Science.gov

Sample records for federal education policies

  1. The Impact of Federal Policy on Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Stephen K.

    The greatest watershed in federal higher education policy was the Educational Admendments of 1972 that involved the federal government in support of higher education through aid to students. Future fruitful steps in federal legislation would be student-aid policies that allow recipients more institutional choice; meet the needs of part-time…

  2. Federal Policy and Graduate Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Robert

    What role should the federal government play in support of graduate education? Based on the principles that: (1) American graduate education and research establishment is a national resource; (2) the market for highly trained manpower is national; (3) the federal government itself employs the service of many highly trained personnel; (4) it is in…

  3. Federal R & D Policies Supporting Educational Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blaschke, Charles; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Summarizes factors contributing to successful federal research and development (R&D) funding for educational technology, and provides policy recommendations based on these findings. Topics discussed include the role of industry; public policy issues; legislative initiatives; executive branch administration; staff continuity; procurement process;…

  4. Federal Policy and Educational Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marland, S. P., Jr.

    We must search for greater productivity in the teaching and learning process. During the past 15 years expenditures for elementary and secondary education have climbed from about four percent of GNP to eight percent. Much of this expenditure has been for educational technology, but we still don't know enough about how to use it. To help make…

  5. Federal Policy in Bilingual Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotburg, Iris C.

    1982-01-01

    This paper focuses on two issues: (1) whether bilingual education programs are the only way to satisfy the Supreme Court decision in Lau v. Nichols and (2) whether research findings clearly indicate that the bilingual approach is the best way to educate language-minority children. (CT)

  6. The politics of federal environmental education policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crouch, Richard Craig

    Both environmental governance1 and education governance 2 occupy contested territory in contemporary US political discourse. Environmental education (EE) policy has emerged at this intersection and taken on aspects of both controversies. Central to debates surrounding environmental education are still unresolved issues concerning the role of the federal government in education, the role of education in citizen-making, and the role of the public in environmental governance. As a case study of the politics of environmental education policy, I explore these issues as they relate to the National Environmental Education Act of 1990,3 attempts at its reauthorization, its continued appropriations, and its current state of policy stasis. The political controversy over the federal role in environmental education is an appropriate case study of environmental education politics insofar as it reflects the different positions held by actor groups with regard to the definition, efficacy, and legitimacy of environmental education. At the core of these debates, as we will see, is a definitional crisis---that is, there is no common understanding across the relevant actor groups as to what environmental education is, or should be. I suggest here that this definitional issue can be best understood as having technical, ideological, and structural components4---all of which are mutually reinforcing and thus perpetuate the stasis in federal environmental education policy. 1I rely on Durant, Fiorino and O'leary's definition of environmental governance in Environmental Governance Reconsidered ; "In the term environmental governance, we refer to the increasingly collaborative nature of [environmental and natural resource] policy formulation and implementation. In this vein, a wide array of third parties (for example, actors in the profit sector, the nonprofit sector, and civic society), in addition to government agencies, comprise non hierarchical networks of actors wielding a variety of

  7. The Ambiguous Transformation: Federal Education Policy and the Second Reconstruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Hugh Davis

    Analysis of changes in federal education policy in the 1960s, based on archival research and other sources, suggests a reinterpretation of the causes of the success or failure of the new federal programs. A review of the literature on these "Great Society" educational policies finds that most authors feel the policies sprang from a coalescence of…

  8. Federalism, Agenda Setting, and the Dynamics of Federal Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manna, Paul

    This paper is part of a larger project on agenda setting in the U.S. federal system and the development of the federal education agenda since 1965. Two questions motivate the paper, one theoretical and the other empirical: (1) how does federalism affect the federal agenda?; and (2) what explains the development of federal involvement in K-12…

  9. The Impact of Federal Policies on Higher Education Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Arthur T., Ed.

    The papers are: "Making Higher Education Policy at the National Level" (Ralph K. Huitt); "Federal Impact and Higher Education Systems" (G. Homer Durham); "External Control and Institutional Governance" (Allan W. Ostar); "Federal Regulations and Institutional Autonomy" (Louis W. Bender); "Making Federalism Work" (Warren G. Hill); "Advice for Policy…

  10. The Limits of Federal Activism in Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vergari, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    The evolution of the federal role in education policy has entailed increasing activism in matters traditionally controlled by states and school districts. However, the expanding federal role has not resulted in a zero sum game for states and localities. Focusing on the policy-implementation process, this article examines recent state and local…

  11. Federal Language Policy and American Indian Education. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarty, T. L.

    In the past 25 years, American Indian education has undergone tremendous changes in both content (curriculum and pedagogy) and context (institutional framework). Centered on the issue of control, changes at both levels have resulted from a dynamic interplay between federal language policy and local initiatives. The federal Bilingual Education Act…

  12. Federal Policies and Higher Education in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prisco, Anne; Hurley, Alicia D.; Carton, Thomas C; Richardson, Richard C., Jr.

    The purpose of this report is to describe U.S. federal policies that have helped to shape the context within which state systems of higher education operated during the past decade. It also presents descriptive statistics about the higher education enterprise in the United States, including available performance data. The report is based on the…

  13. The New Federal Education Policies: California's Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Brian; Barondess, Heather; Perry, Mary; Leichty, Julian

    2009-01-01

    This report provides an overview of the federal stimulus--also known as the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)--and where California stands in relation to the requirements. It also looks at the thinking behind the four reform areas (teacher and administrator effectiveness; data systems; standards; and turning around low-performing…

  14. Contemporary Federal Education Policy and Rural Schools: A Critical Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jerry; Howley, Craig B.

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on contemporary federal education policy as it manifests in rural schools. Rural schools differ appreciably from nonrural schools in terms of organizational systems, structures, and culture. Federal policies that drive school improvement initiatives (e.g., those regulating the functioning of schools and those managing the…

  15. Federal Policies on Civic Education and Service. Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirby, Emily Hoban; Levine, Peter; Elrod, Brent

    2006-01-01

    The Federal government supports programs designed to encourage civic participation and increase civic knowledge. This fact sheet summarizes current federal legislation intended to mandate or encourage civic education and service programs for young people. In addition, it contains a list of relevant federally funded programs. (Contains 4 endnotes.)…

  16. The Shaping of Federal Education Policy over Time. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 16, Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Christopher T.

    2015-01-01

    Over the course of our nation's existence, the federal role in K-12 education has evolved many times. From an initial limited role to one that is more focused today on access and equity, the federal role in education policy has seldom been without controversy. During each twist and turn there has been ongoing debate over federal versus state…

  17. From a Nation at Risk to No Child Left Behind: National Education Goals and the Creation of Federal Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vinovskis, Maris

    2008-01-01

    Distinguished historian and policy analyst Maris Vinovskis examines federal K-12 education policies, beginning with the publication of "A Nation at Risk" and focusing on the National Education Goals, America 2000, Goals 2000, and No Child Left Behind. In addition to discussing key policy debates, he also addresses the practical aspects of…

  18. Federal Aid to the Disadvantaged. What Future for Chapter 1? Education Policy Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Denis P., Ed.; Cooper, Bruce S., Ed.

    This document presents the recommendations of a national group of policy analysts on strategies for improving compensatory education and the Educational Improvement and Consolidation Act (ECIA) Chapter 1. The historical context of the Federal and state roles in providing compensatory education programs is presented, old assumptions are reviewed,…

  19. Current Federal Education Policy regarding the Academically Talented in Mathematics, Science and Technology and Discussant Reactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Krista J.

    This conference paper describes trends in federal policy for education of the academically talented in mathematics, science, and technology. Education legislation considered by the 100th Congress has stressed the themes of creating "equity" and "access." The greatest emphasis has been put on education of the gifted and talented. Proposed…

  20. What State Policymakers Should Know about Federal Higher Education Policy. Policy Insights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longanecker, David A.

    2006-01-01

    Despite the mantra that education is primarily a state responsibility, the federal government is an important and influential player when it comes to providing higher education to the nation's students. The federal government invests roughly $25 billion annually in higher education excluding loans that are ultimately repaid, military benefits that…

  1. CCBD'S Position Summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skiba, Russ; Albrecht, Susan; Losen, Dan

    2013-01-01

    This document provides policy recommendations of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD) regarding disproportionality in special education and the need for federal policy driving state regulations to support efforts to eliminate this outcome in schools. CCBD is committed to advancing knowledge, effective instruction, and advocacy…

  2. CCBD's Position Summary on Federal Policy on Disproportionality in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skiba, Russ; Albrecht, Susan; Losen, Dan

    2012-01-01

    This document provides policy recommendations of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD) regarding disproportionality in special education and the need for federal policy driving state regulations to support efforts to eliminate this outcome in schools. Monitoring requirements in the 1997 and 2004 amendments to the Individuals…

  3. Minimizing Staff Resistance to Federally Mandated Policies: A Proposed Model for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karlitz, Howard

    1982-01-01

    Examines implications of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P.L. 94-142). Delineates areas of conflict that might arise when the law is implemented at the school district level and proposes a strategy for developing future Federal educational policy in such a way as to reduce conflict and enhance implementation. (Author/GC)

  4. Federal Policy and the Education of Students with Disabilities: Progress and the Path Forward

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Jane E.; Whitby, Peggy J. Schaefer

    2008-01-01

    Federal policy has had a significant effect on the education of students with disabilities in the United States. From the Supreme Court cases of the 1970s to the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) accountability provisions of the early 21st Century, students with disabilities, their families, and educators who work with them have been mightily shaped…

  5. Federal Compliance Works against Education Policy Goals. Education Outlook. No. 6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Junge, Melissa; Krvaric, Sheara

    2011-01-01

    While the federal government spends billions of dollars every year on federal education programs, federal policymakers and education advocates often lament that these programs do not achieve their intended results--specifically, increasing student academic achievement. To address this problem, policymakers and advocates typically debate the merits…

  6. Power and Process: The Formulation and Limits of Federal Educational Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summerfield, Harry L.; And Others

    Mr. Summerfield first provides a descriptive analysis of the structure and dynamics of the federal policy process for educational decisionmaking in the lobbies, the Congress, and the administration. Substantive material in the next three chapters is followed by a more general conceptualization and a theoretical perspective of the operations of the…

  7. From Capitol Hill to Dupont Circle and Beyond: The Influence of Policy Actors in the Federal Higher Education Rulemaking Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Natow, Rebecca S.

    2015-01-01

    The federal higher education rulemaking process develops policies that can profoundly affect college students, higher education institutions, and other actors in the higher education policy community. But little has been researched about the influence that different types of actors have on higher education rulemaking. By analyzing interviews with…

  8. A K-12 Federal Policy Framework for Competency Education: Building Capacity for Systems Change. CompetencyWorks Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worthen, Maria; Pace, Lillian

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides federal policymakers and advocates with comprehensive, big-picture ideas for transforming federal policy to support the transition to competency-based learning. It is meant to start a dialogue on these issues, posing important questions to explore as policymakers contemplate a new vision for federal education policy through the…

  9. Conceptualizing Federal Tax Policies toward Higher Education in the 1980s: Balancing Social Equity and Political Realities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckham, Joseph C.; Godbey, Galen C.

    1980-01-01

    Reviews existing federal tax policy affecting higher education, suggests guidelines and alternative policies that may be addressed in future debates on tax law reform, and describes the economic and political incentives and disincentives for federal policy-makers in modifying the existing laws. (Author/IRT)

  10. Federal (Chapter 1) Educational Spending and Effects on Poor Children. Policy Studies in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walberg, Herbert J.

    Analysis of the history of Chapter 1, the Federal program for the education of the disadvantaged, and a review of the research into the program's effectiveness show the inefficiency of Federal influence and funds in local schools. Chapter 1 has done little good for students: it has neither raised the achievement of the educationally deprived and…

  11. Public Schools and the Original Federal Land Grant Program. A Background Paper from the Center on Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usher, Alexandra

    2011-01-01

    This background paper from the Center on Education Policy (CEP) examines the origins, history, and evolution of federal land grants for public schools, as well as their significance as an early example of the federal role in education. It is intended to serve as a more detailed companion to another CEP paper, "Get the Federal Government Out of…

  12. Federal water policy

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The Federal Water Policy is a statement of the federal government's philosophy and goals for the nation's freshwater resources, and of the proposed ways of achieving them in cooperation with provincial governments. This document provides an overview of the policy, then presents details on the policy itself, the strategies for achievement of that policy, methods of applying it, and specific policy statements. These statements cover such topics as the management of toxic chemicals, water quality, ground water contamination, municipal water and sewer infrastructure, safe drinking water, wetlands preservation, hydroelectric development, navigation, native water rights, and Canada-US boundary management, among others.

  13. Federal Educational Policy on School Finance after Proposition 13: Short- and Long-Run Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berke, Joel S.

    1979-01-01

    Short-term problems caused by California's Proposition 13 are: maintenance of effort; federal supplemental funding; use of federal funds for excess costs; and matching and full service. Long-term implications include: rescuing the states; maintaining traditional federal policies; improving or revising federal aid; and encouraging improved state…

  14. Second Policy Development Seminar "Civic Education Policy and Standards Setting in the Russian Federation" (Moscow, Russian Federation, February 28-March 1, 2001). Revised. Education for Democratic Citizenship, 2001-2004.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolotina, Tatiana

    The February 2002 Council of Europe seminar on "Civic Education Policy and Standards Setting in the Russian Federation" is the second seminar devoted to these issues. The first seminar was held in December 2000. The main objectives were to introduce European work in civic education, particularly that of Romania and Ireland, and to draft the first…

  15. A Lesson in Waste: Where Does All the Federal Education Money Go? Policy Analysis. No. 518

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCluskey, Neal

    2004-01-01

    Since the 1965 passage of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which concentrated unprecedented authority over American education in the hands of the federal government, federal lawmakers have passed increasingly restrictive laws and drastically escalated education spending, which ballooned from around $25 billion in 1965 (adjusted for…

  16. Federal Higher Education Policy and the Profitable Nonprofits. Policy Analysis. No. 678

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fried, Vance H.

    2011-01-01

    Undergraduate education is a highly profitable business for nonprofit colleges and universities. They do not show profits on their books, but instead take their profits in the form of spending on some combination of research, graduate education, low-demand majors, low faculty teaching loads, excess compensation, and featherbedding. The industry's…

  17. Music in U.S. Federal Education Policy: Estimating the Effect of "Core Status" for Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elpus, Kenneth

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews the political and empirical record within music education surrounding the Goals 2000: Educate America Act and reports a new study evaluating the effects of the law on music and arts education policies in U.S. high schools. School-level data (N = 670 schools) from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 and the…

  18. Emerging Educational Policy Issues in the Federal City: A Report from Washington. Occasional Paper No. 42.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halperin, Samuel

    Both the federal administration and Congress, through more dollars and more legislation, are expanding the federal role in education. Major themes running through the various legislative proposals will result in a reduced emphasis on fiscal controls, encouragement for process-oriented requirements, better integration of federal programs, and…

  19. The Federal Interest in Financing Schooling. A Rand Educational Policy Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timpane, Michael, Ed.

    This book contains papers first presented at the September 1976 Symposium on the Federal Interest in Financing Schooling. Participants responded to three questions. First, given what we know about federal goals in education, how appropriate are the areas in which federal involvement is currently concentrated? Second, how effective are existing…

  20. Native-Language Education: Addressing the Interests of Special Populations within U.S. Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Best, Jane; Dunlap, Allison

    2012-01-01

    This brief provides an overview of three federal laws that address native-language education and illustrates how these federal laws produce different results when coupled with state laws and other regional circumstances. For the purposes of this brief, native-language education refers to American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians and…

  1. The Transformation of Federal Education Policy: The Kennedy and Johnson Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Hugh Davis

    Archive-based historical analysis brings a perspective to policy studies that is lacking in individual case studies. The recently opened Kennedy and Johnson archives facilitate an internal analysis of the evolution of education policy formulation in the 1960s from the perspective of the executive branch. The central thread of continuity for such…

  2. How Much Money for What: Some Aspects of How Federal Educational Research Policy Is Made and What to Do About It.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Datta, Lois-ellin; Rieder, Corinne

    Policy, as much as the merits of an individual proposal, determines which researcher gets how much money to do what kind of study. Federal money accounts for over 75 percent of all educational R & D funds expended. In the formation of federal educational R & D policy, there are two separate structural events--authorization and…

  3. Federal Control Out of Control: The Office for Civil Rights' Hidden Policies on Bilingual Education. CEO Policy Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littlejohn, Jim

    This report examines the policies and practices of the Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) for determining whether school systems are providing appropriate educational services to language minority students who are learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Data are drawn from OCR documents in the public domain, including…

  4. Recurrent Education, Policy and Development in OECD Countries: Recurrent Education in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudolph, Hedwig; And Others

    This report, part of a series on the state of recurrent education in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries, focuses on recurrent education in West Germany. The West German thrust for continuing adult education has come from business, industry, and the 1969 Labor Promotion Act which publicly funds…

  5. Educating for the Public Good through Comprehensive Federal Research and Development Policies. Policy Brief. ASHE/Lumina Fellows Series. Issue 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendoza, Pilar

    2007-01-01

    The broad national research and development (R&D) enterprise is directly linked to graduate education in science and engineering. Graduate students are not only the future scientists of society, through research assistantships, they also provide valuable labor for the development of research and technology. Therefore, federal R&D policies should…

  6. Making Policy in the United States Department of Education: The Political Process of Federal Rulemaking for Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Natow, Rebecca Spiro

    2013-01-01

    Higher education rulemaking is the procedure through which the United States Department of Education creates policy in the form of regulations that govern the provision of higher education funding and services. Until now, there has been a shortage of research into the politics of higher education rulemaking. This study investigates the actors that…

  7. The National Institute of Education's Educational Satellite Communications Demonstration: Lessons Learned and Their Federal Policy Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Steven

    During 1975, the Educational Satellite Communications Demonstration (ESCD) used the Applications Technology Satellite #6 (ATS-6) for three distinct demonstrations in Appalachia, Alaska, and the Rocky Mountain area. The most common use of the technology was to broadcast an uninterrupted program followed by a short interaction period. Other…

  8. New Directions: Federal Education Policy in the Twenty-First Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanstoroom, Marci, Ed.; Finn, Chester E., Jr., Ed.

    Contributors to this collection examine how today's federal education programs work and show how, instead of working for school improvement, these programs have begun to function as obstacles to the efforts of reform-minded states and schools. The following essays are included: (1) "Overview: Thirty-Four Years of Dashed Hopes" (Chester E. Finn,…

  9. Walking a Policy Tightrope: Balancing Educational Opportunity and Criminal Justice in Federal Student Financial Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, M. Christopher, II; Lane, Jason E.; Rogers, Kimberly R.

    2002-01-01

    The Higher Education Act's Drug-Free Student Aid Provision denies federal aid to anyone convicted of possessing or selling controlled substances. The criminalization of certain offenses and exclusion of others appears to accompany unstated racial and socioeconomic biases. Because minority and poor people are more likely to be convicted of drug…

  10. The Impact of Federal Financial Aid Policy upon Higher Education Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Dannielle Joy; Green-Derry, Lisa Celeste; Jones, Brandon

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews the history of financial aid policy from the Higher Education Act of 1965 to its reauthorisation in 1992 and the subsequent ramifications upon African-American students. It considers issues of race and class with regard to college access. This work concludes with a look at contemporary aid, as well as offers race- and…

  11. Educating for Community Change: Higher Education's Proposed Role in Community Transformation through the Federal Promise Neighborhood Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated a federal comprehensive community initiative, the Promise Neighborhood initiative, in order to understand higher education community engagement in an embedded context. Promise Neighborhood programs aim to create a place-based system of family and education services that can support youth from early childhood through college…

  12. State Policies and Federal Guidelines for Education of the Disadvantaged (Selected Summary). Elementary and Secondary Education Act, Title I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    This handbook contains information on the planning, development and implementation of Title I programs in New York State. In an overview of general State education department policy, guidelines on program priorities, application procedures, kindergarten and prekindergarten programs, programs for educationally disadvantaged handicapped pupils,…

  13. Federal technology policy in transition

    SciTech Connect

    Carnes, K.H.

    1995-12-31

    This paper discusses federal energy and environmental policies and their impact on the U.S. economy. A brief history of the federal government`s role in developing scientific and technological infrastructure is given. Current trends in technology are summarized, with an emphasis on global aspects, and their impact on the economy is discussed. The need for a national technology policy, including continued research and development funding, is discussed and key elements of such a policy are outlined.

  14. Can the Federal Government Improve Education Research?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacob, Brian; Ludwig, Jens

    2005-01-01

    Will recent federal policy changes succeed in improving the quality of education policy research? One explanation for the limited supply to date of high-quality evaluation evidence in education is limited demand, owing perhaps, in part, to market failure for both education outcomes and education research. In the market for education outcomes, the…

  15. Teacher Leadership: Federal Policy Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gran, Jackie; Young, Margaret; Broin, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    This policy brief was developed specifically for federal policymakers, and builds upon the policy recommendations included in "Leading from Every Seat: Empowering Principals to Cultivate Teacher Leadership for School Improvement." The recommendations in this report include the following: (1) Uncover New Leadership Ideas and Seed…

  16. How Public Education Benefits from the Federal Income Tax Deduction for State and Local Taxes and Other Special Tax Provisions. A Background Paper from the Center on Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddle, Wayne C.

    2011-01-01

    This background paper is intended to serve as a companion to the Center on Education Policy report, "Get the Federal Government Out of Education? That Wasn't the Founding Fathers' Vision." That report discusses the historical foundations and current purposes of the federal role in education. This paper goes into more detail about an issue…

  17. Federalism and Public Policy: The Governance and Funding of Australian Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Neil, Ed.; Walsh, Cliff, Ed.

    This collection of 12 papers examines the governance and funding of higher education in Australia, focusing on the national education reforms of 1987-88 and their effect on universities. Papers include: (1) "Higher Education in International Perspective" (David M. Cameron); (2) "Governance and Funding of Higher Education" (David Kemp); (3)…

  18. Special Education Administrative Policies Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Scottie

    Intended for use by state and local education agencies in the development of written policy consistent with recent federal legislation on the education of handicapped children, the manual offers recommended policy statements in the areas of right to education, population, identification, evaluations, placement, service delivery, facilities and…

  19. Navigating State and Federal Student Privacy Laws to Design Educationally Sound Parental Notice Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Thomas R.

    2008-01-01

    This chapter describes the relationship between federal student privacy laws and state privacy laws, and identifies the changes in the federal law over the last ten years affecting disclosure to parents of college students. Recent litigation on health emergencies is outlined and the limited rights of college students not yet eighteen years of age…

  20. Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects. Final Rule. Technical Amendments. Federal Register, Department of Education, 34 CFR Part 97

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The agencies listed in this document are amending the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, which was published in the Federal Register on June 18, 1991, to change all references to the Office for Protection from Research Risks (OPRR) to the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP); revise the footnote found at the end of…

  1. Access, Equity, and Community Colleges: The Truman Commission and Federal Higher Education Policy from 1947 To 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Claire Krendl; Heller, Donald E.

    2013-01-01

    The 1947 President's Commission on Higher Education offers insight into higher education policy in the United States. This article reviews and assesses the adoption of its policy recommendations in two key areas: 1) improving college access and equity and 2) expanding the role of community colleges. (Contains 1 figure and 4 notes.)

  2. Educating for a High Skills Society? The Landscape of Federal Employment, Training and Lifelong Learning Policy in Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibb, Tara; Walker, Judith

    2011-01-01

    Government reports and documents claim that building a knowledge economy and innovative society are key goals in Canada. In this paper, we draw on critical policy analysis to examine 10 Canadian federal government training and employment policies in relation to the government's espoused priorities of innovation and developing a high skills society…

  3. Federal Higher Education Policy Priorities and the Asian American and Pacific Islander Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Commission on Asian American and Pacific Islander Research in Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The National Commission on Asian American and Pacific Islander Research in Education (CARE), consisting of a national commission, research advisory group, and research team at New York University, aims to engage realistic and actionable discussions about the mobility and educational opportunities for Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs)…

  4. Policy Shifts in Higher Education in the Russian Federation: Autonomy, Standards, and Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zajda, Joseph; Zajda, Rea

    2007-01-01

    Prior to 1991, all higher education institutions in the Soviet Union were state institutions. There were some 900 higher educational institutions in 1990, including only 70 major universities, still referred to as VUZy, from the Russian "vysshee uchebnoe zavedenie". This acronym is popularly used to refer to all types of higher education…

  5. Key Findings from Two Reports on Federal School Improvement Grants by the Center on Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center on Education Policy, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), also known as the economic stimulus package, provided an extra $3 billion for school improvement grants (SIGs) under section 1003(g) of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Along with this funding increase, the U.S. Department of Education issued guidance…

  6. Reconciling Federal, State, and Institutional Policies Determining Educational Access for Undocumented Students: Implications for Professional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkhardt, John C.; Ortega, Noe; Vidal Rodriguez, Angela; Frye, Joanna R.; Nellum, Christopher J.; Reyes, Kimberly A.; Hussain, Omar; Badke, Lara Kovacheff; Hernandez, Joanna

    2012-01-01

    Given the intense efforts to change federal legislation, it is surprising that relatively little research has examined how postsecondary institutions respond to organizational pressures and local contexts. These "boundary activities" determine actual practice (Birnbaum, 1991) and may be the only way to remedy the exclusion of undocumented…

  7. Federal Policy to Local Level Decision-Making: Data Driven Education Planning in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iyengar, Radhika; Mahal, Angelique R.; Felicia, Ukaegbu-Nnamchi Ifeyinwa; Aliyu, Balaraba; Karim, Alia

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the implementation of local level education data-driven planning as implemented by the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President of Nigeria on the Millennium Development Goals (OSSAP-MDGs) in partnership with The Earth Institute, Columbia University. It focuses on the design and implementation of the…

  8. Leveraging Learning: The Evolving Role of Federal Policy in Education Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowles, Timothy; Kober, Nancy; Ludwig, Jens; Petrilli, Michael J.; Slavin, Robert; Tseng, Vivian

    2013-01-01

    As transformative reforms like the Common Core State Standards and educator evaluation roll out amidst a rapidly changing demographic landscape, the need for getting high-quality research on timely topics into the hands of practitioners grows all the more urgent. While rigor and relevance need not be a question of "either/or", but rather…

  9. Federal Education Programs and Their Effect on Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timpane, Michael

    This document examines developments in federal elementary and secondary education support programs and suggests ways in which teacher education institutions might respond to future developments in the field. Federal policy enacted in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1965) promotes five distinct goals: (1) equal educational opportunity;…

  10. The Time Is Ripe for a Reexamination of Federal Educational Policy. Information Series, Volume 6, Number 3. Bulletin No. 7350.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchmiller, Archie A.

    Regardless of one's philosophical views of the role of the national government, the new federal willingness to reexamine its past effectiveness and role provides an opportunity for grassroots involvement by both state educational agencies and local school districts. An evaluation of current federal enactments needs to consider several important…

  11. The Dissemination of Educational R&D Products: Research and Policy Issues for the Federal Government. Paper No. 4984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiler, Daniel

    Federally sponsored educational research and development projects are not achieving their full potential; much of their material is of little or no practical utility, and much that is of value is not well disseminated or is not readily available. The National Institute of Education might improve the quality of research and development by: (1)…

  12. Federal Public Policy and the Education of American Indian Exceptional Children and Youth: Current Status and Future Directions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez, Bruce A.

    Reviewing enrollment trends in federal, public, and tribally controlled schools, this report examines progress in the education of American Indian handicapped children since the passage in 1975 of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. The first section provides numbers of Indian handicapped and gifted and talented children receiving…

  13. The Federal Role in Early Childhood Education: Evolution in the Goals, Governance, and Policy Instruments of Project Head Start

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalifeh, Phyllis; Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Grass, Saralyn

    2011-01-01

    The authors analyze bills, congressional records, agency reports, and newspaper articles to trace the evolution of Project Head Start, by far the nation's largest federal early childhood program, beginning with the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. Their analysis is organized around the policy goals embedded in the program and the governance…

  14. Hearing on the Proper Federal Role in Education Policy. Hearing before the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session (January 12, 1995).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities.

    This document records the proceedings of a Congressional hearing on the role of the federal government in education policy. Statements are provided by Richard Riley (Secretary of Education), Bret Schundler (Mayor, Jersey City, New Jersey), Tommy Thompson (Governor, Wisconsin), and Representatives, William L. Clay (Missouri), William F. Goodling…

  15. Federal Student Aid Programs: A Briefing Paper on Impacts and Policy Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linney, Thomas; Ross, Kathleen

    The history and development of federal student aid policies for higher education are examined in this paper, along with how current policy affects institutions at the campus level, and current and future policy options from which federal and institutional policies will be drawn. The historical analysis concerns the initial federal policy after…

  16. The New Politics of Education: Analyzing the Federal Education Policy Landscape in the Post-NCLB Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBray-Pelot, Elizabeth; McGuinn, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    This article develops a framework, drawn from earlier work by education scholars, as well as broader theoretical insights on advocacy and policymaking developed by political scientists, for thinking about education politics in the post-No Child Left Behind era. The authors use this framework to examine the evolution of the national education…

  17. IDEA 1997: Implications for Secondary Education and Transition Services. Policy Update: Summarizing Recent Laws and Federal Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center on Secondary Education and Transition, Minneapolis, MN.

    In 1997, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was reauthorized and new regulations took effect May 11, 1999. Several sections of the regulations pertain to the transition of students with disabilities from school to adult life. This policy update presents the regulatory language and describes potential implications in 11 areas…

  18. Single-Gender Public Education and Federal Policy: Implications of Gender-Based School Reforms in Philadelphia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friend, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    Parochial and private schools in the United States have maintained opportunities for students to attend same-gender settings without interference from policies governing public education. The gender composition and curriculum of public schools, however, have been influenced by societal regulations and expectations that have often utilized…

  19. Federal Funding for Students with Disabilities: The Evolution of Federal Special Education Finance in the United States. New America Education Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCann, Clare

    2014-01-01

    Nearly 6.5 million students in the United States ages 3 through 21 are currently classified as requiring special education. Those students have physical, developmental, and emotional disabilities that make educational endeavors more challenging for teachers, administrators, and the students themselves. Yet historically, the needs of special…

  20. Systemic Educational Policy. Education Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clune, William H.

    Issues in systemic educational policy are discussed in this paper, with a focus on improving student achievement. First, the limitations of the current educational policy as a means to improve student achievement are described, and a conceptual framework for systemic educational policy is presented. The advantages and disadvantages of centralized…

  1. Science and Mathematics Education. Education Policy White Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilpatrick, Jeremy, Ed.; Quinn, Helen, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    Not since the launch of the Soviet Sputnik satellite spurred the federal government to begin investing in science and mathematics education through the National Defense Education Act have these two areas of the school curriculum been so high on state and federal policy agendas. Policy makers, business leaders, educators, and the media again worry…

  2. Federal Policies in Barrier Island Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, H. Crane

    1980-01-01

    Current federal policy towards barrier islands is ambivalent, both favoring and regulating development. Alternate policies are presently being examined by Congress and the Department of Interior. Several of these options are discussed in this article. (WB)

  3. Policies and Programs of the Office of Indian Education. Oversight Hearing To Review the Programs of the Principal Recipient of Federal Funds for Indian Education, the Department of Education. Hearing before the Select Committee on Indian Affairs. United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, First Session (October 27, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs.

    This document contains the text of a Senate hearing to review policies and programs of the Office of Indian Education, and other federal Indian programs. Testimony is offered on the status of Indian education, federal regulations and allocations, Impact Aid, adult and vocational education, vocational rehabilitation, science improvement, and…

  4. International Student Access to U.S. Higher Education since World War II: How NAFSA (Association of International Educators) Has Influenced Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miyokawa, Norifumi

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation is a study of the policy process behind the legislation and regulation governing international student access to U.S. higher education since the immediate aftermath of World War II. The particular research focus of this dissertation is on NAFSA: Association of International Educators (originally established as the National…

  5. A Scale Analysis of the Effects of US Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pandya, Jessica Zacher

    2012-01-01

    In this essay I argue that the effects of federal policy can be examined through a scale analysis that helps deconstruct the effect of the current widespread accountability movement in the US educational system. I first discuss the concept of scale, including its thus-far limited use in educational research. I define scales not only as…

  6. Intercultural Policies and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goncalves, Susana, Ed.; Carpenter, Markus A., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Intercultural Policies and Education is concerned with educational challenges in multicultural societies. Educational policies, practices and strategies for fruitful coexistence in the multicultural school and classroom are explored and analysed through a collection of chapters designed and selected to provide readers with international,…

  7. Adult Continuing Education and the Federal Advisory Committees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera, William M.; DeSanctis, Vincent

    1981-01-01

    The lay citizen Federal Advisory Committees (FACs) appear to be playing a recognized role in federal policy advisement, fulfilling one of the tenets of adult education: citizen participation. The 21 education FACs, particularly the 11 adult-education related ones, deserve the attention of adult educators. (SK)

  8. International Air Transport and Federal Policy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Binder, R. H.

    1972-01-01

    The Federal policy which establishes guidelines for future U.S. participation in the international air transportation industry is discussed. The policy issues discussed include the following: (1) aircraft hijacking, both foreign and domestic, (2) relationship of scheduled services and charter services, (3) capacity problems, and (4) rate regulation.

  9. Federal Financing of Indian Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loon, Eric Van

    Since over 200 million Federal dollars are disbursed annually for American Indian education under Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I, Indian Education Act Title IV, and Johnson O'Malley programs, it is difficult to understand the dismal state of Indian education. However, factors contributing to abuse of…

  10. Wyoming Career and Technical Education Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MPR Associates, Inc., 2009

    2009-01-01

    This policy analysis was produced for the Wyoming Department of Administration and Information by MPR Associates, Inc. Its purpose was to examine federal and state policy related to career and technical education (CTE) to determine whether existing policy (in the form of statutes, rules, regulations, and guidance) could either promote or impede…

  11. Cumulative Effects of Federal Education Policies on Schools and Districts. Summary Report of a Congressionally Mandated Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapp, Michael S.; And Others

    Drawing data from 20 school districts in 8 states, this study assessed the collective impact of federal categorical programs and related civil rights mandates on 6 problem areas in local school districts. Interviews with a variety of respondents in local districts focused on the federal laws' effects on instructional services for target students,…

  12. "But what is the object of educating these children, if it costs their lives to educate them?": federal Indian education policy in western Canada in the late 1800s.

    PubMed

    Enns, Richard A

    2009-01-01

    Debates in the Canadian House of Commons in the last two decades of the nineteenth century revealed persistent differences between the Conservatives and the Liberals over federal Indian education policy and the administration of industrial schools. Until their defeat in 1896, the Conservatives supported a denominational industrial school system and a policy of rapid assimilation. The Liberals generally opposed denominational schools and believed the industrial school system was too costly and was not leading to rapid assimilation. After gaining power, the Liberals stopped construction of industrial schools in favour of boarding and day schools, but denominational influence remained strong. The Conservative emphasis on assimilation was replaced by measures that supported reserve-based segregation as earlier hopes for rapid assimilation diminished. Despite policy differences, neither the Conservatives nor the Liberals held Aboriginal cultures in high regard, and debates regarding the means and intent of Indian education played out against well-known, high mortality rates and often abysmal conditions in the schools. PMID:20715327

  13. Streamlining Federal Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mockler, John B.; Birdsall, Peter

    1983-01-01

    Proposes a way to streamline federal categorical program management while maintaining equity and equality. The proposal has three components: (1) incentives to state governments to adopt programs that meet federal objectives; (2) schoolwide coordination of programs; and (3) waivers from categorical program requirements under certain conditions.…

  14. Rural Education: The Federal Response.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minter, Thomas K.

    Increased Department of Education (ED) interest in rural education has been part of the awakening of federal concern for rural American issues. In response to a 1979 Presidential mandate to define and address the needs of rural America, the ED has identified basic problems of rural education that lend themselves to solution by the federal…

  15. Current Topics In STEM Education Policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glembo, Tyler

    2015-04-01

    The role of the federal government in education is a hotly debated topic in Congress, causing education to become deeply embedded in politics. Federal funding of education, although covering only about ten percent of total cost, has large impact in the classroom, from testing standards to low interest student loans. This talk will examine the current landscape in physics education including issues facing the community at a national/federal level and also legislation such as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. We will also examine how stakeholders can develop effective messages and participate in discussions with policy makers.

  16. Priorities for Federal Education Statistics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murnane, Richard J.

    The paper suggests priorities for the federal government's elementary and secondary education data collection efforts. Sections on outputs, inputs, and private schools describe what data is needed, what is already available, and what is recommended for data collection. Recommendations include a high priority for federal funding for the National…

  17. When Research Matters: How Scholarship Influences Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "When Research Matters" considers the complex and crucially important relationship between education research and policy. In examining how and under what conditions research affects education policy, the book focuses on a number of critical issues: the history of the federal role in education policy; the evolving nature of educational policy…

  18. Education Policy Analysis 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

    This volume is the companion to the 1997 collection of international education indicators from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), "Education at a Glance--OECD Indicators." It aims to deepen the analysis of current policy issues and facilitate interpretation of data using selected indicators of particular relevance to…

  19. Assessment and Educational Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Virginia B.

    1975-01-01

    Because of increased access of postsecondary education in the 1950's and 1960's, higher education cost analysis gained importance. Attempts have been made to develop a standard unit cost, but it is hard to see unit cost accounting by itself as a valuable tool for public accountability or policy making. For these purposes a cost-effectiveness ratio…

  20. 75 FR 29744 - Federal Pell Grant, Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, Federal Supplemental Educational...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.... Department of Education. ACTION: Notice of revision of the Federal Need Analysis Methodology for the 2011... the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA). An EFC is the amount a student and his or...

  1. Federalization of Education in Chihuahua

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marak, Andrae M.

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the politics behind the initial centralization of primary education in Chihuahua, Mexico during the 1920s and 1930s. The article argues that the centralization of primary education was one of many tools used by the federal government to consolidate its power in the wake of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1917) and create a…

  2. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or Agency. 97.103 Section 97.103 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection...

  3. Evaluating Federal Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Eva L., Ed.

    A series of papers was developed by the authors as part of their deliberations as members of the National Research Council's Committee of Program Evaluation in Education. The papers provide a broad range of present evaluative thinking. The conflict between preferences in evaluation methodology comes through in these papers. The selections include:…

  4. Advocating for Ethnographic Work in Early Childhood Federal Policy: Problems and Possibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adair, Jennifer Keys

    2011-01-01

    Initiated as part of the Council on Anthropology and Education's Policy Engagement Working Group, the policy brief "Ethnographic Knowledge For Early Childhood" focused on making the case for ethnography as evidence within early childhood federal policy. This article describes the creation and distribution of the policy brief as well as the…

  5. Every Student Counts: The Role of Federal Policy in Improving Graduation Rate Accountability. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richmond, Eric

    2009-01-01

    As the poor performance of U.S. high schools has been acknowledged and come to the forefront of education policy debates over the past several years, so too has a recognition of the need to improve graduation rate calculations and accountability for increasing those rates. A range of state, national, and federal efforts have been launched toward…

  6. Reagan Conservatism and Hawke Socialism: Whither the Differences in the Education Policies of the U.S. and Australian Federal Governments?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smart, Don

    The Hawke Labor government in Australia, elected in 1983, conforms to a well-defined international trend away from stong public support for education and welfare spending. This paper focuses on the education policies of the Hawke government and compares them with those of the previous Fraser government and with those of the Reagan administration…

  7. 75 FR 22757 - Federal Advisory Committee; Army Education Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Army Education Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal... renewing the charter for the Army Education Advisory Committee (hereafter referred to as the Committee... include the U.S. Army's joint professional military education programs, educational policies,...

  8. Legal Forum: The Changing Federal Role in Bilingual Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, Martha M.

    1986-01-01

    Presents a brief overview of historical developments and recent activity regarding the federal government's policy toward bilingual education. Focuses mainly on the Supreme Court's Lau v. Vichols decision of 1974, which lent support to bilingual education, and the Reagan Administration's challenges to current funding practices for such education.…

  9. The Expanding Federal Role in Teacher Workforce Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Superfine, Benjamin M.; Gottlieb, Jessica J.; Smylie, Mark A.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the recent expansion of the federal role into teacher workforce policy, primarily as embodied by the Race to the Top Fund of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Such recent federal teacher workforce policy reflects an important expansion of the federal role into a policy domain that deserves more attention. The…

  10. Seeing beyond Silos: How State Education Agencies Spend Federal Education Dollars and Why

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Historically, state departments of education, or SEAs, have--for the most part--been compliance-focused organizations that managed federal education policy. Over the past several decades, these agencies have been education policy implementation entities. Today, while their compliance responsibilities have remained, they are taking on more…

  11. Handbook of Education Policy Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sykes, Gary, Ed.; Schneider, Barbara, Ed.; Plank, David N., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    Educational policy continues to be of major concern. Policy debates about economic growth and national competitiveness, for example, commonly focus on the importance of human capital and a highly educated workforce. Defining the theoretical boundaries and methodological approaches of education policy research are the two primary themes of this…

  12. The Federal Role in Postsecondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgkinson, Virginia A.

    The federal role in postsecondary education since 1787 is traced. Attention is directed to the types of indirect federal support toward postsecondary education until the first Higher Education Act of 1965, and the kinds of national priorities served by the current federal role in postsecondary education. Future projections and the implications of…

  13. Sexual Violence on the College Campus: A Template for Compliance with Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, Patricia Pasky

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The author introduces a template, the Model Policy for the Prevention and Response to Sexual Assault, to assist institutions of higher education to benchmark campus policy compliance with federal laws directed at sexual assault. The author presents a detailed review of policy criteria recommended by the National Institute of Justice.…

  14. It's Not Your Mother and Father's Monetary Policy Anymore: The Federal Reserve and Financial Crisis Relief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Andrew T.; Wood, William C.

    2011-01-01

    The recent financial crisis brought about dramatic changes in the way that the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank, conducts monetary policy. One challenge for high school educators going forward will be to strike a balance between the teaching of traditional monetary policy and the teaching of the monetary policy used during these…

  15. ABE Program Administrators' Perceptions of the Impact of Selected Federal Policies on Their Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Ursula

    2010-01-01

    Adult education has historically been called to serve as a means to an end in promoting federal and social policy. As such, adult education seems to be shaped by current trends and national needs. Most recent, are the work-first policies of the 1990s. This qualitative case study explored ABE program administrators' perceptions of the impact of…

  16. 75 FR 12217 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-15

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant programs... Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG... Administrator, 2020 Company, LLC, 3110 Fairview Park Drive, Suite 950, Falls Church, VA 22042. 3. The...

  17. 76 FR 5787 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Programs... Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG.... The Work Colleges Program The Work Colleges September 30, Report of 2010-2011 award Program Report...

  18. Politics and Support of Education at the Federal Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curley, John R.

    1986-01-01

    Characterizes federal support for education as a political process involving Congress, the president, special interest groups, program administrators, and the general public. Examines policy shifts from bipartisan congressional leadership in the late 1940s through John Kennedy's advocacy of federal aid and Ronald Reagan's endorsement of state and…

  19. Revolution or Backlash? The Mediatisation of Education Policy in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hattam, Robert; Prosser, Brenton; Brady, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    Recent scholarship has identified the emergence of a new modality of policy work: the mediatisation of policy. This paper provides an Australian case study which reports on the tactics of an Australian Federal Minister of Education and a media commentator who both engaged in public pedagogical work for the purpose of spinning education policy. In…

  20. Policy Review on Adult Learning: The Adult Non-Formal Education Policy of Mali, West Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadio, Moussa

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on the issue of policy development for adult learning in Mali, West Africa. On January 2007, the Malian government adopted the "Adult Non-formal Education Policy Document," which was intended to regulate the adult learning sector and federate the actions of policy makers, adult education providers, and adult learners. The…

  1. Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2003 and 2004. Public Policy Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2003

    2003-01-01

    This paper is the seventh in a biennial series summarizing state and federal public policy issues affecting higher education. The purpose is to provide board members and other higher education officials with brief descriptions of the most important public policy issues. In one way or another, most of the public policy issues cited in this paper…

  2. The Roles of State Departments of Education As Policy Intermediaries: Two Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamann, Edmund T.; Lane, Brett

    2004-01-01

    As the variety of state education agency (SEA) responses to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 demonstrates, different SEAs interpret the same federal educational policy differently. Nonetheless, little research has depicted how federal policies are changed by SEA-based policy intermediaries. Using an "ethnography of educational policy"…

  3. Language Policy and Bilingual Education in Arizona and Washington State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Eric J.; Johnson, David Cassels

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we compare the bilingual/language education policies of Arizona and Washington to show that state-level language policy plays a critical role in shaping the appropriation of federal language policy [No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), Title III] and how different state-level language policies impact the district level of policy…

  4. Giving Every Student Access to Excellent Teachers: A Vision for Focusing Federal Investments in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for American Progress, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Despite constraints on federal resources and authority in education policy, the federal government has a pivotal role to play in identifying a compelling, high-impact focal point that aligns policy priorities at the federal, state, and local levels. The federal government could play a critical role in expanding students' access to excellent…

  5. Educational Accountability and Policy Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonnell, Lorraine M.

    2013-01-01

    Over the past 30 years, accountability policies have become more prominent in public K-12 education and have changed how teaching and learning are organized. It is less clear the extent to which these policies have altered the politics of education. This article begins to address that question through the lens of policy feedback. It identifies…

  6. Politics of Education at the Federal Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sroufe, Gerald E.

    1994-01-01

    The federal government has had a small role in financing education since the adoption of the Constitution. The federal politics of education should be studied because such study illustrates and furthers conceptual analysis, information is abundant and accessible, the federal politics of education represents a singular set of institutions, and the…

  7. Health Policy Formulation on a Federal Level, Process and Substance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stambler, Moses

    Factors which influence the federal government's policy toward health care include cost, technology, social values, federalism, interest group politics, increased federal involvement, and the current utilitarian attitude toward research. The interaction of these factors results in a complex process of policy formation. For example, when the…

  8. Local-State-Federal Education Relationships: Issues Regarding Block Grants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Kenneth H.

    This paper poses and responds to 10 questions about the policy issues affecting state education agencies raised by the federal government's plans to reduce expenditures for education and to consolidate several categorical aid programs into two major block grants. These 10 questions focus on the shifting relationships among and responsibilities of…

  9. Education for the Handicapped: What Is the Appropriate Federal Role?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IFG Policy Notes, 1981

    1981-01-01

    This series of short articles discusses two separate educational policy issues: the federal role in education for the handicapped and tuition tax credits. Concerning the first issue, the document discusses the background of P.L. 94-142 and its first 5 years, concluding that, although accomplishments are impressive, there are still difficulties in…

  10. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Gene V., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This document consists of the 2000 edition of the "Education Policy Analysis Archives." The papers include: (1) "Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: A Review of State Policy Evidence" (Linda Darling-Hammond); (2) "America Y2K: The Obsolescence of Educational Reforms" (Sherman Dorn); (3) "Forces for Change in Mathematics Education: The Case of…

  11. Federal Student Aid Policy: Can We Learn from Experience? Proceedings of the New York Education Policy Seminar (3rd, Albany, New York, October 1985). [and Discussant Comments]. Rockefeller Institute Conference Proceedings, Number 7, Spring 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, Michael S.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    This paper examines the problem of determining how effective student aid programs have been in promoting the college enrollment of lower income and disadvantaged students and analyzes the institutional means through which federal aid policies have been implemented. The importance of considering the key role of state and institutional responses to…

  12. Toward a new Federal policy for technology: The outline emerges

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Logsdon, J. M.

    1972-01-01

    The development is traced of a new federal policy for the support and use of technology. The premises underlying such a policy and forecasts likely future developments are analyzed. The first Presidential message on science and technology is included.

  13. 77 FR 4547 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-30

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Programs... requests and documents from postsecondary institutions for the Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study... 22042-4548. 3. The Work Colleges Program Report of The Work Colleges Program October 1, 2012....

  14. 78 FR 14776 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Programs... requests and documents from postsecondary institutions for the Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study..., Suite 800, Falls Church, VA 22042- 4548. 3. The Work Colleges Program Report of The Work...

  15. Federal Information Policy and Access to Web-based Federal Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bruce; Fraser, Bruce T.; McClure, Charles R.

    2000-01-01

    Considers selected policy instruments related to federal agencies' deployment of information in a Web environment in terms of five key policy areas: access, security, privacy, intellectual property, and records management. Suggests that there are a significant number of policy instruments affecting federal Web site development. Identifies the need…

  16. Science Education & Advocacy: Tools to Support Better Education Policies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Donnell, Christine; Cunningham, B.; Hehn, J. G.

    2014-01-01

    Education is strongly affected by federal and local policies, such as testing requirements and program funding, and many scientists and science teachers are increasingly interested in becoming more engaged with the policy process. To address this need, I worked with the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) --- a professional membership society of scientists and science teachers that is dedicated to enhancing the understanding and appreciation of physics through teaching --- to create advocacy tools for its members to use, including one-page leave-behinds, guides for meeting with policymakers, and strategies for framing issues. In addition, I developed a general tutorial to aid AAPT members in developing effective advocacy strategies to support better education policies. This work was done through the Society for Physics Students (SPS) Internship program, which provides a range of opportunities for undergraduates, including research, education and public outreach, and public policy. In this presentation, I summarize these new advocacy tools and their application to astronomy education issues.

  17. Understanding the Relationship of Federal Policies and Community Colleges: A Proposed Analytical Policy Framework.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovell, Cheryl D.

    2000-01-01

    Describes a study of two community colleges and ten community college administrators to determine whether federal policies had influence on these institutions. Proposes a new policy framework, based on the findings, with five dimensions: (1) federal research support; (2) federal tax laws; (3) federal student financial aid; (4) funded mandates; and…

  18. Proceedings, Conference on Public Policy and Education: The Making of Policy. Case Study: The Impact of Office of Civil Rights Rulings on Local Policy Making in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lachman, Seymour P., Ed.

    This document presents an overview of issues concerning the relationship between Federal, State, and local governments in education, the impact of Office of Civil Rights' (OCR) rulings on educational policy-making in New York City, and views held by various individuals towards the impact of such rulings on local policy-making in education. Michael…

  19. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Gene V., Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This electronic journal covers a variety of issues related to educational policy. The 22 articles (issues) of Volume 5 analyze aspects of policy in the United States and other countries for elementary, secondary, and higher education. Articles include: (1) "Markets and Myths: Autonomy in Public and Private schools" (Glass); (2) "Where Have All the…

  20. Gifted Education Policy in Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsson, Yvonne

    1986-01-01

    An overview of Australian policy on the education of gifted and talented children is followed by analysis of specific state and territorial policies on definitions and programing. The need for community liaison meetings and adequate perservice and inservice teacher education is emphasized. (CL)

  1. The Federal Role in Educational R & D.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ornstein, Allan C.

    The federal mission in educational research from 1868, when the Department of Education was established, to 1954, was to collect statistics. In 1954 the Cooperative Research Act authorized the Commissioner of Education to finance research and demonstrations in education. Outside the Office of Education (OE), the National Science Foundation…

  2. Guidelines for Federal Aviation Administration Regional Aviation Education Coordinators and Aviation Education Facilitators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strickler, Mervin K., Jr.

    This publication is designed to provide both policy guidance and examples of how to work with various constituencies in planning and carrying out appropriate Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) aviation education activities. Information is provided on the history of aerospace/aviation education, FAA educational materials, aerospace/aviation…

  3. Procedures for Developing Policy for Nursery Schools and Day Care Centers: Educational Policy Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noonan, Roberta L.

    This investigation of educational policy for child care facilities identifies 18 areas of school operation that would benefit from written policy statements and suggests 6 procedures to use in formulating policy. Interviews with 6 child care center directors, a review of the literature, and a review of federal and state standards for child care,…

  4. Educational Policy Development for Nebraska: An Examination of Critical Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Thomas C.; Wendel, Frederick C.

    This monograph contains seminar papers concerning educational policy issues presented in Nebraska from 1972-1978. In the papers, recognized educational experts in the state react to substantive issues and follow up with a current status report. The issues discussed include networking to develop policy, accountability, federal involvement,…

  5. The Intersection of Policy, Reform, and Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiseman, Donna L.

    2012-01-01

    Policy affecting teacher education evolves from a wide range of sources, including public perceptions and attitudes, federal initiatives, current trends in public schools and higher education, the visions and whims of politicians, and the profession's own initiatives. No matter how it emerges, it is not unusual for policy ebbs and flows to result…

  6. The Ideological Architecture of Whiteness as Property in Educational Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aggarwal, Ujju

    2016-01-01

    In this article, I follow federal policy mandates and educational policy narratives to trace the resolution to inequality that was constructed post-"Brown v. Board of Education," and what this resolution might tell us about the reconstitution of the racial state despite the extension of universal civil rights. I examine how the…

  7. Teaching, Learning, and Leading: Preparing Teachers as Educational Policy Actors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heineke, Amy J.; Ryan, Ann Marie; Tocci, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Within the current federal, state, and local contexts of educational reform, teachers must be recognized as central actors in policy work, but rarely do we explicitly consider preparing teachers to become policy actors. Understanding these implications for teacher education, we investigate teacher candidates' learning of the complexity and…

  8. Federal Government Electronic Bulletin Boards: An Assessment with Policy Recommendations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

    1993-01-01

    Identifies and analyzes federal government electronic bulletin boards; assesses the types of information available to users, including costs and technological access issues; discusses federal information policy; and considers the role of federal bulletin boards in accessing and managing electronic government information. (Contains 29 references.)…

  9. Crafting Coherence from Complex Policy Messages: Educators' Perceptions of Special Education and Standards-Based Accountability Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Jennifer Lin; Bray, Laura E.

    2013-01-01

    Federal special education and accountability policies requires that educators individualize instruction for students with disabilities, while simultaneously ensuring that the vast majority of these students meet age-based grade-level standards and assessment targets. In this paper, we examine this dynamic interplay between policies through…

  10. The Sociomateriality of Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landri, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    By drawing on sociomaterial approaches to education, this paper presents a case study on the creation, development and consolidation of the education zone, a new policy space in South Italy. The topological reading of the case study reveals the complex reassemblage of humans and non-humans in the enactment of the education zones, and its multiple…

  11. Education Policy, Growth and Welfare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benos, Nikos

    2010-01-01

    The present paper studies the general equilibrium implications of two types of education policy in an overlapping generations model. We examine education transfers, which augment inherited private education spending, and public investment on economy-wide human capital, which provides externalities to individual human capital accumulation. The…

  12. Policy Issues in Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliver, Leonard P.

    1983-01-01

    States that adult educators in the United States, unlike their counterparts abroad, have not been key actors in influencing policy with adult education overtones at the national, state, or local levels. Discusses how adult educators can become more influential by applying concepts used by Warren Bennis to describe organizational health: sense of…

  13. Educational Aesthetics and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Ralph A.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author conceptualizes educational aesthetics in terms of two domains: educational aesthetics as arts education and educational aesthetics as a range of nonarts educational activities understood from artistic and aesthetic points of view. A lead is taken from Harry S. Broudy's midcentury essay "Some Duties of an Educational…

  14. Education Policies and Policy Making in Arizona: Report on a Survey of Education Policy Actors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawton, Stephen B.

    2011-01-01

    This study provides an objective look at the education policies adopted by the State of Arizona since 2000, describes participants in the policy-making process, and identifies policy options for the future. The framework of the study uses a typology of educational policies with seven categories: school building and facilities, curriculum…

  15. FEDERAL PROGRAMS FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BYSTROM, JOHN W.

    THE GROWTH AND PROGRESS OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION IS DESCRIBED. GRANTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF NONCOMMERCIAL TELEVISION (TV) BROADCASTING STATIONS (EDUCATIONAL TV FACILITIES ACT), GRANTS OF SURPLUS PROPERTY UNDER THE NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT HAVE AIDED THE GROWTH OF EDUCATIONAL TV. GREATER USE IS MADE OF EDUCATIONAL TV BECAUSE OF GREATER USE…

  16. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Gene V., Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This document consists of the 19 articles published in the Electronic Journal "Education Policy Analysis Archives" for the year 1996: (1) "The Achievement Crisis Is Real: A Review of 'The Manufactured Crisis'" (Lawrence C. Stedman); (2) "Staff Development Policy: Fuzzy Choices in an Imperfect Market" (Robert T. Stout); (3) "Making Molehills out of…

  17. Shaping the Education Policy Dialogue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Douglas E.; Crowson, Robert L.; Shipps, Dorothy

    2011-01-01

    One important hallmark of William Lowe Boyd's scholarship was his uncanny ability to identify and articulate changes in the key ideas that shape and reshape scholarly, professional, and public discussions of educational policy and politics. Whether one thinks about debates over centralization and decentralization of policy control, changes in…

  18. Connect Computer Education to Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimmelman, Paul

    1985-01-01

    The computer phenomenon has made rapid inroads into school curricula, often without proper board guidance or approval. Accordingly, this pamphlet discusses why and how computer education should be provided in schools and sets forth guidelines for school board policy regarding computers. An umbrella policy is proposed, defining "computer literacy"…

  19. Federal funding of health policy in Brazil: trends and challenges.

    PubMed

    Machado, Cristiani Vieira; Lima, Luciana Dias de; Andrade, Carla Lourenço Tavares de

    2014-01-01

    The article analyzes Federal funding of health policy in Brazil in the 2000s, focusing on the Ministry of Health's budget implementation. Federal spending on health was less unstable between 2000 and 2002 and has expanded since 2006. However, it fluctuated as a share of both the Gross Domestic Product and Gross National Revenue. Federal intergovernmental transfers increased, exceeding 70% in 2007. Meanwhile, the proportion of Federal investments remained low, varying from 3.4% to 6.3%. The highest absolute amount of spending was on specialized outpatient and hospital care. The decade showed a proportionally greater increase in spending on pharmaceutical care. The growing allocation of Federal funds to States in the North and Northeast, especially for primary care and epidemiological surveillance, failed to offset the sharp regional inequalities in per capita Federal spending. The main characteristics of health funding limit Federal health policy governance and pose several challenges for the Brazilian Unified National Health System. PMID:24627025

  20. Policy gridlock in waste management: Balancing federal and state concerns

    SciTech Connect

    Feldman, D.L.; Peretz, J.H.; Jendrucko, B.K.

    1993-12-31

    Current federal hazardous and low-level radioactive waste management policies fail to balance national concerns for policy consistency with state concerns for equity, discretion, and adequate resources. Failure to balance these competing values has resulted in {open_quotes}policy gridlock{close_quotes} - exemplified by conflicts over the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Acts. Both conflicts have resulted in recent U.S. Supreme Court litigation. After reviewing federal-state conflict in hazardous and low-level radioactive waste management, we propose that the solution to gridlock lies in modifying conjoint federalism. Conjoint federalism allows for joint responsibility for waste policy between federal and state governments, with state programs meeting minimum standards set by federal programs. However, conjoint federalism does not currently allow for sufficient state discretion, which is paramount for successful waste management programs. Specifically, Congress should expand conjoint federalism, to allow states to charge differential fees on imported hazardous waste as is done for low-level radioactive waste. This expansion would encourage waste minimization and better interstate planning.

  1. Changing Retirement Policies. Current Issues in Higher Education, 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.

    Changes in federal law regarding mandatory retirement policy, while not directly covering higher education until 1982, will have much earlier educational and financial impacts on colleges and universities. Educational decision-makers will modify their behavior in such areas as hiring and tenure decisions, retirement decisions, and faculty pay…

  2. Indian Education: Policy and Politics, 1972-1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Margaret S.

    1986-01-01

    From 1972 to 1982 the Canadian federal government made unilateral decisions about Indian education while purporting to accept the National Indian Brotherhood's policy document, "Indian Control of Indian Education." Examples include the government's handling of cuts in the noon lunch supplement program, educational services to off-reserve Indians,…

  3. Teachers' Organizations and Educational Policy: The Case of France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanner, Raymond E.

    1978-01-01

    Characterizes membership and policy-making role of the largest teachers' organization in France, the Federation de l'Education Nationale. It represents 44 specialized educational unions. It supports the socialist party but has identified itself with the traditional way of administering education in France. (Author/AV)

  4. Federal Aid to Elementary and Secondary Education: Premises, Effects, and Major Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manna, Paul

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to inform federal education policy by examining Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and two federal efforts to improve teacher quality, the Eisenhower Professional Development Program and the highly qualified teacher provisions of the No Child Left…

  5. Federal Accommodation Policy in Practice: Implications for a Substantive Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemmer, Lynn; Baker, Candace

    2011-01-01

    The design of governmental regulations creates an assumption that policy implementation is linear in nature and is unproblematic (Dorey, 2005). As states, local education agencies (LEAs), and eventually school leaders and teachers engage in the policy implementation process, it becomes evident that this hierarchal dissemination of policy results…

  6. Policy Implications of Education Informatics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carr, Jo Ann; O'Brien, Nancy P.

    2010-01-01

    Background/Context: This concluding article identifies the policy implications of education informatics and explores impacts of current copyright laws, legislative structures, publishing practices, and education organizations. Synthesizing the discussions in the preceding articles, this article highlights the importance of designing information…

  7. Empirical Findings and Educational Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotter, Ludwig

    1988-01-01

    Sketches relevant issues of the relationship between findings in the field of educational science and decisions to be taken in educational policy. Discusses possible interaction models, identifying factors relevant to their realization. States that the identification of factors determining the application of research findings remains an important…

  8. "Economics Imperialism", Education Policy and Educational Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allais, Stephanie

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines how economics imperialism (the increasing colonization of other disciplines by neoclassical economics) has affected contemporary education policies. I suggest that an increasing preoccupation with education meeting the needs of the economy, together with the prevalence of economic concepts outside of economics, have contributed…

  9. Federal Policy toward Youth Employment: An Historical and Political Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntire, James L.

    The development of Federal policies affecting youth employment has gone through five critical periods during the 20th century. The period began with the failure of child labor reformers to obtain Federal intervention in youth labor markets. The New Deal greatly enhanced a reversal of the trend. Development of the Great Society programs provided an…

  10. Federal Family and Disability Policy: Special Relevance for Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III; Stowe, Matthew J.; Agosta, John; Turnbull, Ann P.; Schrandt, M. Suzanne; Muller, John F.

    2007-01-01

    This article reviews federal policy affecting families who have children or adult members with disabilities, particularly but not exclusively developmental disabilities. It reviews the federal statutes and family-and-disability related decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court and the other courts. It then reviews the research on current family support…

  11. A Secondary Publisher's Views on Federal Information Policy: A Viewpoint.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landau, Herbert B.

    1988-01-01

    Attributes the acquisition of large segments of U.S. information services by foreign interests to the absence of a national information policy and the lack of federal support for the domestic information industry. Appropriate responses by the federal government are suggested. (4 references) (CLB)

  12. Fifty Years of Federal Teacher Policy: An Appraisal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sykes, Gary; Dibner, Kenne

    2009-01-01

    Federal policy directed to teaching and teachers is the subject of this review, which is organized around: (1) recruitment; (2) training; (3) accountability; (4) incentives; (5) qualifications; (6) class size reduction; (teacher working conditions; and (8) human resource management and the overall coordination of teacher policy. For each theme,…

  13. Policy Learning and Governance of Education Policy in the EU

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lange, Bettina; Alexiadou, Nafsika

    2010-01-01

    Open methods for coordinating (OMC) education policies in the EU rely on a number of techniques, one of which is policy learning. This article examines how policy learning and governance transform each other. More specifically, policy-learning in the education OMC becomes differentiated into four distinct learning styles: mutual, competitive,…

  14. Prioritizing Leadership: New Leaders' Federal Policy Platform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Leaders, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Principals are critical to the success of any school improvement effort--from increasing academic rigor toward college- and career-ready standards to teacher evaluation and support. They ensure this success by building a strong, shared vision and leading effective implementation for staff, students, and families. The federal government has an…

  15. Technology Assessment and Federal Information Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenbeis, Kathleen

    1988-01-01

    Describes the role and purpose of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) and its relationship to Congress. A chain of congressional activities is developed which links the major events within selected committees to the current OTA assessment of federal information dissemination, and issues and implications of this study are addressed. (14…

  16. Federal facility compliance: Strategies, policies and management

    SciTech Connect

    1999-07-01

    Federal Facility Compliance reviews developments in environmental legislative/regulatory analysis, climate change, and environmental management practices at the US Postal Service. It also covers the management of ozone-depleting chemicals at US Army Reserve facilities, Title 5, and wastewater system assessments at military installations.

  17. Democracy and the Unity of Culture: Cultural Policy during the Weimar Period and the Consequences for the Federal Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuhr, Christoph

    1985-01-01

    Many problems of educational policy are influenced by the distribution of tasks between the federal government and the Lander as prescribed by the German constitution. How the experiences of the Weimar Republic have affected education in the Federal Republic is shown through an analysis of constitutional history. (RM)

  18. The Federal Role in Nursing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdellah, Faye G.

    1987-01-01

    The author discusses the history of federal support for nursing education since the 1930s, including the recent establishment of the National Center for Nursing Research. She covers the future likelihood of funding cuts and strategies for retrenchment. (CH)

  19. Hoaxes in Educational Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravitch, Diane

    2014-01-01

    This article address the falsehoods regarding No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top legislation, the educational reformers' stance that schools are failing, the privatization movement in education, and the issues of technology in the schools. The importance of poverty is emphasized, although policymakers ignore it and advocate school…

  20. Reflections on Policy in Gifted Education: James J. Gallagher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Elissa F.; Garland, Rebecca B.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Brown and Garland, reflect on issues raised by James J. Gallagher, such as educational policies helping to create and support an infrastructure within which the needs of students can be addressed. Gallagher felt that a strong federal policy, such as IDEA, was critical to building and maintaining a solid infrastructure. Gallagher…

  1. Educational Turbulence: The Influence of Macro and Micro-Policy on Science Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Carla C.

    2013-01-01

    Enactment of federal educational policy has direct implications for states and local school districts across the nation, particularly in the areas of accountability and funding. This study utilized constructivist grounded theory to examine the impact of policy on science education reform in a large, urban school district over a 5-year period. The…

  2. In-State Tuition Policies under the Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act. ECS Education Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulton, Mary; Sponsler, Brian A.

    2015-01-01

    Ensuring access and affordability to a postsecondary education for veterans and their dependents has long been a focus of federal and state education policy. Developing policy to support educational attainment among these individuals has required state policymakers to address residency requirements for veterans to determine eligibility for…

  3. Civic Skills and Federal Policy. Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE), 2010

    2010-01-01

    Citizens can improve their communities, the government, and the nation through active civic engagement and collaboration. To do so requires skills. Educational programs and other government-supported initiatives have been shown to enhance Americans' civic skills and their levels of engagement. But these programs and other opportunities are scarce…

  4. Update on U.S. federal scientific integrity policies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2011-05-01

    U.S. federal science and technology departments and agencies need to provide draft scientific integrity plans to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) by 29 June, OSTP director John Holdren announced at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Forum on Science and Technology Policy on 5 May. In April, more than 30 executive branch departments, agencies, and offices submitted progress reports on the development of their scientific integrity policies, with a handful by that time providing draft or complete policies for review, according to a 5 May OSTP blog posting.

  5. The New Federalism: State Policies Regarding Embryonic Stem Cell Research.

    PubMed

    Acosta, Nefi D; Golub, Sidney H

    2016-09-01

    Stem cell policy in the United States is an amalgam of federal and state policies. The scientific development of human pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) triggered a contentious national stem cell policy debate during the administration of President George W. Bush. The Bush "compromise" that allowed federal funding to study only a very limited number of ESC derived cell lines did not satisfy either the researchers or the patient advocates who saw great medical potential being stifled. Neither more restrictive legislation nor expansion of federal funding proved politically possible and the federal impasse opened the door for a variety of state-based experiments. In 2004, California became the largest and most influential state venture into stem cell research by passing "Prop 71," a voter initiative that created a new stem cell agency and funded it with $3 billion. Several states followed suit with similar programs to protect the right of investigators to do stem cell research and in some cases to invest state funding in such projects. Other states devised legislation to restrict stem cell research and in five states, criminal penalties were included. Thus, the US stem cell policy is a patchwork of multiple, often conflicting, state and federal policies. PMID:27587447

  6. School-Age Parents: Federal Programs and Policies Relevant to Pregnant or Parenting Secondary Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Kristin A.

    Federal programs and policies that affect pregnant and parenting teenagers, particularly those programs that are of relevance to schools, are briefly described. The main categories of programs and legislation described are: (1) those bearing on teenage parents and education; (2) pre-school programs; (3) day care; (4) welfare; (5) social services;…

  7. Federal Income-Maintenance and Manpower Policy Related to a Selected Poverty Group in Mississippi.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Don Charles

    This study, while also surveying nationwide poverty, concentrated on the ability of Federal income maintenance and manpower policies to alleviate poverty in a selected Mississippi group. Over 3,200 Mississippi families were analyzed for family characteristics and household heads' educational, training, and employment status. Findings included the…

  8. Federal Legal Protections for Educators with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uerling, Donald F.

    2007-01-01

    Educators are generally aware that federal law protects persons with disabilities from unjustified discrimination, but they may not be familiar with the details of how these protections come into play when decisions are made about an individual's educational or employment opportunities. This article focuses on the protections that two federal…

  9. Globalisation, Transnational Policies and Adult Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milana, Marcella

    2012-01-01

    Globalisation, transnational policies and adult education--This paper examines policy documents produced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the European Union (EU) in the field of adult education and learning. Both these entities address adult education as an explicit object of policy. This paper…

  10. 300 Years of Canadian Indian Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dooner, Terrence

    1978-01-01

    Accenting the education policies of the Canadian government, this article discusses the European educational policy of Christianization as a prerequisite to civilization and education. The provincial or local legislature assumed jurisdictional responsibility for Indians until the 1972 Indian Control of Indian Education Policy Statement moved…

  11. Shaping Education Policy: Power and Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Douglas E., Ed.; Crowson, Robert L., Ed.; Shipps, Dorothy, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Shaping Education Policy" is a comprehensive overview of education politics and policy during the most turbulent and rapidly changing period in American history. Respected scholars review the history of education policy to explain the political powers and processes that shape education today. Chapters cover major themes that have influenced…

  12. Short-Circuiting the Bureaucracy: Policy Origins in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Hugh Davis

    The Great Society's secret task forces created by Lyndon Johnson, particularly in the case-study area of federal education policy, show the use and misuse of the task force device. Modern use of it began with John F. Kennedy. Although he used the task force device effectively sometimes, he did not use it effectively in his educational programs in…

  13. Sex Education in the United States: Policy and Politics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Journal of Health Education, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Examines the federal, state, and local policies that guide approaches to sex education in the United States today (comprehensive curricula versus abstinence only), examining recent research into community-level experiences and practices as well as emerging evidence about the effectiveness of different types of sex education curricula. (SM)

  14. State Policy Responses to Ensuring Excellent Educators in Rural Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gagnon, Douglas J.; Mattingly, Marybeth J.

    2015-01-01

    The Excellent Educators for All initiative is the most recent federal policy effort to address unequal access to teacher quality in the United States. States were required to submit equity plans to the U.S. Department of Education that detailed how to ensure that poor and minority children do not receive instruction from less qualified teachers.…

  15. Charter School Statutes and Special Education: Policy Answers or Policy Ambiguity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen M.; Lange, Cheryl M.

    2007-01-01

    Charter schools are a growing and evolving component of the public education sector. These schools may be exempt from state or local regulations, but they are part of the public system and subject to federal laws and many regulations. Research has documented policy tensions and basic challenges associated with developing special education programs…

  16. Educational Policy in Foreign Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Barbara, Ed.

    Five talks given at a seminar on educational policy in foreign countries are presented in this document. The first contends that while schools established for Americans abroad tend to be isolated from the local community for several reasons, opportunities for extended cultural interchange exist and should be used. The second examines the nature of…

  17. Educational Policy: Egalitarian or Elitist?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grossman, Herschel I.; Kim, Minseong

    This paper offers an explanation for observed differences across countries in educational policies and in resulting interpersonal distributions of human capital, analyzing a general-equilibrium model in which, as a result of differences in natural ability and nurturing, some people are initially well-endowed with human capital and some are…

  18. State Education Policy: Reporter Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wieder, Ben

    2014-01-01

    The education laws and policy decisions made in the state capitol might seem far removed from the realities of the schools, but their impact hits much closer to home than one might realize. Keeping track of those state debates as they occur is a good way to keep teachers, administrators, and local parents in-the-loop about changes that might be…

  19. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Gene V., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document consists of the 21 articles published in the electronic journal "Education Policy Analysis Archives" for the year 1996. The articles are: (1) "The Political Legacy of School Accountability Systems" (Sherman Dorn); (2) "Review of Stephen Arons's 'Short Route to Chaos'" (Charles L. Glenn); (3) "Planting Land Mines in Common Ground: A…

  20. Guiding Policy Principles for Higher Education. Policy Note. Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Group of Eight (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    The principal priorities for the Group of Eight (Go8) with regard to higher education policy are coherence and sustainability. Good public policy is based on principle and backed by evidence. This paper offers an interlinked set of principles for the development of higher education policy in Australia.

  1. Ethics in Distance Education: Developing Ethical Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gearhart, Deb

    2001-01-01

    Examines the changing world of education through distance education and discusses the need for ethics in distance education. Explains how to ethically develop policy for distance education, including Internet ethics, good practices guidelines, and involving faculty. (LRW)

  2. The Federal Policy Toward Language and Education: Pendulum or Progress? A Response to the de Kanter/Baker Review. Monograph No. 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernandez-Chavez, Eduardo; And Others

    A response to the de Kanter/Baker draft report, "The Effectiveness of Bilingual Education: A Review of the Literature," the monograph argues that: the report contains many misinterpretations of theoretical work in psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, and educational research and of the empirical evidence on the efficacy of second language…

  3. The Relationship between Applied Linguistic Research and Language Policy for Bilingual Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, David Cassels

    2010-01-01

    Currently, restrictive-language policies seem to threaten bilingual education throughout the USA. Anti-bilingual education initiatives have passed easily in California, Arizona, and Massachusetts, while one was closely defeated in Colorado, and federal education policy has re-invigorated the focus on English education for English language…

  4. Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 9, Number 16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    "Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Senate Committee Passes Education Appropriations Bill; (2) Upside Down: New Alliance Brief Says Federal Education Policy Needs…

  5. A literature review of the market effects of federal biofuel policy and recommendations for future policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayers, Alex Elgin

    The United States has had a federal biofuels policy since the 1970s. The purpose of this policy was to help the development of a biofuel industry during a time of high fuel prices in order to provide a domestic alternative to expensive foreign oil. Later the policy was changed to help lower the environmental impact caused by conventional fuels. Since that time the industry has grown and currently produces around 15 billion gallons of biofuels every year. The current federal biofuel policy is largely based on one program, the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), which mandates the production and blending of several different classes of biofuels and provides a form of subsidy to the biofuel industry. This paper examines the market effects of the federal biofuel policy and provides recommendations for improving the policy to counteract any negative effects. Federal biofuel policy has many far-reaching market effects. Some are easily calculable through expenditures and lost revenues, while others are harder to quantify because their full effects are not yet known. By evaluating these market effects, this paper will provide ample evidence that the federal biofuels policy needs to change, and will show what effects these changes could induce. The biofuels industry largely owes its existence to government policies, however as the research shows the industry can now stand on its own. This paper will examine what will happen if the federal policy is eliminated and what the future of the biofuels industry could hold. Based on these examinations, it is unlikely that the industry needs further government support and policies should be adjusted in light of this.

  6. Policies on Private Education: An Economics Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fengqiao, Yan

    2009-01-01

    Basic principles and analytical methods of economics are used to conduct a preliminary study of state policies for private education in China. It is evident that if public policy is to exert a positive effect on private education, the government must formulate policies at a higher level for private education and give equal attention to choice,…

  7. Policy and Practice in Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Ruth

    2007-01-01

    This article presents findings from a national study on doctoral education undertaken at a time of new government policies on funding of higher education and doctoral research in particular. The article discusses the overall policy developments in Australia and then examines the impact of policy on practice in doctoral education. Particular focus…

  8. Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis, University of Southern California, 2007

    2007-01-01

    "The Navigator" is a free newsletter published by the Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) focusing on directions and trends in higher education policy. The theme of this issue is: "Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations." The lead article, authored by CHEPA director William G. Tierney, describes CHEPA's study of the…

  9. Public Education and Multicultural Policy in Canada: The Special Case of Quebec

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghosh, Ratna

    2004-01-01

    Education is a provincial responsibility in Canada, but there is a sharing of expenditure and strong support of public education, health and other welfare programs between the provinces and the federal government. Although the federal policy of multiculturalism has been aimed at making Canada a "just" society, the implementation of this policy in…

  10. Federal Legislative Policy of the American Library Association.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Library Association, Chicago, IL. Legislation Committee.

    The American Library Association's policy on federal legislation is based on its objectives of promoting and improving library service and librarianship. Representing those who use libraries as well as those who operate them, the Association is a source of information on libraries and information services for those concerned with formulating and…

  11. Federal Freedom of Information Policy: Highlights of Recent Developments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Relyea, Harold C.

    2009-01-01

    For the Federal government of the United States, freedom of information policy is expressed in statutory law--the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), enacted in 1966, being the first such expression in this regard. Other transparency laws would follow. The FOIA, however, was legislated in the face of considerable opposition by the executive branch.…

  12. Reducing Childhood Obesity through U.S. Federal Policy

    PubMed Central

    Kristensen, Alyson H.; Flottemesch, Thomas J.; Maciosek, Michael V.; Jenson, Jennifer; Barclay, Gillian; Ashe, Marice; Sanchez, Eduardo J.; Story, Mary; Teutsch, Steven M.; Brownson, Ross C.

    2016-01-01

    Background Childhood obesity prevalence remains high in the U.S., especially among racial/ethnic minorities and low-income populations. Federal policy is important in improving public health given its broad reach. Information is needed about federal policies that could reduce childhood obesity rates and by how much. Purpose To estimate the impact of three federal policies on childhood obesity prevalence in 2032, after 20 years of implementation. Methods Criteria were used to select the three following policies to reduce childhood obesity from 26 recommended policies: afterschool physical activity programs, a $0.01/ounce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) excise tax, and a ban on child-directed fast food TV advertising. For each policy, the literature was reviewed from January 2000 through July 2012 to find evidence of effectiveness and create average effect sizes. In 2012, a Markov microsimulation model estimated each policy’s impact on diet or physical activity, and then BMI, in a simulated school-aged population in 2032. Results The microsimulation predicted that afterschool physical activity programs would reduce obesity the most among children aged 6–12 years (1.8 percentage points) and the advertising ban would reduce obesity the least (0.9 percentage points). The SSB excise tax would reduce obesity the most among adolescents aged 13–18 years (2.4 percentage points). All three policies would reduce obesity more among blacks and Hispanics than whites, with the SSB excise tax reducing obesity disparities the most. Conclusions All three policies would reduce childhood obesity prevalence by 2032. However, a national $0.01/ounce SSB excise tax is the best option. PMID:25175764

  13. Key State Education Policies on PK-12 Education: 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stillman, Laura; Blank, Rolf K.

    2009-01-01

    The Key State Education Policies on PK-12 Education is intended to inform policymakers and educators about the current status of key education policies that define and shape elementary and secondary education in public schools across the 50 states. The report is part of a continuing series by the Council's State Education Indicators program.…

  14. Removing the Roadblocks: How Federal Policy Can Cultivate Effective Teachers. Recommendations for the Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Given the tremendous impact teachers have on learning--they are the single most important school-based determinant of student achievement--the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) believes that no education improvement strategy states and districts take on is likely to have a greater impact than one which seeks to maximize teacher and…

  15. Pre-K & the Race to the Top: A Review of Early Education Proposals in States' Phase I Grant Applications. Federal Policy Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gayl, Chrisanne L.

    2010-01-01

    Over the past year, many national leaders have committed to reform education and reshape America's school system. With this goal in mind, the Obama administration created a competitive grant program entitled Race to the Top (RTTT), which was passed by Congress as a part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). RTTT features two grant…

  16. Partisanship and Ideology in the ESEA Reauthorization in the 106th and 107th Congresses: Foundations for the New Political Landscape of Federal Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBray, Elizabeth H.

    2005-01-01

    In January 2002, Republican President George W. Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, the reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965. The most conservative congressional Republicans, who opposed the bill's extensive new testing mandates and absence of school voucher provisions, were largely left out in…

  17. The Federal Role in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, T. H.

    This speech historically reviews what the federal role is, and what it ought to be, in terms of national priorities, and in terms of what is appropriate within national goals for the present and foreseeable future. Emphasis is placed on the GI Bill of Rights, the Higher Education Act of 1965, the Guaranteed Student Loan Program, and the State…

  18. International Education & the Federal Budget Cycle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Div. of International Education.

    The influence of the federal government budgetary process on international education programs is discussed, and information is provided to help persons who wish to have their views known to the decision-makers. Specific information is included on programs administered by the U.S. International Communication Agency (USICA) and the Department of…

  19. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act at 40: Equity, Accountability, and the Evolving Federal Role in Public Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Janet Y.; Brady, Kevin P.

    2005-01-01

    This chapter traces the legal, legislative, and political history of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Focusing attention on the various related educational reform movements, it discusses the federal role in education policy in the context of its influence on ESEA and the legislation's related amendments. Also, the authors examine…

  20. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Secretary, Department of Education PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this..., appropriate for the research in question, on file with the Office for Human Research Protections, HHS, or...

  1. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Secretary, Department of Education PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this..., appropriate for the research in question, on file with the Office for Human Research Protections, HHS, or...

  2. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted... Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or Agency. (a) Each institution...

  3. 34 CFR 97.103 - Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Assuring compliance with this policy-research conducted... Subjects (Basic ED Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects) § 97.103 Assuring compliance with this policy—research conducted or supported by any Federal Department or Agency. (a) Each institution...

  4. Arts Education Policy in Latin America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cristina De Couve, Alicia; Dal Pino, Claudia; Calvo, Diana Fernandez; Frega, Ana Lucia; Souza, Jusamara

    1998-01-01

    Highlights the various educational trends and policies in relation to arts education in the Latin American countries from the 16th to the 19th centuries. Summarizes the arts education policies in Latin American throughout the 20th century focusing on teaching in the arts and the role of educational research. (CMK)

  5. Europeanizing Education: Governing a New Policy Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawn, Martin; Grek, Sotiria

    2012-01-01

    The study of common and diverse effects in the field of education across Europe is a growing field of inquiry and research. It is the result of many actions, networks and programmes over the last few decades and the development of common European education policies. "Europeanizing Education" describes the origins of European education policy, as…

  6. Special Education 2000 Policy: Our Leaky Home?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The Ministry of Education's special education policy (commonly referred to as SE2000) has been progressively implemented since 1996. Although it is a funding rather than a professional-practice policy, it has had some negative and unintended consequences for the practice of educational psychology, for special education and it is suggested, for…

  7. Language Policy, Politics, and Diversity in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Terrence G.; Garcia, David R.; Danzig, Arnold B.; Stigler, Monica L.

    2014-01-01

    "Review of Research in Education: Vol. 38, Language Policy, Politics, and Diversity in Education" explores the role of educational language policies in promoting education as a human right. There are an estimated nearly 7,000 living languages in the world. Yet, despite the extent of language diversity, only a small number of the…

  8. Equal Educational Opportunity and the New Federalism: A Look Backward and Forward.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salomone, Rosemary C.

    1982-01-01

    Explores the evolution of equal educational opportunity from legal, historical, philosophical, and policy perspectives. Suggests how the goals of equal education may be pursued under "new federalism" and current economic decline, and describes the role that State legislatures and departments of education must play. (Author/GC)

  9. Congress and the Executive Branch: The Struggle for Policy Control in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Richard Dallas

    The struggle between Congress and the executive branch for control of policy in education has created a complex set of organizations, rules, and forces affecting federal policy on education. This struggle has caused Congress to overreact by becoming heavily involved in policy implementation and, to a great degree, has witnessed the executive…

  10. Recent Trends in Intergovernmental Relations: The Resurgence of Local Actors in Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Julie A.; Wohlstetter, Priscilla

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, the authors explore trends in intergovernmental relations (IGR) by analyzing recent education policies--No Child Left Behind Act, Common Core State Standards, and local empowerment policies. Identifying a resurgent role for local actors in education policy, the authors argue that recent federal efforts to exert more control have in…

  11. 76 FR 56227 - Publication of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) Policy Letter 11-01, Performance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ... BUDGET Office of Federal Procurement Policy Publication of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP... the requirements of the President's Memorandum and section 321 (75 FR 16188-97). The proposed policy... letter was published in the Federal Register on March 31, 2010 (75 FR 16188-97) for public comment....

  12. Tobacco control in the Russian Federation- a policy analysis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The Russian Federation (Russia) has one of the highest smoking rates in the world. The purpose of this study is to analyze past and current trends of the tobacco epidemic in the Russian Federation, review current tobacco control policy responses, and identify areas of opportunity for policy priorities. Methods We used a policy triangle as analytical framework to examine content, context, and processes of Russian tobacco control policy. The analysis was based on secondary data on supply and demand sides of the Russian tobacco epidemic, tobacco-related economic and health effects during Russia’s economic transition, and compliance of Russian tobacco policy with international standards and regulations. Results Tobacco-promoting strategies have specifically targeted women and youth. Russia’s approval of a “National Tobacco Control Concept” and draft for a comprehensive tobacco control bill increasingly align national legislature with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). However, several structural and cultural factors represent substantial barriers to the policy process. The influence of transnational tobacco companies on policy processes in Russia has so far impeded a full implementation of the FCTC mandates. Conclusions Several strategies have been identified as having the potential to reduce the prevalence of tobacco use in Russia and decrease tobacco-related national health and economic burden: adjusting national tobacco policy by raising tobacco tax from the current lowest level in Europe to at least 70%; consequent enforcement of a complete smoking ban in public places; marketing restrictions; and smoking cessation interventions integrated into primary care. Russia’s tobacco control efforts need to target women and youths specifically to efficiently counter industry efforts. PMID:23339756

  13. Report on Indian Education--Task Force Five: Indian Education--Final Report to the American Indian Policy Review Commission.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheirbeck, Helen Maynor; And Others

    The report of the Task Force on Indian Education to the American Indian Policy Review Commission delineates the interweaving of past policies and practices with present needs and concerns of Indian education. Reviewing 400 years of Indian education, the report was compiled from federal, state, local, and private records, public hearings,…

  14. Effects of federal legislation on wellness policy formation in school districts in the United States.

    PubMed

    Longley, Carol Heard; Sneed, Jeannie

    2009-01-01

    The Reauthorization Act of 2004 required local education agencies sponsoring school meal programs to establish a wellness policy by the beginning of school year 2006-2007. The purpose of this study was to examine the process and outcome of wellness policy development in school districts. Phase 1 examined states' school nutrition legislation. Phase 2 consisted of qualitative interviews with foodservice directors. Phase 3 utilized an e-mail and mail survey. The sampling frame was a stratified random sample selected from medium-sized or larger schools (n=847). Factor analysis was conducted with Cronbach's alpha. Correlations tested relationships among variables using analysis of variance with Tukey's post hoc test. Before the federal mandate, few wellness components (37.4%) were in place for foodservice outside of the federally regulated meal program. Following the legislation, 72.4% of the wellness components were in place. Nutrition components were the variables that changed the most and were reported as the components most frequently implemented. Changes particularly noted in foodservice operations were the use of nutrition guidelines for a la carte foods, beverages, fundraisers, parties, and vending. Foodservice directors noted improvements in nutrition education and physical education. Foodservice directors reported less progress in the implementation and monitoring of the wellness policy than in the development of the policy. The top barriers to wellness policy development and implementation were the need to use food in fundraising and competition for time. PMID:19103328

  15. Education Policy: Explaining, Framing and Forming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Paul

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a new heuristic device for the analysis of educational policy. Through an examination of the Evaluative State and the work of Brian Fay, the paper considers the way in which educational policy is subject to rational and linear forms of policy action and implementation. To counter this, positioning theory is deployed to consider…

  16. Language Policies in Education: Critical Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tollefson, James W., Ed.

    This collection of papers examines how language policies in education serve the interests of dominant groups within societies, how policies marginalize some students while granting privilege to others, how language policies in schools create inequalities among learners, and how schools can further the educational, social, and economic interests of…

  17. Policy Inroads Undermining Women in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Catherine; Young, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    Over the last decades, policy trends have differentially and negatively affected women educators, defied, denied or repressed feminist values and missed opportunities for using feminist insights to reframe policy issues. This article provides a critical feminist analysis of educational and social policies with negative implications for women in…

  18. Top 10 Higher Education State Policy Issues for 2011. Policy Matters: A Higher Education Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Presented here are the top 10 issues most likely to affect public higher education across the 50 states in 2011, in the view of the state policy staff at the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU). This listing is informed by an environmental scan of the economic, political and policy landscape surrounding public higher…

  19. States Change Policies with Eye to Winning Federal Grants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2010-01-01

    As governors and state legislators gear up for a new year of budget action and policymaking, the federal Race to the Top competition is helping drive a flurry of measures nationwide aimed, at least in part, at making states stronger candidates for a slice of the $4 billion in education grants. Those efforts emerge as a priority in the 2010…

  20. General Historical Survey of Federal Indian Policies. Chapter II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockman, W. H.

    This paper summarizes the history of North America, especially of the United States, from the earliest explorations and settlements through the present. Emphasis is placed on the Europeans' effect on American Indian life and the inadequate development of Indian education. Comparisons are made between the various colonizers' Indian policies before…

  1. Analyzing Educational Policies: A Learning Design Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobb, Paul; Jackson, Kara

    2012-01-01

    In this article we describe and illustrate an analytical perspective in which educational policies are viewed as designs for supporting learning. From the learning design perspective, a policy comprises 3 components that we term the what, how, and "why of policy": the goals for the learning of members of the group targeted by the policy, the…

  2. Impact of Physical Educators on Local School Wellness Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buns, Matthew T.; Thomas, Katherine T.

    2015-01-01

    The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 required school district officials to approve a local school wellness policy by July 2006, making this the first federal legislation requiring school district officials to establish a goal for physical activity and that could focus on physical education. The purpose of this study was to…

  3. Top Public Policy Issues for Higher Education: 2015-2016

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This is the 13th paper in the Association of Governing Boards (AGB's) series summarizing federal and state public policy issues affecting higher education. Governing boards, institutional and university-system leaders, and senior staffs will find it useful for board discussions and retreats and in formulating institutional responses to these…

  4. When Things Come Undone: The Promise of Dissembling Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koyama, Jill

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on the enactment of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the USA's broad sweeping federal education policy, in a persistently low-achieving school in which the majority of students are refugees and immigrants. Drawing on a 26-month ethnography, I reveal the ways in which a NCLB-guided school turnaround plan is enacted variably,…

  5. Making Sense of Music Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forari, Antonia

    2007-01-01

    This article looks at the way music education policy is realised in three curriculum contexts: the formation of the official music curriculum, its implementation by music teachers and its reception by students. Working from within the field of education policy studies, I have collected data on music education in Cyprus in order to explore what…

  6. Global Perspectives on Language Policy and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Ricardo L.

    A discussion of the link between a nation's goals and its language education policy looks at four kinds of language education policies reflecting national goals. The paper examines the language education systems of the Soviet Union and the Philippines for evidence of this link. The comparison reveals striking similarities between the systems,…

  7. Sociopolitical Influences on Federal Government Funding of Gifted and Talented and Bilingual Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casanova, Ursula; Chavez, Sheila

    1992-01-01

    Examines the influence of various sociopolitical factors on government policies in two federal programs, those for the gifted and talented and those for bilingual education. Traces the evolution of these programs and compares their backgrounds to determine the influences shaping federal funding and program implementation. (GLR)

  8. Taking Limited English Proficient Adults into Account in the Federal Adult Education Funding Formula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capps, Randy; Fix, Michael; McHugh, Margie; Lin, Serena Yi-Ying

    2009-01-01

    This new report by Migration Policy Institute's (MPI's) National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy examines the funding formula used to distribute Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Title II federal funds for adult education, literacy, and English as a Second Language instruction. Though all adults with limited English proficiency (LEP) are…

  9. Excellence in Education. The States Take Charge. American Enterprise Institute Studies in Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Denis P.; Hartle, Terry W.

    This book presents a brief description and analysis of the activity of State governments in making educational policy during the past two years. The following three trends are cited as important in the States' increased role: (1) increased State spending on education relative to Federal and local spending; (2) court ordered school finance reform…

  10. Affirmative Actions: Designing Educational Policies to Influence Educational Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golden, M. Patricia; And Others

    The paper focuses on the relationship between educational research and educational policy, specifically the influence that "affirmative actions" in the policy arena can have not only on the nature of educational research but also on the kinds of participants (e.g., minority persons and women) in the educational research enterprise. A description…