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1

A Cohort Analysis of the Relationship between Entering Basic Skills and CLAST Performance for Fall 1981 First-Time-In-College Students. Research Report No. 84-22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at a Miami-Dade Community College (MDCC) to determine the relationship between students' level of basic skills at entry and their pass/fail performance on the College-Level Academic Skills Test (CLAST). Specifically, the study focused on students' Comparative Guidance and Placement Test (CGP) scores in reading, writing, and…

Belcher, Marcia

2

Placement Decisions for First-Time-in-College Students Using the Computerized Placement Test. Information Capsule.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information capsule explores the effectiveness of score ranges on the Computerized Placement Test (CPT), used to assess the skills of entry-level students at Miami-Dade Community College and place first-time-in-college students in classes. Data are provided for students entering in Fall terms 1996 and 1997 showing the number of students…

Bashford, Joanne

3

Student Follow-Up Study: First-Time Students, 1970. Research Report 75-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a statewide survey, a questionnaire was mailed in April 1974, to the 940 students who had entered Harford Community College (HCC) for the first time in fall 1970; 257 (27 percent) responded. The survey was designed to ascertain the respondents' educational goals, their employment history, their transfer experiences, and their general…

Tschechtelin, James D.

4

Assessing Transfer and First-Time Freshmen Student Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a research project that compared the academic performance of community college transfer students with returning students at a four-year institution. Reports that native students demonstrated stronger academic performance than transfers at this institution. (Contains 33 references.) (RC)

Porter, Stephen R.

2003-01-01

5

Maryland Community Colleges Student Follow-up Study: First-time Students, Fall 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the methodology and results of the third annual statewide student follow-up study of the Maryland community colleges. Questionnaires were sent to 19,634 persons who were first-time students in a Maryland community college in fall, 1972. Response rate was 48%. A sequential sampling procedure was used to test for nonrespondent…

Tschechtelin, James D.; And Others

6

HIGH SCHOOL BACKGROUND OF FIRST-TIME STUDENTS UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI`I  

E-print Network

HIGH SCHOOL BACKGROUND OF FIRST-TIME STUDENTS UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI`I FALL 2007 Institutional, Students Reports available online at: http://www.hawaii.edu/iro/maps.htm #12;HIGH SCHOOL BACKGROUND 1). Enrollment of first-time students from Hawai`i high schools measured 5,967, a 9.4% increase from

7

Rites of Pedagogical Passage: How Graduate Student Instructors Negotiate the Challenges of First-Time Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the dynamics of the first-time teaching experience of graduate instructors, drawing on interview and focus group data from 35 sociology students in a doctoral program at a large university in the United States. Results indicate the majority of graduate instructors felt a great deal of anxiety due to challenges they faced when…

Smollin, Leandra M.; Arluke, Arnold

2014-01-01

8

Small Business Planning and Management for the First-Time Entrepreneur. Instructor's Resource Manual. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's resource manual and student workbook accompany the textbook of the same name. The manual is intended to help the teacher working with the small business manager and first-time entrepreneur. Each chapter contains these sections: instructional goals; resource people; tips for follow-up activities at the end of each chapter;…

Hamilton, William H.; Connelly, Donald F.

9

Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) 2000 Survey Results: First-Time, Full-Time Students Institutional Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a report on the 2000 Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) survey results from first-time, full-time students at Mt. San Antonio College (SAC) (California). The survey gathered data on student demographics, background experiences, college expectations, attitudes, and opinions. It was administered to 1,000 students, 867…

Silverman, Barbara; Richardson, Odette Marie

10

Comparison of Spatial Skills of Students Entering Different Engineering Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spatial skills have been shown to be important to success in an engineering curriculum, and some question if poor spatial skills prevent students from entering STEM fields or if students with weak spatial skills avoid engineering disciplines believed to highly spatially-oriented. Veurink and Hamlin (2011) found that freshmen students entering…

Veurink, N.; Sorby, S. A.

2012-01-01

11

FILM OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER)  

E-print Network

FILM OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER) NOTE ON REVERSE. GATE REQUIREMENTS FOR FILM OPTION: FILM 100IH ­ Introduction to Film & Photography ...................................................................... 3

Lawrence, Rick L.

12

Perceived Quality of Service and Behavioral Intentions of First-Time Students Enrolled at The University of North Carolina Asheville  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to use the SERVQUAL (Service Quality Instrument) to examine the perceptions of first-time enrolled students at University of North Carolina Asheville regarding the services they receive from a selected group of departments in the university's One Stop area. In addition, the study examined whether a relationship…

Mitchell, Patrice Black

2011-01-01

13

Costs of Attendance and the Educational Programs of First-Time Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I use data from the State University of New York to examine whether changes in community college attendance costs yield different impacts on first-time enrollment in different community college programs. Evidence is strong that academic-program enrollment significantly and substantially decreases when 2-year tuition increases, but weaker that it…

Nutting, Andrew W.

2008-01-01

14

Evaluation of an Online Alcohol Education Program for First-Time-in-College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alcohol use among college students has maintained its place as a major issue in American higher education since its inception. Although dangerous drinking has always proliferated among college students, institutions have only provided alcohol and other drug (AOD) education and interventions encouraging students to adapt less harmful habits for a…

Reiss, Elayne R.

2010-01-01

15

PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER)  

E-print Network

PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER) NOTE ON REVERSE. GATE REQUIREMENTS FOR PHOTO OPTION: FILM 100IH ­ Introduction to Film)..................................................................3 PHOTO OPTION REQUIREMENTS (GATE REQUIRED FOR MOST COURSES): PHOT 255

Dyer, Bill

16

The Distance to Delight: A Graduate Student Enters the Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article documents the first stage of the qualitative research process: "entering the field." In it, the author, a young graduate student, uses portraiture to describe her journey to find a "research site" and then establish a "research relationship" with this community, a town in rural Arkansas. This portrait…

Tieken, Mara Casey

2013-01-01

17

Communication Characteristics of Students Entering MSSD 1977-78.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A communication profile of each student entering the Model Secondary School for the Deaf (MSSD) is composed of rankings in five areas: expressive manual communication including signing, fingerspelling, and synchronization; speech intelligibility; articulation; speech reading, including words and sentences; and audiometric test performance…

Cowan, Nancy S.; And Others

18

BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later)  

E-print Network

BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later) Graduation Requirements, Intro. To Evolution & Ecology (2 cr.; fall) 9. One of these four options: (Biochemistry majors must & Measurement in Physical Biochemistry (3 cr.; fall) 13. Two of these courses: A. BIOL 41600 Viruses and Viral

Jiang, Wen

19

BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

1 BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later) Graduation Requirements Requirement: Choose one of these four options: (Biochemistry majors must choose BIOL 39500, Macromolecules) A Biochemistry (3 cr.; fall) 13. Biology Electives: Two of these courses: A. BIOL 41600 Viruses and Viral

Jiang, Wen

20

MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later) Graduation Requirements Requirement: Choose one of these four options: (Microbiology majors must choose BIOL 43800 and 43900, General Microbiology and Microbiology lab) A. BIOL 39500 Macromolecules (3 cr.; fall) B. BIOL 36600 Principles

Jiang, Wen

21

MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later)  

E-print Network

MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later) Graduation Requirements, Intro. To Evolution & Ecology (2 cr.; fall) 9. One of these four options: (Microbiology majors must choose BIOL 43800 and 43900, General Microbiology and Microbiology lab) A. BIOL 39500 Macromolecules (3

Jiang, Wen

22

The First Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author narrates her experience of meeting a Montessori kid for the first time and shares the characteristics she observed in Montessori students. The author was working as director of academic resources in university housing at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and met Jason, a pre-med sophomore who was the resident…

Black, Beth

2011-01-01

23

Facilitating Student Success for Entering California Community College Students: How One Institution Can Make an Impact.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the need to serve a broader and larger population of students at the community college level increases, the rate of student success is decreasing at many institutions. There is a greater need to deliver in-class and co-curricular experiences that satisfy the students currently entering college. The Student Success Project at Santa Monica…

Tovar, Esau; Simon, Merril A.

24

Student Retention: A Longitudinal Study Tracking First-Time Students at an Urban Multi-Campus Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) to examine student enrollment and retention patterns; quarter-to-quarter retention; retention rates by full-time/part-time status, sex, race, and age; cumulative graduation rates; and the relationship between first-quarter academic performance and subsequent quarter enrollment.…

Doan, Henry M.; And Others

25

Analysis of Persistence after Six Semesters. Fall 1975 Entering Students. Student Flow Project, Report No. 45.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a continuing study of student flow in the Hawaii community colleges, this report analyzes the persistence patterns of 1975 entering students after six semesters for the community college total and the seven campuses. The persistence patterns of the 8,979 students showed that 24% enrolled for only one semester (non-persisters), 41%…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

26

Analysis of Persistence After Six Semesters: Fall 1974 Entering Students. Student Flow Project, Report No. 30.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a continuing study of student flow in the Hawaii community colleges, this report analyzes the persistence patterns of 1974 entering students after six semesters for the community college total and the seven campuses. The persistence patterns of the 9,171 students showed that 29% enrolled for only one semester at their campus of entry…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

27

Results of the Fall 1979 Entering Student Survey. Student Flow Project, Report 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the 2,005 Fall, 1979, entering students at Kapiolani Community College (KCC) was conducted to determine: (1) reasons for attending college, (2) educational and vocational goals, (3) work experience, (4) factors which might affect student success, and (5) student perceptions of their academic preparation. The survey, administered via a…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Kapiolani Community Coll.

28

Results of the Fall 1980 Entering Student Survey. Student Flow Program, Report 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 2,338 students entering Kapiolani Community College (KCC), Hawaii, in Fall 1980 was conducted during registration to determine students' educational cbjectives and to assess the financial, employment, and academic factors that may affect college success. The survey instrument asked students to indicate their: (1) reasons for attending…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Kapiolani Community Coll.

29

UD Facts & Figures 2013-14 GRADUATION RATES FOR ENTERING FIRST-TIME, FULL-TIME FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS  

E-print Network

' highest level of education is a high school diploma (National Center for Education Statistics, U for the preceding year did not exceed 150 percent of the poverty level amount. The poverty guidelines are publi BY GENDER & ETHNICITY, RESIDENCY, FIRST-GENERATION, LOW-INCOME, PELL-GRANT, UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY STATUS

Firestone, Jeremy

30

Graduate Enrollment in Science and Engineering Programs Up in 2003, but Declines for First-Time Foreign Students  

NSF Publications Database

... sciences, physical sciences, and psychology. The field of study with the greatest percent gain in ... was psychology; computer sciences had the greatest drop. In contrast, first-time, full-time ...

31

Predicting Academic Success of First-Time College-Bound African American Students at a Predominantly White Four-Year Public Institution: A Preadmission Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop a preadmission predictive model of student success for prospective first-time African American college applicants at a predominately White four-year public institution within the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. This model will use two types of variables. They are (a) cognitive variables (i.e.,…

Redmond, M. William, Jr.

2011-01-01

32

The Bird's Eye View of Community Colleges: A Behavioral Typology of First-Time Students Based on Cluster Analytic Classification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a typology of community college students is a topic of long-standing and growing interest among educational researchers, policy-makers, administrators, and other stakeholders, but prior work on this topic has been limited in a number of important ways. In this paper, I develop a behavioral typology based on students

Bahr, Peter Riley

2010-01-01

33

Species of Entering Freshmen: A Typological Study of an Entering Class. Student Orientation Survey III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since new student orientation programs are planned to help the college assimilate large numbers of incoming students into its community with a minimum of agitation and to help the student to effectively adapt to unfamiliar surroundings quickly and effectively, orientation planners must clearly understand the manner in which students interact with…

Schell, Robert E.

34

Students' Approaches to Learning when Entering Higher Education: Differences between Students with Senior General Secondary and Senior Secondary Educational Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, more students have entered Dutch higher education. This is a consequence of the possibility to offer students to enter higher education, with a certificate from senior secondary education (SSVE). In earlier days most students in higher education had passed senior general secondary education (SGSE), or even pre-university education. It is…

Van Bragt, Cyrille A. C.; Bakx, Anouke W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, Johan M. M.; Croon, Marcel A.

2007-01-01

35

Community College Student First Year Fall to Fall Persistence: Experiences of Successful First-Time-In-College Hispanics at a Predominately Hispanic Student Community College in the South Texas/Mexico Border Region  

E-print Network

of the Hispanic population. The purpose of this naturalistic inquiry was to understand 1) the barriers experienced by successful first year (fall to fall) first-time-in-college Hispanic students at a predominately Hispanic student community college on the South...

Canales, Luzelma

2012-02-14

36

Entry and Exit: Student Progression and Persistence in Hawaii's Community Colleges. Six-Semester Study of Fall 1975 Entering Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report brings together the many findings gathered during a three-year study of the 8,979 students who entered Hawaii's seven community colleges in fall 1975. Study results are organized in the following sections: (1) selected highlights from the literature and description of the flow project; (2) characteristics of entering students and "no…

Kosaki, Mildred D.; And Others

37

Entering a Student's Committee Chair Note: While these instructions tell you how to enter a committee chair, this document refers to that  

E-print Network

record. · · Enter term student was admitted using year and term number with no spaces. (IE: 201450's SGAADVR screen. · Enter the term date and hit Control + Page Down to get to the "Advisor Information;· Hit the "ID" button. The search screen appears like this: · Enter advisor's name (You can only seach

Maxwell, Bruce D.

38

Successful Hispanic Male First-Time-In-College Students at a Community College in South Texas: Experiences That Facilitate Fall First-Term Student Persistence Through Official Reporting Date  

E-print Network

SUCCESSFUL HISPANIC MALE FIRST-TIME-IN-COLLEGE STUDENTS AT A COMMUNITY COLLEGE IN SOUTH TEXAS: EXPERIENCES THAT FACILITATE FALL FIRST-TERM STUDENT PERSISTENCE THROUGH OFFICIAL REPORTING DATE A Dissertation by WILLIAM SERRATA Submitted to the Office... COMMUNITY COLLEGE IN SOUTH TEXAS: EXPERIENCES THAT FACILITATE FALL FIRST-TERM STUDENT PERSISTENCE THROUGH OFFICIAL REPORTING DATE A Dissertation by WILLIAM SERRATA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Serrata, William

2011-02-22

39

Knowledge Structures of Entering Computer Networking Students and Their Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students bring prior knowledge to their learning experiences. This prior knowledge is known to affect how students encode and later retrieve new information learned. Teachers and content developers can use information about students' prior knowledge to create more effective lessons and materials. In many content areas, particularly the sciences,…

DiCerbo, Kristen E.

2007-01-01

40

Are STEM High School Students Entering the STEM Pipeline?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the career skills and interests for students in two STEM schools to national data. Students completed the KUDER skills assessment and career planning online tools. Results were compared across school, grade level, and sex. The results provided evidence that STEM high school students expressed career intents in predominately…

Franco, M. Suzanne; Patel, Nimisha H.; Lindsey, Jill

2012-01-01

41

Flourishing, Substance Use, and Engagement in Students Entering College: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The present study explores the association between positive mental health or flourishing, depression, and engaged learning in undergraduates. Participants: Entering first year students (N = 428) at a liberal arts college. Methods: Students completed measures of depression, flourishing, substance use, and student engagement. Results:…

Low, Kathryn Graff

2011-01-01

42

Implementation of a Study Skills Program for Entering At-Risk Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the first year of medical school is challenging for all students, there may be specific issues for students from rural areas, economically disadvantaged backgrounds, ethnic minorities, or nontraditional age groups. A Summer Prematriculation Program (SPP) was created to prepare entering at-risk students for the demands of medical school. For…

Miller, Cynthia J.

2014-01-01

43

PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING fAU2011 OR LATER)  

E-print Network

PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING fAU2011 OR LATER) NOTE: ALL COURSE NUMBERS .........................................................................................3 MTA 260 - Intro Color Photo): .................................................................................9 MTA 2XX - Documentary Film & Photography (3) MTA303 - Early History of Photo (3) MTA304

Dyer, Bill

44

[The relationships among stress, physio-psycho-social status, coping behaviors and personality traits of nursing students during first time clinical practice].  

PubMed

First-time clinical practice is stressful. However, every person's perception of stress, responses to stress and coping methods are different. It is important to examine the relationships between these phenomena and personality traits. The subjects of this study were 280 nursing students who had undertaken their first clinical practice. This study used Clinical Practice Stress Scale, Clinical Practice Physio-psycho-social Response Scale, Coping Behavior Inventory of Clinical Practice and Chi test to examine the following four questions for the students: (1) the type and frequency of stressors occurring during their first clinical practice, (2) physio-psycho-social status; (3) the coping behaviors utilized by the students; (4) the relationship among perception of stress, coping behaviors, physio-psycho-social status and personality traits. The results of this study showed that the most common stressors were lack of professional knowledge and skill, and taking care of patients. The most common response of the students was social behavioral response, followed by emotional response. Physical response rarely occur. The most common coping behavior utilized by the students was keeping optimistic, followed by transferring and problem solving. Avoidance behaviors were least one. In addition, the results of this study show that the perception of stress, coping behaviors and psychosocial status are significantly related to personality characteristics, including introversion-extroversion, social adaptiveness, and emotional stability. These results may help nurses to better understand the phenomena of stress, coping and adaptation. They may also help nursing educators understand the difficulties of nursing students and, based on individual difference, assist them individually in order to promote the quality of clinical practice. PMID:17953068

Sheu, S; Lin, H S; Hwang, S L

2001-06-01

45

Entering Student Affairs: A Comparative Study of Graduate School Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the college choice process of graduate students in College Student Personnel programs at a public university and a private religiously affiliated university. Despite differences in size, mission, and location of the two institutions studied, the research findings show that respondent populations were similar demographically…

Mertz, Norma; Eckman, Ellen; Strayhorn, Terrell

2012-01-01

46

Persistence in the Community College System After Six Semesters: Fall 1975 Entering Students. Student Flow Project, Report No. 44.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a continuing study of student flow in the Hawaii community colleges, this report analyzes the persistence patterns of 1975 entering students after six semesters for the community college total and the seven campuses. The persistence patterns of the 8,979 students showed that 21% enrolled for only one semester at their campus of entry…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

47

Statement on Competencies in Mathematics Expected of Entering College Students. April 2010. Revised May 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this" Statement on Competencies in Mathematics Expected of Entering College Students" is to provide a clear and coherent message about the mathematics that students need to know and to be able to do to be successful in college. While parts of this Statement were written with certain audiences in mind, the document as a whole…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, 2013

2013-01-01

48

Analysis of Persistence After Six Semesters: Fall 1974, Fall 1975, Fall 1976 Entering Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the seven Hawaii community colleges were examined to determine the persistence patterns of students entering the system in Fall 1974, Fall 1975, and Fall 1976 after six semesters. Students were classified as: (1) non-persisters, i.e., those who attended one semester only; (2) moderate persisters, i.e., those who attended two or more…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Office of Institutional Research and Analysis.

49

MINOR for Natural Resources Conservation For students entering after Aug. 2010  

E-print Network

MINOR for Natural Resources Conservation For students entering after Aug. 2010 Conserving Earth provide humans are two major objectives of natural resources conservation. In this minor, students learn issues, and to provide them the knowledge and tools essential for wise stewardship of natural resources

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

50

Test Anxiety, Previous Test Taking Experience, and Test-Wiseness in Entering Medical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships among variables for a group of first year medical students were examined. The variables included previous test-taking experience, test-taking training, test anxiety, and level of test wiseness. The study also provided initial normative data concerning the level of test anxiety among entering medical students for comparison with…

Harvill, Leo M.

51

Analysis and Classification of Entering Freshmen Mathematic Students Using Multiple Discriminate Function Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Predictor variables that could be used effectively to place entering freshmen methematics students into courses of instruction in mathematics were investigated at West Virginia University. Multiple discriminant analysis was used with nearly 6,000 student records collected over a three-year period, and a series of predictive equations were…

Ahrens, Steve

52

Diagnostic Examination for Students Entering Graduate Study in Soil Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports that students with soil science background performed better on a diagnostic examination; no relationship existed between exam performance and country of origin, degree sought, or undergraduate class quartile. Concludes that exam results, the grade received in a beginning graduate-level course and the cumulative graduate grade-point average…

Loynachan, T. E.

1988-01-01

53

Post-College Career Plans of Entering College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Answers on questionnaires returned by students and parents attending orientation sessions held by Cornell University are discussed. Questions dealt with feelings about the purpose of a college education, the advisability of attending graduate school right after graduation, important factors in selecting one's first job, etc. (EAK)

Babcock, Robert J.

1974-01-01

54

Persistence in the Community College System After Six Semesters, Fall 1974 Entering Students. Student Flow Project, Report No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a continuing student flow study in Hawaii community colleges, the persistence of 9,171 fall 1974 entering students after six semesters was analyzed to ascertain the degree to which they persisted at campuses other than the one of entry. Characteristics studied included sex, age, high school background, marital status, entry status,…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

55

Recruiting and retaining geoscience students at a large public university: Balancing the needs of first-time freshman and upper-division transfer students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Geological Sciences at California State University, Fullerton (CSUF) is one of the largest geology programs in the state. Approximately 4,000 students at CSUF take general education geology classes; this provides a large pool from which to recruit undergraduate students for either the Geology B.S. or Earth Sciences B.A. offered by the department. The department has seen a dramatic increase in majors over the last decade, from a low of 28 majors in 2002 to more than 110 in 2012. This increase does not appear to be driven by growth in the oil industry; in a recent survey of CSUF geoscience (BS or BA) students, 15% of respondents indicated an interest in a career in petroleum. The department has engaged in aggressive recruitment and outreach efforts over the last decade, with activities ranging from earthquake preparedness rallies in conjunction with the annual California ShakeOut, to an emerging high school and community college intern program at the department's paleontology curation facility. Despite these efforts, the majority of CSUF geoscience students declared the geology major after taking an introductory physical geology course either at CSUF or a local community college. Over the last ten years, approximately 50% of the geoscience majors at CSUF transferred from a community college. Among the geoscience students who began their career at CSUF, only one third had declared a geoscience major in their freshman year. Over two thirds of geoscience majors at CSUF declared their major after completing more than 60 units. The strong tendency for students to declare a geoscience major late in their career poses significant challenges to students' ability to graduate in a timely manner. To mitigate this problem, the department has an aggressive advising program, wherein students attend mandatory advising with a faculty member every semester. The department is also working closely with community college partners to improve the preparation of transfer students through advising partnerships facilitated by the NSF-sponsored STEM2 program, and through active collaboration in implementing a geology "Associate's Degree-for-Transfer" at community colleges under the framework of California's Student Transfer Achievement Reform Act (SB 1440).

Bowman, D. D.; Clemens-Knott, D.

2012-12-01

56

A Statistical Comparison of First Time Praxis II Pass Rates between Homegrown 4 Year Students and Transfer Students of a Medium Size Suburban University: A Six Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to meet the federal mandate specified by the No Child Left Behind Act to demonstrate content competency for teaching certification, students must pass a written examination. Missouri and 37 other states chose the Praxis II to satisfy requirements. Presently, schools of education advertise the passing rate of the Praxis II as 100%, since…

Holmes, Jason Edward, Jr.

2011-01-01

57

Sense of Direction: The Importance of Helping Community College Students Select and Enter a Program of Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Community Colleges (CCC) are committed to increasing the rate at which entering students persist to completion of a certificate or degree or transfer to a university. Recent research suggests that efforts to increase student success in community colleges need to focus on helping new students choose and enter a program of study. Too…

Moore, Colleen; Shulock, Nancy

2011-01-01

58

Burnout among Entering MSW Students: Exploring the Role of Personal Attributes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although individual susceptibility to burnout within a similar structural context is well-documented in other helping professions, little is known about the relationship between personal attributes and burnout in social work. Furthermore, despite a large number of entering MSW students with prior work experience, there is a paucity of research…

Han, Meekyung; Lee, Sang E.; Lee, Peter Allan

2012-01-01

59

ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later course other than BIOL 54200 124 Total Credits BIOLOGY: 1. BIOL 12100 Biology I: Diversity, Ecology 28600 Intro. to Ecology and Evolution (2 cr.; spring) or BIOL 29500, Intro. to Evolution & Ecology (2 cr

Jiang, Wen

60

PLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Fall 2009  

E-print Network

1 PLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Fall 2009 Name CS 211 3 ____ VI. SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (43 credits) A. Understanding Systems Engineering SYST 101 3. Systems Engineering Management SYST 371 3 ____ F. Deterministic Operations Research OR 441 3 ____ G

61

Texas Tech University introduces the Aim High Grant for transfer students entering spring 2012.  

E-print Network

Texas Tech University introduces the Aim High Grant for transfer students entering spring 2012 be enrolled in at least 12 credit hours. To receive the Aim High Grant, add Texas Tech's school code (003644.gragg@ttu.edu. get started. Apply to Texas Tech. www.applytexas.org anew opportunityto themark. andhit a new grant

Westfall, Peter H.

62

Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook In effect for students entering Fall 2013  

E-print Network

Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook In effect for students entering Fall 2013 Department of Planning and Urban Studies / College of Liberal Arts 368 Milneburg Hall University of New Orleans 2000 Lakeshore Drive New Orleans, LA 70148 #12;Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook 1 DOCTORAL PROGRAM

Kulp, Mark

63

CELL, MOLECULAR AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

CELL, MOLECULAR AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later III: Cell Structure and Function (2 cr.; fall) 6. BIOL 24100 Biology IV: Genetics and Molecular Biology (3 cr.; spring) 7. BIOL 24200 Laboratory in Genetics and Molecular Biology (2 cr.; spring) 8. BIOL

Jiang, Wen

64

Epistemic and ontological cognition of entering and postdidactic occupational therapy students.  

PubMed

Beliefs about knowledge and knowing, also called epistemic and ontological cognition (EOC), are associated with many aspects of learning and achievement; no published studies have described the EOC of occupational therapy students. This study compares and contrasts occupational therapy students' EOC at entry and on completion of didactic coursework. Twenty-one incoming and 33 postdidactic students completed the Epistemic Beliefs Inventory and the modified Four-Quadrant Scale and provided explanations for their self-ratings. Results indicate that the postdidactic students held more sophisticated stances toward occupational therapy-specific knowledge. The entering students demonstrated dogmatist and skeptic perspectives, with minimal evidence of a rationalist view of knowledge, whereas the postdidactic students showed evidence of primarily skeptic stances, with the emergence of rationalist views. Implications for occupational therapy theory, education, and research are discussed. PMID:25397935

Mitchell, Anita Witt

2014-01-01

65

Fall 1975 Entering Students Not Continuing in the Same Community College in Fall 1976. Student Flow Project, Report No. 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire was sent to 2,045 students who had entered Hawaii community colleges in fall 1975, continued their enrollment in spring 1976, but who did not enroll in fall 1976 for a third semester. The purpose of the questionnaire was to obtain data on reasons for non-continuance, to obtain information on the fall 1976 activities of…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

66

Initial Experiences of First Entering Students at the University of Limpopo: Implications for Coping with Academic Work/Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on the initial experiences of first entering students at the University of Limpopo registered for 2010 Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.). I argue the initial experiences of first entering students at universities have implications for how they cope with studies and could lead to some dropping out. I place my argument within the…

Modipane, M. C.

2011-01-01

67

Course Registration Schedule Fall 2014 http://www.dartmouth.edu/~reg/guides/csel/csel_student_entering.html  

E-print Network

. Step 6: Submit Changes Step 2: Select the appropriate term Step 3: Search for Courses using the CourseCourse Registration Schedule Fall 2014 http://www.dartmouth.edu/~reg/guides/csel/csel_student_entering.html Course Registration Quick Reference Guide: Entering Students Visual Guide Step 1: Access Banner

Shepherd, Simon

68

Where the Sun Breezes Don't Stop Shining. Teachers' Journals and Students' Writings on First-Time Homebuying from the New American Homeowners Project, February-June 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The writings of both teachers and students participating in the New Americans Homeowners Project, a project combining English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction and information on first-time home-buying for immigrants in language minority groups are presented. The project provided training and technical assistance to ESL teachers, and reached…

Anderson, Catherine, Ed.

69

Implementation of a study skills program for entering at-risk medical students.  

PubMed

While the first year of medical school is challenging for all students, there may be specific issues for students from rural areas, economically disadvantaged backgrounds, ethnic minorities, or nontraditional age groups. A Summer Prematriculation Program (SPP) was created to prepare entering at-risk students for the demands of medical school. For the past 2 yr, an emphasis was placed on the development of appropriate study plans and skills. On presurveys, students predicted an increase in their number of study hours per lecture hour, from 7.6 h in undergraduate coursework to 9.1 h in medical school coursework (n = 35). These study plans were infeasible given the rigorous didactic lecture schedule in medical school. Interventions were made through lectures on study plans and modeling of appropriate study habits using engaging lectures in the SPP physiology course. At the end of the program, a postsurvey was given, and students reported a reduction in the planned hours of study to a more realistic 3.9 h of study time per hour of lecture. Furthermore, students planned to decrease their use of textbooks while increasing their use of concept mapping, videos, and peer teaching. The majority of students completing the SPP program with a study skills emphasis performed well in the Medical Physiology course, with 4 students honoring in the course, 27 students passing, and 2 students remediating the course after an initial failure. These results indicate that at-risk medical students may have inappropriate study plans that can be improved through participation in a program that emphasizes study skills development. PMID:25179612

Miller, Cynthia J

2014-09-01

70

Motivations to nurse: an exploration of what motivates students in Pacific Island countries to enter nursing.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to explore the motivations of student nurses enrolled in nursing courses across a variety of Pacific Island countries. The image of nursing, the desire to help others, family and friends in the profession, personal experience, security, travel opportunities and flexibility have all been identified as motivators for people to enter nursing. To date, what motivates students in Pacific Island countries to enrol in a nursing course has not been investigated. An exploratory qualitative approach using focus group interviews with 152 nursing students was undertaken. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis, revealing four themes: (i) helping others; (ii) 'making a difference for my people'; (iii) following in the footsteps of others; and (iv) financial and professional gain. In a time of health and nursing workforce shortages, developing a deeper understanding of what drives people can be used to improve recruitment strategies in the future. PMID:24093735

Usher, Kim; West, Caryn; Macmanus, Mary; Waqa, Silina; Stewart, Lee; Henry, Renee; Lindsay, David; Conaglen, Jo; Hall, Julianne; McAuliffe, Marie; Redman-MacLaren, Michelle

2013-10-01

71

The Influence of Religion and High School Biology Courses on Students' Knowledge of Evolution When They Enter College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students whose high school biology course included evolution but not creationism knew more about evolution when they entered college than did students whose courses included evolution plus creationism or whose courses included neither evolution nor creationism. Similarly, students who believed that their high school biology classes were the primary source of their views of evolution knew more about evolution than

Randy Moore; Sehoya Cotner; Alex Bates

72

The Bird’s Eye View of Community Colleges: A Behavioral Typology of First-Time Students Based on Cluster Analytic Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a typology of community college students is a topic of long-standing and growing interest among educational\\u000a researchers, policy-makers, administrators, and other stakeholders, but prior work on this topic has been limited in a number\\u000a of important ways. In this paper, I develop a behavioral typology based on students’ course-taking and other enrollment patterns\\u000a during a seven-year observation

Peter Riley Bahr

2010-01-01

73

Cognitive Profile of Students Who Enter Higher Education with an Indication of Dyslexia  

PubMed Central

For languages other than English there is a lack of empirical evidence about the cognitive profile of students entering higher education with a diagnosis of dyslexia. To obtain such evidence, we compared a group of 100 Dutch-speaking students diagnosed with dyslexia with a control group of 100 students without learning disabilities. Our study showed selective deficits in reading and writing (effect sizes for accuracy between d?=?1 and d?=?2), arithmetic (d?1), and phonological processing (d>0.7). Except for spelling, these deficits were larger for speed related measures than for accuracy related measures. Students with dyslexia also performed slightly inferior on the KAIT tests of crystallized intelligence, due to the retrieval of verbal information from long-term memory. No significant differences were observed in the KAIT tests of fluid intelligence. The profile we obtained agrees with a recent meta-analysis of English findings suggesting that it generalizes to all alphabetic languages. Implications for special arrangements for students with dyslexia in higher education are outlined. PMID:22719864

Brysbaert, Marc

2012-01-01

74

Predicting Persistence for First-Time Undergraduate Adult Students at Four-Year Institutions Using First-Term Academic Behaviors and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2011, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) reported that, in the 24 to 54 age range, the United States ranked thirty-fourth among all for individuals with a postsecondary credential. For the United States to increase in rank, adult students, who are projected to increase by 1.9 million in postsecondary enrollment by…

Davidson, J. Cody; Holbrook, Wesley T.

2014-01-01

75

Implementing Process-Oriented, Guided-Inquiry Learning for the First Time: Adaptations and Short-Term Impacts on Students' Attitude and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Innovative, research-based instructional practices are critical to transforming the conventional undergraduate instructional landscape into a student-centered learning environment. Research on dissemination of innovation indicates that instructors often adapt rather than adopt these practices. These adaptations can lead to the loss of critical…

Chase, Anthony; Pakhira, Deblina; Stains, Marilyne

2013-01-01

76

Would medical students enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high mortality rate? An analysis of book reports on 28 (secondary publication).  

PubMed

This study aimed to ascertain whether medical students would enter a closed area where there was a raging epidemic of an infectious disease with a high fatality rate, and includes reasons for the students entering or refusing to enter. Participants included 50 second-year medical students. They were assigned to read a novel entitled 28, written by Youjeong Jeong, and discuss it in groups. Using their book reports, their decisions of whether or not to enter Hwayang, the city from the novel, and the reasons for their decisions were analyzed; we furthermore investigated the factors affecting their decisions. Among the 50 respondents, 18 students (36%) answered that they would enter, and the remaining 32 students (64%) answered that they would not enter the zone. The reasons given for entering were responsibility (44%), sense of ethics (33%), social duty (17%), and sense of guilt (6%). The reasons the students provided for not entering were inefficiency (44%), worry regarding family (28%), needlessness of sacrifice (19%), and safety not ensured (9%). Students who had four or fewer family members were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had five or more family members (odds ratio, 1.85). Students who had completed over 100 hours of volunteer work were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had volunteered less than 100 hours (odds ratio, 2.04). Owing to their "responsibility" as a doctor, 36% of medical students answered that they would enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high fatality rate. However, 64% answered they would not enter because of "inefficiency." For the medical students it is still a question 'To enter or not to enter?' PMID:25112443

Hwang, Kun; Hong, Hyung Sun; Heo, Won Young

2014-01-01

77

Would medical students enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high mortality rate? An analysis of book reports on 28 (secondary publication)  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to ascertain whether medical students would enter a closed area where there was a raging epidemic of an infectious disease with a high fatality rate, and includes reasons for the students entering or refusing to enter. Participants included 50 second-year medical students. They were assigned to read a novel entitled 28, written by Youjeong Jeong, and discuss it in groups. Using their book reports, their decisions of whether or not to enter Hwayang, the city from the novel, and the reasons for their decisions were analyzed; we furthermore investigated the factors affecting their decisions. Among the 50 respondents, 18 students (36%) answered that they would enter, and the remaining 32 students (64%) answered that they would not enter the zone. The reasons given for entering were responsibility (44%), sense of ethics (33%), social duty (17%), and sense of guilt (6%). The reasons the students provided for not entering were inefficiency (44%), worry regarding family (28%), needlessness of sacrifice (19%), and safety not ensured (9%). Students who had four or fewer family members were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had five or more family members (odds ratio, 1.85). Students who had completed over 100 hours of volunteer work were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had volunteered less than 100 hours (odds ratio, 2.04). Owing to their “responsibility” as a doctor, 36% of medical students answered that they would enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high fatality rate. However, 64% answered they would not enter because of “inefficiency.” For the medical students it is still a question ‘To enter or not to enter?’ PMID:25112443

Hong, Hyung Sun; Heo, Won Young

2014-01-01

78

PLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Spring 2008 or later  

E-print Network

PLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Spring 2008 or later Name to Computer Programming CS 112 4 ____ B. Object-Oriented Programming CS 211 3 ____ VI. SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (43 credits) A. Understanding Systems Engineering SYST 101 3 ____ B. Dynamic Systems Modeling SYST 220, 221

79

Engineering Student YouTube Contest! Enter to win a trip to Ottawa to meet the leaders of the  

E-print Network

1 Engineering Student YouTube Contest! Enter to win a trip to Ottawa to meet the leaders to the ACEC YouTube Contest Page by carefully following the steps below: 1) Upload your video to YouTube. 2) Confirm your submission by emailing nboudreau@acec.ca the link to your YouTube video. Include your name

Thompson, Michael

80

Graduate Short Film Competition Guidelines The Graduate Recruitment team invite current graduate students to enter short films of no  

E-print Network

Graduate Short Film Competition Guidelines The Graduate Recruitment team invite current graduate students to enter short films of no longer than 5 minutes to promote graduate study at Oxford. The films Entrants are free to submit films on any topic related to graduate study at Oxford, although the following

Oxford, University of

81

The Emotional Experience of First-time Teaching: Reflections from Graduate Instructors, 1997-2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching for the first time can be a challenging but rewarding experience. For first-time graduate student instructors, however, it also officially marks the transition from student to teacher--a process that can be both transformational and emotion-laden. In this article, we use content analysis of 86 first-time sociology graduate student…

Meanwell, Emily; Kleiner, Sibyl

2014-01-01

82

Overweight and at-risk for overweight among Hawai'i public school students entering kindergarten, 2002-2003.  

PubMed

Recent studies have pointed to an increasing problem of overweight and obesity in children in Hawai'i, but all of these studies have been conducted in specific communities or special population groups. No broad population-based studies have been conducted to document the extent of overweight in the general population of children in Hawai'i. To provide a population based estimate of overweight in Hawai'i's children, this study examined Student Health Records for 10, 199 children entering kindergarten in public schools during 2002-2003. Data on age, gender, height, and weight were used to calculate BMI (body mass index) scores. Because records for all students entering public school kindergarten were available for analysis, the data presented here represents the broadest estimates of overweight and at risk for overweight in Hawai'i's children published to date. The results illustrate that almost one-third of the children aged 4-6 years old entering Hawai'i public schools are either overweight or at risk for overweight. Rates are higher in rural school complexes than urban ones. Compared to a 1984 study that found 'no significant under or over nutrition' in Hawai'i's school children, our results suggest that almost one-third of children aged 4-6 entering Hawai'i public schools are either overweight or at risk for overweight. Physicians should be aware of this growing problem, and seek to implement practices to combat overweight among their pediatric patients and families. PMID:17194059

Pobutsky, Ann M; Hirokawa, Robert; Zou, Li; Huang, Tianzhu; Rosen, Linda; Wood, Betty

2006-10-01

83

Ascertaining Learning Needs of Students Entering an Upper Level Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational testing program at the University of Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), developed for juniors entering its school of education, evaluates their characteristics, the nature and extent of subject matter weaknesses, the need for and nature of remediation, and the relation of subject matter and basic skill achievement to success in methods…

Korth, Willard; Ferrero, Grace

84

Musical Identities in Transition: Solo-Piano Students' Accounts of Entering the Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the identity work of adult instrumental students negotiating their entry to a prestigious music academy and the professional field of music. Ten classical solo-piano students' accounts of their musical histories and experiences were collected through research interviews. The thematic analyses presented…

Juuti, Sini; Littleton, Karen

2010-01-01

85

Whatever Happened to the Class of 1994? A Three-Year Longitudinal Study of Traditional Freshmen Entering Frederick Community College in the Fall 1994 Semester.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional freshmen, or first-time students who enter college immediately after graduating high school, represent the largest identifiable group of students within Frederick Community College's (FCC) student body. They are afforded a considerable amount of resources from college staff, and for them the college follows various measurements of…

Holton, James M.

86

Competency Based Reading and Math Program for Adult Students Entering Vocational Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Testing and Assessment Department of Dawson Technical Institute (Illinois) determined that approximately 25-30 percent of the students taking the entrance Test of Adult Basic Education do not meet the academic level required to start a training program. A competency-based adult reading and math program was developed, and the decision was made…

Palagi, Robert G.

87

Enter the Madcap Prince of Wales: Students Directing "Henry IV, Part I."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that William Shakespeare's "Henry IV, Part I" is an appropriate and useful text for secondary English classrooms. Shows how the play lends itself to performance-based instruction. Outlines ways of accomplishing student engagement, using film versions, and assigning written work. (HB)

Earthman, Elise Ann

1993-01-01

88

Students Hearing Impaired from the 1963-1965 Rubella Epidemic Begin to Enter College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of the postsecondary qualifications among 8,000 or more children born hearing impaired as a result of the 1963-65 rubella epidemic revealed a favorable prognosis for postsecondary education for many rubella students graduating from secondary programs in 1983, l984, and l985. (Author/CL)

Stuckless, E. Ross; Walter, Gerard G.

1983-01-01

89

The Value of Active Learning Before they enter school, many students are already  

E-print Network

with educational video games and PC-based learning applications. They arrive in the classroom expect- ing learning shows that active engagement and educational video games are valuable for student learning. According to the Federation of American Scientists, "The success of com- plex video games demonstrates that games can teach

Chaudhuri, Surajit

90

A Case Study of Students Entering an Early College High School: Changes in Academic Behavior Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to learn more about the transition experiences of one group of high school students (N = 75) as they began attending one alternative pathway: an Early College High School program on a community college campus. A four-part conceptual framework of college readiness provided a structure from which to explore the…

Healy, James J.

2009-01-01

91

An Open Letter to Parents of Students With Disabilities About to Enter College  

E-print Network

. As parents, it is time for us to step back and allow/encourage/gently nudge our SWD's (Students and personally. As you and your SWD prepare to visit campus for that initial meeting with a disability service, colleges and universities provide services and support to SWD under very different laws than those

Mitchener, W. Garrett

92

Expanding Horizons: A Program for Students Entering Nontraditional Technical Occupations. PY95 Final Detailed Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Expanding Horizons Project at Austin Community College successfully achieved its goals for Project Year 1994-95. During the year, the project accomplished the following: raised public awareness of the need to overcome gender bias, promoted career opportunities in nontraditional technical occupations to more than 1,200 prospective students

Austin Community Coll., TX.

93

Statistical Methods for Protecting Personally Identifiable Information in the Disclosure of Graduation Rates of First-Time, Full-Time Degree- or Certificate-Seeking Undergraduate Students by 2-Year Degree-Granting Institutions of Higher Education. Technical Brief. NCES 2012-151  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 (HEOA) requires that Title IV degree-granting institutions disclose annually the graduation rates of first-time, full-time degree- or certificate-seeking undergraduate students, disaggregated by gender, each major racial/ethnic subgroup, and receipt or non-receipt of a federal Pell grant or subsidized…

Chen, Xianglei; Bersudskaya, Vera; Cubarrubi, Archie

2011-01-01

94

Perceived Stress Scores among Saudi Students Entering Universities: A Prospective Study during the First Year of University Life  

PubMed Central

In this prospective study we wanted to determine whether perceived stress over time among students in the Preparatory Year of King Saud University (KSU) predisposes them to cardiometabolic abnormalities. A total of 110 apparently healthy Saudi students (35 men and 75 women enrolled during the 2010?2011 academic year) were included. Perceived stress was determined at baseline and 1 year later. Anthropometrics were obtained and morning fasting serum glucose, lipid profile and cortisol were measured at both times. Perceived stress was noted among 48.2% of subjects at baseline and was not significantly different after follow-up, with 45.4% scoring high. In men, the prevalence of perceived stress was 48.6% at baseline (13 out of 35) and 37.1% at follow-up (13 out of 35), while in women it was 48% at baseline and 49.3% at follow-up. Interestingly, significant improvements in the blood pressure and lipid profiles, with the exception of HDL-cholesterol, were observed in both men and women, while fasting glucose also improved in women. Serum cortisol was inversely associated to fasting glucose, and total- and LDL-cholesterol (p-values 0.007, 0.04 and 0.04, respectively). These data are opposite to findings in students entering Western universities, in whom increasing stress and a deteriorating cardiometabolic profile have been repeatedly noted. Perceived stress and morning cortisol levels among students of the Preparatory Year in KSU remained constant for both genders over time, yet an improved cardiometabolic profile was observed, suggesting good adaptation among our pre-college students in their first year of university life. PMID:24727357

Al-Daghri, Nasser M.; Al-Othman, Abdulaziz; Albanyan, Abdulmajeed; Al-Attas, Omar S.; Alokail, Majed S.; Sabico, Shaun; Chrousos, George P.

2014-01-01

95

An Evaluation of the Right Choices Program to Determine Effectiveness in Delivering Constructive Interventions and Providing an Early Support Program in Order to Modify Behavior of First-Time Student Offenders Who Commit Drug and Violent Acts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to perform a program evaluation of the Right Choices Program to determine the program's effectiveness in delivering constructive interventions that modify student behavior once students have left the program and have returned to their regular learning environment. This mixed-method evaluation consisted of an…

Barnes, Lisa B.

2010-01-01

96

Welcome Class of 2018! As an entering Dartmouth College student there are specific immunization and health requirements you must satisfy prior  

E-print Network

Welcome Class of 2018! As an entering Dartmouth College student there are specific immunization.html, the following forms: Immunization Form: Bring to a health care provider to complete. Keep a copy of your immunization form so you can complete the online portion of your health requirements. You

97

First Year Student Expectations: Results from a University-Wide Student Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much has been written on the first-year experience of students at higher education institutions, less attention has been directed to the expectations of students when they enter an institution for the first time. This paper provides additional insights into the expectations of students at an Australian university and highlights areas in…

Crisp, Geoffrey; Palmer, Edward; Turnbull, Deborah; Nettelbeck, Ted; Ward, Lynn; LeCouteur, Amanda; Sarris, Aspa; Strelan, Peter; Schneider, Luke

2009-01-01

98

Teaching Physics for the First Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to be a quick and easy resource for anyone teaching physics for the first time. Written after extensive research, this book is filled with reliable labs, demos and activities that work well in the classroom. Also included are lesson plans, diagrams, and teacher notes for every activity. The book is not the end--it is just a…

Mader, Jan; Winn, Mary

2008-01-01

99

Radiation enteritis  

MedlinePLUS

Radiation enteropathy; Radiation-induced small bowel injury; Post-radiation enteritis ... Radiation therapy uses high-powered x-rays, particles, or radioactive seeds to kill cancer cells. The therapy ...

100

Critical elements affecting retention of first-time, full-time freshmen at Tennessee State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colleges and universities, including Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) such as Tennessee State University (TSU), place a significant emphasis on student retention. However, to be successful, these institutions need to examine critical elements affecting the retention of their first-time, full-time freshman students. The purpose of this study was to focus on critical elements affecting retention rates of first-time, full-time

Joseph Perry

2010-01-01

101

DIRECTIONS TO OCHR SAN DIEGO Students and Vendors needing a temporary vehicle pass, must enter through the Main Gate  

E-print Network

two entry gates, North and West Gates, off Miramar Road. For temporary vehicle pass information, refer to your right. West Gate to OCHR San Diego Upon entering the West Gate off Miramar Road, proceed straight 25, towards Miramar Road East Exit Head East on Miramar Road Turn Right onto Kearny Villa Rd Exit off

102

Radiation enteritis  

SciTech Connect

As the population receiving radiation therapy grows, so does the incidence of chronic radiation enteritis. A review of the pathology of chronic radiation enteritis reveals fibrosis, endarteritis, edema, fragility, perforation, and partial obstruction. Conservative management of patients with this disease is common. Because the obstruction is only partial, decompression is easily achieved with nasogastric suction and parenteral support. The patient is then often discharged on a liquid-to-soft diet. This therapeutic strategy does nothing for the underlying pathology. The problem, sooner or later, will return with the patient further depleted by the chronic radiation enteritis. We think surgical intervention is appropriate when the diagnosis of chronic radiation enteritis is assumed. The surgery in relation to this disease is high risk with a 30% mortality and 100% expensive morbidity. Early intervention seems to decrease these figures. All anastomoses, if possible, should be outside the irradiated area. Trapped pelvic loops of intestine should be left in place and a bypass procedure with decompressing enterostomies accomplished. The surgery should be performed by a surgeon with extensive experience with all kinds of bowel obstruction as well as experience in performing surgery in radiated tissue.

O'Brien, P.H.; Jenrette, J.M. III; Garvin, A.J.

1987-09-01

103

Speaking with an Accent: Some Practical Advice for Foreign First-Time Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of Ph.D. programs in political science in the United States provide some kind of teaching training for graduate students, which ranges from assisting other instructors to designing and teaching new courses. In most cases, departments make an effort to guide these students in their new role as instructors; however, first-time teachers…

Berardo, Ramiro

2011-01-01

104

The Teaching of History to Developmental Students: A Block Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 37% (80 students) of the 219 entering, first-time freshmen, who were enrolled in second-level (requiring high school level skills) developmental reading and composition courses at the Community College of Allegheny County, were block-enrolled into a social science/history elective, "Man, Time, and Social Change." The same group of students…

Holmberg, James; And Others

105

Dear Parents and Guardians of the 2011 Entering Class of Black Students: It is with sincere pleasure the staff of the Office of African-American Affairs (OAAA) and I welcome you to  

E-print Network

Dear Parents and Guardians of the 2011 Entering Class of Black Students: It is with sincere of Virginia. We are excited you and your students are now a part of our wonderful community and look forward describing each. You can also log on to our website at www.virginia.edu/oaaa to learn more about us! One

Acton, Scott

106

A Comparative Analysis of the Academic Performance and Graduation Rates of Freshmen and Transfer Students. AIR 1991 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether there are significant differences in the academic performance and graduation rates of undergraduate transfer students compared to students who entered the general campuses as first-time freshmen in selected 2- and 4-year campuses in Colorado. Four student cohorts were studied within three campuses (Boulder, Denver,…

Owen, J. Alan

107

Google has just launched a great initiative for students called The AdMob Student App Challenge and you have an opportunity to enter!  

E-print Network

night trip to San Francisco, including a one-day visit to the Google HQ. Winning Android app featuredHello, Google has just launched a great initiative for students called The AdMob Student App, California. What is it? AdMob is a Google-owned platform for app developers to help them earn income

Tessler, Nir

108

Undergraduate Persistence and Rates of Graduation: A Cohort Analysis of First-Time in College Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report summarizes a study of the six-year graduation rates of first-time college-degree-seeking undergraduates at Nova Southeastern University (NSU) (Florida). The purpose of the study was to (1) develop research methods that would be in compliance with the Student Right-to-Know Act (SRK), and to further investigate the composition of…

Atherton, Blair

109

Comparative Study of Freshmen College Student Beliefs and Values between Representative Private and Public Institutions of Higher Education in Kentucky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students entering college for the first time are embarking on a life-changing journey like none they have experienced. The potential impact the college experience will have on their lives is extreme. Students will be engaged in class and co-curricular settings in ways that will challenge them to produce developmental growth that will carry them…

Combs, Brian S.

2009-01-01

110

INTERNSHIPS AND OCCUPATIONAL SOCIALIZATION: WHAT ARE STUDENTS LEARNING?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internships provide rich environments where students can learn about their future careers by way of occupational socialization. Entering a career for the first time, however, can be a delicate matter. As active agents in their own socialization, interns have a lot at stake. So too, do the organizations and institutions of higher learning that sponsor them. Because of these interests,

Amy McManus; Andrew Hale Feinstein

2008-01-01

111

Responding Globally to the Online Learning Needs of Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of my proposal is to present a comprehensive look at the specific needs of military students who are actively deployed globally, and who are entering the "virtual classroom" for the first time. Additionally, I have drawn upon my own experiences as an educator of more than 15 years, as well as someone who has developed course curriculum…

Bricker, Suzane L.

2012-01-01

112

Transition; females and computing a double disadvantage. Is transition from secondary school to university is more difficult for students entering a degree where  

E-print Network

entering computing degrees where their gender can be less than 10% of the first year intake? The Approach in response to questions about their perceptions on entering a non-traditional area, apparent differences course, or were studying a computing major within a science, engineering or mathematics course

Lang, Catherine

113

XMM telescope goes on show for the first time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After years of little-publicized effort in various parts of Europe, one of the finished XMM telescopes is presented for the first time to the press and other visitors during a press briefing on 22 May at the Centre Spatial de LiŠge (CSL) in Belgium. As the telescope is a flight model due to go into space, the inspection is hands-off, through a clean-room window. But visitors can see the multi-mirror module looking like a log of wood 70 centimetres wide and 60 centimetres long. In cross-section the nesting mirrors make concentric rings resembling the rings of annual growth in a tree --except that there are narrow gaps between the mirrors, to let in the X- rays. Galileo and Newton would not recognize the XMM module as a telescope, but they never had to focus X-rays, which ignore lenses and ordinary mirrors. The German physicist Hans Wolter invented a near-cylindrical mirror that narrows in a geometric fashion, first along a parabola and then a hyperbola. Some of the X-rays entering through the wider end are twice reflected from the interior wall at grazing angles, and go to a focus. When Wolter's concept went into telescopes for X-ray astronomy, most of the X-rays simply missed the mirror, so that any signal was weak. The remedy was to fill the interior with smaller concentric mirrors, to catch more of the X-rays. In practice, that meant either a few mirrors, fashioned and aligned with care to achieve a high resolving power, or many cruder mirrors which sacrificed optical sharpness for the sake of sensitivity. The XMM telescopes are the first to achieve both sharpness and sensitivity, thanks to innovations by European industry made possible by XMM's status as a Cornerstone Mission in ESA's science programme. Carl Zeiss in Germany provided mandrels (moulds) of 58 sizes, all carefully polished to the required paraboloidal-hyperboloidal shape. Media Lario in Italy made the reflective surface by depositing gold on the mandrel under vacuum, and then backed it with nickel formed in an electrochemical bath. As each finished mirror was only about a millimetre thick, the Medio Lario team had to handle it with great care to avoid flexing, until it was glued into position among all the other mirrors, between wheel-like "spiders" fabricated by APCO in Switzerland. If the telescope is correctly made, all X-rays coming from a certain direction, and entering any part of any of the mirrors, should go to the same focus. The specification requires that any spread at the focus should be less than a millimetre. The optical quality is tested first in a special apparatus at LiŠge called FOCAL X, and then at the Panter X-ray facility at Neuried in Germany. "We take pride and satisfaction in helping to develop such remarkable telescopes," says Claude Jamar, director of CSL. "While others pioneered the methods of fabrication, here in LiŠge we had to invent novel ways of checking the performance. We use a wide beam of very short ultraviolet wavelengths to simulate X-rays, and verify the focus of each part of each XMM telescope." About the Centre Spatial de Liège As a laboratory unique in western Europe, CSL is run by the Université de Liège as one of ESA's coordinated test facilities.Optical instruments for space missions can be checked with high accuracy, under a high vacuum that simulates the airless conditions in space. ESA relies upon CSL for testing important optical components for many spacecraft. The long list includes the radiometer of the Meteosat weather satellite, the camera for Giotto which obtained unique pictures of Halley's Comet, and the telescopes of the Hipparcos star-fixing mission and the Infrared Space Observatory ISO. CSL was an early recruit to the Europe-wide teams of scientists and engineers who are creating the XMM spacecraft and its instruments. Other optical devices currently under evaluation by CSL include the experimental laser system SILEX for communication between satellites, and the ozone-monitoring GOMOS instrument for ESA's environmental satellite Envisat. Media representatives

1997-05-01

114

Providing Educational Opportunity for Students Who Were Initially Ineligible to Enroll in the State University System. Research Report No. 85-15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at Miami-Dade Community College (MDCC) to assess the success of the college in offering a start for students who would not be accepted by institutions with more selective admissions policies. The study focused on all students who entered MDCC for the first time in the fall of 1981. Of the 7,097 fall 1981 freshmen, less than…

Belcher, Marcia; Losak, John

115

Special Counseling Study, Fall, 1978, Entering Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At Reedley College, those students who enter with less than a 2.0 grade point average (GPA) and those without a high school diploma are intended to be identified as "Special Counseling" students and to receive intensive counseling coverage. The files, transcripts, and permits to register of 99 such students were examined after fall semester 1978…

Clark, Robert M.

116

Turnover of First-Time Chairs in Departments of Psychiatry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors examine the tenure of first-time Chairs in academic departments of psychiatry in order to stimulate discussion on extant workforce and leadership issues. Method: Data on tenure of Chairs in psychiatry and other nonsurgical specialties were derived from the longitudinal database of the Association of American Medical Colleges…

Buckley, Peter F.; Rayburn, William F.

2011-01-01

117

Health and Safety Intervention with First-Time Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A health education program was evaluated which used child development specialists as home visitors and served a population of first-time mothers living in rural communities. The evaluation compared health and safety outcomes between intervention and control groups. The research staff, separate from the intervention staff, collected data in the…

Culp, Anne McDonald; Culp, R. E.; Anderson, J. W.; Carter, S.

2007-01-01

118

Factors influencing positive birth experiences of first-time mothers.  

PubMed

Objectives. The objective of this study was to describe first-time mothers' experiences and reflections of their first birth. Study Design. This study is a part of a larger study which was carried out in southwestern Sweden in 2008. A qualitative method with content analysis was chosen for this study. The unit of data was 14 written narratives from the first-time mothers. Results. The theme "To be empowered increases first-time mothers' chances for a positive birth experience" crossed over into all the three categories: "To trust the body and to face the pain," "Interaction between body and mind in giving birth," and "Consistency of support." Conclusion. In order to feel confident in their first childbirth, the women wanted to be confirmed and seen as unique individuals by the professionals and their partner. If professionals responded to the individual woman's needs of support, the woman more often had a positive birth experience, even if the birth was protracted or with medical complications. PMID:24175090

Nilsson, Lena; Thorsell, Tina; Hertfelt Wahn, Elisabeth; Ekström, Anette

2013-01-01

119

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INSTRUCTION IN AGRICULTURAL MECHANICS FOR VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE STUDENTS IN ARKANSAS WHO ENTER NON-FARMING OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A NEW PROGRAM, A STUDY WAS MADE TO DETERMINE -- (1) OCCUPATIONS ENTERED, (2) EFFECT OF NUMBER OF YEARS IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE ON OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE, (3) MECHANICAL SKILLS USEFUL IN THE OCCUPATION, (4) ADDITIONAL SKILLS NEEDED, AND (5) CHANGES NEEDED IN THE COURSE OF STUDY. THE SAMPLE INCLUDED 802 FORMER…

ROBERTS, ROY W.

120

An Analysis of an Educational Questionnaire Prepared to Discover in What Areas Essex County College Students Needed Counseling Before Entering College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational questionnaire was designed and administered to students at Essex County College. The questionnaire was divided into three areas: educational, vocational, and psychosocial. A total of 134 students returned the questionnaire. Their answers showed the areas in which they needed pre-entrance counseling to be in the following order of…

Coleman, Thomas R.

121

Translating Success: How Careful Planning within a Problems-Based Curriculum Can Prepare Students to Enter College-Level Math Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amy Biehl High School (ABHS) is a charter high school located in downtown Albuquerque that serves students from Albuquerque and the surrounding communities. Despite its population's differences in skills, special needs, socioeconomic class, race, culture, and English proficiency, it has one common goal for all its students: that they are able to…

Fillmore, Jessica

2007-01-01

122

Profile of Degree/Certificate-Seeking Entering Undergraduate Students, by Control and Level of Institution. Web Tables. NCES 2011-252  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Right to Know Act requires institutions that participate in any student financial assistance program under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (as amended) to disclose graduation rates. To assist institutions in meeting this requirement, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) collects these rates as part of the…

Ginder, Scott; Mason, Marcinda

2011-01-01

123

Much Ado about €500: Do Tuition Fees Keep German Students from Entering University? Evidence from a Natural Experiment Using DiD Matching Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper estimates the effect of tuition fees on enrolment behaviour among prospective students in Germany. According to the rational choice theory (RCT), we argue that due to the higher costs brought on by such fees tuition fees should have a negative effect on student's enrolment. This should be even more pronounced among prospective…

Baier, Tina; Helbig, Marcel

2014-01-01

124

Spring Research Festival Sponsored by NICBR for First Time | Poster  

Cancer.gov

For the past 16 years, the annual Spring Research Festival has been sponsored by NCI at Frederick and Fort Detrick to acquaint fellow researchers, students, and the community at large with the important discoveries being made at this facility to fight cancer, AIDS, and other infectious diseases.

125

First time comet observations from National Observatory of Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We performed first time scientific comet observations from Tübitak National Observatory (TUG), Turkey using two telescopes of that facility. In order to test the capabilities of the instruments we performed a long comet monitoring campaign from October 2013 to January 2014. We observed many comets, including but not limited to C/2012 S1 ISON, 154P Brewington, and C/2013 R1 Lovejoy. All comets were monitored for several nights with the Bessel R, V, B filters from the 1 meter (T100) and 1.5 meters (RTT150) telescopes. Additionally, we acquired the first spectroscopic observations of a comet from TUG, using TUG Faint Object Spectrograph (TFOSC with grism between 3230-9120 Å) mounted on RTT150. With these observations, we could assess the quality of TUG instruments for cometary science, and identified a few limitations. We propose some technical improvements for future comet observations. These will open new observational opportunities to Turkish astronomers and a participation to international campaigns on cometary science.

Oklay, N.; Vincent, J.-B.

2014-04-01

126

Welcome Class of 2017! As an entering Dartmouth College student there are specific immunization and health requirements you must satisfy prior  

E-print Network

immunization and health requirements you must satisfy prior to the start of classes. By following) Immunization Form for Undergraduate Students (2 pages) Tuberculosis (TB) Screening Form and countries with high are not in compliance with health and immunization requirements prior to the deadline you risk having a health hold

127

Learning and Teaching: Where Does Einstein's Concept of Learning about "Service of Our Fellow Man" Enter into Our Discussions about Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this paper discusses the significance of Albert Einstein's concept of learning about "service of our fellow man" into the discussions about student achievement. Albert Einstein wrote in 1954 of what he considered an evil of modern life--that the "individual feels more than ever dependent on society, but it is not felt in the positive…

Manthey, George

2005-01-01

128

ROLES OF PROFESSIONAL SCIENTISTS AND RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS IN THE EDUCATION OF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES PREPARING TO ENTER THE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS WORKFORCE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Scientists at the Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, FL have developed considerable experience in organizing and carrying out science education outreach activities for minority and disabled students. The author was invited to participate in a symposium on the ...

129

FACTBOOK 2013-2014 Admissions Admissions and Enrollment of Entering First-Year and Transfer Students by Race/Ethnicity, Gender and Level  

E-print Network

Students by Race/Ethnicity, Gender and Level Fall 2012 - Fall 2013 First-Year Transfer Acc. Acc. Race/ Rate/Latino of any race 2,753 1,329 219 48.3 16.5 221 126 65 57.0 51.6 Two or More Races, Non- Hispanic/Latino 972.3 54.1 Non-Resident Alien 1,771 844 103 47.7 12.2 200 81 23 40.5 28.4 Race/Ethnicity Unknown 3,117 2

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

130

Chandra "Hears" A Black Hole For The First Time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory detected sound waves, for the first time, from a super-massive black hole. The "note" is the deepest ever detected from an object in the universe. The tremendous amounts of energy carried by these sound waves may solve a longstanding problem in astrophysics. The black hole resides in the Perseus cluster, located 250 million light years from Earth. In 2002, astronomers obtained a deep Chandra observation that shows ripples in the gas filling the cluster. These ripples are evidence for sound waves that have traveled hundreds of thousands of light years away from the cluster's central black hole. perseus animation Illustration of Ripples in Perseus "We have observed the prodigious amounts of light and heat created by black holes, now we have detected the sound," said Andrew Fabian of the Institute of Astronomy (IoA) in Cambridge, England, and leader of the study. In musical terms, the pitch of the sound generated by the black hole translates into the note of B flat. But, a human would have no chance of hearing this cosmic performance, because the note is 57 octaves lower than middle-C (by comparison a typical piano contains only about seven octaves). At a frequency over a million, billion times deeper than the limits of human hearing, this is the deepest note ever detected from an object in the universe. "The Perseus sound waves are much more than just an interesting form of black hole acoustics," said Steve Allen, also of the IoA and a co-investigator in the research. "These sound waves may be the key in figuring out how galaxy clusters, the largest structures in the universe, grow," Allen said. For years astronomers have tried to understand why there is so much hot gas in galaxy clusters and so little cool gas. Hot gas glowing with X-rays should cool, and the dense central gas should cool the fastest. The pressure in this cool central gas should then fall, causing gas further out to sink in towards the galaxy, forming trillions of stars along the way. Scant evidence has been found for such a flow of cool gas or star formation. This forced astronomers to invent several different ways to explain why the gas contained in clusters remained hot, and, until now, none of them was satisfactory. perseus animation Animation of Sound Waves Generated in Perseus Cluster of Ripples in Perseus Heating caused by a central black hole has long been considered a good way to prevent cluster gas from cooling. Although jets have been observed at radio wavelengths, their effect on cluster gas was unclear since this gas is only detectable in X-rays, and early X-ray observations did not have Chandra's ability to find detailed structure. Previous Chandra observations of the Perseus cluster showed two vast, bubble-shaped cavities in the cluster gas extending away from the central black hole. Jets of material pushing back the cluster gas have formed these X-ray cavities, which are bright sources of radio waves. They have long been suspected of heating the surrounding gas, but the mechanism was unknown. The sound waves, seen spreading out from the cavities in the recent Chandra observation, could provide this heating mechanism. A tremendous amount of energy is needed to generate the cavities, as much as the combined energy from 100 million supernovae. Much of this energy is carried by the sound waves and should dissipate in the cluster gas, keeping the gas warm and possibly preventing a cooling flow. If so, the B-flat pitch of the sound wave, 57 octaves below middle-C, would have remained roughly constant for about 2.5 billion years. Perseus is the brightest cluster of galaxies in X-rays, and therefore was a perfect Chandra target for finding sound waves rippling through the hot cluster gas. Other clusters show X-ray cavities, and future Chandra observations may yet detect sound waves in these objects.

2003-09-01

131

Teaching to learn: Analyzing the experiences of first-time physics learning assistants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Colorado Learning Assistant (LA) Model has demonstrated that it is successful in helping to meet multiple goals including enhancing student learning in LA-supported courses, increasing conceptual understanding of physics among LAs, and improving the teaching practices of former LAs in K-12 schools. The research reported here investigated the experiences of first-time physics LAs taking into account the goals of the program, the learning philosophies implicit in the design of the LA experience, and the learning philosophies embedded in materials used in the physics department's implementation of the LA model. Through interviews and analysis of LAs' written reflections, two generalized models were established. These models represent the views of teaching and learning that undergraduate students generated throughout their first semester serving as LAs in Physics 1110. LAs' views and experiences, and the philosophy that drives the LA model are described as they pertain to a spectrum of views of formative assessment found in the literature. Inferences are made about the importance of the participatory learning model that drives the LA program. Finally, the value of the program for science education more broadly and the dependence of formative assessment sophistication on the teachers' understanding of science will be discussed.

Gray, Kara Elizabeth

132

Perceived stress and physio-psycho-social status of nursing students during their initial period of clinical practice: the effect of coping behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial clinical practice is stressful. Nursing students entering clinical practice for the first time in a five-year associate degree program in Taiwan are young and have questionable coping skills, all of which can affect their own health. This study examined the following: (1) the degree of stress perceived and types of stressful events; (2) the physio-psycho-social status of nursing students

Sheila Sheu; Huey-Shyan Lin; Shiow-Li Hwang

2002-01-01

133

Enteral histaminosis: Clinical implications.  

PubMed

There is increasing evidence that enteral histaminosis is a major cause of food intolerance resulting from dysfunctional metabolism of endogenous histamine in certain food stuffs. However, this phenomenon has been poorly characterised and, due to the lack of epidemiological data, the existence of this condition has been underestimated, which may lead to incorrect diagnosis. This short commentary highlights a stricter regimen of diagnostic procedure in order to take into account the many causes of food intolerance. The underlying mechanisms ascribed particularly to non-immunologically food reactions require more rigorous research and further work is vital. PMID:10442479

Amon, U; Bangha, E; Küster, T; Menne, A; Vollrath, I B; Gibbs, B F

1999-06-01

134

Evaluation of an Online Alcohol Education Program for First-Time-in-College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was guided by a research question regarding the efficacy of the AlcoholEdu program in increasing the use of protective behaviors among incoming college freshman of different drinking risk groups. Specifically, the researcher sought to determine which drinker risk groups, if any, showed the greatest degree of willingness to change…

Reiss, Elayne

2011-01-01

135

Enteric hepatitis viruses  

PubMed Central

Hepatitis viruses are infectious agents that can infect liver and cause inflammation. The infection triggers immune response against infected cells that leads to the destruction of hepatic cells. This destruction has two consequences: leaking ALT and AST liver enzymes which increases during the course of disease and accumulation of bilirubin- a red pigmented compound released from dead red cells- which causes the yellow coloration of eyes and skin. These viruses transmit through diverse routes i.e. blood transfusion, sexual contacts and consuming water or food contaminated by feces. Enteric hepatitis viruses use the latter route for transmission; hence their outbreaks are more common in underdeveloped countries. There are currently two distinguished enteric hepatitis viruses, hepatitis A and hepatitis E. These viruses belong to different family of viruses and their epidemiological characteristics are different. These infections can be diagnosed by an ELISA for IgM antibody. A vaccine has been developed in last decade of twentieth century for hepatitis A virus, which is administered mostly in the developed world i.e. U.S and Japan. Treatment for these infections is mostly supportive; however, in the case of fulminant hepatitis the liver transplantation might be necessary. PMID:24834192

Tahaei, Seyed Mohammad Ebrahim; Zali, Mohammad Reza

2012-01-01

136

[Enteral tube feeding].  

PubMed

Tube feeding is an integral part of medical therapies, and can be easily managed also in the outpatient setting. Tube feeding by the stomach or small intestine with nasogastral or nasojejunal tubes is common in clinical practice. Long-term nutrition is usually provided through a permanent tube, i. e. a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). Modern portable nutrition pumps are used to cover the patient's nutritional needs. Enteral nutrition is always indicated if patients can not or should not eat or if nutritional requirements cannot be covered within 3 days after an intervention, e. g. after abdominal surgery. Industrially produced tube feedings with defined substrate concentrations are being used; different compositions of nutrients, such as glutamine fish oil etc., are used dependent on the the condition of the patient. Enteral nutrition may be associated with complications of the tube, e. g. dislocation, malposition or obstruction, as well as the feeding itself, e. g.hyperglycaemia, electrolyte disturbances, refeeding syndrome diarrhea or aspiration). However, the benefit of tube feeding usually exceeds the potential harm substantially. PMID:24568855

Haller, Alois

2014-03-01

137

Gen Ed Planning Sheet for Freshmen & Transfer Students Entering in Fall 2006 As part of Binghamton University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses in the  

E-print Network

University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses on Gen Ed is online at gened.binghamton.edu General Education Requirement Fulfilled By Aesthetics (A of four or more units of one high school foreign language with a course grade in the fourth year of 85

Suzuki, Masatsugu

138

Gen Ed Planning Sheet for Freshmen & Transfer Students Entering in Fall 2007 As part of Binghamton University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses in the  

E-print Network

University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses on Gen Ed is online at gened.binghamton.edu General Education Requirement Fulfilled By Aesthetics (A of four or more units of one high school foreign language with a course grade in the fourth year of 85

Suzuki, Masatsugu

139

Gen Ed Planning Sheet for Freshmen & Transfer Students Entering in Fall 2005 As part of Binghamton University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses in the following  

E-print Network

University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses on Gen Ed is online at gened.binghamton.edu General Education Requirement Fulfilled By Aesthetics (A of four or more units of one high school foreign language with a course grade in the fourth year of 85

Suzuki, Masatsugu

140

Gen Ed Planning Sheet for Freshmen & Transfer Students Entering in Fall 2004 As part of Binghamton University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses in the  

E-print Network

University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses on Gen Ed is online at gened.binghamton.edu General Education Requirement Fulfilled By Aesthetics (A of four or more units of one high school foreign language with a course grade in the fourth year of 85

Suzuki, Masatsugu

141

Microbiology Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class  

E-print Network

Microbiology Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Admissions data for Biological and Biomedical Sciences can be found here. Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 19 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 4 Median years to Ph.D. 5.7 Percent of students awarded Ph.D. 94

142

Enteric neurons show a primary cilium  

PubMed Central

The primary cilium is a non-motile cilium whose structure is 9+0. It is involved in co-ordinating cellular signal transduction pathways, developmental processes and tissue homeostasis. Defects in the structure or function of the primary cilium underlie numerous human diseases, collectively termed ciliopathies. The presence of single cilia in the central nervous system (CNS) is well documented, including some choroid plexus cells, neural stem cells, neurons and astrocytes, but the presence of primary cilia in differentiated neurons of the enteric nervous system (ENS) has not yet been described in mammals to the best of our knowledge. The enteric nervous system closely resembles the central nervous system. In fact, the ultrastructure of the ENS is more similar to the CNS ultrastructure than to the rest of the peripheral nervous system. This research work describes for the first time the ultrastructural characteristics of the single cilium in neurons of rat duodenum myenteric plexus, and reviews the cilium function in the CNS to propose the possible role of cilia in the ENS cells. PMID:23205631

Luesma, Mª José; Cantarero, Irene; Castiella, Tomás; Soriano, Mario; Garcia–Verdugo, José Manuel; Junquera, Concepción

2013-01-01

143

Graduate Enrollment in Science and Engineering Increases for the First Time Since 1993  

NSF Publications Database

... in Science and Engineering Increases for the First Time Since 1993 (January 11, 2001) This Data ... is available in multiple formats. See Help for more information about viewing publications in ...

144

Pre-purchase satisfaction and first-time buyer behaviour: some preliminary evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the customer satisfaction\\/dissatisfaction literature is extensive and continually expanding, there has been little focus on pre-purchase satisfaction of first-time buyers and its likely impact on buying behaviour. Applies a field-based approach to examine and assess the nature of pre-purchase satisfaction and investigate its impact on first-time buyer behaviour. Indicates that pre-purchase satisfaction can be distinguished from anticipated satisfaction and

Antonis Simintiras; Adamantios Diamantopoulos; Judith Ferriday

1997-01-01

145

First-Time Parents Are Not Well Enough Prepared for the Safety of Their Infant  

PubMed Central

Background Unintentional falls and poisonings are major causes of death and disability among infants. Although guidelines are available to prevent these injuries, safety behaviours are not performed by parents, causing unnecessary risks. Little is known about safety behaviours of first-time parents and whether they behave according to these guidelines. Aims/Objectives/Purpose The objective of this study was to compare safety behaviours of first-time parents with those of non-first-time parents and to determine correlates of unsafe behaviour of parents of infants. We used self-report questionnaires to assess safety behaviours in a cross-sectional study sample. Methods A total of 1439 parents visiting a preventive youth healthcare centre in the Netherlands were invited to complete a questionnaire with regard to the prevention of falls and poisonings. Parents were categorized into first-time parents and non-first-time parents. Correlates of parents' child safety behaviours were determined using multiple logistic regression analyses. Results/Outcome Most respondents were mothers (93.2%); 48.2% of families were first-time parents. The mean age of the infants was 7.2 months (SD 1.1; range 4–12), 51.8% were boys, and 34.5% of infants could crawl. First-time parents were more likely not to have a stair gate installed (OR 16.46; 95% CI 12.36–21.93); were more likely to store cleaning products unsafely (OR 4.55; 95% CI 3.59–5.76); and were more likely to store medicines unsafely (OR 2.90; 95% CI 2.31–3.63) than non-first-time parents. First-time parents were more likely to not have a window guard installed (OR 1.52; 95% CI 1.08–2.15) (all P<0.05). Discussion/Conclusion First-time parents are not well prepared for the safety of their infant, causing unnecessary risks. The various parents' safety behaviours were influenced by different variables, for example, age of the infant, crawling of the infant, mother's educational level, mother's ethnicity, self-efficacy, vulnerability, severity. PMID:23483969

van Beelen, Mirjam E. J.; Beirens, Tinneke M. J.; den Hertog, Paul; van Beeck, Eduard F.; Raat, Hein

2013-01-01

146

2014 Registration Dates for New Postgraduate Students (students registering for the first time) Description Date Time Venue  

E-print Network

) Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Sport Management and Tourism & Events Management Information Systems, Computer) Description Date Time Venue Actuarial Science : MPhil in Mathematical Finance All other Act Sci qualifications:00 ­ 16:00 09:00 ­ 10:30 13h00-15h30 09:00 ­ 15:00 09:00 ­ 15:00 Leslie Social Science Foyer Caltex

Jarrett, Thomas H.

147

Comparing Entering Freshmen's Perceptions of Campus Marijuana and Alcohol Use to Reported Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of marijuana and alcohol among current college students (N = 1101) was compared to the perceptions and use of entering freshmen (N = 481) surveyed before the start of classes. Entering freshmen significantly misperceived campus norms for marijuana use, over-estimating that almost every student used in the last 30 days, p less than 0.001.…

Gold, Gregg J.; Nguyen, Alyssa T.

2009-01-01

148

Promotion Rates for First-time Assistant and Associate Professors Appointed from 1967 to 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To provide benchmark information against which medical schools can compare their own promotion data, this Analysis in Brief examines the 10-year promotion outcomes of full-time faculty who were first-time assistant professors or first-time associate professors at any time from 1967 to 1997. We suspect that the changing landscape of academic medicine in recent decades provides important context for our findings, such as changes in the demographics of faculty, the meaning of tenure, faculty productivity, the importance of work-life balance, and the growth of Ph.D. faculty in clinical departments. We tracked every first-time assistant professor or first-time associate professor appointed during the academic years 1967 to 1997 for 10 years in the AAMCÂ?s Faculty Roster, the only national database on the employment, training, and demographic backgrounds of individual U.S. medical school faculty. The results indicated generally declining promotion rates and increasing average times to promotion for medical school faculty. For all first-time assistant professors, the average 10-year promotion rates declined from 43.5 to 32.8 percent, and the average time to promotion for these respective groups of cohorts lengthened from 5.2 to 6.2 years for the group cohorts in the study period. For all first-time associate professors, the average promotion rate to full professor declined from 41.7 percent to 38.6 percent, and the average time to promotion increased from 5.7 to 6.1 years for the group cohorts in the study period. Different promotion rates with regard to tenure status, gender, and race/ethnicity were also recorded.

PhD Christine Qi Liu (AAMC)

2010-05-01

149

Enteric viruses of chickens and turkeys  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Although enteric disease in commercial poultry operations is common, and often unofficially reported and discussed by field veterinarians as “non-specific enteric disease”, three recognized enteric syndromes do exist in poultry: poult enteritis complex (PEC) and poult enteritis mortality syndrome (P...

150

The enter-educate approach.  

PubMed

This article describes how the Population Communication Services (PCS) has seized on the "enter-educate" approach, the blending of popular entertainment with social messages, to change reproductive health behavior. The enter-educate approach spreads its message through songs, soap operas, variety shows, and other types of popular entertainment mediums. Because they entertain, enter-educate projects can capture the attention of an audience -- such as young people -- who would otherwise scorn social messages. And the use of population mediums makes it possible to reach a variety of audiences. Funded by USAID, PCS began its first enter-educate project in response to the increasing number of teenage pregnancies in Latin America. PCS developed 2 songs and videos, which featured popular teenage singers to serve as role models, to urge abstinence. The songs became instant hits. Since then, PCS has mounted more then 80 major projects in some 40 countries. Highlights of programs range from a successful multi-media family planning campaign in Turkey to humorous television ads in Brazil promoting vasectomy. Recently, PCS initiated projects to teach AIDS awareness. At the core of the enter-educate approach is the social learning theory which holds that much behavior is learned through the observation of role-models. Health professionals work alongside entertainers to produce works that have audience appeal and factual social messages. The enter-educate approach works because it is popular, pervasive, personal, persuasive, and profitable. PCS has found that enter-educate programs pay for themselves through cost sharing and cost recovery. PMID:12284960

Piotrow, P T; Coleman, P L

1992-03-01

151

A home visitation program welcomes home first-time moms and their infants.  

PubMed

This article describes a creative maternal and infant home visiting program for first-time parents. Two-year outcomes indicate the program improved parents' infant safety knowledge, positively affected the mother's decision to breastfeed, and promoted infant primary care visits in a cost-effective way. PMID:15891472

Hedges, Susan; Simmes, Diana; Martinez, Annamarie; Linder, Cindy; Brown, Sheila

2005-05-01

152

For first time since 2007, food stamp use drops in state, Palm Beach County  

E-print Network

For first time since 2007, food stamp use drops in state, Palm Beach County March 13, 2013|By Donna in Palm Beach County fell in February, according to data from the Florida Department of Children from last year when the number of food stamp recipients in Palm Beach County jumped nearly 14 percent

Fernandez, Eduardo

153

Age of Inhalant First Time Use and Its Association to the Use of Other Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inhalants are the 4th most commonly abused drugs after alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Although inhalants are often referred as Gateway Drugs this hypothesis is less examined. Using the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data, age of first time inhalant use was compared with the age of onset of other drugs among 6466 inhalant users who…

Ding, Kele; Chang, G. Andy; Southerland, Ron

2009-01-01

154

Use of Music Intervention for Reducing Anxiety and Promoting Satisfaction in First-Time Filipino Fathers.  

PubMed

Childbirth is an anxiety-provoking event in a man's life. Therefore, strategies to decrease paternal anxiety during childbirth are necessary. This study determined the effects of music and satisfaction of first-time Filipino fathers during childbirth. In the study, a prospective quasi-experimental design was utilized. Ninety-eight purposive samples of first-time fathers were included in the study, 50 were allocated in the experimental group (music group) and 48 in the control group (nonmusic group) during the months of August to October 2013. Paternal anxiety and satisfaction were measured using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Visual Analogue Scale for Satisfaction, respectively. Results revealed that the first-time fathers in the experimental group had lower State Trait Anxiety Inventory scores (p < .05) and higher Visual Analogue Scale for Satisfaction scores (p < .05) than those in the control group. Findings of the study provide substantial evidence to support the use of music in reducing anxiety and promoting satisfaction among first-time fathers during childbirth. PMID:25432465

Labrague, Leodoro J; McEnroe-Petitte, Denise M

2014-11-27

155

For the first time, researchers at Yale Cancer Center have captured dynamic images of stem cell  

E-print Network

For the first time, researchers at Yale Cancer Center have captured dynamic images of stem cell behave in some ways like stem cells, researchers have long suspected a link between the two. This breakthrough opens new opportunities to study the signals and pathways used by stem cells to turn cell growth

Lee, Daeyeol

156

Using Technology-Based Strategies to Change Drug-Related Attitudes and First-Time Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that a solid pre-trial drug intervention program is a vital first step in educating first-time offenders about the seriousness of drug abuse and criminal behavior, staff at the Intervention Program for Substance Abusers in Montgomery County, Maryland's Department of Correction and Rehabilitation decided that better strategies were…

Stevenson, Ben; Roblyer, M. D.

2006-01-01

157

Reduced Recidivism among First-Time DWI Offenders as a Correlate of Pre-Trial Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines recidivism rates for 3,994 first-time, driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) offenders. Results indicate that convicted DWI offenders placed on probation had a 47% greater risk of a re-arrest for DWI than did individuals who completed a pretrial intervention (PTI) program. Discusses the utility of a PTI alternative. (RJM)

Lucker, G. William; Osti, James R.

1997-01-01

158

Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. METHOD: An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409

Li Ming Wen; Victoria M Flood; Judy M Simpson; Chris Rissel; Louise A Baur

2010-01-01

159

Does Home Visiting Benefit Only First-Time Mothers?: Evidence from Healthy Families Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a common assumption that mothers who have had previous births would participate less fully and have poorer outcomes from early home visitation programs than would first-time mothers. The authors conducted a qualitative and quantitative study to test that assumption by measuring three aspects of participation: time in the program, the number…

Huntington, Lee; Galano, Joseph

2013-01-01

160

First-Time Mothers' Knowledge and Beliefs Regarding Early Communication Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited literature exists in the Australian context about first-time mothers' knowledge of early communication milestones, their strategies to facilitate speech and language development and understanding of the relationship between early communication skills and future development. A cross-sectional online survey was administered to 53…

Williams, Vicki; Pearce, Wendy M.; Devine, Sue

2014-01-01

161

New enteral connectors raising awareness.  

PubMed

Small-bore connectors, in the past, have enabled misconnections between therapeutic systems that should not connect. Many enteral misconnections have been reported with subsequent frequent fatal outcomes. New enteral connectors have been designed via an International Organization of Standardization (ISO) standards development process. The new patient access connectors will be in the marketplace soon for the purpose of improving patient safety. Becoming aware of the changes and planning for them within your facility or agency will ease the transition to these new devices while continuing enteral nutrition support. Clinicians should look for education and information from appropriate resources and work with their suppliers to see when these changes will come to their institution or agency. PMID:25606642

Guenter, Peggi

2014-10-01

162

New Enteral Connectors: Raising Awareness.  

PubMed

Small-bore connectors, in the past, have enabled misconnections between therapeutic systems that should not connect. Many enteral misconnections have been reported with subsequent frequent fatal outcomes. New enteral connectors have been designed via an International Organization of Standardization (ISO) standards development process. The new patient access connectors will be in the marketplace soon for the purpose of improving patient safety. Becoming aware of the changes and planning for them within your facility or agency will ease the transition to these new devices while continuing enteral nutrition support. Clinicians should look for education and information from appropriate resources and work with their suppliers to see when these changes will come to their institution or agency. PMID:25139947

Guenter, Peggi

2014-08-19

163

Melioidosis masquerading as enteric fever.  

PubMed

Melioidosis is endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia, but it has been rarely reported from India. Recent reports have shown that melioidosis is an emerging infection in this part of the world, but enteric fever is more commonly seen in India. We present a 50-year-old male with diabetes who presented with acute onset of febrile illness. Preliminary investigations were suggestive of enteric fever, and he showed a partial response to parenteral ceftriaxone; however, it later turned out that he had melioidosis. The widal titres were persistently elevated even following treatment with meropenem. PMID:19121671

Valsalan, Rohith; Seshadri, Shubha; Pandit, Vinay R

2008-12-01

164

The "Turning Point" for Minority Pre-Meds: The Effect of Early Undergraduate Experience in the Sciences on Aspirations to Enter Medical School of Minority Students at UC Berkeley and Stanford University. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.20.08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of California faces the challenge of increasing the diversity of students graduating from its medical schools while also adhering to mandated restrictions on the use of race or ethnicity in the admissions process. Students from diverse backgrounds who gain admission as undergraduates to UC Berkeley and express an early interest in a…

Barr, Donald A.; Matsui, John

2008-01-01

165

Enteral Tube Feeding and Pneumonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the effects of enteral tube feeding on the incidence of pneumonia, we performed a retrospective review of all clients at our institution who had gastrostomy or jejunostomy tubes placed over a 10-year period. Ninety-three subjects had a history of pneumonia before feeding tube insertion. Eighty had gastrostomy and 13, jejunostomy…

Gray, David Sheridan; Kimmel, David

2006-01-01

166

First-time-in-human dose selection: allometric thoughts and perspectives.  

PubMed

Some of the many factors that influence dose selection in first-time-in-human studies are examined. These include animal toxicology, toxicokinetics, allometric scaling, pharmacokinetics, body surface area correlations, and integration of preclinical pharmacologic and toxicologic data. Appropriate preclinical evaluation and analysis may reduce the frequency and severity of unexpected toxic events arising during single-dose, phase I testing. However, significant intrinsic uncertainties in this process presently exist and will continue to exist well into the foreseeable future. With our present state of knowledge, we cannot provide a realistic and reasonable algorithm for ascertaining first-time-in-human doses: any decision tree would be too unwieldy. There are several rules of thumb that do have a place in the evaluation and decision-making process, however. PMID:8568013

Boxenbaum, H; DiLea, C

1995-10-01

167

Sensitivity of the Breastfeeding Motivational Measurement Scale: A Known Group Analysis of First Time Mothers  

PubMed Central

Breastfeeding has immense public health value for mothers, babies, and society. But there is an undesirably large gap between the number of new mothers who undertake and persist in breastfeeding compared to what would be a preferred level of accomplishment. This gap is a reflection of the many obstacles, both physical and psychological, that confront new mothers. Previous research has illuminated many of these concerns, but research on this problem is limited in part by the unavailability of a research instrument that can measure the key differences between first-time mothers and experienced mothers, with regard to the challenges they face when breastfeeding and the instructional advice they require. An instrument was designed to measure motivational complexity associated with sustained breast feeding behaviour; the Breastfeeding Motivational Measurement Scale. It contains 51 self-report items (7 point Likert scale) that cluster into four categories related to perceived value of breast-feeding, confidence to succeed, factors that influence success or failure, and strength of intentions, or goal. However, this scale has not been validated in terms of its sensitivity to profile the motivation of new mothers and experienced mothers. This issue was investigated by having 202 breastfeeding mothers (100 first time mothers) fill out the scale. The analysis reported in this paper is a three factor solution consisting of value, midwife support, and expectancies for success that explained the characteristics of first time mothers as a known group. These results support the validity of the BMM scale as a diagnostic tool for research on first time mothers who are learning to breastfeed. Further research studies are required to further test the validity of the scale in additional subgroups. PMID:24391731

Stockdale, Janine; Sinclair, Marlene; Kernohan, George; McCrum-Gardner, Evie; Keller, John

2013-01-01

168

Robot-directed speech: Using language to assess first-time users' conceptualizations of a robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is expected that in the near-future people will have daily natural language interactions with robots. However, we know very little about how users feel they should talk to robots, especially users who have never before interacted with a robot. The present study evaluated first-time users' expectations about a robot's cognitive and communicative capabilities by comparing robot-directed speech to the

Sarah Kriz; Gregory Anderson; J. Gregory Trafton

2010-01-01

169

Robot-directed speech: using language to assess first-time users' conceptualizations of a robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is expected that in the near-future people will have daily natural language interactions with robots. However, we know very little about how users feel they should talk to robots, especially users who have never before interacted with a robot. The present study evaluated first-time users' expectations about a robot's cognitive and communicative capabilities by comparing robot-directed speech to the

Sarah Kriz; Gregory Anderson; J. Gregory Trafton

2010-01-01

170

Do first-time breeding females imprint on their own eggs?  

PubMed

The egg-recognition processes underlying egg rejection are assumed to be based on an imprinting-like process (a female learning the aspect of her own eggs during her first breeding attempt). The imprinting-like process and the misimprinting costs have been the objective of many theoretical models and frequently have a leading role in papers published on brood parasitism; however, an experiment has never been undertaken to test the existence of this imprinting-like process by manipulating egg appearance in first-time breeding females. Here, we present the first such experimental study using the house sparrow (Passer domesticus), which is a conspecific brood parasite and which has a good ability to reject conspecific eggs, as a model species. We found that contrary to what the hypothesis predicts first-time breeding females did not reject their own eggs in their second breeding attempt. This lack of response against unmanipulated eggs could indicate that females have an innate preference for their own eggs. However, in a second experimental group in which first-time breeding females were allowed to learn the aspect of their (unmanipulated) own eggs, none ejected manipulated eggs during their second clutch either--a finding that does not support the idea of recognition templates being inherited, but instead suggests that recognition templates could be acquired again at each new breeding attempt. Our results demonstrate that it is likely that egg discrimination is not influenced by egg appearance in the first breeding attempt. PMID:23235707

Soler, Manuel; Ruiz-Castellano, Cristina; Carra, Laura G; Ontanilla, Juan; Martín-Galvez, David

2013-02-01

171

Do first-time breeding females imprint on their own eggs?  

PubMed Central

The egg-recognition processes underlying egg rejection are assumed to be based on an imprinting-like process (a female learning the aspect of her own eggs during her first breeding attempt). The imprinting-like process and the misimprinting costs have been the objective of many theoretical models and frequently have a leading role in papers published on brood parasitism; however, an experiment has never been undertaken to test the existence of this imprinting-like process by manipulating egg appearance in first-time breeding females. Here, we present the first such experimental study using the house sparrow (Passer domesticus), which is a conspecific brood parasite and which has a good ability to reject conspecific eggs, as a model species. We found that contrary to what the hypothesis predicts first-time breeding females did not reject their own eggs in their second breeding attempt. This lack of response against unmanipulated eggs could indicate that females have an innate preference for their own eggs. However, in a second experimental group in which first-time breeding females were allowed to learn the aspect of their (unmanipulated) own eggs, none ejected manipulated eggs during their second clutch either—a finding that does not support the idea of recognition templates being inherited, but instead suggests that recognition templates could be acquired again at each new breeding attempt. Our results demonstrate that it is likely that egg discrimination is not influenced by egg appearance in the first breeding attempt. PMID:23235707

Soler, Manuel; Ruiz-Castellano, Cristina; Carra, Laura G.; Ontanilla, Juan; Martín-Galvez, David

2013-01-01

172

Existential meaning among first-time full-term and preterm mothers: a questionnaire study.  

PubMed

Research indicates that childbirth is a time when a woman might experience existential disruptions and gain new perspectives on life. The 2-fold aim of this study was to investigate whether attitudes related to existential meaning among first-time mothers intensify and whether they differ between mothers who gave birth at full term and those who gave birth preterm. All first-time mothers who gave birth in Denmark in 2010 before the 32nd week of pregnancy and twice that number of full-term mothers (randomly sampled) were invited to participate in a national cross-sectional survey. Five core items concerning meaning in life, vulnerability of life, responsibility, thoughts about life and death, and "something bigger than oneself" were analyzed to compare mothers' attitudes on existential meaning. The overall response rate was 57% (517/913). Contrary to the hypothesis, attitudes related to existential meaning intensified to the same degree among mothers of full-term and preterm infants, with no statistically significant differences in terms of age, marital status, educational level, or birth method. Danish first-time mothers' attitudes related to existential meaning measured in 5 core items were intensified and almost similar, regardless of whether they gave birth full-term or preterm. PMID:25347106

Prinds, Christina; Hvidtjørn, Dorte; Mogensen, Ole; Skytthe, Axel; Hvidt, Niels Christian

2014-01-01

173

The Perspectives of First-Time Teachers Concerning Their Assimilation into the New School Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New teachers entering the profession are leaving within their first few years, with half exiting the profession in the first five years. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine the experiences of new elementary school teachers regarding their assimilation into a new school environment. The primary research question involved…

Connelly, Megan

2012-01-01

174

Research update on the poultry enteric viruses  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Poultry enteric disease is an ongoing economic problem for the poultry industry in the United States and abroad. The etiologies of the recognized enteric disease syndromes—Poult Enteritis Complex (PEC) and Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome (PEMS) in young turkeys, and Runting-Stunting Syndrome (RSS...

175

Political Science Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class  

E-print Network

Political Science Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 637 Number of students enrolled 17 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 111 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 15 Median years to Ph.D. 6.7 Percent of students awarded Ph.D. 78% Notes: Median

176

Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 68  

E-print Network

Astronomy Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 68 Number of students enrolled 3 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 21 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 2 Median years to Ph.D. 6.3 Percent of students awarded Ph.D. 53% Notes: Median years

177

Women Entering Traditionally Male Professions: Achievement-Related Variables and Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Underrepresentation of women in higher status, traditionally male occupations has been attributed to sex-role socialization and to discrimination. Female students entering traditionally male professions may suffer many of the same pressures that have prevented other women from entering these fields. Undergraduate women (N=64) and men (N=21) in…

Gerdes, Eugenia Proctor; And Others

178

The Decision to Enter Medicine: Motivations, Social Support, and Discouragements for Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women medical students indicated that wanting to serve others, independence, and interest in science were strong motivations for entering medicine. Women, more often than men, cited the challenge of a medical career and high occupational prestige; they were also more likely to have been discouraged from entering medicine. (Author)

Kutner, Nancy G.; Brogan, Donna R.

1980-01-01

179

Major in Anything and be Pre-Law at NEBRASKA! Pre-Law is an advising category for students who are preparing to enter law school after graduation. The great part is that you can  

E-print Network

is for you. · English, Political Science, Communication Studies, or History, all are excellent majors professor. Why NEBRASKA for Pre-Law? Location ­ The State Capital provides access to a network-Law Learning Community. · Developing leadership skills by joining one of the law-related student organizations

Logan, David

180

[Cocaine-triggered ischaemic enteritis].  

PubMed

A 25-year-old woman was hospitalized repeatedly during a 5-year period due to abdominal pain, change in stool pattern, high CRP and leucocytosis. Ultrasound and small bowel examination showed oedema of terminal ileum, and morbus Crohn was initially suspected. A later ileocolonoscopy with biopsy and a pill cam capsule endoscopy were normal. In all cases the condition normalized spontaneously. A thorough interview revealed a recreational use of cocaine, and diary recordings confirmed the association between her abdominal pain and cocaine use. Ischaemic enteritis has previously been described in cocaine users. PMID:19758501

Hobolth, Lise; Bendtsen, Flemming

2009-09-14

181

[Enteral nutrition in cancer patients].  

PubMed

The significance of nutritional management in patients with malignant tumors is under-recognized due to the lack of clear evidence of a direct link with survival rate. However, for cancer patients, with markedly reduced food intake continuing for?7 days or intake of under 60% of estimated energy expenditure for?10 days, as referred to in the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, rapid implementation of nutritional support constitutes a clinically appropriate intervention. With regard to route of administration, as with other conditions, enteral nutritional management is recommended if the gastrointestinal tract is available. The utility of enteral immunonutrition formulae containing eicosapentaenoic acid and other forms of nutritional management has also recently been reported and further studies are anticipated. However, the principles of nutritional management for cancer patients comprise not simply weight increase or improvement in nutritional markers but the maintenance of patient QOL in ways that include alleviation of symptoms and antitumor therapy side-effects, and decreased risk of infection. Administration routes such as percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy should therefore also be discussed from this perspective. PMID:25335700

Suzuki, Yutaka

2014-10-01

182

NATIONAL RESPIRATORY AND ENTERIC VIRUS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System is a lab based system which monitors temporal and geographic patterns associated with the detection of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV), respiratory and enteric adenoviruses, and r...

183

Cross-cultural comparison of the information sources used by first-time and repeat travelers and its marketing implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is to investigate first-time and repeat German, French, and British travelers’ use of information sources. Three research questions are proposed to explore the differences in the use of information between repeat and first-time travelers and delineate the information usage pattern among the above three groups of travelers. Accordingly, this study analyzed the data collected from a series of

Joseph S. Chen; Dogan Gursoy

2000-01-01

184

Supporting student nurses in practice with additional online communication tools.  

PubMed

Student nurses' potential isolation and difficulties of learning on placement have been well documented and, despite attempts to make placement learning more effective, evidence indicates the continuing schism between formal learning at university and situated learning on placement. First year student nurses, entering placement for the first time, are particularly vulnerable to the vagaries of practice. During 2012 two first year student nurse seminar groups (52 students) were voluntarily recruited for a mixed method study to determine the usage of additional online communication support mechanisms (Facebook, wiki, an email group and traditional methods of support using individual email or phone) while undertaking their first five week clinical placement. The study explores the possibility of strengthening clinical learning and support by promoting the use of Web 2.0 support groups for student nurses. Results indicate a high level of interactivity in both peer and academic support in the use of Facebook and a high level of interactivity in one wiki group. Students' qualitative comments voice an appreciation of being able to access university and peer support whilst working individually on placement. Recommendations from the study challenge universities to use online communication tools already familiar to students to complement the support mechanisms that exist for practice learning. This is tempered by recognition of the responsibility of academics to ensure their students are aware of safe and effective online communication. PMID:23871299

Morley, Dawn A

2014-01-01

185

The Abundance of Lithium Measured for the First Time Beyond Our Galaxy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The discrepancy between the primordial lithium abundance derived from Population II dwarf stars and from the predictions of standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis is one of the most intriguing and challenging open questions in modern astrophysics. The use of lower red giant branch stars, instead of the usual method of observing dwarf stars, represents a new approach to attacking the problem. Lithium in distant, extragalactic stellar systems, for which observations of dwarf stars are precluded because of their faintness, becomes open for investigation. From observations with FLAMES at the VLT, we have been able to derive for the first time the initial lithium abundance in an extragalactic globular cluster, namely M54 in the Sagittarius galaxy.

Mucciarelli, A.; Salaris, M.; Bonifacio, P.; Monaco, L.; Villanova, S.

2014-12-01

186

Implant use for primary hip and knee arthroplasty: are we getting it right first time?  

PubMed

Implants used for hip and knee arthroplasties have recently come under increased scrutiny. In England, a large variety of prostheses are currently being used. With the need for savings within the NHS of up to £20 billion over the next five years, we should be 'getting it right first time' by using the most reliable implants with proven survivorship. The 8th Annual Report from the NJR (2011) reporting on prostheses used in 2010 was analysed to determine whether implants had published survivorship data. This study demonstrates that the majority of implants did have long-term results but a small percentage had no published data. The cost of these implants was calculated to see if the implants provided best value for money based on survivorship. Implant choice was also correlated to revision rates published in the NJR report (2011) to help determine whether their continued use was justified. PMID:23507062

Ng Man Sun, Stephen; Gillott, Elizabeth; Bhamra, Jagmeet; Briggs, Tim

2013-06-01

187

First time experiences using SciPy for computer vision research  

SciTech Connect

SciPy is an effective tool suite for prototyping new algorithms. We share some of our experiences using it for the first time to support our research in object detection. SciPy makes it easy to integrate C code, which is essential when algorithms operating on large data sets cannot be vectorized. Python's extensive support for operator overloading makes SciPy's syntax as succinct as its competitors, MATLAB. Octave. and R. The universality of Python. the language in which SciPy was written, gives the researcher access to a broader set of non-numerical libraries to support GUI development. interface with databases, manipulate graph structures, render 3D graphics, unpack binary files, etc. More profoundly, we found it easy to rework research code written with SciPy into a production application, deployable on numerous platforms.

Eads, Damian R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rosten, Edward J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

188

First-Time Primary Caregivers’ Experience of Caring for Young Adults With First-Episode Psychosis  

PubMed Central

Becoming a carer is associated with physical, emotional, and financial hardship, with caregivers often experiencing a maelstrom of emotions as they struggle to understand what has happened to their loved one. While the burden of caring for young people with first-episode psychosis (FEP) has been well documented, much less is known about how carers develop the strength and resilience to continue caring. This qualitative study aimed to understand the experience of 20 first-time primary caregivers of young adults with FEP. Most caregivers were female (85%, n = 17) and parents (85%, n = 17). The average length of involvement as a caregiver at an FEP service was 14.5 months. Six main themes were identified in the data, highlighting the carers’ experience in supporting young adults with FEP. Caregiving is a burdensome responsibility and is characterized as a roller coaster and unpredictable experience. Caregivers often feel responsible for the young person's illness; however, eventually most come to terms with the changes that have occurred in the young person with FEP. As a consequence of the illness, the relationship between caregiver and care recipient frequently becomes closer and deeper, although it is important that they both maintain hope for the future. These findings provide important insights into the experiences of first-time caregivers of young people with FEP, with direct implications for improving the information and support given to caregivers by FEP services, as well as the development of interventions that effectively address the unique challenges caregivers face following the onset of FEP. PMID:19679716

McCann, Terence V.; Lubman, Dan I.; Clark, Eileen

2011-01-01

189

Changes in Depressive Symptoms in First Time Mothers in Home Visitation  

PubMed Central

Objective The expansion of home visitation programs for at-risk, first-time mothers and their young children has drawn attention to the potential impact of depression on program outcomes, yet little research has examined depression in the context of home visitation. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of and changes in depressive symptoms in mothers enrolled in home visitation and identify predictors of change in symptoms over the first 9 months of service. Methods Subjects consisted of 806 at-risk, first-time mothers enrolled in a home visitation program. Self-reported depression was measured at enrollment and again 9 months later. Established clinical cutoffs were used to identify clinically elevated levels of depression. Additional measures were taken of interpersonal trauma history, concurrent intimate partner violence, and social support. Results Results indicated that (1) 45.3% of mothers had clinically elevated symptoms of depression at some point during the first 9 months of service, (2) 25.9% of mothers had elevated symptoms at both time points or at the 9 month assessment, and (3) 74.1% experienced an interpersonal trauma prior to enrollment. Lack of improvement or worsening of depressive symptoms from enrollment to 9 months was best predicted by pre-enrollment interpersonal trauma history, young maternal age, being African American, and symptoms severe enough to have led to mental health treatment. Conclusions Findings suggest that maternal depressive symptoms are a significant problem in home visitation. The role of interpersonal trauma in depressive symptoms, and how to best address these clinical issues in home visitation, warrants further examination. Practice Implications Maternal depression is prevalent in home visitation programs, and many mothers exhibit elevated symptoms at multiple time points over the first year of service. Interpersonal trauma history is also prevalent, and is predictive of increased depressive symptoms over time. Home visitation programs should note that mothers with interpersonal trauma history, young maternal age, and being African American have an increased likelihood of persistent depressive symptoms, which may in turn pose significant challenges to providing services. PMID:19328548

Ammerman, Robert T.; Putnam, Frank W.; Altaye, Mekibib; Chen, Liang; Holleb, Lauren J.; Stevens, Jack; Short, Jodie A.; Van Ginkel, Judith B.

2009-01-01

190

Student Support Services for the Underprepared Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The needs of students who enter college underprepared transcend academic preparation. These students require an array of student services that will support them in their quest to achieve the academic and personal skills necessary for college-level coursework and academic success. The model the author proposes in this article is not unique, but it…

Wilmer, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

191

Enhancing college students' understanding of lunar phases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Astronomy education researchers now know that college students do not enter the introductory astronomy classroom as blank slates, but rather these students enter the classroom with a pre-existing understanding of many introductory astronomy concepts, including lunar phases. Sometimes this understanding is scientifically correct, but often students' understanding is incomplete, inadequate or simply incorrect and cannot explain observed phenomenon. Unfortunately, students'

Rebecca Susan Lindell

2001-01-01

192

Creating a Virtual World Mindset: A Guide for First Time Second Life Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education technology proponents argue that tech-savvy students want active learning opportunities that enable them to produce, as well as consume, content. Some educators have responded to this rhetoric by appropriating virtual worlds such as Second Life (SL) for teaching and learning. While SL rewards exploration and experimentation, the…

Stoerger, Sharon

2010-01-01

193

Organic carbon in topsoil - first time fully harmonised at a European scale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The organic fraction of soils often accounts for an only small but variable proportion of the total soil mass. Nevertheless the organic fraction profoundly influences e.g., soil properties, ecosystem functioning, and the magnitude of various ecosystem processes. In the cooperative project of Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and grazing land Soil (GEMAS) a total of 2018 samples of agricultural (ploughed land, 0-20 cm) and 2023 samples of grazing land (0-10 cm) soil were collected at a density of 1 site per 2500 km2 each from 33 European countries, covering an area of 5,600,000 km2. All soil samples were sampled following a jointly agreed field protocol. The contents of TOC show large local differences with the highest concentrations of TOC in Finland, Ireland and Norway but also in other countries like e.g., Sweden, United Kingdom, and Germany distinctively high concentrations were measured. The distribution of TOC can be related to other measured soil properties like CEC, pH (CaCl2) and e.g., 52 chemical elements following an agua regia extraction. The GEMAS project has provided for the first time a fully harmonised data on TOC (and many other parameters) at a European scale.

Ernstsen, Vibeke; Baritz, Reiner; Reiman, Clemens; Gemas Project Team

2013-04-01

194

Multicultural web-based motivational interviewing for clients with a first-time DUI offense.  

PubMed

Culturally and linguistically appropriate interventions are needed to reduce the risk of driving under the influence (DUI) recidivism among diverse populations. Using core elements of Motivational Interviewing, we developed a culturally relevant web-MI intervention (web-MI) in English and Spanish to serve as a standalone or adjunctive program in DUI educational settings and evaluated its feasibility and acceptability among clients with first-time DUI offenses. We conducted an iterative formative assessment using focus groups with staff (n = 8) and clients (n = 27), and usability interviews with clients (n = 21). Adapting MI for the web was widely accepted by staff and clients. Clients stated the web-MI was engaging, interactive and personal, and felt more comfortable than past classes and programs. Spanish-speaking clients felt less shame, embarrassment, and discomfort with the web-MI compared to other in-person groups. Results support the viability of web-MI for DUI clients at risk for recidivism and highlight the importance of adapting the intervention for diverse populations. Key decisions used to develop the web-MI are discussed. PMID:22506822

Osilla, Karen Chan; D'Amico, Elizabeth J; Díaz-Fuentes, Claudia M; Lara, Marielena; Watkins, Katherine E

2012-04-01

195

First-time observation of Mastro Giorgio masterpieces by means of non-destructive techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the first time some excellent pieces belonging to the majolica production of the great master Giorgio Andreoli from Gubbio (Central Italy) have been characterized from a chemical and structural point of view with the aim to identify the composition of both pigments and lustres. A series of particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) and Raman analyses have been performed on some plates coming from Museo del Palazzo dei Consoli (Gubbio) and several French museums (Louvre, Musée National de la Céramique, Musée National de la Renaissance) lustred by Giorgio Andreoli and decorated by famous majolica painters such as Francesco Xanto Avelli. The three techniques are complementary and useful in the investigation of art objects since they are non-destructive. Furthermore, the low detection limits allow the identification of all elements and compounds present, and RBS allows concentration profiling, too. It is worth noticing that the examined objects are characterized by the presence of both gold and ruby-red lustres, a peculiarity of Mastro Giorgio’s technique. The measurements by PIXE and RBS have been carried out on the AGLAE accelerator at C2RMF, Louvre Palace.

Padeletti, G.; Ingo, G. M.; Bouquillon, A.; Pages-Camagna, S.; Aucouturier, M.; Roehrs, S.; Fermo, P.

2006-06-01

196

Men, maternity and moral residue: negotiating the moral demands of the transition to first time fatherhood  

PubMed Central

This article discusses men's transition to first time fatherhood, with a focus on the way they recognise various in-tension moral demands and negotiate an appropriate role for themselves. The findings are taken from a longitudinal study, drawing on elements of grounded theory, comprising a series of face-to-face and telephone interviews with 11 men over a 9-month period from the 12th week of pregnancy to 8 weeks after the birth. The analysis focuses on men's feelings and experience of exclusion and participation, and their response and reaction to that experience. The findings present two descriptive themes, ‘on the inside looking in’ and ‘present but not participating’, followed by third theme ‘deference and support: a moral response’ that exposes the dilemmatic nature of men's experience and explains the participants’ apparent acceptance of being less involved. The discussion explores the concept of moral residue, arguing that while deference and support may be an appropriate role for fathers in the perinatal period it may also be a compromise that leads to feelings of uncertainty and frustration, which is a consequence of being in a genuinely dilemmatic situation. PMID:25091825

Ives, Jonathan

2014-01-01

197

Motives for entering nursing in Iran: A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Context: Choosing a career is an important decision for each individual, which is affected by many different factors. The process of entering nursing, as one of the pivotal healthcare discipline, certainly affects quality of care, and retention of nurses in the profession. Aims: Exploring factors affecting the students’ decision to enter nursing. Setting and Design: This qualitative content analysis was carried at the school of Nursing and Midwifery of Tehran University of medical sciences. Materials and Methods: The semi structured interview method was used to conduct this qualitative study on 11 nursing freshmen in 2010. We transcribed the interviews verbatim and analyzed them using the conventional content analysis approach. Results: Four main categories, reflecting the factors affecting the participants’ decision to enter nursing emerged in this study: Capabilities of the profession, coercion, having an interest in the medical and allied health fields, and receiving positive feedbacks. The participants had tried to gather information about nursing through different sources, including nurses and other health care professionals, counselors and Internet, which almost all the time, yielded to no useful information and sometimes with negative feedback. Conclusions: Findings revealed that, unlike other countries, few participants had entered nursing with a real interest in helping and caring for others, and other factors such as having an interest in the medical and allied health fields, coercion, and good employment opportunities were the most important motives. Students’ lack of knowledge about the profession deserves special attention. Nursing managers’ should try to introduce the reality of nursing to the public and as a result, attract more competent students to the profession. PMID:23983730

Tayebi, Zahra; Dehghan-Nayeri, Nahid; Negarandeh, Reza; Shahbazi, Shirin

2013-01-01

198

Better Buildings Case Competition 2014 Stanford participated for the first time this year to The Better Buildings Case Competition's  

E-print Network

Better Buildings Case Competition 2014 Stanford participated for the first time this year to The Better Buildings Case Competition's third edition generation in multifamily affordable housing. For this competition organized

Prinz, Friedrich B.

199

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2011-04-01

200

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2012-04-01

201

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2014-04-01

202

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2010-04-01

203

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2013-04-01

204

Activities for social skills development in deaf children preparing to enter the mainstream  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of regular education teachers was surveyed to assess the social skills of recently mainstreamed students from oral deaf programs in their classrooms. In addition, a curriculum of social skills activities was developed to help prepare students from oral deaf schools to enter the mainstream.

Dorie L. Noll

2007-01-01

205

Basic Skills of Entering College Freshmen: A National Survey of Policies and Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports findings from a national survey of 1,269 representative colleges and universities, concerning institutional perceptions of the basic skills preparation of entering freshmen, the extent of students' needs for basic skills help at various types of institutions, and the ways in which institutions are responding to student needs. (AYC)

Lederman, Marie Jean; And Others

1985-01-01

206

Atypical Symptom Cluster Predicts a Higher Mortality in Patients With First-Time Acute Myocardial Infarction  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives Identifying symptom clusters of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and their clinical significance may be useful in guiding treatment seeking behaviors and in planning treatment strategy. The aim of this study was to identify clusters of acute symptoms and their associated factors that manifested in patients with first-time AMI, and to compare clinical outcomes among cluster groups within 1-year of follow-up. Subjects and Methods A total of 391 AMI patients were interviewed individually using a structured questionnaire for acute and associated symptoms between March 2008 and June 2009 in Korea. Results Among 14 acute symptoms, three distinct clusters were identified by Latent Class Cluster Analysis: typical chest symptom (57.0%), multiple symptom (27.9%), and atypical symptom (15.1%) clusters. The cluster with atypical symptoms was characterized by the least chest pain (3.4%) and moderate frequencies (31-61%) of gastrointestinal symptoms, weakness or fatigue, and shortness of breath; they were more likely to be older, diabetic and to have worse clinical markers at hospital presentation compared with those with other clusters. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that, when age and gender were adjusted for, the atypical symptom cluster significantly predicted a higher risk of 1-year mortality compared to the typical chest pain cluster (hazard ratio 3.288, 95% confidence interval 1.087-9.943, p=0.035). Conclusion Clusters of symptoms can be utilized in guiding a rapid identification of symptom patterns and in detecting higher risk patients. Intensive treatment should be considered for older and diabetic patients with atypical presentation. PMID:22363379

Ahn, Young Geun; Jeong, Myung Ho

2012-01-01

207

Asterless Licenses Daughter Centrioles to Duplicate for the First Time in Drosophila Embryos  

PubMed Central

Summary Centrioles form centrosomes and cilia, and defects in any of these three organelles are associated with human disease [1]. Centrioles duplicate once per cell cycle, when a mother centriole assembles an adjacent daughter during S phase. Daughter centrioles cannot support the assembly of another daughter until they mature into mothers during the next cell cycle [2–5]. The molecular nature of this daughter-to-mother transition remains mysterious. Pioneering studies in C. elegans identified a set of core proteins essential for centriole duplication [6–12], and a similar set have now been identified in other species [10, 13–18]. The protein kinase ZYG-1/Sak/Plk4 recruits the inner centriole cartwheel components SAS-6 and SAS-5/Ana2/STIL, which then recruit SAS-4/CPAP, which in turn helps assemble the outer centriole microtubules [19, 20]. In flies and humans, the Asterless/Cep152 protein interacts with Sak/Plk4 and Sas-4/CPAP and is required for centriole duplication, although its precise role in the assembly pathway is unclear [21–24]. Here, we show that Asl is not incorporated into daughter centrioles as they assemble during S phase but is only incorporated once mother and daughter separate at the end of mitosis. The initial incorporation of Asterless (Asl) is irreversible, requires DSas-4, and, crucially, is essential for daughter centrioles to mature into mothers that can support centriole duplication. We therefore propose a “dual-licensing” model of centriole duplication, in which Asl incorporation provides a permanent primary license to allow new centrioles to duplicate for the first time, while centriole disengagement provides a reduplication license to allow mother centrioles to duplicate again. PMID:24835456

Novak, Zsofia A.; Conduit, Paul T.; Wainman, Alan; Raff, Jordan W.

2014-01-01

208

Development of the Zebrafish Enteric Nervous System  

PubMed Central

The enteric nervous system is composed of neurons and glia that modulate many aspects of intestinal function. The ability to use both forward and reverse genetic approaches and to visualize development in living embryos and larvae has made zebrafish an attractive model in which to study mechanisms underlying enteric nervous system development. Here we review recent work describing the development and organization of the zebrafish enteric nervous system and how this relates to intestinal motility. We also discuss the cellular, molecular and genetic mechanisms that have been revealed by these studies and how they are providing new insights into human enteric nervous system diseases. PMID:21550442

Shepherd, Iain

2013-01-01

209

Diagnosing clostridial enteric disease in poultry.  

PubMed

The world's poultry industry has grown into a multibillion-dollar business, the success of which hinges on healthy intestinal tracts, which result in effective feed conversion. Enteric disease in poultry can have devastating economic effects on producers, due to high mortality rates and poor feed efficiency. Clostridia are considered to be among the most important agents of enteric disease in poultry. Diagnosis of enteric diseases produced by clostridia is usually challenging, mainly because many clostridial species can be normal inhabitants of the gut, making it difficult to determine their role in virulence. The most common clostridial enteric disease in poultry is necrotic enteritis, caused by Clostridium perfringens, which typically occurs in broiler chickens but has also been diagnosed in various avian species including turkeys, waterfowl, and ostriches. Diagnosis is based on clinical and pathological findings. Negative culture and toxin detection results may be used to rule out this disease, but isolation of C. perfringens and/or detection of its alpha toxin are of little value to confirm the disease because both are often found in the intestine of healthy birds. Ulcerative enteritis, caused by Clostridium colinum, is the other major clostridial enteric disease of poultry. Diagnosis of ulcerative enteritis is by documentation of typical pathological findings, coupled with isolation of C. colinum from the intestine of affected birds. Other clostridial enteric diseases include infections produced by Clostridium difficile, Clostridium fallax, and Clostridium baratii. PMID:23572451

Cooper, Kerry K; Songer, J Glenn; Uzal, Francisco A

2013-05-01

210

Characteristics of first-time fathers of advanced age: a Norwegian population-based study  

PubMed Central

Background The modern phenomenon of delayed parenthood applies not only to women but also to men, but less is known about what characterises men who are expecting their first child at an advanced age. This study investigates the sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviour, health problems, social relationships and timing of pregnancy in older first-time fathers. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted of 14 832 men who were expecting their first child, based on data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) carried out by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Data were collected in 2005–2008 by means of a questionnaire in gestational week 17–18 of their partner’s pregnancy, and from the Norwegian Medical Birth Register. The distribution of background variables was investigated across the age span of 25 years and above. Men of advanced age (35–39 years) and very advanced age (40 years or more) were compared with men aged 25–34 years by means of bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results The following factors were found to be associated with having the first child at an advanced or very advanced age: being unmarried or non-cohabitant, negative health behaviour (overweight, obesity, smoking, frequent alcohol intake), physical and mental health problems (lower back pain, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, sleeping problems, previous depressive symptoms), few social contacts and dissatisfaction with partner relationship. There were mixed associations for socioeconomic status: several proxy measures of high socioeconomic status (e.g. income >65 000 €, self-employment) were associated with having the first child at an advanced or very advanced age, as were several other proxy measures of low socioeconomic status (e.g. unemployment, low level of education, immigrant background).The odds of the child being conceived after in vitro fertilisation were threefold in men aged 34–39 and fourfold from 40 years and above. Conclusions Men who expect their first baby at an advanced or very advanced age constitute a socioeconomically heterogeneous group with more health problems and more risky health behaviour than younger men. Since older men often have their first child with a woman of advanced age, in whom similar characteristics have been reported, their combined risk of adverse perinatal outcomes needs further attention by clinicians and researchers. PMID:23363654

2013-01-01

211

FACTORS PREDISPOSING CALVES FOR E. COLI ENTERITIS  

E-print Network

FACTORS PREDISPOSING CALVES FOR E. COLI ENTERITIS L. PROHÁSZKA Vetevinavy Medical Reseavch outbreaks of E. coli enteritis were studied. It was found that in newborn calves the serum bicarbonate level rose/32-35 meq/l/at 2-5 days of age at the critical time of E. coli infection and normalized again/22

Boyer, Edmond

212

How to Enter "Transcript/Diploma/  

E-print Network

How to Enter "Transcript/Diploma/ Certificate Mailing" Address in Python #12;Python Home Page) #12;Add Address · Click on "Add Address" #12;Transcript/Diploma/ Certificate Mailing Address · Select "Transcript/Diploma/Certificate Mailing" from drop-down menu #12;Example · Enter fields and click "submit

213

STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH POLICY  

E-print Network

1 STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH POLICY Revised January 2013 #12;2 A. INTRODUCTION 1. Context Widening with a notable increase in the numbers of students with significant mental health difficulties entering HE the continuum from promoting positive mental well-being to working with students with severe mental health

Martin, Ralph R.

214

Pregnant Field Students' Guilt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined guilt feelings among social work students who were pregnant for the first time during field work training. Semi-structured interviews were conducted either in the 9th month (n=5) or 2-12 months after delivery (n=5). Content analysis revealed 6 main triggers, illustrated by excerpts, which stimulated field students' guilt…

Baum, Nehami

2006-01-01

215

First-time comet observations at the National Observatory of Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: We performed first-time scientific comet observations from Tübitak National Observatory (TUG), Turkey using two telescopes of that facility. In order to test the capabilities of the instruments, we performed a long comet-monitoring campaign from October 2013 to January 2014. We observed many comets, including but not limited to C/2012 S1 ISON, 154P Brewington, and C/2013 R1 Lovejoy. All comets were monitored for several nights with the Bessel R, V, and B filters from the 1-m (T100) and 1.5-m (RTT150) telescopes. Additionally, we acquired the first spectroscopic observations of a comet from TUG, using the TUG Faint Object Spectrograph (TFOSC with grism between 3230-9120 Å) mounted on RTT150. With these observations, we could assess the quality of the TUG instruments for cometary science, and identified a few limitations. We propose some technical improvements for future comet observations. These will open new observational opportunities for Turkish astronomers and a participation in international campaigns on cometary science. Observations and simulations: Apart from testing the instruments, our observations were also driven by the scientific questions regarding comet ISON around its perihelion passage. We intended to follow the formation and evolution of dust coma structures, and use well-tested models to simulate and understand this activity (Vincent et al. 2010, 2013, Lin et al. 2012). Additionally, we wanted to acquire spectra and derive the composition of the tail before and after perihelion. Unfortunately, the comet was not very active before perihelion and completely disintegrated at the end of November 2013. Nonetheless, we had acquired many images in the previous weeks, and we used the remaining nights to monitor other comets, mainly C/2013 R1 Lovejoy. Since the observatory is not equipped with the comet gas filters, we concentrated on dust structures and monitored comet ISON during October 2013 in Bessel R, B, and V filters. The cometary activity structures are investigated and simulations of dust tail are performed. On December 2013, we performed the first comet spectroscopy, targeting comet 154P and, additionally, observed comet C/2013 R1 in the Bessell R, B, and V filters. Results: Some additional gas filters for comet observations would be very useful for further observations. Fortunately, the budget for them is approved for 2014, and they are in the selection process. This will significantly improve future comet observations at TUG. T100: Imaging of fast-moving bright comets (like ISON) can be achieved by using short exposure times on the remotely operable T100 telescope, but non-sidereal tracking has to be improved for the observation of fast-moving small bodies of the solar system. Studies on the improvement of T100's tracking have already started at TUG. RTT150: Non-sidereal tracking is excellent and allowed us to take spectra of comet 154P. For future, we have established collaboration with the Rosetta mission and will monitor comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko starting from spring 2015. We are also ready for Gaia follow-up observations of solar-system objects with RTT150 (max. 5 nights/yr), T100 (max. 80 h/yr), and T60 (10--15 % of the total observing time).

Oklay, N.; Vincent, J.

2014-07-01

216

Student Characteristics Report, Fall 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a continuing survey of student characteristics at the Metropolitan Community Colleges, this report presents data from 14,918 regular credit enrollment students for fall 1977 and compares them to data from 1972. For the first time in the district's history, the majority of students (54%) were female, a shift that has only occurred in the…

Metropolitan Community Colleges of Kansas City, MO. Div. of Planning and Development.

217

Death Awareness, Maternal Separation Anxiety, and Attachment Style among First-Time Mothers--A Terror Management Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies explored the interplay between death awareness, attachment style, and maternal separation anxiety among first-time mothers of infants aged 3-12 months. In Study 1 (N = 60), a higher accessibility of death-related thoughts was found following induction of thoughts about separation from the infant. In Study 2 (N = 100), a mortality…

Taubman-Ben-Ari, Orit; Katz-Ben-Ami, Liat

2008-01-01

218

First-Time Mothers' Use of Music and Movement with Their Young Infants: The Impact of a Teaching Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined impact of a 5-week music/movement program involving relaxation, kinesics, singing, visual contact, and tactile stimulation on first-time mothers' use of music and movement with their infants. Found that the program extended mothers' use of relaxation to music and rhythmical movement with their infants but not the use of song and massage…

Vlismas, Wendy; Bowes, Jennifer

1999-01-01

219

Value of Routine Transition Zone Biopsies in Patients Undergoing Ultrasound-Guided Sextant Biopsies for the First Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To analyze the efficacy of routine transition zone biopsies in patients undergoing ultrasound-guided sextant biopsies for the first time because of a suspicious digital rectal examination (DRE) or an elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. Patients and Methods: During sextant prostatic biopsy two additional transition zone biopsies were performed in 164 consecutive patients: in 98 because of a serum

J. Morote; M. López; G. Encabo; I. de Torres

1999-01-01

220

A Fast Methodology for First-Time-Correct Design of PLLs using Nonlinear Phase-Domain VCO Macromodels  

E-print Network

and wireless commu- nication transceivers. In high-speed data communications systems such as Ethernet1 A Fast Methodology for First-Time-Correct Design of PLLs using Nonlinear Phase-Domain VCO University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA Abstract-- We present a novel methodology suitable for fast

Roychowdhury, Jaijeet

221

Nonsense ?-thalassemia mutation at codon 37 (TGG>TGA), detected for the first time in three Turkish cases.  

PubMed

Thalassemias are genetically heterogeneous group of disorders with reduced or absent production of globin. ?-Thalassemia major can be caused by homozygosity or compound heterozygosity for ?-globin gene mutation. Here we report, for the first time in Turkey, three cases who carry the nonsense ?-thalassemia (?-thal) mutation at codon 37 (TGG>TGA; Trp?Stop) causing premature stop codon. PMID:22385009

Bozdogan, Sevcan Tug; Unsal, Cagatay; Erkman, Hakan; Genc, Ahmet; Yuregir, Ozge Ozalp; Muslumanoglu, Muhammed Hamza; Aslan, Huseyin

2012-01-01

222

Adolescent and adult first time mothers' health seeking practices during pregnancy and early motherhood in Wakiso district, central Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Maternal health services have a potentially critical role in the improvement of reproductive health. In order to get a better understanding of adolescent mothers'needs we compared health seeking practices of first time adolescent and adult mothers during pregnancy and early motherhood in Wakiso district, Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between May and August, 2007 in Wakiso

Lynn Atuyambe; Florence Mirembe; Nazarius M Tumwesigye; Johansson Annika; Edward K Kirumira; Elisabeth Faxelid

2008-01-01

223

The Mathematical Assessment of Students Entering University Engineering Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Newly developed approaches to assessing the mathematics achievement of applicants to college engineering courses in the United Kingdom are described, focusing on computer administered and scored multiple choice questions (MCQ) as part of the assessment. A review of research suggests that MCQ are particularly useful for initial diagnostic purposes.…

Hibberd, Stephen

1996-01-01

224

CUNY SCHOOL OF LAW RE-ENTERING STUDENT APPLICATION FORM  

E-print Network

attended: ____________________ Semester of Re-entry: _______________________ Semester Year Semester Year# Town or City State Zip Code Length of time at the above address ____ _____ County of Residence______________ Yrs. Mos. Length of residence in NYC ________to ________ Length of residence in NYS _______to

Rosen, Jay

225

Enter Keyword(s) Today's Ecology Top  

E-print Network

Enter Keyword(s) Today's Ecology Top News OMG's Business Ecology Initiative BEI Reaches 250 Member Advertisement Ecology Topics Botany Climate Research Ecology Environment Environmental Microbiology Environmental Monitoring Environmental Research Fisheries Research Marine Biology Meteorology Molecular Ecology

226

OCCURRENCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN WATERS  

EPA Science Inventory

A number of different types of human enteric viruses cause waterborne outbreaks when individuals are exposed to contaminated drinking and recreational waters. Vaccination against poliovirus has virtually eliminated poliomyelitis from the planet, but other members of the enterovi...

227

OCCURRENCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN SURFACE WATERS  

EPA Science Inventory

Human enteric viruses cause a number of diseases when individuals are exposed to contaminated drinking & recreational waters. Vaccination against poliovirus has virtually eliminated poliomyelitis from the planet. Other members of enterovirus group cause numerous diseases. Hepatit...

228

Infection strategies of enteric pathogenic Escherichia coli  

PubMed Central

Enteric Escherichia coli (E. coli) are both natural flora of humans and important pathogens causing significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Traditionally enteric E. coli have been divided into 6 pathotypes, with further pathotypes often proposed. In this review we suggest expansion of the enteric E. coli into 8 pathotypes to include the emerging pathotypes of adherent invasive E. coli (AIEC) and Shiga-toxin producing enteroaggregative E. coli (STEAEC). The molecular mechanisms that allow enteric E. coli to colonize and cause disease in the human host are examined and for two of the pathotypes that express a type 3 secretion system (T3SS) we discuss the complex interplay between translocated effectors and manipulation of host cell signaling pathways that occurs during infection. PMID:22555463

Clements, Abigail; Young, Joanna C.; Constantinou, Nicholas; Frankel, Gad

2012-01-01

229

The enteric toxins of Clostridium perfringens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Gram-positive pathogen Clostridium perfringens is a major cause of human and veterinary enteric disease largely because this bacterium can produce several toxins when present inside the gastrointestinal tract. The enteric toxins of C. perfringens share two common features: (1) they are all single polypeptides of modest (~25–35 kDa) size, although lacking in sequence homology, and (2) they generally act by

J. G. Smedley III; D. J. Fisher; S. Sayeed; G. Chakrabarti; B. A. McClane

2004-01-01

230

The enteric toxins of Clostridium perfringens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Gram-positive pathogenClostridium perfringens is a major cause of human and veterinary enteric disease largely because this bacterium can produce several toxins when present\\u000a inside the gastrointestinal tract. The enteric toxins of C. perfringens share two common features: (1) they are all single polypeptides of modest (~25—35 kDa) size, although lacking in sequence\\u000a homology, and (2) they generally act by

J. G. Smedley; D. J. Fisher; S. Sayeed; G. Chakrabarti; B. A. McClane

231

Smart-1: The First Time Of Europe To The Moon; Wandering in the Earth-Moon Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After 40 years from the first lunar missions, Europe has started for the first time the development of a mission which has the Moon as a target. SMART-1 will be the first Western-European mission to the Earth's satellite. The primary objective of the mission is to flight test technology innovation for the future scientific deep-space missions. This paper describes the mission concept, the technology and the scientific aspects.

Racca, Giuseppe D.; Foing, Bernard H.; Coradini, Marcello

232

One-Year Treatment Patterns and Change Trajectories for Adolescents Participating in Outpatient Treatment for the First Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Society on Addiction Medicine's Patient Placement criteria are commonly used in adolescent treatment. However, the use of these criteria and how they affect the course of treatment and interact with adolescent change has not been examined. Twelve-month treatment patterns were examined for 176 adolescents who entered their first ever episode in a treatment system using these criteria. Forty-one

Susan H. Godley; Lora L. Passetti; Rodney R. Funk; Bryan R. Garner; Mark D. Godley

2008-01-01

233

Participation in an Extended Orientation Course and its Relationship with Student Involvement, Student Satisfaction, Academic Performance, and Student Retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal impact of the First-Year Experience (FYE) course at Florida State University on student involvement, student satisfaction, academic performance, and student retention.\\u000aStudent data was collected on the 1999 and 2001 First-Time-In-College (FTIC) students at the university. Grade point averages and enrollment records were compared between students who enrolled in the

Hollins Thomas Neal Jr

2003-01-01

234

6-Year Graduation Rates By Race/Ethnicity Entering Fall Semester 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008  

E-print Network

6-Year Graduation Rates By Race/Ethnicity Entering Fall Semester 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 URM No semester. URM: Underrepresented minorities include US citizens/permanent residents who report their race-Time Undergraduate Students, By Race/Ethnicity URM Asian White Unk / NR University of Massachusetts Amherst · Office

Mountziaris, T. J.

235

[Indications and practice of enteral nutrition].  

PubMed

Malnutrition in hospitalised patients has a significant and disadvantageous impact on treatment outcome. If possible, enteral nutrition with an energy/protein-balanced nutrient should be preferred depending on the patient's condition, type of illness and risk factors. The aim of the nutrition therapy is to increase the efficacy of treatment and shorten the length of hospital stay in order to ensure rapid rehabilitation. In the present review the authors summarize the most important clinical and practical aspects of enteral nutrition therapy. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(51), 2028-2033. PMID:25497152

Hallay, Judit; Nagy, Dániel; Fülesdi, Béla

2014-12-01

236

[Artificial nutrition in children (I): enteral access].  

PubMed

Appropriate nutritional support is crucial in the therapeutic approach of multiple conditions, which justifies the frequent and increasing use of specific access routes for enteral and parenteral nutrition. This article reviews the relevant literature concerning indications, procedures, effectiveness and complications of enteral access routes in children. The decision between gastric and postpyloric access, and between nasogastric tube and gastrostomy is thoroughly discussed. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is the most commonly used technique when a long-term gastric access is required, given its efficacy and safety although the associated morbidity is not negligible;laparoscopic gastrostomy emerges as a potentially advantageous alternative. PMID:25409220

Estevão-Costa, José

2014-01-01

237

Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A elaborate distinct systemic metabolite signatures during enteric fever  

PubMed Central

The host–pathogen interactions induced by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A during enteric fever are poorly understood. This knowledge gap, and the human restricted nature of these bacteria, limit our understanding of the disease and impede the development of new diagnostic approaches. To investigate metabolite signals associated with enteric fever we performed two dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC/TOFMS) on plasma from patients with S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi A infections and asymptomatic controls, identifying 695 individual metabolite peaks. Applying supervised pattern recognition, we found highly significant and reproducible metabolite profiles separating S. Typhi cases, S. Paratyphi A cases, and controls, calculating that a combination of six metabolites could accurately define the etiological agent. For the first time we show that reproducible and serovar specific systemic biomarkers can be detected during enteric fever. Our work defines several biologically plausible metabolites that can be used to detect enteric fever, and unlocks the potential of this method in diagnosing other systemic bacterial infections. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.03100.001 PMID:24902583

Näsström, Elin; Vu Thieu, Nga Tran; Dongol, Sabina; Karkey, Abhilasha; Voong Vinh, Phat; Ha Thanh, Tuyen; Johansson, Anders; Arjyal, Amit; Thwaites, Guy; Dolecek, Christiane; Basnyat, Buddha; Baker, Stephen; Antti, Henrik

2014-01-01

238

Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class Admissions data for Biological and Biomedical Sciences can be found here.  

E-print Network

Genetics Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Admissions data for Biological and Biomedical Sciences can be found here. Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 60 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 12 Median years to Ph.D. 6.3 Percent of students awarded Ph.D. 98

239

U.S. Student Wins Gold at Chemistry Olympiad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results from the International Chemistry Olympiad where a student from the United States won a gold medal for the first time. The Olympiad seeks to identify the best high school chemistry students in the world. (JM)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1986

1986-01-01

240

Decedent Data Page The Decedent Data page is used to add information about a student's death.  

E-print Network

's death. Navigation Campus Community ­ Personal Information (Student) ­ Biographical (Student)­ Personal Attributes ­ Decedent Data Fields Date of Death Enter the student's date of death. You can enter either the official date of death or the date on which OSU was notified of the death. When you enter a date and save

241

Attachment of Enteric Viruses to Bottles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storage of water that was deliberately contaminated with enteric viruses in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles led to a rapid decrease of the apparent viral load, thereby hampering the development of samples for a collaborative evaluation of viral detection methods for bottled water. To determine if this decrease was due to spontaneous inactivation or to adhesion, an elution protocol was developed

S. Butot; T. Putallaz; C. Croquet; G. Lamothe; R. Meyer; H. Joosten; G. Sanchez

2007-01-01

242

STS-72 Mission Specialist Barry enters Endeavour  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

STS-72 Mission Specialist Dr. Daniel T. Barry (center) prepares to enter the Space Shuttle Endeavour at Launch Pad 39B, as white room closeout crew members Mike Mangione (no. Davis (no. 6) assist him. Endeavour is set to lift off during and approximately 49-minute window opening at 4:18 am EST, Jan. 11.

1996-01-01

243

Europe's First Moon Probe Enters Lunar Orbit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides milestones of the European Space Agency's first space probe to the moon. The ESA's ion driven SMART-1 probe entered lunar orbit on 2004 Nov 16 after an 80 million kilometer, 13 month journey. Mission and spacecraft details, as well as images, are provided.

244

Visual Attention: Light Enters the Jochen Braun  

E-print Network

Visual Attention: Light Enters the Jungle Jochen Braun Recent studies focusing on basic visual-perceptual processing that awareness entails -- short-term memory, percep- tual decisions, voluntary responses and so time. The coaxing was done by a visual search near fixation, which the observer was obliged to carry

Braun, Jochen

245

Isolated Enteric Cyst in the Neck  

PubMed Central

We report an extremely rare case of isolated enteric cyst in the neck region which was diagnosed on the histopathological examination. It was suspected to be duplication cyst on radiology. We have also evaluated the differential diagnosis and management issues. PMID:24868475

Mahore, Amit; Sankhe, Shilpa; Tikeykar, Vishakha

2014-01-01

246

EPIZOOTIC NECROTIC ENTERITIS IN WILD GEESE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outbreaks of a disease characterized by severe necrotic enteritis occurred among Canada geese (Branta canadensis), lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens caerulescens), Ross' geese (A. rossi), and white-fronted geese (A. albifrons) on lakes in Saskatchewan and Manitoba during the autumn of 1983, 1984 and 1985. Ducks usingthe lakes were apparently not affected. Lesions in the geese closely resembled those described in

G. Wobeser; D. J. Rainnie

247

Entering a Crack: An Encounter with Gossip  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I enter a crack to think otherwise about the concept "gossip". Drawing on previous scholarship engaging with Deleuzian concepts to inform research methodologies, this paper builds on this body of work. Following Deleuze and Guattari, the paper undertakes a mapping of gossip, subsequent to an encounter with a crack.…

Henderson, Linda

2014-01-01

248

Environmental toxins trigger PD-like progression via increased alpha-synuclein release from enteric neurons in mice  

PubMed Central

Pathological studies on Parkinson's disease (PD) patients suggest that PD pathology progresses from the enteric nervous system (ENS) and the olfactory bulb into the central nervous system. We have previously shown that environmental toxins acting locally on the ENS mimic this PD-like pathology progression pattern in mice. Here, we show for the first time that the resection of the autonomic nerves stops this progression. Moreover, our results show that an environmental toxin (i.e. rotenone) promotes the release of alpha-synuclein by enteric neurons and that released enteric alpha-synuclein is up-taken by presynaptic sympathetic neurites and retrogradely transported to the soma, where it accumulates. These results strongly suggest that pesticides can initiate the progression of PD pathology and that this progression is based on the transneuronal and retrograde axonal transport of alpha-synuclein. If confirmed in patients, this study would have crucial implications in the strategies used to prevent and treat PD. PMID:23205266

Pan-Montojo, Francisco; Schwarz, Mathias; Winkler, Clemens; Arnhold, Mike; O'Sullivan, Gregory A.; Pal, Arun; Said, Jonas; Marsico, Giovanni; Verbavatz, Jean-Marc; Rodrigo-Angulo, Margarita; Gille, Gabriele; Funk, Richard H. W.; Reichmann, Heinz

2012-01-01

249

Apparent inferiority of first-time breeders in the kittiwake: The role of heterogeneity among age classes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

1. Many studies have provided evidence that first-time breeders have a lower survival, a lower probability of success, or of breeding, in the following year. Hypotheses based on reproductive costs have often been proposed to explain this. However, because of the intrinsic relationship between age and experience, the apparent inferiority of first-time breeders at the population level may result from selection, and experience may not influence performance within each individual. In this paper we address the question of phenotypic correlations between fitness components. This addresses differences in individual quality, a prerequisite for a selection process to occur. We also test the hypothesis of an influence of experience on these components while taking age and reproductive success into account: two factors likely to play a key role in a selection process. 2. Using data from a long-term study on the kittiwake, we found that first-time breeders have a lower probability of success, a lower survival and a lower probability of breeding in the next year than experienced breeders. However, neither experienced nor inexperienced breeders have a lower survival or a lower probability of breeding in the following year than birds that skipped a breeding opportunity. This suggests heterogeneity in quality among individuals. 3. Failed birds have a lower survival and a lower probability of breeding in the following year regardless of experience. This can be interpreted in the light of the selection hypothesis. The inferiority of inexperienced breeders may be linked to a higher proportion of lower-quality individuals in younger age classes. When age and breeding success are controlled for, there is no evidence of an influence of experience on survival or future breeding probability. 4. Using data from individuals whose reproductive life lasted the same number of years, we investigated the influence of experience on reproductive performance within individuals. There is no strong evidence that a process operating within individuals explains the improvement in performance observed at the population level.

Cam, E.; Monnat, J.-Y.

2000-01-01

250

Pneumothorax developing for the first time in a 73-year-old woman diagnosed with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome.  

PubMed

Spontaneous pneumothorax in the elderly commonly occurs due to underlying pulmonary diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease, lung cancer, etc. A 73-year-old woman developed pneumothorax for the first time that was a clinical clue to a diagnosis of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS), an autosomal dominant condition characterized by fibrofolliculomas of the skin, renal tumors and multiple lung cysts predisposing to pneumothorax. Although BHDS patients frequently develop pneumothorax during their twenties to forties, the present case indicates that BHDS should be considered as an underlying cause of pneumothorax in the elderly with undisclosed BHDS. PMID:24190151

Kunogi Okura, Makiko; Yae, Toshifumi; Nagashima, Osamu; Hirai, Shu; Kumasaka, Toshio; Iwase, Akihiko

2013-01-01

251

Career Development Needs of Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undecided college students, those students who have entered college without declaring a major field of study, make up a significant population. Counselors can help undecided college students by using a four-step career decision-making model, consisting of the steps of self-awareness, career information, decision-making, and an action plan. In the…

Boyd, Patti A.

252

The relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety among pregnant and postpartum first-time mothers  

PubMed Central

Two studies examined the relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. In the first study, a measure of maternal attitudes, the Attitudes Toward Motherhood Scale (AToM), was developed and validated in a sample of first-time mothers. The AToM was found to have good internal reliability and convergent validity with cognitive biases and an existing measure of maternal attitudes. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses determined that the measure comprises three correlated factors: beliefs about others’ judgments, beliefs about maternal responsibility, and maternal role idealization. In the second study, we used the AToM to assess the relationship between maternal attitudes and other psychological variables. The factor structure of the measure was confirmed. Maternal attitudes predicted symptoms of depression and anxiety, and these attitudes had incremental predictive validity over general cognitive biases and interpersonal risk factors. Overall, the results of these studies suggest that maternal attitudes are related to psychological distress among first-time mothers during the transition to parenthood and may provide a useful means of identifying women who may benefit from intervention during the perinatal period. PMID:24643422

Epperson, C. Neill; Barber, Jacques P.

2014-01-01

253

Identification of functional parameters for the classification of older female fallers and prediction of ‘first-time’ fallers  

PubMed Central

Falls remain a challenge for ageing societies. Strong evidence indicates that a previous fall is the strongest single screening indicator for a subsequent fall and the need for assessing fall risk without accounting for fall history is therefore imperative. Testing in three functional domains (using a total 92 measures) were completed in 84 older women (60–85 years of age), including muscular control, standing balance, and mean and variability of gait. Participants were retrospectively classified as fallers (n = 38) or non-fallers (n = 42) and additionally in a prospective manner to identify first-time fallers (FTFs) (n = 6) within a 12-month follow-up period. Principal component analysis revealed that seven components derived from the 92 functional measures are sufficient to depict the spectrum of functional performance. Inclusion of only three components, related to mean and temporal variability of walking, allowed classification of fallers and non-fallers with a sensitivity and specificity of 74% and 76%, respectively. Furthermore, the results indicate that FTFs show a tendency towards the performance of fallers, even before their first fall occurs. This study suggests that temporal variability and mean spatial parameters of gait are the only functional components among the 92 measures tested that differentiate fallers from non-fallers, and could therefore show efficacy in clinical screening programmes for assessing risk of first-time falling. PMID:24898021

König, N.; Taylor, W. R.; Armbrecht, G.; Dietzel, R.; Singh, N. B.

2014-01-01

254

The Development and Validation of an Actuarial Risk Assessment Tool for the Prediction of First-Time Offending.  

PubMed

For prevention purposes, it is important that police officers can estimate the risk for delinquency among juveniles who were involved in a criminal offense, but not in the role of a suspect. In the present study, the Youth Actuarial Risk Assessment Tool for First-Time Offending (Y-ARAT-FO) was developed based solely on police records with the aim to enable Dutch police officers to predict the risk for first-time offending. For the construction of this initial screening instrument, an Exhaustive Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (Exhaustive CHAID) analysis was performed on a data set that was retrieved from the Dutch police system. The Y-ARAT-FO was developed on a sample of 1,368 juveniles and validated on a different sample of 886 juveniles showing moderate predictive accuracy in the validation sample (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC] = .728). The predictive accuracy of the Y-ARAT-FO was considered sufficient to justify its use as an initial screening instrument by the Dutch police. PMID:25395478

Assink, Mark; van der Put, Claudia E; Stams, Geert Jan J M

2014-11-12

255

Voyager 1 Has Entered Interstellar Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"We made it," Voyager project scientist Ed Stone announced at a 12 September briefing at NASA headquarters in Washington, D. C. NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft, the most distant human-made object, is now the first such object to enter interstellar space, the space between the stars. "The 36-year-old probe is now sailing the uncharted waters of a new cosmic sea, and it has brought us along for the journey," Stone said.

Showstack, Randy

2013-09-01

256

Properties of melt extruded enteric matrix pellets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to investigate the properties of enteric matrix pellets that were prepared by hot-melt extrusion in a one-step, continuous process.Five polymers (Eudragit® L100-55, L100 and S100, Aqoat® grades LF and HF) were investigated as possible matrix formers, and pellets prepared with Eudragit® S100 demonstrated superior gastric protection and acceptable processibility. Extruded pellets containing Eudragit® S100

Sandra U. Schilling; Navnit H. Shah; A. Waseem Malick; James W. McGinity

2010-01-01

257

Simultaneous investigation of influenza and enteric viruses in the stools of adult patients consulting in general practice for acute diarrhea  

PubMed Central

Background Gastrointestinal symptoms are not an uncommon manifestation of an influenza virus infection. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the presence of influenza viruses in the stools of adult patients consulting their general practitioner for uncomplicated acute diarrhea (AD) and the proportion of concurrent infections by enteric and influenza viruses. Method A case-control study was conducted from December 2010 to April 2011. Stool specimens were collected and tested for influenza viruses A (seasonal A/H3N2 and pandemic A/H1N1) and B, and for four enteric viruses (astrovirus, group A rotavirus, human enteric adenovirus, norovirus of genogroups I – NoVGI - and genogroup II - NoVGII). Results General practitioners enrolled 138 cases and 93 controls. Of the 138 stool specimens collected, 92 (66.7%) were positive for at least one of the four enteric viruses analysed and 10 (7.2%) tested positive for one influenza virus. None of these 10 influenza positive patients reported respiratory symptoms. In five influenza-positive patients (3.6%), we also detected one enteric virus, with 4 of them being positive for influenza B (2 had co-detection with NoVGI, 1 with NoVGII, and 1 with astrovirus). None of the 93 controls tested positive for one of the enteric and/or other influenza viruses we investigated. Conclusions In this study we showed that the simultaneous detection of influenza and enteric viruses is not a rare event. We have also reported, for the first time in general practice, the presence of seasonal and pandemic influenza viruses in the stools of adult patients consulting for uncomplicated AD. A simultaneous investigation of enteric and influenza viruses in patients complaining of gastrointestinal symptoms could be useful for future studies to better identify the agents responsible for AD. PMID:22709374

2012-01-01

258

African Swine Fever Virus Uses Macropinocytosis to Enter Host Cells  

PubMed Central

African swine fever (ASF) is caused by a large and highly pathogenic DNA virus, African swine fever virus (ASFV), which provokes severe economic losses and expansion threats. Presently, no specific protection or vaccine against ASF is available, despite the high hazard that the continued occurrence of the disease in sub-Saharan Africa, the recent outbreak in the Caucasus in 2007, and the potential dissemination to neighboring countries, represents. Although virus entry is a remarkable target for the development of protection tools, knowledge of the ASFV entry mechanism is still very limited. Whereas early studies have proposed that the virus enters cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis, the specific mechanism used by ASFV remains uncertain. Here we used the ASFV virulent isolate Ba71, adapted to grow in Vero cells (Ba71V), and the virulent strain E70 to demonstrate that entry and internalization of ASFV includes most of the features of macropinocytosis. By a combination of optical and electron microscopy, we show that the virus causes cytoplasm membrane perturbation, blebbing and ruffles. We have also found that internalization of the virions depends on actin reorganization, activity of Na+/H+ exchangers, and signaling events typical of the macropinocytic mechanism of endocytosis. The entry of virus into cells appears to directly stimulate dextran uptake, actin polarization and EGFR, PI3K-Akt, Pak1 and Rac1 activation. Inhibition of these key regulators of macropinocytosis, as well as treatment with the drug EIPA, results in a considerable decrease in ASFV entry and infection. In conclusion, this study identifies for the first time the whole pathway for ASFV entry, including the key cellular factors required for the uptake of the virus and the cell signaling involved. PMID:22719252

Sánchez, Elena G.; Quintas, Ana; Pérez-Núñez, Daniel; Nogal, Marisa; Barroso, Susana; Carrascosa, Ángel L.; Revilla, Yolanda

2012-01-01

259

Two-Year College Students' Degree Aspirations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares the educational aspirations of college freshmen students in public and private two-year colleges around the nation. Surveying a sample of over 13,000 first-time, full-time students from a national database elicited the following results: about half of students at public and private two year colleges aspired to obtain the…

Laanan, Frankie Santos

260

Testing f(R)-theories using the first time derivative of the orbital period of the binary pulsars  

E-print Network

In this paper we use one of the Post-Keplerian parameters to obtain constraints on f(R)-theories of gravity. Using Minkowskian limit, we compute the prediction of f(R)-theories on the first time derivative of the orbital period of a sample of binary stars, and we use our theoretical results to perform a comparison with the observed one. Selecting a sample of relativistic binary systems we estimate the parameters of an analytic f(R)-gravity. We find that the theory is not ruled out if we consider only the double neutron star systems, and in this case we can cover the existing gap between the General Relativity prediction and the observed data.

Mariafelicia De Laurentis; Ivan De Martino

2013-02-01

261

AZW-LA-II White Paint on Swift: Lessons Learned from First Time Flying on Spacecraft Radiators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AZ-Tek's AZW-LA-II low solar absorptance white paint was previously flown as a flight experiment, and is being flown as a calorimeter. However it has never been flown as a thermal coating of radiators on an operational spacecraft before. This paint has the lowest solar absorptance among all white paints, and a very small degradation. Its cost is many times more expensive than white paints that have a higher solar absorptance. To meet the thermal requirements of the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) Detector Array and X-Ray Telescope (XRT) focal plane camera assembly (FPCA) charged coupled device (CCD), AZW-LA-II is used as the thermal coating for the BAT and XRT radiators. This paper presents the lessons learned from flying this low solar absorptance white paint as a thermal coating of radiators on an operational spacecraft for the first time.

Choi, Michael K.

2004-01-01

262

Usefulness of frequent supraventricular extrasystoles and a high CHADS2 score to predict first-time appearance of atrial fibrillation.  

PubMed

Frequent supraventricular extrasystoles (SVEs) are associated with the subsequent first-time appearance of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the combined role of SVEs and an AF-related risk score for ischemic stroke, the CHADS2 score, on the occurrence of new AF in patients in sinus rhythm. The Shinken Database 2004-2010 lists 3,263 patients who underwent 24-hour Holter monitoring. A total of 2,589 patients were analyzed, after excluding 674 patients previously diagnosed with AF. Frequent SVEs were defined as ?102 beats/day (the top quartile) and the presence of a clinical background for a CHADS2 score ?2 points as a high CHADS2 score. During the mean follow-up period of 571.4 ± 606.4 days, new AF occurred in 38 patients (9.4 per 1,000 patient-years). The incidence of new AF was 2.7 and 37.7 per 1,000 patient-years for patients with nonfrequent SVEs (<102 beats/day) and low CHADS2 scores and those with frequent SVEs and high CHADS2 scores, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the hazard ratio for frequent SVEs and a high CHADS2 score compared with nonfrequent SVEs and a low CHADS2 score was 9.49 (95% confidence interval 3.20 to 28.15, p <0.001), even after adjustment for gender, age, medications, and echocardiographic parameters. In conclusion, frequent SVEs and a high CHADS2 score independently and synergistically predict the first-time appearance of AF in patients in sinus rhythm, indicating an approximately 10-fold higher risk. Patients meeting these criteria should have more aggressive early intervention for preventing AF. PMID:23499279

Suzuki, Shinya; Sagara, Koichi; Otsuka, Takayuki; Kano, Hiroto; Matsuno, Shunsuke; Takai, Hideaki; Uejima, Tokuhisa; Oikawa, Yuji; Koike, Akira; Nagashima, Kazuyuki; Kirigaya, Hajime; Yajima, Junji; Tanabe, Hiroaki; Sawada, Hitoshi; Aizawa, Tadanori; Yamashita, Takeshi

2013-06-01

263

Interindividual variations in aprepitant plasma pharmacokinetics in cancer patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for the first time.  

PubMed

The pharmacokinetics of aprepitant, a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, have not been fully evaluated in clinical settings. The aim of this study was to characterize the plasma pharmacokinetics of aprepitant and reveal their influence of laboratory tests and cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 gene polymorphisms in cancer patients. Forty-four Japanese cancer patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for the first time following oral aprepitant (125 mg on day 1 and 80 mg on days 2 and 3) were enrolled. The patients did not have gastrointestinal disease and the clinical laboratory values were within their normal reference levels. The plasma concentrations of aprepitant 24 (day 2 predose), 72, and 120 h after the first aprepitant administration were determined using LC-MS/MS. The relationships between plasma exposure to aprepitant and body weight, clinical laboratory values, age, gender, or CYP3A5*3 were investigated. The median and interquartile ranges of the 120-h area under the plasma concentration time curve (AUC)(0-120) of aprepitant were 73215 and 55518-91121 ng h/mL. The coefficient of variation value for aprepitant AUC(0-120) was 53%. The AUC(0-120) of aprepitant was correlated with the levels of total bilirubin and serum albumin, respectively (r=0.454, p<0.01 and r=0.287, p=0.06), but not with other non-genetic factors and CYP3A5 genetic variants in a univariate analysis. The AUC(0-120) of aprepitant was significantly correlated with the level of total bilirubin (adjusted R(2)=0.187, p<0.01) in a multivariate analysis. In conclusion, the plasma pharmacokinetics of aprepitant varied markedly in cancer patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for the first time and were correlated with the level of total bilirubin. PMID:23370406

Motohashi, Shinya; Mino, Yasuaki; Hori, Katsuhito; Naito, Takafumi; Hosokawa, Seiji; Furuse, Hiroshi; Ozono, Seiichiro; Mineta, Hiroyuki; Kawakami, Junichi

2013-01-01

264

Pourquoi Entrer a l'Universite? L'exemple d'une Universtie de Lettres et Sciences Humaines. (Why Enter a University? An Example from a Liberal Arts College.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that the high dropout rate among first-year students in French universities is due in part to economic factors, which push some students into attending school when work is scarce. Differentiates between those who enter school to invest in the future and those who enter by default. (Contains 71 references.) (NB)

Canals, Valerie; Diebolt, Claude

2001-01-01

265

Prediction of enteric methane emissions from cattle.  

PubMed

Agriculture has a key role in food production worldwide and it is a major component of the gross domestic product of several countries. Livestock production is essential for the generation of high quality protein foods and the delivery of foods in regions where animal products are the main food source. Environmental impacts of livestock production have been examined for decades, but recently emission of methane from enteric fermentation has been targeted as a substantial greenhouse gas source. The quantification of methane emissions from livestock on a global scale relies on prediction models because measurements require specialized equipment and may be expensive. The predictive ability of current methane emission models remains poor. Moreover, the availability of information on livestock production systems has increased substantially over the years enabling the development of more detailed methane prediction models. In this study, we have developed and evaluated prediction models based on a large database of enteric methane emissions from North American dairy and beef cattle. Most probable models of various complexity levels were identified using a Bayesian model selection procedure and were fitted under a hierarchical setting. Energy intake, dietary fiber and lipid proportions, animal body weight and milk fat proportion were identified as key explanatory variables for predicting emissions. Models here developed substantially outperformed models currently used in national greenhouse gas inventories. Additionally, estimates of repeatability of methane emissions were lower than the ones from the literature and multicollinearity diagnostics suggested that prediction models are stable. In this context, we propose various enteric methane prediction models which require different levels of information availability and can be readily implemented in national greenhouse gas inventories of different complexity levels. The utilization of such models may reduce errors associated with prediction of methane and allow a better examination and representation of policies regulating emissions from cattle. PMID:24259373

Moraes, Luis E; Strathe, Anders B; Fadel, James G; Casper, David P; Kebreab, Ermias

2014-07-01

266

S-IB Stage Entering Point Barrow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Saturn 1B first stage (S-IB) enters the NASA barge Point Barrow, in March 1968. The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) utilized a number of water transportation craft to transport the Saturn stages to-and-from the manufacturing facilities and test sites, as well as delivery to the Kennedy Space Center for launch. Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center and built by the Chrysler Corporation at Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF), the S-IB utilized the eight H-1 engines and each produced 200,000 pounds of thrust, a combined thrust of 1,600,000 pounds.

1968-01-01

267

PTEN enters the nucleus by diffusion.  

PubMed

Despite much evidence for phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP)-triggered signaling pathways in the nucleus, there is little understanding of how the levels and activities of these proteins are regulated. As a first step to elucidating this problem, we determined whether phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) enters the nucleus by passive diffusion or active transport. We expressed various PTEN fusion proteins in tsBN2, HeLa, LNCaP, and U87MG cells and determined that the largest PTEN fusion proteins showed little or no nuclear localization. Because diffusion through nuclear pores is limited to proteins of 60,000 Da or less, this suggests that nuclear translocation of PTEN occurs via diffusion. We examined PTEN mutants, seeking to identify a nuclear localization signal (NLS) for PTEN. Mutation of K13 and R14 decreased nuclear localization, but these amino acids do not appear to be part of an NLS. We used fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) to demonstrate that GFP-PTEN can passively pass through nuclear pores. Diffusion in the cytoplasm is retarded for the PTEN mutants that show reduced nuclear localization. We conclude that PTEN enters the nucleus by diffusion. In addition, sequestration of PTEN in the cytoplasm likely limits PTEN nuclear translocation. PMID:16088943

Liu, Fenghua; Wagner, Stefan; Campbell, Robert B; Nickerson, Jeffrey A; Schiffer, Celia A; Ross, Alonzo H

2005-10-01

268

INACTIVATION OF ENTERIC PATHOGENS DURING AEROBIC DIGESTION OF WASTEWATER SLUDGE  

EPA Science Inventory

The effects of aerobic and anaerobic digestion on enteric viruses, enteric bacteria, total aerobic bacteria, and intestinal parasites were studied under laboratory and field conditions. Under laboratory conditions, the temperature of the sludge digestion was the major factor infl...

269

Persistence among Full-Time Students at Illinois Central College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, a study was conducted at Illinois Central College (ICC) to identify pre- and post-enrollment variables that could serve as predictors of student persistence and to compare persistence between vocational and academic program students. From a population of 656 Applied Science students and 671 Arts and Science students who were first-time

Fischbach, Rita

270

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

271

Determining Minimum Cognitive Scores for the First-Time Academic Achievement Success on the Education Doctoral Comprehensive Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This purpose of the present study was to estimate minimum admission requirements using cognitive measures that will maximize candidate success on the doctoral comprehensive examination. Moreover, the present study established minimum scores on the Graduate Record Examinations (verbal and quantitative components) that will maximize doctoral student…

Cavil, Jafus Kenyatta

2009-01-01

272

Male clients' behaviours with and perspectives about their last male escort encounter: comparing repeat versus first-time hires.  

PubMed

Research on men who have sex with men suggests that condomless anal intercourse occurs more frequently in established sexual relationships. While comparable data regarding male-for-male escorting is unavailable, research implies that many clients seek emotional as well as physical connections with the men they hire. In 2012, 495 male clients, recruited via daddysreviews.com completed an online survey about their last hiring experience. Most participants were from the USA (85.7%), the UK and Canada (3.2% each). In total, 75% of encounters involved an escort hired for the first time; 25% were with a previously hired escort ('repeat encounter'). The client's age, lifetime number of escorts hired and number hired in the past year were positively associated with the last encounter being a repeat encounter. Cuddling, sharing a meal, drinking alcohol, taking a walk, watching a show and shopping were also positively associated with repeat encounters. Conversely, none of the sexual behaviours were significantly associated with repeat encounters. Repeat encounters were significantly more likely to include non-sexual behaviours alongside sexual activities, but no more likely to involve condomless anal intercourse. Moreover, clients' knowledge of escorts' HIV status was not significantly associated with engaging in condomless anal intercourse with repeat encounters. PMID:24915753

Wolff, Margaret M; Grov, Christian; Smith, Michael D; Koken, Juline A; Parsons, Jeffrey T

2014-01-01

273

How much does Low Socioeconomic Status Increase the Risk of Prenatal and Postpartum Depressive Symptoms in First Time Mothers?  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine socioeconomic status (SES) as a risk factor for depressive symptoms in late pregnancy and the early postpartum period. A secondary objective was to determine whether SES was a specific risk factor for elevated postpartum depressive symptoms beyond its contribution to prenatal depressive symptoms. Design Quantitative, secondary analysis, repeated measures, descriptive design. Setting Participants were recruited from paid childbirth classes serving upper middle class women and Medicaid-funded hospitals serving low-income clients in Northern California. Participants A sample of 198 first time mothers was assessed for depressive symptoms in their third trimester of pregnancy and at one, two, and three months postpartum. Main Outcome Measure Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale. Results Low SES was associated with increased depressive symptoms in late pregnancy and at 2 and 3 months, but not at 1 month postpartum. Women with four SES risk factors (low monthly income, less than a college education, unmarried, unemployed) were 11 times more likely than women with no SES risk factors to have clinically elevated depression scores at 3 months postpartum, even after controlling for the level of prenatal depressive symptoms. Conclusion Although new mothers from all SES strata are at risk for postpartum depression, SES factors including low education, low income, being unmarried, and being unemployed increased the risk of developing postpartum depressive symptoms in this sample. PMID:20133153

Goyal, Deepika; Gay, Caryl; Lee, Kathryn A.

2009-01-01

274

Prevalence of hepatitis C virus antibodies and genotypes in asymptomatic, first-time blood donors in Namibia.  

PubMed Central

Reported is the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Namibia as determined using a third-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on samples of blood collected from all asymptomatic, first-time blood donors between 1 February and 31 July 1997 (n = 1941). The HCV seroprevalence was 0.9% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.5-1.5%) and no associations were detected between a positive HCV serostatus and the person's sex, region of residence, or previous hepatitis B exposure or hepatitis B carrier status, as determined by hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). The only significant association in a logistic regression model was an increase in HCV positivity with increasing age (P = 0.04). Viral RNA was amplified from 2 out of 18 (11.1%) specimens that were ELISA positive. Genotyping of these specimens, by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), showed the presence of genotypes 5 and 1a. The positive predictive value of using HBsAg positivity as a surrogate screening marker for HCV in Namibian blood donors was poor (1.6%), with low sensitivity (16.7%) and specificity (89.3%), and detecting only 3 out of 18 serologically HCV-positive specimens. The results of this first study of the prevalence and epidemiology of HCV infection in Namibia suggest that donor blood should be screened for HCV by ELISA in order to prevent the transmission of hepatitis C virus. PMID:10680243

Vardas, E.; Sitas, F.; Seidel, K.; Casteling, A.; Sim, J.

1999-01-01

275

Nasogastric and Enteral Feeding Tubes GI/GU Nasogastric Tubes  

E-print Network

Nasogastric and Enteral Feeding Tubes GI/GU Nasogastric Tubes: Kendall Argyle Salem tube can should be high enough to evacuate the tube. 10 kg = 35-50 mmHg Nasogastric enteral. and 10 FR. Nasogastric and Enteral Feeding Tubes Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Heart Center

Kay, Mark A.

276

Detection of enteric pathogens in Turkey flocks affected with severe enteritis, in Brazil.  

PubMed

Twenty-two flocks of turkeys affected by enteric problems, with ages between 10 and 104 days and located in the Southern region of Brazil, were surveyed for turkey by PCR for turkey astrovirus type 2 (TAstV-2), turkey coronavirus (TCoV), hemorrhagic enteritis virus (HEV), rotavirus, reovirus, Salmonella spp., and Lawsonia intracellularis (Li) infections. Eleven profiles of pathogen combination were observed. The most frequently encountered pathogen combinations were TCoV-Li, followed by TCoV-TAstV-2-Li, TCoV-TastV-2. Only TCoV was detected as the sole pathogen in three flocks. Eight and 19 flocks of the 22 were positive for TAstV-2 and TCoV, respectively. Six were positive for Salmonella spp. and L. intracellularis was detected in 12 turkey flocks. Reovirus and HEV were not detected in this survey. These results throw new light on the multiple etiology of enteritis in turkeys. The implications of these findings and their correlation with the clinical signs are comprehensively discussed, illustrating the complexity of the enteric diseases. PMID:24817479

Moura-Alvarez, Joelma; Nuñez, Luis F N; Astolfi-Ferreira, Claudete S; Knöbl, Terezinha; Chacón, Jorge L; Moreno, Andrea M; Jones, Richard C; Ferreira, Antonio J Piantino

2014-08-01

277

Pathogenesis of Salmonella-induced enteritis.  

PubMed

Infections with Salmonella serotypes are a major cause of food-borne diseases worldwide. Animal models other than the mouse have been employed for the study of nontyphoidal Salmonella infections because the murine model is not suitable for the study of Salmonella-induced diarrhea. The microbe has developed mechanisms to exploit the host cell machinery to its own purpose. Bacterial proteins delivered directly into the host cell cytosol cause cytoskeletal changes and interfere with host cell signaling pathways, which ultimately enhance disease manifestation. Recently, marked advances have been made in our understanding of the molecular interactions between Salmonella serotypes and their hosts. Here, we discuss the molecular basis of the pathogenesis of Salmonella-induced enteritis. PMID:12532221

Santos, R L; Tsolis, R M; Bäumler, A J; Adams, L G

2003-01-01

278

[Endoscopic and surgical procedures for enteral nutrition].  

PubMed

Standardized management of oncology patients necessarily includes screening for nutritional risk. Weight loss of >?5 kg within 3 months and diminished food intake are warning signals even in overweight patients. In case oral nutrition is neither adequate nor feasible even by fortification or oral nutritional supplements, the implantation of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or fine needle catheter jejunostomy (FNCJ) offers enteral access for long-term nutritional support. Although the indications derive from fulfilling caloric needs, endoscopic or operative measures are not considered to be an urgent or even emergency measure. The endoscopist or surgeon should be fully aware and informed of the indications and make a personal assessment of the situation. The implantation of a feeding tube requires informed consent of the patient or legal surrogates. The review summarizes recent indications, technical problems and complications. PMID:23719727

Wallstabe, I; Tiedemann, A; Schiefke, I; Weimann, A

2013-07-01

279

Epizootic necrotic enteritis in wild geese.  

PubMed

Outbreaks of a disease characterized by severe necrotic enteritis occurred among Canada geese (Branta canadensis), lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens), Ross' geese (A. rossi), and white-fronted geese (A. albifrons) on lakes in Saskatchewan and Manitoba during the autumn of 1983, 1984 and 1985. Ducks using the lakes were apparently not affected. Lesions in the geese closely resembled those described in enteritides in other species associated with the proliferation of Clostridium perfringens in the small intestine. Clostridium perfringens was present in large numbers in the affected areas of the intestine of the geese; other pathogens were not identified. It is hypothesized that an abrupt change in diet as geese begin to feed on grain disrupts the intestinal microflora, allowing C. perfringens to proliferate in the upper small intestine. Toxins produced by the bacteria then cause mucosal necrosis. Protease-inhibitory substances in some grains might also have a role in the disease. PMID:3625893

Wobeser, G; Rainnie, D J

1987-07-01

280

Impact of steroid maintenance on the outcomes in first-time deceased donor kidney transplant recipients: Analysis by induction type  

PubMed Central

AIM: To analyze the impact of steroid maintenance on the outcomes in kidney transplant recipients stratified by induction agent received. METHODS: Patients who underwent first-time deceased donor kidney transplantation between 2000 and 2008 after receiving induction therapy with rabbit-antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG), alemtuzumab or an interleukin-2 receptor blocker (IL-2B) and discharged on a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)/mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-regimen along with or without steroids were identified from the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network/United Network of Organ Sharing database. For each induction type, adjusted overall and death-censored graft as well as patient survivals were compared between patients discharged on steroid vs no steroid. Among r-ATG induced patients, analysis was repeated after splitting the group into low and high immune risk groups. RESULTS: Among the 37217 patients included in the analysis, 17863 received r-ATG (steroid = 13001, no-steroid = 4862), 3028 alemtuzumab (steroid = 852, no-steroid = 2176) and 16326 IL-2B (steroid = 15008, no-steroid = 1318). Adjusted overall graft survival was inferior (HR = 1.16, 95%CI: 1.06-1.27, P = 0.002) with similar death-censored graft survival (HR = 0.99, 95%CI: 0.86-1.14, P = 0.86) for steroid vs no-steroid groups in r-ATG induced patients. Both adjusted overall and death-censored graft survivals for steroid vs no-steroid groups were similar in alemtuzumab (HR = 0.92, 95%CI: 0.73-1.15, P = 0.47 and HR = 0.87, 95%CI: 0.62-1.22, P = 0.43 respectively) and IL-2B (HR = 1.05, 95%CI: 0.91-1.21, P = 0.48 and HR = 0.94, 95%CI: 0.75-1.18, P = 0.60 respectively) induced groups. Adjusted patient survivals were inferior for steroid vs no-steroid groups in r-ATG induced (HR = 1.31, 95%CI: 1.15-1.49, P < 0.001) but similar in alemtuzumab (HR = 1.02, 95%CI: 0.75-1.38, P = 0.92) and IL-2B (HR = 1.17, 95%CI: 0.97-1.40, P = 0.10) induced patients. Among the r-ATG induced group there were 4346 patients in the low immune risk and 13517 patients in the high immune risk group. Adjusted overall graft survivals were inferior for steroid vs no steroid groups in both low immune (HR = 1.34, 95%CI: 1.09-1.64, P = 0.001) and high immune (HR = 1.18, 95%CI: 1.07-1.30, P = 0.005) risk groups. Adjusted death-censored graft survivals for steroid vs no steroid groups were similar in both low (HR = 1.06, 95%CI: 0.78-1.45, P = 0.70) and high (HR = 1.04, 95%CI: 0.98-1.20, P = 0.60) immune risk groups. Adjusted patient survivals were inferior for steroid vs no steroid groups in both low immune (HR = 1.54, 95%CI: 1.18-2.02, P < 0.001) and high immune (HR = 1.32, 95%CI: 1.16-1.51, P = 0.002) risk groups. Overall, there were significantly higher deaths from infections and cardiovascular causes in patients maintained on steroids. CONCLUSION: Our study showed an association between steroid addition to a CNI/MMF-maintenance regimen and increased death with functioning graft in patients receiving r-ATG induction for first-time deceased donor kidney transplantation. PMID:25346892

Sureshkumar, Kalathil K; Hussain, Sabiha M; Thai, Ngoc L; Ko, Tina Y; Nashar, Khaled; Marcus, Richard J

2014-01-01

281

Assessing Students' Moral Reasoning of a Values-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' moral reasoning was assessed at a religiously affiliated liberal arts university. Cohort data were collected from undergraduate students who had entered the university as freshmen: 364 students in 2007 and 264 students in 2009. The results indicated that there was a significant increase in students' post-conventional moral reasoning…

You, Di; Penny, Neil H.

2011-01-01

282

Ten years of hip fractures in Italy: For the first time a decreasing trend in elderly women  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the hospitalization rate of femoral neck fractures in the elderly Italian population over ten years. METHODS: We analyzed national hospitalizations records collected at central level by the Ministry of Health from 2000 to 2009. Age- and sex-specific rates of fractures occurred at femoral neck in people ? 65 years old. We performed a sub-analysis over a three-year period (2007-2009), presenting data per five-year age groups, in order to evaluate the incidence of the hip fracture in the oldest population. RESULTS: We estimated a total of 839008 hospitalizations due to femoral neck fractures between 2000 and 2009 in people ? 65, with an overall increase of 29.8% over 10 years. The incidence per 10000 inhabitants remarkably increased in people ? 75, passing from 158.5 to 166.8 (+5.2%) and from 72.6 to 77.5 (+6.8%) over the ten-year period in women and men, respectively. The oldest age group (people > 85 years old) accounted for more than 42% of total hospital admissions in 2009 (n = 39000), despite representing only 2.5% of the Italian population. Particularly, women aged > 85 accounted for 30.8% of total fractures, although they represented just 1.8% of the general population. The results of this analysis indicate that the incidence of hip fractures progressively increased from 2000 to 2009, but a reduction can be observed for the first time in women ? 75 (-7.9% between 2004 and 2009). CONCLUSION: Incidence of hip fractures in Italy are continuously increasing, although women aged 65-74 years old started showing a decreasing trend. PMID:25035844

Piscitelli, Prisco; Feola, Maurizio; Rao, Cecilia; Celi, Monica; Gasbarra, Elena; Neglia, Cosimo; Quarta, Giuseppe; Liuni, Federico Maria; Parri, Simone; Iolascon, Giovanni; Brandi, Maria Luisa; Distante, Alessandro; Tarantino, Umberto

2014-01-01

283

Dosage Effect of Prenatal Home Visiting on Pregnancy Outcomes in At-Risk, First-Time Mothers  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Home visiting programs seek to improve care management for women at high risk for preterm birth (<37 weeks). Our objective was to evaluate the effect of home visiting dosage on preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women in southwest Ohio with a singleton pregnancy enrolled in home visiting before 26 weeks’ gestation. Vital statistics and hospital discharge data were linked with home visiting data from 2007 to 2010 to ascertain birth outcomes. Eligibility for home visiting required ?1 of 4 risk factors: unmarried, low income, <18 years of age, or suboptimal prenatal care. Logistic regression tested the association of gestational age at enrollment and number of home visits before 26 weeks with preterm birth. Proportional hazards analysis tested the association of total number of home visits with SGA status. RESULTS: Among 441 participants enrolled by 26 weeks, 10.9% delivered preterm; 17.9% of infants were born SGA. Mean gestational age at enrollment was 18.9 weeks; mean number of prenatal home visits was 8.2. In multivariable regression, ?8 completed visits by 26 weeks compared with ?3 visits was associated with an odds ratio 0.38 for preterm birth (95% confidence interval: 0.16–0.87), while having ?12 total home visits compared with ?3 visits was significantly associated with a hazards ratio 0.32 for SGA (95% confidence interval: 0.15–0.68). CONCLUSIONS: Among at-risk, first time mothers enrolled prenatally in home visiting, higher dosage of intervention is associated with reduced likelihood of adverse pregnancy outcomes. PMID:24187113

Hall, Eric S.; Meinzen-Derr, Jareen K.; Kahn, Robert S.; Short, Jodie A.; Van Ginkel, Judith B.; Ammerman, Robert T.

2013-01-01

284

Enteric glial cells: New players in Parkinson's disease?  

PubMed

Lewy pathology has been described in neurons of the enteric nervous system in nearly all Parkinson's disease (PD) patients at autopsy. The enteric nervous system not only contains a variety of functionally distinct enteric neurons but also harbors a prominent component of glial cells, the so-called enteric glial cells, which, like astrocytes of the central nervous system, contribute to support, protect, and maintain the neural network. A growing body of evidence supports a role for enteric glial cells in the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease and chronic constipation. We have recently shown that enteric glial cell dysfunction occurs in PD. In the present review, we discuss the possible implications of enteric glia in PD-related gut dysfunction as well as in disease initiation and development. © 2014 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society. PMID:25100667

Clairembault, Thomas; Leclair-Visonneau, Laurène; Neunlist, Michel; Derkinderen, Pascal

2014-08-01

285

Enteral ecoimmunonutrition reduced enteral permeability and serum ghrelin activity in severe cerebral stroke patients with lung infection.  

PubMed

The study analyzed how enteral ecoimmunonutrition, which comprises probiotics, glutamine, fish oil, and Enteral Nutritional Suspension (TPF), can impact on the enteral permeability and serum Ghrelin activity in severe cerebral stroke patients with lung infection. Among 190 severe cerebral stroke patients with tolerance to TPF, they were randomized into control and treatment groups after antibiotics treatment due to lung infections. There were 92 patients in the control group and 98 patients in treatment group. The control group was treated with TPF and the treatment group was treated with enteral ecoimmunonutrition, which comprises probiotics, glutamine, fish oil, and Enteral Nutritional Suspension. All patients received continuous treatments through nasoenteral or nasogastric tubes. 7, 14, and 21 days after the treatments, the enteral tolerance to nutrition was observed in both groups. The tests included abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, and lactulose/mannitol (L/M) ratio. Serum Ghrelin levels were determined by ELISA. The incidence of abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea was lower in the treatment group and enteral tolerance to nutrition was also superior to the control group. No difference in serum Ghrelin level was observed between the control and treatment groups with enteral intolerance to nutrition. However, in patients with enteral tolerance to nutrition, the treatment group showed lower enteral nutrition and lower enteral permeability compared to the control group. In severe cerebral stroke patients with lung infection, enteral ecoimmunonutrition after antibiotics treatment improved enteral tolerance to nutrition and reduced enteral permeability; meanwhile, it lowered the serum Ghrelin activity, which implied the high serum Ghrelin reduces enteral permeability. PMID:25142270

Xu, Xiao-Di; Shao, Feng

2015-01-01

286

Meet Three of AGU's 2013 Student Travel Grant Recipients  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Donations to the Annual Student Travel Grant Fund allowed more than 200 AGU student members to present their research for the first time at the 2013 AGU Fall Meeting. The Annual Student Travel Grant Fund (see https://giving.agu.org/campaign/vcc/) provides financial assistance to U.S. and international students who have little or no support from their institutions. AGU encourages female students and students from underrepresented minorities or countries to apply to this program.

Howard, Claire

2014-04-01

287

Astrobiology Student Science Fair Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extrasolar Planet Transit and The Light Curve of a Variable Star are some titles of high school student projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. These students were mentored by teachers who participated in the UH Institute for Astronomy Toward Other Planetary Systems summer program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech. After attending several 3-week TOPS NSF

M. Kadooka; K. J. Meech

2004-01-01

288

Rice University | Faculty | Researchers Undergraduates Grad Students Faculty & Researchers Staff Alumni  

E-print Network

Rice University | Faculty | Researchers Undergraduates Grad Students Faculty & Researchers Staff At a Glance About Rice Rice Facts 2009 Students and Postdoctoral Appointees Entering Class Enrollment Resources Administration Historical Facts Archives About OIR Rice News Feed Font Size Rice Facts Students

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

289

Parvovirus enteritis in vaccinated juvenile bush dogs.  

PubMed

Parvovirus enteritis developed in 10 of 17 vaccinated juvenile bush dogs (Speothos venaticus) from 4 litters in a 5-month period. Nine dogs died. The first outbreak involved 6 of 9 bush dogs from 2 litters. Each had been vaccinated with a killed feline-origin parvovirus vaccine at 11 and 14 weeks of age. The 6 affected dogs became ill at 29 weeks of age and died. The second outbreak involved a litter of 6 bush dogs. Each had been vaccinated every 2 weeks starting at 5 weeks of age. Two were isolated from the colony at 16 weeks of age for treatment of foot sores. Three of the 4 nonisolated dogs developed parvovirus enteritis at 20 weeks of age; 2 died at 6 and 8 days, respectively, after onset of signs. The 3rd outbreak involved a litter of 2 bush dogs. Both had been vaccinated every 2 to 3 weeks, starting at 6 weeks of age. One of these dogs became ill at 17 weeks and died 13 days later. A litter of 6 maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus) and a litter of 3 bush dogs were isolated from their parent colonies at 13 and 15 weeks of age, respectively. Each animal had been vaccinated weekly, beginning at 8 weeks of age, using an inactivated canine-origin parvovirus vaccine. None of the isolated animals developed the disease. Serologic testing during isolation did not reveal protective titers (greater than or equal to 1:80) against canine parvovirus in the bush dogs until they were 23 weeks old, whereas protective titers developed in the maned wolves when they were 14 to 18 weeks old. One hand-raised bush dog was vaccinated weekly, beginning at 8 weeks of age, and a protective titer developed by 21 weeks of age. It was concluded that the juvenile bush dogs went through a period during which maternal antibodies interfered with immunization, yet did not protect against the disease. When the pups were isolated from the colony during this period, then vaccinated repeatedly until protective titers developed, the disease was prevented. PMID:6890953

Janssen, D L; Bartz, C R; Bush, M; Marchwicki, R H; Grate, S J; Montali, R J

1982-12-01

290

Student Attitude Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A ten item questionnaire dealing with parental family income, the legalization of marijuana, pollution, and a volunteer army was administered to the entering freshman class on September 6, 1970. The results indicate that the freshmen tend to underestimate the actual earning power of their fellow students' families by approximately $1,800. However,…

Aleamoni, Lawrence M.

291

‘Inconvenient biology:’ advantages and disadvantages of first-time parenting after age 40 using in vitro fertilization  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND As ages at first birth have steadily risen in the industrial west over the last several decades, the phenomenon of ‘delayed childbearing’ has come under research scrutiny by demographers, medical specialists and social scientists. In this study, we specifically explore the perceived advantages and disadvantages of postponed conception as well as participants’ retrospective opinions on the ‘optimal age’ for parenting. METHODS To this end, we examined a cohort purposely chosen to epitomize delayed childbearing, i.e. men and women who used IVF to conceive at the very end of their reproductive capability. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted between 2009 and 2011 with 46 couples and 15 individual self-selected US women and men who had used IVF to conceive their first child when the woman was aged 40 or older at the time of delivery. Although the demographics of this cohort were consistent with others who use IVF in the USA, their median income was 3–4 times higher than that of the average US family, which may bias their largely positive parenting experiences. RESULTS Most women and men believed that childbearing later in life resulted in advantages for themselves and their families. These included having established careers with financial security and career-time flexibility, enhanced emotional preparedness, committed co-parenting relationships and a positive overall family experience. The main disadvantage was the unexpected difficulty in conceiving that culminated in the use of IVF and resulted in a smaller family than desired, although many expressed feeling ‘lucky’ to have children at all. Other disadvantages were lack of energy for parenting, less available lifetime to spend with children and anticipated stigma as older parents. CONCLUSIONS These disadvantages appear to have influenced conception and parenting experiences so that in hindsight the majority of participants identified the optimal age for first-time parenting as 5–10 years earlier than they had conceived. This age range was imagined to maximize the financial and emotional advantages of later parenting while minimizing the impact of age-related infertility, diminished energy, anticipated health issues and the social stigma of appearing too old to parent. PMID:22333985

Mac Dougall, K.; Beyene, Y.; Nachtigall, R.D.

2012-01-01

292

Descriptive Summary of 1995-96 Beginning Postsecondary Students: Six Years Later. Statistical Analysis Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the enrollment, persistence, and degree attainment of students who began postsecondary education for the first time in the 1995-1996 academic year. It covers the experiences of these first-time beginners over a period of 6 academic years, from 1995-1996 to 2000-2001, and provides information about the rates at which students…

Berkner, Lutz; He, Shirley; Cataldi, Emily Forrest

293

INSTRUCTIONS 1. Enter your student identification number and full name as they appear on your student  

E-print Network

Studies 379 Film 387 French 9A1Gender and Women's Studies 396 Geography 408 German 414 Greek 429 History Music 587 Native American Studies Near Eastern Studies 5C1 Near Eastern Civilizations 5C2 Ancient American 919 Hispanic Languages & Bilingual Issues 891 Statistics 9A2Theater & Performance Studies Other

California at Irvine, University of

294

DRUG RESISTANCE OF ENTERIC BACTERIA II.  

PubMed Central

Harada, Kenji (Gunma University, Maebashi, Japan), Mitsuo Kameda, Mitsue Suzuki, and Susumu Mitsuhashi. Drug resistance of enteric bacteria. II. Transduction of transmissible drug-resistance (R) factors with phage epsilon. J. Bacteriol. 86:1332–1338. 1963.—Transmissible drug-resistance (R) factors, which transfer resistance to tetracycline (TC), chloramphenicol, streptomycin, and sulfonamide by cell-to-cell contact, were found to be transduced in the system of Salmonella E group with phage epsilon (?15 and ?34). The R+ transductants of S. newington (S-84) and S. chittagong (S-224) were all found to be unable to transfer their R factors by conjugation, and their R factors were not eliminated by treatment with acridine dyes so far as tested. The R factors containing TC resistance were consistently segregated when transduced. At low multiplicities of infection, the R+ transductants with ?15 were all nonlysogenic and unable to produce normal ?15 phage particles; among the R+ transductants with ?34, 34% were lysogenic and 66% were sensitive to ?34. PMID:14086110

Harada, Kenji; Kameda, Mitsuo; Suzuki, Mitsue; Mitsuhashi, Susumu

1963-01-01

295

Tracheopleuropulmonary injuries following enteral tube insertion.  

PubMed Central

Eighty-three cases of tracheopleuropulmonary injuries complicating enteral tube feeding are analyzed to identify the patterns of injury, and precipitating factors and ways to avoid them. Six new cases observed by the authors and 77 other cases cited in British literature between 1976 and 1987 are presented. In recent years, reports of this complication have been increasing, apparently in a geometrical progression: 8%, 18%, and 74% were reported between 1976 to 1979, 1980 to 1983, and 1984 to 1987, respectively. Sixty-one percent occurred in patients aged 60 years or older. Most of the patients (84%) were seriously ill, which compounded their complications. Seventy-four percent of all injuries were committed by house staff; the narrow bore tube with guide wire was used in 77% of cases. Less than reliable methods were used to confirm tube position in most instances. The presence of cuffed endotracheal tubes did not offer protection. The patients on mechanical ventilation tended to deteriorate if they developed a pneumothorax once the malpositioned tubes were removed. Of the cases reviewed for this report, 18 deaths occurred; 72% being directly related to the tube injuries. Lack of awareness, inadequate confirmatory methods, and insufficient supervision accounted for most of these preventable complications. Educating house/nursing staff in the use of the new tubes, closer supervision, and the application of equal measures of care and caution as employed in other invasive and potentially dangerous procedures are recommended to avoid disastrous outcome. PMID:2496234

Odocha, O.; Lowery, R. C.; Mezghebe, H. M.; Siram, S. M.; Warner, O. G.

1989-01-01

296

Mathematical modelling of enteric neural motor patterns.  

PubMed

1. The enteric nervous system modulates intestinal behaviours, such as motor patterns and secretion. Although much is known about different types of neurons and simple reflexes in the intestine, it remains unclear how complex behaviours are generated. 2. Mathematical modelling is an important tool for assisting the understanding of how the neurons and reflexes can be pieced together to generate intestinal behaviours. 3. Models have identified a functional role for slow excitatory post-synaptic potentials (EPSPs) by distinguishing between fast and slow EPSPs in the ascending excitation reflex. These models also discovered coordinated firing of similarly located neurons as emergent properties of feed-forward networks of interneurons in the intestine. A model of the recurrent network of intrinsic sensory neurons identified important control mechanisms to prevent uncontrolled firing due to positive feedback and that the interaction between these control mechanisms and slow EPSPs is necessary for the networks to encode ongoing sensory stimuli. This model also showed that such networks may mediate migrating motor complexes. 4. A network model of vasoactive intestinal peptide neurons in the submucosal plexus found this relatively sparse recurrent network could produce uncontrolled firing under conditions that appear to be related to cholera toxin-induced hypersecretion. 5. Abstract modelling of the intestinal fed-state motor patterns has identified how stationary contractions can arise from a polarized network. 6. These models have also helped predict and/or explained pharmacological evidence for two rhythm generators and the requirement of feedback from contractions in the circular muscle. PMID:24471867

Chambers, Jordan D; Thomas, Evan A; Bornstein, Joel C

2014-03-01

297

Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 24 Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class  

E-print Network

Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 24 Chemistry Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 306 Number of students enrolled 32 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 143 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 22 Median years to Ph.D. 5.3 Percent

298

Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 13 Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class  

E-print Network

Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 13 Management Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 437 Number of students enrolled 11 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 38 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 2 Median years to Ph.D. 5.3 Percent

299

Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 20 Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class  

E-print Network

Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 20 Physics Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 352 Number of students enrolled 19 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 106 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 16 Median years to Ph.D. 6.3 Percent

300

Entering First-Year Residents' Experiences and Knowledge of Infection Control of Hepatitis B and HIV, at Five University-Affiliated Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 149 entering first-year medical residents concerning experiences with and knowledge of infection control investigated occurrence and patterns of accidental needle-sticking and reporting, student immunization for Hepatitis B, and instruction in universal precautions. It is concluded that students are at risk for needle-sticking, but…

Goetz, Angella; And Others

1992-01-01

301

Perceived stress and physio-psycho-social status of nursing students during their initial period of clinical practice: the effect of coping behaviors.  

PubMed

Initial clinical practice is stressful. Nursing students entering clinical practice for the first time in a five-year associate degree program in Taiwan are young and have questionable coping skills, all of which can affect their own health. This study examined the following: (1) the degree of stress perceived and types of stressful events; (2) the physio-psycho-social status of nursing students during the practice; (3) the coping behaviors of these students; and (4) the effect of different coping behaviors on their physio-psycho-social health. The subjects were 561 nursing students who had completed their initial clinical practice at the largest nursing school in Taiwan. Three measurements, including Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Physio-Psycho-Social Response Scale (PPSRS), and Coping Behavior Inventory (CBI), were adopted. Results showed that stress for these students came mainly from the lack of professional knowledge and skills as well as caring of patients. The most common response to stress was social behavioral symptoms. Staying optimistic had a positive main effect, which reduced the occurrence of physio-psycho-social symptoms and improved physio-psycho-social status. Finally, problem-solving behavior also had a positive main effect, while avoidance had a negative main effect, which deteriorated physio-psycho-social status. This study has important implications for nursing educators in helping their students to overcome stress during clinical practice. PMID:11755447

Sheu, Sheila; Lin, Huey Shyan; Hwang, Shiow Li

2002-02-01

302

Diet and Environment Shape Fecal Bacterial Microbiota Composition and Enteric Pathogen Load of Grizzly Bears  

PubMed Central

Background Diet and environment impact the composition of mammalian intestinal microbiota; dietary or health disturbances trigger alterations in intestinal microbiota composition and render the host susceptible to enteric pathogens. To date no long term monitoring data exist on the fecal microbiota and pathogen load of carnivores either in natural environments or in captivity. This study investigates fecal microbiota composition and the presence of pathogenic Escherichia coli and toxigenic clostridia in wild and captive grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and relates these to food resources consumed by bears. Methodology/Principal Findings Feces were obtained from animals of two wild populations and from two captive animals during an active bear season. Wild animals consumed a diverse diet composed of plant material, animal prey and insects. Captive animals were fed a regular granulated diet with a supplement of fruits and vegetables. Bacterial populations were analyzed using quantitative PCR. Fecal microbiota composition fluctuated in wild and in captive animals. The abundance of Clostridium clusters I and XI, and of C. perfringens correlated to regular diet protein intake. Enteroaggregative E. coli were consistently present in all populations. The C. sordellii phospholipase C was identified in three samples of wild animals and for the first time in Ursids. Conclusion This is the first longitudinal study monitoring the fecal microbiota of wild carnivores and comparing it to that of captive individuals of the same species. Location and diet affected fecal bacterial populations as well as the presence of enteric pathogens. PMID:22194798

Schwab, Clarissa; Cristescu, Bogdan; Northrup, Joseph M.; Stenhouse, Gordon B.; Gänzle, Michael

2011-01-01

303

Spatial Segregation of Virulence Gene Expression during Acute Enteric Infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT To establish a replicative niche during its infectious cycle between the intestinal lumen and tissue, the enteric pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium requires numerous virulence genes, including genes for two type III secretion systems (T3SS) and their cognate effectors. To better understand the host-pathogen relationship, including early infection dynamics and induction kinetics of the bacterial virulence program in the context of a natural host, we monitored the subcellular localization and temporal expression of T3SS-1 and T3SS-2 using fluorescent single-cell reporters in a bovine, ligated ileal loop model of infection. We observed that the majority of bacteria at 2 h postinfection are flagellated, express T3SS-1 but not T3SS-2, and are associated with the epithelium or with extruding enterocytes. In epithelial cells, S. Typhimurium cells were surrounded by intact vacuolar membranes or present within membrane-compromised vacuoles that typically contained numerous vesicular structures. By 8 h postinfection, T3SS-2-expressing bacteria were detected in the lamina propria and in the underlying mucosa, while T3SS-1-expressing bacteria were in the lumen. Our work identifies for the first time the temporal and spatial regulation of T3SS-1 and -2 expression during an enteric infection in a natural host and provides further support for the concept of cytosolic S. Typhimurium in extruding epithelium as a mechanism for reseeding the lumen. PMID:24496791

Laughlin, Richard C.; Knodler, Leigh A.; Barhoumi, Roula; Payne, H. Ross; Wu, Jing; Gomez, Gabriel; Pugh, Roberta; Lawhon, Sara D.; Bäumler, Andreas J.; Steele-Mortimer, Olivia; Adams, L. Garry

2014-01-01

304

15 CFR 270.322 - Voluntary permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...members to enter property where building components, materials,...

2011-01-01

305

15 CFR 270.322 - Voluntary permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...members to enter property where building components, materials,...

2010-01-01

306

15 CFR 270.322 - Voluntary permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...members to enter property where building components, materials,...

2014-01-01

307

15 CFR 270.322 - Voluntary permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...members to enter property where building components, materials,...

2013-01-01

308

15 CFR 270.322 - Voluntary permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...members to enter property where building components, materials,...

2012-01-01

309

Online Options for Math-Advanced Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Once upon a time, a student well advanced past grade level in math would have had few choices. Advanced students would invariably outpace the skills of their elementary teachers, and due to age wouldn't have options such as going to the middle school or community college for classes. Soon thereafter, students would enter middle school only to find…

Wessling, Suki

2012-01-01

310

Student & Client Support Services Procedure Document  

E-print Network

shot below: Network Name: Wits-Wifi (please note that both W's must be in capital letters). Security of the following: For Staff Members: The username will be ds\\Staff Number, the password will be your Logon Password. For Students: The username will be students\\Student Number, the password will be your Logon Password. Enter

Wagner, Stephan

311

Ethical Responsibilities: Preparing Students for the Real Art Therapy World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report addresses several educators' attempts to prepare their students for entering the "real" art therapy world. Two important components necessary to prepare students for entering the professional arenas are introduced: the need to translate theory into practice and the ability to communicate and negotiate with other helping professionals.…

Gussak, David E.; Orr, Penelope

2005-01-01

312

HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours among MSM repeat and first-time testers in China: implications for HIV prevention  

PubMed Central

Introduction Little is known about HIV testing, HIV infection and sexual behaviour among bathhouse patrons in China. This study aims to assess differences in HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending bathhouse in Tianjin, China. Methods Between March 2011 and September 2012, a HIV voluntary counselling and testing station was established in a gay bathhouse, which provided HIV testing and conducted a survey among participants recruited through snowball sampling. Differences in demographic and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers were assessed using the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors for HIV infection. Results Of the 1642 respondents, 699 (42.6%) were repeat testers and 943 (57.4%) were first-time testers. Among repeat testers, a higher proportion were men aged 18 to 25, single, better educated, had a history of STIs and worked as male sex workers or “money boys” (MBs). Repeat testers were less likely to report having unprotected anal intercourse in the past six months. The overall HIV prevalence was 12.4% (203/1642). There was no difference in HIV prevalence between repeat (11.2%, 78/699) and first-time (13.3%, 125/943) testers. The HIV prevalence increased with age among first-time testers (?trend2=9.816, p=0.002). First-time MB testers had the highest HIV prevalence of 34.5%. Conclusions MSM attending bathhouse had an alarmingly high HIV infection rate, particularly in MB. Targeted interventions are urgently needed especially focusing on older MSM and MBs. PMID:24993457

Bai, Xue; Xu, Jie; Yang, Jie; Yang, Bo; Yu, Maohe; Gao, Yongjun; Dong, Willa M; Wu, Zunyou

2014-01-01

313

Lymphoma Vaccine Enters Large-Scale Clinical Trials  

Cancer.gov

For the first time, results of a recently completed lymphoma cancer vaccine study show that there is a clear anti-tumor effect in a small group of patients who were vaccinated over the course of five years.

314

Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, I draw on Bahr's ("Research in Higher Education" 51:724-749, 2010; New Directions for Institutional Research S1:33-48, 2011) behavioral typology of first-time community college students to examine college-level variation in students' patterns of use of 105 community colleges in California. I find that students' patterns of use vary…

Bahr, Peter Riley

2013-01-01

315

The Effect of MSW Education on Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Substance Abusing Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entering ("n"?=?475) and graduating ("n"?=?454) students at 3 master's of social work programs in the northeast were compared regarding their knowledge and attitudes concerning working with substance abusing clients. In comparison to entering students, graduating students demonstrated modestly higher levels of knowledge,…

Senreich, Evan; Straussner, Shulamith Lala A.

2013-01-01

316

REVIEW Open Access Lupus enteritis: from clinical findings to  

E-print Network

REVIEW Open Access Lupus enteritis: from clinical findings to therapeutic management Peter Janssens-Charles Piette1 and Zahir Amoura1,3,6 Abstract Lupus enteritis is a rare and poorly understood cause of abdominal pain in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we report a series of 7 new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

317

Animal models of Salmonella infections: enteritis versus typhoid fever.  

PubMed

The most common disease syndromes caused by Salmonella serotypes in humans, typhoid fever and enteritis, can be modeled using Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium infections in mice and calves, respectively. This article reviews murine typhoid and bovine enteritis and discusses strengths, limitations and distinctive features of these animal models. PMID:11755423

Santos, R L; Zhang, S; Tsolis, R M; Kingsley, R A; Adams, L G; Bäumler, A J

2001-01-01

318

Animal models of Salmonella infections: enteritis versus typhoid fever  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most common disease syndromes caused by Salmonella serotypes in humans, typhoid fever and enteritis, can be modeled using Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium infections in mice and calves, respectively. This article reviews murine typhoid and bovine enteritis and discusses strengths, limitations and distinctive features of these animal models.

Renato L. Santos; Shuping Zhang; Renée M. Tsolis; Robert A. Kingsley; L. Garry Adams; Andreas J. Bäumler

2001-01-01

319

Enteric intussusception presenting as a rapidly enlarging mass.  

PubMed

Enteric intussusception is unusual in adults and frequently presents in a confusing manner. A case of jejunojejunal intussusception is presented in which a 15-cm abdominal mass developed in 24 h. The plain film, barium, and ultrasound findings in enteric intussusception are stressed. PMID:3518410

Trenkner, S W; Wilson, J A; Coon, W W; Jongeward, R H

1986-06-01

320

Sequence analysis of parvoviruses associated with enteric disease of poultry  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome (PEMS) and Runting-Stunting Syndrome (RSS) are significant viral enteric diseases of poultry. The etiology of these diseases is not completely understood. Here, we report the application of a molecular screening method that was designed to detect novel viruses from...

321

Original article Enteric bacterial pathogen detection in southern sea otters  

E-print Network

Original article Enteric bacterial pathogen detection in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis for nearly a century, California's sea otters have been slow to recover, in part due to exposure to fecally and dead sea otters from California for specific enteric bacterial pathogens (Campylobacter, Salmonella

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

Enteral Nutrition in Crohn's Disease: An Underused Therapy  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the literature on the history, efficacy, and putative mechanism of action of enteral nutrition for inflammatory bowel disease in both paediatric and adult patients. It also analyses the reasoning behind the low popularity of exclusive enteral nutrition in clinical practice despite the benefits and safety profile. PMID:24382954

Kansal, S.; Wagner, J.; Kirkwood, C. D.; Catto-Smith, A. G.

2013-01-01

323

1What do first-time mothers worry about? A study of usage patterns and content of calls made to a postpartum support telephone hotline  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Telephone hotlines designed to address common concerns in the early postpartum could be a useful resource for parents. Our aim was to test the feasibility of using a telephone as an intervention in a randomized controlled trial. We also aimed to test to use of algorithms to address parental concerns through a telephone hotline. METHODS: Healthy first-time mothers were

Hibah Osman; Monique Chaaya; Lama El Zein; Georges Naassan; Livia Wick

2010-01-01

324

Married men's first time experiences of early childbearing and their role in sexual and reproductive decision making: a qualitative study from rural Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Male partners' involvement in women's sexual and reproductive health has been increasingly emphasised in international health. A qualitative approach with open-ended qualitative interviews was used to explore young, married men's first time experiences of early childbearing, their sexual and reproductive decision making and the meanings they make of their role as husbands and fathers. The results offer a nuanced picture

Marie Klingberg-Allvin; Vanja Berggren; Nguyen Thanh Binh; Bharati Bijay; Annika Johansson

2012-01-01

325

Surviving the First Time Through: A New Instructor's Views on Designing and Teaching Economic Geography and How Mentoring Early-Career Faculty Can Help  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the reflections of a new instructor of economic geography in the USA. The author offers practical advice for designing and delivering a course for the first time. Suggestions are given in support of the view that sharing knowledge of effective teaching practices is an important component of mentoring early-career faculty. By…

Jocoy, Christine L.

2006-01-01

326

Altered States of Consciousness and Short-Term Psychological After-Effects Induced by the First Time Ritual Use of Ayahuasca in an Urban Context in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes psychological assessments of the first time ritual use of ayahuasca in the religious groups Uni?o do Vegetal and Santo Daime. Nineteen subjects who tried the beverage in Santo Daime rituals and nine subjects who tried it in Uni?o do Vegetal rituals were evaluated one to four days before their first ayahuasca experience in life and one to

Paulo Cesar Ribeiro Barbosa; Joel Sales Giglio; Paulo Dalgalarrondo

2005-01-01

327

School of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering From the first time you log on to our website to when you shake  

E-print Network

School of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering From the first time you log on to our of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering Smart devices, smart solutions... smart people. #12;2 School of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering Welcome I am delighted that you are interested in engineering

Birmingham, University of

328

A new 2D world for physicists? Recent successes in producing for the first time crystal structures made of an isolated single atomic  

E-print Network

honeycomb structure in a plane and the atoms in the plane are very strongly bound one to the otherA new 2D world for physicists? Recent successes in producing for the first time crystal structures made of an isolated single atomic layer (i.e. the atoms are located in a periodic lattice

Qian, Ning

329

Discovered for the first time in the UK in July 2002, the horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella is now spreading rapidly from its first known location in  

E-print Network

Discovered for the first time in the UK in July 2002, the horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria.ohridella mine just under the upper surface of the leaf. When held up to the light the mines appear whitish the underside of the leaf remains green. Fungal lesions in contrast are brown (see below) and affect both

330

PSU ARL Additive Manufacturing Capstone Project For the first time the PSU ARL, the IE480W CIMP-3D Group at Penn State showed that  

E-print Network

PSU ARL Additive Manufacturing Capstone Project For the first time the PSU ARL, the IE480W CIMP-3D Processing by Direct Digital Deposition (CIMP-3D), is a program utilizing Additive Manufacturing (AM was to develop an understanding of how key operating parameters such as layer thickness, manufacturing

Demirel, Melik C.

331

Vision Statement for Cosmic Ray Detector A great moment of clarity happened for me the first time I got my hands on a  

E-print Network

detector equipment and hands on learning that develops life-long skills in whatever career they end upVision Statement for Cosmic Ray Detector A great moment of clarity happened for me the first time I got my hands on a particle physics detector. All the vague, yet intriguing, forces of nature

California at Santa Cruz, University of

332

Adaptation and growth kinetics study of an Indian isolate of virulent duck enteritis virus in Vero cells.  

PubMed

Duck virus enteritis, also known as duck plague, is a viral infection of ducks caused by duck enteritis virus (DEV). The control of the disease is mainly done by vaccination with chicken embryo adapted live virus that is known to be poorly immunogenic and elicits only partial protection. Further, the embryo propagated vaccine virus pose a threat of harboring other infectious agents. Seeing these limitations, the present study reports for the first time regarding propagation and adaptation of a virulent Indian isolate of duck enteritis virus in Vero cell line. In this study isolation of an outbreak virus from Kerala state was done in chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture (CEF). Then adapted the DEV isolate in the Vero cell line. The characteristic cytopathic effects (CPE) of clumping and fusion of Vero cells were observed starting from the 7th passage onwards. The presence of the virus and its multiplication in Vero cells was confirmed by detection of viral specific DNA and antigen by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and indirect immuno fluorescent assay (IIFA), respectively. PCR detection of DEV using self designed primers for US4 (gD) and UL30 (DNA Polymerase) gene has been reported for the in the present study. The kinetics of DEV in Vero cells revealed a maximum infectivity titer of 10(5.6) TCID 50/ml after 48hr of viral infection. Compared to chicken embryo adapted DVE vaccine virus, the Vero cell culture system is free from other infectious agents. So it will be a good candidate for cultivation and propagation of duck enteritis virus vaccine strain. Further research studies are suggested to explore the feasibility of utilizing this Vero cell culture adapted DEV isolate for developing an attenuated vaccine virus against duck virus enteritis. PMID:25450886

Aravind, S; Kamble, Nitin M; Gaikwad, Satish S; Shukla, Sanjeev Kumar; Dey, Sohini; Mohan, C Madhan

2015-01-01

333

Student engagement in New Zealand’s universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the numbers of students entering bachelor level study in New Zealand is growing and is high relative to OECD averages, the number of students leaving with a qualification is low compared to many other countries. Data from the Ministry of Education show that completion rates are relatively low, particularly among certain groups of students. Around one-third of students who

Ali Radloff

2011-01-01

334

College Students' Preinstructional Ideas about Stars and Star Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (Note 1) investigated the beliefs about stars that students hold when they enter an undergraduate introductory astronomy course for nonscience majors. Students' preinstructional ideas were investigated through the use of several student-supplied-response (SSR) surveys, which asked students to describe their ideas about topics such as…

Bailey, Janelle M.; Prather, Edward E.; Johnson, Bruce; Slater, Timothy F.

2009-01-01

335

Public-Private Partnerships Benefit Students and Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's highly competitive job market, it takes more than just having the right training or degree to get hired. Many companies require previous work experience to even be considered for an interview. For young adults looking to enter the workforce for the first time, or older adults making a career change, this can be a frustrating situation.…

Nichols, Tiffani

2012-01-01

336

Albany Student Newspaper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Historical student newspapers can be read with an eye towards examining the social mores of college students through the decades, and a close reading can reveal a great deal about the campus environment and overall milieu. The first student newspaper at the State University of New York at Albany (SUNY-Albany) was the State College News, and it carried news of student life and events, along with information on faculty activities and local doings. This digital archive from the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives at SUNY-Albany brings together issues of this paper from 1916 to 1985. Visitors to the site will note that they can download each issue separately, and read the issue at their leisure. It's an intriguing collection, and first-time visitors may want to look at some issues from the World War I years to learn how about this major world conflict affected life on campus.

337

Skill development among student affairs professionals in the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators Region III  

E-print Network

& Barr, 1990). Specifically related to student affairs Creamer, Winston, and Miller (2001) described similar characteristics of a profession: theory-based practice, adherence to ethical standards, professional involvement, advocacy for students... best practices? (p. 311). Barr (1990) identified five ways people enter the student affairs profession: the intentional decision, the unintentional decision, organizational realignment, specialty preparation, and remaining uncommitted. People who...

Roberts, Darby Michelle

2004-09-30

338

Hypothetical Biotechnology Companies: A Role-Playing Student Centered Activity for Undergraduate Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science students leaving undergraduate programs are entering the biotechnology industry where they are presented with issues which require integration of science content. Students find this difficult as through-out their studies, most content is limited to a single subdiscipline (e.g., biochemistry, immunology). In addition, students need…

Chuck, Jo-Anne

2011-01-01

339

Students and Their Presenting Concerns at a Student Counselling Service at a South African University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a summary of the concerns and the demographic data collected from clients at the Student Counselling Service (SCS) at the University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa, during the period of March 2001 to April 2003. First-time presenting clients who are enrolled students, were asked to ill out an anonymous questionnaire, of…

Schreiber, B. M.

2007-01-01

340

Student Loans: Do College Students Borrow Too Much--Or Not Enough?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total student loan debt rose to over $800 billion in June 2010, overtaking total credit card debt outstanding for the first time. By the time this article sees print, the continually updated Student Loan Debt Clock will show an accumulated total of roughly $1 trillion. Borrowing to finance educational expenditures has been increasing--more than quadrupling in real dollars since the

Christopher Avery; Sarah Turner

2012-01-01

341

Gulabi Gang (2012) Enter the badlands of Bundelkhand in central India and you have entered a place of  

E-print Network

Gulabi Gang (2012) Enter the badlands of Bundelkhand in central India and you have entered a place of desolation, dust and despair. This film follows the Gulabi Gang, an unusual group of rural women led against them to protect the perpetrators of violence. While we see Gulabi Gang members struggling against

Brierley, Andrew

342

Enteral Contrast in the Computed Tomography Diagnosis of Appendicitis  

PubMed Central

Objective Our goal was to perform a comparative effectiveness study of intravenous (IV)-only versus IV + enteral contrast in computed tomographic (CT) scans performed for patients undergoing appendectomy across a diverse group of hospitals. Background Small randomized trials from tertiary centers suggest that enteral contrast does not improve diagnostic performance of CT for suspected appendicitis, but generalizability has not been demonstrated. Eliminating enteral contrast may improve efficiency, patient comfort, and safety. Methods We analyzed data for adult patients who underwent nonelective appendectomy at 56 hospitals over a 2-year period. Data were obtained directly from patient charts by trained abstractors. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to adjust for potential confounding. The main outcome measure was concordance between final radiology interpretation and final pathology report. Results A total of 9047 adults underwent appendectomy and 8089 (89.4%) underwent CT, 54.1% of these with IV contrast only and 28.5% with IV + enteral contrast. Pathology findings correlated with radiographic findings in 90.0% of patients who received IV + enteral contrast and 90.4% of patients scanned with IV contrast alone. Hospitals were categorized as rural or urban and by their teaching status. Regardless of hospital type, there was no difference in concordance between IV-only and IV + enteral contrast. After adjusting for age, sex, comorbid conditions, weight, hospital type, and perforation, odds ratio of concordance for IV + enteral contrast versus IV contrast alone was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.72–1.25). Conclusions Enteral contrast does not improve CT evaluation of appendicitis in patients undergoing appendectomy. These broadly generalizable results from a diverse group of hospitals suggest that enteral contrast can be eliminated in CT scans for suspected appendicitis. PMID:24598250

Drake, Frederick Thurston; Alfonso, Rafael; Bhargava, Puneet; Cuevas, Carlos; Dighe, Manjiri K.; Florence, Michael G.; Johnson, Morris G.; Jurkovich, Gregory J.; Steele, Scott R.; Symons, Rebecca Gaston; Thirlby, Richard C.; Flum, David R.

2014-01-01

343

Enteric microbiota leads to new therapeutic strategies for ulcerative colitis.  

PubMed

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a leading form of inflammatory bowel disease that involves chronic relapsing or progressive inflammation. As a significant proportion of UC patients treated with conventional therapies do not achieve remission, there is a pressing need for the development of more effective therapies. The human gut contains a large, diverse, and dynamic population of microorganisms, collectively referred to as the enteric microbiota. There is a symbiotic relationship between the human host and the enteric microbiota, which provides nutrition, protection against pathogenic organisms, and promotes immune homeostasis. An imbalance of the normal enteric microbiota composition (termed dysbiosis) underlies the pathogenesis of UC. A reduction of enteric microbiota diversity has been observed in UC patients, mainly affecting the butyrate-producing bacteria, such as Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, which can repress pro-inflammatory cytokines. Many studies have shown that enteric microbiota plays an important role in anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory activities, which can benefit UC patients. Therefore, manipulation of the dysbiosis is an attractive approach for UC therapy. Various therapies targeting a restoration of the enteric microbiota have shown efficacy in treating patients with active and chronic forms of UC. Such therapies include fecal microbiota transplantation, probiotics, prebiotics, antibiotics, helminth therapy, and dietary polyphenols, all of which can alter the abundance and composition of the enteric microbiota. Although there have been many large, randomized controlled clinical trials assessing these treatments, the effectiveness and safety of these bacteria-driven therapies need further evaluation. This review focuses on the important role that the enteric microbiota plays in maintaining intestinal homeostasis and discusses new therapeutic strategies targeting the enteric microbiota for UC. PMID:25400449

Chen, Wei-Xu; Ren, Li-Hua; Shi, Rui-Hua

2014-11-14

344

Pediatric Enteric Feeding Techniques: Insertion, Maintenance, and Management of Problems  

SciTech Connect

Enteral feeding is considered a widespread, well-accepted means of delivering nutrition to adults and children who are unable to consume food by mouth or who need support in maintaining adequate nutrition for a variety of reasons, including acute and chronic disease states. Delivery of enteral feeding to nutritionally deprived patients may be achieved by several means. In this article, the indications and insertion of enteral access in children will be reviewed. In addition, common complications and management of problems will be discussed.

Nijs, Els L. F., E-mail: nijs@email.chop.ed [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Clinical Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (United States); Cahill, Anne Marie, E-mail: cahill@email.chop.ed [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (United States)

2010-12-15

345

Salt Lake Community College Fall Semester 1998 New Student Follow-up Survey Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings of a survey of students who enrolled for the first time at Salt Lake Community College (Utah) in the fall of 1998. New students included both freshmen and transfers, but excluded concurrently enrolled high school students, students who enrolled but dropped out, and those enrolled in short-term training programs.…

Cooney, Frank

346

Mth123 and Mth130 Student Online Homework Registration/Enrollment Process for the www.webassign.net website. This is a Self-enrollment system  

E-print Network

,this is my class." 5. Registration: i.First-Time Users: Select "I need to create WebAssign account". Enter are then prompted to i. Purchase an Access Code ii. Enter the Code Purchased with the Text at Bookstore. iii. Continue using 5 day trial period. (You have 5 days to purchase the book or online credit card purchase

Champanerkar, Abhijit

347

The impact of microbial immune enteral nutrition on the patients with acute radiation enteritis in bowel function and immune status.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of microbial immune enteral nutrition by microecopharmaceutics and deep sea fish oil and glutamine and Peptisorb on the patients with acute radiation enteritis in bowel function and immune status. From June 2010 to January 2013, 46 acute radiation enteritis patients in Liaocheng People's Hospital were randomized into the microbial immune enteral nutrition group and the control group: 24 patients in treatment group and 22 patients in control group. The immune microbial nutrition was given to the study group, but not to the control group. The concentration of serum albumin and prealbumin and the number of CD3 (+) T cell, CD4 (+) T cell, CD8 (+) T cell, CD4 (+)/CD8 (+) and natural killer cell of the two groups were detected on the 1, 7 and 14 days after treatment. The arm muscle circumference and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were recorded, and the tolerance of the two groups for enteral nutrition and intestinal symptoms was collected and then comparing the two indicators and get results. The tolerance of microbial immune enteral nutrition group about abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea was better than the control group (P values were 0.018, 0.04 and 0.008 after 7 days; P values were 0.018, 0.015 and 0.002 after 14 days); and the cellular immune parameters were better than the control group((?) P = 0.008,([Symbol: see text]) P = 0.039, (?) P = 0.032); No difference was found in nutrition indicators. To the patients with acute radiation enteritis, microbial immune enteral nutrition could improve the patient's immune status, and the tolerance of enteral nutrition could be better for the bowel function and the patients' rehabilitation. PMID:24366547

Shao, Feng; Xin, Fu-Ze; Yang, Cheng-Gang; Yang, Dao-Gui; Mi, Yue-Tang; Yu, Jun-Xiu; Li, Guo-Yong

2014-06-01

348

Planar cell polarity genes control the connectivity of enteric neurons  

PubMed Central

A highly complex network of intrinsic enteric neurons is required for the digestive and homeostatic functions of the gut. Nevertheless, the genetic and molecular mechanisms that regulate their assembly into functional neuronal circuits are currently unknown. Here we report that the planar cell polarity (PCP) genes Celsr3 and Fzd3 are required during murine embryogenesis to specifically control the guidance and growth of enteric neuronal projections relative to the longitudinal and radial gut axes. Ablation of these genes disrupts the normal organization of nascent neuronal projections, leading to subtle changes of axonal tract configuration in the mature enteric nervous system (ENS), but profound abnormalities in gastrointestinal motility. Our data argue that PCP-dependent modules of connectivity established at early stages of enteric neurogenesis control gastrointestinal function in adult animals and provide the first evidence that developmental deficits in ENS wiring may contribute to the pathogenesis of idiopathic bowel disorders. PMID:23478408

Sasselli, Valentina; Boesmans, Werend; Vanden Berghe, Pieter; Tissir, Fadel; Goffinet, André M.; Pachnis, Vassilis

2013-01-01

349

221. View entering smart view. Note the unique snake rail ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

221. View entering smart view. Note the unique snake rail fence. The pond was a manipulated landscape element. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

350

LRO Enters Lunar Orbit (Highlights) - Duration: 2:33.  

NASA Video Gallery

After a four and a half day journey from the Earth, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, or LRO, successfully entered orbit around the moon. Engineers at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbel...

351

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Occurrence of adenovirus and other enteric viruses in  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Occurrence of adenovirus and other enteric viruses in limited-contact freshwater Introduction Recreational outbreaks caused by adenoviruses, coxsackie- viruses, echoviruses and noroviruses (CSOs) and stormwater are sources of viruses which could significantly impact recreational water quality

Illinois at Chicago, University of

352

Strategies for design and application of enteric viral vaccines.  

PubMed

Enteric viral infections in domestic animals cause significant economic losses. The recent emergence of virulent enteric coronaviruses [porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV)] in North America and Asia, for which no vaccines are available, remains a challenge for the global swine industry. Vaccination strategies against rotavirus and coronavirus (transmissible gastroenteritis virus) infections are reviewed. These vaccination principles are applicable against emerging enteric infections such as PEDV. Maternal vaccines to induce lactogenic immunity, and their transmission to suckling neonates via colostrum and milk, are critical for early passive protection. Subsequently, in weaned animals, oral vaccines incorporating novel mucosal adjuvants (e.g., vitamin A, probiotics) may provide active protection when maternal immunity wanes. Understanding intestinal and systemic immune responses to experimental rotavirus and transmissible gastroenteritis virus vaccines and infection in pigs provides a basis and model for the development of safe and effective vaccines for young animals and children against established and emerging enteric infections. PMID:25387111

Chattha, Kuldeep S; Roth, James A; Saif, Linda J

2015-02-16

353

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...be tested for potency using 10 mink enteritis susceptible mink (five vaccinates and five controls) as follows: (1) Vaccination. Each of the five vaccinates shall be injected with one dose of vaccine as recommended on the label and observed...

2011-01-01

354

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...be tested for potency using 10 mink enteritis susceptible mink (five vaccinates and five controls) as follows: (1) Vaccination. Each of the five vaccinates shall be injected with one dose of vaccine as recommended on the label and observed...

2014-01-01

355

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...be tested for potency using 10 mink enteritis susceptible mink (five vaccinates and five controls) as follows: (1) Vaccination. Each of the five vaccinates shall be injected with one dose of vaccine as recommended on the label and observed...

2012-01-01

356

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...be tested for potency using 10 mink enteritis susceptible mink (five vaccinates and five controls) as follows: (1) Vaccination. Each of the five vaccinates shall be injected with one dose of vaccine as recommended on the label and observed...

2010-01-01

357

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...be tested for potency using 10 mink enteritis susceptible mink (five vaccinates and five controls) as follows: (1) Vaccination. Each of the five vaccinates shall be injected with one dose of vaccine as recommended on the label and observed...

2013-01-01

358

Program in Neuroscience Progress Check List: Name: __________________________________ Year entered Program: _____  

E-print Network

Program in Neuroscience Progress Check List: Name: __________________________________ Year entered: __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ Coursework Completed (Insert Grades): __ ___ Cell and Molecular Neuroscience __ ___ System and Behavioral Neuroscience __ ___ Comparative Anatomy w Lab __ ___ Molecules to Behavior __ ___ Responsible Conduct

Ronquist, Fredrik

359

46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Operations § 154.1850 Entering cargo...following: (1) Spaces containing cargo pumps, compressors, and compressor motors. (2) Gas-dangerous cargo control spaces....

2011-10-01

360

46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Operations § 154.1850 Entering cargo...following: (1) Spaces containing cargo pumps, compressors, and compressor motors. (2) Gas-dangerous cargo control spaces....

2010-10-01

361

Development of reference antisera to enteric-origin avian viruses  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Recent molecular surveys have revealed geographically distinct lineages of avian reovirus, rotavirus and astrovirus circulating in commercial poultry. To improve our understanding of enteric virus pathogenesis, specific immunological reagents are needed to detect viruses in histological samples. To ...

362

Textbook Adoption Application Guide Entering the Application ..................................................................................... 2  

E-print Network

allows you to search for your assigned course(s) by: Term, Location, Academic Department, Course NumberTextbook Adoption Application Guide Entering the Application ............................................................................................................ 3 Search with Academic Criteria

Sura, Philip

363

1. WATER ENTERING CONFLUENCE POOL FROM BEAR CREEK AT LEFT, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. WATER ENTERING CONFLUENCE POOL FROM BEAR CREEK AT LEFT, AND FROM SANTA ANA RIVER THROUGH TUNNEL #0 AT RIGHT. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, Bear Creek Diversion Dam & Confluence Pool, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

364

1. INTAKE CHANNEL LOOKING NORTHEAST; WATER FROM BEAVER BROOK ENTERS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. INTAKE CHANNEL LOOKING NORTHEAST; WATER FROM BEAVER BROOK ENTERS THE INTAKE CHANNEL HERE. - Hondius Water Line, 1.6 miles Northwest of Park headquarters building & 1 mile Northwest of Beaver Meadows entrance station, Estes Park, Larimer County, CO

365

19 CFR 122.41 - Aircraft required to enter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Aircraft required to enter. 122.41 Section...TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic...Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within,...

2013-04-01

366

19 CFR 122.41 - Aircraft required to enter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Aircraft required to enter. 122.41 Section...TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic...Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within,...

2014-04-01

367

19 CFR 122.41 - Aircraft required to enter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Aircraft required to enter. 122.41 Section...TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic...Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within,...

2011-04-01

368

19 CFR 122.41 - Aircraft required to enter.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Aircraft required to enter. 122.41 Section...TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic...Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within,...

2012-04-01

369

2. CONFLUENCE POOL, DETAIL OF TUNNEL PORTAL WITH WATER ENTERING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. CONFLUENCE POOL, DETAIL OF TUNNEL PORTAL WITH WATER ENTERING FROM SANTA ANA RIVER. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, Bear Creek Diversion Dam & Confluence Pool, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

370

Enteric virus and vibrio contamination of shellfish: intervention strategies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

INTRODUCTION. Molluscan shellfish include oysters, clams, mussels, and cockles, which can cause illnesses from a variety of human pathogens. Enteric viruses, like norovirus and hepatitis A virus, are generally transmitted to shellfish through fecal contamination of shellfish harvesting areas, alth...

371

Endovascular Management of Acute Enteric Bleeding from Pancreas Transplant  

SciTech Connect

Arterioenteric fistula is a rare but serious complication of enteric drained pancreas transplant, which may lead to massive gastrointestinal bleeding. We present 3 patients with failed enteric drained pancreas transplants and massive gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to arterioenteric fistula. One patient was treated by embolization and the 2 others by stent graft placement. Bleeding was successfully controlled in all cases, at follow up of 5 days, 8 months, and 12 months, respectively. One patient died 24 days after embolization, of unknown causes.

Semiz-Oysu, Aslihan; Cwikiel, Wojciech [University of Michigan Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)], E-mail: cwikiel@umich.edu

2007-04-15

372

Inpatient Enteral and Parental Nutrition for Patients with Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both glycemic control and adequate nutrition support impact the clinical outcome of hospitalized patients. Providing nutrition\\u000a to malnourished patients using the enteral or parenteral route may increase the risk of hyperglycemia, especially in patients\\u000a with diabetes. Hyperglycemia can be managed through the use of enteral tube feeds with reduced carbohydrate content or limiting\\u000a the carbohydrate concentration in parenteral formulas. Judicious

Michael A. Via; Jeffrey I. Mechanick

2011-01-01

373

Enteric GFAP expression and phosphorylation in Parkinson's disease.  

PubMed

Enteric glial cells (EGCs) are in many respects similar to astrocytes of the central nervous system and express similar proteins including glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Changes in GFAP expression and/or phosphorylation have been reported during brain damage or central nervous system degeneration. As in Parkinson's disease (PD) the enteric neurons accumulate ?-synuclein, and thus are showing PD-specific pathological features, we undertook the present survey to study whether the enteric glia in PD become reactive by assessing the expression and phosphorylation levels of GFAP in colonic biopsies. Twenty-four PD, six progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), six multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients, and 21 age-matched healthy controls were included. The expression levels and the phosphorylation state of GFAP were analyzed in colonic biopsies by western blot. Additional experiments were performed using real-time PCR for a more precise analysis of the GFAP isoforms expressed by EGCs. We showed that GFAP? was the main isoform expressed in EGCs. As compared to control subjects, patients with PD, but not PSP and MSA, had significant higher GFAP expression levels in their colonic biopsies. The phosphorylation level of GFAP at serine 13 was significantly lower in PD patients compared to control subjects. By contrast, no change in GFAP phosphorylation was observed between PSP, MSA and controls. Our findings provide evidence that enteric glial reaction occurs in PD and further reinforce the role of the enteric nervous system in the initiation and/or the progression of the disease. We showed that GFAP is over-expressed and hypophosphorylated in the enteric glial cells (EGCs) of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients as compared to healthy subjects and patients with atypical parkinsonism (MSA, multiple system atrophy and PSP, progressive supranuclear palsy). Our findings provide evidence that enteric glial reaction occurs in PD but not in PSP and MSA and further reinforce the role of the enteric nervous system in the pathophysiology of PD. PMID:24749759

Clairembault, Thomas; Kamphuis, Willem; Leclair-Visonneau, Laurène; Rolli-Derkinderen, Malvyne; Coron, Emmanuel; Neunlist, Michel; Hol, Elly M; Derkinderen, Pascal

2014-09-01

374

Field survey of enteric viruses in solid waste landfill leachates.  

PubMed Central

Because municipal solid waste may contain fecal material from a variety of sources, there is concern that the leachate discharged from some solid waste landfills may contain enteric pathogens, including enteric viruses. In this study, 22 leachate samples from 21 different landfills in the United States and Canada were examined for enteric viruses. The sites represented a broad range of conditions for solid waste landfills and the leachate samples ranged from 10.3 to 18 liters in volume. Enteric viruses were found in only one of the 22 leachate samples examined. Two viruses, identified as poliovirus types 1 and 3, were found in an 11.8 liter sample obtained from a site where solid waste landfill practice was deficient. The low levels of enteric viruses detected in field samples of raw leachate and the opportunities for further reductions in the virus concentration of leachates by such processes as thermal inactivation, removal by soil and dilution in ground and surface waters, suggest that leachates from properly operated solid waste landfills do not constitute an environmental or public health hazard due to enteric viruses. PMID:28677

Sobsey, M D

1978-01-01

375

Lupus Enteritis as an Initial Presentation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus  

PubMed Central

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder which can affect multiple organs and clinical presentation is often a myriad of symptoms; therefore, the index of suspicion should rise when evaluating patients with multiorgan symptomatology. Lupus enteritis is a distinct subset of SLE, defined as either vasculitis or inflammation of the small bowel, with supportive image and/or biopsy findings. The clinical picture of lupus enteritis is often nonspecific, with mild to severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting being the cardinal manifestations. Although considered a form of visceral or serosal vasculitis, lupus enteritis is seldom confirmed on histology, making computerized tomography (CT) the gold standard for diagnosis. Lupus enteritis is generally steroid-responsive, and the route of administration is based on clinical status and organ involvement, with preference for intravenous (IV) route in flares with significant tissue edema. The following case describes a young woman presenting with lupus enteritis and lupus panniculitis as an initial manifestation of SLE, the utilization of abdominal CT in diagnosis, and current treatment protocols used for lupus enteritis. PMID:25295199

Sran, Manpreet; Patel, Narmisha

2014-01-01

376

Enteric glia mediate neuronal outgrowth through release of neurotrophic factors  

PubMed Central

Previous studies have shown that transplanted enteric glia enhance axonal regeneration, reduce tissue damage, and promote functional recovery following spinal cord injury. However, the mechanisms by which enteric glia mediate these beneficial effects are unknown. Neurotrophic factors can promote neuronal differentiation, survival and neurite extension. We hypothesized that enteric glia may exert their protective effects against spinal cord injury partially through the secretion of neurotrophic factors. In the present study, we demonstrated that primary enteric glia cells release nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor over time with their concentrations reaching approximately 250, 100 and 50 pg/mL of culture medium respectively after 48 hours. The biological relevance of this secretion was assessed by incubating dissociated dorsal root ganglion neuronal cultures in enteric glia-conditioned medium with and/or without neutralizing antibodies to each of these proteins and evaluating the differences in neurite growth. We discovered that conditioned medium enhances neurite outgrowth in dorsal root ganglion neurons. Even though there was no detectable amount of neurotrophin-3 secretion using ELISA analysis, the neurite outgrowth effect can be attenuated by the antibody-mediated neutralization of each of the aforementioned neurotrophic factors. Therefore, enteric glia secrete nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 into their surrounding environment in concentrations that can cause a biological effect.

Hansebout, Christopher R.; Su, Caixin; Reddy, Kiran; Zhang, Donald; Jiang, Cai; Rathbone, Michel P.; Jiang, Shucui

2012-01-01

377

Money Matters for Students Financial Aid & Student Financial Services  

E-print Network

website at: www.financialaid.fsu.edu Google Search Send private scholarships to Student Financial Services, include: FSUSN Terms of Scholarship #12;Bright Futures Academic Scholarship Maintain a 3.0 cumulative GPA: Week 1: We enter Prepaid Billing on Blackboard Week 4: We Bill Prepaid Week 6-8: Prepaid remits payment

Ronquist, Fredrik

378

Engineering Communication: Student Reading Assignment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handout, from Justin Foss at the Engineering Technology Pathways project, introduces students to the "four relationships to Engineering Communication to become successful." Those steps are: Mathematical Expression, Communication Skills, 2-Dimensional Drafting and Sketching, and 3-Dimensional Modeling. Each step is elaborated with examples, and the reading is followed by a list of sources for more information. This is an excellent introductory lecture or reading for students just entering the engineering design classroom.

Foss, Justin

379

Introducing the Action Potential to Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For this simple active learning technique for teaching, students are assigned "roles" and act out the process of the action potential (AP), including the firing threshold, ion-specific channels for ions to enter and leave the cell, diffusion, and the refractory period. Pre-post test results indicated that students demonstrated increased…

Simon-Dack, Stephanie L.

2014-01-01

380

Using Factor Analysis To Organize Student Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to provide an organizational framework for data collected from an entering class of students (N=1,912). Results from the EFA indicated that items on surveys could be grouped into dimensions that can be used to plan student services. Factors that emerged included: Religion/Spirituality, Help Seeking,…

Majors, Mark S.; Sedlacek, William E.

2001-01-01

381

Are Our Students Prepared for University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The A-level curricula are not preparing students for a university education, concentrating more on knowledge than skills. However, because of aspects such as the modular design of A-levels, subject knowledge can also be lacking in students as they enter university education. Diagnostic tests in maths and literacy for first year bioscience…

Jones, Harriet

2011-01-01

382

Students-Teach-Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students-Teach-Students is a program that trains teams of high school students to present a smoking education program and role-model to fifth graders, helping them to overcome peer pressure to smoke cigarettes and marijuana. Surveys show that a significant percentage of students first begin to experiment with smoking cigarettes and marijuana…

Tokarz, Edward, Jr.; Sullivan, Richard D.

383

Adjunctive enteral phenobarbital for adult status epilepticus: a brief report  

PubMed Central

Background Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurological emergency condition. Intravenous phenobarbital (PB) is recommended for refractory SE treatment. However, intravenous PB is unavailable in Thailand. Enteral PB has been shown to be effective in SE children. Methods In adult SE patients, the efficacy of enteral PB as an adjunctive therapy has been reported. This is a case series of adult SE patients who were treated with enteral PB at Khon Kaen University Hospital, Thailand. The clinical features and clinical outcomes are reported. Results There were six patients; five patients had convulsive SE, and one patient had nonconvulsive SE. All patients received PB enterally, at dosages of 900 mg initially and repeated doses of 900 mg as needed. This was gradually reduced to a maintenance dosage of 180 mg/day. Three out of six patients were completely controlled, whereas the other three patients were partially controlled. Three out of six patients were seizure-free after the initial loading dose of PB. No adverse effects were found in this study. Conclusion In adult patients, enteral PB may be effective as an add-on for refractory SE therapy. PMID:24379674

Tiamkao, Somsak; Suttapan, Kornkanok; Pranbul, Sineenard; Tiamkao, Siriporn; Sawanyawisuth, Kittisak

2013-01-01

384

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2011-10-01

385

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2012-10-01

386

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2010-10-01

387

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2013-10-01

388

[Aorto-enteric fistula: an interdisciplinary practical approach].  

PubMed

Aorto-enteric fistulas (AEF) are a rare but often -fatal complication. The primary diagnosis of AEF remains difficult. Computed tomography and FDG-PET?/?CT (fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission computed tomography) are the diagnostic tools of choice. Therapy consists of an urgent individual interdisciplinary surgical approach with primary axillo-femoral bypass and secondary prosthesis explantation or in situ replacement and consecutive bowel resection. Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is reserved for primary -aorto-enteric fistulas in patients without signs of infection or in emergency cases as a bridging meth-od. A systematic review of the literature from 1990 to 2009 was performed by medline -research (pubmed) to analyse diagnostic and treatment strategies for aorto-enteric fistulas. A practical, interdisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm was created in accordance with the analysed results. PMID:21500147

Hyhlik-Dürr, A; Able, T; Böckler, D; Boeckler, D

2011-06-01

389

Enteric adenocarcinoma lung: a rare presentation in an Omani woman  

PubMed Central

Pulmonary adenocarcinoma is a common neoplasm, yet the one with enteric or intestinal differentiation poses a diagnostic challenge to pathologists as it shares a common immunohistochemical profile with metastatic colorectal carcinoma. We report a case of a 61-year-old woman. She was on surveillance when incidentally she was discovered to have multiple bilateral lung nodules on imaging; the largest was surgically removed for histological examination. Morphology was consistent with a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma .The tumour cells were positive for cytokeratin (CK) 7, CDX2, CK20 and were negative for thyroid transcription factor 1. The morphology and immune histochemical profile raised the differential diagnosis of a metastatic colorectal carcinoma and a primary lung adenocarcinoma with enteric differentiation. On the basis of morphology and CK7 positivity we established the diagnosis of enteric-type adenocarcinoma of primary lung origin. She has completed planned courses of palliative chemotherapy and remains on surveillance. PMID:23355573

Qureshi, Asim; Furrukh, Muhammad

2013-01-01

390

Discovering the Determinants of Chemistry Course Perceptions in Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goals of this project were to develop a reliable instrument to measure the chemistry course perceptions (CCP) of undergraduate chemistry students and to determine the predictors of CCP of undergraduate students as they enter their first college chemistry class. In a pilot study, 250 undergraduate students were solicited with 57…

Reardon, Robert F.; Traverse, Maria A.; Feakes, Debra A.; Gibbs, Karen A.; Rohde, Rodney E.

2010-01-01

391

Can't Do Maths--Understanding Students' Maths Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of students continuing with their mathematics education post GCSE level has declined in recent years and hence students entering Engineering degrees are reducing. The University of Birmingham recognized this problem and introduced the Suite of Technology programme (STP) which no longer requires students to have A-level mathematics.…

Metje, N.; Frank, H. L.; Croft, P.

2007-01-01

392

Transitions in First-Year Students' Initial Practice Orientations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the impact of the first-year program on the initial practice orientations of 2 distinct, equal-sized clusters of entering BSW students: micro-oriented and macro-oriented students. Results indicate that the proportion of students reporting a micro-practice orientation increased from 53.2% to 62.4% between the beginning and…

Kaufman, Roni; Segal-Engelchin, Dorit; Huss, Efrat

2012-01-01

393

Student and Stakeholder Perceptions of the Transition to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mixed method, longitudinal design was used to assess student and stakeholder perceptions of the transition to high school. Comparisons between parent and student perceptions revealed few differences and both groups were generally optimistic about entering the Freshmen Center. Following the transition, student perceptions exhibited important…

Smith, Joshua S.; Akos, Patrick; Lim, Sungtaek; Wiley, Shanna

2008-01-01

394

Academic performance of public and private school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public school students are reported to obtain higher college grades than private school students. Equating on scholastic aptitude is reported to leave a difference favoring the public school student. The Personal Values Inventory, a test measuring nonintellectual factors in school success, was administered to an entering college class. 216 had attended public school and 97 private school. When grades were

John A. Finger; George E. Schlesser

1963-01-01

395

No Child Left Behind: Implications for College Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, former US President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) into law, leading to a significant change in the way elementary and secondary teachers design curricula and instruct their students, as well as the ways in which students learn and view learning in and outside of the classroom. Most domestic students entering…

Trolian, Teniell L.; Fouts, Kristin S.

2011-01-01

396

Experiences of Students with Visual Impairments in Canadian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This article presents a study of the higher education experiences of students with visual impairments in Canada. Methods: Students with visual impairments and the staff members of disability programs were surveyed and interviewed regarding the students' experiences in entering higher education and completing their higher education…

Reed, Maureen; Curtis, Kathryn

2012-01-01

397

Facilitating Experiential Learning of Study Skills in Sports Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years the student population in the UK has grown considerably, and students are entering higher education with a more diverse range of qualifications and skills. This is particularly the case in post-1992 universities with a widening participation agenda, as these institutions have a larger share of students from non-traditional…

Groves, Mark; Bowd, Belinda; Smith, Julian

2010-01-01

398

Using Narrative Career Counseling with the Underprepared College Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of students enter college underprepared. These students do not have the academic skills to take college-level courses and are placed in remedial classes. Career counseling can help underprepared college students make educated career decisions based on their current situations. This article explores the characteristics of…

Hughes, Amber N.; Gibbons, Melinda M.; Mynatt, Blair

2013-01-01

399

Comparison of enteral nutrition with combined enteral and parenteral nutrition in post-pancreaticoduodenectomy patients: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background Many clinical studies have demonstrated that early postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) improved the postroperative course. Post-pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), patients tend to suffer from postoperative nausea, abdominal distention, and diarrhoea, causing difficulty in the introduction of EN. In this pilot study, we investigated the appropriate nutritional mode post-pancreatic surgery. Methods Between October 2006 and March 2007 2 postoperative nutritional methods were implemented in 17 patients in a prospective single-centere study. Eight patients received only enteral nutrition (EN group) and 9 patients received enteral nutrition combined with parenteral nutrition (EN + PN group). Results There were no differences in the patient characteristics and postoperative morbidity between the 2 groups. The rate of discontinuance of enteral feeding was significantly high in the EN group, and the duration of enteral feeding was significantly longer in the EN + PN group. The central venous line was retained for a significantly longer period in the EN + PN group, but there was no difference in the frequency of catheter-related infection between the 2 groups. Conclusion EN combined with PN is more adequate for patients after pancreatic surgery. PMID:19519910

Nagata, Shigeyuki; Fukuzawa, Kengo; Iwashita, Yukio; Kabashima, Akira; Kinoshita, Tadahiko; Wakasugi, Kenzo; Maehara, Yoshihiko

2009-01-01

400

Amelioration of Enteric Neuropathology in a Mouse Model of Niemann-Pick C by Npc1 Expression in Enteric Glia  

PubMed Central

Niemann-Pick C (NPC) disease is an autosomal recessive, lethal, neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in NPC1. Using the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) promoter, we demonstrated previously that astrocyte-specific expression of Npc1 decreased neuronal storage of cholesterol in Npc1?/? mice, reduced numbers of axonal spheroids, and produced less degeneration of neurons, reactive astrocytes, and loss of myelin tracts in the central nervous system. GFAP-Npc1, Npc1?/? mice exhibited markedly enhanced survival and death was not associated with the severe terminal weight loss observed in Npc1?/? mice. Intestinal transit is delayed in Npc1?/? mice, but is normal in GFAP-NPC1, Npc1?/? until late in the course of their disease. Since glia play an important role in the enteric nervous system, we studied morphology and cholesterol content of intestines from Npc1?/? mice and examined the effect of GFAP-promoted restoration of Npc1 in enteric glia. While the number of neurons was not altered, the total amount of cholesterol stored in the small intestine was decreased, as was the number of neurons with inclusions and the number of inclusions per neuron. We conclude that expression of Npc1 by enteric glial cells can ameliorate the enteric neuropathology and we speculate that dysfunction of the enteric nervous system contributes to the retarded intestinal transit, weight loss, and demise of Npc1?/? mice. PMID:19472223

Kapur, Raj; Donohue, Carolyn; Jelinek, David; Erickson, Robert P.

2010-01-01

401

Amelioration of enteric neuropathology in a mouse model of Niemann-Pick C by Npc1 expression in enteric glia.  

PubMed

Niemann-Pick C (NPC) disease is an autosomal recessive, lethal, neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in NPC1. By using the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) promoter, we demonstrated previously that astrocyte-specific expression of Npc1 decreased neuronal storage of cholesterol in Npc1(-/-) mice; reduced numbers of axonal spheroids; and produced less degeneration of neurons, reactive astrocytes, and loss of myelin tracts in the central nervous system. GFAP-Npc1, Npc1(-/-) mice exhibited markedly enhanced survival, and death was not associated with the severe terminal weight loss observed in Npc1(-/-) mice. Intestinal transit is delayed in Npc1(-/-) mice but is normal in GFAP-NPC1, Npc1(-/-) until late in the course of their disease. Because glia play an important role in the enteric nervous system, we studied morphology and cholesterol content of intestines from Npc1(-/-) mice and examined the effect of GFAP-promoted restoration of Npc1 in enteric glia. Although the number of neurons was not altered, the total amount of cholesterol stored in the small intestine was decreased, as were the number of neurons with inclusions and the number of inclusions per neuron. We conclude that expression of Npc1 by enteric glial cells can ameliorate the enteric neuropathology, and we speculate that dysfunction of the enteric nervous system contributes to the retarded intestinal transit, weight loss, and demise of Npc1(-/-) mice. PMID:19472223

Kapur, Raj; Donohue, Carolyn; Jelinek, David; Erickson, Robert P

2009-10-01

402

Students' mental models of Newton's second law: mechanics to electromagnetism  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated students' mental models of Newton's second law in various contexts encountered in mechanics, and for the first time, in electricity and magnetism. We interviewed a cohort group of 16 students enrolled in a two-semester calculus-based sequence of physics courses. We find that there are two predominant mental models: the \\

N. Sanjay Rebello; Salomon F. Itza-Ortiz; Dean A. Zollman

403

Incoming Students' Alcohol Use and Intent to Join Greek Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incoming first-time, first-year students attending summer orientation (N = 1,710) at a large public university in the Southeast completed an instrument that assessed their use of alcohol and other drugs during the previous year, their perceptions of use by current students on campus, their intended alcohol use, and their intent to join a Greek…

Oswalt, Sara B.; Shutt, Michael D.; Cooper, Diane L.

2006-01-01

404

How Not to Lose Your Students with Concept Maps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four physiology courses participating in a science education program used concept maps for the first time. At the conclusion of the term, students responded to an end-of-term survey about the activity. Following varied results, we sought to identify factors that students indicated are important for the acceptance of the technique. To encourage…

Bentley, Francoise Judith Benay; Kennedy, Sarah; Semsar, Katharine

2011-01-01

405

An Examination of Special Education Decision Making with Hispanic First-Time Referrals in Large Urban School Districts: Longitudinal Study I Report. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characteristics of Hispanic students referred for special education services during 1983-84 in several large urban school districts with large minority populations were examined. Also examined was the predictive ability of various statistical models with respect to the eventual diagnostic outcomes of the students. File data were collected for…

Rueda, Robert; And Others

406

Canadian Intermediate and Senior Mathematics Contests Offered for the first time in 2011, these two contests are designed to give high school and  

E-print Network

contests are designed to give high school and motivated younger students the opportunity to have fun to teachers from Ontario. The conference for computer studies teachers is aimed at all high school computer. The audience for the Canadian Senior Mathematics Contest (CSMC) is senior secondary school and CÃ?GEP students

Le Roy, Robert J.

407

Breastfeeding Initiation and Duration in First-Time Mothers: Exploring the Impact of Father Involvement in the Early Post-Partum Period  

PubMed Central

Background: The early post-partum period is a crucial time for breastfeeding support. Mothers who have physical and emotional support during this period are more likely to be successful in breastfeeding. This study examined the relationship between father involvement and support for breast feeding initiation and duration in first-time mothers. Methods: Overall, 146 women who attended a childbirth education class or breastfeeding course at BABS were asked to fill out the Childbirth Experiences Survey, which explored key topics such as (1) breastfeeding initiation, (2) early post-partum breastfeeding, (3) breastfeeding plan, (4) post-partum breastfeeding support and (5) breast feeding duration. This was a voluntary self-reported ques­tionnaire. The surveys were completed by the mothers during the post-partum period. Results: 45.9% (n=67) of mothers received helped from their husband or part­ner with breastfeeding while in the hospital, while 54.1% (n=79) of mothers did not receive support from their partners. Mothers who received early post-par­tum breastfeeding support were more likely to continue breastfeeding after leaving the hospital. Conclusion: First-time mothers who identified as having breastfeeding support from their partners, the infant’s father, during the early post-partum period were more likely to initiate breastfeeding and had longer breastfeeding durations.

Hunter, Theresa; Cattelona, Georg’ann

2014-01-01

408

Necrotic enteritis in cage-reared commercial layer pullets.  

PubMed

Necropsy of five 12-week-old pullets from a flock of 99,300 suffering from an increased mortality rate revealed enlarged, gas-filled intestines, the mucosal surfaces of which had the "dirty turkish towel" appearance typical of necrotic enteritis. Although the pullets had been raised entirely in cages, intestinal scrapings revealed the presence of Eimeria maxima. Histopathological findings were compatible with necrotic enteritis. Clostridium perfringens was isolated by anaerobic culture from the intestines. Mortality returned to normal after bacitracin and amprolium were added to the feed. PMID:2876698

Broussard, C T; Hofacre, C L; Page, R K; Fletcher, O J

1986-01-01

409

Career Development for College Students with Asperger's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of students with Asperger's syndrome are entering college today. Students with Asperger's syndrome face complex symptomology such as difficulty with social skills, narrowed interests, sensory issues, and lack of self-awareness that may affect their ability to complete college and successfully enter the workforce.…

Mynatt, Blair Sumner; Gibbons, Melinda M.; Hughes, Amber

2014-01-01

410

Evaluating Student Outcomes at For-Profit Colleges. NBER Working Paper No. 18201  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Beginning Postsecondary Student Survey, we examine the effect on earnings of obtaining certificates/degrees from for-profit, not-for-profit, and public institutions. Students who enter certificate programs at any type of institution do not gain from earning a certificate. However, among those entering associates degree programs, there…

Lang, Kevin; Weinstein, Russell

2012-01-01

411

Choosing Teaching as a Career: Perspectives of Male and Female Malaysian Student Teachers in Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is motivated by concern about the decline in the numbers of males entering the teaching profession in Malaysia. It seeks to explore first year student teachers' views of teaching as a career choice and to determine the factors that influenced their decision to enter the teaching profession. A total of 425 student teachers completed a…

Azman, Norzaini

2013-01-01

412

Comparison of the EntericBio Multiplex PCR System with Routine Culture for Detection of Bacterial Enteric Pathogens?  

PubMed Central

The EntericBio system uses a multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of Campylobacter spp., Salmonella enterica, Shigella spp., and Escherichia coli O157 from feces. It combines overnight broth enrichment with PCR amplification and detection by hybridization. An evaluation of this system was conducted by comparing the results obtained with the system with those obtained by routine culture, supplemented with alternative PCR detection methods. In a study of 773 samples, routine culture and the EntericBio system yielded 94.6 and 92.4% negative results, respectively. Forty-two samples had positive results by culture, and all of these were positive with the EntericBio system. This system detected an additional 17 positive samples (Campylobacter spp., n = 12; Shigella spp., n = 1; E. coli O157, n = 4), but the results for 5 samples (Campylobacter spp., n = 2; Shigella spp., n = 1; E. coli O157, n = 2) could not be confirmed. The target for Shigella spp. detected by the EntericBio system is the ipaH gene, and the molecular indication of the presence of Shigella spp. was investigated by sequence analysis, which confirmed that the ipaH gene was present in a Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate from the patient. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 100%, 99.3%, 91.5%, and 100%, respectively. Turnaround times were significantly reduced with the EntericBio system, and a result was available between 24 and 32 h after receipt of the sample in the laboratory. In addition, the amount of laboratory waste was significantly reduced by use of this system. In summary, the EntericBio system proved convenient to use, more sensitive than the conventional culture used in this study, and highly specific; and it generated results significantly faster than routine culture for the pathogens tested. PMID:19726596

O'Leary, James; Corcoran, Daniel; Lucey, Brigid

2009-01-01

413

15 CFR 270.323 - Requests for permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials,...

2014-01-01

414

15 CFR 270.323 - Requests for permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials,...

2010-01-01

415

15 CFR 270.323 - Requests for permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials,...

2011-01-01

416

15 CFR 270.323 - Requests for permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials,...

2012-01-01

417

15 CFR 270.323 - Requests for permission to enter and inspect property where building components, materials...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials, artifacts...enter and inspect property where building components, materials,...

2013-01-01

418

24. CANNING ROOM Looking south towards doorways entering the cafeteria, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. CANNING ROOM Looking south towards doorways entering the cafeteria, washrooms, and side entrance to the boiler room (far right). In the rafters (right center of the picture) can be seen a curving metal slide which delivered empty cans from the can storage area above. - Hovden Cannery, 886 Cannery Row, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

419

Entering Guanxi: A Business Ethical Dilemma in Mainland China?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper represents an effort to distinguish between two types of guanxi prevalent in mainland China: favor-seeking guanxi that is culturally rooted and rent-seeking guanxi that is institutionally defined. Different rules of maneuvering the two types of guanxi are identified in light of Chinese cultural and business ethics. Strategies for entering guanxi in mainland China are also suggested.

Chenting Su; James E. Littlefield

2001-01-01

420

IMMUNOGENOMIC APPROACHES TO STUDY HOST IMMUNITY TO ENTERIC PATHOGENS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

With increasing consumer’s demands for safe poultry products, effective control of disease-causing pathogens is becoming a major challenge to the poultry industry. Many chicken pathogens enter the host through the gastrointestinal tract, and over the past few decades in-feed antibiotics and active ...

421

Entering Communities: Social Justice Oriented Disaster Response Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors need to learn how to effectively and respectfully enter into communities hit by disasters and create collaborative partnerships with community members. Using critical consciousness theory, the authors describe a humanistic, culturally responsive approach to disaster response counseling for marginalized individuals and communities and…

West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Goodman, Rachael D.

2011-01-01

422

Idiopathic Chronic Ulcerative Enteritis – The Role of Radical Surgical Resection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Idiopathic chronic ulcerative enteritis is uncommon. It is a term that describes ulceration of the small bowel in the absence of a recognisable cause. Patients mainly present with a surgical abdomen and their management often proves to be a therapeutic challenge. Our series describes three such cases: the first patient presented with a tender left iliac fossa mass and rectal

C. D. Sutton; S. A. White; L. J. Marshall; A. R. Dennison; W. M. Thomas

2002-01-01

423

Enteral tube feeding in a cohort of chronic hemodialysis patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Malnutrition affects up to half of all chronic dialysis patients and is an important predictor of mortality, but the efficacy of interventions designed to improve the nutritional status of dialysis patients has been poorly studied. Specifically, although enteral tube feeding is often cited as an important option in the treatment of malnourished dialysis patients, there are few studies examining the

Jean L. Holley; Judy Kirk

2002-01-01

424

Intensive enteral nutrition support in paediatric bone marrow transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study retrospectively analyses the experience with an intensive enteral feeding protocol in children undergoing BMT at the National Paediatric BMT Centre, Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children, Crumlin, Dublin. Fifty-three patients were transplanted between January 1996 and December 1998; 42 patients received allogeneic transplants, (19 unrelated) and 11 were autologous. Indications included ALL (21), ANLL (3), CML (3), JCML

A Langdana; N Tully; E Molloy; B Bourke; A O’Meara

2001-01-01

425

Nonconsensual Sexual Experiences and Alcohol Consumption among Women Entering College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated the relationship between precollege nonconsensual sexual experiences (NSEs) and drinking among women entering college. College women (N = 797) at a midwestern university participated. Eighteen percent reported one or more NSE prior to arriving at college. Having a precollege NSE was associated with recent drinking, binge…

Ross, Lisa Thomson; Kolars, Candace L. Kurth; Krahn, Dean D.; Gomberg, Edith S. Lisansky; Clark, Ginna; Niehaus, Ashley

2011-01-01

426

Document of standardization of enteral nutrition access in adults.  

PubMed

The group of standardization and protocols of the Spanish Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (SENPE) published in 2011 a consensus document SENPE/SEGHNP/ANECIPN/SECP on enteral access for paediatric nutritional support. Along the lines of this document, we have developed another document on adult patients to homogenize the clinical practice and improve the quality of care in enteral access in this age group. The working group included health professionals (nurses, dietitians and doctor) with extensive experience in enteral nutrition and access. We tried to find scientific evidence through a literature review and we used the criteria of the Agency for Health-care Research and Quality (AHRQ) to classify the evidence (Grade of Recommendation A, B or C). Later the document was reviewed by external experts to the group and requested the endorsement of the Scientific and Educational Committee (CCE) and the group of home artificial nutrition (NADYA) of the SENPE. The full text will be published as a monograph number in this journal. PMID:25137256

Arribas, Lorena; Frías, Laura; Creus, Gloria; Parejo, Juana; Urzola, Carmen; Ashbaugh, Rosana; Pérez-Portabella, Cleofé; Cuerda, Cristina

2014-01-01

427

CYBERCHASE: The Interactive Math Adventure Series Enters Its Fifth Season  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CYBERCHASE, an interactive math-based adventure series for young viewers, is entering its fifth season on public broadcasting stations in the United States. This article explore season highlights and suggests benefits of using CYBERCHASE to supplement math lessons in school and at home.

Donlevy, Jim

2006-01-01

428

Sir --Venezuela has entered 2003 deadlocked in a dangerous political  

E-print Network

Sir -- Venezuela has entered 2003 deadlocked in a dangerous political confrontation and a general to preserve Venezuela's science and its natural environment, which is rich in biodiversity. We ask for Scientific Research, PO Box 21827, Caracas 1020A, Venezuela correspondence NATURE |VOL 421 |30 JANUARY 2003

Chapman, Clark R.

429

Gallbladder perforation: A rare complication of enteric fever?  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Gallbladder perforation is a rare complication of acute calculous cholecystitis in adults. Perforation of gallbladder due to enteric fever is extremely rare condition. Pre-operative diagnosis is rarely made and mortality is high. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report a case of acalculous gallbladder perforation following enteric fever in a 14-year-old boy, who presented as acute abdomen and responded very well after emergency laparotomy and cholecystectomy. DISCUSSION Enteric fever is common in tropics and a common cause of bowel perforation. Acute cholecystitis is a rare complication of typhoid and gallbladder perforation is extremely rare complication. Ultrasound and CT lack specificity to detect gallbladder perforation. Diagnosis is usually made intra-operatively. Cholecystectomy is treatment of choice in such cases and provides good result. CONCLUSION Gallbladder perforation secondary to enteric fever requires a high degree of clinical suspicion. In typhoid endemic region, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patient presenting with a history of prolonged fever and signs of peritonitis. Early diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention are very important in reducing the morbidity and mortality. Cholecystectomy is the choice with a good outcome. PMID:24441441

Singh, Mahendra; Kumar, Lovekesh; Singh, Rashpal; Jain, Aaron K.; Karande, Snehal K.; Saradna, Arjun; Prashanth, U.

2013-01-01

430

Establishment-level wage effects of entering motherhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyse the wage effects following employment breaks of women who enter motherhood using a novel matching approach where mothers’ wages upon return to work are compared to those of their female colleagues within the same establishment. Using an administrative German data set, we apply a fixed-effects propensity score matching based on information two years before birth of the first

Miriam Beblo; Stefan Bender; Elke Wolf

2009-01-01

431

Mission Commander James D. Halsell, Jr. prepares enter Columbia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-83 Mission Commander James D. Halsell, Jr. prepares to enter the Space Shuttle Columbia at Launch Pad 39A with assistance from white room closeout crew members (from left) Troy Stewart, Rick Welty, and Bob Saulnier.

1997-01-01

432

Mobility of Tylosin and Enteric Bacteria in Soil Columns  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

To maximize production, producers regularly use antibiotics as supplements in animal feed and water to increase weight gain and prevent diseases among their livestock, which may result in nonpoint source pollution of ground or surface waters. This study examined the leaching of the enteric bacteria ...

433

46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

2012-10-01

434

46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

2011-10-01

435

46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

2013-10-01

436

Hemorrhagic enteritis in captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Hemorrhagic enteritis and hepatitis of suspected adenovirus etiology were the apparent cause of death of nine captive American kestrels. Cloacal hemorrhage was the only prominent gross lesion: disseminated hepatocellular necrosis, and intranuclear inclusion bodies were evident microscopically. Electron microscopy revealed numerous adenovirus-like particles associated with the hepatic lesions. Attempts to serologically identify the agent were unsuccessful.

Sileo, L.; Franson, J.C.; Graham, D.L.; Domermuth, C.H.; Rattner, B.A.; Pattee, O.H.

1983-01-01

437

THE ENTERIC SURFACE COAT ON CAT INTESTINAL MICROVILLI  

Microsoft Academic Search

The enteric microvilli of the cat, bat, and man are coated with a conspicuous layer com- posed of fine filaments radiating from the outer dense leaflet of the plasma membrane. This surface coat is prominent on the absorptive cells but is not so thick on the goblet and undifferentiated crypt cells. In other species the surface coat is poorly developed

SUSUMU ITO

2009-01-01

438

46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

2010-10-01

439

Nutritional analysis of blenderized enteral diets in the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to analyze the nutritional quality and viscosity of blenderized enteral tube feedings (BTFs) from four hospitals in the Philippines. Samples of two different BTFs (one standard and one modified) were collected from each hospital on three separate occasions and analyzed for macronutrients, micronutrients, and viscosity. There was considerable variation among the BTFs for the

Mary M Sullivan; Pearl Sorreda-Esguerra RND; Maria Bernadette; Platon RND; Cynthia G Castro; Nancy R Chou; Susan Shott; Pedro Alarcon

440

Enteric infection meets intestinal function: how bacterial pathogens cause diarrhoea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infectious diarrhoea is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality worldwide. In bacterium-induced diarrhoea, rapid loss of fluids and electrolytes results from inhibition of the normal absorptive function of the intestine as well as the activation of secretory processes. Advances in the past 10 years in the fields of gastrointestinal physiology, innate immunity and enteric bacterial virulence mechanisms highlight the

V. K. Viswanathan; Kim Hodges; Gail Hecht

2008-01-01

441

Defining travel-associated cases of enteric fever.  

PubMed

There is no internationally recognized case-definition for travel-associated enteric fever in non-endemic countries. This study describes the patterns of case reporting between 2007 and 2011 as travel-associated or not from the surveillance data in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (EWNI), before and after a change in the time component of the case-definition in January 2011. It examines in particular the role of a time frame based on the reported typical incubation period in defining a case of travel-associated enteric fever. The results showed no significant differences in the distribution of cases of enteric fever in regards to the interval between the onset and UK arrival in 2011 compared to 2007-2010 (p=0.98 for typhoid and paratyphoid A); the distribution for paratyphoid B was also similar in both time periods. During 2007-2010, 93% (1730/1853) of all of the cases were classified as travel-associated compared to 94% (448/477) in 2011. This difference was not statistically significant. Changing the time component of the definition of travel-associated enteric fever did not make a significant difference to the proportion of travel-associated cases reported by investigators. Our analysis suggests that time might be subordinate to other considerations when investigators classify a case as travel-associated. PMID:24602772

Freedman, Joanne; Lighton, Lorraine; Jones, Jane

2014-01-01

442

The Family Characteristics of Youth Entering a Residential Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much is known about the mental health and behavioral functioning of youth who enter residential care programs, very little research has focused on examining the family characteristics of this population. Knowledge about family characteristics is important, however, as it can aid in tailoring programs to meet the needs of families who are…

Griffith, Annette K.; Ingram, Stephanie D.; Barth, Richard P.; Trout, Alexandra L.; Hurley, Kristin Duppong; Thompson, Ronald W.; Epstein, Michael H.

2009-01-01

443

Personality Profiles of Veterans Entering Treatment for Domestic Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to reveal the typical personality profiles of veterans who have been perpetrators of domestic violence. Cluster analysis revealed that the MCMI-II profiles of 183 veterans entering treatment for domestic violence at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center fell into three clusters. These clusters were labeled Subclinical Narcissism, Narcissistic Personality Disorder, and High General Psychopathology\\/ Substance

Bertram Rothschild; Carolyn Dimson; Ragnar Storaasli; Lori Clapp

1997-01-01

444

HABITAT DATA MAPSPROG USER'S MANUAL -131 Why enter and  

E-print Network

HABITAT DATA MAPSPROG USER'S MANUAL - 131 Why enter and verify Habitat data? Assess habitat structure within your station boundary IX. HABITAT STRUCTURE ASSESSMENT DATA A. PREVIEW The Habitat Structure Assessment (HSA) data, as described in the Habitat Structure Assessment Protocol, provide

DeSante, David F.

445

AN OVERVIEW OF ENTERIC VIRUS EXTRACTION AND ASSAY METHODS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Enteric viruses, particularly norovirus and hepatitis A virus, are major contaminants of molluscan shellfish, leading to outbreaks of viral illness. A host of procedures have been developed for the extraction and assay of viruses from shellfish. Early extraction and assay methods focused on the de...

446

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and enteral nutrition in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bulbar involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is often related to a worse prognosis on account of the higher risk of pulmonary aspiration and undernutrition due to dysphagia. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of enteral feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in a long-term follow-up of ALS patients. We report the results of PEG in

L. Mazzini; T. Corrà; M. Zaccala; G. Mora; M. Piano; M. Galante

1995-01-01

447

MECHANISM OF INACTIVATION OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN FRESH WATER  

EPA Science Inventory

Methods developed in the laboratory were used to measure inactivation rates of enteric viruses seeded into freshwaters from a variety of sources. All freshwater samples caused a decrease in poliovirus-1 infectivity of less than 98% within 4 days at 27 deg C. Virus inactivation wa...

448

Systemic lupus erythematosus presenting with eosinophilic enteritis: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem disorder that may present with various symptoms. It may involve the gastrointestinal tract in a variety of ways; some of the most well-known ones are transaminitis, lupus mesenteric vasculitis, lupus enteritis and mesenteric vascular leakage. We describe a case of a patient with SLE who presented with a five-month history of diarrhea caused by eosinophilic enteritis. To the best of our knowledge, there are few cases reported in the literature of patients with SLE who initially present with chronic diarrhea due to eosinophilic enteritis. Case presentation A 38-year-old Persian Iranian woman was admitted with a five-month history of diarrhea and abdominal pain. A physical examination showed nothing abnormal. Initially, she had only lymphopenia and mild eosinophilia. No autoimmune or infectious etiology was detected to justify these abnormalities. A thorough evaluation was not helpful in finding the etiology, until she developed a scalp lesion similar to discoid lupus erythematosus. Computed tomography showed small bowel wall thickening. Briefly, she manifested full-blown SLE, and it was revealed that the diarrhea was caused by eosinophilic enteritis. Conclusion Considering SLE in a patient who presents with chronic diarrhea and lymphopenia may be helpful in earlier diagnosis and therapy. This is an original case report of interest to physicians who practice internal medicine, family medicine and gastroenterology. PMID:21702974

2011-01-01

449

AFRICANAMERICAN CAVALRY SOLDIERS AND THEIR MOUNTS ENTER A CORRAL BETWEEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

AFRICAN-AMERICAN CAVALRY SOLDIERS AND THEIR MOUNTS ENTER A CORRAL BETWEEN TWO OF THE 1916 STABLES. PHOTOGRAPH IS LOOKING TO THE WEST AND WAS TAKEN IN 1928 (FORT HUACHUCA HISTORICAL MUSEUM, PHOTOGRAPH 1928.00.00.13, PHOTOGRAPHER UNIDENTIFIED, CREATED BY AND PROPERTY OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY) - Fort Huachuca, Cavalry Stables, Clarkson Road, Sierra Vista, Cochise County, AZ

450

Student Assessment System. Student Performance Record. Task Detailing. Cosmetology. Georgia Vocational Education Program Articulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet lists tasks and functions the cosmetology student should be able to do upon entering an employment situation or a postsecondary school. (Listings are also available for the areas of allied health occupations/practical nursing and transportation/automotive mechanics.) Tasks are coded to correspond to those on the Student Performance…

Georgia Univ., Athens. Div. of Vocational Education.

451

Predicting For-Profit Student Persistence Using the Student Satisfaction Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For-profit colleges are under scrutiny with questions about quality of curriculum, quality of faculty and instruction, and the value of the degree for the high-priced tuition. The high debt-load and low levels of persistence among students who enter for-profit institutions raise the level of concern for these students, many of whom are older and…

Edens, David

2012-01-01

452

Occupational Values as Discriminants of Preprofessional Student Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven occupational values were entered in a stepwise discriminant analysis of the responses of students in second level courses in law, medicine, engineering, business, and education. Five variables provided significant discrimination: pay received, advancement, working conditions, fringe benefits, prestige. (Author)

Fretz, Bruce R.

1972-01-01

453

NEWS RELEASE Associated Students, Inc. California State University, Fullerton  

E-print Network

events will be entered in an opportunity drawing to win a Fall 2013 parking permit. If you attend classes. The Presidential Debate, where students can ask questions of the President/Vice President teams

de Lijser, Peter

454

The First Year Introduction Program as a Predictor of Student Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study hypothesized that student performance in a First Year Introduction program (FYI), representing an initial sampling of students' academic behaviors, would correlate with subsequent academic success. Subjects were 1,501 first-time, first-year students attending Columbia Basin College in fall quarter 2007, whose FYI performance was graded…

Montgomery, Joe C.; Jeffs, Maddy; Schlegel, Jason; Jones, Ty

2009-01-01

455

Getting the Most out of IEPs: An Educator's Guide to the Student-Directed Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student-directed IEPs are quickly gaining momentum in schools across the country--the proven benefits include higher academic achievement, enhanced student motivation, and increased communication and self-advocacy skills for students with disabilities. Now for the first time, there's a book that gives elementary and high school educators in-depth…

Thoma, Colleen A.; Wehman, Paul

2010-01-01

456

Factors Affecting the Graduation Rates of University Students from Underrepresented Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most pressing issues facing American universities is the number of students who fail to graduate. Nearly one out of five four-year institutions graduate fewer than one-third of its first-time, full-time degree-seeking first-year students within six years. Although there are various explanations for attrition, students often leave for…

Creighton, Linda M.

2007-01-01

457

Assessing Science Students' Attitudes to Mathematics: A Case Study on a Modelling Project with Mathematical Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the attitudes of students towards mathematics after they had participated in an applied mathematical modelling project that was part of an Applied Mathematics course. The students were majoring in Earth Science at the National Taiwan Normal University. Twenty-six students took part in the project. It was the first time

Lim, L. L.; Tso, T. -Y.; Lin, F. L.

2009-01-01

458

Student Services Student Services  

E-print Network

with academic faculty to build an environment maximizing student growth and academic success. To achieve and facilitates academic success through services and programs designed to support adult learners and student facilitates the academic success of adult learners and student veterans through individual meetings, referrals

459

Copyright August 2012 by the Student Systems Competency Center and Office of the Registrar Page 1 myPurduePlan for Advisors  

E-print Network

be used to search for groups of students include Degree Code, Classification, Catalog Term, Major, Minor of the Find Students page. In the example below, two students met the search criteria entered. Next, you may to myPurduePlan, go to http://mypurdue.purdue.edu/. Enter your career account user name and password

Pittendrigh, Barry

460

Identification of 1-butyl-3-(1-(4-methyl)naphtoyl)indole detected for the first time in "herbal high" products on the Italian market.  

PubMed

The results of the analysis of some herbal products and powders adulterated with alkylindoles recovered on the Italian market between 2010 and 2011 are reported. Besides the well-known alkyindoles JWH-018 and JWH-073, other derivatives such as JWH-250 and AM-694 have been detected and for the first time in Italy 1-butyl-3-(1-(4-methyl)naphthoyl)indole (compound 1), the 4-methylnaphthoyl analogue of JWH-073. This compound as well as the other alkylindoles has been synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, DSC, GC/MS, and elemental analysis. The quantitative analyses of the samples have been carried out by means of the GC/FID method developed in our laboratory for the analysis of herbal high products containing naphthoylindoles; the quantity of the cannabimimetic substances ranged from 6 mg/g to 47 mg/g. PMID:22939184

Valoti, Ermanno; Casagni, Eleonora; Dell'Acqua, Lucia; Pallavicini, Marco; Roda, Gabriella; Rusconi, Chiara; Straniero, Valentina; Gambaro, Veniero

2012-11-30

461

The effect on costs of the use of half-dose aprotinin for first-time reoperative coronary artery bypass patients.  

PubMed

Half-dose aprotinin previously has been shown to reduce bleeding and the need for blood transfusions, but the results of cost-reduction studies have been variable. The purpose of the present retrospective study was to compare, from the perspective of the acute care hospital as health care provider, the costs associated with first-time reoperative coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients who received half-dose aprotinin with the costs in those who did not. Medical records from 46 historical controls (first-time reoperative CABG patients receiving no aprotinin) and 51 half-dose aprotinin-treated patients were reviewed. A total of 36 variables were abstracted from the medical records for analysis. It was found that more aprotinin-treated patients did not require transfusion compared with nontreated patients (47% vs 26%). Twenty-one percent fewer aprotinin-treated patients received red blood cell transfusions, 21% fewer received plateletpheresis packs, and 19% fewer received fresh frozen plasma. Cost savings per patient receiving half-dose aprotinin compared with no aprotinin were approximately $878 in blood products and $1088 in total length of stay (including critical care), for total savings of $1966. When the cost of aprotinin ($450) was subtracted, the approximate net mean savings per patient were $1516. This did not include additional cost savings with aprotinin resulting from a median 19.5-minute shorter pump time. The authors conclude that the use of half-dose aprotinin results in reductions in surgical and associated hospitalization costs because of decreases in the length of hospital stay, including length of stay in critical care, and in the use of blood products. PMID:9663372

Able, M E; Tilly, D A

1998-01-01

462

Is Pair Programming More Effective than Other Forms of Collaboration for Young Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates differences between collaboration methods in two summer enrichment classes for students entering the sixth grade. In one treatment, students used pair programming. In the other treatment, students engaged in frequent collaboration, but worked on their own computer. Students in the two treatments did not differ significantly…

Lewis, Colleen M.

2011-01-01

463

Reverse Transfer Student Characteristics--Fall 1979. Office of Institutional Research, Research Report 80-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine the characteristics of students who transferred to Essex County College from four-year institutions in Fall 1979, the responses of 88 reverse transfer students (RTS's) to 84 items on the entering student demographic questionnaire were compared to the responses of 2,087 new Fall 1979 students. The questionnaire solicited…

Drakulich, J. Scott; Karlen, Janice M.

464

A National Study of Student Early Alert Programs at Two-Year Institutions of Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately half of students at the community college level leave the institution before degree completion. Community college students are more likely than four-year students to be first-generation students, attend school part-time, be less prepared academically, work full-time, have family responsibilities, and have entered college later in…

Fletcher, Darla Michelle Keel

2012-01-01

465

ATTENTION FINAL YEAR MARINE HONOURS STUDENTS Vemco Scholarship in Marine Biology  

E-print Network

ATTENTION FINAL YEAR MARINE HONOURS STUDENTS Vemco Scholarship in Marine Biology Deadline a scholarship to a student entering the final year of Marine Biology. Students can be in Marine Co-op as well achievement. This will be determined from students' GPAs in their upper level (>1000) Biology/Marine classes

Adl, Sina

466

Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training (get Smart): a Model for Preparing Girls in Science and Engineering Disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, it is postulated that the development of a successful training program for women in science, math, engineering, and technology (SMET) disciplines is dependent upon a combination of several factors, including (a) career orientation: commitment to SMET as a career, reasons for pursuing SMET as a career, and opportunity to pursue a SMET career; (b) knowledge of SMET: SMET courses completed, SMET achievement, and hands-on SMET activities; (c) academic and social support: diversity initiatives, role models, cooperative learning, and peer counseling; and (d) self-concept: program emphasis on competence and peer competition. The proposed model is based on the GET SMART (Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training) workshop program to prepare and develop female high school students as competitive future SMET professionals. The proposed model is not intended to serve as an elaborate theory, but as a general guide in training females entering SMET disciplines.

Mawasha, P. Ruby; Lam, Paul C.; Vesalo, John; Leitch, Ronda; Rice, Stacey

467

Drug administration via enteral tubing: an unresolved but increasing challenge.  

PubMed

The number of patients with serious impairments of the swallowing function will continue to increase in the coming decades. Problems related to enteral feeding and drug administration to patients with swallowing issues is a growing concern of physicians, compounding pharmacists and nurses. The lack of information on the impact of compounding by mixing with liquid or food and/or administering through enteral or intestinal feeding tubes on the drug product safety and efficacy is problematic. In addition, there is a lack of appropriate alternative dosage forms of drugs for these routes of administration. As patients with swallowing issues represent a significant and growing patient population that is vulnerable and in need of effective drug therapy, the issue needs urgent attention by all stakeholders involved in healthcare provision. Incremental improvements at the different stages in the process, from product development to the patients' well-being are required to assure safe and effective drug therapy to an important patient population. PMID:25345599

Stegemann, Sven

2015-02-01

468

[Enteral nutrition: nasogastric tube or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy?].  

PubMed

When enteral nutrition is indicated to prevent or to treat a patient with denutrition choosing between a nasogastric tube (NGT) and a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is not always an easy decision. In neurological patients with swallowing disturbances or in patients with head and neck tumors, PEG is associated with lower rates of feeding tube dislodgement, while NGT has lower rates or morbidity. A meta-analysis showed that the interruption of nutrition is less frequent with PEG but there is no difference in terms of mortality and aspiration pneumonia between PEG and NGT. The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism recommends PEG when enteral nutrition is expected to last more than 3 weeks. PMID:23198651

Rendall, K; Pichard, C; Louis, Simonet M; Reny, J-L

2012-10-17

469

Library Use and Undergraduate Student Outcomes: New Evidence for Students' Retention and Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic libraries, like other university departments, are being asked to demonstrate their value to the institution. This study discusses the impact library usage has on the retention and academic success of first-time, first-year undergraduate students at a large, public research university. Usage statistics were gathered at the University of…

Soria, Krista M.; Fransen, Jan; Nackerud, Shane

2013-01-01

470

The effect of enteric galactose on neonatal canine carbohydrate metabolism.  

PubMed

Newborn pups were assigned to a fasting group or to a group receiving intravenous glucose alimentation. Glucose turnover was determined during steady state equilibration of simultaneously infused [6-3H] glucose. Thereafter, pups from each group received 0.625 g/Kg of either oral [U-14C] galactose or [U-14C] glucose. In fasted or intravenously alimented pups enteric glucose resulted in a rapid and sustained elevation of blood glucose concentrations. Systemic appearance of carbon-14 label from enteric glucose increased rapidly as did the enrichment of blood [14C] glucose specific activity. In those pups given enteric galactose, blood glucose values were equivalent to that in the glucose fed groups, however carbon-14 appearing in blood glucose and blood glucose specific activity was significantly lower. The peak values for rates of appearance and disappearance of systemic glucose were significantly lower in pups fed galactose than among pups fed glucose. Glucose clearance was also significantly lower in these pups despite equivalent plasma insulin responses. Among fasting pups hepatic glycogen content was significantly higher in those given either oral glucose or galactose when compared to a completely starved control group. In contrast, among alimented pups galactose administration significantly enhanced hepatic glycogen content compared to those fed glucose. Similarly, enteric substrate label incorporation into hepatic glycogen was enhanced in both groups given oral labeled galactose. In addition, hepatic glycogen synthase (glucose-6-phosphate independent) activity was increased only among alimented pups fed galactose when compared to completely fasted pups. In conclusion these data suggest that following gastrointestinal galactose administration, hepatic carbohydrate uptake is augmented while glycogen synthesis may be enhanced. Augmented glycogen synthesis following galactose administration may reflect alterations in hepatic glycogen synthase activity or enhanced hepatic carbohydrate uptake. PMID:6793805

Kliegman, R M; Miettinen, E L; Kalhan, S C; Adam, P A

1981-11-01

471

Joint WU/VA Appointments How to enter in PDS?  

E-print Network

Joint WU/VA Appointments How to enter in PDS? 1 Scenario: · Dr. X has a WU appt. of .30 and a VA at WU #12;Joint WU/VA Appointments (Cont.) 1) Calculate Full Fringes: Appt Type 1 with WU/VA Salary 2 Effort @ WU Appt Type = 1 Full WU+VA Salary Total Fringes to be requested in the application #12;3 Joint

Kroll, Kristen L.

472

Enteral nutrition for feeding severely underfed patients with anorexia nervosa.  

PubMed

Severe undernutrition nearly always leads to marked changes in body spaces (e.g., alterations of intra-extracellular water) and in body masses and composition (e.g., overall and compartmental stores of phosphate, potassium, and magnesium). In patients with severe undernutrition it is almost always necessary to use oral nutrition support and/or artificial nutrition, besides ordinary food; enteral nutrition should be a preferred route of feeding if there is a functional accessible gastrointestinal tract. Refeeding of severely malnourished patients represents two very complex and conflicting tasks: (1) to avoid "refeeding syndrome" caused by a too fast correction of malnutrition; (2) to avoid "underfeeding" caused by a too cautious rate of refeeding. The aim of this paper is to discuss the modality of refeeding severely underfed patients and to present our experience with the use of enteral tube feeding for gradual correction of very severe undernutrition whilst avoiding refeeding syndrome, in 10 patients aged 22 ± 11.4 years and with mean initial body mass index (BMI) of 11.2 ± 0.7 kg/m(2). The mean BMI increased from 11.2 ± 0.7 kg/m(2) to 17.3 ± 1.6 kg/m(2) and the mean body weight from 27.9 ± 3.3 to 43.0 ± 5.7 kg after 90 days of intensive in-patient treatment (p < 0.0001). Caloric intake levels were established after measuring resting energy expenditure by indirect calorimetry, and nutritional support was performed with enteral feeding. Vitamins, phosphate, and potassium supplements were administered during refeeding. All patients achieved a significant modification of BMI; none developed refeeding syndrome. In conclusion, our findings show that, even in cases of extreme undernutrition, enteral feeding may be a well-tolerated way of feeding. PMID:23112917

Gentile, Maria Gabriella

2012-09-01

473

Shanghai fever: a distinct Pseudomonas aeruginosa enteric disease  

PubMed Central

Background Shanghai fever, a community-acquired enteric illness associated with sepsis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, was first described in 1918. The understanding of Shanghai fever is incomplete. Objective To delineate the clinical features and to examine the host and microbial factors associated with Shanghai fever. Methods We prospectively enrolled 27 consecutive previously healthy children with community-acquired P aeruginosa enteritis and sepsis between July 2003 and June 2012. An immunological investigation, including measurement of serum immunoglobulin levels and lymphocyte subpopulations, was performed. The clonal relationship of bacterial isolates was determined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and the virulence of isolates was measured using cellular and animal models. Results The median age of the patients was 7?months; 24 (89%) were aged <1?year. The most common clinical manifestations were fever (100%), diarrhoea (96%) and shock (81%). Leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, high C-reactive protein levels, coagulopathy and hypoalbuminaemia were the key laboratory findings. Necrotising enteritis with or without bowel perforation, ecthyma gangrenosum and seizures were main complications. The death rate was 15%. No common primary immune deficiency was identified. MLST genotypes indicated that isolates from Shanghai fever were non-clonal, but they shared similar phenotypes which were invariably cytotoxic, invasive and adhesive in cellular experiments and caused prolonged gut colonisation and more death than respiratory and laboratory control strains in mice. Conclusions Shanghai fever is a sporadic community-acquired disease of previously healthy infants that manifests as sepsis associated with P aeruginosa enteric disease. Both host and microbial factors play a role in pathogenesis. PMID:23943780

Chuang, Chih-Hsien; Wang, Yi-Hsin; Chang, Hsin-Ju; Chen, Hsiu-Ling; Huang, Yhu-Chering; Lin, Tzou-Yien; Ozer, Egon A; Allen, Jonathan P; Hauser, Alan R; Chiu, Cheng-Hsun

2014-01-01

474

Bladder Rupture following Conversion to Enteric Drainage after Pancreatic Transplantation  

PubMed Central

Complications associated with bladder-drained pancreatic transplant are not uncommon and include urinary tract infections and reflux pancreatitis. Bladder rupture with peritoneal leak is a rare complication after pancreatic transplantation and can present as an acute abdomen with rapidly deteriorating renal function. We describe the first case of a urine leak into the peritoneal cavity occurring after conversion from bladder to enteric drainage. A high index of suspicion is required to diagnose such a complication. PMID:23197947

Srivastava, Vikas; Passaris, George; Juneja, Rajiv; Siddins, Mark; Barbara, Jeffrey A.J.

2012-01-01

475

Antimicrobial-Resistant Enteric Bacteria from Dairy Cattle?  

PubMed Central

A study was conducted to understand the descriptive and molecular epidemiology of antimicrobial-resistant gram-negative enteric bacteria in the feces of healthy lactating dairy cattle. Gram-negative enteric bacteria resistant to ampicillin, florfenicol, spectinomycin, and tetracycline were isolated from the feces of 35, 8, 5, and 42% of 213 lactating cattle on 74, 39, 9, 26, and 82% of 23 farms surveyed, respectively. Antimicrobial-resistant gram-negative bacteria accounted for 5 (florfenicol) to 14% (tetracycline) of total gram-negative enteric microflora. Nine bacterial species were isolated, of which Escherichia coli (87%) was the most predominant species. MICs showing reduced susceptibility to ampicillin, ceftiofur, chloramphenicol, florfenicol, spectinomycin, streptomycin, and tetracycline were observed in E. coli isolates. Isolates exhibited resistance to ampicillin (48%), ceftiofur (11%), chloramphenicol (20%), florfenicol (78%), spectinomycin (18%), and tetracycline (93%). Multidrug resistance (?3 to 6 antimicrobials) was seen in 40% of E. coli isolates from healthy lactating cattle. Of 113 tetracycline-resistant E. coli isolates, tet(B) was the predominant resistance determinant and was detected in 93% of isolates, while the remaining 7% isolates carried the tet(A) determinant. DNA-DNA hybridization assays revealed that tet determinants were located on the chromosome. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed that tetracycline-resistant E. coli isolates (n = 99 isolates) belonged to 60 subtypes, which is suggestive of a highly diverse population of tetracycline-resistant organisms. On most occasions, E. coli subtypes, although shared between cows within the herd, were confined mostly to a dairy herd. The findings of this study suggest that commensal enteric E. coli from healthy lactating cattle can be an important reservoir for tetracycline and perhaps other antimicrobial resistance determinants. PMID:17098918

Sawant, Ashish A.; Hegde, Narasimha V.; Straley, Beth A.; Donaldson, Sarah C.; Love, Brenda C.; Knabel, Stephen J.; Jayarao, Bhushan M.

2007-01-01

476

Imaging Spectrum after Pancreas Transplantation with Enteric Drainage  

PubMed Central

Since the introduction of pancreas transplantation more than 40 years ago, surgical techniques and immunosuppressive regiments have improved and both have contributed to increase the number and success rate of this procedure. However, graft survival corresponds to early diagnosis of organ-related complications. Thus, knowledge of the transplantation procedure and postoperative image anatomy are basic requirements for radiologists. In this article, we demonstrate the imaging spectrum of pancreas transplantation with enteric exocrine drainage. PMID:24497791

Chen, Jian-Ling; Shyr, Yi-Ming; Wang, Sing-E; Tseng, Hsiuo-Shan; Wang, Hsin-Kai; Huang, Shan-Su; Chang, Cheng-Yen

2014-01-01

477

Enteric infections due to Campylobacter, Yersinia, Salmonella, and Shigella*  

PubMed Central

This report reviews the available information on the clinical features, pathogenesis, bacteriology, and epidemiology of Campylobacter jejuni and Yersinia enterocolitica, both of which have recently been recognized as important causes of enteric infection. In the fields of salmonellosis and shigellosis, important new epidemiological and related findings that have implications for the control of these infections are described. Priority research activities in each of these areas are outlined. PMID:6969131

1980-01-01

478

Emergency Endovascular 'Bridge' Treatment for Iliac-Enteric Fistula  

SciTech Connect

Aortic aneurysm has been reported to be the dominant cause of primary iliac-enteric fistula (IEF) in >70% of cases [1]; other less common causes of primary IEF include peptic ulcer, primary aortitis, pancreatic pseudocyst, or neoplastic erosion into an adjacent artery [2, 3]. We describe an unusual case of IEF managed with a staged approach using an endovascular stent-graft as a 'bridge' in the emergency setting to optimize the next elective definitive excision of the lesion.

Franchin, Marco [Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria, Department of Surgical Sciences, General Surgery 1, School of Medicine (Italy); Tozzi, Matteo; Piffaretti, Gabriele, E-mail: gabriele.piffaretti@uninsubria.it [Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery, School of Medicine (Italy); Carrafiello, Gianpaolo [Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria, Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology, School of Medicine (Italy); Castelli, Patrizio [Varese University Hospital, University of Insubria, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery, School of Medicine (Italy)

2011-10-15

479

47. View of "dry air inlets" to waveguides entering scanner ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

47. View of "dry air inlets" to waveguides entering scanner building 105. Dried air is generated under pressure by Ingersoll-Rand dehumidified/dessicator and compressor system. View is at entrance from passageway that links into corner of scanner building. - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

480

[Intestinal motility and continuous enteral nutrition: electromyographic study in dogs].  

PubMed

In fasting dogs, intestinal motility is characterized by the recurrence of a cyclic pattern, named the myoelectric complex; when inhibited by meals, the myoelectric complex is replaced by typical postprandial activity. Numerous studies have been performed concerning small intestinal motility but they all concerned acute food intakes. On the contrary, the aim of our work was to investigate the influence of continuous enteral nutrition in dogs for different caloric loads. The results showed that after a temporary inhibition caused by the onset of continuous enteral nutrition, the myoelectric complexes reappeared, first with long and irregular intervals of recurrence, later and finally with the same characteristics observed during the fasting state. We conclude that small intestinal motility can present the typical features of the fasting state, in spite of the presence of nutrients in the digestive tract. The factors inducing postprandial inhibition of myoelectric complexes loose their effectiveness after a period of time which depends on the caloric load in continuous enteral nutrition. PMID:6436132

Felder, G; Crenner, F; Grenier, J F

1984-01-01

481

Enteric Protozoa in the Developed World: a Public Health Perspective  

PubMed Central

Summary: Several enteric protozoa cause severe morbidity and mortality in both humans and animals worldwide. In developed settings, enteric protozoa are often ignored as a cause of diarrheal illness due to better hygiene conditions, and as such, very little effort is used toward laboratory diagnosis. Although these protozoa contribute to the high burden of infectious diseases, estimates of their true prevalence are sometimes affected by the lack of sensitive diagnostic techniques to detect them in clinical and environmental specimens. Despite recent advances in the epidemiology, molecular biology, and treatment of protozoan illnesses, gaps in knowledge still exist, requiring further research. There is evidence that climate-related changes will contribute to their burden due to displacement of ecosystems and human and animal populations, increases in atmospheric temperature, flooding and other environmental conditions suitable for transmission, and the need for the reuse of alternative water sources to meet growing population needs. This review discusses the common enteric protozoa from a public health perspective, highlighting their epidemiology, modes of transmission, prevention, and control. It also discusses the potential impact of climate changes on their epidemiology and the issues surrounding waterborne transmission and suggests a multidisciplinary approach to their prevention and control. PMID:22763633

Fletcher, Stephanie M.; Stark, Damien; Harkness, John

2012-01-01

482

Factors motivating dyspepsia patients to enter clinical research.  

PubMed

One of the most influential factors in science and medicine has been the development of placebo-controlled clinical trials. However, recruitment of patients for clinical trials is sometimes a major problem in clinical research. Successful patient recruitment may be enhanced with a clear understanding of the motivating factors that determine a patient's decision to enter a study. We have developed the Patients' Expectations, Attitudes and Knowledge (PEAK) Program consisting of questionnaires designed to study the factors motivating patients to enter a clinical trial, as well as capturing the experiences of research participants. A total of 247 female patients with dyspepsia (mean age: 43.9; range: 18.0-78.0 years) who entered either of two prospective double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled multicenter trials in the USA completed PEAK Entry questionnaires during the first study visit. Based on their responses, the top three factors motivating patients to join the clinical trial were: interest in receiving investigational treatment with average score (AS) of 4.33 +/- 0.08 (M +/- SEM) on a 5-point scale, possibility of getting skilled professional care (AS = 4.07 +/- 0.09), and altruism expressed as an intention to help develop a new drug for the sake of other people (AS = 3.89 +/- 0.09). Age, ethnicity, and educational status significantly affected motivational factors of patients. These results indicate that recruitment can be enhanced by targeting these motivations in physician/patient communications, informed consent process and advertising for study participants. PMID:16413229

Rojavin, Mikhail A; Downs, Pamela; Shetzline, Michael A; Chilingerian, Raffy; Cohard-Radice, Marielle

2006-04-01

483

Modification of polyurethane to reduce occlusion of enteral feeding tubes  

SciTech Connect

Feeding tubes are used to supply nutritional formula to immobilized patients. The most common cause for failure of enteral feeding tubes is their occlusion. The purpose of this study was to examine whether occlusion of enteral feeding tubes could be minimized using an additive. An open, intermittent enteral feeding system was simulated in the laboratory and data was collected over a period ranging from 2 to 6 days. Feeding formula was cycled through a feeding tube in either the presence or absence of simulated gastric acid in an effort to generate a reproducible occlusion. Pressures in the tube were measured frequently throughout these cycles. We observed pressure spikes with each cycle, but never a complete occlusion. Pressure spikes formed only when simulated gastric acid was mixed with the feeding solution. Large amounts of feeding formula adsorbed onto polyurethane surfaces in the presence of gastric acid. The maximum pressure was reduced by about half from 2.0 psi to 0.8 psi when polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was added. The addition of PVA to polyurethane also reduced the contact angle from 83° (untreated) to approximately 64° in the presence of PVA. Furthermore, when formula was added to polyurethane in the presence of PVA the thickness of the layer that remained on the surface was almost 10 times greater in controls than on PVA-treated surfaces. These results suggest that a treatment that increases the hydrophilicity of the feeding tube may help minimize clogging.

Gaither, Kari A.; Tarasevich, Barbara J.; Goheen, Steven C.

2009-04-27

484

[Croatian guidelines for perioperative enteral nutrition of surgical patients].  

PubMed

Nutritional status of patients significantly affects the outcome of surgical treatment, whether it's about being obese or malnutrition with loss of muscle mass. Inadequate nutritional support in the perioperative period compromises surgical procedures even in patients who are adequately nourished. In this paper, particular attention was paid to malnourished patients, and their incidence in population hospitalized in surgical wards can be high up to 30%. Special emphasis was paid to the appropriateness of preoperative fasting and to the acceptance of new knowledge in this area of treatment. The aim of this working group was to make guidelines for perioperative nutritional support with different modalities of enteral nutrition. The development of these guidelines was attended by representatives of Croatian Medical Association: Croatian Society for Digestive Surgery, Croatian Society for Clinical Nutrition, Croatian Society of Surgery, Croatian Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Croatian Trauma Society and the Croatian Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care. The guidelines are designed as a set of questions that arise daily in clinical practice when preparing patients for surgery and after the surgical treatment, which relate to the assessment of nutritional status, perioperative nutritional support, duration of preoperative fasting period and the selection of food intake route. Assessment of nutritional status and the use of different modes of enteral nutrition should enter into standard protocols of diagnosis and treatment in the Croatian hospitals. PMID:25327004

Zeli?, Marko; Bender, Darija Vranesi?; Keleci?, Dina Ljubas; Zupan, Zeljko; Cicvari?, Tedi; Maldini, Branka; Durut, Iva; Raheli?, Velimir; Skegro, Mate; Majerovi?, Mate; Perko, Zdravko; Susti?, Alan; Madzar, Tomislav; Kovaci?, Borna; Kekez, Tihomir; Krznari?, Zeljko

2014-01-01

485

Tinto's Separation Stage and Its Influence on First-Semester College Student Persistence. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined first- to second-semester persistence of first-time, full-time college freshmen at a public four-year institution, focusing on Tinto's (1993) concept of separation. Data were collected from 689 first-time, full-time freshmen using the Cooperative Institutional Research Program 1995 Student Information Form, and from 411…

Elkins, Susan A.; Braxton, John M.; James, Glenn W.

486

Hepatitis B virus infection among first-time blood donors in Italy: prevalence and correlates between serological patterns and occult infection  

PubMed Central

Background A prospective, 1-year study was performed among Italian first-time, volunteer blood donors, who account for 12% of all donations, in order to assess the frequency and serological patterns of hepatitis B virus infection and the presence of occult infection. Materials and methods Consecutive donors (n=31,190) from 21 blood transfusion centres, from age classes not subjected to universal HBV vaccination, were tested for HBsAg and anti-HBc by commercial immunoassays. Other HBV serological markers were searched for and qualitative and quantitative assessments of HBV-DNA were made in HBsAg and/or anti-HBc-positive individuals. Results Of the 31,190 donors studied, 100 (0.32%) were positive for both HBsAg and anti-HBc, 2 for HBsAg (0.01%) alone, and 2,593 (8.3%) for anti-HBc. Of these last, 86.7% were also positive for anti-HBs (with or without anti-HBe), 2.9% were positive for anti-HBe without anti-HBs and 10.4% had no other HBV markers (anti-HBc alone). A general north-south increasing gradient of HBV prevalence was observed. Circulating HBV-DNA was found in 96.8% of HBsAg-positive subjects as compared to 0.55% (12/2,186) of anti-HBc-positive/HBsAg-negative subjects, with higher frequencies among anti-HBs-negative than among anti-HBs-positive ones (1.68% vs 0.37%; p <0.01) and among the 57 cases positive for both anti-HBc and anti-HBe (7%). HBV-DNA levels were significantly higher in HBsAg-positive subjects than in HBsAg-negative ones (median: 456 IU/mL vs 38 IU/mL). Conclusions The prevalence of HBV infection among Italian first-time blood donors is much lower than in the past. The presence of occult infections in this group was confirmed (frequency: 1 in 2,599), supporting the hypothesis of long-term persistence of HBV infection after clearance of HBsAg. HBsAg and nucleic acid amplification testing for blood screening and vaccination against HBV are crucial in order to further reduce the risk of transfusion-transmitted HBV towards zero. PMID:23399361

Romanò, Luisa; Velati, Claudio; Cambiè, Giuseppe; Fomiatti, Laura; Galli, Claudio; Zanetti, Alessandro Remo

2013-01-01

487

Age-related gene expression analysis in enteric ganglia of human colon after laser microdissection  

PubMed Central

The enteric nervous system (ENS) poses the intrinsic innervation of the gastrointestinal tract and plays a critical role for all stages of postnatal life. There is increasing scientific and clinical interest in acquired or age-related gastrointestinal dysfunctions that can be manifested in diseases such as gut constipation or fecal incontinence. In this study, we sought to analyze age-dependent changes in the gene expression profile of the human ENS, particularly in the myenteric plexus. Therefore, we used the laser microdissection technique which has been proven as a feasible tool to analyze distinct cell populations within heterogeneously composed tissues. Full biopsy gut samples were prepared from children (4–12 months), middle aged (48–58 years) and aged donors (70–95 years). Cryosections were histologically stained with H&E, the ganglia of the myenteric plexus identified and RNA isolated using laser microdissection technique. Quantitative PCR was performed for selected neural genes, neurotransmitters and receptors. Data were confirmed on protein level using NADPH-diaphorase staining and immunohistochemistry. As result, we demonstrate age-associated alterations in site-specific gene expression pattern of the ENS. Thus, in the adult and aged distal parts of the colon a marked decrease in relative gene expression of neural key genes like NGFR, RET, NOS1 and a concurrent increase of CHAT were observed. Further, we detected notable regional differences of RET, CHAT, TH, and S100B comparing gene expression in aged proximal and distal colon. Interestingly, markers indicating cellular senescence or oxidative stress (SNCA, CASP3, CAT, SOD2, and TERT) were largely unchanged within the ENS. For the first time, our study also describes the age-dependent expression pattern of all major sodium channels within the ENS. Our results are in line with previous studies showing spatio-temporal differences within the mammalian ENS. PMID:25360110

Hetz, Susan; Acikgoez, Ali; Moll, Corinna; Jahnke, Heinz-Georg; Robitzki, Andrea A.; Metzger, Roman; Metzger, Marco

2014-01-01

488

Beyond Bacteria: A Study of the Enteric Microbial Consortium in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants  

PubMed Central

Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants have high morbidity and mortality, frequently due to invasive infections from bacteria, fungi, and viruses. The microbial communities present in the gastrointestinal tracts of preterm infants may serve as a reservoir for invasive organisms and remain poorly characterized. We used deep pyrosequencing to examine the gut-associated microbiome of 11 ELBW infants in the first postnatal month, with a first time determination of the eukaryote microbiota such as fungi and nematodes, including bacteria and viruses that have not been previously described. Among the fungi observed, Candida sp. and Clavispora sp. dominated the sequences, but a range of environmental molds were also observed. Surprisingly, seventy-one percent of the infant fecal samples tested contained ribosomal sequences corresponding to the parasitic organism Trichinella. Ribosomal DNA sequences for the roundworm symbiont Xenorhabdus accompanied these sequences in the infant with the greatest proportion of Trichinella sequences. When examining ribosomal DNA sequences in aggregate, Enterobacteriales, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, and Enterococcus were the most abundant bacterial taxa in a low diversity bacterial community (mean Shannon-Weaver Index of 1.02±0.69), with relatively little change within individual infants through time. To supplement the ribosomal sequence data, shotgun sequencing was performed on DNA from multiple displacement amplification (MDA) of total fecal genomic DNA from two infants. In addition to the organisms mentioned previously, the metagenome also revealed sequences for gram positive and gram negative bacteriophages, as well as human adenovirus C. Together, these data reveal surprising eukaryotic and viral microbial diversity in ELBW enteric microbiota dominated bytypes of bacteria known to cause invasive disease in these infants. PMID:22174751

Cotton, Charles Michael; Goldberg, Ronald N.; Wynn, James L.; Jackson, Robert B.; Seed, Patrick C.

2011-01-01

489

Individualized Related Instruction for Entering the World of Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field-tested activity manual is intended to improve cooperative education coordinators' relationships with their students by providing an individualized approach that allows the student to participate in planning the area of emphasis for study and activity. Although useful in regularly scheduled classes, it was prepared especially for those…

Kimbrell, Grady; Vineyard, Ben S.

490

Entering the Community of Practitioners: A Science Research Workshop Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Science Research Workshop Program (SRW) and discusses how it provides students a legitimate science experience. SRW, which is funded by the National Science Foundation, is an apprenticeship-style program in which students write proposals requesting resources to research an original question. The program creates a…

Streitwieser, Bernhard; Light, Gregory; Pazos, Pilar

2010-01-01

491

Empowering identity reconstruction of indigenous college students through transformative learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the interplay between identity reconstruction of indigenous college students and the effects of transformative learning on their self-development and collective action. Seventeen indigenous college students were interviewed for this study. The findings showed that most indigenous college students developed stigmatized identity and low self-esteem before entering college. Participating in native student clubs and a non-formal tribal service

Peiying Chen

2011-01-01

492

Empowering identity reconstruction of indigenous college students through transformative learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the interplay between identity reconstruction of indigenous college students and the effects of transformative learning on their self-development and collective action. Seventeen indigenous college students were interviewed for this study. The findings showed that most indigenous college students developed stigmatized identity and low self-esteem before entering college. Participating in native student clubs and a non-formal tribal service

Peiying Chen

2012-01-01

493

Using Longitudinal Data to Increase Community College Student Success: A Guide to Measuring Milestone and Momentum Point Attainment. CCRC Research Tools No. 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal student unit record (SUR) data can be used to answer many important questions about student progression. This guide shows researchers how to use longitudinal SUR data to identify different student groups among first-time community college students, calculate rates of attainment of milestones and momentum points for each group, and…

Leinbach, D. Timothy; Jenkins, Davis

2008-01-01

494

Algorithms and statistics for advanced DNA analysis For the first time in history, humankind has the ability to easily read and write DNA sequence, a code  

E-print Network

to computational, statistical, and mathematical analysis are required. Meanwhile, overuse of antibiotics in hospitals and agriculture has led to widespread development of antibiotic resistant bacteria. The number the evolution of genomes and the spread of antibiotic resistance. Opportunities exist for Ph.D. students

University of Technology, Sydney

495

Altered states of consciousness and short-term psychological after-effects induced by the first time ritual use of ayahuasca in an urban context in Brazil.  

PubMed

This report describes psychological assessments of the first time ritual use of ayahuasca in the religious groups União do Vegetal and Santo Daime. Nineteen subjects who tried the beverage in Santo Daime rituals and nine subjects who tried it in União do Vegetal rituals were evaluated one to four days before their first ayahuasca experience in life and one to two weeks after this experience. Semistructured interviews and a structured psychiatric scale were used in the first evaluation to elicit set variables concerning attitudes towards the ayahuasca experience and to elicit mental health status. Mental health status was reassessed in the second evaluation, which also included a semistructured interview concerning the phenomenology of altered states of consciousness (ASCs). Predominantly positive expectancies concerning the ayahuasca experience were the most prominent findings concerning set variables. Visual phenomena, numinousness, peacefulness, insights and a distressing reaction were the most salient ASC experiences. A significant reduction of the intensity of minor psychiatric symptoms occurred in the Santo Daime group after the hallucinogen experience. Subjects in both groups reported behavioral changes towards assertiveness, serenity and vivacity/joy. The set and setting hypothesis, suggestibility processes, as well as the supposed unique effects of ayahuasca are used in discussing these findings. PMID:16149333

Barbosa, Paulo Cesar Ribeiro; Giglio, Joel Sales; Dalgalarrondo, Paulo

2005-06-01

496

Depression and suicidality during the postpartum period after first time deliveries, active component service women and dependent spouses, U.S. Armed Forces, 2007-2012.  

PubMed

Although suicide is a leading cause of death among new mothers during the postpartum period, there has been limited research on self-harm in the postpartum period and associated risk factors. One potential risk factor for suicidality (completed suicides, suicide attempts, and suicide ideation including thoughts of self harm) during the postpartum period is postpartum depression (PPD). In this study of women who gave birth for the first time between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2011, 5,267 (9.9% of all who delivered) active component service women and 10,301 (8.2%) dependent spouses received incident PPD diagnoses during the one year postpartum period; 213 (0.4%) service women and 221 (0.2%) dependent spouses were diagnosed with incident suicidality. After adjusting for the effects of other covariates, service women with PPD had 42.2 times the odds to be diagnosed with suicidality in the postpartum period compared to service women without PPD; dependent spouses with PPD had 14.5 times the odds compared to those without PPD. The findings of this report suggest that a history of mental disorders was common among service women and dependent spouses with PPD in the postpartum period, and, in turn, PPD was a strong predictor for suicidality in the postpartum period. These results emphasize the importance of PPD screening during the postpartum period. They also suggest that additional focused screening for suicidal behavior among those already diagnosed with PPD may be warranted. PMID:24093957

Do, Tai; Hu, Zheng; Otto, Jean; Rohrbeck, Patricia

2013-09-01

497

An analysis of first-time enquirers to the CancerBACUP information service: variations with cancer site, demographic status and geographical location  

PubMed Central

A retrospective comparison of cancer incidence data and, where relevant, population data with 16 955first-time users (patients, relatives and friends) of a national cancer information service (CancerBACUP) during the period April1995 to March 1996 is presented. The number of events observed was compared with the number of events expected, were the nationalrates of cancer incidence and population demographics apply. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) (observed – expectedratios) were used to indicate any differences. Statistically significant differences (P< 0.001) in the observed andexpected sex, age and primary site distribution of patients enquired about were found. Statistically significant differences(P< 0.001) were also identified for the age, employment status, socioeconomic class and geographical location offirst-time enquirers (patients, relatives and friends). Enquiries about brain, testis and breast cancers and non-Hodgkin'slymphoma (NHL) were substantially higher than expected; enquiries about bladder, lung, stomach and colorectal cancers were muchlower than expected. As the service is provided via a freephone number, it is available to all, and users might be expected to berandomly distributed across the variables listed. The underlying reasons for the differences identified need to be investigated,and the role of information in the care of cancer patients should be formally evaluated. © 1999 Cancer Research Campaign PMID:10408705

Boudioni, M; McPherson, K; Mossman, J; Boulton, M; Jones, A L; King, J; Wilson, E; Slevin, M L

1999-01-01

498

'Intimate mothering publics': comparing face-to-face support groups and Internet use for women seeking information and advice in the transition to first-time motherhood.  

PubMed

This paper seeks to contribute to an understanding of the changing nature of support and information-seeking practices for women in the transition to first-time motherhood. In the context of increasing digitalisation, the significance of new virtual spaces for parenting is discussed. The paper demonstrates how women seek out alternative forms of expertise (specifically, non-medical expertise) and social support. The author argues for the importance of 'intimate mothering publics' through which women gather experiential information and practical support. These publics can act as a space for women to 'test' or legitimise their new identity as a mother. Intimate mothering publics are particularly useful for thinking about the meaning-making practices and learning experiences that occur during intimate online and face-to-face interactions. A variety of types of online support may be used during pregnancy. Surreptitious support in particular involves users invisibly receiving advice, information and reassurance that might otherwise be lacking. Access to intimate mothering publics is motivated by a number of factors, including feelings of community or acceptance, the desire to be a good mother or parent, emotional support and the need for practical and experiential advice. PMID:25339096

Johnson, Sophia Alice

2015-02-01

499

Entering and Succeeding in the "Culture of College": The Story of Two Mexican Heritage Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this retrospective study, the academic resilience of two individuals of Mexican heritage who graduated from Stanford University is described. The respondents (a woman and a man) now in their early 20s came from home backgrounds of extreme impoverishment and adversity. By means of in-depth interviews the challenges the two respondents faced in…

Cabrera, Nolan L.; Padilla, Amado M.

2004-01-01

500

MSc/Postgraduate Diploma/ Postgraduate Certificate in Applied Meteorology For students entering in 2010  

E-print Network

the qualification Chartered Meteorologist. Summary of programme aims The aim of the Applied Meteorology MSc-processing Writing technical reports Teamworking Solving numerical problems related to environmental science Applications of standard software packages (spreadsheets, databases, image analysis) to environmental science

Hogan, Robin