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E-print Network

HIGH SCHOOL BACKGROUND OF FIRST-TIME STUDENTS UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI`I FALL 2007 Institutional, Students Reports available online at: #12;HIGH SCHOOL BACKGROUND 1). Enrollment of first-time students from Hawai`i high schools measured 5,967, a 9.4% increase from


First-Time Student Questionnaire: An Attempt to Identify Those Applicants Most Likely Not to Register.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at Morton College (Illinois) to develop a profile of students who applied to the college, but did not register for classes. A sample of 445 potential students who participated in the college's placement testing program for the fall 1984 semester completed the First-Time Student Questionnaire, which asked for information…

Spahr, Anthony E.


INTERNATIONAL STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013 Procedures for Entering  

E-print Network

leaving your home country · Passport · Airline ticket · Money equivalent of approximately US 3 000 · Visa of residence "college student " ID Photos You will need to submit photos of yourself when carrying out certain#12;#12;INTERNATIONAL STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013 #12;#12;Procedures for Entering and Residing in Japan

Kawato, Suguru


INTERNATIONAL STUDENT HANDBOOK 2012 Procedures for Entering  

E-print Network

leaving your home country · Passport · Airline ticket · Money equivalent of approximately US 1 500 · Visa of residence "college student " ID Photos You will need to submit photos of yourself when carrying out certain#12;INTERNATIONAL STUDENT HANDBOOK 2012 #12;#12;Procedures for Entering and Residing in Japan

Kawato, Suguru


Small Business Planning and Management for the First-Time Entrepreneur. Instructor's Resource Manual. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's resource manual and student workbook accompany the textbook of the same name. The manual is intended to help the teacher working with the small business manager and first-time entrepreneur. Each chapter contains these sections: instructional goals; resource people; tips for follow-up activities at the end of each chapter;…

Hamilton, William H.; Connelly, Donald F.


Relationship between Student Recreation Complex Use, Academic Performance, and Persistence of First-Time Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the persistence rate and academic achievement of three cohorts of first-time freshmen that had used the recreation complex and those that had not used the facility. Results reveal that freshmen that used the student recreation complex (SRC) persisted at a greater rate after one semester and after one year than their counterparts who did…

Belch, Holley A.; Gebel, Melinda; Maas, Gerald M.



Rites of Pedagogical Passage: How Graduate Student Instructors Negotiate the Challenges of First-Time Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the dynamics of the first-time teaching experience of graduate instructors, drawing on interview and focus group data from 35 sociology students in a doctoral program at a large university in the United States. Results indicate the majority of graduate instructors felt a great deal of anxiety due to challenges they faced when…

Smollin, Leandra M.; Arluke, Arnold



The GRS/GRC from the perspective of a graduate student and first time attendee.  


The networking and collaborative opportunities afforded to the attendees of the Ocean and Human Health Gordon Research Seminar (GRS) and the Gordon Research Conference (GRC) are vast and great. The GRS/GRC, in particular, has the capability of facilitating interlaboratory and interdisciplinary collaborations. The following article highlights the benefits associated with attending the GRS/GRC as a graduate student and first time attendee. PMID:23354178

Russo, Corey D



Price Responsiveness of First-time Students A Comparison of the Tuition Price and Financial Aid Responsiveness of  

E-print Network

Responsiveness of First-Time Enrollees and Continuing College Students Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting-time college enrollees with that of continuing college students. Data on public college enrollments over a 20 There is an extensive body of research on the sensitivity to tuition prices of prospective college students. Three

Heller, Don


Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) 2000 Survey Results: First-Time, Full-Time Students Institutional Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a report on the 2000 Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) survey results from first-time, full-time students at Mt. San Antonio College (SAC) (California). The survey gathered data on student demographics, background experiences, college expectations, attitudes, and opinions. It was administered to 1,000 students, 867…

Silverman, Barbara; Richardson, Odette Marie


Learning and being a first-time student supervisor: challenges and triumphs.  


The transitions made from a student to a practitioner can be daunting for recent graduates when they enter the 'real world' and apply theory, frames of reference and idealistic goal setting to achieve the best outcome for their clients experiencing dysfunction, disruption or disability. The exponential rate of learning that the recent graduate experiences is phenomenal and can either promote their development as innovative and prepared practitioners or lead towards an early career change or feelings of incompetence. Retention in the allied health professions is of upmost importance for the ongoing development of professional scholarship, reputation and continued responsibility to the community. This is especially true for those working, or considering to work in regional, rural and remote areas where there is an ever-growing need for flexible, resourceful and culturally sensitive health professionals. PMID:18652616

Pereira, Robert B




E-print Network

FILM OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER) NOTE ON REVERSE. GATE REQUIREMENTS FOR FILM OPTION: FILM 100IH ­ Introduction to Film & Photography ...................................................................... 3

Lawrence, Rick L.


Decision to Enter the Profession of Student Affairs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to consider factors that graduate students in master's degree programs in student affairs identify as influential to their decisions to enter the student affairs profession. A total of 300 master's students from 24 randomly selected graduate programs participated in the study. Relatively few differences were found…

Taub, Deborah J.; McEwen, Marylu K.



Profile Characteristics of Entering Students, Fall 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a profile summary of personal, demographic, intellective, and motivational characteristics of community college students, this report describes the student population of New York City Community College (NYCCC). The data in this report are predicated on the Biographical Inventory of the Comparative Guidance and Placement Program which…

Alfred, Richard L.; And Others


Benefits & Incentives for Students Entering Supported Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes available benefits and work incentives affecting supported employment placement for students with severe disabilities, including payment for necessary supports (state programs and the Department of Labor), protection of benefits (Social Security programs), and incentives to employers (the Targeted Job Tax Credits program and…

Powell, Thomas H.; Moore, Stephen C.



Statement on Competencies in Mathematics Expected of Entering College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this Statement on Competencies in Mathematics Expected of Entering College Students is to provide a clear and coherent message about the mathematics that students need to know and to be able to do to be successful in college. While parts of this Statement were written with certain audiences in mind, the document as a whole should be…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, 2010



Profile Characteristics of Entering Students: 1974-75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The profile data in this report were obtained from the administration of the biographical inventory of the Career Guidance Program to students entering New York City Community College during fall semester 1974. Usable inventories were completed and returned by 3,564 students. The two basic purposes of the study were: (1) to describe and analyze…

Alfred, Richard L.


Experiences and Engagement Levels of Entering Community College Students and Returning Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to explore the differences in engagement levels between entering and returning community college students, the researcher analyzed 13,300 surveys from the 2007 Survey of Entering Student Engagement (SENSE) pilot data set utilizing a quantitative methodology. This study focused on analyzing engagement levels of entering and returning…

De los Reyes, Maria Oralia



BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later)  

E-print Network

BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later) Graduation Requirements, Intro. To Evolution & Ecology (2 cr.; fall) 9. One of these four options: (Biochemistry majors must & Measurement in Physical Biochemistry (3 cr.; fall) 13. Two of these courses: A. BIOL 41600 Viruses and Viral

Jiang, Wen


BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

1 BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later) Graduation Requirements Requirement: Choose one of these four options: (Biochemistry majors must choose BIOL 39500, Macromolecules) A Biochemistry (3 cr.; fall) 13. Biology Electives: Two of these courses: A. BIOL 41600 Viruses and Viral

Jiang, Wen


Fitness Profiles and Activity Patterns of Entering College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entering college students were evaluated for performance on maximal oxygen consumption, body composition, muscle endurance, muscle strength, and joint flexibility tests to determine the relationship of physical activity patterns to fitness levels. Results supported previous research indicating reduced fitness levels in young adults. (SM)

Pierce, Edgar F.; And Others



The First Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author narrates her experience of meeting a Montessori kid for the first time and shares the characteristics she observed in Montessori students. The author was working as director of academic resources in university housing at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and met Jason, a pre-med sophomore who was the resident…

Black, Beth



To: Incoming Students in Neuroscience Dear Entering Students  

E-print Network

in the Mandel Center for the Humanities Atrium. 11:30am ­ 4:00pm International Student Orientation for all new international graduate students: Attendance is required. Levin Ballroom-Lunch will be served 5:00 pm ­ 8:00 pm **PLEASE NOTE: All foreign students should contact Kimberly Sizelove to set up ESL interviews at 781

Fraden, Seth


{ Graduate Awards } An award for an entering or in-course student in  

E-print Network

the athletic achieve- ments of student-athletes who are entering or enrolled in any undergraduate degree{ Graduate Awards } fellowship An award for an entering or in-course student in a graduate program A one-time award for an entering undergraduate student, granted on the basis of academic excellence

Volesky, Bohumil


Graduate Enrollment in Science and Engineering Fields Reaches New Peak; First-Time Enrollment of Foreign Students Declines  

NSF Publications Database

... part-time students. Full-time students constituted 72 percent of all S&E graduate students in 2002 ... students in graduate S&E programs has grown faster than enrollment of white students (table 3 ...


The Influence of Participation in Student Nurse Extern Programs on NCLEX-RN Pass Rates for First-Time Candidates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: NCLEX-RN pass rate data for first-time candidates is used as a method to assess the quality of nursing education programs by nursing education accreditation bodies. In several states, the board of nursing uses NCLEX-RN pass rate data to measure the educational effectiveness of nursing programs operating within its’ jurisdiction. Educators and administrators in nursing programs are concerned about NCLEX-RN

Joy Turner Washburn



Characteristics and Opinions of Entering Undergraduate Students at Montana State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Montana State University's (MSU) use of the Student-Outcomes Information Services (SOIS), developed jointly by the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS) and the College Board for surveying the characteristics and opinions of entering undergraduate students, is examined. The Entering-Student Questionnaire, one of five…

Dulniak, Dennis J.


A Comparative Study on First-Time and Experienced Project-Based Learning Students in an Engineering Design Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to compare and evaluate the learning ability and performance differences between two groups of students undergoing project-based learning (PjBL), with one group having prior PjBL experience, while the other group is being freshly exposed to PjBL. More specifically, it examines if there are significant differences in knowledge…

Chua, K. J.



Implementation of a Study Skills Program for Entering At-Risk Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the first year of medical school is challenging for all students, there may be specific issues for students from rural areas, economically disadvantaged backgrounds, ethnic minorities, or nontraditional age groups. A Summer Prematriculation Program (SPP) was created to prepare entering at-risk students for the demands of medical school. For…

Miller, Cynthia J.



Experiencing the barriers: non-traditional students entering higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes part of an ongoing study of the experiences of 32 mature, ‘non-traditional’ students as they make the transition to higher education. The paper draws on the stories of three of the participants to highlight some of the financial and institutional barriers experienced by mature minority ethnic students. It points to the need for institutional change if nontraditional

Marion Bowl



Teaching entering students to think like computer scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new course developed at University of Maine to help students better understand the discipline of computer science and to aid us in recruiting and retaining majors. The course verview of computer science, but also, through focusing on particular topics at an advanced level, begins to teach students how computer scientists think about problems. The course has

Elise H. Turner; Roy M. Turner



Factors that influence minority students to enter the teaching profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade much has changed in the United States schools. The number of minority students in U.S. continues to increase. The number of ethnically diverse teachers is declining. By the year 2000, it estimated that minority students will compromise 33% of the school population and that this percentage will grow to 39% by the year 2020. The number

Khalil Mohammad Khrais



Diagnostic Tests for Entering and Departing Undergraduate Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A diagnostic test administered at the start of a class should test basic concepts which are recognized as course prerequisites. The questions should not be over-packaged: e.g. students should be required to create models, rather than this being done for them each time. Students should be allowed great latitude in their answers, so we can discover what they are thinking. When administered at the end of a class the goals should be similar: testing concepts taught in the class itself and the retention of necessary concepts from previous classes. Great care has to be taken to avoid teaching to the test. In assessing an entire program, for example an undergraduate majors degree in physics, then one looks for very general skills and knowledge not specific to any one course. The purpose of an undergraduate degree in physics (or indeed any science) is to equip the students with a set of problem-solving skills and basic knowledge which can be applied in a large variety of workplace settings and to allow that student to contribute to civic society as a science-literate person. The creator of any diagnostic test should always have these big goals in mind. We have developed a set of questions which we think fulfill these criteria, yet are not specific to any particular level of science education. They have been administered to students in secondary schools across Canada, incoming first-year science students and final-year physics students at the University of British Columbia. The results will be presented.

Waltham, Chris; Kotlicki, A.



Physical Health and Stress in Entering Dental Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the health and exercise habits of first-year dental students found that a large proportion had a healthy lifestyle and, somewhat more males than females, regular exercise. A significant negative correlation appeared between trait anxiety and physical activity level. Implications are discussed. (MSE)

Rubenstein, Loretta K.; And Others



Diagnostic Examination for Students Entering Graduate Study in Soil Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports that students with soil science background performed better on a diagnostic examination; no relationship existed between exam performance and country of origin, degree sought, or undergraduate class quartile. Concludes that exam results, the grade received in a beginning graduate-level course and the cumulative graduate grade-point average…

Loynachan, T. E.



Statement on Competencies in Mathematics Expected of Entering College Students. April 2010. Revised May 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this" Statement on Competencies in Mathematics Expected of Entering College Students" is to provide a clear and coherent message about the mathematics that students need to know and to be able to do to be successful in college. While parts of this Statement were written with certain audiences in mind, the document as a whole…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, 2013



Recruiting and retaining geoscience students at a large public university: Balancing the needs of first-time freshman and upper-division transfer students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Geological Sciences at California State University, Fullerton (CSUF) is one of the largest geology programs in the state. Approximately 4,000 students at CSUF take general education geology classes; this provides a large pool from which to recruit undergraduate students for either the Geology B.S. or Earth Sciences B.A. offered by the department. The department has seen a dramatic increase in majors over the last decade, from a low of 28 majors in 2002 to more than 110 in 2012. This increase does not appear to be driven by growth in the oil industry; in a recent survey of CSUF geoscience (BS or BA) students, 15% of respondents indicated an interest in a career in petroleum. The department has engaged in aggressive recruitment and outreach efforts over the last decade, with activities ranging from earthquake preparedness rallies in conjunction with the annual California ShakeOut, to an emerging high school and community college intern program at the department's paleontology curation facility. Despite these efforts, the majority of CSUF geoscience students declared the geology major after taking an introductory physical geology course either at CSUF or a local community college. Over the last ten years, approximately 50% of the geoscience majors at CSUF transferred from a community college. Among the geoscience students who began their career at CSUF, only one third had declared a geoscience major in their freshman year. Over two thirds of geoscience majors at CSUF declared their major after completing more than 60 units. The strong tendency for students to declare a geoscience major late in their career poses significant challenges to students' ability to graduate in a timely manner. To mitigate this problem, the department has an aggressive advising program, wherein students attend mandatory advising with a faculty member every semester. The department is also working closely with community college partners to improve the preparation of transfer students through advising partnerships facilitated by the NSF-sponsored STEM2 program, and through active collaboration in implementing a geology "Associate's Degree-for-Transfer" at community colleges under the framework of California's Student Transfer Achievement Reform Act (SB 1440).

Bowman, D. D.; Clemens-Knott, D.



Dear IIT Students, I want to extend best wishes to all of you during finals week. For those of you who are first-time students at IIT,  

E-print Network

's talk, entitled "Harnessing Knowledge to Meet the Challenge of Climate Change," was particularly interesting given that he is the chairperson of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the groupDear IIT Students, I want to extend best wishes to all of you during finals week. For those of you

Heller, Barbara


A Statistical Comparison of First Time Praxis II Pass Rates between Homegrown 4 Year Students and Transfer Students of a Medium Size Suburban University: A Six Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to meet the federal mandate specified by the No Child Left Behind Act to demonstrate content competency for teaching certification, students must pass a written examination. Missouri and 37 other states chose the Praxis II to satisfy requirements. Presently, schools of education advertise the passing rate of the Praxis II as 100%, since…

Holmes, Jason Edward, Jr.



Sources of Academic and Self-Regulatory Efficacy Beliefs of Entering Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of Bandura's (1997) hypothesized sources of self-efficacy on the academic and self-regulatory efficacy beliefs of entering middle school students ("N" = 263) and to explore whether these sources differ as a function of gender, reading ability, and race/ethnicity. For the full sample, mastery…

Usher, Ellen L.; Pajares, Frank



ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later course other than BIOL 54200 124 Total Credits BIOLOGY: 1. BIOL 12100 Biology I: Diversity, Ecology 28600 Intro. to Ecology and Evolution (2 cr.; spring) or BIOL 29500, Intro. to Evolution & Ecology (2 cr

Jiang, Wen


Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook In effect for students entering Fall 2013  

E-print Network

Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook In effect for students entering Fall 2013 Department of Planning and Urban Studies / College of Liberal Arts 368 Milneburg Hall University of New Orleans 2000 Lakeshore Drive New Orleans, LA 70148 #12;Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook 1 DOCTORAL PROGRAM

Kulp, Mark


A comparison of high school and college academic statistics of student-athletes who entered college under Proposition 48 and student-athletes who entered college under Proposition 16  

Microsoft Academic Search

This descriptive study was conducted to determine if student-athletes who entered Austin Peay State University, a mid-size, urban, public, four-year university located in the southeastern United States, under the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) initial-eligibility standards of Proposition 16 were better students academically than those student-athletes entering under the standards of Proposition 48. Data were collected from the Student Information

Joseph Paul Luckey



Epistemic and ontological cognition of entering and postdidactic occupational therapy students.  


Beliefs about knowledge and knowing, also called epistemic and ontological cognition (EOC), are associated with many aspects of learning and achievement; no published studies have described the EOC of occupational therapy students. This study compares and contrasts occupational therapy students' EOC at entry and on completion of didactic coursework. Twenty-one incoming and 33 postdidactic students completed the Epistemic Beliefs Inventory and the modified Four-Quadrant Scale and provided explanations for their self-ratings. Results indicate that the postdidactic students held more sophisticated stances toward occupational therapy-specific knowledge. The entering students demonstrated dogmatist and skeptic perspectives, with minimal evidence of a rationalist view of knowledge, whereas the postdidactic students showed evidence of primarily skeptic stances, with the emergence of rationalist views. Implications for occupational therapy theory, education, and research are discussed. PMID:25397935

Mitchell, Anita Witt



Stress and cardiometabolic manifestations among Saudi students entering universities: a cross-sectional observational study  

PubMed Central

Background In this observational study, we aimed to see whether transition in Saudi students entering university life could be a breeding stage for cardiometabolic risk factor emergence and clustering. Methods A total of 1878 apparently healthy Saudi students of the Preparatory Year, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA (1112 men and 766 women) spanning 2 academic years were included. They were divided into 2 groups based on the validated perceived stress test (PST). Anthropometrics were obtained and fasting blood samples were collected for measurement of fasting blood glucose and a lipid profile. Results PST score (>27) considered indicative of stress was noted in 44.4% of students. The prevalence of this score was higher in women than in men (49.7% versus 40.7%). The prevalence of obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia was significantly higher in men than women (p?students entering universities. This study sheds light on the social responsibility of universities in promoting a healthy lifestyle, particularly in this age group, when exposure to different kinds of stressors may result in body weight and metabolic changes. PMID:24755010



Motivations to nurse: an exploration of what motivates students in Pacific Island countries to enter nursing.  


The aim of this study was to explore the motivations of student nurses enrolled in nursing courses across a variety of Pacific Island countries. The image of nursing, the desire to help others, family and friends in the profession, personal experience, security, travel opportunities and flexibility have all been identified as motivators for people to enter nursing. To date, what motivates students in Pacific Island countries to enrol in a nursing course has not been investigated. An exploratory qualitative approach using focus group interviews with 152 nursing students was undertaken. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis, revealing four themes: (i) helping others; (ii) 'making a difference for my people'; (iii) following in the footsteps of others; and (iv) financial and professional gain. In a time of health and nursing workforce shortages, developing a deeper understanding of what drives people can be used to improve recruitment strategies in the future. PMID:24093735

Usher, Kim; West, Caryn; Macmanus, Mary; Waqa, Silina; Stewart, Lee; Henry, Renee; Lindsay, David; Conaglen, Jo; Hall, Julianne; McAuliffe, Marie; Redman-MacLaren, Michelle



DIRECTIONS TO OCHR SAN DIEGO Students and Vendors needing a temporary vehicle pass, must enter through the Main Gate  

E-print Network

DIRECTIONS TO OCHR SAN DIEGO Students and Vendors needing a temporary vehicle pass, must enter to the Base Access Requirements handout. DIRECTIONS TO OCHR SAN DIEGO OPERATIONS CENTER FROM THE ENTRY GATES Main (East) Gate to OCHR San Diego Upon entering the main gate via Miramar Way, proceed straight


Students Entering and Leaving Postsecondary Occupational Education: 1995-2001. Statistical Analysis Report. NCES 2007-041  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses data from the 1995-96 to 2001 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study to examine three questions concerning students pursuing postsecondary certificates or associate's degrees in career related fields (referred to here as occupational students): (1) who enters postsecondary occupational education? (2) to what extent do…

Hudson, Lisa; Kienzl, Gregory; Diehl, Juliet



The impact of a freshman academy on science performance of first-time ninth-grade students at one Georgia high school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this within-group experimental study was to find out to what extent ninth-grade students improved their science performance beyond their middle school science performance at one Georgia high school utilizing a freshman academy model. Freshman academies have been recognized as a useful tool for increasing academic performance among ninth-grade students because they address a range of academic support initiatives tailored to improve academic performance among ninth-grade students. The talent development model developed by Legters, Balfanz, Jordan, and McPartland (2002) has served as a foundational standard for many ninth grade academy programs. A cornerstone feature of this model is the creation of small learning communities used to increase ninth-grade student performance. Another recommendation was to offer credit recovery opportunities for ninth graders along with creating parent and community involvement activities to increase academic success among ninth-grade students. While the site's program included some of the initiatives outlined by the talent development model, it did not utilize all of them. The study concluded that the academy did not show a definitive increase in academic performance among ninth-grade students since most students stayed within their original performance category.

Daniel, Vivian Summerour


Medical Student Immunization Requirements Entering medical students are required to show  

E-print Network

. · Proof of immunity through blood titer or vaccination to Varicella. Up-to-date Tetanus. · TETANUS/PERTUSSIS: All students must show proof of vaccination for Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis dose of Tdap (Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis). Students whose last dose of tetanus

He, Chuan


Visiting Medical Student Immunization Requirements Entering medical students are required to show  

E-print Network

), and Hepatitis B. · Proof of immunity through blood titer or vaccination to Varicella. Up-to-date Tetanus. · TETANUS/PERTUSSIS: All students must show proof of vaccination for Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis dose of Tdap (Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis). Students whose last dose of tetanus

He, Chuan


Cognitive Profile of Students Who Enter Higher Education with an Indication of Dyslexia  

PubMed Central

For languages other than English there is a lack of empirical evidence about the cognitive profile of students entering higher education with a diagnosis of dyslexia. To obtain such evidence, we compared a group of 100 Dutch-speaking students diagnosed with dyslexia with a control group of 100 students without learning disabilities. Our study showed selective deficits in reading and writing (effect sizes for accuracy between d?=?1 and d?=?2), arithmetic (d?1), and phonological processing (d>0.7). Except for spelling, these deficits were larger for speed related measures than for accuracy related measures. Students with dyslexia also performed slightly inferior on the KAIT tests of crystallized intelligence, due to the retrieval of verbal information from long-term memory. No significant differences were observed in the KAIT tests of fluid intelligence. The profile we obtained agrees with a recent meta-analysis of English findings suggesting that it generalizes to all alphabetic languages. Implications for special arrangements for students with dyslexia in higher education are outlined. PMID:22719864

Brysbaert, Marc



[Meaning of the death/dying process for entering nursing students].  


This is a qualitative study, based on Heidegger's existential phenomenology, with the purpose of revealing the meaning of death/dying for freshmen students of the nursing program. The study was developed in a public university in the northwest of Paraná, Brazil between August and October 2010, and 33 entering students from a Nursing program were interviewed. The following existential themes emerged from the phenomenological analysis: "Understanding death as a difficult process to be understood"; "Understanding death as a natural process"; and "Perceiving death as a passage to another life". The present study allowed to understand that knowledge and death are entangled in the temporality and the historicity of every being, which requires a scientific, ethical and philosophical understanding of the death/dying phenomenon so that the scholar may prepare for the humanized care of the patient and his/her family. PMID:23781739

Benedetti, Gabriella Michel dos Santos; de Oliveira, Kézia; de Oliveira, William Tiago; Sales, Catarina Aparecida; Ferreira, Patrícia Chatalov



Predicting Persistence for First-Time Undergraduate Adult Students at Four-Year Institutions Using First-Term Academic Behaviors and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2011, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) reported that, in the 24 to 54 age range, the United States ranked thirty-fourth among all for individuals with a postsecondary credential. For the United States to increase in rank, adult students, who are projected to increase by 1.9 million in postsecondary enrollment by…

Davidson, J. Cody; Holbrook, Wesley T.



Announcement of the "Master Your Idea" Challenge 2010 For the first time, Lund University is inviting Bachelor's students from around the world to  

E-print Network

idea and how it could be commercialised. The pitch can focus on any type of solution. The winners in Entrepreneurship (tuition and application fees are paid by the winner) Master Your Idea Challenge 2010 ­ key dates Jungegård Senior Lecturer Head of International CEO Lund University Marketing & Recruitment Student

Wu, Yih-Min


The Impact of a Freshman Academy on Science Performance of First-Time Ninth-Grade Students at One Georgia High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this within-group experimental study was to find out to what extent ninth-grade students improved their science performance beyond their middle school science performance at one Georgia high school utilizing a freshman academy model. Freshman academies have been recognized as a useful tool for increasing academic performance among…

Daniel, Vivian Summerour



Not Graduating In Six Years: Characteristics of First-time Full-time College Students Who Drop Out Late And Who Stay Long  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student retention, persistence, and graduation have been essential issues in contemporary American higher education. In recent years, the public and public policy makers have been particularly concerned with the measure of six-year graduation rates. However, there does not seem to be an adequate amount of statistically rigorous research with a specific focus on six-year graduation rate, though some national studies

Yanli Ma



Black Leaders' Attitudes toward the Desirability of Black Students' Entering and Completing Vocational Education Programs. A National Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a national study to help assure that programs meet the legislative mandate and are socially responsive to black students' needs, federal vocational education administrators surveyed black leaders. Respondants included 1,252 persons. The first of three major survey questions--"Is it desirable for black students to enter and complete vocational…

Randolph, Harland


Why do students from related professions choose not to enter speech-language pathology?  


This paper provides insight into the reasons why students from similar undergraduate professional preparation programs (education and allied health) choose not to enter the speech-language pathology (SLP) program. A survey was conducted with students of education (n = 162), occupational therapy (n = 139), physiotherapy (n = 49) and social work (n = 64). Qualitative and quantitative analyses suggested that many of the students did not know about the speech-language pathology profession at the time when they selected their career or they had a limited knowledge of the scope of professional practice (e.g., identified SLP as too specific) and this may have influenced their decision making. These findings, along with recent research in regard to the factors that influence career choice in SLP, inform the SLP profession of the need for increased public education about the profession. Further, this increased need for public education becomes more vital as the profession prepares to ensure adequate number of SLPs for future service delivery in the face of increased service demands and SLP shortages. PMID:20590519

Byrne, Nicole



Dear New/Re-Entering UNO Student: On behalf of the staff of Student Health Services, welcome to the University of New Orleans.  

E-print Network

for your personal record. H RETURN THIS FORM TO: University of New Orleans Student Health Services 238Dear New/Re-Entering UNO Student: On behalf of the staff of Student Health Services, welcome of the Louisiana State Health Department: 1. Diphtheria-Tetanus (DT) immunizations in the last ten years. 2. If you

Kulp, Mark


Fall 1975 Entering Students in Fall 1977: A Comparison of Continuing and Non-Continuing Students at the Beginning of Their Fifth Semester. Student Flow Project, Report No. 34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on student flow in the seven Hawaii community colleges, this report analyzes fall 1975 entering students in their fifth semester. Of a total of 8,979 entering students in fall 1975, 2,342 were registered in fall 1977, and 1,844 had been continuously enrolled over the five semesters. The continuation rate from the previous semester…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.


Profile of Entering Students: A Comparison of New Full-Time Students, Fall, 1981, 1982 and 1983. Technical Report 84-06.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to analyze and compare groups of full-time students entering Mercer County Community College (MCCC) in fall 1981, 1982, and 1983 to identify any longitudinal differences, similarities or trends among them. Study data were derived from MCCC's student database, which contains basic demographic information on all enrolled…

McMaster, Anne


Engineering Physics (For students entering the College 2009-10) It is the student's responsibility to ensure that their program and necessary prerequisites are correct  

E-print Network

can be taken in either term. Treat MATH 238 as MATH 224 EN Two Year Common Core EN Three Year Common- 499 & GEOE200-499 & ME200-499 & CHEM200-499 & GEOL200-499 & PHYS200-499 : Common Core classes #12;Engineering Physics (For students entering the College 2009-10) It is the student's responsibility

Saskatchewan, University of


Engineering Physics (For students entering the College 2010-11) It is the student's responsibility to ensure that their program and necessary prerequisites are correct  

E-print Network

be taken in either term. Treat MATH 238 as MATH 224 EN Two Year Common Core EN Three Year Common Core 45 CU-499 & ME200-499 & CHEM200-499 & GEOL200-499 & PHYS200-499 : Common Core classes PHYS 371 #12;Engineering Physics (For students entering the College 2010-11) It is the student's responsibility

Saskatchewan, University of


Special Education Minor The Minor in Special Education is intended for students who plan to enter a graduate  

E-print Network

Special Education Minor The Minor in Special Education is intended for students who plan to enter a graduate teacher education program and be licensed to teach Special Education. While the minor is not a requirement for admission to the PSU Graduate School of Education, Special Education Program (SPED), it does


The University of Winnipeg has a variety of financial assistance for all students entering the University for the first time. Some of the awards are automatically given to students based on  

E-print Network

with a disability: Learning ____ Physical ____ Mental ____ First Nations (Status) ____ First Nations (Non, what is the expected amount of the loan? $ ______________ What are your expected summer savings? $ ______________ What are the expected contributions from parents/family members? $ ______________ If applicable, what

Martin, Jeff


Successful Hispanic Male First-Time-In-College Students at a Community College in South Texas: Experiences That Facilitate Fall First-Term Student Persistence Through Official Reporting Date  

E-print Network

for students, recommendations for colleges and universities serving Hispanic male students, recommendations for the focal community college, and implications for the theoretical model utilized. The researcher recommended expanding this research to other...

Serrata, William



Entering Youth Justice: Comparing the Views of Human Services and Criminology Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper explores how undergraduate students who are relatively new to the field of youth justice conceptualise their possible future work roles. The research compared the views of students who were commencing two undergraduate courses (subjects) concerned with working with young people. One course was taken by human services students and the other was taken by criminology students. Findings

Kerry Wimshurst; Troy Allard



Entering Dystopia, Entering Erewhon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abandon hope all ye who enter here: a society cannot be truly dystopian if travellers can come and go freely. Anti-utopias and 'satirical Utopias' - that is, societies considered perfect by their advocates but not by the implied reader - must be well-regulate d enough to prevent the possible disruption caused by a visitor. There is no exit at all

Patrick Parrinder



Developing Peer Mentoring Support for TAFE Students Entering 1Year University Early Childhood Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

At Queensland University of Technology (QUT, Australia), in the Bachelor of Education (BEd) (Early Childhood) (EC), Technical and Further Education (TAFE) students with a diploma enroll with advanced standing (1 year’s credit). These students share many challenges faced by 1st-year university students—workload, technology, academic orientation, and application. They also experience feelings of isolation and uncertainty in dealing with the “university

Ann Heirdsfield; Sue Walker; Kerryann Walsh



Gender-group differences in the learning behaviour of entering first-year university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the existence of structural gender differences in the learning behaviour of first-year students on entry to university, based on responses to an extended form of the Approaches to Studying Inventory. The focus is on underlying dimensions of variation, that distinguish between the manner in which male and female students recalled and reported on their most recent experience

J. H. F. Meyer



Graduation Rates for Athletes and Other Students Who Entered College in 1991-92.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduation rates for scholarship athletes and all students at 307 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutions are tabulated. Data are for students who enrolled in 1990-91 and 1991-92 and graduated within six years, and are broken out for white men, black men, white women, and black women. (MSE)

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1998



How to Motivate Students to Study before They Enter the Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory exercises constitute an important part of chemical and biochemical courses at the university level. Nevertheless, students frequently are insufficiently prepared for the practical work, which often reduces their work to the level of a technician. A system designed to motivate students to study prior to the laboratory exercise was…

Pogacnik, Lea; Cigic, Blaz



Educational Choices and Expectations of Male Students Entering a Midwestern University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research, which was undertaken in conjunction with a larger project to study American colleges of agriculture, was concerned with: the relative importance that male freshmen students of 1964 assigned to reasons for enrolling in the University; the process by which they arrive at these decisions; whether types of student orientations could be…

Lionberger, Herbert F.; And Others



Instructions for Student Bill Paying 1. Enter the following URL  

E-print Network

may use the form below to submit a payment for all or part of your semester balance for a selected" 5. To review bill and make a payment University Bill Student ID Student Name Hours Fee Type option, by clicking on the "Make a Payment" button at the bottom of this screen. Please note

Duchowski, Andrew T.


The Decline of Students Entering Engineering & Other Technical Fields in the United States  

E-print Network

The United States is nearing an engineering crisis. The need for technical professionals is growing rapidly and universities are unable to meet the demand due to declining enrollment. Students are coming out of high ...

Roos, Sara




E-print Network

______________________________________________________________________________________________ Number Street City State Zip List Colleges attended since leaving Northwestern: COLLEGE CITY STATE FROMOFFICE USE ID: DATE: HOLDS: Evanston, IL 60208 APPLICATION FOR FORMER STUDENT TO RE _________________________________________________________________________________________ Number Street City State Zip Home Phone _________________________ Business Phone

Mohseni, Hooman


Guide to International Academic Standards for Athletics Eligibility for Students Entering Fall 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "NCAA Guide to International Academic Standards for Athletics Eligibility" provides specific criteria to be used as a guide in reviewing the initial eligibility (graduation, core curriculum, grade-point average and ACT/SAT test scores) of students who have completed any portion of their secondary education in a non-United States educational…

Mills, Lisa; Nguyen, Binh; Auten, Lisa



The Adult Learner in Nontraditional Programs. Entering Characteristics of Empire State College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More adult learners than ever are enrolling in postsecondary education. A review of literature found that more than half of all college undergraduates are women, one of six is a member of a minority group, two of five are over the age of 25, and fewer than three in five are full-time students. A study at Empire State College showed that their…

State Univ. of New York, Saratoga Springs. Empire State Coll.


Predictors of Success for Students Entering Graduate School on a Probationary Basis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine which combination of criteria would accurately predict the success of students in graduate education who began their graduate studies on probationary admission status. Variables examined included grade point average (GPA) after 9 hours of graduate coursework, Graduate Record Examination (GRE) verbal, quantitative,…

Nelson, Jacquelyn S.; Nelson, C. Van


Students Hearing Impaired from the 1963-1965 Rubella Epidemic Begin to Enter College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of the postsecondary qualifications among 8,000 or more children born hearing impaired as a result of the 1963-65 rubella epidemic revealed a favorable prognosis for postsecondary education for many rubella students graduating from secondary programs in 1983, l984, and l985. (Author/CL)

Stuckless, E. Ross; Walter, Gerard G.



MSc/Postgraduate Diploma/Postgraduate Certificate in Atmosphere, Ocean and For students entering in 2010  

E-print Network

1 MSc/Postgraduate Diploma/Postgraduate Certificate in Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate For students of the atmosphere and oceans C 10 7 MTMW15 Extratropical weather systems O 10 7 MTMG16 Climate change O 10 7 MTMW20 the qualification Chartered Meteorologist. Summary of programme aims The aim of the Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate

Hogan, Robin


Entering the World of Work: A Curriculum for Two-Year Technical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that students in two-year technical programs need courses that train them in job and job-hunting skills. The transition from school to work can be difficult, and a job-skills class can prepare them for some of the changes inherent in the process. Itemizes job search strategies. (NB)

McClung, Xavier V.



Black Leaders' Attitudes Toward the Desirability of Black Students' Entering and Completing Vocational Education Programs. A National Study [Highlights and Recommendations].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national survey of black leaders was conducted by federal vocational education administrators to help assure that programs meet the legislative mandate and are socially responsive to black students' needs. The first of three major survey questions--"Is it desirable for black students to enter and complete vocational education programs?"--was…

Randolph, Harland


Whatever Happened to the Class of 1994? A Three-Year Longitudinal Study of Traditional Freshmen Entering Frederick Community College in the Fall 1994 Semester.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional freshmen, or first-time students who enter college immediately after graduating high school, represent the largest identifiable group of students within Frederick Community College's (FCC) student body. They are afforded a considerable amount of resources from college staff, and for them the college follows various measurements of…

Holton, James M.


Perceived stress scores among Saudi students entering universities: a prospective study during the first year of university life.  


In this prospective study we wanted to determine whether perceived stress over time among students in the Preparatory Year of King Saud University (KSU) predisposes them to cardiometabolic abnormalities. A total of 110 apparently healthy Saudi students (35 men and 75 women enrolled during the 2010-2011 academic year) were included. Perceived stress was determined at baseline and 1 year later. Anthropometrics were obtained and morning fasting serum glucose, lipid profile and cortisol were measured at both times. Perceived stress was noted among 48.2% of subjects at baseline and was not significantly different after follow-up, with 45.4% scoring high. In men, the prevalence of perceived stress was 48.6% at baseline (13 out of 35) and 37.1% at follow-up (13 out of 35), while in women it was 48% at baseline and 49.3% at follow-up. Interestingly, significant improvements in the blood pressure and lipid profiles, with the exception of HDL-cholesterol, were observed in both men and women, while fasting glucose also improved in women. Serum cortisol was inversely associated to fasting glucose, and total- and LDL-cholesterol (p-values 0.007, 0.04 and 0.04, respectively). These data are opposite to findings in students entering Western universities, in whom increasing stress and a deteriorating cardiometabolic profile have been repeatedly noted. Perceived stress and morning cortisol levels among students of the Preparatory Year in KSU remained constant for both genders over time, yet an improved cardiometabolic profile was observed, suggesting good adaptation among our pre-college students in their first year of university life. PMID:24727357

Al-Daghri, Nasser M; Al-Othman, Abdulaziz; Albanyan, Abdulmajeed; Al-Attas, Omar S; Alokail, Majed S; Sabico, Shaun; Chrousos, George P



Perceived Stress Scores among Saudi Students Entering Universities: A Prospective Study during the First Year of University Life  

PubMed Central

In this prospective study we wanted to determine whether perceived stress over time among students in the Preparatory Year of King Saud University (KSU) predisposes them to cardiometabolic abnormalities. A total of 110 apparently healthy Saudi students (35 men and 75 women enrolled during the 2010?2011 academic year) were included. Perceived stress was determined at baseline and 1 year later. Anthropometrics were obtained and morning fasting serum glucose, lipid profile and cortisol were measured at both times. Perceived stress was noted among 48.2% of subjects at baseline and was not significantly different after follow-up, with 45.4% scoring high. In men, the prevalence of perceived stress was 48.6% at baseline (13 out of 35) and 37.1% at follow-up (13 out of 35), while in women it was 48% at baseline and 49.3% at follow-up. Interestingly, significant improvements in the blood pressure and lipid profiles, with the exception of HDL-cholesterol, were observed in both men and women, while fasting glucose also improved in women. Serum cortisol was inversely associated to fasting glucose, and total- and LDL-cholesterol (p-values 0.007, 0.04 and 0.04, respectively). These data are opposite to findings in students entering Western universities, in whom increasing stress and a deteriorating cardiometabolic profile have been repeatedly noted. Perceived stress and morning cortisol levels among students of the Preparatory Year in KSU remained constant for both genders over time, yet an improved cardiometabolic profile was observed, suggesting good adaptation among our pre-college students in their first year of university life. PMID:24727357

Al-Daghri, Nasser M.; Al-Othman, Abdulaziz; Albanyan, Abdulmajeed; Al-Attas, Omar S.; Alokail, Majed S.; Sabico, Shaun; Chrousos, George P.



Emporiatric enteritis: lessons learned from U.S. students in Mexico.  

PubMed Central

In the studies reported, evidence has been presented that U.S. students traveling to Mexico represent a model for the study of travelers' diarrhea. The incidence of illness acquisition approximates that published in other studies of travelers. Natural immunity was shown to develop as students remained in Mexico presumably through repeated exposure to prevalent agents, particularly ETEC. ETEC, shigella strains and no detectable agent represented the largest groups when etiologic assessment was made. Food probably served as the important source of diarrhea particularly that due to ETEC and shigella strains. The level of bacteria isolated from food suggested that organism replication occurred due to improper temperature storage rather than to heavy initial contamination. The location of food consumption was related to degree of risk: self preparation was the safest, eating in Mexican homes the least safe and consumption of food in public restaurants was intermediate in risk. Water probably played a role in the transmission of viral infection. The risk of water contamination appeared to be highest during the rainy seasons. Finally, the antimicrobial agents TMP/SMX and TMP alone were shown to effectively prevent and treat this form of travelers' diarrhea. PMID:3837965

Dupont, H. L.; Ericsson, C. D.; Dupont, M. W.



Entering Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a short story of the authors, who show how they have "entered research", that is, entered the earliest conception of research and the early formation of research collaboration. As the authors worked together, they realised they had common concerns and life experiences. Each proudly identifies as working class Australian, each…

Lawless, Ann; Sedorkin, Barbara



The Academic and Remedial Placement of Students Entering B. C. C. in September 1975 by Curriculum Group. Research Report BCC-9-75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the Bronx Community College (B.C.C.) freshmen class entering in September 1975, in terms of high school grade average and scores on reading-English and mathematics placement tests. As of the fall of 1974, B.C.C. enrolled a markedly higher proportion of students with high school averages below 70 percent than any other college…

Bronx Community Coll., NY.


Business Degree Checklist 2012-2013 Students entering Upper Division Status Fall 2012 or later should use this checklist; those admitted  

E-print Network

Business Degree Checklist 2012-2013 Students entering Upper Division Status Fall 2012 or later for their catalog year Consult your University of Utah Degree Audit Report (DARS) each semester PRE-BUSINESS CORE) Survey of Accounting I BUS 1050 (3) Foundations of Business ECON 2010 (3) Microeconomics (BUS 2010

Feschotte, Cedric


Radiation enteritis  


Radiation enteropathy; Radiation-induced small bowel injury; Post-radiation enteritis ... Radiation therapy uses high-powered x-rays, particles, or radioactive seeds to kill cancer cells. The therapy ...


Weaving a Bridge of Sense: Students' Narrative Constructions as a Lens for Understanding Students' Coping with the Gap between Expectancies and Experiences When Entering Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows how the application of narrative methodology brings new insights into understanding students' choices and their experiences upon entering a higher education programme. The point of departure is a study of a cohort of 38 students followed over a three-year period from when they were about to finish upper-secondary school in…

Ulriksen, Lars; Holmegaard, Henriette Tolstrup; Moller, Lene



Satisfying and stressful experiences of first-time federal grantees.  


A survey of 34 first-time federal grantees about the satisfying and stressful experiences related to administration and non-scientific aspects of their projects resulted in four major categories of satisfaction (Personal-Social, Material-Career, Impact on School and University, Clinical) and seven categories of stress (Budget, Personnel, Equipment, Access to subjects, Fatigue, Inadequate administrative and peer support, and the Grant cycle itself). Satisfiers were more enduring and profound than the stressors, and their effects often reached beyond the investigator to the university, clinical site and profession. Useful information for new investigators and doctoral students was identified. PMID:1541471

Jacobson, S F; O'Brien, M E



Core personal competencies important to entering students' success in medical school: what are they and how could they be assessed early in the admission process?  


Assessing applicants' personal competencies in the admission process has proven difficult because there is not an agreed-on set of personal competencies for entering medical students. In addition, there are questions about the measurement properties and costs of currently available assessment tools. The Association of American Medical College's Innovation Lab Working Group (ILWG) and Admissions Initiative therefore engaged in a multistep, multiyear process to identify personal competencies important to entering students' success in medical school as well as ways to measure them early in the admission process. To identify core personal competencies, they conducted literature reviews, surveyed U.S and Canadian medical school admission officers, and solicited input from the admission community. To identify tools with the potential to provide data in time for pre-interview screening, they reviewed the higher education and employment literature and evaluated tools' psychometric properties, group differences, risk of coaching/faking, likely applicant and admission officer reactions, costs, and scalability. This process resulted in a list of nine core personal competencies rated by stakeholders as very or extremely important for entering medical students: ethical responsibility to self and others; reliability and dependability; service orientation; social skills; capacity for improvement; resilience and adaptability; cultural competence; oral communication; and teamwork. The ILWG's research suggests that some tools hold promise for assessing personal competencies, but the authors caution that none are perfect for all situations. They recommend that multiple tools be used to evaluate information about applicants' personal competencies in deciding whom to interview. PMID:23524928

Koenig, Thomas W; Parrish, Samuel K; Terregino, Carol A; Williams, Joy P; Dunleavy, Dana M; Volsch, Joseph M



Storrs Campus Entering Class  

E-print Network

Storrs Campus Freshmen Entering Class of: Retention After 1 yr. 2 year Retention 3 year Retention Please Note: Retention percentages include early graduates. Fall 2005 93 88 86 83 Graduation rates are calculated according to Federal Fall 2004 92 85 83 81 Student Right to Know legislation and the NCAA Fall

Holsinger, Kent


Storrs Campus Entering Class  

E-print Network

Storrs Campus Freshmen Entering Class of: Retention After 1 yr. 2 year Retention 3 year Retention: Retention percentages include early graduates. Fall 2005 93 88 86 Graduation rates are calculated according to Federal Fall 2004 92 85 83 81 Student Right to Know legislation and the NCAA Fall 2003 90 84 80 78

Holsinger, Kent


Critical elements affecting retention of first-time, full-time freshmen at Tennessee State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colleges and universities, including Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) such as Tennessee State University (TSU), place a significant emphasis on student retention. However, to be successful, these institutions need to examine critical elements affecting the retention of their first-time, full-time freshman students. The purpose of this study was to focus on critical elements affecting retention rates of first-time, full-time

Joseph Perry



The development of a diagnostic instrument to investigate entering competency levels of students in university introductory biology  

E-print Network

/ Composition Program. Prior to this study students were placed at random into the remedial English compostion courses on the basis of their scores on the American College Testing Program (ACT) test and high school record. Students whose scores fell beneath.../ Composition Program. Prior to this study students were placed at random into the remedial English compostion courses on the basis of their scores on the American College Testing Program (ACT) test and high school record. Students whose scores fell beneath...

Souchek, Russell Douglas



Enteral nutrition.  


Enteral nutrition (EN) is defined as the delivery of nutrients beyond the oesophagus via feeding tubes, and the oral intake of dietary foods for special medical purposes. It should be provided in patients with at least a partially functioning gut, whose energy and nutrient needs cannot be met by a regular food intake. Further indications are when the liquid diet is used as a treatment of the disease, and when a feeding time in the disabled child is excessively prolonged. Advantages of enteral intake over parenteral nutrition are well recognized, however there are clinical settings such as intensive care units where nutritional needs can often be met only by their combination despite the functioning gut. For the majority of paediatric patients on EN, age-adapted standard polymeric formula enriched with fibres is an appropriate choice. There is also a wide array of different disease-adapted enteral formulations that may be beneficial in certain clinical conditions, however for most of them, results of controlled studies are either missing or do not support the claims. For the delivery of EN, both the stomach and intermittent feeding mode are more physiological; continuous mode is reserved for patients with severely diseased gut, postpyloric feeding is indicated in patients with the high risk of tracheal aspiration, and feeding over gastrostomy is preferable if the anticipated duration of EN is exceeding 4-6 weeks. Although EN is a well-established and effective feeding method, it may be poorly tolerated and associated with numerous complications. To minimize the risks, development of procedural protocols with regular quality controls and audits, and monitoring by a dedicated nutrition support team are recommended. PMID:24029791

Kola?ek, Sanja



NCAA Divisions II and III Enrollment and Persistence Rates Report, 1997. Enrollment and Persistence Rates Data (1991-92 and 1995-96 Entering Classes). Undergraduate-Enrollment Data (Fall 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents both aggregate and individual reports of data submitted by National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division II and III institutions. A persistence rate is based on a comparison of the number of students who entered a college or university as first-time, full-time students in a given year and the number who…

National Collegiate Athletic Association, Overland Park, KS.


An Investigation of the Relationship Between Selected Student Entering Characteristics and Time Required to Achieve Unit Mastery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship betwee n a composite of student entry characteristics--unit pretest score, number of skills to be mastered in the unit, the student's intelligence quotient and age, units previously mastered--and the amount of time required to complete one of four units of D or E level mathematics was investigated. Beta weights for the regression…

Yeager, John L.; Kissel, Mary Ann


Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among medical students entering clinical training: a three year prospective questionnaire and interview-based study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Mental distress among medical students is often reported. Burnout has not been studied frequently and studies using interviewer-rated diagnoses as outcomes are rarely employed. The objective of this prospective study of medical students was to examine clinically significant psychiatric morbidity and burnout at 3rd year of medical school, considering personality and study conditions measured at 1st year. METHODS: Questionnaires

Marie E Dahlin; Bo Runeson



Transfer Credit Evaluation of Students Entering Simon Fraser University from B.C. Colleges during the Calendar Year 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report shows how Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada, evaluated transfer credit for those students who transferred from colleges or university colleges in British Columbia in 1998. Transcript analysis of approximately 400 students revealed that they successfully transferred 85.2% of the credits they earned at college. On average, 8.3 earned…

Heilmeier, Sonja; Heath, Nick


Residence of First-Time Freshmen in Institutions of Higher Education, Fall 1986. Survey Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrative and statistical summaries are presented of the results of the 1986 Residence of First-Time Student survey, which is conducted as part of the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System by the National Center for Education Statistics. The analysis is based on data reported on degree-seeking students by the 2,743 colleges and…

National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.


Student Loan Defaults and Enrollment Persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the authors estimate a model of student loan defaults using a rich panel data file constructed by merging administrative data on student loans, higher education enrollment and performance, and ACT test data for a large cohort of first time, full-time, degree-seeking students who entered Missouri 2- and 4-year public higher education institutions in Fall 1992. These students

Michael Podgursky; Ryan Monroe


Assessment of Language/Study Skills of Students Entering the B.Ed. (Vocational) Part-Time Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of a B.Ed. (Vocational) part-time program at McGill University (Canada) was conducted to assess the language and study skills of students in the initial phase of the program, to identify skills deemed necessary for a successful completion of the program, to provide language/study skill instruction within the course framework, and to make…

Cook, Donna Logsdon


DSP Scholarship (Dean's Scholarship) Awarded to entering 1st year student dentists based on prior academic qualifications, the Dental Admissions  

E-print Network

restorative dentistry. Essay and interview are required, and committee will select recipient(s). Sharon K involvement in student and/or community life. UK College of Dentistry Alumni Scholarship Awarded to a 4th year by the faculty from Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine. UK College of Dentistry Faculty Scholarship Awarded to a 2

Hayes, Jane E.



Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact of the statewide mandatory implementation of increased standards with the enactment of the Recognizing Achievement in Secondary Education (RAISE) Bill in the state of Florida as it related to improved performance on standardized entry?level tests for community college students. The RAISE Bill, implemented in 1987, increased academic requirements and graduation requirements for all high school

O. G. Wingo



ConnectionA publication for family members of new students entering Texas A&M Fall 2014 OFFICES OF THE DEAN OF STUDENT LIFE  

E-print Network

& Family Programs #12;Success in the First Year of College � Encourage your student's independence. � Be aware of signs that indicate your student is under significant stress, taking unhealthy risks or ill You Too: An Off-to-College Guide for Parents and Students Bane and Bane, 2006 Letting Go: A Parent

Behmer, Spencer T.


Charting Pathways to Completion for Low-Income Community College Students. CCRC Working Paper No. 34  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses administrative data from Washington State to chart the educational pathways of first-time community college students over seven years, with a focus on young, socioeconomically disadvantaged students. Of particular interest are the rates at which students enter a course of study (by passing multiple college-level courses within a…

Jenkins, Davis; Weiss, Madeline Joy



The Handicapped Student in America's Colleges: A Longitudinal Analysis. Part 1. Disabled 1978 College Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses of approximately 5,000 disabled freshmen who, when they entered college as first-time, full-time students in 1978, completed the Student Information Form (SIF) comprise this longitudinal study of the disabled student in higher education. Contents are as follows: (1) Introduction (overview, methodology, and sample); (2) Comparisons by…

Lawrence, Judith K.; And Others


Google has just launched a great initiative for students called The AdMob Student App Challenge and you have an opportunity to enter!  

E-print Network

Hello, Google has just launched a great initiative for students called The AdMob Student App, California. What is it? AdMob is a Google-owned platform for app developers to help them earn income by showing ads in their mobile apps. The goal of the Challenge is to build a great app, learn how to use Ad

Tessler, Nir


Interactive Television Pointers from Three First Time Presenters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three professors from the Harrison College of Business at Southeast Missouri State University were first-time presenters of a new ITV (interactive television) initiative at the college. This paper is an introduction to their experiences, including drawbacks and limitations of the experiences and tips for other first-time presenters. A common…

Buckenmyer, James A.; Kunz, David A.; Sterrett, Jack L.


Entering Fall One Year Retention 2006 Cohort  

E-print Network

Entering Fall One Year Retention 2011 88% 2006 Cohort Total Entering 2,913 % Graduating in Six Students 80% Sources: CSRDE-Consortium for Student Retention Data Exchange; Financial Aid Office Note-Year Graduation Rate by Gender, by Ethnicity and by Financial Aid Status Retention and Graduation Rates Six


Acute encephalopathy associated with Campylobacter jejuni enteritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present for the first time a case of acute encephalopathy in an adult patient induced by Campylobacter jejuni enteritis. Possible pathogenic mechanisms and importance of neuropsychological testing in the assessment of infection-related\\u000a encephalopathy are discussed.

Dragan LepurVjerislav; Vjerislav Peterkovi?; Sanja Belak Kova?evi?; Klaudija Viškovi?; Nevija Kalabri? Lepur; Marko Kutleša


Migration of Undergraduate First-Time Transfers: Snapshot Analysis 2006-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commission on Higher Education had a student intern from USC-Columbia initiate an analysis of data on the migration of undergraduate first-time transfers to compare trends, growth, and proportions of transfers to and from various sectors and institution types over a three-year period, from 2006-2008. Staff have refined the analysis and…

South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2010



The Academic and Remedial Placement Profile of Students Entering B.C.C. in September, 1976 [and September 1977] by Curriculum Group. Research Report BCC 4-76 [and] 4-77.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles of freshmen students entering Bronx Community College (BCC) in September, 1976 and September, 1977 are presented in terms of their academic and remedial placement. For both years, nearly 70% of those who took placement tests in the reading/English area and subsequently enrolled were recommended for at least one remedial course; 75% of…

Eagle, Norman


Turnover of First-Time Chairs in Departments of Psychiatry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors examine the tenure of first-time Chairs in academic departments of psychiatry in order to stimulate discussion on extant workforce and leadership issues. Method: Data on tenure of Chairs in psychiatry and other nonsurgical specialties were derived from the longitudinal database of the Association of American Medical Colleges…

Buckley, Peter F.; Rayburn, William F.



Entry Strategies of First-Time High School Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the first things that a new principal does during the first few months on the job, an intensive case study was conducted of 12 first-time high school principals in Florida, Virginia, Missouri, and Colorado. Each beginning principal was assigned a research team member who conducted on-site visits, reviewed documentation regarding the…

Hall, Gene E.; Mani, M. N. G.


Health and Safety Intervention with First-Time Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A health education program was evaluated which used child development specialists as home visitors and served a population of first-time mothers living in rural communities. The evaluation compared health and safety outcomes between intervention and control groups. The research staff, separate from the intervention staff, collected data in the…

Culp, Anne McDonald; Culp, R. E.; Anderson, J. W.; Carter, S.




Microsoft Academic Search

First time entering students to the Faculty of Applied Sciences at the Cape T echnikon are characterised by having poor numeracy and problem solving skills coupled with poor attitudes to learning Physics, which is perceived to be a formula-driven, mathematical discipline. In response to this situation and in the light of declining p ass rates among Physics 1 students at




Machining automation: Doing it right the first time  

SciTech Connect

The implementation of a machining automation program and of the Allied-Signal efforts to Do it Right the First Time'' is presented. The automation program is a Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) for the machining and on-line inspection of a family of aluminum and stainless steel prismatic parts. The critical management and technical aspects found necessary to assure success in implementing large and risky automation programs are presented. The process being used is team based and has concentrated on involving the end users from the beginning.

Setter, D.L.



Chronic Radiation Enteritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic radiation enteritis is an increasing problem, as more patients receive radiotherapy as part of their cancer therapy and as the long-term survival of these patients improves. This review addresses the causes, investigation, treatment and prevention of this disease. A review of published studies was carried out using a variety of search terms, including radiation enteritis, investigation, treatment and prevention.

V. S. Theis; R. Sripadam; V. Ramani; S. Lal



Chloramphenicol resistant enteric fever.  


In recent times there have been several reports of chloramphenicol resistant enteric fever necessitating the use of other antimicrobial agents. Clinical profile of 15 chloramphenicol resistant patients of enteric fever was studied. Three such patients (20%) responded to chloramphenicol despite in vitro resistance to the drug. Hence chloramphenicol still remains the drug of first choice in enteric fever as a majority (68.4%--26 out of 38) of our bacteriologically proven enteric fever patients were cured by the drug. The remaining 12 cases responded satisfactorily to ciprofloxacin (46.7%), gentamicin (20%), and ofloxacin (13.3%). There was an increased incidence of complications among the 15 drug resistant cases as compared to 23 cases of chloramphenicol sensitive enteric fever observed during the same period. PMID:8491971

Chakravorty, B; Jain, N; Gupta, B; Rajvanshi, P; Sen, M K; Krishna, A



Hektoen Enteric Agar Protocol  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hektoen enteric agar is a selective and differential media for the recovery of enteric gram-negative rods from mixed microbiota.  The growth of gram-positive organisms and nonpathogenic enteric coliforms is inhibited through the use of bile salts and dyes, allowing intestinal pathogens, such as Salmonella and Shigella, to be more easily recovered.  The media can also differentiate between organisms that produce H2S and those that do not due to the presence of an iron-containing compound.  The use and interpretation of growth on this media is discussed in this protocol.

American Society For Microbiology;



Aquamarine waters recorded for first time in Eastern Bering Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the late summer of 1997, for the first time ever recorded, most of the continental shelf of the eastern Bering Sea was covered by aquamarine waters (Figure 1), resulting from a massive bloom of coccolithophores (Figure 2). Light reflecting off the calcium carbonate plates of the flagellated coccolithophores gave the water its anomalous color, which was first observed in July. The bloom was also clearly visible from space, as shown by some of the first images from the multispectral sea-viewing wide-field-of- view sensor (SeaWiFS) scanner in September.Light penetration into the water column, essential for primary production by diatoms and other phytoplankton, was markedly reduced. This shift potentially altered the trophic dynamics throughout the food web of one of world's most productive ecosystems.

Vance, T. C.; Schumacher, J. D.; Stabeno, P. J.; Baier, C. T.; Wyllie-Echeverria, T.; Tynan, C. T.; Brodeur, R. D.; Napp, J. M.; Coyle, K. O.; Decker, M. B.; Hunt, G. L., Jr.; Stockwell, D.; Whitledge, T. E.; Jump, M.; Zeeman, S.


Entering Adulthood: Balancing Stress for Success. A Curriculum for Grades 9-12. Contemporary Health Series. [Teacher's Guide and] Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides high school students with specific tools to develop insights, attitudes and life skills they need to meet life's challenges and covers critical health and family life topics. It is part of a series designed to provide educators with the curricular tools necessary to challenge students to take personal responsibility…

Hart, Susan J.


Entering Adulthood: Understanding Depression and Suicide. A Curriculum for Grades 9-12. Contemporary Health Series. [Teacher's Guide and] Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for high school students sensitively and expertly addresses the escalating social problem of suicide. This guide is part of a series designed to provide educators with the curricular tools necessary to challenge students to take personal responsibility for their health. With seven structured lessons, this teaching unit…

Burton, Nanette D.


Translating Success: How Careful Planning within a Problems-Based Curriculum Can Prepare Students to Enter College-Level Math Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amy Biehl High School (ABHS) is a charter high school located in downtown Albuquerque that serves students from Albuquerque and the surrounding communities. Despite its population's differences in skills, special needs, socioeconomic class, race, culture, and English proficiency, it has one common goal for all its students: that they are able to…

Fillmore, Jessica



An Analysis of an Educational Questionnaire Prepared to Discover in What Areas Essex County College Students Needed Counseling Before Entering College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational questionnaire was designed and administered to students at Essex County College. The questionnaire was divided into three areas: educational, vocational, and psychosocial. A total of 134 students returned the questionnaire. Their answers showed the areas in which they needed pre-entrance counseling to be in the following order of…

Coleman, Thomas R.


Differences in Computer Experiences, Computer Self-Efficacy, and Computer Knowledge of Undergraduate Students Entering a Land-Grant College of Agriculture by Gender and Year  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine if differences existed between selected computer experiences, computer self-efficacy, and computer knowledge based on gender and the year in which they enrolled in college among students in a land-grant college of agriculture between 1999 and 2001. The subjects consisted of students enrolled in AGED 1011, Agriculture Freshman Orientation, during the fall semesters

Donald M. Johnson; George W. Wardlow


Methodology and Implications of Statewide Success Rates of Community College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991, the Maryland State Board for Community Colleges developed the "success rate," a reporting index which combined graduation, transfer, and persistence rates. Success rate matrices were produced by tracking first-time, full-time students representing seven cohorts (1980 to 1986) over a 4-year period, and matching entering enrollment files…

McConochie, Daniel D.; Rajasekhara, Koosappa


Navigating College: A Handbook on Self Advocacy Written for Autistic Students from Autistic Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaving high school and going to college is complicated for everyone. But if you're a student on the autism spectrum who is about to enter higher education for the first time, it might be a little bit more complicated for you. Maybe you're worried about getting accommodations, getting places on time, or dealing with sensory issues in a new…

Inclusion Press, 2011



Rev: 10.29.2013 C:\\Users\\Jessica\\Desktop\\CHCCurriculum_for_ChemicalEngineering .doc (Effective for students entering UMass Amherst summer 2013 onward)  

E-print Network

for Chemical Engineering Students in Red, Prof. Schiffman 11/18/13 3.400 minimum cumulative GPA, minimum grade, then any time in the Junior Year you must declare "Departmental Honors". To do so, e-mail Prof. Schiffman

Auerbach, Scott M.


Particle accelerators in space: resolving them for the first time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The detection of optical counterparts of hot spots in radio galaxies has been a challenge in astrophysics since the 1960s. Being located at several 100 kpc away from the AGN, they represent the most striking sites of interaction between the AGN ejecta and the ambient inter-galactic medium. Particle acceleration is thought to drive their emission and therefore, due to their remote locations, hot spots are the best laboratories to study the physics of that mechanism in detail. Using carefully directed selection criteria and the VLT we have discovered hot spots in the optical at an unprecedented detection rate, all of them disclosing very intriguing structure. This structure pinpoints the regions where electrons are accelerated to highly relativistic energies -- the particle accelerators. With HST we aim at resolving these accelerators for the very first time. This will enable us to establish the nature and origin of these relativistic particles in the hot spots of radio galaxies. The results of these studies not only represent a key for understanding the evolution of radio sources but also provide important input to plasma acceleration problems in general.

Prieto, Almudena



Jordanian women: perceptions and practices of first-time pregnancy.  


A woman's child-bearing encounter is an experience that reflects the cultural beliefs and practices of the society. The purpose of this study was to describe the perceptions and practices of urban, low socioeconomic, Jordanian women (aged 18-30 years) in relation to their pregnancy career. An opportunistic sample consisting of 67 Muslim first-time pregnant women who followed up antenatal care at two maternity-care centres in East Amman was selected. A qualitative approach, including ethnographic semistructured interview, participant observation data from the households and clinics and oblique interviewing in random conversations initiated by the primigravidae, was conducted over 18 months. Women gave elaborative accounts of their pregnancy and childbirth expectations in narrative, phenomenological forms. Qualitative data analysis was performed concurrently with data collection, revealing the essential themes of immediacy of pregnancy; familial support and changing networks, especially for the after-birth period; fear of pain and medical interventions, all emphasizing the traditional and religious perceptions and practices in a familial context. PMID:16255738

Safadi, Reema



The enteric nervous system.  


The enteric nervous system (ENS), the intrinsic innervation of the gastrointestinal tract, consists of numerous types of neurons, and glial cells, that are distributed in two intramuscular plexuses that extend along the entire length of the gut and control co-ordinated smooth muscle contractile activity and other gut functions. All enteric neurons and glia are derived from neural crest cells (NCC). Vagal (hindbrain) level NCC provide the majority of enteric precursors along the entire length of the gut, while a lesser contribution, that is restricted to the hindgut, arises from the sacral region of the neuraxis. After leaving the dorsal neural tube NCC undergo extensive migration, proliferation, survival and differentiation in order to form a functional ENS. This article reviews the molecular mechanisms underlying these key developmental processes and highlights the major groups of molecules that affect enteric NCC proliferation and survival (Ret/Gdnf and EdnrB/Et-3 pathways, Sox10 and Phox2b transcription factors), cell migration (Ret and EdnrB signalling, semaphorin 3A, cell adhesion molecules, Rho GTPases), and the development of enteric neuronal subtypes and morphologies (Mash1, Gdnf/neurturin, BMPs, Hand2, retinoic acid). Finally, looking to the future, we discuss the need to translate the wealth of data gleaned from animal studies to the clinical area and thus better understand, and develop treatments for, congenital human diseases affecting the ENS. PMID:22290331

Sasselli, Valentina; Pachnis, Vassilis; Burns, Alan J



Spring Research Festival Sponsored by NICBR for First Time | Poster

For the past 16 years, the annual Spring Research Festival has been sponsored by NCI at Frederick and Fort Detrick to acquaint fellow researchers, students, and the community at large with the important discoveries being made at this facility to fight cancer, AIDS, and other infectious diseases.


Inviting Confidence in School: Invitations as a Critical Source of the Academic Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Entering Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether constructs drawn from invitational theory serve as additional sources of self-efficacy beliefs of students in Grade 6 (N = 468). The hypothesized sources and the invitational constructs each correlated with academic self-efficacy. Invitations, mastery experience, and physiological state predicted…

Usher, Ellen L.; Pajares, Frank



Some Further Reflections on No Show. A Report of Additional Findings Concerning Students Who Were Admitted but Did Not Enter WSU-Stevens Point, Fall, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report, "Why They Don't Show in September" analyzed the findings of a questionnaire sent to students who had been admitted to the Wisconsin State University at Stevens Point but failed to enroll in the fall. One major question left unanswered in the earlier study concerned 223 high school graduates who indicated that Stevens Point had been…

Clements, William H.



Learning and Teaching: Where Does Einstein's Concept of Learning about "Service of Our Fellow Man" Enter into Our Discussions about Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this paper discusses the significance of Albert Einstein's concept of learning about "service of our fellow man" into the discussions about student achievement. Albert Einstein wrote in 1954 of what he considered an evil of modern life--that the "individual feels more than ever dependent on society, but it is not felt in the positive…

Manthey, George



Education: We provide knowledge to students so that they can positively impact society as they enter the workforce and community life. As they gain employment and as they  

E-print Network

Education: We provide knowledge to students so that they can positively impact society in their communities, effective training in these areas will help them to have maximal positive impact on their communities and on society. Master of Science. Through the Faculty of Management's Master of Science program

Morris, Joy


Intestinal endocrine cells in radiation enteritis  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the intestinal endocrine cells were investigated in 13 surgical specimens affected by radiation enteritis. Endocrine cells were studied by means of Grimelius' silver staining and immunostaining for chromogranin, a general marker of endocrine cells. Positively stained cells were quantified by counting their number per unit length of muscularis mucosa. Results in radiation enteritis were compared with matched control specimens by using Student's t test. Chromogranin immunostaining showed a statistically significant increase of endocrine cells in radiation enteritis specimens compared with controls both in small and large intestine (ileum, 67.5 +/- 23.5 cells per unit length of muscularis mucosa in radiation enteritis versus 17.0 +/- 6.1 in controls; colon, 40.9 +/- 13.7 cells per unit length of muscularis mucosa in radiation enteritis versus 9.5 +/- 4.1 in controls--p less than 0.005 in both instances). Increase of endocrine cells was demonstrated also by Grimelius' staining; however, without reaching statistical significance. It is not clear whether or not the increase of endocrine cells in radiation enteritis reported in this study is caused by a hyperplastic response or by a sparing phenomenon. We should consider that increased endocrine cells, when abnormally secreting their products, may be involved in some of the clinical features of radiation enteropathy. In addition, as intestinal endocrine cells produce trophic substances to the intestine, their increase could be responsible for the raised risk of developing carcinoma of the intestine in long standing radiation enteritis.

Pietroletti, R.; Blaauwgeers, J.L.; Taat, C.W.; Simi, M.; Brummelkamp, W.H.; Becker, A.E. (Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands))



Enteric bacteria mandibular osteomyelitis.  


Osteomyelitis of the mandible is a relatively rare inflammatory disease that usually stems from the odontogenic polymicrobial flora of the oral cavity. We are reporting 2 unusual cases of mandibular osteomyelitis resulting from enteric bacteria infection. In one patient, abundant clinical evidence suggested a diagnosis of a chronic factitious disease, whereas in the second patient no obvious etiology was found. PMID:15897844

Scolozzi, Paolo; Lombardi, Tommaso; Edney, Timothy; Jaques, Bertrand



Entering and Leaving School Administrative Positions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzing survey data from 457 students in 29 U.S. school administration programs, examines the relative importance of factors influencing decisions to enter and leave the profession and the canonical correlation between reasons for leaving and reasons for staying. Self-actualization, esteem, and affiliation influenced entry decisions; salary…

Shen, Jianping; Cooley, Van E.; Ruhl-Smith, Connie D.



Treatment of enteric fever.  


Enteric fever is systemic illness caused by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A, B and C. It is believed to be a readily treatable illness by many clinicians in the developing world where it is endemic; however, with the emergence of drug resistance to fluoroquinolones, treatment is becoming increasingly difficult. While drugs such as cefixime, previously believed to be effective, have been proven otherwise, new agents such as gatifloxacin and azithromycin have proven to be promising. Re-emergence of chloramphenicol sensitive strains in previously resistant areas points towards the concept of antibiotic recycling, preserving the use of older antibiotics. Antibiotic recycling has been used successfully in hospital settings. However, its usefulness in community settings, where the main burden of enteric fever resides, is challenging to manage due to logistics and a lack of infrastructure. Nalidixic acid resistance used to be a marker for clinical response to flouroquinolones; however, recent studies highlight the importance of decreased ciprofloxacin susceptibility as a better marker. Enteric fever, as a public health problem, has been tackled by protection of food and water supplies in the industrialised countries of the world. Nonetheless, that goal seems too far-fetched in the developing world where there are hundreds of villages, towns and cities without adequate infrastructures. Perhaps the key to solving this problem is combining point-of-use-purification of water (by chlorination) with the treatment of illness in the community. Treatment of chronic carriers is also necessary in order to halt the cycles of transmission. PMID:19745518

Arjyal, Amit; Pandit, Anil



Entering the pipeline  

SciTech Connect

For the first time in more than 30 years, Amoco Corp. underwent a major restructuring last year. The 1994 efforts were aimed at improving financial performance and positioning the company for long-term growth. As part of this strategy, the company formed Amoco Power Resources Corp. (APRC) with the intent of using Amoco`s global natural gas resources to leverage its position in electric power markets. Amoco`s entry into the independent power market illustrates an ongoing trend toward development by large, well-capitalized companies. APRC`s approach to projects may also signal another trend - toward riskier ventures and away from non-recourse project financing. The company is exploring greenfield development, acquisition of individual projects and project portfolios, and acquisition of privatized utility assets. APRC will focus on five areas - fuel supply management, project development, plant construction management and operations, project participation and project finance.

Burr, M.T.



22 CFR 96.20 - First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false First-time application procedures for accreditation...Accreditation and Approval § 96.20 First-time application procedures for accreditation...seeking accreditation or approval for the first time may submit an application at...



Transformative Learning and First-Time Managers: How Can HRD Practitioners Help?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to management is one of the most difficult challenges first-time managers face--almost half fail. First-time managers may experience disorienting dilemmas that trigger transformative learning. HRD (human resource development) practitioners can assist in reducing the failure rate of first-time managers when they better understand the…

Roberts, Nella A.; Rocco, Tonette S.



Starbucks International enters Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case describes the situation surrounding the entrance of Starbucks International Coffee into the Kuwait marketplace. It requires students to consider relevant small business and entrepreneurship issues in determining an appropriate response. These issues include: international joint ventures, culture, gender issues, marketing channels, and cross-cultural management issues.

Dianne H. B. Welsh; Peter Raven; Nasser Al-Mutair




E-print Network

is produced annually by the office of media and communications, University College Cork. If you would like Developments Student Experience Teaching and Learning Research and Innovation Events COLLEGE REPORTS Arts Moran/Sports File John Sheehan Photography Tomás Tyner, UCC Design: Alan O'Shea (aosdesign) #12; 3 4 5 9

Schellekens, Michel P.


Democracy for Students: The Constitution Enters Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent court litigation in the civil rights areas of freedom of speech, freedom of the press, personal appearance, freedom from racial and sexual discrimination, and due process have served notice that the end result of education ("the democratic way of life") must be accomplished by democratic means. (MB)

Fischer, Louis



Improving Retention and Academic Achievement for First-Time Students at a Two-Year College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty at a two-year community/technical college undertook a project in the spring 2010 semester to incorporate more intensive and intrusive academic advising into the Freshman Seminar (COL 105) course. A study was undertaken in which 14 sections of COL 105 were divided into an experimental group (taught by specially-trained instructors who…

Ryan, Mary Gene



First time nuclear material detection by one short-pulse-laser-driven neutron  

E-print Network

- 1 - First time nuclear material detection by one short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source April 3, 2013 First Time Nuclear Material Detection by One Short- Pulse-Laser-Driven Neutron Source In a set processes yield delayed neutrons). The detection system consisted of two identical neutron detector well

Kurien, Susan


First-Time Adoption of IFRS, Managerial Incentives and Value-Relevance: Some French Evidence  

E-print Network

First-Time Adoption of IFRS, Managerial Incentives and Value- Relevance: Some French Evidence Denis of International Accounting Research 8, 2 (2009) 1-22" #12;1 First-Time Adoption of IFRS, Managerial Incentives incentives influence the decision to elect optional exemptions when first adopting International Financial

Boyer, Edmond


Supply Chain Enter PO Receipt  

E-print Network

PeopleSoft Supply Chain FMS805 Enter PO Receipt 08/11/2008 © 2008 Northwestern University FMS805 1 Support Center at 847-491-HELP (4357) or email #12;PeopleSoft Supply Chain FMS Received to receive remaining items. #12;PeopleSoft Supply Chain FMS805 Enter PO Receipt 08/11/2008 © 2008

Shull, Kenneth R.


Vision Statement for Cosmic Ray Detector A great moment of clarity happened for me the first time I got my hands on a  

E-print Network

Vision Statement for Cosmic Ray Detector A great moment of clarity happened for me the first time I. The Fermilab cosmic ray detector system gives high school students the opportunity to make physics real. It's an exciting and fascinating way to learn about cosmic rays, astrophysical sources, particle physics, modern

California at Santa Cruz, University of


LRO Enters Lunar Orbit (Highlights)  

NASA Video Gallery

After a four and a half day journey from the Earth, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, or LRO, successfully entered orbit around the moon. Engineers at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbel...


Bacterial contamination of enteral diets.  

PubMed Central

Enteral feeding solutions can be contaminated by bacterial micro-organisms already present in the ingredients, or introduced during preparation or transport, or in the hospital ward. During jejunostomy feeding without pump or filter, ascending bacterial invasion of the feeding bag is possible. In patients with lowered immune response contaminated feedings can cause serious septic clinical problems. The progressive loss of the nutritional value of the enteral feeding solution by bacterial contamination has to be considered for all patients. PMID:3098643

de Leeuw, I H; Vandewoude, M F



Enteral feeding misconnections: an update.  


Enteral misconnections are defined as inadvertent connections between enteral feeding systems and nonenteral systems such as intravascular lines, peritoneal dialysis catheters, tracheostomy tube cuffs, medical gas tubing, and so on. Sentinel event data and causative factors are outlined along with potential solutions to prevent such medical errors. The solutions can be grouped into 3 areas: (1) education, awareness, and human factors; (2) purchasing strategies; and (3) design changes. Updates on safety innovations and programs are presented. PMID:19483062

Guenter, Peggi; Hicks, Rodney W; Simmons, Debora



[Enteral nutrition: techniques and indications].  


Enteral nutrition must be preferred to parenteral nutrition if case of intact digestive tract. Naso-gastric tubes are frequently used, particularly in enteral feeding. However, the use of naso-enteral tubes, i.e. naso-duodenal and naso-jejunal tubes, is expected to increase in the future. Their efficacy has been demonstrated in two specific cases: intensive care (post-operative or post-traumatic states), acute pancreatitis. A third potential use is in the replacement of a naso-gastric tube by a naso-jejunal tube in cases of frequent aspiration pneumonia related to a gastro-esophageal reflux. Gastro- and jejunostomies have to be indicated when enteral nutrition is thought to be used for more than one month. The insertion of a naso-gastric tube is generally performed by the nurse following medical guidelines and the insertion of a naso-jejunal tube is often done during an endoscopy by the physician. The verification of the correct position of the tube should preferably be done with an X-ray confirmation. However, this is difficult to perform at home and the most frequent method for control is the clinical method by auscultation. Enteral nutrients are generally polymeric and infused with gravity without a peristatic pump excepted in children. In conclusion, technical improvements in enteral nutrition have led to a simple, cost-effective and low risk methods of treatment. PMID:11173710

Guedon, C



Coliform Enteritis of Cottontail Rabbits  

PubMed Central

Yuill, Thomas M. (University of Wisconsin, Madison), and Robert P. Hanson. Coliform enteritis of cottontail rabbits. J. Bacteriol. 89:1–8. 1965.—Mortality from enteritis occurred among 78 penned adult cottontail rabbits (Sylvilagus floridanus) during severe winter weather, and in 9 juvenile rabbits held in captivity during the summer. This mortality was associated with high numbers of Escherichia coli throughout the intestinal tract. Grossly normal cottontails from the laboratory, from the outdoor penned colony, and from the wild had few E. coli, and these were usually restricted to the lower gut. It was possible to induce mortality of adult rabbits by holding them at ?20 C for 2 to 14 days. The animals that died during exposure to low temperatures had signs of enteritis and high numbers of E. coli throughout the intestinal tract. It was possible to prolong the life of cottontails held at ?20 C by antibiotic suppression of their intestinal E. coli. A marked slowing in the rate of passage of materials through the intestine ensued after exposure at ?20 C. This phenomenon may have been important in the alteration of the distribution of the intestinal microflora. Limited infection by E. coli occurs in rabbits in the wild. Of 47 serum samples from grossly normal cottontails collected in the wild, 42 contained E. coli agglutinins. The rabbit's defenses are apparently sufficient to control this organism under all but extremely unfavorable circumstances. The age of the rabbit appeared to influence its susceptibility to enteritis. Juvenile rabbits experienced enteritis, tissue invasion, and death under conditions which did not produce any enteric changes in adults. PMID:14255664

Yuill, Thomas M.; Hanson, Robert P.



Enteric Immunization: Promises and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immunization to prevent many intestinal infections is inadequate because most available vaccines are given parenterally, a route that does not effectively stimulate the intestinal immune system. Thus, investigators are pursuing several strategies for achieving enteric protection through oral immunization. The most promising approaches are the incorporation of immunogens into microparticles for protection and enhanced uptake of the immunogen by intestinal

William R. Brown



The Number of Blacks Completing Doctoral Degrees Declines for the First Time in Seven Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, over 1,600 African Americans earned doctoral degrees, yet for the first time in 7 years, the number of black doctoral awards declined. This paper examines differences in doctoral fields of study, the limited number of awards to African Americans in specialized scientific fields, and the gender gap in black Ph.D. awards. Most doctorates…

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2003



Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. METHOD: An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409

Li Ming Wen; Victoria M Flood; Judy M Simpson; Chris Rissel; Louise A Baur



Towards a first time right design of the common mode choke  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need for an analytical model of the EMI filter relating its designable parameters to its final performances in the circuit. The final goal of the model presented here is to support a first time right design of the common mode choke. A new equivalent circuit of the component is proposed where impedances are related to the designable

Anne Roc'h; Frank Leferink



The sounds of Mars and Venus are revealed for the first time  

E-print Network

The sounds of Mars and Venus are revealed for the first time Ref: 12/59 02 April 2012 In a world first, the sounds of Mars and Venus are revealed as part of a planetarium show in Hampshire this Easter and mathematics, they created the natural sounds of other worlds, from lightning on Venus to whirlwinds on Mars

Sóbester, András


First-Time Mothers' Knowledge and Beliefs Regarding Early Communication Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited literature exists in the Australian context about first-time mothers' knowledge of early communication milestones, their strategies to facilitate speech and language development and understanding of the relationship between early communication skills and future development. A cross-sectional online survey was administered to 53…

Williams, Vicki; Pearce, Wendy M.; Devine, Sue



For first time since 2007, food stamp use drops in state, Palm Beach County  

E-print Network

For first time since 2007, food stamp use drops in state, Palm Beach County March 13, 2013|By Donna in Palm Beach County fell in February, according to data from the Florida Department of Children from last year when the number of food stamp recipients in Palm Beach County jumped nearly 14 percent

Fernandez, Eduardo


Small Business Planning and Management for the First-Time Entrepreneur.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written with the small business manager and first-time entrepreneur in mind, this book provides the adult learner, in a class or alone, with activities and questions to increase understanding. These are intended to aid decision making as plans are made for the chosen enterprise. The book is divided into five parts: Looking at Entrepreneurship,…

Doster, D. Howard; And Others


First-time use of newer oral contraceptives and the risk of venous thromboembolism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent epidemiologic studies reported that the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) was higher with the use of the newer third generation oral contraceptives than with second generation agents. Although the overall findings of these studies are similar, the results, as they relate to patterns and duration of oral contraceptive use particularly among first-time users, are inconsistent.We reanalyzed data from the

Samy Suissa; Lucie Blais; Walter O. Spitzer; Jean Cusson; Michael Lewis; Lothar Heinemann



Does Home Visiting Benefit Only First-Time Mothers?: Evidence from Healthy Families Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a common assumption that mothers who have had previous births would participate less fully and have poorer outcomes from early home visitation programs than would first-time mothers. The authors conducted a qualitative and quantitative study to test that assumption by measuring three aspects of participation: time in the program, the number…

Huntington, Lee; Galano, Joseph



Five grams of coke: Racism, moralism and White public opinion on sanctions for first time possession  

Microsoft Academic Search

A path-analytic model was used with a national probability sample of White Americans to examine the effects of moralism, attributions of blame, beliefs about racial group use of cocaine, beliefs about racism, and beliefs about the effectiveness of law enforcement on judgments about appropriate sanction for being caught for the first time with 5g of cocaine. As predicted severity of

Rosalyn D. Lee; Kenneth A. Rasinski



College Enrollment Patterns of Ohio First-Time Freshmen: Fall 1996 to Fall 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information about the number of Ohio high school graduates who enroll in college, the types of colleges they attend, and the location of those colleges. The data presented in this report was derived from residence and migration of first-time freshmen data obtained from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System.…

Ohio Board of Regents, 2007



First time adoption of IFRS, Fair value option, Conservatism: Evidences from French listed companies  

E-print Network

First time adoption of IFRS, Fair value option, Conservatism: Evidences from French listed for the move to IFRS for all companies listed on European stock exchanges. The paper studies the first adoption an explanatory point of view, French fair value choices during the first adoption of the IFRS are presented

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Recidivism at a Shelter for Adolescents: First-Time versus Repeat Runaways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of a study that examined child and family influences on recidivism for 166 youths admitted to a shelter. Results indicated that youth emotional problems were significantly related to recidivism for repeat runaways, whereas family changes and length of stay at the shelter were significantly related to recidivism for first-time…

Baker, Amy J. L.; McKay, Mary M.; Lynn, Cynthia J.; Schlange, Hans; Auville, Alicia



A qualitative study on the breastfeeding experiences of first-time mothers in Vientiane, Lao PDR  

PubMed Central

Background The benefits of breastfeeding are well-recognised. The majority of first-time mothers in the Lao People's Democratic Republic however do not follow WHO guidelines of exclusively breastfeeding for the first six months, and less than half breastfeed for two years. UNICEF identified lack of exclusive breastfeeding as the second highest risk factor for under 5 mortality in Lao PDR, closely following lack of skilled delivery care. This study explored the reasons and influences behind first-time mothers' breastfeeding practices, as well as the role of attitudes, beliefs and experiences in influencing those practices. Methods A qualitative research design was chosen for this exploratory study. Two districts in Vientiane were selected, and in each district four focus group discussions, two with six first-time mothers and two with health staff were undertaken. In addition, sixteen in-depth interviews with first-time mothers and seven individual key informants were conducted. Results Participants demonstrated positive attitudes towards breastfeeding and recognised its importance. Despite this, breastfeeding practices were suboptimal. Few exclusively breastfed for the first six months of the baby’s life and most of the first-time mothers included in the sample had stopped or planned to stop breastfeeding by the time the infant was 18 months of age. Work was named as one of the main reasons for less than ideal breastfeeding practices. Traditional beliefs and advice from health staff and the first-time mothers' own mothers, were important influences on breastfeeding practices. First-time mothers also cited experiencing tension when there were differences in advice they received from different people. Conclusion Overall, the mothers were well-informed on the benefits of breastfeeding, and displayed positive attitudes towards it. Nevertheless, few maintained optimal breastfeeding practices in the first two years of the infant’s life. Further effort needs to be directed at addressing knowledge and non-knowledge barriers to optimal breastfeeding practices. Of particular importance is working with employers, developing supportive employment policies, providing postnatal support and working with lay people and health professionals. Research is also needed to identify the optimal combination of interventions to promote good breastfeeding practices. PMID:24304510



The enteric nervous system: normal functions and enteric neuropathies.  


Most aspects of the normal organisation and functioning of the enteric nervous system have been resolved in recent years, especially for the small and large intestines, where the ENS has essential roles in controlling bowel movement and transmucosal fluid exchange. The roles of the ENS in the esophagus are not understood, and the relative roles of intrinsic reflexes in relation to extrinsic control of the stomach require clarification. In the small intestine and colon, it needs to be understood how neural activity is orchestrated to subserve different functional outcomes, for example propulsion, mixing and retrograde movement. However, the most important future challenges are to properly understand the molecular and cellular changes that underlie enteric neuropathies, to utilise knowledge of the normal neurochemistry, pharmacology and physiology of the ENS to devise strategies to treat disorders of motility and secretion, and to develop effective therapeutic compounds. It is suggested that ion channels of enteric neurons have been under-investigated as therapeutic targets. Other future challenges lie in the identification of biomarkers for functional bowel disorders and in the use of neural stem cells for restitution of ENS function. PMID:18402640

Furness, J B



Longitudinal experiences of children remaining at home after a first-time investigation for suspected maltreatment  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe longitudinal change in risk for children remaining at home following a first-time investigation for suspected maltreatment. Study design A retrospective cohort study of children remaining at home following first-time investigation for maltreatment using a nationally representative sample of households involved with Child Protective Services (CPS). Outcomes include poverty, social support, caregiver depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), drug/alcohol dependence, corporal punishment, and child behavior problems at baseline, 18, and 36 months following first-time CPS investigation. We present longitudinal models to 1) estimate prevalence of risk factors at each timepoint and 2) examine associations between risk-specific service referrals and longitudinal change in risk factor prevalence. Results Our sample represented 1,057,056 U.S. children remaining at home following first-time investigation for maltreatment. Almost 100,000 (9.2%) children experienced out-of-home placement within 36 months. The prevalence of poverty (44.3%), poor social support (36.3%), caregiver depression (24.4%), IPV (22.1%), and internalizing (30.0%) and externalizing (35.8%) child behavior problems was above general population prevalence at baseline and remained high over the next 36 months. Referral to risk-specific services occurred in a minority of cases, but was associated with significant longitudinal reductions in IPV, drug/alcohol dependence, and externalizing child behavior problems. Conclusions Children remaining at home following a first-time investigation for maltreatment live with persistent risk factors for repeat maltreatment. Appropriate service referrals are uncommon, but may be associated with meaningful reduction in risk over time. Pediatricians and policy makers may be able to improve outcomes in these families with appropriate service provision and referrals. PMID:22480699

Campbell, Kristine A.; Thomas, Andrea M.; Cook, Lawrence J.; Keenan, Heather T.



Comparison of USC Entering Freshmen 1975 to 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characteristics of entering freshmen at the University of South Carolina (USC) Columbia campus are compared for 1975, 1980, and 1985. For each year, over 2,000 students completed a questionnaire prepared by the American Council on Education. National norms for public universities are provided for 1985, along with comparative data for the 1985…

Fidler, Paul; And Others


Comparison of USC Entering Freshmen, 1976 to 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student characteristics and attitudes for entering freshmen at the University of South Carolina (USC) for 1976-1986 are reported and compared to 1986 national norms for public universities. Comparative data for the 1986 class by on-campus or off-campus residence are also presented. The data were collected through the Cooperative Institutional…

Fidler, Paul; Davis, Char


The challenge of enteric fever.  


Enteric fever, a non-specific, systemic infection caused by S. Typhi or Paratyphi A, B or C, is common in resource-limited regions of the world, where poor sanitation infrastructure facilitates faeco-oral transmission. Prompt treatment with appropriate antibiotics minimises illness severity, but presentation to health care facilities is often delayed because of the non-specific nature of the symptoms and the lack of reliable diagnostic tests. Disease prevention requires significant investment in provision of clean water and sanitation in the long term; vaccination offers a more realistic strategy for medium term control. However, implementation of existing vaccines and development of more efficacious vaccines has been hindered by the lack of an established correlate of protection and under appreciation of the true disease burden. Human microbial infection studies could provide a vehicle for the rapid evaluation of novel vaccines and investigation of the immunobiology of enteric infection. PMID:24119827

Waddington, Claire S; Darton, Thomas C; Pollard, Andrew J



Enteral Nutrition in Critical Care  

PubMed Central

There is a consensus that nutritional support, which must be provided to patients in intensive care, influences their clinical outcome. Malnutrition is associated in critically ill patients with impaired immune function and impaired ventilator drive, leading to prolonged ventilator dependence and increased infectious morbidity and mortality. Enteral nutrition is an active therapy that attenuates the metabolic response of the organism to stress and favorably modulates the immune system. It is less expensive than parenteral nutrition and is preferred in most cases because of less severe complications and better patient outcomes, including infections, and hospital cost and length of stay. The aim of this work was to perform a review of the use of enteral nutrition in critically ill patients. PMID:23390469

Seron-Arbeloa, Carlos; Zamora-Elson, Monica; Labarta-Monzon, Lorenzo; Mallor-Bonet, Tomas



Radiation enteritis and radiation scoliosis  

SciTech Connect

Any patient with radiation scoliosis should be suspected of having a visceral lesion as well. Chronic radiation enteritis may be manifested by intestinal obstruction, fistulas, perforation, and hemorrhage. Intestinal obstruction is the most common complication, and must be differentiated from postoperative cast or from spinal-traction syndrome. Obstruction that does not respond promptly to conservative measures must be treated surgically. Irradiated bowel is ischemic, and necrosis with spontaneous perforation can only be avoided with early diagnosis and surgical intervention.

Shah, M.; Eng, K.; Engler, G.L.



Temporal alcohol availability predicts first-time drunk driving, but not repeat offending.  


Alcohol availability has been linked to drunk driving, but research has not examined whether this relationship is the same for first-time and repeat offenses. We examined the relationship between the business hours of alcohol outlets licensed to serve alcohol for on-premises consumption and misdemeanor-level (first offense) and felony-level drunk driving (repeat offense) charges in New York State in 2009. Longer outlet business hours were associated with more misdemeanor drunk driving charges, but were not associated with felony drunk driving charges. The per capita density of on-premises alcohol outlets did not affect misdemeanor or felony drunk driving charges. The results suggest that temporal alcohol availability may be an impelling factor for first-time drunk driving, but other factors likely influence repeat drunk driving behaviors. PMID:23940711

Schofield, Timothy P; Denson, Thomas F



Temporal Alcohol Availability Predicts First-Time Drunk Driving, but Not Repeat Offending  

PubMed Central

Alcohol availability has been linked to drunk driving, but research has not examined whether this relationship is the same for first-time and repeat offenses. We examined the relationship between the business hours of alcohol outlets licensed to serve alcohol for on-premises consumption and misdemeanor-level (first offense) and felony-level drunk driving (repeat offense) charges in New York State in 2009. Longer outlet business hours were associated with more misdemeanor drunk driving charges, but were not associated with felony drunk driving charges. The per capita density of on-premises alcohol outlets did not affect misdemeanor or felony drunk driving charges. The results suggest that temporal alcohol availability may be an impelling factor for first-time drunk driving, but other factors likely influence repeat drunk driving behaviors. PMID:23940711

Schofield, Timothy P.; Denson, Thomas F.



High-Dose ?-Aminocaproic Acid Versus Aprotinin: Antifibrinolytic Efficacy in First-Time Coronary Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The antifibrinolytic efficacy of a high-dose regimen of ?-aminocaproic acid (?-ACA) was compared with aprotinin in first-time coronary operations.Methods. In a prospective, double-blinded, randomized study, 20 patients received high-dose ?-ACA (10 g both as a loading and cardiopulmonary bypass priming dose, 2.5 g\\/h until 4 hours after protamine), and another 20 patients received aprotinin (2 × 106 KIU [280

Balthasar Eberle; Eckhard Mayer; Gerhard Hafner; Jens Heinermann; Manfred Dahm; Winfried Prellwitz; Wolfgang Dick; Hellmut Oelert



The relationship between prenatal expectations and postnatal attitudes among first-time mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-one predominantly middle-class primiparous women attending Lamaze classes participated in this study. The purpose of the investigation was twofold. The primary objective involved exploration of the relationship between prenatal expectations of the maternal experience and postnatal attitudes among first-time mothers; while the secondary objective was to examine The Psychometric Qualities Of The Newly Constructed Prenatal Maternal Expectations Scale (Pmes). The

P. Coleman; E. S. Nelson; D. L. Sundre



Do first-time breeding females imprint on their own eggs?  

PubMed Central

The egg-recognition processes underlying egg rejection are assumed to be based on an imprinting-like process (a female learning the aspect of her own eggs during her first breeding attempt). The imprinting-like process and the misimprinting costs have been the objective of many theoretical models and frequently have a leading role in papers published on brood parasitism; however, an experiment has never been undertaken to test the existence of this imprinting-like process by manipulating egg appearance in first-time breeding females. Here, we present the first such experimental study using the house sparrow (Passer domesticus), which is a conspecific brood parasite and which has a good ability to reject conspecific eggs, as a model species. We found that contrary to what the hypothesis predicts first-time breeding females did not reject their own eggs in their second breeding attempt. This lack of response against unmanipulated eggs could indicate that females have an innate preference for their own eggs. However, in a second experimental group in which first-time breeding females were allowed to learn the aspect of their (unmanipulated) own eggs, none ejected manipulated eggs during their second clutch either—a finding that does not support the idea of recognition templates being inherited, but instead suggests that recognition templates could be acquired again at each new breeding attempt. Our results demonstrate that it is likely that egg discrimination is not influenced by egg appearance in the first breeding attempt. PMID:23235707

Soler, Manuel; Ruiz-Castellano, Cristina; Carra, Laura G.; Ontanilla, Juan; Martin-Galvez, David



Enteral feeding monitor/manager.  


A simple and inherently safe Enteral Feeding Monitor/Manager is described for use with standard, single-lumen jejunal tubes. No feedings or GI fluids are removed permanently unless they accumulate adjacent to the catheter. Only such momentary excess is removed promptly, before local distention can develop. The full bore automatically alternates between 30 seconds on suction and 30 seconds for return of the aspirate. Each minute, the removed air bubbles are vented, the residual jejunal volume is measured, and the degassed fluid is returned by gravity. PMID:15810790

Moss, Gerald



[Enteral nutrition in cancer patients].  


The significance of nutritional management in patients with malignant tumors is under-recognized due to the lack of clear evidence of a direct link with survival rate. However, for cancer patients, with markedly reduced food intake continuing for?7 days or intake of under 60% of estimated energy expenditure for?10 days, as referred to in the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, rapid implementation of nutritional support constitutes a clinically appropriate intervention. With regard to route of administration, as with other conditions, enteral nutritional management is recommended if the gastrointestinal tract is available. The utility of enteral immunonutrition formulae containing eicosapentaenoic acid and other forms of nutritional management has also recently been reported and further studies are anticipated. However, the principles of nutritional management for cancer patients comprise not simply weight increase or improvement in nutritional markers but the maintenance of patient QOL in ways that include alleviation of symptoms and antitumor therapy side-effects, and decreased risk of infection. Administration routes such as percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy should therefore also be discussed from this perspective. PMID:25335700

Suzuki, Yutaka




EPA Science Inventory

The National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System is a lab based system which monitors temporal and geographic patterns associated with the detection of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV), respiratory and enteric adenoviruses, and r...


First-time lidar measurement of water vapor flux in a volcanic plume  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CO2 laser-based lidar ATLAS has been used to study the Stromboli volcano plume. ATLAS measured water vapor concentration in cross-sections of the plume and wind speed at the crater. Water vapor concentration and wind speed were retrieved by differential absorption lidar and correlation technique, respectively. Lidar returns were obtained up to a range of 3 km. The spatial resolution was 15 m and the temporal resolution was 20 s. By combining these measurements, the water vapor flux in the Stromboli volcano plume was found. To our knowledge, it is the first time that lidar retrieves water vapor concentrations in a volcanic plume.

Fiorani, Luca; Colao, Francesco; Palucci, Antonio; Poreh, Davod; Aiuppa, Alessandro; Giudice, Gaetano



UCLA researchers report for the first time how cells communicate to activate Notch signaling

During formation of multi-cellular organisms, cells need to talk to each other to make critical decisions as to what kind of cell to become, as well as when and where to become that cell type. The Notch signaling system allows cells to directly talk to each other to program almost every cell type in the body. Now, researchers from UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have shown for the first time that the mechanical force produced by cell-cell interactions is critical for programming by the Notch signaling system.


Age of inhalant first time use and its association to the use of other drugs.  


Inhalants are the 4th most commonly abused drugs after alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Although inhalants are often referred as Gateway Drugs this hypothesis is less examined. Using the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data, age of first time inhalant use was compared with the age of onset of other drugs among 6466 inhalant users who also used at least one of 14 other drugs. Findings indicated that only 4.2% multiple drug users who used inhalants prior to other drugs, especially alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Thus, the theory that inhalants are gateway drugs was not supported. PMID:20196331

Ding, Kele; Chang, G Andy; Southerland, Ron



Enteric diseases of homosexual men.  


Certain enteric ailments are particularly common among homosexual men. They are primarily infectious diseases and include not only such common venereal diseases as gonorrhea and syphilis but also infections not usually regarded as being sexually transmitted. Among the latter are shigellosis, salmonellosis, giardiasis, and amebiasis. Patients' symptoms are non-specific and seldom helpful in diagnosing particular diseases. The practitioner must be prepared to identify a number of infections with similar presentations that may occur singly or together in gay men. Gonorrhea is probably the most common bacterial infection in gay men. Carriage rates as high as 50% have been reported, and extra-genital carriage is common; this necessitates culturing the urethra, rectum, and pharynx. Procaine penicillin G is the treatment of choice for most patients; spectinomycin is probably the drug of choice in penicillin-sensitive patients. In contrast to other venereal diseases, syphilis may have a characteristic protoscopic presentation. Benzathine penicillin G is the treatment of choice for most patients. Lymphogranuloma venereum causes penile lesions and inguinal lymphadenitis in heterosexual men, whereas homosexual men are more prone to proctitis. The disease may mimic Crohn's disease. Recommended treatment includes tetracycline or sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. Shigellosis usually presents as an acute diarrheal illness. Patients generally require only supportive treatment with fluids. Herpes simplex viral infection is difficult to diagnose and has several different presentations, including lumbosacral radiculomyelopathy. Symptomatic treatment with sitz baths, anesthetic ointment, and analgesics is recommended. Venereal warts are believed to be caused by the same virus that causes verrucous warts; they are usually found in the anal canal or around the anal orifice. They are commonly treated with 25% podophyllin solution. Parasitic infections include giardiasis, amebiasis, and pinworm infections. Metronidazole may be used in the treatment of symptomatic giardiasis and amebiasis, but it is not approved for the former indication; quinacrine is approved for giardiasis. Pinworm infestation may be treated with pyrantel pamoate or mebendazole. Cure of enteric diseases in homosexual men must be documented. PMID:6765390

Baker, R W; Peppercorn, M A



Nursing interventions to manage anxiety levels of female inpatients admitted first time in a leprosy hospital.  


Leprosy causes not just physical disabilities but mental and psycho social problems which are further more enhanced in women due to their submissive and secondary role in an Indian culture. This is reflected in their reluctance and delay in seeking hospitalization and generates great anxiety while admitted as inpatients. Appropriate nursing care can relieve much anxiety and help in faster healing. This paper presents the findings from such research carried out at a leprosy referral hospitalin north India. Adult female leprosy patients newly admitted for the first time in a leprosy referral hospital were interviewed in depth using Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and observed before and after implementing a customized nursing care plan. On admission, out of 40 women admitted more than 80% showed moderate or severe anxiety. After well planned nursing interventions only 2 continued to have severe anxiety, and a majority in all age groups showed significant reductions in anxiety levels, and responded well to leprosy care at the hospital. Well planned nursing care reduces or minimizes anxiety levels of female leprosy patients admitted first time in the hospital, and should become a standard practice in all hospital admissions. PMID:24046911

George, A; Khora, T; Das, P; Rao, P S S



A qualitative exploration of first-time fathers' experiences of becoming a father.  


This study aimed to explore first-time fathers' experiences of becoming a father, focusing on their expectations, experiences, and how they are coping with this transition. An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) epistemology and methodology were adopted as the study was focused on understanding the meaning and experiences of this transition for fathers. Nine participants were recruited from seven NCT antenatal classes. The mean age of participants was 38 years (range=30 to 46 years). Participants completed a semi-structured interview between four and eleven weeks post birth. One overarching superordinate theme was derived: 'searching for a place'. This theme consisted of three sub-themes--'the separation connection struggle', 'a sense of utility, agency and control' and 'changing focus of affection'. The findings expand on our understanding of new fathers' experiences, and suggest that first-time fathers experienced an array of psychological responses during each stage of their transition as they searched for their place as father in relation to their partner, child and work. Professionals working in antenatal and postnatal services should discuss with men the possible emotional and psychological changes they may go through to enable more realistic expectations to be considered. PMID:21941706

Chin, Rachel; Daiches, Anna; Hall, Pauline



A multi-state study on mental health evaluation for children entering foster care.  


When compared with the general United States child population, children entering foster care have elevated rates of mental health problems. This study examines: (1) state approaches to mental health evaluations for children entering foster care for the first time, (2) the consistency of these approaches with professional guidelines, and (3) whether the specific instruments endorsed are supported by available evidence. Semi-structured qualitative interviews and a document review of available protocols/policies were conducted for 47 states and the District of Columbia. All states endorsed mental health evaluations; variation existed between states in approach, timeframe, administrator, and specific instruments endorsed. PMID:23709285

Hayek, Munya; Mackie, Thomas I; Mulé, Christina M; Bellonci, Christopher; Hyde, Justeen; Bakan, Jennifer S; Leslie, Laurel K



Please photocopy this article for your students. Queen Mary University of London Tel: +44 (0)20 7882 7840 If you enter Adjustment but you don't  

E-print Network

want to force unhappy students to go to them � but they can take their time over releasing you. Check might not be the best fit for you, so don't rush into anything. Finally, if you are going verbally agree an offer with a university or college if you're absolutely sure you want it. � ACCEPT offer

Chittka, Lars


The Advanced Opportunity Program (AOP) is funded by the State of Wisconsin. AOP Fellowships are designed to assist members of groups under-represented in graduate study, and other disadvantaged students, to enter and  

E-print Network

known you, your knowledge of chosen field, motivation and seriousness, academic strength, and potential-listed classifications. New AOP Fellowship awards are for academic year (fall/spring) 2012-2013. The academic year, and doctoral students may receive up to three years of support contingent on good academic progress toward

Saldin, Dilano


Fall 2007 and Fall 2008 Snapshots of First-Time Freshmen  

E-print Network

GPA: 3.18 Average High School GPA: 3.20 Average SAT Score: 978 Average SAT Score: 984 Math 499 Math% Asian 22% Native American 0.6% Native American 0.6% International: 3% International: 1.7% Math Students 772 Undeclared Students 754 Applications Received**: 29,666 Applications Received**: 33

de Lijser, Peter


Fall 2006 and Fall 2007 Snapshots of First-Time Freshmen  

E-print Network

GPA: 3.19 Average High School GPA: 3.18 Average SAT Score: 984 Average SAT Score: 978 Math 502 Math% Asian 22% Native American 0.6% Native American 0.6% International: 3% International: 3% Math Students 821 Undeclared Students 772 Applications Received**: 27,540 Applications Received**: 29

de Lijser, Peter


Fall 2010 and Fall 2011 Snapshots of First-Time Freshmen  

E-print Network

School GPA: 3.27 Average High School GPA: 3.37 Average SAT Score: 1002 Average SAT Score: 1020 Math 511.2% International: 1.9% International: 2.4% Math/English Proficiency: Math/English Proficiency: Math 75% Math 84 Communications 160 Kinesiology 224 Undeclared Students 810 Undeclared Students 617 Applications Received**: 33

de Lijser, Peter


Fall 2009 and Fall 2010 Snapshots of First-Time Freshmen  

E-print Network

GPA: 3.27 Average High School GPA: 3.27 Average SAT Score: 997 Average SAT Score: 1002 Math 508 Math.2% International: 2.1% International: 1.9% Math/English Proficiency: Math/English Proficiency: Math 65% Math 75 Theatre 141 Communications 160 Undeclared Students 697 Undeclared Students 810 Applications Received**: 30

de Lijser, Peter


Fall 2005 and Fall 2006 Snapshots of First-Time Freshmen  

E-print Network

GPA: 3.21 Average High School GPA: 3.19 Average SAT Score: 990 Average SAT Score: 984 Math 505 Math% Asian 23% Native American 0.4% Native American 0.6% International: 2% International: 3% Math Undeclared Students 844 Undeclared Students 821 Applications Received**: 25,145 Applications Received**: 27

de Lijser, Peter


Fall 2011 and Fall 2012 Snapshots of First-Time Freshmen  

E-print Network

School GPA: 3.37 Average High School GPA: 3.39 Average SAT Score: 1020 Average SAT Score: 1027 Math 520 0.2% International: 2.4% International: 3.8% Math/English Proficiency: Math/English Proficiency Kinesiology 224 Communications 191 Undeclared Students 617 Undeclared Students 743 Applications Received**: 35

de Lijser, Peter


Effects of Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) water storage in June 2003 on Yangtze River sediment entering the estuary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world-greatest water conservancy project, Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR), stored water for the first time in June 2003, which provides an excellent opportunity to examine its effects on the sediment entering the Yangtze River estuary. A daily record dataset of water discharge and suspended sediment concentration (SSC) of the Yangtze River measured at Datong (the controlling hydrological gauging station into

Z. X. Chu; S. K. Zhai



22 CFR 51.43 - Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

...born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time. 51.43 Section 51.43 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT...born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time. (a) General. A person born outside the...



Excerpted from IPEDS Fall Enrollment Survey 201213 Part E -First-time Bachelor's Cohort Retention Rates (Full-time)  

E-print Network

Excerpted from IPEDS Fall Enrollment Survey 201213 Part E - First-time Bachelor's Cohort Retention Rates (Full-time) FULLTIME, FIRSTTIME BACHELOR'S COHORT RETENTION: E1 Fulltime, firsttime Fall 2011 - First-time Bachelor's Cohort Retention Rates (Part-time) PARTTIME, FIRSTTIME BACHELOR'S COHORT RETENTION

Kasman, Alex


Effects of Mothers against Drunk Driving's (MADD's) Victim Impact Panels on First-Time DWI Offenders: Some Initial Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessed the effects of victim impact panels (VIP) on first-time DWI (Driving While Intoxicated) offenders in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The VIP is an emotional presentation by the victim or their parents about how they were injured or their child was killed by a drunk driver. Subjects, 350 first-time offenders participated in a Mothers…

Rao, Nagesh; And Others


Cross-cultural comparison of the information sources used by first-time and repeat travelers and its marketing implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is to investigate first-time and repeat German, French, and British travelers’ use of information sources. Three research questions are proposed to explore the differences in the use of information between repeat and first-time travelers and delineate the information usage pattern among the above three groups of travelers. Accordingly, this study analyzed the data collected from a series of

Joseph S. Chen; Dogan Gursoy



Awareness, Intention, and Needs Regarding Breastfeeding: Findings from First-Time Mothers in Shanghai, China  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background and Objectives Despite efforts, a decline in breastfeeding rates has been documented in China recently. This study explored the awareness of the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for breastfeeding and intention to breastfeed among first-time mothers and identified the gap between mothers' needs and perinatal care provision regarding breastfeeding promotion. Subjects and Methods In total, 653 women at 5–22 gestational weeks were recruited from four community health centers in Shanghai, China. They completed a self-administered questionnaire at recruitment. Two focus group discussions were held among third-trimester pregnant women who had received prenatal education. Twenty-four in-depth interviews were conducted among postpartum mothers. Results During early pregnancy, a substantial proportion of mothers were not aware of the nutritional value of breastmilk (40%) or the value of exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months (80%) or any breastfeeding for 24 months (98%). The awareness of the WHO guidelines for breastfeeding was associated with intention to breastfeed (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.88, 3.78) or intention to breastfeed exclusively (adjusted OR 3.31, 95% CI 1.81, 6.06). In late pregnancy and postpartum, most mothers were still not fully aware of the breastfeeding recommendations and nutritional value of breastmilk. Limited communications with healthcare providers and lack of support for dealing with breastfeeding difficulties were reported. Conclusions Low awareness of the WHO breastfeeding guidelines was found among first-time mothers in Shanghai. Awareness of breastfeeding guidelines was independently associated with mothers' intention to breastfeed and intention to breastfeed exclusively. The health benefits of breastfeeding and the recommended duration of breastfeeding should be emphasized in prenatal education programs. PMID:22424469

Jiang, Hong; Li, Mu; Yang, Dongling; Wen, Li Ming; Hunter, Cynthia; He, Gengsheng



Department of Civil Engineering BSCE Program Advising Worksheet Page 1 of 2 University of New Hampshire For Students Entering the Program in the Fall of 2014 or Later 25 August 2014  

E-print Network

through 632 IA 401 IA 501 IA 701 ECON 401A, 402A, or EREC 411 as SS3 ENE 520 also as IA STP elective3 FA elective BSCE/Justice Studies Dual Major (all courses, C- or better) JUST 401 JUST 501 JUST 601 for incoming students 1. AP Courses: a. AP Math--AB=4/BC=3: MATH 425 optional. AB=5/BC=4: take MATH 426. BC=5

New Hampshire, University of


Entering China: an unconventional approach.  


Conventional wisdom has it that the best way to do business in China is through an equity joint venture (EJV) with a well-connected Chinese partner. But pioneering companies are starting a trend toward a new way to enter that market: as a wholly foreign-owned enterprise, or WFOE. Increasingly, says the author, joint ventures do not offer foreign companies what they need to succeed in China. For example, many companies want to do business nationally, but the prospects for finding a Chinese partner with national scope are poor. Moreover, there are often conflicting perceptions between partners about how to operate an EJV: Chinese companies, for example, typically have a more immediate interest in profits than foreign investors do. By contrast, the author asserts, WFOEs are faster to set up and easier to manage; and they allow managers to expand operations more rapidly. That makes them the perfect solution, right? The answer is a qualified yes. First, foreign companies will still need sources of guanxi, or social and political connections. Second, managers must take steps to avoid trampling on China's cultural or economic sovereignty. Third and perhaps most important, foreign companies must be prepared to bring something of value to China-usually in the form of jobs or new technology that can help the country develop. Companies willing to make the effort, says the author, can reap the rewards of China's burgeoning marketplace. PMID:10165447

Vanhonacker, W



Graduate Enrollment in Science and Engineering Increases for the First Time Since 1993  

NSF Publications Database

... 2001) This Data Brief presents information on trends in enrollment of science and engineering ... on trends in number of graduate students by field and by citizenship and race/ethnicity. Hypertext ...


What kinds of leaders are entering optometry schools?  


The purpose of this study was to determine the parameters of leadership of students entering one optometry school, assess the relation between personality types and leadership during optometry school, and forecast potential for leadership beyond school. Personality inventories of 269 students entering University of Houston College of Optometry (UHCO) from 1988 through 1990 were analyzed for personality type according to Gough's two-vector system (V1 = extroversion/introversion; V2 = norm-favoring/norm-doubting) which results in four types or life styles: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and Delta. Although some sex and ethnic differences were found, most (71%) optometry students were Alphas (extroverted/norm-favoring), accepted leaders who strive to maintain and advance consensual values. Alphas achieved well in classroom and clinic and were student leaders. A lesser number (10%), mostly women, were Gammas; extroverted but norm-questioning, Gammas can provide creative and progressive leadership. Remaining types were Betas (15%) and Deltas (4%), both introverted types who avoid leadership positions. In sum, traditional and, to a lesser degree, innovative leadership potential appears strong among optometry students; they should serve the profession well. PMID:1300525

Kegel-Flom, P



Role of nerves in enteric infection  

PubMed Central

Peripheral and central effects of enteric infection are considered. Nerves play a vital part in the immediate response to enteric infection, promoting pathogen expulsion by orchestrating intestinal secretion and propulsive motor patterns. Laboratory studies indicate that therapeutic agents aimed at modulating the neural response can profoundly alter the outcome of infection. As our understanding of the role of nerves increases, exciting new targets for therapeutic intervention will emerge in both acute and chronic disorders induced by enteric infection. PMID:12427768

Spiller, R C



Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. Method An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409 first-time mothers at 26-36 weeks of pregnancy, who participated in the Healthy Beginnings Trial conducted in southwestern Sydney, Australia. Dietary behaviours, including consumption of vegetables, fruit, water, milk, soft drinks, processed meat products, fast foods/take away and chips, were assessed using the New South Wales Health Survey questionnaire through face-to-face interviews. Factors associated with dietary behaviours were determined by logistic regression modeling. Log-binomial regression was used to calculate adjusted risk ratios (ARR). Results Only 7% of mothers reported meeting the recommended vegetable consumption and 13% reported meeting the recommended fruit consumption. Mean and median intakes per day were 2.3 (SD 1.3) and 2 serves of vegetables, and 2.1 (SD 1.4) and 2 serves of fruit respectively. About one fifth of mothers (21%) reported drinking 2 cups (500 ml) or more of soft drink per day and 12% reported consuming more than 2 meals or snacks from fast-food or takeaway outlets per week. A small percentage of mothers (5%) had experienced food insecurity over the past 12 months. There were significant inverse associations between water and soft drink consumption (Spearman's ? -0.20, P < 0.001), and between fruit and fast food/takeaway consumption (Spearman's ? -0.16, P = 0.001). The dietary behaviours were associated with a variety of socio-demographic characteristics, but no single factor was associated with all the dietary behaviours. Conclusions There were low reported levels of vegetable and fruit consumption and high reported levels of soft drink and takeaway/fast food consumption among pregnant women. Dietary interventions to prevent adverse health consequences need to be tailored to meet the needs of pregnant women of low socio-economic status in order to improve their own healthy eating behaviors. Increasing water and fruit consumption could lead to reduced consumption of soft drink and takeaway/fast food among pregnant women. Trial Registration HBT is registered with the Australian Clinical Trial Registry (ACTRNO12607000168459) PMID:20181084



Graduate Enrollment in Science and Engineering Programs Up in 2003, but Declines for First-Time Foreign Students  

NSF Publications Database

... gov/statistics/. For further information, contact Julia Oliver Human Resources Statistics Program ... Division of Science Resources Statistics National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite ...


Impressions of breastfeeding information and support among first-time mothers within a multiethnic community.  


The purpose of this study was to document mothers' perceptions of breastfeeding information and support received from hospital- and community-based health professionals within a multiethnic community. A telephone survey was conducted to assess: mothers' impressions of professional support for breastfeeding, whether recommended breastfeeding practices were followed by health professionals, and the nature and sources of breastfeeding information received. An ethnically diverse sample of 108 first-time breastfeeding mothers was surveyed at 3 weeks postpartum. Overall, the mothers' evaluations of professional support for breastfeeding were positive, even though they reported breastfeeding practices that fell short of recommended standards. Immigrant mothers were found more likely to experience hospital practices detrimental to breastfeeding success than Canadian-born mothers, but were also found more likely to receive professional breastfeeding support in the community. Significant differences were also found between immigrant and Canadian-born mothers in the sources of their breastfeeding information. The findings underscore the key role of nurses in ensuring the promotion and optimal support of breastfeeding. PMID:11845621

Loiselle, C G; Semenic, S E; Côté, B; Lapointe, M; Gendron, R



Freedom Star tows a barge with an SLWT into Port Canaveral for the first time  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Freedom Star, one of NASA's two solid rocket booster recovery ships, tows a barge containing the third Space Shuttle super lightweight external tank (SLWT) into Port Canaveral. This SLWT will be used to launch the orbiter Discovery on mission STS-95 in October. This first-time towing arrangement, part of a cost savings plan by NASA to prudently manage existing resources, began June 12 from the Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans where the Shuttle's external tanks are manufactured. The barge will now be transported up the Banana River to the LC-39 turn basin using a conventional tugboat. Previously, NASA relied on an outside contractor to provide external tank towing services at a cost of about $120,000 per trip. The new plan allows NASA's Space Flight Operations contractor, United Space Alliance (USA), to provide the same service directly to NASA using the recovery ships during their downtime between Shuttle launches. Studies show a potential savings of about $50,000 per trip. The cost of the necessary ship modifications should be paid back by the fourteenth tank delivery. The other recovery ship, Liberty Star, has also undergone deck strengthening enhancements and will soon have the necessary towing winch installed. The other recovery vessel, Liberty Star, has undergone deck strengthening enhancements along with Freedom Star and will soon have the necessary towing winch installed.



Freedom Star tows a barge with an SLWT into Port Canaveral for the first time  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Freedom Star, one of NASA's two solid rocket booster recovery ships, tows a barge containing the third Space Shuttle super lightweight external tank (SLWT) into Port Canaveral. This SLWT will be used to launch the orbiter Discovery on mission STS-95 in October. This first-time towing arrangement, part of a cost savings plan by NASA to prudently manage existing resources, began June 12 from the Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans where the Shuttle's external tanks are manufactured. The barge will now be transported up the Banana River to the LC-39 turn basin using a conventional tugboat. Previously, NASA relied on an outside contractor to provide external tank towing services at a cost of about $120,000 per trip. The new plan allows NASA's Space Flight Operations contractor, United Space Alliance (USA), to provide the same service directly to NASA using the recovery ships during their downtime between Shuttle launches. Studies show a potential savings of about $50,000 per trip. The cost of the necessary ship modifications should be paid back by the fourteenth tank delivery. The other recovery ship, Liberty Star, has also undergone deck strengthening enhancements and will soon have the necessary towing winch installed.



Designing and interpreting the results of first-time-to-man studies  

PubMed Central

First human administration of a new chemical entity (NCE) constitutes a critical step in drug development. The primary objective of such a study is the assessment of the shortterm safety and tolerability of single and multiple doses of the NCE in healthy volunteers. Secondary objectives are to obtain preliminary data on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics using surrogate or biornarkers of the beneficial as well as the adverse effects of the drug. Interpretation of safety data should be cautious and mainly based on comparisons with placebo. A special focus should be made on the assessment of adverse events, liver enzymes, and cardiac repolarization. Well-designed, first-time-to-man studies should determine the safety of the NCE in humans and predict the dose range that may be used to safely and accurately conduct further clinical trials in the target patient population based on safety data (maximum tolerated dose), pharmacodynamics (minimum active dose, duration of action, and dosage regimen), and pharmacokinetics (dosage regimen). PMID:22033693

Patat, Alain A.



Fall 2004 and Fall 2005 Snapshots of First-Time Freshmen  

E-print Network

GPA: 3.23 Average High School GPA: 3.21 Average SAT Score: 991 Average SAT Score: 990 Math 507 Math% Asian 22% Native American 0.4% Native American 0.4% International: 3% International: 2% Math Biology 169 Psychology 148 Criminal Justice 152 Theatre 124 Liberal Studies 126 Undeclared Students 805

de Lijser, Peter


Data Doubts Plague States, Federal Law: First-Time Reports on Progress Due  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of schools that have failed to make "adequate yearly progress" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act is proving to be a moving target, as states clean up erroneous data and grant appeals to schools that challenge the unwanted label. Under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that aims to raise students academic progress,…

Olson, Lynn



Vol. 14 Spring 2005 he first time I heard of the  

E-print Network

children, ages nine and under. Kincaid Institute for Communication Research gains new home could continue exploring cognitive and emotional responses to media. In hind- sight, it seems strange that all this precise-year PhD student. Schwartz's study was conducted in the ICR and explored the cognitive processing effects

Indiana University


Teaching English for the First Time: Anxiety among Japanese Elementary-School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English language education officially started in Japanese elementary schools in 2009. Homeroom teachers, whether experienced or not, are responsible for teaching the subject to students. Additionally, teachers are often required to team-teach with a native English speaker. It is plausible that Japanese teachers are anxious about teaching English.…

Machida, Tomohisa



Educational outcomes necessary to enter pharmacy residency training.  


It is the position of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) that formal postgraduate residency training, or equivalent experience, is required to enter direct patient care practice. Therefore, it is important to align professional degree educational outcomes with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to enter residency training. This position statement addresses the outcomes necessary in the professional degree program curriculum to ensure the ability of pharmacy graduates to transition effectively into postgraduate year one residency training. Five key outcome areas are identified: communication, direct patient care, professionalism, research, and practice management. The position statement examines how performance in each of the five outcome areas should be addressed by professional degree programs. The ACCP believes that for the student to achieve the clinical proficiency necessary to enter residency training, the professional degree program should emphasize, assess, and provide adequate opportunities for students to practice: communication with patients, caregivers, and members of the health care team in direct patient care environments; provision of direct patient care in a wide variety of practice settings, especially those involving patient-centered, team-based care; professionalism under the supervision and guidance of faculty and preceptors who model and teach the traits of a health care professional; application of principles of research that engender an appreciation for the role of research and scholarship in one's professional development; and application of practice management, including documentation of direct patient care activities that affect drug-related outcomes. PMID:24753155

Hester, Elizabeth Kelly; McBane, Sarah E; Bottorff, Michael B; Carnes, Tristan A; Dell, Kamila; Gonyeau, Michael J; Greco, Angelo J; McConnell, Karen J; Skaar, Debra J; Splinter, Michele Y; Trujillo, Toby C



Some Observations on Attrition of Students from Canadian Medical Schools  

PubMed Central

Students who entered their freshman year for the first time in 1958 and in 1959, from all medical schools in Canada, and those entering the four Western schools in 1960 were studied from the time they matriculated until they either graduated or withdrew from medical school. The rate of attrition is about 15% of matriculants each year, with the lowest rate at the University of Western Ontario (1.7%) and the highest at the University of Ottawa (33.6%) over the time period studied. Attrition was classified as academic and non-academic. Significantly higher rates were found in the case of non-academic attrition for women and in the case of academic attrition for Commonwealth students. Significantly higher rates for both types of attrition were found for older students and students who had attended undergraduate colleges different from their medical school colleges. It would appear from available statistics that the factors which combine to produce attrition are the intellectual and personality characteristics of the student, school promotional policies and evaluation methods. PMID:6019678

Anderson, Donald O.; Riches, Eleanor




E-print Network

FACTORS PREDISPOSING CALVES FOR E. COLI ENTERITIS L. PROHÁSZKA Vetevinavy Medical Reseavch outbreaks of E. coli enteritis were studied. It was found that in newborn calves the serum bicarbonate level rose/32-35 meq/l/at 2-5 days of age at the critical time of E. coli infection and normalized again/22

Boyer, Edmond


Substance-Use Disorders and Poverty as Prospective Predictors of First-Time Homelessness in the United States  

PubMed Central

Objectives We examined whether substance-use disorders and poverty predicted first-time homelessness over 3 years. Methods We analyzed longitudinal data from waves 1 (2001–2002) and 2 (2004–2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to determine the main and interactive effects of wave 1 substance use disorders and poverty on first-time homelessness by wave 2, among those who were never homeless at wave 1 (n = 30 558). First-time homelessness was defined as having no regular place to live or having to live with others for 1 month or more as a result of having no place of one’s own since wave 1. Results Alcohol-use disorders (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.34), drug-use disorders (AOR = 2.51), and poverty (AOR = 1.34) independently increased prospective risk for first-time homelessness, after adjustment for ecological variables. Substance-use disorders and poverty interacted to differentially influence risk for first-time homelessness (P < .05), before, but not after, adjustment for controls. Conclusions This study reinforces the importance of both substance-use disorders and poverty in the risk for first-time homelessness, and can serve as a benchmark for future studies. Substance abuse treatment should address financial status and risk of future homelessness. PMID:24148043

Thompson, Ronald G.; Wall, Melanie M.; Greenstein, Eliana; Grant, Bridget F.; Hasin, Deborah S.



First-time parenthood: influences on pre- and postnatal adjustment in fathers and mothers.  


The objective of the study was to examine moods and adjustment through the transition to parenthood as an issue affecting the couple; to examine not only the postpartum but also the pregnancy experience and to explore how each partner's experiences interact with those of the other. A longitudinal repeated measures design was utilized with 327 healthy couples with a first-time pregnancy who were from Melbourne, Victoria in 1995-98. Each partner was interviewed on four occasions: mid- and late pregnancy, early postpartum and 4 months postnatally. Twenty per cent of mothers and 12% of fathers were significantly distressed at mid-pregnancy (Time 1) and this persisted until the early postpartum (Time 3) phase. Young age (particularly in women), negative mood, poor relationship functioning, gender role stress (particularly performance failure regarding work and sex in males) and low social support predicted distress in mid-pregnancy (Time 1). Negative mood in partner and self, and poor relationship functioning at mid-pregnancy predicted vulnerability to postnatal distress (Time 3 and/or Time 4). The incidence of distress in couples during mid- and late pregnancy is of concern and highlights the importance of considering the total transition to parenthood, not only the onset of postnatal distress. The analyses of predictors of postnatal distress from prenatal variables suggest that a 'contagion of distress' may operate in some couples. The standard management provided for couples experiencing pregnancy may be inadequate for many couples. These findings suggest that it is important to consider the mood and relationship quality of both partners and to offer intervention services as early as possible to offset possible progression into postnatal depression. PMID:10994183

Morse, C A; Buist, A; Durkin, S



First-time parents' expectations about the division of childcare and play.  


The current study examines violated expectations regarding the division of childcare and play in first-time parents during the initial transition to parenthood. The study's goal was threefold: (a) to compare prenatal expectations with the reported postpartum division of childcare and play, (b) to compare the influence of the reported division versus violated expectations on postpartum relationship satisfaction and depression, and (c) to examine the role of persistent violations of expectations on these outcomes. Couples expecting their first child were interviewed during the third trimester of pregnancy and at 1 and 4 months postpartum. Results indicated both mothers and fathers have unrealistic expectations during pregnancy; interestingly, the direction violation was opposite but converging for mothers and fathers. As found in prior research, mothers experienced unmet expectations with fathers doing less than mothers expected. Fathers, on the other hand, experienced overmet expectations with mothers doing more than fathers expected. Violated expectations were also a stronger predictor of depression and relationship satisfaction than the reported division, although again in opposite directions for mothers and fathers. Unmet expectations were negative for mothers, while overmet expectations with regard to childcare tasks were beneficial for fathers. The one caveat was for fathers' overmet expectations with play; in this case, a mother playing with the baby more than a father expected was related to less relationship satisfaction. A similar pattern of results was found for mothers and fathers with persistent violations. This study highlights the importance of understanding violated expectations in both mothers and fathers, as well as examining play separately from childcare. PMID:22182336

Biehle, Susanne N; Mickelson, Kristin D



Effects of Ramadan on physical capacities of North African boys fasting for the first time  

PubMed Central

Introduction Most of the literature related to the effects of Ramadan fasting on physical performance has focused on adults, and only three studies have examined its impact on children’s physical performance. Aims To examine the effects of Ramadan fasting on first-time fasting boys’ performance in short-term explosive exercises [vertical and horizontal jump tests (VJT and HJT), 20-m and 30-m sprints and medicine-ball throw (MBT)], as well as in sub-maximal endurance [6-min walking distance (6MWD) measured during the 6-min walk test (6MWT)]. Methods Eighteen Tunisian boys [mean±standard deviation (SD) of age and body mass (BM): 11.9±0.8 y and 55.4±18.2 kg, respectively] were included. The experimental design comprised four testing phases: 2-weeks before Ramadan (BR), the end of the second week (R2) and the fourth week (R4) of Ramadan, and 10–12 days after the end of Ramadan (AR). At each phase, boys performed two test sessions in the afternoon (15:00–17:00 h) interrupted by 48 h of recovery (first test session: BM, VJT, HJT, and 20-m and 30-m sprint tests; second session: MBT and 6MWT). The study was conducted during the summer of 2012 from July 5 to August 29. Results 6MWDs (m) were significantly shorter during R2 (652±101) and R4 (595±123) compared to BR (697±86) and came back to baseline values AR. BM (kg) mean±SD did not significantly change during R2 (52±15) and during R4 (53±15) compared to BR (55±17), and short-term explosive performances were unchanged throughout the study. Conclusion In non-athletic children, first-ever Ramadan fasting impairs sub-maximal aerobic capacity but has no effect on BM or short-term explosive performance. PMID:25261691

Fenneni, Mohamed A.; Latiri, Imed; Aloui, Asma; Rouatbi, Sonia; Saafi, Mohamed A.; Bougmiza, Iheb; Chamari, Karim; Saad, Helmi Ben



Asterless Licenses Daughter Centrioles to Duplicate for the First Time in Drosophila Embryos  

PubMed Central

Summary Centrioles form centrosomes and cilia, and defects in any of these three organelles are associated with human disease [1]. Centrioles duplicate once per cell cycle, when a mother centriole assembles an adjacent daughter during S phase. Daughter centrioles cannot support the assembly of another daughter until they mature into mothers during the next cell cycle [2–5]. The molecular nature of this daughter-to-mother transition remains mysterious. Pioneering studies in C. elegans identified a set of core proteins essential for centriole duplication [6–12], and a similar set have now been identified in other species [10, 13–18]. The protein kinase ZYG-1/Sak/Plk4 recruits the inner centriole cartwheel components SAS-6 and SAS-5/Ana2/STIL, which then recruit SAS-4/CPAP, which in turn helps assemble the outer centriole microtubules [19, 20]. In flies and humans, the Asterless/Cep152 protein interacts with Sak/Plk4 and Sas-4/CPAP and is required for centriole duplication, although its precise role in the assembly pathway is unclear [21–24]. Here, we show that Asl is not incorporated into daughter centrioles as they assemble during S phase but is only incorporated once mother and daughter separate at the end of mitosis. The initial incorporation of Asterless (Asl) is irreversible, requires DSas-4, and, crucially, is essential for daughter centrioles to mature into mothers that can support centriole duplication. We therefore propose a “dual-licensing” model of centriole duplication, in which Asl incorporation provides a permanent primary license to allow new centrioles to duplicate for the first time, while centriole disengagement provides a reduplication license to allow mother centrioles to duplicate again. PMID:24835456

Novak, Zsofia A.; Conduit, Paul T.; Wainman, Alan; Raff, Jordan W.



Asterless licenses daughter centrioles to duplicate for the first time in Drosophila embryos.  


Centrioles form centrosomes and cilia, and defects in any of these three organelles are associated with human disease [1]. Centrioles duplicate once per cell cycle, when a mother centriole assembles an adjacent daughter during S phase. Daughter centrioles cannot support the assembly of another daughter until they mature into mothers during the next cell cycle [2-5]. The molecular nature of this daughter-to-mother transition remains mysterious. Pioneering studies in C. elegans identified a set of core proteins essential for centriole duplication [6-12], and a similar set have now been identified in other species [10, 13-18]. The protein kinase ZYG-1/Sak/Plk4 recruits the inner centriole cartwheel components SAS-6 and SAS-5/Ana2/STIL, which then recruit SAS-4/CPAP, which in turn helps assemble the outer centriole microtubules [19, 20]. In flies and humans, the Asterless/Cep152 protein interacts with Sak/Plk4 and Sas-4/CPAP and is required for centriole duplication, although its precise role in the assembly pathway is unclear [21-24]. Here, we show that Asl is not incorporated into daughter centrioles as they assemble during S phase but is only incorporated once mother and daughter separate at the end of mitosis. The initial incorporation of Asterless (Asl) is irreversible, requires DSas-4, and, crucially, is essential for daughter centrioles to mature into mothers that can support centriole duplication. We therefore propose a "dual-licensing" model of centriole duplication, in which Asl incorporation provides a permanent primary license to allow new centrioles to duplicate for the first time, while centriole disengagement provides a reduplication license to allow mother centrioles to duplicate again. PMID:24835456

Novak, Zsofia A; Conduit, Paul T; Wainman, Alan; Raff, Jordan W



The Effects of Two College Orientation Courses upon the Academic Performance and Retention of Entering Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1981, entering freshmen at Bronx Community College (BCC) were encouraged to attend a 10-week non-credit orientation course (SPD-99), in which counselors used a variety of materials and instructional procedures to assist students with their educational, career, and personal development and to introduce students to various campus resources…

Donnangelo, Frank P.; Santa Rita, Emilio D.


Activities for social skills development in deaf children preparing to enter the mainstream  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of regular education teachers was surveyed to assess the social skills of recently mainstreamed students from oral deaf programs in their classrooms. In addition, a curriculum of social skills activities was developed to help prepare students from oral deaf schools to enter the mainstream.

Dorie L. Noll



Student attitudes toward cadaveric dissection at a UK medical school.  


A more humanistic approach toward dissection has emerged. However, student attitudes toward this approach are unknown and the influences on such attitudes are little understood. One hundred and fifty-six first-year medical students participated in a study examining firstly, attitudes toward the process of dissection and the personhood of the cadaver and secondly, the extent to which gender, anxiety, exposure to dissection, bereavement and prior experience of a dead body influenced these attitudes. Attitudes toward dissection were assessed by of levels of agreement toward eleven statements and by selection of adjectives describing possible feelings toward dissection. Students were asked about recent bereavement, whether they had seen a dead body prior to starting their course and exposure to dissection when completing the questionnaire. Validated instruments were used to measure disposition toward generalized anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and toward death anxiety (Collett-Lester Death Anxiety Scale). Between 60% and 94% of students held positive attitudes toward the process of dissection and over 70% of students selected 2 or fewer negative adjectives. Students' attitudes toward the personhood of the cadaver were more disparate. Disposition toward anxiety (particularly death anxiety), and exposure to dissection, influenced attitudes. Female gender and recent bereavement exerted a negative influence. Students with higher levels of anxiety experienced more negative feelings and those recently bereaved were less enthusiastic about dissection. Anticipation of dissection may be worse than reality. Sensitive preparation of students prior to entering the dissecting room for the first time may be beneficial. PMID:21656918

Quince, Thelma A; Barclay, Stephen I G; Spear, Michelle; Parker, Richard A; Wood, Diana F



Enteral Nutrition and Acute Pancreatitis: A Review  

PubMed Central

Introduction. In patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), nutritional support is required if normal food cannot be tolerated within several days. Enteral nutrition is preferred over parenteral nutrition. We reviewed the literature about enteral nutrition in AP. Methods. A MEDLINE search of the English language literature between 1999–2009. Results. Nasogastric tube feeding appears to be safe and well tolerated in the majority of patients with severe AP, rendering the concept of pancreatic rest less probable. Enteral nutrition has a beneficial influence on the outcome of AP and should probably be initiated as early as possible (within 48 hours). Supplementation of enteral formulas with glutamine or prebiotics and probiotics cannot routinely be recommended. Conclusions. Nutrition therapy in patients with AP emerged from supportive adjunctive therapy to a proactive primary intervention. Large multicentre studies are needed to confirm the safety and effectiveness of nasogastric feeding and to investigate the role of early nutrition support. PMID:20811543

Spanier, B. W. M.; Bruno, M. J.; Mathus-Vliegen, E. M. H.



Bush Enters the Middle East Fray.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On 24 June, President George Bush finally entered the fray of Middle East peace making. During his first year in office, his administration had steadfastly refused to get involved in the Palestinian-Israeli dispute, believing such personal intervention by...

G. E. Robinson



Detection of enteric pathogens by the nodosome.  


Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain protein (NOD)1 and NOD2 participate in signaling pathways that detect pathogen-induced processes, such as the presence of peptidoglycan fragments in the host cell cytosol, as danger signals. Recent work suggests that peptidoglycan fragments activate NOD1 indirectly, through activation of the small Rho GTPase Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (RAC1). Excessive activation of small Rho GTPases by virulence factors of enteric pathogens also triggers the NOD1 signaling pathway. Many enteric pathogens use virulence factors that alter the activation state of small Rho GTPases, thereby manipulating the host cell cytoskeleton of intestinal epithelial cells to promote bacterial attachment or entry. These data suggest that the NOD1 signaling pathway in intestinal epithelial cells provides an important sentinel function for detecting 'breaking and entering' by enteric pathogens. PMID:24268520

Keestra, A Marijke; Bäumler, Andreas J



TT2013 meeting report: the Transgenic Technology meeting visits Asia for the first time.  


The 11th Transgenic Technology meeting was held in Guangzhou, China on 25th-27th February 2013. Over 300 scientists and students from round the world gathered to hear the latest developments in the technologies underpinning the creation of transgenic and knockout animals and their application to biological sciences in areas such as the modeling human diseases and biotechnology. As well as informative presentations from leading researchers in the field, an excellent selection of short talks selected from abstracts and posters, attendees were also treated to an inspiring talk from Allan Bradley who was awarded the 9th International Society of Transgenic Technologies Prize for outstanding contributions to the field of transgenic technologies. PMID:23604583

Strathdee, Douglas; Whitelaw, C Bruce A



Student Persistence Rates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992, a study was undertaken to measure student persistence at Los Angeles City College (LACC) over a 3-year period. A total of 462 new, entering students were selected from a larger, random sample of 1,250 full- and part-time students who had enrolled in credit courses in spring 1989. Descriptive items, such as student characteristics and…

Agosto, David; And Others


"Enter-educate." Reaching youth with messages of sexual responsibility.  


Messages about sexual relationships, the prevention of pregnancy and disease, education, the empowerment of women, and concern for the environment are increasingly being disseminated to audiences of all ages through the use of entertainment. Ideas are presented in this Enter-Educate approach through popular, enjoyable entertainment in the form of songs, dramas, soap operas, variety shows, and other folk media. This approach can be adapted to be acceptable and effective in all cultures. Yafaman is one such example. It is a drama written and acted by high school students in Cote d'Ivoire which depicts the story of a school girl who learns that her older, married boyfriend is no longer interested in her when she becomes pregnant. After winning the annual national drama contest, Yafaman was televised and broadcast widely in schools and on national networks in francophone Africa. The video has also been dubbed in English for wider use. Popular music has delivered effective messages of sexual responsibility to young adults in Latin America and the Philippines. The US Agency for International Development-funded Population Communication Services project at the Johns Hopkins University supports 36 major Enter-Educate television series and specials, nine radio dramas, three songs, and nine music videos. Other organizations are expanding or experimenting with work in this area. The authors discuss the theoretical basis for Enter-Educate projects and explain that the approach works because it is pervasive, popular, personal, passionate, persuasive, practical, profitable, and proven effective. PMID:12319369

Piotrow, P T; Rimon, J G



The Scope of Entering Freshman Drug Use at the University of South Carolina. A Report of the Annual Entering Freshmen Drug Survey Conducted During Summer Orientation, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1975 Entering Freshmen Drug Survey was administered during alternate weeks at Summer Orientation to obtain a representative sample. A false drug (derbisol) was included in the questionnaire as a validity check. A total of 848 students (28 percent of the freshman class) was surveyed. The data indicated a stabilization of drug usage for most…

Fidler, Paul P.; Bucy, Eileen McGinity


Collagen structure deciphered CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--For the first time, an MIT researcher's atom-by-atom study of the  

E-print Network

Collagen structure deciphered CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--For the first time, an MIT researcher's atom-by-atom study of the deformation and fracture of collagen explains Nature's design of its most abundant protein material. It is due to the basis of the collagen structure that leads to its high strength and ability

Buehler, Markus J.


Social support during childbirth as a catalyst for early breastfeeding initiation for first-time Nigerian mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Initiation of breastfeeding can be difficult in a busy maternity centre with inadequate manpower and social support. This study aims to explore the role of psychosocial support offered by companions on breastfeeding initiation among first-time mothers. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of a randomised controlled trial conducted among women attending the antenatal clinic of the University College

Imran O Morhason-Bello; Babatunde O Adedokun; Oladosu A Ojengbede



An Autoethnography of a First-Time School District Superintendent: Complicated by Issues of Race, Gender, and Persistent Fiscal Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This inquiry used autoethnography methodology in a self-narrative format that places the self within the position of a first time Superintendent as an African American woman. The design of this research will allow the reader to travel with me through my experiences to obtain information about the challenges and obstacles of the superintendent…

Dailey, Ardella Jones



Adolescent and adult first time mothers' health seeking practices during pregnancy and early motherhood in Wakiso district, central Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Maternal health services have a potentially critical role in the improvement of reproductive health. In order to get a better understanding of adolescent mothers'needs we compared health seeking practices of first time adolescent and adult mothers during pregnancy and early motherhood in Wakiso district, Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between May and August, 2007 in Wakiso

Lynn Atuyambe; Florence Mirembe; Nazarius M Tumwesigye; Johansson Annika; Edward K Kirumira; Elisabeth Faxelid



SaskEnergyAward forEnteringAboriginalStudents  

E-print Network

by email at or by telephone at (306) 966-1212. 2.ApplicantInformation Last Name First Name) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ CONTINUED ON REVERSE ¡ Bachelor of Arts in English ¡ Bachelor of Science in these disciplines: Renewable Resource Management, Economics, Computer Science, Environmental Earth Sciences, Geology, Land Use

Peak, Derek


The Mathematical Assessment of Students Entering University Engineering Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Newly developed approaches to assessing the mathematics achievement of applicants to college engineering courses in the United Kingdom are described, focusing on computer administered and scored multiple choice questions (MCQ) as part of the assessment. A review of research suggests that MCQ are particularly useful for initial diagnostic purposes.…

Hibberd, Stephen



Microbiome Associations of Therapeutic Enteral Nutrition  

PubMed Central

One of the most effective forms of therapeutic enteral nutrition is designated as “exclusive enteral nutrition” (EEN). EEN constitutes the monotonous enteral delivery of complete liquid nutrition and has been most explored in the treatment Crohn’s disease (CD), a form of inflammatory bowel disease. While EEN’s mechanisms of action are not clearly understood, it has been shown to modify the composition of the intestinal microbiome, an important component of CD pathogenesis. The current literature on the intestinal microbiome in healthy individuals and CD patients is reviewed with respect to EEN therapy. Further investigations in this field are needed to better understand the role and potential for EEN in chronic human disorders. PMID:25421531

Shah, Rajesh; Kellermayer, Richard



Quinolone and Cephalosporin Resistance in Enteric Fever  

PubMed Central

Enteric fever is a major public health problem in developing countries. Ciprofloxacin resistance has now become a norm in the Indian subcontinent. Novel molecular substitutions may become frequent in future owing to selective pressures exerted by the irrational use of ciprofloxacin in human and veterinary therapeutics, in a population endemic with nalidixic acid-resistant strains. The therapeutics of ciprofloxacin-resistant enteric fever narrows down to third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins, azithromycin, tigecycline and penems. The first-line antimicrobials ampicillin, chloramphenicol and co-trimoxazole need to be rolled back. Antimicrobial surveillance coupled with molecular analysis of fluoroquinolone resistance is warranted for reconfirming novel and established molecular patterns for therapeutic reappraisal and for novel-drug targets. This review explores the antimicrobial resistance and its molecular mechanisms, as well as novel drugs in the therapy of enteric fever. PMID:20927288

Capoor, Malini Rajinder; Nair, Deepthi



46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Cables entering boxes. 111.81-3...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL...Junction Boxes § 111.81-3 Cables entering boxes. Each cable entering a box or...




ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational consumerism continues to be the major focus of litigation involving students. Disputes over admissions practices, grades, academic terminations, and financial aid comprised the largest proportion of cases reported this year. The section on academic affairs is the largest single section. As the job market gets tighter and the cost of…

Gehring, Donald D.; Young, D. Parker


The radiological features of chronic radiation enteritis.  


The radiological findings, using a single-contrast barium infusion technique, are described in a series of 13 patients with chronic radiation enteritis. The signs include evidence of submucosal thickening, single or multiple stenoses, adhesions and sinus or fistula formation. A combination of these signs characterises the condition. This technique is particularly suited to the investigation of radiation enteritis because of its ability to distend maximally the small intestine. A cause, stenosis and/or adhesions, was demonstrated in the eight of the 13 patients presenting with intermittent small-intestinal obstruction. Three patients had diarrhoea as their predominant complaint and a fistula was demonstrated in two. PMID:4064491

Mendelson, R M; Nolan, D J



Entering a Crack: An Encounter with Gossip  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I enter a crack to think otherwise about the concept "gossip". Drawing on previous scholarship engaging with Deleuzian concepts to inform research methodologies, this paper builds on this body of work. Following Deleuze and Guattari, the paper undertakes a mapping of gossip, subsequent to an encounter with a crack.…

Henderson, Linda




Microsoft Academic Search

Outbreaks of a disease characterized by severe necrotic enteritis occurred among Canada geese (Branta canadensis), lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens caerulescens), Ross' geese (A. rossi), and white-fronted geese (A. albifrons) on lakes in Saskatchewan and Manitoba during the autumn of 1983, 1984 and 1985. Ducks usingthe lakes were apparently not affected. Lesions in the geese closely resembled those described in

G. Wobeser; D. J. Rainnie


enter part number BNC / RP-BNC  

E-print Network

enter part number Products 7/16 1.0/2.3 1.6/5.6 AFI AMC BNC / RP-BNC C FAKRA SMB FME HN MCX Mini ------- Product Search ------- Inventory Search Search Results for: 31-10152-RFX Results: 1 - 1 of 1 Part Number. All rights reserved. Copyright | Terms & Conditions | RF E-Mail Client | Contact Us | Amphenol

Berns, Hans-Gerd


Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A elaborate distinct systemic metabolite signatures during enteric fever.  


The host-pathogen interactions induced by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A during enteric fever are poorly understood. This knowledge gap, and the human restricted nature of these bacteria, limit our understanding of the disease and impede the development of new diagnostic approaches. To investigate metabolite signals associated with enteric fever we performed two dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC/TOFMS) on plasma from patients with S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi A infections and asymptomatic controls, identifying 695 individual metabolite peaks. Applying supervised pattern recognition, we found highly significant and reproducible metabolite profiles separating S. Typhi cases, S. Paratyphi A cases, and controls, calculating that a combination of six metabolites could accurately define the etiological agent. For the first time we show that reproducible and serovar specific systemic biomarkers can be detected during enteric fever. Our work defines several biologically plausible metabolites that can be used to detect enteric fever, and unlocks the potential of this method in diagnosing other systemic bacterial infections. PMID:24902583

Näsström, Elin; Vu Thieu, Nga Tran; Dongol, Sabina; Karkey, Abhilasha; Voong Vinh, Phat; Ha Thanh, Tuyen; Johansson, Anders; Arjyal, Amit; Thwaites, Guy; Dolecek, Christiane; Basnyat, Buddha; Baker, Stephen; Antti, Henrik



Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor: a new player for the enteric nervous system.  


The enteric nervous system (ENS) controls and modulates gut motility and responds to food intake and to internal and external stimuli such as toxins or inflammation. Its plasticity is maintained throughout life by neural progenitor cells within the enteric stem cell niche. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is known to act not only on cells of the immune system but also on neurons and neural progenitors in the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we demonstrate, for the first time, that G-CSF receptor is present on enteric neurons and progenitors and that G-CSF plays a role in the expansion and differentiation of enteric neural progenitor cells. Cultured mouse ENS-neurospheres show increased expansion with increased G-CSF concentrations, in contrast to CNS-derived spheres. In cultures from differentiated ENS- and CNS-neurospheres, neurite outgrowth density is enhanced depending on the amount of G-CSF in the culture. G-CSF might be an important factor in the regeneration and differentiation of the ENS and might be a useful tool for the investigation and treatment of ENS disorders. PMID:24253464

Schuster, Anne; Klotz, Markus; Schwab, Tanja; Lilischkis, Rainer; Schneider, Armin; Schäfer, Karl-Herbert



Global Risk Factors and the Prediction of Recidivism Rates in a Sample of First-Time Misdemeanant Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the prediction of recidivism using the Global Risk Assessment Device (GRAD), a reliable and valid measure of dynamic factors associated with family characteristics, peers, mental health, substance abuse, trauma exposure, educational concerns, accountability, and health risks. Using a sample of adult caregivers of first-time misdemeanant offenders, two factors—education and accountability—were significantly associated with recidivistic behavior, supporting the

Stephen M. Gavazzi; Courtney M. Yarcheck; Jason M. Sullivan; Sheri C. Jones; Atika Khurana



Postiaalni Niemelä & Vampola (Basidiomycota, Polyporales) - member of the problematic Postiacaesia complex - has been found for the first time in Hungary.  


Due to their bluish basidiocarps the Postiacaesia (syn. Oligoporuscaesius) complex forms a distinctive morphological group within the polypore genus Postia Fr., 1874. Five species of this group occur in Europe: Postiaalni Niemelä & Vampola, Postiacaesia (Schrad.) P. Karst., Postialuteocaesia (A. David) Jülich, Postiamediterraneocaesia M. Pierre & B. Rivoire and Postiasubcaesia (A. David) Jülich. In this study Postiaalni is reported for the first time from Hungary. The dichotomous key of the species of the European Postiacaesia complex was prepared as well. PMID:24855437

Papp, Viktor



Postpartum Adjustment in First-Time Mothers: Relations Between Mood, Maternal Attitudes, and Mother–Infant Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study investigated the relation between mood, attitudes, and behaviors in a middle-income sample of first-time mothers. Self-report data were obtained from these women during pregnancy and at 1 and 3 months postpartum, and behavioral interactions between the mother and her infant were observed at 3 days and 1, 3, and 16 months postpartum. The main analyses revealed that

Alison S. Fleming; Diane N. Ruble; Gordon L. Flett; David L. Shaul



Preventing Alcohol-Related Convictions: The Effect of a Novel Curriculum for First-Time Offenders on DUI Recidivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine whether DUI offenders can better avoid future drinking and driving by controlling their vehicle usage rather than by controlling their drinking.Methods. Using a randomized experimental post-test only design, 9,571 first-time DUI offenders were randomly assigned to receive one of two 12-hour educational programs: a traditional DUI curriculum or the PARC (Preventing Alcohol-Related Convictions) curriculum, which uses a

Raamses Rider; Robert B. Voas; Tara Kelley-Baker; Milton Grosz; Bernard Murphy



The impact of remedial intervention on 3-year recidivism among first-time DUI offenders in Mississippi  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of the Mississippi Alcohol Safety Education Program (MASEP), a court-mandated intervention program, on 3-year recidivism rates among first-time DUI offenders (i.e. those convicted of a first offense for driving under the influence of alcohol or another drug). It also examines whether a new version of the curriculum that incorporates activities to enhance motivation for change

Angela A. Robertson; Sheena Gardner; Xiaohe Xu; Humphrey Costello



Perceived and observed parenting behavior in American and Italian first-time mothers across the first 3 months  

Microsoft Academic Search

This short-term longitudinal study investigated cross-cultural universality (similarities) and cultural specificity (differences) in American and Italian first-time mothers’ perceived parenting efficacy and observed parenting behavior in early infancy. Thirty-two mother–infant dyads from the United States (n=16) and Italy (n=16) participated in this study at 1 and 3 months across the first developmental transition. Maternal self-efficacy in parenting was assessed by

Hui-Chin Hsu; Manuela Lavelli



Separation anxiety in first-time mothers: Infant behavioral reactivity and maternal parenting self-efficacy as contributors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This short-term longitudinal study examined the contribution of infant behavioral reactivity and maternal parenting self-efficacy to first-time mothers’ (total n=32) separation anxiety. Infants’ behavioral reactivity indexed by gaze and facial affect were observed in the conditions of routine play and maternal still face at 3 months. Mothers reported their self-perceived parenting efficacy at 3 months and separation anxiety at 6

Hui-Chin Hsu; Jihyun Sung



Creating a Journal Article This cheatsheet will explain how to enter a Journal Article into IRMA.  

E-print Network

Creating a Journal Article This cheatsheet will explain how to enter a Journal Article into IRMA (MAIS ID (Staff, Student or MAIS other number)) and MAIS Password. Creating new journal article record) In the Publication Output field, click to choose Journal. Have a look at the table below to work out which


Environmental toxins trigger PD-like progression via increased alpha-synuclein release from enteric neurons in mice  

PubMed Central

Pathological studies on Parkinson's disease (PD) patients suggest that PD pathology progresses from the enteric nervous system (ENS) and the olfactory bulb into the central nervous system. We have previously shown that environmental toxins acting locally on the ENS mimic this PD-like pathology progression pattern in mice. Here, we show for the first time that the resection of the autonomic nerves stops this progression. Moreover, our results show that an environmental toxin (i.e. rotenone) promotes the release of alpha-synuclein by enteric neurons and that released enteric alpha-synuclein is up-taken by presynaptic sympathetic neurites and retrogradely transported to the soma, where it accumulates. These results strongly suggest that pesticides can initiate the progression of PD pathology and that this progression is based on the transneuronal and retrograde axonal transport of alpha-synuclein. If confirmed in patients, this study would have crucial implications in the strategies used to prevent and treat PD. PMID:23205266

Pan-Montojo, Francisco; Schwarz, Mathias; Winkler, Clemens; Arnhold, Mike; O'Sullivan, Gregory A.; Pal, Arun; Said, Jonas; Marsico, Giovanni; Verbavatz, Jean-Marc; Rodrigo-Angulo, Margarita; Gille, Gabriele; Funk, Richard H. W.; Reichmann, Heinz



Clinical and nutritional implications of radiation enteritis  

SciTech Connect

The clinical and nutritional significance of radiation enteritis was assessed in eight patients with chronic diarrhea which followed curative doses of radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies. Steatorrhea, found in seven malnourished patients, was ascribed to ileal disease or previous surgery, or to bacterial contamination of the small intestine. Lactose intolerance, assessed by breath hydrogen excretion after oral lactose and by jejunal lactase levels, was found in six patients. In a subgroup of five patients, the administration of two different defined formula liquid diets by nasoduodenal infusion decreased fecal fluid and energy losses by about one-half. Compared to Vivonex-HN, the infusion of Criticare-HN was associated with greater likelihood of intestinal gas production but a three-fold greater utilization of protein. Intestinal malabsorption and malnutrition in radiation enteritis has diverse etiologies. Whereas nutritional support by liquid diet limits fecal fluid and energy losses, these diets differ significantly in clinical tolerance and biologic value.

Beer, W.H.; Fan, A.; Halsted, C.H.



Voyager 1 Has Entered Interstellar Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"We made it," Voyager project scientist Ed Stone announced at a 12 September briefing at NASA headquarters in Washington, D. C. NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft, the most distant human-made object, is now the first such object to enter interstellar space, the space between the stars. "The 36-year-old probe is now sailing the uncharted waters of a new cosmic sea, and it has brought us along for the journey," Stone said.

Showstack, Randy



Probiotic-Pathogen Interactions and Enteric Cytoprotection  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The intestinal epithelium forms a physicochemical barrier that impedes enteric pathogens from invading the epithelium and\\u000a cause disease. In order for a particular pathogen to colonise the intestinal mucosa, it needs to break and cross this barrier.\\u000a The barrier consists of a low pH area mainly resulting from carbohydrate fermentation, a mucus layer along the epithelial\\u000a surface, an epithelial mechanical

Joshua J. Malago; Jos F. J. G. Koninkx


[ESPEN guidelines on enteral nutrition--summary].  


Under the auspices of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) clinical practice guidelines were systematically developed by 88 experts from 20 different countries between spring 2004 and winter 2005 in a predefined evidence and consensus based process. Evidence was gathered by a structured literature search, and the quality and strength of the evidence was graded according to published standards. On this basis recommendations were formulated which were then finalised in a consensus conference. The recommendations and their grades were summarized in table form. The German translation of these tables is now published for the following chapters: Intensive care, surgery including organ transplantation, non-surgical oncology, gastroenterology, pancreas, liver disease, adult renal failure, cardiology and pulmonology, wasting in HIV and chronic infectious diseases, geriatrics. The full text and the comments are available in ,,Clinical Nutrition" as well as on the internet under and The ESPEN guidelines enteral nutrition reflect the current medical knowledge in the field of enteral nutrition therapy and may help to decide when enteral nutrition is indicated and which therapeutic goals can be reached. PMID:16995289

Schütz, T; Valentini, L; Herbst, B; Lochs, H



Death awareness, maternal separation anxiety, and attachment style among first-time mothers--a terror management perspective.  


Two studies explored the interplay between death awareness, attachment style, and maternal separation anxiety among first-time mothers of infants aged 3-12 months. In Study 1 (N = 60), a higher accessibility of death-related thoughts was found following induction of thoughts about separation from the infant. In Study 2 (N = 100), a mortality salience induction led to higher maternal separation anxiety. Contrary to expectations, these findings were not moderated by mother's attachment style. The results are explained in terms of Terror Management Theory, and demonstrate its applicability to maternal emotions and cognitions. PMID:18958960

Taubman-Ben-Ari, Orit; Katz-Ben-Ami, Liat



African Swine Fever Virus Uses Macropinocytosis to Enter Host Cells  

PubMed Central

African swine fever (ASF) is caused by a large and highly pathogenic DNA virus, African swine fever virus (ASFV), which provokes severe economic losses and expansion threats. Presently, no specific protection or vaccine against ASF is available, despite the high hazard that the continued occurrence of the disease in sub-Saharan Africa, the recent outbreak in the Caucasus in 2007, and the potential dissemination to neighboring countries, represents. Although virus entry is a remarkable target for the development of protection tools, knowledge of the ASFV entry mechanism is still very limited. Whereas early studies have proposed that the virus enters cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis, the specific mechanism used by ASFV remains uncertain. Here we used the ASFV virulent isolate Ba71, adapted to grow in Vero cells (Ba71V), and the virulent strain E70 to demonstrate that entry and internalization of ASFV includes most of the features of macropinocytosis. By a combination of optical and electron microscopy, we show that the virus causes cytoplasm membrane perturbation, blebbing and ruffles. We have also found that internalization of the virions depends on actin reorganization, activity of Na+/H+ exchangers, and signaling events typical of the macropinocytic mechanism of endocytosis. The entry of virus into cells appears to directly stimulate dextran uptake, actin polarization and EGFR, PI3K-Akt, Pak1 and Rac1 activation. Inhibition of these key regulators of macropinocytosis, as well as treatment with the drug EIPA, results in a considerable decrease in ASFV entry and infection. In conclusion, this study identifies for the first time the whole pathway for ASFV entry, including the key cellular factors required for the uptake of the virus and the cell signaling involved. PMID:22719252

Sanchez, Elena G.; Quintas, Ana; Perez-Nunez, Daniel; Nogal, Marisa; Barroso, Susana; Carrascosa, Angel L.; Revilla, Yolanda



Skin blood flow as the first time derivative of the temperature: spectral approach to the blood flow estimation in hands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Application of thermometry as a method of blood flow estimation in hands is limited by the differences in waveform of the skin temperature and blood flow oscillations. In addition, there is the delay time between simultaneously registered blood flow and temperature signals. We offer the method of blood flow estimation in hands based on the analysis of skin temperature dynamics. Simplification of the Shitzer's temperature dynamics model in hands allowed us to express the relation between the temperature and blood flow oscillations. As it turns out, within using model the skin blood flow is proportionally to the first time derivative of the skin temperature, in other words, the blood flow oscillations determine the rate of skin temperature alterations. We also derived relation between spectral components of the blood flow and temperature oscillations. To extract spectrum of the blood flow oscillations from temperature spectrum it is necessary using frequency dependent multiplication factor and time shift of each of temperature spectral component. In this study the skin temperature was registered by infrared camera and blood flow was estimated by photoplethysmography. First time derivation of the temperature increases correlation between processed signal and blood flow oscillations from ~0.3 to ~0.7 on average. Thus, derived relations between temperature and blood flow in fingertips provide the basis for the application of thermometry in the field of analysis of low-frequency peripheral blood flow oscillations.

Sagaidachnyi, A. A.; Usanov, D. A.; Skripal, A. V.; Fomin, A. V.



Identification of functional parameters for the classification of older female fallers and prediction of 'first-time' fallers  

PubMed Central

Falls remain a challenge for ageing societies. Strong evidence indicates that a previous fall is the strongest single screening indicator for a subsequent fall and the need for assessing fall risk without accounting for fall history is therefore imperative. Testing in three functional domains (using a total 92 measures) were completed in 84 older women (60–85 years of age), including muscular control, standing balance, and mean and variability of gait. Participants were retrospectively classified as fallers (n = 38) or non-fallers (n = 42) and additionally in a prospective manner to identify first-time fallers (FTFs) (n = 6) within a 12-month follow-up period. Principal component analysis revealed that seven components derived from the 92 functional measures are sufficient to depict the spectrum of functional performance. Inclusion of only three components, related to mean and temporal variability of walking, allowed classification of fallers and non-fallers with a sensitivity and specificity of 74% and 76%, respectively. Furthermore, the results indicate that FTFs show a tendency towards the performance of fallers, even before their first fall occurs. This study suggests that temporal variability and mean spatial parameters of gait are the only functional components among the 92 measures tested that differentiate fallers from non-fallers, and could therefore show efficacy in clinical screening programmes for assessing risk of first-time falling. PMID:24898021

Konig, N.; Taylor, W. R.; Armbrecht, G.; Dietzel, R.; Singh, N. B.



An Autoethnography of a First-Time School District Superintendent: Complicated by Issues of Race, Gender and Persistent Fiscal Stress  

E-print Network

students (African American, Latino, English Learners, andstudents (African American, Latino, English learners, andEnglish Language Arts and Math between our lowest performing subgroups – African American

Dailey, Ardella Jones



Students Collecting Real time Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students Collecting Real-Time Data The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary has created opportunities for middle and high school students to become Student Researchers and to be involved in real-time marine data collection. It is important that we expose students to different fields of science and encourage them to enter scientific fields of study. The Humpback Whale Sanctuary has

P. Miller



Enteric fever in Mediterranean north Africa.  


Typhoid fever is endemic in the Mediterranean North African countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt) with an estimated incidence of 10-100 cases per 100,000 persons. Outbreaks caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi are common and mainly due to the consumption of untreated or sewage-contaminated water. Salmonella enterica Paratyphi B is more commonly involved in nosocomial cases of enteric fever in North Africa than expected and leads to high mortality rates among infants with congenital anomalies. Prevalence among travellers returning from this region is low, with an estimate of less than one per 100,000. Although multidrug resistant strains of Salmonella Typhi and Paratyphi are prevalent in this region, the re-emergence of chloramphenicol- and ampicillin-susceptible strains has been observed. In order to better understand the epidemiology of enteric fever in the Mediterranean North African region, population-based studies are needed. These will assist the health authorities in the region in preventing and controlling this important disease. PMID:20009276

Ghenghesh, Khalifa Sifaw; Franka, Ezzedin; Tawil, Khaled; Wasfy, Momtaz O; Ahmed, Salwa F; Rubino, Salvatore; Klena, John D



Early Enteral Nutrition for Burn Injury  

PubMed Central

Significance: Nutrition has been recognized as a critical component of acute burn care and ultimate wound healing. Debate remains over the appropriate timing of enteral nutrition and the benefit of supplemental trace elements, antioxidants, and immunonutrition for critically ill burn patients. Pharmacotherapy to blunt the metabolic response to burn injury plays a critical role in effective nutritional support. Recent Advances: Further evidence is demonstrating long-term benefits from pharmacologic immunomodulation given the prolonged metabolic response to injury that may last for over a year following the initial insult. Critical Issues: The majority of evidence regarding early enteral feeding comes from mixed populations and smaller studies. However, on balance, available evidence favors early feeding. Data regarding immunonutrition does not support the routine use of these products. Limited data regarding use of antioxidants and trace elements support their use. Future Directions: Further evaluation of anti-inflammatory mediators of the immune response, such as statins, will likely play a role in the future. Further data are needed on the dosing and route of micronutrients as well as the utility of immunonutrition. Finally, little is known about nutrition in the obese burn patient making this an important area for investigation. PMID:24761346

Mandell, Samuel P.; Gibran, Nicole S.



[ Enter captions text ] THURSDAY, AUGUST 19, 2010.  

E-print Network


Sze, Lawrence


AZW-LA-II White Paint on Swift: Lessons Learned from First Time Flying on Spacecraft Radiators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AZ-Tek's AZW-LA-II low solar absorptance white paint was previously flown as a flight experiment, and is being flown as a calorimeter. However it has never been flown as a thermal coating of radiators on an operational spacecraft before. This paint has the lowest solar absorptance among all white paints, and a very small degradation. Its cost is many times more expensive than white paints that have a higher solar absorptance. To meet the thermal requirements of the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) Detector Array and X-Ray Telescope (XRT) focal plane camera assembly (FPCA) charged coupled device (CCD), AZW-LA-II is used as the thermal coating for the BAT and XRT radiators. This paper presents the lessons learned from flying this low solar absorptance white paint as a thermal coating of radiators on an operational spacecraft for the first time.

Choi, Michael K.



Does Donating Blood for the First Time During a National Emergency Create a Better Commitment to Donating Again?  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives Emergency situations often elicit a generous response from the public. This occurred after attacks on the US on September 11, 2001 when many new blood donors lined up to donate. This study was performed to compare return rates for first time donors (FTD) after September 11th, 2001 to FTD during a comparable period in 2000. Materials and Methods 3315 allogeneic whole blood donations from FTD at a regional blood center were collected between September 11th and 30th, 2001. Subsequent donations by the FTD before March 31, 2002 were reviewed. This (test) group was compared to 1279 FTD(control group) donating during the same time period in September 2000 and to their return rate in the subsequent six months. Results Following September 11, 2001, 1087/3315 (32.8%) FTD returned by March 31, 2002. This return rate was similar to the control group (427/1279 (33.4%)). The deferral rate during the donor screening process for the control group was significantly higher than the deferral rate for the September 11–30, 2001 group (p < 0.01). The odds of an individual FTD returning increased with age, and the chance of a female donor returning was 1.13 times higher than a male (p = 0.06). There was a carryover effect after Sept. 11, 2001 too. Conclusion A national emergency, September 11, 2001, inspired people to donate blood for the first time. However, the proportion of return donations amongst them was not increased. Females and males in certain age groups were more likely to become repeat donors due to the residual effect of September 11, 2001. Additional efforts are needed to retain eligible FTD in donor pools. PMID:20002621

Tran, Sheri; Lewalski, Eva A.; Dwyre, Denis M.; Hagar, Yolanda; Beckett, Laurel; Janatpour, Kim A.; Holland, Paul V.



Nighttime Breastfeeding Behavior Is Associated with More Nocturnal Sleep among First-Time Mothers at One Month Postpartum  

PubMed Central

Study Objective: To describe sleep duration and quality in the first month postpartum and compare the sleep of women who exclusively breastfed at night to those who used formula. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal study in a predominantly low-income and ethnically diverse sample of 120 first-time mothers. Both objective and subjective measures of sleep were obtained using actigraphy, diary, and self-report data. Measures were collected in the last month of pregnancy and at one month postpartum. Infant feeding diaries were used to group mothers by nighttime breastfeeding behavior. Results: Mothers who used at least some formula at night (n = 54) and those who breastfed exclusively (n = 66) had similar sleep patterns in late pregnancy. However, there was a significant group difference in nocturnal sleep at one month postpartum as measured by actigraphy. Total nighttime sleep was 386 ± 66 minutes for the exclusive breastfeeding group and 356 ± 67 minutes for the formula group. The groups did not differ with respect to daytime sleep, wake after sleep onset (sleep fragmentation), or subjective sleep disturbance at one month postpartum. Conclusion: Women who breastfed exclusively averaged 30 minutes more nocturnal sleep than women who used formula at night, but measures of sleep fragmentation did not differ. New mothers should be encouraged to breastfeed exclusively since breastfeeding may promote sleep during postpartum recovery. Further research is needed to better understand how infant feeding method affects maternal sleep duration and fragmentation. Citation: Doan T; Gay CL; Kennedy HP; Newman J; Lee KA. Nighttime breastfeeding behavior is associated with more nocturnal sleep among first-time mothers at one month postpartum. J Clin Sleep Med 2014;10(3):313-319. PMID:24634630

Doan, Therese; Gay, Caryl L.; Kennedy, Holly P.; Newman, Jack; Lee, Kathryn A.



Usefulness of frequent supraventricular extrasystoles and a high CHADS2 score to predict first-time appearance of atrial fibrillation.  


Frequent supraventricular extrasystoles (SVEs) are associated with the subsequent first-time appearance of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the combined role of SVEs and an AF-related risk score for ischemic stroke, the CHADS2 score, on the occurrence of new AF in patients in sinus rhythm. The Shinken Database 2004-2010 lists 3,263 patients who underwent 24-hour Holter monitoring. A total of 2,589 patients were analyzed, after excluding 674 patients previously diagnosed with AF. Frequent SVEs were defined as ?102 beats/day (the top quartile) and the presence of a clinical background for a CHADS2 score ?2 points as a high CHADS2 score. During the mean follow-up period of 571.4 ± 606.4 days, new AF occurred in 38 patients (9.4 per 1,000 patient-years). The incidence of new AF was 2.7 and 37.7 per 1,000 patient-years for patients with nonfrequent SVEs (<102 beats/day) and low CHADS2 scores and those with frequent SVEs and high CHADS2 scores, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the hazard ratio for frequent SVEs and a high CHADS2 score compared with nonfrequent SVEs and a low CHADS2 score was 9.49 (95% confidence interval 3.20 to 28.15, p <0.001), even after adjustment for gender, age, medications, and echocardiographic parameters. In conclusion, frequent SVEs and a high CHADS2 score independently and synergistically predict the first-time appearance of AF in patients in sinus rhythm, indicating an approximately 10-fold higher risk. Patients meeting these criteria should have more aggressive early intervention for preventing AF. PMID:23499279

Suzuki, Shinya; Sagara, Koichi; Otsuka, Takayuki; Kano, Hiroto; Matsuno, Shunsuke; Takai, Hideaki; Uejima, Tokuhisa; Oikawa, Yuji; Koike, Akira; Nagashima, Kazuyuki; Kirigaya, Hajime; Yajima, Junji; Tanabe, Hiroaki; Sawada, Hitoshi; Aizawa, Tadanori; Yamashita, Takeshi



Social support during childbirth as a catalyst for early breastfeeding initiation for first-time Nigerian mothers  

PubMed Central

Background Initiation of breastfeeding can be difficult in a busy maternity centre with inadequate manpower and social support. This study aims to explore the role of psychosocial support offered by companions on breastfeeding initiation among first-time mothers. Methods This is a secondary data analysis of a randomised controlled trial conducted among women attending the antenatal clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria in 2007. Those in the experimental group were asked to bring someone of their choice to the labour room to act as a companion; the comparison group received standard care. The results of 209 HIV negative women who had vaginal births were analysed. The main outcome measure was time to initiation of breastfeeding after childbirth. Results Of the total, 94 had companions during labour while 115 did not have a companion. The median time to breastfeeding initiation was significantly shorter in those with companions compared to controls (16 vs. 54 minutes; p < 0.01). The cumulative survival analysis indicated that all in the treatment group had initiated breastfeeding by 26 minutes, while among the control group none had commenced at 30 minutes post-delivery with some as late as 12 hours. After Cox regression analysis was used to adjust for possible confounders, the outcome still showed a significant hazard ratio of 207.8 (95%CI 49.2, 878.0; p < 0.01) among women who were supported by a companion. Conclusion Use of companions during labour is associated with earlier time to breastfeeding initiation among first-time mothers in Nigeria. Trial Registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12609000994280. PMID:20003310



Characterization of First-Time Hospitalizations in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in the REVEAL Registry  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Hospitalization is an important outcome in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), shown previously to correlate with survival. Using the Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-term PAH Disease Management (REVEAL Registry), we sought to characterize first-time hospitalizations and their effect on subsequent hospitalization and survival in patients with newly diagnosed disease. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PAH (n = 862, World Health Organization group 1) were evaluated for first-time hospitalization. The hospitalizations were categorized as PAH related or PAH unrelated based on the case report form. Categories for PAH-related and PAH-unrelated hospitalization were defined before independent review. Patient demographics and disease characteristics are described as well as freedom from hospitalization and survival. RESULTS: Of 862 patients, 490 (56.8%) had one or more hospitalizations postenrollment: 257 (52.4%) PAH related, 214 (43.7%) PAH unrelated, and 19 (3.9%) of undetermined causes. The most common causes of PAH-related hospitalization were congestive heart failure and placement/removal of a central venous catheter. Patients with PAH-related hospitalizations were more likely to receive parenteral therapy, be in functional class III/IV, and have higher risk scores before hospitalization at enrollment. Following discharge, 25.4% ± 3.2% and 31.0% ± 4.0% of patients with PAH-related and PAH-unrelated first hospitalization, respectively, remained hospitalization-free for 3 years (P = .11). Survival estimates at 3 years postdischarge were 56.8% ± 3.5% and 67.8% ± 3.6% (P = .037) for patients with PAH-related and PAH-unrelated hospitalization, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In the REVEAL Registry, PAH-related hospitalization was associated with relatively more rehospitalizations and worse survival at 3 years. TRIAL REGISTRY:; No.: NCT00370214; URL: PMID:24901386

Long, Pamela K.; Shah, Monarch R.; McGoon, Michael D.; Miller, Dave P.; Romero, Alain J.; Benton, Wade W.; Safford, Robert E.



Survival of human enteric viruses in the environment and food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human enteric pathogenic viruses can enter the environment through discharge of waste materials from infected persons, and be transmitted back to susceptible persons to continue the cycle of disease. Contamination of food with viruses may also promote disease outbreaks. A number of studies have investigated the survival characteristics of several enteric viruses in various environments and foodstuffs, to help explain

Artur Rze?utka; Nigel Cook



Multidisciplinary Management of Enteral Nutrition Support Related Diarrhea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diarrhea is one of the most common problems associated with enteral nutrition support. Occurrence of diarrhea is expensive in nursing time, linen usage, and wastage of tube feeding formula. It often leads to discontinuation of enteral support of the patient. The patient then lacks the benefits of enteral feeding which are well documented in current literature. Diarrhea may result from

M. Kaylor; P. Pullen; S. Rowell; F. Sinclair; M. Nelson; S. Dauenhauer; E. Taylor; A. Marr



Enter chart stings individually or use a NUFinancials  

E-print Network

Enter chart stings individually or use a shortcut NUFinancials Purchasing Job Aid 0 EnterChartStringsIndividuallyOrUseShortcut Last Updated 11/12/2012 - lks © 2012 Northwestern University FMS803 Page 1 of 4 You enter chart strings on the Review and Submit page when creating or editing requisitions. You can add a chart string to each line

Shull, Kenneth R.


REVIEW Open Access Lupus enteritis: from clinical findings to  

E-print Network

entity. Keywords: Systemic lupus erythematosus, Abdominal pain, Lupus enteritis, Small bowel disease of the disease. Therefore, lupus enteritis should be considered a poorly defined cause of abdominal pain in SLEREVIEW Open Access Lupus enteritis: from clinical findings to therapeutic management Peter Janssens

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Entering research: A course that creates community and structure for beginning undergraduate researchers in the STEM disciplines.  


Undergraduate research experiences have been shown to enhance the educational experience and retention of college students, especially those from underrepresented populations. However, many challenges still exist relative to building community among students navigating large institutions. We developed a novel course called Entering Research that creates a learning community to support beginning undergraduate researchers and is designed to parallel the Entering Mentoring course for graduate students, postdocs, and faculty serving as mentors of undergraduate researchers. The course serves as a model that can be easily adapted for use across the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines using a readily available facilitator's manual. Course evaluations and rigorous assessment show that the Entering Research course helps students in many ways, including finding a mentor, understanding their place in a research community, and connecting their research to their course work in the biological and physical sciences. Students in the course reported statistically significant gains in their skills, knowledge, and confidence as researchers compared with a control group of students, who also were engaged in undergraduate research but not enrolled in this course. In addition, the faculty and staff members who served as facilitators of the Entering Research course described their experience as rewarding and one they would recommend to their colleagues. PMID:20516356

Balster, Nicholas; Pfund, Christine; Rediske, Raelyn; Branchaw, Janet



Epizootic necrotic enteritis in wild geese.  


Outbreaks of a disease characterized by severe necrotic enteritis occurred among Canada geese (Branta canadensis), lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens), Ross' geese (A. rossi), and white-fronted geese (A. albifrons) on lakes in Saskatchewan and Manitoba during the autumn of 1983, 1984 and 1985. Ducks using the lakes were apparently not affected. Lesions in the geese closely resembled those described in enteritides in other species associated with the proliferation of Clostridium perfringens in the small intestine. Clostridium perfringens was present in large numbers in the affected areas of the intestine of the geese; other pathogens were not identified. It is hypothesized that an abrupt change in diet as geese begin to feed on grain disrupts the intestinal microflora, allowing C. perfringens to proliferate in the upper small intestine. Toxins produced by the bacteria then cause mucosal necrosis. Protease-inhibitory substances in some grains might also have a role in the disease. PMID:3625893

Wobeser, G; Rainnie, D J



Enteric bacterial catalysts for fuel ethanol production.  


The technology is available to produce fuel ethanol from renewable lignocellulosic biomass. The current challenge is to assemble the various process options into a commercial venture and begin the task of incremental improvement. Current process designs for lignocellulose are far more complex than grain to ethanol processes. This complexity results in part from the complexity of the substrate and the biological limitations of the catalyst. Our work at the University of Florida has focused primarily on the genetic engineering of Enteric bacteria using genes encoding Zymomonas mobilis pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase. These two genes have been assembled into a portable ethanol production cassette, the PET operon, and integrated into the chromosome of Escherichia coli B for use with hemicellulose-derived syrups. The resulting strain, KO11, produces ethanol efficiently from all hexose and pentose sugars present in the polymers of hemicellulose. By using the same approach, we integrated the PET operon into the chromosome of Klebsiella oxytoca to produce strain P2 for use in the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process for cellulose. Strain P2 has the native ability to ferment cellobiose and cellotriose, eliminating the need for one class of cellulase enzymes. Recently, the ability to produce and secrete high levels of endoglucanase has also been added to strain P2, further reducing the requirement for fungal cellulase. The general approach for the genetic engineering of new biocatalysts using the PET operon has been most successful with Enteric bacteria but was also extended to Gram positive bacteria, which have other useful traits for lignocellulose conversion. Many opportunities remain for further improvements in these biocatalysts as we proceed toward the development of single organisms that can be used for the efficient fermentation of both hemicellulosic and cellulosic substrates. PMID:10514255

Ingram, L O; Aldrich, H C; Borges, A C; Causey, T B; Martinez, A; Morales, F; Saleh, A; Underwood, S A; Yomano, L P; York, S W; Zaldivar, J; Zhou, S



Sustaining Retention of Nontraditional Students in the Geosciences in 2YC; Practices and Ideas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the role of 2YC (two-year colleges/community colleges) changes in the academic pipeline of higher education new practices and ideas to engage and retain students in the geosciences at the 2YC level need to be explored. 2YC typically have a student body composed of non-traditional students ranging from second career students, single parents, students with disabilities, seniors, and minorities. Currently, 2YCs serve 44% of all undergraduate students and 45% of all of all first time freshmen in the US. These statistics show the potential community colleges hold to encourage entering students to the STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Math) fields as a possible career choice. But the reality is the number of STEM degrees awarded at community colleges has not followed the same trends in student enrollment. Over the past four years El Paso Community College (EPCC) in conjunction with The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) has implemented several initiatives in our effort to increase the number of Geological Science majors at EPCC and to ensure a successful transition to UTEP. These efforts are aimed to decrease attrition rates of science majors by; articulating degree plans between institutions, introduce field-based research projects to allow hands on experience for students, develop a working relationship between students and university faculty, diversify geology courses offered at EPCC, and strengthening the educational-bridge between the geological science departments of EPCC and UTEP through the aid of federally funded programs. The success of the these efforts have been seen by; the increase in geology majors in our A.S. degree program, the number of degrees conferred at EPCC, the successful transition of students to UTEP, and graduation of students from UTEP with advanced degrees.

Villalobos, J. I.; Doser, D. I.



The influence of diet on necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens.  


Necrotic enteritis was reproduced in broiler chickens by mixing cultures of Clostridium perfringens in the feed. Mortality due to necrotic enteritis was higher among chickens fed rations based on wheat, rye, barley, and oat groats than among chickens fed corn-based rations. Addition of pentosanase to a wheat-based diet did not affect the level of mortality due to necrotic enteritis. Addition of pectin and guar gum to different rations severely reduced growth rate and eliminated necrotic enteritis from test birds. Addition of glucose to a corn-based diet caused a small increase in mortality due to necrotic enteritis. PMID:1417581

Riddell, C; Kong, X M



Enter Here: Personal Narrative and Digital Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A step-by-step plan for creating a digital story grounded in sound theory and research about how adolescents expand their literacy is presented. Students were found to be selective about effects while putting the story first, choosing those that drove the story farther as opposed to those that mimicked what might be seen in films or television.

Kajder, Sara B.



University students' conceptions of basic astronomy concepts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A questionnaire of 19 questions given to 76 students entering an `Introduction to astronomy' course at university showed that the students held a series of misconceptions on several central topics in basic astronomy.

Trumper, Ricardo



HI STAR Student Astronomy Research Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

HI STAR program promotes pre-college students conducting authentic research. Projects entered in science fairs will be highlighted. Does research experience influence students to select STEM college majors?

Kadooka, M. M.; Armstrong, J. D.



Design, Development and Operation of a Laboratory Pulsed Plasma Thruster for the First Time in West Asia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although the pulsed plasma thruster (PPT) was first utilized on a space mission in 1964, after more than four decades, it is still a space-rated technology which has performed various propulsion tasks, from station-keeping to three-axis attitude control for a variety of former missions. With respect to the rapid growth in the small satellite community and the growing interest for smaller satellites in recent years, the PPT is one of the promising electric propulsion devices for small satellites (e.g., CubeSats) due to the following advantages: simplicity, lightweight, robustness, low power consumption, low production cost and small dimensions. Therefore, a laboratory benchmark rectangular breech-fed pulsed plasma thruster using a self-inductor as a coupling element was designed, developed and successfully tested in a bell-type vacuum chamber at 10-4 Pa for the first time in west Asia (Iran). The PPT has been tested using a 35 ?F, 2.5 kV oil-filled capacitor, producing an impulse bit varying from 300 ?N-s to 1.3 mN-s at a maximum specific impulse of 1100 s. As a result a research program in Iran was initiated for working on PPTs and the miniaturization of PPTs while increasing the performance parameters. The present paper briefly reviews the PPT design and development.

Rezaeiha, Abdolrahim; Anbarloui, Mehdi; Farshchi, Mohammad


First time-dependent study of H2 and H3+ ortho-para chemistry in the diffuse ISM  

E-print Network

The chemistry in the diffuse interstellar medium initiates the gradual increase of molecular complexity during the life cycle of matter. A key molecule that enables build-up of new molecular bonds and new molecules via proton-donation is H$_3^+$. Its evolution is tightly related to molecular hydrogen and thought to be well understood. However, recent observations of ortho and para lines of H$_2$ and H$_3^+$ in the diffuse ISM showed a puzzling discrepancy in nuclear spin excitation temperatures and populations between these two key species. H$_3^+$, unlike H$_2$, seems to be out of thermal equilibrium, contrary to the predictions of modern astrochemical models. We conduct the first time-dependent modeling of the para-fractions of H$_2$ and H$_3^+$ in the diffuse ISM and compare our results to a set of line-of-sight observations, including new measurements presented in this study. We isolate a set of key reactions for H$_3^+$ and find that the destruction of the lowest rotational states of H$_3^+$ by dissociat...

Albertsson, T; Kreckel, H; Semenov, D; Crabtree, K N; Henning, Th



Measurement and prediction of enteric methane emission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the agricultural sector account for about 25.5% of total global anthropogenic emission. While CO2 receives the most attention as a factor relative to global warming, CH4, N2O and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) also cause significant radiative forcing. With the relative global warming potential of 25 compared with CO2, CH4 is one of the most important GHGs. This article reviews the prediction models, estimation methodology and strategies for reducing enteric CH4 emissions. Emission of CH4 in ruminants differs among developed and developing countries, depending on factors like animal species, breed, pH of rumen fluid, ratio of acetate:propionate, methanogen population, composition of diet and amount of concentrate fed. Among the ruminant animals, cattle contribute the most towards the greenhouse effect through methane emission followed by sheep, goats and buffalos, respectively. The estimated CH4 emission rate per cattle, buffaloe, sheep and goat in developed countries are 150.7, 137, 21.9 and 13.7 (g/animal/day) respectively. However, the estimated rates in developing countries are significantly lower at 95.9 and 13.7 (g/animal/day) per cattle and sheep, respectively. There exists a strong interest in developing new and improving the existing CH4 prediction models to identify mitigation strategies for reducing the overall CH4 emissions. A synthesis of the available literature suggests that the mechanistic models are superior to empirical models in accurately predicting the CH4 emission from dairy farms. The latest development in prediction model is the integrated farm system model which is a process-based whole-farm simulation technique. Several techniques are used to quantify enteric CH4 emissions starting from whole animal chambers to sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer techniques. The latest technology developed to estimate CH4 more accurately is the micrometeorological mass difference technique. Because the conditions under which animals are managed vary greatly by country, CH4 emissions reduction strategies must be tailored to country-specific circumstances. Strategies that are cost effective, improve productivity, and have limited potential negative effects on livestock production hold a greater chance of being adopted by producers. It is also important to evaluate CH4 mitigation strategies in terms of the total GHG budget and to consider the economics of various strategies. Although reductions in GHG emissions from livestock industries are seen as high priorities, strategies for reducing emissions should not reduce the economic viability of enterprises.

Sejian, Veerasamy; Lal, Rattan; Lakritz, Jeffrey; Ezeji, Thaddeus



Implications of changing student characteristics for program evaluations in a problem?based curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Characteristics of students participating in the initial class of an alternative, problem?based curriculum were compared to those of students entering the same program in successive years to test the hypothesis that there are differences over time in the types of students who participate. The pilot class was not representative of medical students in general or of the students who entered

Phyllis Blumberg; Steven R. Daugherty



stUDent COOkbOOk Sponsorship of Student Cookbook  

E-print Network

Cookbook is a publication prepared by UNSW's culturally diverse students & targets students who have a passion in cooking, eating or those who just want cooking tips & living out for the first time Cookbook is launched in may with food tastings of the winning recipes & Guest Chef's prepare cook

New South Wales, University of


Lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis in 24 dogs.  


Lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis (LPE) was diagnosed by intestinal biopsy in 24 dogs with chronic small intestinal diarrhea. Vomiting, weight loss, and reduced appetite were frequent. Breed predispositions were not documented, although four patients were German Shepherd dogs. Hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, and hypoglobulinemia were common and most likely a result of protein-losing enteropathy. Other biochemical abnormalities were uncommon. Intestinal malabsorption was common. Neutrophilia (sometimes with increased band neutrophils), monocytosis, lymphopenia, and eosinopenia were the most consistent hematologic abnormalities. The severity of the lymphocytic-plasmacytic infiltration was not significantly different (P greater than 0.05) between regions of small intestine. However, the severity of cellular infiltration often varied among different regions of small intestine in the same dog. Changes in villous architecture and lacteal dilation were common. Intestinal nematode infestation was diagnosed in five dogs, and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency was diagnosed in one dog. In the remaining 18 dogs, besides LPE, no other associated or concurrent intestinal disease was diagnosed. PMID:2342021

Jacobs, G; Collins-Kelly, L; Lappin, M; Tyler, D



ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Geriatrics.  


Nutritional intake is often compromised in elderly, multimorbid patients. Enteral nutrition (EN) by means of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) and tube feeding (TF) offers the possibility to increase or to insure nutrient intake in case of insufficient oral food intake. The present guideline is intended to give evidence-based recommendations for the use of ONS and TF in geriatric patients. It was developed by an interdisciplinary expert group in accordance with officially accepted standards and is based on all relevant publications since 1985. The guideline was discussed and accepted in a consensus conference. EN by means of ONS is recommended for geriatric patients at nutritional risk, in case of multimorbidity and frailty, and following orthopaedic-surgical procedures. In elderly people at risk of undernutrition ONS improve nutritional status and reduce mortality. After orthopaedic-surgery ONS reduce unfavourable outcome. TF is clearly indicated in patients with neurologic dysphagia. In contrast, TF is not indicated in final disease states, including final dementia, and in order to facilitate patient care. Altogether, it is strongly recommended not to wait until severe undernutrition has developed, but to start EN therapy early, as soon as a nutritional risk becomes apparent. PMID:16735082

Volkert, D; Berner, Y N; Berry, E; Cederholm, T; Coti Bertrand, P; Milne, A; Palmblad, J; Schneider, St; Sobotka, L; Stanga, Z; Lenzen-Grossimlinghaus, R; Krys, U; Pirlich, M; Herbst, B; Schütz, T; Schröer, W; Weinrebe, W; Ockenga, J; Lochs, H



Technical nontraditional student college attrition: The student's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored reasons nontraditional students selected and entered an engineering program of study leading to a baccalaureate degree and then withdrew before graduation. The findings of this study can be grouped into three categories: reasons for entering the engineering baccalaureate degree; barriers to completing the engineering baccalaureate degree; and support for completing the engineering baccalaureate degree.^ In order to

Harvey Fredric Hoffman



Developing a Group Motivational Interviewing Intervention for First-Time Adolescent Offenders At-Risk for an Alcohol or Drug Use Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how teens who had committed a first-time alcohol or other drug (AOD) offense responded to a motivational interviewing (MI) group intervention. Participants were 101 first-time AOD adolescent offenders (M = 15.88; 63% male, 54% Hispanic). The authors developed and tested a six-session curriculum called Free Talk and solicited feedback from different teens after each session. Groups were

Elizabeth J. DAmico; Karen Chan Osilla; Sarah B. Hunter



Temporal trends in the initiation of glucose-lowering medications after a first-time myocardial infarction - a nationwide study between 1997 and 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is common among patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). The extent to which patients with first-time MI develop diabetes requiring glucose-lowering medications (GLM) is largely unknown. The aim of the study was to investigate temporal trends in the initiation of GLM among patients discharged after first-time MI.

Mette L Norgaard; Charlotte Andersson; Peter Riis Hansen; Søren S Andersen; Allan Vaag; Tina K Schramm; Fredrik Folke; Lars Køber; Christian Torp-Pedersen; Gunnar H Gislason



Students & Mental Health Resource Pack  

E-print Network

this care? 4.4 What services should be available? 4.5 What support can be provided by the college? Support to the worrying levels of students' dropping-out of their studies and the rise in suicide and attempted suicide to students with experience of mental health problems and those who became ill for the first time at college

Stevenson, Mark


Impact of steroid maintenance on the outcomes in first-time deceased donor kidney transplant recipients: Analysis by induction type  

PubMed Central

AIM: To analyze the impact of steroid maintenance on the outcomes in kidney transplant recipients stratified by induction agent received. METHODS: Patients who underwent first-time deceased donor kidney transplantation between 2000 and 2008 after receiving induction therapy with rabbit-antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG), alemtuzumab or an interleukin-2 receptor blocker (IL-2B) and discharged on a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)/mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-regimen along with or without steroids were identified from the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network/United Network of Organ Sharing database. For each induction type, adjusted overall and death-censored graft as well as patient survivals were compared between patients discharged on steroid vs no steroid. Among r-ATG induced patients, analysis was repeated after splitting the group into low and high immune risk groups. RESULTS: Among the 37217 patients included in the analysis, 17863 received r-ATG (steroid = 13001, no-steroid = 4862), 3028 alemtuzumab (steroid = 852, no-steroid = 2176) and 16326 IL-2B (steroid = 15008, no-steroid = 1318). Adjusted overall graft survival was inferior (HR = 1.16, 95%CI: 1.06-1.27, P = 0.002) with similar death-censored graft survival (HR = 0.99, 95%CI: 0.86-1.14, P = 0.86) for steroid vs no-steroid groups in r-ATG induced patients. Both adjusted overall and death-censored graft survivals for steroid vs no-steroid groups were similar in alemtuzumab (HR = 0.92, 95%CI: 0.73-1.15, P = 0.47 and HR = 0.87, 95%CI: 0.62-1.22, P = 0.43 respectively) and IL-2B (HR = 1.05, 95%CI: 0.91-1.21, P = 0.48 and HR = 0.94, 95%CI: 0.75-1.18, P = 0.60 respectively) induced groups. Adjusted patient survivals were inferior for steroid vs no-steroid groups in r-ATG induced (HR = 1.31, 95%CI: 1.15-1.49, P < 0.001) but similar in alemtuzumab (HR = 1.02, 95%CI: 0.75-1.38, P = 0.92) and IL-2B (HR = 1.17, 95%CI: 0.97-1.40, P = 0.10) induced patients. Among the r-ATG induced group there were 4346 patients in the low immune risk and 13517 patients in the high immune risk group. Adjusted overall graft survivals were inferior for steroid vs no steroid groups in both low immune (HR = 1.34, 95%CI: 1.09-1.64, P = 0.001) and high immune (HR = 1.18, 95%CI: 1.07-1.30, P = 0.005) risk groups. Adjusted death-censored graft survivals for steroid vs no steroid groups were similar in both low (HR = 1.06, 95%CI: 0.78-1.45, P = 0.70) and high (HR = 1.04, 95%CI: 0.98-1.20, P = 0.60) immune risk groups. Adjusted patient survivals were inferior for steroid vs no steroid groups in both low immune (HR = 1.54, 95%CI: 1.18-2.02, P < 0.001) and high immune (HR = 1.32, 95%CI: 1.16-1.51, P = 0.002) risk groups. Overall, there were significantly higher deaths from infections and cardiovascular causes in patients maintained on steroids. CONCLUSION: Our study showed an association between steroid addition to a CNI/MMF-maintenance regimen and increased death with functioning graft in patients receiving r-ATG induction for first-time deceased donor kidney transplantation.

Sureshkumar, Kalathil K; Hussain, Sabiha M; Thai, Ngoc L; Ko, Tina Y; Nashar, Khaled; Marcus, Richard J



Metals and trace element concentrations in breast milk of first time healthy mothers: a biological monitoring study  

PubMed Central

Background Breast milk is the best source of nutrition for the newborn infant. However, since all infants cannot be breast-fed, there is a need for background data for setting adequate daily intakes. Previously, concentration data on major essential elements and some toxic elements in breast milk, based on different analytical techniques, have been published. There is no recent study on a large number of metals and trace elements in breast milk, using a sensitive analytical method for determination of low element concentrations. Methods Breast milk concentrations of 32 metals and elements in early lactation (days 14-21) were determined in a random sample of first time Swedish mothers (n?=?60) using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS). Results There were small inter-individual concentration variations in the macroelements Ca, K, Mg, P and S, and striking similarities across studies and over time, supporting a tight regulation of these elements in breast milk. Large inter-individual and over time differences were detected for Na concentrations, which may reflect an increase in salt consumption in Swedish women. Large inter-individual differences were also detected for the microelements Co, Cr, Mn and Mo, and the toxic metals As, Cd, Pb, Sb and V. Arsenic and B were positively correlated with fish consumption, indicating influence of maternal intake on breast milk concentrations. Observed differences in breast milk element concentrations across studies and over time could be attributed to the timing of sampling and a general decline over time of lactation (Cu, Fe, Mo, Zn), a possible lack of regulation of certain elements in breast milk (As, B, Co, Mn, Se) and time trends in environmental exposure (Pb), or in some cases to differences in analytical performance (Cr, Fe). Conclusions This study provides reliable updated information on a number of metals and elements in breast milk, of which some have not previously been reported. PMID:23241426



Using evidence-based algorithms to improve clinical decision making: the case of a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation.  


Decision making in health care has evolved substantially over the last century. Up until the late 1970s, medical decision making was predominantly intuitive and anecdotal. It was based on trial and error and involved high levels of problem solving. The 1980s gave way to empirical medicine, which was evidence based probabilistic, and involved pattern recognition and less problem solving. Although this represented a major advance in the quality of medical decision making, limitations existed. The advantages of the gold standard of the randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) are well-known and this technique is irreplaceable in its ability to answer critical clinical questions. However, the RCT does have drawbacks. RCTs are expensive and can only capture a snapshot in time. As treatments change and new technologies emerge, new expensive clinical trials must be undertaken to reevaluate them. Furthermore, in order to best evaluate a single intervention, other factors must be controlled. In addition, the study population may not match that of another organization or provider. Although evidence-based medicine has provided powerful data for clinicians, effectively and efficiently tailoring it to the individual has not yet evolved. We are now in a period of transition from this evidence-based era to one dominated by the personalization and customization of care. It will be fueled by policy decisions to shift financial responsibility to the patient, creating a powerful and sophisticated consumer, unlike any patient we have known before. The challenge will be to apply medical evidence and personal preferences to medical decisions and deliver it efficiently in the increasingly busy clinical setting. In this article, we provide a robust review of the concepts of customized care and some of techniques to deliver it. We will illustrate this through a personalized decision model for the treatment decision after a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation. PMID:23924748

Federer, Andrew E; Taylor, Dean C; Mather, Richard C



Dosage Effect of Prenatal Home Visiting on Pregnancy Outcomes in At-Risk, First-Time Mothers  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Home visiting programs seek to improve care management for women at high risk for preterm birth (<37 weeks). Our objective was to evaluate the effect of home visiting dosage on preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women in southwest Ohio with a singleton pregnancy enrolled in home visiting before 26 weeks’ gestation. Vital statistics and hospital discharge data were linked with home visiting data from 2007 to 2010 to ascertain birth outcomes. Eligibility for home visiting required ?1 of 4 risk factors: unmarried, low income, <18 years of age, or suboptimal prenatal care. Logistic regression tested the association of gestational age at enrollment and number of home visits before 26 weeks with preterm birth. Proportional hazards analysis tested the association of total number of home visits with SGA status. RESULTS: Among 441 participants enrolled by 26 weeks, 10.9% delivered preterm; 17.9% of infants were born SGA. Mean gestational age at enrollment was 18.9 weeks; mean number of prenatal home visits was 8.2. In multivariable regression, ?8 completed visits by 26 weeks compared with ?3 visits was associated with an odds ratio 0.38 for preterm birth (95% confidence interval: 0.16–0.87), while having ?12 total home visits compared with ?3 visits was significantly associated with a hazards ratio 0.32 for SGA (95% confidence interval: 0.15–0.68). CONCLUSIONS: Among at-risk, first time mothers enrolled prenatally in home visiting, higher dosage of intervention is associated with reduced likelihood of adverse pregnancy outcomes. PMID:24187113

Hall, Eric S.; Meinzen-Derr, Jareen K.; Kahn, Robert S.; Short, Jodie A.; Van Ginkel, Judith B.; Ammerman, Robert T.



Academic Needs Student Survey Items  

E-print Network

by Topical Area: Academic Needs Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), Entering Fall Term) Breakdowns by: All Students, African-American Students, and International Students Satisfaction Ratings special services because of a learning disability Your First College Year (YFCY), Spring 2005 Follow up

Baltisberger, Jay H.


Syndromic diarrhea/Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome  

PubMed Central

Abstract Syndromic diarrhea/Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (SD/THE) is a rare and severe bowel disorder caused by mutation in SKIV2L or in TTC37, 2 genes encoding subunits of the putative human SKI complex. The estimated prevalence is 1/1,000,000 births and the transmission is autosomal recessive. The classical form is characterized by 5 clinical signs: intractable diarrhea of infancy beginning in the first month of life, usually leading to failure to thrive and requiring parenteral nutrition; facial dysmorphism characterised by prominent forehead and cheeks, broad nasal root and hypertelorism; hair abnormalities described as woolly and easily removable; immune disorders resulting from defective antibody production; intrauterine growth restriction. The aetiology is a defect in TTC37, a TPR containing protein, or in the RNA helicase SKIV2L, both constituting the putative human ski complex. The ski complex is a heterotetrameric cofactor of the cytoplasmic RNA exosome which ensures aberrants mRNAs decay. The diagnosis SD/THE is initially based on clinical findings and confirmed by direct sequencing of TTC37 and SKIV2L. Differential diagnosis with the other causes of intractable diarrhea is easily performed by pathologic investigations. During their clinical course, most of the children require parenteral nutrition and often immunoglobulin supplementation. With time, some of them can be weaned off parenteral nutrition and immunoglobulin supplementation. The prognosis depends on the management and is largely related to the occurrence of parenteral nutrition complications or infections. Even with optimal management, most of the children seem to experience failure to thrive and final short stature. Mild mental retardation is observed in half of the cases. Abstract in French Les diarrhées syndromiques ou syndrome tricho-hepato-enterique (SD/THE) sont un syndrome rare et sévère dont l’incidence est estimée à 1 cas pour 1 million de naissances et la transmission autosomique récessive. La forme typique associe 5 signes cliniques: une diarrhée grave rebelle nécessitant dans la majorité des cas une nutrition parentérale du fait de la malnutrition, une dysmorphie avec un front large et bombé, une racine du nez large et un hypertélorisme, des anomalies des cheveux qui sont fragiles, cassants, incoiffables et qualifiés de « laineux », un retard de croissance intra utérine et des anomalies de l’immunité à type de déficit en immunoglobuline ou d’absence de réponse aux antigènes vaccinaux. Des anomalies de deux protéines peuvent être à l’origine du syndrome SD/THE: TTC37, une protéine à motif TPR et SKIV2L, une hélicase à ARN, toutes 2 étant des constituants du complexe SKI humain. Le complexe SKI est un co-facteur de l’exosome cytoplasmique qui assure la dégradation des ARN aberrants ou exogènes. Le diagnostic est d’abord clinique puis confirmé par le séquençage des gènes TTC37 et SKIV2L. Le diagnostic différentiel avec les autres formes de diarrhées intraitables est fait grâce aux analyses anatomopathologiques qui montrent dans les autres formes, des lésions spécifiques. La prise en charge clinique repose sur la nutrition parentérale et la supplémentation en immunoglobuline si nécessaire. Un certain nombre d’enfants peuvent être sevrés de la nutrition parentérale et des supplémentations en immunoglobulines. En cas d’atteinte hépatique, celle-ci peut être sévère et conduire au décès. Même avec une prise en charge optimale, les enfants présentent une petite taille et, dans la moitié des cas, un retard mental modéré. Disease name/synonyms – Syndromic diarrhea – Phenotypic diarrhea – Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome – Intractable diarrhea of infancy with facial dysmorphism &#x



CAMP BURKHART High School Students  

E-print Network

CAMP BURKHART High School Students WHO: Kids with autism spectrum disorder entering grades 9 -12: _______________________________________________________________ Does your child have any allergies? _________________________________________________________________ Does your child have any specific deficits in the area of social skills that are of a concern

Gelfond, Michael


The Premedical Student: His Identity  

PubMed Central

A prospective study is currently being conducted of students who were freshmen at the University of British Columbia in 1961-1962. Three cohorts are being followed: 136 premedical students, 107 science students, and 136 persons comprising a sample of general arts students. At registration in 1961, the only demographic difference was that the Premedical cohort had a greater proportion of catholics and persons from upper occupational classes. Premedical students generally performed as well in high school as science students and better than general arts students, though the academic potential of science students as measured by achievement and aptitude tests was superior. Premedical students performed better on freshman examinations than the other cohorts, though a significantly larger proportion of science students (84.4%) actually passed into second year than of premedical students (75.0%). A disturbing observation was that by second year the Science cohort had recruited more than enough students to balance its losses, while the Premedical cohort had lost three times as many students as it recruited. The net effect was not much reduced by students who entered directly from senior matriculation or other universities, since these students were about twice as likely to enter the Science cohort as they were to enter the Premedical cohort. PMID:14222669

Anderson, Donald O.; Riches, Eleanor; Levson, Bryan



Enteral feeding pumps: efficacy, safety, and patient acceptability  

PubMed Central

Enteral feeding is a long established practice across pediatric and adult populations, to enhance nutritional intake and prevent malnutrition. Despite recognition of the importance of nutrition within the modern health agenda, evaluation of the efficacy of how such feeds are delivered is more limited. The accuracy, safety, and consistency with which enteral feed pump systems dispense nutritional formulae are important determinants of their use and acceptability. Enteral feed pump safety has received increased interest in recent years as enteral pumps are used across hospital and home settings. Four areas of enteral feed pump safety have emerged: the consistent and accurate delivery of formula; the minimization of errors associated with tube misconnection; the impact of continuous feed delivery itself (via an enteral feed pump); and the chemical composition of the casing used in enteral feed pump manufacture. The daily use of pumps in delivery of enteral feeds in a home setting predominantly falls to the hands of parents and caregivers. Their understanding of the use and function of their pump is necessary to ensure appropriate, safe, and accurate delivery of enteral nutrition; their experience with this is important in informing clinicians and manufacturers of the emerging needs and requirements of this diverse patient population. The review highlights current practice and areas of concern and establishes our current knowledge in this field. PMID:25170284

White, Helen; King, Linsey



Structured communication: effects on teaching efficacy of student teachers and student teacher - cooperating teacher relationships  

E-print Network

Teaching efficacy beliefs of agricultural science student teachers, and their relationship with their cooperating teachers during field experiences, are variables that may affect the number of student teachers entering the profession. The purpose...

Edgar, Don Wayne



Student Survey Items (Survey names listed in blue)  

E-print Network

by Topical Area: Admissions Berea-Specific Entering Survey, Fall Term First-Year Students and New Transfers community? Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), Entering Fall Term Students 2010 transfer students) Education Opportunity Center Educational Talent Search Upward Bound Upward Bound

Baltisberger, Jay H.


Student Equity Policy: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the introduction of first-time student fees in the California Community Colleges (CCC) in 1984, minority student enrollments decreased markedly. A special statewide symposium was convened by the Board of Governors (BOG) of the CCC, and in 1986 a major policy statement was adopted to improve minority student access and achievement. In…

Guichard, Gus


Lymphoma Vaccine Enters Large-Scale Clinical Trials

For the first time, results of a recently completed lymphoma cancer vaccine study show that there is a clear anti-tumor effect in a small group of patients who were vaccinated over the course of five years.


'Inconvenient biology:' advantages and disadvantages of first-time parenting after age 40 using in vitro fertilization  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND As ages at first birth have steadily risen in the industrial west over the last several decades, the phenomenon of ‘delayed childbearing’ has come under research scrutiny by demographers, medical specialists and social scientists. In this study, we specifically explore the perceived advantages and disadvantages of postponed conception as well as participants’ retrospective opinions on the ‘optimal age’ for parenting. METHODS To this end, we examined a cohort purposely chosen to epitomize delayed childbearing, i.e. men and women who used IVF to conceive at the very end of their reproductive capability. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted between 2009 and 2011 with 46 couples and 15 individual self-selected US women and men who had used IVF to conceive their first child when the woman was aged 40 or older at the time of delivery. Although the demographics of this cohort were consistent with others who use IVF in the USA, their median income was 3–4 times higher than that of the average US family, which may bias their largely positive parenting experiences. RESULTS Most women and men believed that childbearing later in life resulted in advantages for themselves and their families. These included having established careers with financial security and career-time flexibility, enhanced emotional preparedness, committed co-parenting relationships and a positive overall family experience. The main disadvantage was the unexpected difficulty in conceiving that culminated in the use of IVF and resulted in a smaller family than desired, although many expressed feeling ‘lucky’ to have children at all. Other disadvantages were lack of energy for parenting, less available lifetime to spend with children and anticipated stigma as older parents. CONCLUSIONS These disadvantages appear to have influenced conception and parenting experiences so that in hindsight the majority of participants identified the optimal age for first-time parenting as 5–10 years earlier than they had conceived. This age range was imagined to maximize the financial and emotional advantages of later parenting while minimizing the impact of age-related infertility, diminished energy, anticipated health issues and the social stigma of appearing too old to parent. PMID:22333985

Mac Dougall, K.; Beyene, Y.; Nachtigall, R.D.



Note: Following information for degree-seeking students only. Fall 2011 First-Time First Year VT O/S Total  

E-print Network

. & Soc. Serv. 873 429 ­­ 1,302 Engr. & Math. Sci. 957 185 ­­ 1,142 Medicine 0 477 ­­ 477 R.S. Env. & Nat,996 1,023 13,478 Race/Ethnicity Amer. Indian/Alaska Nat. 29 11 2 42 Asian 224 101 36 361 Black,784 $34,424 Graduate $14,610 $34,250 Medicine - 1st Year $31,097 $53,027 Fall 2011 Enrollment Fall 2011

Hayden, Nancy J.


Enteral Nutrition in Crohn's Disease: An Underused Therapy  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the literature on the history, efficacy, and putative mechanism of action of enteral nutrition for inflammatory bowel disease in both paediatric and adult patients. It also analyses the reasoning behind the low popularity of exclusive enteral nutrition in clinical practice despite the benefits and safety profile. PMID:24382954

Kansal, S.; Wagner, J.; Kirkwood, C. D.; Catto-Smith, A. G.



FACT SHEET for Licensed Practical Nurses Entering NEPS  

E-print Network

1 of 2 FACT SHEET for Licensed Practical Nurses Entering NEPS Frequently Asked Questions: 1. I am a Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) interested in entering the Nursing Education Program of Saskatchewan (NEPS). What are the NEPS entrance requirements for LPNs? Licensed Practical Nurses currently registered

Saskatchewan, University of


Imaging neuron-glia interactions in the enteric nervous system.  


The enteric nervous system (ENS) is a network of neurons and glia within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract that is able to control many aspects of digestive function independently from the central nervous system. Enteric glial cells share several features with astrocytes and are closely associated with enteric neurons and their processes both within enteric ganglia, and along interconnecting fiber bundles. Similar to other parts of the nervous system, there is communication between enteric neurons and glia; enteric glial cells can detect neuronal activity and have the machinery to intermediate neurotransmission. However, due to the close contact between these two cell types and the particular characteristics of the gut wall, the recording of enteric glial cell activity in live imaging experiments, especially in the context of their interaction with neurons, is not straightforward. Most studies have used calcium imaging approaches to examine enteric glial cell activity but in many cases, it is difficult to distinguish whether observed transients arise from glial cells, or neuronal processes or varicosities in their vicinity. In this technical report, we describe a number of approaches to unravel the complex neuron-glia crosstalk in the ENS, focusing on the challenges and possibilities of live microscopic imaging in both animal models and human tissue samples. PMID:24155689

Boesmans, Werend; Martens, Michiel A; Weltens, Nathalie; Hao, Marlene M; Tack, Jan; Cirillo, Carla; Vanden Berghe, Pieter



Spectral analysis of HIV seropositivity among migrant workers entering Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is paucity of published data on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Middle-East particularly Kuwait. We took advantage of the routine screening of migrants for HIV infection, upon arrival in Kuwait from the areas with high HIV prevalence, to 1) estimate the HIV seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Kuwait and to 2) ascertain if any

Saeed Akhtar; Hameed GHH Mohammad



Cholecystokinin activates specific enteric neurons in the rat small intestine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a peptide hormone released from the I-cells of the upper small intestine. CCK evokes a variety of physiological responses, such as stimulation of pancreatic secretion, reduction of food intake and inhibition of gastric emptying. Previously, we reported that CCK activates enteric neurons in the rat. However the specific subpopulations of enteric neurons activated by CCK have not

Ayman I Sayegh; Robert C Ritter



Animal models of Salmonella infections: enteritis versus typhoid fever  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most common disease syndromes caused by Salmonella serotypes in humans, typhoid fever and enteritis, can be modeled using Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium infections in mice and calves, respectively. This article reviews murine typhoid and bovine enteritis and discusses strengths, limitations and distinctive features of these animal models.

Renato L. Santos; Shuping Zhang; Renée M. Tsolis; Robert A. Kingsley; L. Garry Adams; Andreas J. Bäumler



Factors associated with coercion in entering treatment for alcohol problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the importance of coercion in entry to treatment for alcohol problems is recognized, few studies have focused on different types and levels of coercion among heterogeneous groups of clients entering treatment agencies. This paper describes demographic and problem characteristics associated with various sources and levels of coercion. More than 40% (n=377) of individuals entering a representative sample of a

Douglas L Polcin; Constance Weisner



Student Information -Enter the information in this section before printing this form. Student Health Center  

E-print Network

Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Marshall Islands and the Grenadines Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand Former Yugoslav

Rose, Michael R.


INSTRUCTIONS 1. Enter your student identification number and full name as they appear on your student  

E-print Network

Science 192 Comparative Literature 201 Computer Science 2A1Dance & Performance Studies 238 Development Studies 379 Film 387 French 9A1Gender and Women's Studies 396 Geography 408 German 414 Greek 429 History Music 587 Native American Studies Near Eastern Studies 5C1 Near Eastern Civilizations 5C2 Ancient

California at Irvine, University of


[Preparation of tablets containing enteric-coated diclofenac sodium pellets].  


Fluidized-bed manufactured enteric-coated diclofenac sodium pellets were compressed into tablets. The blend of two aqueous acrylic resins dispersion in different ratios, Eudragit NE30D and Eudragit L30D-55, were used to prepare enteric-coated diclofenac sodium pellets of different particle sizes and coating level. The cushioning pellets with different properties and these enteric-coated pellets were compressed into tablets in different proportions. The drug release of the tablets containing these pellets would be lower than 10% in 2 h in simulated gastric fluid, but reach (83 +/- 2.42)% in 1 h in simulated enteric fluid. The mixture of Eudragit NE30D and Eudragit L30D-55 could be used to prepare enteric pellets which are suitable for compression. The cushioning pellets which were composed of stearic acid/microcrystalline cellulose (4:1, w/w) could avoid rupture of the coating of pellets during the compression. PMID:18357741

Qi, Xiao-Le; Zhu, Jia-Bi; Chen, Sheng-Jun



Entering First-Year Residents' Experiences and Knowledge of Infection Control of Hepatitis B and HIV, at Five University-Affiliated Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 149 entering first-year medical residents concerning experiences with and knowledge of infection control investigated occurrence and patterns of accidental needle-sticking and reporting, student immunization for Hepatitis B, and instruction in universal precautions. It is concluded that students are at risk for needle-sticking, but…

Goetz, Angella; And Others



Development and validation of two learning outcome measures: 'Disposition to enter HE' and 'disposition to study mathematically demanding subjects in HE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to describe and validate the development of two measures constructed to measure AS students disposition (i) to enter HE and (ii) to further study mathematically-demanding subjects, which we regard as potentially significant variables in monitoring or even explaining students progress in to different studies in HE. The items for the scale were constructed on

Julian Williams; Maria Pampaka; Pauline Davis; Paul Hernandez-Martinez


A comparison of two nursing program exit exams that predict first-time NCLEX-RN outcome.  


This retrospective descriptive correlational study compared the predictive accuracy of the Health Education Systems, Inc, Exit Exam (Elsevier) and Assessment Technologies Institute's RN Comprehensive Predictor, both of which were administered to nursing students in an upper-division baccalaureate nursing program during their final semester of study. Using logistic regression analyses, it was determined that the two examinations were statistically significant but weak predictors of success on the RN licensure examination. The RN Comprehensive Predictor had a slightly better odds ratio; however, both examinations had similar sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy. Because the RN Comprehensive Predictor was included in the Assessment Technologies Institute's Comprehensive Assessment and Review Program already being used by the BSN program, based on the results of this study, the nursing faculty decided to use only the RN Comprehensive Predictor during its NCLEX-RN preparation course. PMID:24949714

Brodersen, Lisa D; Mills, Andrew C



HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours among MSM repeat and first-time testers in China: implications for HIV prevention  

PubMed Central

Introduction Little is known about HIV testing, HIV infection and sexual behaviour among bathhouse patrons in China. This study aims to assess differences in HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending bathhouse in Tianjin, China. Methods Between March 2011 and September 2012, a HIV voluntary counselling and testing station was established in a gay bathhouse, which provided HIV testing and conducted a survey among participants recruited through snowball sampling. Differences in demographic and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers were assessed using the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors for HIV infection. Results Of the 1642 respondents, 699 (42.6%) were repeat testers and 943 (57.4%) were first-time testers. Among repeat testers, a higher proportion were men aged 18 to 25, single, better educated, had a history of STIs and worked as male sex workers or “money boys” (MBs). Repeat testers were less likely to report having unprotected anal intercourse in the past six months. The overall HIV prevalence was 12.4% (203/1642). There was no difference in HIV prevalence between repeat (11.2%, 78/699) and first-time (13.3%, 125/943) testers. The HIV prevalence increased with age among first-time testers (?trend2=9.816, p=0.002). First-time MB testers had the highest HIV prevalence of 34.5%. Conclusions MSM attending bathhouse had an alarmingly high HIV infection rate, particularly in MB. Targeted interventions are urgently needed especially focusing on older MSM and MBs. PMID:24993457

Bai, Xue; Xu, Jie; Yang, Jie; Yang, Bo; Yu, Maohe; Gao, Yongjun; Dong, Willa M; Wu, Zunyou



Enteral resuscitation and early enteral feeding in children with major burns—Effect on McFarlane response to stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimEarly enteral feeding has become standard practice for burned patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether early enteral feeding could be used as an avenue for resuscitation and feeding and the effect it would have on the induction\\/amelioration of the hormonal stress response.

M. Venter; H. Rode; A. Sive; M. Visser



Chemistry Crosswords: Learning Activities to Support Non-Taditional Students in Third Level Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diversity of students entering third level science education has been widely discussed and attributed to the government policy on widening of participation in education. This has led to an enhanced number of “non traditional” students entering third level courses in Ireland. The diversity of the current third level student body may be attributed to the raised awareness of students with

Christine OConnor; Claire Mc Donnell; Michael Seery



A Smooth Transition? Education and Social Expectations of Direct Entry Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the most common type of student entering higher education falls within the 17-19-year-old age group, universities in the UK are keen to accept other categories of students onto programmes as a means of increasing diversity and maintaining student numbers in the latter portion of a programme. One such category is those students who enter

Barron, Paul; D'Annunzio-Green, Norma



Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott



Enter Search Term Enter Drill Deeper or ED Online ID Home Subscribe Back Issues Design FAQs Ideas for Design Power Analog  

E-print Network

Enter Search Term Enter Drill Deeper or ED Online ID Home Subscribe Back Issues Design FAQs Ideas Subscribe to Electronic Design UPDATE (Archive) Email: Enter Email Click to view this week's welcome screen

Rogers, John A.


[Postoperative enteral feeding in digestive anastomosis with proximal oesophageal partner].  


This paper aim is to discuss the advantages of enteral postoperative feeding on patients submitted to surgery finalized through an eso-digestive anastomosis; in these cases enteral feeding is often delayed 5-8 days after the surgery, and in case of an anastomotic dehiscence may be even impossible. Also, the paper promotes duodenostomy as an important enteral feeding way, and discusses the indications and contraindications of different enteral nutrition pathways in such cases. There were studied 230 cases, 149 cases submitted to cancer surgery and 81 cases with benign condition surgery followed by an eso-digestive anastomosis, in which the following enteral nutrition pathways was practiced: nasogastric or naso-esojejunal feeding tube (55 cases); Witzel jejunostomy (28 cases); gastrostomy (79 cases); duodenostomy (68 cases). Postoperative morbidity induced exclusively by the enteral nutrition pathway was encountered in 36% of patients. On patients with an eso-gastric cervical anastomosis or esogastric thoracic anastomosis we used jejunostomy as enteral feeding path and a gastric tube passed by pyloric canal for gastric decompression. In cases of esophageal reconstruction for benign esophageal strictures gastrostomy remains the best feeding method. Duodenostomy was practiced as a feeding pathway in cases of total gastrectomy with esojejunal anastomosis, with closure of the duodenal stump. PMID:20941969

Vasile, I; Mirea, C; Vîlcea, I D; Calot?, F; Pa?alega, M; Me?in?, C; Cheie, M; Mogoan??, S; Dumitrescu, T; Grecu, C; Radu, V; Moraru, E




Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary data analysis of a California statewide sample of nearly 7,000 entering MSW students between 1991 and 1999 sought to find out whether MSW students are less motivated by social work's traditional mission of serving the poor and whether students of color are more motivated than Caucasian students by this mission. Results indicate that (1) MSW students are highly attracted

Gordon E. Limb; Kurt C. Organista



Enteral Contrast in the Computed Tomography Diagnosis of Appendicitis  

PubMed Central

Objective Our goal was to perform a comparative effectiveness study of intravenous (IV)-only versus IV + enteral contrast in computed tomographic (CT) scans performed for patients undergoing appendectomy across a diverse group of hospitals. Background Small randomized trials from tertiary centers suggest that enteral contrast does not improve diagnostic performance of CT for suspected appendicitis, but generalizability has not been demonstrated. Eliminating enteral contrast may improve efficiency, patient comfort, and safety. Methods We analyzed data for adult patients who underwent nonelective appendectomy at 56 hospitals over a 2-year period. Data were obtained directly from patient charts by trained abstractors. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to adjust for potential confounding. The main outcome measure was concordance between final radiology interpretation and final pathology report. Results A total of 9047 adults underwent appendectomy and 8089 (89.4%) underwent CT, 54.1% of these with IV contrast only and 28.5% with IV + enteral contrast. Pathology findings correlated with radiographic findings in 90.0% of patients who received IV + enteral contrast and 90.4% of patients scanned with IV contrast alone. Hospitals were categorized as rural or urban and by their teaching status. Regardless of hospital type, there was no difference in concordance between IV-only and IV + enteral contrast. After adjusting for age, sex, comorbid conditions, weight, hospital type, and perforation, odds ratio of concordance for IV + enteral contrast versus IV contrast alone was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.72–1.25). Conclusions Enteral contrast does not improve CT evaluation of appendicitis in patients undergoing appendectomy. These broadly generalizable results from a diverse group of hospitals suggest that enteral contrast can be eliminated in CT scans for suspected appendicitis. PMID:24598250

Drake, Frederick Thurston; Alfonso, Rafael; Bhargava, Puneet; Cuevas, Carlos; Dighe, Manjiri K.; Florence, Michael G.; Johnson, Morris G.; Jurkovich, Gregory J.; Steele, Scott R.; Symons, Rebecca Gaston; Thirlby, Richard C.; Flum, David R.



Enteric microbiota leads to new therapeutic strategies for ulcerative colitis  

PubMed Central

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a leading form of inflammatory bowel disease that involves chronic relapsing or progressive inflammation. As a significant proportion of UC patients treated with conventional therapies do not achieve remission, there is a pressing need for the development of more effective therapies. The human gut contains a large, diverse, and dynamic population of microorganisms, collectively referred to as the enteric microbiota. There is a symbiotic relationship between the human host and the enteric microbiota, which provides nutrition, protection against pathogenic organisms, and promotes immune homeostasis. An imbalance of the normal enteric microbiota composition (termed dysbiosis) underlies the pathogenesis of UC. A reduction of enteric microbiota diversity has been observed in UC patients, mainly affecting the butyrate-producing bacteria, such as Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, which can repress pro-inflammatory cytokines. Many studies have shown that enteric microbiota plays an important role in anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities, which can benefit UC patients. Therefore, manipulation of the dysbiosis is an attractive approach for UC therapy. Various therapies targeting a restoration of the enteric microbiota have shown efficacy in treating patients with active and chronic forms of UC. Such therapies include fecal microbiota transplantation, probiotics, prebiotics, antibiotics, helminth therapy, and dietary polyphenols, all of which can alter the abundance and composition of the enteric microbiota. Although there have been many large, randomized controlled clinical trials assessing these treatments, the effectiveness and safety of these bacteria-driven therapies need further evaluation. This review focuses on the important role that the enteric microbiota plays in maintaining intestinal homeostasis and discusses new therapeutic strategies targeting the enteric microbiota for UC.

Chen, Wei-Xu; Ren, Li-Hua; Shi, Rui-Hua



Pediatric Enteric Feeding Techniques: Insertion, Maintenance, and Management of Problems  

SciTech Connect

Enteral feeding is considered a widespread, well-accepted means of delivering nutrition to adults and children who are unable to consume food by mouth or who need support in maintaining adequate nutrition for a variety of reasons, including acute and chronic disease states. Delivery of enteral feeding to nutritionally deprived patients may be achieved by several means. In this article, the indications and insertion of enteral access in children will be reviewed. In addition, common complications and management of problems will be discussed.

Nijs, Els L. F., E-mail: nijs@email.chop.ed [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Clinical Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (United States); Cahill, Anne Marie, E-mail: cahill@email.chop.ed [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (United States)



Risk factors affecting morbidity in typhoid enteric perforation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Typhoid enteric perforation is a cause of high morbidity and mortality. This study aim is to determine the factors affecting\\u000a morbidity in patients with typhoid enteric perforation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  Ninety-six patients with typhoid enteric perforation were reviewed. The variables are defined as follows: Age, gender, complaints,\\u000a perforation–operation interval, typhoid fever treatment before the perforation or not, white blood cell (WBC)

E. Gedik; S. Girgin; I. H. Taçy?ld?z; Y. Akgün



Reducing the Rate of Recidivism for First-Time Juvenile Offenders with the Parent Monitoring Program, PMP: A Family Counseling Intervention Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effectiveness of a family counseling intervention program called the Parent Monitoring Program (PMP) on reducing the rate of recidivism with first-time juvenile offenders in New Orleans, Louisiana. The PMP is a multimodal treatment intervention that combines individual, family, and group, counseling services to juvenile offenders and their families. Pugh, Force, Rault, and Triche (2000) reported that

Rhonda C. Vappie-Aydin



Low-income first time mothers: Effects on advanced practice nurse (APN) follow up telephone calls on maternal and infant health and health care charges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States has over 4 million births annually. Currently healthy women with non-complicated deliveries receive little to no routine postpartum support when discharged from the hospital. This is especially problematic if mothers are first time mothers, poor, have language barriers and little to no social support after giving birth. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare

Jean L Hannan



Altered States of Consciousness and Short-Term Psychological After-Effects Induced by the First Time Ritual Use of Ayahuasca in an Urban Context in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes psychological assessments of the first time ritual use of ayahuasca in the religious groups Uni?o do Vegetal and Santo Daime. Nineteen subjects who tried the beverage in Santo Daime rituals and nine subjects who tried it in Uni?o do Vegetal rituals were evaluated one to four days before their first ayahuasca experience in life and one to

Paulo Cesar Ribeiro Barbosa; Joel Sales Giglio; Paulo Dalgalarrondo



A new 2D world for physicists? Recent successes in producing for the first time crystal structures made of an isolated single atomic  

E-print Network

A new 2D world for physicists? Recent successes in producing for the first time crystal structures) to reduce the expose surface. In fact to produce a surface costs energy and if atoms are mobile enough graphene. We have encountered this word before since both 0-D objects like the fullerene and 1-D objects

Qian, Ning


Parental Development in First-Time Mothers of Handicapped, At-Risk and Normal Children. Final Report, July 1, 1978 through August 31, 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two studies reported in this paper explored parental development in first-time mothers of handicapped, at-risk, and normal children. Measures of personality, motivation, belief system, knowledge of infant development, and anticipatory socialization (knowledge, beliefs or expectations of parenting) were used to examine differences between the…

Busch, Nancy Ann; Peters, Donald L.


CSRDE RETENTION SURVEY -2012-13 (Fall 2012 Update) Section I: Institution-wide Rates for All First-time, Full-time, Bachelor-degree-seeking Freshmen  

E-print Network

CSRDE RETENTION SURVEY - 2012-13 (Fall 2012 Update) Section I: Institution-wide Rates for All First-time, Full-time, Bachelor-degree-seeking Freshmen Institution : The University of Montana - Missoula Subgroup.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% RETENTION RATE CUMULATIVE GRADUATION/CONTINUATION RATES WITHIN 4 YEARS WITHIN 5

Vonessen, Nikolaus


Institution Retention and Graduation Rates of Full-time First-time Freshmen in Baccalaureate Programs by Year of Entry:* Queens  

E-print Network

Institution Retention and Graduation Rates of Full-time First-time Freshmen in Baccalaureate Years 8 Years 10 Years *Retention Rates are calculated as the percentage who are still enrolled are calculated as the percentage earning a degree at the college of entry any time prior to the start

Qiu, Weigang


Institution Retention and Graduation Rates of Full-time First-time Freshmen in Baccalaureate Programs by Year of Entry:* Hunter  

E-print Network

Institution Retention and Graduation Rates of Full-time First-time Freshmen in Baccalaureate Years 8 Years 10 Years *Retention Rates are calculated as the percentage who are still enrolled are calculated as the percentage earning a degree at the college of entry any time prior to the start

Qiu, Weigang


PSU ARL Additive Manufacturing Capstone Project For the first time the PSU ARL, the IE480W CIMP-3D Group at Penn State showed that  

E-print Network

PSU ARL Additive Manufacturing Capstone Project For the first time the PSU ARL, the IE480W CIMP-3D Processing by Direct Digital Deposition (CIMP-3D), is a program utilizing Additive Manufacturing (AM was to develop an understanding of how key operating parameters such as layer thickness, manufacturing

Demirel, Melik C.


Mandatory Computer Purchases and Student Preparedness: Implications for New Student Orientation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the perceptions of first and second year college students about their preparedness and technical competence at college entry to use the computer and software applications. Survey responses from 338 students suggest that entering students felt better prepared than second year thought they had been, and that all students make gains over time…

Twale, Darla J.; Schaller, Molly A.



View facing north (30°) of Transmission Line entering Teton River ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View facing north (30°) of Transmission Line entering Teton River Valley, near Structure 40-7 - Havre Rainbow Transmission Line, Havre City to Great Falls vicinity, Montana, Great Falls, Cascade County, MT


ORIGINAL ARTICLE Occurrence of adenovirus and other enteric viruses in  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Occurrence of adenovirus and other enteric viruses in limited-contact freshwater Introduction Recreational outbreaks caused by adenoviruses, coxsackie- viruses, echoviruses and noroviruses (CSOs) and stormwater are sources of viruses which could significantly impact recreational water quality

Illinois at Chicago, University of


221. View entering smart view. Note the unique snake rail ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

221. View entering smart view. Note the unique snake rail fence. The pond was a manipulated landscape element. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC



Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey




EPA Science Inventory

Various parameters involved in recovering indigenous enteric viruses from wastewater sludges aided by buffered beef extract elution and subsequent organic flocculation concentration were examined. Conditions were optimized to yield an overall effective method for use in environme...



Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey




Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey



69. Vice President Ford entering SAC command post, February, 1974 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

69. Vice President Ford entering SAC command post, February, 1974 - Offutt Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command Headquarters & Command Center, Headquarters Building, 901 SAC Boulevard, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE


Crosstalk between muscularis macrophages and enteric neurons regulates gastrointestinal motility.  


Intestinal peristalsis is a dynamic physiologic process influenced by dietary and microbial changes. It is tightly regulated by complex cellular interactions; however, our understanding of these controls is incomplete. A distinct population of macrophages is distributed in the intestinal muscularis externa. We demonstrate that, in the steady state, muscularis macrophages regulate peristaltic activity of the colon. They change the pattern of smooth muscle contractions by secreting bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), which activates BMP receptor (BMPR) expressed by enteric neurons. Enteric neurons, in turn, secrete colony stimulatory factor 1 (CSF1), a growth factor required for macrophage development. Finally, stimuli from microbial commensals regulate BMP2 expression by macrophages and CSF1 expression by enteric neurons. Our findings identify a plastic, microbiota-driven crosstalk between muscularis macrophages and enteric neurons that controls gastrointestinal motility. PAPERFLICK: PMID:25036630

Muller, Paul Andrew; Koscsó, Balázs; Rajani, Gaurav Manohar; Stevanovic, Korey; Berres, Marie-Luise; Hashimoto, Daigo; Mortha, Arthur; Leboeuf, Marylene; Li, Xiu-Min; Mucida, Daniel; Stanley, E Richard; Dahan, Stephanie; Margolis, Kara Gross; Gershon, Michael David; Merad, Miriam; Bogunovic, Milena



Reductive and hydrolytic activities of enteric bacteria on food colours.  


Reductive and hydrolytic activities on two food colours namely metanil yellow and indigo carmine by different strains of enteric bacteria were evaluated. Enteric bacteria possessed both reductive and hydrolytic capabilities which depended upon the incubation period and the type of strain. In certain bacterial strains, (Escherichia coli and Vibrio sp.), reductive activity was visible after 3 hr. Other enteric strains showed an increasing activity right from the beginning of incubation. Enterobacter cloacae appeared to be producing maximum reductive capability followed by Enterobacter aerogenes and E. coli. Even enteric bacterial strains demonstrated a good response in obtaining hydrolytic activity of indigo carmine during incubation upto 10 hr, establishing the fact that the gut microflora may cause health problem to consumers. PMID:9475071

Singh, S; Das, M; Khanna, S K



Planar cell polarity genes control the connectivity of enteric neurons  

PubMed Central

A highly complex network of intrinsic enteric neurons is required for the digestive and homeostatic functions of the gut. Nevertheless, the genetic and molecular mechanisms that regulate their assembly into functional neuronal circuits are currently unknown. Here we report that the planar cell polarity (PCP) genes Celsr3 and Fzd3 are required during murine embryogenesis to specifically control the guidance and growth of enteric neuronal projections relative to the longitudinal and radial gut axes. Ablation of these genes disrupts the normal organization of nascent neuronal projections, leading to subtle changes of axonal tract configuration in the mature enteric nervous system (ENS), but profound abnormalities in gastrointestinal motility. Our data argue that PCP-dependent modules of connectivity established at early stages of enteric neurogenesis control gastrointestinal function in adult animals and provide the first evidence that developmental deficits in ENS wiring may contribute to the pathogenesis of idiopathic bowel disorders. PMID:23478408

Sasselli, Valentina; Boesmans, Werend; Vanden Berghe, Pieter; Tissir, Fadel; Goffinet, André M.; Pachnis, Vassilis



Preparation and characterization of enteric microparticles by coacervation.  


The aim of this study was to produce cinnarizine loaded Eudragit(®) L100-55 microparticles by coacervation technique in order to achieve pH responsive drug release using hydroxypropyl methycellulose (HPMC) as stabilizer. The effect of enteric polymer: HPMC ratio on properties of microparticles was investigated with regard to particle size distribution, morphology, yield, encapsulation efficiency, in vitro drug release profiles and interaction between cinnarizine and Eudragit(®) L100-55. High drug encapsulation efficiency was seen in all microparticles. Particle diameter increased when the enteric polymer content was higher relative to HPMC. In vitro dissolution studies demonstrated that the drug release from the microparticles was dependent upon enteric polymer: HPMC ratio and particle size distribution. At the ratio of at least 3.75:1 of enteric polymer: HPMC, drug release was suppressed most significantly in low pH (hydrochloric acid as medium) while rapid drug release was observed in pH 7.4. PMID:23003201

Thomas, Steffi; Chong, Yin Ning; Chaw, Cheng Shu



ENTER: the personalisation and contextualisation of 3-dimensional worlds  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the details of the ENTER (Environment which Totally Envelops the useR) system. The ENTER system seeks to provide a totally, immersive 3-dimensional environment which is highly, configurable and personalised based on the perceived needs of an individual user. The use of agent-oriented modelling and design techniques has lead to a versatile and flexible system within which the constituent

T. Guinan; C. M. P. O'Hare; N. Doikov



Antimicrobial Resistance in Enteric Pathogens in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Bacterial enteric infections exact a heavy toll on human populations, particularly among children and immunosuppressed individuals\\u000a in developing countries, where malnutrition, HIV\\/AIDS and poor sanitation abound. Despite the explosion of knowledge on the\\u000a pathogenesis of enteric diseases during the past two decades, the number of diarrhoeal episodes and human deaths reported\\u000a especially among the poor populations in developing countries remain

Samuel Kariuki


Endovascular Management of Acute Enteric Bleeding from Pancreas Transplant  

SciTech Connect

Arterioenteric fistula is a rare but serious complication of enteric drained pancreas transplant, which may lead to massive gastrointestinal bleeding. We present 3 patients with failed enteric drained pancreas transplants and massive gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to arterioenteric fistula. One patient was treated by embolization and the 2 others by stent graft placement. Bleeding was successfully controlled in all cases, at follow up of 5 days, 8 months, and 12 months, respectively. One patient died 24 days after embolization, of unknown causes.

Semiz-Oysu, Aslihan; Cwikiel, Wojciech [University of Michigan Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)], E-mail:



The Interaction of Human Enteric Pathogens with Plants  

PubMed Central

There are an increasing number of outbreaks of human pathogens related to fresh produce. Thus, the growth of human pathogens on plants should be explored. Human pathogens can survive under the harsh environments in plants, and can adhere and actively invade plants. Plant-associated microbiota or insects contribute to the survival and transmission of enteric pathogens in plants. Human enteric pathogens also trigger plant innate immunity, but some pathogens–such as Salmonella–can overcome this defense mechanism.

Lim, Jeong-A; Lee, Dong Hwan; Heu, Sunggi




E-print Network

for first-year student-athletes who were recruited, in accordance with NCAA Division I Bylaw 13Special-Admissions FOR FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS GENERALLY AND FIRST-YEAR STUDENT-ATHLETES ON ATHLETICS of entering first-year students. 2. Indicate the numerical percentage of first-year student-athletes receiving

Vonessen, Nikolaus


Gaming for middle school students: building virtual worlds  

Microsoft Academic Search

We can begin engaging new talented students Computer Science students with Gaming as the introduction. Students are already excited and curious about games. Research studies suggests students form opinions about whether they enjoy science or non-science subjects as early as middle school. Furthermore, a student entering high school makes course selections based on their interests of preparing for college or

Charles R. Hardnett



Lupus Enteritis as an Initial Presentation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus  

PubMed Central

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder which can affect multiple organs and clinical presentation is often a myriad of symptoms; therefore, the index of suspicion should rise when evaluating patients with multiorgan symptomatology. Lupus enteritis is a distinct subset of SLE, defined as either vasculitis or inflammation of the small bowel, with supportive image and/or biopsy findings. The clinical picture of lupus enteritis is often nonspecific, with mild to severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting being the cardinal manifestations. Although considered a form of visceral or serosal vasculitis, lupus enteritis is seldom confirmed on histology, making computerized tomography (CT) the gold standard for diagnosis. Lupus enteritis is generally steroid-responsive, and the route of administration is based on clinical status and organ involvement, with preference for intravenous (IV) route in flares with significant tissue edema. The following case describes a young woman presenting with lupus enteritis and lupus panniculitis as an initial manifestation of SLE, the utilization of abdominal CT in diagnosis, and current treatment protocols used for lupus enteritis. PMID:25295199

Sran, Manpreet; Patel, Narmisha



Field survey of enteric viruses in solid waste landfill leachates.  

PubMed Central

Because municipal solid waste may contain fecal material from a variety of sources, there is concern that the leachate discharged from some solid waste landfills may contain enteric pathogens, including enteric viruses. In this study, 22 leachate samples from 21 different landfills in the United States and Canada were examined for enteric viruses. The sites represented a broad range of conditions for solid waste landfills and the leachate samples ranged from 10.3 to 18 liters in volume. Enteric viruses were found in only one of the 22 leachate samples examined. Two viruses, identified as poliovirus types 1 and 3, were found in an 11.8 liter sample obtained from a site where solid waste landfill practice was deficient. The low levels of enteric viruses detected in field samples of raw leachate and the opportunities for further reductions in the virus concentration of leachates by such processes as thermal inactivation, removal by soil and dilution in ground and surface waters, suggest that leachates from properly operated solid waste landfills do not constitute an environmental or public health hazard due to enteric viruses. PMID:28677

Sobsey, M D



Student teachers' perceptions of important characteristics of cooperating teachers  

E-print Network

A challenge faced by agricultural educators across the country is a lack of qualified teachers entering the profession. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between student teacher perceptions of the student teacher...

Kasperbauer, Holly Jo



East Carolina University Student Organization  

E-print Network

for Student Organizations Entering into Contractual Relationships 22 Posting Guidelines 23 Campus Living Email Address for your Organization 30 Organization Conduct Procedures 30 Hazing Policy 31 Equal registered, student organizations may reserve campus facilities, apply for SGA funding, receive a mailbox


Florida High Schools Contributing 20 or More FTIC Students Admissions High School City # Students Summer Fall Total  

E-print Network

Naples 20 Plantation Plantation 20 Santaluces Community Lake Worth 20 First-Time-In-College by Age: Student Instruction File First-Time-In-College (FTIC) Characteristics Fall 2012 Florida Atlantic American Indian 9 0.3% Cypress Bay Weston 29 Asian 134 4% Western Davie 27 Black 447 14% Dreyfoos School

Fernandez, Eduardo


Student Attitude Inventory - 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 42-item Student Attitude Inventory (SAI) was administered to entering college freshmen at the University of Illinois (see TM 001 015). The SAI items are divided into nine categories on the basis of content as follows: voting behavior, drug usage, financial, Viet Nam war, education, religious behavior, pollution, housing, and alienation. A…

Gillmore, Gerald M.; Aleamoni, Lawrence M.


Role of FODMAP content in enteral nutrition-associated diarrhea.  


Gastrointestinal symptoms including diarrhea are common complications of enteral nutrition (EN); however, the cause is unclear. Mode of EN delivery that alters digestion and possibly absorption is suggested to contribute to the high incidence of diarrhea; however, enteral formula is frequently blamed. Most research has focused on fiber-supplemented EN, with a meta-analysis showing that fiber reduces the incidence of diarrhea in non-intensive care unit studies. Other hypotheses include formula osmolality and FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols) content. FODMAPs are poorly absorbed short-chain carbohydrates that exert an osmotic effect. Dietary FODMAPs have been shown to reduce gastrointestinal symptoms, including diarrhea, in those with irritable bowel syndrome and, given a high-enough dose, will induce a laxative effect in most people. As FODMAPs are commonly added to enteral formula and EN is frequently used as the main source of nutrition, it is reasonable to hypothesize that EN provides more FODMAPs than usual dietary intake and increases risk for developing diarrhea. This hypothesis was assessed through a retrospective study showing that the standard-use enteral formula Isosource 1.5 had a protective effect of developing diarrhea. The only characteristic unique to Isosource 1.5 was the lower FODMAP content as determined through methodologies previously validated for food analysis. Methodologies for application to enteral formulas are currently undergoing formal validation. Once confirmed for application in enteral formula, future directions include FODMAP analysis of specific ingredients to increase understanding of potential problems associated with enteral formula and a randomized, controlled trial investigating the role of formula FODMAP content. PMID:24251699

Halmos, Emma P



Atlas monitored drift tube long-term stability and aging study performed for the first time with the gas-recirculation system planned for LHC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The monitored drift tubes (MDTs) of the Atlas muon spectrometer have to sustain count rates up to 1500 Hz\\/cm and must be able to survive an accumulated charge of up to 0.6 C\\/cm during 10 years of operation. This paper presents results of aging studies carried out at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility GIF for the first time with a

Stephanie Zimmermann; Claus Cernoch



The Influence of Learning Environment on Student Conceptions of Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to the increasing numbers of students who now study across more than one of the traditional sectors of education and training, this research explored quantitative differences in conceptions of learning between students who had entered university study on the basis of a VET qualification, and those who had entered on a basis of previous…

Smith, Peter J.; Blake, Damian



Undecided First-Year Students: A 25-Year Longitudinal Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed over 25 years first-year students entering college undecided about a major. Entering students' responses were consistent in terms of their demographic characteristics, reasons for attending college, and levels of undecidedness. Their levels of anxiety about choosing a major increased only slightly. They did not differ significantly from a…

Gordon, Virginia N.; Steele, George E.



University of Idaho Student Union Building  

E-print Network

the drinking age w as raised from 19 to 21. Murdoc·s got a $100,000 liquor license and a be about entering a Moscow bar. as the one year, 364 day wait for legality was finally over. Meanw hile 18 year old's to enter but not drink, while older students mourned the anniver- sary of the closing

O'Laughlin, Jay


Public-Private Partnerships Benefit Students and Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's highly competitive job market, it takes more than just having the right training or degree to get hired. Many companies require previous work experience to even be considered for an interview. For young adults looking to enter the workforce for the first time, or older adults making a career change, this can be a frustrating situation.…

Nichols, Tiffani



Exploring Academic Outcomes of Homeschooled Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examines the academic outcomes of homeschooled students who enter a medium size doctoral institution located in the Midwest. Descriptive analysis reveals homeschool students possess higher ACT scores, grade point averages (GPAs) and graduation rates when compared to traditionally-educated students. In addition, multiple…

Cogan, Michael F.



Online Options for Math-Advanced Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Once upon a time, a student well advanced past grade level in math would have had few choices. Advanced students would invariably outpace the skills of their elementary teachers, and due to age wouldn't have options such as going to the middle school or community college for classes. Soon thereafter, students would enter middle school only to find…

Wessling, Suki



Financing student education in the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Funding arrangements for university students entering courses will undergo a major change from 2006. From that date, universities will be able to charge students up to £3,000 in tuition fees as a contribution to their education. Dental students may be disproportionately affected by the resulting debt because they will have less opportunity than those in other courses to earn money

P Giannini; H Devlin



Assessing Kinesiology Students' Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student learning in higher education is traditionally assessed and compared using institution statistics (e.g., graduation rate, students' entrance examinations scores and percent of students with jobs or plans to enter graduate or professional schools after graduation). This practice is no longer adequate to meet the needs of workforce…

Zhu, Weimo



Why Underprepared Students Drop out College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students are entering college underprepared and do not earn a degree because of the many barriers they encounter. The purpose of this study was to identify reasons underprepared students did not complete college and to examine strategies, resources, and programs that underprepared students could have used to persist in college. The…

Mattison, Helen



Racial stereotypes of one hundred college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The degree of agreement among the students in assigning characteristics from a list of 84 adjectives to different races seemed too great to be the result solely of the students' contacts with members of those races. Individual experience may have entered into a student's judgment, but it probably did so to confirm the original stereotype which he had learned. Because

D. Katz; K. Braly



Mast cells in Canine parvovirus-2-associated enteritis with crypt abscess.  


The role of mast cells (MCs) in allergic reactions and parasitic infections is well established. Their involvement in host immune response against bacterial and viral infections is reported. In this study, investigation is made to determine if MCs are associated with Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2)-induced enteritis with crypt abscess (ECA). Mast cell count (MCC) was made on toluidine blue-stained intestinal sections from a total of 34 dogs. These included 16 dogs exhibiting ECA positive for CPV-2 and negative for Canine distemper virus and Canine coronavirus by immunohistochemistry and fluorescent antibody test, 12 dogs with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and 6 non-ECA/non-IBD (control) dogs. The average total MCC per high-power field in ECA (40.8 ± 2.2) and IBD (24.7 ± 2.1) was significantly higher (P < .05) than in the control (3.4 ± 0.6). Although not significant (P > .05), MCC was also higher in ECA than in IBD. The present study for the first time has documented significantly increased MCs in CPV-2-associated ECA as was previously reported for IBD, showing that MCs may also play an important role in CPV-2-associated ECA. Further studies involving more CPV-infected dogs are recommended to substantiate the findings. PMID:23558973

Woldemeskel, M W; Saliki, J T; Blas-Machado, U; Whittington, L



Management of Hyperglycemia During Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Therapy  

PubMed Central

Hyperglycemia is a frequent complication of enteral and parenteral nutrition in hospitalized patients. Extensive evidence from observational studies indicates that the development of hyperglycemia during parenteral and enteral nutrition is associated with an increased risk of death and infectious complications. There are no specific guidelines recommending glycemic targets and effective strategies for the management of hyperglycemia during specialized nutritional support. Managing hyperglycemia in these patients should include optimization of carbohydrate content and administration of intravenous or subcutaneous insulin therapy. The administration of continuous insulin infusion and insulin addition to nutrition bag are efficient approaches to control hyperglycemia during parenteral nutrition. Subcutaneous administration of long-acting insulin with scheduled or corrective doses of short-acting insulin is superior to the sliding scale insulin strategy in patients receiving enteral feedings. Randomized controlled studies are needed to evaluate safe and effective therapeutic strategies for the management of hyperglycemia in patients receiving nutritional support. PMID:23065369

Umpierrez, Guillermo E.



Bioengineered probiotics, a strategic approach to control enteric infections  

PubMed Central

Enteric infections account for high morbidity and mortality and are considered to be the fifth leading cause of death at all ages worldwide. Seventy percent of all enteric infections are foodborne. Thus significant efforts have been directed toward the detection, control and prevention of foodborne diseases. Many antimicrobials including antibiotics have been used for their control and prevention. However, probiotics offer a potential alternative intervention strategy owing to their general health beneficial properties and inhibitory effects against foodborne pathogens. Often, antimicrobial probiotic action is non-specific and non-discriminatory or may be ineffective. In such cases, bioengineered probiotics expressing foreign gene products to achieve specific function is highly desirable. In this review we summarize the strategic development of recombinant bioengineered probiotics to control enteric infections, and to examine how scientific advancements in the human microbiome and their immunomodulatory effects help develop such novel and safe bioengineered probiotics. PMID:23327986

Amalaradjou, Mary Anne Roshni; Bhunia, Arun K



Exacerbation of alcoholic liver injury by enteral endotoxin in rats.  


Increased gut permeability (leaky gut) and endotoxin-mediated Kupffer cell activation are proposed as the mechanisms of alcoholic liver injury. Although ethanol feeding is shown to sensitize the liver for injury induced by parental administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), how enteral LPS loading affects alcoholic liver injury is yet to be tested. The present study provides direct evidence for enhanced entrance to portal circulation of LPS enterally administered to the intragastric ethanol infusion model. Portal and systemic blood endotoxin levels increased to 43.0 +/- 4.1 and 6.2 +/- 4.3 pg/mL at 2 hours following enteral LPS administration (5 mg/kg) in alcohol-fed animals, while no such increases were observed in pair-fed controls. However, endotoxin levels in systemic blood of alcohol-fed rats were reduced to 0 to 1. 5 pg/mL 16 hours after LPS administration. Weekly enteral administration of LPS to the model for 9 weeks exacerbated an increase in plasma alanine transaminase (ALT) levels (227 +/- 75 vs. 140 +/- 70; P <.01), mononuclear infiltration (25 +/- 22 vs. 6.4 +/- 4.4/10 mm(2); P =.02), sinusoidal congestion, and spotty necrosis, and induced diffuse coagulative necrosis and centrilobular fibrosis in some animals. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis confirmed the LPS effect at the tissue level by demonstrating accentuated induction of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and Cox-2 mRNA. In conclusion, enteral LPS administration potentiates alcoholic liver necrosis, inflammation, and fibrosis despite efficient endotoxin clearance by the liver and mild systemic endotoxemia that occurs episodically following enteral LPS challenge. PMID:11050051

Mathurin, P; Deng, Q G; Keshavarzian, A; Choudhary, S; Holmes, E W; Tsukamoto, H



Institutional differences and student development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Administered the Omnibus Personality Inventory (OPI) to entering freshmen (N = 91-703), after the 1st yr. (N = 19-75), and the 2nd (N = 18-101). Institutional differences were revealed by College Goals Rating Sheet, the College and University Environment Scales, and campus visits. Institutional means for entering students ranged across 2 standard deviations for several OPI scales and factors. Test-retest

Arthur W. Chickering; James McDowell; Dennis Campagna



78 FR 15283 - Uniform National Threshold Entered Employment Rate for Veterans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Uniform National Threshold Entered Employment Rate for Veterans AGENCY: Veterans' Employment...uniform national threshold entered employment rate (UNTEER) for veterans, as required of...comparing the actual entered employment rate (EER) achieved for veterans with...



Serotonergic pathways in the Drosophila larval enteric nervous system.  


The enteric nervous system is critical for coordinating diverse feeding-related behaviors and metabolism. We have characterized a cluster of four serotonergic neurons in Drosophila larval brain: cell bodies are located in the subesophageal ganglion (SOG) whose neuronal processes project into the enteric nervous system. Electrophysiological, calcium imaging and behavioral analyses indicate a functional role of these neurons in modulating foregut motility. We suggest that the axonal projections of this serotonergic cluster may be part of a brain-gut neural pathway that is functionally analogous to the vertebrate vagus nerve. PMID:24907674

Schoofs, Andreas; Hückesfeld, Sebastian; Surendran, Sandya; Pankratz, Michael J



Maximize Student Time On Task  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Student time on task is the most influential factor in student achievement. To maximize time on task, teachers need to make decisions about the systems they install in their classroom well before any students enter the room. Beginning the school year by explicitly teaching process skills and having classroom operating systems that reinforce process skills are two strategies that lay the foundation for logical thinking throughout the year, which are discussed in this article.

Peters, Erin



The Effect of MSW Education on Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Substance Abusing Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entering ("n"?=?475) and graduating ("n"?=?454) students at 3 master's of social work programs in the northeast were compared regarding their knowledge and attitudes concerning working with substance abusing clients. In comparison to entering students, graduating students demonstrated modestly higher levels of knowledge,…

Senreich, Evan; Straussner, Shulamith Lala A.



The Role of Precollege Data in Assessing and Understanding Student Engagement in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research studies show that high school experiences, engagement, and academic achievement, as well as entering expectations and attitudes, are important predictors of student success. Therefore, to better understand first-year student engagement, it makes sense to consider the backgrounds and precollege characteristics of entering college students

Cole, James S.; Kennedy, Marianne; Ben-Avie, Michael



Engagement in post?compulsory education: students' motivation and action  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on one phase of a project on student engagement in Aotearoa New Zealand. It reports the results of a survey of students enrolled for the first time in a post?compulsory education programme. The students were enrolled in one of nine institutions: two universities, one w?nanga, four institutes of technology, a private training establishment and a community organisation.

Nick Zepke; Linda Leach; Philippa Butler



Engagement in Post-Compulsory Education: Students' Motivation and Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on one phase of a project on student engagement in Aotearoa New Zealand. It reports the results of a survey of students enrolled for the first time in a post-compulsory education programme. The students were enrolled in one of nine institutions: two universities, one wananga, four institutes of technology, a private training…

Zepke, Nick; Leach, Linda; Butler, Philippa



Data Sources: Unless otherwise noted, all data used for the student section of this book are from the Student Information System (SIS).  

E-print Network

,924 83 12,991 First-time, First-year Students 1,442 #12;Headcount Enrollment by College, Department Levels: Undergraduate: Students enrolled as first-year, sophomore, junior, senior, or fifth-year students: American Indian, Asian, Black, Hispanic, Pacific Islander, and White Multiracial: Students who identify


Entering Communities: Social Justice Oriented Disaster Response Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors need to learn how to effectively and respectfully enter into communities hit by disasters and create collaborative partnerships with community members. Using critical consciousness theory, the authors describe a humanistic, culturally responsive approach to disaster response counseling for marginalized individuals and communities and…

West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Goodman, Rachael D.



When Lava Enters the Sea: Growth & Collapse of Lava Deltas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page uses photographs and illustrations of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, to illustrate the typical growth and collapse of lava deltas, fan-shaped platforms formed when pahoehoe lava enters the ocean for extended periods of time. The page also discusses the hazards associated with active lava deltas.

Griggs, J.; Mattox, T.; Johnson, J.; Heliker, C.; Kezthelyi, L.


Morphological classifications of enteric neurons -- 100 years after Dogiel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first differentiation of enteric neurons into three morphological types was done by the russian histologist A. S. Dogiel on the basis of the different shapes and lengths of their dendrites. Although a number of authors considered his results during the following decades, only a division into two types withstood time: type I neurons had one long and several short

A. Brehmer; Falk Schrödl; Winfried Neuhuber



Implications of Timing of Entering Adulthood for Identity Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five external markers of adulthood, self-perceived adulthood at age 27, and identity achievement at ages 27, 36, and 42 were explored for 95 women and 94 men in a cohort of Finns born in 1959. Earlier transition to adulthood in family life (moving from the parental home, entering marriage or cohabitation, having a child) anticipated higher…

Fadjukoff, Paivi; Kokko, Katja; Pulkkinen, Lea



Entering Guanxi: A Business Ethical Dilemma in Mainland China?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper represents an effort to distinguish between two types of guanxi prevalent in mainland China: favor-seeking guanxi that is culturally rooted and rent-seeking guanxi that is institutionally defined. Different rules of maneuvering the two types of guanxi are identified in light of Chinese cultural and business ethics. Strategies for entering guanxi in mainland China are also suggested.

Chenting Su; James E. Littlefield



Coliphages as indicators of human enteric viruses in groundwater  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to a lack of dependable routine methods for direct analysis of pathogenic microorganisms, tests for bacteria that are supposed to be of intestinal origin are used to indicate the presence and extent of fecal pollution in water. Current indicators are not accurate monitors of fecal pollution and do not adequately reflect the presence of human enteric viruses. Coliphages (viruses

Jill A. Snowdon; Dean O. Cliver; Christon J. Hurst



Medication-related barriers to entering HIV care.  


Early entry to HIV care and receipt of antiretroviral therapy improve the health of the individual and decrease the risk of transmission in the community. To increase the limited information on prospective decisions to enter care and how these decisions relate to beliefs about HIV medications, we analyzed interview data from the Never in Care Project, a multisite project conducted in Indiana, New Jersey, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington State. From March 2008 through August 2010, we completed structured interviews with 134 persons with no evidence of HIV care entry, 48 of whom also completed qualitative interviews. Many respondents believed that HIV care entails the passive receipt of medications that may be harmful or unnecessary, resulting in reluctance to enter care. Respondents voiced concerns about prescription practices and preserving future treatment options, mistrust of medications and medical care providers, and ambivalence about the life-preserving properties of medications in light of an assumed negative impact on quality of life. Our results support the provision of information on other benefits of care (beyond medications), elicitation of concerns about medications, and assessment of psychosocial barriers to entering care. These tasks should begin at the time a positive test result is delivered and continue throughout the linkage-to-care process; for persons unwilling to enter care immediately, support should be provided in nonmedical settings. PMID:22320266

Beer, Linda; Fagan, Jennifer L; Garland, Pamela; Valverde, Eduardo E; Bolden, Barbara; Brady, Kathleen A; Courogen, Maria; Hillman, Daniel; Neaigus, Alan; Bertolli, Jeanne



Micrometeorological techniques for measurement of enteric greenhouse gas emissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurement of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is a challenge to the animal industry as it is difficult to accurately measure enteric emissions from ruminants. Enclosed chambers and tracer-ratio techniques are common measurement approaches, but their use can alter animal diet, behavior and stress levels and soil emission processes. Non-interfering techniques which do not impact soil or air transport processes, or

L. A. Harper; O. T. Denmead; T. K. Flesch



Temporary feed restriction partially protects broilers from necrotic enteritis.  


The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of feed restriction on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chicks. To induce subclinical necrotic enteritis, an experimental challenge model using a specific diet formulation, Gumboro vaccination, oral inoculation of broilers with a 10-fold dose of attenuated anticoccidial vaccine and multiple oral inoculations with a specific strain of Clostridium perfringens was adopted. Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Cobb 500 broilers were randomly allocated to four groups: feed restricted, challenged, both feed restricted and challenged, and negative control. At 21, 22, 23 and 24 days of age, the intestines, gizzard and liver were collected from 15 birds in each group and scored for gross lesions. The intestinal digesta was collected for pH and viscosity determination. One caecum from each bird was taken for microbiological analysis. The application of feed restriction in birds challenged with C. perfringens reduced the necrotic enteritis lesion score significantly (P ? 0.05) and feed restriction significantly reduced (P ? 0.05) pH in the small intestine, the viscosity of the jejunum digesta as well as the C. perfringens counts in the caeca compared with the controls. In conclusion, feed restriction of broilers has a positive effect on the intestinal ecosystem and a significant protective effect against necrotic enteritis in the subclinical experimental model. PMID:24498863

Tsiouris, V; Georgopoulou, I; Batzios, Chr; Pappaioannou, N; Ducatelle, R; Fortomaris, P



Original article Enteric bacterial pathogen detection in southern sea otters  

E-print Network

and Game, Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center, 1451 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA, 95060 contact-associated illness and shellfish harvest restrictions [17, 19]. In some countries, identifying and protozoa enter the ocean, invertebrates can efficiently concentrate these potential pathogens through

Paris-Sud XI, Université de



Microsoft Academic Search

There is conflicting evidence as to whether Common Nighthawks (Chordeiles minor) can enter torpor. The purpose of this study was to determine if torpor is used by free-ranging individuals under natural conditions. Nighthawks were monitored from June until August 1990 near Okanagan Falls, British Columbia, using temperature sensitive radio- transmitters. Record-high precipitation in 1990 apparently stressed the birds energetically by



Class Entering 2012 University of Tennessee Health Science Center  

E-print Network

Complexity 3 (3-0) NSG 617 Target Population Diagnosis 4 (3-1) NSG 602 Gerontological Nursing 2 (2-0) TotalClass Entering 2012 University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Nursing - REVISED 2012 (2-0) NSG 630 Transition to Professional Nursing 3 (3-0) Total for Summer Term Year 1 6 (6-0) Fall 1

Cui, Yan


Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and enteral nutrition in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bulbar involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is often related to a worse prognosis on account of the higher risk of pulmonary aspiration and undernutrition due to dysphagia. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of enteral feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in a long-term follow-up of ALS patients. We report the results of PEG in

L. Mazzini; T. Corrà; M. Zaccala; G. Mora; M. Piano; M. Galante




Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey



The Family Characteristics of Youth Entering a Residential Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much is known about the mental health and behavioral functioning of youth who enter residential care programs, very little research has focused on examining the family characteristics of this population. Knowledge about family characteristics is important, however, as it can aid in tailoring programs to meet the needs of families who are…

Griffith, Annette K.; Ingram, Stephanie D.; Barth, Richard P.; Trout, Alexandra L.; Hurley, Kristin Duppong; Thompson, Ronald W.; Epstein, Michael H.



CYBERCHASE: The Interactive Math Adventure Series Enters Its Fifth Season  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CYBERCHASE, an interactive math-based adventure series for young viewers, is entering its fifth season on public broadcasting stations in the United States. This article explore season highlights and suggests benefits of using CYBERCHASE to supplement math lessons in school and at home.

Donlevy, Jim



Primary enteric drainage of the pancreas allograft revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Historically, primary enteric drainage (ED) of exocrine secretions in pancreas allografts was associated with a poor outcome, mostly as a result of infectious complications. On the other hand, bladder drainage (BD), which is presently used in the majority of institutions, is associated with substantial urologic morbidity. The aim of this study is to reassess the role of primary ED by

Viken Douzdjian; Prathivadi R Rajagopalan



Hemorrhagic enteritis in captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Hemorrhagic enteritis and hepatitis of suspected adenovirus etiology were the apparent cause of death of nine captive American kestrels. Cloacal hemorrhage was the only prominent gross lesion: disseminated hepatocellular necrosis, and intranuclear inclusion bodies were evident microscopically. Electron microscopy revealed numerous adenovirus-like particles associated with the hepatic lesions. Attempts to serologically identify the agent were unsuccessful.

Sileo, L.; Franson, J.C.; Graham, D.L.; Domermuth, C.H.; Rattner, B.A.; Pattee, O.H.




EPA Science Inventory

Indigenous enteric virus removal from raw wastewater was examined in facultative and partially aerated treatment lagoon systems at paired sites in the southwest, southeast, and north central regions of the U.S. The virus samples were concentrated from large wastewater volume usin...


Defining travel-associated cases of enteric fever.  


There is no internationally recognized case-definition for travel-associated enteric fever in non-endemic countries. This study describes the patterns of case reporting between 2007 and 2011 as travel-associated or not from the surveillance data in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (EWNI), before and after a change in the time component of the case-definition in January 2011. It examines in particular the role of a time frame based on the reported typical incubation period in defining a case of travel-associated enteric fever. The results showed no significant differences in the distribution of cases of enteric fever in regards to the interval between the onset and UK arrival in 2011 compared to 2007-2010 (p=0.98 for typhoid and paratyphoid A); the distribution for paratyphoid B was also similar in both time periods. During 2007-2010, 93% (1730/1853) of all of the cases were classified as travel-associated compared to 94% (448/477) in 2011. This difference was not statistically significant. Changing the time component of the definition of travel-associated enteric fever did not make a significant difference to the proportion of travel-associated cases reported by investigators. Our analysis suggests that time might be subordinate to other considerations when investigators classify a case as travel-associated. PMID:24602772

Freedman, Joanne; Lighton, Lorraine; Jones, Jane



Benefits Dept Entry Date: Entered By: QC By: QC Date  

E-print Network

Benefits Dept Use Only: Entry Date: Entered By: QC By: QC Date: 3514 ACCIDENTAL DEATH Work Phone This optional insurance allows employees to insure themselves and eligible family members it to this form.) Certification I wish to enroll in Accidental Death and Dismemberment Insurance through

Provancher, William


Plasma prostaglandin levels in radiation-induced enteritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased prostaglandin synthesis has been implicated as a causative factor in the production of radiation induced enteritis. Seventeen patients selected to begin pelvic irradiation for treatment of gynecological cancer had plasma Prostaglandin E, Prostaglandin F, and 13, 14 dihydro 15 keto PGF\\/sub 2..cap alpha..\\/ metabolite determined by radioimmunoassay, prior to initiation of radiotherapy, at weekly intervals during treatment and at

Samuel Lifshitz; John E. Savage; Kevin A. Taylor; Hamed H. Tewfik; Dianna E. Van Orden



IM BADMINTONIM Sports ~ Spring 2014 ENTER: March 31 April 3  

E-print Network

IM BADMINTONIM Sports ~ Spring 2014 ENTER: March 31 ­ April 3 IM Office, 101 IM Bldg (8am-4:30 pm commitment is approx. two hours. League winners will advance to a single elimination playoff to be held the following week. EQUIPMENT: Racquets and shuttles will be available with a PSU ID+CARD. RULES: Official

Yener, Aylin


Pollinators entering female dioecious figs: why commit suicide?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the dioecious fig\\/pollinator mutualism, the female wasps that pollinate figs on female trees die without reproducing, whereas wasps that pollinate figs on male trees produce offspring. Selection should strongly favour wasps that avoid female figs and enter only male figs. Consequently, fig trees would not be pollinated and fig seed production would ultimately cease, leading to extinction of both

Aviva Patel; Marie-Charlotte Anstett; Martine Hossaert-McKey; Finn Kjellberg



Class Entering 2012 University of Tennessee Health Science Center  

E-print Network

Class Entering 2012 University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Nursing - Revised 2012-1) NSG 506 Mental Health 3 (2-1) Total for Fall Term Year 1 17 (13-4) Spring NSG 601 Adult Health 7 (4-0 NSG 603 Health Assessment 3 (2-1) NSG 523 Medication Safety in Healthcare 1 (1-0) PHAR 699

Cui, Yan


Enteral Feeding of Neonates with Congenital Heart Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite their putative impact on post-operative outcomes, there is paucity of data on enteral feeding practices of neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD). Objectives: To examine feeding patterns among neonates with CHD before and after surgical repair and determine the incidence of and to identify risk factors associated with feeding-related morbidities. Methods: Retrospective data review of neonates with CHD

Girija Natarajan; Sreedhar Reddy Anne; Sanjeev Aggarwal



IM BOCCEIM Sports ~ Fall 2013 ENTER: Sept 3 -6  

E-print Network

is provided by IM Sports and is available from the IM equipment room for practice. RULES: IM Bocce RulesIM BOCCEIM Sports ~ Fall 2013 ENTER: Sept 3 - 6 at IM Office, 101 IM Bldg (8:00am - 4:30pm) Choose. Sept 10 (w/ equipment & instruction) LOCATION: All matches will be held on grass at the IM Park Ave

Maroncelli, Mark


Postia alni Niemel? & Vampola (Basidiomycota, Polyporales) - member of the problematic Postia caesia complex - has been found for the first time in Hungary  

PubMed Central

Abstract Due to their bluish basidiocarps the Postia caesia (syn. Oligoporus caesius) complex forms a distinctive morphological group within the polypore genus Postia Fr., 1874. Five species of this group occur in Europe: Postia alni Niemelä & Vampola, Postia caesia (Schrad.) P. Karst., Postia luteocaesia (A. David) Jülich, Postia mediterraneocaesia M. Pierre & B. Rivoire and Postia subcaesia (A. David) Jülich. In this study Postia alni is reported for the first time from Hungary. The dichotomous key of the species of the European Postia caesia complex was prepared as well. PMID:24855437



Students and Their Presenting Concerns at a Student Counselling Service at a South African University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a summary of the concerns and the demographic data collected from clients at the Student Counselling Service (SCS) at the University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa, during the period of March 2001 to April 2003. First-time presenting clients who are enrolled students, were asked to ill out an anonymous questionnaire, of…

Schreiber, B. M.



Attraction and Retention of Students at the University of Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasons that students enter or leave the University of Montana (UM) were studied in fall 1983. Consideration was given to first-term freshmen of traditional age, slightly older students (under age 25), transfer students, dropouts, and students who persisted at the university for 1 academic year. In study phase 1, attention was directed to…

Corak, Kitty


International Students' Experiences of Integrating into the Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the integration experiences of 16 international students entering the Canadian workforce using a semistructured interview and constant comparison method. The international students were pursuing immigration to Canada, despite unmet job prospects. Students recommended that employers refrain from discriminating against students…

Nunes, Sarah; Arthur, Nancy




Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptions held by agricultural science student teachers about their relationship with cooperating teachers during field experiences is a variable that may affect the number of student teachers entering the profession. The purpose of this study, which was part of a larger study, was to examine the effects implementing structured communication between student teachers and cooperating teachers would have on student

Don W. Edgar; T. Grady Roberts; Tim H. Murphy


College Students' Preinstructional Ideas about Stars and Star Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (Note 1) investigated the beliefs about stars that students hold when they enter an undergraduate introductory astronomy course for nonscience majors. Students' preinstructional ideas were investigated through the use of several student-supplied-response (SSR) surveys, which asked students to describe their ideas about topics such as…

Bailey, Janelle M.; Prather, Edward E.; Johnson, Bruce; Slater, Timothy F.



Enteric Infection with Citrobacter rodentium Induces Coagulative Liver Necrosis and Hepatic Inflammation Prior to Peak Infection and Colonic Disease  

PubMed Central

Acute and chronic forms of inflammation are known to affect liver responses and susceptibility to disease and injury. Furthermore, intestinal microbiota has been shown critical in mediating inflammatory host responses in various animal models. Using C. rodentium, a known enteric bacterial pathogen, we examined liver responses to gastrointestinal infection at various stages of disease pathogenesis. For the first time, to our knowledge, we show distinct liver pathology associated with enteric infection with C. rodentium in C57BL/6 mice, characterized by increased inflammation and hepatitis index scores as well as prominent periportal hepatocellular coagulative necrosis indicative of thrombotic ischemic injury in a subset of animals during the early course of C. rodentium pathogenesis. Histologic changes in the liver correlated with serum elevation of liver transaminases, systemic and liver resident cytokines, as well as signal transduction changes prior to peak bacterial colonization and colonic disease. C. rodentium infection in C57BL/6 mice provides a potentially useful model to study acute liver injury and inflammatory stress under conditions of gastrointestinal infection analogous to enteropathogenic E. coli infection in humans. PMID:22427959

Raczynski, Arkadiusz R.; Muthupalani, Sureshkumar; Schlieper, Katherine; Fox, James G.; Tannenbaum, Steven R.



Transition to life--a sendoff to the real world for graduating medical students.  


Graduating medical students will enter the workforce, often for the first time. Many have spent the past 20 years as students, receiving financial support from parents, and have not managed real-life issues such as financial planning, real estate, balancing well-being with employment, and integrating into a new community with stressful working conditions. To address a perceived need, we designed an intervention to introduce graduating medical students to financial planning, real estate choices, physician wellness during relocation/internship, and traits of efficient interns. The objectives of this study are to (a) assess baseline experience, knowledge, and comfort of seniors about "real-life" experiences, and (b) assess the efficacy of a 4-hr educational intervention on perceptions of understanding financial planning, real estate choices, intern preparedness, and physician wellness. Acute Care College seniors (classes of 2009 and 2010) attended the intervention after match day and completed a survey to gather demographic data and assess preexisting knowledge and a postintervention survey (1-7 Likert scale). Forty-nine students (45% male; M age = 25.5 years) participated. Prior experiences: 43% no break in education, 51% no full-time job, 38% never signed a rental lease and 94% had not purchased real estate, 90% did not have (or were not aware of having) disability insurance, and 82% had educational debt exceeding $50,000. Following the workshop, students felt more confident in their understanding of life skills topics (real estate, 83%; financial planning, 94%; well-being, 86%). Our workshop assisted in preparing for life after medical school for 98% of the participants. Graduating medical students can gain knowledge about real-life responsibilities and confidence during an educational session prior to starting residency. PMID:22250934

Coates, Wendy C; Spector, Tahlia S; Uijtdehaage, Sebastian



Chapter 2 Undergraduate Students: Admissions & Enrollment (4 Chapter 2 Undergraduate Students: Admissions & Enrollment  

E-print Network

and geographic origins. (Diversity data is found in Chapter 7.) Student interest in the University continues in every entering class contribute to the varied interests and characteristics of the student body, Fall 2003 and Fall 2013. 2.3.2 SAT Math and Critical Reading Scores for New Freshman students at U

Awtar, Shorya


The Impact of Anonymous and Assigned Use of Student Response Systems on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of two approaches to use of student response systems (SRSs) on achievement in a study designed to better understand effective use of the devices. One condition was anonymous use of SRSs, in which graduate students selected a random clicker when entering the classroom. The second condition assigned devices to students…

Poole, Dawn



Teacher behavior, student interest and affective learning: putting theory to practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students of Project Adapt (PA), an instructional program for at-risk middle school students in Brooklyn NY, have displayed startling improvement on cognitive outcome measures. Teacher given grades and standardized tests illuminate the progress students have made since entering the program. The current investigation attempts to analyze PA on students' affective responses in a pre\\/post-test experimental design. Upon entering PA, students

Keith Weber; Matthew Martin; Brian Patterson



Albany Student Newspaper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Historical student newspapers can be read with an eye towards examining the social mores of college students through the decades, and a close reading can reveal a great deal about the campus environment and overall milieu. The first student newspaper at the State University of New York at Albany (SUNY-Albany) was the State College News, and it carried news of student life and events, along with information on faculty activities and local doings. This digital archive from the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives at SUNY-Albany brings together issues of this paper from 1916 to 1985. Visitors to the site will note that they can download each issue separately, and read the issue at their leisure. It's an intriguing collection, and first-time visitors may want to look at some issues from the World War I years to learn how about this major world conflict affected life on campus.


Texas A&M Geosciences and the growing importance of transfer students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Texas A&M University at College Station is the flagship university for the Texas A&M System, and is a major destination for transfer students, both from inside and outside the A&M system. The College of Geosciences consists of four academic departments and organized research centers spanning geoscience disciplines of Geology & Geophysics, Geography, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences. Two additional interdisciplinary degree programs offer undergraduate degrees in Environmental Geosciences and Environmental Studies and graduate degrees in Water and Hydrological Sciences. The College has increased its undergraduate enrollment and graduation numbers substantially in recent years, growing from 105 Baccalaureate graduates in 2006-07 College-wide to 187 in 2010-11. This 80% growth over this time period has greatly outpaced the undergraduate degree completion growth rate of 10% for the University as a whole. While the College of Geosciences is still the smallest at A&M in terms of overall B.S. graduation rate, it is by far the fastest growing of the nine undergraduate degree-granting colleges over the last five years. A significant number of our incoming and graduating undergraduate students are transfers from primarily 2-year colleges, mostly concentrated in the southeastern portion of Texas. University-wide between 2006 and 2010, 23-25% of degree recipients entered as transfer students. In the College of Geosciences transfer students are an even more significant portion of our graduating students, making up 34-35% of graduates during the same period. Most of the recent undergraduate enrollment growth in the College, however, has come from an increase in first-time freshmen and not from an increase in transfer admissions. Recent efforts to reinvigorate transfer admissions have sharply reversed this trend. Current enrollment data shows that incoming transfer students this year once again more closely mirror historic graduation rates with 34% of our new students entering by transferring in. Beyond the numbers, there are other observations, concerns, and opportunities for partnerships between Texas A&M Geosciences and our surrounding community college students and programs. Through careful tracking of admitted transfer students, we have seen an unfortunate but consistent drop in GPAs among most transfers after arriving at Texas A&M. This results from gaps in preparation, mismatches in expectations, or curricular stumbling blocks. Recognition of this problem has provided an opportunity to spur efforts to help this incoming third of our student body reach their highest potential. Community college populations in our region also tend to be more diverse than first-time freshmen in general, and we are actively working to build stronger formal ties to community college feeder programs within the Houston metro area and other targeted regions within southeast Texas as part of our broader strategy to enhance diversity across our College. Seeing after the proper preparation and "onboarding" of this increasingly diverse and varied group of transfer students will be important for ensuring their success and the vitality of undergraduate programs in the geosciences as the entire university moves toward an increased emphasis on community college transfers.

Riggs, E. M.



Neurotrophin-3 in the development of the enteric nervous system.  


To date, the only neurotrophin that has been shown to influence the development of the enteric nervous system (ENS) is neurotrophin-3 (NT-3). NT-3 plays an essential role in the development of both the neural-crest-derived peripheral nervous system and the central nervous system (i.e., Chalazonitis, 1996, Mol. Neurobiol., 12: 39-53; Sieber-Blum, 1999, Neurotrophins and the Neural Crest, CRC Press, Boca Raton). This review integrates data obtained from our laboratory and from our collaboration with other investigators that demonstrate a late-acting role for NT-3 in the development of enteric neurons in vitro and in vivo. Studies of the biological actions of NT-3 on enteric neuronal precursors in vitro demonstrate that NT-3 acts directly on the precursor cells and that it also acts in combination with other neurotrophic factors such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and a ciliary neurotrophic factor-like molecule, to promote the survival and differentiation of enteric neurons and glia. Importantly, bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and BMP-4, members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, regulate the onset of action of NT-3 during fetal gut development. Analyzes performed on mice deficient in the genes encoding NT-3 or its transducing tyrosine kinase receptor, TrkC, and conversely on transgenic mice that overexpress NT-3 substantiate a physiological role for NT-3 in the development and maintenance of a subset of enteric neurons. There is loss of neurons in both the myenteric and submucosal plexuses of mice lacking NT-3/TrkC signaling and selective hyperplasia in the myenteric plexus of mice overexpressing NT-3. Analyzes performed on transgenic mice that overexpress noggin, a specific BMP-4 antagonist, show significant decreases in the density of TrkC-expressing neurons but significant increase in overall neuronal density of both plexuses. Conversely, overexpression of BMP-4 is sufficient to produce, an increase in the proportion of TrkC-expressing neurons in both plexuses. Overall, our data point to a regulatory role of BMP-4 in the responses of subsets of myenteric and submucosal neurons to NT-3. NT-3 is required for the differentiation, maintenance and proper physiological function of late-developing enteric neurons that are important for the control of gut peristalsis. PMID:14699968

Chalazonitis, Alcmène



76 FR 2754 - Agency Information Collection (Pay Now Enter Info Page) Activity Under OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2900-0663] Agency Information Collection (Pay Now Enter Info Page) Activity Under OMB Review...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Pay Now Enter Info Page. OMB Control Number: 2900-0663...make online payments through VA's Pay Now Enter Info Page website. Data enter...



Canadian Intermediate and Senior Mathematics Contests Offered for the first time in 2011, these two contests are designed to give high school and  

E-print Network

contests are designed to give high school and motivated younger students the opportunity to have fun to teachers from Ontario. The conference for computer studies teachers is aimed at all high school computer. The audience for the Canadian Senior Mathematics Contest (CSMC) is senior secondary school and CÃ?GEP students

Le Roy, Robert J.


Scheme for Entering Binary Data Into a Quantum Computer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A quantum algorithm provides for the encoding of an exponentially large number of classical data bits by use of a smaller (polynomially large) number of quantum bits (qubits). The development of this algorithm was prompted by the need, heretofore not satisfied, for a means of entering real-world binary data into a quantum computer. The data format provided by this algorithm is suitable for subsequent ultrafast quantum processing of the entered data. Potential applications lie in disciplines (e.g., genomics) in which one needs to search for matches between parts of very long sequences of data. For example, the algorithm could be used to encode the N-bit-long human genome in only log2N qubits. The resulting log2N-qubit state could then be used for subsequent quantum data processing - for example, to perform rapid comparisons of sequences.

Williams, Colin



A primary arterio enteric fistula with Takayasu arteritis.  


Arterio enteric fistulas (AEFs) are rare. We herein report a case of a primary arterio enteric fistula of the rectum associated with Takayasu arteritis. A 77-year-old woman presented with acute massive hematochezia and was taken to our hospital. Colonoscopy revealed pulsatile extrinsic rectal wall compression with an exposed blood vessel. Transvaginal ultrasonography and Doppler ultrasound revealed a localized vascular growth laying on the dorsal surface of the uterus that showed an arterial blood-flow signal. We diagnosed the patient to have a pelvic aneurism that had formed a fistula within the rectal wall. We eliminated the aneurysm by ligating the drainage and feeder arteries. Following surgery, the patient did not experience any relapses of hematochezia. PMID:23370745

Minemura, Shoko; Matsumura, Tomoaki; Arai, Makoto; Oyamada, Arata; Saito, Keiko; Sazuka, Sayuri; Tsuboi, Masaru; Maruoka, Daisuke; Tanaka, Takeshi; Nakagawa, Tomoo; Katsuno, Tatsuro; Ishida, Keiichi; Matsumiya, Goro; Yokosuka, Osamu



Survey of foreign graduate students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the 1983 American Institute of Physics (AIP) Graduate Student Survey, the issue of foreign versus national students in U.S. graduate programs was explored. In the past decade, the number of entering graduate students from foreign nations in American universities has risen from about 600 to about 1100, an increase from 23% in 1973 to 40% in 1983 of all entering physics graduate students in the United States. There are more than 10,000 graduate students in physics in the United StatesThe benefits, or lack thereof, of having foreign graduate students raises a number of philosophical points. Like all students, foreign students learn from academic programs; but at high competitive levels, they contribute as well. The essence of growth in any academic program is described by the creativity supplied by ever incoming students. In an academically competitive system the question of foreign students displacing U.S. students in graduate programs has no definition. On the other hand, what about the graduate job market after graduation? Some would point to the return of foreign graduates to their homeland as an example of U.S. education efforts not benefitting U.S. society, at least directly. Others worry about foreign graduates flooding the U.S. job market.

Bell, Peter M.


Prevalence of Cryptosporidium in children with enteritis in Southern Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cryptosporidium parvum is a protozoan which causes self-limiting diarrhea in immunocompetent subjects, and severe life-threatening disease in immunocompromised patients. Cryptosporidiosis is more common in developing countries and in infants. In this paper we have evaluated the prevalence of C. parvum in 368 hospitalized children with enteritis, of whom 359 were immunocompetent and 9 HIV-infected. Stool specimens were concentrated by sedimentation

O. Brandonisio; A. Marangi; M. A. Panaro; R. Marzio; M. I. Natalicchio; P. Zizzadoro; U. Santis



Enteric infections due to Campylobacter, Yersinia, Salmonella, and Shigella*  

PubMed Central

This report reviews the available information on the clinical features, pathogenesis, bacteriology, and epidemiology of Campylobacter jejuni and Yersinia enterocolitica, both of which have recently been recognized as important causes of enteric infection. In the fields of salmonellosis and shigellosis, important new epidemiological and related findings that have implications for the control of these infections are described. Priority research activities in each of these areas are outlined. PMID:6969131



Factors affecting the pharmacokinetics of parenteral chloramphenicol in enteric fever  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chloramphenicol pharmacokinetics were studied in 29 Nepalese adults diagnosed with uncomplicated enteric fever and randomized to receive succinate ester 30 mg\\/kg iv or im. Serial plasma concentrations of chloramphenic ol, and iothalamate (to estimate glomerular filtration rate), antipyrine (hepatocellular function) and Indocyanine Green (liver blood flow) were measured by HPLC and kinetic parameters estimated by non-compartmental analysis. In culture-positive patients

G. P. Acharya; T. M. E. Davis; M. Ho; S. Harris; C. Chataut; S. Acharya; N. Tuhladar; K. E. Kafle; B. Pokhrel; F. Nosten; D. A. B. Dance; A. Smith; A. Weber; N. J. White



Shanghai fever: a distinct Pseudomonas aeruginosa enteric disease  

PubMed Central

Background Shanghai fever, a community-acquired enteric illness associated with sepsis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, was first described in 1918. The understanding of Shanghai fever is incomplete. Objective To delineate the clinical features and to examine the host and microbial factors associated with Shanghai fever. Methods We prospectively enrolled 27 consecutive previously healthy children with community-acquired P aeruginosa enteritis and sepsis between July 2003 and June 2012. An immunological investigation, including measurement of serum immunoglobulin levels and lymphocyte subpopulations, was performed. The clonal relationship of bacterial isolates was determined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and the virulence of isolates was measured using cellular and animal models. Results The median age of the patients was 7?months; 24 (89%) were aged <1?year. The most common clinical manifestations were fever (100%), diarrhoea (96%) and shock (81%). Leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, high C-reactive protein levels, coagulopathy and hypoalbuminaemia were the key laboratory findings. Necrotising enteritis with or without bowel perforation, ecthyma gangrenosum and seizures were main complications. The death rate was 15%. No common primary immune deficiency was identified. MLST genotypes indicated that isolates from Shanghai fever were non-clonal, but they shared similar phenotypes which were invariably cytotoxic, invasive and adhesive in cellular experiments and caused prolonged gut colonisation and more death than respiratory and laboratory control strains in mice. Conclusions Shanghai fever is a sporadic community-acquired disease of previously healthy infants that manifests as sepsis associated with P aeruginosa enteric disease. Both host and microbial factors play a role in pathogenesis. PMID:23943780

Chuang, Chih-Hsien; Wang, Yi-Hsin; Chang, Hsin-Ju; Chen, Hsiu-Ling; Huang, Yhu-Chering; Lin, Tzou-Yien; Ozer, Egon A; Allen, Jonathan P; Hauser, Alan R; Chiu, Cheng-Hsun



47. View of "dry air inlets" to waveguides entering scanner ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

47. View of "dry air inlets" to waveguides entering scanner building 105. Dried air is generated under pressure by Ingersoll-Rand dehumidified/dessicator and compressor system. View is at entrance from passageway that links into corner of scanner building. - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK


Harmful plant species entering New Zealand 1963–1967  

Microsoft Academic Search

Potentially harmful plant species, mainly as seed, are continually entering New Zealand from many parts of the world. During 1963–67 over 1,500 items of botanical interest have been intercepted by the Department of Agriculture§ Port Agriculture Inspection Service and identified to specific or generic level at the Levin Horticultural Laboratory.Of significant interest were 116 interceptions which included propagules of 65

Richard H. Powell



Bladder Rupture following Conversion to Enteric Drainage after Pancreatic Transplantation  

PubMed Central

Complications associated with bladder-drained pancreatic transplant are not uncommon and include urinary tract infections and reflux pancreatitis. Bladder rupture with peritoneal leak is a rare complication after pancreatic transplantation and can present as an acute abdomen with rapidly deteriorating renal function. We describe the first case of a urine leak into the peritoneal cavity occurring after conversion from bladder to enteric drainage. A high index of suspicion is required to diagnose such a complication. PMID:23197947

Srivastava, Vikas; Passaris, George; Juneja, Rajiv; Siddins, Mark; Barbara, Jeffrey A.J.



Emergency Endovascular 'Bridge' Treatment for Iliac-Enteric Fistula  

SciTech Connect

Aortic aneurysm has been reported to be the dominant cause of primary iliac-enteric fistula (IEF) in >70% of cases [1]; other less common causes of primary IEF include peptic ulcer, primary aortitis, pancreatic pseudocyst, or neoplastic erosion into an adjacent artery [2, 3]. We describe an unusual case of IEF managed with a staged approach using an endovascular stent-graft as a 'bridge' in the emergency setting to optimize the next elective definitive excision of the lesion.

Franchin, Marco [Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria, Department of Surgical Sciences, General Surgery 1, School of Medicine (Italy); Tozzi, Matteo; Piffaretti, Gabriele, E-mail: [Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery, School of Medicine (Italy); Carrafiello, Gianpaolo [Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria, Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology, School of Medicine (Italy); Castelli, Patrizio [Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery, School of Medicine (Italy)



Effects of HIV-1 Tat on Enteric Neuropathogenesis.  


The gastrointestinal (GI) tract presents a major site of immune modulation by HIV, resulting in significant morbidity. Most GI processes affected during HIV infection are regulated by the enteric nervous system. HIV has been identified in GI histologic specimens in up to 40% of patients, and the presence of viral proteins, including the trans-activator of transcription (Tat), has been reported in the gut indicating that HIV itself may be an indirect gut pathogen. Little is known of how Tat affects the enteric nervous system. Here we investigated the effects of the Tat protein on enteric neuronal excitability, proinflammatory cytokine release, and its overall effect on GI motility. Direct application of Tat (100 nm) increased the number of action potentials and reduced the threshold for action potential initiation in isolated myenteric neurons. This effect persisted in neurons pretreated with Tat for 3 d (19 of 20) and in neurons isolated from Tat(+) (Tat-expressing) transgenic mice. Tat increased sodium channel isoforms Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 levels. This increase was accompanied by an increase in sodium current density and a leftward shift in the sodium channel activation voltage. RANTES, IL-6, and IL-1?, but not TNF-?, were enhanced by Tat. Intestinal transit and cecal water content were also significantly higher in Tat(+) transgenic mice than Tat(-) littermates (controls). Together, these findings show that Tat has a direct and persistent effect on enteric neuronal excitability, and together with its effect on proinflammatory cytokines, regulates gut motility, thereby contributing to GI dysmotilities reported in HIV patients. PMID:25339738

Ngwainmbi, Joy; De, Dipanjana D; Smith, Tricia H; El-Hage, Nazira; Fitting, Sylvia; Kang, Minho; Dewey, William L; Hauser, Kurt F; Akbarali, Hamid I



Enteric Protozoa in the Developed World: a Public Health Perspective  

PubMed Central

Summary: Several enteric protozoa cause severe morbidity and mortality in both humans and animals worldwide. In developed settings, enteric protozoa are often ignored as a cause of diarrheal illness due to better hygiene conditions, and as such, very little effort is used toward laboratory diagnosis. Although these protozoa contribute to the high burden of infectious diseases, estimates of their true prevalence are sometimes affected by the lack of sensitive diagnostic techniques to detect them in clinical and environmental specimens. Despite recent advances in the epidemiology, molecular biology, and treatment of protozoan illnesses, gaps in knowledge still exist, requiring further research. There is evidence that climate-related changes will contribute to their burden due to displacement of ecosystems and human and animal populations, increases in atmospheric temperature, flooding and other environmental conditions suitable for transmission, and the need for the reuse of alternative water sources to meet growing population needs. This review discusses the common enteric protozoa from a public health perspective, highlighting their epidemiology, modes of transmission, prevention, and control. It also discusses the potential impact of climate changes on their epidemiology and the issues surrounding waterborne transmission and suggests a multidisciplinary approach to their prevention and control. PMID:22763633

Fletcher, Stephanie M.; Stark, Damien; Harkness, John



Gut motor function: immunological control in enteric infection and inflammation.  


Alteration in gastrointestinal (GI) motility occurs in a variety of clinical settings which include acute enteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal pseudo-obstruction and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Most disorders affecting the GI tract arise as a result of noxious stimulation from the lumen via either microbes or chemicals. However, it is not clear how injurious processes initiated in the mucosa alter function in the deeper motor apparatus of the gut wall. Activation of immune cells may lead to changes in motor-sensory function in the gut resulting in the development of an efficient defence force which assists in the eviction of the noxious agent from the intestinal lumen. This review addresses the interface between immune and motor system in the context of host resistance based on the studies in murine model of enteric nematode parasite infection. These studies clearly demonstrate that the infection-induced T helper 2 type immune response is critical in producing the alterations of infection-induced intestinal muscle function in this infection and that this immune-mediated alteration in muscle function is associated with host defence mechanisms. In addition, by manipulating the host immune response, it is possible to modulate the accompanying muscle function, and this may have clinical relevance. These observations not only provide valuable information on the immunological control of gut motor function and its role in host defence in enteric infection, but also provide a basis for understanding pathophysiology of gastrointestinal motility disorders such as in IBS. PMID:16487236

Khan, W I; Collins, S M



Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training (get Smart): a Model for Preparing Girls in Science and Engineering Disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, it is postulated that the development of a successful training program for women in science, math, engineering, and technology (SMET) disciplines is dependent upon a combination of several factors, including (a) career orientation: commitment to SMET as a career, reasons for pursuing SMET as a career, and opportunity to pursue a SMET career; (b) knowledge of SMET: SMET courses completed, SMET achievement, and hands-on SMET activities; (c) academic and social support: diversity initiatives, role models, cooperative learning, and peer counseling; and (d) self-concept: program emphasis on competence and peer competition. The proposed model is based on the GET SMART (Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training) workshop program to prepare and develop female high school students as competitive future SMET professionals. The proposed model is not intended to serve as an elaborate theory, but as a general guide in training females entering SMET disciplines.

Mawasha, P. Ruby; Lam, Paul C.; Vesalo, John; Leitch, Ronda; Rice, Stacey


Age-related gene expression analysis in enteric ganglia of human colon after laser microdissection  

PubMed Central

The enteric nervous system (ENS) poses the intrinsic innervation of the gastrointestinal tract and plays a critical role for all stages of postnatal life. There is increasing scientific and clinical interest in acquired or age-related gastrointestinal dysfunctions that can be manifested in diseases such as gut constipation or fecal incontinence. In this study, we sought to analyze age-dependent changes in the gene expression profile of the human ENS, particularly in the myenteric plexus. Therefore, we used the laser microdissection technique which has been proven as a feasible tool to analyze distinct cell populations within heterogeneously composed tissues. Full biopsy gut samples were prepared from children (4–12 months), middle aged (48–58 years) and aged donors (70–95 years). Cryosections were histologically stained with H&E, the ganglia of the myenteric plexus identified and RNA isolated using laser microdissection technique. Quantitative PCR was performed for selected neural genes, neurotransmitters and receptors. Data were confirmed on protein level using NADPH-diaphorase staining and immunohistochemistry. As result, we demonstrate age-associated alterations in site-specific gene expression pattern of the ENS. Thus, in the adult and aged distal parts of the colon a marked decrease in relative gene expression of neural key genes like NGFR, RET, NOS1 and a concurrent increase of CHAT were observed. Further, we detected notable regional differences of RET, CHAT, TH, and S100B comparing gene expression in aged proximal and distal colon. Interestingly, markers indicating cellular senescence or oxidative stress (SNCA, CASP3, CAT, SOD2, and TERT) were largely unchanged within the ENS. For the first time, our study also describes the age-dependent expression pattern of all major sodium channels within the ENS. Our results are in line with previous studies showing spatio-temporal differences within the mammalian ENS.

Hetz, Susan; Acikgoez, Ali; Moll, Corinna; Jahnke, Heinz-Georg; Robitzki, Andrea A.; Metzger, Roman; Metzger, Marco



Beyond Bacteria: A Study of the Enteric Microbial Consortium in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants  

PubMed Central

Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants have high morbidity and mortality, frequently due to invasive infections from bacteria, fungi, and viruses. The microbial communities present in the gastrointestinal tracts of preterm infants may serve as a reservoir for invasive organisms and remain poorly characterized. We used deep pyrosequencing to examine the gut-associated microbiome of 11 ELBW infants in the first postnatal month, with a first time determination of the eukaryote microbiota such as fungi and nematodes, including bacteria and viruses that have not been previously described. Among the fungi observed, Candida sp. and Clavispora sp. dominated the sequences, but a range of environmental molds were also observed. Surprisingly, seventy-one percent of the infant fecal samples tested contained ribosomal sequences corresponding to the parasitic organism Trichinella. Ribosomal DNA sequences for the roundworm symbiont Xenorhabdus accompanied these sequences in the infant with the greatest proportion of Trichinella sequences. When examining ribosomal DNA sequences in aggregate, Enterobacteriales, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, and Enterococcus were the most abundant bacterial taxa in a low diversity bacterial community (mean Shannon-Weaver Index of 1.02±0.69), with relatively little change within individual infants through time. To supplement the ribosomal sequence data, shotgun sequencing was performed on DNA from multiple displacement amplification (MDA) of total fecal genomic DNA from two infants. In addition to the organisms mentioned previously, the metagenome also revealed sequences for gram positive and gram negative bacteriophages, as well as human adenovirus C. Together, these data reveal surprising eukaryotic and viral microbial diversity in ELBW enteric microbiota dominated bytypes of bacteria known to cause invasive disease in these infants. PMID:22174751

Cotton, Charles Michael; Goldberg, Ronald N.; Wynn, James L.; Jackson, Robert B.; Seed, Patrick C.



Statement on Competencies in Mathematics Expected of Entering Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended for everyone in California concerned about how well students are prepared for college. It describes the competencies in mathematics necessary for success in college and university work. This statement discusses the following: (1) an emphasis on encouraging students to experience the beauty and fascination of mathematics; (2)…

California State Univ., Sacramento. Academic Senate.


Enteric nervous system specific deletion of Foxd3 disrupts glial cell differentiation and activates compensatory enteric progenitors  

PubMed Central

The enteric nervous system (ENS) arises from the coordinated migration, expansion and differentiation of vagal and sacral neural crest progenitor cells. During development, vagal neural crest cells enter the foregut and migrate in a rostro-to-caudal direction, colonizing the entire gastrointestinal tract and generating the majority of the ENS. Sacral neural crest contributes to a subset of enteric ganglia in the hindgut, colonizing the colon in a caudal-to-rostral wave. During this process, enteric neural crest-derived progenitors (ENPs) self-renew and begin expressing markers of neural and glial lineages as they populate the intestine. Our earlier work demonstrated that the transcription factor Foxd3 is required early in neural crest-derived progenitors for self-renewal, multipotency and establishment of multiple neural crest-derived cells and structures including the ENS. Here, we describe Foxd3 expression within the fetal and postnatal intestine: Foxd3 was strongly expressed in ENPs as they colonize the gastrointestinal tract and was progressively restricted to enteric glial cells. Using a novel Ednrb-iCre transgene to delete Foxd3 after vagal neural crest cells migrate into the midgut, we demonstrated a late temporal requirement for Foxd3 during ENS development. Lineage labeling of Ednrb-iCre expressing cells in Foxd3 mutant embryos revealed a reduction of ENPs throughout the gut and loss of Ednrb-iCre lineage cells in the distal colon. Although mutant mice were viable, defects in patterning and distribution of ENPs were associated with reduced proliferation and severe reduction of glial cells derived from the Ednrb-iCre lineage. Analyses of ENS-lineage and differentiation in mutant embryos suggested activation of a compensatory population of Foxd3-positive ENPs that did not express the Ednrb-iCre transgene. Our findings highlight the crucial roles played by Foxd3 during ENS development including progenitor proliferation, neural patterning, and glial differentiation and may help delineate distinct molecular programs controlling vagal versus sacral neural crest development. PMID:22266424

Mundell, Nathan A.; Plank, Jennifer L.; LeGrone, Alison W.; Frist, Audrey Y.; Zhu, Lei; Shin, Myung K.; Southard-Smith, E. Michelle; Labosky, Patricia A.



Student Affairs DECKER STUDENT  

E-print Network

College Health), where students deliver wellness messages through short, focused conversations with fellow, nutrition, stress management, and more Health education services are available to all registered studentsStudent Affairs DECKER STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES CENTER HEALTH.BINGHAMTON.EDU The Decker Student

Suzuki, Masatsugu


Selected Admissions, Enrollment and Retention Statistics Western Massachusetts Community College Transfer Students  

E-print Network

Selected Admissions, Enrollment and Retention Statistics Western Massachusetts Community College Transfer Students Berkshire Community College Greenfield Community College Holyoke Community .................................................... 1 Figure 2: Entering Students by School/College of Major

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of


Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Foundation Scholarship Application STUDENT CRITERIA  

E-print Network

____________________________ HIGH SCHOOL CLASS RANKING ________ GPA _________ UNIVERSITY GPA: ________________ TEST SCORES ACTFreeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold Foundation Scholarship Application STUDENT CRITERIA Academic with preference given to students entering their junior or senior year and studying Mining Engineering

Ward, Karen


Enteric neuroplasticity in seawater-adapted European eel (Anguilla anguilla).  


European eels live most of their lives in freshwater until spawning migration to the Sargasso Sea. During seawater adaptation, eels modify their physiology, and their digestive system adapts to the new environment, drinking salt water to compensate for the continuous water loss. In that period, eels stop feeding until spawning. Thus, the eel represents a unique model to understand the adaptive changes of the enteric nervous system (ENS) to modified salinity and starvation. To this purpose, we assessed and compared the enteric neuronal density in the cranial portion of the intestine of freshwater eels (control), lagoon eels captured in brackish water before their migration to the Sargasso Sea (T0), and starved seawater eels hormonally induced to sexual maturity (T18; 18 weeks of starvation and treatment with standardized carp pituitary extract). Furthermore, we analyzed the modification of intestinal neuronal density of hormonally untreated eels during prolonged starvation (10 weeks) in seawater and freshwater. The density of myenteric (MP) and submucosal plexus (SMP) HuC/D-immunoreactive (Hu-IR) neurons was assessed in wholemount preparations and cryosections. The number of MP and SMP HuC/D-IR neurons progressively increased from the freshwater to the salty water habitat (control > T0 > T18; P < 0.05). Compared with freshwater eels, the number of MP and SMP HuC/D-IR neurons significantly increased (P < 0.05) in the intestine of starved untreated salt water eels. In conclusion, high salinity evokes enteric neuroplasticity as indicated by the increasing number of HuC/D-IR MP and SMP neurons, a mechanism likely contributing to maintaining the body homeostasis of this fish in extreme conditions. PMID:24433383

Sorteni, C; Clavenzani, P; De Giorgio, R; Portnoy, O; Sirri, R; Mordenti, O; Di Biase, A; Parmeggiani, A; Menconi, V; Chiocchetti, R



Identification and Characterization of the fis Operon in Enteric Bacteria  

PubMed Central

The small DNA binding protein Fis is involved in several different biological processes in Escherichia coli. It has been shown to stimulate DNA inversion reactions mediated by the Hin family of recombinases, stimulate integration and excision of phage ? genome, regulate the transcription of several different genes including those of stable RNA operons, and regulate the initiation of DNA replication at oriC. fis has also been isolated from Salmonella typhimurium, and the genomic sequence of Haemophilus influenzae reveals its presence in this bacteria. This work extends the characterization of fis to other organisms. Very similar fis operon structures were identified in the enteric bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae, Serratia marcescens, Erwinia carotovora, and Proteus vulgaris but not in several nonenteric bacteria. We found that the deduced amino acid sequences for Fis are 100% identical in K. pneumoniae, S. marcescens, E. coli, and S. typhimurium and 96 to 98% identical when E. carotovora and P. vulgaris Fis are considered. The deduced amino acid sequence for H. influenzae Fis is about 80% identical and 90% similar to Fis in enteric bacteria. However, in spite of these similarities, the E. carotovora, P. vulgaris, and H. influenzae Fis proteins are not functionally identical. An open reading frame (ORF1) preceding fis in E. coli is also found in all these bacteria, and their deduced amino acid sequences are also very similar. The sequence preceding ORF1 in the enteric bacteria showed a very strong similarity to the E. coli fis P region from ?53 to +27 and the region around ?116 containing an ihf binding site. Both ?-galactosidase assays and primer extension assays showed that these regions function as promoters in vivo and are subject to growth phase-dependent regulation. However, their promoter strengths vary, as do their responses to Fis autoregulation and integration host factor stimulation. PMID:9811652

Beach, Michael B.; Osuna, Robert



Medical Students' Orientation Toward the Chronically Ill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite evidence of increased interest among medical students in entering family practice, concern for the needs of the chronically ill and aged still seems to be largely absent in medical schools and students have negative attitudes toward them. Restructuring of medical education is necessary to promote more concern. (LBH)

Kutner, Nancy G.



Changing the Minds of New College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the unprecedented expansion of access to higher education internationally, today’s students enter university with a broader range of expectations, motivations and support networks than their predecessors. One of the primary determinants of student success is their ability to assimilate into the academic culture, which includes aligning their expectations and motivations closely with the prevalent norms of the academic community.

Victor M. H. Borden; Scott E. Evenbeck



Creating a Faculty Culture of Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sophia Graff, a beginning algebra teacher at Valencia College in Orlando, had an idea. The state of Florida had instituted a mandatory competency test that students needed to pass to enter intermediate algebra, but only a third of her students were succeeding. As part of an action-research project that was required for all professors seeking…

Aspen Institute, 2013



Introducing the Action Potential to Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For this simple active learning technique for teaching, students are assigned "roles" and act out the process of the action potential (AP), including the firing threshold, ion-specific channels for ions to enter and leave the cell, diffusion, and the refractory period. Pre-post test results indicated that students demonstrated increased…

Simon-Dack, Stephanie L.



Changing the Minds of New College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the unprecedented expansion of access to higher education internationally, today's students enter university with a broader range of expectations, motivations and support networks than their predecessors. One of the primary determinants of student success is their ability to assimilate into the academic culture, which includes aligning their…

Borden, Victor M. H.; Evenbeck, Scott E.



Student Characteristics Report, 1976-77.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The combined total of 3,861 entering students during fall 1976 and spring l977 at Essex County College, New Jersey, were given the Comparative Guidance and Placement Test battery. This test and enrollment files provided the following student characteristics data: enrollment was 75% black, approximately 60% female, 64% high school graduates, about…

McMillan, Robert L.


Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Student Handbook and  

E-print Network

1 Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Student Handbook and Curriculum Requirements Curriculum Electrical Engineering (BSEE) degree. This booklet supplements information in the UW-Madison Undergraduate Engineering Effective for Students Entering EE Fall 2012 and Later #12;3 CONTENTS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Wisconsin at Madison, University of


Psychological Characteristics of Medical Students and Residents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 116 medical students entering the University of Texas Medical School at San Antonio in 1975 were given the Jackson Personality Research Form (PRF) during their medical school orientation period. Mean scores are shown and differences between student group and resident group are noted. (LBH)

Burstein, Alvin G.; And Others



Student Loans: What Do We Want?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A college financial aid administrator argues that good student loan programs are being discontinued because of politics and territoriality, and calls on the banking industry to enter into a more productive partnership with higher education, families, and associations to solve some of the problems of student loan financing and develop good public…

Frishberg, Ellen



Characteristics of New Students. Research Report #1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents and analyzes data gathered as one part of a multi-phase, multi-method, comprehensive study of several aspects of the House Plan as it exists at Cypress College. All day (458) and evening (128) students, entering February 1976 and registered for six units or more, were surveyed. The survey instrument tested students' general…

Davidson, Judy


Student Immunization Requirements The State of Illinois code, Reference: (110 ILCS 20) College Student Immunization Act, requires students to provide proof of  

E-print Network

, Rubella (German Measles), and Tetanus/ Diphtheria. To help in meeting this requirement, entering students for Rubella. Titers are required for proof of immunity in those who have a history of disease. · TETANUS: All students must show proof of vaccination for Tetanus and Diphtheria within the past ten years. For students

He, Chuan


Blended food for enteral feeding via a gastrostomy.  


A blended diet for enteral nutrition is defined as home-made everyday food blended to a smooth 'single cream' consistency. At present, blended food is not recommended as a first choice. However, the wishes of parents who prefer to use blended food for their child need to be respected, and hospice policy for Children's Hospice South West is to replicate home conditions as far as possible. Therefore guidelines have been created for use of a blended diet. However, benefits in physical and emotional health need to be balanced against risks of tube blockage, contamination and digestive upsets. PMID:25369102

Brown, Suzanne



Enteric Immunization of Mice Against Influenza with Recombinant Vaccinia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intrajejunal administration to mice of a recombinant vaccinia virus containing the influenza virus hemagglutinin gene induced IgA antibody in nasal, gut, and vaginal secretions. It also induced IgG antibody in serum and cell-mediated immunity. The immunization provided significant protection against an influenza virus challenge. This work suggests that enteric-coated recombinant vaccinia could be an orally administered, inexpensive, multivalent, temperature-stable, safe, and effective vaccine for children that could be particularly useful in developing nations, where multiple injections are not easily administered. Oral administration of vaccines should also reduce children's fear of shots at the doctor's office.

Meitin, Catherine A.; Bender, Bradley S.; Small, Parker A., Jr.



Prophylactic Effect of Dietary Seaweed Fucoidan against Enteral Prion Infection?  

PubMed Central

Dietary seaweed fucoidan delays the onset of disease of enterally infected mice with scrapie when given orally for 6 days after infection, but not when given before the infection. This effect was not modified at a tested fucoidan dose range and appeared to reach the maximum level at a concentration of 2.5% or less in feed. Daily uptake of fucoidan might be prophylactic against prion diseases caused by ingestion of prion-contaminated materials, although further evaluation of its pharmacology remains to be done. PMID:17438058

Doh-ura, Katsumi; Kuge, Tomoko; Uomoto, Miyuki; Nishizawa, Keiko; Kawasaki, Yuri; Iha, Masahiko



Engineering Communication: Student Reading Assignment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handout, from Justin Foss at the Engineering Technology Pathways project, introduces students to the "four relationships to Engineering Communication to become successful." Those steps are: Mathematical Expression, Communication Skills, 2-Dimensional Drafting and Sketching, and 3-Dimensional Modeling. Each step is elaborated with examples, and the reading is followed by a list of sources for more information. This is an excellent introductory lecture or reading for students just entering the engineering design classroom.

Foss, Justin



Community College Student First Year Fall to Fall Persistence: Experiences of Successful First-Time-In-College Hispanics at a Predominately Hispanic Student Community College in the South Texas/Mexico Border Region  

E-print Network

Texas/Mexico Border Region, 2) the expertise/knowledge required to successfully overcome these barriers during the first year (fall to fall) in college, and 3) based on these findings, offer suggestions and recommendations for addressing the barriers...

Canales, Luzelma



Mechanical Engineering New Student Orientation  

E-print Network

Over Safety #12;Refreshable Braille Display for the blind. Pins are raised by electroactive polymer car Katie Briggs (ME) works with a bomb disposal robot Matt Barnes (ME) started his own company to market his electric bicycle #12;15 Advisor · All entering students have been assigned ­ eLion · Advise


A Comparative Study of Student Performance at the Freshman and Transfer Levels Between Students Attending Santa Ana College and Thirty-Two Other California Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the patterns of academic performance and withdrawal rate of first-time freshmen students at Santa Ana College (SAC) in the Fall 1972 semester and compares them to patterns found for the same kind of students at 32 other California community colleges during the same semester. Results indicate that SAC students had lower GPA's…

Lee, Clarence A.; West, John R.


Scintiscanning in the evaluation of biliary enteric anastomoses  

SciTech Connect

The evaluation of symptomatic patients who have undergone biliary enteric anastomoses, particularly when the diversion was into the jejunum, is difficult. Conventional techniques for evaluation, such as oral cholecystography (OCG), intravenous cholangiography (IVC), ultrasonography (US), computer-assisted tomography scanning (CT scanning), or endoscopy are not adequate to provide definitive information on the patency of the anastomoses. Hepatobiliary scintiscanning using /sup 99m/Tc-HIDA and BIDA (iminodiacetic acid derivatives) was performed on 12 patients. The patients were from 11 to 72 years of age and included ten men and two women. The scan results were correlated with US, CT scan, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC), operative findings, and final diagnosis. Scanning was highly accurate in this group and could be performed successfully even in jaundiced patients (total serum bilirubin level up to 20.0 mg/dl). In patients in whom dilated bile ducts were demonstrated (by US, CT scan, or scintiscan), only the scintiscan revealed the true patency of the anastomoses. The advantages of the technique are that it is simple and noninvasive. Delayed transit of bile (scanning agent) to bowel is a very reliable indication of partial or complete obstruction. Scintiscanning is the only technique that demonstrated the functional state of biliary secretion and excretion into bowel in patients with previous biliary enteric anastomoses.

Tidmore, H.; Ram, M.D.