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1

The mental health of finnish university students: A psychiatric study of freshmen  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was begun in the Fall of 1965 concerning the need for psychiatric treatment and mental health counselling among Finnish university students. The project comprises psychiatric, somatico-medical, psychological and sociological investigations. Students who had started their studies in four universities or technical and commercial colleges at the university level in Helsinki at the beginning of the Fall semester 1965,

Yrjö O. Alanen; Reijo Holmström; Vilja Hägglund; Klaus W. Karlsson; Pekka Tienari; Kauko Vauhkonen; Kari Savonen; Juhani Hirvas; Marjatta Marin

1968-01-01

2

Revising Basic Mathematics in a Network Environment: An Empirical Study with Finnish Technology University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A revising/replenishment study course in basic mathematics is experienced as being almost a necessity at the beginning of technology studies at the Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland. This is to avoid early dropouts in actual engineering mathematics courses. Experimental research on factors explaining successful revision of…

Ketamo, Harri; Alajaaski, Jarkko

2008-01-01

3

The Use of Address Pronouns among Finnish and Finland-Swedish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the use and choice of address pronouns among Finnish and Finland-Swedish students in various situations. The study is based on a questionnaire on address usage distributed to university students in the city of Vaasa in Finland. The aim of the study is to investigate potential differences between the use of T and V in Finnish

Nyblom, Heidi

2006-01-01

4

Structural Development of Finnish Universities: Achieving Competitiveness and Academic Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses strategic instruments that are used to enhance the competitiveness of Finnish universities in the context of globalisation, internationalisation and commercialisation of research and education. The Finnish higher education system is currently undergoing a major policy reform, which aims to enhance the competitiveness of…

Tirronen, Jarkko; Nokkala, Terhi

2009-01-01

5

Confronting the Technological Pedagogical Knowledge of Finnish Net Generation Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported here is concerned with a critical examination of some of the assumptions concerning the "Net Generation" capabilities of 74 first-year student teachers in a Finnish university. There are assumptions that: (i) Net Generation students are adept at learning through discovery and thinking in a hypertext-like manner (Oblinger &…

Valtonen, Teemu; Pontinen, Susanna; Kukkonen, Jari; Dillon, Patrick; Vaisanen, Pertti; Hacklin, Stina

2011-01-01

6

Active Learning in a Finnish Engineering University Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a case study on the use of active learning techniques in an upper-level engineering course at the Helsinki University of Technology. The paper describes how these techniques were introduced and successfully used within the Finnish university classroom. The cultural subtext is explored and attention is given to teaching techniques…

Larson, Debra; Ahonen, Anna-Maija

2004-01-01

7

Students' Views on Learning in Virtual University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Finnish college students' views on learning in a virtual university. Respondents studied at Helsinki Virtual Open University (HEVI) and the Apaja Internet Service from 1995-99. HEVI is a Web-based learning environment where students can study, get advice, receive help from tutors, and use office services. Apaja Internet Service…

Tirri, Kirsi; Nevgi, Anne

8

Personality Preferences and Career Expectations of Finnish Business Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Predominant Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) scores for 533 Finnish business students were as follows: 67% extraverted, 53% intuitive, 67% thinking, and 33% feeling. For Schein's career anchors, 26% preferred Technical Competence, 17% Managerial Competence, and 14% Independence. Significant relationships between MBTI preferences and career…

Jarlstrom, Maria

2000-01-01

9

Bullying at a University: Students' Experiences of Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on bullying at a Finnish university. In May 2010 an e-questionnaire was sent to each university student (N?=?10,551), and 27% of these students (N?=?2,805) responded. According to the results, 5% of the university students had experienced either indirect public bullying or direct verbal bullying on campus. In most cases, the…

Sinkkonen, Hanna-Maija; Puhakka, Helena; Meriläinen, Matti

2014-01-01

10

Where on Earth Is New York? Pedagogical Lessons from Finnish Geography Students' Knowledge of the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behind this study are our (1) classroom observations suggesting a decline in the cartographic and general knowledge of Finnish geography students; (2) interest in developing the content and method of geographical education; and (3) belief that intellectual challenge is not incompatible with entertainment. A total of 257 university and high school…

Raento, Pauliina; Hottola, Petri

2005-01-01

11

Physics teacher education in Finland and reasons underlying the top scores of Finnish students on international assessments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Finland physics teachers have Master's degree in physics and pedagogical studies (60 cr). In addition they have introductory and intermediate studies (60 cr) in minor subjects, normally in mathematics and chemistry. The degree consists of 300 cr minimum and takes 5 years or more. In Bachelor studies (180 cr), almost identical in all Finnish universities, student teachers do the same physics courses than physicists (70 cr). Few exceptions can be found, e.g. in Joensuu we have two laboratory courses (5 cr) for student teachers. Part of pedagogical studies (25 cr) and some minor subject studies are included in Bachelor studies. Master studies (120 cr) differ more from university to university. Some universities do not make a difference between student teachers and forthcoming physicists but for instance the Universities of Joensuu and Helsinki offer several special courses for student teachers. These special courses include elements from different areas, e.g. the history of physics or the philosophy of physics, or the courses can concentrate on students' pre-knowledge or to foster students' conceptual and structural understanding of physics. In addition master's thesis can be done in the area of physics education. In summary, significant differences between universities can only be found in Master studies. However, there is no evidence that special courses for teachers produce better results than traditional master's physics courses. In fact most of the Finnish in-service physics teachers have done the traditional physics courses that do not include any influence from physics education research. Teacher education is surely one factor underlying the top scores of Finnish students. However, it is not only one and many other reasons can also be presented. )

Hirvonen, Pekka

2010-02-01

12

Study Orientations in Different Tutoring Environments: University Language Students' First Two Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the study orientations of students in a two-year follow-up in two Finnish universities that had different tutoring systems. Both universities offered tutoring of first-year students by senior students, but one also offered tutoring by staff members. The study orientations of students were assessed on the basis of their…

Honkimaki, Sanna; Tynjala, Paivi

2007-01-01

13

Stories of Change: TieVie - The Support Service for Finnish Universities Toward the Information Society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, the authors discuss and evaluate the TieVie capacity building project for Finnish universities in a larger historical context of strategic developments in the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in learning. The TieVie project was a support service project for the Finnish Virtual University (FVU) which offered training in the educational use of ICT to the staff of Finnish universities in 2001-2008. It was financed by the Ministry of Education as part of the Virtual University project funding till the end of 2006. During 2007-2008, the program was fee-funded. The project was designed and implemented by the educational development support service units of five universities: Universities of Oulu, Turku, Jyväskylä, and Helsinki, and Helsinki University of Technology. The TieVie project was launched on the basis of the need to strengthen the e-Learning skills and expertise among Finnish university staff. This need was recognized in the national strategy for education, training, and research in the information society outlined by the Ministry of Education in 2000.

Kairamo, Anna-Kaarina; Sinko, Matti

14

Cognitive Linguistic Performances of Multilingual University Students Suspected of Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-performing adults with compensated dyslexia pose particular challenges to dyslexia diagnostics. We compared the performance of 20 multilingual Finnish university students with suspected dyslexia with 20 age-matched and education-matched controls on an extensive test battery. The battery tapped various aspects of reading, writing, word…

Lindgren, Signe-Anita; Laine, Matti

2011-01-01

15

International outreach for promoting open geoscience content in Finnish university libraries - libraries as the advocates of citizen science awareness on emerging open geospatial data repositories in Finnish society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In their Finnish National Spatial Strategy 2010-2015 the Finland's Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry delineated e.g. that spatial data skills should support citizens everyday activities and facilitate decision-making and participation of citizens. Studies also predict that open data, particularly open spatial data, would create, when fully realizing their potential, a 15% increase into the turnovers of Finnish private sector companies. Finnish libraries have a long tradition of serving at the heart of Finnish information society. However, with the emerging possibilities of educating their users on open spatial data a very few initiatives have been made. The National Survey of Finland opened its data in 2012. Finnish technology university libraries, such as Aalto University Library, are open environments for all citizens, and seem suitable of being the first thriving entities in educating citizens on open geospatial data. There are however many obstacles to overcome, such as lack of knowledge about policies, lack of understanding of geospatial data services and insufficient know-how of GIS software among the personnel. This framework examines the benefits derived from an international collaboration between Purdue University Libraries and Aalto University Library to create local strategies in implementing open spatial data education initiatives in Aalto University Library's context. The results of this international collaboration are explicated for the benefit of the field as a whole.

Rousi, A. M.; Branch, B. D.; Kong, N.; Fosmire, M.

2013-12-01

16

Perceptions of identity among Finnish university-based subject teacher educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to explore how Finnish university-based subject teacher educators perceived their professional identity. Several factors related to professional identity were analysed. Subject teacher educators are initially subject teachers who have proceeded to the doctorate level. They form a small academic group within a larger faculty milieu with only partial responsibility for a teacher education

Marja-Terttu Tryggvason

2012-01-01

17

Perceptions of identity among Finnish university-based subject teacher educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to explore how Finnish university-based subject teacher educators perceived their professional identity. Several factors related to professional identity were analysed. Subject teacher educators are initially subject teachers who have proceeded to the doctorate level. They form a small academic group within a larger faculty milieu with only partial responsibility for a teacher education

Marja-Terttu Tryggvason

2011-01-01

18

Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity of Finnish Lutheran 7 th - 9th Grade Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presented a 29-item Intercultural and Religious Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (IRSSQ) that is based on the Bennett's (1993) Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS). Psychometric properties of the IRSS were tested with an empirical sample of 249 seventh, eighth and ninth grade students of the Finnish comp rehensive school attending Lutheran religious education. Two research questions were examined: 1)

Kristiina Holm; Petri Nokelainen; Kirsi Tirri

19

Defining and Measuring Technical Thinking: Students' Technical Abilities in Finnish Comprehensive Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of 116 Finnish fifth- through ninth-graders used a problem-solving technology and crafts curriculum with computers; a control group (n=151) used traditional crafts curriculum and instruction. Results for motor skill development, technical knowledge, and emotional engagement suggest that all students should receive a balanced curriculum of…

Autio, Ossi; Hansen, Ron

2002-01-01

20

Relationship of Gender and Academic Achievement to Finnish Students' Intercultural Sensitivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the intercultural sensitivity of Finnish 12-16-year-old secondary school students (N=549) with a 23-item Intercultural Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (ICSSQ). The ICSSQ is based on Bennett's (1993) Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS), which is a conceptual tool to situate certain reactions towards cultural…

Holm, Kristiina; Nokelainen, Petri; Tirri, Kirsi

2009-01-01

21

Finnish Pre-Service Teachers' and Upper Secondary Students' Understanding of Division and Reasoning Strategies Used  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we focus on Finnish pre-service elementary teachers' (N = 269) and upper secondary students' (N = 1,434) understanding of division. In the questionnaire, we used the following non-standard division problem: "We know that 498:6 = 83. How could you conclude from this relationship (without using long-division algorithm) what 491:6 = ?…

Kaasila, Raimo; Pehkonen, Erkki; Hellinen, Anu

2010-01-01

22

Studying at University as Part of Student Life and Identity Construction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines how students see their time at university as part of life and identity construction. The research data are based on a questionnaire administered to Finnish-speaking undergraduates at the University of Jyvaskyla on the topic "How do you see your time as a student from the perspective of life construction?" A total of…

Lairio, Marjatta; Puukari, Sauli; Kouvo, Anne

2013-01-01

23

Workforce Competencies of Finnish Plant Production Graduates as Assessed by Students, Employers and Faculty Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the extent to which Finnish horticulture graduates' assessments of their work force competencies differ from those of their teachers and employers. Questionnaires were sent to all 68 plant production graduates of the University of Helsinki's plant production program from 1990-1993, a sample of 38 employers representing…

Jaakkola, Ritva; And Others

24

Prognostic factors associated with improved outcome of Escherichia coli bacteremia in a Finnish university hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

All cases of bacteremia caused solely byEscherichia coli in 1977–1979, 1987–1989, and 1993–1994 in a Finnish university hospital were reviewed retrospectively to determine the clinical manifestations, the outcome, and the prognostic factors. In 332 episodes, mortality during the month after the first positive blood culture was 17%. This figure diminished during the study period from 23% in the 1970s to

A. Kuikka; A. Sivonen; A. Emelianova; V. V. Valtonen

1997-01-01

25

Education Policies for Raising Student Learning: The Finnish Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that system-wide excellence in student learning is attainable at reasonable cost, using education policies differing from conventional market-oriented reform strategies prevalent in many other countries. In this respect, Finland is an example of a nation that has developed from a remote agrarian/industrial state in the 1950s to…

Sahlberg, Pasi

2007-01-01

26

The Student as University Resident.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The distinction between the student as campus resident (if the residential relationship is viewed as one of contract) and the student as private citizen appears to be fair to both university and student. But, whether the university is considered primarily an academic institution or an instrument of government, the off campus/on campus distinction…

Van Alstyne, William W.

1968-01-01

27

Label Reading for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate comprehension of food labeling in the university student. The release of the new Nutrition Facts food label provided a unique opportunity to assess skill in interpreting the new information provided on the label. One hundred and eighty-four university students enrolled in a basic level nutrition course were tested before receiving classroom education.

D. A. Downes; C. K. Probart; E. L. Mattes

1995-01-01

28

Gifted Students' Transition to University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from school to university presents novel demands for all students. Although this educational milestone has been addressed by scholars, particularly those interested in the study of higher education, there is a dearth of literature regarding gifted students' experience of their handling demands of first-year university. In the…

Mendaglio, Sal

2013-01-01

29

Multilingual Dyslexia in University Students: Reading and Writing Patterns in Three Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated reading and writing in two domestic languages (Swedish and Finnish) and one foreign language (English) among multilingual university students with (n = 20) versus without dyslexia (n = 20). Our analyses encompassed overall speed and accuracy measures and an in-depth analysis of grapheme-phoneme-grapheme errors and inflectional…

Lindgren, Signe-Anita; Laine, Matti

2011-01-01

30

The Finnish University from 1965 to 1985: Expansion as Reflected in the Subsequent Life Patterns of 1965 University Entrants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A followup study of 1965 applicants to the University of Helsinki focusing on the high school-university transition; student-college relationship, entry into the labor force, and memories of the university in the 1960s are discussed from the perspectives of life patterns and the changes in higher education since that time. (MSE)

Hayrynen, Yrjo-Paavo

1986-01-01

31

Coping with stalking among university students.  

PubMed

The present study examined behavioral coping actions and coping strategies in relation to specific contextual factors (e.g., victim-stalker relationship, stalking violence, duration of stalking, and prior victimization) among Finnish university students. Participants completed a stalking survey, also including items concerning coping. Victims of violent stalking threatened the stalker with the use of certain legal actions significantly more compared with victims of nonviolent stalking, but no difference in the actual use of formal help was found. Instead victims of stalking tried to avoid the stalker or turned to friends and family for help. Victim-stalker relationship, stalker violence, and number of stalking episodes had a significant main effect on certain coping strategies (e.g., positive reappraisal, escape-avoidance, and problem-solving), while no interaction effect was found. The findings suggest that knowledge of victim-coping behavior and strategies is crucial for health care and law enforcement professionals when devising appropriate support for victims and developing multidisciplinary approaches. PMID:20565009

Björklund, Katja; Häkkänen-Nyholm, Helinä; Sheridan, Lorraine; Roberts, Karl

2010-01-01

32

Implementing Quality Management in the University: The Role of Leadership in Finnish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates how university leaders in Finland implement quality management in their respective institutions. The study uses a modified model of the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) Excellence Model as a theoretical base in eliciting information on quality management strategies from the senior academic leaders in these…

Anyamele, Stephen Chukwu

2005-01-01

33

Student Involvement and the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 14 pamphlets in the New Dimensions in Higher Education series, first developed by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare during the 1960's, The essays are prefaced with a discussion of the need for involvement of students in the educational process, the role of teachers in the function of the university, and the goals…

Hatch, Winslow R., Comp.

34

Defining and Measuring Technical Thinking: Students' Technical Abilities in Finnish Comprehensive Schools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The terms "technical" and "technology" are widely used by educators, workplace practitioners, and the general public. Seldom, however, is there a written explanation of a technologist's or technician's attributes (Hansen, 1994; Ropohl, 1997). What do technicians know and do? Also absent from public consciousness is a sense of what constitutes the design or problem-solving process which precedes any technological act. By comparison, media depictions of technology as computers, electronics, and tools are widespread and the public appetite for these depictions is extensive. In teacher education and in schooling itself the subject through which technical skills and knowledge are imparted suffers from confusion about definition as well. What is technical thinking? What is technical aptitude? Why is it that technology teachers can recognize this ability when it is observed in students but they, and educators generally, have difficulty documenting the essence of it in writing? To expose what it means to be a technologist, the investigators in this research project examine what students in Finland's schools learn in their study and practice of technology. Why, you might ask, would the authors attempt to better understand what it means to have a technical orientation or technical ability by studying school children, in this case Finnish children? The answer has two parts. First, from a research perspective, children's responses to adult inquiries are often more informative and authentic than those of adults. Secondly, teachers of technology have had to think about their field, especially how to teach it. In doing so, they have to know about the substance of their subject. By comparison, practicing technicians and technologists may not have been required to think through what they know and do, much less express it. Target Audience: General Public

Autio, Ossi; Hansen, Ron

2009-10-20

35

Inclusion Seen by Student Teachers in Special Education: Differences among Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes various views of special teacher students towards inclusion. In order to examine these, we analysed a series of statements made by students in Finland, Norway and Sweden. The specific aims were to see how these views can be seen as supportive or challenging for inclusion in schools. A questionnaire with one closed question…

Takala, Marjatta; Haussttatter, Rune Sarromaa; Ahl, Astrid; Head, George

2012-01-01

36

Research on Chinese University Students’ Media Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

At present, university students, as the "after 90" and a new generation of young intellectuals, are being paid generally attentions by mass media. Nevertheless, university students’ public images are on a decline as they have negative news appeared ceaselessly. Contemporary university students are becoming a group of people who are gazed at fixedly by the media. Moreover, the media keeps

Haifei Yu Chengliang Zhang

2013-01-01

37

The Acquisition of English Sentential Complementation by Adult Speakers of Finnish. Jyvaskyla Cross-Language Studies, No. 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The acquisition of English sentential complementation by adult native speakers of Finnish was investigated. Forty-three Finnish university students were administered a written test consisting of production tasks, subcategorization and syntactic categories, and comprehension items. Cross sectional data were analyzed to determine whether an…

Schwarte, Barbara S.

38

An output comparison of open university and conventional university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous economic studies of the Open University have concentrated on the cost side; this paper looks at the output of the Open University compared to conventional universities. In 1976 multiple choice questions were included in the two second level economics examination papers (D222 and D282); norming data for these questions had already been generated for thousands of university students from

Keith Lumsden; Alex Scott

1982-01-01

39

Subjective Well-Being among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of subjective well-being to gender, perceived economic status, perceived parental attitudes, satisfaction with physical appearance, religious belief, and locus of control among university students. The sample of the study consisted of 700 university students of Hacettepe University during…

Tuzgol Dost, Meliha

2006-01-01

40

An Empirical Description Of University Student Subcultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study has suggested a technique for describing student orientations at a university using an instrument given annually to all undergraduates. Findings have implications for admissions policies, changes in faculty student relations, curriculum and counseling programs. (Author)

Fiore, Neil A.; Sedlacek, William E.

1972-01-01

41

University students' conceptions of basic astronomy concepts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A questionnaire of 19 questions given to 76 students entering an `Introduction to astronomy' course at university showed that the students held a series of misconceptions on several central topics in basic astronomy.

Trumper, Ricardo

2005-11-28

42

Abortion Attitudes Among University Students in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report hypothesized that Indian university students approve of abortion, that religiosity neutralizes the influence of education in abortion attitudes, and that Indian students are more liberal in their attitudes on abortion than American Catholic students. To test these hypotheses, the author collected data from 150 students from two…

Bardis, Panos D.

43

Students' Engagement in First-Year University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on seven calibrated scales of student engagement emerging from a large-scale study of first year undergraduate students in Australian universities. The analysis presents insights into contemporary undergraduate student engagement, including online, self-managed, peer and student-staff engagement. The results point to the…

Krause, Kerri-Lee; Coates, Hamish

2008-01-01

44

Factors Affecting Students' Retention at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the factors that affect students' retention at Kuwait University. Five hundred seventy students participated in the study. A survey of 22 retention factors was designed to measure student perceptions. Students presented their agreement on factors which included: achieving personal aspiration, getting jobs, free-of-charge…

AlKandari, Nabila

2008-01-01

45

Enlistment Propensities of University Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Enlistment propensities of undergraduates were assessed through surveys conducted at Northwestern University, University of Arizona, University of California-Los Angeles, and University of Illinois-Chicago. The core finding was that there is a definite, a...

C. Moskos

2004-01-01

46

University students, mental health and development.  

PubMed

University students of the late 1960s and 1970s have been included in a study of factors affecting their mental health and academic functioning in many countries and cultures. Social change and intergenerational conflict were seen to be almost inseparable as social, economic and political concerns involve both students and their countries. Results of studies at Dalhousie University, six British universities, and the University of Singapore are examined in light of the socioeconomic problems existing at the time. High unemployment of university graduates, a growing factor in developing and developed nations, is pointed to as a major stress during a university education in the late 1970s. PMID:679139

Gold, J H

1978-08-01

47

Cognitive-linguistic performances of multilingual university students suspected of dyslexia.  

PubMed

High-performing adults with compensated dyslexia pose particular challenges to dyslexia diagnostics. We compared the performance of 20 multilingual Finnish university students with suspected dyslexia with 20 age-matched and education-matched controls on an extensive test battery. The battery tapped various aspects of reading, writing, word retrieval, phonological processing and other cognitive functions relevant for dyslexia. Reading and writing were examined in the two domestic languages, Swedish and Finnish. The most prominent group differences in reading and writing emerged on accuracy measures in both languages (reading text aloud, proofreading, writing to dictation, free writing). The dyslexia group also performed less well on speeded segmentation of written input, complex speeded naming and complex phoneme manipulation. The pattern of results fits the phonological deficit hypothesis of dyslexia and indicates the presence of pervasive underlying defects in compensated dyslexia. PMID:21500321

Lindgrén, Signe-Anita; Laine, Matti

2011-05-01

48

Connecting Students across Universities in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study reports results of an experiment in which the author and her students at King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia shared an online grammar course with a professor and his students at Umm Al-Qura University (UQU) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia using www.makkahelearning.net. The experiment proved to be a total failure. Factors…

Al-Jarf, Reima Sado

2005-01-01

49

Building Bridges: Understanding Student Transition to University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores challenges in ensuring effective student transition from school or college to university. It examines the complex liaison needed for students to progress to appropriate courses, settle into university life and succeed as higher education learners. Secondary data (international literature on transition and the formation of…

Briggs, A. R. J.; Clark, J.; Hall, I.

2012-01-01

50

Students' Mental Health: Personal and University Determinants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was to examine the effects of personal and university bounded factors in students mental health in north of Fars province, Iran. The effects of these factors on university students' psychopathology within a survey design were investigated among 300 participants--94 males and 206 females, who were selected through random sampling…

Khodarahimi, Siamak; Rasti, Ali; Khajehie, Malihe; Sattar, Rea

2009-01-01

51

Allocation of Students in North African Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student bodies at public universities in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia have grown rapidly, outside the direct control of university authorities. How the three North African nations differ in their policies regulating which students may study which subjects, and the implications of these policies for the goals of higher education are discussed.…

Jones, Marie Thourson

1981-01-01

52

Core Knowledge Confusions among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have demonstrated that university students hold several paranormal beliefs and that paranormal beliefs can be best explained with core knowledge confusions. The aim of this study was to explore to what extent university students confuse the core ontological attributes of lifeless material objects (e.g. a house, a stone), living…

Lindeman, Marjaana; Svedholm, Annika M.; Takada, Mikito; Lonnqvist, Jan-Erik; Verkasalo, Markku

2011-01-01

53

Multiple Intelligences of Students at Jordanian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed at investigating different intelligence types among Jordanian students at different public and private universities in Jordan. To achieve such aim, it sought to identify and rank multiple intelligences that characterize students at Jordanian universities, and to identify and rank the differences in multiple intelligences…

Khataybeh, Abdalla; Al-Sheikh, Kholoud

2011-01-01

54

Internet Censorship in Turkey: University Students' Opinions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to study university students' opinions toward online censorship with references to their socio-political and economic variables. Considering the upwards trend and the increasing number of online restrictions in Turkey, the opinions of university students (n=138) are thought to give significant findings. The questionnaire…

Ozkan, Hasan; Arikan, Arda

2009-01-01

55

The University and Student Political Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research has identified a substantial positive relationship between college attendance and civic engagement. This article examines student experiences with university academics and ancillary programs to determine which of these, if any, motivate increased student engagement. Various student characteristics were evaluated to determine their…

Simmons, James R.; Lilly, Bryan

2010-01-01

56

University Students' Perceptions of Their Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the dimensions of the university students' perceptions of their science classes and whether or not the students' perceptions differ significantly as regards to the gender and grade level in six main categories namely; (1) pedagogical strategies, (2) faculty interest in teaching, (3) students interest…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Kilic, Ziya; Akdeniz, Ali Riza

2004-01-01

57

Canadian Hearing Impaired Students in Canadian Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian government has established three centers of educational excellence especially for hearing impaired and deaf college students at the University of Alberta, the University of Western Ontario, and the Atlantic Centre at St. Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The centre has initiated such activities as a faculty awareness program,…

Leitch, David A.

1986-01-01

58

Students’ preferences for university: a conjoint analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tertiary education has become more competitive in recent years due to reductions in government funding and higher student fees. As the nature of the environment grows more competitive, the role of marketing, previously non-existent in most universities, has grown significantly. One of the key pieces of information that would assist a university’s marketing effort is an understanding of what determines

Geoffrey N. Soutar; Julia P. Turner

2002-01-01

59

Marketing Australian Universities to Thai Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Thai students' perceptions regarding the quality of the Australian university system. Research findings reveal that (a) it is very important to maintain and safeguard the university's superior reputation, as it is the most important factor influencing Thais to choose one university over other institutions; (b) information on…

Pimpa, Nattavud

2005-01-01

60

Investigating Student Understanding of the Universe: Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chicago State University (CSU) offers an introductory astronomy course that services students from a variety of majors including pre-service teachers. At CSU, we have been investigating methods and tools that will improve student conceptual understanding in astronomy for this diverse group of students. We have analyzed pre-course surveys, pre-course essays, exams, and interviews in an effort to better understand the ideas and difficulties in understanding that students have in regards to the structure of the universe. Analysis of written essays has revealed that our students do have some knowledge of the objects in the universe, but interviews inform us that their understanding of the structure of the universe is superficial. This project is a part of a larger study; also see our posters on student ideas about dark matter, the age and expansion of the universe, and perceptions of astronomical sizes and distances. This work was supported by NASA ROSES E/PO Grant #NNXlOAC89G, as well as by the Illinois Space Grant Consortium and National Science Foundation CCLI Grant #0632563 at Chicago State University and the Fermi E/PO program at Sonoma State University.

Hayes, Virginia; Coble, K.; Nickerson, M.; Cochran, G.; Camarillo, C. T.; Bailey, J. M.; McLin, K. M.; Cominsky, L. R.

2011-05-01

61

Depression and Related Problems in University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Method: Depression and related problems were studied in a sample of 283 university students. Results: The students with high depression scores also had high scores on anxiety, intrusive thoughts, controlling intrusive thoughts and sleep disturbances scales. A stepwise regression suggested that those problems contributed to a significant proportion…

Field, Tiffany; Diego, Miguel; Pelaez, Martha; Deeds, Osvelia; Delgado, Jeannette

2012-01-01

62

Student Perceptions of Thai University Initiations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently there have been several sensational reports of serious consequences of freshmen initiation rites at Thai universities. The purpose of this study was to investigate Thai freshmen students' perceptions of the faculty initiation process. For this study, roughly 1,000 freshmen students took a pre-test during the first week of their…

Grubbs, Samuel J.

2013-01-01

63

Student Mobility between Ontario's Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The movement of students between postsecondary institutions is becoming increasingly common and has created a need for greater emphasis on postsecondary education (PSE) pathways. This report outlines the available data on postsecondary student mobility within Ontario, with a focus on mobility between Ontario's colleges and universities. For…

Colleges Ontario, 2009

2009-01-01

64

Mental health literacy among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the mental health literacy of students. This study is part of the growing interest in mental health literacy among young people. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Over 400 university students indicated their knowledge of over 90 psychiatric illnesses labels derived from DSM:IV. They rated disorders on six questions concerning whether they had heard

Adrian Furnham; Richard Cook; Neil Martin; Mark Batey

2011-01-01

65

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

66

Student Centrality in University-Industry Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a model of interactions between university scientists and the private sector in which graduate students feature as important enablers. This conceptualization proposes that students represent a dimension of scientists' research capacity which improves their ability to identify and act on industry-related opportunities, and which…

Ponomariov, Branco

2009-01-01

67

Obstacles to Personal Creativity among University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined personal obstacles to creativity among 385 university students in Brazil. The highest factor was lack of time/opportunity, followed by inhibition/shyness. Male students had higher scores in the factor labeled "lack of motivation," while the social repression factor score was higher for females. (Contains references.) (Author/CR)

de Alencar, Eunice M. L. Soriano

2001-01-01

68

Ethical and unethical food. Social representations among Finnish, Danish and Italian students.  

PubMed

The consumption of ethical food is an area of major growth. The aim of the current study was to identify ethical concerns regarding food. University students (N=403) from Finland, Denmark and Italy completed a word association task, in which the given stimulus words were "ethical food" and "unethical food". The data was first analysed qualitatively. Next, the most relevant, core categories were identified based on the frequency, rank and contextual stability. The results indicated that fourteen categories reflect the content and nature of ethical thinking with respect to food. The identified categories were required/prohibited food, natural/unnatural, local/global, healthy/unhealthy, equality/inequality, good animal welfare/poor animal welfare, rules and descriptions. In all countries, the core categories emerging from the stimulus word "ethical food" were the required food and the natural, while the core category identified from the stimulus word "unethical food" was the prohibited food. The most prevalent differences between the countries concerned the role of health, country of origin and the descriptions. In conclusion, various ethical aspects are considered when food is evaluated in ethical terms, but the relevance of these aspects differ, even in the European context. PMID:21277922

Mäkiniemi, Jaana-Piia; Pirttilä-Backman, Anna-Maija; Pieri, Michelle

2011-04-01

69

Measuring Entrepreneurial Orientation of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the measurement of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in the student population of different academic programmes, in order to enhance entrepreneurship-related procedures within universities. Design/methodology/approach: A survey-based tool for measuring EO is presented and used in one university. The…

Taatila, Vesa; Down, Samuel

2012-01-01

70

University Student Involvement in Public School Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a cooperative program among the public schools, local Parent Teacher Associations, and the Auburn University Education Department in Montgomery, Alabama. In the program, Auburn University students were enrolled in block courses in the areas of language arts, social studies, mathematics, and science and worked from four to six…

Gordon, Bruce Graham

71

University Student Employment: Insights Gained under Pressure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the perilous state of Chinese university graduates in seeking jobs. This pressure has given people many valuable insights, enabling them to look at the problems among university students and the direction of higher education development from a new perspective. To overcome this problem, the State Council held a…

Wei, Ding

2005-01-01

72

Student Street. Students' Union Housing, University of Alberta  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The world's longest skylighted galleria (main street for student residents at the University of Alberta) is the lifeline of a 950-foot long complex of apartments and shops sponsored by the student government and architecturally designed to fit over an existing street. (Author/MF)

Dixon, John Morris

1974-01-01

73

Quality Assurance Processes in Finnish Universities: Direct and Indirect Outcomes and Organisational Conditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Finland, quality assurance related to the Bologna process has been adapted to existing systems of higher education at the national level and a form of implementation is also recognised at the level of the higher education institution. In universities, varied outcomes of quality assurance are based on interaction of organisational structures,…

Haapakorpi, Arja

2011-01-01

74

Why (Not) Assess? Views from the Academic Departments of Finnish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Europe, national quality assurance systems of higher education have begun to be established. In Finland, this development has had the consequence of forcing universities to take notice of assessment procedures. However, little is known about the procedures taking place in individual academic departments as a result of this pan-European trend.…

Huusko, Mira; Ursin, Jani

2010-01-01

75

Argumentation Skills as Prerequisites for Collaborative Learning among Finnish, French, and English Secondary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argumentation skills of secondary school students were evaluated in Finland (n?=?290), France (n?=?54), and England (n?=?41). The data were collected from 4 tasks comprising 7 variables. The results indicated that most of the students had correctly justified arguments and conclusions, and composed clear claims and relevant arguments. However, many students had difficulties in recognising the main claim and arguments for

Miika Marttunen; Leena Laurinen; Lia Litosseliti; Kristine Lund

2005-01-01

76

Factors Associated with Improved Outcome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bacteremia in a Finnish University Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

All 134 episodes of bacteremia caused solely by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a university hospital in the periods 1976–1982 and 1992–1996 were reviewed retrospectively to determine the clinical manifestations,\\u000a outcome and prognostic factors. The mortality for the 30-day interval after drawing the first positive blood culture was 41%,\\u000a but dropped from 53% in the first period to 29% in the second

A. Kuikka; V. V. Valtonen

1998-01-01

77

Core Knowledge Confusions Among University Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous studies have demonstrated that university students hold several paranormal beliefs and that paranormal beliefs can be best explained with core knowledge confusions. The aim of this study was to explore to what extent university students confuse the core ontological attributes of lifeless material objects (e.g. a house, a stone), living organisms (e.g. plants), and mental states (e.g., thoughts); whether some core knowledge confusions are more common than others; whether the confusions differ between students from different fields of study, and to replicate the finding that paranormal beliefs increase together with core knowledge confusions. The results showed that half of the participants considered at least four, and one quarter of the participants considered 8-30 confusion statements to be literally true and that the confusions were strongly and positively associated with the amount of paranormal beliefs. The findings indicate that university education does not abolish the misconceptions that characterize children's thinking.

Lindeman, Marjaana; Svedholm, Annika M.; Takada, Mikito; Lönnqvist, Jan-Erik; Verkasalo, Markku

2011-05-01

78

University/NETL Student Partnership Program  

SciTech Connect

The University/National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Student Partnership Program stimulated basic and applied research in Energy and Environmental Science areas through NETL's Office of Science and Technology (OST). This Partnership Program supported the education of graduate students in Energy and Environmental Sciences, while fostering increased scientific interaction between NETL and the participating universities, by providing graduate student support for research at a NETL facility under the joint supervision of NETL and university faculty. Projects were intended to enhance a previously established scientific or engineering relationship or to create a new relationship. Major areas of research under the Partnership Program included CO{sub 2} sequestration, granular solids flow, multi-phase flow in porous solids, gas hydrates, nanotubes, acid-mine flow identification and remediation, water-gas shift reaction, circulating fluidized beds, slurry bubble column, fuel desulphurization, carbon fibers, and fuel cells.

Gerald Holder; Jonathan Mathews; Thomas Wilson; Steven Chuang; Cristina Amon; Turgay Ertekin; Karl Johnson; Goodarz Ahmadi; David Sholl

2006-10-31

79

Cheating among University of Transkei students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which cheating in academic work occurs at this university. 58 participants registered for a postgraduate diploma in education responded to a questionnaire on cheating. Some students admitted engaging in every behaviour; however, the percentage of students so engaged was much lower than those reported among British and American institutions of higher learning. This may partly be attributed to respondents being reluctant to divulge their dishonesty. PMID:11026404

Mwamwenda, T S; Monyooe, L A

2000-08-01

80

Measuring Student Satisfaction at a UK University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on the design and use of a questionnaire to measure student satisfaction at Liverpool John Moores University's Faculty of Business and Law. Design/methodology/approach: The paper utilised the concept of the service-product bundle to design the survey questionnaire and then used SPSS and Quadrant…

Douglas, Jacqueline; Douglas, Alex; Barnes, Barry

2006-01-01

81

Mindfulness, Stress, and Coping among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 135 first-year university students living in residence completed questionnaires that measured individual differences in mindfulness, coping styles, and perceived stress. Findings revealed significant positive relationships between mindfulness and rational coping, and significant negative relationships with emotional and avoidant coping…

Palmer, Angele; Rodger, Susan

2009-01-01

82

University Students' Attitudes: Croatia versus Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We surveyed Croatian and Turkish business school students, from universities emphasizing globalization, to analyze whether consideration for travel to the USA is affected by attitude toward their own country and the USA. The results from comparing and contrasting differences between these countries and differences between males and females in each…

Schnurr, Norman V.; Racic, Stanko; Gelo, Tomislav

2011-01-01

83

Student Target Marketing Strategies for Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As colleges and universities adopt marketing orientations to an ever-increasing extent, the relative merits of mass marketing and target marketing must also be explored. Researchers identify buyer types as potential students focused on quality, value or economy. On the other axis, learner types are described as those who focus on career,…

Lewison, Dale M.; Hawes, Jon M.

2007-01-01

84

Investigating University Students' Beliefs about Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to investigate beliefs students usually held about language learning, based on the Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory (BALLI) questionnaire (Horwitz, 1988). For this purpose, 423 University learners of English in Iran were selected. Running descriptive statistics and the scree plot test, five factors were extracted:…

Mohebi, Sanaz Ghobadi; Khodadady, Ebrahim

2011-01-01

85

International Students and the American University Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the adjustments that international students encounter when studying at colleges in the United States is the transition to independent research in an American university library. Studies indicate that Non-Native Speakers of English is the population most likely to suffer from library anxiety and therefore most at risk for lowered academic…

Patton, Beth Ann

86

The Military Socialization of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revision of a paper presented at the American Sociological Association meetings, Denver, Colo., 1971. The effects of military training in a university setting on the attitudes of prospective army officers are examined. ROTC recruits students with militaristic attitudes; the Corps serves to insulate cadets from the liberalizing effects of the…

Goertzel, Ted; Hengst, Acco

1971-01-01

87

Predicting First Year University Students' Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Premature withdrawal from university due to academic failure can present problems for students, families and educators. In an effort to widen the understanding regarding factors predicting academic success in higher institutions, prior academic achievement measures (preparatory school grade average point (GPA), aptitude test scores,…

Olani, Aboma

2009-01-01

88

Student Satisfaction Survey: The Utrecht University Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing attention on quality assurance, a decentralisation of responsibilities and need for quantitative data in accountability and decision support led to the development of a student satisfaction monitoring instrument at Utrecht University (UU). Initially marketing worked as a catalyst activity to prove the added value. At a later stage the…

Moller, Onno

2006-01-01

89

University Students' Grasp of Inflection Points  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes university students' grasp of inflection points. The participants were asked what inflection points are, to mark inflection points on graphs, to judge the validity of related statements, and to find inflection points by investigating (1) a function, (2) the derivative, and (3) the graph of the derivative. We found four…

Tsamir, Pessia; Ovodenko, Regina

2013-01-01

90

A Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Based on a wirelessly-enabled Pocket PC, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for the context of learning. The trial set out to identify what are the key tools for such a learning device. The primary uses

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Tony Chan; Susan Bull

2004-01-01

91

Stressors and Reactions to Stressors Among University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: University students are prone to stressors due to the transitional nature of university life. High levels of stress are believed to affect students’ health as well as their academic performance.Aims: The aims of this study were to identify stressors and reactions to stressors among university students, and to examine the correlations between student stressors and study variables.Methods: A correlational

Shaher H. Hamaideh

2011-01-01

92

Cancer Awareness among University Students in Turkey.  

PubMed

Background: One of the most important reasons for the high mortality rates of cancer is the low level of awareness, which can lead to a late diagnosis and treatments starting too late. Therefore, it is necessary for individuals, especially at younger age, to gain awareness and integrate taking the necessary precautions into their lifestyle in order to prevent cancer and ensure early diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the levels of awareness of factors for major cancers among students studying in two different campuses of a university in the Western Black Sea Region. Materials and Methods: This descriptive/cross-sectional study was performed between January-March 2014. Students studying in the 2013-2014 academic year in a university in the Western Black Sea Region in two separate campuses were the subjects. Results: The mean age was 21.01±3.63. While female students (51.2%) were the majority in the health sciences campus (74.8%), male students (48.8% ) were the majority in the social sciences campus (76.5%). Some 9.6% of the students from the health sciences campus and 12.4% of the students from the social sciences campus thought that cancer was communicable, while most of the students from both campuses knew that smoking caused cancer. It can also be seen that the rate of answering questions regarding cancer correctly was higher among students studying in the health sciences campus. Conclusions: It was determined that students who do not study at the health sciences campus have insufficient information on cancer, cancer symptoms, and the possibility of breast cancer in males and approximately half of them regarded obesity as a risk factor for cancer. PMID:24935386

Kurtuncu, Meltem; Akhan, Latife Utas; Celik, Sevecen; Alkan, Isin

2014-01-01

93

Schoolwork engagement and burnout among Finnish high school students and young adults: profiles, progressions, and educational outcomes.  

PubMed

Applying a person-centered approach, the primary aim of this study was to examine what profiles of schoolwork engagement and burnout (i.e., exhaustion, cynicism, inadequacy) can be identified in high school (N = 979) and among the same participants in young adulthood (ages ranging from 17 to 25). We also examined gender differences, group differences in academic and socioemotional functioning and long-term educational outcomes, and temporal stability in the group memberships. Latent profile analysis identified 4 groups of students in high school. Both engaged (44%) and engaged-exhausted (28%) students were engaged and doing well in school, although engaged-exhausted students were more stressed and preoccupied with possible failures. Cynical (14%) and burned-out (14%) students were less engaged, valued school less, and had lower academic achievement. Cynical students, however, were less stressed, exhausted, and depressed than burned-out students. Six years later, engaged students were more likely than predicted by chance to attend university. In young adulthood, 4 similar groups were identified. Configural frequency analysis indicated that it was typical for engaged students to stay in the engaged group and for engaged-exhausted students to move into a more disengaged group. The results on broadband stability from adolescence to young adulthood showed that 60% of the youth manifested stable engaged and 7% stable disengaged patterns, whereas 16% displayed emergent engagement and 17% emergent disengagement patterns. Overall, the findings demonstrate that adolescence is not a uniform time for either school engagement and well-being or disengagement and distress. PMID:23895174

Tuominen-Soini, Heta; Salmela-Aro, Katariina

2014-03-01

94

Information Found and Not Found: What University Websites Tell Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how graduate students experience their university websites, or the institutional "virtual face." The sample included graduate students admitted to online and blended higher education programs at Texas Tech University and the University of Memphis. A total of 42 students provided open-ended answers to questions about…

Meyer, Katrina A.; Jones, Stephanie

2011-01-01

95

Non-Medical Prescription Drug Use among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Non-medical prescription drug use is an increasing problem among university students. Purpose: The present study investigated university students' involvement in non-medical prescription drug (NMPD) use and associations between use and other risky behaviors. Methods: A sample of 363 university students completed a four page survey…

Vidourek, Rebecca A.; King, Keith A.; Knopf, Ellen E.

2010-01-01

96

Information literacy: implications for Mexican and Spanish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing concern for universities is developing a new educational model in which the student is educated both for future social responsibilities, and where information literacy is viewed as a lifelong learning requirement. Thus, there is a pressing need for empirical analyses to identify the extent to which university students are information-literate. Therefore, an investigation of university students from two

Judith Licea de Arenas; José Vicente Rodríguez; José Antonio Gómez; Miguel Arenas

2004-01-01

97

International Students' Experiences of University Libraries and Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International students constitute a significant proportion of the Australian university population, and thus of the university library-using population. Drawing on qualitative research findings, this paper discusses the library-related experiences and perceptions of international students at two Australian universities. While the students'…

Hughes, Hilary

2010-01-01

98

Prior Mathematics Achievement, Cognitive Appraisals and Anxiety as Predictors of Finnish Students' Later Mathematics Performance and Career Orientation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this two-year longitudinal study was to investigate the role and impact of prior mathematics performance, cognitive appraisals and mathematics-specific, affective anxiety in determining later mathematics achievement and future career orientation among Finnish adolescents. The basic ideas of the control-value theory, assumed to be…

Kyttala, Minna; Bjorn, Piia Maria

2010-01-01

99

Migraine among medical students in Kuwait University  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students routinely have triggers, notably stress and irregular sleep, which are typically associated with migraine. We hypothesized that they may be at higher risk to manifest migraine. We aimed to determine the prevalence of migraine among medical students in Kuwait University. Methods This is cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. Participants who had two or more headaches in the last 3 months were subjected to two preliminary questions and participants with at least one positive response were asked to perform the validated Identification of Migraine (ID Migraine™) test. Frequency of headache per month and its severity were also reported. Results Migraine headache was suggested in 27.9% subjects based on ID-Migraine™. Migraine prevalence (35.5% and 44%, versus 31.1%, 25%, 21.1%, 14.8%, 26.5%, p?students in the last 2 years compared to first five years of their study. Stress 43 (24.9%), irregular sleep 36 (20.8%), and substantial reading tasks 32 (18.5%), were the most common triggering factors cited by the students. Conclusion The prevalence of migraine is higher among medical students in Kuwait University compared to other published studies. The migraine prevalence, frequency and headache severity, all increased in the final two years of education.

2014-01-01

100

Multilingual dyslexia in university students: Reading and writing patterns in three languages.  

PubMed

We investigated reading and writing in two domestic languages (Swedish and Finnish) and one foreign language (English) among multilingual university students with (n?=?20) versus without dyslexia (n?=?20). Our analyses encompassed overall speed and accuracy measures and an in-depth analysis of grapheme-phoneme-grapheme errors and inflectional errors. Dyslexic impairments were most conspicuous in word and sentence segmentation, accuracy in oral text reading, single word writing to dictation and free writing across the three languages, most prominently in English. The writing tasks exhibited significantly higher proportions of phoneme-to-grapheme errors in the dyslexia group, especially in English, and marginal differences in inflectional errors, again discernible in English. The results indicate that language proficiency and orthographic depth modulate the appearance of high-performing multilinguals' dyslexic problems in reading and writing. These problems surfaced most clearly in a less proficient foreign, orthographically opaque language. PMID:21453039

Lindgrén, Signe-Anita; Laine, Matti

2011-09-01

101

Kenyan university students' views on AIDS.  

PubMed

In view of the rapidly increasing number of AIDS cases reported in Kenya since 1984, a survey was conducted among Kenyatta University undergraduate students during October and November 1988 to gauge their knowledge, attitudes and practices with regard to the disease. A random sample of 344 individuals both men and women was interviewed. The results showed that almost everyone had heard about AIDS and the knowledge was spread evenly across gender. Although the students were able to identify the symptoms of a full blown AIDS victim, their knowledge on HIV was vague. Other findings were: that condoms were lowly rated as a strategy for minimizing the risk of contracting AIDS and the majority of the students attempted to reduce the chance of contracting the disease by having one sex partner. However, the students were apathetic about contracting the disease. In the event of becoming victims of AIDS, most of them indicated that they would not merely wait to die; instead they would commit suicide. In view of these findings, there is a case for educating this group on how to respond to the AIDS infection. PMID:8033774

Sindiga, I; Lukhando, M

1993-11-01

102

Measuring nutrition attitude among university students.  

PubMed

A nutrition attitude scale for use with university nutrition students was modeled on the Carruth and Anderson attitude scale. Content validity for the Attitude Toward Nutrition Scale (ATNS) was achieved by a review panel of experts. The ATNS and the Rokeach Dogmatism Scale were administered simultaneously for criterion-related validity indicating a reasonable construct relationship. Reliability was demonstrated by a coefficient alpha of 0.84 and a split-half reliabiltiy estimate of 0.86. The new scale excludes statements regarding nutrition knowledge and avoids sexist language. PMID:6827005

Boren, A R; Dixon, P N; Reed, D B

1983-03-01

103

Hypercholesterolemia Among Apparently Healthy University Students  

PubMed Central

Background Hypercholesterolemia (HC) is a major risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). Serum cholesterol is directly related to complications and mortalities associated with heart diseases. There are a few studies that describe HC among youths in the Arab Gulf countries. We sought to evaluate HC among young healthy university students to assess their risk of developing CHD. Methods Lipid profile of 166 students between the ages of 16-30 years (Mean: 20.49±2.96) were examined and blood glucose, total protein, albumin, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and the inflammation marker high sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) were determined. Each volunteer filled a questionnaire about her/his lifestyle and personal and family medical histories and height and weight were measured to determine body mass index (BMI). The data were analyzed using SPSS version 17. Chi-Square was used to determine the relation between categorical variables. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results According to the American Heart Association criteria, 44 (26.5%) students were identified with primary hypercholesterolemia (PHC) in the first testing round. After proper health counseling, the same tests were repeated after 2-3 weeks in all 44 hypercholesterolemic students. We found only 26 (15.6%) of them to be hypercholesterolemic. There was a significant relation between high total cholesterol (TC) and high TC/HDLC, as well as high or very high hsCRP and high TC/HDLC (both, p<0.001). Males tend to have higher TC/HDLC and hsCRP than females (both p0.002 and 0.005, respectively). Family history of CHD was found in 8 students and obesity was recorded in 5 volunteers. Conclusion The results necessitate further studies in determining the cause of PHC. We predict a genetic element contributing to the high percentage of PHC in the current study.

Shawar, Said M.; Al-Bati, Neda A.; Al-Mahameed, Ali; Nagalla, Das S.; Obeidat, Mohammed

2012-01-01

104

Styles of Studying in University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study styles employed by a sample of Finnish university students were investigated. In the first study phase, 238 students described general study styles/approaches, using a questionnaire developed by Entwistle, which included 30 Likert-type items from the following dimensions: achievement orientation, reproducing orientation, meaning…

Ropo, Eero

105

College Student Characteristics and Attitudes about University Summer School Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty-four students at a regional southeastern university completed an anonymous 24-item questionnaire which was developed and designed to assess attitudes and general reasons that students enrolled in summer school at the university. The data showed where students learned about summer school, why they enrolled, if they would enroll in the future…

Price, Kelly; Bradford, Sarah

2010-01-01

106

An Investigation into the Critical Thinking Skills of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to investigate into the critical thinking skills of late adolescent Turkish university students. The subjects of the study were the 39 students from the Department of Counseling Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Education, Uludag University. Two separate discussion groups, each including five students, were…

Asude, Bilgin; Jale, Eldelekioglu

2007-01-01

107

Economic Crisis, Universities and Students in Western Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characterizes influences of the economic and political climate on universities and students in western Europe. As a result of university budget cuts, unemployment among educated youth, and increases in the cost of living, university students are experiencing a sense of uselessness, lost status, and confused identity. (Author/DB)

Forstenzer, Thomas

1978-01-01

108

The Myth of the "Green Student": Student Involvement in Australian University Sustainability Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper questions the prevalence of "green students" and their impact on decision-making in sustainability programmes in Australian universities. While the universities studied provide numerous opportunities for student involvement in sustainability programmes, comparatively few students actually become involved, making student impact…

Butt, L.; More, E.; Avery, G. C.

2014-01-01

109

Delayed Sleep and Sleep Loss in University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 211 first-year psychology students completed a questionnaire of sleep habits and difficulities. It was discovered that Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome may be a significant problem in university student populations. (Author/JD)

Lack, Leon C.

1986-01-01

110

On the Effectiveness of Students' Evaluative Feedback to University Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effectiveness and use of college students' evaluation of faculty is reviewed. It is suggested that the research shows student feedback has a minimal effect on instructional improvement at the university level. (MH)

Rotem, Arie; Glasman, Naftaly S.

1979-01-01

111

Mobile Phone Usage Behavior of University Students in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to study the mobile phone usage behavior of university students in Oman. A survey was conducted in Muscat and Sohar cities of Oman where 200 students were contacted using questionnaires and interview methods. Students in higher educational institutions were covered and hypotheses about mobile services usage among students were formulated and tested on different

Rakesh Belwal; Shweta Belwal

2009-01-01

112

United Arab Emirates University Students' Attitudes towards the Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of scores of 313 students at the United Arab Emirates University on the College Students' Attitude Scale towards the Handicapped found significantly more positive attitudes by females versus males, single versus married students, residents versus nonresidents, families with children having disabilities, students having previous contact…

Smadi, Ahmad A.; Sartawi, Abdel Aziz M.

1995-01-01

113

Student attitudes toward concealed handguns on campus at 2 universities.  

PubMed

We examined student support for a policy that would allow carrying of concealed handguns on university campuses. Large percentages of students at 2 universities expressed very low levels of comfort with the idea of permitting concealed handgun carrying on campus, suggesting that students may not welcome less restrictive policies. Students held slightly different opinions about concealed handguns on and off campus, suggesting that they view the campus environment as unique with respect to concealed handgun carrying. PMID:22720763

Cavanaugh, Michael R; Bouffard, Jeffrey A; Wells, William; Nobles, Matt R

2012-12-01

114

Analysis of Students Health Condition in Our University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the national standard of students’ health, the health condition of university student should be tested once every academic year. The health condition is expressed by the data of a series of items, including height, weight, vital capacity, standing long jump, grip strength and sit-and-reach. This paper analyzes the health data of freshman students enrolled in 2007, 2008 and 2009 in our university, finds the existed problems and proposes suggestions on how to improve our students’ health condition.

Wang, Li

115

Helping Students to Learn: Addressing Student Affect and the Four Skills in an English Communication Skills Course for Students of Health Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study in two cycles describes the development of an English oral communication skills course for students of health sciences at a Finnish university. In the first cycle attempts were made to increase students' positive affect by developing community, increasing student security, and providing choice, which was expected to facilitate and enhance the students' learning. In the second cycle the

Nicholas Dimakides

2001-01-01

116

Intercultural Sojourns as Educational Experiences: A Narrative Study of the Outcomes of Finnish Student Teachers' Language-Practice Periods in Britain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's globalized world, an increasing number of university students go abroad to work or study, and foreign language (FL) students are either obliged to or voluntarily choose to spend some time in countries where the target language is spoken. This narrative study focuses on what FL students think they learn during residence abroad, and how…

Larzen-Ostermark, Eva

2011-01-01

117

Ready for University? A Cross-National Study of Students' Perceived Preparedness for University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' preparedness for higher education is seen as one of the main factors affecting first-year attrition or study success. In this paper we report on a cross-national study in which students' preparedness for university was measured "before" students commenced their study at a university in New Zealand or in the Netherlands. This…

Jansen, Ellen P. W. A.; van der Meer, Jacques

2012-01-01

118

Entering the University: The Differentiated Experience of Two Chinese International Students in a New Zealand University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on findings from a longitudinal study of Chinese international students beginning study in a New Zealand university, and focuses on the very different experience of two students in relation to a single course and its assessment requirements, as they sought ways to negotiate identities as university students in their new setting.…

Skyrme, Gillian

2007-01-01

119

Effectiveness of University Bridging Programs in Preparing Students for University Education: A Case from East Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study abroad brings several advantages to students, universities, countries, and academe. However, across countries with incongruent preuniversity education structures, some students are denied admission to foreign universities, due to gaps in their admissibility. Some institutions offer university bridging programs, to enhance the admissibility…

Ssempebwa, Jude; Eduan, Wilson; Mulumba, Fawz Nassir

2012-01-01

120

Student Funded University Counseling Centers: Operational Challenges for Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in administrative policies and budgetary cutbacks add to the vulnerability of many university counseling centers. Two possible solutions, currently existing within two state-affiliated universities, entail housing student counseling in student health centers and either linking counseling administratively with health services or keeping…

Gillespie, Janet F.; And Others

121

Prevalence and Correlates of Self-Injury among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors' purpose in this research was to establish estimates of the prevalence and correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury among university students. Participants: The authors recruited participants (N = 2, 843) from a random sample of 5, 021 undergraduate and graduate students attending a large midwestern public university. Methods:…

Gollust, Sarah Elizabeth; Eisenberg, Daniel; Golberstein, Ezra

2008-01-01

122

Knowledge and Attitudes toward Hookah Usage among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Hookah smoking is a popular form of tobacco use on university campuses. This study documented use, attitudes, and knowledge of hookah smoking among college students. Participants: The sample included 943 university students recruited between February 2009 and January 2010. Respondents ("M" age = 20.02) included 376 males, 533…

Holtzman, Adam L.; Babinski, Dara; Merlo, Lisa J.

2013-01-01

123

Tobacco Consumption and Motives for Use in Mexican University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased tobacco consumption, specially among adolescents and females, has been observed recently in Mexico. The goal of this study is to describe tobacco consumption and motives for use among university students. A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using data provided by 282 students aged 15-24 studying at the University of…

Rasmussen-Cruz, Bettylu; Hidalgo-San Martin, Alfredo; Nuno-Gutierrez, Bertha Lidia; Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Carlos

2006-01-01

124

Peer Interaction: The Experience of Distance Students at University Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how university students on distance learning courses experience interaction with their peers. Students on two distance learning courses at The Open University (UK) were interviewed, to investigate learners' experience of interaction on these courses. The analysis, using a grounded-theory approach, reveals disparities…

Ferguson, R.

2010-01-01

125

The Nigerian University Teachers' Effectiveness as Perceived by Their Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the Delta State University, Abraka, Students' concept of the "effective teacher". A sample of 200 second year university students selected from four faculties were asked to select three most important characteristics of a good teacher from a list of ten. The data obtained were analysed using the percentage frequency. The…

Okoye, Nnamdi S.

2008-01-01

126

Retention of the Latino University Student: The Case of CSULB.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the characteristics, needs, and actual experiences of Latino (Mexican American/Chicano and other Hispanic) students enrolled at California State University, Long Beach (CSULB), through identification of Hispanic demographic characteristics from university records, comparison of Student Affirmative Action Outreach Program (SAA)…

Ramirez, Genevieve M.

127

University Student Drinking: The Role of Motivational and Social Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: To investigate UK university student drinking in terms of social and motivational factors. Design: Quantitative and qualitative studies. Participants: Undergraduate students at a UK university: 50 "heavy drinkers" and 49 "light drinkers", equally distributed in terms of sex and year of study. Data: Questionnaire measures of drinking…

Orford, Jim; Krishnan, Mya; Balaam, Melanie; Everitt, Meri; Van der Graaf, Kathryn

2004-01-01

128

Awareness of Biotechnological Application: A Study among University Geography Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to measure the differences of university geography students about biotechnology. Therefore an awareness scale was developed by the researcher. 102 students from six different universities and their academic levels were included in the survey. The findings of the survey were evaluated both descriptively and statistically.…

Ozel, Ali; Terzi, Irfan; Ozel, Emine

2009-01-01

129

The Experiences of University Students with a Mood Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mood disorders typically materialise in young adulthood, a life-stage when many enter university. However, Padron notes that few studies have examined the experiences of students with a mood disorder. The current study offers a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with five university students who had personal experience of such a…

Demery, Rachel; Thirlaway, Kathryn; Mercer, Jenny

2012-01-01

130

University Students' Views on the Utility of Psychiatric Advance Directives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Rates of serious mental illnesses (SMIs) among university students are increasing, and universities are struggling with how to respond to students who show SMI symptoms. Psychiatric advance directives (PADs) allow individuals, when well, to document their wishes for treatment during a psychiatric crisis. This project explored the…

Scheyett, Anna M.; Rooks, Adrienne

2012-01-01

131

Social Class, Identity and the "Good" Student: Negotiating University Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the use of narrative portraits this paper discusses social class and identity, as working-class university students perceive them. With government policy encouraging wider participation rates from under-represented groups of people within the university sector, working-class students have found themselves to be the objects of much…

Pearce, Jane; Down, Barry; Moore, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

132

Negative Social Experiences of University and College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we investigate Canadian university and college students' interpersonal conflicts and exposure to abuse and violence during their postsecondary studies and assess the emotional, social, and academic impact of these experiences. Our findings, based on a sample 1174 university and college students in Southwestern Ontario, revealed…

Tremblay, Paul F.; Harris, Roma; Berman, Helene; MacQuarrie, Barb; Hutchinson, Gail E.; Smith, Mary Ann; Braley, Susan; Jelley, Jennifer; Dearlove, Kristen

2008-01-01

133

Exploring the Motivational Trajectories of Gifted University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through qualitative interviews, the authors examined the experiences of six gifted high-achieving university students to understand the factors that allowed the students to continue on their paths to success. The participants in this study revealed a number of issues that were central to their motivation upon arriving at the university. These…

Hammond, Daniel R.; McBee, Matthew T.; Hebert, Thomas P.

2007-01-01

134

Using Mobile Phones to Prepare for University Lectures: Student's Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present findings from a study of students' use of mobile phones in a biology course at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). Using a qualitative research approach we focus on how mobile phones can complement and add value to the educational challenge of encouraging university students to obtain some topic…

Rismark, Marit; Solvberg, Astrid M.; Stromme, Alex; Hokstad, Leif Martin

2007-01-01

135

Foreign Students' Patterns at Canadian Universities in 1980-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1980-81 and 1979-80 enrollment patterns of foreign students in Canadian universities are compared. The total number of foreign students increased rapidly during the early 1970s, peaked in 1976-77, and leveled off or declined in the following three years. Provincial patterns, however, did not conform to this national trend. Universities in…

von Zur-Muehlen, Max

136

Financial literacy among university students: an Australian case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financial literacy has been defined by the National Foundation for Education Research as ‘the ability to make informed judgments and to take effective decisions regarding the use and management of money’ (Noctor, Stoney and Stradling, 1992, p. 4). This study investigates the financial literacy levels of Australian university students, using students studying at the University of Wollongong (UOW) as a

Sonia Bird

2008-01-01

137

An investigation of loneliness and perfectionism in university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate loneliness and perfectionism of the university students. The sample set of the research was 535 university students 328 of which were female and 207 were male. T test and Pearson's product moment coefficient technique were used for the statistical analyses of the research. As a result of the study with respect to

Co?kun Arslan; Erdal Hamarta; Ömer Üre; Zümra Özye?il

2010-01-01

138

Cognitive Distortions and Autonomy among Chinese University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of university students' cognitive distortions in their sense of autonomy. One hundred and three third-year university students from Shanghai, The People's Republic of China, responded to the Cognitive Distortion Scales [Briere, J. (2000). "Cognitive Distortion Scales: Professional manual". Lutz,…

Zhang, Li-fang

2008-01-01

139

The Prediction of University Students' Willingness to Seek Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to determine the variables that qualify the help seeking behavior (willingness to seek counseling) of Turkish university students. A total of 5829 college students (2974 females, 2841 males, 14 unknown) from eleven universities in Turkey have participated in the study. Personal Form, Self Concealment Scale, Willingness…

Erkan, Serdar; Ozbay, Yasar; Cihangir-Cankaya, Zeynep; Terzi, Serife

2012-01-01

140

Political Climates, Political Knowledge and Political Preferences of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Article examines the impact of a number of socio-political variables and the political environment -- the national political opinion climate -- on the party choice of university students using data from 1,006 questionnaires completed by first year University of New Brunswick students. (Author)

Ghaem-Maghami, Farhat

1973-01-01

141

Conceptions of Creativity among Hong Kong University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research had two objectives. The first was to determine the reliability and validity of the multifaceted assessment of creativity (MAC) for evaluating Hong Kong university students' conceptions of creativity. The second was to establish if the theory-practice and gender gaps discovered among mainland Chinese university students would be…

Zhang, Li-fang

2013-01-01

142

Understanding First Year University Students: Personal Epistemology and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst participation in higher education has increased dramatically over the last two decades, many universities are only now beginning to pay more attention to the learning experiences of first year students. It is important for universities to understand how first year students conceive of learning and knowing in order to promote effective…

Walker, Sue; Brownlee, Joanne; Lennox, Sandra; Exley, Beryl; Howells, Kerry; Cocker, Fiona

2009-01-01

143

The English Vocabulary Knowledge of Indonesian University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on a research study conducted in an Indonesian university to estimate the English vocabulary knowledge of a large sample of first-year students. This is a significant topic because the students are expected to be able to read English language texts in their university courses, something that is difficult for them to manage without an adequate knowledge of

Ari Nurweni; John Read

1999-01-01

144

Linking School-University Collaboration and K-12 Student Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a platform for an array of educators to discuss the impact of professional development schools and other school-university partnerships on student learning. The 11 papers include: (1) "Using Research to Connect School-University Partnerships to Student Outcomes" (Lee Teitel); (2) "Making a Difference: A Professional Development…

Wiseman, Donna L., Ed.; Knight, Stephanie L., Ed.

145

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services.…

Bektas, Dilek Yelda

2008-01-01

146

Black Student Attitudes Toward a Predominantly White University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the results of an attitudinal study using 635 black students at the University of Maryland. Results indicate that blacks strongly feel that the University should provide a telephone crisis service, a drug counseling service, contraceptive and abortion information, Student Advisory Boards, and a legal counseling service. They…

Sedlacek, William E.; And Others

147

A Study Reexamining Alcohol Use among University of Kansas Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1992 survey of alcohol use of university students conducted at the University of Kansas used identical sampling procedures and contained many of the same items as a previous survey conducted in 1988. A total of 493 questionnaires were returned. A total of 49 students or 9.9% claimed to not have had an alcoholic beverage or to have had one…

Heck, Edward J.; And Others

148

Weight-loss practices among university students in Mexico  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the prevalence of weight-loss practices among university students from Tlaxcala, Mexico. Methods A cross-sectional study of 2,651 university students was conducted. Logistic regression tests were used to estimate the probability of students trying to lose weight and successfully achieving weight loss. Results Nearly 40% of students attempted to lose weight, though only about 7% lost more than 10% of their body weight and maintained this weight loss during the time of the study. The methods used most were exercise and dieting, and those who dieted were more successful at losing weight. Conclusions The high prevalence of weight-loss attempts and the poor outcomes with these weight-loss methods among this sample of university students is a public health concern. Universities should provide students with healthy weight-control approaches, which include offering information about healthier lifestyles, access to healthy food and opportunities to be physically active.

Dosamantes-Carrasco, Darina; Lamure, Michel; Lopez-Loyo, Perla; Hernandez-Palafox, Corin; Pineda-Perez, Dayana; Flores, Yvonne; Salmeron, Jorge

2009-01-01

149

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities\\u000a is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading\\u000a to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services. Finally, key elements for working\\u000a effectively with international students are presented and a

Dilek Yelda Bekta?

2008-01-01

150

A day in the life of a University student  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle Campus held its annual “A day in the life of a University student” last week where around 180 high school students from years 10 through to 12 were able to experience life on campus.\\u000aThe students attending were from a range of High Schools including Santa Maria College, Methodist Ladies College, Bunbury Cathedral

Michelle Ebbs

2005-01-01

151

Modern Professionalism in Libya: Attitudes of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses research which studies the attitudes of university students in Libya toward various aspects of occupational life. Findings include 1) that students have a limited enthusiasm for higher education and professional training, and 2) that female students have a high receptivity and readiness to venture into male dominated…

Al-Nouri, Qais N.

1975-01-01

152

Why German? Motivation of Students Studying German at English Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What drives students to study German at university level? Although motivational research has been booming in recent years, students' motivation to pursue a modern foreign language beyond school level has not received much attention in the UK. This article sheds light on the various reasons that drive students in the UK to pursue a modern foreign…

Busse, Vera; Williams, Marion

2010-01-01

153

Jordan University Students' Performance on the Verbs Make and Do  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempted to study Jordan University students' performance on MAKE and DO at the two linguistic levels of production and recognition. The main objectives were to see if the students were aware of the differences in use between these high-frequency verbs; to identify the difficulties that students encountered in using or recognizing…

Eisouh, Zuhair

2012-01-01

154

University Students' Wellness: What Difference Can a Course Make?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe the influence of a health education course on first year university students. Initially designed to serve the pedagogical needs of physical education, recreation and kinesiology students, the course attracts a diversity of students across disciplines. We assessed the influence of the course as interpreted…

Higgins, J. Wharf; Lauzon, L. L.; Yew, A.; Bratseth, C.; Morley, V.

2009-01-01

155

Sleep Patterns of College Students at a Public University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors' purpose in this study was to determine the sleep patterns of college students to identify problem areas and potential solutions. Participants: A total of 313 students returned completed surveys. Methods: A sleep survey was e-mailed to a random sample of students at a North Central university. Questions included individual sleep patterns, problems, and possible influencing factors. Results:

LeAnne M. Forquer; Adrian E. Camden; Krista M. Gabriau; C. Merle Johnson

2008-01-01

156

Assessing the Research Needs of Graduate Students at Georgetown University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a two-part study of the research needs of graduate students at Georgetown University. The first part, conducted in May 2010, consisted of an online survey about students' research practices and opinions about the library. The second part, conducted in May 2011, consisted of focus groups with particular subsets of graduate students. The…

Gibbs, David; Boettcher, Jennifer; Hollingsworth, Jill; Slania, Heather

2012-01-01

157

Sultan Qaboos University's Student-Teacher Attitude Toward Instructional Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the effects of specific courses offered at the college of education of Sultan Qaboos University (Oman) on student-teacher attitudes toward instructional media in practice teaching. Results showed that female student-teachers have a more positive attitude than males; the students' majors (i.e., Arabic or English) did not have any…

El-Hmaisat, Hamad

1996-01-01

158

Mistreatment of university students most common during medical studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This study concerns the occurrence of various forms of mistreatment by staff and fellow students experienced by students in the Faculty of Medicine and the other four faculties of the University of Oulu, Finland. METHODS: A questionnaire with 51 questions on various forms of physical and psychological mistreatment was distributed to 665 students (451 females) after lectures or examinations

Arja Rautio; Vappu Sunnari; Matti Nuutinen; Marja Laitala

2005-01-01

159

The effectiveness of biofeedback training among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

University students need some support program to improve the academic performance. Biofeedback training is one of the effectiveness programs to help students handling the problem regarding of their study process. In this research, the biofeedback training to manage study anxiety in order to increase academic performance among students is proposed. The research was selected for 12 participants. They are divided

P. Vitasari; M. N. A. Wahab; A. Othman; M. G. Awang

2009-01-01

160

A Four Session Format to Work with University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this exploratory study were twofold. First, we compared 35 students seen at a university-based counselling clinic with 35 non-student outpatients seen at a psychiatric clinic with respect to symptom impairment, depression, anxiety, and social adjustment. Second, we examined the impact of a four session Brief Psychodynamic Investigation (BPI) with the 35 students. No significant differences were found

Luc Michel; Martin Drapeau; Jean-Nicolas Despland

2004-01-01

161

Investigating Students' Beliefs about Arabic Language Programs at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study attempted to identify students' of Arabic programs beliefs about their chosen programs. To achieve this purpose, a survey was developed to collect the data from randomly selected students in liberal-arts and education-based programs at Kuwait University. The results showed that students were statistically differentiated as a…

Al-Shaye, Shaye S.

2009-01-01

162

Trends in University Student Attitudes and Behavior Toward Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends in student attitudes and behavior toward drug use were investigated through administration of two anonymous polls to University of Maryland freshmen during summer, 1971 (N = 538) and summer, 1972 (N = 761). Both polls were designed to investigate the incidence and frequency of drug use among incoming students, as well as students' reasons…

Fago, David P.; Sedlacek, William E.

163

Assessment of Evidence in University Students' Scientific Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines uses of evidence in university students' writing of scientific argument in an introductory-level oceanography course. Provides students with an interactive CD-ROM entitled 'Our Dynamic Planet' to write a scientific technical paper. Discusses ways of teaching students the construction of argument in scientific writing. (KHR)

Takao, Allison Y.; Kelly, Gregory J.

2003-01-01

164

Academic, Career and Personal Needs of Nigerian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic, career and personal needs of students of Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma-Nigeria were surveyed. A total of 920 undergraduates participated in this study. The results of the study revealed that irrespective of students' residential status, gender, age and relationship status, the students ranked time-management as the most pressing…

Aluede, Oyaziwo; Imhonde, Henry; Eguavoen, Agatha

2006-01-01

165

Host Students' Perspectives of Intercultural Contact in an Irish University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the increasing numbers of international students in Ireland and the lack of attention afforded to host culture students in existing research on intercultural relations in higher education, a grounded theory study was conducted in an Irish university exploring host (Irish) students' perspectives on intercultural contact. The study focused on…

Dunne, Ciaran

2009-01-01

166

Teaching Efficacy of Universiti Putra Malaysia Science Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study was to access teaching efficacy of Universiti Putra Malaysia Science student teachers. The specific objectives were to determine teaching efficacy of Science student teachers in terms of student engagement; instructional strategies; classroom management and teaching with computers in classroom; their satisfaction with…

Bakar, Abd. Rahim; Konting, Mohd. Majid; Jamian, Rashid; Lyndon, Novel

2008-01-01

167

Psychological Loneliness among Arab Students at Irbid National University, Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of psychological loneliness among Arab students studying at Irbid National University, and to investigate the effect of year of study and gender of students on the level of psychological loneliness. The sample of the study consisted of 149 students, 133 males and 16 females from first, second,…

Al-Kadoumi, Khawla; Sawalha, Abdel Muhdi; Al Momani, Mohammad

2012-01-01

168

Strategies for the Introduction of Neuroscience for Underrepresented University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez (UPRM) serves approximately 12,800 students. Of these students, nearly 100% qualify as underrepresented minorities by U.S. federal standards. In line with a nationally recognized need to increase students from ethnic minority groups to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering, and math, the UPRM…

Clinton, Amanda; Carrero-Martinez, Franklin; Velez-Perez, Amarylis

2011-01-01

169

Assessing University Students: Searching for an English Language Exit Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to motivate university students to improve their English proficiency, the Hong Kong government decided to adopt a common exit English language test for all graduating students. In the process of selecting a suitable measure for this purpose, an empirical study with a sample of over 240 students was conducted to compare two English…

Qian, David D.

2007-01-01

170

Erasmus Language Students in a British University: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' assessment of their academic experience is actively sought by higher education institutions, as evidenced in the UK's National Student Survey, introduced in 2005. Erasmus students, despite their growing numbers, tend to be excluded from these satisfaction surveys, even though they, too, are primary customers of a university. This study…

Bogain, Ariane

2012-01-01

171

Why Some Students Do Not Use University Counseling Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four part instrument for empirically answering how stigma, seriousness of problem, student attitudes, counseling experience, and information affect student usage of the university counseling facilities is discussed. The four parts, completed by 181 students, include: (1) biographical data; (2) five sub-scales derived through item analysis with…

Snyder, John F.; And Others

172

Matching Student Characteristics and Institutional Characteristics for Student Success in Four-Year Colleges and Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students invest resources and time to find the college or university that meets their needs and expectations. Likewise, institutions carefully plan how best to spend their funds and time to recruit an incoming class that meets or exceeds the college or university’s admissions requirements and that will graduate. Despite students’ extensive planning for college and institutions’ detailed admissions recruiting and

Kristina Marie Cragg

2007-01-01

173

Stressors faced by university students and their coping strategies: A case study of midlands state university students in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined coping strategies used by students at a medium size developing country university. Participants constituted two hundred and eighty one Social Sciences students at the Midlands State University in Zimbabwe [49% female, 51% male]. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The results showed that the seven most common clusters of stressors were Finance, Library resources and study

Joseph M. Kasayira; Kudzai S. Chipandambira; Chipo Hungwe

2007-01-01

174

Prospective Students' Perceptions of University Brands: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model of the elements of a university brand was developed together with an instrument for measuring how favorably each of these elements was perceived by a sample of young people who were considering entering university. One hundred and ninety-eight students undertaking pre-university courses in two further education colleges in East London…

Bennett, Roger; Ali-Choudhury, Rehnuma

2009-01-01

175

Supporting and Evaluating Transitional Learning for International University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, as part of its response to the continuing diversification of students, Central Queensland University introduced a for-credit undergraduate course, "The Principles of University Learning", focusing on "learning to learn" in the Australian university context. The aim was to support the transition of learners with diverse prior learning…

Owens, Alison

2011-01-01

176

University Students' Perception of Lecturer-Student Relationships: A Comparative Study of Public and Private Universities in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a university setting, there is a great diversity in terms of socio-cultural, political, religious and racial backgrounds among students and lecturers. This diversity, with the presence of an appropriate lecturer-student relationship creates a campus environment that prepares students and lecturers to live and work amicably in a socio-culturally…

Chepchieng, Micah C.; Mbugua, Stephen N.; Kariuki, Mary W.

2006-01-01

177

International Mobility of Australian University Students: 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia as a destination for international students is well researched. However, less is known about the numbers of Australian students who undertake international study experiences during their courses, the characteristics of those students, their types of experiences, their fields of education, and their destinations. This study finds that…

Olsen, Alan

2008-01-01

178

Disciplinary Sanctioning of Impulsive University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a rationale for the use of sanctions as a therapeutic strategy for impulsive college students. Describes problems encountered when implementing them. Notes that sanctions that help students control their impulses are actively therapeutic, not reactively punitive. Concludes, when sanctions remain firm, students can begin to realize that they…

Frederickson, Jon

1992-01-01

179

Paranormal Beliefs and Their Implications in University Students from Finland and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares 117 Finnish and 351 southern U.S. college students for the following: (1) paranormal beliefs; (2) personality adjustment constructs (anomie, death concerns, alienation, and death threat); and (3) relationships between the beliefs and constructs. The secularization process, further advanced in Finland than the United States, moderates…

Tobacyk, Jerome J.; Pirttila-Backman, Anna-Maija

1992-01-01

180

Student Satisfaction as a Measure of Student Development: Towards a Universal Metric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study used a random sample of 199 students from the national sample of 4,408 students from different types of colleges and universities stratified by institutional race, type, control, and selectivity. Student responses on the College Student Survey were analyzed to show the construction of a fundamental measure as the first step toward creating a…

Beltyukova, Svetlana A.; Fox, Christine M.

2002-01-01

181

First-Generation Social and Ethnic Minority Students in Christian Universities: Student Recommendations for Successful Support of Diverse Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, the second in a two-part series, provides an overview of the literature regarding first-generation college students (FGCS), which has been largely based on studies of students in public universities. The author shares outcomes from structured dialogues with FGCS attending Christian universities. The students described how their…

Ecklund, Kathryn

2013-01-01

182

Cigarettes and self-rated health among online university students.  

PubMed

An increasing number of university students are earning their degrees online. Thus far, the determinants of health among online university students have not been studied. The purpose of this cross-sectional internet survey was to test the association between behavioral risk factors and self-rated health in a diverse sample of online university students. Cigarette smoking was associated with lower odds of good self-rated health (OR = 0.27, P < 0.01). Compared to having zero days of mental distress, 14 or more days of mental distress was associated with lower odds of good self-rated health (OR = 0.08, P < 0.05). White students had lower odds of reporting good self-rated health compared to African-American students (OR = 0.35, P < 0.05). Health education, screening and health promotion programs should be developed for online students. PMID:22207447

Rohrer, James E; Cole, Lakeisha J; Schulze, Frederick W

2012-06-01

183

From Grade School to University: The Variable Use of "on/nous" by University FSL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines factors correlated with the use of "nous" and "on" by university students formerly enrolled in French immersion programs. Their variant frequency and stylistic appropriateness are compared to those of (1) former core French university students; (2) French as a second language (FSL) speakers in a francophone environment; and (3)…

Mougeon, Francoise; Rehner, Katherine

2009-01-01

184

Swedish Speakers' Literacy in the Finnish Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's reading literacy study in Finland. Shows that, although language-minority students are often expected to have lower achievement in school, students from Swedish-speaking homes in Finland scored almost as well as their Finnish-speaking counterparts on extensive…

Brunell, Viking; Linnakyla, Pirjo

1994-01-01

185

University Education and Employment in Japan: Students' Perceptions on Employment Attributes and Implications for University Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present research aims to explore students' perceptions of the needs of employers in terms of the personal qualities of higher education graduates. Design/methodology/approach: Questionnaires were delivered to students at four universities in the Chugoku area of Japan. The students were asked to indicate how important they thought each…

Nguyen, Nguyen Danh; Yoshinari, Yanagawa; Shigeji, Miyazaki

2005-01-01

186

Educational Value: How Students Choose University: Evidence from an Italian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to measure students' perceptions of value that are influenced by differences in costs (monetary and non-monetary), students' attitudes and socio-demographic features. It seeks to investigate the components of the university value that affects students' choice. Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire was developed in…

Petruzzellis, Luca; Romanazzi, Salvatore

2010-01-01

187

From University Democratisation to Managerialism: The Changing Legitimation of University Governance and the Place of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the implications of the rise of managerialism for student participation in university governance. It explores this theoretically by proposing a matrix of ideal-type regimes of student governance based on the work of Hyden, Olsen and others. The working of this typology is illustrated in a case study of the student political…

Luescher-Mamashela, Thierry M.

2010-01-01

188

Student Evaluations and the University Professor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of student ratings of faculty looks at problems in measurement and interpretation, including such factors as the ability of raters to evaluate complex behaviors, the salience of personal characteristics in judging task performance, and emphasis on the students as consumer. (Author/MSE)

Cruse, Daniel B.

1987-01-01

189

University Student's Goal Profiles and Metacomprehension Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, undergraduate students provided confidence ratings to predict future performance in answering questions drawn from the text before reading the text, after reading the text and after rereading the text. Self-reports of achievement goal orientations during reading and posttest scores were also collected. Student's calibration index…

Zhou, Mingming

2013-01-01

190

Phonetics Curriculum Development and Implementation for the Deaf University Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author addresses phonetics curriculum development and implementation concerns in conjunction with educational instruction of deaf university students. Five areas of curriculum design and implementation necessary for learning phonetics are discussed including programed workbook materials and technological instrumentation. (SW)

Gould, Darlene Geer

1982-01-01

191

Responses of Chinese University Students to the Thematic Apperception Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Murray's original Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), Cards I to XX, was administered in two sessions to 80 Chinese male and female undergraduate students at the National Taiwan Normal University. The results are compared with American averages. (Author/JH)

Han, Elizabeth Yeo-hsien

1974-01-01

192

Impacting university physics students through participation in informal science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal education programs organized by university physics departments are a popular means of reaching out to communities and satisfying grant requirements. The outcomes of these programs are often described in terms of broader impacts on the community. Comparatively little attention, however, has been paid to the influence of such programs on those students facilitating the informal science programs. Through Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) at the University of Colorado Boulder, undergraduate and graduate physics students coach elementary and middle school children during an inquiry-based science afterschool program. As part of their participation in PISEC, university students complete preparation in pedagogy, communication and diversity, engage with children on a weekly basis and provide regular feedback about the program. We present findings that indicate these experiences improve the ability of university students to communicate in everyday language and positively influence their perspectives on teaching and learning.

Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2013-01-01

193

The Importance of Hopelessness Among University Students Seeking Psychiatric Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hopelessness is a clinically important state relative to morbidity and suicide risk among university students. We examined\\u000a its role in relation to presenting concerns, diagnosis, psychopharmacologic treatment and spiritual orientation among students\\u000a seeking treatment at a university counseling center. The most commonly identified concern was anxiety, followed by stress\\u000a and depression. Eighty-two percent were given a DSM IV diagnosis. Hopelessness

Caroline B. Williams; Marc Galanter; Helen Dermatis; Victor Schwartz

2008-01-01

194

Dieting practices and body image perception among Lebanese university students.  

PubMed

Dieting is becoming a popular phenomenon among university students to achieve or maintain a healthy weight. The purpose of this study is to obtain a preliminary understanding of what dieting practices university students use in order to achieve their desirable body weight and to determine the magnitude of body dissatisfaction in relation to weight status among a sample of students (n=252) from the Lebanese American University in Beirut, Lebanon. Students filled out a self-reported questionnaire that included questions on their dieting and physical activity practices in addition to the body shape questionnaire (BSQ). Weight and height were measured to calculate body mass index. Percentage body fat was measured using Tanita scale body fat analyzer 300A. The outcome of this study showed that smoking and unhealthy dieting practices were not common among students (only 26% reported smoking, 8% reported taking laxatives and 4% taking diet pills). Half of the students reported practicing regular physical activity. Multivitamin intake was also not popular among students. BSQ scores indicate that the majority of students were not worried about their body image perception (64% reported not being worried, 19% were slightly worried, 12% were moderately worried and 5% were extremely worried). A gender difference was observed in the BSQ scores, as 89% of the "extremely worried" students were females. Collectively, results indicate that unhealthy dieting practices are uncommon among students. However, developing health promotion awareness' programs to promote good self image within the concept of a realistic healthy weight will be beneficial, especially among females. PMID:21393106

Yahia, Najat; El-Ghazale, Hiba; Achkar, Alice; Rizk, Sandra

2011-01-01

195

Science Laboratory Classes for Science Students in Tohoku University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2004, Tohoku University started a new introductory experimental science course for freshmen. This course was intended to aid students in thinking logically and in understanding the fundamental concepts of natural phenomena. We combined physics, chemistry, biology, and earth sciences and set up a five themes entitled, “Life, Energy, Earth and Environment, Materials, and Science and Culture” . More than 1,800 students, including 810 engineering students, of all the science-related subjects attended these classes. Of the students taking the classes, 62% were favorable to them in 2004 and 68% in 2007, whilst only 50% of the students were positive about the old course in 2003.

Suto, Shozo

196

Thedocracy: Christian Universities and Muslim Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few cultural institutions so potently foster free thought and speech, appreciation for others unlike self, and community service as higher education. As such, universities catalyze democracy. One calls them the "Messiah" of that cause. Christian universities in particular, though not designed as political or religiously pluralist entities, assist…

Chenoweth, Gregg A.

2009-01-01

197

University Students' Difficulties in Solving Application Problems in Calculus: Student Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the results of an observational parallel study conducted simultaneously at 2 universities--one each in New Zealand and Germany. It deals with university engineering students' difficulties in the formulation step of solving a typical application problem from a first-year calculus course. Two groups of students (54 in New…

Klymchuk, Sergiy; Zverkova, Tatyana; Gruenwald, Norbert; Sauerbier, Gabriele

2010-01-01

198

Stress and Student Job Design: Satisfaction, Well-Being, and Performance in University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is imperative that the university environment be supportive and capable of nurturing optimal learning and performance in students. Using job design and work stress theories, the study assessed relationships between psychosocial work characteristics, well-being and satisfaction, and performance in a random sample survey of Australian university students (N = 176). Methodological improvements were a time lag between survey and

Sarah J. Cotton; Maureen F. Dollard; Jan de Jonge

2002-01-01

199

Student Evaluation to Improve the Student Learning Experience: An Australian University Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities have been collecting student feedback on their experiences in teaching and learning for decades. Their voice is usually captured in surveys, and quantitative and qualitative data are used for quality improvement. Quantitative data are often used to monitor the student experience and used as a key performance measure in universities.…

Tucker, Beatrice M.

2013-01-01

200

Helping the International Student Understand the American University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To be successful in navigating the waters of American higher education, international students need to demonstrate proficiency in the English language and an understanding of the educational expectations of American academia. Unlike Americans who apply to a US university, international students must demonstrate that they understand enough English…

Chang, Mary

2011-01-01

201

Counselor Perceptions of Sexual Attitudes of Female University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study dealt with the perceptions of eight University of Maryland counselors of the sex-related problems of female Maryland students. Five of the eight counselors felt that some students have not had an adequate sex education or adequate information about contraception. The counselors rated decisions involving whether to engage in premarital…

Collins, Anne M.; Sedlacek, William E.

202

Readiness towards Entrepreneurship Education: Students and Malaysian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to observe the readiness of students and the internal environment of Malaysian public universities in the implementation of entrepreneurship education. Design/methodology/approach: The authors employed a quantitative approach and the main instrument used to gauge the entrepreneurship readiness among students

Othman, Norasmah; Hashim, Norashidah; Wahid, Hariyaty Ab

2012-01-01

203

A Student's Guide to Evaluating Libraries in Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student's selection of a college or university should include an evaluation of the library and its services and resources. Identifying and evaluating a good library are important in determining the level of educational opportunities an institution will provide. This publication is designed to help students make a decision about which college or…

Association of Coll. and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL.

204

A comparison of Canadian and Chinese university students' travel motivations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although student travel is an important global phenomenon, few cross-cultural studies have examined this topic. Thus, this study examines Chinese (n?=?352) and Canadian (n?=?295) university students with respect to three questions: (1) are there similarities and differences in their travel motivations?; (2) are “escaping” motivations more important than “seeking” motivations? and (3) to what extent do gender and culture affect

Xiye Wang; Gordon J. Walker

2010-01-01

205

Withdrawing/Nonreturning Students at the University of North Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasons accounting for attrition of University of North Dakota (UND) students were investigated. UND students who were enrolled during fall 1976-1977 through fall 1979-1980 as new freshmen and who terminated their studies without earning a degree between spring 1978-1979 to fall 1979-1980 were surveyed. The 237 respondents represented a response…

Nelson, Robert B.; Urff, Donna M.

206

Web-Based Administrative Supports for University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates development and effectiveness of a Web-based administration support for business students at Liverpool John Moores University. Considers whether the strategic planning and individual school developments have influenced the development and usefulness of the campus-wide information system. Discusses action research findings on student

McClelland, Robert J.

2001-01-01

207

Improving psychological critical thinking in Australian university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the psychological critical thinking attributes of students undertaking an Australian Psychology Accreditation Council (APAC) approved course. It also assessed an instructional based teaching practice designed to improve psychological critical thinking skills. The participants were 84 second year and 60 fourth year psychology students enrolled at the University of Western Sydney, Australia. Participants were tested at the beginning

John Haw

2011-01-01

208

Wellness 101: Health Education for the University Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to describe two phases of a mixed-method study: in phase I, the wellness practices of students at a Canadian university are reported. These data informed the re-development of a first-year health education course. Subsequent to its revision, phase II of the study assessed the impact of the course on students' wellness…

Higgins, S. Joan Wharf; Lauzon, Lara L.; Yew, Ann C.; Bratseth, Christopher D.; McLeod, Nicole

2010-01-01

209

Partially Specified Physics Problems: University Students' Attitudes and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research we asked the fourth year students (N = 50) of a technical faculty of the University of Split (Republic of Croatia) to solve a partially specified physics problem related to gravitational force. The task for the students was to decide whether the situation described in the problem is feasible or not. Nevertheless, the formulation…

Marusic, M.; Erceg, N.; Slisko, J.

2011-01-01

210

Perceptions Concerning College Student Suicide: Data from Four Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of suicide, including prevention, intervention, and postvention, continues to be a problem on college campuses. For this study, data concerning a variety of issues related to college student suicide were collected from 1,865 students at four different universities. Incidence, risk factors, and potential solutions are described, as well…

Westefeld, John S.; Homaifar, Beeta; Spotts, Jennifer; Furr, Susan; Range, Lilian; Werth, James L., Jr.

2005-01-01

211

The Mental Health of University Students in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are increasing concerns globally about the mental health of students. In the UK, the actual incidence of mental disturbance is unknown, although university counselling services report increased referrals. This study assesses the levels of mental illness in undergraduate students to examine whether widening participation in education has…

Macaskill, Ann

2013-01-01

212

Predictors of Academic Success for University Students in Special Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine intellectual (standardized tests and high school grades) and nonintellectual (attitudes, personality, and the like) predictors of success for students in special programs for culturally different students. Ninety-five freshmen enrolled in a special program at the University of Maryland, 90 of whom were…

Sedlacek, William E.; Brooks, Glenwood C., Jr.

213

University Students' Beliefs about Learning English and French in Lebanon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the beliefs about language learning of Lebanese English as a Foreign Language university students, compared their beliefs about learning different target languages, namely, English and French, and investigated within-group variation in these students' beliefs. A modified version of Horwitz's "Beliefs about Language Learning…

Diab, Rula L.

2006-01-01

214

Hungarian University Students' Misunderstandings in Thermodynamics and Chemical Kinetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The misunderstandings related to thermodynamics (including chemical equilibrium) and chemical kinetics of first and second year Hungarian students of chemistry, environmental science, biology and pharmacy were investigated. We demonstrated that Hungarian university students have similar misunderstandings in physical chemistry to those reported in…

Turanyi, Tamas; Toth, Zoltan

2013-01-01

215

Student Engagement: Stakeholder Perspectives on Course Representation in University Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student engagement has become a key feature of UK higher education policy and analysis. At the core of this is a notion of engagement characterised by dialogue and joint venture. The article explores this by considering the role of student representation in university governance. It focuses on the system of course representation that is a feature…

Carey, Philip

2013-01-01

216

Turning to Turnitin to Fight Plagiarism among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a pilot project of the Turnitin plagiarism detection software, which was implemented to determine the impact of the software on the level of plagiarism among University of Botswana (UB) students. Students' assignments were first submitted to the software without their knowledge so as to gauge their level of plagiarism. The…

Batane, Tshepo

2010-01-01

217

Attitude Changes of Undergraduate University Students in General Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing learning outcomes in general education is increasingly important to accrediting bodies. A fertile area of assessment is measuring changes in student attitudes/values in response to general education. University of Maine faculty experimented with such an attitude assessment. In this study, the authors assessed changes in students'…

Anderson, Mark W.; Teisl, Mario F.; Criner, George K.; Tisher, Sharon; Smith, Stewart; Hunter, Malcolm L.; Norton, Stephen A.; Jellison, Jody; Alyokhin, Andrei; Gallandt, Eric; Haggard, Sandra; Bicknell, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

218

First-Generation College Students at the University of Kentucky  

Microsoft Academic Search

First-generation college students (FGCS) have been shown to graduate at lower rates than their continuing-generation counterparts even after controlling for other variables. We will attempt to examine the characteristics of FGCS and determine initiatives the University of Kentucky might enact in order to increase the graduation rates for this segment of the student population. In doing so we will discuss

Michael Peabody; Neal H. Hutchens; Wayne D Lewis; Matthew Deffendall

2011-01-01

219

Student Drug Use and Driving: A University Sample.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 857 students at a large midwestern university provided information regarding the frequency and type of drugs used by students at any time and shortly before driving. The drugs most frequently used at least once in the prior year were alcohol, marijauna, caffeine, and nicotine. Significant association was found between alcohol use…

Valois, Robert F.

220

Student Training in Transversal Competences at the University of Cordoba  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a research project developed at the University of Cordoba during the academic year 2007-8, in which 2414 students took part, all studying courses included in a pilot scheme for the implementation of European Credit Transfer System credits. The aim was to ascertain the opinions of students in relation to their grasp and…

Serrano, Rosario Merida; Romero, Julia Angulo; Bello, Manuel Jurado; Perez, Jose Diz

2011-01-01

221

Relationships of Leadership and Student Effort to University Program Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Links between program quality and the quality of students' experience (or student effort) and the quality of academic leadership were explored through an examination of 10 master's programs in 81 departments at a set of regional universities. Rasmussen's leadership instrument was completed by 90 faculty members, and a modified version of the Pace…

Young, Denise L.; And Others

222

Evaluation of International Students' Perceptions of Eastern Kentucky University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the perceptions of international students concerning their academic, social, and cultural experiences at Eastern Kentucky University (EKU) and suggestions for improvement. Researchers prepared a questionnaire consisting of 24 items seeking information related to students' demographics and their perceptions about quality of…

Sultana, Qaisar; Smith, Ron

2011-01-01

223

Mass Media Campaign Impacts Influenza Vaccine Obtainment of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the effectiveness of a mass media campaign in increasing the rate of college student influenza vaccine obtainment. Participants/Methods: Students ("N" = 721) at a large southern university completed a survey between September 2011 and January 2012 assessing what flu clinic media sources were visualized and if they…

Shropshire, Ali M.; Brent-Hotchkiss, Renee; Andrews, Urkovia K.

2013-01-01

224

Problem Posing Based on Investigation Activities by University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a classroom-based study involving investigation activities in a university numerical analysis course. The study aims to analyse students' mathematical processes and to understand how these activities provide opportunities for problem posing. The investigations were intended to stimulate students in asking questions, to trigger…

da Ponte, Joao Pedro; Henriques, Ana

2013-01-01

225

Evaluation of a Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the…

Corlett, Dan; Sharples, Mike; Bull, Susan; Chan, Tony

2005-01-01

226

Dynamics of Email Communications among University Students throughout a Semester  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Email is considered as one of the most widely accepted computer-mediated communication tools among university students. Evidence from the present literature shows that students make a significant amount of their course-related communications (e.g. discuss a topic with peers) using this tool. This study explores the dynamics of an email…

Uddin, Shahadat; Jacobson, Michael J.

2013-01-01

227

University Students' Views of a Public Service Graduation Requirement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As New Orleans began to rebuild after Hurricane Katrina, Tulane University also began its recovery process. A new initiative in the recovery was the establishment of a public service graduation requirement for undergraduate students. Attitudes toward the requirement were assessed for 290 first-year and 257 advanced students in fall 2006. The…

Moely, Barbara E.; Ilustre, Vincent

2011-01-01

228

University student approaches to learning science through writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the approaches adopted by students to a university writing programme designed to help them learn first?year undergraduate science. The research design includes phenomenographic analyses of 19 interviews and 50 open?ended questionnaires, as well as quantitative analyses of the qualitative data. The main results of the study are the close association between the quality of the students’ approaches

Robert A. Ellis

2004-01-01

229

University student approaches to learning science through writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the approaches adopted by students to a university writing programme designed to help them learn first-year undergraduate science. The research design includes phenomenographic analyses of 19 interviews and 50 open-ended questionnaires, as well as quantitative analyses of the qualitative data. The main results of the study are the close association between the quality of the students' approaches

Robert A. Ellis

2004-01-01

230

Learner-Environment Fit: University Students in a Computer Room.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to apply the theory of person-environment fit in assessing student well-being in a university computer room. Subjects were 12 students enrolled in a computer literacy course. Their learning behavior and well-being were evaluated on the basis of three symptoms of video display terminal stress usually found in the…

Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

231

The Video Comprehension Strategies of Chinese-Speaking University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the strategies used by second language learners to comprehend computerized video material. In total, 211 students taking an English course in a public university in Taiwan joined the study, conducted over 1 academic year during which 63 students were involved in the pilot study in the first semester, and 148 joined the formal…

Lin, Lu-Fang

2011-01-01

232

The Impact of Quality Assessment in Universities: Portuguese Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite being one of the major reasons for the development of quality assessment, students seem relatively unaware of its potential impact. Since one of the main purposes of assessment is to provide students with information on the quality of universities, this lack of awareness brings in to question the effectiveness of assessment as a device for…

Cardoso, Sonia; Santiago, Rui; Sarrico, Claudia S.

2012-01-01

233

Student Sexuality In a Perceptive University Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses his book on sexuality. He also considers the problems confronting student personnel workers in terms of dealing with pre-marital sex on their campuses. Ways that changes in campus sexuality may occur are considered. (EJT)

Kirkendall, Lester A.

1976-01-01

234

Learning Incentives Preferred by University Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study involved an extension of the data base from an earlier incentive survey describing student preferences for incentives commonly available for use by instructors to promote good achievement in course work. Three hundred and eighty-five College of...

M. J. Bebeau H. J. Sullivan J. L. Eubanks

1977-01-01

235

University Students’ Definitions of Sexual Abstinence and Having Sex  

Microsoft Academic Search

We asked 298 heterosexual Canadian university students about their definitions of the terms abstinence and having sex. For both terms, students were provided with a list of 17 sexual behaviors and indicated whether they would include each in\\u000a their definition. The majority of both male and female students included activities that did not involve genital stimulation\\u000a in their definition of sexual

E. Sandra Byers; Joel Henderson; Kristina M. Hobson

2009-01-01

236

Factors associated with student plagiarism in a post?1992 university  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model intended to explain the incidence of plagiarism among undergraduates in the Business Studies department of a post?1992 university was constructed and tested on a sample of 249 students completing Business Studies units at a post?1992 university in Greater London. It was hypothesised that the occurrence of plagiarism could be predicted via three attitudinal considerations (individual perceptions of the

Roger Bennett

2005-01-01

237

The Social Experience of Physically Disabled Australian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the university experience of disabled students has focused on barriers in learning and teaching, while the social world of university has as yet gained little attention as a distinctive object of study. Here we examine social experience and socially imposed restrictions through the lenses of social capital and self-concept. A…

Papasotiriou, Maria; Windle, Joel

2012-01-01

238

How Important Is Study Mode in Student University Choice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conjoint analysis was used to model the importance of study mode in students' choice of university. Study mode was proposed as a key choice attribute as universities have diversified their means of delivering education and increased the use of online delivery. Results are reported for two conjoint experiments. The first investigated how…

Hagel, Pauline; Shaw, Robin N.

2010-01-01

239

Cyber Astronomy: A Cyber University Course for School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching university physics through the internet is not new, but a new course providing the same service for secondary school students is the first of its kind in Hong Kong. Taking advantage of the fast and affordable broadband internet in the region, some university courses have been converted to a cyber curriculum suitable for secondary school…

Chan, C. W.; Wong, K. Y. Michael

2003-01-01

240

Organizing the Faculty around the Students: Walden University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging from the 1960s and a focus on transformative learning, Walden University is a pioneering program for adult learners. The authors outline how Walden's doctoral program engaged mid-career professionals in student-designed inquiry and applied scholarship. They first discuss the founding of Walden University. Then they describe how the…

Peinovich, Paula E.; Hodgkinson, Harold L.

2011-01-01

241

Practices of Citizenship Rights among Minority Students at Chinese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores how Chinese minority students participate and defend citizenship rights on a university campus against the backdrop of ongoing social changes. Three rights are focused on: freedom of religion, freedom of association, and freedom to use an ethnic language. The data were collected at three universities. Research methods involved…

Zhao, Zhenzhou

2010-01-01

242

Students' Experience of University Space: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decade has seen a wave of new building across British universities, so that it would appear that despite the virtualization discourses around higher education, space still matters in learning. Yet studies of student experience of the physical space of the university are rather lacking. This paper explores the response of one group of…

Cox, Andrew M.

2011-01-01

243

Homesickness in University Students: The Role of Multiple Place Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to college or university can lead to the challenge of adapting to a new setting. Homesickness has been frequently investigated as a potential negative consequence of relocation. This study analyzed the role of multiple place attachment in the development of homesickness among university students. The study used a multicausal…

Scopelliti, Massimiliano; Tiberio, Lorenza

2010-01-01

244

Factors Related to the Underachievement of University Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aims to elucidate the characteristics of gifted underachievers at the university level and the reasons for their underachievement. The sample consisted of students from Bogazici University in Istanbul. The "School Attitude Assessment Survey-Revised" ("SAAS-R") instrument was administered to 91 underachievers and a comparison group of 74…

Baslanti, Ugur; McCoach, D. Betsy

2006-01-01

245

Managing the Transition to University for Disabled Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine mechanisms for managing the transition from school/college/work to university for disabled students Design/methodology/approach: A research project using a case study methodology in a UK university department was conducted over a four year period. Findings: The paper finds that it is important that…

Taylor, Mark; Baskett, Mike; Wren, Chris

2010-01-01

246

The Contribution of University Accommodation to International Student Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we argue that living in university accommodation is a possible means of improving the security of international students. Our argument is supported by a qualitative case study of a single Hall of Residence on Monash University's Clayton campus. Data were collected primarily from interviews with three groups of participants--six…

Paltridge, Toby; Mayson, Susan; Schapper, Jan

2010-01-01

247

An Examination of ESL Taiwanese University Students' Multimodal Reading Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an empirical study conducted in a Taiwanese English as a second language university class. Reader response theory is the theoretical framework guiding the study. Fifty-nine university students were encouraged to collaboratively create multimodal responses to a classic English reading. Taking an aesthetic reading stance, the…

Lee, Hsiao-Chien

2013-01-01

248

Approaches to Learning of TAFE and University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian study of 80 technical-and-further-education (TAFE) and 89 university students and 381 other undergraduates (114 previously in TAFE) found that predicted differences in their approaches to learning were not confirmed. There was no evidence that the different missions of universities and TAFE institutes influenced different learning…

Fuller, Richard; Chalmers, Denise

1999-01-01

249

Teaching English as a Second Language to Mexican University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes one teacher's experiences teaching English to Mexican university students at the Instituto Technologico y de Estudios Superiores de Mexico (ITESM), which is considered Mexico's top private university. The author taught two levels of English as a Second Language: English 2 and advanced English. The entire ITESM system used the…

Frusher, Susan

250

An Environmental Education Initiative with University Business Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the ways in which universities can contribute to environmental awareness is by establishing programs to ensure that all graduates are environmentally literate. This article describes a case in which a module for business students on environmental management at the University of Wales, Swansea was developed to include an element of environmental reviewing. The way in which this is introduced to students through a role playing exercise is described. A number of reviews have been carried out by student groups, and the article reports on the difficulties they have encountered as well as some lessons that can be learned from these exercises.

Probert, E.

251

International Student Complaint Behaviour: How Do East Asian Students Complain to Their University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing acceptance that students can also be viewed as consumers of higher education (HE) has acted as a catalyst for universities to place greater emphasis on issues such as student satisfaction and retention. Indeed, the UK National Student Survey covered 152 institutions in 2009. However, far less attention has been paid to the concept of…

Hart, David J.; Coates, Nigel F.

2010-01-01

252

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

253

Students Left behind: The Limitations of University-Based Health Insurance for Students with Mental Illnesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing trend in college and university health care is the requirement that students demonstrate proof of health insurance prior to enrollment. An increasing number of schools are contracting with insurance companies to provide students with school-based options for health insurance. Although this is advantageous to students in some ways, tying…

McIntosh, Belinda J.; Compton, Michael T.; Druss, Benjamin G.

2012-01-01

254

White Student Attitudes about African American Students in a University Setting. Research Report #9-90.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a study that compared the attitudes of White university students toward African American students and discusses their perceptions about the classroom and campus environments. The study revealed that White students who had shared a dormitory room with a person of a different racial group and evaluated the…

Molla, Bekele; Westbrook, Franklin D.

255

Investigating Student Understanding of the Universe: Dark Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Student pre-course surveys reveal that students who enter the classroom have little knowledge or understanding of the concept of dark matter (DM). At Chicago State University, we enthusiastically introduce this concept to students through interactive tutorials and hands-on inquiry-based laboratory activities. We have analyzed pre and post laboratory assessments and student interviews to determine the extent to which these tutorials have helped our students to gain a more robust understanding of the topic. The results of this work will be presented. This project is a part of our efforts at CSU to reform our introductory astronomy course. This project is part of a larger study; also see our posters on student ideas about the age and expansion of the universe, the structure of the universe, and perceptions of astronomical sizes and distances. This work was supported by NASA ROSES E/PO Grant #NNXlOAC89G, as well as by the Illinois Space Grant Consortium and National Science Foundation CCLI Grant #0632563 at Chicago State University and the Fermi E/PO program at Sonoma State University.

Nickerson, Melissa; Coble, K.; Cochran, G. L.; Hayes, V. L.; Camarillo, C. T.; Bailey, J. M.; McLin, K. M.; Cominsky, L. R.

2011-05-01

256

The importance of hopelessness among university students seeking psychiatric counseling.  

PubMed

Hopelessness is a clinically important state relative to morbidity and suicide risk among university students. We examined its role in relation to presenting concerns, diagnosis, psychopharmacologic treatment and spiritual orientation among students seeking treatment at a university counseling center. The most commonly identified concern was anxiety, followed by stress and depression. Eighty-two percent were given a DSM IV diagnosis. Hopelessness was higher among students dually diagnosed with anxiety and depressive disorders and those who were started on psychiatric medication. Spirituality was inversely correlated with hopelessness and constitutes a personal characteristic warranting further investigation. The concerns bringing students to counseling, the rates of DSM IV diagnosis and the use of psychiatric medication suggest a preponderance of psychopathology over developmental or situational concerns that may be more prominent than has been noted in the counseling literature. In this regard, hopelessness appears to be an important feature even beyond its relationship to suicidality and merits attention and evaluation in student counseling. PMID:18807185

Williams, Caroline B; Galanter, Marc; Dermatis, Helen; Schwartz, Victor

2008-12-01

257

University Students' Value Priorities and Emotional Empathy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a comparison of the Schwartz typology of values and the Spranger-Allport-Vernon typology. Investigates the differences among students in business, social science, and technology in emotional empathy and the relationships of value priorities and emotional empathy in different fields. Includes references. (CMK)

Myyry, Liisa; Helkama, Klaus

2001-01-01

258

University Students’ Understanding of Chemical Thermodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored undergraduate students’ understanding of the chemistry topic of thermodynamics using a 4-tier diagnostic instrument, comprising 30 questions, and follow-up interviews. An additional objective of the study was to assess the utility of the 4-tier instrument for use in studies on alternative conceptions (ACs) as there has been no study done on it since its introduction in the

Bellam Sreenivasulu; R. Subramaniam

2012-01-01

259

Student Development in Tribal Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tribal colleges play a powerful role in the personal development as well as the academic development of American Indian students. By providing access, exposure to native culture, personal support, preparation for further education, and a sense of empowerment, tribal colleges are influential in advancing self-awareness, interpersonal sensitivity,…

Guardia, Juan R.; Evans, Nancy

2008-01-01

260

Sentence Combining Activities for Japanese University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven sentence combining activities designed to be stimulating and effective for college-level Japanese students of English as a Second Language are described. It is also demonstrated that a wide range of subjects can provide viable and engaging topics for the activities. The exercises include the following: (1) combining sentences provided into a…

Kresovich, Brant M.

1989-01-01

261

Instructor's transformational leadership: university student attitudes and ratings.  

PubMed

We extend leadership research by examining the effect of an instructor's transformational leadership on university students. 120 undergraduate students provided ratings for their instructors on Charisma, Intellectual Stimulation, and Individual Consideration as well as the Instructors' Performance and the Students' Involvement in class. Multiple regression analyses indicated that Intellectual Stimulation and Charisma together accounted for 66.3% of the variance in the prediction of Instructor's Performance ratings. In turn, Intellectual Stimulation and Individual Consideration combined to account for 55.1% of the variance in predicting Student Involvement. PMID:12785619

Harvey, Steve; Royal, Martin; Stout, Dale

2003-04-01

262

The role of the nurse teacher in clinical practice: an empirical study of Finnish student nurse experiences.  

PubMed

This paper focuses on the role of the nurse teacher (NT) in supporting student nurse education in clinical practice. The paper draws on the outcomes of a study aimed at exploring student nurse experiences of the pedagogical relationship with NTs during their clinical placements. The participants (N=549) were student nurses studying on pre-registration nursing programmes in Finland. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, cross-tabulation and ANOVA. The study showed that the core aspect of NTs work in clinical practice revolved around the relationship between student, mentor and NT. Higher levels of satisfaction were experienced in direct proportion to the number of meetings held between the student and NT. However, whilst the importance of this relationship has been reported elsewhere, an additional aspect of this relationship emerged in the data analysis. Those NT who facilitated good face to face contact also used other methods to enhance the relationship, particularly e-mail, virtual learning environment and texting. This outcome suggests that NT's interpersonal and communicative skills are as important as their clinical knowledge and skills in promoting effective learning in the clinical practice area. The paper argues for such approaches to be utilised within the emergent opportunities afforded by new communication and educational technologies. PMID:19232789

Saarikoski, Mikko; Warne, Tony; Kaila, Päivi; Leino-Kilpi, Helena

2009-08-01

263

Adult Students' Achievement Goal Orientations and Evaluations of the Learning Environment: A Person-Centred Longitudinal Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the stability and change in students' achievement goal orientations and whether the students' perceptions of the learning environment vary as a function of their achievement goal orientations. Participants were 169 students of the Finnish National Defense University. The students' goal orientations and their evaluations of…

Pulkka, Antti-Tuomas; Niemivirta, Markku

2013-01-01

264

Introducing Systems Concepts to All University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that systems thinking transcends disciplinary boundaries and should be part of everyone's education. Stresses future importance of systems global models and their capacity for planning and decision making on a world scale. A tentative topic outline for a systems approach course at university level is proposed. (Author/SMB)

Kahne, Stephen

1980-01-01

265

University Teaching: A Guide for Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for graduate teaching assistants (TAs) presents 15 essays regarding the place of teaching in the lives of those teaching at the university level, and the responsibilities of teachers at all points in their careers. The book offers practical classroom strategies as well as selections from current research on teaching and learning. The 15…

Lambert, Leo M., Ed.; And Others

266

Spanish Pre-University Students' Use of English: CEA Results from the University Entrance Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper an updated overview of the main errors that Spanish students make when writing the English exam in the University Entrance Examination is provided. To do so, a Computer-aided Error Analysis (CEA) (Dagneaux, Denness & Granger, 1998) was conducted on a representative sample of the students who took the exam in June 2008 in Jaen, and…

Diez-Bedmar, Maria Belen

2011-01-01

267

Universalism, Particularism and cultural self-awareness: a comparison of American and Turkish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universalism implies that correct behavior can be defined and always applies, while particularism suggests that relationships are more important than abstract social codes. The United States is generally considered universalistic, and Turkey particularistic. In the current study, American and Turkish students first reacted to a hypothetical situation in order to determine their location on the universalist-particularist dimension. The students were

Donald Tompkins; Diane Galbraith

268

A Four Stage Process of Cooperative Teaching for Beginning University Teachers Meeting First Year University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four stage process of co-operative teaching for beginning university teachers meeting first year groups of students provides a structured way in which classes can be developed. Through a process of induction, barriers to classroom participation are minimised, roles are clarified, academic goals are considered and an active knowledge concept is introduced. Students are encouraged to critically assess their own

JOANNA KIDMAN; KEN STEVENS

269

How Do Students Choose a University? An Analysis of Applications to Universities in Ontario, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses a unique set of microdata on university applications to examine the role played by institutional attributes in choices made by graduating high school students between the 17 universities in the Province of Ontario, Canada. We estimate a rank-ordered logit model that uses all information contained in each applicant's ranking of…

Drewes, Torben; Michael, Christopher

2006-01-01

270

Implementation of the Finnish University Libraries National Information Literacy Recommendation into academic studies at the Kumpula Science Library, University of Helsinki  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to document the co-operation between a librarian of a science library and the teaching staff of a university in a project where a pilot course of information literacy was constructed. The central aim of the project was to integrate information literacy teaching into the bachelor-level studies and thus implement the national recommendation

Anne Kakkonen; Antti Virrankoski

2010-01-01

271

Dietary patterns of female university students with nutrition education.  

PubMed

Dietary patterns were examined in a convenience sample of 36 female University of Alberta students, all of whom had completed at least one nutrition course. Data from a validated food frequency questionnaire were used to determine if students had a dietary pattern similar to that recommended in Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide (EWCFG) or by the Traditional Healthy Mediterranean Diet Pyramid (THMDP), as measured using a Mediterranean Diet Quality Index Score. No student consumed the THMDP minimum number of portions of legumes, seeds, and nuts, of olive oil, or of whole grains. The majority did not meet the minimum EWCFG recommendations for any food group. The results suggest that nutrition education alone may be insufficient to ensure optimal dietary patterns among female university students. The methodology reported in this study is novel in assessing whether dietary patterns resemble the THMDP or the EWCFG. PMID:24018006

Strawson, Cynthia; Bell, Rhonda; Downs, Shauna; Farmer, Anna; Olstad, Dana; Willows, Noreen

2013-01-01

272

Breast cancer knowledge and awareness among university students in Angola  

PubMed Central

Background The high breast cancer mortality rate in Sub-Saharan Africa has been attributed to a lack of public awareness of the disease which often leads to late diagnosis of the disease. Little is known about the level of knowledge and awareness of breast cancer in Angola. Previous studies have shown that breast cancer awareness is higher among well-educated people. The goal of this study was to assess breast cancer knowledge and awareness among university students in Angola. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey of university students using a self-administered questionnaire to investigate participants’ awareness and knowledge of breast cancer. A total of 595 university students in medical and non-medical programs successfully completed the survey. Results Our results showed insufficient knowledge of breast cancer among university students in Angola irrespective of whether they were in medical or non-medical programs. The majority of the participants were not aware of some of the early signs of breast cancer such as change in color or shape of the nipple, even though they appreciated the need for monthly breast self-examination. Overall most of the participants indicated the need for increased breast cancer awareness among university students. Conclusion The study points to the insufficient knowledge of university students in Angola about breast cancer. We expect that our results may provide useful data that may be used by the department of health in Angola and other African countries to formulate health education programs aimed at increasing awareness and promote screening and early detection of breast cancer in the continent.

Sambanje, Martha Nyanungo; Mafuvadze, Benford

2012-01-01

273

Evaluation of a mobile learning organiser for university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the most-used tools for such a learning device and

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Susan Bull; Tony Chan

2005-01-01

274

Sexual victimization prevalence among New Zealand university students.  

PubMed

In a survey of New Zealand undergraduate university students, 51.6% of 347 women revealed that they had experienced some form of sexual victimization (using the Sexual Experiences Survey; Koss & Oros, 1982), and 25.3% had either been raped or experienced attempted rape. These prevalence data are almost identical to those found using the same instrument with a national sample of U.S. university student women (Koss, Gidycz, & Wisniewski, 1987). The men in the New Zealand sample, however, reported perpetrating considerably less sexual aggression than their American counterparts. Most of the sexual victimization reported by women occurred within heterosexual relationships. PMID:2071732

Gavey, N

1991-06-01

275

A search for Bordetella pertussis infection in university students.  

PubMed

University students with persistent cough of greater than or equal to 6 days' duration were evaluated for evidence of infection with Bordetella pertussis. Of 130 students studied during a 30-month period, 34 (26%) were found to have evidence of recent infections with B. pertussis. Infection was identified by direct fluorescent antibody assay of a nasopharyngeal specimen in one student and serologically in 33 additional subjects. B. pertussis was not recovered on culture of nasopharyngeal specimens from any subjects. Students with B. pertussis infection were identified in seven of the eight 3-month periods in which students were enrolled during the 30-month investigation, suggesting an endemic rather than epidemic pattern of infection in this university population. Illnesses of students with pertussis were similar to the illnesses of students without pertussis. The findings in this study suggest that adult populations in which endemic illness occurs at a relatively constant rate may be the reservoirs for pertussis outbreaks in susceptible children. Immunization programs in the future will need to employ booster doses for adults if complete control of B. pertussis infection is our goal. PMID:1554832

Mink, C M; Cherry, J D; Christenson, P; Lewis, K; Pineda, E; Shlian, D; Dawson, J A; Blumberg, D A

1992-02-01

276

Beliefs about euthanasia among university students: perspectives from Pakistan.  

PubMed

Opinions of university students about euthanasia were studied in 4 cities in Pakistan using convenience sampling. A total of 836 students (316 males and 520 females) completed a questionnaire in which euthanasia was defined as deliberate administration of an overdose of a drug by a doctor to relieve pain and suffering of a dying patient at his/her explicit request to end his/her life. Only 25.6% of students agreed that euthanasia should be legalized in Pakistan. The most common reason cited for legalization of euthanasia was to relieve patient's suffering but only when a committee of physicians agreed to recommend it. Students who opposed legalization (74.4%) cited impediments to future medical research as the most common reason, followed by the risk of misuse by physicians or family members. Only 8.9% of students cited religious beliefs as a reason against legalization. There is a need in Pakistan for more debate about euthanasia. PMID:22256415

Shaikh, M A; Kamal, A

2011-10-01

277

Students and Their Presenting Concerns at a Student Counselling Service at a South African University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a summary of the concerns and the demographic data collected from clients at the Student Counselling Service (SCS) at the University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa, during the period of March 2001 to April 2003. First-time presenting clients who are enrolled students, were asked to ill out an anonymous questionnaire, of…

Schreiber, B. M.

2007-01-01

278

Factors Influencing Student Satisfaction in Universities in the Gulf Region: Does Gender of Students Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While various research studies have focused on antecedents and consequences of student satisfaction, few studies have done so in the Gulf region. The objective of the present study was therefore to design and empirically examine a model of student satisfaction in a private university in the Gulf region that operates in a high-technology-enabled…

Parahoo, Sanjai K.; Harvey, Heather L.; Tamim, Rana M.

2013-01-01

279

Variables Affecting Medical Faculty Students' Achievement: A Mersin University Sample  

PubMed Central

Background: Training provided in medical faculties is mainly composed of two phases: preclinical and clinical. Preclinical period, or the first three years, consists of theoretical classes and practical implementations to develop vocational skills. In the clinical period, students are given applied courses. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the role of demographic characteristics and medical students’ life habits on their academic achievement. Patients and Methods: For this purpose, a 20-item survey form with two sections developed by the researchers was used. Students were also asked to identify the averages of committee exams as the academic achievement indicator. Participating students (n = 287) were from Mersin University Medical Faculty during 2012-2013 session. Results: Totally, 60.3% of the students were males with an average age of 21.16 ± 1.39, and their general grade point average was 63.39 ± 9.08. Students in their second year (P = 0.000), who were females (P = 0.000), graduated from Anatolian Teachers High Schools (P = 0.002), financially well off (P = 0.026), stayed in state hostels (P = 0.032), did not smoke (P = 0.042) and regularly did sports (P = 0.016) were significantly more successful compared to others. Conclusions: Students’ socioeconomic resources and habits play roles on academic achievement. Solutions that incorporate economic support which can eliminate negative situations leading to inequality of opportunity among students would increase students' achievement.

Ogenler, Oya; Selvi, Huseyin

2014-01-01

280

University Students' Experiences of Nonmarital Breakups: A Grounded Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior nonmarital breakup research has been focused on negative outcomes, rarely examining the personal growth aspects of this experience. In this study, we used a qualitative grounded theory methodology to explore the changes that university students reported experiencing as a result of a heterosexual nonmarital breakup and how those changes…

Hebert, Sarah; Popadiuk, Natalee

2008-01-01

281

Using the Intelligent Careers Card Sort with University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the experiences of university students who completed the Intelligent Careers Card Sort (ICCS), a career exploration exercise that is based on the Intelligent Career framework. This Intelligent Career model is discussed in the context of the subjective career and the changing economy, and research on card sorts is briefly reviewed.…

Wnuk, Susan M.; Amundson, Norman E.

2003-01-01

282

Teaching Law to Online Law Students at RMIT University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the online Juris Doctor Program (JD Program) at RMIT University. The first part of the paper provides a brief overview of the JD Program, the graduate capabilities of the Program and key principles associated with the teaching of law to online postgraduate students. In line with the literature in the area of online teaching…

Babacan, Alperhan

2011-01-01

283

University Students' Understanding of Nonconservation: Implications for Structural Reversion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University students' understanding of the laws of matter conservation, weight conservation, gravity and the functioning of levers were examined before, during, and after a traditional weight conservation task in which a surreptitious deception caused the pan balance scale not to balance. (Author/JMB)

Strauss, Sidney; And Others

1977-01-01

284

The Diversity of Value Meanings among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the current study was to tap implicit theories of a set of values selected from Schwartz's value model. The associations to seven value items (helpful, broad-minded, social justice, unity with nature, authority, ambitious and successful) were examined by a sample of 130 university students from three different fields of study (social…

Myyry, Liisa

2008-01-01

285

University Students' Perceptions of the Life Effects of Stuttering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An open-ended, written survey was administered to 146 university students who did not stutter to obtain their impressions of the effects of stuttering on the lives of people who stutter (PWS). Participants first wrote about the general effects of stuttering and then considered how their lives would be different if they stuttered. Both types of…

Hughes, Stephanie; Gabel, Rodney; Irani, Farzan; Schlagheck, Adam

2010-01-01

286

Universities urged to train all students in suicide prevention.  

PubMed

NURSES AT the RCN congress last month overwhelmingly backed a resolution calling on universities to make suicide-prevention training a part of every pre-registration nursing course, not only those for students studying the mental health branch. PMID:24984725

2014-07-01

287

Retaining Latino Students: Culturally Responsive Instruction in Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the authors define and describe culturally responsive teaching (CRT) in college and university courses. Whereas, the Latino population in our K-12 schools has grown rapidly, we have not seen such growth in the population of Latino students in our postsecondary schools. It is the authors' position that CRT can be a tool in helping…

Pappamihiel, N. Eleni; Moreno, Marcio

2011-01-01

288

Costa Rican High Education, Its Universities and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple efforts have been undertaken around the world to describe and categorize universities and systems of higher education, in the understanding that knowledge about these institutions can inform interventions which can improve educational quality and efficiency, while helping consumers--students, parents, employers, and governments--make…

Castro, Silvia P.

2010-01-01

289

Sexual Victimization Prevalence Among New Zealand University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a survey of New Zealand undergraduate university students, 51.6% of 347 women revealed that they had experienced some form of sexual victimization (using the Sexual Experiences Survey; Koss & Oros, 1982), and 25.3% had either been raped or experienced attempted rape. These prevalence data are almost identical to those found using the same instrument with a national sample of

Nicola Gavey

1991-01-01

290

Depressive symptoms personal health behaviors and smoking among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Smoking is addictive and harmful, causing health problems and death; therefore, there is a need to understand which factors contribute to smoking. The prevalence rates of smoking are currently the highest among university students. The main objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the association of smoking status with depressive symptoms and personal health behaviors. Methods: A sample

Hikmet YAZICI; Ismail AK

291

"Managing" Disability: Early Experiences of University Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent UK legislation, operational from December 2006, places a duty on all public authorities, including higher education institutions, to actively promote equality of opportunity for people with disabilities. The university studied here has a number of initiatives in place to develop good practice in this area, but how do students themselves…

Goode, Jackie

2007-01-01

292

Beliefs about Mental Illness among University Students in Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To detect differences in attitudes towards psychiatric illness, regarding its nature, cause, different ways of therapy, possibility of cure and the effect on the society in two areas from different socioeconomic classes in Egypt. Method: A survey study using self administered questionnaire, to detect culture differences between students of Cairo and Beni Suef universities \\

Hani Hamed Dessoki

293

Behavioral Activation for Moderately Depressed University Students: Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although depression is prevalent among university students, limited and dated research has examined the efficacy of behavioral interventions in treating this population (C. Lee, 2005). On the basis of a modified version of the Behavioral Activation Treatment for Depression (BATD; D. R. Hopko & C. W. Lejuez, 2007; C. W. Lejuez, D. R. Hopko, & S. D.…

Gawrysiak, Michael; Nicholas, Christopher; Hopko, Derek R.

2009-01-01

294

Career Guidance and Counseling for University Students in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, various forms of career guidance and career counseling have become more prominent and better serviced in most universities throughout the world. Such services are obviously to the benefit of the students themselves and for society. After an initially slow start, researchers and practitioners in China have now begun to focus on the…

Sun, Vincy Jing; Yuen, Mantak

2012-01-01

295

‘Managing’ disability: early experiences of university students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent UK legislation, operational from December 2006, places a duty on all public authorities, including higher education institutions, to actively promote equality of opportunity for people with disabilities. The university studied here has a number of initiatives in place to develop good practice in this area, but how do students themselves experience that provision? Research about people with disabilities has

Jackie Goode

2007-01-01

296

Negation Errors in English by University of Jordan Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study attempted to determine whether the English negation errors made by the University of Jordan's students were similar to the English negation errors proposed by Klima and Bellugi (1966), or influenced by the Arabic syntactic structures of negative sentences. Data of negative structures were gathered, and error counts were…

Eisouh, Zuhair S.

2011-01-01

297

Alcohol Use and the Effects on University Business Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the effects of alcohol consumption on university undergraduate students in eight management schools in the province of Ontario, Canada. The study establishes two contrasting groups--the socially oriented and the academically oriented. It elaborates on the potential consequences that excessive drinking may have on the learning,…

Belanger, Charles H.; Leonard, Valorie M.; Lebrasseur, Rolland

2011-01-01

298

EFFECTS OF CONTEXT ON EVERYDAY CONVERSATIONS OF TURKISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employed a diary method to investigate everyday conversations. Consistent with a dynamic view of partner context interaction, it was predicted that conversations occurring in different contexts would show variations with respect to topics and conversation partners. Turkish university students recorded durations, topics, and conversation partners of their conversations for seven consecutive days. Contexts, topics, and partners were categorized.

NURAN HORTAÇSU; ATIYE ORAL; YE?IM YASAK

1996-01-01

299

Promoting Intercultural Contact Between Australian and International University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In view of the equivocal findings relating to the intercultural contact hypothesis and the practical issue of the lack of contact between Australian and international university students, a study was conducted to assess the efficacy of an intervention designed to promote contact between members of the two groups in one setting (a residential college) on their contact on the wider

Patricia Todd; Drew Nesdale

1997-01-01

300

Perceptions of HPV Vaccine amongst UK University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this small-scale focus group study is to explore the impact the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine has on attitudes towards HPV, cervical cancer and sexual risk taking amongst university students in the UK. Design/methodology/approach: Participants were recruited through advertisements placed on notice boards throughout the…

Martin, Ellen; Senior, Naomi; Abdullah, Ammar; Brown, Janine; Collings, Suzanne; Racktoo, Sophie; Walpole, Sarah; Zeiton, Moez; Heffernan, Catherine

2011-01-01

301

Group Process and Organizational Environment: Student Organizations in the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of different relationships between subgroups (student voluntary organizations) and their larger organizational environment (the university) on internal group processes are examined. It is hypothesized that the relationship is reflected in the ways members are recruited and integrated, group norms and values, and the kinds of…

Gamson, Zelda F.

1974-01-01

302

Laptops and University Students: A Review and Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines college student attitudes toward laptop computers and the impact that laptops are having on higher education. Compares laptop ownership to traditional computer lab use; gives examples of colleges that have laptop programs; and discusses laptop use and attitudes at Zayed University (United Arab Emirates). (Author/LRW)

Kontos, George

2002-01-01

303

Multivariate Prediction of Academic Performance by Hong Kong University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Verbal intelligence, English-language skills, personality, and attitude scales were used as predictors of academic performance in students at the University of Hong Kong. A series of bivariate, multiple, and canonical correlation analyses were performed. Results indicate that verbal intelligence and attitudes, except study orientation, were not…

Ho, David, Y. F.; Spinks, John A.

1985-01-01

304

Transfer Student Graduation Efficiency and University Administrators: New Bedfellows  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability is an important focus for nearly all-public higher education institutions. In 1997 the Washington State Legislature mandated an accountability measure designed to encourage public universities to increase student efficiency toward graduation. This accountability measure is assessed by a formula called the Graduation Efficiency…

Poch, Susan; Wolverton, Mimi

2005-01-01

305

Metacognitive Theory and Levels of History Department Students, Karabuk University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to study the levels of metacognition of students of History Department of Karabuk University and whether they differ according to their variables terms. Screening model was used in this study. Basic information about the concept of metacognition and metacognitive theory from movement of national and international literature were…

Candan, Ahmet Sait

2012-01-01

306

University faculty and information literacy: Who teaches the students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This descriptive study reports on a 1995 survey at the University of Wyoming, in which faculty and academic professionals were asked how they acquire information, and how they require or encourage students to access and use information. The findings describe the characteristics and roles of faculty who use technology for information access, which resources they use, which sources they promote

Donna Amstutz; Donna Whitson

1997-01-01

307

The Predictive Validity of the University Student Selection Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the predictive validity of the 2003 University Student Selection Examination (OSS). For this purpose, freshman grade point average (FGPA) in higher education was predicted by raw scores, standard scores, and placement scores (YEP). This study has been conducted on a research group. In this study,…

Karakaya, Ismail; Tavsancil, Ezel

2008-01-01

308

Transfer Patterns of Students, University of Hawaii System, Fall 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1975, 4,702 students transferred into the University of Hawaii (UH) System, representing a 15.5 percent increase over the number of transfers in 1974. Of the total, 56 percent transferred from within the UH System, 6 percent transferred from other Hawaii institutions, and 36 percent transferred from out-of-state institutions. The total…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Management Systems Office.

309

Facing Enrollment Crisis, Japanese Universities Fight to Attract Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Not long ago Japanese campuses were Spartan affairs with few frills American students take for granted. But times have changed. College enrollments are plummeting as Japan's supply of youngsters dries up and universities prepare for a profound shakeout that could see more than a quarter of all campuses closing in the next few years. Now, Japanese…

McNeill, David

2008-01-01

310

The Ideal Man and Woman According to University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study determined if the ideal man has changed over the years and who and what the ideal woman is. We asked students at Cameron University to rate the importance of character traits that define the ideal man and woman. Subjects also provided examples of famous people exemplifying the ideal, good, average, and inferior man and woman. We…

Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio V.; Peterson, Scott A.

2009-01-01

311

Alternative Medicine and Herbal Use among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors investigated the predictors of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and herbal supplement use among university students. They investigated demographic factors, trait affectivity, symptom reports, and individuals' worries about modernity as potential contributors to use of CAM and herbals. The authors surveyed 506…

Johnson, Susan K.; Blanchard, Anita

2006-01-01

312

Breakup Effects on University Students' Perceived Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Problem: Problems that might be expected to affect perceived academic performance were studied in a sample of 283 university students. Results: Breakup Distress Scale scores, less time since the breakup and no new relationship contributed to 16% of the variance on perceived academic performance. Variables that were related to academic…

Field, Tiffany; Diego, Miguel; Pelaez, Martha; Deeds, Osvelia; Delgado, Jeannette

2012-01-01

313

National Astronomy Day: Bringing the Universe to Your Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do teachers help students realize their place in the universe? How do they teach the relationship among the Earth, Moon, stars, and galaxies during daylight hours? Most teachers assume that astronomy is a difficult subject to teach in the classroom and that without a planetarium little can be learned. In this article, the authors discuss…

Fendrich, Jean; Brown, Mark

2012-01-01

314

Determinants of Participating in Australian University Student Exchange Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outbound mobility programs such as exchange programs are one of the many strategies implemented at universities to develop graduates' intercultural skills and international knowledge. Few Australian students participate in exchange programs. This article presents a literature review and proposes a model of the contextual and individual factors…

Daly, Amanda

2011-01-01

315

Cyber High School Students' Transition to a Traditional University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-method study identifies cyber high school graduates' perceptions of the effect of a cyber high school education on successful transition to a traditional university. The study examined students' perceptions of the advantages and disadvantages their cyber education experience contributed to their academic and social transition to…

Gracey, Dorothy M.

2010-01-01

316

Memory Content of Scientific Concepts in Beginning University Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the characteristics of the content of scientific concepts stored in memory by beginning university science students. The features of this representation are examined and compared to the memory content of abstract non-scientific concepts shown by previous studies. Property generation task, a tool extensively used in identifying…

Mateus, Geral; Otero, Jose

2011-01-01

317

A study on the sleep quality of incoming university students.  

PubMed

This study was designed to examine the prevalence and the risk factors of poor sleep quality in 4318 incoming university students in Taiwan. The test battery comprised a self-administered structured questionnaire, including items related to personal medical history and lifestyle habits, the Measurement of Support Functions (MSF), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Chinese Internet Addiction Scale-Revision (CIAS-R), neuroticism subscale of the Maudsley Personality Inventory (MPI), and the 12-item Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ-12). Of the total study population, 2360 students (54.7%) were classified into the poor sleep quality group, as defined by a PSQI score ?6. Based on the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, poor sleep quality was significantly associated with undergraduate students, female gender, skipping breakfast, tea drinking, a higher tendency toward internet addition, poor social support, higher neuroticism, and higher CHQ scores. Poor sleep quality is prevalent among incoming university students in Taiwan, and more work is needed on the identification of the factors influencing poor sleep, and in providing systematic education in the importance of sleep and time management skills to university students. PMID:22342120

Cheng, Shu Hui; Shih, Chi-Chen; Lee, I Hui; Hou, Yi-Wen; Chen, Kao Chin; Chen, Kow-Tong; Yang, Yen Kuang; Yang, Yi Ching

2012-05-30

318

Relationship between student: athlete satisfaction and leadership profiles of sport administrators in Nigerian Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sports in the Nigerian Universities are essentially for students and by students. This means that the student is not only the prime beneficiary but also a prime producer of sports as entertainment in the university. Therefore the success of the university athletic programme depends on the satisfaction that students derive from sports. This study was conducted to find out the

Musa Garba Yakasat; Venkateshwarlu Kankanala

2010-01-01

319

University-Level Research Projects for High School Students  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this project was to provide an opportunity for high school students to participate in university-level research projects. In this case, students from Pinkerton Academy (Derry, New Hampshire) were invited to participate in efforts to catalog data from the COMPTEL experiment on NASA's Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO). These activities were part of a senior level honors course at Pinkerton. Although the success of this particular program was rather limited, we feel that the general concept is a sound one. In principle, the concept of partnerships between local schools and university researchers is one that could be especially attractive to soft money researchers. Programs can be carefully designed to benefit both the students and the research program.

McConnell, Mark L.

2000-01-01

320

Drug Abuse among University Students of Rafsanjan, Iran  

PubMed Central

Objective: The present study aimed to determine the frequency of drug abused in a sample of university students in Rafsanjan, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1,260 students volunteered (311 males and 949 females) with mean age of 21.35 years. Data were collected by a self-administrated questionnaire regarding drugs abuse and demographic information. Results: Benzodiazepines were the most common abused drugs which were reported in 94 students (7.4%). Other agents studied were cigarette and tobacco (159, cases 12.6%), alcoholic drinks (60 cases, 4.7%), and opiates (42 cases, 3.3%). Forty-three students (3.4%) had used methylphenidate in the last 6 months. Of this, 39 (90.6%) experienced insomnia. All students who abused methylphenidate indicated that the reason for this behavior was to raise alertness and conscious levels. Conclusion: The pattern of drug abuse among the students here seems similar to other reports from Iranian universities.

Rezahosseini, Omid; Roohbakhsh, Ali; Tavakolian, Vahid; Assar, Sepideh

2014-01-01

321

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

Keloglu-Isler, Esra; Erdogan, Irfan

322

The student code: ethical and professional expectations of medical students at the University of Otago.  

PubMed

Medical students at the University of Otago are now required to sign a 'student code' on beginning medical school. This new requirement has been put in place in response to changes to the medical curriculum that have resulted in earlier and increased contact with patients, healthcare staff and the general public, and in order to recognise and formalise the students' own learning needs. While a student code can most obviously be useful for disciplinary and assessment purposes, the authors make a claim for the code to be used as educational tool to assist students to internalise their obligations to others. The student code, while having common values espoused in other extant codes, is framed with the student experience in mind. The authors discuss the process of development, implementation and proposed review. PMID:20651867

Anderson, Lynley C; Pickering, Neil J

2010-07-16

323

Australian and International Student Success Rates in Group of Eight Universities. Go8 Backgrounder 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Go8 Backgrounder compares the academic performance of three cohorts of students in Group of Eight (Go8) universities: Australian students, international students on campus in Australia (onshore) and international students overseas (offshore). Analysis of data supplied by Go8 universities shows that in 2007 students passed 91.8% of the courses…

Group of Eight (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

324

Cigarette smoking among university students in Greece: a comparison between medical and other students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  The purpose of the study was to investigate the smoking habits of medical and other students and to explore the most important\\u000a factors associated with students’ smoking.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  University students were surveyed in late spring 2006 regarding their smoking status and additional health- and behavior-related\\u000a characteristics.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  A total of 1205 (269 medical and 936 nonmedical) students participated in the study. Of

Evangelos C. Alexopoulos; Eleni Jelastopulu; Konstantinos Aronis; Dimitris Dougenis

2010-01-01

325

Characteristics, Academic and Post-University Outcomes of Students with a Disability at the University of Newcastle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed students with a disability and a matched sample of students without a disability over a 3-year period at the University of Newcastle. Examined characteristics and academic outcomes of students with a disability because they are significantly underrepresented at Australian universities. Found significant differences between some personal…

Foreman, Phil; Dempsey, Ian; Robinson, Greg; Manning, Eric

2001-01-01

326

Waterpipe Tobacco and Cigarette Smoking Among University Students in Jordan  

PubMed Central

Setting While waterpipe and cigarette smoking are well studied in Syria and Lebanon, data from Jordan are sparse. Objectives To characterize the relative prevalence of waterpipe tobacco and cigarette smoking among university students in Jordan, and to compare the demographic and environmental factors associated with each form of tobacco use. Design We surveyed 1845 students randomly recruited from four universities in Jordan. We used multivariable logistic regression controlling for clustering of individuals within universities to determine associations between demographic and environmental covariates and waterpipe tobacco and cigarette use. Results Waterpipe tobacco smoking rates were 30% in the past 30 days and 56% ever, and cigarette smoking rates were 29% in the past 30 days and 57% ever. Past 30-day waterpipe tobacco smoking rates were 59% for males and 13% for females. Compared with males, females had substantially lower odds of being current waterpipe (OR=0.12, 95% CI=0.10–0.15) or cigarette (OR=0.08, 95% CI=0.05–0.14) smokers. Compared with waterpipe tobacco smoking, current cigarette smoking was more significantly associated with markers of high socioeconomic status. Conclusion Waterpipe tobacco smoking is as common as cigarette smoking among Jordanian university students. While cigarette smoking is consistently associated with high socioeconomic status, waterpipe tobacco smoking is more evenly distributed across various populations.

Khabour, Omar F.; Alzoubi, Karem H.; Eissenberg, Thomas; Mehrotra, Purnima; Azab, Mohammed; Carroll, Mary; Afifi, Rema A.; Primack, Brian A.

2013-01-01

327

Bridging Troubled Waters: Helping Students Make the Transition from High School to University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses recent programs and procedures based at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ontario, designed to help students' transition from high school to university. Students are poorly prepared for university, and the meagre assistance they get from pre-university orientations, or even from longer-term programs such as University

Pancer, S. Mark; Pratt, Michael; Hunsberger, Bruce; Alisat, Susan

2004-01-01

328

University Rankings in Action? The Importance of Rankings and an Excellence Competition for University Choice of High-Ability Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes how high-ability students respond to different indicators of university quality when applying for a university. Are prospective students influenced by quality indicators of a university ranking or by an excellence status awarded within a nationwide competition? And if so, are some quality dimensions, e.g. research reputation,…

Horstschraer, Julia

2012-01-01

329

Student Mental Health: How Can Psychiatrists Better Support the Work of University Medical Centres and University Counselling Services?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student psychiatric morbidity is rising. Whilst the influence of university counselling services is widely reported, NHS involvement by psychiatrists and general practitioners is not so well described. Counselling and mental health service providers for students at the University of Leeds were approached for numerical data and a university Group…

Waller, Rob; Mahmood, Tariq; Gandi, Robert; Delves, Sally; Humphrys, Nigel; Smith, Debbie

2005-01-01

330

University/NETL Student Partnership Program. Third Year Technical Report. September 1, 2000-August 31, 2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University/National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Student Partnership Program provides graduate student support for research for least 20 hours per week at an NETL facility under the joint supervision of NETL and university faculty. Twenty-nine ...

G. D. Holder

2003-01-01

331

Effects of pelvic adjustment on female university students' gait variables.  

PubMed

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pelvic adjustment using Gonstead techniques on posture in female university students. [Subjects] In this study, 30 female university students were selected and divided into a pelvic adjustment group of 15 subjects as an experimental group and a stretching group of 15 subjects as a control group. [Methods] Step length difference (SLD), stance phase difference (STPD), swing phase difference (SWPD), single support difference (SSD), and step time difference (STD) were evaluated in the subjects using an OptoGait. [Results] Whereas the adjustment group showed statistically significant differences in SLD, STPD, SWPD, SSD, and STD, the stretching group did not show any statistically significant differences in any of the items. [Conclusion] Pelvic adjustment can be applied using Gonstead techniques as a method of reducing differences in normal gait variables between the left and right sides in adults. PMID:24926147

Cho, Misuk; Jun, Ilsub

2014-05-01

332

Effects of Pelvic Adjustment on Female University Students' Gait Variables  

PubMed Central

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pelvic adjustment using Gonstead techniques on posture in female university students. [Subjects] In this study, 30 female university students were selected and divided into a pelvic adjustment group of 15 subjects as an experimental group and a stretching group of 15 subjects as a control group. [Methods] Step length difference (SLD), stance phase difference (STPD), swing phase difference (SWPD), single support difference (SSD), and step time difference (STD) were evaluated in the subjects using an OptoGait. [Results] Whereas the adjustment group showed statistically significant differences in SLD, STPD, SWPD, SSD, and STD, the stretching group did not show any statistically significant differences in any of the items. [Conclusion] Pelvic adjustment can be applied using Gonstead techniques as a method of reducing differences in normal gait variables between the left and right sides in adults.

Cho, Misuk; Jun, Ilsub

2014-01-01

333

REXUS II - rocket borne experiments for university students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is about the student part of REXUS II. Students at the Department of Space Science were invited to join a EUROLAUNCH rocket campaign. This was done with a short time of notice but we accepted the offer and have tried to do our best despite the lack of time. The attendees are spread over several programs at the Umeå University, Luleå University of Technology and Upper Secondary Space School, Kiruna which has lead to some interesting and challenging problems for the project managers. The launch of the rocket, an improved Orion rocket, was success. It was launched from SSC, Esrange at 21:53 local time the 28th of October 2004. All of the experiments didn't deliver the expected data or didn't even work but still the members of the experiment teams did learn a lot. So, despite the faults it was still a success if the participators someday use the gained knowledge and experience.

Inga, Mikael

2005-08-01

334

Hookah Use Among College Students from a Midwest University  

Microsoft Academic Search

National data indicate nearly a quarter of college students smoked from a hookah at some point in their lifetime regardless\\u000a of gender. To address this issue, researchers assessed the perceptions, knowledge, beliefs of hookah users at a large Midwestern\\u000a University and also determined what other drug related high-risk behaviors were associated with this behavior. An anonymous,\\u000a online survey was sent

Robert E. Braun; Tavis Glassman; Jennifer Wohlwend; Aubrey Whewell; Diana M. Reindl

335

Food habits of university nutrition students: pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test the feasibility and effectiveness of a present-oriented combined evaluation\\/intervention approach to nutrition education. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – After being given individual instruction in how to calculate servings, allocate items to food groups and identify food additives, all students in nutrition courses at Kuwait University are asked to complete tables with amounts of

Nedaa A. Al-Khamees

2009-01-01

336

Student Mental Health in a Chiropractic University Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This report is an attempt to frame the types of emotional challenges seen at a university counseling center with a unique population of chiropractic students compared with the normative college population. Methods:Thepsychologicalcomplaintsofstudentswere examined todetermine the populationthathas utilized psychologicalcounseling over the last 2 years at this institution.Results:The following issues were identified as the top three presenting concerns for individuals pursuing

Lisa E. Rubin

337

Life and value orientations of Turkish university students.  

PubMed

This study investigated the value orientations of optimists and pessimists and the value structures of each group. The Life Orientation Test and the Rokeach Value Survey were administered to 285 university students in Ankara, Turkey. Results indicated that there were differences in the value orientations of optimists and pessimists. The examination of value structures of optimists and pessimists revealed that optimists were likely to give priority to self-expansion, while pessimists tended toward self-restriction. PMID:9583673

Cileli, M; Tezer, E

1998-01-01

338

Non-use of contraception: determinants among Ugandan university students  

PubMed Central

Background In Uganda, adolescent pregnancy often results in adverse maternal and neonatal health outcomes. In this context, low use of contraception and high rates of maternal mortality rate make preventing unwanted pregnancies critical. Objective The objective was to determine the relationship between non-use of contraception and socio-demographic factors, alcohol consumption, and types of partner(s) among Ugandan university students. Design In 2010, 1,954 students at Mbarara University of Science and Technology in southwestern Uganda participated in a cross-sectional study whereby a self-administered questionnaire was used to assess socio-demographic factors, alcohol consumption, and sexual behaviour including the use of contraceptives. Multivariable logistic regression was used for the analysis and data were stratified by sex. Results 1,179 students (60.3% of the study population) reported that they were sexually active. Of these, 199 (18.6%) did not use contraception in their last sexual encounter. Students currently not in a relationship had higher odds of non-use of contraception (odds ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.2–2.7). The association remained statistically significant for both males and females after controlling for age, sexual debut, area of growing up, and educational level of the household head. Socio-demographic determinants of age (22 or younger), early sexual debut (at age 16 years or earlier), and a rural background were significant for males but not for females. A synergistic effect between not currently being in a relationship and early sexual debut were also observed to have an effect on the non-use of contraception. Conclusion Non-use of contraception among Ugandan university students differs for males and females, possibly due to gendered power relations. Sexual and reproductive health policies and programmes should be designed to take these differences into account.

Mehra, Devika; Agardh, Anette; Petterson, Karen Odberg; Ostergren, Per-Olof

2012-01-01

339

Person-Environment Fit and its Effects on University Students: A Response Surface Methodology Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of time, effort, and money expended in pursuit of a college degree makes it important that students choose a university\\u000a that is a good fit for them. Unfortunately students often determine whether a university is a fit for them through trial and\\u000a error. This research investigated student-university fit and its relationship with satisfaction and well-being. We assessed\\u000a student-university

Brad Gilbreath; Tae-Yeol Kim; Brooke Nichols

2011-01-01

340

Healthy Lifestyles of University Students in China and Influential Factors  

PubMed Central

This study was conducted to analyze to what extent university students exhibit healthy lifestyles and which sociodemographic variables influence healthy lifestyles. 4809 university students randomly selected were measured by use of the Healthy Lifestyle Scale for University Students questionnaire. When controlling for the other variables, the total healthy lifestyles score was predicted by gender, grade, father's level of education, and type of institution; exercise behaviour was partially predicted by gender, grade, type of institution, and family monthly income; regular behaviour was modulated by gender, grade, type of institution, family monthly income, and father's educational level; nutrition behaviour was partially affected by type of institution, family monthly income, and father's educational level; health risk behaviour was modulated by gender, mother's level of education, and family monthly income; health responsibility was modulated by gender, grade, type of institution, and father's educational level; social support was modulated by gender, grade, and father's educational level; stress management was modulated by gender, grade, type of institution, and mother's education level; life appreciation was modulated by grade, type of institution, and mother's educational level. These influences should be taken into account in designing interventions for specific socio-demographic profiles that might be at higher risk for certain behaviours.

Xing, Xiao-Hui; Wu, Xian-Bo

2013-01-01

341

Tea-drinking habit among new university students: associated factors.  

PubMed

The habit of drinking tea is highly prevalent in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of tea drinking and to explore the correlated factors on tea drinking among young new students in the university, using a validated self-reported questionnaire. This study was carried out with 5936 new students in a university in Taiwan. It comprised a self-administered structured questionnaire, including items related to personal and medical history, and lifestyle habits, using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the 12-item Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ-12). Anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests were also performed. In total, 2065 (36.1%) students were in the tea-drinking group. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed the following factors were significant predictors of tea drinking: postgraduate students (p < 0.001), coffee drinking (p < 0.001), alcohol drinking (p < 0.001), minor mental morbidity (p = 0.009), poorer sleepers (p = 0.037), higher body mass index (p = 0.004), and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (p < 0.001). Our data showed that the tea-drinking habit was correlated with higher body mass index, which was contrary to the findings of a previous study. In clinical practice, perhaps we could consider more tea-drinking-related factors when we suggest tea consumption. PMID:24444540

Tseng, Hsiu Chen; Wang, Chi-Jane; Cheng, Shu Hui; Sun, Zih-Jie; Chen, Po See; Lee, Chih-Ting; Lin, Shih-Hsien; Yang, Yen Kuang; Yang, Yi-Ching

2014-02-01

342

Students' Perceptions of Contraceptives in University of Ghana  

PubMed Central

Objective This study sought to explore University of Ghana Business School diploma student's knowledge of contraceptives, types of contraceptives, attitudes towards contraceptive users, preference for contraceptives, benefits, and side-effects of contraceptives. Materials and methods Data was conducted with three sets of focus group discussions. Participants were systematically sampled from accounting and public administration departments. Results Findings showed that students had little knowledge of contraceptives. The male and female condoms were the main contraceptive types reported out of the many modern and traditional methods of contraceptives. The main benefits of contraceptives were; ability to protect against STIs, abortions, unwanted pregnancy and psychological trauma. Whilst most respondents preferred future use of pills, side-effects of contraceptives were mostly reported for condoms than other contraceptive methods. Results showed that participants had bad attitudes towards unmarried contraceptive users. Conclusion Generally, our findings show that detailed knowledge about contraceptives is low. There is a little gap of information on contraception knowledge, timing, and contraceptive types among university diploma students. Reproductive and maternal services should be available and accessible for tertiary students.

Kayi, Esinam Afi

2013-01-01

343

University students' attitudes towards Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy.  

PubMed

An evaluation of the future professional trends was performed by analyzing the attitudes of university students to the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy (VIP). An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 300 students (Medicine, Nursing and Law) of the University of Santiago de Compostela, with questions on their personal beliefs, opinion on the law and intention to participate in VIP. Of the 245 respondents (response rate 82%), 66.5% were pro-abortion and their attitudes towards VIP were consistent with their opinion on the beginning of life and with the ethical arguments related to the fetus and the mother. No differences were found with age, sex or degree. The students showed to be well informed on the VIP law, and the majority of them considered unsuitable termination of pregnancy in minors without parental consent. Students' intentions to take part in abortion provision were influenced by their views on abortion, level of participation and circumstances of pregnancy. Although the majority of participants would be willing to perform VIP in situations that affect fetus and mother's life or health (87-66%), their intentions clearly diminished in other situations, such as abortion on demand (17%). These data suggest that conscientious objection of health professionals can even increase with the new policy, a fact that might affect VIP availability. It is important to stress the need of ethical training to help in the solution of conflicts between patient and health professional values. PMID:22498236

Rodríguez-Calvo, María Sol; Martínez-Silva, Isabel María; Soto, José Luis; Concheiro, Luis; Muñoz-Barús, José Ignacio

2012-07-01

344

Do Rural Students Really Perform Worse than Urban Students Do? Empirical Evidence from a University Entrance Program in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a major expansion in the number of students in higher education, students from rural areas continue to be underrepresented at selective universities. To reduce the urban-rural imbalance of entry to selective universities, institutions in many countries of the world have implemented admission policies favoring rural students. Previous…

Liao, Pei-An; Chang, Hung-Hao; Wang, Jiun-Hao; Horng, Tai-Hsiung

2013-01-01

345

Person-Environment Fit and Its Effects on University Students: A Response Surface Methodology Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The amount of time, effort, and money expended in pursuit of a college degree makes it important that students choose a university that is a good fit for them. Unfortunately students often determine whether a university is a fit for them through trial and error. This research investigated student-university fit and its relationship with…

Gilbreath, Brad; Kim, Tae-Yeol; Nichols, Brooke

2011-01-01

346

Follow-up evaluation of a transition to university intervention program for first-year students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the transition to university can be a time of great opportunity and personal growth, many students find this period to be very challenging and stressful. Universities across North America report that up to 40% of entering students fail to complete their degree. Many universities attempt to enhance their rates of retention through programs that familiarize students with campus and

Evelina Julia Rog

2002-01-01

347

Gender Differences in Perceived Role Conflict among University Student-Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions of role conflict of university student-athletes were explored, with a focus on differences in perceptions of role conflict between female and male student-athletes. Data were collected from 169 university student-athletes attending a southeastern university using a group administered questionnaire. Analysis of a ten item role conflict…

Lance, Larry M.

2004-01-01

348

The Psychological Impact from Hurricane Katrina: Effects of Displacement and Trauma Exposure on University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following study examined the reactions of university students to Hurricane Katrina. A group of 68 New Orleans area students who were displaced from their home universities as a result of the hurricane were matched on race, gender, and age to a sample of 68 students who had been enrolled at Louisiana State University (LSU) prior to the…

Davis, Thompson E., III; Grills-Taquechel, Amie E.; Ollendick, Thomas H.

2010-01-01

349

A Multilingual Mobile University Information Portal Designed to Cater for Visiting Overseas Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Student dropout rates have been a source of contention throughout many Universities worldwide. Universities recognize this fact and many have acted to improve their induction process for students joining the University in the first year. However, student dropout rates continue to be higher than acceptable and it is in this context that…

Curran, Kevin; Huang, Winston

2008-01-01

350

Enhancement of Quality in Chemical Inquiry by Pre-University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our pre-university chemistry students face problems achieving sufficient quality in chemical inquiry. To try to enhance the quality of student performance in chemical inquiry, Dutch pre-university chemistry students (age 17) carried out an authentic research project on "Diffusion of ions in distilled water." The learning materials for this student

Van Rens, Lisette; Pilot, Albert; Van Dijk, Hans

2004-01-01

351

Yoga therapy for promoting emotional sensitivity in University students  

PubMed Central

Background: Students need emotional intelligence (EI) for their better academic excellence. There are three important psychological dimensions of EI: Emotional sensitivity (ES), emotional maturity (EM) and emotional competency (EC), which motivate students to recognize truthfully, interpret honestly and handle tactfully the dynamics of their behavioral pattern. Objective: The study was designed to assess ES in the students undergoing yoga therapy program in the form of yoga instructor's course (YIC) module. Materials and Methods: One hundred and eighty four YIC students with 25.77 ± 4.85 years of mean age participated in this study of 21 days duration (a single group pre-post design). The ES data was collected before (pre) and after (post) YIC module using Emotional Quotient test developed by Dr Dalip Singh and Dr N K Chadha. Statistical Analysis: Means, standard deviations, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used for analyzing the data with the help of SPSS 16. Results: The data analysis showed 3.63% significant increase (P < 0.01) in ES. Conclusion: The present study suggests that YIC module can result in improvement of ES among university students, thus paving the way for their academic success. Additional well-designed studies are needed before a strong recommendation can be made.

Ganpat, Tikhe Sham; Dash, Sasmita; Ramarao, Nagendra Hongasandra

2014-01-01

352

Voices of Conflict: Students' and Lecturers' Perceptions of the Utility of the Bridging Program at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tertiary institutions in Zimbabwe face the daunting challenge of increased need for university education by students. In response to the challenge, universities in Zimbabwe embark on strategies that increase accessibility to university education by disadvantaged students. One way through which the Zimbabwean universities are addressing the…

Efiritha, Chauraya; Nogget, Matope; Nyevero, Maruzani

2012-01-01

353

Investigation and Analysis of Voluntary Service in Western China by Agricultural University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the survey on voluntary service in western China by students from Nanjing Agricultural University and Agricultural University of Jiangxi, this paper analyzes agricultural university students' participation in and understanding of the Western China Program as well as the major problems various universities confronted while implementing the…

Liang, Liu; Congying, Li

2008-01-01

354

University Students' Conceptions of an Excellent Physical Education Teacher in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how university students perceive an excellent physical education (PE) teacher at the university level. A sample of 2000 university students at four universities in China responded to a 53-item questionnaire. A 6-factor, 28-item model of an excellent teacher in PE was subsequently generated with a statistical good fit, using…

Song, Lihua; Chen, Junjun

2013-01-01

355

Comparison of university students' understanding of graphs in different contexts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates university students’ understanding of graphs in three different domains: mathematics, physics (kinematics), and contexts other than physics. Eight sets of parallel mathematics, physics, and other context questions about graphs were developed. A test consisting of these eight sets of questions (24 questions in all) was administered to 385 first year students at University of Zagreb who were either prospective physics or mathematics teachers or prospective physicists or mathematicians. Rasch analysis of data was conducted and linear measures for item difficulties were obtained. Average difficulties of items in three domains (mathematics, physics, and other contexts) and over two concepts (graph slope, area under the graph) were computed and compared. Analysis suggests that the variation of average difficulty among the three domains is much smaller for the concept of graph slope than for the concept of area under the graph. Most of the slope items are very close in difficulty, suggesting that students who have developed sufficient understanding of graph slope in mathematics are generally able to transfer it almost equally successfully to other contexts. A large difference was found between the difficulty of the concept of area under the graph in physics and other contexts on one side and mathematics on the other side. Comparison of average difficulty of the three domains suggests that mathematics without context is the easiest domain for students. Adding either physics or other context to mathematical items generally seems to increase item difficulty. No significant difference was found between the average item difficulty in physics and contexts other than physics, suggesting that physics (kinematics) remains a difficult context for most students despite the received instruction on kinematics in high school.

Planinic, Maja; Ivanjek, Lana; Susac, Ana; Milin-Sipus, Zeljka

2013-12-01

356

Student Participation in University Governance: The Role Conceptions and Sense of Efficacy of Student Representatives on Departmental Committees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role and contribution of students to the governance of university departments is a relatively neglected area of inquiry. This study investigated the factors which student representatives perceived to help or hinder their effectiveness as student members of departmental committees. Twenty students from a range of disciplines were interviewed…

Lizzio, Alf; Wilson, Keithia

2009-01-01

357

University Student Perceptions of the Relationship between University Education and the Labour Market in Egypt and Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do university students perceive the key relationship between their university education and the labour market? This article describes the perceptions that 827 Egyptian and Omani seniors--both males and females, studying commerce, education, and engineering--hold about that relationship. For these students, a major motivation for attending…

Al-Harthi, Hamood K.

2011-01-01

358

Stellar evolution for students of the Moscow University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theory of stellar interior is a very stimulating tool of the physical and astrophysical curricula. To support the corresponding lecture courses, a practical work was proposed and elaborated upon in 1991 for advanced students of the physics department who specialized in astrophysics at Moscow State University. The work is recommended for 5th year students and requires significant knowledge of theoretical astrophysics. The main purpose of the work is to calculate the evolutionary set of stellar models, including those for the Sun. The PC program is based on the B. Paczynski set of routines and supported by the WEB interface. This allows working via Internet. The results of the work may be presented both in a table and graph forms.

Kononovich, E. V.; Mironova, I. V.

2006-08-01

359

No Room for Adults? A Study of Mature Students in University College Dublin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A stratified sample of 554 mature students at University College Dublin (UCD) in Ireland was studied. The sample included 200 unsuccessful applicants, 98 full-time mature students, 95 mature graduates, 100 modular bachelor of arts students, and 61 students who withdrew from UCD. A 50% response rate was achieved. The typical mature student was…

Inglis, Tom; Murphy, Mark

360

Dysmenorrhoea among Hong Kong university students: prevalence, impact, and management.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the prevalence of dysmenorrhoea, its impact, and management approaches in Hong Kong university students, and to compare between medical and non-medical students for any potential differences in coping strategies. DESIGN. Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. SETTING. The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. A total of 240 undergraduate (128 medical and 112 non-medical) students. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Data on the presence and severity of dysmenorrhoea, its impact on daily life, management approaches, specific strategies, and their self-perceived effectiveness were obtained and analysed. RESULTS. In these subjects, the prevalence of dysmenorrhoea was 80% (95% confidence interval, 75-85%) with a mean (standard deviation) pain score of 5.0 (1.7). The most common impacts on daily life included reduced ability to concentrate and/or disturbance with study (75%) and changes in normal physical activity (60%). Only 6% sought medical advice, while 70% practised self-management. Pain scores and pain affecting normal physical activities were important predictive factors for self-management and for management based on pharmacological or non-pharmacological means. The commonest specific strategies used were a warm beverage (62%), paracetamol (57%), and sleeping (45%), while the most effective strategies were non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (100%), traditional Chinese medicine (93%), and dietary/nutritional supplements (92%). Regarding the comparison of medical and non-medical students, the former used fewer pharmacological strategies among the various management approaches investigated. CONCLUSION. With data showing dysmenorrhoea as a very common condition having a significant impact in the Hong Kong community, primary care doctors should reassure young women with dysmenorrhoea that it is a common experience in the same age-group. Health education on the existence of effective treatment from medical practitioners could help women whose dysmenorrhoea was not controlled by self-management. PMID:23568937

Chia, C F; Lai, Joyce H Y; Cheung, P K; Kwong, L T; Lau, Fiona P M; Leung, K H; Leung, M T; Wong, Francis C H; Ngu, S F

2013-06-01

361

Wellness and Self-esteem Among Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four\\u000a of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms\\u000a of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and a short-form\\u000a of the Wellness Inventory (WI-30). The results of ANOVA showed

Nagihan Oguz-Duran; Esin Tezer

2009-01-01

362

Alcohol-related harm among university students in Hanoi, Vietnam  

PubMed Central

Introduction and Aim This study examines the prevalence of and risk factors for alcohol-related harm and types of harm among medical students from Hanoi Medical University (Vietnam). Risk factors include aspects of drinking patterns and relevant socio-demographic variables. Study Design and Methods A cross-sectional study involving 1st to 6th year students (N=1216; response rate 96.5%). Of these, 210 students from each academic year were randomly selected from a sampling frame covering all students from each academic year. Data were collected using a questionnaire distributed in class by researchers. Drinkers completed 23 questions on alcohol-related harm categorized into: 1) ‘negative influence on daily activities’; 2) ‘social conflict’; 3) ‘loss of control, acute consequences, and withdrawal’; 4) ‘mental health conditions’; and 5) ‘physical and medical health problems’. Logistic and Poisson regression models were used to identify the predictors of alcohol-related harm and the amount of harm, respectively. Results The prevalence of alcohol use associated with at least one or more of the five types of harm was higher in men (81.8%) than in women (60.4%). In female and male students, the most common harm category was ‘loss of control, acute consequences, and withdrawal’ (51.8 and 75.6%, respectively), followed by ‘negative influence on daily activities’ (29.4 and 55.8%, respectively). Age, living away from home, and average number of standard drinks per occasion among male drinkers, and age and frequency of drinking per week among female drinkers were associated with alcohol-related harm. Conclusions These data suggest that alcohol-related harm represents a serious public health problem among young educated individuals in Vietnam. The risk factors indicate that prevention should be aimed at aspects of drinking patterns and specific subpopulations defined by gender, age, and (for men only) type of living situation.

Diep, Pham Bich; Knibbe, Ronald A.; Giang, Kim Bao; De Vries, Nanne

2013-01-01

363

Environmental Education from a Kindergarten to a University student, Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Importance of the environmental and disaster prevention education on the basis of science is increasing since the disaster by the Tohoku-Earthquake and Tsunami at the 11th March 2011, in Japan. Effective enforcement of the environmental education from a kindergarten to a University student is very important educational tool for protecting future earth's environment. This research reports the present situation and the practice example of environmental education of Japan. Particularly, I report practice of the environmental education in a class of Shimane University. In addition, I explain the actual situation of the environmental education for student from kindergarten to junior high school in Shimane Prefecture. I point out that 'Consciousness (In)', 'knowledge (About)', and 'action (For)' are important three factors based on my practice of the environmental education (e.g. UNESCO-Finland, 1974). That is 'consciousness (In)' means education in (or through) the environment. 'knowledge (About)' means education about environment. 'Action (FOR)' means education for environment. According to the present condition of the environmental education of a Japan, I arranged and redefined such three factors. That is three factors consist of two axis that are 'me' and 'others'. And National exists between them. condition of the environmental education of a Japan, I arranged and redefined such three factors. That is three factors consist of two axis that are 'me' and 'others'. And National exists between them.

Matsumoto, I.

2013-12-01

364

The Academic Achievement of Students in a New Zealand University: Does It Pay to Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing concern about the detrimental effect of term-time employment on university students' academic success. We report results from an online survey of 1837 students of the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, whose responses were later matched to their academic records for a semester. The majority of employed students reported…

Richardson, Jessica J.; Kemp, Simon; Malinen, Sanna; Haultain, Steve A.

2013-01-01

365

Were Knowledge Management Abilities of University Students Enhanced after Creating Personal Blog-Based Portfolios?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of creating blog-based portfolios on knowledge management (KM) abilities among university students was examined in the present study. Participants included 43 students majoring in Multimedia and Game Science at a University in Taiwan. Students spent nine weeks creating their personal portfolios by using a blog. The "t"-test…

Chang, Chi-Cheng; Liang, Chaoyun; Tseng, Kuo-Hung; Tseng, Ju-Shih; Chen, To-Yu

2013-01-01

366

Effects of a Peer Health Facilitator HIV/AIDS Intervention with University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have become a serious health threat to university students. This study evaluated a peer-led intervention program with university students to increase knowledge and attitudes of HIV/AIDS infection and transmission. Subjects were students (n=41) from an undergraduate…

Miller, Julie A.; Gilman, David A.

367

An Empirical Description of Student Subcultures at the University of Maryland. Research Report #4-70.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine if Clark and Trow's (1966) typology of student subcultures could be empirically applied to a description of University of Maryland students. Twelve Counseling Center research staff members faked answers to the 1969 University Student Census (USC), an activities and attitude inventory administered to all…

Fiore, Neil A.; Sedlacek, William E.

368

Patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Reported among Students in a Federal University in Midwestern Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study analysed the patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among students in a Nigerian University. It is a retrospective study of 38,933 students who attended the University Health Centre from 2001 to 2005. The results showed that 1.8% of all the students who attended the clinic had STIs. The study also revealed that 85.26% of the…

Omobude-Idiado, S. N.; Bazuaye, G. N.

2009-01-01

369

Cultural Factors Influencing Eastern and Western Engineering Students' Choice of University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Insight into factors that affect students' choice of university is useful when designing study programmes, especially in global competition for students. This study focuses on Taiwanese and Norwegian students' preferences for university, study programme, course qualities and future career qualities. Hofstede's model was used to predict…

Jian, Hua-Li; Sandnes, Frode Eika; Huang, Yo-Ping; Huang, Yueh-Min

2010-01-01

370

The Lived Experience of Students with an Invisible Disability at a Canadian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University institutions are required by law to make their services accessible to students with disabilities. Canadian universities have gone a long way to eliminate the physical obstacles that present barriers for students. Many students with disabilities have invisible disabilities that require different types of adjustments. Although some…

Mullins, Laura; Preyde, Michele

2013-01-01

371

Dissonance between Conceptions of Learning and Ways of Learning for Indigenous Australian University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated how Indigenous Australian university students' went about learning and the relationship between individual students'"core" conceptions of learning and the ways in which they learned. Results indicated that their conceptions and ways of learning were similar in some respects to those found for other university students. However, some…

Boulton-Lewis, Gillian M.; Wilss, Lynn; Lewis, David

2003-01-01

372

Investigation of Students' Preconceptions and Difficulties with the Vector Direction Concept at a Mexican University  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate common preconceptions that Mexican university students have with the concept of direction of a vector. Students entering a large private Mexican university were tested before receiving instruction related to vectors in an introductory physics class. In the first part we present students' difficulties with the direction concept of a vector due to the use of

Pablo Barniol; Genaro Zavala

2009-01-01

373

Creating a Culture of Assessment within West Virginia University's Student Affairs Division  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Autumn 2004, the Student Affairs Division of West Virginia University (WVU) began an intentional process of integrating assessment across units within the division. The vice president for student affairs initiated this direction in order to encourage the university's student affairs professionals to embrace their roles as educators who care…

Aloi, Susan L.; Green, Adam S.; Jones, Elizabeth A.

2007-01-01

374

The Monsoon Wedding Phenomenon: Understanding Indian Students Studying in Australian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How does the University sector identify and support the diverse needs of Indian students? This paper reports on a research project carried out on undergraduate students from India enrolled at a Melbourne-based University. The focus is the need to understand why Indian students choose an overseas destination for tertiary study. The intent is to…

Johnson, Richard; Kumar, Margaret

2010-01-01

375

Performance on Raven's Matrices by African and White University Students in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Untimed Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) were administered to 309 17- to 23-year-old students at the University of the Witwatersrand and the Rand Afrikaans University in Johannesburg, South Africa (173 Africans, 136 Whites; 205 women, 104 men). African students solved an average of 44 of the 60 problems whereas White students solved an average of 54 of the problems (p<.001).

J. Philippe Rushton; Mervyn Skuy

2000-01-01

376

AN INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS WHO HAVE PARENTS WITH ALCOHOL PROBLEMS: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To study the effects of alcohol and coping intervention among University students who have parents with alcohol problems. Methods: A total of 82 university students (56 women and 22 men, average age 25) with at least one parent with alcohol problems were included. The students were randomly assigned to one of three programs: (i) alcohol intervention program, (ii) coping

H. HANSSON; J. RUNDBERG; U. ZETTERLIND; K. O. JOHNSSON; M. BERGLUND

2006-01-01

377

The effects of reality therapy and choice theory training on self concept among Taiwanese university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changing cultural expectations and constant academic pressures may have negative effects on the self concept of todays Taiwanese university students. The teaching of choice theory and the use of reality therapy as interventions were considered to assist these students in developing and maintaining a positive self concept. Taiwanese university students (n = 217) were subjected to either choice theory teaching

Arlin V. Peterson; Chuanlin Chang; Perry L. Collins

1998-01-01

378

Recurrent pain among university students: Contributions of self-efficacy and perfectionism to the pain experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although recurrent pain is a relatively frequent experience among university students, it is not well understood. In this study, we examined the role of self-efficacy and perfectionism, constructs particularly relevant to students, in understanding recurrent pain among 177 university students. Self-efficacy has been established as a significant predictor of disability in chronic pain (Arnstein, Caudill, Mandle, Norris, & Beasley, 1999),

Heather Hadjistavropoulos; Heather Dash; Thomas Hadjistavropoulos; Terri-Lynn Sullivan

2007-01-01

379

Stay, Play Or Give It Away? Students Continuing, Changing or Leaving University Study in First Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study extends previous research on university attrition and course completion by its focus on the reasons for attrition and tracking the subsequent enrolment and other outcomes of students who discontinue their university studies. It also looks at older students as well as students from younger groups. It finds that attrition from first year…

Long, Michael; Ferrier, Fran; Heagney, Margaret

2006-01-01

380

Development an Instrument to Measure University Students' Attitude towards E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of student's attitude towards e-learning can in many ways help managers better prepare in light of e-learning for the future. This article describes the process of the development of an instrument to measure university students' attitude towards e-learning. The scale was administered to 200 University students from two countries (India…

Mehra, Vandana; Omidian, Faranak

2012-01-01

381

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Revised University Student Hassles Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the scores on the Revised University Student Hassles Scale that was developed to identify everyday irritants experienced by a diverse body of university students. Factor analyses of data obtained from 965 graduate and undergraduate students yielded a well-differentiated 11-factor solution of…

Pett, Marjorie A.; Johnson, Mary M.

2005-01-01

382

Magical thinking and paranormal beliefs among secondary and university students in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate relationships between magical thinking and paranormal beliefs in an African population, and to test whether similar relationships are found as those previously reported in previous studies with American students. The sample included 504 black African students: 260 Grade 11 and 244 first year social science university students. Results indicate that generally university

Karl Peltzer

2003-01-01

383

Task Force Recommendations on Student Representation in the University Senate and Campus Assemblies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Student Representation of the University of Minnesota recommended that 75 student representatives be added as voting members of the University Senate, and that the 62 student senators from the Twin Cities campus also serve as voting members of the Twin Cities Assembly. The memorandum sets forth reasons why these constitutional…

Auerbach, Carl A.

384

University Student Death Response Plans Using a Structural Management Approach Provide Effective Coordinated Institutional Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student death is an inevitable event in the long life of university communities. Although student death is uncommon, universities need to be able respond in a timely and appropriate way to bring the relationship with a deceased student to a dignified close. This article presents a review of factors previously identified in higher education and…

Cusick, Anne

2008-01-01

385

Role of Peers in Student Academic Achievement in Exogenously Formed University Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We estimate the influence of classmates' ability characteristics on student achievement in exogenously formed university student groups. The study uses administrative data on undergraduate students at a large selective university in Russia. The presence of high-ability classmates has a significant positive effect on individual grades in key…

Androushchak, Gregory; Poldin, Oleg; Yudkevich, Maria

2013-01-01

386

Fair Access, Achievement and Geography: Explaining the Association between Social Class and Students' Choice of University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study is concerned with what determines prospective university students' first choice between universities of different status. The results suggest that examination performance, going to an independent school and fear of debt independently affect students' decisions. Social factors and students' perceived level of information on…

Mangan, Jean; Hughes, Amanda; Davies, Peter; Slack, Kim

2010-01-01

387

PARTICLE at University of Rochester: Secondary School Teacher and Student Cosmic Ray Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PARTICLE is a collaboration of Rochester-area secondary school science teachers and particle physicists at the University of Rochester to support student-driven cosmic ray research in the classroom. At the University of Rochester during the summer, teachers construct cosmic ray telescopes and complete prototype lab activities for students. During the school year, students, teachers and physicists collaborate on experiments. Students then have the opportunity to present their research results at an annual ``PARTICLE Day'' conference in late spring. We present sample student research and discuss classroom outcomes and impact on participating University graduate and undergraduate students.

McFarland, Kevin

2004-05-01

388

Creating College Advising Connections: Comparing Motivational Beliefs of Early College High School Students to Traditional First-Year University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early college high schools (ECHSs) are partnerships between high schools and colleges or universities designed to enhance college readiness and completion, particularly among students traditionally underrepresented in higher education. We compared the self-reported motivational profiles of ECHS students to traditional first-year university

Oliver, Marvarene; Ricard, Richard J.; Witt, Karl J.; Alvarado, Melissa; Hill, Patricia

2010-01-01

389

University of Connecticut Student Yearbook, 1915-1990  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1915, the students at the Connecticut Agricultural College produced the first official student annual to commemorate the activities of the class of 1915. This annual has been produced continuously since that time, documenting "the growth, development, expansion and history of the University of Connecticut." Visitors to this site can browse through the various iterations of the Yearbook from 1915 to 1990. While visitors can't search the full-text versions of the yearbooks, they can look through each volume in its entirety. Those who are just arriving at the site may wish to look at the volume from 1959. This particular volume is notable for its cover art and for its coverage of student life, campus buildings, and athletics. It's worth noting that print copies and reproductions of images from these volumes are available from the Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center. Overall, these yearbooks offer a rather interesting portrait of one aspect of life in the Nutmeg State in the 20th century.

390

Iodine in Finnish foods.  

PubMed

The iodine content of Finnish foods was analysed and the average daily intake of iodine estimated according to national food consumption statistics. The average calculated intake was 340 micrograms/d/person, although an extensive seasonal variation was found in the estimate for the summer season (280 micrograms) and for the winter season (400 micrograms). The intake is from 4 to 5 times greater now than it was in the mid 1950's, when endemic goitre was common in Finland. The most significant sources of iodine in the average Finnish diet are dairy products, which also cause the seasonal variation in intake. Iodized table salt and eggs are other important sources. The present level of intake can be considered adequate and the further intensification of prohylactic practices with iodine unnecessary. PMID:7085204

Varo, P; Saari, E; Paaso, A; Koivistoinen, P

1982-01-01

391

Self-Regulation, Goal Orientation, and Academic Achievement of Secondary Students in Online University Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the self-regulation, goal orientation, and academic achievement of 40 secondary students who completed online university courses in the sciences. Students were enrolled in one of three online university science courses. Each course was taught by a two-person team, made up of one university science professor and one…

Matuga, Julia M.

2009-01-01

392

Occupational Aspirations of University Students of Agriculture in Edo State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the occupational aspirations of university students of agriculture in Edo State, with particular reference to agriculture-related careers. Factors affecting the university students’ willingness to pursue an agricultural career were also determined. Data from 247 respondents randomly sampled from three universities were subjected to frequency distribution and logistic regression analysis. Results revealed that 70.9% of the respondents were

M. I. Ilenloh; E. A. Onemolease; A. P. Erie

2012-01-01

393

Validation of the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (AEQ-A) for Peruvian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes the adaptation of the Adolescent version of the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (AEQ-A) for university students in Peru. 672 male and female university students enrolled in the first years at a private university in Peru completed the AEQ-A translated into Spanish. All 90 items were scored on 5-point rating scales. A principal…

Perez-Aranibar, Cecilia Chau; Van den Broucke, Stephan; Fontaine, Johnny

2005-01-01

394

Portuguese Public University Student Satisfaction: A Stakeholder Theory-Based Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In accordance with the importance of the student stakeholder to universities, the objective of this research project was to evaluate student satisfaction at Portuguese public universities as regards their self-expressed core expectations. The research was based both on stakeholder theory itself and on previous studies of university stakeholders.…

Mainardes, Emerson; Alves, Helena; Raposo, Mario

2013-01-01

395

Defining Appropriate Professional Behavior for Faculty and University Students on Social Networking Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of university students have profiles on social networking sites (e.g., Myspace, Facebook) (Salaway et al. 2008). However, it is yet to be determined what role this rapidly evolving method of communication will play in an academic setting. Data for the current study was collected from 459 university students and 159 university

Malesky, L. Alvin; Peters, Chris

2012-01-01

396

Re-Becoming ESL: Multilingual University Students and a Deficit Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I analyze how a group of multilingual students at a university in British Columbia, Canada, go through the process of "re-becoming ESL" during their first year of university. I highlight a central contradiction. Despite bringing a diverse and rich range of languages and cultures to the university, multilingual students are…

Marshall, Steve

2010-01-01

397

Faculty and Student Perceptions of Outstanding University Teachers in the USA and Russia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of research that relates teacher characteristics to student learning in the university has come from Western universities. Using various methodologies, research continues to examine the characteristics of outstanding university teachers. Much of that research in the USA assesses faculty and student perspectives. However, there are…

Lammers, William John; Savina, Elena; Skotko, David; Churlyaeva, Maria

2010-01-01

398

[Food habits and oral hygiene of students. Investigation of 150 students in university housing].  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to describe the food intake and the oral hygiene habits of 150 Senegalese students living in a university campus. According to Miller, we realised a four days survey. We noted an increase of sugar drinks; tea is the most consumed drink. The results showed also that the toothbrush as means of oral hygiene supplanted the traditional means such as "cure dents" or water rinse with finger. PMID:11484651

Cisse, D; Kane, A W; Faye, B; Toure, B; Sarr, M; Diop, M; Diallo, B

2001-03-01

399

Comorbidity of anxiety-depression among Australian university students: implications for student counsellors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incidence, factor structure and scale item differences in anxiety-depression comorbidity were investigated in a sample of Australian university students defined according to the presence of anxiety and\\/or depression. The incidence of anxiety-depression comorbidity was over 32%, about four times that for anxiety or depression alone. Participants with comorbidity had significantly higher Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale

Vicki Bitsika; Christopher F. Sharpley

2012-01-01

400

A University Service-Learning Assignment: Delivering the FAIR Curriculum to K-12 Students to Promote Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of universities are engaged in service-learning activities that create opportunities for K-12 students to interact with university students. Engaging students in their communities and working toward social justice in a variety of settings provides positive outcomes for communities, university students and the K-12 students involved.…

Zimmerman, Toni S.; Krafchick, Jennifer L.; Aberle, Jennifer T.

2009-01-01

401

Work In progress - Western Michigan University’s effort to increase retention of first -time, first-year engineering and applied sciences students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the activities, assessment results, and improvements to increase the retention of first- time first-year students in Western Michigan University's College of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Retention strategies consist of student learning community to build connection among students and between students and the college, and faculty learning community to improve mentoring of students and student success. The student

Edmund Tsang; Cynthia Halderson; Kathleen Kallen

2007-01-01

402

Candidates of Written Language Disabilities among Undergraduate Students at the University of Jordan as Perceived by Students and Their Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to explore writing problems among undergraduate students at the university level, based on students self reporting technique and the verification from their teachers' ratings. Twenty-eight students were considered good candidates for this research using two criteria of self reporting and high means of responses. Twenty-five…

Alkhamra, Hatem A.; AlNatour, Mayada M.; Abu Dahab, Sana M. N.; AlAbdallat, Bassam M.

2012-01-01

403

The Relationship between Self Concept and Response towards Student's Academic Achievement among Students Leaders in University Putra Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a quantitative research using correlational method. The purpose of this research is to study the relationship between self concept and ability to handle stress on academic achievement of student leaders in University Putra Malaysia. The sample size consists of 106 respondents who are the Student Supreme Council and Student Representative…

Ahmad, Jamaludin; Ghazali, Mazila; Hassan, Aminuddin

2011-01-01

404

Understanding Student Learning in Context: Relationships between University Students' Social Identity, Approaches to Learning, and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research focuses on understanding how socio-psychological dimensions such as student social identity and student perceptions of their learning community affect learning at university. To do this, it integrates ideas from phenomenographic research into student learning with ideas from research on social identity. In two studies (N = 110, and N…

Bliuc, Ana-Maria; Ellis, Robert A.; Goodyear, Peter; Hendres, Daniela Muntele

2011-01-01

405

An Evaluative Study of the Academic Achievement of Homeschooled Students versus Traditionally Schooled Students Attending a Catholic University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study was designed to provide a formal evaluation of the academic achievement of homeschooled students compared to traditionally schooled students attending a Catholic university located in South Florida. In addition, this study offers empirical data for all those interested in the academic success of homeschooled students in higher…

Snyder, Marc

2013-01-01

406

Effects of Students' Pre- and Post-Laboratory Concept Maps on Students' Attitudes toward Chemistry Laboratory in University General Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of scientific discussions based on student-constructed pre- and post-laboratory concept maps on students' attitudes toward chemistry laboratory in the university general chemistry. As part of instruction, during the first four laboratory sessions, students were taught how to construct and…

Kilic, Ziya; Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Dogan, Alev

2004-01-01

407

Study on the opinion of university students about the themes of the origin of Universe and evolution of life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports the results of a questionnaire administered to university students, about several questions involving the origin of the Universe and life and biological evolution, as well as questions related to more common scientific themes. As few as between 2.4% (philosophy students) and 14% (geography students) did not accept the theory of evolution, because they believed in creation as described in the Bible. However, between 41.5% (philosophy students) and 71.3% (biology students) did not see any conflict between religion and evolution. About 80% of the students believed that the relationship between lung cancer and smoking is well established by science, but this number falls to 65% for biological evolution and 28.9% for the big bang theory. It should be pointed out that for 24.5% and 7.4% of the students the big bang theory and biological evolution, respectively, are poorly established by science. The students who self-reported being Christian but not Roman Catholic are more conservative in the acceptance of biological evolution and the old age of Earth and the Universe than are other groups of students. Other factors, such as family income and the level of education of parents, appear to influence the students' acceptance of themes related to the origin of the Universe and biological evolution.

de Souza, Rogério F.; de Carvalho, Marcelo; Matsuo, Tiemi; Zaia, Dimas A. M.

2010-04-01

408

Moral Problems Perceived by Industry in Collaboration with a Student Group: Balancing between Beneficial Objectives and Upholding Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Industry-university partnerships are common in the IT field. This paper reports on moral problems perceived by client representatives collaborating with student groups taking part in a project course in information systems education in a Finnish university. Twenty-two client representatives from IT organizations were interviewed during the course…

Vartiainen, Tero

2009-01-01

409

THE STRUCTURE AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE FINNISH LANGUAGE. URALIC AND ALTAIC SERIES, VOLUME 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS INDIANA UNIVERSITY PUBLICATION IS AN ENGLISH TRANSLATION AND REVISION OF THE FINNISH ORIGINAL "SUOMEN KIELEN RAKENNE JA KEHITYS," (OTAVA, HELSINKI, 1941 AND 1946). CHAPTERS IN PART I TREAT--(1) THE PHONETIC STRUCTURE OF FINNISH, (2) HISTORICAL PHONOLOGY, (3) THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OR PARTS OF SPEECH, AND (4) INFLECTION AND DERIVATION. CHAPTERS…

HAKULINEN, LAURI

410

Traditional versus Non-Traditional University Students: Does Age Determine Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how students over the age of 30--nontraditional students--performed in the university setting compared to traditional students (under age 30). Overall classroom performance was evaluated by teacher-made assessments for the two groups of students, who were enrolled in an undergraduate technical writing course during the…

Christian, Maria E.

411

Images of Science Linked to Labwork: A Survey of Secondary School and University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings of the images of science drawn upon in laboratory work by upper secondary and university students in academic streams with a science focus. Questions required students to comment on laboratory investigations carried out by research scientists or science students. Shows that students' reasoning has an epistemological and an…

Sere, Marie-Genevieve; Fernandez-Gonzalez, Manuel; Gallegos, Jose A.; Gonzalez-Garcia, Francisco; De Manuel, Esteban; Perales, F. Javier; Leach, John

2001-01-01

412

Acquiring Information Technology Skills by Freshmen Students at Kuwait University: The Language Factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of academic courses for freshmen students aiming at improving their information technology skills is crucial due to the large number of students admitted every year. Kuwait University introduced a service course in information technology skills to freshman students in the College of Science to be taught in English, and a similar course to freshmen students in the College

Samir N. Hamade

2007-01-01

413

How Hard Do I Have to Work? Student and Faculty Expectations Regarding University Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined student and faculty expectations regarding college student course work behaviors. Three hundred and eighty-seven students and 52 faculty members from the same university completed surveys designed to measure their perceptions of the amount of student effort required to earn an A, B, C, or D letter grade.…

Lammers, H. Bruce; Kiesler, Tina; Currren, Mary T.; Cours, Deborah; Connett, Brian

2005-01-01

414

A comparison of new university students who do and do not seek counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counseled and noncounseled university freshmen were compared. Students counseled for reading and study skills tended to have less academic ability and lower achievement than other counseled students who were similar to noncounseled students on the basis of ability and achievement. Counseled women had slightly higher ability and more deviate personality inventory scores, counseled and noncounseled students came from similar family

Ralph F. Berdie; June Stein

1966-01-01

415

Characteristics of Students Receiving Counselling Services at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to document the correlates of receiving counseling services at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Results reveal that non-English speakers, humanities students, undergraduates, first-year students, students who were eligible to receive financial assistance, and students from outside Cape Town were significantly…

Flisher, Alan J.; De Beer, Jeremy P.; Bokhorst, Frank

2002-01-01

416

Variables Influencing Credit Card Balances of Students at a Midwestern University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research used a Web-based survey of students at a Midwest regional university to measure the extent of credit card use by first-year students and seniors. The results indicate that the variables influencing credit card use and the carrying of a balance from one month to the next include the number of cards held by the student, the student's…

Mattson, Lucretia; Sahlhoff, Kathleen; Blackstone, Judith; Peden, Blaine; Nahm, Abraham Y.

2004-01-01

417

University Studies as a Side Job: Causes and Consequences of Massive Student Employment in Estonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student employment is increasingly common in many countries. Compared to earlier decades, not only more students work but they also work longer hours. Among European countries Estonia is one of the clear "leaders" in student employment. This study uses survey data from 2,496 students in Estonian public and private universities to examine the…

Beerkens, Maarja; Magi, Eve; Lill, Liis

2011-01-01

418

Four functions for four relationships: consensus definitions of university students.  

PubMed

In this study (N = 192; 124 women, 68 men), consensus definitions of one-night stands, booty-call relationships, friends-with-benefits, and serious romantic relationships were fashioned using a sample of university students. Participants provided a Likert and forced-choice assessment of how each relationship was characterized by the functions of sexual gratification, trial run, placeholder, and socioemotional support. Serious romantic relationships were primarily used to gain socioemotional support. Friends-with-benefits relationships were motivated by seeking a placeholder until someone better came along and as a trial run for a more serious relationship. Booty-call relationships and one-night stands were motivated primarily by a desire for sexual gratification. Men ascribed a greater range of reasons to engage in sexual relationships than women did and the more short-term the relationship was in nature, the greater the emergence of sex differences in ascribed functions. PMID:24217952

Jonason, Peter K

2013-11-01

419

Abortion and contraception: attitudes of South african university students.  

PubMed

Despite the availability of contraception, the rates of abortion among young women in South Africa continue to increase. We designed a study to examine young people's attitudes about abortion and contraception. One hundred and eighty-eight South African university students (97 females and 91 males) completed the survey. While we found moral objections to abortion for the sample as a whole, females showed stronger support for availability of abortion and women's autonomy compared with males. The respondents acknowledged the importance of contraception at a personal and general level, but more than 40% of them believed that women who use contraception are promiscuous. Females expressed difficulty with usage more frequently than males and indicated that they would not consider sexual intercourse if contraception were not available. For health care workers involved in counseling young people about their sexual and reproductive choices, the challenge lies in promoting a culture of equal rights and respect for women's reproductive freedom. PMID:19418325

Patel, Cynthia J; Kooverjee, Trisha

2009-06-01

420

Social support networks, stress, sense of coherence and academic success of university students with learning disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study evaluated the extent to which 191 university students with learning disabilities (LD) differed from 190\\u000a students without disabilities in terms of their perceived social support, stress and sense of coherence. The study also investigated\\u000a students’ perceptions of their academic success at university as compared with their rating of their struggles and failures.\\u000a Findings indicated that students with

Tali Heiman

2006-01-01

421

Attitudes of Lebanese university students towards surgical hymen reconstruction.  

PubMed

Many cultural and religious beliefs place virginity at a high level of social significance, in that women who lose their virginity before marriage may face humiliation, ostracism, divorce, and extreme violence. This led to an increase in the demand for virginity restoration through surgical hymen reconstruction among these cultures. However, data regarding the acceptance of hymenoplasty in societies that consider sexuality a taboo are scarce. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the effects of gender and religion on sexual attitudes towards hymenoplasty, premarital sex, and virginity in a sample of 600 Lebanese university students. Our findings showed that approval of hymenoplasty was low among participants regardless of gender (25.7 % men vs. 19.1 % women) and religious affiliations (22.5 % Muslims vs. 22.3 % Christians). Arguments for rejection were rooted in moral ethics and personal convictions: "form of deceiving and cheating" (80.7 %) and "betrayal of honesty in the relationship" (80.4 %). Reasons for acceptance included: personal belief in "women's rights, autonomy, and freedom" (72.2 %) and "physical harm and death" (63.5 %).Male participants were more likely to approve premarital coital sex than females (61.0 vs. 27.3 %). Muslims were also more likely to reject marrying a non-virgin than Christians (39.9 vs. 18.0 %). Female participants expressed more tolerance towards marrying a non-virgin male partner (78.3 vs. 57.3 %). Low acceptance of hymenoplasty among Lebanese university students was found to be related to moral ethics and personal convictions independently from gender and religious affiliation. Differences in sexual attitudes towards premarital coital sex and virginity, however, were more significantly influenced by culture and religion. PMID:23979785

Awwad, Johnny; Nassar, Anwar; Usta, Ihab; Shaya, Monique; Younes, Zeina; Ghazeeri, Ghina

2013-11-01

422

Written in their own voice: first-year and older students' perceptions on their university's identity.  

PubMed

Undergraduate students (218 women, 57 men) attending a Roman Catholic, suburban university with a Franciscan charism tradition completed open-ended items assessing their perception on the mission, vision, and values of their university. However, only 41 lower division, first-year students (33 women, 8 men) and 29 upper division students (22 women, 7 men) actually wrote about different aspects of their school's identity. Qualitative themes emerged in regard to students' assessment of their school identity, such as university mission activities are perceived important, and overall support for different institutional values within the university community. PMID:23256589

Karahalios, Vicky S; Williams, Shannon M; Ferrari, Joseph R; Matteo, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

423

Minority Students' Perceptions of Variables Affecting Their Selection of a Large University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined factors which influence beginning college minority students' (n=332) decisions to attend a major midwestern university. Compared perceptions of Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, Native Americans, and Appalachian Whites. Found primary reason for attending university was proximity to home. (ABL)

Stewart, Mac A.; Post, Phyllis

1990-01-01

424

Online conversations among Ontario university students: environmental concerns.  

PubMed

As the 'next generation' guardians of the environment, there appears to be limited inquiry into young Canadians' environmental concerns. At the same time, online social networking is a predominant method of communication among young adults. This research explored online conversations regarding environmental concerns among young Canadian adults targeting the university student population. A qualitative content analysis was conducted using posted conversations from the online social media network Facebook. Conversations addressing environmental issues were summarized into four major themes. The first theme, 'Built Environment' (127 postings) centred on housing and transportation. The second theme, 'Natural Environment' (55 postings) accounted for issues of air quality, pollution and water quality. The third theme, 'Environmental Restoration' (52 postings) highlighted young Canadian adults' plans for environmental recovery. The fourth theme, 'Engagement and Activism' (31 postings) underscored students' use of the online social networking site for environmental advocacy. Young adults appeared to be environmentally conscious and, through the use of social networking, exchanged knowledge and opinions, and advocated for environmental change. Online social networking sites, such as Facebook, can serve as a communication channel that facilitates health information sharing and more importantly cultivates community capacity focused on environmental health promotion among young adult users. PMID:22713097

Martinello, Novella; Donelle, Lorie

2012-09-01

425

Student–Faculty Interaction in Research Universities: Differences by Student Gender, Race, Social Class, and First-Generation Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether the effects of student–faculty interaction on a range of student outcomes—i.e., college GPA, degree\\u000a aspiration, integration, critical thinking and communication, cultural appreciation and social awareness, and satisfaction\\u000a with college experience—vary by student gender, race, social class, and first-generation status. The study utilized data on\\u000a 58,281 students who participated in the 2006 University of California Undergraduate Experience

Young K. Kim; Linda J. Sax

2009-01-01

426

Body composition and physical activity in Italian university students  

PubMed Central

Background Increased sedentary lifestyle and prevalence of overweight/obesity are common in western countries. The purposes of this study were (i) to assess the main health-related anthropometric characteristics in a sample of students in relation to sex, amount of physical activity and sport discipline, and (ii) to investigate the accuracy of the Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist-to-Stature Ratio (WSR) as indicators of body fat percentage (%F) in young adults. Methods 734 university students, both sexes, participated in the present research. A self-administered questionnaire acquired socio-demographic information (sex, age) and sport participation (hours/week, sport discipline). Anthropometric measurements and grip strength values were acquired according to standardized procedures. Body composition was assessed by means of the skinfold method. Results Most students had normal BMI, WSR and %F. There were significant statistical differences in all anthropometric traits between the two sexes. One-way ANOVAs within sex showed statistically significant differences in biceps skinfold, waist circumference (WC), WSR, body density (BD), %F and fat mass (FM) among different levels of physical activity in males; and in weight, BMI, arm girths and fat free mass (FFM) in females. One-way ANOVAs within sex showed statistically significant differences in arm girths, grip strength and FFM among different sport disciplines in males, and in height, weight, BMI, WC, relaxed arm girth, grip strength, FM and FFM in females. Despite the significant and positive correlation of BMI and WSR with %F both indices had poor sensitivity. Conclusions Physical activity plays an important role in body composition parameters: the most active males had the least amount of FM and the most active females had the greatest amount of FFM. BMI and WSR are not accurate indices of adiposity in young adults.

2014-01-01

427

Postgraduate Educational Aspirations and Policy Implications: A case study of university students in western China  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's educational reform from the late 1990s, has substantially increased university capacity. This has been most evident in undergraduate enrolments. As an increasingly large cohort of university graduates enters the job market yearly, the demand for university graduates has not caught up with supply. Some university students plan to pursue postgraduate studies in order to delay their entry into the

Peter S. Li; Liming Li; Li Zong

2007-01-01

428

The Effects of Student Involvement and College Environment on Students' Learning and Living Experience at World-Class Research Universities in China: A Comparative Case Study of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comparative research examined the effects of student involvement and college environment on students' learning and living experience delivered by two aspiring world-class universities in Hong Kong and Shanghai. Few studies have shown how the levels of student involvement and college environment can benefit students at world-class institution.…

Chan, Roy Yew-Hung

2011-01-01

429

The Finnish Public Library System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of Finnish library work and the growing role of libraries; general features of Finnish public libraries (location, number of patrons, financing of libraries, personnel, acquisitions); organization of the libray system; and reformation of the state subsidy system and the public libraries act. (CT)

Berndtson, Maija

1985-01-01

430

Finnish care integrated?  

PubMed Central

Abstract The public Finnish social and health care system has been challenged by the economic crisis, administrative reforms and increased demands. Better integration as a solution includes many examples, which have been taken to use. The most important are the rewritten national and municipals strategies and quality recommendations, where the different sectors and the levels of care are seen as one entity. Many reorganisations have taken place, both nationally and locally, and welfare clusters have been established. The best examples of integrated care are the forms of teamwork, care management, emphasis on non-institutional care and the information technology.

Niskanen, J. Jouni

2002-01-01

431

Student–university relationships and reputation: a study of the links between key factors fostering students’ supportive behavioral intentions towards their university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focusing on academic institutions in higher education as the research context, this study examined the relations of key factors\\u000a affecting students’ supportive behavioral intentions toward the university (e.g., giving gifts as alumni, continuing education,\\u000a and giving referrals regarding the university). Based on the literature from various disciplines, this study proposed four\\u000a factors are critical influencing such intentions: (1) students’ communication

Minjung Sung; Sung-Un Yang

2009-01-01

432

22 CFR 62.23 - College and university students.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...have arisen since acquiring exchange visitor status. (2) A student may engage in...ensure that the student intern has verifiable English language skills...institution or English language school. (ii) The student intern is...

2009-04-01

433

22 CFR 62.23 - College and university students.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...have arisen since acquiring exchange visitor status. (2) A student may engage in...ensure that the student intern has verifiable English language skills...institution or English language school. (ii) The student intern is...

2010-04-01

434

University Students' Knowledge of Services and Programs in Relation to Satisfaction: A Case Study of a Private University in Lebanon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to survey students on their satisfaction with university services and programs in a coeducational Lebanese Catholic higher education institution. The study attempts to relate self-assessed knowledge of the university procedures, rules and regulations on six dimensions of satisfaction, being: academic…

Nasser, Ramzi N.; Khoury, Bechara; Abouchedid, Kamal

2008-01-01

435

University students' knowledge of services and programs in relation to satisfaction : A case study of a private university in Lebanon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to survey students on their satisfaction with university services and programs in a coeducational Lebanese Catholic higher education institution. The study attempts to relate self-assessed knowledge of the university procedures, rules and regulations on six dimensions of satisfaction, being: academic experience, academic advisor, residential life, campus life, personal development opportunities, resources and

Ramzi N. Nasser; Bechara Khoury; Kamal Abouchedid

2008-01-01

436

Everyday Interactions with University Authorities: Authority Treatment Quality, Outcome Favorability and First-Year Students' University Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hundred and twelve first-year undergraduates completed an authority interaction checklist every time they had a (self-defined) meaningful interaction with university authorities during the first two weeks of their first semester. Students' degree of university identification before they began the term moderated the influence of campus authorities' treatment quality on academic engagement three months later. These longitudinal data provide support

Heather J. Smith; Gerryann Olson; Gail Agronick; Tom Tyler

2009-01-01

437

Characteristics of Attempts To Handle Indeterminate Situations--Answering Questions: University Students and University Graduates with Work Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the nature and characteristics of thinking examined how university students without full-time work experience and university graduates with work experience think when posed with an indeterminate situation. The focus was on such characteristics as expression tendencies, approaches to responding, thinking movements, and learning…

Martin, Ken

438

Interpreting differences between the United States and New Zealand university students’ engagement scores as measured by the NSSE and AUSSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Press releases concerning the Australasian Survey of Student Engagement (AUSSE) results warn that university students in Australia and New Zealand are less engaged than their peers at United States institutions. Such warnings about student engagement and interactions then become targets for improvement on Australasian universities’ strategic plans. In considering New Zealand university students’ survey responses, we examined AUSSE and the

Erik Brogt; Keith Comer

2012-01-01

439

Student Outcome Assessment: Improving Student Learning through University\\/Industry Collaboration at the University of Nebraska at Kearney, Department of Industrial Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is the intent of the authors to present an assessment model that can be utilized by other departments seeking accreditation by presenting the process utilized by the Industrial Technology Department at the University of Nebraska at Kearney. The department assesses its accredited programs to assure effective student learning through a comprehensive assessment process directly tied to student outcome statements.

Stanley L. Lightner; Richard A. Meznarich

440

Periodontal conditions of Colombian university students aged 16 to 35.  

PubMed

Epidemiological data on the periodontal health and oral hygiene practices of young individuals in Latin America are limited. This study was conducted in a sample of 355 first-year students randomly selected from 3,251 new students entering the largest university in Colombia. Participants received a periodontal examination and were interviewed about oral hygiene practices. Specifically, this study assessed the relationship between oral hygiene practices (including smoking tobacco) and plaque accumulation and/or periodontal bleeding on probing (BOP). Participants had extensive plaque accumulation and BOP, with a mean O´Leary plaque index of 56% and mean BOP of 37%. Both measures were higher for proximal surfaces. Plaque indices of at least 50% were not associated with any oral hygiene factors; however, plaque index and use of dental floss were associated with a BOP of at least 50%. Frequency of tooth brushing was higher in female than in male participants. Only 5% of participants reported smoking tobacco. On average, participants had 2.7 ± 4.6 pockets of at least 4 mm (18% of participants had ? 5 and 9% of participants had ? 10 pockets of this depth, respectively). On average, participants had 2.1 ± 4.4 sites with clinical attachment loss of at least 2 mm (15% and 6% of participants had ? 5 and ? 10 sites with this level of loss). Only 8% of participants were diagnosed with moderate periodontitis, and no participants were diagnosed with severe periodontitis. In conclusion, although participants had high levels of plaque and BOP, signs of advanced destructive periodontal disease were minimal. PMID:24878670

Marulanda, Ana María; Coral, Diana; Sabogal, Diego; Serrano, Carlos

2014-05-16

441

Grading Standards and Student Performance in Community College and University Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was undertaken to determine whether comparable grading standards are used in evaluating student performance at two-year community colleges and four-year universities. Examination of academic records of 417 students who took college level math at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in fall 2009 compared the performance of those who…

Friedl, John; Pittenger, David J.; Sherman, Michael

2012-01-01

442

Explaining entrepreneurial intentions of university students: a cross-cultural study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In order to extend the literature on predicting entrepreneurial intentions this study aims to test a model incorporating cultural, social, and psychological factors. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper surveyed over 1,000 students at universities in the USA, Spain, and China. Findings – Across cultures, university students share generally similar views on motivations and barriers to entrepreneurship, but with some

Mark Pruett; Rachel Shinnar; Bryan Toney; Francisco Llopis; Jerry Fox

2009-01-01

443

The Effects of Peer Tutoring between Domestic and International Students: The Tutor System at Japanese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International students often require extracurricular assistance upon arrival in the host country. Many universities operate programs pairing international and domestic students for academic and adjustment assistance. The tutor system operating at Japanese national universities has similar objectives. Although the literature has highlighted several…

Lassegard, James P.

2008-01-01

444

Family, Learning Environments, Learning Approaches, and Student Outcomes in a Malaysian Private University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the quantitative findings from a mixed methods study of students and faculty at a private medical university in Malaysia. In particular, the relationships among students' individual characteristics, general self-efficacy, family context, university and classroom learning environments, curriculum, approaches to learning, and…

Kek, Megan A. Yih Chyn; Darmawan, I. Gusti Ngurah; Chen, Yu Sui

2007-01-01

445

The Relationships among Unethical Computer Usage Behavior and Some Personality Characteristics of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims at examining the relationships among unethical computer usage behavior and the personality characteristics of locus of control, adjustment to social norms, antisocial tendency, and aggression on Turkish university students. The research was applied to 217 university students. Data were collected through Unethical Computer Using…

Ceyhan, A. Aykut; Ceyhan, Esra

2007-01-01

446

One-Year Prevalence Rates of Major Depressive Disorder in First-Year University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-year university students may be more at risk for experiencing Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) than the general population given associated risk factors of this age range. A two-phase procedure was used to estimate the one-year prevalence rate of MDD and comorbid Major Anxiety Disorders among first-year university students at a small Canadian…

Price, E. Lisa; McLeod, Peter J.; Gleich, Stephen S.; Hand, Denise

2006-01-01

447

University student e-tailing: a marketing study at the entrepreneurship interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is the third report on an enlarging worldwide study of university students’ attitudes and opinions related to e-commerce. The data set is made up of over 600 business majors distributed between three US and one Australian university. The purpose of the study was to explore students’ attitudes and opinions related to e-commerce and how those varied based on

Richard D. Teach; Robert G. Schwartz

2003-01-01

448

The Relationship of Resilience with Attitude toward Grief in University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to reveal whether university students' level of resilience differ by gender and attitude toward grief, and to identify to what extent resilience predicts attitude toward grief. 259 students studying at Ondokuz Mayis University participated in the study. The average age of the participants was 20.27 plus or minus…

Celik, Seher Balci

2013-01-01

449

Latino Students and Biliteracy at a University: Literacy Histories, Agency, and Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the writing and writing experiences of six bilingual (Spanish-English), immigrant university students. Immigrant students are a growing segment of university populations, but explicit/implicit language policies often overlook their unique characteristics and needs. The study draws on the continua of biliteracy model…

Stegemoller, William Jason

2009-01-01

450

The Relationship between University Students' Academic Achievement and Perceived Organizational Image  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of present study was to determine the relationship between university students' academic achievement and perceived organizational image. The sample of the study was the senior students at the faculties and vocational schools in Umuttepe Campus at Kocaeli University. Because the development of organizational image is a long process, the…

Polat, Soner

2011-01-01

451

Electronic versus Traditional Print Textbooks: A Comparison Study on the Influence of University Students' Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University students are increasingly choosing to purchase e-textbooks for their mobile devices as an alternative to traditional textbooks. This study examines the relationship between textbook format and 538 university students' grades and perceived learning scores. Results demonstrate that there was no difference in cognitive learning and grades…

Rockinson- Szapkiw, Amanda J.; Courduff, Jennifer; Carter, Kimberly; Bennett, David

2013-01-01

452

High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

2009-01-01

453

Selecting Students, Selecting Priorities: How Universities Manage Enrollment during Times of Economic Crises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the economic recession continues to threaten state funding, federal support and financial aid allocations, colleges and universities increasingly rely on student enrollment and tuition as a revenue source. This article, examines how universities respond to this challenge, particularly in the areas of student recruitment and admission. These…

Holley, Karri; Harris, Michael

2010-01-01

454

Gatekeepers or Facilitators: The Influence of Teacher Habitus on Students' Applications to Elite Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low application rates of state school students to elite universities have been identified as a factor in their limited participation in elite universities. This article explores the role of teachers in state schools and colleges in guiding higher education (HE) choice. Drawing on qualitative research with teachers and students in six institutions,…

Oliver, Caroline; Kettley, Nigel

2010-01-01

455

Associated Factors of Suicide Among University Students: Importance of Family Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim in this study was to underline the importance of family environment as a significant associate of suicide probability among university students. For this aim 226 Turkish university students completed Suicide Probability Scale, Family Environment Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Positive and Negative Affect Scale. As a result of the formulated regression analysis, after controlling for the 51% of

Tülin Gençöz; P?nar

2006-01-01

456

A Comparative Study of Happiness among Male and Female Athlete Students in University of Tehran  

Microsoft Academic Search

4 Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the level of happiness among male and female athlete students in Tehran University. The total number of 282 students (144 female and 138 male athletes) from Tehran University completed the Oxford Happiness questionnaire containing measures of study variables, validated inside the country. After distributing and collecting the questionnaires

M. Goodarzi; R. Rajabi; B. Yousefi; S. Mansoor

457

Measuring the Academic Skills of University Students: Evaluation of a Diagnostic Procedure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measuring the Academic Skills of University Students is a procedure developed in the 1990s at the University of Sydney's Language Centre to identify students in need of academic writing development by assessing examples of their written work against five criteria. This paper reviews the literature relating to the development of the procedure with…

Erling, Elizabeth J.; Richardson, John T. E.

2010-01-01

458

Entrepreneurship Policy for University Students: A Case Study of Zhejiang Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultivating university students' entrepreneurial skills has become a worldwide common interest. Taking Zhejiang Province, China as a case, this paper firstly analyses the push and the pull forces of cultivating innovative and entrepreneurial talents. Then the contents of Zhejiang's entrepreneurship policy for university students are systematically…

Mei, Weihui

2012-01-01

459

Factors Associated with the Psychological Well-Being and Distress of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Because of the serious nature of psychiatric illness and related problems, the authors attempted to identify demographic, individual, and behavioral factors linked to university students' psychological health. Participants: They surveyed 353 (60.9% female) predominately Caucasian (88.7%) university students attending a large public…

Burris, Jessica L.; Brechting, Emily H.; Salsman, John; Carlson, Charles R.

2009-01-01

460

The Role of Basic Needs Fulfillment in Prediction of Subjective Well-Being among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to examine the role of fulfillment level of university students' basic needs in predicting the level of their subjective well being. The participants were 627 students (56% female, 44% male) attending different faculties of Pamukkale University. In this study, subjective well being was measured with Life Satisfaction Scale…

Turkdogan, Turgut; Duru, Erdinc

2012-01-01

461

On the Cause of University Students' Cheating Phenomenon from the Perspective of Albert Bandura's Reciprocal Determinism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, "cheating" becomes a prevalent social phenomenon among the university students, which result in a bad influence to the quality of higher education, to the healthy growth of the university students, and to the social morale. To solve this problem, the key is to scoop out the root reason and get rid of it thoroughly. The emergence…

Run-xian, Zhou; Xiao-pin, Zhou

2007-01-01

462

Motivation of University Students Participating in English Learning Outside of School in China: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the world is becoming more globalized, English as a common language of the world is becoming more and more important in various fields. Nearly all the universities have opened English courses; however, there are many students willing to spend money to participate in English training outside of school. This paper is designed to explore the motivations of university students

Zhu Dong-hong; Chang Ya-ping

2008-01-01

463

An Examination of the Relationship between Optimism and Worldview among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between worldview, demographic characteristics, and optimism among university students. A sample of 163 university students from two schools completed a self-report survey that included demographic variables, the Worldview Assessment Instrument (WAI, Koltko-Rivera, 1998), and the Revised Life Orientation Test…

Coll, Jose E.; Draves, Patrick R.

2008-01-01

464

Students' Choice of Universities in Germany: Structure, Factors and Information Sources Used  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student recruitment is an increasingly important topic for universities worldwide. But in order to develop sophisticated recruitment strategies, recruitment officers need to have a clear understanding of how and why students choose colleges. This review compares the German and US research concerning university choice models, choice criteria and…

Obermeit, Katrin

2012-01-01

465

Supporting a University Student Who Is Deaf-Blind in Writing for the Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bhattacharyya (1997) finds that universities must scramble to accommodate students who are Deaf-blind "because of limited literature regarding post secondary education for Deaf-blind students and the fact they have not yet experienced serving this unique population." Many Australian universities employ Academic Language and Learning (ALL) tutors…

Chanock, Kate; Stevens, Michelle; Freeman, Sally

2010-01-01

466

Student Activism, Mental Health, and English-Canadian Universities in the 1960s  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Student mental health services were created at many American universities during the interwar years in association with the mental hygiene movement of that era. In Canada, psychologists and psychiatrists became focused on the well-being of schoolchildren during this period, but services for university students were minimal or non-existent at most institutions until well after the Second World War. Influenced by

Patricia Jasen

2011-01-01

467

Emotional Intelligence as Predictor of Mental, Social, and Physical Health in University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the association between emotional intelligence (EI), anxiety, depression, and mental, social, and physical health in university students. The sample was made up of 184 university students (38 men and 146 women). EI was evaluated by the Trait Meta-Mood Scale (Salovey, Mayer, Goldman, Turvey, & Palfai, 1995), which evaluates the three dimensions (Attention, Clarity, and Mood Repair). Anxiety

Natalio Extremera; Pablo Fernández-Berrocal

2006-01-01

468

Empirical Support of the Overlap Between Career and Mental Health Counseling of University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to report occurrence of the overlap of career counseling and mental health counseling of university students at the counseling center of a public university in the Midwest. Participants were 1,690 students who sought counseling over a 2-year period. The Termination Checklist, a presenting concerns categories list, developed by the staff of this center showed

Diana Pace; Linda Quinn

2000-01-01

469

Student Activism, Mental Health, and English-Canadian Universities in the 1960s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student mental health services were created at many American universities during the interwar years in association with the mental hygiene movement of that era. In Canada, psychologists and psychiatrists became focused on the well-being of schoolchildren during this period, but services for university students were minimal or non-existent at most institutions until well after the Second World War. Influenced by

Patricia Jasen

2011-01-01

470

The Interrelationship of Self-Determination, Mental Illness, and Grades Among University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to examine the relationships among self-determination, mental illness, and GPAs of university students. Participants were 375 undergraduate students at a large state university. Two instruments based on Self-determination theory were used in this study: the Basic Needs Scale (see Baard, Deci, & Ryan, 2004) and the Learning Self-Regulation Questionnaire (Black & Deci, 2000). Data

Karin F. Brockelman

2009-01-01

471

New University Students' Instructional Preferences and How These Relate to Learning Styles and Motivational Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The main objective of this study is to analyze the dimensions which underlie new university students' preferences for instructional methods, and how these preferences relate to their learning styles and motivational strategies. Method: The sample consisted of 158 students in their first year of teacher training at the University of…

Garcia-Ros, Rafael; Perez, Francisco; Talaya, Isabel

2008-01-01

472

Type of Tobacco Product Used: Are There Differences between University and Community College Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes and compares smoking prevalence, types of tobacco products used, and motivation to quit among college students at universities and community colleges. Data were collected using the Florida Annual College Tobacco Survey (FACTS). Nine universities and eight community colleges participated in the study (n = 4973). Most students

James, Delores C. S.; Chen, W. William; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye

2007-01-01

473

Connection, Challenge, and Change: The Narratives of University Students Mentoring Young Indigenous Australians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we highlighted the stories of university student mentors who are involved in the Australian Indigenous Mentoring Experience (AIME). The AIME program works with young Indigenous school students, at primary and secondary school levels, to encourage continued participation in education and to consider university as a viable life…

O'Shea, Sarah; Harwood, Valerie; Kervin, Lisa; Humphry, Nici

2013-01-01

474

Are University Students Really Customers? When Illusion May Lead to Delusion for All!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The marketing concept is an idea that has been adopted in non-marketing contexts, such as the relationships between universities and their students. This paper aims to posit that marketing metaphors are inappropriate to describe the student-university relationship. Design/methodology/approach: The authors provide a conceptual discussion…

Svensson, Goran; Wood, Greg

2007-01-01

475

A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two university's female and male student's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on "Turkish Teaching" at University of…

Akengin, Hamza; Tuncel, Gul; Sirin, Ahmet; Sargin, Sevil

2009-01-01

476

The Educational Strategies of Danish University Students from Professional and Working-Class Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article studies the educational strategies adopted by university students from different class backgrounds in a Scandinavian welfare regime. Studies show distinct differences among classes relating to economic considerations, risk-averse behavior, and patterns of socialization among university students. We investigate these differences…

Thomsen, Jens Peter; Munk, Martin D.; Eiberg-Madsen, Misja; Hansen, Gro Inge

2013-01-01

477

Language maintenance and use in south Florida Hispanic university students: Do educational programs matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the long-term effects of bilingual education\\/ESOL instruction on Hispanic university students' subsequent Spanish language maintenance using sociolinguistic methodology as its framework. The study investigated whether or not Hispanic university students who had participated in bilingual or ESOL classes in their elementary schooling maintained Spanish as young adults. Maintenance included using Spanish in their personal and professional lives

Deborah Judith Hasson

2001-01-01

478

Learning communities for university students at-risk of school failure: Can they make a difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the impact of learning communities on the academic success of university students at-risk of academic failure. The effects of learning communities (LC) at Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) on cumulative GPAs, retention rates, and earned cumulative hours of students with ACT sub-scores of 17 or 18 in math who were enrolled in the developmental studies program were

Terri J Tharp

2009-01-01

479

Prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms and Associated Clinical Features among Australian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study addressed the frequency of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms among university students and investigated the predictors of dysmorphic concern. Six hundred and nineteen Australian university students completed measures assessing BDD, dysmorphic concern, self-esteem, depression, life satisfaction, self-oriented and socially…

Bartsch, Dianna

2007-01-01

480

The University Student Perspective on Factors that Hinder the Counseling Alliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two studies investigated the university student clients' perspective on factors that hinder the counseling alliance. In Study 1, twelve university students identified alliance-hindering factors while watching a videotape of their third or fourth counseling session. In total, 74 factors (in the form of participant statements) were elicited…

Bedi, Robinder P.; Cook, Megan C.; Domene, Jose F.

2012-01-01

481

University Students' Perception of Discrimination on Campus in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores discrimination on campus in Turkey. The participants were 164 university students from the first, third, and fourth classes of two departments in a university in Turkey. The data was gathered through a questionnaire developed by the author. The results revealed that students were discriminated against because of their clothing…

Gokce, Asiye Toker

2013-01-01

482

The Social Structure of Society through the Eyes of University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results are reported of a study to determine how beginning university students perceive social stratification in contemporary Sweden. The sample consisted of 169 students in a Swedish university. Participants were asked to classify segments in which their society is divided. They were then asked the basis for their classification and the content…

Dahlgren, Lars Owe; Franke-Wikberg, Sigbrit

483

China's Recruitment of African University Students: Policy Efficacy and Unintended Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how Sino-African relations are affected by the growing number of Africans who pursue higher education in China. China actively recruits African university students in order to increase soft power and generate income from the export of education services. Semi-structured interviews with African university students suggest that…

Haugen, Heidi Østbø

2013-01-01

484

Developing a Predictor of University Students' Course Grades Using Curriculum-Based Measurement: An Initial Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University students (n = 69) enrolled in an introductory psychology course at an historically Black university completed nine curriculum-based measurement probes. Results for each student were graphed and trendlines were calculated. Trendline direction was examined to determine whether a possible formative assessment technique might be developed…

Larson, W. Corry; Ward, Camilla

2006-01-01

485

Condom Discomfort and Associated Problems with Their Use among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addition to consistent use, condoms must be used correctly. The purpose of this study was to identify prevalence and types of condom-associated discomfort among university students, the outcomes of this discomfort, and the role of discomfort in condom breakage. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 206 students attending a private university

Grosby, Richard; Yarber, William L.; Sanders, Stephanie A.; Graham, Cynthia A.

2005-01-01

486

Investigating Students' Attitudes and Preferences towards Learning English at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is performed by conducting a survey analysis to investigate students' attitudes and preferences towards learning English at Kuwait University in non-English major ESL students. The sample size will be roughly 21-22% of a total of 4950 college level English Language learners at Kuwait University where specific English courses are part of…

Al-Bustan, Suad Ahmed; Al-Bustan, Lamees

2009-01-01

487

Are Achievement Motivation and Thinking Styles Related? A Visit among Chinese University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the relationships between thinking styles and achievement motivation among Chinese university students. The Thinking Styles Inventory--Revised (TSI-R; Sternberg, Wagner, & Zhang, 2003) and the Achievement Motives Scale (AMS; Gjesme & Nygard, 1970; Ye & Hagtvet, 1988) were administered to 238 Chinese university students

Fan, Weiqiao; Zhang, Li-Fang

2009-01-01

488

The Interrelationship of Self-Determination, Mental Illness, and Grades among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine the relationships among self-determination, mental illness, and GPAs of university students. Participants were 375 undergraduate students at a large state university. Two instruments based on Self-determination theory were used in this study: the Basic Needs Scale (see Baard, Deci, & Ryan, 2004) and the…

Brockelman, Karin F.

2009-01-01

489

Approaches to Studying and Perceptions of the Academic Environment among University Students in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a paucity of research on the experiences of students at Pakistani universities. A survey of over 900 students at two universities examined their approaches to studying and perceptions of their courses. Evidence was obtained for a deep approach, a surface approach and two aspects of a strategic approach. Their perceptions were based…

Ullah, Raza; Richardson, John T. E.; Hafeez, Muhammad

2011-01-01

490

The Impact of University Housing Construction Type on Psychosocial Development of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of university housing construction type on psychosocial development of first-year students. Data were collected at a large, four-year, public, research university in the Southeast using the Student Development Task and Lifestyle Assessment. The population considered for this study consisted of…

Owens, Justin Tyler

2010-01-01

491

International Student Recruitment to Universities in England: Discourse, Rationales and Globalisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recruitment of international students to universities in England has become a central issue in an era of globalisation for university administrators, senior managers, international offices and heads of schools and faculties. We examine the policy rationales for the recruitment of international students to England. Through the use of in-depth…

Bolsmann, Chris; Miller, Henry

2008-01-01

492

Dietary habits and life style among the students of a private Medical University Karachi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine the dietary habits and life style of the students of a private medical university in Karachi. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Baqai Medical University, from August 2005 to September 2005. A total of 384 medical students from the batches of 2002 to 2005 participated in this study. A pre-tested semi structured questionnaire was self administered

Nighat Nisar; Majid Hafeez Qadri; Kiran Fatima; Shakeela Perveen

493

Interdisciplinary Curriculum and Student Outcomes: The Case of a General Education Course at a Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher Student relationship;This article examines the relationship between interdisciplinary curriculum and student outcomes. In this inquiry, the author uses data collected during a two-year ethnographic study of six courses in a general education reform at Southwestern University (all names are pseudonyms), a research university with a diverse…

Orillion, Marie-France

2009-01-01

494

Mental health literacy in an educational elite – an online survey among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy is a prerequisite for early recognition and intervention in mental disorders. The aims of this paper are to determine whether a sample of university students recognise different symptoms of depression and schizophrenia and to reveal factors influencing correct recognition. METHODS: Bivariate and correspondence analyses of the results from an online survey among university students (n =

Christoph Lauber; Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross; Nadja Fritschi; Niklaus Stulz; Wulf Rössler

2005-01-01

495

Learning Communities for University Students At-Risk of School Failure: Can They Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of learning communities on the academic success of university students at-risk of academic failure. The effects of learning communities (LC) at Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) on cumulative GPAs, retention rates, and earned cumulative hours of students with ACT sub-scores of 17 or 18 in math who were…

Tharp, Terri J.

2009-01-01

496

Factors That Affect the Academic Success of Foreign Students at Cardinal Stritch University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are limited studies in the literature on the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students in the United States. This ex post facto mixed method study investigated the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students at Cardinal Stitch University (CSU), a medium size, private university located in the Midwestern…

Annor, Peter

2010-01-01

497

Adult Attachment, Cognitive Appraisal, and University Students' Reactions to Romantic Infidelity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships between adult attachment, cognitive appraisal, and university students' behavioral and emotional reactions to infidelity situations in romantic relationships. Results based on 173 university students suggested that both attachment and cognitive appraisals significantly predicted distinct types of infidelity…

Wang, Chia-Chih D. C.; King, Makini L.; Debernardi, Nicholas R.

2012-01-01

498

Linguistically Privileged and Cursed? American University Students and the Global Hegemony of English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes written discourse generated in response to an open-ended questionnaire administered to 136 students at two different universities in the southwestern United States and to 15 non-American students at a large Danish university. The questionnaire aimed to inspire reflection about the impact of the global rise of English on…

Demont-Heinrich, Christof

2010-01-01

499

An Ordinary Level as Predictors of Students' Academic Performance in Chemistry in Nigerian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined an ordinary level as predictors of students' academic performance in chemistry in South-west Nigeria universities. It also revealed the relationship between the academic performance of students in each level of the university examinations and their corresponding secondary school certificates examination. The sample of the study…

Kolawole, E. B.; Oginni, O. I.; Fayomi, E. O.

2011-01-01

500

Ordinary Level as Results Predictors of Students' Academic Performance in Chemistry in Nigerian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined ordinary level result as predictors of students' academic performance in chemistry in South-west Nigeria universities. It also examined the relationship between the academic performance of students in each level of the university examinations and their corresponding secondary school certificates examination. The sample of the…

Kolawole, E. B.; Oginni, O. I.; Fayomi, E. O.

2011-01-01