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Sample records for fiber laser based

  1. Tapered fiber based high power random laser.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hanwei; Du, Xueyuan; Zhou, Pu; Wang, Xiaolin; Xu, Xiaojun

    2016-04-18

    We propose a novel high power random fiber laser (RFL) based on tapered fiber. It can overcome the power scaling limitation of RFL while maintaining good beam quality to a certain extent. An output power of 26.5 W has been achieved in a half-open cavity with one kilometer long tapered fiber whose core diameter gradually changes from 8 μm to 20 μm. The steady-state light propagation equations have been modified by taking into account the effective core area to demonstrate the tapered RFL through numerical calculations. The numerical model effectively describes the power characteristics of the tapered fiber based RFL, and both the calculating and experimental results show higher power exporting potential compared with the conventional single mode RFL. PMID:27137338

  2. Laser jamming technique research based on combined fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jie, Xu; Shanghong, Zhao; Rui, Hou; Shengbao, Zhan; Lei, Shi; Jili, Wu; Shaoqiang, Fang; Yongjun, Li

    2009-06-01

    A compact and light laser jamming source is needed to increase the flexibility of laser jamming technique. A novel laser jamming source based on combined fiber lasers is proposed. Preliminary experimental results show that power levels in excess of 10 kW could be achieved. An example of laser jamming used for an air-to-air missile is given. It shows that the tracking system could complete tracking in only 4 s and came into a steady state with its new tracking target being the laser jamming source.

  3. Multi-wavelength narrow linewidth fiber laser based on distributed feedback fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lv, Jingsheng; Qi, Haifeng; Song, Zhiqiang; Guo, Jian; Ni, Jiasheng; Wang, Chang; Peng, Gangding

    2016-06-01

    A narrow linewidth laser configuration based on distributed feedback fiber lasers (DFB-FL) with eight wavelengths in the international telecommunication union (ITU) grid is presented and realized. In this laser configuration, eight phase-shifted gratings in series are bidirectionally pumped by two 980-nm laser diodes (LDs). The final laser output with over 10-mW power for each wavelength can be obtained, and the maximum power difference within eight wavelengths is 1.2 dB. The laser configuration with multiple wavelengths and uniform power outputs can be very useful in large scaled optical fiber hydrophone fields.

  4. Femtosecond Fiber Lasers Based on Dissipative Processes for Nonlinear Microscopy.

    PubMed

    Wise, Frank W

    2012-01-01

    Recent progress in the development of femtosecond-pulse fiber lasers with parameters appropriate for nonlinear microscopy is reviewed. Pulse-shaping in lasers with only normal-dispersion components is briefly described, and the performance of the resulting lasers is summarized. Fiber lasers based on the formation of dissipative solitons now offer performance competitive with that of solid-state lasers, but with the benefits of the fiber medium. Lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution in the gain section of a laser also offer a combination of short pulse duration and high pulse energy that will be attractive for applications in nonlinear bioimaging. PMID:23869163

  5. Femtosecond Fiber Lasers Based on Dissipative Processes for Nonlinear Microscopy

    PubMed Central

    Wise, Frank W.

    2012-01-01

    Recent progress in the development of femtosecond-pulse fiber lasers with parameters appropriate for nonlinear microscopy is reviewed. Pulse-shaping in lasers with only normal-dispersion components is briefly described, and the performance of the resulting lasers is summarized. Fiber lasers based on the formation of dissipative solitons now offer performance competitive with that of solid-state lasers, but with the benefits of the fiber medium. Lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution in the gain section of a laser also offer a combination of short pulse duration and high pulse energy that will be attractive for applications in nonlinear bioimaging. PMID:23869163

  6. Novel optical fiber ultrasonic sensor based on fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Qi; Okabe, Yoji; Sun, Junqiang

    2014-03-01

    Researching high-sensitivity flexible ultrasonic sensor is important in the field of structural health monitoring (SHM). In this research, a novel ultrasonic sensor based on fiber ring laser with an in-built phase shifted fiber Bragg grating (PSFBG) is proposed and demonstrated. The first function of the PS-FBG is to determine the wavelength of the laser. Thus, this sensing system is robust to temperature change and quasi-static strain change because the PS-FBG is always illuminated. The other function of the PS-FBG is a sensor with ultra-steep slope and short effective grating length. It is beneficial for achievement of high-sensitivity and broad-bandwidth ultrasonic detection. The experimental evaluated sensitivity was 58.5+/-3 dB, which is 7.5 dB higher than traditional PZT sensor. This may be the highest sensitivity obtained by optical fiber sensing system. Because of the advantages including robustness, simple structure and low cost in addition to the high sensitivity and broad bandwidth, this sensing system has potential practical applications in ultrasonic SHM.

  7. Development of Fiber-Based Laser Systems for LISA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Numata, Kenji; Camp, Jordan

    2010-01-01

    We present efforts on fiber-based laser systems for the LISA mission at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. A fiber-based system has the advantage of higher robustness against external disturbances and easier implementation of redundancies. For a master oscillator, we are developing a ring fiber laser and evaluating two commercial products, a DBR linear fiber laser and a planar-waveguide external cavity diode laser. They all have comparable performance to a traditional NPRO at LISA band. We are also performing reliability tests of a 2-W Yb fiber amplifier and radiation tests of fiber laser/amplifier components. We describe our progress to date and discuss the path to a working LISA laser system design.

  8. All-Fiber Configuration Laser Self-Mixing Doppler Velocimeter Based on Distributed Feedback Fiber Laser.

    PubMed

    Wu, Shuang; Wang, Dehui; Xiang, Rong; Zhou, Junfeng; Ma, Yangcheng; Gui, Huaqiao; Liu, Jianguo; Wang, Huanqin; Lu, Liang; Yu, Benli

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, a novel velocimeter based on laser self-mixing Doppler technology has been developed for speed measurement. The laser employed in our experiment is a distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser, which is an all-fiber structure using only one Fiber Bragg Grating to realize optical feedback and wavelength selection. Self-mixing interference for optical velocity sensing is experimentally investigated in this novel system, and the experimental results show that the Doppler frequency is linearly proportional to the velocity of a moving target, which agrees with the theoretical analysis commendably. In our experimental system, the velocity measurement can be achieved in the range of 3.58 mm/s-2216 mm/s with a relative error under one percent, demonstrating that our novel all-fiber configuration velocimeter can implement wide-range velocity measurements with high accuracy. PMID:27472342

  9. Optical Fiber Sensing Based on Reflection Laser Spectroscopy

    PubMed Central

    Gagliardi, Gianluca; Salza, Mario; Ferraro, Pietro; Chehura, Edmond; Tatam, Ralph P.; Gangopadhyay, Tarun K.; Ballard, Nicholas; Paz-Soldan, Daniel; Barnes, Jack A.; Loock, Hans-Peter; Lam, Timothy T.-Y.; Chow, Jong H.; De Natale, Paolo

    2010-01-01

    An overview on high-resolution and fast interrogation of optical-fiber sensors relying on laser reflection spectroscopy is given. Fiber Bragg-gratings (FBGs) and FBG resonators built in fibers of different types are used for strain, temperature and acceleration measurements using heterodyne-detection and optical frequency-locking techniques. Silica fiber-ring cavities are used for chemical sensing based on evanescent-wave spectroscopy. Various arrangements for signal recovery and noise reduction, as an extension of most typical spectroscopic techniques, are illustrated and results on detection performances are presented. PMID:22294902

  10. Process observation in fiber laser-based selective laser melting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thombansen, Ulrich; Gatej, Alexander; Pereira, Milton

    2015-01-01

    The process observation in selective laser melting (SLM) focuses on observing the interaction point where the powder is processed. To provide process relevant information, signals have to be acquired that are resolved in both time and space. Especially in high-power SLM, where more than 1 kW of laser power is used, processing speeds of several meters per second are required for a high-quality processing results. Therefore, an implementation of a suitable process observation system has to acquire a large amount of spatially resolved data at low sampling speeds or it has to restrict the acquisition to a predefined area at a high sampling speed. In any case, it is vitally important to synchronously record the laser beam position and the acquired signal. This is a prerequisite that allows the recorded data become information. Today, most SLM systems employ f-theta lenses to focus the processing laser beam onto the powder bed. This report describes the drawbacks that result for process observation and suggests a variable retro-focus system which solves these issues. The beam quality of fiber lasers delivers the processing laser beam to the powder bed at relevant focus diameters, which is a key prerequisite for this solution to be viable. The optical train we present here couples the processing laser beam and the process observation coaxially, ensuring consistent alignment of interaction zone and observed area. With respect to signal processing, we have developed a solution that synchronously acquires signals from a pyrometer and the position of the laser beam by sampling the data with a field programmable gate array. The relevance of the acquired signals has been validated by the scanning of a sample filament. Experiments with grooved samples show a correlation between different powder thicknesses and the acquired signals at relevant processing parameters. This basic work takes a first step toward self-optimization of the manufacturing process in SLM. It enables the

  11. Fiber-optic Doppler velocimeter based on a dual-polarization fiber grating laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuang, Zeyuang; Cheng, Linghao; Liang, Yizhi; Liang, Hao; Guan, Bai-Ou

    2015-07-01

    A fiber-optic Doppler velocimeter based on a dual-polarization fiber grating laser is demonstrated. The fiber grating laser produces two orthogonally polarized laser outputs with their frequency difference proportional to the intra-cavity birefringence. When the laser outputs are reflected from a moving targets, the laser frequencies will be shifted due to the Doppler effect. It shows that the frequency difference between the beat note of the laser outputs and the beat note of the reflected lasers is proportional to the velocity. The proposed fiber-optic Doppler velocimeter shows a high sensitivity of 0.64 MHz/m/s and is capable of measurement of wide range of velocity.

  12. Fiber Sensor Systems Based on Fiber Laser and Microwave Photonic Technologies

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Hongyan; Chen, Daru; Cai, Zhiping

    2012-01-01

    Fiber-optic sensors, especially fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors are very attractive due to their numerous advantages over traditional sensors, such as light weight, high sensitivity, cost-effectiveness, immunity to electromagnetic interference, ease of multiplexing and so on. Therefore, fiber-optic sensors have been intensively studied during the last several decades. Nowadays, with the development of novel fiber technology, more and more newly invented fiber technologies bring better and superior performance to fiber-optic sensing networks. In this paper, the applications of some advanced photonic technologies including fiber lasers and microwave photonic technologies for fiber sensing applications are reviewed. FBG interrogations based on several kinds of fiber lasers, especially the novel Fourier domain mode locking fiber laser, have been introduced; for the application of microwave photonic technology, examples of microwave photonic filtering utilized as a FBG sensing interrogator and microwave signal generation acting as a transversal loading sensor have been given. Both theoretical analysis and experimental demonstrations have been carried out. The comparison of these advanced photonic technologies for the applications of fiber sensing is carried out and important issues related to the applications have been addressed and the suitable and potential application examples have also been discussed in this paper. PMID:22778591

  13. Fiber sensor systems based on fiber laser and microwave photonic technologies.

    PubMed

    Fu, Hongyan; Chen, Daru; Cai, Zhiping

    2012-01-01

    Fiber-optic sensors, especially fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors are very attractive due to their numerous advantages over traditional sensors, such as light weight, high sensitivity, cost-effectiveness, immunity to electromagnetic interference, ease of multiplexing and so on. Therefore, fiber-optic sensors have been intensively studied during the last several decades. Nowadays, with the development of novel fiber technology, more and more newly invented fiber technologies bring better and superior performance to fiber-optic sensing networks. In this paper, the applications of some advanced photonic technologies including fiber lasers and microwave photonic technologies for fiber sensing applications are reviewed. FBG interrogations based on several kinds of fiber lasers, especially the novel Fourier domain mode locking fiber laser, have been introduced; for the application of microwave photonic technology, examples of microwave photonic filtering utilized as a FBG sensing interrogator and microwave signal generation acting as a transversal loading sensor have been given. Both theoretical analysis and experimental demonstrations have been carried out. The comparison of these advanced photonic technologies for the applications of fiber sensing is carried out and important issues related to the applications have been addressed and the suitable and potential application examples have also been discussed in this paper. PMID:22778591

  14. Fiber-laser-based photoacoustic microscopy and melanoma cell detection

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Yu; Maslov, Konstantin; Zhang, Yu; Hu, Song; Yang, Lihmei; Xia, Younan; Liu, Jian; Wang, Lihong V.

    2011-01-01

    For broad applications in biomedical research involving functional dynamics and clinical studies, a photoacoustic microscopy system should be compact, stable, and fast. In this work, we use a fiber laser as the photoacoustic irradiation source to meet these goals. The laser system measures 45×56×13 cm3. The stability of the laser is attributed to the intrinsic optical fiber-based light amplification and output coupling. Its 50-kHz pulse repetition rate enables fast scanning or extensive signal averaging. At the laser wavelength of 1064 nm, the photoacoustic microscope still has enough sensitivity to image small blood vessels while providing high optical absorption contrast between melanin and hemoglobin. Label-free melanoma cells in flowing bovine blood are imaged in vitro, yielding measurements of both cell size and flow speed. PMID:21280901

  15. Fiber-laser-based photoacoustic microscopy and melanoma cell detection.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yu; Maslov, Konstantin; Zhang, Yu; Hu, Song; Yang, Lihmei; Xia, Younan; Liu, Jian; Wang, Lihong V

    2011-01-01

    For broad applications in biomedical research involving functional dynamics and clinical studies, a photoacoustic microscopy system should be compact, stable, and fast. In this work, we use a fiber laser as the photoacoustic irradiation source to meet these goals. The laser system measures 45×56×13 cm3. The stability of the laser is attributed to the intrinsic optical fiber-based light amplification and output coupling. Its 50-kHz pulse repetition rate enables fast scanning or extensive signal averaging. At the laser wavelength of 1064 nm, the photoacoustic microscope still has enough sensitivity to image small blood vessels while providing high optical absorption contrast between melanin and hemoglobin. Label-free melanoma cells in flowing bovine blood are imaged in vitro, yielding measurements of both cell size and flow speed. PMID:21280901

  16. Switchable quadruple-wavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser based on a chirped fiber grating and polarization-maintaining fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Jianqun; Chen, Weicheng; Chen, Guojie

    2016-04-01

    A switchable quadruple-wavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser based on two Sagnac loops with a chirped fiber grating and polarization-maintaining fiber is proposed and demonstrated experimentally at room temperature. The two loops act as comb filters to excite multi-wavelength output. On the basis of the polarization hole burning effect, the laser can switch flexibly to output ten different modes from single-wavelength to quadruple-wavelength. All of the lasing lines with narrow linewidth have the optical signal-to-noise ratio of more than 35 dB. The laser with good power uniformity shows better stability with respect to the wavelength and peak power.

  17. All-fiber amplifier similariton laser based on a fiber Bragg grating filter.

    PubMed

    Olivier, Michel; Gagnon, Mathieu; Duval, Simon; Bernier, Martin; Piché, Michel

    2015-12-01

    This article presents, for the first time to our knowledge, an all-fiber amplifier similariton laser based on a fiber Bragg grating filter. The laser emits 2.9 nJ pulses at a wavelength of 1554 nm with a repetition rate of 31 MHz. The dechirped pulses have a duration of 89 fs. The characteristic features of the pulse profile and spectrum along with the dynamics of the laser are highlighted in representative simulations. These simulations also address the effect of the filter shape and detuning with respect to the gain spectral peak. PMID:26625073

  18. A multi-wavelength fiber laser based on superimposed fiber grating and chirp fiber Bragg grating for wavelength selection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Feng; Bi, Wei-hong; Fu, Xing-hu; Jiang, Peng; Wu, Yang

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, a new type of multi-wavelength fiber laser is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. Superimposed fiber grating (SIFG) and chirp fiber Bragg grating (CFBG) are used for wavelength selection. Based on gain equalization technology, by finely adjusting the stress device in the cavity, the gain and loss are equal, so as to suppress the modal competition and achieve multi-wavelength lasing at room temperature. The experimental results show that the laser can output stable multi-wavelength lasers simultaneously. The laser coupling loss is small, the structure is simple, and it is convenient for integration, so it can be widely used in dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) system and optical fiber sensors.

  19. Fiber laser welding of nickel based superalloy Inconel 625

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janicki, Damian M.

    2013-01-01

    The paper describes the application of single mode high power fiber laser (HPFL) for the welding of nickel based superalloy Inconel 625. Butt joints of Inconel 625 sheets 0,8 mm thick were laser welded without an additional material. The influence of laser welding parameters on weld quality and mechanical properties of test joints was studied. The quality and mechanical properties of the joints were determined by means of tensile and bending tests, and micro hardness tests, and also metallographic examinations. The results showed that a proper selection of laser welding parameters provides non-porous, fully-penetrated welds with the aspect ratio up to 2.0. The minimum heat input required to achieve full penetration butt welded joints with no defect was found to be 6 J/mm. The yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of the joints are essentially equivalent to that for the base material.

  20. Fiber laser welding of nickel based superalloy Rene 77

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janicki, Damian M.

    2013-01-01

    The study of laser bead-on-plate welding of nickel based superalloy Rene 77 using single mode high power fiber laser has been undertaken to determine the effect of process parameters, such as laser power, welding speed and laser beam defocusing, on the weld geometry and quality. Non-porous and crack-free welds can be achieved for a relatively wide range of fiber laser welding parameters. The welding speed has a major effect on the weld aspect ratio. The laser beam defocusing significantly affects the weld bead geometry, the stability of the keyhole and pore formation. The transition from keyhole mode to conduction mode welding occurs between focal point position +2.0 mm and +4.0 mm. The high porosity was observed at the focal point position of +2.0 mm. The heat input higher than18 J/mm results to hot cracking in the heat affected zone (HAZ). Moreover, it was found that the welds with the weld aspect ratio higher than 1.5 contain cracks, which propagate from the HAZ into the weld metal.

  1. A wavelength-tunable fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber comb filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, Hui; Lou, Shuqin; Yin, Guolu

    2013-02-01

    A wavelength-tunable fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber (TCF) comb filter is proposed and demonstrated. The TCF comb filter is fabricated by splicing a 0.85 m long TCF between two standard single mode fibers (SMFs) and with exhibits a good linear strain characteristic with a sensitivity of 1.23 pm/μɛ. The wavelength of the laser can be linearly tuned from 1558.04 nm to 1553.62 nm by applying an axial strain to the TCF comb filter. The optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of the fiber laser reaches 45 dB. The 3 dB bandwidth is 0.02 nm. The fluctuation of the laser peak in the output power and the wavelength is less than 0.5 dB and within 0.05 nm, respectively. The fiber laser has the advantages of having a simple structure and stable operation under room temperature.

  2. All-fiberized SBS-based high repetition rate sub-nanosecond Yb fiber laser for supercontinuum generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hua, Dacheng; Su, Jianjia; Cui, Wei; Yan, Yaxi; Jiang, Peipei

    2014-12-01

    We report an all-fiberized SBS-based high repetition rate sub-nanosecond Yb fiber laser for supercontinuum generation. The high repetition rate ns laser pulses were produced from a fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-constructed fiber laser cavity consisting of a piece of double cladding Yb fiber as the gain medium and a short piece of Bi/Cr-doped fiber as a saturable absorber (SA). By optimizing the fiber length of the Bi/Cr-doped fiber and the reflectivity of the FBG, the Q-switching state of the fiber laser can be adjusted so that the energy storing condition within the fiber cavity can assure the start of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) and as a result, compress the laser pulse duration. The fiber laser had an average laser power output of 1.2 W at 1064 nm with pulse repetition rate of about 80 kHz, almost four times the reported results. The pulse duration was about 1 ns with peak power of about 15 kW. After one stage of amplification, the laser power was raised to about 3 W and was used to pump a 20 m long photonic crystal fiber (PCF). Supercontiuum (SC) laser output was obtained with average power up to 1.24 W and spectrum spanning from 550 to 2200 nm.

  3. Detection of rail corrugation based on fiber laser accelerometers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Wenzhu; Zhang, Wentao; Du, Yanliang; Sun, Baochen; Ma, Huaixiang; Li, Fang

    2013-09-01

    Efficient inspection methods are necessary for detection of rail corrugation to improve the safety and ride quality of railway operations. This paper presents a novel fiber optic technology for detection of rail corrugation based on fiber laser accelerometers (FLAs), tailored to the measurement of surface damage on rail structures. The principle of detection of rail corrugation using double integration of axle-box acceleration is presented. Then we present the theoretical model and test results of FLAs which are installed on the bogie to detect the vertical axle-box acceleration of the train. Characteristics of high sensitivity and large dynamic range are achieved when using fiber optic interferometric demodulation. A flexible inertial algorithm based on double integration and the wavelet denoising method is proposed to accurately estimate the rail corrugation. A field test is carried out on the Datong-Qinhuangdao Railway in north China. The test results are compared with the results of a rail inspection car, which shows that the fiber laser sensing system has a good performance in monitoring rail corrugation.

  4. Low-threshold wavelength-switchable fiber laser based on few-mode fiber Bragg grating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qi, Yanhui; Sun, Jiang; Kang, Zexin; Ma, Lin; Jin, Wenxing; Jian, Shuisheng

    2016-05-01

    We propose a backward-pump transverse mode fiber laser to generate optical beams based on few-mode fiber Bragg grating. The grating as a transverse mode filter possesses several reflection peaks by adjusting the core-offset. The transverse mode fiber laser operates at extremely low thresholds which are about 20, 16.5 and 16 mW corresponding to different operation wavelengths of 1560.98, 1562.32 and 1563.76 nm, respectively. The optical signal to noise ratios are about 72, 75.5 and 75.8 dB, when the pump power is fixed at 100 mW, respectively. The effectively exciting modes corresponding to each reflection peak interfere with each other. Different optical beams can be achieved by changing the operating wavelength or changing the state of PC. The device maybe find its applications such as sensing, transporting or manipulating microscopic particles.

  5. Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing using a twin core fiber-based filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Guolu; Lou, Shuqin; Wang, Xin; Han, Bolin

    2014-05-01

    A dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing was proposed and experimentally demonstrated by using a twin core fiber (TCF)-based filter. Benefiting from the polarization dependence of the TCF-based filter, the laser operated in dual-wavelength oscillation with two orthogonal polarization states. By adjusting the polarization controller, the wavelength spacing was tuned from 0.1 nm to 1.2 nm without shifting the centre position of the two wavelengths. By stretching the TCF, the two wavelengths were simultaneously tuned with fixed wavelength spacing. Such a dual-wavelength fiber laser could find applications in optical fiber sensors and microwave photonics generation.

  6. PCF based high power narrow line width pulsed fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, H.; Yan, P.; Xiao, Q.; Wang, Y.; Gong, M.

    2012-09-01

    Based on semiconductor diode seeded multi-stage cascaded fiber amplifiers, we have obtained 88-W average power of a 1063-nm laser with high repetition rate of up to 1.5 MHz and a constant 2-ns pulse duration. No stimulated Brillouin scattering pulse or optical damage occurred although the maximum pulse peak power has exceeded 112 kW. The output laser exhibits excellent beam quality (M2x = 1.24 and M2y = 1.18), associated with a spectral line width as narrow as 0.065 nm (FWHM). Additionally, we demonstrate high polarization extinction ratio of 18.4 dB and good pulse stabilities superior to 1.6 % (RMS).

  7. Optical Frequency Comb Generation based on Erbium Fiber Lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Droste, Stefan; Ycas, Gabriel; Washburn, Brian R.; Coddington, Ian; Newbury, Nathan R.

    2016-06-01

    Optical frequency combs have revolutionized optical frequency metrology and are being actively investigated in a number of applications outside of pure optical frequency metrology. For reasons of cost, robustness, performance, and flexibility, the erbium fiber laser frequency comb has emerged as the most commonly used frequency comb system and many different designs of erbium fiber frequency combs have been demonstrated. We review the different approaches taken in the design of erbium fiber frequency combs, including the major building blocks of the underlying mode-locked laser, amplifier, supercontinuum generation and actuators for stabilization of the frequency comb.

  8. Mode-locked fiber laser based on chalcogenide microwires.

    PubMed

    Al-Kadry, Alaa; El Amraoui, Mohammed; Messaddeq, Younès; Rochette, Martin

    2015-09-15

    We report the first mode-locked fiber laser using a chalcogenide microwire as the nonlinear medium. The laser is passively mode-locked with nonlinear polarization rotation and can be adjusted for the emission of solitons or noise-like pulses. The use of the microwire leads to a mode-locking threshold at the microwatt level and shortens the cavity length by 4 orders of magnitude with respect to other lasers of its kind. The controlled birefringence of the microwire, combined with a linear polarizer in the cavity, enables multiwavelength laser operation with tunable central wavelength, switchable wavelength separation, and a variable number of laser wavelengths. PMID:26371923

  9. 2μm single frequency fiber laser based on thulium-doped silica fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, Shijie; Shi, Wei; Lin, Jichao; Fang, Qiang; Sheng, Quan; Zhang, Haiwei; Wen, Jinwei; Yao, Jianquan

    2016-03-01

    Single-frequency fiber laser operating at 1950 nm has been demonstrated in an all-fiber distributed Bragg reflection (DBR) laser cavity by using a 1.9-cm commercial available Thulium-doped silica fiber, for the first time. The laser was pumped by a 793-nm single-mode diode laser and had a threshold pump power of 75 mW. The maximum output power of the single longitudinal mode laser was 18 mW and the slope efficiency with respect to the launched pump power was 11%. Moreover, the linewidth and relative intensity noise (RIN) at different pump power has been measured and analyzed. The successful demonstration with the Thulium-doped silica fiber used here is considered to further promote the commercialization of single frequency fiber laser at 2 μm.

  10. A switchable dual-wavelength fiber laser based on asymmetric fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot cavity with a SESAM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Kaiqiang; Li, Qi; Chen, Haiyan

    2016-04-01

    A switchable dual-wavelength fiber laser with an asymmetric fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity based a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The proof of concept device consists of a FGB laser with an asymmetric FBG-FP cavity, a SESAM as mode loss modulator, and a intracavity FBG as wavelength selector by changing its operation temperature. The results demonstrate the new concept of dual-wavelength fiber laser based SESAM with asymmetric FBG-FP cavity and the technical feasibility.

  11. Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers for Space-based Science and Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yu, Anthony W.; Krainak, Michael A.; Stephen, Mark A.; Chen, Jeffrey R.; Coyle, Barry; Numata, Kenji; Camp, Jordan; Abshire, James B.; Allan, Graham R.; Li, Steven X.; Riris, Haris

    2012-01-01

    We present current and near-term uses of high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers for NASA science and spacecraft applications. Fiber lasers and amplifiers offer numerous advantages for the deployment of instruments on exploration and science remote sensing satellites. Ground-based and airborne systems provide an evolutionary path to space and a means for calibration and verification of space-borne systems. NASA fiber-laser-based instruments include laser sounders and lidars for measuring atmospheric carbon dioxide, oxygen, water vapor and methane and a pulsed or pseudo-noise (PN) code laser ranging system in the near infrared (NIR) wavelength band. The associated fiber transmitters include high-power erbium, ytterbium, and neodymium systems and a fiber laser pumped optical parametric oscillator. We discuss recent experimental progress on these systems and instrument prototypes for ongoing development efforts.

  12. Laser backlight unit based on a leaky optical fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okuda, Yuuto; Onoda, Kousuke; Fujieda, Ichiro

    2012-07-01

    A backlight unit is constructed by laying out an optical fiber on a two-dimensional plane and letting the light leak out in a controlled manner. In experiment, we formed multiple grooves on the surface of a plastic optical fiber by pressing a heated knife edge. The depth of the groove determined the percentage of the optical power leaking out. The optical fiber with multiple grooves was embedded in an acrylic plate with a spiral trench, and a diffuser sheet was placed over it. When we injected laser light into the end of the optical fiber, this configuration successfully worked as an area illuminator. However, the coherent nature of the laser light caused severe speckle noise. We evaluated the speckle contrast under darkness, and it varied from 80% to 23%, depending on the lens aperture used to capture the images of the illuminator. We glued an ultrasound generator to the optical fiber to introduce phase modulation for the light propagating inside the optical fiber. In this way, the speckle contrast was reduced by a factor of seven to four. Under room lighting, the speckle noise was made barely noticeable by turning on the ultrasound generator.

  13. Development of fiber-based laser anemometer for SSME application

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Modarress, Dariush; Fan, Robert

    1989-01-01

    A recent study by Rocketdyne for NASA identified laser anemometry, using a compact optical head, as a feasible diagnostic instrument for the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) Model Verification experiments. Physical Research, Inc. (PRI) is presently under contract from NASA Lewis to develop and deliver such a laser anemometer system. For this application, it is desired to place the laser at a remote distance from the engine, and use single mode polarization preserving fiber optics for the transmission of the laser light to and from the measurement head. Other requirements are given. Analytical and experimental tools are being used to develop the technologies required for the laser anemometer. These include finite element analysis of the optical head and vibration tests for various optical and mechanical components. Design of the optical head and the fiber optic connectors are driven by the temperature and vibration requirements for the measurement environment. Results of the finite element analysis and the vibration tests of the components are included. Conceptual design of the fiber optic launcher and the optical probe has also been complete. Detailed design of the probe as well as the fabrication and assembly of the components is in progress.

  14. Fiber-Based Lasers as an Option for GRACE Follow-On Light Source

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Camp, Jordan

    2010-01-01

    Fiber based lasers offer a number of attractive characteristics for space application: state of the art laser technology, leverage of design and reliability from the substantial investments of the telecon industry, and convenient redundancy of higher risk components through fiber splicing. At NASA/Goddard we are currently investigating three GFO fiber-based laser options: a fiber oscillator built in our laboratory; an effort to space qualify a commercial design that uses a proprietary high-gain fiber cavity; and the space qualification of a promising new commercial external cavity laser, notable for its low-mass, compact design. In my talk I will outline these efforts, and suggest that the GFO Project may soon have the option of a US laser vendor for its light source.

  15. Fiber laser welding of nickel-based superalloy inconel 718

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oshobe, Omudhohwo Emaruke

    Inconel 718 (IN 718) is widely used in applications, such as aircraft and power turbine components. Recently, fiber laser welding has become an attractive joining technique in industry for fabrication and repair of service-damaged components. However, a major limitation in the laser welding of IN 718 is that liquation cracking occurs. In the present work, autogenous fiber laser welding of IN 718 was used to study the effects of welding parameters and different pre-weld heat treatments on liquation cracking. Contrary to previous studies, a dual effect of heat input on cracking is observed. A rarely reported effect of heat input is attributed to process instability. Liquation cracking increases with pre-weld heat treatment temperatures that increase grain size and/or, possibly, intregranular boron segregation. The study shows that pre-weld heat treatment at 950oC can be used for repair welding of IN 718 without significant loss in cracking resistance.

  16. Ultrafast fiber lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution: a review of current progress.

    PubMed

    Chong, Andy; Wright, Logan G; Wise, Frank W

    2015-11-01

    Self-similar fiber oscillators are a relatively new class of mode-locked lasers. In these lasers, the self-similar evolution of a chirped parabolic pulse in normally-dispersive passive, active, or dispersion-decreasing fiber (DDF) is critical. In active (gain) fiber and DDF, the novel role of local nonlinear attraction makes the oscillators fundamentally different from any mode-locked lasers considered previously. In order to reconcile the spectral and temporal expansion of a pulse in the self-similar segment with the self-consistency required by a laser cavity's periodic boundary condition, several techniques have been applied. The result is a diverse range of fiber oscillators which demonstrate the exciting new design possibilities based on the self-similar model. Here, we review recent progress on self-similar oscillators both in passive and active fiber, and extensions of self-similar evolution for surpassing the limits of rare-earth gain media. We discuss some key remaining research questions and important future directions. Self-similar oscillators are capable of exceptional performance among ultrashort pulsed fiber lasers, and may be of key interest in the development of future ultrashort pulsed fiber lasers for medical imaging applications, as well as for low-noise fiber-based frequency combs. Their uniqueness among mode-locked lasers motivates study into their properties and behaviors and raises questions about how to understand mode-locked lasers more generally. PMID:26496377

  17. Ultrafast fiber lasers based on self-similar pulse evolution: a review of current progress

    PubMed Central

    Chong, Andy; Wright, Logan G; Wise, Frank W

    2016-01-01

    Self-similar fiber oscillators are a relatively new class of mode-locked lasers. In these lasers, the self-similar evolution of a chirped parabolic pulse in normally-dispersive passive, active, or dispersion-decreasing fiber (DDF) is critical. In active (gain) fiber and DDF, the novel role of local nonlinear attraction makes the oscillators fundamentally different from any mode-locked lasers considered previously. In order to reconcile the spectral and temporal expansion of a pulse in the self-similar segment with the self-consistency required by a laser cavity's periodic boundary condition, several techniques have been applied. The result is a diverse range of fiber oscillators which demonstrate the exciting new design possibilities based on the self-similar model. Here, we review recent progress on self-similar oscillators both in passive and active fiber, and extensions of self-similar evolution for surpassing the limits of rare-earth gain media. We discuss some key remaining research questions and important future directions. Self-similar oscillators are capable of exceptional performance among ultrashort pulsed fiber lasers, and may be of key interest in the development of future ultrashort pulsed fiber lasers for medical imaging applications, as well as for low-noise fiber-based frequency combs. Their uniqueness among mode-locked lasers motivates study into their properties and behaviors and raises questions about how to understand mode-locked lasers more generally. PMID:26496377

  18. Broadly tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped ring fiber laser based on a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, H. B.; Liu, X. M.; Gong, Y. K.; Li, X. H.; Wang, L. R.

    2010-02-01

    A broadly tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped ring fiber laser based on a high-birefringence fiber loop mirror (HiBi-FLM) and a polarization controller is demonstrated experimentally. The measured transmission spectrum of HiBi-FLM covers a wide range from 1525 to 1575 nm. The wavelength of proposed laser can be flexibly tunable during this range of ˜50 nm by adjusting the polarization controller. In addition, the spacing of two wavelengths is adjustable by changing the length of HiBi fiber. The dual-wavelength lasers with the HiBi fiber length of 1 and 2 m are experimentally demonstrated and compared. The experimental results show that the proposed laser can stably operate on two wavelengths simultaneously at room temperature, and the output peak power variation is about 0.5 dB during 40 min.

  19. Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on in-line tapered fiber filters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tong, Zheng-rong; Yang, He; Cao, Ye

    2016-07-01

    A tunable and switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) based on all-fiber single-mode tapered fiber structure has been demonstrated. By adjusting the variable optical attenuator (VOA), the laser can be switched between the single-wavelength mode and the dual-wavelength mode. When the temperature applied on the tapered fiber structure varies, the pass-band varies and the wavelength of the output laser shifts correspondingly. When the temperature changes from 30 °C to 180 °C, the central wavelength of the EDFL generated by branch A shifts from 1 550.7 nm to 1 560.3 nm, while that of branch B shifts from 1 530.8 nm to 1 540.4 nm, indicating the wavelength interval is tunable. These advantages enable this laser to be a potential candidate for high-capacity wavelength division multiplexing systems and mechanical sensors.

  20. Single-frequency fiber laser at 1950 nm based on thulium-doped silica fiber.

    PubMed

    Fu, Shijie; Shi, Wei; Lin, Jichao; Fang, Qiang; Sheng, Quan; Zhang, Haiwei; Wen, Jinwei; Yao, Jianquan

    2015-11-15

    A single-frequency fiber laser operating at 1950 nm has been demonstrated in an all-fiber distributed Bragg reflection laser cavity by using a 1.9 cm commercially available thulium-doped silica fiber, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. The laser was pumped by a 793 nm single-mode diode laser and had a threshold pump power of 75 mW. The maximum output power of the single longitudinal mode laser was 18 mW and the slope efficiency with respect to the launched pump power was 11%. Moreover, the linewidth and relative intensity noise at different pump power have been measured and analyzed. PMID:26565855

  1. Tunable and switchable multi-wavelength fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier and twin-core photonic crystal fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Bongkyun; Han, Jihee; Chung, Youngjoo

    2012-02-01

    Multi-wavelength fiber lasers have attracted a lot of interest, recently, because of their potential applications in wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) systems, optical fiber sensing, and fiber-optics instruments, due to their numerous advantages such as multiple wavelength operation, low cost, and compatibility with the fiber optic systems. Semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-based multi-wavelength fiber lasers exhibit stable operation because of the SOA has the property of primarily inhomogeneous broadening and thus can support simultaneous oscillation of multiple lasing wavelengths. In this letter, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a switchable multi-wavelength fiber laser employing a semiconductor optical amplifier and twin-core photonic crystal fiber (TC-PCF) based in-line interferometer comb filter. The fabricated two cores are not symmetric due to the associated fiber fabrication process such as nonuniform heat gradient in furnace and asymmetric microstructure expansion during the gas pressurization which results in different silica strut thickness and core size. The induced asymmetry between two cores considerably alters the linear power transfer, by seriously reducing it. These nominal twin cores form effective two optical paths and associated effective refractive index difference. The in-fiber comb filter is effectively constructed by splicing a section of TC-PCF between two single mode fibers (SMFs). The proposed laser can be designed to operate in stable multi-wavelength lasing states by adjusting the states of the polarization controller (PC). The lasing modes are switched by varying the state of PC and the change is reversible. In addition, we demonstrate a tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser operation by applying temperature changes to TC-PCF in the multi-channel filter.

  2. Wavelength-switchable fiber laser based on few-mode fiber filter with core-offset structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qi, Yanhui; Kang, Zexin; Sun, Jiang; Ma, Lin; Jin, Wenxing; Lian, Yudong; Jian, Shuisheng

    2016-07-01

    We propose a wavelength-switchable erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on the few-mode fiber filter with core-offset structure. The filter is constructed by splicing a section of few-mode fiber with two segments of single mode fiber. Meanwhile, the excited modes are effectively selected by controlling the core-offset splicing carefully. The novel filter is based on the interference between fundamental mode and LP11 mode. The single-, dual-, triple- and quad-wavelength fiber laser is accomplished by adjusting the states of polarization controller at room temperature. The principle of operation is mainly based on the saturated spectral hole-burning effect and the balance between the gain and loss in the cavity.

  3. Single-frequency Yb-doped fiber laser with distributed feedback based on a random FBG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdullina, S. R.; Vlasov, A. A.; Lobach, I. A.; Belai, O. V.; Shapiro, D. A.; Babin, S. A.

    2016-07-01

    Single-frequency operation of a 1.03 μm fiber laser with random distributed feedback (RDFB) is demonstrated. The laser cavity is based on a 4 cm long fiber Bragg grating (FBG) consisting of 10 homogeneous subgratings with random phase and amplitude of refractive index modulation inscribed in a polarization maintaining (PM) Yb-doped fiber. Such RDFB laser generates single longitudinal mode with output power up to 25 mW, which is 3.5 times higher than that for a DFB laser based on regular π-shifted FBG of the same length in the same fiber. The single-frequency linewidth is measured to be  <100 kHz in both cases. The observed difference of the DFB and RDFB lasers is confirmed by numerical simulation showing different longitudinal distribution of intra-cavity radiation in these cases, analogous to those in the experiment.

  4. 25 W Raman-fiber-amplifier-based 589 nm laser for laser guide star.

    PubMed

    Feng, Yan; Taylor, Luke R; Calia, Domenico Bonaccini

    2009-10-12

    We report on a 25 W continuous wave narrow linewidth (< 2.3 MHz) 589 nm laser by efficient (> 95%) coherent beam combination of two narrow linewidth (< 1.5 MHz) Raman fiber amplifiers with a Mach-Zehnder interferometer scheme and frequency doubling in an external resonant cavity with an efficiency of 86%. The results demonstrate the narrow linewidth Raman fiber amplifier technology as a promising solution for developing laser for sodium laser guide star adaptive optics. PMID:20372636

  5. Fiber distributed feedback laser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elachi, C.; Evans, G. A.; Yeh, C. (Inventor)

    1976-01-01

    Utilizing round optical fibers as communication channels in optical communication networks presents the problem of obtaining a high efficiency coupling between the optical fiber and the laser. A laser is made an integral part of the optical fiber channel by either diffusing active material into the optical fiber or surrounding the optical fiber with the active material. Oscillation within the active medium to produce lasing action is established by grating the optical fiber so that distributed feedback occurs.

  6. Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared.

    PubMed

    Washburn, Brian R; Diddams, Scott A; Newbury, Nathan R; Nicholson, Jeffrey W; Yan, Man F; Jørgensen, Carsten G

    2004-02-01

    A phase-locked frequency comb in the near infrared is demonstrated with a mode-locked, erbium-doped, fiber laser whose output is amplified and spectrally broadened in dispersion-flattened, highly nonlinear optical fiber to span from 1100 to >2200 nm. The supercontinuum output comprises a frequency comb with a spacing set by the laser repetition rate and an offset by the carrier-envelope offset frequency, which is detected with the standard f-to-2f heterodyne technique. The comb spacing and offset frequency are phase locked to a stable rf signal with a fiber stretcher in the laser cavity and by control of the pump laser power, respectively. This infrared comb permits frequency metrology experiments in the near infrared in a compact, fiber-laser-based system. PMID:14759041

  7. Fiber laser strain sensor based in the measurement of a Sagnac interferometer optical power spectrum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durán Sánchez, M.; Álvarez Tamayo, R. I.; Pottiez, O.; Kuzin, E. A.; Ibarra-Escamilla, B.; Barcelata Pinzón, A.

    2014-06-01

    In this paper a linear cavity Erbium doped fiber (EDF) laser based in a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and a fiber optical loop mirror with a high birefringence fiber in the loop (Hi-Bi FOLM) is used as a strain sensor. The Fabry-Perot cavity is formed by the FBG and the Hi-Bi FOLM, used as a measurement system of strain variations produced on the FBG, used as a strain sensor device. Usually, fiber laser sensor experimental setups determine the measured variable magnitude by using of an optical spectrum analyzer (OSA). Hi-Bi FOLM transmission spectrum wavelength displacement by fiber loop temperature variations measurement can be an attractive application exploiting the characteristics of FOLM transmission spectrum behavior due to Hi-Bi fiber loop temperature variations to determine the FBG strain applied through the maximal optical power monitoring by simple use of a photodetector and a temperature meter.

  8. High power L-band mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Meng, Yichang; Semaan, Georges; Salhi, Mohamed; Niang, Alioune; Guesmi, Khmaies; Luo, Zhi-Chao; Sanchez, Francois

    2015-09-01

    We demonstrate a passive mode-locked Er:Yb doped double-clad fiber laser using a microfiber-based topological insulator (Bi(2)Se(3)) saturable absorber (TISA). By optimizing the cavity loss and output coupling ratio, the mode-locked fiber laser can operate in L-band with high average output power. With the highest pump power of 5 W, 91st harmonic mode locking of soliton bunches with average output power of 308 mW was obtained. This is the first report that the TISA based erbium-doped fiber laser operating above 1.6 μm and is also the highest output power yet reported in TISA based passive mode-locked fiber laser. PMID:26368409

  9. Tunable Laser Development for In-flight Fiber Optic Based Structural Health Monitoring Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richards, Lance; Parker, Allen; Chan, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this task is to investigate, develop, and demonstrate a low-cost swept lasing light source for NASA DFRC's fiber optics sensing system (FOSS) to perform structural health monitoring on current and future aerospace vehicles. This is the regular update of the Tunable Laser Development for In-flight Fiber Optic Based Structural Health Monitoring Systems website.

  10. Fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot cavity sensor based on pulse laser demodulation technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Fangfang; Chen, Jianfeng; Liu, Yunqi; Wang, Tingyun

    2011-12-01

    We demonstrate a fiber laser sensing technique based on fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot (FBG-FP) cavity interrogated by pulsed laser, where short pulses generated from active mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser and current modulated DFB laser are adopted. The modulated laser pulses launched into the FBG-FP cavity produce a group of reflected pulses. The optical loss in the cavity can be determined from the power ratio of the first two pulses reflected from the cavity. This technique does not require high reflectivity FBGs and is immune to the power fluctuation of the light source. Two short pulse laser sources were compared experimentally with each other on pulse width, pulse stability, pulse chirp and sensing efficiency.

  11. High-power soliton fiber laser based on pulse width control with chirped fiber Bragg gratings

    SciTech Connect

    Fermann, M.E.; Sugden, K.; Bennion, I.

    1995-01-15

    Chirped fiber Bragg gratings control the pulse width and energy in Kerr mode-locked erbium fiber soliton lasers. We create high-energy pulses by providing large amounts of excessive negative dispersion, which increases the pulse width while keeping the nonlinearity of the cavity constant. With a chirped fiber grating of 3.4-ps{sup 2} dispersion, 3-ps pulses with an energy content higher than 1 nJ are generated at a repetition rate of 27 MHz. By controlling the polarization state in the cavity, we obtain a tuning range from 1.550 to 1.562 {mu}m.

  12. Parameter space for the collective laser coupling in the laser fusion driver based on the concept of fiber amplification network.

    PubMed

    Huang, Zhihua; Lin, Honghuan; Xu, Dangpeng; Li, Mingzhong; Wang, Jianjun; Deng, Ying; Zhang, Rui; Zhang, Yongliang; Tian, Xiaocheng; Wei, Xiaofeng

    2013-07-15

    Collective laser coupling of the fiber array in the inertial confinement fusion (ICF) laser driver based on the concept of fiber amplification network (FAN) is researched. The feasible parameter space is given for laser coupling of the fundamental, second and third harmonic waves by neglecting the influence of the frequency conversion on the beam quality under the assumption of beam quality factor conservation. Third harmonic laser coupling is preferred due to its lower output energy requirement from a single fiber amplifier. For coplanar fiber array, the energy requirement is around 0.4 J with an effective mode field diameter of around 500 μm while maintaining the fundamental mode operation which is more than one order of magnitude higher than what can be achieved with state-of-the-art technology. Novel waveguide structure needs to be developed to enlarge the fundamental mode size while mitigating the catastrophic self-focusing effect. PMID:23938500

  13. All-fiber tunable laser based on an acousto-optic tunable filter and a tapered fiber.

    PubMed

    Huang, Ligang; Song, Xiaobo; Chang, Pengfa; Peng, Weihua; Zhang, Wending; Gao, Feng; Bo, Fang; Zhang, Guoquan; Xu, Jingjun

    2016-04-01

    An all-fiber tunable laser was fabricated based on an acousto-optic tunable filter and a tapered fiber. The structure was of a high signal-to-noise ratio, therefore, no extra gain flattening was needed in the laser. In the experiment, the wavelength of the laser could be tuned from 1532.1 nm to 1570.4 nm with a 3-dB bandwidth of about 0.2 nm. Given enough nonlinearity in the laser cavity, it could also generate a sliding-frequency pulse train. The laser gains advantages of fast tuning and agility in pulse generation, and its simple structure is low cost for practical applications. PMID:27137035

  14. Cable television monitoring system based on fiber laser and FBG sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Peng-Chun; Huang, Jun-Han; Wu, Shin-Shian; Yang, Wei-Yuan; Shen, Po-Tso

    2015-05-01

    We propose and experimentally demonstrate a cable television monitoring system based on a linear-cavity fiber laser and fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors. The linear-cavity fiber laser comprises a hybrid amplifier with an erbium-doped fiber amplifier and a semiconductor optical amplifier, a fiber loop mirror with a polarization controller and an optical coupler as a cavity mirror, and the FBG sensors acting as another cavity mirrors. Experimental results showed the feasibility of the monitoring system with sufficient of signal-to-noise ratio over 30 dB and stable output power, and the link of cable television signals on fiber link can monitored in real time. Excellent performances of carrier-to-noise ratio after long-distance transmission are obtained for cable television applications.

  15. Investigation of Fiber Optics Based Phased Locked Diode Lasers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burke, Paul D.; Gregory, Don A.

    1997-01-01

    Optical power beaming requires a high intensity source and a system to address beam phase and location. A synthetic aperture array of phased locked sources can provide the necessary power levels as well as a means to correct for phase errors. A fiber optic phase modulator with a master oscillator and power amplifier (MOPA) using an injection-locking semiconductor optical amplifier has proven to be effective in correcting phase errors as large as 4pi in an interferometer system. Phase corrections with the piezoelectric fiber stretcher were made from 0 - 10 kHz, with most application oriented corrections requiring only 1 kHz. The amplifier did not lose locked power output while the phase was changed, however its performance was below expectation. Results of this investigation indicate fiber stretchers and amplifiers can be incorporated into a MOPA system to achieve successful earth based power beaming.

  16. Thulium Fiber Laser lithotripsy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackmon, Richard Leious, Jr.

    The Thulium Fiber Laser (TFL) has been studied as a potential alternative to the conventional Holmium:YAG laser (Ho:YAG) for the treatment of kidney stones. The TFL is more ideally suited for laser lithotripsy because of the higher absorption coefficient of the emitted wavelength in water, the superior Gaussian profile of the laser beam, and the ability to operate at arbitrary temporal pulse profiles. The higher absorption of the TFL by water helps translate into higher ablation of urinary stones using less energy. The Gaussian spatial beam profile allows the TFL to couple into fibers much smaller than those currently being used for Ho:YAG lithotripsy. Lastly, the ability of arbitrary pulse operation by the TFL allows energy to be delivered to the stone efficiently so as to avoid negative effects (such as burning or bouncing of the stone) while maximizing ablation. Along with these improvements, the unique properties of the TFL have led to more novel techniques that have currently not been used in the clinic, such as the ability to control the movement of stones based on the manner in which the laser energy is delivered. Lastly, the TFL has led to the development of novel fibers, such as the tapered fiber and removable tip fiber, to be used for lithotripsy which can lead to safer and less expensive treatment of urinary stones. Overall, the TFL has been demonstrated as a viable alternative to the conventional Ho:YAG laser and has the potential to advance methods and tools for treatment of kidney stones.

  17. Single frequency fiber laser at 2.05 μm based on Ho-doped germanate glass fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Jianfeng; Yao, Zhidong; Zong, Jie; Chavez-Pirson, Arturo; Peyghambarian, Nasser; Yu, Jirong

    2009-02-01

    A single frequency fiber laser operating near 2 micron with over 50 mW output power has been demonstrated by using a short piece of newly developed single mode holmium-doped germanate glass fiber. Laser from 2004 nm to 2083 nm was demonstrated from a short Ho-doped fiber laser cavity. A heavily thulium-doped germanate fiber was used as an in-band pump source for the holmium-doped fiber laser. The single frequency fiber laser can be thermally tuned.

  18. Subwatt threshold cw Raman fiber-gas laser based on H2-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber.

    PubMed

    Couny, F; Benabid, F; Light, P S

    2007-10-01

    We report on what is, to our knowledge, the first cw pumped Raman fiber-gas laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with hydrogen. The high efficiency of the gas-laser interaction inside the fiber allows operation in a single-pass configuration. The transmitted spectrum exhibits 99.99% of the output light at the Stokes wavelength and a pump power threshold as low as 2.25 W. The study of the Stokes emission evolution with pressure shows that highly efficient Raman amplification is still possible even at atmospheric pressure. The addition of fiber Bragg gratings to the system, creating a cavity at the Stokes wavelength, reduces the Raman threshold power below 600 mW. PMID:17930673

  19. Compact Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on photonic crystal fiber and its application in switchable multi-wavelength fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Weiguo; Lou, Shuqin; Wang, Liwen; Li, Honglei; Guo, Tieying; Jian, Shuisheng

    2009-08-01

    The compact Mach-Zehnder interferometer is proposed by splicing a section of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) and two pieces of single mode fiber (SMF) with the air-holes of PCF intentionally collapsed in the vicinity of the splices. The depedence of the fringe spacing on the length of PCF is investigated. Based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer as wavelength-selective filter, a switchable dual-wavelength fiber ring laser is demonstrated with a homemade erbiumdoped fiber amplifier (EDFA) as the gain medium at room temperature. By adjusting the states of the polarization controller (PC) appropriately, the laser can be switched among the stable single-and dual -wavelength lasing operations by exploiting polarization hole burning (PHB) effect.

  20. Electrically tunable fiber-integrated Yb-doped laser covering 74 nm based on a fiber Bragg grating array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tiess, T.; Rothhardt, M.; Chojetzki, C.; Jäger, M.; Bartelt, H.

    2015-03-01

    Fiber lasers provide the foundation to combine an excellent beam quality in single mode operation with a robust and highly efficient design. Based on fiber-integrated configurations, they are employed in many different applications ranging from industry over research to medical technology. However, there is lots of potential to approach even new fields of applications e.g. in spectroscopy based on tunable systems with an adjustable emission wavelength. We present a novel tuning concept for pulsed fiber-integrated laser systems using an array of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) as discrete spectral filter. Based on stacking many standard FBGs, the bandwidth and filter properties are easy to scale by increasing the number of gratings allowing huge tuning ranges as well as tailored tuning characteristics. In this work, we demonstrate the potential of this electrically controlled tuning concept. Using an Ytterbium (Yb)-doped fiber laser, we investigate the general tuning characteristics. With variable pulse durations in the nanosecond regime, we demonstrate high signal contrast (~45 dB), excellent wavelength stability and narrow linewidth (<15 GHz). In order to highlight the great spectral freedom, a tuning range of 74 nm in the Yb band is realized which, to the best of our knowledge, is the largest bandwidth reported based on a monolithic filter design.

  1. Thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser based on NPR and 45°-tilted fiber grating.

    PubMed

    Li, Jianfeng; Yan, Zhijun; Sun, Zhongyuan; Luo, Hongyu; He, Yulian; Li, Zhuo; Liu, Yong; Zhang, Lin

    2014-12-15

    A nonlinear polarization rotation based all-fiber passively mode-locked Tm³⁺-doped fiber laser is demonstrated by using a 45° tilted fiber grating (TFG) as an in-line polarizer. The 45° TFG centered at 2000 nm with polarization dependent loss (PDL) of >12 dB at 1850 nm~2150 nm range was UV inscribed for the first time in SM28 fiber using a 244 nm Ar⁺ continuous wave laser and a phase mask with 25 mm long uniform pitch and titled period pattern of 33.7° with respect to the fiber axis. Stable soliton pulses centered at 1992.7 nm with 2.02 nm FWHM bandwidth were produced at a repetition rate of 1.902 MHz with pulse duration of 2.2 ps and pulse energy of 74.6 pJ. As increased pump power, the laser also can operate at noise-like regime with 18.1 nm FWHM bandwidth and pulse energy of up to 250.1 nJ. Using the same 45° TFG, both stable soliton and noise-like mode-locking centered at ~1970 nm and ~2050 nm, were also achieved by shortening and extending the length of Tm³⁺-doped fiber, respectively, exhibiting advantages of broadband and low insertion loss at 2 µm band. PMID:25607051

  2. Fiber-Based Laser Transmitter for Oxygen A-Band Spectroscopy and Remote Sensing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stephen, Mark A.; Abshire, James B.

    2010-01-01

    A fiber-based laser transmitter has been designed for active remote-sensing spectroscopy. The transmitter uses a master-oscillator-power-amplifier (MOPA) configuration with a distributed feedback diode-laser master oscillator and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier. The output from the MOPA is frequency-doubled with a periodically poled nonlinear crystal. The utility of this single-frequency, wavelength-tunable, power-scalable laser has been demonstrated in a spectroscopic measurement of the diatomic oxygen A-band.

  3. Fiber optic laser rod

    DOEpatents

    Erickson, G.F.

    1988-04-13

    A laser rod is formed from a plurality of optical fibers, each forming an individual laser. Synchronization of the individual fiber lasers is obtained by evanescent wave coupling between adjacent optical fiber cores. The fiber cores are dye-doped and spaced at a distance appropriate for evanescent wave coupling at the wavelength of the selected dye. An interstitial material having an index of refraction lower than that of the fiber core provides the optical isolation for effective lasing action while maintaining the cores at the appropriate coupling distance. 2 figs.

  4. Stable double spacing multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium doped fiber laser based on highly nonlinear fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, B. A.; Al-Alimi, A. W.; Abas, A. F.; Harun, S. W.; Mahdi, M. A.

    2012-05-01

    A double frequency spaced multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium doped fiber laser (BEDFL) with figure-of-eight cavity have been successfully developed and tested. Double frequency spacing is achieved by using a piece of 2 km of highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) as a gain medium. Figure-of-eight configuration removes the odd order Stokes signals via a four-port circulator. Fifteen Stokes channels are simultaneously generated with a spacing of 0.154 nm that is around 20 GHz, when the Brillouin pump and 980 nm pump powers are fixed at the optimized values of 6 dBm and 40 mW, respectively. Fourteen anti stoke channels are also obtained, which are generated through four wave mixing (FWM) process in the laser cavity. The output is smooth triangular comb. The BEFL can also be tuned from 1526.5 to 1567.5 nm.

  5. Fiber laser sensor based on fiber-Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jianfeng; Liu, Yunqi; Cai, Tongjian; Wang, Tingyun

    2011-01-01

    We propose a fiber-Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot (FBG-FP) cavity sensor interrogated by a pulsed laser. The FBG-FP cavity is directly written into the same photosensitive fiber, which consists of a pair of FBGs with identical center wavelength. The modulated laser pulses are launched into the FBG-FP cavity. Each pulse produces a group of reflection and transmission pulses. The cavity loss in the FBG-FP cavity is determined from the power ratio of the first two pulses reflected from the cavity, which could be detected for the sensor measurement. This technique has the advantages that it does not require high reflectivity FBG and is immune to the power fluctuation of the light source.

  6. Fiber laser sensor based on fiber-Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jianfeng; Liu, Yunqi; Cai, Tongjian; Wang, Tingyun

    2010-12-01

    We propose a fiber-Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot (FBG-FP) cavity sensor interrogated by a pulsed laser. The FBG-FP cavity is directly written into the same photosensitive fiber, which consists of a pair of FBGs with identical center wavelength. The modulated laser pulses are launched into the FBG-FP cavity. Each pulse produces a group of reflection and transmission pulses. The cavity loss in the FBG-FP cavity is determined from the power ratio of the first two pulses reflected from the cavity, which could be detected for the sensor measurement. This technique has the advantages that it does not require high reflectivity FBG and is immune to the power fluctuation of the light source.

  7. A fiber optic PD sensor using a balanced Sagnac interferometer and an EDFA-based DOP tunable fiber ring laser.

    PubMed

    Wang, Lutang; Fang, Nian; Wu, Chunxu; Qin, Haijuan; Huang, Zhaoming

    2014-01-01

    A novel fiber-optic acoustic sensor using an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA)-based fiber ring laser and a balanced Sagnac interferometer for acoustic sensing of the partial discharge (PD) in power transformers is proposed and demonstrated. As a technical background, an experimental investigation on how the variations of the fiber birefringence affect the sensor performances was carried out, and the results are discussed. The operation principles are described, and the relevant formulas are derived. The analytical results show that an EDFA-based fiber ring laser operating in chaotic mode can provide a degree of polarization (DOP) tunable light beam for effectively suppressing polarization fading noises. The balanced Sagnac interferometer can eliminate command intensity noises and enhance the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Furthermore, it inherently operates at the quadrature point of the response curve without any active stabilizations. Several experiments are conducted for evaluating the performances of the sensor system, as well as for investigating the ability of the detection of high-frequency acoustic emission signals. The experimental results demonstrate that the DOP of the laser beam can be continuously tuned from 0.2% to 100%, and the power fluctuation in the whole DOP tuning range is less than 0.05 dBm. A high-frequency response up to 300 kHz is reached, and the high sensing sensitivity for detections of weak corona discharges, as well as partial discharges also is verified. PMID:24824371

  8. A Fiber Optic PD Sensor Using a Balanced Sagnac Interferometer and an EDFA-Based DOP Tunable Fiber Ring Laser

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Lutang; Fang, Nian; Wu, Chunxu; Qin, Haijuan; Huang, Zhaoming

    2014-01-01

    A novel fiber-optic acoustic sensor using an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA)-based fiber ring laser and a balanced Sagnac interferometer for acoustic sensing of the partial discharge (PD) in power transformers is proposed and demonstrated. As a technical background, an experimental investigation on how the variations of the fiber birefringence affect the sensor performances was carried out, and the results are discussed. The operation principles are described, and the relevant formulas are derived. The analytical results show that an EDFA-based fiber ring laser operating in chaotic mode can provide a degree of polarization (DOP) tunable light beam for effectively suppressing polarization fading noises. The balanced Sagnac interferometer can eliminate command intensity noises and enhance the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Furthermore, it inherently operates at the quadrature point of the response curve without any active stabilizations. Several experiments are conducted for evaluating the performances of the sensor system, as well as for investigating the ability of the detection of high-frequency acoustic emission signals. The experimental results demonstrate that the DOP of the laser beam can be continuously tuned from 0.2% to 100%, and the power fluctuation in the whole DOP tuning range is less than 0.05 dBm. A high-frequency response up to 300 kHz is reached, and the high sensing sensitivity for detections of weak corona discharges, as well as partial discharges also is verified. PMID:24824371

  9. Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Raman Fiber Lasers: A First Passage Statistics Based Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Chattopadhyay, Amit K.; Nasiev, Diar; Sugavanam, Srikanth; Tarasov, Nikita; Churkin, Dmitry V.

    2016-01-01

    Loss of coherence with increasing excitation amplitudes and spatial size modulation is a fundamental problem in designing Raman fiber lasers. While it is known that ramping up laser pump power increases the amplitude of stochastic excitations, such higher energy inputs can also lead to a transition from a linearly stable coherent laminar regime to a non-desirable disordered turbulent state. This report presents a new statistical methodology, based on first passage statistics, that classifies lasing regimes in Raman fiber lasers, thereby leading to a fast and highly accurate identification of a strong instability leading to a laminar-turbulent phase transition through a self-consistently defined order parameter. The results have been consistent across a wide range of pump power values, heralding a breakthrough in the non-invasive analysis of fiber laser dynamics. PMID:27349282

  10. Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Raman Fiber Lasers: A First Passage Statistics Based Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chattopadhyay, Amit K.; Nasiev, Diar; Sugavanam, Srikanth; Tarasov, Nikita; Churkin, Dmitry V.

    2016-06-01

    Loss of coherence with increasing excitation amplitudes and spatial size modulation is a fundamental problem in designing Raman fiber lasers. While it is known that ramping up laser pump power increases the amplitude of stochastic excitations, such higher energy inputs can also lead to a transition from a linearly stable coherent laminar regime to a non-desirable disordered turbulent state. This report presents a new statistical methodology, based on first passage statistics, that classifies lasing regimes in Raman fiber lasers, thereby leading to a fast and highly accurate identification of a strong instability leading to a laminar-turbulent phase transition through a self-consistently defined order parameter. The results have been consistent across a wide range of pump power values, heralding a breakthrough in the non-invasive analysis of fiber laser dynamics.

  11. Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Raman Fiber Lasers: A First Passage Statistics Based Analysis.

    PubMed

    Chattopadhyay, Amit K; Nasiev, Diar; Sugavanam, Srikanth; Tarasov, Nikita; Churkin, Dmitry V

    2016-01-01

    Loss of coherence with increasing excitation amplitudes and spatial size modulation is a fundamental problem in designing Raman fiber lasers. While it is known that ramping up laser pump power increases the amplitude of stochastic excitations, such higher energy inputs can also lead to a transition from a linearly stable coherent laminar regime to a non-desirable disordered turbulent state. This report presents a new statistical methodology, based on first passage statistics, that classifies lasing regimes in Raman fiber lasers, thereby leading to a fast and highly accurate identification of a strong instability leading to a laminar-turbulent phase transition through a self-consistently defined order parameter. The results have been consistent across a wide range of pump power values, heralding a breakthrough in the non-invasive analysis of fiber laser dynamics. PMID:27349282

  12. 2 μm and mid-IR fiber-laser-based sources for OCM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kieleck, C.; Berrou, A.; Kneis, C.; Donelan, B.; Eichhorn, M.

    2014-10-01

    This paper describes new laser sources and non linear conversion setups for 2 μm and mid-IR generation based on fiber technologies developed at ISL. Especially for jamming heat-seeking missiles, these novel designs allow to propose future compact, efficient and integrable laser systems. The specialty of the ISL technology lies in the use of single 2 μm fiber laser oscillators, which deliver the full output peak power to pump optical parametric oscillators or nonlinear fibers. No multi-stage amplifiers at 2 μm or 1.55 μm are necessary to efficiently pump non linear converters to obtained useful energies in the mid-infrared spectral range. This technology leads to efficient, simple and promising setups to be implemented in flying platforms. The best results achieved in continuous-wave (CW), Q-switched (QS) and mode-locked (ML) regimes with fiber lasers based on Tm3+-doped and Tm3+,Ho3+-codoped fibers are presented. Up to 70 W of average power was achieved around 2 μm with a Tm3+-doped fiber in CW regime. In ML regimes, at a repetition rate of 66 MHz, 50 W of average power was reached. In QS regime, up to 32 W of average power was generated around 2 μm with a polarization maintaining Tm3+-doped fiber at a repetition rate of 40 kHz. With a Tm3+,Ho3+-codoped fiber, up to 25 W of average power was obtained around 2070 nm in Q-switched regime. For example at 50 kHz, the pulse duration was around 50 ns at the maximum output power. The M2 was estimated to be less than 1.2. The emission from QS fiber lasers was used to directly pump OP-GaAs and ZGP OPOs. For example, in band II, up to 6.5 W of averaged power was recently obtained from a ZGP OPO pumped by a Tm3+-doped fiber laser. At 40 kHz repetition rate, the pulse duration was around 65 ns at the maximum output power. For 3 W of averaged output power, the M2 of the signal beam was estimated to be less than 2.1 and less than 2.4 for the idler beam. Using a mode-locked Tm3+-doped fiber laser to pump a ZBLAN fiber at an

  13. Three-dimensional graphene based passively mode-locked fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Yang, Y; Loeblein, M; Tsang, S H; Chow, K K; Teo, E H T

    2014-12-15

    We present an all-fiber passively mode-locked fiber laser incorporating three-dimensional (3D) graphene as a saturable absorber (SA) for the first time to the best of our knowledge. The 3D graphene is synthesized by template-directed chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The SA is then simply formed by sandwiching the freestanding 3D graphene between two conventional fiber connectors without any deposition process. It is demonstrated that such 3D graphene based SA is capable to produce high quality mode-locked pulses. A passively mode-locked fiber laser is constructed and stable output pulses with a fundamental repetition rate of ~9.9 MHz and a pulse width of ~1 ps are generated from the fiber laser. The average output power of the laser is ~10.5 mW while the output pulse is operating at single pulse region. The results imply that the freestanding 3D graphene can be applied as an effective saturable absorption material for passively mode-locked lasers. PMID:25607096

  14. Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers

    PubMed Central

    Yao, B. C.; Rao, Y. J.; Wang, Z. N.; Wu, Y.; Zhou, J. H.; Wu, H.; Fan, M. Q.; Cao, X. L.; Zhang, W. L.; Chen, Y. F.; Li, Y. R.; Churkin, D.; Turitsyn, S.; Wong, C. W.

    2015-01-01

    Pulse generation often requires a stabilized cavity and its corresponding mode structure for initial phase-locking. Contrastingly, modeless cavity-free random lasers provide new possibilities for high quantum efficiency lasing that could potentially be widely tunable spectrally and temporally. Pulse generation in random lasers, however, has remained elusive since the discovery of modeless gain lasing. Here we report coherent pulse generation with modeless random lasers based on the unique polarization selectivity and broadband saturable absorption of monolayer graphene. Simultaneous temporal compression of cavity-free pulses are observed with such a polarization modulation, along with a broadly-tunable pulsewidth across two orders of magnitude down to 900 ps, a broadly-tunable repetition rate across three orders of magnitude up to 3 MHz, and a singly-polarized pulse train at 41 dB extinction ratio, about an order of magnitude larger than conventional pulsed fiber lasers. Moreover, our graphene-based pulse formation also demonstrates robust pulse-to-pulse stability and wide-wavelength operation due to the cavity-less feature. Such a graphene-based architecture not only provides a tunable pulsed random laser for fiber-optic sensing, speckle-free imaging, and laser-material processing, but also a new way for the non-random CW fiber lasers to generate widely tunable and singly-polarized pulses. PMID:26687730

  15. 100-watt fiber-based green laser with near diffraction-limited beam quality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Dan; Eisenberg, Eric; Brar, Khush; Yilmaz, Tolga; Honea, Eric

    2010-02-01

    An air-cooled, light-weight, fiber-based, high power green laser has been prototyped. The system consists of an all-fibercoupled IR pump laser at 1064 nm and a frequency-conversion module in a compact and flexible configuration. The IR laser operates in QCW mode, with 10 MHz pulse repetition frequency and 3-5 ns pulse width, to generate sufficient peak power for frequency doubling in the converter module. The IR laser can produce more than 200 W in a linearlypolarized diffraction-limited output beam with high spectral brightness for frequency conversion. The converter module has an input telescope and an oven with a nonlinear crystal to efficiently convert the 1064-nm IR fiber laser output to 532-nm green output. The IR laser and conversion module are connected via a stainless-steel protected delivery fiber for optical beam delivery and an electrical cable harness for electrical power delivery and system control. The beam quality of the 532 nm output remains near diffraction-limited, with M2<1.4. Up to 101 W of 532 nm output was demonstrated and multi-hour runs were characterized at 75 W output. The weights of the IR laser package and doubler are 69 lbs and 14 lbs respectively. An overview of the system and full characterization results will be presented. Such compact, highbrightness green laser sources are expected to enable various scientific, defense and industrial applications.

  16. Endoluminal non-contact soft tissue ablation using fiber-based Er:YAG laser delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kundrat, Dennis; Fuchs, Alexander; Schoob, Andreas; Kahrs, Lüder A.; Ortmaier, Tobias

    2016-03-01

    The introduction of Er:YAG lasers for soft and hard tissue ablation has proven promising results over the last decades due to strong absorption at 2.94 μm wavelength by water molecules. An extension to endoluminal applications demands laser delivery without mirror arms due to dimensional constraints. Therefore, fiber-based solutions are advanced to provide exible access while keeping space requirements to a minimum. Conventional fiber-based treatments aim at laser-tissue interactions in contact mode. However, this procedure is associated with disadvantages such as advancing decrease in power delivery due to particle coverage of the fiber tip, tissue carbonization, and obstructed observation of the ablation progress. The objective of this work is to overcome aforementioned limitations with a customized fiber-based module for non-contact robot-assisted endoluminal surgery and its associated experimental evaluation. Up to the authors knowledge, this approach has not been presented in the context of laser surgery at 2.94 μm wavelength. The preliminary system design is composed of a 3D Er:YAG laser processing unit enabling automatic laser to fiber coupling, a GeO2 solid core fiber, and a customized module combining collimation and focusing unit (focal length of 20 mm, outer diameter of 8 mm). The performance is evaluated with studies on tissue substitutes (agar-agar) as well as porcine samples that are analysed by optical coherence tomography measurements. Cuts (depths up to 3mm) with minimal carbonization have been achieved under adequate moistening and sample movement (1.5mms-1). Furthermore, an early cadaver study is presented. Future work aims at module miniaturization and integration into an endoluminal robot for scanning and focus adaptation.

  17. Research of fiber carbon dioxide sensing system based laser absorption spectrum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Yubin; Zhang, Tingting; Li, Yanfang; Zhao, Yanjie; Wang, Chang; Liu, Tongyu

    2012-02-01

    Carbon dioxide is one of the important gas need to be detected in coal mine safety. In the mine limited ventilation environment, Concentration of carbon dioxide directly affects the health of coal miners. Carbon dioxide is also one of important signature Gas in spontaneous combustion forecasting of coal goaf area, it is important to accurately detect concentration of carbon dioxide in coal goaf area. This paper proposed a fiber carbon dioxide online sensing system based on tunable diode laser spectroscopy. The system used laser absorption spectroscopy and optical fiber sensors combined, and a near-infrared wavelength 1608nm fiber-coupled distributed feedback laser (DFB) as a light source and a 7cm length gas cell, to achieve a high sensitivity concentration detection of carbon dioxide gas. The technical specifications of sensing system can basically meet the need of mine safety.

  18. Ferrofluid-based optical fiber magnetic field sensor fabricated by femtosecond laser irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Yang; Yuan, Lei; Hua, Liwei; Zhang, Qi; Lei, Jincheng; Huang, Jie; Xiao, Hai

    2016-02-01

    Optofluid system has been more and more attractive in optical sensing applications such as chemical and biological analysis as it incorporates the unique features from both integrated optics and microfluidics. In recent years, various optofluid based structures have been investigated in/on an optical fiber platform which is referred to as "lab in/on a fiber". Among those integrated structures, femto-second laser micromaching technique plays an important role due to its high precision fabrication, flexible design, 3D capability, and compatible with other methods. Here we present a ferrofluid based optical fiber magnetic field sensor fabricated by femtosecond (fs) laser irradiation .With the help of fs laser micromaching technique, a micro-reservoir made by capillary tube assembled in a single mode optical fiber could be fabricated. The micro-reservoir functions as a fiber inline Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity which is filled by ferrofluid liquid. The refractive index of the ferrofluid varies as the surrounding magnetic field strength changes, which can be optically probed by the FP interferometer. A fringe visibility of up to 30 dB can be achieved with a detection limit of around 0.4 Gausses. Due to the fabrication, micro-reservoirs can be assembled with optical fiber and distinguished through a microwave-photonic interrogation system. A quasi-distributed magnetic field sensing application has been demonstrated with a high spatial resolution of around 10 cm.

  19. Type IIa Bragg grating based ultra-short DBR fiber laser with high temperature resistance.

    PubMed

    Ran, Yang; Feng, Fu-Rong; Liang, Yi-Zhi; Jin, Long; Guan, Bai-Ou

    2015-12-15

    We report on the fabrication of a thermally resistant ultra-short distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber laser based on the photo inscription of two wavelength-matched type IIa gratings in a thin-core Er-doped fiber. With continuous UV exposure, each Bragg reflector initially grows as a type I grating, followed by decay in strength, and then re-grows as a type IIa grating with enhanced thermal resistance. The DBR laser, with an entire length of 13 mm, can stably operate at 600°C with single longitude mode, which provides potential applications in high temperature environments. PMID:26670491

  20. Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scattering in the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Zhijia; Zhang, Qun; Miao, Bo; Fu, Qiang; Zou, Gang; Chen, Yang; Luo, Yi; Zhang, Douguo; Wang, Pei; Ming, Hai; Zhang, Qijin

    2012-12-01

    We demonstrate the realization of a coherent random fiber laser (RFL) in the extremely weakly scattering regime, which contains a dispersive solution of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes nanoparticles (NPs) and laser dye pyrromethene 597 in carbon disulfide that was injected into a hollow optical fiber. Multiple scattering of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes NPs greatly enhanced by the waveguide confinement effect was experimentally verified to account for coherent lasing observed in our RFL system. This Letter extends the NPs-based RFLs from the incoherent regime to the coherent regime.

  1. Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser with ultra-narrow linewidth based on Rayleigh backscattering.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Tao; Zhang, Baomei; Shi, Leilei; Huang, Shihong; Deng, Ming; Liu, Jianguo; Li, Xiong

    2016-01-25

    Dual-wavelength fiber lasers with ultra-narrow linewidth find wide applications in high-speed optical communications, fiber optic sensors, high resolution measurements and medical instruments and microwave or terahertz generation systems. Based on the linewidth compression mechanism due to Rayleigh backscattering, this paper adopts a simple ring structure cooperated with two fiber Bragg gratings centered at 1550 nm and 1530 nm respectively, achieving a dual-wavelength fiber laser with ultra-narrow linewidth, with a 3dB linewidth of ~700 Hz for each wavelength, and the SNR of 60dB. Tuning the center wavelength of one of the two FBGs while the other one keeps unchanged, the fiber laser keeps stable dual-wavelength lasing and the linewidth is still ~700 Hz. It can be seen that the compression for the linewidth based on the Rayleigh backscattering can be used in multi-wavelength laser systems, and because of the characteristic of the Rayleigh backscattering, the method has great potential in the application of wide wavelength range linewidth compression from the ultraviolet to the far infrared. PMID:26832513

  2. Truly random bit generation based on a novel random Brillouin fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Xiang, Dao; Lu, Ping; Xu, Yanping; Gao, Song; Chen, Liang; Bao, Xiaoyi

    2015-11-15

    We propose a novel dual-emission random Brillouin fiber laser (RBFL) with bidirectional pumping operation. Numerical simulations and experimental verification of the chaotic temporal and statistical properties of the RBFL are conducted, revealing intrinsic unpredictable intensity fluctuations and two completely uncorrelated laser outputs. A random bit generator based on quantum noise sources in the random Fabry-Perot resonator of the RBFL is realized at a bit rate of 5 Mbps with verified randomness. PMID:26565888

  3. Continuous glucose determination using fiber-based tunable mid-infrared laser spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Songlin; Li, Dachao; Chong, Hao; Sun, Changyue; Xu, Kexin

    2014-04-01

    Wavelength-tunable laser spectroscopy in combination with a small-sized fiber-optic attenuated total reflection (ATR) sensor (fiber-based evanescent field analysis, FEFA) is reported for the continuous measurement of the glucose level. We propose a method of controlling and stabilizing the wavelength and power of laser emission and present a newly developed mid-infrared wavelength-tunable laser with a broad emission spectrum band of 9.19-9.77 μm (1024-1088 cm-1). The novel small-sized flow-through fiber-optic ATR sensor with long optical sensing length was used for glucose level determination. The experimental results indicate that the noise-equivalent concentration of this laser measurement system is as low as 3.8 mg/dL, which is among the most precise glucose measurements using mid-infrared spectroscopy. The sensitivity, which is three times that of conventional Fourier transform infrared spectrometer, was acquired because of the higher laser power and higher spectral resolution. The best prediction of the glucose concentration in phosphate buffered saline solution was achieved using the five-variable partial least-squares model, yielding a root-mean-square error of prediction as small as 3.5 mg/dL. The high sensitivity, multiple tunable wavelengths and small fiber-based sensor with long optical sensing length make glucose determination possible in blood or interstitial fluid in vivo.

  4. Fiber-Type Random Laser Based on a Cylindrical Waveguide with a Disordered Cladding Layer.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wei Li; Zheng, Meng Ya; Ma, Rui; Gong, Chao Yang; Yang, Zhao Ji; Peng, Gang Ding; Rao, Yun Jiang

    2016-01-01

    This letter reports a fiber-type random laser (RL) which is made from a capillary coated with a disordered layer at its internal surface and filled with a gain (laser dye) solution in the core region. This fiber-type optical structure, with the disordered layer providing randomly scattered light into the gain region and the cylindrical waveguide providing confinement of light, assists the formation of random lasing modes and enables a flexible and efficient way of making random lasers. We found that the RL is sensitive to laser dye concentration in the core region and there exists a fine exponential relationship between the lasing intensity and particle concentration in the gain solution. The proposed structure could be a fine platform of realizing random lasing and random lasing based sensing. PMID:27220636

  5. Fiber-Type Random Laser Based on a Cylindrical Waveguide with a Disordered Cladding Layer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Wei Li; Zheng, Meng Ya; Ma, Rui; Gong, Chao Yang; Yang, Zhao Ji; Peng, Gang Ding; Rao, Yun Jiang

    2016-05-01

    This letter reports a fiber-type random laser (RL) which is made from a capillary coated with a disordered layer at its internal surface and filled with a gain (laser dye) solution in the core region. This fiber-type optical structure, with the disordered layer providing randomly scattered light into the gain region and the cylindrical waveguide providing confinement of light, assists the formation of random lasing modes and enables a flexible and efficient way of making random lasers. We found that the RL is sensitive to laser dye concentration in the core region and there exists a fine exponential relationship between the lasing intensity and particle concentration in the gain solution. The proposed structure could be a fine platform of realizing random lasing and random lasing based sensing.

  6. Fiber-Type Random Laser Based on a Cylindrical Waveguide with a Disordered Cladding Layer

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Wei Li; Zheng, Meng Ya; Ma, Rui; Gong, Chao Yang; Yang, Zhao Ji; Peng, Gang Ding; Rao, Yun Jiang

    2016-01-01

    This letter reports a fiber-type random laser (RL) which is made from a capillary coated with a disordered layer at its internal surface and filled with a gain (laser dye) solution in the core region. This fiber-type optical structure, with the disordered layer providing randomly scattered light into the gain region and the cylindrical waveguide providing confinement of light, assists the formation of random lasing modes and enables a flexible and efficient way of making random lasers. We found that the RL is sensitive to laser dye concentration in the core region and there exists a fine exponential relationship between the lasing intensity and particle concentration in the gain solution. The proposed structure could be a fine platform of realizing random lasing and random lasing based sensing. PMID:27220636

  7. Experimental investigation of thermal effects and PCT on FBGs-based linearly polarized fiber laser performance.

    PubMed

    Huang, Long; Ma, Pengfei; Tao, Rumao; Shi, Chen; Wang, Xiaolin; Zhou, Pu

    2015-04-20

    We experimentally study the impacts of thermal effects and polarization crosstalk (PCT) on the performance of FBGs-based linearly polarized all-fiber laser. The mechanism that the thermal effects and PCT influence the performance of the laser is analyzed. Thermally-dependent reflection peaks of polarization maintaining (PM) fiber Bragg gratings are revealed to be the prime reason why temperature influences spectrum, output power, and polarization property of the laser. The PCT would also influence the performance of the laser seriously in the case of mismatched angle even with effectively overlapped spectrum. It is revealed experimentally that stable linearly polarized output can be obtained if a certain pair of aligned principal axes of PM FBGs is not only spectrally overlapped but also strictly angle matched. Further, we point out that accurate temperature control and careful angle match are essential for stable linearly polarized output and even possible power scaling further. PMID:25969091

  8. Genetic algorithm based optimization of pulse profile for MOPA based high power fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jiawei; Tang, Ming; Shi, Jun; Fu, Songnian; Li, Lihua; Liu, Ying; Cheng, Xueping; Liu, Jian; Shum, Ping

    2015-03-01

    Although the Master Oscillator Power-Amplifier (MOPA) based fiber laser has received much attention for laser marking process due to its large tunabilty of pulse duration (from 10ns to 1ms), repetition rate (100Hz to 500kHz), high peak power and extraordinary heat dissipating capability, the output pulse deformation due to the saturation effect of fiber amplifier is detrimental for many applications. We proposed and demonstrated that, by utilizing Genetic algorithm (GA) based optimization technique, the input pulse profile from the master oscillator (current-driven laser diode) could be conveniently optimized to achieve targeted output pulse shape according to real parameters' constraints. In this work, an Yb-doped high power fiber amplifier is considered and a 200ns square shaped pulse profile is the optimization target. Since the input pulse with longer leading edge and shorter trailing edge can compensate the saturation effect, linear, quadratic and cubic polynomial functions are used to describe the input pulse with limited number of unknowns(<5). Coefficients of the polynomial functions are the optimization objects. With reasonable cost and hardware limitations, the cubic input pulse with 4 coefficients is found to be the best as the output amplified pulse can achieve excellent flatness within the square shape. Considering the bandwidth constraint of practical electronics, we examined high-frequency component cut-off effect of input pulses and found that the optimized cubic input pulses with 300MHz bandwidth is still quite acceptable to satisfy the requirement for the amplified output pulse and it is feasible to establish such a pulse generator in real applications.

  9. All-fiber based amplification of 40 ps pulses from a gain-switched laser diode.

    PubMed

    Kanzelmeyer, Sebastian; Sayinc, Hakan; Theeg, Thomas; Frede, Maik; Neumann, Joerg; Kracht, Dietmar

    2011-01-31

    Amplification of a gain-switched laser diode is demonstrated in an all-fiber based setup. The amplified spontaneous emission between two consecutive pulses was investigated quantitatively in the time domain. A maximum pulse energy of 13 µJ at a repetition rate of 1 MHz and a pulse duration of 40 ps was extracted, corresponding to a peak power of 270 KW. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest extracted pulse energy from a laser system seeded by a gain-switched laser diode. Temporal pulse deformation due to intrapulse Raman scattering was observed in the reported system. PMID:21369000

  10. Noninvasive respiration movement sensor based on distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser with beat frequency interrogation.

    PubMed

    Wo, Jianghai; Wang, He; Sun, Qizhen; Shum, Perry Ping; Liu, Deming

    2014-01-01

    A distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser-based respiration movement monitoring system has been proposed and experimentally demonstrated. To fabricate the sensing element for respiration monitoring, a fixture that consists of a plastic plate, a section of elastic textile is employed to experience and transfer the belly expansion induced pressure onto the cross-section of the laser cavity. By tracing the change of the beat signal that generates between two polarization lasing modes, the information of the respiration movement can be extracted in real time. Experimental studies have demonstrated that the system is able to detect both respiration waveform and rate simultaneously. Moreover, the recorded results show that the different gestures as well as the physiology conditions can be distinguished by monitoring the amplitude and period change of the waveform. It is anticipated that the proposed fiber laser-based sensor would be highly suitable for respiratory monitoring. PMID:24441944

  11. Multiphoton microscopy system with a compact fiber-based femtosecond-pulse laser and handheld probe.

    PubMed

    Liu, Gangjun; Kieu, Khanh; Wise, Frank W; Chen, Zhongping

    2011-01-01

    We report on the development of a compact multiphoton microscopy (MPM) system that integrates a compact and robust fiber laser with a miniature probe. The all normal dispersion fiber femtosecond laser has a central wavelength of 1.06 μm, pulse width of 125 fs and average power of more than 1 W. A double cladding photonic crystal fiber was used to deliver the excitation beam and to collect the two-photon signal. The hand-held probe included galvanometer-based mirror scanners, relay lenses and a focusing lens. The packaged probe had a diameter of 16 mm. Second harmonic generation (SHG) images and two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) images of biological tissues were demonstrated using the system. PMID:20635426

  12. A cantilever based optical fiber acoustic sensor fabricated by femtosecond laser micromachining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jie; Yuan, Lei; Huang, Jie; Xiao, Hai

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, we present a pure silica micro-cantilever based optical fiber sensor for acoustic wave detection. The cantilever is directly fabricated by fs laser micromachining on an optical fiber tip functioning as an inline Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI). The applied acoustic wave pressurizes the micro-cantilever beam and the corresponding dynamic signals can be probed by the FPI. The thickness, length, and width of the micro-cantilever beam can be flexibly designed and fabricated so that the sensitivity, frequency response, and the total measurement range can be varied to fit many practical applications. Experimental results will be presented and analyzed. Due to the assembly free fabrication of the fs-laser, multiple micro-cantilever beams could be potentially fabricated in/on a single optical fiber for quasi-distributed acoustic mapping with high spatial resolution.

  13. Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jingmin; Li, Xingliang; Zhang, Shumin; Zhang, Han; Yan, Peiguang; Han, Mengmeng; Pang, Zhaoguang; Yang, Zhenjun

    2016-01-01

    Topological insulators (TIs), are novel two-dimension materials, which can act as effective saturable absorbers (SAs) in a fiber laser. Moreover, based on the evanescent wave interaction, deposition of the TI on microfiber would create an effective SA, which has combined advantages from the strong nonlinear optical response in TI material together with the sufficiently-long-range interaction length in fiber taper. By using this type of TI SA, various scalar solitons have been obtained in fiber lasers. However, a single mode fiber always exhibits birefringence, and hence can support two orthogonal degenerate modes. Here we investigate experimentally the vector characters of a TI SA fiber laser. Using the saturated absorption and the high nonlinearity of the TI SA, a rich variety of dynamic states, including polarization-locked dark pulses and their harmonic mode locked counterparts, polarization-locked noise-like pulses and their harmonic mode locked counterparts, incoherently coupled polarization domain wall pulses, including bright square pulses, bright-dark pulse pairs, dark pulses and bright square pulse-dark pulse pairs are all observed with different pump powers and polarization states. PMID:27381942

  14. Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jingmin; Li, Xingliang; Zhang, Shumin; Zhang, Han; Yan, Peiguang; Han, Mengmeng; Pang, Zhaoguang; Yang, Zhenjun

    2016-07-01

    Topological insulators (TIs), are novel two-dimension materials, which can act as effective saturable absorbers (SAs) in a fiber laser. Moreover, based on the evanescent wave interaction, deposition of the TI on microfiber would create an effective SA, which has combined advantages from the strong nonlinear optical response in TI material together with the sufficiently-long-range interaction length in fiber taper. By using this type of TI SA, various scalar solitons have been obtained in fiber lasers. However, a single mode fiber always exhibits birefringence, and hence can support two orthogonal degenerate modes. Here we investigate experimentally the vector characters of a TI SA fiber laser. Using the saturated absorption and the high nonlinearity of the TI SA, a rich variety of dynamic states, including polarization-locked dark pulses and their harmonic mode locked counterparts, polarization-locked noise-like pulses and their harmonic mode locked counterparts, incoherently coupled polarization domain wall pulses, including bright square pulses, bright-dark pulse pairs, dark pulses and bright square pulse-dark pulse pairs are all observed with different pump powers and polarization states.

  15. Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Jingmin; Li, Xingliang; Zhang, Shumin; Zhang, Han; Yan, Peiguang; Han, Mengmeng; Pang, Zhaoguang; Yang, Zhenjun

    2016-01-01

    Topological insulators (TIs), are novel two-dimension materials, which can act as effective saturable absorbers (SAs) in a fiber laser. Moreover, based on the evanescent wave interaction, deposition of the TI on microfiber would create an effective SA, which has combined advantages from the strong nonlinear optical response in TI material together with the sufficiently-long-range interaction length in fiber taper. By using this type of TI SA, various scalar solitons have been obtained in fiber lasers. However, a single mode fiber always exhibits birefringence, and hence can support two orthogonal degenerate modes. Here we investigate experimentally the vector characters of a TI SA fiber laser. Using the saturated absorption and the high nonlinearity of the TI SA, a rich variety of dynamic states, including polarization-locked dark pulses and their harmonic mode locked counterparts, polarization-locked noise-like pulses and their harmonic mode locked counterparts, incoherently coupled polarization domain wall pulses, including bright square pulses, bright-dark pulse pairs, dark pulses and bright square pulse-dark pulse pairs are all observed with different pump powers and polarization states. PMID:27381942

  16. Demodulation of a fiber Bragg grating sensor system based on a linear cavity multi-wavelength fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cong, Shan; Sun, Yunxu; Pan, Lifeng; Fang, Yating; Tian, Jiajun; Yang, Yanfu; Yong, Yao

    2011-12-01

    A fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor demodulation scheme based on a multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) with linear cavity configuration is presented and demonstrated. The scheme is one linear fiber laser cavity with two FBG sensors as its filters. One is for strain sensing, and the other one is for temperature compensation. A power-symmetric nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) is utilized in the laser in order to suppress the mode competition and hole-burning effect to lase two wavelengths output that correspond with two FBG sensors. The sensing quantity, which is demodulated by spectrometer, is represented by the output wavelength shift of the EDFL with temperature and strain applying on FBG sensors. In the experiment, strain measurement with a minimize resolution of 0.746μɛ, i.e. 0.9pm and adjustable linear sensitivity are achieved. Due to utilizing the linear cavity multi-wavelength EDFL with a NOLM as the light source, the scheme also exhibits important advantages including obviously high signal and noise ratio (SNR) of 40.467dB and low power consuming comparing with common FBG sensors with broadband light as the light source.

  17. Improved low concentration gas detection system based on intracavity fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Hongxia; Liu, Kun; Jia, Dagong; Xu, Tianhua; Liu, Tiegen; Peng, Gangding; Jing, Wencai; Zhang, Yimo

    2011-02-01

    The improvement of a low concentration gas detection system based on the intracavity fiber laser is proposed in this paper. The sensitivity of the system is deduced based on Lambert-Beer law. The optimized system was established with the gas cell made elaborately. In order to apply the wavelength sweeping technique, the fiber Bragg grating reflector was substituted by the wavelength independent Faraday rotation reflector. The sensitivity of the system for acetylene detection is reduced to less than 100 ppm by using the average of three absorption spectra. The acetylene detection coefficients of variation with different concentrations are measured. The gas measurement system is validated to detect low concentration gas effectively.

  18. Switchable dual-wavelength fiber laser based on PCF Sagnac loop and broadband FBG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Weiguo; Lou, Shuqin; Feng, Suchun; Wang, Liwen; Li, Honglei; Guo, Tieying; Jian, Shuisheng

    2009-11-01

    Switchable dual-wavelength fiber laser with photonic crystal fiber (PCF) Sagnac loop and broadband fiber Bragg grating (BFBG) at room temperature is demonstrated. By adjusting the polarization controller (PC) appropriately, the laser can be switched between the stable single- and dual-wavelength lasing operations by exploiting polarization hole burning (PHB) and spectral hole burning effects (SHB).

  19. Q-switched fiber laser based on an acousto-optic modulator with injection seeding technique.

    PubMed

    Li, Wencai; Liu, Haowei; Zhang, Ji; Long, Hu; Feng, Sujuan; Mao, Qinghe

    2016-06-10

    The operation mechanism and the pulse property of an actively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) switch with the injection seeding technique are investigated. Our results show that the Q-switched pulses can be locked to oscillate near a fixed frequency higher than that of the seed laser, though the frequency-shift effect of the AOM impedes stable cavity mode oscillations. The operation mechanism of such Q-switch fiber lasers can be explained by the mutual locking-in among the shifted frequency components originated from the injected coherence seed with the help of the gain dynamics of the Q-switch cavity. Moreover, narrow-linewidth Q-switched pulses with different repetition rates can be obtained with different cavity lengths for incredibly stable output pulses without any use of cavity-stabilized techniques. PMID:27409015

  20. Switchable and multi-wavelength linear fiber laser based on Fabry-Perot and Mach-Zehnder interferometers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gutierrez-Gutierrez, J.; Rojas-Laguna, R.; Estudillo-Ayala, J. M.; Sierra-Hernández, J. M.; Jauregui-Vazquez, D.; Vargas-Treviño, M.; Tepech-Carrillo, L.; Grajales-Coutiño, R.

    2016-09-01

    In this manuscript, switchable and multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser arrangement, based on Fabry-Perot (FPI) and Mach-Zehnder (MZI) interferometers is presented. Here, the FPI is composed by two air-microcavities set into the tip of conventional single mode fiber, this one is used as a partially reflecting mirror and lasing modes generator. And the MZI fabricated by splicing a segment of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) between a single-mode fiber section, was set into an optical fiber loop mirror that acts as full-reflecting and wavelength selective filter. Both interferometers, promotes a cavity oscillation into the fiber laser configuration, besides by curvature applied over the MZI, the fiber laser generates: single, double, triple and quadruple laser emissions with a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 30 dB. These laser emissions can be switching between them from 1525 nm to 1534 nm by adjusting the curvature radius over the MZI. This laser fiber offers a wavelength and power stability at room temperature, compactness and low implementation cost. Moreover the linear laser proposed can be used in several fields such as spectroscopy, telecommunications and fiber optic sensing systems.

  1. Bragg grating-based fiber laser vibration sensing system with novel phase detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xiufeng; Chen, Zhihao; Teo, Ju Teng; Ng, Soon Huat

    2014-01-01

    We characterized the dynamic response of a Bragg grating-based fiber laser sensing system. The sensing system comprises of a narrow line width fiber laser based on π-phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating formed in an active fiber, an unbalanced fiber Michelson interferometer (FMI), which performs wavelength-to-phase mapping, and a phase detection algorithm, which acquires the phase change from the interferometric output signal. The novel phase detection algorithm is developed based on the combination of the two traditional phase generated carrier algorithms: differential-cross-multiplying and arctangent algorithms, and possesses the advantages of the two algorithms. The modulation depth fluctuation of the carrier does not affect the performance of the sensing system. A relatively high side mode suppression ratio of above 50 dB has been achieved within a wide range of carrier amplitude from 1.6 to 5.0 V which correspond to the modulation depth from 1.314 to 4.106 rad. The linearity is 99.082% for the relationship between the power spectral density (dBm/Hz) of the detected signal and the amplitude (mv) of the test signal. The unbalanced FMI is used to eliminate the polarization effect.

  2. Development of A Semiconductor Laser Based High Temperature Fine Thermal Energy Source in an Optical Fiber Tip for Clinical Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujimoto, Takahiro; Imai, Yusuke; Tei, Kazuyoku; Yamaguchi, Shigeru

    2013-05-01

    A new technique for generating high temperatures on the surface of an optical fiber is developed for medical applications using lower-power semiconductor lasers with output powers lower than 10 W. Using a power level of 4-6 W semiconductor laser with a pulse duration of 180 ms at a wavelength of 980 nm, a laser-coupled fiber tip was once processed to contain a certain amount of Ti with a depth of 100 µm from the tip surface so that the laser energy could be efficiently absorbed to be transferred to thermal energy. With consecutive laser pulse irradiation, the tip processed fiber (TP fiber) served as a reproducible fine heat source whose temperature was measured to be in excess 3100 K based on two-color thermometry. Processing of ceramic and niobium plate, which are hardly ablated with direct low power (6 W) irradiation, was successfully demonstrated by contacting the TP fiber excited with the same power.

  3. Mid-infrared gas filled photonic crystal fiber laser based on population inversion.

    PubMed

    Jones, Andrew M; Nampoothiri, A V Vasudevan; Ratanavis, Amarin; Fiedler, Tobias; Wheeler, Natalie V; Couny, François; Kadel, Rajesh; Benabid, Fetah; Washburn, Brian R; Corwin, Kristan L; Rudolph, Wolfgang

    2011-01-31

    We demonstrate for the first time an optically pumped gas laser based on population inversion using a hollow core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF). The HC-PCF filled with 12C2H2 gas is pumped with ~5 ns pulses at 1.52 μm and lases at 3.12 μm and 3.16 μm in the mid-infrared spectral region. The maximum measured laser pulse energy of ~6 nJ was obtained at a gas pressure of 7 torr with a fiber with 20 dB/m loss near the lasing wavelengths. While the measured slope efficiencies of this prototype did not exceed a few percent due mainly to linear losses of the fiber at the laser wavelengths, 25% slope efficiency and pulse energies of a few mJ are the predicted limits of this laser. Simulations of the laser's behavior agree qualitatively with experimental observations. PMID:21369049

  4. Upstream capacity upgrade in TDM-PON using RSOA based tunable fiber ring laser.

    PubMed

    Yi, Lilin; Li, Zhengxuan; Dong, Yi; Xiao, Shilin; Chen, Jian; Hu, Weisheng

    2012-04-23

    An upstream multi-wavelength shared (UMWS) time division multiplexing passive optical network (TDM-PON) is presented by using a reflective semiconductor amplifier (RSOA) and tunable optical filter (TOF) based directly modulated fiber ring laser as upstream laser source. The stable laser operation is easily achieved no matter what the bandwidth and shape of the TOF is and it can be directly modulated when the RSOA is driven at its saturation region. In this UMWS TDM-PON system, an individual wavelength can be assigned to the user who has a high bandwidth demand by tuning the central wavelength of the TOF in its upgraded optical network unit (ONU), while others maintain their traditional ONU structure and share the bandwidth via time slots, which greatly and dynamically upgrades the upstream capacity. We experimentally demonstrated the bidirectional transmission of downstream data at 10-Gb/s and upstream data at 1.25-Gb/s per wavelength over 25-km single mode fiber (SMF) with almost no power penalty at both ends. A stable performance is observed for the upstream wavelength tuned from 1530 nm to 1595 nm. Moreover, due to the high extinction ratio (ER) of the upstream signal, the burst-mode transmitting is successfully presented and a better time-division multiplexing performance can be obtained by turning off the unused lasers thanks to the rapid formation of the laser in the fiber ring. PMID:22535132

  5. Fiber-Based, Spatially and Temporally Shaped Picosecond UV Laser for Advanced RF Gun Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Shverdin, M Y; Anderson, S G; Betts, S M; Gibson, D J; Hartemann, F V; Hernandez, J E; Johnson, M; Jovanovic, I; Messerly, M; Pruet, J; Tremaine, A M; McNabb, D P; Siders, C W; Barty, C J

    2007-06-08

    The fiber-based, spatially and temporally shaped, picosecond UV laser system described here has been specifically designed for advanced rf gun applications, with a special emphasis on the production of high-brightness electron beams for free-electron lasers and Compton scattering light sources. The laser pulse can be shaped to a flat-top in both space and time with a duration of 10 ps at full width of half-maximum (FWHM) and rise and fall times under 1 ps. The expected pulse energy is 50 {micro}J at 261.75 nm and the spot size diameter of the beam at the photocathode is 2 mm. A fiber oscillator and amplifier system generates a chirped pump pulse at 1047 nm; stretching is achieved in a chirped fiber Bragg grating. A single multi-layer dielectric grating based compressor recompresses the input pulse to 250 fs FWHM and a two stage harmonic converter frequency quadruples the beam. Temporal shaping is achieved with a Michelson-based ultrafast pulse stacking device with nearly 100% throughput. Spatial shaping is achieved by truncating the beam at the 20% energy level with an iris and relay-imaging the resulting beam profile onto the photocathode. The integration of the system, as well as preliminary laser measurements will be presented.

  6. Power scaling analysis of fiber lasers and amplifiers based on non-silica materials

    SciTech Connect

    Dawson, J W; Messerly, M J; Heebner, J E; Pax, P H; Sridharan, A K; Bullington, A L; Beach, R J; Siders, C W; Barty, C P; Dubinskii, M

    2010-03-30

    A developed formalism for analyzing the power scaling of diffraction limited fiber lasers and amplifiers is applied to a wider range of materials. Limits considered include thermal rupture, thermal lensing, melting of the core, stimulated Raman scattering, stimulated Brillouin scattering, optical damage, bend induced limits on core diameter and limits to coupling of pump diode light into the fiber. For conventional fiber lasers based upon silica, the single aperture, diffraction limited power limit was found to be 36.6kW. This is a hard upper limit that results from an interaction of the stimulated Raman scattering with thermal lensing. This result is dependent only upon physical constants of the material and is independent of the core diameter or fiber length. Other materials will have different results both in terms of ultimate power out and which of the many limits is the determining factor in the results. Materials considered include silica doped with Tm and Er, YAG and YAG based ceramics and Yb doped phosphate glass. Pros and cons of the various materials and their current state of development will be assessed. In particular the impact of excess background loss on laser efficiency is discussed.

  7. A multi-point laser Doppler vibrometer with fiber-based configuration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, C.; Guo, M.; Liu, H.; Yan, K.; Xu, Y. J.; Miao, H.; Fu, Y.

    2013-12-01

    Laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) is a non-contact optical interferometric system to measure vibrations of structures and machines with a high precision. Normal LDV can only offer a single-point measurement. Scanning LDV is usually impractical to do measurement on transient events. In this paper, a fiber-based self-synchronized multi-point LDV is proposed. The multiple laser beams with different frequency shifts are generated from one laser source. The beams are projected onto a vibrating object, reflected and interfered with a common reference beam. The signal including vibration information of multiple spatial points is captured by one single-pixel photodetector. The optical system is mainly integrated by fiber components for flexibility in measurement. Two experiments are conducted to measure a steady-state simple harmonic vibration of a cantilever beam and a transient vibration of a beam clamped at both ends. In the first measurement, a numerical interpolation is applied to reconstruct the mode shape with increased number of data points. The vibration mode obtained is compared with that from FEM simulation. In transient vibration measurement, the first five resonant frequencies are obtained. The results show the new-reported fiber-based multipoint LDV can offer a vibration measurement on various spatial points simultaneously. With the flexibility of fiber configuration, it becomes more practical for dynamic structural evaluation in industrial areas.

  8. A multi-point laser Doppler vibrometer with fiber-based configuration.

    PubMed

    Yang, C; Guo, M; Liu, H; Yan, K; Xu, Y J; Miao, H; Fu, Y

    2013-12-01

    Laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) is a non-contact optical interferometric system to measure vibrations of structures and machines with a high precision. Normal LDV can only offer a single-point measurement. Scanning LDV is usually impractical to do measurement on transient events. In this paper, a fiber-based self-synchronized multi-point LDV is proposed. The multiple laser beams with different frequency shifts are generated from one laser source. The beams are projected onto a vibrating object, reflected and interfered with a common reference beam. The signal including vibration information of multiple spatial points is captured by one single-pixel photodetector. The optical system is mainly integrated by fiber components for flexibility in measurement. Two experiments are conducted to measure a steady-state simple harmonic vibration of a cantilever beam and a transient vibration of a beam clamped at both ends. In the first measurement, a numerical interpolation is applied to reconstruct the mode shape with increased number of data points. The vibration mode obtained is compared with that from FEM simulation. In transient vibration measurement, the first five resonant frequencies are obtained. The results show the new-reported fiber-based multipoint LDV can offer a vibration measurement on various spatial points simultaneously. With the flexibility of fiber configuration, it becomes more practical for dynamic structural evaluation in industrial areas. PMID:24387407

  9. A multi-point laser Doppler vibrometer with fiber-based configuration

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, C.; Guo, M.; Liu, H.; Yan, K.; Xu, Y. J.; Fu, Y.; Miao, H.

    2013-12-15

    Laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) is a non-contact optical interferometric system to measure vibrations of structures and machines with a high precision. Normal LDV can only offer a single-point measurement. Scanning LDV is usually impractical to do measurement on transient events. In this paper, a fiber-based self-synchronized multi-point LDV is proposed. The multiple laser beams with different frequency shifts are generated from one laser source. The beams are projected onto a vibrating object, reflected and interfered with a common reference beam. The signal including vibration information of multiple spatial points is captured by one single-pixel photodetector. The optical system is mainly integrated by fiber components for flexibility in measurement. Two experiments are conducted to measure a steady-state simple harmonic vibration of a cantilever beam and a transient vibration of a beam clamped at both ends. In the first measurement, a numerical interpolation is applied to reconstruct the mode shape with increased number of data points. The vibration mode obtained is compared with that from FEM simulation. In transient vibration measurement, the first five resonant frequencies are obtained. The results show the new-reported fiber-based multipoint LDV can offer a vibration measurement on various spatial points simultaneously. With the flexibility of fiber configuration, it becomes more practical for dynamic structural evaluation in industrial areas.

  10. Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Xu-De; Luo, Zhi-Chao; Liu, Hao; Liu, Meng; Luo, Ai-Ping Xu, Wen-Cheng

    2014-10-20

    We reported on the femtosecond pulse generation from an erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser by using microfiber-based gold nanorods (GNRs) as saturable absorber (SA). By virtue of the geometric characteristic of microfiber-based GNRs, the optical damage threshold of GNRs-SA could be greatly enhanced. The microfiber-based GNRs-SA shows a modulation depth of 4.9% and a nonsaturable loss of 21.1%. With the proposed GNRs-SA, the fiber laser emitted a mode-locked pulse train with duration of ∼887 fs. The obtained results demonstrated that the GNRs deposited microfiber could indeed serve as a high-performance SA towards the practical applications in the field of ultrafast photonics.

  11. Vector rectangular-shape laser based on reduced graphene oxide interacting with a long fiber taper.

    PubMed

    Gao, Lei; Zhu, Tao; Huang, Wei; Zeng, Jing

    2014-10-01

    A vector dual-wavelength rectangular-shape laser (RSL) based on a long fiber taper deposited with reduced graphene oxide is proposed, where nonlinearity is enhanced due to a large evanescent-field-interacting length and strong field confinement of an 8 mm fiber taper with a waist diameter of 4 μm. Graphene flakes are deposited uniformly on the taper waist with light pressure effect, so this structure guarantees both excellent saturable absorption and high nonlinearity. The RSL with a repetition rate of 7.9 MHz shows fast polarization switching in two orthogonal polarization directions, and temporal and spectral characteristics are investigated. PMID:25322232

  12. Photonic methods of millimeter-wave generation based on Brillouin fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Dabbagh, R. K.; Al-Raweshidy, H. S.

    2016-05-01

    In optical communication link, generation and delivering millimeter-wave (mm-waves) in radio over fiber (RoF) systems has limitation due to fiber non-linearity effects. To solve this problem, photonic methods of mm-wave generation based on characterizations of Brillouin fiber laser are proposed in this work for the first time. Three novel photonic approaches for mm-wave generation methods based on Brillouin fiber laser and phase modulator are proposed and demonstrated by simulation. According to our theoretical analysis and simulation, mm-waves with frequency up to 80 GHz and good signal to noise ratio (SNR) up to 90 dB are generated by new and cost effective methods of generation that make them suitable for applications of the fifth generation (5G) networks. The proposed configurations increase the stability and the quality of the mm-wave generation system by using a single laser source as a pump wave and the fiber non-linearity effects are reduced. A key advantage of this research is that proposed a number of very simple generation methods and cost effective which only use standard components of optical telecommunications. Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS) effect that exists in the optical fiber is studied with the characterization of phase modulator. An all optically stable mm-wave carriers are achieved successfully in the three different methods with different frequencies from 20 GHz up to 80 GHz. Simulation results show that all these carriers have low phase noise, good SNR ranging between 60 and 90 dB and tuning capability in comparison with previous methods reported. This makes them suitable for mm-wave transmission in RoF systems to transmit data in the next generation networks.

  13. Mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on tungsten disulphide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guoyu, Heyang; Song, Yanrong; Li, Kexuan; Dou, Zhiyuan; Tian, Jinrong; Zhang, Xinping

    2015-12-01

    We demonstrated an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser based on tungsten disulphide (WS2). The saturable absorbers (SA) were made by mixing WS2 solution with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and then evaporated on a substrate. The modulation depth of the WS2 film was 2.06% and the saturable optical intensity was 71.6 MW cm-2. When the WS2 film was inserted into the fiber laser, the mode-locked pulses with pulse width of 2.5 ns and repetition rate of 2.84 MHz were obtained. As the pump power increased to 350 mW, the maximum output power was measured to be 8.02 mW. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time to realize mode-locked pulses based on WS2-SA at 1 μm waveband.

  14. Laser-based ultrasonic inspection with a fiber-coupled scanning Cassegrain system.

    PubMed

    McKie, Andrew D W; Addison, Robert C

    2002-12-01

    State-of-the-art integrally stiffened composite materials, manufactured for use in the next generation of commercial and military aircraft, are increasingly being used for structural components such as wings and fuselages. However, the complexity of the manufacturing processes can produce small variations in the shape of integrally stiffened composite structures. Thus, a priori knowledge of the nominal part shape often does not provide sufficient accuracy to allow an automated conventional ultrasonic inspection. In contrast, automated inspections of integrally stiffened structures can be performed using laser-based ultrasound techniques since a priori knowledge of the nominal part shape is adequate to scan the laser beams over the structure. This paper addresses the issues associated with the extension of laser-based ultrasonics to inspections in remote and limited access areas, and describes the implementation of a fiber-based remote and limited access LBU inspection system based upon a Cassegrain scanning and optical collection system. The ability to quickly and directly manipulate flexible low mass optical fibers equipped with specialized endoscopic scanning optics make fiber systems an attractive method for the development of limited and remote access inspection systems. The Cassegrain optical system is described in detail and both numerical and experimental validation of the system operational characteristics are presented. PMID:12441180

  15. Tunable optofluidic microring laser based on a tapered hollow core microstructured optical fiber.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhi-Li; Zhou, Wen-Yuan; Luo, Ming-Ming; Liu, Yan-Ge; Tian, Jian-Guo

    2015-04-20

    A tunable optofluidic microring dye laser within a tapered hollow core microstructured optical fiber was demonstrated. The fiber core was filled with a microfluidic gain medium plug and axially pumped by a nanosecond pulse laser at 532 nm. Strong radial emission and low-threshold lasing (16 nJ/pulse) were achieved. Lasing was achieved around the surface of the microfluidic plug. Laser emission was tuned by changing the liquid surface location along the tapered fiber. The possibility of developing a tunable laser within the tapered simplified hollow core microstructured optical fiber presents opportunities for developing liquid surface position sensors and biomedical analysis. PMID:25969082

  16. Multi-modal label-free imaging based on a femtosecond fiber laser

    PubMed Central

    Xie, Ruxin; Su, Jue; Rentchler, Eric C.; Zhang, Ziyan; Johnson, Carey K.; Shi, Honglian; Hui, Rongqing

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate multi-mode microscopy based on a single femtosecond fiber laser. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS), stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and photothermal images can be obtained simultaneously with this simplified setup. Distributions of lipid and hemoglobin in sliced mouse brain samples and blood cells are imaged. The dependency of signal amplitude on the pump power and pump modulation frequency is characterized, which allows to isolate the impact from different contributions. PMID:25071972

  17. Multi-modal label-free imaging based on a femtosecond fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Xie, Ruxin; Su, Jue; Rentchler, Eric C; Zhang, Ziyan; Johnson, Carey K; Shi, Honglian; Hui, Rongqing

    2014-07-01

    We demonstrate multi-mode microscopy based on a single femtosecond fiber laser. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS), stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and photothermal images can be obtained simultaneously with this simplified setup. Distributions of lipid and hemoglobin in sliced mouse brain samples and blood cells are imaged. The dependency of signal amplitude on the pump power and pump modulation frequency is characterized, which allows to isolate the impact from different contributions. PMID:25071972

  18. Yb-doped silica glass and photonic crystal fiber based on laser sintering technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Wei; Wu, Jiale; Zhou, Guiyao; Xia, Changming; Liu, Jiantao; Tian, Hongchun; Liang, Wanting; Hou, Zhiyun

    2016-03-01

    We demonstrate the fabricating method for Yb3+-doped silica glass and double-cladding large mode area photonic crystal fiber (LMA PCF) based on laser sintering technology combined with a liquid phase doping method. The doped material prepared shows the amorphous property and the hydroxyl content is approximately 40 ppm. The attenuation of the fabricated LMA PCF is 14.2 dB m-1 at 976 nm, and the lowest value is 0.25 dB m-1 at 1200 nm. The laser slope efficiency is up to 70.2%.

  19. Implementation of a widely tunable microwave signal generator based on dual-polarization fiber grating laser.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Qiang; Liang, Yizhi; Jin, Long; Cheng, Linghao; Guan, Bai-Ou

    2015-02-01

    In this paper, we demonstrate the implementation of a widely tunable microwave signal generator based on a dual-polarization fiber grating laser. The laser contains two strong, wavelength-matched Bragg gratings photoinscribed in an Er-doped fiber and emits two polarization modes when pumped with a 980 nm laser diode. By beating the two modes, a microwave signal with a signal-to-noise ratio over 60 dB can be obtained. For a free running laser the fluctuations in intensity and frequency of the microwave signal are ±1  dB and ±5  kHz, respectively, and the noise level is about -40  dBc/Hz at 1 kHz. The frequency can be continuously tuned from 1.8 to 15.1 GHz, by transversely loading the laser cavity and changing the intracavity birefringence by use of a piezoelectric transducer-based mechanical device. The measured response time rate of tuning is about 90 MHz/μs and the intensity fluctuation at different frequencies is less than ±1.5  dB. The frequency fluctuation under loading is controlled within 1 MHz by introducing an electrical feedback. PMID:25967802

  20. Fiber based infrared lasers and their applications in medicine, spectroscopy and metrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexander, Vinay Varkey

    In my thesis, I have demonstrated the development of fiber based infrared lasers and devices for applications in medicine, spectroscopy and metrology. One of the key accomplishments presented in this thesis for medical applications is the demonstration of a focused infrared laser to perform renal denervation both in vivo and in vitro. Hypertension is a significant health hazard in the US and throughout the world, and the laser based renal denervation procedure may be a potential treatment for resistant hypertension. Compared to current treatment modalities, lasers may be able to perform treatments with lesser collateral tissue damage and quicker treatment times helping to reduce patient discomfort and pain. An additional medical application demonstrated in this thesis is the use of infrared fiber lasers to damage sebaceous glands in human skin as a potential treatment for acne. Another significant work presented in this thesis is a field trial performed at the Wright Patterson Air Force Base using a Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Supercontinuum (SC) laser as an active illumination source for long distance reflectance measurements. In this case, an SC laser developed as part of this thesis is kept on a 12 story tower and propagated through the atmosphere to a target kept 1.6 km away and used to perform spectroscopy measurements. In the future this technology may permit 24/7 surveillance based on looking for the spectral signatures of materials. Beyond applications in defense, this technology may have far reaching commercial applications as well, including areas such as oil and natural resources exploration. Beyond these major contributions to the state-of-the-art, this thesis also describes other significant studies such as power scalability of SWIR SC sources and non-invasive measurement of surface roughness.

  1. Harmonic mode locking of bound-state solitons fiber laser based on MoS(2) saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yadong; Mao, Dong; Gan, Xuetao; Han, Lei; Ma, Chaojie; Xi, Teli; Zhang, Yi; Shang, Wuyun; Hua, Shijia; Zhao, Jianlin

    2015-01-12

    We present a kind of harmonic mode locking of bound-state solitons in a fiber laser based on molybdenum disulfide (MoS(2)) saturable absorber (SA). The mode locker is fabricated by depositing MoS(2) nanosheets on a D-shaped fiber (DF). In the fiber laser, two solitons form the bound-state pulses with a temporal separation of 3.4 ps, and the bound-state pulses are equally distributed at a repetition rate of 125 MHz, corresponding to 14th harmonics of fundamental cavity repetition rate (8.968 MHz). Single- and multiple-pulses emissions are also observed by changing the pump power and optimizing the DF based MoS(2) SA. Our experiment demonstrates an interesting operation regime of mode-locked fiber laser, and shows that DF based MoS(2) SA can work as a promising high-power mode locker in ultrafast lasers. PMID:25835667

  2. Stable multi-wavelength fiber laser based on a compounded nonlinear polarization rotation effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, Hui; Lou, Shuqin; Ma, Jianli; Su, Wei; Han, Bolin; Shen, Xiao

    2014-11-01

    A stable multi-wavelength polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber (PM-EDF) laser with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) based on a compounded nonlinear polarization rotation effect (CNPRE) is proposed and demonstrated. In order to effectively reduce homogeneous broadening of EDF and then to the alleviate mode competition, two sandwich configurations formed by a polarization dependent isolator (PDI) or a segment of single-mode fiber sandwiched between two polarization controllers (PC), are introduced into the ring cavity to generate the CNPRE. A home-made asymmetry twin-core fiber (ATCF) is also incorporated in the ring cavity as a comb filter. With only 150 mW pump power, there are up to 45-wavelengths lasing with the approximate amplitude in a 3 dB bandwidth generated at room temperature. The wavelength spacing between the adjacent peaks is 0.29 nm and the highest SNRs reach 41.5 dB by optimizing the state of polarization of PCs. The power fluctuation and wavelength shift for each lasing wavelength are less than 0.05 dB and 0.02 nm, respectively. This indicates that the proposed multi-wavelength fiber laser can be stably operated at room temperature.

  3. Wide bandwidth dual-frequency ultrasound measurements based on fiber laser sensing technology.

    PubMed

    Lyu, Chengang; Liu, Ying; Wu, Chuang

    2016-07-01

    A dual-frequency ultrasound measurement system based on a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber laser sensor in a liquid medium was presented. To compare the dual-frequency measurement performance of a DBR fiber laser acoustic sensor with that of a piezoelectric (PZT) ultrasound sensor, two experiments were performed. First, we fixed the driving frequencies of two ultrasound signals at 3 and 5 MHz, and decreased the driving voltage from 15 to 3 V. The outputs of the DBR acoustic sensor show flat-balanced response to dual-frequencies, compared with the PZT acoustic sensor whose response to one of the dual-frequency signals (5 MHz in this paper) has been covered by noise at low acoustic pressure. Then we increased the acoustic pressure by fixing the driving voltage at 20 V, and changed the frequency spacing between the two ultrasound signals. By analyzing the frequency response, sensitivity, signal-to-noise ratio, and noise equivalent pressure of two acoustic sensors under different frequencies, we found that the response of the DBR sensor to wideband dual-frequency is stable, while the response of the PZT sensor deteriorates sharply with increasing frequency spacing. The results demonstrate that the DBR fiber laser sensor performs better for wide bandwidth dual-frequency ultrasound measurements. PMID:27409190

  4. CO2-laser-based coating process for high power fiber application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boehme, S.; Hirte, K.; Fabian, S.; Hupel, Ch.; Schreiber, T.; Eberhardt, R.; Tünnermann, A.

    2014-03-01

    The generation of high power in active fiber application and the transmission of high laser power via fiber cables both require protection from misdirected laser light. The following paper presents a new approach to removing this unwanted part of light. The deposition of fused silica material on the fiber cladding applied with CO2 laser processes constitutes a robust cladding light stripper suitable for high power levels. The CO2 laser processes are easy to apply, obviate the need for any dangerous liquids and promise greater mechanical stability in handling and assembly.

  5. Low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser with a random grating-based resonator.

    PubMed

    Xu, Yanping; Gao, Song; Lu, Ping; Mihailov, Stephen; Chen, Liang; Bao, Xiaoyi

    2016-07-15

    A novel Brillouin random fiber laser (BRFL) with the random grating-based Fabry-Perot (FP) resonator is proposed and demonstrated. Significantly enhanced random feedback from the femtosecond laser-fabricated random grating overwhelms the Rayleigh backscattering, which leads to efficient Brillouin gain for the lasing modes and reduced lasing threshold. Compared to the intensity and frequency noises of the Rayleigh feedback resonator, those of the proposed random laser are effectively suppressed due to the reduced resonating modes and mode competition resulting from the random grating-formed filters. Using the heterodyne technique, the linewidth of the coherent random lasing spike is measured to be ∼45.8  Hz. PMID:27420494

  6. Demonstration of multi-wavelength tunable fiber lasers based on a digital micromirror device processor.

    PubMed

    Ai, Qi; Chen, Xiao; Tian, Miao; Yan, Bin-bin; Zhang, Ying; Song, Fei-jun; Chen, Gen-xiang; Sang, Xin-zhu; Wang, Yi-quan; Xiao, Feng; Alameh, Kamal

    2015-02-01

    Based on a digital micromirror device (DMD) processor as the multi-wavelength narrow-band tunable filter, we demonstrate a multi-port tunable fiber laser through experiments. The key property of this laser is that any lasing wavelength channel from any arbitrary output port can be switched independently over the whole C-band, which is only driven by single DMD chip flexibly. All outputs display an excellent tuning capacity and high consistency in the whole C-band with a 0.02 nm linewidth, 0.055 nm wavelength tuning step, and side-mode suppression ratio greater than 60 dB. Due to the automatic power control and polarization design, the power uniformity of output lasers is less than 0.008 dB and the wavelength fluctuation is below 0.02 nm within 2 h at room temperature. PMID:25967765

  7. 1.2-kW single-mode fiber laser based on 100-W high-brightness pump diodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Hongbo; Kliner, Dahv A. V.; Liao, Kai-Hsiu; Segall, Jeff; Muendel, Martin H.; Morehead, James J.; Shen, Jane; Kutsuris, Matt; Luu, Johnny; Franke, Justin; Nguyen, Kelvin; Woods, Dave; Vance, Fred; Vecht, David; Meng, David; Duesterberg, Richard; Xu, Lei; Skidmore, Jay; Peters, Matthew; Guerin, Nicolas; Guo, James; Cheng, Jane; Du, Jihua; Johnson, Brad; Yin, Dongliang; Hsieh, Allen; Cheng, Peter; Demir, Abdullah; Cai, Jason; Gurram, Rupa; Lee, Kong-Weng; Raju, Reddy; Zou, Daniel; Srinivasan, Raman; Saini, Mandeep; Zavala, Laura; Rossin, Victor; Zucker, Erik P.; Ishiguro, Hiroaki; Sako, Hiroshi

    2012-02-01

    We have demonstrated a monolithic (fully fused), 1.2-kW, Yb-doped fiber laser with near-single-mode beam quality. This laser employs a new generation of high-brightness, fiber-coupled pump sources based on spatially multiplexed single emitters, with each pump providing 100 W at 915 nm within 0.15 NA from a standard 105/125 μm fiber. The fiber laser is end pumped through the high-reflector FBG using a 19:1 fused-fiber pump combiner, eliminating the need for pump/signal combiners. The output wavelength is 1080 nm, with a linewidth of < 0.5 nm FWHM. A peak power of 1.5 kW was reached in modulated operation (1-ms pulse duration) with M2 < 1.2.

  8. Coherent random fiber lasers in a weakly scattering system based on waveguide effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Zhijia; Miao, Bo; Zhang, Qijin

    2012-11-01

    Coherent random fiber laser is obtained by end pumping a hollow optical fiber (HOF) filled with a dispersive solution of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) nanoparticles and laser dye pyrromethene 597 (PM597) in carbon disulfide (CS2). However, coherent random laser can not been observed for the same solution in the quartz cuvette. We suggest that the coherent feedback is caused by the cooperative effect of light scattering and waveguide effect. We will deep research the effect in the near future.

  9. Tm-based fiber-laser system with more than 200  MW peak power.

    PubMed

    Stutzki, Fabian; Gaida, Christian; Gebhardt, Martin; Jansen, Florian; Jauregui, Cesar; Limpert, Jens; Tünnermann, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    Tm-based fiber-laser systems are an attractive concept for the development of high-performance laser sources in the spectral region around 2 μm wavelength. Here we present a system delivering a pulse-peak power higher than 200 MW in combination with 24 W average power and 120 μJ pulse energy. Key components enabling this performance level are a Tm-doped large-pitch fiber with a mode-field diameter of 65 μm, highly efficient dielectric gratings, and a Tm-based fiber oscillator operating in the stretched-pulse regime. PMID:25531595

  10. Optical fiber laser

    SciTech Connect

    Snitzer, E.

    1988-10-25

    This patent describes an optical fiber laser comprising: a gain cavity including a single mode optical fiber of given length and index of refraction and a cladding surrounding the core and having an index of refraction lower than that of the core. The core comprising a host material having incorporated therein a predetermined concentration of just erbium oxide having a fluorescence spectrum with a peak emission line at 1.54 micrometers; filter means optically coupled to each end of the fiber gain cavity for providing feedback in the cavity at the peak emission line of the erbium oxide and for permitting energy to be introduced into the cavity at the absorption band of the erbium oxide in the region of 1.45 to 1.53 micrometers; and a laser diode optically coupled to one end of the core for pumping energy into the end of the gain cavity so that the gain cavity oscillates at just the peak emission line.

  11. Fiber laser cladding of nickel-based alloy on cast iron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arias-González, F.; del Val, J.; Comesaña, R.; Penide, J.; Lusquiños, F.; Quintero, F.; Riveiro, A.; Boutinguiza, M.; Pou, J.

    2016-06-01

    Gray cast iron is a ferrous alloy characterized by a carbon-rich phase in form of lamellar graphite in an iron matrix while ductile cast iron presents a carbon-rich phase in form of spheroidal graphite. Graphite presents a higher laser beam absorption than iron matrix and its morphology has also a strong influence on thermal conductivity of the material. The laser cladding process of cast iron is complicated by its heterogeneous microstructure which generates non-homogeneous thermal fields. In this research work, a comparison between different types of cast iron substrates (with different graphite morphology) has been carried out to analyze its impact on the process results. A fiber laser was used to generate a NiCrBSi coating over flat substrates of gray cast iron (EN-GJL-250) and nodular cast iron (EN-GJS-400-15). The relationship between processing parameters (laser irradiance and scanning speed) and geometry of a single laser track was examined. Moreover, microstructure and composition were studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). The hardness and elastic modulus were analyzed by means of micro- and nanoindentation. A hardfacing coating was generated by fiber laser cladding. Suitable processing parameters to generate the Ni-based alloy coating were determined. For the same processing parameters, gray cast iron samples present higher dilution than cast iron samples. The elastic modulus is similar for the coating and the substrate, while the Ni-based coating obtained presents a significantly superior hardness than cast iron.

  12. A fiber DBR laser based vector hydrophone for ultrasonic medical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Han; Guo, Xi; Gao, Jingyi; Lyu, Chengang

    2015-04-01

    An ultrasonic hydrophone based on a dual polarization distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber laser is described, and its application to detecting the vector medical ultrasound is demonstrated. The principle of the hydrophone is based on the detection of output beat frequency signal modulated by ultrasound. The amplitude, frequency and orientation of the ultrasound can be determined by the using the upper and lower sideband frequency. It has been found that the hydrophone has an orientation recognizable ability which the piezoelectric ultrasonic immersion transducer doesn't have. It suggests that the type of hydrophone can provide an alternative to piezoelectric hydrophone technology.

  13. Laser beam uniformity and stability using homogenizer-based fiber optic launch method: square core fiber delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lizotte, Todd E.

    2011-03-01

    Over the years, technological achievements within the laser medical diagnostic, treatment, and therapy markets have led to ever increasing requirements for greater control of critical laser beam parameters. Increased laser power/energy stabilization, temporal and spatial beam shaping and flexible laser beam delivery systems with ergonomic focusing or imaging lens systems are sought by leading medical laser system producers. With medical procedures that utilize laser energy, there is a constant emphasis on reducing adverse effects that come about by the laser itself or its optical system, but even when these variables are well controlled the medical professional will still need to deal with the multivariate nature of the human body. Focusing on the variables that can be controlled, such as accurate placement of the laser beam where it will expose a surface being treated as well as laser beam shape and uniformity is critical to minimizing adverse conditions. This paper covers the use of fiber optic beam delivery as a means of defining the beam shape (intensity/power distribution uniformity) at the target plane as well as the use of fiber delivery as a means to allow more flexible articulation of the laser beam over the surface being treated. The paper will present a new concept of using a square core fiber beam delivery design utilizing a unique micro lens array (MLA) launch method that improves the overall stability of the system, by minimizing the impact of the laser instability. The resulting performance of the prototype is presented to demonstrate its stability in comparison to simple lens launch techniques, with an emphasis on homogenization and articulated fiber delivery.

  14. Semiconductor cylinder fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandupatla, Abhinay; Flattery, James; Kornreich, Philipp

    2015-12-01

    We fabricated a fiber laser that uses a thin semiconductor layer surrounding the glass core as the gain medium. This is a completely new type of laser. The In2Te3 semiconductor layer is about 15-nm thick. The fiber laser has a core diameter of 14.2 μm, an outside diameter of 126 μm, and it is 25-mm long. The laser mirrors consist of a thick vacuum-deposited aluminum layer at one end and a thin semitransparent aluminum layer deposited at the other end of the fiber. The laser is pumped from the side with either light from a halogen tungsten incandescent lamp or a blue light emitting diode flash light. Both the In2Te3 gain medium and the aluminum mirrors have a wide bandwidth. Therefore, the output spectrum consists of a pedestal from a wavelength of about 454 to 623 nm with several peaks. There is a main peak at 545 nm. The main peak has an amplitude of 16.5 dB above the noise level of -73 dB.

  15. Interrogation of a wavelength tunable fiber Bragg grating sensor based ring laser for dynamic strain monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balogun, Oluwaseyi; Zhu, Yinian; Krishnaswamy, Sridhar

    2010-03-01

    Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) are wavelength selective optical reflectors with excellent strain sensitivity and small sensing footprint, which makes them suitable as diagnostic sensors for structural health monitoring applications. In this work, we explore the narrowband wavelength selectivity of FBGs for optical feedback in a tunable fiber ring laser. The fiber ring laser consists of an erbium doped fiber laser that is pumped with a Raman laser (980 nm) to produce population inversion and amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) in the C-band. The ASE light is used to illuminate a FBG sensor connected to the ring, and the reflected light from the sensor is fed back into the laser cavity to produce stimulated emission at the instantaneous center wavelength of the sensor. As the wavelength of the sensor shifts due mechanical or thermal strains, the wavelength of the optical output from the ring laser shifts accordingly. By combining the ring laser with a dynamic spectral demodulator for optical readout, the instantaneous wavelength of the ring laser is tracked with high temporal resolution. The fiber ring laser system offers several potential advantages in the diagnostic sensing of mechanical strains for SHM applications including, fully integrated laser and sensor system, high source power levels at the sensor wavelength, narrow spectral line-width, coherent spectral demodulation, and low system costs. In this work, we present experimental results that detail the feasibility of dynamic spectral tuning of the fiber ring laser at frequencies up to hundreds of kilohertz using a single FBG sensing element. Using multiple sensing elements, the fiber ring laser system would allow for active monitoring of dynamic strains in a multi-point sensor array configuration, which is particularly suitable for the localization of high frequency mechanical strains produced by impact loading and cracking events in structures.

  16. Switchable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser based on a compact in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer with photonic crystal fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, W. G.; Lou, S. Q.; Feng, S. C.; Wang, L. W.; Li, H. L.; Guo, T. Y.; Jian, S. S.

    2009-11-01

    Switchable multi-wavelength fiber ring laser with an in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer incorporated into the ring cavity serving as wavelength-selective filter at room temperature is demonstrated. The filter is formed by splicing a section of few-mode photonic crystal fiber (PCF) and two segments of single mode fiber (SMF) with the air-holes on the both sides of PCF intentionally collapsed in the vicinity of the splices. By adjusting the states of the polarization controller (PC) appropriately, the laser can be switched among the stable single-, dual- and triple-wavelength lasing operations by exploiting polarization hole burning (PHB) effect.

  17. Musical instrument pickup based on a laser locked to an optical fiber resonator.

    PubMed

    Avino, Saverio; Barnes, Jack A; Gagliardi, Gianluca; Gu, Xijia; Gutstein, David; Mester, James R; Nicholaou, Costa; Loock, Hans-Peter

    2011-12-01

    A low-noise transducer based on a fiber Fabry-Perot (FFP) cavity was used as a pickup for an acoustic guitar. A distributed feedback (DFB) laser was locked to a 25 MHz-wide resonance of the FFP cavity using the Pound-Drever-Hall method. The correction signal was used as the audio output and was preamplified and sampled at up to 96 kHz. The pickup system is largely immune against optical noise sources, exhibits a flat frequency response from the infrasound region to about 25 kHz, and has a distortion-free audio output range of about 50 dB. PMID:22273897

  18. Optical fiber-based laser remote sensor for airborne measurement of wind velocity and turbulence.

    PubMed

    Spuler, Scott M; Richter, Dirk; Spowart, Michael P; Rieken, Kathrin

    2011-02-20

    We discuss an optical fiber-based continuous-wave coherent laser system for measuring the wind speed in undisturbed air ahead of an aircraft. The operational principles of the instrument are described, and estimates of performance are presented. The instrument is demonstrated as a single line of sight, and data from the inaugural test flight of August 2010 is presented. The system was successfully operated under various atmospheric conditions, including cloud and clear air up to 12 km (40,300 ft). PMID:21343963

  19. Fused fiber components for parallel coherent fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zoubir, A.; Dupriez, P.

    2015-10-01

    The concept of massively parallel coherent fiber lasers holds great promise to generate enormous laser peak power in order to produce highly energetic particle beams. Such technology is expected to provide a route to practical particle colliders or to proton generation for medical applications. Such concept is based on the phasing of thousands of fiber amplifiers each emitting mJ level pulses, in which optical fibers are key components. In this paper, we present important technological building blocks based on optical fibers, which could pave the way for efficient, compact and cost-effective components to address the technological challenges ahead.

  20. Fiber-Based, Trace-Gas, Laser Transmitter Technology Development for Space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stephen, Mark; Yu, Anthony; Chen, Jeffrey; Nicholson, Jeffrey; Engin, Doruk; Mathason, Brian; Wu, Stewart; Allan, Graham; Hasselbrack, William; Gonzalez, Brayler; Han, Lawrence; Numata, Kenji; Storm, Mark; Abshire, James

    2015-01-01

    NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is working on maturing the technology readiness of a laser transmitter designed for use in atmospheric CO2 remote-sensing. GSFC has been developing an airplane-based CO2 lidar instrument over several years to demonstrate the efficacy of the instrumentation and measurement technique and to link the science models to the instrument performance. The ultimate goal is to make space-based satellite measurements with global coverage. In order to accomplish this, we must demonstrate the technology readiness and performance of the components as well as demonstrate the required power-scaling to make the link with the required signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR). To date, all the instrument components have been shown to have the required performance with the exception of the laser transmitter.In this program we are working on a fiber-based master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) laser transmitter architecture where we will develop a ruggedized package and perform the relevant environmental tests to demonstrate TRL-6. In this paper we will review our transmitter architecture and progress on the performance and packaging of the laser transmitter.

  1. Fiber-based, trace-gas, laser transmitter technology development for space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stephen, Mark; Yu, Anthony; Chen, Jeffrey; Nicholson, Jeffrey; Engin, Doruk; Mathason, Brian; Wu, Stewart; Allan, Graham; Hasselbrack, William; Gonzales, Brayler; Han, Lawrence; Numata, Kenji; Storm, Mark; Abshire, James

    2015-09-01

    NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is working on maturing the technology readiness of a laser transmitter designed for use in atmospheric CO2 remote-sensing. GSFC has been developing an airplane-based CO2 lidar instrument over several years to demonstrate the efficacy of the instrumentation and measurement technique and to link the science models to the instrument performance. The ultimate goal is to make space-based satellite measurements with global coverage. In order to accomplish this, we must demonstrate the technology readiness and performance of the components as well as demonstrate the required power-scaling to make the link with the required signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR). To date, all the instrument components have been shown to have the required performance with the exception of the laser transmitter. In this program we are working on a fiber-based master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) laser transmitter architecture where we will develop a ruggedized package and perform the relevant environmental tests to demonstrate TRL-6. In this paper we will review our transmitter architecture and progress on the performance and packaging of the laser transmitter.

  2. Pulsed Single Frequency Fiber Lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Shibin

    2016-06-01

    Pulsed single frequency fiber lasers with mJ level near 1 micron, 1.55 micron and 2 micron wavelengths were demonstrated by using our proprietary highly doped fibers. These fiber lasers exhibit excellent long term stable operation with M2<1.2.

  3. External cavity diode laser based upon an FBG in an integrated optical fiber platform.

    PubMed

    Lynch, Stephen G; Holmes, Christopher; Berry, Sam A; Gates, James C; Jantzen, Alexander; Ferreiro, Teresa I; Smith, Peter G R

    2016-04-18

    An external cavity diode laser is demonstrated using a Bragg grating written into a novel integrated optical fiber platform as the external cavity. The cavity is fabricated using flame-hydrolysis deposition to bond a photosensitive fiber to a silica-on-silicon wafer, and a grating written using direct UV-writing. The laser operates on a single mode at the acetylene P13 line (1532.83 nm) with 9 mW output power. The noise properties of the laser are characterized demonstrating low linewidth operation (< 14 kHz) and superior relative intensity noise characteristics when compared to a commercial tunable external cavity diode laser. PMID:27137276

  4. High-accuracy fiber optical microphone in a DBR fiber laser based on a nanothick silver diaphragm by self-mixing technique.

    PubMed

    Du, Zhengting; Lu, Liang; Zhang, Wenhua; Yang, Bo; Wu, Shuang; Zhao, Yunhe; Xu, Feng; Wang, Zhiping; Gui, Huaqiao; Liu, Jianguo; Yu, Benli

    2013-12-16

    A high-accuracy fiber optical microphone (FOM) is first applied by self-mixing technique in a DBR fiber laser based on a nanothick silver diaphragm. The nanothick silver diaphragm fabricated by the convenient and low cost electroless plating method is functioned as sensing diaphragm due to critically susceptible to the air vibration. Simultaneously, micro-vibration theory model of self-mixing interference fiber optical microphone is deduced based on quasi-analytical method. The dynamic property to frequencies and amplitudes are experimentally carried out to characterize the fabricated FOM and also the reproduced sound of news and music can clearly meet the ear of the people which shows the technique proposed in this paper guarantee steady, high signal-noise ratio operation and outstanding accuracy in the DBR fiber laser which is potential to medical and security applications such as real-time voice reproduction for throat and voiceprint verification. PMID:24514635

  5. A widely tunable fiber ring laser with closed loop control based on high-precision stepper motor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Li-li; Xin, Xiang-jun; Zhu, Lin-wei

    2016-05-01

    A tunable single-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on stepper motor and closed loop control is proposed and demonstrated. The system consists of an erbium-doped fiber (EDF), a tunable fiber Bragg grating (FBG) filter and a wavelength detector. The characteristics of output laser, such as output power, power stability and 3-dB linewidth, are investigated in the operation range of 1 531—1 569 nm. The repeated experimental results of the fiber laser show that the 3-dB linewidth is less than 17 ps, the side-mode suppression ratio ( SMSR) is up to 60 dB, the output power is up to 1.37 dBm, and the power variation is less than 0.61 dB.

  6. Tunable phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating based on femtosecond laser fabricated in-grating bubble.

    PubMed

    Liao, Changrui; Xu, Lei; Wang, Chao; Wang, D N; Wang, Yiping; Wang, Qiao; Yang, Kaiming; Li, Zhengyong; Zhong, Xiaoyong; Zhou, Jiangtao; Liu, Yingjie

    2013-11-01

    We present a type of phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings based on an in-grating bubble fabricated by femtosecond (fs) laser ablation together with a fusion-splicing technique. A microchannel vertically crossing the bubble is drilled by fs laser to allow liquid to flow in or out. By filling different refractive index (RI) liquid into the bubble, the phase-shift peak is found to experience a linear red shift with the increase of RI, while little contribution to the change of phase shift comes from the temperature and axial strain. Therefore, such a PS-FBG could be used to develop a promising tunable optical filter and sensor. PMID:24177122

  7. Graphene-based passively mode-locked bidirectional fiber ring laser.

    PubMed

    Mamidala, Venkatesh; Woodward, R I; Yang, Y; Liu, H H; Chow, K K

    2014-02-24

    We present an all-fiber bidirectional passively mode-locked soliton laser with a graphene-based saturable absorber for the first time to the best of our knowledge. Our design includes a four-port circulator to introduce different sections of cavity for the two counter-propagating pulses, so they have distinct output characteristics. Simultaneous bidirectional operation is achieved by appropriately adjusting the net cavity birefringence and loss. In the clockwise direction, the laser emits ~750 fs pulses at 1561.6 nm, with a repetition rate of 7.68 MHz. In the counter clockwise direction, the central wavelength, pulse width, and repetition rate are 1561.0 nm, ~850 fs, and 6.90 MHz, respectively. PMID:24663774

  8. Optical fiber laser

    SciTech Connect

    Hakimi, F.; Po, H.; Snitzer, E.

    1987-07-14

    An optical fiber laser is described comprising: a gain cavity including a single mode optical fiber of given length having a core with a given index of refraction and a cladding surrounding the core and having an index of refraction lower than that of the core. The core comprises a host glass having incorporated a laser gain material with a fluorescence spectrum having at least one broadband region in which there is at least one peak emission line; filter means optically coupled to one end of the gain cavity and reflective to radiation emitted from the gain material over a predetermined wavelength interval about the peak emission line to provide feedback in the gain cavity; an etalon filter section butt coupled to the remaining end of the gain cavity optical fiber, the etalon filter section comprising a pair of filters spaced apart in parallel by a predetermined length of material transparent to any radiation emitted from the gain cavity. The predetermined length of the transparent material is such that the etalon filter section is no longer than the distance over which the wave train energy from the fiber core remains substantially planar so that the etalon filter section is inside the divergent region to enhance feedback in the gain cavity; and means for pumping energy into the gain cavity to raise the interval energy level such that only a small part of the ion population, corresponding to a predetermined bandwidth about the peak emission line, is raised above laser threshold. The laser emits radiation only over narrow lines over a narrow wavelength interval centered about the peak emission line.

  9. High-power single-wavelength SOA-based fiber-ring laser with an optical modulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ooi, H. C.; Ahmad, H.; Sulaiman, A. H.; Thambiratnam, K.; Harun, S. W.

    2008-11-01

    A semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) fiber-ring laser (SOAFRL) utilizing a fiber-Bragg grating (FBG) and lithium niobate (LiNbO3) modulator is demonstrated. The laser operates at a wavelength of 1547.64 nm, which is equal to the Bragg wavelength in the saturation region. By removing the LiNbO3 modulator in the ring, the laser shows a single-wavelength output, which has a lower peak power. The experimental results show that when reaching the saturation level, the system with the LiNbO3 modulator shows a higher saturation current and peak power compared to that of the system without the modulator. The effect of varying the modulation frequency on the laser output power is investigated. By incorporating the LiNbO3 modulator in the laser cavity, the side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of the laser is significantly improved and a higher peak power can be obtained at a higher current.

  10. Multiwavelength pulse generation using a SESAM-based mode-locked fiber laser together with Fabry-Perot filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Changxiu; Wu, Zhichao; Fu, Songnian; Luo, Yiyang; Liu, Bin; Liu, Deming

    2015-09-01

    A simple and compact configuration of multiwavelength pulse generator is proposed and experimentally demonstrated, using a SESAM-based passively mode-locked fiber laser together with fiber Fabry-Perot filter. By optimizing the dispersion of fiber ring cavity, a flat rectangular optical spectrum with 3 dB bandwidth of 8.1 nm is obtained, with power fluctuation of <0.5 dB. Inserting a fiber Fabry-Perot filter at the output of passively mode-locked fiber laser, we can simultaneously obtain 40 channels with 0.2 nm wavelength spacing, under the condition of <3 dB power uniformity. After wavelength-division demultiplexing and optic-to-electronic conversion, the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of single channel pulse is measured to be 30 ps while the repetition rate of pulse train is 20.3 MHz.

  11. DFB fiber laser static strain sensor based on beat frequency interrogation with a reference fiber laser locked to a FBG resonator.

    PubMed

    Huang, Wenzhu; Feng, Shengwen; Zhang, Wentao; Li, Fang

    2016-05-30

    We report on a high-resolution static strain sensor developed with distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser. A reference FBG resonator is used for temperature compensation. Locking another independent fiber laser to the resonator using the Pound-Drever-Hall technique results in a strain power spectral density better than Sε(f) = (4.6 × 10-21) ε2/Hz in the frequency range from 1 Hz to 1 kHz, corresponding to a minimum dynamic strain resolution of 67.8 pε/√Hz. This frequency stabilized fiber laser is proposed to interrogate the sensing DFB fiber laser by the beat frequency principle. As a reasonable DFB fiber laser setup is realized, a narrow beat frequency line-width of 3.23 kHz and a high beat frequency stability of 0.036 MHz in 15 minutes are obtained in the laboratory test, corresponding to a minimum static strain resolution of 270 pε. This is the first time that a sub-0.5 nε level for static strain measurement using DFB fiber laser is demonstrated. PMID:27410147

  12. Long distance fiber Bragg grating strain sensor interrogation using a high speed Raman-based Fourier domain mode-locked fiber laser with recycled residual Raman pump.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sunduck; Kwon, Oh-Jang; Lee, Hyeong-Seok; Kim, Chang-Seok; Han, Young-Geun

    2013-06-01

    We propose a novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor interrogation using a Raman-based Fourier-domain mode locking (FDML) fiber laser for a high speed and long distance measurement. A residual Raman pump after the generation of the Raman-based FDML fiber laser is recycled for secondary signal amplification in a 2-m erbium-doped fiber (EDF) to further enhance the output power. The chromatic dispersion is precisely controlled to suppress the phase noise in the FDML laser cavity, resulting in the improvement of an R-number of 1.43 mm/dB. After recycling residual pump, we achieve the 40-km round trip transmission of the sensing probe signal with a high scan rate of 30.8 kHz. With 205-mW residual pump power, the bandwidth and the maximum gain are measured to be more than 50 nm, 10.3 dB at 1550 nm, respectively. The sensitivity of the proposed Raman-based FDML fiber laser to strain is also measured, which are 0.81 pm/μstrain in the spectral domain and 0.19 ns/μstrain in the time domain, respectively. PMID:23736592

  13. High-resolution fiber methane sensor based on diode laser and its data processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Yubin; Zhang, Tingting; Li, Yanfang; Zhao, Yanjie; Wang, Chang; Liu, Tongyu

    2011-06-01

    Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) based optical fiber methane sensing technology has a number of advantages compared with conventional electronic methane sensor device, such as high Precision, passive and intrinsically safe in explosive and hazardous environment as well as immune to electro-magnetic interference. In order to accurately measure the oxidation rate of coal mine ventilation air methane oxidizer system, and Meet requirements for accurate measurements to the oxidizer exhaust emissions, A Fiber optic methane monitor based on Distributed feedback tunable diode (DFB) laser of 1.65um central wavelength is demonstrated. We use a reflective chamber of only a 10cm effective optical path as sensing gas cell. By the data processing of fitting baseline method, we remove the effect of the baseline tilt of background Spectral. The system achieves 0 to 0.1% measure range and 5.8*10E-6 minimum detection sensitivity, and meets the requirements of high accuracy, real-time measure to the oxidizer exhaust emissions.

  14. Visible upconversion fiber lasers in ring configuration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caspary, Reinhard; Baraniecki, Tomasz P.; Kozak, Marcin M.; Kowalsky, Wolfgang

    2005-09-01

    Up-conversion fiber lasers based on Pr3+/Yb3+ doped fluoride fibers and pumped at 835 nm can operate on emission lines in the red, orange, green, and blue spectral region. Up to now only Fabry-Perot configurations with two mirrors butt-coupled to the fiber ends were investigated. In this paper we present the first visible Pr3+/Yb3+ fiber lasers in a ring configuration. In contrast to the usual Fabry-Perot configuration, the basic ring resonator setup contains no free-space optics and no parts which need to be adjusted. The main challenge for such a setup is the connection between the fluoride laser fiber and the remaining part of the ring resonator, which is made from silica fibers. Due to the very different melting temperatures of both glasses usual fusion splices are impossible. We use a special technique to couple the fibers with glue.

  15. Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on the photonic crystal fiber loop mirror and chirped fiber Bragg grating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Wei-Guo; Lou, Shu-Qin; Wang, Li-Wen; Li, Hong-Lei; Guo, Tieying; Jian, Shui-Sheng

    2010-03-01

    The switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) with a two-mode photonic crystal fiber (PCF) loop mirror and a chirped fiber Bragg grating (CFBG) at room temperature is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The two-mode PCF loop mirror is formed by inserting a piece of two-mode PCF into a Sagnac loop mirror, with the air-holes of the PCF intentionally collapsing at the splices. By adjusting the state of the polarization controller (PC) appropriately, the laser can be switched between the stable single- and dual-wavelength operations by means of the polarization hole burning (PHB) and spectral hole burning (SHB) effects.

  16. 2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Luo, Zhi-Chao; Liu, Meng; Liu, Hao; Zheng, Xu-Wu; Luo, Ai-Ping; Zhao, Chu-Jun; Zhang, Han; Wen, Shuang-Chun; Xu, Wen-Cheng

    2013-12-15

    We report on the generation of passive harmonic mode locking of a fiber laser using a microfiber-based topological insulator (TI) Bi(2)Te(3) saturable absorber (SA). The optical deposition method was employed to fabricate the microfiber-based TISA. By virtue of the excellent nonlinear optical property of the proposed TISA, the fiber laser could operate at the pulse repetition rate of 2.04 GHz under a pump power of 126 mW, corresponding to the 418th harmonic of fundamental repetition frequency. The results demonstrate that the microfiber-based TI photonic device can operate as both the high nonlinear optical component and the SA in fiber lasers, and could also find other applications in the related fields of photonics. PMID:24322220

  17. Pulsed laser damage to optical fibers

    SciTech Connect

    Allison, S.W.; Gillies, G.T.; Magnuson, D.W.; Pagano, T.S.

    1985-10-01

    This paper describes some observations of pulsed laser damage to optical fibers with emphasis on a damage mode characterized as a linear fracture along the outer core of a fiber. Damage threshold data are presented which illustrate the effects of the focusing lens, end-surface preparation, and type of fiber. An explanation based on fiber-beam misalignment is given and is illustrated by a simple experiment and ray trace.

  18. Multiwavelength fiber laser for the fiber link monitoring system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Peng-Chun; Lee, Wei-Yun; Wu, Shin-Shian; Hu, Hsuan-Lun

    2013-10-01

    This work proposes a novel fiber link monitoring system that uses a multiwavelength fiber laser for wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) passive optical network (PON). The multiwavelength fiber laser is based on an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) and a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). Experimental results show the feasibility using the system to monitor a fiber link with a high and stable signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of over 26 dB. The link quality of downstream signals as well as the fiber link on WDM channels can be monitored in real time. Favorable carrier-to-noise ratio (CNR), composite second-order (CSO), and composite triple beat (CTB) performance metrics were obtained for cable television (CATV) signals that were transported through 25 km of standard single-mode fiber (SMF).

  19. Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yazhou; Li, Jianfeng; Han, Lian; Lu, Rongguo; Hu, Yunxiao; Li, Zhuo; Liu, Yong

    2016-06-01

    We report a passively Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using a black phosphorus deposited micro-fiber (BPDMF) as a saturable absorption (SA) device for the first time. The BPDMF prepared by depositing black phosphorus (BP) on the micro-fiber waist with heat convention effect and optical tweezer effect has a measured modulation depth of 40.2% and a nonsaturable loss of 55.9%. By employing this device in an all-fiber ring cavity, a stable Q-switched pulse train at 1948 nm was achieved with a repetition rate from 12.5 to 28.1 kHz and a pulse width from 15.1 to 5.6 μs, respectively.

  20. Fiber laser based high-spectral resolution lidar for earth science measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Youming; Berkoff, Timothy; Kimpel, Frank; Storm, Mark; Hoff, Raymond; Gupta, Shantanu

    2013-03-01

    We present a special high spectral resolution lidar (HSRL) by using a novel tunable fiber based transmitter. The transmitter can produce 50μJ pulse energy at 1064nm and >25μJ pulse energy at 532nm with 10 kHz repetition rate, 5ns pulse width, respectively. A key advantage of the transmitter is the frequency-tunability. The laser can be tuned over the Iodine absorption lines from 1111 to 1104. The laser has a ~130MHz linewidth at 1064nm close to the transform limit linewidth ~ 88MHz for a pulse width of 5ns. Even though it was not frequency locked, the laser has very good frequency stability, which is on the order of ~200MHz over minutes. The beam quality M2 is less than 1.5. All the preliminary transmitter parameters meet the basic requirements of a HSRL. The transmitter was implemented in UMBC's lidar lab that includes a ceiling hatch to enable vertical propagation and viewing of transmitted laser beams into the atmosphere. The atmospheric measurement demonstrates good agreement of the signal to the model Rayleigh decay over the profile range with no significant deviations. Most importantly, these results show that the measurement successfully suppresses the Mie scattering from clouds while recovering the full molecular signal as expected.

  1. Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on cascaded polarization maintaining fiber Bragg gratings in a Sagnac loop interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Suchun; Xu, Ou; Lu, Shaohua; Ning, Tigang; Jian, Shuisheng

    2008-12-01

    A switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber (EDF) ring laser based on cascaded polarization maintaining fiber Bragg gratings (PMFBGs) in a Sagnac loop interferometer as the wavelength-selective filter at room temperature is proposed. Due to the polarization hole burning (PHB) enhanced by the PMFBGs, stable single-, dual-, three- and four-wavelength lasing operations can be obtained. The laser can be switched among the stable single-, dual-, three- and four-wavelength lasing operations by adjusting the polarization controllers (PCs). The optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) is over 50 dB.

  2. Advances in drilling with fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naeem, Mohammed

    2015-07-01

    High brightness quasi- continuous wave (QCW) and continuous wave (CW) fiber lasers are routinely being used for cutting and welding for a range of industrial applications. However, to date very little work has been carried out or has been reported on laser drilling with these laser sources. This work describes laser drilling ((trepan and percussion) of nickel based superalloys (thermal barrier coated and uncoated) with a high power QCW fiber laser. This presentation will highlight some of the most significant aspect of laser drilling, i.e. SmartPierceTM, deep hole drilling and small hole drilling. These advances in processing also demonstrate the potential for fiber laser processing when an advanced interface between laser and an open architecture controller are used.

  3. High power, picosecond green laser based on a frequency-doubled, all-fiber, narrow-bandwidth, linearly polarized, Yb-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tian, Wenyan; Isyanova, Yelena; Stegeman, Robert; Huang, Ye; Chieffo, Logan R.; Moulton, Peter F.

    2016-03-01

    We report on the development of an all-fiber, 68-kW-peak-power, 16-ps-pulse-width, narrow-bandwidth, linearly polarized, 1064-nm fiber laser suitable for high-power, picosecond-pulse-width, green-light generation. Our 1064-nm fiber laser delivered an average power of up to 110 W at a repetition of 100- MHz in a narrow bandwidth, with minimal nonlinear distortion. We developed a high-power, picosecond green source at 532 nm through use of single-pass frequency-doubling of our 1064-nm fiber laser in lithium triborate (LBO). Using a 15-mm long LBO crystal, we have generated 30 W of average power in the second harmonic with 73-W of fundamental average power, for a conversion efficiency of 41%.

  4. Wavelength stabilizer based on dual fiber Bragg gratings for 980nm Mini-uncooled pump laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Shuangshuang; Li, Yi; Jiang, Qunjie; Wu, Bin; Yu, Xiaojing; Wang, Haifang

    2008-12-01

    High power 980nm pump lasers are the key components in optical fiber amplifier. Wavelength stability for 980nm Miniuncooled pump laser is required to maintain the amplifier's efficiency throughout its lifetime. In this paper, a new type of wavelength stabilizer for uncooled pump laser which utilizes two fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) matched in wavelength, bandwidth, and reflectivity is presented. The characteristics of transmissivity and reflectivity for the dual FBGs stabilized 980nm pump laser are theoretically modeled and experimentally studied. The results show that the output spectral characteristics of the uncooled pump laser with the dual FBGs have been greatly improved. The laser module can work steadily over a wide temperature range from 0°C to 70°C, with 0.2nm wavelength shift, along with more than 45dB side mode suppression ratio, and less than 1.57nm spectral bandwidth.

  5. Portable fiber-coupled diode-laser-based sensor for multiple trace gas detection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lancaster, D. G.; Richter, D.; Tittel, F. K.

    1999-01-01

    Tunable narrowband mid-infrared radiation from 3.25 to 4.4 micrometers is generated by a compact fiber-coupled, difference-frequency-based spectroscopic source. A 20-mW external cavity diode laser (with a tuning range from 814 to 870 nm) and a 50-mW distributed-Bragg-reflector diode-laser-seeded ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier operating at 1083 nm are difference-frequency mixed in a multi-grating, temperature-controlled periodically poled LiNbO3 crystal. A conversion efficiency of 0.44 mW/(W2cm) (corresponding to a power of approximately equal to 3 microW at 3.3 micrometers) represents the highest conversion efficiency reported for a portable device. Performance characteristics of such a sensor and its application to spectroscopic detection of CO2, N2O, H2CO, HCl, NO2, and CH4 will be reported in this work.

  6. Fiber-based drive laser systems for the Cornell ERL electron photoinjector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ouzounov, Dimitre; Li, Heng; Dunham, Bruce; Wise, Frank

    2010-02-01

    Cornell University is developing a high brightness, high average current electron source for the injector of an Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) based synchrotron radiation source. Master oscillator-power amplifier (MOPA) laser systems have been developed to satisfy the requirements of the Cornell ERL high brightness electron photoinjector. One system operates at 50-MHz and low average power, and the second system operates at 1.3 GHz and high average power. The GHz system is comprised of a commercial harmonically mode-locked Yb-fiber oscillator, a SMF pre-amplifier, and a double-clad, large-mode area Yb-doped fiber amplifier. Currently, the system provides 45 watts infrared power in a train of 3-ps-long pulses at 1.3 GHz in a near diffraction-limited beam. A BBO Pockels cell is used to generate macropulse trains at various repetition rates. The infrared pulses are frequency-doubled to produce green beam average power of 15 watts. The green pulses (Gaussian shape, FWHM 2.5 ps) are efficiently shaped to flat-top pulses with sharp rise and fall times through differential delay in a set of birefringent crystals (YVO4). The transverse shaping is implemented with commercial refractive beam shaper (Newport). The laser systems design and characterization will be presented. Future work will address achieving of even larger average powers.

  7. Triwavelength synchronously mode-locked fiber laser based on few-layered black phosphorus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Ruwei; Li, Jing; Zhang, Baitao; Li, Xiaowen; Su, Xiancui; Wang, Yiran; Lou, Fei; Zhang, Haikun; He, Jingliang

    2016-09-01

    A triwavelength synchronously mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with black phosphorus (BP) was demonstrated. The BP was proved to be not only an excellent saturable absorber (SA) but also a strong nonlinear material benefiting the stabilization of a multiwavelength fiber laser. The laser worked for a long time at three synchronous wavelengths of 1557.2, 1557.7, and 1558.2 nm. The autocorrelation trace of 9.41 ps pulses showed an interference beating of 0.06 THz, corresponding to a beating period of 16.37 ps. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the usage of BP as an SA for building a multiwavelength synchronous mode-locked fiber laser.

  8. Fiber Laser Development for LISA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Numata, Kenji; Chen, Jeffrey R.

    2009-01-01

    We have developed a linearly-polarized Ytterbium-doped fiber ring laser with single longitudinal-mode output at 1064nm for LISA and other space applications. Single longitudinal-mode selection was achieved by using a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and a fiber Fabry-Perot (FFP). The FFP also serves as a frequency-reference within our ring laser. Our laser exhibits comparable low frequency and intensity noise to Non-Planar Ring Oscillator (NPRO). By using a fiber-coupled phase modulator as a frequency actuator, the laser frequency can be electro-optically tuned at a rate of 100kHz. It appears that our fiber ring laser is promising for space applications where robustness of fiber optics is desirable.

  9. System simulation method for fiber-based homodyne multiple target interferometers using short coherence length laser sources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fox, Maik; Beuth, Thorsten; Streck, Andreas; Stork, Wilhelm

    2015-09-01

    Homodyne laser interferometers for velocimetry are well-known optical systems used in many applications. While the detector power output signal of such a system, using a long coherence length laser and a single target, is easily modelled using the Doppler shift, scenarios with a short coherence length source, e.g. an unstabilized semiconductor laser, and multiple weak targets demand a more elaborated approach for simulation. Especially when using fiber components, the actual setup is an important factor for system performance as effects like return losses and multiple way propagation have to be taken into account. If the power received from the targets is in the same region as stray light created in the fiber setup, a complete system simulation becomes a necessity. In previous work, a phasor based signal simulation approach for interferometers based on short coherence length laser sources has been evaluated. To facilitate the use of the signal simulation, a fiber component ray tracer has since been developed that allows the creation of input files for the signal simulation environment. The software uses object oriented MATLAB code, simplifying the entry of different fiber setups and the extension of the ray tracer. Thus, a seamless way from a system description based on arbitrarily interconnected fiber components to a signal simulation for different target scenarios has been established. The ray tracer and signal simulation are being used for the evaluation of interferometer concepts incorporating delay lines to compensate for short coherence length.

  10. Multisoliton complexes in fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korobko, D. A.; Gumenyuk, R.; Zolotovskii, I. O.; Okhotnikov, O. G.

    2014-12-01

    The formation of stationary and non-stationary pulse groups is regularly observed in multiple pulse soliton fiber lasers. The environment developed in this study for the flexible investigation of this phenomenon is based on the cavity comprising a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) with complex dynamics of absorption recovery and all-fiber dispersion management. The detailed experimental and theoretical considerations show that multiple pulsing in fiber systems offers numerous embodiments ranging from stationary bound states to chaotic bunches. The pulse interaction through the dispersive waves was found to produce a principal impact on the bound state formation. The stability and transformation of stationary bound states and bunch propagation have been also addressed.

  11. Fiber-Based Laser Transmitter at 1.57 Micrometers for Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide from Satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yu, Anthony W.; Abshire, James B.; Stephen, Mark A.; Chen, Jeffrey R.; Wu, Stewart; Gonzalez, Brayler; Han, Lawrence; Numata, Kenji; Allan, Graham R.; Hasselbrack, William; Nicholson, Jeffrey W.; Yan, Man; Wisk, Patrick; DeSantolo, Anthony; DeSantolo, Anthony; Mangan, Brian; Puc, Gabe; Engin, Doruk; Mathason, Brian; Storm, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, NASA Goddard has successfully developed space-based lidar for remote sensing studies of the Earth and planets. The lidar in all missions to date have used diode pumped Nd:YAG laser transmitters. Recently we have been concentrating work on developing integrated path differential absorption (IPDA) lidar to measure greenhouse gases, with the goal of measurements from space. Due to the absorption spectrum of CO2 a fiber-based master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) laser with a tunable seed source is an attractive laser choice. Fiber-based lasers offer a number of potential advantages for space, but since they are relatively new, challenges exist in developing them. In order to reduce risks for new missions using fiber-based lasers, we developed a 30- month plan to mature the technology of a candidate laser transmitter for space-based CO2 measurements to TRL-6. This work is also intended to reduce development time and costs and increase confidence in future mission success.

  12. Dark and bright pulses in a SOA-Based fiber ring laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Yan; Tong, Xinglin; Wang, Zhiqiang; Zhan, Li; Hu, Pan; Guo, Qian

    2016-02-01

    We demonstrate the dark pulse emission in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-Based fiber ring laser with net abnormal dispersion. By means of the polarization-dependent property of SOA, the laser is mode-locked by using nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) technique. Stable bright pulses and dark pulses are observed through changing the current of the SOA and altering the polarization states. The dependence of both the polarization states and the current of SOA on the formation of dark pulses in the cavity have been carefully investigated, revealing that the output average power of the measured dark pulse is far greater than that of the bright pulse under the same current. Moreover, the evolution process from bright pulse to dark pulse has been studied, showing the role of the extinction ratio of PCs in the transition process. The polarization dependent and bistability properties of SOA and the extinction ratio of PCs are dominant for the dark pulses generation, giving a further evidence of the generation of dark pulses in different laser cavity.

  13. Multimodal fiber source for nonlinear microscopy based on a dissipative soliton laser

    PubMed Central

    Lamb, Erin S.; Wise, Frank W.

    2015-01-01

    Recent developments in high energy femtosecond fiber lasers have enabled robust and lower-cost sources for multiphoton-fluorescence and harmonic-generation imaging. However, picosecond pulses are better suited for Raman scattering microscopy, so the ideal multimodal source for nonlinear microcopy needs to provide both durations. Here we present spectral compression of a high-power femtosecond fiber laser as a route to producing transform-limited picosecond pulses. These pulses pump a fiber optical parametric oscillator to yield a robust fiber source capable of providing the synchronized picosecond pulse trains needed for Raman scattering microscopy. Thus, this system can be used as a multimodal platform for nonlinear microscopy techniques. PMID:26417497

  14. Femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser based on divided-pulse nonlinear amplification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Chao; Li, Wenxue; Li, Lang; Hao, Qiang; Zhao, Jian; Zeng, Heping

    2016-02-01

    A high-power erbium-doped fiber amplifier was realized by using a spatially and temporally divided pulse amplification technique. Pulse amplification and compression were simultaneously achieved in a double-clad Er-doped fiber by controlling the pulse gain and dispersion, generating a slope efficiency of 19.2% for the divided pulse amplification. The spectrum and pulse evolutions for nonlinear amplification and compression in the double-clad gain fiber were studied both in theory and experiment. Then 680 mW near-infrared femtosecond laser pulses were obtained by using 0.45 m single-mode fiber to compress amplified pulses. Frequency doubling was further carried out with a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal, generating 790 nm laser pulses with 110 mW average power and 95.7 fs pulse duration.

  15. Multimodal fiber source for nonlinear microscopy based on a dissipative soliton laser.

    PubMed

    Lamb, Erin S; Wise, Frank W

    2015-09-01

    Recent developments in high energy femtosecond fiber lasers have enabled robust and lower-cost sources for multiphoton-fluorescence and harmonic-generation imaging. However, picosecond pulses are better suited for Raman scattering microscopy, so the ideal multimodal source for nonlinear microcopy needs to provide both durations. Here we present spectral compression of a high-power femtosecond fiber laser as a route to producing transform-limited picosecond pulses. These pulses pump a fiber optical parametric oscillator to yield a robust fiber source capable of providing the synchronized picosecond pulse trains needed for Raman scattering microscopy. Thus, this system can be used as a multimodal platform for nonlinear microscopy techniques. PMID:26417497

  16. A 160 W single-frequency laser based on an active tapered double-clad fiber amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trikshev, A. I.; Kurkov, A. S.; Tsvetkov, V. B.; Filatova, S. A.; Kertulla, J.; Filippov, V.; Chamorovskiy, Yu K.; Okhotnikov, O. G.

    2013-06-01

    We present a CW single-frequency laser at 1062 nm (linewidth <3 MHz) with 160 W of total output power based on a two stage fiber amplifier. A GTWave fiber is used for the first stage of the amplifier. A tapered double-clad fiber (T-DCF) is used for the second stage of the amplifier. The high output power is achieved due to the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) filtering and increased stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) threshold inherent to the axially non-uniform geometry.

  17. Dual polarization fiber grating laser hydrophone.

    PubMed

    Guan, Bai-Ou; Tan, Yan-Nan; Tam, Hwa-Yaw

    2009-10-26

    A novel fiber optic hydrophone based on the integration of a dual polarization fiber grating laser and an elastic diaphragm is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The diaphragm transforms the acoustic pressure into transversal force acting on the laser cavity which changes the fiber birefringence and therefore the beat frequency between the two polarization lines. The proposed hydrophone has advantages of ease of interrogation, absolute frequency encoding, and capability to multiplex a number of sensors on a single fiber by use of frequency division multiplexing technique. PMID:19997174

  18. Optical-fiber-based laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of early caries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sasazawa, Shuhei; Kakino, Satoko; Matsuura, Yuji

    2015-06-01

    A laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) system targeting for the in vivo analysis of tooth enamel is described. The system is planned to enable real-time analysis of teeth during laser dental treatment by utilizing a hollow optical fiber that transmits both Q-switched Nd:YAG laser light for LIBS and infrared Er:YAG laser light for tooth ablation. The sensitivity of caries detection was substantially improved by expanding the spectral region under analysis to ultraviolet (UV) light and by focusing on emission peaks of Zn in the UV region. Subsequently, early caries were distinguished from healthy teeth with accuracy rates above 80% in vitro.

  19. All-fiber normal-dispersion femtosecond laser

    PubMed Central

    Kieu, K.; Wise, F. W.

    2011-01-01

    Spectral filtering of a chirped pulse can be a strong pulse-shaping mechanism in all-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers. We report an implementation of such a laser that employs only fiber-format components. The Yb-doped fiber laser includes a fiber filter, and a saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes. The laser generates 1.5-ps, 3-nJ pulses that can be dechirped to 250 fs duration outside the cavity. PMID:18648465

  20. High power incoherent beam combining of fiber lasers based on a 7 × 1 all-fiber signal combiner

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Xuanfeng; Chen, Zilun; Wang, Zefeng; Hou, Jing; Xu, Xiaojun

    2016-05-01

    We report an experiment of incoherent beam combining based on a 7×1 all-fiber signal combiner with output power up to 6.08 kW. Properties of transmission efficiency and beam quality are analyzed by beam propagation method. Based on the calculative results, a 7×1 all-fiber signal combiner is fabricated. The handle power capacity is tested with average transmission efficiency of 98.9% and beam quality of M2≈10.

  1. Fiber-Based Laser Speckle Imaging for the Detection of Pulsatile Flow

    PubMed Central

    Regan, Caitlin; Yang, Bruce Y.; Mayzel, Kent C.; Ramirez-San-Juan, Julio C.; Wilder-Smith, Petra; Choi, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objective In endodontics, a major diagnostic challenge is the accurate assessment of pulp status. In this study, we designed and characterized a fiber-based laser speckle imaging system to study pulsatile blood flow in the tooth. Study Design/Materials and Methods To take transilluminated laser speckle images of the teeth, we built a custom fiber-based probe. To assess our ability to detect changes in pulsatile flow, we performed in vitro and preliminary in vivo tests on tissue-simulating phantoms and human teeth. We imaged flow of intralipid in a glass microchannel at simulated heart rates ranging from 40 beats/minute (bpm) to 120 bpm (0.67–2.00 Hz). We also collected in vivo data from the upper front incisors of healthy subjects. From the measured raw speckle data, we calculated temporal speckle contrast versus time. With frequency-domain analysis, we identified the frequency components of the contrast waveforms. Results With our approach, we observed in vitro the presence of pulsatile flow at different simulated heart rates. We characterized simulated heart rate with an accuracy of and >98%. In the in vivo proof-of-principle experiment, we measured heart rates of 69, 90, and 57 bpm, which agreed with measurements of subject heart rate taken with a wearable, commercial pulse oximeter. Conclusions We designed, built, and tested the performance of a dental imaging probe. Data from in vitro and in vivo tests strongly suggest that this probe can detect the presence of pulsatile flow. LSI may enable endodontists to noninvasively assess pulpal vitality via direct measurement of blood flow. PMID:26202900

  2. Narrow linewidth low frequency noise Er-doped fiber ring laser based on femtosecond laser induced random feedback

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yang; Lu, Ping; Baset, Farhana; Ou, Zhonghua; Song, Jia; Alshehri, Ali; Bhardwaj, Vedula Ravi; Bao, Xiaoyi

    2014-09-01

    We propose and demonstrate a narrow linewidth, low frequency noise Er-doped fiber ring laser with resonant feedback in a femtosecond laser induced random medium of deep refractive index modulation in three dimensions. Eight concatenated single-mode fiber segments about 1 cm long, each carry a total of 8 × 500 randomly spaced laser-written-planes. Numerous low-finesse spectral filters are formed to significantly suppress sub-cavity modes, ensuring single-mode operation within a wavelength-locking range. The linewidth of the laser is 2.1 kHz with 58 dB side-mode-suppression-ratio. The frequency noise is ˜1 Hz/Hz1/2 above 1 kHz, and the frequency jitter is ˜1.8 × 10-12 over 100 s.

  3. A stable 2 μm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, X.; Luo, A.; Lin, W.; Yang, Q.; Yang, T.; Yuan, X.; Xu, S.; Xu, W.; Luo, Z.; Yang, Z.

    2014-08-01

    A passively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber (TDF) laser based on the nonlinear polarization evolution technique was demonstrated with the central wavelength of 1898.4 nm. With the increasing pump power, the pulse repetition frequency of the Q-switched TDF laser from 87.6 to 110.1 kHz was achieved, while the corresponding pulse duration was changed from 1171 to 785.7 ns. The power instability of the TDF laser was measured to be about ±1.5% during 8 h. In addition, the mode-locked phenomenon was also observed in our all-fiber TDF laser by carefully adjusting the polarization controllers.

  4. Yb fiber laser pumped mid-IR source based on difference frequency generation and its application to ammonia detection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Matsuoka, N.; Yamaguchi, S.; Nanri, K.; Fujioka, T.; Richter, D.; Tittel, F. K.

    2001-01-01

    A Yb fiber laser pumped cw narrow-linewidth tunable mid-IR source based on a difference frequency generation (DFG) in a periodically poled LiNbO3 (PPLN) crystal for trace gas detection was demonstrated. A high power Yb fiber laser and a distributed feedback (DFB) laser diode were used as DFG pump sources. This source generated mid-IR at 3 microns with a powers of 2.5 microW and a spectral linewidth of less than 30 MHz. A frequency tuning range of 300 GHz (10 cm-1) was obtained by varying the current and temperature of the DFB laser diode. A high-resolution NH3 absorption Doppler-broadened spectrum at 3295.4 cm-1 (3.0345 microns) was obtained at a cell pressure of 27 Pa from which a detection sensitivity of 24 ppm m was estimated.

  5. Concept and design of an FBG emulator for a scanning laser-based fiber optic interrogator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuhenuri, Nader; Putzer, Philipp; Koch, Alexander W.; Obermaier, Johannes; Schweyer, Sebastian; Hurni, Andreas

    2014-06-01

    The Hybrid Sensor Bus is a space-borne temperature monitoring system for telecommunication satellites com­ bining electrical and fiber-optical Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors. Currently, there is no method available for testing the functionality and robustness of the system without setting up an actual sensor-network implying numerous FBG sensors in which each has to be heated/cooled individually. As a verification method of the mentioned system, FBG reflection based scanning laser interrogator, an FBG­ emulator is implemented to emulate the necessary FBG sensors. It is capable of immediate emulation of any given FBG spectrum, thus, any temperature. The concept provides advantages like emulating different kinds of FBGs with any peak shape, variable Bragg-wavelength λB, maximal-reflectivity τmax, spectral-width and degradation characteristics. Further, it facilitates an efficient evaluation of different interrogator peak-finding algorithms and the capability of emulating up to 10000 sample points per second is achieved. In the present paper, different concepts will be discussed and evaluated yielding to the implementation of a Variable Optical Attenuator (VOA) as the main actuator of the emulator. The actuator choice is further restricted since the emulator has to work with light in unknown polarization state. In order to implement a fast opto-ceramic VOA, issues like temperature dependencies, up to 200 V driving input and capacitive load have to be overcome. Furthermore, a self-calibration procedure mitigates problems like attenuation losses and long-term drift.

  6. Novel fiber lasers and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zenteno, Luis A.; Walton, Donnell T.

    2003-07-01

    Glass fiber lasers were invented in the 60's by Elias Snitzer at Americal Optical, soon after the invention of the first solid-state glass laser. However, it was not until the 80's when these waveguide devices were deployed in industrial applications, driven largely by the technological success of the semiconductor laser diode, which provided practical and efficient pumps, and by the advent of low loss rare-earth-doped optical fiber.

  7. Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped photonic crystal fiber ring laser based on a length of polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Jianqun; Ruan, Shuangchen

    2012-03-01

    A switchable multi-wavelength Erbium-doped photonic crystal fiber (ED-PCF) ring laser based on a length of polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber(PM-PCF) is presented and demonstrated experimentally. A segment of ED-PCF is used as linear gain medium in the resonant cavity. Due to the polarization hole burning (PHB) caused by the PM-PCF and a polarization controller (PC), the laser can operate in stable dual- or triple- wavelength modes at room temperature. The optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of the laser without any wavelength-selective components is greater than 30 dB. The amplitude variations of lasing peaks in ten minutes are less than 0.26dB for two different operating modes.

  8. Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped photonic crystal fiber ring laser based on a length of polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Jianqun; Ruan, Shuangchen

    2011-11-01

    A switchable multi-wavelength Erbium-doped photonic crystal fiber (ED-PCF) ring laser based on a length of polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber(PM-PCF) is presented and demonstrated experimentally. A segment of ED-PCF is used as linear gain medium in the resonant cavity. Due to the polarization hole burning (PHB) caused by the PM-PCF and a polarization controller (PC), the laser can operate in stable dual- or triple- wavelength modes at room temperature. The optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of the laser without any wavelength-selective components is greater than 30 dB. The amplitude variations of lasing peaks in ten minutes are less than 0.26dB for two different operating modes.

  9. Progress in Cherenkov femtosecond fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Xiaomin; Svane, Ask S.; Lægsgaard, Jesper; Tu, Haohua; Boppart, Stephen A.; Turchinovich, Dmitry

    2016-01-01

    We review the recent developments in the field of ultrafast Cherenkov fiber lasers. Two essential properties of such laser systems—broad wavelength tunability and high efficiency of Cherenkov radiation wavelength conversion are discussed. The exceptional performance of the Cherenkov fiber laser systems are highlighted—dependent on the realization scheme, the Cherenkov lasers can generate the femtosecond output tunable across the entire visible and even the UV range, and for certain designs more than 40% conversion efficiency from the pump to Cherenkov signal can be achieved. The femtosecond Cherenkov laser with all-fiber architecture is presented and discussed. Operating in the visible range, it delivers 100-200 fs wavelength-tunable pulses with multimilliwatt output power and exceptionally low noise figure an order of magnitude lower than the traditional wavelength tunable supercontinuum-based femtosecond sources. The applications for Cherenkov laser systems in practical biophotonics and biomedical applications, such as bio-imaging and microscopy, are discussed.

  10. Carbon nanotube-based mode-locked wavelength-switchable fiber laser via net gain cross section alteration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Latif, A. A.; Mohamad, H.; Abu Bakar, M. H.; Muhammad, F. D.; Mahdi, M. A.

    2016-02-01

    We have proposed and demonstrated a carbon nanotube-based mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with switchable wavelength in the C-band wavelength region by varying the net gain cross section of erbium. The carbon nanotube is coated on a tapered fiber to form the saturable absorber for the purpose of mode-locking by exploiting the concept of evanescent field interaction on the tapered fiber with the carbon nanotube in a ring cavity configuration. The propagation loss is adjusted by inducing macrobend losses of the optical fiber in the cavity through a fiber spooling technique. Since the spooling radius can be gradually adjusted to achieve continuous tuning of attenuation, this passive tuning approach can be an alternative to optical tunable attenuator, with freedom of external device integration into the laser cavity. Based on this alteration, the net gain cross section of the laser system can be tailored to three different lasing wavelength ranges; 1533, 1560 nm and both (1533 and 1560 nm) with the minimum pulse duration of 734 fs. The proposed design is simple and stable with high beam quality and good reliability for multiple applications.

  11. Visible fiber lasers excited by GaN laser diodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujimoto, Yasushi; Nakanishi, Jun; Yamada, Tsuyoshi; Ishii, Osamu; Yamazaki, Masaaki

    2013-07-01

    This paper describes and discusses visible fiber lasers that are excited by GaN laser diodes. One of the attractive points of visible light is that the human eye is sensitive to it between 400 and 700 nm, and therefore we can see applications in display technology. Of course, many other applications exist. First, we briefly review previously developed visible lasers in the gas, liquid, and solid-state phases and describe the history of primary solid-state visible laser research by focusing on rare-earth doped fluoride media, including glasses and crystals, to clarify the differences and the merits of primary solid-state visible lasers. We also demonstrate over 1 W operation of a Pr:WPFG fiber laser due to high-power GaN laser diodes and low-loss optical fibers (0.1 dB/m) made by waterproof fluoride glasses. This new optical fiber glass is based on an AlF3 system fluoride glass, and its waterproof property is much better than the well known fluoride glass of ZBLAN. The configuration of primary visible fiber lasers promises highly efficient, cost-effective, and simple laser systems and will realize visible lasers with photon beam quality and quantity, such as high-power CW or tunable laser systems, compact ultraviolet lasers, and low-cost ultra-short pulse laser systems. We believe that primary visible fiber lasers, especially those excited by GaN laser diodes, will be effective tools for creating the next generation of research and light sources.

  12. Advances in fiber combined pump modules for fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crum, Trevor; Romero, Oscar; Li, Hanxuan; Jin, Xu; Towe, Terry; Chyr, Irving; Truchan, Tom; Liu, Daming; Cutillas, Serge; Johnson, Kelly; Park, Sang-Ki; Wolak, Ed; Miller, Robert; Bullock, Robert; Mott, Jeff; Fidric, Bernard; Harrison, James

    2009-02-01

    Fiber combining multiple pump sources for fiber lasers has enabled the thermal and reliability advantages of distributed architectures. Recently, mini-bar based modules have been demonstrated which combine the advantages of independent emitter failures previously shown in single-stripe pumps with improved brightness retention yielding over 2 MW/cm2Sr in compact economic modules. In this work multiple fiber-coupled mini-bars are fiber combined to yield an output of over 400 W with a brightness exceeding 1 MW/cm2Sr in an economic, low loss architecture.

  13. Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Suchun; Xu, Ou; Lu, Shaohua; Mao, Xiangqiao; Ning, Tigang; Jian, Shuisheng

    2009-04-01

    A switchable erbium-doped fiber-ring laser providing dual-wavelength outputs with orthogonal polarizations when operating at room temperature is proposed. One polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating (PMFBG) in a Sagnac loop interferometer is used as the wavelength-selective filter. Due to the enhancement of the polarization hole burning (PHB) by the PMFBG, the laser can be designed to operate in stable dual-wavelength or wavelength-switching modes with a wavelength spacing of 0.336 nm at room temperature by adjusting a polarization controller (PC). The optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) is over 42 dB. The amplitude variation over 90 min is less than 0.6 dB for both wavelengths.

  14. High brightness fiber laser pump sources based on single emitters and multiple single emitters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scheller, Torsten; Wagner, Lars; Wolf, Jürgen; Bonati, Guido; Dörfel, Falk; Gabler, Thomas

    2008-02-01

    Driven by the potential of the fiber laser market, the development of high brightness pump sources has been pushed during the last years. The main approaches to reach the targets of this market had been the direct coupling of single emitters (SE) on the one hand and the beam shaping of bars and stacks on the other hand, which often causes higher cost per watt. Meanwhile the power of single emitters with 100μm emitter size for direct coupling increased dramatically, which also pushed a new generation of wide stripe emitters or multi emitters (ME) of up to 1000μm emitter size respectively "minibars" with apertures of 3 to 5mm. The advantage of this emitter type compared to traditional bars is it's scalability to power levels of 40W to 60W combined with a small aperture which gives advantages when coupling into a fiber. We show concepts using this multiple single emitters for fiber coupled systems of 25W up to 40W out of a 100μm fiber NA 0.22 with a reasonable optical efficiency. Taking into account a further efficiency optimization and an increase in power of these devices in the near future, the EUR/W ratio pushed by the fiber laser manufacturer will further decrease. Results will be shown as well for higher power pump sources. Additional state of the art tapered fiber bundles for photonic crystal fibers are used to combine 7 (19) pump sources to output powers of 100W (370W) out of a 130μm (250μm) fiber NA 0.6 with nominal 20W per port. Improving those TFB's in the near future and utilizing 40W per pump leg, an output power of even 750W out of 250μm fiber NA 0.6 will be possible. Combined Counter- and Co-Propagated pumping of the fiber will then lead to the first 1kW fiber laser oscillator.

  15. Multiplexed fiber-ring laser sensors for ultrasonic detection.

    PubMed

    Liu, Tongqing; Hu, Lingling; Han, Ming

    2013-12-16

    We propose and demonstrate a multiplexing method for ultrasonic sensors based on fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) that are included inside the laser cavity of a fiber-ring laser. The multiplexing is achieved using add-drop filters to route the light signals, according to their wavelengths, into different optical paths, each of which contains a separate span of erbium-doped fiber (EDF) as the gain medium. Because a specific span of EDF only addresses a single wavelength channel, mode completion is avoided and the FBG ultrasonic sensors can be simultaneously demodulated. The proposed method is experimentally demonstrated using a two-channel system with two sensing FBGs in a single span of fiber. PMID:24514624

  16. Magnetic field sensor based on the Ampere's force using dual-polarization DBR fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Shuang; Zhang, Yang; Guan, Baiou

    2015-08-01

    A novel magnetic field sensor using distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber laser by Ampere's force effect is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The key sensing element, that is the dual-polarization DBR fiber laser, is fixed on the middle part of two copper plates which carry the current. Ampere's force is applied onto the coppers due to an external magnetic field generated by a DC solenoid. Thus, the lateral force from the coppers is converted to a corresponding beat frequency signal shift produced by the DBR laser. The electric current sensing is also realized by the same configuration and same principle simultaneously in an intuitive manner. Good agreement between the theory calculation and the experimental results is obtained, which shows a good linearity. This sensor's sensitivity to the magnetic field and to the electric current finally reaches ~258.92 kHz/mT and ~1.08727 MHz/A, respectively.

  17. Flexible pulse-controlled fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xueming; Cui, Yudong

    2015-01-01

    Controlled flexible pulses have widespread applications in the fields of fiber telecommunication, optical sensing, metrology, and microscopy. Here, we report a compact pulse-controlled all-fiber laser by exploiting an intracavity fiber Bragg grating (FBG) system as a flexible filter. The width and wavelength of pulses can be tuned independently by vertically and horizontally translating a cantilever beam, respectively. The pulse width of the laser can be tuned flexibly and accurately from ~7 to ~150 ps by controlling the bandwidth of FBG. The wavelength of pulse can be tuned precisely with the range of >20 nm. The flexible laser is precisely controlled and insensitive to environmental perturbations. This fiber-based laser is a simple, stable, and low-cost source for various applications where the width-tunable and/or wavelength-tunable pulses are necessary. PMID:25801546

  18. Flexible pulse-controlled fiber laser

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Xueming; Cui, Yudong

    2015-01-01

    Controlled flexible pulses have widespread applications in the fields of fiber telecommunication, optical sensing, metrology, and microscopy. Here, we report a compact pulse-controlled all-fiber laser by exploiting an intracavity fiber Bragg grating (FBG) system as a flexible filter. The width and wavelength of pulses can be tuned independently by vertically and horizontally translating a cantilever beam, respectively. The pulse width of the laser can be tuned flexibly and accurately from ~7 to ~150 ps by controlling the bandwidth of FBG. The wavelength of pulse can be tuned precisely with the range of >20 nm. The flexible laser is precisely controlled and insensitive to environmental perturbations. This fiber-based laser is a simple, stable, and low-cost source for various applications where the width-tunable and/or wavelength-tunable pulses are necessary. PMID:25801546

  19. Fiber-optic gas pressure sensing with a laser-heated silicon-based Fabry-Perot interferometer.

    PubMed

    Liu, Guigen; Han, Ming

    2015-06-01

    We report a novel fiber-optic sensor for measurement of static gas pressure based on the natural convection of a heated silicon pillar attached to a fiber tip functioning as a Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI). A visible laser beam is guided by the fiber to efficiently heat the silicon pillar, while an infrared whitelight source, also guided by the fiber, is used to measure the temperature of the FPI, which is influenced both by the laser power and the pressure through natural convection. We theoretically and experimentally show that, by monitoring the fringe shift caused by the laser heating, air pressure sensing with little temperature cross-sensitivity can be achieved. The pressure sensitivity can be easily tuned by adjusting the heating laser power. In our experiment, the sensor performance within the temperature range from 20°C to 50°C and the pressure range from 0 to 1400 psi has been characterized, showing an average sensitivity of -0.52  pm/psi. Compared to the passive version of the sensor, the pressure sensitivity was ∼15 times larger, and the temperature cross-sensitivity was ∼100 times smaller. PMID:26030532

  20. Amplification of noise-like pulses generated from a graphene-based Tm-doped all-fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Sobon, Grzegorz; Sotor, Jaroslaw; Przewolka, Aleksandra; Pasternak, Iwona; Strupinski, Wlodek; Abramski, Krzysztof

    2016-09-01

    We report on the generation of noise-like pulse (NLP) trains in a Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by multilayer graphene saturable absorber. The spectral bandwidth obtained directly from the oscillator exceeds 60 nm, centered at 1950 nm, with 23.5 MHz repetition rate. The pulses were also amplified in a fully fiberized amplifier based on a double-cladding Tm-doped fiber. The system was capable of delivering 1.21 W of average power, which corresponds to 51.5 nJ energy stored in the noise-like bundle. We believe that the presented source might serve as a pump for supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear fibers. PMID:27607642

  1. Experimental and numerical evaluation of freely spacing-tunable multiwavelength fiber laser based on two seeding light signals

    SciTech Connect

    Yuan, Yijun; Yao, Yong Guo, Bo; Yang, Yanfu; Tian, JiaJun; Yi, Miao

    2015-03-28

    A model of multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser (MEFL), which takes into account the impact of fiber attenuation on the four-wave-mixing (FWM), is proposed. Using this model, we numerically study the output characteristics of the MEFL based on FWM in a dispersion shift fiber with two seeding light signals (TSLS) and experimentally verify these characteristics. The numerical and experimental results show that the number of output channels can be increased with the increase of the erbium-doped fiber pump power. In addition, by decreasing the spacing of TSLS and increasing the power of TSLS, the number of output channels can be increased. However, when the power of TSLS exceeds a critical value, the number of output channels decreases. The results by numerical simulation are consistent with experimental observations from the MEFL.

  2. High-power ({gt}0.9 W cw) diffraction-limited semiconductor laser based on a fiber Bragg grating external cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Cornwell, D.M. , Jr.; Thomas, H.J.

    1997-02-01

    We have developed a high-power ({gt}0.9 W cw) diffraction-limited semiconductor laser based on a tapered semiconductor optical amplifier using a fiber Bragg grating in an external cavity configuration. Frequency-selective feedback from the fiber grating is injected into the amplifier via direct butt coupling through a single mode fiber, resulting in a spectrally stable and narrow ({lt}0.3 nm) high-power laser for solid-state laser pumping, laser remote sensing, and optical communications. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  3. Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Luo, Zhi-Chao; Liu, Meng; Guo, Zhi-Nan; Jiang, Xiao-Fang; Luo, Ai-Ping; Zhao, Chu-Jun; Yu, Xue-Feng; Xu, Wen-Cheng; Zhang, Han

    2015-07-27

    Few-layer black phosphorus (BP), as the most alluring graphene analogue owing to its similar structure as graphene and thickness dependent direct band-gap, has now triggered a new wave of research on two-dimensional (2D) materials based photonics and optoelectronics. However, a major obstacle of practical applications for few-layer BPs comes from their instabilities of laser-induced optical damage. Herein, we demonstrate that, few-layer BPs, which was fabricated through the liquid exfoliation approach, can be developed as a new and practical saturable absorber (SA) by depositing few-layer BPs with microfiber. The saturable absorption property of few-layer BPs had been verified through an open-aperture z-scan measurement at the telecommunication band. The microfiber-based BP device had been found to show a saturable average power of ~4.5 mW and a modulation depth of 10.9%, which is further confirmed through a balanced twin detection measurement. By integrating this optical SA device into an erbium-doped fiber laser, it was found that it can deliver the mode-locked pulse with duration down to 940 fs with central wavelength tunable from 1532 nm to 1570 nm. The prevention of BP from oxidation through the "lateral interaction scheme" owing to this microfiber-based few-layer BP SA device might partially mitigate the optical damage problem of BP. Our results not only demonstrate that black phosphorus might be another promising SA material for ultrafast photonics, but also provide a practical solution to solve the optical damage problem of black phosphorus by assembling with waveguide structures such as microfiber. PMID:26367661

  4. Highly reliable 198-nm light source for semiconductor inspection based on dual fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imai, Shinichi; Matsuki, Kazuto; Kikuiri, Nobutaka; Takayama, Katsuhiko; Iwase, Osamu; Urata, Yoshiharu; Shinozaki, Tatsuya; Wada, Yoshio; Wada, Satoshi

    2010-02-01

    Highly reliable DUV light sources are required for semiconductor applications such as a photomask inspection. The mask inspection for the advanced devices requires the UV lightning wavelength beyond 200 nm. By use of dual fiber lasers as fundamental light sources and the multi-wavelength conversion we have constructed a light source of 198nm with more than 100 mW. The first laser is Yb doped fiber laser with the wavelength of 1064 nm; the second is Er doped fiber laser with 1560 nm. To obtain the robustness and to simplify the configuration, the fundamental lights are run in the pulsed operation and all wavelength conversions are made in single-pass scheme. The PRFs of more than 2 MHz are chosen as an alternative of a CW light source; such a high PRF light is equivalent to CW light for inspection cameras. The light source is operated described as follows. Automatic weekly maintenance within an hour is done if it is required; automatic monthly maintenance within 4 hours is done on fixed date per month; manufacturer's maintenance is done every 6 month. Now this 198 nm light sources are equipped in the leading edge photomask inspection machines.

  5. Stimulated Raman hyperspectral imaging based on spectral filtering of broadband fiber laser pulses.

    PubMed

    Ozeki, Yasuyuki; Umemura, Wataru; Sumimura, Kazuhiko; Nishizawa, Norihiko; Fukui, Kiichi; Itoh, Kazuyoshi

    2012-02-01

    We demonstrate a technique of hyperspectral imaging in stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy using a tunable optical filter, whose transmission wavelength can be varied quickly by a galvanometer mirror. Experimentally, broadband Yb fiber laser pulses are synchronized with picosecond Ti:sapphire pulses, and then spectrally filtered out by the filter. After amplification by fiber amplifiers, we obtain narrowband pulses with a spectral width of <3.3 cm(-1) and a wavelength tunability of >225 cm(-1). By using these pulses, we accomplish SRS imaging of polymer beads with spectral information. PMID:22297376

  6. Thermally triggered fiber lasers based on secondary-type-In Bragg gratings.

    PubMed

    Feng, Fu-Rong; Ran, Yang; Liang, Yi-Zhi; Gao, Shuai; Feng, Yuan-Hua; Jin, Long; Guan, Bai-Ou

    2016-06-01

    The secondary-type-In grating formed in a small-core photosensitivity active fiber is discovered and investigated. Due to the different grating types, the transmission dip of a secondary grating structure chases and integrates with the type-In grating structure as the temperature increases, which strengthens the reflectivity of the grating. By use of these secondary-type-In gratings as Bragg reflectors, a thermally activated distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber laser is proposed, which can be potentially used in high-temperature alarms and sensors. PMID:27244391

  7. Gigahertz single source IIR microwave photonic filter based on coherence managed multi-longitudinal-mode fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Jin, Yanbing; Feng, Xinhuan; Li, Feng; Wang, Xudong; Guan, Baiou; Yuan, Jinhui; Wai, P K A

    2015-02-23

    In this paper, we propose to use a multi-longitudinal-mode (MLM) laser as the source of an infinite-impulse response (IIR) microwave photonic filter (MPF) to obtain GHz level free spectral range (FSR). The response function of such an IIR-MPF and the degree of coherence of the laser are discussed theoretically. The degree of coherence of the MLM laser shows a periodic structure which is significantly different to that of single mode lasers. By engineering the degree of coherence of the MLM laser, we are able to control the stability of the IIR-MPFs with different Q factors. It is found that stable IIR-MPF with GHz level FSR can be realized with an MLM laser and its stability can be enhanced if the coherence of the laser is managed. Based on the theoretical analysis, we fabricate an IIR-MPF based on an MLM erbium doped fiber laser. The impacts of the mode spacing Δν and the bandwidth to the stability are investigated experimentally. A stable IIR-MPF with an FSR of 0.59 GHz is realized and the relative fluctuation of the response curve is optimized to be less than 2%. Besides stable response, the IIR-MPF is reconfigurable by tuning the central wavelength of the laser in a range of 20 nm. PMID:25836464

  8. High power fiber MOPA based QCW laser delivering pulses with arbitrary duration on demand at high modulation bandwidth.

    PubMed

    Petkovšek, Rok; Novak, Vid; Agrež, Vid

    2015-12-28

    We report on a concept of a fiber MOPA based quasi-CW laser working at high modulation bandwidths up to 40 MHz capable of producing arbitrary pulse durations at arbitrary repetition rates. An output power of over 100 W was achieved and an on-off contrast of 25 dB. The laser features a dual-channel (dual-wavelength) seed source, a double stage YDF amplifier and a volume-Bragg-grating-based signal de-multiplexer. Minimization of transients was conducted through experiment and model analysis. PMID:26831982

  9. A multiwavelength Er-doped fiber laser using a nonlinear optical loop mirror and a twin-core fiber-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Guolu; Lou, Shuqin; Zou, Hui

    2013-04-01

    A multiwavelength Er-doped fiber (EDF) laser was proposed and experimentally demonstrated using a nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) and a twin-core fiber-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer (TCF MZI). A total of 40 lasing wavelengths around the wavelength of 1560 nm with an average signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 28 dB and 30 lasing wavelengths around the wavelength of 1530 nm with an average SNR of 20 dB were achieved when the EDF length was 6 and 2 m, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that multiwavelength oscillations have been obtained in the wavelength range of 1530 nm by using a NOLM. The wavelength spacing is ˜0.19 nm which is determined by the TCF MZI. In addition, the effects of the pump power and the state of polarization on the performance of the multiwavelength EDF laser were investigated.

  10. Ytterbium fiber laser based on first-order fiber Bragg gratings written with 400 nm femtosecond pulses and a phase-mask.

    PubMed

    Bernier, M; Vallée, R; Morasse, B; Desrosiers, C; Saliminia, A; Sheng, Y

    2009-10-12

    A Fiber Bragg grating of 369 nm pitch was inscribed in a germanium-free double-clad ytterbium doped silica fiber using a femto-second pulse train at 400 nm wavelength and a phase mask. The photo-induced refractive index modulation of higher than 4 x 10(-3) was obtained and the accompanying photo-induced losses were subsequently removed by thermal annealing, resulting in a low loss (<0.1 dB), stable and high reflectivity (>40 dB) FBG. Based on this FBG, a monolithic Ytterbium fiber laser operating at 1073 nm with slope efficiency of 71% and output power of 13 W was demonstrated. PMID:20372623

  11. Fiber laser-based scanning lidar for space rendezvous and docking.

    PubMed

    Luo, Yuan; He, Yan; Gao, Min; Zhou, Cuiyun; Zang, Huaguo; Lei, Linjun; Xie, Kedi; Yang, Yan; Shi, Wei; Hou, Xia; Chen, Weibiao

    2015-03-20

    Lidar systems have played an important role in space rendezvous and docking (RVD). A new type of scanning lidar is developed using a high-repetition-rate pulsed fiber laser and a position detector. It will be a candidate for autonomous space RVD between two spacecrafts. The lidar can search and track cooperative targets in a large region without artificial guidance. The lidar's operational range spans from 18 m to 20 km, and the relative angle between two aircrafts can be measured with high accuracy. A novel fiber laser with tunable pulse energy and repetition rate is developed to meet the wide dynamic detection range of the lidar. This paper presents the lidar system's composition, performance, and experimental results in detail. PMID:25968536

  12. Pump-limited, 203 W, single-frequency monolithic fiber amplifier based on laser gain competition.

    PubMed

    Zeringue, Clint; Vergien, Christopher; Dajani, Iyad

    2011-03-01

    We present high power results of a Yb-doped fiber amplifier seeded with a combination of broad and single-frequency laser signals. This two-tone concept was used in conjunction with externally applied or intrinsically formed thermal gradients to demonstrate combined stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression in a copumped monolithic, polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber. Depending on the input parameters and the thermal gradient, the output power of the single-frequency signal ranged from 80 to 203 W with slope efficiencies from 70% to 80%. The 203 W amplifier was pump limited and is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest reported in the literature for monolithic, PM single-frequency fiber amplifiers. PMID:21368926

  13. Characterization of wavelength-swept active mode locking fiber laser based on reflective semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Hwi Don; Lee, Ju Han; Yung Jeong, Myung; Kim, Chang-Seok

    2011-07-01

    The static and dynamic characteristics of a wavelength-swept active mode locking (AML) fiber laser are presented in both the time-region and wavelength-region. This paper shows experimentally that the linewidth of a laser spectrum and the bandwidth of the sweeping wavelength are dependent directly on the length and dispersion of the fiber cavity as well as the modulation frequency and sweeping rate under the mode-locking condition. To achieve a narrower linewidth, a longer length and higher dispersion of the fiber cavity as well as a higher order mode locking condition are required simultaneously. For a broader bandwidth, a lower order of the mode locking condition is required using a lower modulation frequency. The dynamic sweeping performance is also analyzed experimentally to determine its applicability to optical coherence tomography imaging. It is shown that the maximum sweeping rate can be improved by the increased free spectral range from the shorter length of the fiber cavity. A reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) was used to enhance the modulation and dispersion efficiency. Overall a triangular electrical signal can be used instead of the sinusoidal signal to sweep the lasing wavelength at a high sweeping rate due to the lack of mechanical restrictions in the wavelength sweeping mechanism.

  14. Thulium/holmium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by black phosphorus nanoplatelets-based saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Yu, Hao; Zheng, Xin; Yin, Ke; Cheng, Xiang'ai; Jiang, Tian

    2015-12-01

    By coupling black phosphorus (BP) nanoplatelets (NPs) with a fiber-taper evanescent light field, a saturable absorber (SA) based on the BP NPs has been successfully fabricated and used in a thulium/holmium-doped fiber laser as the mode locker. The SA had a modulation depth of ∼9.8% measured at 1.93 μm. A stable mode-locking operation at 1898 nm was achieved with a pulse width of 1.58 ps and a fundamental mode-lock repetition rate of 19.2 MHz. By increasing the pump intensity, phenomena of multi-pulsing operations, including harmonic mode-locked states and soliton bunches, were obtained in the experiment, showing that the BP NPs possess an ultrafast optical response time. This work suggests that the BP NPs-based SA is potentially useful for ultrashort, pulsed laser operations in the eye-safe region of 2 μm. PMID:26836690

  15. Self-compression to 24 MW peak power in a fused silica solid-core fiber using a high-repetition rate thulium-based fiber laser system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gebhardt, Martin; Gaida, Christian; Stutzki, Fabian; Hädrich, Steffen; Jauregui, Cesar; Limpert, Jens; Tünnermann, Andreas

    2016-03-01

    Complementing ultrafast thulium-doped fiber-laser systems with a subsequent nonlinear pulse compression stage can enable unique laser parameters at around 2 μm operation wavelength. Significant pulse shortening and peak power enhancement have been accomplished using a fused silica solid-core fiber. In this fiber a pulse peak power of 24 MW was achieved without catastrophic damage due to self-focusing. As compared to operation in the well-explored 1 μm wavelength region, increasing the emission wavelength to 2 μm has a twofold advantage for nonlinear compression in fused-silica solid-core fibers. This is because, on the one hand the self-focusing limit scales quadratically with the wavelength. On the other hand the dispersion properties of fused silica allow for self-compression of ultrashort pulses beyond 1.3 μm wavelength, which leads to strong spectral broadening from very compact setups without the need for external compression. Using this technique we have generated 1.1 μJpulses with 24 fs FWHM pulse duration (<4 optical cycles), 24 MW peak power and 24.6 W of average power. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest average power obtained from any nonlinear compression experiment around 2 μm wavelength and the first demonstration of peak powers beyond 20 MW within a fused-silica solid-core fiber. This result emphasizes that thulium-doped fiber-based chirped-pulse amplification systems may outperform their ytterbiumdoped counterparts in terms of peak power due to the fourfold increase of the critical power of self-focusing.

  16. Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb(2)Te(3) saturable absorbers.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wenjun; Pang, Lihui; Han, Hainian; Tian, Wenlong; Chen, Hao; Lei, Ming; Yan, Peiguang; Wei, Zhiyi

    2015-10-01

    Dark solitons, which have better stability in the presence of noise, have potential applications in optical communication and ultrafast optics. In this paper, the dark soliton formation in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb(2)Te(3) saturable absorber (SA) is first experimentally demonstrated. The Sb(2)Te(3) SA is fabricated by using the pulsed laser deposition method. The generated dark solitons are centered at the wavelength of 1530 nm and repetition rate of 94 MHz. Analytic solutions for dark solitons are also obtained theoretically. PMID:26480117

  17. High average power harmonic mode-locking of a Raman fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, J.; Zhao, C. J.; Gao, Y. X.; Fan, D. Y.

    2016-03-01

    We experimentally demonstrate the operation of a stable harmonically mode-locked Raman fiber laser based on the nonlinear polarization rotation technique. A maximum average output power of up to 235 mW is achieved at the repetition rate of 466.2 MHz, corresponding to the 1665th order harmonic mode-locking. The temporal width of the mode-locked pulse train is 450 ps. The experimental results should shed some light on the design of wavelength versatile ultrashort lasers with high repetition rate and average output power.

  18. Indium Telluride Cylinder Fiber Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandupatla, Abhinay

    A new type of fiber laser is described here. The laser consists of a 25 mm long fiber with an approximately 15 nm thick In2Te3 semiconductor layer at the glass core glass cladding boundary. The laser mirrors consist of a thick vacuum deposited aluminum layer at one end and a thin semitransparent aluminum layer deposited at the other end of the fiber. The laser is pumped from the side with either light from a Halogen Tungsten incandescent lamp or a blue, power LED. Since both, the gain of the In2Te3 semi-conductor and aluminum mirrors have a wide bandwidth the output consists of a pedestal from a wavelength of about 455 nm to about 650 nm with several peaks. There is a main peak at 545 nm. The main peak has an amplitude of 16.5 dB above the noise level of - 73 dB.

  19. Experiment study of bio-tissue's temperature irradiated by laser based on optical fiber F-P sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shan, Ning; Liu, Xia

    2014-08-01

    Laser has several advantages, such as strong anti-interference ability, quick speed, high power, agility and precision. It is widely applied in military and medicine fields. When laser acts on human body, biological tissue of human body will appear the phenomenon of ablation and carbonization and solidification. In order to effectively defend excess damage by laser, the thermal effect research of skin tissue should be carried out. Temperature is a key parameter in the processing between laser and bio-tissue. It is the mostly foundation using analyze size of thermal damage area and forecast thermal damage degree. In this paper, the low fineness optical fiber F-P sensing system for temperature measurement is designed and established. The real-time measurement system of temperature generated by laser irradiating bio-tissue is build based on the sensing system. The temperature distributing generated by laser in the bio-tissue is studied through experiment when the spot diameter of emission laser is difference with the same energy density and the energy density is difference with the same spot diameter of emission laser. The experimental results show that the sensing system can be used to the real-time temperature measurement of bio-tissue efficiency. It has small bulk. Its outer diameter is 250μm. And the hurt for bio-tissue is small. It has high respond speed. The respond time of temperature is less than 1s. These can be satisfied with practice demand. When the energy density of laser is same, the temperature rising in the same location is low along the spot diameter of emission laser increasing. When the spot diameter of emission laser is same, the temperature rising in the same location is increasing along with the energy density of laser increasing.

  20. Highly Efficient Tm-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Ceramic Laser Based on the Novel Fiber-Bulk Hybrid Configuration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jun; Shen, Deyuan; Huang, Haitao; Zhang, Xiaoqi; Tang, Dingyuan; Fan, Dianyuan

    2013-09-01

    A polycrystalline ceramic Tm3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Tm:Y3Al5O12, Tm:YAG) laser based on the novel fiber-bulk hybrid configuration is demonstrated using a high-power and tunable Er,Yb co-doped fiber laser as the pump source. Lasing characteristics of a 4.0 at. % Tm:YAG ceramic are investigated at different pump wavelengths from 1617 to 1625 nm. With an output coupler of 10% transmission, a maximum output power of 3.9 W is obtained at 2013.2 nm under an 8.8 W incident pump power at the Tm:YAG absorption peak of 1620.4 nm, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 50.1% with respect to the incident pump power.

  1. Ytterbium fiber-based, 270 fs, 100 W chirped pulse amplification laser system with 1 MHz repetition rate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Zhigang; Kobayashi, Yohei

    2016-01-01

    A 100 W Yb-doped, fiber-based, femtosecond, chirped pulse amplification laser system was developed with a repetition rate of 1 MHz, corresponding to a pulse energy of 100 µJ. Large-scale, fused-silica transmission gratings were used for both the pulse stretcher and compressor, with a compression throughput efficiency of ∼85%. A pulse duration of 270 fs was measured by second harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating (SHG-FROG). To the best of our knowledge, this is the shortest pulse duration ever achieved by a 100-W-level fiber chirped pulse amplification laser system at a repetition rate of few megahertz, without any special post-compression manipulation.

  2. Repetition frequency scaling of an all-polarization maintaining erbium-doped mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes saturable absorber

    SciTech Connect

    Sotor, J. Sobon, G.; Abramski, K. M.; Jagiello, J.; Lipinska, L.

    2015-04-07

    We demonstrate an all-polarization maintaining (PM), mode-locked erbium (Er)-doped fiber laser based on a carbon nanotubes (CNT) saturable absorber (SA). The laser resonator was maximally simplified by using only one passive hybrid component and a pair of fiber connectors with deposited CNTs. The repetition frequency (F{sub rep}) of such a cost-effective and self-starting mode-locked laser was scaled from 54.3 MHz to 358.6 MHz. The highest F{sub rep} was obtained when the total cavity length was shortened to 57 cm. The laser allows ultrashort pulse generation with the duration ranging from 240 fs to 550 fs. Because the laser components were based on PM fibers the laser was immune to the external perturbations and generated laniary polarized light with the degree of polarization (DOP) of 98.7%.

  3. Femtosecond fiber laser additive manufacturing of tungsten

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, Shuang; Liu, Jian; Yang, Pei; Zhai, Meiyu; Huang, Huan; Yang, Lih-Mei

    2016-04-01

    Additive manufacturing (AM) is promising to produce complex shaped components, including metals and alloys, to meet requirements from different industries such as aerospace, defense and biomedicines. Current laser AM uses CW lasers and very few publications have been reported for using pulsed lasers (esp. ultrafast lasers). In this paper, additive manufacturing of Tungsten materials is investigated by using femtosecond (fs) fiber lasers. Various processing conditions are studied, which leads to desired characteristics in terms of morphology, porosity, hardness, microstructural and mechanical properties of the processed components. Fully dense Tungsten part with refined grain and increased hardness was obtained and compared with parts made with different pulse widths and CW laser. The results are evidenced that the fs laser based AM provides more dimensions to modify mechanical properties with controlled heating, rapid melting and cooling rates compared with a CW or long pulsed laser. This can greatly benefit to the make of complicated structures and materials that could not be achieved before.

  4. Laser peening with fiber optic delivery

    DOEpatents

    Friedman, Herbert W.; Ault, Earl R.; Scheibner, Karl F.

    2004-11-16

    A system for processing a workpiece using a laser. The laser produces at least one laser pulse. A laser processing unit is used to process the workpiece using the at least one laser pulse. A fiber optic cable is used for transmitting the at least one laser pulse from the laser to the laser processing unit.

  5. A High Power Frequency Doubled Fiber Laser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thompson, Rob; Tu, Meirong; Aveline, Dave; Lundblad, Nathan; Maleki, Lute

    2003-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the power frequencies for the doubled fiber laser. It includes information on the 780 nm laser, second harmonic generation in one crystal, cascading crystals, the tenability of laser systems, laser cooling, and directions for future work.

  6. High power burst-mode operated sub-nanosecond fiber laser based on 20/125 μm highly doped Yb fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Kaihua; Wu, Pinghui; Wen, Ruhua; Song, Jiangxin; Guo, Yan; Lai, Xiaomin

    2016-02-01

    A master oscillator power amplification (MOPA) structured high power sub-nanosecond fiber laser with pulse bunch output is experimentally demonstrated. The seed was a figure-of-eight structured mode-locked fiber laser with a pulse duration of 700 ps and a repetition rate of 2.67 MHz. The seed pulse via two cascaded fiber couplers was multiplied to a pulse bunch, which was composed of 6 sub-pulses. The multiplied pulses were pre-amplified to an average power of 1.5 W through a cladding-pumping fiber amplifier. The pre-amplified laser was further amplified using a 20/125 μm large mode area (LMA) Yb-doped fiber. The laser emitted from the power-amplifier had an average power of 36 W, and a slope efficiency of 72%.

  7. Compact Fiber Laser for 589nm Laser Guide Star Generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pennington, D.; Drobshoff, D.; Mitchell, S.; Brown, A.

    Laser guide stars are crucial to the broad use of astronomical adaptive optics, because they facilitate access to a large fraction of possible locations on the sky. Lasers tuned to the 589 nm atomic sodium resonance can create an artificial beacon at altitudes of 95-105 km, thus coming close to reproducing the light path of starlight. The deployment of multiconjugate adaptive optics on large aperture telescopes world-wide will require the use of three to nine sodium laser guide stars in order to achieve uniform correction over the aperture with a high Strehl value. Current estimates place the minimum required laser power at > 10 W per laser for a continuous wave source, though a pulsed format, nominally 6?s in length at ~ 16.7 kHz, is currently preferred as it would enable tracking the laser through the Na layer to mitigate spot elongation. The lasers also need to be compact, efficient, robust and turnkey. We are developing an all-fiber laser system for generating a 589 nm source for laser-guided adaptive optics. Fiber lasers are more compact and insensitive to alignment than their bulk laser counterparts, and the heat-dissipation characteristics of fibers, coupled with the high efficiencies demonstrated and excellent spatial mode characteristics, make them a preferred candidate for many high power applications. Our design is based on sum-frequency mixing an Er/Yb:doped fiber laser operating at 1583 nm with a 938 nm Nd:silica fiber laser in a periodically poled crystal to generate 589 nm. We have demonstrated 14 W at 1583 nm with an Er/Yb:doped fiber laser, based on a Koheras single frequency fiber oscillator amplified in an IPG Photonics fiber amplifier. The Nd:silica fiber laser is a somewhat more novel device, since the Nd3+ ions must operate on the resonance transition (i.e. 4F3/2-4I9/2), while suppressing ASE losses at the more conventional 1088 nm transition. Optimization of the ratio of the fiber core and cladding permits operation of the laser at room

  8. Technology and applications of ultrafast fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lang, Marion; Hellerer, Thomas; Stuhler, Juergen

    2011-11-01

    We briefly review the key technology of modern fiber based femtosecond laser sources summarizing advantages and disadvantages of different mode-locking solutions. A description of possible extensions of a FemtoFiber-type modelocked Er-doped fiber laser oscillator (1560 nm) reveals the flexibility with respect to wavelength coverage (488 nm .. 2200 nm) and pulse duration (10 fs .. 10 ps). The resulting FemtoFiber family and its versions for instrument integration allow one to use these state-of-the-art light sources in many important applications, e.g. THz spectroscopy and microscopy. We show that, depending on the fiber laser model and the THz emitter, THz radiation can be produced with 4-10 THz bandwidth and detected with up to 60 dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Electronically controlled optical scanning (ECOPS) - a unique method for fast, precise and comfortable sampling of the THz pulse or other pump-probe experiments - is described and recommended for efficient data acquisition. As examples for modern microscopy with ultrafast fiber lasers we present results of two-photon fluorescence, coherent microscopy techniques (SHG/THG/CARS) and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM).

  9. Technology and applications of ultrafast fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lang, Marion; Hellerer, Thomas; Stuhler, Juergen

    2012-03-01

    We briefly review the key technology of modern fiber based femtosecond laser sources summarizing advantages and disadvantages of different mode-locking solutions. A description of possible extensions of a FemtoFiber-type modelocked Er-doped fiber laser oscillator (1560 nm) reveals the flexibility with respect to wavelength coverage (488 nm .. 2200 nm) and pulse duration (10 fs .. 10 ps). The resulting FemtoFiber family and its versions for instrument integration allow one to use these state-of-the-art light sources in many important applications, e.g. THz spectroscopy and microscopy. We show that, depending on the fiber laser model and the THz emitter, THz radiation can be produced with 4-10 THz bandwidth and detected with up to 60 dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Electronically controlled optical scanning (ECOPS) - a unique method for fast, precise and comfortable sampling of the THz pulse or other pump-probe experiments - is described and recommended for efficient data acquisition. As examples for modern microscopy with ultrafast fiber lasers we present results of two-photon fluorescence, coherent microscopy techniques (SHG/THG/CARS) and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM).

  10. Hollow fiber based quantum cascade laser spectrometer for fast and sensitive drug identification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herbst, J.; Scherer, B.; Ruf, A.; Erb, J.; Lambrecht, A.

    2012-01-01

    Sensitive and fast identification of drugs or drug precursors is important and necessary in scenarios like baggage or container check by customs or police. Fraunhofer IPM is developing a laser spectrometer using external cavity quantum cascade lasers (EC-QCL) to obtain mid-infrared (IR) absorption spectra in the wavelength range of the specific vibrational bands of amphetamines and their precursors. The commercial EC-QCL covers a tuning range of about 225 cm-1 within 1.4 s. The system could be used for different sample types like bulk samples or liquid solutions. A sampling unit evaporates the sample. Because of small sample amounts a 3 m long hollow fiber with an inner volume smaller than 1ml is used as gas cell and wave guide for the laser beam. This setup is suitable as a detector of a gas chromatograph instead of a standard detector (TCD or FID). The advantage is the selective identification of drugs by their IR spectra in addition to the retention time in the gas chromatographic column. In comparison to Fourier Transform IR systems the EC-QCL setup shows a good mechanical robustness and has the advantage of a point light source. Because of the good fiber incoupling performance of the EC-QCL it is possible to use hollow fibers. So, a good absorption signal is achieved because of the long optical path in the small cell volume without significant dilution. In first laboratory experiments a detection limit in the microgram range for pseudo ephedrine is achieved.

  11. Femtosecond wavelength-tunable OPCPA system based on picosecond fiber laser seed and picosecond DPSS laser pump.

    PubMed

    Danilevičius, R; Zaukevičius, A; Budriūnas, R; Michailovas, A; Rusteika, N

    2016-07-25

    We present a compact and stable femtosecond wavelength-tunable optical parametric chirped pulse amplification (OPCPA) system. A novel OPCPA front-end was constructed using a multi-channel picosecond all-in-fiber source for seeding DPSS pump laser and white light supercontinuum generation. Broadband chirped pulses were parametrically amplified up to 1 mJ energy and compressed to less than 40 fs duration. Pulse wavelength tunability in the range from 680 nm to 930 nm was experimentally demonstrated. PMID:27464199

  12. 2 micron femtosecond fiber laser

    DOEpatents

    Liu, Jian; Wan, Peng; Yang, Lihmei

    2014-07-29

    Methods and systems for generating femtosecond fiber laser pulses are disclose, including generating a signal laser pulse from a seed laser oscillator; using a first amplifier stage comprising an input and an output, wherein the signal laser pulse is coupled into the input of the first stage amplifier and the output of the first amplifier stage emits an amplified and stretched signal laser pulse; using an amplifier chain comprising an input and an output, wherein the amplified and stretched signal laser pulse from the output of the first amplifier stage is coupled into the input of the amplifier chain and the output of the amplifier chain emits a further amplified, stretched signal laser pulse. Other embodiments are described and claimed.

  13. Development of fiber-laser-based laser-induced fluorescence for detection of SO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect

    Dahv A. V. Kliner; Roger L. Farrow; Jeffrey P. Koplow; Lew Goldberg

    1998-12-01

    Gaining a quantitative understanding of many aspects of the earth's climate system requires development of new detection methods for key atmospheric species and their incorporation into chemical sensors with high sensitivity, specificity, and time response. The authors have initiated a research program to develop these new chemical-sensing capabilities. The species they have targeted initially are oxides of nitrogen and sulfur, specifically NO and S0{sub 2} These molecules play a central role in the earth's climate, and anthropogenic activities (primarily fossil-fuel combustion) are the dominant source of both species. They are exploring the use of single-mode fiber lasers and amplifiers as compact, lightweight sources of tunable, narrow-bandwidth, deep-UV radiation. They have also begun spectroscopic studies to optimize UV laser-induced fluorescence for detection of S0{sub 2} with high sensitivity and specificity.

  14. Fiber laser vector hydrophone: theory and experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Wentao; Zhang, Faxiang; Ma, Rui; He, Jun; Li, Fang; Liu, Yuliang

    2011-05-01

    A novel fiber laser vector hydrophone (FLVH) based on accelerometers is presented. Three fiber laser accelerometers (FLA), perpendicular to each other, are used to detect the acoustic induced particle acceleration. Theoretical analyses of the acoustic sensitivity and the natural frequency are given. Experiment shows a sensitivity of 0.1 pm/Pa@100 Hz is achieved, which results in a minimum detectable acoustic signal of 100 μPa/@Hz@100 Hz. Field demonstration shows that the proposed vector hydrophone has good directivity.

  15. Wedged Fibers Suppress Feedback of Laser Beam

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ladany, I.

    1986-01-01

    When injected laser is coupled into optical fiber, emission instabilities arise because of optical feedback losses from fiber into laser. Coupling efficiencies as high as 80 percent, however, obtained by shaping end of multimode fiber into obtuse-angled wedge. Because slanted sides eliminate back reflection, such wedged fiber achieves high coupling efficiency.

  16. Multifunctional tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on tunable comb filter and intensity-dependent loss modulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quan, Mingran; Li, Yuan; Tian, Jiajun; Yao, Yong

    2015-04-01

    A multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on tunable comb spectral filter and intensity-dependent loss modulation is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The laser allows fine and multifunctional tunable operations of channel-spacing, peak-location, spectral-range, and wavelength-number. More specifically, channel-spacing switch from 0.4 nm to 0.2 nm and peak-location adjustment within half of free spectrum range are obtained via controlling the tunable comb filter. The wavelength-number and the spectral-range of the lasing lines can be accurately controlled by intensity-dependent loss modulation in the laser cavity, enabled by a power-symmetric nonlinear optical loop mirror. In addition, fine control over the wavelength-number at fixed spectral-range is realized by simply adjusting the pump power. More important, the tunable operation process for every type of specific parameter is individual, without influences for other output parameters. Such features of this fiber laser make it useful and convenient for the practical application.

  17. Tunable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser by cascading a standard Mach-Zehnder interferometer and a twin-core fiber-based filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Guolu; Lou, Shuqin; Wang, Xin; Han, Bolin

    2013-12-01

    A tunable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser (MEDFL) based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) was proposed and experimentally demonstrated by cascading a standard Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) and a twin-core fiber (TCF)-based filter. Due to the ‘blue shift’ of the transmission band of the TCF-based filter when the TCF was bent, a tunable lasing waveband was realized by moving the transmission band of the TCF-based filter to cover different channels provided by the standard MZI. Experimental results showed that the lasing waveband can be linearly tuned over a range of 24 nm from 1542 to 1566 nm with a channel spacing of 0.4 nm, a maximum lasing line amount of 19, and an optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) of 39 dB. The stability of the laser spectra was verified with a wavelength drift of 0.04 nm and a power fluctuation of ±0.3 dB.

  18. Alignment and maintenance free all-fiber laser source for CARS microscopy based on frequency conversion by four-wave-mixing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baumgartl, Martin; Chemnitz, Mario; Jauregui, Cesar; Meyer, Tobias; Dietzek, Benjamin; Popp, Jürgen; Limpert, Jens; Tünnermann, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    In this contribution we report on a novel approach for pump and stokes pulse generation in extremely compact all-fiber systems using parametric frequency conversion (four-wave-mixing) in photonic-crystal fibers. Representing a completely alignment-free approach, the all-fiber ytterbium-based short-pulse laser system provides intrinsically synchronized tunable two-color picosecond pulses emitted from a single fiber end. The system was designed to address important CH-stretch vibrational resonances. Strong CARS signals are generated and proved by spectroscopic experiments, tuning the laser over the resonance of toluene at 3050cm-1. Furthermore the whole laser setup with a footprint of only 30x30cm2 is mounted on a home-built laser-scanning-microscope and CARS imaging capabilities are verified. The compact turn-key system represents a significant advance for CARS microscopy to enter real-world, in particular bio-medical, applications.

  19. All fiber passively Q-switched laser

    DOEpatents

    Soh, Daniel B. S.; Bisson, Scott E

    2015-05-12

    Embodiments relate to an all fiber passively Q-switched laser. The laser includes a large core doped gain fiber having a first end. The large core doped gain fiber has a first core diameter. The laser includes a doped single mode fiber (saturable absorber) having a second core diameter that is smaller than the first core diameter. The laser includes a mode transformer positioned between a second end of the large core doped gain fiber and a first end of the single mode fiber. The mode transformer has a core diameter that transitions from the first core diameter to the second core diameter and filters out light modes not supported by the doped single mode fiber. The laser includes a laser cavity formed between a first reflector positioned adjacent the large core doped gain fiber and a second reflector positioned adjacent the doped single mode fiber.

  20. AFIRE: fiber Raman laser for laser guide star adaptive optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonaccini Calia, D.; Hackenberg, W.; Chernikov, S.; Feng, Y.; Taylor, L.

    2006-06-01

    Future adaptive optics systems will benefit from multiple sodium laser guide stars in achieving satisfactory sky coverage in combination with uniform and high-Strehl correction over a large field of view. For this purpose ESO is developing with industry AFIRE, a turn-key, rack-mounted 589-nm laser source based on a fiber Raman laser. The fiber laser will deliver the beam directly at the projector telescope. The required output power is in the order of 10 W in air per sodium laser guide star, in a diffraction-limited beam and with a bandwidth of < 2 GHz. This paper presents the design and first demonstration results obtained with the AFIRE breadboard. 4.2W CW at 589nm have so far been achieved with a ~20% SHG conversion efficiency.

  1. Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Suchun; Xu, Ou; Lu, Shaohua; Chen, Ming; Jian, Shuisheng

    2009-08-01

    Switchable single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser at room temperature is demonstrated. One fiber Bragg grating (FBG) directly written in a polarization-maintaining and photosensitive erbiumdoped fiber (PMPEDF) as the wavelength-selective component is used in a linear laser cavity. Due to the polarization hole burning (PHB) enhanced by the polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating (PMFBG), the laser can be designed to operate in stable dual-wavelength or wavelength-switching modes with a wavelength spacing of 0.202 nm by adjusting a polarization controller (PC). The stable SLM operation is guaranteed by a saturable absorber (SA). The optical signal-tonoise ratio (OSNR) of the laser is over 40 dB. The amplitude variation in nearly one and half an hour is less than 0.5 dB for both wavelengths.

  2. Silicon photonics-based laser system for high performance fiber sensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayotte, S.; Faucher, D.; Babin, A.; Costin, F.; Latrasse, C.; Poulin, M.; G.-Deschênes, É.; Pelletier, F.; Laliberté, M.

    2015-09-01

    We present a compact four-laser source based on low-noise, high-bandwidth Pound-Drever-Hall method and optical phase-locked loops for sensing narrow spectral features. Four semiconductor external cavity lasers in butterfly packages are mounted on a shared electronics control board and all other optical functions are integrated on a single silicon photonics chip. This high performance source is compact, automated, robust, operates over a wide temperature range and remains locked for days. A laser to resonance frequency noise of 0.25 Hz/rt-Hz is demonstrated.

  3. Ribbon Fiber Laser-Theory and Experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Beach, R J; Feit, M D; Brasure, L D; Payne, S A

    2002-05-10

    A scalable fiber laser approach is described based on phase-locking multiple gain cores in an antiguided structure. The waveguide is comprised of periodic sequences of gain- and no-gain-loaded segments having uniform index, within the cladding region. Initial experimental results are presented.

  4. Optical turbulence in fiber lasers.

    PubMed

    Wabnitz, Stefan

    2014-03-15

    We analyze the nonlinear stage of modulation instability in passively mode-locked fiber lasers leading to chaotic or noise-like emission. We present the phase-transition diagram among different regimes of chaotic emission in terms of the key cavity parameters: amplitude or phase turbulence, and spatio-temporal intermittency. PMID:24690788

  5. Innovations in high power fiber laser applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beyer, Eckhard; Mahrle, Achim; Lütke, Matthias; Standfuss, Jens; Brückner, Frank

    2012-02-01

    Diffraction-limited high power lasers represent a new generation of lasers for materials processing, characteristic traits of which are: smaller, cost-effective and processing "on the fly". Of utmost importance is the high beam quality of fiber lasers which enables us to reduce the size of the focusing head incl. scanning mirrors. The excellent beam quality of the fiber laser offers a lot of new applications. In the field of remote cutting and welding the beam quality is the key parameter. By reducing the size of the focusing head including the scanning mirrors we can reach scanning frequencies up to 1.5 kHz and in special configurations up to 4 kHz. By using these frequencies very thin and deep welding seams can be generated experienced so far with electron beam welding only. The excellent beam quality of the fiber laser offers a high potential for developing new applications from deep penetration welding to high speed cutting. Highly dynamic cutting systems with maximum speeds up to 300 m/min and accelerations up to 4 g reduce the cutting time for cutting complex 2D parts. However, due to the inertia of such systems the effective cutting speed is reduced in real applications. This is especially true if complex shapes or contours are cut. With the introduction of scanner-based remote cutting systems in the kilowatt range, the effective cutting speed on the contour can be dramatically increased. The presentation explains remote cutting of metal foils and sheets using high brightness single mode fiber lasers. The presentation will also show the effect of optical feedback during cutting and welding with the fiber laser, how those feedbacks could be reduced and how they have to be used to optimize the cutting or welding process.

  6. Modern fiber laser beam welding of the newly-designed precipitation-strengthened nickel-base superalloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naffakh Moosavy, Homam; Aboutalebi, Mohammad-Reza; Seyedein, Seyed Hossein; Goodarzi, Massoud; Khodabakhshi, Meisam; Mapelli, Carlo; Barella, Silvia

    2014-04-01

    In the present research, the modern fiber laser beam welding of newly-designed precipitation-strengthened nickel-base superalloys using various welding parameters in constant heat input has been investigated. Five nickel-base superalloys with various Ti and Nb contents were designed and produced by Vacuum Induction Melting furnace. The fiber laser beam welding operations were performed in constant heat input (100 J mm-2) and different welding powers (400 and 1000 W) and velocities (40 and 100 mm s-1) using 6-axis anthropomorphic robot. The macro- and micro-structural features, weld defects, chemical composition and mechanical property of 3.2 mm weldments were assessed utilizing optical and scanning electron microscopes equipped with EDS analysis and microhardness tester. The results showed that welding with higher powers can create higher penetration-to-width ratios. The porosity formation was increased when the welding powers and velocities were increased. None of the welds displayed hot solidification and liquation cracks in 400 and 1000 W welding powers, but liquation phenomenon was observed in all the heat-affected zones. With increasing the Nb content of the superalloys the liquation length was increased. The changing of the welding power and velocity did not alter the hardness property of the welds. The hardness of welds decreased when the Ti content declined in the composition of superalloys. Finally, the 400 and 1000 W fiber laser powers with velocity of 40 and 100 m ms-1 have been offered for hot crack-free welding of the thin sheet of newly-designed precipitation-strengthened nickel-base superalloys.

  7. All-fiber single-mode PM thulium fiber lasers using femtosecond laser written fiber Bragg gratings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willis, Christina C. C.; Bradford, Joshua D.; Sims, R. Andrew; Shah, Lawrence; Richardson, Martin; Thomas, Jens; Becker, Ria G.; Voigtländer, Christian; Tünnermann, Andreas; Nolte, Stefan

    2011-02-01

    A polarization-maintaining (PM), narrow-linewidth, continuous wave, thulium fiber laser is demonstrated. The laser cavity is formed from two femtosecond-laser-written fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) and operates at 2054 nm. The laser output possesses both narrow spectral width (78 pm) and a high polarization extinction ratio of ~18 dB at 5.24 W of output power. This laser is a unique demonstration of a PM thulium fiber system based on a two FBG cavity that produces high PER without any free-space elements. Such a narrow linewidth source will be useful for applications such as spectral beam combining which often employ polarization dependent combining elements.

  8. C-band single-longitudinal mode lanthanum co-doped bismuth based erbium doped fiber ring laser.

    PubMed

    Qureshi, Khurram Karim; Feng, X H; Zhao, L M; Tam, H Y; Lu, C; Wai, P K A

    2009-08-31

    We propose and demonstrate a stable, tunable and narrow linewidth C-band lanthanum co-doped bismuth based erbium doped fiber (EDF) ring laser with single longitudinal mode (SLM) operation. A free space thin film filter acts as a wavelength discriminative component selecting a few oscillating modes while a Lyot filter formed by a polarization maintaining (PM) fiber and a linear polarizer further discriminates and selects SLM efficiently. A power stability of < or = 0.05 dB, central wavelength variation of < or = 0.02 nm, a side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of at least > 43 dB, and a linewidth of about 1.3 kHz have been experimentally demonstrated. PMID:19724634

  9. High-resolution spectrally-resolved fiber optic sensor interrogation system based on a standard DWDM laser module.

    PubMed

    Njegovec, Matej; Donlagic, Denis

    2010-11-01

    This paper presents a spectrally-resolved integration system suitable for the reading of Bragg grating, all-fiber Fabry-Perot, and similar spectrally-resolved fiber-optic sensors. This system is based on a standard telecommunication dense wavelength division multiplexing transmission module that contains a distributed feedback laser diode and a wavelength locker. Besides the transmission module, only a few additional opto-electronic components were needed to build an experimental interrogation system that demonstrated over a 2 nm wide wavelength interrogation range, and a 1 pm wavelength resolution. When the system was combined with a typical Bragg grating sensor, a strain resolution of 1 με and temperature resolution of 0.1 °C were demonstrated experimentally. The proposed interrogation system relies entirely on Telecordia standard compliant photonic components and can thus be straightforwardly qualified for use within the range of demanding applications. PMID:21164765

  10. Separation of coexisting dynamical regimes in multistate intermittency based on wavelet spectrum energies in an erbium-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Hramov, Alexander E; Koronovskii, Alexey A; Moskalenko, Olga I; Zhuravlev, Maksim O; Jaimes-Reategui, Rider; Pisarchik, Alexander N

    2016-05-01

    We propose a method for the detection and localization of different types of coexisting oscillatory regimes that alternate with each other leading to multistate intermittency. Our approach is based on consideration of wavelet spectrum energies. The proposed technique is tested in an erbium-doped fiber laser with four coexisting periodic orbits, where external noise induces intermittent switches between the coexisting states. Statistical characteristics of multistate intermittency, such as the mean duration of the phases for every oscillation type, are examined with the help of the developed method. We demonstrate strong advantages of the proposed technique over previously used amplitude methods. PMID:27300891

  11. Separation of coexisting dynamical regimes in multistate intermittency based on wavelet spectrum energies in an erbium-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hramov, Alexander E.; Koronovskii, Alexey A.; Moskalenko, Olga I.; Zhuravlev, Maksim O.; Jaimes-Reategui, Rider; Pisarchik, Alexander N.

    2016-05-01

    We propose a method for the detection and localization of different types of coexisting oscillatory regimes that alternate with each other leading to multistate intermittency. Our approach is based on consideration of wavelet spectrum energies. The proposed technique is tested in an erbium-doped fiber laser with four coexisting periodic orbits, where external noise induces intermittent switches between the coexisting states. Statistical characteristics of multistate intermittency, such as the mean duration of the phases for every oscillation type, are examined with the help of the developed method. We demonstrate strong advantages of the proposed technique over previously used amplitude methods.

  12. Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror assisted by un-pumped EDF.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xuesong; Zhan, Li; Luo, Shouyu; Gu, Zhaochang; Liu, Jinmei; Wang, Yuxing; Shen, Qishun

    2012-03-26

    A multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser based on a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror (NALM) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The NALM provides intensity-dependent transmissivity to equalize different-wavelength powers and the transmission can be uniquely optimized by controlling the cavity loss associated with a section of un-pumped EDF, which also enhances the output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Through adjusting the polarization controllers (PCs), under only 70 mW pump power, up to 62-wavelength output with channel spacing of 0.45 nm has been achieved. Also, the lasing tunability and stability are verified. PMID:22453390

  13. Investigation of microwave photonic filter based on multiple longitudinal modes fiber laser source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Yuan; Li, Feng; Feng, Xinhuan; Lu, Chao; Guan, Bai-ou; Wai, P. K. A.

    2015-06-01

    We theoretically study the transfer function of a finite impulse response microwave photonic filter (FIR-MPF) system using a multi-wavelength fiber laser source by considering multiple longitudinal modes in each wavelength. The full response function with the response from longitudinal mode taps is obtained. We also discussed the influence of the longitudinal mode envelope and mode spacing on the performance of FIR-MPF. The response function of the longitudinal mode taps is fully discussed and the contribution is compared with the response of the carrier suppression factor for double sideband (DSB) modulation. The multiple longitudinal modes structure in the wavelength taps can be utilized to engineer the response of the FIR-MPF such that desirable features such as high side lode suppression ratio can be realized. The analysis provides a guideline for designing incoherent FIR-MPF systems.

  14. Beam combinable, kilowatt, all-fiber amplifier based on phase-modulated laser gain competition.

    PubMed

    Naderi, Nader A; Flores, Angel; Anderson, Brian M; Dajani, Iyad

    2016-09-01

    We report power scaling results of a highly efficient narrow-linewidth monolithic Yb-doped fiber amplifier seeded with two signals, operating at 1038 and 1064 nm. With the appropriate seed power ratio applied, this technique was shown to suppress stimulated Brillouin scattering in conjunction with phase modulation, while generating the output power in predominantly the longer wavelength signal. Notably, the integration of laser gain competition with pseudo-random bit sequence phase modulation, set at a clock rate of 2.5 GHz and utilizing an optimized pattern to match the shortened effective nonlinear length, yielded 1 kW of output power. The beam quality was measured to be near the diffraction limit with no sign of transverse mode instability. Furthermore, the coherent beam combination performance of the amplifier provided a 90% combining efficiency with no indication of spectral broadening when compared to the single-tone case. Overall, the power scaling results represent a significant reduction in spectral linewidth compared to that of commercially available narrow-linewidth Yb-doped fiber amplifiers. PMID:27607948

  15. A fiber-optic water flow sensor based on laser-heated silicon Fabry-Pérot cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Guigen; Sheng, Qiwen; Resende Lisboa Piassetta, Geraldo; Hou, Weilin; Han, Ming

    2016-05-01

    A hot-wire fiber-optic water flow sensor based on laser-heated silicon Fabry-Pérot interferometer (FPI) has been proposed and demonstrated in this paper. The operation of the sensor is based on the convective heat loss to water from a heated silicon FPI attached to the cleaved enface of a piece of single-mode fiber. The flow-induced change in the temperature is demodulated by the spectral shifts of the reflection fringes. An analytical model based on the FPI theory and heat transfer analysis has been developed for performance analysis. Numerical simulations based on finite element analysis have been conducted. The analytical and numerical results agree with each other in predicting the behavior of the sensor. Experiments have also been carried to demonstrate the sensing principle and verify the theoretical analysis. Investigations suggest that the sensitivity at low flow rates are much larger than that at high flow rates and the sensitivity can be easily improved by increasing the heating laser power. Experimental results show that an average sensitivity of 52.4 nm/(m/s) for the flow speed range of 1.5 mm/s to 12 mm/s was obtained with a heating power of ~12 mW, suggesting a resolution of ~1 μm/s assuming a wavelength resolution of 0.05 pm.

  16. 948 kHz repetition rate, picosecond pulse duration, all-PM 1.03 μm mode-locked fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boivinet, S.; Lecourt, J.-B.; Hernandez, Y.; Fotiadi, A.; Mégret, P.

    2014-05-01

    We present in this study a PM all-fiber laser oscillator passively mode-locked (ML) at 1.03 μm. The laser is based on Nonlinear Polarization Evolution (NPE) in polarization maintaining (PM) fibers. In order to obtain the mode-locking regime, a nonlinear reflective mirror including a fibered polarizer, a long fiber span and a fibered Faraday mirror (FM) is inserted in a Fabry-Perot laser cavity. In this work we explain the principles of operation of this original laser design that permits to generate ultrashort pulses at low repetition (lower that 1MHz) rate with a cavity length of 100 m of fiber. In this experiment, the measured pulse duration is about 6 ps. To our knowledge this is the first all-PM mode-locked laser based on the NPE with a cavity of 100m length fiber and a delivered pulse duration of few picosecondes. Furthermore, the different mode-locked regimes of the laser, i.e. multi-pulse, noise-like mode-locked and single pulse, are presented together with the ways of controlling the apparition of these regimes. When the single pulse mode-locking regime is achieved, the laser delivers linearly polarized pulses in a very stable way. Finally, this study includes numerical results which are obtained with the resolution of the NonLinear Schrodinger Equations (NLSE) with the Split-Step Fourier (SSF) algorithm. This modeling has led to the understanding of the different modes of operation of the laser. In particular, the influence of the peak power on the reflection of the nonlinear mirror and its operation are studied.

  17. Direct analysis of intact biological macromolecules by low-energy, fiber-based femtosecond laser vaporization at 1042 nm wavelength with nanospray postionization mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Shi, Fengjian; Flanigan, Paul M; Archer, Jieutonne J; Levis, Robert J

    2015-03-17

    A fiber-based laser with a pulse duration of 435 fs and a wavelength of 1042 nm was used to vaporize biological macromolecules intact from the condensed phase into the gas phase for nanospray postionization and mass analysis. Laser vaporization of dried standard protein samples from a glass substrate by 10 Hz bursts of 20 pulses having 10 μs pulse separation and <50 μJ pulse energy resulted in signal comparable to a metal substrate. The protein signal observed from an aqueous droplet on a glass substrate was negligible compared to either a droplet on metal or a thin film on glass. The mass spectra generated from dried and aqueous protein samples by the low-energy, fiber laser were similar to the results from high-energy (500 μJ), 45-fs, 800-nm Ti:sapphire-based femtosecond laser electrospray mass spectrometry (LEMS) experiments, suggesting that the fiber-based femtosecond laser desorption mechanism involves a nonresonant, multiphoton process, rather than thermal- or photoacoustic-induced desorption. Direct analysis of whole blood performed without any pretreatment resulted in features corresponding to hemoglobin subunit-heme complex ions. The observation of intact molecular ions with low charge states from protein, and the tentatively assigned hemoglobin α subunit-heme complex from blood suggests that fiber-based femtosecond laser vaporization is a "soft" desorption source at a laser intensity of 2.39 × 10(12) W/cm(2). The low-energy, turnkey fiber laser demonstrates the potential of a more robust and affordable laser for femtosecond laser vaporization to deliver biological macromolecules into the gas phase for mass analysis. PMID:25688836

  18. Diode-Pumped Dye Laser Using a Tapered Optical Fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patterson, Brian; Stofel, James; Myers, Elliot; Knize, Randy

    2015-05-01

    We describe the construction of a simple dye laser based on a single-mode optical fiber. Light from a 120-mW laser diode (λ = 520 nm) is launched into the fiber. The fiber is tapered to a diameter of approximately 1 μm and placed in Rhodamine 6G laser dye. The pump light interacts with the gain medium through the evanescent field outside the fiber causing stimulated emission, which couples back into the fiber. Mirrors on each end of the fiber provide the necessary feedback for lasing, and a grating is used to narrow the spectral output. We characterize the lasing threshold and output spectrum of the laser. This has been a good project for undergraduate students to learn about lasers and optics.

  19. 469nm Fiber Laser Source

    SciTech Connect

    Drobshoff, A; Dawson, J W; Pennington, D M; Payne, S A; Beach, R

    2005-01-20

    We have demonstrated 466mW of 469nm light from a frequency doubled continuous wave fiber laser. The system consisted of a 938nm single frequency laser diode master oscillator, which was amplified in two stages to 5 Watts using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers and then frequency doubled in a single pass through periodically poled KTP. The 3cm long PPKTP crystal was made by Raicol Crystals Ltd. with a period of 5.9 {micro}m and had a phase match temperature of 47 degrees Centigrade. The beam was focused to a 1/e{sup 2} diameter in the crystal of 29 {micro}m. Overall conversion efficiency was 11% and the results agreed well with standard models. Our 938nm fiber amplifier design minimizes amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing an optimized core to cladding size ratio. This design allows the 3-level transition to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the 1088nm 4-level transition. We have also carefully chosen the fiber coil diameter to help suppress propagation of wavelengths longer than 938 nm. At 2 Watts, the 938nm laser had an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >10:1).

  20. A LASER INTERFERENCE-BASED SURFACE TREATMENT OF AL AND CARBON FIBER POLYMER COMPOSITES FOR ENHANCED BONDING

    SciTech Connect

    Sabau, Adrian S; Warren, Charles David; ERDMAN III, DONALD L; Daniel, Claus; Skszek, Timothy; Caruso-Dailey, Mary M.

    2016-01-01

    Due to its increased use in the automotive and aerospace industries, joining of Carbon Fiber-reinforced Polymer matrix Composites (CFPC) to metals demands enhanced surface preparation and control of surface morphology prior to joining. In this study, surfaces of both composite and aluminum were prepared for joining using a new laser based technique, in which the laser interference power profile was created by splitting the beam and guiding those beams to the sample surface by overlapping each other with defined angles to each other. Results were presented for the overlap shear testing of single-lap joints made with Al 5182 and CFPC specimens whose surfaces prepared by (a) surface abrasion and solvent cleaning; and (b) laser-interference structured surfaces by rastering with a 4 mm laser beam at approximately 3.5 W power. CFPC specimens of T700S carbon fiber, Prepreg T70 epoxy, 4 or 5 ply thick, 0/90o plaques were used. Adhesive DP810 was used to bond Al and CFPC. The bondline was 0.25mm and the bond length was consistent among all joints produced. First, the effect of the laser speed on the joint performance was evaluated by laser-interference structure Al and CFPC surfaces with a beam angle of 3o and laser beam speeds of 3, 5, and 10 mm/s. For this sensitivity study, 3 joint specimens were used per each joint type. Based on the results for minimum, maximum, and mean values for the shear lap strength and maximum load for all the 9 joint types, two joint types were selected for further evaluations. Six additional joint specimens were prepared for these two joint types in order to obtain better statistics and the shear test data was presented for the range, mean, and standard deviation. The results for the single-lap shear tests obtained for six joint specimens, indicate that the shear lap strength, maximum load, and displacement at maximum load for those joints made with laser-interference structured surfaces were increased by approximately 14.8%, 16%, and 100

  1. Multi-kW high-brightness fiber coupled diode laser based on two dimensional stacked tailored diode bars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bayer, Andreas; Unger, Andreas; Köhler, Bernd; Küster, Matthias; Dürsch, Sascha; Kissel, Heiko; Irwin, David A.; Bodem, Christian; Plappert, Nora; Kersten, Maik; Biesenbach, Jens

    2016-03-01

    The demand for high brightness fiber coupled diode laser devices in the multi kW power region is mainly driven by industrial applications for materials processing, like brazing, cladding and metal welding, which require a beam quality better than 30 mm x mrad and power levels above 3kW. Reliability, modularity, and cost effectiveness are key factors for success in the market. We have developed a scalable and modular diode laser architecture that fulfills these requirements through use of a simple beam shaping concept based on two dimensional stacking of tailored diode bars mounted on specially designed, tap water cooled heat sinks. The base element of the concept is a tailored diode laser bar with an epitaxial and lateral structure designed such that the desired beam quality in slow-axis direction can be realized without using sophisticated beam shaping optics. The optical design concept is based on fast-axis collimator (FAC) and slow-axis collimator (SAC) lenses followed by only one additional focusing optic for efficient coupling into a 400 μm fiber with a numerical aperture (NA) of 0.12. To fulfill the requirements of scalability and modularity, four tailored bars are populated on a reduced size, tap water cooled heat sink. The diodes on these building blocks are collimated simply via FAC and SAC. The building blocks can be stacked vertically resulting in a two-dimensional diode stack, which enables a compact design of the laser source with minimum beam path length. For a single wavelength, up to eight of these building blocks, implying a total of 32 tailored bars, can be stacked into a submodule, polarization multiplexed, and coupled into a 400 μm, 0.12NA fiber. Scalability into the multi kW region is realized by wavelength combining of replaceable submodules in the spectral range from 900 - 1100 nm. We present results of a laser source based on this architecture with an output power of more than 4 kW and a beam quality of 25 mm x mrad.

  2. Latest developments of ultrafast fiber laser and its material applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cho, G. C.; Liu, B.; Shah, L.; Liu, Z.; Che, Y.; Xu, J.

    2009-02-01

    We address recent fiber-based femtosecond laser technology. Specifically, fiber-chirped pulse amplifier is discussed for the enabling the concept of real-world applications. We review recent selected material applications demonstrating advantages of ultrafast dynamics of highly repetitive pulse train in nanoparticle generation in pulsed-laser deposition and reliable Si wafer singulation.

  3. 100 W/100 μm passively cooled fiber coupled diode laser at 976 nm based on multiple 100 μm single emitters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Werner, Marcel; Wessling, Christian; Hengesbach, Stefan; Traub, Martin; Hoffmann, Hans-Dieter

    2009-02-01

    We developed a high brightness fiber coupled diode laser module based on single diode lasers providing more than 60 Watts output power from a 100 micron fiber at the optimum fiber laser pump wavelength of 976 nm. The advantage of using multiple single emitters on a submount compared to using bars or mini bars is the direct fiber coupling by use of optical stacking and the fact that no beam transformation is needed. We achieved best brightness with a high fill factor, optical efficiency of more then 80% and wall-plug efficiency of more then 40%. The use of single emitters on a submount also extends the life span due to reduced failure (xn vs. x) per device (n individual emitters vs. n emitters on a bar (mini array)). Low drive current enables modulation.

  4. Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber and feedback fiber loop

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Suchun; Xu, Ou; Lu, Shaohua; Ning, Tigang; Jian, Shuisheng

    2009-06-01

    Switchable single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating (PMFBG) is demonstrated. Due to the enhancement of the polarization hole burning (PHB) by the PMFBG, the laser can be designed to operate in stable dual-wavelength or wavelength-switching modes with a wavelength spacing of 0.336 nm at room temperature by adjusting a polarization controller (PC). The stable SLM operation is guaranteed by a compound-ring cavity and a saturable absorber (SA). The optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) is over 45 dB. The amplitude variation in nearly one and half an hour is less than 0.2 dB.

  5. Single-passband microwave photonic filter based on a self-seeded multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Ronghui; Zhang, Xuping; Hu, Junhui; Xia, Lan

    2015-03-01

    In this paper, a single-passband microwave photonic filter based on a self-seeded multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser is demonstrated experimentally. In the filter, the multiwavelength Brillouin comb generated from the laser is used as the filter taps. The Brillouin comb is with the feature of quasi-Gaussian continuous distribution, which can ensure the filter realizes single-passband characteristic. The baseband response is suppressed effectively with the help of phase modulation. The single-passband filter has an out-of-band rejection of 25 dB. By adjusting the Brillouin multiwavelengh, the 3-dB bandwidth and the center frequency of the filter can be changed.

  6. Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Hu, Zhijia; Miao, Bo; Wang, Tongxin; Fu, Qiang; Zhang, Douguo; Ming, Hai; Zhang, Qijin

    2013-11-15

    We have demonstrated the realization of a random polymer fiber laser (RPFL) based on laser dye Pyrromethene 597-doped one-dimensional disordered polymer optical fiber (POF). The stabilized coherent laser action for the disordered POF has been obtained by the weak optical multiple scattering of the polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes nanoparticles in the core of the POF in situ formed during polymerization, which was enhanced by the waveguide confinement effect. Meanwhile, the threshold of our RPFL system is almost one order of magnitude lower than that of the liquid core random fiber laser reported previously, which promotes the development of random lasers. PMID:24322095

  7. Numerical simulation of passively mode-locked fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Jingwen; Jia, Dongfang; Zhang, Zhongyuan; Chen, Jiong; Liu, Tonghui; Wang, Zhaoying; Yang, Tianxin

    2013-03-01

    Passively mode-locked fiber laser (MLFL) has been widely used in many applications, such as optical communication system, industrial production, information processing, laser weapons and medical equipment. And many efforts have been done for obtaining lasers with small size, simple structure and shorter pulses. In recent years, nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) in semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) has been studied and applied as a mode-locking mechanism. This kind of passively MLFL has faster operating speed and makes it easier to realize all-optical integration. In this paper, we had a thorough analysis of NPR effect in SOA. And we explained the principle of mode-locking by SOA and set up a numerical model for this mode-locking process. Besides we conducted a Matlab simulation of the mode-locking mechanism. We also analyzed results under different working conditions and several features of this mode-locking process are presented. Our simulation shows that: Firstly, initial pulse with the peak power exceeding certain threshold may be amplified and compressed, and stable mode-locking may be established. After about 25 round-trips, stable mode-locked pulse can be obtained which has peak power of 850mW and pulse-width of 780fs.Secondly, when the initial pulse-width is greater, narrowing process of pulse is sharper and it needs more round-trips to be stable. Lastly, the bias currents of SOA affect obviously the shape of mode-locked pulse and the mode-locked pulse with high peak power and narrow width can be obtained through adjusting reasonably the bias currents of SOA.

  8. Novel fiber optic tip designs and devices for laser surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hutchens, Thomas Clifton

    Fiber optic delivery of laser energy has been used for years in various types of surgical procedures in the human body. Optical energy provides several benefits over electrical or mechanical surgery, including the ability to selectively target specific tissue types while preserving others. Specialty fiber optic tips have also been introduced to further customize delivery of laser energy to the tissue. Recent evolution in lasers and miniaturization has opened up opportunities for many novel surgical techniques. Currently, ophthalmic surgeons use relatively invasive mechanical tools to dissect retinal deposits which occur in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. By using the tight focusing properties of microspheres combined with the short optical penetration depth of the Erbium:YAG laser and mid-IR fiber delivery, a precise laser scalpel can be constructed as an alternative, less invasive and more precise approach to this surgery. Chains of microspheres may allow for a self limiting ablation depth of approximately 10 microm based on the defocusing of paraxial rays. The microsphere laser scalpel may also be integrated with other surgical instruments to reduce the total number of handpieces for the surgeon. In current clinical laser lithotripsy procedures, poor input coupling of the Holmium:YAG laser energy frequently damages and requires discarding of the optical fiber. However, recent stone ablation studies with the Thulium fiber laser have provided comparable results to the Ho:YAG laser. The improved spatial beam profile of the Thulium fiber laser can also be efficiently coupled into a fiber approximately one third the diameter and reduces the risk of damaging the fiber input. For this reason, the trunk optical fiber minus the distal fiber tip can be preserved between procedures. The distal fiber tip, which degrades during stone ablation, could be made detachable and disposable. A novel, low-profile, twist-locking, detachable distal fiber tip interface was designed

  9. Controllable Dual-Wavelength Fiber Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Zhen; Zhou, Jun; He, Bing; Liu, Hou-Kang; Liu, Chi; Wei, Yun-Rong; Dong, Jing-Xing; Lou, Qi-Hong

    2012-07-01

    We demonstrate a controllable dual-wavelength fiber laser which contains a master laser and a slave laser. The master laser is a kind of ring cavity laser which can be injected into by the slave laser. The output laser wavelength is controlled by injected power of the slave laser; both single- and dual-wavelength operation can be achieved. Under free running, the master laser generates 1064 nm laser output. Here the slave laser is a 1072 nm fiber laser. The 1064 nm and 1072 nm laser coexist in output spectrum for relatively low injected power. Dual-wavelength and power-ratio-tunable operation can be achieved. If the injected power of the slave laser is high enough, the 1064 nm laser is extinguished automatically and there is only 1072 nm laser output.

  10. Dynamic pulsing of a MOPA fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Romero, Rosa; Guerreiro, Paulo T.; Hendow, Sami T.; Salcedo, José R.

    2011-05-01

    Dynamic Pulsing is demonstrated using a pulsed MOPA fiber laser at 1064nm. The output of the MOPA laser is a pulsed profile consisting of a burst of closely spaced pulses. Tests were performed under several materials with pulse bursts ranging from 10ns to 1μs and operating from 500kHz down to single shot. In particular, percussion drilling in stainless steel is demonstrated showing improvements in quality and speed of the process. These profiles allow high flexibility and optimization of the process addressing the specificity of the end application. Dynamic Pulsing allows the same MOPA fiber laser to be used in diverse materials as well as different processes such us marking, drilling, scribing and engraving. The pulsed fiber laser used in this study is a MOPA-DY by Multiwave Photonics. It is based on a modulated seed laser followed by a series of fiber amplifiers and ending with an optically isolated collimator. This pulsed laser model has an output in such a way that each trigger produces a fast burst of pulses, with a repetition frequency within the burst of the order of tens of MHz. Within the burst it is possible to change the number of pulses, the individual pulse profile, burst pulse period and even to generate non-periodic burst pulse separations. The laser allows full freedom for all these combinations. The study here reported compares the impact of pulse peak power, number of pulses within a burst and the pulse burst period, on process quality (heat affected zone, debris, hole uniformity) and drilling yield.

  11. Mode-locked, 1.94-μm, all-fiberized laser using WS₂ based evanescent field interaction.

    PubMed

    Jung, Minwan; Lee, Junsu; Park, June; Koo, Joonhoi; Jhon, Young Min; Lee, Ju Han

    2015-07-27

    We demonstrate the use of an all-fiberized, mode-locked 1.94 μm laser with a saturable absorption device based on a tungsten disulfide (WS2)-deposited side-polished fiber. The WS2 particles were prepared via liquid phase exfoliation (LPE) without centrifugation. A series of measurements including Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed that the prepared particles had thick nanostructures of more than 5 layers. The prepared saturable absorption device used the evanescent field interaction mechanism between the oscillating beam and WS2 particles and its modulation depth was measured to be ~10.9% at a wavelength of 1925 nm. Incorporating the WS2-based saturable absorption device into a thulium-holmium co-doped fiber ring cavity, stable mode-locked pulses with a temporal width of ~1.3 ps at a repetition rate of 34.8 MHz were readily obtained at a wavelength of 1941 nm. The results of this experiment confirm that WS2 can be used as an effective broadband saturable absorption material that is suitable to passively generate pulses at 2 μm wavelengths. PMID:26367658

  12. Note: Broadly tunable all-fiber ytterbium laser with 0.05 nm spectral width based on multimode interference filter

    SciTech Connect

    Mukhopadhyay, Pranab K. Gupta, Pradeep K.; Singh, Amarjeet; Sharma, Sunil K.; Bindra, Kushvinder S.; Oak, Shrikant M.

    2014-05-15

    A multimode interference filter with narrow transmission bandwidth and large self-imaging wavelength interval is constructed and implemented in an ytterbium doped fiber laser in all-fiber format for broad wavelength tunability as well as narrow spectral width of the output beam. The peak transmission wavelength of the multimode interference filter was tuned with the help of a standard in-fiber polarization controller. With this simple mechanism more than 30 nm (1038 nm–1070 nm) tuning range is demonstrated. The spectral width of the output beam from the laser was measured to be 0.05 nm.

  13. Ultrafast, high repetition rate, ultraviolet, fiber-laser-based source: application towards Yb+ fast quantum-logic.

    PubMed

    Hussain, Mahmood Irtiza; Petrasiunas, Matthew Joseph; Bentley, Christopher D B; Taylor, Richard L; Carvalho, André R R; Hope, Joseph J; Streed, Erik W; Lobino, Mirko; Kielpinski, David

    2016-07-25

    Trapped ions are one of the most promising approaches for the realization of a universal quantum computer. Faster quantum logic gates could dramatically improve the performance of trapped-ion quantum computers, and require the development of suitable high repetition rate pulsed lasers. Here we report on a robust frequency upconverted fiber laser based source, able to deliver 2.5 ps ultraviolet (UV) pulses at a stabilized repetition rate of 300.00000 MHz with an average power of 190 mW. The laser wavelength is resonant with the strong transition in Ytterbium (Yb+) at 369.53 nm and its repetition rate can be scaled up using high harmonic mode locking. We show that our source can produce arbitrary pulse patterns using a programmable pulse pattern generator and fast modulating components. Finally, simulations demonstrate that our laser is capable of performing resonant, temperature-insensitive, two-qubit quantum logic gates on trapped Yb+ ions faster than the trap period and with fidelity above 99%. PMID:27464118

  14. Wavelength-tunable 10 GHz actively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Yan; Tong, Xinglin; Wang, Zhiqiang; Zhan, Li; Hu, Pan; Chen, Liang

    2015-12-01

    We demonstrate a widely wavelength-tunable actively mode-locked fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier. Beneficiating from the actively mode-locking operation and the wavelength-tunable characteristics of a Fabry-Perot filter, different harmonic mode-locking orders, from the fundamental mode-locking order (18.9 MHz) to the 520th order (9.832 GHz), can be easily achieved. The spectral bandwidth corresponding to the fundamental repetition rate is 0.12 nm with the pulse duration of 9.8 ns, leading to the TBP value of 146, which is about 460 times the transform-limited value for soliton pulse. The highest repetition rate of the mode-locked pulses we obtained is 9.832 GHz, with a signal-to-noise ratio up to 50 dB. The theoretical transform-limited pulse duration is 21 ps. Meanwhile, the central wavelength can be continuously tuned over 43.4 nm range (1522.8-1566.2 nm). The higher repetition rate and the widely tuning wavelength range make the fiber laser to own great potential and promising prospects in areas such as optical communication and photonic analog-to-digital conversion (ADC).

  15. Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Suchun; Li, Honglei; Xu, Ou; Lu, Shaohua; Mao, Xiangqiao; Ning, Tigang; Jian, Shuisheng

    2008-11-01

    Dual-wavelength with orthogonal polarizations erbium-doped fiber ring laser at room temperature is proposed. One polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating (PMFBG) in a Sagnac loop interferometer is used as the wavelength-selective filter. Due to the polarization hole burning (PHB) enhanced by the PMFBG, the laser can operate in stable dual-wavelength operation with wavelength spacing of 0.336 nm at room temperature by adjusting a polarization controller (PC). The optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) is over 52 dB. The amplitude variation in nearly one and half an hour is less than 0.6 dB for both wavelengths.

  16. Fiber laser coupled optical spark delivery system

    DOEpatents

    Yalin, Azer; Willson, Bryan; Defoort, Morgan; Joshi, Sachin; Reynolds, Adam

    2008-03-04

    A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

  17. Fiber lasers and their applications [Invited].

    PubMed

    Shi, Wei; Fang, Qiang; Zhu, Xiushan; Norwood, R A; Peyghambarian, N

    2014-10-01

    Fiber lasers have seen progressive developments in terms of spectral coverage and linewidth, output power, pulse energy, and ultrashort pulse width since the first demonstration of a glass fiber laser in 1964. Their applications have extended into a variety of fields accordingly. In this paper, the milestones of glass fiber laser development are briefly reviewed and recent advances of high-power continuous wave, Q-switched, mode-locked, and single-frequency fiber lasers in the 1, 1.5, 2, and 3 μm regions and their applications in such areas as industry, medicine, research, defense, and security are addressed in detail. PMID:25322245

  18. Single-wall carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide-based saturable absorbers for low phase noise mode-locked fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiaohui; Wu, Kan; Sun, Zhipei; Meng, Bo; Wang, Yonggang; Wang, Yishan; Yu, Xuechao; Yu, Xia; Zhang, Ying; Shum, Perry Ping; Wang, Qi Jie

    2016-04-01

    Low phase noise mode-locked fiber laser finds important applications in telecommunication, ultrafast sciences, material science, and biology, etc. In this paper, two types of carbon nano-materials, i.e. single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) and graphene oxide (GO), are investigated as efficient saturable absorbers (SAs) to achieve low phase noise mode-locked fiber lasers. Various properties of these wall-paper SAs, such as saturable intensity, optical absorption and degree of purity, are found to be key factors determining the performance of the ultrafast pulses. Reduced-noise femtosecond fiber lasers based on such carbon-based SAs are experimentally demonstrated, for which the phase noise has been reduced by more than 10 dB for SWNT SAs and 8 dB for GO SAs at 10 kHz. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first investigation on the relationship between different carbon material based SAs and the phase noise of mode-locked lasers. This work paves the way to generate high-quality low phase noise ultrashort pulses in passively mode-locked fiber lasers.

  19. Single-wall carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide-based saturable absorbers for low phase noise mode-locked fiber lasers

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xiaohui; Wu, Kan; Sun, Zhipei; Meng, Bo; Wang, Yonggang; Wang, Yishan; Yu, Xuechao; Yu, Xia; Zhang, Ying; Shum, Perry Ping; Wang, Qi Jie

    2016-01-01

    Low phase noise mode-locked fiber laser finds important applications in telecommunication, ultrafast sciences, material science, and biology, etc. In this paper, two types of carbon nano-materials, i.e. single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) and graphene oxide (GO), are investigated as efficient saturable absorbers (SAs) to achieve low phase noise mode-locked fiber lasers. Various properties of these wall-paper SAs, such as saturable intensity, optical absorption and degree of purity, are found to be key factors determining the performance of the ultrafast pulses. Reduced-noise femtosecond fiber lasers based on such carbon-based SAs are experimentally demonstrated, for which the phase noise has been reduced by more than 10 dB for SWNT SAs and 8 dB for GO SAs at 10 kHz. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first investigation on the relationship between different carbon material based SAs and the phase noise of mode-locked lasers. This work paves the way to generate high-quality low phase noise ultrashort pulses in passively mode-locked fiber lasers. PMID:27126900

  20. Single-wall carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide-based saturable absorbers for low phase noise mode-locked fiber lasers.

    PubMed

    Li, Xiaohui; Wu, Kan; Sun, Zhipei; Meng, Bo; Wang, Yonggang; Wang, Yishan; Yu, Xuechao; Yu, Xia; Zhang, Ying; Shum, Perry Ping; Wang, Qi Jie

    2016-01-01

    Low phase noise mode-locked fiber laser finds important applications in telecommunication, ultrafast sciences, material science, and biology, etc. In this paper, two types of carbon nano-materials, i.e. single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) and graphene oxide (GO), are investigated as efficient saturable absorbers (SAs) to achieve low phase noise mode-locked fiber lasers. Various properties of these wall-paper SAs, such as saturable intensity, optical absorption and degree of purity, are found to be key factors determining the performance of the ultrafast pulses. Reduced-noise femtosecond fiber lasers based on such carbon-based SAs are experimentally demonstrated, for which the phase noise has been reduced by more than 10 dB for SWNT SAs and 8 dB for GO SAs at 10 kHz. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first investigation on the relationship between different carbon material based SAs and the phase noise of mode-locked lasers. This work paves the way to generate high-quality low phase noise ultrashort pulses in passively mode-locked fiber lasers. PMID:27126900

  1. Fiber Laser Front Ends for High Energy, Short Pulse Lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Dawson, J; Messerly, M; Phan, H; Siders, C; Beach, R; Barty, C

    2007-06-21

    We are developing a fiber laser system for short pulse (1-10ps), high energy ({approx}1kJ) glass laser systems. Fiber lasers are ideal for these systems as they are highly reliable and enable long term stable operation.

  2. Making custom fiber lasers for use in an atomic physics experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khademian, Ali; Cameron, Garnet; Nault, Kyla; Shiner, David

    2016-05-01

    Fiber lasers can be a reasonable choice for a laser source in atomic physics. Our particular applications involve the optical pumping and in some applications cooling of various transitions in atomic helium. Doped fiber with emission at the required wavelengths is necessary. Readily available fiber and approximate wavelength emission ranges include Yb (990 - 1150 nm), Er/Yb (1530 - 1625 nm) and Th (1900 -2100 nm). High efficiency conversion of pump photons into stable single frequency laser emission at the required wavelength is the function of the fiber laser. A simple fiber laser cavity uses a short (~ few mm) fiber grating high reflector mirror, a doped fiber section for the laser cavity, and a long (~ few cm) fiber grating output coupler. To ensure reliable single frequency operation, the laser cavity length should be within 2-3 times the output grating length. However the cavity length must be long enough for round trip gains to compensate for the output mirror transmission loss. Efficiency can be maximized by avoiding fiber splices in the fiber laser cavity. This requires that the gratings be written into the doped fiber directly. In our previous designs, back coupling of the fiber laser into the pump laser contributes to instability and sometimes caused catastrophic pump failure. Current designs use a fiber based wavelength splitter (WDM) to study and circumvent this problem. Data will be presented on the fiber lasers at 1083 nm. Work on a Thulium 2057 nm fiber laser will also be discussed. This work is supported by NSF Grant # 1404498.

  3. Long-distance fiber Bragg grating sensor system with a high optical signal-to-noise ratio based on a tunable fiber ring laser configuration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rao, Yun-Jiang; Ran, Zeng-Ling; Chen, Rong-Rui

    2006-09-01

    A novel tunable fiber ring laser configuration with a combination of bidirectional Raman amplification and dual erbium-doped fiber (EDF) amplification is proposed for realizing high optical signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), long-distance, quasi-distributed fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing systems with large capacities and low cost. The hybrid Raman-EDF amplification configuration arranged in the ring laser can enhance the optical SNR of FBG sensor signals significantly owing to the good combination of the high gain of the erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) and the low noise of the Raman amplification. Such a sensing system can support a large number of FBG sensors because of the use of a tunable fiber Fabry-Perot filter located within the ring laser and spatial division multiplexing for expansion of sensor channels. Experimental results show that an excellent optical SNR of ˜60 dB has been achieved for a 50 km transmission distance with a low Raman pump power of ˜170 mW at a wavelength of 1455 nm and a low EDFA pump power of ˜40 mW at a wavelength of 980 nm, which is the highest optical SNR achieved so far for a 50 km long FBG sensor system, to our knowledge.

  4. Long-distance fiber Bragg grating sensor system with a high optical signal-to-noise ratio based on a tunable fiber ring laser configuration.

    PubMed

    Rao, Yun-Jiang; Ran, Zeng-Ling; Chen, Rong-Rui

    2006-09-15

    A novel tunable fiber ring laser configuration with a combination of bidirectional Raman amplification and dual erbium-doped fiber (EDF) amplification is proposed for realizing high optical signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), long-distance, quasi-distributed fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing systems with large capacities and low cost. The hybrid Raman-EDF amplification configuration arranged in the ring laser can enhance the optical SNR of FBG sensor signals significantly owing to the good combination of the high gain of the erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) and the low noise of the Raman amplification. Such a sensing system can support a large number of FBG sensors because of the use of a tunable fiber Fabry-Perot filter located within the ring laser and spatial division multiplexing for expansion of sensor channels. Experimental results show that an excellent optical SNR of approximately 60 dB has been achieved for a 50 km transmission distance with a low Raman pump power of approximately 170 mW at a wavelength of 1455 nm and a low EDFA pump power of approximately 40 mW at a wavelength of 980 nm, which is the highest optical SNR achieved so far for a 50 km long FBG sensor system, to our knowledge. PMID:16936857

  5. High Average Power, High Energy Short Pulse Fiber Laser System

    SciTech Connect

    Messerly, M J

    2007-11-13

    Recently continuous wave fiber laser systems with output powers in excess of 500W with good beam quality have been demonstrated [1]. High energy, ultrafast, chirped pulsed fiber laser systems have achieved record output energies of 1mJ [2]. However, these high-energy systems have not been scaled beyond a few watts of average output power. Fiber laser systems are attractive for many applications because they offer the promise of high efficiency, compact, robust systems that are turn key. Applications such as cutting, drilling and materials processing, front end systems for high energy pulsed lasers (such as petawatts) and laser based sources of high spatial coherence, high flux x-rays all require high energy short pulses and two of the three of these applications also require high average power. The challenge in creating a high energy chirped pulse fiber laser system is to find a way to scale the output energy while avoiding nonlinear effects and maintaining good beam quality in the amplifier fiber. To this end, our 3-year LDRD program sought to demonstrate a high energy, high average power fiber laser system. This work included exploring designs of large mode area optical fiber amplifiers for high energy systems as well as understanding the issues associated chirped pulse amplification in optical fiber amplifier systems.

  6. Fiber optic probes for laser light scattering: Ground based evaluation for micgrogravity flight experimentation. Integrated coherent imaging fiber optic systems for laser light scattering and other applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dhadwal, Harbans Singh

    1994-01-01

    The research work presented in this report has established a new class of backscatter fiber optics probes for remote dynamic light scattering capability over a range of scattering angles from 94 degrees to 175 degrees. The fiber optic probes provide remote access to scattering systems, and can be utilized in either a noninvasive or invasive configuration. The fiber optics create an interference free data channel to inaccessible and harsh environments. Results from several studies of concentrated suspension, microemulsions, and protein systems are presented. The second part of the report describes the development of a new technology of wavefront processing within the optical fiber, that is, integrated fiber optics. Results have been very encouraging and the technology promises to have significant impact on the development of fiber optic sensors in a variety of fields ranging from environmental monitoring to optical recording, from biomedical sensing to photolithography.

  7. Q-switched erbium-doped fiber ring laser with piezoelectric transducer-based PS-CFBG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Liangying; Pei, Li; Wang, Jianshuai; Li, Jing; Ning, Tigang; Liu, Shuo

    2016-09-01

    In this letter, a Q-switched erbium-doped fiber ring laser (EDFRL) with piezoelectric transducer (PZT)-based phase shift chirped fiber Bragg grating (PS-CFBG) has been proposed and demonstrated first. As known, the phase shift can be induced and wiped periodically by applying a modulation signal on the PZT. This makes it possible for the PZT-based PS-CFBG to be used in Q-switched EDFRL. To verify the performance of this Q-switched EDFRL system, some theoretical analyses and experiments have been performed. It is found that, when the PZT is modulated by a signal with frequencies of 1 and 2 kHz, pulse widths of the Q-switched pulse train are 19.8 μs and 15.6 μs, respectively. Besides, the corresponding pulse energies are 1.16 μJ (1 kHz) and 1.91 μJ (2 kHz) with a pump power of 90 mW.

  8. Optical fiber lasers and amplifiers

    SciTech Connect

    Snitzer, E.; Po, H.; Tumminelli, R.P.; Hakimi, F.

    1989-03-21

    An optical fiber is described, which comprises: a substantially single-mode core having an index of refraction n/sub 1/ comprised of laser material disposed within a multi-mode cladding having an index of refraction n/sub 2/; and a further cladding having an index of refraction n/sub 3/ surrounding the multi-mode cladding with substantially no space between the further cladding and the multi-mode cladding; wherein the single-mode core is disposed at an offset from the geometric center of the multi-mode cladding.

  9. Reflection-based fiber specklegram sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez-Cobo, L.; Lomer, M.; Ruiz-Lombera, R.; Cobo, A.; Lopez-Higuera, J. M.

    2016-05-01

    In this paper, a Fiber Specklegram Sensor (FSS) based on Plastic Optical Fiber (POF) has been proposed with a reflection-based configuration. A HeNe laser is launched through a coupler, reflected by a mirrored fiber end and detect the specklegram sequence using a commercial camera. Different sensor performance metrics have been analyzed in terms of final sensitivity to external vibration applied to the fiber. The results confirm the performance reduction of the reflection-based scheme in comparison with the transmission-based approach but it can be also employed as sensing system where only a single fiber end is available.

  10. Application of fiber laser for a Higgs factory

    SciTech Connect

    Chou, W.

    2014-06-04

    This paper proposes a medium size(~6km) circular Higgs factory based on a photon collider. The recent breakthrough in fiber laser technology by means of a coherent amplifier network makes such a collider feasible and probably also affordable.

  11. Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength mode-locked Tm3+-doped fiber laser based on a fiber taper.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yazhou; Li, Jianfeng; Zhai, Bo; Hu, Yunxiao; Mo, Kundong; Lu, Rongguo; Liu, Yong

    2016-07-11

    We demonstrate a self-starting dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser at a 2 μm spectral region by using a fiber taper in a Tm3+-doped ring fiber cavity. The fiber taper fabricated with a flame brushing technique was used as a periodic filter with a modulation depth of ~3.61 dB and a modulation period of ~7.3 nm, respectively. Diverse dual-wavelength regimes including continuous wave (CW)/multi-soliton, soliton/multi-soliton, and soliton/soliton regimes were obtained by adjusting pump power. Wavelength tuning for the dual-wavelength was also precisely controllable through stretching the fiber taper carefully. The tuning range was ~7 nm which was limited by the modulation period of the taper. By inserting a 10.0 m dispersion compensation fiber (DCF) into the fiber cavity, a stable dual-wavelength dissipative-soliton operation was obtained at 2 μm spectral region for the first time. PMID:27410806

  12. Fiber optic applications for laser polarized targets

    SciTech Connect

    Cummings, W.J.; Kowalczyk, R.S.

    1997-10-01

    For the past two years, the laser polarized target group at Argonne has been used multi-mode fiber optic patch cords for a variety of applications. In this paper, the authors describe the design for transporting high power laser beams with optical fibers currently in use at IUCF.

  13. Active fiber-based retroreflector providing phase-retracing anti-parallel laser beams for precision spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Beyer, A; Maisenbacher, L; Matveev, A; Pohl, R; Khabarova, K; Chang, Y; Grinin, A; Lamour, T; Shi, T; Yost, D C; Udem, Th; Hänsch, T W; Kolachevsky, N

    2016-07-25

    We present an active fiber-based retroreflector providing high quality phase-retracing anti-parallel Gaussian laser beams for precision spectroscopy of Doppler sensitive transitions. Our design is well-suited for a number of applications where implementing optical cavities is technically challenging and corner cubes fail to match the demanded requirements, most importantly retracing wavefronts and preservation of the laser polarization. To illustrate the performance of the system, we use it for spectroscopy of the 2S-4P transition in atomic hydrogen and demonstrate an average suppression of the first order Doppler shift to 4 parts in 106 of the full collinear shift. This high degree of cancellation combined with our cryogenic source of hydrogen atoms in the metastable 2S state is sufficient to enable determinations of the Rydberg constant and the proton charge radius with competitive uncertainties. Advantages over the usual Doppler cancellation based on corner cube type retroreflectors are discussed as well as an alternative method using a high finesse cavity. PMID:27464193

  14. Simultaneous measurements of vibration, temperature, and humidity using a SOA-based fiber Bragg grating laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Lutang; Fang, Nian; Ding, Fuxin; Huang, Zhaoming

    2010-12-01

    A novel SOA-based, dual-wavelength, FBG laser sensor system for simultaneously measuring vibration, temperature and humidity is demonstrated. The sensor interrogations are completed with a wavelength matching method by adjusting temperatures of two TECs to control wavelengths of two reference FBGs matching with those of two sensor FBGs. Two corresponding TEC control signals are used as detection outputs for temperature and humidity measurements. Some experimental results on simultaneous measurements of vibration, temperature of the sensor system with a FBG vibration/temperature senor and a 10-layer polyimide coating FBG humidity sensor are presented. The fundamental system performances in respects of the frequency response of system in vibration measurements and the tracing of the Bragg wavelength of sensor FBG through a TEC temperature control method were also demonstrated. The experimental results verified that the proposed FBG laser sensor system has a desired detection performance. This sensor system can be used in many industrial measurement fields, particularly in the electrical power industry for condition monitoring of power generators as well as high-voltage power transformers.

  15. Microring embedded hollow polymer fiber laser

    SciTech Connect

    Linslal, C. L. Sebastian, S.; Mathew, S.; Radhakrishnan, P.; Nampoori, V. P. N.; Girijavallabhan, C. P.; Kailasnath, M.

    2015-03-30

    Strongly modulated laser emission has been observed from rhodamine B doped microring resonator embedded in a hollow polymer optical fiber by transverse optical pumping. The microring resonator is fabricated on the inner wall of a hollow polymer fiber. Highly sharp lasing lines, strong mode selection, and a collimated laser beam are observed from the fiber. Nearly single mode lasing with a side mode suppression ratio of up to 11.8 dB is obtained from the strongly modulated lasing spectrum. The microring embedded hollow polymer fiber laser has shown efficient lasing characteristics even at a propagation length of 1.5 m.

  16. Diode pumped alkali vapor fiber laser

    DOEpatents

    Payne, Stephen A.; Beach, Raymond J.; Dawson, Jay W.; Krupke, William F.

    2007-10-23

    A method and apparatus is provided for producing near-diffraction-limited laser light, or amplifying near-diffraction-limited light, in diode pumped alkali vapor photonic-band-gap fiber lasers or amplifiers. Laser light is both substantially generated and propagated in an alkali gas instead of a solid, allowing the nonlinear and damage limitations of conventional solid core fibers to be circumvented. Alkali vapor is introduced into the center hole of a photonic-band-gap fiber, which can then be pumped with light from a pump laser and operated as an oscillator with a seed beam, or can be configured as an amplifier.

  17. Diode pumped alkali vapor fiber laser

    DOEpatents

    Payne, Stephen A.; Beach, Raymond J.; Dawson, Jay W.; Krupke, William F.

    2006-07-26

    A method and apparatus is provided for producing near-diffraction-limited laser light, or amplifying near-diffraction-limited light, in diode pumped alkali vapor photonic-band-gap fiber lasers or amplifiers. Laser light is both substantially generated and propagated in an alkali gas instead of a solid, allowing the nonlinear and damage limitations of conventional solid core fibers to be circumvented. Alkali vapor is introduced into the center hole of a photonic-band-gap fiber, which can then be pumped with light from a pump laser and operated as an oscillator with a seed beam, or can be configured as an amplifier.

  18. Optical Fiber Multiplexer For Industrial Nd:YAG Lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goethals, Walther A.

    1989-03-01

    A lot of industrial Nd:YAG lasers are now being equipped with fiber optics for application in flexible manufacturing. One laser can be supplied with several fibers so different processing positions can receive laser power according to the time-and/or energy sharing principle. Most of the time-sharing devices (multiplexers) are based on a galvanometer mirror that couples a converging laser beam into different fibers respectively. From the industry several questions have risen to make these multiplexers faster, more reliable and suitable for smaller diameter fibers. The current designs are limited by the positioning accuracy of the galvanometer mirror and by their sensitiveness to variations in the parameters of the laser beam due to thermal lensing effects. In the patented design of the multiplexer presented here, based on a telescopic image relay and a precision fiber positioning unit, these problems were solved. A prototype has been built which addresses five fibers with 200 μm cores at a switching rate higher than 100 times per second. The fibers have special termination connectors and can be exchanged easily without losing the alignment of the optical system. For spot welding applications with pulsed Nd:YAG lasers this means that this type of multiplexer could be used to take advantage of the high laser pulse rates and the pulse shape and energy programming possibilities that manufacturers of these types of lasers offer nowadays. Another application that has been shown now is the use of several remote laser engraving units served by a single CW/Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser and a fiber multiplexer.

  19. Narrow line-width single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser using silicon-on-insulator based micro-ring-resonator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yang; Hsu, Yung; Hsu, Chin-Wei; Yang, Ling-Gang; Chow, Chi-Wai; Yeh, Chien-Hung; Lai, Yin-Chieh; Tsang, Hon-Ki

    2016-02-01

    In this work, we propose and demonstrate a stable single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) fiber laser with narrow line-width by using an integrated silicon-on-insulator micro-ring resonator (SOI MRR) and two subsidiary fiber rings for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. The laser is tunable over the wavelength range from 1546 to 1570 nm, with only step tuning of 2 nm steps. A maximum 49 dB side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) can be achieved. The compact SOI MRR provides a large free-spectral-range (FSR), while the subsidiary rings provide Vernier effect producing a single lasing mode. The FSR of the SOI MRR can be very large and controllable (since it is easy to fabricate small SOI MRR when compared with making small fiber-rings) using the complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) compactable SOI fabrication processes. In our proposed laser, the measured single sideband (SSB) spectrum shows that the densely spaced longitudinal modes can be significantly suppressed to achieve SLM. The laser linewidth is only 3.5 kHz measured by using the self-heterodyne method. 30 min stability evaluation in terms of lasing wavelength and optical power is performed; showing the optical wavelength and power are both very stable, with fluctuations of only 0.02 nm and 0.8 dB, respectively.

  20. A microfiber-based gold nanorod saturable absorber with evanescent field interaction for multi-soliton patterns in a fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xude; Luo, Zhichao; Liu, Meng; Qi, Youli; Tang, Rui; Luo, Aiping; Xu, Wencheng

    2016-06-01

    We report on the generation of various multi-soliton patterns in a fiber laser using a microfiber-based gold nanorod saturable absorber (GNR SA). By depositing GNRs onto a microfiber, the nonlinear effect and photo-thermal stability of the GNR SA are both enhanced due to the evanescent field interacting with the nonlinear material GNRs for a relatively long interaction time. Benefiting from a high third-order nonlinear coefficient and the excellent saturable absorption of GNRs, versatile multi-soliton patterns such as random distribution multi-solitons, soliton clusters, soliton molecules, multiple solitons occupying the whole cavity, and soliton flow can be easily obtained by properly adjusting the laser cavity parameter settings. The experimental results contribute to further understanding the physical mechanisms of multi-soliton dynamics, and demonstrate that the microfiber-based GNR SA is an excellent candidate for investigating the nonlinear phenomena in ultrafast fiber lasers.

  1. Terahertz radiation using log-spiral-based low-temperature-grown InGaAs photoconductive antenna pumped by mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Kong, Moon Sik; Kim, Ji Su; Han, Sang Pil; Kim, Namje; Moon, Kiwon; Park, Kyung Hyun; Jeon, Min Yong

    2016-04-01

    We demonstrate a terahertz (THz) radiation using log-spiral-based low-temperature-grown (LTG) InGaAs photoconductive antenna (PCA) modules and a passively mode-locked 1030 nm Yb-doped fiber laser. The passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser is easily implemented with nonlinear polarization rotation in the normal dispersion using a 10-nm spectral filter. The laser generates over 250 mW of the average output power with positively chirped 1.58 ps pulses, which are dechirped to 127 fs pulses using a pulse compressor outside the laser cavity. In order to obtain THz radiation, a home-made emitter and receiver constructed from log-spiral-based LTG InGaAs PCA modules were used to generate and detect THz signals, respectively. We successfully achieved absorption lines over 1.5 THz for water vapor in free space. Therefore, we confirm that a mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser has the potential to be used as an optical source to generate THZ waves. PMID:27136997

  2. High power, high efficiency diode pumped Raman fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glick, Yaakov; Fromzel, Viktor; Zhang, Jun; Dahan, Asaf; Ter-Gabrielyan, Nikolay; Pattnaik, Radha K.; Dubinskii, Mark

    2016-06-01

    We demonstrate a high power high efficiency Raman fiber laser pumped directly by a laser diode module at 976 nm. 80 Watts of CW power were obtained at a wavelength of 1020 nm with an optical-to-optical efficiency of 53%. When working quasi-CW, at a duty cycle of 30%, 85 W of peak power was produced with an efficiency of 60%. A commercial graded-index (GRIN) core fiber acts as the Raman fiber in a power oscillator configuration, which includes spectral selection to prevent generation of the 2nd Stokes. In addition, significant brightness enhancement of the pump beam is attained due to the Raman gain distribution profile in the GRIN fiber. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest power Raman fiber laser directly pumped by laser diodes, which also exhibits a record efficiency for such a laser. In addition, it is the highest power Raman fiber laser (regardless of pumping source) demonstrated based on a GRIN fiber.

  3. Laser transmission welding of long glass fiber reinforced thermoplastics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Straeten, Kira; Engelmann, Christoph; Olowinsky, Alexander; Gillner, Arnold

    2015-03-01

    Joining fiber reinforced polymers is an important topic for lightweight construction. Since classical laser transmission welding techniques for polymers have been studied and established in industry for many years joint-strengths within the range of the base material can be achieved. Until now these processes are only used for unfilled and short glass fiber-reinforced thermoplastics using laser absorbing and laser transparent matrices. This knowledge is now transferred to joining long glass fiber reinforced PA6 with high fiber contents without any adhesive additives. As the polymer matrix and glass fibers increase the scattering of the laser beam inside the material, their optical properties, changing with material thickness and fiber content, influence the welding process and require high power lasers. In this article the influence of these material properties (fiber content, material thickness) and the welding parameters like joining speed, laser power and clamping pressure are researched and discussed in detail. The process is also investigated regarding its limitations. Additionally the gap bridging ability of the process is shown in relation to material properties and joining speed.

  4. Self-tuning fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brunton, Steven L.; Kutz, J. N.; Fu, Xing

    2016-03-01

    Advanced methods in data science are driving the characterization and control of nonlinear dynamical systems in optics. In this work, we investigate the use of machine learning, sparsity methods and adaptive control to develop a self-tuning fiber laser, which automatically learns and adapts to maintain high-energy ultrashort pulses. In particular, a two-stage procedure is introduced consisting of a machine learning algorithm to recognize different dynamical regimes with distinct behavior, followed by an adaptive control algorithm to reject disturbances and track optimal solutions despite stochastically varying system parameters. The machine learning algorithm, called sparse representation for classification, comes from machine vision and is typically used for image recognition. The adaptive control algorithm is extremum-seeking control, which has been applied to a wide range of systems in engineering; extremum-seeking is beneficial because of rigorous stability guarantees and ease of implementation.

  5. Fiber-optic-based laser vapor screen flow visualization system for aerodynamic research in larger scale subsonic and transonic wind tunnels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Erickson, Gary E.; Inenaga, Andrew S.

    1994-01-01

    Laser vapor screen (LVS) flow visualization systems that are fiber-optic based were developed and installed for aerodynamic research in the Langley 8-Foot Transonic Pressure Tunnel and the Langley 7- by 10-Foot High Speed Tunnel. Fiber optics are used to deliver the laser beam through the plenum shell that surrounds the test section of each facility and to the light-sheet-generating optics positioned in the ceiling window of the test section. Water is injected into the wind tunnel diffuser section to increase the relative humidity and promote condensation of the water vapor in the flow field about the model. The condensed water vapor is then illuminated with an intense sheet of laser light to reveal features of the flow field. The plenum shells are optically sealed; therefore, video-based systems are used to observe and document the flow field. Operational experience shows that the fiber-optic-based systems provide safe, reliable, and high-quality off-surface flow visualization in smaller and larger scale subsonic and transonic wind tunnels. The design, the installation, and the application of the Langley Research Center (LaRC) LVS flow visualization systems in larger scale wind tunnels are highlighted. The efficiency of the fiber optic LVS systems and their insensitivity to wind tunnel vibration, the tunnel operating temperature and pressure variations, and the airborne contaminants are discussed.

  6. Fiber laser modelocked by nonlinear polarization rotation in a fiber loop

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuzin, Evgueni A.; Ibarra-Escamilla, Baldeamr; Gomez-Garcia, D. E.; Haus, Joseph W.

    2002-07-01

    We present the experimental demonstration of a new fiber laser configuration based on the nonlinear optical loop mirror with a symmetrical coupler, and highly twisted low- birefringent fiber in the loop. The nonlinear optical loop mirror configuration operates by nonlinear polarization rotation.

  7. 2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on PLD-Fe2+:ZnSe film

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Tao; Feng, Guoying; Zhang, Hong; Yang, Xianheng; Dai, Shenyu; Zhou, Shouhuan

    2016-07-01

    Based on the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method, we first fabricated a mid-infrared Fe2+:ZnSe film saturable absorber (SA). By employing the PLD Fe2+:ZnSe film SA, we have demonstrated a passively Q-switched double-clad Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser operating at a wavelength of 2.78 μm. Stable Q-switched pulses with pulse energy of 7.98 μJ and pulse duration of 0.742 μs, corresponding to a peak power of 10.76 W, were obtained at a repetition rate of 102.94 kHz. The maximum average output power is 822 mW. Our results demostrate that the PLD-Fe2+:ZnSe film SA is promising for high power pulse generation in compact mid-infrared fiber lasers.

  8. Fiber optic-based laser vapor screen flow visualization systems for aerodynamic research in larger-scale subsonic and transonic wind tunnels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Erickson, Gary E.; Inenaga, Andrew S.

    1992-01-01

    The design, installation, and application of the NASA laser vapor screen (LVS) flow visualization systems developed by 10-foot high speed tunnel and 8-foot transonic pressure tunnel are discussed. Sufficient quantity of water is injected into the wind tunnel diffuser section to increase the relative humidity and promote condensation of the water vapor in the flow field about the model. Vortex-dominated flows are illuminated with an intense sheet of laser light. Fiber optics are used to deliver the laser beam through the plenum shell that surrounds the test section of each facility and to the light sheet-generating optics positioned in the ceiling window of the test section. Operational experience indicates that fiber optic-based systems are safe, reliable, and capable of proving high-quality off-surface flow visualization in larger scale subsonic and transonic wind tunnels.

  9. Numerical investigations into a fiber laser based dielectric reverse dual-grating accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aimidula, A.; Welsch, C. P.; Xia, G.; Koyama, K.; Uesaka, M.; Yoshida, M.; Mete, O.; Matsumura, Y.

    2014-03-01

    Dielectric laser accelerators (DLAs) have great potential for applications, since they can generate acceleration gradients in the range of GeV/m and produce attosecond electron bunches. We described a novel reverse dual-grating dielectric accelerator structure made up of Silicon which is expected to improve beam confinement, and make fabrication easier. Numerical simulation results show that this structure effectively manipulates the laser field and generates a standing wave in the vacuum channel with a phase velocity synchronized to relativistic particles travelling through the structure. Optimum pillar height and channel width have been determined. All required laser parameters and initial particle energy have been analytically estimated and a suitable laser as an energy source is proposed. Finally, the effect of fabrication error on the acceleration gradient is discussed.

  10. High performance FBG interrogation technology with scan fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Yuanhong; Ma, Youchun; Yang, Minwei

    2010-11-01

    A Fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) Interrogation scheme with scan fiber laser was demonstrated. The ring cavity scan fiber laser was investigated and the scan fiber laser module was made and test, the 200Hz scan frequency, ~0.02nm line width, more than 40nm scan range and more than 1 mW output power were obtained. A 12 channels, 20 FBGs per channel FBG interrogator was made with this laser module and the high speed signal process circuit base on FPGA. The centroid finding method which has advantage on interrogation speed and accurate was taken for finding the peak of the return FBG spectrum. The FBG interrogator was test and less than 3pm standard deviation with 200Hz scan frequency were obtained.

  11. Thermal stress modification in regenerated fiber Bragg grating via manipulation of glass transition temperature based on CO₂-laser annealing.

    PubMed

    Lai, Man-Hong; Lim, Kok-Sing; Gunawardena, Dinusha S; Yang, Hang-Zhou; Chong, Wu-Yi; Ahmad, Harith

    2015-03-01

    In this work, we have demonstrated thermal stress relaxation in regenerated fiber Bragg gratings (RFBGs) by using direct CO₂-laser annealing technique. After the isothermal annealing and slow cooling process, the Bragg wavelength of the RFBG has been red-shifted. This modification is reversible by re-annealing and rapid cooling. It is repeatable with different cooling process in the subsequent annealing treatments. This phenomenon can be attributed to the thermal stress modification in the fiber core by means of manipulation of glass transition temperature with different cooling rates. This finding in this investigation is important for accurate temperature measurement of RFBG in dynamic environment. PMID:25723423

  12. Industrial applications of a fiber-based high-average-power picosecond laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moorhouse, Colin

    2009-02-01

    Presently lasers are well established tools for materials processing due to advantages such as (i) the non-contact nature of the laser-material interaction, (ii) the high precision achievable and (iii) no requirement for high vacuum equipment or costly chemicals. Now, industrial laser users demand improvements in order to achieve higher quality features with reduced heat affected zones and so it is increasingly necessary to use shorter pulse durations. To satisfy these needs, there has been significant research into ultrafast laser technology for decades, however at this time, these lasers have yet to be adopted by industry for mass production. Recent developments have shown that the combination of a fibre seed oscillator and Diode Pumped Solid State (DPSS) amplifying technology can offer high average power, picosecond pulses (~10ps) in an industrially-rugged package. The significant laser design aspects are outlined here, along with the advantages this technology offers for applications such as silicon via drilling, thin film patterning and the machining of wide bandgap materials.

  13. Phase generated carrier technique for fiber laser hydrophone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Rizhong; Wang, Xinbing; Huang, Junbin; Gu, Hongcan

    2013-08-01

    A distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser is compact, and is very suitable for using as a hydrophone to sense acoustic pressure. A DFB fiber laser hydrophone was researched. In the fiber laser hydrophone signal demodulating system, an unbalanced Michelson fiber interferometer and a Phase Generated Carrier (PGC) method were used. The PGC method can be used to demodulating the acoustic signal from the interference signal. Comparing with the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) method and Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) method, the digitized PGC method requires a greater amount of computation because of the high signal sampling, but it demands only one interference signal which makes the less fiber connections of the fiber laser hydrophone array. So the fiber laser hydrophone array based on the PGC method has lower complexity and higher reliability than that based on the NRL method or NPS method. The experimental results approve that the PGC method can demodulate acoustic signal between 20~2000 Hz frequency range with good signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) when the PZT driving frequency is 20 kHz.

  14. Thulium-doped fiber laser utilizing a photonic crystal fiber-based optical low-pass filter with application in 1.7 μm and 1.8 μm band.

    PubMed

    Emami, Siamak Dawazdah; Khodaei, Amin; Gandan, Shumithira; Penny, Richard; Lim, Kok Sing; Abdul-Rashid, Hairul Azhar; Ahmad, Harith

    2015-07-27

    This paper describes a low pass filter based on photonics crystal fiber (PCF) partial ASE suppression, and its application within a 1.7 µm to 1.8 µm band thulium-doped fiber amplifier (TDFA) and a thulium-doped fiber laser (TDFL). The enlargement of air holes around the doped core region of the PCF resulted in a low-pass filter device that was able to attenuate wavelengths above the conventional long cut-off wavelength. These ensuing long cut-off wavelengths were 1.85 μm and 1.75 μm, and enabled a transmission mechanism that possessed a number of desirable characteristics. The proposed optical low-pass filter was applied within a TDFA and TDFL system. Peak spectrum was observed at around 1.9 μm for conventional TDF lasers, while the proposed TDF laser with PCF setup had fiber laser peak wavelengths measured at downshifted values of 1.74 μm and 1.81 μm. PMID:26367625

  15. Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Novel Fiber Lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walton, Donnell Thaddeus

    Ultrafast science has historically been concerned with the areas of spectroscopy and the study of dynamic processes in the sciences and engineering. With the recent advent of compact, economical sources of ultrashort optical pulses, many potential applications have emerged in the fields of communications, medicine, metrology, and industrial processing. In this thesis, fiber lasers are explored as compact sources of ultra short optical pulses. Several passive modelocking schemes in fiber lasers have been reported. Unfortunately, when implemented in the negative group velocity regime, modelocked fiber lasers are plagued with a multiple-pulsing instability which limits them to low output pulse energy. In this work, a modelocking scheme based on a nonlinear directional coupler is proposed and analyzed. This laser, when embodied as a dual-core fiber, is shown to be immune to the multiple-pulsing instability and produces sub-100-fs pulses in the negative group velocity regime. In the presence of gain saturation, the laser produces 100-fs pulses and can evolve to steady-state from initial noise input when operated under the right conditions. The dual-core fiber laser even produces nanojoule, picosecond when implemented in the regime of positive group velocity dispersion. These pulses are chirped which allows for further compression down to 160 fs. Using a similar model, the first theoretical analysis of passive modelocking in birefringent fiber is performed. The results of the model (45 fs) are in excellent agreement with experimental results (38 fs). Additional wavelengths are also needed if fiber lasers are to be considered viable as compact sources of ultrashort pulses. To this end, a diode-pumped thulium -doped fluorozirconate fiber laser which operates near 800 nm is examined. The upconversion process is shown to be due to avalanche absorption of the pump. By constructing a compact, diode-pumped laser from an unoptimized sample of this fiber, this technique is shown

  16. Thulium fiber laser lithotripsy using small spherical distal fiber tips

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Christopher R.; Hardy, Luke A.; Kennedy, Joshua D.; Irby, Pierce B.; Fried, Nathaniel M.

    2016-02-01

    This study tests a 100-μm-core fiber with 300-μm-diameter ball tip during Thulium fiber laser (TFL) lithotripsy. The TFL was operated at 1908 nm wavelength with 35-mJ pulse energy, 500-μs pulse duration, and 300-Hz pulse rate. Calcium oxalate/phosphate stone samples were weighed, laser procedure times measured, and ablation rates calculated for ball tip fibers, with comparison to bare tip fibers. Photographs of ball tips were taken before and after each procedure to observe ball tip degradation and determine number of procedures completed before need to replace fiber. Saline irrigation rates and ureteroscope deflection were measured with and without TFL fiber present. There was no statistical difference (P > 0.05) between stone ablation rates for single-use ball tip fiber (1.3 +/- 0.4 mg/s) (n=10), multiple-use ball tip fiber (1.3 +/- 0.5 mg/s) (n=44), and conventional single-use bare tip fibers (1.3 +/- 0.2 mg/s) (n=10). Ball tip durability varied widely, but fibers averaged > 4 stone procedures before decline in stone ablation rates due to mechanical damage at front surface of ball tip. The small fiber diameter did not impact ureteroscope deflection or saline flow rates. The miniature ball tip fiber may provide a cost-effective design for safe fiber insertion through the ureteroscope working channel and the ureter without risk of scope damage or tissue perforation, and without compromising stone ablation efficiency during TFL ablation of kidney stones.

  17. Yb-fiber-laser-based, 1.8 W average power, picosecond ultraviolet source at 266 nm.

    PubMed

    Chaitanya Kumar, S; Canals Casals, J; Sanchez Bautista, E; Devi, K; Ebrahim-Zadeh, M

    2015-05-15

    We report a compact, stable, high-power, picosecond ultraviolet (UV) source at 266 nm based on simple single-pass two-step fourth-harmonic generation (FHG) of a mode-locked Yb-fiber laser at 79.5 MHz in LiB3O5 (LBO) and β-BaB2O4. Using a 30-mm-long LBO crystal for single-pass second-harmonic generation, we achieve up to 9.1 W of average green power at 532 nm for 16.8 W of Yb-fiber power at a conversion efficiency of 54% in 16.2 ps pulses with a TEM00 spatial profile and passive power stability better than 0.5% rms over 16 h. The generated green radiation is then used for single-pass FHG into the UV, providing as much as 1.8 W of average power at 266 nm under the optimum focusing condition in the presence of spatial walk-off, at an overall FHG conversion efficiency of ∼11%. The generated UV output exhibits passive power stability better than 4.6% rms over 1.5 h and beam pointing stability better than 84 μrad over 1 h. The UV output beam has a circularity of >80% in high beam quality with the TEM00 mode profile. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of picosecond UV generation at 266 nm at megahertz repetition rates. PMID:26393749

  18. Fiber-laser-based, green-pumped, picosecond optical parametric oscillator using fan-out grating PPKTP.

    PubMed

    Chaitanya Kumar, S; Parsa, S; Ebrahim-Zadeh, M

    2016-01-01

    We report a stable, Yb-fiber-laser-based, green-pumped, picosecond optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for the near-infrared based on periodically poled potassium titanyl phosphate (PPKTP) nonlinear crystal, using fan-out grating design and operating near room temperature. The OPO is continuously tunable across 726-955 nm in the signal and 1201-1998 nm in the idler, resulting in a total signal plus idler wavelength coverage of 1026 nm by grating tuning at a fixed temperature. The device generates up to 580 mW of average power in the signal at 765 nm and 300 mW in the idler at 1338 nm, with an overall extraction efficiency of up to 52% and a pump depletion >76%. The extracted signal at 765 nm and idler at 1746 nm exhibit excellent passive power stability better than 0.5% and 0.8% rms, respectively, over 1 h with good beam quality in TEM00 mode profile. The output signal pulses have a Gaussian temporal duration of 13.2 ps, with a FWHM spectral bandwidth of 3.4 nm at 79.5 MHz repetition rate. Power scaling limitations of the OPO due to the material properties of PPKTP are studied. PMID:26696156

  19. High-brightness, fiber-coupled pump modules in fiber laser applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hemenway, Marty; Urbanek, Wolfram; Hoener, Kylan; Kennedy, Keith W.; Bao, Ling; Dawson, David; Cragerud, Emily S.; Balsley, David; Burkholder, Gary; Reynolds, Mitch; Price, Kirk; Haden, Jim; Kanskar, Manoj; Kliner, Dahv A.

    2014-03-01

    High-power, high-brightness, fiber-coupled pump modules enable high-performance industrial fiber lasers with simple system architectures, multi-kW output powers, excellent beam quality, unsurpassed reliability, and low initial and operating costs. We report commercially available (element™), single-emitter-based, 9xx nm pump sources with powers up to 130 W in a 105 μm fiber and 250 W in a 200 μm fiber. This combination of high power and high brightness translates into improved fiber laser performance, e.g., simultaneously achieving high nonlinear thresholds and excellent beam quality at kW power levels. Wavelength-stabilized, 976 nm versions of these pumps are available for applications requiring minimization of the gain-fiber length (e.g., generation of high-peak-power pulses). Recent prototypes have achieved output powers up to 300 W in a 200 μm fiber. Extensive environmental and life testing at both the chip and module level under accelerated and real-world operating conditions have demonstrated extremely high reliability, with innovative designs having eliminated package-induced-failure mechanisms. Finally, we report integrated Pump Modules that provide < 1.6 kW of fiber-coupled power conveniently formatted for fiber-laser pumping or direct-diode applications; these 19" rack-mountable, 2U units combine the outputs of up to 14 elements™ using fused-fiber combiners, and they include high-efficiency diode drivers and safety sensors.

  20. Blade tip clearance measurement of the turbine engines based on a multi-mode fiber coupled laser ranging system

    SciTech Connect

    Guo, Haotian; Duan, Fajie; Wu, Guoxiu; Zhang, Jilong

    2014-11-15

    The blade tip clearance is a parameter of great importance to guarantee the efficiency and safety of the turbine engines. In this article, a laser ranging system designed for blade tip clearance measurement is presented. Multi-mode fiber is utilized for optical transmission to guarantee that enough optical power is received by the sensor probe. The model of the tiny sensor probe is presented. The error brought by the optical path difference of different modes of the fiber is estimated and the length of the fiber is limited to reduce this error. The measurement range in which the optical power received by the probe remains essentially unchanged is analyzed. Calibration experiments and dynamic experiments are conducted. The results of the calibration experiments indicate that the resolution of the system is about 0.02 mm and the range of the system is about 9 mm.

  1. All-fiber nonlinearity- and dispersion-managed dissipative soliton nanotube mode-locked laser

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Z.; Popa, D. Wittwer, V. J.; Milana, S.; Hasan, T.; Jiang, Z.; Ferrari, A. C.; Ilday, F. Ö.

    2015-12-14

    We report dissipative soliton generation from an Yb-doped all-fiber nonlinearity- and dispersion-managed nanotube mode-locked laser. A simple all-fiber ring cavity exploits a photonic crystal fiber for both nonlinearity enhancement and dispersion compensation. The laser generates stable dissipative solitons with large linear chirp in the net normal dispersion regime. Pulses that are 8.7 ps long are externally compressed to 118 fs, outperforming current nanotube-based Yb-doped fiber laser designs.

  2. Design and Performance of Raman Fiber Amplifier Based 589-nm Guide Star Lasers for ESO VLT and Their Suitability for Future ELT AO Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karpov, V.; Protopopov, V.; Clements, W.; Kaenders, W. G.; Friedenauer, A.; Ernstberger, B.; Hackenberg, W.; Lewis, St. A.; Bonaccini Calia, D.

    2011-09-01

    Large telescopes equipped with adaptive optics require 20-25W CW 589-nm light sources with emission linewidths of ˜5MHz. Towards this goal, ESO has been working for a number of years on the development of laser sources based on high-power narrow-band 1178-nm Raman fiber amplifiers (RFA) with subsequent frequency doubling to 589nm, demonstrating field tested lasers and powers beyond 50W CW. We present the design and performance of the guide star lasers being developed by industrial partners Toptica and MPBC, under contract from ESO, for deployment at the ESO VLT. The laser is designed and robustly engineered specifically for deployment on telescope facilities. The laser design is based on ESO's patented narrow-band RFA. The linearly-polarized, fiber-coupled emission of a Toptica CW diode laser, emitting 20mW at 1178nm, serves as master oscillator signal with stabilized emission frequency and controllable spectral linewidth up to a few MHz. The narrow-band seed signal is amplified in a polarization-maintaining (PM) Raman fiber amplifier developed by MPBC. The amplifier is pumped by a high-power 1120-nm PM fiber laser. With efficient suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering, an unprecedented 40W of narrow-band RFA output has been obtained. The RFA output is then mode-matched into a resonant cavity doubler with a free spectral range exactly matching the sodium D2a to D2b separation. This allows simultaneous generation of an additional frequency component (D2b line) in the output beam to re-pump the electronic population of sodium atoms, thereby increasing the return flux. We have demonstrated doubling efficiencies >80%, resulting in CW output powers at 589nm easily exceeding the design goal of 20W. Fiber lasers provide excellent output beam quality and are turn-key, maintenance-free, reliable, ruggedized devices whose compactness allows installation directly on the launch telescope structure. They are therefore well suited for LGS applications, also considering

  3. Amplifier/compressor fiber Raman lasers.

    PubMed

    Islam, M N; Mollenauer, L F; Stolen, R H; Simpson, J R; Shang, H T

    1987-10-01

    We show that the chirp from cross-phase modulation (XPM) dominates the operation of fiber Raman lasers (FRL's). Thus a FRL in the anomalous group-velocity regime is best described as a XPM-chirped Raman amplifier followed by a linear fiber compressor. While the output of such a laser is generally a narrow pulse with a broad pedestal, we show both experimentally and by computer simulation that negligible background is achievable. PMID:19741882

  4. High-power multichannel PPMgLN-based optical parametric oscillator pumped by a master oscillation power amplification-structured Q-switched fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Chen, Tao; Wei, Kaihua; Jiang, Peipei; Wu, Bo; Shen, Yonghang

    2012-10-01

    We experimentally demonstrated a compact fiber laser-pumped multichannel PPMgLN-based optical parametric oscillator (OPO) generating total OPO output power of 15.8, 15.2, 14.2, 12.9, and 8.8 W with idler output power of 4.7, 4.3, 4.1, 3.3, and 2.1 W at the wavelength of 3.43, 3.63, 3.72, 3.83, and 3.99 μm, respectively. The OPO was pumped by a fully fiberized polarization maintaining (PM) ytterbium-doped pulsed fiber master oscillation power amplifier (MOPA) operating at 1064 nm at a repetition rate of 65 kHz with effective pump power of 28.7 W. The MOPA system was constructed with an acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser seed and only one stage PM fiber amplifier without any free space components, which makes the pump system compact and stable in the long-term. Comparisons on efficiencies and signal wavelength shifts between different channels showed that the idler absorption was the main factor preventing high average-power OPO operation with long idler wavelength. PMID:23033106

  5. Fiber laser front end for high energy petawatt laser systems

    SciTech Connect

    Dawson, J W; Messerly, M J; Phan, H; Mitchell, S; Drobshoff, A; Beach, R J; Siders, C; Lucianetti, A; Crane, J K; Barty, C J

    2006-06-15

    We are developing a fiber laser front end suitable for high energy petawatt laser systems on large glass lasers such as NIF. The front end includes generation of the pulses in a fiber mode-locked oscillator, amplification and pulse cleaning, stretching of the pulses to >3ns, dispersion trimming, timing, fiber transport of the pulses to the main laser bay and amplification of the pulses to an injection energy of 150 {micro}J. We will discuss current status of our work including data from packaged components. Design detail such as how the system addresses pulse contrast, dispersion trimming and pulse width adjustment and impact of B-integral on the pulse amplification will be discussed. A schematic of the fiber laser system we are constructing is shown in figure 1 below. A 40MHz packaged mode-locked fiber oscillator produces {approx}1nJ pulses which are phase locked to a 10MHz reference clock. These pulses are down selected to 100kHz and then amplified while still compressed. The amplified compressed pulses are sent through a non-linear polarization rotation based pulse cleaner to remove background amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). The pulses are then stretched by a chirped fiber Bragg grating (CFBG) and then sent through a splitter. The splitter splits the signal into two beams. (From this point we follow only one beam as the other follows an identical path.) The pulses are sent through a pulse tweaker that trims dispersion imbalances between the final large optics compressor and the CFBG. The pulse tweaker also permits the dispersion of the system to be adjusted for the purpose of controlling the final pulse width. Fine scale timing between the two beam lines can also be adjusted in the tweaker. A large mode area photonic crystal single polarization fiber is used to transport the pulses from the master oscillator room to the main laser bay. The pulses are then amplified a two stage fiber amplifier to 150mJ. These pulses are then launched into the main amplifier

  6. High-power, fiber-laser-pumped, picosecond optical parametric oscillator based on MgO:sPPLT.

    PubMed

    Kumar, S Chaitanya; Ebrahim-Zadeh, M

    2011-12-19

    We report a stable, high-power, mid-infrared synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillator (SPOPO) based on MgO:sPPLT, pumped by a 1064 nm, picosecond Yb-fiber laser operating at a repetition rate of 81.1 MHz. The singly resonant SPOPO is tunable over 1531-1642 nm (111 nm) in the near-infrared signal and 3022-3488 nm (466 nm) in the mid-infrared idler, providing a total tuning range of 577 nm. Careful optimization of output coupling results in a signal output power as high as 4.3 W at 1593 nm and a mid-infrared idler power of 2 W at 3204 nm for 13.4 W of pump power at a total extraction efficiency of 47%. The SPOPO can be operated near room temperature, down to 30 °C, and exhibits passive peak-to-peak power stability better than 8.6% at 1568 nm (signal) and 8.2% at 3310 nm (idler) over 13 hours at full power. The output signal pulses have duration of 17.5 ps, with a FWHM spectral bandwidth of 1.4 nm centered at 1568 nm. PMID:22274250

  7. Generating femtosecond optical pulses tunable from 2 to 3  μm with a silica-based all-fiber laser system.

    PubMed

    Anashkina, E A; Andrianov, A V; Yu Koptev, M; Muravyev, S V; Kim, A V

    2014-05-15

    Femtosecond pulses with broad tunability in the range of 2-3 μm are generated in a germanate-glass core silica-glass cladding fiber with a driving pulse at 2 μm produced by an all-fiber laser system consisting of an Er:fiber source at 1.6 μm, a Raman fiber shifter, and a Tm:fiber amplifier. We demonstrate optical pulses with a duration of the order of 100 fs that are the shortest ones reported in the 2.5-3 μm range obtained by fiber laser systems. PMID:24978248

  8. Multiwavelength L-band fiber laser with bismuth-oxide EDF and photonic crystal fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramzia Salem, A. M.; Al-Mansoori, M. H.; Hizam, H.; Mohd Noor, S. B.; Abu Bakar, M. H.; Mahdi, M. A.

    2011-05-01

    A multiwavelength laser comb using a bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber and 50 m photonic crystal fiber is demonstrated in a ring cavity configuration. The fiber laser is solely pumped by a single 1455 nm Raman pump laser to exploit its higher power delivery compared to that of a single-mode laser diode pump. At 264 mW Raman pump power and 1 mW Brillouin pump power, 38 output channels in the L-band have been realized with an optical signal-to-noise ratio above 15 dB and a Stokes line spacing of 0.08 nm. The laser exhibits a tuning range of 12 nm and produces stable Stokes lines across the tuning range between Brillouin pump wavelengths of 1603 nm and 1615 nm.

  9. Tunable double-clad ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a double-pass Mach-Zehnder interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meng, Yichang; Zhang, Shumin; Wang, Xinzhan; Du, Juan; Li, Hongfei; Hao, Yanping; Li, Xingliang

    2012-03-01

    We have demonstrated an adjustable double-clad Yb 3+-doped fiber laser using a double-pass Mach-Zehnder interferometer. The laser is adjustable over a range of 40 nm from 1064 nm to 1104 nm. By adjusting the state of the polarization controller, which is placed in the double-pass Mach-Zehnder interferometer, we obtained central lasing wavelengths that can be accurately tuned with controllable spacing between different tunable wavelengths. The laser has a side mode suppression ratio of 42 dB, the 3 dB spectral width is less than 0.2 nm, and the slope efficiencies at 1068 nm, 1082 nm and 1098 nm are 23%, 32% and 26%, respectively. In addition, we have experimentally observed tunable multi-wavelengths lasing output.

  10. A Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor Interrogation System Based on a Linearly Wavelength-Swept Thermo-Optic Laser Chip

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Hyung-Seok; Lee, Hwi Don; Kim, Hyo Jin; Cho, Jae Du; Jeong, Myung Yung; Kim, Chang-Seok

    2014-01-01

    A linearized wavelength-swept thermo-optic laser chip was applied to demonstrate a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor interrogation system. A broad tuning range of 11.8 nm was periodically obtained from the laser chip for a sweep rate of 16 Hz. To measure the linear time response of the reflection signal from the FBG sensor, a programmed driving signal was directly applied to the wavelength-swept laser chip. The linear wavelength response of the applied strain was clearly extracted with an R-squared value of 0.99994. To test the feasibility of the system for dynamic measurements, the dynamic strain was successfully interrogated with a repetition rate of 0.2 Hz by using this FBG sensor interrogation system. PMID:25177803

  11. Part-Per-Trillion Level SF6 Detection Using a Quartz Enhanced Photoacoustic Spectroscopy-Based Sensor with Single-Mode Fiber-Coupled Quantum Cascade Laser Excitation

    SciTech Connect

    Spagnolo, V.; Patimisco, P.; Borri, Simone; Scamarcio, G.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Kriesel, J.M.

    2012-10-23

    A sensitive spectroscopic sensor based on a hollow-core fiber-coupled quantum cascade laser (QCL) emitting at 10.54 µm and quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) technique is reported. The design and realization of mid-infrared fiber and coupler optics has ensured single-mode QCL beam delivery to the QEPAS sensor . The collimation optics was designed to produce a laser beam of significantly reduced beam size and waist so as to prevent illumination of the quartz tuning fork and micro-resonator tubes. SF6 was selected as the target gas. A minimum detection sensitivity of 50 parts per trillion in 1 s was achieved with a QCL power of 18 mW, corresponding to a normalized noise-equivalent absorption of 2.7x10-10 W•cm-1/Hz1/2.

  12. Fiber-Optic Probe For Laser Velocimetry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lynch, Dana H.; Mcalister, Kenneth W.; Gunter, William D., Jr.

    1992-01-01

    Size and weight of optics reduced considerably. Proposed fiber-optic probe in laser velocimeter smaller (and, therefore, lighter in weight and more maneuverable) than previous probe. Proposed configuration is product of calculations and experiments showing virtual waists serve same purpose. Laser-velocimeter lens brought close to transfer lenses to focus on virtual waists, thereby shortening probe head considerably.

  13. Excimer laser machining of optical fiber taps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coyle, Richard J.; Serafino, Anthony J.; Grimes, Gary J.; Bortolini, James R.

    1991-05-01

    Precision openings for construction of an optical backplane have been machined in an optical fiber using an excimer laser operating at a wavelength of 193 nm. The openings were made by imaging the laser beam onto the polymer fiber cladding with a telescope, then ablating the cladding with a sufficient number of pulses to expose the core. Circular openings measuring 250 and 625 microns and elliptical openings measuring 650 X 350 microns have been made in the cladding of a 1 mm polymer-clad silica fiber. Examination by scanning electron microscopy reveals that the best quality openings are obtained with either the smaller circular geometry or the elliptical geometry. For various reasons, elliptical openings, with the major axis oriented along the longitudinal axis of the fiber, appear more suitable for tap construction. Individual optical fiber taps have been constructed by attaching a tap fiber to a laser machined opening in a central fiber using an ultraviolet-curable acralate. Individual tap measurements were made on the elliptical and the 250 micron circular openings. In addition, a triple tap assembly was made using elliptical tap openings. These results indicate that the excimer laser machining technique may be applicable to the construction of a linear tapped bus for optical backplanes.

  14. Echelle spectrograph calibration with a frequency comb based on a harmonically mode-locked fiber laser: a proposal.

    PubMed

    McFerran, J J

    2009-05-10

    Details for constructing an astronomical frequency comb suitable as a wavelength reference for échelle spectrographs associated with optical telescopes are outlined. The source laser for the frequency comb is a harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with a central wavelength of 1.56 microm. The means of producing a repetition rate greater than 7 GHz and a peak optical power of approximately 8 kW are discussed. Conversion of the oscillator light into the visible can occur through a two-step process of (i) nonlinear conversion in periodically poled lithium niobate and (ii) spectral broadening in photonic crystal fiber. While not necessarily octave spanning in spectral range to permit the use of an f -to- 2f interferometer for offset frequency control, the frequency comb can be granted accuracy by linking the mode spacing and a comb tooth to separate frequency references. The design avoids the use of a Fabry-Perot cavity to increase the mode spacing of the frequency comb; however, the level of supermode suppression and sideband asymmetry in the fiber oscillator and in the subsequent frequency conversion stages are aspects that need to be experimentally tested. PMID:19424399

  15. Echelle spectrograph calibration with a frequency comb based on a harmonically mode-locked fiber laser: a proposal

    SciTech Connect

    McFerran, J. J.

    2009-05-10

    Details for constructing an astronomical frequency comb suitable as a wavelength reference for echelle spectrographs associated with optical telescopes are outlined. The source laser for the frequency comb is a harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with a central wavelength of 1.56 {mu}m. The means of producing a repetition rate greater than 7 GHz and a peak optical power of {approx}8 kW are discussed. Conversion of the oscillator light into the visible can occur through a two-step process of (i) nonlinear conversion in periodically poled lithium niobate and (ii) spectral broadening in photonic crystal fiber. While not necessarily octave spanning in spectral range to permit the use of an f -to- 2f interferometer for offset frequency control, the frequency comb can be granted accuracy by linking the mode spacing and a comb tooth to separate frequency references. The design avoids the use of a Fabry-Perot cavity to increase the mode spacing of the frequency comb; however, the level of supermode suppression and sideband asymmetry in the fiber oscillator and in the subsequent frequency conversion stages are aspects that need to be experimentally tested.

  16. Actively mode-locked Raman fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Yang, Xuezong; Zhang, Lei; Jiang, Huawei; Fan, Tingwei; Feng, Yan

    2015-07-27

    Active mode-locking of Raman fiber laser is experimentally investigated for the first time. An all fiber connected and polarization maintaining loop cavity of ~500 m long is pumped by a linearly polarized 1120 nm Yb fiber laser and modulated by an acousto-optic modulator. Stable 2 ns width pulse train at 1178 nm is obtained with modulator opening time of > 50 ns. At higher power, pulses become longer, and second order Raman Stokes could take place, which however can be suppressed by adjusting the open time and modulation frequency. Transient pulse evolution measurement confirms the absence of relaxation oscillation in Raman fiber laser. Tuning of repetition rate from 392 kHz to 31.37 MHz is obtained with harmonic mode locking. PMID:26367642

  17. Passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser via a D-shape-fiber-based MoS2 saturable absorber with a very low nonsaturable loss

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li-Na, Duan; Yu-Long, Su; Yong-Gang, Wang; Lu, Li; Xi, Wang; Yi-Shan, Wang

    2016-02-01

    We report on the generation of conventional and dissipative solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers by the evanescent field interaction between the propagating light and a multilayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin film. The MoS2 film is fabricated by depositing the MoS2 water-ethanol mixture on a D-shape-fiber (DF) repetitively. The measured nonsaturable loss, saturable optical intensity, and the modulation depth of this device are 13.3%, 110 MW/cm2, and 3.4% respectively. Owing to the very low nonsaturable loss, the laser threshold of conventional soliton is as low as 4.8 mW. The further increase of net cavity dispersion to normal regime, stable dissipation soliton pulse trains with a spectral bandwidth of 11.7 nm and pulse duration of 116 ps are successfully generated. Our experiment demonstrates that the MoS2-DF device can indeed be used as a high performance saturable absorber for further applications in ultrafast photonics. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61378024).

  18. Highly sensitive liquid-level sensor based on dual-wavelength double-ring fiber laser assisted by beat frequency interrogation.

    PubMed

    Dai, Yi; Sun, Qizhen; Tan, Sisi; Wo, Jianghai; Zhang, Jiejun; Liu, Deming

    2012-12-01

    A highly sensitive liquid-level sensor based on dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser is proposed and demonstrated. The laser is formed by exploiting two parallel arranged phase-shift fiber Bragg gratings (ps-FBGs), acting as ultra-narrow bandwidth filters, into a double-ring resonators. By beating the dual-wavelength lasing output, a stable microwave signal with frequency stability better than 5 MHz is obtained. The generated beat frequency varies with the change of dual-wavelength spacing. Based on this characteristic, with one ps-FBG serving as the sensing element and the other one acting as the reference element, a highly sensitive liquid level sensor is realized by monitoring the beat frequency shift of the laser. The sensor head is directly bonded to a float which can transfer buoyancy into axial strain on the fiber without introducing other elastic elements. The experimental results show that an ultra-high liquid-level sensitivity of 2.12 × 10(7) MHz/m within the measurement range of 1.5 mm is achieved. The sensor presents multiple merits including ultra-high sensitivity, thermal insensitive, good reliability and stability. PMID:23262687

  19. Mode Selection for a Single-Frequency Fiber Laser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Jian

    2010-01-01

    A superstructured fiber-grating-based mode selection filter for a single-frequency fiber laser eliminates all free-space components, and makes the laser truly all-fiber. A ring cavity provides for stable operations in both frequency and power. There is no alignment or realignment required. After the fibers and components are spliced together and packaged, there is no need for specially trained technicians for operation or maintenance. It can be integrated with other modules, such as telescope systems, without extra optical alignment due to the flexibility of the optical fiber. The filter features a narrow line width of 1 kHz and side mode suppression ratio of 65 dB. It provides a high-quality laser for lidar in terms of coherence length and signal-to-noise ratio, which is 20 dB higher than solid-state or microchip lasers. This concept is useful in material processing, medical equipment, biomedical instrumentation, and optical communications. The pulse-shaping fiber laser can be directly used in space, airborne, and satellite applications including lidar, remote sensing, illuminators, and phase-array antenna systems.

  20. Fiber optic mounted laser driven flyer plates

    SciTech Connect

    Paisley, D.L.

    1990-12-31

    This invention is comprised of a laser driven flyer plate where the flyer plate is deposited directly onto the squared end of an optical fiber. The plasma generated by a laser pulse drives the flyer plate toward a target. In another embodiment, a first metal layer is deposited onto the squared end of an optical fiber, followed by a layer of a dielectric material and a second metal layer. The laser pulse generates a plasma in the first metal layer, but the plasma is kept away from the second metal layer by the dielectric layer until the pressure reaches the point where shearing occurs. 2 figs.

  1. Bidirectional pumped high power Raman fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Q; Yan, P; Li, D; Sun, J; Wang, X; Huang, Y; Gong, M

    2016-03-21

    This paper presents a 3.89 kW 1123 nm Raman all-fiber laser with an overall optical-to-optical efficiency of 70.9%. The system consists of a single-wavelength (1070nm) seed and one-stage bidirectional 976 nm non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes (LDs) pumped Yb-doped fiber amplifier. The unique part of this system is the application of non-wavelength-stabilized LDs in high power bidirectional pumping configuration fiber amplifier via refractive index valley fiber combiners. This approach not only increases the pump power, but also shortens the length of fiber by avoiding the usage of multi-stage amplifier. Through both theoretical research and experiment, the bidirectional pumping configuration presented in this paper proves to be able to convert 976 nm pump laser to 1070 nm laser via Yb3+ transfer, which is then converted into 1123 nm Raman laser via the first-order Raman effect without the appearance of any higher-order Raman laser. PMID:27136862

  2. Yb-fiber-MOPA based high energy and average power uplink laser beacon for deep space communication operating under Nested PPM format

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Engin, Doruk; Burton, John; Darab, Ibraheem; Kimpel, Frank; Gupta, Shantanu

    2015-05-01

    A Yb LMA fiber amplifier based 1030nm laser transmitter capable of operating with high average power and peak power (~500W, 9kW) is presented. The prototype, all-fiber, high TRL level laser transmitter is designed to meet all the single aperture requirements of a multi aperture deep space laser beacon system including operation with Nested pulse position modulation (PPM) format. Nested PPM format consist of an inner modulation PPM- (8,4) with 128nsec slot size and an outer modulation PPM-(2, 2) 65.5usec slot size. Here, nested PPM operation is presented for the first time. In implementing inner modulation strong pre-pulse shaping is required where PPM pattern dependent pulse energy variation (PEV) is minimized. Outer modulation is implemented by directly modulating VBG locked pump lasers for the final two gain. A sophisticated multi-stage, ultra-fast loss of signal (LOS) and backward Raman/lasing monitoring algorithm is implemented for ensuring reliable operation. Mechanical and electrical design of the delivered laser is scalable to multiple apertures.

  3. Laser fiber optics ordnance initiation system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yang, L. C.

    1976-01-01

    Recent progress on system development in the laser initiation of explosive devices is summarized. The topics included are: development of compact free-running mode and Q-switched lasers, development of low-loss fiber optic bundles and connectors, study of nuclear radiation effects on the system, characterization of laser initiation sensitivities of insensitive high explosives, and the design methods used to achieve attractive system weight and cost savings. Direction for future work is discussed.

  4. Black anneal marking with pulsed fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murphy, T.; Harrison, P.; Norman, S.

    2015-07-01

    High contrast marking of metals is used in a wide range of industries. Fiber laser marking of these metals provides non-contact marking with no consumables, offering many advantages over traditional methods of metal marking. The laser creates a permanent mark on the material surface combining heat and oxygen with no noticeable ablation. The focussed beam of the fiber laser in combination with precision control of the heat input is able to treat small areas of the material surface evenly and consistently, which is critical for producing black anneal marks. The marks are highly legible which is ideal for marking serial numbers or small data matrices where traceability is required. This paper reports the experimental study for producing black anneal marks on various grades of stainless steel using fiber lasers. The influence of metal surface finish, beam quality, spot size diameter and pulse duration are investigated for producing both smooth and decorative anneal marks.

  5. Fiber Delivery of mid-IR lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Kriesel, J.M.; Gat, N.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Myers, Tanya L.; Bledt, Carlos M.; Harrington, James P.

    2011-08-24

    Fiber optics for the visible to near infrared (NIR) wavelength regimes (i.e. = 0.42 {mu}m) have proven to be extremely useful for a myriad of applications such as telecommunications, illumination, and sensors because they enable convenient, compact, and remote delivery of laser beams. Similarly, there is a need for fiber optics operating at longer wavelengths. For example, systems operating in the mid-IR regime (i.e., = 314 {mu}m) are being developed to detect trace molecular species with far-reaching applications, such as detecting explosives on surfaces, pollutants in the environment, and biomarkers in the breath of a patient. Furthermore, with the increasing availability of quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) which are semiconductor lasers that operate in the mid-IR regime additional uses are rapidly being developed. Here, we describe the development of hollow-core fibers for delivery of high-quality mid-IR laser beams across a broad spectral range.

  6. Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser at C-band region based on WS₂ saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, H; Ruslan, N E; Ismail, M A; Reduan, S A; Lee, C S J; Sathiyan, S; Sivabalan, S; Harun, S W

    2016-02-10

    We demonstrate a Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using tungsten disulfide (WS₂) as a saturable absorber. The WS₂ is deposited onto fiber ferrules using a drop-casting method. Passive Q-switched pulses operating in the C-band region with a central wavelength of 1560.7 nm are successfully generated by a tunable pulse repetition rate ranging from 27.2 to 84.8 kHz when pump power is increased from 40 to 220 mW. At the same time, the pulse width decreases from a maximum value of 3.84 μs to a minimum value of 1.44 μs. The signal-to-noise ratio gives a stable value of 43.7 dB. The modulation depth and saturation intensity are measured to be 0.99% and 36.2  MW/cm², respectively. PMID:26906366

  7. Laser-jamming effectiveness analysis of combined-fiber lasers for airborne defense systems.

    PubMed

    Jie, Xu; Shanghong, Zhao; Rui, Hou; Shengbao, Zhan; Lei, Shi; Jili, Wu; Shaoqiang, Fang; Yongjun, Li

    2008-12-20

    The laser-jamming effectiveness of combined fiber lasers for airborne defense systems is analyzed in detail. Our preliminary experimental results are proof of the concept of getting a high-power laser through a beam combination technique. Based on combined fiber lasers, the jamming effectiveness of four-quadrant guidance and imaging guidance systems are evaluated. The simulation results have proved that for a four-quadrant guidance system, the tracking system takes only two seconds to complete tracking, and the new tracking target is the jamming laser; for the imaging guidance system, increasing the power of the jamming laser or the distance between the target and the jamming laser are both efficient ways to achieve a successful laser jamming. PMID:19104536

  8. All-fiber Tm-doped soliton laser oscillator with 6 nJ pulse energy based on evanescent field interaction with monoloayer graphene saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Hwanseong; Choi, Sun Young; Kim, Mi Hye; Rotermund, Fabian; Cha, Yong-Ho; Jeong, Do-Young; Lee, Sang Bae; Lee, Kwanil; Yeom, Dong-Il

    2016-06-27

    We demonstrate an all-fiber Tm-doped soliton laser with high power by using a monolayer graphene saturable absorber (SA). Large area, uniform monolayer graphene was transferred to the surface of the side-polished fiber (SPF) to realize an in-line graphene SA that operates around 2 μm wavelength. To increase the nonlinear interaction with graphene, we applied an over-cladding onto the SPF, where enhanced optical absorption at monolayer graphene was observed. All-fiber Tm-doped mode-locked laser was built including our in-line graphene SA, which stably delivered the soliton pulses with 773 fs pulse duration. The measured 3-dB spectral bandwidth was 5.14 nm at the wavelength of 1910 nm. We obtained the maximum average output power of 115 mW at a repetition rate of 19.31 MHz. Corresponding pulse energy was estimated to be 6 nJ, which is the highest value among all-fiber Tm-doped soliton oscillators using carbon-material-based SAs. PMID:27410573

  9. The crucial fiber components and gain fiber for high power ytterbium-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liao, Lei; Liu, Peng; Xing, Ying-Bin; Wang, Yi-Bo; Dai, Neng-Li; Li, Jin-Yan; He, Bing; Zhou, Jun

    2015-08-01

    We have demonstrated a kW continuous-wave ytterbium-doped all-fiber laser oscillator with 7×1 fused fiber bundle combiner, fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and double-clad gain fiber fabricated by corresponding technologies. The results of experiment that the oscillator had operated at 1079.48nm with 80.94% slope efficiency without the influence of temperature and non-linear effects indicate that fiber components and gain fiber were suitable to high power environment. No evidence of the signal power roll-over showed that this oscillator possess the capacity to highest output with available pump power.

  10. An all-fiber approach for in-phase supermode phase-locked operation of multicore fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, L.; Schülzgen, A.; Temyanko, V. L.; Li, H.; Moloney, J. V.; Peyghambarian, N.

    2007-02-01

    An all-fiber approach is utilized to phase lock and select the in-phase supermode of compact multicore fiber lasers. Based on the principles of Talbot imaging and waveguide multimode interference, the fundamental supermode is selectively excited within a completely monolithic fiber device. The all-fiber device is constructed by simply fusion splicing passive non-core optical fibers of controlled lengths at both ends of a piece of multicore fiber. Experimental results upon in-house-made 19- and 37-core fibers are demonstrated, which generate output beams with high-brightness far-field intensity distributions. The whole fabricated multicore fiber laser device can in principle be a single fiber chain that is only ~10 cm in length, aligning-free in operation, and robust against environmental disturbance.

  11. Carbon Dioxide Laser Fiber Optics In Endoscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuller, Terry A.

    1982-12-01

    Carbon dioxide laser surgery has been limited to a great extent to surgical application on the integument and accessible cavities such as the cervix, vagina, oral cavities, etc. This limitation has been due to the rigid delivery systems available to all carbon dioxide lasers. Articulating arms (series of hollow tubes connected by articulating mirrors) have provided an effective means of delivery of laser energy to the patient as long as the lesion was within the direct line of sight. Even direct line-of-sight applications were restricted to physical dimension of the articulating arm or associated hand probes, manipulators and hollow tubes. The many attempts at providing straight endoscopic systems to the laser only stressed the need for a fiber optic capable of carrying the carbon dioxide laser wavelength. Rectangular and circular hollow metal waveguides, hollow dielectric waveguides have proven ineffective to the stringent requirements of a flexible surgical delivery system. One large diameter (1 cm) fiber optic delivery system, incorporates a toxic thalliumAbased fiber optic material. The device is an effective alternative to an articulating arm for external or conventional laser surgery, but is too large and stiff to use as a flexible endoscopic tool. The author describes the first highly flexible inexpensive series of fiber optic systems suitable for either conventional or endoscopic carbon dioxide laser surgery. One system (IRFLEX 3) has been manufactured by Medlase, Inc. for surgical uses capable of delivering 2000w, 100 mJ pulsed energy and 15w continuous wave. The system diameter is 0.035 inches in diameter. Surgically suitable fibers as small as 120 um have been manufactured. Other fibers (IRFLEX 142,447) have a variety of transmission characteristics, bend radii, etc.

  12. Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation based on cascaded Raman scattering in a few-mode As2S3 fiber pumped by a thulium-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Yao, Jinmei; Zhang, Bin; Yin, Ke; Yang, Linyong; Hou, Jing; Lu, Qisheng

    2016-06-27

    By pumping a 1.7-m-long As2S3 fiber at 2050 nm directly, a fiber-based mid-infrared supercontinuum (SC) source with an output power of 366 mW is demonstrated. This is the first experimental demonstration to obtain such a mid-infrared SC in a piece of chalcogenide fiber pumped at 2 μm directly. The cut-off wavelength of the As2S3 fiber is 3.5 μm, indicating that it could support several modes at around 2 μm. It is found that nonlinear spectral broadening mechanisms in the few-mode chalcogenide fiber could be affected through adjusting the butt-coupling position. That is because different positions will excite different modes that correspondingly possess different nonlinearity and dispersion characteristics. When stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) corresponding to the excitation of the fundamental mode becomes dominant in this few-mode fiber, an efficient cascaded SRS-based SC is obtained with five Stokes peaks ranging from 2 μm to 3.4 μm. Results from numerical simulation are in accord with the experimental results, showing that it is feasible to obtain an SRS based mid-infrared SC in a step-index As2S3 fiber by using a 2 μm high peak power picosecond laser to pump directly. PMID:27410625

  13. High-power frequency comb in the range of 2-2.15  μm based on a holmium fiber amplifier seeded by wavelength-shifted Raman solitons from an erbium-fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Coluccelli, Nicola; Cassinerio, Marco; Gambetta, Alessio; Laporta, Paolo; Galzerano, Gianluca

    2014-03-15

    We demonstrate a room-temperature high-power frequency comb source covering the spectral region from 2 to 2.15 μm. The source is based on a femtosecond erbium-fiber laser operating at 1.55 μm with a repetition rate of 250 MHz, wavelength-shifted up to 2.06 μm by the solitonic Raman effect, seeding a large-mode-area holmium (Ho) fiber amplifier pumped by a thulium (Tm) fiber laser emitting at 1.94 μm. The frequency comb has an integrated power of 2 W, with overall power fluctuations as low as 0.3%. The beatnote between the comb and a high-spectral-purity, single-frequency Tm-Ho laser has a linewidth of 32 kHz over 1 ms observation time, with a signal-to-noise ratio in excess of 30 dB. PMID:24690863

  14. All-fiber 7 × 1 signal combiner for high power fiber lasers.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Hang; Chen, Zilun; Zhou, Xuanfeng; Hou, Jing; Chen, Jinbao

    2015-04-10

    We present an all-fiber 7×1 signal combiner for high power fiber lasers. Through theoretical analysis, the fabrication method is confirmed and the taper length of the fiber bundle is chosen to be 1 cm to ensure a high transmission efficiency of the combiner. Based on the theoretical results, an all-fiber 7×1 signal combiner with high transmission efficiency is fabricated. A capillary with low refractive index is fused around the bundle of signal fibers to make an additional cladding layer. Then the fiber bundle is tapered to match the core of the output fiber and then spliced with the output fiber. The combiner is tested with a 500 W fiber laser and a temperature increase of 13°C/kW without any active cooling is observed in the combiner. The power transmission efficiency is measured to be close to 99% for each input port and the beam quality M2 is around 10. PMID:25967291

  15. Highly efficient fiber coupling of laser diode bars with > 50% electro-optical efficiency out of the fiber core

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fornahl, Udo; Revermann, Markus; Meinschien, Jens

    2008-02-01

    Fiber-coupled diode lasers have become an established source for many industrial applications due to their high wall-plug efficiency, minimal maintenance and cost per watt. To decrease system size and cost for cooler and driver, high coupling efficiencies have become more and more important. Recent developments in broad area laser diode bars (BALB) and beam shaping systems with micro-optical components are leading to new highly efficient fiber coupling. We present newly developed high power diode laser modules which are performing at outstanding efficiencies with smallest package design. The combination of recently designed laser diode bars on passive heat sinks and optimized micro-optics results in laser modules with up to 60W out of a 200μm fiber with a 0.22 NA and > 50% electro-optical efficiency out of the fiber core, based on only one laser diode bar. The applications for such laser diode modules range from pumping of fiber lasers and amplifiers, over materials processing to medical applications. The presentation of the technology will show a path to scale high-brightness laser systems to higher power levels and efficiencies. The combination of different coupling techniques will allow laser modules with 100W out of 100μm fiber core up to 1.6kW out of 400μm fiber core with electro-optical efficiencies of > 45%.

  16. Low-temperature, low-cost growth of robust ATR GeO2 hollow fibers based on copper capillary tubes for transmission of CO2 laser light

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jing, Chengbin; Bai, Wei; Hu, Zhigao; Yang, Pingxiong; Liu, Aiyun; Lin, Fangtin; Shi, Yiwei; Chu, Junhao

    2014-02-01

    Attenuated total reflectance (ATR) infrared hollow waveguide attracts particular interest since it has both advantages of a hollow fiber and a light guiding mechanism similar to that of solid-core fibers. Presently, ATR hollow waveguides are mainly structured with single-crystal sapphire or glassy materials. These waveguides are somewhat brittle. More robust ATR hollow fibers are required in many military and domestic applications. In this work, ATR GeO2 hollow waveguides were prepared based on a copper capillary tube for transmitting CO2 laser light. The inner wall of the copper structural tube was polished using a high-pressure pulsed nanofluid technique. A hexagonal crystalline GeO2 reflective layer with sufficient thickness (>4 μm) was grown on the inner tube wall via a simple liquid phase deposition process at room temperature. The GeO2 coated copper hollow fiber exhibits a low-loss band within 10-11.5 μm. It can still be bent since the hollow-core size (1.4 mm) and the wall thickness (50 μm) are not too large. The transmissions of CO2 laser light are 91% and 43% under a straight condition and a 90° bend with a 30-cm radius condition, respectively. The waveguide displays high heat-resisting properties due to high thermal conductivity of the copper substrate tube and a high melting point (1115°C) of the GeO2 reflective layer. This work opens a door for low-temperature, low-cost growth of long ATR GeO2 infrared hollow fibers based on various substrate tubes, even including plastic capillary tubes.

  17. Ho:YLF Laser Pumped by TM:Fiber Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizutani, Kohei; Ishii, Shoken; Itabe, Toshikazu; Asai, Kazuhiro; Sato, Atsushi

    2016-06-01

    A 2-micron Ho:YLF laser end-pumped by 1.94-micron Tm:fiber laser is described. A ring resonator of 3m length is adopted for the oscillator. The laser is a master oscillator and an amplifier system. It is operated at high repetition rate of 200-5000 Hz in room temperature. The laser outputs were about 9W in CW and more than 6W in Q-switched operation. This laser was developed to be used for wind and CO2 measurements.

  18. Wide and fast wavelength-swept fiber lasers based on dispersion tuning and their application to optical coherence tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, Shinji; Takubo, Yuya

    2013-12-01

    We recently proposed a new class of wavelength-swept lasers for swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). It uses the same gain medium with the conventional swept lasers, but does not require any tunable filters. It is based on a principle called "dispersion tuning", in which a highly dispersive medium is inserted in the laser cavity, and loss/gain modulation is applied to mode-lock the laser. Since the cavity contains no mechanical components, such as tunable filters, we could achieve the very high sweep rate. In this review paper, we describe the principle of the dispersion-tuned swept lasers in detail and present our recent work on the application to the SS-OCT system.

  19. Soliton Thulium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotube Saturable Absorber

    PubMed Central

    Kieu, K.; Wise, F. W.

    2011-01-01

    We report stabilization of a thulium–holmium codoped fiber soliton laser with a saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes. The laser generates transform-limited 750-fs pulses with 0.5-nJ energy. PMID:21731403

  20. Soliton Thulium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotube Saturable Absorber.

    PubMed

    Kieu, K; Wise, F W

    2009-02-01

    We report stabilization of a thulium-holmium codoped fiber soliton laser with a saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes. The laser generates transform-limited 750-fs pulses with 0.5-nJ energy. PMID:21731403

  1. Cascade Raman soliton fiber ring laser

    SciTech Connect

    Gouveia-Neto, A.S.; Gomes, A.S.L.; Taylor, J.R.; Ainslie, B.J.; Craig, S.P.

    1987-11-01

    Pulses as short as 200 fsec at 1.5 ..mu..m and 230 fsec at 1.6 ..mu..m have been generated through a cascade Raman, solitonlike process in a fiber ring oscillator. A dispersion-shifted (lambda/sub 0/ = 1.46 ..mu..m) single-mode fiber was used as the gain medium, which was synchronously pumped by a cw mode-locked Nd:YAG laser operated at 1.32 ..mu..m.

  2. Spectral-domain OCT imaging using a spectrally flexible wavelength-swept fiber laser based on dispersion tuning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takubo, Y.; Yamashita, S.

    2014-05-01

    The broadband source with the arbitrary spectrum based on dispersion tuning technique was demonstrated. While a dispersion-tuned wavelength-swept laser is capable of fast and widely wavelength sweep, it can also be used as a broadband spectrally-flexible source by controlling the sweep waveform. It is the first demonstration of spectrallytunable source to the best of our knowledge. We used the dispersion-tuned laser as a broadband source for SD-OCT system by synchronizing sweep rate of a laser and exposure time of a CCD camera in SD-OCT system. We successfully obtained the images of an adhesive tape and a human finger.

  3. Fiber optic coherent laser radar 3d vision system

    SciTech Connect

    Sebastian, R.L.; Clark, R.B.; Simonson, D.L.

    1994-12-31

    Recent advances in fiber optic component technology and digital processing components have enabled the development of a new 3D vision system based upon a fiber optic FMCW coherent laser radar. The approach includes a compact scanner with no moving parts capable of randomly addressing all pixels. The system maintains the immunity to lighting and surface shading conditions which is characteristic of coherent laser radar. The random pixel addressability allows concentration of scanning and processing on the active areas of a scene, as is done by the human eye-brain system.

  4. Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Renninger, W. H.; Chong, A.; Wise, F. W.

    2008-02-15

    Mode-locked fiber lasers in which pulse shaping is based on filtering of a frequency-chirped pulse are analyzed with the cubic-quintic Ginzburg-Landau equation. An exact analytical solution produces a variety of temporal and spectral shapes, which have not been observed in any experimental setting to our knowledge. Experiments agree with the theory over a wide range of parameters. The observed pulses balance gain and loss as well as phase modulations, and thus constitute dissipative temporal solitons. The normal-dispersion fiber laser allows systematic exploration of this class of solitons.

  5. CO2-Laser Cutting Fiber Reinforced Polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mueller, R.; Nuss, Rudolf; Geiger, Manfred

    1989-10-01

    Guided by experimental investigations laser cutting of glass fiber reinforced reactive injection moulded (RRIM)-polyurethanes which are used e.g. in car industry for bumpers, spoilers, and further components is described. A Comparison with other cutting techniques as there are water jet cutting, milling, punching, sawing, cutting with conventional knife and with ultrasonic excited knife is given. Parameters which mainly influence cutting results e.g. laser power, cutting speed, gas nature and pressure will be discussed. The problematic nature in characterising micro and macro geometry of laser cut edges of fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) is explained. The topography of cut edges is described and several characteristic values are introduced to specify the obtained working quality. The surface roughness of laser cut edges is measured by both, an optical and a mechanical sensor and their reliabilities are compared.

  6. Er/Tm:fiber laser system for coherent Raman microscopy.

    PubMed

    Coluccelli, Nicola; Kumar, Vikas; Cassinerio, Marco; Galzerano, Gianluca; Marangoni, Marco; Cerullo, Giulio

    2014-06-01

    We present a novel architecture for a fiber-based hybrid laser system for coherent Raman microscopy, combining an amplified Er:fiber femtosecond oscillator with a Tm:fiber amplifier boosting the power of the 2-μm portion of a supercontinuum up to 300 mW. This is enough to obtain, by means of nonlinear spectral compression, sub-20-cm(-1) wide pump and Stokes pulses with 2500-3300  cm(-1) frequency detuning and average power at the 100-mW level. Application of this system to stimulated Raman scattering microscopy is discussed. PMID:24875984

  7. Coiled Fiber Pulsed Laser Simulator

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2009-01-29

    This suite of codes simulates the transient output pulse from an optically-pumped coiled fiber amplifier. The input pulse is assumed to have a Gaussian time dependence and a spatial dependence that may be Gaussian or an eigenmode of the straight of bent fiber computed using bend10 or bend20. Only one field component is used (semivectorial approximation). The fully-spatially-dependent fiber gain profile is specified is subroutines "inversion" and "interp_inversion" and is presently read from a datamore » file, although other means of specifying fiber gain could be reallized through modification of these subroutines. The input pulse is propagated through the fiber, including the following physical effects: spatial and temporal gain saturation, self-focusing, bend losses, and confinement from a user-defined fiber index profile. The user can follow the propagation progress with 3D graphics that show an intensity profile via user-modifiable cutting planes through the time space axes. A restart capability is also included. Approximate solutions in the frequency domain may be obtained much faster using the auxilliary codes bendbpm10 (full vector), bendbpm20 (semivectoral), and bendbpm21 (semivectoral with gain sheet spproximation for gain and self-focusing). These codes all include bend loss and spatial (but not temporal) gain saturation.« less

  8. Coiled Fiber Pulsed Laser Simulator

    SciTech Connect

    Hadley, G. Ronald

    2009-01-29

    This suite of codes simulates the transient output pulse from an optically-pumped coiled fiber amplifier. The input pulse is assumed to have a Gaussian time dependence and a spatial dependence that may be Gaussian or an eigenmode of the straight of bent fiber computed using bend10 or bend20. Only one field component is used (semivectorial approximation). The fully-spatially-dependent fiber gain profile is specified is subroutines "inversion" and "interp_inversion" and is presently read from a data file, although other means of specifying fiber gain could be reallized through modification of these subroutines. The input pulse is propagated through the fiber, including the following physical effects: spatial and temporal gain saturation, self-focusing, bend losses, and confinement from a user-defined fiber index profile. The user can follow the propagation progress with 3D graphics that show an intensity profile via user-modifiable cutting planes through the time space axes. A restart capability is also included. Approximate solutions in the frequency domain may be obtained much faster using the auxilliary codes bendbpm10 (full vector), bendbpm20 (semivectoral), and bendbpm21 (semivectoral with gain sheet spproximation for gain and self-focusing). These codes all include bend loss and spatial (but not temporal) gain saturation.

  9. Supercontinuum fiber lasers: new developments and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devine, Adam; Hooper, Lucy; Clowes, John

    2016-05-01

    In this talk we give an overview of recent advances in the development of high power supercontinuum fiber lasers with powers exceeding 50W and spectral brightness of tens of mW/nm. We also discuss the fundamental limitations of power scaling and spectral broadening and review the existing and emerging applications of this unique light source which combines the broadband properties of a light bulb with the spatial properties of a laser.

  10. Hybrid fiber-rod laser

    SciTech Connect

    Beach, Raymond J.; Dawson, Jay W.; Messerly, Michael J.; Barty, Christopher P. J.

    2012-12-18

    Single, or near single transverse mode waveguide definition is produced using a single homogeneous medium to transport both the pump excitation light and generated laser light. By properly configuring the pump deposition and resulting thermal power generation in the waveguide device, a thermal focusing power is established that supports perturbation-stable guided wave propagation of an appropriately configured single or near single transverse mode laser beam and/or laser pulse.

  11. Torsion sensing characteristics of long period fiber gratings fabricated by femtosecond laser in optical fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duan, Ji'an; Xie, Zheng; Wang, Cong; Zhou, Jianying; Li, Haitao; Luo, Zhi; Chu, Dongkai; Sun, Xiaoyan

    2016-09-01

    With the alignment of the fiber core systems containing dual-CCDs and high-precision electric displacement platform, twisted long period fiber gratings (T-LPFGs) were fabricated in two different twisted SMF-28 fibers by femtosecond laser. The torsion characteristics of the T-LPFGs were experimentally and theoretical investigated and demonstrated in this study. The achieved torsion sensitivity is 117.4 pm/(rad/m) in the torsion range -105-0 rad/m with a linearity of 0.9995. Experimental results show that compared with the ordinary long period fiber gratings, the resonance wavelength of the gratings presents an opposite symmetrical shift depending on the twisting direction after the applied torsion is removed. In addition, high sensitivity could be obtained, which is very suitable for the applications in the torsion sensor. These results are important for the design of new torsion sensors based on T-LPFGs fabricated by femtosecond laser.

  12. Fiber Optic Solutions for Short Pulse Lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Beach, R; Dawson, J; Liao, Z; Jovanovic, I; Wattellier, B; Payne, S; Barty, C P

    2003-01-29

    For applications requiring high beam quality radiation from efficient, compact and rugged sources, diffraction limited fiber lasers are ideal, and to date have been demonstrated at average CW power levels exceeding 100 W with near diffraction limited: output. For conventional single-core step-index single-mode fibers, this power level represents the sealing limit because of nonlinear and laser damage considerations. Higher average powers would exceed nonlinear process thresholds such as the Raman and stimulated Brillouin scattering limit, or else damage the fiber due to the high intensity level in the fiber's core. The obvious way to increase the average power capability of fibers is to increase the area of their core. Simply expanding the core dimensions of the fiber allows a straightforward power sealing due to enhanced nonlinear and power handling characteristics that scale directly with the core area. Femtosecond, chirped-pulse, fiber lasers with pulse energies greater than 1mJ have been demonstrated in the literature [2] using this technique. This output energy was still limited by the onset of stimulated Raman scattering. We have pursued an alternative and complimentary approach which is to reduce the intensity of light propagating in the core by distributing it more evenly across the core area via careful design of the refractive index profile [3]. We have also sought to address the primary issue that results from scaling the core. The enhanced power handling capability comes at the expense of beam quality, as increasing the core diameter in standard step index fibers permits multiple transverse modes to lase simultaneously. Although this problem of multimode operation can be mitigated to some extent by appropriately designing the fiber's waveguide structure, limitations such as bend radius loss, sensitivity to thermally induced perturbations of the waveguide structure, and refractive index control, all become more stringent as the core diameter grows

  13. Bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-VLLC transmission system based on an OEO-based BLS and a RSOA.

    PubMed

    Lu, Hai-Han; Li, Chung-Yi; Lu, Ting-Chien; Wu, Chang-Jen; Chu, Chien-An; Shiva, Ajay; Mochii, Takao

    2016-02-01

    A bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-visible-laser-light-communication (VLLC) transmission system based on an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO)-based broadband light source (BLS) and a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Through an in-depth observation of such bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-VLLC transmission systems, good bit error rate performances are obtained over a 40 km single-mode fiber and a 10 m RF/optical wireless transport. Such a bidirectional fiber-wireless and fiber-VLLC transmission system is an attractive option for providing broadband integrated services. PMID:26907401

  14. Constant Refractive Index Multi-Core Fiber Laser

    SciTech Connect

    Beach, R J; Feit, M D; Brasure, L D; Payne, S A; Mead, R W; Hayden, J S; Krashkevich, D; Alunni, D A

    2002-03-18

    A scalable fiber laser approach is described based on phase-locking multiple gain cores in an antiguided structure. The waveguide is comprised of periodic sequences of gain- and no-gain-loaded segments having uniform index, within the cladding region. Initial experimental results are presented.

  15. Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂).

    PubMed

    Woodward, R I; Kelleher, E J R; Howe, R C T; Hu, G; Torrisi, F; Hasan, T; Popov, S V; Taylor, J R

    2014-12-15

    We fabricate a few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) polymer composite saturable absorber by liquid-phase exfoliation, and use this to passively Q-switch an ytterbium-doped fiber laser, tunable from 1030 to 1070 nm. Self-starting Q-switching generates 2.88 μs pulses at 74 kHz repetition rate, with over 100 nJ pulse energy. We propose a mechanism, based on edge states within the bandgap, responsible for the wideband nonlinear optical absorption exhibited by our few-layer MoS₂ sample, despite operating at photon energies lower than the material bandgap. PMID:25607060

  16. Near and medium infrared optical fiber lasers and emerging applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prudenzano, F.; Mescia, L.; Allegretti, L.; De Sario, M.; D'Orazio, A.; Di Tommaso, A.; Palmisano, T.; Petruzzelli, V.

    2010-02-01

    Laser cavities emitting in the near and medium infrared wavelength range, made of rare earth doped optical fibers and suitable pairs of integrated mirrors, are used in a large number of applications. Nowadays, the efficient employment of near and medium infrared laser beams is largely widespread in the field of m*aterial processing, surgery, directed energy, remote sensing, spectroscopy, imaging, and so on. In a lot of cases, the high conversion efficiency, the excellent beam quality, the compactness and, the good heat dissipation capability make fiber lasers competitive and attractive with respect to other light sources, such as ion-doped crystal and bulk glass lasers, optical parametric oscillators, semiconductor and gas lasers. The paper aims to recall and/or briefly illustrate a few among the numerous strategies recently followed by research laboratories and industries to obtain laser sources based on rare earth doped optical fibres. A recall on the host materials and the dopants employed for their construction, and the corresponding applications is given, too. Moreover, an example of near infrared (NIR) fiber optic laser development, by employing available on market components is illustrated by underlining the possibility to easily obtain high beam quality.

  17. A passively mode locked thulium doped fiber laser using bismuth telluride deposited multimode interference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jung, M.; Lee, J.; Song, W.; Lee, J. H.; Shin, W.

    2016-03-01

    We experimentally demonstrate a passively mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser using a bismuth telluride deposited multimode interference (MMI) fiber at a wavelength of 1958 nm. Our MMI based saturable absorber was fabricated by fusion splicing with single mode fiber and null core fiber. The center wavelength and insertion loss of MMI fiber were measured to be ~ 1958 nm and 3.4 dB. We observed a passively mode locked thulium doped fiber laser operating at a wavelength of 1958 nm. The temporal pulse width of output pulses is 4.2 ps with repetition rate of 22.7 MHz.

  18. Simultaneous 1310/1550 dual-band swept laser source and fiber-based dual-band common-path swept source optical coherence tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Youxin; Chang, Shoude; Murdock, Erroll; Flueraru, Costel

    2011-08-01

    A simultaneous two wavelength band swept laser source and a fiber-based dual-band common-path swept source optical coherence tomography is reported. Simultaneous 1310/1550 dual-wavelength tuning is performed by using two fiber-ring cavities with corresponding optical semiconductor amplifier as their gain mediums and two narrowband optical filters with a single dual-window polygonal scanner. Measured average output powers of 60 mW and 27 mW have been achieved for 1310 and 1550 nm bands, respectively, while the two wavelengths were swept simultaneously from 1227 nm to 1387 nm for 1310 nm band and from 1519 nm to 1581 nm for 1550 nm band at an A-scan rate of 65 kHz. A broadband 1310/1550 wavelength-division multiplexing is used for coupling two wavelengths into a common-path single-mode GRIN-lensed fiber probe to form a dual-band common-path swept-source optical coherence tomography. Simultaneous OCT imaging at 1310 and 1550 nm is achieved by using a depth ratio correction method. This technique allows potentially for in vivo endoscopic high-speed functional OCT imaging with high quality spectroscopic contrast with low computational costs. On the other hand, the common path configuration is able to reject common mode noise and potentially implement high stability quantitative phase measurements.

  19. Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Popa, D.; Sun, Z.; Hasan, T.; Torrisi, F.; Wang, F.; Ferrari, A. C.

    2011-02-01

    We demonstrate a wideband-tunable Q-switched fiber laser exploiting a graphene saturable absorber. We get ˜2 μs pulses, tunable between 1522 and 1555 nm with up to ˜40 nJ energy. This is a simple and low-cost light source for metrology, environmental sensing, and biomedical diagnostics.

  20. Ultrafast pulses from a mid-infrared fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Hu, Tomonori; Jackson, Stuart D; Hudson, Darren D

    2015-09-15

    Ultrafast laser pulses at mid-infrared wavelengths (2-20 μm) interact strongly with molecules due to the resonance with their vibration modes. This enables their application in frequency comb-based sensing and laser tissue surgery. Fiber lasers are ideal to achieve these pulses, as they are compact, stable, and efficient. We extend the performance of these lasers with the production of 6.4 kW at a wavelength of 2.8 μm with complete electric field retrieval using frequency-resolved optical gating techniques. Contrary to the problems associated with achieving a high average power, fluoride fibers have now shown the capability of operating in the ultrafast, high-peak-power regime. PMID:26371902

  1. Monolithic mid-infrared fiber lasers for the 2-4 μm spectral region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fortin, Vincent; Bernier, Martin; Caron, Nicolas; Faucher, Dominic; El-Amraoui, Mohammed; Messaddeq, Younès.; Vallée, Réal

    2013-03-01

    A growing number of applications are calling for compact laser sources operating in the mid-infrared spectral region. A review of our recent work on monolithic fiber lasers based either on the use of rare-earth fluoride fibers or on Raman gain in both fluoride and chalcogenide glass fibers is presented. Accordingly, an erbium-doped double clad fluoride glass all-fiber laser operating in the vicinity of 3 μm is shown. In addition, we present recent results on the first demonstrations of both fluoride and chalcogenide Raman fiber lasers operating at 2.23 μm and 3.34 μm, respectively. It is shown that based on this approach, monolithic fiber lasers could be developed to cover the whole 2-4 μm spectral band.

  2. Optical fiber laser of multifrequency emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beltrán-Pérez, Georgina; Jacobo Aispuro, Liliana; Lucian Rocha, Froylan; Castillo Mixcóatl, Juan; Múñoz Aguirre, Severino

    2007-03-01

    The wavelength division multiplexor (WDM) has a great importance in the technology of the communications by optical fiber, is an economic and efficient form, to increase the capacity of transmission by several orders of magnitude, reason why it is desirable to have laser sources of multiple wavelengths in a system WDM, which, according to reported works, have been obtained using diverse types of filters. In this work we presented a laser of multifrequency emission, of Erbium doped optical fiber, tuned with an optical fiber filter. The configuration of the optical filter, presents high stability and low lost by insertion, independence to the changes of polarization, low powers of light entrance, and has an useful spectral wide. It has the advantage to have a simple design and easy manufacture in addition to his low losses.

  3. Laser Cutting of Carbon Fiber Fabrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuchs, A. N.; Schoeberl, M.; Tremmer, J.; Zaeh, M. F.

    Due to their high weight-specific mechanical stiffness and strength, parts made from carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP) are increasingly used as structural components in the aircraft and automotive industry. However, the cutting of preforms, as with most automated manufacturing processes for CFRP components, has not yet been fully optimized. This paper discusses laser cutting, an alternative method to the mechanical cutting of preforms. Experiments with remote laser cutting and gas assisted laser cutting were carried out in order to identify achievable machining speeds. The advantages of the two different processes as well as their fitness for use in mass production are discussed.

  4. Demonstration of optical parametric gain generation in the 1 μm regime based on a photonic crystal fiber pumped by a picosecond mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Lei; Yang, Si-Gang; Wang, Xiao-Jian; Gou, Dou-Dou; Chen, Hong-Wei; Chen, Ming-Hua; Xie, Shi-Zhong

    2014-01-01

    We report the experimental demonstration of the optical parametric gain generation in the 1 μm regime based on a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a zero group velocity dispersion (GVD) wavelength of 1062 nm pumped by a homemade tunable picosecond mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser. A broad parametric gain band is obtained by pumping the PCF in the anomalous GVD regime with a relatively low power. Two separated narrow parametric gain bands are observed by pumping the PCF in the normal GVD regime. The peak of the parametric gain profile can be tuned from 927 to 1038 nm and from 1099 to 1228 nm. This widely tunable parametric gain band can be used for a broad band optical parametric amplifier, large span wavelength conversion or a tunable optical parametric oscillator.

  5. High-power fiber laser studies at the Polaroid Corporation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muendel, Martin H.

    1998-06-01

    Current work on the Polaroid double-clad fiber laser is discussed. Experiments towards testing the upper power limits of fiber lasers are described. Models for the laser output in the rate-equation approximation, for the laser polarization state, and for the axial-mode-beating noise are presented and compared to experiment.

  6. Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuznetsov, A. G.; Podivilov, E. V.; Babin, S. A.

    2015-03-01

    A new scheme providing actively Q-switched operation of a Raman fiber laser (RFL) has been proposed and tested. The RFL consists of a 1 km single-mode fiber with a switchable loop mirror at one end and an angled cleaved output end. An 1080 nm pulse with microsecond duration is generated at the output by means of acousto-optic switching of the mirror at ~30 kHz in the presence of 6 W backward pumping at 1030 nm. In the proposed scheme, the generated pulse energy is defined by the pump energy distributed along the passive fiber, which amounts to 30 μJ in our case. The available pump energy may be increased by means of fiber lengthening. Pulse shortening is also expected.

  7. Pulse bundles and passive harmonic mode-locked pulses in Tm-doped fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiong; Zhou, Pu; Wang, Xiaolin; Xiao, Hu; Liu, Zejin

    2014-03-10

    We demonstrate the nanosecond-level pulses in Tm-doped fiber laser generated by passively harmonic mode-locking. Nonlinear polarization rotation performed by two polarization controllers (PCs) is employed to induce the self-starting harmonic mode-locking. The fundamental repetition rate of the laser is 448.8 kHz, decided by the length of the cavity. Bundles of pulses with up to 17 uniform subpulses are generated due to the split of pulse when the pump power increases and the PCs are adjusted. Continuous harmonic mode-locked pulse trains are obtained with 1st to 6th and even more than 15th order when the positions of the PCs are properly fixed and the pump power is scaled up. The widths of all the uniform individual pulses are mostly 3-5 ns, and pulse with width of 304 ns at fundamental repetition rate can also be generated by adjusting the PCs. Hysteresis phenomenon of the passively harmonic mode-locked pulses' repetition frequency versus pump power is observed. The rather wide 3dB spectral bandwidth of the pulse train (25 nm) indicates that they may resemble noise-like pulses. PMID:24663948

  8. Femtosecond mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on MoS2-PVA saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, M. H. M.; Latiff, A. A.; Arof, H.; Ahmad, H.; Harun, S. W.

    2016-08-01

    We fabricate a free-standing few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)-polymer composite by liquid phase exfoliation of chemically pristine MoS2 crystals and use this to demonstrate a soliton mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL). A stable self-started mode-locked soliton pulse is generated by fine-tuning the rotation of the polarization controller at a low threshold pump power of 25 mW. Its solitonic behavior is verified by the presence of Kelly sidebands in the output spectrum. The central wavelength, pulse width, and repetition rate of the laser are 1573.7 nm, 630 fs, and 27.1 MHz, respectively. The maximum pulse energy is 0.141 nJ with peak power of 210 W at pump power of 170 mW. This result contributes to the growing body of work studying the nonlinear optical properties of transition metal dichalcogenides that present new opportunities for ultrafast photonic applications.

  9. Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} topological insulator

    SciTech Connect

    Sotor, J. Sobon, G.; Abramski, K. M.; Grodecki, K.

    2014-06-23

    In this Letter, we demonstrate a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser incorporating antimony telluride (Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}) topological insulator (TI) as a saturable absorber (SA). The laser was capable of generating 270 fs-short soliton pulses at 1560 nm wavelength, which are the shortest solitons generated with a TI-based saturable absorber so far. In order to form a saturable absorber, a bulk piece of Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} was deposited on a side-polished single-mode fiber with the presence of a low refractive index polymer. Such saturable absorber exhibits modulation depth at the level of 6% with less than 3 dB of non-saturable losses. Our study shows that TI-based saturable absorbers with evanescent field interaction might compete with SAs based on carbon nanomaterials, like graphene or nanotubes. Additionally, thanks to the interaction with the evanescent field, the material is not exposed to high optical power, which allows to avoid optical or thermal damage.

  10. An LSPR fiber optic sensor based on in-line micro-holes fabricated by a second harmonic 400nm femtosecond laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shiraishi, Masahiko; Goya, Kenji; Seki, Atsushi; Watanabe, Kazuhiro

    2016-02-01

    In this study, we have proposed a novel type of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) fiber optic sensor based on in-line/pico-liter micro-holes which can be experimentally fabricated into the fiber waveguide by using a second harmonic 400 nm femtosecond laser. A repetitive pulse train of 1 kHz with a pulse width of 350 fs was irradiated onto a MMGI fiber optic to make three holes that penetrate through the fiber core and work as spectroscopic-microfluidic flow cells. In order to induce the interaction between transmitted light and gold nanoparticles (GNPs) adhered on the inner surface of the flow cells, micro-holes were designed to be the width of approximately 50 μm, along a direction perpendicular to an optical axis of an optical fiber. GNPs with approximately 100 nm of particle diameter adhered onto the inner surface according to 3-aminopropyltriethoxy silane treatment. The transmitted light through the micro-holes was obtained by optical instruments consisted of a white light source and an optical spectrum analyzer. In order to obtain the reference spectrum, the optical spectrum was acquired before dipping the sensor into the GNPs solution. After 30 min of immersing the sensor portion into the GNPs solution, the optical spectrum was also obtained. The reference spectrum which was considered as the baseline, was set to zero and then, the absorbance spectrum was calculated. The absorbance peak at a wavelength of 537 nm occurred in an air condition in the sensing area, which seemed like the resonance peak based on the LSPR.

  11. Use of hollow core fibers, fiber lasers, and photonic crystal fibers for spark delivery and laser ignition in gases

    SciTech Connect

    Joshi, Sachin; Yalin, Azer P.; Galvanauskas, Almantas

    2007-07-01

    The fiber-optic delivery of sparks in gases is challenging as the output beam must be refocused to high intensity ({approx}200 GW/cm2 for nanosecond pulses). Analysis suggests the use of coated hollow core fibers, fiber lasers, and photonic crystal fibers (PCFs). We study the effects of launch conditions and bending for 2 m long coated hollow fibers and find an optimum launch f of {approx}55 allowing spark formation with {approx}98% reliability for bends up to a radius of curvature of 1.5 m in atmospheric pressure air. Spark formation using the output of a pulsed fiber laser is described, and delivery of 0.55 mJ pulses through PCFs is shown.

  12. Fiber Coupled Laser Diodes with Even Illumination Pattern

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, Richard T. (Inventor)

    2007-01-01

    An optical fiber for evenly illuminating a target. The optical fiber is coupled to a laser emitting diode and receives laser light. The la ser light travels through the fiber optic and exits at an exit end. T he exit end has a diffractive optical pattern formed thereon via etch ing, molding or cutting, to reduce the Gaussian profile present in co nventional fiber optic cables The reduction of the Gaussian provides an even illumination from the fiber optic cable.

  13. Fiber lasers and amplifiers for science and exploration at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krainak, Michael A.; Abshire, James; Allan, Graham R.; Stephen Mark

    2005-01-01

    We discuss present and near-term uses for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers for NASA- specific applications including planetary topography and atmospheric spectroscopy. Fiber lasers and amplifiers offer numerous advantages for both near-term and future deployment of instruments on exploration and science remote sensing orbiting satellites. Ground-based and airborne systems provide an evolutionary path to space and a means for calibration and verification of space-borne systems. We present experimental progress on both the fiber transmitters and instrument prototypes for ongoing development efforts. These near-infrared instruments are laser sounders and lidars for measuring atmospheric carbon dioxide, oxygen, water vapor and methane and a pseudo-noise (PN) code laser ranging system. The associated fiber transmitters include high-power erbium, ytterbium, neodymium and Raman fiber amplifiers. In addition, we will discuss near-term fiber laser and amplifier requirements and programs for NASA free space optical communications, planetary topography and atmospheric spectroscopy.

  14. QUANTITATIVE DETECTION OF ENVIRONMENTALLY IMPORTANT DYES USING DIODE LASER/FIBER-OPTIC RAMAN

    EPA Science Inventory

    A compact diode laser/fiber-optic Raman spectrometer is used for quantitative detection of environmentally important dyes. This system is based on diode laser excitation at 782 mm, fiber optic probe technology, an imaging spectrometer, and state-of-the-art scientific CCD camera. ...

  15. All fiber laser using a ring cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flores, Alberto Varguez; Pérez, Georgina Beltrán; Aguirre, Severino Muñoz; Mixcóatl, Juan Castillo

    2008-04-01

    Mode-locked laser have a number of potential applications, depending on the wavelength and pulse width. They could be used as sources in communications systems for time division multiplexing (TDM) or wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) as spectroscopic tools in the laboratory for time-resolved studies of fast nonlinear phenomena in semiconductors, or as seeds for solid-state amplifers such as Nd:Glass, color center alexandrite, or Ti:Sapphire. Short pulses also have potential use in electro-optic sampling systems, as a source for pulsed sensors, or as tunable seed pulses for lasers in medical applications. Applications such as optical coherent tomography could take advantage of the broad bandwidth of a mode-locked fiber laser rather that the temporal ultra-short pulse width. This work shows the characterization of active mode-locking all-fiber laser by using an acousto-optic frequency shifter to the ring cavity, an erbium doped fiber (EDF) and polarization controllers (PC). The results shows a highly stable mode-locked, low noise of pulse generation with repetition rate of 10 MHz and width of 1.6 ns

  16. Polarization-modulated random fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Han; Wang, Zinan; He, Qiheng; Fan, Mengqiu; Li, Yunqi; Sun, Wei; Zhang, Li; Li, Yi; Rao, Yunjiang

    2016-05-01

    In this letter, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a polarization-modulated random fiber laser (RFL) for the first time. It is found that the output power of the half-opened RFL with polarized pumping is sensitive to the state of polarization (SOP) of the Stokes light in a fiber loop acting as a mirror. By inserting a polarization switch (PSW) in the loop mirror, the state of the random lasing can be switched between on/off states, thus such a polarization-modulated RFL can generate pulsed output with high extinction ratio.

  17. DFB fiber laser hydrophone with band-pass response.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Faxiang; Zhang, Wentao; Li, Fang; Liu, Yuliang

    2011-11-15

    A distributed-feedback fiber laser hydrophone with band-pass response is presented. The design of the hydrophone aims to equalize static pressure and eliminate signal aliasing of high-frequency acoustic components. Theoretical analysis is presented based on electro-acoustic theory. The experimental results agree well with the theory. The measured underwater responses show that the hydrophone has a pressure sensitivity of -170 dB re:pm/μPa over a bandwidth between 100 Hz and 500 Hz. A sensitivity reduction exceeding -35 dB is observed at 2500 Hz. The tested static pressure sensitivity of the hydrophone is -226 dB. The proposed fiber laser hydrophone of this kind is expected to have important application in deep water fiber-optic sonar systems with anti-aliasing, and the understanding gained through this work can be extended to a guide of hydrophone design for required filtering bandwidth. PMID:22089550

  18. Multi-watt 589nm fiber laser source

    SciTech Connect

    DAWSON, J W; DROBSHOFF, A D; BEACH, R J; MESSERLY, M J; PAYNE, S A; BROWN, A; PENNINGTON, D M; BAMFORD, D J; SHARPE, S J; COOK, D J

    2006-01-19

    We have demonstrated 3.5W of 589nm light from a fiber laser using periodically poled stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate (PPSLT) as the frequency conversion crystal. The system employs 938nm and 1583nm fiber lasers, which were sum-frequency mixed in PPSLT to generate 589nm light. The 938nm fiber laser consists of a single frequency diode laser master oscillator (200mW), which was amplified in two stages to >15W using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers. The fiber amplifiers operate at 938nm and minimize amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing a specialty fiber design, which maximizes the core size relative to the cladding diameter. This design allows the 3-level laser system to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the competing 1088nm 4-level laser transition. At 15W, the 938nm laser has an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >15:1). The 1583nm fiber laser consists of a Koheras 1583nm fiber DFB laser that is pre-amplified to 100mW, phase modulated and then amplified to 14W in a commercial IPG fiber amplifier. As a part of our research efforts we are also investigating pulsed laser formats and power scaling of the 589nm system. We will discuss the fiber laser design and operation as well as our results in power scaling at 589nm.

  19. Multiplexing of six micro-displacement suspended-core Sagnac interferometer sensors with a Raman-Erbium fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Bravo, Mikel; Fernández-Vallejo, Montserrat; Echapare, Mikel; López-Amo, Manuel; Kobelke, J; Schuster, K

    2013-02-11

    This work experimentally demonstrates a long-range optical fiber sensing network for the multiplexing of fiber sensors based on photonic crystal fibers. Specifically, six photonic crystal fiber sensors which are based on a Sagnac interferometer that includes a suspended-core fiber have been used. These sensors offer a high sensitivity for micro-displacement measurements. The fiber sensor network presents a ladder structure and its operation mode is based on a fiber ring laser which combines Raman and Erbium doped fiber amplification. Thus, we show the first demonstration of photonic crystal fiber sensors for remote measurement applications up to 75 km. PMID:23481755

  20. Ultra-long fiber Raman lasers: design considerations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koltchanov, I.; Kroushkov, D. I.; Richter, A.

    2015-03-01

    In frame of the European Marie Currie project GRIFFON [http://astonishgriffon.net/] the usage of a green approach in terms of reduced power consumption and maintenance costs is envisioned for long-span fiber networks. This shall be accomplished by coherent transmission in unrepeatered links (100 km - 350 km) utilizing ultra-long Raman fiber laser (URFL)-based distributed amplification, multi-level modulation formats, and adapted Digital Signal Processing (DSP) algorithms. The URFL uses a cascaded 2-order pumping scheme where two (co- and counter-) ˜ 1365 nm pumps illuminate the fiber. The URFL oscillates at ˜ 1450 nm whereas amplification is provided by stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) of the ˜ 1365 nm pumps and the optical feedback is realized by two Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) at the fiber ends reflecting at 1450 nm. The light field at 1450 nm provides amplification for signal waves in the 1550 nm range due to SRS. In this work we present URFL design studies intended to characterize and optimize the power and noise characteristics of the fiber links. We use a bidirectional fiber model describing propagation of the signal, pump and noise powers along the fiber length. From the numerical solution we evaluate the on/off Raman gain and its bandwidth, the signal excursion over the fiber length, OSNR spectra, and the accumulated nonlinearities. To achieve best performance for these characteristics the laser design is optimized with respect to the forward/backward pump powers and wavelengths, input/output signal powers, reflectivity profile of the FBGs and other parameters.

  1. Megawatt peak power, 1 kHz, 266 nm sub nanosecond laser source based on single-crystal fiber amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deyra, Loïc; Martial, Igor; Balembois, François; Diderjean, Julien; Georges, Patrick

    2013-06-01

    We report the realization of a UV source based on the fourth harmonic generation with LBO/BBO of a Nd:YAG passively Q-switched oscillator amplified in a single-crystal fiber. With careful optimization of the nonlinear components and parameters, we obtain 530 mW average power at 266 nm with pulses of 540 ps at the repetition rate of 1 kHz, which represents a 22.7 % total conversion efficiency from IR to UV and nearly 1 MW peak power. The beam quality M 2 is measured to be below 2.

  2. High power 1018 nm monolithic Yb3+-doped fiber laser and amplifier High power 1018 nm monolithic Yb3+-doped fiber laser and amplifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, H.; Zhou, P.; Wang, X. L.; Guo, S. F.; Xu, X. J.

    2012-10-01

    In this letter high power monolithic 1018 nm fiber laser and amplifier are presented. The output characteristics of 1018 nm laser with amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) feedback, fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) reflectivity, gain fiber length and other parameters are experimentally investigated. The difference between 1018 and 1064 nm amplification are also compared in experiment. Based on these experimental results, we find viable approaches to improve the laser and amplifier's performances. 85 W 1018 nm fiber laser with a slope efficiency of 71% and 110 W 1018 nm fiber amplifier with the slope efficiency of 77% are achieved, both of which we believe are the highest output at this wavelength that ever reported in open detail.

  3. MOPA pulsed fiber laser for silicon scribing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Limei; Huang, Wei; Deng, Mengmeng; Li, Feng

    2016-06-01

    A 1064 nm master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) pulsed fiber laser is developed with flexible control over the pulse width, repetition frequency and peak power, and it is used to investigate the dependence of mono-crystalline silicon scribe depth on the laser pulse width, scanning speed and repeat times. Experimental results indicate that long pulses with low peak powers lead to deep ablation depths. We also demonstrate that the ablation depth grows fast with the scanning repeat times at first and progressively tends to be saturated when the repeat times reach a certain level. A thermal model considering the laser pulse overlapping effect that predicts the silicon temperature variation and scribe depth is employed to verify the experimental conclusions with reasonably close agreement. These conclusions are of great benefits to the optimization of the laser material processing with high efficiency.

  4. High-beam quality, high-efficiency laser based on fiber with heavily Yb(3+)-doped phosphate core and silica cladding.

    PubMed

    Egorova, O N; Semjonov, S L; Medvedkov, O I; Astapovich, M S; Okhrimchuk, A G; Galagan, B I; Denker, B I; Sverchkov, S E; Dianov, E M

    2015-08-15

    We have fabricated and tested a composite fiber with an Yb(3+)-doped phosphate glass core and silica cladding. Oscillation with a slope efficiency of 74% was achieved using core pumping at 976 nm with fiber lengths of 48-90 mm in a simple laser configuration, where the cavity was formed by a high-reflectivity Bragg grating and the cleaved fiber end. The measured M(2) factors were as low as 1.05-1.22 even though the fiber was multimode at the lasing wavelength. PMID:26274654

  5. Photoacoustic spectroscopy detection and extraction of discharge feature gases in transformer oil based on 1.5 μ tunable fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Zhiying; gong, Yinhai; Yu, Qingxu

    2013-05-01

    Information from the analysis of gasses dissolved in insulating oils is valuable for early a transformer maintenance. By means of dissolved gas analysis (DGA), it is possible to distinguish faults such as partial discharge (corona), overheating (pyrolysis) and arcing in a great variety of oil-filled equipment. Tunable fiber laser-based second harmonic photoacoustic spectroscopy offers a fast and good-noise-immunity technique for the quantitative analysis of trace gases in transformer oil. In this work, the discharge feature gases, such as C2H2, CH4, CO2 and H2O, were measured with a tunable laser photoacoustic spectrometer at the 1530.3709 nm transition line, as a typical application of precise measurement of multi-gas, a proposed BSS model based on overcomplete ICA basis and five-point-sampling method based on a created weight-truncation-constraint equation was used to remove noise so that several fault gases can be extracted with a higher detection accuracy and a method detection limit. Experiment shows that within 0.15 nm band near 1530.3709 nm, the four-gas contents have been detected and extracted and the detection accuracy has been improved from available scanning spacing of 0.03 nm to available extracting spacing of 0.0011 nm. At room temperature and atmospheric pressure, this can achieve simultaneous detection for multiple feature gases in discharged transformer oil using laser source with a limited waveband.

  6. Fiber amplifiers and lasers in Yb:silica

    SciTech Connect

    Wilcox, R.B.; Browning, D.F.; Feit, M.D.; Nyman, B.

    1996-11-15

    We have measured gain and saturation in sing;e mode Yb:silica fiber, and developed fiber lasers and amplifiers at 1053 nm. The lasers are tunable over 10`s of nanometers, with amplifier gain flattened by fiber gratings or dielectric filters.

  7. Broad-Area Laser Diode With Fiber-Optic Injection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hazel, Geoffrey; Mead, Patricia; Davis, Christopher; Cornwell, Donald

    1992-01-01

    Fiber-optic injection-locked broad-area laser diode features single-mode output via fiber-optic injection and serves as compact, rugged, high-power near-infrared source. Useful in free-space and fiber-optic communication links, as communication-receiver preamplifier, and pump source for solid-state lasers.

  8. 980 nm narrow linewidth Yb-doped phosphate fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Pingxue; Yao, Yifei; Hu, Haowei; Chi, Junjie; Yang, Chun; Zhao, Ziqiang; Zhang, Guangju

    2014-12-01

    A narrow-linewidth ytterbium (Yb)-doped phosphate fiber laser based on fiber Bragg grating (FBG) operating around 980 nm is reported. Two different kinds of cavity are applied to obtain the 980 nm narrow-linewidth output. One kind of the cavity consists of a 0.35 nm broadband lindwidth high-reflection FBG and the Yb-doped phosphate fiber end with 0° angle, which generates a maximum output power of 25 mW. The other kind of resonator is composed of a single mode Yb-doped phosphate fiber and a pair of FBGs. Over 10.7 mW stable continuous wave are obtained with two longitudinal modes at 980 nm. We have given a detailed analysis and discussion for the results.

  9. Blackening of metals using femtosecond fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Huang, Huan; Yang, Lih-Mei; Bai, Shuang; Liu, Jian

    2015-01-10

    This study presents an unprecedented high throughput processing for super-blackening and superhydrophobic/hydrophilic surface on both planar and nonplanar metals surfaces. By using a high pulse repetition rate femtosecond (fs) fiber laser, a light trapping microstructure and nanostructure is generated to absorb light from UV, visible to long-wave infrared spectral region. Different types of surface structures are produced with varying laser scanning conditions (scanning speed and pitch). The modified surface morphologies are characterized using scanning electron microscope and the blackening effect is investigated through spectral measurements. Spectral measurements show that the reflectance of the processed materials decreases sharply in a wide wavelength range and the decrease occurs at different rates for different scanning pitches and speeds. Above 98% absorption over the entire visible wavelength region and above 95% absorption over the near-infrared, middle-wave infrared and long-wave infrared regions range has been demonstrated for the surface structures, and the absorption for specific wavelengths can go above 99%. Furthermore, the processing efficiency of this fs fiber laser blackening technique is 1 order of magnitude higher than that of solid-state fs laser and 4 times higher than that of picosecond (ps) laser. Further increasing of the throughput is expected by using higher repetition and higher scanning speed. This technology offers the great potential in applications such as constructing sensitive detectors and sensors, solar energy absorber, and biomedicine. PMID:25967633

  10. Laser cutting of carbon fiber reinforced thermo-plastics (CFRTP) by single-mode fiber laser irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niino, Hiroyuki; Kawaguchi, Yoshizo; Sato, Tadatake; Narazaki, Aiko; Kurosaki, Ryozo; Muramatsu, Mayu; Harada, Yoshihisa; Anzai, Kenji; Aoyama, Mitsuaki; Matsushita, Masafumi; Furukawa, Koichi; Nishino, Michiteru; Fujisaki, Akira; Miyato, Taizo; Kayahara, Takashi

    2014-03-01

    We report on the laser cutting of carbon fiber reinforced thermo-plastics (CFRTP) with a cw IR fiber laser (single-mode fiber laser, average power: 350 W). CFRTP is a high strength composite material with a lightweight, and is increasingly being used various applications. A well-defined cutting of CFRTP which were free of debris and thermal-damages around the grooves, were performed by the laser irradiation with a fast beam galvanometer scanning on a multiple-scanpass method.

  11. Drilling with fiber-transmitted, visible lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Kautz, D.D.; Berzins, L.V.; Dragon, E.P.; Werve, M.E.; Warner, B.E.

    1994-02-17

    High power and radiance copper-vapor laser technology developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory shows great promise for many materials processing tasks. The authors recently transmitted the visible light produced by these lasers through fiber optics to perform hole drilling experiments. They found the tolerances on the hole circulatory and cylindricity to be excellent when compared to that produced by conventional optics. This technique lends itself to many applications that are difficult to perform when using conventional optics, including robotic manipulation and hole drilling in non-symmetric parts.

  12. Mechanical reliability of double clad fibers in typical fiber laser deployment conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walorny, Michael; Abramczyk, Jaroslaw; Jacobson, Nick; Tankala, Kanishka

    2016-03-01

    With the rapid acceptance of fiber lasers and amplifiers for various materials processing and defense applications the long term optical and mechanical reliability of the fiber laser, and therefore the components that make up the laser, is of significant interest to the industrial and defense communities. The double clad fiber used in a fiber laser is a key component whose lifetime in typical deployment conditions needs to be understood. The optical reliability of double clad fiber has recently been studied and a predictive model of fiber lifetime has been published. In contrast, a rigorous model for the mechanical reliability of the fiber and an analysis of the variables affecting the lifetime of the fiber in typical deployment conditions has not been studied. This paper uses the COST-218 model which is widely used for analyzing the mechanical lifetime of fiber used in the telecom industry. The factors affecting lifetime are analyzed to make the reader aware of the design choices a laser manufacturer can make, and the information they must seek from fiber suppliers, to ensure excellent lifetime for double clad fiber and consequently for the fiber laser. It is shown that the fiber's stress corrosion susceptibility, its proof strength, the coil diameter and the length of fiber coiled to achieve good beam quality all have important implications on fiber lifetime.

  13. Bi2Te3 based passively Q-switched fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam emission.

    PubMed

    Yan, Ke; Lin, Jian; Zhou, Yong; Gu, Chun; Xu, Lixin; Wang, Anting; Yao, Peijun; Zhan, Qiwen

    2016-04-10

    We report a passively Q-switched fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output modes using a few-mode fiber Bragg grating as a polarization-selective output coupler and Bi2Te3 as the saturable absorber. Both radially and azimuthally polarized beams can be readily generated, and the output polarization can be switchable by tuning the polarization controllers inside the laser cavity. The repetition rate of the Q-switched laser can be tuned from 31.54 to 49.40 kHz when the pump power increases from 103.5 to 139.5 mW. The fiber laser operates at a single wavelength of 1557.5 nm with a 3 dB linewidth of <0.04  nm. PMID:27139870

  14. Temporal-Talbot-effect-based preprocessing for pattern-effect reduction in all-optical clock recovery using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based fiber ring laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oiwa, Masaki; Minami, Shunsuke; Tsuji, Kenichiro; Onodera, Noriaki; Saruwatari, Masatoshi

    2010-01-01

    We propose and experimentally demonstrate the temporal-Talbot-effect (TTE)-based preprocessing for the pattern-effect reduction in the all-optical clock recovery using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier (SOA)-based fiber ring laser (SOA-FRL). The TTE-based preprocessing successfully reduced the pattern effects of the recovered clock pulses, so that the 10-GHz clear optical clock pulses were recovered from a 10-Gbit/s return-to-zero on-off keying (RZ-OOK) pseudo-random bit sequence (PRBS) optical signal. "Peak variation" and "Pattern-dependent intensity noise (PDIN)" were proposed and were utilized as parameters to quantitatively evaluate the pattern effects, from which recovered clock pulses suffer, in the temporal domain and the frequency domain, respectively. Peak variation was reduced from 77.2% to 36.2%, and PDIN was improved from -103 dBc/Hz to -110 dBc/Hz with the aid of the TTE-based preprocessing. Furthermore, we examined the tolerance of the proposed technique by intentionally deviating the input signal's bit-rate by ±190 Mbit/s (±2% of the bit-rate) from the optimum condition for the TTE. As compared with the PDIN value for the pulse train obtained by the direct injection of the non-processed signal into the SOA-FRL, the PDIN of the recovered clock pulses using the preprocessed signal indicated improvements over the entire measurement range of ±190 Mbit/s, which corresponds to the wavelength-dispersion deviation of ±56 ps/nm (±4% of the wavelength-dispersion applied to the input signal) from the optimum value.

  15. Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, S.; Inoue, Y.; Maruyama, S.; Murakami, Y.; Yaguchi, H.; Jablonski, M.; Set, S. Y.

    2004-07-01

    We present novel carbon-nanotube-based saturable absorbers. Using the low-temperature alcohol catalytic chemical-vapor deposition method, high-quality single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were directly synthesized on quartz substrates and fiber ends. We successfully applied the SWNTs to mode lock a fiber laser producing subpicosecond pulses at a 50-MHz repetition rate.

  16. Theory of a random fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolokolov, I. V.; Lebedev, V. V.; Podivilov, E. V.; Vergeles, S. S.

    2014-12-01

    We develop the theory explaining the role of nonlinearity in generation of radiation in a fiber laser that is pumped by external light. The pumping energy is converted into the generating signal due to the Raman scattering supplying an effective gain for the signal. The signal is generated with frequencies near the one corresponding to the maximum value of the gain. Generation conditions and spectral properties of the generated signal are examined. We focus mainly on the case of a random laser where reflection of the signal occurs on impurities of the fiber. From the theoretical standpoint, kinetics of a wave system close to an integrable one are investigated. We demonstrate that in this case, the perturbation expansion in the kinetic equation has to use the closeness to the integrable case.

  17. Theory of a random fiber laser

    SciTech Connect

    Kolokolov, I. V. Lebedev, V. V.; Podivilov, E. V.; Vergeles, S. S.

    2014-12-15

    We develop the theory explaining the role of nonlinearity in generation of radiation in a fiber laser that is pumped by external light. The pumping energy is converted into the generating signal due to the Raman scattering supplying an effective gain for the signal. The signal is generated with frequencies near the one corresponding to the maximum value of the gain. Generation conditions and spectral properties of the generated signal are examined. We focus mainly on the case of a random laser where reflection of the signal occurs on impurities of the fiber. From the theoretical standpoint, kinetics of a wave system close to an integrable one are investigated. We demonstrate that in this case, the perturbation expansion in the kinetic equation has to use the closeness to the integrable case.

  18. High-power gain-switched Tm(3+)-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Tang, Yulong; Xu, Lin; Yang, Yi; Xu, Jianqiu

    2010-10-25

    Gain-switched by a 1.914-µm Tm:YLF crystal laser, a two-stage Tm(3+) fiber laser has been achieved 100-W level ~2-µm pulsed laser output with a slope efficiency of ~52%. With the 6-m length of Tm fiber, the laser wavelength was centered at 2020 nm with a bandwidth of ~25 nm. Based on an acousto-optic switch, the pulse repetition rate can be modulated from 500 Hz to 50 kHz, and the laser pulse width can be tuned between 75 ns and ~1 µs. The maximum pulse energy was over 10 mJ, and the maximum pulse peak power was 138 kW. By using the fiber-coiling-induced mode-filtering effect, laser beam quality of M2 = 1.01 was obtained. Further scaling the pulse energy and average power from such kind of gain-switched fiber lasers was also discussed. PMID:21164635

  19. Components for monolithic fiber chirped pulse amplification laser systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Swan, Michael Craig

    The first portion of this work develops techniques for generating femtosecond-pulses from conventional fabry-perot laser diodes using nonlinear-spectral-broadening techniques in Yb-doped positive dispersion fiber ampliers. The approach employed an injection-locked fabry-perot laser diode followed by two stages of nonlinear-spectral-broadening to generate sub-200fs pulses. This thesis demonstrated that a 60ps gain-switched fabry-perot laser-diode can be injection-locked to generate a single-longitudinal-mode pulse and compressed by nonlinear spectral broadening to 4ps. Two problems have been identified that must be resolved before moving forward with this approach. First, gain-switched pulses from a standard diode-laser have a number of characteristics not well suited for producing clean self-phase-modulation-broadened pulses, such as an asymmetric temporal shape, which has a long pulse tail. Second, though parabolic pulse formation occurs for any arbitrary temporal input pulse profile, deviation from the optimum parabolic input results in extensively spectrally modulated self-phase-modulation-broadened pulses. In conclusion, the approach of generating self-phase-modulation-broadened pulses from pulsed laser diodes has to be modified from the initial approach explored in this thesis. The first Yb-doped chirally-coupled-core ber based systems are demonstrated and characterized in the second portion of this work. Robust single-mode performance independent of excitation or any other external mode management techniques have been demonstrated in Yb-doped chirally-coupled-core fibers. Gain and power efficiency characteristics are not compromised in any way in this novel fiber structure up to the 87W maximum power achieved. Both the small signal gain at 1064nm of 30.3dB, and the wavelength dependence of the small signal gain were comparable to currently deployed large-mode-area-fiber technology. The efficiencies of the laser and amplifier were measured to be 75% and 54

  20. Characterization of laser-driven shock waves in solids using a fiber optic pressure probe

    SciTech Connect

    Cranch, Geoffrey A.; Lunsford, Robert; Grun, Jacob; Weaver, James; Compton, Steve; May, Mark; Kostinski, Natalie

    2013-11-08

    Measurement of laser-driven shock wave pressure in solid blocks of polymethyl methacrylate is demonstrated using fiber optic pressure probes. Three probes based on a fiber Fabry–Perot, fiber Bragg grating, and interferometric fiber tip sensor are tested and compared. Shock waves are generated using a high-power laser focused onto a thin foil target placed in close proximity to the test blocks. The fiber Fabry–Perot sensor appears capable of resolving the shock front with a rise time of 91 ns. As a result, the peak pressure is estimated, using a separate shadowgraphy measurement, to be 3.4 GPa.

  1. High Power Fiber Lasers and Applications to Manufacturing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richardson, Martin; McComb, Timothy; Sudesh, Vikas

    2008-09-01

    We summarize recent developments in high power fiber laser technologies and discuss future trends, particularly in their current and future use in manufacturing technologies. We will also describe our current research programs in fiber laser development, ultra-fast and new lasers, and will mention the expectations in these areas for the new Townes Laser Institute. It will focus on new core laser technologies and their applications in medical technologies, advanced manufacturing technologies and defense applications. We will describe a program on large mode area fiber development that includes results with the new gain-guiding approach, as well as high power infra-red fiber lasers. We will review the opportunities for high power fiber lasers in various manufacturing technologies and illustrate this with applications we are pursuing in the areas of femtosecond laser applications, advanced lithographies, and mid-IR technologies.

  2. Optical pulse generation using fiber lasers and integrated optics

    SciTech Connect

    Wilcox, R.B.; Browning, D.F.; Burkhart, S.C.; VanWonterghem, B.W.

    1995-03-27

    We have demonstrated an optical pulse forming system using fiber and integrated optics, and have designed a multiple-output system for a proposed fusion laser facility. Our approach is an advancement over previous designs for fusion lasers, and an unusual application of fiber lasers and integrated optics.

  3. Fiber Bragg grating in large-mode-area fiber for high power fiber laser applications.

    PubMed

    Mohammed, Waleed; Gu, Xijia

    2010-10-01

    Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) are indispensable components in the design of monolithic high-power fiber lasers. As the laser power scales up, the adoption of larger-mode-area fibers with high V numbers poses new challenges for FBG design and fabrication. In this paper, we present the simulation, fabrication, and measurement of the FBGs inscribed on large-mode-area fibers. The simulation used the T-matrix approach to calculate the spectral response of the FBG that matched well with the measured spectra. The observed fringes in the reflection spectrum are explained by the interference between the low-order modes that were also confirmed with the simulation. Some unique features of the FBG and their potential applications are discussed. PMID:20885465

  4. Wide and fast wavelength-swept fiber lasers based on dispersion tuning for real-time OCT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, S.; Takubo, Y.

    2014-05-01

    Swept-Source Optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) is a powerful tool for fast medical imaging. For the real-time 3D imaging, the wide tuning range over 100 nm and fast sweep rate over 100 kHz are typically required. We recently proposed a new wavelength-swept laser for SS-OCT. It is based on a principle called dispersion tuning. Since the cavity contains no mechanical components, such as tunable filters, we could achieve the very high sweep rate. In this review paper, we describe the principle of the dispersion-tuned swept lasers in detail and present our recent works on the application to the SS-OCT system.

  5. Proximal fiber tip damage during Holmium:YAG and thulium fiber laser ablation of kidney stones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Christopher R.; Hardy, Luke A.; Irby, Pierce B.; Fried, Nathaniel M.

    2016-02-01

    The Thulium fiber laser (TFL) is being studied as an alternative to Holmium:YAG laser for lithotripsy. TFL beam originates within an 18-μm-core thulium doped silica fiber, and its near single mode, Gaussian beam profile enables transmission of higher laser power through smaller fibers than possible during Holmium laser lithotripsy. This study examines whether TFL beam profile also reduces proximal fiber tip damage compared to Holmium laser multimodal beam. TFL beam at wavelength of 1908 nm was coupled into 105-μm-core silica fibers, with 35-mJ energy, 500-μs pulse duration, and pulse rates of 50-500 Hz. For each pulse rate, 500,000 pulses were delivered. Magnified images of proximal fiber surfaces were taken before and after each trial. For comparison, 20 single-use, 270-μm-core fibers were collected after clinical Holmium laser lithotripsy procedures using standard settings (600 mJ, 350 μs, 6 Hz). Total laser energy, number of laser pulses, and laser irradiation time were recorded, and fibers were rated for damage. For TFL studies, output power was stable, and no proximal fiber damage was observed after delivery of 500,000 pulses at settings up to 35 mJ, 500 Hz, and 17.5 W average power. In contrast, confocal microscopy images of fiber tips after Holmium lithotripsy showed proximal fiber tip degradation in all 20 fibers. The proximal fiber tip of a 105-μm-core fiber transmitted 17.5 W of TFL power without degradation, compared to degradation of 270-μm-core fibers after transmission of 3.6 W of Holmium laser power. The smaller and more uniform TFL beam profile may improve fiber lifetime, and potentially reduce costs for the surgical disposables as well.

  6. Fiber Bragg grating interrogation technique for remote sensing (100km) using a hybrid Brillouin-Raman fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernandez-Vallejo, M.; Leandro, D.; Loayssa, A.; Lopez-Amo, M.

    2011-05-01

    We propose and demonstrate the feasibility of a novel Fiber Bragg Grating interrogation technique for remote sensing based on the use of a hybrid Raman-Brillouin fiber laser configuration. The laser comprises 100 km of standard singlemode fiber (SMF) in a linear cavity configuration with four Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) arranged in series. The FBGs are used both for the sensing function and for the selection of the lasing wavelengths. A wavelength-swept laser pumps Brillouin gain in the fiber cavity, which is previously set just under lasing threshold by the Raman gain. Furthermore, the sensor signal is detected in the radio frequency domain instead of the optical domain so as to avoid signal to noise ratio limitations produced by Rayleigh scattering. Experimental results demonstrate that the shift of the Bragg wavelength of the FBG sensors can be precisely measured with good signal to noise ration when the FBG are used for temperature sensing.

  7. Comparative study of continuous wave Tm3+-doped silica and fluoride fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eichhorn, M.; Jackson, S. D.

    2008-01-01

    We compare Tm3+-doped silica and fluoride fiber lasers in continuous wave operation using the same experimental setup. For incident pump powers of up to 50 W, the fluoride fiber is shown to have higher output power and efficiency compared to silica and reaches a maximum output power of 20 W at 1.94 μm. A slope efficiency of 49% (41%) and a maximum optical-to-optical efficiency of 45% (35%) at an incident pump power of 25 W (37 W) were determined for the fluoride (silica) fibers, respectively. These optical-to-optical efficiencies are the highest reported for directly diode-pumped Tm3+-based fiber lasers. We establish that in free-running mode, fiber lasers using fluoride glass are temporally more stable than fiber lasers using a silica host.

  8. Multichannel fiber-based diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for the rat brain exposed to a laser-induced shock wave: comparison between ipsi- and contralateral hemispheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyaki, Mai; Kawauchi, Satoko; Okuda, Wataru; Nawashiro, Hiroshi; Takemura, Toshiya; Sato, Shunichi; Nishidate, Izumi

    2015-03-01

    Due to considerable increase in the terrorism using explosive devices, blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) receives much attention worldwide. However, little is known about the pathology and mechanism of bTBI. In our previous study, we found that cortical spreading depolarization (CSD) occurred in the hemisphere exposed to a laser- induced shock wave (LISW), which was followed by long-lasting hypoxemia-oligemia. However, there is no information on the events occurred in the contralateral hemisphere. In this study, we performed multichannel fiber-based diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for the rat brain exposed to an LISW and compared the results for the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres. A pair of optical fibers was put on the both exposed right and left parietal bone; white light was delivered to the brain through source fibers and diffuse reflectance signals were collected with detection fibers for both hemispheres. An LISW was applied to the left (ipsilateral) hemisphere. By analyzing reflectance signals, we evaluated occurrence of CSD, blood volume and oxygen saturation for both hemispheres. In the ipsilateral hemispheres, we observed the occurrence of CSD and long-lasting hypoxemia-oligemia in all rats examined (n=8), as observed in our previous study. In the contralateral hemisphere, on the other hand, no occurrence of CSD was observed, but we observed oligemia in 7 of 8 rats and hypoxemia in 1 of 8 rats, suggesting a mechanism to cause hypoxemia or oligemia or both that is (are) not directly associated with CSD in the contralateral hemisphere.

  9. Coherence transfer of subhertz-linewidth laser light via an 82-km fiber link

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Chaoqun; Wu, Lifei; Jiang, Yanyi; Yu, Hongfu; Bi, Zhiyi; Ma, Longsheng

    2015-12-01

    We demonstrate optical coherence transfer of subhertz-linewidth laser light through fiber links by actively compensating random fiber phase noise induced by environmental perturbations. The relative linewidth of laser light after transferring through a 32-km urban fiber link is suppressed within 1 mHz (resolution bandwidth limited), and the absolute linewidth of the transferred laser light is less than 0.36 Hz. For an 82-km fiber link, a repeater station is constructed between a 32-km urban fiber and a 50-km spooled fiber to recover the spectral purity. A relative linewidth of 1 mHz is also demonstrated for light transferring through the 82-km cascaded fiber. Such an optical signal distribution network based on repeater stations allows optical coherence and synchronization available over spatially separated places.

  10. Thulium fiber laser damage to the ureter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Christopher R.; Hardy, Luke A.; Irby, Pierce B.; Fried, Nathaniel M.

    2015-07-01

    Our laboratory is studying experimental thulium fiber laser (TFL) as a potential alternative lithotripter to the clinical gold standard Holmium:YAG laser. Safety studies characterizing undesirable Holmium laser-induced damage to ureter tissue have been previously reported. Similarly, this study characterizes TFL induced ureter and stone basket damage. A TFL beam with pulse energy of 35 mJ, pulse duration of 500 μs, and pulse rates of 150-500 Hz was delivered through a 100-μm-core, low-OH, silica optical fiber to the porcine ureter wall, in vitro. Ureter perforation times were measured and gross, histological, and optical coherence tomography images of the ablation zone were acquired. TFL operation at 150, 300, and 500 Hz produced mean ureter perforation times of 7.9, 3.8, and 1.8 s, respectively. Collateral damage averaged 510, 370, and 310 μm. TFL mean perforation time exceeded 1 s at each setting, which is a greater safety margin than previously reported during Holmium laser ureter perforation studies.

  11. A random Q-switched fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Tang, Yulong; Xu, Jianqiu

    2015-01-01

    Extensive studies have been performed on random lasers in which multiple-scattering feedback is used to generate coherent emission. Q-switching and mode-locking are well-known routes for achieving high peak power output in conventional lasers. However, in random lasers, the ubiquitous random cavities that are formed by multiple scattering inhibit energy storage, making Q-switching impossible. In this paper, widespread Rayleigh scattering arising from the intrinsic micro-scale refractive-index irregularities of fiber cores is used to form random cavities along the fiber. The Q-factor of the cavity is rapidly increased by stimulated Brillouin scattering just after the spontaneous emission is enhanced by random cavity resonances, resulting in random Q-switched pulses with high brightness and high peak power. This report is the first observation of high-brightness random Q-switched laser emission and is expected to stimulate new areas of scientific research and applications, including encryption, remote three-dimensional random imaging and the simulation of stellar lasing. PMID:25797520

  12. Fiber laser at 2 μm for soft tissue surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Aditi; Pal, Debasis; Sen, Ranjan; Pal, Atasi

    2014-11-01

    Strong water absorption at 2 μm generated recent interest in lasers at this wavelength for soft tissue surgery. A fiber Bragg grating-based, all-fiber, continuous-wave, cladding pumped, thulium-doped fiber laser at 1.95 μm is configured. The thulium-doped active fiber with octagonal-shaped inner cladding is pumped at 808 nm (total power of 17 W) with six laser diodes through a combiner. The laser power of 3.3 W (after elimination of unabsorbed pump power through a passive fiber) with slope efficiency of 23% (against launched pump power) is achieved. The linear variation of laser power with pump offers scope of further power scaling.

  13. Constant peak-power single-frequency linearly-polarized all-fiber laser for coherent detection based on closed-loop feedback technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ding, Yaqian; Zhang, Xiang; Li, Dong; Wang, Dapeng; Zhang, Renzhong; Song, Chengying; Che, Haozhao; Wang, Rui; Guo, Baoling; Chen, Guanghui

    2015-10-01

    In this paper, a practical single-frequency high-repetition linearly-polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with constant peak power is demonstrated. It is based on master-oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system. A distributed feedback laser diode simulating at 1550nm with narrow linewidth of 2.3 kHz is employed as the seed source. It is modulated to a pulse laser with high repetition of 20 kHz and peak power of 10mW by an acousto-optic modulator (AOM). The pulse width is tunable between 100ns to 400ns. Two-stage cascade amplifier is established, which consists of a pre-amplifier and a power-amplifier. Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) and stimulated billion scattering are well suppressed by special management. The output peak power of 30W is obtained, which has nearly diffraction-limited beam quality. It operates in linewidth of 1.2MHz, polarization-extinction ratio (PER) of 25dB and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of more than 40dB. Gain of the whole amplifier achieves nearly 35dB. Furthermore, an embedded control system (ECS) based on the WinCE operating system (OS) and the chip of S3C2440 is proposed. This control system based on closed-loop feedback technology makes the peak power keeping constant even the pulse width tunable, which is convenient for the end user of the radar. This robust portable laser is remarkable and fulfills the desire of coherent detection excellently.

  14. High Energy, Narrow Linewidth 1572nm Eryb-Fiber Based MOPA for a Multi-Aperture CO2 Trace-Gas Laser Space Transmitter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Engin, Doruk; Mathason, Brian; Stephen, Mark; Yu, Anthony; Cao, He; Fouron, Jean-Luc; Storm, Mark

    2016-01-01

    Accurate global measurements of tropospheric CO2 mixing ratios are needed to study CO2 emissions and CO2 exchange with the land and oceans. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is developing a pulsed lidar approach for an integrated path differential absorption (IPDA) lidar to allow global measurements of atmospheric CO2 column densities from space. Our group has developed, and successfully flown, an airborne pulsed lidar instrument that uses two tunable pulsed laser transmitters allowing simultaneous measurement of a single CO2 absorption line in the 1570 nm band, absorption of an O2 line pair in the oxygen A-band (765 nm), range, and atmospheric backscatter profiles in the same path. Both lasers are pulsed at 10 kHz, and the two absorption line regions are sampled at typically a 300 Hz rate. A space-based version of this lidar must have a much larger lidar power-area product due to the x40 longer range and faster along track velocity compared to airborne instrument. Initial link budget analysis indicated that for a 400 km orbit, a 1.5 m diameter telescope and a 10 second integration time, a 2 mJ laser energy is required to attain the precision needed for each measurement. To meet this energy requirement, we have pursued parallel power scaling efforts to enable space-based lidar measurement of CO2 concentrations. These included a multiple aperture approach consists of multi-element large mode area fiber amplifiers and a single-aperture approach consists of a multi-pass Er:Yb:Phosphate glass based planar waveguide amplifier (PWA). In this paper we will present our laser amplifier design approaches and preliminary results.

  15. Short pulse dynamics in a linear cavity fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Razukov, Vadim A.; Melnikov, Leonid A.

    2016-04-01

    New suitable numerical scheme is proposed for simulation of dynamics of oppositely running pulses in a fiber laser with linear cavity. The proposed model allows to include various temporal and spatial effects which affect the laser dynamics. The pulse evolution in the fiber cavity with perfect reflectors at the fiber ends with accounting of fiber group velocity dispersion and self-phase modulation is demonstrated.

  16. Development and evaluation of fiber optic probe-based helium-neon low-level laser therapy system for tissue regeneration--an in vivo experimental study.

    PubMed

    Prabhu, Vijendra; Rao, Satish B S; Rao, Nageshwara B; Aithal, Kiran B; Kumar, Pramod; Mahato, Krishna K

    2010-01-01

    We report the design and development of an optical fiber probe-based Helium-Neon (He-Ne) low-level laser therapy system for tissue regeneration. Full thickness excision wounds on Swiss albino mice of diameter 15 mm were exposed to various laser doses of 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 10 J cm(-2) of the system with appropriate controls, and 2 J cm(-2) showing optimum healing was selected. The treatment schedule for applying the selected laser dose was also standardized by irradiating the wounds at different postwounding times (0, 24 and 48 h). The tissue regeneration potential was evaluated by monitoring the progression of wound contraction and mean wound healing time along with the hydroxyproline and glucosamine estimation on wound ground tissues. The wounds exposed to 2 J cm(-2) immediately after wounding showed considerable contraction on days 5, 9, 12, 14, 16 and 19 of postirradiation compared with the controls and other treatment schedules, showing significant (P < 0.001) decrease in the healing time. A significant increase in hydroxyproline and glucosamine levels was observed for the 2 J cm(-2) irradiation group compared with the controls and other treatment groups. In conclusion, the wounds treated with 2 J cm(-2) immediately after the wounding show better healing compared with the controls. PMID:20735808

  17. Laser beam application with high power fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beyer, Eckhard; Brenner, Berndt; Morgenthal, Lothar

    2007-05-01

    With the new industrial high power fiber lasers we have already stepped into a new generation of laser applications. These lasers are smaller, better, more cost-effective, and offer a processing "on the fly." Of utmost importance is their excellent beam quality which enables us to reduce the size of the focussing head including the scanning mirrors. With the reduced mass of the mirrors we can reach scanning frequencies up to 1.5 kHz and in special configurations up to 4 kHz. Using such mirrors with this high beam quality we can shape the key hole geometry, and thus it is possible to decrease the keyhole spiking, which always occur in the case of deep penetration welding. We can generate very thin and deep welding seams, which we have only experienced with electron beam welding. The excellent beam quality of the fiber lasers offers us a lot of new applications from deep penetration welding to high speed welding. By using beam scanning we are able to easily change the beam and the seam geometry. Furthermore, it is possible to work with this kind of laser from a distance of some meters between focussing/scanning head and the work piece. This technique is called remote processing or processing "on the fly." The excellent beam quality also enables us to cut very precisely, and due to the small cutting widths with a very high speed. In this case the main problem is that the roughness of the cutting edge increases a little bit. One reason for this is that we cannot blow out the mold as easily as we can do it with higher cutting widths. There are also polarized fiber lasers on the market where we can use the Brewster effect for different applications. The presentation will cover some physical basics including different industrial applications.

  18. 105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiong; Jin, Xiaoxi; Zhou, Pu; Wang, Xiaolin; Xiao, Hu; Liu, Zejin

    2015-02-23

    We present a high power ultra-narrowband pulsed fiber amplifier at 2 μm. A single frequency fiber laser was modulated by a phase modulator and an intensity modulator to serve as the ultra-narrowband pulsed seed laser with a bandwidth of 307 MHz. The pulsed seed laser was amplified by a monolithic Tm-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA). The average output power reaches 105 W with a slope efficiency of 0.41. The output pulse train has a repetition rate of 1 MHz and a pulse width of 66 ns. The output power is limited by the onset of stimulated Brillouin scattering. Higher output power can be achieved by further broadening the linewidth or narrowing the pulse width to several nanoseconds. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration on a monolithic ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed MOPA at 2 μm with an average power exceeding 100 W. PMID:25836461

  19. High-brightness 9xxnm fiber coupled diode lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Rui; Jiang, Xiaochen; Yang, Thomas; He, Xiaoguang; Gao, Yanyan; Zhu, Jing; Zhang, Tujia; Guo, Weirong; Wang, Baohua; Guo, Zhijie; Zhang, Luyan; Chen, Louisa

    2015-03-01

    We developed a high brightness fiber coupled diode laser module providing more than 140W output power from a 105μm NA 0.15 fiber at the wavelength of 915nm.The high brightness module has an electrical to optical efficiency better than 45% and power enclosure more than 90% within NA 0.13. It is based on multi-single emitters using optical and polarization beam combining and fiber coupling technique. With the similar technology, over 100W of optical power into a 105μm NA 0.15 fiber at 976nm is also achieved which can be compatible with the volume Bragg gratings to receive narrow and stabilized spectral linewidth. The light within NA 0.12 is approximately 92%. The reliability test data of single and multiple single emitter laser module under high optical load are also presented and analyzed using a reliability model with an emitting aperture optimized for coupling into 105μm core fiber. The total MTTF shows exceeding 100,000 hours within 60% confidence level. The packaging processes and optical design are ready for commercial volume production.

  20. Photonic crystal fiber for fundamental mode operation of multicore fiber lasers and amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Chun-can; Zhang, Fan; Geng, Rui; Liu, Chu; Ning, Ti-gang; Tong, Zhi; Jian, Shui-sheng

    2008-11-01

    A mode-selection method based on a single-mode photonic crystal fiber (PCF) in the multicore fiber (MCF) lasers is presented. The designed PCF has a central core region formed by a missing air-hole, and three air-hole rings. With an appropriate choice of the design parameters of the PCF, the power coupling between the fundamental mode (FM) of the PCF and the fundamental MCF mode can be much higher than those between the FM and the other supermodes. As a result, the fundamental MCF mode has the maximum power reflection coefficient on the right-hand side of the MCF laser cavity, and dominates the output laser power. Since the maximum power of the fundamental MCF mode will lead to the desired laser beam profile, higher the fraction of the fundamental MCF mode power contained in the total output power contributes to higher beam quality. The numerical simulations show that the effectiveness of the fundamental MCF mode-selection is higher in the MCF lasers with the PCF as a mode-selection component than in the MCF lasers based on the free-space Talbot cavity method. Additionally, for the MCF amplifiers, an approach is presented to decrease the sensitivity of the amplifier performance to the variation of Gaussian beam waist utilizing the coupling between the Gaussian beam and the FM of the PCF. The numerical results show that this method can effectively increase the design flexibility for a broad range of the Gaussian beam waist.

  1. Industrial fiber beam delivery system for ultrafast lasers: applications and recent advances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eilzer, Sebastian; Funck, Max C.; Wedel, Björn

    2016-03-01

    Fiber based laser beam delivery is the method of choice for high power laser applications whenever great flexibility is required. For cw-lasers fiber beam delivery has long been established but has recently also become available for ultrafast lasers. Using micro-structured hollow core fibers that guide the laser beam mostly inside a hollow core, nonlinear effects and catastrophic damage that arise in conventional glass fibers can be avoided. Today, ultrafast pulses with several 100 μJ and hundreds of MW can be transmitted in quasi single mode fashion. In addition, the technology opens new possibilities for beam delivery systems as the pulse propagation inside the fiber can be altered on purpose. For example to shorten the pulse duration of picosecond lasers down into the femtosecond regime. We present a modular fiber beam delivery system for micromachining applications with industrial pico- and femtosecond lasers that is flexibly integrated into existing applications. Micro-structured hollow core fibers inside the sealed laser light cable efficiently guide high-power laser pulses over distances of several meters with excellent beam quality, while power, pulse duration and polarization are maintained. Robust and stable beam transport during dynamic operation as in robot or gantry systems will be discussed together with optional pulse compression.

  2. Flexible hollow polycarbonate fiber for endoscopic infrared laser treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakazawa, Masayuki; Shi, Yi-Wei; Iwai, Katsumasa; Matsuura, Yuji; Zhu, Xiao-Song; Miyagi, Mitsunobu

    2007-07-01

    For endoscopic application, inexpensive, safe, and extremely flexible hollow infrared optical fibers have been fabricated based on the polycarbonate (PC) capillary with silver and cyclic olefin polymer (COP) as inner coatings. By optimizing the drawing condition of PC capillary from a commercially available polycarbonate tube and inner-coating process, transmission efficiency of hollow PC fibers is shown to be equal to those of glass capillary based ones. Both Er:YAG laser light and green pilot beam were delivered through the endoscope with low losses even when it was sharply bent with a bending radius as small as 1 centimeter. Preliminary experiments were also conducted on possibility of transmitting infrared thermal image by using bundled silver-coated PC hollow fibers.

  3. Dispersion measurements of mode-locked fiber laser components

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Louthain, James A.; Hayduk, Michael J.; Erdmann, Reinhard K.

    2000-07-01

    Precise control of the dispersion within mode-locked laser cavities can lead to optical pulse compression and reduced timing jitter of mode-locked lasers. Two simple measurement techniques are used to provide a complete picture of the dispersion within an erbium doped mode-locked fiber laser cavity. We measured the optical dispersion of erbium-doped fiber, standard single mode fiber, and chirped Bragg gratings. We built a Michelson interferometer with a wideband LED source to measure the dispersion of fiber lengths of less than 1 meter. Next, we measured the dispersion of chirped Bragg gratings using a network analyzer and a tunable laser in a differential phase measurement technique.

  4. Switchable dual-wavelength SOA-based fiber laser with continuous tunability over the C-band at room-temperature.

    PubMed

    Ummy, M A; Madamopoulos, N; Razani, M; Hossain, A; Dorsinville, R

    2012-10-01

    We propose and demonstrate a simple compact, inexpensive, SOA-based, dual-wavelength tunable fiber laser, that can potentially be used for photoconductive mixing and generation of waves in the microwave and THz regions. A C-band semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) is placed inside a linear cavity with two Sagnac loop mirrors at its either ends, which act as both reflectors and output ports. The selectivity of dual wavelengths and the tunability of the wavelength difference (Δλ) between them is accomplished by placing a narrow bandwidth (e.g., 0.3 nm) tunable thin film-based filter and a fiber Bragg grating (with bandwidth 0.28 nm) inside the loop mirror that operates as the output port. A total output power of + 6.9 dBm for the two wavelengths is measured and the potential for higher output powers is discussed. Optical power and wavelength stability are measured at 0.33 dB and 0.014 nm, respectively. PMID:23188300

  5. Erbium-doped fiber lasers as deep-sea hydrophones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bagnoli, P. E.; Beverini, N.; Bouhadef, B.; Castorina, E.; Falchini, E.; Falciai, R.; Flaminio, V.; Maccioni, E.; Morganti, M.; Sorrentino, F.; Stefani, F.; Trono, C.

    2006-11-01

    The present work describes the development of a hydrophone prototype for deep-sea acoustic detection. The base-sensitive element is a single-mode erbium-doped fiber laser. The high sensitivity of these sensors makes them particularly suitable for a wide range of deep-sea acoustic applications, including geological and marine mammals surveys and above all as acoustic detectors in under-water telescopes for high-energy neutrinos.

  6. Development of a flow injection analysis (FIA) system for the measurement of heavy metals using a fiber optic chemical sensor based on laser-induced fluorescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jingdong; Prestel, Harald; Gahr, Achim; Niessner, Reinhard

    2000-05-01

    The development of a fiber optic sensor system is described, for the on-line detection of heavy metal ions in water. This is based on laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy of suitable metal-ligand complexes. The sensor system is designed to measure heavy metal ions in the field. Flow injection analysis (FIA) is coupled with the sensor system, to overcome problems of a slow diffusion rate of heavy metals through the membrane of an in situ sensor head. Preliminary experiments show the new FIA system has good reproducibility, a high sample analysis rate and it can measure heavy metal ions (Cu(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II)) at the ppb level, when using the appropriate ligands.

  7. Powerful 2-μm all-fiber laser sources pumped by Raman fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiong; Zhou, Pu; Zhang, Hanwei; Jin, Xiaoxi; Wang, Xiaolin; Xiao, Hu; Liu, Zejin

    2014-11-01

    We present novel and powerful pump schemes for fiber laser sources operating near 2 μm, which employing high power Raman fiber lasers (RFLs) to provide sufficient pump light. Firstly, we demonstrate a Tm-doped fiber laser (TDFL) pumped by two RFLs at 1173 nm. The output power of the TDFL reached 96 W with slope efficiency of 0.42, and the central wavelength located at 1943.3 nm. This is the first TDFL with 100 W-level output power pumped by RFLs around Tm3+ ions' ~1200 nm absorption band. Secondly, we demonstrate a Ho-doped fiber laser (HDFL) employing a 1150 nm RFL as pump source. The 1150 nm RFL provided 110 W pump power and the output power of the HDFL reached 42 W with slope efficiency of 0.37. The lasing wavelength covered from 2046.8 nm to 2049.5 nm with optical signal-to-noise ratio more than 30 dB. This is the first HDFL pumped by a 1150 nm RFL and the highest output power achieved at this pump band. In the last, we present a high power Ho-doped fiber (HDF) superfluorescent source (SS) pumped by a 1150 nm RFL. The SS's output power reached 1.5 W, and the full width at half maximum was about 30 nm. This is the highest output power achieved in HDF as far as we know. The results above indicate promising and powerful pump schemes to achieve higher power output in fiber lasers near 2 μm, which also can be further improved by optimizing the parameters of the sources.

  8. Passively stabilized 215-W monolithic CW LMA-fiber laser with innovative transversal mode filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stutzki, Fabian; Jauregui, Cesar; Voigtländer, Christian; Thomas, Jens U.; Limpert, Jens; Nolte, Stefan; Tünnermann, Andreas

    2010-02-01

    We report on the development of a high power monolithic CW fiber oscillator with an output power of 215 W in a 20μm core diameter few-mode Large Mode Area fiber (LMA). The key parameters for stable operation are reviewed. With these optimizations the root mean square of the output power fluctuations can be reduced to less than 0.5 % on a timescale of 20 s, which represents an improvement of more than a factor 5 over a non-optimized fiber laser. With a real-time measurement of the mode content of the fiber laser it can be shown that the few-mode nature of LMA fibers is the main factor for the residual instability of our optimized fiber laser. The root of the problem is that Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) written in multimode fibers exhibit a multi-peak reflexion spectrum in which each resonance corresponds to a different transversal mode. This reflectivity spectrum stimulates multimode laser operation, which results in power and pointing instabilities due to gain competition between the different transversal modes . To stabilize the temporal and spatial behavior of the laser output, we propose an innovative passive in-fiber transversal mode filter based on modified FBG-Fabry Perot structure. This structure provides different reflectivities to the different transversal modes according to the transversal distribution of their intensity profile. Furthermore, this structure can be completely written into the active fiber using fs-laser pulses. Moreover, this concept scales very well with the fiber core diameter, which implies that there is no performance loss in fibers with even larger cores. In consequence this structure is inherently power scalable and can, therefore, be used in kW-level fiber laser systems.

  9. Property and Shape Modulation of Carbon Fibers Using Lasers.

    PubMed

    Blaker, Jonny J; Anthony, David B; Tang, Guang; Shamsuddin, Siti-Ros; Kalinka, Gerhard; Weinrich, Malte; Abdolvand, Amin; Shaffer, Milo S P; Bismarck, Alexander

    2016-06-29

    An exciting challenge is to create unduloid-reinforcing fibers with tailored dimensions to produce synthetic composites with improved toughness and increased ductility. Continuous carbon fibers, the state-of-the-art reinforcement for structural composites, were modified via controlled laser irradiation to result in expanded outwardly tapered regions, as well as fibers with Q-tip (cotton-bud) end shapes. A pulsed laser treatment was used to introduce damage at the single carbon fiber level, creating expanded regions at predetermined points along the lengths of continuous carbon fibers, while maintaining much of their stiffness. The range of produced shapes was quantified and correlated to single fiber tensile properties. Mapped Raman spectroscopy was used to elucidate the local compositional and structural changes. Irradiation conditions were adjusted to create a swollen weakened region, such that fiber failure occurred in the laser treated region producing two fiber ends with outwardly tapered ends. Loading the tapered fibers allows for viscoelastic energy dissipation during fiber pull-out by enhanced friction as the fibers plough through a matrix. In these tapered fibers, diameters were locally increased up to 53%, forming outward taper angles of up to 1.8°. The tensile strength and strain to failure of the modified fibers were significantly reduced, by 75% and 55%, respectively, ensuring localization of the break in the expanded region; however, the fiber stiffness was only reduced by 17%. Using harsher irradiation conditions, carbon fibers were completely cut, resulting in cotton-bud fiber end shapes. Single fiber pull-out tests performed using these fibers revealed a 6.75-fold increase in work of pull-out compared to pristine carbon fibers. Controlled laser irradiation is a route to modify the shape of continuous carbon fibers along their lengths, as well as to cut them into controlled lengths leaving tapered or cotton-bud shapes. PMID:27227575

  10. Tutorial on fiber-based sources for biophotonic applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, James R.

    2016-06-01

    Fiber-based lasers and master oscillator power fiber amplifier configurations are described. These allow spectral versatility coupled with pulse width and pulse repetition rate selection in compact and efficient packages. This is enhanced through the use of nonlinear optical conversion in fibers and fiber-coupled nonlinear crystals, which can be integrated to provide all-fiber pump sources for diverse application. The advantages and disadvantages of sources based upon supercontinuum generation, stimulated Raman conversion, four-wave mixing, parametric generation and difference frequency generation, allowing spectral coverage from the UV to the mid-infrared, are considered.

  11. Towards ten-watt-level 3-5 µm Raman lasers using tellurite fiber.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Gongwen; Geng, Lixiang; Zhu, Xiushan; Li, Li; Chen, Qian; Norwood, R A; Manzur, T; Peyghambarian, N

    2015-03-23

    Raman lasers based on mid-infrared fibers operating at 3-5 µm atmospheric transparency window are attractive sources for several applications. Compared to fluoride and chalcogenide fibers, tellurite fibers are more advantageous for high power Raman fiber laser sources at 3-5 µm because of their broader Raman gain bandwidth, much larger Raman shift and better physical and chemical properties. Here we report on our simulations for the development of 10-watt-level 3-5 µm Raman lasers using tellurite fibers as the nonlinear gain medium and readily available continuous-wave (cw) and Q-switched erbium-doped fluoride fiber lasers at 2.8 µm as the pump sources. Our results show that a watt-level or even ten-watt-level fiber laser source in the 3-5 µm atmospheric transparency window can be achieved by utilizing the 1st- and 2nd-order Raman scattering in the tellurite fiber. The presented numerical study provides valuable guidance for future 3-5 um Raman fiber laser development. PMID:25837094

  12. Single-frequency gain-switched Ho-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Geng, Jihong; Wang, Q.; Luo, T.; Case, B.; Jiang, S.; Amzajerdian, Farzin; Yu, Jirong

    2012-10-01

    We demonstrate a single-frequency gain-switched Ho-doped fiber laser based on heavily doped silicate glass fiber fabricated in house. A Q-switched Tm-doped fiber laser at 1.95μm was used to gain-switch the Ho-doped fiber laser via in-band pumping. Output power of the single-frequency gain-switched pulses has been amplified in a cladding-pumped Tm-Ho-codoped fiber amplifier with 1.2m active fiber pumped at 803nm. Two different nonlinear effects, i.e., modulation instability and stimulated Brillouin scattering, could be seen in the 10μm-core fiber amplifier when the peak power exceeds 3kW. The single-frequency gain-switched fiber laser was operated at 2.05μm, a popular laser wavelength for Doppler lidar application. This is the first demonstration of this kind of fiber laser.

  13. Multi-beam Laser Doppler Vibrometer with fiber sensing head

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phua, P. B.; Fu, Y.; Guo, M.; Liu, H.

    2012-06-01

    Laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV) is a well known technique to measure the motions, vibrations and mode shapes of structures and machine components. Photodetector-based LDV can only offer a point-wise measurement. However, it is possible to scan the laser beam to build up a vibrometric image. These scanning laser Doppler vibrometers (SLDV) assume that the measurement conditions remain invariant while multiple and identical, sequential measurements are performed. This assumption makes SLDVs impractical to do measurement on transient events. In this paper, we introduce a new method of generating multiple laser beams with different frequency shifts. The laser beams are projected on different points, and the reflected beams interfere with a common reference beam. The cross-talk among object beams can be bypassed with a proper selection of frequency shifts. A simultaneous vibration measurement on multiple points is realized using a single photodetector. Based on the proposed spatial-encoding technology, a self-synchronized prototype of fiber-based multipoint laser Doppler vibrometer at 1550nm wavelength is developed. An addition red pilot laser is used for aiming purpose. It has the flexibility to measure the vibration of different points on various surfaces. The prototype is used to measure the vibration of different points on a cantilever beam and a plate. The measured results match well with simulation results using finite element method (FEM).

  14. TECHNICAL NOTE: Development of fiber Bragg grating sensor system using wavelength-swept fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryu, Chi-Young; Hong, Chang-Sun

    2002-06-01

    Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors based on the wavelength division multiplexing technology are ideally suited for structural health monitoring. In many applications, it is desirable to form several arrays of optical fiber sensors to monitor the response of structures. In the present study, we constructed an improved FBG sensor system using a wavelength-swept fiber laser which exhibits high output power for several sensor arrays. A fiber cavity etalon was also fabricated for the calibration of the nonlinear output wavelength of a laser and for scaling the information in the wavelength domain for signal processing. The constructed FBG sensor system with the fiber cavity etalon and a reference FBG was applied for strain measurements of a laminated composite panel under axial compressive loading. In order to monitor the structural strain in real time, the signal-processing program was constructed using LabVIEW software for storing and visualizing data from the FBG sensors. Experiments showed that the constructed FBG sensor system and the real-time signal-processing program could successfully monitor the strain of composite laminates. This improved FBG sensor system could be useful for large structures which require a large number of sensor arrays.

  15. Dynamic fiber Bragg grating strain sensor using a wavelength-locked tunable fiber ring laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Yinian; Krishnaswamy, Sridhar

    2012-04-01

    The interrogation systems based on fiber-optic sensors are very attractive for the practical applications in structural health monitoring owing to a number of advantages of optical fiber elements over their electronic counterparts. Among the fiber-optic sensors, the fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) have their own unique features to be widely used for detection of acoustic emission. We have developed a dynamic strain sensing system by using a tunable single longitudinal mode Erbium-doped fiber ring laser to be locked to the middle-reflection wavelength of the FBG as the demodulation technique. A proportional-integral-derivative device continuously controls the laser wavelength that is kept at the FBG middle-reflection wavelength, thus stabilizing the operating point against quasi-static perturbation, while the high frequency dynamic strain shifts the FBG reflection profile. The reflected power varies in proportion to the applied strain which can be derived directly from AC photocurrent of the reflected signal. We have designed and assembled a fourchannel demodulator system for simultaneous high frequency dynamic strain sensing.

  16. A review of Thulium fiber laser ablation of kidney stones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fried, Nathaniel M.; Blackmon, Richard L.; Irby, Pierce B.

    2011-02-01

    The clinical solid-state Holmium:YAG laser lithotripter (λ=2120 nm) is capable of operating at high pulse energies, but its efficient operation is limited to low pulse rates during lithotripsy. The diode-pumped experimental Thulium Fiber Laser (λ=1908 nm) is limited to low pulse energies, but can operate at high pulse rates. This review compares stone ablation threshold, ablation rate, and retropulsion effects for Ho:YAG and TFL. Laser lithotripsy complications also include optical fiber bending failure resulting in endoscope damage and low irrigation rates leading to poor visibility. Both problems are related to fiber diameter and limited by Ho:YAG laser multimode spatial beam profile. This study exploits TFL spatial beam profile for higher power transmission through smaller fibers. A short taper is also studied for expanding TFL beam at the distal tip of a small-core fiber. Stone mass loss, stone crater depths, fiber transmission losses, fiber burn-back, irrigation rates, and deflection through a flexible ureteroscope were measured for tapered fiber and compared with conventional fibers. The stone ablation threshold for TFL was four times lower than for Ho:YAG. Stone retropulsion with Ho:YAG increased linearly with pulse energy. Retropulsion with TFL was minimal at pulse rates < 150 Hz, then rapidly increased at higher pulse rates. TFL beam profile provides higher laser power through smaller fibers than Ho:YAG laser, potentially reducing fiber failure and endoscope damage and allowing greater irrigation rates for improved visibility and safety. Use of a short tapered distal fiber tip also allows expansion of the laser beam, resulting in decreased fiber tip damage compared to conventional fibers, without compromising fiber bending, stone ablation efficiency, or irrigation rates.

  17. High energy, narrow linewidth 1572nm ErYb-fiber based MOPA for a multi-aperture CO2 trace-gas laser space transmitter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Engin, Doruk; Mathason, Brian; Stephen, Mark; Yu, Anthony; Cao, He; Fouron, Jean-Luc; Storm, Mark

    2016-03-01

    A cladding-pumped, LMA ErYb fiber-based, amplifier is presented for use in a LIDAR transmitter for remote sensing of atmospheric CO2 from space. The amplifier is optimized for high peak power, high efficiency, and narrow linewidth operation at 1572.3nm. Using highly reliable COTS components, the amplifier achieves 0.5kW peak power (440uJ pulse energy), 3.3W average power with transform limited (TL) linewidth and M2<1.3. The power amplifier supports a 30% increase in pulse energy when linewidth is increased to 100MHz. A preliminary conductively cooled laser optical module (LOM) concept has size 9x10x1.25 in (113 in3) and estimated weight of 7.2lb (3.2 kg). Energy scaling with pulse width up to 645uJ, 1.5usec is demonstrated. A novel doubleclad ErYb LMA fiber (30/250um) with high pump absorption (6 dB/m at 915nm) was designed, fabricated, and characterized for power scaling. The upgraded power amplifier achieves 0.8kW peak power (720uJ pulse energy) 5.4W average power with TL linewidth and M2<1.5.

  18. Active and passive coherent beam combining of thulium-doped fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Pu; Wang, Xiaolin; Ma, Yanxing; Ma, Haotong; Han, Kai; Xu, Xiaojun; Liu, Zejin

    2010-11-01

    Thulium-doped fiber laser (TFL), which emitted near 2 μm laser beam, has become the latest revolution in highpower fiber laser technology. Further increasing the output power will face great challenges induced by nonlinear effects; coherent beam combining of TFL can increase laser output power while simultaneously maintaining beam quality. In this manuscript, we will present our detailed investigation on coherent beam combining of TFLs. Three different approaches, i.e., interferometric array, mutual injection locking and active phasing based on multi-dithering technique, are employed. In the interferometric array scheme, coherent combining is realized by using an intracavity fiber coupler in an all-fiber laser array configuration. Efficient coherent combining can be achieved by providing sufficient loss discrimination. High combining efficiency of 85% for two fiber laser has been obtained. In mutual injection locking scheme, mutual coherence between the two fiber lasers is established by means of mutual coupling through two 3dB couplers. High combining efficiency of 99% for two fiber laser has been obtained, and the fringe contrast of the intensity pattern at the receiving plane is as high as 93%. In active phasing scheme, when the phase control system is in the closed loop, the fringe contrast of far-field intensity pattern is improved by more than 75 % from 10 % in open loop, and the residual phase error is less than λ/20.

  19. Active Q-switching of a fiber laser using a modulated fiber Fabry-Perot filter and a fiber Bragg grating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martínez Manuel, Rodolfo; Kaboko, J. J. M.; Shlyagin, M. G.

    2016-02-01

    We propose and demonstrate a simple and robust actively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber ring cavity laser. The Q-switching is based on dynamic spectral overlapping of two filters, namely a fiber Bragg grating-based filter and a fiber Fabry-Perot tunable filter. Using 3.5 m of erbium-doped fiber and a pump power of only 60 mW, Q-switched pulses with a peak power of 9.7 W and a pulse duration of 500 ns were obtained. A pulse repetition rate can be continuously varied from a single shot to a few KHz.

  20. Ultra thin fiber laser vector hydrophone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Rui; Zhang, Wentao; He, Jun; Li, Fang; Liu, Yuliang

    2011-05-01

    This paper presents a two-axis fiber laser vector hydrophone which uses a V-shaped flexed beam to enhance the sensitivity and reduce the dimensions. Theoretical analyses of the sensitivity and frequent response are given. The key parameters that determine the sensitivity and resonant frequency are discussed. The experimental results show an acceleration sensitivity of 39.2 pm/g and 53.2 pm/g at the x, y axis respectively, a resonant frequency of about 310 Hz, and a directivity resolution larger than 20 dB.

  1. Fiber laser pumped high power mid-infrared laser with picosecond pulse bunch output.

    PubMed

    Wei, Kaihua; Chen, Tao; Jiang, Peipei; Yang, Dingzhong; Wu, Bo; Shen, Yonghang

    2013-10-21

    We report a novel quasi-synchronously pumped PPMgLN-based high power mid-infrared (MIR) laser with picosecond pulse bunch output. The pump laser is a linearly polarized MOPA structured all fiberized Yb fiber laser with picosecond pulse bunch output. The output from a mode-locked seed fiber laser was directed to pass through a FBG reflector via a circulator to narrow the pulse duration from 800 ps to less than 50 ps and the spectral FWHM from 9 nm to 0.15 nm. The narrowed pulses were further directed to pass through a novel pulse multiplier through which each pulse was made to become a pulse bunch composing of 13 sub-pulses with pulse to pulse time interval of 1.26 ns. The pulses were then amplified via two stage Yb fiber amplifiers to obtain a linearly polarized high average power output up to 85 W, which were then directed to pass through an isolator and to pump a PPMgLN-based optical parametric oscillator via quasi-synchronization pump scheme for ps pulse bunch MIR output. High MIR output with average power up to 4 W was obtained at 3.45 micron showing the feasibility of such pump scheme for ps pulse bunch MIR output. PMID:24150378

  2. New technology developments make passive laser/fiber alignment a reality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Collins, John V.; MacDonald, Brian M.; Lealman, I. F.; Jones, C. A.

    1996-01-01

    In this paper we report on the combination of a precision cleaved large spot laser and a silicon micromachined optical bench to achieve high coupling efficiencies by purely passive alignment. Coupling efficiencies of over 50% have been obtained by passively aligning precision cleaved large spot sized lasers to singlemode fiber on a silicon micromachined substrate. This is the highest known coupling figure reported for passive alignment. The packaging of semiconductor laser chips has always presented a range of technical problems due to the sub-micron tolerances required to obtain optimum coupling of the small laser spot size to the larger spot size of a singlemode fiber. Lasers have been developed that can ease these tolerances by matching the laser spot size to that of cleaved fiber. This is achieved by tapering the active layer to adiabatically expand the laser mode size. A method of controlling the physical size of laser diode chips to sub-micron accuracy has enabled these lasers to be bonded against substantial alignment features on a silicon micro-engineered optical bench which also includes a V-groove into which a cleaved single-mode optical fiber can be fixed. Results are also discussed for an alternative ferrule-based, non-hermetic laser packaging design which utilizes the relaxed alignment tolerances of the large spot lasers to give simple package assembly suitable for automation. Both of the packaging technologies discussed offer a viable route to obtaining the very low cost optoelectronic components required for fiber to the home networks.

  3. Hybrid femtosecond fiber laser outcrossing Er-doped fiber and Yb-doped fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Yunseok; Park, Sanguk; Kim, Seung-Woo

    2014-07-01

    A hybridized scheme of a fiber femtosecond pulse laser was devised with the aim of grafting the frequency comb of an Er-doped fiber oscillator, stabilized around a 1.550 μm center wavelength, onto the 1.0 μm emission range of an Yb-doped fiber amplifier. Test results showed that the frequency comb is successfully transferred to a new 1.034 μm center wavelength with a spectral bandwidth of 21 nm, upholding an original frequency stability of 3.71 × 10-13 at 10 s averaging. This work demonstrates the feasibility of outcrossing different kinds of fibers to shift the spectral range of the frequency comb over a large operating span without loss of stability.

  4. Femtosecond fiber laser welding of dissimilar metals.

    PubMed

    Huang, Huan; Yang, Lih-Mei; Bai, Shuang; Liu, Jian

    2014-10-01

    In this paper, welding of dissimilar metals was demonstrated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, by using a high-energy high-repetition-rate femtosecond fiber laser. Metallurgical and mechanical properties were investigated and analyzed under various processing parameters (pulse energy, repetition rate, and welding speed). Results showed that the formation of intermetallic brittle phases and welding defects could be effectively reduced. Strong welding quality with more than 210 MPa tensile strength for stainless steel-aluminum and 175 MPa tensile strength for stainless steel-magnesium has been demonstrated. A minimal heat affected zone and uniform and homogenous phase transformation in the welding region have been demonstrated. This laser-welding technique can be extended for various applications in semiconductor, automobile, aerospace, and biomedical industries. PMID:25322246

  5. CW single transverse mode all-fiber Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, E. Z.; Li, W. H.; You, L.

    2012-04-01

    The CW 25.6 W output power with a slope efficiency of 30.6% respected to the pump power from a CW single transverse mode all-fiber Tm3+-doped Silica Fiber Laser is reported. The all-fiber laser is made up by progressively splicing the pigtail fiber, matched FBG fiber and Tm fiber. The reflective FBG and Tm3+-doped fiber end Fresnel reflection build up the laser resonance cavity. Due to the multi-mode FBG as the reflective mirror, the output laser spectrum is multi-peaks at high output power, but the spectrum width is less than 2 nm at 1.94 μm. We estimate the beam quality to be M 2 = 2.39, clearly indicating nearly diffraction-limited beam propagation.

  6. A Master-Oscillator-Power-Amplifier 2-micron Laser Using Fiber Phase-conjugate Mirror

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yu, Jirong; Bai, Yingxin; Shkunov, V.; Rockwell, D.; Betin, A.; Wang, J.; Petros, M.; Petzar, Paul; Trieu, Bo

    2007-01-01

    For the first time, a 2-micron master-oscillator-power-amplifier laser using a fiber based phase conjugation mirror has been demonstrated. The beam quality improvement and 56% of the PCM reflectivity have been achieved.

  7. Tm:germanate Fiber Laser for Planetary Water Vapor Atmospheric Profiling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barnes, Norman P.; De Young, Russell

    2009-01-01

    The atmospheric profiling of water vapor is necessary for finding life on Mars and weather on Earth. The design and performance of a water vapor lidar based on a Tm:germanate fiber laser is presented.

  8. Growing Crystaline Sapphire Fibers By Laser Heated Pedestal Techiques

    DOEpatents

    Phomsakha, Vongvilay; Chang, Robert S. F.; Djeu, Nicholas I.

    1997-03-04

    An improved system and process for growing crystal fibers comprising a means for creating a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area, means for directing the laser beam at a portion of solid feed material located within a fiber growth chamber to form molten feed material, means to support a seed fiber above the molten feed material, means to translate the seed fiber towards and away from the molten feed material so that the seed fiber can make contact with the molten feed material, fuse to the molten feed material and then be withdrawn away from the molten feed material whereby the molten feed material is drawn off in the form of a crystal fiber. The means for creating a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area includes transforming a previously generated laser beam having a conventional gaussian intensity profile through its cross sectional area into a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area by passing the previously generated laser beam through a graded reflectivity mirror. The means for directing the laser beam at a portion of solid feed material is configured to direct the laser beam at a target zone which contains the molten feed material and a portion of crystal fiber drawn off the molten feed material by the seed fiber. The means to support the seed fiber above the molten feed material is positioned at a predetermined height above the molten feed material. This predetermined height provides the seed fiber with sufficient length and sufficient resiliency so that surface tension in the molten feed material can move the seed fiber to the center of the molten feed material irrespective of where the seed fiber makes contact with the molten feed material. The internal atmosphere of the fiber growth chamber is composed substantially of Helium gas.

  9. Recent developments in polycrystalline oxide fiber laser materials: production of Yb-doped polycrystalline YAG fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, HeeDong; Keller, Kristin; Sirn, Brian; Parthasarathy, Triplicane; Cheng, Michael; Hopkins, Frank K.

    2011-09-01

    Laser quality, polycrystalline oxide fibers offer significant advantages over state-of-the-art silica fiber for high energy lasers. Advanced ceramic processing technology, along with a novel powder production process, has potential to produce oxide fibers with an outstanding optical quality for use in the fiber laser applications. The production of contaminant-free green fibers with a high packing density, as well as uniform packing distribution, is a key factor in obtaining laserquality fibers. High quality green fibers are dependent on the powder quality combined with the appropriate slurry formulation. These two fundamental technologies were successfully developed at UES, and used to produce Yb-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) fibers with high optical quality, high chemical purity, and suitable core diameters down to 20-30 microns.

  10. High power monolithically integrated all-fiber laser design using single-chip multimode pumps for high reliability operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faucher, Mathieu; Villeneuve, Eric; Sevigny, Benoit; Wetter, Alexandre; Perreault, Roger; Lizé, Yannick Keith; Holehouse, Nigel

    2008-02-01

    We present an all-fiber monolithically integrated fiber laser based on a custom tapered fused bundle pump combiner with 32 inputs ports connected to a double clad gain fiber. The pump combiner is designed to provide high isolation between signal and pumps fibers providing intrinsic pump protection. This configuration can generate more than 100W of continuous wave (CW) laser light using single-chip multimode pumps enabling long term reliability.

  11. Optical fiber-based photomechanical molecular delivery system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakano, Koki; Sato, Shunichi; Kawauchi, Satoko; Ashida, Hiroshi; Nishidate, Izumi

    2014-02-01

    Molecular delivery based on nanosecond pulsed laser-induced photomechanical waves (PMWs) enables endoscopic application by using an optical fiber for laser transmission. In our previous fiber system, a laser target, which was a black natural rubber film as a laser absorbing material covered with an optically transparent polyethylene terephthalate disk to confine the laser-induced plasma, was attached to the output end of a 1 mm core diameter quartz fiber. There were two problems in that system: 1) the outer diameter was large (~2.7 mm) and 2) available peak pressure rapidly decreased with increasing pulse number. In this study, we developed a new fiber delivery system to overcome these problems. As a laser absorbing material, we used a cap-type silicone rubber containing carbon black, into which the fiber output end can simply be inserted. The fiber end surface works to confine the laser-induced plasma. The outer diameter of the fiber system was reduced to ~1.4 mm. At an output laser fluence of 1.2 J/cm2, peak pressure of the first PMW pulse exceeded ~40 MPa. With successive 10 laser pulses, decreasing rate of the peak pressure was 22%, which was considerably lower than that with the previous fiber system (82%), enabling generation of at least successive 30 pulses of PMW with the same cap-type target. With this fiber system, we attempted transfer of plasmid DNA encoding EGFP (enhanced green fluorescence protein) to the rat skin as a test tissue in vivo, showing site-selective efficient gene expression.

  12. Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Sugavanam, Srikanth; Tarasov, Nikita; Shu, Xuewen; Churkin, Dmitry V

    2013-07-15

    Narrow-band emission of spectral width down to ~0.05 nm line-width is achieved in the random distributed feedback fiber laser employing narrow-band fiber Bragg grating or fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer filters. The observed line-width is ~10 times less than line-width of other demonstrated up to date random distributed feedback fiber lasers. The random DFB laser with Fabry-Perot interferometer filter provides simultaneously multi-wavelength and narrow-band (within each line) generation with possibility of further wavelength tuning. PMID:23938497

  13. Laser Beam Delivery and Image Transmission Through Multimode Optical Fibers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Anpei

    This dissertation is dedicated to two important branches of optical fiber applications in biomedical engineering: laser beam delivery and image transmission. The optical phase of a light wave is distorted when it propagates through a multimode fiber. To compensate the distortion, a new hologram-generated phase conjugation theoretical model and experimental method has been developed. In the process, a self-pumped phase-conjugating mirror is introduced for recording the hologram. The coherence conditions are carefully matched so that only the desired optical signal is recorded. As a result, a high fidelity phase conjugation wave is produced. The resolution is 4.4 mum, which corresponds the diffraction-limited value of the system. Multimode optical fibers are widely used to deliver laser beams for medical diagnoses and treatments. However the spatial quality of the output beam is very poor. By use of holographic phase precompensation we present a new method to deliver high-quality laser beams. As a result, a highly collimated output beam with only 1.9 mrad divergence, which is 250 times smaller than the usual divergence, is obtained. The brightness is greatly increased. Other desired waves such as spherical wave or Gaussian beams can also be obtained. Another method, which is based on the formation at the remote end of a holographic filter, is also presented. The final output beams are nearly diffraction -limited. The hologram-generated phase conjugation is applied to image transmission through single multimode fibers. By use of Fourier transform theory and the formalism established in this study, the system resolution and the space bandwidth product are analyzed. The resolution of a multimode fiber can be 50 times higher than that of an imaging bundle if their diameters are the same. In the experiments a resolution chart was tested. The experimental results are quite consistent with the theory. A 3-D biological sample--a tooth--was also tested. The limitations of the

  14. 150 W highly-efficient Raman fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Feng, Yan; Taylor, Luke R; Calia, Domenico Bonaccini

    2009-12-21

    We report a more than 150 W spectrally-clean continuous wave Raman fiber laser at 1120 nm with an optical efficiency of 85%. A approximately 30 m standard single mode silica fiber is used as Raman gain fiber to avoid second Stokes emission. A spectrally asymmetric resonator (in the sense of mirror reflection bandwidth) with usual fiber Bragg gratings is designed to minimize the laser power lost into the unwanted direction, even when the effective reflectivity of the rear fiber Bragg grating becomes as low as 81.5%. PMID:20052078

  15. Theoretical analysis of output performance of GG-IAG fiber laser by multipoint distributed side pump

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Yonggang; Duan, Kailiang; Shao, Hongmin; Zhao, Baoyin; Zhang, Entao; Zhao, Wei

    2012-11-01

    Based on a steady-state rate equations (REs) and heat dissipation model considering both convective and radiative heat transfer, the output performance and temperature distribution of Yb3+ doped gain guided and index antiguided (GG-IAG) fiber lasers by multipoint distributed pumping are analyzed by numerically solving REs. The results show that high output power and even temperature distribution can be obtained by increasing pump points and lowering the losses at the points; multipoint side pumping is an optimal method to obtain compact high power GG-IAG fiber lasers. The numerical analysis provides some insights for the construction of high power GG-IAG fiber lasers.

  16. Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser

    PubMed Central

    Mao, Dong; Liu, Xueming; Sun, Zhipei; Lu, Hua; Han, Dongdong; Wang, Guoxi; Wang, Fengqiu

    2013-01-01

    High-repetition-rate pulses have widespread applications in the fields of fiber communications, frequency comb, and optical sensing. Here, we have demonstrated high-repetition-rate ultrashort pulses in an all-fiber laser by exploiting an intracavity Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) as a comb filter. The repetition rate of the laser can be tuned flexibly from about 7 to 1100 GHz by controlling the optical path difference between the two arms of the MZI. The pulse duration can be reduced continuously from about 10.1 to 0.55 ps with the spectral width tunable from about 0.35 to 5.7 nm by manipulating the intracavity polarization controller. Numerical simulations well confirm the experimental observations and show that filter-driven four-wave mixing effect, induced by the MZI, is the main mechanism that governs the formation of the high-repetition-rate pulses. This all-fiber-based laser is a simple and low-cost source for various applications where high-repetition-rate pulses are necessary. PMID:24226153

  17. A Compact 500 MHz Femtosecond All-Fiber Ring Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Tong; Huang, Huichang; Yuan, Xiaozhi; Wei, Xiaoming; He, Xin; Mo, Shupei; Deng, Huaqiu; Yang, Zhongmin

    2013-05-01

    We demonstrate a fundamentally mode-locked all-fiber ring laser with the repetition rate up to 500 MHz and pulse duration of 250 fs at 1.5 µm. Only an optical integrated module, a 4.8 cm Er3+/Yb3+-codoped phosphate glass fiber, and a polarization controller are employed to construct the all-fiber ring cavity. Stable mode-locking laser is output by adjusting the polarization controller.

  18. Nanosecond square pulse generation in fiber lasers with normal dispersion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, L. M.; Tang, D. Y.; Cheng, T. H.; Lu, C.

    2007-04-01

    We report on the generation of nanosecond square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser made of purely normal dispersive fibers. Different to the noise-like pulse operation of the laser, the generated square pulses are stable and have no internal structures. We show that the formation of the square pulse is due to the combined action of the pulse peak clamping effect caused by the cavity and the almost linear pulse propagation in the normal dispersive fibers.

  19. kW-level narrow linewidth fiber amplifier seeded by a fiber Bragg grating based oscillator.

    PubMed

    Hao, Jinping; Zhao, Hong; Zhang, Dayong; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Kun

    2015-05-20

    This paper demonstrates an all-fiber narrow linewidth amplifier with a seed based on narrow linewidth fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). The fiber amplifier achieves a narrow bandwidth output of 823 W, with an opto-optic efficiency of 84.5%. The pair of FBGs in the seed configuration helps to assure a narrow linewidth of the laser as 0.08 nm. In the laser profile, we introduce a cladding stripper with a sectional structure, which realizes high pump power leakage with high efficiency. The paper also discusses the impact of seed linewidth and fiber length on the SBS threshold in a narrow bandwidth laser. Based on this analysis, we discovered ways to inhibit SBS onset and scale power output. PMID:26192524

  20. Miniature fiber-optic multiphoton microscopy system using frequency-doubled femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Lin; Mills, Arthur K.; Zhao, Yuan; Jones, David J.; Tang, Shuo

    2016-01-01

    We report on a miniature fiber-optic multiphoton microscopy (MPM) system based on a frequency-doubled femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser. The femtosecond pulses from the laser source are delivered to the miniature fiber-optic probe at 1.58 µm wavelength, where a standard single mode fiber is used for delivery without the need of free-space dispersion compensation components. The beam is frequency-doubled inside the probe by a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 crystal. Frequency-doubled pulses at 786 nm with a maximum power of 80 mW and a pulsewidth of 150 fs are obtained and applied to excite intrinsic signals from tissues. A MEMS scanner, a miniature objective, and a multimode collection fiber are further used to make the probe compact. The miniature fiber-optic MPM system is highly portable and robust. Ex vivo multiphoton imaging of mammalian skins demonstrates the capability of the system in imaging biological tissues. The results show that the miniature fiber-optic MPM system using frequency-doubled femtosecond fiber laser can potentially bring the MPM imaging for clinical applications. PMID:27231633

  1. Miniature fiber-optic multiphoton microscopy system using frequency-doubled femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Huang, Lin; Mills, Arthur K; Zhao, Yuan; Jones, David J; Tang, Shuo

    2016-05-01

    We report on a miniature fiber-optic multiphoton microscopy (MPM) system based on a frequency-doubled femtosecond Er-doped fiber laser. The femtosecond pulses from the laser source are delivered to the miniature fiber-optic probe at 1.58 µm wavelength, where a standard single mode fiber is used for delivery without the need of free-space dispersion compensation components. The beam is frequency-doubled inside the probe by a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 crystal. Frequency-doubled pulses at 786 nm with a maximum power of 80 mW and a pulsewidth of 150 fs are obtained and applied to excite intrinsic signals from tissues. A MEMS scanner, a miniature objective, and a multimode collection fiber are further used to make the probe compact. The miniature fiber-optic MPM system is highly portable and robust. Ex vivo multiphoton imaging of mammalian skins demonstrates the capability of the system in imaging biological tissues. The results show that the miniature fiber-optic MPM system using frequency-doubled femtosecond fiber laser can potentially bring the MPM imaging for clinical applications. PMID:27231633

  2. Dark pulse generation in fiber lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Liu, H H; Chow, K K

    2014-12-01

    We demonstrate the generation of dark pulses from carbon nanotube (CNT) incorporated erbium-doped fiber ring lasers with net anomalous dispersion. A side-polished fiber coated with CNT layer by optically-driven deposition method is embedded into the laser in order to enhance the birefringence and nonlinearity of the laser cavity. The dual-wavelength domain-wall dark pulses are obtained from the developed CNT-incorporated fiber laser at a relatively low pump threshold of 50.6 mW. Dark pulses repeated at the fifth-order harmonic of the fundamental cavity frequency are observed by adjusting the intra-cavity polarization state. PMID:25606901

  3. 280  GHz dark soliton fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Song, Y F; Guo, J; Zhao, L M; Shen, D Y; Tang, D Y

    2014-06-15

    We report on an ultrahigh repetition rate dark soliton fiber laser. We show both numerically and experimentally that by taking advantage of the cavity self-induced modulation instability and the dark soliton formation in a net normal dispersion cavity fiber laser, stable ultrahigh repetition rate dark soliton trains can be formed in a dispersion-managed cavity fiber laser. Stable dark soliton trains with a repetition rate as high as ∼280  GHz have been generated in our experiment. Numerical simulations have shown that the effective gain bandwidth limitation plays an important role on the stabilization of the formed dark solitons in the laser. PMID:24978517

  4. Pulse-stretched Alexandrite laser for improved optical fiber reliability for laser lithotripsy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simons, David; Koschmann, Eric C.

    1992-06-01

    Clinical data shows that short pulse duration lasers used in laser induced shock wave lithotripsy severely damage optical fibers on both the proximal and distal ends which is unsuitable for clinical use. An Alexandrite laser system has been developed that uses dynamic pulse stretching of the Q-switched laser pulse and improved optical fiber coupling to eliminate the fiber damage. The method of pulse stretching presented controls the laser output pulse energy from 50 to 150 millijoules and temporal shape from 0.5 to 1.5 microseconds. This yields effective fragmentation of calculi without damage to the optical fiber.

  5. Characteristics research on self-amplified distributed feedback fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Zhiqiang; Qi, Haifeng; Guo, Jian; Wang, Chang; Peng, Gangding

    2014-09-01

    A distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser with a ratio of the backward to forward output power of 1:100 was composed by a 45-mm-length asymmetrical phase-shifted fiber grating fabricated on the 50-mm erbium-doped photosensitive fiber. Forward output laser was amplified using a certain length of Nufern EDFL-980-Hp erbium-doped fiber to absorb the surplus pump power after the active phase-shifted fiber grating and get population inversion. By using OptiSystem software, the best fiber length of the EDFL to get the highest gain was simulated. In order to keep the amplified laser with the narrow line-width and low noise, a narrow-band light filter consisting of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) with the same Bragg wavelength as the laser and an optical circulator was used to filter the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise of the out-cavity erbium-doped fiber. The designed laser structure sufficiently utilized the pump power, and a DFB fiber laser with the 32.5-mW output power, 11.5-kHz line width, and -87-dB/Hz relative intensity noise (RIN) at 300 mW of 980 nm pump power was brought out.

  6. Welding of PMMA by a femtosecond fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Volpe, Annalisa; Di Niso, Francesca; Gaudiuso, Caterina; De Rosa, Andrea; Vázquez, Rebeca Martínez; Ancona, Antonio; Lugarà, Pietro Mario; Osellame, Roberto

    2015-02-23

    Developing versatile joining techniques to weld transparent materials on a micrometer scale is of great importance in a growing number of applications, especially for the fabrication and assembly of biomedical devices. In this paper, we report on fs-laser microwelding of two transparent layers of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) based on nonlinear absorption and localized heat accumulation at high repetition rates. A fiber CPA laser system was used delivering 650-fs pulses at 1030 nm with repetition rates in the MHz regime. The laser-induced modifications produced by the focused beam into the bulk PMMA were firstly investigated, trying to find a suitable set of process parameters generating continuous and localized melting. Results have been evaluated based on existing heat accumulation models. Then, we have successfully laser welded two 1-mm-thick PMMA layers in a lap-joint configuration. Sealing of the sample was demonstrated through static and dynamic leakage tests. This fs-laser micro-welding process does not need any pre-processing of the samples or any intermediate absorbing layer. Furthermore, it offers several advantages compared to other joining techniques, because it prevents contamination and thermal distortion of the samples, thus being extremely interesting for application in direct laser fabrication of microfluidic devices. PMID:25836449

  7. Laser Processing of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite for Optical Fiber Guidelines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lima, M. S. F.; Sakamoto, J. M. S.; Simoes, J. G. A.; Riva, R.

    The replacement of copper wires by optical fibers for control and monitoring of aircraft systems are gaining more and more acceptance due to weight reductions and their intrinsic reliability. The present investigation proposes a new method for producing fiber optical guidelines in carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites using laser texturing and machining. Laser texturing was used to improve the adhesion bonding between the CFRP parts and laser machining is used to create a channel where the optical fiber will be placed and protected. The results show that using only 20 W of a Nd:YAG pulsed laser it is possible to enhance the joint resistance of CFRP composites and also protecting the optical fiber embedded in between two CFRP pieces. Using the proposed technology, the maximum load of a lap joint increased by 85% and the optical fiber remained integral even under severe bending conditions.

  8. Influence of the UV-induced fiber loss on the distributed feedback fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Wei; Chen, Bai; Qiao, Qiquan; Chen, Jialing; Lin, Zunqi

    2003-06-01

    It was found that the output power of the distributed feedback fiber lasers would be improved after annealing or left unused for several days after the laser had been fabricated, and the output of the fundamental mode would not increase but be clamped while the ±1 order modes would be predominant with the enhancement of the coupling coefficient during the fabrication. The paper discussed the influence of UV-induced fiber loss on the fiber phase-shifted DFB lasers. Due to the gain saturation and fiber internal loss, which included the temperament loss and permanent loss, there was an optimum coupling coefficient for the DFB fiber lasers that the higher internal fiber loss corresponded to the lower optimum values of coupling coefficient.

  9. CO2 Laser Radiation Transmission Through Curved Hollow Fibers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dror, Jacob; Gannot, Israel; Morhaim, Orna; Mendlovic, David; Croitoru, Nathan I.

    1989-07-01

    Hollow plastic fibers were produced by depositing metallic and dielectric films on the internal surface of plastic tubes. These fibers can transmit high CO2 laser energy with low atten-uation even in curved trajectories. A mathematical model was developed to describe the energy transmission. The energy distribution at the outlet of the fiber was measured and found to be influenced by the existence of whispering gallery mode. These fibers are suitable for surgical uses.

  10. Nonlinear distortion evaluation in a directly modulated distributed feedback laser diode-based fiber-optic cable television transport system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chung-Yi; Ying, Cheng-Ling; Lin, Chun-Yu; Chu, Chien-An

    2015-12-01

    This study evaluated a directly modulated distributed feedback (DFB) laser diode (LD) for cable TV systems with respect to carrier-to-nonlinear distortion of LDs. The second-order distortion-to-carrier ratio is found to be proportional to that of the second-order coefficient-to-first-order coefficient of the DFB laser diode driving current and to the optical modulation index (OMI). Furthermore, the third-order distortion-to-carrier ratio is proportional to that of the third-order coefficient-to-first-order coefficient of the DFB laser diode driving current, and to the OMI2.

  11. Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Zhengqian; Wu, Duanduan; Xu, Bin; Xu, Huiying; Cai, Zhiping; Peng, Jian; Weng, Jian; Xu, Shuo; Zhu, Chunhui; Wang, Fengqiu; Sun, Zhipei; Zhang, Han

    2015-12-01

    Passive Q-switching or mode-locking by placing a saturable absorber inside the laser cavity is one of the most effective and popular techniques for pulse generation. However, most of the current saturable absorbers cannot work well in the visible spectral region, which seriously impedes the progress of passively Q-switched/mode-locked visible pulsed fibre lasers. Here, we report a kind of visible saturable absorber--two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs, e.g. WS2, MoS2, MoSe2), and successfully demonstrate compact red-light Q-switched praseodymium (Pr3+)-doped all-fibre lasers. The passive Q-switching operation at 635 nm generates stable laser pulses with ~200 ns pulse duration, 28.7 nJ pulse energy and repetition rate from 232 to 512 kHz. This achievement is attributed to the ultrafast saturable absorption of these layered TMDs in the visible region, as well as the compact and all-fibre laser-cavity design by coating a dielectric mirror on the fibre end facet. This work may open a new route for next-generation high-performance pulsed laser sources in the visible (even ultraviolet) range.Passive Q-switching or mode-locking by placing a saturable absorber inside the laser cavity is one of the most effective and popular techniques for pulse generation. However, most of the current saturable absorbers cannot work well in the visible spectral region, which seriously impedes the progress of passively Q-switched/mode-locked visible pulsed fibre lasers. Here, we report a kind of visible saturable absorber--two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs, e.g. WS2, MoS2, MoSe2), and successfully demonstrate compact red-light Q-switched praseodymium (Pr3+)-doped all-fibre lasers. The passive Q-switching operation at 635 nm generates stable laser pulses with ~200 ns pulse duration, 28.7 nJ pulse energy and repetition rate from 232 to 512 kHz. This achievement is attributed to the ultrafast saturable absorption of these layered TMDs in the visible

  12. A robust all-fiber active Q-switched 1-µm Yb3+ fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sintov, Yoav; Goldring, Sharone; Pearl, Shaul; Lebiush, Eyal; Sfez, Bruno; Malka, Dror; Zalevsky, Zeev

    2015-09-01

    An all-fiber active Q-switched Yb3+-doped fiber laser at 1 µm is presented. The laser is composed of a ring resonator with an embedded all-fiber Q-switch element, based on a null coupler with an attached piezoelectric transducer (PZT). The PZT is used as an acoustic actuator, for inducing longitudinal acoustic disturbance along the null coupler and causing light coupling between the null coupler's ports. A stable operation is achieved with an overall average output power of up to 275 mW at various pulse repetition rates (PRR), ranging from 10 to 35 kHz and typical pulse energy of 15 μJ. In addition, a self-monitoring method is implemented by an embedded microcontroller, in order to maintain stable Q-switch performance, in changing environmental conditions. An average power of 8.5 W and pulse energy of 420 μJ at a PRR of 20 kHz are demonstrated in a master oscillator power amplifier containing the Q-switched laser, followed by a power amplifier.

  13. 30  W fluoride glass all-fiber laser at 2.94  μm.

    PubMed

    Fortin, Vincent; Bernier, Martin; Bah, Souleymane T; Vallée, Réal

    2015-06-15

    We report the demonstration of a 2938 nm erbium-doped fluoride glass fiber laser delivering a record output power of 30.5 W in continuous wave operation. The passively cooled all-fiber laser cavity based on intracore fiber Bragg gratings has an overall laser efficiency of 16% as a function of the launched pump power at 980 nm and a single-mode output beam quality of M2<1.2. This power scaling demonstration of a fiber laser operating near the vibrational resonance of water is likely to have a significant impact on several biomedical applications. PMID:26076286

  14. Microscopic analysis of laser-induced proximal fiber tip damage during holmium:YAG and thulium fiber laser lithotripsy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Christopher R.; Hardy, Luke A.; Irby, Pierce B.; Fried, Nathaniel M.

    2016-04-01

    The thulium fiber laser (TFL) is being studied as an alternative to the standard holmium:YAG laser for lithotripsy. The TFL beam originates within an 18-μm-core thulium-doped silica fiber, and its near single mode, Gaussian beam profile enables transmission of higher laser power through smaller (e.g., 50- to 150-μm core) fibers than possible during holmium laser lithotripsy. This study examines whether the more uniform TFL beam profile also reduces proximal fiber tip damage compared with the holmium laser multimodal beam. Light and confocal microscopy images were taken of the proximal surface of each fiber to inspect for possible laser-induced damage. A TFL beam at a wavelength of 1908 nm was coupled into 105-μm-core silica fibers, with 35-mJ energy, and 500-μs pulse duration, and 100,000 pulses were delivered at each pulse rate setting of 50, 100, 200, 300, and 400 Hz. For comparison, single use, 270-μm-core fibers were collected after clinical holmium laser lithotripsy procedures performed with standard settings (600 mJ, 350 μs, 6 Hz). Total laser energy, number of laser pulses, and laser irradiation time were recorded, and fibers were rated for damage. For TFL studies, output pulse energy and average power were stable, and no proximal fiber damage was observed at settings up to 35 mJ, 400 Hz, and 14 W average power (n=5). In contrast, confocal microscopy images of fiber tips after holmium lithotripsy showed proximal fiber tip degradation, indicated by small ablation craters on the scale of several micrometers in all fibers (n=20). In summary, the proximal fiber tip of a 105-μm-core fiber transmitted up to 14 W of TFL power without degradation, compared to degradation of 270-μm-core fibers after transmission of 3.6 W of holmium laser power. The smaller and more uniform TFL beam profile may improve fiber lifetime, and potentially translate into lower costs for the surgical disposables as well.

  15. Statistical characteristics of surface integrity by fiber laser cutting of Nitinol vascular stents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, C. H.; Liu, J. F.; Guo, Andrew

    2015-10-01

    Nitinol alloys have been widely used in manufacturing of vascular stents due to the outstanding properties such as superelasticity, shape memory, and superior biocompatibility. Laser cutting is the dominant process for manufacturing Nitinol stents. Conventional laser cutting usually produces unsatisfactory surface integrity which has a significant detrimental impact on stent performance. Emerging as a competitive process, fiber laser with high beam quality is expected to produce much less thermal damage such as striation, dross, heat affected zone (HAZ), and recast layer. To understand the process capability of fiber laser cutting of Nitinol alloy, a design-of-experiment based laser cutting experiment was performed. The kerf geometry, roughness, topography, microstructure, and hardness were studied to better understand the nature of the HAZ and recast layer in fiber laser cutting. Moreover, effect size analysis was conducted to investigate the relationship between surface integrity and process parameters.

  16. Simple design for singlemode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morasse, Bertrand; Chatigny, Stéphane; Desrosiers, Cynthia; Gagnon, Éric; Lapointe, Marc-André; de Sandro, Jean-Philippe

    2009-02-01

    A large number of high power CW fiber lasers described in the literature use large mode area (LMA) double cladding fibers. These fibers have large core and low core numerical aperture (NA) to limit the number of supported modes and are typically operated under coiling to eliminate higher order modes. We describe here multimode (MM) high NA ytterbium doped fibers used in single mode output high power laser/amplifier configuration. Efficient single mode amplification is realized in the multimode doped fiber by matching the fundamental mode of the doped fiber to the LP01 mode of the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and by selecting the upper V-number value that limits the overlap of the LP01 to the higher order modes. We show that negligible mode coupling is realized in the doped fiber, which ensures a stable power output over external perturbation without the use of tapers. Fundamental mode operation is maintained at all time without coiling through the use of FBG written in a single mode fiber. We show that such fiber is inherently more photosensitive and easier to splice than LMA fiber. We demonstrate an efficient 75W singlemode CW fiber laser using this configuration and predict that the power scaling to the kW level can be achieved, the design being more practical and resistant to photodarkening compared to conventional low NA LMA fiber.

  17. Two-dimensional material-based saturable absorbers: towards compact visible-wavelength all-fiber pulsed lasers.

    PubMed

    Luo, Zhengqian; Wu, Duanduan; Xu, Bin; Xu, Huiying; Cai, Zhiping; Peng, Jian; Weng, Jian; Xu, Shuo; Zhu, Chunhui; Wang, Fengqiu; Sun, Zhipei; Zhang, Han

    2016-01-14

    Passive Q-switching or mode-locking by placing a saturable absorber inside the laser cavity is one of the most effective and popular techniques for pulse generation. However, most of the current saturable absorbers cannot work well in the visible spectral region, which seriously impedes the progress of passively Q-switched/mode-locked visible pulsed fibre lasers. Here, we report a kind of visible saturable absorber-two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs, e.g. WS2, MoS2, MoSe2), and successfully demonstrate compact red-light Q-switched praseodymium (Pr(3+))-doped all-fibre lasers. The passive Q-switching operation at 635 nm generates stable laser pulses with ∼200 ns pulse duration, 28.7 nJ pulse energy and repetition rate from 232 to 512 kHz. This achievement is attributed to the ultrafast saturable absorption of these layered TMDs in the visible region, as well as the compact and all-fibre laser-cavity design by coating a dielectric mirror on the fibre end facet. This work may open a new route for next-generation high-performance pulsed laser sources in the visible (even ultraviolet) range. PMID:26658877

  18. Design and refinement of rare earth doped multicore fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prudenzano, F.; Mescia, L.; Di Tommaso, A.; Surico, M.; De Sario, M.

    2013-09-01

    A novel multicore ytterbium doped fiber laser is designed, with the target of maximizing both the effective mode area and the beam quality, by means of a complete home-made computer code. It can be employed to construct high power and Quasi-Gaussian beam lasers. The novel laser configuration exploits a single mode multicore fiber and does not need Talbot cavity or other in-phase mode selection mechanisms. This is an innovative solution, because to the best of our knowledge, for the first time, we have designed a truly single-mode multicore fiber laser. For comparison we have optimized two other laser configurations which are well known in literature, both employing a multimode multicore fiber and a Talbot cavity as a feedback for the in-phase supermode selection. All three multicore fibers, constituted by the same glass, are doped with the same ytterbium ion concentration and pumped with the same input power. Multimodal fiber lasers exhibit lower beam quality, i.e. a higher beam quality factor M2, with respect to the single mode one, even if suitable Talbot cavities are designed, but they are very competitive when a more compact laser cavity is required for the same output power. The novel single mode nineteen core laser exhibits a simulated effective mode area Aeff = 703 μm2 and a beam quality factor M2 = 1.05, showing better characteristics than the other two lasers.

  19. Endovenous laser ablation with TM-fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Somunyudan, Meral Filiz; Topaloglu, Nermin; Ergenoglu, Mehmet Umit; Gulsoy, Murat

    2011-03-01

    Endovenous Laser Ablation (EVLA) has become a popular minimally invasive alternative to stripping in the treatment of saphenous vein reflux. Several wavelengths have been proposed; of which 810, 940 and 980- nm are the most commonly used. However, the most appropriate wavelength is still the subject of debate. Thermal shrinkage of collagenous tissue during EVLA plays a significant role in the early and late results of the treatment. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of 980 and 1940-nm laser wavelengths in the treatment of varicose veins. In this study, 980 and 1940-nm lasers at different power settings (8/10W for 980-nm, 2/3W for 1940-nm) were used to irradiate stripped human veins. The most prominent contraction and narrowing in outer and inner diameter were observed with the 1940-nm at 2W, following 980-nm at 8W, 1940-nm at 3W and finally 980-nm at 10W. The minimum carbonization was observed with the 1940-nm at 2W. As a conclusion, 1940-nm Tm-fiber laser which has a significant effect in the management of varicose veins due to more selective energy absorption in water and consequently in the vein is a promising method in the management of varicose veins.

  20. Fiber optic coherent laser radar 3D vision system

    SciTech Connect

    Clark, R.B.; Gallman, P.G.; Slotwinski, A.R.; Wagner, K.; Weaver, S.; Xu, Jieping

    1996-12-31

    This CLVS will provide a substantial advance in high speed computer vision performance to support robotic Environmental Management (EM) operations. This 3D system employs a compact fiber optic based scanner and operator at a 128 x 128 pixel frame at one frame per second with a range resolution of 1 mm over its 1.5 meter working range. Using acousto-optic deflectors, the scanner is completely randomly addressable. This can provide live 3D monitoring for situations where it is necessary to update once per second. This can be used for decontamination and decommissioning operations in which robotic systems are altering the scene such as in waste removal, surface scarafacing, or equipment disassembly and removal. The fiber- optic coherent laser radar based system is immune to variations in lighting, color, or surface shading, which have plagued the reliability of existing 3D vision systems, while providing substantially superior range resolution.