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1

Building Your Dream: The Family Handbook. Family Futures Planning Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rhode Island Family Futures Planning Project was funded by the U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA) to develop educational materials to facilitate change in the lives of older caregivers and their relatives with developmental disabilities. Participation...

C. Susa P. G. Clark

1996-01-01

2

Gathering the Materials: The Curriculum Guide. Family Futures Planning Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rhode Island Family Futures Planning Project was funded by the U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA) to develop educational materials to facilitate change in the lives of older caregivers and their relatives with developmental disabilities. Participation...

C. Susa P. G. Clark

1996-01-01

3

Toolkit: A Resource Guide. Family Futures Planning Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rhode Island Family Futures Planning Project was funded by the U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA) to develop educational materials to facilitate change in the lives of older caregivers and their relatives with developmental disabilities. Participation...

P. G. Clark C. Susa

1996-01-01

4

Deworming/family planning project launched on estate.  

PubMed

A deworming/family planning project funded by JOICFP was successfully initiated in Kerling Estate, Kuala Kubu Bahru, Malaysia. Rapport between estate management, workers, and the National Family Planning Board helped establish the project. A recent Gotong-Royong or community self-help project had encouraged enthusiasm among workers to clean up the estate. Mothers were exhorted to plan their families and devote attention to the health and welfare of the children. The need for parents to understand the causes of infestation and educate their children to wear slippers or shoes and develop good toilet habits was emphasized by Dr. Nor Laily Aziz. Continuing National Family Planning Board and Government support was pledged. PMID:12309491

Siva, V

1979-01-01

5

Family Futures Planning. Final Project Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The FFPP was developed to design and pilot-test an innovative model program to bring together the aging and developmental disabilities service systems in support of families with elderly parents and adult sons or daughter with developmental disabilities. ...

C. Susa

1996-01-01

6

Groundwork: A Report from the Hennepin County Family Violence Planning Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the development of a community - based model for coordinated family violence services by the Family Violence Planning Project in Hennepin County, Minn. Funded by a Law Enforcement Assistance Administration grant, the project conducte...

1980-01-01

7

Drafting a Blueprint for Change: The Coordinators' Manual. Family Futures Planning Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rhode Island Family Futures Planning Project was funded by the U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA) to develop educational materials to facilitate change in the lives of older caregivers and their relatives with developmental disabilities. Participation...

C. Susa P. G. Clark

1996-01-01

8

Oregon Improperly Claims Federal Reimbursement for Medicaid Family Planning Services Provided Under the Family Planning Expansion Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pursuant to section 1905(a)(4)(C) of the Act, States are required to furnish family planning services and supplies to individuals of childbearing age who are eligible under the State plan and desire such services and supplies. Section 1903(a)(5) of the Ac...

2012-01-01

9

42 CFR 59.5 - What requirements must be met by a family planning project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What requirements...met by a family planning project? 59.5 Section 59.5 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS...

2012-10-01

10

Family planning through child health: a case study of El Kef project in Tunisia.  

PubMed

In 1970, a Dutch medical team began work in the city of El Kef in Tunisia on a project designed to bring family planning into rural areas. The project aimed to persuade the rural people to use urban health centers, but this approach failed partly because of the remoteness of the communities and their reluctance to discuss personal matters with strangers. Funded by UNFPA, a new project began to recruit and train local girls as home health visitors or aides-familiales, an approach which became the central focus of the El Kef project. The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) took over the project and expanded it to include nutrition, health care, health education, family planning, disease prevention and domestic crafts. 4 goals were fixed for the project: total vaccination coverage for children; elimination of severe malnutrition; reduction of infant mortality; and use of family planning practice by at least 1/2 the women of childbearing age. An efficient recordkeeping system enabled the project to be carefully evaluated and provides much-needed data, showing where it has achieved its aims and where new efforts should be directed. The project resulted in large numbers of women receiving ante-natal advice, child care and family planning from their local health centers. 860 pregnant women were followed up during the 3-year study period. Some 57% of pregnant women went for advice; only 15% went for postnatal care, but 50% of the women under 50 attended child welfare sessions during the study period for weight checks, nutrition advice, vaccination and treatment for minor ailments. Over the 3 years, the number of contraceptive users more than trebled, from 14% to 54%. The IUD was the most popular method. The most successful aspect of the project was the emphasis on maternal and child health, and the home visits were the most motivating feature. Vaccination became more popular. A further aspect of the project was the training in home improvement skills, like sewing, knitting and gardening. After 4 years in the field the aides familiales were a valuable resource of skill and experience. Family planning was integrated with maternal and child health in the government program through the health infrastructure. PMID:12313877

Bouzidi, M; Jones, M

1985-01-01

11

Providing maternal and child health-family planning services to a large rural population: results of the Bohol Project, Philippines.  

PubMed Central

The Bohol Project (1975-1979) sought to improve maternal and child health and to increase the use of family planning among a rural Philippine population of 400,000. Research indicated that maternal and child health (MCH) services did become more available during the Project period and coverage of the priority populations improved. Family planning (FP) use, particularly of less effective methods, increased and fertility declined although some change could have been expected even without the Project. Deaths due to neonatal tetanus were almost eliminated by mortality rates did not decline for a number of reasons, including the fact that services were probably not tailored closely enough to local health problems, especially respiratory diseases. The Project showed that it was possible to increase health and family planning services by using low-cost strategies (such as setting up community drug stores) and by employing paramedical workers, in this case, midwives. Preventive MCH-FP services were not overwhelmed by curative services as had been feared. Perhaps the most significant contributions of the Project were the lessons learned about delivering health and family planning services and conducting evaluation research. In general, if developing countries could maintain well-evaluated field laboratories for working out health and family planning delivery approaches before going nationwide, it is likely that time and money would be saved in the long run.

Williamson, N E; Parado, J P; Maturan, E G

1983-01-01

12

Family Partnership in Transition Planning Packet. Bridging Early Services Transition Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet of handouts focuses on the role of the family in easing their child with disabilities from one early childhood educational program to another. Typical items include: reasons for involving families in transition; questions parents ask about "appropriate" placement; planned conversations with parents during the transition process; parent…

Rosenkoetter, Sharon; Shotts, Cynthia

13

Family Health and Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is made up of a selection of some of the papers distributed to participants in courses on "Family Health and Family Planning" which have been organized each year since 1973 by the International Children's Center and the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. Six courses, held between 1973 and 1978, brought together a…

World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.

14

[Strengthening family planning management].  

PubMed

Prior to 1984, enforcement of family planning policies in an undisclosed PLA military settlement in China's Jinan Military Region was totally inadequate. After notification from the central government, this military settlement immediately began enforcing family planning policies, resulting in sudden and full compliance with the central government's family planning policies. The system of scientific management of promoting and enforcing family planning, established by local administrators, is described. Management by objectives, clearly defined individual tasks and responsibilities, an full cooperation and support on the part of the authorities are some of the factors responsible for the effectiveness and success of the family planning efforts in this military settlement. A number of potential problem areas are identified scientific management techniques in dealing with uncooperative parties are emphasized. PMID:12159410

Hong, C; Shi, Z

1985-09-29

15

Farmers and family planning.  

PubMed

13 African nations have family planning policies, but the family planning efforts in rural or poorer communities have consistently been less effective. This article gives African farmers' views and concerns on birth control. Many of the rural mothers express concerns that they need to have many children because: they know they will lose some children to illness, they need the children's help cultivating the fields, it is prestigious to have many children, they want to be sure that there is someone to care for them in their old age. Examples of family case histories are provided along with the specific views of family planning by these parents. The family planning programs in Niger, Kenya, and Zimbabwe are described along with the pertinent statistics on population growth rates. PMID:12282757

Anza, S; Amakoye, S; Morna, C L; Pradervand, P

1989-12-01

16

Family planning education.  

PubMed

17 days were spent devoted to the effort of learning about China's educational approach to family planning in the hope of discovering how they are achieving their remarkable success in reducing population growth. As a member of the 1981 New York University/SIECUS Colloquim in China, it was necessary to rely on the translation provided by the excellent guides. Discussions were focused on questions prepared in advance about the topics that concerned the group. These observations, based on a short and limited exposure, cover the following areas: marriage and family planning policies; the family planning program; school programs; adult education; family planning workers; and unique aspects of the program. China has an official position on marriage and family planning that continues to undergo revisions. The new marriage law sets the minimum ages of marriage at 22 for men and 20 for women. Almost everyone marries, and an unmarried person over age 28 is a rarity. The family planning program in China is carried out by an extensive organizational network at national, provincial, and local government levels. Officials termed it a "propaganda campaign." Hospitals, clinics, and factories invariably displayed posters; a popular set of four presents the advantages of the 1 child family as follows: late marriage is best, for it allows more time to work and study; 1 child is best for the health of the mother; one gets free medical care for his/her child if a family has only 1 child; and there is more time to teach 1 child. The state operated television regularly explains the 1 child policy utilizing special films. According to 1 family planning official, "before marriage there is little sex." There are few abortions for unmarried women. Education about sex is for adults, for those persons who are about to be married. There is little if any sex education in schools. Sexual teaching is not generally acceptable, especially in the rural areas. By contrast, in Shanghai the physiology teaching in the middle school does include sex education and reproduction. Sex information for adults is offered at the time of marriage. Married or about to be married adults are the major target of the state's family planning education effort. The key educators are an extensive network of family planning workers. All hospitals have a family planning office, and there are also family planning workers in the factories. What is unique about the Chinese approach is its use of reward and punishment. PMID:6550674

Hamburg, M V

1983-02-01

17

Family Autonomy Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the project was to ensure the successful transition to adulthood of adolescents with physical disabilities or chronic illnesses by means of interventions with families, the health care team, and the adolescents themselves. The project sough to...

S. L. Hostler

1993-01-01

18

The Family Farm Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kenyon College's Family Farm Project, "a three-year study exploring family farming and community life in Knox County, Ohio," presents an intimate multimedia view of the daily life of the family farm, which some consider a vanishing institution in America.

1996-01-01

19

Family planning and Islam.  

PubMed

This summarizes briefly teachings on family planning according to the consensus, or Ijma, of Muslim jurists. "Limitation of numbers" or family planning is permitted for preserving the good life, for ensuring economic security, for preserving the health of the wife, and, by implication, when the consent of the wife is given. Azl (coitus interruptus) is definitely permitted with the consent of the wife. New methods may be adopted subject to the principle of moral behavior. The wife can adopt any method with the consent of her husband in order to save her life. She can adopt it without his consent if she is in poor health. The use of qualified medical advice is emphasized. The view that contraception is killing children is extreme; the admonition in the Holy Koran not to recourse to infanticide is to discourage the killing of children, and is not directed at healthy methods of birth control. Islam stands for a positive life and does not give credence to the fatalism and pessimism of Malthusian calculus. It also does not uphold family planning as a negative factor in economics and society. PMID:12276340

Zaman, H

1971-01-01

20

Effects of the Philippine family planning outreach project on contraceptive prevalence: a multivariate analysis.  

PubMed

The 1980 Community Outreach Survey was used to assess the impact of the Outreach Project involving 2600 community workers on contraceptive prevalence. The primary measure was clinical prevalence (numerator limited to use of clinical methods--pills, IUD, and sterilization; the denominator was married women aged 15-44). The 46 socioeconomic (SES) and program input variables that appeared to be most closely correlated with contraceptive prevalence were subject to multivariate analysis on a stepwise basis. Of these 5 out of 7 SES variables accounted for 26.9% of the variance in clinical prevalence (household SES 22%, education of head of household 3%). 10 program variables (apart from specific Outreach Project variables) accounted for less than 4%. 12 Outreach Project variables accounted for a further 11.9% of the total variance or 17.2% of the residual variance. The most influential Outreach Project variables were whether the supply point officer was currently using a clinical method and the amount of personal contact with couples. The Outreach Project variables with no appreciable independent effect included mass media inputs, background characteristics of workers, and job satisfaction of the workers. Overall, the multivariate analysis demonstrated that the Outreach Project has affected contraceptive prevalence in the rural areas of the Philippines not reached by clinic-based operations. PMID:7348467

Laing, J E

1981-11-01

21

Manpower and project planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose was to study how manpower and projects are planned at the Facilities Engineering Division (FENGD) within the Systems Engineering and Operations Directorate of the LaRC and to make recommendations for improving the effectiveness and productivity ot the tools that are used. The existing manpower and project planning processes (including the management plan for the FENGD, existing manpower planning reports, project reporting to LaRC and NASA Headquarters, employee time reporting, financial reporting, and coordination/tracking reports for procurement) were discussed with several people, and project planning software was evaluated.

Johnson, David W.

1991-01-01

22

Project planning through optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given as follows. Projects exposed to an uncertain environment must deal with effective integration of various planning elements and optimization of project parameters. Time cost and quality are the prime objectives of a project that are to be optimized to fulfil the objective of project achievement. Moreover, in uncertain environments, there exists a lot of other conflicting

P. K. Dey; S. Mukherjee; A. Bhattacharya

1997-01-01

23

HIV\\/STD Risk and Sexual Strategies Among Women Family Planning Clients in New York: Project FIO  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes among 360 family planning clients in an HIV epicenter, women's HIV\\/STD risk characteristics, the barriers and facilitators of condom use within the context of relationships, and the use of alternative strategies for protection. Women attending the clinic were recruited for an HIV\\/STD preventive intervention and interviewed at baseline. At least 1 risk factor was reported by 77%,

Anke A. Ehrhardt; Theresa M. Exner; Susie Hoffman; Israela Silberman; Sandra Yingling; Jessica Adams-Skinner; Linda Smart-Smith

2002-01-01

24

Population Growth: Family Planning Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings of the second annual symposium on population growth bring together speeches and panel discussions on family planning programs. Titles of speeches delivered are: Communicating Family Planning (Mrs. Jean Hutchinson); Effects of New York's Abortion Law Change (Dr. Walter Rogers); The Law and Birth Control, Sterilization and Abortion…

Doberenz, Alexander R., Ed.; Taylor, N. Burwell G., Ed.

25

Family Preservation (Family Focus Research Project).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Family Focus Research project provided a comprehensive evaluation of home-based crisis intervention strategies for families with children at risk of placement into substitute care. It examined the relative costs and benefits of three types of brief, i...

J. R. Taplin C. Rowland

1983-01-01

26

MCH promotes family planning.  

PubMed

Family planning (FP) has been promoted in China through improvements in maternal and child health (MCH) which have affected people's attitude toward childbearing. A case study of FP in Taicang County of Jiangsu Province, China is given. Total population is 446,620; natural increase is 10/1000. 99% of births have been planned in recent years. Contraceptive prevalence has reached 92.71%. Contraceptive awareness has opened people up to health education in general. The community participates in management of human wastes, improvement of water supplies, and parasite control in rural areas. MCH was begun in the early 1980s with premarital examinations, prenatal examinations, postnatal visits, and physical checkups. A systematic program has established in 1983. A pilot program integrating FP, MCH, and parasite control operated between 1984 and 1986, in 7 townships was established and MCH was institutionalized. Increases occurred in comprehensive care for women from 49.1% in 1984 to 78.3% in 1986. Children's coverage rose from 78.2% to 85.9%. Perinatal mortality dropped from 30.2/1000 to 20.8/1000. Neonatal mortality declined from 21.3/1000 to 17.3/1000. Infant mortality also decreased from 31.6/1000 to 21.5/1000. Integration of programs throughout the county was achieved after 1987. 99% of women used the MCH handbook. Between 1987 and 1990, the perinatal, neonatal, and infant mortality rate dropped to 12.9/1000, 9.5/1000, and 14.7/1000, respectively. MCH achievements are attributed to a strengthening of the MCH network to improve access and improve MCH workers' level of professional skill, to the availability of premarriage and couples of reproductive age services and child care, and to the contribution of research. Careful monitoring during pregnancy helped reduce the incidence of difficult labors for high risk women from 17.55 in 1984 to 11-15% in recent years. 99.9% deliver in hospitals. There were no maternal deaths in 1989 or 1990. Neonatal tetanus has been eliminated. 94.2% of mothers receive postpartum visits. Special services at township hospitals are given to children deemed to be physically weak; 345 in 1990 were so treated. In villages, doctors monitor height and weight of children. 94.7% of children 0-1 year receive comprehensive care. Those 1-7 years also receive a high level of care. Security was enhanced by the MCH measures. Girls and boys are considered equal in good health. PMID:12317814

Duan, Y

1992-06-01

27

Market research and family planning.  

PubMed

Market research into contraceptive distribution (especially condoms) has been carried out in Britain by private manufacturers, but the results of this research are generally unavailable. Academics have not used the techniques of market research, preferring their own forms of sociological research and being hampered by limited resources. Attempts to design programs to introduce the provision of free family planning services proved unsuccessful, even though the programs offered supplies, sympathetic personnel, and publicity. Part of this failure is attributed to the lack of any baseline research on the demand for and acceptability of these services in the project areas. These failures are contrasted to a very successful commercial marketing campaign for a brand of condom, and with a commercially designed Dutch program aimed at teenagers. The author urges that those who have a message of social importance to deliver look into the techniques of market research used by industry to alter people's attitudes and buying habits. This will require the provision by local and central government of adequate funds for research into attitudes and needs, which ought to be essential before any family planning campaigns are launched. PMID:12336067

Smith, W

1979-04-01

28

Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan documents the quality assurance activities for the Wastewater/Stormwater/Groundwater and Environmental Surveillance Programs. This QAPP was prepared in accordance with DOE guidance on compliance with 10CFR830.120.

Holland, R. C.

1998-06-01

29

Family planning: the unfinished agenda.  

PubMed

Promotion of family planning in countries with high birth rates has the potential to reduce poverty and hunger and avert 32% of all maternal deaths and nearly 10% of childhood deaths. It would also contribute substantially to women's empowerment, achievement of universal primary schooling, and long-term environmental sustainability. In the past 40 years, family-planning programmes have played a major part in raising the prevalence of contraceptive practice from less than 10% to 60% and reducing fertility in developing countries from six to about three births per woman. However, in half the 75 larger low-income and lower-middle income countries (mainly in Africa), contraceptive practice remains low and fertility, population growth, and unmet need for family planning are high. The cross-cutting contribution to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals makes greater investment in family planning in these countries compelling. Despite the size of this unfinished agenda, international funding and promotion of family planning has waned in the past decade. A revitalisation of the agenda is urgently needed. Historically, the USA has taken the lead but other governments or agencies are now needed as champions. Based on the sizeable experience of past decades, the key features of effective programmes are clearly established. Most governments of poor countries already have appropriate population and family-planning policies but are receiving too little international encouragement and funding to implement them with vigour. What is currently missing is political willingness to incorporate family planning into the development arena. PMID:17113431

Cleland, John; Bernstein, Stan; Ezeh, Alex; Faundes, Anibal; Glasier, Anna; Innis, Jolene

2006-11-18

30

Project Planning and Reporting  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Project Planning Analysis and Reporting System (PPARS) is automated aid in monitoring and scheduling of activities within project. PPARS system consists of PPARS Batch Program, five preprocessor programs, and two post-processor programs. PPARS Batch program is full CPM (Critical Path Method) scheduling program with resource capabilities. Can process networks with up to 10,000 activities.

1982-01-01

31

The case for family planning.  

PubMed

This paper briefly examines the troubled history of the rise of family planning services to full incorporation in the National Health Service by 1974, and argues for continued and increased governmental support of service provision. Health promotion of family planning now extends to all men and women, and has become threatened by service cutbacks. Family planning is crucial in preventing unwanted pregnancies and reducing infant, child, and maternal mortality. Methods may help control the spread of AIDS, provide protection against cancer, and/or reduce the incidence of gynecological problems. Family planning programs also facilitate screening, and allow women the means to control their fertility in order to meet desired career goals. Population policy is not on the agenda, and remains a sensitive issue in Britain. The role of nurses in the expanded realm of family planning service provision is discussed, followed by consideration of financing for training and services. Transfer of family planning services from district health authority community clinics exclusively to general practitioners would be untenable for several reasons, in addition to its largely cost-ineffective nature. Coordinated planning and delivery of health care between health and community care are called for. Finally, the impact of service cutbacks and restrictive legislation upon the abortion rate, especially among younger women, is considered. PMID:2008246

Leathard, A

32

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section 59...AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2009-10-01

33

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section 59...AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2010-10-01

34

Spent Nuclear Fuel project, project management plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Spent Nuclear Fuel Project has been established to safely store spent nuclear fuel at the Hanford Site. This Project Management Plan sets forth the management basis for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project. The plan applies to all fabrication and construction projects, operation of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project facilities, and necessary engineering and management functions within the scope of the project

Fuquay, B.J.

1995-10-25

35

Private sector joins family planning effort.  

PubMed

Projects supported by the Directorate for Population (S&T/POP) of the U.S. Agency for International Development and aimed at increasing for-profit private sector involvement in providing family planning services and products are described. Making products commercially available through social-marketing partnerships with the commercial sector, USAID has saved $1.1 million in commodity costs from Brazil, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Indonesia, and Peru. Active private sector involvement benefits companies, consumers, and donors through increased corporate profits, healthier employees, improved consumer access at lower cost, and the possibility of sustained family planning programs. Moreover, private, for-profit companies will be able to meet service demands over the next 20 years where traditional government and donor agency sources would fail. Using employee surveys and cost-benefit analyses to demonstrate expected financial and health benefits for businesses and work forces, S&T/POP's Technical Information on Population for the Private Sector (TIPPS) project encourages private companies in developing countries to invest in family planning and maternal/child health care for their employees. 36 companies in 9 countries have responded thus far, which examples provided from Peru and Zimbabwe. The Enterprise program's objectives are also to increase the involvement of for-profit companies in delivering family planning services, and to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of private volunteer organizations in providing services. Projects have been started with mines, factories, banks, insurance companies, and parastatals in 27 countries, with examples cited from Ghana and Indonesia. Finally, the Social Marketing for Change project (SOMARC) builds demand and distributes low-cost contraceptives through commercial channels especially to low-income audiences. Partnerships have been initiated with the private sector in 17 developing countries, with examples provided from the Dominican Republic, Liberia and Ecuador. These projects have increased private sector involvement in family planning, thereby promoting service expansion at lower public sector cost. PMID:12343476

1989-12-01

36

Planning for Project Continuation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help colleges plan for the successful continuation of educational improvement projects beyond the end of their original funding period, this report presents a case study of Pennsylvania College of Technology's (PCT's) efforts to ensure the continuation of a Title III faculty development program. After describing the the Title III…

Berry, Grant, Jr.

37

Incentives to promote family planning  

PubMed Central

Objective Over the past 60 years, population control has become an increasingly urgent issue worldwide as a growing population strains already limited resources. The use of financial incentives to promote family planning is an innovative approach that has potential to make a contribution to efforts to better manage population growth. This report reviews eight studies that examined the effect of incentives on family planning. Method Published studies that tested the impact of incentives to promote some aspect of family planning and included an appropriate control or comparison condition were reviewed. Results Incentives have been used to promote attendance at contraceptive education sessions, adoption and continuation of contraceptive methods, sterilization, and to limit family size. All but one of the eight studies reviewed reported positive outcomes, but weaknesses in study design and execution limit the strength of the conclusions that can be drawn. Conclusion Review of this literature suggests that family planning behaviors, like other behaviors, are sensitive to incentives. Given the tremendous need for efficacious interventions in global efforts to manage population growth, further research on this topic using more rigorous experimental methods is warranted.

Heil, Sarah H.; Gaalema, Diann E.; Herrmann, Evan S.

2012-01-01

38

[Family planning among gipsy women].  

PubMed

Family is the major social unit of gipsy society. The basic value in ethno-culture of gypsies is children. As in almost all aspects of health, regarding the reproduction health and access to health care gipsy population do not have good enough indexes. The purpose of this research is to determine the information gipsy women have about family planning. The inquiry is conducted through 100 gipsy women in different ages in the village Bukovlak, Pleven municipality. PMID:20380105

Dilova, P; Popova, T; Atanassova, K; Samuilova, E

2009-01-01

39

Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is explicitly stated and directed in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978, Public Law 95-604, 42 USC 7901 (hereinafter referred to as the Act''). Title I of the Act authorizes the Department of Energy (DOE) to undertake remedial actions at 24 designated inactive uranium processing sites and associated vicinity properties containing uranium mill tailings and other residual radioactive materials derived from the processing sites. The Act, amended in January 1983, by Public Law 97-415, also authorizes DOE to perform remedial actions at vicinity properties in Edgemont, South Dakota. Cleanup of the Edgemont processing site is the responsibility of the Tennessee Valley Authority. This document describes the plan, organization, system, and methodologies used to manage the design, construction, and other activities required to clean up the designated sites and associated vicinity properties in accordance with the Act. The plan describes the objectives of the UMTRA Project, defines participants' roles and responsibilities, outlines the technical approach for accomplishing the objectives, and describes the planning and managerial controls to be used in integrating and performing the Project mission. 21 figs., 21 tabs.

Not Available

1988-01-01

40

Kanyakumari district accepts family planning.  

PubMed

The people of Kanyakumari District known for their die-hard conservatism, finally seem to have taken to family planning as a way of life. This is borne out by the overwhelming support extended by them to the tubectomy camp organized by the District Family Planning Bureau, Kanyakumari, from 22nd to 27th February 1972. The target of 300 operations set for the camp was exceeded by 99. This is a significant achievement considering the fact that the district consists of only 9 Panchayat Unions covering a vast coastal area with a population of over 1/2 lakhs which is mainly engaged in the fishing industry and is generally not in favor of family planning. The camp provided free food and transport facilities to the patient and the person attending her and a monetary incentive of Rs. 30 per case, besides post-operational care which included periodical home visits by the staff of the Public Health Center for over 3 months. Administration of Vitamin A solution and immunisation of the children of the acceptors and their neighbors constituted an additional feature of this campaign. The effort made by the staff of the Family Planning Department, the Maternity Assistants of the Headquarters Hospital, Nagercoil, where the camp was held, and the Field Publicity Department of the Government of India, were responsible for the success of this campaign. PMID:12332926

1972-04-01

41

Family Planning Programmes in Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The countries discussed in this paper are the francophone countries of West Africa and the Republic of Congo, with comparative references made to North Africa (mainly Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia). Obstacles to the adoption of family planning in the countries of tropical Africa are a very high mortality rate among children; a socioeconomic…

Pradervand, Pierre

42

Family allowance and family planning in Chile.  

PubMed Central

Family allowances designed to promote maternal and child health and welfare could be self-defeating if they stimulated otherwise unwanted births, as often assumed. That assumption, with its public health and demographic implications, needs testing. An attempt to test it was made in Chile in 1969--1970 through interviews with 945 wives receiving an allowance and 690 non-recipients. Recipients practiced contraception significantly more than did non-recipients. This was not explained by wives' educational attainment or employment, the couples' earnings, or number of living children, but was associated with a 50 per cent greater utilization of professional prenatal care by recipients during the most recent pregnancy; women with such care (regardless of allowance status) were 75 per cent more likely than others to control their fertility. Prenatal care was probably sought more by recipients in part because an additional stipend was provided as soon as pregnancy was confirmed, usually at clinics with integrated family planning. Greater family income, attributable to the allowance, probably also contributed to the recipients' better prenatal attention and to contraceptive practice. Noteworthy, too, was the finding that with the number of living children controlled, contraceptive practice was significantly greater amoung couples who had never lost a child.

Plank, S J

1978-01-01

43

Project Family. A Reference Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to provide information to those interested in developing family literacy projects. Part I contains information on the design and operations of Project Family, a program to empower parents to be better role models, foster supportive environments, and express positive attitudes about education. Other topics include…

Barker, Sue, Comp.; And Others

44

A Training Program for Statewide Family Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes training for a statewide family planning program involving a large number of agencies in North Carolina which are involved in delivery of family planning services. Focus is on the need for involvement, commitment, and skills within each agency so the family planning program could be optimally effective. (WL)

Smallegan, Marian; Gustaveson, Patricia

1976-01-01

45

Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) identifies the Westinghouse Hanford Co. (WHC) Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all contractors involved in the planning and execution of the design, construction, testing and inspection of the 200 ...

K. S. Pedersen

1995-01-01

46

[Family planning and majority acceptance].  

PubMed

76% of the population of The capital cities of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, favor abortion liberation in varying degrees, and 63% favored government action on family planning programs all over the country. 67% of the women, 82% of the university students, and more than 70% of the high social class interviewed were in favor of federal funded family planning. 70% of the Rio de Janeiro and 57% of the Sao Paulo interviewees were in favor of the development of facilities to access contraceptive methods. However, 6% of the interviewees in both cities did not use any contraceptive method. 76% were in favor of sex education in high school. 46% that were against this idea had only primary educations. 58% were in favor of abortion only in special cases; this group was not examined for differences between level of schooling, socioeconomic status, age, sex, and region. Only 15% were in favor of abortion for economic reasons; 18% were in favor of total liberation. However, abortion is still far from being considered an alternative to birth control. PMID:12281063

1987-01-01

47

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section 59.4 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for...

2012-10-01

48

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section 59.3 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for...

2012-10-01

49

42 CFR 441.20 - Family planning services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Family planning services. 441.20 Section...General Provisions § 441.20 Family planning services. For recipients eligible under the plan for family planning services, the plan must...

2010-10-01

50

42 CFR 441.20 - Family planning services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Family planning services. 441.20 Section...General Provisions § 441.20 Family planning services. For recipients eligible under the plan for family planning services, the plan must...

2009-10-01

51

The transition to sustainable family planning programs.  

PubMed

USAID, through the matching grant project, provided International Planned Parenthood Federation's Western Hemisphere Region (IPPF/WHR) funds to increase and strengthen family planning (FP) services in Latin America. Family planning associations (FPAs) were to match any USAID-awarded funds with other funds, supporting efforts to promote sustainability of service delivery. The matching grant was an extremely effective and efficient means to expand access to good quality, voluntary FP services to low income, underserved people. Local income funded about 33% of Matching Grant FPA budgets. USAID and IPPF or other donors shared the other 66%. The Matching Grant FPAs reached the original target of 2.8 million new acceptors. The project was so successful that USAID awarded IPPF/WHR a new 5-year (1992-97) Transition Project. In Latin America and the Caribbean, its goals are to increase people's freedom to choose the number and spacing of their children and to promote a population growth rate appropriate to each country's socioeconomic development goals by helping some FPAs to become sustainable without USAID funding. Strengthening the institutional capacity of FP programs and evaluation of their performance and impact are 2 ways to achieve these goals. BEMFAM/Brazil, PROFAMILIA/Colombia, MEXFAM/Mexico, INPPARES/Peru, APROFA/Chile, CEPEP/Paraguay, AUPFIRH/Uruguay, FPATT/Trinidad and Tobago, PLAFAM/Venezuela, and BFLA/Belize have received matching subcontracts for FP service delivery and sustainability. IPPF/WHR considers Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and Mexico to be high-priority countries, largely because they have more than 60% of the population of Latin America. About 81% of Transition Project funds will go to in-country sub-grants and on regional activities, matched on a 1-to-1 basis. 86% of subcontracts will go to Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. Technical assistance and funding are also targeted to HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted disease prevention. PMID:12179841

1993-05-01

52

Changes in American opinion about family planning.  

PubMed

A 1998 public opinion survey conducted in the United States indicated high levels of support for many family planning policies, including US health insurance coverage of family planning services and US sponsorship of family planning programs in developing countries. To gauge changes in opinion on these issues since then, some of the 1998 questions were asked in an omnibus 2003 survey. The results indicate continuing high support for requiring US health insurers to cover family planning services (87 percent in 1998 and 84 percent in 2003), but some loss of support (from 80 to 69 percent) for US sponsorship of family planning programs in developing countries. Opinion remains divided on the policy of prohibiting nongovernmental organizations from receiving federal funding for performing or actively promoting abortion services. The authors explore several possible explanations for these findings, including the role changing presidential policy may have had in shaping opinion regarding family planning aid for developing countries. PMID:15511063

Grammich, Clifford; DaVanzo, Julie; Stewart, Kate

2004-09-01

53

Drawing attention to family planning.  

PubMed

In February 1990, the Mexican award winning director and animator, Carlos Carrera, went to Tokyo to oversee the photographing of the color frames (brought from Mexico) of the sex education animated film "Music for Two". The film begins with a warning that it should be shown as part of a sex education program. Further, a trained advisor guides the audience during the recommended discussion following the film. "Music for Two" is set in a large city and features a young female teen who daydreams about imaginary lovers. She soon discovers that her young male next door neighbor is interested in her. The moral of the story is that, once a woman is an adolescent, she must consider her future and have lifelong goals. In order for her to do so, however, she must know her mind and body, appreciate them, and not renounce them. This animated short feature includes both English and Spanish versions targeted to adolescents in their mid to late teens, especially females, in Latin America and the Caribbean. Mr. Carrera predicted that conservative older individuals will most likely not approve of "Music for Two". The Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP) and the UNFPA sponsored this animated film and the Mexican Family Planning Foundation (MEXFAM) participated in its production. The Sakura Motion Picture Company in Japan and Kinam SCL International in Mexico coproduced it. The Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs underwrote the English version and the UNFPA and IPPF underwrote the Spanish version. Further, in 1989, Mr. Carrera played a major role in a successful sex education animated feature titled "Blue Pigeon". This film was geared to youth in their early to mid teens, however. PMID:12283080

1990-03-01

54

Material Stabilization Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan presents the overall objectives, description, justification and planning for the plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Materials Stabilization project. The intent of this plan is to describe how this project will be managed and integrated with other facility stabilization and deactivation activities. This plan supplements the overall integrated plan presented in the Plutonium Finishing Plant Integrated Project Management Plan (IPMP), HNF-3617, Rev. 0. This is the top-level definitive project management document that specifies the technical (work scope), schedule, and cost baselines to manager the execution of this project. It describes the organizational approach and roles/responsibilities to be implemented to execute the project. This plan is under configuration management and any deviations must be authorized by appropriate change control action. Materials stabilization is designated the responsibility to open and stabilize containers of plutonium metal, oxides, alloys, compounds, and sources. Each of these items is at least 30 weight percent plutonium/uranium. The output of this project will be containers of materials in a safe and stable form suitable for storage pending final packaging and/or transportation offsite. The corrosion products along with oxides and compounds will be stabilized via muffle furnaces to reduce the materials to high fired oxides.

SPEER, D.R.

1999-09-01

55

Natural family planning: a review.  

PubMed

This review of natural family planning (NFP) focuses on the following: components of the fertile phase; sympto-thermal methods; the history and methodology of NFP (calendar rhythm, basal body temperature, cervical mucus--the Billings Ovulation method); special circumstances--periods of erratic ovulation (puberty, lactation, premenopause, discontinuation of ovulation suppression, cervicitis and vaginitis, ovulation suppression by stress and pharmaceuticals); effectiveness of natural family planning; achieving pregnancy; achieving couple autonomy (confidence in the method, periodic abstinence, dynamics of the learning process, and support systems); problem areas; and delivery systems. The number of users of NFP methods increased from 2.8% of currently married couples in 1973 to 3.4% in 1976. In 1979, 75,000 new clients received training in contemporary NFP, while the number increased to over 100,000 in 1980. NFP is planning for achieving or preventing a pregnancy by the timing of intercourse. A couple can, by observing and recording certain natural symptoms and bodily changes that occur in a woman's menstrual cycle and using the information as a guide, learn to identify fertile and infertile phases in the menstrual cycle. Precise prediction of ovulation forms one of the components of delineation of the fertile phase. Billings pioneered the use of cervical mucus as a single parameter for the prediction of ovulation and its application to NFP. Women are instructed to observe their mucus patterns at the vulva, relying primarily on the sensation of wetness and lubrication, the use of the Kegel exercise, palpation with the finger, a "wipe-through" with toilet paper, or a combination of these observations. In the absence of ovulation, the usual changing mucus pattern is also absent. NFP can be used either to achieve or to avoid pregnancy. When NFP is used to avoid pregnancy, one will encounter method-related pregnancies, teaching-related pregnancies due either to poor teaching or poor learning or both. The major use effectiveness studies are listed in table form, and the results are shown under new headings. To achieve pregnancy, it is the general practice of NFP instructors to teach women to recognize and record their fertility signs and to suggest some months of merely concentrating coitus at the time of maximum fertility. Mastery of NFP calls for both identification of the fertile phase and integration of that knowledge into the couple's sexual decision making and behaviors. Studies are reviewed in terms of the spectre of genetically damaged offspring. NFP instruction is available in nearly every country outside the Soviet bloc. PMID:7033851

Klaus, H

1982-02-01

56

Can natural family planning really work?  

PubMed

The natural family planning project of the Family Life Apostolate (FLA) in the Philippines is aimed specifically at teaching couples about the value of marriage and responsible parenthood rather than at preventing conception. The project receives no outside funding. An evaluation study of the project conducted in 1986 by the Research Institute for Mindanao Culture of Xavier University in Cagayan de Oro City lends support to the claim of success in reaching the project objective. The study sampled 380 married couples of reproductive age (MCRAs) in various camps of Del Monte Philippines and Neighboring villages. All respondents, 95% of whom were Roman Catholics, reported to be using NFP since 1978. 91% of the wives and 93% of the husbands said that NFP had improved their relationship with their spouses. 88% claimed that NFP also had enhanced their appreciation of sex, implying that periodic abstinence did not pose a problem for the respondents. The project also appears to have been effective in reducing the number of accidental pregnancies among the respondents over the 1978-85 period. The study recorded 271 accidental pregnancies out of the total 476 pregnancies during the 8-year period, yet it noted a downward trend in cumulative failure rates over the years. Among the 215 women in the sample who did not get pregnant by accident, 81.8% admitted having practiced withdrawal as a backup measure; 16.5% of the couples had used the condom. The study concludes that NFP can work. The findings suggest that NFP can work only if: the couples, most especially the husbands, are well motivated to limit family size; and the couples are well-informed and knowledgeable about the processes involved in the NFP method. PMID:12342113

Nolasco, A D

1989-01-01

57

Project Surveillance and Maintenance Plan. [UMTRA Project  

SciTech Connect

The Project Surveillance and Maintenance Plan (PSMP) describes the procedures that will be used by the US Department of Energy (DOE), or other agency as designated by the President to verify that inactive uranium tailings disposal facilities remain in compliance with licensing requirements and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards for remedial actions. The PSMP will be used as a guide for the development of individual Site Surveillance and Maintenance Plans (part of a license application) for each of the UMTRA Project sites. The PSMP is not intended to provide minimum requirements but rather to provide guidance in the selection of surveillance measures. For example, the plan acknowledges that ground-water monitoring may or may not be required and provides the (guidance) to make this decision. The Site Surveillance and Maintenance Plans (SSMPs) will form the basis for the licensing of the long-term surveillance and maintenance of each UMTRA Project site by the NRC. Therefore, the PSMP is a key milestone in the licensing process of all UMTRA Project sites. The Project Licensing Plan (DOE, 1984a) describes the licensing process. 11 refs., 22 figs., 8 tabs.

Not Available

1985-09-01

58

Practical Suggestions for Family Planning Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Educational activities within a family planning program are discussed in a report prepared under contract to DHEW's Bureau of Community Health Services. It is assumed that in-clinic education is important in family planning programs, and, based on this as...

1975-01-01

59

Family Planning Regulations, 21 July 1989.  

PubMed

At the end of a meeting held on July 21, 1989 the municipal government of Beijing, China reiterated and defined the following regulations: The policy of 1 child/couple should be implemented continuously in Beijing's urban and rural areas. Those regulations formulated in the past allowing a small number of couples with special conditions to have a 2nd child should be implemented with strict control. The family planning policies for remarried couples will not change, and must be implemented strictly. The basic guidelines of the family planning policies for foreign couples are: Foreign couples residing in Beijing will not be subject to the control of the municipal family planning policies, if neither member of the couple has acquired Chinese nationality and if their children have also not acquired Chinese nationality. However, those foreigners residing in Beijing who have already acquired Chinese nationality should strictly subject themselves to the control of the municipal family planning policies. The basic guideline of the family planning policies for Chinese students studying abroad is: Chinese students studying abroad should not enjoy special treatment, because practicing family planning is the obligation of all Chinese citizens. The basic guideline of the family planning policies for minority nationalities is: Because most of the people of minority nationality in Beijing live in the areas populated for the most part with people of Han nationality, they should not enjoy a family planning policy more relaxed than that for the Han nationality people. PMID:12344513

1989-01-01

60

A Guidebook for Family Planning Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this manual is to provide practical help in designing and improving educational components of family planning programs. It discusses methods and techniques which may be used to assist couples in developing positive attitudes and behavior with regard to family planning--activities which influence how they act, how they feel, and what…

Westinghouse Population Center, Columbia, MD. Health Systems Div.

61

Biomedical Research in Family Welfare Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a comprehensive review of the biomedical research work pertinent to family planning being done in the National Institute of Family Planning in India in the past years. Significant progress made in the following areas are described in detail:...

S. Roy R. P. Das S. K. Basu

1976-01-01

62

Field Experiments of Family Planning Incentives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of four quasi-experiments on family planning incentives in three Asian nations is presented, and a multi-national comparative field experiment on family planning incentives is proposed. Experiments include: (1) The Ernakulam vasectomy campaigns, (2) Indian Tea Estates retirement bond incentive program, (3) Taiwan educational bond…

Rogers, Everett M.

63

Family planning at the grass roots.  

PubMed

Despite help from national and international organizations, progress in implementing policy directives from Health Ministry offices in Cairo is slow at the receiving end. El Minya, 1 of 7 governorates to benefit from World Bank-financed population projects, still has a population growth rate of 2.5%-3% annually. An expanding network of family planning outlets in Minya, training programs for health professionals, and provision of equipment and supplies by the British government's O.D.A. fund are intended to improve maternal and child health services to the extent that perceptions of the need for large families to guard against loss of some in infancy will be obviated. The staffing and layout of the rural and urban health facilities reflect the integration of family planning into the health care system as a whole. The pill is still the most widely used method in most parts of the governorate. Home visits by nurses in rural areas are more important than the advice and supplies available at government clinics, which are visited only by those unable to afford private care, but it is doubtful that the low salaries of nurses provide sufficient incentive to encourage them to make their 150 call monthly quotas. Nursing is such an underpaid and unattractive career choice that in areas with severe shortages, the authorities have resorted to engaging the local "dayas", traditional mainstays of village health services. This represents an important shift in policy from the days when attempts were made to limit their activities. The propaganda campaign to promote small families of the State Information Service has been another important aspect of government concern. Bureaucratic delays have hampered progress of the family planning program, and less than half of the O.D.A. funds available have actually been claimed. The seriousness of the government's interest in curbing population growth has been questioned, and the prevailing view among the urban and rural population is that family size is not an issue of serious national concern. Children are viewed as a gift from God and a demonstration of virility, and it has been suggested that contraception will not be taken seriously until imposed by economic necessity. PMID:12339618

Ingram, S

1983-01-01

64

Approaches to family planning in Muslim communities.  

PubMed

Addressing the cultural and religious beliefs around the issue of family planning has been a big challenge for the international development community. The concept of family planning has raised some concerns regarding its acceptability within Muslim populations. While some Muslim states and organisations have adopted a rather cautious approach to the issue, others have gone to the extent of inviting religious leaders to present religiously sound interpretations (fatwa) on the subject. Alongside these deliberations are some alarming statistics on maternal health. The World Health Organization estimates that worldwide 211 million women become pregnant each year and that about two-thirds of them deliver live infants. The remaining one-third of pregnancies end in miscarriage, stillbirth or induced abortion. Some 200 million women in developing countries have an unmet need for effective contraception. These statistics and the ongoing discussion surrounding family planning in the Muslim communities raise legitimate questions. How is family planning perceived within the Muslim community? Does Islam address the issue of family planning? Is it permissible? How should appropriate family planning programmes within Muslim settings be developed and applied? This article seeks to present the ongoing debate on family planning within the Muslim community and offer recommendations to organisations for effective strategy implementation of family planning programmes within Muslim settings. The article provides a brief background on the historical development of family planning in the Muslim community, and outlines Muslim perceptions on this issue. It concludes with recommendations for non-governmental organisations on how to effectively implement acceptable family planning programmes within Muslim settings. PMID:20067669

El Hamri, Najat

2010-01-01

65

Flexible family planning. Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region.  

PubMed

China has an inconsistent family planning policy. It encourages the Han majority in urban areas to have only 1 child and those in rural areas 2 children. It allows minority nationalities in urban areas to have 2 children and those in rural areas to have 4 children. The government did not promote family planning earlier in the Muslim-dominated Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the northwesternmost part of China because the 13 minority groups did not understand the concept of family planning. Yet, it did not try to promote family planning in the languages of the minorities. The government finally began to promote family planning here in 1989, 18 years after it had introduced the concept to the Han nationality. A noted Islamic leader in the region's capital, Urumqi, supports family planning and his words carry more influence than those of family planning workers. Most of the region's nationalities are Muslims. Just 4% of the huge region is inhabited. Growth of the minority populations has reduced the amount of arable land from 4.2 mu in 1949 to 3.3 mu in 1987. Between 1988 and 2000, the minority population is expected to increase 36% compared to 18% for the Han majority. Presently, 14% of married women are sterilized, 27% use the IUD, and 31% do not use contraception. Obstacles to improving contraceptive use among minorities are failure to provide a consistent supply of long-term contraceptives (e.g., IUD) and a great influx of migrant workers. China needs a common family planning policy. A family planning survey in Xinhe County of Aksu Prefecture shows that urban residents are more likely to know about family planning than rural residents (92% vs. 82%). Most rural residents (79%) want at least 3 children. Rural residents prefer sons due to feudal patriarchal traditions and as a source of field labor and support in old age. PMID:12287769

Cai, H

1994-03-01

66

Critical planning processes in construction projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to improve construction project planning capabilities. As project management is a core capability in the construction industry, high-quality project planning processes are necessary for project success. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper involves data collected from 555 project managers across four industries spanning three different countries. The project planning capabilities of construction project managers

Ofer Zwikael

2009-01-01

67

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section 59...AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does one...

2010-10-01

68

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section 59...AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does one...

2009-10-01

69

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2013-10-01

70

The Parent Services Project. Families Matter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Families Matter series of papers from the Harvard Family Research Project advances the concept of family-centered child care, advocating an approach to early childhood education that addresses the development of the child and family together. Grounded in family support principles, which build on family strengths and work from a community's…

Lee, Lisa; Seiderman, Ethel

71

Evaluating family planning costs. Introduction.  

PubMed

This article discusses the goal of providing universal access to family planning (FP) and the prospects for achieving this goal in developing countries. The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo received the endorsement of 180 nations for universal FP access by 2015. The UN Population Fund estimated that at current rates of spending, it would require about $14 billion annually to reach this goal by 2015. Funds would need to triple. An additional $80 billion annually would be needed to pay for related reproductive health services. Donors and developing country governments cannot absorb these additional costs. It is suggested that the cost increases could be absorbed through client fees, private sector services, cost reductions, and integration of services. Experts caution that increasing FP service fees may discourage FP service use. Some FP organizations are subsidizing FP services by generating greater income from other health-related services. Strategies are needed to encourage private-sector FP service provision through social marketing, loans to the commercial sector, and better training of private doctors and nurses. Cost reduction may include reducing excess capacity in delivery systems and unnecessary procedures. Low-cost contraceptives could be promoted. There is insufficient information on the costs of integrating services, such as sexually transmitted disease clinic services with FP services. FP managers must face difficult choices about competing priorities. Costs for each service must be compared. Costs may be influenced by a variety of factors, including the choice of contraceptive methods, the channels of service delivery, and funding. Decisions about allocation of resources must emphasize the best interests of the client for a range of choices and safe, effective, and affordable services. PMID:12293238

1998-01-01

72

Male Hispanic immigrants talk about family planning.  

PubMed

In order to improve delivery of family planning services by better understanding the views of people affected, researchers conducted four focus groups among Hispanic men who recently migrated to a Midwestern community. Participants expressed opinions about, attitudes towards, and knowledge of such matters as family planning, birth control information and access, the influence of religion on family planning and birth control decisions, general familial relations, the prevalence of infidelity, use of and access to the health care system, and cultural differences between the U.S. and their countries of origin. The men voiced opinions and attitudes supportive of family planning and appeared knowledgeable about various methods of birth control. Understanding the attitudes held by immigrant men is important for health care providers in designing successful service interventions for this rapidly growing segment of the population. PMID:16702722

Sable, Marjorie R; Campbell, James D; Schwarz, Lisa R; Brandt, Julie; Dannerbeck, Anne

2006-05-01

73

Military Family Coping Project - Phase 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Military Family Coping Project has been designed to examine the stress and adjustment issues surrounding deployments for Soldiers, Spouses and Parents of Soldiers. This project has the luxury of seeing soldiers in the context of their nuclear families...

J. W. Ellor

2012-01-01

74

World Family Map Project. Prototype Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2010, the "World Family Map Project" seeks to launch a research initiative that will track central indicators of family strength around the globe. The "World Family Map Project" (WFMP) would partner with Child Trends, a nonpartisan research organization in Washington, D.C., the Institute of Marriage and Family Canada, and research organizations…

Wilcox, W. Bradford; Lippman, Laura; Whitney, Camille

2009-01-01

75

Benefits and Costs of the Family Planning Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The benefits and costs of family planning services are examined in terms of one dimension--money. The Family Planning program provides contraceptive services to eligible persons. The Office of Family Planning contracts with provider agencies throughout th...

G. Roth H. Fowler J. A. Wray V. Harp

1981-01-01

76

Origins and Evolution of Family Planning Programs in Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Family planning programs exist in virtually every nation. As of 1998, 179 countries with 99 percent of the world's population had some form of family planning program. Despite their pervasiveness, family planning programs have caused controversy and drawn...

J. R. Seltzer

2002-01-01

77

Cambodian refugees' family planning knowledge and use.  

PubMed

An ethnographic study was conducted within a Cambodian refugee community to discover information about Cambodian women's and men's knowledge and use of family planning methods. This 18-month study included participant observation at community and calendrical events, and within families' homes. Open-ended interviews were conducted with 53 informants from a variety of educational and socio-economic backgrounds. Both women and men were interviewed through a female bilingual interpreter when the informant lacked proficiency in speaking English. Major findings include a lack of knowledge among the sample about how the family planning methods work in the woman's body, and concerns about side-effects. Implications include the need to include Cambodian women and men in the planning and implementation of family planning programmes. PMID:7560523

Kulig, J C

1995-07-01

78

[Grasping economic reform and family planning simultaneously].  

PubMed

This report aims at proposing ways the Chinese government can raise productivity levels and living standards while promoting the objectives of family planning. During the 1970's, family planning was heavily emphasized. Every factory, commune, and government agency had a specialized group of personnel responsible for family planning. Since the time of economic reform, this group has been vastly minimized because of the central government's demands for reduction of "unproductive" personnel. Thus, with economic reform came a sizeable obstacle to the family planning campaign. The report takes Hong Lai County as an example of recent undertakings to balance the new reforms and the family planning objectives. Hong Lai County, one of the poorest counties in the Sichuan Province, located in western central Chna, has seen a growth in GNP of 100% since the economic reform of 1979. At the same time, the government of the county has had to work extremely hard to promote family planning, especially in rural areas where these objectives are more difficult to reinforce. The county government, in an effort to encourage these objectives, has set up programs of compensation in the form of special allowances and bonuses. Moreover, eucational programs have proven effective in this area. The report indicates that much success has been achieved in the areas of education through promotional campaigns and vocational training which have, in turn, increased productivity levels and living standards. PMID:12159346

Hou, W

1985-07-29

79

Family planning as preventive health measure.  

PubMed

The link between health and family planning efforts in the Philippines goes back to the beginnings of the National Population Program. In this interview, Dr. Dumindin of the Ministry of Health (MOh) discusses the impact of family planning on health. The family planning program of the MOH, since its inception in 1970, has undergone expansion and taken new initiatives and directions to meet the changing needs of the target clientele. Family planning information, education, and motivation is provided and maintained during routine prenatal, natal, and postnatal clinic and field activities. As of January 1986, the MOH had a total of 2100 clinics--rural health units, medical centers, hospitals, mobile clinics, and special clinics--all over the country. It is estimated that the Ministry's family planning activities have averted around a million births. It is hoped to extend the coverage of the programs to areas that have not been reached before, through further community involvement, by enlisting the participation of more workers in the community, training them on integrated health and family planning services, setting up more service facilities and clinic extensions, and by improving contraceptive use-effectiveness. Hopefully, the Philippine people will become less program-dependent and more self-motivated, and they will recognize the need for birth spacing, birth limiting, and total health care--not as suggested from the outside, but coming from within themselves. PMID:12314762

Dumindin, J B

1986-01-01

80

A Small Library in Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated listing of books is intended as a reference for anyone seeking an authoritative introduction to population and family planning information, as a world, family, or individual concern. For each entry, the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is provided if available. The number preceding each reference represents the…

Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc., New York, NY.

81

Birth control and family planning  

MedlinePLUS

... devastating to the individual or couple, a highly effective method should be chosen. In contrast, if a couple ... if it occurred earlier than planned, a less effective method may be a reasonable choice. Cost -- is the ...

82

The Impact of an Integrated Family Planning Program in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1995, the U.S. Agency for International Development implemented an integrated program of family planning education and services in six Russian cities to increase physicians’and women’s contraceptive knowledge and change current contraceptive use. Large population-based surveys of women ages 15-44 were carried out at the beginning of project implementation (in 1996) and 3 years later in two project sites and

Liese Sherwood-Fabre; Howard Goldberg; Valentina Bodrova

2002-01-01

83

Virginians tune-in to family planning.  

PubMed

Virginia Bureau of Family Planning initiated an information program aimed at the state's diverse geography which reflects its many cultures using television public service announcements (PSAs). 4 PSAs were produced: economic consideration of family planning, eligibility requirements for services, and 2 general presentations. Following success of these spots, radio spots were developed geared to specific target audiences. These spots built a framework for outreach workers who independently operate clinics in the 39 Virginia health districts. Even though highly regionalized, the Bureau maintains close contact with each district and directs feedback sessions where common problems and experiences are discussed. The Bureau also began a bimonthly newsletter in 1975 which keeps 3000 subscribers abreast of family planning activities. These information dissemination efforts have paid off: Virginia hospitals are required to provide family planning literature to all maternity patients. And Virginia has the nation's 1st ongoing statewide, publicly run voluntary sterilization program, servicing 1000 patients free of charge during the 1st year of operation. The Bureau operates on an annual budget of $5.3 million in state funds as well as HEW Title 5, 10, and 20 family planning funding. PMID:12277857

1977-01-01

84

Integrated family planning: the Chilean experience.  

PubMed

To determine the most effective method for incorporating contraceptive services into a general health program, researchers analyzed the results of an IUD-based family planning program in three separate areas of Chile: two similar towns representing all social strata, and one working-class district in Santiago. From 1964 to mid-1970, IUD contraceptive services were provided in special family planning departments within hospital and outpatient clinics operated by Chile's National Health Service (SNS); information and education were offered in pediatric and obstetrical waiting rooms and postpartum wards. In 1968, SNS restricted the number of acceptors, and in mid-1970, individual family planning units were closed and contraceptive services became the responsibility of maternal-child health units. Prior to 1970, all three sample areas recorded a steady increase in the number of accumulated acceptors and a steadily decreasing birthrate; after 1971, birthrates increased and the number of acceptors declined. A 1964-1969 decrease in the number of hospitalizations for incomplete abortion, particularly in the working-class district of Santiago where a bortion has been the only known method of contraception, was reversed with program termination. Data suggests that family planning is most effectively integrated into existent health services when offered in separate facilities. Direct integration into maternal-child health units may result in the neglect of the family planning aspect of preventive health, and will deny services to two important contraceptive groups: childless women, and men. PMID:12307204

1974-04-01

85

Natural family planning: very risky business.  

PubMed

Methods of family planning involving periodic abstinence are being promoted aggressively by Catholic and other church groups in the U.S. and worldwide, under the name "natural family planning." The major methods are the calendar rhythm, basal body temperature, cervical mucus, and a combination known as the sympto-thermal methods. These methods require avoiding coitus from 7-17 days of the cycle, not including menses. Effectiveness figures quoted range from 93-99% by church sources, to 80.4% by WHO studies of selected women, to 65-89% by family planning experts. Reasons for high failure rates are irregular ovulation, human error, poor instruction, and insufficient cooperation by spouse. Although proponents claim that periodic abstinence is risk-free, they usually fail to consider the alternative risks of pregnancy and childbirth in case of method failure. Furthermore, the major complication rate of pills, IUDs, legal abortions and sterilization amount to only 0.3% of users, and artificial methods protect variously against sexually transmitted diseases, AIDS, cervical, ovarian and endometrial cancer. Other drawbacks of natural family planning are reluctance with handling one's body, cultural attitudes toward open discussion about sexuality and women's autonomy, need for mature communication between spouses, insufficient literacy to use charts, and the cost of extensive training. In the U.S., training is estimated to cost from 2.5 to 3.2 times the costs of barrier methods or pills, not including the time the woman must devote to daily measurements. The article concludes with a review of the recent history of the Roman Catholic doctrine on family planning, of attitudes and practice of U.S. catholics, and of the U.S. government's role in spreading natural family planning and hindering the implementation of other contraceptive methods within and outside of the country. PMID:12178833

Hughes, J

1988-01-01

86

SNF Project Engineering Process Improvement Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan documents the SNF Project activities and plans to support its engineering process. It describes five SNF Project Engineering initiatives: new engineering procedures, qualification cards process; configuration management, engineering self assessments, and integrated schedule for engineering activities.

DESAI, S.P.

2000-02-09

87

National Security Technology Incubation Project Continuation Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains a project continuation plan for the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI). The plan was developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP) funded by a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security ...

2008-01-01

88

Project Management Plan for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PMP) describes the approach that will be used to manage the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The plan describes the management structure and the technical and administrative control systems that will be used to plan and control the HEDR Project performance. The plan also describes the relationship among key project participants: Battelle, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and the Technical Steering Panel (TSP).

Shipler, D.B.

1992-03-01

89

Advanced Life Support Project Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Life support systems are an enabling technology and have become integral to the success of living and working in space. As NASA embarks on human exploration and development of space to open the space frontier by exploring, using and enabling the development of space and to expand the human experience into the far reaches of space, it becomes imperative, for considerations of safety, cost, and crew health, to minimize consumables and increase the autonomy of the life support system. Utilizing advanced life support technologies increases this autonomy by reducing mass, power, and volume necessary for human support, thus permitting larger payload allocations for science and exploration. Two basic classes of life support systems must be developed, those directed toward applications on transportation/habitation vehicles (e.g., Space Shuttle, International Space Station (ISS), next generation launch vehicles, crew-tended stations/observatories, planetary transit spacecraft, etc.) and those directed toward applications on the planetary surfaces (e.g., lunar or Martian landing spacecraft, planetary habitats and facilities, etc.). In general, it can be viewed as those systems compatible with microgravity and those compatible with hypogravity environments. Part B of the Appendix defines the technology development 'Roadmap' to be followed in providing the necessary systems for these missions. The purpose of this Project Plan is to define the Project objectives, Project-level requirements, the management organizations responsible for the Project throughout its life cycle, and Project-level resources, schedules and controls.

2002-01-01

90

A call for a family planning surge  

PubMed Central

In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo, Egypt, laid out in its Programme of Action an impressive and ambitious set of goals for improving sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) all over the world, by the target date of 2015 (International Conference on Population and Development 1994). One of these goals was the provision of universal access to a full range of safe and reliable family-planning methods. However, notwithstanding increases in budgets for family planning during the years following the ICPD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), there has been an alarming neglect from the international community for the topic since the year 2000. As a result, the progress made during the second half of the nineties slowed down considerably between 2000 and 2010; in a sense, one could say that ten years were almost wasted! This is astonishing, the more since meeting the need for family planning would have beneficial impacts on public health, environmental sustainability and social and economic development. In this paper, we explore these impacts and urge for a strong renewed commitment of the global community in the form of a global family planning decade.

Temmerman, M.; Van Braeckel, D.; Degomme, O.

2012-01-01

91

New Directions in Family Planning Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from two research studies in Newfoundland, Canada are summarized. The first study examined divorced persons and their family patterns. It was found that numbers and timing of children did not affect marital stability, and neither did whether children were born before or during the current marriage. But whether the children were planned had a…

Johnson, Frank C.; Johnson, May R.

92

Men and Family Planning in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Having followed a pronatalist policy during the first decade of its life, the Islamic Republic of Iran adopted a frankly antinatalist policy with specific demographic and health objectives in 1989. The official Family Planning Programme reintroduced since then has proven exceptionally effective by international standards. By 1997, when the last nation-wide KAP survey was conducted, contraceptive prevalence rate had risen

Amir H. Mehryar; F. Mostafavi; Homa Agha

93

A call for a family planning surge.  

PubMed

In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo, Egypt, laid out in its Programme of Action an impressive and ambitious set of goals for improving sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) all over the world, by the target date of 2015 (International Conference on Population and Development 1994). One of these goals was the provision of universal access to a full range of safe and reliable family-planning methods. However, notwithstanding increases in budgets for family planning during the years following the ICPD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), there has been an alarming neglect from the international community for the topic since the year 2000. As a result, the progress made during the second half of the nineties slowed down considerably between 2000 and 2010; in a sense, one could say that ten years were almost wasted! This is astonishing, the more since meeting the need for family planning would have beneficial impacts on public health, environmental sustainability and social and economic development. In this paper, we explore these impacts and urge for a strong renewed commitment of the global community in the form of a global family planning decade. PMID:24753885

Temmerman, M; Van Braeckel, D; Degomme, O

2012-01-01

94

Current Publications in Population/Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This abstract/bibliography is part of an information service provided by the Council, and offers a classified selection of recent U.S. and foreign articles and books in the area of population. Categories in this issue are: 1) demography and social science; 2) human reproduction and fertility control; 3) family planning programs; 4) population…

Population Council, New York, NY.

95

Current Literature in Family Planning, Number 54.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a monthly classified review of literature, this annotated bibliography offers a selection of books and articles recently received by the Katharine Dexter McCormick Library relative to family planning in the United States. Divided into two parts, the first contains book reviews from a variety of sources. They cover the subjects fund raising,…

Planned Parenthood--World Population, New York, NY. Katherine Dexter McCormick Library.

96

Tradition not against family planning -- Ooni.  

PubMed

The Ooni of Ife, Oba Okunade Sijuwade Olubose II, at the Population and Family Planning conference held in November, 1992, voiced strong support for family planning. He began by quoting the old Yoruba adage that "a proliferation of children is multiplication of adversities." He supported the National Population Programme because, he said, there were no longer valid reasons to have large families, traditionally encouraged when there was a need for farm labor. More current concerns were the impact of structural adjustment programs and the consequence of higher costs of education, health care, and other necessities of modern life. The nation must be concerned with the cost of uncontrolled numbers of children. He called on Nigerians to accept the Programme's goal of improving the quality of life by preventing needless deaths and illnesses, and lowering of population growth by reducing fertility. He urged government to inform the population of the impediment to national development by uncontrolled population growth. One sociocultural obstacle to the Population and Family Planning Programme, the notion of children as God's gifts, not to be courted or regulated, he countered with the argument that traditional polygamous family life did ensure appropriate birth spacing and protection of the health of mother. He noted that the Programme did not violate religious beliefs against abortion. He called on other traditional rulers to support grassroots mobilization and to practice child spacing actively for the development of communities and the progress of the nation. PMID:12318633

Okwudili, O

1993-01-01

97

Behavior of Young People Regarding Family Planning  

PubMed Central

Conflict of interest: none declared. Family planning is a conscious activity of reproductive age that inclines, not only to regulate the number and timing of birth, but also to have a healthy child and to fulfill all of its role throughout the life cycle. The survey included 1804 students of various generations, which is approximately 9.3% of all students of the University of Montenegro. Instrument of survey was questionnaire with 25 closed type questions. Methods used for statistical data analyses were methods of descriptive statistics and nonparametric methods to analyze significance of differences at the significance p>0.05. The study comprised 53.9% of students aged up to 20 years and 46.1% of students aged from 21 to 26 years. There is statistically significant difference among students regarding sources of knowledge on family planning by age (Chi 2 = 14.54, p<0.05). The students have got information on family planning mostly from parents (46.7%). Out of total number of interviewed students, who stated that abortion is good method of contraception, 12.8% claimed doctors as the source of information, then books, mass media and parents. The most of interviewed students find condom as the best contraceptive method. Students used to get information on family planning mostly often from their parents, and most of them consider that they are well informed. One third of students do not protect themselves from undesired pregnancy, but most of them consider abortion as non adequate method of family planning.

Ljaljevic, Agima; Terzic, Natasa; Palibrk, Marija; Mugosa, Boban

2013-01-01

98

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site Environmental Protection Plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of the individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans.

Frazier, T.P.

1994-10-20

99

The Great Family Cookbook Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some families pass down cookbooks across generations, often giving them the same importance as a piece of heirloom jewelry or a well-worn piece of furniture. As with many things, the family cookbook can now be passed down electronically, and websites like this one can be of great help in this type of endeavor. When creating a family cookbook using this site, it requires a modest fee, but visitors are most welcome to search through recipes submitted by hundreds of families for their own use. Here you will find such gems as peanut butter cookies from the Wilhalm family, walnut-crusted stuffed chicken breasts from the Sheerin family, and spicy hush puppies from the Marley clan. Of course, epicureans should also feel free to use the helpful search engine here to look for recipes for everything from appetizers to tasty desserts.

100

China's first family planning publicity month.  

PubMed

China conducted its 1st nationwide Family Planning Publicity Month in 1983, from New Year's Day to Spring Festival (February 13). The campaign emphasized the rural areas and focused on explaining why family planning is a state policy. The most noticeable achievements of this campaign were that every household became familiar with the fact that family planning is a basic state policy. The majority of the population take this policy seriously, realizing that strict control of population growth is both a good and imperative policy. More than 1,830,000 propaganda columns and photo exhibitions were displayed, 5,900,000 radio and television programs broadcast, 2,010,000 theatrical performances, movie and slide showings presented, and 97,000,000 copies of materials published for public dissemination. The activities were varied and interesting, vivid and lively, and purposeful and persuasive. 1 of the most effective methods of publicizing population control has been the presentation of comparative statistics. This aspect of the campaign was a specific and lively form of education in population theory and practice. The presentation of statistics that show the relationship among population, land use, grain produce, and income enabled the population to reason out why population growth needs to match economic and social development. Another important accomplishment of the publicity month was that a large number of couples of reproductive age became convinced of the need to use contraception. According to the incomplete statistics, 8,860,000 people had surgical operations for birth control. The universal promotion of ligations by either partner of a reproductive couple who already had given birth to a 2nd child was an important development of family planning technique promoted simultaneously with the promotion of IUDs. The increase in the number of people doing family planning work was another achievement of the publicity month. More than 15,240,000 publicity personnel and 760,000 medical personnel were trained. The enthusiasm of the Party and the people contributed to the success of the publicity month. The success of the publicity month is inseparable from the achievements and experience gained through China's longterm pursuit of family planning. PMID:12312452

Shen, G

1983-05-01

101

Family planning / sex education / teenage pregnancy.  

PubMed

The Alan Guttmacher Institute's State Reproductive Health Monitor provides legislative information on family planning, sex education, and teenage pregnancy. The listing contains information on pending bills; the state, the identifying legislation number, the sponsor, the committee, the date the bill was introduced, a description of the bill, and when available, the bill's status. From January through February, 1993, the bills cover a wide range of regulation and social policy including: appropriations for family planning services; Norplant implants for women receiving AFDC benefits; the requirement that health insurance policies provide coverage for contraception services; the repeal of the sterilization procedure review committee; since a need for such a committee has vanished; requiring hotels, motels, and innkeepers to offer condoms for sale to registered guests; allowing male and female public assistance recipients between ages 18-35 who submit to sterilization operations to be eligible to receive a $2,000 grant; a provision that no more children may be included in the size of the family, for the purpose of determining the amount of AFDC benefits that a family may receive, than at the time that eligibility was determined, and that before a family with 2 or more children can receive AFDC benefits, the woman must consent to and have surgically implanted Norplant or a similar reversible birth control device with a 5-year or longer effectiveness. PMID:12344860

1993-02-01

102

Family Reading Project, First Year Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first program year evaluation of the Family Reading project addresses implementation issues at the national and local levels relating to the literacy intervention model designed for the project. The project is a collaborative effort between the National Council of La Raza and the Educational Testing Service to improve literacy levels of Latino…

Solorzano, Ronald W.

103

Worker-Client Relations and Related Policy Issues in the Bangladesh Family Planning Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the request of the government of Bangladesh the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh established the Maternal and Child Health-Family Planning (MCH-FP) Extension Project in 1982. This paper discusses: (1) the design of the MCH-FP; (2) the major characteristics of the national health and family planning program under…

Hossain, Mian Bazle

104

Project Management Plan for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PMP) describes the approach being used to manage the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The plan describes the management structure and the technical and administrative control systems used to plan and control HEDR Project performance. The plan also describes the relationship among key project participants: Battelle, the Centers for Disease control (CDC), and the Technical Steering Panel (TSP). Battelle's contract with CDC only extends through May 1994 when the key technical work will be completed. There-fore, this plan is focused only on the period during which Battelle is a participant.

Shipler, D.B.; McMakin, A.H.; Finch, S.M.

1992-09-01

105

Project Management Plan for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PMP) describes the approach being used to manage the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The plan describes the management structure and the technical and administrative control systems used to plan and control HEDR Project performance. The plan also describes the relationship among key project participants: Battelle, the Centers for Disease control (CDC), and the Technical Steering Panel (TSP). Battelle`s contract with CDC only extends through May 1994 when the key technical work will be completed. There-fore, this plan is focused only on the period during which Battelle is a participant.

Shipler, D.B.; McMakin, A.H.; Finch, S.M.

1992-09-01

106

Effective ways to communicate family planning: cases and strategies.  

PubMed

Results of 2 workshops on the improvement of communication and motivational skills of outreach workers using research results and field experiences are presented. General strategies, illustrative cases, and specific IEC strategies geared to the solution of common problems are suggested. General strategies for identifying opportunities for introduction of population and family planning in the community include use of felt needs and problems of the community as vehicles for introduction, coordination with other agencies operating in the community, winning the support of influential and accepted leaders in the community, and establishing credibility with the people before launching population projects. Strategies for breaking through traditional values and beliefs include emphasizing aspects of the population program that do not run counter to religious beliefs, using messages which emphasize qualities highly valued by the people, being careful to respect persons the community looks up to regardless of their opposition, considering the cultural background and preparation of the audience before introducing sensitive subjects, and appealing to people's needs and interests to elicit participation. Rumors and misconceptions on family planning may be counteracted by directing motivational and informational efforts at persons likely to influence potential acceptors as well as the potential acceptors themselves, avoiding antagonizing religious leaders who preach against family planning, presenting only accurate family planning information, and establishing the source of rumors about side effects. Complaints about side effects should be attended promptly, clear and specific instructions on method use should be given, and the worker should present herself as a satisfied user. PMID:12233386

Alberto, C S; Villanueva, C L

1979-01-01

107

Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Congressional Research Service (CRS) report analyzes population assistance and family planning programs. For FY2004 the Administration seeks $425 million in bilateral family planning funds and sets asides $25 million in a reserve account for the Unit...

L. Nowels

2003-01-01

108

Foreign Assistance: USAID Compliance with Family Planning Restrictions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States has provided international family planning assistance through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) since the mid-1960s. The United States remains the world's single largest contributor to family planning programs in deve...

2000-01-01

109

Social Science Research on Family Planning in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After looking at the results of some family planning programs, the contributions and shortcomings of social science research relevant to family planning is discussed, plus its future role and its acceptance in developing countries. (Author/ND)

Allman, James; Mathsson, Bertil

1975-01-01

110

Family Planning Services: Focus for State Initiative. Delaware.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Guidelines are presented for use by State officials, local providers, and interested organizations and individuals in the development of expanded family planning services. The guidelines are based on data relating to family planning service availability a...

1975-01-01

111

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the Facility Monitoring Plans of the overall site-wide environmental monitoring plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans. This document is intended to be a basic road map to the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan documents (i.e., the guidance document for preparing Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan determinations, management plan, and Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans). The implementing procedures, plans, and instructions are appropriate for the control of effluent monitoring plans requiring compliance with US Department of Energy, US Environmental Protection Agency, state, and local requirements. This Quality Assurance Project Plan contains a matrix of organizational responsibilities, procedural resources from facility or site manuals used in the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, and a list of the analytes of interest and analytical methods for each facility preparing a Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan. 44 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs.

Nickels, J.M.

1991-06-01

112

Benefits and Costs of the Family Planning Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A discussion is provided of the benefits and costs of family planning services in California. A review of the budgetary needs of the Family Planning Program is presented, and the characteristics of the program are examined. The Family Planning Office requ...

1977-01-01

113

Nursing's Acceptance of the Function of Family Planning Counselor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changes in family planning methods in the 1960s and the recognition of population control as a public health problem brought to the nursing profession the issue of the nurse's involvement in family planning counseling. The author reviews the literature defining the functions of the nurse with regard to family planning counseling. (Author/RP)

Monteiro, Lois

1974-01-01

114

[On family planning policy in Brazil].  

PubMed

Brazil's population could vary from a minimum of 164.5 million to a maximum of 183.5 million at the turn of the century. The increase in population is due essentially to a decline in mortality, since natality has remained steady, averaging 6.2 children/woman. During the 1st 4 years of the 1980s, a 19% drop in natality was registered, with the greatest reduction occurring in the East-Central (25%) region, testimony to an increased presence of highly effective contraceptive means. 65% of all married women between the ages of 15 and 44 use contraceptives, placing Brazil among the most developed countries (U.S.A., 68%). The main contraceptive method used is sterilization, preferred even by very young women, median age 29, as evidenced by a study in Sao Paulo. The choice of contraceptives, however, is limited. During the military dictatorship family planning was put in the hands of private organizations (BEMFAM since 1965, CEPAIMC since 1975) and recent policies have emphasized a hands-off attitude leaving birth control decisions to the family nucleus. The economic crisis, at the end of the 1970s, modified this position. In order to avoid that, only the wealthy classes have access to family planning means, the government increasingly plays an active role in providing information and assistance. A not-for-profit institution, ABEPF (Brazilian Association for Family Planning Entities), the largest of its kind in Latin America, organizes and promotes private initiative programs. Acting as a true syndicate, each clinic affiliated with the association receives training of professionals and equipment for installation of laboratories and consulting rooms. Various women's rights movements have been active and succeeded in influencing political parties. PMID:12280937

Berquo, E

1987-01-01

115

Tay Sachs and Related Storage Diseases: Family Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on interviews with 24 families, the article discusses family planning and the choices available to those families in which a child has previously died from Tay-Sachs or related lipid storage diseases. (IM)

Schneiderman, Gerald; And Others

1978-01-01

116

Documentation of the Family Shelter Care Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document describes the Family Shelter Care (FSC) Project, a program which provides emergency and short term shelter care for troubled Indian youths (7 to 18 year old abused, dependent, and neglected, in need of supervision, and delinquent children) on five Indian reservations in South Dakota. Sections address the following project components:…

Mountain Plains Youth Service Coalition, Pierre, SD.

117

A Multicultural Family Project for Primary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that teachers can work with children's families to study likenesses and differences in their respective cultures. Details a class project for 7- to 8-year-olds whereby children start with self-portraits and construct masks of their faces. Provides sample mask project timeline and steps for making masks out of paper molds and a…

Gutwirth, Valerie

1997-01-01

118

Family Literacy Research Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study surveyed adults with literacy problems and evaluated the Parents-as-Partners-as-Learners project. Eighty English-speaking adults in the eastern townships of Quebec, Canada, were interviewed concerning their literacy problems. Results indicated that health and social problems were identified by the adults as the major impediment to…

Fear, Marion J.

119

Graduate Student Project: Operations Management Product Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

An operations management product project is an effective instructional technique that fills a void in current operations management literature in product planning. More than 94.1% of 286 graduates favored the project as a learning tool, and results demonstrate the significant impact the project had in predicting student performance. The author made several project changes over 12 course offerings. Results demonstrate

Lynn Fish

2007-01-01

120

[Program to motivate post-partum women to use family planning methods].  

PubMed

The 1983 National Fertility Survey in Rwanda indicated that 73% of the population knew about family planning and 11% used some method, but fewer than 1% used a modern method. Between 1983-88 the proportion using a modern method increased to only 4.2%. A survey of unsatisfied demands in maternal-child health and family planning indicated that 31% of fertile-aged women had had unwanted pregnancies. A new project has been designed to motivate women delivering in health facilities to adopt and use a family planning method in the 6 weeks following delivery. The major program activities will be training in family planning communication for health and social service personnel frequently in contact with postpartum women, supervision, and evaluation. Content of the family planning training will include the health benefits of family planning, information to give clients about family planning interviews. The persons providing the family planning information should be sensitive to the needs of the client, have the confidence of clients, and be capable of communicating clearly and easily. Clients should be informed about the mode of action, efficacy, advantages, possible secondary effects, use instructions, warning signs, and need for follow- up of the different methods. Available methods in Rwanda include standard and low-dose pills, progestin pills, injectables, Norplant, IUDs, condoms and spermicides, sterilization, and natural family planning methods. PMID:12316204

Munyakazi, A

1989-12-01

121

UMTRA Project: Environment, Safety, and Health Plan  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has prepared this UMTRA Project Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) Plan to establish the policy, implementing requirements, and guidance for the UMTRA Project. The requirements and guidance identified in this plan are designed to provide technical direction to UMTRA Project contractors to assist in the development and implementation of their ES and H plans and programs for UMTRA Project work activities. Specific requirements set forth in this UMTRA Project ES and H Plan are intended to provide uniformity to the UMTRA Project`s ES and H programs for processing sites, disposal sites, and vicinity properties. In all cases, this UMTRA Project ES and H Plan is intended to be consistent with applicable standards and regulations and to provide guidance that is generic in nature and will allow for contractors` evaluation of site or contract-specific ES and H conditions. This plan specifies the basic ES and H requirements applicable to UMTRA Project ES and H programs and delineates responsibilities for carrying out this plan. DOE and contractor ES and H personnel are expected to exercise professional judgment and apply a graded approach when interpreting these guidelines, based on the risk of operations.

Not Available

1995-02-01

122

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project surface project management plan  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan describes the planning, systems, and organization that shall be used to manage the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). US DOE is authorized to stabilize and control surface tailings and ground water contamination at 24 inactive uranium processing sites and associated vicinity properties containing uranium mill tailings and related residual radioactive materials.

Not Available

1994-09-01

123

Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to describe the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) and establish an approved YMP baseline against which overall YMP progress and management effectiveness shall be measured. For the sake of brevity, this document will be referred to as the Project Plan throughout this document. This Project Plan only addresses activities up to the submittal of the repository license application (LA) to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). A new Project Plan will be submitted to establish the technical, cost, and schedule baselines for the final design and construction phase of development extending through the start of repository operations, assuming that the site is determined to be suitable.

Gertz, C.P.; Bartlett, J.

1992-01-01

124

Reports on Population/Family Planning. Population and Family Planning Programs: A Factbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third annual "Factbook," containing neither text nor charts, is a supplement rather than an entirely new edition. It consists of 17 tables with new information and a new map of the world showing current government positions of family planning programs and policies. As in earlier editions, the tables are the core of this report. They contain…

Nortman, Dorothy

125

A cost analysis of family planning in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This article presents a step-down cost analysis using secondary data sources from 26 Bangladesh non-government organizations (NGOs) providing family planning services under a US Agency for International Development-funded umbrella organization. The unit costs of the NGOs' Maternal-Child Health (MCH) clinics and community-based distribution (CBD) systems were calculated and found to be minimally different. Several simulations were conducted to investigate the impact of alternative cost-reduction measures. The more general financial analysis proved more insightful than the unit cost analysis in terms of identifying means by which to improve the efficiency of the family planning operations of these NGOs. The analysis revealed that 56 per cent of total expenditures in the two-tiered umbrella's organizational structure are incurred in management operations and overheads. Of the remaining 44 per cent of project expenditures, 39 per cent is spent on the CBD program and 5 per cent on the MCH clinics. Within the CBD program, most resources are spent providing 4 million contacts (two-thirds of the annual total) which do not involve contraceptive re-supply. The clinics devote more resources to providing MCH services than to providing family planning services. The findings suggest that significant savings could be generated by containing administrative costs, improving operational efficiency, and reducing unnecessary or redundant fieldworker contacts. The magnitude of the potential savings raises a fundamental question about the continued viability and sustainability of this supply-driven CBD strategy. PMID:10177415

Fiedler, J L; Day, L M

1997-01-01

126

Five levels of family planning progress: lessons from Thailand.  

PubMed

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has developed terms to categorize nations on the basis of their level of modern contraceptive prevalence. Categorization reveals national family planning elements and circumstances common to each level, aiding policymakers in policy projection and appropriate program formulation. At the lowest prevalence level, emergent countries demonstrate less than 8% modern contraceptive prevalence. Launch countries are from 8-15%, growth countries from 16-34%, consolidation countries from 35-49%, while mature countries range from 50% and higher. Related country characteristics according to respective stages are explored in the paper. Thailand's successful progression through these stages is provided as a model example. For developing countries at a more broad level, launch stage countries should emphasize consensus building for family planning, and consider adopting a national family planning policy. Growth stage countries require effective communication programs, while countries in the consolidation phase need to attract groups from outside of the mainstream. Finally, countries in the mature stage should progressively realize greater responsibility in the private sector for service provision. PMID:12284222

Robey, B

1991-09-01

127

Planning Digital Projects for Historical Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from the NYPL (last discussed in the May 15, 1999 Scout Report) consist of an overview of planning digital projects for historical collections and an example of just such a project. The site is aimed primarily at librarians and administrators who would like to promote the use of often under-accessed and difficult to classify collections of unique historical materials. The guide briefly discusses the NYPL's own digital projects, answers common questions regarding digital projects, and guides readers through the steps of planning and creating the project, including selecting, organizing, and presenting the materials. The conclusion also offers a number of useful links.

128

Family planning in Viet Nam: a vigorous approach.  

PubMed

Viet Nam, a country in transition, is vigorously implementing its population and family planning policies and plans, despite the fact that increased government expenditure for family planning only amounts to some US $0.15 per capita, far short of the minimum $0.60 required. An increased range of family planning methods will be offered to the population through a "cafeteria" approach. Genital tract infections will be reduced, as well as the incidence of abortion. Research continues on injectable and implanted contraceptives, and the use of quinacrine nonsurgical female sterilization. In the long term, a mix of imported and locally-produced contraceptives is envisaged to achieve greater sustainability. Family planning will be closely linked to economic development and poverty alleviation, with mass organizations developing family planning-linked credit, savings and income generating schemes. Pilot experience has indicated value if integrated approach linking family planning, nutrition, and parasite control. The health manpower and health services systems are being overhauled, with plans to appoint family planning focal points at commune level, linked to mobile district teams and grassroots motivators. Medical equipment, contraceptives and essential drugs for family planning and reproductive health services are in short supply at an estimated 60% of commune health stations. Both the public sector and the growing private sector will need to face the challenge of providing the population with high-quality reproductive health services and family planning options suited to individual needs and preferences. PMID:8085369

Feuerstein, M T

1994-01-01

129

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN: CONNECTICUT WETLANDS STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's Wetland Research Program has supported a major effort to study wetlands mitigation projects in the field. he field studies were designed to 1) evaluate the project plans; 2) compare the projects with natural wetlands in the same land use setting; and 3) describe the develop...

130

Graduate Student Project: Operations Management Product Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An operations management product project is an effective instructional technique that fills a void in current operations management literature in product planning. More than 94.1% of 286 graduates favored the project as a learning tool, and results demonstrate the significant impact the project had in predicting student performance. The author…

Fish, Lynn

2007-01-01

131

Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan (QAPP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Project QAPP's describe the program and the planned actions which WHC will implement to demonstrate and ensure that the project meets the requirements of DOE Order 5700.6C. The Project involves retrieving the high-heat waste from Tank 241-C-106 to clo...

J. J. Huston

1994-01-01

132

River Protection Project (RPP) Project Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in accordance with the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999, established the Office of River Protection (ORP) to successfully execute and manage the River Protection Project (RPP), formerly known as the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). The mission of the RPP is to store, retrieve, treat, and dispose of the

2000-01-01

133

Sewing machines and bank loans, farming and family planning.  

PubMed

Half of a $10,000 grant was given by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) to finance the rural development project activities of Danfa, a village of about 835 people in Ghana. In this community the women are hard working but doubly disadvantaged. Along with a high illiteracy rate, the women are limited by inadequate income due to underemployment, under productivity, unfavorable farming conditions, and a lack of resources. Large families, frequent pregnancies, poor mother and child health, and high infant mortality all make matters worse for both the rural farm wife and her family. The project began with a nucleus of women that soon grew to between 24-30. Members soon formed small groups according to their occupational interests. The women grasped the self-help idea immediately. Once or twice a month there were demonstrations and the group worked together in such activities as making soap and pomade, preparing meals, and sewing. Meetings generally ended with a general group brainstorming and then members gathered in smaller groups to review their activities and plan for the future. During the 1st year of the project the men in the group rarely attended meetings. The group gave priority attention to their community's urgent need for working capital. 15 women farmers who met the criteria determined by the group received loans in the 1st round; only 8 satisfied the criteria in the 2nd round. At the beginning of the small loans scheme, the group decided to seek bigger loans from the bank if members proved credit worthy. This requirement was satisfied, and the group began negotiations for a loan with the Agricultural Development Bank. The group received the total group loan. The Ghana Home Science Association considers the project to be successful in several respects. Team spirit has developed the group, and the women play important and respected roles. Family planning problems are regularly presented for discussion, but it is difficult to correlate these ideas with practice. The ability of members to discuss these problems comfortably is an indication of their acceptance of family planning as an important topic in their lives. PMID:12311875

Sai, F A; Nsarkoh, J D

1980-03-01

134

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Facilities Revitalization Project - Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Facilities Revitalization Project (FRP) has been established at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to provide new and/or refurbished research and support facilities for the Laboratory's science mission. The FRP vision is to provide ORNL staff with world-class facilities, consolidated at the X-10 site, with the first phase of construction to be completed within five years. The project will utilize a combination of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), State of Tennessee, and private-sector funds to accomplish the new construction, with the facilities requirements to be focused on support of the ORNL Institutional Plan. This FRP Project Management Plan has been developed to provide the framework under which the project will be conducted. It is intended that the FRP will be managed as a programmatic office, with primary resources for execution of the project to be obtained from the responsible organizations within ORNL (Engineering, Procurement, Strategic Planning, etc.). The FRP Project Management Plan includes a definition of the project scope, the organizational responsibilities, and project approach, including detailed Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), followed by more detailed discussions of each of the main WBS elements: Project Planning Basis, Facility Deactivation and Consolidation, and New Facilities Development. Finally, a general discussion of the overall project schedule and cost tracking approach is provided.

Myrick, T.E.

2000-06-06

135

High-Deductible Health Plans: Are Vulnerable Families Enrolled?  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE There is concern that high-deductible health plans may have negative effects on vulnerable groups. The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics of families who have children and switch to high-deductible health plans with those who stay in traditional plans. METHODS This double-cohort study included families who had children aged <18 years and were enrolled in a Massachusetts health plan through employers who did not offer a choice of health plans. We identified families who had traditional health maintenance organization plans for a 12-month baseline period between 2001 and 2004 and compared families whose coverage was then switched to a high-deductible health plan by their employers with similar families whose employer chose to remain in the traditional plan (controls). Data came from health plan enrollment and claims datasets and census data. We used multivariate logistic regression models to compare the characteristics of families who were switched to high-deductible health plans with controls. RESULTS We identified 839 families who had children and whose employer switched them to high-deductible health plans and 5133 controls. Among families with large employers, the adjusted odds of the employer switching to a high-deductible health plan were higher for families living in high-poverty neighborhoods. Among families with small employers, the adjusted odds of the employer switching to a high-deductible health plan were lower for families with more children, above-average family morbidity, and baseline total expenditures >$7000. CONCLUSIONS Among families with large employers offering a single health plan, those from low-income neighborhoods are more likely to be switched to high-deductible health plans. In contrast, families with small employers offering a single plan are more likely to be switched to high-deductible health plans if they are healthier and have lower baseline costs. These findings suggest that families with children in high-deductible plans may represent two distinct groups, one with higher-risk characteristics and another with lower-risk characteristics compared with those in traditional plans.

Galbraith, Alison A.; Ross-Degnan, Dennis; Soumerai, Stephen B.; Miroshnik, Irina; Wharam, J. Frank; Kleinman, Kenneth; Lieu, Tracy A.

2009-01-01

136

Family planning rarely available for refugees.  

PubMed

Worldwide, there are an estimated 18 million refugees, people who have crossed international borders to escape political conflict, famine, destruction of their natural environment, or other disasters. There are an additional 24 million displaced individuals, people who left their homes but remain in their own countries. Women and children comprise more than 80% of both groups. Following some major event or series of events, these individuals have typically relocated in large number over a short period of time to an area devoid of the necessary basic facilities to support their rapid influx. International agencies, foreign governments, and nongovernmental organizations usually come forward to provide emergency relief as best they are able. With regard to the delivery of health care, health services for refugees are typically designed to meet emergency needs, such as the provision of clean water, the delivery of adequate food supplies, and the treatment of disease. Family planning is generally not provided, especially to refugees in the early stages of relocation. Reproductive health services during this initial phase are instead usually limited to care for pregnant women. Refugees, however, do have sex. In fact, birth rates in refugee camps are typically higher than they are for the host-country population. Refugees and displaced persons have often undergone some degree of psychological trauma and emotional loss. Families are displaced and separated, and loved ones have died. Those fortunate enough to make it to refugee camps and be restored to a reasonable state of health typically find themselves in limbo, away from their cherished homes, and often mourning the loss of friends, spouses, and/or children. These individuals are going to have sexual intercourse for a number of reasons. Sex relieves the boredom of camp life, especially for young people, some people want to replace children who have died or been separated from the family, women with few or no relatives have sex with men to survive, and people get raped. In the context of so much human loss and confusion, many recent widows and widowers are in need of companionship; newfound friends eventually become sex partners. In the interest of preventing unwanted pregnancies and the transmission of sexually communicated diseases, international organizations now increasingly recommend that the long-term health needs of refugees and displaced persons be addressed. Specifically, it is imperative that reproductive health services, including family planning and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, be made available to these individuals. PMID:12288757

Barnett, B

1995-03-01

137

SNF project engineering process improvement plan  

SciTech Connect

This Engineering Process Improvement Plan documents the activities and plans to be taken by the SNF Project (the Project) to support its engineering process and to produce a consolidated set of engineering procedures that are fully compliant with the requirements of HNF-PRO-1819 (1819). These requirements are imposed on all engineering activities performed for the Project and apply to all life-cycle stages of the Project's systems, structures and components (SSCs). This Plan describes the steps that will be taken by the Project during the transition period to ensure that new procedures are effectively integrated into the Project's work process as these procedures are issued. The consolidated procedures will be issued and implemented by September 30, 1999.

KELMENSON, R.L.

1999-05-24

138

Ethiopia: an emerging family planning success story.  

PubMed

From 1990 to 2011, contraceptive use in Ethiopia increased ninefold and the total fertility rate fell from 7.0 to 4.8. These are two dramatic illustrations of a family planning success story that has emerged over the last two decades and is still emerging. What are the main elements of this success? We posit that the four most significant factors are: political will, generous donor support, nongovernmental and public-private partnerships, and the government's establishment of a network of health extension workers. In this study, we look at these factors and how their interaction increased the proportion of women having both the desire to use and ability to access contraceptives. Also highlighted are some of the key lessons learned in Ethiopia that are relevant to other African countries interested in emulating the country's success. PMID:24323662

Olson, David J; Piller, Andrew

2013-12-01

139

Tardigrade Species Distribution Project: Lesson Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online lesson plan was designed for students taking part in the active research project to document the distribution of a new species of tardigrade, a microscopic invertebrate animal. The project is part of a nationwide online collaborative research project. The lesson plan offers instructional procedures for teachers and lists materials and procedures for collecting, observing, and culturing tardigrades. The lesson involves collecting samples in the field, examining and classifying tartigrades in the samples using a microscope and an online taxonomic key, and keeping a biological journal of their study. Links are provided to other components of the species distribution project.

Balser, Susie; Lindahl, Karen

2009-06-29

140

Tardigrade Species Distribution Project: Lesson Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online lesson plan was designed for students taking part in the active research project to document the distribution of a new species of tardigrade, a microscopic invertebrate animal. The project is part of a nationwide online collaborative research project. The lesson plan offers instructional procedures for teachers and lists materials and procedures for collecting, observing, and culturing tardigrades. The lesson involves collecting samples in the field, examining and classifying tartigrades in the samples using a microscope and an online taxonomic key, and keeping a biological journal of their study. Links are provided to other components of the species distribution project.

Lindahl, Karen; Balser, Susie; University, Illinois W.

141

Work-Family Planning Attitudes among Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using social learning theory as a framework, we explore two sets of antecedents to work and family role planning attitudes among emerging adults: their work-family balance self-efficacy and their perceptions of their parents' work-to-family conflict. A total of 187 college students completed a questionnaire concerning their work-family balance…

Basuil, Dynah A.; Casper, Wendy J.

2012-01-01

142

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project Document Management Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The SNF Project Document Management Plan identifies and describes the currently available systems and processes for implementing and maintaining an effective document control and records management program. This program governs the methods by which docume...

M. D. Connor G. L. Harizison W. C. Rice

1995-01-01

143

Wisconsin Dissemination Planning Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activities of the final year are reported as they relate to the objectives of the Wisconsin Dissemination Planning (WDP) Project: (1) to develop a plan for coordination among the dissemination functions in the Department of Public Instruction (DPI) through a state-wide steering committee; (2) to complete a needs assessment for dissemination…

Harmatuck, Loretta

144

SNF project engineering process improvement plan  

SciTech Connect

This Engineering Process Improvement Plan documents the activities and plans to be taken by the SNF Project to support its engineering process and to produce a consolidated set of engineering procedures that are fully compliant with the requirements of HNF-PRO-1819. All new procedures will be issued and implemented by September 30, 1999.

DESAI, S.P.

1999-07-13

145

The Perseus Project: Eight Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight lesson plans using materials developed for the Perseus Project are provided that show how this site may be used in the classroom. The plans also provide models for preparing students to make increasingly sophisticated use of the resources included in Perseus. (Author/VWL)

Prince, Steve

2001-01-01

146

UMTRA Project value engineering plan  

SciTech Connect

The objective of value engineering (VE) on the Uranium MILL Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is to ensure that remedial action at the UMTRA Project sites is performed to meet the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards for inactive uranium mill tailings sites at the lowest cost, while maintaining a high quality of work. Through review of designs and consideration of reasonable, less expensive alternatives, VE can be an effective cost reduction tool and a means to improve the design. The UMTRA Project products are the design and construction of stabilized tailings embankments.

Not Available

1990-06-01

147

New Production Reactor project-management plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document provides a project management plan for the first phase of a project to design and build a new production reactor (NPR) at SRP. The design of the NPR is based upon proven SRP heavy water reactor design, with several enhancements such as full containment, moderator detritiation, improved cooling, and modernized control rooms and instrumentation. The first phase of

F. J. McCrosson; L. Hibbard; M. R. Buckner

1982-01-01

148

Video: useful tool for delivering family planning messages.  

PubMed

In 1969, the Government of Indonesia declared that the population explosion was a national problem. The National Family Planning Program was consequently launched to encourage adoption of the ideal of a small, happy and prosperous family norm. Micro-approach messages are composed of the following: physiology of menstruation; reproductive process; healthy pregnancy; rational family planning; rational application of contraceptives; infant and child care; nutrition improvement; increase in breastfeeding; increase in family income; education in family life; family health; and deferred marriage age. Macro-approach messages include: the population problem and its impact on socioeconomic aspects; efforts to cope with the population problem; and improvement of women's lot. In utilizing the media and communication channels, the program encourages the implementation of units and working units of IEC to produce IEC materials; utilizes all possible existing media and IEC channels; maintains the consistent linkage between the activity of mass media and the IEC activities in the field; and encourages the private sector to participate in the production of IEC media and materials. A media production center was set up and carries out the following activities: producing video cassettes for tv broadcasts of family planning drama, family planning news, and tv spots; producing duplicates of the video cassettes for distribution to provinces in support of the video network; producing teaching materials for family planning workers; and transfering family planning films into video cassettes. A video network was developed and includes video monitors in family planning service points such as hospitals, family planning clinics and public places like bus stations. In 1985, the program will be expanded by 50 mobile information units equipped with video monitors. Video has potentials to increase the productivity and effectiveness of the family planning program. The video production process is cheaper and simpler than film production. Video will be very helpful as a communication aid in group meetings. It can also be used as a teaching aid for training. PMID:12313886

Sumarsono, S K

1985-10-01

149

Seminars offer key to better family planning.  

PubMed

Current scientific information on health and contraception is in demand in Francophone countries of Africa. Contraceptive technology updates (CTU) have been held in Senegal, Niger, and Togo in order to provide family planning (FP) experts, program managers, providers, and government officials with the opportunity to exchange information and gather new materials. Family Health International's CTUs in Senegal in 1990 were useful in changing policy. Routine blood testing, as a requirement for oral contraceptives, was eliminated. In Niger, there was resistance to changing the policy requiring pelvic examinations and laboratory tests before oral pill distribution. After CTU seminars were held, the attending physicians were gradually convinced by the medical experts that these procedures interfered with and were not necessary for oral pill dispensing. Other changes that came about due to the workshops were the use of licensed practical nurses as FP providers, and the use of village health workers as oral contraceptive providers after an initial prescription. Age and parity requirements for injectables were also changed to a lower age due to the efforts of CTUs. In Togo, a CTU seminar was held with leaders from Togo and nine other African countries. In the final declaration, policies were recommended for authorizing adolescent FP services and promoting non-clinic service delivery approaches. Prior to the seminars, information on local country conditions was gathered; this information was useful in showing how changes in local barriers to contraception use and continuation could be affected. The use of international information was helpful in Togo for understanding the importance of using injectables and providing pill access through rural outlets. The participation of a delivery of professions and people involved in FP has been important for policy and service providers. Follow-up training at the service delivery level is needed, where changing habits and attitudes is necessary. The first step is convincing health workers of their important contribution to FP, and then, working to change non-medical barriers. PMID:12318095

Townsend, S

1993-03-01

150

Family planning in Latin America's barriadas.  

PubMed

In Latin America, many rural people build dwellings in settlements on the cities' fringes without permission from the authorities. The authorities make several unsuccessful attempts to drive them away, but eventually ignore them. In the 1960s, family planning (FP) associations were concerned about how they can serve the shantytowns, which needed their services but had no social services at all, e.g., water supply and sanitation. In the early 1970s, PROFAMILIA Colombia began a new form of FP service delivery in rural areas by training someone from the community who believed in FP to distribution (CBD) programs provided more FP than all of PROFAMILIA's 60 clinics. In 1973, PROFAMILIA started its URBAN CBD program in the slums of Bogota and learned that the people wanted FP. The CBD movement spread throughout urban and rural Latin America. Brazil's BEMFAM developed the world's largest CBD program. By 1985, 10,365 distribution posts operated in Latin America and, by 1991, there were 26,423. In urban slums in the 1980s, Mexico's MEXFAM began using community doctors, who tend to be new medical graduates. Often the community and the doctors respect each other so much that many doctors remain in the shantytowns beyond their required time. The residents' acceptance of FP provided by people who understand the community shows how they want to plan their lives and better themselves. In addition, they have taken the chance to seek a better life by leaving hopeless situations in rural areas and by building dwellings for themselves, even though they had no money, land, or even basic necessities. In Peru, shantytown residents were moved to the desert and supplied with basic construction materials. They built a community, Villa El Salvador, now complete with tree-lined streets, shops, schools, and movies. Shantytown dwellers may have the solution to Latin America's problems. PMID:12179848

1993-05-01

151

Space Planning And Design Course: Final Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project is from the space planning and design course taught by Michelle Mueller at Portland Community College. For their final project, students in the class were asked to conceptually remodel a 1920's era house into a modern studio and separate living quarters. This document includes an overview of the project which may be easily adapted to suit a similar course. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Mueller, Michelle

2011-11-28

152

SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This project is being conducted at the request of the DOE and the NRC. The INL has been requested by the NRC to improve and maintain the Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluation (SAPHIRE) tool set concurrent with the changing needs of the user community as well as staying current with new technologies. Successful completion will be upon NRC approved release of all software and accompanying documentation in a timely fashion. This project will enhance the SAPHIRE tool set for the user community (NRC, Nuclear Power Plant operations, Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA) model developers) by providing improved Common Cause Failure (CCF), External Events, Level 2, and Significance Determination Process (SDP) analysis capabilities. The SAPHIRE development team at the Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for successful completion of this project. The project is under the supervision of Curtis L. Smith, PhD, Technical Lead for the SAPHIRE application. All current capabilities from SAPHIRE version 7 will be maintained in SAPHIRE 8. The following additional capabilities will be incorporated: • Incorporation of SPAR models for the SDP interface. • Improved quality assurance activities for PRA calculations of SAPHIRE Version 8. • Continue the current activities for code maintenance, documentation, and user support for the code.

Curtis L.Smith; Ted S. Wood

2010-03-01

153

Families Who Care: Assisting African American and Rural Caregivers Dealing with Dementia. A Replication Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Replication Plan describes an Administration on Aging funded Project, "Assisting Caregivers of Black and Rural Elders with Dementia: Progressive Training through Trusted Resources." The project directly developed the capacities of trusted community leaders (n=69) who served as trainers of African American and rural family caregivers (n=200)…

Coogle, Constance L., Ed.; Finley, Ruth B., Ed.

154

Studies in Family Planning, Volume 3 Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new design for government family planning programs is proposed in "Family Planning Programs: An Economic Approach," the principal article in this monthly publication of The Population Council. The design is intended primarily for low-income countries that seek large and rapid reductions in fertility. Thirteen elements of the proposed system of…

Population Council, New York, NY.

155

Family Planning in Five Continents: Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Population growth trends and family planning activities in Africa, America, Asia, Europe, and Oceania are summarized in this booklet developed by the International Planned Parenthood Federation. Narrative information for each continent gives a resume of population growth trends, reasons for the trends, population problems, policy formation, family

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

156

Family Planning Services: Focus for State Initiative, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information is provided on family planning services in Georgia in an attempt to aid other States in the development of effective approaches to family planning service delivery. Estimates of need were made in 1975 among three groups of women in Georgia at ...

1975-01-01

157

Differences in Counseling Men and Women: Family Planning in Kenya.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparisions of family planning sessions in Kenya found distinct gender differences in reasons for visiting the clinics and communication styles of both the clients and the counselors. These communication patterns may be a result of Kenyan gender roles and men's and women's different reasons for seeking family planning services. Implications of…

Kim, Young Mi; Kols, Adrienne; Mwarogo, Peter; Awasum, David

2000-01-01

158

Poverty, Fertility Preferences and Family Planning Practice in the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the interaction of poverty, fertility preferences and family planning practice in the Philippines using the series of nationally representative Family Planning Surveys conducted annually since 1999 augmented by census and other survey data. Its contribution lies on providing recent and nationally representative empirical evidence on the long running but largely unresolved debate in the country on

Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr.

2005-01-01

159

Current Publications in Population/Family Planning Number 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of current publications in the fields of population and family planning are presented in this pamphlet. Topical areas include: demography and social science, human reproduction and fertility control, family planning program, population policy, and general publications. Research studies, monthly reports, journal articles, and general…

Population Council, New York, NY.

160

Current Publications in Population/Family Planning, Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of current publications in the fields of population and family planning are presented in this pamphlet. Topical areas include: demography and social science, human reproduction and fertility control, family planning programs, population policy, and general publications. Research studies, monthly reports, journal articles, and general…

Population Council, New York, NY.

161

Current Publications in Population/Family Planning, Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of current publications in the fields of population and family planning are presented in this pamphlet. Topical areas include: demography and social science, human reproduction and fertility control, family planning programs, population policy, and general publications. Research studies, monthly reports, journal articles, and general…

Population Council, New York, NY.

162

Current Publications in Population/Family Planning, Number 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of current publications in the fields of population and family planning are presented in this pamphlet. Topical areas include: demography and social science, human reproduction and fertility control, family planning programs, population policy, and general publications. Research studies, monthly reports, journal articles, and general…

Population Council, New York, NY.

163

Current Publications in Population/Family Planning, Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of current publications in the fields of population and family planning are presented in this pamphlet. Topical areas include: demography and social science, human reproduction and fertility control, family planning programs, population policy, and general publications. Research studies, monthly reports, journal articles, and general…

Population Council, New York, NY.

164

River Protection Project (RPP) Environmental Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Program Plan was developed in support of the Integrated Environment, Safety, and Health Management System Plan (ISMS) (RPP-MP-003), which establishes a single, defined environmental, safety, and health management system that integrates requirements into the work planning and execution processes to protect workers, the public, and the environment. The ISMS also provides mechanisms for increasing worker involvement in work planning, including hazard and environmental impact identification, analysis, and control; work execution; and feedback/improvement processes. The ISMS plan consists of six core functions. Each section of this plan describes the activities of the River Protection Project (RPP) (formerly known as the Tank Waste Remediation System) Environmental organization according to the following core functions: Establish Environmental Policy; Define the Scope of Work; Identify Hazards, Environmental Impacts, and Requirements; Analyze Hazards and Environmental Impacts and Implement Controls; Perform Work within Controls; and Provide Feedback and Continuous Improvement.

POWELL, P.A.

2000-03-29

165

Does family planning work in a Chinese way.  

PubMed

China's family planning work should be done with a Chinese appraoch. Consequently, consideration must be given to China's characteristics. China is low in productive forces and underdeveloped in economy and education, but the population is enormous. Thus, the Chinese government confirms family planning as a basic state policy and calls for the control of population growth to around 1.2 billion by 2000. The gross output value of industrial and agricultural production will be quadrupled so as to fit the population growth to the development of the national economy. The population of China has a large base number with a young age structure. At this time, people under the age of 30 account for about 62.7% with more than 20 million people per year reaching marriageable and childbearing age in the coming 10 years or more. The government calls for young people to marry and to have a child later and advocates the practice of 1 child for each couple. By the end of 1983 there were 34.49 million couples of childbearing age with only 1 child each, of whom 24.77 million couples chose voluntarily to have 1 child. The government, while advocating 1 child for each couple, stresses that family planning policies should be fair and resonable, acceptable to the people, and easy for field workers to implement. Since China's rural population makes up a large proportion and the feudal ideas such as preference of sons to daughters, the principle of integrating government's guidance with people's voluntariness has been practiced throughout the family planning work. To achieve the population goal set by the government, a family planning network formed with Chinese characteristics. The practice of family planning has been made a basic state policy and is included in the Constitution and the Marriage Law. The drawing up of the Family Planning Law is now underway. A solid foundation has been laid for family planning work among the masses. China is experienced in giving different guidance to regions with different backgrounds, while implementing the government's family planning policy. It combines the government's guidance with personal voluntariness by letting people choose birth control methods. There exists a complete family planning system in China with a contingent of family planning workers. Family planning and education centers and population information centers at all levels are being set up and perfected to shape a complete set of organizations. The development of scientific research on family planning technology and contraceptives ensures further improvement of family planning work. PMID:12280247

1985-03-01

166

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project operational staffing plan  

SciTech Connect

Using the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project`s current process flow concepts and knowledge from cognizant engineering and operational personnel, an initial assessment of the SNF Project radiological exposure and resource requirements was completed. A small project team completed a step by step analysis of fuel movement in the K Basins to the new interim storage location, the Canister Storage Building (CSB). This analysis looked at fuel retrieval, conditioning of the fuel, and transportation of the fuel. This plan describes the staffing structure for fuel processing, fuel movement, and the maintenance and operation (M&O) staffing requirements of the facilities. This initial draft does not identify the support function resources required for M&O, i.e., administrative and engineering (technical support). These will be included in future revisions to the plan. This plan looks at the resource requirements for the SNF subprojects, specifically, the operations of the facilities, balances resources where applicable, rotates crews where applicable, and attempts to use individuals in multi-task assignments. This plan does not apply to the construction phase of planned projects that affect staffing levels of K Basins.

Debban, B.L.

1996-03-01

167

Project implementation plan: ASTD remote deployment  

SciTech Connect

This Project Implementation Plan (PIP) shall be the controlling document for the Accelerated Site Technology Deployment (ASTD) supported project to procure and qualify a remote/robotic work platform for large hot cell deactivation in the 324 Building B-Cell. This plan will be integrated into the 324/327 Buildings Stabilization/Deactivation Project, Project Management Plan, (HNF-IP-1289, Rev. 1) and shall comply with the base requirements established in that document. This PIP establishes the baseline and defines the scope, schedule, budget, organizational responsibilities, reporting requirements, deliverables, and end points for the implementation of new technology into B-Cell. This shall include procurement, safety, quality assurance, training, documentation, record management, and facility modifications applicable to this project. Specifically this plan controls and executes the procurement and acceptance, qualification, and turnover of a remote/robotic work platform for 324 Building B-Cell. This includes the development of functional parameters, performance requirements, evaluation criteria, procurement specifications, acceptance and qualification test procedures, training requirements, and turnover responsibilities. The 324/237 Buildings Stabilization/Deactivation Project is currently in its second year of a nine-year project to complete deactivation and closure of the facility for long-term surveillance and maintenance. A major obstacles for the project is the inability to effectively perform deactivation tasks within high radioactively contaminated hot cells. The current strategies utilize inefficient and resource intensive technologies that significantly impact the cost and schedule for stabilization and deactivation. The ASTD Remote Deployment Project shall identify, procure, and turnover, to the B-Cell project, a remote/robot work platform to improve B-Cell cleanup productivity and enhance worker safety and health.

CRASS, D.W.

1999-08-18

168

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Facilities development project plan  

SciTech Connect

While the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) project is subject to future Administration policy decisions, budget proposals and Congressional actions, this Project Plan sets forth a feasible technical, cost, and schedule plan associated with the development of 750 million barrels of SPR crude oil storage and for enhancement of the SPR's distribution system to achieve a distribution capability of 4.5 million barrels per day. Assuming future adoption by the Administration and Congress of the project schedule identified in this Project Plan, The Total Project Cost (TPC) in program year dollars is $2,500,000,000. The TPC excludes post-development operations, capital improvement projects, terminal standby services, and oil acquisition. Under the same assumption, the schedule objectives of this project are: completion of the 750-million-barrel reserve, excluding oil fill, by September 30, 1992 in accordance with the storage capacity development schedule presented in Attachment 1. Completion of distribution enhancements to provide a distribution capability of 4.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1992 in accordance with the following schedule: 3.0 million barrels per day by July 31, 1987; 3.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1989; and 4.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1992.

Not Available

1986-10-01

169

FY95 software project management plan: TMACS, CASS computer systems  

SciTech Connect

The FY95 Work Plan for TMACS and CASS Software Projects describes the activities planned for the current fiscal year. This plan replaces WHC-SD-WM-SDP-008. The TMACS project schedule is included in the TWRS Integrated Schedule.

Spurling, D.G.

1994-11-11

170

[Intensifying family planning policy, promoting population control].  

PubMed

Suizhou is a county located in China's western Hubei Province which has 1.3 million inhabitants including 90% living in rural areas. The Family planning (FP) program is not well accepted there. Since 1988, a few measured to promote FP were tried and proved to be effective. These measures include the following. 1) Setting-up a birth control contract system. Couples in child-bearing age sign contracts with their employers or village committees on the practice of birth control and fines in case of violation of birth control regulations. Under the contract, couples who may have a second child according to the FP policy are guaranteed such an opportunity so that they would not rush to have another child for fear of a policy change. Couples with a single child are ensured the special benefits stipulated in the birth control regulations. 2) FP is made a component of the terms of reference of local administrations. Those who fulfill their targets are rewarded, while those who did not are held accountable or penalized. 3) FP workers are evaluated every 6 months on different aspects of program achievements. Both qualitative and quantitative criteria were set for these aspects. Ranking by achievements will be used as the basis for reward or penalty. 4) The emphasis of FP programs became service- oriented. FP, health, and women's affairs workers acted as a team to deliver FP information and contraceptive supplies to people's door steps. At the same time, health check-ups and maternal and child care were also provided. These reforms in FP activities increased acceptability of the program among eligible couples in the country. PMID:12159314

1989-03-01

171

Technical project planning (TPP) process. Engineer manual  

SciTech Connect

This Engineer Manual (EM) describes the Technical Project Planning (TPP) process for identifying project objectives and designing data collection programs at hazardous, toxic, and radioactive waste sites. The TPP process helps ensure that the requisite type, quality, and quantity of data are obtained to satisfy project objectives that lead to informed decisions and site closeout. The TPP process can be used from investigation through closeout at small, simple sites as well as large, complex sites. The TPP process is a critical component of the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) quality management system that meets the American National Standard for planning the collection and evaluation of environmental data. This EM is intended for use by USACE project managers and both technical and contractor personnel for implementation of Engineer Regulation (ER) 5-1-11.

NONE

1998-08-31

172

Spiritual civilization in family planning advocated by government.  

PubMed

The National Conference on Exchange of Experience in the Building of Socialist Spiritual Civilization in the Implementation of the Family Planning Program met recently to focus on ways to help the people of China understand and support the family planning policies of the government and to change their childbearing concept. Spiritual civilization in the implementation of the family planning program can be summarized in terms of "4 educations:" the people should be united by a common ideal to carry out family planning conscientiously; the new morale and custom in the practice of family planning should be fostered and developed among the people; knowledge about population theory and family planning technology should be popularized; and the people should be guided to observe family planning regulations and policies. More than 80 papers were presented at the meeting. The experience of Keshan County in the Heilongjiang Province emerges as typical. The people's childbearing concept in Keshan County has undergone a radical change as a result of longterm education. This is the case, although this county's economic development is no better than the national average. PMID:12341554

Chen, J

1987-02-01

173

Issues in NASA Program and Project Management: Focus on Project Planning and Scheduling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics addressed include: Planning and scheduling training for working project teams at NASA, overview of project planning and scheduling workshops, project planning at NASA, new approaches to systems engineering, software reliability assessment, and software reuse in wind tunnel control systems.

Hoffman, Edward J. (Editor); Lawbaugh, William M. (Editor)

1997-01-01

174

UMTRA Project environmental, health, and safety plan  

SciTech Connect

The basic health and safety requirements established in this plan are designed to provide guidelines to be applied at all Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project sites. Specific restrictions are given where necessary. However, an attempt has been made to provide guidelines which are generic in nature, and will allow for evaluation of site-specific conditions. Health and safety personnel are expected to exercise professional judgment when interpreting these guidelines to ensure the health and safety of project personnel and the general population. This UMTRA Project Environmental, Health, and Safety (EH S) Plan specifies the basic Federal health and safety standards and special DOE requirements applicable to this program. In addition, responsibilities in carrying out this plan are delineated. Some guidance on program requirements and radiation control and monitoring is also included. An Environmental, Health, and Safety Plan shall be developed as part of the remedial action plan for each mill site and associated disposal site. Special conditions at the site which may present potential health hazards will be described, and special areas that should should be addressed by the Remedial Action Contractor (RAC) will be indicated. Site-specific EH S concerns will be addressed by special contract conditions in RAC subcontracts. 2 tabs.

Not Available

1989-02-01

175

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project Document Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SNF Project Document Management Plan identifies and describes the currently available systems and processes for implementing and maintaining an effective document control and records management program. This program governs the methods by which documents are generated, released, distributed, maintained current, retired, and ultimately disposed.

M. D. Connor; G. L. Harizison; W. C. Rice

1995-01-01

176

MID-ATLANTIC LANDSCAPE INDICATORS PROJECT PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

Landscapes are described by the spatial arrangements of ecological resources. he Project Plan details an approach that examines landscape patterns relative to their affect on the flow of energy, water, nutrients, and biota. he landscape component of the Environmental Monitoring a...

177

NEW HAMPSHIRE ESTUARIES PROJECT MANAGEMENT PLAN, 2000  

EPA Science Inventory

The Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan of the New Hampshire Estuaries Project presents a broad framework and specific list of actions to protect and enhance the environmental quality of the estuaries of the State of New Hampshire. It is intended to be a guide for all ...

178

National Ignition Facility project acquisition plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this National Ignition Facility Acquisition Plan is to describe the overall procurement strategy planned for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) Project. The scope of the plan describes the procurement activities and acquisition strategy for the following phases of the NIF Project, each of which receives either plant and capital equipment (PACE) or other project cost (OPC) funds: Title 1 and 2 design and Title 3 engineering (PACE); Optics manufacturing facilitization and pilot production (OPC); Convention facility construction (PACE); Procurement, installation, and acceptance testing of equipment (PACE); and Start-up (OPC). Activities that are part of the base Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Program are not included in this plan. The University of California (UC), operating Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Lockheed-Martin, which operates Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics (UR-LLE), will conduct the acquisition of needed products and services in support of their assigned responsibilities within the NIF Project structure in accordance with their prime contracts with the Department of Energy (DOE). LLNL, designated as the lead Laboratory, will have responsibility for all procurements required for construction, installation, activation, and startup of the NIF.

Callaghan, R.W.

1996-04-01

179

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project dose management plan  

SciTech Connect

This dose management plan facilitates meeting the dose management and ALARA requirements applicable to the design activities of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project, and establishes consistency of information used by multiple subprojects in ALARA evaluations. The method for meeting the ALARA requirements applicable to facility designs involves two components. The first is each Spent Nuclear Fuel Project subproject incorporating ALARA principles, ALARA design optimizations, and ALARA design reviews throughout the design of facilities and equipment. The second component is the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project management providing overall dose management guidance to the subprojects and oversight of the subproject dose management efforts.

Bergsman, K.H.

1996-03-01

180

Objective necessity of socialist family planning: a trial discussion.  

PubMed

On the basis of Marx and Engels' prediction and thesis of scientific socialism, socialist China, the most populous nation in the world, is the 1st to have realized the planned management of population reproductive in the history of mankind, thus giving an answer to the problem in practice. This paper makes a tentative exploration of such a necessity in socialist family planning. Engels points out that 1) under private ownership, population reproduction takes class antagonism as the basis, while public ownership of the means of production eradicates it; 2) in capitalist society, the reproduction of the labor force is commodity reproduction--public ownership of the means of production can be divorced from the domain of commodity; and 3) under private ownership, population reproduction is purely the private business of an individual or a family whose economic benefit forms the motive force of population reproduction--public ownership liberates it from one's personal gains making it a public affair. The great significance of family planning to economic development can be recognized as production, consumption, and accumulation. Taking family planning as the basis for the reproduction plan of the labor force is the guarantee of realizing the material production plan. Family planning reflects the trend of the structure and change of consumer requirements and provides the direct and indirect objectives of various items of material production planning; it provides the objective basis for social accumulation and the arrangement of expanding reproduction. 3 conclusions are derived: 1) the building up of the public ownership of the means of production affords man the possibility to regulate the production of matter as well as man, 2) the characteristics of the planned development of a socialist national economy demands the planned production of man, and 3) family planning and the development of a socialist economy demand their mutual congruence. PMID:12314263

Li, R

1985-07-01

181

Metropolitan Cleveland Family Planning Program. January, 1973 through December, 1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The activities of the Metropolitan Cleveland Family Planning Program (MCFPP) are described. The relationship of MCFPP components is illustrated in a diagram, and MCFPP clinic sites are shown on a map. The percentage of patients served by MCFPP providers i...

1975-01-01

182

Family Planning Practice Guidelines for HIO Service Providers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Practical guidelines are presented for providing family planning services through polyclinics run by health insurance organizations. Intended for use by clinic medical staff, the report gives instructions on providing the following types of contraceptives...

F. Ali J. Kulmindar K. O'Hanley

1990-01-01

183

Voluntary, human rights-based family planning: a conceptual framework.  

PubMed

At the 2012 Family Planning Summit in London, world leaders committed to providing effective family planning information and services to 120 million additional women and girls by the year 2020. Amid positive response, some expressed concern that the numeric goal could signal a retreat from the human rights-centered approach that underpinned the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. Achieving the FP2020 goal will take concerted and coordinated efforts among diverse stakeholders and a new programmatic approach supported by the public health and human rights communities. This article presents a new conceptual framework designed to serve as a path toward fulfilling the FP2020 goal. This new unifying framework, which incorporates human rights laws and principles within family-planning-program and quality-of-care frameworks, brings what have been parallel lines of thought together in one construct to make human rights issues related to family planning practical. PMID:24615572

Hardee, Karen; Kumar, Jan; Newman, Karen; Bakamjian, Lynn; Harris, Shannon; Rodríguez, Mariela; Brown, Win

2014-03-01

184

Audience Research for Improving Family Planning Communication Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The information-education-communication (IEC) approach to family planning (FP) systematically researches and designs specific mass media messages for targeted subgroups of the population. This manual, part of a 3-part series, describes how to carry out au...

J. T. Bertrand

1980-01-01

185

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS FOR DEVELOPING PROJECT PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

Region 10 has prepared new QA guidance documents for preparing Air Monitoring QA project plans, PCB QA Project Plans, Aquaculture NPDES Inspection Plans and RCRA Inspection QA project plans. These documents not only serve to establish detailed and uniform policy and guidance for...

186

The Coalition Parties' Family Tax Package. The Australian Family Income Transfer Project. AFIT Bulletin No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Family Income Transfer Project (AFIT) is designed to examine the impact of government policies on the economic well being of Australian families. The AFIT Project uses published national statistics as well as data and information collected by the Australian Institute of Family Studies (the project's sponsor) in its own studies and…

Brownlee, Helen; And Others

187

Perception of and attitudes toward the Nigerian federal population policy, family planning program and family planning in Kaduna State, Nigeria.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the perceptions of the Nigerian population policy, family planning program and family planning using data obtained from a 1995 survey of 600 Atyap women aged 15-49 years, in Nigeria. Additional qualitative data were obtained from married and unmarried women and men, clergymen, government officials, and respected community elders. The predominantly Christian and rural Atyap community generally accepts modern contraception and the need for family size reduction but considers the "four-is-enough" policy to be unacceptable. Religion may be important in determining the success of the federal government to reduce family size to four children by the year 2000. PMID:11000710

Avong, H N

2000-04-01

188

Contraception. Family planning: by whom and for whom?  

PubMed

Many people consider family planning to be the cure for population growth and its consequences (poverty, child mortality, morbidity, depletion of natural resources, and environmental degradation). International organizations support family planning programs and population-political strategies control their operations. Other key players in family planning are the pharmaceutical industry, the churches, and governments. Women tend not be involved in developing population and family planning policies, however, but instead implement the policies. Population planners are generally not interested in family planning methods which give women control over their own bodies, e.g., female-controlled barrier methods. In fact, they distrust them because the planners consider women to be unreliable. Besides, the low effectiveness of these methods means women need to rely on abortion, which is a problem in many developing countries, e.g., Latin America. Further, family planning programs must meet predetermined goals, so their service is lacking, e.g., limited supply of contraceptives and not enough time to provide information to clients. Family planning revolves around women. For example, they encourage them to talk their partners into approving the women's use of contraception, but this is almost always difficult for women in developing countries. Provision of family planning cannot be successful without society accepting and treating women as full citizens. In addition, society needs to realize that women have a sexuality separate from men. Political will is needed for these changes in attitude. The international women's movement does not agree on the degree which women can control contraceptives themselves. Women's groups are working to improve the position and independence of women and contraception is just 1 factor which can help them achieve this goal. The Women's Sexuality and Health Feminist Collective in Sao Paulo, Brazil, is an example of a coalition of women's health groups. PMID:12285430

Stemerding, B

1992-01-01

189

Farmers knew prosperity lies in family planning: Prof. Gao Yuanxiang.  

PubMed

This brief article summarizes a speech given by the Director of Population Studies in Hebei, China, on family planning and sustainable development. Concurrent with the implementation of the family planning policy over the past 20 years was the implementation of development policies in rural areas. Agricultural policy shifted from support of the commune system to a land-leasing system. The land-leasing system is an improvement that inspires farmers to become wealthy and modernized. The new rural administration encourages modernization that releases manpower, and thus, frees farmers to concentrate on improving production and farming techniques rather than on increasing reproduction. Farmers decide on working time allocation and investment. Surplus agricultural laborers are migrating to cities in search of better work opportunities. Legal measures are needed to help migrants adapt to development. Urban living requires a one-child policy, while a two-child policy is acceptable in poor and mountainous rural areas. "The education of family planning must be mandatory." Under the new policies, people must become committed to family planning. Farmers are beginning to discover the benefits of family planning. Farmer's enlightenment occurred as a result of the family planning and poverty alleviation efforts during the late 1980s and 1990s. Farmers appreciate the government assistance and now believe that family planning benefits individuals and enhances their honor and responsibility. The benefits of the policy will continue into the future. "Sustainable population development is an important part of economic development." China is entering the new century with a new type of demographic structure, a new cultural system of family planning, and practical efforts. PMID:12292780

1997-09-01

190

Integrating reproductive health services into family planning programs.  

PubMed

A recent Population Council publication, Reproductive Health Approach to Family Planning, discusses integration of reproductive health into family planning programs in a series of edited presentations that Council staff and colleagues gave at a 1994 meeting of the US Agency for International Development (USAID) cooperating agencies. The presentations reflect the Council's view that family planning programs ought to help individuals achieve their own reproductive goals in a healthful manner. The report discusses four areas of reproductive health: reproductive tract infections (RTIs), including sexually transmitted diseases; prevention and treatment of unsafe abortion; pregnancy, labor, and delivery care; and postpartum care. Christopher Elias (Senior Associate, Programs Division) argued that family planning programs ought to provide services that target RTIs, given that these illnesses afflict a significant proportion of reproductive-age women. The family planning community has an ethical responsibility to provide services to women who experience an unwanted pregnancy. They must have access to high-quality postabortion care, including family planning services. Professional midwives are ideally suited to serve as integrated reproductive health workers trained to combat the five major maternal killers: hemorrhage, sepsis, pregnancy-induced hypertension, obstructed labor, and unsafe abortion. This was demonstrated in a highly successful Life-Saving Skills for Midwives program undertaken in Ghana, Nigeria, and Uganda, and soon to start in Vietnam in conjunction with the Council's Safe Motherhood research program. Family planning services should be viewed as part of a comprehensive set of health services needed by postpartum women, which include appropriate contraception, maternal health checks, well-baby care, and information about breastfeeding, infant care, and nutrition. Family planning programs should incorporate breastfeeding counseling into their services. When programs aim to help individuals meet their own reproductive goals in a healthful manner, this implies that services will not increase clients' risk of morbidity. PMID:12319546

1995-06-01

191

The impact of a family planning multimedia campaign in Bamako, Mali.  

PubMed

An integrated multimedia campaign featuring family planning messages saturated the 900,000-person city of Bamako, Mali, for three months during the spring of 1993. With traditional theater and music, family planning messages were repeatedly broadcast on radio and television that conveyed information about modern contraceptive methods, the need for male sexual responsibility, the health and economic advantages of family planning, the need for communication between spouses, and that Islam, the predominant faith of Mali, does not oppose family planning. A separate sample pretest-post-test quasi-experimental research design was used to evaluate the effects of the campaign and exposure to specific messages on changes in contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, and practice. Results indicate a high level of exposure to and agreement with the messages. A dramatic drop was found in the proportion of men and women who believe that Islam opposes family planning. Logistic regression results indicate that contraceptive knowledge and use and more favorable attitudes toward family planning are positively associated with intensity of exposure to the project interventions, after controlling for relevant variables. PMID:9789324

Kane, T T; Gueye, M; Speizer, I; Pacque-Margolis, S; Baron, D

1998-09-01

192

Business System Planning Project, Preliminary System Design  

SciTech Connect

CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) is currently performing many core business functions including, but not limited to, work control, planning, scheduling, cost estimating, procurement, training, and human resources. Other core business functions are managed by or dependent on Project Hanford Management Contractors including, but not limited to, payroll, benefits and pension administration, inventory control, accounts payable, and records management. In addition, CHG has business relationships with its parent company CH2M HILL, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of River Protection and other River Protection Project contractors, government agencies, and vendors. The Business Systems Planning (BSP) Project, under the sponsorship of the CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. Chief Information Officer (CIO), have recommended information system solutions that will support CHG business areas. The Preliminary System Design was developed using the recommendations from the Alternatives Analysis, RPP-6499, Rev 0 and will become the design base for any follow-on implementation projects. The Preliminary System Design will present a high-level system design, providing a high-level overview of the Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) modules and identify internal and external relationships. This document will not define data structures, user interface components (screens, reports, menus, etc.), business rules or processes. These in-depth activities will be accomplished at implementation planning time.

EVOSEVICH, S.

2000-10-30

193

Family Medicine Curriculum Resource Project: the future.  

PubMed

Under contract to the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine (STFM) created an undergraduate medical education curricular resource designed to train physicians to practice in the 21st century. An interdisciplinary group of more than 35 educators worked for 4 years to create the Family Medicine Curriculum Resource (FMCR). By consensus, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies were adopted as the theoretical framework for this project. The FMCR provides materials for the preclerkship years, the third-year family medicine clerkship, the postclerkship year, and faculty development, as well as guidance for integrating topics of special interest to the federal government (such as, geriatrics, Healthy People 2010, genetics, informatics) into a 4-year continuum of medical education. There are challenges inherent in implementing each component of the FMCR. For example, can the ACGME competency-based approach be adapted to undergraduate medical education? Can the densely packed preclerkship years be adapted to include more focused effort on developing these competencies, and whose job is it anyway? What is "core" to being a competent clinician, and what information can be obtained when needed from medical informatics sources? Will family medicine educators embrace the FMCR recommendations for their third-year clerkships? Will exit assessment of the competency levels of graduating medical students be achieved, and can it make them more capable residents? Can faculty in different clinical and educational settings integrate the teaching of "how to learn" into their repertoire? How will faculty development innovation progress in a time of increasing emphasis on clinical productivity? Developing a common language and adoption of core competencies for all levels of medical education is imperative in a society that is focusing on improving health care quality and outcomes. The FMCR Project has developed a curricular resource to assist medical educators in this task. The challenge for the future is to measure how the FMCR is used and to ascertain if it has an influence on better patient and system outcomes. PMID:17186449

Stearns, Jeffrey A; Stearns, Marjorie A; Paulman, Paul M; Chessman, Alexander W; Davis, Ardis K; Sherwood, Roger A; Sheets, Kent J; Steele, David J; Matson, Christine C

2007-01-01

194

A second look at natural family planning.  

PubMed

There is renewed interest in natural family planning (NFP) as the Philippine Population Program enters the 1980s. Much of this interest is due to the realization that, properly practiced, NFP can be a highly effective means of birth spacing. In 1978 the Special Committee to Review the Philippine Population Program recommended that more efforts be made to promote NFP. The different methods of NFP are reviewed. Sex without intercourse, coitus interruptus, and prolonged nursing are not officially recognized as NFP methods by the Program. The rhythm method was first described independently by Drs. Hermann Knaus of Austria and Kyusaku Ogino of Japan in the 1930s. Ogino's method of calculating a woman's fertile period is based on the lengths of the last 12 menstrual cycles which she recorded on a calendar. The advantages of rhythm are that it is inexpensive, it requires only the cost of charts which may be homemade, there are no physical side effects, control is in the woman's hands, and it is acceptable to people who consider it their duty to follow religious teachings. Disadvantages include: keeping constant, accurate records of cycles for long periods of time; the need for perseverance and correct interpretation of the chart; the possible need for medical advice and help; and the fear that something might upset a woman's cycle and change the time of ovulation. The continuation rates of rhythm acceptors in the Philippines are unimpressive. A study of 142 women revealed a high pregnancy/failure rate--25% for a 12-month period compared to 0 with oral contraception (OC) and the IUD's 2%. The basal body temperature method helps determine the unsafe period with some accuracy. Its premise is that there are slight but detectable changes in a woman's body temperature during her cycle. These changes herald ovulation. A special thermometer must record temperature changes of 0.1 degree Farenheit. This instrument and the charts are the only expenses involved. The reviewers of the Philippine Population Program noted that since the end of the unsafe period can be indicated only by the temperature, the total period of abstinence becomes long, although the basal body temperature method gives more or less 10 successive days for intercourse. The cervical mucus method, also known as the Billings method, takes into account the cervical secretions during the menstrual cycle. Appearance of this mucus is an indication of fertility. All that is required of a practitioner is to learn to distinguish the different sensations of wetness and dryness. The disadvantage is that the method becomes ineffective in areas where there is cervicitis or infection of the cervix. The symptom thermal method is the basal body temperature method combined with other NFP techniques and is widely used. With this method an accurate record of the 6 immediately preceding menstrual cycles is established. The start of the fertile period is set by substracting 20 days plus 1. The woman watches for symptoms like pelvic heaviness, breast softness, and mucus discharge. PMID:12265791

Lolarga, E

1983-01-01

195

Project management plan for the Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document establishes the project management plan for design and development of the Object Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) Project. The purpose of the project management plan is to document the plans, goals, directions, commitments, approaches, and decisions that relate to guiding a project throughout its life cycle. Special attention is given to project goals, deliverables, sponsor and project standards,

K. A. Rasch; R. W. Reid

1997-01-01

196

Current Literature in Family Planning, November 1972, No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of current publications in the fields of population and family planning are contained in this monthly acquisitions list of the Katherine Dexter McCormick Library, Planned Parenthood, New York. Organized in two parts, Part 1 contains an annotated list of the books most recently acquired by the Library, marked with its Library call number,…

Planned Parenthood--World Population, New York, NY. Katherine Dexter McCormick Library.

197

Stepping up primary health care and family planning service delivery through IEC.  

PubMed

There has been a marked improvement in the rate of family planning practice and a lowering of the parasite infection in Korea where the Integrated Project on Family Planning, Nutrition and Parasite Control was introduced. In 1984, primary health care was added to the project. Community health practitioners (CHPs) were posted in 11 primary health posts (PHPs). CHPs were selected from licensed nurses. They have provided various health services including maternal child health, family planning, tuberculosis control, dental care and sanitation. The PHPs operate on a self-paying basis. A final evaluation seminar was held to assess the effectiveness of the project implementation and to develop a strategy applicable worldwide. To promote its population policy, the government has been taking a series of incentive/disincentive measures such as: providing free sterilization surgery, and giving priority to sterilization acceptors who have 2 children or less. Home delivery of health care services in rural areas still remains at about 40%. The government has set up 89 MCH centers and plans to publish an MCH handbook for a more thorough management of MCH care. The government has also conducted compulsory stool examinations twice a year for all the students of primary and 2ndary schools. Projects conducted as part of a new community movement include: latrine renovation; kitchen renovation; insect-protection netting; running water supply; and the water quality test. The IEC activities for a 1-child family should be improved to give children better care. PMID:12314459

1986-11-01

198

Salt Repository Project transportation program plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Salt Repository Project (SRP) has the responsibility to develop a comprehensive transportation program plan (TrPP) that treats the transportation of workers, supplies, and high-level radioactive waste to the site and the transportation of salt, low-level, and transuranic wastes from the site. The TrPP has developed a systematic approach to transportation which is directed towards satisfying statutes, regulations, and directives

R. L. Fisher; A. H. Greenberg; T. L. Anderson; K. R. Yates

1987-01-01

199

President Jiang Zemin on family planning and environmental protection.  

PubMed

Presented in this brief article are excerpts of a speech given by the Chinese State President and Party Secretary-General Jiang Zemin at the National Forum on Family Planning and Environmental Protection on March 8, 1997. He states that family planning and environmental policies require long-term considerations. Both family planning and environmental matters are correlated and relate to socioeconomic development in China. Population growth will have negative impacts on the environment, and environmental mismanagement will adversely affect people's health and living conditions. The importance of environmental and family planning policies must be known to every household, and these policies must be effectively implemented as part of socioeconomic development programs. Although China's family planning policy has been successful in reducing China's population size and growth, the task ahead of guaranteeing a population under 1.3 billion by 2000 is enormous. The challenge will be to implement effective programs in rural and poverty-stricken areas. Family planning should be combined with poverty alleviation and income development. Policies should give priority to poor family planning acceptors. China has made "significant progress in environmental protection," but the public is creating "a higher demand on the quality of the environment." By the year 2000, the trends in environmental pollution and ecological destruction must be controlled and the quality of the environment improved. By 2010, there should be evidence of environmental improvements in urban areas, in degraded situations, and in rural areas. Environmental protection will require the cooperation between all departments, the Communist Party, and the Chinese people. PMID:12347918

Jiang, Z

1997-04-01

200

Integration of family planning programmes with health services.  

PubMed

Most African countries consider family planning as a necessary policy instrument for the improvement of maternal and child health conditions. 68% of governments have set as a development objective the reduction of mortality, particularly the reduction of maternal and infant mortality. Additionally, 34% of these African governments have adopted an integrated approach of family planning programs with health services. Various reasons can justify the adoption of an integrated approach to the provision of family planning and maternal and child health services. From a political perspective, the integration approach is based on the political sensitivity and increasing the willingness of political authorities and motivating them to accept family planning as an instrument in the battle against maternal and infant mortality. From the organizational point of view, integration allows the establishment of a system of administration common to both programs of family planning and health, and consequently to develop the infrastructure in equipment and personnel that is necessary for the functioning of these programs. Births occurring to women in the 20-30 year age group are associated with low maternal mortality. Birth intervals of more than 1 year and preferably 2 years and more are associated with a low rate of maternal and infant mortality, prenatal mortality, and a low rate of prematurity. The high rate of abortion constitutes a danger against maternal health. A program of family planning integrated with health services will diminish the number of abortions. For integration to respond to its objectives, certain conditions should be met: the establishment of administrative services that allow the integrated functioning of family planning with maternal and infant health services; complete coverage in health services to pregnant women and women who just delivered; and the establishment and proper functioning of population education programs for pregnant and postpartum women and for young women and couples. PMID:12265378

1983-01-01

201

Is the Asian family planning program model suited to Africa?  

PubMed

This paper examines four Asian countries where fertility declines between the early 1960s and early 1980s ranged from 29 to 57 percent and contrasts their situations with seven African countries where fertility either remained constant or rose. It is shown that the difference is not explained by the African countries being at an earlier stage of socioeconomic development nor by the failure to provide family planning programs. The explanation is a lack of African demand for limiting family size, the result of family structures and economies quite different from Asia, and of essentially religious attitudes toward fertility that have an impact both on family economics and the acceptability of various forms of fertility control. These attitudes, together with the nature of the African state, mean that governments could not implement the forceful family planning policies that have at times characterized the programs of China, India, and Indonesia. PMID:3284023

Caldwell, J C; Caldwell, P

1988-01-01

202

Publicity and education on family planning information in Keshan County.  

PubMed

In 1984 the Keshan (Northeast China) County Government and the Family Planning Committee initiated an education campaign to disseminate family planning information to farmers. The team of propagandists consisted primarily of full-time family planning workers. Village cadres, school teachers, and rural physicians, who are properly educated and positive about family planning work, enjoy high prestige among the workers. They were invited to be team members after training and are supported by the villagers because they come from among the local people. All the childbearing women aged 15-49 in each village were classified by the propagandist into 5 groups according to their marital and childbearing status, i.e., women at the age of puberty, women of new marriage, pregnant and lying-in women, women with children to be reared, and middle-age and old women. The women were organized into groups to attend lectures on different subjects such as population policy, relationship between population growth and socioeconomic development on the 1 hand and individuals and environment on the other. Also included were physiology, the health birth and rearing of children, and health care for women and the aged. The publicity effort included broadcasting, films, video aids, and slide shows. Increased classs were during the slack seasons, and lectures were given once a week. By 1986, about 80% of the population at childbearing age in Keshan County had attended the family planning lectures. PMID:12341211

1986-12-01

203

[The pharmacist should play an active role in family planning].  

PubMed

Although pharmacies now dispense primarily modern products originating in large multinational corporations, the community pharmacist has not been replaced by any ultramodern technological advance. Many thousand persons acquire family planning products in pharmacies. The pharmacist works many hours a day, is always available, and provides free advice to his clients. Pharmacists are consulted daily on numerous topics, especially on family planning. Many prsons in rural areas are without the services of a physician and rely on pharmacists all the more. Pharmacists could orient the public on family planning in general, help in choosing the most appropriate of available methods, and refer patients to physicians in case of problems. Participants at the recent International Conference on the Role of Retail Pharmacists in Family Planning, held in Alexandria, Egypt, concluded that pharmacists should cooperate with physicians and other health professionals to provide family planning services and should participate in elaboration of laws regulating the manufacture, storage, prices, and distribution of contraceptives. The prices of contraceptive supplies to the consumer could be reduced if taxes and import duties were removed, if supplies were produced locally, or if supplies were subsidized by some donor organization. PMID:12178199

Portes, M

1983-01-01

204

Third Asian and Pacific Conference perspectives on family planning, population, and development.  

PubMed

Differences between the Report of the UN World Population Conference and the Report of the Third Asian and Pacific Population Conference were discussed in reference to 1) the relative importance placed on family planning and development in lowering fertility levels, 2) the degree to which family planning and development programs should be integrated, and 3) setting family planning targets. The UN conference was held in Bucharest, Hungary, in 1974 and the Asian and Pacific Conference was held in Colomb, Sri Lanka in 1982. The relative importance of family planning and development on fertility was a major issue at the Bucharest conference. The World Population Plan for Action (WPPA) formulated at the Bucharest conference did not recommend family planning as a strategy for reducing fertility; instead, the WPPA recommended that countries interested in reducing fertility should give priority to development programs and urged developed countries to promote international equity in the use of world resources. In contrast, the Asia-Pacific Call for Action on Population and Development as formulated at the Colomb conference, strongly recommended both development and family planning programs as a means to reduce fertility. It urged governments to adopt strong family planning policies, to make family planning services available on a regular basis, and to educate and motivate their populations toward family planning. In regard to integration strategies, the WPPA called for integrating family planning programs and development programs wherever possible, and particularly recommended integrated delivery of family planning and health services. The Asia-Pacific Call for Action supported an integrated approach, but only in those situations where it was proven to be a workable approach, i.e., where it improved the efficiency of family planning services. Combining family planning and maternal and child health programs is known to be an advantageous approach, but the consequences of integrating family planning with other health programs and with development programs needs further study. The WPPA recommended that governments set targets for life expectancy and infant mortality, but it did not mention setting fertility targets or establishing an ideal family size. It did urge governments to create the type of socioeconomic conditions which would permit couples to have the number of children they desired and to space them in the manner they wished. The WPPA noted that substantial national effort would be required to reduce the birthrate to the UN projected rate of 30/1000 population in developing regions by 1985. The Asia-Pacific Call for Action urged countries to set specific targets which would make it possible for them to attain replacement level fertility in the year 2000. It will be interesting to observe the degree to which the Asian and Pacific countries will be able to influence the participants at the upcoming International Conference on Population to their way of thinking on these critical issues. A copy of the Asia-Pacific Call for Action on Population and Development is included in an annex to the article. PMID:12313216

1984-01-01

205

The Second Year of the Brookline Early Education Project: Progress Report and Plans for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second in a series of progress reports on the Brookline Early Education Project (BEEP), a program which provides diagnostic and educational services for very young children and their families. The 1972-74 programs are described, and plans for the following 3-year period are reviewed. The purpose of this pilot project of the Brookline…

Brookline Public Schools, MA.

206

A family planning program that pays for itself.  

PubMed

In Japan, the condom is the method of choice of 82% of all contraceptive users. The Japan Family Planning Association covers about 3% of the total condom market through a well-organized social marketing scheme. Mobile guidance teams, equipped with a vehicle, supply contraceptives to health centers, independent midwives, and maternity hospitals in 17 prefectures and collect payment for condoms distributed after their previous visit. As an incentive, organizations and health institutions receive a commission for the condoms they supply. Japan's largest condom manufacturer provides supplies to the Family Planning Association at a very low price. The contraceptive social marketing program pays for its own promotion, and the Family Planning Association is able to support its other activities from the income it earns. The program was designed to complement rather than compete with commercial marketing channels such as pharmacies, which supply 60% of the 660 million condoms purchased in Japan each year. PMID:12341264

1987-07-01

207

Empowerment and family planning in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

A 1992 survey of 1500 women (1300 married and under age 50 years) was conducted in Bangladesh. Women who participated in 1 of 2 nongovernmental programs which provide small business loans for women (the Grameen Bank and the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) were compared with women who were not members but lived in villages served by the programs and with women who were eligible but lived in villages where the loans were not available. It was found that Grameen Bank membership had a significant positive effect on the use of contraceptives and on the rate in which the level of contraceptive use increased. The greater economic independence enjoyed by the Grameen Bank members is a factor in the increased contraceptive usage as is the promotion by the Bank of a small family norm. Empowerment indicators for women in Bangladesh include mobility, economic security, the ability to make purchases, freedom from domination and violence within the family, political and legal awareness, and participation in political activities. Women are able to achieve their fertility goals by participating in programs that decrease their social isolation and their economic dependence on men. PMID:12345647

Schuler, S R

1994-08-01

208

Angra Neutrino Project: status and plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the status and plans of the Angra Project, a new nuclear reactor neutrino oscillation experiment, proposed to be built in Brazil at the Angra dos Reis nuclear reactor complex. This experiment is aimed to measure ?, the last unknown of the three neutrino mixing angles. Combining a high luminosity design, very low background from cosmic rays and careful control of systematic errors at the 1% level, we propose a high sensitivity multi-detector experiment, able to reach a sensitivity to antineutrino disappearance down to sin2?=0.006 in a three years running period, improving present limits constrained by the CHOOZ experiment by more than an order of magnitude.

Anjos, J. C.; Barbosa, A. F.; Funchal, R. Z.; Kemp, E.; Magnin, J.; Nunokawa, H.; Peres, O. L. G.; Reyna, D.; Shellard, R. C.

2006-05-01

209

Exporting abortion politics: the battle over international family planning assistance.  

PubMed

Congressional legislation seeking to overturn US government restrictions on international family planning assistance face a possible presidential veto. Dating back to the Reagan years, the 1984 Mexico City Policy prohibits foreign nongovernmental organizations (NGO) receiving US money from performing or actively promoting abortion as a family planning method. Even if abortion is legal in that particular country, the agency involved may not even discuss abortion as one of the medical options of a pregnant woman. In line with the Mexico City Policy, the US has withdrawn funding from both the International Planned Parenthood Federation, the largest NGO in the population field, and the Family Planning International Assistance, the international division of the Planned Parenthood federation of America. One of the effects of the Mexico City Policy has been to make family planning more controversial, and to increase opposition to birth control. In addition to the Mexico City Policy, the Reagan years also saw the implementation of a policy that denies funding to the UNFPA, charged by the US of "co-managing" China's population program that engages in coercive abortion and involuntary sterilization. The UNFPA has denied such charges. So far, President George Bush -- previously a supporter of family planning programs -- has sided with opponents of abortion, and has threatened a veto threat may soon be tested, since Congress has drafted a foreign aid appropriations bill that has includes a measure saying that NGOs should be treated in the same manner as their governments, which are exempt from the Mexico City Policy so long as US funds are not used to support abortions. PMID:12178849

Lasher, C

1991-01-01

210

Factors determining family planning in Catalonia. Sources of inequity  

PubMed Central

Introduction In recent decades, the foreign population in Spain has increased significantly, particularly for Catalonia, an autonomous region of Spain (2.90% in 2000 and 15.95% in 2010) and in particular Girona province (6.18% in 2000 and 21.55% in 2010). Several studies have shown a lower use of family planning methods by immigrants. This same trend is observed in Spain. The objective of this paper is to determine the existence of differences and possible sources of inequity in the use of family planning methods among health service users in Catalonia (Spain) by sex, health status, place of birth and socioeconomic conditions. Methods Data were taken from an ad-hoc questionnaire which was compiled following a qualitative stage of individual interviews. Said questionnaire was administered to 1094 Catalan public health service users during 2007. A complete descriptive analysis was carried out for variables related to public health service users’ sociodemographic characteristics and variables indicating knowledge and use of family planning methods, and bivariate relationships were analysed by means of chi-square contrasts. Considering the use (or non-use) of family planning methods as a dependent variable and a set of demographic, socioeconomic and health status variables as explanatory factors, the relationship was modelled using mixed models. Results The analysed sample is comprised of 54.3% women and 45.7% men, with 74.3% natives (or from the EU) and 25.7% economic immigrants. 54.8% use some method of family planning, the condom (46.7%) and the pill (28.0%) being the two most frequently used methods. Statistical modelling indicates that those factors which most influence the use of family planning methods are level of education (30.59% and 39.29% more likelihood) and having children over 14 (35.35% more likelihood). With regard to the origin of the user, we observe that patients from North Africa,sub. Saharan Africa and Asia are less likely to use family planning methods (36.68%, 38.59% and 70.51%, respectively). Conclusions The use of family planning methods is positively related to a higher level of education and having children over 14. Factors such as sex, age, income and self-perceived health do not appear to influence their use. Furthermore, being a native of this country, the European Union or Central/South America represents a greater likelihood of use than being African or Asian. Although no general differences in use were found between sexes, the difference found in the case of Asian women stands out, with a higher likelihood of use.

2012-01-01

211

Family planning for the home, working wives and mothers.  

PubMed

The Indian family planning program is discussed in relation to the home, working wives, and mothers. The major objectives of the program are to learn the reasons for the rapid growth of population, to discover suitable contraceptive techniques, advise, and reduce the birthrate to a level consonant with India's economic well being. Efforts to reach the home are made more difficult by geographic remoteness of some regions, sociological barriers, and the experience of infant mortality. Emphasis must be put on the fact that the fewer the children, the more hopeful the outlook for health and economic security. The trend today is for the middle classes to have fewer children than members of the lower classes. This situation should be reversed if India is to prosper. The hazzards to health of repeated childbirth are especially great to the working wife. Every large-scale industry should begin family planning clinics. By limiting family size, working wives can increase productivity and raise healthier and happier children; middle class wives will be able to respond to their desire to serve their country. Attitudes of working wives toward family planning is increasingly favorable. The most common deterrent to family planning use is fear of losing their children through death. Members of some communities also feel the need to increase the population of their community. PMID:12306150

Gupta, P S

1972-10-01

212

Project management plan for the Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes the project management plan for design and development of the Object Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) Project. The purpose of the project management plan is to document the plans, goals, directions, commitments, approaches, and decisions that relate to guiding a project throughout its life cycle. Special attention is given to project goals, deliverables, sponsor and project standards, project resources, schedule, and cost estimates.

Rasch, K.A.; Reid, R.W.

1997-02-01

213

Even Start Projects Serving Migrant Families: Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even Start was created by federal legislation to address poverty and illiteracy among low-income families by integrating early childhood education, adult literacy or adult basic education, and parenting education into a unified family literacy program. Migrant Education Even Start (MEES) projects resemble other Even Start projects but are affected…

Gonzales, Miriam; Goldstein, David; Stief, Elizabeth; Fiester, Leila; Weiner, Lisa; Waiters, Katrina

214

The Family Writing Project: Creating Space for Sustaining Teacher Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family writing projects can change the nature of classroom writing instruction and rejuvenate teachers. Marilyn McKinney, Saralyn Lasley, and Rosemary Holmes-Gull report on their study of one such project in an urban school district. Using the concept of "third space," they describe the influence of this family literacy program on teacher practice.

McKinney, Marilyn; Lasley, Saralyn; Holmes-Gull, Rosemary

2008-01-01

215

Unmet Family Planning Need: Differences and Levels of Agreement Between Husband-Wife, Haryana, India  

PubMed Central

Research question: Is there agreement between husbands and wives regarding unmet need of family planning? Hypothesis: The unmet need of family planning is perceived more by women then their husbands. Objective: 1) To ascertain the unmet needs of family planning for husbands and wives. 2) To ascertain the level of agreement between husbands and wives regarding unmet needs of family planning. Design: A cross-sectional survey Setting: Dayalpur village in Intensive field practice area of Comprehensive Rural Health Services project (CRHSP), Ballabgarh, Haryana. Study Period: July 2003- June 2005. Participants included 200 married couples selected by simple random sampling. Statistical Analysis: Level of agreement between husbands and wives was analyzed using Kappa statistics. Results: Unmet need for family planning was 11% (22 out of 200) for husbands and 17.5% (35 out of 200) for wives. The difference was seen both in unmet need for spacing (M-3.5% vs. F-6%) as well as limiting family size (M-7.5% vs. F-11.5%). Overall, 93.5% concordance was observed amongst husbands and wives. In all the cases where disagreement was seen (6.5%), wives reported having unmet need for contraception whereas their husbands perceived none. The unadjusted Kappa statistic was 0.73 and prevalence adjusted Kappa was 0.88. Conclusion: Unmet need for family planning was significantly higher for wives compared to husbands. Despite high degrees of agreement amongst the couples, the nature of disconcordance reinforces the need for policy makers to take into account the perspective of men.

Yadav, Kapil; Singh, Bir; Goswami, Kiran

2009-01-01

216

National health services and family planning: Thailand, a case study.  

PubMed

The family planning program of Thailand was organized, planned, and implemented by means of the rural health and hospital services of the Ministry of Public Health. Without this integration, the program would not have been allowed by the government. The Thai health system was reasonably well-established, the use of its personnel lessened cost and duplication of efforts, and the resulting integration was successful. The program operated very quietly between 1968 and 1970. No public information was allowed. There were no full-time family planning workers, and no goals and incentives were offered. Only in 1970 when the government announced a national population policy were the restrictions on public information removed. In the development of the program, more than 7600 employees of the Ministry of Public Health received the 1-week training program. After training, family planning clinics were opened in the provincial hospitals and in those rural health centers staffed with a physician. Initially, the auxiliary midwives were expected only to motivate and provide information to those in their areas, referring interested couples to the centers and hospitals for the IUDs, oral contraceptives, and sterilization programs that were available. However, after the successful completion of a pilot study in 1970, the midwives were permitted to prescribe the oral contraceptive. A postpartum program which attempted to motivate women in the use of family planning 2-4 days following delivery revealed that with proper motivation efforts a majority of women will accept family planning services postpartum. A special evaluation section was developed within the Ministry to assess the progress of the program. Many problems continue to require attention, such as the need for high level government support shown by a budget increase and the development of effective supervision for staff within the health system. PMID:1147129

Hemachidha, C; Rosenfield, A G

1975-08-01

217

Family life clinics for Gulf state: Bahrain FPA helps bring a family planning breakthrough.  

PubMed

Family life clinics which will provide family planning services alongside maternal and child health services and general counseling are opening in health centers throughout Bahrain and in the main hospital at Manama. Bahrain, a small island in the Arabian Gulf, formed its first Family Planning Association (FPA) just 4 years ago; and this new initiative is seen as a direct result of cooperation between FPA and the government. To spread family planning awareness and services particularly to the poorer section of the population, Bahrain's FPA developed in various stages. Stage 1, in 1975, was to attract and educate volunteers and channel their interest into special committees dealing with programs; public relations; child welfare; legal and medical affairs; research; and conferences and education. Stage 2 came with the need to coordinate the work and set up a 2-person staff and an office. Stage 3 developed with the first field campaign. Door-to-door visiting was tried but was not popular with volunteers or residents. Approaching the population through community clubs and institutions was tried with much success. The new family life clinics are the latest stage of a fruitful cooperation between FPA and the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. In addition to the new family life clinics, an active effort to improve family planning awareness has continued using national seminars and mass media. Fund-raising is under way for a mobile,clinic which will provide health services and methods of contraception, to which there is still substantial resistance, to many on the island who have no exposure to the mass media. Wide acceptance of the need for family planning for the sake of mothers, the family, and the child is growing in Bahrain. PMID:12335914

1979-01-01

218

Tenant Partners for Community Education: A Family Literacy Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to discuss, describe, and evaluate a family literacy program I developed as a pilot project for Southeast Asian immigrant families with elementary school-aged children living in the Tenderloin neighborhood of San Francisco.\\u000aI will give an overview of this project and review recent research on the different approaches to family literacy. Using a working

Pamela J. Anderson

2000-01-01

219

Family planning in traditional markets in Nigeria.  

PubMed

Operations research on the Ibadan Market-Based Distribution Project in Nigeria investigated the feasibility of a contraceptive distribution system using traders in the traditional markets to sell pills, condoms, and foaming tablets. Two hundred and thirty-five female and male traders were trained and supplied with contraceptives, malaria treatments, and oral rehydration salts to sell at low prices in 39 markets. This article presents findings from qualitative and quantitative research conducted in 1985-89 to determine if the sale of contraceptives in the marketplace is acceptable to participating traders and shoppers and to identify trader and market characteristics associated with sales volume. Sales of contraceptives totaled 18,286 pill cycles, 11,818 packages of four condoms, and 4,429 packages of four foaming tablets. The average monthly sale for each participating trader was 5.3 units. Adaptations of this model are being tested in other Nigerian cities and in Accra, Ghana. PMID:2075621

Ladipo, O A; McNamara, R; Delano, G E; Weiss, E; Otolorin, E O

1990-01-01

220

Meeting health and family planning needs in Latin America and the Caribbean.  

PubMed

The operations research and technical assistance (OR/TA) project in The Population Council has concentrated on fertility and infant mortality issues in Latin American and the Caribbean for more than a decade through INOPAL. INOPAL is an acronym for Investigacion Operacional en Planificacion Familiar y Atencion Materno-Infantil para America Latina y el Caribe (Operations Research in Family Planning and Maternal-Child Health in Latin America and the Caribbean). In March 1995, the project entered its third phase, INOPAL III, with the renewal of its contract from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). To facilitate communication between INOPAL, collaborating agencies, and USAID, INOPAL Director James Foreit moved from Peru to a Council office in Washington, D.C. INOPAL has six objectives: 1) to test the integration of family planning and reproductive health services; 2) to increase access to family planning; 3) to develop strategies to reach special populations; 4) to improve the sustainability of family planning programs; 5) to improve service quality; and 6) to institutionalize operations research capability in the region. INOPAL II conducted 61 subprojects in 12 countries in collaboration with 24 USAID cooperating agencies and other international organizations. The project established new services for postpartum women, adolescents, and rural women; improved program quality and financial sustainability; increased vasectomy promotion and the range of available contraceptives; and developed new modes of service delivery. A key finding of INOPAL II operations research was the importance of increasing cost-effectiveness to ensure program sustainability. INOPAL III will work toward all six objectives, with an emphasis on integrating reproductive health and family planning services. Operations research and technical assistance (OR/TA) subprojects will focus on the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, perinatal and postpartum care, and postabortion care. PMID:12319543

1995-06-01

221

Economic aspects of Singapore's selective family planning policy.  

PubMed

In the mid 1980s Singapore instituted a selective family planning policy which encouraged poorly educated women to prevent pregnancy while university graduates were discouraged from using family planning. The intent of this policy was to restructure the population and the economy into a more skill-intensive industrial society and to produce effective leaders for the future governing of the country. Monetary incentives were offered to both groups of women for their compliance with the policy, including grants to poor women agreeing to undergo steriliaztion. This study undertakes a cost benefit analysis of this family planning policy, taking into account parameters of economic growth, marginal value product of labor, and the consumption levels. Results of this analysis suggest that society may benefit more by prevention the birth of a potential university student than by preventing the birth of a potential primary school graduate. However, this study does not take into account the value of educated citizens in technical advancement which would raise the productivity of the uskilled workers in the country, nor some of the real economic conditions in Singapore such as the virtually unlimited availability of labor from other Asian countries (who come without dependents and are expatriated when they become unproductive). Training cost and the timing of benefits are critical to the outcome of this analysis. It is shown that, under some reasonable conditions, the selective family planning policy might not be economically warranted. PMID:12268639

Evans, D B

1987-08-01

222

Parent and Family Attitudes toward Long-Term Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the problems facing parents of handicapped children are considered, and the importance of families planning for the future of their children with chronic disabilities is stressed. In addition to the problems encountered by parents who raise non-handicapped children, parents of a handicapped child must cope with community rejection,…

Tyler, J. Larry; And Others

223

Literacy and Family Planning Education in Rural Ghana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes the need for education on fertility in rural Ghana. Notes the success of the adult literacy group approach which provides family planning information and increases literacy. Discusses the significance and activities of the literacy facilitator (usually a woman) within this system who works with groups and individuals as a member of the…

Fiagbey, Emmanuel D. K.

1998-01-01

224

34 CFR 303.114 - Individualized family service plan (IFSP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility for a Grant and Requirements...plan (IFSP). Each system must ensure, for each infant or toddler with a disability and his or her family in the State,...

2013-07-01

225

Family Planning and the Burden of Unintended Pregnancies  

PubMed Central

Family planning is hailed as one of the great public health achievements of the last century, and worldwide acceptance has risen to three-fifths of exposed couples. In many countries, however, uptake of modern contraception is constrained by limited access and weak service delivery, and the burden of unintended pregnancy is still large. This review focuses on family planning's efficacy in preventing unintended pregnancies and their health burden. The authors first describe an epidemiologic framework for reproductive behavior and pregnancy intendedness and use it to guide the review of 21 recent, individual-level studies of pregnancy intentions, health outcomes, and contraception. They then review population-level studies of family planning's relation to reproductive, maternal, and newborn health benefits. Family planning is documented to prevent mother-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, contribute to birth spacing, lower infant mortality risk, and reduce the number of abortions, especially unsafe ones. It is also shown to significantly lower maternal mortality and maternal morbidity associated with unintended pregnancy. Still, a new generation of research is needed to investigate the modest correlation between unintended pregnancy and contraceptive use rates to derive the full health benefits of a proven and cost-effective reproductive technology.

Tsui, Amy O.; McDonald-Mosley, Raegan; Burke, Anne E.

2010-01-01

226

Training x Trainee Interactions in a Family Planning Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of introducing a family planning counseling model at clinics of Peru's Ministry of Health. Providers trained in the model presented greater quality of care and longer counseling sessions than did controls. The main effects, however, were misleading. Nearly all of the quality improvements were contributed by 37%…

Leon, Federico, R.; Rios, Alex; Zumaran, Adriana

2005-01-01

227

Studies in Family Planning, Volume 2 Number 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study of K. C. Chan, Research Officer of the Family Planning Association of Hong Kong, whose purpose was to determine whether IUD retention rates could be increased by home visits to acceptors. Concern with this problem has mounted in many countries where the IUD is the main contraceptive method offered and…

Population Council, New York, NY.

228

Fertility and family planning in southern and central Africa.  

PubMed

Southern Africa comprises a zone where the total fertility rate is below 6 births per woman. To the north is a ring of countries with higher fertility and relatively low contraceptive prevalence rates. The experience of South Africa, Botswana, and Zimbabwe, which have successful family planning programs, is compared with that of neighboring countries. PMID:1523695

Lucas, D

1992-01-01

229

Family Planning Research in a Developing Area: A Different Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the difficulties in adapting American methods of field work to the cultural conditions in pre-industrial societies, in this case a pilot study on family planning in a Middle Eastern Moslem country. It is demonstrated that if the researcher is native and has kinship ties in a traditional community, he can use these assets: (1)…

Fathi, Asghar; Watson, Walter B.

230

Current Publications in Population/Family Planning. Number 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This generously annotated bibliography of books, reports, and journal articles is divided into the following subject areas: 1) Demography and Social Science; 2) Human Reproduction and Fertility Control; 3) Family Planning Programs; 4) Population Policy; and, 5) General. Throughout these areas are works on demography and population control in…

Population Council, New York, NY.

231

Personal and Family Financial Planning and the Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which personal and family financial planning (PFFP) is taught and/or included in the teacher education programs of institutions affiliated with the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education. Information was sought on the reasons for offering PFFP, where it was located in the…

Murphy, Patricia D.

232

[Chen Muhua, Bo Yibo speak at family planning meeting].  

PubMed

Chen Muhua, the Chinese vice premier in charge of family planning spoke at a forum on the family, marriage, and family planning held in Beijing. She made the point that an attempt will be made to realize the goal of a 1 child family on the part of 95% of the married couples in the cities and 90% of the married couples in the countryside. Chen Muhua pointed out that the population growth rate should be in scale with economic developments, and she called for wide scale propaganda regarding the importance of birth control. The vice premier went on to say that late marriage and late birth should be advocated and that attention should be paid to the well being of women, children, and the aged. More than 200 delegates from Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Provinces and from the People's Liberation Army attended the forum. 10 representatives spoke of their experience in promoting family planning. Vice Premiers Wang Zhen and Bo Yibo also spoke and noted that birth control was of considerable importance in improving the material and spiritual life of China's future generations. PMID:12338054

1980-02-01

233

Preliminary Project Execution Plan for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This preliminary project execution plan (PEP) defines U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) project objectives, roles and responsibilities of project participants, project organization, and controls to effectively manage acquisition of capital funds for constru...

2011-01-01

234

[The impact of family planning on reproductive health].  

PubMed

Until relatively recently, sheer survival has been a more pressing concern of most human populations than has control of population growth through contraception. Today family planning with its varied technologies has become an accepted behavior of the majority of fertile couples. Colombia has achieved a satisfactory contraceptive prevalence rate largely due to private institutions. The decline from 6.5 to 3.5 children per woman that required 58 years in the US (1842-1900) required just 15 years in Colombia, according to UN data. Other UN publications demonstrate that family planning prevalence is strongly correlated with quality of life as measured by income, life expectancy, and education, with family planning and quality of life tending to improve simultaneously and coherently. Reproductive health might more appropriately be considered sexual health, since most couples wish to continue sexual relations without fear of unwanted pregnancy. Reproductive health defined as referring to fertile-aged women and children under 15 concerns around 2/3 of the population in developing countries. Although the reproductive health of a country depends in large measure on the physical and mental well-being of its women, discrimination against women in education health, employment, and participation is a serious problem in many countries. Accessibility of family planning is another indicator of women's status. The potential health benefits of avoiding births before age 20 and after 35, high parity births, and closely spaced births are well known. Avoiding all such births would reduce maternal mortality by 20-25% worldwide, saving 100,.000-125,000 maternal lives. Proper spacing would also combat infant mortality. Infant survival programs that omit family planning as a component are short sighted. Family planning has the important benefits of reducing recourse to abortion and of allowing savings in public services including health care, education, and nutrition. In the area of family planning, Colombia's PROFAMILIA continues to prefer a cafeteria approach in which numerous contraceptive options are available. It has been demonstrated that each new method increases the number of acceptors by 6% on average. The especially for women who want to terminate childbearing. Morbidity and mortality rates of the different contraceptive methods, even in the worst conditions, are lower than they would be if contraception were not used. Oral contraceptives, for example, are 4-5 times less risky than nonuse of contraception. PROFAMILIA is currently seeking authorization to use a new combined monthly injectable contraceptive called Cyclofem. The subdermal implant NORPLANT has been well accepted in Colombia. PMID:12318090

Trias, M

1992-06-01

235

Single Shell Tank (SST) Interim Stabilization Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This project plan establishes the management framework for the conduct of the CHG Single-Shell Tank Interim Stabilization completion program. Specifically, this plan defines the mission needs and requirements; technical objectives and approach; organization structure, roles, responsibilities, and interfaces; and operational methods. This plan serves as the project executional baseline.

VLADIMIROFF, D.T.; BOYLES, V.C.

2000-05-22

236

Hindrances to family planning program: findings from Banke, Nepal.  

PubMed

Reducing population growth through programs is a high priority for many developing countries. Why particularly in the rural regions of these countries, do these initiatives fail? Using a case study of a recent initiative in rural Nepal between 1998 and 2002 as an example, this opinion piece discusses possible reasons for such failure and recommends that a broader strategic approach is necessary, particularly in relation to empowering women in these communities. Banke district, Nepal, is mainly rural, consisting of 47 villages. Scarcity of family planning provisions is a dominant problem in most parts of the district. District Public Health Office (DPHO), the major family service provider lacks resources and technical capabilities. In recent years, non-government organizations (NGOs) have been collaborating and coordinating their efforts with DPHO in order to cover the larger section of the district population. A local NGO called Banke Mahila Arthick Swawlamban Sangathan (BMASS) provided family planning services in 5 of the 47 villages of Banke district, Nepal, from 1998 through 2002. Outreach activities and clinical services were the two major components of BMASS family planning program. Outreach activities included door-to-door/mass counseling, street drama, and condom distribution. Clinical services that included counseling, testing, temporary sterilization, and referrals for permanent sterilization were provided through a centrally located static clinic and mobile clinics. BMASS family planning program had almost no impact in the target villages. There was no significant increase in contraceptive use, people's motivation to limit fertility, and number of people preferring a smaller family size. The contraceptive prevalence rate increased by less than 2% after 2 years of family planning program intervention. More than 80% of the family planning clients were reported to have discontinued contraceptive use within six months. The mean age of women at the time of first child delivery (16.2 years), total fertility rate (six children per woman), and the birth intervals (13-18 months) were reported to be the same for both periods: before and two years after family planning program intervention. Further assessment of the local factors revealed that women's lack of control over fertility and higher number of desired children could have hindered the community's response to BMASS family planning program. In the target villages a woman's fertility is dependent upon the preference of husbands and in-laws. The women in general are not empowered to voice their opinion with regards to delaying fertility, spacing child-births, and limiting the number of children to be born to them. Higher number of desired children in the target villages is the outcome of low cost of child rearing and high benefits from the children. Children not only contribute significantly in household economy and provide old age security to their parents, but also consume less. To be effective, family planning programs need to be integrated into broader societal reforms that address rural economic development and the role of women in society. PMID:15882098

Rimal, N

2003-01-01

237

Family Medicine Curriculum Resource Project: The Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under contract to the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the Society of Teach- ers of Family Medicine (STFM) created an undergraduate medical education curricular resource designed to train physicians to practice in the 21st century. An interdisciplinary group of more than 35 educators worked for 4 years to create the Family Medicine Curriculum Resource (FMCR). By consensus, the Accreditation

Jeffrey A. Stearns; Marjorie A. Stearns; Paul M. Paulman; Alexander W. Chessman; Ardis K. Davis; Roger A. Sherwood; Kent J. Sheets; David J. Steele; Christine C. Matson

238

Project Plan for Vertical Lift Machine  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Project Plan for the development and manufacture of a Vertical Lift Machine. It is assumed by this project plan that the Vertical Lift Machine will be developed, designed, manufactured, and tested by a qualified vendor. LLNL will retain review and approval authority for each step given in this project plan. The Vertical Lift Machine is a single linear axis positioning device capable of lifting objects vertically at controlled rates and positioning them repeatedly at predetermined heights, in relation to other objects suspended from above, for high neutron multiplication experiments. Operation of the machine during the experiments is done remotely. The lift mechanism shall accommodate various platforms (tables) that support the objects to be raised. A frame will support additional subassemblies from above such that the lower subassembly can be raised close to and/or interface with those above. The structure must be stiff and motion of the table linear such that radial alignment is maintained (e.g. concentricity). The safe position for the Vertical Lift Machine is the lift mechanism fully retracted with the subassemblies fully separated. The machine shall reside in this position when not in use. It must return to this safe condition from any position upon failure of power sources, open safety interlocks, or operator initiated SCRAM. The Vertical Lift Machine shall have the capability of return to the safe position with no externally applied power. The Vertical Lift Machine shall have dual operator interfaces, one near the machine and another located in a remote control room. Conventional single key, key-lock switching shall be implemented to lock out the control interface not in use. The interface at the machine will be used for testing and ''dry running'' experimental setup(s) with inert subassemblies (i.e. Setup Mode). The remote interface shall provide full control and data recording capability (i.e. Assembly Mode). The control system will be a combination of Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), or equivalent, and relay logic. The operator shall have the ability to adjust lift/lower velocity and position of the table. All measurements will be made as close to, and in line with, the axis of motion as practical. Measurement data, system parameter information, and interlock status shall be displayed.

Ellsworth, G F

2002-08-05

239

Stakeholder perceptions of a total market approach to family planning in Viet Nam.  

PubMed

Viet Nam has high modern contraceptive prevalence (68%), with most services received through the public sector. As the country transitions to middle-income status, Viet Nam's donors have ceased donations of contraceptive supplies, causing a large projected shortfall in the family planning budget. In response, the Ministry of Health has decided to prioritize free or subsidized contraceptives for poor and vulnerable groups, while enhancing social marketing and sales of contraceptives in the free market. To support planning for this "total market approach", a descriptive exploratory study was conducted with 38 public and private sector family planning stakeholders to gain their perceptions of the proposals. There was a high level of support for government leadership of public-private coordination and stewardship of the entire family planning system. Key information gaps were identified regarding how the reforms can promote equitable access to family planning and financial sustainability in pricing. The government's experience with this transition may yield valuable guidance for other settings. PMID:21111350

Drake, Jennifer Kidwell; Thi Thanh, Luu Huong; Suraratdecha, Chutima; Thi Thu, Ha Phan; Vail, Janet G

2010-11-01

240

Family planning services and programmes in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region.  

PubMed

This paper presents the findings of a 1999 survey of 19 countries of the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region on the family planning services and programmes in the Region. Data were collected using a questionnaire which explored the following areas: the presence of population or family planning policies and family planning activities, the family planning services available, promotional and educational activities on family planning, quality assurance, family planning data collection, analysis and dissemination, and the use of such information. The results indicate that 13 of the countries have national policies on population and family planning but even in those that do not, family planning services are widely available. The scope of the services provided varied. There is still a need to implement or strengthen family planning programmes in the Region, a need which is recognized by the countries themselves. PMID:11794067

Chichakli, L O; Atrash, H K; Musani, A S; Johnson, J T; Mahaini, R; Arnaoute, S

2000-07-01

241

Project X Accelerator R&D Plan  

SciTech Connect

Project X is a high intensity proton facility conceived to support a world-leading program in neutrino and flavor physics over the next two decades at Fermilab. Project X is an integral part of the Fermilab Roadmap as described in the Fermilab Steering Group Report. Project X is based on an 8 GeV superconducting H-linac, paired with the existing (but modified) Main Injector and Recycler Ring, to provide in excess of 2 MW of beam power throughout the energy range 60-120 GeV, simultaneous with at least 100 kW of beam power at 8 GeV. The linac utilizes technology in common with the ILC over the energy range 0.6-8.0 GeV. Beam current parameters can be made identical to ILC resulting in identical rf generation and distribution systems. This alignment of ILC and Project X technologies allows for a shared development effort. The initial 0.6 GeV of the linac draws heavily on technology developed by Argonne National Laboratory for a facility for rare isotope beams. It is anticipated that the exact configuration and operating parameters of the linac will be defined through the R&D program and will retain alignment with the ILC plan as it evolves over this period. Utilization of the Recycler Ring as an H{sup -} stripper and accumulator ring is the key element that provides the flexibility to operate the linac with the same beam parameters as the ILC. The linac operates at 5 Hz with a total of 5.6 x 10{sup 13} H{sup -} ions delivered per pulse. H{sup -} are stripped at injection into the Recycler in a manner that 'paints' the beam both transversely and longitudinally to reduce space charge forces. Following the 1 ms injection, the orbit moves off the stripping foil and circulates for 200 msec, awaiting the next injection. Following three such injections a total of 1.7 x 10{sup 14} protons are transferred in a single turn to the Main Injector. These protons are then accelerated to 120 GeV and fast extracted to a neutrino target. The Main Injector cycle takes 1.4 seconds, producing approximately 2.3 MW of beam power at 120 GeV. At lower proton energies Main Injector cycle times can be shorter, allowing a beam power above 2 MW in the range of proton energy between 60 GeV and 120 GeV. In parallel, because the loading of the Recycler only requires 0.6 seconds, up to four linac cycles are available for accumulation and distribution of 8 GeV protons from the Recycler. Total available 8 GeV beam power lies in the range of 100-200 kW, depending on the energy in the Main Injector. Primary modifications to the existing accelerator complex to support Project X include integration of an H{sup -} injection system, a new RF system, a new extraction system, and measures to mitigate electron cloud effects, in the Recycler Ring. The Main Injector would need a new RF system, measures to preserve beam stability through transition, and measures to mitigate electron cloud effects. Finally, substantial modifications to the existing NuMI target station will be required to support >2 MW operations. It is anticipated that Project X configured as described above would initially support high intensity neutrino beams to the NOvA experiment, in parallel with at least one new 8 GeV based flavor/rare decay experiment. Depending upon future directions flexibility is retained for delivering neutrinos toward the DUSEL site and/or protons into the Tevatron. The purpose of this document is to describe an R&D plan that would position the U.S. to initiate construction of Project X in the 2012 time frame, assuming a go ahead decision in roughly 2010. The organization of this document is as follows: (1) Goals - Describes goals of the R&D and preliminary design period (2008-2011). Included are design, technical development, project documentation, and organizational goals. These are described in the context of an overall set of performance goals for Project X. (2) R&D Plan Elements - Describes the essential technical elements of the plan, including major subsystem performance requirements, associated accelerator and technology issues, and the plans for add

Not Available

2008-01-31

242

[Nursing intervention in the family treatment plan for anorexia nervosa].  

PubMed

One of the main nursing interventions in the treatment of eating disorders is family psycho-education, an essential aspect of mental health treatment. This article describes and analyses the difficulties families expressed in the performance of a treatment plan for patients hospitalised for anorexia nervosa (AN) in the adolescent Day Hospital of Mental Health, of the Corporació Sanitària Parc Taulí, during 2009. Data was also collected data on professional interventions, performed by the nurse assigned to this unit, in order to group and categorise them, and as an aid to nursing intervention. A total of 10 families of the 10 patients admitted with a diagnosis of AN were included in the study period. In all cases, the patients were young women who had received treatment before in an Outpatient Unit, with partial or no response to the treatment. The difficulties expressed by the families were grouped into five categories from content analysis: problems in preparing a balanced diet, problems as they are unable to handle the behaviour and emotions of the patient, problems because as there are no previous family eating habits, problems because there is no family control or supervision, and problems with the established guidelines. Specific individualised interventions are proposed for developing and promoting a nursing care plan, and assessing the results. PMID:22104194

Torralbas-Ortega, Jordi; Puntí-Vidal, Joaquim; Arias-Núñez, Eloisa; Naranjo-Díaz, M Carmen; Palomino-Escrivá, Jezabel; Lorenzo-Capilla, Angel

2011-01-01

243

Planning for Quality Schools: Meeting the Needs of District Families. Phase One: Understanding Current School Supply and Student Enrollment Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the first phase of a three-part Quality Schools Project to help the District of Columbia create a firm analytical basis for planning for quality schools to meet the needs of the city's families. The Quality School Project is a joint effort of the DC Office of the State Superintendent of Education, the 21st Century School Fund, the…

Garrison, David; Allen, Marni; Turner, Margery; Comey, Jennifer; Williams, Barika; Guernsey, Elizabeth; Filardo, Mary; Huvendick, Nancy; Sung, Ping

2008-01-01

244

Ideally suited. Looking at the prospects of natural family planning in the Philippines today.  

PubMed

The Government of the Philippines and the Catholic Church have debated for years about family planning, specifically, artificial contraception. The Catholic Church considers natural family planning (NFP) to be the only moral way to plan families. This debate should end, now that the new government under President Ramos has included NFP in its official policy. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) promoting NFP praise this move, especially since it is the best way to reach the majority of the population which is catholic. Nevertheless, most NFP acceptors do not report the Church being their reason for choosing NFP. Medical, cultural, and intellectual reasons predominate. The Secretary of Health has hosted a conference on NFP addressing advocacy, training, service delivery, research, program coordination/management, and funding to show these NGOs that the government does indeed intend to support NGO involvement in the national family planning program. He dismisses criticism of including NFP in the program, because population growth is considerable and exclusion of any scientifically approved method is unwise. He intends for the government not to be a regulator but a facilitator of family planning programs. The government is going to accord equal weight to artificial and natural family planning methods and to provide a menu of options. Acceptors, not government, will determine the most used methods. Case studies show that well trained, qualified teachers who follow acceptors for the first few months are key to NFP effectiveness and acceptance. Projections indicate that acceptance of NFP will grow more than common artificial methods between 1992 and 1994 (increase of 1% vs. .1% for condoms and .4% for pills). NFP methods include the cervical mucus method, basal body temperature method, sympto-thermal method, and the lactational amenorrhea method. PMID:12286381

Sheniak, D; Feleo, A

1993-03-01

245

Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Married Couples in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Understanding why people do not use family planning is critical to address unmet needs and to increase contraceptive use. According to the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2011, most women and men had knowledge on some family planning methods but only about 29% of married women were using contraceptives. 20% women had an unmet need for family planning. We examined knowledge, attitudes and contraceptive practice as well as factors related to contraceptive use in Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Methods Data were collected from March to May 2010 among 854 married couples using a multi-stage sampling design. Quantitative data based on semi-structured questionnaires was triangulated with qualitative data collected during focus group discussions. We compared proportions and performed logistic regression analysis. Result The concept of family planning was well known in the studied population. Sex-stratified analysis showed pills and injectables were commonly known by both sexes, while long-term contraceptive methods were better known by women, and traditional methods as well as emergency contraception by men. Formal education was the most important factor associated with better knowledge about contraceptive methods (aOR?=?2.07, p<0.001), in particular among women (aORwomen?=?2.77 vs. aORmen?=?1.49; p<0.001). In general only 4 out of 811 men ever used contraception, while 64% and 43% females ever used and were currently using contraception respectively. Conclusion The high knowledge on contraceptives did not match with the high contraceptive practice in the study area. The study demonstrates that mere physical access (proximity to clinics for family planning) and awareness of contraceptives are not sufficient to ensure that contraceptive needs are met. Thus, projects aiming at increasing contraceptive use should contemplate and establish better counseling about contraceptive side effects and method switch. Furthermore in all family planning activities both wives' and husbands' participation should be considered.

2013-01-01

246

The Family Backpack Project: Responding to Dual-Language Texts through Family Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Family Backpack Project provided 249 low-income, prekindergarten children and their families with opportunities to read and listen to audio recordings of 3 sets of books in their homes. Families received English or dual-language texts (English plus Spanish, Arabic, Kurdish, or Somali) matched to their home languages. Children and their…

Rowe, Deborah; Fain, Jeanne Gilliam

2013-01-01

247

Business System Planning Project System Requirements Specification  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Business Systems Planning Project System Requirements Specification (SRS) is to provide the outline and contents of the requirements for the CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) integrated business and technical information systems. The SRS will translate proposed objectives into the statement of the functions that are to be performed and data and information flows that they require. The requirements gathering methodology will use (1) facilitated group requirement sessions; (2) individual interviews; (3) surveys; and (4) document reviews. The requirements will be verified and validated through coordination of the technical requirement team and CHG Managers. The SRS document used the content and format specified in Lockheed Martin Services, Inc. Organization Standard Software Practices in conjunction with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standard 8340-1984 for Systems Requirements Documents.

NELSON, R.E.

2000-09-08

248

Planning for large construction projects in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper discusses briefly some broad plans for developing the technology needed for large construction projects in space ranging from orbiting solar power stations to large communications antennas. Space construction classes include assembly of modules, deployment of compacted structures, assembly of passive preformed pieces, and fabrication of structures from sheet stock. Technological areas related to structural concepts include (1) analyses for prediction of structural behavior, structural/control interaction, electromagnetic and control performance, and integrated design development; (2) electronics for signal conditioning and data acquisition, power distribution, and signal channel interference and multipaction; (3) concepts for shape control, attitude/pointing control, and orbital transfer and station keeping; and (4) materials and techniques for 30-year dimensional stable composites, thermal control, thin-lightweight structural alloys, and material joining in space. The concept of a power module for the construction operations is discussed along with a concept for a habitability module.

Disher, J. H.

1978-01-01

249

State Family Planning Service Delivery: Administrators' Perspectives on Service Delivery and Options for Future Family Planning Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details family planning service delivery at the state level and presents state administrators' views about service delivery and policy options for the 1990s. Data for the report were obtained from telephone surveys of 109 State Administrators from the Title X, Maternal and Child Health Block Grant, Social Services Block Grant, and…

Sugland, Barbara W.; Moore, Kristin A.; Blumenthal, Connie

250

National Ignition Facility project acquisition plan revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this National Ignition Facility Acquisition Plan is to describe the overall procurement strategy planned for the National Ignition Facility M Project. It was prepared for the NIP Prood Office by the NIF Procurement Manager.

Clobes, A.R.

1996-10-01

251

PRE-QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN (QAPP) AGREEMENT (PQA) (HANDOUT)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division (LRPCD) QA Manager strives to assist LRPCD researchers in developing functional planning documents for their research projects. As part of the planning process, several pieces of information are needed, including information re...

252

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the p...

R. S. Weidert

1996-01-01

253

Male concepts: on masculinity, parenthood and family planning.  

PubMed

A 1980 study on "Masculinity/Femininity Concepts and their Bearing on the Population Program" conducted by the Manila-based Psychological Assessment and Development Corporation revealed that a man's macho image is no longer dependent on the number of children he sires but on the quality of life he provides them regardless of their number. Having many children but not being able to provide for them properly is in fact viewed as a sign of irresponsibility rather than a sign of manliness. The man is still considered the sole breadwinner of the family. Most of the male respondents are unwilling to allow their wives to work unless there is real economic need for it. Most of the men also preferred late rather than early marriage, preferably between the ages of 25 and 30. It is hoped that by this time, a man would have a steady job and a more mature outlook in life. Male respondents considered children to be essential in marriage. Their ideal family size is 4, 2 boys and 2 girls, spaced 2-3 years apart for the sake of the mother's health. Although the men acknowledged the importance of joint decision making in family planning, the fact that they place importance on family and children shows that they have a greater say on matters relating to number and spacing of children. This suggest that men should be the more important target of future family planning campaigns. The study also showed that contraceptive methods used and considered for future use are chosen solely on the basis of lack of side effects and ease of use and availability of the methods; rhythm is the most popular method, followed by the condom, the pill, and withdrawal. Future family planning campaigns should emphasize the lack of harmful effects of contraceptive methods. There were also misconceptions regarding the effects of vasectomy and ligation on sexual identity, suggesting the need for more information dissemination regarding these methods. PMID:12263978

Nolasco, A D

1981-01-01

254

Software Project Planning Associate (SPPA): A Knowledge-Based Approach for Dynamic Software Project Planning and Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software project planning can be one of the most critical activities in the modern software development process. Without a realistic and objective software project plan, the software development process cannot be managed in an effective way. Over-runs of 100-200% are common. Some software projects never deliver anything. Managers have difficulty understanding and visualizing the software development process defined in a

Ching-seh Wu; Dick B. Simmons

2000-01-01

255

Systems Engineering Management Plan. Volume 5 of the MRS Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) Project Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to define and establish the MRS Project Systems Engineering process that implements the approved policy and requirements of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for the US Department of Energy (DOE). This plan is Volume 5 of the MRS Project Management Plan (PMP). This plan provides the framework for implementation of systems engineering on the MRS Project consistent with DOE Order 4700.1, the OCRWM Program Management System Manual (PMSM), and the OCRWM Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP).

Not Available

1994-01-01

256

Fast Flux Test Facility project plan. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) Transition Project Plan, Revision 2, provides changes to the major elements and project baseline for the deactivation activities necessary to transition the FFTF to a radiologically and industrially safe shutdown condition.

Hulvey, R.K.

1995-11-01

257

Mum's the word: the Supreme Court and family planning.  

PubMed Central

On May 23, 1991, the US Supreme Court upheld federal regulations that prohibit federally funded family planning programs from counseling about or referring for abortion. As a result, government benefits may now entail substantial costs. The regulations changed the nature of government-assisted family planning from comprehensive care and counseling to limited services and government-prescribed information. The reasoning in Rust v Sullivan allows government to limit freedom of speech in federally funded programs. The decision may have been influenced by antiabortion sentiment, but it does not affect the legality of abortion. Instead, it sets a precedent for government control of whether and how health care can be discussed wherever government pays some of the bills.

Mariner, W K

1992-01-01

258

Statutory coherence and policy implementation: the case of family planning.  

PubMed

Policy theory suggests that coherent statutes--those with precise, clear goals, supported by an adequate causal theory, with clear administrative responsibilities, clear implementation rules, and assigned to committed agencies--are more likely to have their intended impact. This paper examines US family planning policies with a pooled time series analysis from 1982-88 using the Mazmanian and Sabatier policy implementation framework. Of the four family planning statutes (Title V, Title X, Title XIX, and Title XX), only Title X, the categorical grant program, meets the criteria of a coherent statute. The study reveals that a dollar spent through Title X has a much greater impact on births, abortion rates, late prenatal care, and infant neonatal mortality than does a dollar spent through other programs. The findings are strong evidence in support of designing policies with coherent statutes. PMID:12295809

Meier, K J; Mcfarlane, D R

1996-01-01

259

Fertility and family planning in rural northern Thailand.  

PubMed

From the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s, when fertility was declining in Thailand as a whole, especially rapid declines occurred in Northern Thailand, but they did not occur uniformly in all the region's provinces. The Northern Thailand Fertility Study, initiated in 1975 to study the reported fertility changes, gathered data in two provinces: Chiang Mai, where fertility decline has been quite rapid, and Chiang Rai, which experienced relatively little decline until 1974. This preliminary report discusses fertility levels and trends in the two provinces, fertility experience and expectations of respondents, attitudes toward and knowledge of family planning, and contraceptive practice. The results suggest that most of the difference in fertility decline is related to the different level of family planning program activity in the two provinces. PMID:715832

Shevasunt, S; Hogan, D P; Thaithong, K

1978-08-01

260

Fertility and family planning in Papua New Guinea.  

PubMed

This paper examines some of the data on fertility, family size and family planning from a survey conducted between November 1979 and March 1980 in 8 provinces both in rural and urban areas of Papua New Guinea (PNG). The sample consisted of 6283 male and female respondents; a total of 3986 females in the age group 15-49 and 2297 males between the ages of 20 and 54 were interviewed. About 9% of the rural and 5.4% of the urban female respondents were pregnant at the time of the interview. The higher number of pregnancies recorded for the rural population, compared to the urban, is due to longer duration of marriage and higher mean age. Both rural and urban respondents have similar attitudes to the ideal number of children. 4 and 6 children were indicated as an ideal number for the urban and rural population, respectively. The results indicate that economic pressures are being felt within the family in both urban and rural areas, and that the costs of raising children are clearly perceived, at least among the educated. Nonetheless, the majority of the population desires large numbers of children, the main reason being economic security in old age. It is also evident that the people have a negative attitude to modern methods of contraception because they are not well informed about them. The most frequently stated reason, the harmful effects on the health of the mother and future offspring, is probably one of the obstacles to their more widespread use. Though there is physical accessibility to family planning services for most urban and about 1/2 of the rural dwellers, the problems of non-use are mainly of a sociological and psychological nature. The problems include the attitude of husbands to their wives' use of contraceptives, reinforcement of culturally acceptable behavior by the extended family and community members, and the desire for more children. Although the levels of contraceptive awareness are relatively high, the overall impression is that the practice of modern contraception in both the rural and urban areas is low. Despite the rural-urban differences in educational and income levels, living conditions, and the availability of family planning services, awareness and current use are only slightly higher among the urban respondents. For family planning programs to have more impact in reducing the high fertility levels, a much more intensive program of activites is needed for the country at large. PMID:6470015

Agyei, W K

1984-07-01

261

Nutrition and Family Planning: Concepts and Approaches for Home Economics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article's three focal points are: the role nutrition can play in enhancing family planning goals; nutrition, family planning, and the adolescent; and potential approaches for home economics educators. (Author)

Rand, Catherine

1976-01-01

262

Integrated approach to family planning: Minister Peng Peiyun stresses transitions.  

PubMed

This article on the Integrated Approach to family planning in China defines the concept, states the aims, and discusses the nature of implementation. Major achievements and future challenges due to population growth are identified. The government aims in the 1996-2000 five-year plan to improve socioeconomic conditions in China. The preceding five-year plan was successful in checking rapid population growth and achieving replacement level fertility. In order to achieve continued socioeconomic development, it is argued that population must remain below 1.3 billion people by the year 2000 and 1.4 billion by the year 2010. Without a check on population growth, it is expected that environmental conditions will decline and the quality of life for rural workers will be "severely retarded." Presently there are about 65 million farmers who are impoverished and living in remote and backward areas without sufficient food and clothing. The family planning program agenda for 1995-2000 includes the integration of population issues in the general strategy for socioeconomic development. Minister Peng credits the past international conferences on women, social development, and population with providing valuable documents for working out a more comprehensive strategy for handling population issues. Family planning programs must strive to reduce fertility, focus on economic development, remove poverty, protect the balance between population and the environment, protect the environment and establish reasonable use patterns of natural resources, provide universal education, develop health services, and improve social security. Women's status should be improved. Greater attention must be paid to maternal and child health, economic development, farmer's survival needs, and agricultural problems. PMID:12291339

1996-02-01

263

Tank waste remediation system privatization phase 1 infrastructure project W-519, project execution plan  

SciTech Connect

This Project Execution Plan (PEP) defines the overall strategy, objectives, and contractor management requirements for the execution phase of Project W-519 (98-D403), Privatization Phase 1 Infrastructure Support, whose mission is to effect the required Hanford site infrastructure physical changes to accommodate the Privatization Contractor facilities. This plan provides the project scope, project objectives and method of performing the work scope and achieving objectives. The plan establishes the work definitions, the cost goals, schedule constraints and roles and responsibilities for project execution. The plan also defines how the project will be controlled and documented.

Parazin, R.J.

1998-08-28

264

Mini-Muddling: Learning from Project Plan Deviations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of the informal and incidental learning that takes place in project work among individuals who must adapt to deviations from project plans. Design/methodology/approach: Reflections in the study are built on four power plant projects found in an integrated provider of projects of this…

Hallgren, Markus; Wilson, Timothy L.

2007-01-01

265

Family Medicine Curriculum Resource Project: Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2000, the Health Resources and Services Administration, in the interest of fostering curriculum reform in medical schools, awarded a 4-year contract to the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine to develop a curricular resource. The contract directed development of a multi-part resource aimed at (1) preclerkship prerequisites for third-year clerkships in collaboration with internal medicine and pediatrics, (2) the

Ardis K. Davis; Jeffrey A. Stearns; Alexander W. Chessman; Paul M. Paulman; David J. Steele; Roger A. Sherwood

266

Family medicine curriculum resource project: overview.  

PubMed

In 2000, the Health Resources and Services Administration, in the interest of fostering curriculum reform in medical schools, awarded a 4-year contract to the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine to develop a curricular resource. The contract directed development of a multi-part resource aimed at (1) preclerkship prerequisites for third-year clerkships in collaboration with internal medicine and pediatrics, (2) the family medicine clerkship, (3) post-clerkship preparation for residency training, and (4) specific special topic areas of importance to the government. The Family Medicine Curriculum Resource (FMCR) was produced by primary care educators, with day-to-day direction from an executive committee and overall oversight by an advisory committee. The FMCR was built around a theoretical framework to link medical student competencies with the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies for residency training. Considerable energy throughout development of the FMCR was devoted to obtaining input from potential end-user audiences through an active dissemination effort. PMID:17186443

Davis, Ardis K; Stearns, Jeffrey A; Chessman, Alexander W; Paulman, Paul M; Steele, David J; Sherwood, Roger A

2007-01-01

267

Ethical issues in U.S. family planning policy.  

PubMed

2 concepts are central to the ethics of government family planning policies in the US: the goal of equality for women depends on control over their reproductive lives; and the Constitution protects liberty and privacy. Both of these considerations are grounded on constitutional principles that recognize the primacy of individual decision making, particularly when that decision making involves religious, ethical, or moral choices about private areas of one's life. The guarantee of individual liberty requires that both privacy and personal choice prevail over the mandatory imposition of a family planning policy for either demographic, religious, or ideological reasons. The Supreme Court, when it overturned restrictive abortion laws in 1973, based its decision on the constitutional right of privacy. Poor women and minors are particularly vulnerable to restrictions in the areas of family planning and reproductive health. For both of these classes of women, the ability to make choices has been diminished by such legal requirements as mandatory parental involvement or by the withdrawal of public funds for contraceptive or abortion services. For those persons who must depend on public assistance for medical care, legal restrictions on how public money is spent can be as effective as outright prohibitions. Nor are physicians exempt from financial restrictions. If doctors who counseled patients about family planning or provided them with contraceptives were rendered ineligible from government benefits, the effect would be similar to that of making the activities illegal. In 1976 Congress virtually ended public funding for abortion services, although it continues to fund all other legal and medically necessary services. Through financial restrictions, the US family planning policy treats poor women in a discriminatory manner. Although the Supreme Court has stated that minors have a right to both contraceptives and abortion, minors as a class enjoy less constitutional protection than adult women. Consequently, minors' rights to confidential reproductive health care are increasingly being limited. The articulated purpose of laws restricting minors' confidentiality is to involve parents and thus somehow enhance the "wisdom" of a minor's decision, but such laws have an impact that is punitive. In June 1983 the Supreme Court reaffirmed its 1973 decision when it ruled that the government cannot interfere with a woman's "fundamental right to the highly personal choice whether or not to terminate her pregnancy." PMID:12338973

Benshoof, J

1983-08-01

268

Factors affecting unmet need for family planning in Eastern Sudan  

PubMed Central

Background In the developing countries millions of women in the reproductive age who don’t use contraceptives prefer to postpone or limit their birth. This indicates their failure to take necessary decision to prevent and avoid unwanted pregnancy. Methods A community-based cross sectional household survey was conducted to investigate unmet need for family planning and associated factors and total demand for family planning in Kassala, Eastern Sudan between 1st May and 31st July 2012. Results A total of 812 married women were enrolled in this study. Their mean age and parity was 31.8 (7.3) and 3.4 (1.8) respectively. Ever use of contraception was 25.4% (206/812) and 26.2% (213/812) were currently using contraception. Unmet need for spacing was 15.1% while unmet need for limiting was 0.7%. The pregnant and amenorrheic women whose the pregnancy or birth was unwanted and mistimed were 105 (13%) and 130 (16%) respectively. Using Westoff model the total unmet need was estimated as 44.8%. The total demand for family planning was 71%. In logistic regression model, while age, age at marriage, parity, residence and experience of child death were not associated with total unmet need for family planning, women education < secondary level (OR=7.8; CI=5.6-10.9; P=0.00), husband education < secondary level (OR=1.9; CI=1.3-2.6, P = 0.00) and woman’s occupation; housewife (OR=4.3; CI=2.5-7.2; P=0.00) were associated with the total unmet need. Conclusions Unmet need for family planning in Eastern Sudan was significantly higher among women with less than secondary education. Also; it is influenced by couple’s educational status and woman’s occupation. The results of this study necessitate the need for the programme managers to take into account the concept of reproductive health education.

2013-01-01

269

World population growth, family planning, and American foreign policy.  

PubMed

The US decision since the 1960s to link foreign policy with family planning and population control is noteworthy for its intention to change the demographic structure of foreign countries and the magnitude of the initiative. The current population ideologies are part of the legacy of 19th century views on science, morality, and political economy. Strong constraints were placed on US foreign policy since World War II, particularly due to presumptions about the role of developing countries in Cold War ideology. Domestic debates revolved around issues of feminism, birth control, abortion, and family political issues. Since the 1960s, environmental degradation and resource depletion were an added global dimension of US population issues. Between 1935 and 1958 birth control movements evolved from the ideologies of utopian socialists, Malthusians, women's rights activists, civil libertarians, and advocates of sexual freedom. There was a shift from acceptance of birth control to questions about the role of national government in supporting distribution of birth control. Immediately postwar the debates over birth control were outside political circles. The concept of family planning as a middle class family issue shifted the focus from freeing women from the burdens of housework to making women more efficient housewives. Family planning could not be taken as a national policy concern without justification as a major issue, a link to national security, belief in the success of intervention, and a justifiable means of inclusion in public policy. US government involvement began with agricultural education, technological assistance, and economic development that would satisfy the world's growing population. Cold War politics forced population growth as an issue to be considered within the realm of foreign policy and diplomacy. US government sponsored family planning was enthusiastic during 1967-74 but restrained during the 1980s. The 1990s has been an era of redefinition of the issues and increased divisiveness among environmentalists, feminists, and population control advocates. The current justification of US population program assistance is based on concern for the health of women and children. Future changes will be dependent on ideology, theology, and political philosophy. PMID:12346346

Sharpless, J

1995-01-01

270

River Protection Project (RPP) Environmental Program Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Environmental Program Plan was developed in support of the Integrated Environment, Safety, and Health Management System Plan (ISMS) (RPP-MP-003), which establishes a single, defined environmental, safety, and health management system that integrates requirements into the work planning and execution processes to protect workers, the public, and the environment. The ISMS also provides mechanisms for increasing worker involvement in work

2000-01-01

271

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client\\/server ATMS software.

Weidert; Westinghouse Hanford

1996-01-01

272

Project READ's Handbook Documenting a Coalition's Strategic Planning Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a case study of Project READ (Reading Education for Adults in Dayton), this handbook presents a strategic planning model for use by nonprofit groups. Its emphasis is on developing strategic cooperative plans. The handbook is organized in three main sections. The first section describes Project READ, its history, personnel and funding,…

Hillman, Jan; Moore, Deby

273

Reactor Safety Planning for Prometheus Project, for Naval Reactors Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this letter is to submit to Naval Reactors the initial plan for the Prometheus project Reactor Safety work. The Prometheus project is currently developing plans for cold physics experiments and reactor prototype tests. These tests and facilities may require safety analysis and siting support. In addition to the ground facilities, the flight reactor units will require unique

P. Delmolino

2005-01-01

274

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client/server ATMS software.

Weidert, R.S., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-05-20

275

Assessing the Impact of a Family Planning Nurse Training Program in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of the impact of a nurse training program for family planning that stresses the development of nurses' counseling skills. Found an association between improved family planning training for nurses and positive changes in family planning knowledge, attitudes, and behavior among women attending Egyptian Ministry of Health clinics.…

Halawa, M.; And Others

1995-01-01

276

Workshop Planning Manual for Teacher Inservice Education in Personal and Family Financial Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inservice training of secondary teachers in the consumer economics areas of personal and family financial planning has been identified as a prime need. Responsibility for providing inservice programs in both content and methods of teaching consumer education rests, in part, on colleges of education. This manual was developed to be a guide for…

Lloyd, Janice Holm; Gunther, Marilyn

277

45 CFR 286.70 - Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Who submits a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.70 Section 286.70 Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2013-10-01

278

45 CFR 286.165 - How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true How is a Tribal Family Assistance Plan amended? 286.165...286.165 Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2013-10-01

279

Soil Management Plan For The Potable Water System Upgrades Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This plan describes and applies to the handling and management of soils excavated in support of the Y-12 Potable Water Systems Upgrades (PWSU) Project. The plan is specific to the PWSU Project and is intended as a working document that provides guidance consistent with the 'Soil Management Plan for the Oak Ridge Y-12 National Security Complex' (Y\\/SUB\\/92-28B99923C-Y05) and the 'Record

Field

2007-01-01

280

[1985-1992: after seven years of the Population / Family Planning Program in the Gitarama prefecture: status and prospects].  

PubMed

In Gitarama district, Rwanda, the Regional Office through its population/family planning program begun in 1985 provides a training session called Training of Family Planning Motivators in the Immediate Postpartum for persons working in agricultural projects. The Office in collaboration with the agricultural project of Gitarama has also organized training in integration of the population variable in agricultural popularization. Participants in this training recruit acceptors and direct them to health centers to receive contraceptive methods. In terms of sensitization activities, the Regional Office of Gitarama helps organize seminars and conferences and debates in secondary schools and during Umuganda in some communes where family planning use is very low. It will provide two training sessions for secondary school teachers to improve the level of knowledge about population. In collaboration with others, the Regional Office plans on implementing a population education program for primary schools. The population/family planning program has the support of many groups and authorities. Family planning use has increased in Gitarama from 0% in 1985 to 13.1% in November 1991. During August-November 1991, the number of new family planning acceptors decreased from 1005 to 699, reaching the lowest number in October (541). Some obstacles include poor management of services at health centers, attitude of health center staff that family planning is not a priority, and breaks in contraceptive supplies. Some recommendations to improve the program and to increase contraceptive use include special attention to school programs, strengthening the network of educators, and training of health center leaders in health service management. PMID:12290187

Semana, E

1992-04-01

281

Urban men and their participation in family planning.  

PubMed

The study explores the issues relating to family planning method use by males in urban areas. Key informant interviews were held with men and women residing in selected wards of four randomly chosen zones in the Dhaka City Corporation, representing both slum and non-slum areas. Ward commissioners and a sample of health and family planning service providers in the Government, NGOs, and private sector in these wards were also interviewed in two phases in June-July 1995 and October 1995. The urban population in Dhaka seemed supportive of male contraceptive use in general. However, certain factors interplay that prevent men from assuming responsibility toward actual male method use, even when they approve and support spacing and limiting family size. The discomfort associated with the use of condoms, their unreliability in providing protection from pregnancy, together with misconceptions and perceptions relating to the fear of losing energy and productivity from using condoms and from being vasectomized, were reported. Recommendations to use the media for motivation and to provide privacy and individual counseling measures were given. The perspectives of the key respondents highlight the need to understand urban men and their attitudes, which may pave the way toward developing motivational strategies. An informed public in urban areas represents a setting conducive toward motivating men to improve achievements of a program that largely attributes its past and present success to targeting women. The findings justify exploring ways to expand choices for the urban couple to achieve reproductive health goals. PMID:12291501

Jahan, S A; Thwin, A A; Nasreen, S; Ahsan, R I

1996-01-01

282

Family Relationships and Advance Care Planning: Do Supportive and Critical Relations Encourage or Hinder Planning?  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The effectiveness of advance care planning (ACP) may depend on family members’ understanding of patient preferences. However, we know of no studies that explore the association between family relationship dynamics and ACP. ACP includes a living will, durable power of attorney for health care (DPAHC) appointment, and discussions. We evaluated the effects of three aspects of family relations—general family functioning, support and criticism from spouse, and support and criticism from children—on both overall ACP and specific DPAHC designations. Method. Using multinomial logistic regression models and data from a sample of 293 older adults, we estimated the effects of family relationship quality on the likelihood of completing ACP and appointing a spouse or adult child as DPAHC. Analyses controlled for demographic and health characteristics. Results. Better overall family functioning increased the odds of ACP. Higher levels of spousal support increased the odds of holding informal discussions, whereas spousal criticism reduced the odds of naming one’s spouse as DPAHC. Both criticism and emotional support from children increased the odds that a child was named as DPAHC. Discussion. Family dynamics affect ACP in complex ways and should be considered when patients and their families discuss end-of-life care and make DPAHC designations.

2013-01-01

283

Why does project planning fail; A look at the basics of planning in an era of sophisticated project control tools  

SciTech Connect

The technology of project controls have become increasingly sophisticated. Some say that the technological advancements of the Nineteen-Eighties represented a maturation of project control tools. Others say that the advancements were merely bells and whistles that added little or nothing to the project management process. Above it all, as we enter the Nineties, there is a popular outcry to get back to the basics of planning. The genesis of this outcry is the sobering impact of significant cost overruns and schedule extensions, even on projects that have employed the most advanced project control tools and systems. This paper examines the merits of taking a strategic approach to the project planning process. Within that context, there are basic goals of planning which are enduring through the life cycle of the project. Key reasons for failure and inability to achieve the goals of project planning are explained. By examining the goals of project planning and the reasons for failure, insight is provided into the role of project controls specialists and sophisticated project control tools in meeting the challenges of complex project management in the 1990's.

Foley, M. (Liberty Consulting Group, Atlanta, GA (US)); Luciano, G. (Cleveland Electric Illuminating Co., OH (United States))

1991-01-01

284

Preliminary Project Execution Plan for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project  

SciTech Connect

This preliminary project execution plan (PEP) defines U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) project objectives, roles and responsibilities of project participants, project organization, and controls to effectively manage acquisition of capital funds for construction of a proposed remote-handled low-level waste (LLW) disposal facility at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The plan addresses the policies, requirements, and critical decision (CD) responsibilities identified in DOE Order 413.3B, 'Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets.' This plan is intended to be a 'living document' that will be periodically updated as the project progresses through the CD process to construction and turnover for operation.

David Duncan

2011-05-01

285

A simulation framework to support software project (re)planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning and replanning software projects involves selecting activities according to organisational policies, project goals and contexts, deciding how to effect the activities, and dealing with uncertainty in activity outputs. There is at the present time no general model to support project managers with all of these tasks. The contributions of this paper are to propose a set of properties that

Diana Kirk; Stephen G. Macdonell

2009-01-01

286

Medicaid family planning expansions and related preventive care.  

PubMed

I examined the impact of state expansions in eligibility for Medicaid family planning services on the utilization of Papanicolaou (Pap) tests, clinical breast examinations, HIV testing, and routine doctor check-ups among women aged 21 to 44 years using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (1993-2009). Using a natural experiment approach, I found significant increases in Pap tests and clinical breast examinations among women eligible for services under the expansions but no significant change in HIV testing or routine doctor check-ups. PMID:23865669

Wherry, Laura R

2013-09-01

287

Family planning in Brazil: why not tubal sterilisation during childbirth?  

PubMed

Sterilisation is the most desired method of contraception worldwide. In 1996, the Brazilian Congress approved a family planning law that legitimised female and male sterilisation, but forbade sterilisation during childbirth. As a result of this law, procedures currently occur in a clandestine nature upon payment. Despite the law, sterilisations continue to be performed during caesarean sections. The permanence of the method is an important consideration; therefore, information about other methods must be made available. Tubal sterilisation must not be the only choice. We argue that review of this restriction will not contribute to the increase in caesarean sections but will allow for greater sterilisation choice for men and women. PMID:23362330

Soares, Leila Cristina; Brollo, Jorge Luiz Alves

2013-11-01

288

Reproductive rights, family planning: a cornerstone of control.  

PubMed

The main objective of the action plan for the International Conference on Population and Development is to assure access to high quality information and reproductive health care services in a manner that is affordable, acceptable, and convenient. Informed choice should be voluntary for childbearing and fertility control decisions. Services must be sensitive to the cultural, economic, and demographic diversity of local communities. The target date for countries to implement family planning (FP) and reproductive health programs that are available to all is 2015. Programs must involve women in all phases of planning, management, and delivery of services; outreach programs must be developed to involve men. Public and private FP programs should be directed to removing all obstacles to method use by the year 2005 by redesigning and expanding information and services. IEC (information, education, and communication) should also focus on sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS. Programs should provide high quality condoms from stock on hand. About 55% of couples in developing countries use some form of contraception. The increase in contraceptive use has contributed to the decline in total fertility from 6.1 children per woman in the 1950s to 3.7 in the 1990s. At least 350 million couples still lack access to modern FP methods. The draft plan emphasizes that couples must be given the freedom and responsibility to decide on the number and spacing of their children. PMID:12289933

1994-09-01

289

Finance and supply management project execution plan  

SciTech Connect

As a subproject of the HANDI 2000 project, the Finance and Supply Management system is intended to serve FDH and Project Hanford major subcontractor with financial processes including general ledger, project costing, budgeting, and accounts payable, and supply management process including purchasing, inventory and contracts management. Currently these functions are performed with numerous legacy information systems and suboptimized processes.

BENNION, S.I.

1999-02-10

290

Family planning in developing nations: a global concern, our concern.  

PubMed

Rapid population growth is a serious problem in many developing countries and family planning policies developed in response to the problem raise many ethical issues; home economists can help the citizens in their respective countries increase their knowledge of population dynamics and help them assess the ethical implications of population and family planning policies. Most developing countries have high population growth rates. The annual population growth rates for 1975-79 were 2.8% for Africa, 2.6% for Latin America, and 2.1% for Asia. Population grows exponentially: a population growing at an annual rate of 3% increases. 1900% in a century. If current population trends continue the world's population will stablize toward the end of the 21st century at about 10 billion persons, compared to the world's present population of 4.3 billion. Rapid population growth not only threatens the future welfare of society as a whole, but currently impedes the economic development of the world's poorest nations. Consequently, the governments in many developing countries have adopted vigorous family planning programs. It is difficult to reduce population growth in developing countries because these countries have a high proportion of young people in their populations, i.e., a high number of persons of reproductive age. Barriers to family planning acceptance include 1) high illiteracy rates 2) high infant mortality rates 3) the high economic and socialvalue placed on children in developing countries and 4)religious beliefs. Methods used by governments to alter population growth include 1) manipulating access to contraceptives, 2)developing programs to alter social determinants of fertility, 3) using propaganda to encourage or discourage birth control and repressing information contrary to the government's policies, 4) offering incentives to those who further government policies and imposing disincentives on those who do not comply with government policies, and 5) exerting political pressure to force individual to comply with the govermnent's policies. The use of some of these methods raises ethical issues. When does pressure become coercion? Is coecion justified by the need to ensure the future welfare of the world? In India, sterilization was promoted by making payments to sterilization acceptors and promoters and to physicians who performed sterilizations. In Taiwan, savings deposits were made for children of couples with 1 or 2 children, and the deposits were decreased in additional childred were born. In China incentives, disincentives, and polititcal and peer pressure are used to promote the governt's family planning policies. Do these strong measures lead to infaticide and to the abuse of children whose births result in economic loss for other family members? Do they violate human rights? These issues should be discussed in home economics classes, and additional efforts must be made to ensure that male students are also provided with population information. Home economists can promote the critical assessment of the population problem and its solutions. PMID:12339668

Harriman, L

1984-01-01

291

Projecting Educational Programs and Planning Educational Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews how the educational planner can examine trends in society and education and relate them to facility planning. The following trends are examined: (1) societal; (2) school curriculum; (3) instruction; and (4) educational technology. (MLF)

Babineau, Raymond E.

1989-01-01

292

[Family planning as a basic tool for development].  

PubMed

The family planning (FP) concept has traditionally been, and is closely related to, sexual and reproductive health. At the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994, FP is recognized as a health strategy that, properly applied, can contribute to the development of nations. Over the past years we have found that the benefits are not only aimed at preventing unwanted pregnancies, there by preventing induced abortions and maternal death, but it also improves child health, facilitating access to education for children in the world, it promotes the empowerment of women not only in the workplace but also in other areas such as politics and thus, the concept of gender; it helps to reduce poverty by stimulating economic development and increasing the standard of living of people . This means that it not only contributes to one but to the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Despite the evidence of its benefits, there are still social, cultural, political or religious barriers that cause an unmet need in Family Planning, which does not respect the right of individuals to choose and decide the number of children they want, and prevent the experience of a healthy sexuality. PMID:24100824

Gutiérrez, Miguel

2013-07-01

293

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Surface Project: Project plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA) [Public Law (PL) 95-604, 42 United States Code (USC) 7901], hereinafter referred to as the ``Act,`` authorizes the US Department of Energy (DOE) to stabilize and control surface tailings and ground water contamination. To fulfill this mission, the DOE has established two projects under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office. The Ground Water Project was established in April 1991 as a major project and a separate project plan will be prepared for that portion of the mission. This project plan covers the UMTRA Surface Project, a major system acquisition (MSA).

Not Available

1993-08-11

294

Preliminary Project Execution Plan for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This preliminary project execution plan (PEP) defines U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) project objectives, roles and responsibilities of project participants, project organization, and controls to effectively manage acquisition of capital funds for construction of a proposed remote-handled low-level waste (LLW) disposal facility at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The plan addresses the policies, requirements, and critical decision (CD) responsibilities identified

David Duncan

2011-01-01

295

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-03-12

296

National Security Technology Incubator Action Plan. National Security Preparedness Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the action plan for developing the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI) program for southern New Mexico. The NSTI program is being developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by Department ...

2008-01-01

297

Project Plan: Web-Based Assessment of Screener Competency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project plan describes the development of a web-based On-the-Job Training test and Screener Multi-faceted Assessment Recurrent Test to assess checkpoint screener X-ray image interpretation skills.

S. B. Morgan

2001-01-01

298

Plan for extensive energy project with forty windmills  

SciTech Connect

Dutch electricity production companies have highly advanced plans for an extensive wind energy project. They call for a park of thirty to forty middle sized windmills which would have to produce a total of 10,000 kilowatts of electricity.

Not Available

1982-04-01

299

On the integration of fighting poverty with family planning work.  

PubMed

New approaches to family planning (FP) are being applied in poor areas of China. Poverty programs are being integrated into FP programs. The current situation reveals that 679 poor counties were helped to increase per capita income. Between 1986 and 1988, per capita income of farmers rose from 245 yuan to 331.1 yuan, or a 14.2% increase. Between 1985-88, the population earning 200 yuan dropped from 64.54 million to 22.565 million, or from 39.5% to 9.9% of the total population. The reason given for poverty is unchecked population growth. Poverty is concentrated in 8 provinces and autonomous regions. This population also has a total fertility rate for married women of childbearing age of 3.0 compared with 2.47 nationally. 7 out of the 8 provinces are known to be ethnic border provinces that are economically and educationally backward. The approach to fighting poverty is to develop production with assistance from the state and society. Difficulties involve a high dependency ratio and the lower accumulation of family wealth. In 32 counties in Sichuan, survey results reveal 15.4% fewer working age persons in poor families, and the dependency ratio in poor families an average of 34.2 higher. A successful integrated program occurred in the mountainous areas of Jinzhai County of Anhui Province. Population had soared from 320,000 in the 1950s to 546,000 in 1978. Children/family varied from 3-5 to 9-10. A policy to require approval of a 2nd birth only after income reaches 300 yuan was implemented. For those practicing FP, economic development is provided. Between 1979-89, the birth rate of Jinzhai County dropped from 17.69/1000 to 12.67/1000, and the natural increase from 11.45/1000 to 7.1/1000. Quality of life had improved such that by 1989 90.1% of poor families had enough food and clothing. The net per capita income was 301 yuan in 1989. The ways in which FP and fighting poverty can be integrated are fourfold. 1) It must be part of the overall strategy of socioeconomic development, with FP in the target management of responsibility system and contract responsibility system. 2) Consistency is required between programs. Family income should be a requirement for additional children and economic support provided for those responding. 3) Measures to prevent additional unplanned births must be provided. 4) Good coordination of departments requires FP officials in poverty programs and vice versa. PMID:12285199

Zhou, H

1991-10-01

300

Comprehensive Cost Planning Yields Successful Tech Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author calls for librarians to find ways to implement technology projects with very limited budgets and to consider all the cost components of a technology project amidst the economic pressures. The author offers some perspective on what is involved in trying to accomplish important work with limited resources while…

Breeding, Marshall

2006-01-01

301

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document is a rewrite of the draft ``C`` that was agreed to ``in principle`` by SNF Project level 2 managers on EDT 609835, dated March 1995 (not released). The implementation process philosphy was changed in keeping with the ongoing reengineering of the WHC Controlled Manuals to achieve configuration management within the SNF Project.

Reilly, M.A.

1995-06-09

302

Boise planning to expand thermal heating project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sponsors of a $15 million geothermal project predict that commercial firms in downtown Boise, Idaho will be able to cut their heating bills by 20 to 50%. The project is sponsored jointly by the local water district and the DOE. The Boise geothermal resource low mineral and contaminate content permits the use of off-the-shelf equipment, although there is disagreement

Murnane

1979-01-01

303

Final Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Characterization QA Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) has been prepared for waste characterization activities to be conducted by the Transuranic (TRU) Project at the Hanford Site to meet requirements set forth in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plan (WIPP) Hazardous Waste Facility Permit, 4890139088-TSDF, Attachment B, including Attachments B1 through B6 (WAP) (DOE, 1999a). The QAPjP describes the waste characterization requirements and

2000-01-01

304

The impact on project success of using technology in modern project planning and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact the use of technological tools for project planning and control have on project success. The paper is based on data and conclusions from two earlier international studies involving a wide range of project types and respondents with different stakeholder perspectives. The first study concluded that evaluating project success tended to use rather narrowly focused measures

Svein-Arne Jessen

2011-01-01

305

Health posts: providers of basic health care and family planning in the rural areas.  

PubMed

The integrated project was introduced in in Korea in 1977 to raise the family planning practice rate by integrating parasite control and nutrition programs with family planning and thereby help enhance the health and living standard of community residents. A new integrated approach was introduced in 1984 to provide health services including basic health care and preventive medication through primary health posts in remote rural areas. Several strategies were adopted including: strengthening the functions of the steering committees at various levels; consolidating cooperative relationships between the government and related organization; and conducting training and educational activities to generate positive participation of the community volunteers in the integrated program. Of 3483 eligible couples, 2446 (70.2%) practiced family planning in 1983. In May 1985, the rate increased to 75%. Of 10,381 persons examined, 813 persons (7.9%) suffered from parasite infection in 1983, but the rate decreased to 5.8% in May 1985. An effort to improve environmental sanitation resulted in housing improvement, latrine improvement, kitchen improvement, and piped water supply. Despite manpower shortage and financial difficulties, the 11 community health practitioners (CHPs) have been active in various project activities, including health education on nutrition improvement, maternal health service, child healt service, and medical treatment. To further expand and develop the project, more primary health posts now engage in activities such as providing IEC materials to publicize the function and role of the primary health posts, fully utilize village health workers to motivate community residents and secure basic facilities and medical supplies and provide necessary manpower. PMID:12313891

Yang, J M

1985-10-01

306

Columbia River Channel Improvement Project Rock Removal Blasting: Monitoring Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a monitoring plan to evaluate take as outlined in the National Marine Fisheries Service 2002 Biological Opinion for underwater blasting to remove rock from the navigation channel for the Columbia River Channel Improvement Project. The plan was prepared by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Portland District.

Carlson, Thomas J.; Johnson, Gary E.

2010-01-29

307

Jackson County Family Day Care Project Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides an overview of a 2-year project aimed at developing an introductory-level training and educational support program for family day care providers in Jackson County, Missouri. The report describes participant characteristics, curriculum development, provider recruitment efforts, formative and summative evaluation procedures and…

Vartuli, Sue

308

Guidance and Control Software Project Data - Volume 1: Planning Documents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project was the last in a series of software reliability studies conducted at Langley Research Center between 1977 and 1994. The technical results of the GCS project were recorded after the experiment was completed. Some of the support documentation produced as part of the experiment, however, is serving an unexpected role far beyond its original project context. Some of the software used as part of the GCS project was developed to conform to the RTCA/DO-178B software standard, "Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification," used in the civil aviation industry. That standard requires extensive documentation throughout the software development life cycle, including plans, software requirements, design and source code, verification cases and results, and configuration management and quality control data. The project documentation that includes this information is open for public scrutiny without the legal or safety implications associated with comparable data from an avionics manufacturer. This public availability has afforded an opportunity to use the GCS project documents for DO-178B training. This report provides a brief overview of the GCS project, describes the 4-volume set of documents and the role they are playing in training, and includes the planning documents from the GCS project. Volume 1 contains five appendices: A. Plan for Software Aspects of Certification for the Guidance and Control Software Project; B. Software Development Standards for the Guidance and Control Software Project; C. Software Verification Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; D. Software Configuration Management Plan for the Guidance and Control Software Project; and E. Software Quality Assurance Activities.

Hayhurst, Kelly J. (Editor)

2008-01-01

309

Cuba Transition Project: Cuba: Fundamental Telecommunications Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the existing telephone network in Cuba, to recommend an interim plan for Cubas essential communications with the rest of the world (after a transition from the current government), and to provide an order-of-magnit...

M. Cereijo

2003-01-01

310

Pathfinder Project: Five-Year Strategic Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 5-year strategic plan (prepared in 1994) from Pellissippi State Technical Community College in Tennessee examines macro environmental factors (including social, government, economic and technological trends); internal and external market share trends and opportunities; micro environmental factors (including organizational structure, financial…

Pellissippi State Technical Community Coll., Knoxville, TN.

311

Education Vouchers Study & Planning Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the final summary report for an experimental program intended to plan, implement, and evaluate an educational voucher system in the New Hampshire communities of Allenstown, Candia, Deerfield, Hollis, Hooksett, and Salem. Separate sections of the report discuss the purpose of the voucher program, the background of the program,…

Severance, Melvin J., III

312

Mobil plans Iron River pilot project  

SciTech Connect

In 1982, a steam stimulation program was begun in the Iron River area of the Cold Lake Deposit. By 1985 Mobil had expanded the test program from two to eleven wells and had constructed a facility for treating produced fluids. In 1986, as a result of achieving sustained oil rates and steam/oil ratios, Mobil decided to develop a steam stimulation pilot project at Iron River. The proposed pilot project will consist of a 10 acre pad development with 23 directional and slant wells on an eight and four acre spacing within a 160 acre site. The project is expected to produce 1450 barrels of oil per day. Through expansion, the existing battery facility will be able to handle the expected oil and water volumes. Assuming government approvals, construction and drilling could begin during the summer of 1987 with production beginning in 1988. The pilot project is expected to operate for a minimum of five years.

Not Available

1987-03-01

313

National Energy Policy Plan projections to 2010  

SciTech Connect

Alternative scenario projections based upon different economic growth and energy market assumptions are given. Despite the uncertainties, these projections and other recent private and government energy studies provide some converging views about future energy trends. Although the outlook for future world oil prices is highly uncertain, most analysts now agree that world oil prices probably will fall or remain constant in real terms until the late 1980's, barring a significant oil supply disruption. Beyond 1990, the outlook becomes increasingly uncertain.

Not Available

1985-12-01

314

Yield model development project implementation plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tasks remaining to be completed are summarized for the following major project elements: (1) evaluation of crop yield models; (2) crop yield model research and development; (3) data acquisition processing, and storage; (4) related yield research: defining spectral and/or remote sensing data requirements; developing input for driving and testing crop growth/yield models; real time testing of wheat plant process models) and (5) project management and support.

Ambroziak, R. A.

1982-01-01

315

Environmentally Sound Small-Scale Water Projects. Guidelines for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is the second volume in a series of publications on community development programs. Guidelines are suggested for small-scale water projects that would benefit segments of the world's urban or rural poor. Strategies in project planning, implementation and evaluation are presented that emphasize environmental conservation and promote…

Tillman, Gus

316

The Upper Peninsula Multi-District Planning Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Upper Peninsula Multi-District Planning Project was designed to provide analysis of large quantities of data postulated to have some bearing on student achievement and educational programs. It provided a means by which educational progress in Michigan's upper peninsula could be assessed. A brief history of the project is followed by a…

Egelston, Richard; And Others

317

[Marital and sex counseling in a family planning center].  

PubMed

The activities and organization of a Geneva family planning and counseling center are described. People consult this center most commonly about the following subjects: contraception, unwanted pregnancies, marital conflicts and sexual dysfunction. 3 aspects of the center's activities may be distinguished: information, mostly provided through the telephone, counseling, and sex therapy. This article describes the 1st 2 aspects of the centre's work, with examples of counseling. Information is provided with the help of diagrams; models; books which may be borrowed for free; plus films; slides; and various types of audio-visual equipment. The number of couples who come to the center with sexual problems is increasing. In most cases, the sexual problem is mainly due to an interpersonal relationship problem. On the other hand, questions on fertility often reveal the existence of a sexual problem. PMID:1006004

Coulondre, P; Hope, H; Imfeld, E; Pasini, W

1976-04-01

318

Upper Mechanicville Hydroelectric Redevelopment Project: project-management plan. Small-Scale Hydroelectric Power Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Project Management Plan (PMP) is to define the project objectives, the organizational composition of the management team, the responsibilities of all participants in the project, the project controls to be implemented, and the required reports and meetings. The New York State Electric and Gas (NYSEG) Upper Mechanicville Hydroelectric Plant is a key element in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Low-Head Hydroelectric Power Demonstration Program. This project will be funded under Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC07-80ID12117 which terminates on December 1, 1985. This project involves the redevelopment of an abandoned and dismantled hydroelectric power generating facility. Redevelopment of the site involves the construction of the Upper Mechanicville Power Plant which will consist of two (2) vertical shaft adjustable blade Kaplan type turbines coupled to two (2) electric generators and controls. The power plant will be located in an existing intake power canal located on the west bank of the Hudson River. The power canal extends downstream from the west abutment of the existing dam owned and operated by the New York State Department of Transportation (DOT) as part of Lock No. 3 of the Champlain Division, New York State Barge Canal System. The two units are capable of providing a combined, continuous output of 16.8 MW.

Not Available

1982-07-01

319

Safe teleradiology: information assurance as project planning methodology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This project demonstrates use of OCTAVE, an information security risk assessment method, as an approach to the safe design and planning of a teleradiology system. By adopting this approach to project planning, we intended to provide evidence that including information security as an intrinsic component of project planning improves information assurance and that using information assurance as a planning tool produces and improves the general system management plan. Several considerations justify this approach to planning a safe teleradiology system. First, because OCTAVE was designed as a method for retrospectively assessing and proposing enhancements for the security of existing information management systems, it should function well as a guide to prospectively designing and deploying a secure information system such as teleradiology. Second, because OCTAVE provides assessment and planning tools for use primarily by interdisciplinary teams from user organizations, not consultants, it should enhance the ability of such teams at the local level to plan safe information systems. Third, from the perspective of sociological theory, OCTAVE explicitly attempts to enhance organizational conditions identified as necessary to safely manage complex technologies. Approaching information system design from the perspective of information security risk management proactively integrates health information assurance into a project"s core. This contrasts with typical approaches that perceive "security" as a secondary attribute to be "added" after designing the system and with approaches that identify information assurance only with security devices and user training. The perspective of health information assurance embraces so many dimensions of a computerized health information system"s design that one may successfully deploy a method for retrospectively assessing information security risk as a prospective planning tool. From a sociological perspective, this approach enhances the general conditions as well as establishes specific policies and procedures for reliable performance of health information assurance.

Collmann, Jeff R.; Alaoui, Adil; Nguyen, Dan; Lindisch, David

2003-05-01

320

Siberian Chemical Combine laboratory project work plan, fiscal year 1999  

SciTech Connect

The Siberian Chemical Combine (SKhK), Laboratory Project Work Plan (Plan) is intended to assist the US Laboratory Project Team, and Department of Energy (DOE) staff with the management of the FY99 joint material protection control and accounting program (MPC and A) for enhancing nuclear material safeguards within the Siberian Chemical Combine. The DOE/Russian/Newly Independent States, Nuclear Material Task Force, uses a project work plan document for higher-level program management. The SKhK Plan is a component of the Russian Defense related Sites` input to that document. In addition, it contains task descriptions and a Gantt Chart covering the FY99 time-period. This FY99 window is part of a comprehensive, Project Status Gantt Chart for tasking and goal setting that extends to the year 2003. Secondary and tertiary levels of detail are incorporated therein and are for the use of laboratory project management. The SKhK Plan is a working document, and additions and modifications will be incorporated as the MPC and A project for SKhK evolves.

Morgado, R.E.; Acobyan, R.; Shropsire, R.

1998-12-31

321

Strategic Plan for Colorado's Families and Children: A Draft for Review and Comment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989, the state of Colorado participated in a policy academy on families and children at risk. The intent of the policy academy was to enable states to develop a strategic plan for families and children that would be family focused with an emphasis on family self-sufficiency, and to begin to create a service delivery system integrated across…

Colorado Governor's Office, Denver. Policy Academy Team.

322

Spent Nuclear Fuel project systems engineering management plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the WHC Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to describe the systems engineering approach and methods that will be integrated with established WHC engineering practices to enhance the WHC engineering management of the SNF Project. The scope of the SEMP encompasses the efforts needed to manage the WHC implementation of systems engineering on the SNF Project. This implementation applies to, and is tailored to the needs of the SNF project and all its subprojects, including all current and future subprojects

Womack, J.C.

1995-10-03

323

Project Management Plan for the INEL technology logic diagrams  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PjMP) describes the elements of project planning and control that apply to activities outlined in Technical Task Plan (TTP) ID-121117, ``Technology Logic Diagrams For The INEL.`` The work on this project will be conducted by personnel in EG&G Idaho, Inc.`s Waste Technology Development Program. Technology logic diagrams represent a formal methodology to identify technology gaps or needs within Environmental Restoration/Waste Management Operations, which will focus on Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM-50) research and development, demonstration, test, and evaluation efforts throughout the US Department of Energy complex. This PjMP describes the objectives, organization, roles and responsibilities, workscope and processes for implementing and managing the technology logic diagram for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory project.

Rudin, M.J.

1992-10-01

324

Project Management Plan for the INEL technology logic diagrams  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PjMP) describes the elements of project planning and control that apply to activities outlined in Technical Task Plan (TTP) ID-121117, Technology Logic Diagrams For The INEL.'' The work on this project will be conducted by personnel in EG G Idaho, Inc.'s Waste Technology Development Program. Technology logic diagrams represent a formal methodology to identify technology gaps or needs within Environmental Restoration/Waste Management Operations, which will focus on Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM-50) research and development, demonstration, test, and evaluation efforts throughout the US Department of Energy complex. This PjMP describes the objectives, organization, roles and responsibilities, workscope and processes for implementing and managing the technology logic diagram for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory project.

Rudin, M.J.

1992-10-01

325

Integrated monitoring plan for the Hanford groundwater monitoring project  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater is monitored in hundreds of wells at the Hanford Site to fulfill a variety of requirements. Separate monitoring plans are prepared for various requirements, but sampling is coordinated and data are shared among users to avoid duplication of effort. The US Department of Energy (DOE) manages these activities through the Hanford Groundwater Monitoring Project (groundwater project), which is the responsibility of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The groundwater project does not include all of the monitoring to assess performance of groundwater remediation or all monitoring associated with active facilities. This document is the first integrated monitoring plan for the groundwater project and contains: well and constituent lists for monitoring required by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and its implementing orders; other, established monitoring plans by reference; and a master well/constituent/frequency matrix for the entire Hanford Site.

Hartman, M.J.; Dresel, P.E.; McDonald, J.P.; Mercer, R.B.; Newcomer, D.R.; Thornton, E.C.

1998-09-01

326

Project Redirection Implementation Plan: Stage I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the changes brought about by Project Redirection in New Jersey's Department of Human Services Division of Developmental Disabilities (formerly the Division of Mental Retardation), which now serves not only persons with mental retardation and autistic adults but also those individuals with developmental disabilities. Reports…

New Jersey State Developmental Disabilities Council, Trenton.

327

[Understanding and implementing the Party's policies on family planning accurately in an all-around way].  

PubMed

Recently, the Party's Central Committee held numerous meetings to study the problem of family planning. The main goal of these meetings was to find a correct family planning policy, which should be based on common sense, support from the people, and reasonable work from the cadres. Family planning policies and regulations should be realistic and creative. In the implementation of policies, different methods should be adopted for varied situations, and there should also be appropriate guiding principles for different categories. To cope with a new situation, creative methods and approaches should be chosen in order to implement the family planning policy. The correct method will ensure complete implementation of the policy. In family planning work, the first step is the improvement of ideological education, so that the people may have a correct understanding of the need for family planning. In the technical management work of family planning, a constant improvement in the quality of service should be the goal. Through practical working experience in family planning, some rules and regulations will be found, and they should be used to promote the management level and the level of family planning work in general. PMID:12159337

Liang, J; Peng, Z

1984-05-29

328

Women's experience regarding the role of health centers in empowering them for family planning  

PubMed Central

Background: Nowadays, the concept of family planning has been detached from the population control and it is expressed as an essential element in women’s reproductive rights, empowering them and promoting their status in society. Family planning services have an important role in fertility decisions using contraception methods in women. This study was carried out to explore the experience of women from the role of health centers in empowering them for family planning. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was performed on 37 married women who were volunteer and eligible for contraception as well as 8 staffs and directors of family planning services. They were selected useing purposeful sampling method in Isfahan, Iran. Data were collected by recording discussions of focused group in 7 sessions and 5 individual interviews. Conventional content analysis was used for coding and classification of data. Findings: Participants descriptions about the role of health centers in empowering the family planning was classified into 4 main categories including: encouraging male’s participation in family planning, providing comprehensive reproductive health services, expanding free services for family planning and appropriate technology for public awareness. Conclusions: Accessibility to health centers and offering free services for family planning are not sufficient for empowering women in terms of their fertility desires. The health centers should offer comprehensive reproductive health services and provide family planning services with a new approach for helping women and men to consciously and freely make a responsible decision in order to have more control over their fertility.

Kohan, Shahnaz; Simbar, Masoumeh; Taleghani, Fariba

2012-01-01

329

Final Report for the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Planning Project  

SciTech Connect

In 2011 the Tribe was awarded funds from the Department of Energy to formulate the Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan. This will be a guiding document used throughout the planning of projects focused on energy reduction on the Reservation. The Soboba Strategic Tribal Energy Plan's goal is to create a Five Year Energy Plan for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians in San Jacinto, California. This plan will guide the decision making process towards consistent progress leading to the Tribal goal of a 25% reduction in energy consumption in the next five years. It will additionally outline energy usage/patterns and will edentify areas the Tribe can decrease energy use and increase efficiency. The report documents activities undertaken under the grant, as well as incldues the Tribe's strategif energy plan.

Miller, Kim [EPA Specialist] [EPA Specialist

2013-09-17

330

Project X at Fermilab: Prospects and Plans  

SciTech Connect

As the Fermilab Tevatron Collider program draws to a close, a strategy has emerged of an experimental program built around the high intensity frontier. The centerpiece of this program will be a new 8 GeV superconducting H{sup -} linac that will support world leading programs in long baseline neutrino experimentation and the study of rare processes. Based on technology shared with the International Linear Collider, Project X will provide multi-MW beams at 60-120 GeV from the Main Injector, simultaneous with several hundred kilowatt beams at 8 GeV. Project X will support the possibility of a future energy frontier facility based its utilization as the front end of a muon storage ring based facility.

Holmes, S.D.; /Fermilab

2009-04-01

331

Advanced Hybrid Particulate Collector Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

As the consumption of energy increases, its impact on ambient air quality has become a significant concern. Recent studies indicate that fine particles from coal combustion cause health problems as well as atmospheric visibility impairment. These problems are further compounded by the concentration of hazardous trace elements such as mercury, cadmium, selenium, and arsenic in fine particles. Therefore, a current need exists to develop superior, but economical, methods to control emissions of fine particles. Since most of the toxic metals present in coal will be in particulate form, a high level of fine- particle collection appears to be the best method of overall air toxics control. However, over 50% of mercury and a portion of selenium emissions are in vapor form and cannot be collected in particulate control devices. Therefore, this project will focus on developing technology not only to provide ultrahigh collection efficiency of particulate air toxic emissions, but also to capture vapor- phase trace metals such as mercury and selenium. Currently, the primary state-of-the-art technologies for particulate control are fabric filters (baghouses) and electrostatic precipitators (ESPs). However, they both have limitations that prevent them from achieving ultrahigh collection of fine particulate matter and vapor-phase trace metals. The objective of this project is to develop a highly reliable advanced hybrid particulate collector (AHPC) that can provide > 99.99 % particulate collection efficiency for all particle sizes between 0.01 and 50 14m, is applicable for use with all U.S. coals, and is cost-0443competitive with existing technologies. Phase I of the project is organized into three tasks: Task I - Project Management, Reporting, and Subcontract Consulting Task 2 - Modeling, Design, and Construction of 200-acfm AHPC Model Task 3 - Experimental Testing and Subcontract Consulting

Miller, S.J.

1995-11-01

332

Single-shell tank interim stabilization project plan  

SciTech Connect

Solid and liquid radioactive waste continues to be stored in 149 single-shell tanks at the Hanford Site. To date, 119 tanks have had most of the pumpable liquid removed by interim stabilization. Thirty tanks remain to be stabilized. One of these tanks (C-106) will be stabilized by retrieval of the tank contents. The remaining 29 tanks will be interim stabilized by saltwell pumping. In the summer of 1997, the US Department of Energy (DOE) placed a moratorium on the startup of additional saltwell pumping systems because of funding constraints and proposed modifications to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) milestones to the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology). In a letter dated February 10, 1998, Final Determination Pursuant to Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) in the Matter of the Disapproval of the DOE`s Change Control Form M-41-97-01 (Fitzsimmons 1998), Ecology disapproved the DOE Change Control Form M-41-97-01. In response, Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (FDH) directed Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation (LNMC) to initiate development of a project plan in a letter dated February 25, 1998, Direction for Development of an Aggressive Single-Shell Tank (SST) Interim Stabilization Completion Project Plan in Support of Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement). In a letter dated March 2, 1998, Request for an Aggressive Single-Shell Tank (SST) Interim Stabilization Completion Project Plan, the DOE reaffirmed the need for an aggressive SST interim stabilization completion project plan to support a finalized Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-41 recovery plan. This project plan establishes the management framework for conduct of the TWRS Single-Shell Tank Interim Stabilization completion program. Specifically, this plan defines the mission needs and requirements; technical objectives and approach; organizational structure, roles, responsibilities, and interfaces; and operational methods. The plan is based on realistic assumptions and addresses three separate funding scenarios.

Ross, W.E.

1998-03-27

333

UMTRA Project Office quality assurance program plan. Revision 6  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites. The UMTRA Project`s mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. QA requirements contained in this QAPP shall apply to all personnel, processes, and activities, including planning, scheduling, and cost control, performed by the UMTRA Project Office and its contractors.

Not Available

1994-09-01

334

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted interim groundwater remedial activities on the Hanford Site since the mid-1990s for several groundwater contamination plumes. DOE established the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project (Technologies Project) in 2006 to evaluate alternative treatment technologies. The objectives for the technology project are as follows: develop a 300 Area polyphosphate treatability test to immobilize uranium, design and test infiltration of a phosphate/apatite technology for Sr-90 at 100-N, perform carbon tetrachloride and chloroform attenuation parameter studies, perform vadose zone chromium characterization and geochemistry studies, perform in situ biostimulation of chromium studies for a reducing barrier at 100-D, and perform a treatability test for phytoremediation for Sr-90 at 100-N. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the Technologies Project. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is based on the quality assurance requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the technology project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Fix, N. J.

2007-01-10

335

The Groundwater Performance Assessment Project Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has monitored groundwater on the Hanford Site since the 1940s to help determine what chemical and radiological contaminants have made their way into the groundwater. As regulatory requirements for monitoring increased in the 1980s, there began to be some overlap between various programs. DOE established the Groundwater Performance Assessment Project (groundwater project) in 1996 to ensure protection of the public and the environment while improving the efficiency of monitoring activities. The groundwater project is designed to support all groundwater monitoring needs at the site, eliminate redundant sampling and analysis, and establish a cost-effective hierarchy for groundwater monitoring activities. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the groundwater project. This QA Plan is based on the QA requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--General Provisions/Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the groundwater project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The groundwater project has determined that the Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Luttrell, Stuart P.

2006-05-11

336

Family planning is the first and most important step for rural development.  

PubMed

Mahasarakham province in Thailand has adopted family planning as its primary development policy. Although not a new issue, family planning until now has been largely ignored by most government sectors. Most consider family planning to be the sole responsibility of the Ministry of Public Ealth (MOPH), and this is why family planning has not been as successful as it should be. Discussion covers the general problem (rapid population increase, limited arable land, productivity, social and economic development, and deforestation), problems of family planning in the past (trained personnel and accessibility and government sectors ignoring or hindering family planning programs), integrated rural development (motivation, mobilizing teamwork, the integrated approach, mobile medical team, family planning for both the rich and the poor, and emphasis on vasectomy and IUD), objectives of the family planning program, and implementation. Mahasarakham uses an integrated rural development approach that emphasizes 9 development components: family planning, fisheries development, vegetable growing, water purification, rice banks, soy beans, using anchovies for natural fish sauce, insect extermination by electricity, and fuel from rice banks. All of these components contribute to the development of a better quality of rural life. The major problem is population growth, which at 1.8% remains high. Mahasarakham will promote the family planning program as the top priority, and this service will be brought to the people. The objectives of the family planning program are: to reduce the population growth rate Mahasarakham to zero growth within 2-3 years: to provide access to family planning services to all people in Mahasarakham; to educate people about family planning to increase its acceptance: to initiate a proper rural development program in Mahasarakham; and to promote intergovernmental cooperation by means of the integrated approach, which will have good results in later rural development programs. In fiscal year 1963 family planning in Mahasarakham will place new emphasis on vasectomy and IUD insertion. The program expects to reach a target of not less than 30,000 acceptors. A monthly family planning service in each district must have a minimum of 300 IUD acceptors. All government sectors will be involved in and responsible for this rural development program. PMID:12266147

Mokarapong, T

1983-12-01

337

UMTRA Project Office Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 5  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites in accordance with Public Law 95-604, the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA). The UMTRA Project`s mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. The US Department of Energy (DOE) UMTRA Project Office directs the overall Project. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria (set forth in the reference documents) has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. The UMTRA Project Office shall require each Project contractor to prepare and submit for approval a more detailed QAPP that is based on the applicable criteria of this QAPP and the referenced documents. All QAPPs on the UMTRA Project shall fit within the framework of this plan or an industry standard format that has been approved by the DOE Project Office.

Not Available

1993-11-01

338

B Plant Transition Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the B Plant Transition Project is to place B Plant and its ancillary facilities (refeffed to as B Plant throughout this document) in a safe and stable condition which requires minimal long term surveillance and maintenance (S&M), thereby reducing the risks associated with the current radiological and chemical inventory and the costs for S&M until disposition. Transition may include activities such as removal of stored radioactive and hazardous materials, safe shutdown of support systems such as electrical circuits and ventilation, and installation of new or modified systems required to support S&M for a 10 year period. The goal of this Project is to complete B Plant transition activities by September 30, 1998. During transition, the Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility will be isolated from B Plant for stand alone operation. Upon completion of transition, B Plant will be turned over to the Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40) for the S&M phase of B Plant decommissioning.

Godfrey, S.D.

1996-05-06

339

UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Tuba City, Arizona  

SciTech Connect

Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site in Tuba City, Arizona, are described in the following sections of this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). This plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, detection limits, and sampling frequency for the stations routinely monitored at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192 (1994) and the final EPA standards of 1995 (60 FR 2854). Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), and the most effective technical approach for the site.

NONE

1996-02-01

340

Invisible and Visible Language Planning: Ideological Factors in the Family Language Policy of Chinese Immigrant Families in Quebec  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic inquiry examines how family languages policies are planned and developed in ten Chinese immigrant families in Quebec, Canada, with regard to their children's language and literacy education in three languages, Chinese, English, and French. The focus is on how multilingualism is perceived and valued, and how these three languages…

Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan

2009-01-01

341

Incorporating Family Assessment and Individualized Family Service Plans into Early Intervention Programs: A Developmental, Decision Making Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The monograph presents essential components of a decision making sequence used to incorporate formalized family assessment and service planning procedures into two existing early intervention programs in Massachusetts. The 1-year effort used a consultant to: (1) redefine screening and assessment processes to include both child and family centered…

Kochanek, Thomas T.; Friedman, Donna Haig

342

Near-facility environmental monitoring quality assurance project plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near facility environmental monitoring performed by Waste Management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations and supersedes WHC-EP-0538-2. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by waste management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations in implementing facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site.

McKinney, S.M.

1997-11-24

343

Wildlife Protection, Mitigation, and Enhancement Plan, Palisades Project: Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

Under direction of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980 and the subsequent Northwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, projects have been developed in Idaho and Wyoming to mitigate the losses of wildlife habitat and annual production due to the development and operation of the Palisades Project. A modified Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) was used to assess the benefits of the preferred mitigation plan to wildlife. The interagency work group used the target species Habitat Units (HU's) lost with inundation of the reservoir area as a guideline during the mitigation planning process, while considering needs of wildlife in eastern Idaho and western Wyoming. A total of 37,068 HU's were estimated to be lost as a result of the inundation of the Palisades Reservoir area. Through a series of protection/enhancement projects, the preferred mitigation plan will provide benefits of an estimated 37,066 HU's. Target species to be benefited by this mitigation plan include bald eagle, mule deer, elk, mallard, Canada goose, mink, yellow warbler, black-capped chickadee, ruffed grouse, and peregrine falcon.

Meuleman, G. Allyn

1986-11-01

344

Energy planning with decision-making tools: experiences from an energy-planning project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the evaluation of a pilot project where four decision-making tools were applied in a municipal energy-planning process in a Swedish municipality. The tested tools were citizens' panel, a scenario method, life cycle assessment and qualitative checklists for environmental assessment (EA). The results presented are based on two focus group discussions with the participants from the project: one

Jenny Ivner

2009-01-01

345

25 CFR 170.436 - How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? 170.436 Section... INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian...436 How are public hearings for IRR planning and projects funded? (a)...

2010-04-01

346

A Study of Individualized Family Service Planning in California: Benefits and Costs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated costs associated with implementation of Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSP) for infants and young children with disabilities at four California sites. Specifically the study examined: (1) IFSP and existing service planning process costs in time and dollars; (2) the impact of IFSP processes on agencies and families; and…

Montgomery, Deborah L.; And Others

1993-01-01

347

Family and Consumer Sciences: A Facility Planning and Design Guide for School Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents design concepts and considerations for planning and developing middle and high school family and consumer sciences education facilities. It includes discussions on family and consumer sciences education trends and the facility planning process. Design concepts explore multipurpose laboratories and spaces for food/nutrition…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

348

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program. CRS Report for Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The federal government provides grants for voluntary family planning services through the Family Planning Program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act, codified at 42 U.S.C. SC 300 to SC 300a-6. The program, enacted in 1970, is the only domestic fede...

A. Napili

2008-01-01

349

Utilizing grassroots workers in family planning programs in India: prospects and problems.  

PubMed

In order to rapidly expand the network of delivery systems and speed up the process of acceptance of family planning messages and methods, a shift took place in the Indian family planning program from the bureaucratic "clinical" approach to the people oriented "extension" approach. As a result, there is an increasing emphasis on moving the family planning efforts closer to the grassroots level. A key methodological issue centers on the proper selection, cultural acceptability, and the effectiveness of the grassroots workers who are to be trained and through whom family planning motivational messages and methods are to be introduced. The Indian government, from time to time, has trained and utilized different groups of grassroots workers in its family planning promotional efforts. Anthropological field studies were conducted in two different regions in India to examine the potential and actual roles of two groups of grassroots workers--opinion leaders and traditional birth attendants--in the delivery of family planning services in the rural areas. These studies revealed that while the traditional birth attendants can be trained and utilized to a limited extent in promoting family planning efforts, especially to the eligible female clients, the role of the opinion leaders in such efforts is at best questionable. Based on these field studies, cultural and technical (including bureaucratic) problems in training and utilizing opinion leaders and traditional birth attendants are explored in detail. Modifications in the training program strategies are suggested to improve and expand the family planning delivery system in rural India. PMID:12290156

Mani, S B

1991-01-01

350

Population and Family Planning Education, Report of a Seminar (Holte, Denmark, July 3-28, 1972).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 1972, DANIDA and the Danish Family Planning Association provided delegations from selected countries the opportunity to devise teaching programs on population and family planning topics for 9-to 11-year-olds. Participants from the Arab Republic of Egypt, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, and the Philippines attended the meeting with Danish…

1972

351

Fertility Modification Thesaurus with Focus on Evaluation of Family Planning Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Division of Social and Administrative Sciences of the International Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction at Columbia University has compiled this list of terms used in indexing the literature for family planning program evaluation. This thesaurus should prove of direct use to the indexer of documents describing family planning program…

Speert, Kathryn H.; Wishik, Samuel M.

352

Non-Participation in a Public Family Planning Program After a Commitment to Participate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to ascertain reasons for non-participation in a public family planning program following a commitment to participate. A sample of 650 women who had made appointments at a public family planning clinic were divided into four groups: Post-Partum Kept (PPK), Post-Partum Missed (PPM), Supply Kept (SK), and Supply Missed…

Greer, Candyce D.; Cole, Steven G.

353

Successful Family Planning Programs. Draper World Population Fund Report, No. 4, Summer 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes successful family planning programs throughout the world. Discussed in detail are programs in Colombia, Mauritius, Maharashtra, the People's Republic of China, Sri Lanka, and the United States. Photographs illustrate the articles and, in some cases, family planning vital statistics are given. The Draper World Population…

Piotrow, Phyllis T., Ed.

354

Regulations on family planning management of the floating population.  

PubMed

This document reprints China's "Regulations on Family Planning (FP) Management of the Floating Population" that went into effect on January 1, 1999. The regulations, which apply to married labor migrants of reproductive age, call on all levels of the government to include FP management of this group in the target population of each administrative area. In addition to assigning governmental responsibilities, the regulations require adults to acquire certificates of marriage and childbearing at their local FP departments before they migrate. The adults should present these certificates to the proper authorities upon arrival at their destination. Efforts should be made to educate migrants about population and FP requirements; reach migrants with contraceptive services; and link approval of temporary residence permits, business licenses, and work permits with proper certification of marriage and childbearing. Employers will be responsible for the FP management of labor migrants, and landlords should assist local officials in this FP management. Incentives for adhering to the one child policy will be awarded by the migrants' place of household registration, but the cost of contraceptive operations will be born by employers if applicable or by the place of household registration. Penalties for violating the FP regulations will be meted out by the government of the place of current residence or of household registration (with only one penalty given for a single violation). Fines will be instituted for fabricating, selling, or acquiring fake certificates of marriage and childbearing or for failing to follow these regulations. PMID:12321927

1998-12-01

355

HEDR model validation plan. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project has developed a set of computational ``tools`` for estimating the possible radiation dose that individuals may have received from past Hanford Site operations. This document describes the planned activities to ``validate`` these tools. In the sense of the HEDR Project, ``validation`` is a process carried out by comparing computational model predictions with field observations and experimental measurements that are independent of those used to develop the model.

Napier, B.A.; Gilbert, R.O.; Simpson, J.C.; Ramsdell, J.V. Jr.; Thiede, M.E.; Walters, W.H.

1993-06-01

356

Medical education and family planning: developing future leaders and improving global health.  

PubMed

Well-trained medical professionals are key to improving global reproductive health and reducing rates of unsafe abortion, but medical training often fails to prepare practitioners to provide essential family planning services. The field of medical education is currently undergoing reformation to better meet the needs of a global population, and comprehensive, integrated family planning training will be an important part of those reforms. Family planning training is not only vital to address global reproductive healthcare demand, but integrates effectively with cornerstones of current medical education reform: competency-based education, leadership development, collaboration with practitioners of all levels, and global health context. Examples of successful integration of family planning education are outlined, and recommendations for integrating family planning into medical education detailed at the 2012 FIGO World Congress are discussed. PMID:23497747

Landy, Uta; Blodgett, Madeline; Darney, Philip

2013-05-01

357

Expedited Permanency Planning: Evaluation of the Kentucky Adoptions Opportunities Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents evaluation findings of a 3-year Kentucky Adoptions Opportunities Project. Notes that a majority of children had one or both parents coping with multiple risk factors including mental illness, substance abuse, mental retardation, or family violence. Discusses major barriers to permanency, as well as policy and practice implications in the…

Martin, Mavin H.; Barbee, Anita P.; Antle, Becky F.; Sar, Bibhuti

2002-01-01

358

Project '80, Rural Michigan Now and in 1980; Rural Family Living and Rural Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine what adjustments the rural family will be making in the next 15 years, this study, a part of Project '80, examines past trends and future projections for the Michigan rural family. The first section on rural family living gives rural family characteristics which include information on transportation, communications, clothing, food,…

Ferrar, Barbara; And Others

359

The Timmons Savings Plan: A Working Document on a Plan to Encourage Families to Save for College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Timmons Savings Plan, which encourages families to save toward college costs, is analyzed. This plan allows for periodic (non-tax deductible) contributions to an account administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. The amount deposited would be matched by the federal government in exchange for the government's earning the interest on…

Tierney, Michael L.

360

49 CFR 633.25 - Contents of a project management plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of a project management plan. At a minimum, a recipient's project management plan shall includeâ ...budget covering the project management organization, appropriate...construction schedule; (d) A document control procedure and...

2013-10-01

361

7 CFR 275.18 - Project area/management unit corrective action plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Project area/management unit corrective...PERFORMANCE REPORTING SYSTEM Corrective Action... Project area/management unit corrective...action plans shall be open-ended and...the Project Area/Management Unit Corrective...management units in planning,...

2009-01-01

362

7 CFR 275.18 - Project area/management unit corrective action plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Project area/management unit corrective...PERFORMANCE REPORTING SYSTEM Corrective Action... Project area/management unit corrective...action plans shall be open-ended and...the Project Area/Management Unit Corrective...management units in planning,...

2010-01-01

363

Transition to Adulthood for Students with Severe Intellectual Disabilities: Shifting toward Person-Family Interdependent Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from high school to adulthood is a major life change for most young adults and their families, and generally it is depicted as an especially stressful time for young people with disabilities and their families. Adequate planning is required to address the challenging impact of this stage of life on families. The purposes of this…

Kim, Kyeong-Hwa; Turnbull, Ann

2004-01-01

364

Crawler Acquisition and Testing Demonstration Project Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

If the crawler based retrieval system is selected, this project management plan identifies the path forward for acquiring a crawler\\/track pump waste retrieval system, and completing sufficient testing to support deploying the crawler for as part of a retrieval technology demonstration for Tank 241-C-104. In the balance of the document, these activities will be referred to as the Crawler Acquisition

DEFIGH-PRICE

2000-01-01

365

Environmentally Sound Small-Scale Energy Projects. Guidelines for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is the fourth volume in a series of publications that provide information for the planning of environmentally sound small-scale projects. Programs that aim to protect the renewable natural resources that supply most of the energy used in developing nations are suggested. Considerations are made for physical environmental factors as…

Bassan, Elizabeth Ann; Wood, Timothy S., Ed.

366

Environmentally Sound Small-Scale Forestry Projects. Guidelines for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, the third in a series of publications that address community development possibilities in developing nations, provides guidelines for small-scale forestry projects that are integrative and conservation-oriented. Chapters focus on: (1) users and uses (specifying targeted audience and general objectives); (2) planning process (including…

Ffolliott, Peter F.; Thames, John L.

367

14. PROJECT PLAN, INTAKE PIER, RAW WATER CONDUITS, PUMPING STATION ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. PROJECT PLAN, INTAKE PIER, RAW WATER CONDUITS, PUMPING STATION FORCE MAINS, TREATED WATER PIPELINES, AND FILTRATION PLANT, SHEET 1 OF 117, 1920. - Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River approximately 175 feet west of eastern levee on river; roughly .5 mile downstream from confluence of Sacramento & American Rivers, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

368

WELLTON GOVERNMENT CAMP. PLOT PLAN AND SCHEDULE. RESIDENCES & PROJECT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

WELLTON GOVERNMENT CAMP. PLOT PLAN AND SCHEDULE. RESIDENCES & PROJECT BUILDINGS. Drawing 50-308-4544, dated September 26, 1949. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Yuma, Arizona. - Wellton-Mohawk Irrigation System, Building No. 1 (House), 30601 Wellton-Mohawk Drive, Wellton, Yuma County, AZ

369

Environmentally Sound Small-Scale Agricultural Projects. Guidelines for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the first of a series of manuals that present environmental guidelines for planning and implementing ecologically sustainable projects. Attention is particularly directed to the agricultural situation and needs of developing nations. Subject areas discussed include: (1) users and uses (identifying the major purposes of the…

Mohonk Trust, New Paltz, NY.

370

Spent nuclear fuel project high-level information management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the results of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project (SNFP) Information Management Planning Project (IMPP), a short-term project that identified information management (IM) issues and opportunities within the SNFP and outlined a high-level plan to address them. This high-level plan for the SNMFP IM focuses on specific examples from within the SNFP. The plan`s recommendations can be characterized in several ways. Some recommendations address specific challenges that the SNFP faces. Others form the basis for making smooth transitions in several important IM areas. Still others identify areas where further study and planning are indicated. The team`s knowledge of developments in the IM industry and at the Hanford Site were crucial in deciding where to recommend that the SNFP act and where they should wait for Site plans to be made. Because of the fast pace of the SNFP and demands on SNFP staff, input and interaction were primarily between the IMPP team and members of the SNFP Information Management Steering Committee (IMSC). Key input to the IMPP came from a workshop where IMSC members and their delegates developed a set of draft IM principles. These principles, described in Section 2, became the foundation for the recommendations found in the transition plan outlined in Section 5. Availability of SNFP staff was limited, so project documents were used as a basis for much of the work. The team, realizing that the status of the project and the environment are continually changing, tried to keep abreast of major developments since those documents were generated. To the extent possible, the information contained in this document is current as of the end of fiscal year (FY) 1995. Programs and organizations on the Hanford Site as a whole are trying to maximize their return on IM investments. They are coordinating IM activities and trying to leverage existing capabilities. However, the SNFP cannot just rely on Sitewide activities to meet its IM requirements. While the SNFP can use some work done Sitewide and by projects such as the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS), they will still need to make some IM investments of their own.

Main, G.C.

1996-09-13

371

The RNA WikiProject: community annotation of RNA families.  

PubMed

The online encyclopedia Wikipedia has become one of the most important online references in the world and has a substantial and growing scientific content. A search of Google with many RNA-related keywords identifies a Wikipedia article as the top hit. We believe that the RNA community has an important and timely opportunity to maximize the content and quality of RNA information in Wikipedia. To this end, we have formed the RNA WikiProject (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_RNA) as part of the larger Molecular and Cellular Biology WikiProject. We have created over 600 new Wikipedia articles describing families of noncoding RNAs based on the Rfam database, and invite the community to update, edit, and correct these articles. The Rfam database now redistributes this Wikipedia content as the primary textual annotation of its RNA families. Users can, therefore, for the first time, directly edit the content of one of the major RNA databases. We believe that this Wikipedia/Rfam link acts as a functioning model for incorporating community annotation into molecular biology databases. PMID:18945806

Daub, Jennifer; Gardner, Paul P; Tate, John; Ramsköld, Daniel; Manske, Magnus; Scott, William G; Weinberg, Zasha; Griffiths-Jones, Sam; Bateman, Alex

2008-12-01

372

Yakima Habitat Improvement Project Master Plan, Technical Report 2003.  

SciTech Connect

The Yakima Urban Growth Area (UGA) is a developing and growing urban area in south-central Washington. Despite increased development, the Yakima River and its tributaries within the UGA continue to support threatened populations of summer steelhead and bull trout as well as a variety of non-listed salmonid species. In order to provide for the maintenance and recovery of these species, while successfully planning for the continued growth and development within the UGA, the City of Yakima has undertaken the Yakima Habitat Improvement Project. The overall goal of the project is to maintain, preserve, and restore functioning fish and wildlife habitat within and immediately surrounding the Yakima UGA over the long term. Acquisition and protection of the fish and wildlife habitat associated with key properties in the UGA will prevent future subdivision along riparian corridors, reduce further degradation or removal of riparian habitat, and maintain or enhance the long term condition of aquatic habitat. By placing these properties in long-term protection, the threat of development from continued growth in the urban area will be removed. To most effectively implement the multi-year habitat acquisition and protection effort, the City has developed this Master Plan. The Master Plan provides the structure and guidance for future habitat acquisition and restoration activities to be performed within the Yakima Urban Area. The development of this Master Plan also supports several Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs) of the NOAA Fisheries 2000 Biological Opinion (BiOp), as well as the Water Investment Action Agenda for the Yakima Basin, local planning efforts, and the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority's 2000 Fish and Wildlife Program. This Master Plan also provides the framework for coordination of the Yakima Habitat Improvement Project with other fish and wildlife habitat acquisition and protection activities currently being implemented in the area. As a result of the planning effort leading to this Master Plan, a Technical Working Group (TWG) was established that represents most, if not all, fish and wildlife agencies/interests in the subbasin. This TWG met regularly throughout the planning process to provide input and review and was instrumental in the development of this plan. Preparation of this plan included the development of a quantitative prioritization process to rank 40,000 parcels within the Urban Growth Area based on the value of fish and wildlife habitat each parcel provided. Biological and physical criteria were developed and applied to all parcels through a GIS-based prioritization model. In the second-phase of the prioritization process, the TWG provided local expert knowledge and review of the properties. In selecting the most critical areas within the Urban Growth Area for protection, this project assessed the value of fish and wildlife habitat on the Yakima River. Well-developed habitat acquisition efforts (e.g., Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Project by the Bureau of Reclamation and Yakama Nation acquisition projects) are already underway on the Yakima River mainstem. These efforts, however, face several limitations in protection of floodplain function that could be addressed through the support of the Yakima Habitat Improvement Project. This Master Plan integrates tributary habitat acquisition efforts with those ongoing on the Yakima River to best benefit fish and wildlife in the Urban Growth Area. The parcel ranking process identified 25 properties with the highest fish and wildlife value for habitat acquisition in the Yakima Urban Area. These parcels contain important fish and wildlife corridors on Ahtanum and Wide Hollow Creeks and the Naches River. The fifteen highest-ranking parcels of the 25 parcels identified were considered very high priority for protection of fish and wildlife habitat. These 15 parcels were subsequently grouped into four priority acquisition areas. This Master Plan outlines a four-year schedule for acquisition, protection, and restoration of the 25 highest ranked prop

Golder Associates, Inc.

2003-04-22

373

Watershed manipulation project: Field implementation plan for 1990-1992  

SciTech Connect

The Bear Brook Watershed in Maine (BBWM) was established in 1986 at Lead Mountain, Maine as part of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Watershed Manipulation Project (WPM). The goals of the project are to: (1) assess the chemical response of a small upland forested watershed to increased loadings of SO4, (2) determine interactions among biogeochemical mechanisms controlling watershed response to acidic deposition, and (3) test the assumptions of the Direct/Delayed Response Programs (DDRP) computer models of watershed acidification. The document summarizes the field procedures used in the establishment and initial implementation of the plot- and catchment- scale activities at the BBWM, and outlines plans for 1990-02 project activities.

Erickson, H.; Narahara, A.M.; Rustad, L.E.; Mitchell, M.; Lee, J.

1993-02-01

374

Family Perceptions of Participation in Educational Planning for Children Receiving Mental Health Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family participation in educational planning for children with disabilities is believed to result in plans that are more responsive to the child's needs and that lead to better social, emotional, and educational outcomes. Participation in educational planning is also a fundamental right of parents and a cornerstone of special education…

Jivanjee, Pauline; Kruzich, Jean M.; Friesen, Barbara J.; Robinson, Adjoa

2007-01-01

375

Transition Planning: How Well Does It Work for Young People with Learning Disabilities and Their Families?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 27 young people with learning disabilities and 27 parents found many left school without any transition planning. Where transition planning had occurred, there was a stark mismatch between topics families wanted covered and those addressed. Many students who received transition planning had little if any involvement. (Contains 9…

Ward, Linda; Mallett, Robina; Heslop, Pauline; Simons, Ken

2003-01-01

376

Personal and Family Financial Planning. A Staff Development Workshop for Secondary School Trainers and Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for teacher trainers and staff development specialists contains information and materials for an 18-hour personal and financial planning workshop for secondary teachers. Part A is a guide for workshop directors. It defines personal and family financial planning, provides background information on financial planning education, and…

Bannister, Rosella; And Others

377

The Impact of Project Planning Team Experience on Software Project Cost Estimates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from 135 teams that have participated in a software project planning exercise are analyzed to determine the relationship between team experience and each teams estimate of total project cost. The analysis shows that cost estimates are dependent upon two kinds of team experience: (1) the average experience for the members of each team and (2) whether or not any

James Mcdonald

2005-01-01

378

Private developer expands pumped-storage project plans  

SciTech Connect

A developer investigating the feasibility of a pumped-storage project on Grant Brook in Essex County, N.Y., is expanding its plans for the venture. Vineyard Road Associates, which already holds a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission preliminary permit for a 75-MW project at that site, has gone back to FERC and asked that the permit be amended to boost the project's capacity to 450 MW. In its application to amend the preliminary permit, Vineyard Road Associates said it wants to increase capacity and change the project's boundaries to encompass greater reservoir sizes. It noted that engineering studies determined the site has greater potential than originally thought. The larger project would produce an average annual generation of 1.3 gigawatt-hours. The closed-loop system will feature a lower pool made from a kettle-hole, left by a retreating glacier, that initially will be filled with ground water or water from Lake Champlain. The project also will include two upper reservoirs, a powerhouse, and a 115-kilovolt transmission line. The developer plans to build the project in stages, with the first stage to generate 200 MW.

Not Available

1993-02-01

379

Patrilineal family values, family planning and variation in stature among Taiwanese six-year-olds.  

PubMed

It has been argued that patrilineal joint family systems tend to bias family planning decisions in favour of sons. A simple model suggests that in such societies, any given son will be more highly valued by his parents (1) the fewer his brothers and (2) the earlier his birth is in the brother series. A daughter's value will be greater (1) the fewer brothers she has and (2) the earlier her birth is relative to other sisters. This study first addresses the extent of son preference as inferred from family composition data for 772 Taiwanese first-graders born in the mid-1970s in two socioeconomically distinct communities in Taipei, Taiwan. It then uses linear regression to consider whether the model criteria help account for statural variation among children in each study area when controlling for differences in measurement age, parental education and housing. With respect to family composition and gender preference, available evidence was consistent with previous surveys. While better-educated parents in the more affluent study area had significantly fewer children (p < 0.0005) and were more willing to stop without a son, girls there, as in the less affluent area, were still significantly more likely than boys to belong to large sibships (p < or = 0.005). Evidence from mean height of males and females partially accords with hypothetical predictions. In the less affluent area, the interaction effect of male birth order and the presence of younger siblings was significantly associated with mean stature (p = 0.002). Males without brothers were 2.0 cm taller than males with either an older or a younger brother (116.3 +/- 0.5 cm vs 114.3 +/- 0.4 cm). Males who had both younger and older brothers, but often no sisters, were about as tall, however, as those without brothers. A similar, but less pronounced, pattern was found among males in the more affluent area, but only among those who had sisters. These boys were also consistently shorter than boys without sisters (115.6 +/- 0.6 cm vs 117.7 +/- 0.6 cm; p = 0.001). Patterns of mean female stature did not clearly support the hypothesis. Girls in the more affluent area were relatively tall and did not show significant variation. Results among less affluent girls showed significant contrasts, but not necessarily in the predicted direction. PMID:12887219

Floyd, B

2003-07-01

380

[The family planning program in Rwanda: assessment of ten years (1981-1991) and prospects].  

PubMed

Rwanda's official family planning policy dates back to 1981 and creation of the National Office of Population (ONAPO). Among its other function, ONAPO monitors proper use of family planning methods and studies the integration of family planning services into public health. Pilot family planning programs began in the prefectures of Butare, Kigali, and Ruhengeri and were extended to the other 7 around 1985. The development of family planning services in Rwanda is based on their integration into existing services, especially those devoted to maternal-child health. In 1989, 277 of the 350 health centers of all kinds in Rwanda and 12 secondary posts offered family planning services. The rate of integration was 79.4%. 185 of the 277 health services with family planning services were in the public sector. As of December 1989, the rate of integration in different prefectures varied from a high of 95.5% in Kibungo to a low of 64.9% in Gisenyi. Integration is particularly weak in health facilities administered by the Catholic Church. The 2 strategies to confront this situation are continuing dialogue with Catholic Church officials and creation of secondary family planning posts to improve accessibility to family planning for populations served by Church health services. The number of new and continuing family planning users increased from 1178 and 1368 respectively in 1982 to 66,950 and 104,604 through September 1990. There is wide variation from 1 prefecture to another in recruitment of new acceptors and in the number of acceptors per health facility. Recruitment of new acceptors is greatest in Ruhengeri, followed by Kigali and Byumba. As of September 1990, 28,943 women used pills, 2037 used IUDs, 66,515 used injectables, 3051 used barrier methods, 2888 used auto-observation methods, 343 used implants, and 588 were sterilized. The overall rate of contraceptive prevalence increased from .9% in 1983 to 6.2% in 1989 and 10% in 1990. The strategy for promoting family planning has included training of personnel, improvement of supervision, regular supply of contraceptive equipment and supplies to health supervision, regular supply of contraceptive equipment and supplies to health centers, diversification of available methods, and addition of secondary family planning posts to improve accessibility. Obstacles still affecting Rwanda's family planning program include the pronatalist cultural orientation, which is being confronted by a vigorous IEC program. The reluctance of Catholic-affiliated health services to offer modern family planning methods, the shortage of trained family planning workers, contraceptive supply problems, and geographic inaccessibility of family planning services are other serious problems. To confront these problems, ONAPO plans to begin social marketing program, create more secondary health planning posts, promote integration of family planning services into the vaccination program, strengthen efforts to motivate postpartum women, and undertake a community distribution program for condoms and spermicides. PMID:12283850

Munyakazi, A

1990-12-01

381

UMTRA project technical assistance contractor quality assurance implementation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Technical Assistance contractor (TAC) Quality Assurance Implementation Plan (QAIP) outlines the primary requirements for integrating quality functions for TAC technical activities applied to the surface and ground water phases of the UMTRA Project. The QAIP is subordinate to the latest issue of the UMTRA Project TAC Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) (DOE, 1993a), which was developed using US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5700.6C quality assurance (QA) criteria. The QAIP addresses technical aspects of the TAC UMTRA Project surface and ground water programs. All QA issues in the QAIP shall comply with requirements contained in the TAC QAPP (DOE, 1933a). Because industry standards for data acquisition and data control are not addressed in DOE Order 5700.6C, the QAIP has been formatted to the 14 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) QA requirements. DOE Order 5700.6C criteria that are not contained in the CERCLA requirements are added to the QAIP as additional requirements in Sections 15.0 through 18.0. Project documents that contain CERCLA requirements and 5700.6 criteria shall be referenced in this document to avoid duplication. Referenced documents are not included in this QAIP but are available through the UMTRA Project Document Control Center.

Not Available

1994-03-01

382

Risk projection and the fertility of rural families.  

PubMed

The author comments on the theories and empirical evidence which aid in understanding the determinants of the reproductive behavior of farmers in China. The issues are defined, and discussion expands on the needs for a specific number of children in rural versus urban areas, M. Cain's risk insurance hypothesis, the importance of modes of production for the farm family, the farmer's security versus risks, and the balance between risk projection and the maximization of interest. The significance of risk projection is presented as are the implications for policy making. Neither theory of farmer's reproductive behavior, 1) the economic cost and benefit theory or 2) the need for labor theory is considered suitable. The idea that benefits exceed the costs of rearing children cannot justify the repeated cycle of poverty among farmers with many children. The Hubei Province, Danjiankou City, study which estimates rearing costs of 3360 yuan/child benefits of 305 yuan/year to the parents in old age is considered incorrect. The second theory agrees that children are needed for production but recognized surplus labor and does not account for the fact that the more children, the poorer the family. Micro demographic theories identify factors affecting demographic behavior, the extent to which factors affect fertility, and the interrelatedness of factors. The rural family feels jeopardized with one child, and the lowest tolerable number of children is 2-3 in rural areas. Manual labor is the basis of the traditional peasant economy. In this economy, loss of income is a threat whether due to crop failure, weather changes, or market changes. Payment occurs at the end of the year only. Child health is a risk due to poor nutrition and poor health facilities. Following a one-child policy might jeopardize perpetuation of the family line and provision for parents by sons. Urban risks are different. Rural families limit risk by keeping material resources, enlarging and strengthening the kinship network, and increasing the number of children. Cyernetic theory explains farmers behavior. Enormous risks must be assumed by farmers who have only one child. Short-term measures should focus on a policy the extends economic and social insurance for farmers, insurance schemes that differentiate by the number of children, and fund-raising for insurance from different sources which includes government input. PMID:12317655

Song, R

1991-01-01

383

Intermediate evaluation of USAID/Cairo energy policy planning project  

SciTech Connect

Three years ago, a team from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities, supplemented by an expert from the US Department of Energy and a senior Egyptian energy professional, carried out what was termed an intermediate evaluation'' of a major energy policy project in Egypt. Supported by USAID/Cairo, the project had concentrated on developing and strengthening an Organization for Energy Planning (OEP) within the Government of India, and it was actually scheduled to end less than a year after this evaluation. The evaluation was submitted to USAID/Cairo and circulated elsewhere in the US Agency for International Development and the Government of Egypt as an internal report. Over the next several years, the USAID energy planning project ended and the functions performed by OEP were merged with planning capabilities in the electric power sector. Now that the major issues addressed by the evaluation report have been resolved, we are making it available to a broader audience as a contribution to the general literature on development project evaluation and institution-building.

Wilbanks, T.J.; Wright, S.B. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Barron, W.F. (Hong Kong Univ. (Hong Kong)); Kamel, A.M. (Ain Shams Univ., Cairo (Egypt)); Santiago, H.T. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

384

Intermediate evaluation of USAID/Cairo energy policy planning project  

SciTech Connect

Three years ago, a team from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities, supplemented by an expert from the US Department of Energy and a senior Egyptian energy professional, carried out what was termed an ``intermediate evaluation`` of a major energy policy project in Egypt. Supported by USAID/Cairo, the project had concentrated on developing and strengthening an Organization for Energy Planning (OEP) within the Government of India, and it was actually scheduled to end less than a year after this evaluation. The evaluation was submitted to USAID/Cairo and circulated elsewhere in the US Agency for International Development and the Government of Egypt as an internal report. Over the next several years, the USAID energy planning project ended and the functions performed by OEP were merged with planning capabilities in the electric power sector. Now that the major issues addressed by the evaluation report have been resolved, we are making it available to a broader audience as a contribution to the general literature on development project evaluation and institution-building.

Wilbanks, T.J.; Wright, S.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Barron, W.F. [Hong Kong Univ. (Hong Kong); Kamel, A.M. [Ain Shams Univ., Cairo (Egypt); Santiago, H.T. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-09-01

385

[Psychobiology of human fertility in Mexico. I. Educational aspects of the universitary campaign on family planning].  

PubMed

In view of the scarce information about family planning among the Mexican population, audiovisual material was prepared to promote the mehtods and benefits of family planning. The material consists of 22 slides, recorded explanation, and music. Psychological factors, such as sensory perception, image symbiolism, language, education, sex, attention span, motivation, and identification, and social factors, such as status and recognition, were taken into consideration. The program is presently shown to an average of 120 persons daily, including outpatients and hospital patients. Its use led to a considerable increase in the number of patients who voluntarily attend the family planning clinic for medical advice on fertility control. PMID:56290

García Flores, R F; Ita Cruz, R A

1976-01-01

386

[How to expand and improve the coverage of family planning services: a Latin American viewpoint].  

PubMed

It is probably not possible to implant a family planning program that will have a reasonable demographic impact in areas lacking awareness of the disadvantages of overly high fertility. Rural-urban migration, increasing educational levels, women's labor force participation, and declining infant mortality are all factors that have been found to correlate with demand for family planning services. It has been recognized since the Bucharest World Population Conference in 1974 that development and family planning are both required for the fertility transition to begin. Where these conditions exist, a family planning program appropriate to the needs, limitations, preferences, and expectations of the target population has an excellent chance of success. Expanded and improved coverage results from tailoring programs to the specific groups served. Most programs are directed toward women. It has been found most effective to provide services for men in separate sessions. It is also useful to distinguish between services for adolescents, who require more information and fewer services, for mature women who require more services than information, and for premenopausal women whose needs for information and services are both declining. Contraceptive preferences vary with social class, but family planning programs in developing countries should concentrate on the lower middle and lower classes which comprise 80% of the population. Rural areas and marginal urban areas require special attention. In order to provide services that will attract all potential users, the maximum possible variety of methods should be available. A family planning program offering a variety of methods throughout the country and financially accessible to the population should be successful. Family planning programs, whether public or private, require adequate financial resources and the support or at least tolerance of the government. Knowledge of contraception is now almost universal. A major challenge of family planning programs is to prompt women who say they want to limit their reproduction but who do not practice family planning to adopt a method. Program leadership and interpersonal relations with clients should be competent. The experience of PROFAMILIA in Colombia suggests that charging fees for all services offered by the family planning program is a positive feature allowing the client to avoid feeling like a charity recipient and the program to account for materials and services more easily. Goals and objective indicators stimulate performance and allow progress to be assessed. It is recommended that client education focus on a synthesis of information concerning available methods and provision of somewhat greater detail on the method chosen. Integration of services is usually an enemy of family planning because, despite theoretical advantages, it usually means neglect of family planning in favor of curative care. PMID:12286385

Trias, M

1992-12-01

387

Planning and Evaluating Telecommunications Demonstration Projects and Assessing the Costs of Telecommunications Demonstration Projects. Final Report 146-03.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This two-report volume was prepared to describe approaches for evaluating individual Office of Telecommunications Policy (OTP) demonstration projects in the future and to aid demonstration project directors in project planning and development. The first r...

J. H. Clippinger S. B. Fain

1980-01-01

388

Family planning in conflict: results of cross-sectional baseline surveys in three African countries  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the serious consequences of conflict for reproductive health, populations affected by conflict and its aftermath face tremendous barriers to accessing reproductive health services, due to insecurity, inadequate numbers of trained personnel and lack of supplies. Family planning is often particularly neglected. Methods In six conflict-affected areas in Sudan, northern Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, household surveys of married or in-union women of reproductive age were conducted to determine baseline measures of family planning knowledge, attitudes and behaviors regarding contraception. Health facility assessments were carried out to assess baseline measures of family planning services availability. Data were double-entered into CSPro 3.2 and exported to SAS 9.2, which was used to calculate descriptive statistics. The studies' purposes were to guide program activities and to serve as a baseline against which program accomplishments could be measured. Results Knowledge of modern contraceptive methods was low relative to other sub-Saharan African countries, and use of modern methods was under 4% in four sites; in two sites with prior family planning services it was 12% and 16.2%. From 30% to 40% of women reported they did not want a child within two years, however, and an additional 12% to 35% wanted no additional children, suggesting a clear need for family planning services. The health facilities assessment showed that at most only one-third of the facilities mandated to provide family planning had the necessary staff, equipment and supplies to do so adequately; in some areas, none of the facilities were prepared to offer such services. Conclusions Family planning services are desired by women living in crisis situations when offered in a manner appropriate to their needs, yet services are rarely adequate to meet these needs. Refugee and internally displaced women must be included in national and donors' plans to improve family planning in Africa.

2011-01-01

389

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project environmental protection implementation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Environmental Protection Implementation Plan (EPIP) has been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.1. The UMTRA EPIP is updated annually. This version covers the time period of 9 November 1994, through 8 November 1995. Its purpose is to provide management direction to ensure that the UMTRA Project is operated and managed in a manner that will protect, maintain, and where necessary, restore environmental quality, minimize potential threats to public health and the environment, and comply with environmental regulations and DOE policies.

Not Available

1994-10-01

390

Real-Time Projection to Verify Plan Success During Execution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mission Data System provides a framework for modeling complex systems in terms of system behaviors and goals that express intent. Complex activity plans can be represented as goal networks that express the coordination of goals on different state variables of the system. Real-time projection extends the ability of this system to verify plan achievability (all goals can be satisfied over the entire plan) into the execution domain so that the system is able to continuously re-verify a plan as it is executed, and as the states of the system change in response to goals and the environment. Previous versions were able to detect and respond to goal violations when they actually occur during execution. This new capability enables the prediction of future goal failures; specifically, goals that were previously found to be achievable but are no longer achievable due to unanticipated faults or environmental conditions. Early detection of such situations enables operators or an autonomous fault response capability to deal with the problem at a point that maximizes the available options. For example, this system has been applied to the problem of managing battery energy on a lunar rover as it is used to explore the Moon. Astronauts drive the rover to waypoints and conduct science observations according to a plan that is scheduled and verified to be achievable with the energy resources available. As the astronauts execute this plan, the system uses this new capability to continuously re-verify the plan as energy is consumed to ensure that the battery will never be depleted below safe levels across the entire plan.

Wagner, David A.; Dvorak, Daniel L.; Rasmussen, Robert D.; Knight, Russell L.; Morris, John R.; Bennett, Matthew B.; Ingham, Michel D.

2012-01-01

391

UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Maybell, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP) describes planned water sampling activities and provides the regulatory and technical basis for ground water sampling in 1994 at the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site in Maybell, Colorado. The WSAP identifies and justifies sampling locations, analytical parameters, and sampling frequencies at the site. The ground water data will be used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for the ground water and surface water monitoring activities is derived from the EPA regulations in 40 CFR Part 192 (1993) and the proposed EPA standards of 1987 (52 FR 36000). Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), the Technical Approach Document (TAD) (DOE, 1989), and the most effective technical approach for the site. This WSAP also includes a summary and the results of water sampling activities from 1989 through 1992 (no sampling was performed in 1993).

Not Available

1994-06-01

392

45 CFR 286.160 - What are the applicable time frames and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and procedures for submitting a Tribal Family Assistance Plan? 286.160 Section 286.160 Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2013-10-01

393

Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Waste Package Plan  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) waste package program is to develop, confirm the effectiveness of, and document a design for a waste package and associated engineered barrier system (EBS) for spent nuclear fuel and solidified high-level nuclear waste (HLW) that meets the applicable regulatory requirements for a geologic repository. The Waste Package Plan describes the waste package program and establishes the technical approach against which overall progress can be measured. It provides guidance for execution and describes the essential elements of the program, including the objectives, technical plan, and management approach. The plan covers the time period up to the submission of a repository license application to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). 1 fig.

Harrison-Giesler, D.J. [USDOE Nevada Operations Office, Las Vegas, NV (USA). Yucca Mountain Project Office; Morissette, R.P. [Science Applications International Corp., Las Vegas, NV (USA); Jardine, L.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)

1991-02-01

394

Challenges in Managing a Family Business. Management and Planning Series.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When you put up your own money and operate your own business, you prize your independence. It's my business, you can tell yourself, in good times and in bad. In a family company, however, it's our business. When family members work together, emotions may ...

2009-01-01

395

Near Facility Environmental Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near-facility environmental monitoring directed by Waste Management Technical Services and supersedes HNF-EP-0538-4. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Waste Management Technical Services in implementing near-facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by U.S. Department of Energy Order 5400.1 (DOE 1990) as a part of the Environmental Monitoring Plan (DOE-RL 1997) and is used to define: Environmental measurement and sampling locations used to monitor environmental contaminants near active and inactive facilities and waste storage and disposal sites; Procedures and equipment needed to perform the measurement and sampling; Frequency and analyses required for each measurement and sampling location; Minimum detection level and accuracy; Quality assurance components; and Investigation levels. Near-facility environmental monitoring for the Hanford Site is conducted in accordance with the requirements of U.S. Department of Energy Orders 5400.1 (DOE 1990), 5400.5 (DOE 1993), 5484.1 (DOE 1990), and 435.1 (DOE 1999), and DOE/EH-O173T (DOE 1991). It is Waste Management Technical Services' objective to manage and conduct near-facility environmental monitoring activities at the Hanford Site in a cost-effective and environmentally responsible manner that is in compliance with the letter and spirit of these regulations and other environmental regulations, statutes, and standards.

MCKINNEY, S.M.

2000-05-01

396

242-A evaporator quality assurance project plan: Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this quality assurance project plan (Plan) is sampling and analytical services including, but not limited to, sample receipt, handling and storage, analytical measurements, submittal of data deliverables, archiving selected portions of samples, returning unneeded sample material to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), and/or sample disposal associated with candidate feed samples and process condensate compliance samples. Sampling and shipping activities are also included within the scope. The purpose of this project is to provide planning, implementation, and assessment guidance for achieving established data quality objectives measurement parameters. This Plan requires onsite and offsite laboratories to conform to that guidance. Laboratory conformance will help ensure that quality data are being generated and therefore, that the 242-A evaporator is operating in a safe and compliant manner. The 242-A evaporator feed stream originates from double-shell tanks (DSTs) identified as candidate feed tanks. The 242-A evaporator reduces the volume of aqueous waste contained in DSTs by boiling off water and sending it to the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF) storage basin before further treatment. The slurry product is returned to DSTs. Evaporation results in considerable savings by reducing the volume of mixed waste for disposal.

Tucker, B.J.

1994-11-04

397

Audit of USAID's Effectiveness in Complying with Tiahrt Voluntary Family Planning Requirements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

USAIDs Bureau for Global Health, Office of Population and Reproductive Health provides support to more than 50 country programs for family planning throughout the world, and provides technical assistance and training to missions and performs country progr...

2008-01-01

398

Topical Investigation and Analysis of Nutritional Supplements in Family Planning Programs in India and Pakistan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The theory that improving the nutritional status of mothers and infants lowers fertility rates has been divided into several hypotheses concerning the effects on fertility of nutrition interventions in family planning programs. This report uses a modified...

M. E. Rulison

1970-01-01

399

Utilization of Family Planning Services en Peru. Small Applied Research Paper No. 9.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our research is focused on the study of four types of interventions: family planning, birth control, birth services, and the pap smear. Despite obvious differences in analysis due to the very characteristics of these interventions, it has been possible fo...

A. Beltran

1999-01-01

400

Women, microcredit and family planning practices: a case study from rural Ghana.  

PubMed

This paper examines the influence of informal banking club participation on family planning practices in rural Ghana. Research from Asia suggests that family planning practices are improved by club participation. This study examines this thesis in an African context, using rural Ghana as a case study. A sample of 204 women (19 years and older) was drawn from Abokobi village, Ghana. Multivariate analyses of direct, mediating and moderating effects of women’s demographic background characteristics, membership status and length, and women’s empowerment status as predictors of family planning practices are assessed. Findings suggest that club membership and membership length is not associated with family planning practices; however, age, education level, number of children and empowerment status are. PMID:21901899

Norwood, Carolette

2011-01-01

401

Couple communication in family planning decision-making in Zahedan, Islamic Republic of Iran.  

PubMed

A qualitative study in Zahedan, Islamic Republic of Iran, used focus group discussions with 120 people in 8 main groups to understand more about couple's decision-making and the role of men in family planning. The study included men and women from Sunni and Shia sects as well as theologians from both sects. Shiites, lay people and theologians, believed that both husband and wife play a major role in decision-making about family planning, while Sunnis believed that men are the main decision-makers. All participants believed that men have an important role in family planning, but also that men do not like attending family planning clinics. Religious tenets were important in couple's decision-making about using contraceptives but there were confusions over different teachings. PMID:16700372

Rakhshani, F; Niknami, S; Ansari Moghaddam, A R

2005-07-01

402

Fertility Modification Thesaurus with Focus on Evaluation of Family Planning Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Division of Social and Administrative Sciences of the International Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction at Columbia University has compiled this list of terms used in indexing the literature for family planning program evaluation. This thesa...

K. H. Speert S. M. Wishik

1973-01-01

403

[Analysis of fundamental chains of family planning systematic engineering in the countryside].  

PubMed

Establishment of a system for old age support in rural areas of China is an important aspect to ensure the success of a family planning (FP) program. The necessity of such a system was examined from the following perspective. 1st, children are sources of old age support due to lack of social security and pension systems in rural areas. This had been the key reason motivating some rural farmers to ignore FP regulations and continue to have children. Unless the livelihood of a rural population is ensured in some way, it is difficult to achieve FP program objectives. 2nd, the increasing life expectancy and declining fertility made the population age process occur rapidly, e.g., the population aged 65 and over will increase from 7% at the end of the century to 17% in the 2030s. Living and health care of the old age population at that time would be an important need for the society. 3rd, changes in family patterns from extended to nuclear families have gradually changed the position of old people in the family which made it unfeasible to rely entirely on children for old age support. Several systems of old age support have been suggested. Government and the community should take responsibility for establishing a social security system. The role of the government will be in educating the public on the importance of social security programs, training professionals to work in these programs, formulating laws and regulations on social security, and supporting a social security system through taxation and welfare programs. The communities may help set up the organizational structure and make financial contributions to the social security system. Insurance companies or commercial banks may set up special coverage or saving programs for old age support. The role of children to support parents would still be important for a certain period of time. The current pilot projects on a rural social security system in 270 countries were an important starting point for helping the rural population to reduce the need for children and to reduce the opposition to family planning programs. PMID:12317522

Liu, S

1991-02-01

404

Quality assurance program plan for SNF characterization support project  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Quality Assurance Program is implemented for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project. This QAPP has been developed specifically for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project, per Letter of Instruction (LOI) from Duke Engineering and Services Company, letter No. DESH-9655870, dated Nov. 22, 1996. It applies to those items and tasks which affect the completion of activities identified in the work breakdown structure of the Project Management Plan (PMP) and LOI. These activities include installation of sectioning equipment and furnace, surface and subsurface examinations, sectioning for metallography, and element drying and conditioning testing, as well as project related operations within the 327 facility as it relates to the specific activities of this project. General facility activities are covered in other appropriate QA-PPS. In addition, this QAPP supports the related quality assurance activities addressed in CM-2-14, Hazardous Material Packaging and Shipping,1261 and HSRCM-1, Hanford Site Radiological Control Manual. The 327 Building is currently transitioning from being a Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) managed facility to a Babcock and Wilcox Hanford Company (BVMC) managed facility. During this transition process existing procedures and documents will be utilized until replaced by BVMC procedures and documents. These documents conform to the requirements found in PNL-MA-70, Quality Assurance Manual and PNL-MA-8 1, Hazardous Materials Shipping Manual. The Quality Assurance Program Index (QAPI) contained in Table 1 provides a matrix which shows how project activities relate to IO CFR 830.120 and 5700.6C criteria. Quality Assurance program requirements will be addressed separate from the requirements specified in this document. Other Hanford Site organizations/companies may be utilized in support of this project and the subject organizations are to implement applicable Quality Assurance requirements consistent with this QAPP.

Tanke, J.M.

1997-05-22

405

Reproductive health services for refugees by refugees in Guinea I: family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Comprehensive studies of family planning (FP) in refugee camps are relatively uncommon. This paper examines gender and age differences in family planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices among Sierra Leonean and Liberian refugees living in Guinea. METHODS: In 1999, a cross-sectional survey was conducted of 889 reproductive-age men and women refugees from 48 camps served by the refugee-organised Reproductive Health

Natasha Howard; Sarah Kollie; Yaya Souare; Anna von Roenne; David Blankhart; Claire Newey; Mark I Chen; Matthias Borchert

2008-01-01

406

Unmet Need for Family Planning in Nepal during the First Two Years Postpartum  

PubMed Central

Contraceptive use during the postpartum period is critical for maternal and child health. However, little is known about the use of family planning and the determinants in Nepal during this period. This study explored pregnancy spacing, unmet need, family planning use, and fertility behaviour among postpartum women in Nepal using child level data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys 2011. More than one-quarter of women who gave birth in the last five years became pregnant within 24 months of giving birth and 52% had an unmet need for family planning within 24 months postpartum. Significantly higher rates of unmet need were found among rural and hill residents, the poorest quintile, and Muslims. Despite wanting to space or limit pregnancies, nonuse of modern family planning methods by women and returned fertility increased the risk of unintended pregnancy. High unmet need for family planning in Nepal, especially in high risk groups, indicates the need for more equitable and higher quality postpartum family planning services, including availability of range of methods and counselling which will help to further reduce maternal, perinatal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality in Nepal.

Dariang, Maureen

2014-01-01

407

Integrated project management plan for the Plutonium Finishing Plant stabilization and deactivation project  

SciTech Connect

This document sets forth the plans, organization, and control systems for managing the PFP Stabilization and Deactivation Project, and includes the top level cost and schedule baselines. The project includes the stabilization of Pu-bearing materials, storage, packaging, and transport of these and other nuclear materials, surveillance and maintenance of facilities and systems relied upon for storage of the materials, and transition of the facilities in the PFP Complex.

SINCLAIR, J.C.

1999-05-03

408

23 CFR 450.212 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project development. 450.212...HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH PLANNING ASSISTANCE AND STANDARDS Statewide...

2010-04-01

409

23 CFR 450.318 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project development. 450.318...HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH PLANNING ASSISTANCE AND STANDARDS Metropolitan...

2010-04-01

410

23 CFR 450.212 - Transportation planning studies and project development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Transportation planning studies and project development. 450.212...HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH PLANNING ASSISTANCE AND STANDARDS Statewide...

2009-04-01

411

Phase 1 Final Status Survey Plan. West Valley Demonstration Project. Revision 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This plan provides the technical basis and associated protocols to support Phase 1 final status survey (FSS) data collection and interpretation as part of the West Valley Demonstration Project Phase 1 Decommissioning Plan process. This plan is consistent ...

2011-01-01

412

Hospital Discharge Planning: A Guide for Families and Caregivers  

MedlinePLUS

... of your family member both before and after hospitalization; details of the types of care that will be needed; and whether discharge will be to a facility or home. It also should include information on ...

413

34 CFR 303.20 - Individualized family service plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions...early intervention services to an infant or toddler with a disability under this part and the infant's or toddler's family thatâ (a) Is based...

2013-07-01

414

The Influence of Parental Socialization Factors on Family Farming Plans of Preadolescent Children: An Exploratory Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous scholarship on farm families emphasizes the importance of socializing children to become farmers. This study is the first to focus on the parental socialization factors that are associated with preadolescent children's attachment to, and plans to take over, the family farm. Forty-seven 7- to 12-year-old children and their farming parents…

Wiley, Angela R.; Bogg, Timothy; Ringo Ho, Moon-Ho

2005-01-01

415

Family Planning Services Available to Migratory Farm Workers in the Mid-Continent Streams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The information in this directory is designed to promote continuity in family planning services for migrant families in mid-continent streams. It provides professional personnel with a new tool to help meet the distinctive needs of individual migrants. Names, addresses, schedules, methods, and fee information of service agencies (health…

Planned Parenthood--World Population, Austin, TX. Southwest Region.

416

Variables of the Theory of Planned Behavior Are Associated with Family Meal Frequency among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine associations between Theory of Planned Behavior variables and the family meal frequency. Methods: Fifth-through seventh-grade students (n = 236) completed a self-administered questionnaire in their classrooms. The relationships between Theory of Planned Behavior variables (intention, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived…

Eto, Kumi; Koch, Pamela; Contento, Isobel R.; Adachi, Miyuki

2011-01-01

417

Integrated development and testing plan for the plutonium immobilization project  

SciTech Connect

This integrated plan for the DOE Office of Fissile Materials Disposition (MD) describes the technology development and major project activities necessary to support the deployment of the immobilization approach for disposition of surplus weapons-usable plutonium. The plan describes details of the development and testing (D&T) tasks needed to provide technical data for design and operation of a plutonium immobilization plant based on the ceramic can-in-canister technology (''Immobilization Fissile Material Disposition Program Final Immobilization Form Assessment and Recommendation'', UCRL-ID-128705, October 3, 1997). The plan also presents tasks for characterization and performance testing of the immobilization form to support a repository licensing application and to develop the basis for repository acceptance of the plutonium form. Essential elements of the plant project (design, construction, facility activation, etc.) are described, but not developed in detail, to indicate how the D&T results tie into the overall plant project. Given the importance of repository acceptance, specific activities to be conducted by the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (RW) to incorporate the plutonium form in the repository licensing application are provided in this document, together with a summary of how immobilization D&T activities provide input to the license activity. The ultimate goal of the Immobilization Project is to develop, construct, and operate facilities that will immobilize from about 18 to 50 tonnes (MT) of U.S. surplus weapons usable plutonium materials in a manner that meets the ''spent fuel'' standard (Fissile Materials Storage and Disposition Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision, ''Storage and Disposition Final PEIS'', issued January 14, 1997, 62 Federal Register 3014) and is acceptable for disposal in a geologic repository. In the can-in-canister technology, this is accomplished by encapsulating the plutonium-containing ceramic forms within large canisters of high level waste (HLW) glass. Deployment of the immobilization capability should occur by 2006 and be completed within 10 years.

Kan, T.

1998-07-01

418

China: the strengthening of family planning at grass-roots level.  

PubMed

An integrated family planning center, i.e., guidance center, was established in 1983 in the Qingbaijiang District of Chengdu to provide family planning publicity and education, contraceptive guidance, effective contraceptive distribution, and family planning training for village workers. The center serves a predominantly rural population of 355,788. The center's staff of 6 medical workers utilizes a variety of educational materials to popularize family planning, healthy births, and to inform the residents about the government's family planning policies, e.g. "Travels of Monkey King to Huanjin Production Brigade," is shown throughout the countryside. Some medical workers remain at the center and furnish medical and contraceptive services on an outpatient basis. Other medical workers travel throughout the countryside delivering family planning and medical services. During the 1st 6 months of operation the traveling medical workers visited 11 towns and 47 villages. They furnished the IUDs to 994 women who currently had 1 child and performed 492 vasectomies on fathers with 2 or more children. Traveling medical workers also trained village workers to distribute contraceptives on a regular basis to all users in their village, to follow-up IUD acceptors, and to provide prenatal care. Combining all these components into 1 program provided an effective, intensive, and inexpensive approach to family planning. Due to the efforts of the center, 91.52% of the 55,869 married fertile couples in the area have accepted birth control. Presently, the center consists of an outpatient office, an information office, and a patient room. There are plans to further strengthen the center by using it as a facility for training technical personnel at the grassroots level in collection and analysis of population information. Eventually the center will be equipped to provide more technically advanced contraceptive services. PMID:12313217

Zhang, Q

1984-01-01

419

Migrant-nonmigrant differentials in socioeconomic status, fertility and family planning in Nepal.  

PubMed

This study identifies the socioeconomic characterisitics of immigrants in Nepal, their fertility, and the incidence of family planning. These characterisitics are contrasted with the receiving or nonmigrant population and inferences drawn regarding the probable social and demographic impact immigrants may have on the "receiving" population. Demographic surveys were conducted annually from 1975 through 1978 in the Hills and Terai by the research and evaluation unit of the Family Planning/Maternal Child Health (FR/MCH) Project. In each of these geographic areas, all districts were matched on a set of social and demographic characteristics. 2 districts were then selected from each area on the basis of their similarity to each other. The sample design for all districts involved selection of panchayats (a political unit roughly equivalent to a country) and their wards (villages) on the basis of a procedure which refers to a selection of units based upon probabilities proportional to size of the population of the units. Currently married women aged 15-44 in all households of the secondary sampling units, i.e., wards, were interviewed. Both migrant women and their husbands had a higher level of educational attainment than nonmigrant women and their husbands. Indian migrants had higher proportions in the largest landholding groups than nonmigrant and lower proportions who are landless. The differential was maintained among Indians who had lived in the Terai for 10 years or less as well as 11 years or more. This finding was particularly striking since Indian migrants make up 25% of the sample. Current marital fertility (as measured by age specific and total fertility rates) was highest among Indian migrants, but cumulative fertility or past reproductive performance (as measured by the mean number of children ever-born) was highest among migrants from "other districts." With the exception of the youngest age group, migrants from "other districts" have higher proportion of "ever users" and "current users" of family planning than nonmigrants or migrants from India throughout the age structure. The highest proportion for both "ever users" and "current users" was reached at ages 35-39 years. Indian migrants in contrast had the lowest proportions of "ever users" and "current users" throughout the age structure (with the exception of the age group 35-39). PMID:12311757

Tuladhar, J M; Stoeckel, J

1982-01-01

420

Up-Stream Dissolved Oxygen TMDL Project Quality Assurance ProjectPlan  

SciTech Connect

A quality assurance project plan (QAPP) for the execution of an ecosystem level monitoring and research program examining algal ecology in highly impaired rivers. Procedures for executing both field and laboratory surface water quality and flow analysis are described. The procedures described here are compatible with the California Surface Water Ambient Monitoring program (SWAMP).

Stringfellow, William T.

2005-05-13

421

Chlamydia Positivity Trends Among Women Attending Family Planning Clinics: United States, 2004-2008  

PubMed Central

Background Annual chlamydia screening is recommended for all sexually active women aged <25 years. Substantial limitations exist in ascertaining chlamydia trends. Reported case rates have increased likely due to increased screening and improved test technology. Other data suggest that prevalence has decreased. Methods Data from the Infertility Prevention Project (IPP), a national chlamydia screening program, were used to assess trends in chlamydia positivity from 2004 to 2008 among women aged 15 to 24 years who were tested in family planning clinics reporting data to IPP. Using the clinic as the unit of analysis, a correlated, longitudinal data analysis with a random intercept was conducted among clinics reporting ?3 years of data during the analysis time-frame. Sensitivity analyses were performed to address the impact of various clinic participation levels in addition to the assessment of various correlation structures. Results Over 5 million chlamydia tests were reported to IPP family planning clinics from 2004 to 2008. A majority of tests were conducted among white women (clinic-specific mean: 63.2%, inter-quartile range: 37.6%–91.5%); the clinic-specific mean percent of tests conducted among black women was 17.9% (interquartile range: 0.8%–25.7%). Overall chlamydia positivity from 2004 to 2008 was 7.0%. The odds ratio associated with a single year change (1.00; 95% confidence interval: 0.99, 1.00) suggested that chlamydia positivity did not change from 2004 to 2008, after controlling for clinic-specific population factors (age, race, test usage, and geography). Conclusions Findings support previous analyses suggesting that chlamydia prevalence is not increasing despite apparent increasing rates based on case reports.

Satterwhite, Catherine Lindsey; Grier, LaZetta; Patzer, Rachel; Weinstock, Hillard; Howards, Penelope P.; Kleinbaum, David

2014-01-01

422

Project ASTRO: A Program to Link Astronomers with Teachers in Grades 4-9 and Families  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a concrete example of how scientists can have a major local effect on science education, I report on a program at the Astronomical Society of the Pacific to link professional and amateur astronomers with teachers and families in their area. Begun in 1993, Project ASTRO is now operating in 12 regional sites around the U.S. and has trained over 1000 astronomer-teacher partnerships. Graduate students and recent PhD's seeking experience in education have been some of our most effective partners. Astronomers receive training (together with their teachers) in a 2-day workshop that provides them with a wide range of effective teaching techniques, age-appropriate hands-on activities, and useful resources. They commit to making at least four visits to "their" classroom each year and work with their teacher to tailor a plan appropriate for their interests and the students' needs. A wide range of resource materials (including a video and a thick resource and activity notebook) is available from the project. The 12 ASTRO sites have formed a national network for exchanging ideas and approaches, and helping to train new sites. A kit of training materials is available to help any institution that would like to start a site. Contact the author, or see: www.astrosociety.org/project_astro.html The project is currently engaged in a new enterprise, creating a series of workshops and take-home activity kits to engage families in doing astronomy and space science in evenings or weekends. >http://www.astrosociety.org/project_astro.html

Fraknoi, A.

2001-12-01

423

Group action planning as a support strategy for Hispanic families: parent and professional perspectives.  

PubMed

Focus group interviews were conducted to obtain participants' preliminary reactions to the responsiveness of group action planning, a person-centered planning approach, as a support strategy for Hispanic families of individuals with disabilities. Focus group participants were 38 Hispanic parents of youth/young adults with developmental disabilities and 22 professionals who provided support services to Hispanic youth/young adults with developmental disabilities and their families. Both constituency groups identified advantages and disadvantages of group action planning. We focus our key recommendations on the implications of this information for education and human service systems as well as directions for future research. PMID:10900934

Blue-Banning, M J; Turnbull, A P; Pereira, L

2000-06-01

424

Project CHOICE: #166. A Career Unit for Grades K-2. The Family. (Consumer and Family Studies Career Cluster).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching unit on the family is part of the Consumer and Family Studies Career Cluster included in a series of career guidebooks developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education). The units are designed to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking first and second grade classroom…

Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

425

Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4).

Gullo, Lisa; Karpenko, Victor; Robinson, Kem; Turner, William; Wong, Otis

2002-09-30

426

Hellsgate Winter Range Mitigation Project; Long-term Management Plan, Project Report 1993, Final Draft.  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted on the Hellsgate Winter Range Mitigation Project area, a 4,943 acre ranch purchased for mitigating some habitat losses associated with the original construction of Grand Coulee Dam and innundation of habitat by Lake Roosevelt. A Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) study was used to determine habitat quality and quantity baseline data and future projections. Target species used in the study were sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemoinus), mink (Mustela vison), spotted sandpiper (Actiius colchicus), bobcat (Felis reufs), blue grouse (Dendragapus obscurus), and mourning dove (Zenaida macroura). From field data collected, limiting life values or HSI's (Habitat Suitability Index's) for each indicator species was determined for existing habitats on project lands. From this data a long term management plan was developed. This report is designed to provide guidance for the management of project lands in relation to the habitat cover types discussed and the indicator species used to evaluate these cover types. In addition, the plan discusses management actions, habitat enhancements, and tools that will be used to enhance, protect and restore habitats to desired conditions. Through planned management actions biodiversity and vegetative structure can be optimized over time to reduce or eliminate, limiting HSI values for selected wildlife on project lands.

Berger, Matthew T.

1994-01-01

427