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1

Fall 1986 First-Time Community College Student Transfer Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992, 27 Illinois community college districts (38 colleges) participated in a national transfer study conducted by the Center for the Study of Community Colleges (CSCC). The purpose of the study was to test a model for calculating transfer rates which used as its cohort group those students entering a community college in fall 1986 with no…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

2

Analysis of the Enrollment Loss among First-Time-in-College Students Attending Miami-Dade Community College. Research Report No. 95-07R.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From fall 1990 to fall 1994, Florida's Miami-Dade Community College (M-DCC) experienced a decline in enrollment among first-time-in-college students. To determine reasons for the decline, M-DCC examined characteristics and high school of origin of first-time students in the period, categorizing students as direct-entry (i.e., entering within 1…

Brann, Herman I.

3

A Profile of First-Time Students at Virginia Community Colleges, 1974-75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes first-time students in the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) in terms of demographic characteristics, socioeconomic background, academic characteristics, and goals. Additionally, the VCCS student characteristics are compared with American Council on Education norms for two- and four-year public college students…

DeFreitas, Patricia M.; Roesler, Elmo D.

4

A Profile of First-Time Students at Virginia Community Colleges, 1975-76.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the third in a series of reports describing first-time students in the Virginia Community College System (VCCS), this report provides data on demographic, socioeconomic, and academic characteristics, and on student goals. In addition, 1975-76 student data are compared to 1973-74 and 1974-75 data and American Council on Education norms for two-…

Adams, June Johnson; Roesler, Elmo D.

5

The Impact of Pharmacy Students’ Remediation Status on NAPLEX First-Time Pass Rates  

PubMed Central

Objective. To determine whether there is a difference in pass rates on the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX) between students who did and did not require remediation for deficient course grades. Methods. Student-specific data were collected regarding course grade deficiencies and completion of a comprehensive examination or course for remediation. Student-specific first-time NAPLEX performance data for the graduating classes of 2008, 2009, and 2011were provided by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP). Results. A significant difference was found in first-time NAPLEX mean pass rates between students who did not need to undergo remediation versus those who did ( 97% vs 70%). Conclusion. Students requiring remediation for deficient course grades had a lower pass rate on the NAPLEX compared with those who did not require remediation. The difference can be attributed to several factors and therefore further study is needed. PMID:23275656

Etzler, Frank M.; Schweiger, Teresa; Bell, Hershey S.

2012-01-01

6

Small Business Planning and Management for the First-Time Entrepreneur. Instructor's Resource Manual. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's resource manual and student workbook accompany the textbook of the same name. The manual is intended to help the teacher working with the small business manager and first-time entrepreneur. Each chapter contains these sections: instructional goals; resource people; tips for follow-up activities at the end of each chapter;…

Hamilton, William H.; Connelly, Donald F.

7

Price Responsiveness of First-time Students A Comparison of the Tuition Price and Financial Aid Responsiveness of  

E-print Network

Price Responsiveness of First-time Students A Comparison of the Tuition Price and Financial Aid. Heller #12;Price Responsiveness of First-time Students Abstract This study expands on the existing body of student price responsiveness research by comparing the tuition and financial aid sensitivity of first

Heller, Don

8

FACTBOOK 2013-2014 Admissions First Time First-Year Entering Students by Major  

E-print Network

- - - 1 - - 1 - Linguistics and Spanish - - - - - - 1 - Music and Dance 47 47 48 48 52 49 53 44 Dance - - - - - 2 - - Dance BFA 11 5 5 9 6 11 4 5 Music 2 4 1 2 1 1 4 1 Music (BMus) 34 38 42 37 45 35 45 38 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Physics 15 24 20 34 30 41 58 45 Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences 3 4 5 6 1

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

9

New York State Postsecondary Enrollments. First-Time, Full-Time Students. Fall 1981, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1990 and 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents tables of data on enrollment and geographic origins of first-time, full-time students attending postsecondary institutions in New York State for 6 years between 1981 through 1992. Categories of data include county of residence of students, names of individual colleges, and institutional sector (State University of New York,…

State Univ. of New York, Albany. Office of Policy Analysis.

10

Comparison of Spatial Skills of Students Entering Different Engineering Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spatial skills have been shown to be important to success in an engineering curriculum, and some question if poor spatial skills prevent students from entering STEM fields or if students with weak spatial skills avoid engineering disciplines believed to highly spatially-oriented. Veurink and Hamlin (2011) found that freshmen students entering…

Veurink, N.; Sorby, S. A.

2012-01-01

11

Depression, anxiety, and perceived hassles among entering medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated depression and anxiety among students who were entering medical school prior to the onset of their medical curriculum. Entering students reported financial, day-to-day, academic, and time hassles as concerns. Interestingly, the population characteristics of gender, marital status, and ethnicity impacted the type of self-reported hassles indicated by the students. Measurements of depression and anxiety indicated that entering

Carol Klose Smith; D. Fred Peterson; Brain F. Degenhardt; Jane C. Johnson

2007-01-01

12

FILM OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER)  

E-print Network

FILM OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER) NOTE ON REVERSE. GATE REQUIREMENTS FOR FILM OPTION: FILM 100IH ­ Introduction to Film & Photography ...................................................................... 3

Lawrence, Rick L.

13

Perceived Quality of Service and Behavioral Intentions of First-Time Students Enrolled at The University of North Carolina Asheville  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to use the SERVQUAL (Service Quality Instrument) to examine the perceptions of first-time enrolled students at University of North Carolina Asheville regarding the services they receive from a selected group of departments in the university's One Stop area. In addition, the study examined whether a relationship…

Mitchell, Patrice Black

2011-01-01

14

Entering Advising Notes It is easy to enter a general comment or advising notes onto a student's record. Remember,  

E-print Network

Entering Advising Notes It is easy to enter a general comment or advising notes onto a student's record. Remember, these notes are visible by anyone who has access to CAPP: the student, all faculty advisors, and their academic counselor. To enter a note, simply click the green "plus" to the right

Nelson, Tim

15

Experiences and Engagement Levels of Entering Community College Students and Returning Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to explore the differences in engagement levels between entering and returning community college students, the researcher analyzed 13,300 surveys from the 2007 Survey of Entering Student Engagement (SENSE) pilot data set utilizing a quantitative methodology. This study focused on analyzing engagement levels of entering and returning…

De los Reyes, Maria Oralia

2008-01-01

16

MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later) Graduation Requirements Requirement: Choose one of these four options: (Microbiology majors must choose BIOL 43800 and 43900, General Microbiology and Microbiology lab) A. BIOL 39500 Macromolecules (3 cr.; fall) B. BIOL 36600 Principles

Jiang, Wen

17

MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later)  

E-print Network

MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later) Graduation Requirements, Intro. To Evolution & Ecology (2 cr.; fall) 9. One of these four options: (Microbiology majors must choose BIOL 43800 and 43900, General Microbiology and Microbiology lab) A. BIOL 39500 Macromolecules (3

Jiang, Wen

18

BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

1 BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later) Graduation Requirements Requirement: Choose one of these four options: (Biochemistry majors must choose BIOL 39500, Macromolecules) A Biochemistry (3 cr.; fall) 13. Biology Electives: Two of these courses: A. BIOL 41600 Viruses and Viral

Jiang, Wen

19

BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later)  

E-print Network

BIOCHEMISTRY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later) Graduation Requirements, Intro. To Evolution & Ecology (2 cr.; fall) 9. One of these four options: (Biochemistry majors must & Measurement in Physical Biochemistry (3 cr.; fall) 13. Two of these courses: A. BIOL 41600 Viruses and Viral

Jiang, Wen

20

The First Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author narrates her experience of meeting a Montessori kid for the first time and shares the characteristics she observed in Montessori students. The author was working as director of academic resources in university housing at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and met Jason, a pre-med sophomore who was the resident…

Black, Beth

2011-01-01

21

Enteritis  

MedlinePLUS

... with suspected enteric infection. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ... with diarrhea and malabsorption. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ...

22

To: Incoming Students in Neuroscience Dear Entering Students  

E-print Network

in the Mandel Center for the Humanities Atrium. 1:30 pm ­ 2:45 pm Chemical Hygiene Safety Test, Andy Finn Committee: Donald Katz (chair), Paul Garrity, Sacha Nelson Courses: Students in the first semester

Fraden, Seth

23

Selected Characteristics of Fall 1979 Entering Students. Student Flow Program, Report 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were gathered on the 2,005 new and transfer students who entered Kapiolani Community College in Fall, 1979. These data, extracted from student applications, placement test files, and financial aid records, show that: (1) 61% of the students were female; (2) 43% were below the age of 19; (3) 88% were unmarried; (4) 60% had attended a public,…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Kapiolani Community Coll.

24

Analysis of Persistence After Four Semesters, Fall 1975 Entering Students. Student Flow Project, Report No. 28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Hawaii Community College System conducted a follow-up study of the 8,979 students who enrolled for the first time in fall 1975, to determine persistence rates and to ascertain the characteristics of graduates, persisters, non-persisters, and stop-outs. Those who had attended four continuous semesters and had graduated, were designated…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

25

Planning, Organizing, and Conducting a 2Week Study Abroad Trip for Undergraduate Students: Guidelines for First-Time Faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides specific recommendations to help faculty members organize, plan, and conduct a short-term overseas study tour. Specifically, strategies are presented to help with managing student anxiety in the pretrip sessions, acclimating the students to their new environment in the early part of the trip, balancing academic content with cultural activities, selecting types of learning activities, and facilitating a

Stephen K. Koernig

2007-01-01

26

Planning, Organizing, and Conducting a 2-Week Study Abroad Trip for Undergraduate Students: Guidelines for First-Time Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides specific recommendations to help faculty members organize, plan, and conduct a short-term overseas study tour. Specifically, strategies are presented to help with managing student anxiety in the pretrip sessions, acclimating the students to their new environment in the early part of the trip, balancing academic content with…

Koernig, Stephen K.

2007-01-01

27

85 Pct. of First-Time Students Attend College in Home States, U.S. Study Finds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new survey shows that six states enroll more than 90 percent of their residents who attend college, with students more likely to leave their home states to attend four-year than two-year colleges. (MSE)

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1988

1988-01-01

28

Analysis of Persistence After Four Semesters, Fall 1974 Entering Students. Student Flow Project, Report No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of persistence of 9,171 fall 1974 entering students in Hawaii community colleges, by various characteristics, was conducted. Characteristics focused on were: sex, age, marital status, high school background, entry, status (full- or part-time), educational objective, program, grade point average (GPA), and credit completion ratio. Data…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

29

Students' Approaches to Learning when Entering Higher Education: Differences between Students with Senior General Secondary and Senior Secondary Educational Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, more students have entered Dutch higher education. This is a consequence of the possibility to offer students to enter higher education, with a certificate from senior secondary education (SSVE). In earlier days most students in higher education had passed senior general secondary education (SGSE), or even pre-university education. It is…

Van Bragt, Cyrille A. C.; Bakx, Anouke W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, Johan M. M.; Croon, Marcel A.

2007-01-01

30

A Small-Scale Client Project for Business Writing Students: Developing a Guide for First-Time Home Buyers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assignment reflects a client-based pedagogy, which is often used in technical and professional communication courses. Unlike service learning pedagogy, which emphasizes social activism, client-based pedagogy focuses on helping students to understand and respond effectively to "real-world" clients and their organizational contexts. Also,…

Kreth, Melinda L.

2005-01-01

31

Factors Associated with Engagement Levels among Entering and Returning Hispanic College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the engagement levels among entering and returning Hispanic community college students. This study provides needed data focused specifically on Hispanic student engagement. Limited data exist on the persistence of community college students in general, and Hispanic students in particular. The data were…

Napoles, Gerald F.

2009-01-01

32

Community College Student First Year Fall to Fall Persistence: Experiences of Successful First-Time-In-College Hispanics at a Predominately Hispanic Student Community College in the South Texas/Mexico Border Region  

E-print Network

of the Hispanic population. The purpose of this naturalistic inquiry was to understand 1) the barriers experienced by successful first year (fall to fall) first-time-in-college Hispanic students at a predominately Hispanic student community college on the South...

Canales, Luzelma

2012-02-14

33

Are STEM High School Students Entering the STEM Pipeline?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the career skills and interests for students in two STEM schools to national data. Students completed the KUDER skills assessment and career planning online tools. Results were compared across school, grade level, and sex. The results provided evidence that STEM high school students expressed career intents in predominately…

Franco, M. Suzanne; Patel, Nimisha H.; Lindsey, Jill

2012-01-01

34

Knowledge Structures of Entering Computer Networking Students and Their Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students bring prior knowledge to their learning experiences. This prior knowledge is known to affect how students encode and later retrieve new information learned. Teachers and content developers can use information about students' prior knowledge to create more effective lessons and materials. In many content areas, particularly the sciences,…

DiCerbo, Kristen E.

2007-01-01

35

Implementation of a Study Skills Program for Entering At-Risk Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the first year of medical school is challenging for all students, there may be specific issues for students from rural areas, economically disadvantaged backgrounds, ethnic minorities, or nontraditional age groups. A Summer Prematriculation Program (SPP) was created to prepare entering at-risk students for the demands of medical school. For…

Miller, Cynthia J.

2014-01-01

36

Flourishing, Substance Use, and Engagement in Students Entering College: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The present study explores the association between positive mental health or flourishing, depression, and engaged learning in undergraduates. Participants: Entering first year students (N = 428) at a liberal arts college. Methods: Students completed measures of depression, flourishing, substance use, and student engagement. Results:…

Low, Kathryn Graff

2011-01-01

37

MSc/Postgraduate Diploma/ Postgraduate Certificate in Applied Meteorology For students entering in 2010  

E-print Network

1 MSc/Postgraduate Diploma/ Postgraduate Certificate in Applied Meteorology For students entering Reynolds (Meteorology) Board of Studies: School of MMP PG taught programmes Accreditation: The programme is approved by the Royal Meteorological Society as appropriate training for meteorologists seeking

Hogan, Robin

38

Entering Student Affairs: A Comparative Study of Graduate School Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the college choice process of graduate students in College Student Personnel programs at a public university and a private religiously affiliated university. Despite differences in size, mission, and location of the two institutions studied, the research findings show that respondent populations were similar demographically…

Mertz, Norma; Eckman, Ellen; Strayhorn, Terrell

2012-01-01

39

Attrition and Retention of Full-Time, First-Time and Full-Time, Transfer Students in Baccalaureate and Associate Degree Programs, Including Postsecondary Opportunity Students, State University of New York Class of 1993. Includes Racial/Ethnic Detail and Partial History of Later Cohorts as of Fall 1993 along with Trends in Attrition and Retention of Full-Time, First-Time Students, in Baccalaureate and Associate Degree Programs, Classes of Fall 1977 through Fall 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined trends in attrition and retention of State University of New York students enrolled in both baccalaureate and associate degree programs. A cohort survival analysis was used to evaluate the relative success of the students. Data are based on full-time, first-time and transfer Fall enrollees from 1987 through 1992 and were…

State Univ. of New York, Albany. Central Staff Office of Institutional Research.

40

MINOR for Natural Resources Conservation For students entering after Aug. 2010  

E-print Network

yrs) 2 NRC 597F Conservation Genetics (3cr-sprg) 3 D. Water Resources NRC 528 Forest and WetlandMINOR for Natural Resources Conservation For students entering after Aug. 2010 Conserving Earth provide humans are two major objectives of natural resources conservation. In this minor, students learn

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

41

Who Are the Future Teachers in Turkey? Characteristics of Entering Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examines the background characteristics, socio-cultural values and pedagogical beliefs that entering student teachers bring with them into the faculties of education and explores their possible implications for teacher education in the Turkish context. The study comprised 18,226 first-year student teachers from 51 faculties…

Aksu, Meral; Demir, Cennet Engin; Daloglu, Aysegul; Yildirim, Soner; Kiraz, Ercan

2010-01-01

42

Analysis and Classification of Entering Freshmen Mathematic Students Using Multiple Discriminate Function Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Predictor variables that could be used effectively to place entering freshmen methematics students into courses of instruction in mathematics were investigated at West Virginia University. Multiple discriminant analysis was used with nearly 6,000 student records collected over a three-year period, and a series of predictive equations were…

Ahrens, Steve

43

University of San Francisco IPEDS 2009-10 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003  

E-print Network

required (4 years) to complete. Female Male First Time Full Time Freshmen Athletes on Athletic Aid Page 1 Asian Non-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 116 110 10 630 320 896 225 years) American American Asian Non-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 77 71

Galles, David

44

University of San Francisco IPEDS 2007-08 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001  

E-print Network

required (4 years) to complete. Female Male First Time Full Time Freshmen Athletes on Athletic Aid Page 1 Asian Non-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 107 80 17 583 237 856 146 2026) American American Asian Non-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 69 59 8 431 161

Galles, David

45

University of San Francisco IPEDS 2008-09 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2002  

E-print Network

required (4 years) to complete. Female Male First Time Full Time Freshmen Athletes on Athletic Aid Sports Asian Non-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 103 97 13 620 276 875 188 2172) American American Asian Non-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 65 67 6 455 189

Galles, David

46

Recruiting and retaining geoscience students at a large public university: Balancing the needs of first-time freshman and upper-division transfer students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Geological Sciences at California State University, Fullerton (CSUF) is one of the largest geology programs in the state. Approximately 4,000 students at CSUF take general education geology classes; this provides a large pool from which to recruit undergraduate students for either the Geology B.S. or Earth Sciences B.A. offered by the department. The department has seen a dramatic increase in majors over the last decade, from a low of 28 majors in 2002 to more than 110 in 2012. This increase does not appear to be driven by growth in the oil industry; in a recent survey of CSUF geoscience (BS or BA) students, 15% of respondents indicated an interest in a career in petroleum. The department has engaged in aggressive recruitment and outreach efforts over the last decade, with activities ranging from earthquake preparedness rallies in conjunction with the annual California ShakeOut, to an emerging high school and community college intern program at the department's paleontology curation facility. Despite these efforts, the majority of CSUF geoscience students declared the geology major after taking an introductory physical geology course either at CSUF or a local community college. Over the last ten years, approximately 50% of the geoscience majors at CSUF transferred from a community college. Among the geoscience students who began their career at CSUF, only one third had declared a geoscience major in their freshman year. Over two thirds of geoscience majors at CSUF declared their major after completing more than 60 units. The strong tendency for students to declare a geoscience major late in their career poses significant challenges to students' ability to graduate in a timely manner. To mitigate this problem, the department has an aggressive advising program, wherein students attend mandatory advising with a faculty member every semester. The department is also working closely with community college partners to improve the preparation of transfer students through advising partnerships facilitated by the NSF-sponsored STEM2 program, and through active collaboration in implementing a geology "Associate's Degree-for-Transfer" at community colleges under the framework of California's Student Transfer Achievement Reform Act (SB 1440).

Bowman, D. D.; Clemens-Knott, D.

2012-12-01

47

Survey of Fall 1975 Entering Students Who Graduated in 1977-78: Community Colleges. Student Flow Project, Report No. 47.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a longitudinal study of fall 1975 entering students at Hawaii community colleges, this report focuses on the 750 students from that class who graduated during 1977-78. Findings in this report are presented for the community college total and by program for the 436 (58%) who responded to the survey. Approximately 88% of these respondents…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

48

An Open Letter to Parents of Students With Disabilities About to Enter College  

E-print Network

An Open Letter to Parents of Students With Disabilities About to Enter College Dear Parents, I have, but that is not why I am writing to you today. I am writing as a parent, and thus as someone who shares all your and take her off to college in the Fall, I recognize that this role has ended for me ­ and the word

Mitchener, W. Garrett

49

CELL, MOLECULAR AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

CELL, MOLECULAR AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later III: Cell Structure and Function (2 cr.; fall) 6. BIOL 24100 Biology IV: Genetics and Molecular Biology (3 cr.; spring) 7. BIOL 24200 Laboratory in Genetics and Molecular Biology (2 cr.; spring) 8. BIOL

Jiang, Wen

50

Persistence of L.A.C.C. Students Entering in Fall, 1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of Los Angeles City College (LACC) attrition examined characteristics of 397 randomly selected students who entered in the fall of 1967. Summaries of the more important findings follow. Ninety per cent of the sample population persisted through the first semester, though only sixteen per cent returned to complete a fifth semester.…

Gold, Ben K.

51

ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)  

E-print Network

ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later course other than BIOL 54200 124 Total Credits BIOLOGY: 1. BIOL 12100 Biology I: Diversity, Ecology 28600 Intro. to Ecology and Evolution (2 cr.; spring) or BIOL 29500, Intro. to Evolution & Ecology (2 cr

Jiang, Wen

52

Epistemic and ontological cognition of entering and postdidactic occupational therapy students.  

PubMed

Beliefs about knowledge and knowing, also called epistemic and ontological cognition (EOC), are associated with many aspects of learning and achievement; no published studies have described the EOC of occupational therapy students. This study compares and contrasts occupational therapy students' EOC at entry and on completion of didactic coursework. Twenty-one incoming and 33 postdidactic students completed the Epistemic Beliefs Inventory and the modified Four-Quadrant Scale and provided explanations for their self-ratings. Results indicate that the postdidactic students held more sophisticated stances toward occupational therapy-specific knowledge. The entering students demonstrated dogmatist and skeptic perspectives, with minimal evidence of a rationalist view of knowledge, whereas the postdidactic students showed evidence of primarily skeptic stances, with the emergence of rationalist views. Implications for occupational therapy theory, education, and research are discussed. PMID:25397935

Mitchell, Anita Witt

2014-01-01

53

The Thurgood Marshall School of Law Empirical Findings: A Six-Year Study of the First-Time and Ultimate Bar Exam Results of Students According to Law School Admission Council (LSAC) Index  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following report of descriptive statistics addresses the matriculating class of 2001-2007 according to their Law School Admission Council (LSAC) index. Generally, this report will offer information on the first time bar and ultimate performance on the Bar Exam of TMSL students. In addition, graduating GPA according to the LSAC index will also…

Kadhi, T.; Holley, D.; Beard, J.

2011-01-01

54

Stress and cardiometabolic manifestations among Saudi students entering universities: a cross-sectional observational study  

PubMed Central

Background In this observational study, we aimed to see whether transition in Saudi students entering university life could be a breeding stage for cardiometabolic risk factor emergence and clustering. Methods A total of 1878 apparently healthy Saudi students of the Preparatory Year, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA (1112 men and 766 women) spanning 2 academic years were included. They were divided into 2 groups based on the validated perceived stress test (PST). Anthropometrics were obtained and fasting blood samples were collected for measurement of fasting blood glucose and a lipid profile. Results PST score (>27) considered indicative of stress was noted in 44.4% of students. The prevalence of this score was higher in women than in men (49.7% versus 40.7%). The prevalence of obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia was significantly higher in men than women (p?students entering universities. This study sheds light on the social responsibility of universities in promoting a healthy lifestyle, particularly in this age group, when exposure to different kinds of stressors may result in body weight and metabolic changes. PMID:24755010

2014-01-01

55

The impact of a freshman academy on science performance of first-time ninth-grade students at one Georgia high school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this within-group experimental study was to find out to what extent ninth-grade students improved their science performance beyond their middle school science performance at one Georgia high school utilizing a freshman academy model. Freshman academies have been recognized as a useful tool for increasing academic performance among ninth-grade students because they address a range of academic support initiatives tailored to improve academic performance among ninth-grade students. The talent development model developed by Legters, Balfanz, Jordan, and McPartland (2002) has served as a foundational standard for many ninth grade academy programs. A cornerstone feature of this model is the creation of small learning communities used to increase ninth-grade student performance. Another recommendation was to offer credit recovery opportunities for ninth graders along with creating parent and community involvement activities to increase academic success among ninth-grade students. While the site's program included some of the initiatives outlined by the talent development model, it did not utilize all of them. The study concluded that the academy did not show a definitive increase in academic performance among ninth-grade students since most students stayed within their original performance category.

Daniel, Vivian Summerour

56

Students Entering and Leaving Postsecondary Occupational Education: 1995-2001. Statistical Analysis Report. NCES 2007-041  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report uses data from the 1995-96 to 2001 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study to examine three questions concerning students pursuing postsecondary certificates or associate's degrees in career related fields (referred to here as occupational students): (1) who enters postsecondary occupational education? (2) to what extent do…

Hudson, Lisa; Kienzl, Gregory; Diehl, Juliet

2007-01-01

57

Comparing the College of Charleston to Other Institutions: Diversity-Acceptance Rates and Yield Rates of First-time, Full-time Degree-Seeking Students: by Time Status South Carolina Institutions  

E-print Network

-Acceptance Rates and Yield Rates of First-time, Full-time Degree-Seeking Students: by Time Status South Carolina Citadel Military College of South Carolina 618 58 676 0 0 0 618 58 676 Clemson University 1,714 1,721 3,206 University of South Carolina-Columbia 2,019 2,561 4,580 26 19 45 2,045 2,580 4,625 Winthrop University 325

Kasman, Alex

58

The Impact of a Freshman Academy on Science Performance of First-Time Ninth-Grade Students at One Georgia High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this within-group experimental study was to find out to what extent ninth-grade students improved their science performance beyond their middle school science performance at one Georgia high school utilizing a freshman academy model. Freshman academies have been recognized as a useful tool for increasing academic performance among…

Daniel, Vivian Summerour

2011-01-01

59

Implementing Process-Oriented, Guided-Inquiry Learning for the First Time: Adaptations and Short-Term Impacts on Students' Attitude and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Innovative, research-based instructional practices are critical to transforming the conventional undergraduate instructional landscape into a student-centered learning environment. Research on dissemination of innovation indicates that instructors often adapt rather than adopt these practices. These adaptations can lead to the loss of critical…

Chase, Anthony; Pakhira, Deblina; Stains, Marilyne

2013-01-01

60

Not Graduating In Six Years: Characteristics of First-time Full-time College Students Who Drop Out Late And Who Stay Long  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student retention, persistence, and graduation have been essential issues in contemporary American higher education. In recent years, the public and public policy makers have been particularly concerned with the measure of six-year graduation rates. However, there does not seem to be an adequate amount of statistically rigorous research with a specific focus on six-year graduation rate, though some national studies

Yanli Ma

2009-01-01

61

Cognitive Profile of Students Who Enter Higher Education with an Indication of Dyslexia  

PubMed Central

For languages other than English there is a lack of empirical evidence about the cognitive profile of students entering higher education with a diagnosis of dyslexia. To obtain such evidence, we compared a group of 100 Dutch-speaking students diagnosed with dyslexia with a control group of 100 students without learning disabilities. Our study showed selective deficits in reading and writing (effect sizes for accuracy between d?=?1 and d?=?2), arithmetic (d?1), and phonological processing (d>0.7). Except for spelling, these deficits were larger for speed related measures than for accuracy related measures. Students with dyslexia also performed slightly inferior on the KAIT tests of crystallized intelligence, due to the retrieval of verbal information from long-term memory. No significant differences were observed in the KAIT tests of fluid intelligence. The profile we obtained agrees with a recent meta-analysis of English findings suggesting that it generalizes to all alphabetic languages. Implications for special arrangements for students with dyslexia in higher education are outlined. PMID:22719864

Brysbaert, Marc

2012-01-01

62

How to load Personal Tutor and other Links into the CIS Student Enter the the CIS system  

E-print Network

DAS/SSL11 V1.0 How to load Personal Tutor and other Links into the CIS Student Record 1) In Bulk Enter the the CIS system From the menu, select Applications, then Departmental, then Links. 4 menu options appear: select Bulk Link Creation followed by Personal Tutor. N.B. To create links for the Student

Martin, Stephen John

63

Visiting Medical Student Immunization Requirements Entering medical students are required to show  

E-print Network

: · Proof of immunity through blood titer to Measles (Rubeola), Mumps, German Measles (Rubella is fluent in the document's original language. · MEASLES, MUMPS, RUBELLA: A copy of laboratory report(s) in English with evidence of immunity to Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. Students whose laboratory testing does

He, Chuan

64

Medical Student Immunization Requirements Entering medical students are required to show  

E-print Network

of immunity through blood titer to Measles (Rubeola), Mumps, German Measles (Rubella), and Hepatitis B is fluent in the document's original language. · MEASLES, MUMPS, RUBELLA: A copy of laboratory report(s) in English with evidence of immunity to Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. Students whose laboratory testing does

He, Chuan

65

Would medical students enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high mortality rate? An analysis of book reports on 28 (secondary publication).  

PubMed

This study aimed to ascertain whether medical students would enter a closed area where there was a raging epidemic of an infectious disease with a high fatality rate, and includes reasons for the students entering or refusing to enter. Participants included 50 second-year medical students. They were assigned to read a novel entitled 28, written by Youjeong Jeong, and discuss it in groups. Using their book reports, their decisions of whether or not to enter Hwayang, the city from the novel, and the reasons for their decisions were analyzed; we furthermore investigated the factors affecting their decisions. Among the 50 respondents, 18 students (36%) answered that they would enter, and the remaining 32 students (64%) answered that they would not enter the zone. The reasons given for entering were responsibility (44%), sense of ethics (33%), social duty (17%), and sense of guilt (6%). The reasons the students provided for not entering were inefficiency (44%), worry regarding family (28%), needlessness of sacrifice (19%), and safety not ensured (9%). Students who had four or fewer family members were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had five or more family members (odds ratio, 1.85). Students who had completed over 100 hours of volunteer work were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had volunteered less than 100 hours (odds ratio, 2.04). Owing to their "responsibility" as a doctor, 36% of medical students answered that they would enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high fatality rate. However, 64% answered they would not enter because of "inefficiency." For the medical students it is still a question 'To enter or not to enter?' PMID:25112443

Hwang, Kun; Hong, Hyung Sun; Heo, Won Young

2014-01-01

66

Would medical students enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high mortality rate? An analysis of book reports on 28 (secondary publication)  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to ascertain whether medical students would enter a closed area where there was a raging epidemic of an infectious disease with a high fatality rate, and includes reasons for the students entering or refusing to enter. Participants included 50 second-year medical students. They were assigned to read a novel entitled 28, written by Youjeong Jeong, and discuss it in groups. Using their book reports, their decisions of whether or not to enter Hwayang, the city from the novel, and the reasons for their decisions were analyzed; we furthermore investigated the factors affecting their decisions. Among the 50 respondents, 18 students (36%) answered that they would enter, and the remaining 32 students (64%) answered that they would not enter the zone. The reasons given for entering were responsibility (44%), sense of ethics (33%), social duty (17%), and sense of guilt (6%). The reasons the students provided for not entering were inefficiency (44%), worry regarding family (28%), needlessness of sacrifice (19%), and safety not ensured (9%). Students who had four or fewer family members were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had five or more family members (odds ratio, 1.85). Students who had completed over 100 hours of volunteer work were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had volunteered less than 100 hours (odds ratio, 2.04). Owing to their “responsibility” as a doctor, 36% of medical students answered that they would enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high fatality rate. However, 64% answered they would not enter because of “inefficiency.” For the medical students it is still a question ‘To enter or not to enter?’ PMID:25112443

Hong, Hyung Sun; Heo, Won Young

2014-01-01

67

Differentiating between the effect of rapid dietary acculturation and the effect of living away from home for the first time, on the diets of Greek students studying in Glasgow.  

PubMed

The diets of University students, particularly those living away from the family home, are characterised by a number of undesirable practices such as meal skipping, frequent snacking and low intakes of fruits and vegetables. This study aimed to identify the extent to which the previously reported negative changes in the eating habits of Greek students living in Glasgow were the result of rapid dietary acculturation (the 'Glasgow effect'), and the extent to which these changes were the result of living away from the family home for the first time. Using a self-administered questionnaire, we assessed the diets before and after commencing university of Greek students living in the family home (n=43) or away from home either in Greece (n=37) or in Glasgow (n=55). No significant changes were observed in the diets of students who continued to live at home after starting university. Significant changes observed only in the students living in Glasgow were decreases in consumption frequency of fresh fruits, meat and cheese, and increases in consumption of snack foods. These changes were attributed to rapid dietary acculturation. Young Greek adults faced difficulties in maintaining a traditional Mediterranean diet after leaving the family home, particularly after moving to a Northern European environment. PMID:17997195

Kremmyda, Lefkothea-Stella; Papadaki, Angeliki; Hondros, George; Kapsokefalou, Maria; Scott, Jane A

2008-01-01

68

Passport Scanning: User Notes Version 0.3 A. Entering the Passport Number for the Student  

E-print Network

Passport Scanning: User Notes ­ Version 0.3 A. Entering the Passport their passport details as part of the application process. However, for the time's passport. This is how to enter the passport details

Sussex, University of

69

Stress and Coping with a Professional Challenge in Entering Masters of Social Work Students: The Role of Self?Compassion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the role of religiosity, spirituality, and self?compassion in responding to a professional stressor among first year masters of social work students. A total of 66 entering students from two masters of social work programs in the western United States participated in a paper?pencil survey. While religiosity and spirituality did not influence the stress and coping process, self?compassion

Meekyung Han

2009-01-01

70

Special Education Minor The Minor in Special Education is intended for students who plan to enter a graduate  

E-print Network

Special Education Minor The Minor in Special Education is intended for students who plan to enter a graduate teacher education program and be licensed to teach Special Education. While the minor is not a requirement for admission to the PSU Graduate School of Education, Special Education Program (SPED), it does

71

AN ANALYSIS OF THE RECORDS OF STUDENTS ENTERING EL CAMINO COLLEGE ON PROBATION FROM OTHER INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BETWEEN 1959 AND 1963, 351 TRANSFER STUDENTS ENTERING EL CAMINO COLLEGE WERE IN A PROBATIONARY STATUS BECAUSE OF UNSATISFACTORY GRADES EARNED AT THEIR PREVIOUS INSTITUTIONS. OF THIS GROUP, 55 PERCENT WERE LATER SUCCESSFUL (REMOVED THEMSELVES FROM PROBATIONARY STATUS). MORE THAN 70 PERCENT OF THOSE TRANSFERRING FROM 4-YEAR INSTITUTIONS AND 33…

MUCK, STEVEN J.; UNDEM, JAN

72

Graduate Short Film Competition Guidelines The Graduate Recruitment team invite current graduate students to enter short films of no  

E-print Network

Graduate Short Film Competition Guidelines The Graduate Recruitment team invite current graduate students to enter short films of no longer than 5 minutes to promote graduate study at Oxford. The films Entrants are free to submit films on any topic related to graduate study at Oxford, although the following

Oxford, University of

73

The Emotional Experience of First-time Teaching: Reflections from Graduate Instructors, 1997-2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching for the first time can be a challenging but rewarding experience. For first-time graduate student instructors, however, it also officially marks the transition from student to teacher--a process that can be both transformational and emotion-laden. In this article, we use content analysis of 86 first-time sociology graduate student…

Meanwell, Emily; Kleiner, Sibyl

2014-01-01

74

An Examination of Assessment Scores between Students Who Attend Public Schools and Students Who Were Homeschooled Prior to Entering a Virtual Charter School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual charter schools, emerging in the 1990s, are a recent development in the education field and reflect today's technology-oriented society. This study examined existing data to evaluate what, if any, difference existed between students who attended public school and those who were homeschooled prior to entering the virtual charter school. …

Wilson, Catherine

2010-01-01

75

The University of Winnipeg has a variety of financial assistance for all students entering the University for the first time. Some of the awards are automatically given to students based on  

E-print Network

amount? $ __________ X 8 = ____________ Do you have a part-time or full-time job? If yes, what is your award will have its own specific criteria so make sure to read the award descriptions carefully loan for Fall/Winter 2015-16? o Yes o No If Yes, what is the amount of the line-of- credit or loan

Martin, Jeff

76

Fall 1975 Entering Students in Spring 1976; A Comparison of Continuing and Non-Continuing Students at the Beginning of Their Second Semester. Student Flow Project, Report No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a longitudinal study examining student progress through the Hawaii community colleges, this study examines the characteristics of 8,979 students who entered the community colleges in fall 1975 and compares the student profiles of the 6,503 who enrolled in spring 1976 with the 2,476 who discontinued their enrollment. The study is based…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

77

Breast Cancer Screening Knowledge and Skills of Students upon Entering and Exiting a Medical School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compared the breast cancer screening knowledge of 27 medical students in first and fourth years. In the fourth year additional questions were asked about training and training needs. Although students performed significantly better on knowledge-based questions in the fourth year, considerable room for improvement remained. Most students…

Kann, P. Elizabeth; Lane, Dorothy S.

1998-01-01

78

Developing Peer Mentoring Support for TAFE Students Entering 1Year University Early Childhood Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

At Queensland University of Technology (QUT, Australia), in the Bachelor of Education (BEd) (Early Childhood) (EC), Technical and Further Education (TAFE) students with a diploma enroll with advanced standing (1 year’s credit). These students share many challenges faced by 1st-year university students—workload, technology, academic orientation, and application. They also experience feelings of isolation and uncertainty in dealing with the “university

Ann Heirdsfield; Sue Walker; Kerryann Walsh

2005-01-01

79

Enticing Students to Enter into Undergraduate Research: The Instrumentality of an Undergraduate Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To encourage students to seek research opportunities with campus faculty, one large university in the Southeast created a course entitled Science for All. A major goal of the course was to encourage students to work directly with faculty on research projects of their interest. Overall, the findings show that some of the participants began to…

Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.; Johnson, Melissa L.

2010-01-01

80

Graduation Rates for Athletes and Other Students Who Entered College in 1992-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents data on 1991-92 and 1992-93 graduation rates for athletes and other students at 607 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and II institutions. Data include percentages graduating in the following categories: total student population; all athletes; white male athletes; black male athletes; white female athletes; and black…

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1999

1999-01-01

81

Musical Identities in Transition: Solo-Piano Students' Accounts of Entering the Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the identity work of adult instrumental students negotiating their entry to a prestigious music academy and the professional field of music. Ten classical solo-piano students' accounts of their musical histories and experiences were collected through research interviews. The thematic analyses presented…

Juuti, Sini; Littleton, Karen

2010-01-01

82

Dear Friends, As we enter Homecoming weekend with many activities for current students, alumni and the  

E-print Network

­ the language of the University-bound. When job shadow day rolled around, I took C.L. on a campus tour we can all play in our life and the lives of others if we choose. Professor Jones made a choice to get involved and be of service. That choice led her to our incoming student. Roselyn Anderson makes

83

Does the Rising Cost of Tuition Affect the Socio-Economic Status of Students Entering University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As tuition fees increase, universities need to be concerned whether costs have risen to a point where students from low-income families are being disproportionately excluded. Given the rates of increases in tuition fees in recent times, this outcome seems plausible and is often the opening point of discussions on this matter (see for example, the…

Kelly, Wayne; Shale, Doug

2004-01-01

84

The Value of Active Learning Before they enter school, many students are already  

E-print Network

with educational video games and PC-based learning applications. They arrive in the classroom expect- ing learning shows that active engagement and educational video games are valuable for student learning. According to the Federation of American Scientists, "The success of com- plex video games demonstrates that games can teach

Chaudhuri, Surajit

85

Suggestions for Screening Entering Kindergarten Students To Assist in the Identification of Possibly Gifted Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is designed for New York parents and school personnel charged with administering the screening instruments for incoming kindergarten students to determine possible giftedness. It begins by explaining Article 65 of New York's Compulsory Education and School Census Law, Section 3208, which requires that parents be notified if their…

Cline, Starr

86

Abdullah's Blogging: A Generation 1.5 Student Enters the Blogosphere  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blogging has emerged as one of the most popular forms of online discourse. The ease and lack of expense in setting up blogs has raised intriguing possibilities for language learning classrooms. The unique nature of their architecture and their low cost have not only affected how students can publish and distribute their work to a wider audience…

Bloch, Joel

2007-01-01

87

A Case Study of Students Entering an Early College High School: Changes in Academic Behavior Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to learn more about the transition experiences of one group of high school students (N = 75) as they began attending one alternative pathway: an Early College High School program on a community college campus. A four-part conceptual framework of college readiness provided a structure from which to explore the…

Healy, James J.

2009-01-01

88

Course requirements for the Master's degree (effective for students entering in Fall 2012)  

E-print Network

units 2. PLP201A, Advanced Plant Pathology ­ winter, 3 units 3. PLP210, Host/Parasite Interactions students must complete the following course requirements: 1. Introductory Plant Pathology 120 ­ fall, 4 ­ winter, 4 units 4. PLP202B, Epidemiology and disease control ­ winter, 3 units [offered every other year

Ferrara, Katherine W.

89

Entering the World of Work: A Curriculum for Two-Year Technical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that students in two-year technical programs need courses that train them in job and job-hunting skills. The transition from school to work can be difficult, and a job-skills class can prepare them for some of the changes inherent in the process. Itemizes job search strategies. (NB)

McClung, Xavier V.

2002-01-01

90

Statistical Methods for Protecting Personally Identifiable Information in the Disclosure of Graduation Rates of First-Time, Full-Time Degree- or Certificate-Seeking Undergraduate Students by 2-Year Degree-Granting Institutions of Higher Education. Technical Brief. NCES 2012-151  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 (HEOA) requires that Title IV degree-granting institutions disclose annually the graduation rates of first-time, full-time degree- or certificate-seeking undergraduate students, disaggregated by gender, each major racial/ethnic subgroup, and receipt or non-receipt of a federal Pell grant or subsidized…

Chen, Xianglei; Bersudskaya, Vera; Cubarrubi, Archie

2011-01-01

91

Perceived Stress Scores among Saudi Students Entering Universities: A Prospective Study during the First Year of University Life  

PubMed Central

In this prospective study we wanted to determine whether perceived stress over time among students in the Preparatory Year of King Saud University (KSU) predisposes them to cardiometabolic abnormalities. A total of 110 apparently healthy Saudi students (35 men and 75 women enrolled during the 2010?2011 academic year) were included. Perceived stress was determined at baseline and 1 year later. Anthropometrics were obtained and morning fasting serum glucose, lipid profile and cortisol were measured at both times. Perceived stress was noted among 48.2% of subjects at baseline and was not significantly different after follow-up, with 45.4% scoring high. In men, the prevalence of perceived stress was 48.6% at baseline (13 out of 35) and 37.1% at follow-up (13 out of 35), while in women it was 48% at baseline and 49.3% at follow-up. Interestingly, significant improvements in the blood pressure and lipid profiles, with the exception of HDL-cholesterol, were observed in both men and women, while fasting glucose also improved in women. Serum cortisol was inversely associated to fasting glucose, and total- and LDL-cholesterol (p-values 0.007, 0.04 and 0.04, respectively). These data are opposite to findings in students entering Western universities, in whom increasing stress and a deteriorating cardiometabolic profile have been repeatedly noted. Perceived stress and morning cortisol levels among students of the Preparatory Year in KSU remained constant for both genders over time, yet an improved cardiometabolic profile was observed, suggesting good adaptation among our pre-college students in their first year of university life. PMID:24727357

Al-Daghri, Nasser M.; Al-Othman, Abdulaziz; Albanyan, Abdulmajeed; Al-Attas, Omar S.; Alokail, Majed S.; Sabico, Shaun; Chrousos, George P.

2014-01-01

92

Fall 1975 Entering Students Not Continuing in the Same Community College in Fall 1977. Student Flow Project, Report No. 33.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was conducted in fall 1977, among 857 non-continuing students who had continuously enrolled in one of Hawaii's seven community colleges between fall 1975 and spring 1977 but had not returned for the fall 1977 semester, in order to obtain information regarding their activities and educational plans, reasons for non-continuance, and…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

93

The Diagnostic Questionnaire Was Fast and Rough, But It Was Also Good Enough: We Can Identify Potential Dropouts from among Freshmen Entering California Community Colleges: Here for the First Time Is a Close Look at the Most Important NorCal Potential Dropout Diagnostic Questionnaire Items and Their Respective Simplified Response Weightings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the Northern California (NorCal) Cooperative Research Project on Student Attrition, which was conducted between 1968 and 1970, provides detailed information on how to use the findings of the study to identify those students who are most likely to drop out of college during their first term. Chapter I provides background information…

Kester, Donald L.

94

An Evaluation of the Right Choices Program to Determine Effectiveness in Delivering Constructive Interventions and Providing an Early Support Program in Order to Modify Behavior of First-Time Student Offenders Who Commit Drug and Violent Acts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to perform a program evaluation of the Right Choices Program to determine the program's effectiveness in delivering constructive interventions that modify student behavior once students have left the program and have returned to their regular learning environment. This mixed-method evaluation consisted of an…

Barnes, Lisa B.

2010-01-01

95

Teaching Physics for the First Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to be a quick and easy resource for anyone teaching physics for the first time. Written after extensive research, this book is filled with reliable labs, demos and activities that work well in the classroom. Also included are lesson plans, diagrams, and teacher notes for every activity. The book is not the end--it is just a…

Mader, Jan; Winn, Mary

2008-01-01

96

Injury Risk in First-Time Snowboarders Versus First-Time Skiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1994 and 1996 we studied injury patterns in more than 22,000 first-time snowboarders and first-time skiers to determine the comparative injury risk of these two popular sports coexisting in winter resort areas. The first-time participants included in this study had no previous experience in their activity of choice and enrolled in Learn to Snowboard and Learn to Ski programs

Daniel Fulham ONeill; Mark R. McGlone

1999-01-01

97

ADVANCED STANDING ACTIVATION FORM To be filed in the office of the Allston Burr Resident Dean during the third term before the student intends to graduate or enter  

E-print Network

during the third term before the student intends to graduate or enter the master's program. Instructions ADVANCED STANDING IN ORDER TO (Check wherever applicable) Graduate in fewer than eight terms from Portal) Total: 4.0 credits (or 4.5 if counting an odd number of 0.5 credits) I understand that if I

Loncar, Marko

98

Detainees arrested for the first time in French police stations.  

PubMed

The psychological impact of incarceration vary from individual to individual and most people first entering prison experience severe stress. Our objective was to describe the characteristics of detainees arrested for the first time and who had medical examination during custody. The study sample included 200 detainees arrested for the first time in 2012 and examined for the second time before May 31, 2013, 200 detainees arrested for the first time in 2012 and who had not a second examination by May 31, 2013, and a control group of 200 individuals who had been arrested before. Collected data related to persons' characteristics, the course of detention, alleged assaults and traumatic injuries. In our sample, victimization was the most frequent motivation for requesting a medical examination and affected 31-46% of patients who requested the examination. The medical examination was less frequently requested by the detainee at the first detention than at subsequent detentions (35% and 31% vs. 51%, P < 0.001). Unremarkable psychic states were found in most cases in all groups. Detainees expressed a good or very good opinion on custody in 40-51% of cases. In 75-89% of cases, detainees were considered to be unconditionally fit for detention. The present findings suggest only minor differences between clinical features of individuals arrested for the first time and their clinical status when they were arrested for the second time. The systematic collection of more detailed description of the detainees' psychic state could be relevant at the time of medical examinations in police cells. PMID:25735776

Vincent, Renaud; Beaufrère, Aurélie; Chariot, Patrick

2015-04-01

99

Programs for First-Year Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article and descriptions of programs for first-year college students are presented. In "As Freshmen First," John Orr Dwyer recounts the history of the word "freshman" and outlines some of the characteristics of the 1980s first-year student. Recognizing the problems that face students entering college for the first time, he asks why there is no…

Brown, Peggy, Ed.

1981-01-01

100

Weaving a Bridge of Sense: Students' Narrative Constructions as a Lens for Understanding Students' Coping with the Gap between Expectancies and Experiences When Entering Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows how the application of narrative methodology brings new insights into understanding students' choices and their experiences upon entering a higher education programme. The point of departure is a study of a cohort of 38 students followed over a three-year period from when they were about to finish upper-secondary school in…

Ulriksen, Lars; Holmegaard, Henriette Tolstrup; Moller, Lene

2013-01-01

101

First Year Student Expectations: Results from a University-Wide Student Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much has been written on the first-year experience of students at higher education institutions, less attention has been directed to the expectations of students when they enter an institution for the first time. This paper provides additional insights into the expectations of students at an Australian university and highlights areas in…

Crisp, Geoffrey; Palmer, Edward; Turnbull, Deborah; Nettelbeck, Ted; Ward, Lynn; LeCouteur, Amanda; Sarris, Aspa; Strelan, Peter; Schneider, Luke

2009-01-01

102

Radiation enteritis  

MedlinePLUS

Radiation enteropathy; Radiation-induced small bowel injury; Post-radiation enteritis ... Radiation therapy uses high-powered x-rays, particles, or radioactive seeds to kill cancer cells. The therapy ...

103

Direct versus Delayed Entry of High School Students into Miami-Dade Community College. Research Report No. 82-28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1982, a study of direct-entry students (i.e., those who entered college within a year of high school graduation) and delayed-entry students (i.e., those who entered college at least 1 year after graduation) was conducted at Miami-Dade County College (MDCC). Focusing on first-time in college students entering MDCC in the fall and winter terms of…

Morris, Cathy

104

Risky Business I. Entering Capital Markets for the First Time. Panel I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five panelists discuss how small businesses can acquire seed capital by considering venture; capital's role in the financing of business start-ups, using local banks as sources of advice and community support as well as funds for new entrepreneurs in rural areas, and investigating states' roles in supporting new ventures. (NEC)

Appalachia, 1986

1986-01-01

105

A Study on Body Mass Index, Blood Pressure, and Red Blood Cell Indices in New Entering Students of the University of Isfahan  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Obesity and increased blood pressure are identified as risk factors for cardiac and pulmonary disorders. On the other hand, iron deficiency (another preventable disease) is common in adolescence and considered as associated with health impairment. The present study evaluates body mass index (BMI) and its association with blood pressure and hematological indices in freshman students entering the University of Isfahan in 2009. Methods: All the 1675 students who entered the University of Isfahan in September 2009 were examined. Height, weight, BMI, blood pressure, hemoglobin (Hb) and red blood cell (RBC) indices of these students were measured. The prevalence of high blood pressure, its association with BMI and the relation between BMI and anemia, iron deficiency and educational achievement were assessed. Results: All participants, including 514 males and 1161 females, went under clinical observations. The average age was 20.7 ± 3.8. year Among the students, 18.2% of males and 20% of females were underweight. High systolic blood pressure was more common in the students with BMI > 25 kg/m2 (p < 0.001). Anemia was seen in 8.7% of females. In males, however, a relation between anemia frequency and BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 was more distinct (p = 0.002). There was no association between anemia and students’ average test scores. Conclusions: High incidence of abnormal BMI in the study population, and its association with systolic blood pressure indicate the importance of nutritional guidelines and counseling programs for freshman students. On the other hand, high incidence of anemia in this population ascertains the necessity of anemia screening programs before academic studies. PMID:22174970

Moafi, Alireza; Rahgozar, Soheila; Ghias, Majid; ahar, Elham Vahdat; Borumand, Amirbahador; Sabbaghi, Amirhosein; Sameti, Amirabass; Hashemi, Mostafa

2011-01-01

106

Research and Teaching: Enticing Students to Enter Into Undergraduate Research--The Instrumentality of an Undergraduate Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To encourage students to seek research opportunities with campus faculty, one large university in the Southeast created a course entitled Science for All. A major goal of the course was to encourage students to work directly with faculty on research proje

Linda S. Behar-Horenstein

2010-01-01

107

Supporting All Students to Graduate from School with the Requirements for Entering College: Learning from the ENLACE Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research makes it clear that the critical factor in whether a student succeeds in college is the "quality and intensity" of the curriculum he or she takes in high school. For many Latino students, access to a high-quality, rigorous K-12 curriculum is limited. In those states where there was an existing movement to align the local P-16 educational…

W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2007

2007-01-01

108

Chances of Success in and Engagement with Mathematics for Students Who Enter University with a Weak Mathematics Background  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of Australian students elect not to undertake studies in mathematical methods in the final years of their secondary schooling. Some higher education providers now offer pathways for these students to pursue mathematics studies up to a major specialization within the bachelor of science programme. This article analyses the…

Varsavsky, Cristina

2010-01-01

109

Influences on the Decision to Enter Higher Education in Cyprus: A Comparison of Students' and Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the main influences on the decision of secondary school graduates to select higher education over labour-market entry. It reports the views of prospective higher education students and secondary school teachers regarding the main influences on the students' intention to pursue higher studies. Survey research was used to…

Menon, Maria Eliophotou

2010-01-01

110

Infectious enteritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Initial management of acute infectious enteritis should focus on fluid and electrolyte repletion and symptomatic care.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a A decision to prescribe empiric antibiotic therapy should rest on clinical or epidemiologic features of the illness that suggest\\u000a a treatable bacterial origin or a high-risk host. This decision should be reinforced by the detection of leukocytes or blood\\u000a in

Clark R. Gregg; Naiel N. Nassar

1999-01-01

111

Can College Actions Improve the Academic Achievement of At-Risk Minority Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined factors affecting academic achievement of at-risk minority students to evaluate intervention strategies designed to assist such students. Data were obtained on 2,386 first-time college students entering Prince George's Community College (Maryland) in fall 1990. Factor analysis identified 10 variables that explained a…

Clagett, Craig A.

112

Dear Parents and Guardians of the 2011 Entering Class of Black Students: It is with sincere pleasure the staff of the Office of African-American Affairs (OAAA) and I welcome you to  

E-print Network

Dear Parents and Guardians of the 2011 Entering Class of Black Students: It is with sincere of Virginia. We are excited you and your students are now a part of our wonderful community and look forward describing each. You can also log on to our website at www.virginia.edu/oaaa to learn more about us! One

Acton, Scott

113

The Application and Evaluation of a Two-Concept Diagnostic Instrument with Students Entering College General Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Particulate Nature of Matter and Chemical Bonding Diagnostic Instrument (Othman J., Treagust D. F. and Chandrasegaran A. L., (2008), "Int. J. Sci. Educ.," 30(11), 1531-1550) is used to investigate college students' understanding of two chemistry concepts: particulate nature of matter and chemical bonding. The instrument, originally developed…

Heredia, Keily; Xu, Xiaoying; Lewis, Jennifer E.

2012-01-01

114

Assessing the Quality of Student Thinking Directly: An Exploratory Study of Two Cohorts Entering Engineering Education in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the findings of an exploratory investigation involving the direct assessment of the quality of abstract thinking of two cohorts of South African university entrants who had very good school leaving qualifications. The investigation was prompted by the observation of difficulties these students seemed to have had in a first…

Woollacott, L.; Snell, D.

2012-01-01

115

DSP Scholarship (Dean's Scholarship) Awarded to entering 1st year student dentists based on prior academic qualifications, the Dental Admissions  

E-print Network

academic qualifications, the Dental Admissions Test (DAT) scores, and the personal interview, as decided year student dentist who demonstrates outstanding achievement and participation in dental school organizations and activities throughout dental school. Dr. Donald T. Anderson Memorial Scholarship Awarded to 4

Hayes, Jane E.

116

The Effects of Race and Gender on the Satisfaction Levels of Entering and Advanced Level Doctoral Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Doctoral education is an aspect of higher education that can be both rewarding and challenging for anyone who attempts the journey. Thelin (2004) stated many graduate students obtain the necessary skills that their individual fields of study require in their master's and doctoral programs of study. Levine (2005), however, has found that the…

Labon, Tiffany Nicole

2013-01-01

117

Lupus Enteritis  

PubMed Central

We report the case of a 25-year-old Iraqi woman who had multiple hospitalizations at an outside hospital for abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea without any evidence of systemic lupus erythematosus. Laboratory investigations finally showed a positive antinuclear antibody (1280), positive anti-dsDNA, anti-?2 glycoprotein I, low complement, positive Coombs tests, and leukopenia. A kidney biopsy showed ISN class II lupus nephritis. An ileal biopsy and angiogram were unremarkable. A computed tomography showed marked and dramatic bowel edema involving the small and large bowel (“target sign”), dilatation of intestinal segments, engorgement of mesenteric vessels (“comb sign”), and increased attenuation of mesenteric fat. These cardinal signs on computed tomography scan led to the correct diagnosis of lupus enteritis. Treatment was commenced with high-dose corticosteroids followed by mycophenolate mofetil, hydroxychloroquine, and then oral cyclophosphamide, but failed. The patient was eventually treated with the Euro-Lupus intravenous cyclophosphamide regimen, which resulted in significant clinical and radiological resolution. PMID:23364660

Smith, Lanaya Williams; Petri, Michelle

2015-01-01

118

Early Identification of Students Predicted to Enroll in Advanced, Upper-Level High School Courses: An Examination of Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Broward County Public Schools' Research Services department uses logistic regression analysis to compute an indicator to predict student enrollment in advanced high school courses, for students entering ninth grade for the first time. This prediction indicator, along with other student characteristics, supports high school guidance staffs in…

DeRose, Diego S.; Clement, Russell W.

2011-01-01

119

First-Time Usability Testing for Bluetooth-Enabled Devices  

E-print Network

First-Time Usability Testing for Bluetooth-Enabled Devices Jim Juola and Drew Voegele ITTC-FY2005Report The University of Kansas #12;First-time Usability Testing for Bluetooth-enabled Devices Page 2 of 18 Abstract We devices using Bluetooth wireless technology. Although the subjects were generally unfamiliar with both

Kansas, University of

120

The Impact of Overassignment on Grade Point Averages of First-Time Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data show that the first-time freshmen, who were overassigned in residence halls, did no worse than other students concerning grade point average. The peer pressure may have been a motivating force. There was no male/female difference. Data also show no difference in environment perception. (LPG)

Desler, Mary; North, Gary

1978-01-01

121

Migration of Undergraduate First-Time Transfers: Snapshot Analysis 2006-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commission on Higher Education had a student intern from USC-Columbia initiate an analysis of data on the migration of undergraduate first-time transfers to compare trends, growth, and proportions of transfers to and from various sectors and institution types over a three-year period, from 2006-2008. Staff have refined the analysis and…

South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2010

2010-01-01

122

Undergraduate Persistence and Rates of Graduation: A Cohort Analysis of First-Time in College Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report summarizes a study of the six-year graduation rates of first-time college-degree-seeking undergraduates at Nova Southeastern University (NSU) (Florida). The purpose of the study was to (1) develop research methods that would be in compliance with the Student Right-to-Know Act (SRK), and to further investigate the composition of…

Atherton, Blair

123

Characteristics of Adult Students Transitioning to a Traditional University and Perceptions of Student Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited research is devoted to the transitional process of adult students to the traditional university environment. Considering the incredible numbers of adults projected to return to higher education and/or entering a college or university program for the first time, it behooves institutions of higher learning to invest in the success of adult…

Rollins, Dani J.

2012-01-01

124

Women and Sexuality: The Myth of the First Time  

MedlinePLUS

... control. It got me thinking about the sexual myths perpetuated about the first sexual experience, the first ... films and talk among friends, we encounter the myth of the first time being wonderful. The first ...

125

EE Curriculum For students entering  

E-print Network

&M Circuits I PHYS155 Engineering Design GE121 Science Elective E&M Circuits II EE201 Analog Electronics EE221 Machines II EE444 Power Systems II EE441 Electronic Devices EE372 Choose 3 DSP I EE362 Electric Machines I Passive AC Circuits EE212 Digital Electronics EE232 Modelling & Networks EE214 Differential Equations MATH

Saskatchewan, University of

126

First-time viewers' comprehension of films: bridging shot transitions.  

PubMed

Which perceptual and cognitive prerequisites must be met in order to be able to comprehend a film is still unresolved and a controversial issue. In order to gain some insights into this issue, our field experiment investigates how first-time adult viewers extract and integrate meaningful information across film cuts. Three major types of commonalities between adjacent shots were differentiated, which may help first-time viewers with bridging the shots: pictorial, causal, and conceptual. Twenty first-time, 20 low-experienced and 20 high-experienced viewers from Turkey were shown a set of short film clips containing these three kinds of commonalities. Film clips conformed also to the principles of continuity editing. Analyses of viewers' spontaneous interpretations show that first-time viewers indeed are able to notice basic pictorial (object identity), causal (chains of activity), as well as conceptual (links between gaze direction and object attention) commonalities between shots due to their close relationship with everyday perception and cognition. However, first-time viewers' comprehension of the commonalities is to a large degree fragile, indicating the lack of a basic notion of what constitutes a film. PMID:24654735

Ildirar, Sermin; Schwan, Stephan

2015-02-01

127

First-time fathers and stressors in the postpartum period.  

PubMed

The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the everyday stressors of first-time fathers during the postpartum period and to begin the process of establishing reliability and validity for the use of the Everyday Stressors Index with a sample of first-time fathers. A convenience sample of 19 participants included first-time fathers ranging in age from 18 to 45 years and mostly living in medium-sized cities. The results indicated that factors such as a feeling of not having enough time for too many responsibilities, financial issues, and concerns about the health of the child and other family member(s) were sources of stress. However, with the exception of slight differences in the ranking, everyday stressors among first-time fathers closely resembled previously reported stressors of first-time mothers. Although the sample was small and the results nongeneralizable, these findings suggest that educational efforts by health-care professionals could beneficially be directed toward fathers as well as mothers throughout the prenatal and postpartum periods. Policy implications for nursing and new directions for future research are discussed. PMID:17273429

Pollock, Melissa Amanti; Amankwaa, Linda C; Amankwaa, Adansi A

2005-01-01

128

XMM telescope goes on show for the first time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After years of little-publicized effort in various parts of Europe, one of the finished XMM telescopes is presented for the first time to the press and other visitors during a press briefing on 22 May at the Centre Spatial de LiŠge (CSL) in Belgium. As the telescope is a flight model due to go into space, the inspection is hands-off, through a clean-room window. But visitors can see the multi-mirror module looking like a log of wood 70 centimetres wide and 60 centimetres long. In cross-section the nesting mirrors make concentric rings resembling the rings of annual growth in a tree --except that there are narrow gaps between the mirrors, to let in the X- rays. Galileo and Newton would not recognize the XMM module as a telescope, but they never had to focus X-rays, which ignore lenses and ordinary mirrors. The German physicist Hans Wolter invented a near-cylindrical mirror that narrows in a geometric fashion, first along a parabola and then a hyperbola. Some of the X-rays entering through the wider end are twice reflected from the interior wall at grazing angles, and go to a focus. When Wolter's concept went into telescopes for X-ray astronomy, most of the X-rays simply missed the mirror, so that any signal was weak. The remedy was to fill the interior with smaller concentric mirrors, to catch more of the X-rays. In practice, that meant either a few mirrors, fashioned and aligned with care to achieve a high resolving power, or many cruder mirrors which sacrificed optical sharpness for the sake of sensitivity. The XMM telescopes are the first to achieve both sharpness and sensitivity, thanks to innovations by European industry made possible by XMM's status as a Cornerstone Mission in ESA's science programme. Carl Zeiss in Germany provided mandrels (moulds) of 58 sizes, all carefully polished to the required paraboloidal-hyperboloidal shape. Media Lario in Italy made the reflective surface by depositing gold on the mandrel under vacuum, and then backed it with nickel formed in an electrochemical bath. As each finished mirror was only about a millimetre thick, the Medio Lario team had to handle it with great care to avoid flexing, until it was glued into position among all the other mirrors, between wheel-like "spiders" fabricated by APCO in Switzerland. If the telescope is correctly made, all X-rays coming from a certain direction, and entering any part of any of the mirrors, should go to the same focus. The specification requires that any spread at the focus should be less than a millimetre. The optical quality is tested first in a special apparatus at LiŠge called FOCAL X, and then at the Panter X-ray facility at Neuried in Germany. "We take pride and satisfaction in helping to develop such remarkable telescopes," says Claude Jamar, director of CSL. "While others pioneered the methods of fabrication, here in LiŠge we had to invent novel ways of checking the performance. We use a wide beam of very short ultraviolet wavelengths to simulate X-rays, and verify the focus of each part of each XMM telescope." About the Centre Spatial de Liège As a laboratory unique in western Europe, CSL is run by the Université de Liège as one of ESA's coordinated test facilities.Optical instruments for space missions can be checked with high accuracy, under a high vacuum that simulates the airless conditions in space. ESA relies upon CSL for testing important optical components for many spacecraft. The long list includes the radiometer of the Meteosat weather satellite, the camera for Giotto which obtained unique pictures of Halley's Comet, and the telescopes of the Hipparcos star-fixing mission and the Infrared Space Observatory ISO. CSL was an early recruit to the Europe-wide teams of scientists and engineers who are creating the XMM spacecraft and its instruments. Other optical devices currently under evaluation by CSL include the experimental laser system SILEX for communication between satellites, and the ozone-monitoring GOMOS instrument for ESA's environmental satellite Envisat. Media representatives

1997-05-01

129

INTERNSHIPS AND OCCUPATIONAL SOCIALIZATION: WHAT ARE STUDENTS LEARNING?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internships provide rich environments where students can learn about their future careers by way of occupational socialization. Entering a career for the first time, however, can be a delicate matter. As active agents in their own socialization, interns have a lot at stake. So too, do the organizations and institutions of higher learning that sponsor them. Because of these interests,

Amy McManus; Andrew Hale Feinstein

2008-01-01

130

Responding Globally to the Online Learning Needs of Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of my proposal is to present a comprehensive look at the specific needs of military students who are actively deployed globally, and who are entering the "virtual classroom" for the first time. Additionally, I have drawn upon my own experiences as an educator of more than 15 years, as well as someone who has developed course curriculum…

Bricker, Suzane L.

2012-01-01

131

Health and safety intervention with first-time mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A health education program was evaluated which used child development specialists as home visitors and served a population of first- time mothers living in rural communities. The evaluation compared health and safety out- comes between intervention and control groups. The research staff, separate from the interven- tion staff, collected data in the homes of 156 intervention and 107 control mothers

Anne McDonald Culp; R. E. Culp; J. W. Anderson; S. Carter

2007-01-01

132

Health and Safety Intervention with First-Time Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A health education program was evaluated which used child development specialists as home visitors and served a population of first-time mothers living in rural communities. The evaluation compared health and safety outcomes between intervention and control groups. The research staff, separate from the intervention staff, collected data in the…

Culp, Anne McDonald; Culp, R. E.; Anderson, J. W.; Carter, S.

2007-01-01

133

Turnover of First-Time Chairs in Departments of Psychiatry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors examine the tenure of first-time Chairs in academic departments of psychiatry in order to stimulate discussion on extant workforce and leadership issues. Method: Data on tenure of Chairs in psychiatry and other nonsurgical specialties were derived from the longitudinal database of the Association of American Medical Colleges…

Buckley, Peter F.; Rayburn, William F.

2011-01-01

134

Special Counseling Study, Fall, 1978, Entering Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At Reedley College, those students who enter with less than a 2.0 grade point average (GPA) and those without a high school diploma are intended to be identified as "Special Counseling" students and to receive intensive counseling coverage. The files, transcripts, and permits to register of 99 such students were examined after fall semester 1978…

Clark, Robert M.

135

Student Retention and Graduation at the City University of New York: Fall 1970 to Spring 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document concerns the retention and graduation of students at the City University of New York. Major attention is devoted to those who entered the senior and community colleges of CUNY as first-time freshmen in September 1970. This group was the first to enroll in the university under the open admissions policy. This report includes the group…

Kaufman, Barry; Botwinick, Rena

136

A Student Outcomes Typology for Community Colleges: Identifying Achievers with Longitudinal Cohort Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted by Prince George's Community College, in Maryland, to determine outcomes after 4 years for the 2,643 first-time students who entered the college in fall 1990. The analysis was based on an outcomes typology developed at the college which defines outcomes as award and transfer; transfer without an award; award without transfer;…

Boughan, Karl; Clagett, Craig A.

137

Enteric viruses of poultry  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Despite the economic importance of the poultry gut, very little is known about the complex gut microbial community. Enteric disease syndromes such as Runting-Stunting Syndrome (RSS) in broiler chickens and Poult Enteritis Complex (PEC) in young turkeys are difficult to characterize and reproduce in ...

138

Chronic Radiation Enteritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic radiation enteritis is an increasing problem, as more patients receive radiotherapy as part of their cancer therapy and as the long-term survival of these patients improves. This review addresses the causes, investigation, treatment and prevention of this disease. A review of published studies was carried out using a variety of search terms, including radiation enteritis, investigation, treatment and prevention.

V. S. Theis; R. Sripadam; V. Ramani; S. Lal

2010-01-01

139

Enteral access in adults.  

PubMed

Enteral feeding is widely used for hospitalized patients but is also used for ambulatory persons living at home or in home care settings. Aside from decisions that must be made about appropriate nutrient delivery, choices related to which type of enteral access will be used and the procedures for enteral access surveillance are extremely important. In this paper we review the various techniques for establishment of enteral access in adult patients. Prevention and treatment of potential complications are detailed. The use of protocols that are written by a multidisciplinary nutrition team is mandatory. It is also of vital importance to discuss treatment plans with the patient and care givers, to assure appropriate follow-up, and to consider ethical issues related to enteral feeding. PMID:25439396

Toussaint, Emmanuel; Van Gossum, André; Ballarin, Asuncion; Arvanitakis, Marianna

2014-11-13

140

Moving from Outside to Inside: High School Students' Use of Apprenticeships as Vehicles for Entering the Culture and Practice of Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how research apprenticeships shaped high school students' (n=27) views of the culture and practice of science. Finds four dimensions of science--technical language, collaboration, uncertainty, and inquiry--whose salience and complexity increased among student interviewees over a seven-week period. Contains 33 references. (Author/WRM)

Richmond, Gail; Kurth, Lori Ann

1999-01-01

141

Much Ado about €500: Do Tuition Fees Keep German Students from Entering University? Evidence from a Natural Experiment Using DiD Matching Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper estimates the effect of tuition fees on enrolment behaviour among prospective students in Germany. According to the rational choice theory (RCT), we argue that due to the higher costs brought on by such fees tuition fees should have a negative effect on student's enrolment. This should be even more pronounced among prospective…

Baier, Tina; Helbig, Marcel

2014-01-01

142

First time comet observations from National Observatory of Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We performed first time scientific comet observations from Tübitak National Observatory (TUG), Turkey using two telescopes of that facility. In order to test the capabilities of the instruments we performed a long comet monitoring campaign from October 2013 to January 2014. We observed many comets, including but not limited to C/2012 S1 ISON, 154P Brewington, and C/2013 R1 Lovejoy. All comets were monitored for several nights with the Bessel R, V, B filters from the 1 meter (T100) and 1.5 meters (RTT150) telescopes. Additionally, we acquired the first spectroscopic observations of a comet from TUG, using TUG Faint Object Spectrograph (TFOSC with grism between 3230-9120 Å) mounted on RTT150. With these observations, we could assess the quality of TUG instruments for cometary science, and identified a few limitations. We propose some technical improvements for future comet observations. These will open new observational opportunities to Turkish astronomers and a participation to international campaigns on cometary science.

Oklay, N.; Vincent, J.-B.

2014-04-01

143

Coping with theabsurd: a first-time educational researcher's reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning research through doing it oftenleft me feeling confused, but I also experienced a well defined sense of ‘well that's exactly what 1 thought all along’, as I sought to clarify my uncertainties by turning to the literature. This feeling is, according to Schön & Bamberger, a type of historical revisionism where the student attributes insight to the moment when

Mary Andrew

1996-01-01

144

Spring Research Festival Sponsored by NICBR for First Time | Poster  

Cancer.gov

For the past 16 years, the annual Spring Research Festival has been sponsored by NCI at Frederick and Fort Detrick to acquaint fellow researchers, students, and the community at large with the important discoveries being made at this facility to fight cancer, AIDS, and other infectious diseases.

145

Hektoen Enteric Agar Protocol  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hektoen enteric agar is a selective and differential media for the recovery of enteric gram-negative rods from mixed microbiota.  The growth of gram-positive organisms and nonpathogenic enteric coliforms is inhibited through the use of bile salts and dyes, allowing intestinal pathogens, such as Salmonella and Shigella, to be more easily recovered.  The media can also differentiate between organisms that produce H2S and those that do not due to the presence of an iron-containing compound.  The use and interpretation of growth on this media is discussed in this protocol.

American Society For Microbiology

2010-11-11

146

Spillway Entering Missouri River  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The water from the spillway enter the Missouri River. The spillway water is the darker water, which is sediment and the Missouri River is the more clear water. Photo taken by USGS personnel on a Civil Air Patrol flight....

147

ROLES OF PROFESSIONAL SCIENTISTS AND RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS IN THE EDUCATION OF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES PREPARING TO ENTER THE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS WORKFORCE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Scientists at the Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, FL have developed considerable experience in organizing and carrying out science education outreach activities for minority and disabled students. The author was invited to participate in a symposium on the ...

148

Learning and Teaching: Where Does Einstein's Concept of Learning about "Service of Our Fellow Man" Enter into Our Discussions about Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this paper discusses the significance of Albert Einstein's concept of learning about "service of our fellow man" into the discussions about student achievement. Albert Einstein wrote in 1954 of what he considered an evil of modern life--that the "individual feels more than ever dependent on society, but it is not felt in the positive…

Manthey, George

2005-01-01

149

The six STS-115 astro-nauts entered the  

E-print Network

The six STS-115 astro- nauts entered the International Space Station for the first time at 8:30 a the launch pad, heading for its rendezvous with the International Space Station on mission STS-115. Liftoff the flawless launch of Space Shuttle Atlantis on Saturday, Sept. 9. The fuel cut-off sensor system, which

150

Intestinal endocrine cells in radiation enteritis  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the intestinal endocrine cells were investigated in 13 surgical specimens affected by radiation enteritis. Endocrine cells were studied by means of Grimelius' silver staining and immunostaining for chromogranin, a general marker of endocrine cells. Positively stained cells were quantified by counting their number per unit length of muscularis mucosa. Results in radiation enteritis were compared with matched control specimens by using Student's t test. Chromogranin immunostaining showed a statistically significant increase of endocrine cells in radiation enteritis specimens compared with controls both in small and large intestine (ileum, 67.5 +/- 23.5 cells per unit length of muscularis mucosa in radiation enteritis versus 17.0 +/- 6.1 in controls; colon, 40.9 +/- 13.7 cells per unit length of muscularis mucosa in radiation enteritis versus 9.5 +/- 4.1 in controls--p less than 0.005 in both instances). Increase of endocrine cells was demonstrated also by Grimelius' staining; however, without reaching statistical significance. It is not clear whether or not the increase of endocrine cells in radiation enteritis reported in this study is caused by a hyperplastic response or by a sparing phenomenon. We should consider that increased endocrine cells, when abnormally secreting their products, may be involved in some of the clinical features of radiation enteropathy. In addition, as intestinal endocrine cells produce trophic substances to the intestine, their increase could be responsible for the raised risk of developing carcinoma of the intestine in long standing radiation enteritis.

Pietroletti, R.; Blaauwgeers, J.L.; Taat, C.W.; Simi, M.; Brummelkamp, W.H.; Becker, A.E. (Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands))

1989-08-01

151

Future of enteral nutrition.  

PubMed Central

Although there has been agreement that enteral nutrition remains an excellent means of providing nutritional support to malnourished patients with normal or near normal gastrointestinal function, it is clear that areas of controversy do exist, and attention needs to be directed towards these in the future. PMID:3098637

Silk, D B

1986-01-01

152

What Is Enteral Nutrition?  

MedlinePLUS

... or answer specific questions about a particular patient situation Twitter A.S.P.E.N. @ASPENWEB Upcoming Webinars: Temporary Enteral Access Placement Verification in Pediatric Patients: A Continuing Conundrum http://t.co/YcvhjZ2Xb2 Patient Safety Awareness Week is March 8-14. Join us and ...

153

MSU Bozeman First Time Candidates CPA Exam Pass Results Ranking for first-time candidates per National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA)  

E-print Network

MSU ­ Bozeman First Time Candidates CPA Exam Pass Results 1 Ranking for first-time candidates per National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA) "CPA Candidate Performance." Candidates self internally calculated pass rate (e.g., some candidates might inadvertently classify themselves

Maxwell, Bruce D.

154

Transformative Learning and First-Time Managers: How Can HRD Practitioners Help?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to management is one of the most difficult challenges first-time managers face--almost half fail. First-time managers may experience disorienting dilemmas that trigger transformative learning. HRD (human resource development) practitioners can assist in reducing the failure rate of first-time managers when they better understand the…

Roberts, Nella A.; Rocco, Tonette S.

2008-01-01

155

Teaching to learn: Analyzing the experiences of first-time physics learning assistants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Colorado Learning Assistant (LA) Model has demonstrated that it is successful in helping to meet multiple goals including enhancing student learning in LA-supported courses, increasing conceptual understanding of physics among LAs, and improving the teaching practices of former LAs in K-12 schools. The research reported here investigated the experiences of first-time physics LAs taking into account the goals of the program, the learning philosophies implicit in the design of the LA experience, and the learning philosophies embedded in materials used in the physics department's implementation of the LA model. Through interviews and analysis of LAs' written reflections, two generalized models were established. These models represent the views of teaching and learning that undergraduate students generated throughout their first semester serving as LAs in Physics 1110. LAs' views and experiences, and the philosophy that drives the LA model are described as they pertain to a spectrum of views of formative assessment found in the literature. Inferences are made about the importance of the participatory learning model that drives the LA program. Finally, the value of the program for science education more broadly and the dependence of formative assessment sophistication on the teachers' understanding of science will be discussed.

Gray, Kara Elizabeth

156

An Initial Investigation of Integrating Innovation Diffusion Models for Drawing First?time Visitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior studies in the existing tourism literature have frequently emphasized the relatively expensive costs for drawing first?time visitors. These studies, however, have largely failed to explain how to draw first?time visitors to a destination. In other words, little was known regarding what destinations should do to attract first?time visitors in an effective way. To provide more insights, this research investigated

Rob Law

2009-01-01

157

Perceived stress and physio-psycho-social status of nursing students during their initial period of clinical practice: the effect of coping behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial clinical practice is stressful. Nursing students entering clinical practice for the first time in a five-year associate degree program in Taiwan are young and have questionable coping skills, all of which can affect their own health. This study examined the following: (1) the degree of stress perceived and types of stressful events; (2) the physio-psycho-social status of nursing students

Sheila Sheu; Huey-Shyan Lin; Shiow-Li Hwang

2002-01-01

158

Dear Parents of Students Entering Grade Three  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Southington Public School District encourages learning throughout the summer weeks. As such, this letter is being sent home to inform you of our summer reading expectations. In collaboration with the Governor's Reading Challenge, all elementary schools are participating in this joint summer reading program. Please find the grade level reading list on the Southington Public Schools' website. There will

Joseph V. Erardi; Howard J. Thiery

2009-01-01

159

Gen Ed Planning Sheet for Freshmen & Transfer Students Entering in Fall 2013 or Spring 2014 As part of Binghamton University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses in the  

E-print Network

Communication (O) or Joint Composition/Oral Communication (J) C courses emphasize writing as a process requirement for students in the Decker School of Nursing and the Watson School computer science program of Community and Public Affairs, Harpur College, and the School of Management is fulfilled by a second

Suzuki, Masatsugu

160

Gen Ed Planning Sheet for Freshmen & Transfer Students Entering in Fall 2014 or Spring 2015 As part of Binghamton University's comprehensive General Education (Gen Ed) curriculum, all students must take courses in the  

E-print Network

Communication (O) or Joint Composition/Oral Communication (J) C courses emphasize writing as a process of Nursing and the Watson School computer science program is fulfilled by one college course in foreign requirement for transfer students in the College of Community and Public Affairs, Harpur College

Suzuki, Masatsugu

161

Microscopic enteritis: Bucharest consensus  

PubMed Central

Microscopic enteritis (ME) is an inflammatory condition of the small bowel that leads to gastrointestinal symptoms, nutrient and micronutrient deficiency. It is characterised by microscopic or sub-microscopic abnormalities such as microvillus changes and enterocytic alterations in the absence of definite macroscopic changes using standard modern endoscopy. This work recognises a need to characterize disorders with microscopic and submicroscopic features, currently regarded as functional or non-specific entities, to obtain further understanding of their clinical relevance. The consensus working party reviewed statements about the aetiology, diagnosis and symptoms associated with ME and proposes an algorithm for its investigation and treatment. Following the 5th International Course in Digestive Pathology in Bucharest in November 2012, an international group of 21 interested pathologists and gastroenterologists formed a working party with a view to formulating a consensus statement on ME. A five-step agreement scale (from strong agreement to strong disagreement) was used to score 21 statements, independently. There was strong agreement on all statements about ME histology (95%-100%). Statements concerning diagnosis achieved 85% to 100% agreement. A statement on the management of ME elicited agreement from the lowest rate (60%) up to 100%. The remaining two categories showed general agreement between experts on clinical presentation (75%-95%) and pathogenesis (80%-90%) of ME. There was strong agreement on the histological definition of ME. Weaker agreement on management indicates a need for further investigations, better definitions and clinical trials to produce quality guidelines for management. This ME consensus is a step toward greater recognition of a significant entity affecting symptomatic patients previously labelled as non-specific or functional enteropathy.

Rostami, Kamran; Aldulaimi, David; Holmes, Geoffrey; Johnson, Matt W; Robert, Marie; Srivastava, Amitabh; Fléjou, Jean-François; Sanders, David S; Volta, Umberto; Derakhshan, Mohammad H; Going, James J; Becheanu, Gabriel; Catassi, Carlo; Danciu, Mihai; Materacki, Luke; Ghafarzadegan, Kamran; Ishaq, Sauid; Rostami-Nejad, Mohammad; Peña, A Salvador; Bassotti, Gabrio; Marsh, Michael N; Villanacci, Vincenzo

2015-01-01

162

The First Time is the Hardest? A Cross-National and Cross-Issue Comparison of First-Time Protest Participants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aims to extend the existing knowledge about the dynamics of first-time participation in protest events. To tackle\\u000a that puzzle we rely on extensive and innovative protest survey evidence covering 18 separate demonstrations in eight countries\\u000a across nine different issues. On the individual level, age, motivation, and non-organizational mobilization appear to be consistent\\u000a and robust predictors of first-timership. On

Joris Verhulst; Stefaan Walgrave

2009-01-01

163

Supply Chain Enter PO Receipt  

E-print Network

PeopleSoft Supply Chain FMS805 Enter PO Receipt 08/11/2008 © 2008 Northwestern University FMS805 1 Enter PO Receipt for Non-Catalog Items & Services This is a training guide to step you through receiving non-catalog items and services after a PO has been dispatched and goods or services have been

Shull, Kenneth R.

164

The Advanced Opportunity Program (AOP) is funded by the State of Wisconsin. AOP Fellowships are designed to assist members of groups under-represented in graduate study, and other disadvantaged students, to enter and  

E-print Network

students of higher education; First-generation college students; Individuals with disabilities: Individuals from financially disadvantaged backgrounds or circumstances; Recent immigrants (provided, however are designed to assist members of groups under-represented in graduate study, and other disadvantaged students

Saldin, Dilano

165

Comparing Entering Freshmen's Perceptions of Campus Marijuana and Alcohol Use to Reported Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of marijuana and alcohol among current college students (N = 1101) was compared to the perceptions and use of entering freshmen (N = 481) surveyed before the start of classes. Entering freshmen significantly misperceived campus norms for marijuana use, over-estimating that almost every student used in the last 30 days, p less than 0.001.…

Gold, Gregg J.; Nguyen, Alyssa T.

2009-01-01

166

Bacterial contamination of enteral diets.  

PubMed Central

Enteral feeding solutions can be contaminated by bacterial micro-organisms already present in the ingredients, or introduced during preparation or transport, or in the hospital ward. During jejunostomy feeding without pump or filter, ascending bacterial invasion of the feeding bag is possible. In patients with lowered immune response contaminated feedings can cause serious septic clinical problems. The progressive loss of the nutritional value of the enteral feeding solution by bacterial contamination has to be considered for all patients. PMID:3098643

de Leeuw, I H; Vandewoude, M F

1986-01-01

167

Enteric viruses of chickens and turkeys  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Although enteric disease in commercial poultry operations is common, and often unofficially reported and discussed by field veterinarians as “non-specific enteric disease”, three recognized enteric syndromes do exist in poultry: poult enteritis complex (PEC) and poult enteritis mortality syndrome (P...

168

Age of Inhalant First Time Use and Its Association to the Use of Other Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inhalants are the 4th most commonly abused drugs after alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Although inhalants are often referred as Gateway Drugs this hypothesis is less examined. Using the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data, age of first time inhalant use was compared with the age of onset of other drugs among 6466 inhalant users who…

Ding, Kele; Chang, G. Andy; Southerland, Ron

2009-01-01

169

A Prospective, Randomized Clinical Investigation of the Treatment of First-Time Ankle Sprains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Acute ankle ligament sprains are treated with the use of controlled mobilization with protection provided by external support (eg, functional treatment); however, there is little information regarding the best type of external support to use.Hypothesis: There is no difference between elastic wrapping, bracing, bracing combined with elastic wrapping, and casting for treatment of acute, first-time ankle ligament sprains in

Bruce D. Beynnon; Per A. Renström; Larry Haugh; Benjamin S. Uh; Howard Barker

2006-01-01

170

For first time since 2007, food stamp use drops in state, Palm Beach County  

E-print Network

For first time since 2007, food stamp use drops in state, Palm Beach County March 13, 2013|By Donna in Palm Beach County fell in February, according to data from the Florida Department of Children from last year when the number of food stamp recipients in Palm Beach County jumped nearly 14 percent

Fernandez, Eduardo

171

Identifying the drivers behind housing preferences of first-time owners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a rare insight into the motivation behind first-time buyers when looking to purchase their first home. The factors driving demand preferences for detached housing are constantly changing and difficult to measure, and often deemed to be a complex bundle of attributes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research in this paper is based

Richard Reed; Anthony Mills

2007-01-01

172

First time adoption of IFRS, Fair value option, Conservatism: Evidences from French listed companies  

E-print Network

of IFRS within the perspective of the accounting options concerning the fair value method. The optionalFirst time adoption of IFRS, Fair value option, Conservatism: Evidences from French listed standards included in the study are: fair value exemption of IFRS 1, IAS 16, 38 and 40. The sample

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

Does Home Visiting Benefit Only First-Time Mothers?: Evidence from Healthy Families Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a common assumption that mothers who have had previous births would participate less fully and have poorer outcomes from early home visitation programs than would first-time mothers. The authors conducted a qualitative and quantitative study to test that assumption by measuring three aspects of participation: time in the program, the number…

Huntington, Lee; Galano, Joseph

2013-01-01

174

Dietary behaviours during pregnancy: findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Limited prevalence data are available for nutrition related health behaviours during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess dietary behaviours during pregnancy among first-time mothers, and to investigate the relationships between these behaviours and demographic characteristics, so that appropriate dietary intervention strategies for pregnant women can be developed. METHOD: An analysis of cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from 409

Li Ming Wen; Victoria M Flood; Judy M Simpson; Chris Rissel; Louise A Baur

2010-01-01

175

For the first time, researchers at Yale Cancer Center have captured dynamic images of stem cell  

E-print Network

For the first time, researchers at Yale Cancer Center have captured dynamic images of stem cell. This breakthrough opens new opportunities to study the signals and pathways used by stem cells to turn cell growth time, and at the resolution of the single cell." The genetic and molecular mechanisms used by stem

Lee, Daeyeol

176

Use of Music Intervention for Reducing Anxiety and Promoting Satisfaction in First-Time Filipino Fathers.  

PubMed

Childbirth is an anxiety-provoking event in a man's life. Therefore, strategies to decrease paternal anxiety during childbirth are necessary. This study determined the effects of music and satisfaction of first-time Filipino fathers during childbirth. In the study, a prospective quasi-experimental design was utilized. Ninety-eight purposive samples of first-time fathers were included in the study, 50 were allocated in the experimental group (music group) and 48 in the control group (nonmusic group) during the months of August to October 2013. Paternal anxiety and satisfaction were measured using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Visual Analogue Scale for Satisfaction, respectively. Results revealed that the first-time fathers in the experimental group had lower State Trait Anxiety Inventory scores (p < .05) and higher Visual Analogue Scale for Satisfaction scores (p < .05) than those in the control group. Findings of the study provide substantial evidence to support the use of music in reducing anxiety and promoting satisfaction among first-time fathers during childbirth. PMID:25432465

Labrague, Leodoro J; McEnroe-Petitte, Denise M

2014-11-27

177

A qualitative study on the breastfeeding experiences of first-time mothers in Vientiane, Lao PDR  

PubMed Central

Background The benefits of breastfeeding are well-recognised. The majority of first-time mothers in the Lao People's Democratic Republic however do not follow WHO guidelines of exclusively breastfeeding for the first six months, and less than half breastfeed for two years. UNICEF identified lack of exclusive breastfeeding as the second highest risk factor for under 5 mortality in Lao PDR, closely following lack of skilled delivery care. This study explored the reasons and influences behind first-time mothers' breastfeeding practices, as well as the role of attitudes, beliefs and experiences in influencing those practices. Methods A qualitative research design was chosen for this exploratory study. Two districts in Vientiane were selected, and in each district four focus group discussions, two with six first-time mothers and two with health staff were undertaken. In addition, sixteen in-depth interviews with first-time mothers and seven individual key informants were conducted. Results Participants demonstrated positive attitudes towards breastfeeding and recognised its importance. Despite this, breastfeeding practices were suboptimal. Few exclusively breastfed for the first six months of the baby’s life and most of the first-time mothers included in the sample had stopped or planned to stop breastfeeding by the time the infant was 18 months of age. Work was named as one of the main reasons for less than ideal breastfeeding practices. Traditional beliefs and advice from health staff and the first-time mothers' own mothers, were important influences on breastfeeding practices. First-time mothers also cited experiencing tension when there were differences in advice they received from different people. Conclusion Overall, the mothers were well-informed on the benefits of breastfeeding, and displayed positive attitudes towards it. Nevertheless, few maintained optimal breastfeeding practices in the first two years of the infant’s life. Further effort needs to be directed at addressing knowledge and non-knowledge barriers to optimal breastfeeding practices. Of particular importance is working with employers, developing supportive employment policies, providing postnatal support and working with lay people and health professionals. Research is also needed to identify the optimal combination of interventions to promote good breastfeeding practices. PMID:24304510

2013-01-01

178

New enteral connectors raising awareness.  

PubMed

Small-bore connectors, in the past, have enabled misconnections between therapeutic systems that should not connect. Many enteral misconnections have been reported with subsequent frequent fatal outcomes. New enteral connectors have been designed via an International Organization of Standardization (ISO) standards development process. The new patient access connectors will be in the marketplace soon for the purpose of improving patient safety. Becoming aware of the changes and planning for them within your facility or agency will ease the transition to these new devices while continuing enteral nutrition support. Clinicians should look for education and information from appropriate resources and work with their suppliers to see when these changes will come to their institution or agency. PMID:25606642

Guenter, Peggi

2014-10-01

179

New Enteral Connectors: Raising Awareness.  

PubMed

Small-bore connectors, in the past, have enabled misconnections between therapeutic systems that should not connect. Many enteral misconnections have been reported with subsequent frequent fatal outcomes. New enteral connectors have been designed via an International Organization of Standardization (ISO) standards development process. The new patient access connectors will be in the marketplace soon for the purpose of improving patient safety. Becoming aware of the changes and planning for them within your facility or agency will ease the transition to these new devices while continuing enteral nutrition support. Clinicians should look for education and information from appropriate resources and work with their suppliers to see when these changes will come to their institution or agency. PMID:25139947

Guenter, Peggi

2014-08-19

180

The influence of context on students' approaches to learning: a case study.  

PubMed

This paper gives an account of a small-scale longitudinal study that examined changes in conceptions and approaches to learning as 14 students experience a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum for the first time. The course in oral biology aimed to encourage conceptual understanding of the topic and improve student learning through its PBL curriculum and assessment method. Those who entered the course with a surface approach and fragmented conception of learning left with a deep-learning approach, cohesive conception and quality learning outcomes. There were no observable changes in the students who started the course with a deep-learning approach and cohesive conception, except for two who reported surface approaches and fragmented conceptions at the end. These two students also achieved the lowest examination scores. To help explain these findings we examine the wider context for student learning including student motivation. PMID:16194246

Kieser, J; Herbison, P; Harland, T

2005-11-01

181

Enteral Tube Feeding and Pneumonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the effects of enteral tube feeding on the incidence of pneumonia, we performed a retrospective review of all clients at our institution who had gastrostomy or jejunostomy tubes placed over a 10-year period. Ninety-three subjects had a history of pneumonia before feeding tube insertion. Eighty had gastrostomy and 13, jejunostomy…

Gray, David Sheridan; Kimmel, David

2006-01-01

182

Colleges Enter the Information Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implications for higher education of the U.S. transformation from an industrial to an information society are discussed in six papers. Russell Edgerton provides an overview in "Entering the Information Society: An Introduction." In "The Computer: An Enabling Instrument," Louis Robinson considers the current era of the personalization of the…

Current Issues in Higher Education, 1983

1983-01-01

183

221st ACS. Division of Medicinal Chemistry - first-time disclosure of clinical candidates.  

PubMed

The 221st ACS meeting in San Diego, USA, saw a symposium entitled 'First-time disclosure of clinical candidates', the inaugural presentation of this symposium in the society's 125-year history. Dr Balu N Balasubramanian (Bristol-Myers Squibb Co, USA), Chair of this well-attended symposium of five papers, remarked that he hoped that this symposium will become a regular event at ACS conferences. PMID:16001297

Cox, R

2001-06-01

184

Sensitivity of the Breastfeeding Motivational Measurement Scale: A Known Group Analysis of First Time Mothers  

PubMed Central

Breastfeeding has immense public health value for mothers, babies, and society. But there is an undesirably large gap between the number of new mothers who undertake and persist in breastfeeding compared to what would be a preferred level of accomplishment. This gap is a reflection of the many obstacles, both physical and psychological, that confront new mothers. Previous research has illuminated many of these concerns, but research on this problem is limited in part by the unavailability of a research instrument that can measure the key differences between first-time mothers and experienced mothers, with regard to the challenges they face when breastfeeding and the instructional advice they require. An instrument was designed to measure motivational complexity associated with sustained breast feeding behaviour; the Breastfeeding Motivational Measurement Scale. It contains 51 self-report items (7 point Likert scale) that cluster into four categories related to perceived value of breast-feeding, confidence to succeed, factors that influence success or failure, and strength of intentions, or goal. However, this scale has not been validated in terms of its sensitivity to profile the motivation of new mothers and experienced mothers. This issue was investigated by having 202 breastfeeding mothers (100 first time mothers) fill out the scale. The analysis reported in this paper is a three factor solution consisting of value, midwife support, and expectancies for success that explained the characteristics of first time mothers as a known group. These results support the validity of the BMM scale as a diagnostic tool for research on first time mothers who are learning to breastfeed. Further research studies are required to further test the validity of the scale in additional subgroups. PMID:24391731

Stockdale, Janine; Sinclair, Marlene; Kernohan, George; McCrum-Gardner, Evie; Keller, John

2013-01-01

185

Metabolic evaluation in first-time renal stone formers in North India: a single center study.  

PubMed

The risk of stone recurrence in first-time stone formers (FTSF) varies from 26% to 53%. There is no consensus regarding metabolic evaluation in these individuals. We evaluated the metabolic abnormalities in first-time renal stone forming patients in North India. Thirty-nine patients, (29 males and 10 females with mean age 39.3 ± 12.9 years) who presented with nephrolithiasis for the first time were evaluated. We evaluated the calcium homeostasis [serum corrected total calcium, phosphorous, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, albumin, parathormone (iPTH), 25-hydroxy cholecalciferol (25(OH)D 3 ), 1-25 di-hydroxy cholecalciferol (1,25(OH) 2 D 3 )] and performed the calcium load test also. Two 24-h urine collections were taken for citrate, oxalate, calcium and uric acid. Ammonium chloride loading test for diagnosis of distal renal tubular acidosis was performed in all patients. For each of the diagnostic categories, descriptive statistics were computed for all biochemical variables. A two-tailed P-value <0.05 was regarded as significant. Metabolic abnormalities were detected in 92.3% of the patients (n = 39) studied. Of them, almost 60% had two or more metabolic abnormalities. The most common metabolic abnormality was hypo-citraturia (82%), followed by hyper-oxaluria (56%) and hyper-calciuria (41%). Five percent of the patients had incomplete renal tubular acidosis, signifying the importance of the ammonium chloride loading test in patients with renal stones. None of the study patients were detected to have primary hyperparathyroidism. In three patients, the etiology could not be detected. Our findings suggest that an underlying disorder is present in majority of first-time renal stone formers. Intervention with appropriate treatment can prevent recurrences. Hence, comprehensive metabolic evaluation is recommended in all FTSF. PMID:23816746

Joshi, Akhil; Gupta, Sushil Kumar; Srivastava, Aneesh

2013-07-01

186

Do first-time breeding females imprint on their own eggs?  

PubMed Central

The egg-recognition processes underlying egg rejection are assumed to be based on an imprinting-like process (a female learning the aspect of her own eggs during her first breeding attempt). The imprinting-like process and the misimprinting costs have been the objective of many theoretical models and frequently have a leading role in papers published on brood parasitism; however, an experiment has never been undertaken to test the existence of this imprinting-like process by manipulating egg appearance in first-time breeding females. Here, we present the first such experimental study using the house sparrow (Passer domesticus), which is a conspecific brood parasite and which has a good ability to reject conspecific eggs, as a model species. We found that contrary to what the hypothesis predicts first-time breeding females did not reject their own eggs in their second breeding attempt. This lack of response against unmanipulated eggs could indicate that females have an innate preference for their own eggs. However, in a second experimental group in which first-time breeding females were allowed to learn the aspect of their (unmanipulated) own eggs, none ejected manipulated eggs during their second clutch either—a finding that does not support the idea of recognition templates being inherited, but instead suggests that recognition templates could be acquired again at each new breeding attempt. Our results demonstrate that it is likely that egg discrimination is not influenced by egg appearance in the first breeding attempt. PMID:23235707

Soler, Manuel; Ruiz-Castellano, Cristina; Carra, Laura G.; Ontanilla, Juan; Martín-Galvez, David

2013-01-01

187

The "Turning Point" for Minority Pre-Meds: The Effect of Early Undergraduate Experience in the Sciences on Aspirations to Enter Medical School of Minority Students at UC Berkeley and Stanford University. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.20.08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of California faces the challenge of increasing the diversity of students graduating from its medical schools while also adhering to mandated restrictions on the use of race or ethnicity in the admissions process. Students from diverse backgrounds who gain admission as undergraduates to UC Berkeley and express an early interest in a…

Barr, Donald A.; Matsui, John

2008-01-01

188

Research update on the poultry enteric viruses  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Poultry enteric disease is an ongoing economic problem for the poultry industry in the United States and abroad. The etiologies of the recognized enteric disease syndromes—Poult Enteritis Complex (PEC) and Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome (PEMS) in young turkeys, and Runting-Stunting Syndrome (RSS...

189

Enteral Nutrition in Critical Care  

PubMed Central

There is a consensus that nutritional support, which must be provided to patients in intensive care, influences their clinical outcome. Malnutrition is associated in critically ill patients with impaired immune function and impaired ventilator drive, leading to prolonged ventilator dependence and increased infectious morbidity and mortality. Enteral nutrition is an active therapy that attenuates the metabolic response of the organism to stress and favorably modulates the immune system. It is less expensive than parenteral nutrition and is preferred in most cases because of less severe complications and better patient outcomes, including infections, and hospital cost and length of stay. The aim of this work was to perform a review of the use of enteral nutrition in critically ill patients. PMID:23390469

Seron-Arbeloa, Carlos; Zamora-Elson, Monica; Labarta-Monzon, Lorenzo; Mallor-Bonet, Tomas

2013-01-01

190

The challenge of enteric fever.  

PubMed

Enteric fever, a non-specific, systemic infection caused by S. Typhi or Paratyphi A, B or C, is common in resource-limited regions of the world, where poor sanitation infrastructure facilitates faeco-oral transmission. Prompt treatment with appropriate antibiotics minimises illness severity, but presentation to health care facilities is often delayed because of the non-specific nature of the symptoms and the lack of reliable diagnostic tests. Disease prevention requires significant investment in provision of clean water and sanitation in the long term; vaccination offers a more realistic strategy for medium term control. However, implementation of existing vaccines and development of more efficacious vaccines has been hindered by the lack of an established correlate of protection and under appreciation of the true disease burden. Human microbial infection studies could provide a vehicle for the rapid evaluation of novel vaccines and investigation of the immunobiology of enteric infection. PMID:24119827

Waddington, Claire S; Darton, Thomas C; Pollard, Andrew J

2014-01-01

191

Cerebellar ataxia in enteric fever  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study of enteric fever, cerebellar ataxia was found to be the commonest neurological manifestation, second only to toxic delirium. Excluding toxic delirium (found in 25-30% of cases) neurologic deficit was noted in 5.0% of a series of 718 consecutive cases; 2.3% showed cerebellar ataxia, either as an isolated feature or in association with other lesions. The ataxia usually

R S Wadia; N R Ichaporia; R S Kiwalkar; R B Amin; H V Sardesai

1985-01-01

192

Enteric pathogens through life stages  

PubMed Central

Enteric infections and diarrheal diseases constitute pervasive health burdens throughout the world, with rates being highest at the two ends of life. During the first 2–3 years of life, much of the disease burden may be attributed to infection with enteric pathogens including Salmonella, rotavirus, and many other bacterial, viral, and protozoan organisms; however, infections due to Clostridium difficile exhibit steady increases with age. Still others, like Campylobacter infections in industrialized settings are high in early life (<2 years old) and increase again in early adulthood (called the “second weaning” by some). The reasons for these differences undoubtedly reside in part in pathogen differences; however, host factors including the commensal intestinal microbial communities, immune responses (innate and acquired), and age-dependant shifts likely play important roles. Interplay of these factors is illustrated by studies examining changes in human gut microbiota with inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome. Recent gut microbial surveys have indicated dramatic shifts in gut microbial population structure from infants to young adults to the elders. An understanding of the evolution of these factors and their interactions (e.g., how does gut microbiota modulate the “inflamm-aging” process or vice versa) through the human life “cycle” will be important in better addressing and controlling these enteric infections and their consequences for both quality and quantity of life (often assessed as disability adjusted life-years or “DALYs”). PMID:22937528

Kolling, Glynis; Wu, Martin; Guerrant, Richard L.

2012-01-01

193

EXPERIENCES IN A FIRST-TIME OFFERING OF A FIRST-YEAR SEMINAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Penn State University introduced a first-year seminar as a general education requirement for all baccalaureate degree students in Fall, 1999. The first-year seminar provides a course taught by a full-time faculty member in the academic discipline of the first-year student. A small class size allows an intimate environment for developing personal relationships with other students having common academic interests. The

Thomas A. Seybert

194

UCLA researchers report for the first time how cells communicate to activate Notch signaling  

Cancer.gov

During formation of multi-cellular organisms, cells need to talk to each other to make critical decisions as to what kind of cell to become, as well as when and where to become that cell type. The Notch signaling system allows cells to directly talk to each other to program almost every cell type in the body. Now, researchers from UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have shown for the first time that the mechanical force produced by cell-cell interactions is critical for programming by the Notch signaling system.

195

Internal conflicts of Iranian first-time mothers in adaptation to maternal role  

PubMed Central

Background: Studies indicate that becoming a mother is accompanied by prominent physical, social, and psychological changes which can affect not only mother's psychological healthiness, but also all other aspects of her personal and family life. The purpose of this research was to explore the struggles experienced by Iranian first-time mothers in adapting to their maternal role between 0 and 1 year after giving birth. Materials and Methods: A qualitative design was used in this study. Twenty-one first-time mothers with diverse ethnic backgrounds were recruited in their home or healthcare centers in Tehran and Ahwaz. Data collected through in-depth interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Results: The analysis produced four themes: “Unpreparedness,” “lack of control,” “incomplete maternal feelings,” and “unstable relations.” The main theme, “internal conflict,” integrates all other categories and encapsulates the major changes to which women are subjected, as well as the factors distressing this experience. Conclusion: Discrepancies between subjective expectations and postnatal experiences take an influential role in causing postpartum conflict and strain. The more accurate information mothers and families have about this transitory stage, the better they can get prepared to deal with it. This specifies the pivotal role of midwives, midwifery educators, and healthcare policy makers in incorporating these concepts into training programs and protocols of healthcare and support services in due time, form, and content that is in accordance with mothers’ mental and psychological needs. PMID:23983759

Javadifar, Nahid; Majlesi, Fereshte; Nasrabadi, Alireza Nikbakht; Nedjat, Saharnaz; Montazeri, Ali

2013-01-01

196

Pregnancy Experiences of First-Time Fathers in Iran: A Qualitative Interview Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Fatherhood, similarly to motherhood, is an important role and responsibility. For accepting this role, one needs to be well-prepared. Awareness of father’s experiences of pregnancy can help us to develop plans for the promotion of the role of fatherhood. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore how first time fathers describe their experiences of pregnancy. Patients and Methods: The data in this qualitative study were collected by individual open-ended interviews in five public health prenatal care clinics in Tehran, Iran, during 2010 ? 2011. Participants were 26 Iranian and Moslem first-time fathers living in Tehran, whose partner was in the 32th to 40th week of her normal pregnancy. Qualitative content text analysis was used for analyzing interviews. Results: Through analysis of fathers’ experiences of their wives’ pregnancy, four categories, as well as associated subcategories, emerged. The categories include: “Emotional responses to pregnancy, Feeling of change, Accepting the reality and satisfaction, Developing identity as a father.” These categories describe the phenomenon of “Transition to fatherhood”. Conclusions: Transition to fatherhood extends beyond only moderate mental and social changes, and may be influenced by cultural background and beliefs. Therefore, caregivers should be aware of fathers' changes and needs during pregnancy, and support them while taking into consideration their culture and beliefs.

Golian Tehrani, Shahnaz; Bazzazian, Shahin; Dehghan Nayeri, Nahid

2015-01-01

197

Common Data Set 2011-2012 F1 First-time, first-year  

E-print Network

Institution F3 Army ROTC is offered: F3 Naval ROTC is offered: F3 Air Force ROTC is offered: F4 Housing: Check-time students Average age of all students (full- and part-time) x x x On Campus ROTC (program offered

Heller, Barbara

198

NATIONAL RESPIRATORY AND ENTERIC VIRUS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System is a lab based system which monitors temporal and geographic patterns associated with the detection of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV), respiratory and enteric adenoviruses, and r...

199

First time experiences using SciPy for computer vision research  

SciTech Connect

SciPy is an effective tool suite for prototyping new algorithms. We share some of our experiences using it for the first time to support our research in object detection. SciPy makes it easy to integrate C code, which is essential when algorithms operating on large data sets cannot be vectorized. Python's extensive support for operator overloading makes SciPy's syntax as succinct as its competitors, MATLAB. Octave. and R. The universality of Python. the language in which SciPy was written, gives the researcher access to a broader set of non-numerical libraries to support GUI development. interface with databases, manipulate graph structures, render 3D graphics, unpack binary files, etc. More profoundly, we found it easy to rework research code written with SciPy into a production application, deployable on numerous platforms.

Eads, Damian R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rosten, Edward J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

200

Discovery and study of Leishmania turanica for the first time in China.  

PubMed Central

Reported are the results of multidisciplinary studies on Leishmania turanica, which was isolated from the auricular tissues of naturally infected great gerbils in Xinjiang, China. Discussed are the biology of the parasite, its molecular biology, its pathogenicity in rodents and humans and its vectors. This was the first time that L. turanica had been reported in China. L. turanica is highly pathogenic in BALB/c mice, with the resulting systemic infection being lethal, and it causes dermal lesions in Meriones unguiculatus. L. turanica parasitizes the macrophages in the interstitium of the testes of Cricetulus barabensis, and entirely destroys the Leydig's cells of severely infected animals. Inoculation of L. turanica can induce simian and human cutaneous leishmaniasis. The cell membrane and flagella of the promastigotes of L. turanica have rather active ACPase. The major vectors of L. turanica were Phlebotomus mongolensis and P. andrejevi. PMID:8846493

Guan, L. R.; Yang, Y. Q.; Qu, J. Q.; Shen, W. X.

1995-01-01

201

The Abundance of Lithium Measured for the First Time Beyond Our Galaxy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The discrepancy between the primordial lithium abundance derived from Population II dwarf stars and from the predictions of standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis is one of the most intriguing and challenging open questions in modern astrophysics. The use of lower red giant branch stars, instead of the usual method of observing dwarf stars, represents a new approach to attacking the problem. Lithium in distant, extragalactic stellar systems, for which observations of dwarf stars are precluded because of their faintness, becomes open for investigation. From observations with FLAMES at the VLT, we have been able to derive for the first time the initial lithium abundance in an extragalactic globular cluster, namely M54 in the Sagittarius galaxy.

Mucciarelli, A.; Salaris, M.; Bonifacio, P.; Monaco, L.; Villanova, S.

2014-12-01

202

Awareness, Intention, and Needs Regarding Breastfeeding: Findings from First-Time Mothers in Shanghai, China  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background and Objectives Despite efforts, a decline in breastfeeding rates has been documented in China recently. This study explored the awareness of the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for breastfeeding and intention to breastfeed among first-time mothers and identified the gap between mothers' needs and perinatal care provision regarding breastfeeding promotion. Subjects and Methods In total, 653 women at 5–22 gestational weeks were recruited from four community health centers in Shanghai, China. They completed a self-administered questionnaire at recruitment. Two focus group discussions were held among third-trimester pregnant women who had received prenatal education. Twenty-four in-depth interviews were conducted among postpartum mothers. Results During early pregnancy, a substantial proportion of mothers were not aware of the nutritional value of breastmilk (40%) or the value of exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months (80%) or any breastfeeding for 24 months (98%). The awareness of the WHO guidelines for breastfeeding was associated with intention to breastfeed (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.88, 3.78) or intention to breastfeed exclusively (adjusted OR 3.31, 95% CI 1.81, 6.06). In late pregnancy and postpartum, most mothers were still not fully aware of the breastfeeding recommendations and nutritional value of breastmilk. Limited communications with healthcare providers and lack of support for dealing with breastfeeding difficulties were reported. Conclusions Low awareness of the WHO breastfeeding guidelines was found among first-time mothers in Shanghai. Awareness of breastfeeding guidelines was independently associated with mothers' intention to breastfeed and intention to breastfeed exclusively. The health benefits of breastfeeding and the recommended duration of breastfeeding should be emphasized in prenatal education programs. PMID:22424469

Jiang, Hong; Li, Mu; Yang, Dongling; Wen, Li Ming; Hunter, Cynthia; He, Gengsheng

2012-01-01

203

Effects of Mothers against Drunk Driving's (MADD's) Victim Impact Panels on First-Time DWI Offenders: Some Initial Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessed the effects of victim impact panels (VIP) on first-time DWI (Driving While Intoxicated) offenders in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The VIP is an emotional presentation by the victim or their parents about how they were injured or their child was killed by a drunk driver. Subjects, 350 first-time offenders participated in a Mothers…

Rao, Nagesh; And Others

204

Cross-cultural comparison of the information sources used by first-time and repeat travelers and its marketing implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is to investigate first-time and repeat German, French, and British travelers’ use of information sources. Three research questions are proposed to explore the differences in the use of information between repeat and first-time travelers and delineate the information usage pattern among the above three groups of travelers. Accordingly, this study analyzed the data collected from a series of

Joseph S. Chen; Dogan Gursoy

2000-01-01

205

student handbook forms Shawwal 18, 1424  

E-print Network

student handbook forms Shawwal 18, 1424 THREE-MEMBER ADVISING COMMITTEE (TMC) REPORT, INITIAL MEETING DEGREE PROGRAM IN SCIENTIFIC COMPUTATION Student:_______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Comments concerning student plans and recommendations: If student is entering as an advanced

Thomas, David D.

206

Displays: Entering a New Dimension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As display technologies prepare to welcome 3-D, the 21st-century classroom will soon bear little resemblance to anything students and teachers have ever seen. In this article, the author presents the latest innovations in the world of digital display technology. These include: (1) Touchlight, an interactive touch screen program that takes a normal…

Starkman, Neal

2007-01-01

207

AND ENTERAL NUTRITION GENERAL INFORMATION The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition  

E-print Network

(A.S.P.E.N.) is dedicated to improving patient care by advancing the science and practice of nutrition support therapy. Founded in 1976, A.S.P.E.N. is an interdisciplinary organization whose members are involved in the provision of clinical nutrition therapies, including parenteral and enteral nutrition. With more than 5,500 members from around the world, A.S.P.E.N. is a community of dietitians, nurses, pharmacists, physicians, scientists, students and other health professionals from every facet of nutrition support clinical practice, research and education. A.S.P.E.N. supports its mission in a variety of ways. On a bi-monthly basis, A.S.P.E.N. publishes two highly respected journals, the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (JPEN) and Nutrition in Clinical Practice (NCP). The association’s annual meeting, Clinical Nutrition Week, is the only scientific and clinical conference dedicated to the research and clinical practice of nutrition support therapy. A.S.P.E.N.

unknown authors

208

Men, maternity and moral residue: negotiating the moral demands of the transition to first time fatherhood  

PubMed Central

This article discusses men's transition to first time fatherhood, with a focus on the way they recognise various in-tension moral demands and negotiate an appropriate role for themselves. The findings are taken from a longitudinal study, drawing on elements of grounded theory, comprising a series of face-to-face and telephone interviews with 11 men over a 9-month period from the 12th week of pregnancy to 8 weeks after the birth. The analysis focuses on men's feelings and experience of exclusion and participation, and their response and reaction to that experience. The findings present two descriptive themes, ‘on the inside looking in’ and ‘present but not participating’, followed by third theme ‘deference and support: a moral response’ that exposes the dilemmatic nature of men's experience and explains the participants’ apparent acceptance of being less involved. The discussion explores the concept of moral residue, arguing that while deference and support may be an appropriate role for fathers in the perinatal period it may also be a compromise that leads to feelings of uncertainty and frustration, which is a consequence of being in a genuinely dilemmatic situation. PMID:25091825

Ives, Jonathan

2014-01-01

209

Multicultural Web–Based Motivational Interviewing for Clients with a first-time DUI Offense  

PubMed Central

Culturally and linguistically appropriate interventions are needed to reduce the risk of DUI recidivism among diverse populations. Using core elements of Motivational Interviewing, we developed a culturally-relevant web-MI intervention (web-MI) in English and Spanish to serve as a standalone or adjunctive program in DUI educational settings and evaluated its feasibility and acceptability among clients with first-time DUI offenses. We conducted an iterative formative assessment using focus groups with staff (n = 8) and clients (n = 27), and usability interviews with clients (n = 21). Adapting MI for the web was widely accepted by staff and clients. Clients stated the web-MI was engaging, interactive and personal, and felt more comfortable than past classes and programs. Spanish-speaking clients felt less shame, embarrassment, and discomfort with the web-MI compared to other in-person groups. Results support the viability of web-MI for DUI clients at risk for recidivism and highlight the importance of adapting the intervention for diverse populations. Key decisions used to develop the web-MI are discussed. PMID:22506822

Osilla, Karen Chan; D’Amico, Elizabeth J.; Díaz-Fuentes, Claudia M.; Lara, Marielena; Watkins, Katherine

2012-01-01

210

Freedom Star tows a barge with an SLWT into Port Canaveral for the first time  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Freedom Star, one of NASA's two solid rocket booster recovery ships, tows a barge containing the third Space Shuttle super lightweight external tank (SLWT) into Port Canaveral. This SLWT will be used to launch the orbiter Discovery on mission STS-95 in October. This first-time towing arrangement, part of a cost savings plan by NASA to prudently manage existing resources, began June 12 from the Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans where the Shuttle's external tanks are manufactured. The barge will now be transported up the Banana River to the LC-39 turn basin using a conventional tugboat. Previously, NASA relied on an outside contractor to provide external tank towing services at a cost of about $120,000 per trip. The new plan allows NASA's Space Flight Operations contractor, United Space Alliance (USA), to provide the same service directly to NASA using the recovery ships during their downtime between Shuttle launches. Studies show a potential savings of about $50,000 per trip. The cost of the necessary ship modifications should be paid back by the fourteenth tank delivery. The other recovery ship, Liberty Star, has also undergone deck strengthening enhancements and will soon have the necessary towing winch installed.

1998-01-01

211

Freedom Star tows a barge with an SLWT into Port Canaveral for the first time  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Freedom Star, one of NASA's two solid rocket booster recovery ships, tows a barge containing the third Space Shuttle super lightweight external tank (SLWT) into Port Canaveral. This SLWT will be used to launch the orbiter Discovery on mission STS-95 in October. This first-time towing arrangement, part of a cost savings plan by NASA to prudently manage existing resources, began June 12 from the Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans where the Shuttle's external tanks are manufactured. The barge will now be transported up the Banana River to the LC-39 turn basin using a conventional tugboat. Previously, NASA relied on an outside contractor to provide external tank towing services at a cost of about $120,000 per trip. The new plan allows NASA's Space Flight Operations contractor, United Space Alliance (USA), to provide the same service directly to NASA using the recovery ships during their downtime between Shuttle launches. Studies show a potential savings of about $50,000 per trip. The cost of the necessary ship modifications should be paid back by the fourteenth tank delivery. The other recovery ship, Liberty Star, has also undergone deck strengthening enhancements and will soon have the necessary towing winch installed. The other recovery vessel, Liberty Star, has undergone deck strengthening enhancements along with Freedom Star and will soon have the necessary towing winch installed.

1998-01-01

212

Teaching English for the First Time: Anxiety among Japanese Elementary-School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English language education officially started in Japanese elementary schools in 2009. Homeroom teachers, whether experienced or not, are responsible for teaching the subject to students. Additionally, teachers are often required to team-teach with a native English speaker. It is plausible that Japanese teachers are anxious about teaching English.…

Machida, Tomohisa

2011-01-01

213

WQS Internet Homework System --Getting Started Using the system for the first time  

E-print Network

student ID number as your password. 5. Click "add a class". 6. Use the pull-down selection on the third line to select "University of Kentucky" and then click "list classes". 7. Use the pull-down selection. Click "Proceed to Main Page". 9. I will accept your registration and assign you a new password

Lee, Carl

214

"This Is the First Time I Ever Liked Gym!" A Look at PE and Adventure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher who blended adventure education strategies into a standard physical education course during the 1980s describes similar programs at 12 schools that were inspired by Project Adventure workshops. The emphasis on cooperative teamwork and trust-building engages students and teachers alike. Advice is given on how to start an adventure-based…

Panicucci, Jane

2000-01-01

215

Creating a Virtual World Mindset: A Guide for First Time Second Life Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education technology proponents argue that tech-savvy students want active learning opportunities that enable them to produce, as well as consume, content. Some educators have responded to this rhetoric by appropriating virtual worlds such as Second Life (SL) for teaching and learning. While SL rewards exploration and experimentation, the…

Stoerger, Sharon

2010-01-01

216

Progression of First-Time Freshmen Outcomes by Year for Every 100 Beginners  

E-print Network

Passing 9 Passing Sources: SUS Retention Files; National Student Clearinghouse Enrollment Data 7 Failing 9 at another SUS institution, making FAU's SUS graduation rate 41% After 1 Year 2 PASSING 3 FAILING N = 100 19 FAILING 1 PASSING 1 FAILING 1 PASSING 1 FAILING 2 PASSING 1 FAILING 76 CONTINUE 63 CONTINUE 56 CONTINUE 42

Fernandez, Eduardo

217

Visitors to Berea College and persons encountering the institution for the first time  

E-print Network

in a Christian spirituality that was egalitarian, socially provocative, and focused on serving the black" that welcomed students and staff from "every clime and every nation" to study and to work together. Second and staff alike can work toward both personal goals and a vision of a world shaped by Christian values

Baltisberger, Jay H.

218

Better Buildings Case Competition 2014 Stanford participated for the first time this year to The Better Buildings Case Competition's  

E-print Network

Better Buildings Case Competition 2014 Stanford participated for the first time this year to The Better Buildings Case Competition's third edition generation in multifamily affordable housing. For this competition organized

Prinz, Friedrich B.

219

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2014-04-01

220

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2013-04-01

221

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2012-04-01

222

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2010-04-01

223

22 CFR 51.42 - Persons born in the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...passport for the first time. (a) Primary evidence of birth in the United States. A person born in the United States generally must submit a birth certificate. The birth certificate must show the full name of the...

2011-04-01

224

22 CFR 51.43 - Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time. 51.43 Section 51.43...Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS Evidence of U.S. Citizenship or Nationality...

2010-04-01

225

22 CFR 51.43 - Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time. 51.43 Section 51.43...Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS Evidence of U.S. Citizenship or Nationality...

2012-04-01

226

22 CFR 51.43 - Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time. 51.43 Section 51.43...Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS Evidence of U.S. Citizenship or Nationality...

2013-04-01

227

22 CFR 51.43 - Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time. 51.43 Section 51.43...Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS Evidence of U.S. Citizenship or Nationality...

2014-04-01

228

22 CFR 51.43 - Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Persons born outside the United States applying for a passport for the first time. 51.43 Section 51.43...Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS Evidence of U.S. Citizenship or Nationality...

2011-04-01

229

First-time parents' expectations about the division of childcare and play.  

PubMed

The current study examines violated expectations regarding the division of childcare and play in first-time parents during the initial transition to parenthood. The study's goal was threefold: (a) to compare prenatal expectations with the reported postpartum division of childcare and play, (b) to compare the influence of the reported division versus violated expectations on postpartum relationship satisfaction and depression, and (c) to examine the role of persistent violations of expectations on these outcomes. Couples expecting their first child were interviewed during the third trimester of pregnancy and at 1 and 4 months postpartum. Results indicated both mothers and fathers have unrealistic expectations during pregnancy; interestingly, the direction violation was opposite but converging for mothers and fathers. As found in prior research, mothers experienced unmet expectations with fathers doing less than mothers expected. Fathers, on the other hand, experienced overmet expectations with mothers doing more than fathers expected. Violated expectations were also a stronger predictor of depression and relationship satisfaction than the reported division, although again in opposite directions for mothers and fathers. Unmet expectations were negative for mothers, while overmet expectations with regard to childcare tasks were beneficial for fathers. The one caveat was for fathers' overmet expectations with play; in this case, a mother playing with the baby more than a father expected was related to less relationship satisfaction. A similar pattern of results was found for mothers and fathers with persistent violations. This study highlights the importance of understanding violated expectations in both mothers and fathers, as well as examining play separately from childcare. PMID:22182336

Biehle, Susanne N; Mickelson, Kristin D

2012-02-01

230

Asterless licenses daughter centrioles to duplicate for the first time in Drosophila embryos.  

PubMed

Centrioles form centrosomes and cilia, and defects in any of these three organelles are associated with human disease [1]. Centrioles duplicate once per cell cycle, when a mother centriole assembles an adjacent daughter during S phase. Daughter centrioles cannot support the assembly of another daughter until they mature into mothers during the next cell cycle [2-5]. The molecular nature of this daughter-to-mother transition remains mysterious. Pioneering studies in C. elegans identified a set of core proteins essential for centriole duplication [6-12], and a similar set have now been identified in other species [10, 13-18]. The protein kinase ZYG-1/Sak/Plk4 recruits the inner centriole cartwheel components SAS-6 and SAS-5/Ana2/STIL, which then recruit SAS-4/CPAP, which in turn helps assemble the outer centriole microtubules [19, 20]. In flies and humans, the Asterless/Cep152 protein interacts with Sak/Plk4 and Sas-4/CPAP and is required for centriole duplication, although its precise role in the assembly pathway is unclear [21-24]. Here, we show that Asl is not incorporated into daughter centrioles as they assemble during S phase but is only incorporated once mother and daughter separate at the end of mitosis. The initial incorporation of Asterless (Asl) is irreversible, requires DSas-4, and, crucially, is essential for daughter centrioles to mature into mothers that can support centriole duplication. We therefore propose a "dual-licensing" model of centriole duplication, in which Asl incorporation provides a permanent primary license to allow new centrioles to duplicate for the first time, while centriole disengagement provides a reduplication license to allow mother centrioles to duplicate again. PMID:24835456

Novak, Zsofia A; Conduit, Paul T; Wainman, Alan; Raff, Jordan W

2014-06-01

231

Effects of Ramadan on physical capacities of North African boys fasting for the first time  

PubMed Central

Introduction Most of the literature related to the effects of Ramadan fasting on physical performance has focused on adults, and only three studies have examined its impact on children’s physical performance. Aims To examine the effects of Ramadan fasting on first-time fasting boys’ performance in short-term explosive exercises [vertical and horizontal jump tests (VJT and HJT), 20-m and 30-m sprints and medicine-ball throw (MBT)], as well as in sub-maximal endurance [6-min walking distance (6MWD) measured during the 6-min walk test (6MWT)]. Methods Eighteen Tunisian boys [mean±standard deviation (SD) of age and body mass (BM): 11.9±0.8 y and 55.4±18.2 kg, respectively] were included. The experimental design comprised four testing phases: 2-weeks before Ramadan (BR), the end of the second week (R2) and the fourth week (R4) of Ramadan, and 10–12 days after the end of Ramadan (AR). At each phase, boys performed two test sessions in the afternoon (15:00–17:00 h) interrupted by 48 h of recovery (first test session: BM, VJT, HJT, and 20-m and 30-m sprint tests; second session: MBT and 6MWT). The study was conducted during the summer of 2012 from July 5 to August 29. Results 6MWDs (m) were significantly shorter during R2 (652±101) and R4 (595±123) compared to BR (697±86) and came back to baseline values AR. BM (kg) mean±SD did not significantly change during R2 (52±15) and during R4 (53±15) compared to BR (55±17), and short-term explosive performances were unchanged throughout the study. Conclusion In non-athletic children, first-ever Ramadan fasting impairs sub-maximal aerobic capacity but has no effect on BM or short-term explosive performance. PMID:25261691

Fenneni, Mohamed A.; Latiri, Imed; Aloui, Asma; Rouatbi, Sonia; Saafi, Mohamed A.; Bougmiza, Iheb; Chamari, Karim; Saad, Helmi Ben

2014-01-01

232

Development of the Zebrafish Enteric Nervous System  

PubMed Central

The enteric nervous system is composed of neurons and glia that modulate many aspects of intestinal function. The ability to use both forward and reverse genetic approaches and to visualize development in living embryos and larvae has made zebrafish an attractive model in which to study mechanisms underlying enteric nervous system development. Here we review recent work describing the development and organization of the zebrafish enteric nervous system and how this relates to intestinal motility. We also discuss the cellular, molecular and genetic mechanisms that have been revealed by these studies and how they are providing new insights into human enteric nervous system diseases. PMID:21550442

Shepherd, Iain

2013-01-01

233

Activities for social skills development in deaf children preparing to enter the mainstream  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of regular education teachers was surveyed to assess the social skills of recently mainstreamed students from oral deaf programs in their classrooms. In addition, a curriculum of social skills activities was developed to help prepare students from oral deaf schools to enter the mainstream.

Dorie L. Noll

2007-01-01

234

Titan's Far-Infrared 220 cm-1 Cloud Seen for the First Time in the South  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2012 an emission feature at 220 cm-1 in Titan's far-infrared spectrum was seen for the first time in the south [1]. Attributed to a stratosphere ice cloud formed at the winter pole, the 220 cm-1 emission had previously been seen only at high northern latitudes where it had been decreasing since the arrival of Cassini in 2004 [2]. Our far-infrared observations were performed with the Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini [3]. Although it had been expected that the 220 cm-1 emission would eventually appear in the south, the emission appeared rather suddenly, increasing by a factor of at least four between February (when it was not detected) and July 2012. At the time of our observations, one Titan month after equinox, the 220 cm-1feature was present in both the north and south and showed a trend of continued slow decrease in the north and steep increase in the south. As has been the case in the north, the emission in the south was confined to high latitudes associated with winter polar shadowing. Our spectroscopic detection of the southern 220 cm-1 ice cloud coincided with the rapid formation in 2012 of a haze hood and vortex at the south pole as seen in Cassini images [4]. The 220 cm-1 feature was first observed by the Infrared Interferometer Spectrometer (IRIS) on Voyager 1 [5, 6] and has been extensively studied in the north by CIRS [7-10]. Until now the 220 cm-1 emission, like the polar hood, has been associated solely with the north, owing to the fact that Voyager and Cassini have viewed Titan only during winter-spring. In 2012 we witnessed the start of a seasonal shift of this pattern to the south. The 220 cm-1 emission arises from altitudes of 80-150 km and peaks sharply near 140 km. The material responsible for the spectral feature is not known, but indirect evidence hints at a condensate arising from complex nitriles, which also tend to be present only at high winter latitudes. References: [1] Jennings, D. E., et al., ApJ, 761, L15, 2012. [2] Jennings, D. E., et al., ApJ, 754, L3, 2012. [3] Flasar, F. M., et al., Space Sci. Rev., 115, 169, 2004. [4] West, R. A., et al., DPS, paper 300.04, 2012. [5] Kunde et al. 1981, [6] Coustenis et al., 1999. [7] de Kok et al., Icarus, 191, 223, 2007. [8] de Kok et al., Icarus, 197, 572, 2008. [9] Samuelson et al., Icarus, 189, 63, 2007. [10] Anderson, et al., presented at workshop "Titan Through Time 2", 2012.

Jennings, Donald; Anderson, Carrie; Samuelson, Robert; Nixon, Conor; Flasar, Michael; Teanby, Nick; de Kok, Remco; Coustenis, Athena; Vinatier, Sandrine

2013-04-01

235

Student Support Services for the Underprepared Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The needs of students who enter college underprepared transcend academic preparation. These students require an array of student services that will support them in their quest to achieve the academic and personal skills necessary for college-level coursework and academic success. The model the author proposes in this article is not unique, but it…

Wilmer, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

236

Colleges and Universities: Residence of Students, Fall 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information regarding the residence of students attending Pennsylvania colleges and universities. It shows historical trends on the residence of first-time students, residence of all students by institutional category, and percentage of students from other states. Data were obtained from a biennial survey of first-time…

Khanna, Devki N., Comp.

237

Vaccination against enteric septicaemia of catfish  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Edwardsiella ictaluri, the causative agent of enteric septicemia (ESC) of catfish, is one of the most economically important diseases of cultured channel catfish. In 2002, Wagner and coworkers reported that enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC) and columnaris (Flavobacterium columnaris) were the two m...

238

Entering Mentoring A Seminar to Train  

E-print Network

Entering Mentoring A Seminar to Train a New Generation of Scientists Jo Handelsman Christine Pfund by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professors Program · #12;Entering Mentoring Jo Handelsman Christine Pfund and their faculty mentors Edited by: Hilary Handelsman Front Cover: The cover art is a fractal image, entitled

Eustice, Ryan

239

FACTORS PREDISPOSING CALVES FOR E. COLI ENTERITIS  

E-print Network

FACTORS PREDISPOSING CALVES FOR E. COLI ENTERITIS L. PROHÁSZKA Vetevinavy Medical Reseavch outbreaks of E. coli enteritis were studied. It was found that in newborn calves the serum bicarbonate level rose/32-35 meq/l/at 2-5 days of age at the critical time of E. coli infection and normalized again/22

Boyer, Edmond

240

First-time comet observations at the National Observatory of Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: We performed first-time scientific comet observations from Tübitak National Observatory (TUG), Turkey using two telescopes of that facility. In order to test the capabilities of the instruments, we performed a long comet-monitoring campaign from October 2013 to January 2014. We observed many comets, including but not limited to C/2012 S1 ISON, 154P Brewington, and C/2013 R1 Lovejoy. All comets were monitored for several nights with the Bessel R, V, and B filters from the 1-m (T100) and 1.5-m (RTT150) telescopes. Additionally, we acquired the first spectroscopic observations of a comet from TUG, using the TUG Faint Object Spectrograph (TFOSC with grism between 3230-9120 Å) mounted on RTT150. With these observations, we could assess the quality of the TUG instruments for cometary science, and identified a few limitations. We propose some technical improvements for future comet observations. These will open new observational opportunities for Turkish astronomers and a participation in international campaigns on cometary science. Observations and simulations: Apart from testing the instruments, our observations were also driven by the scientific questions regarding comet ISON around its perihelion passage. We intended to follow the formation and evolution of dust coma structures, and use well-tested models to simulate and understand this activity (Vincent et al. 2010, 2013, Lin et al. 2012). Additionally, we wanted to acquire spectra and derive the composition of the tail before and after perihelion. Unfortunately, the comet was not very active before perihelion and completely disintegrated at the end of November 2013. Nonetheless, we had acquired many images in the previous weeks, and we used the remaining nights to monitor other comets, mainly C/2013 R1 Lovejoy. Since the observatory is not equipped with the comet gas filters, we concentrated on dust structures and monitored comet ISON during October 2013 in Bessel R, B, and V filters. The cometary activity structures are investigated and simulations of dust tail are performed. On December 2013, we performed the first comet spectroscopy, targeting comet 154P and, additionally, observed comet C/2013 R1 in the Bessell R, B, and V filters. Results: Some additional gas filters for comet observations would be very useful for further observations. Fortunately, the budget for them is approved for 2014, and they are in the selection process. This will significantly improve future comet observations at TUG. T100: Imaging of fast-moving bright comets (like ISON) can be achieved by using short exposure times on the remotely operable T100 telescope, but non-sidereal tracking has to be improved for the observation of fast-moving small bodies of the solar system. Studies on the improvement of T100's tracking have already started at TUG. RTT150: Non-sidereal tracking is excellent and allowed us to take spectra of comet 154P. For future, we have established collaboration with the Rosetta mission and will monitor comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko starting from spring 2015. We are also ready for Gaia follow-up observations of solar-system objects with RTT150 (max. 5 nights/yr), T100 (max. 80 h/yr), and T60 (10--15 % of the total observing time).

Oklay, N.; Vincent, J.

2014-07-01

241

Exploring the Concept of Positive Deviance Related to Breastfeeding Initiation in Black and White WIC Enrolled First Time Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive deviance inquiry is effective in identifying advantageous health behaviors and improving health outcomes among disadvantaged\\u000a resource-poor populations. The objective of this study was to apply the positive deviance concept to explore the characteristics\\u000a of positive deviants for breastfeeding among WIC-enrolled first-time mothers in Louisiana. The cross sectional study included\\u000a data on 2,036 WIC-enrolled first time mothers (52.6% black) from

Ping Ma; Jeanette H. Magnus

242

Testing Age-Paced Parenting Newsletters up to Age 3: Greater Impact on First-Time Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An age-paced newsletter for parents of toddlers was evaluated. Mothers reported the newsletters were as useful as information from doctors or nurses and more useful than other sources of information. We hypothesized and found that first-time mothers reported the newsletters more useful than experienced mothers--reading more of the newsletters and…

Ostergren, Carol S.; Riley, David A.

2012-01-01

243

First-Time Mothers' Use of Music and Movement with Their Young Infants: The Impact of a Teaching Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined impact of a 5-week music/movement program involving relaxation, kinesics, singing, visual contact, and tactile stimulation on first-time mothers' use of music and movement with their infants. Found that the program extended mothers' use of relaxation to music and rhythmical movement with their infants but not the use of song and massage…

Vlismas, Wendy; Bowes, Jennifer

1999-01-01

244

A Fast Methodology for First-Time-Correct Design of PLLs using Nonlinear Phase-Domain VCO Macromodels  

E-print Network

1 A Fast Methodology for First-Time-Correct Design of PLLs using Nonlinear Phase-Domain VCO, correct design of modern PLLs. The central feature of the methodology is its use of accurate, nonlinear behavioral models for the VCO within the PLL, thus removing the need for many time-consuming SPICE

Roychowdhury, Jaijeet

245

Music ComplexTransformed "For the first time in 25 years, the light in front of the  

E-print Network

1 Music ComplexTransformed "For the first time in 25 years, the light in front of the MUSIC sign is working and you can now see it from the road!" That, according to Department of Music Chair Laurence breadth of western music, indigenous Asian and Pacific islands music, and contemporary blends of them

246

Death Awareness, Maternal Separation Anxiety, and Attachment Style among First-Time Mothers--A Terror Management Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies explored the interplay between death awareness, attachment style, and maternal separation anxiety among first-time mothers of infants aged 3-12 months. In Study 1 (N = 60), a higher accessibility of death-related thoughts was found following induction of thoughts about separation from the infant. In Study 2 (N = 100), a mortality…

Taubman-Ben-Ari, Orit; Katz-Ben-Ami, Liat

2008-01-01

247

Detection of enteric pathogens by the nodosome  

PubMed Central

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain protein (NOD)1 and NOD2 participate in signaling pathways that detect pathogen-induced processes, such as the presence of peptidoglycan fragments in the host cell cytosol, as danger signals. Recent work suggests that peptidoglycan fragments activate NOD1 indirectly, through activation of the small Rho GTPase Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (RAC1). Excessive activation of small Rho GTPases by virulence factors of enteric pathogens also triggers the NOD1 signaling pathway. Many enteric pathogens use virulence factors that alter the activation state of small Rho GTPases, thereby manipulating the host cell cytoskeleton of intestinal epithelial cells to promote bacterial attachment or entry. These data suggest that the NOD1 signaling pathway in intestinal epithelial cells provides an important sentinel function for detecting ‘breaking and entering’ by enteric pathogens. PMID:24268520

Keestra, A. Marijke; Bäumler, Andreas J.

2014-01-01

248

OCCURRENCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN WATERS  

EPA Science Inventory

A number of different types of human enteric viruses cause waterborne outbreaks when individuals are exposed to contaminated drinking and recreational waters. Vaccination against poliovirus has virtually eliminated poliomyelitis from the planet, but other members of the enterovi...

249

Enter Keyword(s) Today's Ecology Top  

E-print Network

Enter Keyword(s) Today's Ecology Top News OMG's Business Ecology Initiative BEI Reaches 250 Member Advertisement Ecology Topics Botany Climate Research Ecology Environment Environmental Microbiology Environmental Monitoring Environmental Research Fisheries Research Marine Biology Meteorology Molecular Ecology

250

OCCURRENCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN SURFACE WATERS  

EPA Science Inventory

Human enteric viruses cause a number of diseases when individuals are exposed to contaminated drinking & recreational waters. Vaccination against poliovirus has virtually eliminated poliomyelitis from the planet. Other members of enterovirus group cause numerous diseases. Hepatit...

251

American Society for Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition  

MedlinePLUS

... therapies. More About A.S.P.E.N. Journals Advertisement Member Central Discussions Journals Chapters Sections ASPENet By: ... and her long-term career in clinical nutrition. Advertisement © Copyright 2015 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral ...

252

STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH POLICY  

E-print Network

1 STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH POLICY Revised January 2013 #12;2 A. INTRODUCTION 1. Context Widening with a notable increase in the numbers of students with significant mental health difficulties entering HE the continuum from promoting positive mental well-being to working with students with severe mental health

Martin, Ralph R.

253

The enteric glia: identity and functions.  

PubMed

Enteric glial cells were first described at the end of the 19th century, but they attracted more interest from researchers only in the last decades of the 20th. Although, they have a different embryological origin, the enteric GLIA share many characteristics with astrocytes, the main glial cell type of the central nervous system (CNS), such as in their expression of the same markers and in their functions. Here we review the construction of the enteric nervous system (ENS), with a focus on enteric glia, and also the main studies that have revealed the action of enteric glia in different aspects of gastrointestinal tract homeostasis, such as in the intestinal barrier, in communications with neurons, and in their action as progenitor cells. We also discuss recent discoveries about the roles of enteric glia in different disorders that affect the ENS, such as degenerative pathologies including Parkinson's and prion diseases, and in cases of intestinal diseases and injury. GLIA 2015;63:921-935. PMID:25703790

Coelho-Aguiar, Juliana de Mattos; Bon-Frauches, Ana Carina; Gomes, Ana Lúcia Tavares; Veríssimo, Carla Pires; Aguiar, Diego Pinheiro; Matias, Diana; Thomasi, Beatriz Bastos de Moraes; Gomes, Antoniella Souza; Brito, Gerly Anne de Castro; Moura-Neto, Vivaldo

2015-06-01

254

TH.D. STUDENT PROFILES 2006 Entering Class  

E-print Network

Concentration: Theology and Ethics Dissertation Focus: Protestant conceptions of mental illness in post World of Israel. Craig Heilmann Primary Concentration: Theology Secondary Concentration: History Dissertation/Historical Theology Secondary Concentration: Patristics/Early Church History Dissertation Focus: The means of grace

Reif, John H.

255

Pregnant Field Students' Guilt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined guilt feelings among social work students who were pregnant for the first time during field work training. Semi-structured interviews were conducted either in the 9th month (n=5) or 2-12 months after delivery (n=5). Content analysis revealed 6 main triggers, illustrated by excerpts, which stimulated field students' guilt…

Baum, Nehami

2006-01-01

256

RCCD Student Success Study, 1994-95. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gather data on factors associated with the withdrawal of first-time students before they achieved their educational goals, Riverside Community College (RCC), in California, conducted a study of 742 students who were attending RCC for the first time in 1994-95. The students were surveyed by telephone during their first and second semesters and…

Axelson, Rick; Torres, David

257

Global risk factors and the prediction of recidivism rates in a sample of first-time misdemeanant offenders.  

PubMed

This article examines the prediction of recidivism using the Global Risk Assessment Device (GRAD), a reliable and valid measure of dynamic factors associated with family characteristics, peers, mental health, substance abuse, trauma exposure, educational concerns, accountability, and health risks. Using a sample of adult caregivers of first-time misdemeanant offenders, two factors-education and accountability-were significantly associated with recidivistic behavior, supporting the use of GRAD data in correctly identifying first-time offenders who have the greatest and the least likelihood for future offending behavior. Additional analyses utilizing parent reports on African American males indicate that the GRAD provides discrimination in the prediction of recidivism in a group typically seen as being high risk simply because of their gender and race. The assessment drives intervention approach of the GRAD is discussed in terms of using reports from adults to accurately place youth into appropriate levels of supervision and treatment. PMID:17684119

Gavazzi, Stephen M; Yarcheck, Courtney M; Sullivan, Jason M; Jones, Sheri C; Khurana, Atika

2008-06-01

258

Perception of Risk for Subsequent Drinking and Driving Related Offenses and Locus of Control among First-Time DUI Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that approximately one third of first-time driving-under-the-influence (DUI) offenders are at risk for committing a subsequent offense. To reduce the risk of recidivism, most states require mandatory screening and counseling of convicted DUI offenders. Unfortunately, the majority of offenders are not receptive to either screening or recommendations for further interventions designed to reduce their level of risk.

Alan A. Cavaiola; David B. Strohmetz

2009-01-01

259

Effects of Ration Levels on Growth and Reproduction from Larvae to First-Time Spawning in the Female Gambusia affinis.  

PubMed

Somatic growth and reproduction were examined in individual laboratory-grown female Gambusia affinis fed with high (H), medium (M) and low (L) ration levels from birth to the first-time spawning. Results showed that the body length and weight, condition factor (CF), wet weight gain (WGw), specific growth rate in wet weight (SGRw) and ration levels in terms of energy (RLe) decreased significantly (p < 0.05) with decreasing ration levels from birth to first-time spawning. On the contrary, the food conversion efficiency in terms of energy (FCEe) increased significantly (p < 0.05) with the decreasing ration levels from birth to first-time sexual maturity. Furthermore, higher percentages of energy intake from food were allocated to somatic and gonad growth in M and L groups compared to the H group before sexual maturity; In addition, the time for first-time spawning in groups M and L was longer than that of the H group. As a result, the gonad-somatic index (GSI) and oocytes/embryos weight in M and L groups were similar to that of the H group, although the ovary weight and oocytes/embryos numbers were all lower than that of the H group. Also, similar growth performances were observed in second-generation offspring, which were produced by female parents fed with different ration levels. These findings suggest that the female G. affinis could produce a number of healthy offspring under conditions of food restriction, and that this could be achieved by increasing the energy allocated to gonad development, reducing fecundity and delaying spawning time. These life strategies ensured that G. affinis could survive and thrive in adverse environmental conditions and exhibit characteristics of invasive fish species. PMID:25768343

Zhu, Zhiming; Zeng, Xiangling; Lin, Xiaotao; Xu, Zhongneng; Sun, Jun

2015-01-01

260

77 FR 51021 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Student Assistance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...retention rate of first-time, full-time undergraduate students, and completion and graduation rate data disaggregated by gender, race, and grant or loan assistance in addition to the currently required reporting to prospective and enrolled students...

2012-08-23

261

Microbiome Associations of Therapeutic Enteral Nutrition  

PubMed Central

One of the most effective forms of therapeutic enteral nutrition is designated as “exclusive enteral nutrition” (EEN). EEN constitutes the monotonous enteral delivery of complete liquid nutrition and has been most explored in the treatment Crohn’s disease (CD), a form of inflammatory bowel disease. While EEN’s mechanisms of action are not clearly understood, it has been shown to modify the composition of the intestinal microbiome, an important component of CD pathogenesis. The current literature on the intestinal microbiome in healthy individuals and CD patients is reviewed with respect to EEN therapy. Further investigations in this field are needed to better understand the role and potential for EEN in chronic human disorders. PMID:25421531

Shah, Rajesh; Kellermayer, Richard

2014-01-01

262

[Indications and practice of enteral nutrition].  

PubMed

Malnutrition in hospitalised patients has a significant and disadvantageous impact on treatment outcome. If possible, enteral nutrition with an energy/protein-balanced nutrient should be preferred depending on the patient's condition, type of illness and risk factors. The aim of the nutrition therapy is to increase the efficacy of treatment and shorten the length of hospital stay in order to ensure rapid rehabilitation. In the present review the authors summarize the most important clinical and practical aspects of enteral nutrition therapy. PMID:25497152

Hallay, Judit; Nagy, Dániel; Fülesdi, Béla

2014-12-21

263

Investigating turkey enteric picornavirus and its association with enteric disease in poults  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Our previous research into the dynamic viral community in the turkey gastrointestinal tract revealed a number of novel enteric viruses. Of particular note in this previous metagenomic investigation was the observation of a number of novel avian enteric picornaviruses, in addition to numerous other ...

264

Visceral pain: spinal afferents, enteric mast cells, enteric nervous system and stress.  

PubMed

This review aims to examine current basic and clinical concepts, the results of which are expanding our understanding of visceral hypersensitivity and functional abdominal pain of intestinal origin in relation to the enteric nervous system (ENS), spinal sensory neurons and enteric mast cells. Advances in this sphere are translating to improved insight into chronic functional abdominal and pelvic pain syndromes in general. PMID:21548869

Wood, Jackie D

2011-01-01

265

The Relationship among Wellness, Psychological Distress, and Social Desirability of Entering Master's-Level Counselor Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two-hundred and four entering master's-level counseling students from 9 programs in 5 states participated in a study testing the only counseling-based wellness assessment measure, the Five Factor Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle (J. E. Myers, R. M. Luecht, & T. J. Sweeney, 2004), for its relationship to 2 other constructs: psychological distress…

Smith, Heather L.; Robinson, E. H. "Mike", III; Young, Mark E.

2007-01-01

266

The Difficult Transition? Teaching, Research, Service: Examining the Preparedness of Communication Faculty Entering the Academe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, based on a survey of graduate students seeking employment, examines the categories and levels of preparedness of new professors/instructors as they enter academe. Preparedness was examined in several ways--specifically knowledge about higher education requirements and their preparation for teaching, advising, and service in the field…

Whitfield, Toni Selena; Hickerson, Corey

2013-01-01

267

Discoveryour pathwayto enter the University of Toronto  

E-print Network

Discoveryour pathwayto enter the University of Toronto international foundation program graduate 2014/2015 #12;2 university of toronto: new college #12;1InternatIonal FoundatIon Program An avenue conditional acceptance to a Master of Engineering Program (MEng) at the University of Toronto with intensive

268

EPIZOOTIC NECROTIC ENTERITIS IN WILD GEESE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outbreaks of a disease characterized by severe necrotic enteritis occurred among Canada geese (Branta canadensis), lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens caerulescens), Ross' geese (A. rossi), and white-fronted geese (A. albifrons) on lakes in Saskatchewan and Manitoba during the autumn of 1983, 1984 and 1985. Ducks usingthe lakes were apparently not affected. Lesions in the geese closely resembled those described in

G. Wobeser; D. J. Rainnie

269

Europe's First Moon Probe Enters Lunar Orbit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides milestones of the European Space Agency's first space probe to the moon. The ESA's ion driven SMART-1 probe entered lunar orbit on 2004 Nov 16 after an 80 million kilometer, 13 month journey. Mission and spacecraft details, as well as images, are provided.

270

Entering a Crack: An Encounter with Gossip  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I enter a crack to think otherwise about the concept "gossip". Drawing on previous scholarship engaging with Deleuzian concepts to inform research methodologies, this paper builds on this body of work. Following Deleuze and Guattari, the paper undertakes a mapping of gossip, subsequent to an encounter with a crack.…

Henderson, Linda

2014-01-01

271

Dept OPT Admin enters Candidate info  

E-print Network

Dept OPT Admin enters Candidate info Candidate uploads and certifies packet Dept OPT Admin letter Candidate does/does not upload a response letter Candidate certifies response? Dept Chair/Designee new Dept Chair letter needed? Yes No (after 10 days) No Yes Yes Candidate does/does not upload

Roy, Subrata

272

Dept OPT Admin enters Candidate info  

E-print Network

Dept OPT Admin enters Candidate info Candidate uploads and certifies packet Dept OPT Admin letter Candidate does/does not upload a response letter Candidate certifies response? Dept Chair(orapproveitemsuploadedbyaDepartment,CollegeorUnivOPTAdmin)toSection33atanytime Chair/DirectorResponse: CandidateResponseto DeptChair/DirectorReview DeptAdmin Review

Block, Louis

273

enter part number BNC / RP-BNC  

E-print Network

enter part number Products 7/16 1.0/2.3 1.6/5.6 AFI AMC BNC / RP-BNC C FAKRA SMB FME HN MCX Mini ------- Product Search ------- Inventory Search Search Results for: 31-10152-RFX Results: 1 - 1 of 1 Part Number. All rights reserved. Copyright | Terms & Conditions | RF E-Mail Client | Contact Us | Amphenol

Berns, Hans-Gerd

274

Enteric Bacterial Growth Rates in River Water  

PubMed Central

Enteric bacteria, including stocked strains of pathogenic species and organisms naturally present in the stream, were capable of growth in a chemostat with autoclaved river water taken 750 m below a sewage outfall. Maximal specific growth rates for all organisms occurred at 30 C, whereas culture generation times ranged between 33.3 and 116 hr. Of the six laboratory strains of enteric species used, Escherichia coli and Enterobacter aerogenes grew at generation times of 34.5 and 33.3 hr, respectively, while the remaining Proteus, Arizona, Salmonella, and Shigella spp. reproduced at a rate two to three times slower than the coliforms. Little or no growth occurred in the water at incubation temperatures of 20 and 5 C, and death was observed for Salmonella senftenberg at 20 and 5 C and for E. aerogenes and Proteus rettgeri at 5 C. When enteric bacteria naturally present in the river water were employed in similar experiments, coliform bacteria demonstrated a generation time of approximately 116 hr, whereas fecal coliforms failed to grow. Growth of the bacteria from the river demonstrated a periodicity of approximately 100 hr, which suggests that much of the growth of these organisms in the chemostat may be on the glass surfaces. This phenomenon, however, was not observed with any of the stocked enteric species. Neither the stock cultures nor the aquatic strains were capable of growth in autoclaved river water taken above the sewage outfall at the three temperatures tested. PMID:4561100

Hendricks, Charles W.

1972-01-01

275

Apparent inferiority of first-time breeders in the kittiwake: The role of heterogeneity among age classes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

1. Many studies have provided evidence that first-time breeders have a lower survival, a lower probability of success, or of breeding, in the following year. Hypotheses based on reproductive costs have often been proposed to explain this. However, because of the intrinsic relationship between age and experience, the apparent inferiority of first-time breeders at the population level may result from selection, and experience may not influence performance within each individual. In this paper we address the question of phenotypic correlations between fitness components. This addresses differences in individual quality, a prerequisite for a selection process to occur. We also test the hypothesis of an influence of experience on these components while taking age and reproductive success into account: two factors likely to play a key role in a selection process. 2. Using data from a long-term study on the kittiwake, we found that first-time breeders have a lower probability of success, a lower survival and a lower probability of breeding in the next year than experienced breeders. However, neither experienced nor inexperienced breeders have a lower survival or a lower probability of breeding in the following year than birds that skipped a breeding opportunity. This suggests heterogeneity in quality among individuals. 3. Failed birds have a lower survival and a lower probability of breeding in the following year regardless of experience. This can be interpreted in the light of the selection hypothesis. The inferiority of inexperienced breeders may be linked to a higher proportion of lower-quality individuals in younger age classes. When age and breeding success are controlled for, there is no evidence of an influence of experience on survival or future breeding probability. 4. Using data from individuals whose reproductive life lasted the same number of years, we investigated the influence of experience on reproductive performance within individuals. There is no strong evidence that a process operating within individuals explains the improvement in performance observed at the population level.

Cam, E.; Monnat, J.-Y.

2000-01-01

276

Exploring the concept of positive deviance related to breastfeeding initiation in black and white WIC enrolled first time mothers.  

PubMed

Positive deviance inquiry is effective in identifying advantageous health behaviors and improving health outcomes among disadvantaged resource-poor populations. The objective of this study was to apply the positive deviance concept to explore the characteristics of positive deviants for breastfeeding among WIC-enrolled first-time mothers in Louisiana. The cross sectional study included data on 2,036 WIC-enrolled first time mothers (52.6% black) from the LaPRAMs, 2000-2004. Chi-square test was used to compare groups. Multivariable logistic regression was applied to calculate adjusted OR and 95% CI by breastfeeding initiation status. The average age was 21.3 years, 31.5% had less than 12 years of education, and 44.6% of the sample reported having initiated breastfeeding. Black mothers were less likely to initiate breastfeeding than their white counterparts (OR 0.39 (95% CI: 0.31, 0.48)). Among 641 WIC-enrolled first time mothers with less than 12 years of education, 28.4% were identified as positive deviants for breastfeeding initiation. Among the black mothers 19.8% were positive deviants compared to 40.3% of the white mothers. Breastfeeding in the hospital after delivery (P < 0.0001) and having received help on how to breastfeed in the hospital (P < 0.0001) were significantly associated with breastfeeding initiation in white and black mothers. In addition, the black positive deviants were more likely, OR 2.80 (95% CI: 1.20, 6.56) to have initiated breastfeeding if their baby was low birth weight. Breastfeeding practices shortly after delivery including assistance and education from staff in the hospital, are related to breastfeeding initiation among less educated WIC-enrolled mothers. PMID:21822964

Ma, Ping; Magnus, Jeanette H

2012-11-01

277

Environmental toxins trigger PD-like progression via increased alpha-synuclein release from enteric neurons in mice  

PubMed Central

Pathological studies on Parkinson's disease (PD) patients suggest that PD pathology progresses from the enteric nervous system (ENS) and the olfactory bulb into the central nervous system. We have previously shown that environmental toxins acting locally on the ENS mimic this PD-like pathology progression pattern in mice. Here, we show for the first time that the resection of the autonomic nerves stops this progression. Moreover, our results show that an environmental toxin (i.e. rotenone) promotes the release of alpha-synuclein by enteric neurons and that released enteric alpha-synuclein is up-taken by presynaptic sympathetic neurites and retrogradely transported to the soma, where it accumulates. These results strongly suggest that pesticides can initiate the progression of PD pathology and that this progression is based on the transneuronal and retrograde axonal transport of alpha-synuclein. If confirmed in patients, this study would have crucial implications in the strategies used to prevent and treat PD. PMID:23205266

Pan-Montojo, Francisco; Schwarz, Mathias; Winkler, Clemens; Arnhold, Mike; O'Sullivan, Gregory A.; Pal, Arun; Said, Jonas; Marsico, Giovanni; Verbavatz, Jean-Marc; Rodrigo-Angulo, Margarita; Gille, Gabriele; Funk, Richard H. W.; Reichmann, Heinz

2012-01-01

278

https://doyouliveunited.org 1. Enter you user ID  

E-print Network

Search' button. 7. Enter you search terms for the agency of your choice and click on `Search'. #12;httpshttps://doyouliveunited.org 1. Enter you user ID: your email address Enter your password: welcome be different then the options listed here. 5. For a payroll pledge, enter the amount per pay or the total

279

The relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety among pregnant and postpartum first-time mothers  

PubMed Central

Two studies examined the relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. In the first study, a measure of maternal attitudes, the Attitudes Toward Motherhood Scale (AToM), was developed and validated in a sample of first-time mothers. The AToM was found to have good internal reliability and convergent validity with cognitive biases and an existing measure of maternal attitudes. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses determined that the measure comprises three correlated factors: beliefs about others’ judgments, beliefs about maternal responsibility, and maternal role idealization. In the second study, we used the AToM to assess the relationship between maternal attitudes and other psychological variables. The factor structure of the measure was confirmed. Maternal attitudes predicted symptoms of depression and anxiety, and these attitudes had incremental predictive validity over general cognitive biases and interpersonal risk factors. Overall, the results of these studies suggest that maternal attitudes are related to psychological distress among first-time mothers during the transition to parenthood and may provide a useful means of identifying women who may benefit from intervention during the perinatal period. PMID:24643422

Epperson, C. Neill; Barber, Jacques P.

2014-01-01

280

Positive posttraumatic stress disorder screens among first-time medical cannabis patients: prevalence and association with other substance use.  

PubMed

Twenty-one states and the District of Columbia have passed legislation allowing for the use of medical cannabis for those individuals with qualifying medical conditions, which include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for a growing number of states. Little information is available regarding PTSD among medical cannabis patients. This study seeks to provide initial data on this topic by examining the prevalence and correlates of positive PTSD screens among a sample of patients seeking medical cannabis certification for the first time (n=186). Twenty-three percent (42/186; 95% confidence interval [CI] =17%-29%) of the patients in the study sample screened positive for PTSD. Moreover, the group that screened positive for PTSD had higher percentages of lifetime prescription opioid, cocaine, prescription sedative, and street opioid use, as well as a higher percentage of recent prescription sedative use, than the group that screened negative for PTSD. These findings highlight the relatively common use of other substances among medical cannabis patients with significant PTSD symptoms, even when compared with other patients seeking medical cannabis for the first time. As a growing number of states include PTSD among the list of qualifying medical conditions for medical cannabis, additional research is needed to better characterize the longitudinal relationship between medical cannabis use and PTSD symptoms. PMID:24930048

Bohnert, Kipling M; Perron, Brian E; Ashrafioun, Lisham; Kleinberg, Felicia; Jannausch, Mary; Ilgen, Mark A

2014-10-01

281

Identification of functional parameters for the classification of older female fallers and prediction of 'first-time' fallers.  

PubMed

Falls remain a challenge for ageing societies. Strong evidence indicates that a previous fall is the strongest single screening indicator for a subsequent fall and the need for assessing fall risk without accounting for fall history is therefore imperative. Testing in three functional domains (using a total 92 measures) were completed in 84 older women (60-85 years of age), including muscular control, standing balance, and mean and variability of gait. Participants were retrospectively classified as fallers (n = 38) or non-fallers (n = 42) and additionally in a prospective manner to identify first-time fallers (FTFs) (n = 6) within a 12-month follow-up period. Principal component analysis revealed that seven components derived from the 92 functional measures are sufficient to depict the spectrum of functional performance. Inclusion of only three components, related to mean and temporal variability of walking, allowed classification of fallers and non-fallers with a sensitivity and specificity of 74% and 76%, respectively. Furthermore, the results indicate that FTFs show a tendency towards the performance of fallers, even before their first fall occurs. This study suggests that temporal variability and mean spatial parameters of gait are the only functional components among the 92 measures tested that differentiate fallers from non-fallers, and could therefore show efficacy in clinical screening programmes for assessing risk of first-time falling. PMID:24898021

König, N; Taylor, W R; Armbrecht, G; Dietzel, R; Singh, N B

2014-08-01

282

Identification of functional parameters for the classification of older female fallers and prediction of ‘first-time’ fallers  

PubMed Central

Falls remain a challenge for ageing societies. Strong evidence indicates that a previous fall is the strongest single screening indicator for a subsequent fall and the need for assessing fall risk without accounting for fall history is therefore imperative. Testing in three functional domains (using a total 92 measures) were completed in 84 older women (60–85 years of age), including muscular control, standing balance, and mean and variability of gait. Participants were retrospectively classified as fallers (n = 38) or non-fallers (n = 42) and additionally in a prospective manner to identify first-time fallers (FTFs) (n = 6) within a 12-month follow-up period. Principal component analysis revealed that seven components derived from the 92 functional measures are sufficient to depict the spectrum of functional performance. Inclusion of only three components, related to mean and temporal variability of walking, allowed classification of fallers and non-fallers with a sensitivity and specificity of 74% and 76%, respectively. Furthermore, the results indicate that FTFs show a tendency towards the performance of fallers, even before their first fall occurs. This study suggests that temporal variability and mean spatial parameters of gait are the only functional components among the 92 measures tested that differentiate fallers from non-fallers, and could therefore show efficacy in clinical screening programmes for assessing risk of first-time falling. PMID:24898021

König, N.; Taylor, W. R.; Armbrecht, G.; Dietzel, R.; Singh, N. B.

2014-01-01

283

Effects of Remediation on Academic Success of First-Time-in-College Female African Americans in a Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, remedial education has been extensively used in higher education and studied as an effective tool to help overcome the challenge of student unpreparedness. While previous studies on remedial education addressed the academic failure of students, this study focuses on academic success of African American females. This causal-comparative…

Jean-Francois, Francisse

2013-01-01

284

Decedent Data Page The Decedent Data page is used to add information about a student's death.  

E-print Network

's death. Navigation Campus Community ­ Personal Information (Student) ­ Biographical (Student)­ Personal Attributes ­ Decedent Data Fields Date of Death Enter the student's date of death. You can enter either the official date of death or the date on which OSU was notified of the death. When you enter a date and save

285

Monitoring gas temperatures entering an MHD superheater  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A line reversal system used to continuously monitor gas temperature entering the first superheater test module at the U.S. DOE Coal Fluid Flow Facility is described. Problems of implementing thermocouple probes and the line reversal technique for the 1480-1539K (2200-2300 F) gas temperature regime and the harsh physical environment are discussed. Evidence of large, rapid variations in the gas transmissivity is presented. Line reversal temperatures are compared with shielded-aspirated and bare thermocouple probe measurements.

Winkleman, B. C.; Foote, J. P.; Giel, T. V.

286

[The catheter microenterostomy for the enteral feeding].  

PubMed

The main group of patients consisted of 32 patients, whom the catheter microenterostomy were used for the feeding. The control group (n=36) received the feeding through the nasointestinal double-channel transnasal combined tube. The first device proved to have minimal negative influence on the quality of life, permitting, at the same time, adequate enteral feeding, minimal frequency of lung complications and decrease of the hospital stay. PMID:22678442

Kuznetsov, N A; Lukanin, D V; Oganesian, K S; Tonoian, A A

2012-01-01

287

Sustaining Retention of Nontraditional Students in the Geosciences in 2YC; Practices and Ideas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the role of 2YC (two-year colleges/community colleges) changes in the academic pipeline of higher education new practices and ideas to engage and retain students in the geosciences at the 2YC level need to be explored. 2YC typically have a student body composed of non-traditional students ranging from second career students, single parents, students with disabilities, seniors, and minorities. Currently, 2YCs serve 44% of all undergraduate students and 45% of all of all first time freshmen in the US. These statistics show the potential community colleges hold to encourage entering students to the STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Math) fields as a possible career choice. But the reality is the number of STEM degrees awarded at community colleges has not followed the same trends in student enrollment. Over the past four years El Paso Community College (EPCC) in conjunction with The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) has implemented several initiatives in our effort to increase the number of Geological Science majors at EPCC and to ensure a successful transition to UTEP. These efforts are aimed to decrease attrition rates of science majors by; articulating degree plans between institutions, introduce field-based research projects to allow hands on experience for students, develop a working relationship between students and university faculty, diversify geology courses offered at EPCC, and strengthening the educational-bridge between the geological science departments of EPCC and UTEP through the aid of federally funded programs. The success of the these efforts have been seen by; the increase in geology majors in our A.S. degree program, the number of degrees conferred at EPCC, the successful transition of students to UTEP, and graduation of students from UTEP with advanced degrees.

Villalobos, J. I.; Doser, D. I.

2012-12-01

288

Three successive cases of enteric anisakiasis.  

PubMed

Enteric anisakiasis is relatively rare, and the preoperative diagnosis is difficult. We report 3 cases of enteric anisakiasis: 1 was confirmed by operation, and the other 2 cases were suspected by the patient history. The 1st patient was a 48-year-old female presenting with abdominal pain. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed a dilated small intestine and accumulation of ascites. We performed partial resection of the small intestine, and an Anisakis nematode was found on the wall of the resected bowel. After surgery, the detailed history revealed that the patient consumed a raw sardine with vinegar and miso, fermented soybean paste. Three days after her operation, 2 men presenting with abdominal pain visited the hospital, and computed tomography scans of the patients showed dilated small intestines and accumulation of ascites. By taking patient histories, we found that both of them consumed sardines with vinegar and miso, and both were given conservative treatment with fasting and transfusion. By the experience of the 1st case, we could diagnose the following 2 cases as having enteric anisakiasis. In conclusion, the possibility of anisakiasis should be considered in patients with abdominal pain after ingesting raw fish, especially when intestinal obstruction is suspected. PMID:17541267

Ishida, Masaharu; Harada, Akihiko; Egawa, Shinichi; Watabe, Shuichi; Ebina, Nobuo; Unno, Michiaki

2007-01-01

289

Enteral nutrition in dementia: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the role of enteral nutrition in dementia. The prevalence of dementia is predicted to rise worldwide partly due to an aging population. People with dementia may experience both cognitive and physical complications that impact on their nutritional intake. Malnutrition and weight loss in dementia correlates with cognitive decline and the progress of the disease. An intervention for long term eating difficulties is the provision of enteral nutrition through a Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy tube to improve both nutritional parameters and quality of life. Enteral nutrition in dementia has traditionally been discouraged, although further understanding of physical, nutritional and quality of life outcomes are required. The following electronic databases were searched: EBSCO Host, MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Google Scholar for publications from 1st January 2008 and up to and including 1st January 2014. Inclusion criteria included the following outcomes: mortality, aspiration pneumonia, pressure sores, nutritional parameters and quality of life. Each study included separate analysis for patients with a diagnosis of dementia and/or neurological disease. Retrospective and prospective observational studies were included. No differences in mortality were found for patients with dementia, without dementia or other neurological disorders. Risk factors for poor survival included decreased or decreasing serum albumin levels, increasing age or over 80 years and male gender. Evidence regarding pneumonia was limited, although did not impact on mortality. No studies explored pressure sores or quality of life. PMID:25854831

Brooke, Joanne; Ojo, Omorogieva

2015-01-01

290

Anorectal and Enteric Infections in Homosexual Men  

PubMed Central

Homosexual men are at increased risk for traditional sexually transmitted anorectal infections (gonorrhea, syphilis, venereal warts, herpes and chlamydial infection) and enteric infections characterized by a low infecting inoculum (hepatitis A and B, amebiasis, giardiasis, shigellosis and campylobacteriosis). Infections account for most of the gastrointestinal symptoms in homosexual men seen at sexually transmitted disease clinics, but asymptomatic and polymicrobial infections are also common. Distinguishing three syndromes—proctitis, proctocolitis and enteritis—is clinically useful because these syndromes correlate with specific microorganisms and modes of transmission. A careful anoscopic examination, rectal Gram's stain, cultures for gonorrhea and chlamydia, VDRL and darkfield examination of suspicious lesions should be routinely done when sexually active homosexual men present with unexplained gastrointestinal symptoms. Based on the history, physical examination and initial laboratory studies, patients can usually be classified as having proctitis, proctocolitis or enteritis. This distinction facilitates selection of both confirmatory diagnostic tests and antimicrobial therapy. The effectiveness of empiric treatment regimens for asymptomatic sexual contacts or for symptomatic patients in whom microbiological tests are pending has not been studied. PMID:3839333

Rompalo, Anne M.; Stamm, Walter E.

1985-01-01

291

[ESPEN guidelines on enteral nutrition--summary].  

PubMed

Under the auspices of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) clinical practice guidelines were systematically developed by 88 experts from 20 different countries between spring 2004 and winter 2005 in a predefined evidence and consensus based process. Evidence was gathered by a structured literature search, and the quality and strength of the evidence was graded according to published standards. On this basis recommendations were formulated which were then finalised in a consensus conference. The recommendations and their grades were summarized in table form. The German translation of these tables is now published for the following chapters: Intensive care, surgery including organ transplantation, non-surgical oncology, gastroenterology, pancreas, liver disease, adult renal failure, cardiology and pulmonology, wasting in HIV and chronic infectious diseases, geriatrics. The full text and the comments are available in ,,Clinical Nutrition" as well as on the internet under www.espen.org and www.dgem.de. The ESPEN guidelines enteral nutrition reflect the current medical knowledge in the field of enteral nutrition therapy and may help to decide when enteral nutrition is indicated and which therapeutic goals can be reached. PMID:16995289

Schütz, T; Valentini, L; Herbst, B; Lochs, H

2006-08-01

292

The manufacture and characterisation of hot-melt extruded enteric tablets.  

PubMed

The aim of this highly novel study was to use hot-melt extrusion technology as an alternative process to enteric coating. In so doing, oral dosage forms displaying enteric properties may be produced in a continuous, rapid process, providing significant advantages over traditional pharmaceutical coating technology. Eudragit L100-55, an enteric polymer, was pre-plasticized with triethyl citrate (TEC) and citric acid and subsequently dry-mixed with 5-aminosalicylic acid, a model active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), and an optional gelling agent (PVP K30 or Carbopol 971P). Powder blends were hot-melt extruded as cylinders, cut into tablets and characterised using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dissolution testing conducted in both pH 1.2 and pH 6.8 buffers. Increasing the concentration of TEC significantly lowered the glass transition temperature (Tg) of Eudragit L100-55 and reduced temperatures necessary for extrusion as well as the die pressure. Moreover, citric acid (17% w/w) was shown to act as a solid-state plasticizer. HME tablets showed excellent gastro-resistance, whereas milled extrudates compressed into tablets released more than 10% w/w of the API in acidic media. Drug release from HME tablets was dependent upon the concentration of TEC, the presence of citric acid, PVP K30, and Carbopol 971P in the matrix, and pH of the dissolution media. The inclusion of an optional gelling agent significantly reduced the erosion of the matrix and drug release rate at pH 6.8; however, the enteric properties of the matrix were lost due to the formation of channels within the tablet. Consequently this work is both timely and highly innovative and identifies for the first time a method of producing an enteric matrix tablet using a continuous hot-melt extrusion process. PMID:18164604

Andrews, Gavin P; Jones, David S; Diak, Osama Abu; McCoy, Colin P; Watts, Alan B; McGinity, James W

2008-05-01

293

AZW-LA-II White Paint on Swift: Lessons Learned from First Time Flying on Spacecraft Radiators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AZ-Tek's AZW-LA-II low solar absorptance white paint was previously flown as a flight experiment, and is being flown as a calorimeter. However it has never been flown as a thermal coating of radiators on an operational spacecraft before. This paint has the lowest solar absorptance among all white paints, and a very small degradation. Its cost is many times more expensive than white paints that have a higher solar absorptance. To meet the thermal requirements of the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) Detector Array and X-Ray Telescope (XRT) focal plane camera assembly (FPCA) charged coupled device (CCD), AZW-LA-II is used as the thermal coating for the BAT and XRT radiators. This paper presents the lessons learned from flying this low solar absorptance white paint as a thermal coating of radiators on an operational spacecraft for the first time.

Choi, Michael K.

2004-01-01

294

Nighttime Breastfeeding Behavior Is Associated with More Nocturnal Sleep among First-Time Mothers at One Month Postpartum  

PubMed Central

Study Objective: To describe sleep duration and quality in the first month postpartum and compare the sleep of women who exclusively breastfed at night to those who used formula. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal study in a predominantly low-income and ethnically diverse sample of 120 first-time mothers. Both objective and subjective measures of sleep were obtained using actigraphy, diary, and self-report data. Measures were collected in the last month of pregnancy and at one month postpartum. Infant feeding diaries were used to group mothers by nighttime breastfeeding behavior. Results: Mothers who used at least some formula at night (n = 54) and those who breastfed exclusively (n = 66) had similar sleep patterns in late pregnancy. However, there was a significant group difference in nocturnal sleep at one month postpartum as measured by actigraphy. Total nighttime sleep was 386 ± 66 minutes for the exclusive breastfeeding group and 356 ± 67 minutes for the formula group. The groups did not differ with respect to daytime sleep, wake after sleep onset (sleep fragmentation), or subjective sleep disturbance at one month postpartum. Conclusion: Women who breastfed exclusively averaged 30 minutes more nocturnal sleep than women who used formula at night, but measures of sleep fragmentation did not differ. New mothers should be encouraged to breastfeed exclusively since breastfeeding may promote sleep during postpartum recovery. Further research is needed to better understand how infant feeding method affects maternal sleep duration and fragmentation. Citation: Doan T; Gay CL; Kennedy HP; Newman J; Lee KA. Nighttime breastfeeding behavior is associated with more nocturnal sleep among first-time mothers at one month postpartum. J Clin Sleep Med 2014;10(3):313-319. PMID:24634630

Doan, Therese; Gay, Caryl L.; Kennedy, Holly P.; Newman, Jack; Lee, Kathryn A.

2014-01-01

295

Generation of Live Piglets from Cryopreserved Oocytes for the First Time Using a Defined System for In Vitro Embryo Production  

PubMed Central

We report the successful piglet production from cryopreserved oocytes for the first time by using a simple, high capacity vitrification protocol for preservation and a defined system for in vitro embryo production. Immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from prepubertal gilts were vitrified in microdrops and stored in liquid nitrogen. After warming, COCs were subjected to in vitro maturation (IVM), fertilization (IVF), and subsequent culture (IVC). Adjusting warmplate temperature to 42°C during warming prevented temperature drops in a medium below 34.0°C and significantly increased the percentage of oocyte survival and thus blastocyst yields obtained from total vitrified oocytes compared with that of warming at 38°C (87.1% vs 66.9% and 4.4% vs 2.7%, respectively). Nuclear maturation and fertilization of oocytes were not affected by vitrification and warming temperature. Blastocyst development on day 7 (day 0?=?IVF) of the surviving oocytes after warming at 38°C and 42°C was not different but lower (P<0.05) than those of non-vitrified control oocytes (4.6%, 5.2% and 17.9%, respectively). However, blastocyst cell numbers in the control and vitrified groups were similar irrespective of warming temperature. Omitting porcine follicular fluid (pFF) from IVM medium (POM) did not affect maturation, fertilization and embryo development of vitrified-warmed oocytes. Transfer of blastocysts obtained on day 5 from vitrified oocytes matured either with or without pFF into 4 recipients (2 for each group) resulted in 4 pregnancies and the delivery of a total of 18 piglets. In conclusion, optimization of warming temperature was a key factor for achieving high survival rates, and surviving oocytes could be utilized in vitro using defined media. Using these modifications, live piglets could be obtained from cryopreserved oocytes for the first time. PMID:24844283

Somfai, Tamás; Yoshioka, Koji; Tanihara, Fuminori; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Noguchi, Junko; Kashiwazaki, Naomi; Nagai, Takashi; Kikuchi, Kazuhiro

2014-01-01

296

Characterization of First-Time Hospitalizations in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in the REVEAL Registry  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Hospitalization is an important outcome in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), shown previously to correlate with survival. Using the Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-term PAH Disease Management (REVEAL Registry), we sought to characterize first-time hospitalizations and their effect on subsequent hospitalization and survival in patients with newly diagnosed disease. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PAH (n = 862, World Health Organization group 1) were evaluated for first-time hospitalization. The hospitalizations were categorized as PAH related or PAH unrelated based on the case report form. Categories for PAH-related and PAH-unrelated hospitalization were defined before independent review. Patient demographics and disease characteristics are described as well as freedom from hospitalization and survival. RESULTS: Of 862 patients, 490 (56.8%) had one or more hospitalizations postenrollment: 257 (52.4%) PAH related, 214 (43.7%) PAH unrelated, and 19 (3.9%) of undetermined causes. The most common causes of PAH-related hospitalization were congestive heart failure and placement/removal of a central venous catheter. Patients with PAH-related hospitalizations were more likely to receive parenteral therapy, be in functional class III/IV, and have higher risk scores before hospitalization at enrollment. Following discharge, 25.4% ± 3.2% and 31.0% ± 4.0% of patients with PAH-related and PAH-unrelated first hospitalization, respectively, remained hospitalization-free for 3 years (P = .11). Survival estimates at 3 years postdischarge were 56.8% ± 3.5% and 67.8% ± 3.6% (P = .037) for patients with PAH-related and PAH-unrelated hospitalization, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In the REVEAL Registry, PAH-related hospitalization was associated with relatively more rehospitalizations and worse survival at 3 years. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00370214; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov PMID:24901386

Long, Pamela K.; Shah, Monarch R.; McGoon, Michael D.; Miller, Dave P.; Romero, Alain J.; Benton, Wade W.; Safford, Robert E.

2014-01-01

297

Prediction of enteric methane emissions from cattle.  

PubMed

Agriculture has a key role in food production worldwide and it is a major component of the gross domestic product of several countries. Livestock production is essential for the generation of high quality protein foods and the delivery of foods in regions where animal products are the main food source. Environmental impacts of livestock production have been examined for decades, but recently emission of methane from enteric fermentation has been targeted as a substantial greenhouse gas source. The quantification of methane emissions from livestock on a global scale relies on prediction models because measurements require specialized equipment and may be expensive. The predictive ability of current methane emission models remains poor. Moreover, the availability of information on livestock production systems has increased substantially over the years enabling the development of more detailed methane prediction models. In this study, we have developed and evaluated prediction models based on a large database of enteric methane emissions from North American dairy and beef cattle. Most probable models of various complexity levels were identified using a Bayesian model selection procedure and were fitted under a hierarchical setting. Energy intake, dietary fiber and lipid proportions, animal body weight and milk fat proportion were identified as key explanatory variables for predicting emissions. Models here developed substantially outperformed models currently used in national greenhouse gas inventories. Additionally, estimates of repeatability of methane emissions were lower than the ones from the literature and multicollinearity diagnostics suggested that prediction models are stable. In this context, we propose various enteric methane prediction models which require different levels of information availability and can be readily implemented in national greenhouse gas inventories of different complexity levels. The utilization of such models may reduce errors associated with prediction of methane and allow a better examination and representation of policies regulating emissions from cattle. PMID:24259373

Moraes, Luis E; Strathe, Anders B; Fadel, James G; Casper, David P; Kebreab, Ermias

2014-07-01

298

Prevention of Enteric Erosion by Vascular Prostheses  

PubMed Central

Aortoenteric fistula is an uncommon but disastrous complication of aortic reconstruction with a prosthetic graft. Prevention of enteric erosion when using a vascular prosthesis must be a foremost consideration. For these occasions, greater omentum may be used to cover the graft. However, when use of the greater omentum is not possible, the interposition of a prosthetic patch is a means of preventing duodenal erosion. We review the usual procedures for reperitonealization and report on an original method of using a prosthetic patch to prevent erosion. Images PMID:15226935

Deriu, Giovanni Paolo; Ballotta, Enzo

1982-01-01

299

Eosinophilic enteritis: a rare cause of diarrhoea.  

PubMed

We report a case of a healthy young man presenting with 1-week history of diarrhoea, acute abdominal pain and weight loss. Laboratory investigation showed very high peripheral eosinophils levels. After exclusion of the other causes of eosinophilia, a histological bowel sample analysis revealed marked eosinophilic infiltration of a small bowel mucosal layer which confirmed the suspicion of eosinophilic enteritis. Unlike most of the described cases, this patient did not require any specific treatment. Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare and heterogeneous disease that is probably underdiagnosed in clinical practice because it requires a high degree of suspicion and an endoscopic biopsy for definite diagnosis. PMID:24081600

Lladó, Ana; Oliveira, João; Silva, Pedro; Pinheiro, Sofia

2013-01-01

300

Entering Research: A Course That Creates Community and Structure for Beginning Undergraduate Researchers in the STEM Disciplines  

PubMed Central

Undergraduate research experiences have been shown to enhance the educational experience and retention of college students, especially those from underrepresented populations. However, many challenges still exist relative to building community among students navigating large institutions. We developed a novel course called Entering Research that creates a learning community to support beginning undergraduate researchers and is designed to parallel the Entering Mentoring course for graduate students, postdocs, and faculty serving as mentors of undergraduate researchers. The course serves as a model that can be easily adapted for use across the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines using a readily available facilitator's manual. Course evaluations and rigorous assessment show that the Entering Research course helps students in many ways, including finding a mentor, understanding their place in a research community, and connecting their research to their course work in the biological and physical sciences. Students in the course reported statistically significant gains in their skills, knowledge, and confidence as researchers compared with a control group of students, who also were engaged in undergraduate research but not enrolled in this course. In addition, the faculty and staff members who served as facilitators of the Entering Research course described their experience as rewarding and one they would recommend to their colleagues. PMID:20516356

Balster, Nicholas; Pfund, Christine; Rediske, Raelyn

2010-01-01

301

Pourquoi Entrer a l'Universite? L'exemple d'une Universtie de Lettres et Sciences Humaines. (Why Enter a University? An Example from a Liberal Arts College.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that the high dropout rate among first-year students in French universities is due in part to economic factors, which push some students into attending school when work is scarce. Differentiates between those who enter school to invest in the future and those who enter by default. (Contains 71 references.) (NB)

Canals, Valerie; Diebolt, Claude

2001-01-01

302

Early Enteral Nutrition for Burn Injury  

PubMed Central

Significance: Nutrition has been recognized as a critical component of acute burn care and ultimate wound healing. Debate remains over the appropriate timing of enteral nutrition and the benefit of supplemental trace elements, antioxidants, and immunonutrition for critically ill burn patients. Pharmacotherapy to blunt the metabolic response to burn injury plays a critical role in effective nutritional support. Recent Advances: Further evidence is demonstrating long-term benefits from pharmacologic immunomodulation given the prolonged metabolic response to injury that may last for over a year following the initial insult. Critical Issues: The majority of evidence regarding early enteral feeding comes from mixed populations and smaller studies. However, on balance, available evidence favors early feeding. Data regarding immunonutrition does not support the routine use of these products. Limited data regarding use of antioxidants and trace elements support their use. Future Directions: Further evaluation of anti-inflammatory mediators of the immune response, such as statins, will likely play a role in the future. Further data are needed on the dosing and route of micronutrients as well as the utility of immunonutrition. Finally, little is known about nutrition in the obese burn patient making this an important area for investigation. PMID:24761346

Mandell, Samuel P.; Gibran, Nicole S.

2014-01-01

303

Enteral tube feeding for dysphagic stroke patients.  

PubMed

Enteral feeding tubes, a nasogastric tube (NGT) or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), are commonly used to provide nutrition, hydration and essential medications to stroke patients who cannot swallow. Early tube feeding is associated with improved survival after stroke and it is recommended that patients start tube feeding within 24 hours of hospital admission. NGT feeding is the preferred method for short-term feeding in the acute phase of stroke as it has the advantage of being easily placed at the bedside. However, there are often difficulties inserting the NGT and it can be easily dislodged by agitated and confused patients, leading to potentially fatal complications. A PEG tube is considered a more secure method of feeding stroke patients who require longer-term nutritional support, but it is an invasive procedure that can result in complications that are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality after stroke. The aim of this article is to review the complications associated with enteral feeding tubes and discuss their prevention and management for stroke patients. PMID:25679242

Rowat, Anne

2015-02-12

304

Effect of lactoferrin on enteric pathogens  

PubMed Central

Much has been learned in recent years about the mechanisms by which breastfeeding improves child health and survival. However, there has been little progress in using these insights to improve pediatric care. Factors that are important for protecting the breast fed infant might be expected to decrease the adverse effects of weaning on diarrhea, growth, and development. Lactoferrin, an iron-binding protein with multiple physiological functions (anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory), is one of the most important proteins present in mammalian milk. Protection against gastroenteritis is the most likely biologically relevant activity of lactoferrin. Multiple in vitro and animal studies have shown a protective effect of lactoferrin on infections with enteric microorganisms, including rotavirus, Giardia, Shigella, Salmonella and the diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. Lactoferrin has two major effects on enteric pathogens: it inhibits growth and it impairs function of surface expressed virulence factors thereby decreasing their ability to adhere or to invade mammalian cells. Thus, lactoferrin may protect infants from gastrointestinal infection by preventing the attachment by enteropathogens in the gut. Recently several clinical trials in children have started to address this issue. Whether lactoferrin can prevent a significant portion of diarrheal disease remains to be determined. PMID:18472012

Ochoa, Theresa J.; Cleary, Thomas G.

2008-01-01

305

INACTIVATION OF ENTERIC PATHOGENS DURING AEROBIC DIGESTION OF WASTEWATER SLUDGE  

EPA Science Inventory

The effects of aerobic and anaerobic digestion on enteric viruses, enteric bacteria, total aerobic bacteria, and intestinal parasites were studied under laboratory and field conditions. Under laboratory conditions, the temperature of the sludge digestion was the major factor infl...

306

Student Survey Items (Survey names listed in blue)  

E-print Network

by Topical Area: Admissions Berea-Specific Entering Survey, Fall Term First-Year Students and New Transfers community? Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), Entering Fall Term Students 2010 transfer students) Education Opportunity Center Educational Talent Search Upward Bound Upward Bound

Baltisberger, Jay H.

307

Factors influencing the quality of intimate relationships six months after delivery--first-time parents' own views and coping strategies.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to describe and analyze first-time parents' experiences of factors that affect the quality of their intimate relationship and the way they cope with their situation six months after delivery. The method used was inductive qualitative content analysis of two open questions in a larger questionnaire. The data is based on 535 respondents' statements. The factors affecting the quality of the intimate relationship were available or missing and could be classified into four categories. 1. 'Coping by adjustment to parental role', e.g., mutual support as new parents, 2. 'The couple's 'intimacy', i.e., togetherness and love, 3. 'Coping by communication', i.e., verbal and non-verbal mutual confirmation, and 4. 'Coping with external conditions', e.g., by seeking social support. The results are described in a model, which could constitute a basis for the promotion of health in family health care, with the aim, if possible, of preventing unnecessary separations/divorces after couples become parents. PMID:17214451

Ahlborg, Tone; Strandmark, Margaretha

2006-09-01

308

How much does Low Socioeconomic Status Increase the Risk of Prenatal and Postpartum Depressive Symptoms in First Time Mothers?  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine socioeconomic status (SES) as a risk factor for depressive symptoms in late pregnancy and the early postpartum period. A secondary objective was to determine whether SES was a specific risk factor for elevated postpartum depressive symptoms beyond its contribution to prenatal depressive symptoms. Design Quantitative, secondary analysis, repeated measures, descriptive design. Setting Participants were recruited from paid childbirth classes serving upper middle class women and Medicaid-funded hospitals serving low-income clients in Northern California. Participants A sample of 198 first time mothers was assessed for depressive symptoms in their third trimester of pregnancy and at one, two, and three months postpartum. Main Outcome Measure Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale. Results Low SES was associated with increased depressive symptoms in late pregnancy and at 2 and 3 months, but not at 1 month postpartum. Women with four SES risk factors (low monthly income, less than a college education, unmarried, unemployed) were 11 times more likely than women with no SES risk factors to have clinically elevated depression scores at 3 months postpartum, even after controlling for the level of prenatal depressive symptoms. Conclusion Although new mothers from all SES strata are at risk for postpartum depression, SES factors including low education, low income, being unmarried, and being unemployed increased the risk of developing postpartum depressive symptoms in this sample. PMID:20133153

Goyal, Deepika; Gay, Caryl; Lee, Kathryn A.

2009-01-01

309

Determining Minimum Cognitive Scores for the First-Time Academic Achievement Success on the Education Doctoral Comprehensive Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This purpose of the present study was to estimate minimum admission requirements using cognitive measures that will maximize candidate success on the doctoral comprehensive examination. Moreover, the present study established minimum scores on the Graduate Record Examinations (verbal and quantitative components) that will maximize doctoral student…

Cavil, Jafus Kenyatta

2009-01-01

310

PREGNANT FIELD STUDENTS' GUILT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined guilt feelings among social work students who were pregnant for the first time during field work training. Semi-structured interviews were conducted either in the 9th month (n=5) or 2—12 months after delivery (n=5). Content analysis revealed 6 main triggers, illustrated by excerpts, which stimulated field students' guilt feelings. Discussion of the results focused on the types of

Nehami Baum

2006-01-01

311

30 CFR 77.1502 - Auger holes; restriction against entering.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Auger holes; restriction against entering. 77...MINES Auger Mining § 77.1502 Auger holes; restriction against entering. No person shall be permitted to enter an auger hole except with the approval of the...

2010-07-01

312

STUDENT ORIENTATION CHECK-LIST It is a campus requirement that each Student that works in your department receive the appropriate and  

E-print Network

STUDENT ORIENTATION CHECK-LIST It is a campus requirement that each Student that works in your. The Student Employment Program has a mission to enhance the student life of the student by on the job training and a professional experience. This may be the first time the student steps into a work environment and here

Yang, Eui-Hyeok

313

Two-Year College Students' Degree Aspirations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares the educational aspirations of college freshmen students in public and private two-year colleges around the nation. Surveying a sample of over 13,000 first-time, full-time students from a national database elicited the following results: about half of students at public and private two year colleges aspired to obtain the…

Laanan, Frankie Santos

314

NATIONAL PRESS RELEASE I PARIS I 3 August 2014 The structure of a serotonin receptor has been completely deciphered for the first time using  

E-print Network

the target receptors for antidepressants (such as valium) or general anesthetic agents. For the first time types of depression). 1 In the pharmaceutical industry, drugs are usually obtained by screening: large

van Tiggelen, Bart

315

Gastric emptying of enteric-coated tablets  

SciTech Connect

To evaluate the gastric emptying time of pharmaceutical dosage forms in a clinical setting, a relatively simple dual-radionuclide technique was developed. Placebo tablets of six different combinations of shape and size were labeled with indium-111 DTPA and enteric coated. Six volunteers participated in a single-blind and crossover study. Tablets were given in the morning of a fasting stomach with 6 oz of water containing /sup 99m/Tc pertechnetate and continuously observed with a gamma camera. A scintigraph was obtained each minute. The results suggested that the size, shape, or volume of the tablet used in this study had no significant effect in the rate of gastric emptying. The tablets emptied erratically and unpredictably, depending upon their time of arrival in the stomach in relation to the occurrence of interdigestive myoelectric contractions. The method described is a relatively simple and accurate technique to allow one to follow the gastric emptying of tablets.

Park, H.M.; Chernish, S.M.; Rosenek, B.D.; Brunelle, R.L.; Hargrove, B.; Wellman, H.N.

1984-03-01

316

Epizootic necrotic enteritis in wild geese.  

PubMed

Outbreaks of a disease characterized by severe necrotic enteritis occurred among Canada geese (Branta canadensis), lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens), Ross' geese (A. rossi), and white-fronted geese (A. albifrons) on lakes in Saskatchewan and Manitoba during the autumn of 1983, 1984 and 1985. Ducks using the lakes were apparently not affected. Lesions in the geese closely resembled those described in enteritides in other species associated with the proliferation of Clostridium perfringens in the small intestine. Clostridium perfringens was present in large numbers in the affected areas of the intestine of the geese; other pathogens were not identified. It is hypothesized that an abrupt change in diet as geese begin to feed on grain disrupts the intestinal microflora, allowing C. perfringens to proliferate in the upper small intestine. Toxins produced by the bacteria then cause mucosal necrosis. Protease-inhibitory substances in some grains might also have a role in the disease. PMID:3625893

Wobeser, G; Rainnie, D J

1987-07-01

317

Impact of steroid maintenance on the outcomes in first-time deceased donor kidney transplant recipients: Analysis by induction type  

PubMed Central

AIM: To analyze the impact of steroid maintenance on the outcomes in kidney transplant recipients stratified by induction agent received. METHODS: Patients who underwent first-time deceased donor kidney transplantation between 2000 and 2008 after receiving induction therapy with rabbit-antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG), alemtuzumab or an interleukin-2 receptor blocker (IL-2B) and discharged on a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)/mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-regimen along with or without steroids were identified from the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network/United Network of Organ Sharing database. For each induction type, adjusted overall and death-censored graft as well as patient survivals were compared between patients discharged on steroid vs no steroid. Among r-ATG induced patients, analysis was repeated after splitting the group into low and high immune risk groups. RESULTS: Among the 37217 patients included in the analysis, 17863 received r-ATG (steroid = 13001, no-steroid = 4862), 3028 alemtuzumab (steroid = 852, no-steroid = 2176) and 16326 IL-2B (steroid = 15008, no-steroid = 1318). Adjusted overall graft survival was inferior (HR = 1.16, 95%CI: 1.06-1.27, P = 0.002) with similar death-censored graft survival (HR = 0.99, 95%CI: 0.86-1.14, P = 0.86) for steroid vs no-steroid groups in r-ATG induced patients. Both adjusted overall and death-censored graft survivals for steroid vs no-steroid groups were similar in alemtuzumab (HR = 0.92, 95%CI: 0.73-1.15, P = 0.47 and HR = 0.87, 95%CI: 0.62-1.22, P = 0.43 respectively) and IL-2B (HR = 1.05, 95%CI: 0.91-1.21, P = 0.48 and HR = 0.94, 95%CI: 0.75-1.18, P = 0.60 respectively) induced groups. Adjusted patient survivals were inferior for steroid vs no-steroid groups in r-ATG induced (HR = 1.31, 95%CI: 1.15-1.49, P < 0.001) but similar in alemtuzumab (HR = 1.02, 95%CI: 0.75-1.38, P = 0.92) and IL-2B (HR = 1.17, 95%CI: 0.97-1.40, P = 0.10) induced patients. Among the r-ATG induced group there were 4346 patients in the low immune risk and 13517 patients in the high immune risk group. Adjusted overall graft survivals were inferior for steroid vs no steroid groups in both low immune (HR = 1.34, 95%CI: 1.09-1.64, P = 0.001) and high immune (HR = 1.18, 95%CI: 1.07-1.30, P = 0.005) risk groups. Adjusted death-censored graft survivals for steroid vs no steroid groups were similar in both low (HR = 1.06, 95%CI: 0.78-1.45, P = 0.70) and high (HR = 1.04, 95%CI: 0.98-1.20, P = 0.60) immune risk groups. Adjusted patient survivals were inferior for steroid vs no steroid groups in both low immune (HR = 1.54, 95%CI: 1.18-2.02, P < 0.001) and high immune (HR = 1.32, 95%CI: 1.16-1.51, P = 0.002) risk groups. Overall, there were significantly higher deaths from infections and cardiovascular causes in patients maintained on steroids. CONCLUSION: Our study showed an association between steroid addition to a CNI/MMF-maintenance regimen and increased death with functioning graft in patients receiving r-ATG induction for first-time deceased donor kidney transplantation. PMID:25346892

Sureshkumar, Kalathil K; Hussain, Sabiha M; Thai, Ngoc L; Ko, Tina Y; Nashar, Khaled; Marcus, Richard J

2014-01-01

318

Survival of enteric viruses on environmental fomites.  

PubMed Central

The survival of human enteric viruses on several porous (paper and cotton cloth) and nonporous (aluminum, china, glazed tile, latex, and polystyrene) environmental surfaces has been evaluated. Viruses persisted for extended periods on several types of materials commonly found in institutions and domestic environments. The stability of the viruses was generally influenced by environmental factors such as relative humidity (RH), temperature, and the type of surface contaminated. Overall, hepatitis A virus (HAV) and human rotavirus (HRV) were more resistant to inactivation than enteric adenovirus (ADV) and poliovirus (PV). The resistance to the desiccation step appears to be of major significance in determining the survival of a virus dried on fomites. ADV and PV showed a pronounced decrease in titer at this stage, whereas HAV and HRV displayed little decay at the desiccation step. HAV and HRV persistence was not affected by the presence of fecal material. On nonporous surfaces, PV and ADV persisted better in the presence of feces. However, on porous fomites the presence of fecal material had a negative influence on the survival of PV and ADV. Except for HRV, greater virus survival was observed at 4 degrees than at 20 degrees C. PV and HAV survival was enhanced at high RH; the survival of the latter was enhanced at least for nonporous materials. When dried on porous materials, HRV also exhibited greater persistence at high RH. The survival of ADV was not affected by RH. The validity of using bacteriophages of Bacteroides fragilis as indicators of human viruses dried on fomites was evaluated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7986043

Abad, F X; Pintó, R M; Bosch, A

1994-01-01

319

Depuration of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) and Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Breast Milk from California First-Time Mothers (Primiparae)  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about the rates of loss (depuration) of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from mothers during lactation. Depuration rates affect infant exposure to chemicals during breast-feeding, and fetal and lactational transfers during subsequent pregnancies. Objective Our objective in this study was to estimate depuration rates of PBDEs and PCBs using serial samples of breast milk. Method Nine first-time mothers (primiparae) each collected samples at 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 weeks after birth. Nine additional primiparae each collected two samples at varying time intervals (18 to > 85 weeks after birth). Analytical precision was assessed to evaluate the accuracy of measured monthly percentage declines in PBDEs and PCBs. Results The four major PBDE congeners decreased 2 or 3% ± 1% per month over the 6-month period. These decreases were consistent over a 50-fold range (21–1,330 ng/g lipid weight) of initial PBDE concentrations in breast milk. The change in PCB-153 ranged from + 0.3% to –0.6% per month, with heterogeneous slopes and greater intraindividual variability. PBDE and PCB concentrations declined 1% per month over longer periods (up to 136 weeks). Conclusions Our data indicate that PBDEs and PCBs are not substantially (4–18%) reduced in primiparae after 6 months of breast-feeding. Consequently, the fetal and lactational exposures for a second child may not be markedly lower than those for the first. Participants were volunteers from a larger study population (n = 82), and were typical in their PBDE/PCB levels and in many demographic and lifestyle factors. These similarities suggest that our results may have broader applicability. PMID:17805415

Hooper, Kim; She, Jianwen; Sharp, Margaret; Chow, Joan; Jewell, Nicholas; Gephart, Rosanne; Holden, Arthur

2007-01-01

320

Dosage Effect of Prenatal Home Visiting on Pregnancy Outcomes in At-Risk, First-Time Mothers  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Home visiting programs seek to improve care management for women at high risk for preterm birth (<37 weeks). Our objective was to evaluate the effect of home visiting dosage on preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women in southwest Ohio with a singleton pregnancy enrolled in home visiting before 26 weeks’ gestation. Vital statistics and hospital discharge data were linked with home visiting data from 2007 to 2010 to ascertain birth outcomes. Eligibility for home visiting required ?1 of 4 risk factors: unmarried, low income, <18 years of age, or suboptimal prenatal care. Logistic regression tested the association of gestational age at enrollment and number of home visits before 26 weeks with preterm birth. Proportional hazards analysis tested the association of total number of home visits with SGA status. RESULTS: Among 441 participants enrolled by 26 weeks, 10.9% delivered preterm; 17.9% of infants were born SGA. Mean gestational age at enrollment was 18.9 weeks; mean number of prenatal home visits was 8.2. In multivariable regression, ?8 completed visits by 26 weeks compared with ?3 visits was associated with an odds ratio 0.38 for preterm birth (95% confidence interval: 0.16–0.87), while having ?12 total home visits compared with ?3 visits was significantly associated with a hazards ratio 0.32 for SGA (95% confidence interval: 0.15–0.68). CONCLUSIONS: Among at-risk, first time mothers enrolled prenatally in home visiting, higher dosage of intervention is associated with reduced likelihood of adverse pregnancy outcomes. PMID:24187113

Hall, Eric S.; Meinzen-Derr, Jareen K.; Kahn, Robert S.; Short, Jodie A.; Van Ginkel, Judith B.; Ammerman, Robert T.

2013-01-01

321

Risk factors for a first-time drink-driving conviction among young men: A birth cohort study of all men born in Denmark in 1966  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a complete birth cohort of all young men born in 1966 in Denmark (N = 43,403), the prevalence of a first-time drink-driving conviction among young men is estimated. More than 7% of the total male birth cohort was so convicted before the age of 27 years. In an examination of risk factors for a first-time drink-driving conviction, young adults

Mogens Nygaard Christoffersen; Keith Soothill; Brian Francis

2008-01-01

322

Enteral ecoimmunonutrition reduced enteral permeability and serum ghrelin activity in severe cerebral stroke patients with lung infection.  

PubMed

The study analyzed how enteral ecoimmunonutrition, which comprises probiotics, glutamine, fish oil, and Enteral Nutritional Suspension (TPF), can impact on the enteral permeability and serum Ghrelin activity in severe cerebral stroke patients with lung infection. Among 190 severe cerebral stroke patients with tolerance to TPF, they were randomized into control and treatment groups after antibiotics treatment due to lung infections. There were 92 patients in the control group and 98 patients in treatment group. The control group was treated with TPF and the treatment group was treated with enteral ecoimmunonutrition, which comprises probiotics, glutamine, fish oil, and Enteral Nutritional Suspension. All patients received continuous treatments through nasoenteral or nasogastric tubes. 7, 14, and 21 days after the treatments, the enteral tolerance to nutrition was observed in both groups. The tests included abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, and lactulose/mannitol (L/M) ratio. Serum Ghrelin levels were determined by ELISA. The incidence of abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea was lower in the treatment group and enteral tolerance to nutrition was also superior to the control group. No difference in serum Ghrelin level was observed between the control and treatment groups with enteral intolerance to nutrition. However, in patients with enteral tolerance to nutrition, the treatment group showed lower enteral nutrition and lower enteral permeability compared to the control group. In severe cerebral stroke patients with lung infection, enteral ecoimmunonutrition after antibiotics treatment improved enteral tolerance to nutrition and reduced enteral permeability; meanwhile, it lowered the serum Ghrelin activity, which implied the high serum Ghrelin reduces enteral permeability. PMID:25142270

Xu, Xiao-Di; Shao, Feng

2015-01-01

323

Adult Jewish Learners: Entering the Conversation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decade, the author has conducted research about the learning journeys of contemporary Jewish adults enriched by insights of adult education scholars and practitioners. While the author has benefited from the perspectives of colleagues, it is the burgeoning population of adult students that has most profoundly influenced her…

Schuster, Diane Tickton

2005-01-01

324

Staff use only Entered date _________ Staff Initials __________  

E-print Network

WILL BE ASSISTING: 3010-801 IPHY 3415-HUMAN ANATOMY LAB 3010-802 IPHY 3435-HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LAB 3010-804 IPHY 4540:/grad/controlled enrollment forms Updated 8 June 2007 UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER DEPARTMENT OF INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY IPHY 3010: TEACHING IN INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY The goal of the course is to give undergraduate students

Stowell, Michael

325

‘Inconvenient biology:’ advantages and disadvantages of first-time parenting after age 40 using in vitro fertilization  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND As ages at first birth have steadily risen in the industrial west over the last several decades, the phenomenon of ‘delayed childbearing’ has come under research scrutiny by demographers, medical specialists and social scientists. In this study, we specifically explore the perceived advantages and disadvantages of postponed conception as well as participants’ retrospective opinions on the ‘optimal age’ for parenting. METHODS To this end, we examined a cohort purposely chosen to epitomize delayed childbearing, i.e. men and women who used IVF to conceive at the very end of their reproductive capability. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted between 2009 and 2011 with 46 couples and 15 individual self-selected US women and men who had used IVF to conceive their first child when the woman was aged 40 or older at the time of delivery. Although the demographics of this cohort were consistent with others who use IVF in the USA, their median income was 3–4 times higher than that of the average US family, which may bias their largely positive parenting experiences. RESULTS Most women and men believed that childbearing later in life resulted in advantages for themselves and their families. These included having established careers with financial security and career-time flexibility, enhanced emotional preparedness, committed co-parenting relationships and a positive overall family experience. The main disadvantage was the unexpected difficulty in conceiving that culminated in the use of IVF and resulted in a smaller family than desired, although many expressed feeling ‘lucky’ to have children at all. Other disadvantages were lack of energy for parenting, less available lifetime to spend with children and anticipated stigma as older parents. CONCLUSIONS These disadvantages appear to have influenced conception and parenting experiences so that in hindsight the majority of participants identified the optimal age for first-time parenting as 5–10 years earlier than they had conceived. This age range was imagined to maximize the financial and emotional advantages of later parenting while minimizing the impact of age-related infertility, diminished energy, anticipated health issues and the social stigma of appearing too old to parent. PMID:22333985

Mac Dougall, K.; Beyene, Y.; Nachtigall, R.D.

2012-01-01

326

Note: Following information for degree-seeking students only. Fall 2011 First-Time First Year VT O/S Total  

E-print Network

%ile SAT-Critical Reading 590 540 640 SAT-Math 594 550 640 CR & Math Subtotal 1184 1100 1270 SAT-Writing, preeminent in our comprehensive commitment to liberal education, environment, health, and public service. Res. 634 104 ­­ 738 Nursing & Health Sci. 794 223 ­­ 1,017 Other 0 105 1,023 1,128 Total 10,459 1

Hayden, Nancy J.

327

Understanding the Impact of Academic Support Programs on First-Time Bar Passage for Students at the University of Idaho College of Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As racial and ethnic population changes occur in the United States these same changes should be reflected in the legal community of lawyers and judges. Although Black and Hispanic populations have been increasing over the past 30 years in the United States, this same proportionate increase has not occurred in the American Bar Association (ABA)…

Albertson, Helen

2013-01-01

328

[Enteral nutrition: reduction in the contamination risk].  

PubMed

Enteral nutrition is used as a routine therapy in patients with caloric-protein malnutrition, severe dysphagia, major burns, intestinal resection, and enterocutaneous fistulae, as long as a portion of the digestive tract still has an active absorptive function. The administration takes place by means of surgical (ostomies) or non-surgical (nasogastric) tubes. In our country, a significant number of hospitalized patients with various diseases receive this type of nutrition. Given that the colonization of the digestive tract by hospital flora is the first step towards developing intra-hospital infections, the contamination implies serious risks. The objective of this study was to study the most appropriate conditions for the manufacturing, storage and administration of the mixture of nutrients of enteral nutrition, to guarantee nutrition with a lower contamination risk. This study was conducted by the Unit of Nutritional Assistance of the Mater Dei Clinic, by means of bacteriological controls, from January 1991 to December 1992, and in 1993 in which the work systematics were reviewed. The study was prospective, and those solutions whose bacteriological counts were lower than 100.000 colony forming units (CFU), and which showed an absence of enteropathological micro-organisms, were considered acceptable, and those solutions which had a bacteriological count greater than or equal to 100.000 CFU and or the presence of enteropathological micro-organisms, were considered unacceptable. During the first period, "usual working conditions", we analyzed the infra-structure, the personnel, the constituents, and the apparatus used in the manufacturing, for which 36 samples were studied at t0 (moment of preparation). Afterwards, in the second period "special working conditions", we analyzed the manufacturing procedures, the storage and the administration of 103 solutions, corresponding to 36 patients, taking samples at t0 and t24 (after 24 hours of preparing). In the first phase, we found a 53% contamination. In the second phase, 99.03% of the solutions were within the limits of acceptability, and only 0.07% were unacceptable. We conclude that it is necessary to have access to a working area which meets the biosecurity norms, to use sterile technique in the preparation, to prefer pharmacologically sterile products for the preparation, to store the prepared mixture between 4 and 8 degrees C, and to keep it cooled during the administration. Lastly, we saw the need to continuously capacitate the nursing, dietary (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED) PMID:8695705

Montemerlo, H; Menéndez, A M; Marcenac, F; Floridia, J; Esteban, L; Barbaricca, M

1996-01-01

329

Measurement and prediction of enteric methane emission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the agricultural sector account for about 25.5% of total global anthropogenic emission. While CO2 receives the most attention as a factor relative to global warming, CH4, N2O and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) also cause significant radiative forcing. With the relative global warming potential of 25 compared with CO2, CH4 is one of the most important GHGs. This article reviews the prediction models, estimation methodology and strategies for reducing enteric CH4 emissions. Emission of CH4 in ruminants differs among developed and developing countries, depending on factors like animal species, breed, pH of rumen fluid, ratio of acetate:propionate, methanogen population, composition of diet and amount of concentrate fed. Among the ruminant animals, cattle contribute the most towards the greenhouse effect through methane emission followed by sheep, goats and buffalos, respectively. The estimated CH4 emission rate per cattle, buffaloe, sheep and goat in developed countries are 150.7, 137, 21.9 and 13.7 (g/animal/day) respectively. However, the estimated rates in developing countries are significantly lower at 95.9 and 13.7 (g/animal/day) per cattle and sheep, respectively. There exists a strong interest in developing new and improving the existing CH4 prediction models to identify mitigation strategies for reducing the overall CH4 emissions. A synthesis of the available literature suggests that the mechanistic models are superior to empirical models in accurately predicting the CH4 emission from dairy farms. The latest development in prediction model is the integrated farm system model which is a process-based whole-farm simulation technique. Several techniques are used to quantify enteric CH4 emissions starting from whole animal chambers to sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer techniques. The latest technology developed to estimate CH4 more accurately is the micrometeorological mass difference technique. Because the conditions under which animals are managed vary greatly by country, CH4 emissions reduction strategies must be tailored to country-specific circumstances. Strategies that are cost effective, improve productivity, and have limited potential negative effects on livestock production hold a greater chance of being adopted by producers. It is also important to evaluate CH4 mitigation strategies in terms of the total GHG budget and to consider the economics of various strategies. Although reductions in GHG emissions from livestock industries are seen as high priorities, strategies for reducing emissions should not reduce the economic viability of enterprises.

Sejian, Veerasamy; Lal, Rattan; Lakritz, Jeffrey; Ezeji, Thaddeus

2011-01-01

330

ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Pancreas.  

PubMed

The two major forms of inflammatory pancreatic diseases, acute and chronic pancreatitis, require different approaches in nutritional management, which are presented in the present guideline. This clinical practice guideline gives evidence-based recommendations for the use of ONS and TF in these patients. It was developed by an interdisciplinary expert group in accordance with officially accepted standards and is based on all relevant publications since 1985. The guideline was discussed and accepted in a consensus conference. In mild acute pancreatitis enteral nutrition (EN) has no positive impact on the course of disease and is only recommended in patients who cannot consume normal food after 5-7 days. In severe necrotising pancreatitis EN is indicated and should be supplemented by parenteral nutrition if needed. In the majority of patients continuous TF with peptide-based formulae is possible. The jejunal route is recommended if gastric feeding is not tolerated. In chronic pancreatitis more than 80% of patients can be treated adequately with normal food supplemented by pancreatic enzymes. 10-15% of all patients require nutritional supplements, and in approximately 5% tube feeding is indicated. PMID:16678943

Meier, R; Ockenga, J; Pertkiewicz, M; Pap, A; Milinic, N; Macfie, J; Löser, C; Keim, V

2006-04-01

331

ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Liver disease.  

PubMed

Enteral nutrition (EN) by means of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) and tube feeding (TF) offers the possibility to increase or to insure nutrient intake in case of insufficient oral food intake. The present guideline is intended to give evidence-based recommendations for the use of ONS and TF in patients with liver disease (LD). It was developed by an interdisciplinary expert group in accordance with officially accepted standards and is based on all relevant publications since 1985. The guideline was discussed and accepted in a consensus conference. EN by means of ONS is recommended for patients with chronic LD in whom undernutrition is very common. ONS improve nutritional status and survival in severely malnourished patients with alcoholic hepatitis. In patients with cirrhosis, TF improves nutritional status and liver function, reduces the rate of complications and prolongs survival. TF commenced early after liver transplantation can reduce complication rate and cost and is preferable to parenteral nutrition. In acute liver failure TF is feasible and used in the majority of patients. PMID:16707194

Plauth, M; Cabré, E; Riggio, O; Assis-Camilo, M; Pirlich, M; Kondrup, J; Ferenci, P; Holm, E; Vom Dahl, S; Müller, M J; Nolte, W

2006-04-01

332

ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Geriatrics.  

PubMed

Nutritional intake is often compromised in elderly, multimorbid patients. Enteral nutrition (EN) by means of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) and tube feeding (TF) offers the possibility to increase or to insure nutrient intake in case of insufficient oral food intake. The present guideline is intended to give evidence-based recommendations for the use of ONS and TF in geriatric patients. It was developed by an interdisciplinary expert group in accordance with officially accepted standards and is based on all relevant publications since 1985. The guideline was discussed and accepted in a consensus conference. EN by means of ONS is recommended for geriatric patients at nutritional risk, in case of multimorbidity and frailty, and following orthopaedic-surgical procedures. In elderly people at risk of undernutrition ONS improve nutritional status and reduce mortality. After orthopaedic-surgery ONS reduce unfavourable outcome. TF is clearly indicated in patients with neurologic dysphagia. In contrast, TF is not indicated in final disease states, including final dementia, and in order to facilitate patient care. Altogether, it is strongly recommended not to wait until severe undernutrition has developed, but to start EN therapy early, as soon as a nutritional risk becomes apparent. PMID:16735082

Volkert, D; Berner, Y N; Berry, E; Cederholm, T; Coti Bertrand, P; Milne, A; Palmblad, J; Schneider, St; Sobotka, L; Stanga, Z; Lenzen-Grossimlinghaus, R; Krys, U; Pirlich, M; Herbst, B; Schütz, T; Schröer, W; Weinrebe, W; Ockenga, J; Lochs, H

2006-04-01

333

ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Gastroenterology.  

PubMed

Undernutrition as well as specific nutrient deficiencies have been described in patients with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and short bowel syndrome (SBS). The present guideline gives evidence-based recommendations for the indication, application and type of formula of enteral nutrition (EN) (oral nutritional supplements (ONS) or tube feeding (TF)) in these patients. It was developed in an interdisciplinary consensus-based process in accordance with officially accepted standards and is based on all relevant publications since 1985. ONS and/or TF in addition to normal food is indicated in undernourished patients with CD or CU to improve nutritional status. In active CD EN is the first line therapy in children and should be used as sole therapy in adults mainly when treatment with corticosteroids is not feasible. No significant differences have been shown in the effects of free amino acid, peptide-based and whole protein formulae for TF. In remission ONS is recommended only in steroid dependent patients in CD. In patients with SBS TF should be introduced in the adaptation phase and should be changed with progressing adaptation to ONS in addition to normal food. PMID:16698129

Lochs, H; Dejong, C; Hammarqvist, F; Hebuterne, X; Leon-Sanz, M; Schütz, T; van Gemert, W; van Gossum, A; Valentini, L; Lübke, H; Bischoff, S; Engelmann, N; Thul, P

2006-04-01

334

General practitioners' and hospital physicians' preference for morphine or oxycodone as first-time choice for a strong opioid: a National Register-based study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to characterize first-time oxycodone and morphine prescriptions in outpatients by type of prescriber and naivety in regard to strong opioids. All prescriptions for morphine and oxycodone in Denmark reported to the National Register of Medicinal Product Statistics in 2010 were analysed. If a patient had not had a prescription filled for the same drug within the last 2 years, the prescription was defined as a first-time prescription. Patients who had not received a prescription for strong opioids for 6 months prior to the date of redemption were classified as strong opioid naive. The odds ratio (OR) was calculated to investigate whether general practitioners (GPs) and hospital physicians had similar preferences for oxycodone over morphine for strong opioid-naive patients. We included 69,110 first-time prescriptions, of which 59,316 (86%) were for strong opioid-naive patients. Opioid-naive patients received 79% of the first-time prescriptions for morphine and 91% of the prescriptions for oxycodone. Hospital physicians had a greater preference for oxycodone over morphine than GPs (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.29-1.39). However, GPs were responsible for approximately 61% of all first-time prescriptions for both oxycodone and morphine for strong opioid-naive patients. In conclusion, oxycodone is to a great extent prescribed as the first-choice strong opioid, and both GPs and hospital physicians seem to contribute to this prescribing pattern of strong opioids to outpatients. PMID:22805172

Poulsen, Karen K; Andersen, Stig E; Moreno, Søren I; Glintborg, Dorte; Thirstrup, Steffen; Aagaard, Lise

2013-02-01

335

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

336

Gaming for middle school students: building virtual worlds  

Microsoft Academic Search

We can begin engaging new talented students Computer Science students with Gaming as the introduction. Students are already excited and curious about games. Research studies suggests students form opinions about whether they enjoy science or non-science subjects as early as middle school. Furthermore, a student entering high school makes course selections based on their interests of preparing for college or

Charles R. Hardnett

2008-01-01

337

Spatial Segregation of Virulence Gene Expression during Acute Enteric Infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT To establish a replicative niche during its infectious cycle between the intestinal lumen and tissue, the enteric pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium requires numerous virulence genes, including genes for two type III secretion systems (T3SS) and their cognate effectors. To better understand the host-pathogen relationship, including early infection dynamics and induction kinetics of the bacterial virulence program in the context of a natural host, we monitored the subcellular localization and temporal expression of T3SS-1 and T3SS-2 using fluorescent single-cell reporters in a bovine, ligated ileal loop model of infection. We observed that the majority of bacteria at 2 h postinfection are flagellated, express T3SS-1 but not T3SS-2, and are associated with the epithelium or with extruding enterocytes. In epithelial cells, S. Typhimurium cells were surrounded by intact vacuolar membranes or present within membrane-compromised vacuoles that typically contained numerous vesicular structures. By 8 h postinfection, T3SS-2-expressing bacteria were detected in the lamina propria and in the underlying mucosa, while T3SS-1-expressing bacteria were in the lumen. Our work identifies for the first time the temporal and spatial regulation of T3SS-1 and -2 expression during an enteric infection in a natural host and provides further support for the concept of cytosolic S. Typhimurium in extruding epithelium as a mechanism for reseeding the lumen. PMID:24496791

Laughlin, Richard C.; Knodler, Leigh A.; Barhoumi, Roula; Payne, H. Ross; Wu, Jing; Gomez, Gabriel; Pugh, Roberta; Lawhon, Sara D.; Bäumler, Andreas J.; Steele-Mortimer, Olivia; Adams, L. Garry

2014-01-01

338

Diet and Environment Shape Fecal Bacterial Microbiota Composition and Enteric Pathogen Load of Grizzly Bears  

PubMed Central

Background Diet and environment impact the composition of mammalian intestinal microbiota; dietary or health disturbances trigger alterations in intestinal microbiota composition and render the host susceptible to enteric pathogens. To date no long term monitoring data exist on the fecal microbiota and pathogen load of carnivores either in natural environments or in captivity. This study investigates fecal microbiota composition and the presence of pathogenic Escherichia coli and toxigenic clostridia in wild and captive grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and relates these to food resources consumed by bears. Methodology/Principal Findings Feces were obtained from animals of two wild populations and from two captive animals during an active bear season. Wild animals consumed a diverse diet composed of plant material, animal prey and insects. Captive animals were fed a regular granulated diet with a supplement of fruits and vegetables. Bacterial populations were analyzed using quantitative PCR. Fecal microbiota composition fluctuated in wild and in captive animals. The abundance of Clostridium clusters I and XI, and of C. perfringens correlated to regular diet protein intake. Enteroaggregative E. coli were consistently present in all populations. The C. sordellii phospholipase C was identified in three samples of wild animals and for the first time in Ursids. Conclusion This is the first longitudinal study monitoring the fecal microbiota of wild carnivores and comparing it to that of captive individuals of the same species. Location and diet affected fecal bacterial populations as well as the presence of enteric pathogens. PMID:22194798

Schwab, Clarissa; Cristescu, Bogdan; Northrup, Joseph M.; Stenhouse, Gordon B.; Gänzle, Michael

2011-01-01

339

ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Intensive care.  

PubMed

Enteral nutrition (EN) via tube feeding is, today, the preferred way of feeding the critically ill patient and an important means of counteracting for the catabolic state induced by severe diseases. These guidelines are intended to give evidence-based recommendations for the use of EN in patients who have a complicated course during their ICU stay, focusing particularly on those who develop a severe inflammatory response, i.e. patients who have failure of at least one organ during their ICU stay. These guidelines were developed by an interdisciplinary expert group in accordance with officially accepted standards and are based on all relevant publications since 1985. They were discussed and accepted in a consensus conference. EN should be given to all ICU patients who are not expected to be taking a full oral diet within three days. It should have begun during the first 24h using a standard high-protein formula. During the acute and initial phases of critical illness an exogenous energy supply in excess of 20-25 kcal/kg BW/day should be avoided, whereas, during recovery, the aim should be to provide values of 25-30 total kcal/kg BW/day. Supplementary parenteral nutrition remains a reserve tool and should be given only to those patients who do not reach their target nutrient intake on EN alone. There is no general indication for immune-modulating formulae in patients with severe illness or sepsis and an APACHE II Score >15. Glutamine should be supplemented in patients suffering from burns or trauma. PMID:16697087

Kreymann, K G; Berger, M M; Deutz, N E P; Hiesmayr, M; Jolliet, P; Kazandjiev, G; Nitenberg, G; van den Berghe, G; Wernerman, J; Ebner, C; Hartl, W; Heymann, C; Spies, C

2006-04-01

340

[Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of radiation-induced enteritis].  

PubMed

The number of radiotherapy in the treatment of malignant diseases is increasing worldwide. During the radiotherapy of tumors in the minor pelvis and abdomen intestinal inflammation of different degree may occur even if special attention is paid. Irradiation to the minor pelvis causes in half of the cases radiation induced acute enteritis, whereas in 25% chronic enteritis and colitis will develop. Chronic enteritis following radiotherapy raises a number of diagnostic and therapeutic problems that can be solved only with cooperation of different specialties. Authors present a short review regarding therapeutical options of radiation induced enteritis. PMID:20739262

Sinkó, Dániel; Baranyai, Zsolt; Nemeskéri, Csaba; Teknos, Dániel; Jósa, Valéria; Hegedus, László; Mayer, Arpád

2010-09-01

341

Entering First-Year Residents' Experiences and Knowledge of Infection Control of Hepatitis B and HIV, at Five University-Affiliated Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 149 entering first-year medical residents concerning experiences with and knowledge of infection control investigated occurrence and patterns of accidental needle-sticking and reporting, student immunization for Hepatitis B, and instruction in universal precautions. It is concluded that students are at risk for needle-sticking, but…

Goetz, Angella; And Others

1992-01-01

342

HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours among MSM repeat and first-time testers in China: implications for HIV prevention  

PubMed Central

Introduction Little is known about HIV testing, HIV infection and sexual behaviour among bathhouse patrons in China. This study aims to assess differences in HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending bathhouse in Tianjin, China. Methods Between March 2011 and September 2012, a HIV voluntary counselling and testing station was established in a gay bathhouse, which provided HIV testing and conducted a survey among participants recruited through snowball sampling. Differences in demographic and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers were assessed using the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors for HIV infection. Results Of the 1642 respondents, 699 (42.6%) were repeat testers and 943 (57.4%) were first-time testers. Among repeat testers, a higher proportion were men aged 18 to 25, single, better educated, had a history of STIs and worked as male sex workers or “money boys” (MBs). Repeat testers were less likely to report having unprotected anal intercourse in the past six months. The overall HIV prevalence was 12.4% (203/1642). There was no difference in HIV prevalence between repeat (11.2%, 78/699) and first-time (13.3%, 125/943) testers. The HIV prevalence increased with age among first-time testers (?trend2=9.816, p=0.002). First-time MB testers had the highest HIV prevalence of 34.5%. Conclusions MSM attending bathhouse had an alarmingly high HIV infection rate, particularly in MB. Targeted interventions are urgently needed especially focusing on older MSM and MBs. PMID:24993457

Bai, Xue; Xu, Jie; Yang, Jie; Yang, Bo; Yu, Maohe; Gao, Yongjun; Dong, Willa M; Wu, Zunyou

2014-01-01

343

Rice University | Faculty | Researchers Undergraduates Grad Students Faculty & Researchers Staff Alumni  

E-print Network

Rice University | Faculty | Researchers Undergraduates Grad Students Faculty & Researchers Staff At a Glance About Rice Rice Facts 2009 Students and Postdoctoral Appointees Entering Class Enrollment Resources Administration Historical Facts Archives About OIR Rice News Feed Font Size Rice Facts Students

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

344

Enhancing Classrooms and Conversations: How Interactions with Faculty Predict Change in Students' Spirituality in College  

E-print Network

while two student majors entered in the college experiencesCollege Student Beliefs and Values Survey Instrument Appendix B: List of MajorsMajor is also a strong predictor of students’ spirituality in college;

Piehl, Tiffani Alexandra

2013-01-01

345

Abused women with children who are first-time users of a shelter or applicants for a protection order: entry data of a 7-year prospective analysis.  

PubMed

Worldwide, two models of care are offered most often to abused women-safe shelter and justice services. No evidence exists on the differential effectiveness of the services. To provide evidence, 300 abused women, 150 first-time users of a shelter and 150 first-time applicants for a protection order, signed informed consent to participate in a 7-year study. Safety, abuse, and functioning of the women and their children were measured. Compared with women seeking justice services, women in shelters reported more abuse and depression and less support. The baseline characteristics of these 300 women are presented with implications for practice and policy. PMID:25540248

McFarlane, Judith; Maddoux, John; Nava, Angeles; Gilroy, Heidi

2015-02-01

346

Astrobiology Student Science Fair Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extrasolar Planet Transit and The Light Curve of a Variable Star are some titles of high school student projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. These students were mentored by teachers who participated in the UH Institute for Astronomy Toward Other Planetary Systems summer program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech. After attending several 3-week TOPS NSF

M. Kadooka; K. J. Meech

2004-01-01

347

Breed-related risk factors for canine parvovirus enteritis.  

PubMed

Case records of 305 dogs with canine parvovirus (CPV) enteritis, seen at the Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania from July 1, 1981 to Aug 31, 1982, were selected on the basis of admitting diagnoses or signs of diarrhea and vomiting. The case records were subdivided into 3 diagnostic categories, based on final diagnoses and laboratory test results. There were 96 dogs with definite CPV enteritis, 139 with possible CPV enteritis, and 70 with unlikely CPV enteritis. These cases were then stratified by animal's age (less than or equal to 6 months or greater than 6 months) and specific hospital service (medicine or emergency). A control group was selected from all canine case records from the Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania for conditions other than the criteria used in selecting the case group. Approximately 2 hospital patients were selected for each CPV enteritis case by frequency matching for hospital service and age. The proportion of dogs with definite CPV enteritis that had each of the clinical signs that were studied was greater than that of dogs in the other CPV enteritis diagnostic categories. The overall survival rate for dogs with definite CPV enteritis was 64.0%; survival was not associated with any given clinical sign of disease. Odds ratios (OR) for the risk of CPV enteritis were calculated for breeds with 3 or more dogs with definite CPV enteritis. The Doberman Pinschers (OR = 3.1), Rottweilers (OR = 6.0), and English Springer Spaniels (OR = 8.1) had a significantly increased risk of CPV enteritis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3003015

Glickman, L T; Domanski, L M; Patronek, G J; Visintainer, F

1985-09-15

348

CAMP BURKHART Elementary Students  

E-print Network

Center for Autism Education & Research of Texas Tech University involves risk of bodily injury, death, its Board of Regents, the Burkhart Center for Autism Education & Research, its officers, agentsCAMP BURKHART Elementary Students WHO: Kids with autism spectrum disorder entering grades 1 ­ 5

Gelfond, Michael

349

Student Attitude Inventory - 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 42-item Student Attitude Inventory (SAI) was administered to entering college freshmen at the University of Illinois (see TM 001 015). The SAI items are divided into nine categories on the basis of content as follows: voting behavior, drug usage, financial, Viet Nam war, education, religious behavior, pollution, housing, and alienation. A…

Gillmore, Gerald M.; Aleamoni, Lawrence M.

350

Students and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a practical approach to the study of law, this publication offers seven lesson plans focusing on legal topics that have potential significance to high school students preparing to enter the world of work. Lesson plans address the following topics: minors and the law, automobile insurance, employment law, sports and the law, computer…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

351

Student Attitude Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A ten item questionnaire dealing with parental family income, the legalization of marijuana, pollution, and a volunteer army was administered to the entering freshman class on September 6, 1970. The results indicate that the freshmen tend to underestimate the actual earning power of their fellow students' families by approximately $1,800. However,…

Aleamoni, Lawrence M.

352

Meet Three of AGU's 2013 Student Travel Grant Recipients  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Donations to the Annual Student Travel Grant Fund allowed more than 200 AGU student members to present their research for the first time at the 2013 AGU Fall Meeting. The Annual Student Travel Grant Fund (see https://giving.agu.org/campaign/vcc/) provides financial assistance to U.S. and international students who have little or no support from their institutions. AGU encourages female students and students from underrepresented minorities or countries to apply to this program.

Howard, Claire

2014-04-01

353

A Guide to Enteral Drug Administration in Palliative Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enteral feeding is indicated in patients unable to ingest sufficient nutrients but whose gastrointestinal function is adequate for digestion and absorption. Indications in palliative care include patients with radical esophageal surgery, upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction, anorexia, and dysphagia. As the oral route is the preferred method of palliative drug delivery, the enteral feeding tube can become an important tool for

Peter J Gilbar; Dip Hosp Clin Pharm Pract

1999-01-01

354

Original article Enteric bacterial pathogen detection in southern sea otters  

E-print Network

Original article Enteric bacterial pathogen detection in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis and dead sea otters from California for specific enteric bacterial pathogens (Campylobacter, Salmonella associations between detection of these pathogens in otter feces and demographic or environmental risk factors

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

REVIEW Open Access Lupus enteritis: from clinical findings to  

E-print Network

REVIEW Open Access Lupus enteritis: from clinical findings to therapeutic management Peter Janssens steroid responsiveness, timely diagnosis becomes primordial for the adequate management of this rare [8]. In the BILAG 2004, lupus enteritis is de- fined as either vasculitis or inflammation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

Sequence analysis of parvoviruses associated with enteric disease of poultry  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome (PEMS) and Runting-Stunting Syndrome (RSS) are significant viral enteric diseases of poultry. The etiology of these diseases is not completely understood. Here, we report the application of a molecular screening method that was designed to detect novel viruses from...

357

Imaging neuron-glia interactions in the enteric nervous system  

PubMed Central

The enteric nervous system (ENS) is a network of neurons and glia within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract that is able to control many aspects of digestive function independently from the central nervous system. Enteric glial cells share several features with astrocytes and are closely associated with enteric neurons and their processes both within enteric ganglia, and along interconnecting fiber bundles. Similar to other parts of the nervous system, there is communication between enteric neurons and glia; enteric glial cells can detect neuronal activity and have the machinery to intermediate neurotransmission. However, due to the close contact between these two cell types and the particular characteristics of the gut wall, the recording of enteric glial cell activity in live imaging experiments, especially in the context of their interaction with neurons, is not straightforward. Most studies have used calcium imaging approaches to examine enteric glial cell activity but in many cases, it is difficult to distinguish whether observed transients arise from glial cells, or neuronal processes or varicosities in their vicinity. In this technical report, we describe a number of approaches to unravel the complex neuron-glia crosstalk in the ENS, focusing on the challenges and possibilities of live microscopic imaging in both animal models and human tissue samples. PMID:24155689

Boesmans, Werend; Martens, Michiel A.; Weltens, Nathalie; Hao, Marlene M.; Tack, Jan; Cirillo, Carla; Vanden Berghe, Pieter

2013-01-01

358

A new 2D world for physicists? Recent successes in producing for the first time crystal structures made of an isolated single atomic  

E-print Network

honeycomb structure in a plane and the atoms in the plane are very strongly bound one to the otherA new 2D world for physicists? Recent successes in producing for the first time crystal structures made of an isolated single atomic layer (i.e. the atoms are located in a periodic lattice

Qian, Ning

359

PSU ARL Additive Manufacturing Capstone Project For the first time the PSU ARL, the IE480W CIMP-3D Group at Penn State showed that  

E-print Network

in the reduction of cost and materials over traditional prototyping processes. CIMP-3D was developedPSU ARL Additive Manufacturing Capstone Project For the first time the PSU ARL, the IE480W CIMP-3D be fabricated using the same technology and print non-cylindrical channels. The Center for Innovative Materials

Demirel, Melik C.

360

Surviving the First Time Through: A New Instructor's Views on Designing and Teaching Economic Geography and How Mentoring Early-Career Faculty Can Help  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the reflections of a new instructor of economic geography in the USA. The author offers practical advice for designing and delivering a course for the first time. Suggestions are given in support of the view that sharing knowledge of effective teaching practices is an important component of mentoring early-career faculty. By…

Jocoy, Christine L.

2006-01-01

361

Altered States of Consciousness and Short-Term Psychological After-Effects Induced by the First Time Ritual Use of Ayahuasca in an Urban Context in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes psychological assessments of the first time ritual use of ayahuasca in the religious groups Uni?o do Vegetal and Santo Daime. Nineteen subjects who tried the beverage in Santo Daime rituals and nine subjects who tried it in Uni?o do Vegetal rituals were evaluated one to four days before their first ayahuasca experience in life and one to

Paulo Cesar Ribeiro Barbosa; Joel Sales Giglio; Paulo Dalgalarrondo

2005-01-01

362

Student Affairs STUDENT CONDUCT  

E-print Network

Student Affairs CODE OF STUDENT CONDUCT 2014-15 #12;Contents Letter from the Dean of Students ....................................................................ii Binghamton University's Code of Student Conduct Preamble...................... 1 Section I: Rules of Student Conduct.............................................................. 1 Section II: Definitions

Suzuki, Masatsugu

363

Rhetorical Analysis as Introductory Speech: Jumpstarting Student Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When students enter the basic public speaking classroom,When students enter the basic public speaking classroom, they are asked to develop an introductory speech. This assignment typically focuses on a speech of self-introduction for which there are several pedagogical underpinnings: it provides an immediate and relatively stress-free speaking…

Malone, Marc P.

2012-01-01

364

Assessing Kinesiology Students' Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student learning in higher education is traditionally assessed and compared using institution statistics (e.g., graduation rate, students' entrance examinations scores and percent of students with jobs or plans to enter graduate or professional schools after graduation). This practice is no longer adequate to meet the needs of workforce…

Zhu, Weimo

2007-01-01

365

Secondary Students' Views on Occupational Sex Stereotyping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of Indiana high school students sought to identify the extent of nontraditional occupational selection, awareness by the students of sex stereotyping influences, and their strategies for the promotion of educational equity. Results indicated that almost all students (80%) planned to enter occupations traditional for their sex. More females…

Richards, Diane S.

366

Nontraditional, Female, Commuter Students: Coping with College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The unique needs of nontraditional, female, commuter students at Northern Kentucky University were examined as a result of active recruitment of nontraditional students in the dwindling market for traditional college students. Women over the age of 25 are entering Northern Kentucky University, bringing unique personal and career problems. Problem…

Rogers, George W., Jr.

367

Student & Client Support Services Procedure Document  

E-print Network

from the list as seen in Fig.1. An authentication tab will appear as seen in Fig.2. Please take Note of the following: For Staff Members: The username will be ds\\Staff Number, the password will be your Logon Password. For Students: The username will be students\\Student Number, the password will be your Logon Password. Enter

Wagner, Stephan

368

The medical student and the suicidal patient  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's medical students are being confronted with ethical situations of far greater complexity than were their predecessors and yet the medical education system does little to prepare students for the ethical dilemmas which they inevitably face when entering the hospital environment. The following article addresses the issues surrounding a case where a patient has told a student in confidence of

N A Barrett

1997-01-01

369

Why computer science students need math  

Microsoft Academic Search

Too many students enter the field of computer science with high aspirations but poor math skills. These students often do not realize the significance of mathematics in computer science. This paper discusses several relevant areas of computer science and explains why computer science students need math in order to master the material taught in these courses and to eventually find

Theresa Beaubouef

2002-01-01

370

Racial stereotypes of one hundred college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The degree of agreement among the students in assigning characteristics from a list of 84 adjectives to different races seemed too great to be the result solely of the students' contacts with members of those races. Individual experience may have entered into a student's judgment, but it probably did so to confirm the original stereotype which he had learned. Because

D. Katz; K. Braly

1933-01-01

371

Adaptation and growth kinetics study of an Indian isolate of virulent duck enteritis virus in Vero cells.  

PubMed

Duck virus enteritis, also known as duck plague, is a viral infection of ducks caused by duck enteritis virus (DEV). The control of the disease is mainly done by vaccination with chicken embryo adapted live virus that is known to be poorly immunogenic and elicits only partial protection. Further, the embryo propagated vaccine virus pose a threat of harboring other infectious agents. Seeing these limitations, the present study reports for the first time regarding propagation and adaptation of a virulent Indian isolate of duck enteritis virus in Vero cell line. In this study isolation of an outbreak virus from Kerala state was done in chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture (CEF). Then adapted the DEV isolate in the Vero cell line. The characteristic cytopathic effects (CPE) of clumping and fusion of Vero cells were observed starting from the 7th passage onwards. The presence of the virus and its multiplication in Vero cells was confirmed by detection of viral specific DNA and antigen by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and indirect immuno fluorescent assay (IIFA), respectively. PCR detection of DEV using self designed primers for US4 (gD) and UL30 (DNA Polymerase) gene has been reported for the in the present study. The kinetics of DEV in Vero cells revealed a maximum infectivity titer of 10(5.6) TCID 50/ml after 48hr of viral infection. Compared to chicken embryo adapted DVE vaccine virus, the Vero cell culture system is free from other infectious agents. So it will be a good candidate for cultivation and propagation of duck enteritis virus vaccine strain. Further research studies are suggested to explore the feasibility of utilizing this Vero cell culture adapted DEV isolate for developing an attenuated vaccine virus against duck virus enteritis. PMID:25450886

Aravind, S; Kamble, Nitin M; Gaikwad, Satish S; Shukla, Sanjeev Kumar; Dey, Sohini; Mohan, C Madhan

2015-01-01

372

An Exploratory Study of First-Semester Student Attrition in a Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine if student background variables (age, gender, race, academic preparation); student status (part/full-time student), and student circumstances (commuting distance, independent/dependent financial student status) could predict fall-to-spring attrition (2006-2007) in a sample of 542 first-time

Scott, Ophelia Turner

2010-01-01

373

Enteric coated microspheres of pancreatin in the treatment of cystic fibrosis: comparison with a standard enteric coated preparation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an open, randomised crossover study enteric coated microspheres of pancreatin were compared with a standard preparation of enteric coated pancreatin over two consecutive 28 day treatment periods in 23 adults with steatorrhoea due to cystic fibrosis. Lipase intake was equal to the patients' previous requirements and was the same during the two months. Patients performed 72 hour faecal collections

R J Stead; I Skypala; M E Hodson; J C Batten

1987-01-01

374

Enter Search Term Enter Drill Deeper or ED Online ID Home Subscribe Back Issues Design FAQs Ideas for Design Power Analog  

E-print Network

Enter Search Term Enter Drill Deeper or ED Online ID Home Subscribe Back Issues Design FAQs Ideas Subscribe to Electronic Design UPDATE (Archive) Email: Enter Email Click to view this week's welcome screen

Rogers, John A.

375

Student Characteristics (Fall 2013) More Undergraduate Success & Progress Rates More TOTAL NUMBER OF STUDENTS 6,195  

E-print Network

Indian / Alaskan Native 14 0.2% Asian 1,478 25.3% Hispanic 2,560 43.9% · 396 First-Time Full to Degree Geographic Distribution First-Time Freshman Students: California 5,809 99.5% 8.55 enrolled, as the 10th campus in the University of California system and the first American research university

Kallmann, Marcelo

376

The Effect of MSW Education on Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Substance Abusing Clients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entering ("n"?=?475) and graduating ("n"?=?454) students at 3 master's of social work programs in the northeast were compared regarding their knowledge and attitudes concerning working with substance abusing clients. In comparison to entering students, graduating students demonstrated modestly higher levels of knowledge,…

Senreich, Evan; Straussner, Shulamith Lala A.

2013-01-01

377

Trajectories of Adjustment of International Students: U-Curve, Learning Curve, or Third Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International students may need to adapt their approaches to learning and their views of themselves as learners in their new situation. The research reported on in this paper concerns a pre-sessional English for Academic Purposes (EAP) course for international students entering Higher Education in the UK--mostly Masters students entering

Burnapp, Dave

2006-01-01

378

Comparison of the Contraceptive Use and Its Related Factors Among Women Seeking Repeat and First-Time Induced Abortions in Iran  

PubMed Central

Background: Abortion in Iran, like other Islamic countries is severely restricted except in a few exceptions. However, some women who have an unwanted or mistimed pregnancy are seeking abortion. Objectives: This study aimed to compare the contraceptive use and its related factors among repeat and first- time induced abortion seekers in Iran. Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 417 married women (age range, 15-49 years) seeking abortion services at either a hospital or private office in Maku City, the northwest of Iran, were selected through convenience sampling between December 2010 and March 2011. All the subjects were asked about the contraceptive methods used during the three months before the current pregnancy and the use of any emergency contraception and forced sex. Women who mentioned reasons except than completing family size for their applying for abortion were excluded from the analysis. Characteristics of women were examined using chi-square and t test. T test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare contraceptive methods and the regularity of contraceptive use between repeat and first-time abortion seekers, respectively. Results: About 33.8% of the repeat abortion-seekers and 76.8% of first-time abortion seekers were using male methods (withdrawal and condom). Utilization of an intrauterine device for birth control was higher among women seeking repeat abortion than in first-time abortion seekers (P = 0.003). All of 31 pill users in the repeat abortion-seeking group missed three or more pills per month for three times during the three months before contraception. The repeat abortion seekers had used condom more regularly than those in the first-time abortion seekers. Forced sex was more prevalent in the abortion seekers who had used male method. Conclusions: Using male methods are prevalent in abortion-seeker women. An increased focus is needed on training the regular use of pills and using the emergency contraception for all of the couples who are first-time abortion-seekers. Moreover, information about the role of forced sex might be efficacious in decreasing illegally induced repeat abortion in couples who use condom or withdrawal methods. PMID:25830153

Bayrami, Roghieh; Javadnoori, Mojgan

2015-01-01

379

Enteric infections, diarrhea, and their impact on function and development  

PubMed Central

Enteric infections, with or without overt diarrhea, have profound effects on intestinal absorption, nutrition, and childhood development as well as on global mortality. Oral rehydration therapy has reduced the number of deaths from dehydration caused by infection with an enteric pathogen, but it has not changed the morbidity caused by such infections. This Review focuses on the interactions between enteric pathogens and human genetic determinants that alter intestinal function and inflammation and profoundly impair human health and development. We also discuss specific implications for novel approaches to interventions that are now opened by our rapidly growing molecular understanding. PMID:18382740

Petri, William A.; Miller, Mark; Binder, Henry J.; Levine, Myron M.; Dillingham, Rebecca; Guerrant, Richard L.

2008-01-01

380

Early enteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis—benefits and limitations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  The application of enteral feeding as part of the treatment of acute pancreatitis goes back more than a decade now. In this\\u000a review, the authors outline the indications and limitations of enteral feeding in the treatment of acute pancreatitis using\\u000a up-to-date evidence-based data.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results and discussion  Latest meta-analyses suggest that early enteral feeding reduces effectively the incidence of infective complications and

Attila Oláh; László Romics Jr.

2008-01-01

381

Pediatric Enteric Feeding Techniques: Insertion, Maintenance, and Management of Problems  

SciTech Connect

Enteral feeding is considered a widespread, well-accepted means of delivering nutrition to adults and children who are unable to consume food by mouth or who need support in maintaining adequate nutrition for a variety of reasons, including acute and chronic disease states. Delivery of enteral feeding to nutritionally deprived patients may be achieved by several means. In this article, the indications and insertion of enteral access in children will be reviewed. In addition, common complications and management of problems will be discussed.

Nijs, Els L. F., E-mail: nijs@email.chop.ed [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Clinical Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (United States); Cahill, Anne Marie, E-mail: cahill@email.chop.ed [University of Pennsylvania, Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (United States)

2010-12-15

382

The impact of microbial immune enteral nutrition on the patients with acute radiation enteritis in bowel function and immune status.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of microbial immune enteral nutrition by microecopharmaceutics and deep sea fish oil and glutamine and Peptisorb on the patients with acute radiation enteritis in bowel function and immune status. From June 2010 to January 2013, 46 acute radiation enteritis patients in Liaocheng People's Hospital were randomized into the microbial immune enteral nutrition group and the control group: 24 patients in treatment group and 22 patients in control group. The immune microbial nutrition was given to the study group, but not to the control group. The concentration of serum albumin and prealbumin and the number of CD3 (+) T cell, CD4 (+) T cell, CD8 (+) T cell, CD4 (+)/CD8 (+) and natural killer cell of the two groups were detected on the 1, 7 and 14 days after treatment. The arm muscle circumference and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were recorded, and the tolerance of the two groups for enteral nutrition and intestinal symptoms was collected and then comparing the two indicators and get results. The tolerance of microbial immune enteral nutrition group about abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea was better than the control group (P values were 0.018, 0.04 and 0.008 after 7 days; P values were 0.018, 0.015 and 0.002 after 14 days); and the cellular immune parameters were better than the control group((?) P = 0.008,([Symbol: see text]) P = 0.039, (?) P = 0.032); No difference was found in nutrition indicators. To the patients with acute radiation enteritis, microbial immune enteral nutrition could improve the patient's immune status, and the tolerance of enteral nutrition could be better for the bowel function and the patients' rehabilitation. PMID:24366547

Shao, Feng; Xin, Fu-Ze; Yang, Cheng-Gang; Yang, Dao-Gui; Mi, Yue-Tang; Yu, Jun-Xiu; Li, Guo-Yong

2014-06-01

383

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113.204 Section 113.204 Animals...INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS...VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.204 Mink...

2014-01-01

384

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113.204 Section 113.204 Animals...INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS...VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.204 Mink...

2010-01-01

385

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113.204 Section 113.204 Animals...INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS...VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.204 Mink...

2012-01-01

386

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113.204 Section 113.204 Animals...INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS...VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.204 Mink...

2011-01-01

387

9 CFR 113.204 - Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Mink Enteritis Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113.204 Section 113.204 Animals...INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS...VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.204 Mink...

2013-01-01

388

129. FULL AERIAL VIEW SHOWING FORWARD PORT QUARTER, ENTERING PEARL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

129. FULL AERIAL VIEW SHOWING FORWARD PORT QUARTER, ENTERING PEARL HARBOR AFTER APOLLO 11 RECOVERY. 26 JULY 1969. (NATIONAL ARCHIVES NO. 428-KN-18090) - U.S.S. HORNET, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Sinclair Inlet, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

389

Program in Neuroscience Progress Check List: Name: __________________________________ Year entered Program: _____  

E-print Network

Program in Neuroscience Progress Check List: Name: __________________________________ Year entered: __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ Coursework Completed (Insert Grades): __ ___ Cell and Molecular Neuroscience __ ___ System and Behavioral Neuroscience __ ___ Comparative Anatomy w Lab __ ___ Molecules to Behavior __ ___ Responsible Conduct

Ronquist, Fredrik

390

Enteric virus and vibrio contamination of shellfish: intervention strategies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

INTRODUCTION. Molluscan shellfish include oysters, clams, mussels, and cockles, which can cause illnesses from a variety of human pathogens. Enteric viruses, like norovirus and hepatitis A virus, are generally transmitted to shellfish through fecal contamination of shellfish harvesting areas, alth...

391

Development of reference antisera to enteric-origin avian viruses  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Recent molecular surveys have revealed geographically distinct lineages of avian reovirus, rotavirus and astrovirus circulating in commercial poultry. To improve our understanding of enteric virus pathogenesis, specific immunological reagents are needed to detect viruses in histological samples. To ...

392

1. INTAKE CHANNEL LOOKING NORTHEAST; WATER FROM BEAVER BROOK ENTERS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. INTAKE CHANNEL LOOKING NORTHEAST; WATER FROM BEAVER BROOK ENTERS THE INTAKE CHANNEL HERE. - Hondius Water Line, 1.6 miles Northwest of Park headquarters building & 1 mile Northwest of Beaver Meadows entrance station, Estes Park, Larimer County, CO

393

46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Operations § 154.1850 Entering...pumps, compressors, and compressor motors. (2) Gas-dangerous cargo control spaces...flammable cargo unless the space is gas...

2010-10-01

394

46 CFR 154.1850 - Entering cargo handling spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Operations § 154.1850 Entering...pumps, compressors, and compressor motors. (2) Gas-dangerous cargo control spaces...flammable cargo unless the space is gas...

2011-10-01

395

VIEW OF CANE CLEANING PLANT AS IT ENTERS THE MILL, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF CANE CLEANING PLANT AS IT ENTERS THE MILL, BUMPER ROLLERS IN THE CENTER OF PHOTOGRAPH. VIEW FROM THE WEST - Kekaha Sugar Company, Sugar Mill Building, 8315 Kekaha Road, Kekaha, Kauai County, HI

396

31. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. AS THE TRAM ENTERED THE GRAVITY TRAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. AS THE TRAM ENTERED THE GRAVITY TRAM LINE, IT CROSSED THIS CUT-STONE BRIDGE AND WAS CONTROLLED BY THE SWITCHING PLATFORM IN THE BACKGROUND - Independent Coal & Coke Company, Kenilworth, Carbon County, UT

397

2. CANAL BOAT ENTERING THE DELAWARE CANAL FROM OF THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. CANAL BOAT ENTERING THE DELAWARE CANAL FROM OF THE LEHIGH RIVER. BOATS COULD BE FERRIED ACROSS THE DELAWARE RIVER TO THE MORRIS CANAL BY A CABLE SUPPORTED TROLLEY. - Morris Canal, Phillipsburg, Warren County, NJ

398

Shattuck Lecture - Biomedical Research Enters the Steady State  

Cancer.gov

SPECIAL REPORT SHATTUCK LECTURE — BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH ENTERS THE STEADY STATE HAROLD VARMUS, M.D. Presented as the 105th Shattuck Lecture to the Annual Meeting of the Massa-chusetts Medical Society, Boston, May 20, 1995.

399

221. View entering smart view. Note the unique snake rail ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

221. View entering smart view. Note the unique snake rail fence. The pond was a manipulated landscape element. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

400

NORTHERN END OF VIADUCT WHERE IT ENTERS BATTERY STREET TUNNEL. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

NORTHERN END OF VIADUCT WHERE IT ENTERS BATTERY STREET TUNNEL. LAKE UNION VISIBLE IN BACKGROUND. TUNNEL PROCEEDS IN CUT AND COVER FASHION DIRECTLY BENEATH BATTERY STREET. - Alaskan Way Viaduct and Battery Street Tunnel, Seattle, King County, WA

401

Avian necrotic enteritis: Experimental models, climate change, and vaccine development  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This review summarizes recent developments in disease models, pathogenesis, host immunity, risk factors, and vaccine development for Clostridium perfringens infection of poultry and necrotic enteritis (NE). The increasing trends of legislative restrictions and voluntary removal of antibiotic growth...

402

Mitigating enteric methane emissions: Where are the biggest opportunities  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Many opportunities exist to reduce enteric methane emissions per unit of product from ruminant livestock. These include alterations in feeding management and nutrition, addition of compounds to modify rumen function, genetic improvements to increase animal lifetime productivity (including health and...

403

Engaging students in learning: a review of a conceptual organiser  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student engagement in learning is a complex process influenced by many factors. This article introduces a conceptual organiser developed from a review of the literature. It captures four key perspectives – motivation and agency, transactional engagement, institutional support and active citizenship – and suggested indicators for each perspective. Data from a project researching student engagement with first?time enrolled students in

Linda Leach; Nick Zepke

2011-01-01

404

Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, I draw on Bahr's ("Research in Higher Education" 51:724-749, 2010; New Directions for Institutional Research S1:33-48, 2011) behavioral typology of first-time community college students to examine college-level variation in students' patterns of use of 105 community colleges in California. I find that students' patterns of use vary…

Bahr, Peter Riley

2013-01-01

405

International Students' Experiences of Integrating into the Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the integration experiences of 16 international students entering the Canadian workforce using a semistructured interview and constant comparison method. The international students were pursuing immigration to Canada, despite unmet job prospects. Students recommended that employers refrain from discriminating against students…

Nunes, Sarah; Arthur, Nancy

2013-01-01

406

College Students' Preinstructional Ideas about Stars and Star Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (Note 1) investigated the beliefs about stars that students hold when they enter an undergraduate introductory astronomy course for nonscience majors. Students' preinstructional ideas were investigated through the use of several student-supplied-response (SSR) surveys, which asked students to describe their ideas about topics such as…

Bailey, Janelle M.; Prather, Edward E.; Johnson, Bruce; Slater, Timothy F.

2009-01-01

407

Personal Factors that Influence Deaf College Students' Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research tells us that academic preparation is key to deaf students' success at college. Yet, that is not the whole story. Many academically prepared students drop out during their first year. This study identified entering deaf college students' personal factors as assessed by their individual responses to both the "Noel-Levitz College Student…

Albertini, John A.; Kelly, Ronald R.; Matchett, Mary Karol

2012-01-01

408

Processing Strategies to Inactivate Enteric Viruses in Shellfish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Noroviruses, hepatitis A and E viruses, sapovirus, astrovirus, rotavirus, Aichi virus, enteric adenoviruses, poliovirus, and\\u000a other enteroviruses enter shellfish through contaminated seawater or by contamination during handling and processing, resulting\\u000a in outbreaks ranging from isolated to epidemic. Processing and disinfection methods include shellfish depuration and relaying,\\u000a cooking and heat pasteurization, freezing, irradiation, and high pressure processing. All the methods can

Gary P. Richards; Catherine McLeod; Françoise S. Le Guyader

2010-01-01

409

The Interaction of Human Enteric Pathogens with Plants  

PubMed Central

There are an increasing number of outbreaks of human pathogens related to fresh produce. Thus, the growth of human pathogens on plants should be explored. Human pathogens can survive under the harsh environments in plants, and can adhere and actively invade plants. Plant-associated microbiota or insects contribute to the survival and transmission of enteric pathogens in plants. Human enteric pathogens also trigger plant innate immunity, but some pathogens–such as Salmonella–can overcome this defense mechanism. PMID:25288993

Lim, Jeong-A; Lee, Dong Hwan; Heu, Sunggi

2014-01-01

410

Use of a probioitic to decrease enteric hyperoxaluria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Use of a probiotic to decrease enteric hyperoxaluria.BackgroundPatients with inflammatory bowel disease have a 10- to 100-fold increased risk of nephrolithiasis, with enteric hyperoxaluria being the major risk factor for these and other patients with fat malabsorptive states. Endogenous components of the intestinal microflora can potentially limit dietary oxalate absorption.MethodsTen patients were studied with chronic fat malabsorption, calcium oxalate stones,

John C. Lieske; David S. Goldfarb; CLAUDIO DE SIMONE; CYNTHIA REGNIER

2005-01-01

411

Antimicrobial-Resistant Enteric Bacteria from Dairy Cattle  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted to understand the descriptive and molecular epidemiology of antimicrobial-resistant gram-negative enteric bacteria in the feces of healthy lactating dairy cattle. Gram-negative enteric bacteria resistant to ampicillin, florfenicol, spectinomycin, and tetracycline were isolated from the feces of 35, 8, 5, and 42% of 213 lactating cattle on 74, 39, 9, 26, and 82% of 23 farms surveyed,

Ashish A. Sawant; Narasimha V. Hegde; Beth A. Straley; Sarah C. Donaldson; Brenda C. Love; Stephen J. Knabel; Bhushan M. Jayarao

2007-01-01

412

Endovascular Management of Acute Enteric Bleeding from Pancreas Transplant  

SciTech Connect

Arterioenteric fistula is a rare but serious complication of enteric drained pancreas transplant, which may lead to massive gastrointestinal bleeding. We present 3 patients with failed enteric drained pancreas transplants and massive gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to arterioenteric fistula. One patient was treated by embolization and the 2 others by stent graft placement. Bleeding was successfully controlled in all cases, at follow up of 5 days, 8 months, and 12 months, respectively. One patient died 24 days after embolization, of unknown causes.

Semiz-Oysu, Aslihan; Cwikiel, Wojciech [University of Michigan Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)], E-mail: cwikiel@umich.edu

2007-04-15

413

Hypothetical Biotechnology Companies: A Role-Playing Student Centered Activity for Undergraduate Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science students leaving undergraduate programs are entering the biotechnology industry where they are presented with issues which require integration of science content. Students find this difficult as through-out their studies, most content is limited to a single subdiscipline (e.g., biochemistry, immunology). In addition, students need…

Chuck, Jo-Anne

2011-01-01

414

The Impact of Anonymous and Assigned Use of Student Response Systems on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of two approaches to use of student response systems (SRSs) on achievement in a study designed to better understand effective use of the devices. One condition was anonymous use of SRSs, in which graduate students selected a random clicker when entering the classroom. The second condition assigned devices to students…

Poole, Dawn

2012-01-01

415

In Situ Ca2+ Imaging of the Enteric Nervous System  

PubMed Central

Reflex behaviors of the intestine are controlled by the enteric nervous system (ENS). The ENS is an integrative network of neurons and glia in two ganglionated plexuses housed in the gut wall. Enteric neurons and enteric glia are the only cell types within the enteric ganglia. The activity of enteric neurons and glia is responsible for coordinating intestinal functions. This protocol describes methods for observing the activity of neurons and glia within the intact ENS by imaging intracellular calcium (Ca2+) transients with fluorescent indicator dyes. Our technical discussion focuses on methods for Ca2+ imaging in whole-mount preparations of the myenteric plexus from the rodent bowel. Bulk loading of ENS whole-mounts with a high-affinity Ca2+ indicator such as Fluo-4 permits measurements of Ca2+ responses in individual neurons or glial cells. These responses can be evoked repeatedly and reliably, which permits quantitative studies using pharmacological tools. Ca2+ responses in cells of the ENS are recorded using a fluorescence microscope equipped with a cooled charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. Fluorescence measurements obtained using Ca2+ imaging in whole-mount preparations offer a straightforward means of characterizing the mechanisms and potential functional consequences of Ca2+ responses in enteric neurons and glial cells. PMID:25741967

Fried, David E.; Gulbransen, Brian D.

2015-01-01

416

Lupus Enteritis as an Initial Presentation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus  

PubMed Central

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder which can affect multiple organs and clinical presentation is often a myriad of symptoms; therefore, the index of suspicion should rise when evaluating patients with multiorgan symptomatology. Lupus enteritis is a distinct subset of SLE, defined as either vasculitis or inflammation of the small bowel, with supportive image and/or biopsy findings. The clinical picture of lupus enteritis is often nonspecific, with mild to severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting being the cardinal manifestations. Although considered a form of visceral or serosal vasculitis, lupus enteritis is seldom confirmed on histology, making computerized tomography (CT) the gold standard for diagnosis. Lupus enteritis is generally steroid-responsive, and the route of administration is based on clinical status and organ involvement, with preference for intravenous (IV) route in flares with significant tissue edema. The following case describes a young woman presenting with lupus enteritis and lupus panniculitis as an initial manifestation of SLE, the utilization of abdominal CT in diagnosis, and current treatment protocols used for lupus enteritis. PMID:25295199

Sran, Manpreet; Patel, Narmisha

2014-01-01

417

Enteral nutrition and immune modulation of acute pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Enteral nutrition has been strongly recommended by major scientific societies for the nutritional management of patients with acute pancreatitis. Providing severe acute pancreatitis patients with enteral nutrition within the first 24-48 h of hospital admission can help improve outcomes compared to parenteral nutrition and no feeding. New research is focusing in on when and what to feed to best improve outcomes for acute pancreatitis patients. Early enteral nutrition have the potential to modulate the immune responses. Despite this consistent evidence of early enteral nutrition in patients with acute pancreatitis, clinical practice continues to vary due to individual clinician preference. Achieving the immune modulating effects of enteral nutrition heavily depend on proper placement of the feeding tube and managing any tube feeding associated complications. The current article reviews the immune modulating effects of enteral nutrition and pro- and prebiotics and suggests some practical tools that help improve the patient adherence and tolerance to the tube feeding. Proper selection of the type of the tube, close monitoring of the tube for its placement, patency and securing its proper placement and routine checking the gastric residual volume could all help improve the outcome. Using peptide-based and high medium chain triglycerides feeding formulas help improving feeding tolerance. PMID:25473161

Hegazi, Refaat A; DeWitt, Tiffany

2014-01-01

418

Enteral nutrition and immune modulation of acute pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Enteral nutrition has been strongly recommended by major scientific societies for the nutritional management of patients with acute pancreatitis. Providing severe acute pancreatitis patients with enteral nutrition within the first 24-48 h of hospital admission can help improve outcomes compared to parenteral nutrition and no feeding. New research is focusing in on when and what to feed to best improve outcomes for acute pancreatitis patients. Early enteral nutrition have the potential to modulate the immune responses. Despite this consistent evidence of early enteral nutrition in patients with acute pancreatitis, clinical practice continues to vary due to individual clinician preference. Achieving the immune modulating effects of enteral nutrition heavily depend on proper placement of the feeding tube and managing any tube feeding associated complications. The current article reviews the immune modulating effects of enteral nutrition and pro- and prebiotics and suggests some practical tools that help improve the patient adherence and tolerance to the tube feeding. Proper selection of the type of the tube, close monitoring of the tube for its placement, patency and securing its proper placement and routine checking the gastric residual volume could all help improve the outcome. Using peptide-based and high medium chain triglycerides feeding formulas help improving feeding tolerance. PMID:25473161

Hegazi, Refaat A; DeWitt, Tiffany

2014-11-21

419

Student Services Student Services  

E-print Network

Student Services Student Services DIVISION OF STUDENT AFFAIRS Office in the Administration Building, Room 201 (970) 491-5312 studentaffairs.colostate.edu Blanche Hughes, Vice President for Student Affairs The Division of Student Affairs seeks to create a campus environment that fully engages students

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

420

Student Services Student Services  

E-print Network

Student Services _______________ 1.9 Page 1 Student Services DIVISION OF STUDENT AFFAIRS Office for Student Affairs The Division of Student Affairs seeks to create a campus environment that fully engages students in the integration of their academic and personal development through quality programs

421

The gut-brain axis: interactions between enteric microbiota, central and enteric nervous systems  

PubMed Central

The gut-brain axis (GBA) consists of bidirectional communication between the central and the enteric nervous system, linking emotional and cognitive centers of the brain with peripheral intestinal functions. Recent advances in research have described the importance of gut microbiota in influencing these interactions. This interaction between microbiota and GBA appears to be bidirectional, namely through signaling from gut-microbiota to brain and from brain to gut-microbiota by means of neural, endocrine, immune, and humoral links. In this review we summarize the available evidence supporting the existence of these interactions, as well as the possible pathophysiological mechanisms involved. Most of the data have been acquired using technical strategies consisting in germ-free animal models, probiotics, antibiotics, and infection studies. In clinical practice, evidence of microbiota-GBA interactions comes from the association of dysbiosis with central nervous disorders (i.e. autism, anxiety-depressive behaviors) and functional gastrointestinal disorders. In particular, irritable bowel syndrome can be considered an example of the disruption of these complex relationships, and a better understanding of these alterations might provide new targeted therapies.

Carabotti, Marilia; Scirocco, Annunziata; Maselli, Maria Antonietta; Severi, Carola

2015-01-01

422

The Physics Questions in Student Selection Examination and Physics Curriculum and the Effect of Those Questions in Students' Success in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Success of high school students in solving physics questions of student selection examination (OSS) that has to be taken by high school students before entering the Turkish universities have been investigated with regard to these questions to be solved by students and suitability to high school physics curriculum and factors affecting students…

Demirci, Neset

2007-01-01

423

Transition to life--a sendoff to the real world for graduating medical students.  

PubMed

Graduating medical students will enter the workforce, often for the first time. Many have spent the past 20 years as students, receiving financial support from parents, and have not managed real-life issues such as financial planning, real estate, balancing well-being with employment, and integrating into a new community with stressful working conditions. To address a perceived need, we designed an intervention to introduce graduating medical students to financial planning, real estate choices, physician wellness during relocation/internship, and traits of efficient interns. The objectives of this study are to (a) assess baseline experience, knowledge, and comfort of seniors about "real-life" experiences, and (b) assess the efficacy of a 4-hr educational intervention on perceptions of understanding financial planning, real estate choices, intern preparedness, and physician wellness. Acute Care College seniors (classes of 2009 and 2010) attended the intervention after match day and completed a survey to gather demographic data and assess preexisting knowledge and a postintervention survey (1-7 Likert scale). Forty-nine students (45% male; M age = 25.5 years) participated. Prior experiences: 43% no break in education, 51% no full-time job, 38% never signed a rental lease and 94% had not purchased real estate, 90% did not have (or were not aware of having) disability insurance, and 82% had educational debt exceeding $50,000. Following the workshop, students felt more confident in their understanding of life skills topics (real estate, 83%; financial planning, 94%; well-being, 86%). Our workshop assisted in preparing for life after medical school for 98% of the participants. Graduating medical students can gain knowledge about real-life responsibilities and confidence during an educational session prior to starting residency. PMID:22250934

Coates, Wendy C; Spector, Tahlia S; Uijtdehaage, Sebastian

2012-01-01

424

Using Balanced and Interactive Writing Instruction to Improve the Higher Order and Lower Order Writing Skills of Deaf Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the findings of balanced and interactive writing instruction used with 16 deaf and hard-of-hearing students. Although the instruction has been used previously, this was the first time it had been modified to suit the specific needs of deaf children and the first time it had been implemented with this subpopulation of students

Wolbers, Kimberly A.

2008-01-01

425

Texas A&M Geosciences and the growing importance of transfer students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Texas A&M University at College Station is the flagship university for the Texas A&M System, and is a major destination for transfer students, both from inside and outside the A&M system. The College of Geosciences consists of four academic departments and organized research centers spanning geoscience disciplines of Geology & Geophysics, Geography, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences. Two additional interdisciplinary degree programs offer undergraduate degrees in Environmental Geosciences and Environmental Studies and graduate degrees in Water and Hydrological Sciences. The College has increased its undergraduate enrollment and graduation numbers substantially in recent years, growing from 105 Baccalaureate graduates in 2006-07 College-wide to 187 in 2010-11. This 80% growth over this time period has greatly outpaced the undergraduate degree completion growth rate of 10% for the University as a whole. While the College of Geosciences is still the smallest at A&M in terms of overall B.S. graduation rate, it is by far the fastest growing of the nine undergraduate degree-granting colleges over the last five years. A significant number of our incoming and graduating undergraduate students are transfers from primarily 2-year colleges, mostly concentrated in the southeastern portion of Texas. University-wide between 2006 and 2010, 23-25% of degree recipients entered as transfer students. In the College of Geosciences transfer students are an even more significant portion of our graduating students, making up 34-35% of graduates during the same period. Most of the recent undergraduate enrollment growth in the College, however, has come from an increase in first-time freshmen and not from an increase in transfer admissions. Recent efforts to reinvigorate transfer admissions have sharply reversed this trend. Current enrollment data shows that incoming transfer students this year once again more closely mirror historic graduation rates with 34% of our new students entering by transferring in. Beyond the numbers, there are other observations, concerns, and opportunities for partnerships between Texas A&M Geosciences and our surrounding community college students and programs. Through careful tracking of admitted transfer students, we have seen an unfortunate but consistent drop in GPAs among most transfers after arriving at Texas A&M. This results from gaps in preparation, mismatches in expectations, or curricular stumbling blocks. Recognition of this problem has provided an opportunity to spur efforts to help this incoming third of our student body reach their highest potential. Community college populations in our region also tend to be more diverse than first-time freshmen in general, and we are actively working to build stronger formal ties to community college feeder programs within the Houston metro area and other targeted regions within southeast Texas as part of our broader strategy to enhance diversity across our College. Seeing after the proper preparation and "onboarding" of this increasingly diverse and varied group of transfer students will be important for ensuring their success and the vitality of undergraduate programs in the geosciences as the entire university moves toward an increased emphasis on community college transfers.

Riggs, E. M.

2012-12-01

426

Temporal trends in the initiation of glucose-lowering medications after a first-time myocardial infarction - a nationwide study between 1997 and 2006  

PubMed Central

Background Type 2 diabetes is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is common among patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). The extent to which patients with first-time MI develop diabetes requiring glucose-lowering medications (GLM) is largely unknown. The aim of the study was to investigate temporal trends in the initiation of GLM among patients discharged after first-time MI. Methods All Danish residents aged ? 30 years without prior diabetes hospitalized with first-time MI between 1997 and 2006 were identified by individual-level-linkage of nationwide registers. Initiation of GLM during follow-up was assessed by claimed prescriptions from pharmacies. Temporal trends in initiation of GLM were assessed by incidence rate calculations in the MI population as in the general population. Multivariable Cox proportional-hazard models were used to investigate the likelihood of initiating GLM within a year post-MI. Results The population comprised 66,788 patients. Among these patients 3962 patients initiated GLM, of whom 1567 started within one year post-MI. An increase in incidence rates of GLM initiation in the MI population from 19.6 per 1000 person years in 1997 to approximately 27.6 in 2001 was demonstrated. After 2001 the incidence rates stabilized. A similar trend was observed in the general population where the incidence rates increased from 2.8 in 1997 to 4.0 in 2004 and then stabilized. Conclusion Our study demonstrated an increase in incidence rates of GLM initiation within the first year post- MI. A similar trend was observed in the general population suggesting that the increase in GLM among MI patients was primarily the effect of a general increased awareness of diabetes. From a public heath perspective, this study underscores a continuous need for diagnostic and therapeutic improvement in the care of MI patients that develop diabetes. PMID:21247456

2011-01-01

427

Continuation rates of oral hormonal contraceptives in a cohort of first-time users: a population-based registry study, Sweden 2005–2010  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate if continuation rates in first-time users of oral hormonal contraceptives differed between different formulations and to measure if the rates were related to the prescribing categories, that is, physicians and midwives. Design A longitudinal national population-based registry study. Setting The Swedish prescribed drug register. Participants All women born between 1977 and 1994 defined as first-time users of hormonal contraceptives from 2007 to 2009 (n=226?211). Main outcome measures A tendency to switch the type of hormonal contraceptive within 6?months use and repeated dispensation identical to the first were estimated as percentages and relative risks (RRs). Physicians’ and midwives’ prescription patterns concerning the women's continuation rates of oral hormonal contraceptive type. Results In Sweden, there were 782?375 women born between 1977 and 1994 at the time of the study. Of these, 226?211 women were identified as first-time users of hormonal contraceptives. Ethinylestradiol+levonorgestrel, desogestrel-only and ethinylestradiol+drospirenone were the hormonal contraceptives most commonly dispensed to first-time users at rates of 43.3%, 24.4% and 11.1%, respectively. The overall rate of switching contraceptive types in the first 6?months was 11.3%, which was highest for desogestrel-only (14.3%) and lowest for ethinylestradiol+drospirenone (6.6%). The switching rate for all three products was highest in the 16-year to 19-year age group. Having a repeated dispensation identical to the initial dispensation was highest for users of ethinylestradiol either combined with levonorgestrel or drospirenone, 81.4% and 81.2%, respectively, whereas this rate for the initial desogestrel-only users was 71.5%. The RR of switching of contraceptive type within the first 6?months was 1.35 (95% CI 1.32 to 1.39) for desogestrel-only and 0.63 (0.59 to 0.66) for ethinylestradiol+drospirenone compared with ethinylestradiol+levonorgestrel as the reference category. There were no differences in the women's continuation rates depending on the prescriber categories. Conclusions Desogestrel-only users conferred the highest switcher rate to another hormonal contraceptive within a 6-month period. Users of ethinylestradiol+levonorgestrel were more prone to switch to another product within 6?months than women using ethinylestradiol+drospirenone. These findings may be of clinical importance when tailoring hormonal contraceptives on an individual basis. PMID:24141970

Josefsson, Ann; Wiréhn, Ann-Britt; Lindberg, Malou; Foldemo, Anniqa; Brynhildsen, Jan

2013-01-01

428

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2014-10-01

429

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2012-10-01

430

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2011-10-01

431

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2013-10-01

432

49 CFR 236.512 - Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions obtain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...236.512 Cab signal indication when locomotive enters block where restrictive conditions...system shall be arranged so that when a locomotive enters or is within a block,...

2010-10-01

433

76 FR 39416 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Activities: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special Tariff...Act: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special Tariff...Title: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special...

2011-07-06

434

76 FR 26750 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Activities: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special Tariff...concerning: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special Tariff...Title: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special...

2011-05-09

435

Efficient Strategy to Generate a Vectored Duck Enteritis Virus Delivering Envelope of Duck Tembusu Virus  

PubMed Central

Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is a recently emerging pathogenic flavivirus that has resulted in a huge economic loss in the duck industry. However, no vaccine is currently available to control this pathogen. Consequently, a practical strategy to construct a vaccine against this pathogen should be determined. In this study, duck enteritis virus (DEV) was examined as a candidate vaccine vector to deliver the envelope (E) of DTMUV. A modified mini-F vector was inserted into the SORF3 and US2 gene junctions of the attenuated DEV vaccine strain C-KCE genome to generate an infectious bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) of C-KCE (vBAC-C-KCE). The envelope (E) gene of DTMUV was inserted into the C-KCE genome through the mating-assisted genetically integrated cloning (MAGIC) strategy, resulting in the recombinant vector, pBAC-C-KCE-E. A bivalent vaccine C-KCE-E was generated by eliminating the BAC backbone. Immunofluorescence and western blot analysis results indicated that the E proteins were vigorously expressed in C-KCE-E-infected chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs). Duck experiments demonstrated that the insertion of the E gene did not alter the protective efficacy of C-KCE. Moreover, C-KCE-E-immunized ducks induced neutralization antibodies against DTMUV. These results demonstrated, for the first time, that recombinant C-KCE-E can serve as a potential bivalent vaccine against DEV and DTMUV. PMID:24956180

Zou, Zhong; Liu, Zhigang; Jin, Meilin

2014-01-01

436

Bioengineered probiotics, a strategic approach to control enteric infections  

PubMed Central

Enteric infections account for high morbidity and mortality and are considered to be the fifth leading cause of death at all ages worldwide. Seventy percent of all enteric infections are foodborne. Thus significant efforts have been directed toward the detection, control and prevention of foodborne diseases. Many antimicrobials including antibiotics have been used for their control and prevention. However, probiotics offer a potential alternative intervention strategy owing to their general health beneficial properties and inhibitory effects against foodborne pathogens. Often, antimicrobial probiotic action is non-specific and non-discriminatory or may be ineffective. In such cases, bioengineered probiotics expressing foreign gene products to achieve specific function is highly desirable. In this review we summarize the strategic development of recombinant bioengineered probiotics to control enteric infections, and to examine how scientific advancements in the human microbiome and their immunomodulatory effects help develop such novel and safe bioengineered probiotics. PMID:23327986

Amalaradjou, Mary Anne Roshni; Bhunia, Arun K

2013-01-01

437

Intracellular activity of azithromycin against bacterial enteric pathogens.  

PubMed Central

Azithromycin, a new azalide antibiotic, is active in vitro against a variety of enteric bacterial pathogens. Since it is concentrated inside human neutrophils and other cells, it might be particularly useful in the treatment of infections caused by enteropathogens that invade host tissues. The intracellular activity of azithromycin against several enteric pathogens that had been phagocytosed by neutrophils was determined. Azithromycin was effective in reducing the intracellular viabilities of almost all strains tested, including representative strains of Salmonella, Shigella, and enteroinvasive, enteropathogenic, enterotoxigenic, and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. Erythromycin was also effective in this model system, although azithromycin was generally more effective than erythromycin against strains of invasive enteric pathogens. Cefotaxime reduced intracellular bacterial viability to a lesser extent than either azithromycin or erythromycin. The presence of neutrophils did not significantly affect the activity of azithromycin in this system. Azithromycin may be a useful agent for the treatment of bacterial diarrhea, and clinical trials should be considered. PMID:7810998

Rakita, R M; Jacques-Palaz, K; Murray, B E

1994-01-01

438

Cytomegalovirus Enteritis Causing Ileal Perforation in an Elderly Immunocompetent Individual  

PubMed Central

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is usually subclinical in immunocompetent individuals, however it can be life threatening in an elderly immunocompetent individual. We report a case of CMV enteritis causing ileal perforation in a physically active elderly man. An 88-year-old healthy man presented with abdominal pain and diarrhea. After initial conservative treatment, emergency laparotomy was performed for ileal perforation. The diagnosis of CMV enteritis was based on histological findings revealing many large cells with CMV inclusion bodies in the surgical specimen. In elderly individuals, even though they are immunocompetent, CMV enteritis may result in major complications such as bowel perforation, and it should be included in the differential diagnosis of diarrhea if it is resistant to conventional treatment. PMID:20191024

Lee, Joung Il; Choe, Jae Won; Joo, Kwang Ro; Jung, Sung Won; Shin, Hyun Phil; Choi, Sung Il

2010-01-01

439

Regional ejection fraction and regional area strain for left ventricular function assessment in male patients after first-time myocardial infarction.  

PubMed

In this work, we present a method to assess left ventricle (LV) regional function from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging based on the regional ejection fraction (REF) and regional area strain (RAS). CMR scans were performed for 30 patients after first-time myocardial infarction (MI) and nine age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. The CMR images were processed to reconstruct three-dimensional LV geometry, and the REF and RAS in a 16-segment model were computed using our proposed methodology. The method of computing the REF was tested and shown to be robust against variation in user input. Furthermore, analysis of data was feasible in all patients and healthy volunteers without any exclusions. The REF correlated well with the RAS in a nonlinear manner (quadratic fit-R(2) = 0.88). In patients after first-time MI, the REF and RAS were significantly reduced across all 16 segments (REF: p < 0.05; RAS: p < 0.01). Moreover, the REF and RAS significantly decreased with the extent of transmural scar obtained from late gadolinium-enhanced CMR images. In addition, we show that the REF and RAS can be used to identify regions with compromised function in the patients with preserved global ejection fraction with reasonable accuracy (more than 78%). These preliminary results confirmed the validity of our approach for accurate analysis of LV regional function. Our approach potentially offers physicians new insights into the local characteristics of the myocardial mechanics after a MI. PMID:25694545

Teo, Soo-Kng; Vos, F J A; Tan, Ru-San; Zhong, Liang; Su, Yi

2015-04-01

440

Serotonergic pathways in the Drosophila larval enteric nervous system.  

PubMed

The enteric nervous system is critical for coordinating diverse feeding-related behaviors and metabolism. We have characterized a cluster of four serotonergic neurons in Drosophila larval brain: cell bodies are located in the subesophageal ganglion (SOG) whose neuronal processes project into the enteric nervous system. Electrophysiological, calcium imaging and behavioral analyses indicate a functional role of these neurons in modulating foregut motility. We suggest that the axonal projections of this serotonergic cluster may be part of a brain-gut neural pathway that is functionally analogous to the vertebrate vagus nerve. PMID:24907674

Schoofs, Andreas; Hückesfeld, Sebastian; Surendran, Sandya; Pankratz, Michael J

2014-10-01

441

The Elements of an Effective Dissertation and Thesis: A Step-by-Step Guide to Getting it Right the First Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student guide to writing an effective doctoral dissertation or a master's thesis. This book disaggregates the elements of the dissertation and provides the student with a description, definition, and example of each dissertation element. The author presents multiple viewpoints that include both quantitative and qualitative approaches.…

Calabrese, Raymond L.

2006-01-01

442

A Comparison of Black Entering Full-Time Freshmen in the University of Tennessee, Knoxville with Other Groups, Fall 1973. Office of Institutional Research Vol. 14, No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The responses of the Black entering full-time freshman (B) at UTK are compared with those of the nonblack (NB) at UTK as well as those of the norm group from predominantly black colleges (PBC) on descriptive, attitudinal, and expectancy items of the annual ACE freshman survey. Black students at UTK, like the nonblack, are younger and more recent…

Larsen, Suzanne W.

443

Student Immunization Requirements The State of Illinois code, Reference: (110 ILCS 20) College Student Immunization Act, requires students to provide proof of  

E-print Network

Student Immunization Act, requires students to provide proof of immunity: Measles (Rubeola), Mumps, Rubella (German Measles), and Tetanus/ Diphtheria. To help in meeting this requirement, entering students's original language. · MEASLES, MUMPS, RUBELLA: Vaccines for Measles, Mumps, and Rubella must be given

He, Chuan

444

Student Loans: What Do We Want?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A college financial aid administrator argues that good student loan programs are being discontinued because of politics and territoriality, and calls on the banking industry to enter into a more productive partnership with higher education, families, and associations to solve some of the problems of student loan financing and develop good public…

Frishberg, Ellen

1996-01-01

445

Introducing the Action Potential to Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For this simple active learning technique for teaching, students are assigned "roles" and act out the process of the action potential (AP), including the firing threshold, ion-specific channels for ions to enter and leave the cell, diffusion, and the refractory period. Pre-post test results indicated that students demonstrated increased…

Simon-Dack, Stephanie L.

2014-01-01

446

Identifying Students with Dyslexia in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of students with dyslexia enter higher education. As a result, there is a growing need for standardized diagnosis. Previous research has suggested that a small number of tests may suffice to reliably assess students with dyslexia, but these studies were based on post hoc discriminant analysis, which tends to overestimate the…

Tops, Wim; Callens, Maaike; Lammertyn, Jan; Van Hees, Valerie; Brysbaert, Marc

2012-01-01

447

A Study of Student Attrition: Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the initial part of a 2-year study investigating first-year student attrition at Cuyahoga Community College (CCC). Of 388 students entering CCC in the fall of 1968, but not enrolling in the subsequent spring quarter, 146 (38%) supplied data on which the following results are based. A check of respondents' characteristics showed them…

Greive, Donald E.

448

Creating a Faculty Culture of Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sophia Graff, a beginning algebra teacher at Valencia College in Orlando, had an idea. The state of Florida had instituted a mandatory competency test that students needed to pass to enter intermediate algebra, but only a third of her students were succeeding. As part of an action-research project that was required for all professors seeking…

Aspen Institute, 2013

2013-01-01

449

Engineering Communication: Student Reading Assignment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handout, from Justin Foss at the Engineering Technology Pathways project, introduces students to the "four relationships to Engineering Communication to become successful." Those steps are: Mathematical Expression, Communication Skills, 2-Dimensional Drafting and Sketching, and 3-Dimensional Modeling. Each step is elaborated with examples, and the reading is followed by a list of sources for more information. This is an excellent introductory lecture or reading for students just entering the engineering design classroom.

Foss, Justin

450

Entering Tone Recognition in a Support Vector Machine Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces support vector machine classifiers into entering tone recognition. Not every syllable needs recognition in a statistical way. The recognition accuracy of syllables which need recognition in the support vector machine approach is about 90%, which makes it possible to analyze poems' rhymes and translate Mandarin into many Chinese dialects. The experiments also check the influence of context

Xiangcheng Wang; Ying Liu; Lianhong Cai

2008-01-01

451

Update on dental graduates entering medicine 1986–1991  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a previous publication we reviewed the future career plans of 169 dental graduates who entered medical school from 1986 to 1991 inclusive. The aim of the present study was to find out what happened to this group after qualification from medical school.The 169 individuals were traced and a questionnaire was sent to them by mail. A reminder was sent

T. K Ong; P Magennis

2002-01-01

452

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and enteral nutrition in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bulbar involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is often related to a worse prognosis on account of the higher risk of pulmonary aspiration and undernutrition due to dysphagia. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of enteral feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in a long-term follow-up of ALS patients. We report the results of PEG in

L. Mazzini; T. Corrà; M. Zaccala; G. Mora; M. Piano; M. Galante

1995-01-01

453

Class Entering 2012 University of Tennessee Health Science Center  

E-print Network

BSN to Clinical Nurse Leader Curriculum (part-time) Year 1 Summer NSG 505 Informatics* 2 (2-0) NSG 507Class Entering 2012 University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Nursing ­ Revised 2012 Genetics* 1 (1-0) NSG 630 Transition to Professional Nursing*** 3 (3-0) Total for Summer Term Year 1 6 (6

Cui, Yan

454

Dietary lactose and its effects on the disease necrotic enteritis  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Clostridium perfringens (CP) is the etiologic agent of Necrotic enteritis (NE) and is ubiquitous in nature. The incidence of NE has increased in poultry flocks that have stopped using antibiotic growth promoters. The mechanisms of colonization of CP and the factors involved in onset of NE are not ...

455

HABITAT DATA MAPSPROG USER'S MANUAL -131 Why enter and  

E-print Network

HABITAT DATA MAPSPROG USER'S MANUAL - 131 Why enter and verify Habitat data? Assess habitat structure within your station boundary IX. HABITAT STRUCTURE ASSESSMENT DATA A. PREVIEW The Habitat Structure Assessment (HSA) data, as described in the Habitat Structure Assessment Protocol, provide

DeSante, David F.

456

View of hangar access apron entering nose dock hangar. View ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of hangar access apron entering nose dock hangar. View shows exposed tail of aircraft being serviced inside the hangar. Operational apron in background. View to southeast - Offutt Air Force Base, Looking Glass Airborne Command Post, Operational & Hangar Access Aprons, Spanning length of northeast half of Project Looking Glass Historic District, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

457

A Survey of the Complaints Entering the Medical Council Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most important occupational tensions a physician encounters in his\\/her practice is the complaints lodged against him\\/her by the patients. The purpose of this study is examining the complaints against physicians and dentists entering the Medical Council Organization of Tehran in the years ending on 20 March 1992, 20 March 1997 and 20 March 2002 from the viewpoint

Ali Jafarian; Alireza Parsapour; Amirhasan Haj-Tarkhani; Fariba Asghari; Seyyed Hassan; Emami Razavi; Alireza Yalda

458

Development of diagnostic assays to monitor novel poultry enteric viruses  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The gut plays a key role in poultry performance, but much remains to be discovered regarding the complex viral constituency present in the poultry intestinal tract. It is likely that certain enteric viruses may affect the overall health and performance of commercial poultry, and it is possible that...

459

IM SOCCERIM Sports ~ Spring 2014 ENTER: March 3 6  

E-print Network

IM SOCCERIM Sports ~ Spring 2014 ENTER: March 3 ­ 6 instant scheduling. . . register early Sports Soccer - Travel Team members: limited to 2 players per team (roster) and are encouraged to play sport until one full year after receiving the letter. Varsity fringe group players are ineligible

Yener, Aylin

460

Persistence of enteric viruses within oysters (Crassostrea virginica)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

It is well known that water-borne enteric viruses are concentrated by bivalves. Why these viruses are selectively retained and remain infectious within shellfish tissues for extended periods is unknown. Our current hypothesis is that phagocytic hemocytes (blood cells) are a site of virus persiste...

461

RESEARCH ARTICLES The Rate of Adaptive Evolution in Enteric Bacteria  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES The Rate of Adaptive Evolution in Enteric Bacteria Jane Charlesworth* and Adam Eyre-Walker* *Centre for Study of Evolution, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton to be between 25% and 45% in Drosophila (Smith and Eyre- Walker 2002; Bierne and Eyre-Walker 2004). This rises

Eyre-Walker, Adam

462

Temporary feed restriction partially protects broilers from necrotic enteritis.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of feed restriction on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chicks. To induce subclinical necrotic enteritis, an experimental challenge model using a specific diet formulation, Gumboro vaccination, oral inoculation of broilers with a 10-fold dose of attenuated anticoccidial vaccine and multiple oral inoculations with a specific strain of Clostridium perfringens was adopted. Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Cobb 500 broilers were randomly allocated to four groups: feed restricted, challenged, both feed restricted and challenged, and negative control. At 21, 22, 23 and 24 days of age, the intestines, gizzard and liver were collected from 15 birds in each group and scored for gross lesions. The intestinal digesta was collected for pH and viscosity determination. One caecum from each bird was taken for microbiological analysis. The application of feed restriction in birds challenged with C. perfringens reduced the necrotic enteritis lesion score significantly (P ? 0.05) and feed restriction significantly reduced (P ? 0.05) pH in the small intestine, the viscosity of the jejunum digesta as well as the C. perfringens counts in the caeca compared with the controls. In conclusion, feed restriction of broilers has a positive effect on the intestinal ecosystem and a significant protective effect against necrotic enteritis in the subclinical experimental model. PMID:24498863

Tsiouris, V; Georgopoulou, I; Batzios, Chr; Pappaioannou, N; Ducatelle, R; Fortomaris, P

2014-01-01

463

CYBERCHASE: The Interactive Math Adventure Series Enters Its Fifth Season  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CYBERCHASE, an interactive math-based adventure series for young viewers, is entering its fifth season on public broadcasting stations in the United States. This article explore season highlights and suggests benefits of using CYBERCHASE to supplement math lessons in school and at home.

Donlevy, Jim

2006-01-01

464

Hope as a predictor of entering substance abuse treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification of characteristics that predict entry into substance abuse treatment programs may facilitate efforts to make effective programs more attractive to people who could benefit from them. We examined dispositional hope as a predictor of entering a voluntary substance abuse treatment program for federal prison inmates. Controlling statistically for demographics, comorbid diagnoses, and drug-use history, increased hope was associated with

Rhonda Jackson; Rachel Wernicke; David A. F Haaga

2003-01-01

465

CONFIDENTIAL NONDISCLOSURE AGREEMENT MADE AND ENTERED INTO BY AND BETWEEN  

E-print Network

CONFIDENTIAL NONDISCLOSURE AGREEMENT MADE AND ENTERED INTO BY AND BETWEEN BAR-ILAN UNIVERSITY-ILAN"); and ____________________________________________________________________________ (hereinafter, "RECIPIENT"). WHEREAS: BAR-ILAN has in its possession certain confidential ideas and/or data and: __________________________________ - Prof.______________________, hereinafter "CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION"); and WHEREAS BAR-ILAN is willing

Lewenstein, Moshe

466

AN OVERVIEW OF ENTERIC VIRUS EXTRACTION AND ASSAY METHODS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Enteric viruses, particularly norovirus and hepatitis A virus, are major contaminants of molluscan shellfish, leading to outbreaks of viral illness. A host of procedures have been developed for the extraction and assay of viruses from shellfish. Early extraction and assay methods focused on the de...

467

Presence of human enteric viruses in deep urban groundwater  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Enteric viruses, because of their small size, have a high potential to move deeply through the subsurface environment, penetrate aquitards, and reach confined aquifers. Until recently, few water utilities or researchers were aware of possible virus presence in deep aquifers and wells. Over the past ...

468

MECHANISM OF INACTIVATION OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN FRESH WATER  

EPA Science Inventory

Methods developed in the laboratory were used to measure inactivation rates of enteric viruses seeded into freshwaters from a variety of sources. All freshwater samples caused a decrease in poliovirus-1 infectivity of less than 98% within 4 days at 27 deg C. Virus inactivation wa...

469

A Profile of Clients Entering Treatment for Alcohol Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large numbers of clients entering publicly-funded substance abuse treatment facilities cite problems with alcohol as one reason for seeking treatment. This report presents the results of a secondary analysis of the National Treatment Improvement Evaluation Study (NTIES) data set. It profiles the treatment experiences of three study groups that…

Finkbiner, Richard

470

Nasogastric and Enteral Feeding Tubes GI/GU Nasogastric Tubes  

E-print Network

. and 10 FR. Nasogastric and Enteral Feeding Tubes Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Heart Center reduces the risk of exposure to gastric contents. Anderson tube with Anti-Reflux Valve designed double lumen gastric sump tube: The principal green-colored channel is connected to a suction apparatus

Kay, Mark A.

471

MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF ENTERIC VIRUSES CIRCULATING IN THE UNITED STATES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This study investigated the genetic diversity of enteric viruses circulating in poultry. Intestinal samples collected from numerous commercial turkey and broiler flocks from different regions of the United States during 2005, were examined for the presence of astrovirus, rotavirus, reovirus and coro...

472

The Family Characteristics of Youth Entering a Residential Care Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much is known about the mental health and behavioral functioning of youth who enter residential care programs, very little research has focused on examining the family characteristics of this population. Knowledge about family characteristics is important, however, as it can aid in tailoring programs to meet the needs of families who are…

Griffith, Annette K.; Ingram, Stephanie D.; Barth, Richard P.; Trout, Alexandra L.; Hurley, Kristin Duppong; Thompson, Ronald W.; Epstein, Michael H.

2009-01-01

473

Hemorrhagic enteritis in captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Hemorrhagic enteritis and hepatitis of suspected adenovirus etiology were the apparent cause of death of nine captive American kestrels. Cloacal hemorrhage was the only prominent gross lesion: disseminated hepatocellular necrosis, and intranuclear inclusion bodies were evident microscopically. Electron microscopy revealed numerous adenovirus-like particles associated with the hepatic lesions. Attempts to serologically identify the agent were unsuccessful.

Sileo, L.; Franson, J.C.; Graham, D.L.; Domermuth, C.H.; Rattner, B.A.; Pattee, O.H.

1983-01-01

474

49. View of waveguide system entering building no. 105 (typical ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. View of waveguide system entering building no. 105 (typical of all radar scanner buildings), showing testing connection points and monitoring equipment. - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

475

Maternal vaccination against subclinical necrotic enteritis in broilers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inclusion of antibacterial feed additives has until now been the major strategy for controlling Clostridium perfringens-associated necrotic enteritis in broilers. In the present study, the effect of maternal immunization against the disease was examined. Broiler breeder hens were injected intramuscularly with candidate vaccines based on C. perfringens type A and type C toxoids adjuvanted with aluminium hydroxide. Vaccination resulted

Atle Lovland; Magne Kaldhusdal; Keith Redhead; Eystein Skjerve; Atle Lillehaug

2004-01-01

476

Enteral Nu tri tion in Clin i cal Prac tice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enteral nu tri tion has, at long last, found its place in the mod u la tion of dis ease. Be cause o f its im por tance in terms of both an a - bo lic and cat a bolic pro cesses, to day's cli ni cian must have a work ing knowl edge of the type s of

Thomas G. Baumgartner; James J. Cerda; Lehel Somogyi; L. Baumgartner; REVIE W

1999-01-01

477

Mobility of Tylosin and Enteric Bacteria in Soil Columns  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

To maximize production, producers regularly use antibiotics as supplements in animal feed and water to increase weight gain and prevent diseases among their livestock, which may result in nonpoint source pollution of ground or surface waters. This study examined the leaching of the enteric bacteria ...

478

IMMUNOGENOMIC APPROACHES TO STUDY HOST IMMUNITY TO ENTERIC PATHOGENS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

With increasing consumer’s demands for safe poultry products, effective control of disease-causing pathogens is becoming a major challenge to the poultry industry. Many chicken pathogens enter the host through the gastrointestinal tract, and over the past few decades in-feed antibiotics and active ...

479

Nonconsensual Sexual Experiences and Alcohol Consumption among Women Entering College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated the relationship between precollege nonconsensual sexual experiences (NSEs) and drinking among women entering college. College women (N = 797) at a midwestern university participated. Eighteen percent reported one or more NSE prior to arriving at college. Having a precollege NSE was associated with recent drinking, binge…

Ross, Lisa Thomson; Kolars, Candace L. Kurth; Krahn, Dean D.; Gomberg, Edith S. Lisansky; Clark, Ginna; Niehaus, Ashley

2011-01-01

480

Original article Pathogenic characteristics of persistent feline enteric  

E-print Network

, Tamara GEERTS 1 , Leontine S. SCHUIJFF 1 , Guy C.M. GRINWIS 2 , Herman F. EGBERINK 1 , Peter J.M. ROTTIER 1* 1 Virology Division, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary: feline enteric coronaviruses (FECV) and feline infectious peritonitis viruses (FIPV). FECV is associated

Boyer, Edmond

481

AFRICANAMERICAN CAVALRY SOLDIERS AND THEIR MOUNTS ENTER A CORRAL BETWEEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

AFRICAN-AMERICAN CAVALRY SOLDIERS AND THEIR MOUNTS ENTER A CORRAL BETWEEN TWO OF THE 1916 STABLES. PHOTOGRAPH IS LOOKING TO THE WEST AND WAS TAKEN IN 1928 (FORT HUACHUCA HISTORICAL MUSEUM, PHOTOGRAPH 1928.00.00.13, PHOTOGRAPHER UNIDENTIFIED, CREATED BY AND PROPERTY OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY) - Fort Huachuca, Cavalry Stables, Clarkson Road, Sierra Vista, Cochise County, AZ

482

Nutritional analysis of blenderized enteral diets in the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to analyze the nutritional quality and viscosity of blenderized enteral tube feedings (BTFs) from four hospitals in the Philippines. Samples of two different BTFs (one standard and one modified) were collected from each hospital on three separate occasions and analyzed for macronutrients, micronutrients, and viscosity. There was considerable variation among the BTFs for the

Mary M Sullivan; Pearl Sorreda-Esguerra RND; Maria Bernadette; Platon RND; Cynthia G Castro; Nancy R Chou; Susan Shott; Pedro Alarcon

483

GOLF SCRAMBLEIM Sports ~ Summer 2014 ENTER: JUNE 9 -12  

E-print Network

IM Summer GOLF SCRAMBLEIM Sports ~ Summer 2014 ENTER: JUNE 9 - 12 at 101 IM Bldg. (8am-4:30pm) COST: $20 per golfer, walking 2-person teams Bring your PSU ID+Card to entry and event check-in. Golf carts the respective tees, all in the same open division. RULES: IM Golf Scramble Rules, USGA rules, and IM General

Lee, Dongwon

484

ENTERIC VIRUS REMOVAL IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT LAGOON SYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Indigenous enteric virus removal from raw wastewater was examined in facultative and partially aerated treatment lagoon systems at paired sites in the southwest, southeast, and north central regions of the U.S. The virus samples were concentrated from large wastewater volume usin...

485

CAMP BURKHART Middle School Students  

E-print Network

Center for Autism Education & Research of Texas Tech University involves risk of bodily injury, death, its Board of Regents, the Burkhart Center for Autism Education & Research, its officers, agentsCAMP BURKHART Middle School Students WHO: Kids with autism spectrum disorder entering grades 6 - 8

Gelfond, Michael

486

CAMP BURKHART High School Students  

E-print Network

sponsored by the Burkhart Center for Autism Education & Research of Texas Tech University involves risk Tech University, its Board of Regents, the Burkhart Center for Autism Education & Research, itsCAMP BURKHART High School Students WHO: Kids with autism spectrum disorder entering grades 9 -12

Gelfond, Michael

487

East London Experience with Enteric Fever 2007-2012  

PubMed Central

Purpose The clinical presentation and epidemiology for patients with enteric fever at two hospitals in East London during 2007–2012 is described with the aim to identify preventive opportunities and to reduce the cost of treatment. Methods A retrospective analysis of case notes from patients admitted with enteric fever during 2007 to 2012 with a microbiologically confirmed diagnosis was undertaken. Details on clinical presentation, travel history, demographic data, laboratory parameters, treatment, patient outcome and vaccination status were collected. Results Clinical case notes were available for 98/129 (76%) patients including 69 Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) and 29 Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi (S. Paratyphi). Thirty-four patients (35%) were discharged from emergency medicine without a diagnosis of enteric fever and then readmitted after positive blood cultures. Seventy-one of the 98 patients (72%) were UK residents who had travelled abroad, 23 (23%) were foreign visitors/new entrants to the UK and four (4%) had not travelled abroad. Enteric fever was not considered in the initial differential diagnosis for 48/98 (49%) cases. The median length of hospital stay was 7 days (range 0–57 days). The total cost of bed days for managing enteric fever was £454,000 in the two hospitals (mean £75,666/year). Median time to clinical resolution was five days (range 1–20). Seven of 98 (7%) patients were readmitted with relapsed or continued infection. Six of the 71 (8%) patients had received typhoid vaccination, 34 (48%) patients had not received vaccination, and for 31 cases (44%) vaccination status was unknown. Conclusions Further interventions regarding education and vaccination of travellers and recognition of the condition by emergency medicine clinicians in travellers to South Asia is required. PMID:25790017

Dave, Jayshree; Millar, Michael; Maxeiner, Horst; Freedman, Joanne; Meade, Rachel; Rosmarin, Caryn; Jordan, Matthew; Andrews, Nick; Holliman, Richard; Sefton, Armine

2015-01-01

488

'Do you remember the first time?' Host plant preference in a moth is modulated by experiences during larval feeding and adult mating.  

PubMed

In insects, like in other animals, experience-based modulation of preference, a form of phenotypic plasticity, is common in heterogeneous environments. However, the role of multiple fitness-relevant experiences on insect preference remains largely unexplored. For the multivoltine polyphagous moth Spodoptera littoralis we investigated effects of larval and adult experiences on subsequent reproductive behaviours. We demonstrate, for the first time in male and female insects, that mating experience on a plant modulates plant preference in subsequent reproductive behaviours, whereas exposure to the plant alone or plant together with sex pheromone does not affect this preference. When including larval feeding experiences, we found that both larval rearing and adult mating experiences modulate host plant preference. These findings represent the first evidence that host plant preferences in polyphagous insects are determined by a combination of innate preferences modulated by sensory feedback triggered by multiple rewarding experiences throughout their lifetime. PMID:25735877

Proffit, Magali; Khallaf, Mohammed A; Carrasco, David; Larsson, Mattias C; Anderson, Peter

2015-04-01

489

Surface properties of semi-synthetic enteric coating films: Opportunities to develop bio-based enteric coating films for colon- targeted delivery  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This study investigated the surface properties of the semi-synthetic enteric coating materials for potential colon- targeted bioactive delivery. The enteric coating materials were produced by combining nanoscale resistant starch, pectin, and carboxymethylcellulose. The surface properties of the co...

490

Frequency of Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation after First-Time Acute Myocardial Infarction and its Relation to Infarct Location and In-Hospital Mortality  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a common complication after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We aimed to investigate the frequency of IMR following first-time AMI and its association with infarct location, in-hospital mortality, and complications. Methods: From September 2011 to November 2012, all patients with a diagnosis of first-time acute ST-elevation MI were enrolled in the study. Patients with previous MI and heart failure, organic mitral valve disorders, and previous mitral surgery were excluded from the study. The patients' baseline characteristic, echocardiographic parameters, and complications were recorded. The frequency of IMR after AMI and its relation to infarct location and in-hospital mortality were evaluated. Results: Altogether, 250 patients (180 male) at a mean age of 60.21 ± 12.90 years were studied. IMR was detected in 114 (45%) patients. There was no association between the presence of MR and gender, systemic hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, or body mass index; however, serum LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in the patients with IMR . The most frequent territory of MI was anterior in the patients without MR, while the anterolateral territory was the most common one in the patients with IMR. The patients with IMR had more reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, more elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and higher pulmonary arterial pressure (p values < 0.001, < 0.001, and < 0.001, respectively). Stage III diastolic dysfunction was more frequent in the patients with IMR. All the deaths occurred in the IMR patients, who also had more complicated AMI. Conclusion: IMR following AMI is highly prevalent, and it complicates about half of the patients. Regarding its relation to the AMI complications, assessment of the MR severity is necessary to make an appropriate decision for treatment.

Fazlinezhad, Afsoon; Dorri, Mitra; Azari, Ali; Bigdelu, Leila

2014-01-01

491

The Effect of Expectation-Press Incongruency on Junior College Transfer Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates the concept that unrealistic expectations affect the adaptation of entering students to the university environment. Emphasis is placed on the effect that any unrealistic expectations could have on the first semester achievement of junior college transfer students entering the College of Arts and Science at the…

Donato, Donald John

492

Choosing Teaching as a Career: Perspectives of Male and Female Malaysian Student Teachers in Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is motivated by concern about the decline in the numbers of males entering the teaching profession in Malaysia. It seeks to explore first year student teachers' views of teaching as a career choice and to determine the factors that influenced their decision to enter the teaching profession. A total of 425 student teachers completed a…

Azman, Norzaini

2013-01-01

493

Evaluating Student Outcomes at For-Profit Colleges. NBER Working Paper No. 18201  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Beginning Postsecondary Student Survey, we examine the effect on earnings of obtaining certificates/degrees from for-profit, not-for-profit, and public institutions. Students who enter certificate programs at any type of institution do not gain from earning a certificate. However, among those entering associates degree programs, there…

Lang, Kevin; Weinstein, Russell

2012-01-01

494

Career Development for College Students with Asperger's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of students with Asperger's syndrome are entering college today. Students with Asperger's syndrome face complex symptomology such as difficulty with social skills, narrowed interests, sensory issues, and lack of self-awareness that may affect their ability to complete college and successfully enter the workforce.…

Mynatt, Blair Sumner; Gibbons, Melinda M.; Hughes, Amber

2014-01-01

495

[Clinical study of prulifloxacin on infectious enteritis. Japan Research Committee of Prulifloxacin, Research Group on Infectious Enteritis].  

PubMed

Prulifloxacin (PUFX), a new quinolone antimicrobial agent, was administered to a total of 122 patients and carriers to investigate its clinical efficacy, safety and usefulness in infectious enteritis (bacillary dysentery, enteritis caused by Salmonella spp. and enteropathogenic E. coli, cholera and so on). In addition, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of UFX (active compound) was determined against each clinical isolate, and compared with that of ciprofloxacin (CPFX), ofloxacin (OFLX), tosufloxacin (TFLX) and nalidixic acid (NA). The correlation between the concentration of UFX in feces and the change of the fecal microflora were also investigated when PUFX was administered to the patients with acute infectious enteritis. A daily dose of 400 mg of PUFX was administered orally in two divided doses (morning and evening) for 5 days, with the exception of 7 days administration against salmonella enteritis and 3 days administration against cholera. 84 cases were adapted for evaluating the usefulness. The clinical efficacy was 100% in all the enteritis except salmonella enteritis, in which it was 88.9% (8/9 cases). On the bacteriological efficacy, the elimination rate was 100% in all isolates except Salmonella spp., in which it was 75.0% (12/16 cases). As for the adverse effect, uriticaria in moderate degree was observed in 1 (0.9%) of 109 cases. Abnormal changes in laboratory findings were seen in 3 (3.0%) of 100 cases, consisting of 1 with eosinophilia and 2 with elevated S-GPT, although they were all slight in degree. The usefulness rate was 65.5% (55/84 cases) for "very useful" and 95.2% (80/84 cases) for "very useful" and "useful". MIC90 of UFX against Shigella spp., Salmonella spp., E. coli and V. cholerae, was 0.025, 0.05, 0.025 and 0.05 microgram/ml, respectively. These values were the same as those of CPFX and TFLX, and superior to OFLX and NA. UFX concentrations in feces followed by administration of PUFX in 3 cases with acute infectious enteritis were higher than that of MIC90 of UFX against Shigella spp., Salmonella spp., E. coli and V. cholerae. The changes of the fecal microflora, which influence the efficacy and safety of PUFX, were not observed. PMID:8797308

Tomizawa, I; Takizawa, Y; Nitta, Y; Tsunoda, T; Fukuda, H; Yamaguchi, T; Masuda, G; Negishi, M; Ajisawa, A; Murata, M; Ohnishi, K; Irimajiri, S; Obana, M; Sajima, Y; Sagara, H; Kato, H; Hosoda, S; Banba, T; Sasaki, M; Yoshikawa, K; Nakagawa, M; Ohkubo, H; Kim, Y; Akao, M; Fukuyama, M

1996-07-01

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500

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2008-01-01