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1

Family Employability Development Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Family Employability Development Plan (FEDP) process, a facilitator works with the family to help its members acquire the skills to develop their own plan for economic independence. The facilitator helps coordinate the interagency effort and helps the family become empowered to carry out its own plan. Carried out as a pilot project in 13…

Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing. Adult Extended Learning Services.

2

The Integrated Family Planning Project in China. FP and health education: a successful combination.  

PubMed

The Integrated Family Planning, Maternal-Child Health Care, and Parasite Control Project has been underway since 1983 in 6 pilot areas in China. The project is a result of collaboration among the China Family Planning Association, the Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning, and International Planned Parenthood Federation. Steering committees in each of the pilot project areas are composed of government workers, representatives of nongovernmental organizations, family planning cadres, health managers, doctors, and health technicians. Family planning service stations have become the activity bases to implement the integrated project. The coverage rate of program propaganda and education has reached 95% in the pilot project areas. Specific IEC techniques have included lectures, parents' study groups, posters, folk art exhibitions, pamphlets, and household visits. In addition, volunteers have been enlisted to build latrines, wells, and running water facilities. Ultimately, the success of the integrated project is dependent upon the masses becoming aware that enhanced attention to family planning, maternal-child health, and parasite control is in their interest and then taking steps to voluntarily transform their traditional practices and attitudes. Also essential is a reduction of the distance between the government and the masses through the use of trusted community volunteers. PMID:12315799

Dong, Y

1988-10-01

3

42 CFR 59.5 - What requirements must be met by a family planning project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...who coerces or endeavors to coerce any person to undergo an abortion or sterilization procedure by threatening such person with...number of pregnancies, or marital status. (5) Not provide abortion as a method of family planning. A project must:...

2014-10-01

4

42 CFR 59.5 - What requirements must be met by a family planning project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...who coerces or endeavors to coerce any person to undergo an abortion or sterilization procedure by threatening such person with...number of pregnancies, or marital status. (5) Not provide abortion as a method of family planning. A project must:...

2011-10-01

5

42 CFR 59.5 - What requirements must be met by a family planning project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...who coerces or endeavors to coerce any person to undergo an abortion or sterilization procedure by threatening such person with...number of pregnancies, or marital status. (5) Not provide abortion as a method of family planning. A project must:...

2012-10-01

6

42 CFR 59.5 - What requirements must be met by a family planning project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...who coerces or endeavors to coerce any person to undergo an abortion or sterilization procedure by threatening such person with...number of pregnancies, or marital status. (5) Not provide abortion as a method of family planning. A project must:...

2013-10-01

7

42 CFR 59.5 - What requirements must be met by a family planning project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...who coerces or endeavors to coerce any person to undergo an abortion or sterilization procedure by threatening such person with...number of pregnancies, or marital status. (5) Not provide abortion as a method of family planning. A project must:...

2010-10-01

8

School, Work and Family Planning. Interim Impacts in Project Redirection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Redirection was designed to help pregnant and parenting adolescents progress toward eventual self-sufficiency by linking them with community agencies and volunteers at four geographically and ethnically diverse sites in the United States. Distinctive features of the program include: (1) a broad scope of services including employability…

Polit, Denise F.; And Others

9

Fertility awareness / natural family planning for adolescents and their families: report of multisite pilot project.  

PubMed

Fertility awareness is experiential learning about cyclic fertility. This awareness, used as a family planning method, differs from contraception because it does not isolate the procreative capacity of either partner. The acceptability and effect of teaching fertility awareness on teen sexual activity and decision making was tested in a multisite pilot program which taught fertility awareness via the prospective marker of the cervical mucus (ovulation method of natural family planning). 200 US and 35 Guatemalan volunteer women ages 15-17 in a structured 1 year curriculum, monitored cycle charting and explored the implications of experiencing one's signs of fertility. Control subjects were recruited from the general population and from family planning clinics. 9% of the US study group were sexually active prior to entry. By cycle 12, 1/2 had discontinued activity. Conception rate was 0.0044. The continuation rate dropped from 90% at cycle 7 to 71% at cycle 8 due to scheduling constraints for 2 classes and to 57% at cycle 12. Postprogram follow-up of early leavers showed only 1/3 the expected rate of onset of sexual activity and pregnancy. Parent involvement correlated positively with postponement and/or discontinuation of sexual activity. Reported movement away from peer group pressure appeared 3 months after entry. PMID:12315578

Klaus, H; Bryan, L M; Bryant, M L; Fagan, M U; Harrigan, M B; Kearns, F

1987-01-01

10

An invisible benefit: integrated project on family planning and parasite control has expanded operations multi-dimensionally.  

PubMed

Resolutions adopted by the 12th Annual Asian Parasite Control/Family Planning (APCO/FP) Conference held in Colombo, Sri Lanka urge the incorporation of quality of life issues of all dimensions in projects of all participating countries. 1 study discussed during the conference concerned health volunteers of the integrated project in Sri Lanka, which analyzes motivating factors which make community young people work on a voluntary basis. Another topic covered was the role of women in the achievement of primary health care. Video reports were presented by Bangladesh on family planning and parasite control activities, Brazil on utilization of existing organizations to improve successful integrated projects, China on making twin concerns of family planning and primary health care, Indonesia on strengthening urban FP/MCH clinics, Korea on health promotion through the integrated project, Malaysia on the NADI program, the Philippines on the Cebu model of integrated health care, and Thailand on fee charging urban programs. PMID:12280293

Taniguchi, H

1985-11-01

11

Family Emergency Preparedness Plan 1 Family Emergency Preparedness Plan  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Family Emergency Preparedness Plan 1 Family Emergency Preparedness Plan Why Plan Emergency Telephone Numbers.....................................................26 Credits The Family Military Department, Emergency Management Division. #12;2 Family Emergency Preparedness Plan Why plan

Noble, James S.

12

The family planning service.  

PubMed

In 1978, 1,521,400 women in Great Britain obtained contraceptives through the National Health Service (NHS) family planning clinics, in 1980 the number was 1,468,000; likewise in 1978 2,118,313 women obtained them through general practitioners who offer a contraceptive service and in 1980 the number was also down, to 2,033,810. There has been little expansion in the provision of family planning clinics or the organization of extra sessions, contrasting with the expansion program of the Family Planning Association (FPA) when they largely had the responsibility of providing services, before 1974. Clinic sessions should be available for people of all ages but young people might respond better to separate, less formal arrangements. For children under age 16 the professional should persuade the child to involve the parents as soon as possible. Health visitors must be well trained in family planning to provide advice and support to patients. With the recent restructuring of Health Authorities, family planning services must not be cut in order to save money. The FPA must ask the government to reissue the May 1974 family planning service Memorandum of Guidance, and must write to those responsible for the supervision of family planning services in this regard. PMID:6550171

Arger, K

1983-01-01

13

Family planning education.  

PubMed

17 days were spent devoted to the effort of learning about China's educational approach to family planning in the hope of discovering how they are achieving their remarkable success in reducing population growth. As a member of the 1981 New York University/SIECUS Colloquim in China, it was necessary to rely on the translation provided by the excellent guides. Discussions were focused on questions prepared in advance about the topics that concerned the group. These observations, based on a short and limited exposure, cover the following areas: marriage and family planning policies; the family planning program; school programs; adult education; family planning workers; and unique aspects of the program. China has an official position on marriage and family planning that continues to undergo revisions. The new marriage law sets the minimum ages of marriage at 22 for men and 20 for women. Almost everyone marries, and an unmarried person over age 28 is a rarity. The family planning program in China is carried out by an extensive organizational network at national, provincial, and local government levels. Officials termed it a "propaganda campaign." Hospitals, clinics, and factories invariably displayed posters; a popular set of four presents the advantages of the 1 child family as follows: late marriage is best, for it allows more time to work and study; 1 child is best for the health of the mother; one gets free medical care for his/her child if a family has only 1 child; and there is more time to teach 1 child. The state operated television regularly explains the 1 child policy utilizing special films. According to 1 family planning official, "before marriage there is little sex." There are few abortions for unmarried women. Education about sex is for adults, for those persons who are about to be married. There is little if any sex education in schools. Sexual teaching is not generally acceptable, especially in the rural areas. By contrast, in Shanghai the physiology teaching in the middle school does include sex education and reproduction. Sex information for adults is offered at the time of marriage. Married or about to be married adults are the major target of the state's family planning education effort. The key educators are an extensive network of family planning workers. All hospitals have a family planning office, and there are also family planning workers in the factories. What is unique about the Chinese approach is its use of reward and punishment. PMID:6550674

Hamburg, M V

1983-02-01

14

Family planning in Singapore.  

PubMed

Since the initial voluntary efforts of the Singapore Family Planning Association in 1949, family planning in Singapore has made important progress. This effort extended over the years until the end of 1965 when the government accepted full responsibility for family planning on a national scale. In September 1965, the government announced a 5-year National Family Planning Program with the goal of reducing the birthrate from 32/1000 in 1964 to below 20/1000 by 1970. This would result in a growth rate of not more than 1.5%. The government program aims at reaching 60% of married women in the reproductive age range of 15-45. It is estimated that out of 450,000 in this age range, some 300,000 are married. The target is 180,000 in 5 years. The Singapore Family Planning & Population Board was established by an Act of Parliament and charged with responsibility for the implementation of the 5-year plan. The national program offers a menu card of all family planning methods except abortion. Initial focus was on the IUD as the method of choice for 80%. Oral contraception (OC) was the preferred alternative for the remaining 20%. Other conventonal methods also were available. A few months after the plan began in 1966, the IUD became unacceptable to Singapore women. Its side effects of bleeding, cramps, perforation, and pregnancy were exaggerated by rumors. By the middle of 1966, attendance and acceptors in the national program had declined. Emphasis in the national program was changed to OCs, which now are the mainstay of family planning. Currently, nearly 65% of the acceptors use OCs. The program also demonstrates the importance, especially in urban areas, of the tremendous impact of a postpartum family planning service. Over 70% of the births in Singapore take place at the Kandang Kerbau Maternity Hospitals. Government midwives deliver another 5%. All these women are contacted by a team of family planning workers in the postpartum period and are offered family planning. Nearly 90% verbally accept appointments for family planning in the hospital. Eventually, some 50% do come for service. During the past 18 months, nearly 1400-1500 new acceptors each month, out of an average of 2500-2600 per month, are recruited into the program through the postpartum service. A massive publicity program was launched in the middle of July 1966 when mass media, in particular government radio and television supported by extensive press publicity, was used. The entire program and its publicity is essentially female-centered but some appeal is made to the family as a whole. Singapore's 5-year family planning program is designed to reduce its birthrate from 30 to 20/1000 in 5 years. It has reached half this objective in the first 2 years. PMID:12313933

Kanagaratnam, K

1968-01-01

15

Rakhaine community embraces family planning.  

PubMed

The Rakhaines are a small, tightly knit community of 15,000 people who occupy parts of the coastal and hilly districts of southern Bangladesh. It is a closed community with different ethnic origins and religion from other Bangladeshis. As such, they have been largely unreached by government health and family planning services. In response to the need to bring services to these people, contact was established between the Family Planning Association of Bangladesh (FPAB) and the Rakhaine in 1987 in the interest of improving family health and well-being among the Rakhaine people through the introduction of maternal and child health care and family planning. The Family Planning Services for the Rakhaine Community project of the FPAB began in Cox's Bazar and Harbang in late 1987, and spread gradually over the hilly terrain inhabited by the Rakhaine to now serve 2000 couples. Although family planning was the focal point, the project also incorporated schemes for income generation, maternal and child health care, and sanitation. At baseline, less than 25% of reproductive age couples were using contraception, but this proportion grew to 69% by 1993, higher than the national contraceptive prevalence rate of approximately 40%. Used by 41% of married women of reproductive age, the pill is the most preferred contraceptive method, followed by sterilization among 10% of women. The efforts of fieldworkers were crucial to program success. The author notes that current users have been using contraception on average for just over two years. Moreover, the level of tetanus toxoid immunization rose to 60% of pregnant women, while 75% of children are now immunized against major life-threatening diseases. Some costs are recovered, but not enough to finance the project. PMID:12345743

Chowdhury, S M

1994-01-01

16

The Family Farm Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kenyon College's Family Farm Project, "a three-year study exploring family farming and community life in Knox County, Ohio," presents an intimate multimedia view of the daily life of the family farm, which some consider a vanishing institution in America.

1996-01-01

17

Family planning defended [India].  

PubMed

Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, criticized what she termed excessive propaganda on the part of certain political parties and groups against family planning, indicating that there was a tremendous need for family planning in a country with a population of 660 million. In a television interview Gandhi stressed that her government believed in persuasion and not coercion as the means of controlling population growth. A mass sterilization campaign conducted during Gandhi's previous government 3 years ago was 1 of the main factors influencing her defeat in the 1977 national elections. A national population policy setting the goals and strategy for curbing population growth is now being formulated, but the government has provided sufficient indication that there will be no return to compulsion which had marked the implementation of the family planning program during 1975-1976. Family planning is presently being pursued as a totally voluntary program and as an integral part of a comprehensive policy including education and health. The plan is to organize 50,000 camps in which 2 million persons are expected to participate. PMID:12278475

18

JSTOR: Family Planning Perspectives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The full text of Family Planning Perspectives, v. 1-33, 1969-2001 is now available online at JSTOR. Visitors can search or browse the journal. Note: access to JSTOR contents is currently available only on a site license basis to academic institutions. A list of institutions with site licenses is provided.

19

Planning the Project Meeting  

E-print Network

Project group meetings must be planned well in advance. Members should be involved in completing some type of work before the next meeting. This helps the leader plan the next project meeting and makes efficient use of time....

Howard, Jeff W.

2005-05-10

20

Family Planning in Asia.  

PubMed

In this article the medical director of IPPF, Dr. Malcolm Potts, reviews some new aspects of family planning as discussed in a regional IPPF conference in 1970 in Tokyo and as he gathered impressions from his travels in Asia. Nearly all Asian countries have governmental family planning programs. However, for the most part, bottlenecks have developed in these programs, and the achievements have been disappointing. The population in Asia is biased towards the younger age groups. Migration makes only a marginal difference. Unemployment is a serious social program which will be magnified by additional labor force. Japan has demonstrated that legal abortion can be a relatively safe procedure while in Korea induced abortion is illegal. Conversely, in Korea oral contraceptives have been successfully distributed in the governmental program while in Japan the method is still not approved by the government. A bill to reform the abortion law is before the Indian parliament. In Mainland China, IUDs, oral contraceptives and condoms are in use; sterilization and abortion are available upon request. PMID:12254734

Potts, M

1970-01-01

21

Family Planning Handbook for Doctors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) believes that all people have the right to family planning information, including premarital and marital counseling, contraception information, and sex education. This physician's handbook is designed to provide all doctors with the necessary instructions on the latest family planning methods…

Kleinman, Ronald L., Ed.

22

FAmily planning in Taiwan.  

PubMed

At the turn of the century, Taiwan's population was increasing slowly, then later grew during a period of high fertility after the end of World War II and the accordance of independence in 1946. This growth in fertility came together with increasing life expectancy and a general desire by couples to have families comprised of 5-6 children. Taiwan was therefore poised to experience a major population explosion. In this context, a family planning program was established in the country which has since evolved into one of the world's most successful such programs. By 1990, the preferred family size was 2-3 children and of couples which already had 2 children, 70% of those without any sons were nonetheless practicing contraception. While in 1965, no married women used contraception until they had some children, by 1990, 27% of married women without children used contraception. Increasing age at marriage has been an important factor in Taiwan's declining fertility, with the average age at marriage increasing from 20 years in the 1950s to approximately 27 in the 1970s. Few mothers, however, want only one child. The fertility trends observed in Taiwan have been made possible through the provision of contraception, which used to be universally free, but which is now provided free to only people of low income or the disabled. Oral contraception, condoms, and IUDs are used, although 30% of couples depend upon sterilization. PMID:9741982

Trewinnard, K

1998-07-01

23

Family planning for travellers.  

PubMed

A public health nurse from London describes the customs of nomadic people in the British Isles, known as "travellers," as they affect provision of family planning services. Most are of British or Irish stock, some migrate and others live in caravan sites all year. Their traditions dictate that men work and women are housewives. Early, often arranged, marriage, early childbearing and large families are the norm. Sex and contraception are not considered appropriate for discussion between the sexes, or in the presence of children. Large families and financial hardship force many women to space pregnancies. Women often have to hide contraceptives from their husbands, difficult in conditions without privacy. Therefore they prefer IUDs, but some use oral contraceptives, although sometimes erratically because most are illiterate. Traveller women are usually unwilling to do self-examination, as needed with IUDs. They often have difficulty attending regular Pap smear clinics. Cervical cancer rates are high. They experience discrimination in clinics, and need extra care about modesty. It is worth while to take time to develop trust in the clinical relationship, to deal with the traveller woman's uneasy among outsiders. PMID:2286082

Rustom, A

1990-11-01

24

Population Growth: Family Planning Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings of the second annual symposium on population growth bring together speeches and panel discussions on family planning programs. Titles of speeches delivered are: Communicating Family Planning (Mrs. Jean Hutchinson); Effects of New York's Abortion Law Change (Dr. Walter Rogers); The Law and Birth Control, Sterilization and Abortion…

Doberenz, Alexander R., Ed.; Taylor, N. Burwell G., Ed.

25

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section 59...HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does one...

2014-10-01

26

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section 59...HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does one...

2013-10-01

27

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section 59...HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does one...

2012-10-01

28

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section 59...HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is eligible...

2014-10-01

29

[Integration in family planning programs].  

PubMed

The question of whether family planning programs should be integrated with other activities or limited strictly to contraception has been debated for years without achievement of consensus. Profamilia, the Colombian family planning organization, has been a firm advocate of a vertical program without other activities. A large body of economic and demographic data and evaluations of numerous programs in numerous places support the Profamilia position that both economic development and family planning programs are important in achieving demographic objectives, but if only 1 is possible in a given country, a good family planning program gives better results. Profamilia, a private, nonprofit organization, is responsible for 2/3 of the contraception practiced in Colombia. Profamilia's success appears to demonstrate that an effective program, even in a country no more promising otherwise than any of its neighbors, can achieve excellent results. For government-run programs, it may be politically impossible to avoid an integrated family planning program; the public is likely to question the emphasis on family planning if other urgent health needs go unattended. But even government-run programs may create separate structures with separate funding and personnel for specific problems such as malaria control, suggesting recognition of their greater efficiency. A nongovernmental organization such as Profamilia, faced with a continuing struggle for funding, must concentrate its resources on fulfilling its mission of allowing couples to decide freely on the timing and extent of their reproduction. Vertical programs, tolerant if not enthusiastic governments, and abundant demand are the 3 factors that have led to high rates of contraceptive usage in some countries; sthe contraceptive prevalence rate is 60% in Colombia. A number of studies in the late 1970s and early 1980s have shown that funds directed to family planning have a far greater demographic impact than do equal amounts directed to rural female education, nutrition, or control of infant mortality. Verticality in a family planning program should be understood to include all activities that attract potential family planning acceptors, as well as all services which generate funds that can be channeled to family planning programs and that contribute to program efficiency. Pregnancy tests, Pap smears, gynecological or urological consultations, social marketing, antiparasite campaigns, and treatments of infertility, sexually transmitted diseases, or sexual dysfunctions are all appropriate components of a vertical family planning program. True and unacceptable integration views contraception as a remote and secondary goal, while the type of "false" integration described above views family planning as its epicenter and does everything possible to promote and facilitate contraception. PMID:12268899

Trias, M

1987-01-01

30

Planning a research project.  

PubMed

The planning stage of any research project is one of the most important stages in the research process. This article offers insight into the important issues a researcher needs to consider when planning his or her research, including how to develop a research protocol, obtaining research funding, seeking academic, peer and social support, gaining research ethics and governance approval and planning a research schedule. Careful planning ensures that the research project is achievable and can be completed on time, with the funding available. PMID:25758518

Gelling, Leslie; Engward, Hilary

2015-03-11

31

A dynamic family planning and health campaign.  

PubMed

Any successful development program that combines family planning, nutrition, and parasite control such as the integrated project, must include effective information, education, and communication (IEC) components. The Population an Community Development Association (PDA), the largest nonprofit organization in Thailand provides a network of family planning service delivery composed of volunteer distributors including midwives, school techers and shopkeepers. Reliability and accessibility are the 2 important elements. A concerted media campaign which exposes people to condoms and other contraceptives helps desensitize an otherwise "too personal" issue. The problem which confronts family planning communication is how to counteract the sensuous messages form advetisers while focusing on mundane topics such as maternal and child health, responsible parenthood, and family budgets. The PDA has tried to use the same attractions to promote family planning. It distributes promotional items such as T-shirts, pens towels and cigarette lighters bearing family planning messages. In addition to the use of television and radio, PDA also utilizes every possible channel of communication. Approaches include: the Youth-to-Youth Program; informational exhibits; video-mobile vans which visit schools and factories; and the holding of PDA's vasectomy festivals. Informational exhibits on family planning and health care use a variety of audio-visual methods. Video is an effective communication medium. The PDA video material ordinarily consists of family dramas illustrating good and bad family planning practices. By holding vasectomy festivals, PDA provides a media-attracting forum to educate the public and promote vasectomey as the most effective birth control method. Mass media campaigns must be linked with fieldwork outreach. PMID:12314464

1986-11-01

32

DAF Glovebox Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document defines how the glovebox project will be managed and executed. It provides a path forward for establishing a glovebox capability in Building 341 of the DAF in time to meet JASPER programmatic requirements as the first user. Note that some elements of the glovebox project have been under way for some time and are more mature than others; other elements are being worked concurrently. This plan serves the following purposes: Assign organizational and individual responsibilities for bringing the glovebox capability online; Coordinate activities between organizations; Facilitate communication between project members and management; and Identify the mechanisms used to manage and control the project. The scope of this plan includes all activities conducted to achieve project objectives, culminating in DOE/NV approval to operate. This plan does not address the issues associated with the steady-state operation of the glovebox.

Martinez, M.W.; Higgs, R.L.

2000-11-14

33

Private sector joins family planning effort.  

PubMed

Projects supported by the Directorate for Population (S&T/POP) of the U.S. Agency for International Development and aimed at increasing for-profit private sector involvement in providing family planning services and products are described. Making products commercially available through social-marketing partnerships with the commercial sector, USAID has saved $1.1 million in commodity costs from Brazil, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Indonesia, and Peru. Active private sector involvement benefits companies, consumers, and donors through increased corporate profits, healthier employees, improved consumer access at lower cost, and the possibility of sustained family planning programs. Moreover, private, for-profit companies will be able to meet service demands over the next 20 years where traditional government and donor agency sources would fail. Using employee surveys and cost-benefit analyses to demonstrate expected financial and health benefits for businesses and work forces, S&T/POP's Technical Information on Population for the Private Sector (TIPPS) project encourages private companies in developing countries to invest in family planning and maternal/child health care for their employees. 36 companies in 9 countries have responded thus far, which examples provided from Peru and Zimbabwe. The Enterprise program's objectives are also to increase the involvement of for-profit companies in delivering family planning services, and to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of private volunteer organizations in providing services. Projects have been started with mines, factories, banks, insurance companies, and parastatals in 27 countries, with examples cited from Ghana and Indonesia. Finally, the Social Marketing for Change project (SOMARC) builds demand and distributes low-cost contraceptives through commercial channels especially to low-income audiences. Partnerships have been initiated with the private sector in 17 developing countries, with examples provided from the Dominican Republic, Liberia and Ecuador. These projects have increased private sector involvement in family planning, thereby promoting service expansion at lower public sector cost. PMID:12343476

1989-12-01

34

Spent Nuclear Fuel project, project management plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Spent Nuclear Fuel Project has been established to safely store spent nuclear fuel at the Hanford Site. This Project Management Plan sets forth the management basis for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project. The plan applies to all fabrication and construction projects, operation of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project facilities, and necessary engineering and management functions within the scope of the project

Fuquay, B.J.

1995-10-25

35

Planning Complex Projects Automatically  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automated Manifest Planner (AMP) computer program applies combination of artificial-intelligence techniques to assist both expert and novice planners, reducing planning time by orders of magnitude. Gives planners flexibility to modify plans and constraints easily, without need for programming expertise. Developed specifically for planning space shuttle missions 5 to 10 years ahead, with modifications, applicable in general to planning other complex projects requiring scheduling of activities depending on other activities and/or timely allocation of resources. Adaptable to variety of complex scheduling problems in manufacturing, transportation, business, architecture, and construction.

Henke, Andrea L.; Stottler, Richard H.; Maher, Timothy P.

1995-01-01

36

Integrating family planning with other social services.  

PubMed

Family planning outreach workers in the 43 municipalities of Iloilo Province, Western Visayas, the Philippines, have provided their communities with health, nutrition, educational, and agricultural services since 1973, when the Provincial Development Staff (PDS) began attempting to integrate services. The early work of the PDS was aided by the launching of the National Population and Family Planning Outreach Project in rural areas in 1976 and the creation of the Provincial Population Office (PPO) in 1977. 43% of the Outreach Project cost is borne by the local government, with the Commission on Population covering the rest. It is anticipated that the local goverment will eventually absorb the full cost. The Outreach officers have become an integral part of the planning body of the provincial government, largely due to the creation of the Provincial Consultative Committee on Population (PCCP) in 1979. The PCCP, composed of 22 governmental and private agencies involved in population-related activities, is charged with implementing the national population program in order to utilize all possible resources for provincial development. Its Integrated Provincial Population Plan has become part of the total provincial development plan. The Municipal Population Planning Actions Teams, whose functions are patterned on those of the PCCPs, further strengthen local planning at the municipal level. Full-Time Outreach Workers participate as well in planning at the barangay level. The various community-based projects initiated by the Outreach staff in Iloilo demonstrate a concern with making the population program responsive to the immediate needs of the provincial population. Organizations which teach better farming methods and undertake community projects emphasize local initiative and solutions to problems, and demonstrate the committment of population workers to broader development efforts. Outreach workers are involved in primary health care, social service delivery, income generating projects, and other activities even in backward and inaccessible areas. PMID:12338629

Bernales, E H

1982-01-01

37

USA aborts international family planning.  

PubMed

The US Agency for International Development (USAID) has been a leader in international family planning for almost 30 years, accounting for 46% of all funds in international family planning provided by OECD countries during 1991. Moreover, relative to other donor countries, the US supplies worldwide a disproportionate amount of contraceptives. While international family planning activities received $546 million in 1995, the budget was slashed in 1996 to $72 million. This unprecedented cut will have a profound effect upon the reproductive health and family planning choices of tens of millions of people in developing countries. Millions of additional unintended pregnancies and maternal and child deaths may result. 1996 began with the White House and Congress in political gridlock, with negotiations on foreign aid stalled on the issue of abortion. The Republican-led House of Representatives wanted to bar support of any nongovernmental organization (NGO) which also provided information on abortion, while Democratic President Bill Clinton affirmed that he would veto such legislation. At the end of January, the House passed the Balanced Budget and Down Payment Act (HR 2880) containing clauses which cut the aid budget by 35% and barring new money in the area of family planning until July 1. Spending was limited to the allocation of 6.5% of the total budget each month. Some social marketing programmers who distribute condoms and oral contraceptives are already feeling the pinch, and some programs will simply run out of contraceptives. This cut in funding also bodes ill for achieving the goals of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. There is, however, hope that the cuts will be reversed for the next fiscal year. The author notes survey findings which indicate that US citizens support higher budgets for family planning. PMID:8596311

Potts, M

1996-03-01

38

[Family planning among gipsy women].  

PubMed

Family is the major social unit of gipsy society. The basic value in ethno-culture of gypsies is children. As in almost all aspects of health, regarding the reproduction health and access to health care gipsy population do not have good enough indexes. The purpose of this research is to determine the information gipsy women have about family planning. The inquiry is conducted through 100 gipsy women in different ages in the village Bukovlak, Pleven municipality. PMID:20380105

Dilova, P; Popova, T; Atanassova, K; Samuilova, E

2009-01-01

39

Incentives to promote family planning  

PubMed Central

Objective Over the past 60 years, population control has become an increasingly urgent issue worldwide as a growing population strains already limited resources. The use of financial incentives to promote family planning is an innovative approach that has potential to make a contribution to efforts to better manage population growth. This report reviews eight studies that examined the effect of incentives on family planning. Method Published studies that tested the impact of incentives to promote some aspect of family planning and included an appropriate control or comparison condition were reviewed. Results Incentives have been used to promote attendance at contraceptive education sessions, adoption and continuation of contraceptive methods, sterilization, and to limit family size. All but one of the eight studies reviewed reported positive outcomes, but weaknesses in study design and execution limit the strength of the conclusions that can be drawn. Conclusion Review of this literature suggests that family planning behaviors, like other behaviors, are sensitive to incentives. Given the tremendous need for efficacious interventions in global efforts to manage population growth, further research on this topic using more rigorous experimental methods is warranted. PMID:22743293

Heil, Sarah H.; Gaalema, Diann E.; Herrmann, Evan S.

2012-01-01

40

Planning for Project Continuation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help colleges plan for the successful continuation of educational improvement projects beyond the end of their original funding period, this report presents a case study of Pennsylvania College of Technology's (PCT's) efforts to ensure the continuation of a Title III faculty development program. After describing the the Title III…

Berry, Grant, Jr.

41

Effectiveness of Family Planning Methods  

MedlinePLUS

Effectiveness of Family Planning Methods Most Effective Less than 1 pregnancy per 100 women in a year Reversible Implant 0.05 %* Intrauterine Device (IUD) LNG - ... Laparoscopic, Hysteroscopic) 0.5 % How to make your method most effective After procedure, little or nothing to ...

42

FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMS IN ASIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The population explosion in Asia has reached crisis proportions. Fortunately many of the countries in Asia, as well as the developed countries in the West, recognize the severity of the crisis and are actively supporting Family Planning Programs to bring contraception education and supplies to the populace. The Programs are still in their infancy, but some of them (Taiwan, South

M. S. DIXON

43

[Family Planning Circular of 1990].  

PubMed

In 1990, the government of Guangdong issued a Family Planning Circular demanding that the people of Guangdong take immediate actions to push ahead with Guangdong's family planning (FP) work. The Circular provides that, despite the fact that Guangdong has achieved gratifying results in its FP work this year, it has failed to fulfill its FP quotas and check excessive population growth for 4 successive years in the 7th 5-Year period. The Circular also provides that, in view of this rigorous situation, the Government demands that people's governments at all levels in Guangdong immediately formulate specific plans aimed at fully implementing to the FP quotas and an FP-oriented responsibility system at all levels. All concerned departments and mass organizations in Guangdong are required actively to cooperate and coordinate with one another in carrying out FP work. PMID:12317499

1990-05-10

44

Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is explicitly stated and directed in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978, Public Law 95-604, 42 USC 7901 (hereinafter referred to as the Act''). Title I of the Act authorizes the Department of Energy (DOE) to undertake remedial actions at 24 designated inactive uranium processing sites and associated vicinity properties containing uranium mill tailings and other residual radioactive materials derived from the processing sites. The Act, amended in January 1983, by Public Law 97-415, also authorizes DOE to perform remedial actions at vicinity properties in Edgemont, South Dakota. Cleanup of the Edgemont processing site is the responsibility of the Tennessee Valley Authority. This document describes the plan, organization, system, and methodologies used to manage the design, construction, and other activities required to clean up the designated sites and associated vicinity properties in accordance with the Act. The plan describes the objectives of the UMTRA Project, defines participants' roles and responsibilities, outlines the technical approach for accomplishing the objectives, and describes the planning and managerial controls to be used in integrating and performing the Project mission. 21 figs., 21 tabs.

Not Available

1988-01-01

45

[Wang Renzhong, Chen Muhua stress family planning].  

PubMed

Wang Renzhong, secretary of the Secretariat of the CCP Central Committee, and Chen Muhua, vice premier of the State Council, addressed the national discussion meeting on propaganda for family planning. Wang Renzhong stated that if population control and family planning continue to be overlooked, population growth will become a calamity in the future. He identified family planning as a permanent strategic task and said that more publicity should be given to family planning, particularly in the rural areas. Chen Muhua discussed her recent briefing to Vice Chairman Deng on the progress made in family planning during 1980 and the current problems. She reported that Vice Chairman Deng expressed satisfaction over the 1980 achievements in family planning. Deng advised creating public opinion in favor of family planning. The national discussion meeting on propaganda for family planning was held in Beijing during January. Measures for implementing "major points of propaganda on controlling China's population growth" were studied. PMID:12264003

1981-01-15

46

[The challenges of the family planning program].  

PubMed

Mexican family planning officials used date from the 1990 population census to revise population growth estimates and determine program needs for different family planning institutions during 1990-94. Total fertility rates were used to estimate fertility, using information from sociodemographic surveys taken over the past 10 years. Total fertility rates were estimated at 3.29 in 1987, 2.8 in 1990, and projected at 2.5 in 1994. These rates correspond to a crude birth rate of 24-25/1000 in 1990 and 22-23 in 1994 and natural increase rates of 1.87% and 1.67%. In obtaining these estimates, the structure of fertility of the 1987 National Survey of Fertility and Health and the program projections of women by ages of the National Population Council and the National Institute of Statistics, Geography, and were considered. The TARGET model was used to estimate the numbers of women in union using different modern methods who would need to be served by family planning programs in order to meet the proposed total fertility rates. The prevalence of sterilization, IUDS, and oral contraceptives (OCs) in women in union would be 59% in 1990 and 62% in 1994, or in absolute terms 7.8 million women in 1990 and 9.3 million in 1994. The public sector has replaced the private as the major source of family planning services. The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) share is expected to increase from 48.3% of users in 1990 to 56.5% in 1994. The other 3 public sector institutions will maintain their current level of coverage. The private sector has played a smaller role in family planning in Mexico than in many other countries, and the state will thus have the major responsibility for service provision, including family planning education, promotion, and counseling of prospective clients. Existing services should be made more accessible as far as physical access and hours of operation, and the methods available should be increased beyond OCs and condoms. Traditional midwives in rural areas should be trained to administer modern methods in collaboration with institutional health services so that rural-urban differences in coverage and quality can be decreased. It is estimated that, of the 59% of women in union who want no more children, 44% are using a traditional method or no method. Encouraging these women to use contraception is a challenge for the family planning program. It will not be enough to communicate the general advantages of family planning; specific information on each method is needed. The integration of family planning into maternal-child health services is necessary for the focus on reproductive health and preventing high risk pregnancies. Health services should cooperate with the civil registration system to identify newlyweds and provide them with family planning information. Greater efforts are needed to reach adolescents through cooperation with educational institutions. PMID:12158037

Alarcon, F; Mojarro, O

1991-01-01

47

Men and Family Planning. Worldwatch Paper 41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph focuses on men's potentially positive role in family planning. In addition, it identifies reasons why so few organized family planning programs have targeted men as clients and why men have so often played a peripheral or negative role in family planning. The document is presented in seven chapters. Chapter I introduces the topic…

Stokes, Bruce

48

NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan  

E-print Network

NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan 6 PPPL Laboratory Director S.Prager Deputy Director.Gentile Centerstack Dsgn & Fab J. Chrzanowski NSTX Upgrade Project Manager R. Strykowsky Deputy and Construction Manager E. Perry Project Controls S. Langish NSTXCenterstack Manager L. Dudek NSTXNeutral Beam Manager T

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

49

NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan  

E-print Network

NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan Appendix 1 - WBS Dictionary 25 Appendix 1 - NSTX Upgrade Project Work Breakdown Structure This Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) organizes and defines the scope of the NSTX Upgrade using the WBS as established by the original NSTX project and modified

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

50

[Tianjin holds family planning conference].  

PubMed

This article reports on the results of a conference on family planning in Tianjin municipality, China. On the basis of a preliminary census, the birth rate in the municipality is expected to reach 15/1000 and the population growth rate 9/1000 in 1979. These figures exceed the target of population growth rate of 6/1000. The high figures are accounted for by the high birth rate in the suburban counties. Late marriage, planned parenthood, and 1 child families are being encouraged. Other measures should be taken to, 1) bring the municipalities birth rate to less than 2/1000, 2) encourage 1 child families in the suburban counties, 3) encourage 50% of the women of child bearing age who already have 1 child to not bear a 2nd child, and 4) encourage 70% of the women of child bearing age who already have 1 child 3 years old not to bear a 2nd child. Propaganda and education are also encouraged in order to inform the masses. PMID:12338061

1979-08-01

51

Family planning program: 26% of reproductive-age Filipinos.  

PubMed

In the past 10 years, great gains have been made in family planning in the Philippines; 26% of reproductive-age Filipinos now use contraception. The government has increasingly supported population planning. Recognizing the limitations of earlier approaches which established family planning clinics throughout the country or used part-time family planning motivators to reach people not served by the clinics, POPCOM (the Commission on Population) and/U.S. Agency for International Development developed a new program in 1976 - the National Family Planning Outreach project. The project objective is to make national family planning services conveniently and dependably available without cost in every barangay. To achieve this objective, POPCOM is granting money to local governments to establish a network for family planning coordination and service delivery down to the barangay level. The program provides a management and support structure to guarantee proper supervision, operational funding, and logistical support. Full-time outreach workers are recruited from their own communities, adequately trained, and paid. The workers conduct house-to-house visits to encourage involvement, follow up new participants, and establish and manage and average of 10-15 Barangay Supply Points to distribute free oral contraceptives and condoms in rural and poor urban areas. The operators of the Barangay Supply Points motivate and counsel their clients during resupply visits and assist the outreach workers organizing barangay family planning meetings. POPCOM has also expanded the voluntary sterilization program so that it is now supported and endorsed as a major service. PMID:12177901

1977-12-01

52

NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project  

E-print Network

NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) Upgrade Project Execution Plan Revision 1 October 6, 2011 Submitted by: R. Strykowsky NSTX Upgrade Project Manager _____________________________ M. Williams Associate Director, PPPL

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

53

NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project  

E-print Network

NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) Upgrade Project Execution Plan Revision 3 October 12, 2012 Administrative Change Submitted by: ______________________________ R. Strykowsky NSTX Upgrade Project Manager Anthony Indelicato

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

54

The Individual Family Service Plan: Unresolved Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that federal requirement to develop Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP) for all infants and toddlers with special needs has major conceptual difficulty stemming from linkage of family service to family assessment. Sees many authorities as advocating parents and professionals as partners in assessing needs and planning services. Questions…

Goodman, Joan F.; Hover, Sarah A.

1992-01-01

55

[Decision on improving family planning work, 1992].  

PubMed

This document contains a translation of a Decision on Family Planning (FP) reached by China's Zhejiany province. The Decision calls for party committees and government leaders at all levels to assume responsibility for implementation of the FP program. The Decision also calls for creation of responsibility contracts that will ensure implementation of the FP program through the grassroots level. Additional changes will involve 1) a gradual increase in the investment in FP projects, 2) education and development of FP cadres, and 3) strengthening of interdepartmental coordination. While seeking strengthened propaganda and education, the Decision also calls for progress in advancing prenatal care. PMID:12293808

1992-06-10

56

Project Management Plan Chinese Food  

E-print Network

special equipment, facilities needed or wanted? According to http://project-management-knowledge.com/ weProject Management Plan Chinese Food According to NSF, the basic elements of a project management impact of this project? · Data management: How do we collect, preserve and sort all of the files? Which

Igusa, Kiyoshi

57

Family planning propaganda outline, 1988.  

PubMed

In 1988, the regional Family Planning (FP) Commission of Nei Monggol, China, issued a propaganda outline containing the following language: "In order to fulfill the three fighting targets put forward by the autonomous regional party committee, efforts should be made to accelerate the speed of developing the economy on the one hand and bring population growth under strict control on the other hand. It is necessary to further stabilize the existing policy on FP work and to continuously encourage one couple to have one child throughout their life. In allowing rural people to have a second birth, rural authorities must strictly enforce the measure, strictly ban second or more births outside the plan, and strictly prohibit people marrying too early and giving birth too early. Minority nationalities should also implement the FP policy in line with the demand of central authorities." The propaganda outline also urges Communist party members, CYL members, and cadres at all levels to actively respond to the party's call and be vanguards in FP work. PMID:12289660

1988-01-01

58

Improving Permanency Planning in Families with HIV Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two distinct service models developed in New York City for providing mental health and custody-planning services to families with HIV/AIDS. Project Talk uses cognitive behavior techniques with groups of parents and their teenage children. Project Care employs a psycho-educational approach to counseling mothers and children in their…

Draimin, Barbara H.; Gamble, Ivy; Shire, Amy; Hudis, Jan

1998-01-01

59

[Family planning in New York].  

PubMed

The nurse Margaret Sanger started the 1st American contraception consultation in 1916 in Bronxville, N.Y. Today the Planned Parenthood Federation of America has 800 clinics in all states. A clinic in White Plains, N.Y., had 31,297 visits a year mostly from low-income people. Services consist of contraceptive and abortion counseling, abortion and infertility procedures, cancer tests with colposcopy and breast examination, and tests concerning sexually transmitted disease and human immunodeficiency virus infection. An adolescent pregnancy impact program helps future mothers ages 13-21 with the Lamaze method, health and diet, delivery, child development, family planning (FP), and life style. Abortion figures in New York State in 1989 showed that among white women ages 15-19 there were 49 abortions and 29 births/89 pregnancies, while among nonwhites with identical parameters there were 120 abortions and 77 births/225 pregnancies. Overall 11% of this age group give birth every year and about 5% get an abortion. The Supreme Court decision in the case of Roe v. Wade in 1973 gave women the right to abortion during the 1st trimester. That same year the National Right to Life Committee was formed with the goal of reimposing the ban on abortions. In 1977 the Supreme Court ruled that states did not have to pay for voluntary abortions. Each state determines whether a minor has to inform her parents. From 1985 there have been 22 bomb and arson attempts, 42 cases of vandalism, 2 break-ins, 1 bomb attack against a car, 15 death threats, and 7 instances of maltreatment of FP and abortion clinic staff. In 1989 states were allowed to restrict the right to abortion. In 1991 Utah banned abortion except for incest, rape, and risk to the mother's health. Other states also plan to change their abortion laws. PMID:1765559

Bolin, H

1991-09-01

60

NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project  

E-print Network

#12;NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan i Record/schedule baseline updates #12;NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan ii ..............................................................................................................................1 1.2.1 DOE-approved project documents

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

61

NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project  

E-print Network

#12;#12;NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan i Record;NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan ii Table of Contents 1 ..............................................................................................................................1 1.2.1 DOE-approved project documents

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

62

World Family Map Project. Prototype Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2010, the "World Family Map Project" seeks to launch a research initiative that will track central indicators of family strength around the globe. The "World Family Map Project" (WFMP) would partner with Child Trends, a nonpartisan research organization in Washington, D.C., the Institute of Marriage and Family Canada, and research organizations…

Wilcox, W. Bradford; Lippman, Laura; Whitney, Camille

2009-01-01

63

Neste plans three projects  

SciTech Connect

Neste Chemicals (Helsinki) is discussing three joint ventures with local authorities in China, says Mikko Haapavaara, v.p./Asia. The projects should help the Finnish producer to increase sales in Asia by a considerable amount by 2000, he says. The plan involves production of polyethylene (PE), unsaturated polyester resins and PE compounding-all core operations. Sites have not been selected, but Shanghai is the favored location for the PE operations. The company is also looking at a site in the south, near Hong Kong, and at locations near Beijing. The PE plant would need to be near an ethylene unit, says Haapavaara. The PE resin plant would be designed to produce about 150,000 m.t./year and would cost about No. 150 million. A part of the output would need to be exported to take care of the financing, the company says. A feasibility study now under way with the potential Chinese partners should be completed by the end of March. The plant would use Neste's linear low-density PE process, proved in a world-scale plant at Beringen, Belgium. The compounding units would produce specialty PE material for the wire and cable and pipe industry. The company is a joint venture partner in a propane dehydrogenation/polypropylene (PP) plant and a minority partner in a Qualipoly, the 20,000 m.t./year unsaturated polyester resin producer.

Not Available

1993-02-03

64

Women's Fears and Men's Anxieties: The Impact of Family Planning on Gender Relations in Northern Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Navrongo experiment, a family planning and health project in northern Ghana, has demonstrated that an appropriately designed, community-based family planning program can produce a change in contraceptive practice that had been considered unattainable in such a setting. Simultaneously, however, evidence suggests that newly introduced family planning services and contraceptive availability can activate tension in gender relations. In this society,

Ayaga Agula Bawah; Patricia Akweongo; Ruth Simmons; James F. Phillips

1999-01-01

65

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2010-10-01

66

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does...

2010-10-01

67

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2012-10-01

68

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2011-10-01

69

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2013-10-01

70

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does...

2011-10-01

71

Family planning under the Doi Moi policy.  

PubMed

Vietnam's economy began to grow after the December 1986 implementation of Doi Moi policy, with the gross domestic product increasing by more than 5% annually since 1990. Per capita GNP has increased to US$220. In 1989, Vietnam achieved self-sufficiency in rice production and became the world's third largest exporter of rice, the infant mortality rate is 42 per 1000 live births, the average life expectancy is 65 years, and 88% of people aged 10 years and older are literate. Vietnam's economy is expected to continue to grow. However, population growth is a major constraint to Vietnam's projected steady economic and social development. The total population grew from 15.5 million in 1921 to 74 million in 1995. A high unemployment rate and urbanization are already issues. Doi Moi policy therefore gives top priority to the Population and Family Planning (PFP) Program. The overall objective of the PFP policies is to achieve small and healthy families conducive to a happy and prosperous life. Specifically, it hopes to realize each family with one or two children so that by the year 2015 the average number of children for each family will be only two. Policy aims to stabilize Vietnam's population by the year 2050. PMID:12320322

Taniguchi, H

1995-01-01

72

Combined Edition of Family Planning Library Manual and Family Planning Classification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition combines two previous publications of the Katharine Dexter McCormick Library into one volume: the Family Planning Library Manual, a guide for starting a family planning and population library or information center, and the Family Planning Classification, a coding system for organizing book and non-book materials so that they can be…

Planned Parenthood--World Population, New York, NY. Katherine Dexter McCormick Library.

73

Family-Directed Transition Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to family-directed transition planning is intended to help parents and students with disabilities take leading roles in the process of transition from school to post-school activities. First, a letter to families examines the challenge of change and the transition process. Section 2 examines regulations that affect transition planning,…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver. Div. of Special Education Services.

74

Family Planning: Bosnian, Russian, Spanish, Nuer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides information in English, Bosnian, Russian, Spanish, and Nuer on family planning. Topics covered include a variety of birth control methods: abstinence, condoms, contraceptive foam, birth control pills, the Depo-Provera shot, the Norplant implant, diaphragms, intrauterine devices, natural family planning, sterilization, and the…

Anoka County Community Health and Environmental Services, Coon Rapids, MN.

75

Decision on family planning, 7 January 1987.  

PubMed

On 1 January 1987 the Gansu provincial party committee and government issued a Decision on family planning: "The Decision demands that the party committees and government at all levels assign family planning work an important place on their agenda and get a good and tight grasp of it. They must step up family planning propaganda. Beginning this year, the planning commissions and finance departments at all levels must list the task of capital construction for the family planning departments, and assign it a certain amount of investment. It is necessary to establish family planning committee organs, put them on a sound basis, and assign them good leadership groups, to ensure that all family planning work is carried out well. The decision demands that the public health, civil affair, pharmaceutical, and industry and commerce departments regard making a success of family planning work as their own important task and grasp it for a long time to come to ensure that Gansu's population will register proportional and planned growth." PMID:12346592

1987-01-01

76

Family planning at the grass roots.  

PubMed

Despite help from national and international organizations, progress in implementing policy directives from Health Ministry offices in Cairo is slow at the receiving end. El Minya, 1 of 7 governorates to benefit from World Bank-financed population projects, still has a population growth rate of 2.5%-3% annually. An expanding network of family planning outlets in Minya, training programs for health professionals, and provision of equipment and supplies by the British government's O.D.A. fund are intended to improve maternal and child health services to the extent that perceptions of the need for large families to guard against loss of some in infancy will be obviated. The staffing and layout of the rural and urban health facilities reflect the integration of family planning into the health care system as a whole. The pill is still the most widely used method in most parts of the governorate. Home visits by nurses in rural areas are more important than the advice and supplies available at government clinics, which are visited only by those unable to afford private care, but it is doubtful that the low salaries of nurses provide sufficient incentive to encourage them to make their 150 call monthly quotas. Nursing is such an underpaid and unattractive career choice that in areas with severe shortages, the authorities have resorted to engaging the local "dayas", traditional mainstays of village health services. This represents an important shift in policy from the days when attempts were made to limit their activities. The propaganda campaign to promote small families of the State Information Service has been another important aspect of government concern. Bureaucratic delays have hampered progress of the family planning program, and less than half of the O.D.A. funds available have actually been claimed. The seriousness of the government's interest in curbing population growth has been questioned, and the prevailing view among the urban and rural population is that family size is not an issue of serious national concern. Children are viewed as a gift from God and a demonstration of virility, and it has been suggested that contraception will not be taken seriously until imposed by economic necessity. PMID:12339618

Ingram, S

1983-01-01

77

DIGITAL ARCHITECTURE PROJECT PLAN  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to develop an industry consensus document on how to scope and implement the underlying information technology infrastructure that is needed to support a vast array of real-time digital technologies to improve NPP work efficiency, to reduce human error, to increase production reliability and to enhance nuclear safety. A consensus approach is needed because: • There is currently a wide disparity in nuclear utility perspectives and positions on what is prudent and regulatory-compliant for introducing certain digital technologies into the plant environment. For example, there is a variety of implementation policies throughout the industry concerning electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), cyber security, wireless communication coverage, mobile devices for workers, mobile technology in the control room, and so forth. • There is a need to effectively share among the nuclear operating companies the early experience with these technologies and other forms of lessons-learned. There is also the opportunity to take advantage of international experience with these technologies. • There is a need to provide the industry with a sense of what other companies are implementing, so that each respective company can factor this into their own development plans and position themselves to take advantage of new work methods as they are validated by the initial implementing companies. In the nuclear power industry, once a better work practice has been proven, there is a general expectation that the rest of the industry will adopt it. However, the long-lead time of information technology infrastructure could prove to be a delaying factor. A secondary objective of this effort is to provide a general understanding of the incremental investment that would be required to support the targeted digital technologies, in terms of an incremental investment over current infrastructure. This will be required for business cases to support the adoption of these new technologies.

Thomas, Ken

2014-09-01

78

Circular on family planning, 1988.  

PubMed

This Hubei, China, Circular, issued near the end of 1988, provides the following: "The population growth situation in our country is grim. Since 1986, the natural population growth rate has risen continuously. To draw the prompt attention of the whole party and the entire people to the issue of our population, all localities must seriously unfold the activities of publicizing family planning (FP) this winter and next spring, in coordination with education in current affairs. It is necessary to publicize FP in an all-around way and with accuracy, and the activities of publicizing must be carried out effectively in a solid and deep-going way. In the rural areas, stress must be placed on areas where FP work is not carried out well and where there is a prevailing tendency toward early marriage, early child-bearing, and extra-budgetary births. In cities, publicity and education must be conducted especially among the transient population, individual households, and jobless households. During the period of publicity, large-scale street-corner publicity activities must be carried out in cities and towns so as to create strong public opinion and to combine the endeavor to publicize current affairs and policies with the effort to popularize knowledge about contraception and birth-control, to execute measures of contraception and birth control, and to establish FP associations in the countryside." PMID:12289626

1988-01-01

79

Project Surveillance and Maintenance Plan. [UMTRA Project  

SciTech Connect

The Project Surveillance and Maintenance Plan (PSMP) describes the procedures that will be used by the US Department of Energy (DOE), or other agency as designated by the President to verify that inactive uranium tailings disposal facilities remain in compliance with licensing requirements and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards for remedial actions. The PSMP will be used as a guide for the development of individual Site Surveillance and Maintenance Plans (part of a license application) for each of the UMTRA Project sites. The PSMP is not intended to provide minimum requirements but rather to provide guidance in the selection of surveillance measures. For example, the plan acknowledges that ground-water monitoring may or may not be required and provides the (guidance) to make this decision. The Site Surveillance and Maintenance Plans (SSMPs) will form the basis for the licensing of the long-term surveillance and maintenance of each UMTRA Project site by the NRC. Therefore, the PSMP is a key milestone in the licensing process of all UMTRA Project sites. The Project Licensing Plan (DOE, 1984a) describes the licensing process. 11 refs., 22 figs., 8 tabs.

Not Available

1985-09-01

80

HANDI 2000 project execution plan  

SciTech Connect

The HANDI 2000 project will meet some of the major objectives and goals of the PHMC Management and Integration Plan, HNF-MP-00, Rev. 11, by integrating the major Hanford business processes and their supporting information systems.

BENNION, S.I.

1999-09-09

81

Who uses natural family planning?  

PubMed

This study examined the characteristics and attitudes of 132 married couples who had received training in use of the symptothermal method of natural family planning (NFP). 61% of respondents were 20-30 years of age and over 2/3 had completed college; 59% were Catholic. The largest group of subjects (35%) became aware of NFP through friends, neighbors, and relatives. 71% said they were drawn to NFP because it represented a safe and healthy alternative to other methods of birth control; only 17% gave moral or religious reasons for learning about NFP. 42% of the sample were using NFP at the time of the survey, 32% had discontinued use, and 25% were using fertility awareness in conjunction with barrier methods (combination-continuers). There was a significant difference between these 3 groups in church attendance: 48% of combination-continuers and 67% of continuers compared with 41% of discontinuers attended church once a week or more. The combination-continuer group had more Catholics (50%) than the discontinuer group (37%) but less than the continuers (76%). No significant differences were found between the 3 groups in terms of age, education, or regularity of menstrual cycle length. Over 3/4 of continuers had been married for less than 5 years compared with about 1/2 of those in the 2 other groups. 69% of continuers believed that NFP is extremely effective compared to 13% of discontinuers and 40% of combination-continuers. Spouses encouraged each other in the use of NFP in 88% of combination-continuer couples and 86% of continuer couples, but only about half of discontinuers received such encouragement. Although most NFP advocates emphasize a nonsexual form of abstinence during the fertile period, the vast majority of respondents in this study defined abstinence to include the possibility of orgasm. Combination-continuers, positioned between continuers and discontinuers or both dissatisfaction with other methods and with abstinence, warrant more attention in future NFP research. PMID:4016658

Daly, K J; Herold, E S

1985-01-01

82

River Protection Project (RPP) Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Office of River Protection (ORP) Project Management Plan (PMP) for the River Protection Project (RPP) describes the process for developing and operating a Waste Treatment Complex (WTC) to clean up Hanford Site tank waste. The Plan describes the scope of the project, the institutional setting within which the project must be completed, and the management processes and structure planned for implementation. The Plan is written from the perspective of the ORP as the taxpayers' representative. The Hanford Site, in southeastern Washington State, has one of the largest concentrations of radioactive waste in the world, as a result of producing plutonium for national defense for more than 40 years. Approximately 53 million gallons of waste stored in 177 aging underground tanks represent major environmental, social, and political challenges for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). These challenges require numerous interfaces with state and federal environmental officials, Tribal Nations, stakeholders, Congress, and the US Department of Energy-Headquarters (DOE-HQ). The cleanup of the Site's tank waste is a national issue with the potential for environmental and economic impacts to the region and the nation.

NAVARRO, J.E.

2001-03-07

83

Pakistan: family planning expands in non-governmental organizations.  

PubMed

The Family Planning Association of Pakistan has begun a program of integration of family planning activities with other voluntary welfare agencies. 1 of the more successful projects has been in cooperation with the Family Welfare Cooperative Society of Lahore. Volunteers have provided facilities to very low-income women to help supplement income. At 1st it was knitting, embroidery, and cloth manufacture, but over several years it developed into a complex of several buildings with a comprehensive vocational training center, a showroom, schools for the children of mothers in training, a secretarial school, and a hostel for homeless women there. There is a medical unit, a full-time doctor, and family planning services. PMID:12260386

1977-01-01

84

NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project  

E-print Network

#12;NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX Upgrade Project Project Execution Plan i Record 10/12/2012 Update to WBS Level 2 Threshold (top of page 20), Change DOE Federal Project Director and Deputy Federal Project Director. Various OBS changes. #12;NSTX Upgrade Project Execution Plan NSTX

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

85

Iran's revolutionary approach to family planning.  

PubMed

This article presents Iran's revolutionary approach to family planning. In 1967, the "Tehran Declaration" acknowledged family planning as a human right promoting the social and economic welfare of families and society; however, this program was dismantled after the Revolution. After the war with Iraq in 1988, the government realized that rapid population growth was a hindrance to development and subsequently called for the establishment of a national family planning program. In December 1989, the revived family planning program was inaugurated with three major goals: 1) encourage spacing of 3-4 years between pregnancies; 2) discourage pregnancies among women aged under 18 and over 35 years; and 3) limit family size to 3 children. In May 1993, a law was passed that included disincentive penalties for couples who had more than 3 children. According to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (1989-97), there was an increased use of contraceptives among married women, and the total fertility rate (TFR) dropped from 5.2 to 2.6 children. Moreover, Iran's 1996 census showed a total population of 60.6 million with an average annual growth rate of 1.5% over the previous 5-year period. Iran's success in bringing about a decline in its TFR has been helped by the integration of family planning and primary health care and the involvement of various segments of society. PMID:12322212

Roudi, F

1999-01-01

86

Domestic, international family planning programs at risk.  

PubMed

The US government has subsidized family planning services domestically and abroad for three decades. For most of that period, the support has been provided with the broad-based backing of both US lawmakers and the general public. However, recent polling indicates that public support for family planning programs remains strong, but not necessarily among legislators. Since Republicans gained control of the US House of Representatives in 1995, a well-organized opposition to government-subsidized family planning has developed. The House leadership has launched attacks to defund and abolish Title X, the core domestic family planning program, and the US Agency for International Development's (USAID) population assistance program. Although these attempts failed, a parallel strategy is being pursued to raise anxieties about the programs and chip away at members' support for them. Family planning supporters in Congress and the White House are on the defensive. Rather than fighting for funding increases and new program initiatives, family planning advocates have been forced to try to just hold their ground. Even though they rest intact, Title X and USAID funding has suffered and the programs' base of congressional support has been seriously compromised. With the current Republican domination of the House, Title X and USAID face an uncertain future. PMID:12321447

Turnbull, W; Kaeser, L

1998-02-01

87

A Small Library in Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated listing of books is intended as a reference for anyone seeking an authoritative introduction to population and family planning information, as a world, family, or individual concern. For each entry, the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is provided if available. The number preceding each reference represents the…

Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc., New York, NY.

88

Readability Levels of Individualized Family Service Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study examined the readability levels of Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSPs). The readability of 85 de-identified IFSP documents developed by seven agencies that serve families and children enrolled in a county early intervention program was analyzed using Flesch Kincaid grade levels and Flesch reading ease scores. The…

Pizur-Barnekow, Kris; Patrick, Timothy; Rhyner, Paula M.; Folk, Lillian; Anderson, Kara

2010-01-01

89

Project Execution Plan, Rev. 3  

SciTech Connect

This plan addresses project activities encompassed by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office, Environmental Restoration Division and conforms to the requirements contained in the Life-Cycle Asset Management, DOE Order 430.1A; The Joint Program Office Policy on Project Management in Support of DOE Order 430.1; Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE Order 413.3; the Project Execution and Engineering Management Planning Guide, GPG-FM-010; and other applicable Good Practice Guides; and the FY 2001 Integrated Planning, Accountability, and Budgeting System Policy Guidance. The plan also reflects the milestone philosophies of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, as agreed to by the State of Nevada, the DOE, and the U.S. Department of Defense; and traditional project management philosophies such as the development of life-cycle costs, schedules, and work scope; identification o f roles and responsibilities; and baseline management and controls.

IT Corporation, Las Vegas

2002-08-01

90

[The third medical Rwandan colloquium on the national family planning program].  

PubMed

The 3rd medical colloquium in Rwanda held in Kigali in 1989 was organized jointly by the Ministry of Health and the National Office on Population (ONAPO) to promote use of family planning and to study the process of integrating family planning into basic health services. Objectives of the colloquium included identifying obstacles to family planning use, developing strategies for rational use of health resources so as to offer high quality family planning services, mobilizing health personnel to combat misinformation about family planning, and promoting methods of contraception that are still not frequently used. Over the 3 days of the colloquium there were presentations on Rwanda's family planning policy, the current status of integration of family planning into the health system, and the program of social mobilization and results of a pilot project using community promoters in 2 communes of Ruhengeri. The colloquium among other suggestions recommended that a committee be created to coordinate government and other family planning activities. Areas with particularly strong negative propaganda against modern family planning methods should be identified and should receive intensive family planning education and promotion. Adequate records should be kept of family planning activities. A survey of family planning clients should be undertaken to identify what changes would increase client satisfaction. To combat misinformation, personnel at all levels should continue and intensify provision of objective information, and the Ministry of Health and ONAPO should develop a mechanism for quality control of contraceptives. Efforts to inform the population of different contraceptive methods should be intensified. PMID:12316203

Muhawenimana, A

1989-12-01

91

Project Execution Plan  

SciTech Connect

Created in 1989 to address over 50 years of environmental liabilities arising out of nuclear weapons production and testing in the United States since World War II, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Environmental Management (EM) Programs decade-long effort to reduce the costs of those environmental liabilities, collectively known as DOE's ''environmental mortgage,'' includes past as well as future cleanup costs associated with environmental contamination, hazardous and radioactive materials and wastes, contaminated buildings and facilities, and their associated risks. Tasked with the bulk of these cleanup efforts, the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office's (DOE/NV's), Nevada Environmental Restoration Project (NV ERP) is attempting to complete applicable corrective actions at inactive contaminated sites and facilities managed by DOE/NV, while at the same time protecting human health and the environment. Regulated under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, the objectives of the NV ERP are to identify the nature and extent of the contamination, determine its potential risk to the public and the environment, and to perform the necessary corrective actions in compliance with this and other state and federal regulations, guidelines, and requirements. Associated with this vast effort are approximately 2,000 sites both on and off of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) that were used primarily for nuclear testing and are addressed in the NV ERP. This includes sites that were underground areas where tests were actually conducted, contaminated surface soils resulting from aboveground testing activities, and sites that supported other related testing hardware paraphenalia and/or NTS real estate properties (e.g., underground storage tanks, leachfields, landfills, contaminated waste areas, injection wells, muckpiles, and ponds). To assist in this effort, a NV ERP Team was assembled which is composed of organizations from both the public and private sectors. The strategy to be employed for environmental restoration is based on commonality of work and the DOE EM Program's vision to remediate the contaminated sites on a project-specific, site-by-site basis over an approximate ten-year period to be completed by the year 2006.

DOE /NV

1999-03-22

92

Virginians tune-in to family planning.  

PubMed

Virginia Bureau of Family Planning initiated an information program aimed at the state's diverse geography which reflects its many cultures using television public service announcements (PSAs). 4 PSAs were produced: economic consideration of family planning, eligibility requirements for services, and 2 general presentations. Following success of these spots, radio spots were developed geared to specific target audiences. These spots built a framework for outreach workers who independently operate clinics in the 39 Virginia health districts. Even though highly regionalized, the Bureau maintains close contact with each district and directs feedback sessions where common problems and experiences are discussed. The Bureau also began a bimonthly newsletter in 1975 which keeps 3000 subscribers abreast of family planning activities. These information dissemination efforts have paid off: Virginia hospitals are required to provide family planning literature to all maternity patients. And Virginia has the nation's 1st ongoing statewide, publicly run voluntary sterilization program, servicing 1000 patients free of charge during the 1st year of operation. The Bureau operates on an annual budget of $5.3 million in state funds as well as HEW Title 5, 10, and 20 family planning funding. PMID:12277857

1977-01-01

93

The Great Family Cookbook Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some families pass down cookbooks across generations, often giving them the same importance as a piece of heirloom jewelry or a well-worn piece of furniture. As with many things, the family cookbook can now be passed down electronically, and websites like this one can be of great help in this type of endeavor. When creating a family cookbook using this site, it requires a modest fee, but visitors are most welcome to search through recipes submitted by hundreds of families for their own use. Here you will find such gems as peanut butter cookies from the Wilhalm family, walnut-crusted stuffed chicken breasts from the Sheerin family, and spicy hush puppies from the Marley clan. Of course, epicureans should also feel free to use the helpful search engine here to look for recipes for everything from appetizers to tasty desserts.

94

Career and Family Plans of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors which mediate the life decisions of college men and women were examined. Undergraduates (N=107) completed questionnaires about career and family plans, notions of success and failure, integration of two potentially conflicting roles, and the relationship between personal values, life goals, and choices. Results indicated that: (1) women…

Goff, Susan B.

95

Current Literature in Family Planning, Number 54.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a monthly classified review of literature, this annotated bibliography offers a selection of books and articles recently received by the Katharine Dexter McCormick Library relative to family planning in the United States. Divided into two parts, the first contains book reviews from a variety of sources. They cover the subjects fund raising,…

Planned Parenthood--World Population, New York, NY. Katherine Dexter McCormick Library.

96

New Directions in Family Planning Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from two research studies in Newfoundland, Canada are summarized. The first study examined divorced persons and their family patterns. It was found that numbers and timing of children did not affect marital stability, and neither did whether children were born before or during the current marriage. But whether the children were planned had a…

Johnson, Frank C.; Johnson, May R.

97

Nursing 572: Principles of Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description is provided of "Principles of Family Planning," a course designed for graduate nursing students or practicing nurses seeking continuing education credit. The first sections of the course description provide a rationale for the course, information on its curricular placement, scheduling information, and statements of long-range and…

Newton, Marsha

98

Men and Family Planning in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Having followed a pronatalist policy during the first decade of its life, the Islamic Republic of Iran adopted a frankly antinatalist policy with specific demographic and health objectives in 1989. The official Family Planning Programme reintroduced since then has proven exceptionally effective by international standards. By 1997, when the last nation-wide KAP survey was conducted, contraceptive prevalence rate had risen

Amir H. Mehryar; F. Mostafavi; Homa Agha

99

A call for a family planning surge.  

PubMed

In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo, Egypt, laid out in its Programme of Action an impressive and ambitious set of goals for improving sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) all over the world, by the target date of 2015 (International Conference on Population and Development 1994). One of these goals was the provision of universal access to a full range of safe and reliable family-planning methods. However, notwithstanding increases in budgets for family planning during the years following the ICPD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), there has been an alarming neglect from the international community for the topic since the year 2000. As a result, the progress made during the second half of the nineties slowed down considerably between 2000 and 2010; in a sense, one could say that ten years were almost wasted! This is astonishing, the more since meeting the need for family planning would have beneficial impacts on public health, environmental sustainability and social and economic development. In this paper, we explore these impacts and urge for a strong renewed commitment of the global community in the form of a global family planning decade. PMID:24753885

Temmerman, M; Van Braeckel, D; Degomme, O

2012-01-01

100

A call for a family planning surge  

PubMed Central

In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo, Egypt, laid out in its Programme of Action an impressive and ambitious set of goals for improving sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) all over the world, by the target date of 2015 (International Conference on Population and Development 1994). One of these goals was the provision of universal access to a full range of safe and reliable family-planning methods. However, notwithstanding increases in budgets for family planning during the years following the ICPD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), there has been an alarming neglect from the international community for the topic since the year 2000. As a result, the progress made during the second half of the nineties slowed down considerably between 2000 and 2010; in a sense, one could say that ten years were almost wasted! This is astonishing, the more since meeting the need for family planning would have beneficial impacts on public health, environmental sustainability and social and economic development. In this paper, we explore these impacts and urge for a strong renewed commitment of the global community in the form of a global family planning decade. PMID:24753885

Temmerman, M.; Van Braeckel, D.; Degomme, O.

2012-01-01

101

Teenagers, young people and family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family planning was for a long time prohibited in Romania. This has reduced the demand for contraceptives. Even though contraceptives were made accessible and their use promoted since the beginning of December 1989, abortion has still been the preferred form of fertility regulation, as the people of Romania are unaware of the advantages of contraception. The purpose of the present

R Alexandrescu; E Tuchendria

1999-01-01

102

Hispanic Immigrant Women Talk About Family Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to discover what can improve family planning services for recently immigrated Hispanic women and to foster cultural competence among health care providers in this arena, the authors conducted four focus groups of recently immigrated Hispanic women in a medium-sized Midwestern community. The focus group discussions covered such topics as health care, knowledge of birth control, domestic life,

Marjorie R. Sable; Kirsten Havig; Lisa R. Schwartz; Andrea Shaw

2009-01-01

103

SNF Project Engineering Process Improvement Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan documents the SNF Project activities and plans to support its engineering process. It describes five SNF Project Engineering initiatives: new engineering procedures, qualification cards process; configuration management, engineering self assessments, and integrated schedule for engineering activities.

DESAI, S.P.

2000-02-09

104

Islam and family planning: changing perceptions of health care providers and medical faculty in Pakistan  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT A USAID-sponsored family planning project called “FALAH” (Family Advancement for Life and Health), implemented in 20 districts of Pakistan, aimed to lower unmet need for family planning by improving access to services. To enhance the quality of care offered by the public health system, the FALAH project trained 10,534 facility-based health care providers, managers, and medical college faculty members to offer client-centered family planning services, which included a module to explain the Islamic viewpoint on family planning developed through an iterative process involving religious scholars and public health experts. At the end of the FALAH project, we conducted a situation analysis of health facilities including interviews with providers to measure family planning knowledge of trained and untrained providers; interviewed faculty to obtain their feedback about the training module; and measured changes in women's contraceptive use through baseline and endline surveys. Trained providers had a better understanding of family planning concepts than untrained providers. In addition, discussions with trained providers indicated that the training module on Islam and family planning helped them to become advocates for family planning. Faculty indicated that the module enhanced their confidence about the topic of family planning and Islam, making it easier to introduce and discuss the issue with their students. Over the 3.5-year project period, which included several components in addition to the training activity, we found an overall increase of 9 percentage points in contraceptive prevalence in the project implementation districts—from 29% to 38%. The Islam and family planning module has now been included in the teaching program of major public-sector medical universities and the Regional Training Institutes of the Population Welfare Department. Other countries with sizeable Muslim populations and low contraceptive prevalence could benefit from this module. PMID:25276535

Mir, Ali Mohammad; Shaikh, Gul Rashida

2013-01-01

105

Your Family Spending Plan 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Your Family Spending Plan  

E-print Network

Your Family Spending Plan 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Your Family Spending Plan Almost the problem. Most people must get along on what they have. Whether a family has a lot of money or just before the money disappears in unexpected ways. A spending plan can help a family: · identify available

106

Spousal veto over family planning services.  

PubMed Central

In many countries a spouse, usually the husband, can veto a partner's use of family planning services. Where spousal veto acts as a barrier to family planning services it represents a serious threat to the lives and health of women and children. Removal of spousal authorization requirements has been shown to increase the use of family planning services. The Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia, for example, removed their requirement in 1982 and clinic utilization increased by 26 per cent within a few months. Courts of several countries have held that spousal veto practices violate principles of personal privacy and autonomy and the right to health care. The effect of such judgements has been to reinforce rights to sexual nondiscrimination found, for example, in national constitutions and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. This article discusses the nature and application of spousal veto practices, explains how such requirements can violate certain human rights, and explores possible remedies to this problem, including ministerial, legislative, and judicial initiatives. PMID:3812842

Cook, R J; Maine, D

1987-01-01

107

Documentation of the Family Shelter Care Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document describes the Family Shelter Care (FSC) Project, a program which provides emergency and short term shelter care for troubled Indian youths (7 to 18 year old abused, dependent, and neglected, in need of supervision, and delinquent children) on five Indian reservations in South Dakota. Sections address the following project components:…

Mountain Plains Youth Service Coalition, Pierre, SD.

108

A Multicultural Family Project for Primary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that teachers can work with children's families to study likenesses and differences in their respective cultures. Details a class project for 7- to 8-year-olds whereby children start with self-portraits and construct masks of their faces. Provides sample mask project timeline and steps for making masks out of paper molds and a…

Gutwirth, Valerie

1997-01-01

109

China's first family planning publicity month.  

PubMed

China conducted its 1st nationwide Family Planning Publicity Month in 1983, from New Year's Day to Spring Festival (February 13). The campaign emphasized the rural areas and focused on explaining why family planning is a state policy. The most noticeable achievements of this campaign were that every household became familiar with the fact that family planning is a basic state policy. The majority of the population take this policy seriously, realizing that strict control of population growth is both a good and imperative policy. More than 1,830,000 propaganda columns and photo exhibitions were displayed, 5,900,000 radio and television programs broadcast, 2,010,000 theatrical performances, movie and slide showings presented, and 97,000,000 copies of materials published for public dissemination. The activities were varied and interesting, vivid and lively, and purposeful and persuasive. 1 of the most effective methods of publicizing population control has been the presentation of comparative statistics. This aspect of the campaign was a specific and lively form of education in population theory and practice. The presentation of statistics that show the relationship among population, land use, grain produce, and income enabled the population to reason out why population growth needs to match economic and social development. Another important accomplishment of the publicity month was that a large number of couples of reproductive age became convinced of the need to use contraception. According to the incomplete statistics, 8,860,000 people had surgical operations for birth control. The universal promotion of ligations by either partner of a reproductive couple who already had given birth to a 2nd child was an important development of family planning technique promoted simultaneously with the promotion of IUDs. The increase in the number of people doing family planning work was another achievement of the publicity month. More than 15,240,000 publicity personnel and 760,000 medical personnel were trained. The enthusiasm of the Party and the people contributed to the success of the publicity month. The success of the publicity month is inseparable from the achievements and experience gained through China's longterm pursuit of family planning. PMID:12312452

Shen, G

1983-05-01

110

Family Literacy Research Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study surveyed adults with literacy problems and evaluated the Parents-as-Partners-as-Learners project. Eighty English-speaking adults in the eastern townships of Quebec, Canada, were interviewed concerning their literacy problems. Results indicated that health and social problems were identified by the adults as the major impediment to…

Fear, Marion J.

111

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site Environmental Protection Plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of the individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans.

Frazier, T.P.

1994-10-20

112

Current state of family planning in Japan.  

PubMed

This paper summarizes the findings of the 19th National Survey on Family Planning, conducted in June 1988, covering 3400 married women under 50 years of age. The survey was carried out by the Population Problems Research Council of the Mainichi Newspapers in cooperation with the Japan Federation of Family Planning, the Japan Family Planning Association, and the Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning. The ideal number of children a couple wishes to have began to go down with the occurrence of the global oil crisis in 1973. Since 1979, 2 children have ranked 1st in preference. Younger and urban mothers had a stronger preference for 2 children than older or rural mothers. More than half, or 56.3% of the respondents, are currently practicing contraception. These rates are not as high as those of European or American women. 39.1% of the contraceptors began practicing contraception after the birth of their 2nd child. In 1986, the number of abortions was .52 million, less than half the number of abortions at their peak in 1955. 30% of the respondents have had at least 1 abortion. Findings suggest that under the current situation, where sufficient information and knowledge of contraception is present, many married women are against abortion in cases of contraceptive failure, while they are sympathetic to abortions due to straitened circumstances. Many people no longer seem to have as strong feeling of obligation towards the aging as before. They expect more support from the government. 74.6% of the mothers thought that schools needed to provide sex education, including contraceptive methods. Only 6.4% responded negatively. More than 70% feel that sex education should start in junior high school. A slightly higher percentage of younger mothers have breastfed their children than did older mothers. PMID:12282144

Ozaki, M

1989-07-01

113

Health services and the family planning component.  

PubMed

This is a composite article made up of statements from journals and reports of Americans who have visited China in the 1977-79 period. Observers comment on the health delivery system in China. It is remarkable that, without expensive technology, complex health facilities, and highly trained personnel, China has been able to reduce its death rate substantially in recent years. Reduction of the infant and child mortality rates has encouraged people to practice family planning with assurance that their children will survive to adulthood. The following 2 factors have been responsible for the improvements in the Chinese health delivery system: 1) use of barefoot doctors and other health outreach personnel working at the community level; and 2) use of a combination of traditional Chinese medicine, e.g., acupuncture and herbal medicines, with techniques imported from the West, e.g., X-ray and modern drugs. Often Western methods are used for diagnosis and traditional medicines for treatment. Research into the method of action of traditional medicines is ongoing. Family planning is seen at every level of health service provision. Barefoot doctors actually bring contraceptives to the people at their homes or work places. Family planning services and supplies are free. Provision of supplies is accomplished by minimally trained personnel with referral to more trained people available when necessary. PMID:12261798

Epstein, S G; Chen, P C; Grant, J P; Duke, R C; Guttmacher, L; Oakley, D

1980-03-01

114

Tay Sachs and Related Storage Diseases: Family Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on interviews with 24 families, the article discusses family planning and the choices available to those families in which a child has previously died from Tay-Sachs or related lipid storage diseases. (IM)

Schneiderman, Gerald; And Others

1978-01-01

115

Project Management Plan for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PMP) describes the approach being used to manage the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The plan describes the management structure and the technical and administrative control systems used to plan and control HEDR Project performance. The plan also describes the relationship among key project participants: Battelle, the Centers for Disease control (CDC), and the Technical Steering Panel (TSP). Battelle`s contract with CDC only extends through May 1994 when the key technical work will be completed. There-fore, this plan is focused only on the period during which Battelle is a participant.

Shipler, D.B.; McMakin, A.H.; Finch, S.M.

1992-09-01

116

Project Management Plan for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PMP) describes the approach being used to manage the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The plan describes the management structure and the technical and administrative control systems used to plan and control HEDR Project performance. The plan also describes the relationship among key project participants: Battelle, the Centers for Disease control (CDC), and the Technical Steering Panel (TSP). Battelle's contract with CDC only extends through May 1994 when the key technical work will be completed. There-fore, this plan is focused only on the period during which Battelle is a participant.

Shipler, D.B.; McMakin, A.H.; Finch, S.M.

1992-09-01

117

Bibliography of Family Planning and Population, Volume 1 Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiled from the world's research literature, this bi-monthly classified list of references on population and family planning emphasizes recently published material, primarily journal literature. Topics covered include: population and fertility; reproductive behaviour; the family; education in population, family planning, and sex; family

Linzell, Dinah, Comp.

118

Project Plan Remote Target Fabrication Refurbishment Project  

SciTech Connect

In early FY2009, the DOE Office of Science - Nuclear Physics Program reinstated a program for continued production of {sup 252}Cf and other transcurium isotopes at the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center (REDC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The FY2009 major elements of the workscope are as follows: (1) Recovery and processing of seven transuranium element targets undergoing irradiation at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at ORNL; (2) Development of a plan to manufacture new targets for irradiation beginning in early- to mid-FY10 to supply irradiated targets for processing Campaign 75 (TRU75); and (3) Refurbishment of the target manufacturing equipment to allow new target manufacture in early FY10 The {sup 252}Cf product from processing Campaign 74 (recently processed and currently shipping to customers) is expected to supply the domestic demands for a period of approximately two years. Therefore it is essential that new targets be introduced for irradiation by the second quarter of FY10 (HFIR cycle 427) to maintain supply of {sup 252}Cf; the average irradiation period is {approx}10 HFIR cycles, requiring about 1.5 calendar years. The strategy for continued production of {sup 252}Cf depends upon repairing and refurbishing the existing pellet and target fabrication equipment for one additional target production campaign. This equipment dates from the mid-1960s to the late 1980s, and during the last target fabrication campaign in 2005- 2006, a number of component failures and operations difficulties were encountered. It is expected that following the target fabrication and acceptance testing of the targets that will supply material for processing Campaign 75 a comprehensive upgrade and replacement of the remote hot-cell equipment will be required prior to subsequent campaigns. Such a major refit could start in early FY 2011 and would take about 2 years to complete. Scope and cost estimates for the repairs described herein were developed, and authorization for the work was received in July 2009 under the Remote Target Fabrication Refurbishment Task of the Enhanced Utilization of Isotope Facilities project (Project Identification Code 2005230) funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The goal of this project is to recover the capability to produce 4-5 curium targets for the irradiation period starting with HFIR cycle 427, currently scheduled to begin 2/17/10. Assuming success, the equipment would then be used to fabricate 6-7 additional targets to hold for the next irradiation campaign specified by the program. Specific objectives are the return to functionality of the Cubicle 3 Pellet Fabrication Line; Cubicle 2 Target Assembly equipment; and Cubicle 1 Target Inspection and Final Assembly system.

Bell, Gary L [ORNL; Taylor, Robin D [ORNL

2009-08-01

119

Indonesia's family planning story: success and challenge.  

PubMed

A historical overview and descriptions of family planning programs in Indonesia are presented. 85 million of the 135 million inhabitants of the Indonesian archipelago are concentrated on the island of Java, which comprises about 7% of the Indonesian land mass. The Dutch colonial government preferred a policy ("transmigration") which advocated the redistribution of population from Java to the other islands to relieve overpopulation. This policy was also advocated by President Sukarno after the Indonesian Revolution of 1940. The need for family planning was recognized by small groups, and official policy supported national family planning programs to replace transmigration programs only after Sukarno became president in 1966. The focus of the program was on Java and Bali, the 2 most populous islands. Local clinics became the locus for birth control efforts. Fieldworkers affiliated with the clinics were given the job of advocating birth control use door-to-door. Fieldworkers "incentive programs," area "target" (quota) programs, and "special drives" were organized to create new contraceptive "acceptors." A data reporting system and a research program increase the effectiveness of the family planning drive by ascertaining trends in contraceptive use which can determine where and how money and effort can best be applied. "Village Contraception Distribution Centers" bring the contraceptive means closer to the people than do the clinics. Figures from the years 1969-1977 show the great increase in acceptance of contraceptives by the inhabitants of the Java-Bali area. Steps are now being taken to alleviate the large monthly variations in the number of (often temporary) acceptors caused by the "target programs" and "special drives." The average acceptor is 27-years-old, has 2.6 children, has not finished primary school, and has a husband of low social status. Bali has shown the greatest success in family planning. It is a small island with a highly developed system of local clinics. The strong community structures on Bali encourage birth control use. Bali, which is predominantly Hindi, is more receptive to the IUD than Java, which is predominantly Muslim. In East Java, the authoritarian bureaucracy makes efficient use of its money. Central Java is making slow but steady progress in family planning. In West Java, fieldworkers are teamed with paramedics; there, door-to-door contraceptive supply was more effective than the clinic system. In many areas traditional methods, i.e., herbs, massage, total abstinence for long periods of time, etc., were favored. More educated women often do not use contraceptives for fear of side effects. The need for family planning on the outer Indonesian islands is not as great, but programs are being set under way. These programs are the beginning of an attempt to alleviate problems that could be encountered if Indonesia's population growth continues unchecked. PMID:12260296

Hull, T H; Hull, V J; Singarimbun, M

1977-11-01

120

Early Owner Planning Leads to Project Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the vast majority of building projects, decisions made in the first 10 percent of project activity directly determine 90 percent of the final cost and schedule. When a project is poorly planned, project costs can expand beyond estimates by as much as 50 percent. Since the owner's rate of spending increases as a building project proceeds,…

Gainsboro, Dan

2006-01-01

121

Fast flux test facility, transition project plan  

SciTech Connect

The FFTF Transition Project Plan, Revision 1, provides changes and project baseline for the deactivation activities necessary to transition the FFTF to a radiologically and industrially safe shutdown condition.

Guttenberg, S.

1994-11-15

122

Family Planning Regulations, 2 November 1988.  

PubMed

These Regulations provide the following: 1) women who give birth at a mature age are to be given one month's salary as a bonus or 30 additional days maternity leave; 2) cadres and staff who have a nonagricultural residence who give birth to a second child are required to pay the social expenses for raising the children and their monthly remuneration is to be reduced; and 3) women of child-bearing age who intend to work in Tianjin Province, China, are required to register with the relevant family planning authorities in Tianjin. PMID:12289689

1988-01-01

123

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the Facility Monitoring Plans of the overall site-wide environmental monitoring plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans. This document is intended to be a basic road map to the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan documents (i.e., the guidance document for preparing Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan determinations, management plan, and Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans). The implementing procedures, plans, and instructions are appropriate for the control of effluent monitoring plans requiring compliance with US Department of Energy, US Environmental Protection Agency, state, and local requirements. This Quality Assurance Project Plan contains a matrix of organizational responsibilities, procedural resources from facility or site manuals used in the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, and a list of the analytes of interest and analytical methods for each facility preparing a Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan. 44 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs.

Nickels, J.M.

1991-06-01

124

33 CFR 385.24 - Project Management Plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Project Management Plans. 385.24 Section...PLAN CERP Implementation Processes § 385.24 Project Management Plans. (a) General requirements...agencies, develop a Project Management Plan prior to initiating...

2012-07-01

125

33 CFR 385.24 - Project Management Plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Project Management Plans. 385.24 Section...PLAN CERP Implementation Processes § 385.24 Project Management Plans. (a) General requirements...agencies, develop a Project Management Plan prior to initiating...

2010-07-01

126

33 CFR 385.24 - Project Management Plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Project Management Plans. 385.24 Section...PLAN CERP Implementation Processes § 385.24 Project Management Plans. (a) General requirements...agencies, develop a Project Management Plan prior to initiating...

2013-07-01

127

33 CFR 385.24 - Project Management Plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Project Management Plans. 385.24 Section...PLAN CERP Implementation Processes § 385.24 Project Management Plans. (a) General requirements...agencies, develop a Project Management Plan prior to initiating...

2011-07-01

128

33 CFR 385.24 - Project Management Plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Project Management Plans. 385.24 Section...PLAN CERP Implementation Processes § 385.24 Project Management Plans. (a) General requirements...agencies, develop a Project Management Plan prior to initiating...

2014-07-01

129

The CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project (hereafter referred to as the Columbia River Project). This is a follow-on project, funded by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company, LLC (CHPRC), to the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Columbia River Protection Project. The work scope consists of a number of CHPRC funded, related projects that are managed under a master project (project number 55109). All contract releases associated with the Fluor Hanford Columbia River Project (Fluor Hanford, Inc. Contract 27647) and the CHPRC Columbia River Project (Contract 36402) will be collected under this master project. Each project within the master project is authorized by a CHPRC contract release that contains the project-specific statement of work. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Columbia River Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-11-30

130

A Profile of Succession Planning among Family Business Owners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 1997 National Family Business Survey, this study analyzed 673 family- owned businesses. Consistent with other studies, the findings indicated that only 20 percent had a written succession plan. Among 673 family business owners, only about 14% developed a net worth statement and 13% met with a financial planner or business consultant to discuss estate planning. Those

Yoon G. Lee; Cynthia R. Jasper; Karen P. Goebel

131

RIVER PROTECTION PROJECT SYSTEM PLAN  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of River Protection (ORP) manages the River Protection Project (RPP). The RPP mission is to retrieve and treat Hanford's tank waste and close the tank farms to protect the Columbia River. As a result, the ORP is responsible for the retrieval, treatment, and disposal of the approximately 57 million gallons of radioactive waste contained in the Hanford Site waste tanks and closure of all the tanks and associated facilities. The previous revision of the System Plan was issued in September 2003. ORP has approved a number of changes to the tank waste treatment strategy and plans since the last revision of this document, and additional changes are under consideration. The ORP has established contracts to implement this strategy to establish a basic capability to complete the overall mission. The current strategy for completion of the mission uses a number of interrelated activities. The ORP will reduce risk to the environment posed by tank wastes by: (1) Retrieving the waste from the single-shell tanks (SST) to double-shell tanks (DST) for treatment and disposal; (2) Constructing and operating the WTP, which will safely treat all of the high-level waste (HLW) and about half of the low-activity waste (LAW) contained in the tank farms, and maximizing its capability and capacity; (3) Developing and deploying supplemental treatment capability or a second WTP LAW Facility that can safely treat about half of the LAW contained in the tank farms; (4) Developing and deploying treatment and packaging capability for transuranic (TRU) tank waste for shipment to and disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP); (5) Deploying interim storage capacity for the immobilized HLW and shipping that waste to Yucca Mountain for disposal; (6) Operating the Integrated Disposal Facility for the disposal of immobilized LAW, along with the associated secondary waste, (7) Closing the SST and DST tank farms, ancillary facilities, and al1 waste management and treatment facilities, (8) Developing and implementing technical solutions to mitigate the impact from substantial1y increased estimates of Na added during the pretreatment of the tank waste solids, This involves a combination of: (1) refining or modifying the flowsheet to reduce the required amount of additional sodium, (2) increasing the overall LAW vitrification capacity, (3) increasing the incorporation of sodium into the LAW glass, or (4) accepting an increase in mission duration, ORP has made and continues to make modifications to the WTP contract as needed to improve projected plant performance and address known or emerging risks, Key elements of the implementation of this strategy are included within the scope of the Tank Operations Contract, currently in procurement Since 2003, the ORP has conducted over 30 design oversight assessments of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The estimated cost at completion has increased and the schedule for construction and commissioning of the WTP has extended, The DOE, Office of Environmental Management (EM), sanctioned a comprehensive review of the WTP flowsheet, focusing on throughput. In 2005, the TFC completed interim stabilization of the SSTs and as of March 2007, has completed the retrieval of seven selected SSTs. Demonstration of supplemental treatment technologies continues. The ongoing tank waste retrieval experience, progress with supplemental treatment technologies, and changes in WTP schedule led to the FY 2007 TFC baseline submittal in November 2006. The TFC baseline submittal was developed before the WTP schedule was fully understood and approved by ORP, and therefore reflects an earlier start date for the WTP facilities. This System Plan is aligned with the current WTP schedule with hot commissioning beginning in 2018 and full operations beginning in 2019. Major decisions regarding the use of supplemental treatment and the associated technology, the ultimate needed capacity, and its relationship to the WTP have not yet been finalized. This System Plan assumes that the outcome of

CERTA PJ

2008-07-10

132

RIVER PROTECTION PROJECT SYSTEM PLAN  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of River Protection (ORP) manages the River Protection Project (RPP). The RPP mission is to retrieve and treat Hanford's tank waste and close the tank farms to protect the Columbia River. As a result, ORP is responsible for the retrieval, treatment, and disposal of approximately 57 million gallons 1 of radioactive waste contained in the Hanford Site waste tanks and closure2 of all the tanks and associated facilities. The previous revision of the System Plan was issued in May 2008. ORP has made a number of changes to the tank waste treatment strategy and plans since the last revision of this document, and additional changes are under consideration. ORP has contracts in place to implement the strategy for completion of the mission and establish the capability to complete the overall mission. The current strategl involves a number of interrelated activities. ORP will reduce risk to the environment posed by tank wastes by the following: (1) Retrieving the waste from the single-shell tanks (SST) to double-shell tanks (DST) and delivering the waste to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). (2) Constructing and operating the WTP, which will safely treat all of the high-level waste (HLW) fraction contained in the tank farms. About one-third of the low-activity waste (LAW) fraction separated from the HLW fraction in the WTP will be immobilized in the WTP LAW Vitrification Facility. (3) Developing and deploying supplemental treatment capability assumed to be a second LAW vitrification facility that can safely treat about two-thirds of the LAW contained in the tank farms. (4) Developing and deploying supplemental pretreatment capability currently assumed to be an Aluminum Removal Facility (ARF) using a lithium hydrotalcite process to mitigate sodium management issues. (5) Developing and deploying treatment and packaging capability for contact-handled transuranic (CH-TRU) tank waste for possible shipment to and disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in New Mexico. (6) Deploying interim storage capacity for the immobilized high-level waste (IHLW) pending determination of the final disposal pathway. (7) Closing the SST and DST tank farms, ancillary facilities, and all associated waste management and treatment facilities. (8) Optimizing the overall mission by resolution of technical and programmatic uncertainties, configuring the tank farms to provide a steady, well-balanced feed to the WTP, and performing trade-offs of the required amount and type of supplemental treatment and of the amount of HLW glass versus LAW glass. ORP has made and continues to make modifications to the WTP contract as needed to improve projected plant performance and address known or emerging risks. Key elements needed to implement the strategy described above are included within the scope of the Tank Operations Contract (TOC). Interim stabilization of the SSTs was completed in March 2004. As of April 2009, retrieval of seven SSTs has been completed and retrieval of four additional SSTs has been completed to the limits of technology. Demonstration of supplemental LAW treatment technologies has stopped temporarily pending revision of mission need requirements. Award of a new contract for tank operations (TOC), the ongoing tank waste retrieval experience, HLW disposal issues, and uncertainties in waste feed delivery and waste treatment led to the revision of the Performance Measurement Baseline (PM B), which is currently under review prior to approval. 6 This System Plan is aligned with the current WTP schedule, with hot commissioning beginning in 2018, and full operations beginning in late 2019. Major decisions regarding the use of supplemental treatment and the associated technology, the ultimate needed capacity, and its relationship to the WTP have not yet been finalized. This System Plan assumes that the outcome of these decisions will be to provide a second LAW vitrification facility. No final implementation decisions regarding supplemental technology can be made until the Tank Closure and

CERTA PJ; KIRKBRIDE RA; HOHL TM; EMPEY PA; WELLS MN

2009-09-15

133

Priority strategies for India's family planning programme  

PubMed Central

Strategies to accelerate progress of India's family planning programme are discussed and the importance of improving the quality and reach of services to address unmet contraceptive need by providing method choice is emphasized. Although there is a growing demand for both limiting and spacing births, female sterilisation, is the dominant method in the national programme and use of spacing methods remains very limited. Fertility decline has been slower in the empowered action group (EAG) States which contribute about 40 per cent of population growth to the country and also depict gloomy statistics for other socio-development indicators. It is, therefore, important to intensify efforts to reduce both fertility and mortality in these States. A rationale has been provided for implementing integrated programmes using a gender lens because the lack of women's autonomy in reproductive decision-making, compounded by poor male involvement in sexual and reproductive health matters, is a fundamental issue yet to be addressed. The need for collaboration between scientists developing contraceptive technologies and those implementing family planning services is underscored. If contraceptive technologies are developed with an understanding of the contexts in which they will be delivered and an appreciation of end-users’ needs and perspectives, they are more likely to be accepted by service providers and used by clients. PMID:25673535

Pachauri, Saroj

2014-01-01

134

Priority strategies for India's family planning programme.  

PubMed

Strategies to accelerate progress of India's family planning programme are discussed and the importance of improving the quality and reach of services to address unmet contraceptive need by providing method choice is emphasized. Although there is a growing demand for both limiting and spacing births, female sterilisation, is the dominant method in the national programme and use of spacing methods remains very limited. Fertility decline has been slower in the empowered action group (EAG) states which contribute about 40 per cent of population growth to the country and also depict gloomy statistics for other socio-development indicators. It is, therefore, important to intensify efforts to reduce both fertility and mortality in these states. arationale has been provided for implementing integrated programmes using a gender lens because the lack of women's autonomy in reproductive decision-making, compounded by poor male involvement in sexual and reproductive health matters, is a fundamental issue yet to be addressed. The need for collaboration between scientists developing contraceptive technologies and those implementing family planning services is underscored. If contraceptive technologies are developed with an understanding of the contexts in which they will be delivered and an appreciation of end-users' needs and perspectives, they are more likely to be accepted by service providers and used by clients. PMID:25673535

Pachauri, Saroj

2014-11-01

135

Improving the urban family planning programme.  

PubMed

This report presents the directives on improving urban family planning (FP) programs issued by various Chinese departments in March 1997. The departments included the State Family Planning Commission, State Economic and Trade Commission, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Personnel, Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Public Health, and the National Industrial and Commercial Administration. The directives related to time frame, objectives, management, local level operations, IEC, the floating population's needs, the responsibility system, and a well-trained staff. It was stated that urban FP improvements will take some time, due to expansion of urban population, the increase in floating population, and the demand for quality services. The guiding principles support Deng Xiaoping's theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics and balancing population with socioeconomic and sustainable development. The aim is to improve IEC and services and achieve low fertility as a way of creating favorable demographics for modernization. Leaders must be held responsible for the practice of FP in their unit. Subdistrict offices are a key link for managing FP in all units and neighborhood committees in their territory. Efforts need to be increased to spread IEC on population and FP and to reduce abortion. Every department registry should make an effort to provide comprehensive FP to floating populations. Urban centers should concentrate on improving the quality of FP services. Staff should be carefully chosen. PMID:12293432

1997-10-01

136

[Promoting family planning work in Xiaqidu township by establishing a family planning association in each village].  

PubMed

A family planning association was established in each village of Xiaqidu Township in Hunan Province, China in October 1986. The positive functions of each such association were so fully developed that family planning work reached new levels. For example, most villages are no longer experiencing early marriages or unplanned births. Some of the villages have established associations for individual work groups. The traditional method was for both township and village associations to rely upon the positive attitudes of officials to instill into fertile women Party policy, and to arouse their patriotism and initiative. By establishing family planning associations at the village level, however, the people can conduct their own affairs and educate themselves. Emphasis has been placed on attracting into the associations those who are of childbearing age, as well as older villagers of experience. The associations' raison d'etre was to serve the people. They did so through: propaganda (disseminating population theory, birth control and family planning information); helping the people overcome poverty, traditional thinking, and ignorance; assisting women with any problems and anxieties relating to child-bearing; delivering contraceptives to households; and providing the elderly with care and the young with education. PMID:12159303

Li, C

1987-07-01

137

Coverage and Costs of Family Planning Services in California  

E-print Network

a speci?c family planning policy such as teenage pregnanciesfamily planning speci?c example which applied the cost-effectiveness approach to coverage issues involves teenageteenage pregnancy at Kaiser. The need to perform formal cost analyses of family planning

Phair, Neva

1996-01-01

138

Couple Communication and Sexual Attitudes in Natural Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Natural family planning (NFP) refers to techniques for planning or preventing pregnancy by observation of natural signs of fertility. In using natural family planning to avoid pregnancy, there is abstinence from sexual intercourse during the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle. Social values which are incorporated into the method include couples…

Shivanandan, Mary; Borkman, Thomasina

139

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project surface project management plan  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan describes the planning, systems, and organization that shall be used to manage the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). US DOE is authorized to stabilize and control surface tailings and ground water contamination at 24 inactive uranium processing sites and associated vicinity properties containing uranium mill tailings and related residual radioactive materials.

Not Available

1994-09-01

140

UMTRA Project: Environment, Safety, and Health Plan  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has prepared this UMTRA Project Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) Plan to establish the policy, implementing requirements, and guidance for the UMTRA Project. The requirements and guidance identified in this plan are designed to provide technical direction to UMTRA Project contractors to assist in the development and implementation of their ES and H plans and programs for UMTRA Project work activities. Specific requirements set forth in this UMTRA Project ES and H Plan are intended to provide uniformity to the UMTRA Project`s ES and H programs for processing sites, disposal sites, and vicinity properties. In all cases, this UMTRA Project ES and H Plan is intended to be consistent with applicable standards and regulations and to provide guidance that is generic in nature and will allow for contractors` evaluation of site or contract-specific ES and H conditions. This plan specifies the basic ES and H requirements applicable to UMTRA Project ES and H programs and delineates responsibilities for carrying out this plan. DOE and contractor ES and H personnel are expected to exercise professional judgment and apply a graded approach when interpreting these guidelines, based on the risk of operations.

Not Available

1995-02-01

141

Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to describe the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) and establish an approved YMP baseline against which overall YMP progress and management effectiveness shall be measured. For the sake of brevity, this document will be referred to as the Project Plan throughout this document. This Project Plan only addresses activities up to the submittal of the repository license application (LA) to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). A new Project Plan will be submitted to establish the technical, cost, and schedule baselines for the final design and construction phase of development extending through the start of repository operations, assuming that the site is determined to be suitable.

Gertz, C.P.; Bartlett, J.

1992-01-01

142

Language, videos and family planning in the South Pacific.  

PubMed

In 1984, women in Fiji, Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Tonga wanted culture-specific, educational resources on sexuality, family planning, contraception, reproduction, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Family Planning Australia [FPA] found video to be the most appropriate means to present information on these topics, since video continues the story-telling tradition of the Pacific. Women worked with FPA to produce videos addressing these topics. They were filmed in Fiji, which has a broad cross-section of South Pacific people. FPA took into account women's concerns and cultural and religious sensitivities. The English language videos were Better Safe, a story about STDs, condom use, and male sexual responsibility; Taboo Talk, a documentary about women's attitudes on menstruation, sex education, and family planning; AIDS and the South Pacific, about AIDS transmission and prevention; a d Down There, an animated documentary on reproduction and contraceptive methods. A project evaluation revealed that the videos would have received wider acceptance had they been in local languages. Local men and women debated each work of a translation of the list of reproductive health terms, eventually resulting in 20 culturally and linguistically appropriate video translations. A cross section of national language speakers modified and improved the draft translation of the 4 scripts. This whole process resulted in incorporation of the 88 reproductive health terms into the Booklet of South Pacific Reproductive Health Words and Phrases. The project showed that Pacific women were able to compile a booklet of culturally and linguistically acceptable terms and to successfully translate the scripts of health videos. In conclusions, people tend to be more willing to accept sexuality information and frank and explicit material than is usually believed if they are allowed to determine the context in which they receive it. PMID:12318840

Winn, M; Lucas, D

1993-12-01

143

42 CFR 59.7 - What criteria will the Department of Health and Human Services use to decide which family...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount? 59.7...GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount?...

2011-10-01

144

42 CFR 59.7 - What criteria will the Department of Health and Human Services use to decide which family...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount? 59.7...GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount?...

2013-10-01

145

42 CFR 59.7 - What criteria will the Department of Health and Human Services use to decide which family...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount? 59.7...GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount?...

2012-10-01

146

42 CFR 59.7 - What criteria will the Department of Health and Human Services use to decide which family...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount? 59.7...GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount?...

2010-10-01

147

42 CFR 59.7 - What criteria will the Department of Health and Human Services use to decide which family...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount? 59.7...GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services...decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount?...

2014-10-01

148

Planning Digital Projects for Historical Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from the NYPL (last discussed in the May 15, 1999 Scout Report) consist of an overview of planning digital projects for historical collections and an example of just such a project. The site is aimed primarily at librarians and administrators who would like to promote the use of often under-accessed and difficult to classify collections of unique historical materials. The guide briefly discusses the NYPL's own digital projects, answers common questions regarding digital projects, and guides readers through the steps of planning and creating the project, including selecting, organizing, and presenting the materials. The conclusion also offers a number of useful links.

149

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN: CONNECTICUT WETLANDS STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's Wetland Research Program has supported a major effort to study wetlands mitigation projects in the field. he field studies were designed to 1) evaluate the project plans; 2) compare the projects with natural wetlands in the same land use setting; and 3) describe the develop...

150

FIRE Project Action Plan in Response to  

E-print Network

1 FIRE Project Action Plan in Response to Next Step Options Program Advisory Committee Report (PAC1 R1-1: The Committee recommends that the FIRE project review its mission statement with the goal. The project should review other mission statements from the Office of Science in order to understand better

151

Graduate Student Project: Operations Management Product Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An operations management product project is an effective instructional technique that fills a void in current operations management literature in product planning. More than 94.1% of 286 graduates favored the project as a learning tool, and results demonstrate the significant impact the project had in predicting student performance. The author…

Fish, Lynn

2007-01-01

152

7 CFR 1209.40 - Programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Programs, plans, and projects. 1209...1209.40 Programs, plans, and projects. ...evaluate, or on its own initiative develop, and submit...approval any program, plan, or project authorized...grade standards, supply management programs, or...

2010-01-01

153

Family planning: cultural and religious perspectives.  

PubMed

The world population explosion has caused political leaders to look upon national and regional birth control projects as vital. Support for regulation of individual fertility has been evident in all cultures, and at all times, even in those societies in which social and religious rules have favoured the abundant production of children. As the secularization of Western society and scientific enquiry gained momentum during the modern period, knowledge of reproduction increased and was applied to control human population growth. The various methods of contraception and their development through the years from the ancient ideas to the modern era are presented. Each approach to fertility control has its advantages and disadvantages. No one method is perfect for everyone, for every clinical setting, and in every culture. Higher levels of fertility have been associated with 'traditional', religious prohibitions on some forms of birth control, 'traditional' values about the importance of children and the priority of family, and 'traditional' family and gender roles reinforced by religion. The attitude of the main religious groups to contraceptive practice is discussed. PMID:8345093

Schenker, J G; Rabenou, V

1993-06-01

154

Conceptual Design Plan SM-43 Replacement Project  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory Conceptual Design Plan for the SM-43 Replacement Project outlines plans for replacing the SM-43 Administration Building. Topics include the reasons that replacement is considered a necessity; the roles of the various project sponsors; and descriptions of the proposed site and facilities. Also covered in this proposal is preliminary information on the project schedule, cost estimates, acquisition strategy, risk assessment, NEPA strategy, safety strategy, and safeguards and security. Spreadsheets provide further detail on space requirements, project schedules, and cost estimates.

University of California, Los Alamos National Laboratory, SCC Project Office

2000-11-01

155

The politics of family planning in the Maghrib.  

PubMed

This article uses a comparative case study approach to relate policy outcomes in terms of family planning to the patterns of political forces observed in the 3 Maghrib states of Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. It is suggested that official support for a strong family planning program may be linked to recognition of the problem of low labor absorption and to concrete steps taken to counter the problem. The article discusses different vantage points for approaching the political context of family planning and distinguishes between the use of family planning as an instrument of social policy and as an instrument of economic policy. Ideological reasons for opposition to or support of family planning are then outlined. The colonial experience of the 3 states is differentiated and a chronological account of their family planning programs is provided. The political systems and leadership of the 3 countries are separately discussed in greater detail, after which the influence of elite groups on family planning programs and activities in each country is assessed. Developments in the 3 countries since 1978 are then sketched. The author concludes that the relative importance of policies toward employment and women's status in connection with support for family planning has probably varied over time, with economics playing a greater role in the 1970s. The activities of non-regime political actors were found to be very significant in formulation of population policies in Algeria and Morocco but less so in Tunisia. PMID:12264495

Grosse, S D

1982-01-01

156

Developing a National Family Planning Primary Healthcare Research Program  

E-print Network

priorities for a programmatic community-based primary healthcare family planning research and researcher to improvements in equitable access to high quality family planning knowledge, services and methods, particularly methods studies (appended) to inform development of an innovative programmatic approach to research

157

The economics of family planning and underage conceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines whether improved access to family planning services for under 16 is likely to help in achieving the aim of reducing underage conceptions. A simple model of rational choice is introduced which suggests that family planning increases rates of underage sexual activity and has an ambiguous impact on underage conception and abortion rates. The model is tested on

David Paton

2002-01-01

158

SNF project engineering process improvement plan  

SciTech Connect

This Engineering Process Improvement Plan documents the activities and plans to be taken by the SNF Project to support its engineering process and to produce a consolidated set of engineering procedures that are fully compliant with the requirements of HNF-PRO-1819. All new procedures will be issued and implemented by September 30, 1999.

DESAI, S.P.

1999-07-13

159

Barriers to Effective Intercultural Communication in Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document addresses communication problems between Anglo-American family planning counselors and Latin-American clients. Cultural differences in attitudes toward family, work, and sexuality are examined. The extended family provides the Latin-American woman with positive self-identity and serves as a source of social relations; it also favors…

Alcalay, Rina; Caldiz, Laura

160

Family planning at heart of political debate.  

PubMed

In the US, the efforts of Chris Smith, a Republican member of the House of Representatives from New Jersey, have led to Congressional approval of two restrictions on US aid to foreign family planning (FP) programs. The first restriction prohibits the US from funding any organization that performs abortion with its own funds, even in countries where abortion is legal (except in cases of life endangerment, rape, or incest). The bill specifies that President Clinton can waive this prohibition only at a cost of $44 million to the already reduced FP funding. The second restriction prohibits US funding of any group that engages in abortion-related lobbying and is, in effect, a "gag rule" that would punish organizations for engaging in activities that would be protected in the US by the First Amendment of the Constitution. Clinton has threatened to veto the legislation even though this means that he will risk losing his ability to pay dues owed to the UN or to provide backing to the International Monetary Fund. Smith's actions reflect efforts to eliminate federal funding of domestic and international FP programs despite the fact that polls continually demonstrate the widespread approval of the US public for such programs. PMID:12348706

Kaeser, L

1998-09-01

161

House battles over UN family planning funds.  

PubMed

The House International Relations Subcommittee on Operations and Human Rights approved HR 1253 by voice vote on April 10, 1997. HR 1253 is a reauthorization of State Department programs for fiscal years 1998 and 1999. Republican anti-choice subcommittee chair Chris Smith inserted language which prohibits the State Department from funding the UNFPA, the UN family planning program. The restriction would only be lifted if President Clinton certifies that the UNFPA has ended all activities in China or that no government-coerced abortions have taken place in China during the previous 12 months. Since neither change is likely, the Smith provision would effectively bar the US from funding the UNFPA, even though the agency does not support abortion services. The State Department authorization was then taken up by the full House International Relations Committee as part of HR 1486, a bill which would reorganize foreign policy operations. By a 23-16 vote on May 6, the committee approved an amendment which deleted the Smith provision and instead stipulated that US funds cannot be used for UNFPA programs in China. Pro-choice representative Tom Campbell sponsored the amendment which deleted the Smith provision. President Clinton's proposed budget for fiscal year 1998 also includes the Campbell provision. PMID:12292412

1997-05-01

162

Directors' Planning Guide. Minority Business Enterprise Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use by individuals interested in organizing and planning entrepreneurial activities targeted for youth, this booklet suggests procedures, ideas, and resources for activities that can be sponsored on a limited budget; and addresses the programmatic concerns new project directors may face in getting their projects started. Introductory…

Burks, Irma P.; And Others

163

Project planning for EMS and SCADA systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A typical supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system or an energy management system (EMS) has an installed life of only 10 to 15 years. Because it can take five years or more to implement a new EMS or SCADA system, managing such projects is becoming a way of life for utilities. Project planning for EMS and SCADA systems is

Charles T. Lindeberg; Wayne R. Block

1993-01-01

164

ART/Ada design project, phase 1: Project plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The plan and schedule for Phase 1 of the Ada based ESBT Design Research Project is described. The main platform for the project is a DEC Ada compiler on VAX mini-computers and VAXstations running the Virtual Memory System (VMS) operating system. The Ada effort and lines of code are given in tabular form. A chart is given of the entire project life cycle.

Allen, Bradley P.

1988-01-01

165

National Security Technology Incubation Project Continuation Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document contains a project continuation plan for the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI). The plan was developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP) funded by a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. This continuation plan describes the current status of NSTI (staffing and clients), long-term goals, strategies, and long-term financial solvency goals.The Arrowhead Center of New Mexico State University (NMSU) is the operator and manager of the NSTI. To realize the NSTI, Arrowhead Center must meet several performance objectives related to planning, development, execution, evaluation, and sustainability. This continuation plan is critical to the success of NSTI in its mission of incubating businesses with security technology products and services.

None

2008-09-30

166

Space Planning And Design Course: Final Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project is from the space planning and design course taught by Michelle Mueller at Portland Community College. For their final project, students in the class were asked to conceptually remodel a 1920's era house into a modern studio and separate living quarters. This document includes an overview of the project which may be easily adapted to suit a similar course. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Mueller, Michelle

167

Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan (QAPP)  

SciTech Connect

The Project QAPP`s describe the program and the planned actions which WHC will implement to demonstrate and ensure that the project meets the requirements of DOE Order 5700.6C. The Project involves retrieving the high-heat waste from Tank 241-C-106 to close the safety issue associate with the tank, demonstrate initial waste retrieval technology for a Single Shell Tank, and provide feed for the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant.

Huston, J.J.

1994-11-01

168

Project Hanford management contract quality improvement project management plan  

SciTech Connect

On July 13, 1998, the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) Manager transmitted a letter to Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (FDH) describing several DOE-RL identified failed opportunities for FDH to improve the Quality Assurance (QA) Program and its implementation. In addition, DOE-RL identified specific Quality Program performance deficiencies. FDH was requested to establish a periodic reporting mechanism for the corrective action program. In a July 17, 1998 response to DOE-RL, FDH agreed with the DOE concerns and committed to perform a comprehensive review of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) QA Program during July and August, 1998. As a result, the Project Hanford Management Contract Quality Improvement Plan (QIP) (FDH-3508) was issued on October 21, 1998. The plan identified corrective actions based upon the results of an in-depth Quality Program Assessment. Immediately following the scheduled October 22, 1998, DOE Office of Enforcement and Investigation (EH-10) Enforcement Conference, FDH initiated efforts to effectively implement the QIP corrective actions. A Quality Improvement Project (QI Project) leadership team was assembled to prepare a Project Management Plan for this project. The management plan was specifically designed to engage a core team and the support of representatives from FDH and the major subcontractors (MSCs) to implement the QIP initiatives; identify, correct, and provide feedback as to the root cause for deficiency; and close out the corrective actions. The QI Project will manage and communicate progress of the process.

ADAMS, D.E.

1999-03-25

169

Africa's population and family planning dynamics.  

PubMed

The historical and current demography of Africa in this discussion focuses on the context of population policy, contraceptive use, reproductive behavior, polygamy, and economic impacts. Sub-Saharan Africa countries have the highest rate of population growth in the world. 50% are aged under 20 years, and 20% are aged under five years. Urban areas are growing at the fastest rates in the world (5-6% annually). Population density remains low, except for areas where there is high soil fertility. Many African countries recognize the need for population policies. The most important donor to Africa, the World Bank, has pressured African governments to adopt family planning (FP) programs. A major World Bank study has shown that more FP services are desired by African women. Family expenditures for the 1980s for FP were estimated at $100 million annually, of which $53 million was provided by donors. Further expansion in the program is needed. The World Bank targeted contraceptive use at 25% of African married couples. Except for Egypt and North African countries, contraceptive use is around 3-4%. Another perspective on population reduction is to expand programs for child spacing and postnatal nutrition of mothers and infants. There has been a failure to turn health systems around to low-cost preventive health, particularly in rural areas. Infant mortality must be reduced before fertility will decline. Population growth can be slowed by changing the status of African women (high social status and recognition are associated with high fertility), age of marriage, child spacing, agricultural productivity, and nutrition. Demographic data on Africa have only become available during the past 25 years. African demographers are in short supply and require training abroad. Demographic data gaps and reliability problems are offset by the recent availability and quantity of survey data. Historical demography has produced conflicting results. Although some investigators, such as Ester Boserup, argue that population pressure results in agricultural innovations, Africa has yet to experience this phenomena. The youthful composition of the population guarantees continued population momentum. Fertility is enhanced by the cultural emphasis on perpetuating lineage and high fertility. Changes in reproductive behavior will depend on major social changes for women. PMID:12286949

Segal, A

1993-01-01

170

Family planning: as important for the child as for the mother and for the family.  

PubMed

The following were among the questions directed to India's Prime Minister Indira Ghandi: what priorities does the government accord to the family planning program; is there any alternative for economic viability for the country in the face of failure to curb the population growth rate to a manageable proportion; should family planning be part of the minimum national consensus, i.e., above party politics; what steps is the government taking to revitalize the family planning program; and is there a need to review the law in order to determine how it can be made more supportive of the family planning effort. Ghandi noted that India's government was the 1st in the entire world to adopt family planning as a official program, and this action shows how important family planning is to the country. She maintained that the real answer is development--development to provide what the people really need and development because it helps to curb families. Ghandi made the point that a subject like family planning should be above any controversy, but in actuality there has been considerable propaganda against family planning in India. To revitalize the program, Ghandi identified the need for involving the entire population rather than just the department in charge of family planning. She indicated that schools, the youth movement, women's organizations and other institutions which are concerned with any type of social welfare should be involved in family planning. Finally, Ghandi reported that the government is doing a great deal to raise the status of women in India, beginning by helping girls to continue their education. PMID:12337660

Doordarshan

1980-11-01

171

34 CFR 303.340 - Individualized family service plan-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Individualized family service plan-general. 303.340 Section...Evaluations and Assessments, and Individualized Family Service Plans Individualized Family Service Plan (ifsp) § 303.340...

2013-07-01

172

34 CFR 303.340 - Individualized family service plan-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Individualized family service plan-general. 303.340 Section...Evaluations and Assessments, and Individualized Family Service Plans Individualized Family Service Plan (ifsp) § 303.340...

2014-07-01

173

34 CFR 303.340 - Individualized family service plan-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Individualized family service plan-general. 303.340 Section...Evaluations and Assessments, and Individualized Family Service Plans Individualized Family Service Plan (ifsp) § 303.340...

2012-07-01

174

Project implementation plan: ASTD remote deployment  

SciTech Connect

This Project Implementation Plan (PIP) shall be the controlling document for the Accelerated Site Technology Deployment (ASTD) supported project to procure and qualify a remote/robotic work platform for large hot cell deactivation in the 324 Building B-Cell. This plan will be integrated into the 324/327 Buildings Stabilization/Deactivation Project, Project Management Plan, (HNF-IP-1289, Rev. 1) and shall comply with the base requirements established in that document. This PIP establishes the baseline and defines the scope, schedule, budget, organizational responsibilities, reporting requirements, deliverables, and end points for the implementation of new technology into B-Cell. This shall include procurement, safety, quality assurance, training, documentation, record management, and facility modifications applicable to this project. Specifically this plan controls and executes the procurement and acceptance, qualification, and turnover of a remote/robotic work platform for 324 Building B-Cell. This includes the development of functional parameters, performance requirements, evaluation criteria, procurement specifications, acceptance and qualification test procedures, training requirements, and turnover responsibilities. The 324/237 Buildings Stabilization/Deactivation Project is currently in its second year of a nine-year project to complete deactivation and closure of the facility for long-term surveillance and maintenance. A major obstacles for the project is the inability to effectively perform deactivation tasks within high radioactively contaminated hot cells. The current strategies utilize inefficient and resource intensive technologies that significantly impact the cost and schedule for stabilization and deactivation. The ASTD Remote Deployment Project shall identify, procure, and turnover, to the B-Cell project, a remote/robot work platform to improve B-Cell cleanup productivity and enhance worker safety and health.

CRASS, D.W.

1999-08-18

175

Issues in NASA Program and Project Management: Focus on Project Planning and Scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics addressed include: Planning and scheduling training for working project teams at NASA, overview of project planning and scheduling workshops, project planning at NASA, new approaches to systems engineering, software reliability assessment, and software reuse in wind tunnel control systems.

Hoffman, Edward J. (Editor); Lawbaugh, William M. (Editor)

1997-01-01

176

78 FR 63481 - Therapeutic Area Standards Initiative Project Plan; Availability  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...availability of the TA Project Plan. This TA Project Plan will be the primary document...of FDA's multi-year initiative to develop and implement...for public comment, the plan will provide the overall management framework for...

2013-10-24

177

Implementing a School-Based Family Outreach Project: Assessing the Needs of Families. A Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual is intended as a guide for initiating outreach projects for families of handicapped children. The manual is organized in four parts, covering the following topics: (1) the general organization of a family outreach project; (2) the development, content, administration and scoring of the Family Interview Schedule designed to examine…

Maykut, Pamela S.

178

Research process. Planning the research project.  

PubMed

This second article in a series of six on the research process provides a guide to planning a research project from start to finish. By description and illustration, 13 steps are outlined. Although the guide is comprehensive, advice is offered at strategic points regarding the value of consulting with a research specialist or a colleague experienced in research to gain assistance or insight into the planning process. Additionally, an admonition underlies the whole process: keep it simple and succinct. PMID:2269927

Gabel, L L

1990-10-01

179

A situation analysis study of the Nairobi City Commission family planning clinics. Selected findings.  

PubMed

The Africa OR/TA Project assisted the Nairobi City Commission (NCC) in conducting a situation analysis of its 46 family planning clinics. An important element in Kenya's national family planning program, NCC provides more than 1/2 of all family planning services in Nairobi and accounts for more than 1/3 of all family planning acceptors in Kenya. In order to upgrade NCC services, researchers conducted staff and client interviews and observed provider-client interactions. In addition to quality of care, the study evaluated the functioning of each major family planning subsystem; logistics/supplies, facilities, staffing, training, supervision, IEC, and record keeping. The study found that record keeping and logistics were functioning relatively well, and that IEC activities compared favorably with the national family planning program. Significant problems, however, were noted in training, supervision, and equipment. Only 15% of nurses had undergone refresher training, about 1/2 of the staff reported receiving no external supervision, and essential equipment was either missing or not working in many clinics (39% of clinics lacked working sterilizers). Concerning quality of care, clients were receiving information on a range of contraceptive methods, and clients provider-client relations were generally good. But waiting times were long, service hours were curtailed unnecessarily, and often, clients received inadequate information on how to manage side-effects. More significantly, the study found low provider competence (only 49% of clients received aseptic services). As a result, NCC clinics scored low on quality of care. PMID:12285349

1992-03-01

180

Project planning in the diagnostic imaging department.  

PubMed

Certain common steps in the planning process are necessary to ensure the success of any construction project in a diagnostic imaging department. Determining the need for the project, analyzing requirements for equipment, space and personnel, and budgeting for the project are necessary steps. They are followed by scheduling and designing the various aspects of the project. Engineering the construction phase and implementation with follow-up are the last steps. Determining whether a proposed project is necessary is the essential first step. Doing a cost-benefit analysis and determining if the return on the investment will be positive are important for a project's success. Good planning and communication with key staff members of the healthcare institution and the members of the design and construction team will help ensure successful implementation of any project. The role of the facility engineer is often critical in the early planning stages of a project to determine what utilities may be needed, any need for plumbing or electric work, power sources, building code requirements, the need for medical gasses and suction and so forth. Analysis of a potential project's equipment, space and personnel needs is also critical. Gathering the necessary information from various sources within the healthcare institution is essential. The steps for scheduling and designing an entire project should include finalizing the design and developing a schedule for its implementation. Keeping accurate minutes and documenting action items from all project meetings can serve to protect the budget. By following the steps outlined, budgeting time efficiently and delegating some tasks to others, the radiology administrator can continue to perform tasks involved in the day-to-day management of a radiology department. PMID:10168250

Woodford, D A

1997-01-01

181

Oconee probabilistic risk-assessment project plan  

SciTech Connect

A detailed plan has been developed describing the scope, major tasks and levels of effort required for an industry team to conduct a comprehensive, balanced probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) of Duke Power's Oconee Unit 3. This project has been initiated by the Nuclear Safety Analysis Center with the objective of directly involving nuclear utility engineers in working with PRA methods, and providing a model plans specific study to guide future such efforts by nuclear utilities. The project spans a calendar year and calls for investment of about 12 NSAC/utility man years, about 5 contractor man years, and additional support resources from NSAC and Duke Power Company.

Not Available

1980-11-01

182

Australia: Townsville Sexual Assault Support Service (Family Planning Qld. Townsville)  

E-print Network

Australia: Townsville Sexual Assault Support Service (Family Planning Qld. Townsville) http://www.fpq.com.au/locations/tvillelocations.php Suite 2, 5 Castlemaine St., Kirwan QLD 4817 | Phone: (07) 4723 8184 Australia: Wollongong Urunga House

Amin, S. Massoud

183

AVLIS Production Plant Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The AVLIS Production Plant is designated as a Major System Acquisition (in accordance with DOE Order 4240.IC) to deploy Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) technology at the Oak Ridge, Tennessee site, in support of the US Uranium Enrichment Program. The AVLIS Production Plant Project will deploy AVLIS technology by performing the design, construction, and startup of a production plant that will meet capacity production requirements of the Uranium Enrichment Program. The AVLIS Production Plant Project Management Plan has been developed to outline plans, baselines, and control systems to be employed in managing the AVLIS Production Plant Project and to define the roles and responsibilities of project participants. Participants will develop and maintain detailed procedures for implementing the management and control systems in agreement with this plan. This baseline document defines the system that measures work performed and costs incurred. This plan was developed by the AVLIS Production Plant Project staff of Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in accordance with applicable DOE directives, orders and notices. 38 figures, 19 tables.

Not Available

1984-11-15

184

"Three primaries" method in pushing family planning ahead.  

PubMed

Crash family planning drives cause 3 problems: 1) they tax leaders' energies and hinder work in other areas, 2) many abortions put too much stress on local hospitals, and 3) the drives adversely affect relations with the masses. The "3 Primaries" give precedence to 1) publicity and education over economic measures, 2) contraception over abortion, and 3) routine work over crash drives. The authors recommend persistence in publicity and education as primary methods and the strengthening of ideological polictical work. Many meetings, radio programs, art productions, street exhibitions, story telling programs, and films have informed the masses about family planning and the 1 child family policy. They recommend commending good people and good deeds in promoting contraception as the primary method of family planning and spreading information about it. Advocating the 1 child family has caused the numbers of abortions to increase sharply due to ignorance of contraception. Newlyweds should be visited at home, as they are often shy about discussing this, and advised on contraception. Routine work should be performed as a primary method, and good work can be done at the grassroots level. Regular meetings should be held at each organizational level to exchange experiences and discuss work. Family planning team leaders should visit households and distribute contraceptives. Production brigade cadres should make regular inspections and pregnancy reports. Files should be kept of newlyweds, births, couples who pledge to have only 1 child, contraceptive use, and contraceptive distribution. Communes should x-ray for misplaced IUDs every 3 months. Women's federations, health care centers, nurseries and kindergartens, and old age security systems must cooperate to promote family planning. Family planning work must persevere. By sticking to the 3 primary methods, these have been achieved 1) a planned birth rate, 2) a lower abortion rate, 3) greater acceptance of the 1 child family, and 4) improved relations between government and masses. PMID:12313986

1983-01-01

185

Contraception. Family planning: by whom and for whom?  

PubMed

Many people consider family planning to be the cure for population growth and its consequences (poverty, child mortality, morbidity, depletion of natural resources, and environmental degradation). International organizations support family planning programs and population-political strategies control their operations. Other key players in family planning are the pharmaceutical industry, the churches, and governments. Women tend not be involved in developing population and family planning policies, however, but instead implement the policies. Population planners are generally not interested in family planning methods which give women control over their own bodies, e.g., female-controlled barrier methods. In fact, they distrust them because the planners consider women to be unreliable. Besides, the low effectiveness of these methods means women need to rely on abortion, which is a problem in many developing countries, e.g., Latin America. Further, family planning programs must meet predetermined goals, so their service is lacking, e.g., limited supply of contraceptives and not enough time to provide information to clients. Family planning revolves around women. For example, they encourage them to talk their partners into approving the women's use of contraception, but this is almost always difficult for women in developing countries. Provision of family planning cannot be successful without society accepting and treating women as full citizens. In addition, society needs to realize that women have a sexuality separate from men. Political will is needed for these changes in attitude. The international women's movement does not agree on the degree which women can control contraceptives themselves. Women's groups are working to improve the position and independence of women and contraception is just 1 factor which can help them achieve this goal. The Women's Sexuality and Health Feminist Collective in Sao Paulo, Brazil, is an example of a coalition of women's health groups. PMID:12285430

Stemerding, B

1992-01-01

186

Family planning in Russia: Experience and attitudes of gynecologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was made of 375 Russian gynecologists. The questionnaire on family planning and contraceptives was distributed at the beginning of three local educational symposia. Almost all participants filled in the questionnaire on attitudes, knowledge and experience with family planning. The sample consisted of departmental specialists and heads of departments\\/clinics, working mainly at in-or out-patient women's health clinics. The mean

A. Ph. Visser; N. Bruyniks; L. Remennick

1993-01-01

187

Farmers knew prosperity lies in family planning: Prof. Gao Yuanxiang.  

PubMed

This brief article summarizes a speech given by the Director of Population Studies in Hebei, China, on family planning and sustainable development. Concurrent with the implementation of the family planning policy over the past 20 years was the implementation of development policies in rural areas. Agricultural policy shifted from support of the commune system to a land-leasing system. The land-leasing system is an improvement that inspires farmers to become wealthy and modernized. The new rural administration encourages modernization that releases manpower, and thus, frees farmers to concentrate on improving production and farming techniques rather than on increasing reproduction. Farmers decide on working time allocation and investment. Surplus agricultural laborers are migrating to cities in search of better work opportunities. Legal measures are needed to help migrants adapt to development. Urban living requires a one-child policy, while a two-child policy is acceptable in poor and mountainous rural areas. "The education of family planning must be mandatory." Under the new policies, people must become committed to family planning. Farmers are beginning to discover the benefits of family planning. Farmer's enlightenment occurred as a result of the family planning and poverty alleviation efforts during the late 1980s and 1990s. Farmers appreciate the government assistance and now believe that family planning benefits individuals and enhances their honor and responsibility. The benefits of the policy will continue into the future. "Sustainable population development is an important part of economic development." China is entering the new century with a new type of demographic structure, a new cultural system of family planning, and practical efforts. PMID:12292780

1997-09-01

188

Energy Strategic Planning & Sufficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information regarding options available, their advantages and disadvantages, and the costs for pursuing activities to advance Smith River Rancheria toward an energy program that reduces their energy costs, allows greater self-sufficiency and stimulates economic development and employment opportunities within and around the reservation. The primary subjects addressed in this report are as follows: (1) Baseline Assessment of Current Energy Costs--An evaluation of the historical energy costs for Smith River was conducted to identify the costs for each component of their energy supply to better assess changes that can be considered for energy cost reductions. (2) Research Viable Energy Options--This includes a general description of many power generation technologies and identification of their relative costs, advantages and disadvantages. Through this research the generation technology options that are most suited for this application were identified. (3) Project Development Considerations--The basic steps and associated challenges of developing a generation project utilizing the selected technologies are identified and discussed. This included items like selling to third parties, wheeling, electrical interconnections, fuel supply, permitting, standby power, and transmission studies. (4) Energy Conservation--The myriad of federal, state and utility programs offered for low-income weatherization and utility bill payment assistance are identified, their qualification requirements discussed, and the subsequent benefits outlined. (5) Establishing an Energy Organization--The report includes a high level discussion of formation of a utility to serve the Tribal membership. The value or advantages of such action is discussed along with some of the challenges. (6) Training--Training opportunities available to the Tribal membership are identified.

Retziaff, Greg

2005-03-30

189

Need for integration of gender equity in family planning services  

PubMed Central

The family planning programme of India has shown many significant changes since its inception five decades back. The programme has made the contraceptives easily accessible and affordable to the people. Devices with very low failure rate are provided free of cost to those who need it. Despite these significant improvements in service delivery related to family planning the programme cannot be said to achieve success at all levels. There are many issues with the family planning services available through the public health facilities in India. Failure to adopt the latest technology is one of these. But the most serious drawback of the programme is that it has never been able to bridge the gap between the two genders related to contraceptives. The programme gave emphasis to women-centric contraceptive and thus women were seen as their clients. The choice to adopt a contraceptive though is ‘cafeteria approach’ in family planning lexicon; it is the choice of the husband that is ultimately practiced. There is not enough dialogue between husband and wife and husband and health worker to discuss the use of one contraceptive over another. The male gender needs to be taken in confidence while promoting the family planning practice. The integration of gender equity is to be done carefully so as not to make dominant gender more powerful. Only when there is equity between genders while using family planning services the programme will achieve success. PMID:25673536

Garg, Suneela; Singh, Ritesh

2014-01-01

190

Need for integration of gender equity in family planning services.  

PubMed

The family planning programme of India has shown many significant changes since its inception five decades back. The programme has made the contraceptives easily accessible and affordable to the people. Devices with very low failure rate are provided free of cost to those who need it. Despite these significant improvements in service delivery related to family planning the programme cannot be said to achieve success at all levels. There are many issues with the family planning services available through the public health facilities in India. Failure to adopt the latest technology is one of these. But the most serious drawback of the programme is that it has never been able to bridge the gap between the two genders related to contraceptives. The programme gave emphasis to women-centric contraceptive and thus women were seen as their clients. The choice to adopt a contraceptive though is 'cafeteria approach' in family planning lexicon; it is the choice of the husband that is ultimately practiced. There is not enough dialogue between husband and wife and husband and health worker to discuss the use of one contraceptive over another. The male gender needs to be taken in confidence while promoting the family planning practice. The integration of gender equity is to be done carefully so as not to make dominant gender more powerful. Only when there is equity between genders while using family planning services the programme will achieve success. PMID:25673536

Garg, Suneela; Singh, Ritesh

2014-11-01

191

On the efficiency of multiple media family planning promotion campaigns.  

PubMed

This article presents the result of a study conducted by Miriam N. Jato on the impact of multimedia family planning communication campaigns on contraceptive use. The study was conducted in Tanzania, where a government program integrated family planning into maternal and child health care services in 1988, while in 1992 a private-sector condom-marketing program begun and a national population policy for wider distribution of family planning information was adopted by the government. In less than 3 years, contraceptive use was found to have doubled to a level of 11.3% and the total fertility rate declined from an average of 6.3 to 5.8 live births. The result of the study indicates that exposure to media sources of family planning messages was directly associated with increased contraceptive use. Moreover, the use of modern methods increased among women who were exposed to a greater number of media sources, as did discussion of family planning with spouses and attendance of health facilities. The programmatic implications of the results confirm that utilization of multiple media channels in the promotion of family planning and other reproductive issues must be continued, with emphasis on media sources that reach large audiences. PMID:12349449

1999-01-01

192

A Comparison of Hispanic and White Adolescent Females' Use of Family Planning Services in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

CONTEXT: In California, the adolescent birthrate among Hispanics is three times that among whites. Because Hispan- ics are projected to make up one-half of the state's adolescents by 2020, it is important to determine how cultural and health policy-relevant factors are linked to this group's use of family planning services. METHODS: Data from the 2001 California Health Interview Survey were

M. Rosa Solorio; Hongjian Yu; E. Richard Brown; Lida Becerra; Lillian Gelberg

2004-01-01

193

National Ignition Facility project acquisition plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this National Ignition Facility Acquisition Plan is to describe the overall procurement strategy planned for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) Project. The scope of the plan describes the procurement activities and acquisition strategy for the following phases of the NIF Project, each of which receives either plant and capital equipment (PACE) or other project cost (OPC) funds: Title 1 and 2 design and Title 3 engineering (PACE); Optics manufacturing facilitization and pilot production (OPC); Convention facility construction (PACE); Procurement, installation, and acceptance testing of equipment (PACE); and Start-up (OPC). Activities that are part of the base Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Program are not included in this plan. The University of California (UC), operating Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Lockheed-Martin, which operates Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics (UR-LLE), will conduct the acquisition of needed products and services in support of their assigned responsibilities within the NIF Project structure in accordance with their prime contracts with the Department of Energy (DOE). LLNL, designated as the lead Laboratory, will have responsibility for all procurements required for construction, installation, activation, and startup of the NIF.

Callaghan, R.W.

1996-04-01

194

Business System Planning Project, Preliminary System Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) is currently performing many core business functions including, but not limited to, work control, planning, scheduling, cost estimating, procurement, training, and human resources. Other core business functions are managed by or dependent on Project Hanford Management Contractors including, but not limited to, payroll, benefits and pension administration, inventory control, accounts payable, and records management.

2000-01-01

195

MID-ATLANTIC LANDSCAPE INDICATORS PROJECT PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

Landscapes are described by the spatial arrangements of ecological resources. he Project Plan details an approach that examines landscape patterns relative to their affect on the flow of energy, water, nutrients, and biota. he landscape component of the Environmental Monitoring a...

196

Planning intraseasonal water requirements in irrigation projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of planning intraseasonal irrigation requirements for the reservoir based projects with an extensive water distribution network is addressed. The network is hierarchical and consists of canals, distributaries or laterals and field turnouts or outlets. Irrigation requirements are estimated by considering the problem at two levels. At the first level, the intraseasonal weekly and biweekly irrigation requirements of crops

M. S. Hajilal; N. H. Rao; P. B. S. Sarma

1998-01-01

197

NEW HAMPSHIRE ESTUARIES PROJECT MANAGEMENT PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

This Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan of the New Hampshire Estuaries Project presents a broad framework and specific list of actions to protect and enhance the environmental quality of the estuaries of the State of New Hampshire. It is intended to be a guide for all...

198

NEW HAMPSHIRE ESTUARIES PROJECT MANAGEMENT PLAN, 2000  

EPA Science Inventory

The Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan of the New Hampshire Estuaries Project presents a broad framework and specific list of actions to protect and enhance the environmental quality of the estuaries of the State of New Hampshire. It is intended to be a guide for all ...

199

Current Literature in Family Planning, November 1972, No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of current publications in the fields of population and family planning are contained in this monthly acquisitions list of the Katherine Dexter McCormick Library, Planned Parenthood, New York. Organized in two parts, Part 1 contains an annotated list of the books most recently acquired by the Library, marked with its Library call number,…

Planned Parenthood--World Population, New York, NY. Katherine Dexter McCormick Library.

200

Effect of Prepaid Health Plans on a Family Practice Residency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Residents and faculty members completed a survey covering the effect of prepaid health care plans at a family medicine center on the program's practice profile, cost-containment, and education activities over a three-year period. Respondents agreed that prepaid plans increased the number of patient visits. (Author/MLW)

Bradley, Don W.; Gehlbach, Stephen H.

1988-01-01

201

Current status of natural family planning in Granada (Spain)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Spain the use of natural family planning (NFP) is limited. In Barcelona, CODIPLAN, an NFP planning center, has offered natural methods to potential users for a number of years. In Granada and Jaén, information provided by health professionals on fertility awareness is now gaining importance. In 1989, a seminar introduced NFP in Granada; the program has been very active

E. Barranco; M. J. Sanchez; I. Garcia; F. Soler; M. D. Chica

1994-01-01

202

The needs of adolescent women utilizing family planning services  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide comprehensive family planning services to adolescents requires going beyond the provision of birth control methods. To determine other needs, all women 18 years old and under attending Planned Parenthood of New York City clinics for the first time during a six week sample period were interviewed. Data were collected from 476 adolescents. Results indicated that: (a) there were

Jerry Cahn

1977-01-01

203

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS FOR DEVELOPING PROJECT PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

Region 10 has prepared new QA guidance documents for preparing Air Monitoring QA project plans, PCB QA Project Plans, Aquaculture NPDES Inspection Plans and RCRA Inspection QA project plans. These documents not only serve to establish detailed and uniform policy and guidance for...

204

Participatory action research: the Indian Family Stories Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-based research projects are critically needed to reduce health disparities and ensure the delivery of health care that is culturally appropriate and relevant to families and communities. The purpose of this article is to share experiences and lessons learned from utilizing a participatory action approach in a series of five subprojects within the Indian Family Stories Project. Participatory action research

Ann Williams Garwick; Sally Auger

2003-01-01

205

The Family Writing Project: Creating Space for Sustaining Teacher Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family writing projects can change the nature of classroom writing instruction and rejuvenate teachers. Marilyn McKinney, Saralyn Lasley, and Rosemary Holmes-Gull report on their study of one such project in an urban school district. Using the concept of "third space," they describe the influence of this family literacy program on teacher practice.

McKinney, Marilyn; Lasley, Saralyn; Holmes-Gull, Rosemary

2008-01-01

206

Even Start Projects Serving Migrant Families: Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even Start was created by federal legislation to address poverty and illiteracy among low-income families by integrating early childhood education, adult literacy or adult basic education, and parenting education into a unified family literacy program. Migrant Education Even Start (MEES) projects resemble other Even Start projects but are affected…

Gonzales, Miriam; Goldstein, David; Stief, Elizabeth; Fiester, Leila; Weiner, Lisa; Waiters, Katrina

207

Minimal Technologies Application Project: Planning and installation  

SciTech Connect

Intensive and continuous tactical training during the last 35 years at the Hohenfels Training Area in West Germany has caused the loss of vegetative ground cover and has accelerated soil erosion rates, resulting in extensive environmental damage, safety hazards, and unrealistic training habitats. The objectives of this project are to develop and evaluate revegetation procedures for establishing adequate vegetative cover to control erosion at minimal costs and disruption to training activities. This project involved the development and installation of 12 revegetation procedures that combined four seedbed preparation methods and seeding options with three site-closure periods. In March 1987, the four seedbed preparation/seeding options and closure periods were selected, a study site design and location chosen, and specifications for the revegetation procedures developed. A German rehabilitation contractor attempted the specified seedbed preparation and seeding on the 13.5-ha site in June, but abnormally high rainfall, usually wet site conditions, and lack of adequate equipment prevented the contractor from completing six of the 12 planned procedures. Planning and execution of the project has nonetheless provided valuable information on the importance and use of soil analytical results, seed availability and cost data, contractor equipment requirements, and time required for planning future revegetation efforts. Continued monitoring of vegetative ground cover at the site for the next two years, combined with cost information, will provide necessary data to determine which of the six revegetation procedures is the most effective. These data will be used in planning future rehabilitation efforts on tactical training areas.

Zellmer, S.D.; Hinchman, R.R.; Severinghaus, W.D.; Johnson, D.O.; Brent, J.J.

1989-03-01

208

Studies in Family Planning, Number 52.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of the two articles reviews the types of population education currently available, indicating that sex education, education for family living, population awareness, and education for basic value orientations are not mutually exclusive. The objectives and evaluation of such courses are not necessarily identical in different parts of the…

Population Council, New York, NY.

209

Phase Transitions in Planning Problems: Design and Analysis of Parameterized Families of Hard Planning Problems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There are two common ways to evaluate algorithms: performance on benchmark problems derived from real applications and analysis of performance on parametrized families of problems. The two approaches complement each other, each having its advantages and disadvantages. The planning community has concentrated on the first approach, with few ways of generating parametrized families of hard problems known prior to this work. Our group's main interest is in comparing approaches to solving planning problems using a novel type of computational device - a quantum annealer - to existing state-of-the-art planning algorithms. Because only small-scale quantum annealers are available, we must compare on small problem sizes. Small problems are primarily useful for comparison only if they are instances of parametrized families of problems for which scaling analysis can be done. In this technical report, we discuss our approach to the generation of hard planning problems from classes of well-studied NP-complete problems that map naturally to planning problems or to aspects of planning problems that many practical planning problems share. These problem classes exhibit a phase transition between easy-to-solve and easy-to-show-unsolvable planning problems. The parametrized families of hard planning problems lie at the phase transition. The exponential scaling of hardness with problem size is apparent in these families even at very small problem sizes, thus enabling us to characterize even very small problems as hard. The families we developed will prove generally useful to the planning community in analyzing the performance of planning algorithms, providing a complementary approach to existing evaluation methods. We illustrate the hardness of these problems and their scaling with results on four state-of-the-art planners, observing significant differences between these planners on these problem families. Finally, we describe two general, and quite different, mappings of planning problems to QUBOs, the form of input required for a quantum annealing machine such as the D-Wave II.

Hen, Itay; Rieffel, Eleanor G.; Do, Minh; Venturelli, Davide

2014-01-01

210

Need for focus on men's perspective in family planning.  

PubMed

An April 1994 workshop involving 13 men associated with European Family Planning Associations emphasized the need for greater male involvement in family planning and sex education. The redefinition of traditional sex roles currently underway in Europe provides a basis for men to discuss sexuality more openly and assume a more active part in family planning activities. This will not occur under existing family planning clinic models, however. Family planning associations must train male educators to train their counterparts and consider the establishment of special facilities to reach and meet the needs of men. In countries such as Sweden, Denmark, Holland, and Ireland, where male-specific services (e.g., sex education clinics for boys, courses on male sexuality for teachers and other role models, special educational materials) have been made available, the response has been overwhelming. Other suggested programs include peer-led boys' discussion groups, educational programs at sites such as sports clubs and army barracks, and open discussions of sensitive issues such as homosexuality, masturbation, and pornography. Also in need of revision is condom information. Such training should include advice to first try to masturbate with a condom and the experience of condom purchase. Realistic information on the difficulties of condom use should be offered, and young men should be given suggested phrases to use in situations when condom use is being negotiated with a partner. PMID:12289090

Rix, B A

1995-03-01

211

The Family Backpack Project: Responding to Dual-Language Texts through Family Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Family Backpack Project provided 249 low-income, prekindergarten children and their families with opportunities to read and listen to audio recordings of 3 sets of books in their homes. Families received English or dual-language texts (English plus Spanish, Arabic, Kurdish, or Somali) matched to their home languages. Children and their…

Rowe, Deborah; Fain, Jeanne Gilliam

2013-01-01

212

The Second Year of the Brookline Early Education Project: Progress Report and Plans for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second in a series of progress reports on the Brookline Early Education Project (BEEP), a program which provides diagnostic and educational services for very young children and their families. The 1972-74 programs are described, and plans for the following 3-year period are reviewed. The purpose of this pilot project of the Brookline…

Brookline Public Schools, MA.

213

Family Planning in Pakistan 1955-1977: a review.  

PubMed

A review and critique of the family planning effort in Pakistan has as its focus the strategies which have been employed, and the organizational changes through which the program has passed. In spite of several reorganizations and apparent changes in philosophy of the family planning program, all variants of the program were still derived from the same set of underlying assumptions. First, the plans and schemes have all been animated by the spirit expressed in the original scheme that family planning is essentially an administrative matter. By focusing on administrative aspects, the programs have downplayed clinical methods. Second, the plans were assuming that a deep, unfilled demand for family planning services existed on the part of the potential clients. No consistent communications or propaganda strategy was ever developed, and demand was taken for granted. Third, the program has assumed that it was possible to create quickly a nationwide program capable of reaching into the remote rural areas in spite of the fact that no other public sector program has succeeded in doing so. Fourth, the program has lacked a consistent, detailed set of fertility estimates for the population covered by the program. It is concluded that the chief missing link has been not on the supply side, but on the demand side. In principle, any of several programs could have succeeded; if they did not, it was not only because of administrative or supply problems, but because of inadequate effective demand. Future efforts should be carefully planned, pretested, and then slowly and gradually put into place. Had a carefully phased program been adopted in 1965, it is concluded that the overall family planning effort in Pakistan would be at least as well off and for much less cost and effort. PMID:12335586

Robinson, W C

1978-01-01

214

PREPARING PERFECT PROJECT PLANS: A POCKET GUIDE FOR THE PREPARATION OF QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Pocket Guide helps you prepare Quality Assurance (QA) Project Plans thoroughly and easily. he Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory (RREL) utilizes a four-tiered project category approach in order to more effectively focus QA with respect to the intended use of the data and ...

215

China's family planning policies: recent reforms and future prospects.  

PubMed

In November 2013, China announced reforms to its family planning policies whereby couples would be allowed to have a second child if either parent is an only child. The announcement garnered worldwide media coverage, and stimulated academic and popular discussion. We explore the context of the 2013 reforms, including the economic, demographic, and political motivations behind them, and speculate on their likely effect. Noting that the impact of the reforms on China's long-term demographic future is likely to be relatively slight, we consider why more radical reform may have been difficult to implement. We offer observations about possible future directions for Chinese family planning policies and explore the notion of "local pronatalism within nationally prescribed antinatalist limits" and how this suggests that an ideological shift within China's family planning apparatus may be plausible. PMID:25469931

Basten, Stuart; Jiang, Quanbao

2014-12-01

216

Watch out for the blue circle: a breakthrough in family planning promotional strategy.  

PubMed

Realizing the potential of commercial marketing in changing the attitude and behavior of the target audience in the early years of the 4th 5-year development plan, the National Family Planning Program tried to develop new ventures in communicating the concept of the small family norm to the people. The condom was chosen as the 1st product to be sold through the social marketing project because male awareness about family planning was still low. Based on audience research, the pricing, packaging, and branding of the product was developed. The most accepted brand name was Dua Lima because it has a neutral meaning, is easily remembered, and can be described in sign language. The last reason is very important because most consumers have difficulty communicating about condoms in the sales outlet. Social marketing has proved effective because of strong public relations activities and the involvement of formal and informal leaders. This experiment has convinced family planning management that social marketing is workable for promoting the small family norm. In 1987, under the new program of self-sufficiency in family planning, the private sector is invited to participate by providing family planning services for target audiences, using the principles of self-sufficiency and self-support. There are 2 principal activities; 1) the IEC campaign, and 2) product (contraceptive) selling. IEC activities include a media campaign public relations work. Product selling is done through commercial channels such as pharmaceutical firms, drug stores, private doctors, and midwives. It was decided that the campaign would be aided by a name and logo. The blue circle was chosen because it is unique, communicative, and simple. The social marketing of contraceptives in Indonesia can be considered a breakthrough in communication strategy for a national development program. PMID:12282138

Sumarsono

1989-07-01

217

Inequalities in the Use of Family Planning in Rural Nepal  

PubMed Central

This paper explores inequalities in the use of modern family planning methods among married women of reproductive age (MWRA) in rural Nepal. Data from the 2012 Nepal Household Survey (HHS) were utilized, which employed a stratified, three-stage cluster design to obtain a representative sample of 9,016 households from rural Nepal. Within the sampled households, one woman of reproductive age was randomly selected to answer the survey questions related to reproductive health. Only four out of every ten rural MWRA were using a modern family planning method. Short-acting and permanent methods were most commonly used, and long-acting reversible contraceptives were the least likely to be used. Muslims were less likely to use family planning compared to other caste/ethnic groups. Usage was also lower among younger women (likely to be trying to delay or space births) than older women (likely to be trying to limit their family size). Less educated women were more likely to use permanent methods and less likely to use short-term methods. To increase the CPR, which has currently stalled, and continue to reduce the TFR, Nepal needs more focused efforts to increase family planning uptake in rural areas. The significant inequalities suggest that at-risk groups need additional targeting by demand and supply side interventions. PMID:25405205

Mehata, Suresh; Paudel, Yuba Raj; Dotel, Bhogendra Raj; Singh, Dipendra Raman; Poudel, Pradeep; Barnett, Sarah

2014-01-01

218

Inequalities in the use of family planning in rural Nepal.  

PubMed

This paper explores inequalities in the use of modern family planning methods among married women of reproductive age (MWRA) in rural Nepal. Data from the 2012 Nepal Household Survey (HHS) were utilized, which employed a stratified, three-stage cluster design to obtain a representative sample of 9,016 households from rural Nepal. Within the sampled households, one woman of reproductive age was randomly selected to answer the survey questions related to reproductive health. Only four out of every ten rural MWRA were using a modern family planning method. Short-acting and permanent methods were most commonly used, and long-acting reversible contraceptives were the least likely to be used. Muslims were less likely to use family planning compared to other caste/ethnic groups. Usage was also lower among younger women (likely to be trying to delay or space births) than older women (likely to be trying to limit their family size). Less educated women were more likely to use permanent methods and less likely to use short-term methods. To increase the CPR, which has currently stalled, and continue to reduce the TFR, Nepal needs more focused efforts to increase family planning uptake in rural areas. The significant inequalities suggest that at-risk groups need additional targeting by demand and supply side interventions. PMID:25405205

Mehata, Suresh; Paudel, Yuba Raj; Dotel, Bhogendra Raj; Singh, Dipendra Raman; Poudel, Pradeep; Barnett, Sarah

2014-01-01

219

[Combining vertical service with horizontal service to promote family planning].  

PubMed

How Bazhong County of Sechuan Province, China, carries out family planning through a combination of what are termed vertical and horizontal services is described. Vertical service refers to assistance such as premarital education, prenatal hygiene, child health care, and family planning, while horizontal service refers to household assistance for married women. Premarital education is designed to help young people acquire sufficent knowledge about family planning, hygiene, and eugenics, and stresses the disadvantages involved in marriages between close relatives. Prenatal hygiene provides safe and convenient medical accommodations for delivery of the child as well as maternal care. Child health services assure that the best facilities are to be made available for physical examinations, vaccinations, and medical treatment. The family planning program involves comprehensive measures such as distribution of contraceptives and safe sterilization. In addition, the county provides medical assistance for couples unable to have children. Horizontal service providing household assistance for married women promotes scientific farming (e.g., how to use fertilizer), helps people increase their income by teaching them skills, and provides social services to improve life style and education. These vertical and horizontal services have brought about substantial improvements in the standard of living, family harmony, and population control. PMID:12341133

An, Y; Yu, Q

1986-03-01

220

Family Emergency Plan Make sure your family has a plan in case of an emergency. Before an emergency happens, sit down together and decide how you will  

E-print Network

Family Emergency Plan Make sure your family has a plan in case of an emergency. Before an emergency-of-Neighborhood Meeting Place: Phone: Out-of-Town Meeting Place: Phone: Fill out the following information for each family family spends the most time: work, school and other places you frequent. Schools, daycare providers

Burke, Peter

221

Military Family Projects at Zero to Three  

MedlinePLUS

... emotionally, while on deployment. The book explores core, universal themes relating to loss, healing, hope, resilience, and, ... of parenting a baby or toddler, particularly during times of stress and separation that military families may ...

222

Multivariate relationships between modernity value orientations and family planning indicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using canonical correlation techniques in the analysis of data collected from interviews with 1,737 married women of three Indian states, this paper evaluated three modernity value orientations—subjective efficacy, openness to change, and propensity to plan—as predictors of a set of four family planning indicators. The analysis revealed that, in Haryana, both subjective efficacy and openness to change were related to

Bishwa Nath Mukherjee

1981-01-01

223

7 CFR 1948.78 - Growth management and housing planning projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... true Growth management and housing planning projects. 1948...1948.78 Growth management and housing planning projects. ...project. (h) Planning conducted by the...include effective management activities...

2010-01-01

224

Planning for Quality Schools: Meeting the Needs of District Families. Phase One: Understanding Current School Supply and Student Enrollment Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the first phase of a three-part Quality Schools Project to help the District of Columbia create a firm analytical basis for planning for quality schools to meet the needs of the city's families. The Quality School Project is a joint effort of the DC Office of the State Superintendent of Education, the 21st Century School Fund, the…

Garrison, David; Allen, Marni; Turner, Margery; Comey, Jennifer; Williams, Barika; Guernsey, Elizabeth; Filardo, Mary; Huvendick, Nancy; Sung, Ping

2008-01-01

225

Early abortion in a family planning clinic.  

PubMed

The successful integration of sessions for very early abortion in the Planned Parenthood Clinic of San Francisco is described. Abortion sessions replaced 2 one- half days of contraceptive clinics per week. Flexible Karman cannulas and foot, or electrically-operated vacuum pumps were used. Routine testing for RhD antibody and gonorrhea were done at each abortion. 560 women were aborted during the year and 4 had repeat abortion. Problems encountered were 1.8% failed abortion requiring repeat suction, 1.6% bleeding heavier than a menstrual period, 3% infection in the uterus or surrounding tissues, and 1 ecotopic pregnancy. The abortion service in the Clinic was well accepted by patients, staff, the medical community, and the community at large. PMID:4218815

Goldsmith, S

1974-01-01

226

[A gold key to initiate a new situation in family planning work].  

PubMed

Because of the popularization of a responsible agricultural production system, the livilihood of peasants has been improving greatly, while the demands and needs of the general public are also increasing at the same time. Still under the influence of the traditional belief of carrying on one's family line and emphasis on having male children, married people prefer to have more childre, and the birth rate is now rising again. In order to solve this new problem, we need to teach the peasants national policies on population, land utilization, and food supply. In order to initiate a new situation in family planning work, we need to control this "gold key" of ideological education and propaganda. The emphasis should be placed on ideological education for cadres at all levels as well as the general public in order that they may understand the Party's strategy. Education on the national strategy should be combined with material interests of the peasants, and reward and punishment in production should also be linked up with that of family planning. Social measures are needed to reduce economic burdens of the peasants, offer better treatment for single-child households, and provide adequate care for old and retired people. Family planning projects should be consolidated and improved. Scientific management, facilities and techniques for birth control, compensation for working personnel in family planning, and other practical problems deserve immediate attention and solution. PMID:12159355

Du, S; Yuan, Z; Fang, X

1983-05-29

227

Importance of male fertility control in family planning.  

PubMed

The world population, currently estimated to be almost seven billion, is expected to double in less than four decades. The projected population growth will cause severe competition for existing resources, not to mention the issue of overcrowding of the planet and additional greenhouse gases that will have an adverse effect on the ecological health of the planet. A recent survey conducted by the United Nations Population Control Division shows that the majority of today's young men in many countries are willing to participate in family planning by taking full control of their fertility, an important global health issue. However, the contraceptive needs of tens of millions of men/couples go unmet every single day and results in millions of unwanted pregnancies. Ever since the approval of the birth control pill by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1960, scientists have been hoping for a male equivalent. It has, however, been a difficult road, in part because of the complicated science of the male reproductive system. It is easier to control a monthly event of ovulation in women than to regulate the production of millions of fertile spermatozoa every day in men. Thus, the contraceptive options for men have not changed in decades and are still limited to the use of condoms, a timely withdrawal/pulling out (coitus interruptus) or vasectomy, a minor surgical procedure in which the vas deferens is occluded to prevent the release of spermatozoa during ejaculation. The first two approaches have a relatively higher failure rate, whereas the last approach is largely irreversible and not suitable for younger men. In this article, we will discuss various approaches currently available for men to take control of their fertility. Our intention is to discuss the details of three similar approaches that will provide safe, affordable and reversible contraception for men and are close to being approved for use by millions of men around the globe. The availability of safe, reversible and reliable male contraceptives will allow men and women to take full control of their fertility in family planning. PMID:24654689

Tulsiani, Daulat R P; Abou-Haila, Aida

2014-01-01

228

Project Booktalk: Library Outreach to Family Day-Care Homes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for public libraries to broaden their services to preschool children in family daycare settings and describes Project Booktalk, developed by the University of Florida to provide students with opportunities to become involved in early language and literacy development practices by reading to children in family daycare settings.…

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Russo, Roseanne

2002-01-01

229

Stakeholder perceptions of a total market approach to family planning in Viet Nam.  

PubMed

Viet Nam has high modern contraceptive prevalence (68%), with most services received through the public sector. As the country transitions to middle-income status, Viet Nam's donors have ceased donations of contraceptive supplies, causing a large projected shortfall in the family planning budget. In response, the Ministry of Health has decided to prioritize free or subsidized contraceptives for poor and vulnerable groups, while enhancing social marketing and sales of contraceptives in the free market. To support planning for this "total market approach", a descriptive exploratory study was conducted with 38 public and private sector family planning stakeholders to gain their perceptions of the proposals. There was a high level of support for government leadership of public-private coordination and stewardship of the entire family planning system. Key information gaps were identified regarding how the reforms can promote equitable access to family planning and financial sustainability in pricing. The government's experience with this transition may yield valuable guidance for other settings. PMID:21111350

Drake, Jennifer Kidwell; Thi Thanh, Luu Huong; Suraratdecha, Chutima; Thi Thu, Ha Phan; Vail, Janet G

2010-11-01

230

The Impact on Clinics of the California Office of Family Planning Budget Cuts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Office of Family Planning (OFP), a branch of the Family Health Division, Department of Health Services, was established in 1973 to provide assistance and services relating to the planning of families. In July 1989, state appropriations for OFP were cut by two-thirds, leaving $12 million to support the provision of family planning

Brindis, Claire; And Others

231

A Crucial New Direction for International Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Repressive attitudes toward female sexuality by Third World men and ignorance of the basic biology of the female reproductive system by Third World women have led to the failure of family planning efforts. Use of the "Universal Childbirth Picture Book," which illustrates the female reproductive system, is recommended. (IS)

Hosken, Fran P.

1984-01-01

232

Filling the Family Planning Gap. Worldwatch Paper 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author provides a global review of family planning techniques and their impact on national birth rates. Sterilization, the pill, and intrauterine devices are the most popular methods of contraception worldwide. Abortion, where it is legal, is also extremely popular. In countries such as the United States where population control is not an…

Stokes, Bruce

233

A Holistic Approach to Family Planning Counseling and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family planning clinic which was part of a large public maternity hospital in Salvador Bahia, Brazil received a grant to expand its services and to evaluate a service model focusing on client counseling and education. The counseling, education, and service provision process included individual pre-consultation with a nurse, group education and…

Chaves, Lushanhya Coutinho; And Others

234

Factors influencing the choice to use modern natural family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A discrepancy exists between the interest in modern methods of natural family planning (NFP) and their actual use in developed countries. To explore reasons for this discrepancy, we analyzed data from a questionnaire administered to postpartum women in Berlin (n = 223) and Cracow (n = 233). Knowledge of NFP, past use of NFP and expected effects of abstinence on

Rafael T Mikolajczyk; Joseph B Stanford; Martina Rauchfuss

2003-01-01

235

Attitudes of Czech and Slovak gynecologists toward family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was held among 155 gynecologists of the former Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (CSFR) who visited a national gynecological congress. The sample was fairly comparable to the total group of Czech and Slovak gynecologists concerning sex, age and county. Questions were asked on personal and professional characteristics, experience with the provision of contraception, attitudes toward family planning and

A. Ph Visser; R. Uzel; E. Ketting; N. Bruyniks; B. J. Oddens

1993-01-01

236

Yard Plan of the Brundage, Parish, Simmons Families et al. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Yard Plan of the Brundage, Parish, Simmons Families et al. Circa 1940s - The Smokey Hollow Community, Informal boundaries by street name: North to South: East Jefferson Street to East Van Buren Street. West to East: South Gadsden Street to Marvin Street., Tallahassee, Leon County, FL

237

Condoms, family planning and living with HIV in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the socio-cultural context of Zimbabwe, where men have both sexual freedom and power over women in relationships, the use of condoms and family planning remains subject to a man's willingness. Men's dislike of condoms remain a major barrier to HIV\\/STD prevention both before and after a positive HIV diagnosis. Openness about the diagnosis or even the suggestion to use

Karla Meursing; Flora Sibindi

1995-01-01

238

Diffusion of Innovations: Family Planning in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the best examples of the validity of the theory of “diffusion of innovations” is the case of family planning in developing countries. The desire of health, development and environment advocates in rich countries to make modern contraceptive use and lower fertility a norm in developing countries was translated into organized efforts to reach top-level leaders in these countries.

ELAINE MURPHY

2004-01-01

239

[Chen Muhua, Bo Yibo speak at family planning meeting].  

PubMed

Chen Muhua, the Chinese vice premier in charge of family planning spoke at a forum on the family, marriage, and family planning held in Beijing. She made the point that an attempt will be made to realize the goal of a 1 child family on the part of 95% of the married couples in the cities and 90% of the married couples in the countryside. Chen Muhua pointed out that the population growth rate should be in scale with economic developments, and she called for wide scale propaganda regarding the importance of birth control. The vice premier went on to say that late marriage and late birth should be advocated and that attention should be paid to the well being of women, children, and the aged. More than 200 delegates from Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Provinces and from the People's Liberation Army attended the forum. 10 representatives spoke of their experience in promoting family planning. Vice Premiers Wang Zhen and Bo Yibo also spoke and noted that birth control was of considerable importance in improving the material and spiritual life of China's future generations. PMID:12338054

1980-02-01

240

Angra Neutrino Project: status and plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the status and plans of the Angra Project, a new nuclear reactor neutrino oscillation experiment, proposed to be built in Brazil at the Angra dos Reis nuclear reactor complex. This experiment is aimed to measure ?, the last unknown of the three neutrino mixing angles. Combining a high luminosity design, very low background from cosmic rays and careful control of systematic errors at the 1% level, we propose a high sensitivity multi-detector experiment, able to reach a sensitivity to antineutrino disappearance down to sin2?=0.006 in a three years running period, improving present limits constrained by the CHOOZ experiment by more than an order of magnitude.

Anjos, J. C.; Barbosa, A. F.; Funchal, R. Z.; Kemp, E.; Magnin, J.; Nunokawa, H.; Peres, O. L. G.; Reyna, D.; Shellard, R. C.

2006-05-01

241

International family-planning training for nurse practitioners.  

PubMed

Since the mid-1970s, the Margaret Sanger Center of Planned Parenthood of New York City has prepared nurses and nurse midwives from less developed countries to be family-planning nurse practitioners. These nurse practitioners then provide services to patients, train other staff, and manage integrated family-planning clinics. More than 120 nurses and nurse midwives have arrived in groups of 10 at the Sanger Center, with 72 attending since 1981. Each course lasts 10 weeks. The core curriculum provides trainees with skills in women's health care including contraception, in training and advocacy, and in management of clinics. Whether, in the current period of scarce resources, cross-cultural training programs of this type remain a worthwhile investment, and if so, which of their components are most important to this success, is assessed. PMID:3641903

Vansintejan, G A; Purdy, P J

1986-01-01

242

Student Wellbeing and Development (renamed from `Pastoral Care') Work Slate Project -Project Initiation Plan  

E-print Network

Student Wellbeing and Development (renamed from `Pastoral Care') Work Slate Project - Project Initiation Plan Project objectives The Student Wellbeing and Development Project will investigate, report and make recommendations about the appropriate support of student wellbeing and development

Viglas, Anastasios

243

Policy guidelines for collective bargaining and family planning.  

PubMed

The benfits of establishing family planning through collective bargaining to both labor and management are discussed. Until workers can be convinced that their children will receive health care, education and employment, and that they will be economically secure in old age, it is difficult to convince them of the many benefits of child spacing and small family size. In 1953, it was calculated by management in a Japanese steel factory that about 70% of all acidents could be attributable to difficulties in the private lives of employees. In order to ease problems in the home, collective agreements were initiated by management in the Nippon Express Company to provide family planning services. Labor agreed as long as the workers were to share in the economic awards which came from participation. Costs of implementing the family planning programs were fully offset by the decrease in expenditure on family allowances, confinement, nursing, and so on. In India some ten estates began a program in which a certain amount of money is paid into an account for every month that a woman does not become pregnant. If the woman becomes pregnant, she forfeits a substantial amount of the fund. This money comes directly from the funds which would normally have to be set aside to provide for maternity and child support programs. Certain guidelines are presented in the paper to outline the areas of responsibility of labor and management in the provision of family planning services. Among the many possibilities mentioned is the idea that both labor and management could look into the conceivability of plowing back a portion of whatever savings are accrued by management into a pension scheme to compensate workers for the loss of labor caused by having fewer children than were previously anticipated. PMID:12306650

Finnigan, O D; Parulan, D

1973-01-01

244

Fertility and family planning in Accra.  

PubMed

A sample of 1000 currently married women aged 25-39 and living in 3 geographic areas of the Ghanaian capital were interviewed about their contraceptive knowledge and practice. Slightly over 90% of the respondents said that they had heard of ways to delay or prevent pregnancy. There was no difference between the 3 areas, but more of those aged 30-34 had heard about contraception. The chances that a respondent had heard about contraception increased with the level of education. Catholics were less likely to have heard of any contraceptive methods than Protestants. Also, women engaged in traditional informal occupations were the least likely to have heard of any contraceptive methods. Overall, education emerged as the most important differentiating factor. The pill, condom, and IUD were the best known methods. Regarding actual contraceptive practice, only 41% of the respondents were currently using some form of contraception, with about 19% using modern and 27% traditional methods. Results of contraceptive usage by user characteristics show that the majority of women in 2/3 of the areas rely on a mixture of traditional and modern methods; that the % of users (any method) increases with age up to 30-34 years, after which it decreases. The % of ever-users of any type of contraception in this study is highest for the highest education levels, at 84% for women with 2ndary and post 2ndary education. With the exception of the IUD, douche and folklore methods, better educated women have higher ever-use %s for both traditional and modern methods. While the %s of users increases with education for foam, diaphragm and withdrawal; the reverse is observed for the pill and IUD, probably due to fear of negative side effects. Overall, there are no significant variations in contraceptive use by migration status; but the % of non-users is highest among recent migrants who are also the least likely to have ever used modern methods. Fertility differentials across ethnic groups have been observed in Ghana. The Akan have the highest fertility, followed by the Ewe and Ga-Adangbe with moderate fertility, and the northern ethnic groups with the lowest fertility. The Akan also have the highest % of ever users of modern contraceptives, an inconsistency which may be explained by their recent recognition of the burdens of high fertility and their attempts to control it. Religious differences are pronounced, especially between the traditional category on the 1 hand, and Christians and Muslims on the other. Results of an analysis of variance suggests that family size is the strongest motivation for adopting modern contraception, and that it may be used for limiting rather than spacing births. PMID:3944146

Fosu, G B

1986-01-01

245

Business System Planning Project, Alternatives Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The CHG Chief Information Officer (CIO) requested a study of alternatives to the current business system computing environment. This Business Systems Planning (BSP) Project Alternatives Analysis document presents an analysis of the current Project Controls, Work Management, and Business Management systems environment and alternative solutions that support the business functions. The project team has collected requirements and priorities from stakeholders in each business area and documented them in the BSP System Requirements Specification (SRS), RPP-6297. The alternatives analysis process identifies and measures possible solutions in each of the business process areas against the requirements as documented in the SRS. The team gathered input from both internal and external sources to identify and grade the possible solutions. This document captures the results of that activity and recommends a suite of software products. This study was to select the best product based on how well the product met the requirements, not to determine the platform or hardware environment that would be used. Additional analysis documentation can be found in BSP project files.

EVOSEVICH, S.

2000-10-30

246

[The nature of family planning management in China].  

PubMed

Family planning (FP) program management in China uses the power of the state to manage population reproduction. the characteristics of program management are as follows. 1) The FP program is for the benefit of the state, community and individual, 2) the FP program is a process of birth planning under social planning rather than an individual family's planning, 3) FP include both restriction on the number of people and the improvement of the quality of the population. 4) FP is a public affair. Government organizations at all levels of coordination and mobilize the FP program so that people of all walks of life can participate. 5) People participate in the FP program management by expressing their views in the people's congress, through communication with administration leadership, and through self-education. The special features of FP program management in China are also reflected in its concerns with a variety of target populations, its need for cooperation from people and its need for involvement of all institutions and enterprises. As the human reproductive cycle is long, making a long- term strategic policy for FP is no less important than long-term economic planning. The management of the program should emphasize direction and persuasion, the provision of services and help to people, and the efforts to involve government or public organizations in promoting planning programs. PMID:12159349

Pei, Z

1989-07-01

247

[Circular on census and family planning of 1990].  

PubMed

In 1990 the Census Leading Group under the State Council, the State Family Planning Commission, and the Ministry of Public Security issued a circular on census and family planning calling for various localities to do a good job in registering children who were born beyond the state target. The circular provides the following: "1. To strictly enforce the policy for family planning and allow no children who were born beyond the state target to register themselves for residence, it is necessary to clarify issues to the local cadres. While acknowledging their enthusiasm in implementing the state policy for family planning, we must ask them to allow some children who were born beyond the state target to register themselves for the census and residence on the basis of the relevant regulations of the State Council. 2. It is necessary to carry out ideological work well among those cadres who did not report the number of children who were born beyond the state plan because of political reasons or material benefits, so that they will report childbirths and have those children registered. In general, no further investigation will be made as long as the children born beyond the state target have truthfully registered themselves during this census. However, those who continuously refuse to tell the truth will be severely dealt with when they are caught. 3. It is necessary to strengthen propaganda and education work among the masses who dare not report the births of children beyond the state target for fear of possible punishment, and make them understand that the census is aimed at managing state affairs and providing scientific data for working out various policies for social and economic developments. Therefore, it is necessary to report things as they are." The circular also provides that "Family planning is China's basic state policy. It is wrong to give birth to any child beyond the state target. It is impermissable to do so. From now on, we still need to enforce the policy of family planning." PMID:12343815

1990-04-17

248

Sex education and family planning messages in Greek school books.  

PubMed

The Greek Family Planning Association (GFPA) completed in march 1990 a 3-year effort to evaluate whether sex education was an integral part of the school curricula. It was reported by a representative of the Pedagogical Institute in the Ministry of Education and Religion that important efforts have been made. The findings were presented at the 2nd Sex Education and Health seminar in March, 1990. Greek primary schools have 1 teacher for all lessons; but specialists in various fields of the secondary school curricula. Primary school books have various references and pictures on human reproduction. Equality of the sexes socially and culturally is represented, as well as good health messages on nutrition and hygiene. Noticeably absent, however, is any reference to human sexuality, nude human body or sex organ pictures, or other non-traditional family models. Family planning and contraception are also missing; teacher training or special courses are needed. Secondary school books have clear but limited messages. For example, there is a whole page on the philosophy and aims of family planning, but parenthood is only presented in the context of traditional marriage without contraception. It is recommended that legislative support be engaged to insure that sex education programs are systematic, age-specific, and a continuous activity from the primary level. Another important role in the implementation and curriculum development of sex education is one played by teachers and health professionals, those in touch with young people. GFPA needs to compile basic guidelines for those teaching sex education. PMID:12343171

Frisiras, S; Lagiou, A; Sourtzi, P; Vidalaki, M

1991-05-01

249

[Preliminary achievements of China's national economy development and family planning].  

PubMed

A preliminary view of the population control policies of the People's Republic of China is the subject of this report. The report maintains that population control policies are closely linked to economic growth and indicates that criticism by the West of these policies is unfounded. According to an investigation of 1000 married women of child-bearing age carried out in 1981, 19.1% of them have 1 child, 21.4% of them have 2, 49.5% have 3 and only 9.9% of them have no children. This would seem to refute the West's idea of the "1 child only" policy as strict and clear-cut. The report maintains that economic growth and family planning are functions of one another. Although China has made marked progress in population control, its population problem is still far from being resolved as population growth is still relatively high compared to productivity. The marriageable population is extremely high and increase in population create a burden on education, employment, transportation, welfare, housing and medicine each year. The trend in rural areas (which make up 80% of China's population) to have larger families to produce more labor must be reversed in order to make population control objectives feasible. Thus, the need for China to continue its efforts to promote rural economy and family planning must continue. The needs for improvement in promotion and family planning education as well as for improved medical conditions are also evident. PMID:12159290

Xu, D

1986-01-29

250

Report on the Preservation Planning Project: University of Pennsylvania Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Pennsylvania Libraries' Preservation Planning Project was designed to explore new ideas for planning and operating a preservation program for the Penn Library. The first goal of the project was to study the feasibility of an organizational plan that would put the preservation effort under the direction of a small internal staff…

Sparks, Peter G., Comp.

251

Single-shell tank interim stabilization project plan  

SciTech Connect

This project plan establishes the management framework for conduct of the TWRS Single-Shell Tank Interim Stabilization completion program. Specifically, this plan defines the mission needs and requirements; technical objectives and approach; organizational structure, roles, responsibilities, and interfaces; and operational methods. This plan serves as the project executional baseline.

Ross, W.E.

1998-05-11

252

Single Shell Tank (SST) Interim Stabilization Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This project plan establishes the management framework for the conduct of the CHG Single-Shell Tank Interim Stabilization completion program. Specifically, this plan defines the mission needs and requirements; technical objectives and approach; organization structure, roles, responsibilities, and interfaces; and operational methods. This plan serves as the project executional baseline.

VLADIMIROFF, D.T.; BOYLES, V.C.

2000-05-22

253

The nurse practitioner in family planning services: law and practice.  

PubMed

Before 1971, when Idaho became the 1st state to authorize expanded scope of functions for registered nurses, nearly all states made it illegal for any nurse to perform diagnosis or prescribe treatment, creating an ambiguity as more and more nurses were equipped by education and technology to perform new tasks. Today 30 states have liberalized the scope of nursing functions, making it possible for nurses and nurse-midwives to assume, among other tasks, family planning functions. A table gives the status of legislation and regulations governing nurse practitioners and nurse-midwives in each state. The area of greatest controversy is the prescription of oral contraceptives. In some states it is allowed under doctor's supervision or in rural areas or in areas where clear need exists for a nurse to dispense such medication. Usually this dispensing is limited to a single course of treatment. Nurse-midwives are rapidly being accepted as extensions of scarce medical facilities. Generally nurse-midwives are authorized to provide prenatal and postpartum care, to handle normal deliveries, and do family planning work including fitting diaphragms and inserting and removing IUDs. An innovation is the family planning nurse practitioner. Several courses for such practitioners have been set up across the U.S. Graduates may, with medical direction, perform bimanual pelvic examinations and breast examinations, take blood pressure, prescribe contraception, fit diaphragms, insert IUDs, examine vaginal secretions microscopically, and refer patients with problems to physicians. In a California program both registered and nonregistered nurses are being trained as women's health specialists who may make routine examinations in both pregnant and nonpregnant women and give family planning advice. Non-RN family planning specialists being trained include licensed vocational nurses, baccalaureate degree holders in nonnursing fields, and qualified persons with less formal education. The 24-week course was authorized under a California State Department of Health demonstration program. While there may be serious concern that nurse-practitioners or other trained personnel may be used in place of physicians in poor neighborhoods and rural areas, others feel that use of such personnel will help make family planning and well-baby services more generally available and conserve valuable physician time for those cases which need greater skill and training. PMID:12259979

Roemer, R

1977-06-01

254

PROJECT INITIATION FORM FACILITY SERVICES PLANNING, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION  

E-print Network

PROJECT INITIATION FORM FACILITY SERVICES ­ PLANNING, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION 202 Facility Services would like an appointment to discuss the project. Department: College: Requestor's Name: E-mail : Phone: Project Contact: (if other than requestor): E-mail : Phone: B. PROJECT INFORMATION Project Location

Stephens, Jacqueline

255

Risk Management Plan Electron Beam Ion Source Project  

E-print Network

Risk Management Plan for the Electron Beam Ion Source Project (EBIS) Project # 06-SC-002 risks, where "risk" refers to factors within the Project's control that threaten project performance. There are three specific areas of risk that can be controlled and managed by the EBIS Project team and these are

256

Career Planning in Harmony with Family Values and Needs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Balancing career and family! Balancing what you love and who you love!! It is such an attention getting topic. And yet, if you really think about it, people have been doing it for ages. What makes it challenging in today's world is the dual income families that throw off-balance of traditional style of balancing family and profession. Balancing family and career is not as difficult. The question is more meaningful when you ask how do you find the right balance, and in fact, what is the right balance? How do you know you are there? Happiness at home and self esteem due to work is genderless issue however, it is essentially talked more in the context of women. Some of the things that could be helpful in achieving the right balance, are time management, proper prioritization, asking for help, a caring family, friends, and most importantly colleagues. In the portfolio of professional passions, it is important to identify the areas that are conducive to possibilities of changing family needs, international families, spouse's career and job relocation, etc. So, the bottom line question is whether it is possible to find a right balance between family and career? I would submit to you that with passion, courage, open- mindedness, and proper career planning, it is definitely possible. We just need to utilize the same techniques in choosing and sustaining the right balance that we use in identifying research topics and executing it. This discussion will look into further details of the challenges of balancing family and career from the perspective of also an immigrant, and possible ways of overcoming them.

Dubey, Archana

2008-03-01

257

First Steps toward School Success: Promising Practices in Even Start Family Projects Serving Infants and Toddlers and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federally funded Even Start Family Literacy Program supports local family-centered education projects intended to help families with young children break the cycle of poverty and illiteracy. This report documents the efforts of nine Even Start projects that demonstrate promising practices in serving infants and toddlers and their families. The…

Nathanson, Sara; Stief, Elizabeth; Marzke, Carolyn; O'Brien, Eileen

258

Project X Accelerator R&D Plan  

SciTech Connect

Project X is a high intensity proton facility conceived to support a world-leading program in neutrino and flavor physics over the next two decades at Fermilab. Project X is an integral part of the Fermilab Roadmap as described in the Fermilab Steering Group Report. Project X is based on an 8 GeV superconducting H-linac, paired with the existing (but modified) Main Injector and Recycler Ring, to provide in excess of 2 MW of beam power throughout the energy range 60-120 GeV, simultaneous with at least 100 kW of beam power at 8 GeV. The linac utilizes technology in common with the ILC over the energy range 0.6-8.0 GeV. Beam current parameters can be made identical to ILC resulting in identical rf generation and distribution systems. This alignment of ILC and Project X technologies allows for a shared development effort. The initial 0.6 GeV of the linac draws heavily on technology developed by Argonne National Laboratory for a facility for rare isotope beams. It is anticipated that the exact configuration and operating parameters of the linac will be defined through the R&D program and will retain alignment with the ILC plan as it evolves over this period. Utilization of the Recycler Ring as an H{sup -} stripper and accumulator ring is the key element that provides the flexibility to operate the linac with the same beam parameters as the ILC. The linac operates at 5 Hz with a total of 5.6 x 10{sup 13} H{sup -} ions delivered per pulse. H{sup -} are stripped at injection into the Recycler in a manner that 'paints' the beam both transversely and longitudinally to reduce space charge forces. Following the 1 ms injection, the orbit moves off the stripping foil and circulates for 200 msec, awaiting the next injection. Following three such injections a total of 1.7 x 10{sup 14} protons are transferred in a single turn to the Main Injector. These protons are then accelerated to 120 GeV and fast extracted to a neutrino target. The Main Injector cycle takes 1.4 seconds, producing approximately 2.3 MW of beam power at 120 GeV. At lower proton energies Main Injector cycle times can be shorter, allowing a beam power above 2 MW in the range of proton energy between 60 GeV and 120 GeV. In parallel, because the loading of the Recycler only requires 0.6 seconds, up to four linac cycles are available for accumulation and distribution of 8 GeV protons from the Recycler. Total available 8 GeV beam power lies in the range of 100-200 kW, depending on the energy in the Main Injector. Primary modifications to the existing accelerator complex to support Project X include integration of an H{sup -} injection system, a new RF system, a new extraction system, and measures to mitigate electron cloud effects, in the Recycler Ring. The Main Injector would need a new RF system, measures to preserve beam stability through transition, and measures to mitigate electron cloud effects. Finally, substantial modifications to the existing NuMI target station will be required to support >2 MW operations. It is anticipated that Project X configured as described above would initially support high intensity neutrino beams to the NOvA experiment, in parallel with at least one new 8 GeV based flavor/rare decay experiment. Depending upon future directions flexibility is retained for delivering neutrinos toward the DUSEL site and/or protons into the Tevatron. The purpose of this document is to describe an R&D plan that would position the U.S. to initiate construction of Project X in the 2012 time frame, assuming a go ahead decision in roughly 2010. The organization of this document is as follows: (1) Goals - Describes goals of the R&D and preliminary design period (2008-2011). Included are design, technical development, project documentation, and organizational goals. These are described in the context of an overall set of performance goals for Project X. (2) R&D Plan Elements - Describes the essential technical elements of the plan, including major subsystem performance requirements, associated accelerator and technology issues, and the plans for add

Not Available

2008-01-31

259

PRE-QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN (QAPP) AGREEMENT (PQA) (HANDOUT)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division (LRPCD) QA Manager strives to assist LRPCD researchers in developing functional planning documents for their research projects. As part of the planning process, several pieces of information are needed, including information re...

260

National Ignition Facility project acquisition plan revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this National Ignition Facility Acquisition Plan is to describe the overall procurement strategy planned for the National Ignition Facility M Project. It was prepared for the NIP Prood Office by the NIF Procurement Manager.

Clobes, A.R.

1996-10-01

261

An automated clinic management system for a family planning network.  

PubMed

The medical information, financial, and logistic aspects of a comprehensive computer-based Appointment, Registration, Information System, and Evaluation (ARISE) are analyzed for the management of a family planning program serving 30,000 patients annually. An overview of the existing computer system network is presented with descriptions of the interactive master patient index, the batch appointment process, the management statistics package, and Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) reporting. Emphasis is placed on the financial management control system which includes 1) procedures for third-party submission of claims for payment, in particular Titles IVA, XX, and XIX (Social Security Act), together with discussion of related administrative requirements; 2) technics of auditing data integrity including systematic sampling of collected data; and 3) the process of billing and receipts collection. Methodology and implementation aspects of ARISE may have wide applicability to other family planning and similarly structured clinical programs. PMID:876564

Mize, S G; Heartwell, S F; Ellis, R G; Walther, M D; Mishelevich, D J; Baine, M S; MacDonald, P C

1977-08-01

262

The economic consequences of reproductive health and family planning.  

PubMed

We consider the evidence for the effect of access to reproductive health services on the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, and 3, which aim to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, and promote gender equality and empower women. At the household level, controlled trials in Matlab, Bangladesh, and Navrongo, Ghana, have shown that increasing access to family planning services reduces fertility and improves birth spacing. In the Matlab study, findings from long-term follow-up showed that women's earnings, assets, and body-mass indexes, and children's schooling and body-mass indexes, substantially improved in areas with improved access to family planning services compared with outcomes in control areas. At the macroeconomic level, reductions in fertility enhance economic growth as a result of reduced youth dependency and an increased number of women participating in paid labour. PMID:22784535

Canning, David; Schultz, T Paul

2012-07-14

263

Business System Planning Project System Requirements Specification  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Business Systems Planning Project System Requirements Specification (SRS) is to provide the outline and contents of the requirements for the CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) integrated business and technical information systems. The SRS will translate proposed objectives into the statement of the functions that are to be performed and data and information flows that they require. The requirements gathering methodology will use (1) facilitated group requirement sessions; (2) individual interviews; (3) surveys; and (4) document reviews. The requirements will be verified and validated through coordination of the technical requirement team and CHG Managers. The SRS document used the content and format specified in Lockheed Martin Services, Inc. Organization Standard Software Practices in conjunction with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standard 8340-1984 for Systems Requirements Documents.

NELSON, R.E.

2000-09-08

264

[Family planning among teenage mothers in a Cameroonian centre].  

PubMed

This study was carried out in Yaounde (Cameroon) in 1995 to determine the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of teenage mothers towards family planning. The study was based on a questionnaire administered at household level drawn from previously determined clusters. It was accomplished by recruiting 462 teenage mothers with ages ranging from 14 to 19 years and who had 1 to 3 children. On the whole, 93.9% had heard of family planning, 72.5% had heard of family planning centres, but only 43% had been to one of these centres at least once. With regards to contraceptive prevalence, 62.1% affirmed the use of a contraceptive method at the time of the study with periodic abstinence being the most widely used (35.9%). Besides the common methods, some teenage mothers made use of herbal concoctions and vaginal douching, sometimes with permanganate or the taking of tablets. Nineteen per cent of respondents had had between one and four episodes of induced abortion. According to these teenagers, the ideal average age for first delivery is 19.7 +/- 2.5 years, whereas that of nubility is 22.8 +/- 3.3 years, a difference of 3 years. This suggests that on the whole, teenage mothers believe that first delivery must precede marriage. PMID:12471919

Adonis, T; Joseph, K; Françoise, N; Bergis, S E; Charles, K

2001-08-01

265

State administration and financing of family planning services.  

PubMed

A 1971 survey by the Center for Family Planning Program Development consisted of a questionnaire mailed to health and welfare directors in 50 states and 5 federal jurisdictions concerning their family planning policies and administrative practices. 52 agencies responded; Guam, Mississippi, and Louisiana did not. The major funding for state health agencies was allocated by HEW and by maternal and child health (MCH) formula grants under Title 5 of the Social Security Act. 11 states made additional expenditures of $1.7 million for a variety of purposes. 21 states required local welfare departments to purchase services under the Medicaid program established by Title 19 of the Social Security Act. Administration was assigned to specific organizations within the state health agencies. 31 states reported a total of 128 full-time professional personnel, with 90 assigned at state headquarters level. In general, on a state-by-state basis, the full-time staff does not correspond to the size of the appropriations. Survey findings were useful measures of resource commitments to family planning services by state health and welfare agencies and provided data on future levels of resource requirements. PMID:5052570

Weinberg, D

1972-04-01

266

Condom promotion and use: family planning versus HIV protection.  

PubMed

Condoms have been used since the 16th century as a prophylactic agent against sexually transmitted diseases. With regards to family planning, condoms are used for spacing and prevention of pregnancy. However, after the invention of more reliable contraceptives, condoms lost their popularity as a contraceptive agent, only to regain it in the wake of the AIDS epidemic. The main concern in using condoms has always been the high failure rate, which tends to be a complicated issue given that it's efficacy is affected by the motivation and characteristic of the user. Irrespective of the numerous advantages of the condom, at present there is little incentive to use them on a routine basis. Reasons for this objection include the fact that condoms not only interfere with sex, but are unnatural and leave the man very unsatisfied. Promoting condoms in developing countries is both a cultural and political issue, stemming from the misleading preconception of the man's role in family planning. For instance, condoms are infamous for their use in illicit sex, and as such cannot be used on a relatively respectable individual. The challenge in condom promotion is the creation of a new image based on family planning, reliability aspects of condoms, noninterference with pleasure concept and the added value of protection against STD's. PMID:12316117

Mundigo, A I

1989-12-01

267

AIDS and family planning counseling of psychiatrically ill women in community mental health clinics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-two of 83 mental health professionals, including psychiatrists, were surveyed to determine their attitudes and behaviors toward AIDS prevention and family planning counseling with psychiatrically ill female outpatients. Nearly all reported that information should be provided on AIDS and family planning. However, they reported that they had raised topics of AIDS with only 19% of patients and family planning with

John H. Coverdale; John F. Aruffo

1992-01-01

268

Family Planning in Five Continents: Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania. November 1975 Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document gives highlights of the family planning situation in countries of the world, together with basic demographic statistics. Its purpose is to provide a quick reference source for those who work in family planning, population, and other related fields. Following a brief history of the pioneering work in family planning, population…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

269

45 CFR 286.70 - Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.70 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

270

45 CFR 286.165 - How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended? 286.165...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

271

45 CFR 286.165 - How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended? 286.165...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2012-10-01

272

45 CFR 286.70 - Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.70 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2014-10-01

273

45 CFR 286.165 - How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended? 286.165...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2013-10-01

274

45 CFR 286.165 - How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended? 286.165...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2011-10-01

275

45 CFR 286.70 - Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.70 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2012-10-01

276

45 CFR 286.70 - Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.70 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2011-10-01

277

45 CFR 286.165 - How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2012-10-01 true How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended? 286.165...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2014-10-01

278

[Psychosocial research and family planning services in Mexico].  

PubMed

Psychosocial and service studies round out data from the demographic and contraceptive prevalence studies that have been conducted every 3 years since 1976 in Mexico. The studies can be formative, providing basic information for development of a program, or evaluative, indicating how well a program is performing. Among formative psychosocial studies in Mexico have been knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) studies, which are usually helpful in the initial stages of family planning program implementation. A 1964 study of knowledge and practice in 7 Mexican cities showed that attitudes toward family planning were more traditional and disapproving in Mexico City than in other areas, but that many women wanted no more children. About 1/4 of the population of Mexico City knew no contraceptive methods and about 1/2 knew only less effective traditional methods. By 1979, 72% of women knew at least 1 effective method. KAP studies have demonstrated differences in the family size desires of men and women and in the determinants of attitudes toward birth control. Formative studies of surgical contraception have been psychologically oriented, and have helped provide a rational basis for making the operation accessible to the public. Despite some passing problems, most women have adapted to sterilization and their libidos have normalized by 18 months postoperative. Studies of the knowledge and attitudes of physicians conducted in the early days of family planning programs have helped in the design of programs to inform them of the advantages and side affects of contraceptive methods. Other studies have helped identify traditional midwives with large practices in rural areas who could be trained to deliver family planning services and have demonstrated that they develop a good understanding of contraindications and side effects of oral contraceptives. Teaching materials for IEC programs have been evaluated with small samples, but minimal attention has been given to research on the best ways of providing family planning education for physicians, nurses, students, promoters, husbands, or other population groups. The greatest effort appears to have focused on development of educational materials for illiterates. Evaluative research on messages transmitted in IEC campaigns has however been abundant since the start of the programs. Careful studies of IEC c ampaigns in 1980-81 indicated that they improved knowledge of basic aspects of family planning considerably but had little effect on values and beliefs associated with family planning. Data on new acceptors in Mexico have come primarily from institutional registration systems, special studies, and as a subproduct of demographic surveys. Careful studies done by private organizations have provided information needed to reformulate commercial distribution programs and design supporting IEC campagns for their users and agents. Evaluative service studies have focuses on identifying factors in differential continuation rates for different methods and programs. Research on service delivery in rural areas has helped identify the most productive type of community worker and has uncovered causes of dissatisfaction and high turnover among workers which impairs their performance. PMID:4071277

Urbina Fuentes, M; Vernon Carter, R

1985-01-01

279

7 CFR 1220.117 - Plans and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.117 Plans and projects....

2010-01-01

280

Project Management Plan (PMP) for Work Management Implementation  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide a project plan for Work Management Implementation by the River Protection Project (RPP). Work Management is an information initiative to implement industry best practices by replacing some Tank Farm legacy system

SHIPLER, C.E.

2000-01-13

281

QA program plan plutonium stabilization and handling project W-460  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) identifies Project Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all parties participating in the design, procurement, demolition, construction, installation, inspection and testing for Project W-460.

SCHULTZ, J.W.

1999-09-02

282

Successful proof of concept of family planning and immunization integration in liberia.  

PubMed

Globally, unmet need for postpartum family planning remains high, while immunization services are among the most wide-reaching and equitable interventions. Given overlapping time frames, integrating these services provides an opportunity to leverage existing health visits to offer women more comprehensive services. From March through November 2012, Liberia's government, with support from the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP), piloted an integrated family planning and immunization model at 10 health facilities in Bong and Lofa counties. Vaccinators provided mothers bringing infants for routine immunization with targeted family planning and immunization messages and same-day referrals to co-located family planning services. In February 2013, we compared service statistics for family planning and immunization during the pilot against the previous year's statistics. We also conducted in-depth interviews with service providers and other personnel and focus group discussions with clients. Results showed that referral acceptance across the facilities varied from 10% to 45% per month, on average. Over 80% of referral acceptors completed the family planning visit that day, of whom over 90% accepted a contraceptive method that day. The total number of new contraceptive users at participating facilities increased by 73% in Bong and by 90% in Lofa. Women referred from immunization who accepted family planning that day accounted for 44% and 34% of total new contraceptive users in Bong and Lofa, respectively. In Lofa, pilot sites administered 35% more Penta 1 and 21% more Penta 3 doses during the pilot period compared with the same period of the previous year, while Penta 1 and Penta 3 administration decreased in non-pilot facilities. In Bong, there was little difference in the number of Penta 1 and Penta 3 doses administered between pilot and non-pilot facilities. In both counties, Penta 1 to Penta 3 dropout rates increased at pilot sites but not in non-pilot facilities, possibly due to higher than average background dropout rates at pilot sites prior to the intervention in Lofa and the disproportionate effect of data from 1 large facility in Bong. The project provided considerable basic support to assess this proof of concept. However, results suggest that introducing a simple model that is minimally disruptive to existing immunization service delivery can facilitate integration. The model is currently being scaled-up to other counties in Liberia, which could potentially contribute to increased postpartum contraceptive uptake, leading to longer birth intervals and improved health outcomes for children and mothers. PMID:25745121

Cooper, Chelsea M; Fields, Rebecca; Mazzeo, Corinne I; Taylor, Nyapu; Pfitzer, Anne; Momolu, Mary; Jabbeh-Howe, Cuallau

2015-03-01

283

Successful Proof of Concept of Family Planning and Immunization Integration in Liberia  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Globally, unmet need for postpartum family planning remains high, while immunization services are among the most wide-reaching and equitable interventions. Given overlapping time frames, integrating these services provides an opportunity to leverage existing health visits to offer women more comprehensive services. From March through November 2012, Liberia's government, with support from the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP), piloted an integrated family planning and immunization model at 10 health facilities in Bong and Lofa counties. Vaccinators provided mothers bringing infants for routine immunization with targeted family planning and immunization messages and same-day referrals to co-located family planning services. In February 2013, we compared service statistics for family planning and immunization during the pilot against the previous year's statistics. We also conducted in-depth interviews with service providers and other personnel and focus group discussions with clients. Results showed that referral acceptance across the facilities varied from 10% to 45% per month, on average. Over 80% of referral acceptors completed the family planning visit that day, of whom over 90% accepted a contraceptive method that day. The total number of new contraceptive users at participating facilities increased by 73% in Bong and by 90% in Lofa. Women referred from immunization who accepted family planning that day accounted for 44% and 34% of total new contraceptive users in Bong and Lofa, respectively. In Lofa, pilot sites administered 35% more Penta 1 and 21% more Penta 3 doses during the pilot period compared with the same period of the previous year, while Penta 1 and Penta 3 administration decreased in non-pilot facilities. In Bong, there was little difference in the number of Penta 1 and Penta 3 doses administered between pilot and non-pilot facilities. In both counties, Penta 1 to Penta 3 dropout rates increased at pilot sites but not in non-pilot facilities, possibly due to higher than average background dropout rates at pilot sites prior to the intervention in Lofa and the disproportionate effect of data from 1 large facility in Bong. The project provided considerable basic support to assess this proof of concept. However, results suggest that introducing a simple model that is minimally disruptive to existing immunization service delivery can facilitate integration. The model is currently being scaled-up to other counties in Liberia, which could potentially contribute to increased postpartum contraceptive uptake, leading to longer birth intervals and improved health outcomes for children and mothers. PMID:25745121

Cooper, Chelsea M; Fields, Rebecca; Mazzeo, Corinne I; Taylor, Nyapu; Pfitzer, Anne; Momolu, Mary; Jabbeh-Howe, Cuallau

2015-01-01

284

World population growth, family planning, and American foreign policy.  

PubMed

The US decision since the 1960s to link foreign policy with family planning and population control is noteworthy for its intention to change the demographic structure of foreign countries and the magnitude of the initiative. The current population ideologies are part of the legacy of 19th century views on science, morality, and political economy. Strong constraints were placed on US foreign policy since World War II, particularly due to presumptions about the role of developing countries in Cold War ideology. Domestic debates revolved around issues of feminism, birth control, abortion, and family political issues. Since the 1960s, environmental degradation and resource depletion were an added global dimension of US population issues. Between 1935 and 1958 birth control movements evolved from the ideologies of utopian socialists, Malthusians, women's rights activists, civil libertarians, and advocates of sexual freedom. There was a shift from acceptance of birth control to questions about the role of national government in supporting distribution of birth control. Immediately postwar the debates over birth control were outside political circles. The concept of family planning as a middle class family issue shifted the focus from freeing women from the burdens of housework to making women more efficient housewives. Family planning could not be taken as a national policy concern without justification as a major issue, a link to national security, belief in the success of intervention, and a justifiable means of inclusion in public policy. US government involvement began with agricultural education, technological assistance, and economic development that would satisfy the world's growing population. Cold War politics forced population growth as an issue to be considered within the realm of foreign policy and diplomacy. US government sponsored family planning was enthusiastic during 1967-74 but restrained during the 1980s. The 1990s has been an era of redefinition of the issues and increased divisiveness among environmentalists, feminists, and population control advocates. The current justification of US population program assistance is based on concern for the health of women and children. Future changes will be dependent on ideology, theology, and political philosophy. PMID:12346346

Sharpless, J

1995-01-01

285

Systems Engineering Management Plan. Volume 5 of the MRS Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) Project Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to define and establish the MRS Project Systems Engineering process that implements the approved policy and requirements of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for the US Department of Energy (DOE). This plan is Volume 5 of the MRS Project Management Plan (PMP). This plan provides the framework for implementation of systems engineering on the MRS Project consistent with DOE Order 4700.1, the OCRWM Program Management System Manual (PMSM), and the OCRWM Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP).

Not Available

1994-01-01

286

The provision of family planning services by family doctors in a Health Board region  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was carried out to ascertain the extent of family planning services provided by family doctors. Of the 134 doctors\\u000a surveyed, 119 (88.8%) replied. Of these 97 (81.5%) were male, 30 (25.2%) were aged less than 40 and 22 (18.5%) were greater\\u000a than 60. Sixty-four (53.8%) worked in single-handed practices, 52(43.7%) were vocationally trained, 101 (84.9%) had the MICGP

D. Bedford; F. Howell; I. Lynskey

1995-01-01

287

Summative Evaluation of the Manukau Family Literacy Project, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers a summative evaluation of a family literacy project in Auckland, New Zealand. The evaluation covered 70 adults and their children over a two year period. Outcomes for the program included literacy skill gains for both adults and children, increased levels of self-confidence and self-efficacy, greater parental involvement in…

Benseman, John Robert; Sutton, Alison Joy

2005-01-01

288

Planning the project management way: Efficient planning by effective integration of causal and resource reasoning in RealPlan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract In most real-world reasoning problems, planning and scheduling phases are loosely coupled. For example, in project planning, the user comes up with a task list and schedules it with a scheduling tool like Microsoft Project. One can view automated,planning in a similar way in which there is an action selection phase where actions are selected and ordered to reach

Biplav Srivastava; Subbarao Kambhampati; Minh Binh Do

2001-01-01

289

Perceived factors of family planning clinic performance and service quality.  

PubMed

As part of a larger operations research project, this 1990 study analyzed the performance of the Philippine Department of Health's (DOH) family planning (FP) clinics. Specific study objectives were 1) to measure acceptor targets, servicing capacity utilization, outreach, and costs; 2) to determine what providers believed affected performance; 3) to record which quality indicator providers use; and 4) to determine the perceptions of acceptors about clinic personnel, the clinic as a FP outlet, FP service processing, and FP service quality. Data were gathered from clinic records and from sample surveys in 25 clinics in four specified locations. Eight clients were sampled from each of the 100 clinics. It was found that clinic staff accepted low attainment of FP acceptor targets and that clinic capacity utilization levels were at 25% of capacity. Providers were unaware of the number of potential FP acceptors in their areas and had no information about the costs of running their clinics. The FP clinic managers identified 34 major determinants of clinic performance, but more than half reported that they had very little control over these determinants. The providers described quality service from the point of view of the acceptors and described the quality of a clinic in terms of the minimal physical characteristics required. The acceptor survey revealed that acceptor satisfaction depends upon 1) clinic accessibility and lay-out, 2) intensive personal contact, and 3) clinic infrastructure. The study uncovered a need for the DOH to institute management training programs for clinic managers and to provide managers with the resources and personnel to shift priorities in favor of FP coverage and prevalence. Managers, who are resource allocators, must also receive information about the costs of FP services in their clinics. In addition, the DOH's determination that its FP program would be facility- rather than community-based should be modified to incorporate community outreach elements. The DOH can also make a big impact on perceptions of quality (of both providers and acceptors) by improving clinic conditions to meet basic standards. Once these basic needs are met, additional needs of acceptors can and must be addressed. PMID:12320234

Roberto, E L

1993-01-01

290

Family Interaction Patterns, Career Planning Attitudes, and Vocational Identity of High School Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to examine how perceptions of family interaction patterns as defined along three dimensions of family environment (quality of family relationships, family goal-orientations, and degree of organization and control within the family system) predict vocational identity and career planning attitudes among male and…

Hargrove, Byron K.; Inman, Arpana G.; Crane, Randy L.

2005-01-01

291

Family Relationships and Advance Care Planning: Do Supportive and Critical Relations Encourage or Hinder Planning?  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The effectiveness of advance care planning (ACP) may depend on family members’ understanding of patient preferences. However, we know of no studies that explore the association between family relationship dynamics and ACP. ACP includes a living will, durable power of attorney for health care (DPAHC) appointment, and discussions. We evaluated the effects of three aspects of family relations—general family functioning, support and criticism from spouse, and support and criticism from children—on both overall ACP and specific DPAHC designations. Method. Using multinomial logistic regression models and data from a sample of 293 older adults, we estimated the effects of family relationship quality on the likelihood of completing ACP and appointing a spouse or adult child as DPAHC. Analyses controlled for demographic and health characteristics. Results. Better overall family functioning increased the odds of ACP. Higher levels of spousal support increased the odds of holding informal discussions, whereas spousal criticism reduced the odds of naming one’s spouse as DPAHC. Both criticism and emotional support from children increased the odds that a child was named as DPAHC. Discussion. Family dynamics affect ACP in complex ways and should be considered when patients and their families discuss end-of-life care and make DPAHC designations. PMID:23286929

2013-01-01

292

Final Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Characterization QA Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan required each U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) site that characterizes transuranic waste to be sent the Waste Isolation Pilot Plan that addresses applicable requirements specified in the quality assurance project plan (QAPP).

GREAGER, T.M.

1999-12-14

293

Integrated Project Teams - An Essential Element of Project Management during Project Planning and Execution - 12155  

SciTech Connect

Managing complex projects requires a capable, effective project manager to be in place, who is assisted by a team of competent assistants in various relevant disciplines. This team of assistants is known as the Integrated Project Team (IPT). he IPT is composed of a multidisciplinary group of people who are collectively responsible for delivering a defined project outcome and who plan, execute, and implement over the entire life-cycle of a project, which can be a facility being constructed or a system being acquired. An ideal IPT includes empowered representatives from all functional areas involved with a project-such as engineering design, technology, manufacturing, test and evaluation, contracts, legal, logistics, and especially, the customer. Effective IPTs are an essential element of scope, cost, and schedule control for any complex, large construction project, whether funded by DOE or another organization. By recently assessing a number of major, on-going DOE waste management projects, the characteristics of high performing IPTs have been defined as well as the reasons for potential IPT failure. Project managers should use IPTs to plan and execute projects, but the IPTs must be properly constituted and the members capable and empowered. For them to be effective, the project manager must select the right team, and provide them with the training and guidance for them to be effective. IPT members must treat their IPT assignment as a primary duty, not some ancillary function. All team members must have an understanding of the factors associated with successful IPTs, and the reasons that some IPTs fail. Integrated Project Teams should be used by both government and industry. (authors)

Burritt, James G.; Berkey, Edgar [Longenecker and Associates, Las Vegas, NV 89135 (United States)

2012-07-01

294

A sensitive approach to family planning motivation in Malaysia.  

PubMed

The goals of the Malaysian Family Planning Program are not only to reduce population growth from 3% to 2% by 1985 and to bring the crude birth rate to 28.2 from 30.3, but to generally improve the health of the family, and to enhance the government's efforts to raise the per capita income. The work program is divided into the Creative Unit, the Media Unit, the Production Unit, and the Field Diffusion Unit. The objectives are to build up strong support from political, community, and opinion leaders, and to run educational campaigns aimed at motivating potential acceptors. The program also runs centers training medical and paramedical personnel. The program is combined with development programs for women, especially useful among the rural population. PMID:12277967

1978-01-01

295

[To raise the family planning work to a new level--a comprehensive introduction to the National Family Planning Working Conference].  

PubMed

The National Family Planning Working Conference convened on August 10-16, 1982 in Beijing, China. Among the 250 conferees were family planning representatives from various provinces, cities, autonomous regions, the People's Liberation Armt, representatives of partial progressive areas, counties, communes, the Central Committee, State Council, All China Women's Federation, All China Federation of Trade Unions, journalists and population theorists. Topics of discussion included the current situation of family planning work, how to implement the Central Committee's directive on improving family planning work, and the relationship between population law and population development by the year 2000. On August 18 Premier Zhao Ziyang told various representatives at a meeting that population control was a longterm national policy and emphasized its importance in long-range economic and social planning. The Vice-premier of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Wang Shoudao, implored the representatives to understand the directive's contents and said family planning would serve later generations. The Chairman of the National Family Planning Commission, Quian Xinzhong, reviewed the current population situation, noting the encouraging fact that the birth rate for the first 6 months of 1982 was higher than the first 6 months in 1981 by only 1/1000. In order to raise birth control work to a new level, he suggested the following steps: strengthen family planning propaganda; strenuously follow the policy of 1 child per family; obtain permission to have a 2nd child; oppose unplanned births; establish various birth control responsibility systems; and improve contraceptive research and techniques. PMID:12159365

Peng, Z L

1982-11-29

296

The use of inter vivos gifts in family estate planning  

E-print Network

gift is made between the living and during the donor' s lifetime. A gift which takes effect upon the death of the donor and one revocable during his lifetime is legally referred to as a "gift causa 2 Commissioner v, G. A. Nontague, 126 F 2d 948... (1942). 10 mortis. " Family estate planning is concerned primarily with lifetime gifts. Under the common law concept three elements must be present to qualify as a valid gift during the donor's lifetime. These mey be stated as intent, delivery...

Lehrmann, Otto Quade

1963-01-01

297

Birth control, population control, and family planning: an overview.  

PubMed

This overview of the US birth control movement reflects on the emergence of family planning policy due to the efforts of Margaret Sanger, feminists, and the civil rights movement, the eugenics motive to limit "deviant" populations, and the population control movement, which aims to solve social and economic problems through fertility control. Population control moved through three stages: from the cause of "voluntary motherhood" to advance suffrage and women's political and social status, to the concept of "birth control" promoted by socialist feminists to help empower women and the working class, to, from 1920 on, a liberal movement for civil rights and population control. Physicians such as Dr. Robert Latou Dickinson legitimized the movement in the formation of the Committee on Maternal Health in 1925, but the movement remained divided until 1939, when Sanger's group merged with the American Birth Control League, the predecessor of the present Planned Parenthood Federation of America. A key legal decision in 1939 in the United States v. One Package amended the Comstock Act and allowed for the distribution of birth control devices by mail to physicians. Sanger, after a brief retirement, formed the International Planned Parenthood Federation and supported research into the pill. Eugenicists through the Committee on Maternal Health supported Christopher Tietze and others developing the pill. Final constitutional access to contraception based on the right to privacy was granted in Griswold v. Connecticut. The ruling in Eisenstadt v. Baird in 1972 extended this right to unmarried persons. The right to privacy was further extended in the Roe v. Wade decision in 1973 on legal abortion. The argument for improving the quality of the population remained from the formation of the Population Reference Bureau in 1929 through the 1960s. Under the leadership of Rockefeller, population control was defined as justified on a scientific and humanitarian basis. US government support for national and international family planning proceeded slowly through the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Congress during 1967-70 enacted strong legislation in support of national and international family planning. The Bucharest conference in 1974 highlighted the inadequacies of international population control that deemphasized economic development. Polarization and divisiveness on population policy persists. PMID:12346341

Critchlow, D T

1995-01-01

298

[The National Conference of Propaganda Work on Family Planning held Beijing].  

PubMed

The National Conference on Propaganda Work in Family Planning, held in Beijing from November 1-6, 1982, was sponsored by the the Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee and the National Family Planning Committee. Among the 136 participants were representatives from various provincial, city, and autonomous region propaganda and family planning units, the General Political Department of the People's Liberation Army, general trade unions, All China Women's Federation, Communist Youth League, and propaganda reporters. The purpose of the conference was to discuss how to organize family planning propaganda in meeting China's goal of limiting the population to 1,200,000,000 by 2000, and how to arrange a Family Planning Propaganda Month for early 1983. The Chairman of the National Family Planning Committee made 3 points: family planning is a basic national policy, greater propaganda efforts must be made towards peasant family planning, and everyone must work hard to create a new situation in family planning work. The Vice Minister of the Propaganda Department remarked that family planning propaganda was foremost among the 12 national propaganda topics; these sentiments were supported totally by the representatives of the women and youth groups. The Vice Chairman of the Advisory Committee of the Central Committee said that family planning work was longterm, and that its success lay in the countryside. Finally, the Vice Chairman of the National Family Planning Committee encouraged all delegates to take the spirit of the conference back to their home. During the conference delegates also met to discuss important points in planning the Family Planning Propaganda Month. PMID:12312938

Ma, B

1983-01-29

299

Family planning in developing nations: a global concern, our concern.  

PubMed

Rapid population growth is a serious problem in many developing countries and family planning policies developed in response to the problem raise many ethical issues; home economists can help the citizens in their respective countries increase their knowledge of population dynamics and help them assess the ethical implications of population and family planning policies. Most developing countries have high population growth rates. The annual population growth rates for 1975-79 were 2.8% for Africa, 2.6% for Latin America, and 2.1% for Asia. Population grows exponentially: a population growing at an annual rate of 3% increases. 1900% in a century. If current population trends continue the world's population will stablize toward the end of the 21st century at about 10 billion persons, compared to the world's present population of 4.3 billion. Rapid population growth not only threatens the future welfare of society as a whole, but currently impedes the economic development of the world's poorest nations. Consequently, the governments in many developing countries have adopted vigorous family planning programs. It is difficult to reduce population growth in developing countries because these countries have a high proportion of young people in their populations, i.e., a high number of persons of reproductive age. Barriers to family planning acceptance include 1) high illiteracy rates 2) high infant mortality rates 3) the high economic and socialvalue placed on children in developing countries and 4)religious beliefs. Methods used by governments to alter population growth include 1) manipulating access to contraceptives, 2)developing programs to alter social determinants of fertility, 3) using propaganda to encourage or discourage birth control and repressing information contrary to the government's policies, 4) offering incentives to those who further government policies and imposing disincentives on those who do not comply with government policies, and 5) exerting political pressure to force individual to comply with the govermnent's policies. The use of some of these methods raises ethical issues. When does pressure become coercion? Is coecion justified by the need to ensure the future welfare of the world? In India, sterilization was promoted by making payments to sterilization acceptors and promoters and to physicians who performed sterilizations. In Taiwan, savings deposits were made for children of couples with 1 or 2 children, and the deposits were decreased in additional childred were born. In China incentives, disincentives, and polititcal and peer pressure are used to promote the governt's family planning policies. Do these strong measures lead to infaticide and to the abuse of children whose births result in economic loss for other family members? Do they violate human rights? These issues should be discussed in home economics classes, and additional efforts must be made to ensure that male students are also provided with population information. Home economists can promote the critical assessment of the population problem and its solutions. PMID:12339668

Harriman, L

1984-01-01

300

Delivering high-quality family planning services in crisis-affected settings I: program implementation.  

PubMed

In 2012, about 43 million women of reproductive age experienced the effects of conflict. Provision of basic sexual and reproductive health services, including family planning, is a recognized right and need of refugees and internally displaced people, but funding and services for family planning have been inadequate. This article describes lessons learned during the first 2.5 years of implementing the ongoing Supporting Access to Family Planning and Post-Abortion Care in Emergencies (SAFPAC) initiative, led by CARE, which supports government health systems to deliver family planning services in 5 crisis-affected settings (Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Mali, and Pakistan). SAFPAC's strategy focuses on 4 broad interventions drawn from public health best practices in more stable settings: competency-based training for providers, improved supply chain management, regular supervision, and community mobilization to influence attitudes and norms related to family planning. Between July 2011 and December 2013, the initiative reached 52,616 new users of modern contraceptive methods across the 5 countries (catchment population of 698,053 women of reproductive age), 61% of whom chose long-acting methods of implants or intrauterine devices. Prudent use of data to inform decision making has been an underpinning to the project's approach. A key approach to ensuring sustained ability to train and supervise new providers has been to build capacity in clinical skills training and supervision by establishing in-country training centers. In addition, monthly supervision using simple checklists has improved program and service quality, particularly with infection prevention procedures and stock management. We have generally instituted a "pull" system to manage commodities and other supplies, whereby health facilities place resupply orders as needed based on actual consumption patterns and stock-alert thresholds. Finally, reaching the community with mobilization efforts appropriate to the cultural context has been integral to meeting unmet family planning needs rapidly in these crisis-affected settings. Despite the constraints in crisis-affected countries, such as travel difficulties due to security issues, in our experience, we have been able to extend access to a range of contraceptive methods, including long-acting reversible contraceptives, in such settings using best practice approaches established in more stable environments. PMID:25745117

Curry, Dora Ward; Rattan, Jesse; Nzau, Jean Jose; Giri, Kamlesh

2015-01-01

301

Delivering High-Quality Family Planning Services in Crisis-Affected Settings I: Program Implementation  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT In 2012, about 43 million women of reproductive age experienced the effects of conflict. Provision of basic sexual and reproductive health services, including family planning, is a recognized right and need of refugees and internally displaced people, but funding and services for family planning have been inadequate. This article describes lessons learned during the first 2.5 years of implementing the ongoing Supporting Access to Family Planning and Post-Abortion Care in Emergencies (SAFPAC) initiative, led by CARE, which supports government health systems to deliver family planning services in 5 crisis-affected settings (Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Mali, and Pakistan). SAFPAC's strategy focuses on 4 broad interventions drawn from public health best practices in more stable settings: competency-based training for providers, improved supply chain management, regular supervision, and community mobilization to influence attitudes and norms related to family planning. Between July 2011 and December 2013, the initiative reached 52,616 new users of modern contraceptive methods across the 5 countries (catchment population of 698,053 women of reproductive age), 61% of whom chose long-acting methods of implants or intrauterine devices. Prudent use of data to inform decision making has been an underpinning to the project's approach. A key approach to ensuring sustained ability to train and supervise new providers has been to build capacity in clinical skills training and supervision by establishing in-country training centers. In addition, monthly supervision using simple checklists has improved program and service quality, particularly with infection prevention procedures and stock management. We have generally instituted a “pull” system to manage commodities and other supplies, whereby health facilities place resupply orders as needed based on actual consumption patterns and stock-alert thresholds. Finally, reaching the community with mobilization efforts appropriate to the cultural context has been integral to meeting unmet family planning needs rapidly in these crisis-affected settings. Despite the constraints in crisis-affected countries, such as travel difficulties due to security issues, in our experience, we have been able to extend access to a range of contraceptive methods, including long-acting reversible contraceptives, in such settings using best practice approaches established in more stable environments. PMID:25745117

Curry, Dora Ward; Rattan, Jesse; Nzau, Jean Jose; Giri, Kamlesh

2015-01-01

302

Permanency Planning for Children with Developmental Disabilities in Pennsylvania: The Lessons of Project Star [and] Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines "permanency planning" and "special needs adoption" for children with disabilities, based on the experience of Project STAR in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Project STAR (Specialized Training for Adoption Readiness) was established in 1985 to provide support services for families of children with disabilities and to locate…

Taylor, Steven J.; And Others

303

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies  

E-print Network

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­ Child and Youth Development and Family Studies major HDFS 24012 Child Development 3 See note 1 on page 2 HDFS 25512-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­ Child and Youth Development - Bachelor of Science [EH

Sheridan, Scott

304

More Information and Better Choices: What Low Income Women Seek from Family Planning Services  

E-print Network

teenage years when many said they knew little about sexuality, birth control, or family planningteenage participants reported that their mothers had talked to them about sex and even taken them for family planning,teenage girls attending a school-based comprehensive health clinic in Dallas. Because family planning

Chetkovich, Carol; Mauldon, Jane; Brindis, Claire; Guendelman, Sylvia

1996-01-01

305

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies Case Management  

E-print Network

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management HDFS 44192 Internship in Human Development and Family Studies: Case Management I 3-6 Offered in fall below #12;SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management

Sheridan, Scott

306

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies Case Management  

E-print Network

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management Internship in Human Development and Family Studies: Case Management I 3-6 Offered in fall only; fulfills THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management for Individuals

Sheridan, Scott

307

Teaching of Family Planning at Medical Nursing and Midwifery Schools in Certain Countries of the Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review is given of the status of family planning education at medical, nursing, and midwifery schools in seven European countries. The report is presented in 11 sections. Section one, an introduction, explains the scope of the study and defines family planning to include birth control, pregnancy and delivery, problems of adolescents, family life…

World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.

308

Family planning in Pakistan: applying what we have learned.  

PubMed

Despite six decades of government and private sector programs, CPR in Pakistan is among the lowest in the region. This article reviews published and grey literature to understand why despite sufficient time and usually sufficient funding, CPR remains low in Pakistan. This paper looks beyond the usual factors of quality of services, coverage and supplies and management issues to examine how family planning may be improved in Pakistan. Based on analysis of the Pakistan Demographic Health Survey 2006-7, the public sector provides around a third of FP services, while NGOs and private providers another 15%. More than half of all family planning users buy their methods directly from stores. Within the government, the services cost 5-8 fold more than the private sector. Nearly a fifth of pregnancies end in an abortion suggesting the role of abortions as a key FP method. This together with a high unmet need pose the question: why is there such low uptake of FP services in the country. To explain this lack of uptake, we explore the limitations of the public sector in providing services, the lack of effect of religious beliefs, of abundant, yet misdirected funding and gaps in demand creation. The increasing role of NGOs and donors in filling the void left by the public sector is discussed. Suggestions are provided about improving public and private sector services including better information gathering and use in defining needs, measuring results and creating demand for FP. PMID:24386723

Khan, Adnan Ahmad; Khan, Ayesha; Javed, Wajiha; Hamza, Hasan Bin; Orakzai, Mejzgaan; Ansari, Aliya; Abbas, Khadija

2013-04-01

309

Computerized patient-flow analysis of local family planning clinics.  

PubMed

The Center for Disease Control, in cooperation with the Illinois Family Planning Council and the Tennessee Department of Public Health, has created a computerized method of patient flow analysis (PFA) to meet the need for a simply operated, easily understood and inexpensively performed technique. PFA is a self administered time and motion study performed during 1 clinic session, relating characteristics of the clinic setting, staff, and patient population to the amount of time each staff member spends with each patient. Output consists of an easily read flowchart and a detailed statistical report showing how patient and staff time is used, and presents a brief cost analysis of services provided. Using these data, clinic managers can compare staff activity with patient movement and spot probable causes of inefficiency and bottle necks in patient flow. The operation of PFA is described fully, together with its use in a 5 step problem solving process. Its use in a publicly funded family planning clinic is described, where patient waiting time was reduced nearly an hour and costs per visit reduced by 1 dollar. PMID:7286167

Graves, J L; Hudgins, A A; DeLung, J; Burnett, C A; Scanlon, P; Orentlicher, D

1981-01-01

310

"Family planning and population programs" a book review article.  

PubMed

RESUMEN: El volumen Planeamiento Familiar y Programas de Poblacion es un libro indispensable tanto para demógrafos como para otras personas interesadas en el control de población. Tiene sus limitaciones dodo su caracter heterogéneo, su falta de autocrítica, el no tratar sobre la validez y confiabilidad de las encuestas de conocimientos, attitudes y prácticas (KAP), su injustificado tono optimista, y su fracaso al no explorar y considerar alternativas para las presunciones y premisas sobre las cuales se basan los actuates programas de planeamiento familiar. Es sin embargo un importante hito que resume las contribuciones de las ciencias sociales y biomédicas al campo de la demografía.SummaryThe volume Family Planning and Population Programs is an indispensable book to demographers as well as to others concerned with population control. It is not without limitations because of its heterogeneous character, its lack of self-criticism, its failure to deal with the reliability and validity of KAP surveys, its unwarranted optimistic aura, and its failure to explore and consider alternatives to the basic assumptions and premises on which present family planning programs are based. It is, nevertheless, a landmark in its summarization of the contribution of the social and biomedical sciences to demographic engineering. PMID:21279790

Hauser, P M

1967-03-01

311

On the integration of fighting poverty with family planning work.  

PubMed

New approaches to family planning (FP) are being applied in poor areas of China. Poverty programs are being integrated into FP programs. The current situation reveals that 679 poor counties were helped to increase per capita income. Between 1986 and 1988, per capita income of farmers rose from 245 yuan to 331.1 yuan, or a 14.2% increase. Between 1985-88, the population earning 200 yuan dropped from 64.54 million to 22.565 million, or from 39.5% to 9.9% of the total population. The reason given for poverty is unchecked population growth. Poverty is concentrated in 8 provinces and autonomous regions. This population also has a total fertility rate for married women of childbearing age of 3.0 compared with 2.47 nationally. 7 out of the 8 provinces are known to be ethnic border provinces that are economically and educationally backward. The approach to fighting poverty is to develop production with assistance from the state and society. Difficulties involve a high dependency ratio and the lower accumulation of family wealth. In 32 counties in Sichuan, survey results reveal 15.4% fewer working age persons in poor families, and the dependency ratio in poor families an average of 34.2 higher. A successful integrated program occurred in the mountainous areas of Jinzhai County of Anhui Province. Population had soared from 320,000 in the 1950s to 546,000 in 1978. Children/family varied from 3-5 to 9-10. A policy to require approval of a 2nd birth only after income reaches 300 yuan was implemented. For those practicing FP, economic development is provided. Between 1979-89, the birth rate of Jinzhai County dropped from 17.69/1000 to 12.67/1000, and the natural increase from 11.45/1000 to 7.1/1000. Quality of life had improved such that by 1989 90.1% of poor families had enough food and clothing. The net per capita income was 301 yuan in 1989. The ways in which FP and fighting poverty can be integrated are fourfold. 1) It must be part of the overall strategy of socioeconomic development, with FP in the target management of responsibility system and contract responsibility system. 2) Consistency is required between programs. Family income should be a requirement for additional children and economic support provided for those responding. 3) Measures to prevent additional unplanned births must be provided. 4) Good coordination of departments requires FP officials in poverty programs and vice versa. PMID:12285199

Zhou, H

1991-10-01

312

A Training Program for Supervisory Workers in Local Family Planning Programs: Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scarcity of skilled administrative and supervisory personnel for planning, operating, and evaluating local family planning programs is a major problem in assisting the poor to plan their families in accord with their wishes. The purpose of the report is therefore to provide for private and governmental agencies a training program for these…

Kentucky Research Foundation, Lexington.

313

The Big Red How-To Guide: Planning a Health Fair for Children and Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community health fairs usually focus on adult health issues and seldom on child and family health or the link between health and education. This guide's purpose is to assist communities in developing child and family-focused health fairs. The guide is divided into two major sections: pre-planning and planning. The pre-planning section covers steps…

Foley, Christina A.

314

Women's attitudes towards mechanisms of action of family planning methods: survey in primary health centres in Pamplona, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Informed consent in family planning includes knowledge of mechanism of action. Some methods of family planning occasionally work after fertilization. Knowing about postfertilization effects may be important to some women before choosing a certain family planning method. The objective of this survey is to explore women's attitudes towards postfertilization effects of family planning methods, and beliefs and characteristics possibly

Jokin de Irala; Cristina Lopez del Burgo; Carmen M Lopez de Fez; Jorge Arredondo; Rafael T Mikolajczyk; Joseph B Stanford

2007-01-01

315

Child abuse as an inhibiting factor for family planning.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to determine the magnitude of the problem of using children as an economic asset to the family thus, in one way increasing the prevalence of child abuse in Egypt and also hindering the family planning program. Two focus-group interviews were conducted in urban & rural areas for 10 women with the same age range and socioeconomic background. All were non-users of any contraception. Subsequently an interview was conducted for all women who attended the Ob. & Gyn. Clinic at Ain Shams University Hospital in the period from June to August 1991, their ages ranged from 30-35 years and they never used contraception. Another group of women with the same characteristics were interviewed from a rural area at Fayoum Governorate. A questionnaire was filled for each interviewed woman. The total women interviewed in urban area is 340 while in the rural area they were 400 women. Sixty percent of urban women and 80% of rural women are illiterate, 70% of the urban & 100% of rural women are housewives. Their years of marriage ranged between 10-20 years and all of them have more than five children. A percentage of 73.5% of urban women and 85% of rural women stated that children are used as an economic asset to their families, they work in urban areas as assistants in motor repairs, hair-dressers, beggars, bakeries, shops, restaurants and factories while in rural areas they work as agricultural workers. PMID:1295939

Fahim, H I; Faris, R

1992-01-01

316

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Surface Project: Project plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA) [Public Law (PL) 95-604, 42 United States Code (USC) 7901], hereinafter referred to as the ``Act,`` authorizes the US Department of Energy (DOE) to stabilize and control surface tailings and ground water contamination. To fulfill this mission, the DOE has established two projects under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office. The Ground Water Project was established in April 1991 as a major project and a separate project plan will be prepared for that portion of the mission. This project plan covers the UMTRA Surface Project, a major system acquisition (MSA).

Not Available

1993-08-11

317

WESTERN AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS ASSESSMENT PROJECT RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The goal of the Western Airborne Contaminants Assessment Project (WACAP) is to assess the deposition of airborne contaminants in Western National Parks, providing regional and local information on exposure, accumulation, impacts, and probable sources. This project is being desig...

318

The Future of Family Medicine: A Collaborative Project of the Family Medicine Community  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Recognizing fundamental flaws in the fragmented US health care systems and the potential of an integrative, generalist approach, the leadership of 7 national family medicine organizations initiated the Future of Family Medicine (FFM) project in 2002. The goal of the project was to develop a strategy to transform and renew the discipline of family medicine to meet the needs of patients in a changing health care environment. METHODS A national research study was conducted by independent research firms. Interviews and focus groups identified key issues for diverse constituencies, including patients, payers, residents, students, family physicians, and other clinicians. Subsequently, interviews were conducted with nationally representative samples of 9 key constituencies. Based in part on these data, 5 task forces addressed key issues to meet the project goal. A Project Leadership Committee synthesized the task force reports into the report presented here. RESULTS The project identified core values, a New Model of practice, and a process for development, research, education, partnership, and change with great potential to transform the ability of family medicine to improve the health and health care of the nation. The proposed New Model of practice has the following characteristics: a patient-centered team approach; elimination of barriers to access; advanced information systems, including an electronic health record; redesigned, more functional offices; a focus on quality and outcomes; and enhanced practice finance. A unified communications strategy will be developed to promote the New Model of family medicine to multiple audiences. The study concluded that the discipline needs to oversee the training of family physicians who are committed to excellence, steeped in the core values of the discipline, competent to provide family medicine’s basket of services within the New Model, and capable of adapting to varying patient needs and changing care technologies. Family medicine education must continue to include training in maternity care, the care of hospitalized patients, community and population health, and culturally effective and proficient care. A comprehensive lifelong learning program for each family physician will support continuous personal, professional, and clinical practice assessment and improvement. Ultimately, systemwide changes will be needed to ensure high-quality health care for all Americans. Such changes include taking steps to ensure that every American has a personal medical home, promoting the use and reporting of quality measures to improve performance and service, advocating that every American have health care coverage for basic services and protection against extraordinary health care costs, advancing research that supports the clinical decision making of family physicians and other primary care clinicians, and developing reimbursement models to sustain family medicine and primary care practices. CONCLUSIONS The leadership of US family medicine organizations is committed to a transformative process. In partnership with others, this process has the potential to integrate health care to improve the health of all Americans. PMID:15080220

2004-01-01

319

Finance and supply management project execution plan  

SciTech Connect

As a subproject of the HANDI 2000 project, the Finance and Supply Management system is intended to serve FDH and Project Hanford major subcontractor with financial processes including general ledger, project costing, budgeting, and accounts payable, and supply management process including purchasing, inventory and contracts management. Currently these functions are performed with numerous legacy information systems and suboptimized processes.

BENNION, S.I.

1999-02-10

320

Using behavior change communication to lead a comprehensive family planning program: the Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Background: The Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (NURHI), a 6-year comprehensive family planning program (2009–2015) in 4 cities, intentionally applies communication theories to all program elements, not just the demand generation ones, relying mainly on a theory called ideation—the concept that contraceptive use is influenced by people's beliefs, ideas, and feelings and that changing these ideational factors can change people's behavior. Program Description: The project used multiple communication channels to foster dialogue about family planning, increase social approval for it, and improve accurate knowledge about contraceptives. Mobile service delivery was started in the third year to improve access to clinical methods in slums. Methods: Data from representative baseline (2010–11) and midterm (2012) surveys of women of reproductive age in the project cities were analyzed. We also used propensity score matching to create a statistically equivalent control group of women not exposed to project activities, and we examined service delivery data from NURHI-supported clinics (January 2011–May 2013) to determine the contribution of mobile services to total family planning services. Results: Three years into the initiative, analysis of longitudinal data shows that use of modern contraceptives has increased in each city, varying from 2.3 to 15.5 percentage points, and that the observed increases were predicted by exposure to NURHI activities. Of note is that modern method use increased substantially among the poorest wealth quintiles in project cities, on average, by 8.4 percentage points. The more project activities women were exposed to, the greater their contraceptive use. For example, among women not using a modern method at baseline, contraceptive prevalence among those with no exposure by midterm was 19.1% vs. 43.4% among those with high exposure. Project exposure had a positive dose-response relationship with ideation, as did ideation and contraceptive use. By the end of the observation period, mobile services were contributing nearly 50% of total family planning services provided through NURHI-supported clinics. Propensity score matching found that the increase in contraceptive use in the 4 cities attributable to project exposure was 9.9 percentage points. Intention to use family planning in the next 12 months also increased by 7.5 to 10.2 percentage points across the 4 cities. Conclusion: Demand-led family planning programs, in which demand generation is the driving force behind the design rather than the conventional, service delivery-oriented approach, may be more suitable in places where expressed demand for contraceptives is low. PMID:25611477

Krenn, Susan; Cobb, Lisa; Babalola, Stella; Odeku, Mojisola; Kusemiju, Bola

2014-01-01

321

“We Don't Have a Back-Up Plan”: An Exploration of Family Contingency Planning for Emergencies Following Stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little research has explored emergency preparedness among families coping with stroke. In this longitudinal qualitative study, we explored contingency caregiving planning by interviewing (N?=?18) family caregivers providing care for a stroke survivor at home during the first 6 months post-discharge from the hospital. Emergent themes showed most families did not have a concrete “back-up plan” for a crisis or disaster

Tracey OSullivan; Andrea Ghazzawi; Agatha Stanek; Louise Lemyre

2012-01-01

322

40 CFR 93.115 - Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP...Transportation Plans, Programs, and Projects Developed, Funded or Approved Under...93.115 Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and...

2011-07-01

323

40 CFR 93.115 - Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2013-07-01 true Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP...Transportation Plans, Programs, and Projects Developed, Funded or Approved Under...93.115 Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and...

2014-07-01

324

40 CFR 93.115 - Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP...Transportation Plans, Programs, and Projects Developed, Funded or Approved Under...93.115 Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and...

2012-07-01

325

40 CFR 93.115 - Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP...Transportation Plans, Programs, and Projects Developed, Funded or Approved Under...93.115 Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and...

2010-07-01

326

40 CFR 93.115 - Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP...Transportation Plans, Programs, and Projects Developed, Funded or Approved Under...93.115 Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and...

2013-07-01

327

7 CFR 275.18 - Project area/management unit corrective action plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Project area/management unit corrective action plan...Corrective Action § 275.18 Project area/management unit corrective action plan...plans are prepared at the project area/management unit level,...

2010-01-01

328

7 CFR 275.18 - Project area/management unit corrective action plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Project area/management unit corrective action plan...Corrective Action § 275.18 Project area/management unit corrective action plan...plans are prepared at the project area/management unit level,...

2013-01-01

329

7 CFR 275.18 - Project area/management unit corrective action plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Project area/management unit corrective action plan...Corrective Action § 275.18 Project area/management unit corrective action plan...plans are prepared at the project area/management unit level,...

2014-01-01

330

7 CFR 275.18 - Project area/management unit corrective action plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Project area/management unit corrective action plan...Corrective Action § 275.18 Project area/management unit corrective action plan...plans are prepared at the project area/management unit level,...

2012-01-01

331

7 CFR 275.18 - Project area/management unit corrective action plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Project area/management unit corrective action plan...Corrective Action § 275.18 Project area/management unit corrective action plan...plans are prepared at the project area/management unit level,...

2011-01-01

332

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-03-12

333

rationalizing sex: family planning and the making of modern lovers in urban Greece  

E-print Network

's experiences and undermines family planners' goals for women's autonomy, [family planning, abortion, gender is a disciplinary product of modernity, and because anthropologists are modern subjects, thinking against modernity

Seager, Sara

334

Field Experiences Integrating Family Planning into Programs to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews field experiences with provision of family planning services in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs in ten countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Family planning is a standard component of most antenatal care and maternal-child health programs within which PMTCT programs are offered. Yet PMTCT sites often miss opportunities to provide HIV-positive clients with family planning

Naomi Rutenberg; Carolyn Baek

2005-01-01

335

[Changes in midwifery practice. 26. Postwar legislative guideline concerning family planning].  

PubMed

Yoshio Furuya, who authored the 1951 legislative guidelines for family planning in Japan, designated 3 villages to model family planning upon his return from the United States in 1950. The instructors were public health nurses, midwives and regular nurses who had been trained and certified by the National Public Health Institute. They showed film strips and slides, and distributed contraceptives and medication. Population Research Group also embarked on the New Life Style Movement among Japanese industries in 1951. The new life style was said to have 3 pillars: family planning, career planning, and family morals. The idea of family planning was welcomed at the beginning by industries because it would mean less dependents of employees to provide financial aid for. The movement lasted only several years. In 1955, the International Family Planning Federation and the Japan Family Planning Federation co-sponsored the Fifth International Family Planning Conference in Tokyo. 572 participants including Margaret Sanger delivered 91 papers on techniques and practices of family planning. Soon after the conference, the Family Planning Study Committee was organized, and they met once a month to discuss socio-cultural implications of family planning, theory and practice of contraception, maternal and child health. Many of the committee members were idealistic/feminist public health officials but there were no women among them. A post-war family planning movement approved by the Japanese government resulted in the dramatic reduction in the birth rate from 34.3% in 1947 to 17.2% in 1957. Midwives played an important role in enforcing the policy but they were excluded from policy making. PMID:3682331

Obayashi, M

1987-09-01

336

Project Helios-A. [mission planning for solar probe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Helios-A solar probe which will fly within 28 million miles of the sun is described as a joint American and German project. The spacecraft and instrument designs, planned experiments, and mission are briefly discussed.

1974-01-01

337

7 CFR 1221.121 - Programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...research, and information, including consumer and industry information, with respect...desirability, or quality of sorghum...program, plan, or project shall be implemented...research, or information. If it is...

2010-01-01

338

7 CFR 1218.54 - Programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...research, and information, including producer and consumer information, with respect...desirability, or quality of fresh and processed...program, plan, or project shall be implemented...research, or information. If it is...

2010-01-01

339

7 CFR 1206.50 - Programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...research, and information, including producer and consumer information, with respect...desirability, or quality of mangos in the...program, plan, or project shall be implemented...research, or information. If it is...

2010-01-01

340

7 CFR 1219.50 - Budgets, programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...evaluation of appropriate programs, plans, or projects for advertising, sales promotion, other promotion, and consumer information...United States; to lead to the development of new marketing strategies; to advance the image and desirability of, increase...

2012-01-01

341

7 CFR 1219.50 - Budgets, programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...evaluation of appropriate programs, plans, or projects for advertising, sales promotion, other promotion, and consumer information...United States; to lead to the development of new marketing strategies; to advance the image and desirability of, increase...

2013-01-01

342

7 CFR 1219.50 - Budgets, programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...evaluation of appropriate programs, plans, or projects for advertising, sales promotion, other promotion, and consumer information...United States; to lead to the development of new marketing strategies; to advance the image and desirability of, increase...

2010-01-01

343

7 CFR 1219.50 - Budgets, programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...evaluation of appropriate programs, plans, or projects for advertising, sales promotion, other promotion, and consumer information...United States; to lead to the development of new marketing strategies; to advance the image and desirability of, increase...

2011-01-01

344

7 CFR 1219.50 - Budgets, programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...evaluation of appropriate programs, plans, or projects for advertising, sales promotion, other promotion, and consumer information...United States; to lead to the development of new marketing strategies; to advance the image and desirability of, increase...

2014-01-01

345

Non-Profit/Higher Education Project Management Series: The Project Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second installment of the AACRAO management series focusing on project management in the academy. In this article, the authors focus on white papers (often called charters, briefs, or fact sheets) and their partner, the work plan. The work plan is a detailed document that defines each aspect of a project. It is often preceded by a…

Burgher, Karl E.; Snyder, Michael

2012-01-01

346

Visual Image Digital Object Network (VIDON) software project management plan  

SciTech Connect

This software project management plan (SPMP) describes the management and implementation strategy for Visual Image Object Network (VIDON) project, an approval designator 3Q system. It is intended to be used as a guideline by the customer, the management, and the VIDON development team to define the VIDON scope of work and to provide a detailed plan on how the work is to be accomplished.

Byron, B.D., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-23

347

HTI retrieval demonstration project execution plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the process for demonstrating the retrieval of difficult Hanford tank waste forms utilizing commercial technologies and the private sector to conduct the operations. The demonstration is to be conducted in Tank 241-C-106.

Ellingson, D.R.

1997-09-04

348

Health and Safety Plan for NSTX Upgrade Project Tasks  

E-print Network

Health and Safety Plan for NSTX Upgrade Project Tasks in the NSTX Test Cell PRINCETON PLASMA....~_____...L....,L....q..l:::::.......:.J Larry Dudek, NSTX Center Stack Manager Reviewed by: I( Jer evine, Environment, Safety, Health and S This document describes the structure and implementation of the Health and Safety Plan for the NSTX Upgrade

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

349

Columbia River Channel Improvement Project Rock Removal Blasting: Monitoring Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a monitoring plan to evaluate take as outlined in the National Marine Fisheries Service 2002 Biological Opinion for underwater blasting to remove rock from the navigation channel for the Columbia River Channel Improvement Project. The plan was prepared by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Portland District.

Carlson, Thomas J.; Johnson, Gary E.

2010-01-29

350

Guidance and Control Software Project Data - Volume 1: Planning Documents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project was the last in a series of software reliability studies conducted at Langley Research Center between 1977 and 1994. The technical results of the GCS project were recorded after the experiment was completed. Some of the support documentation produced as part of the experiment, however, is serving an unexpected role far beyond its original project context. Some of the software used as part of the GCS project was developed to conform to the RTCA/DO-178B software standard, "Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification," used in the civil aviation industry. That standard requires extensive documentation throughout the software development life cycle, including plans, software requirements, design and source code, verification cases and results, and configuration management and quality control data. The project documentation that includes this information is open for public scrutiny without the legal or safety implications associated with comparable data from an avionics manufacturer. This public availability has afforded an opportunity to use the GCS project documents for DO-178B training. This report provides a brief overview of the GCS project, describes the 4-volume set of documents and the role they are playing in training, and includes the planning documents from the GCS project. Volume 1 contains five appendices: A. Plan for Software Aspects of Certification for the Guidance and Control Software Project; B. Software Development Standards for the Guidance and Control Software Project; C. Software Verification Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; D. Software Configuration Management Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; and E. Software Quality Assurance Activities.

Hayhurst, Kelly J. (Editor)

2008-01-01

351

Costs of family planning programmes in fourteen developing countries by method of service delivery.  

PubMed

The cost effectiveness of several modes of family planning service delivery based on the cost per couple-year of protection (CYP), including commodity costs, is assessed for 1991-92 using programme and project data from fourteen developing countries (five in Africa, four in Asia, three in Latin America and two in the Middle East). More than 100 million CYP were provided through these family planning services during the 12 months studied. Sterilisation services provided both the highest volume (over 60% of total) and the lowest cost per CYP ($1.85). Social marketing programmes (CSM), delivering almost 9 million CYPs, had the next lowest cost per CYP on average ($2.14). Clinic-based services excluding sterilisation had an average cost of $6.10. The highest costs were for community-based distribution projects (0.7 million CYPs), which averaged $9.93, and clinic-based services with a community-based distribution component (almost 6 million CYPs), at a cost of $14.00 per CYP. Based on a weighted average, costs were lowest in the Middle East ($3.37 per CYP for all modes of delivery combined) and highest in Africa ($11.20). PMID:9881132

Barberis, M; Harvey, P D

1997-04-01

352

Integrating family planning and HIV services in western Kenya: the impact on HIV-infected patients' knowledge of family planning and male attitudes toward family planning.  

PubMed

Little information exists on the impact of integrating family planning (FP) services into HIV care and treatment on patients' familiarity with and attitudes toward FP. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial in 18 public HIV clinics with 12 randomized to integrated FP and HIV services and 6 to the standard referral-based system where patients are referred to an FP clinic. Serial cross-sectional surveys were done before (n = 488 women, 486 men) and after (n = 479 women, 481 men) the intervention to compare changes in familiarity with FP methods and attitudes toward FP between integrated and nonintegrated (NI) sites. We created an FP familiarity score based on the number of more effective FP methods patients could identify (score range: 0-6). Generalized estimating equations were used to control for clustering within sites. An increase in mean familiarity score between baseline (mean = 5.16) and post-intervention (mean = 5.46) occurred with an overall mean change of 0.26 (95% confidence intervals [CI] = 0.09, 0.45; p = 0.003) across all sites. At end line, there was no difference in increase of mean FP familiarity scores at intervention versus control sites (mean = 5.41 vs. 5.49, p = 0.94). We observed a relative decrease in the proportion of males agreeing that FP was "women's business" at integrated sites (baseline 42% to end line 30%; reduction of 12%) compared to males at NI sites (baseline 35% to end line 42%; increase of 7%; adjusted odds ration [aOR] = 0.43; 95% CI = 0.22, 0.85). Following FP-HIV integration, familiarity with FP methods increased but did not differ by study arm. Integration was associated with a decrease in negative attitudes toward FP among men. PMID:25634244

Onono, Maricianah; Guzé, Mary A; Grossman, Daniel; Steinfeld, Rachel; Bukusi, Elizabeth A; Shade, Starley; Cohen, Craig R; Newmann, Sara J

2015-06-01

353

Comprehensive Cost Planning Yields Successful Tech Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author calls for librarians to find ways to implement technology projects with very limited budgets and to consider all the cost components of a technology project amidst the economic pressures. The author offers some perspective on what is involved in trying to accomplish important work with limited resources while…

Breeding, Marshall

2006-01-01

354

23 CFR 450.318 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Metropolitan Transportation Planning and Programming...

2012-04-01

355

23 CFR 450.212 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Statewide Transportation Planning and Programming...

2011-04-01

356

23 CFR 450.212 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Statewide Transportation Planning and Programming...

2010-04-01

357

23 CFR 450.318 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Metropolitan Transportation Planning and Programming...

2014-04-01

358

23 CFR 450.318 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Metropolitan Transportation Planning and Programming...

2011-04-01

359

23 CFR 450.212 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Statewide Transportation Planning and Programming...

2014-04-01

360

23 CFR 450.318 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Metropolitan Transportation Planning and Programming...

2010-04-01

361

23 CFR 450.212 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Statewide Transportation Planning and Programming...

2012-04-01

362

23 CFR 450.318 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Metropolitan Transportation Planning and Programming...

2013-04-01

363

23 CFR 450.212 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH ...AND STANDARDS Statewide Transportation Planning and Programming...

2013-04-01

364

Defining motivational intensity of need for family planning in Africa.  

PubMed

Non-users of contraception differ greatly in their likely motivation to adopt a method or resume use. This study presents a new approach to defining high and low motivation groups by stated intention to use, past use, and unmet need, to determine how these groups differ in characteristics and in region of residence. Data come from 23 DHS surveys in sub-Saharan countries, with representation from the eastern/southern region and western/central region. The low motivation non-users, with less past use and less intention to use in the future, are more rural, less educated, and closer to poverty. Motivational intensity is lower in the western/central region, which contains far fewer intenders than the eastern/southern region and where many more report no past use and no unmet need. When used to guide planning, unmet need should be augmented with motivation, since the two classifications do not entirely overlap. Between 10 and 17% of current non-users of family planning are likely highly motivated to use, but are not captured in the unmet need classification. Program implications for these non-using groups are discussed. PMID:25438510

Kuang, Bernice; Ross, John; Madsen, Elizabeth Leahy

2014-09-01

365

[Family planning and diverse declarations of human rights].  

PubMed

Human beings have always desired to claim their rights, even in times when only a small proportion of the population was considered fully human and the rest were slaves, servants, uncivilized, colonized, underdeveloped, or, in the recent euphemism, "developing". The French Declaration of the Rights of Man of 1789 marked the 1st time in history that rights for all people were publicly affirmed. The rights in question were essentially constitutional and political, but the idea of claiming rights had been born. In 1948, the international community approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which encompassed all types of rights. Other international acts on civil and political rights and the rights of women and children have complemented and interpreted the 1948 document. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights affirmed that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and that all persons have a right to satisfaction of economic, social, and cultural needs. The convention on elimination of all forms of discrimination against women referred in its preamble to the particular disadvantages of women living in poverty and affirmed the right of all women to education in health and family welfare, including family planning, as well as to medical and family planning services. Women were affirmed to have the same rights as men to decide freely and in an informed manner on the number and spacing of their children and to have access to the information, education, and means to exercise these rights. The United Nations has demonstrated its interest in Population Commission in 1946 and of the UN Fund for Population Activities in 1969, and through decennial worldwide population conferences in 1954, 1965, 1974, and 1984. UN demographic goals include reduced fertility on a worldwide basis, a reduced proportion of women not using reliable contraception, a substantial reduction of early marriage and adolescent pregnancy, reduction in infant and maternal mortality, a life expectancy of at least 62 years in all countries, and a better geographic distribution of population within national territories permitting rational use of resources. Governments which subscribed to the declaration and conventions on human rights should respect their promises. Population growth which outpaces increases in production will make it increasingly difficult to satisfy the rights and needs of all population sectors. A government confronted with this problem is obliged to explore every possible means of increasing production but must also seek to control population growth. Contraception is a legitimate means of achieving this end. PMID:12316572

Gakwaya, D

1990-08-01

366

Family Life Education Project seeks to bring down illegitimate births, teen-age pregnancies and STD.  

PubMed

Levels of teen pregnancy, illegitimate birth, sexually transmitted disease (STD), rape, wife-bashing, abandonment and abuse, abortion, school dropout, divorce, and drug abuse are on the rise in Fiji. 13.4% of 7,093 births to 7,093 mothers over the period January 1982-June 1983 were to mothers under age 19, of which 46.7% of the babies were illegitimate. 4% of all mothers harbored STD. Talks held by the Ministry of Education eventually led to the development and implementation of the Family Life Education Project in July 1985. The project's longterm goals are to reduce the incidence of adolescent pregnancy, unwanted births, STDs, and psychological stress. To attain these goals, family life education was incorporated in the curricula of 104 of 141 of the country's secondary schools. This core course was designed to change teen attitudes and behaviors relating to family life, population issues, and family planning, and was implemented with broad parental and community support. Anecdotal evidence suggests program success. PMID:12285907

Kondo, A

1992-01-01

367

From Thibodaux to Tucumcari: Family Literacy in Rural Libraries. A Report from the Viburnum Family Literacy Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Viburnum Foundation, a family foundation based in New York, is currently in the fifth year of giving grants to rural library-sponsored family literacy programs in Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. The libraries involved in the Viburnum Family Literacy Project are in areas with high levels of poverty and illiteracy. The…

Turner, Molly; Kober, Nancy

368

Environmentally Sound Small-Scale Water Projects. Guidelines for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is the second volume in a series of publications on community development programs. Guidelines are suggested for small-scale water projects that would benefit segments of the world's urban or rural poor. Strategies in project planning, implementation and evaluation are presented that emphasize environmental conservation and promote…

Tillman, Gus

369

Guide of Ideas for Planning and Implementing Intergenerational Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Guide of Ideas for Planning and Implementing Intergenerational Projects," is for all professionals that are or wish to be enrolled in the development of intergenerational activities. This "Guide" is the main product of the Project MATES--Mainstreaming Intergenerational Solidarity, co-financed by the Lifelong Learning Programme from the…

Pinto, Teresa Almeida; Marreel, Iris; Hatton-Yeo, Alan

2009-01-01

370

"We don't have a back-up plan": an exploration of family contingency planning for emergencies following stroke.  

PubMed

Little research has explored emergency preparedness among families coping with stroke. In this longitudinal qualitative study, we explored contingency caregiving planning by interviewing (N?=?18) family caregivers providing care for a stroke survivor at home during the first 6 months post-discharge from the hospital. Emergent themes showed most families did not have a concrete "back-up plan" for a crisis or disaster situation involving the primary caregiver being unable to provide care. Furthermore, they assumed formal respite services or long-term care would be available should the need arise. Despite increased awareness over time, most caregivers had not devised contingency plans at 6 months. PMID:22780702

O'Sullivan, Tracey; Ghazzawi, Andrea; Stanek, Agatha; Lemyre, Louise

2012-01-01

371

Summative Evaluation Plan - Project StORe   

E-print Network

To evaluate the demonstrator system and project ‘common model’ in order to make recommendations for future development work. The evaluation will assess the technical structure, functionality, design and quality of the ...

Procter, Rob; Poschen, Meik; Slack, Roger

2007-03-19

372

Yield model development project implementation plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tasks remaining to be completed are summarized for the following major project elements: (1) evaluation of crop yield models; (2) crop yield model research and development; (3) data acquisition processing, and storage; (4) related yield research: defining spectral and/or remote sensing data requirements; developing input for driving and testing crop growth/yield models; real time testing of wheat plant process models) and (5) project management and support.

Ambroziak, R. A.

1982-01-01

373

Delivering High-Quality Family Planning Services in Crisis-Affected Settings II: Results.  

PubMed

An estimated 43 million women of reproductive age experienced the effects of conflict in 2012. Already vulnerable from the insecurity of the emergency, women must also face the continuing risk of unwanted pregnancy but often are unable to obtain family planning services. The ongoing Supporting Access to Family Planning and Post-Abortion Care (SAFPAC) initiative, led by CARE, has provided contraceptives, including long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), to refugees, internally displaced persons, and conflict-affected resident populations in Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Mali, and Pakistan. The project works through the Ministry of Health in 4 key areas: (1) competency-based training, (2) supply chain management, (3) systematic supervision, and (4) community mobilization to raise awareness and shift norms related to family planning. This article presents data on program results from July 2011 to December 2013 from the 5 countries. Project staff summarized monthly data from client registers using hard-copy forms and recorded the data electronically in Microsoft Excel for compilation and analysis. The initiative reached 52,616 new users of modern contraceptive methods across the 5 countries, ranging from 575 in Djibouti to 21,191 in Chad. LARCs have predominated overall, representing 61% of new modern method users. The percentage of new users choosing LARCs varied by country: 78% in the DRC, 72% in Chad, and 51% in Mali, but only 29% in Pakistan. In Djibouti, those methods were not offered in the country through SAFPAC during the period discussed here. In Chad, the DRC, and Mali, implants have been the most popular LARC method, while in Pakistan the IUD has been more popular. Use of IUDs, however, has comprised a larger share of the method mix over time in all 4 of these countries. These results to date suggest that it is feasible to work with the public sector in fragile, crisis-affected states to deliver a wide range of quality family planning services, to do so rapidly, and to see a dramatic increase in the percentage of users choosing long-acting reversible methods. PMID:25745118

Curry, Dora Ward; Rattan, Jesse; Huang, Shuyuan; Noznesky, Elizabeth

2015-01-01

374

Delivering High-Quality Family Planning Services in Crisis-Affected Settings II: Results  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT An estimated 43 million women of reproductive age experienced the effects of conflict in 2012. Already vulnerable from the insecurity of the emergency, women must also face the continuing risk of unwanted pregnancy but often are unable to obtain family planning services. The ongoing Supporting Access to Family Planning and Post-Abortion Care (SAFPAC) initiative, led by CARE, has provided contraceptives, including long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), to refugees, internally displaced persons, and conflict-affected resident populations in Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Mali, and Pakistan. The project works through the Ministry of Health in 4 key areas: (1) competency-based training, (2) supply chain management, (3) systematic supervision, and (4) community mobilization to raise awareness and shift norms related to family planning. This article presents data on program results from July 2011 to December 2013 from the 5 countries. Project staff summarized monthly data from client registers using hard-copy forms and recorded the data electronically in Microsoft Excel for compilation and analysis. The initiative reached 52,616 new users of modern contraceptive methods across the 5 countries, ranging from 575 in Djibouti to 21,191 in Chad. LARCs have predominated overall, representing 61% of new modern method users. The percentage of new users choosing LARCs varied by country: 78% in the DRC, 72% in Chad, and 51% in Mali, but only 29% in Pakistan. In Djibouti, those methods were not offered in the country through SAFPAC during the period discussed here. In Chad, the DRC, and Mali, implants have been the most popular LARC method, while in Pakistan the IUD has been more popular. Use of IUDs, however, has comprised a larger share of the method mix over time in all 4 of these countries. These results to date suggest that it is feasible to work with the public sector in fragile, crisis-affected states to deliver a wide range of quality family planning services, to do so rapidly, and to see a dramatic increase in the percentage of users choosing long-acting reversible methods. PMID:25745118

Curry, Dora Ward; Rattan, Jesse; Huang, Shuyuan; Noznesky, Elizabeth

2015-01-01

375

ERD UMTRA Project quality assurance program plan, Revision 7  

SciTech Connect

This document is the revised Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) dated September, 1995 for the Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). Quality Assurance requirements for the ERD UMTRA Project are based on the criteria outlined in DOE Order 5700.6C or applicable sections of 10 CFR 830.120. QA requirements contained in this QAPP shall apply to all personnel, processes, and activities, including planning, scheduling, and cost control, performed by the ERD UMTRA Project and its contractors.

NONE

1995-09-01

376

Siberian Chemical Combine laboratory project work plan, fiscal year 1999  

SciTech Connect

The Siberian Chemical Combine (SKhK), Laboratory Project Work Plan (Plan) is intended to assist the US Laboratory Project Team, and Department of Energy (DOE) staff with the management of the FY99 joint material protection control and accounting program (MPC and A) for enhancing nuclear material safeguards within the Siberian Chemical Combine. The DOE/Russian/Newly Independent States, Nuclear Material Task Force, uses a project work plan document for higher-level program management. The SKhK Plan is a component of the Russian Defense related Sites` input to that document. In addition, it contains task descriptions and a Gantt Chart covering the FY99 time-period. This FY99 window is part of a comprehensive, Project Status Gantt Chart for tasking and goal setting that extends to the year 2003. Secondary and tertiary levels of detail are incorporated therein and are for the use of laboratory project management. The SKhK Plan is a working document, and additions and modifications will be incorporated as the MPC and A project for SKhK evolves.

Morgado, R.E.; Acobyan, R.; Shropsire, R.

1998-12-31

377

Pathfinder Project: Five-Year Strategic Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 5-year strategic plan (prepared in 1994) from Pellissippi State Technical Community College in Tennessee examines macro environmental factors (including social, government, economic and technological trends); internal and external market share trends and opportunities; micro environmental factors (including organizational structure, financial…

Pellissippi State Technical Community Coll., Knoxville, TN.

378

Uranium mill tailings remedial action project real estate management plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan summarizes the real estate requirements of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Action (UMTRA) Project, identifies the roles and responsibilities of project participants involved in real estate activities, and describes the approaches used for completing these requirements. This document is intended to serve as a practical guide for all project participants. It is intended to be consistent with all formal agreements, but if a conflict is identified, the formal agreements will take precedence.

Not Available

1994-09-01

379

Integrated monitoring plan for the Hanford groundwater monitoring project  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater is monitored in hundreds of wells at the Hanford Site to fulfill a variety of requirements. Separate monitoring plans are prepared for various requirements, but sampling is coordinated and data are shared among users to avoid duplication of effort. The US Department of Energy (DOE) manages these activities through the Hanford Groundwater Monitoring Project (groundwater project), which is the responsibility of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The groundwater project does not include all of the monitoring to assess performance of groundwater remediation or all monitoring associated with active facilities. This document is the first integrated monitoring plan for the groundwater project and contains: well and constituent lists for monitoring required by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and its implementing orders; other, established monitoring plans by reference; and a master well/constituent/frequency matrix for the entire Hanford Site.

Hartman, M.J.; Dresel, P.E.; McDonald, J.P.; Mercer, R.B.; Newcomer, D.R.; Thornton, E.C.

1998-09-01

380

Project Management Plan for the INEL technology logic diagrams  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PjMP) describes the elements of project planning and control that apply to activities outlined in Technical Task Plan (TTP) ID-121117, ``Technology Logic Diagrams For The INEL.`` The work on this project will be conducted by personnel in EG&G Idaho, Inc.`s Waste Technology Development Program. Technology logic diagrams represent a formal methodology to identify technology gaps or needs within Environmental Restoration/Waste Management Operations, which will focus on Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM-50) research and development, demonstration, test, and evaluation efforts throughout the US Department of Energy complex. This PjMP describes the objectives, organization, roles and responsibilities, workscope and processes for implementing and managing the technology logic diagram for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory project.

Rudin, M.J.

1992-10-01

381

Project Management Plan for the INEL technology logic diagrams  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PjMP) describes the elements of project planning and control that apply to activities outlined in Technical Task Plan (TTP) ID-121117, Technology Logic Diagrams For The INEL.'' The work on this project will be conducted by personnel in EG G Idaho, Inc.'s Waste Technology Development Program. Technology logic diagrams represent a formal methodology to identify technology gaps or needs within Environmental Restoration/Waste Management Operations, which will focus on Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM-50) research and development, demonstration, test, and evaluation efforts throughout the US Department of Energy complex. This PjMP describes the objectives, organization, roles and responsibilities, workscope and processes for implementing and managing the technology logic diagram for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory project.

Rudin, M.J.

1992-10-01

382

Crawler Acquisition and Testing Demonstration Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

If the crawler based retrieval system is selected, this project management plan identifies the path forward for acquiring a crawler/track pump waste retrieval system, and completing sufficient testing to support deploying the crawler for as part of a retrieval technology demonstration for Tank 241-C-104. In the balance of the document, these activities will be referred to as the Crawler Acquisition and Testing Demonstration. During recent Tri-Party Agreement negotiations, TPA milestones were proposed for a sludge/hard heel waste retrieval demonstration in tank C-104. Specifically one of the proposed milestones requires completion of a cold demonstration of sufficient scale to support final design and testing of the equipment (M-45-03G) by 6/30/2004. A crawler-based retrieval system was one of the two options evaluated during the pre-conceptual engineering for C-104 retrieval (RPP-6843 Rev. 0). The alternative technology procurement initiated by the Hanford Tanks Initiative (HTI) project, combined with the pre-conceptual engineering for C-104 retrieval provide an opportunity to achieve compliance with the proposed TPA milestone M-45-03H. This Crawler Acquisition and Testing Demonstration project management plan identifies the plans, organizational interfaces and responsibilities, management control systems, reporting systems, timeline and requirements for the acquisition and testing of the crawler based retrieval system. This project management plan is complimentary to and supportive of the Project Management Plan for Retrieval of C-104 (RPP-6557). This project management plan focuses on utilizing and completing the efforts initiated under the Hanford Tanks Initiative (HTI) to acquire and cold test a commercial crawler based retrieval system. The crawler-based retrieval system will be purchased on a schedule to support design of the waste retrieval from tank C-104 (project W-523) and to meet the requirement of proposed TPA milestone M-45-03H. This Crawler Acquisition and Testing Demonstration project management plan includes the following: (1) Identification of acquisition strategy and plan to obtain a crawler based retrieval system; (2) Plan for sufficient cold testing to make a decision for W-523 and to comply with TPA Milestone M-45-03H; (3) Cost and schedule for path forward; (4) Responsibilities of the participants; and (5) The plan is supported by updated Level 1 logics, a Relative Order of Magnitude cost estimate and preliminary project schedule.

DEFIGH-PRICE, C.

2000-10-23

383

The construction of community participation: village family planning groups and the Indonesian state  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indonesia's family planning program has been one of the most effective in the developing world in promoting contraceptive use and contributing to fertility transition. In evaluating why the program has worked, analysts have given much credit to a network of village family planning groups that developed from the 1970s to the 1990s and that blanketed the archipelago. These groups, composed

Jeremy Shiffman

2002-01-01

384

Women's Reproductive Rights, Modernization, and Family Planning Programs in Developing Countries: A Causal Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ongoing debates on women's reproductive rights in world conferences and conventions have heightened the need for empirical research and theoretical explanations of women's reproductive rights. The study examines the effects of family planning programs and the processes of moderniza tion on women's reproductive rights.The study involves 101 developing countries. Using linear structural equation analysis, the study finds that family planning

Vijayan K. Pillai; Guang-Zhen Wang

1999-01-01

385

Family planning provision in the Trent health region: Is it accessible to school aged teenagers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategies to combat existing high teenage pregnancy rates in the UK need to include contraceptive services that can be easily accessed by young people, including those who are still at school. This study concerns the availability of family planning services to young people who are still at school. One hundred and eight family planning clinics in the Trent region were

Jane Allen; Sue Bradley

2001-01-01

386

Project Summary for: Family Risk Reduction Intervention with Female Juvenile Delinquents  

E-print Network

Project Summary for: Family Risk Reduction Intervention with Female Juvenile Delinquents advisors and Children's Court to tailor the proposed intervention and finalize project procedures and protocols. Collaboration: The project developed a shared understanding of each respective approach

387

Polish family planning in crisis: the Roman Catholic influence.  

PubMed

Poland is a country that, according to official sources, is 95% Catholic. The Catholic Church (CC) has a great deal of political power for 3 main reasons: 1) a strong Catholic tradition among Polish families, 2) the role of the Polish CC as the main supporter of the political opposition during the communist dictatorship, 3) the Polish Pope serves as an important authority for many Polish people. When democratic freedoms were won 10 years ago, the CC was poised and ready to exercise its considerable influences to further its own agenda. This can be seen in may areas: since last autumn, children receive religious instruction in state run schools, masses from St. Peter's are broadcast each week on state television, scientific congresses are being opened with High Mass and blessings, the armed forces make pilgrimages to the shrine of the Black Madonna of Czestochowa, and there was High Mass and Christmas blessing in the Polish Parliament. The Church is calling for an end of the separation of church and state. The current 1956 abortion law allows free abortions in state funded hospitals in cases of rape, socio-economic, or medical grounds in the 1st trimester. A current senate bill would allow abortion only to save the mother's life. The CC is currently trying to associate this law with the old communist totalitarian dictatorship and likens it to the Nazi Holocaust. In Poland there are 39 million people, and 600,000 abortions with a ratio of 70-100 abortions/100 live births. The main factors influencing this high rate are: 1) no sex education, 2) very low contraceptive use rates, 3) easy access to abortion, 4) CC opposition to contraception. Family planning in Poland is in a crisis that it may not come out of. Abortion, divorce, sex education, and contraception are all opposed by the CC which means that it will use its powerful influence to criminalize these practices. PMID:12284553

Mrugala, G

1991-09-01

388

Developing an integrated project plan for the preparation of a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Work Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of project planning is to develop a formalized baseline project plan that is used during project execution to track and monitor project performance. The baseline project plan developed under the guidelines presented in this paper integrates the technical scope, schedule, and budget so that the objectives of the project can be accomplished. During project execution, performance data are collected and measured against this baseline project plan. When performance varies from the plan, timely actions can be taken to alleviate potential problems. Thus, effective performance measurement is ultimately a function of the quality of the baseline project plan. When viewed in this light, the importance of a quality baseline project plan cannot be overemphasized.

Swanston, B.

1994-04-01

389

The impact of reproductive health legislation on family planning clinic services in Texas.  

PubMed

We examined the impact of legislation in Texas that dramatically cut and restricted participation in the state's family planning program in 2011 using surveys and interviews with leaders at organizations that received family planning funding. Overall, 25% of family planning clinics in Texas closed. In 2011, 71% of organizations widely offered long-acting reversible contraception; in 2012-2013, only 46% did so. Organizations served 54% fewer clients than they had in the previous period. Specialized family planning providers, which were the targets of the legislation, experienced the largest reductions in services, but other agencies were also adversely affected. The Texas experience provides valuable insight into the potential effects that legislation proposed in other states may have on low-income women's access to family planning services. PMID:25790404

White, Kari; Hopkins, Kristine; Aiken, Abigail R A; Stevenson, Amanda; Hubert, Celia; Grossman, Daniel; Potter, Joseph E

2015-05-01

390

The acceptability of the female condom: Perspectives of family planning providers in New York City, South Africa, and Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to fill the gap in female condom acceptability research by examining family planning (FP) providers' attitudes\\u000a and experiences regarding the female condom in three countries (South Africa, the US, and Nigeria) to highlight providers'\\u000a potential integral role in the introduction of the female condom. The case studies used data drawn from three independent\\u000a projects, each of which

Joanne E. Mantell; Susie Hoffman; Eugene Weiss; Lawrence Adeokun; Grace Delano; Temple Jagha; Theresa M. Exner; Zena A. Stein; Quarraisha Abdool Karim; Elma Scheepers; Kim Atkins; Ellen Weiss

2001-01-01

391

ENVIRONMENTAL METHODS TESTING SITE PROJECT: PROJECT MANAGEMENT PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Methods Testing Site Project is being conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency with the cooperation of the state of Georgia, the state of Tennessee, Hamilton County, Tennessee, and the city of Chattanooga. The concept is to establish one well-characteriz...

392

Tailoring Small IT Projects in the Project Planning Phase  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project management (PM) and systems engineering (SE) are essential skills in information technology (IT). There is an abundance of information available detailing the comprehensive bodies of knowledge, standards, and best practices. Despite the volume of information, there is surprisingly little information about how to tailor PM and SE tasks for…

Mulhearn, Michael F.

2011-01-01

393

Final Report for the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Planning Project  

SciTech Connect

In 2011 the Tribe was awarded funds from the Department of Energy to formulate the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan. This will be a guiding document used throughout the planning of projects focused on energy reduction on the Reservation. The Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan's goal is to create a Five Year Energy Plan for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians in San Jacinto, California. This plan will guide the decision making process towards consistent progress leading to the Tribal goal of a 25% reduction in energy consumption in the next five years. It will additionally outline energy usage/patterns and will edentify areas the Tribe can decrease energy use and increase efficiency. The report documents activities undertaken under the grant, as well as incldues the Tribe's strategif energy plan.

Miller, Kim [EPA Specialist] [EPA Specialist

2013-09-17

394

Planning for Preservation during Mass Digitization Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In anticipation of current and future mass digitization projects in which the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Library will participate, the Library's Conservation Unit began to gather data on the "scannability" of our general book collections to anticipate potential effects on conservation and preservation work flows. The findings…

Teper, Jennifer Hain; Shaw, Emily F.

2011-01-01

395

Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Execution Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project supports the Hanford Site Mission to cleanup the Site by providing safe, economic, environmentally sound management of Site spent nuclear fuel in a manner that reduces hazards by staging it to interim onsite storage and deactivates the 100 K Area facilities.

LEROY, P.G.

2000-11-03

396

Project Redirection Implementation Plan: Stage I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the changes brought about by Project Redirection in New Jersey's Department of Human Services Division of Developmental Disabilities (formerly the Division of Mental Retardation), which now serves not only persons with mental retardation and autistic adults but also those individuals with developmental disabilities. Reports…

New Jersey State Developmental Disabilities Council, Trenton.

397

School Yard Environmental Projects: A Planning Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes how to establish successful trails, outdoor classrooms, or other environmental education improvements on rural and urban school grounds. Teachers are encouraged to promote the environmental project as a solution to an existing problem and to include all parties and stakeholders that can benefit from a coordinated environmental…

Megalos, Mark A.; And Others

398

The Groundwater Performance Assessment Project Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has monitored groundwater on the Hanford Site since the 1940s to help determine what chemical and radiological contaminants have made their way into the groundwater. As regulatory requirements for monitoring increased in the 1980s, there began to be some overlap between various programs. DOE established the Groundwater Performance Assessment Project (groundwater project) in 1996 to ensure protection of the public and the environment while improving the efficiency of monitoring activities. The groundwater project is designed to support all groundwater monitoring needs at the site, eliminate redundant sampling and analysis, and establish a cost-effective hierarchy for groundwater monitoring activities. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the groundwater project. This QA Plan is based on the QA requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--General Provisions/Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the groundwater project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The groundwater project has determined that the Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Luttrell, Stuart P.

2006-05-11

399

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted interim groundwater remedial activities on the Hanford Site since the mid-1990s for several groundwater contamination plumes. DOE established the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project (Technologies Project) in 2006 to evaluate alternative treatment technologies. The objectives for the technology project are as follows: develop a 300 Area polyphosphate treatability test to immobilize uranium, design and test infiltration of a phosphate/apatite technology for Sr-90 at 100-N, perform carbon tetrachloride and chloroform attenuation parameter studies, perform vadose zone chromium characterization and geochemistry studies, perform in situ biostimulation of chromium studies for a reducing barrier at 100-D, and perform a treatability test for phytoremediation for Sr-90 at 100-N. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the Technologies Project. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is based on the quality assurance requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the technology project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Fix, N. J.

2007-01-10

400

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies  

E-print Network

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­ Child and Youth 24012 Child Development 3 See note 1 on page 2 HDFS 25512 Management of Family Resources 3 HDFS 34031 and Family Studies ­ Child and Youth Development - Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-HDFS-CYD] College of Education

Sheridan, Scott

401

Curriculum Helps Families Discuss and Plan for Future of Their Woodland or Farm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Succession planning is an important step for families owning woodlands and farms that wish to maintain the character of the land and continue the families' connection to it. We introduce Ties to the Land, an educational curriculum that helps families communicate more effectively about the fate of their land and how to transition to future…

Withrow-Robinson, Brad; Sisock, Mary; Watkins, Susan

2012-01-01

402

Family Factors in Migration Plans of Youth, High School Seniors in St. Lawrence County, New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyses of data obtained from 790 questionnaires collected from a sample of public high school seniors in a relatively low income, sparsely settled county in northern New York State in May, 1962, revealed some of the effects of 2 family systems--the immediate family and the extended family--on the migration planning of high school seniors.…

Crawford, Charles O.

403

UMTRA Project Office Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 5  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites in accordance with Public Law 95-604, the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA). The UMTRA Project`s mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. The US Department of Energy (DOE) UMTRA Project Office directs the overall Project. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria (set forth in the reference documents) has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. The UMTRA Project Office shall require each Project contractor to prepare and submit for approval a more detailed QAPP that is based on the applicable criteria of this QAPP and the referenced documents. All QAPPs on the UMTRA Project shall fit within the framework of this plan or an industry standard format that has been approved by the DOE Project Office.

Not Available

1993-11-01

404

The strategies, experiences and future challenges of the information component in the Indonesian Family Planning Programme.  

PubMed

In 1957, the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Federation was established. In 1970, the National Family Planning Board (BKKBN) was created. The current contraceptive prevalence rate is 45-50%. The family planning program began with a health-oriented approach. To promote acceptance, religious leaders were asked to provide legitimacy to the program. Through their efforts, it became possible to include all the means and medication used for family planning services within the program. In developing an IEC strategy to encourage couples to accept family planning, 3 main factors were studied: 1) the types of innovations that were to be introduced, 2) the characteristics of the Indonesian community, and 3) the need for an IEC strategy to convey the programs messages the community and make the community itself the agent of the innovation being introduced. The elements of the strategy were introduced stage by stage to avoid unnecessary debate. Another strategic step was the introduction of family planning using a community approach. A 3rd strategic step was a shift from couples as family planning acceptors to the introduction of the norm of a small, happy, and prosperous family. The 1st stage, expansion of program coverage, 1) promoted the need for and desirability of family planning to make the small and happy family the norm and 2) supplied contraceptives and information about contraceptives throughout Indonesia. The 2nd stage, the program maintenance approach, included 1) an increase in the frequency of visits to villages by mobile family planning teams, 2) the integration of family planning activities with other health-related activities, and 3) giving people a wider choice of methods and helping them to choose the most suitable method for them. The 3rd stage made family planning a community activity, integrated within the economic and social fabric of community life. The general strategy of the IEC program is to make the various target groups full family planning participants, who will in turn, help to draw nonacceptors into the program. Social marketing is being used to 1) reach those as yet uninformed about family planning, 2) promote the quality of various information and motivation activities so that they will become behaviorally oriented, and 3) provide an opportunity for the private sector to participate in the program professionally. PMID:12342240

Suyono, H

1988-12-01

405

Rocky mountain arsenal, procedures manual to the technical plan. Volume 3. Project health and safety plan  

SciTech Connect

This document consists of 4 volumes. (RTIC has only volume III: Project Health And Safety Plan) This volume describes the health and safety procedures which will be employed at RMA. There are sections on the following elements: (1) Personnel (2) Hazard Assessment (3) Training (4) Protective Clothing And Equipment (5) Monitoring Procedures (6) Decontamination (7) Emergency/Contingency Plans.

NONE

1986-08-01

406

25 CFR 170.436 - How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? 170.436 Section... INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian...436 How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? (a)...

2010-04-01

407

25 CFR 170.436 - How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...true How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? 170.436 Section... INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian...436 How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? (a)...

2012-04-01

408

25 CFR 170.436 - How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? 170.436 Section... INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian...436 How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? (a)...

2013-04-01

409

25 CFR 170.436 - How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? 170.436 Section... INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian...436 How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? (a)...

2011-04-01

410

25 CFR 170.436 - How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? 170.436 Section... INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian...436 How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? (a)...

2014-04-01

411

7 CFR 1948.78 - Growth management and housing planning projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Growth management and housing planning projects. 1948.78 Section 1948...Program § 1948.78 Growth management and housing planning projects. (a) Existing plans for growth management and housing may be...

2013-01-01

412

7 CFR 1948.78 - Growth management and housing planning projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Growth management and housing planning projects. 1948.78 Section 1948...Program § 1948.78 Growth management and housing planning projects. (a) Existing plans for growth management and housing may be...

2012-01-01

413

7 CFR 1948.78 - Growth management and housing planning projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2013-01-01 true Growth management and housing planning projects. 1948.78 Section 1948...Program § 1948.78 Growth management and housing planning projects. (a) Existing plans for growth management and housing may be...

2014-01-01

414

7 CFR 1948.78 - Growth management and housing planning projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-01-01 true Growth management and housing planning projects. 1948.78 Section 1948...Program § 1948.78 Growth management and housing planning projects. (a) Existing plans for growth management and housing may be...

2011-01-01

415

The debate on family planning and reproductive rights in Bolivia.  

PubMed

Using Bolivia as the example, the author critiques international organization and health professional emphasis upon providing family planning services as inadequate to meet the needs and interests of poor women. The feminist and women's movements should be expected to fight to regain the right of self-determination, and to demand integral health care for women. Contraception will constitute but a component of this holistic approach. Poverty, natalism, development, and population policies are all interrelated issues in Bolivia as the country proceeds through a period of democratization. Where total fertility averages 5 children/women as it does in Bolivia, women should certainly have the right to choose contraception in the control of fertility. Simple provision of such services and supplies will not, however, suffice to solve more deeply rooted social and economic problems faced by those women. The author further fears that some parts of the feminist movement have forgotten that population and related policies developed and imposed by other cultures have little interest in respecting the self-determination of women as individuals. Support for these policies by movement members only reinforces and helps to reproduce existing conditions of poverty and unequal rights. PMID:12284538

De La Fuente, M

1991-01-01

416

Evaluation of natural family planning programmes in Liberia and Zambia.  

PubMed

Studies to evaluate use-effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of natural family planning (NFP) were conducted in Liberia and Zambia. The Liberian programme provided uni-purpose NFP services to 1055 clients mainly in rural areas; the Zambian programme provided NFP services integrated with MCH to 2709 clients predominantly in urban areas. The one-year life table continuation and unplanned pregnancy rates were 78.9 and 4.3 per 100 woman-years in Liberia, compared to 71.2 and 8.9 in Zambia. However, high rates of loss to follow-up mandate caution in interpretation of these results, especially in Zambia. More women progressed to autonomous NFP use in Liberia (58%) than in Zambia (35.3%). However, programme costs per couple-year protection were lower in Zambia (US$25.7) than in Liberia (US$47.1). Costs per couple-year protection were higher during learning than autonomy, and declined over time. These studies suggest that NFP programmes can achieve acceptable use- and cost-effectiveness in Africa. PMID:8478373

Gray, R H; Kambic, R T; Lanctot, C A; Martin, M C; Wesley, R; Cremins, R

1993-04-01

417

Accessibility of Family Planning Services: Impact of Structural and Organizational Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This study sought to determine whether selected structural and organizational characteristics of publicly available family\\u000a planning facilities are associated with greater availability.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: A survey was sent to 726 publicly available family planning facilities in four states. These included local health departments,\\u000a federally qualified health centers (FQHC), Planned Parenthood sites, hospital outpatient departments, and freestanding women’s\\u000a health centers. Usable

Lorraine V. Klerman; Kay A. Johnson; Chiang-hua Chang; Phyllis Wright-Slaughter; David C. Goodman

2007-01-01

418

Advanced Hybrid Particulate Collector Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

As the consumption of energy increases, its impact on ambient air quality has become a significant concern. Recent studies indicate that fine particles from coal combustion cause health problems as well as atmospheric visibility impairment. These problems are further compounded by the concentration of hazardous trace elements such as mercury, cadmium, selenium, and arsenic in fine particles. Therefore, a current need exists to develop superior, but economical, methods to control emissions of fine particles. Since most of the toxic metals present in coal will be in particulate form, a high level of fine- particle collection appears to be the best method of overall air toxics control. However, over 50% of mercury and a portion of selenium emissions are in vapor form and cannot be collected in particulate control devices. Therefore, this project will focus on developing technology not only to provide ultrahigh collection efficiency of particulate air toxic emissions, but also to capture vapor- phase trace metals such as mercury and selenium. Currently, the primary state-of-the-art technologies for particulate control are fabric filters (baghouses) and electrostatic precipitators (ESPs). However, they both have limitations that prevent them from achieving ultrahigh collection of fine particulate matter and vapor-phase trace metals. The objective of this project is to develop a highly reliable advanced hybrid particulate collector (AHPC) that can provide > 99.99 % particulate collection efficiency for all particle sizes between 0.01 and 50 14m, is applicable for use with all U.S. coals, and is cost-0443competitive with existing technologies. Phase I of the project is organized into three tasks: Task I - Project Management, Reporting, and Subcontract Consulting Task 2 - Modeling, Design, and Construction of 200-acfm AHPC Model Task 3 - Experimental Testing and Subcontract Consulting

Miller, S.J.

1995-11-01

419

Sri Lanka: sterilization bonus announced in Sri Lanka; new CBD experiments in Sri Lanka; orchids and family planning.  

PubMed

The government of Sri Lanka will give a minimum bonus of SRs 100 ($US6.00) to anyone voluntarily being sterilized. Women will be given 7 days leave and men 3. Many public and private corporations pay sterilization bonuses; the new bonus was set to compete with generous maternity benefits. The average daily wage is about SRs 120. Currently the demand for sterilization is greater than the health services' ability to meet it. Depo-provera is becoming increasingly popular in Sri Lanka, especially among the Muslim communities. The Family Planning Association of Sri Lanka is to test new forms of social marketing of contraceptives to provide wider coverage through community-based distribution. One system will use the route of a commercial firm, Reckitt and Coleman Ltd., and another system will use a network of provincial organizers, commission agents, and local retailers. To create an awareness in young people of their responsibility toward society the Family Planning Association organized an orchid cultivation and family planning propaganda project. 40 young boys are being taught orchid culture and the benefits of family planning. Orchids can be grown in the back yard without any capital investment. There is a steady market for the orchids, and the training program lasts 6 months for each cohort of boys. PMID:12262035

1980-01-01

420

Evolution of project planning tools in a matrix organization  

SciTech Connect

Until recently, the Corporate Construction Program at Sandia was experiencing difficulties in managing projects: poor planning and cost estimating caused schedule and budget problems. The first step taken was a Microsoft {reg_sign} Project schedule that provides a standard template for scheduling individual construction projects. It is broken down according to the life cycle of the project and prevents the project team from leaving out an important item. A WBS (work breakdown structure) dictionary was also developed that describes how capital and operating funds are used to develop, design, construct, equip, and manage projects. We also developed a matrix chart that maps the planning guide against the major types of construction projects at Sandia. The guide, dictionary, and matrix chart offer enough flexibility that the project manager can make choices about how to structure work, yet ensure that all work rolls up to the cost categories and key DOE WBS elements. As requirements change, the tools can be updated; they also serve as training tools for new project team members.

Furaus, J.P.; Figueroa-McInteer, C.; McKeever, P.S.; Wisler, D.B. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Zavadil, J.T. [Infomatrix (United States)

1996-10-01

421

Wildlife Protection, Mitigation, and Enhancement Plan, Palisades Project: Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

Under direction of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980 and the subsequent Northwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, projects have been developed in Idaho and Wyoming to mitigate the losses of wildlife habitat and annual production due to the development and operation of the Palisades Project. A modified Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) was used to assess the benefits of the preferred mitigation plan to wildlife. The interagency work group used the target species Habitat Units (HU's) lost with inundation of the reservoir area as a guideline during the mitigation planning process, while considering needs of wildlife in eastern Idaho and western Wyoming. A total of 37,068 HU's were estimated to be lost as a result of the inundation of the Palisades Reservoir area. Through a series of protection/enhancement projects, the preferred mitigation plan will provide benefits of an estimated 37,066 HU's. Target species to be benefited by this mitigation plan include bald eagle, mule deer, elk, mallard, Canada goose, mink, yellow warbler, black-capped chickadee, ruffed grouse, and peregrine falcon.

Meuleman, G. Allyn

1986-11-01

422

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton; Kent Norris

2010-03-01

423

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton

2009-10-01

424

Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an evaluation of the Project Plan. The Project Plan is intended to provide the high-level direction that documents the required software activities to meet the contractual commitments prepared by the sponsor; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Carl Wharton; Kent Norris

2009-12-01

425

49 CFR 611.7 - Relation to planning and project development processes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Relation to planning and project development processes. 611.7 Section...TRANSPORTATION MAJOR CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROJECTS § 611.7 Relation to planning and project development processes. All new...

2011-10-01

426

49 CFR 611.7 - Relation to planning and project development processes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Relation to planning and project development processes. 611.7 Section...TRANSPORTATION MAJOR CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROJECTS § 611.7 Relation to planning and project development processes. All new...

2012-10-01

427

49 CFR 633.25 - Contents of a project management plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...633.25 Contents of a project management plan. At a minimum, a recipient's project management plan shall include— ...job qualifications; (b) A budget covering the project management organization,...

2013-10-01

428

49 CFR 633.25 - Contents of a project management plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...633.25 Contents of a project management plan. At a minimum, a recipient's project management plan shall include— ...job qualifications; (b) A budget covering the project management organization,...

2011-10-01

429

49 CFR 633.25 - Contents of a project management plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...633.25 Contents of a project management plan. At a minimum, a recipient's project management plan shall include— ...job qualifications; (b) A budget covering the project management organization,...

2012-10-01

430

49 CFR 633.25 - Contents of a project management plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...633.25 Contents of a project management plan. At a minimum, a recipient's project management plan shall include— ...job qualifications; (b) A budget covering the project management organization,...

2014-10-01

431

Sampling and Analysis Plan - Waste Treatment Plant Seismic Boreholes Project  

SciTech Connect

This sampling and analysis plan (SAP) describes planned data collection activities for four entry boreholes through the sediment overlying the basalt, up to three new deep rotary boreholes through the basalt and sedimentary interbeds, and one corehole through the basalt and sedimentary interbeds at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) site. The SAP will be used in concert with the quality assurance plan for the project to guide the procedure development and data collection activities needed to support borehole drilling, geophysical measurements, and sampling. This SAP identifies the American Society of Testing Materials standards, Hanford Site procedures, and other guidance to be followed for data collection activities.

Reidel, Steve P.

2006-05-26

432

12. DETAILS NO. 1. Vasona Light Rail Project, Asbuilt Plan, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. DETAILS NO. 1. Vasona Light Rail Project, As-built Plan, Diridon Station Water Tank. Tank Elevation, Foundation Plan, Framing Plan, all at 1:50, and a Section at 1:5. Drawing no. SD701, submitted by Biggs Cardosa Associates, Inc., 1871 The Alameda, Suite 200, San Jose, California. Contract no. C326, CADD file 326SD701. Stamped by Roy. Schnabel, California registered professional engineer no. C46828. - Southern Pacific Depot, Water Tower, 65 Cahill Street, San Jose, Santa Clara County, CA

433

Lives and plans of Polish migrant families in Edinburgh   

E-print Network

This thesis takes as its subject Polish families who migrated to Edinburgh after Poland’s accession to the EU in 2004. It analyses the families’ post-migration trajectories and experiences, and investigates how these are ...

Ramasawmy, Lucy Jane

2014-07-01

434

NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

Fishler, B

2011-03-18

435

On the socioeconomic benefits of family planning work.  

PubMed

The focus of this article is on 1) the intended socioeconomic benefit of Chinese family planning (FP) versus the benefit of the maternal production sector, 2) the estimated costs of FP work, 3) and the principal ways to lower FP costs. Marxian population theory, which is ascribed to in socialist China, states that population and socioeconomic development are interconnected and must adapt to each other and that an excessively large or small population will upset the balance and retard development. Malthusians believe that large populations reduce income, and Adam Smith believed that more people meant a larger market and more income. It is believed that FP will bring socioeconomic benefits to China. The socioeconomic benefit of material production is the linkage between labor consumption and the amount of labor usage with the fruits and benefits of labor. FP invests in human, material, and financial resources to reduce the birth rate and the absolute number of births. The investment is recouped in population. The increased national income generated from a small outlay to produce an ideal population would be used to improve material and cultural lives. FP brings economic benefits and accelerates social development (ecological balances women's emancipation and improvement in the physical and mental health of women and children, improvement in cultural learning and employment, cultivation of socialist morality and new practices, and stability). In computing FP cost, consideration is given to total cost and unit cost. Cost is dependent on the state budget allocation, which was 445.76 million yuan in 1982 and was doubled by 1989. World Bank figures for 1984 affixed the FP budget in China at 979.6 million US dollars, of which 80% was provided by China. Per person, this means 21 cents for central, provincial, prefecture, and country spending, 34 cents for rural collective set-ups, 25 cents for child awards, and various subsidies, 15 cents for sterilization, and 5 cents for rural medical services, or 1 US dollar/person. Unit costs are the costs to reduce the population of one and include direct and indirect costs. The unit cost between 1970-82 was 35.5 yuan, but if outlays for families and industrial units are included, the cost was 70-100 yuan. Population growth, however, must be balanced so that aging does not cancel out the benefits from FP gains. Lower costs can be achieved by better FP administration. PMID:12343682

Yang, D

1991-01-01

436

[Decision on family planning work of 7 March 1990].  

PubMed

The full decision in 7 parts of the Fujian Provincial CPC Committee and Government on Family Planning (FP) Work on March 7, 1990 is reported. A general statement about population growth in Fujian urges a stop to unplanned births, early marriages, and early childbearing. Section 1 pertains to cooperative leadership at all levels of party committees and governments in strengthening FP. The call is for integration of FP with economic development in accordance with the law, available cultivated land/capita, and population growth. Leadership in FP must come from the highest levels and be integrated into normal routines with provision for manpower, material, and financial resources. Local party committees and government must supervise FP work in units at all levels according the Central Committee and State Council's directives. Members of the Communist Youth League need to be actively involved. Section 2 pertains to establishing a responsibility system at various levels in order to meet targets, particularly in the next 3 years. Average annual rate of natural population growth should not exceed 13% and should be maintained at 11.33% for 1990. Couples must stay with 1 child/family and reduce unplanned births. Evaluation of work is dependent on fulfilling FP responsibilities for leaders at all levels. Rewards and punishments are to be established. Review of FP occurs annually for individuals and units, and a progress report sent to the People's Congress at the appropriate level of the Standing Committee. Accurate statistics need to be compiled. Section 3 stipulates that FP work is be carried out within the confines of provincial law. Strict enforcement of regulations is necessary. Approval is necessary for a 2nd child, and this regulation needs to be closely monitored. The position recommended is marrying and childbearing late and having only 1 child. Prevention is the key. Rewards and punishments pertain to government or party members. Social welfare benefits for those abiding by the regulations should be expanded. In section 4, emphasis is placed on rural areas lagging behind. Section 5 calls for old age homes and insurance for the aged, which could be funded from the unplanned birth funds, and a fund for women workers' childbearing and social security system. Section 7 promotes education about population, living conditions, and the legal system and propaganda on population and FP at all ages. Population theory and adolescence science need to be incorporated into the curriculum. Section 7 is concerned with increasing the collaboration between FP associations and party and government workers, both past and present. In section 8, the means of strengthening FP work is detailed. PMID:12285788

1990-05-11

437

Highlights of the NCJW National Family Day Care Project (1988-1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Family Day Care Project (NFDCP) was undertaken by the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW) to create and support demonstration projects for community-based organizations to ensure the availability of high quality family day care. During the first 2 years of the 4-year project, NCJW volunteers in 31 communities in 21 states assessed…

National Council of Jewish Women, New York, NY. Center for the Child.

438

HEDR model validation plan. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project has developed a set of computational ``tools`` for estimating the possible radiation dose that individuals may have received from past Hanford Site operations. This document describes the planned activities to ``validate`` these tools. In the sense of the HEDR Project, ``validation`` is a process carried out by comparing computational model predictions with field observations and experimental measurements that are independent of those used to develop the model.

Napier, B.A.; Gilbert, R.O.; Simpson, J.C.; Ramsdell, J.V. Jr.; Thiede, M.E.; Walters, W.H.

1993-06-01

439

Systems engineering management and implementation plan for Project W-465, immobilized low-activity waste plan  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Engineering Management and Implementation Plan (SEMIP) for TWRS Project W-465 describes the project implementation of the Tank Waste Remediation System Systems Engineering Management Plan (TWRS SEMP), Rev. 1. The SEMIP outlines systems engineering (SE) products and processes to be used by the project for technical baseline development. A formal graded approach is used to determine the products necessary for requirements, design, and operational baseline completion. SE management processes are defined, and roles and responsibilities for management processes and major technical baseline elements are documented.

Latray, D.A.

1998-05-15

440

Planning Ahead: College Seniors' Concerns about Work-Family Conflict.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research suggests that working men experience as much work-family conflict as women do. More men are doing housework and childcare, and feel that family is as important as their work. An attempt was made to determine how college seniors view their potential for managing work-family conflict. College students (N=324) attending a private…

Barnett, Rosalind Chait; Gareis, Karen C.; James, Jacquelyn Boone; Steele, Jennifer

441

Linking population, fertility, and family planning with adaptation to climate change: perspectives from Ethiopia.  

PubMed

Global climate change is felt disproportionately in the world's most economically disadvantaged countries. As adaption to an evolving climate becomes increasingly salient on national and global scales, it is important to assess how people at the local-level are already coping with changes. Understanding local responses to climate change is essential for helping countries to construct strategies to bolster resilience to current and future effects. This qualitative research investigated responses to climate change in Ethiopia; specifically, how communities react to and cope with climate variation, which groups are most vulnerable, and the role of family planning in increasing resilience. Participants were highly aware of changing climate effects, impacts of rapid population growth, and the need for increased access to voluntary family planning. Identification of family planning as an important adaptation strategy supports the inclusion of rights-based voluntary family planning and reproductive health into local and national climate change adaptation plans. PMID:24069764

Rovin, Kimberly; Hardee, Karen; Kidanu, Aklilu

2013-09-01

442

Energy Strategic Planning & Self-Sufficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information regarding options available, their advantages and disadvantages, and the costs for pursuing activities to advance Smith River Rancheria toward an energy program that reduces their energy costs, allows greater self-sufficiency and stimulates economic development and employment opportunities within and around the reservation. The primary subjects addressed in this report are as follow: (1) Baseline Assessment of Current Energy Costs--An evaluation of the historical energy costs for Smith River was conducted to identify the costs for each component of their energy supply to better assess changes that can be considered for energy cost reductions. (2) Research Viable Energy Options--This includes a general description of many power generation technologies and identification of their relative costs, advantages and disadvantages. Through this research the generation technology options that are most suited for this application were identified. (3) Project Development Considerations--The basic steps and associated challenges of developing a generation project utilizing the selected technologies are identified and discussed. This included items like selling to third parties, wheeling, electrical interconnections, fuel supply, permitting, standby power, and transmission studies. (4) Energy Conservation--The myriad of federal, state and utility programs offered for low-income weatherization and utility bill payment assistance are identified, their qualification requirements discussed, and the subsequent benefits outlined. (5) Establishing an Energy Organization--The report includes a high level discussion of formation of a utility to serve the Tribal membership. The value or advantages of such action is discussed along with some of the challenges. (6) Training--Training opportunities available to the Tribal membership are identified.

Greg Retzlaff

2005-03-30

443

Family planning use among urban poor women from six cities of Uttar Pradesh, India.  

PubMed

Family planning has widespread positive impacts for population health and well-being; contraceptive use not only decreases unintended pregnancies and reduces infant and maternal mortality and morbidity, but it is critical to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals. This study uses baseline, representative data from six cities in Uttar Pradesh, India to examine family planning use among the urban poor. Data were collected from about 3,000 currently married women in each city (Allahabad, Agra, Varanasi, Aligarh, Gorakhpur, and Moradabad) for a total sample size of 17,643 women. Participating women were asked about their fertility desires, family planning use, and reproductive health. The survey over-sampled slum residents; this permits in-depth analyses of the urban poor and their family planning use behaviors. Bivariate and multivariate analyses are used to examine the role of wealth and education on family planning use and unmet need for family planning. Across all of the cities, about 50% of women report modern method use. Women in slum areas generally report less family planning use and among those women who use, slum women are more likely to be sterilized than to use other methods, including condoms and hormonal methods. Across all cities, there is a higher unmet need for family planning to limit childbearing than for spacing births. Poorer women are more likely to have an unmet need than richer women in both the slum and non-slum samples; this effect is attenuated when education is included in the analysis. Programs seeking to target the urban poor in Uttar Pradesh and elsewhere in India may be better served to identify the less educated women and target these women with appropriate family planning messages and methods that meet their current and future fertility desire needs. PMID:22399250

Speizer, Ilene S; Nanda, Priya; Achyut, Pranita; Pillai, Gita; Guilkey, David K

2012-08-01

444

[Family grasping establishment of service net, making family planning work become a regular practice and a system].  

PubMed

In accordance with Central Committee Document no. 7 which calls for family planning work reform, China's Yuncheng Prefecture established changes in its family planning System. Yuncheng Prefecture contains 13 counties, 211 townships, 3292 administrative villages, and a population of 3,850,000. Propaganda technique leadership stations were implemented in 70% of the prefectures and counties, propaganda technique service stations in 90% of the townships, 1829 service rooms and 475 services in the villages. The Central Committee has frequently stated that controlling population growth entails strategic responsibility; the establishment of service nets is the primary step for fulfilling that responsibility. Methods in its establishment include: 1) Comprehensive planning: determining which districts have leadership and are receptive; 2) Proper selection of enthusiastic and educated personnel; 3) Adequate equipment at service sites; 4) Coordination of service net efforts with public health departments; 5) Accomplishing the following 5 services through administrative and professional management: propaganda, technology, policy, eugenics, and social welfare. The social advantage of the service nets is the creation in 2 years of a specialized group form the agrarian community who will become a systematic force which will guarantee continuous family planning work. As a consequence of the establishment service nets, more couples now desire only 1 child; unplanned 2nd births in 1984 decreased 12% from 1983. The multiple child rate fell 4.83% for those years. Family planning work has become more economical and efficient. PMID:12159297

1987-07-01

445

DO FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMS DECREASE POVERTY? EVIDENCE FROM PUBLIC CENSUS DATA  

PubMed Central

This paper provides new evidence that family planning programs are associated with a decrease in the share of children and adults living in poverty. Our research design exploits the county roll-out of U.S. family planning programs in the late 1960s and early 1970s and examines their relationship with poverty rates in the short and longer-term in public census data. We find that cohorts born after federal family planning programs began were less likely to live in poverty in childhood and that these same cohorts were less likely to live in poverty as adults. PMID:25346655

Bailey, Martha J.; Malkova, Olga; Norling, Johannes

2014-01-01

446

The demographic impact of the Philippine family planning program: a tale of two Metro Manilas.  

PubMed

This pamphlet predicts the rates of contraceptive prevalence, total fertility, and population growth in the Philippines during 1970-2000. Contraceptive prevalence was 14.5% in 1970 and is expected to be 50% in 2000. Total fertility was 5.9 in 1970 and is expected to be 3.2 in 2000. Population was 36 million in 1970, 65 million in 1993, and is expected to be 75 million in 2000. If the family planning program had not continued to expand after 1970, population would have been 75 million in 1993 and would rise to 96.7 million in 2000. With expanded family planning, the difference in population for 2000 is 22 million people, or the equivalent of 2 metropolitan Manilas. A projected population that is smaller by 22 million is important for carrying capacity. A summary is given of the world situation proposed by Worldwatch. The projection is for increased demand for food from the 90 million people a year added to total world population. Food output during 1950-84 increased dramatically. However recent trends indicate that fish harvests from oceans have leveled off at 100 million tons a year and fish prices have risen rapidly. Fresh water shortages are now apparent in the United States, Mexico, China, India, and the Middle East. Grain production has slowed. Per capita output of rice, corn, and wheat has declined by 11% since 1984. World stocks of rice are low. Grain prices have doubled on the Chicago Board of Trade. Fertilizer use has declined 12% since 1989. Much crop production has reached maximum yields. Topsoil is disappearing, and cropland expanded only 2% in the last 10 years. Since 1945, 2 million hectares of land have been degraded by overgrazing, deforestation, and agricultural mismanagement. PMID:12179226

1993-11-01

447

45 CFR 286.160 - What are the applicable time frames and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.160 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

448

45 CFR 286.160 - What are the applicable time frames and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.160 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2011-10-01

449

45 CFR 286.160 - What are the applicable time frames and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.160 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2013-10-01

450

45 CFR 286.160 - What are the applicable time frames and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.160 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2012-10-01

451

45 CFR 286.160 - What are the applicable time frames and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.160 Section...Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2014-10-01

452

Automated Procurement System (APS) revised project management plan (DS-03)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Project Plan is the governing document for the implementation of the Automated Procurement System (APS). It includes a description of the proposed system, describes the work to be done, establishes a schedule of deliverables, and discusses the major standards and procedures to be followed.

Murphy, Diane R.

1995-01-01

453

Environmentally Sound Small-Scale Agricultural Projects. Guidelines for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the first of a series of manuals that present environmental guidelines for planning and implementing ecologically sustainable projects. Attention is particularly directed to the agricultural situation and needs of developing nations. Subject areas discussed include: (1) users and uses (identifying the major purposes of the…

Mohonk Trust, New Paltz, NY.

454

Environmentally Sound Small-Scale Forestry Projects. Guidelines for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, the third in a series of publications that address community development possibilities in developing nations, provides guidelines for small-scale forestry projects that are integrative and conservation-oriented. Chapters focus on: (1) users and uses (specifying targeted audience and general objectives); (2) planning process (including…

Ffolliott, Peter F.; Thames, John L.

455

1999 Quality Assurance Project Plan Regional Monitoring Program  

E-print Network

1999 Quality Assurance Project Plan Regional Monitoring Program for Trace Substances Prepared Monitoring Program San Francisco Estuary Institute 1325 S. 46th Street Richmond, CA 94804 May 1999 RMP in the development of our quality assurance and control program as well as this document. Andy Gunther, Applied

456

Environmentally Sound Small-Scale Energy Projects. Guidelines for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is the fourth volume in a series of publications that provide information for the planning of environmentally sound small-scale projects. Programs that aim to protect the renewable natural resources that supply most of the energy used in developing nations are suggested. Considerations are made for physical environmental factors as…

Bassan, Elizabeth Ann; Wood, Timothy S., Ed.

457

14. PROJECT PLAN, INTAKE PIER, RAW WATER CONDUITS, PUMPING STATION ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. PROJECT PLAN, INTAKE PIER, RAW WATER CONDUITS, PUMPING STATION FORCE MAINS, TREATED WATER PIPELINES, AND FILTRATION PLANT, SHEET 1 OF 117, 1920. - Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River approximately 175 feet west of eastern levee on river; roughly .5 mile downstream from confluence of Sacramento & American Rivers, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

458

Project management plan, N Springs expedited response action  

Microsoft Academic Search

In accordance with the past-practice strategy, the US Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting an expedited response action (ERA) at the N Springs, located in the Hanford 100 N Area. This Project Management Plan (PMP) addresses the design and construction of a sheet pile barrier and the design, construction, and operation of an ion-exchanged pump and treat system at N

1994-01-01

459

ENVIRONMENTAL METHODS TESTING SITE PROJECT: DATA MANAGEMENT PROCEDURES PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Methods Testing Site (EMTS) Data Management Procedures Plan identifies the computer hardware and software resources used in the EMTS project. It identifies the major software packages that are available for use by principal investigators for the analysis of data...

460

Spent nuclear fuel project high-level information management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the results of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project (SNFP) Information Management Planning Project (IMPP), a short-term project that identified information management (IM) issues and opportunities within the SNFP and outlined a high-level plan to address them. This high-level plan for the SNMFP IM focuses on specific examples from within the SNFP. The plan`s recommendations can be characterized in several ways. Some recommendations address specific challenges that the SNFP faces. Others form the basis for making smooth transitions in several important IM areas. Still others identify areas where further study and planning are indicated. The team`s knowledge of developments in the IM industry and at the Hanford Site were crucial in deciding where to recommend that the SNFP act and where they should wait for Site plans to be made. Because of the fast pace of the SNFP and demands on SNFP staff, input and interaction were primarily between the IMPP team and members of the SNFP Information Management Steering Committee (IMSC). Key input to the IMPP came from a workshop where IMSC members and their delegates developed a set of draft IM principles. These principles, described in Section 2, became the foundation for the recommendations found in the transition plan outlined in Section 5. Availability of SNFP staff was limited, so project documents were used as a basis for much of the work. The team, realizing that the status of the project and the environment are continually changing, tried to keep abreast of major developments since those documents were generated. To the extent possible, the information contained in this document is current as of the end of fiscal year (FY) 1995. Programs and organizations on the Hanford Site as a whole are trying to maximize their return on IM investments. They are coordinating IM activities and trying to leverage existing capabilities. However, the SNFP cannot just rely on Sitewide activities to meet its IM requirements. While the SNFP can use some work done Sitewide and by projects such as the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS), they will still need to make some IM investments of their own.

Main, G.C.

1996-09-13

461

Yakima Habitat Improvement Project Master Plan, Technical Report 2003.  

SciTech Connect

The Yakima Urban Growth Area (UGA) is a developing and growing urban area in south-central Washington. Despite increased development, the Yakima River and its tributaries within the UGA continue to support threatened populations of summer steelhead and bull trout as well as a variety of non-listed salmonid species. In order to provide for the maintenance and recovery of these species, while successfully planning for the continued growth and development within the UGA, the City of Yakima has undertaken the Yakima Habitat Improvement Project. The overall goal of the project is to maintain, preserve, and restore functioning fish and wildlife habitat within and immediately surrounding the Yakima UGA over the long term. Acquisition and protection of the fish and wildlife habitat associated with key properties in the UGA will prevent future su