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1

Key Indicators for Family Planning Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper lists numerous indicators that could be used to monitor and evaluate family planning and suggests ten potentially useful for most projects. These ten cover all aspects of a family planning program: program inputs, program capacity and process, p...

R. A. Bulatao

1995-01-01

2

Family Planning and the Young Minority Male: A Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Young Inner-City Males Project, a pilot project to provide culturally relevant family life planning services to young minority males in Los Angeles. The project offered goal-directed support to promote sexual responsibility and reduce unwanted pregnancies. (FMW)|

Johnson, Leanor Boulin; Staples, Robert E.

1989-01-01

3

Family Planning and the Young Minority Male: A Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on a program aimed at young Black, Spanish-speaking, Asian, and American Indian males in relation to family life education, planning, and parental concerns. The project develops an approach to the promotion of sexual responsibility and reduction of unwanted pregnancy through support and assistance to potential unwed fathers. (Author)|

Johnson, Leanor Boulin; Staples, Robert E.

1979-01-01

4

42 CFR 59.5 - What requirements must be met by a family planning project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements must be met by a family planning project? 59.5 Section 59.5...requirements must be met by a family planning project? (a) Each project supported...abortion as a method of family planning. A project must: (i) Offer...

2010-10-01

5

42 CFR 59.5 - What requirements must be met by a family planning project?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements must be met by a family planning project? 59.5 Section 59.5...requirements must be met by a family planning project? (a) Each project supported...abortion as a method of family planning. A project must: (i) Offer...

2009-10-01

6

Screening family planning needs: an operations research project in Guatemala.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Public sector health care providers in rural Guatemala have infrequently offered family planning information and services in routine visits. This operations research project tested a strategy to modify certain practices that prevent health workers from proactively screening clients' needs and meeting them. METHODS: The research design was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest-follow-up comparison group design. Health districts, which comprise health centers and posts, were purposively assigned to intervention or comparison groups to assure comparability of the two groups. The strategy was based on a job-aid designed to guide health workers in screening clients' reproductive intentions and family planning needs, help them to offer contraceptive methods if the woman expressed interest, and facilitate the provision of the method chosen at the time of the visit. The strategy was implemented at intervention sites during a period of six months. Upon completion of post-intervention measurements, the strategy was scaled up to the comparison sites, and a follow-up assessment was conducted nine months later. Results were evaluated by conducting three rounds of exit interviews with women exposed to the risk of unwanted pregnancy. RESULTS: Study results showed a two to five-fold increase in providers' screening of clients' reproductive intentions. The proportion of clients who received information about contraceptives increased from 8% at the baseline to 42% immediately post-intervention, and 36% at the follow-up survey. The intervention also proved successful in improving the role service providers play in offering women a chance to ask questions and assisting women in making a selection. The proportion of women who received a method, referral or appointment increased and remained high in the intervention group, although no change was seen in the comparison group after their participation in the strategy. CONCLUSION: The easy-to-use job aid developed for this project proved useful for screening clients' needs and reducing providers' reluctance to discuss family planning with clients and offer contraceptive services. Such family planning screening devices can be useful in traditional settings where both providers and clients shy away from discussing family planning issues. PMID:15132752

Mendez, Francisco; Lopez, Felipe; Brambila, Carlos; Burkhart, Marianne

2004-05-01

7

Family Planning & Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is an International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) annotated bibliography of books and articles concerned with family planning and literacy. The subject is divided into four major listings: (1) Literacy; (2) Education; (3) Literacy and Family Planning; and (4) Functional Literacy/Family Planning Projects and Programs.…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

8

Characteristics of family planning acceptors at a Primary Health Care Project in Lagos, Nigeria.  

PubMed

Analysis of data collected from the family planning section of a Primary Health Care Project in Lagos, shows that the majority of the 275 acceptors in 1979 were aged 25-39 years. 96% of the clients were married. 1 explanation is that unmarried women may be wary of coming forth for family planning, as this might indicate that they have an active sexual life in a culture which is probably still conservative. Clients with 2ndary and post 2ndary education are over represented. This underscores the importance of education in stimulating demand for family planning in the population. A comparison of the data with those from the Lagos University Hospital in 1972 shows that women with 2 or fewer children continue to be under presented in relation to their proportion in the population. The number of children and the age of the acceptors suggests that people in this environment tend to adopt modern family planning after completion of their family, rather than to space children. Catholics seem to be over represented in the data. Lower socioeconomic groups patronize the clinic more than the higher socioeconomic groups or professionals. The majority of the clients were referred by nurse-midwives and friends. The most common method of family planning was the IUD, followed by the pill. It was felt that part of the reason for the much lower clinic continuation rate for the pill was due to the fact that patients may continue on the pill without the knowledge of the clinic. It was also found that even though the project was catering to a geographically demarcated target population, most clients came from outside of the area, and some from very far away. This suggests that other strategies for delivery of family planning services may be called for. PMID:3991875

Olukoya, A A

1985-01-01

9

Strengthening government health and family planning programs: findings from an action research project in rural Bangladesh.  

PubMed

An ongoing study at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) is based on the premise that public sector health and family planning programs can be improved through an assessment of the dysfunctional aspects of their operations, the development of problem-solving capabilities, and the transfer of strategies successfully tested in a small-scale pilot project. This paper reports findings from a field trial implemented in a subunit of the project area at an early stage of the project. Operational barriers to public sector program implementation are discussed with regard to the quantity of work, the quality of work, supplies and facilities, integration of health and family planning, and leadership, supervision, and decision making. Initial results of the ICDDR,B intervention on these managerial processes are also indicated. PMID:6495361

Simmons, R; Phillips, J F; Rahman, M

10

Welcome address [to Workshop/Seminar for More Effective Promotion and Management of Integrated Projects (Family Planning and Parasite Control)].  

PubMed

The Project to Integrate Family Planning with Parasite Control was first launched in 1975; currently it has 6 member countries, with several more Asian and Latin American countries planning to develop similar projects. The Integrated Approach has proved beneficial in stimulating further research in parasitology, family planning and related fields. One of the aims of this workshop is to evaluate the administrative/management aspect of the project, particularly in the areas of community participation and mobilization, resource needs, coordination and credibility of the project. Although family planning or fertility regulation is not an end in itself, its importance lies in its role in controlling population growth and hence in its contribution to the betterment of the social and material well-being of the population. Unfortunately, most governments today are faced with many constraints on their administrative efforts and responsibilities, and family planning programs are no exceptions. It is hoped that this workshop will shed new light on how to improve the implementation of family planning projects. PMID:12179401

Aziz, N L

1979-10-01

11

Innovations from the Integrated Family Planning and Parasite Control Project: PDA experience.  

PubMed

Since 1976, the Integrated Family Planning and Parasite Control (IP) has been conducted by the Population and Community Development Association (PDA) through the financial support of the Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP). Family planning was integrated with other activities starting with parasite control and then environmental sanitation. In 1976, PDAs activities were focused on a community-based delivery (CBD) system for contraception in rural Thailand. In the IPs first years, the PDA conducted mass treatment campaigns using both the local plant "maklua" and modern medicines. Various motivational activities were included, such as letting children see the parasites under a microscope. Many villagers showed up for treatment. Later, however, they were reinfected and failed to get further treatment. Since 1981, the major emphasis of the IP rural program has been to push building of latrines and improved water resources. PDA has started a major project for safe storage of rainwater. Some 11,300 liter bamboo-reinforced concrete rainwater storage tanks are being built in northeast Thailand. Giant water jars for rainwater catchment with a 2000-liter capacity are produced. The financing of PDAs environmental sanitation construction activities is unique. Villagers pay back the cost of the raw materials of the tank, latrine, or jar they received. Repayments go into a revolving fund which can be lent to other families. Peer pressure has made repayment levels approach or exceed 100% in target districts. Villagers are trained to produce the casings, bricks, and other things needed for building. Individuals from building crews are selected and given special training in construction techniques and are taught the potential health benefits of each activity. These people become village sanitation engineers. Villagers can engage in income-generating activities and receive technical assistance from the PDA. The IP has taken on a community participation approach. The PDAs Family Planning (FP) Health Checkup Program is the urban version of the IP. In 1989, the PDA sold 11,109 cycles of pills and 2100 packages of 3-piece condoms through FP volunteers based in 459 enterprises. These FP volunteers also tell their co-workers about parasite control and other issues that they learned from the annual refresher courses. The PDA also does school health checkup services. The PDA generated funds to keep the programs ongoing. The Thai government actively supports the work of the nongovernmental organizations. PMID:12316328

Phawaphutanond, P

1990-04-01

12

Providing maternal and child health-family planning services to a large rural population: results of the Bohol Project, Philippines.  

PubMed

The Bohol Project (1975-1979) sought to improve maternal and child health and to increase the use of family planning among a rural Philippine population of 400,000. Research indicated that maternal and child health (MCH) services did become more available during the Project period and coverage of the priority populations improved. Family planning (FP) use, particularly of less effective methods, increased and fertility declined although some change could have been expected even without the Project. Deaths due to neonatal tetanus were almost eliminated by mortality rates did not decline for a number of reasons, including the fact that services were probably not tailored closely enough to local health problems, especially respiratory diseases. The Project showed that it was possible to increase health and family planning services by using low-cost strategies (such as setting up community drug stores) and by employing paramedical workers, in this case, midwives. Preventive MCH-FP services were not overwhelmed by curative services as had been feared. Perhaps the most significant contributions of the Project were the lessons learned about delivering health and family planning services and conducting evaluation research. In general, if developing countries could maintain well-evaluated field laboratories for working out health and family planning delivery approaches before going nationwide, it is likely that time and money would be saved in the long run. PMID:6848001

Williamson, N E; Parado, J P; Maturan, E G

1983-01-01

13

Singing about family planning.  

PubMed

The Nigerian Family Health services project teamed up with the Johns Hopkins University's Population Communication Services to produce songs called "Choices" and "Wait for Me." The songs, which were about sexual responsibility, were performed by popular music stars King Sunny Ade and Onyeka Onwenu and appeared under King Sonny Ade's long playing albums in 1989. Teaching sexual responsibility through song was suggested in focus group discussions. Findings indicated that young people were responsive to messages about sexual responsibility, postponing sex or saying "no," male sexual responsibility, and children by informed choice and not chance among married couples. An impact assessment of the songs was conducted in February, 1991. Survey findings revealed that 64% of urban and 22% of rural respondents recalled having heard the songs and seen the videos. 48% of urban youth discussed the songs with friends, and 27% discussed the songs with sexual partners. 90% of respondents reported agreement with the message that couples should have only the number of children that they can care for, and that couples should practice family planning. The target population that was affected most by the songs was aged less than 35 years. The strategy of using songs to teach youth responsible parenting appears to be a reliable strategy for mass education and mobilization. There is mass support from among members of the National Council for Women's Societies, the Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria, and Coca Cola Corporation, as well as the public at large. PMID:12318626

Emah, E

14

Natural family planning.  

PubMed

Natural family planning methods provide a unique option for committed couples. Advantages include the lack of medical adverse effects and the opportunity for participants to learn about reproduction. Modern methods of natural family planning involve observation of biologic markers to identify fertile days in a woman's reproductive cycle. The timing of intercourse can be planned to achieve or avoid pregnancy based on the identified fertile period. The current evidence for effectiveness of natural family planning methods is limited to lower-quality clinical trials without control groups. Nevertheless, perfect use of these methods is reported to be at least 95 percent effective in preventing pregnancy. The effectiveness of typical use is 76 percent, which demonstrates that motivation and commitment to the method are essential for success. Depending on the method, couples can learn about natural family planning methods in a single office visit, through online instruction, or from certified instructors. PMID:23157145

Smoley, Brian A; Robinson, Christa M

2012-11-15

15

Law and family planning.  

PubMed

This discussion of law and family planning reviews some recent reports of the Australain Law Reform Commission (ALRC), the law as it affects family planning and the sexuality of young people with reference to the Irish dilemma, the law's approach in Ingland, Canada, and the US. The ALRC works only on references recived by it from the Federal Attorney General. No reference so far received has been specific to the issues of family planning, but some past and present projects are partly relevant. The most recent report of the ALRC, tabled in Federal Parliament in December 1983 related to privacy protection. An issue that arose in this inquiry related to the subject of the rights to privacy of young people. In a discussion paper the ALRC had suggestd that young persons between the ages of 12-16 should have certain defined legal protection of privacy, even against their parents. Specifically, the ALRC was thinking of medical advice and school counseling. Obviously the issue of contraceptive advice was raised in this context, and never has a tenative proposal of the ALRC engendered so much bitter criticism. The Commission modified its proposal on this topic and the details of the revised proposals are disclosed in its report. Clearly, the rights of young people in regard to sexual advice, education, and treatment are matters of great controversy and strongly divided community opinion. In Australia there are some who are totally opposed to family planning for themselves, their children, and even for others. Such opposition exists in the medical profession. Presumably, such people base their views on strongly held moral principles. They generally believe that contraception interferes in the ways of nature. Far from being promoted by open discussion and instruction in the schools, such matters are intimate concerns of a small circle, principally the family. In dealing with those aspects that concern the rights of parents in thes matters, attention turns to England's Gillick case. Because the Australian legal system is so similar to England's the resulting decision can offer instruction. Judge Woolf of Londons High Court of Justice dismissed Mrs. gillick's case. According to the report, children under the age of 16 years are entitled, in England, to receive contraceptive advice without the knowledge or consent of their parents, at least where the alternatives sought to be prevented were unwanted pregnancies, abortions, and veneral diseases. Woolf reportedly viewed the prescription of the contraceptive pill as not so much "an instrument for a crime or anything essential to its commission, "but a palliative against the consequences of the crime, that is, unlawful sexual relations. In Canada the debate has been vigorous and, except in Quebec (where there is a statutory oligation to inform parents), it also proceeds against the background of the English common law. In 1976 the US Supreme Court held that a state law could not constitutionally impose a blanket requirement of parental consent on a minor having an abortion during the 1st trimester of her pregnancy. In Australia there is law reform and social reform to be carried out. PMID:6700494

Kirby, M D

1984-03-17

16

American Families Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the "American Families Project," in which students from two or more schools participate in a creative writing, historical research activity, each playing a role in a fictitious family living in 1838 and corresponding with each other. (RS)|

Medeiros, Ray

1992-01-01

17

Natural Family Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Natural Family Planning (NFP) is one of the oldest practiced methods of birth control. Also known by the names Periodic Abstinence,\\u000a Rhythm Method, and Fertility Awareness Method, it can be used either for pregnancy prevention or planning and is acceptable\\u000a to all major religious groups. Although it is not a popular method of birth control, there are couples who still

Dawn Brink-Cymerman

18

Asian Family Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid population growth in the Third World has been accompanied by the creation of national family planning programs, which attempt to slow growth rates through programs aimed at the prevention of births. These programs represent large scale, modern bureaucratic health delivery systems that are transplanted from the industrialized world. They raise the problem of whether such modern organizations can have

Gayl D. Ness; Karl R. Landis

1987-01-01

19

Balance in family planning.  

PubMed

Family planning has been so effective in Singapore that a risk exists of there being too few young people to sustain the country's economy in the twenty-first century. Relaxation of birth control policies and immigration laws offers hope that this problem will be averted. PMID:2637705

Singh, K; Viegas, O A; Ratnam, S S

1989-01-01

20

Project Planning and Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a With projects growing in complexity and size, their planning and control becomes an increasingly important project management\\u000a function. Elementary methods and tools for accomplishing this task are described in this chapter. Basically, project planning\\u000a consists of developing a schedule and a budget for the execution of the project. Most commonly, this is done by applying network\\u000a based planning methods. Due

Robert Klein

21

Project planning approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will discuss the project planning approach utilized by Rockwell Hanford Operations in outdoor cleanup activities. The discussion will address the rationale and requirements as well as description of the planning documents. In addition, a recommended adaptation of this approach to a large scale environmental cleanup process is included. The three major elements of Rockwell Hanford's project planning approach

Toomey

1979-01-01

22

Family Reunification Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utah's Department of Human Services' Family Reunification Project was initiated to demonstrate that intensive, time-limited, home-based services would enable children in foster care to return to their natural families more rapidly than regular foster care management permits. The following steps were taken in project development: (1) sites were…

Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.

23

Disparities in Family Planning  

PubMed Central

Prominent racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in rates of unintended pregnancy, abortion, and unintended births exist in the United States. These disparities can contribute to the cycle of disadvantage experienced by specific demographic groups when women are unable to control their fertility as desired. In this review we consider three factors which contribute to disparities in family planning outcomes: patient preferences and behaviors, health care system factors, and provider related factors. Through addressing barriers to access to family planning services, including abortion and contraception, and working to ensure that all women receive patient-centered reproductive health care, health care providers and policy makers can substantially improve the ability of women from all racial/ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds to make informed decisions about their fertility.

Dehlendorf, Christine; Rodriguez, Maria Isabel; Levy, Kira; Borrero, Sonya; Steinauer, Jody

2009-01-01

24

A family planning miracle.  

PubMed

1991 data indicate that Tamil Nadu has achieved zero population growth. This feat has been accomplished not through the efforts of a concerned and committed family planning program, but as a side effect of a statewide elementary school lunch program launched by the new Chief Minister in 1977. Anyone attending school was guaranteed at least one nutritious meal per day. Children attended schools, schools proliferated, teachers were hired, and students were educated. Many students ate only part of their meals, and offered the rest to younger siblings at home. The positive nutritional effects of the program therefore filtered to children both in and out of school. In addition to teachers, local women were hired to cook the meals. They were compensated for their work in both monetary terms and by taking some of the excess school food back to their homes for later consumption. Maternal and child nutrition benefitted from this program, while children, especially female children, stayed in school for more years than they may have otherwise. a healthier, better educated cohort of girls matured into young women capable of reading and following the prescriptions of widespread family planning messages disseminated by the Chief Secretary of the state who was obsessed about family planning. A functioning system of elementary education remains in Tamil Nadu which continues to influence fertility. The author believes that the success in reducing population growth in Tamil Nadu can and must be replicated in all states of India. PMID:12288800

Aiyer, M S

1993-10-01

25

Research in family planning: 1.  

PubMed

This article illustrates the main trends of the activities of the World Health Organization's Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction during the years 1980-81. In 1981, 80 countries, including 54 developing countries, were involved in the program. The Special Programme explores how to involve the community in family planning. 2 factors which clearly emerged from some of the studies were the conflict between the high esteem in which fertility is held, and the realization of the economic constraint of a large family; another factor is the widespread acceptance in many developing countries of extramarital or relatives' children within a family. Obviously, the community, rather than the family or the individual, should be the target for education and information. Protocols for studies, training manuals, mechanics for supervision and evaluation were prepared by the program. The very good results of 2 pilot studies, in Thailand and in Turkey, training midwives and nurses to provide medical services, have prompted the extension of these services at a national level with highly satisfactory results. Projects to integrate fertility regulation services into the primary health care system of a country have been developed in several countries; the most advanced of these projects, tested in Sri Lanka, was so successful that its inclusion on a national scale was recommended. Studies on the cost of illegally induced abortion on national health services have prompted changes in family planning legislation in many countries. Other studies have shown the effects on maternal and child health of the timing, spacing, and number of pregnancies. Shortage of trained manpower is still a great constraint on the development of services and research in family planning. PMID:7147930

1982-01-01

26

Project planning through optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given as follows. Projects exposed to an uncertain environment must deal with effective integration of various planning elements and optimization of project parameters. Time cost and quality are the prime objectives of a project that are to be optimized to fulfil the objective of project achievement. Moreover, in uncertain environments, there exists a lot of other conflicting

P. K. Dey; S. Mukherjee; A. Bhattacharya

1997-01-01

27

Men's Family Learning Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Men's Family Learning Project was conducted in Bristol to induce men, many of whom were unemployed, to take advantage of learning opportunities and to volunteer to interact with children in the Hareclive Primary School. Following a survey of educational needs in the community, a project director (a male with experience as a volunteer and ties…

Bryant, Duane; Robinson, George; Taylor, Jane

28

The need for family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine the evidence on the need for family planning. The available evidence on current levels\\u000a of unmet need for contraceptives, fertility preferences, and the non-contraceptive benefits of family planning is reviewed.\\u000a I argue that expansion of family planning programs is still needed. These programs provide couples with tools to reach their\\u000a desired family

Ndola Prata

2007-01-01

29

Family Planning Handbook for Doctors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) believes that all people have the right to family planning information, including premarital and marital counseling, contraception information, and sex education. This physician's handbook is designed to provide all doctors with the necessary instructions on the latest family planning methods…

Kleinman, Ronald L., Ed.

30

HIV\\/STD Risk and Sexual Strategies Among Women Family Planning Clients in New York: Project FIO  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes among 360 family planning clients in an HIV epicenter, women's HIV\\/STD risk characteristics, the barriers and facilitators of condom use within the context of relationships, and the use of alternative strategies for protection. Women attending the clinic were recruited for an HIV\\/STD preventive intervention and interviewed at baseline. At least 1 risk factor was reported by 77%,

Anke A. Ehrhardt; Theresa M. Exner; Susie Hoffman; Israela Silberman; Sandra Yingling; Jessica Adams-Skinner; Linda Smart-Smith

2002-01-01

31

Material Stabilization Project Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This plan presents the overall objectives, description, justification and planning for the plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Materials Stabilization project. The intent of this plan is to describe how this project will be managed and integrated with other facility stabilization and deactivation activities. This plan supplements the overall integrated plan presented in the Plutonium Finishing Plant Integrated Project Management Plan (IPMP),

1999-01-01

32

Hurricane Preparedness: Family Disaster Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Hurricane Center's site for hurricane preparedness. Includes sample family disaster plan, checklist for supply kit, and links to background knowledge about storm surges, flooding, and high winds.

Center, National H.

2010-04-16

33

Spent Nuclear Fuel project, project management plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Spent Nuclear Fuel Project has been established to safely store spent nuclear fuel at the Hanford Site. This Project Management Plan sets forth the management basis for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project. The plan applies to all fabrication and construction projects, operation of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project facilities, and necessary engineering and management functions within the scope of the project

Fuquay, B.J.

1995-10-25

34

Population Growth: Family Planning Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These proceedings of the second annual symposium on population growth bring together speeches and panel discussions on family planning programs. Titles of speeches delivered are: Communicating Family Planning (Mrs. Jean Hutchinson); Effects of New York's Abortion Law Change (Dr. Walter Rogers); The Law and Birth Control, Sterilization and…

Doberenz, Alexander R., Ed.; Taylor, N. Burwell G., Ed.

35

Family planning saves lives.  

PubMed

Family planning (FP) saves lives through planned management of pregnancy. Healthy mothers produce healthy infants. Maternal mortality in developing countries was estimated in 1990 at 500,000 and infant and child mortality at 14 million. Empirical evidence shows that spacing births 2 years apart reduces the risk of infant mortality. FP also gives women the option of avoiding unwanted pregnancy, dangerous illegal abortions, and unhealthy childbearing conditions. The issues of infant and child survival maternal survival, the interaction between maternal and child health (MCH), program costs, and suggested actions are each discussed separately. Child deaths are mainly attributed to respiratory and diarrheal diseases, which are complicated by malnutrition: 23,000 child deaths/day in developing countries. Prevention is possible through breast feeding, immunization, adequate nutrition and hygiene, oral rehydration therapy, and birth spacing. Birth spacing is possible through prolonged breast feeding and/or use of oral contraceptives, injectables and implants, the IUD, condoms, and sterilization. The primary causes of maternal mortality are induced abortion (19%), toxemia (17%), hemorrhage (28%), infection (11%), obstructed labor (11%), and other 15%). The risks are related to a woman's health status and prior pregnancies and the quality and availability of prenatal and delivery care. The relationship between repeated childbearing and breast feeding and women's nutritional status is still being researched. Mortality in developing countries is due to more pregnancies and less access to medical care; advances in technology permit women to plan healthy reproductive lives. The Safe Motherhood Initiative is at work to remedy this situation. Childbearing is safer when women are aged 18-35 years, have fewer than 5 births, space births every 3 years, and do not have existing health problems. FP is cost-effective. The World Bank estimates that an increase in funding to US$10.50/capita would reduce maternal mortality by 50% and reduce infant mortality. Effective programs are characterized by 1) integrated MCH and FP programs, 2) expanded, quality services, 3) community-based distribution, 4) availability from all sectors, public and private, 5) IEC, 6) cultural sensitivity, 7) promotion of full breast feeding, and 8) AIDS education, information, and testing. PMID:12317826

1992-12-01

36

Family Preservation (Family Focus Research Project).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Family Focus Research project provided a comprehensive evaluation of home-based crisis intervention strategies for families with children at risk of placement into substitute care. It examined the relative costs and benefits of three types of brief, i...

J. R. Taplin C. Rowland

1983-01-01

37

Ecuador officially adopts family planning.  

PubMed

The Ecuadorian government has officially announced its plan to extend family planning services to all citizens via its public health service. This September 21 announcement by Raul Maldonado Mejia, Minister of Public Health, indicated that family planning will be integrated into health services on the basis of the following principles: 1) Ecuadorian family planning programs are a medical action aimed at improving the health of mothers and children; 2) family planning must be established as part of a total health service for in this way it can be available to all people; 3) the government, through the Ministry of Health, will control and supervise all family planning services that are provided by private and public organizations; 4) information and education is recognized as an important requisite that allows women to freely and responsibly seek out these services; 5) family planning programs will include in their efforts the early detection of gynecological cancer and the study and treatment of the infertile couple; and 6) the national government can conduct family planning programs with the criterion of responsible parenthood through its own technical facilities or through qualified institutions and organizations. PMID:12276787

1974-02-01

38

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section 59...AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2009-10-01

39

42 CFR 59.3 - Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Who is eligible to apply for a family planning services grant? 59.3 Section 59...AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.3 Who is...

2010-10-01

40

Zimbabwe: a family planning profile.  

PubMed

This brief article focuses on the history of family planning in Zimbabwe, available services, community-based distribution, contraceptive use, and program problems. Family planning services were first available in Zimbabwe in 1953. The Rhodesian Family Planning Association (RFPA) was established formally in 1965. RFPA distributed contraceptives in 1966 and trained for the first time "field educators" in 1967. The first community-based distributors were trained in 1972. The Ministry of Health integrated the RFPA into its department in 1981. In 1985, the family planning association became a parastatal and was renamed the Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC). Services today are provided through 37 family planning clinics. The distribution of contraceptives includes IUDs, condoms, pills, and injectables. Harare and Bulawayo centers receive referrals and perform tubal ligation, vasectomy, and infertility counseling. 700 community-based distributors (CBDs) received a 6-week training course in order to educate about oral contraceptives, encourage their use, and screen clients for high blood pressure and side effects for oral contraceptives. CBDs use bicycles to make home visits and also have access to motorcycles. Each CBD averages 135 clients/month. Most visits are revisits. CBDs provided 25.3% of family planning in 1988. Local clinics provided 19.1% of family planning. Ministry of Health facilities provided 14.8% of services. ZNFPC clinics provided 13.7% of services. Private doctors or pharmacies provided 2.3% of services. 38% of women currently in a union used family planning in 1984, and 43% used it in 1988. 36% in 1988 used modern methods. The pill was the most common method, followed by withdrawal. Logistics of supplies and equipment remain problematic. PMID:12290319

Manjanja, S

1993-03-01

41

Harvard Family Research Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1983, the Harvard Family Research Project (HFRP) has focused their work and research on complementary learning, which acknowledges that "children need multiple opportunities to learn and grow at home, in school, and in the community." Visitors will definitely want to check out the "Webinar Series", which can be found on the homepage. The archive consists of seven webinars consists that have been released monthly over the past year, and cover topics such as "Data Driven: Making Student and School Data Accessible and meaningful to Families" and "Ensuring School Readiness Through Successful Transitions". The learning doesn't stop with the webinars, as each webinar provides additional resources including research-based definition and framework, data use, and professional development. Many of these supplemental resources are from the HFRP website, and the combination of the webinar and reading materials can provide visitors with an in-depth introduction to the subject presented.

42

Strategies for Family Planning Promotion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The information, education, and communication (IEC) component of family planning programs can create awareness, increase knowledge, build approval, and influence behavior. Some important lessons from the past two decades, especially the 1980s, on designin...

P. T. Piotrow K. A. Treiman J. G. Rimon S. H. Yun B. V. Lozare

1994-01-01

43

Statutory prohibition on use of appropriated funds in programs where abortion is a method of family planning; standard of compliance for family planning services projects--PHS. Final rules.  

PubMed

The Public Health Service (PHS) amends the regulations governing the use of funds for family planning services under Title X of the Public Health Service Act in order to set specific standards for compliance with the statutory requirement that none of the funds appropriated under Title X may be used in programs where abortion is a method of family planning. It is expected that the amendments will improve compliance by grantees with the statute and facilitate monitoring of compliance by PHS. PMID:10285637

1988-02-01

44

Private sector joins family planning effort.  

PubMed

Projects supported by the Directorate for Population (S&T/POP) of the U.S. Agency for International Development and aimed at increasing for-profit private sector involvement in providing family planning services and products are described. Making products commercially available through social-marketing partnerships with the commercial sector, USAID has saved $1.1 million in commodity costs from Brazil, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Indonesia, and Peru. Active private sector involvement benefits companies, consumers, and donors through increased corporate profits, healthier employees, improved consumer access at lower cost, and the possibility of sustained family planning programs. Moreover, private, for-profit companies will be able to meet service demands over the next 20 years where traditional government and donor agency sources would fail. Using employee surveys and cost-benefit analyses to demonstrate expected financial and health benefits for businesses and work forces, S&T/POP's Technical Information on Population for the Private Sector (TIPPS) project encourages private companies in developing countries to invest in family planning and maternal/child health care for their employees. 36 companies in 9 countries have responded thus far, which examples provided from Peru and Zimbabwe. The Enterprise program's objectives are also to increase the involvement of for-profit companies in delivering family planning services, and to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of private volunteer organizations in providing services. Projects have been started with mines, factories, banks, insurance companies, and parastatals in 27 countries, with examples cited from Ghana and Indonesia. Finally, the Social Marketing for Change project (SOMARC) builds demand and distributes low-cost contraceptives through commercial channels especially to low-income audiences. Partnerships have been initiated with the private sector in 17 developing countries, with examples provided from the Dominican Republic, Liberia and Ecuador. These projects have increased private sector involvement in family planning, thereby promoting service expansion at lower public sector cost. PMID:12343476

1989-12-01

45

Family Research Project Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents an overview and progress report on the Family Research Project, started in 1974 to (1) study the relationship between family process and individual development of family members, especially children, (2) conceptualize and measure system level variables describing family structure and process, (3) develop microanalytic…

Bell, David C.; Bell, Linda G.

46

Family planning among the Maranaos.  

PubMed

An effort has been made to introduce population education concepts and family planning practice to the Maranaos of Lanao del Sur province in the southern Philippines. A survey conducted in 1969 revealed that an overwhelming majority were opposed to family planning, because of the belief that it ran counter to the teachings of the Koran. In 1969, Dansalan College 1st opened a maternity clinic and, subsequently, established a family planning clinic on campus, the only one of its kind in the province. Since the clinic began operations, a total of about 1370 acceptors have been recruited. The oral contraceptive is the most preferred method among the acceptors, accounting for 60%, followed by the injectable. Additionally, the college has integrated family planning and population education into its Community Service Program. Despite several years of effort by Dansalan College, however, Maranaos have failed to respond significantly to practicing family planning. College officials continue to be optimistic, recognizing that the effort will take years of motivating and education. PMID:12259638

Guerrero, A M

1976-01-01

47

Planning Styles in Single-Parent Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although family management scholars have identified family life cycle stages and educational and occupational status as factors that may influence planning in families, the influence of the family's life cycle stage and socioeconomic status on the planning process has not been empirically tested. Planning styles, family characteristics, and…

Buehler, Cheryl; Hogan, M. Janice

48

Knowledge-Based Project Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project management is a business process for successfully delivering one-of-a kind products and services under real-world time and resource constraints. Developing a project plan, a crucial element of project management, is a difficult task that requires significant experience and expertise. Interestingly, artificial intelligence researchers have developed both mixed-initiative and automated hierarchical planning systems for reducing planning effort and increasing plan

Héctor Muñoz-Avila; Kalyan Gupta; David W. Ah; Dana S. Nau

2001-01-01

49

USA aborts international family planning.  

PubMed

The US Agency for International Development (USAID) has been a leader in international family planning for almost 30 years, accounting for 46% of all funds in international family planning provided by OECD countries during 1991. Moreover, relative to other donor countries, the US supplies worldwide a disproportionate amount of contraceptives. While international family planning activities received $546 million in 1995, the budget was slashed in 1996 to $72 million. This unprecedented cut will have a profound effect upon the reproductive health and family planning choices of tens of millions of people in developing countries. Millions of additional unintended pregnancies and maternal and child deaths may result. 1996 began with the White House and Congress in political gridlock, with negotiations on foreign aid stalled on the issue of abortion. The Republican-led House of Representatives wanted to bar support of any nongovernmental organization (NGO) which also provided information on abortion, while Democratic President Bill Clinton affirmed that he would veto such legislation. At the end of January, the House passed the Balanced Budget and Down Payment Act (HR 2880) containing clauses which cut the aid budget by 35% and barring new money in the area of family planning until July 1. Spending was limited to the allocation of 6.5% of the total budget each month. Some social marketing programmers who distribute condoms and oral contraceptives are already feeling the pinch, and some programs will simply run out of contraceptives. This cut in funding also bodes ill for achieving the goals of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. There is, however, hope that the cuts will be reversed for the next fiscal year. The author notes survey findings which indicate that US citizens support higher budgets for family planning. PMID:8596311

Potts, M

1996-03-01

50

Family planning and the future.  

PubMed

The adoption of Title X in 1971 provided for public funding for family planning in the United States but funding from this program has not kept pace with demand for contraceptives. In 1997, The California Department of Public Health established the Family Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment (PACT) Program, a public-private partnership to meet the needs of Californians, including about a half-million adolescents, who did not have access to contraceptive services. The program has saved the state billions of dollars in maternity and abortion costs, dramatically reduced teen pregnancy rates, and serves as a good example for other states. PMID:21961822

Darney, Philip D

2011-04-29

51

Incentives to promote family planning  

PubMed Central

Objective Over the past 60 years, population control has become an increasingly urgent issue worldwide as a growing population strains already limited resources. The use of financial incentives to promote family planning is an innovative approach that has potential to make a contribution to efforts to better manage population growth. This report reviews eight studies that examined the effect of incentives on family planning. Method Published studies that tested the impact of incentives to promote some aspect of family planning and included an appropriate control or comparison condition were reviewed. Results Incentives have been used to promote attendance at contraceptive education sessions, adoption and continuation of contraceptive methods, sterilization, and to limit family size. All but one of the eight studies reviewed reported positive outcomes, but weaknesses in study design and execution limit the strength of the conclusions that can be drawn. Conclusion Review of this literature suggests that family planning behaviors, like other behaviors, are sensitive to incentives. Given the tremendous need for efficacious interventions in global efforts to manage population growth, further research on this topic using more rigorous experimental methods is warranted.

Heil, Sarah H.; Gaalema, Diann E.; Herrmann, Evan S.

2012-01-01

52

[Family planning among gipsy women].  

PubMed

Family is the major social unit of gipsy society. The basic value in ethno-culture of gypsies is children. As in almost all aspects of health, regarding the reproduction health and access to health care gipsy population do not have good enough indexes. The purpose of this research is to determine the information gipsy women have about family planning. The inquiry is conducted through 100 gipsy women in different ages in the village Bukovlak, Pleven municipality. PMID:20380105

Dilova, P; Popova, T; Atanassova, K; Samuilova, E

2009-01-01

53

A Family Planning Library Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual provides a concise and comprehensive 'how to' guide to starting and maintaining a family planning/population library. In addition to the step-by-step procedures necessary for acquiring and organizing book and non-book material, a classificatio...

B. Horowitz

1975-01-01

54

Family planning needs of adolescents.  

PubMed

Nurse practitioners working with teenagers need to take into consideration their level of psychosocial development. Examples of how nurse practitioners can provide family planning care to teenage clients based on their development are given. Two services, one center for young adolescents and one for college-age adolescents, are described. PMID:6562265

Lane, C; Kemp, J

55

Child and Family Support Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Child and Family Support Project (Ch.A.F.S.) was designed to facilitate and support access to and coordination of health care services for children with chronic conditions and their families to strengthen family capacity to care for their child in the...

R. B. Thomas

1988-01-01

56

Program planning for family planning services.  

PubMed

This exchange of opinions was occasioned by an article which appeared in the October 1969 Perspectives under the title Family Planning Services in the U.S.: a National Overview, 1968. Mr. Sieverts criticizes the article as follows. The ratio of unmet need claimed to available facilities is considered not properly stated in that all indigent girls and women from their midteens through their midforties do not need such services every year and that clinic services do not represent the total of such services available. Many have no such need. The private physician and hospital clinic provide much service. Development of new services should also consider demands, resources, and alternative solutions. Other health services must also be coordinated. Mr. Jaffe's defense follows. The stated need is an approximation by applying the Dryfoos-Pulgar-Varky (DPV) formula to the 1966 census figures. The need figure which results is about 5 million out of a total of over 8 million poor and near-poor women in the age group 15-44. This estimate is considered reasonably accurate. The number included but not in need is partially offset by some below the age of 18 who are also in need. Poor families have relatively less access to private physicians than others. This is shown by the number of women who deliver their babies on the ward service of hospitals without the presence of a private physician. Also, private physicians tend to give less attention to contraception for low income patients than do clinics. Many women depend on nonmedical and unreliable birth control measures. Family planning is not a one-time educational process. Revisits, continuing supervision, and check-up examinations are advocated particularly for IUD users and those taking pills. With current contraceptive technology adequate family planning services contemplates care extending for most of the patient's reproductive years. Resources require allocation. The study rests on the findings that the poor have a higher incidence of unwanted fertility than the nonpoor with significant adverse health and social consequences for both the individual and society. The study was a systematic attempt to achieve a national goal of providing modern family planning services to all who need and want them but cannot afford private care. PMID:5520626

Sieverts, S

1970-03-01

57

Project Management Plan Solution Stabilization  

SciTech Connect

This plan presents the overall objectives, description, justification and planning for the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Solutions Stabilization subproject. The intent of this plan is to describe how this project will be managed and integrated with other facility stabilization and deactivation activities. This plan supplements the overall integrated plan presented in the Integrated Project Management Plan (IPMP) for the Plutonium Finishing Plant Stabilization and Deactivation Project, HNF-3617. This project plan is the top-level definitive project management document for the PFP Solution Stabilization subproject. It specifies the technical, schedule, requirements and the cost baselines to manage the execution of the Solution Stabilization subproject. Any deviations to the document must be authorized through the appropriate change control process.

SATO, P.K.

1999-08-31

58

Integration of an Essential Services Package (ESP) in Child and Reproductive Health and Family Planning with a Microcredit Program for Poor Women: Experience from a Pilot Project in Rural Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

In early 1992, a two-phased pilot project, initially integrating a micro-credit program for poor women with a family planning and expanded program of immunization (EPI) (in the first phase) and subsequently and incrementally with an essential services package (ESP) in reproductive and maternal and child health (in the second phase), was initiated in rural Bangladesh. Data on the project show

Ruhul Amin; Maurice St. Pierre; Ashraf Ahmed; Runa Haq

2001-01-01

59

Managing enterprise resource planning projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to help managers to successfully plan, implement, and operate enterprise resource planning (ERP) projects using a risk management framework. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper adopted a combined literature review and case study method. Using literature review, the paper first identified major issues of managing ERP projects and develops a risk management framework for

Prasanta Kumar Dey; Benjamin Thomas Clegg; David J. Bennett

2010-01-01

60

Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) identifies the Westinghouse Hanford Co. (WHC) Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all contractors involved in the planning and execution of the design, construction, testing and inspection of the 200 Area Effluent BAT\\/AKART Implementation, Project W-291.

1995-01-01

61

Project MOVE Program Planning Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program planning kit contains information and activities on evaluation, change, leadership, and sex stereotyping which provided the basis for planning Project MOVE (Maximizing Options in Vocational Education) programs but which can be generalized and adapted for use in planning other programs. Assumptions ano guidelines based upon theory and…

Farris, Charlotte J.

62

Genetic counselling in family planning.  

PubMed

The family planning program is not restricted to population control; it also aims at the wider aspect of family welfare and human health. A large number of human diseases are due to genetic abnormalities. Examples are mongolism (Down's syndrome), ovarian dysgenesis (Turner's syndrome), nonfunctional testes (Klinefelter's syndrome), chronic myeloid leukemia, anemia, thalassemia, congenital malformations, and schizophrenia. Mental defects include imbeciles and the feebleminded. Constitutional diseases include diabetes, idiopathic epilepsy, pernicious anemia, and some thyroid abnormalities. Some chronic diseases also have a significant genetic component in their etiology, such as asthma and other allergies. About half of the stillbirths and embryonic wastage are suspected of being due to genetic malformations. Consanguinity has an important bearing on malformations and developmental anomalies. In India, where consanguinity is more frequent, malformations per 1000 births were 8.6 and 3.1 in 2 centers studied. Neural tube defects, harelip, cleft palate, and malformations of the gut and of limbs were prevalent. The population that needs genetic counseling is not large. Persons suffering from hereditary dise ases having a high risk of transmission should be advised to refrain fro m having children. A correct diagnosis, complete family history, and kn owledge of the literature on inherited disease is needed by the counselo rs. Family planning programs should include genetic counseling. PMID:12254320

Kumar, P

1968-11-01

63

Men and Family Planning. Worldwatch Paper 41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph focuses on men's potentially positive role in family planning. In addition, it identifies reasons why so few organized family planning programs have targeted men as clients and why men have so often played a peripheral or negative role in family planning. The document is presented in seven chapters. Chapter I introduces the topic…

Stokes, Bruce

64

Natural Family Planning in Mauritius, Indian Ocean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discontinuation from family planning programs remains a major service delivery problem, despite rapid advances in family planning methods technology, packaging, and advertising. This study explored factors associated with discontinuance from an island-wide natural family planning progmm in Mauritius, Indian Ocean. Two stratified random samples of 350 (1980) and 300 (1976) acceptors were examined. Data were gathered from three sources: records,

Geraldine L. Conner; Nancy W. Veeder

1985-01-01

65

Helping the news media cover family planning.  

PubMed

To make informed choices about family planning, women and men need accurate information in the media as well as in the clinic. The media are looking for news important to the millions of people they reach each day. Thus helping the news media cover family planning fully and accurately merits the efforts of every family planning program. PMID:8706967

Robey, B; Stauffer, P

1995-11-01

66

Material Stabilization Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan presents the overall objectives, description, justification and planning for the plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Materials Stabilization project. The intent of this plan is to describe how this project will be managed and integrated with other facility stabilization and deactivation activities. This plan supplements the overall integrated plan presented in the Plutonium Finishing Plant Integrated Project Management Plan (IPMP), HNF-3617, Rev. 0. This is the top-level definitive project management document that specifies the technical (work scope), schedule, and cost baselines to manager the execution of this project. It describes the organizational approach and roles/responsibilities to be implemented to execute the project. This plan is under configuration management and any deviations must be authorized by appropriate change control action. Materials stabilization is designated the responsibility to open and stabilize containers of plutonium metal, oxides, alloys, compounds, and sources. Each of these items is at least 30 weight percent plutonium/uranium. The output of this project will be containers of materials in a safe and stable form suitable for storage pending final packaging and/or transportation offsite. The corrosion products along with oxides and compounds will be stabilized via muffle furnaces to reduce the materials to high fired oxides.

SPEER, D.R.

1999-09-01

67

PLANNING QUALITY IN GEOSPATIAL PROJECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation will briefly review some legal drivers and present a structure for the writing of geospatial Quality Assurance Projects Plans. In addition, the Geospatial Quality Council geospatial information life-cycle and sources of error flowchart will be reviewed....

68

HANDI 2000 project execution plan  

SciTech Connect

The HANDI 2000 project will meet some of the major objectives and goals of the PHMC Management and Integration Plan, HNF-MP-00, Rev. 11, by integrating the major Hanford business processes and their supporting information systems.

BENNION, S.I.

1999-09-09

69

DAF Glovebox Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document defines how the glovebox project will be managed and executed. It provides a path forward for establishing a glovebox capability in Building 341 of the DAF in time to meet JASPER programmatic requirements as the first user. Note that some elements of the glovebox project have been under way for some time and are more mature than others;

M. W. Martinez; R. L. Higgs

2000-01-01

70

42 CFR 441.20 - Family planning services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Family planning services. 441.20 Section...General Provisions § 441.20 Family planning services. For recipients eligible under the plan for family planning services, the plan must...

2009-10-01

71

42 CFR 441.20 - Family planning services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Family planning services. 441.20 Section...General Provisions § 441.20 Family planning services. For recipients eligible under the plan for family planning services, the plan must...

2010-10-01

72

Optimal construction project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of the construction industry combined with the lack of appropriate techniques and technologies suitable for construction work are among the main reasons for inadequate industry performance. Researchers need to develop a better understanding of the construction industry and develop approaches and technologies that will enable construction companies to do a better job in estimating, planning, and control. A

Simaan AbouRizk; Yasser Mohamed

2002-01-01

73

River Protection Project (RPP) Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Office of River Protection (ORP) Project Management Plan (PMP) for the River Protection Project (RPP) describes the process for developing and operating a Waste Treatment Complex (WTC) to clean up Hanford Site tank waste. The Plan describes the scope of the project, the institutional setting within which the project must be completed, and the management processes and structure planned for implementation. The Plan is written from the perspective of the ORP as the taxpayers' representative. The Hanford Site, in southeastern Washington State, has one of the largest concentrations of radioactive waste in the world, as a result of producing plutonium for national defense for more than 40 years. Approximately 53 million gallons of waste stored in 177 aging underground tanks represent major environmental, social, and political challenges for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). These challenges require numerous interfaces with state and federal environmental officials, Tribal Nations, stakeholders, Congress, and the US Department of Energy-Headquarters (DOE-HQ). The cleanup of the Site's tank waste is a national issue with the potential for environmental and economic impacts to the region and the nation.

NAVARRO, J.E.

2001-03-07

74

Project Execution Plan, Rev. 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

This plan addresses project activities encompassed by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office, Environmental Restoration Division and conforms to the requirements contained in the Life-Cycle Asset Management, DOE Order 430.1A; The Joint Program Office Policy on Project Management in Support of DOE Order 430.1; Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital

2002-01-01

75

Project Planning and Scheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter focuses on the planning and scheduling of jobs that are subject to precedence constraints. The setting may be\\u000a regarded as a parallel machine environment with an unlimited number of machines. The fact that the jobs are subject to precedence\\u000a constraints implies that a job can start with its processing only when all its predecessors have been completed. The

Michael L. Pinedo

76

Project Management Plan. Final.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The mission of the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is explicitly stated and directed in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978, Public Law 95-604, 42 USC 7901 (hereinafter referred to as the ''Act''). Title I of the ...

1988-01-01

77

Iran rebuilds family planning services.  

PubMed

After the revolution, the Islamic Republic of Iran instituted pronatalist policies which included lowering the minimum marriage age for girls to 9 years, abolishing some laws securing women's rights, and limiting availability of family planning (FP) services. By 1983, Iran's population growth rate was 3.9% which was among the highest worldwide. Before the revolution, Iran had 37 million people. About 2 million more people were added each year, resulting in a population size of 60 million by 1992. By the mid-1980s, economic development stood idle, there were not enough houses, children attended schools on 3 shifts, and malnutrition was spreading. In 1989, the government formed a population council and reestablished FP services. It also increased the minimum age of marriage for girls to 13 years, slightly improved women status, and eliminated fertility incentives for couples with at least 4 children. It also significantly increased funding for FP (from 560 million to 13 billion rials between 1990 and 1992). Government spending for FP will likely increase 2% annually until 2011. The government initiated a promotion of FP mass media campaign, emphasizing a 2-child family. Some posters showed a family with 2 girls. The mass media campaign promoted specific contraceptive methods (even tubal occlusion and vasectomy), a practice other Middle Eastern countries not do. 80% of sterilization acceptors claimed to learn about sterilization from the radio or newspapers. The Ministry of Health has invited the Association for Voluntary Surgical Contraception (AVSC) to help with its campaign to update sterilization techniques, including the non scalpel vasectomy technique. AVSC hopes to become even more involved in helping Iran update its national FP program. PMID:12318289

Butta, P

1993-07-01

78

Family planning in the United Arab Republic.  

PubMed

Discussion of the family planning program in the United Arab Republic (UAR) is presented. The Supreme Council for Family Planning was set up in 1965 with the aim of organizing programs of family planning in the UAR as well as setting up time schedules for execution, supervision, follow-up, and evaluation. In 1966, The National Planning Program started to operate 1,991 centers in urban and rural areas for women requesting oral contraceptives. By July of 1969, the number of centers reached 2700. However only villages with government health units have family planning centers. Each center is fully equipped and has a doctor, nurse or midwife, 1 or 2 assistant midwives, a social worker a clerk, and a worker. Centers now also offer IUD services. Propaganda and motivation in connection with family planning is discussed, as is training of personnel involved in the program. PMID:12254667

El-nomrossey, M M

1970-01-01

79

AIDS and family planning: Thailand conference breaks new ground.  

PubMed

The July 1990 2-day meeting in Pattaya, Thailand, attended by over 220 family planning practitioners was the first nationwide conference in the developing world to address integration of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention and education into the family planning service delivery system. The conference was co-sponsored by the Thailand Ministry of Public Health, the Thailand Fertility Research Association, and Family Health International, with funding from the US Agency for International Development and the Hewlett Foundation. As of September 1990, 22,075 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection--including 53 AIDS cases--has been documented in Thailand. There is general consensus that the actual number of HIV-infected persons is 50,000-100,000, with commercial sex workers, their clients, the clients' spouses, and newborns at highest risk. Conference organizers hope to boost AIDS prevention and control effectiveness by building on the already established cooperation between governmental and nongovernmental organizations in a nationwide network for family planning service delivery. A priority need is the development of counseling materials aimed at various target populations. A Women and AIDS Week is planned to involve women's groups. Another projected program centers on counseling men who visit commercial sex workers. In addition to AIDS education to family planning clients, family planning centers plan to provide counseling to contacts of HIV-infected persons and condoms to infected couples. At present, condoms are available at 18,000 family planning clinics and 10,000 pharmacies in Thailand. PMID:12283719

Finger, W R

1990-12-01

80

Project Execution Plan, Rev. 3  

SciTech Connect

This plan addresses project activities encompassed by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office, Environmental Restoration Division and conforms to the requirements contained in the Life-Cycle Asset Management, DOE Order 430.1A; The Joint Program Office Policy on Project Management in Support of DOE Order 430.1; Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE Order 413.3; the Project Execution and Engineering Management Planning Guide, GPG-FM-010; and other applicable Good Practice Guides; and the FY 2001 Integrated Planning, Accountability, and Budgeting System Policy Guidance. The plan also reflects the milestone philosophies of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, as agreed to by the State of Nevada, the DOE, and the U.S. Department of Defense; and traditional project management philosophies such as the development of life-cycle costs, schedules, and work scope; identification o f roles and responsibilities; and baseline management and controls.

IT Corporation, Las Vegas

2002-08-01

81

Project Execution Plan  

SciTech Connect

Created in 1989 to address over 50 years of environmental liabilities arising out of nuclear weapons production and testing in the United States since World War II, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Environmental Management (EM) Programs decade-long effort to reduce the costs of those environmental liabilities, collectively known as DOE's ''environmental mortgage,'' includes past as well as future cleanup costs associated with environmental contamination, hazardous and radioactive materials and wastes, contaminated buildings and facilities, and their associated risks. Tasked with the bulk of these cleanup efforts, the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office's (DOE/NV's), Nevada Environmental Restoration Project (NV ERP) is attempting to complete applicable corrective actions at inactive contaminated sites and facilities managed by DOE/NV, while at the same time protecting human health and the environment. Regulated under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, the objectives of the NV ERP are to identify the nature and extent of the contamination, determine its potential risk to the public and the environment, and to perform the necessary corrective actions in compliance with this and other state and federal regulations, guidelines, and requirements. Associated with this vast effort are approximately 2,000 sites both on and off of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) that were used primarily for nuclear testing and are addressed in the NV ERP. This includes sites that were underground areas where tests were actually conducted, contaminated surface soils resulting from aboveground testing activities, and sites that supported other related testing hardware paraphenalia and/or NTS real estate properties (e.g., underground storage tanks, leachfields, landfills, contaminated waste areas, injection wells, muckpiles, and ponds). To assist in this effort, a NV ERP Team was assembled which is composed of organizations from both the public and private sectors. The strategy to be employed for environmental restoration is based on commonality of work and the DOE EM Program's vision to remediate the contaminated sites on a project-specific, site-by-site basis over an approximate ten-year period to be completed by the year 2006.

DOE /NV

1999-03-22

82

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section 59...AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does one...

2009-10-01

83

42 CFR 59.4 - How does one apply for a family planning services grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false How does one apply for a family planning services grant? 59.4 Section 59...AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.4 How does one...

2010-10-01

84

Approaches to family planning in Muslim communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addressing the cultural and religious beliefs around the issue of family planning has been a big challenge for the international development community. The concept of family planning has raised some concerns regarding its acceptability within Muslim populations. While some Muslim states and organisations have adopted a rather cautious approach to the issue, others have gone to the extent of inviting

Najat El Hamri

2010-01-01

85

Family-Directed Transition Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide to family-directed transition planning is intended to help parents and students with disabilities take leading roles in the process of transition from school to post-school activities. First, a letter to families examines the challenge of change and the transition process. Section 2 examines regulations that affect transition planning,…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver. Div. of Special Education Services.

86

Men's approval of family planning in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This article attempts to evaluate men's approval of family planning in Bangladesh using the couple data set from the recent Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS), 1999-2000. Family planning approval is addressed both from individual and couple perspectives. Analysis of BDHS data shows that about 85% of the wives report that their husbands approve of family planning, which is lower than the wives' own approval rate (95%). Using the couple data set, husbands' characteristics were matched to the wives' responses on family planning approval. Regression analyses show that age, education, access to TV, inter-spousal communication, current use of family planning and the number of living children significantly determine family planning approval among both men as well as couples. Family planning approval was found to be much lower in Sylhet than in the other administrative divisions. Multilevel modelling analysis suggests almost negligible variation at the community level. The findings indicate the need for careful evaluation of the DHS questions in order to measure appropriately men's family planning attitudes. PMID:16490157

Islam, Mohammad Amirul; Padmadas, Sabu S; Smith, Peter W F

2006-03-01

87

Family Planning: Bosnian, Russian, Spanish, Nuer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide provides information in English, Bosnian, Russian, Spanish, and Nuer on family planning. Topics covered include a variety of birth control methods: abstinence, condoms, contraceptive foam, birth control pills, the Depo-Provera shot, the Norplant implant, diaphragms, intrauterine devices, natural family planning, sterilization, and the…

Anoka County Community Health and Environmental Services, Coon Rapids, MN.

88

Planning Styles in Single-Parent Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planning styles, family characteristics, and sociodemographic factors were examined in a purposive sample of 203 single parents. Three planning styles emerged: goal-centered, resource-centered, and constrained. Both single-parent mothers and fathers most frequently used a goal-centered planning style. Mothers who used a constrained style were…

Buehler, Cheryl; Hogan, M. Janice

1986-01-01

89

Military Family Coping Project - Phase 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Military Family Coping Project has been designed to examine the stress and adjustment issues surrounding deployments for Soldiers, Spouses and Parents of Soldiers. This project has the luxury of seeing soldiers in the context of their nuclear families...

J. W. Ellor

2012-01-01

90

Project planning in a friendly environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a planning technique which can be used to involve project participants in a team planning process. They develop the project plan with their colleagues and managers. The engineers and researchers are then the planners of their own project, and as such, have a direct influence on the credibility and reality of the plan. This technique is used for

Becktell

1983-01-01

91

World Family Map Project. Prototype Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2010, the "World Family Map Project" seeks to launch a research initiative that will track central indicators of family strength around the globe. The "World Family Map Project" (WFMP) would partner with Child Trends, a nonpartisan research organization in Washington, D.C., the Institute of Marriage and Family Canada, and research…

Wilcox, W. Bradford; Lippman, Laura; Whitney, Camille

2009-01-01

92

Project plans and time budgets in information systems projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general perception which permeates project management education and practice is that planning and control are necessary prerequisites for information systems (IS) project management success. We teach that the better the plan, the better the result. Although this assumption is intuitively plausible, empirical evidence of the relationships between planning and project management success, and control and project management success is

Hugo Rehesaar; Emma Beames

1998-01-01

93

Independent developer plans Wyoming project  

SciTech Connect

Little Horn Energy Wyoming, Inc. is proposing a project on the Dry Fork of the Little Big Horn River. The lower reservoir would be impounded by a roller-compacted concrete dam and an outlet tower on the upstream face of the dam would have multilevel intakes to allow selective temperature discharges into the Dry Fork. The asphalt-lined upper reservoir on an adjacent ridge would be contained by a 100 foot high rockfill embankment. Maximum planned daily drawdown is 45 ft. Preliminary plans call for water to drop through a 21 ft. diameter shaft to a manifold. Then ft. diameter penstocks would feed a four unit underground power house.

Not Available

1993-01-25

94

Family planning patterns in Sierra Leone.  

PubMed

Data gathered from 5952 currently married women and single women with children, 15-49 years of age, living in rural, urban, and Freetown (the largest metropolitan area), Sierra Leone has indicated that residence (urban or rural) is a greater influence on patterns of fertility and family planning than any other social or demographic factor. 10 detailed tables present an analysis of some of the social, cultural, and economic factors which have influenced existing family planning norms. Younger women seemed more influenced by social change, leading to a more positive position on family planning, although significant indications of this trend were apparent only in rural areas and their fertility was higher than that of their urban counterparts. Women in urban areas generally approved of family planning more than rural women, but data on those approving of but not practicing family planning indicates that efforts to increase approval may not necessarily increase practice. (Those approving but not practicing planning were: Freetown, 48.5%; towns, 56.0%; rural, 7.6%.) These figures may represent a transitional phase in the family planning process. However, most women are in economic or domestic roles that are unlikely to lead to change in their attitudes, which suggests that this transition will be difficult and slow. The high infant mortality rate, which tends to deny women their preferred number of children regardless of residence, intensifies the situation. PMID:5164356

Dow, T E

1971-10-01

95

Family planning not against any religion.  

PubMed

The 3-day siminar "Hum Do, Hamare Do," sponsored by Amrita Bazar Patrika and Jugantar, was addressed by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed and other top-ranking national and state leaders. The purpose of the seminar was to spread the message of family planning and counteract propaganda against it. The President congratulated the Indian press for sponsoring the seminar and proclaimed the duty of the mass media to involve the people in the struggle against poverty. He noted that although agricultural production has doubled and life expectancy has increased 50%, the rising population has negated any national progress. The common people must be convinced that family planning is vital to eradicate poverty and unemployment. It is false propaganda that family planning is not permitted by Islam and that Muslims have not adapted family planning. Nowhere in the Koran, the Hadis, or Jima is there prohibition of family planning. The family planning program, as part of an integrated health service, must be accepted by the people through the creation of an atmosphere where the norm of small families is acceptable to a very large section of the population. PMID:12277577

1976-10-01

96

Origins and Evolution of Family Planning Programs in Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Family planning programs exist in virtually every nation. As of 1998, 179 countries with 99 percent of the world's population had some form of family planning program. Despite their pervasiveness, family planning programs have caused controversy and drawn...

J. R. Seltzer

2002-01-01

97

AIDS: family planning workers join the battle.  

PubMed

Family planning workers all over the world are expanding their agenda to include AIDS education, counseling, and even blood tests, as they have always done for other sexually transmitted diseases. The Mexican Social Security Institute has produced a guide for family planning workers to educate them about AIDS. In Nigeria, clinics now have posters and other educational materials on HIV. In Haiti, a program to distribute condoms is being planned, and 2 trained social workers visit family planning clinics to educate and counsel people. In the U.S., Planned Parenthood has advised their clinics to counsel clients about AIDS based on risk assessments, and to provide voluntary HIV testing and referral. 350 people have been tested for HIV in the Planned Parenthood clinic in Walnut Creek, CA. The threat of an AIDS epidemic is no excuse for ceasing family planning in developing countries, because no one knows what the effect of AIDS will be on the population, but family planning is still an individual right and decision. WHO advises providers to advise that clients use 2 methods, barrier methods to protect against AIDS, and a modern effective method for contraception. PMID:12315657

1988-01-01

98

Cambodian refugees' family planning knowledge and use.  

PubMed

An ethnographic study was conducted within a Cambodian refugee community to discover information about Cambodian women's and men's knowledge and use of family planning methods. This 18-month study included participant observation at community and calendrical events, and within families' homes. Open-ended interviews were conducted with 53 informants from a variety of educational and socio-economic backgrounds. Both women and men were interviewed through a female bilingual interpreter when the informant lacked proficiency in speaking English. Major findings include a lack of knowledge among the sample about how the family planning methods work in the woman's body, and concerns about side-effects. Implications include the need to include Cambodian women and men in the planning and implementation of family planning programmes. PMID:7560523

Kulig, J C

1995-07-01

99

Natural family planning effectiveness: evaluating published reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To equip the reader with the tools necessary to evaluate studies of natural family planning (NFP) effectiveness found in the literature and to make recommendations for future NFP effectiveness studies.

V. Lamprecht; J. Trussell

1997-01-01

100

Family planning via the postpartum approach.  

PubMed

Since motivation for family planning is extremely high after delivery or abortion, women should be consulted about the use of contraception within 3 months postpartum. The International Postpartum Family Planning Program began in 1966 and now provides family planning information and services in 26 urban hospitals in 15 countries for women of low socioeconomic status. In the first 2 years, 236,000 acceptors were enrolled in the program out of an estimated target in developing countries of 1,870,000 women. Home visit follow up surveys found that 82% were continuing some method of contraception 18 months after initial acceptance. The cost has been $3.20 per acceptor. The rates of postpartum return visits have increased since the initiation of the postpartum family planning program. The Population Council is now extending the program to other countries of the developing world to work in rural as well as in urban areas. PMID:12177898

Zatuchni, G I

1969-10-01

101

Annotated Bibliography on Family Planning Communication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report deals with a selected bibliography for family planning communications research under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Health, Government of India. It presents the materials collected during the latter part of 1962 for the purpose of preparin...

U. Chowdhury

1970-01-01

102

Regional Impacts of the Family Assistance Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper presents estimates of the impact of the Family Assistance Plan (FAP) and similar income maintenance schemes based on any analysis of data from a 1967 Survey of Economic Opportunity. Regional economic development, regional poverty, and net migrat...

J. F. Kain R. Schafer

1971-01-01

103

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the Facility Monitoring Plans of the overall site-wide environmental monitoring plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with

Nickels

1991-01-01

104

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site Environmental Protection Plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic

Frazier

1994-01-01

105

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project surface project management plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Project Management Plan describes the planning, systems, and organization that shall be used to manage the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). US DOE is authorized to stabilize and control surface tailings and ground water contamin...

1994-01-01

106

The human right to family planning.  

PubMed

The right to decide the number and spacing of one's children is a guideline for state policy deriving its force from the depth of conviction it can arouse. Where family planning is viewed as necessary to the exercise of the more basic and enforceable rights, it has a legally enforceable character. Family planning is necessary for the equal protection of law as well as essential for the enjoyment of some classic civil and political rights. Equally important, the right to family planning is inherent in the right of human dignity. This is enunciated in the UN Charter and reiterated in all international and regional human rights agreements. The constitutions of many nations now grant women legal equality with men, but true equality cannot be realized until full access to family planning is attained. Where family planning services are denied or restricted, women, but not men, are denied the right to medically protect their lives and health against danger. This is particularly the case in developing countries where as many as 1/4 of all deaths among adult women are the result of pregnancy and childbirth. Restrictive family planning laws, with their accompanying detrimental health effects, violate many human rights conventions which guarantee equal access to health care. Similarly equal protection of the law applies to racial discrimination, and prohibitions of racial discrimination might be invoked where family planning is denied to, or imposed on, certain racial groups. The right to family planning can be derived from the right to human dignity. The right to due process of law requires that individuals be treated in a fundamentally fair way. It may be argued that it is fundamentally unfair to provide contraceptive services to married but not unmarried persons. Appeals to fundamental or inherent human rights will move neither individuals nor governments unless they are followed by well designed action. PMID:12338976

Cook, R J

1983-08-01

107

[Medical social care in family planning].  

PubMed

Basic pattern of medical social work, including its main directions and objects, methods and forms are considered. Necessity of adoption of medical social work in functioning of institutions of family planning is validated. Groups of clients as objects of medical social work are considered. Content, forms and methods of medical social work in family planning institutions differentiated depending on particular client group is analyzed. PMID:17004383

Vorobtsova, E S; Martynenko, A V

108

Pakistan: family planning expands in non-governmental organizations.  

PubMed

The Family Planning Association of Pakistan has begun a program of integration of family planning activities with other voluntary welfare agencies. 1 of the more successful projects has been in cooperation with the Family Welfare Cooperative Society of Lahore. Volunteers have provided facilities to very low-income women to help supplement income. At 1st it was knitting, embroidery, and cloth manufacture, but over several years it developed into a complex of several buildings with a comprehensive vocational training center, a showroom, schools for the children of mothers in training, a secretarial school, and a hostel for homeless women there. There is a medical unit, a full-time doctor, and family planning services. PMID:12260386

1977-01-01

109

Project Management Plan for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PMP) describes the approach that will be used to manage the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The plan describes the management structure and the technical and administrative control systems that will be used to plan and control the HEDR Project performance. The plan also describes the relationship among key project participants: Battelle, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and the Technical Steering Panel (TSP).

Shipler, D.B.

1992-03-01

110

[Grasping economic reform and family planning simultaneously].  

PubMed

This report aims at proposing ways the Chinese government can raise productivity levels and living standards while promoting the objectives of family planning. During the 1970's, family planning was heavily emphasized. Every factory, commune, and government agency had a specialized group of personnel responsible for family planning. Since the time of economic reform, this group has been vastly minimized because of the central government's demands for reduction of "unproductive" personnel. Thus, with economic reform came a sizeable obstacle to the family planning campaign. The report takes Hong Lai County as an example of recent undertakings to balance the new reforms and the family planning objectives. Hong Lai County, one of the poorest counties in the Sichuan Province, located in western central Chna, has seen a growth in GNP of 100% since the economic reform of 1979. At the same time, the government of the county has had to work extremely hard to promote family planning, especially in rural areas where these objectives are more difficult to reinforce. The county government, in an effort to encourage these objectives, has set up programs of compensation in the form of special allowances and bonuses. Moreover, eucational programs have proven effective in this area. The report indicates that much success has been achieved in the areas of education through promotional campaigns and vocational training which have, in turn, increased productivity levels and living standards. PMID:12159346

Hou, W

1985-07-29

111

Iran's revolutionary approach to family planning.  

PubMed

This article presents Iran's revolutionary approach to family planning. In 1967, the "Tehran Declaration" acknowledged family planning as a human right promoting the social and economic welfare of families and society; however, this program was dismantled after the Revolution. After the war with Iraq in 1988, the government realized that rapid population growth was a hindrance to development and subsequently called for the establishment of a national family planning program. In December 1989, the revived family planning program was inaugurated with three major goals: 1) encourage spacing of 3-4 years between pregnancies; 2) discourage pregnancies among women aged under 18 and over 35 years; and 3) limit family size to 3 children. In May 1993, a law was passed that included disincentive penalties for couples who had more than 3 children. According to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (1989-97), there was an increased use of contraceptives among married women, and the total fertility rate (TFR) dropped from 5.2 to 2.6 children. Moreover, Iran's 1996 census showed a total population of 60.6 million with an average annual growth rate of 1.5% over the previous 5-year period. Iran's success in bringing about a decline in its TFR has been helped by the integration of family planning and primary health care and the involvement of various segments of society. PMID:12322212

Roudi, F

112

Structural equation model of project planning effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research studies investigating the impact of situational variables on project planning effectiveness have not examined how the situational variables work together to influence planning effectiveness. A structural equation model (SEM) has been developed for describing and quantifying the influence of situational factors in project environments and organizational characteristics of performing organizations on project planning effectiveness. The individual effects of

M. D. Mainul Islam; Olusegun O. Faniran

2005-01-01

113

Case Acquisition in a Project Planning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an approach to acquire cases in the context of project planning, without any extra effort from the end user. Under our definition, a case has a one to one correspondence with the standard elements of a project plan. We exploit this correspondence to capture cases automatically from project planning episodes. We provide an algorithm for

Sasidhar Mukkamalla; Hector Muñoz-avila

2002-01-01

114

Project Plan for Vertical Lift Machine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the Project Plan for the development and manufacture of a Vertical Lift Machine. It is assumed by this project plan that the Vertical Lift Machine will be developed, designed, manufactured, and tested by a qualified vendor. LLNL will retain review and approval authority for each step given in this project plan. The Vertical Lift Machine is a

Ellsworth

2002-01-01

115

Women's Literacy: The Connection to Health and Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Nepal, the Health Education and Adult Literacy Project for women dealt with four mechanisms: time in school and work, school-acquired dispositions, literacy skills, and health and family planning knowledge. Beginning with a small program enabled the building of leadership essential for a larger-scale program. (SK)

Comings, John P.; And Others

1994-01-01

116

Pregnancy complications in natural family planning users  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multicenter cohort study was designed to assess pregnancy outcome among natural family planning (NFP) users, and provide the opportunity to address complications in NFP users by planning status and by timing of conception with respect to day of ovulation. There were 877 singleton births in this sample. Complications evaluated were abnormal vaginal bleeding, urinary tract infection, vaginal infection, hypertension

P. Mena; A. Bitto; M. Barbato; A. Perez; R. H. Gray; J. L. Simpson; J. T. Queenan; R. T. Kambic; F. Pardo; W. Stevenson; G. Tagliabue; V. Jennings; C. Li

1997-01-01

117

A Small Library in Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated listing of books is intended as a reference for anyone seeking an authoritative introduction to population and family planning information, as a world, family, or individual concern. For each entry, the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is provided if available. The number preceding each reference represents the…

Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc., New York, NY.

118

Readability Levels of Individualized Family Service Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This descriptive study examined the readability levels of Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSPs). The readability of 85 de-identified IFSP documents developed by seven agencies that serve families and children enrolled in a county early intervention program was analyzed using Flesch Kincaid grade levels and Flesch reading ease scores. The…

Pizur-Barnekow, Kris; Patrick, Timothy; Rhyner, Paula M.; Folk, Lillian; Anderson, Kara

2010-01-01

119

Family planning: a basic development need.  

PubMed

The 1994 Human Development Report from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) proposes a 20-20 Human Development Compact based on shared responsibilities between poor and rich nations, whereby poor and rich nations would help unmet basic human development needs such as primary education, primary health care, safe drinking water, and family planning over the next 10 years. This would require an additional US $30 to US $40 billion annually. Developing countries would commit 20% of their budgets to human priority concerns instead of the current 10% by reducing military expenditure, selling off unprofitable public enterprises and abandoning wasteful prestige projects. Donor countries would increase foreign aid from the current average of 7% to 20%. The report will propose a new concept of human security at the World Summit for Social Development to be held in March 1995, calling widespread human insecurity a universal problem. On average, poor nations have 19 soldiers for every one doctor. Global military spending has been declining since 1987 at the rate of 3.6% a year, resulting in a cumulative peace dividend of US $935 billion from 1987 to 1994. But this money has not been expended on unmet human needs. India ordered fighter planes at a cost that could have provided basic education to the 15 million Indian girls now out of school. Nigeria bought tanks from the UK at a cost that could have immunized all 2 million unimmunized children while also providing family planning to nearly 17 million couples. UNDP proposes a phasing out of all military assistance, military bases, and subsidies to arms exporters over a 3-year period. It also recommends the major restructuring of existing aid funds, and proposes a serious study on new institutions for global governance in the next century. PMID:12345955

1994-06-01

120

The multiplicity concept in construction project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why plan? Who should plan? What and when should one plan? These fundamental issues of construction planning raised by the authors 5 years ago, are revisited in this paper in the light of studies conducted recently within the construction industry. In the focus of this research program stood mature companies, advanced projects and competent and experienced practitioners of construction planning

Alexander Laufer; Richard L. Tucker; Aviad Shapira; Aaron J. Shenhar

1994-01-01

121

7 CFR 1250.314 - Plans and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Plans and projects. Plans and projects means those research, consumer and producer education, advertising, marketing, product development, and promotion plans, studies, or projects pursuant to §...

2010-01-01

122

7 CFR 1250.314 - Plans and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Plans and projects. Plans and projects means those research, consumer and producer education, advertising, marketing, product development, and promotion plans, studies, or projects pursuant to §...

2009-01-01

123

Families First Family Literacy Project Annual Report, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Texas "Families First" project was started to accomplish the following: (1) strengthen the capacity of local family literacy projects to design, support, and administer high quality programs by leveraging resources from several agencies in the state; and (2) finalize the indicators of program quality (IPQs) in early childhood education for…

Seaman, Don F.; Hoffman, Victoria; Chen, Chia-Yin; Dunn, Yvette T.

124

Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) is intended to document the quality assurance of the Environmental Monitoring Program. The Quality Assurance Project Plan has two parts and is written to become a chapter in the Environmental Monitoring Plan. Part A describes the management responsibilities and activities performed to assure the quality of the Environmental Monitoring Program. Part B covers the

Holland

1993-01-01

125

Project Plan Remote Target Fabrication Refurbishment Project  

SciTech Connect

In early FY2009, the DOE Office of Science - Nuclear Physics Program reinstated a program for continued production of {sup 252}Cf and other transcurium isotopes at the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center (REDC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The FY2009 major elements of the workscope are as follows: (1) Recovery and processing of seven transuranium element targets undergoing irradiation at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at ORNL; (2) Development of a plan to manufacture new targets for irradiation beginning in early- to mid-FY10 to supply irradiated targets for processing Campaign 75 (TRU75); and (3) Refurbishment of the target manufacturing equipment to allow new target manufacture in early FY10 The {sup 252}Cf product from processing Campaign 74 (recently processed and currently shipping to customers) is expected to supply the domestic demands for a period of approximately two years. Therefore it is essential that new targets be introduced for irradiation by the second quarter of FY10 (HFIR cycle 427) to maintain supply of {sup 252}Cf; the average irradiation period is {approx}10 HFIR cycles, requiring about 1.5 calendar years. The strategy for continued production of {sup 252}Cf depends upon repairing and refurbishing the existing pellet and target fabrication equipment for one additional target production campaign. This equipment dates from the mid-1960s to the late 1980s, and during the last target fabrication campaign in 2005- 2006, a number of component failures and operations difficulties were encountered. It is expected that following the target fabrication and acceptance testing of the targets that will supply material for processing Campaign 75 a comprehensive upgrade and replacement of the remote hot-cell equipment will be required prior to subsequent campaigns. Such a major refit could start in early FY 2011 and would take about 2 years to complete. Scope and cost estimates for the repairs described herein were developed, and authorization for the work was received in July 2009 under the Remote Target Fabrication Refurbishment Task of the Enhanced Utilization of Isotope Facilities project (Project Identification Code 2005230) funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The goal of this project is to recover the capability to produce 4-5 curium targets for the irradiation period starting with HFIR cycle 427, currently scheduled to begin 2/17/10. Assuming success, the equipment would then be used to fabricate 6-7 additional targets to hold for the next irradiation campaign specified by the program. Specific objectives are the return to functionality of the Cubicle 3 Pellet Fabrication Line; Cubicle 2 Target Assembly equipment; and Cubicle 1 Target Inspection and Final Assembly system.

Bell, Gary L [ORNL; Taylor, Robin D [ORNL

2009-08-01

126

Family planning in Rwanda: status and prospects.  

PubMed

This article analyzes the status and future prospects of family planning in Rwanda. The use of traditional contraceptive methods is examined and major constraints to modern contraceptive use are discussed, both for potential users (low demand) and family planning delivery systems (poor supply). Current contraceptive prevalence, as well as evidence of potentially higher demand, are analyzed. Contraceptive prevalence for modern methods is estimated at 3-4 percent, for 1988, of women of reproductive age who are at risk of exposure to conception. An attempt is also made to target future contraceptive prevalence rates needed to attain specific levels of fertility. Finally, the prospects for family planning as well as recommendations to increase contraceptive use are reviewed. PMID:2315965

May, J F; Mukamanzi, M; Vekemans, M

127

Community Family Day Care Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The final six months of the Community Family Day Care Project are reported, together with a summary of the total project, recommendations for the future, and an analysis of the cost of replicating such a project. In the final six months of the project, the staff was concerned with building supports for the self-help organization Women Attentive…

Pacific Oaks Coll., Pasadena, CA.

128

Developing a family-centered participatory action research project.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to illustrate strategies used to design and implement a family-centered, participatory action research (PAR) project to meet the asthma information needs identified by English-, Hmong-, and Spanish-speaking parents of preschool children with asthma enrolled in a multisite, urban Head Start program. PAR is an approach that encourages researchers and those who will benefit from the research (e.g., families and community leaders) to work together in all phases of the project. PAR projects involve two core components: a needs assessment and action plan development. PAR is rooted in the cultural tradition of the participants and builds on strengths and resources in the community. Actively involving family participants and community leaders in community-based PAR projects increases the likelihood of developing interventions and resources that are culturally relevant and address family needs. PMID:20686103

Garwick, Ann W; Seppelt, Ann M

2010-08-01

129

Population and family planning in China.  

PubMed

As the most populous country of the world, China pursues an integrated programme for socio-economic development with family planning as a vital part of it. The aim is to ensure that population growth does not outpace the economic development, the availability of natural resources and environmental protection efforts. Current policy on family planning includes: the promotion of late marriage and deferred child bearing, advocating the practice of "one couple, one child", to encourage birth spacing for those who want a second child. Technical guidelines are: contraception as the priority; comprehensive use of various contraceptive methods in men and women; induced abortion allowed on request if no contraindications; state provided contraceptives, barrier devices and technical services. The birth rate of 33.34/1000, death rate of 7.6/1000 and natural increase rate of 25.83/1000 in 1970 was brought down to 21.04/1000, 6.7/1000 and 14.26/1000 respectively in 1985. A total fertility for 1950 of 5.87 was gradually brought down to 2.31 in 1990. 260 million births were averted between 1970-1991; the world's "5-billion population day" was postponed for 2 years and Asian "3-billion population day" was postponed for 3 years. The State Family Planning Commission under the State Council was set up in 1981. The China Family Planning Association, the China Population Association and non-governmental organisations promote family planning work in a coordinated way. The current family planning policy is now well accepted in the urban area, and gaining increasing momentum in the rural area. Persistant education is still important to break the millennia old tradition of having more children and more boys. PMID:7892742

Wu, J

1994-01-01

130

Timing of control activities in project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the timing of monitoring and control in project planning. The need for monitoring and control actions arise because projects are dynamic in nature and because of changing environments. The monitoring of the project deviations from the planned schedule due to environmental changes allows the generation of proper feedback to enable corrective actions. After having reviewed the

Massimo de Falco; Roberto Macchiaroli

1998-01-01

131

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site environmental monitoring plan ((DOE\\/RL 91-49) (DOE-RL 1991)). This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford

Nickels

1992-01-01

132

Klamath Falls community energy planning project  

SciTech Connect

The Klamath Falls community energy planning project has been an investigation of how energy can be conserved and renewable resources promoted using land-use planning and community development regulations.

Not Available

1984-10-01

133

Family and Community Studies Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This final report of the Family and Community Studies Project (part of the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory) presents an investigation of the impact of three types of parent education programs on the participant families. The study examines the underlying change philosophy of each program and the changes that families participating in…

Espinoza, Renato; And Others

134

Project quality assurance plan PFP solution stabilization project C-226  

Microsoft Academic Search

This QA Plan identifies the WHC QA Program requirements for all contractors involved in the planning and execution of the design, procurement, procurement, construction, testing and inspection of Project C-226.

Henrikson

1996-01-01

135

Countywide Evaluation of the Long-Term Family Self-Sufficiency Plan. Assessing the Utility of the LTFSS Plan Service Delivery and Planning Framework.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors (the Board) adopted the Long-Term Family Self-Sufficiency (LTFSS) Plan on November 16,1999. The LTFSS plan consists of 46 projects whose goal is to promote self-sufficiency among families that are participating ...

L. M. Davis J. A. Kierman E. Reardon S. C. Remes P. S. Steinberg

2002-01-01

136

Billings natural family planning in Shanghai, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

With cervical mucus, or Billings, method of family planning, a woman learns to recognize the characteristics of her cervical mucus that identify the fertile phase in her menstrual cycle. She and her partner abstain from sexual activity during a period from the first indication of mucus until four days after the mucus peak day, which includes ovulation. They also abstain

J.-X. Xu; J.-H. Yan; D.-Z. Fan; D. W. Zhang

1994-01-01

137

Natural family planning effectiveness in Belgium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is to check, in a European environment, the practical efficiency and the acceptability of a recent natural family planning (NFP) method. This method includes a double check to detect the beginning as well as the end of the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle.

A. De Leizaola-Cordonnier

1995-01-01

138

Family planning practice in Central Sudan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community and hospital based studies were conducted to assess the major factors related to the practice of family planning during 1989 and 1990 in Central Sudan. The mothers of 1592 births in the community and 1357 births in the hospital were interviewed by trained study workers. Prevalence of contraceptive use prior to current pregnancy was 13.0% and knowledge of a

Taha El Tahir Taha

1993-01-01

139

Improving Family Planning Services for Teenagers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the findings of a study evaluating family planning services for teenagers in eight metropolitan and five rural areas in the U.S. The purpose of the study was to identify ways in which present services should be improved to attract and...

N. Day L. Brady

1976-01-01

140

Tools for Supporting Distributed Agile Project Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Agile project planning plays an important part in agile software development. In distributed settings, project planning is severely impacted by the lack of face-to-face communication and the inability to share paper index cards amongst all meeting participants. To address these issues, several distributed agile planning tools were developed. The tools vary in features, functions and running platforms. In this chapter, we first summarize the requirements for distributed agile planning. Then we give an overview on existing agile planning tools. We also evaluate existing tools based on tool requirements. Finally, we present some practical advices for both designers and users of distributed agile planning tools.

Wang, Xin; Maurer, Frank; Morgan, Robert; Oliveira, Josyleuda

141

Technical Project Planning (TPP) Process. Engineer Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Engineer Manual (EM) describes the Technical Project Planning (TPP) process for identifying project objectives and designing data collection programs at hazardous, toxic, and radioactive waste sites. The TPP process helps ensure that the requisite ty...

1998-01-01

142

Residual Waste Management Research and Planning Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Residual Waste Management Research and Planning Projects Handbook contains selected abstracts of projects that are underway or have been completed, and publications that are available on the subject of residual wastes and their impact on ground and s...

M. L. Rucker A. K. Vitberg

1977-01-01

143

Behavior of Young People Regarding Family Planning  

PubMed Central

Conflict of interest: none declared. Family planning is a conscious activity of reproductive age that inclines, not only to regulate the number and timing of birth, but also to have a healthy child and to fulfill all of its role throughout the life cycle. The survey included 1804 students of various generations, which is approximately 9.3% of all students of the University of Montenegro. Instrument of survey was questionnaire with 25 closed type questions. Methods used for statistical data analyses were methods of descriptive statistics and nonparametric methods to analyze significance of differences at the significance p>0.05. The study comprised 53.9% of students aged up to 20 years and 46.1% of students aged from 21 to 26 years. There is statistically significant difference among students regarding sources of knowledge on family planning by age (Chi 2 = 14.54, p<0.05). The students have got information on family planning mostly from parents (46.7%). Out of total number of interviewed students, who stated that abortion is good method of contraception, 12.8% claimed doctors as the source of information, then books, mass media and parents. The most of interviewed students find condom as the best contraceptive method. Students used to get information on family planning mostly often from their parents, and most of them consider that they are well informed. One third of students do not protect themselves from undesired pregnancy, but most of them consider abortion as non adequate method of family planning.

Ljaljevic, Agima; Terzic, Natasa; Palibrk, Marija; Mugosa, Boban

2013-01-01

144

Compulsion in family planning: the fundamental considerations.  

PubMed

Focus is on some of the basic issues and considerations involved in the question of compulsion in family planning, which in terms of current contraceptive technology, only means compulsory sterilization. Pressures have been increasing to implement more stringent measures to control population growth in most of the developing countries throughout the world. During the Emergency in India (1975-1977) the government at that time, along with some individuals and groups, deemed it necessary to adopt the drastic measure of compulsory sterilization. The six sections of the discussion deal with the following: 1) compulsory family planning as rational or ethical choice basic issues; 2) neo-Malthusian thesis on compulsion - fallacies, dangers and inadequacies; 3) ethical and philosophical problems - premise of irresponsible procreation; 4) individual rights versus societal interests; 5) elitism in social policy and cost benefit considerations; and 6) international consensus against compulsion. All forums, under the auspices of the United Nations, of which India is a member, have rejected coercion and reiterated repeatedly that every individual has a basic human right to decide how many children to have and at what intervals. The most recent forum to endorse the human right to family size was the World Population Conference held at Bucharest in 1974. The 14 conditions spelled out by the United Nations Fund for Population Activity for effecting a free and responsible choice in family size may form a sound basis for a comprehensive policy concerning family planning in India. The coercive measures adopted during the Emergency are responsible for a backlash in India and retarding the progress of the family planning movement. PMID:12261230

Pethe, V P

1979-03-01

145

RIVER PROTECTION PROJECT SYSTEM PLAN  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of River Protection (ORP) manages the River Protection Project (RPP). The RPP mission is to retrieve and treat Hanford's tank waste and close the tank farms to protect the Columbia River. As a result, ORP is responsible for the retrieval, treatment, and disposal of approximately 57 million gallons 1 of radioactive waste contained in the Hanford Site waste tanks and closure2 of all the tanks and associated facilities. The previous revision of the System Plan was issued in May 2008. ORP has made a number of changes to the tank waste treatment strategy and plans since the last revision of this document, and additional changes are under consideration. ORP has contracts in place to implement the strategy for completion of the mission and establish the capability to complete the overall mission. The current strategl involves a number of interrelated activities. ORP will reduce risk to the environment posed by tank wastes by the following: (1) Retrieving the waste from the single-shell tanks (SST) to double-shell tanks (DST) and delivering the waste to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). (2) Constructing and operating the WTP, which will safely treat all of the high-level waste (HLW) fraction contained in the tank farms. About one-third of the low-activity waste (LAW) fraction separated from the HLW fraction in the WTP will be immobilized in the WTP LAW Vitrification Facility. (3) Developing and deploying supplemental treatment capability assumed to be a second LAW vitrification facility that can safely treat about two-thirds of the LAW contained in the tank farms. (4) Developing and deploying supplemental pretreatment capability currently assumed to be an Aluminum Removal Facility (ARF) using a lithium hydrotalcite process to mitigate sodium management issues. (5) Developing and deploying treatment and packaging capability for contact-handled transuranic (CH-TRU) tank waste for possible shipment to and disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in New Mexico. (6) Deploying interim storage capacity for the immobilized high-level waste (IHLW) pending determination of the final disposal pathway. (7) Closing the SST and DST tank farms, ancillary facilities, and all associated waste management and treatment facilities. (8) Optimizing the overall mission by resolution of technical and programmatic uncertainties, configuring the tank farms to provide a steady, well-balanced feed to the WTP, and performing trade-offs of the required amount and type of supplemental treatment and of the amount of HLW glass versus LAW glass. ORP has made and continues to make modifications to the WTP contract as needed to improve projected plant performance and address known or emerging risks. Key elements needed to implement the strategy described above are included within the scope of the Tank Operations Contract (TOC). Interim stabilization of the SSTs was completed in March 2004. As of April 2009, retrieval of seven SSTs has been completed and retrieval of four additional SSTs has been completed to the limits of technology. Demonstration of supplemental LAW treatment technologies has stopped temporarily pending revision of mission need requirements. Award of a new contract for tank operations (TOC), the ongoing tank waste retrieval experience, HLW disposal issues, and uncertainties in waste feed delivery and waste treatment led to the revision of the Performance Measurement Baseline (PM B), which is currently under review prior to approval. 6 This System Plan is aligned with the current WTP schedule, with hot commissioning beginning in 2018, and full operations beginning in late 2019. Major decisions regarding the use of supplemental treatment and the associated technology, the ultimate needed capacity, and its relationship to the WTP have not yet been finalized. This System Plan assumes that the outcome of these decisions will be to provide a second LAW vitrification facility. No final implementation decisions regarding supplemental technology can be made until the Tank Closure and

CERTA PJ; KIRKBRIDE RA; HOHL TM; EMPEY PA; WELLS MN

2009-09-15

146

RIVER PROTECTION PROJECT SYSTEM PLAN  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of River Protection (ORP) manages the River Protection Project (RPP). The RPP mission is to retrieve and treat Hanford's tank waste and close the tank farms to protect the Columbia River. As a result, the ORP is responsible for the retrieval, treatment, and disposal of the approximately 57 million gallons of radioactive waste contained in the Hanford Site waste tanks and closure of all the tanks and associated facilities. The previous revision of the System Plan was issued in September 2003. ORP has approved a number of changes to the tank waste treatment strategy and plans since the last revision of this document, and additional changes are under consideration. The ORP has established contracts to implement this strategy to establish a basic capability to complete the overall mission. The current strategy for completion of the mission uses a number of interrelated activities. The ORP will reduce risk to the environment posed by tank wastes by: (1) Retrieving the waste from the single-shell tanks (SST) to double-shell tanks (DST) for treatment and disposal; (2) Constructing and operating the WTP, which will safely treat all of the high-level waste (HLW) and about half of the low-activity waste (LAW) contained in the tank farms, and maximizing its capability and capacity; (3) Developing and deploying supplemental treatment capability or a second WTP LAW Facility that can safely treat about half of the LAW contained in the tank farms; (4) Developing and deploying treatment and packaging capability for transuranic (TRU) tank waste for shipment to and disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP); (5) Deploying interim storage capacity for the immobilized HLW and shipping that waste to Yucca Mountain for disposal; (6) Operating the Integrated Disposal Facility for the disposal of immobilized LAW, along with the associated secondary waste, (7) Closing the SST and DST tank farms, ancillary facilities, and al1 waste management and treatment facilities, (8) Developing and implementing technical solutions to mitigate the impact from substantial1y increased estimates of Na added during the pretreatment of the tank waste solids, This involves a combination of: (1) refining or modifying the flowsheet to reduce the required amount of additional sodium, (2) increasing the overall LAW vitrification capacity, (3) increasing the incorporation of sodium into the LAW glass, or (4) accepting an increase in mission duration, ORP has made and continues to make modifications to the WTP contract as needed to improve projected plant performance and address known or emerging risks, Key elements of the implementation of this strategy are included within the scope of the Tank Operations Contract, currently in procurement Since 2003, the ORP has conducted over 30 design oversight assessments of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The estimated cost at completion has increased and the schedule for construction and commissioning of the WTP has extended, The DOE, Office of Environmental Management (EM), sanctioned a comprehensive review of the WTP flowsheet, focusing on throughput. In 2005, the TFC completed interim stabilization of the SSTs and as of March 2007, has completed the retrieval of seven selected SSTs. Demonstration of supplemental treatment technologies continues. The ongoing tank waste retrieval experience, progress with supplemental treatment technologies, and changes in WTP schedule led to the FY 2007 TFC baseline submittal in November 2006. The TFC baseline submittal was developed before the WTP schedule was fully understood and approved by ORP, and therefore reflects an earlier start date for the WTP facilities. This System Plan is aligned with the current WTP schedule with hot commissioning beginning in 2018 and full operations beginning in 2019. Major decisions regarding the use of supplemental treatment and the associated technology, the ultimate needed capacity, and its relationship to the WTP have not yet been finalized. This System Plan assumes that the outcome of

CERTA PJ

2008-07-10

147

Worker-Client Relations and Related Policy Issues in the Bangladesh Family Planning Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the request of the government of Bangladesh the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh established the Maternal and Child Health-Family Planning (MCH-FP) Extension Project in 1982. This paper discusses: (1) the design of the MCH-FP; (2) the major characteristics of the national health and family planning program under…

Hossain, Mian Bazle

148

The CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project (hereafter referred to as the Columbia River Project). This is a follow-on project, funded by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company, LLC (CHPRC), to the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Columbia River Protection Project. The work scope consists of a number of CHPRC funded, related projects that are managed under a master project (project number 55109). All contract releases associated with the Fluor Hanford Columbia River Project (Fluor Hanford, Inc. Contract 27647) and the CHPRC Columbia River Project (Contract 36402) will be collected under this master project. Each project within the master project is authorized by a CHPRC contract release that contains the project-specific statement of work. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Columbia River Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-11-30

149

Spousal veto over family planning services.  

PubMed Central

In many countries a spouse, usually the husband, can veto a partner's use of family planning services. Where spousal veto acts as a barrier to family planning services it represents a serious threat to the lives and health of women and children. Removal of spousal authorization requirements has been shown to increase the use of family planning services. The Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia, for example, removed their requirement in 1982 and clinic utilization increased by 26 per cent within a few months. Courts of several countries have held that spousal veto practices violate principles of personal privacy and autonomy and the right to health care. The effect of such judgements has been to reinforce rights to sexual nondiscrimination found, for example, in national constitutions and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. This article discusses the nature and application of spousal veto practices, explains how such requirements can violate certain human rights, and explores possible remedies to this problem, including ministerial, legislative, and judicial initiatives.

Cook, R J; Maine, D

1987-01-01

150

UMTRA Project: Environment, Safety, and Health Plan  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has prepared this UMTRA Project Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) Plan to establish the policy, implementing requirements, and guidance for the UMTRA Project. The requirements and guidance identified in this plan are designed to provide technical direction to UMTRA Project contractors to assist in the development and implementation of their ES and H plans and programs for UMTRA Project work activities. Specific requirements set forth in this UMTRA Project ES and H Plan are intended to provide uniformity to the UMTRA Project`s ES and H programs for processing sites, disposal sites, and vicinity properties. In all cases, this UMTRA Project ES and H Plan is intended to be consistent with applicable standards and regulations and to provide guidance that is generic in nature and will allow for contractors` evaluation of site or contract-specific ES and H conditions. This plan specifies the basic ES and H requirements applicable to UMTRA Project ES and H programs and delineates responsibilities for carrying out this plan. DOE and contractor ES and H personnel are expected to exercise professional judgment and apply a graded approach when interpreting these guidelines, based on the risk of operations.

Not Available

1995-02-01

151

China's first family planning publicity month.  

PubMed

China conducted its 1st nationwide Family Planning Publicity Month in 1983, from New Year's Day to Spring Festival (February 13). The campaign emphasized the rural areas and focused on explaining why family planning is a state policy. The most noticeable achievements of this campaign were that every household became familiar with the fact that family planning is a basic state policy. The majority of the population take this policy seriously, realizing that strict control of population growth is both a good and imperative policy. More than 1,830,000 propaganda columns and photo exhibitions were displayed, 5,900,000 radio and television programs broadcast, 2,010,000 theatrical performances, movie and slide showings presented, and 97,000,000 copies of materials published for public dissemination. The activities were varied and interesting, vivid and lively, and purposeful and persuasive. 1 of the most effective methods of publicizing population control has been the presentation of comparative statistics. This aspect of the campaign was a specific and lively form of education in population theory and practice. The presentation of statistics that show the relationship among population, land use, grain produce, and income enabled the population to reason out why population growth needs to match economic and social development. Another important accomplishment of the publicity month was that a large number of couples of reproductive age became convinced of the need to use contraception. According to the incomplete statistics, 8,860,000 people had surgical operations for birth control. The universal promotion of ligations by either partner of a reproductive couple who already had given birth to a 2nd child was an important development of family planning technique promoted simultaneously with the promotion of IUDs. The increase in the number of people doing family planning work was another achievement of the publicity month. More than 15,240,000 publicity personnel and 760,000 medical personnel were trained. The enthusiasm of the Party and the people contributed to the success of the publicity month. The success of the publicity month is inseparable from the achievements and experience gained through China's longterm pursuit of family planning. PMID:12312452

Shen, G

1983-05-01

152

Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to describe the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) and establish an approved YMP baseline against which overall YMP progress and management effectiveness shall be measured. For the sake of brevity, this document will be referred to as the Project Plan throughout this document. This Project Plan only addresses activities up to the submittal of the repository license application (LA) to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). A new Project Plan will be submitted to establish the technical, cost, and schedule baselines for the final design and construction phase of development extending through the start of repository operations, assuming that the site is determined to be suitable.

Gertz, C.P.; Bartlett, J.

1992-01-01

153

[Sensible family planning: pitfalls and dilemmas].  

PubMed

In a recent article in this journal it was stated that Dutch women were sensible in having their first child between the ages of 25 and 35 years. One of the conclusions was that associated health risks increase after the age of 35 but are still acceptable even at the age of 40. We demonstrate that these conclusions were based on flawed assumptions. Postponing pregnancy until after the age of 30 increases the risks of infertility and breast cancer. Motherhood at a later age is associated with an increase in obstetrical complications, miscarriage and other adverse effects on the child. Therefore, for couples planning a family with 2 children or more, it would be sensible to have the first pregnancy not long after the mother reaches the age of 30 years, or even earlier. Couples should be informed on the risks of late parenthood in order to be able to take the right decisions concerning family planning. PMID:19102431

te Velde, E R; Merkus, J M W M; van Leeuwen, F E; Verloove-Vanhorick, S P; Braat, D D M

2008-11-29

154

Guns or butter, family planning or widgets?  

PubMed

In January 1992 Congress returned from its Christmas recess to begin wrestling with the upcoming year's federal budget. The Budget Enforcement Act places absolute limits on the amounts Congress can appropriate for domestic programs, international assistance, and defense spending. Unless the president declares an emergency, Congress has no flexibility to adjust the $293 billion defense allocation in favor of domestic or international assistance. For the next few years, spending for the military would account for about 55% of all discretionary spending. The Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations subcommittee has a predetermined slice of the $222 billion domestic allocation. The subcommittee must then decide how to subdivide its slice among employment programs, education assistance, and health care, which includes domestic family planning programs. Similarly, the foreign operations subcommittee slices up a small $20 billion for international assistance. Some will go for economic aid, some for development assistance, including international family planning programs. And, about 30% of the international aid budget will go to military assistance to foreign governments. The massive shifts on the international scene and an uncertain domestic economy are forcing a reconsideration of this iron-clad budget agreement. Consequently, efforts to nullify the budget agreement are underway. Over 100 organizations and church groups have formed a coalition calling on Congress and the administration to reorder fiscal priorities so that resources can be redirected toward worthwhile domestic and international programs. Worldwide, the demand for contraceptive services is increasing, yet the US spends only about $300 million for population assistance per year, about the same as it was 20 years ago. But policy makers are finally beginning to understand that the costs of Title X, international family planning, and providing quality family planning services are far less than the long-term costs of caring for ill infants, abused children, or women suffering from the health effects of multiple pregnancies. PMID:12284784

Hirshbein, N

1992-02-01

155

Developing family planning nurse practitioner protocols.  

PubMed

This article focuses on the process of development of protocols for family planning nurse practitioners. A rationale for the use of protocols, a definition of the types and examples, and the pros and cons of practice with protocols are presented. A how-to description for the development process follows, including methods and a suggested tool for critique and evaluation. The aim of the article is to assist nurse practitioners in developing protocols for their practice. PMID:6563201

Hawkins, J W; Roberto, D

156

Evaluating client autonomy in natural family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical element for evaluation fo natural family planning (NFP) methods is client autonomy. Autonomy in NFP refers to clients who can identify their fertile days and apply this method without teacher assistance. The results of this study show that clients who are autonomous have a 12-month continuation rate of 96.7% and a pregnancy rate of 1.7% after beginning charting.

R. T. Kambic; M. C. Martin

1988-01-01

157

Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Congressional Research Service (CRS) report analyzes population assistance and family planning programs. For FY2004 the Administration seeks $425 million in bilateral family planning funds and sets asides $25 million in a reserve account for the Unit...

L. Nowels

2003-01-01

158

Family Interaction, Parenting Style, and the Development of Planning: A Longitudinal Analysis Using Archival Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from 68 families that participated at 3 times in the Family Socialization and Developmental Competence Project (D. Baumrind, 1973) were used to study children's participation in planning-related discussions during family interactions in relation to parenting style. Results indicate that such discussions occur from early in the child's life and that with age children initiate more of them. Children's initiations

Mary Gauvain; Ruth Duran Huard

1999-01-01

159

River Protection Project (RPP) Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in accordance with the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999, established the Office of River Protection (ORP) to successfully execute and manage the River Protection Project (RPP), formerly known as the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). The mission of the RPP is to store, retrieve, treat, and dispose of the highly radioactive Hanford tank waste in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The team shown in Figure 1-1 is accomplishing the project. The ORP is providing the management and integration of the project; the Tank Farm Contractor (TFC) is responsible for providing tank waste storage, retrieval, and disposal; and the Privatization Contractor (PC) is responsible for providing tank waste treatment.

SEEMAN, S.E.

2000-04-01

160

Graduate Student Project: Operations Management Product Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An operations management product project is an effective instructional technique that fills a void in current operations management literature in product planning. More than 94.1% of 286 graduates favored the project as a learning tool, and results demonstrate the significant impact the project had in predicting student performance. The author…

Fish, Lynn

2007-01-01

161

Planning flood control projects in urban areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning and design of flood control projects invariably involves a consideration of sociological, economic, political and ecological factors in order to derive maximum benefits from the project. In urbanizing areas, this is often a rule rather than an exception where a project tends to have a variety of interrelated impacts on the environment. This paper presents the details of the

Nageshwar Rao Bhaskar; Vijay P. Singh

1988-01-01

162

Graduate Student Project: Operations Management Product Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An operations management product project is an effective instructional technique that fills a void in current operations management literature in product planning. More than 94.1% of 286 graduates favored the project as a learning tool, and results demonstrate the significant impact the project had in predicting student performance. The author…

Fish, Lynn

2007-01-01

163

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN: CONNECTICUT WETLANDS STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's Wetland Research Program has supported a major effort to study wetlands mitigation projects in the field. he field studies were designed to 1) evaluate the project plans; 2) compare the projects with natural wetlands in the same land use setting; and 3) describe the develop...

164

Helping Your Students Plan Computer Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a process developed at Moss Point High School (Mississippi) to help students plan their hypermedia projects and help teachers evaluate student efforts and products. Highlights include specific standards; project components; network maps; project criteria; storyboards; oral presentations; accountability; group processing; time frame; and…

Litchfield, Brenda

1995-01-01

165

Family Connections Research & Demonstration Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This final report discusses the outcomes of the Family Connections Research and Demonstration Project, a project funded by the Oregon Center for Mental Health Services to study the effectiveness of an intervention designed to address the major problems related to services initiation and continuance within the children's mental health system. The…

Koroloff, Nancy M.; Elliott, Debra J.; Koren, Paul E.; Friesen, Barbara J.

166

Research needs in family planning program promotion.  

PubMed

Areas of family planning promotion which need to be further researched are identified. The effectiveness of diverse information, education, and communication approaches needs to be evaluated, feasible ways to increase contraceptive continuation rates must be identified, the relative merits of providing fieldworkers with salaries or incentives should be assessed, different styles of interactions between providers and clients should be identified and evaluated and research directed toward improving training programs, field supervision, and supply logistics should be undertaken. A number of more detailed research suggestions with special reference to Taiwan and other Asian and Pacific countries are also provided. Little is known, for example, about provider and user interaction patterns in Asia, and the impact of these patterns on contraceptive acceptance and continuance. These patterns could be analyzed using diverse research techniques ranging from observation to experimental manipulation. Despite the fact that approximately 50% of all acceptors discontinue use within 2 years, researchers tend to focus on identifying acceptor characteristics while ignoring the discontinuation process. Researcher should 1) identify the best time for providing postacceptance followup services, 2) identify training strategies which provide fieldworkers with the highest level of confidence in specific contraceptive methods, 3) experiment with the use of newspaper columns and telephone advisory services to provide users with information about side effects, 4) assess the merits of involving both partners in the contraceptive counseling process, 5) develop and evaluate postacceptance educational materials, and 6) assess the impact of various supply systems on contraceptive continuance. Another neglected area of research is the public's attitude toward different contraceptive knowledge sources. For example, receptivity to family planning messages may vary depending on wether the message is delivered by a physician or by a local trained worker. Research is also needed to assess the feasibility of using advertising approaches to encourage acceptors to switch to more effective methods of contraception. The psychosocial needs of acceptors and cultural differences in response to family planning promotional activities should also be explored. Research barriers include a lack of field-trained researchers, limited interest in family planning among scholars, inadequate government and donor support and funding, a failure to provide funds for longterm research, and inadequate communication between researchers. In Taiwan there is a need to 1) conduct more operations research; 2) make more use of previous research findings; 3) focus attention on research aimed at increasing contraceptive use among young people, improving fieldworker and client communication, and expanding the role of nongovernment agencies in family planning; and 4) develop a national population research institute. PMID:12266922

Cernada, G P

1984-09-01

167

Natural family planning: A comparison of continuers and discontinuers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little research has been done on social-psychological variables related to the use of natural family planning. The objective of this study was to analyze variables that differentiated between continuers and discontinuers of natural family planning (NFP). Questionnaires were obtained from couples who had received instruction in the sympto-thermal method of natural family planning at a large urban hospital. Subjects who

Kerry J. Daly; Edward S. Herold

1983-01-01

168

SNF project engineering process improvement plan  

SciTech Connect

This Engineering Process Improvement Plan documents the activities and plans to be taken by the SNF Project (the Project) to support its engineering process and to produce a consolidated set of engineering procedures that are fully compliant with the requirements of HNF-PRO-1819 (1819). These requirements are imposed on all engineering activities performed for the Project and apply to all life-cycle stages of the Project's systems, structures and components (SSCs). This Plan describes the steps that will be taken by the Project during the transition period to ensure that new procedures are effectively integrated into the Project's work process as these procedures are issued. The consolidated procedures will be issued and implemented by September 30, 1999.

KELMENSON, R.L.

1999-05-24

169

Bibliography of Family Planning and Population, Volume 1 Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiled from the world's research literature, this bi-monthly classified list of references on population and family planning emphasizes recently published material, primarily journal literature. Topics covered include: population and fertility; reproductive behaviour; the family; education in population, family planning, and sex; family

Linzell, Dinah, Comp.

170

Tay Sachs and Related Storage Diseases: Family Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on interviews with 24 families, the article discusses family planning and the choices available to those families in which a child has previously died from Tay-Sachs or related lipid storage diseases. (IM)

Schneiderman, Gerald; And Others

1978-01-01

171

Tay Sachs and Related Storage Diseases: Family Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on interviews with 24 families, the article discusses family planning and the choices available to those families in which a child has previously died from Tay-Sachs or related lipid storage diseases. (IM)|

Schneiderman, Gerald; And Others

1978-01-01

172

Tardigrade Species Distribution Project: Lesson Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online lesson plan was designed for students taking part in the active research project to document the distribution of a new species of tardigrade, a microscopic invertebrate animal. The project is part of a nationwide online collaborative research project. The lesson plan offers instructional procedures for teachers and lists materials and procedures for collecting, observing, and culturing tardigrades. The lesson involves collecting samples in the field, examining and classifying tartigrades in the samples using a microscope and an online taxonomic key, and keeping a biological journal of their study. Links are provided to other components of the species distribution project.

Lindahl, Karen; Balser, Susie; University, Illinois W.

173

Why some family planning program fail.  

PubMed

40 experts representing Nepal, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Korea, and the Philippines participated in a 3-day workshop in Manila in March 1976 for the purpose of discussing and proposing ways of dealing with the financial problems confronting the population programs of the individual countries. The Inter-Governmental Coordinating Committee for Southeast Asia Family/Population Planning sponsored the workshop. The recommendations made at the meeting were: 1) standardization of financing reporting procedures by the region's country programs on family planning; 2) closer coordination between donor agencies and policy-making bodies of country programs in the disbursement of funds; 3) frequent exchanges of experiences, ideas, technicaL knowledge, and other matters pertaining to the financial management of such programs; and 4) inclusion of applicable financial management topics in the training of clinical staffs and those involved in follow-up operations. Additionally, a proposal was made that national population organizations or committees develop research and evaluation units. Workshop discussion sessions focused on financial planning and management, accounting and disbursement of funds, use and control of foreign aid, cost of effectiveness and benefit analysis, and financial reporting. PMID:12309355

1976-04-01

174

Planning and Scheduling of Software Manufacturing Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In today's highly competitive and constantly growing market for software products, planning and scheduling of large software projects has become a bottleneck to increasing production productivity. This work is to investigate the mechanisms required to sup...

A. Safavi

1991-01-01

175

Environmental Restoration Project - Systems Engineering Management Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Environmental Restoration (ER) Project Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) describes relevant Environmental Restoration Contractor (ERC) management processes and shows how they implement systems engineering. The objective of this SEMP is to ex...

T. D. Anderson

1998-01-01

176

City of Poughkeepsie: Comprehensive Urban Planning Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although Poughkeepsie had an information system prior to the execution of this project in the sense that information was a necessary part of the routine municipal planning, management, and financing, improvements were required in data management from the ...

1969-01-01

177

Environmental management system project management plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Environmental Management System (EMS) Project establishes a comprehensive Laboratory system for planning, implementing, monitoring and assessing environmental issues at BNL. This system will enhance environmental management at BNL by adopting the tene...

Briggs

1999-01-01

178

7 CFR 1150.117 - Plans and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM Dairy Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1150.117 Plans and projects. Plans and projects means promotion, research and nutrition education plans, studies or projects pursuant to §§...

2012-01-01

179

Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Split Samples:  Two or more representative portions taken from one sample in the field or in the laboratory and analyzed by different analysts or laboratories. Split samples are quality control samples that are used to assess analytical variability and comparability.   From Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing (sample plans)

2012-12-04

180

Understanding the variables in planning infrastructure projects.  

PubMed

When planning for an infrastructure renovation or expansion, hospital executives should ask five questions to guide the decision-making process: What is the best way to plan for infrastructure improvements? What funding options exist? What is the best way to manage risk? What outcomes should I expect from my investment? When complete, will my project support the intended use? PMID:22128601

Sherman, Michael

2011-11-01

181

[Family planning methods based on fertility awareness].  

PubMed

The desire to limit fertility is recognized both by individuals and by nations. The concept of family planning is based on the right of individuals and couples to regulate their fertility and is based in the area of health, human rights and population. Despite the changes in policies and family planning programs worldwide, there are large geographic areas that have not yet met the minimum requirements in this regard, the reasons are multiple, including economic reasons but also ideological or religious. Knowledge on the physiology of the menstrual cycle, specifically ovulation process has been further enhanced due to the advances in reproductive medicine research. The series of events around ovulation are used to detect the "fertile window", this way women will look for the possibility of postponing their pregnancy or actually start looking for it. The aim of this article is to review the current methods of family planning based on fertility awareness, from the historical methods like the core temperature determination and rhythm, to the most popular ones like the Billings ovulation method, the Sympto-thermal method and current methods like the two days, and the standard days method. There are also mentioned methods that require electronic devices or specifically computer designed ones to detect this "window of fertility". The spread and popularity of these methods is low and their knowledge among physicians, including gynecologists, is also quite scarce. The effectiveness of these methods has been difficult to quantify due to the lack of well designed, randomized studies which are affected by small populations of patients using these methods. The publications mention high effectiveness with their proper use, but not with typical use, what indicates the need for increased awareness among medical practitioners and trainers, obtaining a better use and understanding of methods and reducing these discrepancies. PMID:22808858

Haghenbeck-Altamirano, Francisco Javier; Ayala-Yáñez, Rodrigo; Herrera-Meillón, Héctor

2012-04-01

182

Family Planning and the religious issue.  

PubMed

The question of whether family planning is compatible with Islam is not a new issue. An eminent 11th century teacher declared that the earliest followers of the prophet practiced contraception with the knowledge of the prophet, who did not forbid it. The issue has always been controversial, but the usual attitude has been 1 of tolerance. The question has become more pressing in the past few decades with the increased urgency of controlling population growth. The success or failure of the birth control program will depend partly on the active support of the Islamic leadership. A 1982 survey showed that 19.5% of Egyptian men and women believed that family planning was somewhat or completely against their religious beliefs, and another 10.1% said they did not know. 38% of these people answered affirmatively to a question on whether anything in the religious books forbids birth control. In the mid-1930s, Egypt's Grand Mufti, the country's most authoritative interpretor of Islamic law, issued a religious decree permitting contraception, thus allowing establishment of birth control clinics in Egyptian citites. In 1964, Sheikh Hasan Ma'mun encouraged the use of contraception based on the changing needs of the Muslim people. Since 1980, religious leaders have played a major role in public education efforts of the State Information Service (SIS) by speaking out on the acceptability of birth control in the eyes of Islam. However, about 45,000 of Egypt's approximately 50,000 mosques are private and almost entirely immune from government control, and they have traditionally been a haven for critics of the Egyptian government. As the government has become more committed to family planning, their opposition has increased. The argument of some Sheikhs that birth control is a Western effort designed to weaken Egypt is countered by the SIS which points to the use of contraception in other countries: 87% in Belgium, 78% in England, 70% in the US, 6% in Bangladesh, and 2% in Nepal. PMID:12339620

Kats, G

1983-01-01

183

Family planning for women with bipolar disorder.  

PubMed

Women with bipolar disorder often ask their treating clinician for information about family planning, as they are concerned about the impact of their illness on offspring. Three areas that should be included in discussions with patients and their partners are heritability of the disorder, risks during pregnancy, and risks during the postpartum period. The author summarizes information about genetic transmission of bipolar disorder, effects on bipolar patients of stress associated with pregnancy and childrearing, and effects of medication on the fetus and newborn. Discussion of these issues is most relevant for a women patient who is planning a pregnancy, but may also be useful for couples before marriage, for a women patient who finds that she is pregnant, and for men with bipolar disorder who want to become fathers. PMID:1587511

Packer, S

1992-05-01

184

A project planning and monitoring system for research projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses a project planning and monitoring system evolved and used at the Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL), Hyderabad since 1988. The system is called the Objective-Based Dynamic Planning and Monitoring System (OBDPM). It is shown that OBDPM is essentially a blend of three separate concepts, namely, configuration management, reduction in formal control and portfolio management.

Hina Gokhale; ML Bhatia

1997-01-01

185

Project planning for EMS and SCADA systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A typical supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system or an energy management system (EMS) has an installed life of only 10 to 15 years. Because it can take five years or more to implement a new EMS or SCADA system, managing such projects is becoming a way of life for utilities. Project planning for EMS and SCADA systems is

Charles T. Lindeberg; Wayne R. Block

1993-01-01

186

EMPSP: a dynamic model for project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most firms rely mainly on the PERT method (with or without CPM\\/PERT COST) for project planning. Some use a structured PERT via the work break-down structure approach. This paper examines how this classical procedure could be improved. In the MPSP model, the project structure identified during the functional decomposition phase is used as a support for a piloting system meant

SIMONA LARDERA

1990-01-01

187

Training for Planning Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned with training local educational agencies in planning and administering community education programs, this report summarizes a year-long project in Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado. Included are a narrative description of the project and its activities, a list of objectives and agenda subects, assessment, a summary evaluation, and…

Paddock, Susan C.

188

Cesium legacy safety project management work plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Management Work Plan (MWP) describes the process flow, quality assurance controls, and the Environment, Safety, and Health requirements of the Cesium Legacy Safety Project. This MWP provides an overview of the project goals and methods for repackaging the non-conforming Type W overpacks and packaging the CsCl powder and pellets. This MWP is not intended to apply to other activities

1998-01-01

189

Family planning and the labor sector: soft-sell approach.  

PubMed

Dr. Cesar T. San Pedro, the director of the company clinic at Dole Philippines plantation in South Cotabato in Region 11, has been pressing the management to initiate a comprehensive family planning programs for their 10,000 workers. Pedro wants the Ministry of Labor and Employment (MOLE) to enforce its population program. The situation at Dole is one that requires an arbiter. Since 1977, there has not been a Population/Family Planning Officer (PFPO) for the area, and it is not possible to monitor closely if the qualified firms are following the labor code and providing family planning services to their employees. Susan B. Dedel, executive director of the PFPO, has reported that the office has sought to endear its program to the private sector by showing that family planning is also profitable for the firm. This "soft-sell" approach has been the hallmark of the MOLE-PFPO since it began in 1975 as a joint project of the Commission on Population (POPCOM), United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), and International Labor Organization (ILO). Some critics have argued that this liberal style of implementation is short-selling the program. They point out that the Labor Code of 1973 enforces all establishments with at least 200 employees to have a free in-plant family planning program which includes clinic care, paid motivators, and volunteer population workers. The critics seem, at 1st glance, to have the statistics on their side. In its 5 years of operation, the PFPO has convinced only 137,000 workers to accept family planning. This is quite low, since of the 1.2 million employed by the covered firms, 800,000 are eligible for the MOLE program. Much of the weakness of the implementation is said to be due to the slow activation of the Labor-Management Coordinating Committees (LMCC). The critics maintain that because of the liberal enforcement of Department Order No. 9, the recalcitrant firms see no reason to comply. Dedel claims that the program is on the right track. Hamlish Richards, chief of ILO's population and labor policies branch, has high praise for the program. Over the years the ILO has awarded fellowships to 19 labor ministry officials from Asia and Africa to learn from Dedel and her staff. What is most impressive is PFPO's training component. The country's bigger establishments have already implemented the PFPO concepts, and the programs of these companies are reviewed. Last year PFPO entered into an agreement with the Population Center Foundation and POPCOM Region 11 to test the viability of the use of incentives. 6 companies agreed to try out this approach. PMID:12338155

Teston, R C

1981-01-01

190

Family planning counseling: an international conference.  

PubMed

An international conference on family planning counseling held in Istanbul in April 1992 was attended by 60 health care professionals from 25 countries. The conference was co-sponsored by the Association for Voluntary Surgical Contraception (AVSC) and the World Federation for Voluntary Surgical contraception. Participants conceptualized counseling as a two-way communication between client and health provider aimed at enabling the client to make a voluntary, informed choice consistent with her/his needs and values. Counseling was further envisioned as occurring whenever clients come into contact with health care staff--a view that suggests a need to train a range of personnel, including administrative staff, physicians, and community health workers, in counseling skills. Participants further recommended that family planning counseling be expanded to include sex education and information about sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS. Given indications that thorough counseling can increase contraceptive acceptance, client satisfaction, and contraception continuation, funding agencies and government officials are urged to intensify support for counseling activities and training. PMID:12285567

Bakamjian, L; Harper, P B

1992-07-01

191

Family planning and fertility in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This study examines the trends in contraceptive use and fertility levels in Bangladesh using national-level data from 1975-97. It also considers the major factors affecting contraceptive use and fertility. Data from the 1993/94 and 1996/97 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey were also used for the multivariate analysis of the determinants of contraceptive use and fertility. It was found that between 1975 and 1996/97 the use of family planning methods increased 5-fold, rising from 13.6% to 69.2%. Also, contraceptive prevalence rate increased by over 6 times during the same period, rising from 7.7% to 49.2%. The sharp increase in contraceptive prevalence led to an appreciable decline in fertility, with total fertility rate dropping from 6.3 during the period 1971-75 to 3.3 during the period 1994-96. Except for the 15-19 year age group, fertility declined substantially in all other age groups, especially among women aged 35 years and older. Results of the analysis indicate that six factors account for the reproductive change in Bangladesh. These include interspousal communication on family planning, desire for children, women's education and employment status, access to mass media, and program efforts. The policy and programmatic implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:12295995

Barkat-e-khuda; Roy, N C; Rahman, D M

2000-03-01

192

National Security Technology Incubation Project Continuation Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document contains a project continuation plan for the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI). The plan was developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP) funded by a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. This continuation plan describes the current status of NSTI (staffing and clients), long-term goals, strategies, and long-term financial solvency goals.The Arrowhead Center of New Mexico State University (NMSU) is the operator and manager of the NSTI. To realize the NSTI, Arrowhead Center must meet several performance objectives related to planning, development, execution, evaluation, and sustainability. This continuation plan is critical to the success of NSTI in its mission of incubating businesses with security technology products and services.

None

2008-09-30

193

[Promoting family planning work in Xiaqidu township by establishing a family planning association in each village].  

PubMed

A family planning association was established in each village of Xiaqidu Township in Hunan Province, China in October 1986. The positive functions of each such association were so fully developed that family planning work reached new levels. For example, most villages are no longer experiencing early marriages or unplanned births. Some of the villages have established associations for individual work groups. The traditional method was for both township and village associations to rely upon the positive attitudes of officials to instill into fertile women Party policy, and to arouse their patriotism and initiative. By establishing family planning associations at the village level, however, the people can conduct their own affairs and educate themselves. Emphasis has been placed on attracting into the associations those who are of childbearing age, as well as older villagers of experience. The associations' raison d'etre was to serve the people. They did so through: propaganda (disseminating population theory, birth control and family planning information); helping the people overcome poverty, traditional thinking, and ignorance; assisting women with any problems and anxieties relating to child-bearing; delivering contraceptives to households; and providing the elderly with care and the young with education. PMID:12159303

Li, C

1987-07-01

194

Reports on Population/Family Planning, Number Ten. Mobile Units in Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use and effectiveness of mobile units in family planning programs of several foreign countries are surveyed in this demographic report. Services and education provided by mobile unit programs in Tunisia, the United Arab Republic, Honduras, South Korea, Turkey, and Pakistan are examined. Assessed are the various roles mobile units play, their…

Munroe, Gretel S.; Jones, Gavin W.

195

Family planning: pitting the private sector against a public problem.  

PubMed

A most promising recent international development has been the harnessing of commercial marketing techniques to promote family planning. Although most projects of this type are government approved and subsidized by international funding organizations, they are a striking departure from traditional government-operated, medically oriented programs. Results have often been dramatic because of certain attributes of the commercial sector, such as 1) marketing, management, finance, distribution, and logistics skills; 2) awareness of and sensitivity to consumers' needs; and 3) the consistent and self-sustaining motivation of profit. PMID:12334218

Harvey, P D

1975-01-01

196

Taking family planning services to hard-to-reach populations.  

PubMed

Interviews were conducted in 1995 among 100 US family planning program personnel who serve hard-to-reach populations, such as drug abusers, prisoners, the disabled, homeless persons, and non-English speaking minorities. Findings indicate that a range of services is available for hard-to-reach groups. Most family planning agencies focus on drug abusers because of the severity of HIV infections and the availability of funding. This article describes the activities of various agencies in Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts that serve substance abuse centers with family planning services. One recommendation for a service provider is to present services in an environment where it is safe to talk about a person's needs. One other program offered personal greetings upon arrival and the continuity of having a familiar face to oversee all reproductive and health needs. Programs for prisoners ranged from basic sex education classes to comprehensive reproductive health care. Some prisons offered individual counseling. Some programs were presented in juvenile offender facilities. Outreach to the homeless involved services at homeless shelters, outreach workers who recruited women into traditional family planning clinics, and establishment of nontraditional sites for the homeless and other hard-to-reach persons. One provider's suggestion was to offer services where high-risk women already go for other services. Most services to the disabled target the developmentally disabled rather than the physically disabled. Experience has shown that many professionals working with the disabled do not recognize their clients' sexual needs. Other hard-to-reach groups include women in housing projects and shelters for battered women, welfare applicants, and sex workers. Key to service provision is creating trust, overcoming language and cultural differences, and subsidizing the cost of care. PMID:8827149

Donovan, P

197

SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This project is being conducted at the request of the DOE and the NRC. The INL has been requested by the NRC to improve and maintain the Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluation (SAPHIRE) tool set concurrent with the changing needs of the user community as well as staying current with new technologies. Successful completion will be upon NRC approved release of all software and accompanying documentation in a timely fashion. This project will enhance the SAPHIRE tool set for the user community (NRC, Nuclear Power Plant operations, Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA) model developers) by providing improved Common Cause Failure (CCF), External Events, Level 2, and Significance Determination Process (SDP) analysis capabilities. The SAPHIRE development team at the Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for successful completion of this project. The project is under the supervision of Curtis L. Smith, PhD, Technical Lead for the SAPHIRE application. All current capabilities from SAPHIRE version 7 will be maintained in SAPHIRE 8. The following additional capabilities will be incorporated: • Incorporation of SPAR models for the SDP interface. • Improved quality assurance activities for PRA calculations of SAPHIRE Version 8. • Continue the current activities for code maintenance, documentation, and user support for the code.

Curtis L.Smith; Ted S. Wood

2010-03-01

198

SAPHIRE 8 Software Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project is being conducted at the request of the DOE and the NRC. The INL has been requested by the NRC to improve and maintain the Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluation (SAPHIRE) tool set concurrent with the changing needs of the user community as well as staying current with new technologies. Successful completion will be upon

Curtis L. Smith; Ted S. Wood

2010-01-01

199

Couple Communication and Sexual Attitudes in Natural Family Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Natural family planning (NFP) refers to techniques for planning or preventing pregnancy by observation of natural signs of fertility. In using natural family planning to avoid pregnancy, there is abstinence from sexual intercourse during the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle. Social values which are incorporated into the method include couples…

Shivanandan, Mary; Borkman, Thomasina

200

River Protection Project (RPP) Environmental Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Program Plan was developed in support of the Integrated Environment, Safety, and Health Management System Plan (ISMS) (RPP-MP-003), which establishes a single, defined environmental, safety, and health management system that integrates requirements into the work planning and execution processes to protect workers, the public, and the environment. The ISMS also provides mechanisms for increasing worker involvement in work planning, including hazard and environmental impact identification, analysis, and control; work execution; and feedback/improvement processes. The ISMS plan consists of six core functions. Each section of this plan describes the activities of the River Protection Project (RPP) (formerly known as the Tank Waste Remediation System) Environmental organization according to the following core functions: Establish Environmental Policy; Define the Scope of Work; Identify Hazards, Environmental Impacts, and Requirements; Analyze Hazards and Environmental Impacts and Implement Controls; Perform Work within Controls; and Provide Feedback and Continuous Improvement.

POWELL, P.A.

2000-03-29

201

Perceptions of Project Representatives Concerning Project Success and Pre-Project Planning Effort.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis is a part of an overall study sponsored by the Construction Industry Institute to assess the best practices for pre-project planning of industrial construction projects. Pre-project planning for a capital project can be defined as the process ...

A. L. Tortora

1993-01-01

202

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project operational staffing plan  

SciTech Connect

Using the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project`s current process flow concepts and knowledge from cognizant engineering and operational personnel, an initial assessment of the SNF Project radiological exposure and resource requirements was completed. A small project team completed a step by step analysis of fuel movement in the K Basins to the new interim storage location, the Canister Storage Building (CSB). This analysis looked at fuel retrieval, conditioning of the fuel, and transportation of the fuel. This plan describes the staffing structure for fuel processing, fuel movement, and the maintenance and operation (M&O) staffing requirements of the facilities. This initial draft does not identify the support function resources required for M&O, i.e., administrative and engineering (technical support). These will be included in future revisions to the plan. This plan looks at the resource requirements for the SNF subprojects, specifically, the operations of the facilities, balances resources where applicable, rotates crews where applicable, and attempts to use individuals in multi-task assignments. This plan does not apply to the construction phase of planned projects that affect staffing levels of K Basins.

Debban, B.L.

1996-03-01

203

Family planning legislation and policy in China.  

PubMed

This article summarizes China's general state of family planning (FP) legislation and FP policy. Article 25 of the Chinese Constitution and Article 12 of the Marriage Law require that F¿ must be promoted by the State. There was only one national law on FP: "Measures for Management of FP of the Floating Population," which was established on December 26, 1991. The text of this law was reported in "China Population Today," Number 1, February, 1992. This law authorized provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities under central government control to establish their own FP regulations according to the conditions of their regions. The first province with regulations was Guangdong in 1980, followed by Qinghai, Shaanxi, and Ningxia in 1986. Sichuan regulations were published in 1987, followed by Guizhou, Hubei, Liaoning, Fujian, Shandong, Jilin, and Anhui in 1988. In 1989, the following states published regulations: Guangxi, Tianjin, Hebei, Hainan, and Zhejiang. The remaining 11 provinces and autonomous regions passed regulations in 1990 and 1991 to complete the total 28 administrative units for provinces with FP regulations. Only Tibet and Xianjiang do not have regulations. Regulations promote deferred marriage and deferred childbearing, fewer and healthier births, the practice of one couple and one child, and birth spacing for those suffering with only one child; genetic defects were to be prevented. Minorities, in general, ascribed to the following conditions: 1) one-child family, unless difficulties would arise as a result. This provision applied to Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai municipalities and Jiangsu and Sichuan provinces. Allowing a second birth for families with only daughters was allowed in 18 provinces and regions. 2) Two-child families were allowed in Ningxia, Yunnan, Qinghai, guangdong, and Hainan provinces. 3) Ethnic populations (8% or 90 million in 1990) have special policies, which are more lenient than policies governing the Han majority. The exception was Zhuang nationality, which has the same policy as the Han. FP policy in China is not unified as a "one-child policy." PMID:12286963

1992-10-01

204

Project implementation plan: ASTD remote deployment  

SciTech Connect

This Project Implementation Plan (PIP) shall be the controlling document for the Accelerated Site Technology Deployment (ASTD) supported project to procure and qualify a remote/robotic work platform for large hot cell deactivation in the 324 Building B-Cell. This plan will be integrated into the 324/327 Buildings Stabilization/Deactivation Project, Project Management Plan, (HNF-IP-1289, Rev. 1) and shall comply with the base requirements established in that document. This PIP establishes the baseline and defines the scope, schedule, budget, organizational responsibilities, reporting requirements, deliverables, and end points for the implementation of new technology into B-Cell. This shall include procurement, safety, quality assurance, training, documentation, record management, and facility modifications applicable to this project. Specifically this plan controls and executes the procurement and acceptance, qualification, and turnover of a remote/robotic work platform for 324 Building B-Cell. This includes the development of functional parameters, performance requirements, evaluation criteria, procurement specifications, acceptance and qualification test procedures, training requirements, and turnover responsibilities. The 324/237 Buildings Stabilization/Deactivation Project is currently in its second year of a nine-year project to complete deactivation and closure of the facility for long-term surveillance and maintenance. A major obstacles for the project is the inability to effectively perform deactivation tasks within high radioactively contaminated hot cells. The current strategies utilize inefficient and resource intensive technologies that significantly impact the cost and schedule for stabilization and deactivation. The ASTD Remote Deployment Project shall identify, procure, and turnover, to the B-Cell project, a remote/robot work platform to improve B-Cell cleanup productivity and enhance worker safety and health.

CRASS, D.W.

1999-08-18

205

Language, videos and family planning in the South Pacific.  

PubMed

In 1984, women in Fiji, Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Tonga wanted culture-specific, educational resources on sexuality, family planning, contraception, reproduction, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Family Planning Australia [FPA] found video to be the most appropriate means to present information on these topics, since video continues the story-telling tradition of the Pacific. Women worked with FPA to produce videos addressing these topics. They were filmed in Fiji, which has a broad cross-section of South Pacific people. FPA took into account women's concerns and cultural and religious sensitivities. The English language videos were Better Safe, a story about STDs, condom use, and male sexual responsibility; Taboo Talk, a documentary about women's attitudes on menstruation, sex education, and family planning; AIDS and the South Pacific, about AIDS transmission and prevention; a d Down There, an animated documentary on reproduction and contraceptive methods. A project evaluation revealed that the videos would have received wider acceptance had they been in local languages. Local men and women debated each work of a translation of the list of reproductive health terms, eventually resulting in 20 culturally and linguistically appropriate video translations. A cross section of national language speakers modified and improved the draft translation of the 4 scripts. This whole process resulted in incorporation of the 88 reproductive health terms into the Booklet of South Pacific Reproductive Health Words and Phrases. The project showed that Pacific women were able to compile a booklet of culturally and linguistically acceptable terms and to successfully translate the scripts of health videos. In conclusions, people tend to be more willing to accept sexuality information and frank and explicit material than is usually believed if they are allowed to determine the context in which they receive it. PMID:12318840

Winn, M; Lucas, D

1993-12-01

206

Energy Strategic Planning & Sufficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information regarding options available, their advantages and disadvantages, and the costs for pursuing activities to advance Smith River Rancheria toward an energy program that reduces their energy costs, allows greater self-sufficiency and stimulates economic development and employment opportunities within and around the reservation. The primary subjects addressed in this report are as follows: (1) Baseline Assessment of Current Energy Costs--An evaluation of the historical energy costs for Smith River was conducted to identify the costs for each component of their energy supply to better assess changes that can be considered for energy cost reductions. (2) Research Viable Energy Options--This includes a general description of many power generation technologies and identification of their relative costs, advantages and disadvantages. Through this research the generation technology options that are most suited for this application were identified. (3) Project Development Considerations--The basic steps and associated challenges of developing a generation project utilizing the selected technologies are identified and discussed. This included items like selling to third parties, wheeling, electrical interconnections, fuel supply, permitting, standby power, and transmission studies. (4) Energy Conservation--The myriad of federal, state and utility programs offered for low-income weatherization and utility bill payment assistance are identified, their qualification requirements discussed, and the subsequent benefits outlined. (5) Establishing an Energy Organization--The report includes a high level discussion of formation of a utility to serve the Tribal membership. The value or advantages of such action is discussed along with some of the challenges. (6) Training--Training opportunities available to the Tribal membership are identified.

Retziaff, Greg

2005-03-30

207

Work-Family Planning Attitudes among Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using social learning theory as a framework, we explore two sets of antecedents to work and family role planning attitudes among emerging adults: their work-family balance self-efficacy and their perceptions of their parents' work-to-family conflict. A total of 187 college students completed a questionnaire concerning their work-family balance…

Basuil, Dynah A.; Casper, Wendy J.

2012-01-01

208

Work-Family Planning Attitudes among Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using social learning theory as a framework, we explore two sets of antecedents to work and family role planning attitudes among emerging adults: their work-family balance self-efficacy and their perceptions of their parents' work-to-family conflict. A total of 187 college students completed a questionnaire concerning their work-family balance…

Basuil, Dynah A.; Casper, Wendy J.

2012-01-01

209

Benchmarking of project planning and success in selected industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To identify the industry in which projects are best planned and executed and use it as a benchmark for improving project planning in other industries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on data collected from 280 project managers, project success and quality of project planning were evaluated and analyzed for four industries – construction and engineering, software and communications, services, and

Ofer Zwikael; Shlomo Globerson

2006-01-01

210

The integrated approach: important reforms in China's family planning work.  

PubMed

A review of the integrated approach to family planning, which was initiated in 1994 by the Chinese State Family Planning Commission, found that cadres and the people viewed the approach as effective for linking family planning with socioeconomic development. The recent world population conferences offered some enlightened plans of action. The Chinese leadership was made aware of the broader, more comprehensive approach to developing the economy, ending poverty, protecting the environment, promoting family planning, and expanding social development. The integrated program in China is taken by Chinese state authorities to be a follow-up to the UN plan of action. Chinese program effort in integration of family planning with poverty alleviation began during the 1970s and 1980s in some areas, such as Jinzhai County of Anhui Province, Yingshan County of Hubei Province, Wangcang County of Sichuan Province, and Nanzheng County of Shaanxi Province. Other integrated planning did not occur until the 1990s in places such as Jilin, Jiangsu, and Shaanxi provinces. A prominent characteristic of the Chinese integrated approach is the active involvement of governments. The program in Sichuan province illustrates this involvement. Rural households, who practice family planning, are granted by the provincial government help with funding or skills in the proper techniques of production. As income increases, acceptance of family planning is enthusiastic. Integrated programs also improve educational opportunities for women and children in poor areas. In underdeveloped areas, programming aims to quickly increase income and reduce fertility, to promote IEC, and to popularize contraceptive knowledge. More developed areas use quality improvements and "scientific management" as effective program efforts. The integrated approach is designated by different language in each province (New Family Plan, the Three Integrations, or Double Three Golden Bridge Program). The exposure to integrated family planning experiences nationwide occurred during the national family planning conference in Chengdu on October 22-26, 1995. This conference was the first of its kind in China. PMID:12346901

Xiao, Z

1995-12-01

211

Fast Flux Test Facility Closure Project - Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) Closure Project, Project Management Plan, Revision 5, provides the scope, cost, and schedule to achieve the most cost effective and expeditious closure of the FFTF to an assumed final end-state with the reactor vessel and the containment building, below the 5504 grade level, being entombed in place. Closure will be completed by December 2009 at a cost of $547 million.

BEACH, R.R.

2002-09-26

212

Project plan international atomic energy agency (IAEA) safeguards project plutonium finishing plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

This plan presents the overall objectives, description, justification and planning for the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) project. The intent of this plan is to describe how this project will be managed and integrated with other facility stabilization and deactivation activities. This plan supplements the overall integrated plan presented in the PFP Integrated Project Management Plan

1999-01-01

213

MID-ATLANTIC LANDSCAPE INDICATORS PROJECT PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

Landscapes are described by the spatial arrangements of ecological resources. he Project Plan details an approach that examines landscape patterns relative to their affect on the flow of energy, water, nutrients, and biota. he landscape component of the Environmental Monitoring a...

214

Project planning and estimation with Ask Pete  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ask Pete is a software project planning tool which incorporates methodologies for cost and schedule estimation through COCOMO II; corporate risk and resource investment through the use of the Control Level methodology; and the need for external verification and validation activities through the NASA IV&V criteria. The paper examines each of these methodologies and how they interrelate in the tool

Tim Kurtz

2001-01-01

215

National Ignition Facility project acquisition plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this National Ignition Facility Acquisition Plan is to describe the overall procurement strategy planned for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) Project. The scope of the plan describes the procurement activities and acquisition strategy for the following phases of the NIF Project, each of which receives either plant and capital equipment (PACE) or other project cost (OPC) funds: Title 1 and 2 design and Title 3 engineering (PACE); Optics manufacturing facilitization and pilot production (OPC); Convention facility construction (PACE); Procurement, installation, and acceptance testing of equipment (PACE); and Start-up (OPC). Activities that are part of the base Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Program are not included in this plan. The University of California (UC), operating Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Lockheed-Martin, which operates Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics (UR-LLE), will conduct the acquisition of needed products and services in support of their assigned responsibilities within the NIF Project structure in accordance with their prime contracts with the Department of Energy (DOE). LLNL, designated as the lead Laboratory, will have responsibility for all procurements required for construction, installation, activation, and startup of the NIF.

Callaghan, R.W.

1996-04-01

216

Mining plan developed for Indiana shale project  

SciTech Connect

The Indiana oil shale project involves a 500-barrel per day demonstration plant. Approximately 882,000 tons of oil shale rock will be mined as the retort feed over the two-year demonstration period. This paper discusses the surface mine design, plans for shale mining, primary crushing and stockpiling, spent shale disposal, and estimated costs. 2 figures, 3 tables.

Not Available

1987-03-01

217

NEW HAMPSHIRE ESTUARIES PROJECT MANAGEMENT PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

This Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan of the New Hampshire Estuaries Project presents a broad framework and specific list of actions to protect and enhance the environmental quality of the estuaries of the State of New Hampshire. It is intended to be a guide for all...

218

Community values: a strategy for project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A proposed strategy for transportation project planning, location, and design, with emphasis on the approach to community values and other related social and environmental factors, is described. Five aspects of the strategy are discussed: the objective of the location-design process; the desired process dynamics and a recommended four-stage process strategy of initial survey, issue analysis, design and negotiation, and ratification;

M. L. Manheim; J. H. Suhrbier

1972-01-01

219

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project Document Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The SNF Project Document Management Plan identifies and describes the currently available systems and processes for implementing and maintaining an effective document control and records management program. This program governs the methods by which documents are generated, released, distributed, maintained current, retired, and ultimately disposed.

Connor, M.D.; Harizison, G.L.; Rice, W.C.

1995-12-01

220

Readability levels of individualized family service plans.  

PubMed

This descriptive study examined the readability levels of Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSPs). The readability of 85 de-identified IFSP documents developed by seven agencies that serve families and children enrolled in a county early intervention program was analyzed using Flesch Kincaid grade levels and Flesch reading ease scores. The average Flesch Kincaid grade level of the entire IFSP documents was 8.0, indicating that the text was written at the 8th grade reading level. The Flesch reading ease mean score for all of the IFSP documents was 58.6, indicating that the text was written at a moderate level of ease to read. The highest Flesch Kincaid grade level scores and lowest reading ease scores were found in sections that require descriptive documentation of IFSP activities and ideas, justification for services provided outside of the natural environment, the way in which outcomes would be met, and a description of the activities provided in the natural environment. The lowest Flesch Kincaid grade level and the highest reading ease level were found in the section involving gross motor development. There were no agencies that prepared IFSP documents at or below the recommended 5th grade reading level. The findings from this study indicated that on average the entire IFSP documents and most sections of the documents were written above a 5th grade reading level. Overall there were no agencies that wrote the IFSP documents at or below the recommended 5th grade reading level. Analysis of readability levels when preparing IFSP documents is recommended to optimize accessibility and usability. PMID:20608861

Pizur-Barnekow, Kris; Patrick, Timothy; Rhyner, Paula M; Folk, Lillian; Anderson, Kara

2010-08-01

221

Extraconjugal Determinants of Spousal Communication About Family Planning in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior researchers have examined the influence of spousal communication on fertility behavior without looking at what causes spouses to start talking about family planning. This study bridges this gap in the literature by examining the extraconjugal (social networks) factors that influence spouses to start talking to each other about family planning. Data from a study conducted in Kenya between 1997

John M. Musalia

2003-01-01

222

Field trial of Billings Ovulation Method of natural family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are couples with unmet family planning needs and couples who do not use any modern method, yet they desire to space or avoid pregnancies. Many of them look for safe and effective options like the natural family planning methods. The Billings Ovulation Method based on single index cervical mucus parameter is one such option. The present multicentre trial conducted

1996-01-01

223

Differences in Counseling Men and Women: Family Planning in Kenya.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparisions of family planning sessions in Kenya found distinct gender differences in reasons for visiting the clinics and communication styles of both the clients and the counselors. These communication patterns may be a result of Kenyan gender roles and men's and women's different reasons for seeking family planning services. Implications of…

Kim, Young Mi; Kols, Adrienne; Mwarogo, Peter; Awasum, David

2000-01-01

224

Poverty, Fertility Preferences and Family Planning Practice in the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the interaction of poverty, fertility preferences and family planning practice in the Philippines using the series of nationally representative Family Planning Surveys conducted annually since 1999 augmented by census and other survey data. Its contribution lies on providing recent and nationally representative empirical evidence on the long running but largely unresolved debate in the country on

Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr.

2005-01-01

225

Use of family planning methods in Kassala, Eastern Sudan  

PubMed Central

Background Investigating use and determinants of family planning methods may be instructive in the design of interventions to improve reproductive health services. Findings Across sectional community-based study was conducted during the period February-April 2010 to investigate the use of family planning in Kassala, eastern Sudan. Structured questionnaires were used to gather socio-demographic data and use of family planning. The mean ± SD of the age and parity of 613 enrolled women was 31.1 ± 7 years and 3.4 ± 1.9, respectively. Only 44.0% of these women had previously or currently used one or more of the family planning methods. Combined pills (46.7%) and progesterone injection (17.8%) were the predominant method used by the investigated women. While age, residence were not associated with the use of family planning, parity (> five), couple education (? secondary level) were significantly associated with the use of family planning. Husband objection and religious beliefs were the main reasons of non-use of family planning. Conclusion Education, encouragement of health education programs and involvement of the religious persons might promote family planning in eastern Sudan.

2011-01-01

226

42 CFR 59.7 - What criteria will the Department of Health and Human Services use to decide which family...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount...GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning...to decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what...

2009-10-01

227

42 CFR 59.7 - What criteria will the Department of Health and Human Services use to decide which family...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what amount...GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning...to decide which family planning services projects to fund and in what...

2010-10-01

228

House battles over UN family planning funds.  

PubMed

The House International Relations Subcommittee on Operations and Human Rights approved HR 1253 by voice vote on April 10, 1997. HR 1253 is a reauthorization of State Department programs for fiscal years 1998 and 1999. Republican anti-choice subcommittee chair Chris Smith inserted language which prohibits the State Department from funding the UNFPA, the UN family planning program. The restriction would only be lifted if President Clinton certifies that the UNFPA has ended all activities in China or that no government-coerced abortions have taken place in China during the previous 12 months. Since neither change is likely, the Smith provision would effectively bar the US from funding the UNFPA, even though the agency does not support abortion services. The State Department authorization was then taken up by the full House International Relations Committee as part of HR 1486, a bill which would reorganize foreign policy operations. By a 23-16 vote on May 6, the committee approved an amendment which deleted the Smith provision and instead stipulated that US funds cannot be used for UNFPA programs in China. Pro-choice representative Tom Campbell sponsored the amendment which deleted the Smith provision. President Clinton's proposed budget for fiscal year 1998 also includes the Campbell provision. PMID:12292412

1997-05-01

229

Family planning and protection of human rights.  

PubMed

The discussion of human rights in China is based on the White Paper issued by the Information Office under the State Council on November 1, 1991. China is the most populous country in the world at 1.14 billion in 1990. Annual increases of 17 million are expected even with family planning (FP). The area of cultivated land/capita has dropped to 1.3 mu (16.5% of an acre)/capita, or 25% of the world average. Fresh water resources have also dropped similarly. The amount of grain.person is 22% of that in the US. 25% of additional income to the national income is consumed by newborns annually. Savings have been cut and reinvestment in economic development has been slowed. There are pressures on all social and economic systems. There is acknowledged success in FP. The birth rate has dropped to 21.06.1000 in 1990, the rate of natural increase to 14.39%/1000, and the fertility rate to 2.31. These figures are lower than the averages for other developing countries. The FP policy is to promote deferred marriage and childbearing, fewer but healthier births, and 1 child/couple. Rural families who are having difficulties may after an interval of several years have a 2nd child. Minority nationalities are being encouraged to adopt FP voluntarily. Han requirements are different. The policy has been understood and supported by the masses and has contributed to the drop in 3rd and higher parity births to 19.32% in 1989 from 62.21% in 1970. The government role is one of guidance and persuasion within the law, and cannot be accomplished by administrative decrees alone. The government has given priority to enlightening the masses through publicity and education that birth control has a direct impact on the nation's prosperity and people's happy family life. The China FP Association has set up 600,000 grass roots branches with 32 million members to assist in aiding the masses in self-education, self-management, and self-service. Ideological education has been combined with helping the masses solve practical problems. FP identifies contraception as protection of maternal and child health. 75% of couples of childbearing age practice contraception. Coercive abortions are resolutely opposed. Induced abortion in cases of contraceptive failure are voluntary and safe. The abortion ratio is comparable to world rates, but lower rates are targeted. Policy objectives are to control population growth and improve the quality of human resources. Maternal and child health care is provided. Law forbids infanticide. Policy conforms to item 9 of the UN Mexico City Declaration on Population and Development, 1984, and the UN World Population Plan of Action. PMID:12317280

1991-12-01

230

Family planning management in state-owned enterprises: the case of No. 1 Automobile Group Corporation. Urban family planning programme.  

PubMed

This brief report indicates the accomplishments in family planning of the Automobile Group Corporation in northeastern Changchun, China. This industry has 130,000 staff and workers. The State Family Planning Commission of the Jilin Provincial Government and the Changchun City Government gave an award to this company for having the most advanced unit in family planning provision. This corporation was successful in creating population awareness and strong leadership among its executives for practicing family planning. Administrative workers signed contracts for human reproduction and production of automobiles. The family planning policy was strictly followed on a day-to-day basis. The company offered IEC, contraceptives, and benefits to acceptors. The company provides about 3.5 million yuan per year for family planning activities and strives to improve its services. Women workers now receive reproductive health services. The facility includes a hospital, a family planning clinic, and a maternal and child health clinic and is fully equipped with modern medical instruments for diagnosing gynecological conditions. The quality control management system for producing automobiles is applied to family planning management and applied research on marriage and childbirth. There is 100% acceptance of the one-child certificate. Over 90% of workers delayed marriage and childbirth. During the 1970s and 1980s, about 30,000 births were averted. PMID:12320695

1997-02-01

231

Army Family Research Program. Second Annual Work Plan  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Army Family Research Program (AFRP) is a 5-year integrated research program that supports the Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) White Paper 1983: The Army Family and the Army Family Action Plans (1984-1990) by developing databases, models, program eval...

A. M. Cruze

1990-01-01

232

SRP (Salt Repository Project) configuration management plan  

SciTech Connect

This configuration management plan describes the organization, policies, and procedures that will be used on the Salt Repository Project (SRP) to implement the configuration management disciplines and controls. Configuration management is a part of baseline management. Baseline management is defined in the SRP Baseline Procedures Notebook and also includes cost and schedule baselines. Configuration management is a discipline applying technical and administrative direction and surveillance to identify and document the functional and physical characteristics of an item, to control changes to those characteristics, to record and report change processing and implementation status, and to audit the results. Configuration management is designed as a project management tool to determine and control baselines, and ensure and document all components of a project interface both physically and functionally. The purpose is to ensure that the product acquired satisfies the project's technical and operational requirements, and that the technical requirements are clearly defined and controlled throughout the development and acquisition process. 5 figs.

Not Available

1987-05-29

233

Attitude of women towards family planning methods and its use - Study from a slum of Delhi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: To predict the need of family planning methods, family planning managers often rely on unmet need derived from measure of contraceptive demand. However women's intention and her background knowledge of family planning methods not received as much attention as a measure of family planning methods demand. Objective: To know the attitude of women regarding use of family planning methods

Kumar S; Priyadarshni A; Kant S; Anand K; Yadav BK

234

Project Level Planning Using Pontis Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn\\/DOT) has used network level results from the Pontis Bridge Management System for several years to suggest appropriate levels of bridge funding. In 1998 Mn\\/DOT began using project level reports from Pontis to aid in development of bridge improvement programs and 20-year bridge plans. Bridge improvement and replacement guidelines have been written to include element

KEVIN G. ANDERSON; PAUL M. KIVISTO

235

Project Plan Remove Special Nuclear Material (SNM) from Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This plan presents the overall objectives, description, justification and planning for the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Remove SNM Materials. The intent of this plan is to describe how this project will be managed and integrated with other facility stabilization and deactivation activities. This plan supplements the overall integrated plan presented in the Plutonium Finishing Plant Integrated Project Management Plan (IPMP),

1999-01-01

236

Complexity of Family Caregiving and Discharge Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Older adults and their family caregivers face numerous decisions about hospital discharge, including where they will go and how they will receive care. Older adults who account for nearly 37% of all hospital discharges often need care and support of family members at the time of hospital discharge. This study examines decisions made by hospitalized older adults, families, and health

Lori L. Popejoy

2011-01-01

237

Emerging challenges in family planning programme in Nepal.  

PubMed

Family planning is a priority program of the Government of Nepal. Despite political instability in the last two decades, Nepal has achieved remarkable progress in the overall status of reproductive health, including family planning. Married women of reproductive age have been increasingly using contraceptive from 1980s to 2006. However, Nepal Demographic Health Survey 2011 has shown unexpected results on contraceptive prevalence rate. There had been a notable decline in the prevalence rate between 2006 and 2011, creating concerns among various stakeholders working in family planning programs. This paper analyzes this situation and identifies possible reasons for the stagnated contraceptive prevalence rate in Nepal. High proportion of spousal separation, an increased use of traditional methods, abortion, emergency contraception, and a lack of innovative approaches to cater services to difficult-to-reach or special sub-groups are possible reasons. To improve the contraceptive prevalence, the family planning program should be implemented more strategically. Further data analysis, initiation of best practices to fulfill family planning needs of special groups, functional integration of family planning services into general health services, effective counseling and behavior change communication to prevent unwanted pregnancies, and increased access to modern family planning methods could be the stepping stones to improve contraceptive prevalence rate and the overall FP program in Nepal. PMID:23034371

Shrestha, D R; Shrestha, A; Ghimire, J

2012-05-01

238

Folklore information from Assam for family planning and birth control.  

PubMed

The author collected folklore information on herbal treatments to control fertility from different parts of Assam, India. Temporary methods of birth control include Cissampelos pareira L. in combination with Piper nigrum L., root of Mimosa pudica L. and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. Plants used for permanent sterilization include Plumbago zeylanica L., Heliotropium indicum L., Salmalia malabrica, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L., Plumeria rubra L., Bambusa rundinacea. Abortion is achieved through use of Osbeckia nepalensis or Carica papaya L. in combination with resin from Ferula narthex Boiss. It is concluded that there is tremendous scope for the collection of folklore about medicine, family planning agents, and other treatments from Assam and surrounding areas. Such a project requires proper understanding between the survey team and local people, tactful behavior, and a significant amount of time. Monetary rewards can also be helpful for obtaining information from potential respondents. PMID:12266264

Tiwari, K C; Majumder, R; Bhattacharjee, S

1982-11-01

239

7 CFR 1250.314 - Plans and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Egg Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1250.314 Plans and projects. Plans and projects...

2012-01-01

240

7 CFR 1221.121 - Programs, plans, and projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Programs, plans, and projects. 1221.121... (d) No program, plan, or project including advertising shall be false or misleading or disparaging to another...

2012-01-01

241

14 CFR 152.109 - Project eligibility: Airport planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...it has been incorporated into a unified planning work program; and (5...airport master planning in a large or medium air traffic hub, in the opinion of...the project is incorporated in a unified planning work...

2009-01-01

242

14 CFR 152.109 - Project eligibility: Airport planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...it has been incorporated into a unified planning work program; and (5...airport master planning in a large or medium air traffic hub, in the opinion of...the project is incorporated in a unified planning work...

2010-01-01

243

14 CFR 152.109 - Project eligibility: Airport planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...it has been incorporated into a unified planning work program; and (5...airport master planning in a large or medium air traffic hub, in the opinion of...the project is incorporated in a unified planning work...

2013-01-01

244

Family Support Project: Final Report to the Administration on Aging (Caring for Aged Family Members).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results are presented of a project undertaken to implement and assess family support services that were aimed at enhancing the ability and willingness of families to retain the primary responsibility for caring for aged family members. An experimental des...

R. J. V. Montgomery E. F. Borgatta

1985-01-01

245

A hierarchical approach to multi-project planning under uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey several viewpoints on the management of the planning complexity of multi-project organisations under uncertainty. A positioning framework is proposed to distinguish between different types of project-driven organisations, which is meant to aid project management in the choice between the various existing planning approaches. We discuss the current state of the art of hierarchical planning approaches both for traditional

EW Hans; Willy Herroelen; Roel Leus; G Wullink

2003-01-01

246

A hierarchical approach to multi-project planning under uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey several viewpoints on the management of the planning complexity of multi-project organisations under uncertainty. A positioning framework is proposed to distinguish between different types of project-driven organisations, which is meant to aid project management in the choice between the various existing planning approaches. We discuss the current state of the art of hierarchical planning approaches both for traditional

R. Leus; G. Wullink; E. W. Hans; W. Herroelen

2004-01-01

247

RE-ENGINEERING OF THE PROJECT PLANNING PROCESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the current status of the project planning process in the Swedish construction company Skanska Syd AB. The purpose of the study is to identify and analyse important aspects of potential improvements of project planning. The study shows that re-engineering of the project planning process involves five improvement areas of concern; distinct demands, adequate education and support, quality

Niclas Andersson; Patrik Johansson

248

Some characteristics of rural acceptors of family planning measures.  

PubMed

In order to identify socioeconomic and demographic factors involved in the acceptance of family planning among rural people in Bangladesh, researcher conducted a survey of village households in the Mymensingh district. With an annual growth rate of 2.32, the population of Bangladesh, currently at 89.9 million, will double over the next 30 years. Although the government has shown great commitment to family planning, a large segment of the population does not practice family planning. Since 85% of the population lives in rural areas, this study of the differences among users and nonusers focused on rural people. It investigated the following characteristics: age, income, education, farm size, family size, wife's age, wife's age at marriage, wife's education, newspaper reading, and radio listening. The study examined data from 166 randomly selected households in 5 villages. 93% of the respondents indicated some knowledge concerning family planning methods, 58% expressed support for the family planning program, and 23% reported practicing some family planning method at the time of the study. Out of a total of 129 nonusers, 46 chose to explain their reasons for nonacceptance. 505 cited religious reasons, 11% mentioned health concerns, and 39% cited old age. Of the 10 characteristics examined, 5 were found to differ significantly between users and nonusers, including age, farm size, education, newspaper reading, and radio listening. Young, educated people with smaller farms were found to more receptive to family planning. The report recommends promoting education in rural areas to improve the success of family planning. Also, it stresses the need to popularize contraceptive use among newly married couples and to motivate them towards continued use. PMID:12343243

Ahmed, A R; Debnath, S C; Modak, P C; Hossain, M I; Mondal, A G

1988-01-01

249

34 CFR 303.340 - Individualized family service plan-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Individualized family service plan-general. 303.340 Section...Evaluations and Assessments, and Individualized Family Service Plans Individualized Family Service Plan (ifsp) § 303.340...

2013-07-01

250

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Project Management Plan is to describe the methods which will be used to manage the WIPP Project. It provides the framework for managing the design, construction, and test and evluation leading to pilot plant opertion. The Plan contains a definitive outline of project objectives, participants' roles and responsibilities, and will be augmented by other plans and procedures required for managing the project. It was prepared in response to the WIPP Project Management Charter.

Not Available

1985-01-01

251

Metropolitan Cleveland Family Planning Program. January, 1973 through December, 1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The activities of the Metropolitan Cleveland Family Planning Program (MCFPP) are described. The relationship of MCFPP components is illustrated in a diagram, and MCFPP clinic sites are shown on a map. The percentage of patients served by MCFPP providers i...

1975-01-01

252

The impact of a family planning multimedia campaign in Bamako, Mali.  

PubMed

An integrated multimedia campaign featuring family planning messages saturated the 900,000-person city of Bamako, Mali, for three months during the spring of 1993. With traditional theater and music, family planning messages were repeatedly broadcast on radio and television that conveyed information about modern contraceptive methods, the need for male sexual responsibility, the health and economic advantages of family planning, the need for communication between spouses, and that Islam, the predominant faith of Mali, does not oppose family planning. A separate sample pretest-post-test quasi-experimental research design was used to evaluate the effects of the campaign and exposure to specific messages on changes in contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, and practice. Results indicate a high level of exposure to and agreement with the messages. A dramatic drop was found in the proportion of men and women who believe that Islam opposes family planning. Logistic regression results indicate that contraceptive knowledge and use and more favorable attitudes toward family planning are positively associated with intensity of exposure to the project interventions, after controlling for relevant variables. PMID:9789324

Kane, T T; Gueye, M; Speizer, I; Pacque-Margolis, S; Baron, D

1998-09-01

253

Salt Repository Project transportation program plan  

SciTech Connect

The Salt Repository Project (SRP) has the responsibility to develop a comprehensive transportation program plan (TrPP) that treats the transportation of workers, supplies, and high-level radioactive waste to the site and the transportation of salt, low-level, and transuranic wastes from the site. The TrPP has developed a systematic approach to transportation which is directed towards satisfying statutes, regulations, and directives and is guided by a hierarchy of specific functional requirements, strategies, plans, and reports. The TrPP identifies and develops the planning process for transportation-related studies and provides guidance to staff in performing and documenting these activities. The TrPP also includes an explanation of the responsibilities of the organizational elements involved in these transportation studies. Several of the report chapters relate to identifying routes for transporting nuclear waste to the site. These include a chapter on identifying an access corridor for a new rail route leading to the site, identifying and evaluating emergency-response preparedness capabilities along candidate routes in the state, and identifying alternative routes from the state border, ports, or in-state reactors to the site. The TrPP also includes plans for identifying salt disposal routes and a discussion of repository/transportation interface requirements. 89 refs., 6 figs.

Fisher, R.L.; Greenberg, A.H.; Anderson, T.L.; Yates, K.R.

1987-11-02

254

African American Women and Family Planning Services: Perceptions of Discrimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine perceived race-based discrimination in obtaining family planning or contraceptive services among African American women in the U.S.Methods: We conducted a 30-minute telephone survey with a random sample of 500 African Americans (aged 15–44), which included questions about race-based discrimination when obtaining family planning services. The present analyses were limited to the

Sheryl Thorburn; Laura M. Bogart

2005-01-01

255

Data Link Processor (DLP) project transition plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The provision for two-way communication with aircraft, via a digital data link, has long been considered a means of providing significant enhancements for safe and efficient flight operations. The data link processor (DLP) currently being tested will initially perform the ground-based data link processing functions necessary to provide appropriately equipped aircraft with pilot requested aviation weather data from a National Weather Data Base via the Mode Select Beacon System (Mode S). The weather data base will contain six products: surface observations (SA), terminal forecasts (FT), pilot reports (UA), wind and temperature aloft forecasts (FD), radar summaries (SD), and hazardous weather advisories. The DLP project transition plan presents those activities and the organizations that are responsible to effect the transition of the DLP into the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Technical Center. This plan identifies the functional interfaces, equipment description, testing, training, and logistics support necessary for an orderly transition at the FAA Technical Center.

Morfitt, Gary; Doucett, Noel A.

1990-04-01

256

An empirical analysis of the relationship between project planning and project success  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between project planning efforts and project success. Three planning aspects are considered (requirements definition, development of technical specifications, and project management processes and procedures), along with three perspectives on project success (end-user, project manager, and contracting office). The study is based on data from more than a hundred defense research and development projects (aimed at

Dov Dvir; Tzvi Raz; Aaron J. Shenhar

2003-01-01

257

Perception of and attitudes toward the Nigerian federal population policy, family planning program and family planning in Kaduna State, Nigeria.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the perceptions of the Nigerian population policy, family planning program and family planning using data obtained from a 1995 survey of 600 Atyap women aged 15-49 years, in Nigeria. Additional qualitative data were obtained from married and unmarried women and men, clergymen, government officials, and respected community elders. The predominantly Christian and rural Atyap community generally accepts modern contraception and the need for family size reduction but considers the "four-is-enough" policy to be unacceptable. Religion may be important in determining the success of the federal government to reduce family size to four children by the year 2000. PMID:11000710

Avong, H N

2000-04-01

258

Project management plan for the Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes the project management plan for design and development of the Object Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) Project. The purpose of the project management plan is to document the plans, goals, directions, commitments, approaches, and decisions that relate to guiding a project throughout its life cycle. Special attention is given to project goals, deliverables, sponsor and project standards, project resources, schedule, and cost estimates.

Rasch, K.A.; Reid, R.W.

1997-02-01

259

States continue to expand eligibility for family planning services under Medicaid.  

PubMed

Since 1993, 12 US states have asked for federal permission to expand eligibility for Medicaid-covered family planning services. The US government has granted permission to five of these states. Federal and state funds would support the proposed programs. California, not one of the 12 states, did not seek federal permission but is using its own funds to expand family planning services for all women whose incomes are between the regular Medicaid income ceiling and 200% of poverty. Providers would certify eligibility. Women would not need to go to a welfare agency for eligibility determination in California. Illinois, Maryland, Rhode Island, and South Carolina have received permission to extend eligibility for family planning services beyond the normal 60-day postpartum termination date to as long as five years. Missouri, New York, and Washington have requested permission to extend the postpartum period from 10 to 24 months. The US government approved Delaware's plan to extend Medicaid coverage for family planning services for two years after the termination of regular Medicaid benefits for any reason. Texas hopes to receive permission for a similar demonstration project. Arkansas, Michigan, New Mexico, and South Carolina hope to receive permission to grant Medicaid coverage of family planning services to any woman with a family income up to a specified income level (e.g., Michigan and New Mexico, 185% of poverty). All these programs will likely increase the availability of family planning services for many low-income women while reducing the overall cost to government, especially since most of the women would be eligible for Medicaid-funded maternity care if they became pregnant and give birth. South Carolina estimates that Medicaid-funded family planning services to women for 24 months after childbirth will save the federal and state governments $20 million over five years. A recent Guttmacher Institute study shows that every dollar spent on contraception saves $3 that would otherwise have to be spent through Medicaid for pregnancy-related and newborn care. PMID:12347484

Gold, R B

1996-09-01

260

The heuristic approach in IDSS for project planning and scheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classical project planning and scheduling techniques have been successful in project management. At the present, intelligent decision support systems (IDSS) have been proposed and applied in real world. We propose a heuristic approach in IDSS for project planning and scheduling and developed a synthesis system of project management and control decision support system (PMCDSS), which is an intelligent interactive computer-based

Deng Guishi; He Yonghong

1993-01-01

261

Project plan remove special nuclear material from PFP project plutonium finishing plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

This plan presents the overall objectives, description, justification and planning for the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Remove Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Materials. The intent of this plan is to describe how this project will be managed and integrated with other facility stabilization and deactivation activities. This plan supplements the overall integrated plan presented in the Plutonium Finishing Plant Integrated Project

1999-01-01

262

On the efficiency of multiple media family planning promotion campaigns.  

PubMed

This article presents the result of a study conducted by Miriam N. Jato on the impact of multimedia family planning communication campaigns on contraceptive use. The study was conducted in Tanzania, where a government program integrated family planning into maternal and child health care services in 1988, while in 1992 a private-sector condom-marketing program begun and a national population policy for wider distribution of family planning information was adopted by the government. In less than 3 years, contraceptive use was found to have doubled to a level of 11.3% and the total fertility rate declined from an average of 6.3 to 5.8 live births. The result of the study indicates that exposure to media sources of family planning messages was directly associated with increased contraceptive use. Moreover, the use of modern methods increased among women who were exposed to a greater number of media sources, as did discussion of family planning with spouses and attendance of health facilities. The programmatic implications of the results confirm that utilization of multiple media channels in the promotion of family planning and other reproductive issues must be continued, with emphasis on media sources that reach large audiences. PMID:12349449

263

The "anatomy" of Thailand's successful family planning program.  

PubMed

Begun in the early 1970s, Thailand's Population Program has been and unqualified success. The program has been able to reduce population growth from 3.2% in 1970s to 1.2% as of 1989. From the early 1970s to 1987, contraceptive prevalence increased from 14.8 to 70.6%. Several factors account for the success. In contrast to the Philippines, whose population program has not been as successful, Thailand has not experienced religious opposition to family planning, since BUddhists favor limiting children. The Thai program has also stated a clear delineation of roles for nongovernment organizations. In order to avoid duplication of programs and competition among field workers, the Ministry of Health coordinates all programs. Success is also due to the program's demographic-economic approach, which stresses the economic implications of population growth. Finally, the availability and accessibility of to family planning services has greatly contributed to the success of the program. All government hospitals have a family planning clinic, and midwives, nurses, and doctors all receive family planning training. Unless clients can demonstrate that they are unable to pay, all family planning services carry a standard fee. The Thai Population Program has evolved from a purely family planning contraceptive service to a community development program designed to improve the productivity of individuals. The government has implemented the Thailand Business Initiative in Rural Development, which involves the participation of civic-minded business groups in assisting community development. PMID:12317181

Nepomuceno, T

264

Forward Plan for BCHS Family Planning Program, 1976-1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document outlines the section of the Forward Plan dealing with the following objectives: public education to all persons of reproductive capability; professional education to all health care practitioners and institutions, keeping them informed of ade...

R. Steele

1974-01-01

265

A Comparison of Hispanic and White Adolescent Females' Use of Family Planning Services in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

CONTEXT: In California, the adolescent birthrate among Hispanics is three times that among whites. Because Hispan- ics are projected to make up one-half of the state's adolescents by 2020, it is important to determine how cultural and health policy-relevant factors are linked to this group's use of family planning services. METHODS: Data from the 2001 California Health Interview Survey were

M. Rosa Solorio; Hongjian Yu; E. Richard Brown; Lida Becerra; Lillian Gelberg

2004-01-01

266

A Family of Models for Manipulation Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manipulation tasks are those that cannot be accom- plished without making and breaking contacts. If manip- ulation tasks are to be performed by autonomous robots, they must have access to planning algorithms that \\

Peng Song; Vijay Kumar; J. C. Trinkle; Jong-Shi Pang

267

Population and Family Planning in Latin America. Report Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of Latin America's demographic situation has led many to believe that the present rapid rates of population growth, the highest anywhere in the world, must be reduced in order to prevent catastrophe. Family planning associations, affiliated with the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), have been organized in 29 Latin…

Piotrow, Phyllis T., Ed.

268

Current status of natural family planning in Granada (Spain)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Spain the use of natural family planning (NFP) is limited. In Barcelona, CODIPLAN, an NFP planning center, has offered natural methods to potential users for a number of years. In Granada and Jaén, information provided by health professionals on fertility awareness is now gaining importance. In 1989, a seminar introduced NFP in Granada; the program has been very active

E. Barranco; M. J. Sanchez; I. Garcia; F. Soler; M. D. Chica

1994-01-01

269

Current Literature in Family Planning, November 1972, No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of current publications in the fields of population and family planning are contained in this monthly acquisitions list of the Katherine Dexter McCormick Library, Planned Parenthood, New York. Organized in two parts, Part 1 contains an annotated list of the books most recently acquired by the Library, marked with its Library call number,…

Planned Parenthood--World Population, New York, NY. Katherine Dexter McCormick Library.

270

A Selection of Films for Family Planning Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This catalog gives an annotated listing of selected films available for use in family planning programs. Films are listed alphabetically, geographically by particular country, and by subject. In most cases information is given concerning length, producer, distributor, cost, and rental conditions from the International Planned Parenthood…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

271

Population and Family Planning in Latin America. Report Number 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of Latin America's demographic situation has led many to believe that the present rapid rates of population growth, the highest anywhere in the world, must be reduced in order to prevent catastrophe. Family planning associations, affiliated with the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), have been organized in 29 Latin…

Piotrow, Phyllis T., Ed.

272

The needs of adolescent women utilizing family planning services  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide comprehensive family planning services to adolescents requires going beyond the provision of birth control methods. To determine other needs, all women 18 years old and under attending Planned Parenthood of New York City clinics for the first time during a six week sample period were interviewed. Data were collected from 476 adolescents. Results indicated that: (a) there were

Jerry Cahn

1977-01-01

273

West Indian gender relations, family planning programs and fertility decline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearly all West Indian islands initiated marked fertility declines sometime between 1960 and 1970. Family planning programs have not played an important role in these declines. Neither have other variables that conventional social theory tells us should promote reduced family sizes, like education and rising standards of living. The historical experience of Barbados and Antigua, which reached replacement- level fertility

W. Penn Handwerker

1992-01-01

274

Intelligent estimation agent based on CMMI ontology for project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate estimation of the total project cost is important for project management. It can help an organization analyze the feasibility of a project and reduce the risk of project failure. In this paper, an ontology-based intelligent estimation agent, including a CMMI-based project planning ontology and a fuzzy cost estimation mechanism, is proposed for the total project cost estimation. The proposed

Chang-Shing Lee; Mei-Hui Wang; Zhi-Rong Yan; Chi-Fang Lo; Hao-Han Chuang; Yi-Chen Lin

2008-01-01

275

Business System Planning Project, Alternatives Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The CHG Chief Information Officer (CIO) requested a study of alternatives to the current business system computing environment. This Business Systems Planning (BSP) Project Alternatives Analysis document presents an analysis of the current Project Controls, Work Management, and Business Management systems environment and alternative solutions that support the business functions. The project team has collected requirements and priorities from stakeholders in each business area and documented them in the BSP System Requirements Specification (SRS), RPP-6297. The alternatives analysis process identifies and measures possible solutions in each of the business process areas against the requirements as documented in the SRS. The team gathered input from both internal and external sources to identify and grade the possible solutions. This document captures the results of that activity and recommends a suite of software products. This study was to select the best product based on how well the product met the requirements, not to determine the platform or hardware environment that would be used. Additional analysis documentation can be found in BSP project files.

EVOSEVICH, S.

2000-10-30

276

Opinion: Natural family planning and the management of infertility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproductive behaviour in modern western society has changed dramatically in the last two decades. Parenthood is now well\\u000a planned. If planned pregnancies do not occur as expected, early infertility care is often demanded with the risk of over-treatment.\\u000a Live birth rates in untreated subfertile couples reach nearly 55% in 36 months. During this period, self-monitoring with natural\\u000a family planning (NFP)

Christian Gnoth; Petra Frank-Herrmann; Günter Freundl

2002-01-01

277

[Effect of development of rural commodity economy on family planning].  

PubMed

The paper discusses the effects of the changes of rural income level on family planning practice based a survey of 200 rural families in a affluent vegetable producing area of suburban Beijing. In 1984, 99.7% of child birth followed the local birth planning, and 99.1% of families with one child received One Child Certificates. The annual per capita income of the 200 families was 1,092 yuan (1 US$ = 3.7 yuan) in 1984 even higher than the community average. The number of children was negatively associated with the per capita income and per capita consumption except families with 4 children, most of whom have grown up. The rural mechanization in the community has greatly increased the need for skills and technology rather than strong laborers. The provision of community welfare programs and the increased living standard changed the value of children and also changed people's perception in favor of gender equality. Among families with 1 or 2 children, most preferred to have girls. And among families with more children, the preferred family size is smaller than the actual size, which shows a tendency towards favoring a small family. Among 1 child families, 58.7% considered 1 boy and 1 girl to be ideal, and 37.7% was happy with the only child. As the community becomes richer, both the community and individual families increased their investment in education. The spending on education per child was over 2 times as high in 1 child families than the families with more children. The educational status of parents is positively associated with the exception of children's future education and current spending on education. The concern of parents over children's education is an important factor in improving the quality of labor force. Women of higher education status are more acceptable to contraception and family planning policy. The relatively high level of education of the community has been conducive to it fertility decline. PMID:12280626

Chen, X

1986-05-01

278

Volunteer Senior Aides: The Pasadena Family Friends Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project matches senior volunteers, 55 years and older, with chronically ill or disabled children and their families. These volunteers act as surrogate grandparents to the children and become close, supportive friends to the entire family. The goal is...

S. Forer-Dehrey S. Steinke

1994-01-01

279

Family planning education helps build self-esteem.  

PubMed

I got married at the age of 20. In our community, generally girls are married off at 15 or 16, but my marriage was delayed according to my father's and my wishes. I did not desire to have my first child immediately. My husband and I are very young and I did not want to assume maternal responsibilities so early in life. Picking up courage, I spoke to my husband. On learning that he had similar views, I was very relieved. I belong to a middle-class family. Due to an absence of a high school in the village. I was forced to drop out of school. Young girls in our community are not allowed to move freely within the village, much less the outside world. But when I was 19, I got the opportunity to gain a lot of information on family planning, health, personal hygiene and good nutrition as part of the Better Life Project. I also learned beauty skills, embroidery, knitting and video film-making. Often I share the information and skills I learned with others. I have even advised my brother's wives about proper child care and immunization. Now that I have a good relationship with the unmarried sister of my husband, I sometimes tell her whatever I have learned. I have felt a great change in myself. My earlier inhibitions in talking to people have dropped, and I can entertain and speak freely with guests who come home. I am more confident about traveling outside my village to other places alone or with company. Learning to operate a video camera and producing a film was my favorite experience. I discovered that I can do what is normally said to be the work of boys only. Sometimes I think that if I had not learned new skills, I would not have been able to share my feelings about family planning with my husband. My mother-in-law is also agreeable to our decision about waiting to have children because both my brothers-in-law have large families. However, I have to face my sisters-in-law who taunt me about my childless status. The problem now is that my husband is not satisfied using condoms. I have decided to consult the doctor at the mobile clinic about taking pills or other methods of contraception. PMID:12287152

Choudhary, P

1993-10-01

280

Vital aspects of nursing: the family planning component.  

PubMed

3 basic conditions are needed to accelerate the adoption of India's family planning program: social approval for the program; knowledge about family planning; and availability of services. The program is likely to succeed if an intensive drive is made to establish effective communication with people in order to create in them a recognition of the value of a small family. Nursing personnel form a vital component of the health team that has to shoulder major responsibilities in creating the above basic conditions in the country. Their knowledge, skills and devotion bring them close to the patients and communities under circumstances where most of their advice is welcomed. This, along with the nature of their tasks, can help nurses to help the families in accepting the family planning program. As educators nurses will need to integrate an educational component in their daily activities and to utilize various interactional situations to inform couples about the advantages of planned parenthood, available methods for spacing and limitation, motivate them to accept a contraceptive method, to remove doubts and fears about family planning methods, and to make people aware of the maternal and child health (MCH) component of the program. It is essential for a nurse to judge the effectiveness of her instruction. She can accomplish this by observing and studying the reactions and actions of her audience. Nurses also have a role in planning special aspects of the family planning program. As program planners, nurses must draw inferences from the collected data and apply these in developing a feasible and effective program for their respective areas. Nurses can play an important role in determining training needs of volunteers and in developing and imparting training. Every nurse functions to some degree in a supervisory capacity. In the family planning program the role of a nurse includes the supervision of auxiliary nurse midwives, traditional birth attendants, family planning depot holders, and others who are involved in the program in both clinic and community situations. In clinical settings nurses can assist in arranging clinics to follow procedures for prescribing clinical methods, in the maintenance of equipment, distribution of medicine, and preparation of case cards. In the rural areas nurses can aid in the development of an efficient supply line in the community. Nurses can also play an important role in the maintenance of family planning records. PMID:6923319

Bhandari, U; Bhandari, V

1982-05-01

281

Sample management implementation plan: Salt Repository Project  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Sample Management Implementation Plan is to define management controls and building requirements for handling materials collected during the site characterization of the Deaf Smith County, Texas, site. This work will be conducted for the US Department of Energy Salt Repository Project Office (SRPO). The plan provides for controls mandated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the US Environmental Protection Agency. Salt Repository Project (SRP) Sample Management will interface with program participants who request, collect, and test samples. SRP Sample Management will be responsible for the following: (1) preparing samples; (2) ensuring documentation control; (3) providing for uniform forms, labels, data formats, and transportation and storage requirements; and (4) identifying sample specifications to ensure sample quality. The SRP Sample Management Facility will be operated under a set of procedures that will impact numerous program participants. Requesters of samples will be responsible for definition of requirements in advance of collection. Sample requests for field activities will be approved by the SRPO, aided by an advisory group, the SRP Sample Allocation Committee. This document details the staffing, building, storage, and transportation requirements for establishing an SRP Sample Management Facility. Materials to be managed in the facility include rock core and rock discontinuities, soils, fluids, biota, air particulates, cultural artifacts, and crop and food stuffs. 39 refs., 3 figs., 11 tabs.

Not Available

1987-05-27

282

Family Health Nurse Project—An Education Program of the World Health OrganizationThe University of Stirling Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the delivery of the Family Health Nurse Education Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) at the University of Stirling, Scotland, from 2001 to 2005. The program was part of the WHO European Family Health Nurse pilot project. The curriculum outlined by the WHO Curriculum Planning Group detailed the broad thrust of the Family Health Nurse Education

Ian Murray

2008-01-01

283

Special Report: Banjul Islam Conference endorses family planning.  

PubMed

44 participants from 12 West African nations met in Banjul, the Gambia, from October 22-26, 1979 and unanimously agreed that family planning is in conformity with Islam. They called for greater involvement of local Muslim leaders in African countries to encourage family planning for the promotion of maternal and child health. The Conference was sponsored by IPPF Africa Region and attended by representatives of Muslim associations, health and family planning workers, teachers, government officials, and experts on Muslim law from Cameroon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Upper Volta, and Zaire. The Conference members acknowledged that while the Koran, the Sunna, and the concensus of most Islam scholars is that family planning is acceptable within marriage, most traditional religious leaders are ignorant of the fact. Muslim women should be encouraged to take an interest in family planning. Other recommendations were educating Muslims on nutrition, sanitation, and health; to collect views of African Muslim leaders and publicize them; and, to persuade Ministries of Education to include family relations and parenthood in school curricula. PMID:12178318

1979-11-01

284

Family planning in Russia: experience and attitudes of gynecologists.  

PubMed

A survey was made of 375 Russian gynecologists. The questionnaire on family planning and contraceptives was distributed at the beginning of three local educational symposia. Almost all participants filled in the questionnaire on attitudes, knowledge and experience with family planning. The sample consisted of departmental specialists and heads of departments/clinics, working mainly at in- or out-patient women's health clinics. The mean age was 37 years; 83% were women, living in medium-sized or large cities (80%). Half of them had been working as a gynecologist for more than 10 years. Only 55% had been trained in family planning. The main reasons mentioned for the high abortion rate in Russia were the lack of education, non-involvement of male partner, and lack of modern contraceptives. Most of the gynecologists were in favor of special family planning clinics with special attention to services for the users. About half of the physicians knew how the pill works and estimated that 41% of women know that the pill contains estrogens. Sixty-two percent found that patients are badly informed about available contraception. Main sources of information on contraception were journals/books, colleagues and mass media. The majority reported having a directive style of patient counseling, and stated that parents should be informed of their teenagers' sexual experiences. The more experienced physicians with a training in family planning were better informed on contraception and showed a more patient-concerned attitude. It is concluded that health care providers should be the main target group of training and education in family planning, and need the support of Western European family planning organizations. PMID:8237572

Visser, A P; Bruyniks, N; Remennick, L

1993-06-01

285

Financing family planning services: is categorical legislation still needed?  

PubMed

Federal and state funds have provided for family planning services in American since the 1960s. Since 1976, services have been funded principally through federal statutes Title X of the Public Health Service Act and Titles V, XIX, and XX of the Social Security Act as well as various state appropriations. While these statutes aim to ensure that women of lower socioeconomic status enjoy access to reproductive health care services, levels of public expenditure in this area vary widely among states. In 1987, public family planning expenditures/woman at risk ranged from $60.16 in Wisconsin to $9.41 in Florida. Within this range of expenditures, the relative importance of each funding source per state varies widely. States with the most robust Title XIX programs, Medicaid, however, have highest per woman family planning expenditures. Upon reviewing the complement of public funding sources and how they are spent at the state level, the authors argue that categorical legislation is still needed to protect access to contraceptive services in America. In particular, of funds from supporting statues, Medicaid is distributed most equitable across the country. These funds paid for 36% of all public outlays for family planning in 1987. Without categorical legislation, however, Medicaid is insufficient to maintain the national family planning effort; the 1987 contribution of $10.49/woman at risk of unwanted pregnancy was insufficient to provide minimum services. Title X requires grantees to follow regulations which ensure state uniformity of quality and service distribution; submission of annual 5-year plans to Congress on how family planning goals will be achieved; and also authorizes monies for training and research. Despite political attacks, family planning funding must remain separate from maternal and child health programs. Such independence will keep these services politically visible; allow use of the more extensive family planning delivery system; catalyze states to spend other monies on family planning; and fuel innovations in service delivery, client education, and new contraceptive technologies. Title X should even be reauthorized under more precise mandates and include a national data collection system, consideration of the shortage of clinicians, and codification of 1981 guidelines reversed by the gag rule. PMID:12344741

Mcfarlane, D R; Meier, K J

286

[Family planning at the turn of the 21st century].  

PubMed

This work constitutes a plea for the widest possible acceptance and encouragement of family planning throughout the world in order to avoid the irreversible environmental damage that will inevitably come with excessive numbers. Limitation of reproduction, preferably voluntarily, is possible by means of the effective and generally safe contraceptive methods now available. Preservation of the environment will require effective antipollution policies and an unwelcome control of the rampant consumerism of contemporary culture. Alarm among demographers in developed countries concerning exponential population increase developed about a half-century ago, only shortly after the feminist-led struggle for reproductive freedom provided a moral and juridical foundation for family planning. The demographic focus was not used to promote family planning among Third World countries, as that would have been viewed as heavy handed intrusion into the most intimate realm of domestic life. Instead, the nondemographic benefits such as improved maternal and child health and family well-being were stressed. It may be time to modify the focus. Ecologists must strive for a radical transformation of consumerist culture but must not ignore the pressure of numbers. Satisfying the needs of the world's most impoverished will greatly increase pressure on resources. Family planning has been accepted by the majority of the world's couples, but the unsatisfied demand has been estimated to amount to 100 million couples throughout the world. Providing information and services for such couples is the greatest challenge facing family planning programs. Many enemies of family planning have lost influence, but some critics from within family planning programs have deflected attention from the tasks of service delivery and may have postponed progress in some areas. Feminists who object to the concentration on female methods, developmentalists who believe that contraception will be accepted eventually as living standards improve, and integrationists who emphasize maternal-child health services to the detriment of family planning are examples. In view of the environmental threat as the twenty-first century dawns, the time may have come to view family planning not only as a right, but as a duty. PMID:12288162

Trias, M

1994-06-01

287

Operational Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared to cover the environmental monitoring performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) as it implements the Operational Environmental Monitoring Program (OEMP). This plan applied to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Westinghouse Hanford in implementing the OEMP at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by US Department of

1992-01-01

288

Operational Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan. Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared to cover the environmental monitoring performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) as it implements the Operational Environmental Monitoring Program (OEMP). This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Westinghouse Hanford in implementing the OEMP at the Hanford site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by US Department of

1993-01-01

289

Operational Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared to cover the environmental monitoring performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) as it implements the Operational Environmental Monitoring Program (OEMP). This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Westinghouse Hanford in implementing the OEMP at the Hanford site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by US Department of

1993-01-01

290

Single Shell Tank (SST) Interim Stabilization Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This project plan establishes the management framework for the conduct of the CHG Single-Shell Tank Interim Stabilization completion program. Specifically, this plan defines the mission needs and requirements; technical objectives and approach; organization structure, roles, responsibilities, and interfaces; and operational methods. This plan serves as the project executional baseline.

VLADIMIROFF, D.T.; BOYLES, V.C.

2000-05-22

291

Islamic logics, reproductive rationalities: family planning in northern Pakistan.  

PubMed

This paper explores the use of Islamic doctrine and jurisprudence by family planning organizations in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of northern Pakistan. It examines how particular interpretations of Islam are promoted in order to encourage fertility reductions, and the ways Muslim clerics, women and their families react to this process. The paper first discusses how Pakistan's demographic crisis, as the world's sixth most populous nation, has been widely blamed on under-funding for reproductive health services and wavering political commitment to family planning. Critics have called for innovative policy and programming to counter 'excessive reproduction' by also addressing socio-cultural and religious barriers to contraceptive uptake. Drawing on two years of ethnographic research, the paper examines how family planning organizations in Gilgit-Baltistan respond to this shift by employing moderate interpretations of Islam that qualify contraceptive use as a 'rational' reproductive strategy and larger families as 'irrational'. However, the use of Islamic rhetoric to enhance women's health-seeking agency and enable fertility reductions is challenged by conservative Sunni ulema (clergy), who seek to reassert collective control over women's bodies and fertility by deploying Islamic doctrine that honors frequent childbearing. Sunnis' minority status and the losses incurred by regional Shia-Sunni conflicts have further strengthened clerics' pronatalist campaigns. The paper then analyses how Sunni women navigate the multiple reproductive rationalities espoused by 'Islamized' family planning and conservative ulema. Although Islamized family planning legitimizes contraceptive use and facilitates many women's stated desire for smaller families, it frequently positions women against the interests of family, community and conservative Islam. PMID:22889427

Varley, Emma

2012-01-01

292

Planning for Affordable Single-Family Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual highlights some of the steps that communities have taken to cut housing costs. The focus is on affordable single-family detached housing and the local land development regulations that communities are enacting to promote such housing. The manua...

1986-01-01

293

UMTRA Project Office Records Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office maintains two distinct records handling areas. One of the areas is maintained by a Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC), and is referred to as the UMTRA Project Document Control Center (UPDCC). The UPDCC manages all UMTRA records except those dealing with contracts, personnel, budgeting, finance, and any other documents which are of a purely administrative nature. The second area, the UMTRA Project Administrative Files Collection (UPAFC), contains all those records listed above that are not managed by the UPDCC. This Records Management Plan (RMP) for the UPAFC will be the framework for identifying the elements and activities that relate to the management and operational aspects involved in the handling of UPAFC. Guidelines for the program will be obtained from US Department of Energy (DOE) Orders. DOE Orders implement the guidelines issued by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), the final authority for records management. The RMP will address the life cycle of records, including their creation, maintenance, use, and disposition.

Not Available

1993-06-01

294

Project X Accelerator R&D Plan  

SciTech Connect

Project X is a high intensity proton facility conceived to support a world-leading program in neutrino and flavor physics over the next two decades at Fermilab. Project X is an integral part of the Fermilab Roadmap as described in the Fermilab Steering Group Report. Project X is based on an 8 GeV superconducting H-linac, paired with the existing (but modified) Main Injector and Recycler Ring, to provide in excess of 2 MW of beam power throughout the energy range 60-120 GeV, simultaneous with at least 100 kW of beam power at 8 GeV. The linac utilizes technology in common with the ILC over the energy range 0.6-8.0 GeV. Beam current parameters can be made identical to ILC resulting in identical rf generation and distribution systems. This alignment of ILC and Project X technologies allows for a shared development effort. The initial 0.6 GeV of the linac draws heavily on technology developed by Argonne National Laboratory for a facility for rare isotope beams. It is anticipated that the exact configuration and operating parameters of the linac will be defined through the R&D program and will retain alignment with the ILC plan as it evolves over this period. Utilization of the Recycler Ring as an H{sup -} stripper and accumulator ring is the key element that provides the flexibility to operate the linac with the same beam parameters as the ILC. The linac operates at 5 Hz with a total of 5.6 x 10{sup 13} H{sup -} ions delivered per pulse. H{sup -} are stripped at injection into the Recycler in a manner that 'paints' the beam both transversely and longitudinally to reduce space charge forces. Following the 1 ms injection, the orbit moves off the stripping foil and circulates for 200 msec, awaiting the next injection. Following three such injections a total of 1.7 x 10{sup 14} protons are transferred in a single turn to the Main Injector. These protons are then accelerated to 120 GeV and fast extracted to a neutrino target. The Main Injector cycle takes 1.4 seconds, producing approximately 2.3 MW of beam power at 120 GeV. At lower proton energies Main Injector cycle times can be shorter, allowing a beam power above 2 MW in the range of proton energy between 60 GeV and 120 GeV. In parallel, because the loading of the Recycler only requires 0.6 seconds, up to four linac cycles are available for accumulation and distribution of 8 GeV protons from the Recycler. Total available 8 GeV beam power lies in the range of 100-200 kW, depending on the energy in the Main Injector. Primary modifications to the existing accelerator complex to support Project X include integration of an H{sup -} injection system, a new RF system, a new extraction system, and measures to mitigate electron cloud effects, in the Recycler Ring. The Main Injector would need a new RF system, measures to preserve beam stability through transition, and measures to mitigate electron cloud effects. Finally, substantial modifications to the existing NuMI target station will be required to support >2 MW operations. It is anticipated that Project X configured as described above would initially support high intensity neutrino beams to the NOvA experiment, in parallel with at least one new 8 GeV based flavor/rare decay experiment. Depending upon future directions flexibility is retained for delivering neutrinos toward the DUSEL site and/or protons into the Tevatron. The purpose of this document is to describe an R&D plan that would position the U.S. to initiate construction of Project X in the 2012 time frame, assuming a go ahead decision in roughly 2010. The organization of this document is as follows: (1) Goals - Describes goals of the R&D and preliminary design period (2008-2011). Included are design, technical development, project documentation, and organizational goals. These are described in the context of an overall set of performance goals for Project X. (2) R&D Plan Elements - Describes the essential technical elements of the plan, including major subsystem performance requirements, associated accelerator and technology issues, and the plans for add

Not Available

2008-01-31

295

Achieving success with family planning in rural Afghanistan  

PubMed Central

Abstract Problem Afghan women have one of the world’s highest lifetime risks of maternal death. Years of conflict have devastated the country’s health infrastructure. Total fertility was one of the world’s highest, contraceptive use was low and there were no Afghan models of success for family planning. Approach We worked closely with communities, providing information about the safety and non-harmful side-effects of contraceptives and improving access to injectable contraceptives, pills and condoms. Regular interaction with community leaders, mullahs (religious leaders), clinicians, community health workers and couples led to culturally acceptable innovations. A positive view of birth spacing was created by the messages that contraceptive use is 300 times safer than pregnancy in Afghanistan and that the Quran (the holy book of Islam) promotes two years of breastfeeding. Community health workers initiated the use of injectable contraceptives for the first time. Local setting The non-for-profit organization, Management Sciences for Health, Afghan nongovernmental organizations and the Ministry of Public Health implemented the Accelerating Contraceptive Use project in three rural areas with different ethnic populations. Relevant changes The contraceptive prevalence rate increased by 24–27% in 8 months in the project areas. Men supported modern contraceptives once they understood contraceptive safety, effectiveness and non-harmful side-effects. Injectable contraceptives contributed most to increases in contraceptive use. Lessons learnt Community health workers can rapidly increase contraceptive use in rural areas when given responsibility and guidance. Project innovations were adopted as best practices for national scale-up.

Saeedi, Nika; Samadi, Abdul Khalil

2010-01-01

296

A hierarchical approach to multi-project planning under uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey several viewpoints on the management of the planning complexity of multi-project organisations under uncertainty. Based on these viewpoints we propose a positioning framework to distinguish between different types of project-driven organisations. This framework is meant to aid project management in the choice between the various existing planning approaches. We also discuss the current state of the art of

E. W. Hans; Willy Herroelen; Roel Leus; G. Wullink

2007-01-01

297

The relationship between planning & control risk and ERP project success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) projects have often been found to be complex and risky to implement in business enterprises. Thus, an understanding of the risk factors inherent in implementing ERP projects can help to reduce the incidence of failure. The results not only revealed which planning & control risk factors are associated with ERP project implementation, but also showed that

W.-H. Tsai; S.-J. Lin; W.-R. Lin; J.-Y. Liu

2009-01-01

298

Male attitudes towards family planning in Khartoum, Sudan.  

PubMed

Knowledge of, attitudes toward, and use of contraception were investigated in a 1982 survey of 250 men living in Khartoum, Sudan. Interviews were conducted at mosques, marketplaces, a government office building, and a textile factory. 75% of respondents were ages 21-40. 92% of respondents expressed the belief that Khartoum is overcrowded, although this was attributed by 57% to rural-urban migration. Despite the fact that 85-95% linked overpopulation with social problems such as inflation, food shortages, and unemployment, 72% expressed a desire for 5 or more children. Only 30% of the men interviewed supported the concept of family size limitation, largely for economic reasons. The majority of those opposing family size limitation cited religious reasons. Attitudes toward child spacing were more favorable, with 80% indicating approval 59% of the men with wives at risk of pregnancy reported that they were using some form of contraception, but only 21% were using an effective method. Two-thirds of respondents reported that they do not discuss contraception with their spouse. 60% identified either the mass media or friends and relatives as their source of family planning information. Although 64% indicated an awarencess of where to obtain family planning services, only 2.8% had ever received services from a family planning clinic. 79% voiced an interest in more information on family planning, and 59% with wives of reproductive age wanted to use family planning services. Most respondents desired more information on sexual sterilization and, although surgical contraception is not available in Sudan, 10% said they would consider this method when they attained their desired family size. The belief that family size should be limited increased dramatically with education, from 9% among those with no formal schooling to 45% among men with 13 or more years of school. Men under 40 years of age had more favorable attitudes toward family planning than older men. Surprisingly, men interviewed at mosques had the most favorable attitudes whereas government employees were the most conservative. Overall, these fndings suggest that the present family planning clinic system in Sudan may be falling short of meeting the demand for information services. PMID:6490682

Mustafa, M A; Mumford, S D

1984-10-01

299

Mini-muddling: learning from project plan deviations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of the informal and incidental learning that takes place in project work among individuals who must adapt to deviations from project plans. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Reflections in the study are built on four power plant projects found in an integrated provider of projects of this type. The projects were followed by

Markus Hällgren; Timothy L. Wilson

2007-01-01

300

Evolution of project planning tools in a matrix organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently, the Corporate Construction Program at Sandia was experiencing difficulties in managing projects: poor planning and cost estimating caused schedule and budget problems. The first step taken was a Microsoft {reg_sign} Project schedule that provides a standard template for scheduling individual construction projects. It is broken down according to the life cycle of the project and prevents the project

J. P. Furaus; C. Figueroa-McInteer; P. S. McKeever; D. B. Wisler; J. T. Zavadil

1996-01-01

301

NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software

Fishler

2011-01-01

302

Family planning knowledge and practice among Nigerian women attending an antenatal clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates family planning activity in 308 Nigerian women attending an antenatal clinic. Family planning awareness was present in 234 women (76%) and practice occurred in 168 (54.5%). Proposal to practice family planning occurred in 66 of 137 women who had never used contraception while 69 (22.4%) had no intention to practice family planning.

J. I. B. Adinma; B. O. Nwosu

1995-01-01

303

The Family Career Development Project in Chinese Canadian Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six Chinese-Canadian parent-adolescent pairs were monitored over 6 months, revealing characteristics of family involvement in adolescent career development: importance of parental agenda, adolescents' involvement, parent communication of reasoning, and adolescent withholding/withdrawing response. Family career development was central to other…

Young, Richard A.; Ball, Jessica; Valach, Ladislav; Turkel, Hayley; Wong, Yuk Shuen

2003-01-01

304

Wildlife Protection, Mitigation, and Enhancement Plan, Palisades Project: Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Under direction of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980 and the subsequent Northwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, projects have been developed in Idaho and Wyoming to mitiga...

G. A. Meuleman R. C. Martin H. J. Hansen

1987-01-01

305

National Ignition Facility project acquisition plan revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this National Ignition Facility Acquisition Plan is to describe the overall procurement strategy planned for the National Ignition Facility M Project. It was prepared for the NIP Prood Office by the NIF Procurement Manager.

Clobes, A.R.

1996-10-01

306

PRE-QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN (QAPP) AGREEMENT (PQA) (HANDOUT)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division (LRPCD) QA Manager strives to assist LRPCD researchers in developing functional planning documents for their research projects. As part of the planning process, several pieces of information are needed, including information re...

307

The Family Writing Project: Creating Space for Sustaining Teacher Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Family writing projects can change the nature of classroom writing instruction and rejuvenate teachers. Marilyn McKinney, Saralyn Lasley, and Rosemary Holmes-Gull report on their study of one such project in an urban school district. Using the concept of "third space," they describe the influence of this family literacy program on teacher…

McKinney, Marilyn; Lasley, Saralyn; Holmes-Gull, Rosemary

2008-01-01

308

45 CFR 1357.15 - Comprehensive child and family services plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...programs of services for children and families (including family preservation and support services...persons, as community service aides; and a plan for the use of nonpaid...involved. (d) The child and family services plan (CFSP):...

2010-10-01

309

45 CFR 1357.15 - Comprehensive child and family services plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...programs of services for children and families (including family preservation and support services...persons, as community service aides; and a plan for the use of nonpaid...involved. (d) The child and family services plan (CFSP):...

2009-10-01

310

[Family intervention according to Roy. Planning, execution and evaluation].  

PubMed

Last month, the author presented the first two steps necessary in the development of a nursing care plan. This care plan utilized Sister Callista Roy's conceptual model and was designed to evaluate the family system. The readers became familiar with the Joly family, whose family system was evaluated (this included Diane and Jessie). Analysis of the collected data identified two nursing diagnoses and the author explained the way that nursing diagnosis is derived. The first identified nursing diagnosis revealed a threat to the beneficiary, the second diagnosis revealed a threat to the family system. This second article is devoted to the three other steps involved in the development of a nursing care plan that will assist the nurse in developing a systematic strategy in caring for this type of family. The planning step consists of the identification of objectives for care. These objectives must be specific, measurable and realistic as well as able to answer the question: "What changes are intended for this family?" Suggestions are offered for objective development. Once the objectives are finalized, the nurse chooses pertinent and realistic interventions that permit her/him, as well as Diane, to attain the identified objectives. The nurse's interventions are centred around stimuli that are increased, decreased or maintained by the goal of modifying or reinforcing observed behaviors. In the care plan example developed for the Joly family, the identified interventions are not all inclusive and serve as suggestions. During the course of the interventions the nurse must constantly readjust and adapt the interventions to fit with changing needs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1477843

de Montigny, F

1992-10-01

311

Factors determining family planning in Catalonia. Sources of inequity  

PubMed Central

Introduction In recent decades, the foreign population in Spain has increased significantly, particularly for Catalonia, an autonomous region of Spain (2.90% in 2000 and 15.95% in 2010) and in particular Girona province (6.18% in 2000 and 21.55% in 2010). Several studies have shown a lower use of family planning methods by immigrants. This same trend is observed in Spain. The objective of this paper is to determine the existence of differences and possible sources of inequity in the use of family planning methods among health service users in Catalonia (Spain) by sex, health status, place of birth and socioeconomic conditions. Methods Data were taken from an ad-hoc questionnaire which was compiled following a qualitative stage of individual interviews. Said questionnaire was administered to 1094 Catalan public health service users during 2007. A complete descriptive analysis was carried out for variables related to public health service users’ sociodemographic characteristics and variables indicating knowledge and use of family planning methods, and bivariate relationships were analysed by means of chi-square contrasts. Considering the use (or non-use) of family planning methods as a dependent variable and a set of demographic, socioeconomic and health status variables as explanatory factors, the relationship was modelled using mixed models. Results The analysed sample is comprised of 54.3% women and 45.7% men, with 74.3% natives (or from the EU) and 25.7% economic immigrants. 54.8% use some method of family planning, the condom (46.7%) and the pill (28.0%) being the two most frequently used methods. Statistical modelling indicates that those factors which most influence the use of family planning methods are level of education (30.59% and 39.29% more likelihood) and having children over 14 (35.35% more likelihood). With regard to the origin of the user, we observe that patients from North Africa,sub. Saharan Africa and Asia are less likely to use family planning methods (36.68%, 38.59% and 70.51%, respectively). Conclusions The use of family planning methods is positively related to a higher level of education and having children over 14. Factors such as sex, age, income and self-perceived health do not appear to influence their use. Furthermore, being a native of this country, the European Union or Central/South America represents a greater likelihood of use than being African or Asian. Although no general differences in use were found between sexes, the difference found in the case of Asian women stands out, with a higher likelihood of use.

2012-01-01

312

QA program plan plutonium stabilization and handling project W-460  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) identifies Project Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all parties participating in the design, procurement, demolition, construction, installation, inspection and testing for Project W-460.

SCHULTZ, J.W.

1999-09-02

313

[Chen Muhua gives radio talk on family planning].  

PubMed

Planned parenthood is a major event concerning the vital interests of each family and individual and the prosperity and development of China. An excessive population growth rate has limited an improvement of the people's living standards and has adversely affected economic growth. Planned parenthood should be encouraged in accordance with China's Constitution and the provisions of the new marriage law. Late marriage and childbirth is a way of showing one's responsiblity toward the next generation. Eugenics is an important aspect of planned parenthood. Giving birth to physically unhealthy or mentally retarded children will place additional burdens on the family and society. In promoting planned parenthood it is necessary to do ideological and educational work in a patient and meticulous way. Planned parenthood must be widely propagated. Late marriage, late birth, and eugenics must be encouraged, and the advantages and significance of the 1 child family must be publicized. It is necessary to make early and realistic efforts to ensure the success of ideological work in planned parenthood, contraceptive measures, and birth programs. This will prevent unwanted conceptions and help achieve the goal of bringing the population under control. It is also necessary to strengthen work regarding maternity and child care and to popularize scientific knowledge concerning nursing babies. PMID:12264021

1981-02-01

314

Watch out for the blue circle: a breakthrough in family planning promotional strategy.  

PubMed

Realizing the potential of commercial marketing in changing the attitude and behavior of the target audience in the early years of the 4th 5-year development plan, the National Family Planning Program tried to develop new ventures in communicating the concept of the small family norm to the people. The condom was chosen as the 1st product to be sold through the social marketing project because male awareness about family planning was still low. Based on audience research, the pricing, packaging, and branding of the product was developed. The most accepted brand name was Dua Lima because it has a neutral meaning, is easily remembered, and can be described in sign language. The last reason is very important because most consumers have difficulty communicating about condoms in the sales outlet. Social marketing has proved effective because of strong public relations activities and the involvement of formal and informal leaders. This experiment has convinced family planning management that social marketing is workable for promoting the small family norm. In 1987, under the new program of self-sufficiency in family planning, the private sector is invited to participate by providing family planning services for target audiences, using the principles of self-sufficiency and self-support. There are 2 principal activities; 1) the IEC campaign, and 2) product (contraceptive) selling. IEC activities include a media campaign public relations work. Product selling is done through commercial channels such as pharmaceutical firms, drug stores, private doctors, and midwives. It was decided that the campaign would be aided by a name and logo. The blue circle was chosen because it is unique, communicative, and simple. The social marketing of contraceptives in Indonesia can be considered a breakthrough in communication strategy for a national development program. PMID:12282138

Sumarsono

1989-07-01

315

QA GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS FOR PREPARING STATE PESTICIDE QA PROGRAM PLANS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

QA guidance documents were developed for preparing State Pesticide QA Program Plans and Quality Assurance Project Plans. These documents not only serve to establish detailed and uniform policy and guidance for the expeditious preparation of both state QA program and project plan...

316

Developing an integrated project plan for the preparation of a Remedial Investigation\\/Feasibility Study Work Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of project planning is to develop a formalized baseline project plan that is used during project execution to track and monitor project performance. The baseline project plan developed under the guidelines presented in this paper integrates the technical scope, schedule, and budget so that the objectives of the project can be accomplished. During project execution, performance data are

Swanston

1994-01-01

317

Project plan international atomic energy agency (IAEA) safeguards project plutonium finishing plant  

SciTech Connect

This plan presents the overall objectives, description, justification and planning for the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) project. The intent of this plan is to describe how this project will be managed and integrated with other facility stabilization and deactivation activities. This plan supplements the overall integrated plan presented in the PFP Integrated Project Management Plan (PMP), HNF-3617, Rev. 0. This project plan is the top-level definitive project management document for the PFP IAEA project. It specifies the technical, schedule, requirements and the cost baselines to manage the execution of the IAEA project. Any deviations to the document must be authorized through the appropriate change control process.

BARTLETT, W.D.

1999-05-13

318

Tank waste remediation system privatization phase 1 infrastructure project W-519, project execution plan  

SciTech Connect

This Project Execution Plan (PEP) defines the overall strategy, objectives, and contractor management requirements for the execution phase of Project W-519 (98-D403), Privatization Phase 1 Infrastructure Support, whose mission is to effect the required Hanford site infrastructure physical changes to accommodate the Privatization Contractor facilities. This plan provides the project scope, project objectives and method of performing the work scope and achieving objectives. The plan establishes the work definitions, the cost goals, schedule constraints and roles and responsibilities for project execution. The plan also defines how the project will be controlled and documented.

Parazin, R.J.

1998-08-28

319

Mini-Muddling: Learning from Project Plan Deviations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of the informal and incidental learning that takes place in project work among individuals who must adapt to deviations from project plans. Design/methodology/approach: Reflections in the study are built on four power plant projects found in an integrated provider of projects of this…

Hallgren, Markus; Wilson, Timothy L.

2007-01-01

320

Systems engineering management and implementation plan for Project W-465, immobilized low-activity waste plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Systems Engineering Management and Implementation Plan (SEMIP) for TWRS Project W-465 describes the project implementation of the Tank Waste Remediation System Systems Engineering Management Plan (TWRS SEMP), Rev. 1. The SEMIP outlines systems engineering (SE) products and processes to be used by the project for technical baseline development. A formal graded approach is used to determine the products necessary

Latray

1998-01-01

321

40 CFR 93.115 - Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP. 93.115 Section...or Federal Implementation Plans of Transportation Plans, Programs, and Projects Developed...Criteria and procedures: Projects from a transportation plan and TIP. (a) The...

2012-07-01

322

Mediated and Moderated Effects of Business and Project Planning on Innovation Projects in Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on multi?respondent data of 130 innovation projects in hospitals, our study analyses the role of planning intensity for project success. Besides showing that also in complex service systems innovation projects are supported through planning, we contribute to innovation management research, first, by clearly differentiating between the effects of business and project planning; second, by integrating intra?team co?ordination as a

Carsten Schultz

2011-01-01

323

Family Planning for Inner-City Adolescent Males: Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a pilot family planning program in an inner-city pediatric practice. Male adolescents were more likely to accept contraceptives if the provider first raised the topic of birth control to them. Identified a desire for anonymity/confidentiality and embarrassment or discomfort as the key reasons for not seeking contraceptives. Emphasizes…

Reis, Janet; And Others

1987-01-01

324

A Holistic Approach to Family Planning Counseling and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family planning clinic which was part of a large public maternity hospital in Salvador Bahia, Brazil received a grant to expand its services and to evaluate a service model focusing on client counseling and education. The counseling, education, and service provision process included individual pre-consultation with a nurse, group education and…

Chaves, Lushanhya Coutinho; And Others

325

Visits to Family Planning Service Sites: United States 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Of the family planning visits made by females, an estimated 77.6 percent resulted in the adoption or continuation of an oral contraceptive pill, an intrauterine device (IUD), or sterilization, each of which is a highly effective contraceptive method requi...

B. L. Hudson

1983-01-01

326

Filling the Family Planning Gap. Worldwatch Paper 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author provides a global review of family planning techniques and their impact on national birth rates. Sterilization, the pill, and intrauterine devices are the most popular methods of contraception worldwide. Abortion, where it is legal, is also extremely popular. In countries such as the United States where population control is not an…

Stokes, Bruce

327

Puerto Rico Fertility and Family Planning Assessment, 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Puerto Rico Fertility and Family Planning Assessment (PRFFPA) was a multi-purpose island-wide social, demographic, and maternal/child health study of women 15-49 years of age living in Puerto Rico in 1982. The PRFFPA is a data set designed for both so...

V. S. Cain

1982-01-01

328

Attitude of Religious Leaders (Imam Masjid) Towards Family Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family planning is an important health and development issue as well as a human rights issue. Muslim countries and societies are not distinguished from the rest of the world; they aspire to reach their development goals by improving the health of their women and children. Islam should not be considered a barrier in this endeavor. Governments and non-governmental organizations in

FAROOQ AHMAD; MUHAMMAD HANIF; M. IQBAL ZAFAR

329

Family Planning as a Priority for Maternal and Child Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maternal, perinatal, Infant and child mortality rates in the developing world are significantly higher than in Industrialized countries. Much of this mortality is attributable to pregnancies “too young, too old, too many and too close.” It Is therefore obvious that the potential impact of family planning on maternal and child health can be immense. Such measures successfully implemented will improve

OAC Viegas; K Singh; SS Ratnam

1988-01-01

330

Achieving success with family planning in rural Afghanistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem Afghan women have one of the world's highest lifetime risks of maternal death. Years of conflict have devastated the country's health infrastructure. Total fertility was one of the world's highest, contraceptive use was low and there were no Afghan models of success for family planning. Approach We worked closely with communities, providing information about the safety and non-harmful side-effects

Douglas Huber; Nika Saeedi; Abdul Khalil Samadi

331

Evaluation of the Impact of Family Planning Programs on  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article evaluates the fertility impact of family planning program by using prevalence model in Iran. Prevalence model, which introduced by John Bongaarts, estimates potential fertility and the number of births averted by program and non-program sources by using population and acceptor based data. The difference between potential fertility and observed fertility is related to contraception. The greater the differences

Hassan Eini-Zinab

2005-01-01

332

Family Planning Attitudes of Traditional and Acculturated Navajo Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To determine whether various indices of "acculturation" would predict attitudes towards family planning was the major purpose of a survey conducted among a highly educated group of Navajo people at Navajo Community College (NCC). Owned and operated by the Navajo Tribe, NCC served as a target survey model due to its 90% population of Navajo…

Ackerman, Alan; And Others

333

Factors influencing the choice to use modern natural family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A discrepancy exists between the interest in modern methods of natural family planning (NFP) and their actual use in developed countries. To explore reasons for this discrepancy, we analyzed data from a questionnaire administered to postpartum women in Berlin (n = 223) and Cracow (n = 233). Knowledge of NFP, past use of NFP and expected effects of abstinence on

Rafael T Mikolajczyk; Joseph B Stanford; Martina Rauchfuss

2003-01-01

334

Slowing the stork : better health for women through family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year 500,000 women die from causes related to pregnancy - 99 percent of them in developing countries. While many of those pregnancies are unwanted and could have been prevented by family planning, only a minority of developing country couples use effective contraceptive methods. For some women, pregnancy represents a major health risk. Others, of lower risk, do not want

Anthony R. Measham; Roger W. Rochat

1988-01-01

335

Differences in counseling men and women: family planning in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of family planning sessions with male and female clients in Kenya found distinct gender differences. Most men came for information, while women wanted to adopt, continue, or change contraceptive methods. Consultations with men and couples were more than twice as long as consultations with women. Men communicated actively (for example, by volunteering extra information, asking questions, and expressing

Young Mi Kim; Adrienne Kols; Peter Mwarogo; David Awasum

2000-01-01

336

Family Planning and the Burden of Unintended Pregnancies  

PubMed Central

Family planning is hailed as one of the great public health achievements of the last century, and worldwide acceptance has risen to three-fifths of exposed couples. In many countries, however, uptake of modern contraception is constrained by limited access and weak service delivery, and the burden of unintended pregnancy is still large. This review focuses on family planning's efficacy in preventing unintended pregnancies and their health burden. The authors first describe an epidemiologic framework for reproductive behavior and pregnancy intendedness and use it to guide the review of 21 recent, individual-level studies of pregnancy intentions, health outcomes, and contraception. They then review population-level studies of family planning's relation to reproductive, maternal, and newborn health benefits. Family planning is documented to prevent mother-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, contribute to birth spacing, lower infant mortality risk, and reduce the number of abortions, especially unsafe ones. It is also shown to significantly lower maternal mortality and maternal morbidity associated with unintended pregnancy. Still, a new generation of research is needed to investigate the modest correlation between unintended pregnancy and contraceptive use rates to derive the full health benefits of a proven and cost-effective reproductive technology.

Tsui, Amy O.; McDonald-Mosley, Raegan; Burke, Anne E.

2010-01-01

337

Family Planning in a Chinese-American Population.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Little is known about the practice of family planning in a Chinese-American population. This retrospective study compared the usage and pattern of contraceptive use among the three following groups of new Chinese-American mothers in San Francisco, Califor...

C. Chang

1975-01-01

338

Sexuality, Reproduction, and Family Planning in Women With Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews data about how schizophrenia affects sexuality, pregnancy, the puerperium, parenting, and family planning. Women with schizophrenia have high rates of coerced sex, sexual risk behavior, and unwanted pregnancies. High rates of obstetric complications and custody loss increase morbidity for women and their offspring. Since untreated psychosis increases these problems, the risks of withholding pharmacotherapy must be weighed

Laura J. Miller

1997-01-01

339

Literacy and Family Planning Behaviour of Rural Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of women in a rural Indian state revealed that literate women (numbering 100) as compared to their illiterate counterparts (numbering 100) had more knowledge of the concepts and methods of family planning and had more favorable attitudes towards and a higher use rate of such methods. (MS)

Mulay, Sumati

1976-01-01

340

Diffusion of Innovations: Family Planning in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the best examples of the validity of the theory of “diffusion of innovations” is the case of family planning in developing countries. The desire of health, development and environment advocates in rich countries to make modern contraceptive use and lower fertility a norm in developing countries was translated into organized efforts to reach top-level leaders in these countries.

ELAINE MURPHY

2004-01-01

341

Personal and Family Financial Planning and the Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which personal and family financial planning (PFFP) is taught and/or included in the teacher education programs of institutions affiliated with the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education. Information was sought on the reasons for offering PFFP, where it was located in the…

Murphy, Patricia D.

342

The Use of Timelines in Illustrating the Permanency Planning Process for Families Infected\\/Affected by HIV\\/AIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Family Ties Project (FTP) is a multi-agency, collaborative, federally funded demonstration project whose mission is to promote and preserve the well-being of District of Columbia (DC) children, youth, and families affected by HIV\\/AIDS by working with parents and caregivers to plan for the future care of their children. FTP was first funded in 1996 through the federal Administration for

Michelle Palmer; Melissa Zobel

2005-01-01

343

Fertility and family planning behavior linked to residence in Egypt.  

PubMed

The 1992 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), implemented by the National Population Council and including a national sample of 9864 ever-married women aged 15-49 and 2466 husbands, yields data indicative of major changes in fertility and family planning behavior in the country, albeit with marked differentials by place of residence. The rate of total fertility has declined to 3.9 births per woman from more than 5 births in 1980, corresponding with an increase in the proportion of couples currently using family planning over the period from 24% in 1980 to 47% in 1992. Almost all couples know about family planning, about 66% have used a method of contraception at some time, and almost all users of family planning employ modern methods, mainly the IUD at 28% and the pill at 13%. There is, however, large variation in levels of fertility and family planning use by residence. A rural woman currently will have an average of 4.9 children, two more than the typical urban woman, while almost 60% of urban women use contraception compared to less than 40% of rural women. Regional differences are also great, with total fertility at 6 births per woman in Upper Egypt and only 2.7 in the Urban Governorates. The use of family planning varies from only 31% in Upper Egypt to 59% in the Urban Governorates. At current levels, despite declines in fertility, the average Egyptian woman has 1.2 births more than she wants; overall, 20% of married women are thought to be in need of family planning. With regard to maternal and child health, estimates suggest that infant mortality was cut in half over the period 1972-92 and tetanus toxoid coverage among mothers increased from 11% in 1988 to 57% in 1992. Many Egyptian women are not, however, receiving adequate maternity care, with approximately 50% of mothers not receiving any antenatal care during pregnancy and only 40% of births assisted by a doctor or nurse. Only two-thirds of children aged 12-23 months are fully immunized. Finally, 24% of children under age five are stunted, indicating the existence of chronic undernutrition. PMID:12319375

1995-01-01

344

A Proposed Method to Project Planning from UML Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a method that integrates UML- based modeling techniques into system project planning and scheduling. The power of the model-driven engineering (MDE) is not limited to automate the development of object oriented systems. Its characteristics can also be exploited in managerial activities, since application of domain-specific extensions can support complementing UML models with project planning features. A case

Akos Sz

345

Automated transportation management system (ATMS) software project management plan (SPMP)  

SciTech Connect

The Automated Transportation Management System (ATMS) Software Project Management plan (SPMP) is the lead planning document governing the life cycle of the ATMS and its integration into the Transportation Information Network (TIN). This SPMP defines the project tasks, deliverables, and high level schedules involved in developing the client/server ATMS software.

Weidert, R.S., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-05-20

346

Investigating the relationship between planning reliability and project performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variability is a well-known problem in construction projects, which leads to the general deterioration of project performance. During the last decade, the Last Planner System (LPS™), a production planning and control system based on lean production principles, has been increasingly applied in the construction industry to improve planning reliability reducing the negative impacts of variability. LPS™ promotes actions to increase

V. Gonzalez; L. F. Alarcon; F. Mundaca

2008-01-01

347

[Health education in sexuality and family planning. A experience].  

PubMed

We present an educational health experience in Sexuality and Family Planning, carried out jointly by health care professionals in a Health Care Center and by teachers at a Job Training School within its area, with three groups of students, mostly adolescents. Four sessions were conducted: Sexual education: sexuality and health. Sexual relations. Family relations. Family planning. Evaluation of the previous sessions. In each session, there was a presentation made by the teacher/expert, after which working groups of 4-5 students were formed. Finally, everyone came together again to discuss their work. In each session, several group techniques were used to motivate a higher degree participation, lower inhibition, and deepen mutual contacts. Results have been positive, both for students and teachers, with an increase in knowledge, a variation in attitudes towards the subject, and because it was something different from everyday studies. PMID:2131622

Chamizo Vega, C; Lara Calles, C; Arias Lada, C; Lanza Lastra, D; Martínez de Albeniz, C; Muñiz Montes, J R

348

Final Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Characterization QA Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan required each U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) site that characterizes transuranic waste to be sent the Waste Isolation Pilot Plan that addresses applicable requirements specified in the quality assurance project plan (QAPP).

GREAGER, T.M.

1999-12-14

349

Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Married Couples in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Understanding why people do not use family planning is critical to address unmet needs and to increase contraceptive use. According to the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2011, most women and men had knowledge on some family planning methods but only about 29% of married women were using contraceptives. 20% women had an unmet need for family planning. We examined knowledge, attitudes and contraceptive practice as well as factors related to contraceptive use in Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Methods Data were collected from March to May 2010 among 854 married couples using a multi-stage sampling design. Quantitative data based on semi-structured questionnaires was triangulated with qualitative data collected during focus group discussions. We compared proportions and performed logistic regression analysis. Result The concept of family planning was well known in the studied population. Sex-stratified analysis showed pills and injectables were commonly known by both sexes, while long-term contraceptive methods were better known by women, and traditional methods as well as emergency contraception by men. Formal education was the most important factor associated with better knowledge about contraceptive methods (aOR?=?2.07, p<0.001), in particular among women (aORwomen?=?2.77 vs. aORmen?=?1.49; p<0.001). In general only 4 out of 811 men ever used contraception, while 64% and 43% females ever used and were currently using contraception respectively. Conclusion The high knowledge on contraceptives did not match with the high contraceptive practice in the study area. The study demonstrates that mere physical access (proximity to clinics for family planning) and awareness of contraceptives are not sufficient to ensure that contraceptive needs are met. Thus, projects aiming at increasing contraceptive use should contemplate and establish better counseling about contraceptive side effects and method switch. Furthermore in all family planning activities both wives' and husbands' participation should be considered.

2013-01-01

350

Ideally suited. Looking at the prospects of natural family planning in the Philippines today.  

PubMed

The Government of the Philippines and the Catholic Church have debated for years about family planning, specifically, artificial contraception. The Catholic Church considers natural family planning (NFP) to be the only moral way to plan families. This debate should end, now that the new government under President Ramos has included NFP in its official policy. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) promoting NFP praise this move, especially since it is the best way to reach the majority of the population which is catholic. Nevertheless, most NFP acceptors do not report the Church being their reason for choosing NFP. Medical, cultural, and intellectual reasons predominate. The Secretary of Health has hosted a conference on NFP addressing advocacy, training, service delivery, research, program coordination/management, and funding to show these NGOs that the government does indeed intend to support NGO involvement in the national family planning program. He dismisses criticism of including NFP in the program, because population growth is considerable and exclusion of any scientifically approved method is unwise. He intends for the government not to be a regulator but a facilitator of family planning programs. The government is going to accord equal weight to artificial and natural family planning methods and to provide a menu of options. Acceptors, not government, will determine the most used methods. Case studies show that well trained, qualified teachers who follow acceptors for the first few months are key to NFP effectiveness and acceptance. Projections indicate that acceptance of NFP will grow more than common artificial methods between 1992 and 1994 (increase of 1% vs. .1% for condoms and .4% for pills). NFP methods include the cervical mucus method, basal body temperature method, sympto-thermal method, and the lactational amenorrhea method. PMID:12286381

Sheniak, D; Feleo, A

1993-03-01

351

The Families and Democracy and Citizen Health Care Project.  

PubMed

This article describes and updates the work of the Families and Democracy and Citizen Health Care Project, which engages with community concerns in order to effect change on many system levels. The project draws on family therapy's tradition of interest in larger social issues and adds democratic public theory and community organizing strategies. Since 1999 we have developed 14 citizen initiatives with a wide range of groups on a diverse set of problem areas. We describe the overall project and several of its initiatives, we address research and evaluation issues, and we outline opportunities for marriage and family therapists to learn how to do this work in their own communities. PMID:21039654

Doherty, William J; Mendenhall, Tai J; Berge, Jerica M

2010-10-01

352

To integrate family planning into the building up of mental civilization by offering comprehensive services.  

PubMed

The government of Nangong City, a newly instituted city with a relatively large proportion of agricultural workers has integrated family planning into the building up of mental civilization. As a result, in 1986, the family planning practice rate was 98.4%. One way the government accomplished this was by developing production to eliminate poverty, to show that population development has a significant impact on socioeconomic development. To help change people's attitudes about family planning, the government 1) used publicity, such as speechmaking, mass media, and courses in population theory; 2) awarded those who made contributions; 3) carried out publicity and education in accordance with characteristics of different groups of people; and 4) encouraged bridegrooms to live with their wives' families if the wives' parents had had no son. Another technique the government used as the popularization of scientific knowledge about population theory, physiology and hygiene, birth control, and eugenics and health in births. A 4th method was to popularize knowledge of laws and regulations, such as of early marriage and consanguineous marriage. 5th, the government developed social security undertakings: 1) giving priority to single-child families and 2) taking care of the elderly. Finally, the government improved maternal and child care by 1) providing premarital health care; 2) creating a project for healthier births and better upbringing; 3) family planning workers showing warm concern for reproductive women; and 4) controlling women's diseases and providing health care knowledge, as well as family planning services. These 6 activities have resulted in 1) the decreasing momentum of per capita arable land being controlled, 2) 1-child couples having more time to learn, 3) the development of educational undertakings, 4) a change in people's traditional practices, and 5) improvement in the understanding of patriotism. PMID:12281754

1988-03-01

353

Career\\/family conflict in adolescent girls' future plans—An interactive simulation approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key role of family plans has always been an undisputed assumption underlying research in the area of adolescent girls' career development. However, the exact manner in which family plans affect girls and the specific theoretical implications of this effect have been understood differently during the last 30 years. The depressing effect of family plans on adolescent girls' career plans

Tsilia Romm

1987-01-01

354

The Impact of the National Family Planning Programme on the Quality of Care in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past 10 years studies conducted on the quality of family planning services have examined the strengths and weaknesses of family planning in many developing countries. China's national family planning programme in the past two decades has achieved extremely successful benchmarks, and accelerated the pace of fertility transi tion. It is one of the world's most closely watched family

Xiaoming Sun

2000-01-01

355

Project Link: Linking Families to Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objectives have been the development of an intergenerational program to benefit three specific groups: (1) senior adults volunteers; (2) the families of children with disabilities and chronic illnesses; (3) and the community. Collaboration and...

A. B. King

1995-01-01

356

Military Family Projects at Zero to Three  

MedlinePLUS

... that military families may be experiencing. Honoring our Babies and Toddlers - This 3-piece set, designed for professionals and military parents, provides methods to support young children affected by ...

357

Near Facility Environmental Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near-facility environmental monitoring directed by Waste Management Technical Services and supersedes HNF-EP-0538-4. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Waste Management Technical Services in implementing near-facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is

2000-01-01

358

Project planning and control in practice, firm or fiction? The treatment of uncertainty in project planning and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigate uncertainties in the world of projects, how they are usually dealt with, and how they could be dealt with. They first review deterministic planning, conclude that the future is by definition uncertain, and discuss methods to evaluate and reduce uncertainty, as well as the method of segmented planning in a phased project. They then consider the use

K. Sietsma; M. B. Sietsma

1991-01-01

359

Project management plan for project W-320, tank 241-C-106 sluicing  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan establishes the organization, plans, and systems for management of Project W-320 as defined in DOE Order 4700.1, Project Management System (DOE 1987). The sluicing is for retrieving high-heat waste from single shell tank 241-C-106.

Leliefeld, K.W.

1996-02-02

360

Measurement-based guidance of software projects using explicit project plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

As first steps towards establishing software engineer- ing as an engineering discipline, we need to create explicit models of its building blocks, i.e., projects, processes, products, and various quality perspectives; organize these models for effective reuse across project boundaries; and establish measurable criteria for project guidance. This paper investigates the possibilities of providing measurement-based project guidance using explicit project plans.

Christopher M. Lott; H. Dieter Rombach

1993-01-01

361

Family planning associations vital to supervision of programme implementation.  

PubMed

The Family Planning Association (FPA) of China's Shuilianyu Township (Feixian County, Shadong Province) has made a major contribution to both contraceptive acceptance and poverty alleviation. Before the FPA was established in 1988, interviews were conducted in over 700 households in 18 villages in the township. The interviews suggested that adoption of China's one-child policy was being jeopardized by the failure of Communist Party and township officials to themselves adhere to this standard. As a result of this survey, disciplinary actions were taken against 18 officials who had violated the policy or shown bias in granting others permission to have extra children. The township government expressed willingness to have the Family Planning Association assume supervision over family planning implementation and developed "Regulations Governing Democratic Participation and Democratic Supervision by the FPA." Complaint desks and special boxes were established to collect information from the public about corrupt officials. In one case, the FPA was able to advocate on behalf of a man who had two daughters but no sons and was concerned about old age support. The village association was persuaded to give the man a piece of land on which to build a three-room dwelling so his future son-in-law could live with the family. According to custom, only sons have the right to access to land for housing. PMID:12291694

Zhu, H

1996-06-01

362

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities. Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site environmental monitoring plan [(DOE\\/RL 91-49) (DOE-RL 1991)]. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford

Nickels

1992-01-01

363

Preliminary Project Execution Plan for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project  

SciTech Connect

This preliminary project execution plan (PEP) defines U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) project objectives, roles and responsibilities of project participants, project organization, and controls to effectively manage acquisition of capital funds for construction of a proposed remote-handled low-level waste (LLW) disposal facility at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The plan addresses the policies, requirements, and critical decision (CD) responsibilities identified in DOE Order 413.3B, 'Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets.' This plan is intended to be a 'living document' that will be periodically updated as the project progresses through the CD process to construction and turnover for operation.

David Duncan

2011-05-01

364

The Evolution of Family Medicine Resident Projects at Dalhousie University  

PubMed Central

The Dalhousie Family Medicine Residency Program has always attempted to meet the research objectives of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. From a “Monitored Reading and Research” program, where projects were encouraged, the department developed a program which involved a mandatory project, preferably involving research, that is formally and objectively evaluated and supervised by faculty. The background, rationale, and problems encountered, as well as attempted solutions, are outlined.

O'Connor, John F.

1989-01-01

365

The development of national economy and family planning in China.  

PubMed

China has made great strides in family planning and in developing her national economy during the period of the 6th 5-year plan. In 1980, China's tasks were to develop the national economy and to provide her people with enough to eat and wear. By 1986, these needs had been met. The average annual growth rate for the national gross output value of industry and agriculture may reach 10% during the 6th 5-year plan and should be approximately 7% in the 7th 5-year plan. China's future goal is for all her people to be well off at the turn of the century. Controlling population growth is one of the most important steps in reaching this goal China's population growth rates were 23.33 per 1000 in 1971 and dropped to 10.81 per 1000 in 1984. Although China's family planning program advocates one child per couple, 70% of the total married women of childbearing age have 2 or 3 children. Continued publicity and education and improved medical care should gradually decrease the birth rate even more. The author cites Engels in arguing that it is one of the superiorities of the socialist system to make population growth consciously fit for the development of material production. He refutes an American view that China's population would automatically decrease with the development of a free economy and offers the US's 12 million unemployed in 1982 and 2 million homeless in 1985 as evidence that a free economy also results in overpopulation. He concludes that further demographic research should be conducted and should implement China's family planning program with different measures suited to local conditions at different stages. PMID:12268821

Xu, D

1986-07-01

366

Modelling complex systems for project planning: a semiotics motivated method  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large and complex IT project may involve multiple organizations and be constrained within a temporal period. An organization is a system comprising of people, activities, processes, information, resources and goals. Understanding and modelling such a project and its interrelationship with relevant organizations are essential for organizational project planning. This paper introduces the problem articulation method (PAM) as a semiotic

K. Liu; L. Sun; S. Tan

2006-01-01

367

Nuclear criticality project plan for the Hanford Site tank farms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mission of this project is to provide a defensible technical basis report in support of the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR). This technical basis report will also be used to resolve technical issues associated with the nuclear criticality safety issue. The strategy presented in this project plan includes an integrated programmatic and organizational approach. The scope of this project

Bratzel; Westinghouse Hanford

1996-01-01

368

Ensuring smooth sailing: an overview of project planning and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discipline of project management has evolved slowly over the last century; and it has only recently been discovered and embraced by the business community at large. Project planning and control is one aspect of project management. It is concerned with providing the answers to five basic questions: what am I producing (outputs\\/goals); how do I get the work done

P. R. Seesing

1995-01-01

369

Bridge the Gap: From Spatial Planning to Strategic Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces one of the largest single research projects ever granted in the field of spatial planning. It presents the context the project has to work in and the challenges it has to face. It further gives a broad outline of the research project, with three horizontal and three vertical tracks and some success indicators.

Louis Albrechts

2006-01-01

370

Systems Engineering Plan and project record Configuration Management Plan for the Mixed Waste Disposal Initiative  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the systems engineering assessment that was performed for the Mixed Waste Disposal Initiative (MWDI) Project to determine what types of documentation are required for the success of the project. The report also identifies the documents that will make up the MWDI Project Record and describes the Configuration Management Plan describes the responsibilities and process for making changes to project documentation.

Bryan, W.E.; Oakley, L.B.

1993-04-01

371

UMTRA Project Office Records Management Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office maintains two distinct records handling areas. One of the areas is maintained by a Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC), and is referred to as the UMTRA Project Document Control Center (UPD...

1993-01-01

372

Family Planning in the 1980's: Challenges and Opportunities. Report of the International Conference on Family Planning in the 1980's (Jakarta, Indonesia, April 26-30, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategic and operational issues throughout the world formed the focus of the International Conference on Family Planning. The objectives of the conference were to review the accomplishments of family planning over the past decade, assess the challenges and opportunities for the 1980's, and identify means to strengthen commitment to family

Population Council, New York, NY.

373

West Michigan Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Project - Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The West Michigan Health Systems Agency has developed a plan for a community wide approach to cardiovascular disease prevention. The goal of this plan is to reduce cardiovascular disease in the West Michigan area by one-third by the year 2000. Through coo...

1980-01-01

374

Sexuality, reproduction, and family planning in women with schizophrenia.  

PubMed

This article reviews data about how schizophrenia affects sexuality, pregnancy, the puerperium, parenting, and family planning. Women with schizophrenia have high rates of coerced sex, sexual risk behavior, and unwanted pregnancies. High rates of obstetric complications and custody loss increase morbidity for women and their offspring. Since untreated psychosis increases these problems, the risks of withholding pharmacotherapy must be weighed against the risks of prescribing medications during pregnancy. The puerperium is a time when women are especially vulnerable to exacerbations of schizophrenia. Mothers with schizophrenia may have a reduced ability to read children's cues, and they often have weak social support networks. Their children may be more difficult to raise than other children. Parenting rehabilitation can address some of these problems. Often, women with schizophrenia who are sexually active and do not wish to become pregnant do not use contraception. Incorporating family planning measures into mental health care delivery systems may reduce unwanted pregnancies. PMID:9365999

Miller, L J

1997-01-01

375

The economic consequences of reproductive health and family planning.  

PubMed

We consider the evidence for the effect of access to reproductive health services on the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, and 3, which aim to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, and promote gender equality and empower women. At the household level, controlled trials in Matlab, Bangladesh, and Navrongo, Ghana, have shown that increasing access to family planning services reduces fertility and improves birth spacing. In the Matlab study, findings from long-term follow-up showed that women's earnings, assets, and body-mass indexes, and children's schooling and body-mass indexes, substantially improved in areas with improved access to family planning services compared with outcomes in control areas. At the macroeconomic level, reductions in fertility enhance economic growth as a result of reduced youth dependency and an increased number of women participating in paid labour. PMID:22784535

Canning, David; Schultz, T Paul

2012-07-10

376

Energy Education for Limited Income Families: The Choctaw Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension and the Oklahoma Department of Energy conducted a special project to deliver energy education to limited income families in rural Choctaw County. The project, conducted between September 1 and November 30, 1980, was designed to deliver energy conservation practices, increase comfort, decrease…

Williams, Sue; And Others

377

Energy Education for Limited Income Families: The Choctaw Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension and the Oklahoma Department of Energy conducted a special project to deliver energy education to limited income families in rural Choctaw County. The project, conducted between September 1 and November 30, 1980, was designed to deliver energy conservation practices, increase comfort, decrease…

Williams, Sue; And Others

378

Ethnic Heritage Studies: Family History Project. Experimental Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide presents a personal approach to America's past by having students prepare their own family's social geneological history. It is part of the Louisville Area Ethnic Heritage Studies Project described in ED 150 043. The project materials are designed to foster communication across intercultural/ethnic lines. The objective for this…

Brothers, Lynn

379

Adverse outcomes of planned and unplanned pregnancies among users of natural family planning: a prospective study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine prospectively whether unplanned pregnancies are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes among users of natural family planning. METHODS: Women who became pregnant while using natural family planning were identified in five centers worldwide: there were 373 unplanned and 367 planned pregnancies in this cohort. The subjects were followed up at 16 and 32 weeks' gestation and after delivery. The risks of spontaneous abortion, low birth-weight, and preterm birth were estimated after adjustment by logistic regression. RESULTS: The women with unplanned pregnancies were more likely to be at the extremes of age, to report more medical problems before and during the index pregnancy, and to seek antenatal care later in gestation than the women with planned pregnancies. However, women with planned pregnancies reported a higher rate of spontaneous abortion in previous pregnancies (28.8%) than did women with unplanned pregnancies (12.9%). There were no significant differences in the rates of spontaneous abortion, low birthweight, or preterm birth between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: No increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes was observed among women who experienced an unplanned pregnancy while using natural family planning.

Bitto, A; Gray, R H; Simpson, J L; Queenan, J T; Kambic, R T; Perez, A; Mena, P; Barbato, M; Li, C; Jennings, V

1997-01-01

380

[Family planning: what role for African female communicators?].  

PubMed

In April 1990, 60 members of the Association of African Communication Professionals (APAC) from 17 African countries attended a seminar-workshop in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, entitled "Family Planning: What Role for African Female Communicators?" The countries included Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Tunisia, Togo, and Zaire. The participants considered population growth to be the major challenge that Africa faces today. Population growth brings problems of urbanization, housing, health, education, and food security. Family planning appears to be a remedy for these ills. Family planning oriented-IEC (information, education, and communication) can help overcome the resistance of the cultural, social, and religious order and foster new behavior. The goal of the seminar-workshop was precisely to give participants conceptual and methodological tools that will allow them to effectively use IEC in the area of family planning. The Minister of Information and Culture for Burkina Faso, who is also APAC's president, emphasized the APAC seminar-workshop goal during the opening ceremonies. Other notables at the opening ceremonies were the Minister of Health and Social Work, APAC's Executive Secretary, the wife of the Chief of State, and various government officials. The participants' recommendations cross-supported APAC's concern and turned toward the need for the training of professional female communicators, for international organizations to put at their disposal relevant documents, and for re-expansion of APAC branches. This requires governments to make flexible judicial and administrative resolutions in order to favor the creation of new APAC branches. The Center of Population for Development Studies and Research addressed the seminar-workshop. In 1988, it created a network of journalists to assure extensive information for decision-makers, researchers, and the general public on population and development questions. PMID:12346460

Sow, E B

1990-08-01

381

Misinformation and fear of side-effects of family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fears about the side-effects from family planning are well-documented barriers to use. Many fears are misinformation, while others reflect real experience, and understanding of these is not complete. Using qualitative interviews with women in three countries, this study examines what women feared, how they acquired this knowledge, and how it impacted on decision-making. We aimed to understand whether women would

Nadia Diamond-Smith; Martha Campbell; Seema Madan

2012-01-01

382

The impact of family planning clinic programs on adolescent pregnancy.  

PubMed

During the 1970s, there was a decline in adolescent childbearing in the United States and, among teenagers who were sexually active, there was a decline in pregnancy rates as well. To what extent was increased enrollment by teenagers in federally funded family planning clinics responsible for these declines? Areal multivariate analysis reveals that adolescent birthrates were reduced between 1970 and 1975 as the result of enrollment by teenagers in family planning clinics, independent of the effects of other factors also affecting fertility, such as poverty status, education and urbanization. Using a model which controls for differences in adolescent sexual activity in different areas in 1970 and 1975, the analysis found that for every 10 teenage patients enrolled in family planning clinics in 1975, about one birth was averted in 1976. Other multivariate models, which did not control for differences in sexual activity, showed changes in the same direction, though of smaller dimension. Since the family planning program averts not only births but also pregnancies that result in abortions and miscarriages, an estimate was made of the total number of pregnancies averted by the program. Based on the proportion of unintended pregnancies among adolescents that resulted in live births in 1976 (36 percent), it was estimated that for every 10 teen patients enrolled in 1975, almost three pregnancies were averted in the following year. Over the 1970s, an estimated 2.6 million unintended adolescent pregnancies were averted by the program--944,000 births, 1,376,000 abortions and 326,000 miscarriages. In 1979 alone, an estimated 417,000 unintended pregnancies were prevented by the program. PMID:7250347

Forrest, J D; Hermalin, A I; Henshaw, S K

383

Family Planning Programs, Socioeconomic Characteristics, and Contraceptive Use in Malawi  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, micro-level data from a survey of 4,849 women in Malawi are linked to information from a service availability questionnaire to assess the relative importance of socioeconomic background and various aspects of family planning provision on contraceptive use in one country in sub-Saharan Africa. Maximum-likelihood probit is used to assess the independent influence of four distinct dimensions of

Barney Cohen

2000-01-01

384

Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis in Women Attending Family Planning Clinics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in 242 women attending family planning clinics in Concepción, Chile was studied using the Nugent criteria. The syndrome was present in 33.1% of women. No statistical difference was found between the occurrence of bacterial vaginosis and the of oral contraceptives (31.9%) or intrauterine devices (33.1%). The sensitivity and specificity of the Nugent criteria compared with the

Erica Castro; Mariana Dominguez; Paola Navarrete; Gioconda Boggiano; Raúl Zemelman

1999-01-01

385

Nutrition and Family Planning: Concepts and Approaches for Home Economics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article's three focal points are: the role nutrition can play in enhancing family planning goals; nutrition, family planning, and the adolescent; and potential approaches for home economics educators. (Author)

Rand, Catherine

1976-01-01

386

Career Planning in Harmony with Family Values and Needs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Balancing career and family! Balancing what you love and who you love!! It is such an attention getting topic. And yet, if you really think about it, people have been doing it for ages. What makes it challenging in today's world is the dual income families that throw off-balance of traditional style of balancing family and profession. Balancing family and career is not as difficult. The question is more meaningful when you ask how do you find the right balance, and in fact, what is the right balance? How do you know you are there? Happiness at home and self esteem due to work is genderless issue however, it is essentially talked more in the context of women. Some of the things that could be helpful in achieving the right balance, are time management, proper prioritization, asking for help, a caring family, friends, and most importantly colleagues. In the portfolio of professional passions, it is important to identify the areas that are conducive to possibilities of changing family needs, international families, spouse's career and job relocation, etc. So, the bottom line question is whether it is possible to find a right balance between family and career? I would submit to you that with passion, courage, open- mindedness, and proper career planning, it is definitely possible. We just need to utilize the same techniques in choosing and sustaining the right balance that we use in identifying research topics and executing it. This discussion will look into further details of the challenges of balancing family and career from the perspective of also an immigrant, and possible ways of overcoming them.

Dubey, Archana

2008-03-01

387

On the Computational Complexity of Temporal Projection, Planning, and Plan Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

One kind of temporal reasoning is temporal projection---the computationof the consequences of a set of events. This problem is relatedto a number of other temporal reasoning tasks such as plan validationand planning. We show that one particular, simple case of temporalprojection on partially ordered events turns out to be harder thanpreviously conjectured, while planning is easy under the same restrictions.Additionally,

Bernhard Nebel; Christer Bäckström

1994-01-01

388

Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Surface Project: Project plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA) [Public Law (PL) 95-604, 42 United States Code (USC) 7901], hereinafter referred to as the ``Act,`` authorizes the US Department of Energy (DOE) to stabilize and control surface tailings and ground water contamination. To fulfill this mission, the DOE has established two projects under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Office. The Ground Water Project was established in April 1991 as a major project and a separate project plan will be prepared for that portion of the mission. This project plan covers the UMTRA Surface Project, a major system acquisition (MSA).

Not Available

1993-08-11

389

Family Aide Demonstration Project: Duval County, Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A project begun in 1968 in Jacksonville, Florida, showed that sub-professionals could carry a wide variety of tasks formerly assigned to social workers. Early resistance on the part of social workers soon disappeared and the sub-professionals became indis...

1972-01-01

390

Project specific quality assurance plan project W-058 replacement cross-site transfer system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is part of the Tank Waste Projects (TWP) Quality Assurance Program Plan. This document and the Tank Waste Projects QAPP describe the program and the planned actions which WHC will implement, demonstrate and ensure that the project meets the requirements of 10 CFR 830.120. Purpose of Project W058, Replacement Cross-Site Transfer System, is to replace the existing cross-site transfer

Hall

1996-01-01

391

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-03-12

392

Post abortion family planning counseling as a tool to increase contraception use  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To describe the impact of the post-abortion family planning counseling in bringing about the contraceptive usage in women who had induced abortion in a family planning clinic. METHOD: The Diyarbakir Office of Turkish Family Planning Association (DTFPA) is a nonprofit and nongovernmental organization which runs a family planning clinic to serve the lower socio-economic populations, in Diyarbakir-Turkey. Post abortion

Ali Ceylan; Meliksah Ertem; Gunay Saka; Nurten Akdeniz

2009-01-01

393

HTI retrieval demonstration project execution plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the process for demonstrating the retrieval of difficult Hanford tank waste forms utilizing commercial technologies and the private sector to conduct the operations. The demonstration is to be conducted in Tank 241-C-106.

Ellingson, D.R.

1997-09-04

394

Port Systems Project (PSP) Program Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the development activities planned by the Naval Facilities Engineering Command to enhance the operational efficiency of U.S. Navy Ports. Three areas of effort are described. These are the determination of waterfront facility requir...

1980-01-01

395

A brief introduction to China's family planning programme.  

PubMed

China's family planning program is described in reference to its goals, approaches, and achievements. Between 1949-83, China's population increased from 541 million to 1,024,950,000. The population has a young age structure, and the median age is 22.9 years. 80% of the population is rural, and 90% of the population lives in the southeastern region of the country. In view of this demographic situation, the government recognizes the need to control population growth. China's goals for the year 2000 are to increase industrial and agricultural input by 400% and to keep population size below 1.2 billion in order to ensure that per capita income increases. In accordance with these goals, the government, in 1979, began advocating a 1-child policy. To ensure the survival of single children, the government also launched a program to upgrade maternal and child health (MCH). In some rural areas and among certain minority groups, the 1-child restriction is not applied. Family size goals will vary with time. These variations will reflect the need to maintain a balance between economic growth and population growth. A variety of incentives are used to promote the 1-child family. For example, single children receive medical and educational benefits, and in some rural areas, the parents of single children can obtain additional land contracts. Economic disincentives are also used. The government seeks to obtain compliance with the policy primarily through educating the public about the consequences of uncontrolled population growth. All channels of the mass media are used to deliver the messages, and the publicity campaign is especially intensive in rural areas. A comprehensive plan to provided family planning and population education for middle school students is currently being implemented. Each local area develops its own fertility control plan. This plan is then incorporated into the nation's overall plan and the overall plan is implemented from above. Family planning workers bring free contraceptives directly to the people, and family planning motivators are found in almost all villages, neighborhood committees, factories, and military units. As a result of these efforts, China made great strides in controlling population growth and improving MCH during the last decade. The birth rate declined from 27.93 to 18.62, and the total fertility rate declined from 4.01 to 2.48. 124 million couples were practicing contraception by the end of 1983. 41% used IUDs, 37.4% relied on tubal ligation, 12.9% relied on vasectomy, 5.1% on oral contraceptives, and 1% on other methods. The quality of maternal and child care also improved. 92.7% of all deliveries are now performed by trained midwifes. Infant and maternal mortality rates declined considerablely in recent years. Currently the respective rates are 35.68/1000 live births and 0.5/1000 live births. In 1983 alone, the gross national agricultural and industrial output increased by 46.1%. Since 1979 per capita income increased annually by 18.3% among rural residents and by 10.7% among urban workers. China controls and operates its own population program, but in recent years, it increased its cooperation with UN Fund for Population Activities, other UN agencies, and nongovernment agencies. China recently completed its 3rd national census, and demographic research institutes have been established in 10 universities. PMID:12266994

Shen, G

1984-08-01

396

The impact on project success of using technology in modern project planning and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact the use of technological tools for project planning and control have on project success. The paper is based on data and conclusions from two earlier international studies involving a wide range of project types and respondents with different stakeholder perspectives. The first study concluded that evaluating project success tended to use rather narrowly focused measures

Svein-Arne Jessen

2011-01-01

397

Health Planning Council of the Midlands Project Review Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Guidelines are presented to assist individuals who are developing and submitting applications to the Health Planning Council of the Midlands (HPCM) in Omaha, Nebraska for review, as well as persons who participate in the project review process in the area...

1975-01-01

398

54. PLAN OF POWERHOUSE, PROJECT 1933, EXHIBIT F, SANTA ANA ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

54. PLAN OF POWERHOUSE, PROJECT 1933, EXHIBIT F, SANTA ANA POWERHOUSE NO. 1. SCE drawing no. 5206855 (no date; FERC no. 1933-45). - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, SAR-1 Powerhouse, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

399

National Security Technology Incubator Action Plan. National Security Preparedness Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the action plan for developing the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI) program for southern New Mexico. The NSTI program is being developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by Department ...

2008-01-01

400

Integrated Development and Testing Plan for the Plutonium Immobilization Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This integrated plan for the DOE Office of Fissile Materials Disposition (MD) describes the technology development and major project activities necessary to support the deployment of the immobilization approach for disposition of surplus weapons-usable pl...

1998-01-01

401

Spent Nuclear Fuel project systems engineering management plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the WHC Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to describe the systems engineering approach and methods that will be integrated with established WHC engineering practices to enhance the WHC engineering management of the SNF Project. ...

J. C. Womack

1995-01-01

402

Factors affecting unmet need for family planning in Eastern Sudan  

PubMed Central

Background In the developing countries millions of women in the reproductive age who don’t use contraceptives prefer to postpone or limit their birth. This indicates their failure to take necessary decision to prevent and avoid unwanted pregnancy. Methods A community-based cross sectional household survey was conducted to investigate unmet need for family planning and associated factors and total demand for family planning in Kassala, Eastern Sudan between 1st May and 31st July 2012. Results A total of 812 married women were enrolled in this study. Their mean age and parity was 31.8 (7.3) and 3.4 (1.8) respectively. Ever use of contraception was 25.4% (206/812) and 26.2% (213/812) were currently using contraception. Unmet need for spacing was 15.1% while unmet need for limiting was 0.7%. The pregnant and amenorrheic women whose the pregnancy or birth was unwanted and mistimed were 105 (13%) and 130 (16%) respectively. Using Westoff model the total unmet need was estimated as 44.8%. The total demand for family planning was 71%. In logistic regression model, while age, age at marriage, parity, residence and experience of child death were not associated with total unmet need for family planning, women education < secondary level (OR=7.8; CI=5.6-10.9; P=0.00), husband education < secondary level (OR=1.9; CI=1.3-2.6, P = 0.00) and woman’s occupation; housewife (OR=4.3; CI=2.5-7.2; P=0.00) were associated with the total unmet need. Conclusions Unmet need for family planning in Eastern Sudan was significantly higher among women with less than secondary education. Also; it is influenced by couple’s educational status and woman’s occupation. The results of this study necessitate the need for the programme managers to take into account the concept of reproductive health education.

2013-01-01

403

Men and family planning: toward a policy of male involvement.  

PubMed

The stated aim of this discussion is to examine the extent of male use of family planning and the nature of men's role in family planning in developing countries. Case studies are presented which are successful examples of strategies for involving men in family planning. Policies that aim to increase male involvement must be sensitive to cultural values, apply to a decentralized government approach toward information and supplies, include adequate political will, and consider the costs and benefits of changing values. A male family planning policy would not always be compatible with all fertility values in developing countries or traditional values of the older population. A policy should stress the value of male individuals contributing as much as possible for their own and others' welfare. Community participation is considered important in order to create a feeling of mutual support. A sizeable investment will be required for mass distribution of contraceptive information. Schools are viewed as an ideal place for educating youth about the problems of high fertility and about use of family planning methods, such as the condom. Religious organizations should be used to educate people about responsible parenthood and to minimize barriers to use of modern contraception. Comic books on how to use condoms are suggested as a good source. Local authorities who are trusted are useful in influencing acceptance among local populations. Local personnel may be trained as information disseminators. Adequate contraceptive information needs to be supplied to a wide audience. Lack of supply and inadequate information are given as two key reasons for insufficient use of male contraception. Condoms should be priced to be affordable to the average person and free to those with no income. Program strategies that proved successful are cited for Thailand's Mechai Viravaidya program and Bali's grass-roots program. The vasectomy program in Bangladesh is also noted for its success. Low levels of condom use are attributed to factors such as price, education, availability, accessibility, culture, religion, and economic conditions. Male sterilization levels can be enhanced with wider availability of clinics and provision of correct information for challenging beliefs that vasectomy is a form of castration. PMID:12290097

Pillai, V K; Kelley, A C

1994-01-01

404

AIDS and family planning counseling of psychiatrically ill women in community mental health clinics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-two of 83 mental health professionals, including psychiatrists, were surveyed to determine their attitudes and behaviors toward AIDS prevention and family planning counseling with psychiatrically ill female outpatients. Nearly all reported that information should be provided on AIDS and family planning. However, they reported that they had raised topics of AIDS with only 19% of patients and family planning with

John H. Coverdale; John F. Aruffo

1992-01-01

405

Family planning in the 21st century: perspective of the International Planned Parenthood Federation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many women still die as a result of pregnancy or childbirth and yet there are an increasing number of women who wish to regulate their fertility and space or limit their child-bearing. This paper, outlining some success stories, elucidates the family planning challenges and identifies key messages to indicate the role that IPPF can play in the 21st century. Issues

I. Brueggemann

1997-01-01

406

Workshop Planning Manual for Teacher Inservice Education in Personal and Family Financial Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inservice training of secondary teachers in the consumer economics areas of personal and family financial planning has been identified as a prime need. Responsibility for providing inservice programs in both content and methods of teaching consumer education rests, in part, on colleges of education. This manual was developed to be a guide for…

Lloyd, Janice Holm; Gunther, Marilyn

407

Final Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Characterization QA Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) has been prepared for waste characterization activities to be conducted by the Transuranic (TRU) Project at the Hanford Site to meet requirements set forth in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plan (WIPP) Hazardous Waste Facility Permit, 4890139088-TSDF, Attachment B, including Attachments B1 through B6 (WAP) (DOE, 1999a). The QAPjP describes the waste characterization requirements and

2000-01-01

408

Visual Image Digital Object Network (VIDON) software project management plan  

SciTech Connect

This software project management plan (SPMP) describes the management and implementation strategy for Visual Image Object Network (VIDON) project, an approval designator 3Q system. It is intended to be used as a guideline by the customer, the management, and the VIDON development team to define the VIDON scope of work and to provide a detailed plan on how the work is to be accomplished.

Byron, B.D., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-23

409

Stability and resource allocation in project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of resource-constrained project scheduling efforts assume perfect information about the scheduling problem to be solved and a static deterministic environment within which the precomputed baseline schedule is executed. In reality, project activities are subject to considerable uncertainty, which generally leads to numerous schedule disruptions. In this paper, we present a resource allocation model that protects a given baseline

ROEL LEUS; WILLY HERROELEN

2004-01-01

410

Spent Nuclear Fuel Project Configuration Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document is a rewrite of the draft ``C`` that was agreed to ``in principle`` by SNF Project level 2 managers on EDT 609835, dated March 1995 (not released). The implementation process philosphy was changed in keeping with the ongoing reengineering of the WHC Controlled Manuals to achieve configuration management within the SNF Project.

Reilly, M.A.

1995-06-09

411

Planning and Managing Projects in School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study considered the feasibility of alternative methods for managing various school district projects. Several versions of project management were identified and studied, but only two of the more flexible systems were selected for their potential contribution to educational administration. Ten New Jersey administrators were trained by a…

Thompson, G. Baker

412

Biomass energy projects: planning and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book contains a collection of case histories of biomass projects described within a standardized framework from conception through operation and completion and creates an information base from which policy makers and project managers may draw. Chapter 1 introduces the concept of biomass energy and explores the various processes by which plant and waste materials are produced, collected, and converted

L. J. Goodman; R. N. Love

1981-01-01

413

Heber Geothermal Binary Demonstration Project. Health and Safety Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

Health and safety risk features of the Heber Binary Project (HBP) are identified. Applicable health and safety requirements and standards to ensure their incorporation in the plant design, construction, and operation and maintenance are presented. Monitoring and training programs, special safety plans, and operating and maintenance programs, special safety plans, and operating and maintenance procedures are identified for inclusion in the HBP. (MHR)

Kelly-Cochrane, D.R.; Dietz, J.F.

1981-09-01

414

Systems engineering management plan for the Salt Repository Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document presents the plan for using systems engineering in conducting and managing the technical work of the Salt Repository Project (SRP) of the US Department of Energy's Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program. The need for preparing a Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is traced back to relevant DOE directives. These directives are interpreted as SRP requirements in the context

Neff

1986-01-01

415

Integrated development and testing plan for the plutonium immobilization project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This integrated plan for the DOE Office of Fissile Materials Disposition (MD) describes the technology development and major project activities necessary to support the deployment of the immobilization approach for disposition of surplus weapons-usable plutonium. The plan describes details of the development and testing (D&T) tasks needed to provide technical data for design and operation of a plutonium immobilization plant

Kan

1998-01-01

416

Columbia River Channel Improvement Project Rock Removal Blasting: Monitoring Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a monitoring plan to evaluate take as outlined in the National Marine Fisheries Service 2002 Biological Opinion for underwater blasting to remove rock from the navigation channel for the Columbia River Channel Improvement Project. The plan was prepared by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Portland District.

Carlson, Thomas J.; Johnson, Gary E.

2010-01-29

417

Operational Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and operational environmental monitoring performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company as it implements the Operational Environmental Monitoring program. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company in implementing the Operational Environmental Monitoring program at the Hanford Site.

Perkins

1994-01-01

418

On the Computational Complexity of Temporal Projection and Plan Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

One kind of temporal reasoning is temporalprojection---the computation of the consequencesof a set of events. This problem is related to anumber of other temporal reasoning tasks suchas story understanding, planning, and plan validation.We show that one particular simple caseof temporal projection on partially ordered eventsturns out to be harder than previously conjectured.However, given the restrictions of thisproblem, story understanding, planning,

Bernhard Nebel; Christer Bäckström

1992-01-01

419

Project W-443 cask/transporation project management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document has been prepared and is being released for Project W-443 participants to use in the performance of project activities. This PMP establishes the organizational responsibilities and baseline controls to be used to manage Spent Nuclear Fuel Subproject W-443.

Byrd, L.C., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-02

420

Project W-443 cask\\/transporation project management plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document has been prepared and is being released for Project W-443 participants to use in the performance of project activities. This PMP establishes the organizational responsibilities and baseline controls to be used to manage Spent Nuclear Fuel Subproject W-443.

Westinghouse Hanford

1996-01-01

421

Permanency Planning for Children with Developmental Disabilities in Pennsylvania: The Lessons of Project Star [and] Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report examines "permanency planning" and "special needs adoption" for children with disabilities, based on the experience of Project STAR in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Project STAR (Specialized Training for Adoption Readiness) was established in 1985 to provide support services for families of children with disabilities and to locate…

Taylor, Steven J.; And Others

422

Strategic Planning in Family Business: A Powerful Developmental Tool for the Next Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the issue of training next-generation family members once they have joined the management team in their family firm. The qualitative analysis of strategic planning processes of 18 Italian family firms shows that involving next-generation family members in the planning process benefits their developmental process. The findings indicate that this involvement provides the next generation with crucial tacit

Pietro Mazzola; Gaia Marchisio; Joseph H. Astrachan

2008-01-01

423

Systems Engineering Plan and project record Configuration Management Plan for the Mixed Waste Disposal Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document summarizes the systems engineering assessment that was performed for the Mixed Waste Disposal Initiative (MWDI) Project to determine what types of documentation are required for the success of the project. The report also identifies the documents that will make up the MWDI Project Record and describes the Configuration Management Plan describes the responsibilities and process for making changes

W. E. Bryan; L. B. Oakley

1993-01-01

424

Project Plan: Screener Readiness Test Impact Study  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Screening Company Certification Rule will evaluate screening companies' performance using Threat Image Projection (TIP). It will require individuals who have received initial screener training to pass the Screener Readiness Test (SRT) before they can ...

J. Rubinstein B. A. Klock E. C. Neiderman

2001-01-01

425

CEPM 1: optimal construction project planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of the construction industry combined with the lack of appropriate techniques and technologies suitable for construction work are among the main reasons for inadequate industry performance. Researchers need to develop a better understanding of the construction industry and develop approaches and technologies that will enable construction companies to do a better job in estimating, planning, and control. A

Simaan M. AbouRizk; Yasser Mohamed

2002-01-01

426

The family planning attitudes, practices, and motivations of mental patients.  

PubMed

The family planning attitudes, practices and motivations were studied by interview in 21 patients of the Massachusetts Mental Health Center, 18-45 years of age, with varying racial, religious and socioeconomic backgrounds and a broad range of mental illness. Without investigating the relationships of mental illness to marital discord, an impressive frequency of divorce, unhappy marriages and lack of communication between the spouses was noted. Frequency patterns of sexual intercourse and orgasm in these patients reflected normal patterns as determined by sexual research. The patients also closely resembled normal women in responses on desired family size and the right of women to control the number of children they have. Behavior was found to differ strongly from attitudes in that contraceptive knowledge and approval, though low, was comparable to normal women, but actual contraceptive use was infrequent with a total of 26 unwanted pregnancies reported in 13 of the women. 9 of the unwanted pregnancies were aborted and 8 of the 13 women felt that raising the unwanted child contributed to their mental illness. Though all the patients thought hospitals should provide the postnatal family planning counseling, contraceptive motivation was determined to be poor in these women due to excessive dependency needs, passive-aggressive ambivalence towards men, and excessive use of the mechanism of denial. Greater communication between doctor and patient is needed on sexual attitudes and practices. PMID:5147729

Grunebaum, H U; Abernethy, V D; Rofman, E S; Weiss, J L

1971-12-01

427

Spent Nuclear Fuel project systems engineering management plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the WHC Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to describe the systems engineering approach and methods that will be integrated with established WHC engineering practices to enhance the WHC engineering management of the SNF Project. The scope of the SEMP encompasses the efforts needed to manage the WHC implementation of systems engineering on the SNF Project. This

1995-01-01

428

Quality assurance program plan for SNF characterization support project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Quality Assurance Program is implemented for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project. This QAPP has been developed specifically for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project, per Letter of Instruction (LOI) from Duke Engineering and Services Company, letter No. DESH-9655870, dated Nov. 22, 1996. It applies to those

Tanke

1997-01-01

429

Neijiang support system of urban project construction planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The e-government system of urban construction project planning management differs from office automation systems (acronym as OAS) in a general sense. The examination and approval of urban construction project require processing of not only text data, but also a large amount of spatial data. This paper presents a method to realize integrated management of both non-spatial and spatial data to

Ling Hu; Qiang Liu; Boyan Cheng

2005-01-01

430

Family Assessment Project: Handicapped Children's Program, Division of Family and Community Health Services, Colorado Department of Health, 1984-1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary issue addressed in this Project involved the development of a multifaceted family survey instrument which would incorporate an index to measure family risk for psychosocial problems. The constructed Family Psychosocial Risk Index (FPRI) purpor...

M. E. Canclini

1993-01-01

431

Improving Project Planning\\/Tracking for Student Software Engineering Projects through SOPPTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Student Online Project Planning and Tracking System, SOPPTS, is an online system designed and implemented to enhance the communication avenues and the project planning\\/tracking requirements of student projects for the Ball State University (BSU) software engineering classes. This paper presents the design and assessment of this tool. SOPPTS has been designed and field-tested to provide real-time feedback from faculty

Jeff Zhang; Dolores M. Zage; Wayne M. Zage

2003-01-01

432

ERD UMTRA Project quality assurance program plan, Revision 7  

SciTech Connect

This document is the revised Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) dated September, 1995 for the Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). Quality Assurance requirements for the ERD UMTRA Project are based on the criteria outlined in DOE Order 5700.6C or applicable sections of 10 CFR 830.120. QA requirements contained in this QAPP shall apply to all personnel, processes, and activities, including planning, scheduling, and cost control, performed by the ERD UMTRA Project and its contractors.

NONE

1995-09-01

433

Siberian Chemical Combine laboratory project work plan, fiscal year 1999  

SciTech Connect

The Siberian Chemical Combine (SKhK), Laboratory Project Work Plan (Plan) is intended to assist the US Laboratory Project Team, and Department of Energy (DOE) staff with the management of the FY99 joint material protection control and accounting program (MPC and A) for enhancing nuclear material safeguards within the Siberian Chemical Combine. The DOE/Russian/Newly Independent States, Nuclear Material Task Force, uses a project work plan document for higher-level program management. The SKhK Plan is a component of the Russian Defense related Sites` input to that document. In addition, it contains task descriptions and a Gantt Chart covering the FY99 time-period. This FY99 window is part of a comprehensive, Project Status Gantt Chart for tasking and goal setting that extends to the year 2003. Secondary and tertiary levels of detail are incorporated therein and are for the use of laboratory project management. The SKhK Plan is a working document, and additions and modifications will be incorporated as the MPC and A project for SKhK evolves.

Morgado, R.E.; Acobyan, R.; Shropsire, R.

1998-12-31

434

Systems engineering based planning for DOE D&D projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

A primary concern in any D&D project is the detailed process of utilizing a systems analysis approach to achieve efficient planning and implementation of D&D projects. This includes such items as project management and document preparation, in addition to the hands-on field work. There are detailed analyses which can be performed to accurately determine the risk and hazards of a

K. A. Craig; R. W. Rose

1997-01-01

435

Spent Nuclear Fuel project systems engineering management plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the WHC Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is to describe the systems engineering approach and methods that will be integrated with established WHC engineering practices to enhance the WHC engineering management of the SNF Project. The scope of the SEMP encompasses the efforts needed to manage the WHC implementation of systems engineering on the SNF Project. This implementation applies to, and is tailored to the needs of the SNF project and all its subprojects, including all current and future subprojects

Womack, J.C.

1995-10-03

436

Are husbands a barrier to women's family planning use? The case of Morocco.  

PubMed

Little is known about men's role in the adoption of family planning. Recent studies suggest that men may be a barrier to women's use of family planning. However, it is not clear whether husbands represent a true or a perceived barrier. Using the 1992 Morocco Demographic and Health Survey data, this study examines (1) whether women and men report concordant fertility desires, discussions, and contraceptive use; (2) the accuracy of women's perceptions of their husbands' fertility desires; and (3) whether husbands are a barrier to women's family planning use. The results demonstrate that, controlling for women's own fertility desires, husbands' true fertility desires are associated with family planning use. Likewise, women who perceive their husbands to want fewer children than they want are more likely to use family planning. Future fertility and family planning programs need to include men to reduce their role as both perceived and true barriers to family planning use. PMID:10842498

Speizer, I S

437

China's nationwide fertility and family planning sample survey ends successfully.  

PubMed

The Chinese government recently conducted a national fertility and family planning survey of 21.6 million people in over 1,300 sample areas, and the findings have been released. The survey covers a wide range of items, including the population situation, natural population increase, movement of population, marriage, and family planning practices with special emphasis on married women between the ages of 15-57. The findings revealed that 28% of the population is made up of those aged 0-14; 66.6% of those aged 15-64; and 5.3% of the elderly aged 65 and over. Women of childbearing age make up 26.8% of the total population. The mean age of the sample group was 28.6 years. In 1987, the birth rate was 23.3/1000, the death rate was 7.2/1000, and the rate of natural increase was 16.1/1000. The mean age for first marriages of women was 22.2 and women who married under 20 years of age made up 19.9% of the total married population. The average total fertility rate nationwide was 2.5: 1.33 in urban areas, 2.43 in townships, and 2.48 in rural areas. It is estimated that 147 million couples use contraceptives out of 206 million married women of reproductive age. 11% of China's males have have been sterilized and 2.7% use condoms. 38% of females have been sterilized, 41.5% use IUDs, and 4.9% use oral contraceptives. An estimated 28 million couples have accepted the "single-child certificate," 13.8% of the total population. The family planning practice rate of the whole country has gradually risen from 51.1% in 1980 to 58.2% in 1988. PMID:12315911

1989-06-01

438

Project Management Plan for the INEL technology logic diagrams  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PjMP) describes the elements of project planning and control that apply to activities outlined in Technical Task Plan (TTP) ID-121117, ``Technology Logic Diagrams For The INEL.`` The work on this project will be conducted by personnel in EG&G Idaho, Inc.`s Waste Technology Development Program. Technology logic diagrams represent a formal methodology to identify technology gaps or needs within Environmental Restoration/Waste Management Operations, which will focus on Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM-50) research and development, demonstration, test, and evaluation efforts throughout the US Department of Energy complex. This PjMP describes the objectives, organization, roles and responsibilities, workscope and processes for implementing and managing the technology logic diagram for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory project.

Rudin, M.J.

1992-10-01

439

Project Management Plan for the INEL technology logic diagrams  

SciTech Connect

This Project Management Plan (PjMP) describes the elements of project planning and control that apply to activities outlined in Technical Task Plan (TTP) ID-121117, Technology Logic Diagrams For The INEL.'' The work on this project will be conducted by personnel in EG G Idaho, Inc.'s Waste Technology Development Program. Technology logic diagrams represent a formal methodology to identify technology gaps or needs within Environmental Restoration/Waste Management Operations, which will focus on Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM-50) research and development, demonstration, test, and evaluation efforts throughout the US Department of Energy complex. This PjMP describes the objectives, organization, roles and responsibilities, workscope and processes for implementing and managing the technology logic diagram for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory project.

Rudin, M.J.

1992-10-01

440

Family planning in Brazil: why not tubal sterilisation during childbirth?  

PubMed

Sterilisation is the most desired method of contraception worldwide. In 1996, the Brazilian Congress approved a family planning law that legitimised female and male sterilisation, but forbade sterilisation during childbirth. As a result of this law, procedures currently occur in a clandestine nature upon payment. Despite the law, sterilisations continue to be performed during caesarean sections. The permanence of the method is an important consideration; therefore, information about other methods must be made available. Tubal sterilisation must not be the only choice. We argue that review of this restriction will not contribute to the increase in caesarean sections but will allow for greater sterilisation choice for men and women. PMID:23362330

Soares, Leila Cristina; Brollo, Jorge Luiz Alves

2013-01-29

441

Promoting interdisciplinary care of patients and families: a classroom project.  

PubMed

Interdisciplinary educational experiences provide opportunities for nursing students to gain knowledge regarding the contributions of other healthcare providers in ensuring quality patient care. The project, part of a family health course, brought together students from 5 disciplines to heighten awareness of the necessity of, and the call for, interdisciplinary education. The authors discuss the project and its structure to provide ideas to other educators who may want to integrate an innovative interdisciplinary experience into their course. PMID:21670639

Spath, Mary L; Godfrey, Jenna; Taylor, Amanda; Bell, Linda G

442

School Yard Environmental Projects: A Planning Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes how to establish successful trails, outdoor classrooms, or other environmental education improvements on rural and urban school grounds. Teachers are encouraged to promote the environmental project as a solution to an existing problem and to include all parties and stakeholders that can benefit from a coordinated environmental…

Megalos, Mark A.; And Others

443

Planning for Preservation during Mass Digitization Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In anticipation of current and future mass digitization projects in which the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Library will participate, the Library's Conservation Unit began to gather data on the "scannability" of our general book collections to anticipate potential effects on conservation and preservation work flows. The findings…

Teper, Jennifer Hain; Shaw, Emily F.

2011-01-01

444

School Yard Environmental Projects: A Planning Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide describes how to establish successful trails, outdoor classrooms, or other environmental education improvements on rural and urban school grounds. Teachers are encouraged to promote the environmental project as a solution to an existing problem and to include all parties and stakeholders that can benefit from a coordinated…

Megalos, Mark A.; And Others

445

Evaluating the quality of project planning: a model and field results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faulty planning will result in project failure, whereas high-quality project planning increases the project's chances of success. The paper reports on the successful development and implementation of a model aimed at evaluating the quality of project planning. The model is based on both the abilities required of the project manager and the organizational support required for a proper project management

O. Zwikael; S. Globerson

2004-01-01

446

Tailoring Small IT Projects in the Project Planning Phase  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Project management (PM) and systems engineering (SE) are essential skills in information technology (IT). There is an abundance of information available detailing the comprehensive bodies of knowledge, standards, and best practices. Despite the volume of information, there is surprisingly little information about how to tailor PM and SE tasks for…

Mulhearn, Michael F.

2011-01-01

447

Single-shell tank interim stabilization project plan  

SciTech Connect

Solid and liquid radioactive waste continues to be stored in 149 single-shell tanks at the Hanford Site. To date, 119 tanks have had most of the pumpable liquid removed by interim stabilization. Thirty tanks remain to be stabilized. One of these tanks (C-106) will be stabilized by retrieval of the tank contents. The remaining 29 tanks will be interim stabilized by saltwell pumping. In the summer of 1997, the US Department of Energy (DOE) placed a moratorium on the startup of additional saltwell pumping systems because of funding constraints and proposed modifications to the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) milestones to the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology). In a letter dated February 10, 1998, Final Determination Pursuant to Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) in the Matter of the Disapproval of the DOE`s Change Control Form M-41-97-01 (Fitzsimmons 1998), Ecology disapproved the DOE Change Control Form M-41-97-01. In response, Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (FDH) directed Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation (LNMC) to initiate development of a project plan in a letter dated February 25, 1998, Direction for Development of an Aggressive Single-Shell Tank (SST) Interim Stabilization Completion Project Plan in Support of Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement). In a letter dated March 2, 1998, Request for an Aggressive Single-Shell Tank (SST) Interim Stabilization Completion Project Plan, the DOE reaffirmed the need for an aggressive SST interim stabilization completion project plan to support a finalized Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-41 recovery plan. This project plan establishes the management framework for conduct of the TWRS Single-Shell Tank Interim Stabilization completion program. Specifically, this plan defines the mission needs and requirements; technical objectives and approach; organizational structure, roles, responsibilities, and interfaces; and operational methods. The plan is based on realistic assumptions and addresses three separate funding scenarios.

Ross, W.E.

1998-03-27

448

Advanced Hybrid Particulate Collector Project Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

As the consumption of energy increases, its impact on ambient air quality has become a significant concern. Recent studies indicate that fine particles from coal combustion cause health problems as well as atmospheric visibility impairment. These problems are further compounded by the concentration of hazardous trace elements such as mercury, cadmium, selenium, and arsenic in fine particles. Therefore, a current need exists to develop superior, but economical, methods to control emissions of fine particles. Since most of the toxic metals present in coal will be in particulate form, a high level of fine- particle collection appears to be the best method of overall air toxics control. However, over 50% of mercury and a portion of selenium emissions are in vapor form and cannot be collected in particulate control devices. Therefore, this project will focus on developing technology not only to provide ultrahigh collection efficiency of particulate air toxic emissions, but also to capture vapor- phase trace metals such as mercury and selenium. Currently, the primary state-of-the-art technologies for particulate control are fabric filters (baghouses) and electrostatic precipitators (ESPs). However, they both have limitations that prevent them from achieving ultrahigh collection of fine particulate matter and vapor-phase trace metals. The objective of this project is to develop a highly reliable advanced hybrid particulate collector (AHPC) that can provide > 99.99 % particulate collection efficiency for all particle sizes between 0.01 and 50 14m, is applicable for use with all U.S. coals, and is cost-0443competitive with existing technologies. Phase I of the project is organized into three tasks: Task I - Project Management, Reporting, and Subcontract Consulting Task 2 - Modeling, Design, and Construction of 200-acfm AHPC Model Task 3 - Experimental Testing and Subcontract Consulting

Miller, S.J.

1995-11-01

449

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted interim groundwater remedial activities on the Hanford Site since the mid-1990s for several groundwater contamination plumes. DOE established the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project (Technologies Project) in 2006 to evaluate alternative treatment technologies. The objectives for the technology project are as follows: develop a 300 Area polyphosphate treatability test to immobilize uranium, design and test infiltration of a phosphate/apatite technology for Sr-90 at 100-N, perform carbon tetrachloride and chloroform attenuation parameter studies, perform vadose zone chromium characterization and geochemistry studies, perform in situ biostimulation of chromium studies for a reducing barrier at 100-D, and perform a treatability test for phytoremediation for Sr-90 at 100-N. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the Technologies Project. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is based on the quality assurance requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the technology project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Fix, N. J.

2007-01-10

450

The Groundwater Performance Assessment Project Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has monitored groundwater on the Hanford Site since the 1940s to help determine what chemical and radiological contaminants have made their way into the groundwater. As regulatory requirements for monitoring increased in the 1980s, there began to be some overlap between various programs. DOE established the Groundwater Performance Assessment Project (groundwater project) in 1996 to ensure protection of the public and the environment while improving the efficiency of monitoring activities. The groundwater project is designed to support all groundwater monitoring needs at the site, eliminate redundant sampling and analysis, and establish a cost-effective hierarchy for groundwater monitoring activities. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the groundwater project. This QA Plan is based on the QA requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--General Provisions/Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the groundwater project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The groundwater project has determined that the Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Luttrell, Stuart P.

2006-05-11

451

THE LAM´ E FAMILY OF CONNECTIONS ON THE PROJECTIVE LINE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with rank two connections on the projective line having four simple poles with prescribed local ex- ponents 1\\/4 and -1\\/4. This Lame family of connections has been extensively studied in the literature. The differential Galois group of a Lame connection is never maximal: it is either dihedral (fi- nite or infinite) or reducible. We provide an explicit

F. LORAY; M. VAN DER PUT; F. ULMER

2008-01-01

452

Development of a Child Development Family Laboratory: An Experimental Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a family laboratory project designed to provide young children with opportunities to participate in learning experiences with babies, school age children, adolescents, adults who were single or married, parents and grand parents. A review of the literature focuses on the need for communication between children, parents,…

Hatfield, Loretta M.

453

[Family planning as a basic tool for development].  

PubMed

The family planning (FP) concept has traditionally been, and is closely related to, sexual and reproductive health. At the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994, FP is recognized as a health strategy that, properly applied, can contribute to the development of nations. Over the past years we have found that the benefits are not only aimed at preventing unwanted pregnancies, there by preventing induced abortions and maternal death, but it also improves child health, facilitating access to education for children in the world, it promotes the empowerment of women not only in the workplace but also in other areas such as politics and thus, the concept of gender; it helps to reduce poverty by stimulating economic development and increasing the standard of living of people . This means that it not only contributes to one but to the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Despite the evidence of its benefits, there are still social, cultural, political or religious barriers that cause an unmet need in Family Planning, which does not respect the right of individuals to choose and decide the number of children they want, and prevent the experience of a healthy sexuality. PMID:24100824

Gutiérrez, Miguel

2013-09-01

454

The quality of family planning services in rural China.  

PubMed

This article provides a preliminary analysis of three aspects of service quality in four rural counties in China--the availability of contraceptive methods, information given to users, and provider knowledge about methods. Contraceptive choice and characteristics of contraceptive use by women in the study areas are also examined. The data are derived from a survey carried out by the authors during 1987, under the auspices of China's State Family Planning Commission. The survey was conducted in four rural counties located in Fujian and Heilongjiang provinces. A total of 318 married women of reproductive age were randomly selected and interviewed. All family planning service sites serving the women were visited and a sample of service providers was interviewed. No shortage of contraceptives existed in any of the counties, but variations in community wealth and local procurement practices have resulted in the acquisition of an IUD with high failure rates. Although providers believe they inform women about method choices and side effects, women were poorly informed about the methods they selected. Not all providers who insert IUDs and distribute pills were knowledgeable about contraindications and side effects of the methods. Ever-use of contraception was nearly 100 percent, but most women, especially in Heilongjiang, have only used one method: the IUD or sterilization. Improvements in quality, especially in method mix, providers' level of knowledge, and the quality and quantity of information provided to users will likely improve contraceptive continuation, client satisfaction, and women's health. PMID:1604461

Kaufman, J; Zhang, Z; Qiao, X; Zhang, Y

455

Staffing patterns in family planning clinics: which model is best?  

PubMed

Data from 36 publicly-funded family planning clinics in Pennsylvania are examined to explore staffing patterns and to identify features which constitute an optimally effective delivery system for basic family planning services. The clinics serve approximately 50,000 women yearly. Previous clinic evaluation data and questinnaire results from clinic directors and female clients from the basis for analysis. 4 categories of clinics, based on an ascending staff-to-patient complexity, are determined. The number of services offered does not differ substantially or consistently across the categories, and no association exists between staffing pattern and clinic location. Measures of efficiency vary across the 4 clinic models, but the model 1 type, in which the patient sees only 2 staff members, provides services at a cost 1/2 that incurred by the other staffing models. Model 4 clinics, those most heavily staffed, were rated significantly less favorably in the client survey than other clinics. About 80% of the clients prefer to see a female clinician, and 45% would rather see physician than another type of clinician. 34% prefer a nurse practitioner. Nearly all respondents said they intended to return to the clinic. The study suggests that the simpler a clinic's organization, the more efficiently it operates. PMID:3622738

Winter, L; Goldy, A S

456

Experimental plan for the Single-Family Study  

SciTech Connect

The national evaluation of the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) consists of five separate studies. The Single-Family Study is one of three studies that will estimate program energy savings and cost effectiveness in principal WAP submarkets. This report presents the experimental plan for the Single-Family Study, which will be implemented over the next three years (1991--1993). The Single-Family Study will directly estimate energy savings for a nationally representative sample of single-family and small multifamily homes weatherized in the 1989 program year. Savings will be estimated from gas and electric utility billing records using the Princeton Scorekeeping Method (PRISM). The study will also assess nonenergy impacts (e.g., health, comfort, safety, and housing affordability), estimate cost effectiveness, and analyze factors influencing these outcomes. For homes using fuels such as wood, coal, fuel oil, kerosene, and propane as the primary source of space conditioning, energy savings will be studied indirectly. The study will assemble a large nationally representative data base. A cluster sampling approach will be used, in which about 400 subgrantees are selected in a first stage and weatherized homes are selected in a second range. To ensure that the Single-Family Study is able to identify promising opportunities for future program development, two purposively selected groups of subgrantees will be included: (1) subgrantees that install cooling measures (such as more efficient air conditioning equipment or radiant barriers), and (2) exemplary subgrantees that use state-of-the-art technologies and service delivery procedures (such as advanced audit techniques, blower door tests, infrared scanners, extensive client education, etc.). These two groups of subgrantees will be analyzed to identify the most effective program elements in specific circumstances. 14 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Berry, L.G.; Brown, M.A.; Wright, T.; White, D.L.

1991-09-01

457

UMTRA Project Office Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 5  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites in accordance with Public Law 95-604, the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA). The UMTRA Project`s mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. The US Department of Energy (DOE) UMTRA Project Office directs the overall Project. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria (set forth in the reference documents) has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. The UMTRA Project Office shall require each Project contractor to prepare and submit for approval a more detailed QAPP that is based on the applicable criteria of this QAPP and the referenced documents. All QAPPs on the UMTRA Project shall fit within the framework of this plan or an industry standard format that has been approved by the DOE Project Office.

Not Available

1993-11-01

458

Family health nurse project--an education program of the World Health Organization: the University of Stirling experience.  

PubMed

This article outlines the delivery of the Family Health Nurse Education Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) at the University of Stirling, Scotland, from 2001 to 2005. The program was part of the WHO European Family Health Nurse pilot project. The curriculum outlined by the WHO Curriculum Planning Group detailed the broad thrust of the Family Health Nurse Education Programme and was modified to be responsive to the context in which it was delivered, while staying faithful to general principles and precepts. The Family Health Nurse Education Programme is described in its evolving format over the two phases of the project; the remote and rural context occurred from 2001 to 2003, and the modification of the program for the urban phase of the project occurred during 2004 and 2005. The conceptual framework that was foundational to the development of the curriculum to prepare family health nurses will be described. PMID:19066336

Murray, Ian

2008-12-09

459

UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Tuba City, Arizona  

SciTech Connect

Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site in Tuba City, Arizona, are described in the following sections of this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). This plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, detection limits, and sampling frequency for the stations routinely monitored at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192 (1994) and the final EPA standards of 1995 (60 FR 2854). Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), and the most effective technical approach for the site.

NONE

1996-02-01

460

On financial management of population and family planning programs.  

PubMed

In the 3 day workshop of the Southeast Asian Region on the Financial Management of Population/Family Planning Programs held from March 15 to 17 it was recommended that there by standardization of financial reporting procedures by country programs for population planning. Related to this recommendation was the proposal that measurement of cost benefit and cost effective analysis of country programs be undertaken by the Research and Evaluation Units of the respective population organizations in close coordination with the financial managers. Other major recommendations included: 1) closer coordination between donor agencies and policy making bodies of country programs in the disbursement of funds; 2) more exchange of experiences, ideas, technical knowledge on the financial management of country programs in the Inter G overnmental Coordinating Committee for Southeast Asian countries; and 3) inclusion of applicable financial management topics in the training of clinical staff and followup in actual operation. The priority areas identified for the Inter Governmental Coordinating Committee countries (Nepal, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, and the Philippines) are financial planning; generation of resources and budgeting and allocation of funds; accounting and disbursement of funds; financial management at the clinic level; use of and control of foreign aid; and cost effectiveness, benefit analysis and financial reporting. PMID:12334205

1976-03-01

461

Family planning and maternal health care in Egypt.  

PubMed

The Government of Egypt is introducing policies to reduce the mortality of women of reproductive age. However, family planning and maternal-child health care programs are unlikely to have the desired impact without corresponding improvements in the status of Egyptian women. Women's status in the areas of education, health, poverty, employment, the family, government, and the community is a crucial determinant of their willingness and ability to accept a smaller family size ideal and become contraceptive users. At present, only 6% of Egyptian women are a part of the work force and 60% are illiterate. In a society in which women are valued on the basis of the number of children they produce for their husbands, those practice birth control risk abandonment and isolation. The powerlessness and insecurity that lead Egyptian women to have an average of at least 5 children impeded national development and thus delay creation of the socioeconomic conditions that could liberate women from their domestic role. Equal opportunities in education and employment would represent a first step toward improving women's status by giving them a source of income and increased independence. Also needed are modifications in archaic marriage, divorce, and custody laws. PMID:12317075

El-mouelhy, M T

1990-01-01

462

Child abuse as an inhibiting factor for family planning.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to determine the magnitude of the problem of usi