Science.gov

Sample records for federal education policies

  1. The Impact of Federal Policy on Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Stephen K.

    The greatest watershed in federal higher education policy was the Educational Admendments of 1972 that involved the federal government in support of higher education through aid to students. Future fruitful steps in federal legislation would be student-aid policies that allow recipients more institutional choice; meet the needs of part-time…

  2. Federal Policy and Graduate Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Robert

    What role should the federal government play in support of graduate education? Based on the principles that: (1) American graduate education and research establishment is a national resource; (2) the market for highly trained manpower is national; (3) the federal government itself employs the service of many highly trained personnel; (4) it is in…

  3. Federal R & D Policies Supporting Educational Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blaschke, Charles; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Summarizes factors contributing to successful federal research and development (R&D) funding for educational technology, and provides policy recommendations based on these findings. Topics discussed include the role of industry; public policy issues; legislative initiatives; executive branch administration; staff continuity; procurement process;…

  4. Federal Policy in Bilingual Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotburg, Iris C.

    1982-01-01

    This paper focuses on two issues: (1) whether bilingual education programs are the only way to satisfy the Supreme Court decision in Lau v. Nichols and (2) whether research findings clearly indicate that the bilingual approach is the best way to educate language-minority children. (CT)

  5. Federal Policy and Educational Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marland, S. P., Jr.

    We must search for greater productivity in the teaching and learning process. During the past 15 years expenditures for elementary and secondary education have climbed from about four percent of GNP to eight percent. Much of this expenditure has been for educational technology, but we still don't know enough about how to use it. To help make…

  6. The politics of federal environmental education policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crouch, Richard Craig

    Both environmental governance1 and education governance 2 occupy contested territory in contemporary US political discourse. Environmental education (EE) policy has emerged at this intersection and taken on aspects of both controversies. Central to debates surrounding environmental education are still unresolved issues concerning the role of the federal government in education, the role of education in citizen-making, and the role of the public in environmental governance. As a case study of the politics of environmental education policy, I explore these issues as they relate to the National Environmental Education Act of 1990,3 attempts at its reauthorization, its continued appropriations, and its current state of policy stasis. The political controversy over the federal role in environmental education is an appropriate case study of environmental education politics insofar as it reflects the different positions held by actor groups with regard to the definition, efficacy, and legitimacy of environmental education. At the core of these debates, as we will see, is a definitional crisis---that is, there is no common understanding across the relevant actor groups as to what environmental education is, or should be. I suggest here that this definitional issue can be best understood as having technical, ideological, and structural components4---all of which are mutually reinforcing and thus perpetuate the stasis in federal environmental education policy. 1I rely on Durant, Fiorino and O'leary's definition of environmental governance in Environmental Governance Reconsidered ; "In the term environmental governance, we refer to the increasingly collaborative nature of [environmental and natural resource] policy formulation and implementation. In this vein, a wide array of third parties (for example, actors in the profit sector, the nonprofit sector, and civic society), in addition to government agencies, comprise non hierarchical networks of actors wielding a variety of

  7. The Ambiguous Transformation: Federal Education Policy and the Second Reconstruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Hugh Davis

    Analysis of changes in federal education policy in the 1960s, based on archival research and other sources, suggests a reinterpretation of the causes of the success or failure of the new federal programs. A review of the literature on these "Great Society" educational policies finds that most authors feel the policies sprang from a coalescence of…

  8. Federalism, Agenda Setting, and the Dynamics of Federal Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manna, Paul

    This paper is part of a larger project on agenda setting in the U.S. federal system and the development of the federal education agenda since 1965. Two questions motivate the paper, one theoretical and the other empirical: (1) how does federalism affect the federal agenda?; and (2) what explains the development of federal involvement in K-12…

  9. The Impact of Federal Policies on Higher Education Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Arthur T., Ed.

    The papers are: "Making Higher Education Policy at the National Level" (Ralph K. Huitt); "Federal Impact and Higher Education Systems" (G. Homer Durham); "External Control and Institutional Governance" (Allan W. Ostar); "Federal Regulations and Institutional Autonomy" (Louis W. Bender); "Making Federalism Work" (Warren G. Hill); "Advice for Policy…

  10. The Limits of Federal Activism in Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vergari, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    The evolution of the federal role in education policy has entailed increasing activism in matters traditionally controlled by states and school districts. However, the expanding federal role has not resulted in a zero sum game for states and localities. Focusing on the policy-implementation process, this article examines recent state and local…

  11. Federal Language Policy and American Indian Education. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarty, T. L.

    In the past 25 years, American Indian education has undergone tremendous changes in both content (curriculum and pedagogy) and context (institutional framework). Centered on the issue of control, changes at both levels have resulted from a dynamic interplay between federal language policy and local initiatives. The federal Bilingual Education Act…

  12. Federal Policies and Higher Education in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prisco, Anne; Hurley, Alicia D.; Carton, Thomas C; Richardson, Richard C., Jr.

    The purpose of this report is to describe U.S. federal policies that have helped to shape the context within which state systems of higher education operated during the past decade. It also presents descriptive statistics about the higher education enterprise in the United States, including available performance data. The report is based on the…

  13. The New Federal Education Policies: California's Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Brian; Barondess, Heather; Perry, Mary; Leichty, Julian

    2009-01-01

    This report provides an overview of the federal stimulus--also known as the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)--and where California stands in relation to the requirements. It also looks at the thinking behind the four reform areas (teacher and administrator effectiveness; data systems; standards; and turning around low-performing…

  14. Contemporary Federal Education Policy and Rural Schools: A Critical Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jerry; Howley, Craig B.

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on contemporary federal education policy as it manifests in rural schools. Rural schools differ appreciably from nonrural schools in terms of organizational systems, structures, and culture. Federal policies that drive school improvement initiatives (e.g., those regulating the functioning of schools and those managing the…

  15. Federal Policies on Civic Education and Service. Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirby, Emily Hoban; Levine, Peter; Elrod, Brent

    2006-01-01

    The Federal government supports programs designed to encourage civic participation and increase civic knowledge. This fact sheet summarizes current federal legislation intended to mandate or encourage civic education and service programs for young people. In addition, it contains a list of relevant federally funded programs. (Contains 4 endnotes.)…

  16. The Shaping of Federal Education Policy over Time. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 16, Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Christopher T.

    2015-01-01

    Over the course of our nation's existence, the federal role in K-12 education has evolved many times. From an initial limited role to one that is more focused today on access and equity, the federal role in education policy has seldom been without controversy. During each twist and turn there has been ongoing debate over federal versus state…

  17. From a Nation at Risk to No Child Left Behind: National Education Goals and the Creation of Federal Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vinovskis, Maris

    2008-01-01

    Distinguished historian and policy analyst Maris Vinovskis examines federal K-12 education policies, beginning with the publication of "A Nation at Risk" and focusing on the National Education Goals, America 2000, Goals 2000, and No Child Left Behind. In addition to discussing key policy debates, he also addresses the practical aspects of…

  18. Current Federal Education Policy regarding the Academically Talented in Mathematics, Science and Technology and Discussant Reactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Krista J.

    This conference paper describes trends in federal policy for education of the academically talented in mathematics, science, and technology. Education legislation considered by the 100th Congress has stressed the themes of creating "equity" and "access." The greatest emphasis has been put on education of the gifted and talented. Proposed…

  19. Federal Aid to the Disadvantaged. What Future for Chapter 1? Education Policy Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Denis P., Ed.; Cooper, Bruce S., Ed.

    This document presents the recommendations of a national group of policy analysts on strategies for improving compensatory education and the Educational Improvement and Consolidation Act (ECIA) Chapter 1. The historical context of the Federal and state roles in providing compensatory education programs is presented, old assumptions are reviewed,…

  20. What State Policymakers Should Know about Federal Higher Education Policy. Policy Insights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longanecker, David A.

    2006-01-01

    Despite the mantra that education is primarily a state responsibility, the federal government is an important and influential player when it comes to providing higher education to the nation's students. The federal government invests roughly $25 billion annually in higher education excluding loans that are ultimately repaid, military benefits that…

  1. CCBD'S Position Summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skiba, Russ; Albrecht, Susan; Losen, Dan

    2013-01-01

    This document provides policy recommendations of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD) regarding disproportionality in special education and the need for federal policy driving state regulations to support efforts to eliminate this outcome in schools. CCBD is committed to advancing knowledge, effective instruction, and advocacy…

  2. CCBD's Position Summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skiba, Russ; Albrecht, Susan; Losen, Dan

    2012-01-01

    This document provides policy recommendations of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD) regarding disproportionality in special education and the need for federal policy driving state regulations to support efforts to eliminate this outcome in schools. Monitoring requirements in the 1997 and 2004 amendments to the Individuals…

  3. Minimizing Staff Resistance to Federally Mandated Policies: A Proposed Model for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karlitz, Howard

    1982-01-01

    Examines implications of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P.L. 94-142). Delineates areas of conflict that might arise when the law is implemented at the school district level and proposes a strategy for developing future Federal educational policy in such a way as to reduce conflict and enhance implementation. (Author/GC)

  4. Federal Policy and the Education of Students with Disabilities: Progress and the Path Forward

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Jane E.; Whitby, Peggy J. Schaefer

    2008-01-01

    Federal policy has had a significant effect on the education of students with disabilities in the United States. From the Supreme Court cases of the 1970s to the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) accountability provisions of the early 21st Century, students with disabilities, their families, and educators who work with them have been mightily shaped…

  5. Federal Compliance Works against Education Policy Goals. Education Outlook. No. 6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Junge, Melissa; Krvaric, Sheara

    2011-01-01

    While the federal government spends billions of dollars every year on federal education programs, federal policymakers and education advocates often lament that these programs do not achieve their intended results--specifically, increasing student academic achievement. To address this problem, policymakers and advocates typically debate the merits…

  6. Power and Process: The Formulation and Limits of Federal Educational Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summerfield, Harry L.; And Others

    Mr. Summerfield first provides a descriptive analysis of the structure and dynamics of the federal policy process for educational decisionmaking in the lobbies, the Congress, and the administration. Substantive material in the next three chapters is followed by a more general conceptualization and a theoretical perspective of the operations of the…

  7. From Capitol Hill to Dupont Circle and Beyond: The Influence of Policy Actors in the Federal Higher Education Rulemaking Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Natow, Rebecca S.

    2015-01-01

    The federal higher education rulemaking process develops policies that can profoundly affect college students, higher education institutions, and other actors in the higher education policy community. But little has been researched about the influence that different types of actors have on higher education rulemaking. By analyzing interviews with…

  8. A K-12 Federal Policy Framework for Competency Education: Building Capacity for Systems Change. CompetencyWorks Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worthen, Maria; Pace, Lillian

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides federal policymakers and advocates with comprehensive, big-picture ideas for transforming federal policy to support the transition to competency-based learning. It is meant to start a dialogue on these issues, posing important questions to explore as policymakers contemplate a new vision for federal education policy through the…

  9. Conceptualizing Federal Tax Policies toward Higher Education in the 1980s: Balancing Social Equity and Political Realities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckham, Joseph C.; Godbey, Galen C.

    1980-01-01

    Reviews existing federal tax policy affecting higher education, suggests guidelines and alternative policies that may be addressed in future debates on tax law reform, and describes the economic and political incentives and disincentives for federal policy-makers in modifying the existing laws. (Author/IRT)

  10. Federal (Chapter 1) Educational Spending and Effects on Poor Children. Policy Studies in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walberg, Herbert J.

    Analysis of the history of Chapter 1, the Federal program for the education of the disadvantaged, and a review of the research into the program's effectiveness show the inefficiency of Federal influence and funds in local schools. Chapter 1 has done little good for students: it has neither raised the achievement of the educationally deprived and…

  11. Public Schools and the Original Federal Land Grant Program. A Background Paper from the Center on Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usher, Alexandra

    2011-01-01

    This background paper from the Center on Education Policy (CEP) examines the origins, history, and evolution of federal land grants for public schools, as well as their significance as an early example of the federal role in education. It is intended to serve as a more detailed companion to another CEP paper, "Get the Federal Government Out of…

  12. Federal water policy

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The Federal Water Policy is a statement of the federal government's philosophy and goals for the nation's freshwater resources, and of the proposed ways of achieving them in cooperation with provincial governments. This document provides an overview of the policy, then presents details on the policy itself, the strategies for achievement of that policy, methods of applying it, and specific policy statements. These statements cover such topics as the management of toxic chemicals, water quality, ground water contamination, municipal water and sewer infrastructure, safe drinking water, wetlands preservation, hydroelectric development, navigation, native water rights, and Canada-US boundary management, among others.

  13. Federal Educational Policy on School Finance after Proposition 13: Short- and Long-Run Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berke, Joel S.

    1979-01-01

    Short-term problems caused by California's Proposition 13 are: maintenance of effort; federal supplemental funding; use of federal funds for excess costs; and matching and full service. Long-term implications include: rescuing the states; maintaining traditional federal policies; improving or revising federal aid; and encouraging improved state…

  14. Second Policy Development Seminar "Civic Education Policy and Standards Setting in the Russian Federation" (Moscow, Russian Federation, February 28-March 1, 2001). Revised. Education for Democratic Citizenship, 2001-2004.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolotina, Tatiana

    The February 2002 Council of Europe seminar on "Civic Education Policy and Standards Setting in the Russian Federation" is the second seminar devoted to these issues. The first seminar was held in December 2000. The main objectives were to introduce European work in civic education, particularly that of Romania and Ireland, and to draft the first…

  15. A Lesson in Waste: Where Does All the Federal Education Money Go? Policy Analysis. No. 518

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCluskey, Neal

    2004-01-01

    Since the 1965 passage of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which concentrated unprecedented authority over American education in the hands of the federal government, federal lawmakers have passed increasingly restrictive laws and drastically escalated education spending, which ballooned from around $25 billion in 1965 (adjusted for…

  16. Federal Higher Education Policy and the Profitable Nonprofits. Policy Analysis. No. 678

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fried, Vance H.

    2011-01-01

    Undergraduate education is a highly profitable business for nonprofit colleges and universities. They do not show profits on their books, but instead take their profits in the form of spending on some combination of research, graduate education, low-demand majors, low faculty teaching loads, excess compensation, and featherbedding. The industry's…

  17. Music in U.S. Federal Education Policy: Estimating the Effect of "Core Status" for Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elpus, Kenneth

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews the political and empirical record within music education surrounding the Goals 2000: Educate America Act and reports a new study evaluating the effects of the law on music and arts education policies in U.S. high schools. School-level data (N = 670 schools) from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 and the…

  18. The Federal Interest in Financing Schooling. A Rand Educational Policy Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timpane, Michael, Ed.

    This book contains papers first presented at the September 1976 Symposium on the Federal Interest in Financing Schooling. Participants responded to three questions. First, given what we know about federal goals in education, how appropriate are the areas in which federal involvement is currently concentrated? Second, how effective are existing…

  19. Emerging Educational Policy Issues in the Federal City: A Report from Washington. Occasional Paper No. 42.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halperin, Samuel

    Both the federal administration and Congress, through more dollars and more legislation, are expanding the federal role in education. Major themes running through the various legislative proposals will result in a reduced emphasis on fiscal controls, encouragement for process-oriented requirements, better integration of federal programs, and…

  20. Native-Language Education: Addressing the Interests of Special Populations within U.S. Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Best, Jane; Dunlap, Allison

    2012-01-01

    This brief provides an overview of three federal laws that address native-language education and illustrates how these federal laws produce different results when coupled with state laws and other regional circumstances. For the purposes of this brief, native-language education refers to American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians and…

  1. The Transformation of Federal Education Policy: The Kennedy and Johnson Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Hugh Davis

    Archive-based historical analysis brings a perspective to policy studies that is lacking in individual case studies. The recently opened Kennedy and Johnson archives facilitate an internal analysis of the evolution of education policy formulation in the 1960s from the perspective of the executive branch. The central thread of continuity for such…

  2. How Much Money for What: Some Aspects of How Federal Educational Research Policy Is Made and What to Do About It.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Datta, Lois-ellin; Rieder, Corinne

    Policy, as much as the merits of an individual proposal, determines which researcher gets how much money to do what kind of study. Federal money accounts for over 75 percent of all educational R & D funds expended. In the formation of federal educational R & D policy, there are two separate structural events--authorization and…

  3. Federal Control Out of Control: The Office for Civil Rights' Hidden Policies on Bilingual Education. CEO Policy Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littlejohn, Jim

    This report examines the policies and practices of the Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) for determining whether school systems are providing appropriate educational services to language minority students who are learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Data are drawn from OCR documents in the public domain, including…

  4. Recurrent Education, Policy and Development in OECD Countries: Recurrent Education in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudolph, Hedwig; And Others

    This report, part of a series on the state of recurrent education in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries, focuses on recurrent education in West Germany. The West German thrust for continuing adult education has come from business, industry, and the 1969 Labor Promotion Act which publicly funds…

  5. Educating for the Public Good through Comprehensive Federal Research and Development Policies. Policy Brief. ASHE/Lumina Fellows Series. Issue 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendoza, Pilar

    2007-01-01

    The broad national research and development (R&D) enterprise is directly linked to graduate education in science and engineering. Graduate students are not only the future scientists of society, through research assistantships, they also provide valuable labor for the development of research and technology. Therefore, federal R&D policies should…

  6. Making Policy in the United States Department of Education: The Political Process of Federal Rulemaking for Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Natow, Rebecca Spiro

    2013-01-01

    Higher education rulemaking is the procedure through which the United States Department of Education creates policy in the form of regulations that govern the provision of higher education funding and services. Until now, there has been a shortage of research into the politics of higher education rulemaking. This study investigates the actors that…

  7. The National Institute of Education's Educational Satellite Communications Demonstration: Lessons Learned and Their Federal Policy Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Steven

    During 1975, the Educational Satellite Communications Demonstration (ESCD) used the Applications Technology Satellite #6 (ATS-6) for three distinct demonstrations in Appalachia, Alaska, and the Rocky Mountain area. The most common use of the technology was to broadcast an uninterrupted program followed by a short interaction period. Other…

  8. New Directions: Federal Education Policy in the Twenty-First Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanstoroom, Marci, Ed.; Finn, Chester E., Jr., Ed.

    Contributors to this collection examine how today's federal education programs work and show how, instead of working for school improvement, these programs have begun to function as obstacles to the efforts of reform-minded states and schools. The following essays are included: (1) "Overview: Thirty-Four Years of Dashed Hopes" (Chester E. Finn,…

  9. Walking a Policy Tightrope: Balancing Educational Opportunity and Criminal Justice in Federal Student Financial Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, M. Christopher, II; Lane, Jason E.; Rogers, Kimberly R.

    2002-01-01

    The Higher Education Act's Drug-Free Student Aid Provision denies federal aid to anyone convicted of possessing or selling controlled substances. The criminalization of certain offenses and exclusion of others appears to accompany unstated racial and socioeconomic biases. Because minority and poor people are more likely to be convicted of drug…

  10. The Impact of Federal Financial Aid Policy upon Higher Education Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Dannielle Joy; Green-Derry, Lisa Celeste; Jones, Brandon

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews the history of financial aid policy from the Higher Education Act of 1965 to its reauthorisation in 1992 and the subsequent ramifications upon African-American students. It considers issues of race and class with regard to college access. This work concludes with a look at contemporary aid, as well as offers race- and…

  11. Educating for Community Change: Higher Education's Proposed Role in Community Transformation through the Federal Promise Neighborhood Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated a federal comprehensive community initiative, the Promise Neighborhood initiative, in order to understand higher education community engagement in an embedded context. Promise Neighborhood programs aim to create a place-based system of family and education services that can support youth from early childhood through college…

  12. State Policies and Federal Guidelines for Education of the Disadvantaged (Selected Summary). Elementary and Secondary Education Act, Title I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    This handbook contains information on the planning, development and implementation of Title I programs in New York State. In an overview of general State education department policy, guidelines on program priorities, application procedures, kindergarten and prekindergarten programs, programs for educationally disadvantaged handicapped pupils,…

  13. Federal technology policy in transition

    SciTech Connect

    Carnes, K.H.

    1995-12-31

    This paper discusses federal energy and environmental policies and their impact on the U.S. economy. A brief history of the federal government`s role in developing scientific and technological infrastructure is given. Current trends in technology are summarized, with an emphasis on global aspects, and their impact on the economy is discussed. The need for a national technology policy, including continued research and development funding, is discussed and key elements of such a policy are outlined.

  14. Can the Federal Government Improve Education Research?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacob, Brian; Ludwig, Jens

    2005-01-01

    Will recent federal policy changes succeed in improving the quality of education policy research? One explanation for the limited supply to date of high-quality evaluation evidence in education is limited demand, owing perhaps, in part, to market failure for both education outcomes and education research. In the market for education outcomes, the…

  15. Teacher Leadership: Federal Policy Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gran, Jackie; Young, Margaret; Broin, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    This policy brief was developed specifically for federal policymakers, and builds upon the policy recommendations included in "Leading from Every Seat: Empowering Principals to Cultivate Teacher Leadership for School Improvement." The recommendations in this report include the following: (1) Uncover New Leadership Ideas and Seed…

  16. How Public Education Benefits from the Federal Income Tax Deduction for State and Local Taxes and Other Special Tax Provisions. A Background Paper from the Center on Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddle, Wayne C.

    2011-01-01

    This background paper is intended to serve as a companion to the Center on Education Policy report, "Get the Federal Government Out of Education? That Wasn't the Founding Fathers' Vision." That report discusses the historical foundations and current purposes of the federal role in education. This paper goes into more detail about an issue…

  17. Federalism and Public Policy: The Governance and Funding of Australian Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Neil, Ed.; Walsh, Cliff, Ed.

    This collection of 12 papers examines the governance and funding of higher education in Australia, focusing on the national education reforms of 1987-88 and their effect on universities. Papers include: (1) "Higher Education in International Perspective" (David M. Cameron); (2) "Governance and Funding of Higher Education" (David Kemp); (3)…

  18. Navigating State and Federal Student Privacy Laws to Design Educationally Sound Parental Notice Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Thomas R.

    2008-01-01

    This chapter describes the relationship between federal student privacy laws and state privacy laws, and identifies the changes in the federal law over the last ten years affecting disclosure to parents of college students. Recent litigation on health emergencies is outlined and the limited rights of college students not yet eighteen years of age…

  19. Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects. Final Rule. Technical Amendments. Federal Register, Department of Education, 34 CFR Part 97

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The agencies listed in this document are amending the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, which was published in the Federal Register on June 18, 1991, to change all references to the Office for Protection from Research Risks (OPRR) to the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP); revise the footnote found at the end of…

  20. Special Education Administrative Policies Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Scottie

    Intended for use by state and local education agencies in the development of written policy consistent with recent federal legislation on the education of handicapped children, the manual offers recommended policy statements in the areas of right to education, population, identification, evaluations, placement, service delivery, facilities and…

  1. Access, Equity, and Community Colleges: The Truman Commission and Federal Higher Education Policy from 1947 To 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Claire Krendl; Heller, Donald E.

    2013-01-01

    The 1947 President's Commission on Higher Education offers insight into higher education policy in the United States. This article reviews and assesses the adoption of its policy recommendations in two key areas: 1) improving college access and equity and 2) expanding the role of community colleges. (Contains 1 figure and 4 notes.)

  2. Educating for a High Skills Society? The Landscape of Federal Employment, Training and Lifelong Learning Policy in Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibb, Tara; Walker, Judith

    2011-01-01

    Government reports and documents claim that building a knowledge economy and innovative society are key goals in Canada. In this paper, we draw on critical policy analysis to examine 10 Canadian federal government training and employment policies in relation to the government's espoused priorities of innovation and developing a high skills society…

  3. Federal Higher Education Policy Priorities and the Asian American and Pacific Islander Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Commission on Asian American and Pacific Islander Research in Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The National Commission on Asian American and Pacific Islander Research in Education (CARE), consisting of a national commission, research advisory group, and research team at New York University, aims to engage realistic and actionable discussions about the mobility and educational opportunities for Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs)…

  4. Key Findings from Two Reports on Federal School Improvement Grants by the Center on Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center on Education Policy, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), also known as the economic stimulus package, provided an extra $3 billion for school improvement grants (SIGs) under section 1003(g) of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Along with this funding increase, the U.S. Department of Education issued guidance…

  5. Policy Shifts in Higher Education in the Russian Federation: Autonomy, Standards, and Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zajda, Joseph; Zajda, Rea

    2007-01-01

    Prior to 1991, all higher education institutions in the Soviet Union were state institutions. There were some 900 higher educational institutions in 1990, including only 70 major universities, still referred to as VUZy, from the Russian "vysshee uchebnoe zavedenie". This acronym is popularly used to refer to all types of higher education…

  6. Reconciling Federal, State, and Institutional Policies Determining Educational Access for Undocumented Students: Implications for Professional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkhardt, John C.; Ortega, Noe; Vidal Rodriguez, Angela; Frye, Joanna R.; Nellum, Christopher J.; Reyes, Kimberly A.; Hussain, Omar; Badke, Lara Kovacheff; Hernandez, Joanna

    2012-01-01

    Given the intense efforts to change federal legislation, it is surprising that relatively little research has examined how postsecondary institutions respond to organizational pressures and local contexts. These "boundary activities" determine actual practice (Birnbaum, 1991) and may be the only way to remedy the exclusion of undocumented…

  7. Federal Policy to Local Level Decision-Making: Data Driven Education Planning in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iyengar, Radhika; Mahal, Angelique R.; Felicia, Ukaegbu-Nnamchi Ifeyinwa; Aliyu, Balaraba; Karim, Alia

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the implementation of local level education data-driven planning as implemented by the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President of Nigeria on the Millennium Development Goals (OSSAP-MDGs) in partnership with The Earth Institute, Columbia University. It focuses on the design and implementation of the…

  8. Leveraging Learning: The Evolving Role of Federal Policy in Education Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowles, Timothy; Kober, Nancy; Ludwig, Jens; Petrilli, Michael J.; Slavin, Robert; Tseng, Vivian

    2013-01-01

    As transformative reforms like the Common Core State Standards and educator evaluation roll out amidst a rapidly changing demographic landscape, the need for getting high-quality research on timely topics into the hands of practitioners grows all the more urgent. While rigor and relevance need not be a question of "either/or", but rather…

  9. Federal Education Programs and Their Effect on Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timpane, Michael

    This document examines developments in federal elementary and secondary education support programs and suggests ways in which teacher education institutions might respond to future developments in the field. Federal policy enacted in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1965) promotes five distinct goals: (1) equal educational opportunity;…

  10. The Time Is Ripe for a Reexamination of Federal Educational Policy. Information Series, Volume 6, Number 3. Bulletin No. 7350.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchmiller, Archie A.

    Regardless of one's philosophical views of the role of the national government, the new federal willingness to reexamine its past effectiveness and role provides an opportunity for grassroots involvement by both state educational agencies and local school districts. An evaluation of current federal enactments needs to consider several important…

  11. The Dissemination of Educational R&D Products: Research and Policy Issues for the Federal Government. Paper No. 4984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiler, Daniel

    Federally sponsored educational research and development projects are not achieving their full potential; much of their material is of little or no practical utility, and much that is of value is not well disseminated or is not readily available. The National Institute of Education might improve the quality of research and development by: (1)…

  12. Federal Public Policy and the Education of American Indian Exceptional Children and Youth: Current Status and Future Directions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez, Bruce A.

    Reviewing enrollment trends in federal, public, and tribally controlled schools, this report examines progress in the education of American Indian handicapped children since the passage in 1975 of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. The first section provides numbers of Indian handicapped and gifted and talented children receiving…

  13. The Federal Role in Early Childhood Education: Evolution in the Goals, Governance, and Policy Instruments of Project Head Start

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalifeh, Phyllis; Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Grass, Saralyn

    2011-01-01

    The authors analyze bills, congressional records, agency reports, and newspaper articles to trace the evolution of Project Head Start, by far the nation's largest federal early childhood program, beginning with the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. Their analysis is organized around the policy goals embedded in the program and the governance…

  14. Federal Student Aid Programs: A Briefing Paper on Impacts and Policy Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linney, Thomas; Ross, Kathleen

    The history and development of federal student aid policies for higher education are examined in this paper, along with how current policy affects institutions at the campus level, and current and future policy options from which federal and institutional policies will be drawn. The historical analysis concerns the initial federal policy after…

  15. Hearing on the Proper Federal Role in Education Policy. Hearing before the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session (January 12, 1995).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities.

    This document records the proceedings of a Congressional hearing on the role of the federal government in education policy. Statements are provided by Richard Riley (Secretary of Education), Bret Schundler (Mayor, Jersey City, New Jersey), Tommy Thompson (Governor, Wisconsin), and Representatives, William L. Clay (Missouri), William F. Goodling…

  16. Single-Gender Public Education and Federal Policy: Implications of Gender-Based School Reforms in Philadelphia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friend, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    Parochial and private schools in the United States have maintained opportunities for students to attend same-gender settings without interference from policies governing public education. The gender composition and curriculum of public schools, however, have been influenced by societal regulations and expectations that have often utilized…

  17. IDEA 1997: Implications for Secondary Education and Transition Services. Policy Update: Summarizing Recent Laws and Federal Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center on Secondary Education and Transition, Minneapolis, MN.

    In 1997, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was reauthorized and new regulations took effect May 11, 1999. Several sections of the regulations pertain to the transition of students with disabilities from school to adult life. This policy update presents the regulatory language and describes potential implications in 11 areas…

  18. The New Politics of Education: Analyzing the Federal Education Policy Landscape in the Post-NCLB Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBray-Pelot, Elizabeth; McGuinn, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    This article develops a framework, drawn from earlier work by education scholars, as well as broader theoretical insights on advocacy and policymaking developed by political scientists, for thinking about education politics in the post-No Child Left Behind era. The authors use this framework to examine the evolution of the national education…

  19. Federal Funding for Students with Disabilities: The Evolution of Federal Special Education Finance in the United States. New America Education Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCann, Clare

    2014-01-01

    Nearly 6.5 million students in the United States ages 3 through 21 are currently classified as requiring special education. Those students have physical, developmental, and emotional disabilities that make educational endeavors more challenging for teachers, administrators, and the students themselves. Yet historically, the needs of special…

  20. Systemic Educational Policy. Education Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clune, William H.

    Issues in systemic educational policy are discussed in this paper, with a focus on improving student achievement. First, the limitations of the current educational policy as a means to improve student achievement are described, and a conceptual framework for systemic educational policy is presented. The advantages and disadvantages of centralized…

  1. Federal Policies in Barrier Island Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, H. Crane

    1980-01-01

    Current federal policy towards barrier islands is ambivalent, both favoring and regulating development. Alternate policies are presently being examined by Congress and the Department of Interior. Several of these options are discussed in this article. (WB)

  2. Science and Mathematics Education. Education Policy White Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilpatrick, Jeremy, Ed.; Quinn, Helen, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    Not since the launch of the Soviet Sputnik satellite spurred the federal government to begin investing in science and mathematics education through the National Defense Education Act have these two areas of the school curriculum been so high on state and federal policy agendas. Policy makers, business leaders, educators, and the media again worry…

  3. Policies and Programs of the Office of Indian Education. Oversight Hearing To Review the Programs of the Principal Recipient of Federal Funds for Indian Education, the Department of Education. Hearing before the Select Committee on Indian Affairs. United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, First Session (October 27, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs.

    This document contains the text of a Senate hearing to review policies and programs of the Office of Indian Education, and other federal Indian programs. Testimony is offered on the status of Indian education, federal regulations and allocations, Impact Aid, adult and vocational education, vocational rehabilitation, science improvement, and…

  4. International Student Access to U.S. Higher Education since World War II: How NAFSA (Association of International Educators) Has Influenced Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miyokawa, Norifumi

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation is a study of the policy process behind the legislation and regulation governing international student access to U.S. higher education since the immediate aftermath of World War II. The particular research focus of this dissertation is on NAFSA: Association of International Educators (originally established as the National…

  5. A Scale Analysis of the Effects of US Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pandya, Jessica Zacher

    2012-01-01

    In this essay I argue that the effects of federal policy can be examined through a scale analysis that helps deconstruct the effect of the current widespread accountability movement in the US educational system. I first discuss the concept of scale, including its thus-far limited use in educational research. I define scales not only as…

  6. Intercultural Policies and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goncalves, Susana, Ed.; Carpenter, Markus A., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Intercultural Policies and Education is concerned with educational challenges in multicultural societies. Educational policies, practices and strategies for fruitful coexistence in the multicultural school and classroom are explored and analysed through a collection of chapters designed and selected to provide readers with international,…

  7. Adult Continuing Education and the Federal Advisory Committees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera, William M.; DeSanctis, Vincent

    1981-01-01

    The lay citizen Federal Advisory Committees (FACs) appear to be playing a recognized role in federal policy advisement, fulfilling one of the tenets of adult education: citizen participation. The 21 education FACs, particularly the 11 adult-education related ones, deserve the attention of adult educators. (SK)

  8. International Air Transport and Federal Policy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Binder, R. H.

    1972-01-01

    The Federal policy which establishes guidelines for future U.S. participation in the international air transportation industry is discussed. The policy issues discussed include the following: (1) aircraft hijacking, both foreign and domestic, (2) relationship of scheduled services and charter services, (3) capacity problems, and (4) rate regulation.

  9. Federal Financing of Indian Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loon, Eric Van

    Since over 200 million Federal dollars are disbursed annually for American Indian education under Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I, Indian Education Act Title IV, and Johnson O'Malley programs, it is difficult to understand the dismal state of Indian education. However, factors contributing to abuse of…

  10. Wyoming Career and Technical Education Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MPR Associates, Inc., 2009

    2009-01-01

    This policy analysis was produced for the Wyoming Department of Administration and Information by MPR Associates, Inc. Its purpose was to examine federal and state policy related to career and technical education (CTE) to determine whether existing policy (in the form of statutes, rules, regulations, and guidance) could either promote or impede…

  11. Cumulative Effects of Federal Education Policies on Schools and Districts. Summary Report of a Congressionally Mandated Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapp, Michael S.; And Others

    Drawing data from 20 school districts in 8 states, this study assessed the collective impact of federal categorical programs and related civil rights mandates on 6 problem areas in local school districts. Interviews with a variety of respondents in local districts focused on the federal laws' effects on instructional services for target students,…

  12. "But what is the object of educating these children, if it costs their lives to educate them?": federal Indian education policy in western Canada in the late 1800s.

    PubMed

    Enns, Richard A

    2009-01-01

    Debates in the Canadian House of Commons in the last two decades of the nineteenth century revealed persistent differences between the Conservatives and the Liberals over federal Indian education policy and the administration of industrial schools. Until their defeat in 1896, the Conservatives supported a denominational industrial school system and a policy of rapid assimilation. The Liberals generally opposed denominational schools and believed the industrial school system was too costly and was not leading to rapid assimilation. After gaining power, the Liberals stopped construction of industrial schools in favour of boarding and day schools, but denominational influence remained strong. The Conservative emphasis on assimilation was replaced by measures that supported reserve-based segregation as earlier hopes for rapid assimilation diminished. Despite policy differences, neither the Conservatives nor the Liberals held Aboriginal cultures in high regard, and debates regarding the means and intent of Indian education played out against well-known, high mortality rates and often abysmal conditions in the schools. PMID:20715327

  13. Streamlining Federal Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mockler, John B.; Birdsall, Peter

    1983-01-01

    Proposes a way to streamline federal categorical program management while maintaining equity and equality. The proposal has three components: (1) incentives to state governments to adopt programs that meet federal objectives; (2) schoolwide coordination of programs; and (3) waivers from categorical program requirements under certain conditions.…

  14. Rural Education: The Federal Response.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minter, Thomas K.

    Increased Department of Education (ED) interest in rural education has been part of the awakening of federal concern for rural American issues. In response to a 1979 Presidential mandate to define and address the needs of rural America, the ED has identified basic problems of rural education that lend themselves to solution by the federal…

  15. Priorities for Federal Education Statistics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murnane, Richard J.

    The paper suggests priorities for the federal government's elementary and secondary education data collection efforts. Sections on outputs, inputs, and private schools describe what data is needed, what is already available, and what is recommended for data collection. Recommendations include a high priority for federal funding for the National…

  16. Current Topics In STEM Education Policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glembo, Tyler

    2015-04-01

    The role of the federal government in education is a hotly debated topic in Congress, causing education to become deeply embedded in politics. Federal funding of education, although covering only about ten percent of total cost, has large impact in the classroom, from testing standards to low interest student loans. This talk will examine the current landscape in physics education including issues facing the community at a national/federal level and also legislation such as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. We will also examine how stakeholders can develop effective messages and participate in discussions with policy makers.

  17. When Research Matters: How Scholarship Influences Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "When Research Matters" considers the complex and crucially important relationship between education research and policy. In examining how and under what conditions research affects education policy, the book focuses on a number of critical issues: the history of the federal role in education policy; the evolving nature of educational policy…

  18. 75 FR 29744 - Federal Pell Grant, Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, Federal Supplemental Educational...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.... Department of Education. ACTION: Notice of revision of the Federal Need Analysis Methodology for the 2011... the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA). An EFC is the amount a student and his or...

  19. Federalization of Education in Chihuahua

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marak, Andrae M.

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the politics behind the initial centralization of primary education in Chihuahua, Mexico during the 1920s and 1930s. The article argues that the centralization of primary education was one of many tools used by the federal government to consolidate its power in the wake of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1917) and create a…

  20. Education Policy Analysis 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

    This volume is the companion to the 1997 collection of international education indicators from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), "Education at a Glance--OECD Indicators." It aims to deepen the analysis of current policy issues and facilitate interpretation of data using selected indicators of particular relevance to…

  1. Assessment and Educational Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Virginia B.

    1975-01-01

    Because of increased access of postsecondary education in the 1950's and 1960's, higher education cost analysis gained importance. Attempts have been made to develop a standard unit cost, but it is hard to see unit cost accounting by itself as a valuable tool for public accountability or policy making. For these purposes a cost-effectiveness ratio…

  2. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or Agency. 97.103 Section 97.103 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection...

  3. Evaluating Federal Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Eva L., Ed.

    A series of papers was developed by the authors as part of their deliberations as members of the National Research Council's Committee of Program Evaluation in Education. The papers provide a broad range of present evaluative thinking. The conflict between preferences in evaluation methodology comes through in these papers. The selections include:…

  4. Advocating for Ethnographic Work in Early Childhood Federal Policy: Problems and Possibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adair, Jennifer Keys

    2011-01-01

    Initiated as part of the Council on Anthropology and Education's Policy Engagement Working Group, the policy brief "Ethnographic Knowledge For Early Childhood" focused on making the case for ethnography as evidence within early childhood federal policy. This article describes the creation and distribution of the policy brief as well as the…

  5. Every Student Counts: The Role of Federal Policy in Improving Graduation Rate Accountability. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richmond, Eric

    2009-01-01

    As the poor performance of U.S. high schools has been acknowledged and come to the forefront of education policy debates over the past several years, so too has a recognition of the need to improve graduation rate calculations and accountability for increasing those rates. A range of state, national, and federal efforts have been launched toward…

  6. Reagan Conservatism and Hawke Socialism: Whither the Differences in the Education Policies of the U.S. and Australian Federal Governments?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smart, Don

    The Hawke Labor government in Australia, elected in 1983, conforms to a well-defined international trend away from stong public support for education and welfare spending. This paper focuses on the education policies of the Hawke government and compares them with those of the previous Fraser government and with those of the Reagan administration…

  7. Legal Forum: The Changing Federal Role in Bilingual Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, Martha M.

    1986-01-01

    Presents a brief overview of historical developments and recent activity regarding the federal government's policy toward bilingual education. Focuses mainly on the Supreme Court's Lau v. Vichols decision of 1974, which lent support to bilingual education, and the Reagan Administration's challenges to current funding practices for such education.…

  8. 75 FR 22757 - Federal Advisory Committee; Army Education Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Army Education Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal... renewing the charter for the Army Education Advisory Committee (hereafter referred to as the Committee... include the U.S. Army's joint professional military education programs, educational policies,...

  9. The Expanding Federal Role in Teacher Workforce Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Superfine, Benjamin M.; Gottlieb, Jessica J.; Smylie, Mark A.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the recent expansion of the federal role into teacher workforce policy, primarily as embodied by the Race to the Top Fund of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Such recent federal teacher workforce policy reflects an important expansion of the federal role into a policy domain that deserves more attention. The…

  10. Seeing beyond Silos: How State Education Agencies Spend Federal Education Dollars and Why

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Historically, state departments of education, or SEAs, have--for the most part--been compliance-focused organizations that managed federal education policy. Over the past several decades, these agencies have been education policy implementation entities. Today, while their compliance responsibilities have remained, they are taking on more…

  11. The Federal Role in Postsecondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgkinson, Virginia A.

    The federal role in postsecondary education since 1787 is traced. Attention is directed to the types of indirect federal support toward postsecondary education until the first Higher Education Act of 1965, and the kinds of national priorities served by the current federal role in postsecondary education. Future projections and the implications of…

  12. Handbook of Education Policy Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sykes, Gary, Ed.; Schneider, Barbara, Ed.; Plank, David N., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    Educational policy continues to be of major concern. Policy debates about economic growth and national competitiveness, for example, commonly focus on the importance of human capital and a highly educated workforce. Defining the theoretical boundaries and methodological approaches of education policy research are the two primary themes of this…

  13. It's Not Your Mother and Father's Monetary Policy Anymore: The Federal Reserve and Financial Crisis Relief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Andrew T.; Wood, William C.

    2011-01-01

    The recent financial crisis brought about dramatic changes in the way that the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank, conducts monetary policy. One challenge for high school educators going forward will be to strike a balance between the teaching of traditional monetary policy and the teaching of the monetary policy used during these…

  14. Sexual Violence on the College Campus: A Template for Compliance with Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, Patricia Pasky

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The author introduces a template, the Model Policy for the Prevention and Response to Sexual Assault, to assist institutions of higher education to benchmark campus policy compliance with federal laws directed at sexual assault. The author presents a detailed review of policy criteria recommended by the National Institute of Justice.…

  15. 75 FR 12217 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-15

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant programs... Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG... Administrator, 2020 Company, LLC, 3110 Fairview Park Drive, Suite 950, Falls Church, VA 22042. 3. The...

  16. 76 FR 5787 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Programs... Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG.... The Work Colleges Program The Work Colleges September 30, Report of 2010-2011 award Program Report...

  17. ABE Program Administrators' Perceptions of the Impact of Selected Federal Policies on Their Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Ursula

    2010-01-01

    Adult education has historically been called to serve as a means to an end in promoting federal and social policy. As such, adult education seems to be shaped by current trends and national needs. Most recent, are the work-first policies of the 1990s. This qualitative case study explored ABE program administrators' perceptions of the impact of…

  18. Politics and Support of Education at the Federal Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curley, John R.

    1986-01-01

    Characterizes federal support for education as a political process involving Congress, the president, special interest groups, program administrators, and the general public. Examines policy shifts from bipartisan congressional leadership in the late 1940s through John Kennedy's advocacy of federal aid and Ronald Reagan's endorsement of state and…

  19. Revolution or Backlash? The Mediatisation of Education Policy in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hattam, Robert; Prosser, Brenton; Brady, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    Recent scholarship has identified the emergence of a new modality of policy work: the mediatisation of policy. This paper provides an Australian case study which reports on the tactics of an Australian Federal Minister of Education and a media commentator who both engaged in public pedagogical work for the purpose of spinning education policy. In…

  20. Policy Review on Adult Learning: The Adult Non-Formal Education Policy of Mali, West Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadio, Moussa

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on the issue of policy development for adult learning in Mali, West Africa. On January 2007, the Malian government adopted the "Adult Non-formal Education Policy Document," which was intended to regulate the adult learning sector and federate the actions of policy makers, adult education providers, and adult learners. The…

  1. Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2003 and 2004. Public Policy Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2003

    2003-01-01

    This paper is the seventh in a biennial series summarizing state and federal public policy issues affecting higher education. The purpose is to provide board members and other higher education officials with brief descriptions of the most important public policy issues. In one way or another, most of the public policy issues cited in this paper…

  2. The Roles of State Departments of Education As Policy Intermediaries: Two Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamann, Edmund T.; Lane, Brett

    2004-01-01

    As the variety of state education agency (SEA) responses to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 demonstrates, different SEAs interpret the same federal educational policy differently. Nonetheless, little research has depicted how federal policies are changed by SEA-based policy intermediaries. Using an "ethnography of educational policy"…

  3. Giving Every Student Access to Excellent Teachers: A Vision for Focusing Federal Investments in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for American Progress, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Despite constraints on federal resources and authority in education policy, the federal government has a pivotal role to play in identifying a compelling, high-impact focal point that aligns policy priorities at the federal, state, and local levels. The federal government could play a critical role in expanding students' access to excellent…

  4. Politics of Education at the Federal Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sroufe, Gerald E.

    1994-01-01

    The federal government has had a small role in financing education since the adoption of the Constitution. The federal politics of education should be studied because such study illustrates and furthers conceptual analysis, information is abundant and accessible, the federal politics of education represents a singular set of institutions, and the…

  5. Language Policy and Bilingual Education in Arizona and Washington State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Eric J.; Johnson, David Cassels

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we compare the bilingual/language education policies of Arizona and Washington to show that state-level language policy plays a critical role in shaping the appropriation of federal language policy [No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), Title III] and how different state-level language policies impact the district level of policy…

  6. Health Policy Formulation on a Federal Level, Process and Substance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stambler, Moses

    Factors which influence the federal government's policy toward health care include cost, technology, social values, federalism, interest group politics, increased federal involvement, and the current utilitarian attitude toward research. The interaction of these factors results in a complex process of policy formation. For example, when the…

  7. Educational Accountability and Policy Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonnell, Lorraine M.

    2013-01-01

    Over the past 30 years, accountability policies have become more prominent in public K-12 education and have changed how teaching and learning are organized. It is less clear the extent to which these policies have altered the politics of education. This article begins to address that question through the lens of policy feedback. It identifies…

  8. Local-State-Federal Education Relationships: Issues Regarding Block Grants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Kenneth H.

    This paper poses and responds to 10 questions about the policy issues affecting state education agencies raised by the federal government's plans to reduce expenditures for education and to consolidate several categorical aid programs into two major block grants. These 10 questions focus on the shifting relationships among and responsibilities of…

  9. Education for the Handicapped: What Is the Appropriate Federal Role?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IFG Policy Notes, 1981

    1981-01-01

    This series of short articles discusses two separate educational policy issues: the federal role in education for the handicapped and tuition tax credits. Concerning the first issue, the document discusses the background of P.L. 94-142 and its first 5 years, concluding that, although accomplishments are impressive, there are still difficulties in…

  10. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Gene V., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This document consists of the 2000 edition of the "Education Policy Analysis Archives." The papers include: (1) "Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: A Review of State Policy Evidence" (Linda Darling-Hammond); (2) "America Y2K: The Obsolescence of Educational Reforms" (Sherman Dorn); (3) "Forces for Change in Mathematics Education: The Case of…

  11. Federal Student Aid Policy: Can We Learn from Experience? Proceedings of the New York Education Policy Seminar (3rd, Albany, New York, October 1985). [and Discussant Comments]. Rockefeller Institute Conference Proceedings, Number 7, Spring 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, Michael S.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    This paper examines the problem of determining how effective student aid programs have been in promoting the college enrollment of lower income and disadvantaged students and analyzes the institutional means through which federal aid policies have been implemented. The importance of considering the key role of state and institutional responses to…

  12. Toward a new Federal policy for technology: The outline emerges

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Logsdon, J. M.

    1972-01-01

    The development is traced of a new federal policy for the support and use of technology. The premises underlying such a policy and forecasts likely future developments are analyzed. The first Presidential message on science and technology is included.

  13. 77 FR 4547 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-30

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Programs... requests and documents from postsecondary institutions for the Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study... 22042-4548. 3. The Work Colleges Program Report of The Work Colleges Program October 1, 2012....

  14. 78 FR 14776 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Programs... requests and documents from postsecondary institutions for the Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study..., Suite 800, Falls Church, VA 22042- 4548. 3. The Work Colleges Program Report of The Work...

  15. Federal Information Policy and Access to Web-based Federal Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bruce; Fraser, Bruce T.; McClure, Charles R.

    2000-01-01

    Considers selected policy instruments related to federal agencies' deployment of information in a Web environment in terms of five key policy areas: access, security, privacy, intellectual property, and records management. Suggests that there are a significant number of policy instruments affecting federal Web site development. Identifies the need…

  16. Understanding the Relationship of Federal Policies and Community Colleges: A Proposed Analytical Policy Framework.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovell, Cheryl D.

    2000-01-01

    Describes a study of two community colleges and ten community college administrators to determine whether federal policies had influence on these institutions. Proposes a new policy framework, based on the findings, with five dimensions: (1) federal research support; (2) federal tax laws; (3) federal student financial aid; (4) funded mandates; and…

  17. Science Education & Advocacy: Tools to Support Better Education Policies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Donnell, Christine; Cunningham, B.; Hehn, J. G.

    2014-01-01

    Education is strongly affected by federal and local policies, such as testing requirements and program funding, and many scientists and science teachers are increasingly interested in becoming more engaged with the policy process. To address this need, I worked with the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) --- a professional membership society of scientists and science teachers that is dedicated to enhancing the understanding and appreciation of physics through teaching --- to create advocacy tools for its members to use, including one-page leave-behinds, guides for meeting with policymakers, and strategies for framing issues. In addition, I developed a general tutorial to aid AAPT members in developing effective advocacy strategies to support better education policies. This work was done through the Society for Physics Students (SPS) Internship program, which provides a range of opportunities for undergraduates, including research, education and public outreach, and public policy. In this presentation, I summarize these new advocacy tools and their application to astronomy education issues.

  18. Proceedings, Conference on Public Policy and Education: The Making of Policy. Case Study: The Impact of Office of Civil Rights Rulings on Local Policy Making in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lachman, Seymour P., Ed.

    This document presents an overview of issues concerning the relationship between Federal, State, and local governments in education, the impact of Office of Civil Rights' (OCR) rulings on educational policy-making in New York City, and views held by various individuals towards the impact of such rulings on local policy-making in education. Michael…

  19. Gifted Education Policy in Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsson, Yvonne

    1986-01-01

    An overview of Australian policy on the education of gifted and talented children is followed by analysis of specific state and territorial policies on definitions and programing. The need for community liaison meetings and adequate perservice and inservice teacher education is emphasized. (CL)

  20. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Gene V., Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This electronic journal covers a variety of issues related to educational policy. The 22 articles (issues) of Volume 5 analyze aspects of policy in the United States and other countries for elementary, secondary, and higher education. Articles include: (1) "Markets and Myths: Autonomy in Public and Private schools" (Glass); (2) "Where Have All the…

  1. The Federal Role in Educational R & D.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ornstein, Allan C.

    The federal mission in educational research from 1868, when the Department of Education was established, to 1954, was to collect statistics. In 1954 the Cooperative Research Act authorized the Commissioner of Education to finance research and demonstrations in education. Outside the Office of Education (OE), the National Science Foundation…

  2. Guidelines for Federal Aviation Administration Regional Aviation Education Coordinators and Aviation Education Facilitators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strickler, Mervin K., Jr.

    This publication is designed to provide both policy guidance and examples of how to work with various constituencies in planning and carrying out appropriate Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) aviation education activities. Information is provided on the history of aerospace/aviation education, FAA educational materials, aerospace/aviation…

  3. Procedures for Developing Policy for Nursery Schools and Day Care Centers: Educational Policy Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noonan, Roberta L.

    This investigation of educational policy for child care facilities identifies 18 areas of school operation that would benefit from written policy statements and suggests 6 procedures to use in formulating policy. Interviews with 6 child care center directors, a review of the literature, and a review of federal and state standards for child care,…

  4. The Intersection of Policy, Reform, and Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiseman, Donna L.

    2012-01-01

    Policy affecting teacher education evolves from a wide range of sources, including public perceptions and attitudes, federal initiatives, current trends in public schools and higher education, the visions and whims of politicians, and the profession's own initiatives. No matter how it emerges, it is not unusual for policy ebbs and flows to result…

  5. Educational Policy Development for Nebraska: An Examination of Critical Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Thomas C.; Wendel, Frederick C.

    This monograph contains seminar papers concerning educational policy issues presented in Nebraska from 1972-1978. In the papers, recognized educational experts in the state react to substantive issues and follow up with a current status report. The issues discussed include networking to develop policy, accountability, federal involvement,…

  6. Teaching, Learning, and Leading: Preparing Teachers as Educational Policy Actors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heineke, Amy J.; Ryan, Ann Marie; Tocci, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Within the current federal, state, and local contexts of educational reform, teachers must be recognized as central actors in policy work, but rarely do we explicitly consider preparing teachers to become policy actors. Understanding these implications for teacher education, we investigate teacher candidates' learning of the complexity and…

  7. The Ideological Architecture of Whiteness as Property in Educational Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aggarwal, Ujju

    2016-01-01

    In this article, I follow federal policy mandates and educational policy narratives to trace the resolution to inequality that was constructed post-"Brown v. Board of Education," and what this resolution might tell us about the reconstitution of the racial state despite the extension of universal civil rights. I examine how the…

  8. Federal Government Electronic Bulletin Boards: An Assessment with Policy Recommendations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

    1993-01-01

    Identifies and analyzes federal government electronic bulletin boards; assesses the types of information available to users, including costs and technological access issues; discusses federal information policy; and considers the role of federal bulletin boards in accessing and managing electronic government information. (Contains 29 references.)…

  9. Crafting Coherence from Complex Policy Messages: Educators' Perceptions of Special Education and Standards-Based Accountability Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Jennifer Lin; Bray, Laura E.

    2013-01-01

    Federal special education and accountability policies requires that educators individualize instruction for students with disabilities, while simultaneously ensuring that the vast majority of these students meet age-based grade-level standards and assessment targets. In this paper, we examine this dynamic interplay between policies through…

  10. Education Policy, Growth and Welfare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benos, Nikos

    2010-01-01

    The present paper studies the general equilibrium implications of two types of education policy in an overlapping generations model. We examine education transfers, which augment inherited private education spending, and public investment on economy-wide human capital, which provides externalities to individual human capital accumulation. The…

  11. The Sociomateriality of Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landri, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    By drawing on sociomaterial approaches to education, this paper presents a case study on the creation, development and consolidation of the education zone, a new policy space in South Italy. The topological reading of the case study reveals the complex reassemblage of humans and non-humans in the enactment of the education zones, and its multiple…

  12. Policy Issues in Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliver, Leonard P.

    1983-01-01

    States that adult educators in the United States, unlike their counterparts abroad, have not been key actors in influencing policy with adult education overtones at the national, state, or local levels. Discusses how adult educators can become more influential by applying concepts used by Warren Bennis to describe organizational health: sense of…

  13. Educational Aesthetics and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Ralph A.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author conceptualizes educational aesthetics in terms of two domains: educational aesthetics as arts education and educational aesthetics as a range of nonarts educational activities understood from artistic and aesthetic points of view. A lead is taken from Harry S. Broudy's midcentury essay "Some Duties of an Educational…

  14. Education Policies and Policy Making in Arizona: Report on a Survey of Education Policy Actors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawton, Stephen B.

    2011-01-01

    This study provides an objective look at the education policies adopted by the State of Arizona since 2000, describes participants in the policy-making process, and identifies policy options for the future. The framework of the study uses a typology of educational policies with seven categories: school building and facilities, curriculum…

  15. FEDERAL PROGRAMS FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BYSTROM, JOHN W.

    THE GROWTH AND PROGRESS OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION IS DESCRIBED. GRANTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF NONCOMMERCIAL TELEVISION (TV) BROADCASTING STATIONS (EDUCATIONAL TV FACILITIES ACT), GRANTS OF SURPLUS PROPERTY UNDER THE NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT HAVE AIDED THE GROWTH OF EDUCATIONAL TV. GREATER USE IS MADE OF EDUCATIONAL TV BECAUSE OF GREATER USE…

  16. Federal funding of health policy in Brazil: trends and challenges.

    PubMed

    Machado, Cristiani Vieira; Lima, Luciana Dias de; Andrade, Carla Lourenço Tavares de

    2014-01-01

    The article analyzes Federal funding of health policy in Brazil in the 2000s, focusing on the Ministry of Health's budget implementation. Federal spending on health was less unstable between 2000 and 2002 and has expanded since 2006. However, it fluctuated as a share of both the Gross Domestic Product and Gross National Revenue. Federal intergovernmental transfers increased, exceeding 70% in 2007. Meanwhile, the proportion of Federal investments remained low, varying from 3.4% to 6.3%. The highest absolute amount of spending was on specialized outpatient and hospital care. The decade showed a proportionally greater increase in spending on pharmaceutical care. The growing allocation of Federal funds to States in the North and Northeast, especially for primary care and epidemiological surveillance, failed to offset the sharp regional inequalities in per capita Federal spending. The main characteristics of health funding limit Federal health policy governance and pose several challenges for the Brazilian Unified National Health System. PMID:24627025

  17. Policy gridlock in waste management: Balancing federal and state concerns

    SciTech Connect

    Feldman, D.L.; Peretz, J.H.; Jendrucko, B.K.

    1993-12-31

    Current federal hazardous and low-level radioactive waste management policies fail to balance national concerns for policy consistency with state concerns for equity, discretion, and adequate resources. Failure to balance these competing values has resulted in {open_quotes}policy gridlock{close_quotes} - exemplified by conflicts over the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Acts. Both conflicts have resulted in recent U.S. Supreme Court litigation. After reviewing federal-state conflict in hazardous and low-level radioactive waste management, we propose that the solution to gridlock lies in modifying conjoint federalism. Conjoint federalism allows for joint responsibility for waste policy between federal and state governments, with state programs meeting minimum standards set by federal programs. However, conjoint federalism does not currently allow for sufficient state discretion, which is paramount for successful waste management programs. Specifically, Congress should expand conjoint federalism, to allow states to charge differential fees on imported hazardous waste as is done for low-level radioactive waste. This expansion would encourage waste minimization and better interstate planning.

  18. Shaping the Education Policy Dialogue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Douglas E.; Crowson, Robert L.; Shipps, Dorothy

    2011-01-01

    One important hallmark of William Lowe Boyd's scholarship was his uncanny ability to identify and articulate changes in the key ideas that shape and reshape scholarly, professional, and public discussions of educational policy and politics. Whether one thinks about debates over centralization and decentralization of policy control, changes in…

  19. Connect Computer Education to Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimmelman, Paul

    1985-01-01

    The computer phenomenon has made rapid inroads into school curricula, often without proper board guidance or approval. Accordingly, this pamphlet discusses why and how computer education should be provided in schools and sets forth guidelines for school board policy regarding computers. An umbrella policy is proposed, defining "computer literacy"…

  20. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Gene V., Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This document consists of the 19 articles published in the Electronic Journal "Education Policy Analysis Archives" for the year 1996: (1) "The Achievement Crisis Is Real: A Review of 'The Manufactured Crisis'" (Lawrence C. Stedman); (2) "Staff Development Policy: Fuzzy Choices in an Imperfect Market" (Robert T. Stout); (3) "Making Molehills out of…

  1. Federal Aid to Elementary and Secondary Education: Premises, Effects, and Major Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manna, Paul

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to inform federal education policy by examining Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and two federal efforts to improve teacher quality, the Eisenhower Professional Development Program and the highly qualified teacher provisions of the No Child Left…

  2. Changing Retirement Policies. Current Issues in Higher Education, 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.

    Changes in federal law regarding mandatory retirement policy, while not directly covering higher education until 1982, will have much earlier educational and financial impacts on colleges and universities. Educational decision-makers will modify their behavior in such areas as hiring and tenure decisions, retirement decisions, and faculty pay…

  3. Indian Education: Policy and Politics, 1972-1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Margaret S.

    1986-01-01

    From 1972 to 1982 the Canadian federal government made unilateral decisions about Indian education while purporting to accept the National Indian Brotherhood's policy document, "Indian Control of Indian Education." Examples include the government's handling of cuts in the noon lunch supplement program, educational services to off-reserve Indians,…

  4. Teachers' Organizations and Educational Policy: The Case of France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanner, Raymond E.

    1978-01-01

    Characterizes membership and policy-making role of the largest teachers' organization in France, the Federation de l'Education Nationale. It represents 44 specialized educational unions. It supports the socialist party but has identified itself with the traditional way of administering education in France. (Author/AV)

  5. Federal Accommodation Policy in Practice: Implications for a Substantive Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemmer, Lynn; Baker, Candace

    2011-01-01

    The design of governmental regulations creates an assumption that policy implementation is linear in nature and is unproblematic (Dorey, 2005). As states, local education agencies (LEAs), and eventually school leaders and teachers engage in the policy implementation process, it becomes evident that this hierarchal dissemination of policy results…

  6. Policy Implications of Education Informatics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carr, Jo Ann; O'Brien, Nancy P.

    2010-01-01

    Background/Context: This concluding article identifies the policy implications of education informatics and explores impacts of current copyright laws, legislative structures, publishing practices, and education organizations. Synthesizing the discussions in the preceding articles, this article highlights the importance of designing information…

  7. Empirical Findings and Educational Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotter, Ludwig

    1988-01-01

    Sketches relevant issues of the relationship between findings in the field of educational science and decisions to be taken in educational policy. Discusses possible interaction models, identifying factors relevant to their realization. States that the identification of factors determining the application of research findings remains an important…

  8. A Secondary Publisher's Views on Federal Information Policy: A Viewpoint.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landau, Herbert B.

    1988-01-01

    Attributes the acquisition of large segments of U.S. information services by foreign interests to the absence of a national information policy and the lack of federal support for the domestic information industry. Appropriate responses by the federal government are suggested. (4 references) (CLB)

  9. Federal Policy toward Youth Employment: An Historical and Political Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntire, James L.

    The development of Federal policies affecting youth employment has gone through five critical periods during the 20th century. The period began with the failure of child labor reformers to obtain Federal intervention in youth labor markets. The New Deal greatly enhanced a reversal of the trend. Development of the Great Society programs provided an…

  10. Federal Family and Disability Policy: Special Relevance for Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III; Stowe, Matthew J.; Agosta, John; Turnbull, Ann P.; Schrandt, M. Suzanne; Muller, John F.

    2007-01-01

    This article reviews federal policy affecting families who have children or adult members with disabilities, particularly but not exclusively developmental disabilities. It reviews the federal statutes and family-and-disability related decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court and the other courts. It then reviews the research on current family support…

  11. Fifty Years of Federal Teacher Policy: An Appraisal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sykes, Gary; Dibner, Kenne

    2009-01-01

    Federal policy directed to teaching and teachers is the subject of this review, which is organized around: (1) recruitment; (2) training; (3) accountability; (4) incentives; (5) qualifications; (6) class size reduction; (teacher working conditions; and (8) human resource management and the overall coordination of teacher policy. For each theme,…

  12. "Economics Imperialism", Education Policy and Educational Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allais, Stephanie

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines how economics imperialism (the increasing colonization of other disciplines by neoclassical economics) has affected contemporary education policies. I suggest that an increasing preoccupation with education meeting the needs of the economy, together with the prevalence of economic concepts outside of economics, have contributed…

  13. Prioritizing Leadership: New Leaders' Federal Policy Platform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Leaders, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Principals are critical to the success of any school improvement effort--from increasing academic rigor toward college- and career-ready standards to teacher evaluation and support. They ensure this success by building a strong, shared vision and leading effective implementation for staff, students, and families. The federal government has an…

  14. Technology Assessment and Federal Information Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenbeis, Kathleen

    1988-01-01

    Describes the role and purpose of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) and its relationship to Congress. A chain of congressional activities is developed which links the major events within selected committees to the current OTA assessment of federal information dissemination, and issues and implications of this study are addressed. (14…

  15. Federal facility compliance: Strategies, policies and management

    SciTech Connect

    1999-07-01

    Federal Facility Compliance reviews developments in environmental legislative/regulatory analysis, climate change, and environmental management practices at the US Postal Service. It also covers the management of ozone-depleting chemicals at US Army Reserve facilities, Title 5, and wastewater system assessments at military installations.

  16. Democracy and the Unity of Culture: Cultural Policy during the Weimar Period and the Consequences for the Federal Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuhr, Christoph

    1985-01-01

    Many problems of educational policy are influenced by the distribution of tasks between the federal government and the Lander as prescribed by the German constitution. How the experiences of the Weimar Republic have affected education in the Federal Republic is shown through an analysis of constitutional history. (RM)

  17. Policy Learning and Governance of Education Policy in the EU

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lange, Bettina; Alexiadou, Nafsika

    2010-01-01

    Open methods for coordinating (OMC) education policies in the EU rely on a number of techniques, one of which is policy learning. This article examines how policy learning and governance transform each other. More specifically, policy-learning in the education OMC becomes differentiated into four distinct learning styles: mutual, competitive,…

  18. The Federal Role in Nursing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdellah, Faye G.

    1987-01-01

    The author discusses the history of federal support for nursing education since the 1930s, including the recent establishment of the National Center for Nursing Research. She covers the future likelihood of funding cuts and strategies for retrenchment. (CH)

  19. Hoaxes in Educational Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravitch, Diane

    2014-01-01

    This article address the falsehoods regarding No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top legislation, the educational reformers' stance that schools are failing, the privatization movement in education, and the issues of technology in the schools. The importance of poverty is emphasized, although policymakers ignore it and advocate school…

  20. Reflections on Policy in Gifted Education: James J. Gallagher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Elissa F.; Garland, Rebecca B.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Brown and Garland, reflect on issues raised by James J. Gallagher, such as educational policies helping to create and support an infrastructure within which the needs of students can be addressed. Gallagher felt that a strong federal policy, such as IDEA, was critical to building and maintaining a solid infrastructure. Gallagher…

  1. Educational Turbulence: The Influence of Macro and Micro-Policy on Science Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Carla C.

    2013-01-01

    Enactment of federal educational policy has direct implications for states and local school districts across the nation, particularly in the areas of accountability and funding. This study utilized constructivist grounded theory to examine the impact of policy on science education reform in a large, urban school district over a 5-year period. The…

  2. Civic Skills and Federal Policy. Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE), 2010

    2010-01-01

    Citizens can improve their communities, the government, and the nation through active civic engagement and collaboration. To do so requires skills. Educational programs and other government-supported initiatives have been shown to enhance Americans' civic skills and their levels of engagement. But these programs and other opportunities are scarce…

  3. Update on U.S. federal scientific integrity policies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2011-05-01

    U.S. federal science and technology departments and agencies need to provide draft scientific integrity plans to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) by 29 June, OSTP director John Holdren announced at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Forum on Science and Technology Policy on 5 May. In April, more than 30 executive branch departments, agencies, and offices submitted progress reports on the development of their scientific integrity policies, with a handful by that time providing draft or complete policies for review, according to a 5 May OSTP blog posting.

  4. The New Federalism: State Policies Regarding Embryonic Stem Cell Research.

    PubMed

    Acosta, Nefi D; Golub, Sidney H

    2016-09-01

    Stem cell policy in the United States is an amalgam of federal and state policies. The scientific development of human pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) triggered a contentious national stem cell policy debate during the administration of President George W. Bush. The Bush "compromise" that allowed federal funding to study only a very limited number of ESC derived cell lines did not satisfy either the researchers or the patient advocates who saw great medical potential being stifled. Neither more restrictive legislation nor expansion of federal funding proved politically possible and the federal impasse opened the door for a variety of state-based experiments. In 2004, California became the largest and most influential state venture into stem cell research by passing "Prop 71," a voter initiative that created a new stem cell agency and funded it with $3 billion. Several states followed suit with similar programs to protect the right of investigators to do stem cell research and in some cases to invest state funding in such projects. Other states devised legislation to restrict stem cell research and in five states, criminal penalties were included. Thus, the US stem cell policy is a patchwork of multiple, often conflicting, state and federal policies. PMID:27587447

  5. In-State Tuition Policies under the Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act. ECS Education Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulton, Mary; Sponsler, Brian A.

    2015-01-01

    Ensuring access and affordability to a postsecondary education for veterans and their dependents has long been a focus of federal and state education policy. Developing policy to support educational attainment among these individuals has required state policymakers to address residency requirements for veterans to determine eligibility for…

  6. School-Age Parents: Federal Programs and Policies Relevant to Pregnant or Parenting Secondary Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Kristin A.

    Federal programs and policies that affect pregnant and parenting teenagers, particularly those programs that are of relevance to schools, are briefly described. The main categories of programs and legislation described are: (1) those bearing on teenage parents and education; (2) pre-school programs; (3) day care; (4) welfare; (5) social services;…

  7. Federal Income-Maintenance and Manpower Policy Related to a Selected Poverty Group in Mississippi.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Don Charles

    This study, while also surveying nationwide poverty, concentrated on the ability of Federal income maintenance and manpower policies to alleviate poverty in a selected Mississippi group. Over 3,200 Mississippi families were analyzed for family characteristics and household heads' educational, training, and employment status. Findings included the…

  8. Federal Legal Protections for Educators with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uerling, Donald F.

    2007-01-01

    Educators are generally aware that federal law protects persons with disabilities from unjustified discrimination, but they may not be familiar with the details of how these protections come into play when decisions are made about an individual's educational or employment opportunities. This article focuses on the protections that two federal…

  9. Shaping Education Policy: Power and Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Douglas E., Ed.; Crowson, Robert L., Ed.; Shipps, Dorothy, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Shaping Education Policy" is a comprehensive overview of education politics and policy during the most turbulent and rapidly changing period in American history. Respected scholars review the history of education policy to explain the political powers and processes that shape education today. Chapters cover major themes that have influenced…

  10. Globalisation, Transnational Policies and Adult Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milana, Marcella

    2012-01-01

    Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education--This paper examines policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. Both these entities address adult education as an explicit object of policy. This paper…

  11. 300 Years of Canadian Indian Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dooner, Terrence

    1978-01-01

    Accenting the education policies of the Canadian government, this article discusses the European educational policy of Christianization as a prerequisite to civilization and education. The provincial or local legislature assumed jurisdictional responsibility for Indians until the 1972 Indian Control of Indian Education Policy Statement moved…

  12. State Policy Responses to Ensuring Excellent Educators in Rural Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gagnon, Douglas J.; Mattingly, Marybeth J.

    2015-01-01

    The Excellent Educators for All initiative is the most recent federal policy effort to address unequal access to teacher quality in the United States. States were required to submit equity plans to the U.S. Department of Education that detailed how to ensure that poor and minority children do not receive instruction from less qualified teachers.…

  13. Short-Circuiting the Bureaucracy: Policy Origins in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Hugh Davis

    The Great Society's secret task forces created by Lyndon Johnson, particularly in the case-study area of federal education policy, show the use and misuse of the task force device. Modern use of it began with John F. Kennedy. Although he used the task force device effectively sometimes, he did not use it effectively in his educational programs in…

  14. Sex Education in the United States: Policy and Politics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Journal of Health Education, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Examines the federal, state, and local policies that guide approaches to sex education in the United States today (comprehensive curricula versus abstinence only), examining recent research into community-level experiences and practices as well as emerging evidence about the effectiveness of different types of sex education curricula. (SM)

  15. Charter School Statutes and Special Education: Policy Answers or Policy Ambiguity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen M.; Lange, Cheryl M.

    2007-01-01

    Charter schools are a growing and evolving component of the public education sector. These schools may be exempt from state or local regulations, but they are part of the public system and subject to federal laws and many regulations. Research has documented policy tensions and basic challenges associated with developing special education programs…

  16. Educational Policy: Egalitarian or Elitist?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grossman, Herschel I.; Kim, Minseong

    This paper offers an explanation for observed differences across countries in educational policies and in resulting interpersonal distributions of human capital, analyzing a general-equilibrium model in which, as a result of differences in natural ability and nurturing, some people are initially well-endowed with human capital and some are…

  17. State Education Policy: Reporter Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wieder, Ben

    2014-01-01

    The education laws and policy decisions made in the state capitol might seem far removed from the realities of the schools, but their impact hits much closer to home than one might realize. Keeping track of those state debates as they occur is a good way to keep teachers, administrators, and local parents in-the-loop about changes that might be…

  18. Educational Policy in Foreign Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Barbara, Ed.

    Five talks given at a seminar on educational policy in foreign countries are presented in this document. The first contends that while schools established for Americans abroad tend to be isolated from the local community for several reasons, opportunities for extended cultural interchange exist and should be used. The second examines the nature of…

  19. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Gene V., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document consists of the 21 articles published in the electronic journal "Education Policy Analysis Archives" for the year 1996. The articles are: (1) "The Political Legacy of School Accountability Systems" (Sherman Dorn); (2) "Review of Stephen Arons's 'Short Route to Chaos'" (Charles L. Glenn); (3) "Planting Land Mines in Common Ground: A…

  20. The Federal Policy Toward Language and Education: Pendulum or Progress? A Response to the de Kanter/Baker Review. Monograph No. 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernandez-Chavez, Eduardo; And Others

    A response to the de Kanter/Baker draft report, "The Effectiveness of Bilingual Education: A Review of the Literature," the monograph argues that: the report contains many misinterpretations of theoretical work in psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, and educational research and of the empirical evidence on the efficacy of second language…

  1. Guiding Policy Principles for Higher Education. Policy Note. Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Group of Eight (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    The principal priorities for the Group of Eight (Go8) with regard to higher education policy are coherence and sustainability. Good public policy is based on principle and backed by evidence. This paper offers an interlinked set of principles for the development of higher education policy in Australia.

  2. Ethics in Distance Education: Developing Ethical Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gearhart, Deb

    2001-01-01

    Examines the changing world of education through distance education and discusses the need for ethics in distance education. Explains how to ethically develop policy for distance education, including Internet ethics, good practices guidelines, and involving faculty. (LRW)

  3. A literature review of the market effects of federal biofuel policy and recommendations for future policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayers, Alex Elgin

    The United States has had a federal biofuels policy since the 1970s. The purpose of this policy was to help the development of a biofuel industry during a time of high fuel prices in order to provide a domestic alternative to expensive foreign oil. Later the policy was changed to help lower the environmental impact caused by conventional fuels. Since that time the industry has grown and currently produces around 15 billion gallons of biofuels every year. The current federal biofuel policy is largely based on one program, the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), which mandates the production and blending of several different classes of biofuels and provides a form of subsidy to the biofuel industry. This paper examines the market effects of the federal biofuel policy and provides recommendations for improving the policy to counteract any negative effects. Federal biofuel policy has many far-reaching market effects. Some are easily calculable through expenditures and lost revenues, while others are harder to quantify because their full effects are not yet known. By evaluating these market effects, this paper will provide ample evidence that the federal biofuels policy needs to change, and will show what effects these changes could induce. The biofuels industry largely owes its existence to government policies, however as the research shows the industry can now stand on its own. This paper will examine what will happen if the federal policy is eliminated and what the future of the biofuels industry could hold. Based on these examinations, it is unlikely that the industry needs further government support and policies should be adjusted in light of this.

  4. The Relationship between Applied Linguistic Research and Language Policy for Bilingual Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, David Cassels

    2010-01-01

    Currently, restrictive-language policies seem to threaten bilingual education throughout the USA. Anti-bilingual education initiatives have passed easily in California, Arizona, and Massachusetts, while one was closely defeated in Colorado, and federal education policy has re-invigorated the focus on English education for English language…

  5. Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 9, Number 16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    "Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Senate Committee Passes Education Appropriations Bill; (2) Upside Down: New Alliance Brief Says Federal Education Policy Needs…

  6. Federal Freedom of Information Policy: Highlights of Recent Developments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Relyea, Harold C.

    2009-01-01

    For the Federal government of the United States, freedom of information policy is expressed in statutory law--the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), enacted in 1966, being the first such expression in this regard. Other transparency laws would follow. The FOIA, however, was legislated in the face of considerable opposition by the executive branch.…

  7. Federal Legislative Policy of the American Library Association.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Library Association, Chicago, IL. Legislation Committee.

    The American Library Association's policy on federal legislation is based on its objectives of promoting and improving library service and librarianship. Representing those who use libraries as well as those who operate them, the Association is a source of information on libraries and information services for those concerned with formulating and…

  8. Reducing Childhood Obesity through U.S. Federal Policy

    PubMed Central

    Kristensen, Alyson H.; Flottemesch, Thomas J.; Maciosek, Michael V.; Jenson, Jennifer; Barclay, Gillian; Ashe, Marice; Sanchez, Eduardo J.; Story, Mary; Teutsch, Steven M.; Brownson, Ross C.

    2016-01-01

    Background Childhood obesity prevalence remains high in the U.S., especially among racial/ethnic minorities and low-income populations. Federal policy is important in improving public health given its broad reach. Information is needed about federal policies that could reduce childhood obesity rates and by how much. Purpose To estimate the impact of three federal policies on childhood obesity prevalence in 2032, after 20 years of implementation. Methods Criteria were used to select the three following policies to reduce childhood obesity from 26 recommended policies: afterschool physical activity programs, a $0.01/ounce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) excise tax, and a ban on child-directed fast food TV advertising. For each policy, the literature was reviewed from January 2000 through July 2012 to find evidence of effectiveness and create average effect sizes. In 2012, a Markov microsimulation model estimated each policy’s impact on diet or physical activity, and then BMI, in a simulated school-aged population in 2032. Results The microsimulation predicted that afterschool physical activity programs would reduce obesity the most among children aged 6–12 years (1.8 percentage points) and the advertising ban would reduce obesity the least (0.9 percentage points). The SSB excise tax would reduce obesity the most among adolescents aged 13–18 years (2.4 percentage points). All three policies would reduce obesity more among blacks and Hispanics than whites, with the SSB excise tax reducing obesity disparities the most. Conclusions All three policies would reduce childhood obesity prevalence by 2032. However, a national $0.01/ounce SSB excise tax is the best option. PMID:25175764

  9. Policy and Practice in Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Ruth

    2007-01-01

    This article presents findings from a national study on doctoral education undertaken at a time of new government policies on funding of higher education and doctoral research in particular. The article discusses the overall policy developments in Australia and then examines the impact of policy on practice in doctoral education. Particular focus…

  10. Policies on Private Education: An Economics Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fengqiao, Yan

    2009-01-01

    Basic principles and analytical methods of economics are used to conduct a preliminary study of state policies for private education in China. It is evident that if public policy is to exert a positive effect on private education, the government must formulate policies at a higher level for private education and give equal attention to choice,…

  11. Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis, University of Southern California, 2007

    2007-01-01

    "The Navigator" is a free newsletter published by the Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) focusing on directions and trends in higher education policy. The theme of this issue is: "Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations." The lead article, authored by CHEPA director William G. Tierney, describes CHEPA's study of the…

  12. Public Education and Multicultural Policy in Canada: The Special Case of Quebec

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghosh, Ratna

    2004-01-01

    Education is a provincial responsibility in Canada, but there is a sharing of expenditure and strong support of public education, health and other welfare programs between the provinces and the federal government. Although the federal policy of multiculturalism has been aimed at making Canada a "just" society, the implementation of this policy in…

  13. Key State Education Policies on PK-12 Education: 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stillman, Laura; Blank, Rolf K.

    2009-01-01

    The Key State Education Policies on PK-12 Education is intended to inform policymakers and educators about the current status of key education policies that define and shape elementary and secondary education in public schools across the 50 states. The report is part of a continuing series by the Council's State Education Indicators program.…

  14. Removing the Roadblocks: How Federal Policy Can Cultivate Effective Teachers. Recommendations for the Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Given the tremendous impact teachers have on learning--they are the single most important school-based determinant of student achievement--the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) believes that no education improvement strategy states and districts take on is likely to have a greater impact than one which seeks to maximize teacher and…

  15. Pre-K & the Race to the Top: A Review of Early Education Proposals in States' Phase I Grant Applications. Federal Policy Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gayl, Chrisanne L.

    2010-01-01

    Over the past year, many national leaders have committed to reform education and reshape America's school system. With this goal in mind, the Obama administration created a competitive grant program entitled Race to the Top (RTTT), which was passed by Congress as a part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). RTTT features two grant…

  16. Partisanship and Ideology in the ESEA Reauthorization in the 106th and 107th Congresses: Foundations for the New Political Landscape of Federal Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBray, Elizabeth H.

    2005-01-01

    In January 2002, Republican President George W. Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, the reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965. The most conservative congressional Republicans, who opposed the bill's extensive new testing mandates and absence of school voucher provisions, were largely left out in…

  17. International Education & the Federal Budget Cycle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Div. of International Education.

    The influence of the federal government budgetary process on international education programs is discussed, and information is provided to help persons who wish to have their views known to the decision-makers. Specific information is included on programs administered by the U.S. International Communication Agency (USICA) and the Department of…

  18. The Federal Role in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, T. H.

    This speech historically reviews what the federal role is, and what it ought to be, in terms of national priorities, and in terms of what is appropriate within national goals for the present and foreseeable future. Emphasis is placed on the GI Bill of Rights, the Higher Education Act of 1965, the Guaranteed Student Loan Program, and the State…

  19. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Secretary, Department of Education PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this..., appropriate for the research in question, on file with the Office for Human Research Protections, HHS, or...

  20. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted... Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or Agency. (a) Each institution...

  1. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted... Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or Agency. (a) Each institution...

  2. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Secretary, Department of Education PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this..., appropriate for the research in question, on file with the Office for Human Research Protections, HHS, or...

  3. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act at 40: Equity, Accountability, and the Evolving Federal Role in Public Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Janet Y.; Brady, Kevin P.

    2005-01-01

    This chapter traces the legal, legislative, and political history of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Focusing attention on the various related educational reform movements, it discusses the federal role in education policy in the context of its influence on ESEA and the legislation's related amendments. Also, the authors examine…

  4. Equal Educational Opportunity and the New Federalism: A Look Backward and Forward.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salomone, Rosemary C.

    1982-01-01

    Explores the evolution of equal educational opportunity from legal, historical, philosophical, and policy perspectives. Suggests how the goals of equal education may be pursued under "new federalism" and current economic decline, and describes the role that State legislatures and departments of education must play. (Author/GC)

  5. Language Policy, Politics, and Diversity in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Terrence G.; Garcia, David R.; Danzig, Arnold B.; Stigler, Monica L.

    2014-01-01

    "Review of Research in Education: Vol. 38, Language Policy, Politics, and Diversity in Education" explores the role of educational language policies in promoting education as a human right. There are an estimated nearly 7,000 living languages in the world. Yet, despite the extent of language diversity, only a small number of the…

  6. Europeanizing Education: Governing a New Policy Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawn, Martin; Grek, Sotiria

    2012-01-01

    The study of common and diverse effects in the field of education across Europe is a growing field of inquiry and research. It is the result of many actions, networks and programmes over the last few decades and the development of common European education policies. "Europeanizing Education" describes the origins of European education policy, as…

  7. Special Education 2000 Policy: Our Leaky Home?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The Ministry of Education's special education policy (commonly referred to as SE2000) has been progressively implemented since 1996. Although it is a funding rather than a professional-practice policy, it has had some negative and unintended consequences for the practice of educational psychology, for special education and it is suggested, for…

  8. Arts Education Policy in Latin America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cristina De Couve, Alicia; Dal Pino, Claudia; Calvo, Diana Fernandez; Frega, Ana Lucia; Souza, Jusamara

    1998-01-01

    Highlights the various educational trends and policies in relation to arts education in the Latin American countries from the 16th to the 19th centuries. Summarizes the arts education policies in Latin American throughout the 20th century focusing on teaching in the arts and the role of educational research. (CMK)

  9. Tobacco control in the Russian Federation- a policy analysis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The Russian Federation (Russia) has one of the highest smoking rates in the world. The purpose of this study is to analyze past and current trends of the tobacco epidemic in the Russian Federation, review current tobacco control policy responses, and identify areas of opportunity for policy priorities. Methods We used a policy triangle as analytical framework to examine content, context, and processes of Russian tobacco control policy. The analysis was based on secondary data on supply and demand sides of the Russian tobacco epidemic, tobacco-related economic and health effects during Russia’s economic transition, and compliance of Russian tobacco policy with international standards and regulations. Results Tobacco-promoting strategies have specifically targeted women and youth. Russia’s approval of a “National Tobacco Control Concept” and draft for a comprehensive tobacco control bill increasingly align national legislature with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). However, several structural and cultural factors represent substantial barriers to the policy process. The influence of transnational tobacco companies on policy processes in Russia has so far impeded a full implementation of the FCTC mandates. Conclusions Several strategies have been identified as having the potential to reduce the prevalence of tobacco use in Russia and decrease tobacco-related national health and economic burden: adjusting national tobacco policy by raising tobacco tax from the current lowest level in Europe to at least 70%; consequent enforcement of a complete smoking ban in public places; marketing restrictions; and smoking cessation interventions integrated into primary care. Russia’s tobacco control efforts need to target women and youths specifically to efficiently counter industry efforts. PMID:23339756

  10. 76 FR 56227 - Publication of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) Policy Letter 11-01, Performance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ... BUDGET Office of Federal Procurement Policy Publication of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP... the requirements of the President's Memorandum and section 321 (75 FR 16188-97). The proposed policy... letter was published in the Federal Register on March 31, 2010 (75 FR 16188-97) for public comment....

  11. Recent Trends in Intergovernmental Relations: The Resurgence of Local Actors in Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Julie A.; Wohlstetter, Priscilla

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, the authors explore trends in intergovernmental relations (IGR) by analyzing recent education policies--No Child Left Behind Act, Common Core State Standards, and local empowerment policies. Identifying a resurgent role for local actors in education policy, the authors argue that recent federal efforts to exert more control have in…

  12. Congress and the Executive Branch: The Struggle for Policy Control in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Richard Dallas

    The struggle between Congress and the executive branch for control of policy in education has created a complex set of organizations, rules, and forces affecting federal policy on education. This struggle has caused Congress to overreact by becoming heavily involved in policy implementation and, to a great degree, has witnessed the executive…

  13. Report on Indian Education--Task Force Five: Indian Education--Final Report to the American Indian Policy Review Commission.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheirbeck, Helen Maynor; And Others

    The report of the Task Force on Indian Education to the American Indian Policy Review Commission delineates the interweaving of past policies and practices with present needs and concerns of Indian education. Reviewing 400 years of Indian education, the report was compiled from federal, state, local, and private records, public hearings,…

  14. Effects of federal legislation on wellness policy formation in school districts in the United States.

    PubMed

    Longley, Carol Heard; Sneed, Jeannie

    2009-01-01

    The Reauthorization Act of 2004 required local education agencies sponsoring school meal programs to establish a wellness policy by the beginning of school year 2006-2007. The purpose of this study was to examine the process and outcome of wellness policy development in school districts. Phase 1 examined states' school nutrition legislation. Phase 2 consisted of qualitative interviews with foodservice directors. Phase 3 utilized an e-mail and mail survey. The sampling frame was a stratified random sample selected from medium-sized or larger schools (n=847). Factor analysis was conducted with Cronbach's alpha. Correlations tested relationships among variables using analysis of variance with Tukey's post hoc test. Before the federal mandate, few wellness components (37.4%) were in place for foodservice outside of the federally regulated meal program. Following the legislation, 72.4% of the wellness components were in place. Nutrition components were the variables that changed the most and were reported as the components most frequently implemented. Changes particularly noted in foodservice operations were the use of nutrition guidelines for a la carte foods, beverages, fundraisers, parties, and vending. Foodservice directors noted improvements in nutrition education and physical education. Foodservice directors reported less progress in the implementation and monitoring of the wellness policy than in the development of the policy. The top barriers to wellness policy development and implementation were the need to use food in fundraising and competition for time. PMID:19103328

  15. States Change Policies with Eye to Winning Federal Grants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2010-01-01

    As governors and state legislators gear up for a new year of budget action and policymaking, the federal Race to the Top competition is helping drive a flurry of measures nationwide aimed, at least in part, at making states stronger candidates for a slice of the $4 billion in education grants. Those efforts emerge as a priority in the 2010…

  16. Policy Inroads Undermining Women in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Catherine; Young, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    Over the last decades, policy trends have differentially and negatively affected women educators, defied, denied or repressed feminist values and missed opportunities for using feminist insights to reframe policy issues. This article provides a critical feminist analysis of educational and social policies with negative implications for women in…

  17. Education Policy: Explaining, Framing and Forming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Paul

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a new heuristic device for the analysis of educational policy. Through an examination of the Evaluative State and the work of Brian Fay, the paper considers the way in which educational policy is subject to rational and linear forms of policy action and implementation. To counter this, positioning theory is deployed to consider…

  18. Language Policies in Education: Critical Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tollefson, James W., Ed.

    This collection of papers examines how language policies in education serve the interests of dominant groups within societies, how policies marginalize some students while granting privilege to others, how language policies in schools create inequalities among learners, and how schools can further the educational, social, and economic interests of…

  19. General Historical Survey of Federal Indian Policies. Chapter II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockman, W. H.

    This paper summarizes the history of North America, especially of the United States, from the earliest explorations and settlements through the present. Emphasis is placed on the Europeans' effect on American Indian life and the inadequate development of Indian education. Comparisons are made between the various colonizers' Indian policies before…

  20. Top 10 Higher Education State Policy Issues for 2011. Policy Matters: A Higher Education Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Presented here are the top 10 issues most likely to affect public higher education across the 50 states in 2011, in the view of the state policy staff at the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU). This listing is informed by an environmental scan of the economic, political and policy landscape surrounding public higher…

  1. Analyzing Educational Policies: A Learning Design Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobb, Paul; Jackson, Kara

    2012-01-01

    In this article we describe and illustrate an analytical perspective in which educational policies are viewed as designs for supporting learning. From the learning design perspective, a policy comprises 3 components that we term the what, how, and "why of policy": the goals for the learning of members of the group targeted by the policy, the…

  2. Sociopolitical Influences on Federal Government Funding of Gifted and Talented and Bilingual Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casanova, Ursula; Chavez, Sheila

    1992-01-01

    Examines the influence of various sociopolitical factors on government policies in two federal programs, those for the gifted and talented and those for bilingual education. Traces the evolution of these programs and compares their backgrounds to determine the influences shaping federal funding and program implementation. (GLR)

  3. Taking Limited English Proficient Adults into Account in the Federal Adult Education Funding Formula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capps, Randy; Fix, Michael; McHugh, Margie; Lin, Serena Yi-Ying

    2009-01-01

    This new report by Migration Policy Institute's (MPI's) National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy examines the funding formula used to distribute Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Title II federal funds for adult education, literacy, and English as a Second Language instruction. Though all adults with limited English proficiency (LEP) are…

  4. Top Public Policy Issues for Higher Education: 2015-2016

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This is the 13th paper in the Association of Governing Boards (AGB's) series summarizing federal and state public policy issues affecting higher education. Governing boards, institutional and university-system leaders, and senior staffs will find it useful for board discussions and retreats and in formulating institutional responses to these…

  5. When Things Come Undone: The Promise of Dissembling Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koyama, Jill

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on the enactment of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the USA's broad sweeping federal education policy, in a persistently low-achieving school in which the majority of students are refugees and immigrants. Drawing on a 26-month ethnography, I reveal the ways in which a NCLB-guided school turnaround plan is enacted variably,…

  6. Impact of Physical Educators on Local School Wellness Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buns, Matthew T.; Thomas, Katherine T.

    2015-01-01

    The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 required school district officials to approve a local school wellness policy by July 2006, making this the first federal legislation requiring school district officials to establish a goal for physical activity and that could focus on physical education. The purpose of this study was to…

  7. Making Sense of Music Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forari, Antonia

    2007-01-01

    This article looks at the way music education policy is realised in three curriculum contexts: the formation of the official music curriculum, its implementation by music teachers and its reception by students. Working from within the field of education policy studies, I have collected data on music education in Cyprus in order to explore what…

  8. Global Perspectives on Language Policy and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Ricardo L.

    A discussion of the link between a nation's goals and its language education policy looks at four kinds of language education policies reflecting national goals. The paper examines the language education systems of the Soviet Union and the Philippines for evidence of this link. The comparison reveals striking similarities between the systems,…

  9. Excellence in Education. The States Take Charge. American Enterprise Institute Studies in Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Denis P.; Hartle, Terry W.

    This book presents a brief description and analysis of the activity of State governments in making educational policy during the past two years. The following three trends are cited as important in the States' increased role: (1) increased State spending on education relative to Federal and local spending; (2) court ordered school finance reform…

  10. Restructuring federalism: the effects of decentralized federal policy on states' responsiveness to family planning needs.

    PubMed

    McFarlane, D R

    1992-01-01

    The Reagan Administration sought to decentralize many federal programs by (1) consolidating categorical grants into black grants; (2) reducing their funding; and (3) relying more upon state fiscal support. This study examines the effects of this decentralist policy upon the federal family planning program. Two periods are analyzed: (1) FY 1976-1981, the period immediately prior to the Reagan Administration and (2) FY 1982-1987, the period during the Reagan Administration. Findings show that a more decentralized program produced less responsiveness to individual state needs for family planning, and that these effects could have been predicted from the previous period. PMID:1475995

  11. Beyond the VEA. The Federal Presence in Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartle, Terry W.; Rosenfeld, Stuart

    1984-01-01

    This essay seeks to illustrate the broad contours of federal assistance for vocational education and training by describing the wide range of federal programs that support occupational education and training. (SSH)

  12. The Deregulation Critique of the Federal Role in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clune, William H., III

    The deregulation critique of the federal role in education asserts that education can be as productive with less federal intervention. This critique can be broken down into three groupings of separate criticisms. The first group denies the value or feasibility of federal goals. These criticisms insist either that federal goals are not worthwhile…

  13. Affirmative Actions: Designing Educational Policies to Influence Educational Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golden, M. Patricia; And Others

    The paper focuses on the relationship between educational research and educational policy, specifically the influence that "affirmative actions" in the policy arena can have not only on the nature of educational research but also on the kinds of participants (e.g., minority persons and women) in the educational research enterprise. A description…

  14. Public Education and Multicultural Policy in Canada: The Special Case of Quebec

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Ratna

    2004-11-01

    Education is a provincial responsibility in Canada, but there is a sharing of expenditure and strong support of public education, health and other welfare programs between the provinces and the federal government. Although the federal policy of multiculturalism has been aimed at making Canada a `just' society, the implementation of this policy in education in English-speaking Canada has been far from satisfactory, and there is great variation among the provinces in educational programs. In Quebec, the federal policy of multiculturalism is ideologically opposed to the vision of French-Québécois nationalism. While the federal policy of intercultural education has made some attempts to integrate immigrant populations, the focus remains on linguistic programs. In facing the dramatic changes driven by internationalization and a globalized economy, Canadians must respond - so the conclusion of the present study - to the urgent need to redefine the meaning of multiculturalism with radical educational programs.

  15. In-State Tuition for Undocumented Immigrants: State's Rights and Educational Opportunity. Policy Matters: A Higher Education Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Alene

    2007-01-01

    Concerns about higher-education access and affordability have emerged as significant issues in the immigration debates. As is true for immigration issues in general, public opinion is divided on how states should respond, and emotions run high. Passage of proposed federal legislation would clarify the states' authority over tuition policy and the…

  16. 78 FR 70542 - Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB); Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-26

    ... of the Secretary Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB); Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting AGENCY: Office of the Secretary of Defense, Reserve Forces Policy Board, DoD. ACTION: Notice of Federal... the following Federal Advisory Committee meeting of the Reserve Forces Policy Board will take...

  17. Transforming Higher Education: Implications for State Higher Education Finance Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Dewayne

    1998-01-01

    Examines how information technology is transforming higher education (asynchronous learning, distance education, customized program structure, customized delivery, outcome-based programs, collaboration, and competition) and discusses implications for state higher education finance policy (competition, student costs, collaboration, and…

  18. Expanding Access and Changing Missions: The Federal Role in U.S. Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerr, Clark

    1994-01-01

    The three great federal policy initiatives concerning higher education, the land-grant movement of the 1860s, the World War II-era decision to rely on universities for basic and applied research, and the GI Bill of 1944, have affected development of the American system of higher education more than any others. (MSE)

  19. The Pedagogy of Education Policy Formulation: Working from Policy Assets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sack, Richard; Marope, Mmantsetsa

    2007-01-01

    This article explores a "pedagogical" approach to education policy formulation in developing countries. This constitutes a process that shows promise in promoting the "ownership" necessary for sustainable policies and programs, especially when they rely on external financing. Based on case studies from 26 countries focused on "what works," the…

  20. Policy Discourses and U.S. Language in Education Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Jong, Ester J.

    2013-01-01

    Language in education policy for English language learners in the United States has varied significantly over time and has been shaped by policy discourses that could broadly be described as assimilationist (monolingual) and pluralist (multilingual) views of the role of linguistic and cultural diversity in schools. This article outlines the main…

  1. A Complex Web of Education Policy Borrowing and Transfer: Education for All and the Plan for the Development of Education in Brazil

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rambla, Xavier

    2014-01-01

    This article analyses how Education for All policies were transferred to Brazil and Latin America by means of ambitious educational strategic plans such as the Plan for the Development of Education and the National Education Plans -- promoted by the Federal Government of Brazil, and the Latin American Educational Goals -- promoted by the…

  2. Federal Legislation and Education in New York State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    As education reform continues among the states, the scope of federal support for education is becoming clearer. The Regents of the New York State Education Department believe that the federal government has a historically defined educational role that should be maintained and coordinated with state and local activities. The brochure outlines the…

  3. Inclusive Education Policy in the Hong Kong Primary Music Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Marina Wai-yee; Chik, Maria Pik-yuk

    2016-01-01

    An education reform policy and inclusive education policy have been implemented in Hong Kong for over a decade. As more students with special educational needs have entered the mainstream education system under these policies, Hong Kong's primary music classrooms offer a site where three policies interact--the education reform policy entitled…

  4. A NATIONAL POLICY FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BRAUM, CYRIL M.; AND OTHERS

    THE PANEL WAS ASKED TO STUDY NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN COMMUNICATIONS AND EDUCATIONAL MEDIA AND TO MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE U.S. COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION ON NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL POLICY. THE MOST SIGNIFICANT NATIONAL PROBLEM WAS FOUND TO CONCERN EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION. THE MAJOR QUESTIONS RAISED BY THE PANEL CONCERNED (1) THE FUTURE GROWTH CURVE OF…

  5. Designing Coherent Education Policy: Improving the System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuhrman, Susan H., Ed.

    This book examines issues in designing coherent education policy for public elementary and secondary schools. It seeks to expand the policy discussion by refining the definition of coherence and considering a number of complex questions raised by the notion of coherent policy. The book offers an in-depth look at systemic school reform and offers a…

  6. Computer Technology and Education: A Policy Delphi.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steier, Lloyd P.

    Realizing the educational potential of computer technology largely depends on developing appropriate policies related to the technology. A Policy Delphi method was used to identify changes in education that are both probable and possible on account of the introduction of computers, and to explore potential patterns for arriving at a desired…

  7. Linguicism and Racism in Massachusetts Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viesca, Kara Mitchell

    2013-01-01

    The paper presents a frame analysis of Massachusetts state policy regarding the education of multilingual learners and their teachers through the lens of critical race theory (CRT). My analysis suggests that even though current policy in Massachusetts is framed in terms of the overarching goals of educational quality and equality, in reality it…

  8. Girls' Education: The Power of Policy Discourse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monkman, Karen; Hoffman, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Girls' education has been a focus of international development policy for several decades. The discursive framing of international organizations' policy initiatives relating to girls' education, however, limits the potential for discussing complex gender issues that affect the possibilities for gender equity. Because discourse shapes our…

  9. The Nordic Council and Immigrant Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Kristi Planck

    Cooperation among Scandinavian nations (Norway, Denmark, Finland, and Sweden) is important in order to develop an effective policy regarding the education of immigrants and refugees. Each of the Scandinavian countries has a definitive education policy for refugees and immigrants. However, cooperative efforts among the nations through the Nordic…

  10. Finnish Higher Education Expansion and Regional Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saarivirta, Toni

    2010-01-01

    This paper concentrates on the expansion of Finnish higher education between the 1960s and 1970s, exposes its background in the light of the policy decisions that were made, compares the unique features of this expansion with those of certain other countries, discusses the impact of the controlled "top down" governance of higher education policy,…

  11. BERA Review 2006: Education Research and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrne, Delma; Ozga, Jenny

    2008-01-01

    The review examines the relationship between educational research and policy, from the post-war period to the present, throughout the United Kingdom. Its purpose is to (a) illuminate the changing relationship between education research and policy, and (b) to clarify the different ways in which that relationship is understood. Its overarching…

  12. Federal natural gas policy and the Energy Policy Act of 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Santa, D.F. Jr.; Beneke, P.J.

    1993-01-01

    On October 24, 1992, President Bush signed the Energy Policy Act of 1992, the first comprehensive energy policy legislation enacted in over a decade. This article traces the legislative history of the Energy Policy Act and summarizes the provisions of the law that will affect federal natural gas policy. The Energy Policy Act includes provisions that are intended to stimulate natural gas production, remove regulatory obstacles to natural gas utilization, and promote the development of new markets for natural gas. The new law stands in marked contrast to the comprehensive energy policy legislation enacted in the late 1970s when natural gas was perceived as a rapidly diminishing resource to be husbanded for high priority uses. By the late 1980s, the perception of natural gas had changed dramatically. Natural gas now is widely regarded as an abundant, clean domestic resource that can be produced economically and whose increased utilization furthers the ends of environmental and energy security policy. This attitude is reflected in the Energy Policy Act.

  13. Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2005 and 2006. Public Policy Paper Series No. 05-01

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This paper is the eighth in the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) biennial series summarizing federal and state public-policy issues affecting higher education. This document's list of top public-policy issues comprises a daunting inventory for boards and chief executives to consider. Security demands of the…

  14. Tertiary Education And Education for All: Establishing Policy Linkages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ordonez, Victor

    2005-01-01

    There are several areas of intersection between tertiary education and basic education. This article examines four such areas--teacher education, academic research, policy analysis and research, and university outreach--and explores possible policy alternatives by which collaboration in these can be strengthened and optimized. The author submits…

  15. 41 CFR 102-74.185 - What heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What heating and cooling... heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities? Within the limitations of the building systems, Federal agencies must— (a) Operate heating and cooling systems in the...

  16. 41 CFR 102-74.185 - What heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What heating and cooling... heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities? Within the limitations of the building systems, Federal agencies must— (a) Operate heating and cooling systems in the...

  17. 41 CFR 102-74.185 - What heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What heating and cooling... heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities? Within the limitations of the building systems, Federal agencies must— (a) Operate heating and cooling systems in the...

  18. 41 CFR 102-74.185 - What heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What heating and cooling... heating and cooling policy must Federal agencies follow in Federal facilities? Within the limitations of the building systems, Federal agencies must— (a) Operate heating and cooling systems in the...

  19. Special Education Legislation and Policy in Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Shirley R.

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews the historical context in which Canadian legislation and policy for children with special needs has evolved. The potential for the rights of students with special needs in light of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is outlined. The role of the Federal and Provincial governments in legislation and policy vis-à-vis…

  20. NOAA's Data Catalog and the Federal Open Data Policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wengren, M. J.; de la Beaujardiere, J.

    2014-12-01

    The 2013 Open Data Policy Presidential Directive requires Federal agencies to create and maintain a 'public data listing' that includes all agency data that is currently or will be made publicly-available in the future. The directive requires the use of machine-readable and open formats that make use of 'common core' and extensible metadata formats according to the best practices published in an online repository called 'Project Open Data', to use open licenses where possible, and to adhere to existing metadata and other technology standards to promote interoperability. In order to meet the requirements of the Open Data Policy, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has implemented an online data catalog that combines metadata from all subsidiary NOAA metadata catalogs into a single master inventory. The NOAA Data Catalog is available to the public for search and discovery, providing access to the NOAA master data inventory through multiple means, including web-based text search, OGC CS-W endpoint, as well as a native Application Programming Interface (API) for programmatic query. It generates on a daily basis the Project Open Data JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) file required for compliance with the Presidential directive. The Data Catalog is based on the open source Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network (CKAN) software and runs on the Amazon Federal GeoCloud. This presentation will cover topics including mappings of existing metadata in standard formats (FGDC-CSDGM and ISO 19115 XML ) to the Project Open Data JSON metadata schema, representation of metadata elements within the catalog, and compatible metadata sources used to feed the catalog to include Web Accessible Folder (WAF), Catalog Services for the Web (CS-W), and Esri ArcGIS.com. It will also discuss related open source technologies that can be used together to build a spatial data infrastructure compliant with the Open Data Policy.

  1. Reviews of National Policies for Education: Education in Latvia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OECD Publishing, 2016

    2016-01-01

    How can Latvia improve the quality and equity of its education system and realise long-term efficiency gains? This report covers the whole education system from early childhood education and care to tertiary education and provides an assessment of Latvia's policies and practices against the best approaches in education and skills across the OECD.…

  2. New Wine in Old Bottles: Increasing the Coherence of Early Childhood Care and Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, W. Steven

    1993-01-01

    Analyzes public interest in early childhood care and education (ECCE) policy. Chronicles federal policy in this area from the mid-1960s to the present, with particular attention to changes in the amount of funding and its allocation. Argues that ECCE policy is inadequately funded, fragmented, and internally inconsistent, and provides alternative…

  3. Early Education Policy Alternatives: Comparing Quality and Outcomes of Head Start and State Prekindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Gary T.; Gordon, Craig S.; Rickman, Dana K.

    2006-01-01

    The debates over the 2003 reauthorization of Head Start highlighted a controversy about the devolution of federal early education policy. At the center of the debate is the concern that state control of early education programs will reduce the quality and effectiveness of federal support for children living in poverty, and their families. The…

  4. Funding Special Education by Total District Enrollment: Advantages, Disadvantages, and Policy Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dhuey, Elizabeth; Lipscomb, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Several states and the federal government distribute aid for special education programs based primarily on total district enrollment and a fixed aid amount per student, a method called "census funding." In this policy brief, we address three questions to help policy makers, educators, and researchers better understand census-funding…

  5. Removing Incentives for Restrictive Placements. Fiscal Issues in Special Education. CSEF Policy Paper Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Thomas B.

    This paper examines the relationship between special education fiscal policies and the least restrictive environment (LRE) requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It focuses on the need to develop federal and state fiscal policies that achieve a balance between the sometimes competing needs of the LRE and the…

  6. Public Policy for Higher Education in the United States: A Brief History of State Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lingenfelter, Paul E.

    2014-01-01

    The State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO) is the national association of the chief executives of statewide governing, policy, and coordinating boards of postsecondary education. Founded in 1954, SHEEO serves its members as an advocate for state policy leadership, as a liaison between states and the federal government, as a vehicle for…

  7. De Facto Language Policy in Legislation Defining Adult Basic Education in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanek, Jenifer

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of differing interpretation of federal education policy in three different states. The policy, the Workforce Investment Act Title II, has defined the services provided for adult English language learners (ELLs) enrolled in Adult Basic Education programs in the United States since it was passed in 1998. At the…

  8. The Federal Role in Vocational Education. Report No. 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.

    This document presents recommendations made to the Administration and Congress concerning future federal funding for vocational education and the staff report reviewing the federal role in vocational education. Part A lists recommendations for federal funds: (1) limitation to appropriations furthering the national interest, (2) use for program…

  9. Accessibility of electronically mediated education: policy issues.

    PubMed

    Blair, Martin E; Goldmann, Hilary; Relton, Joy

    2004-01-01

    Electronic technology has transformed education systems over the past 30 years. Generally speaking, technology has been an incredible benefit for individuals with disabilities. However, the use of technology, particularly in education, has been sometimes discriminatory toward those who are unable to interact with it in the standard ways anticipated by its inventors. Disability policies have attempted to address issues of equality of opportunity for all citizens, but application of these policies to rapidly evolving technology has been difficult. In this article we provide a brief review of disability policy as it pertains to education. We also review several current policy initiatives related to higher education information technology--all of which pertain to public kindergarten through 12th-grade education. We raise questions that arise when careful thought is given to ways in which disability, education, and technology policies overlap. We anticipate that these next few pages will generate dialogue among researchers, policy makers, educators, technology engineers, and others interested in how electronically mediated education affects individuals with disabilities and how it can be used to ensure equal access to the educational benefits available in schools protected by U.S. civil rights legislation. PMID:15566041

  10. A Legal Analysis of Federal Disability Law as Related to Emerging Technology: Guidelines for Postsecondary Leadership, Policy, and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Roderick Dwayne

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation identified and described the legal requirements imposed by federal disability mandates and case law related to emerging technology. Additionally, the researcher created a legal framework (guidelines) for higher education institutions to consider during policy development and implementation of emerging technology by providing an…

  11. Federal Programs For Higher Education. Needed Next Steps.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC.

    This statement by the American Council on Education reviews the educational achievements of the past decade and explores ways by which existing and future federal programs can promote greater financial stability in a critical national endeavor. Major goals of the present systems of federal support for higher education include greater educational…

  12. 75 FR 19647 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of March 16, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-15

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of March 16, 2010 In accordance with Sec. 271.25... domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on March 16, 2010.\\1\\ \\1\\ Copies of the Minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on March...

  13. 31 CFR 50.72 - Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Establishment of Federal Terrorism... TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Recoupment and Surcharge Procedures § 50.72 Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge. (a) Treasury will establish the Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge based on...

  14. 31 CFR 50.72 - Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Establishment of Federal Terrorism... TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Recoupment and Surcharge Procedures § 50.72 Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge. (a) Treasury will establish the Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge based on...

  15. 31 CFR 50.72 - Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Establishment of Federal Terrorism... TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Recoupment and Surcharge Procedures § 50.72 Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge. (a) Treasury will establish the Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge based on...

  16. 31 CFR 50.72 - Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Establishment of Federal Terrorism... TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Recoupment and Surcharge Procedures § 50.72 Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge. (a) Treasury will establish the Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge based on...

  17. 31 CFR 50.72 - Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Establishment of Federal Terrorism... TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM Recoupment and Surcharge Procedures § 50.72 Establishment of Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge. (a) Treasury will establish the Federal Terrorism Policy Surcharge based on...

  18. 29 CFR 1403.2 - Policies of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Policies of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service. 1403.2 Section 1403.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE FUNCTIONS AND DUTIES § 1403.2 Policies of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation...

  19. 75 FR 42444 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of June 22 and 23, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of June 22 and 23, 2010 In accordance with Sec... the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on June... held on June 22 and 23, 2010, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting,...

  20. 78 FR 43883 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of June 18-19, 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-22

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of June 18-19, 2013 In accordance with Section... the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on June... June 18-19, 2013, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting, are...

  1. 76 FR 43687 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of June 21-22, 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-21

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of June 21-22, 2011 In accordance with Section... the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on June... June 21-22, 2011, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting, are...

  2. 76 FR 10364 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of January 25-26, 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-24

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of January 25-26, 2011 In accordance with Section... the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on... on January 25-26, 2011, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting,...

  3. 76 FR 37114 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of April 26-27, 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of April 26-27, 2011 In accordance with Section... the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on April... April 26-27, 2011, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting, are...

  4. 76 FR 21894 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of March 15, 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-19

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of March 15, 2011 In accordance with Section 271... domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on March 15, 2011..., 2011, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting, are available upon request...

  5. 78 FR 2996 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of December 11-12, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-15

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of December 11-12, 2012 In accordance with... below the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on... on December 11-12, 2012, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting,...

  6. 75 FR 56110 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of August 10, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-15

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of August 10, 2010 In accordance with Sec. 271.25... domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on August 10... 10, 2010, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting, are available...

  7. 75 FR 65484 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of September 21, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of September 21, 2010 In accordance with Section... the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on... September 21, 2010, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting, are available...

  8. 76 FR 1616 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of December 14, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of December 14, 2010 In accordance with Section... the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on... December 14, 2010, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting, are available...

  9. 75 FR 76733 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of November 2 and 3, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-09

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of November 2 and 3, 2010 In accordance with... below the domestic policy directive issued by the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on... held on November 2 and 3, 2010, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting,...

  10. Controversies in Education Policy and the Tasks of Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlutz, Erhard

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the diminished influence of research on educational policy, and explores how science is confronting educational policy issues in relation to adult education. Analyzes the key concepts of vocational educational policy; namely, the function of further education, vocational education, and general and political education. Concludes with a…

  11. Health Impact Assessment, Physical Activity and Federal Lands Trail Policy

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Sally M.; Cruz, Theresa H.; Kozoll, Richard L.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The objectives of this paper are to describe the application of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to inform trail decisions affecting a rural, under-resourced community and propose the routine integration of HIAs to enhance NEPA environmental assessments and environmental impact statements for trail decisions on federal lands. Methods Screening, scoping, assessment, recommendations, reporting, monitoring and evaluation are being used to examine the health impact of trail location and design. Results HIA recommendations are being integrated into the public lands National Environmental Protection Act process for planning access to a new segment of the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail. Potential users from a nearby rural New Mexico community and a region of almost one million may benefit from this HIA-informed planning. Conclusions HIA can be integrated into the policy and decision-making process for trails on public lands.

  12. Compelling Diversities, Educational Intersections: Policy, Practice, Parity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Yvette

    2013-01-01

    The ninth international Gender and Education Association Conference "Compelling Diversities, Educational Intersections" hosted by the Weeks Centre for Social and Policy Research, London South Bank University engages with key debates surrounding the interplay between dynamics of education, work, employment and society in the context of…

  13. Reflections on Educational Policies for Spanish Gypsies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salinas, Jesus

    2007-01-01

    In Spain, the existence of a central government and the governments of 17 autonomous communities, each with its own authority and control over educational matters, results in variation and inequality in educational policies toward Gypsies. The conservative or progressive tendencies of political parties in office and their influence on education as…

  14. Brookings Papers on Education Policy, 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravitch, Diane, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    American education has always had its critics, and undoubtedly always will. Nonetheless, there are signs that the educational environment is improving in unexpected ways. This issue of the Brookings Papers on Education Policy, the eighth volume springing from a series of annual meetings sponsored by the Brookings Institution to examine specific…

  15. Postmodern Feminism and Educational Policy Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallin, Dawn C.

    This paper presents a postmodern feminist conceptual framework for policy development within educational institutions. It first outlines major concepts of postmodern feminism, after which it begins to focus specifically on postmodern feminism and education. The paper contends that a goal of all educators should be to provide an educational…

  16. Diversity Education Goals: A Policy Discourse Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swain, Stuart

    2012-01-01

    Many U.S. colleges and universities have established student learning outcomes for diversity education in their general education programs. These education goals, frequently developed for assessment or other policy purposes, convey a range of possible purposes for diversity and multicultural learning. The manner in which these purposes are…

  17. Public Telecommunications Policies and Education's Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norwood, Frank W.

    The use of satellite telecommunications for educational and other public service purposes has been restricted by educators' lack of awareness of the potential that exists. While industry actively promotes its own interests, educators rarely even realize that international policies being made today will affect critically the options available for…

  18. Turkey: Reviews of National Policies for Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    The first of three parts of this review of Turkey's educational system and national educational policies, the examiner's report, begins by singling out essential features of modern Turkey that affect the provision of education and to which the system is having to respond. These include Turkey's unique geographic situation, its continuing devotion…

  19. Federal Information Policies: Their Implementation and Implications for Information Access. A Summary of the Proceedings of the Annual Federal Library and Information Center Committee Forum on Federal Information Policies (3rd, Washington, DC, February 12, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higgins, Adrian T.

    This Federal Library and Information Center Committee (FLICC) Forum on Federal Information Policies focused on the impact of OMB (Office of Management and Budget) Circular A-130, which revises administration policy on information dissemination and the use of automated systems by federal agencies. Introductory remarks by James P. Riley, Kent A.…

  20. Laying the Foundation for Competency Education: A Policy Guide for the Next Generation Educator Workforce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pace, Lillian; Worthen, Maria

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a vision and set of policy recommendations to help federal, state, and local leaders develop the workforce necessary to support teaching and learning in a competency-based K-12 education system. Part One, Pre-service and Credentialing for K-12 Competency-Based Learning Environments, provides policymakers with a framework and…

  1. Education Policy Implementation. SUNY Series in Educational Leadership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odden, Allan R., Ed.

    The educational policy implementation process is examined in this book, which shows how policy implementation has evolved through several stages during the past 25 years. The first two stages primarily addressed macro-implementation issues of whether and how policies initiated at higher levels of government became implemented in school districts…

  2. Analysis of federal policy options for improving US lighting energy efficiency: Commercial and residential buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Atkinson, B.A.; McMahon, J.E.; Mills, E.; Chan, P.; Chan, T.W.; Eto, J.H.; Jennings, J.D.; Koomey, J.G.; Lo, K.W.; Lecar, M.; Price, L.; Rubinstein, F.; Sezgen, O.; Wenzel, T.

    1992-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recognized the opportunity to achieve energy, economic, and environmental benefits by promoting energy-efficient lighting through federal policies, including lighting standards, financial incentives, and information programs. To assist in this process, the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards invited Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to assess prospective national impacts for a variety of policy options. Some progress has already been made in developing lighting policies at both the federal and state levels. The US DOE`s Office of Building Technologies has evaluated lighting efficiency incentives as part of its analysis for the National Energy Strategy. Fluorescent and incandescent lamp standards are included in the national Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486, October 24, 1992). A few states have analyzed or implemented lamp and luminaire standards. Many policy-related issues merit further investigation. For example, there is considerable debate over issues such as mandatory or voluntary standards versus component labeling and other education-oriented strategies. Several different technologies are involved that interact with each other-lamps (incandescent, compact fluorescent, and HID), ballasts (for fluorescent and HID lamps), and fixtures with reflectors and lenses. Control systems and operation patterns must also be considered (timers, automated dimming, or occupancy sensors). Lighting applications are diverse, ranging from offices, restaurants, hallways, hospital operating rooms, to exterior lights. Lighting energy use influences heating and cooling requirements in buildings. Successful lighting system design must also address interactions between architectural design elements and daylighting availability. Proper system installation and ongoing operation and maintenance are crucial. The economic aspects of the preceding points must also be considered for policy making.

  3. Analysis of federal policy options for improving US lighting energy efficiency: Commercial and residential buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Atkinson, B.A.; McMahon, J.E.; Mills, E.; Chan, P.; Chan, T.W.; Eto, J.H.; Jennings, J.D.; Koomey, J.G.; Lo, K.W.; Lecar, M.; Price, L.; Rubinstein, F.; Sezgen, O.; Wenzel, T.

    1992-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recognized the opportunity to achieve energy, economic, and environmental benefits by promoting energy-efficient lighting through federal policies, including lighting standards, financial incentives, and information programs. To assist in this process, the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy's Office of Codes and Standards invited Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to assess prospective national impacts for a variety of policy options. Some progress has already been made in developing lighting policies at both the federal and state levels. The US DOE's Office of Building Technologies has evaluated lighting efficiency incentives as part of its analysis for the National Energy Strategy. Fluorescent and incandescent lamp standards are included in the national Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486, October 24, 1992). A few states have analyzed or implemented lamp and luminaire standards. Many policy-related issues merit further investigation. For example, there is considerable debate over issues such as mandatory or voluntary standards versus component labeling and other education-oriented strategies. Several different technologies are involved that interact with each other-lamps (incandescent, compact fluorescent, and HID), ballasts (for fluorescent and HID lamps), and fixtures with reflectors and lenses. Control systems and operation patterns must also be considered (timers, automated dimming, or occupancy sensors). Lighting applications are diverse, ranging from offices, restaurants, hallways, hospital operating rooms, to exterior lights. Lighting energy use influences heating and cooling requirements in buildings. Successful lighting system design must also address interactions between architectural design elements and daylighting availability. Proper system installation and ongoing operation and maintenance are crucial. The economic aspects of the preceding points must also be considered for policy making.

  4. Survey of EPA and Other Federal Agency Scientific Data Management Policies and Guidance, 2009

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this study is to compile and assess internal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) scientific data management (SDM) policies and guidance. Additionally, this study examines SDM policies and guidance from other Federal Agencies engaged in science and technology, an...

  5. Post Colonial Perspectives on Education Policy Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Westhuizen, Gert J.

    2013-01-01

    The focus of this article is on the role and contribution of policy research in contexts of social transformation. With reference to education transformation policies in post-apartheid South Africa, the argument is developed that research studies vary in their contribution to change, as a function of the paradigmatic assumptions and methodological…

  6. Centralization and Decentralization in American Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBoer, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the trend toward centralization in American education policy over the last century through a variety of lenses. The overall picture that emerges is one of a continuous tug-of-war, with national and local policymakers stumbling together toward incrementally more standardized and centralized policies. There is a center of power…

  7. International Organisations and Transnational Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moutsios, Stavros

    2009-01-01

    This paper focuses on the World Bank/IMF (International Monetary Fund), the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) and the WTO (World Trade Organisation) as institutions of transnational policy making. They are all at present making education policies which are decisively shaping current directions and developments in…

  8. Emerging Language and Education Policies in Lithuania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle; Ramoniene, Meilute

    2003-01-01

    Describes the development of language policy in Lithuania, with the goal of raising the status of the once-oppressed titular national language without trampling on the rights of linguistic minorities. Lithuanian language and education policies have been successful in promoting social integration while safeguarding cultural and linguistic…

  9. Reaching beyond Democracy in Educational Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patel, Leigh

    2016-01-01

    Educational policy analyses have tended toward either the impact of policies on student achievement or the furthering of progressive ideals, regularly theorized through concepts of democracy. In this theoretical essay, I suggest that democracy has become a vehicle for cauterized projects of individualized and contingent state status rather than…

  10. Conceptualizing Education Policy in Democratic Societies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Laura B.

    2009-01-01

    Although theorists and policy makers agree that schooling should be democratic, what this exactly means often varies. This article establishes a conceptual model for analyzing education policy in democratic societies, based on the key concepts of equality, diversity, participation, choice, and cohesion. The model facilitates the design,…

  11. People for Education: A Critical Policy History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winton, Sue; Brewer, Curtis A.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we demonstrate how history informs how policy meanings are constructed and the rhetorical strategies used to convince others to accept these meanings. We have two goals: (a) to show how a group of non-governmental actors, People for Education, became part of Ontario, Canada's policy discursive network; and (b) to demonstrate…

  12. The Political Dynamics of Higher Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dar, Luciana

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a framework informed by spatial models of politics to explain the dynamics of political competition in higher education policy and, in particular, the observed instability in the relationship between political variables and policy outcomes. To this end, I explore competing hypotheses for the relationship between government…

  13. Compensatory Education Policy and the Intermountain West.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Michael J.; And Others

    Concerned with the impact of Title I, as national education policy on four mountain west states (Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana), this study concludes that Title I has not been internalized, integrated, or institutionalized in this region of the country or in any of the four individual states. The rejection of Title I policy rests on two basic…

  14. Standardizing the European Education Policy Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawn, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Countries in Europe, through the European Union, are creating, as part of the market and its governance, a new policy space in education. It is being formed through law, regulation, networking and harmonization. The development of standards across the different fields of policy, statistical calculation and commerce underpins and extends the…

  15. On China's Education Marketization Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ru, Ning

    2005-01-01

    The education market emerged in China since 1990s, which triggered heated debate among education circle. This paper explores the development forms which education market took on, analyses its pros and cons and investigates the measures should be adopted to revamp the holes of the unripe education market. (Contains 6 footnotes.)

  16. 41 CFR 102-74.440 - What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... concerning weapons on Federal property? 102-74.440 Section 102-74.440 Public Contracts and Property... PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Conduct on Federal Property Weapons § 102-74.440 What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property? Federal law prohibits the possession of firearms or other...

  17. 41 CFR 102-74.440 - What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... concerning weapons on Federal property? 102-74.440 Section 102-74.440 Public Contracts and Property... PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Conduct on Federal Property Weapons § 102-74.440 What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property? Federal law prohibits the possession of firearms or other...

  18. 41 CFR 102-74.440 - What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... concerning weapons on Federal property? 102-74.440 Section 102-74.440 Public Contracts and Property... PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Conduct on Federal Property Weapons § 102-74.440 What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property? Federal law prohibits the possession of firearms or other...

  19. 41 CFR 102-74.440 - What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... concerning weapons on Federal property? 102-74.440 Section 102-74.440 Public Contracts and Property... PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Conduct on Federal Property Weapons § 102-74.440 What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property? Federal law prohibits the possession of firearms or other...

  20. 41 CFR 102-74.440 - What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... concerning weapons on Federal property? 102-74.440 Section 102-74.440 Public Contracts and Property... PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Conduct on Federal Property Weapons § 102-74.440 What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property? Federal law prohibits the possession of firearms or other...

  1. Conference on Public Policy and Education: The Making of Policy. Case Study: The Impact of Office of Civil Rights Rulings on Local Policy Making in Education. May 23, 1978. Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lachman, Seymour P., Ed.

    The conference was convened to provide a forum for educators, human rights representatives, and government officials to discuss decision-making processes of local education authorities. The focus of the conference was on the increasing influence on educational policy formation of federal and state court decisions, regulatory agencies, professional…

  2. Purged: Undocumented Students, Financial Aid Policies, and Access to Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz-Strong, Daysi; Gomez, Christina; Luna-Duarte, Maria E.; Meiners, Erica R.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines how the denial of financial aid constrains undocumented students from pursuing higher education and discusses the interlocking relationship between federal immigration and higher education policies. Reporting on research data identifying that undocumented students pay for their education through work, family contributions,…

  3. The Turbulent Policy Environment in Education: Implications for School Administration and Accountability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowson, Robert L.

    2003-01-01

    Examines turbulence in U.S. education, explaining how today's changing educational policy environment causes new frustrations. Suggests that federal, state, local, and site- level are current sources of indecision and struggle that have implications for today's choice of direction concerning inquiry and leadership for public education. Discusses…

  4. Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 18

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amos, Jason, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Federal Update: U.S. Department of Education Receives Requests for NCLB Waivers from Seven More States; Receives Intent from…

  5. No Cliche Left Behind: Why Education Policy Is Not Like the Movies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dede, Chris

    2003-01-01

    Discusses federal educational policies for educational reform and improvement based on standards, student assessment, and accountability. Topics include the No Child Left Behind initiative; standardized tests; the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; the role of learning technologies; distributed learning; infrastructures for learning…

  6. An Appraisal of Globalisation and Nigerian Educational Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ifedili, Chika Josephine A.; Ojogwu, C. N.

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines globalisation and Nigerian Educational Policies. Different Educational Policies that the Nigerian Government had previously embarked upon were assessed. The failures of various policies were looked into based on who originated the policies; drew up the policies; the budgetary allocation to education; other sources of funds…

  7. Teacher Agency and Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coffman, Ann Nutter

    2015-01-01

    New teachers are often left to their own devices to navigate the policy world without necessarily having the strategies and tools to advocate for themselves or more experienced teachers to help guide them. More senior teachers may report a feeling of helplessness as curriculum and policy changes occur around them without necessarily considering…

  8. Foundations of the Mexican Federal Education System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Ralph J.

    2002-01-01

    Surveys the history of education in Mexico, examining Aztec, colonial, and post-colonial education and education in the nationalistic or modern period. Describes the organization of schools, and discusses the continuing problem of rural education. Looks at teacher education and higher education, and outlines learning theories predominant in…

  9. Federal Privacy Laws That Apply to Children and Education. Safeguarding Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Data Quality Campaign, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This table identifies and briefly describes the following federal policies that safeguard and protect the confidentiality of personal information: (1) Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA); (2) Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA); (3) Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA); (4) Children's Online Privacy…

  10. Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milana, Marcella

    2012-12-01

    Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education - This paper examines policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. Both these entities address adult education as an explicit object of policy. This paper investigates how globalisation processes are constructed as policy problems when these transnational political agents propose adult education as a response. The author's main argument is that while UNESCO presents the provision of adult education as a means for governments worldwide to overcome disadvantages experienced by their own citizenry, the EU institutionalises learning experiences as a means for governments to sustain regional economic growth and political expansion. After reviewing the literature on globalisation to elucidate the theories that inform current understanding of contemporary economic, political, cultural and ecological changes as political problems, she presents the conceptual and methodological framework of her analysis. The author then examines the active role played by UNESCO and the EU in promoting adult education as a policy objective at transnational level, and unpacks the specific problem "representations" that are substantiated by these organisations. She argues that UNESCO and EU processes assign specific values and meanings to globalisation, and that these reflect a limited understanding of the complexity of globalisation. Finally, she considers two of the effects produced by these problem representations.

  11. Federalism and health policy: the intergovernmental committees in Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Machado, Cristiani Vieira; de Lima, Luciana Dias; Viana, Ana Luiza d'Ávila; de Oliveira, Roberta Gondim; Iozzi, Fabíola Lana; de Albuquerque, Mariana Vercesi; Scatena, João Henrique Gurtler; Mello, Guilherme Arantes; Pereira, Adelyne Maria Mendes; Coelho, Ana Paula Santana

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the dynamics of operation of the Bipartite Committees in health care in the Brazilian states. METHODS The research included visits to 24 states, direct observation, document analysis, and performance of semi-structured interviews with state and local leaders. The characterization of each committee was performed between 2007 and 2010, and four dimensions were considered: (i) level of institutionality, classified as advanced, intermediate, or incipient; (ii) agenda of intergovernmental negotiations, classified as diversified/restricted, adapted/not adapted to the reality of each state, and shared/unshared between the state and municipalities; (iii) political processes, considering the character and scope of intergovernmental relations; and (iv) capacity of operation, assessed as high, moderate, or low. RESULTS Ten committees had advanced level of institutionality. The agenda of the negotiations was diversified in all states, and most of them were adapted to the state reality. However, one-third of the committees showed power inequalities between the government levels. Cooperative and interactive intergovernmental relations predominated in 54.0% of the states. The level of institutionality, scope of negotiations, and political processes influenced Bipartite Committees’ ability to formulate policies and coordinate health care at the federal level. Bipartite Committees with a high capacity of operation predominated in the South and Southeast regions, while those with a low capacity of operations predominated in the North and Northeast. CONCLUSIONS The regional differences in operation among Bipartite Interagency Committees suggest the influence of historical-structural variables (socioeconomic development, geographic barriers, characteristics of the health care system) in their capacity of intergovernmental health care management. However, structural problems can be overcome in some states through institutional and political changes. The creation

  12. Policy Prolepsis in Education: Encounters, Becomings, and Phantasms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, P. Taylor; Gulson, Kalervo N.

    2012-01-01

    We argue that the concept of a "policy prolepsis" is a category of becoming-policy that actualizes educational practices within spaces of desired policy initiatives and implementations. Policy prolepses represent a range of emergent policy ontologies produced through the interface of educational actors' senses of policy and their estimations of…

  13. Federal Requirements for the Evaluation of Vocational Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haney, Walt

    In order to determine how vocational education programs should be evaluated, it is first necessary to define vocational education, to describe how vocational education programs are now being evaluated, to find out how other federal education programs are evaluated, and to suggest what criteria might reasonably be set out in future federal…

  14. Educational Turbulence: The Influence of Macro and Micro-Policy on Science Education Reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Carla C.

    2013-06-01

    Enactment of federal educational policy has direct implications for states and local school districts across the nation, particularly in the areas of accountability and funding. This study utilized constructivist grounded theory to examine the impact of policy on science education reform in a large, urban school district over a 5-year period. The existence and interaction between macro and micro, and explicit and implicit policies created educational turbulence. Findings further extend upon Fullan's (Change theory: a force for school improvement, 2006) change theory adding high-stakes accountability as a prevalent distractor issue and the need for quad-level, rather than tri-level engagement in reform. Suggestions for addressing educational turbulence are provided.

  15. Federal Support for Education, Fiscal Years 1980 to 1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Charlene M.

    This report attempts to provide a comprehensive picture of total federal financial support for education since fiscal year 1980 when the U.S. Department of Education became an independent agency. Six detailed tables in the appendix have additional historical data for fiscal years 1965, 1970, and 1975. Assembling data on federal funds for education…

  16. The Role of the Federal Government in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zurhellen, Henry S.

    The federal government's involvement in higher education is discussed, and the part that the national government has played in American history since colonial days is briefly traced. Four major points are made about developments before World War II: (1) the federal government exercised some role in higher education since the earliest days and has…

  17. Maintenance of Effort Provisions: An Instrument of Federalism in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurwitz, Aaron S.; Darling-Hammond, Linda

    Educational agencies accepting federal funds for special programs, particularly under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, are often required to prove maintenance of effort. That is, funds generated from state and local sources cannot be decreased and the slack taken up with the federal moneys. The Rand Corporation study reported…

  18. Major Federal Programs Supporting the National Education Goals: An Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shank, Patsy, Ed.; And Others

    This document examines the role of the federal government in achieving the six National Education Goals. Six chapters identify and analyze federal programs aligned with the purposes of each goal. Following the preface and a list of the National Education Goals, Anne Crowley's introductory chapter presents a historical overview of the events…

  19. Resolved, That the Federal Government Should Fully Finance a Defensible Minimum Education for All Children in the Public Schools. An Affirmative Position.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hack, Walter G.

    This report discusses several kinds of Federal aid to education and decides that a Federal foundation program is the best type. Arguments in favor of such a program are that (1) contemporary societal problems require a national policy (including a federally financed education program), (2) equity of financial responsibility for the educational…

  20. Primary Teachers, Policy, and Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrie, Kirsten; lisahunter,

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on the challenges arising for primary school teachers who have responsibility for teaching physical education (PE) and who are working in particularly complex and contestable policy contexts. In New Zealand provision of physical education is identified as occurring amidst multiple, and not necessarily compatible, sets of…

  1. Transnational Education: Current Developments and Policy Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gu, Jianxin

    2009-01-01

    Ever since the transnational education trend took off since the 1980s, transnational education has come to bearing political, economic and cultural implications. Different approaches have been formulated to achieve specific policy objectives by both importing and exporting countries. Such approaches demonstrate a four dimensional composition,…

  2. Engaging Education Policies through Governmentality Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brass, Jory

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a brief introduction to governmentality studies and the conceptual tools that it provides to help English educators recognise the ideas and practices that education policies mobilise to steer our professions towards particular values, norms and outcomes. After a short overview of governmentality, it offers a short discussion of…

  3. National Assessment Findings and Educational Policy Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Rexford

    This paper addresses 11 commonly asked educational policy questions by referring to National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) findings in five learning areas. The paper is organized for quick reference to the 63 findings, which are, in turn, indexed to the NAEP reports in which they originally appeared. Findings in reading, literature,…

  4. Romney Hones Pitch on Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Alyson

    2012-01-01

    As the governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007, Mitt Romney championed aggressive education policies later embraced by the Obama administration and by other states. But for most of his second run at the Republican presidential nomination, voters have heard little about his education record in Massachusetts or initiatives that Mr. Romney was…

  5. District Leaders' Framing of Educator Evaluation Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woulfin, Sarah L.; Donaldson, Morgaen L.; Gonzales, Richard

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Educator evaluation systems have recently undergone scrutiny and reform, and district and school leaders play a key role in interpreting and enacting these systems. This article uses framing theory to understand district leaders' interpretation and advancement of a state's new educator evaluation policy. Research Methods: The article…

  6. Language and Education Policies in Tajikistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagzibekova, Mehrinisso

    2008-01-01

    The paper provides an overview of the language and education policies currently functioning in the Republic of Tajikistan, the demographic and sociolinguistic situation in the country, and language use in education and the media. Particular attention is paid to the decrease in Russian-language competence and the measures undertaken to address this…

  7. Work Stoppage Policies in Teacher Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, Dwayne G.

    Teacher education institutions are forced to come to grips with the role which their students play if a strike occurs in a school district in which their students are engaged in practicum experiences. The results of a survey of Wisconsin teacher education institutions indicate the impact of the work stoppage policy of the Wisconsin Improvement…

  8. Recent Foreign Language Education Policies in Palestine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amara, Muhammad Hasan

    2003-01-01

    Investigates the development of foreign language education policies in Palestine at a time when the establishment of a Palestinian state has become a real option, and when, following the Oslo agreements, the Palestinians have become responsible for Palestinian education. (Author/VWL)

  9. Coalition Education Policy: Thatcherism's Long Shadow

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Howard

    2011-01-01

    Coalition education policy threatens to transform the school system in England. A combination of public spending cuts, and the drive to making all schools Academies, represents a key moment in the restructuring of the education service along neo-liberal lines. This article argues that there is nothing distinctively "new" about Coalition schools…

  10. Defining Quality Education: An Analysis of State Educational Policy Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Kenneth H.

    Current public demands for increased educational quality can best be met at the state education agency (SEA) level, but the SEA is faced with the fact that no single, clearly acceptable definition of educational quality exists. As a result of this lack of consensus, the SEA must examine the policy options available before taking action. First,…

  11. Diversity Education Goals in Higher Education: A Policy Discourse Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swain, Stuart Glen

    2013-01-01

    Many colleges and universities have established student learning outcomes for diversity education as a part of their broad undergraduate education program. These education goals, developed for assessment purposes or other policies, reflect a range of possible diversity and multicultural learning purposes. The emphasis on some purposes, and the…

  12. Citizenship Education, Policy, and the Educationalization of Educational Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgson, Naomi

    2008-01-01

    In this essay, Naomi Hodgson reconsiders the value of Michel Foucault's normalization thesis to the study of educationalization in relation to contemporary educational policy and research. Hodgson begins by analyzing educational researchers' response to the recent introduction of citizenship education in England, focusing specifically on a review…

  13. The Simple View of Education or Education Policy for Dummies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wadsworth, John

    2010-01-01

    In November 2009 the current Secretary of State for Education, Michael Gove, gave a speech at the Centre for Policy Studies in which he set out the Conservative Party's priorities for education. This article explores some of the proposals in his speech, with particular references to initial teacher education and his attraction to Nordic and US…

  14. Accountability in American Higher Education. Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, Kevin, Ed.; Schneider, Mark, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Three years after U.S. Secretary of Education Margaret Spelling's national commission on higher education, and nearly a decade after No Child Left Behind revolutionized k-12 accountability, there is little agreement on what accountability in higher education should look like. While more students are enrolling in (and failing to complete)…

  15. 75 FR 32420 - Student Assistance General Provisions, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... Mathematics Access To Retain Talent Grant, and Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION... Assistance General Provisions, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, Federal Family...

  16. Rising Costs in Education: The Federal Response? AEI Forums.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyer, Ernest L.; And Others

    This edited transcript presents a debate between the supporters of two competing federal policies. One is the tuition tax credit proposal contained in the Packwood-Moynihan Bill which would provide federal income tax relief for private school tuition and related expenses. The other is the Carter administration's proposal to expand and improve…

  17. Perspectives on the Structure of American Agriculture. Volume II: Federal Farm Policies--Their Effects on Low-Income Farmers and Rural Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coughlin, Kenneth M., Ed.

    Agriculture and farming are the economic context for rural education. This is the second of two volumes of papers describing the impact of national agricultural policy on the poor. The nine articles in this volume (shot-titled below) analyze federal policy from the standpoint of the low-income farmer: (1) "Agricultural Price Supports," prepared by…

  18. A Descriptive Study of Music Teacher Educators' Beliefs about Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguilar, Carla E.; Richerme, Lauren Kapalka

    2016-01-01

    While policies at all levels affect music educators, and music education researchers have called for increased attention to policy issues, few have explored preservice music teacher educators' beliefs about policy. This study examined music teacher educators' (N = 81) familiarity with and attitudes toward contemporary education and music education…

  19. The Politics of Educational Policy Studies: A Preliminary Analysis of Leading Educational Policy Journal Publications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Ian

    2009-01-01

    This paper argues that the content, analytical approaches and institutional affiliations of authors of articles published in the latest issues of two leading educational policy studies journals provide useful insights into the contested nature of educational policy studies. The paper draws upon a selection of articles published in 2007/08 issues…

  20. 75 FR 2544 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of December 15 and 16, 2009

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-15

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of December 15 and 16, 2009 In accordance with... December 15 and 16, 2009.\\1\\ \\1\\ Copies of the Minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on December 15 and 16, 2009, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the...

  1. 18 CFR 2.22 - Pricing policy for transmission services provided under the Federal Power Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Pricing policy for transmission services provided under the Federal Power Act. 2.22 Section 2.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES GENERAL POLICY...

  2. 77 FR 42730 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of June 19-20, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of June 19-20, 2012 In accordance with Section... June 19-20, 2012.\\1\\ \\1\\ Copies of the Minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on June 19-20, 2012, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting,...

  3. Research, Policy, and the Federal Role in Prevention Initiatives for Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ripple, Carol H.; Zigler, Edward

    2003-01-01

    Reviews five federal policy-based initiatives for children and families (Project Head Start; lead poisoning prevention; Medicaid; Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants, and Children; and Earned Income Tax Credit), discussing aspects of federal prevention program design, implementation, policy, and research. (Contains references.) (SM)

  4. 78 FR 22880 - Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of March 19-20, 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... Federal Open Market Committee; Domestic Policy Directive of March 19-20, 2013 In accordance with Section... 19-20, 2013.\\1\\ \\1\\ Copies of the Minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on March 19-20, 2013, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting, are...

  5. 3 CFR - Modernizing Federal Infrastructure Review and Permitting Regulations, Policies, and Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Modernizing Federal Infrastructure Review and Permitting Regulations, Policies, and Procedures Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Memorandum of May 17, 2013 Modernizing Federal Infrastructure Review and Permitting Regulations, Policies, and Procedures Memorandum for the Heads...

  6. 77 FR 70439 - Federal Open Market Committee Domestic Policy Directive of October 23-24, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ... Federal Open Market Committee Domestic Policy Directive of October 23-24, 2012 In accordance with Section... October 23-24, 2012.\\1\\ \\1\\ Copies of the Minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee at its meeting held on October 23-24, 2012, which includes the domestic policy directive issued at the meeting,...

  7. The Urban Impacts of Federal Policies: Vol. 4, Population and Residential Location.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughan, Roger J.; Vogel, Mary E.

    This analysis of Federal impacts on the urban residential sector focuses on: (1) the influence of Federal programs and policies on intermetropolitan population movements (migration from the North to the sunbelt); and (2) program and policy influences on the process of suburbanization (the flight of the affluent from central cities). Considered are…

  8. 41 CFR 102-79.110 - What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote? 102-79.110 Section 102-79.110 Public Contracts and... Integrated Workplace § 102-79.110 What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote... capital costs over a substantial time period; and (i) Support alternative workplace...

  9. 26 CFR 1.1071-1 - Gain from sale or exchange to effectuate policies of Federal Communications Commission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... F.c.c. Policy § 1.1071-1 Gain from sale or exchange to effectuate policies of Federal Communications... necessary or appropriate to effectuate a change in a policy of, or the adoption of a new policy by,...

  10. Policy as Practice: Toward a Comparative Sociocultural Analysis of Educational Policy. Sociocultural Studies in Educational Policy Formation and Appropriation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Margaret, Ed.; Levinson, Bradley A. U., Ed.

    Over the past 20 years, approaches to educational policy analysis have opened up to qualitative research methods and to sociocultural perspectives on schooling. This volume is a collection of studies that view educational policy from a variety of angles and at different levels of social life. It consists of 12 chapters: (1) "Are Pedagogical Ideals…

  11. Negotiating Implementation of High-Stakes Performance Assessment Policies in Teacher Education: From Compliance to Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Charles A.; Gallucci, Chrysan; Sloan, Tine

    2010-01-01

    Teacher education programs in the United States face a variety of new accountability policies at both the federal and the state level. Many of these policies carry high-stakes implications for students and programs and involve some of the same challenges for implementation as they have in the P-12 arena. Serious dilemmas for teacher educators…

  12. How Parental and School Responses to Choice Policies Reconfigure a Rural Education Market in Victoria, Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Rosemary; Blackmore, Jill

    2013-01-01

    Market principles now dominate the education and social policies of many Anglophone countries, including Australia, but articulate differentially within specific contexts. Existing historical legacies, local economic and social conditions, and geographical settings interact with federal and state funding and transport policies to shape the nature…

  13. The Higher Learning and High Technology: Dynamics of Higher Education Policy Formation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slaughter, Sheila

    An examination of national higher education policy formation focuses on the shift in relationships of the central actors in the policy formation process. It is argued that whereas the federal government, together with the scientific community and foundations, previously had the dominant voice, the corporate community, in partnership with leaders…

  14. Equality in Educational Policy and the Heritability of Educational Attainment

    PubMed Central

    Colodro-Conde, Lucía; Rijsdijk, Frühling; Tornero-Gómez, María J.; Sánchez-Romera, Juan F.; Ordoñana, Juan R.

    2015-01-01

    Secular variation in the heritability of educational attainment are proposed to be due to the implementation of more egalitarian educational policies leading to increased equality in educational opportunities in the second part of the 20th century. The action of effect is hypothesized to be a decrease of shared environmental (e.g., family socioeconomic status or parents’ education) influences on educational attainment, giving more room for genetic differences between individuals to impact on the variation of the trait. However, this hypothesis has not yet found consistent evidence. Support for this effect relies mainly on comparisons between countries adopting different educational systems or between different time periods within a country reflecting changes in general policy. Using a population-based sample of 1271 pairs of adult twins, we analyzed the effect of the introduction of a specific educational policy in Spain in 1970. The shared-environmental variance decreased, leading to an increase in heritability in the post-reform cohort (44 vs. 67%) for males. Unstandardized estimates of genetic variance were of a similar magnitude (.56 vs. .57) between cohorts, while shared environmental variance decreased from .56 to .04. Heritability remained in the same range for women (40 vs. 34%). Our results support the role of educational policy in affecting the relative weight of genetic and environmental factors on educational attainment, such that increasing equality in educational opportunities increases heritability estimates by reducing variation of non-genetic familial origin. PMID:26618539

  15. Globalization and Higher Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Paige; Vidovich, Lesley

    2000-01-01

    Discusses political and cultural forms of globalization, suggesting that the economic dimension of globalization has dominated the policy agenda of western governments as they have attempted to position themselves favorably in competitive global markets. This analysis seeks to determine how globalization might produce dynamic new opportunities…

  16. Political Kitsch and Educational Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lugg, Catherine A.

    This paper explores "political kitsch," a propaganda that incorporates familiar and easily understood art forms to shape the direction of public policy. Kitsch differs from art in that it is a powerful political construction designed to colonize the receiver's consciousness. It reassures and comforts the receiver through the exploitation of…

  17. States Seek Federal Waivers to Cut Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2010-01-01

    At least three states have asked for permission to cut back on the money they provide districts for special education, under a built-in escape clause in the federal special education law that is aimed at financially struggling states. Iowa and Kansas have both been granted a waiver, which under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act…

  18. The Federal Role in Educational Research and Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vinovskis, Maris A.

    2000-01-01

    The federal government has been collecting, analyzing, and disseminating educational statistics for more than 130 years. Over time the focus has shifted from data gathering to research and development (R&D) to find more effective ways of educating children. Educational research and development, however, has not been held in high esteem by most…

  19. Federal Legislation and Sex Fairness in Career Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rieder, Corinne H.

    1978-01-01

    Passage of the Career Education Incentive Act of 1977 requires reexamination of education and training policies and programs to eliminate sex bias and stereotyping in education and occupations. Steps toward implementing the provisions of the act include improving guidance practices, changing recruitment practices and curriculum, and expanding…

  20. 41 CFR 102-79.110 - What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote? 102-79.110 Section 102-79.110 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 79-ASSIGNMENT...

  1. 41 CFR 102-79.110 - What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote? 102-79.110 Section 102-79.110 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 79-ASSIGNMENT...

  2. 78 FR 30733 - Modernizing Federal Infrastructure Review and Permitting Regulations, Policies, and Procedures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office #0; #0; #0; Presidential Documents #0; #0; #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 99 / Wednesday, May 22, 2013 / Presidential Documents#0;#0; ] Memorandum of May 17, 2013 Modernizing Federal Infrastructure Review and Permitting Regulations, Policies, and Procedures Memorandum for the Heads...

  3. 76 FR 70424 - Defense Policy Board; Federal Advisory Committee Meeting Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Defense Policy Board; Federal Advisory Committee Meeting Notice AGENCY: Department... administrative information from a Federal officer or agency. Quarterly Meeting: From Tuesday, November 29,...

  4. 41 CFR 102-79.110 - What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote? 102-79.110 Section 102-79.110 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 79-ASSIGNMENT...

  5. 75 FR 60264 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Encouraging Contractor Policies To Ban Text Messaging While Driving

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-29

    ..., 2009 (74 FR 51225, October 6, 2009), entitled ``Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging while..., dated October 1, 2009 (74 FR 51225, October 6, 2009), Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging... 9000-AL64 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Encouraging Contractor Policies To Ban Text Messaging...

  6. 41 CFR 102-79.110 - What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What Integrated Workplace policy must Federal agencies strive to promote? 102-79.110 Section 102-79.110 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 79-ASSIGNMENT...

  7. An Unseen Hand: The Mass Media and Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Mike

    This paper examines the role of mass media in the British education policy process, in particular, how the mass media steer education policy and inhibit certain issues from becoming the subject of policy. The paper describes how media professionals comprise an interest group competing with others to affect education policy; how they and other…

  8. Public Policy and Higher Education. ASHE Reader Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodchild, Lester F., Ed.; Lovell, Cheryl D., Ed.; Hines, Edward R., Ed.; Gill, Judith I., Ed.

    The essays in this collection explore issues related to public policy and higher education. They are intended to provide foundational readings in public policy and to explore contemporary public policy issues facing higher education. The chapters are: (1) "The Nature of the Policy Process" (Randall B. Ripley); (2) "Promoting Policy Theory:…

  9. A Nordic Perspective on Early Childhood Education and Care Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karila, Kirsti

    2012-01-01

    The national policies and historical roots of early childhood education (ECE) vary from society to society. In the Nordic countries, early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies have been built in the context of the welfare state. As such, they are closely connected to other welfare policy areas such as social policy, family policy and…

  10. 41 CFR 102-74.585 - What Federal facility telework policy must Executive agencies follow?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... telework policy must Executive agencies follow? 102-74.585 Section 102-74.585 Public Contracts and Property... PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Telework § 102-74.585 What Federal facility telework policy must Executive agencies follow? Executive agencies must follow these telework policies: (a) In accordance with Section...

  11. 75 FR 61708 - Federal Advisory Committee; Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB) AGENCY: Office of the Secretary of Defense Reserve Forces Policy Board; DoD. ACTION: Notice of advisory committee meeting. SUMMARY... Defense announces that the Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB) will meet on November 9, 2010, in...

  12. Policy-Making and Policy Learning in 14-19 Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raffe, David, Ed.; Spours, Ken, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    In recent years 14-19 education has been the subject of numerous reviews, innovations and policy changes. What can be learnt from this experience and do current policies incorporate this learning? In this book, leading experts on 14-19 education and training explore the concept of policy-learning and examine recent policies and policy-making in…

  13. Current Policies and Policy Efforts for the Education of Gifted Children in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mammadov, Sakhavat

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the existing policies and policy efforts in the field of gifted education in Turkey. A content analysis of the state policy documents and semistructured interviews with two policy actors were conducted to explore the strengths and weaknesses of the policies regarding the education of gifted children. The findings revealed…

  14. Educating Muslim American Youth in a Post-9/11 Era: A Critical Review of Policy and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonet, Sally Wesley

    2011-01-01

    Through a review of educational research literature this piece explores how federal politics and policies have trickled down into secondary schools, and what the effects of these policies have been on secondary schools, paying particular attention to the effects on Muslim American youth. The main research questions are: What federal and state…

  15. A Best-Fit Approach to Effective Teacher Policy. Insights on Education Policy, Practice, and Research. Number 17

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudo, Zena

    2004-01-01

    Many education agencies feel an enormous strain to meet the federal mandate that all teachers be highly qualified. State and local policies must be established that address effective ways to hire, train, support, and retain teachers who meet the standards specified in the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation. To help policymakers with the…

  16. Language Diversity and Language Policy in Educational Access and Equity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tollefson, James W.; Tsui, Amy B. M.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the role of language policies in mediating access and equity in education. By examining a range of research and case studies on language policies, the authors explore how educational language policies serve as a central gatekeeper to education itself, as well as to quality education that may fundamentally depend on language…

  17. "Unleashing Aspiration": The Concept of Potential in Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sellar, Sam

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the promises made in education policy regarding people's future education, employment and social mobility. Specifically, the paper analyses how the term "potential" functions in education policy texts and discourses to make tacit promises at an affective level. Contemporary education policies often invoke the need to…

  18. Inclusive Education in New Zealand: Policies, Politics and Contradictions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selvaraj, Judith

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that the progressive education policies introduced into New Zealand special education (SE) services during the late 1980s were sabotaged by neoliberal policies. The vision of inclusive education for students with special educational needs (SEN) and disabilities was swept up in a wave of successive ideological policies and…

  19. Educational Policy and Planning. Canada I. Review of Educational Policies in Canada: Introduction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    This is the first volume of a six-volume review of educational practices and policies in Canada. This is an introduction that provides a general overview of the constitutional, statistical, operational, and organizational background of education in the nation. The subsequent volumes deal with education in four geographical regions and the…

  20. Educational Policy and Planning. Canada VI. Review of Educational Policies in Canada: Western Region.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    The final volume in a series on educational policy and planning in Canada, this review concentrates on the western provinces--British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Sections of the document discuss the educational foundations of the Canadian west; the educational system as it was in 1974--its purposes and institutions, attendance,…

  1. Intercultural Education? An Analysis of Cypriot Educational Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hajisoteriou, Christina

    2012-01-01

    Background: In the context of Cyprus' accession to the European Union (2004) and a noteworthy increase in immigration towards Cyprus, the Cypriot state was called upon to build more complete and coherent policies addressing culturally diverse educational settings. Cypriot education has historically enforced the nation-building project. However,…

  2. Immersion Education: Practices, Policies, Possibilities. Bilingual Education & Bilingualism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tedick, Diane J.; Christian, Donna; Fortune, Tara Williams

    2011-01-01

    This volume builds on Fortune and Tedick's 2008 Pathways to Multilingualism: Evolving Perspectives on Immersion Education and showcases the practice and promise of immersion education through in-depth investigations of program design, implementation practices, and policies in one-way, two-way and indigenous programs. Contributors present new…

  3. Evaluating the Success of Educational Policy in Mexican Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagarra, Marti; Mar-Molinero, Cecilio; Rodríguez-Regordosa, Herberto

    2015-01-01

    State support in higher education (HE) is often justified on the grounds that HE is important for the development of the country. However, little analysis is normally done in order to assess the impact of education quality initiatives. The Mexican government has been engaging in a policy of HE quality improvement that can be traced to 1989. In…

  4. Education Rights, Education Policies and Inequality in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spreen, Carol Anne; Vally, Salim

    2006-01-01

    In this article we explore education policy changes in South Africa through a rights-based framework. We situate our analysis in the context of deepening poverty and inequality arguing that progress (or the lack thereof) in schools cannot be divorced from poverty and its consequences. We show that education reform in South Africa has been situated…

  5. Public Policy in Gifted Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J., Ed; Reis, Sally M., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Raising some of the most challenging questions in the field, this call-to-arms focuses on the important services gifted programs provide, the potential crisis gifted educators face, and what must be done to keep the gifted child movement alive and well. Key features include: (1) James J. Gallagher's unflinching account of the issues that continue…

  6. Territorial Interests and Educational Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Paul; Love, Julie

    Congress is often ambiguous on legislation involving the interests of society's functional groups but is more specific on legislation involving territorial interests. Researchers tested three propositions about congressional action on territorial versus functional matters in education. The three propositions are that Congress (1) is more explicit…

  7. State Civic Education Policy Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumann, Paul; Millard, Maria; Hamdorf, Leslie

    2014-01-01

    While many Americans might agree on the importance of preparing young people for democratic life, civic education receives relatively less attention than other school subjects. Student performance on civic assessments reflects the limited focus of schools on civic learning. While many individuals and organizations have sought to address the poor…

  8. Scientific Integrity and Media Policies Assessed at U.S. Federal Agencies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2013-03-01

    Two new reports from the nonprofit Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) provide analyses of U.S. government agencies' policies on scientific integrity and media. An 8 March report, "Federal Agency Scientific Integrity Policies: A Comparative Analysis," found that many of those policies at 22 agencies and departments that were written following a 2009 presidential directive "actively promote and support a culture of scientific integrity," but a number of the policies have significant flaws.

  9. Policy for the Appointment of Surrogate Parents for Special Education Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing. Office of Special Education and Early Intervention Services.

    This policy statement from the Michigan Department of Education interprets federal provisions and the laws of the state as they may pertain to the appointment of surrogate parents for provision of special education programs and services to children with disabilities. It describes the duty of public agencies to assign an individual to act as a…

  10. Rhetorical Positioning of US Policy Statements about Multilingual Education--With Reference to the EU

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Fern L.

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on US language policy statements that govern the priorities for teaching languages other than English in public schools and the language ideologies implied by specific management moves by the federal government to regulate language education, starting with the Bilingual Education Act (BEA) of 1968. Following introductory…

  11. Policies and Background Literature for Self-Education on Research Data Management: An Annotated Bibliography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goben, Abigail; Raszewski, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Librarians navigating research data management self-education have an increasing body of literature to choose from, which may become overwhelming. This annotated bibliography reviews: (1) U.S. federal policies; (2) articles; and (3) books to assist librarians who are self-educating on research data management or are seeking background reading…

  12. Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 5, Number 8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amos, Jason, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    "Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) New Report Offers Recommendations for Defining and Improving Graduation Rates: Calls for New Federal Funding Stream for High…

  13. New Beginnings: Using Federal Title I Funds to Support Local Pre-K Efforts. Federal Policy Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gayl, Chrisanne L.; Young, Marci; Patterson, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    High-quality, voluntary pre-kindergarten has emerged as an important policy to improve the nation's education system. Based on strong evidence from rigorous longitudinal research and recent program evaluations, reform-minded principals, superintendents, school board members and other leaders have embraced early education as an effective strategy…

  14. Goals 2000: Framework for the New Educational Federalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

    1995-01-01

    The passage of Goals 2000 represents a victory for advocates of a stronger federal role in improving schools. The article explores the principal elements of Goals 2000, the origins of the "new federalism," the education legislative record of the Clinton administration, and what further efforts are necessary to meet the needs of American students.…

  15. Financing Early Childhood Education Programs: State, Federal, and Local Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hustedt, Jason T.; Barnett, W. Steven

    2011-01-01

    The landscape of financing early childhood education in the U.S. is complex. Programs run the gamut from tuition-supported private centers to public programs supported by federal, state, or local funds. Different funding streams are poorly coordinated. The federal government funds several major targeted programs that are available only to specific…

  16. [Foundation of pharmaceutical policy in the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina].

    PubMed

    Lucić, S; Nenadić, D

    1998-01-01

    Pharmaceuticals are inevitable domain of disease prevention, diagnostics and treatment. The basic objective of pharmaceutical sector reform is to meet the needs of the majority of the population with the essential pharmaceuticals, which are proven as effective, evaluated quality and affordable prices. That objective could be achieved by undertaking a range of measures within the national pharmaceutical policy as an integral part of the overall health, policy in the country. Key elements of that policy should be: pharmaceutical management at the level of the Federal Ministry of Health and cantonal ministrie of health, pharmaceutical legislative documents, rationalization of pharmaceutical therapy (choices of essential pharmaceuticals, choices of pharmaceuticals covered by the resources of health insurance funds, list of hospital pharmaceuticals, selections during pharmaceuticals registration, educational measures, surveillance of measures), spreading information on pharmaceuticals by the pharmaceutical information centre, pharmaceutical supply (local pharmaceutical production, pharmaceuticals import, humanitarian assistance), funding of pharmaceuticals costs (cantonal and hospital lists of pharmaceuticals,) other reform strategies (quality control of pharmaceuticals, surveillance of side-effects, role of pharmacists in health system, environment protection) and strengthening of inspector surveillance. PMID:9623088

  17. The Urban Impacts of Federal Policies: Vol. 3, Fiscal Conditions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barro, Stephen M.

    The growing fiscal problems of American cities have drawn new attention to the dual role of the Federal government: on one hand a contributor to current problems; on the other, the main potential source of solutions and financial relief. Federal involvement in urban affairs is far more extensive than is suggested by the handful of explicitly urban…

  18. Preserving the Federal Pell Grant Program. BHEF Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Business-Higher Education Forum (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    The Federal Pell Grant Program is a critical source of grant aid for many low-and moderate-income college students. Over the past decade, the federal government has expanded the program to serve more students, increasing the maximum level of each award to $5,550 and better ensuring college access and success. However, the House 2012 budget…

  19. Regulatory Federalism: Policy, Process, Impact and Reform. A Commission Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Washington, DC.

    In the last two decades, the federal government's role in state and local affairs has shifted markedly from subsidy to regulation. This report examines the origins and effects of the new "regulatory federalism" and proposes reforms. Chapter 1 delineates the subject, chronicling the growth of intergovernmental regulation and discussing the legal…

  20. Federal Information Policies in the 1990s: Views and Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernon, Peter, Ed.; And Others

    This book uses a cross-disciplinary approach to profile developments through November 1995 concerning important U.S. government information policy issues. Information policy analyses benefit from a historical perspective while seeking to identify current areas of agreement and disagreement, especially at a time when the United States is moving…

  1. Educational Policy-Making by the Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rezny, Arthur A.

    This paper addresses itself to the question of whether the courts determine educational policy, confining its discussion to three court cases. The cases focus on academic freedom and the authority to dismiss, the rights of an individual to discuss in public the injustice of his transfer, and reverse discrimination. (Author/JF)

  2. Education--Technology and Public Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeVore, Paul W.

    Public policy with respect to industrial arts as a part of general education is almost nonexistent. In fact, one finds little true commitment to the field except by its practitioners, and they frequently report such problems as not having a textbook available for their course or having school counselors assign to their courses students who cannot…

  3. Brookings Papers on Education Policy, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravitch, Diane, Ed.

    In this inaugural issue of "Brookings Papers on Education Policy" a varied group of scholars considers different dimensions of student performance. Several contributors try to offer a clear picture of how American students are performing as compared with their international peers and with the past. The following are included: (1) "Introduction"…

  4. Courthouses Rife with Education Policy Fights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2011-01-01

    State-level battles over changes in education policy have shifted in many places from legislative chambers to courthouses, as unions and other critics of new laws challenge them on the grounds that they violate state constitutions and worker contracts. Republican governors and lawmakers--their ranks bolstered by the 2010 elections--won passage…

  5. Educational Access in Bangladesh. Country Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmed, Manzoor

    2008-01-01

    This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schooling in Bangladesh. It outlines types of educational provision and provides some basic statistics on access, vulnerability and exclusion, as well as insights into the characteristics of those denied access. It is based on findings from the "Country Analytic Review on Access to…

  6. "Reinventing" Vocational Education Policy: Pitfalls and Possibilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Alison; Lehmann, Wolfgang

    2002-01-01

    Examination of old and new vocational initiatives in Alberta suggests that educators and employers support new school-to-work programs (Tech Prep; Registered Apprenticeships; Careers, the Next Generation). However, these programs are hampered by mixed policy messages; the resilience of existing practices; and lack of provincial resources,…

  7. Education Policy: Globalization, Citizenship and Democracy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olssen, Mark; Codd, John; O'Neill, Anne-Marie

    2004-01-01

    The thesis at the centre of this book is that education policy in the twenty-first century is the key to global security, sustainability and survival. The events of 11 September 2001 (9/11) have shown that the era of global interdependence and interconnectivity is also an era in which human survival is threatened not only by the actions of states…

  8. National Educational Research Policies: A World Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debeauvais, Michel

    This report presents the findings of a study in which the member nations of UNESCO were surveyed concerning their education research policies. Specifically, the survey focuses on how research priorities are decided upon, how research is organized, how the results of research are disseminated, and what strategies are employed to make use of…

  9. Moral Reasoning and Higher-Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, Michael S.; Schapiro, Morton Owen

    2007-01-01

    Many people in higher education think that "values talk" should be reserved for important ceremonial occasions, like commencements and reunions, or for remarks after a major scandal. In their view, values should take a back seat to the pragmatic reality of empirical evidence. But, in reality, every interesting problem of policy or practice depends…

  10. Driver and Traffic Safety Education Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of General Education.

    The policy statement outlines New York State standards regarding: (1) the driver's education program; (2) vehicles in the program; (3) administration, supervision, and organization of summer school programs; (4) teachers in the program; and (5) pupils in the program. A glossary defines terms and instructional objectives. Program policies…

  11. Think Tanks, Education and Elite Policy Actors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, Glenn C.

    2016-01-01

    The past decade has seen think tanks operate in sophisticated ways to influence the development of education policies. In this paper, I reflect upon the influence of think tanks in the formation of national reform, using the Common Core State Standards initiative in the USA as an illustrative case. In doing so, I explore how certain think tanks,…

  12. Policy Implications of Social Justice in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bull, Barry

    2009-01-01

    This article analyzes the implications of a particular conception of social justice in education for the policies that have led to significant political controversies in contemporary communities in the United States. Many of these controversies have arisen from the collision between the increasingly multicultural reality in those communities and…

  13. Free Teacher Education Policy Implementation in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagin, Dean A.

    2012-01-01

    In 2007 the Chinese central government implemented the Free Teacher Education Policy (FTEP), which offered qualifying students admission to prestigious national universities, four years of free tuition, room and board, and a stipend in exchange for a commitment to teach in their home province for ten years; the first two of those years in a rural…

  14. What Shapes Inner-City Education Policy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Ben; Gaskell, Jane; Pollock, Katina

    2007-01-01

    This paper is part of a larger study looking at the issues involved as two large urban Canadian school boards, in Winnipeg and Toronto, responded to the demands of poor, inner city areas over the last thirty years of the twentieth century. In this paper we focus our attention on the broader stage on which education policy takes place. We draw from…

  15. Gender Equality Policies and Higher Education Careers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berggren, Caroline

    2011-01-01

    Gender equality policies regulate the Swedish labour market, including higher education. This study analyses and discusses the career development of postgraduate students in the light of labour market influences. The principle of gender separation is used to understand these effects. Swedish register data encompassing information on 585…

  16. Three Essays in Higher Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelchen, Robert

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three chapters examining issues relevant to current higher education policy debates. In the first chapter, I use surveys, in-depth interviews, and administrative records from a sample of Wisconsin Pell Grant recipients who chose among Wisconsin public colleges and universities to explore whether students' initial…

  17. Health Educators as Environmental Policy Advocates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miner, Kimberly J.; Baker, Judith A.

    1993-01-01

    Health educators must complement individual-level change with communitywide policy and legislative initiatives, focusing on environmental issues such as air pollution, ozone layer depletion, and toxic waste disposal. Recent increases in discomfort and disease related to the physical environment call for immediate action from health professionals…

  18. Toward Teacher Education Research That Informs Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sleeter, Christine

    2014-01-01

    This article investigates the extent to which researchers are currently engaged in a shared research program that offers systematic evidence of the classroom impact of organized venues (preservice as well as inservice) for teacher professional learning. The article stems from concern about policies rooted in suspicion that teacher education is…

  19. Federal Funds: Women's Educational Equity Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Charlotte

    1977-01-01

    Model programs funded under the Women's Educational Equity Act (WEEA) and administered by the Office of Education Women's Program staff are intended to reach girls and women from low-income and middle-age groups those from American-Indian, Asian- and Pacific-American, black, and Spanish-speaking backgrounds, and those from rural, urban, and…

  20. Matrix of Key Federal Statutes and Federal and State Court Decisions Reflecting the Core Concepts of Disability Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III; Stowe, Matt; Klein, Samara; Riffel, Brandon

    2012-01-01

    This matrix displays the decisions of the United States Supreme Court and the federal statutes most relevant to individuals with disabilities and their families. It is organized according to the core concepts of disability policy as identified by Rud Turnbull and his colleagues at the Beach Center on Disability, the University of Kansas, Lawrence,…

  1. Low-income energy policy in a restructuring electricity industry: an assessment of federal options

    SciTech Connect

    Baxter, L.W.

    1997-07-01

    This report identifies both the low-income energy services historically provided in the electricity industry and those services that may be affected by industry restructuring. It identifies policies that are being proposed or could be developed to address low- income electricity services in a restructured industry. It discusses potential federal policy options and identifies key policy and implementation issues that arise when considering these potential federal initiatives. To understand recent policy development at the state level, we reviewed restructuring proposals from eight states and the accompanying testimony and comments filed in restructuring proceedings in these states.

  2. Medical education in the Russian Federation.

    PubMed

    Wright, R A; Goldfarb, A S

    1996-11-01

    The process of becoming a medical doctor in the Russian Federation is detailed in this paper. There has been a decline in the number of students entering the medical profession, as well as a marked decrease in the faculty members at the medical institutes since perestroika. This is secondary to a marked decrease in financial support as well as falling morale. PMID:9217911

  3. 48 CFR 3410.701 - Policy of the Department of Education with respect to use of the metric system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of Education with respect to use of the metric system. 3410.701 Section 3410.701 Federal Acquisition... SPECIFICATION STANDARDS AND OTHER PURCHASE DESCRIPTIONS Use of Metric System 3410.701 Policy of the Department of Education with respect to use of the metric system. It is the policy of the Department...

  4. The impact of federal policy on teachers' use of science manipulatives: A survey of teacher philosophy and practices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helgoe, Catherine A.

    Recently, educators in public K-12 schools have added testing of science knowledge to the measures of Adequate Yearly Progress required by the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation. Research of the impact of NCLB policy on general teaching practices had credited the policy with improving instruction; however, negative impacts noted included the concern that teachers "teach to the test," narrowing the curriculum. Testing as an assessment strategy was not advocated by the professional educators and scientists responsible for the National Science Education Standards (NSES). Results from previous studies pointed to a potential conflict between the NCLB reforms and the National Science Education Standards science standards, in which teachers might reduce or eliminate hands-on activities and other constructivist practices in order to focus class time on other topics and tasks. Most research on NCLB policy, however, had not evaluated instructional practices regarding science education. This study examined the relationship among teacher beliefs, specifically the strength of their constructivist versus traditional beliefs, teachers' responses to NCLB policy, and teachers' use of constructivist practices in the form of manipulatives. This study showed that national policy did have an impact on teachers; however, that impact was not specific to the hands-on practices in science education. Teachers who responded to this survey had found many benefits in student learning using manipulatives and those positive impacts on their students justified the increased use of manipulatives in the classroom. The strength of teachers' constructivist beliefs showed a weak positive correlation to choices related to curriculum priorities, learning goals and advantages in using manipulatives. However, a relationship to beliefs was not found in the changes teachers made to various instructional practices, or in how they viewed certain manipulative materials, or in how they viewed

  5. Evidence-Based Policy or Policy-Based Evidence? Higher Education Policies and Policymaking 1987-2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Roger

    2013-01-01

    The article discusses higher education policies and policy making during the period of the author's direct involvement between the mid-80s and the present. The author points to an increasingly ideological form of policy making which has emphasised the economic role of higher education and created a higher education "market". As the…

  6. Federal Data Bases for Health Education Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Ronald; Iverson, Donald

    1982-01-01

    Described are some of the national health related databases which are useful in conducting health education research. Among areas covered by the projects are hypertension, myocardial infarction, neighborhood health centers, alcoholism, and over the counter drugs. (CJ)

  7. 14 CFR 385.21 - Authority of the Chief, Accounting Division, Office of Budget and Policy, Federal Transit...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., Office of Budget and Policy, Federal Transit Administration. 385.21 Section 385.21 Aeronautics and Space... of the Chief, Accounting Division, Office of Budget and Policy, Federal Transit Administration. The Chief, Accounting Division, Office of Budget and Policy, Federal Transit Administration, has...

  8. 41 CFR 102-74.320 - Are there any exceptions to the smoking policy for interior space in Federal facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... to the smoking policy for interior space in Federal facilities? 102-74.320 Section 102-74.320 Public... any exceptions to the smoking policy for interior space in Federal facilities? Yes, the smoking policy... Governmental units that serve as the permanent or intermittent duty station of one or more Federal...

  9. A Side-by-Side Comparison of Federal and State Early Education Regulations and Requirements Affecting Early Care and Education in Connecticut, Fall 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Julie, Ed.; Schlesinger, Ann, Ed.

    In order to advance early childhood education and services across the state of Connecticut, early education leaders at the federal, state, and local levels were convened by the Connecticut Head Start-State Collaboration Project to identify each funder's requirements in key categories and to discuss specific policies and practices of those…

  10. Reflections of a Recently Retired Federal Analyst in Rural Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Joyce D.

    1995-01-01

    This essay is based on a federal analyst's 26-year career in government, particularly the Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement. It addresses rural living and quality of life as well as changes that have occurred over the past two decades and planning for the future. The special training needs of rural educators…

  11. Vocational Instructional Materials for Technical Education Available from Federal Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    This listing of federally produced curriculum and instructional materials for technical education is one of eight annotated bibliographies that provide information for vocational educators at the secondary, postsecondary, and adult levels. Introductory information given includes a description of how to use the listing and sources and ordering…

  12. Resource Guide to Federal Funding for Technology in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    This guide provides information about funding resources available from the Federal government for programs involving educational technology. Funding programs are included for the following government agencies: U.S. Department of Education; Department of Commerce; National Science Foundation (NSF); Department of Energy (DOE); National Aeronautics…

  13. 76 FR 31312 - Federal Family Education Loan Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ...The Secretary invites guaranty agencies with agreements to participate in the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program to submit proposals to enter into a Voluntary Flexible Agreement (VFA) with the Secretary, as authorized by section 428A of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA). Guaranty agencies whose proposals are accepted will operate under the requirements of the VFA in......

  14. Some Problems of Educational Planning in Federal States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehead, LeRoy E.

    Both empirical and theoretical considerations suggest that countries that have adopted federal systems of government have a tendency toward certain types of problems which may constrain the success of educational planning at every level in the educational system. Specific operational examples of such problems are lack of role clarification, and…

  15. The Federal Budget and Education for the Handicapped Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobson, Julius W., Jr.

    The author considers the effects of President Ronald Reagan's proposed federal budget programs on handicapped education. Following an explanation of "block grants" is a section addressing the Supplemental Appropriations and Rescission Act of 1981 (P.L. 97-12) which rescinded $76,819,000 from 10 education for the handicapped programs, earmarked…

  16. Federal STEM Educator Professional Development Programs: a discussion of funding, approaches, and implementation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McNaull, Aline

    2014-03-01

    Effective professional development is vital to training the next generation of quality science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) teachers. I will discuss approaches used to improve educator professional development under the Higher Education Act and Elementary and Secondary Education Acts. I will examine how federal funding is currently being allocated and summarize some of the programs that are being implemented whose aim is to improve content knowledge and provide disciplinary specific pedagogy in professional development. The recent proposed reorganization of STEM education programs in the FY 2014 budget sparked significant debate among policy-makers; however the issue of quality K-12 instruction has remained important to the physics societies. I will provide an update on these discussions and on the status of federal STEM teacher training programs in the FY 2015 budget proposal.

  17. 7 CFR 621.40 - Participation in Federal interagency policy activities at the national level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES RIVER BASIN... at the Federal level through the Cabinet Council on Natural Resources and Environment. NRCS provides... interested USDA agencies participate in water policy development through the USDA Committee on...

  18. Poverty and Federal Aid to Education. Working Paper EDA 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barkin, David

    The document is "the second in a series of reports which analyze the problems and effects of intergovernmental grants for education." The focus is on problems of "counting and locating" disadvantaged children who are to be served by Alementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) programs. Definitions of the poor for policy purposes, the geographic…

  19. Federal Restrictions on Educational Research: Privacy Protection Study Commission Hearings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michael, John; Weinberg, JoAnn

    1977-01-01

    The Privacy Protection Study Commission (PPSC) held public hearings on personal data record-keeping policies and practices in educational institutions in Los Angeles in October and in Washington, D.C. in November, 1976. Under consideration were the protections afforded parents and students by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.…

  20. Renovating Educational Identities: Policy, Space and Urban Renewal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulson, Kalervo N.

    2005-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the relationship between policy and space in the sociology of education. This paper analyses the relationships between educational policy change, in the form of the "Excellence in cities" policy initiative, and urban change in inner London. I propose, and apply, a framework for a spatialised policy analysis…

  1. The Work of Teacher Educators: An English Policy Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Childs, Ann

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the Conservative-Liberal coalition government's policy in teacher education in England and its implications for the work of teacher educators. It does this by considering, for example, policy documents and the speeches of key politicians responsible for policy formulation. It argues that policies influenced by the…

  2. Teachers and the Policy Reform Agenda: The Changing Emphasis in Educational Policy Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naidu, Sham

    2011-01-01

    Stemming from my article entitled, "Teachers and the Policy Reform Agenda: What is Policy?," this article refers to the changing landscape of educational policy analysis. Policy influences the nature of teaching and learning and if teachers are to re-centre teachers' voices and combat the neo-liberal agenda underpinning public education, they must…

  3. Policy as Boundary Object: A New Way to Look at Educational Policy Design and Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emad, Gholamreza; Roth, Wolff-Michael

    2009-01-01

    Policy implementation research in general and educational policy in particular is loosely connected to policy-making processes. There is a gap particularly in the field of vocational education. This often leads to conflicts and contradictions between policy-maker objectives and end-user implementation. To avoid such a disconnect, the relation…

  4. Costs and Policy Options for Federal Student Loan Programs. A CBO Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, Deborah; Moore, Damien

    2010-01-01

    The Department of Education oversees various programs to help students pay for the costs of postsecondary education. This Congressional Budget Office (CBO) study focuses on the two largest student loan programs created under the authority of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (as amended): (1) The Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program, which…

  5. Why (and How) Policy Matters in Physics Education: a disciplinary perspective on educational policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Finkelstein, Noah

    2015-04-01

    National, perhaps unprecedented, attention is now being paid to science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education. This attention includes calls for better education of more students and including broader segments of our society in STEM fields. At the same time, national moves are challenging the worth and value of higher education and even the need for physics education. This talk reviews the current landscape education policy, challenges and opportunities facing physics and higher education, and why physics and physicists in particular have been and must be involved.

  6. Top 10 State Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2008. Policy Matters: A Higher Education Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This policy brief looks ahead for 2008 and presents the top 10 state issues most likely to be at the forefront of discussion and action that will affect public higher education across the 50 states, in the view of the state policy analysis and research staff at the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU). The focus is on…

  7. Accelerating the Pace of Change in Energy Technologies Through an Integrated Federal Energy Policy

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2010-11-01

    In this report, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) calls for the development of a coordinated government-wide Federal energy policy. This will be a major undertaking, given the large number of Federal policies that affect the development, implementation, and use of energy technologies. For that reason, we recommend that the Administration initiate a process analogous to the Quadrennial Defense Review undertaken every four years by the Department of Defense

  8. Maintenance of Effort: An Evolving Federal-State Policy Approach to Ensuring College Affordability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, F. King; Harnisch, Thomas; Hurley, Daniel; Moran, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Congress has recently focused on the complex relationship between federal student aid, states' funding appropriations for higher education, and institutional tuition and fee levels. Fueling this focus is the ongoing cost shit in public higher education, from states to students and families, as well as to the federal government via student aid…

  9. Meritocratic Epistemic Communities: An Alternative Policy Paradigm for Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Seungchan

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to propose an alternative policy frame for higher education policy by demonstrating the inadequacy of the market approach adopted by the 2011 English higher education policy in addressing the economic and social agenda, and by reframing higher education as a mechanism that selects and distributes talents to vocational sectors…

  10. National Education Policy and the Learning Subject: Exploring the Gaps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silbert, Patti

    2009-01-01

    I explore the relationship between education policy and identity by looking at how the learning subject is constituted at national education policy level. The notion of the "ideal South African learning subject", which I suggest, foregrounds national education policy discourse, contradicts the reality of continued class, race, cultural and gender…

  11. Policies and Practices in Educational Gerontology in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Yi-Yin; Huang, Chin-Shan

    2013-01-01

    Policy on educational gerontology seems a relatively recent subfield in most countries' social policies. The concept of education for older adults did not appear in Taiwan's political discourse until 1980. The purposes of this paper are to provide an overall introduction to the development of educational gerontology policies and practices in…

  12. Understanding Educational Policy Formation: The Case of School Violence Policies in Israel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fast, Idit

    2016-01-01

    This study explores mechanisms underlying processes of educational policy formation. Previous studies have given much attention to processes of diffusion when accounting for educational policy formation. Less account has been given to the day-to-day institutional dynamics through which educational policies develop and change. Building on extensive…

  13. The Impact of Research on Education Policy in an Era of Evidence-Based Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lingard, Bob

    2013-01-01

    Currently, when there is a lot of political talk about the need for "evidence-based policy", and when public policy seeks to calibrate research quality and impact, there is a pressing need to reconsider the relationships between education/al research and education policy. This article seeks to do this, beginning with considerations of the…

  14. Federal Information Policies: The Congressional Initiative. A Summary of Proceedings of the Annual Forum on Federal Information Policies (6th, Washington, D.C., March 22, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Douglas

    This booklet summarizes the proceedings of a forum--whose audience consisted of over 200 library and information managers, congressional staff members, and persons from the information industry and academic community--on the condition of federal information policies as they relate to the Congressional initiative. Among issues discussed are: (1)…

  15. Federalism and the determinants of environmental policy in the American states

    SciTech Connect

    Kandel, A.S.

    1992-01-01

    During the 1980s the American states experienced a resurgence in the field of environmental policy. Innovation increased as state legislatures reacted to growing environmental problems. This study addresses the determinants of state policy in three areas: air pollution control, water pollution control, and hazardous waste policy. The findings are analyzed in the context of federalism, as the ongoing debate over the proper role of the federal and state governments is discussed in terms of environmental policy. The study utilizes bivariate and multivariate analyses to examine four sets of variables: pollution severity conditions, political conditions, economic conditions, and social conditions. A pollution severity hypothesis, which states that increased levels of pollution within a state will lead to more stringent policy, is tested. Pollution severity can interact with other types of variables, and its influence on state policy is likely to be mitigated by other forces. The findings of the analysis suggest the need to study specific types of environmental policy, in order to develop a full understanding of state pollution control efforts on the whole. Differences are found between the determinants of spending and regulatory policy. Factors impacting state policy include pollution severity, ideology, political culture, and age. Importantly, economic factors were found to have almost no impact on state environmental policy. The findings of the study suggest that the use of federal funds as a tool to correct state differences may be misguided since economic conditions rarely affect policy creation. Further research, however, should continue to address this issue, since conditions in the states are constantly shifting. Other important areas of future research should include additional state policy types, party elites, and political variables in general, since the debate over federalism and environmental policy will likely become more salient in the 1990s.

  16. Mexico's Federal Education Law of 1973; Its Implications for Nonformal Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobson-Ingram, John R. A.

    An evolutionary step in Mexico's nonformal educational development, the Federal Education Law of 1973 was ratified by the President in December 1973. This law covers the purpose of education in Mexico, the national system of education, distribution of responsibilities for education, programs of study, rights and obligations of institutions,…

  17. Court says oral sex is proscribed by Federal HIV policy.

    PubMed

    1996-10-18

    A U.S. District judge rejected all claims presented by [name removed], an HIV-positive, male-to-female preoperative transsexual inmate, and ruled that prison officials did not violate her Constitutional rights of due process and equal protection. [Name removed] was placed in solitary confinement for engaging in oral sex with another inmate. The Bureau of Prisons policy authorizes the placement of HIV-positive inmates into controlled housing if they engage in conduct that poses a health risk to others. [Name removed] argued that her conduct did not involve transmission of her bodily fluids to the other inmate. The judge ruled that the HIV policy does not differentiate between receiving and performing oral sex and that [name removed] was aware of the policy and potential consequences. PMID:11363940

  18. Federal immunity Law in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnsen, Christopher; Todd, James C.

    1999-01-01

    Monitors and analyzes developments in immunity law in 1998 applicable to higher education. The review suggests that the extent of a plaintiff's constitutional rights and the scope of a public official's qualified immunity depend to a not insignificant degree on which circuit, or even which panel, decides the case. (SLD)

  19. Eleven Factors Influencing Federal Education Legislation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andringa, Robert C.

    The 11 variables, in order of importance, that have the greatest ultimate effect in shaping national legislation on education are the following: (1) personal judgment and values of usually no more than six to ten members of Congress and staff, (2) strong views of respected and trusted friends, (3) assumptions about the economy and budget, (4)…

  20. Compromising Composition: Articulating Quality and Practice in Distance Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnegie, Teena A. M.

    Policies exist in every aspect of people's lives from the landlord's policy on pets to the government's policy on literacy. As such, policy becomes the ideal place to begin to examine the articulation of distance education because policy inevitably marks the site where different kinds of political discourses and social practices intersect. By…