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1

The politics of federal environmental education policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Both environmental governance1 and education governance 2 occupy contested territory in contemporary US political discourse. Environmental education (EE) policy has emerged at this intersection and taken on aspects of both controversies. Central to debates surrounding environmental education are still unresolved issues concerning the role of the federal government in education, the role of education in citizen-making, and the role of the public in environmental governance. As a case study of the politics of environmental education policy, I explore these issues as they relate to the National Environmental Education Act of 1990,3 attempts at its reauthorization, its continued appropriations, and its current state of policy stasis. The political controversy over the federal role in environmental education is an appropriate case study of environmental education politics insofar as it reflects the different positions held by actor groups with regard to the definition, efficacy, and legitimacy of environmental education. At the core of these debates, as we will see, is a definitional crisis---that is, there is no common understanding across the relevant actor groups as to what environmental education is, or should be. I suggest here that this definitional issue can be best understood as having technical, ideological, and structural components4---all of which are mutually reinforcing and thus perpetuate the stasis in federal environmental education policy. 1I rely on Durant, Fiorino and O'leary's definition of environmental governance in Environmental Governance Reconsidered ; "In the term environmental governance, we refer to the increasingly collaborative nature of [environmental and natural resource] policy formulation and implementation. In this vein, a wide array of third parties (for example, actors in the profit sector, the nonprofit sector, and civic society), in addition to government agencies, comprise non hierarchical networks of actors wielding a variety of policy tools (for example, rules and regulations, subsidies, and information) to address diverse, complex and evolving [environmental and natural resource] problems." p. 22-23. 2In this case, I adapt Durant, Fiorino and O'leary's definition of environmental governance to education leadership. 3See Appendix 1 for text of the Environmental Education Act of 1990. 4I am indebted to David Rejeski of the Woodrow Wilson Institute for helping me think through environmental education politics from a definitional perspective.

Crouch, Richard Craig

2

Federalism, Agenda Setting, and the Dynamics of Federal Education Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is part of a larger project on agenda setting in the U.S. federal system and the development of the federal education agenda since 1965. Two questions motivate the paper, one theoretical and the other empirical: (1) how does federalism affect the federal agenda?; and (2) what explains the development of federal involvement in K-12…

Manna, Paul

3

Federal Policies for Equal Educational Opportunity: Conflict and Confusion. Policy Research Project Report Number 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined conflicting Federal directives and gaps in Federal education policy from the perspective of the local school district, with the objective of determining problem areas in Federal policies and practices and developing a set of recommendations for change. Five areas of policy, finance and administrative procedures were examined:…

Texas Univ., Austin. Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs.

4

Federal Policies and Higher Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to describe U.S. federal policies that have helped to shape the context within which state systems of higher education operated during the past decade. It also presents descriptive statistics about the higher education enterprise in the United States, including available performance data. The report is based on the…

Prisco, Anne; Hurley, Alicia D.; Carton, Thomas C; Richardson, Richard C., Jr.

5

Comprehensive Federal Indian Education: Policy Statement. A Proposal from Indian Country to the White House.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy statement proposes national guidelines that direct federal agency implementation of Indian education policies in a coordinated and comprehensive manner and provide direction for new Indian education initiatives from Congress and the Administration. The policy statement was written by tribal leaders and Indian educators and was based on…

National Congress of American Indians, Washington, DC.

6

The Impact of Evaluation on Federal Education Program Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education evaluation efforts of the federal government are discussed, focusing on the question of their effectiveness in informing the policymaking process. Successful evaluation criteria are outlined. An evaluation must provide useful information to policymakers to be a success. (DWH)

O'Keefe, Michael

1984-01-01

7

From a Nation at Risk to No Child Left Behind: National Education Goals and the Creation of Federal Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distinguished historian and policy analyst Maris Vinovskis examines federal K-12 education policies, beginning with the publication of "A Nation at Risk" and focusing on the National Education Goals, America 2000, Goals 2000, and No Child Left Behind. In addition to discussing key policy debates, he also addresses the practical aspects of…

Vinovskis, Maris

2008-01-01

8

CCBD's Position Summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides policy recommendations of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD) regarding disproportionality in special education and the need for federal policy driving state regulations to support efforts to eliminate this outcome in schools. Monitoring requirements in the 1997 and 2004 amendments to the Individuals…

Skiba, Russ; Albrecht, Susan; Losen, Dan

2012-01-01

9

CCBD'S Position Summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides policy recommendations of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD) regarding disproportionality in special education and the need for federal policy driving state regulations to support efforts to eliminate this outcome in schools. CCBD is committed to advancing knowledge, effective instruction, and advocacy…

Skiba, Russ; Albrecht, Susan; Losen, Dan

2013-01-01

10

What State Policymakers Should Know about Federal Higher Education Policy. Policy Insights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the mantra that education is primarily a state responsibility, the federal government is an important and influential player when it comes to providing higher education to the nation's students. The federal government invests roughly $25 billion annually in higher education excluding loans that are ultimately repaid, military benefits that…

Longanecker, David A.

2006-01-01

11

Federal Compliance Works against Education Policy Goals. Education Outlook. No. 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the federal government spends billions of dollars every year on federal education programs, federal policymakers and education advocates often lament that these programs do not achieve their intended results--specifically, increasing student academic achievement. To address this problem, policymakers and advocates typically debate the merits…

Junge, Melissa; Krvaric, Sheara

2011-01-01

12

Federal Educational Policies, Programs, and Proposals; A Survey and Handbook. Part II. Survey of Federal Educational Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, second in a three part series, surveys the educational activities administered by Federal agencies. It describes each program and summarizes the activities including data on funds obligated for them. Such activities are construed to include: (1) educational activities which are a Federal responsibility as indicated by statute or other…

Quattlebaum, Charles A.

13

Public Schools and the Original Federal Land Grant Program. A Background Paper from the Center on Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This background paper from the Center on Education Policy (CEP) examines the origins, history, and evolution of federal land grants for public schools, as well as their significance as an early example of the federal role in education. It is intended to serve as a more detailed companion to another CEP paper, "Get the Federal Government Out of…

Usher, Alexandra

2011-01-01

14

Federal Educational Policies, Programs and Proposals. A Survey and Handbook. Part III: Analysis and Classification of the Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume, the third of a three-part handbook of Federal educational policies, programs, and proposals, analyzes and classifies the Federal training and educational programs under the headings of (1) method of administration, (2) levels of education concerned, (3) geographic areas affected, and (4) number and types of persons affected. In…

Quattlebaum, Charles A.

15

Educational Research, Research Ethics and Federal Policy: An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ethical treatment of human participants in medical research has been a focus of discussion for centuries. Less talked about, unfortunately, is how participants of social science research, especially of the kind of research found in educational settings, are protected from unethical procedures or investigators. Title 45 of the U.S. Code of…

Hecht, Jeffrey B.

16

Education and Local Development: Federal Policies and Programmes for Education and Local Development in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few national level programs in the United States directly support both local development and education/training. Although both are needed to accomplish the desired goals of economic stability and low unemployment, distinctly different sets of policies exist for each, and because of limited federal resources, each program is in competition with the…

Rosenfeld, Stuart A.

17

Considering Alternatives for Federal Education Policy in the United States: A Critical Perspective on No Child Left Behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pending reauthorization of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, the George W. Bush administration's iteration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, provides an important opportunity to consider what federal education policy could be in the United States. In this paper, we explain how the rationalization of education, particularly of…

Edmondson, Jacqueline; D'Urso, Alexandra

2009-01-01

18

Second Policy Development Seminar "Civic Education Policy and Standards Setting in the Russian Federation" (Moscow, Russian Federation, February 28-March 1, 2001). Revised. Education for Democratic Citizenship, 2001-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The February 2002 Council of Europe seminar on "Civic Education Policy and Standards Setting in the Russian Federation" is the second seminar devoted to these issues. The first seminar was held in December 2000. The main objectives were to introduce European work in civic education, particularly that of Romania and Ireland, and to draft the first…

Bolotina, Tatiana

19

Federal Tuition Tax Credits and State Higher Education Policy: A Guide for State Policy Makers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government enacted the Taxpayer Relief Act in 1997. Whereas other federal student aid programs have used grants, scholarships, and loans to help students and their families finance college, the new law has made college more affordable by providing new federal income tax credits, savings incentives, and deductions for interest paid on…

Conklin, Kristin D.

20

The Federal Interest in Financing Schooling. A Rand Educational Policy Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains papers first presented at the September 1976 Symposium on the Federal Interest in Financing Schooling. Participants responded to three questions. First, given what we know about federal goals in education, how appropriate are the areas in which federal involvement is currently concentrated? Second, how effective are existing…

Timpane, Michael, Ed.

21

Federal Regulation of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fresh light might be shed on problems of federal education policy by treating them not only as problems of intergovernmental relations but of government regulation of enterprise, given that they involve the attempts of a central government to influence the conduct of enterprises that it does not own nor directly operate. Using well-established…

Shapiro, Martin

22

Essays in Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

My dissertation investigates the effects of education policy on academic achievement. I focus on state and federal policies that seek to influence how teachers and school administrators educate their students, and I evaluate those policies' effects on academic achievement. Chapter 1 examines the effects of a compositional shift in a school's…

Richardson, Jed Thomas

2011-01-01

23

How federal government and university policies need to change to achieve more and better research and education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Obama administration has repeatedly emphasized that the economic future of the country will depend heavily on the future success of both its scientific research and its science education. Research universities play a vital role in both of these activities. Unfortunately, universities are facing increasing difficulties in maintaining and enhancing the quality of their research and educational activities. There are some particularly notable unmet opportunities for improving science education. I will offer some ideas for how federal and university policies on research funding and education might be modified in tandem to enhance both research and educational outputs.

Wieman, Carl

2011-04-01

24

Educating for the Public Good through Comprehensive Federal Research and Development Policies. Policy Brief. ASHE/Lumina Fellows Series. Issue 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The broad national research and development (R&D) enterprise is directly linked to graduate education in science and engineering. Graduate students are not only the future scientists of society, through research assistantships, they also provide valuable labor for the development of research and technology. Therefore, federal R&D policies should…

Mendoza, Pilar

2007-01-01

25

Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education: Is it Moving us Forward?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monitoring requirements in the 1997 amendments to and 2004 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) acknowledged the existence and extent of racial\\/ethnic disproportionality in special education, especially when, in 2004, Congress designated this concern among the top three priority areas for monitoring and enforcement of the law. However, federal interpretations of the 2004 requirements have created confusion

Susan Fread Albrecht; Russell J. Skiba; Daniel J. Losen; Choong-Geun Chung; Laura Middelberg

2012-01-01

26

Vocational Guidance: Policy Options Within the Context of the Vocational Education Act and Other Federal Legislation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational guidance and counseling is supported by the United States government through a variety of laws. The Vocational Education Act (VEA) and other federal legislation consistently provide funds for services to assist in the transition from education/training to work, from unemployment to employment, or from one career to another. Most…

Stump, Robert W.

27

Federal Policy in Educational Research and Development. Occasional Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1867, a bill was passed by Congress establishing a department of education. The appropriations for the department were reduced almost immediately, and the status of the agency was undercut by reassigning it as an office in the Department of Interior. From 1867 to 1954, the United States Office of Education (USOE) and the federal government were…

Clark, David L.

28

Walking a Policy Tightrope: Balancing Educational Opportunity and Criminal Justice in Federal Student Financial Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Higher Education Act's Drug-Free Student Aid Provision denies federal aid to anyone convicted of possessing or selling controlled substances. The criminalization of certain offenses and exclusion of others appears to accompany unstated racial and socioeconomic biases. Because minority and poor people are more likely to be convicted of drug…

Brown, M. Christopher, II; Lane, Jason E.; Rogers, Kimberly R.

2002-01-01

29

CAUTIOUSLY MERGING A FEDERAL POLICY MANDATE AND A STATE EDUCATION REFORM: AN ANALYSIS OF SPECIAL EDUCATION IN CHARTER SCHOOLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Implementing special education is frequently a challenge for charter school operators. This paper presents findings from Project Intersect; a national study documenting,1) the policy context that shapes special education in charter schools and 2) the strategies that stakeholders are developing to build charter schools’ capacity to provide special education. Documents and surveys comprise the data for the study. The

Lauren Morando Rhim

2004-01-01

30

The Impact of Federal Financial Aid Policy upon Higher Education Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the history of financial aid policy from the Higher Education Act of 1965 to its reauthorisation in 1992 and the subsequent ramifications upon African-American students. It considers issues of race and class with regard to college access. This work concludes with a look at contemporary aid, as well as offers race- and…

Davis, Dannielle Joy; Green-Derry, Lisa Celeste; Jones, Brandon

2013-01-01

31

Educating for Community Change: Higher Education's Proposed Role in Community Transformation through the Federal Promise Neighborhood Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated a federal comprehensive community initiative, the Promise Neighborhood initiative, in order to understand higher education community engagement in an embedded context. Promise Neighborhood programs aim to create a place-based system of family and education services that can support youth from early childhood through college…

Hudson, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

32

World Federation for Medical Education Policy on international recognition of medical schools' programme.  

PubMed

The increasing globalisation of medicine, as manifested in the migration rate of medical doctors and in the growth of cross-border education providers, has inflicted a wave of quality assurance efforts in medical education, and underlined the need for definition of standards and for introduction of effective and transparent accreditation systems. In 2004, reflecting the importance of the interface between medical education and the healthcare delivery sector, a World Health Organization (WHO)/World Federation for Medical Education (WFME) Strategic Partnership to improve medical education was formed. In 2005, the partnership published Guidelines for Accreditation of Basic Medical Education. The WHO/WFME Guidelines recommend the establishment of proper accreditation systems that are effective, independent, transparent and based on medical education-specific criteria. An important prerequisite for this development was the WFME Global Standards programme, initiated in 1997 and widely endorsed. The standards are now being used in all 6 WHO/WFME regions as a basis for quality improvement of medical education throughout its continuum and as a template for national and regional accreditation standards. Promotion of national accreditation systems will have a pivotal influence on future international appraisal of medical education. Information about accreditation status - the agencies involved and the criteria and procedure used - will be an essential component of new Global Directories of Health Professions Educational Institutions. According to an agreement between the WHO and the University of Copenhagen (UC), these Directories (the Avicenna Directories) will be developed and published by the UC with the assistance of the WFME, starting with renewal of the WHO World Directory of Medical Schools, and sequentially expanding to cover educational institutions for other health professions. The Directories will be a foundation for international meta-recognition ("accrediting the accreditors") of educational institutions and their programmes. PMID:19159040

Karle, Hans

2008-12-01

33

Federal Reserve Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve is the central bank of the United States, and there are twelve Federal Reserve districts that range from Hawaii to Maine. This website was created by the Federal Reserve to provide high-quality educational resources about economics, personal finance, public policy and other subjects to students and the general public. First-time visitors can peruse some of the videos on the homepage, find their Reserve district via an interactive map, and also learn about the history of colonial money. Educators can use the Find Resources area to look for items of note, and they can search by keyword, title, grade, topic, or document type. Some of the most compelling material can be found in the Games & Simulations area. Here visitors will find an economic literacy test and a fun game called "Show Business: The Economics of Entertainment." The site is rounded out by the Public Resources area, which includes links to material on public tours, economic indicators and other materials on the day-to-day activities of the Federal Reserve.

2012-06-08

34

Can the Federal Government Improve Education Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Will recent federal policy changes succeed in improving the quality of education policy research? One explanation for the limited supply to date of high-quality evaluation evidence in education is limited demand, owing perhaps, in part, to market failure for both education outcomes and education research. In the market for education outcomes, the…

Jacob, Brian Aaron; Ludwig, Jens

2005-01-01

35

The Federal Role in Education: New Directions for the Eighties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen articles, with an introduction, focus on the overall nature and effect of federal involvement in education and suggest what the federal role ought to be. The first five articles examine federal policy dilemmas in the areas of federal educational expenditures, fragmentation of federal programs, elementary and secondary education, criteria…

Miller, Robert A., Ed.

36

Federal immunization policy and funding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This article outlines the history of federal immunization policy and funding, with a focus on discretionary federal funding under Section 317 of the Public Health Service Act, paying particular attention to the role of Congress in shaping the program in the past 2 decades. This review of funding trends and initiatives indicates that when both a presidential administration and

Kay A. Johnson; Alice Sardell; Barbara Richards

2000-01-01

37

Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects. Final Rule. Technical Amendments. Federal Register, Department of Education, 34 CFR Part 97  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The agencies listed in this document are amending the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, which was published in the Federal Register on June 18, 1991, to change all references to the Office for Protection from Research Risks (OPRR) to the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP); revise the footnote found at the end of…

National Archives and Records Administration, 2005

2005-01-01

38

Educating for a High Skills Society? The Landscape of Federal Employment, Training and Lifelong Learning Policy in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Government reports and documents claim that building a knowledge economy and innovative society are key goals in Canada. In this paper, we draw on critical policy analysis to examine 10 Canadian federal government training and employment policies in relation to the government's espoused priorities of innovation and developing a high skills society…

Gibb, Tara; Walker, Judith

2011-01-01

39

Access, Equity, and Community Colleges: The Truman Commission and Federal Higher Education Policy from 1947 To 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1947 President's Commission on Higher Education offers insight into higher education policy in the United States. This article reviews and assesses the adoption of its policy recommendations in two key areas: 1) improving college access and equity and 2) expanding the role of community colleges. (Contains 1 figure and 4 notes.)

Gilbert, Claire Krendl; Heller, Donald E.

2013-01-01

40

Federal Policy Options for Improving the Education of Low-Income Students. Congressional Testimony.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this statement, the Senior Social Scientist of the Rand Institute on Education and Training testified that improving the education of students from low-income families is a difficult challenge. Low-income students suffer more from the related influences of lower family income, family education level, and student achievement than more affluent…

Rotberg, Iris C.

41

The Efficiency of Federal Subsidies to Medical Education. Health Manpower Policy Discussion Paper Series. No.: A8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the efficiency of federal subsidies in meeting stated public goals and gives two reasons for doing so. First, specific data on subsidies for the education function of medical schools are available. Second, Congress is now considering the entire package of federal health manpower legislation. It is difficult to escape the…

Wright, George E., Jr.

42

Reconciling Federal, State, and Institutional Policies Determining Educational Access for Undocumented Students: Implications for Professional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the intense efforts to change federal legislation, it is surprising that relatively little research has examined how postsecondary institutions respond to organizational pressures and local contexts. These "boundary activities" determine actual practice (Birnbaum, 1991) and may be the only way to remedy the exclusion of undocumented…

Burkhardt, John C.; Ortega, Noe; Vidal Rodriguez, Angela; Frye, Joanna R.; Nellum, Christopher J.; Reyes, Kimberly A.; Hussain, Omar; Badke, Lara Kovacheff; Hernandez, Joanna

2012-01-01

43

Key Findings from Two Reports on Federal School Improvement Grants by the Center on Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), also known as the economic stimulus package, provided an extra $3 billion for school improvement grants (SIGs) under section 1003(g) of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Along with this funding increase, the U.S. Department of Education issued guidance…

Center on Education Policy, 2012

2012-01-01

44

Knowledge for whose society? Knowledge production, higher education, and federal policy in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the dissemination of its Innovation Strategy in 2002, the Canadian government further solidified its commitment to a\\u000a knowledge-based national competitiveness strategy. Through the unfolding of a multi-million dollar Workplace Skills Strategy\\u000a (WSS) agency, and the launch of two research agencies, the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) and the Canadian Council\\u000a for Learning (CCL), the federal government of Canada has

Amy Scott Metcalfe; Tara Fenwick

2009-01-01

45

Making of federal coal policy  

SciTech Connect

Focusing on the period from February 1973 to January 1981, this book examines the evolution of policies for managing federally owned coal and compares that management with land-use zoning policies. The author relates coal policies to the broad, progressive movement, and its effort to substitute scientific socio-economic studies for philosophy that could control the federal coal leasing program. The book is divided into six major sections dealing with the conservationist movement, the substitution of a plan for a free market, judicial mandates for central planning, the record of land-use planning, interpretations of liberalism, and the socialist experiment in America. At issue through the long dispute has been whether the leasing program should encourage and support western coal development. 350 references.

Nelson, R.H.

1983-01-01

46

Federal Policies and Programs for American Indians. Staff Report #2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents Federal government policies and programs for American Indians, and the history of the Federal government-Indian relationship. Topics discussed are: (1) land management and industrial development; (2) employment programs; (3) education; (4) welfare programs; (5) other Federal programs (housing, transportation, and public…

Muskrat, Joseph; And Others

47

75 FR 29744 - Federal Pell Grant, Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, Federal Supplemental Educational...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan, and TEACH...Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan, and the...Educational Opportunity Grant Program; 84.268 William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan...

2010-05-27

48

Single-Gender Public Education and Federal Policy: Implications of Gender-Based School Reforms in Philadelphia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parochial and private schools in the United States have maintained opportunities for students to attend same-gender settings without interference from policies governing public education. The gender composition and curriculum of public schools, however, have been influenced by societal regulations and expectations that have often utilized…

Friend, Jennifer

2007-01-01

49

Federal Service Mandates in Education: A Preliminary Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment of the effectiveness of federal service mandates in addressing equal education goals considers the effects and policy implications of existing and theoretical mandate types. The service mandate is a legal requirement (not contingent upon federal financial aid) that states or districts provide educational services satisfying federal

Barro, Stephen M.

50

When Research Matters: How Scholarship Influences Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"When Research Matters" considers the complex and crucially important relationship between education research and policy. In examining how and under what conditions research affects education policy, the book focuses on a number of critical issues: the history of the federal role in education policy; the evolving nature of educational policy

Hess, Frederick M., Ed.

2008-01-01

51

Federal Goals and Policy Instruments in Vocational Education: An Assessment of the Resource Allocation and Targeting Provisions of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act of 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the resource allocation and targeting provisions of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Act of 1984 and identifies and evaluates some policy options. An introduction outlines the aims and scope of the report. Section 2 describes grants for handicapped and disadvantaged vocational students, addressing the evolution of federal aid…

Barro, Stephen M.

52

Federal Statistics in the Policy making Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal statistics are integral to the adequate evaluation of public policy planning and performance in the United States. The Obama administration has determined that empirical science, including statistics, will be at the foundation of the president’s policy agenda. However, to be useful, federal statistics must be reliable, relevant, timely, and unbiased, and the departments that produce them must be adequately

Peter R. Orszag

2010-01-01

53

Intercultural Policies and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intercultural Policies and Education is concerned with educational challenges in multicultural societies. Educational policies, practices and strategies for fruitful coexistence in the multicultural school and classroom are explored and analysed through a collection of chapters designed and selected to provide readers with international,…

Goncalves, Susana, Ed.; Carpenter, Markus A., Ed.

2012-01-01

54

Federal policies and technological problem-solving  

SciTech Connect

The Report addresses the question of whether existing policies either enhance or inhibit the achievement of a new policy's primary objective; namely, to solve public interest problems at the least cost and risk to taxpayers. (See: How to Motivate Private Investment in Public Goods, NTIS Accession No. PB92-106731). The Report's Appendix briefly describes the new policy and its several techno-economic objectives. Only two existing policies are analyzed: OMB Circular 76, Performance of Commercial Activities, and Federal Acquisition Regulations (FARs). The Report concludes that both policies are irrelevant to the new policy since neither enhances nor inhibits achievement of the new policy's objectives, and that a new federal policy is needed to cost-effectively solve the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) ecological and environmental preservation problems.

Soergel, G.

1992-01-01

55

Priorities for Federal Education Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper suggests priorities for the federal government's elementary and secondary education data collection efforts. Sections on outputs, inputs, and private schools describe what data is needed, what is already available, and what is recommended for data collection. Recommendations include a high priority for federal funding for the National…

Murnane, Richard J.

56

New Directions in Federal Information Policy and Dissemination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews proposed legislation of the 101st Congress and discusses other factors that contribute to the national information policy. Highlights include federal information sources in electronic format; the Paperwork Reduction Act; legislation for the development of a National Research and Education Network (NREN); and the role of the Government…

Snowhill, Lucia; Meszaros, Rosemary

1990-01-01

57

Update on federal tight sands incentive policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the great potential of increased domestic tight sands production in reducing imports of foreign energy, several branches of the federal government have initiated policies to encourage development of this resource. However, these policies have been slow in formulation, and some are potentially in conflict with each other. Two characteristics of tight sands gas have led to it being singled

Buch

1980-01-01

58

International air transport and Federal policy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Federal policy which establishes guidelines for future U.S. participation in the international air transportation industry is discussed. The policy issues discussed include the following: (1) aircraft hijacking, both foreign and domestic, (2) relationship of scheduled services and charter services, (3) capacity problems, and (4) rate regulation.

Binder, R. H.

1972-01-01

59

We Should Choose to Use Protection Rather Than Be Told Not to Need It: A Policy Analysis and Position on Federal Funding of Abstinence-Only Education Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning about sex is inevitable and can't be controlled. Learning about sex in sex-education classes is inevitable, but the content of these programs can be controlled. This paper examines the current system of sex-education and questions the legality of the federal government controlling the content of programs and only regulating in favor of abstinence-only education programs.

Adam Geller

60

Viable Federalism in School Finance, a Local, State, Federal Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this speech, the author makes recommendations for the development of a national policy that would delineate roles among local school districts, intermediate school districts, States, and the Federal Government concerning the operation of school programs, the financing of school programs, and school governance. The author recommends that (1)…

Hornbostel, Victor O.

61

Russian Higher Education Reforms: Shifting Policy Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors analyze the existing higher education policies in the Russian Federation and discuss the implications of current reforms for the future of the higher education sector and those involved in it. The authors' analytical framework was based on the work of Olssen, Codd, and O'Neill (2004), outlining the major tenets of the…

Gounko, Tatiana; Smale, William

2007-01-01

62

The Unevenness of Arts Education Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past decade of educational reform, there has been one astounding accomplishment: The federal and state governments and the private sector have recommended and adopted policies to advance the visual and performing arts as essential to a comprehensive education. The goals created by the president and the governors of all 50 states for…

Hatfield, Thomas A.

2007-01-01

63

Development of federal homeownership “policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal programs that have been established with homeownership as an explicit objective have been rare, limited, and often short?lived. Programs that promote or facilitate homeownership were generally created to serve other purposes, such as macroeconomic stimulus. Such programs have often been retained or expanded because of their effects on homeowners and homeownership, however, with their initial purpose forgotten or ignored.The

Michael S. Carliner

1998-01-01

64

Education Policy. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on educational policy in the Texas legislature in relation to student retention, Internet access, and sexual harassment. "1999 Texas Legislative Session--End of an Era?" (Albert Cortez, Maria Robledo Montecel) examines educational equity issues facing legislators: school funding, including the…

IDRA Newsletter, 1998

1998-01-01

65

Federal Involvement in the Financing of Post-Secondary Education: 1991-92.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of the Canadian federal government in financing Canadian post-secondary education is described. Current policies have their origins in the 1967 establishment of a federal/provincial shared-cost arrangement. Later, a change in policy diminished the federal presence in post-secondary educational finance and placed institutions in…

Jefferson, Anne L.; Kainz, Cynthia

66

Distance Education: Improved Data on Program Costs and Guidelines on Quality Assessments Needed to Inform Federal Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Distance education--that is, offering courses by Internet, video, or other forms outside the classroomhas changed considerably in recent years and is a growing force in postsecondary education. More than a decade ago, concerns about fraud and abuse by som...

2004-01-01

67

Demographic Trends and the Federal Role in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the years, the United States has evolved a system of local, state, and national/federal educational decision-making that, according to the author, makes a smooth, well-integrated system of policy development and implementation unachievable. However, certain things can be accomplished only at the federal level, including consistent data…

Hodgkinson, Harold

2008-01-01

68

The Roles of State Departments of Education As Policy Intermediaries: Two Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the variety of state education agency (SEA) responses to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 demonstrates, different SEAs interpret the same federal educational policy differently. Nonetheless, little research has depicted how federal policies are changed by SEA-based policy intermediaries. Using an "ethnography of educational policy"…

Hamann, Edmund T.; Lane, Brett

2004-01-01

69

Federal Policy Options for Property Tax Relief.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Four policy alternatives could be used by the Federal Government for State and local property tax relief. Such relief has been sought to reduce the regressivity of the property tax, shield low - income households from large tax liabilities, enable the eld...

1977-01-01

70

Rethinking federal policy for regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic development policy is a major priority of the federal government. Over the past century, Congress has created a panoply of programs aimed at economic development in communities and regions. These programs have sprung up at different times, with different goals, and with different ways of meeting those goals. Yet taken together they add up to a big priority and

Mark Drabenstott

2006-01-01

71

Every Student Counts: The Role of Federal Policy in Improving Graduation Rate Accountability. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the poor performance of U.S. high schools has been acknowledged and come to the forefront of education policy debates over the past several years, so too has a recognition of the need to improve graduation rate calculations and accountability for increasing those rates. A range of state, national, and federal efforts have been launched toward…

Richmond, Eric

2009-01-01

72

Alternative Conceptions of the Federal Role in Education: Thinking Anew about What to Aid, and How.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critique of federal education policy discusses questionable purposes, flaws in aid-dispensing mechanisms, and undue regulatory burdens and other constraints. The proper federal role in education is described, involving information dissemination, educational improvement through federal programs, compensation, and financial assistance. (CJ)

Finn, Chester E., Jr.

1982-01-01

73

Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2003 and 2004. Public Policy Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the seventh in a biennial series summarizing state and federal public policy issues affecting higher education. The purpose is to provide board members and other higher education officials with brief descriptions of the most important public policy issues. In one way or another, most of the public policy issues cited in this paper…

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2003

2003-01-01

74

Policy Review on Adult Learning: The Adult Non-Formal Education Policy of Mali, West Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the issue of policy development for adult learning in Mali, West Africa. On January 2007, the Malian government adopted the "Adult Non-formal Education Policy Document," which was intended to regulate the adult learning sector and federate the actions of policy makers, adult education providers, and adult learners. The…

Gadio, Moussa

2011-01-01

75

The Truman Administration and Federal Aid to Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the Truman administration, the concept of federal aid to education became clearly defined and gained considerable political support. President Truman supported general aid for education as a policy consistent with the administration's overall objectives in domestic programs, but he avoided leadership because of the controversies surrounding…

McCann, Maurice

76

Does mobility of educated workers undermine decentralized education policies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper studies a multi-jurisdictional framework, in which, from a federal perspective, educational subsidies turn out to be efficiency enhancing. However, in the presence of mobile high-skilled labor, local jurisdictions might try to free-ride on other regions´education policies and abstain from subsidizing education. Social mobility is introduced as an additional dimension of labor mobility. Using this framework, it is

Christiane Schuppert

2007-01-01

77

Is Federalism the Reason for Policy Failure in Hurricane Katrina?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governmental responses to Hurricane Katrina are generally cited as policy failures. Media and popular analyses focus on the federal government's policy failures in hazard preparedness, response, and recovery. Meanwhile, disaster experts realize that disaster response is a shared intergovernmental responsibility. We examine the federal nature of natural disaster policy in the US to consider whether federalism, or other factors, had

Thomas Birkland; Sarah Waterman

2008-01-01

78

It's Not Your Mother and Father's Monetary Policy Anymore: The Federal Reserve and Financial Crisis Relief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent financial crisis brought about dramatic changes in the way that the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank, conducts monetary policy. One challenge for high school educators going forward will be to strike a balance between the teaching of traditional monetary policy and the teaching of the monetary policy used during these…

Hill, Andrew T.; Wood, William C.

2011-01-01

79

New Mexico Art Educators and Educational Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the author's graduate studies in the art education program at the University of New Mexico, he conducted a small research study on issues related to New Mexico's educational policies. His interest was motivated by the lack of attention paid to the policy and legislation that affects the art education field in his state. The author…

Arnold, Kendra L.

2006-01-01

80

Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the 2000 edition of the "Education Policy Analysis Archives." The papers include: (1) "Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: A Review of State Policy Evidence" (Linda Darling-Hammond); (2) "America Y2K: The Obsolescence of Educational Reforms" (Sherman Dorn); (3) "Forces for Change in Mathematics Education: The Case of…

Glass, Gene V., Ed.

2000-01-01

81

75 FR 38999 - Federal Perkins Loan Program: Federal Family Education Loan Program and William D. Ford Federal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Perkins Loan Program: Federal Family Education Loan Program and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program AGENCY: Office of Postsecondary...Perkins Loan), Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL), and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) program...

2010-07-07

82

Policy Making in Educational Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines policy, discusses the impact of internal and external environments on educational policy, details the advantage of viewing school systems from the organizational perspective, outlines some implications of board-formulated policies, and presents some generalizations for policy-making. (Author/IRT)

Ratsoy, Eugene W.

1976-01-01

83

The Intersection of Policy, Reform, and Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy affecting teacher education evolves from a wide range of sources, including public perceptions and attitudes, federal initiatives, current trends in public schools and higher education, the visions and whims of politicians, and the profession's own initiatives. No matter how it emerges, it is not unusual for policy ebbs and flows to result…

Wiseman, Donna L.

2012-01-01

84

Belgian Federal Science Policy Office: Trophos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supported by the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office, Trophos is a cooperative Belgian and Dutch project aimed "at a better understanding of the processes structuring the higher trophic levels in the North Sea." The Trophos website includes sections on project Objectives, Background, Activities, Databases, and Partners. The Background section contains a list of relevant publications, and brief coverage of research topics from a former research project on Structural and Functional Biodiversity of North Sea Ecosystems. The Activities section provides Field Work information from sampling cruises, as well as lists of Scientific Publications including PhD Theses, Peer-reviewed Journals, and more.

85

Health Policy Formulation on a Federal Level, Process and Substance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors which influence the federal government's policy toward health care include cost, technology, social values, federalism, interest group politics, increased federal involvement, and the current utilitarian attitude toward research. The interaction of these factors results in a complex process of policy formation. For example, when the…

Stambler, Moses

86

Update on federal tight sands incentive policies  

SciTech Connect

Recognizing the great potential of increased domestic tight sands production in reducing imports of foreign energy, several branches of the federal government have initiated policies to encourage development of this resource. However, these policies have been slow in formulation, and some are potentially in conflict with each other. Two characteristics of tight sands gas have led to it being singled out for special regulatory treatment. Production from tight sands usually requires the implementation of expensive enhanced recovery techniques, such as hydraulic fracturing, to make development commercially feasible. This has limited production from tight sands to approximately 1 tcf annually. Second, tight sands gas resources have the potential for doubling domestic, commercially recoverable natural gas reserves. This study discusses the current status of pricing mechanisms affecting tight sands and emerging trends for tight sands incentives.

Buch, L.

1980-11-01

87

Crafting Coherence from Complex Policy Messages: Educators' Perceptions of Special Education and Standards-Based Accountability Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal special education and accountability policies requires that educators individualize instruction for students with disabilities, while simultaneously ensuring that the vast majority of these students meet age-based grade-level standards and assessment targets. In this paper, we examine this dynamic interplay between policies through…

Russell, Jennifer Lin; Bray, Laura E.

2013-01-01

88

Medical Marijuana Policy and the Virtues of Federalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the policy issue of medical marijuana to illustrate how key virtues of federalism can be used to make a threshold determination as to whether a particular public policy should be subject to federal regulation or reserved for states. When the substantive merits of the policy issue are currently debated and unresolved, and that issue area has traditionally been

J. Mitchell Pickerill; Paul Chen

2008-01-01

89

Federal Aid to Elementary and Secondary Education: Premises, Effects, and Major Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to inform federal education policy by examining Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and two federal efforts to improve teacher quality, the Eisenhower Professional Development Program and the highly qualified teacher provisions of the No Child Left…

Manna, Paul

2008-01-01

90

Understanding the Relationship of Federal Policies and Community Colleges: A Proposed Analytical Policy Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of two community colleges and ten community college administrators to determine whether federal policies had influence on these institutions. Proposes a new policy framework, based on the findings, with five dimensions: (1) federal research support; (2) federal tax laws; (3) federal student financial aid; (4) funded mandates; and…

Lovell, Cheryl D.

2000-01-01

91

State Consumer Education Policy Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a compilation of state policies in consumer education. It is based on a national survey, conducted in 1978 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS), of the 50 states and Washington, D.C. Intended for use by policymakers, administrators, curriculum specialists, and consumer educators, the manual defines consumer education as…

Alexander, Robert J.

92

59 FR- Federal Perkins Loan Program, Federal Work-Study Programs, and Federal Supplemental Educational...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and community service- learning opportunities. (3...comprehensive work-learning programs including...Community-based work-learning alternatives that expand...education and student development. (b) Federal...

1994-11-30

93

Indian Education: Policy and Politics, 1972-1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1972 to 1982 the Canadian federal government made unilateral decisions about Indian education while purporting to accept the National Indian Brotherhood's policy document, "Indian Control of Indian Education." Examples include the government's handling of cuts in the noon lunch supplement program, educational services to off-reserve Indians,…

Ward, Margaret S.

1986-01-01

94

The Federal Role in Science and Engineering Graduate and Postdoctoral Education  

NSF Publications Database

The Federal government must recognize in its policies and administrative requirements that research and education are integrated in the academic environment and insure that accounting requirements for academic research support objectives of the Federal/university partnership in advanced science and engineering education. Is Federal support for graduate and postdoctoral research and education sufficiently sensitive to the important contributions to the national science and engineering research...

95

Materials sciences: Federal policies, research and technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book reviews current federal policy, research, and technology transfer in the area of materials sciences. The U.S. has considerable involvement and funding in materials sciences, along with the capabilities and facilities to make tremendous progress in the next decade. However, effective federal policies and regulations will be needed to minimize the impacts of minerals and materials shortages, and the

1987-01-01

96

Federal Policies Regarding Scientific Integrity in Biomedical Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing federal government policies and systems to protect against scientific misconduct in government-supported research projects are described, and additional considerations not covered in federal policy are enumerated. Misconduct inquiries and review procedures are outlined. Applicant and institutional responsibility and the role of prevention…

Gordon, Stephen L.

1992-01-01

97

Education Policy, Growth and Welfare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper studies the general equilibrium implications of two types of education policy in an overlapping generations model. We examine education transfers, which augment inherited private education spending, and public investment on economy-wide human capital, which provides externalities to individual human capital accumulation. The…

Benos, Nikos

2010-01-01

98

Educational Turbulence: The Influence of Macro and Micro-Policy on Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enactment of federal educational policy has direct implications for states and local school districts across the nation, particularly in the areas of accountability and funding. This study utilized constructivist grounded theory to examine the impact of policy on science education reform in a large, urban school district over a 5-year period. The…

Johnson, Carla C.

2013-01-01

99

Patent Policy: Recent Changes in Federal Law Considered Beneficial.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal agencies have an inventory of more than 24,000 patented inventions but have had only modest success in marketing them. To stimulate the use of federally funded technology, the government has made several changes in federal patent policy that give ...

1987-01-01

100

How federalism shapes public health financing, policy, and program options.  

PubMed

In the United States, fiscal and functional federalism strongly shape public health policy and programs. Federalism has implications for public health practice: it molds financing and disbursement options, including funding formulas, which affect allocations and program goals, and shapes how funding decisions are operationalized in a political context. This article explores how American federalism, both fiscal and functional, structures public health funding, policy, and program options, investigating the effects of intergovernmental transfers on public health finance and programs. PMID:22635185

Ogden, Lydia L

2012-01-01

101

FEDERAL PROGRAMS FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE GROWTH AND PROGRESS OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION IS DESCRIBED. GRANTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF NONCOMMERCIAL TELEVISION (TV) BROADCASTING STATIONS (EDUCATIONAL TV FACILITIES ACT), GRANTS OF SURPLUS PROPERTY UNDER THE NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT HAVE AIDED THE GROWTH OF EDUCATIONAL TV. GREATER USE IS MADE OF EDUCATIONAL TV BECAUSE OF GREATER USE…

BYSTROM, JOHN W.

102

Academic Science, Higher Education, and the Federal Government, 1950-1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal involvement in higher education during 1950-1983 is reviewed. Policies and programs that have governed federal support of academic science and higher education are considered, particularly support for basic scientific research. The Soviet's success with Sputnik promoted change from modest funding for defense-related research at selected…

Wilson, John T.

103

The Federal Role in Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the history of federal support for nursing education since the 1930s, including the recent establishment of the National Center for Nursing Research. She covers the future likelihood of funding cuts and strategies for retrenchment. (CH)

Abdellah, Faye G.

1987-01-01

104

Gender, Sexuality and Sex Education: Discourse and the Policy Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine discourses of gender and sexuality around federal sex education policy in the United States from two distinct points in the policymaking process: the policy development stage and the implementation stage. Using a grounded theory approach, we examine congressional hearings and floor speeches to understand how discourses of gender and sexuality operated during the development of

Leah Curran Moon; Susanne Beechey

105

Policy approach to federalism: cases of public lands and water policy  

SciTech Connect

This study considers the relationship of federalism to public lands and water policy, challenging the prevailing wisdom that federalism is irrelevant and questioning the eagerness with which structural solutions are embraced. It argues that a more thorough understanding of how federalism works in public lands and water policy is a necessary first step toward understanding federal-state relations. Seeking identifiable patterns of politics, this study reviews the voluminous federalism literature and applies the theories of dual and cooperative federalism to the history of public lands and water policy, and to five contemporary controversies. A policy perspective on federalism was developed that adds levels of government to discussions of arenas and policy types. It finds that federal-level decision makers are more willing to make policy when policies can potentially reflect federal-level advantages such as broad geographic jurisdiction, general rule-making capability, constitutional powers or opportunities to offer divisible benefits. State-level decision makers will resist federal policies when they disagree with policy goals or methods, lack necessary resources, or perceive unfair burdens. Thus, the state role includes states acting as claimants in distributive politics, as conduits in self-regulatory politics, as platforms for disadvantaged interests in regulatory politics, or as supplicants in redistributive politics. Further, shifts from one policy type to another serve to signal major structural shifts.

Bradley, D.M.

1986-01-01

106

41 CFR 102-74.440 - What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property? 102-74.440...MANAGEMENT Conduct on Federal Property Weapons § 102-74.440 What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property? Federal law...

2013-07-01

107

Education Policy Making in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen papers and a speech address the theme of who makes education policy in Australia. Kwong Lee Dow's address assesses national planning in uncertain times and urges flexibility. John Steinle outlines the operation of Australian policy-making and recommends developing think tanks. Edward Holdaway analyzes the complex relationship between…

Broadbent, R. F., Ed.

108

Shaping the Education Policy Dialogue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One important hallmark of William Lowe Boyd's scholarship was his uncanny ability to identify and articulate changes in the key ideas that shape and reshape scholarly, professional, and public discussions of educational policy and politics. Whether one thinks about debates over centralization and decentralization of policy control, changes in…

Mitchell, Douglas E.; Crowson, Robert L.; Shipps, Dorothy

2011-01-01

109

Sex Education in the United States: Policy and Politics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the federal, state, and local policies that guide approaches to sex education in the United States today (comprehensive curricula versus abstinence only), examining recent research into community-level experiences and practices as well as emerging evidence about the effectiveness of different types of sex education curricula. (SM)

American Journal of Health Education, 2002

2002-01-01

110

Federal Reserve personal financial education initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the importance of successful personal financial management to individuals and the broader economy, the Federal Reserve System has in the past two years intensified its efforts to provide and promote personal financial education. Initiatives have ranged from a public outreach effort highlighting the importance of financial education, to local and regional Reserve Bank programs targeted to specific audiences, to

Lynn Fox; Joy Hoffmann

2004-01-01

111

Policy Implications of Education Informatics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: This concluding article identifies the policy implications of education informatics and explores impacts of current copyright laws, legislative structures, publishing practices, and education organizations. Synthesizing the discussions in the preceding articles, this article highlights the importance of designing information…

Carr, Jo Ann; O'Brien, Nancy P.

2010-01-01

112

Uniform Federal Policy for Implementing Environmental Quality Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uniform Federal Policy for Implementing Environmental Quality Systems (UFP) outlines essential elements of a Quality System for management of environmental data collection and use and environmental technology programs. The UFP will serve as a high-lev...

2003-01-01

113

Federal Family and Disability Policy: Special Relevance for Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews federal policy affecting families who have children or adult members with disabilities, particularly but not exclusively developmental disabilities. It reviews the federal statutes and family-and-disability related decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court and the other courts. It then reviews the research on current family support…

Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III; Stowe, Matthew J.; Agosta, John; Turnbull, Ann P.; Schrandt, M. Suzanne; Muller, John F.

2007-01-01

114

Federal Policy toward Youth Employment: An Historical and Political Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of Federal policies affecting youth employment has gone through five critical periods during the 20th century. The period began with the failure of child labor reformers to obtain Federal intervention in youth labor markets. The New Deal greatly enhanced a reversal of the trend. Development of the Great Society programs provided an…

McIntire, James L.

115

Do Federal Education Programs Interfere with One Another?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to explore the interactions among federal education programs on the local level. Federal education programs work almost exclusively through the local education agency (LEA). Federal programs can work only if the LEAs can meet the aggregate requirements they impose. The burdens imposed by federal programs are of two…

Hill, Paul T.

116

School-Age Parents: Federal Programs and Policies Relevant to Pregnant or Parenting Secondary Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal programs and policies that affect pregnant and parenting teenagers, particularly those programs that are of relevance to schools, are briefly described. The main categories of programs and legislation described are: (1) those bearing on teenage parents and education; (2) pre-school programs; (3) day care; (4) welfare; (5) social services;…

Moore, Kristin A.

117

Globalisation, Transnational Policies and Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education--This paper examines policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. Both these entities address adult education as an explicit object of policy. This paper…

Milana, Marcella

2012-01-01

118

Shaping Education Policy: Power and Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Shaping Education Policy" is a comprehensive overview of education politics and policy during the most turbulent and rapidly changing period in American history. Respected scholars review the history of education policy to explain the political powers and processes that shape education today. Chapters cover major themes that have influenced…

Mitchell, Douglas E., Ed.; Crowson, Robert L., Ed.; Shipps, Dorothy, Ed.

2011-01-01

119

Report on Indian Education--Task Force Five: Indian Education--Final Report to the American Indian Policy Review Commission.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report of the Task Force on Indian Education to the American Indian Policy Review Commission delineates the interweaving of past policies and practices with present needs and concerns of Indian education. Reviewing 400 years of Indian education, the report was compiled from federal, state, local, and private records, public hearings,…

Scheirbeck, Helen Maynor; And Others

120

Parent Opinion of Sexuality Education in a State with Mandated Abstinence Education: Does Policy Match Parental Preference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Despite public debate about the content of sexuality education in schools, state and federal policy has increasingly financed and legislated abstinence-only education over the past decade. Although public schools strive to meet the needs of parents who, as taxpayers, fund the educational system, little is known about parental desires regarding sexuality education in states with mandated abstinence education. The

Kristin E. Ito; Ziya Gizlice; Judy Owen-O; Evelyn Foust; Peter A. Leone; William C. Miller

2006-01-01

121

Science of Science Policy: A Federal Research Roadmap.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document, 'The Science of Science Policy: A Federal Research Roadmap,' was developed in response to a challenge for a new 'science of science policy' that will begin to address the need for better scientific theories and analytical tools for improvin...

2008-01-01

122

Canadian Federal Government Policy and Canada's Electronic Information Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the history and process of information policy in Canada during the period from 1970 to 1994. Discusses the relationship of the Canadian federal government and the electronic information industry, crown copyright, the financial environment in the context of government policy, and recent developments. (235 references) (Author/AEF)

Morton, Bruce

1995-01-01

123

Impacts of Federal Policies and Programs on Wetlands  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Resources For the Future has recently posted this publication (.pdf format) by Pierre Crosson and Kenneth Frederick on the impacts of Federal policies and programs on riparian wetlands. The authors review policies from wetland drainage to wetland restoration and creation, and highlight the need for research in several areas including farmer incentives, physical characteristics of wetlands, social values for wetlands, and mitigation banking.

124

Computer software: federal policy for a critical technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is suggested that a federal policy to promote software for commercial as well as military needs is justified based on the many needs the US has for software, and the inability of the private sector alone to adequately advance the technology required to meet those needs. Since the government has already taken significant steps toward a dual-use software policy,

K. J. Catalanotto

1993-01-01

125

Recent Trends in Intergovernmental Relations: The Resurgence of Local Actors in Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, the authors explore trends in intergovernmental relations (IGR) by analyzing recent education policies--No Child Left Behind Act, Common Core State Standards, and local empowerment policies. Identifying a resurgent role for local actors in education policy, the authors argue that recent federal efforts to exert more control have in…

Marsh, Julie A.; Wohlstetter, Priscilla

2013-01-01

126

The Structure of Federal Policy: Deciphering the United States Code  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CSWE mandates the study of social welfare policy, its history, and its evaluation; thus, assignments that require students to select policy for study are common. Educators provide frameworks for analysis but may not address the prerequisite step of locating policy for study, so students flounder in government documents without the tools to…

Staller, Karen M.

2004-01-01

127

41 CFR 102-74.435 - What is the policy concerning explosives on Federal property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What is the policy concerning explosives on Federal property? 102-74.435...MANAGEMENT Conduct on Federal Property Explosives § 102-74.435 What is the policy concerning explosives on Federal property? No person...

2013-07-01

128

78 FR 74130 - Federal Reserve Policy on Payment System Risk; Procedures for Measuring Daylight Overdrafts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM [Docket No. OP-1472] Federal Reserve Policy on Payment System Risk; Procedures for Measuring Daylight...Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. ACTION: Policy Statement;...

2013-12-10

129

The Relationship of Federal Educational Expenditures and Federal Public Assistance Expenditures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a study that determined if there is a significant relationship between federal expenditures for education and federal expenditures for public assistance. Data on federal primary and secondary educational expenditures, federal public-assistance expenditures, the number of public-assistance recipients, the enrollment…

Presley, Charles F.

130

EDUCATION POLICY ANALYSIS ARCHIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article has two inseparable aims: (a) to analyse the relative merits of single-sex and co-educational constructs on self-concept, academic performance and academic engagement; (b) to investigate the manner in which each type of schooling interacts with the individual student; student \\

Ian Clark

131

IEA Studies and Educational Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

IEA studies hold the promise of meeting governments’ needs to obtain information on how their educational system operates relative to other systems, which may help to identify deficiencies and strengths. In this paper, ways in which this information might influence policy and decision?making are described and examples are provided of cases in which the findings of IEA studies have been

Thomas Kellaghan

1996-01-01

132

Education Policy Analysis Archives, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the 21 articles published in the electronic journal "Education Policy Analysis Archives" for the year 1996. The articles are: (1) "The Political Legacy of School Accountability Systems" (Sherman Dorn); (2) "Review of Stephen Arons's 'Short Route to Chaos'" (Charles L. Glenn); (3) "Planting Land Mines in Common Ground: A…

Glass, Gene V., Ed.

1998-01-01

133

Key State Education Policies on PK-12 Education: 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Key State Education Policies on PK-12 Education is intended to inform policymakers and educators about the current status of key education policies that define and shape elementary and secondary education in public schools across the 50 states. The report is part of a continuing series by the Council's State Education Indicators program.…

Stillman, Laura; Blank, Rolf K.

2009-01-01

134

Beyond the VEA. The Federal Presence in Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay seeks to illustrate the broad contours of federal assistance for vocational education and training by describing the wide range of federal programs that support occupational education and training. (SSH)

Hartle, Terry W.; Rosenfeld, Stuart

1984-01-01

135

Strong Federal Policies Benefit Local Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uncle Sam has expanded his reach into the nation's schools during the last five decades. Those forays frequently have been motivated by concerns over equity and a growing interest in promoting academic excellence. An overall working assumption has been that federal prodding and assistance could help encourage states and localities to better meet…

Manna, Paul

2009-01-01

136

Federal Policies and the Medical Devices Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To protect the public from unsafe and ineffective medical devices, a 1976 law expanded the Food and Drug Administration's authority. But FDA has not implemented major portions of the law, and some sections may not be workable. Amendments to the Federal Fo...

1984-01-01

137

Guiding Policy Principles for Higher Education. Policy Note. Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principal priorities for the Group of Eight (Go8) with regard to higher education policy are coherence and sustainability. Good public policy is based on principle and backed by evidence. This paper offers an interlinked set of principles for the development of higher education policy in Australia.

Group of Eight (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

138

Policies on Private Education: An Economics Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic principles and analytical methods of economics are used to conduct a preliminary study of state policies for private education in China. It is evident that if public policy is to exert a positive effect on private education, the government must formulate policies at a higher level for private education and give equal attention to choice,…

Fengqiao, Yan

2009-01-01

139

Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Navigator" is a free newsletter published by the Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) focusing on directions and trends in higher education policy. The theme of this issue is: "Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations." The lead article, authored by CHEPA director William G. Tierney, describes CHEPA's study of the…

Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis, University of Southern California, 2007

2007-01-01

140

Policy and practice in doctoral education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents findings from a national study on doctoral education undertaken at a time of new government policies on funding of higher education and doctoral research in particular. The article discusses the overall policy developments in Australia and then examines the impact of policy on practice in doctoral education. Particular focus is given to changes in the nature of

Ruth Neumann

2007-01-01

141

Update on U.S. federal scientific integrity policies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

U.S. federal science and technology departments and agencies need to provide draft scientific integrity plans to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) by 29 June, OSTP director John Holdren announced at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Forum on Science and Technology Policy on 5 May. In April, more than 30 executive branch departments, agencies, and offices submitted progress reports on the development of their scientific integrity policies, with a handful by that time providing draft or complete policies for review, according to a 5 May OSTP blog posting.

Showstack, Randy

2011-05-01

142

Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Policy Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policies and problems of education for the homeless are discussed. The analysis is organized in four main sections. The first describes trends, dimensions, and difficulties of homelessness among children and youth. This section is based on various reports, especially those required by federal legislation. The second section reports and interprets…

Bowen, Jeffrey M.; And Others

143

Guide to Federal Funding in Career Education, Education and Work and Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure by the Coordinating Committee on Research in Vocational Education (CCRVE) for prospective grantees and contractors provides information on the various kinds of federal funding for research, development, and demonstration projects available in vocational education, career education, and education and work. It discusses these federal

Coordinating Committee on Research in Vocational Education (ED), Washington, DC.

144

Language Policy, Politics, and Diversity in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Review of Research in Education: Vol. 38, Language Policy, Politics, and Diversity in Education" explores the role of educational language policies in promoting education as a human right. There are an estimated nearly 7,000 living languages in the world. Yet, despite the extent of language diversity, only a small number of the…

Wiley, Terrence G.; Garcia, David R.; Danzig, Arnold B.; Stigler, Monica L.

2014-01-01

145

Arts Education Policy in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights the various educational trends and policies in relation to arts education in the Latin American countries from the 16th to the 19th centuries. Summarizes the arts education policies in Latin American throughout the 20th century focusing on teaching in the arts and the role of educational research. (CMK)

Cristina De Couve, Alicia; Dal Pino, Claudia; Calvo, Diana Fernandez; Frega, Ana Lucia; Souza, Jusamara

1998-01-01

146

Federal and State Roles in the Education of Indians: The California Experience, 1850-1934.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report investigated the educational policy of Federal and state governments toward American Indians in California from 1850 to 1934. In California the fate of official efforts and non-efforts at educating Indians can be divided into 3 distinct periods. The period between 1849 and 1870 was a time when virtually nothing was attempted. Between…

Hendrick, Irving G.

147

78 FR 14776 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Educational Opportunity Grant Programs; 2013-2014 Award Year Deadline Dates AGENCY: Federal...SUMMARY: The Secretary announces the 2013-2014 award year deadline dates for the submission...The following table provides the 2013-2014 award year deadline dates for the...

2013-03-07

148

A Policy Analysis of the Federal Growth Model Pilot Program's Measures of School Performance: The Florida Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As test-based educational accountability has moved to the forefront of national and state education policy, so has the desire for better measures of school performance. No Child Left Behind's (NCLB) status and safe harbor measures have been criticized for being unfair and unreliable, respectively. In response to such criticism, in 2005 the federal

Weiss, Michael J.; May, Henry

2012-01-01

149

A literature review of the market effects of federal biofuel policy and recommendations for future policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States has had a federal biofuels policy since the 1970s. The purpose of this policy was to help the development of a biofuel industry during a time of high fuel prices in order to provide a domestic alternative to expensive foreign oil. Later the policy was changed to help lower the environmental impact caused by conventional fuels. Since that time the industry has grown and currently produces around 15 billion gallons of biofuels every year. The current federal biofuel policy is largely based on one program, the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), which mandates the production and blending of several different classes of biofuels and provides a form of subsidy to the biofuel industry. This paper examines the market effects of the federal biofuel policy and provides recommendations for improving the policy to counteract any negative effects. Federal biofuel policy has many far-reaching market effects. Some are easily calculable through expenditures and lost revenues, while others are harder to quantify because their full effects are not yet known. By evaluating these market effects, this paper will provide ample evidence that the federal biofuels policy needs to change, and will show what effects these changes could induce. The biofuels industry largely owes its existence to government policies, however as the research shows the industry can now stand on its own. This paper will examine what will happen if the federal policy is eliminated and what the future of the biofuels industry could hold. Based on these examinations, it is unlikely that the industry needs further government support and policies should be adjusted in light of this.

Ayers, Alex Elgin

150

Civic Skills and Federal Policy. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizens can improve their communities, the government, and the nation through active civic engagement and collaboration. To do so requires skills. Educational programs and other government-supported initiatives have been shown to enhance Americans' civic skills and their levels of engagement. But these programs and other opportunities are scarce…

Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE), 2010

2010-01-01

151

Coordinating Committee on Education-Related Federal Equipment. Interim Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive Order 12821 encourages Federal departments and agencies to assist elementary and secondary educational institutions with mathematics and science education programs to meet the National Education Goals. The Executive Order established a committee responsible for assessing the availability of education-related Federal equipment and…

Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC. Programs for the Improvement of Practice.

152

Federal Requirements for the Evaluation of Vocational Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine how vocational education programs should be evaluated, it is first necessary to define vocational education, to describe how vocational education programs are now being evaluated, to find out how other federal education programs are evaluated, and to suggest what criteria might reasonably be set out in future federal

Haney, Walt

153

Federal Programs For Higher Education. Needed Next Steps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statement by the American Council on Education reviews the educational achievements of the past decade and explores ways by which existing and future federal programs can promote greater financial stability in a critical national endeavor. Major goals of the present systems of federal support for higher education include greater educational

American Council on Education, Washington, DC.

154

Special Education in First Nations Schools in Canada: Policies of Cost Containment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education of First Nations students in Canada on reserve is the legal responsibility of the federal government. This article reviews and critiques the federal government's past and current special education policies and practices in regard to First Nations schools throughout Canada. The author has found that rather than establishing a…

Phillips, Ron

2010-01-01

155

Federal Freedom of Information Policy: Highlights of Recent Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the Federal government of the United States, freedom of information policy is expressed in statutory law--the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), enacted in 1966, being the first such expression in this regard. Other transparency laws would follow. The FOIA, however, was legislated in the face of considerable opposition by the executive branch.…

Relyea, Harold C.

2009-01-01

156

Pharmaceutical policy reform in the Russian Federation.  

PubMed

Of Russia's 142 million citizens, fewer than 20 million are enrolled in outpatient drug coverage plans. The current government aims to establish universal health insurance including outpatient medicines. Based on the current political and regulatory environment, this report explores pharmaceutical pricing options for Russia that balance greater access to medicines with achieving government plans of boosting local pharmaceutical production. To match innovative medicine prices with their health benefits, in the long run, we suggest that Russia consider adopting value-based pricing, and in the short term, that it introduce direct price negotiations and price drugs according to reference countries that use health technology assessment. Although generic market shares are high, generic medicine prices are higher than they should be. We propose tenders at the manufacturer level for the pricing of high-selling generics, and free pricing for products with sufficient market competition. These policy recommendations are a jumping-off point for further discussion about how pharmaceutical policy could aid this major economy to achieve its population health and health service goals. PMID:24603082

Rudisill, Caroline; Vandoros, Sotiris; Antoun, Joseph George

2014-06-01

157

Energy issues and policies in the Federal Republic of Germany  

SciTech Connect

Energy policy in the Federal Republic of Germany is characterized essentially by a broad consensus regarding the objective ''Weg vom Oel''-break away from oil exclamation-and by a major societal conflict concerning the choice of a path that will lead to a new energy system. The present review of West Germany's response to the oil crisis underscores the multidimensionality of the underlying political controversy. Intense parliamentary debates, massive litigation against, and occasionally violent resistance to the implementation of policy measures recur at federal, state, and local levels. At stake is not simply the choice of the most economical techniques for supplying, converting, and utilizing energy. The central issue to be resolved is how the citizens of the Federal Republic wish to live in the future.

Meyer-Abich, K.M.; Dickler, R.A.

1982-01-01

158

Roots of Decline: How Government Policy Has De-Educated Teachers of Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of this paper document how federal policy on child care and early education led to a decline in wages and education among staff in early childhood programs. The paper analyzes labor trends for the early care and education workforce over the past 25 years--notably, an overall decrease in educational qualifications, and persistent wage…

Bellm, Dan; Whitebook, Marcy

2006-01-01

159

Partisanship and Ideology in the ESEA Reauthorization in the 106th and 107th Congresses: Foundations for the New Political Landscape of Federal Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2002, Republican President George W. Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, the reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965. The most conservative congressional Republicans, who opposed the bill's extensive new testing mandates and absence of school voucher provisions, were largely left out in…

DeBray, Elizabeth H.

2005-01-01

160

Policy Inroads Undermining Women in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decades, policy trends have differentially and negatively affected women educators, defied, denied or repressed feminist values and missed opportunities for using feminist insights to reframe policy issues. This article provides a critical feminist analysis of educational and social policies with negative implications for women in…

Marshall, Catherine; Young, Michelle

2013-01-01

161

Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City: Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Banks scattered around the United States all maintain a strong educational component as part of their outreach work within the communities they serve. This nice section of the Kansas City branch's site includes free economic and personal finance resources for educators, bankers, and consumers. The Resources area is a great place to start as it contains lesson plans that are appropriate for K-12 audiences. Moving on, the Consumer Education area includes resources on foreclosure trends, credit card protections, and helpful tips for shopping for a mortgage. Additionally, the site contains a place where visitors can sign up to receive updates on various branch activities and a link to the branch's RSS feed.

162

Transforming Higher Education: Implications for State Higher Education Finance Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how information technology is transforming higher education (asynchronous learning, distance education, customized program structure, customized delivery, outcome-based programs, collaboration, and competition) and discusses implications for state higher education finance policy (competition, student costs, collaboration, and…

Matthews, Dewayne

1998-01-01

163

BERA review 2006: education research and policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The review examines the relationship between educational research and policy, from the post?war period to the present, throughout the United Kingdom. Its purpose is to (a) illuminate the changing relationship between education research and policy, and (b) to clarify the different ways in which that relationship is understood. Its overarching purpose is to enable the education research community to locate

Delma Byrne; Jenny Ozga

2008-01-01

164

Effective Communication in Educational Policy Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail and other telecommunications processes may prove to be valuable tools for the active involvement of educators in legislative and policy development. Involving educators in regulations development could reduce implementation problems significantly. Using electronic media to disseminate policy information to educational agencies and…

Wooten, Charles L.; Wooten, Sharon M.

165

Who Makes Education Policy in Latvia?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the process of educational policy making in Latvia, discussing why it has been so complicated and examining the role of the Ministry of Education and Sciences. The article introduces the new educational sector policy paper recently distributed by the Soros Foundation--Latvia, "A Passport to Social Cohesion and Economic Prosperity: Report…

Dedze, Indra; Catlaks, Guntars

2001-01-01

166

Analyzing Educational Policies: A Learning Design Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we describe and illustrate an analytical perspective in which educational policies are viewed as designs for supporting learning. From the learning design perspective, a policy comprises 3 components that we term the what, how, and "why of policy": the goals for the learning of members of the group targeted by the policy, the…

Cobb, Paul; Jackson, Kara

2012-01-01

167

Funding Special Education by Total District Enrollment: Advantages, Disadvantages, and Policy Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several states and the federal government distribute aid for special education programs based primarily on total district enrollment and a fixed aid amount per student, a method called "census funding." In this policy brief, we address three questions to help policy makers, educators, and researchers better understand census-funding…

Dhuey, Elizabeth; Lipscomb, Stephen

2013-01-01

168

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 9, Number 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Informing Adolescent Literacy Policy and Practice": Alliance Brief Offers Lessons Learned from Federal Efforts to Improve…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

2009-01-01

169

Policy Research and National and State Evaluation Studies of Vocational-Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational-technical education has neglected the area of policy research, not because Federal support preempts the policy-making role, but for a combination of reasons: (1) adverse reaction to a vocational-technical program is not welcomed by its authors and benefactors, (2) vocational-technical educators are not typically researchers, (3) the…

Schaefer, Carl J.

170

Cost-Effectiveness and Educational Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Techniques of cost-effectiveness analysis and their applications to educational policy are discussed. Recommendations are made to increase the capacity of evaluators, policy analysts, and decision makers to use these tools appropriately for resource allocation. (SLD)

Levin, Henry M.

1988-01-01

171

Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2005 and 2006. Public Policy Paper Series No. 05-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the eighth in the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) biennial series summarizing federal and state public-policy issues affecting higher education. This document's list of top public-policy issues comprises a daunting inventory for boards and chief executives to consider. Security demands of the…

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2005

2005-01-01

172

77 FR 24337 - Establishing Policies for Addressing Domestic Violence in the Federal Workforce  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Establishing Policies for Addressing Domestic Violence in the Federal Workforce Presidential...Establishing Policies for Addressing Domestic Violence in the Federal Workforce Memorandum...1994 (Public Law 103-322), domestic violence remains a significant...

2012-04-23

173

3 CFR - Establishing Policies for Addressing Domestic Violence in the Federal Workforce  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Establishing Policies for Addressing Domestic Violence in the Federal Workforce Presidential...Establishing Policies for Addressing Domestic Violence in the Federal Workforce ...1994 (Public Law 103-322), domestic violence remains a significant...

2013-01-01

174

75 FR 60264 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Encouraging Contractor Policies To Ban Text Messaging While Driving  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Encouraging Contractor Policies To Ban Text Messaging While Driving AGENCIES: Department...entitled ``Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging while Driving.'' This Executive...policy is to prevent the unsafe practice of text messaging by Federal contractors...

2010-09-29

175

41 CFR 102-77.10 - What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal agencies...REAL PROPERTY 77-ART-IN-ARCHITECTURE General Provisions § 102-77.10 What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal...

2013-07-01

176

41 CFR 102-77.10 - What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal agencies...REAL PROPERTY 77-ART-IN-ARCHITECTURE General Provisions § 102-77.10 What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal...

2009-07-01

177

41 CFR 102-77.10 - What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal agencies...REAL PROPERTY 77-ART-IN-ARCHITECTURE General Provisions § 102-77.10 What basic Art-in-Architecture policy governs Federal...

2010-07-01

178

Education: Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every Federal Reserve Bank has an education outreach component; the branch in Kansas City has a full range of offerings for the general public. Visitors can go through News Releases, Banker Resources, Speeches, and Economic Symposium portions of the site. There is also a useful For You area. The In the Classroom section is a treasure, as it contains grade-specific activities, lesson plans, and personal finance overviews. There are fascinating anecdotes found in the Financial Fables area, combining economics and personal finance into life lessons that feature money morals. Visitors should also read the "It Makes Good Sense" book, which deals with earning, saving, and spending.

179

Changing the Game: The Federal Role in Supporting 21st Century Educational Innovation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Brookings Institution has had a long-standing interest in the American system of education, and this thoughtful 73-page report takes a close look at how the federal government might best intervene in this particular area of American society. The report was released in October 2008, and it was authored by Sara Mead and Andrew J. Rotherham. In their report, the authors suggest that the federal government should create a new federal Office of Educational Entrepreneurship and Innovation within the Department of Education. The general premise behind such a policy idea is that such an office would "expand the boundaries of public education by scaling up successful education entrepreneurs, seeding transformative educational innovations, and building a stronger culture to support these activities throughout the public sector." The report contains eight chapters, an executive summary, and a set of conclusions.

Mead, Sara; Rotherham, Andrew J.

2008-12-10

180

Reproducing Gender? Discourses of Gender and Sexuality in Federally-Funded Sex Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The construction of gender and sexuality in school-based sex education plays an instrumental role in the creation of U.S. teens' sexual subjectivities as well as in their reproductive health and educational equity outcomes. Currently, however, little is known about how federally-funded sex education curricula treat gender and sexuality, and the policy debate is limited to whether or not school-based sex

Leah Curran

181

Tobacco control in the Russian Federation- a policy analysis  

PubMed Central

Background The Russian Federation (Russia) has one of the highest smoking rates in the world. The purpose of this study is to analyze past and current trends of the tobacco epidemic in the Russian Federation, review current tobacco control policy responses, and identify areas of opportunity for policy priorities. Methods We used a policy triangle as analytical framework to examine content, context, and processes of Russian tobacco control policy. The analysis was based on secondary data on supply and demand sides of the Russian tobacco epidemic, tobacco-related economic and health effects during Russia’s economic transition, and compliance of Russian tobacco policy with international standards and regulations. Results Tobacco-promoting strategies have specifically targeted women and youth. Russia’s approval of a “National Tobacco Control Concept” and draft for a comprehensive tobacco control bill increasingly align national legislature with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). However, several structural and cultural factors represent substantial barriers to the policy process. The influence of transnational tobacco companies on policy processes in Russia has so far impeded a full implementation of the FCTC mandates. Conclusions Several strategies have been identified as having the potential to reduce the prevalence of tobacco use in Russia and decrease tobacco-related national health and economic burden: adjusting national tobacco policy by raising tobacco tax from the current lowest level in Europe to at least 70%; consequent enforcement of a complete smoking ban in public places; marketing restrictions; and smoking cessation interventions integrated into primary care. Russia’s tobacco control efforts need to target women and youths specifically to efficiently counter industry efforts.

2013-01-01

182

Educational Policy. Highlights of the Lyndon B. Johnson Memorial Symposium on Educational Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy is developed at many levels in the educational bureaucracy and is influenced by many agencies and groups. Few policies or deliberations, however, are related to any other policies or agencies, and most policies are developed to speak only to a particular goal or problem in a particular educational setting. There is no agreement on the…

Weaver, Janice F., Ed.

183

Education: Sector Policy Paper. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper updates the World Bank's interpretation of education development and outlines a policy framework for lending for education. After chapters on the relationship between education and development and on the state of education development, the paper devotes a chapter to each of five issues: the expansion and equalization of…

Haddad, Wadi D.; And Others

184

Special Education Legislation and Policy in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the historical context in which Canadian legislation and policy for children with special needs has evolved. The potential for the rights of students with special needs in light of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is outlined. The role of the Federal and Provincial governments in legislation and policy vis-ŕ-vis…

McBride, Shirley R.

2013-01-01

185

75 FR 29524 - Student Assistance General Provisions, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION [CFDA Nos. 84.007, 84.032, 84...Educational Opportunity Grant, Federal Family Education Loan, Federal Work-Study, Federal...To Retain Talent Grant, and Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher...

2010-05-26

186

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) ESEA [Elementary and Secondary Education Act], Right Away!: Voters Want Federal Action on High School Reform, According to New…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

187

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Federal Update: U.S. Department of Education Receives Requests for NCLB Waivers from Seven More States; Receives Intent from…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

188

Girls' Education: The Power of Policy Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Girls' education has been a focus of international development policy for several decades. The discursive framing of international organizations' policy initiatives relating to girls' education, however, limits the potential for discussing complex gender issues that affect the possibilities for gender equity. Because discourse shapes our…

Monkman, Karen; Hoffman, Lisa

2013-01-01

189

Educational Access in Ghana. Country Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schools in Ghana. It outlines policy and legislation on access to education and provides an analysis of access, vulnerability and exclusion. It is based on findings from the Country Analytic Report on Access to Basic Education in Ghana (Akyeampong et al, 2007) [ED508809] which can be…

Akyeampong, K.; Djangmah, J.; Oduro, A.; Seidu, A.; Hunt, F.

2008-01-01

190

Language-in-Education Policy and Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A descriptive review of research on language-in-education policy and planning is offered. It covers national languages (North America, Southern Africa, Central Asia); minority languages (New Zealand, North America); European minority languages and language policies in the European Community; testing and evaluation; teacher education; and literacy.…

Paulston, Christina Bratt; McLaughlin, Susanne

1994-01-01

191

BERA Review 2006: Education Research and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The review examines the relationship between educational research and policy, from the post-war period to the present, throughout the United Kingdom. Its purpose is to (a) illuminate the changing relationship between education research and policy, and (b) to clarify the different ways in which that relationship is understood. Its overarching…

Byrne, Delma; Ozga, Jenny

2008-01-01

192

Computer Technology and Education: A Policy Delphi.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Realizing the educational potential of computer technology largely depends on developing appropriate policies related to the technology. A Policy Delphi method was used to identify changes in education that are both probable and possible on account of the introduction of computers, and to explore potential patterns for arriving at a desired…

Steier, Lloyd P.

193

The Unevenness of Arts Education Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines arts education policies in which serious flaws have been revealed. Focuses on issues such as the content standards for the arts, the importance of the National Assessment of Educational Progress, gateway policies for K-12 students, and arts study and college admissions. (CMK)

Hatfield, Thomas A.

1999-01-01

194

Linguicism and Racism in Massachusetts Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a frame analysis of Massachusetts state policy regarding the education of multilingual learners and their teachers through the lens of critical race theory (CRT). My analysis suggests that even though current policy in Massachusetts is framed in terms of the overarching goals of educational quality and equality, in reality it…

Viesca, Kara Mitchell

2013-01-01

195

41 CFR 102-74.185 - What heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in... § 102-74.185 What heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in...agencies mustâ (a) Operate heating and cooling systems in the most overall energy...

2013-07-01

196

Spectrum policy issues in wireless education programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the author has spent most of his career as a practitioner of spectrum policy in both government entities and the private sector, he has also been involved in engineering education in spectrum policy both at MIT and at Virginia Tech. Spectrum policy issues can have a major impact on the practical aspects of which wireless technologies move from the

Michael Marcus

2012-01-01

197

General Historical Survey of Federal Indian Policies. Chapter II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the history of North America, especially of the United States, from the earliest explorations and settlements through the present. Emphasis is placed on the Europeans' effect on American Indian life and the inadequate development of Indian education. Comparisons are made between the various colonizers' Indian policies before…

Stockman, W. H.

198

Reasoning from Educational Research to Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter1 is written in a context in which there has been publicly expressed discontent among the educational policy community about\\u000a the failure of educational research to engage effectively with and to inform policy (Hargreaves, 1996; Hillage, Pearson, Anderson,\\u000a & Tamkin, 1998; Tooley & Darby, 1998; Blunkett, 2000), echoed slightly less volubly by discontent among the educational research\\u000a community with

David Bridges

199

Major Federal Programs Supporting the National Education Goals: An Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines the role of the federal government in achieving the six National Education Goals. Six chapters identify and analyze federal programs aligned with the purposes of each goal. Following the preface and a list of the National Education Goals, Anne Crowley's introductory chapter presents a historical overview of the events…

Shank, Patsy, Ed.; And Others

200

The Federal Commitment to Education for the Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed in the speech by John Ottina, the U.S. Commissioner of Education, are trends in the federal government's role in education for the handicapped and current federally funded projects serving the handicapped. Noted is program growth from subsidies for just two facilities 20 years ago to the current annual budget of $300 million to support…

Ottina, John R.

201

Money Matters. Federal Financial Support for Special Education: What's the Right Formula? A Project ALIGN Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief explores issues associated with the question of whether federal funds to implement the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) should be allocated on the basis of the number of children with disabilities or a percentage of each state's resident population of children. The report examines proposed changes in the federal

Mitchell, Melissa, Ed.

202

Educational Turbulence: The Influence of Macro and Micro-Policy on Science Education Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enactment of federal educational policy has direct implications for states and local school districts across the nation, particularly in the areas of accountability and funding. This study utilized constructivist grounded theory to examine the impact of policy on science education reform in a large, urban school district over a 5-year period. The existence and interaction between macro and micro, and explicit and implicit policies created educational turbulence. Findings further extend upon Fullan's (Change theory: a force for school improvement, 2006) change theory adding high-stakes accountability as a prevalent distractor issue and the need for quad-level, rather than tri-level engagement in reform. Suggestions for addressing educational turbulence are provided.

Johnson, Carla C.

2013-06-01

203

Funding Policy in Higher Education: Contested Terrain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Great Britain's funding of higher education institutions, which is linked to funding student support, identifying factors underpinning the Secretary of State for Education and Employment's establishment of a National Committee of Inquiry; exploring contextual dimensions of those working to influence policy; considering educational

Longden, Bernard

2001-01-01

204

Reflections on Educational Policies for Spanish Gypsies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Spain, the existence of a central government and the governments of 17 autonomous communities, each with its own authority and control over educational matters, results in variation and inequality in educational policies toward Gypsies. The conservative or progressive tendencies of political parties in office and their influence on education as…

Salinas, Jesus

2007-01-01

205

Brookings Papers on Education Policy, 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American education has always had its critics, and undoubtedly always will. Nonetheless, there are signs that the educational environment is improving in unexpected ways. This issue of the Brookings Papers on Education Policy, the eighth volume springing from a series of annual meetings sponsored by the Brookings Institution to examine specific…

Ravitch, Diane, Ed.

2005-01-01

206

Public Telecommunications Policies and Education's Options.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of satellite telecommunications for educational and other public service purposes has been restricted by educators' lack of awareness of the potential that exists. While industry actively promotes its own interests, educators rarely even realize that international policies being made today will affect critically the options available for…

Norwood, Frank W.

207

Compelling Diversities, Educational Intersections: Policy, Practice, Parity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ninth international Gender and Education Association Conference "Compelling Diversities, Educational Intersections" hosted by the Weeks Centre for Social and Policy Research, London South Bank University engages with key debates surrounding the interplay between dynamics of education, work, employment and society in the context of…

Taylor, Yvette

2013-01-01

208

Diversity Education Goals: A Policy Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many U.S. colleges and universities have established student learning outcomes for diversity education in their general education programs. These education goals, frequently developed for assessment or other policy purposes, convey a range of possible purposes for diversity and multicultural learning. The manner in which these purposes are…

Swain, Stuart

2012-01-01

209

Education Policies in Perspective: An Appraisal of OECD Country Educational Policy Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of studies of national educational policy conducted by member nations of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 1965 to 1979 is presented. The major objective of the report is to identify lessons from past educational policies of the various countries to serve as guides for current and future policy

Kogan, Maurice

210

Currents of change: final report, inquiry on federal water policy, Canada  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses upon management policies within the confines of powers constitutionally provided to the federal government. Provincial and territorial matters are considered only as they affect federal policy concerns. Major areas of discussion include: the historical evolution of federal water policy; water demands and conflicts; pressures on water quality; water policy problems; the framework of federal domestic water law; international arrangements with the United States; federal expenditure and water pricing; water quality standards; research and data-collection activities; water export; and water management.

Pearse, P.H.; Bertrand, F.; MacLaren, J.W.

1986-12-01

211

Federal Information Policies: Their Implementation and Implications for Information Access. A Summary of the Proceedings of the Annual Federal Library and Information Center Committee Forum on Federal Information Policies (3rd, Washington, DC, February 12, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Federal Library and Information Center Committee (FLICC) Forum on Federal Information Policies focused on the impact of OMB (Office of Management and Budget) Circular A-130, which revises administration policy on information dissemination and the use of automated systems by federal agencies. Introductory remarks by James P. Riley, Kent A.…

Higgins, Adrian T.

212

50 CFR 84.50 - How does a State certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies... NATIONAL COASTAL WETLANDS CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAM Conditions on...certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies...with all applicable Federal laws, regulations, and...

2013-10-01

213

Education for Social Policy Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The task of monitoring an agency's regulatory environment is defined, the utility of policy analysis for local administrators is argued, and suggestions for incorporating policy analysis assignments into fieldwork instruction are offered. A distillation of four policy analysis frameworks is applied to a series of Senior Aides guidelines.…

Cates, Jerry R.; Lohmann, Nancy

1980-01-01

214

14 CFR 151.13 - Federal-aid Airport Program: Policy affecting landing aid requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal-aid Airport Program: Policy affecting landing aid requirements...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS General Requirements § 151.13...

2010-01-01

215

76 FR 39240 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Encouraging Contractor Policies To Ban Text Messaging While Driving  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Encouraging Contractor Policies To Ban Text Messaging While Driving AGENCIES: Department...entitled ``Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging while Driving.'' DATES: Effective...entitled ``Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging while Driving.'' The...

2011-07-05

216

The Political Dynamics of Higher Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a framework informed by spatial models of politics to explain the dynamics of political competition in higher education policy and, in particular, the observed instability in the relationship between political variables and policy outcomes. To this end, I explore competing hypotheses for the relationship between government…

Dar, Luciana

2012-01-01

217

Driver and Traffic Safety Education Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The policy statement outlines New York State standards regarding: (1) the driver's education program; (2) vehicles in the program; (3) administration, supervision, and organization of summer school programs; (4) teachers in the program; and (5) pupils in the program. A glossary defines terms and instructional objectives. Program policies

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of General Education.

218

International Organisations and Transnational Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the World Bank/IMF (International Monetary Fund), the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) and the WTO (World Trade Organisation) as institutions of transnational policy making. They are all at present making education policies which are decisively shaping current directions and developments in…

Moutsios, Stavros

2009-01-01

219

Centralization and Decentralization in American Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the trend toward centralization in American education policy over the last century through a variety of lenses. The overall picture that emerges is one of a continuous tug-of-war, with national and local policymakers stumbling together toward incrementally more standardized and centralized policies. There is a center of power…

DeBoer, Jennifer

2012-01-01

220

Defining Quality Education: An Analysis of State Educational Policy Options.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current public demands for increased educational quality can best be met at the state education agency (SEA) level, but the SEA is faced with the fact that no single, clearly acceptable definition of educational quality exists. As a result of this lack of consensus, the SEA must examine the policy options available before taking action. First,…

Hansen, Kenneth H.

221

Equality, Adequacy, and Educational Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I argue that the distinction between an adequate education and an equal education has been overdrawn. In my view, a certain type of equality--civic equality--is internal to the idea of educational adequacy. An education system that completely separates the children of the poor and minorities from those of the wealthy and middle…

Satz, Debra

2008-01-01

222

States Seek Federal Waivers to Cut Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At least three states have asked for permission to cut back on the money they provide districts for special education, under a built-in escape clause in the federal special education law that is aimed at financially struggling states. Iowa and Kansas have both been granted a waiver, which under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act…

Samuels, Christina A.

2010-01-01

223

76 FR 31312 - Federal Family Education Loan Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...participate in the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program to submit...authorized by section 428A of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA...students in support of access to higher education. The VFA may specify the...

2011-05-31

224

The effect of federal health policy on occupational medicine.  

PubMed

All three branches of the federal government affect occupational medicine. Notable examples include: 1) the Department of Transportation ruling (1988) requiring drug testing in diverse areas of the transportation industry (executive branch); 2) the Workplace Drug Act (1988) calling for organizations to have a policy towards drug and alcohol abuse (legislative branch); and 3) the Supreme Court ruling on the constitutionality of drug testing in the transportation industry (1989) and that infectious diseases are a handicap in accordance with the 1973 Federal Rehabilitation Act (1987). The executive branch plays a major role in occupational medicine primarily through the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), which issues standards based on a rule making process; the executive branch can also affect occupational medicine indirectly, as evidenced by President Reagan's Executive Order 12291 calling for Office of Management and Budget oversight of regulatory initiatives. The legislative branch enacts laws, conducts hearings, and requests reports on the operations of federal agencies. The judicial branch addresses occupational health issues when people affected by an executive ruling want to challenge the ruling; or in the case of the Supreme Court, when deliberating an issue over which two circuit courts of appeal have come to divergent opinions. The Occupational Medicine profession can participate in the political process through awareness of proposed legislation and by responding accordingly with letters, resolutions, or testimony. Similar options exist within the executive branch by participating in the rule-making process. A representative of the Governmental Affairs Committee, through periodic visits with key Washington representatives, can keep members of the American College of Occupational Medicine informed about federal legislative and regulatory activities. In appropriate cases, the organization can then take a formal position on governmental activities that affect the speciality. PMID:2136532

McCunney, R J; Cikins, W

1990-01-01

225

Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education - This paper examines policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. Both these entities address adult education as an explicit object of policy. This paper investigates how globalisation processes are constructed as policy problems when these transnational political agents propose adult education as a response. The author's main argument is that while UNESCO presents the provision of adult education as a means for governments worldwide to overcome disadvantages experienced by their own citizenry, the EU institutionalises learning experiences as a means for governments to sustain regional economic growth and political expansion. After reviewing the literature on globalisation to elucidate the theories that inform current understanding of contemporary economic, political, cultural and ecological changes as political problems, she presents the conceptual and methodological framework of her analysis. The author then examines the active role played by UNESCO and the EU in promoting adult education as a policy objective at transnational level, and unpacks the specific problem "representations" that are substantiated by these organisations. She argues that UNESCO and EU processes assign specific values and meanings to globalisation, and that these reflect a limited understanding of the complexity of globalisation. Finally, she considers two of the effects produced by these problem representations.

Milana, Marcella

2012-12-01

226

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Obama Releases Fiscal Year 2013 Federal Budget: Budget Proposes 3.8 Percent Increase in Discretionary Funding for U.S.…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

227

7 CFR 621.40 - Participation in Federal interagency policy activities at the national level.  

...Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES RIVER BASIN INVESTIGATIONS AND SURVEYS Interagency Coordination § 621.40 Participation in Federal interagency policy...

2014-01-01

228

Accountability in American Higher Education. Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three years after U.S. Secretary of Education Margaret Spelling's national commission on higher education, and nearly a decade after No Child Left Behind revolutionized k-12 accountability, there is little agreement on what accountability in higher education should look like. While more students are enrolling in (and failing to complete)…

Carey, Kevin, Ed.; Schneider, Mark, Ed.

2010-01-01

229

Survey of EPA and Other Federal Agency Scientific Data Management Policies and Guidance, 2009  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this study is to compile and assess internal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) scientific data management (SDM) policies and guidance. Additionally, this study examines SDM policies and guidance from other Federal Agencies engaged in science and technology, an...

230

Coalition Education Policy: Thatcherism's Long Shadow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coalition education policy threatens to transform the school system in England. A combination of public spending cuts, and the drive to making all schools Academies, represents a key moment in the restructuring of the education service along neo-liberal lines. This article argues that there is nothing distinctively "new" about Coalition schools…

Stevenson, Howard

2011-01-01

231

Substance Abuse, School Policy and Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the literature which examines school policies currently guiding educational practice in the area of student substance abuse and discusses the relationship between special education and substance-using and substance-abusing students. Reviewed are: (1) definitions of substance abuse, which vary with the conceptualization of the…

Spero, Ellen; And Others

232

Language and Education Policies in Tajikistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper provides an overview of the language and education policies currently functioning in the Republic of Tajikistan, the demographic and sociolinguistic situation in the country, and language use in education and the media. Particular attention is paid to the decrease in Russian-language competence and the measures undertaken to address this…

Nagzibekova, Mehrinisso

2008-01-01

233

Gender equality policies and higher education careers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gender equality policies regulate the Swedish labour market, including higher education. This study analyses and discusses the career development of postgraduate students in the light of labour market influences. The principle of gender separation is used to understand these effects. Swedish register data encompassing information on 585 postgraduate students born in 1948, 1953 and 1967 were analysed. Since higher education

Caroline Berggren

2011-01-01

234

Primary Teachers, Policy, and Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the challenges arising for primary school teachers who have responsibility for teaching physical education (PE) and who are working in particularly complex and contestable policy contexts. In New Zealand provision of physical education is identified as occurring amidst multiple, and not necessarily compatible, sets of…

Petrie, Kirsten; lisahunter,

2011-01-01

235

Recent Foreign Language Education Policies in Palestine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the development of foreign language education policies in Palestine at a time when the establishment of a Palestinian state has become a real option, and when, following the Oslo agreements, the Palestinians have become responsible for Palestinian education. (Author/VWL)

Amara, Muhammad Hasan

2003-01-01

236

Transnational Education: Current Developments and Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ever since the transnational education trend took off since the 1980s, transnational education has come to bearing political, economic and cultural implications. Different approaches have been formulated to achieve specific policy objectives by both importing and exporting countries. Such approaches demonstrate a four dimensional composition,…

Gu, Jianxin

2009-01-01

237

Romney Hones Pitch on Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007, Mitt Romney championed aggressive education policies later embraced by the Obama administration and by other states. But for most of his second run at the Republican presidential nomination, voters have heard little about his education record in Massachusetts or initiatives that Mr. Romney was…

Klein, Alyson

2012-01-01

238

Reconceptualising Access in Education Policy: Method and Mindset  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancing access to education and knowledge is a long-held principle enshrined in education policy. Access to education offers leverage for educational attainment and achievement, at the individual and social levels. In policy, the term equates with concepts of inclusion, social justice and equity. Over the last decades, as education policy has…

Vongalis-Macrow, Athena

2010-01-01

239

Center for Higher Education Policy Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An increasing number of scholars and persons in the policy world continue to share an abiding interest in the vast world of higher education, and the staff members of the Center for Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS) at the University of Twente are no exception. This interdisciplinary research institute, founded in 1984, seeks "to increase our understanding of institutional, national and international issues that bear upon higher education." The site is a fine clearinghouse, both in terms of offering access to work produced by the staff of CHEPS, and as an online resource to find out about upcoming higher education conferences and their consultancy projects. Many of the publications are available in Dutch and English and deal with a host of topics such as higher education consortia in Europe and Southeast Asia and the role of national governments in the evolution of higher education.

240

Education Policy, Practice, and Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, drawing especially but not exclusively on Bourdieu's work on practice and its relationships with habitus, capital, and field, argues for a perspective on policy, as informed by and as practice, and applies it across all elements of the policy cycle. It is argued that a practice perspective captures well the economies of power in…

Heimans, Stephen

2012-01-01

241

Federal Programs Supporting Educational Change, Vol. 5: Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Office of Education, Rand is conducting a several-year study of federally funded programs designed to introduce and spread innovative practices in public schools. These change agent programs normally offer temporary federal funding to school districts as "seed money" or "risk capital." If an innovation is…

Berman, Paul; And Others

242

Catalog of Federal Education Assistance Programs--1976: An Indexed Guide to the Federal Government's Programs Offering Educational Benefits to the American People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This catalog is composed of brief descriptions of, and extensive indexes to, federal programs that provide educational benefits to the American public. It includes programs administered by the U.S. Office of Education as well as those administered by other federal agencies. The federal education assistance programs are aimed at all educational

Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

243

The Politics of Educational Policy Studies: A Preliminary Analysis of Leading Educational Policy Journal Publications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that the content, analytical approaches and institutional affiliations of authors of articles published in the latest issues of two leading educational policy studies journals provide useful insights into the contested nature of educational policy studies. The paper draws upon a selection of articles published in 2007/08 issues…

Hardy, Ian

2009-01-01

244

Research, Policy, and the Federal Role in Prevention Initiatives for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews five federal policy-based initiatives for children and families (Project Head Start; lead poisoning prevention; Medicaid; Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants, and Children; and Earned Income Tax Credit), discussing aspects of federal prevention program design, implementation, policy, and research. (Contains references.) (SM)

Ripple, Carol H.; Zigler, Edward

2003-01-01

245

Policy as Practice: Toward a Comparative Sociocultural Analysis of Educational Policy. Sociocultural Studies in Educational Policy Formation and Appropriation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 20 years, approaches to educational policy analysis have opened up to qualitative research methods and to sociocultural perspectives on schooling. This volume is a collection of studies that view educational policy from a variety of angles and at different levels of social life. It consists of 12 chapters: (1) "Are Pedagogical Ideals…

Sutton, Margaret, Ed.; Levinson, Bradley A. U., Ed.

246

Top 10 State Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2009. Policy Matters: A Higher Education Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this paper are the top 10 issues most likely to affect public higher education across the 50 states in 2009, in the view of the state policy analysis and research staff at American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU). While numerous topics shape state higher education policy, each affecting the issues of…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2009

2009-01-01

247

Education Policy and Telecommunications Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally prepared for two conferences co-sponsored by the Office of Educational Research and Improvement in the spring of 1990, the eight papers in this collection focus on the concerns of policymakers and critical issues associated with the application of new telecommunications technologies for improving elementary and secondary education.…

Sheekey, Arthur D., Ed.

248

Implementing Educational Policies in Kenya.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper reviews the evolution of the Kenyan education system since independence from Britain in 1963. The report outlines the institutional and legal steps that were taken to improve the educational system and traces its development through four five-ye...

G. S. Eshiwani

1990-01-01

249

Policy change in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following developments in the 1980s, the 1990s seem to promise for many governments and societies an increasing concern about the role and relevance of their respective higher education systems. This concern seems to be brought about by several factors such as financial stringency, increased demand, effective articulation between higher and other education sectors, labour market priorities, aging populations, changes in

V. Lynn Meek; Leo C. J. Goedegebuure; Osmo Kivinen; Risto Rinne

1991-01-01

250

Public Policy and Higher Education. ASHE Reader Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection explore issues related to public policy and higher education. They are intended to provide foundational readings in public policy and to explore contemporary public policy issues facing higher education. The chapters are: (1) "The Nature of the Policy Process" (Randall B. Ripley); (2) "Promoting Policy Theory:…

Goodchild, Lester F., Ed.; Lovell, Cheryl D., Ed.; Hines, Edward R., Ed.; Gill, Judith I., Ed.

251

A Nordic Perspective on Early Childhood Education and Care Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national policies and historical roots of early childhood education (ECE) vary from society to society. In the Nordic countries, early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies have been built in the context of the welfare state. As such, they are closely connected to other welfare policy areas such as social policy, family policy and…

Karila, Kirsti

2012-01-01

252

Intercultural Education? An Analysis of Cypriot Educational Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In the context of Cyprus' accession to the European Union (2004) and a noteworthy increase in immigration towards Cyprus, the Cypriot state was called upon to build more complete and coherent policies addressing culturally diverse educational settings. Cypriot education has historically enforced the nation-building project. However,…

Hajisoteriou, Christina

2012-01-01

253

Vocational Instructional Materials for Technical Education Available from Federal Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This listing of federally produced curriculum and instructional materials for technical education is one of eight annotated bibliographies that provide information for vocational educators at the secondary, postsecondary, and adult levels. Introductory information given includes a description of how to use the listing and sources and ordering…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.

254

The Federal Government and Higher Education for Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the involvement of the federal government (through subsidy, regulation, judicial, and administrative agency activity) in the education of students with disabilities at the elementary, secondary, and higher education levels. Government involvement through subsidy in the 19th century was usually in the form of establishing special…

Ryan, Dan

255

Resource Guide to Federal Funding for Technology in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides information about funding resources available from the Federal government for programs involving educational technology. Funding programs are included for the following government agencies: U.S. Department of Education; Department of Commerce; National Science Foundation (NSF); Department of Energy (DOE); National Aeronautics…

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

256

Language Diversity and Language Policy in Educational Access and Equity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the role of language policies in mediating access and equity in education. By examining a range of research and case studies on language policies, the authors explore how educational language policies serve as a central gatekeeper to education itself, as well as to quality education that may fundamentally depend on language…

Tollefson, James W.; Tsui, Amy B. M.

2014-01-01

257

Educational Policy and Planning. Canada V. Review of Educational Policies in Canada: Atlantic Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fifth volume in a series of six on educational planning and policies in Canada, this review focuses on the Atlantic region--New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. Sections of the document discuss the historical development of the Atlantic provinces' system of education; give an overview of education--its aims and…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

258

Higher Education and Research Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The lecture outlines the links between research and higher education. To do so, it looks at existing situations of different countries in each area, points out differences, and encourages collaboration across frontiers.

P. Swinnerton-Dyer

1991-01-01

259

Implementing Educational Policies in Zambia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the time of independence from Britain in 1964, the educational system in Zambia was, as elsewhere in Africa, racially segregated and heavily biased against Africans. The paper briefly reviews the situation at independence before enumerating post-indepe...

P. P. W. Achola

1990-01-01

260

Political Kitsch and Educational Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores "political kitsch," a propaganda that incorporates familiar and easily understood art forms to shape the direction of public policy. Kitsch differs from art in that it is a powerful political construction designed to colonize the receiver's consciousness. It reassures and comforts the receiver through the exploitation of…

Lugg, Catherine A.

261

Public Policy for Efficient Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the role of public policy in promoting efficiency in human capital accumulation. Agents accumulate human capital by allocating time to home study and school attendance. The return to time spent in school is subject to congestion. The individual also faces an aggregate externality in skill accumulation. We find that a tuition fee combined with personal stipends can correct

Walter H; Christian Keuschnigg

2002-01-01

262

Future Trends in Education Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These essays deal explicitly with the future of the public schools and implicitly with the problem of making responsible predictions. Following an introduction by Herman Kahn, the first two essays deal with the social and social policy context of the schools. B. Bruce-Briggs contrasts alternative long-term and current cultural trends. Jane Newitt,…

Newitt, Jane, Ed.

263

Educational Needs and Policies for Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparisons of data for Italy and other European countries show that Italy has lower educational attainment for the 25-64 age group, shorter length of compulsory schooling, and less inservice training for employed adults. The Centre for the Study of Social Investment in Italy identified needs for functional literacy, supplementary and vocational…

Reguzzoni, Mario

1994-01-01

264

The role of policy advocacy in assuring comprehensive family life education in California.  

PubMed

As part of their 10-year $60 million Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Initiative, The California Wellness Foundation funded 18 state and local organizations to conduct policy advocacy to strengthen teen pregnancy prevention policies. This article describes how some of these grantees accomplished noteworthy goals, including the passage of the California Comprehensive Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Act (SB71), the prevention of the state's pursuit of federal "abstinence-only-until-marriage" funding, and the passage of a local school district FLE policy. Grantee progress is presented through a five-stage policy change framework: Institutional Capacity and Leadership Building, Policy Issue Recognition, Policy Prioritization, Policy Adoption, and Policy Maintenance. Implications are shared for advocates, policy makers, and funders who are developing initiatives aimed at improving the health of adolescents. PMID:19366884

Brindis, Claire D; Geierstanger, Sara P; Faxio, Adrienne

2009-12-01

265

41 CFR 102-74.155 - What energy conservation policy must Federal agencies follow in the management of facilities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What energy conservation policy must Federal agencies...74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.155 What energy conservation policy must Federal...

2013-07-01

266

SEX EDUCATION : THE PARENT 'S PERSPECTIVE California Parents' Preferences and Beliefs on School-Based Sex Education Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ongoing and often rancorous policy arguments at the federal, state, and local school-district levels address the relative merits of different types of sex education. The conflicts between proponents of programs that exclusively teach abstinence-only-until-marriage versus programs that include instruction regarding contraception and protection from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are often characterized by strong emotional arguments. In this heated

Norman A. Constantine; Petra Jerman; Alice X. Huang

267

Impact of Federal Intervention on Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Precepts posited in defense of federal intervention (financial support, social injustice, moral responsibility, etc.) are articulated, and general costs of compliance are enumerated. The impact of specific legislation and suggestions for reducing compliance costs are also addressed, along with a prognosis for the future. (Author/LBH)

Stein, Ronald H.

1979-01-01

268

Multilingualism and Education Policy in Post-Apartheid South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines South Africa's 11-official-languages policy, with a focus on the current debate on mother tongue education versus education in a foreign language--English or Afrikaans. It is argued that for the new education policy to achieve its intended objective--to promote mother tongue education--then mother tongue education must be cleansed of the…

Kamwangamalu, Nkonko M.

1997-01-01

269

Public Policy in Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raising some of the most challenging questions in the field, this call-to-arms focuses on the important services gifted programs provide, the potential crisis gifted educators face, and what must be done to keep the gifted child movement alive and well. Key features include: (1) James J. Gallagher's unflinching account of the issues that continue…

Gallagher, James J., Ed; Reis, Sally M., Ed.

2004-01-01

270

Reviews of National Policies for Education - Greece.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the Educational Policy Review of Greece undertaken in 1995-96 at the request of the Greek authorities. The book contains two parts with 13 chapters. Part 1 provides the full text of the Background Report, prepared by the Greek authorities for the purpose of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

271

Educational Access in Bangladesh. Country Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schooling in Bangladesh. It outlines types of educational provision and provides some basic statistics on access, vulnerability and exclusion, as well as insights into the characteristics of those denied access. It is based on findings from the "Country Analytic Review on Access to…

Ahmed, Manzoor

2008-01-01

272

Toward Teacher Education Research That Informs Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the extent to which researchers are currently engaged in a shared research program that offers systematic evidence of the classroom impact of organized venues (preservice as well as inservice) for teacher professional learning. The article stems from concern about policies rooted in suspicion that teacher education is…

Sleeter, Christine

2014-01-01

273

Improving Accountability in Public Education. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one in a series of policy briefs on key education issues prepared by the RAND Corporation for the Obama administration. The accountability systems put in place by No Child Left Behind have not produced enough improvement to meet the goal of all students meeting proficiency standards by 2014. While the current accountability system has…

Stecher, Brian; Li, Jennifer

2009-01-01

274

What Shapes Inner-City Education Policy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is part of a larger study looking at the issues involved as two large urban Canadian school boards, in Winnipeg and Toronto, responded to the demands of poor, inner city areas over the last thirty years of the twentieth century. In this paper we focus our attention on the broader stage on which education policy takes place. We draw from…

Levin, Ben; Gaskell, Jane; Pollock, Katina

2007-01-01

275

National Educational Research Policies: A World Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings of a study in which the member nations of UNESCO were surveyed concerning their education research policies. Specifically, the survey focuses on how research priorities are decided upon, how research is organized, how the results of research are disseminated, and what strategies are employed to make use of…

Debeauvais, Michel

276

Educational Policy for the Transnational Dominican Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests the increasingly transnational character of many immigrant communities necessitates changes in educational policy. Using the Dominican neighborhoods in New York City, examines the economic, political, social, cultural, and linguistic evidence of the transnationalism of this community. A case is made for bilingual, bicultural programs that…

Pita, Marianne D.; Utakis, Sharon

2002-01-01

277

Federal Data Bases for Health Education Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described are some of the national health related databases which are useful in conducting health education research. Among areas covered by the projects are hypertension, myocardial infarction, neighborhood health centers, alcoholism, and over the counter drugs. (CJ)

Wilson, Ronald; Iverson, Donald

1982-01-01

278

Federal Resources for Educational Excellence: Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This U.S. Department of Education website contains numerous links to earth science related websites. Sites range in topics from biological and life sciences, ecology, and geology to oceanography, paleontology, pharmacology, space science and the history of science.

2002-04-29

279

Educated Parents, Educated Children: Toward a Multiple Life Cycles Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the important intergenerational effects of parents' education level on the achievement of their children, education policies should shift from a focus on one life cycle to a focus on "multiple life cycles". Such a policy would explicitly recognize that adults transfer their educational achievements to the achievement of their children. It…

Sticht, Thomas G.

2010-01-01

280

Educational Policy Centres: New Priorities for the New Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the notion of the educational policy center as a "design studio." Introduces a critical pragmatic philosophy to aid understanding of policy-center controversies and provide better norms for forming educational policy. Only by abandoning the economic model of policy center operations and embracing the postmodern, postliberal view, will…

Maxcy, Spencer J.

1994-01-01

281

California Hospitals' Response to State and Federal Policies Related to Health Care-Associated Infections  

PubMed Central

In October 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) denied payment for ten selected health care–associated infections (HAI). In January 2009, California enacted mandatory reporting of infection prevention processes and HAI rates. This longitudinal mixed-methods study examined the impact of federal and state policy changes on California hospitals. Data on structures, processes, and outcomes of care were collected pre- and post-policy changes. In-depth interviews with hospital personnel were performed after policy implementation. More than 200 hospitals participated with 25 personnel interviewed. We found significant increases in adoption of and adherence to evidence-based practices and decreased HAI rates (p < .05). Infection preventionists (IP) spent more time on surveillance and in their offices and less time on education and in other locations (p < .05). Qualitative data confirmed mandatory reporting had intended and unintended consequences and highlighted the importance of technology and organizational climate in preventing infections and the changing IPs’ role. This is especially relevant because the California Department of Public Health has since mandated hospitals to report data on 29 different for surgical site infections and a lawsuit has been filed to delay the implementation of these requirements.

Stone, Patricia W.; Pogorzelska, Monika; Graham, Denise; Jia, Haomiao; Uchida, Mayuko; Larson, Elaine L.

2011-01-01

282

The Role of Federal Agencies in Education, InterAgency Coordination, and Impact Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many federal agencies invest in improving the nation's STEM literacy and preparing the future scientific and technical workforce. These efforts have raised questions about and how federal agencies, which are not primarily focused on education, should support education formal and inforaml education systems. In addition, there is a persistent concern about how federal agency education portfolios are balanced (given the

M. Feder

2010-01-01

283

Education Policy and Family Values: A Critical Analysis of Initiatives from the Right  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes current education policy initiatives from the political Right in the United States, focusing on initiatives at the federal level (standards and testing), the state level (funding), the local level (alternative certification), and the campus level (censorship). Each initiative has received wide bipartisan and public support,…

Kumashiro, Kevin K.

2009-01-01

284

Convergence in Education Policy? A Quantitative Analysis of Policy Change and Stability in OECD Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we quantitatively assess education policy change in OECD countries. While research has frequently underlined the importance of international exchange for national policy development, it is yet unclear whether resulting policies are converging. By distinguishing different kinds of education policy goals, we hypothesise that…

Jakobi, Anja P.; Teltemann, Janna

2011-01-01

285

The Impact of Research on Education Policy in an Era of Evidence-Based Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, when there is a lot of political talk about the need for "evidence-based policy", and when public policy seeks to calibrate research quality and impact, there is a pressing need to reconsider the relationships between education/al research and education policy. This article seeks to do this, beginning with considerations of the…

Lingard, Bob

2013-01-01

286

Low-income energy policy in a restructuring electricity industry: an assessment of federal options  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies both the low-income energy services historically provided in the electricity industry and those services that may be affected by industry restructuring. It identifies policies that are being proposed or could be developed to address low- income electricity services in a restructured industry. It discusses potential federal policy options and identifies key policy and implementation issues that arise when considering these potential federal initiatives. To understand recent policy development at the state level, we reviewed restructuring proposals from eight states and the accompanying testimony and comments filed in restructuring proceedings in these states.

Baxter, L.W.

1997-07-01

287

Eleven Factors Influencing Federal Education Legislation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 11 variables, in order of importance, that have the greatest ultimate effect in shaping national legislation on education are the following: (1) personal judgment and values of usually no more than six to ten members of Congress and staff, (2) strong views of respected and trusted friends, (3) assumptions about the economy and budget, (4)…

Andringa, Robert C.

288

Ideas for Changing Educational Systems, Educational Policy and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues the need for new ideas to assist in the creation of a new social imaginary post-neo-liberalism to frame rethought educational systems, policy and schooling. This is an attempt to reclaim progressive, democratic and social justice purposes for schooling well beyond dominant human capital renditions. While acknowledging the…

Thomson, Pat; Lingard, Bob; Wrigley, Terry

2012-01-01

289

34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any...

2011-07-01

290

45 CFR 46.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects § 46.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any...

2011-10-01

291

45 CFR 46.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects § 46.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any...

2010-10-01

292

40 CFR 26.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Policy for Protection of Subjects in Human Research Conducted or Supported by EPA § 26...Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any...

2010-07-01

293

40 CFR 26.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Policy for Protection of Subjects in Human Research Conducted or Supported by EPA § 26...Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any...

2011-07-01

294

45 CFR 46.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects § 46.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any...

2012-10-01

295

34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any...

2012-07-01

296

40 CFR 26.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Policy for Protection of Subjects in Human Research Conducted or Supported by EPA § 26...Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any...

2012-07-01

297

The Genesis of the 1986 National Policy on Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses India's 1986 National Policy on Education and describes the policy's emphasis on the essential characteristics of a national educational system that provides opportunities for equal access to education irrespective of class, caste, creed, sex, or geographic location. The development of Indian education is featured, and the…

Ghosh, Suresh Chandra

298

Economic Considerations in Education Policy Making: A Simplified Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a framework for analyzing education policy from an economic perspective. The framework takes into account educational supply and demand, structure of the education system, economic effects, and their interrelations. Discusses key economic issues in the analysis of education policy. (EV)

Cheng, Yin Cheong; Ng, Kwok Hung; Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching

2002-01-01

299

Federal Appropriations for Higher Education for Fiscal 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fiscal 1986 and fiscal 1987 federal budget allocations for Department of Education programs, arts and humanities, the Departments of Defense, Agriculture, Energy, and Health and Human Services, the National Science Foundation, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other miscellaneous agencies are tabulated. (MSE)

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1986

1986-01-01

300

Smarter Spending: Reforming Federal Financial Aid for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In higher education, three generally recognized rationales for federal involvement in financial aid exist: (1) Promoting equality of opportunity: Those from poor households are less likely to attend college for a variety of reasons; (2) Credit market imperfections: Students may not have access to the credit needed to make profitable investments in…

Gillen, Andrew

2011-01-01

301

1980 Federal Funding Guide for Elementary and Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended for those interested in applying for federal assistance for elementary or secondary education programs. It describes 91 programs mandated by Congress, with information on eligibility, restrictions, and awards. This 1980 edition contains material that is all new or updated since the last edition. Some of the new features…

Education Funding Research Council, Washington, DC.

302

Federal Support for Technology in K-12 Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government has, on the whole, has done an excellent job, especially since 1996, in fostering the use of technology in K-12 public schools in the United States. The Department of Education's focus on getting computers and Internet access to low-income schools and communities is the right approach. This paper measures the impact of the…

Chapman, Gary

2000-01-01

303

Vocational Instructional Materials for Distributive Education Available from Federal Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography lists curriculum materials for distributive education which were produced by Federal agencies and are appropriate for these subject matter areas: (1) advertising, (2) apparel and accessories, (3) automotive, (4) finance and credit, (5) food distribution and services, (6) general merchandise, (7) floristry, (8) hardware,…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

304

Education policy and gender in Zimbabwe.  

PubMed

It is concluded that equality for women in education, which was a state aim in 1980, is no longer a state concern in Zimbabwe. It is argued that protection of the patriarchal order has been the operating principle of both colonial and post-colonial periods, and education is used to maintain the gender imbalance. Black women under colonialism were subjected to both sexism and racism. The socioeconomic order was maintained by ensuring that Blacks remained uneducated and unskilled. Colonial policy was race specific. Education was free and compulsory for Whites only. Black parents paid fees for a son's education. Post colonialism and in 1971, only 43.5% of Black children were enrolled in school, of which 3.9% were in secondary school. Only 19 girls with at the highest level in school. School curriculum was gender based, which meant girls were taught cooking and typing. During independence, education policy was instituted, and education was considered as a human right and gender neutral. Tuition fees in primary grades were eliminated, and education was expanded. However, changes after independence did not result in equal advantage for girls. By 1985-91, girls had lower enrollments at all grade levels. The widest gaps in enrollment were at the highest levels. School curriculum changed very little, and girls were directed to the "feminine" courses of study. Girls performed poorly in math and sciences. Girls were underenrolled in technical and vocational institutions. After 1989, structural adjustment programs negatively impacted on women. There was reduced access to employment, limited access to services, and increased demands on women's time in order to compensate for gaps created by cuts in services. New changes in education policy are expected to negatively impact on girl's education. Fees for primary school were reintroduced in urban areas, and secondary school fees were increased. The government dropped the requirement of certification for technical and commercial education, which could benefit the 64% of women employed in the informal sector. Export-oriented adjustment programs relied on cheap, low-skilled female employees. PMID:12290971

Gordon, R

1994-01-01

305

New Beginnings: Using Federal Title I Funds to Support Local Pre-K Efforts. Federal Policy Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-quality, voluntary pre-kindergarten has emerged as an important policy to improve the nation's education system. Based on strong evidence from rigorous longitudinal research and recent program evaluations, reform-minded principals, superintendents, school board members and other leaders have embraced early education as an effective strategy…

Gayl, Chrisanne L.; Young, Marci; Patterson, Kathy

2009-01-01

306

Evaluating Vocational Education: The Federal Stimulus. Vocational Education Study Publication No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Amendments of 1976, Public Law 94-482, which revised the Vocational Education Act (VEA) of 1963, introduced major new requirements for the evaluation of federally funded vocational education programs. This paper describes the activities stimulated by these evaluation requirements and shows how evaluation results are used to revise…

Hendrickson, Gerry

307

Federal policies to promote the widespread utilization of photovoltaic systems. Supplement: Review and critique  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Review comments of the Congressional report entitled 'Federal Policies to Promote the Widespread Utilization of Photovoltaic Systems' are presented. Responses to the review comments by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, preparer of the Congressional report, are also presented. The Congressional report discussed various issues related to promoting the deployment of photovoltaic systems through the Federal Photovoltaic Program. Various program strategies and funding levels were examined.

Smith, J. L.

1980-01-01

308

Models of Monetary Policy Decision-Making: Arthur Burns and the Federal Open Market Committee  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates decision-making within the Federal Open MarketCommittee of the Federal Reserve, focusing on the competing pressures of majority rule,consensus-building, and the power of the Chairman. To undertake this analysis, we haveconstructed a data set recording desired Federal funds rates for each member of theCommittee over the 1970-1978 period. We empirically link individuals policypreferences to adopted policies using generalized

Henry W. Chappell

309

Federal agencies may let workers skip AIDS education sessions.  

PubMed

Federal government agencies that mandate attendance at their workplace training classes must require their employees to take part in AIDS education as well. However, those employees who voice religious or moral objections to AIDS education can opt out. In a survey conducted by The Washington Blade, researchers found that ten of the fourteen cabinet departments currently require employees to attend AIDS training sessions. Twelve of the twenty independent agencies also mandate attendance, while six others provide training but leave attendance up to the employee. According to the survey, many of the agencies have found the workplace trainings to be welcome. Currently, nearly 75 percent of the Federal government's 2.1 million civilian employees have participated in AIDS education classes in the workplace. A few complaints about the curriculum have prompted two Republican Congressmen, Rep. John Mica of Florida and Robert K. Dornan of California, to begin inquiries into the conduct of AIDS education programs for Federal employees. Hearings are planned later in 1995 to address AIDS education programs in the Defense Department. PMID:11362536

1995-06-16

310

Federal Education Funding: Overview of K-12 and Early Childhood Education Programs. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-10-51  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last two decades there have been a number of efforts to catalogue and determine how much is spent on federal education programs. However, because education programs are administered by agencies throughout the federal government, and there is no standard definition of a federal education program, there currently is no single source that…

Scott, George A.

2010-01-01

311

34 CFR 682.100 - The Federal Family Education Loan programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

34 Education 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false The Federal Family Education Loan programs. 682.100 Section 682.100 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF...

2013-07-01

312

Consortium for Policy Research in Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in an effort "to improve elementary and secondary education through practical research," the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE), brings together researchers and scholars from the University of Pennsylvania, Harvard University, Stanford University, the University of Michigan, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison. From the main page visitors can learn about the Consortium's research projects (both those still underway and those that are completed), read recent news briefs, browse through online publications, and look at a list of related education links. At the informational section of the site, visitors can learn about the CPRE's mission, history, funding sources, and various subject experts who work under the auspices of the organization. Within the research section of the site, visitors can read brief summaries of current projects, along with reading about completed projects and research opportunities at CPRE. Finally, visitors can browse through selected publications from the past 18 years of research at the CPRE, organized into policy briefs, research reports, and case studies dealing with such diverse topics as charter schools, educational reform, and capacity building. [KMG

313

Final report on the impact of anti-smoking policies in the federal workplace (revised). Report for 1971-85  

SciTech Connect

The study will measure the impact of anti-smoking policies on the self-reported smoking behavior of federal workers in the Washington, D.C. area. First, antismoking policies and steps taken to enforce these policies across federal agencies were compared. Next, survey research methods were utilized to determine self-reported smoking behaviors, awareness of anti-smoking policies, and the effects these policies had on smoking behavior. The three research objectives were as follows: (1) To determine the extent to which awareness of an anti-smoking policy when perceived as being enforced changes smoking behavior in the federal work place; (2) To determine the extent to which awareness of an anti-smoking policy when perceived as not being enforced changes smoking behavior in the federal work place; and (3) to compare perceptions of federal workers to those of smoking policy managers with regard to the anti-smoking policy.

Not Available

1985-10-01

314

Federalism and Decentralization of Education in Argentina. Unintended Consequences of Decentralization of Expenditures in a Federal Country.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By analyzing the process of decentralization of education in Argentina, this paper complements the existing literature on decentralization and federalism in two ways: (1) it studies the impact of federal institutions on the origins and evolution of decentralization; and (2) it analyzes a case of decentralization of education that, in a way not…

Falleti, Tulia G.

315

78 FR 63276 - Interim Policy, FAA Review of Solar Energy System Projects on Federally Obligated Airports  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

This notice establishes interim FAA policy for proposals by sponsors of federally obligated airports to construct solar energy systems on airport property. FAA is adopting an interim policy because it is in the public interest to enhance safety by clarifying and adding standards for measuring ocular impact of proposed solar energy systems which are effective upon publication. FAA will consider......

2013-10-23

316

Education Finance: Extent of Federal Funding in State Education Agencies. Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the amount of federal dollars used by state education agencies (SEAS) to fund their administrative and other operating costs, and how SEAS are using these funds to support their operating activities. To determine the amount and sources of federal funding, SEAS in 49 states (excluding Hawaii and the District of Columbia) were…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.

317

Catalog of Federal Education Assistance Programs--1978. An Indexed Guide to the Federal Government's Programs Offering Educational Benefits to the American People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This catalog is composed of brief descriptions of and extensive indexes to federal programs that provide educational benefits to the American public. It includes all programs administered by the U.S. Office of Education as well as programs administered by other federal agencies in support of educational services, professional training, or library…

Jasper, Renee B.

318

A Policy Analysis: The Intersection of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this doctoral project was to conduct a policy analysis of two federal laws affecting public education today-- the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004. The common themes of both pieces of legislation and the congruent and the incongruent mandates required by each law were…

Bechtoldt, Jana L.; Bender, Virginia

2008-01-01

319

Bring Hidden Hazards to the Publics Attention, Understanding, and Informed Decision by Coordinating Federal Education Initiatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the 2010 National Research Council’s America’s Climate Choices’ report on Informing Effective Decisions and Actions Related to Climate Change concluded; “Education and communication are among the most powerful tools the nation has to bring hidden hazards to public attention, understanding, and action.” They conclude that the “current and future students, the broader public, and policymakers need to understand the causes, consequences, and potential solutions to climate change, develop scientific thinking and problem-solving skills, and improve their ability to make informed decisions.” The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) works to integrate the climate related activities of these different agencies, with oversight from the Office of Science and Technology Policy and other White House offices. USGCRP’s focus is now on evaluating optimal strategies for addressing climate change risks, improving coordination among the Federal agencies, engaging stakeholders (including national policy leaders and local resource managers) on the research results to all and improving public understanding and decision-making related to global change. Implicit to these activities is the need to educate the public about the science of climate change and its consequences, as well as coordinate Federal investments related to climate change education. In a broader sense, the implementation of the proposed Interagency Taskforce on Climate Change Communication and Education will serve the evolving USGCRP mandates around cross-cutting, thematic elements, as recommended by the National Research Council (NRC, 2009) and the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Revised Research Plan: An update to the 2003 Strategic Plan (USGCRP, 2008), to help the Federal government “capitalize on its investments and aid in the development of increased climate literacy for the Nation.” This session will update the participants on the work to date and the near term coordinated plans of the proposed Interagency Taskforce on Climate Change Communication and Education.

Niepold, F.; Karsten, J. L.; Wei, M.; Jadin, J.

2010-12-01

320

Theory and Texts of Educational Policy: Possibilities and Constraints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In our paper we aim at reflecting upon the extent to which educational theory may be used as a framework in the analysis of policy documents. As policy texts are "heteroglossic in character" (Lingard and Ozga, in "The Routledge Falmer reader in education policy and politics," Routledge, London and New York, 2007, p. 2) and create "circumstances in…

Goncalves, Teresa N. R.; Gomes, Elisabete Xavier; Alves, Mariana Gaio; Azevedo, Nair Rios

2012-01-01

321

Quality Assessment of Undergraduate Education in China: A Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses a higher education policy issued in China in 2002: the Quality Assessment of Undergraduate Education Policy. The policy was designed with four main objectives: improvement, compliance, information and accountability. However, it has not completely fulfilled its objectives, especially regarding improvement and accountability,…

Liu, Shuiyun; Rosa, Maria Joao

2008-01-01

322

A Summary of AIDS Education Policies in Six Southeastern States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes policies dealing with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) education and AIDS carriers in the schools. It deals with statewide policies in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina, providing reports on each of the six states in which questions on AIDS education and policies were…

Peters, Stephen

323

Policy Plan for Kansas Department of Education. Fiscal Year 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy plan for the Kansas State Department of Education is composed of two major sections. The first part includes a description of the department and its mission and functions; the agency's goals, objectives, and policies; and the finance and sources of finance for funding educational programs. The second section involves three policy

Kansas State Dept. of Education, Topeka.

324

Education(al) Research, Educational Policy-Making and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professor Whitty has endorsed the consensus that research into education is empirical social science, distinguishing "educational research" which seeks directly to influence practice, and "education research" that has substantive value but no necessary practical application. The status of the science here is problematic. The positivist approach is…

Clark, Charles

2011-01-01

325

Federal Information Policy and Management for Electronic Services Delivery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist the Office of Technology Assessment of the U.S. Congress in identifying and resolving policy issues related to the electronic delivery of government services, this study examined selected innovative information technology applications, management practices, and policies that promote experimentation and integration with new electronic…

McClure, Charles R.; And Others

326

Healthcare employers' policies on nurse education.  

PubMed

The 2010 recommendation that the proportion of registered nurses with BSN (bachelor of science in nursing) degrees in the nursing workforce should increase from the current 40% to 80% by the year 2020 has shifted the focus on nurses educational progression from state legislatures-where changes in entry-level requirements were debated for decades-to the executive suites of large healthcare providers. The recommendation, contained in the report titled The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing at the Institute of Medicine, suggests that human resources policies for nurses have the potential to double the rates of college degree completions (IOM, 2010). We surveyed 447 nurse executives in hospitals, nurse-led clinics, and home and hospice companies to explore the current practices of healthcare employers with regard to this recommendation. Almost 80% of respondents reported that their institution either preferred or required newly hired nurses to have a bachelor's degree, and 94% of the facilities offered some level of tuition reimbursement. Only 25%, however, required their nurses to earn a BSN or offered salary differentials on the basis of educational attainment (9%). We conclude that if employers are serious about wanting a more highly educated nurse workforce, they need to adopt requirements for degree completion and wage differentials in the coming years. The likelihood that such policies will be widely adopted, however, is dramatically affected by the dynamics of nursing supply and demand. PMID:24400456

Pittman, Patricia; Herrera, Carolina-Nicole S; Horton, Katherine; Thompson, Pamela A; Ware, Jamie M; Terry, Margaret

2013-01-01

327

Language Policy in Zimbabwean Education: Historical Antecedents and Contemporary Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses issues pertaining to language policy in Zimbabwean education beginning with the establishment of formal education under colonial rule. English is the official language of business, government and education, and the dominant language in the media. Official policy, before and after independence, has been characterised by…

Hungwe, Kedmon

2007-01-01

328

World Bank Policy on Education: A Personal Account  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the author's over two decades of association with the World Bank, this paper reviews the institution's policies and practice on education. It describes why education policy, as revealed by operations, shifted dramatically since the early Bank projects on education and identifies the reasons for such a shift. The paper argues that the…

Psacharopoulos, George

2006-01-01

329

Private Education as a Policy Tool in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses privatization as policy tool to solve educational problems in Turkey. Turkey, as a developing country, is faced with many problems in education. Large class size, low enrollment rate, girl's education, high illiteracy rate, religious education, textbooks, curriculum and multicultural education are some of the important…

Cinoglu, Mustafa

2006-01-01

330

A Social Foundations Approach to Educational Policy Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators hold varied opinions about the nature of the social foundations of education. The social-foundations perspective generally characterizes education as an integrated multidisciplinary approach to the study of education, which focuses on the relationship among social conditions, values, and educational policies. This paper supports the…

Washburn, David E.

331

Satellites for Commonwealth Education: Some Policy Issues. Main Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commonwealth Secretariat commissioned Educational Technology Associates to conduct a study on the educational use of satellites for the Commonwealth Secretariat's Education Program. The study had the following aims: (1) to identify the policy issues that need to be addressed by ministries of education, universities, and other educational

Bates, A. W.

332

The Effects of Health Insurance Coverage on the Math Achievement Trajectories of School Children in Yuma County, Arizona: Implications for Education Accountability Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. Federal and state education policies place considerable emphasis on assessing the effects that schools and teachers have on student test score performance. It is important for education policy makers to also consider other factors that can affect student achievement. This study finds that an exogenous school factor, discontinuous health…

Garcy, Anthony M.

2013-01-01

333

Financial Education for Teachers: The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Banks around the country produce a great number of educational resources for the general public, students, and teachers. The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis has developed a section of their site dedicated to financial education resources specifically for teachers. Located within the "Teaching Aids" area, the site includes a curriculum unit on United States money and a link to the "What is a Dollar Worth" calculator. This interactive calculator helps people understand the relative value of a dollar, and it also provides a bit of background on how the calculator works and what it measures exactly. Additionally, the site contains a link to "The Economic Literacy Project: Seeking a Blueprint for America". Here visitors can review a report on economic literacy and also learn more about recent studies on banking failures and early childhood development.

2010-03-26

334

Financial Education for Teachers: The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Banks around the country produce a great number of educational resources for the general public, students, and teachers. The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis has developed a section of their site dedicated to financial education resources specifically for teachers. Located within the "Teaching Aids" area, the site includes a curriculum unit on United States money and a link to the "What is a Dollar Worth" calculator. This interactive calculator helps people understand the relative value of a dollar, and it also provides a bit of background on how the calculator works and what it measures exactly. Additionally, the site contains a link to "The Economic Literacy Project: Seeking a Blueprint for America". Here visitors can review a report on economic literacy and also learn more about recent studies on banking failures and early childhood development.

335

How Policies of Priority Education Shape Educational Needs: New Fabrications and Contradictions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to interpret how different policies of priority education deal with the notions of "educational needs" and "educational inequalities." Indeed, it is the processes and mechanisms embedded in the deployment of such policies that ultimately model a category of educational need that goes beyond the conceptualization of educational

Alegre, Miquel Angel; Collet, Jordi; Gonzalez, Sheila

2011-01-01

336

Some trade-offs: culture, education, and economic progress on Federal Indian reservations  

SciTech Connect

Federal policies have not been consistent about whether to assimilate American Indians into the larger culture or whether to preserve the reservations. Single-equation, eight-variable regression models are developed to analyze per-capita income and labor-force participation on the reservation. The variables include educational levels, retention of Indian culture, the ratio of tribal to government employees on the reservation, the percentage of labor in agriculture relative to professional jobs, home ownership, automobile ownership, and marriage. A trade-off between education and culture retention is shown for both models in relation to income level. Indian residents who remain on reservations accept lower incomes in order to retain their culture, although continued government investment in reservation programs will raise per-capita income. Educational programs that emphasize traditional culture and cognitive skills can offset the trade-off dilemma of economic development. (DCK)

Murray, S.; Tweeten, L.

1981-04-01

337

Conventional Arms Export Policy of the Russian Federation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the late 1980's the Soviet Union embarked on a major revision of its arms export policy. Grant aid recipients gradually disappeared from delivery ledgers while Moscow pursued inroads into high profit, traditionally Western-dominated markets. The ne...

J. P. Wilkins

1993-01-01

338

Assessing the Regional Economic Consequences of Alternative Federal Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is devoted primarily to the description of IDIOM (Income Determination Input Output Model) as it existed at the conclusion of the research grant period. IDIOM is basically an interactive, inter-industry, national-regional policy evaluation mod...

1977-01-01

339

From Policy to Practice: A South-African Perspective on Implementing Inclusive Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advent of a democracy in South Africa ushered in refreshing changes within the South African context. Given South Africa's dark apartheid history, every policy intervention had to ensure a human rights ethos prevails. Inclusive Education, through the publication of the policy document Education White Paper 6 on Special Needs Education:…

Naicker, Sigamoney

2007-01-01

340

Managing the lifecycle of XACML delegation policies in federated environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an infrastructure that enables the use of administrative delegation in an effective way, reducing the\\u000a complexity in the policy management for some specific scenarios. This infrastructure is in charge of managing the policies\\u000a of the system during its lifecycle, for example when they are created by the users or when they are collected to take an authorization

Manuel Sánchez; Óscar Cánovas; Gabriel López; Antonio F. Gómez-skarmeta

2008-01-01

341

Transition in Education: Policy Making and the Key Educational Policy Areas in the Central-European and Baltic Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines transition in educational systems and identifies key policy areas in Central-Eastern European countries. It summarizes policy implications of the transition process within the educational context of these countries. Chapter 1, "Transition and Education," outlines key characteristics of the transition process and describes the…

Rado, Peter

342

Impacts of Federal Policy Decisions on Alaska Natives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews findings of a four-year study designed to identify and measure the impacts of Federal decisions about the risks associated with large development projects on rural Alaskan populations. Addresses the consequences of off-shore oil and gas development activity. Consequences reinforce an urban bias and sustain dependencies on declining…

McNabb, Steven

1990-01-01

343

Homeland security and information sharing: Federal policy considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inadequate information sharing by federal entities was a factor in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Among the responses to this shortcoming is Section 892 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, which mandates the prescription of homeland security information-sharing procedures by the President. This responsibility has been delegated to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the required procedures

Harold C. Relyea

2004-01-01

344

Federal Tax Policy regarding Universities: Endowments and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast bulk of economic activity in the United States is taxed by the federal government. There are exceptions carved out, primarily for charitable operations, including universities. The rationale is that these organizations serve the public good and should not be reduced in magnitude by the deleterious effects of taxes. Universities in…

Vedder, Richard

2008-01-01

345

Medicaid For Children: Federal Mandates, Welfare Reform, And Policy Backsliding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1996 federal welfare reform law delinked Medicaid enrollment from welfare participation. This paper estimates the impact of welfare reform on children's Medicaid enrollment using a methodology that both adjusts for in- come and other demographic differences over time and across states, and provides income-specific estimates of enrollment. The results indicate large enrollment declines: Between 1995 and 1998, enrollment probabilities

Karl Kronebusch

2001-01-01

346

The National Defense Education Act: A Turning Point in Federal Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Defense Education Act (NDEA) of 1958 changed the federal government's relationship to education. Previously, while the federal government had provided land grants for schools and aid to vocational education, it had been unwilling to fund general education. The Soviet Union's launching of Sputnik in 1957, however, allowed supporters to…

Harden, Thomas K.

347

Morality Politics and Educational Policy: The Abstinence-Only Sex Education Grant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the ability of the public schools to transmit societal norms and mores to students, the educational policy arena is frequently and inevitably immersed in morality politics. Morality politics theorists generally maintain that compromises on morality policies such as sex education are unlikely. However, morality politics can result in educational policies that reflect compromises between absolute positions. The case

Sandra Vergari

2000-01-01

348

Creative State Pre-K Policies Offer Smart Federal Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act offers an opportunity to invest in programs with the greatest educational and economic benefits. Members of Congress should look to states for flexible, innovative, bipartisan strategies to gradually grow pre-k programs. This brief highlights some of the most promising state efforts to…

Pew Center on the States, 2011

2011-01-01

349

Expanding policy options for educating teenagers.  

PubMed

David Stern argues that some basic features of the American high school must be modified if it is to serve all students successfully. He notes, for example, that only three-quarters of U.S. high school students graduate four years after beginning ninth grade and that the National Assessment of Educational Progress found no improvement in reading or mathematics for seventeen-year-olds between 1971 and 2004. The nation's system for educating teenagers, says Stern, seems to be stuck, despite the constant efforts of teachers and repeated waves of reform. Citing two widely accepted public purposes of educating teenagers-preparation for civic participation and for economic self-sufficiency-Stern proposes four new strategies to achieve those goals. He draws on empirical evidence suggesting that these are promising directions for research and policy, but acknowledges that existing studies provide only limited guidance. First, he says, schools should continue the current trend toward integrating educational options to provide young people with skills and experiences that pave the way to both college and careers. Second, states and districts should tie education funding not simply to the number of students attending school, but also to what young people learn, whether they graduate, and whether they find jobs or enroll in postsecondary education. Such a move, he argues, would encourage teaching and learning formats that use students' time more effectively. Third, more adults in addition to classroom teachers should be involved in educating teenagers. Other adults acting as academic advisers, learning coaches, student advocates, internship supervisors, mentors, and college counselors could help guide the education of teenagers inside and outside of school and provide some relief for the chronic shortage of teachers. Fourth, schools should expand the options for educating teenagers outside of geographically fixed schools. Combining improved Internet-based curriculum with internships and civic engagement projects, for example, may produce better results for many young people and also may promote academic achievement for teenagers who do not thrive in conventional classrooms and for those who face academic and social challenges when they move from one place to another. Stern argues that the limited success of today's high schools makes such new initiatives well worth trying and evaluating. www.futureofchildren.org PMID:21141711

Stern, David

2009-01-01

350

The divergence of federal and state policies on the charitable tax exemption of nonprofit hospitals.  

PubMed

Nonprofit hospitals have traditionally enjoyed charitable exemption from real estate taxes because they provide specific social benefits. However, in the past three decades, major health policy changes at the federal level--most significantly, implementation of the Medicare and Medicaid programs--have weakened this rationale. Federal tax regulations during this period have changed in ways that complement these federal health programs and the accompanying federal interests in encouraging efficiency and performance uniformity among hospitals. States and local governments, however, have different interests, and these may favor a strict set of tax exemption standards that disregard efficiency and elevate the importance of a measurable level of charitable service. Their divergent policies rest on a fundamental value judgment about whether nonprofit hospital care is intrinsically charitable or not. Increasingly, this judgment may be forced upon state courts and legislation by local governments seeking new tax revenues through the elimination of hospitals' exemption from real estate taxes. PMID:8077636

Potter, M A; Longest, B B

1994-01-01

351

Teacher Educators in the Federally Supported Programs of Agricultural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This historical record of the organizational background and activities of ." American Association of Teacher Educators in Agriculture (AATEA) was an outgrowth of an action taken by the executive committee in 1957. Part I contains information relating to the history of the parent organizations: (1) Ten-year Teacher Trainers, 1929-1950, and (2)…

Ekstrom, G.F., Comp.

352

75 FR 6359 - List of Institutions of Higher Education Ineligible for Federal Funds  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary List of Institutions of Higher Education Ineligible for Federal Funds...to identify institutions of higher education that are ineligible for contracts...part 216. The institutions of higher education so identified are:...

2010-02-09

353

75 FR 48953 - List of Institutions of Higher Education Ineligible for Federal Funds  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary List of Institutions of Higher Education Ineligible for Federal Funds...to identify institutions of higher education that are ineligible for contracts...part 216. The institutions of higher education so identified are the...

2010-08-12

354

76 FR 19752 - List of Institutions of Higher Education Ineligible for Federal Funds  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary List of Institutions of Higher Education Ineligible for Federal Funds...to identify institutions of higher education that are ineligible for contracts...part 216. The institutions of higher education so identified are:...

2011-04-08

355

75 FR 32420 - Student Assistance General Provisions, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Educational Assistance Partnership, William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan, Academic Competitiveness Grant, National Science and Mathematics Access To Retain Talent Grant, and Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education Programs Correction...

2010-06-08

356

75 FR 37415 - Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Training Program for Federal TRIO...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Postsecondary Education; Overview Information; Training Program for Federal...b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended...annually at least one training session, covering...

2010-06-29

357

34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this policyâresearch conducted or supported by any...

2013-07-01

358

45 CFR 46.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects § 46.103 Assuring compliance with this policyâresearch conducted or supported by any...

2013-10-01

359

40 CFR 26.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal...Policy for Protection of Subjects in Human Research Conducted or Supported by EPA § 26...Assuring compliance with this policyâresearch conducted or supported by any...

2013-07-01

360

From PLATO to Podcasts: Fifty Years of Federal Involvement in Educational Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates the effects of federal initiatives in educational technology in elementary and secondary education over the past half-century. While federal resources have been diluted across many programs, this paper focuses on the few initiatives in which the federal role was substantial and integral. The findings from this paper have…

Cherian, Mathew

2009-01-01

361

The Evaluation of English Education Policies. CEE DP 131  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational inequalities are evident even before children start school. Some educational achievement gaps widen out as individuals progress further through the education sequence and into the labour market, especially those connected to disadvantaged students. Thus, there is a significant need for careful evaluation of educational policies that…

Machin, Stephen; McNally, Sandra

2011-01-01

362

(Education: Sector Policy Paper. Third Edition) [In Arabic; Japanese].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper updates the World Bank's interpretation of education development and outlines a policy framework for lending for education. After chapters on the relationship between education and development and on the state of education development, the paper devotes a chapter to each of five issues: the expansion and equalization of…

Haddad, Wadi D.; And Others

363

34 CFR 222.21 - What requirements must a local educational agency meet concerning Federal acquisition of real...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...concerning Federal acquisition of real property within the local educational agency...IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Payments for Federal Property Under Section 8002 of the Act § 222...concerning Federal acquisition of real property within the local educational...

2013-07-01

364

Global Trends in Educational Policy. International Perspectives on Education and Society. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of International Perspectives on Education and Society highlights the valuable role that educational policy plays in the development of education and society around the world. The role of policy in the development of education is crucial. Much rests on the decisions, support, and most of all resources that policymakers can either give…

Baker, David, Ed.; Wiseman, Alex, Ed.

2005-01-01

365

Federal Government Health, Education, and Welfare Programs of Assistance to American Indians Residing on Federal Reservations (Including Table of Contents and Index).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal health, education, and welfare programs for 1970 benefiting American Indians residing on Federal reservations are listed. The report is divided into 3 sections: (1) Federal Indian programs aimed at improving or providing Indian health services, tribal management services, housing, higher education, and conservation; (2) Federal programs…

Langone, Stephen A.

366

Australian Early Childhood Educators: From Government Policy to University Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the Australian Federal Government initiatives in the area of early childhood with regard to the provision of early childhood education and care. These changes have influenced a Western Australian university to develop an innovative birth to 8 years preservice educator education curriculum. Using an ecological…

Davies, Sharon; Trinidad, Sue

2013-01-01

367

The Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu and Researching Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bourdieu did not write anything explicitly about education policy. Despite this neglect, we agree with van Zanten that his theoretical concepts and methodological approaches can contribute to researching and understanding education policy in the context of globalisation and the economising of it. In applying Bourdieu's theory and methodology to…

Rawolle, Shaun; Lingard, Bob

2008-01-01

368

Differences across States in Higher Education Finance Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, public higher education finance policy is primarily decided at the state level, and policies can vary dramatically across state lines. Data was used from 1989-1990 and 2008-2009 to describe these differences and how they have changed over time. Numerous aspects of each state's higher education system were examined--average…

Cheslock, John J.; Hughes, Rodney P.

2011-01-01

369

Childhood Diabesity: International Applications for Health Education and Health Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health policy has a direct impact on health education initiatives, health care delivery, resource allocation, and quality of life. Increasing rates in the epidemics of obesity and obesity-dependent diabetes mellitus (aka diabesity) suggest that health policy changes should be included in health education and disease prevention strategies. Health…

Pinzon-Perez, Helda; Kotkin-Jaszi, Suzanne; Perez, Miguel A.

2010-01-01

370

Wither the Neighborhood? Education Policy, Neoliberal Globalization and Gentrification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is part of broader ongoing attempts to demonstrate that shifts in educational policy can be understood as mutually constitutive with the changing nature of contemporary cities, including changes in urban policy. In this paper, the author wants to explore one aspect of these broader attempts, namely the relationships between education

Gulson, Kalervo N.

2009-01-01

371

The Role of Health Education in Public Policy Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health educators should view policy development as a unit of professional practice analogous to the individual, the small group, the community, and the organization. The impact of policy on other units of practice and on people served by health educators is too great and the competition for scarce resources for health and human services is too keen to be disregarded.

Allan Steckler; Leonard Dawson

1982-01-01

372

Regional Identity, Language and Education Policy in Switzerland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that identity and language issues are a powerful influence on education politics and policies in Switzerland. Uses the introduction of second language instruction as a case study to illustrate why and how education policy reflects Switzerland's cultural, linguistic diversity, and the strong local and regional identities of its citizens.…

Hega, Gunther M.

2001-01-01

373

Hobson's Choice: Education Policies in the 2010 General Election  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarises the policies relating to families, children and education which were presented to the electorate by the three main parties in their manifestos, together with the policies listed in the Coalition's "Programme for Government". The author concludes with a few observations on the future of state education in England.

Gillard, Derek

2010-01-01

374

State of the States, 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State of the States 2012" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based primarily on results from the AEP Arts Education State Policy Survey conducted in 2010-11, and updated in April 2012.

Arts Education Partnership (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

375

Policy Spaces, Mobile Discourses, and the Definition of Educated Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to analyse the circulation of discourse in the global educational field and its relation to local-specific education policies and practices. The first section examines the logic of networks and relates it to the specificities of the networks of interaction that, it is argued, constitute "global policy spaces" in…

Beech, Jason

2009-01-01

376

Educational Access in South Africa. Country Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schools in South Africa. It outlines policy and legislation on access to education and provides a statistical analysis of access, vulnerability and exclusion. It is based on findings from the Country Analytic Review on Educational Access in South Africa (Motala et al, 2007) [ED508808]…

Motala, S.; Dieltens, V.; Carrim, N.; Kgobe, P.; Moyo, G.; Rembe, S.

2008-01-01

377

Lifelong Learning: Conceptualizations in European Educational Policy Documents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over recent years, lifelong learning has been a central and guiding principle in the formulation of European educational policies. Within this general framework, the authors have been developing a research project that allows them to approach the theme of lifelong learning and European educational policies, taking into account four levels of…

Alves, Mariana Gaio; Neves, Claudia; Gomes, Elisabete Xavier

2010-01-01

378

Education for All: Policy Lessons from High-Achieving Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws upon case studies of countries that universalized primary education early in their development process and rapidly increased secondary enrollments thereafter. Examines the common elements of social and education policy among these high achievers, and also evaluates the policy lessons for other developing countries from the experience of…

Mehrotra, Santosh

1998-01-01

379

Child Labour, Education Policy and Governance in Cambodia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how the issue of child labour is located in Cambodian education policy debates and how it is affected by the major constraints surrounding the Cambodian education sector. In particular, it asks why Cambodian policy makers have not sought to address the issue explicitly despite its considerable, and adverse, impact on…

Kim, Chae-Young

2011-01-01

380

Higher Education Policy: The Evolution of a Journal Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the contributions to the journal "Higher Education Policy," celebrating its twenty-fifth birthday. It describes and analyses the themes addressed by the authors and the institutional background of the 1,172 contributors to the 812 papers. The analysis confirms the focus of the journal on higher education policy,…

Huisman, Jeroen

2013-01-01

381

GLBTIQ Teachers in Australian Education Policy: Protections, Suspicions, and Restrictions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognition of human rights on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and intersex status by the United Nations has led to the development of new policies concerning homophobia and transphobia in educational contexts. This paper examines new Australian education policies impacting gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer…

Jones, Tiffany; Gray, Emily; Harris, Anne

2014-01-01

382

Educational Assessment Policy and Practice: A Matter of Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Long-standing concerns within the field of educational assessment consider the impact of assessment policy and practice as matters of equity, inequality and social justice. Yet educational assessment policy and practice continues to have powerful social consequences for key users such as children and young people. This paper re-positions these…

Elwood, Jannette

2013-01-01

383

A New Research Agenda for Educational Leadership and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies some new research issues and sketches out some new research questions for education policy and leadership researchers as a response to ongoing changes in the landscape of English education policy. Three interrelated issues are considered: leadership, values and interests, and ownership. It argues for the need to ask new…

Ball, Stephen J.

2011-01-01

384

Educational Quality, Outcomes Assessment, and Policy Change: The Virginia Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education system in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States provides a case model for how discussions regarding educational quality and assessment of that quality have affected institutions' policy decisions and implementation. Using Levin's (1998) policy analysis framework, this essay explores how assessment of student…

Culver, Steve

2010-01-01

385

Critical Leadership and Social Justice: Research, Policy and Educational Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of educational policies emanating from issues relating to globalized societies, schooling is becoming increasingly standardized, not only in terms of assessment and evaluation, but also in terms of processes, policies and procedures. Two issues, "zero tolerance" and "full inclusion" policies are discussed as representative of…

White, Robert Earle; Cooper, Karyn

2012-01-01

386

Voices from the Classroom: Educational Practice Can Inform Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational policy discussions typically exclude the teacher's voice and ignore constraints of time, energy, and resources that challenge teachers and hinder policy implementation. The case studies presented in this monograph attempt to restore the teacher's perspective. Rather than analyzing policy shortfalls stemming from teacher "apathy" or…

Flinders, David J.

387

Educational Change in Scotland: Policy, Context and Biography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The poor success rate of policy for curriculum change has been widely noted in the educational change literature. Part of the problem lies in the complexity of schools, as policy-makers have proven unable to micro-manage the multifarious range of factors that impact upon the implementation of policy. This article draws upon empirical data from a…

Priestley, M.; Miller, K.

2012-01-01

388

Policy as Numbers: Ac/Counting for Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an account and a critique of the rise of the contemporary policy as numbers phenomenon and considers its effects on policy and for educational research. Policy as numbers is located within the literatures on numbers in politics and the statistics/state relationship and, while recognising the longevity of the latter…

Lingard, Bob

2011-01-01

389

On failures in education and public policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Education of the public and the resulting policies in many matters are grossly inadequate. Included as a small list of four samples of failings in vital matters are: 1. Societal Cohesiveness: A profound change in the school system will yield great benefit for the nation (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/publicservice.html.). 2. Lack of understanding regarding the coming avian flu pandemic (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/ElyFluMES.pdf). 3. Severe Hg intoxication from dentistry due to profound multifaceted ignorance (Ely JTA, Mercury induced Alzheimer's disease: accelerating incidence? Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2001; 67(6),800-6). 4. The end of the world by global warming due to Christian religion forcing family planning money to be withheld from UN leading to population excess (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/CO2runaway.html).

Ely, John T. A.

2007-04-01

390

Funding Education Beyond High School, 2009-10. The Guide to Federal Student Aid.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal Student Aids core mission is to ensure that all eligible individuals benefit from federal financial assistance-grants, work-study, and loans for education beyond high school. The programs we administer comprise the nations largest source of studen...

2009-01-01

391

Funding Education Beyond High School, 2006-07: The Guide to Federal Student Aid.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal Student Aid's core mission is to ensure that all eligible Americans benefit from federal financial assistance- grants, loans and work-study programs-for education beyond high school. The programs we administer comprise the nation's largest source ...

2006-01-01

392

Radical Reform or Incremental Change? Student Loan Policy Alternatives for the Federal Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal student loan program is examined with focus on how well it will serve the country's needs in the 1990s and beyond. A series of papers are presented in two parts. Part one, Student Loan Policy and Proposals for Change, includes the following papers: "Appearance and Reality in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program" (M. McPherson); "Neither…

Gladieux, Lawrence E., Ed.

393

Proprietary Business Schools and Community Colleges: Resource Allocation, Student Needs, and Federal Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study's main objectives were: to describe management techniques and incentives used to operate successful proprietary vocational schools; to compare these techniques and incentives with those existing at community colleges; and to review Federal policies affecting the utilization of proprietary vocational schools. Data and information for the…

Erickson, Edward W.; And Others

394

Federal Civil Rights Policy and Mental Health Treatment Access for Persons with Limited English Proficiency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As noted in the supplement to the U.S. Surgeon General's report on mental health (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001), overcoming language access barriers associated with limited English proficiency (LEP) should help to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in mental health care access and quality. Federal policy requires…

Snowden, Lonnie R.; Masland, Mary; Guerrero, Rachel

2007-01-01

395

A Comprehensive Federal Literacy Agenda: Moving beyond Inoculation Approaches to Literacy Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents her brief comments on the issues of effectiveness and sustainability: the lack of a comprehensive and cohesive federal policy that supports literacy learning across the lifespan. The author has taken up this issue in her own work, in attempts to challenge unproductive dichotomies of everyday and scientific or…

Gutierrez, Kris D.

2009-01-01

396

Federal Policy Towards State and Local Economic Development in the 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests new federal policies towards state and local economic development assistance to business. I argue that there is some evidence that these programs can be effective in encouraging business growth and helping the unemployed. But state and local governments do not have the right incentives to adequately pursue national goals through economic development programs. State and local governments

Timothy J. Bartik

1993-01-01

397

The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Federal support for science and technology, or hidden industrial policy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case of the National Nanotechnology Initiative highlights elements of industrial policy carried out by the U.S. government not only by setting rules and providing infrastructure, but also by strategically selecting technology of the next generation and arranging large-scale public investment. The federal government justified the Initiative by calling for the scientific need for industrial competitiveness, an explicit integration of

Yasuyuki Motoyama; Richard Appelbaum; Rachel Parker

2011-01-01

398

Neuroscience in the Capital: Linking Brain Research and Federal Early Childhood Programs and Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Each year the federal government disburses billions of dollars to support young children, with a particular focus on assisting families facing hardships. Policies for children revolve around several fundamental themes, including the promotion of physical health and high-quality environments, intellectual and language skills,…

Sripada, Kam

2012-01-01

399

Watching the Watchers: The Coordination of Federal Privacy Policy. Number 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this policy briefing, the technological developments of recent years are linked to the erosion of individuals' informational privacy under the press of bureaucratic efficiency and the ever-growing needs of executive agencies for more information. It is noted that privacy protection within federal agencies may entail costs, and therefore, may be…

Trubow, George

400

The Child Care Market: A Review of the Evidence and Implications for Federal Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews and critiques several existing studies of the child care market in order to determine the factors which lead families with working mothers to use different modes of child care. This analysis is further used to discuss federal policies which affect the child care market. Studies reviewed use different data sources and…

Hill, C. Russell

401

Flexible Workplace Policies: Lessons from the Federal Alternative Work Schedules Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study uses a feminist framework to examine the 7-year process by which the Federal Alternative Work Schedules Act (1978-1985) became law and the reasons for reenergized implementation in the 1990s. We analyze the legislative discourse for rationale in support of and opposition to this policy, connect findings to current flexible work…

Liechty, Janet M.; Anderson, Elaine A.

2007-01-01

402

Flexible Workplace Policies: Lessons From the Federal Alternative Work Schedules Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study uses a feminist framework to examine the 7-year process by which the Federal Alternative Work Schedules Act (1978 - 1985) became law and the reasons for reenergized implementation in the 1990s. We analyze the legislative discourse for rationale in support of and opposition to this policy, connect findings to current flexible work research, and identify criteria for

Janet M. Liechty; Elaine A. Anderson

2007-01-01

403

Protecting our life support systems: US federal research and policy on ecosystem services  

EPA Science Inventory

In the United States, a broad range of federal entities are conducting research related to ecosystem services, and government agencies at all levels are increasingly interested in measuring the outcomes of proposed policy options in terms of ecosystem service benefits. However, ...

404

Decolonizing the Evidence-Based Education and Policy Movement: Revealing the Colonial Vestiges in Educational Policy, Research, and Neoliberal Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing body of literature discussing evidence-based education, practice, policy, and decision-making from a critical perspective. In this article, drawing on the literature and policy documents related to evidence-based education in the USA, Britain, and Canada, I join this critique and offer an anticolonial perspective. I argue that…

Shahjahan, Riyad Ahmed

2011-01-01

405

Conservative Think Tanks and Higher Education Policy: Selected Public Policy Research Institutes and Their Views on Issues in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to describe four conservative public policy research institutions as organizations in comparison with more traditional policy organizations such as the Brookings Institution, and (2) to examine their views on current issues in higher education in relation to selected national higher education reports.…

Willis, Susan Marie

1991-01-01

406

Government and Educational Reform: Policy Networks in Policy-Making in Zimbabwe, 1980-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on the key actors in education policy making in Zimbabwe. It looks at the contextual complexities that characterized policy-making in this country to make sense of the contestations that the state had to confront and accommodate. The policy network approach is employed as an analytical framework to clarify how, in particular…

Moyo, Nathan; Modiba, Maropeng M.

2013-01-01

407

Interpretation of the SI for the United States and metric conversion policy for Federal agencies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication replaces National Bureau of Standards (NBS) Letter Circular LC1132 published April 19, 1982. It reprints the Department of Commerce, NIST, Federal Register notice of December 20, 1990 titled 'Metric System Measurement; Interpretation of the International System of Units for the United States' (the International System of Units, abbreviated SI, is the modernized metric system); the Department of Commerce, Office of the Secretary. Federal Register notice of January 2, 1991 titled 'Metric Conversion Policy for Federal Agencies'; and Executive Order 12770 issued by the President of the United States on July 25, 1991 titled 'Metric Usage in Federal Government Programs.' The first Federal Register notice restates the Department of Commerce's interpretation of the International System of Units for the United States that was last published by the Department in 1982; the second revises the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) to remove the voluntary aspect of the conversion to the metric system of measurement for Federal agencies; and the Executive Order provides Presidential authority and direction for the use of the metric system of measurement by Federal departments and agencies in their programs. Also included is a diagram that shows graphically how the 19 SI derived units with special names are derived in a coherent manner from the SI base and supplementary units.

Taylor, B. N.

1991-10-01

408

Early Care and Education: Work Support for Families and Developmental Opportunity for Young Children. Occasional Paper. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses the 1997 National Survey of America's Families to examine child care patterns for young children in the United States. The paper examines three general features of children's early care and education participation: (1) primary care arrangements, classified as center-based care, family child care, relative care, nanny or babysitter,…

Tout, Kathryn; Zaslow, Martha; Papillo, Angela Romano; Vandivere, Sharon

409

Towards a theory and practice of policy engagement: Higher education research policy in the making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic engagement with higher education research policy in Australia, and with education policy more generally, is in crisis.\\u000a This time around, it is not just that our theoretical tools are blunt and irrelevant (Ball 1990), so are our politics. It\\u000a seems our attention has been so consumed by “what is policy” (Ball 1994a) and with challenging its claims to authority,

Trevor Gale

2006-01-01

410

Education Policy-Planning Process: An Applied Framework. Fundamentals of Educational Planning 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides an introduction to the educational policy-making process for both experienced and new planners. Policy is defined as decisions designed to guide future decisions or to initiate and guide the implementation of previous decisions. Case studies of Burkina Faso, Jordan, Peru, and Thailand show how educational policy has played…

Haddad, Wadi D.; Demsky, Terri

411

Fifty years of federal radioactive waste management: Policies and practices  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a chronological history of policies and practices relating to the management of radioactive waste for which the US Atomic Energy Commission and its successor agencies, the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Department of Energy, have been responsible since the enactment of the Atomic Energy Act in 1946. The defense programs and capabilities that the Commission inherited in 1947 are briefly described. The Commission undertook a dramatic expansion nationwide of its physical facilities and program capabilities over the five years beginning in 1947. While the nuclear defense activities continued to be a major portion of the Atomic Energy Commission`s program, there was added in 1955 the Atoms for Peace program that spawned a multiplicity of peaceful use applications for nuclear energy, e.g., the civilian nuclear power program and its associated nuclear fuel cycle; a variety of industrial applications; and medical research, diagnostic, and therapeutic applications. All of these nuclear programs and activities generated large volumes of radioactive waste that had to be managed in a manner that was safe for the workers, the public, and the environment. The management of these materials, which varied significantly in their physical, chemical, and radiological characteristics, involved to varying degrees the following phases of the waste management system life cycle: waste characterization, storage, treatment, and disposal, with appropriate transportation linkages. One of the benefits of reviewing the history of the waste management program policies and practices if the opportunity it provides for identifying the lessons learned over the years. Examples are summarized at the end of the report and are listed in no particular order of importance.

Bradley, R.G.

1997-04-01

412

The Colorado Crisis Education and Response Network: an analysis of policy and practices.  

PubMed

The Federal government has recognized the importance of including behavioral health in disaster response plans and policies. Many states have responded to these directives with the development and implementation of disaster behavioral health response teams. The Colorado Crisis Education and Response Network (CoCERN) is a statewide asset that is based in community partnerships formed to deliver effective, efficient, and professional disaster behavioral health services to communities impacted by a disaster Using the K. McInnis-Dittrich model of policy analysis, this paper analyzes this approach to disaster behavioral health response. Strengths and weaknesses of the program, as well as implications for practice are discussed. PMID:21957752

Crepeau-Hobson, Franci; Drennen, Curt

2011-01-01

413

Nothing But Praise: Thoughts on the Ties Between Higher Education and the Federal Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Study Commission on Undergraduate Education and the Education of Teachers is charged by the U. S. Office of Education to concern itself with the reforming of undergraduate education as it relates to the education of teachers. Part of the process of reform is likely to involve the federal government's granting of money to institutions of higher…

Pino, Lewis N.; Boulding, Kenneth

414

International Perspectives on Educational Reform and Policy Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on educational change processes in the context of larger scale educational reform. The first of 2 volumes, the book contains 11 chapters that examine the historical, social, and economic forces at work in the formulation and implementation of educational policy. The chapters present different cross-cultural experiences of…

Carter, David S. G., Ed.; O'Neill, Marnie H., Ed.

415

Homeless and Special Education Administrative Collaboration: Recommendations. Policy Forum Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Forum at the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) and the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) worked together to collect information regarding the need for a policy forum on the topic of administrative collaboration between school personnel who support homeless education under the McKinney-Vento…

Bowman, Diana; Burdette, Paula; Julianelle, Patricia

2008-01-01

416

Educational Policy on Emotional Intelligence: Does It Make Sense?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational policy on emotional intelligence appears to be based more on mass-media science journalism than on actual educational and psychological research. The first section of this article provides an overview of the research areas of emotional intelligence, social and emotional learning, and character education; it further examines how these areas became linked in the popular press. The second section examines

John D. Mayer; Casey D. Cobb

2000-01-01

417

Transitions to Adulthood for Homeless Adolescents: Education and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education plays a critical role in how adolescents mature into adults. A vulnerable, and often forgotten, sub-population of the poor is homeless youth, for whom lack of a stable or adequate residence creates a unique set of educational barriers. The Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) spent 18 months documenting the experiences of…

Tierney, William G.; Gupton, Jarrett T.; Hallett, Ronald E.

2008-01-01

418

Pre-School Educational Research: Linking Policy with Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the policy premise that good quality preschool education is an important contribution to children's emotional, social, and intellectual progress, this book reports the findings of the Scottish Officer Educational Research Unit's research program, which looked at various aspects of preschool education in Scotland. The areas investigated…

Wilson, Valerie, Ed.; Ogden-Smith, Jane, Ed.

419

The Education Roadmap in South Africa. Policy Brief Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A response to the precarious state of the public education system in South Africa, the Education Roadmap and its 10 Point Programme is a multi-layered policy intervention intended to galvanise educational policymakers and practitioners into action, get schools the support they need, get teachers teaching and learners learning, and ultimately…

Bloch, Graeme

2009-01-01

420

Teachers' Perceptions of Greek Special Education Policies and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special education teachers and related service providers were interviewed for their perspectives on Greek special education policies and practices and how these influenced their job preparation and duties. Specifically, they were asked about the impact of the following on their jobs: Greek law related to the education of students with…

Miller, Kevin J.; Morfidi, Eleni; Soulis, Spyros

2013-01-01

421

Creationism and intelligent design: Presence in the Brazilian educational policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In research was found the penetrance of Creationism and intelligent design policy and education in Brazil. We analyzed political events and education that could somehow spread the creationism and intelligent design. Finally, it found educational realities that address these two theories. This movement is wide. Polls show most of the population in favor of creationism together active and influential entity

Heslley Machado Silva; Isabelle Gonçalves de Oliveira Prado

2010-01-01

422

The Education Policy Work of William Demmert, Jr.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article traces the Native American education policy career of William Demmert, Jr. from the development and implementation of the Indian Education Act of 1972 through the implementation of the Executive Order on American Indian and Alaska Native Education signed by President Clinton to the initiation of a unique research partnership to…

Beaulieu, David L.

2011-01-01

423

Ontario's Policy Framework for Environmental Education: Indoctrination and Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outdoor educators should find little to like in the Ontario government's new policy framework for environmental education. Released in February 2009, the document, titled "Acting Today, Shaping Tomorrow," relies heavily on the 2007 Report of the Working Group on Environmental Education in Ontario, "Shaping Our Schools, Shaping Our Future," also…

Pardy, Bruce

2010-01-01

424

Administrators' and Policy Makers' Views of Community Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of articles presents the views of policy makers and administrators about community education. Following the introduction by Larry Decker titled "Community Education: The Basic Tenets," the articles are contained in three sections. Section 1 (The Potential of Community Education) contains articles titled as follows: "Tomorrow's…

Decker, Larry E., Ed.; Decker, Virginia A., Ed.

425

Inclusive Education Policy in New Zealand: Reality or Ruse?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Zealand, like many countries, is beginning the journey towards a more inclusive education system. This paper examines inclusive education in New Zealand, and in particular policy related to inclusive education. New Zealand has the chance to make inclusion a reality, but as Skrtic (1991) points out this will require a different way of thinking…

Kearney, Alison; Kane, Ruth

2006-01-01

426

A Comparative Approach to Art Education Policy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges and opportunities of globalization require art education scholars and practitioners to develop international competencies, but research in the specific field of comparative art education is very limited at present. In this article, I provide a pragmatic framework for studying art education policy as a subfield of comparative…

Dewey, Patricia

2008-01-01

427

Regional Disparities and Public Policy in Tunisian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how Tunisia's national educational program is implemented unevenly in different regions with resulting disadvantages for rural populations, especially rural girls and women. Specifies ways the politics and public policy appear to influence regional differences in educational outcomes. Examines educational, economic, and political…

Jones, Marie T.

1986-01-01

428

Accreditation Policies of Turkey in Primary and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's quality of education is being improved in order to become a member of EU (European Union), and Turkey is following the EU's system of educational policies. In the field of education, to encourage teaching and learning, accreditation process is used. It helps programs improve and be accountable for their quality. Accreditation provides…

Furuzan, Verda Gizem

2012-01-01

429

Individualized Educational Programming. Policy Paper Series: Document 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This product of the Leadership Training Institute/Vocational and Special Education contains a series of policy papers focusing on the impact of the Individualized Education Program (IEP) provision upon vocational education programming for handicapped youth. Nine papers are included: (1) Legislative Issues and Perspectives: IEPs for Handicapped…

Phelps, L. Allen, Ed.

430

Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

New, William

2012-01-01

431

Evolution Education in Policy and Practice: An Ethnographic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evolution education in the US is conducted unevenly, or in cases is absent. Showing the strength of ethnography as a means of deeper explication in science education, this article explores the interactions of policy and practice in evolution education. Discussing vignettes from a larger ethnographic study, Creationist rationales and practices…

Long, David E.

2012-01-01

432

Education Policy Studies in South Africa, 1995-2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on findings pertaining to scholarship in education policy drawn from a wider study on all education research in South Africa from 1995 to 2006. This study, which defined education research as broadly pertaining to teaching and/or learning, obtained extensive data from a wide range of sources, including universities, public…

Deacon, Roger; Osman, Ruksana; Buchler, Michelle

2010-01-01

433

Sexuality education school policy for Australian GLBTIQ students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education is state-run in Australia, and within each of the eight states and territories there are both government and independent schooling systems. This paper details the position of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (GLBTIQ) students within Australian education policy documents nationally, focusing on the three largest states and educational sectors in Australia. Survey data are used to report

Tiffany Mary Jones; Lynne Hillier

2012-01-01

434

World Bank education policy: market liberalism meets ideological conservatism.  

PubMed

Neoliberalism does not consider education a strategic investment. World Bank discourse for Latin America lacks a medium- and long-term view and is based on a short-term cost-benefit analysis. The Bank's education policy is determined by "adjustment" of countries economies so that they can go on paying their external debts. The goal is to eliminate educational expenses for the states by keeping education for elites, breaking up and privatizing the large public education systems, and nullifying teachers' contracts. To justify its policy, the Bank argues that governments should stop financing secondary and higher education and instead focus on primary education, where investments would be more efficient. But at the same time, governments should shift the financing of primary education to the private sector. Teachers' unions are now at the forefront of opposition to the World Bank's education reforms. PMID:9142599

Puiggrós, A

1997-01-01

435

School Board Policies on Negotiations. [Educational Policies Development Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the 19th in a continuing series of kit-booklets issued to help school boards develop written policies in key areas. The intent in providing samples is to encourage thinking in policy terms; and to provide working papers to be edited, modified or adapted to meet local requirements. The negotiation subtopics covered in the samples include…

National School Boards Association, Waterford, CT. Educational Policies Service.

436

Using federal technology policy to strength the US microelectronics industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review of US and Japanese experiences with using microelectronics consortia as a tool for strengthening their respective industries reveals major differences. Japan has established catch-up consortia with focused goals. These consortia have a finite life targeted from the beginning, and emphasis is on work that supports or leads to product and process-improvement-driven commercialization. Japan's government has played a key role in facilitating the development of consortia and has used consortia promote domestic competition. US consortia, on the other hand, have often emphasized long-range research with considerably less focus than those in Japan. The US consortia have searched for and often made revolutionary technology advancements. However, technology transfer to their members has been difficult. Only SEMATECH has assisted its members with continuous improvements, compressing product cycles, establishing relationships, and strengthening core competencies. The US government has not been a catalyst nor provided leadership in consortia creation and operation. We propose that in order to regain world leadership in areas where US companies lag foreign competition, the US should create industry-wide, horizontal-vertical, catch-up consortia or continue existing consortia in the six areas where the US lags behind Japan -- optoelectronics, displays, memories, materials, packaging, and manufacturing equipment. In addition, we recommend that consortia be established for special government microelectronics and microelectronics research integration and application. We advocate that these consortia be managed by an industry-led Microelectronics Alliance, whose establishment would be coordinated by the Department of Commerce. We further recommend that the Semiconductor Research Corporation, the National Science Foundation Engineering Research Centers, and relevant elements of other federal programs be integrated into this consortia complex.

Gover, J. E.; Gwyn, C. W.

1994-07-01

437

Decolonizing the evidence?based education and policy movement: revealing the colonial vestiges in educational policy, research, and neoliberal reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing body of literature discussing evidence?based education, practice, policy, and decision?making from a critical perspective. In this article, drawing on the literature and policy documents related to evidence?based education in the USA, Britain, and Canada, I join this critique and offer an anticolonial perspective. I argue that proponents of evidence?based education unknowingly promote a colonial discourse and

Riyad Ahmed Shahjahan

2011-01-01

438

Does Character Education "Really" Support Citizenship Education? Examining the Claims of an Ontario Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The claim that the character education policy of a school board in Ontario, Canada supports citizenship education is examined. 181 documents were analyzed to determine the ways the policy supports and/or undermines citizenship education's goal to prepare students to become "knowledgeable individuals committed to active participation in a pluralist…

Winton, Sue

2007-01-01

439

Present Early Childhood Educare Policy in South Africa. National Education Policy Integration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of preschool education and day care (educare) in South Africa is summarized in this report. The first of five parts quotes relevant national and provincial laws that apply to preschool education in South Africa. The second part outlines the national government's preschool education policies, as set forth in the 1983 White Paper on the…

Atmore, Eric

440

Should Prisoners Have Access to Collegiate Education? A Policy Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although postsecondary correctional education (PSCE) programs are available in most state and federal prisons, some taxpayers object to such "largesse" in the face of increasing higher education costs. This article addresses the most common objections to PSCE programming, refutes those arguments, and demonstrates the wide-ranging positive results,…

Taylor, Jon Marc

1994-01-01

441

Opportunity through Education: Two Proposals. Policy Brief Number 181  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new normal for local, state and federal governments is fiscal austerity. Although President Obama supported education during his State of the Union address and in his budget proposal to Congress, cash-strapped localities and states--which foot most of the bill for educating America's children--may have to balance their budgets with cuts to…

Whitehurst, Grover J.

2011-01-01

442

Maximizing Education Data Use in SREB States. Policy on Point  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For nearly a decade, the demand for better education data has reverberated across the nation, fueled in part by concerns that the information used in education decision-making is incomplete and, in some cases, inaccurate. In response, millions of federal and state dollars have been invested over the last few years to design and build state-of…

Gagne, Jeff

2011-01-01

443

Conceptual framework for describing selected urban and community impacts of federal energy policies  

SciTech Connect

A conceptual framework is presented for describing selected urban and community impacts of Federal energy policies. The framework depends on a simple causal model. The outputs of the model are impacts, changes in the state of the world of particular interest to policymakers. At any given time, a set of determinants account for the state of the world with respect to an impact category. Application of the model to a particular impact category requires: establishing a definition and measure for the impact category and identifying the determinants of these impacts. Analysis of the impact of a particular policy requires the following: identifying the policy and its effects (as estimated by others), isolating any effects that themselves constitute an urban and community impact, identifying any effects that change the value of determinants, and describing the impact with reference to the new values of determinants. This report provides a framework for these steps. Three impacts addressed are: neighborhood stability, housing availability, and quality and availability of public services. In each chapter, a definition and measure for the impact are specified; its principal determinants are identified; how the causal model can be used to estimate impacts by applying it to three illustrative Federal policies (domestic oil price decontrol, building energy performance standards, and increased Federal aid for mass transit) is demonstrated. (MCW)

Morris, F.A,; Marcus, A.A.; Keller, D.

1980-06-01

444

Metric handbook for Federal officials: Recommendations of the Interagency Committee on Metric Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recommendations for introduction of metric units in proposed legislation, regulations, data requests and other Government use of measurement units are presented. These recommendations were developed for the Interagency Committee on Metric Policy by its working arm, the Metrication Operating Committee, and its Metric Practice and Preferred Units Subcommittee. Assistance in editing of the documents, coordination and publication in the Federal Register was provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Metric Programs, which serves as the secretariat for the ICMP and its subordinate committees. Other Federal documents are provided for convenient reference as appendices.

1989-08-01

445

Taming Typhon: Advancing Climate Literacy by Coordinating Federal Earth System Science Education Investments Through the U.S. Climate Change Science Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirteen Federal agencies in the United States invest in research, communication, and education activities related to climate and global change. The U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) works to integrate the research activities of these different agencies, with oversight from the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the Council on Environmental Quality, the National Economic Council and the Office of

J. L. Karsten; F. Niepold; M. Wei; A. M. Waple

2008-01-01

446

Review of "Expanding Choice in Elementary and Secondary Education: A Report on Rethinking the Federal Role in Education"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Expanding Choice in Elementary and Secondary Education: A Report on Rethinking the Federal Role in Education" presents a seemingly egalitarian prescription for the federal government to expand school choice. An examination of the arguments and evidence for increasing choice, however, reveals at least three important shortcomings. First, the…

Scott, Janelle

2010-01-01

447

Federal Support for Educational Research and Development: The History of Research and Development Centers and Regional Educational Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The level of federal support for educational research and development (R&D) has been impacted over the years by wars and other crises, school desegregation, poverty, federal legislation and people closely associated with whatever administration was in power in Washington, DC at a particular time. While some funds for educational R&D were available…

Simon-McWilliams, Ethel

2007-01-01

448

Losing Count: The Federal Statistical System. Population Trends and Public Policy Occasional Paper Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main responsibility of the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the National Centers for Health and Education Statistics is to collect, process, analyze, and disseminate statistical data on the economic, physical, and social characteristics of the United States. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, the federal

Wallman, Katherine K.

449

Advancing geriatrics research, education, and practice: policy challenges after the great recession.  

PubMed

The series of articles in this JGIM issue provides a number of policy-relevant recommendations for advancing geriatrics research, education and practice. Despite the unprecedented pressure to reduce state and federal spending, policymakers must concurrently address the challenges of a growing population of older individuals with increasingly complex health care problems. Thus, there may be opportunities to advance this agenda in creative ways. For example, without new spending, federal research agencies can make changes to encourage needed new directions in aging research, and the ACA provides new funding opportunities such as the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute. States and the federal government have an increasing need for the health professions workforce to have collaborative care skills and geriatrics clinical competencies, and are finding ways to invest in relevant initiatives. On the clinical program side, state and federal governments are initiating programs to promote delivery system changes that improve the care of older adults. Nonetheless, in the face of the policy challenges that have persisted after the "great recession," academic geriatrics and general internal medicine will need to join forces with public and private interests to secure the resources needed to advance this ambitious agenda for geriatrics research, education and practice. PMID:24557514

Zerzan, Judy T; Rich, Eugene C

2014-06-01

450

The No Child Left Behind Act and the Legacy of Federal Aid to Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) builds on a tradition of gradually increasing federal involvement in the nation's public school systems. NCLB both resembles and differs from earlier federal education laws. Over the past five decades, conservatives in Congress softened their objections to the principle of federal aid to schools and…

Anderson, Lee W.

2005-01-01

451

The Real Costs of Federal Aid to Higher Education. Heritage Lectures. No. 984  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New federal spending on student aid is unlikely to improve college access. The increase in access in higher education in America largely came before massive federal involvement in student financial aid programs. Evidence suggests that federal subsidies for student aid may be counterproductive. Modest provision of financial assistance serves to…

Vedder, Richard

2007-01-01

452

Health Professions Education: The Shaping of a Discipline Through Federal Funding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal government has been the single most dominant force shaping the development of health professions over the past 50 years. Described as both a patron and proprietor of health professions education, the federal government's role is a factor that health professionals cannot ignore. This article focuses on the three major federal initiatives (Veterans Administration training programs, Title VII of

Debra Lina Dunivin

1994-01-01

453

Reducing the Federal Footprint on Education and Empowering State and Local Leaders. Backgrounder No. 2565  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing federal intervention and the resulting burden of complying with federal programs, rules, and regulations has caused a significant growth in state bureaucracy, much of which has a parasitic relationship with federal education programs, straining the time and resources of local schools. Instead of responding first to students, parents,…

Burke, Lindsey M.

2011-01-01

454

Funding Education beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid 2010-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal student aid is a financial help for eligible students to pay for educational expenses at an eligible postsecondary school (e.g., college, vocational school, graduate school). There are three categories of federal student aid: grants, workstudy, and loans. Federal student aid covers expenses such as tuition and fees, room and board, books…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

455

"Is American Higher Education Knocking on the Door of Federal Control?" AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends toward increasing federal involvement in higher education and the potential for additional federal mandated reporting are discussed. Areas where the relationship with the federal government has aided institutions are noted, as well as the possibility of harm to innovation and creativity. Historical developments in which government became…

Chambers, Stephen

456

Evaluation of tools for renewable energy policy analysis: The ten federal region model  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act of 1992 establishes a program to support development of renewable energy technologies including a production incentive to public power utilities. Because there is a wide range of possible policy actions that could be taken to increase electric market share for renewables, modeling tools are needed to help make informed decisions regarding future policy. Previous energy modeling tools did not contain the region or infrastructure focus necessary to examine renewable technologies. As a result, the Department of Energy Office of Utility Technologies (OUT) supported the development of tools for renewable energy policy analysis. Three models were developed: The Renewable Energy Penetration (REP) model, which is a spreadsheet model for determining first-order estimates of policy effects for each of the ten federal regions; the Ten Federal Region Model (TFRM), which employs utility capacity expansion and dispatching decision; and the Region Electric Policy Analysis Model (REPAM), which was constructed to allow detailed insight into interactions between policy and technology within an individual region. These Models were developed to provide a suite of fast, personal-computer based policy analysis tools; as one moves from the REP model to the TFRM to the REPAM the level of detail (and complexity) increases. In 1993 a panel was formed to identify model strengths, weaknesses (including any potential biases) and to suggest potential improvements. The panel met in January 1994 to discuss model simulations and to deliberate regarding evaluation outcomes. This report is largely a result of this meeting. This report is organized as follows. It provides a description of the TFRM and summarizes the panel`s findings. Individual chapters examine various aspects of the model: demand and load, capacity expansion, dispatching and production costing, reliability, renewables, storage, financial and regulatory concerns, and environmental effects.

Engle, J.

1994-04-01

457

Korea?s Engineering Education Reform Policy and the Direction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Korean government is setting up an ambitious policy for an engineering innovation program called “engineering education innovation program.” Its primary goal is to resolve quantitative and qualitative imbalance problems in industrial manpower of the country. It is also a policy that aims at progressively reforming engineering education in Korea in cooperation with the Ministries of Education (MOE) and Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE) . The development of specialized centers for engineering education programs by engineering schools, in particular, can help the government provide suitable supports for enhancing industrial competitiveness.

Kim, Cheongsig

458

Why competencies in graduate health management and policy education?  

PubMed

During the past decade there has been a growing interest in learning and competency-based systems in various areas of education, training, and professional development. As a result, a number of competency initiatives have been undertaken across the health professions, including medicine, nursing, and pharmacy. Concurrent with these activities have been the resounding calls for: 1) both curricular content and process review in health administration and related training programs, 2) rethinking and reform of current educational practices, and 3) evidence-based, outcomes-focused education in health management and policy education. In spite of governmental mandates and accrediting body specification for educational improvement, the debate about the use of competency models, competencies themselves, and competency-based education (CBE) still continues in a number of post-secondary educational settings-both within and outside of the professions. Specifically, faculties in health management and policy educational programs, including undergraduate and graduate education across the US, have questioned the need for the evolving competencies, competency models, and outcomes-based educational processes and assessment methods currently being developed and or adopted within the profession. Outlined in this paper are four of the current inflection points related to the competency/outcomes-based movement in the professions during the past decade: 1) The Changing Workforce and Workplace, 2) Reform in the Educational Continuum, 3) Evolving Accreditation Requirements, and 4) Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) in Health Management and Policy Education. PMID:19655616

Calhoun, Judith G; Vincent, Eric T; Calhoun, Gary L; Brandsen, Laura E

2008-01-01

459

Always Adhere to Chairman Mao's Policy for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Must adhere to Mao's policy that education must serve proletarian politics, be combined with productive labor, enable everyone to develop fully, and enable workers to have both socialist consciousness and culture. (Author/ND)

Hsin, Yeh

1976-01-01

460

Judicial Activism, Educational Policy and Conservative Politics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decisions of the federal courts on such issues as school desegregation and school prayer generally reflect a national consensus. But in this conservative era, legislative efforts to limit the tradition of judicial activism, as begun by the Warren court, threaten the principles of constitutional protections and the federal system of checks and…

Marcus, Laurence R.; Stickney, Benjamin D.

1985-01-01

461

Get the Federal Government out of Education? That Wasn't the Founding Fathers' Vision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the triumph of Tea Party candidates and other conservatives in 2010, many in the new Congress are pressing to get the federal government out of education. Eliminating or curtailing federal involvement in education would be a wrong-headed, simplistic move for several reasons: (1) It ignores the nation's history; (2) It would erode the state…

Jennings, Jack

2011-01-01

462

Colleges and Universities Speak Out on Cost of Federal Compliance in Higher Education. A Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commission's study, one of a number of examinations of the Federal Government's impact of education, calls on the Carter administration and the 95th Congress to begin an era of cooperation in curtailing the enormous growth of federal regulation in higher education. The statement affirms the commitment of the member institutions to the social…

Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, Atlanta, GA. Commission on Colleges.

463

Funding Education Beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid 2009-10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal Student Aid's core mission is to ensure that all eligible Americans benefit from federal financial assistance--grants, loans and work-study programs--for education beyond high school. The programs administered comprise the nation's largest source of student aid. Every year, the U.S. Department of Education provides more than $83 billion in…

US Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

464

General Federal Support for Higher Education: An Analysis of Five Formulas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five approaches to federal funding of higher education are described. (1) The Miller Bill (H.R. 875, 90th Congress) would provide $150 million in institutional grants for science education to be distributed in three equal parts, based on the number of federal "project awards" (grants-in-aid) an institution receives, enrollments in science courses,…

Farrell, Robert L.; Andersen, Charles J.

465

The Federal Role in the Preparation of Special Education Doctorates. SEFNA Brief. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is the primary source of federal support for preparing researchers and teacher educators whose focus is students with disabilities. The OSEP Leadership Training Grant Program awards projects to more universities than any other federal agency, but to do so it provides smaller awards to universities…

Smith, Deborah Deutsch

2009-01-01

466

Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2001: Numbers 12-22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of articles 12-22 published in the electronic journal "Educational Policy Analysis Archives" for the year 2001: (12) "Affirmative Action at Work: Performance Audit of Two Minority Graduate Fellowship Programs, Illinois IMGIP and ICEOP" (Jack McKillip); (13) "School Reform Initiatives as Balancing Acts: Policy Variation and…

Glass, Gene V., Ed.

2001-01-01

467

Education Policy and Schooling Attainment in Malaysia and the Phillipines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aggregate schooling levels have risen greatly since the 1960's in Malaysia and the Philippines. This paper examines the extent to which indivduals' family background and government educational policies together influence schooling levels. Results suggest that policies have significantly affected attainment and distribution levels in both…

King, Elizabeth M.; Lillard, Lee A.

1987-01-01

468

The Power of Paradigms: Reconceptualizing Educational Policy and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most English-speaking nations, there has been a sea change since 1980 in how people think about educational policy and the management of schools. Moreover, despite significant differences in social and political traditions, there are striking parallels between these nations in the policies and reforms that have been adopted L These developments are clearly related to larger changes that have

William Lowe Boyd

1992-01-01

469

Public Policy and Teacher Education in Brazil after 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research investigates public policy concerning teacher education in Brazil. It is a critical rereading of historical documents focusing on laws, legal documents, projects, institutional and public policies and teaching careers developed by the Brazilian state, as well as social and scientific organisations. Emphasis is given to current…

Guimaraes, Selva

2012-01-01

470

Innovation and Education Policy in SMEs: A Czech Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1990s, the Czech government implemented policies to enhance the role of small/medium-sized enterprises in innovation, including grants, subsidies, and tax credits. Education and training have focused on information/communications technologies. Future policy developments must be guided by trends in the global knowledge-based economy as…

Lloyd-Reason, Lester; Muller, Karel; Wall, Stuart

2002-01-01

471

Coping with Recession: Public Policy, Economic Downturns and Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses recession and the major policy considerations that states and institutions must face in the current economic downturn. It explores the public policy implications of three major variables: (1) each of the 50 states has a unique higher education system; (2) each state also has a unique revenue and budgetary process; and (3) each…

Callan, Patrick M.

472

The Extent and Impact of Educational Policy Bargaining.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty collective bargaining agreements negotiated in 1981-82 by teacher organizations and school boards in large U.S. public school districts were examined to determine how great was the educational policy content of those agreements. The authors concluded that extensive policy bargaining has reduced the capacity of many school districts to…

Goldschmidt, Steven M.; Stuart, Leland E.

1986-01-01

473

Public Policy and Educating Handicapped Persons. A Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume presents proceedings from a 1981 conference on public policy issues in the education of handicapped children. Four major presentations are followed by reactions. Presenters were asked to address issues involving the nature and effectiveness of the current system for serving handicapped students, contributions of public policy to…

Reynolds, Maynard C., Ed.; And Others

1983-01-01

474

Generalizing across Borders: Policy and the Limits of Educational Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is a critique of the scientific and policy rationales for transnational standardization. It analyzes two examples of policy export: early childhood standards in one of North America's oldest Indigenous communities and the ongoing development of international standards for university teaching. It examines calls for American education to…

Luke, Allan

2011-01-01

475

Sexual Harassment: Development of a University's Policy and Educational Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In late 1988 the University of Florida began the process of revising and updating its policy and educational programs on sexual harassment. At that time a task force was formed which reviewed the current policy and procedures and drafted a revised brochure on sexual harassment. This brochure was reviewed and redrafted and distributed to every…

Longstreth, Catherine; And Others

476

Post-Apartheid Educational Transformation: Policy Concerns and Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews postapartheid educational policy between the 1994 and 1999 elections. Its objective is to interrogate the different concerns, approaches, and implications of the various policies that have been formulated to fundamentally transform the legacy of the apartheid system. Five principal concerns are discussed: (1) the historical…

Sayed, Yusuf

477

Higher Education and Employment in the USSR and in the Federal Republic of Germany.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of two studies on higher education and employment in the USSR and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) are presented. For both countries, the development of the higher education system as part of the overall system of education is discussed, with emphasis on expansion of higher education, and access to college over the years.…

Avakov, R., Ed.; And Others

478

Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education: An Examination of Alternative Federal Roles. Budget Issue Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the exception of programs for the handicapped and vocational education, most of the federal legislation authorizing educational expenditures will expire before October 1, 1978; the 95th Congress therefore faces major decisions on aid to elementary and secondary education. This paper analyzes the fiscal and educational effects of various…

Chadima, Steven

479

Globalization, Edu-Business and Network Governance: The Policy Sociology of Stephen J. Ball and Rethinking Education Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces developments across Stephen J. Ball's policy sociology in education "oeuvre" and considers their implications for doing research on education policy today. It begins with an account of his policy sociology trilogy from the 1990s, which outlined his conception of the policy cycle consisting of the contexts of…

Lingard, Bob; Sellar, Sam

2013-01-01

480

The Handbook: A Vocational Education Legislative Reference. Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist administrators, researchers, and evaluators in better understanding and implementing the Vocational Education Act of 1963, this booklet brings together the provisions of the Act, the regulations, selected provisions from related laws, significant policy, and statements based on public hearings issues. Its format of columns that clearly…

Mariscal and Co., Los Angeles, CA.

481

The Board of Education and Policy for Adult Education up to the Second World War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes the attempts by the Board of Education in England to develop policy in relation to adult education and "further education" as a whole that began in 1909 and ended by World War II. Identifies the emergence of modern adult education stemming from developments in municipal evening schools and the university extension movement. (CMK)

Marriott, Stuart

1998-01-01

482

Education: Politique Sectorielle. Troisieme Edition. (Education: Sector Policy Paper. Third Edition.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper updates the World Bank's interpetation of education development and outlines a policy framework for lending for education. After chapters on the relationship between education and development and on the state of education development, the paper devotes a chapter to each of five issues: the expansion and equalization of…

Haddad, Wadi D.; And Others

483

Turkey's Educational Policies in Central Asia and Caucasia: Perceptions of Policy Makers and Experts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to analyze the educational policies of Turkey in Central Asia and Caucasia in the post-Soviet era in terms of their successes and failures as perceived by some of the relevant professional policy makers in this field as well as experts from various think-tank institutions in Turkey who are interested in the region.…

Akcali, Pinar; Engin-Demir, Cennet

2012-01-01

484

Assistive Technology in Special Education: Policy & Practice. CASE/TAM Assistive Technology Policy and Practice Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph provides an overview of critical policy and practice issues facing educators in the area of assistive technology (AT) for students with disabilities and discusses emerging policy directives and best practices for service delivery in a way that is supportive of quality AT programs in schools. Following an introduction, Section 2…

Golden, Diane

485

FEDERAL AID HANDBOOK, A GUIDE TO FEDERAL PROGRAMS OPERATED IN NEW YORK STATE LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES. PROGRAM AREA GUIDE, 1967 EDITION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

FEDERAL AID HAS BECOME AN IMPORTANT PART OF EDUCATIONAL FINANCE, AND THERE IS INCREASING INTEREST ON THE PART OF EDUCATORS EVERYWHERE IN PROGRAMS WHICH PROVIDE FEDERAL ASSISTANCE. THIS HANDBOOK WAS PREPARED TO PROVIDE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS AND MEMBERS OF BOARDS OF EDUCATION WITH AN OVERVIEW AND BASIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE MANY LAWS WHICH APPLY TO…

O'CONNOR, J. FRANCIS

486

Reviews of National Policies for Education - Czech Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes the difficulties encountered in the transformation of education in the Czech Republic and identifies change in policies and structures that could stimulate further reform in the needed directions. The book contains two parts with 15 chapters. Part 1 describes the development of education since the political change as rapid and…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

487

Power, Politics and Transnational Policy-Making in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the relation between power and politics under the conditions of economic globalisation and transnational policy-making in education. The paper argues that power lies not only with the producers of the dominant educational discourse nor simply with the very discourse which is circulated and reproduced in national legislations,…

Moutsios, Stavros

2010-01-01

488

Educators and Child Abuse. Policy Bulletin No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators' legal duties and school board liability in reporting suspected child abuse are discussed in this policy bulletin. Information is provided on educators' responsibilities in reporting abuse perpetrated in the home or school, school board liability resulting from failure to report as a violation of abuse victims' constitutional rights, and…

McCarthy, Martha

1989-01-01

489

Institutional Constraints on Business Involvement in K-12 Education Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the actions of business leaders representing multinational corporations, the "MI-Roundtable," through observation and interviews as they tried to affect education policy in Michigan. That this group took a thoughtful approach and had a significant impact on education reform is no indication that other business groups will do the same.…

Sipple, John W.

1999-01-01

490

Graduate Medical Education and Public Policy: A Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes graduate medical education (GME) in the United States and outlines some options for future policy related to GME. GME is the process of providing academic and clinical education to physicians after they have graduated from an accredited medical school. GME typically occurs in teaching hospitals or other health care settings.…

Henderson, Tim

491

State Educational Policies and the Mission of Rural Community Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Any conclusions that community education concepts are "alive and well" were not supported in a study of the impact of state education policies on rural school districts with total enrollments of 350 students or less in the Great Plains Region (Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota). Survey instruments were…

Moriarty, Thomas E.

492

Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2002: Numbers 1-25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of articles 1 through 25 published in the electronic journal Education Policy Analysis Archives for the year 2002: (1) Testing and Diversity in Postsecondary Education: The Case of California (Daniel Koretz, Michael Russell, Chingwei David Shin, Cathy Horn, and Kelly Shasby); (2) State-Mandated Testing and Teachers Beliefs…

Glass, Gene V., Ed.

2002-01-01

493

The Governors Propose: State Policy and Public Education, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early months of 1998 state governors delivered state of the state addresses that touched on concerns transcending state lines: taxes, infrastructure development and maintenance, crime, health, and public education. Some of these common concerns, with an emphasis on proposed K-12 public education policies, are discussed. The paper provides a…

Hertert, Linda

494

Higher Education Policies in Brazil: 1970-90.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the evolution of Brazilian policy for higher education concludes that the conflicts, shifts in decision arenas, and decisional paralysis reflect (1) basic lack of consensus in the nature, goals, and possibilities of higher education in a society, and (2) disagreement about the resources available to a government. (Author/MSE)

Klein, Lucia; Schwartman, Simon

1993-01-01

495

Power Restriction and Policy Overview in Educational Fairness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Different historical contexts endow educational fairness with different historical missions. The operation of resource allocation powers, the introduction of new elements into strata polarization, and the authoritative allocation of public policies all add to the complexity of interpreting educational fairness. The key problem, however, does not…

Ma, Weina

2007-01-01

496

Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2001: Numbers 46-51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of articles 46 through 51 published in the electronic journal Education Policy Analysis Archives for the year 2001: (46) Second Year Analysis of a Hybrid Schedule High School (James B. Shreiber, William R. Veal, David J. Flinders, and Sherry Churchill; (47) Knowledge Management for Educational Information Systems: What Is…

Glass, Gene V., Ed.

2001-01-01

497

Education Policy and Practice "under" New Labour: An Epistolary Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the election of 1997 New Labour's education policy has been subject to variety of forms of critique--in this journal and others. One of the sources for such critique has been a barrage of letters unleashed for over a decade by Colin Richards in the "Times Educational Supplement". Here are reproduced a self-edited selection of his published…

Richards, Colin

2010-01-01

498

Education Policy in the UK. CEE DP 57  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the post-war period there have been many attempts to reform the UK education system, often with an explicit intention to try and make it more productive. The list of education policy reforms that have been attempted over the last 50 years is quite extensive, and recently the UK (and in particular England and Wales) has introduced many…

Machin, Stephen; Vignoles, Anna

2006-01-01

499

Education Policy and Crime. NBER Working Paper No. 15894  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the relationship between education and crime from an economic perspective, developing a human capital-based model that sheds light on key ways in which early childhood programs and policies that encourage schooling may affect both juvenile and adult crime. The paper first discusses evidence on the effects of educational

Lochner, Lance

2010-01-01

500

The Bumpy Road to Education Reform. CPRE Policy Briefs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reformers have come to recognize that establishing more challenging standards and assessments is not enough to raise student achievement. This brief identifies five challenges that confront educators and policymakers as they develop higher standards and other policies and structures to support improved student and teacher learning. It…

Goertz, Margaret E.; And Others