Sample records for first-time entering students

  1. The Volunteer Potential of First-Time Entering Students: Interest Areas and Incentives. Research Report #4-90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balenger, Victoria J.; Sedlacek, William E.

    A sample of 917 incoming students attending summer orientation at the University of Maryland, College Park, was given a survey assessing their interest in various campus volunteer opportunities. To assess the degree to which level of interest is influenced by the incentives of a monetary award or course credit, students were randomly given one of…

  2. The Impact of Study Abroad on Academic Success: An Analysis of First-Time Students Entering Old Dominion University, Virginia, 2000-2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Min; de Silva, Chandra R.; Neufeldt, Ellen; Dane, Jane H.

    2013-01-01

    There is a widespread assumption that study abroad develops skills that are marketable in an increasingly global market. Students at many institutions, including Old Dominion University (ODU), have undertaken study abroad mostly after their sophomore year, well after they have chosen a major. The profile of U.S. students studying abroad compiled…

  3. A Cohort Analysis of the Relationship between Entering Basic Skills and CLAST Performance for Fall 1981 First-Time-In-College Students. Research Report No. 84-22.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belcher, Marcia

    A study was conducted at a Miami-Dade Community College (MDCC) to determine the relationship between students' level of basic skills at entry and their pass/fail performance on the College-Level Academic Skills Test (CLAST). Specifically, the study focused on students' Comparative Guidance and Placement Test (CGP) scores in reading, writing, and…

  4. 2014-15 Student Funding This document provides a summary of the maximum loan and grant amounts for full-time undergraduate students studying in UK Higher Education (HE), entering for the first time in 2014-15.

    E-print Network

    Evans, Paul

    2014-15 Student Funding This document provides a summary of the maximum loan and grant amounts't include details of supplementary grants, bursaries or scholarships. Resident Studying England Northern) Maintenance Grant - £3,387* Tuition Fee Loan - £9,000 max Living Costs Loan - £5,555 (elsewhere), £4,418 (home

  5. Analysis of the Enrollment Loss among First-Time-in-College Students Attending Miami-Dade Community College. Research Report No. 95-07R.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brann, Herman I.

    From fall 1990 to fall 1994, Florida's Miami-Dade Community College (M-DCC) experienced a decline in enrollment among first-time-in-college students. To determine reasons for the decline, M-DCC examined characteristics and high school of origin of first-time students in the period, categorizing students as direct-entry (i.e., entering within 1…

  6. 6-Year Graduation Rates By Financial Aid Status 6-year (150% time) graduation rate of first-time, full-time degree-seeking undergraduate students, by

    E-print Network

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    6-Year Graduation Rates By Financial Aid Status 6-year (150% time) graduation rate of first Rate Number Entering Graduation Rate Number Entering Graduation Rate Number Entering Graduation Rate Semester 6-Year Graduation Rate of First-Time, Full-Time Undergraduate Students, By Financial Aid Status

  7. Assessing Transfer and First-Time Freshmen Student Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Stephen R.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses a research project that compared the academic performance of community college transfer students with returning students at a four-year institution. Reports that native students demonstrated stronger academic performance than transfers at this institution. (Contains 33 references.) (RC)

  8. Small Business Planning and Management for the First-Time Entrepreneur. Instructor's Resource Manual. Student Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, William H.; Connelly, Donald F.

    This instructor's resource manual and student workbook accompany the textbook of the same name. The manual is intended to help the teacher working with the small business manager and first-time entrepreneur. Each chapter contains these sections: instructional goals; resource people; tips for follow-up activities at the end of each chapter;…

  9. Migration of First-Time First-Year Students to Iowa and from Iowa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greiner, Keith

    2008-01-01

    This report describes the migration of first-time first-year students from other states to Iowa, and from Iowa to other states. Iowa had a net gain of 4,975 first-year students who came to the state to study in 2006. The numbers were provided by over 6,000 colleges and universities across the United States and were analyzed, from an Iowa…

  10. An Analysis of Non-Resident First-Time-In-College Students in Florida Public Postsecondary Institutions. Report and Recommendations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Postsecondary Education Planning Commission, Tallahassee.

    This study examined the enrollment rates and policies related to non-resident first-time-in-college (FTIC) students at State University System (SUS) institutions in Florida. It found that non-resident FTIC students were not taking SUS admission spaces from qualified Florida residents in any great numbers. Nevertheless, it recommends that: (1) the…

  11. FILM OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER)

    E-print Network

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    FILM OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER) NOTE ON REVERSE. GATE REQUIREMENTS FOR FILM OPTION: FILM 100IH ­ Introduction to Film & Photography ...................................................................... 3

  12. Evaluation of an Online Alcohol Education Program for First-Time-in-College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiss, Elayne R.

    2010-01-01

    Alcohol use among college students has maintained its place as a major issue in American higher education since its inception. Although dangerous drinking has always proliferated among college students, institutions have only provided alcohol and other drug (AOD) education and interventions encouraging students to adapt less harmful habits for a…

  13. Accelerated second-degree nursing students: predictors of graduation and NCLEX-RN first-time pass rates.

    PubMed

    Penprase, Barbara B; Harris, Margaret A

    2013-01-01

    It is important to understand and identify factors that affect students' academic performance before entry into a nursing program and as they progress through the program. The authors discuss a study, and its outcomes, that assessed accelerated second-degree nursing students' prenursing and core nursing grades that served to predict their success at completing the nursing program and passing NCLEX-RN on first attempt. Strategies were identified to help at-risk students to be successful in the program and with first-time passage of NCLEX-RN. PMID:23222629

  14. PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER)

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING FALL, 2011 OR LATER) NOTE ON REVERSE. GATE REQUIREMENTS FOR PHOTO OPTION: FILM 100IH ­ Introduction to Film)..................................................................3 PHOTO OPTION REQUIREMENTS (GATE REQUIRED FOR MOST COURSES): PHOT 255

  15. The Influence of the Freshman Academy Model on the English End of Course Test Scores and Promotion Rates of First Time Ninth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerns, Claretta M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of high school transition strategies for ninth grade students in comparison to the traditional high school experience of first time ninth grade students. This study compared the English End-of-Course (EOC) test scores of first time ninth grade students in a traditional high school setting…

  16. Blogging In An Online Course: A Report on Student Satisfaction Among First-time Bloggers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stuart Glogoff

    Decision Making for Information Professionals was a ten-week, online masters-level course taught during summer 2003 to twenty-nine students geographically dispersed across North America. Weblogs were introduced as an additional communication tool to the course's threaded discussion forums and chat room. Assessment data was collected at the course's conclusion examining the students' experiences, attitudes, and overall satisfaction with the weblogs. This

  17. Catering to Students Taking an Online Course for the First Time.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelton, Allison E.

    Students come into online courses with different technological competencies, learning styles, communication skills, motivations, and attitudes. Four types of interactions can be identified in distance education--learner-content, learner-instructor, learner-learner, and learner-interface. There are ten techniques instructors can implement to help…

  18. Overconfidence of Vocational Education Students When Entering Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowden, Mark P.; Abhayawansa, Subhash; Bahtsevanoglou, John

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: There is evidence that students who attend Technical and Further Education (TAFE) prior to entering higher education underperform in their first year of study. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of self-efficacy in understanding the performance of students who completed TAFE in the previous year in a first year subject of…

  19. Relative Tuition Levels and the Educational Focus of First-Time Fulltime Community College Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Nutting

    2005-01-01

    This paper employs a large panel dataset to determine whether potential enrollees in specific two-year college programs respond differently to tuition changes at community colleges and nearby public four-year colleges. Campus-level estimations reveal that enrollment in programs preparing students for transfer to four-year college is very responsive to two-year tuition changes and somewhat responsive to four-year tuition changes, while enrollment

  20. Enteritis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... with suspected enteric infection. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ... with diarrhea and malabsorption. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine . 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ...

  1. MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)

    E-print Network

    Jiang, Wen

    MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later) Graduation Requirements Requirement: Choose one of these four options: (Microbiology majors must choose BIOL 43800 and 43900, General Microbiology and Microbiology lab) A. BIOL 39500 Macromolecules (3 cr.; fall) B. BIOL 36600 Principles

  2. MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later)

    E-print Network

    Jiang, Wen

    MICROBIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2010 or later) Graduation Requirements, Intro. To Evolution & Ecology (2 cr.; fall) 9. One of these four options: (Microbiology majors must choose BIOL 43800 and 43900, General Microbiology and Microbiology lab) A. BIOL 39500 Macromolecules (3

  3. Intolerance of ambiguity in students entering medical school.

    PubMed

    DeForge, B R; Sobal, J

    1989-01-01

    Intolerance of ambiguity is the perception of ambiguous situations as a threat. Medical students with differing levels of intolerance of ambiguity may select medical specialties based upon the amount of ambiguity existing in the practice of each specialty. A cross-sectional survey at one state university administered Budner's Intolerance of Ambiguity Scale to all entering first-year medical students for four consecutive years (N = 609) to investigate patterns of intolerance of ambiguity in relationship with demographic variables and initial medical specialty preference. The medical students in this study were more intolerant of ambiguity than those first studied by Budner in 1962. Students entering in 1985 were slightly more intolerant of ambiguity than students in 1988. Students age 23 and older were less intolerant of ambiguity than students 18-22 years old. Men and students with natural/physical science undergraduate majors were more intolerant of ambiguity than their counterparts. However, medical specialty preference was not related to intolerance of ambiguity. Intolerance of ambiguity may be a personality trait or a learned characteristic, and needs further investigation. PMID:2705020

  4. Facilitating Student Success for Entering California Community College Students: How One Institution Can Make an Impact.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tovar, Esau; Simon, Merril A.

    As the need to serve a broader and larger population of students at the community college level increases, the rate of student success is decreasing at many institutions. There is a greater need to deliver in-class and co-curricular experiences that satisfy the students currently entering college. The Student Success Project at Santa Monica…

  5. CSU Fullerton Office of Institutional Research and Analytical Studies, October, 2009 Predictors for 6-Year Graduation Rates of First-Time Full-Time Students

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    for 6-Year Graduation Rates of First-Time Full-Time Students (Fall 1998 Cohort Through Fall 2002 Cohort on retention and graduation rates, disaggregated by student type and by program. To the extent possible analysis of its own and comparative data on graduation and retention rates, year-to- year attrition, campus

  6. UD Facts & Figures 2013-14 RETENTION RATES FOR ENTERING FIRST-TIME, FULL-TIME FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    BY GENDER & ETHNICITY, RESIDENCY, FIRST-GENERATION, LOW-INCOME, PELL-GRANT, UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY STATUS-American 2 100.0 5 80.0 4 100.0 3 100.0 1 100.0 2 50.0 Hispanic 1 100.0 0 0.0 2 50.0 4 75.0 5 80.0 2 50.7 23 82.6 African-American 1 100.0 2 100.0 2 100.0 0 0.0 1 100.0 2 100.0 Hispanic 1 100.0 1 0.0 2 50

  7. UD Facts & Figures 2013-14 GRADUATION RATES FOR ENTERING FIRST-TIME, FULL-TIME FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

    E-print Network

    Kirby, James T.

    BY GENDER & ETHNICITY, RESIDENCY, FIRST-GENERATION, LOW-INCOME, PELL-GRANT, UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY STATUS.6 100.0 100.0 Hispanic 10 50.0 70.0 70.0 7 42.9 57.1 57.1 19 26.3 47.4 47.4 12 33.3 66.7 66.7 25 44.0 72.8 53.8 53.8 18 16.7 44.4 61.1 17 41.2 64.7 70.6 16 31.2 68.8 81.2 14 42.9 78.6 78.6 Hispanic 6 33.3 66

  8. UD Facts & Figures 2013-14 GRADUATION RATES FOR ENTERING FIRST-TIME, FULL-TIME FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    BY GENDER & ETHNICITY, RESIDENCY, FIRST-GENERATION, LOW-INCOME, PELL-GRANT, UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY STATUS 13.0 34.8 0.0 26 30.8 15.4 3.8 26 34.6 23.1 7.7 17 29.4 29.4 0.0 9 55.6 44.4 0.0 Hispanic 10 50.0 20.9 35.7 0.0 Hispanic 6 33.3 33.3 0.0 7 42.9 0.0 0.0 8 25.0 25.0 0.0 12 33.3 33.3 8.3 13 30.8 46.2 0

  9. UD Facts & Figures 2013-14 RETENTION RATES FOR ENTERING FIRST-TIME, FULL-TIME FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    BY GENDER & ETHNICITY, RESIDENCY, FIRST-GENERATION, LOW-INCOME, PELL-GRANT, UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY STATUS.9 144 81.2 108 76.9 139 84.9 African-American 23 82.6 26 69.2 26 92.3 17 76.5 9 100.0 29 82.8 Hispanic-American 13 76.9 18 83.3 17 94.1 16 81.2 14 92.9 17 94.1 Hispanic 6 100.0 7 42.9 8 62.5 12 66.7 13 92.3 18 77

  10. UD Facts & Figures 2013-14 GRADUATION RATES FOR ENTERING FIRST-TIME, FULL-TIME FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

    E-print Network

    Kirby, James T.

    BY GENDER & ETHNICITY, RESIDENCY, FIRST-GENERATION, LOW-INCOME, PELL-GRANT, UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY STATUS.0 50.0 50.0 5 20.0 60.0 60.0 4 75.0 75.0 100.0 3 33.3 33.3 33.3 1 100.0 100.0 100.0 Hispanic 1 100.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 100.0 100.0 100.0 Hispanic 1 0.0 100.0 100.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 2 50.0 50.0 50.0 7 42

  11. UD Facts & Figures 2013-14 GRADUATION RATES FOR ENTERING FIRST-TIME, FULL-TIME FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    BY GENDER & ETHNICITY, RESIDENCY, FIRST-GENERATION, LOW-INCOME, PELL-GRANT, UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY STATUS.0 4 75.0 0.0 25.0 3 33.3 0.0 0.0 1 100.0 0.0 0.0 Hispanic 1 100.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2 50.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2 0.0 50.0 0.0 2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 100.0 0.0 0.0 Hispanic 1 0.0 100.0 0.0 1 0

  12. What Is Direct Loan Entrance Counseling? Federal regulations require that you, as a first-time student loan borrower, complete an

    E-print Network

    Bieber, Michael

    What Is Direct Loan Entrance Counseling? Federal regulations require that you, as a first-time student loan borrower, complete an Entrance Counseling session. You can complete the entire session online session is designed to inform you of important information you should know before you borrow a loan

  13. "So You Are from England": Categorization and Cultural Reduction in First-Time Conversation Lounge Encounters between Foreign Teachers and Japanese Students of EFL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nao, Marion

    2015-01-01

    The article explores "culture talk" at the outset of first-time encounters between teachers and students of English as a foreign language in the conversation lounge of a Japanese university. It analyses the interactional procedures by which the foreign place of origin of the teacher becomes the topic of conversation following his or her…

  14. The Influence of Participation in Student Nurse Extern Programs on NCLEX-RN Pass Rates for First-Time Candidates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joy Turner Washburn

    2006-01-01

    Background: NCLEX-RN pass rate data for first-time candidates is used as a method to assess the quality of nursing education programs by nursing education accreditation bodies. In several states, the board of nursing uses NCLEX-RN pass rate data to measure the educational effectiveness of nursing programs operating within its’ jurisdiction. Educators and administrators in nursing programs are concerned about NCLEX-RN

  15. Analysis of Persistence after Four Semesters: Fall 1979 Entering Students. Student Flow Program, Report 15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Kapiolani Community Coll.

    In September 1981, a study was conducted to determine the number and proportion of students entering Kapiolani Community College in fall 1979 who: (1) attended only one semester (non-persisters); (2) attended two or three consecutive semesters, dropped out and never returned (stop-outs); (3) attended one or two semesters, dropped out, but again…

  16. First Time International College Students' Level of Anxiety in Relationship to Awareness of Their Learning-Style Preferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Arlene Shorter

    2011-01-01

    Given the receptivity of American colleges to international students, administrators and professors must recognize the diversity such registrants bring to campus in the form of achievement, age, gender, language, and national differences. The purpose of this study was to compare learning style preferences of international first year college…

  17. A Small-Scale Client Project for Business Writing Students: Developing a Guide for First-Time Home Buyers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreth, Melinda L.

    2005-01-01

    This assignment reflects a client-based pedagogy, which is often used in technical and professional communication courses. Unlike service learning pedagogy, which emphasizes social activism, client-based pedagogy focuses on helping students to understand and respond effectively to "real-world" clients and their organizational contexts. Also,…

  18. Fathering: The First Time.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Bruce

    1985-01-01

    Describes a group called "Fathering: The First Time" formed to help new fathers cope with stress and to share support and information. Discusses the therapists' role and group process from euphoria to competency. (JAC)

  19. Successful Hispanic Male First-Time-In-College Students at a Community College in South Texas: Experiences That Facilitate Fall First-Term Student Persistence Through Official Reporting Date

    E-print Network

    Serrata, William

    2011-02-22

    SUCCESSFUL HISPANIC MALE FIRST-TIME-IN-COLLEGE STUDENTS AT A COMMUNITY COLLEGE IN SOUTH TEXAS: EXPERIENCES THAT FACILITATE FALL FIRST-TERM STUDENT PERSISTENCE THROUGH OFFICIAL REPORTING DATE A Dissertation by WILLIAM SERRATA Submitted to the Office... COMMUNITY COLLEGE IN SOUTH TEXAS: EXPERIENCES THAT FACILITATE FALL FIRST-TERM STUDENT PERSISTENCE THROUGH OFFICIAL REPORTING DATE A Dissertation by WILLIAM SERRATA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  20. Are STEM High School Students Entering the STEM Pipeline?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franco, M. Suzanne; Patel, Nimisha H.; Lindsey, Jill

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the career skills and interests for students in two STEM schools to national data. Students completed the KUDER skills assessment and career planning online tools. Results were compared across school, grade level, and sex. The results provided evidence that STEM high school students expressed career intents in predominately…

  1. Knowledge Structures of Entering Computer Networking Students and Their Instructors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiCerbo, Kristen E.

    2007-01-01

    Students bring prior knowledge to their learning experiences. This prior knowledge is known to affect how students encode and later retrieve new information learned. Teachers and content developers can use information about students' prior knowledge to create more effective lessons and materials. In many content areas, particularly the sciences,…

  2. Dear Friends, As we enter Homecoming weekend with many activities for current students, alumni and the

    E-print Network

    Dear Friends, As we enter Homecoming weekend with many activities for current students, alumni and learned about her work. She has been instrumental in retaining kids at North and guiding them towards

  3. MSc/Postgraduate Diploma/ Postgraduate Certificate in Applied Meteorology For students entering in 2010

    E-print Network

    Hogan, Robin

    1 MSc/Postgraduate Diploma/ Postgraduate Certificate in Applied Meteorology For students entering Reynolds (Meteorology) Board of Studies: School of MMP PG taught programmes Accreditation: The programme is approved by the Royal Meteorological Society as appropriate training for meteorologists seeking

  4. PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING fAU2011 OR LATER)

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    PHOTO OPTION CURRICULUM (FOR STUDENTS ENTERING fAU2011 OR LATER) NOTE: ALL COURSE NUMBERS .........................................................................................3 MTA 260 - Intro Color Photo): .................................................................................9 MTA 2XX - Documentary Film & Photography (3) MTA303 - Early History of Photo (3) MTA304

  5. Influence of the Relationship between the Student Teacher and Cooperating Teacher on Student Teacher's Decision to Enter Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasperbauer, Holly J.; Roberts, T. Grady

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine if student teachers' perceptions of the student teacher/cooperating teacher relationship were predictive of their decisions to enter the teaching profession. The target population of this study consisted of preservice agricultural education students at Texas A&M University. The accessible sample consisted…

  6. Diagnostic Tests for Entering and Departing Undergraduate Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waltham, Chris; Kotlicki, A.

    2006-12-01

    A diagnostic test administered at the start of a class should test basic concepts which are recognized as course prerequisites. The questions should not be over-packaged: e.g. students should be required to create models, rather than this being done for them each time. Students should be allowed great latitude in their answers, so we can discover what they are thinking. When administered at the end of a class the goals should be similar: testing concepts taught in the class itself and the retention of necessary concepts from previous classes. Great care has to be taken to avoid teaching to the test. In assessing an entire program, for example an undergraduate majors degree in physics, then one looks for very general skills and knowledge not specific to any one course. The purpose of an undergraduate degree in physics (or indeed any science) is to equip the students with a set of problem-solving skills and basic knowledge which can be applied in a large variety of workplace settings and to allow that student to contribute to civic society as a science-literate person. The creator of any diagnostic test should always have these big goals in mind. We have developed a set of questions which we think fulfill these criteria, yet are not specific to any particular level of science education. They have been administered to students in secondary schools across Canada, incoming first-year science students and final-year physics students at the University of British Columbia. The results will be presented.

  7. CHECK LIST FOR MAJORS IN HISTORY (For students entering NKU since Fall 2007)

    E-print Network

    Acosta, Charles A.

    ­ History of Europe to 1713 HIS 101 ­ History of Europe since 1713 Or: HIS 108 - World History to 1500 _______ _____________ HIS 109 - World History since 1500 _______ _____________ AND Either: HIS 102 ­ History of U.S. to 1877CHECK LIST FOR MAJORS IN HISTORY (For students entering NKU since Fall 2007) Student Name

  8. Analysis and Classification of Entering Freshmen Mathematic Students Using Multiple Discriminate Function Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahrens, Steve

    Predictor variables that could be used effectively to place entering freshmen methematics students into courses of instruction in mathematics were investigated at West Virginia University. Multiple discriminant analysis was used with nearly 6,000 student records collected over a three-year period, and a series of predictive equations were…

  9. Who Are the Future Teachers in Turkey? Characteristics of Entering Student Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksu, Meral; Demir, Cennet Engin; Daloglu, Aysegul; Yildirim, Soner; Kiraz, Ercan

    2010-01-01

    This exploratory study examines the background characteristics, socio-cultural values and pedagogical beliefs that entering student teachers bring with them into the faculties of education and explores their possible implications for teacher education in the Turkish context. The study comprised 18,226 first-year student teachers from 51 faculties…

  10. FINANCIAL AID APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS Entering Medical Student Version

    E-print Network

    office on a timely basis, I recommend you complete your FAFSA or Renewal FAFSA as soon as possible recommend that accepted applicants file the FAFSA and all Medical College of Wisconsin forms within a month.annualcreditreport.com. FREE APPLICATION FOR FEDERAL STUDENT AID (FAFSA) This form is used to calculate your expected

  11. FINANCIAL AID APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS Entering Medical Student Version

    E-print Network

    you complete your FAFSA or Renewal FAFSA as soon as possible. Additional information and deadline aid forms as soon as possible. We recommend that accepted applicants file the FAFSA and all Medical STUDENT AID (FAFSA) This form is used to calculate your expected contribution and provide demographic

  12. MULTI-YEAR FELLOWSHIPS AND OTHER AWARDS FOR ENTERING STUDENTS

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Lucia

    . Multi-year fellowships include: Mellon Top-Off Fellowships attract and recruit top Humanities the Mellon Top-Off nominations. Berkeley Fellowships attract and recruit exceptional students in all fields a career in teaching/ research. Achievement Rewards for College Scientists (ARCS) Fellowship attracts

  13. Physical Health and Stress in Entering Dental Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubenstein, Loretta K.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    A study of the health and exercise habits of first-year dental students found that a large proportion had a healthy lifestyle and, somewhat more males than females, regular exercise. A significant negative correlation appeared between trait anxiety and physical activity level. Implications are discussed. (MSE)

  14. A Quantitative Analysis of a Mandatory Student Success Course on First-Time Full-Time Student College Academic Progress and Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klinkenberg, Laurel Beth

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, community colleges have come into the spotlight nationally in terms of their potential to assist in the revitalization of the economy. This has resulted in an increased need for community colleges to understand more fully the factors that influence student persistence. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to…

  15. Fall 1974 Entering Students at the End of Their Sixth Semester, Fall 1974 Through Spring 1977: Third Report. Student Flow Project, Report No. 29.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

    In an extensive student progression report, six semesters of student flow data are summarized for 7,046 new students and 2,125 transfer students who entered the Hawaii community colleges in fall 1974. Continuation rates, full-time rates, credit-completion rates (CCR), changes of major, and graduates are analyzed by semester in terms of entering

  16. Persistence of L.A.C.C. Students Entering in Fall, 1967.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Ben K.

    This study of Los Angeles City College (LACC) attrition examined characteristics of 397 randomly selected students who entered in the fall of 1967. Summaries of the more important findings follow. Ninety per cent of the sample population persisted through the first semester, though only sixteen per cent returned to complete a fifth semester.…

  17. Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook In effect for students entering Fall 2013

    E-print Network

    Kulp, Mark

    Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook In effect for students entering Fall 2013 Department of Planning and Urban Studies / College of Liberal Arts 368 Milneburg Hall University of New Orleans 2000 Lakeshore Drive New Orleans, LA 70148 #12;Urban Studies Doctoral Program Handbook 1 DOCTORAL PROGRAM

  18. Texas Tech University introduces the Aim High Grant for transfer students entering spring 2012.

    E-print Network

    Westfall, Peter H.

    Texas Tech University introduces the Aim High Grant for transfer students entering spring 2012 be enrolled in at least 12 credit hours. To receive the Aim High Grant, add Texas Tech's school code (003644.gragg@ttu.edu. get started. Apply to Texas Tech. www.applytexas.org anew opportunityto themark. andhit a new grant

  19. Burnout among Entering MSW Students: Exploring the Role of Personal Attributes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Han, Meekyung; Lee, Sang E.; Lee, Peter Allan

    2012-01-01

    Although individual susceptibility to burnout within a similar structural context is well-documented in other helping professions, little is known about the relationship between personal attributes and burnout in social work. Furthermore, despite a large number of entering MSW students with prior work experience, there is a paucity of research…

  20. Calling all..... First Time Freshmen

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Calling all..... First Time Freshmen Open House June 19th 5:00pm-6:30pm First time Freshmen and number of people attending We welcome all First Time Freshmen to come and explore what awaits you at CSUF Irvine Campus!! All Academic Advisement for First Time Freshmen is done at the Fullerton Campus through

  1. Applying to an Engineering Program Students enter first-year engineering in a common program and select their departmental program

    E-print Network

    Calgary, University of

    Applying to an Engineering Program Students enter first-year engineering in a common program and select their departmental program choice near the end of their first year. Students rank the seven programs from most-preferred to least

  2. Career influences among final year dental students who plan to enter private practice

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Existing research about the influence of educational debt on students’ decision to enter general practice immediately after graduation is conflicting. Other potential factors that could affect this decision include the influence of a spouse or other family member, the importance of a mentoring dentist, and how students perceive the burden of their debt. The goal of this study was to examine the importance of debt on career decision-making while also considering the role of other influences. Methods Responses to a self-completed questionnaire of all final (fourth) year students at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry from 2007 through 2010 were analyzed to identify the importance of educational debt and the influence of spouses, other family members, and mentoring dentists in the decision to enter private general practice immediately after graduation. Statistical analysis included bivariate tests (t-tests and Chi-square tests) and multivariable logistic regression. Results 58.9% of respondents (N?=?156) planned to immediately enter private practice after dental school. Bivariate analyses revealed women to be more likely to enter private practice than their male counterparts (69.0% vs. 51.8%, p?=?.006). Students planning to enter practice immediately did not differ significantly from those with other career plans on the basis of marital status or having a family member in dentistry. Anticipated educational debt of at least $100,000 was positively associated with plans to enter private practice immediately after graduation. Self-reported importance of educational debt was not associated with career plans. However, the influence of a spouse, other family members, and family dentists were also positively associated with the decision to enter private practice. These factors all maintained significance in the final multivariable model (p?enter private practice (OR?=?2.34; p?=?0.023). Conclusions Since the 1970s, increasing numbers of dentists in the U.S. have pursued specialty training after dental school. However, rising educational debts may counter this trend as increasing numbers of dentists choose to immediately pursue general dentistry at graduation. This project has demonstrated the significant influence of educational debt, beyond other external influences. PMID:24606674

  3. Harvest: A Study of 1,775 Students Who Entered El Paso Community College in the Fall of 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Helen; Grady, Michael J.

    Harvest is a follow-up study on 1,775 students who entered El Paso Community College, Colorado Springs, Colorado for the fall 1973 term. Data through spring 1976 were analyzed. The study was undertaken to seek answers to the following questions: (1) How do students who enter with basic skills at the elementary, junior high, or high school level…

  4. Fall 1975 Entering Students at the End of Their Sixth Semester. Fall 1975 Through Spring 1978: Third Report. Report No. 43, Student Flow Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Community Coll. System.

    In an extensive student progression report, six semesters of student flow data are summarized for 6,577 new and 2,402 transfer students who entered the Hawaii community colleges in fall 1975. Continuation rates, full-time rates, credit-completion rates (CCR), changes of major, and graduates are analyzed by semester in terms of entering status by…

  5. An assessment of entering freshman medical students' knowledge of and attitudes toward AIDS.

    PubMed

    Barkley, S E; Mason, J L; Kappelman, M M

    1988-01-01

    The purpose of this survey was to determine entering freshman medical student awareness of and attitudes toward AIDS. It is encouraging to find that, in general, students are well informed about AIDS before entering medical school; they have very real concerns about the possibility of contracting AIDS themselves as future care givers; and that they, in the final analysis, will consent to function as care givers to patients who have or may have AIDS while assuming responsibility to take appropriate precautions. It is important to stress that this survey reflects the pre-formed attitudes of entering freshman medical students. The University of Maryland School of Medicine is actively involved with the integration of AIDS education officially into the medical school curriculum. The results of this survey highlight the need for the inclusion of learning experiences designed to enhance physician/patient interaction skills when administering care to AIDS patients. It is believed that the acquisition of these desirable skills will generalize to better quality care for all patients. It is planned to administer the HIV/AIDS Questionnaire in a follow-up study to graduating seniors to assess their knowledge and attitudes toward AIDS. This will permit a comparison of attitude change among medical students, and an evaluation of newly implemented curricular changes. PMID:3218860

  6. Sources of academic and self-regulatory efficacy beliefs of entering middle school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen L. Usher; Frank Pajares

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of Bandura’s (1997) hypothesized sources of self-efficacy on the academic and self-regulatory efficacy beliefs of entering middle school students (N=263) and to explore whether these sources differ as a function of gender, reading ability, and race\\/ethnicity. For the full sample, mastery experience, vicarious experience, social persuasions, and physiological state independently

  7. Stress and cardiometabolic manifestations among Saudi students entering universities: a cross-sectional observational study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background In this observational study, we aimed to see whether transition in Saudi students entering university life could be a breeding stage for cardiometabolic risk factor emergence and clustering. Methods A total of 1878 apparently healthy Saudi students of the Preparatory Year, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA (1112 men and 766 women) spanning 2 academic years were included. They were divided into 2 groups based on the validated perceived stress test (PST). Anthropometrics were obtained and fasting blood samples were collected for measurement of fasting blood glucose and a lipid profile. Results PST score (>27) considered indicative of stress was noted in 44.4% of students. The prevalence of this score was higher in women than in men (49.7% versus 40.7%). The prevalence of obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia was significantly higher in men than women (p?students entering universities. This study sheds light on the social responsibility of universities in promoting a healthy lifestyle, particularly in this age group, when exposure to different kinds of stressors may result in body weight and metabolic changes. PMID:24755010

  8. Comparing the College of Charleston to Other Institutions: Diversity-Acceptance Rates and Yield Rates of First-time, Full-time Degree-Seeking Students: by Time Status South Carolina Institutions

    E-print Network

    Kasman, Alex

    -Acceptance Rates and Yield Rates of First-time, Full-time Degree-Seeking Students: by Time Status South Carolina Citadel Military College of South Carolina 618 58 676 0 0 0 618 58 676 Clemson University 1,714 1,721 3,206 University of South Carolina-Columbia 2,019 2,561 4,580 26 19 45 2,045 2,580 4,625 Winthrop University 325

  9. [Meaning of the death/dying process for entering nursing students].

    PubMed

    Benedetti, Gabriella Michel dos Santos; de Oliveira, Kézia; de Oliveira, William Tiago; Sales, Catarina Aparecida; Ferreira, Patrícia Chatalov

    2013-03-01

    This is a qualitative study, based on Heidegger's existential phenomenology, with the purpose of revealing the meaning of death/dying for freshmen students of the nursing program. The study was developed in a public university in the northwest of Paraná, Brazil between August and October 2010, and 33 entering students from a Nursing program were interviewed. The following existential themes emerged from the phenomenological analysis: "Understanding death as a difficult process to be understood"; "Understanding death as a natural process"; and "Perceiving death as a passage to another life". The present study allowed to understand that knowledge and death are entangled in the temporality and the historicity of every being, which requires a scientific, ethical and philosophical understanding of the death/dying phenomenon so that the scholar may prepare for the humanized care of the patient and his/her family. PMID:23781739

  10. The answer is questions: accelerated-nursing students report practice questions are fundamental to first-time NCLEX-RN success.

    PubMed

    Blozen, Barbara B

    2014-01-01

    There are a number of anecdotal reports on demographic characteristics and academic success of accelerated-nursing students; yet few empirical studies have examined accelerated-nursing students NCLEX-RN success. Applying Knowles' adult learning theory as a guiding framework, the purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the accelerated-nursing students' perspective, the factors reported as contributing to their success on the NCLEX-RN. The research questions aimed to elicit participants' descriptions of their experiences and factors contributing to their success via individual interviews. The most significant finding the participants identified as the factor that contributed to their success was the practicing of NCLEX-RN questions. The findings of this study have several implications for educational policy and practice for universities and schools of nursing as the information gained from this study applies to recruitment and retention as well as curriculum and educational strategies in an accelerated-nursing program. PMID:26021133

  11. Implementing Process-Oriented, Guided-Inquiry Learning for the First Time: Adaptations and Short-Term Impacts on Students' Attitude and Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, Anthony; Pakhira, Deblina; Stains, Marilyne

    2013-01-01

    Innovative, research-based instructional practices are critical to transforming the conventional undergraduate instructional landscape into a student-centered learning environment. Research on dissemination of innovation indicates that instructors often adapt rather than adopt these practices. These adaptations can lead to the loss of critical…

  12. Predicting Persistence for First-Time Undergraduate Adult Students at Four-Year Institutions Using First-Term Academic Behaviors and Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, J. Cody; Holbrook, Wesley T.

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) reported that, in the 24 to 54 age range, the United States ranked thirty-fourth among all for individuals with a postsecondary credential. For the United States to increase in rank, adult students, who are projected to increase by 1.9 million in postsecondary enrollment by…

  13. Entering Freshman Transfer and Career Students: A Comparison of Selected Educational Objectives with Recommendations for Transfer and Academic Advisement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padula, Mary S.

    The descriptive study investigated the extent to which entering freshman students and transfer students at Borough of Manhattan Community College (BMCC) are enrolled in degree programs that are compatible with their stated educational objectives, transfer intents, and degree intents. Subjects (N=376) enrolled in a mandatory orientation course were…

  14. Note: Following information for degree-seeking students only. Fall 2011 First-Time First Year VT O/S Total

    E-print Network

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    average student financial aid received. #12;Under- Grad/ Non- graduate MD Degree Total Full,483 943 789 5,215 Non-Resident 6,976 1,053 234 8,263 Total 10,459 1,996 1,023 13,478 College/School Agric (private sources) 11,253,994 Total $184,869,093 Types of Aid Grants and Scholarships

  15. Would medical students enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high mortality rate? An analysis of book reports on 28 (secondary publication)

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Hyung Sun; Heo, Won Young

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to ascertain whether medical students would enter a closed area where there was a raging epidemic of an infectious disease with a high fatality rate, and includes reasons for the students entering or refusing to enter. Participants included 50 second-year medical students. They were assigned to read a novel entitled 28, written by Youjeong Jeong, and discuss it in groups. Using their book reports, their decisions of whether or not to enter Hwayang, the city from the novel, and the reasons for their decisions were analyzed; we furthermore investigated the factors affecting their decisions. Among the 50 respondents, 18 students (36%) answered that they would enter, and the remaining 32 students (64%) answered that they would not enter the zone. The reasons given for entering were responsibility (44%), sense of ethics (33%), social duty (17%), and sense of guilt (6%). The reasons the students provided for not entering were inefficiency (44%), worry regarding family (28%), needlessness of sacrifice (19%), and safety not ensured (9%). Students who had four or fewer family members were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had five or more family members (odds ratio, 1.85). Students who had completed over 100 hours of volunteer work were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had volunteered less than 100 hours (odds ratio, 2.04). Owing to their “responsibility” as a doctor, 36% of medical students answered that they would enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high fatality rate. However, 64% answered they would not enter because of “inefficiency.” For the medical students it is still a question ‘To enter or not to enter?’ PMID:25112443

  16. Would medical students enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high mortality rate? An analysis of book reports on 28 (secondary publication).

    PubMed

    Hwang, Kun; Hong, Hyung Sun; Heo, Won Young

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to ascertain whether medical students would enter a closed area where there was a raging epidemic of an infectious disease with a high fatality rate, and includes reasons for the students entering or refusing to enter. Participants included 50 second-year medical students. They were assigned to read a novel entitled 28, written by Youjeong Jeong, and discuss it in groups. Using their book reports, their decisions of whether or not to enter Hwayang, the city from the novel, and the reasons for their decisions were analyzed; we furthermore investigated the factors affecting their decisions. Among the 50 respondents, 18 students (36%) answered that they would enter, and the remaining 32 students (64%) answered that they would not enter the zone. The reasons given for entering were responsibility (44%), sense of ethics (33%), social duty (17%), and sense of guilt (6%). The reasons the students provided for not entering were inefficiency (44%), worry regarding family (28%), needlessness of sacrifice (19%), and safety not ensured (9%). Students who had four or fewer family members were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had five or more family members (odds ratio, 1.85). Students who had completed over 100 hours of volunteer work were more likely to enter Hwayang than were students who had volunteered less than 100 hours (odds ratio, 2.04). Owing to their "responsibility" as a doctor, 36% of medical students answered that they would enter an exclusion zone in an infected district with a high fatality rate. However, 64% answered they would not enter because of "inefficiency." For the medical students it is still a question 'To enter or not to enter?' PMID:25112443

  17. Special Education Minor The Minor in Special Education is intended for students who plan to enter a graduate

    E-print Network

    Special Education Minor The Minor in Special Education is intended for students who plan to enter a graduate teacher education program and be licensed to teach Special Education. While the minor is not a requirement for admission to the PSU Graduate School of Education, Special Education Program (SPED), it does

  18. Engineering Student YouTube Contest! Enter to win a trip to Ottawa to meet the leaders of the

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Michael

    1 Engineering Student YouTube Contest! Enter to win a trip to Ottawa to meet the leaders to the ACEC YouTube Contest Page by carefully following the steps below: 1) Upload your video to YouTube. 2) Confirm your submission by emailing nboudreau@acec.ca the link to your YouTube video. Include your name

  19. Physician Assistant (P.A.) Degree Most UF students will enter a Physician Assistant program that offers a Master's

    E-print Network

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    UF. Typically some type of certification such as a CNA, EMT, or Medical Assisting certificatePhysician Assistant (P.A.) Degree Most UF students will enter a Physician Assistant program to the national exam, Physician Assistants must be supervised by a physician in order to practice

  20. Graduate Short Film Competition Guidelines The Graduate Recruitment team invite current graduate students to enter short films of no

    E-print Network

    Oxford, University of

    Graduate Short Film Competition Guidelines The Graduate Recruitment team invite current graduate students to enter short films of no longer than 5 minutes to promote graduate study at Oxford. The films Entrants are free to submit films on any topic related to graduate study at Oxford, although the following

  1. Here are some tips for filling out the FAFSA and some common errors to Be careful to enter student and parent Social Security Numbers

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    FAFSA Tips Here are some tips for filling out the FAFSA and some common errors to avoid. Be careful to enter student and parent Social Security Numbers correctly and enter your legal name is correct. Many schools have similar names or close codes and if you enter it incorrectly, your school

  2. The Emotional Experience of First-time Teaching: Reflections from Graduate Instructors, 1997-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meanwell, Emily; Kleiner, Sibyl

    2014-01-01

    Teaching for the first time can be a challenging but rewarding experience. For first-time graduate student instructors, however, it also officially marks the transition from student to teacher--a process that can be both transformational and emotion-laden. In this article, we use content analysis of 86 first-time sociology graduate student

  3. Cost-Effectiveness of Screening and Treating Foreign-Born Students for Tuberculosis before Entering the United States

    PubMed Central

    Wingate, La’Marcus T.; Posey, Drew L.; Zhou, Weigong; Olson, Christine K.; Maskery, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is considering implementation of overseas medical screening of student-visa applicants to reduce the numbers of active tuberculosis cases entering the United States. Objective To evaluate the costs, cases averted, and cost-effectiveness of screening for, and treating, tuberculosis in United States-bound students from countries with varying tuberculosis prevalence. Methods Costs and benefits were evaluated from two perspectives, combined and United States only. The combined perspective totaled overseas and United States costs and benefits from a societal perspective. The United States only perspective was a domestic measure of costs and benefits. A decision tree was developed to determine the cost-effectiveness of tuberculosis screening and treatment from the combined perspective. Results From the United States only perspective, overseas screening programs of Chinese and Indian students would prevent the importation of 157 tuberculosis cases annually, and result in $2.7 million in savings. From the combined perspective, screening programs for Chinese students would cost more than $2.8 million annually and screening programs for Indian students nearly $440,000 annually. From the combined perspective, the incremental cost for each tuberculosis case averted by screening Chinese and Indian students was $22,187 and $15,063, respectively. Implementing screening programs for German students would prevent no cases in most years, and would result in increased costs both overseas and in the United States. The domestic costs would occur because public health departments would need to follow up on students identified overseas as having an elevated risk of tuberculosis. Conclusions Tuberculosis screening and treatment programs for students seeking long term visas to attend United States schools would reduce the number of tuberculosis cases imported. Implementing screening in high-incidence countries could save the United States millions of dollars annually; however there would be increased costs incurred overseas for students and their families. PMID:25924009

  4. Community College Student First Year Fall to Fall Persistence: Experiences of Successful First-Time-In-College Hispanics at a Predominately Hispanic Student Community College in the South Texas/Mexico Border Region 

    E-print Network

    Canales, Luzelma

    2012-02-14

    . The researcher also recommended the development and implementation of collaborative programs and services between the public school districts and the community college for facilitating the acquisition of general college knowledge by high school students before...

  5. A Retention Study of Entering Students in Basic Skills Courses and Students in Non-Basic Skills Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oromaner, Mark

    This report presents comparative information on full-time students at Hudson County Community College who were required to take basic skills courses and full-time students who did not have to take basic skills courses. Data are provided on 413 students (291 basic skills and 122 non-basic skills students) whose progress was followed from their…

  6. Inclusion Functioning as Exclusion: New Students Entering the Academy of Music in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene

    2015-01-01

    This article presents findings from a pioneer study addressing the first co-action between students with intellectual disabilities and an Academy of Music in Sweden. The aim of the article is to study and discuss subject positions that are constructed in rhythmic lessons related to a gathering where students with intellectual disabilities interact…

  7. Enter the Matrix! Considering the Communication Needs of Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easterbrooks, Susan R.; Baker, Sharon K.

    2001-01-01

    This article provides a matrix to help Individualized Education Program committees consider and document all pertinent information concerning the communication needs of students who are deaf or hard of hearing. Eight key questions to consider are discussed. The matrix lists 10 questions with space to identify the student's skills and needs by…

  8. Lifelong learning skills: how experienced are students when they enter medical school?

    PubMed

    Whittle, Sue R; Murdoch-Eaton, Deborah G

    2004-09-01

    Widening participation initiatives together with changes in school curricula in England may broaden the range of lifelong learning skills experience of new undergraduates. This project examines the experience levels of current students, as a comparative baseline. First-year medical students completed a questionnaire on arrival, investigating their practice of 31 skills during the previous two years. Responses show that most students have regularly practised transferable skills. However, significant numbers report little experience, particularly in IT skills such as email, using the Internet, spreadsheets and databases. Some remain unfamiliar with word processing. Library research, essay writing and oral presentation are also rarely practised by substantial numbers. One-third of students lack experience of evaluating their own strengths and weaknesses. Current students already show diversity of experience in skills on arrival at medical school. Changes in the near future may increase this range of experience further, and necessitate changes to undergraduate courses. PMID:15763840

  9. Whatever Happened to the Class of 1994? A Three-Year Longitudinal Study of Traditional Freshmen Entering Frederick Community College in the Fall 1994 Semester.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holton, James M.

    Traditional freshmen, or first-time students who enter college immediately after graduating high school, represent the largest identifiable group of students within Frederick Community College's (FCC) student body. They are afforded a considerable amount of resources from college staff, and for them the college follows various measurements of…

  10. Revised 6/2013 PLAN OF STUDY FOR STUDENTS ENTERING WITH A

    E-print Network

    McLaughlin, Richard M.

    : Communication and the Social 703b: Communication and Discourse 703c: Communication and the Political 1 M.A. exam of Communication Studies University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Name of Communication Studies at UNC Chapel Hill is a question-driven program. It requires students to pursue excellence

  11. Revised 6/2013 PLAN OF STUDY FOR STUDENTS ENTERING WITH

    E-print Network

    McLaughlin, Richard M.

    : Communication and Discourse 703c: Communication and the Political 2 professional development courses: 702 of Communication Studies University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Name of Communication Studies at UNC Chapel Hill is a question-driven program. It requires students to pursue excellence

  12. Abdullah's Blogging: A Generation 1.5 Student Enters the Blogosphere

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Joel

    2007-01-01

    Blogging has emerged as one of the most popular forms of online discourse. The ease and lack of expense in setting up blogs has raised intriguing possibilities for language learning classrooms. The unique nature of their architecture and their low cost have not only affected how students can publish and distribute their work to a wider audience…

  13. Applying for the PhD Graduate Program Typically, entering students will take interdisciplinary courses in

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    courses in molecular, cell and systems biology along with Introductory Pharmacology, Journal Club, choose the research advisor and take the qualifying examination. Students start their dissertation to the Department of Pharmacology's Ph.D. program should be submitted online by completing the WSU Graduate

  14. Measuring What Students Entering School Know and Can Do: PIPS Australia 2006-2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wildy, Helen; Styles, Irene

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports analysis of 2006-2007 on-entry assessment data from the Performance Indicators in Primary Schools Baseline Assessment (PIPS-BLA) of random samples of students in England, Scotland, New Zealand and Australia. The analysis aimed, first, to investigate the validity and reliability of that instrument across countries and sexes, and,…

  15. Entering the World of Work: A Curriculum for Two-Year Technical Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClung, Xavier V.

    2002-01-01

    Argues that students in two-year technical programs need courses that train them in job and job-hunting skills. The transition from school to work can be difficult, and a job-skills class can prepare them for some of the changes inherent in the process. Itemizes job search strategies. (NB)

  16. Perceived Stress Scores among Saudi Students Entering Universities: A Prospective Study during the First Year of University Life

    PubMed Central

    Al-Daghri, Nasser M.; Al-Othman, Abdulaziz; Albanyan, Abdulmajeed; Al-Attas, Omar S.; Alokail, Majed S.; Sabico, Shaun; Chrousos, George P.

    2014-01-01

    In this prospective study we wanted to determine whether perceived stress over time among students in the Preparatory Year of King Saud University (KSU) predisposes them to cardiometabolic abnormalities. A total of 110 apparently healthy Saudi students (35 men and 75 women enrolled during the 2010?2011 academic year) were included. Perceived stress was determined at baseline and 1 year later. Anthropometrics were obtained and morning fasting serum glucose, lipid profile and cortisol were measured at both times. Perceived stress was noted among 48.2% of subjects at baseline and was not significantly different after follow-up, with 45.4% scoring high. In men, the prevalence of perceived stress was 48.6% at baseline (13 out of 35) and 37.1% at follow-up (13 out of 35), while in women it was 48% at baseline and 49.3% at follow-up. Interestingly, significant improvements in the blood pressure and lipid profiles, with the exception of HDL-cholesterol, were observed in both men and women, while fasting glucose also improved in women. Serum cortisol was inversely associated to fasting glucose, and total- and LDL-cholesterol (p-values 0.007, 0.04 and 0.04, respectively). These data are opposite to findings in students entering Western universities, in whom increasing stress and a deteriorating cardiometabolic profile have been repeatedly noted. Perceived stress and morning cortisol levels among students of the Preparatory Year in KSU remained constant for both genders over time, yet an improved cardiometabolic profile was observed, suggesting good adaptation among our pre-college students in their first year of university life. PMID:24727357

  17. Emporiatric enteritis: lessons learned from U.S. students in Mexico.

    PubMed Central

    Dupont, H. L.; Ericsson, C. D.; Dupont, M. W.

    1986-01-01

    In the studies reported, evidence has been presented that U.S. students traveling to Mexico represent a model for the study of travelers' diarrhea. The incidence of illness acquisition approximates that published in other studies of travelers. Natural immunity was shown to develop as students remained in Mexico presumably through repeated exposure to prevalent agents, particularly ETEC. ETEC, shigella strains and no detectable agent represented the largest groups when etiologic assessment was made. Food probably served as the important source of diarrhea particularly that due to ETEC and shigella strains. The level of bacteria isolated from food suggested that organism replication occurred due to improper temperature storage rather than to heavy initial contamination. The location of food consumption was related to degree of risk: self preparation was the safest, eating in Mexican homes the least safe and consumption of food in public restaurants was intermediate in risk. Water probably played a role in the transmission of viral infection. The risk of water contamination appeared to be highest during the rainy seasons. Finally, the antimicrobial agents TMP/SMX and TMP alone were shown to effectively prevent and treat this form of travelers' diarrhea. PMID:3837965

  18. www.TheFirstTimeProject.com www.TheFirstTimeProject.com

    E-print Network

    Militzer, Burkhard

    First Time as the Ugly American #12;www.TheFirstTimeProject.com JUSTIFICATION Why do people share Not just how a person interacts with technology BUT How people interact with people through technology VS Diffusion · Evaluation and Revision "In Use" #12;www.TheFirstTimeProject.com TOMORROW: OUR SOLUTIONS Faceted

  19. Programs for First-Year Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Peggy, Ed.

    1981-01-01

    An article and descriptions of programs for first-year college students are presented. In "As Freshmen First," John Orr Dwyer recounts the history of the word "freshman" and outlines some of the characteristics of the 1980s first-year student. Recognizing the problems that face students entering college for the first time, he asks why there is no…

  20. DIRECTIONS TO OCHR SAN DIEGO Students and Vendors needing a temporary vehicle pass, must enter through the Main Gate

    E-print Network

    through the Main Gate (also known as the East Gate) via Miramar Way, located off I-15 Highway. If you have Main (East) Gate to OCHR San Diego Upon entering the main gate via Miramar Way, proceed straight spots, proceed to the sidewalk on the right side of the building. Enter building through the main

  1. Prospective Veteran Students: CSU's Experience Since the Post 9-11 GI Bill In 2008, the GI Bill was updated for the first time since 1984, offering substantially enhanced

    E-print Network

    Boone, Randall B.

    Prospective Veteran Students: CSU's Experience Since the Post 9-11 GI Bill In 2008, the GI Bill veterans and their dependents. Referred to as the Post 9-11 GI Bill, these benefits have resulted in significant increases in college matriculation by military veterans. This increase in financial support

  2. Injury risk in first-time snowboarders versus first-time skiers.

    PubMed

    O'Neill, D F; McGlone, M R

    1999-01-01

    Between 1994 and 1996 we studied injury patterns in more than 22,000 first-time snowboarders and first-time skiers to determine the comparative injury risk of these two popular sports coexisting in winter resort areas. The first-time participants included in this study had no previous experience in their activity of choice and enrolled in Learn to Snowboard and Learn to Ski programs in two major northeastern ski resorts. Data were gathered from physician evaluations at the medical clinics at each mountain. Two hundred seventy-three (4%) of the first-time snowboarders (N = 6585), and 641 (4%) of the first-time skiers (N = 15,795) sustained an injury. Injuries were further evaluated by location (upper extremity, lower extremity, head, and trunk area) and severity (emergent versus nonemergent). Snowboarders had a higher percentage of upper extremity injuries (53%), while skiers had a higher percentage of lower extremity injuries (63%). Snowboarders, however, sustained a significantly higher incidence of emergent injuries (such as fracture, concussion, dislocation, lost teeth) necessitating immediate intervention. While there have been other reports describing injuries in these activities, no previous study attempted to look at the first-time participants with similar age, experience, and equipment to determine comparative risk. We conclude that for the first-time participant, snowboarding does show a higher incidence of emergent injuries. PMID:9934425

  3. Enteral Antimicrobials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Sanchez; B. P. Pizer; S. R. Alcock

    SDD using enteral antimicrobials is now an evidence-based protocol. It is the best-ever evaluated intervention in intensive\\u000a care medicine that reduces infectious morbidity and mortality. It is a cheap maneuver without side effects in terms of emergence\\u000a of resistance. In ICUs using enteral antimicrobials, gut carriage of potential pathogens, both sensitive and resistant, is\\u000a significantly reduced.However, hand disinfecting as a

  4. First time description of dismantling phenomenon

    PubMed Central

    Barrer, Laurence; Gimenez, Guy

    2015-01-01

    Dismantling is a complex psychic phenomenon, which is not easy to define, and little interest has been shown in the subject. The authors of this paper want to demonstrate that dismantling is the main defense mechanism in autism, bringing about de-consensus of senses. The effects perceived in a child with autistic disorder are passivity and lack of thought. The authors’ purpose here is to define the dismantled state and reveal its underlying process. This paper will therefore describe for the first time in literature, the dismantling phenomenon and will submit a metapsychological approach of this defense mechanism. PMID:25999871

  5. W1 - Teaching Physics for the First Time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matsler, Karen Jo; Restivo, Evelyn; Norris, Mary

    2009-04-01

    This AAPT/PTRA workshop is based on the newly released book ``Teaching Physics for the First Time'' but you don't have to be a first year teacher to get some great ideas for your classroom. This book is full of great ways to get your students involved while teaching fundamental concepts. This workshop is also appropriate for physical science teachers who are or will teach physics. The book will be available to purchase at a reduced cost to attendees after completing the session.

  6. Storrs Campus Entering Class

    E-print Network

    Holsinger, Kent

    : Retention percentages include early graduates. Fall 2005 93 88 86 Graduation rates are calculated according Graduation Rates Policy. Graduation rates include Fall 2002 88 82 79 76 students graduating in the summer University of Connecticut Most Recent Retention Rates and Graduation Rates for Entering Freshmen Classes

  7. Storrs Campus Entering Class

    E-print Network

    Holsinger, Kent

    Please Note: Retention percentages include early graduates. Fall 2005 93 88 86 83 Graduation rates 2003 90 84 80 78 Graduation Rates Policy. Graduation rates include Fall 2002 88 82 79 76 students Most Recent Retention Rates and Graduation Rates for Entering Freshmen Classes By Campus as of Fall

  8. THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD -TERMINATION POLICY. This termination policy applies to students who have entered into a Residence Contract with

    E-print Network

    Stevenson, Mark

    THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD - TERMINATION POLICY. This termination policy applies to students who face-to-face communication with the University before accepting an offer of accommodation. Students who. Students who attended open days, or made arrangements with the University to view the residences, before

  9. Graduation rates, grade-point average, and changes of major of female and minority students entering engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maura J. Borrego; Miguel A. Padilla; Guili Zhang; Matthew W. Ohland; Timothy J. Anderson

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes analysis of five cohorts of students matriculating into undergraduate engineering programs at nine southeastern universities from 1996-2002. We report retention by semester and graduation success as a percentage of all matriculated students. For students subsequently leaving engineering, we also report grade-point average, departure semester, and destination major. Statistical analyses determined which differences were significant between underrepresented and

  10. GeoFORCE Texas: An Outreach Program that is Increasing the Number and Diversity of Students Completing STEM Degrees and Entering the Workforce

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Snow, E.; Moore, S. L.

    2014-12-01

    GeoFORCE Texas is an outreach program of the Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas at Austin. Established in 2005 with the goal of increasing the number and diversity of students studying geosciences and engineering and entering the high-tech workforce, GeoFORCE has been highly successful. Key elements to that success will be presented here. GeoFORCE targets bright students in rural and inner-city schools where they are generally not academically challenged. Every summer throughout high school we take them on geologic field trips all over the country. In 2014, GeoFORCE led 15 field academies for about 600 students. The program is rigorous and academic. We emphasize college-level thinking skills. Because it is a 4-year program, they have a pretty good grounding in physical geology by the time they graduate. More importantly, they develop confidence in their ability to handle college, and a strong motivation to earn a college degree. GeoFORCE students are mostly minority (85%) and more than half will be the first in their family to graduate from college. GeoFORCE students exceed national averages in rates of going to college (97%), majoring in STEM fields (66%), majoring in geosciences (15%) and engineering (13%), and graduating from college (~85%). GeoFORCE is a public/private partnership and a workforce-focused program. The Jackson School funds staff and operating expenses (37%). Money for student programs comes from private industry (44%), state and federal grants (14%), and foundations and individual donors (5%). Our corporate partners are in the energy sector. In addition to funding, corporate sponsors attend the summer field programs, mentor GeoFORCE students, and provide opportunities for the students to visit the companies. As our students move toward college graduation, our industry and government partners have begun to hire them as interns. GeoFORCE graduates are now entering the workforce. Our first two cohorts are 4 and 5 years past high school graduation. That group of 155 students boasts 70 college graduates and another 60 still pursuing degrees. There are 19 geoscience majors and 9 engineers. They are also contributing to the body of science with a growing list of publications, including at least one at this meeting.

  11. Research and Teaching: Enticing Students to Enter Into Undergraduate Research--The Instrumentality of an Undergraduate Course

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Linda S. Behar-Horenstein

    2010-01-01

    To encourage students to seek research opportunities with campus faculty, one large university in the Southeast created a course entitled Science for All. A major goal of the course was to encourage students to work directly with faculty on research proje

  12. Longitudinal Study of Performance of Students Entering Harper College, 1974-1984. Research Report Series Volume XIV, No. 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, John A.

    A study was conducted at William Rainey Harper college (WRHC) in Illinois to provide basic institutional data about student performance over time. Data were obtained on performance and achievement at WRHC by following samples of 200 full-time and 200 part-time students in successive classes between 1974 and 1984. Study findings revealed: (1) the…

  13. Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among medical students entering clinical training: a three year prospective questionnaire and interview-based study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marie E Dahlin; Bo Runeson

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Mental distress among medical students is often reported. Burnout has not been studied frequently and studies using interviewer-rated diagnoses as outcomes are rarely employed. The objective of this prospective study of medical students was to examine clinically significant psychiatric morbidity and burnout at 3rd year of medical school, considering personality and study conditions measured at 1st year. METHODS: Questionnaires

  14. Charting Pathways to Completion for Low-Income Community College Students. CCRC Working Paper No. 34

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Davis; Weiss, Madeline Joy

    2011-01-01

    This study uses administrative data from Washington State to chart the educational pathways of first-time community college students over seven years, with a focus on young, socioeconomically disadvantaged students. Of particular interest are the rates at which students enter a course of study (by passing multiple college-level courses within a…

  15. Dear Parents and Guardians of the 2011 Entering Class of Black Students: It is with sincere pleasure the staff of the Office of African-American Affairs (OAAA) and I welcome you to

    E-print Network

    Acton, Scott

    Dear Parents and Guardians of the 2011 Entering Class of Black Students: It is with sincere of Virginia. We are excited you and your students are now a part of our wonderful community and look forward describing each. You can also log on to our website at www.virginia.edu/oaaa to learn more about us! One

  16. The Application and Evaluation of a Two-Concept Diagnostic Instrument with Students Entering College General Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heredia, Keily; Xu, Xiaoying; Lewis, Jennifer E.

    2012-01-01

    The Particulate Nature of Matter and Chemical Bonding Diagnostic Instrument (Othman J., Treagust D. F. and Chandrasegaran A. L., (2008), "Int. J. Sci. Educ.," 30(11), 1531-1550) is used to investigate college students' understanding of two chemistry concepts: particulate nature of matter and chemical bonding. The instrument, originally developed…

  17. Assessing the Quality of Student Thinking Directly: An Exploratory Study of Two Cohorts Entering Engineering Education in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woollacott, L.; Snell, D.

    2012-01-01

    This article presents the findings of an exploratory investigation involving the direct assessment of the quality of abstract thinking of two cohorts of South African university entrants who had very good school leaving qualifications. The investigation was prompted by the observation of difficulties these students seemed to have had in a first…

  18. Lupus Enteritis

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Lanaya Williams; Petri, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a 25-year-old Iraqi woman who had multiple hospitalizations at an outside hospital for abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea without any evidence of systemic lupus erythematosus. Laboratory investigations finally showed a positive antinuclear antibody (1280), positive anti-dsDNA, anti-?2 glycoprotein I, low complement, positive Coombs tests, and leukopenia. A kidney biopsy showed ISN class II lupus nephritis. An ileal biopsy and angiogram were unremarkable. A computed tomography showed marked and dramatic bowel edema involving the small and large bowel (“target sign”), dilatation of intestinal segments, engorgement of mesenteric vessels (“comb sign”), and increased attenuation of mesenteric fat. These cardinal signs on computed tomography scan led to the correct diagnosis of lupus enteritis. Treatment was commenced with high-dose corticosteroids followed by mycophenolate mofetil, hydroxychloroquine, and then oral cyclophosphamide, but failed. The patient was eventually treated with the Euro-Lupus intravenous cyclophosphamide regimen, which resulted in significant clinical and radiological resolution. PMID:23364660

  19. Alumni & Employer Opportunities to Engage with Students Sharing your experience assists students in preparing to enter the workforce and can boost your

    E-print Network

    Missouri-Rolla, University of

    at another time and want to engage with students please contact: Jerri Arnold-Cook, Director of Leadership competition From Backpack to Briefcase Retreat Join us on October 20, 2012 to help 30 students understand how with you The retreat will be held in Bourbon, Missouri and guest speaker meals will be provided. This event

  20. Google has just launched a great initiative for students called The AdMob Student App Challenge and you have an opportunity to enter!

    E-print Network

    Tessler, Nir

    by showing ads in their mobile apps. The goal of the Challenge is to build a great app, learn how to use AdHello, Google has just launched a great initiative for students called The AdMob Student App, California. What is it? AdMob is a Google-owned platform for app developers to help them earn income

  1. Cohort Analysis, Fall 1993 New Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moraine Valley Community College., Palos Hills, IL. Office of Institutional Research.

    In October 1996, Illinois' Moraine Valley Community College (MVCC) conducted a longitudinal study of the characteristics of and outcomes experienced by students who entered the college for the first time in fall 1993, gathering data on retention rates, average attempted and earned cumulative hours, and graduation rates over 3 years. Of the 3,146…

  2. First-Time International and Domestic Freshmen: Enrollment Trends and Characteristics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Overall, J. U.

    Selected comparisons of first-time international and domestic freshmen at the University of Southern California (USC) were undertaken, using data from the annual Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS) and the American Council on Education Freshman Survey. On-campus enrollment data for these two student groups are presented by sex for…

  3. The Impact of Overassignment on Grade Point Averages of First-Time Freshmen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desler, Mary; North, Gary

    1978-01-01

    Data show that the first-time freshmen, who were overassigned in residence halls, did no worse than other students concerning grade point average. The peer pressure may have been a motivating force. There was no male/female difference. Data also show no difference in environment perception. (LPG)

  4. Migration of Undergraduate First-Time Transfers: Snapshot Analysis 2006-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Commission on Higher Education had a student intern from USC-Columbia initiate an analysis of data on the migration of undergraduate first-time transfers to compare trends, growth, and proportions of transfers to and from various sectors and institution types over a three-year period, from 2006-2008. Staff have refined the analysis and…

  5. Characteristics of Adult Students Transitioning to a Traditional University and Perceptions of Student Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rollins, Dani J.

    2012-01-01

    Limited research is devoted to the transitional process of adult students to the traditional university environment. Considering the incredible numbers of adults projected to return to higher education and/or entering a college or university program for the first time, it behooves institutions of higher learning to invest in the success of adult…

  6. 6-Year Graduation Rates By Race/Ethnicity Entering Fall Semester 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

    E-print Network

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    6-Year Graduation Rates By Race/Ethnicity Entering Fall Semester 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 URM No% 100% 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Entering Fall Semester 6-Year Graduation Rate of First-Time, Full. in Entering Cohort 316 344 393 410 374 % Graduated in 6 years 54% 56% 61% 60% 71% Asian No. in Entering Cohort

  7. 6-Year Graduation Rates By Race/Ethnicity Entering Fall Semester 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    6-Year Graduation Rates By Race/Ethnicity Entering Fall Semester 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 URM No% 100% 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Entering Fall Semester 6-Year Graduation Rate of First-Time, Full. in Entering Cohort 287 316 344 394 410 % Graduated in 6 years 56% 54% 56% 61% 60% Asian No. in Entering Cohort

  8. Ensuring NCLEX-RN success for first-time test-takers.

    PubMed

    Norton, Colleen K; Relf, Michael V; Cox, Catherine W; Farley, Jean; Lachat, Maryanne; Tucker, Michelle; Murray, Jason

    2006-01-01

    A major indicator of baccalaureate nursing program effectiveness is the pass rate on the National Council Licensure Examinations, Registered Nurse (NCLEX-RN) among first-time candidates. This article highlights the scope, instructional methods, and outcomes of the remediation program at Georgetown University School of Nursing & Health Studies (GU-NHS). With implementation of the multifaceted program, the NCLEX-RN pass rate for first-time takers at GU-NHS has been consistently above the national mean among all first-time candidates. Although it is impossible to determine which strategy made the greatest contribution to the success of the program, the cumulative effect is impressive and indicates the students are prepared for the challenge of the examination and contemporary nursing practice. PMID:16990124

  9. EE Curriculum For students entering

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Electronic Instrumentation EE323 Microrocessor HW & SW EE331 Signals and Systems EE351 EM Fields EE301 Control Systems EE481 HDL EE431 Communication Systems EE352 EE Design EE395 Laboratory III 6h EE392 Economics GE348 Reliability EE445 Real Time Computing EE332 Communication Electronics EE 458 VLSI Circuit

  10. EE Curriculum For students entering

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Electronic Instrumentation EE323 Microrocessor HW & SW EE331 Signals and Systems EE351 EM Fields EE301 Control Systems EE481 HDL EE431 Communication Systems EE352 EE Design EE395 Laboratory III 6h EE392 Machines II EE444 Power Systems II EE441 Electronic Devices EE372 Choose 3 DSP I EE362 Electric Machines I

  11. Comparative Study of Freshmen College Student Beliefs and Values between Representative Private and Public Institutions of Higher Education in Kentucky

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, Brian S.

    2009-01-01

    Students entering college for the first time are embarking on a life-changing journey like none they have experienced. The potential impact the college experience will have on their lives is extreme. Students will be engaged in class and co-curricular settings in ways that will challenge them to produce developmental growth that will carry them…

  12. Health and Safety Intervention with First-Time Mothers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culp, Anne McDonald; Culp, R. E.; Anderson, J. W.; Carter, S.

    2007-01-01

    A health education program was evaluated which used child development specialists as home visitors and served a population of first-time mothers living in rural communities. The evaluation compared health and safety outcomes between intervention and control groups. The research staff, separate from the intervention staff, collected data in the…

  13. Parenting Expectations: Younger and Older First-Time Parents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adaliss Rodriguez; Kari Adamsons

    2012-01-01

    The transition to parenthood is a time of great interest to scholars. Because some parents prosper and others falter after the birth of their first child, understanding factors that influence this transition is of critical importance; one reason is the similarity (or lack thereof) between parents' prebirth parenting expectations. The present study examined (1) similarity between and typologies of first-time

  14. BENCHMARKING THE NUM ERACY AND EXPECTATIO NS OF FIRST YEAR PHYSICS T ECHNIKON STUDENTS AS PART OF A NEW RESEARCH BASED TEACHING INTERVENTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GREGOR LEIGH; ANDY BUFFLER

    2004-01-01

    First time entering students to the Faculty of Applied Sciences at the Cape T echnikon are characterised by having poor numeracy and problem solving skills coupled with poor attitudes to learning Physics, which is perceived to be a formula-driven, mathematical discipline. In response to this situation and in the light of declining p ass rates among Physics 1 students at

  15. Providing Educational Opportunity for Students Who Were Initially Ineligible to Enroll in the State University System. Research Report No. 85-15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belcher, Marcia; Losak, John

    A study was conducted at Miami-Dade Community College (MDCC) to assess the success of the college in offering a start for students who would not be accepted by institutions with more selective admissions policies. The study focused on all students who entered MDCC for the first time in the fall of 1981. Of the 7,097 fall 1981 freshmen, less than…

  16. Division of Student Affairs ~ International Student and Scholar Services Email (all locations): isss@fau.edu Website: www.fau.edu/isss

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    ~ Tel. (561) 297-3049 Fax: (561) 297-2446 Davie Campus: Diversity Services (LA-203), 3200 College Avenue after confirming that all information is accurate and after reading the information on page 2. o Pay the SEVIS fee. Newly admitted students who enter the U.S. for the first time in F-1 status must pay

  17. Florida Atlantic University ~ Division of Student Affairs ~ International Student and Scholar Services Email (all locations): isss@fau.edu Website: www.fau.edu/isss

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    : Multicultural Affairs (MDG 13), 2912 College Avenue, Davie, FL 33314 ~ Tel. (954) 2361257 Fax: (954) 2361213 reading the information on page 2. o Pay the SEVIS fee. Newly admitted students who enter the U.S. for the first time in F1 status must pay the SEVIS fee ($200 USD) prior to applying for their visa. Payment

  18. Communicating for the first time with delusional patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zane Robinson Wolf

    2001-01-01

    Background: Aggression and threats of violence are acknowledged elements of psychiatric settings. One of the most upsetting clinical experiences for nursing students is the psychiatric–mental health practicum in which students are expected to communicate therapeutically with hospitalized, delusional patients. Objective: The purpose of this article is to describe the experiences of undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students as they communicate for the

  19. Navigating College: A Handbook on Self Advocacy Written for Autistic Students from Autistic Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inclusion Press, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Leaving high school and going to college is complicated for everyone. But if you're a student on the autism spectrum who is about to enter higher education for the first time, it might be a little bit more complicated for you. Maybe you're worried about getting accommodations, getting places on time, or dealing with sensory issues in a new…

  20. Chronic Radiation Enteritis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. S. Theis; R. Sripadam; V. Ramani; S. Lal

    2010-01-01

    Chronic radiation enteritis is an increasing problem, as more patients receive radiotherapy as part of their cancer therapy and as the long-term survival of these patients improves. This review addresses the causes, investigation, treatment and prevention of this disease. A review of published studies was carried out using a variety of search terms, including radiation enteritis, investigation, treatment and prevention.

  1. Technology Usage among Community College Faculty in First-Time-in-College Classes: A Call to Standardization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goomas, David T.

    2013-01-01

    Technology in higher education has played an increasingly dramatic role, particularly on community college campuses, with emphasis on how to provide better services to students via the use of technology. This report examines the challenge for faculty teaching first-time-in-college (FTIC) classes at El Centro College of the Dallas County Community…

  2. A Profile Study of Students Entering Career/Technical Programs in the British Columbia Community Colleges and Institutes: Technical Report #5-04-982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennison, John D.; And Others

    In 1981, a study was conducted to explore the characteristics of students enrolled in career-technical programs in the community colleges and technical institutes of British Columbia. The first phase of a longitudinal look at these students, the study investigated demographic characteristics; educational, experience, and employment backgrounds;…

  3. Much Ado about €500: Do Tuition Fees Keep German Students from Entering University? Evidence from a Natural Experiment Using DiD Matching Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baier, Tina; Helbig, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    This paper estimates the effect of tuition fees on enrolment behaviour among prospective students in Germany. According to the rational choice theory (RCT), we argue that due to the higher costs brought on by such fees tuition fees should have a negative effect on student's enrolment. This should be even more pronounced among prospective…

  4. Selecting a CAD/CAM system for the first time

    SciTech Connect

    Link, C.H.

    1984-01-01

    A good percentage of manufacturing companies with gross sales exceeding $100 million already use some form of computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM). More recently, however, a new, larger group with annual gross sales between $10 million and $100 million have entered the CAD/CAM marketplace. Interested because the technology has proven itself to be economical, beneficial, and relatively easy to implement without prior computer experience, these companies are actively investigating and applying CAD and CAD/CAM. Many are subcontractors to large companies with low design requirements. Others may design and/or manufacture a proprietary product line. Yet, while resembling one another, the needs of these companies vary widely. Applying the proper kind and level of CAD/CAM, therefore, requires a careful analysis of each user's needs.

  5. Spillway Entering Missouri River

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    The water from the spillway enter the Missouri River. The spillway water is the darker water, which is sediment and the Missouri River is the more clear water. Photo taken by USGS personnel on a Civil Air Patrol flight....

  6. Inviting Confidence in School: Invitations as a Critical Source of the Academic Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Entering Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usher, Ellen L.; Pajares, Frank

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether constructs drawn from invitational theory serve as additional sources of self-efficacy beliefs of students in Grade 6 (N = 468). The hypothesized sources and the invitational constructs each correlated with academic self-efficacy. Invitations, mastery experience, and physiological state predicted…

  7. Dear Marine Biology FIG student, Welcome to the University of Oregon! My name is Daniel Gardner, and I'm entering my fourth

    E-print Network

    Oregon, University of

    consists of General Chemistry, General Chemistry lab. Through these courses we will begin to establish course taught by Carl and me. In this course we will be tying your new chemistry knowledge into marine Institute of Marine Biology for a day exploring tide-pools and learning from graduate students and faculty

  8. ROLES OF PROFESSIONAL SCIENTISTS AND RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS IN THE EDUCATION OF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES PREPARING TO ENTER THE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS WORKFORCE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Scientists at the Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, FL have developed considerable experience in organizing and carrying out science education outreach activities for minority and disabled students. The author was invited to participate in a symposium on the ...

  9. Intestinal endocrine cells in radiation enteritis

    SciTech Connect

    Pietroletti, R.; Blaauwgeers, J.L.; Taat, C.W.; Simi, M.; Brummelkamp, W.H.; Becker, A.E. (Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands))

    1989-08-01

    In this study, the intestinal endocrine cells were investigated in 13 surgical specimens affected by radiation enteritis. Endocrine cells were studied by means of Grimelius' silver staining and immunostaining for chromogranin, a general marker of endocrine cells. Positively stained cells were quantified by counting their number per unit length of muscularis mucosa. Results in radiation enteritis were compared with matched control specimens by using Student's t test. Chromogranin immunostaining showed a statistically significant increase of endocrine cells in radiation enteritis specimens compared with controls both in small and large intestine (ileum, 67.5 +/- 23.5 cells per unit length of muscularis mucosa in radiation enteritis versus 17.0 +/- 6.1 in controls; colon, 40.9 +/- 13.7 cells per unit length of muscularis mucosa in radiation enteritis versus 9.5 +/- 4.1 in controls--p less than 0.005 in both instances). Increase of endocrine cells was demonstrated also by Grimelius' staining; however, without reaching statistical significance. It is not clear whether or not the increase of endocrine cells in radiation enteritis reported in this study is caused by a hyperplastic response or by a sparing phenomenon. We should consider that increased endocrine cells, when abnormally secreting their products, may be involved in some of the clinical features of radiation enteropathy. In addition, as intestinal endocrine cells produce trophic substances to the intestine, their increase could be responsible for the raised risk of developing carcinoma of the intestine in long standing radiation enteritis.

  10. The impact of an SBR mandated developmental English course on performance in college English I by students with relatively high ACT and medium AAPP English scores

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Larita Jule Burrows Alford

    1988-01-01

    In the fall, 1985, the Tennessee State Board of Regents mandated assessment and placement for all first time degree-seeking students who entered state supported institutions other than the University of Tennessee system. Individual institutions interpreted the document, The White Paper, that set down the guidelines for implementing the process.^ At Volunteer State Community College (VSCC), the Developmental Education Committee set

  11. Entering a community dialogue.

    PubMed

    Britt, Teri; Player, Kathy; Parsons, Kathleen; Stover, Deanna

    2004-01-01

    Entering a new, unstructured community is facilitated when existing members embrace the thoughts, ideas, and experiences of new members. Watson's Caring Healing Model, including the caritas conscious and transpersonal caring components, provides a framework for understanding the experience of being a new community member (e.g., a "newbie") in the Global Nursing Exchange. PMID:14986502

  12. Campylobacter enteritis: a \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M B Skirrow

    1977-01-01

    By selective culture campylobacters (C jejuni and C coli) were isolated from the faeces of 57 (7-1%) out of 803 unselected patients with diarrhoea; none were isolated from 194 people who had not got diarrhoea. Specific agglutinins were found in the sera of 31 out of 38 patients with campylobacter enteritis and 10 of them had a rising titre. Half

  13. Enteric Redmouth Disease

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Yersinia ruckeri, the causative agent of Enteric Redmouth Disease (ERM), is a disease of salmonid fish species that is endemic in areas of the world where salmonids are intensively cultured. The disease causes a chronic to acute hemorrhagic septicemia which can lead to high rates of mortality partic...

  14. Treatment of enteric fever.

    PubMed

    Arjyal, Amit; Pandit, Anil

    2008-01-01

    Enteric fever is systemic illness caused by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A, B and C. It is believed to be a readily treatable illness by many clinicians in the developing world where it is endemic; however, with the emergence of drug resistance to fluoroquinolones, treatment is becoming increasingly difficult. While drugs such as cefixime, previously believed to be effective, have been proven otherwise, new agents such as gatifloxacin and azithromycin have proven to be promising. Re-emergence of chloramphenicol sensitive strains in previously resistant areas points towards the concept of antibiotic recycling, preserving the use of older antibiotics. Antibiotic recycling has been used successfully in hospital settings. However, its usefulness in community settings, where the main burden of enteric fever resides, is challenging to manage due to logistics and a lack of infrastructure. Nalidixic acid resistance used to be a marker for clinical response to flouroquinolones; however, recent studies highlight the importance of decreased ciprofloxacin susceptibility as a better marker. Enteric fever, as a public health problem, has been tackled by protection of food and water supplies in the industrialised countries of the world. Nonetheless, that goal seems too far-fetched in the developing world where there are hundreds of villages, towns and cities without adequate infrastructures. Perhaps the key to solving this problem is combining point-of-use-purification of water (by chlorination) with the treatment of illness in the community. Treatment of chronic carriers is also necessary in order to halt the cycles of transmission. PMID:19745518

  15. Storrs Campus Entering Class

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    2002 66 53 42 38 Stamford Campus University of Connecticut Most Recent Retention Rates and Graduation percentages include early graduates. Graduation rates are calculated according to Federal Student Right to Know legislation and the NCAA Graduation Rates Policy. Graduation rates include students graduating

  16. PRESIDENT'S REPORT Enter Report

    E-print Network

    Schellekens, Michel P.

    facilitate innovation, creativity and an entrepreneurial approach, to further enhance the entire student Developments Student Experience Teaching and Learning Research and Innovation Events COLLEGE REPORTS Arts, the challenge has not abated, and will require ongoing attention. In such an environment, UCC has successfully

  17. John Glenn Entering Friendship 7

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1962-01-01

    Overall view of astronaut John Glenn, Jr., as he enters into the spacecraft Friendship 7 prior to MA-6 launch operations at Launch Complex 14. Astronaut Glenn is entering his spacecraft to begin the first American manned Earth orbital mission.

  18. The Binghamton University Women's Club offers a $1,000+ scholarship to benefit a full-time female graduate student who is in her first year of graduate studies, entering her second year. Selection is based on high academic merit (cumulative GPA of 3.7 or

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    The Binghamton University Women's Club offers a $1,000+ scholarship to benefit a full-time female graduate student who is in her first year of graduate studies, entering her second year. Selection is based-6000 607-777-2151, Fax: 607-77-2501 gradschool.binghamton.edu THE GRADUATE SCHOOL University Women Female

  19. Democracy for Students: The Constitution Enters Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Louis

    1976-01-01

    Recent court litigation in the civil rights areas of freedom of speech, freedom of the press, personal appearance, freedom from racial and sexual discrimination, and due process have served notice that the end result of education ("the democratic way of life") must be accomplished by democratic means. (MB)

  20. Enteric neurons show a primary cilium

    PubMed Central

    Luesma, Mª José; Cantarero, Irene; Castiella, Tomás; Soriano, Mario; Garcia–Verdugo, José Manuel; Junquera, Concepción

    2013-01-01

    The primary cilium is a non-motile cilium whose structure is 9+0. It is involved in co-ordinating cellular signal transduction pathways, developmental processes and tissue homeostasis. Defects in the structure or function of the primary cilium underlie numerous human diseases, collectively termed ciliopathies. The presence of single cilia in the central nervous system (CNS) is well documented, including some choroid plexus cells, neural stem cells, neurons and astrocytes, but the presence of primary cilia in differentiated neurons of the enteric nervous system (ENS) has not yet been described in mammals to the best of our knowledge. The enteric nervous system closely resembles the central nervous system. In fact, the ultrastructure of the ENS is more similar to the CNS ultrastructure than to the rest of the peripheral nervous system. This research work describes for the first time the ultrastructural characteristics of the single cilium in neurons of rat duodenum myenteric plexus, and reviews the cilium function in the CNS to propose the possible role of cilia in the ENS cells. PMID:23205631

  1. Enteric neurons show a primary cilium.

    PubMed

    Luesma, Ma José; Cantarero, Irene; Castiella, Tomás; Soriano, Mario; Garcia-Verdugo, José Manuel; Junquera, Concepción

    2013-01-01

    The primary cilium is a non-motile cilium whose structure is 9+0. It is involved in co-ordinating cellular signal transduction pathways, developmental processes and tissue homeostasis. Defects in the structure or function of the primary cilium underlie numerous human diseases, collectively termed ciliopathies. The presence of single cilia in the central nervous system (CNS) is well documented, including some choroid plexus cells, neural stem cells, neurons and astrocytes, but the presence of primary cilia in differentiated neurons of the enteric nervous system (ENS) has not yet been described in mammals to the best of our knowledge. The enteric nervous system closely resembles the central nervous system. In fact, the ultrastructure of the ENS is more similar to the CNS ultrastructure than to the rest of the peripheral nervous system. This research work describes for the first time the ultrastructural characteristics of the single cilium in neurons of rat duodenum myenteric plexus, and reviews the cilium function in the CNS to propose the possible role of cilia in the ENS cells. PMID:23205631

  2. Personality Differences of First-Time and Repeat Offenders Arrested for Driving while Intoxicated.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, James R.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Examined personality characteristics of first-time (n=174) and repeat (n=64) driving while intoxicated offenders. Found that repeat offenders differed significantly from first-time offenders on 12 of 24 personality characteristics, were less expressive emotionally, and were less flexible in ways of finding stimulation; however, self-reported…

  3. For first time since 2007, food stamp use drops in state, Palm Beach County

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    For first time since 2007, food stamp use drops in state, Palm Beach County March 13, 2013|By Donna Gehrke-White, Sun Sentinel For the first time in nearly six years, the number of people on food stamps." The state also saw an overall decline with the total number of people on food stamps in Florida dropping

  4. Microbiology Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class

    E-print Network

    Microbiology Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Admissions data for Biological and Biomedical Sciences can be found here. Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 19 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 4 Median years to Ph.D. 5.7 Percent of students awarded Ph.D. 94

  5. FACT SHEET for Licensed Practical Nurses Entering NEPS

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    a Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) interested in entering the Nursing Education Program of Saskatchewan (NEPS of Care · NEPS 222.3 Nursing Therapeutics I (Transfer credit granted if student passes the NEPS 222 222.3 & NEPS 223.3, Nursing Therapeutics I & II (transfer credit granted if student passes

  6. Microscopic enteritis: Bucharest consensus.

    PubMed

    Rostami, Kamran; Aldulaimi, David; Holmes, Geoffrey; Johnson, Matt W; Robert, Marie; Srivastava, Amitabh; Fléjou, Jean-François; Sanders, David S; Volta, Umberto; Derakhshan, Mohammad H; Going, James J; Becheanu, Gabriel; Catassi, Carlo; Danciu, Mihai; Materacki, Luke; Ghafarzadegan, Kamran; Ishaq, Sauid; Rostami-Nejad, Mohammad; Peña, A Salvador; Bassotti, Gabrio; Marsh, Michael N; Villanacci, Vincenzo

    2015-03-01

    Microscopic enteritis (ME) is an inflammatory condition of the small bowel that leads to gastrointestinal symptoms, nutrient and micronutrient deficiency. It is characterised by microscopic or sub-microscopic abnormalities such as microvillus changes and enterocytic alterations in the absence of definite macroscopic changes using standard modern endoscopy. This work recognises a need to characterize disorders with microscopic and submicroscopic features, currently regarded as functional or non-specific entities, to obtain further understanding of their clinical relevance. The consensus working party reviewed statements about the aetiology, diagnosis and symptoms associated with ME and proposes an algorithm for its investigation and treatment. Following the 5(th) International Course in Digestive Pathology in Bucharest in November 2012, an international group of 21 interested pathologists and gastroenterologists formed a working party with a view to formulating a consensus statement on ME. A five-step agreement scale (from strong agreement to strong disagreement) was used to score 21 statements, independently. There was strong agreement on all statements about ME histology (95%-100%). Statements concerning diagnosis achieved 85% to 100% agreement. A statement on the management of ME elicited agreement from the lowest rate (60%) up to 100%. The remaining two categories showed general agreement between experts on clinical presentation (75%-95%) and pathogenesis (80%-90%) of ME. There was strong agreement on the histological definition of ME. Weaker agreement on management indicates a need for further investigations, better definitions and clinical trials to produce quality guidelines for management. This ME consensus is a step toward greater recognition of a significant entity affecting symptomatic patients previously labelled as non-specific or functional enteropathy. PMID:25759526

  7. Enhancing enteral nutrition delivery: development of an enteral preparation facility.

    PubMed

    Krey, S H; Porcelli, K A; Lockett, G M

    1985-06-01

    As a result of prospective reimbursement, departments of clinical dietetics must define and maintain the nutrition services offered in the most cost-effective manner. The processing, preparation, and provision of quality enteral hyperalimentation to patients provide an example of a nutrition service in which cost-saving measures can be employed. Saint Vincent Charity Hospital and Health Center, Cleveland, decided to evaluate and increase the efficiency of tube-feeding preparation, delivery, inventory, and purchasing because of an increased demand for those services. The evaluation process resulted in the development of an enteral preparation facility, a specialty kitchen located within the foodservice department, specifically designed for cost-effective preparation and dispensation of all enteral formulas. The effort required physical space reallocation and personnel retraining. Implementation of the enteral preparation facility has resulted in improved quality of enteral nutrition services and has significantly aided nutrition support and cost-containment efforts at the hospital. PMID:3923082

  8. Viral enteric infections of poultry

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Enteric diseases cause great economic losses to the poultry industry mostly from depressed weight gains, impaired feed efficiency, and decreased flock uniformity. Enteric syndromes have been described in both young turkeys and chickens and likely result from infection by a mixture of pathogenic age...

  9. Predicting Student Engagement and Retention through Participation in a Freshman Program: A Case Study at Benedictine College

    E-print Network

    Barrett, Sheri Hall

    2011-07-25

    in business, nursing, and engineering, and offers Bachelor of Science degrees in Biology and Biochemistry. The graduate programs are small and the college offers only a Master?s in Business Administration and a Master?s of Art in School Leadership... of students who enter into the academic environment for the first time (Astin, 1975; Banning, 1989; Chickering, 1969; Hunter and Linder, 2005; Kuh, 2005; Kuh and Love, 2000; Williams, 1986; Tinto, 1987). Whether it is adult learners, first...

  10. 22 CFR 96.20 - First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval. 96.20 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...IAA) Application Procedures for Accreditation and Approval § 96.20...

  11. 22 CFR 96.20 - First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval. 96.20 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...IAA) Application Procedures for Accreditation and Approval § 96.20...

  12. 22 CFR 96.20 - First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval. 96.20 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...IAA) Application Procedures for Accreditation and Approval § 96.20...

  13. 22 CFR 96.20 - First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval. 96.20 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...IAA) Application Procedures for Accreditation and Approval § 96.20...

  14. 22 CFR 96.20 - First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...First-time application procedures for accreditation and approval. 96.20 Section...STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES ACCREDITATION OF AGENCIES AND APPROVAL OF PERSONS...IAA) Application Procedures for Accreditation and Approval § 96.20...

  15. Comparing Entering Freshmen's Perceptions of Campus Marijuana and Alcohol Use to Reported Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Gregg J.; Nguyen, Alyssa T.

    2009-01-01

    Use of marijuana and alcohol among current college students (N = 1101) was compared to the perceptions and use of entering freshmen (N = 481) surveyed before the start of classes. Entering freshmen significantly misperceived campus norms for marijuana use, over-estimating that almost every student used in the last 30 days, p less than 0.001.…

  16. Human Enteric Viruses in Groundwater

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. H. Park; E. J. Kim; T. H. Yun; J. H. Lee; C. K. Kim; Y. H. Seo; S. A. Oh; S. S. Choi; S. J. Cho; M. S. Kim; G. Y. Han; M. Y. Kim; H. S. Jeong; D. S. Cheon; H. S. Kim

    2010-01-01

    Waterborne outbreaks of enteric viruses are a major public health concern. The present study has been carried out to assess\\u000a the presence of enteric viruses responsible for human acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in groundwater intended for drinking and\\u000a produce washing. In total, 62 samples from groundwater for drinking and produce washing collected from Dec 2007 to Dec 2008\\u000a in Seoul were

  17. Enteric viruses of chickens and turkeys

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Although enteric disease in commercial poultry operations is common, and often unofficially reported and discussed by field veterinarians as “non-specific enteric disease”, three recognized enteric syndromes do exist in poultry: poult enteritis complex (PEC) and poult enteritis mortality syndrome (P...

  18. First-time NCLEX-RN pass rate: measure of program quality or something else?

    PubMed

    Taylor, Heidi; Loftin, Collette; Reyes, Helen

    2014-06-01

    The first-time NCLEX-RN(®) pass rate is considered by many to be the primary, if not sole, indicator of the quality of prelicensure nursing education programs. Used by state boards of nursing, educational program accreditors, and nursing faculty, the first-time NCLEX-RN pass rate influences important decisions about overall program quality, admission and progression policies, curricula, and teaching and learning practices. In this article, the authors call for a professional dialogue about the use of first-time pass rate (F-TPR) as an indicator of program quality, offer alternative methods for using the F-TPR as one measure of program quality, and suggest further research. One program's experience with low F-TPRs is offered as an exemplar of the unintended negative consequences that occur when the F-TPR is used as a sole criterion by a state board of nursing in judging a program's quality. PMID:24855991

  19. Promotion Rates for First-time Assistant and Associate Professors Appointed from 1967 to 1997

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Christine Qi Liu (AAMC)

    2010-05-01

    To provide benchmark information against which medical schools can compare their own promotion data, this Analysis in Brief examines the 10-year promotion outcomes of full-time faculty who were first-time assistant professors or first-time associate professors at any time from 1967 to 1997. We suspect that the changing landscape of academic medicine in recent decades provides important context for our findings, such as changes in the demographics of faculty, the meaning of tenure, faculty productivity, the importance of work-life balance, and the growth of Ph.D. faculty in clinical departments. We tracked every first-time assistant professor or first-time associate professor appointed during the academic years 1967 to 1997 for 10 years in the AAMCÂ?s Faculty Roster, the only national database on the employment, training, and demographic backgrounds of individual U.S. medical school faculty. The results indicated generally declining promotion rates and increasing average times to promotion for medical school faculty. For all first-time assistant professors, the average 10-year promotion rates declined from 43.5 to 32.8 percent, and the average time to promotion for these respective groups of cohorts lengthened from 5.2 to 6.2 years for the group cohorts in the study period. For all first-time associate professors, the average promotion rate to full professor declined from 41.7 percent to 38.6 percent, and the average time to promotion increased from 5.7 to 6.1 years for the group cohorts in the study period. Different promotion rates with regard to tenure status, gender, and race/ethnicity were also recorded.

  20. The Advanced Opportunity Program (AOP) is funded by the State of Wisconsin. AOP Fellowships are designed to assist members of groups under-represented in graduate study, and other disadvantaged students, to enter and

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    UWM graduate students. Approximately 30 new AOP Fellowships are awarded annually to qualified students are designed to assist members of groups under-represented in graduate study, and other disadvantaged students basic graduate tuition levels. *Award may vary contingent on funding. AOP Fellowships may be renewed

  1. Biomarkers in canine parvovirus enteritis.

    PubMed

    Schoeman, J P; Goddard, A; Leisewitz, A L

    2013-07-01

    Canine parvovirus (CPV) enteritis has, since its emergence in 1978, remained a common and important cause of morbidity and mortality in young dogs. The continued incidence of parvoviral enteritis is partly due to the virus' capability to evolve into more virulent and resistant variants with significant local gastrointestinal and systemic inflammatory sequelae. This paper reviews current knowledge on historical-, signalment-, and clinical factors as well as several haematological-, biochemical- and endocrine parameters that can be used as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in CPV enteritis. These factors include season of presentation, purebred nature, bodyweight, vomiting, leukopaenia, lymphopaenia, thrombocytopaenia, hypercoagulability, hypercortisolaemia, hypothyroxinaemia, hypoalbuminaemia, elevated C-reactive protein and tumour necrosis factor, hypocholesterolaemia and hypocitrullinaemia. Factors contributing to the manifestations of CPV infection are multiple with elements of host, pathogen, secondary infections, underlying stressors and environment affecting severity and outcome. The availability of several prognosticators has made identification of patients at high risk of death and their subsequent targeted management more rewarding. PMID:23477413

  2. [Enteral feeding of critical patients].

    PubMed

    Gómez-Garrido, M; Martínez González, E; Botella Romero, F; Gómez-Garrido, J

    2009-01-01

    Artificial nutrition support forms part of the basic care of critical patients. Enteral feeding has been shown to be better than total parenteral nutrition at improving morbidity (infectious complications) and reducing the length of hospital stays, number of days with mechanical ventilation, and costs. As with any other treatment, enteral feeding has associated complications and side effects which should be understood and treated in order to obtain the greatest benefit from it and reduce possible adverse effects. In this review, we attempt to provide a practical summary of the use of enteral feeding in critical patients. We cover the management of the most frequent associated complications, based on new studies and current scientific evidence. The review is intended to serve as a practice guide for the routine care of severely ill patients. PMID:19284126

  3. Reduced Recidivism among First-Time DWI Offenders as a Correlate of Pre-Trial Intervention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucker, G. William; Osti, James R.

    1997-01-01

    Examines recidivism rates for 3,994 first-time, driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) offenders. Results indicate that convicted DWI offenders placed on probation had a 47% greater risk of a re-arrest for DWI than did individuals who completed a pretrial intervention (PTI) program. Discusses the utility of a PTI alternative. (RJM)

  4. California State University, Fullerton First-Time Full-Time Freshmen Graduation and Retention Rates

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton First-Time Full-Time Freshmen Graduation and Retention Rates-Time Freshmen Graduation and Retention Rates Fall 2004 to Fall 2011 Cohorts http://www.fullerton.edu/analyticalstudies/degrees_grad/graduation Fall 2004 to Fall 2011 Cohorts http://www.fullerton.edu/analyticalstudies/degrees_grad/graduation

  5. First time adoption of IFRS, Fair value option, Conservatism: Evidences from French listed companies

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of IFRS within the perspective of the accounting options concerning the fair value method. The optionalFirst time adoption of IFRS, Fair value option, Conservatism: Evidences from French listed standards included in the study are: fair value exemption of IFRS 1, IAS 16, 38 and 40. The sample

  6. Age of Inhalant First Time Use and Its Association to the Use of Other Drugs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ding, Kele; Chang, G. Andy; Southerland, Ron

    2009-01-01

    Inhalants are the 4th most commonly abused drugs after alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Although inhalants are often referred as Gateway Drugs this hypothesis is less examined. Using the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data, age of first time inhalant use was compared with the age of onset of other drugs among 6466 inhalant users who…

  7. Using Technology-Based Strategies to Change Drug-Related Attitudes and First-Time Offenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Ben; Roblyer, M. D.

    2006-01-01

    Recognizing that a solid pre-trial drug intervention program is a vital first step in educating first-time offenders about the seriousness of drug abuse and criminal behavior, staff at the Intervention Program for Substance Abusers in Montgomery County, Maryland's Department of Correction and Rehabilitation decided that better strategies were…

  8. From the Trenches: Attacking First-Time Women Candidates for Congress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanya Melich

    2005-01-01

    Women candidates in the United States no longer enjoy a “compassion advantage” when running against male candidates. First-time women congressional candidates in open seats are especially vulnerable to excessively aggressive negative attacks from their male opponents because (1) high-tech message delivery systems make attack campaigning easy; (2) attack messages attract more attention than positive messages and get the voters to

  9. Chronic Wasting Disease Detected for First Time in Wild Iowa Deer Posted: 04/09/2014

    E-print Network

    Koford, Rolf R.

    Chronic Wasting Disease Detected for First Time in Wild Iowa Deer Posted: 04/09/2014 The first case of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in a wild Iowa deer has been confirmed. The deer was reported as harvested is currently working to obtain as much information as possible about the infected deer to implement its CWD

  10. The sounds of Mars and Venus are revealed for the first time

    E-print Network

    Sóbester, András

    The sounds of Mars and Venus are revealed for the first time Ref: 12/59 02 April 2012 In a world first, the sounds of Mars and Venus are revealed as part of a planetarium show in Hampshire this Easter and mathematics, they created the natural sounds of other worlds, from lightning on Venus to whirlwinds on Mars

  11. HADDOCK SPAWN IN CAPTIVITY For the first time in the U.S., haddock are

    E-print Network

    down and the water tempera- ture in a tank began to rise. A night watch- man was the first person March or April in the bottom waters off New England. The first time haddock spawned in an aquarium was in 1967; it was an accident. The water -cooling unit in a marine laboratory in Aberdeen, Scotland, broke

  12. For the First Time in 3 Years, Faculty Salaries Beat Inflation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millman, Sierra

    2007-01-01

    This year faculty salaries outpaced inflation for the first time in three years, but the American Association of University Professors is still warning of growing financial inequalities within higher education. "One year cannot reverse discouraging trends that have been developing over decades," writes Saranna R. Thornton, a professor of economics…

  13. Factors Contributing to First-Time Fathers' Readiness for Fatherhood: An Exploratory Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Katharyn A.

    1982-01-01

    Interviewed first-time expectant fathers (N=100) regarding factors which contributed or detracted from their emotional readiness for fatherhood. Found factors contributing to readiness for fatherhood included: a sense of stability in the couple's relationship, relative financial security, and a sense of closure to the childless part of the…

  14. First-Time Mothers' Knowledge and Beliefs Regarding Early Communication Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Vicki; Pearce, Wendy M.; Devine, Sue

    2014-01-01

    Limited literature exists in the Australian context about first-time mothers' knowledge of early communication milestones, their strategies to facilitate speech and language development and understanding of the relationship between early communication skills and future development. A cross-sectional online survey was administered to 53…

  15. Longitudinal experiences of children remaining at home after a first-time investigation for suspected maltreatment

    PubMed Central

    Campbell, Kristine A.; Thomas, Andrea M.; Cook, Lawrence J.; Keenan, Heather T.

    2012-01-01

    Objective To describe longitudinal change in risk for children remaining at home following a first-time investigation for suspected maltreatment. Study design A retrospective cohort study of children remaining at home following first-time investigation for maltreatment using a nationally representative sample of households involved with Child Protective Services (CPS). Outcomes include poverty, social support, caregiver depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), drug/alcohol dependence, corporal punishment, and child behavior problems at baseline, 18, and 36 months following first-time CPS investigation. We present longitudinal models to 1) estimate prevalence of risk factors at each timepoint and 2) examine associations between risk-specific service referrals and longitudinal change in risk factor prevalence. Results Our sample represented 1,057,056 U.S. children remaining at home following first-time investigation for maltreatment. Almost 100,000 (9.2%) children experienced out-of-home placement within 36 months. The prevalence of poverty (44.3%), poor social support (36.3%), caregiver depression (24.4%), IPV (22.1%), and internalizing (30.0%) and externalizing (35.8%) child behavior problems was above general population prevalence at baseline and remained high over the next 36 months. Referral to risk-specific services occurred in a minority of cases, but was associated with significant longitudinal reductions in IPV, drug/alcohol dependence, and externalizing child behavior problems. Conclusions Children remaining at home following a first-time investigation for maltreatment live with persistent risk factors for repeat maltreatment. Appropriate service referrals are uncommon, but may be associated with meaningful reduction in risk over time. Pediatricians and policy makers may be able to improve outcomes in these families with appropriate service provision and referrals. PMID:22480699

  16. Computer Literacy of Entering Freshmen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tellep, Andrew

    In an effort to improve college program planning using data on the computer skills of entering freshmen, a survey was conducted to obtain information about computer science programs in Pennsylvania's public schools. The study investigated the material being taught, the background of computer science teachers, program plans, tendencies in the…

  17. Enteral Tube Feeding and Pneumonia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, David Sheridan; Kimmel, David

    2006-01-01

    To determine the effects of enteral tube feeding on the incidence of pneumonia, we performed a retrospective review of all clients at our institution who had gastrostomy or jejunostomy tubes placed over a 10-year period. Ninety-three subjects had a history of pneumonia before feeding tube insertion. Eighty had gastrostomy and 13, jejunostomy…

  18. Student Services International Student Address

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    Enrolments Student Services International Student Address Student number": ___________________________________ Permanent contact details This must be an overseas address unless your parent/guardian is living in New: ___________________________________ Is this address also your emergency contact? Yes No Current NZ address Enter the address where you are living

  19. First-time anterior shoulder dislocations: should they be arthroscopically stabilised?

    PubMed Central

    Sedeek, Sedeek Mohamed; Bin Abd Razak, Hamid Rahmatullah; Ee, Gerard WW; Tan, Andrew HC

    2014-01-01

    The glenohumeral joint is inherently unstable because the large humeral head articulates with the small shadow glenoid fossa. Traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder is a relatively common athletic injury, and the high frequency of recurrent instability in young athletes after shoulder dislocation is discouraging to both the patient and the treating physician. Management of primary traumatic shoulder dislocation remains controversial. Traditionally, treatment involves initial immobilisation for 4–6 weeks, followed by functional rehabilitation. However, in view of the high recurrence rates associated with this traditional approach, there has been an escalating interest in determining whether immediate surgical intervention can lower the rate of recurrent shoulder dislocation, improving the patient’s quality of life. This review article aims to provide an overview of the nature and pathogenesis of first-time primary anterior shoulder dislocations, the widely accepted management modalities, and the efficacy of primary surgical intervention in first-time primary anterior shoulder dislocations. PMID:25631890

  20. West Virginia University -Main Campus Student Retention and Graduation Rates

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University - Main Campus Student Retention and Graduation Rates First-Time, Full ---------------------------------------------------------------------Continuation Rates and Cumulative Graduation Rates

  1. Assessing individual risk for high-risk colorectal adenoma at first-time screening colonoscopy.

    PubMed

    Cao, Yin; Rosner, Bernard A; Ma, Jing; Tamimi, Rulla M; Chan, Andrew T; Fuchs, Charles S; Wu, Kana; Giovannucci, Edward L

    2015-10-01

    Assessing risk of colorectal adenoma at first-time colonoscopy that are of higher likelihood of developing advanced neoplasia during surveillance could help tailor first-line colorectal cancer screening. We developed prediction models for high-risk colorectal adenoma (at least one adenoma ?1 cm, or with advanced histology, or ?3 adenomas) among 4,881 asymptomatic white men and 17,970 women who underwent colonoscopy as their first-time screening for colorectal cancer in two prospective US studies using logistic regressions. C-statistics and Hosmer-Lemeshow tests were used to evaluate discrimination and calibration. Ten-fold cross-validation was used for internal validation. A total of 330 (6.7%) men and 678 (3.8%) women were diagnosed with high-risk adenoma at first-time screening colonoscopy. The model for men included age, family history of colorectal cancer, BMI, smoking, sitting watching TV/VCR, regular aspirin/NSAID use, physical activity, and a joint term of multivitamin and alcohol. For women, the model included age, family history of colorectal cancer, BMI, smoking, alcohol, beef/pork/lamb as main dish, regular aspirin/NSAID, calcium, and oral contraceptive use. The C-statistic of the model for men was 0.67 and 0.60 for women (0.64 and 0.57 in cross-validation). Both models calibrated well. The predicted risk of high-risk adenoma for men in the top decile was 15.4% vs. 1.8% for men in the bottom decile (Odds Ratio [OR]?=?9.41), and 6.6% vs. 2.1% for women (OR?=?3.48). In summary, we developed and internally validated an absolute risk assessment tool for high-risk colorectal adenoma among the US population that may provide guidance for first-time colorectal cancer screening. PMID:25820865

  2. High-Dose ?-Aminocaproic Acid Versus Aprotinin: Antifibrinolytic Efficacy in First-Time Coronary Operations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Balthasar Eberle; Eckhard Mayer; Gerhard Hafner; Jens Heinermann; Manfred Dahm; Winfried Prellwitz; Wolfgang Dick; Hellmut Oelert

    1998-01-01

    Background. The antifibrinolytic efficacy of a high-dose regimen of ?-aminocaproic acid (?-ACA) was compared with aprotinin in first-time coronary operations.Methods. In a prospective, double-blinded, randomized study, 20 patients received high-dose ?-ACA (10 g both as a loading and cardiopulmonary bypass priming dose, 2.5 g\\/h until 4 hours after protamine), and another 20 patients received aprotinin (2 × 106 KIU [280

  3. Population-based screening for anemia using first-time blood donors

    PubMed Central

    Mast, Alan E.; Steele, Whitney R.; Johnson, Bryce; Wright, David J.; Cable, Ritchard G.; Carey, Patricia; Gottschall, Jerome L.; Kiss, Joseph E.; Simon, Toby L.; Murphy, Edward L.

    2012-01-01

    Background Anemia is an important public health concern. Data from population-based surveys such as the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) are the gold standard, but are obtained infrequently and include only small samples from certain minority groups. Objectives We assessed whether readily available databases of blood donor hemoglobin values could be used as a surrogate for population hemoglobin values from NHANES. Design Blood donor venous and fingerstick hemoglobin values were compared to 10,254 NHANES 2005-2008 venous hemoglobin values using demographically stratified analyses and ANOVA. Fingerstick hemoglobins or hematocrits were converted to venous hemoglobin estimates using regression analysis. Results Venous hemoglobin values from 1,609 first time donors correlated extremely well with NHANES data across different age, gender and demographic groups. Cigarette smoking increased hemoglobin by 0.26 to 0.59 g/dL depending on intensity. Converted fingerstick hemoglobin from 36,793 first time donors agreed well with NHANES hemoglobin (weighted mean hemoglobin of 15.53 g/dL for donors and 15.73 g/dL for NHANES) with similar variation in mean hemoglobin by age. However, compared to NHANES, the larger donor dataset showed reduced differences in mean hemoglobin between Blacks and other races/ethnicities. Conclusions Overall, first-time donor fingerstick hemoglobins approximate U.S. population data and represent a readily available public health resource for ongoing anemia surveillance. PMID:22460662

  4. First-time Taiwanese expectant fathers' life experiences during the third trimester of pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Kao, Chien-Huei; Long, Ann

    2004-03-01

    This descriptive phenomenological study was designed to explore the life experiences of 14 Taiwanese first-time expectant fathers while their wives were in the third trimester of pregnancy. The authors used unstructured interviews to obtain the data from each participant. Data were analyzed by Colaizzi ' s (1978) method as a qualitative content analysis. In addition, the researcher used the work of Lincoln and Guba (1985) to enhance the rigorousness of this study. The findings demonstrated that during the third trimester of their wives ' pregnancy eight key themes emerged among the first-time expectant fathers, as follows: (1). Jubilation; (2). Feelings of uuncertainty (3). Adjustment; (4). Preparation for fatherhood; (5). Engagement; (6). Gender concerns; (7). The wonder of fetal movement, and (8). Expanded vision. The findings from this study have an important contribution to make to an advancement of practice, education and research concerning first-time fathers ' needs and aspirations. In addition, the findings showed that there is a need to reaffirm the place of caring in nursing and midwifery if our goal is to provide a high quality service which meets the needs of the woman and her family. It is essential for nurses to champion the advancement of family-centred care which involves their partners in pregnancy. PMID:15136964

  5. Enteric pathogens through life stages

    PubMed Central

    Kolling, Glynis; Wu, Martin; Guerrant, Richard L.

    2012-01-01

    Enteric infections and diarrheal diseases constitute pervasive health burdens throughout the world, with rates being highest at the two ends of life. During the first 2–3 years of life, much of the disease burden may be attributed to infection with enteric pathogens including Salmonella, rotavirus, and many other bacterial, viral, and protozoan organisms; however, infections due to Clostridium difficile exhibit steady increases with age. Still others, like Campylobacter infections in industrialized settings are high in early life (<2 years old) and increase again in early adulthood (called the “second weaning” by some). The reasons for these differences undoubtedly reside in part in pathogen differences; however, host factors including the commensal intestinal microbial communities, immune responses (innate and acquired), and age-dependant shifts likely play important roles. Interplay of these factors is illustrated by studies examining changes in human gut microbiota with inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome. Recent gut microbial surveys have indicated dramatic shifts in gut microbial population structure from infants to young adults to the elders. An understanding of the evolution of these factors and their interactions (e.g., how does gut microbiota modulate the “inflamm-aging” process or vice versa) through the human life “cycle” will be important in better addressing and controlling these enteric infections and their consequences for both quality and quantity of life (often assessed as disability adjusted life-years or “DALYs”). PMID:22937528

  6. University of Oregon First-Time, Full-Time Freshmen** Cohorts 2000 through 2010

    E-print Network

    Oregon, University of

    and graduation rates for students of color, it is important to remember that most cohorts contain very small 2004 2-, 3-, and 4-Year Retention and 4-, 5-, and 6-Year Graduation Rates for Students of Color by NEW-, and 4-Year Retention and 4-, 5-, and 6-Year Graduation Rates for Students of Color by NEW* Race

  7. Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 68

    E-print Network

    Astronomy Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 68 Number of students enrolled 3 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 21 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 2 Median years to Ph.D. 6.3 Percent of students awarded Ph.D. 53% Notes: Median years

  8. The Decision to Enter Medicine: Motivations, Social Support, and Discouragements for Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kutner, Nancy G.; Brogan, Donna R.

    1980-01-01

    Women medical students indicated that wanting to serve others, independence, and interest in science were strong motivations for entering medicine. Women, more often than men, cited the challenge of a medical career and high occupational prestige; they were also more likely to have been discouraged from entering medicine. (Author)

  9. Temporal associations between substance use and delinquency among youth with a first time offense

    PubMed Central

    Hunter, Sarah B.; Miles, Jeremy N.V.; Pedersen, Eric R.; Ewing, Brett A.; D’Amico, Elizabeth J.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Substance use and delinquency among adolescents has been shown to be positively associated; however, the temporal relationship is not well understood. Examining the association between delinquency and substance use is especially relevant among adolescents with a first-time substance use related offense as they are at-risk for future problems. METHOD Data from 193 adolescents at time of diversion program entry and six months later was examined using cross-lagged path analysis to determine whether substance use and related consequences were associated with other types of delinquency across time. RESULTS Results demonstrated that delinquency at program entry was related to subsequent reports of heavy drinking and alcohol consequences, but not marijuana use or its consequences. In contrast, alcohol and marijuana use at program entry was not related to future reports of delinquency. CONCLUSIONS Findings emphasize the need to build in comprehensive assessments and interventions for youth with a first time offense in order to prevent further escalation of substance use and criminal behaviors. PMID:24656642

  10. First-time DWI offenders are at risk of recidivating regardless of sanctions imposed

    PubMed Central

    Ahlin, Eileen M.; Zador, Paul L.; Rauch, William J.; Howard, Jan M.; Duncan, G. Doug

    2011-01-01

    Objective Research demonstrates that punitive approaches to DWI employed by the judiciary have failed to significantly reduce recidivism. However, little is known about the deterrent effects of administrative and diversion sanctions. We examine whether such sanctions deter first-time DWI offenders. Methods We grouped combinations of administrative, judicial, and diversion sanctions routinely employed in the state of Maryland for processing drivers arrested for DWI into one of eight mutually exclusive disposition sequences. We applied this classification to Maryland drivers who had been licensed in the state and had precisely one DWI on their record prior to January 1, 1999. We then used a proportional hazards model to estimate the probability of remaining free of a new DWI during a 6-year period (January 1, 1999 – December 31, 2004) as a function of the disposition of the index violation, and of selected factors that could affect that probability. Results Drivers with a prior DWI were at relatively high risk of recidivating regardless of how they were sanctioned. Those who received administrative and alternative sanctions had a risk of recidivating similar to that of drivers who were convicted. Conclusion All dispositions sequences, not just convictions, indicate that first-time DWI offenders are at high risk of recidivating. PMID:21603059

  11. First-time DWI offenders are at risk of recidivating regardless of sanctions imposed.

    PubMed

    Ahlin, Eileen M; Zador, Paul L; Rauch, William J; Howard, Jan M; Duncan, G Doug

    2011-03-01

    OBJECTIVE: Research demonstrates that punitive approaches to DWI employed by the judiciary have failed to significantly reduce recidivism. However, little is known about the deterrent effects of administrative and diversion sanctions. We examine whether such sanctions deter first-time DWI offenders. METHODS: We grouped combinations of administrative, judicial, and diversion sanctions routinely employed in the state of Maryland for processing drivers arrested for DWI into one of eight mutually exclusive disposition sequences. We applied this classification to Maryland drivers who had been licensed in the state and had precisely one DWI on their record prior to January 1, 1999. We then used a proportional hazards model to estimate the probability of remaining free of a new DWI during a 6-year period (January 1, 1999 - December 31, 2004) as a function of the disposition of the index violation, and of selected factors that could affect that probability. RESULTS: Drivers with a prior DWI were at relatively high risk of recidivating regardless of how they were sanctioned. Those who received administrative and alternative sanctions had a risk of recidivating similar to that of drivers who were convicted. CONCLUSION: All dispositions sequences, not just convictions, indicate that first-time DWI offenders are at high risk of recidivating. PMID:21603059

  12. The Role of Financial Aid in Hispanic First-Time Freshman Persistence. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtenstein, Marsha

    Most existing research suggests that financial aid has a positive effect on minority student persistence although there are few multivariate studies that analyze the benefits of financial aid to Hispanic undergraduates at four-year colleges. This study used path analysis to evaluate the strength of various predictors of student persistence,…

  13. Major in Anything and be Pre-Law at NEBRASKA! Pre-Law is an advising category for students who are preparing to enter law school after graduation. The great part is that you can

    E-print Network

    Logan, David

    your major to the area of law where your passion lies. If you are interested in: · Conservation law for many areas of law. No matter which path you select, UNL's rigorous and thought-provoking coursesPRE-LAW Major in Anything and be Pre-Law at NEBRASKA! Pre-Law is an advising category for students

  14. Cross-cultural comparison of the information sources used by first-time and repeat travelers and its marketing implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph S. Chen; Dogan Gursoy

    2000-01-01

    This research is to investigate first-time and repeat German, French, and British travelers’ use of information sources. Three research questions are proposed to explore the differences in the use of information between repeat and first-time travelers and delineate the information usage pattern among the above three groups of travelers. Accordingly, this study analyzed the data collected from a series of

  15. A Multiple Family Group Intervention for First-Time Juvenile Offenders: Comparisons with Probation and Dropouts on Recidivism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, William H.; Van Dyke, David J.

    2004-01-01

    This study evaluated a multiple-family group-intervention program (MFGI) for first-time juvenile offenders. The recidivism rate for subjects who completed the MFGI (the Family Solutions Program) was compared to recidivism rates of two other groups of first-time juvenile offenders. Using logistic regression analysis predicting who will recidivate,…

  16. Residence and Migration of First-Time Freshmen Enrolled in Higher Education Institutions: Fall 1994. E.D. TABS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbett, Samuel

    This report presents 23 tables of data on residence and migration of first-time freshmen based on the 1994 "Fall Enrollment" survey, part of the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. The survey counted 2.14 million first-time freshmen. More than 366,000 (17 percent) migrated between states. The percent of freshmen who left their state to…

  17. The lived experience of first-time expectant fathers whose spouses are tocolyzed in hospital.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, Yu-Hui; Kao, Chien-Huei; Gau, Meei-Ling

    2006-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore the experiences of first-time expectant fathers whose spouses undergo tocolysis in the hospital. The study was conducted by the descriptive phenomenological method. On the basis of the qualitative method, the data were subjected to Colaizzi's content analysis by means of the constant comparison method. Data were collected through one-on-one interviews with six expectant fathers. The findings revealed that the experiences of the fathers could be summarized under the following five themes: being confused and absent-minded in an awkward situation, facing difficulty and attempting to identify solutions, breaking through the dilemma, looking forward to being a father, and looking back with complicated feelings. The findings of this study should provide nursing staff in charge of family- centered maternity care with information about how tocolysis influences the families of first-born babies. They should also contribute to improvements in nursing quality. PMID:16547907

  18. Displays: Entering a New Dimension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starkman, Neal

    2007-01-01

    As display technologies prepare to welcome 3-D, the 21st-century classroom will soon bear little resemblance to anything students and teachers have ever seen. In this article, the author presents the latest innovations in the world of digital display technology. These include: (1) Touchlight, an interactive touch screen program that takes a normal…

  19. Motives for entering nursing in Iran: A qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    Tayebi, Zahra; Dehghan-Nayeri, Nahid; Negarandeh, Reza; Shahbazi, Shirin

    2013-01-01

    Context: Choosing a career is an important decision for each individual, which is affected by many different factors. The process of entering nursing, as one of the pivotal healthcare discipline, certainly affects quality of care, and retention of nurses in the profession. Aims: Exploring factors affecting the students’ decision to enter nursing. Setting and Design: This qualitative content analysis was carried at the school of Nursing and Midwifery of Tehran University of medical sciences. Materials and Methods: The semi structured interview method was used to conduct this qualitative study on 11 nursing freshmen in 2010. We transcribed the interviews verbatim and analyzed them using the conventional content analysis approach. Results: Four main categories, reflecting the factors affecting the participants’ decision to enter nursing emerged in this study: Capabilities of the profession, coercion, having an interest in the medical and allied health fields, and receiving positive feedbacks. The participants had tried to gather information about nursing through different sources, including nurses and other health care professionals, counselors and Internet, which almost all the time, yielded to no useful information and sometimes with negative feedback. Conclusions: Findings revealed that, unlike other countries, few participants had entered nursing with a real interest in helping and caring for others, and other factors such as having an interest in the medical and allied health fields, coercion, and good employment opportunities were the most important motives. Students’ lack of knowledge about the profession deserves special attention. Nursing managers’ should try to introduce the reality of nursing to the public and as a result, attract more competent students to the profession. PMID:23983730

  20. Entering China: an unconventional approach.

    PubMed

    Vanhonacker, W

    1997-01-01

    Conventional wisdom has it that the best way to do business in China is through an equity joint venture (EJV) with a well-connected Chinese partner. But pioneering companies are starting a trend toward a new way to enter that market: as a wholly foreign-owned enterprise, or WFOE. Increasingly, says the author, joint ventures do not offer foreign companies what they need to succeed in China. For example, many companies want to do business nationally, but the prospects for finding a Chinese partner with national scope are poor. Moreover, there are often conflicting perceptions between partners about how to operate an EJV: Chinese companies, for example, typically have a more immediate interest in profits than foreign investors do. By contrast, the author asserts, WFOEs are faster to set up and easier to manage; and they allow managers to expand operations more rapidly. That makes them the perfect solution, right? The answer is a qualified yes. First, foreign companies will still need sources of guanxi, or social and political connections. Second, managers must take steps to avoid trampling on China's cultural or economic sovereignty. Third and perhaps most important, foreign companies must be prepared to bring something of value to China-usually in the form of jobs or new technology that can help the country develop. Companies willing to make the effort, says the author, can reap the rewards of China's burgeoning marketplace. PMID:10165447

  1. Supporting student nurses in practice with additional online communication tools.

    PubMed

    Morley, Dawn A

    2014-01-01

    Student nurses' potential isolation and difficulties of learning on placement have been well documented and, despite attempts to make placement learning more effective, evidence indicates the continuing schism between formal learning at university and situated learning on placement. First year student nurses, entering placement for the first time, are particularly vulnerable to the vagaries of practice. During 2012 two first year student nurse seminar groups (52 students) were voluntarily recruited for a mixed method study to determine the usage of additional online communication support mechanisms (Facebook, wiki, an email group and traditional methods of support using individual email or phone) while undertaking their first five week clinical placement. The study explores the possibility of strengthening clinical learning and support by promoting the use of Web 2.0 support groups for student nurses. Results indicate a high level of interactivity in both peer and academic support in the use of Facebook and a high level of interactivity in one wiki group. Students' qualitative comments voice an appreciation of being able to access university and peer support whilst working individually on placement. Recommendations from the study challenge universities to use online communication tools already familiar to students to complement the support mechanisms that exist for practice learning. This is tempered by recognition of the responsibility of academics to ensure their students are aware of safe and effective online communication. PMID:23871299

  2. Sexuality, intimacy, and marital satisfaction in Iranian first-time parents.

    PubMed

    Nezhad, Maryam Zarra; Goodarzi, Ali Moazami

    2011-01-01

    This study aims at investigating the sexual relationship and intimate of postpartum spouses and the effect of those relationships on their marital satisfaction. A sample of 128 postpartum couples having given birth to their first child (6-36 weeks postpartum) participated in this study during 2009. A nonexperimental, cross-sectional survey design was conducted using Sexual Interest and Desire Inventory, Personal Assessment of Intimacy in Relationship Scale and Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale. Using univariate and multivariate regression analysis, results suggested that there were higher levels of sexual desire reported by husbands and there was a significant positive relationship between sexuality and marital satisfaction, for both genders. Moreover, high intimacy diminished the negative effects of marital satisfaction due to reported low sexual satisfaction. Regarding negative effects of marital dissatisfaction in first-time families, it is important to assess main related issues such as postpartum sexuality and intimacy, to obtain knowledge for health care providers to provide support to the postpartum families. PMID:21400332

  3. Men, maternity and moral residue: negotiating the moral demands of the transition to first time fatherhood.

    PubMed

    Ives, Jonathan

    2014-09-01

    This article discusses men's transition to first time fatherhood, with a focus on the way they recognise various in-tension moral demands and negotiate an appropriate role for themselves. The findings are taken from a longitudinal study, drawing on elements of grounded theory, comprising a series of face-to-face and telephone interviews with 11 men over a 9-month period from the 12(th) week of pregnancy to 8 weeks after the birth. The analysis focuses on men's feelings and experience of exclusion and participation, and their response and reaction to that experience. The findings present two descriptive themes, 'on the inside looking in' and 'present but not participating', followed by third theme 'deference and support: a moral response' that exposes the dilemmatic nature of men's experience and explains the participants' apparent acceptance of being less involved. The discussion explores the concept of moral residue, arguing that while deference and support may be an appropriate role for fathers in the perinatal period it may also be a compromise that leads to feelings of uncertainty and frustration, which is a consequence of being in a genuinely dilemmatic situation. PMID:25091825

  4. Men, maternity and moral residue: negotiating the moral demands of the transition to first time fatherhood

    PubMed Central

    Ives, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses men's transition to first time fatherhood, with a focus on the way they recognise various in-tension moral demands and negotiate an appropriate role for themselves. The findings are taken from a longitudinal study, drawing on elements of grounded theory, comprising a series of face-to-face and telephone interviews with 11 men over a 9-month period from the 12th week of pregnancy to 8 weeks after the birth. The analysis focuses on men's feelings and experience of exclusion and participation, and their response and reaction to that experience. The findings present two descriptive themes, ‘on the inside looking in’ and ‘present but not participating’, followed by third theme ‘deference and support: a moral response’ that exposes the dilemmatic nature of men's experience and explains the participants’ apparent acceptance of being less involved. The discussion explores the concept of moral residue, arguing that while deference and support may be an appropriate role for fathers in the perinatal period it may also be a compromise that leads to feelings of uncertainty and frustration, which is a consequence of being in a genuinely dilemmatic situation. PMID:25091825

  5. On the Learning Behaviours of English Additional-Language Speakers Entering Engineering Education in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woollacott, L.; Simelane, Z.; Inglis, J.

    2011-01-01

    This article reports the findings of an inductive study on the learning behaviours and language difficulties of a small group of English additional-language students entering a school of chemical and metallurgical engineering in South Africa. Students were interviewed in their home language. While they appeared to have had a reasonable grounding…

  6. Creating a Virtual World Mindset: A Guide for First Time Second Life Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoerger, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    Education technology proponents argue that tech-savvy students want active learning opportunities that enable them to produce, as well as consume, content. Some educators have responded to this rhetoric by appropriating virtual worlds such as Second Life (SL) for teaching and learning. While SL rewards exploration and experimentation, the…

  7. Teaching English for the First Time: Anxiety among Japanese Elementary-School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machida, Tomohisa

    2011-01-01

    English language education officially started in Japanese elementary schools in 2009. Homeroom teachers, whether experienced or not, are responsible for teaching the subject to students. Additionally, teachers are often required to team-teach with a native English speaker. It is plausible that Japanese teachers are anxious about teaching English.…

  8. Environmental enteric dysfunction: An overview

    PubMed Central

    Crane, Rosie J.; Jones, Kelsey D. J.; Berkley, James A.

    2015-01-01

    Background Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) refers to an incompletely defined syndrome of inflammation, reduced absorptive capacity, and reduced barrier function in the small intestine. It is widespread among children and adults in low- and middle-income countries. Understanding of EED and its possible consequences for health is currently limited. Objective A narrative review of the current understanding of EED: epidemiology, pathogenesis, therapies, and relevance to child health. Methods Searches for key papers and ongoing trials were conducted using PUBMED 1966–June 2014; ClinicalTrials.gov; the WHO Clinical Trials Registry; the Cochrane Library; hand searches of the references of retrieved literature; discussions with experts; and personal experience from the field. Results EED is established during infancy and is associated with poor sanitation, certain gut infections, and micronutrient deficiencies. Helicobacter pylori infection, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), abnormal gut microbiota, undernutrition, and toxins may all play a role. EED is usually asymptomatic, but it is important due to its association with stunting. Diagnosis is frequently by the dual sugar absorption test, although other biomarkers are emerging. EED may partly explain the reduced efficacy of oral vaccines in low- and middle-income countries and the increased risk of serious infection seen in children with undernutrition. Conclusions Despite its potentially significant impacts, it is currently unclear exactly what causes EED and how it can be treated or prevented. Ongoing trials involve nutritional supplements, water and sanitation interventions, and immunomodulators. Further research is needed to better understand this condition, which is of likely crucial importance for child health and development in low- and middle-income settings. PMID:25902619

  9. The Correctional Custody Facility: Rehabilitation of the First-Time Offender in the U.S. Army.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Robert Evan

    1983-01-01

    Describes the Army's Correctional Custody Facility, a rehabilitation method for first-time offenders that is intended to recreate and strengthen the original resocialization process. The small number of return offenders suggests the facility's success as a rehabilitation concept. (JAC)

  10. Parents with first time major depression: perceptions of social support for themselves and their children.

    PubMed

    Skärsäter, Ingela

    2006-09-01

    The aim of this study was to ascertain the perceptions of parents, with first time major depression, regarding the social support for themselves and their children. Eighteen parents, with children under the age of 19, were interviewed on admission to an inpatient unit and of these 16 were followed up 1 year later. In addition, the severity of parents' depression and their functional status was measured. The results showed that although the parents did regain their mental health and functional capacity to a certain extent, they nevertheless remained in a vulnerable position, increasing the strain on the whole family. The parents' and their children's social support was low and came mostly from outside the family. The parents were worried about their children, due to problems related to the depressive episode as well as ordinary teenage rebellion. Important questions concerned practical problems such as whether there was someone to take care of the children if the parent is incapable of doing so. There were also concerns pertaining to how the changed family situation might interfere with the child's natural development or whether depression was a question of heredity. This highlights the need to investigate the importance of social support for the family as a whole when one of them suffers from depression. There is a need for improved treatment of parental depression to reduce symptoms such as decreased functional status that may impair parenting. The study also emphasises the need for healthcare practitioners to assess multiple aspects of social support so that care planning will target all relevant domains. PMID:16922985

  11. First-time parents' expectations about the division of childcare and play.

    PubMed

    Biehle, Susanne N; Mickelson, Kristin D

    2012-02-01

    The current study examines violated expectations regarding the division of childcare and play in first-time parents during the initial transition to parenthood. The study's goal was threefold: (a) to compare prenatal expectations with the reported postpartum division of childcare and play, (b) to compare the influence of the reported division versus violated expectations on postpartum relationship satisfaction and depression, and (c) to examine the role of persistent violations of expectations on these outcomes. Couples expecting their first child were interviewed during the third trimester of pregnancy and at 1 and 4 months postpartum. Results indicated both mothers and fathers have unrealistic expectations during pregnancy; interestingly, the direction violation was opposite but converging for mothers and fathers. As found in prior research, mothers experienced unmet expectations with fathers doing less than mothers expected. Fathers, on the other hand, experienced overmet expectations with mothers doing more than fathers expected. Violated expectations were also a stronger predictor of depression and relationship satisfaction than the reported division, although again in opposite directions for mothers and fathers. Unmet expectations were negative for mothers, while overmet expectations with regard to childcare tasks were beneficial for fathers. The one caveat was for fathers' overmet expectations with play; in this case, a mother playing with the baby more than a father expected was related to less relationship satisfaction. A similar pattern of results was found for mothers and fathers with persistent violations. This study highlights the importance of understanding violated expectations in both mothers and fathers, as well as examining play separately from childcare. PMID:22182336

  12. Enteral nutrition in patients with respiratory disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. K. Pingleton

    1996-01-01

    Enteral nutrition in patients with respiratory disease. S.K. Pingleton. ©ERS Journals Ltd 1996. ABSTRACT: Nutritional assessment and management is an important therapeutic modality in patients with respiratory disease. Malnutrition adversely affects res- piratory function. Nutritional therapy for the spontaneously breathing patient should include an appropriate diet plus the consideration of nutritional supplements. Complete nutritional support should be undertaken with enteral

  13. FACTORS PREDISPOSING CALVES FOR E. COLI ENTERITIS

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    of healthy rabbits inhibited the growth of E. coli strains both in vivo and in vitro, this effect eitherFACTORS PREDISPOSING CALVES FOR E. COLI ENTERITIS L. PROHÁSZKA Vetevinavy Medical Reseavch outbreaks of E. coli enteritis were studied. It was found that in newborn calves the serum bicarbonate level

  14. Enteral feed obstructing its own way

    PubMed Central

    Kesarwani, Vikas; Ghelani, Dhaval R.; Reece, Graham

    2010-01-01

    Esophageal obstruction due to solidified enteral feeds is a rare but distressful complication in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. It has been suggested that gastroesophageal reflux, very low gastric pH, decreased pepsin and pancreatic enzyme secretions may be responsible for the solidification of casein containing enteral formulas. Recognition and avoidance of these factors will prevent such complication. PMID:21253347

  15. Titan's Far-Infrared 220 cm-1 Cloud Seen for the First Time in the South

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jennings, Donald; Anderson, Carrie; Samuelson, Robert; Nixon, Conor; Flasar, Michael; Teanby, Nick; de Kok, Remco; Coustenis, Athena; Vinatier, Sandrine

    2013-04-01

    In 2012 an emission feature at 220 cm-1 in Titan's far-infrared spectrum was seen for the first time in the south [1]. Attributed to a stratosphere ice cloud formed at the winter pole, the 220 cm-1 emission had previously been seen only at high northern latitudes where it had been decreasing since the arrival of Cassini in 2004 [2]. Our far-infrared observations were performed with the Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini [3]. Although it had been expected that the 220 cm-1 emission would eventually appear in the south, the emission appeared rather suddenly, increasing by a factor of at least four between February (when it was not detected) and July 2012. At the time of our observations, one Titan month after equinox, the 220 cm-1feature was present in both the north and south and showed a trend of continued slow decrease in the north and steep increase in the south. As has been the case in the north, the emission in the south was confined to high latitudes associated with winter polar shadowing. Our spectroscopic detection of the southern 220 cm-1 ice cloud coincided with the rapid formation in 2012 of a haze hood and vortex at the south pole as seen in Cassini images [4]. The 220 cm-1 feature was first observed by the Infrared Interferometer Spectrometer (IRIS) on Voyager 1 [5, 6] and has been extensively studied in the north by CIRS [7-10]. Until now the 220 cm-1 emission, like the polar hood, has been associated solely with the north, owing to the fact that Voyager and Cassini have viewed Titan only during winter-spring. In 2012 we witnessed the start of a seasonal shift of this pattern to the south. The 220 cm-1 emission arises from altitudes of 80-150 km and peaks sharply near 140 km. The material responsible for the spectral feature is not known, but indirect evidence hints at a condensate arising from complex nitriles, which also tend to be present only at high winter latitudes. References: [1] Jennings, D. E., et al., ApJ, 761, L15, 2012. [2] Jennings, D. E., et al., ApJ, 754, L3, 2012. [3] Flasar, F. M., et al., Space Sci. Rev., 115, 169, 2004. [4] West, R. A., et al., DPS, paper 300.04, 2012. [5] Kunde et al. 1981, [6] Coustenis et al., 1999. [7] de Kok et al., Icarus, 191, 223, 2007. [8] de Kok et al., Icarus, 197, 572, 2008. [9] Samuelson et al., Icarus, 189, 63, 2007. [10] Anderson, et al., presented at workshop "Titan Through Time 2", 2012.

  16. Characteristics of first-time fathers of advanced age: a Norwegian population-based study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The modern phenomenon of delayed parenthood applies not only to women but also to men, but less is known about what characterises men who are expecting their first child at an advanced age. This study investigates the sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviour, health problems, social relationships and timing of pregnancy in older first-time fathers. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted of 14 832 men who were expecting their first child, based on data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) carried out by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Data were collected in 2005–2008 by means of a questionnaire in gestational week 17–18 of their partner’s pregnancy, and from the Norwegian Medical Birth Register. The distribution of background variables was investigated across the age span of 25 years and above. Men of advanced age (35–39 years) and very advanced age (40 years or more) were compared with men aged 25–34 years by means of bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results The following factors were found to be associated with having the first child at an advanced or very advanced age: being unmarried or non-cohabitant, negative health behaviour (overweight, obesity, smoking, frequent alcohol intake), physical and mental health problems (lower back pain, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, sleeping problems, previous depressive symptoms), few social contacts and dissatisfaction with partner relationship. There were mixed associations for socioeconomic status: several proxy measures of high socioeconomic status (e.g. income >65 000 €, self-employment) were associated with having the first child at an advanced or very advanced age, as were several other proxy measures of low socioeconomic status (e.g. unemployment, low level of education, immigrant background).The odds of the child being conceived after in vitro fertilisation were threefold in men aged 34–39 and fourfold from 40 years and above. Conclusions Men who expect their first baby at an advanced or very advanced age constitute a socioeconomically heterogeneous group with more health problems and more risky health behaviour than younger men. Since older men often have their first child with a woman of advanced age, in whom similar characteristics have been reported, their combined risk of adverse perinatal outcomes needs further attention by clinicians and researchers. PMID:23363654

  17. Fall 2013 Entering Freshmen at Main Campus: 3,755 45% were in top 10% of high school class

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Fall 2013 Entering Freshmen at Main Campus: 3,755 · 45% were in top 10% of high school class · 82 2013 international student population. 2 76% of undergraduates on Main Campus are Connecticut residents Storrs Entering (Critical Reading and Math) High School High School Freshmen 2013 1010 1020 1233 Main

  18. First-time comet observations at the National Observatory of Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oklay, N.; Vincent, J.

    2014-07-01

    Introduction: We performed first-time scientific comet observations from Tübitak National Observatory (TUG), Turkey using two telescopes of that facility. In order to test the capabilities of the instruments, we performed a long comet-monitoring campaign from October 2013 to January 2014. We observed many comets, including but not limited to C/2012 S1 ISON, 154P Brewington, and C/2013 R1 Lovejoy. All comets were monitored for several nights with the Bessel R, V, and B filters from the 1-m (T100) and 1.5-m (RTT150) telescopes. Additionally, we acquired the first spectroscopic observations of a comet from TUG, using the TUG Faint Object Spectrograph (TFOSC with grism between 3230-9120 Å) mounted on RTT150. With these observations, we could assess the quality of the TUG instruments for cometary science, and identified a few limitations. We propose some technical improvements for future comet observations. These will open new observational opportunities for Turkish astronomers and a participation in international campaigns on cometary science. Observations and simulations: Apart from testing the instruments, our observations were also driven by the scientific questions regarding comet ISON around its perihelion passage. We intended to follow the formation and evolution of dust coma structures, and use well-tested models to simulate and understand this activity (Vincent et al. 2010, 2013, Lin et al. 2012). Additionally, we wanted to acquire spectra and derive the composition of the tail before and after perihelion. Unfortunately, the comet was not very active before perihelion and completely disintegrated at the end of November 2013. Nonetheless, we had acquired many images in the previous weeks, and we used the remaining nights to monitor other comets, mainly C/2013 R1 Lovejoy. Since the observatory is not equipped with the comet gas filters, we concentrated on dust structures and monitored comet ISON during October 2013 in Bessel R, B, and V filters. The cometary activity structures are investigated and simulations of dust tail are performed. On December 2013, we performed the first comet spectroscopy, targeting comet 154P and, additionally, observed comet C/2013 R1 in the Bessell R, B, and V filters. Results: Some additional gas filters for comet observations would be very useful for further observations. Fortunately, the budget for them is approved for 2014, and they are in the selection process. This will significantly improve future comet observations at TUG. T100: Imaging of fast-moving bright comets (like ISON) can be achieved by using short exposure times on the remotely operable T100 telescope, but non-sidereal tracking has to be improved for the observation of fast-moving small bodies of the solar system. Studies on the improvement of T100's tracking have already started at TUG. RTT150: Non-sidereal tracking is excellent and allowed us to take spectra of comet 154P. For future, we have established collaboration with the Rosetta mission and will monitor comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko starting from spring 2015. We are also ready for Gaia follow-up observations of solar-system objects with RTT150 (max. 5 nights/yr), T100 (max. 80 h/yr), and T60 (10--15 % of the total observing time).

  19. A generalized entering coefficient to characterize foam stability against oil in porous media

    SciTech Connect

    Bergeron, V.; Fagan, M.E.; Radke, C.J. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Foam is a promising mobility-control fluid for improving oil recovery from porous media. Unfortunately, foams stabilized by most currently employed surfactants do not remain stable in the presence of crude oils. This work establishes that the standard criterion of a negative classical entering coefficient for oil penetration into a water/gas interface (i.e., a nonentering oil) is not pertinent for foam stability in oil-saturated porous media. This paper introduces a generalized entering coefficient that accounts for thin-film forces and capillary-suction pressure. For the first time, disjoining pressure isotherms of pseudoemulsion and foam films, surface and interfacial tensions, and steady-state pressure gradients of flowing foam in glass beadpacks with and without residual oil are measured and compared. The authors find that those surfactants which exhibit highly repulsive disjoining pressures in oil-water-gas thin films (i.e., pseudoemulision films) exhibit high negative generalized entering coefficients. These same surfactants produce foams that are insensitive to residual oil in porous media. Thus, it is the negative value of the generalized entering coefficient, as defined by the integrated disjoining pressure isotherm at the appropriate capillary pressure, and not the classical entering coefficient, that characterizes foam stability against oil.

  20. The small firm enters international trade

    E-print Network

    Steelquist, Laura McDowell

    1973-01-01

    Enters International Trade. (May 1)73) Laura McDowell Steelquist, , B. A. , Baylor University Directed by: Dr. Alan Rufus Waters This thesis provides a discussion of' the factors invol. ved for the small firm in international business. International...

  1. OCCURRENCE OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN WATERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    A number of different types of human enteric viruses cause waterborne outbreaks when individuals are exposed to contaminated drinking and recreational waters. Vaccination against poliovirus has virtually eliminated poliomyelitis from the planet, but other members of the enterovi...

  2. "Enter-educate." Reaching youth with messages of sexual responsibility.

    PubMed

    Piotrow, P T; Rimon, J G

    1995-01-01

    Messages about sexual relationships, the prevention of pregnancy and disease, education, the empowerment of women, and concern for the environment are increasingly being disseminated to audiences of all ages through the use of entertainment. Ideas are presented in this Enter-Educate approach through popular, enjoyable entertainment in the form of songs, dramas, soap operas, variety shows, and other folk media. This approach can be adapted to be acceptable and effective in all cultures. Yafaman is one such example. It is a drama written and acted by high school students in Cote d'Ivoire which depicts the story of a school girl who learns that her older, married boyfriend is no longer interested in her when she becomes pregnant. After winning the annual national drama contest, Yafaman was televised and broadcast widely in schools and on national networks in francophone Africa. The video has also been dubbed in English for wider use. Popular music has delivered effective messages of sexual responsibility to young adults in Latin America and the Philippines. The US Agency for International Development-funded Population Communication Services project at the Johns Hopkins University supports 36 major Enter-Educate television series and specials, nine radio dramas, three songs, and nine music videos. Other organizations are expanding or experimenting with work in this area. The authors discuss the theoretical basis for Enter-Educate projects and explain that the approach works because it is pervasive, popular, personal, passionate, persuasive, practical, profitable, and proven effective. PMID:12319369

  3. Nonsense ?-thalassemia mutation at codon 37 (TGG>TGA), detected for the first time in three Turkish cases.

    PubMed

    Bozdogan, Sevcan Tug; Unsal, Cagatay; Erkman, Hakan; Genc, Ahmet; Yuregir, Ozge Ozalp; Muslumanoglu, Muhammed Hamza; Aslan, Huseyin

    2012-01-01

    Thalassemias are genetically heterogeneous group of disorders with reduced or absent production of globin. ?-Thalassemia major can be caused by homozygosity or compound heterozygosity for ?-globin gene mutation. Here we report, for the first time in Turkey, three cases who carry the nonsense ?-thalassemia (?-thal) mutation at codon 37 (TGG>TGA; Trp?Stop) causing premature stop codon. PMID:22385009

  4. Mass Media Use and Voting BehaviorThe Accuracy of Political Perceptions among First-Time and Experienced Voters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca Colwell Quarles

    1979-01-01

    This path analysis of 1972 presidential voting data suggests that first-time - voters are more likely than experienced voters to respond to campaign stimuli and to learn about candidates and issues through the newspaper. In more experienced voters, accuracy of political perception is predicted better by stable characteristics such as education and a day-to-day interest in politics, and newspaper use

  5. Time Limitation on Direct Subsidized Loan Eligibility for First-Time Borrowers on or after July 1, 2013

    E-print Network

    Lien, Jyh-Ming

    1 of 5 Time Limitation on Direct Subsidized Loan Eligibility for First- Time Borrowers on or after July 1, 2013 Maximum eligibility period to receive Direct Subsidized Loans There is a limit on the maximum period of time (measured in academic years) that you can receive Direct Subsidized Loans

  6. Time Limitation on Direct Subsidized Loan Eligibility for First-Time Borrowers on or after July 1, 2013

    E-print Network

    Feschotte, Cedric

    1 of 3 Time Limitation on Direct Subsidized Loan Eligibility for First- Time Borrowers on or after July 1, 2013 Maximum eligibility period to receive Direct Subsidized Loans There is a limit on the maximum period of time (measured in academic years) that you can receive Direct Subsidized Loans

  7. An Autoethnography of a First-Time School District Superintendent: Complicated by Issues of Race, Gender, and Persistent Fiscal Stress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dailey, Ardella Jones

    2011-01-01

    This inquiry used autoethnography methodology in a self-narrative format that places the self within the position of a first time Superintendent as an African American woman. The design of this research will allow the reader to travel with me through my experiences to obtain information about the challenges and obstacles of the superintendent…

  8. Out of the Mouth of Babes: First-Time Disadvantaged Mothers and Their Perceptions of Infant Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitmarsh, Judith

    2011-01-01

    An increasing emphasis is being placed on the importance of speech, language and communication (SLC) development during the first two years of life, since this contributes to cognitive ability and to later educational outcomes. This article explores what disadvantaged, first-time mothers know and understand about three key contributors to positive…

  9. STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH POLICY

    E-print Network

    Martin, Ralph R.

    1 STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH POLICY Revised January 2013 #12;2 A. INTRODUCTION 1. Context Widening with a notable increase in the numbers of students with significant mental health difficulties entering HE the continuum from promoting positive mental well-being to working with students with severe mental health

  10. Student Background (Demographics etc )

    E-print Network

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    Research Program (CIRP), Entering Fall Term Students Graphical Report (Recent Trends, 2012, Historical the extent to which each of the following describes you: Searching for mission/purpose in life Engaging

  11. Microbiome Associations of Therapeutic Enteral Nutrition

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Rajesh; Kellermayer, Richard

    2014-01-01

    One of the most effective forms of therapeutic enteral nutrition is designated as “exclusive enteral nutrition” (EEN). EEN constitutes the monotonous enteral delivery of complete liquid nutrition and has been most explored in the treatment Crohn’s disease (CD), a form of inflammatory bowel disease. While EEN’s mechanisms of action are not clearly understood, it has been shown to modify the composition of the intestinal microbiome, an important component of CD pathogenesis. The current literature on the intestinal microbiome in healthy individuals and CD patients is reviewed with respect to EEN therapy. Further investigations in this field are needed to better understand the role and potential for EEN in chronic human disorders. PMID:25421531

  12. Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A elaborate distinct systemic metabolite signatures during enteric fever

    PubMed Central

    Näsström, Elin; Vu Thieu, Nga Tran; Dongol, Sabina; Karkey, Abhilasha; Voong Vinh, Phat; Ha Thanh, Tuyen; Johansson, Anders; Arjyal, Amit; Thwaites, Guy; Dolecek, Christiane; Basnyat, Buddha; Baker, Stephen; Antti, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    The host–pathogen interactions induced by Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A during enteric fever are poorly understood. This knowledge gap, and the human restricted nature of these bacteria, limit our understanding of the disease and impede the development of new diagnostic approaches. To investigate metabolite signals associated with enteric fever we performed two dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC/TOFMS) on plasma from patients with S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi A infections and asymptomatic controls, identifying 695 individual metabolite peaks. Applying supervised pattern recognition, we found highly significant and reproducible metabolite profiles separating S. Typhi cases, S. Paratyphi A cases, and controls, calculating that a combination of six metabolites could accurately define the etiological agent. For the first time we show that reproducible and serovar specific systemic biomarkers can be detected during enteric fever. Our work defines several biologically plausible metabolites that can be used to detect enteric fever, and unlocks the potential of this method in diagnosing other systemic bacterial infections. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.03100.001 PMID:24902583

  13. Enter Date: Enter NVLAP Lab Code: NIST HANDBOOK 150-10 CHECKLIST

    E-print Network

    Enter Date: Enter NVLAP Lab Code: NIST HANDBOOK 150-10 CHECKLIST EFFICIENCY OF ELECTRIC MOTORS prescribed in NIST Handbook 150-10, Efficiency of Electric Motors. The Test Method Review Summary, which is used to review the laboratory's ability to perform Efficiency of Electric Motors test methods

  14. Effects of Ration Levels on Growth and Reproduction from Larvae to First-Time Spawning in the Female Gambusia affinis

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Zhiming; Zeng, Xiangling; Lin, Xiaotao; Xu, Zhongneng; Sun, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Somatic growth and reproduction were examined in individual laboratory-grown female Gambusia affinis fed with high (H), medium (M) and low (L) ration levels from birth to the first-time spawning. Results showed that the body length and weight, condition factor (CF), wet weight gain (WGw), specific growth rate in wet weight (SGRw) and ration levels in terms of energy (RLe) decreased significantly (p < 0.05) with decreasing ration levels from birth to first-time spawning. On the contrary, the food conversion efficiency in terms of energy (FCEe) increased significantly (p < 0.05) with the decreasing ration levels from birth to first-time sexual maturity. Furthermore, higher percentages of energy intake from food were allocated to somatic and gonad growth in M and L groups compared to the H group before sexual maturity; In addition, the time for first-time spawning in groups M and L was longer than that of the H group. As a result, the gonad-somatic index (GSI) and oocytes/embryos weight in M and L groups were similar to that of the H group, although the ovary weight and oocytes/embryos numbers were all lower than that of the H group. Also, similar growth performances were observed in second-generation offspring, which were produced by female parents fed with different ration levels. These findings suggest that the female G. affinis could produce a number of healthy offspring under conditions of food restriction, and that this could be achieved by increasing the energy allocated to gonad development, reducing fecundity and delaying spawning time. These life strategies ensured that G. affinis could survive and thrive in adverse environmental conditions and exhibit characteristics of invasive fish species. PMID:25768343

  15. West Virginia University -Main Campus Students' Right to Know Report

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Graduation Rates Full-Time First-Time Cohort Entering Fall 2005 Four Years or less Five Years Six Years Male's Degree Seeking Subcohort Who Completed a Bachelor's Degree Within: Four Year Graduation Rate Five Year Graduation Rate Six Year Graduation Rate Total Entering Cohort Bachelor's Degree Seeking Subcohort Exclusions

  16. Louisiana Tech University Student Health Center

    E-print Network

    Selmic, Sandra

    : ______________________________________________________________________________________ List any food or drug allergies.S. 17:170/R.S. 17:170.1/Schools of Higher Learning) requires all students entering Louisiana Tech

  17. Association of Maternal and Community Factors With Enrollment in Home Visiting Among At-Risk, First-Time Mothers

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Eric S.; Jones, David E.; Meinzen-Derr, Jareen K.; Short, Jodie A.; Ammerman, Robert T.; Van Ginkel, Judith B.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. We identified individual and contextual factors associated with referral and enrollment in home visiting among at-risk, first-time mothers. Methods. We retrospectively studied referral and enrollment in a regional home visiting program from 2007 to 2009 in Hamilton County, Ohio. Using linked vital statistics and census tract data, we obtained individual and community measures on first-time mothers meeting eligibility criteria for home visiting (low income, unmarried, or age?first-time mothers eligible for home visiting, 2775 were referred and 1543 were enrolled. Among referred women, high school completion (RR?=?1.10) and any college (RR?=?1.17) compared with no high school completion were associated with increased enrollment, and enrollment was less likely for those living in communities with higher socioeconomic deprivation (RR?=?0.71; P?

  18. The Relationship among Wellness, Psychological Distress, and Social Desirability of Entering Master's-Level Counselor Trainees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Heather L.; Robinson, E. H. "Mike", III; Young, Mark E.

    2007-01-01

    Two-hundred and four entering master's-level counseling students from 9 programs in 5 states participated in a study testing the only counseling-based wellness assessment measure, the Five Factor Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle (J. E. Myers, R. M. Luecht, & T. J. Sweeney, 2004), for its relationship to 2 other constructs: psychological distress…

  19. Check here if number is for hard copy only--not to be entered into banner

    E-print Network

    Pantaleone, Jim

    and federal laws. An assigned number is used for University records; however, a portion or all of the SSN mayCheck here if number is for hard copy only-- not to be entered into banner Name: _____________________________________________________________ Date of Birth _____/_____/_________ Last First Middle Month Day Year Student Cell Employee ID

  20. Visual Attention: Light Enters the Jochen Braun

    E-print Network

    Braun, Jochen

    Visual Attention: Light Enters the Jungle Jochen Braun Recent studies focusing on basic visual, the most basic of all visual attributes -- contrast -- presents an excellent opportunity for linking to a visual stimulus changes neural responses to that stimulus throughout the visual cortex [1

  1. enter part number BNC / RP-BNC

    E-print Network

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    enter part number Products 7/16 1.0/2.3 1.6/5.6 AFI AMC BNC / RP-BNC C FAKRA SMB FME HN MCX Mini ------- Product Search ------- Inventory Search Search Results for: 31-10152-RFX Results: 1 - 1 of 1 Part Number. All rights reserved. Copyright | Terms & Conditions | RF E-Mail Client | Contact Us | Amphenol

  2. Entering a Crack: An Encounter with Gossip

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Linda

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, I enter a crack to think otherwise about the concept "gossip". Drawing on previous scholarship engaging with Deleuzian concepts to inform research methodologies, this paper builds on this body of work. Following Deleuze and Guattari, the paper undertakes a mapping of gossip, subsequent to an encounter with a crack.…

  3. Enteral nutrition after bone marrow transplantation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Papadopoulou; A MacDonald; M D Williams; P J Darbyshire; I W Booth

    1997-01-01

    Nutritional insult after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is complex and its nutritional management challenging. Enteral nutrition is cheaper and easier to provide than parenteral nutrition, but its tolerance and effectiveness in reversing nutritional depletion after BMT is poorly defined. Nutritional status, wellbeing, and nutritional biochemistry were prospectively assessed in 21 children (mean age 7.5 years; 14 boys) who received nasogastric

  4. Astronaut John Glenn Enters Friendship 7

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1962-01-01

    Astronaut John Glenn enters the Mercury spacecraft, Friendship 7, prior to the launch of MA-6 on February 20, 1961 and became the first American who orbited the Earth. The MA-6 mission was the first manned orbital flight boosted by the Mercury-Atlas vehicle, a modified Atlas ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile), lasted for five hours, and orbited the Earth three times.

  5. Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class Admissions data for Biological and Biomedical Sciences can be found here.

    E-print Network

    Genetics Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Admissions data for Biological and Biomedical Sciences can be found here. Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 60 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 12 Median years to Ph.D. 6.3 Percent of students awarded Ph.D. 98

  6. "Entering Research": A Course that Creates Community and Structure for Beginning Undergraduate Researchers in the STEM Disciplines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balster, Nicholas; Pfund, Christine; Rediske, Raelyn; Branchaw, Janet

    2010-01-01

    Undergraduate research experiences have been shown to enhance the educational experience and retention of college students, especially those from underrepresented populations. However, many challenges still exist relative to building community among students navigating large institutions. We developed a novel course called "Entering Research" that…

  7. https://doyouliveunited.org 1. Enter you user ID

    E-print Network

    Search' button. 7. Enter you search terms for the agency of your choice and click on `Search'. #12;httpshttps://doyouliveunited.org 1. Enter you user ID: your email address Enter your password: welcome be different then the options listed here. 5. For a payroll pledge, enter the amount per pay or the total

  8. Systematic Review of Rehabilitation Versus Operative Stabilization for the Treatment of First-Time Anterior Shoulder Dislocations

    PubMed Central

    Godin, Jonathan; Sekiya, Jon K.

    2010-01-01

    Context: Primary anterior shoulder dislocation is a frequent injury in young active patients. Traditionally, conservative nonoperative primary treatment has been advocated for a majority of first-time dislocators, whereas operative stabilization has been reserved for recurrent dislocators or those involved in strenuous physical activity. Currently, no consensus exists on whether to treat a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation surgically. Objective: (1) To provide clinical recommendations regarding the therapeutic intervention for first-time anterior shoulder dislocators and (2) to determine if there is sufficient Level 1 or 2 evidence available for the establishment of a uniform, optimal treatment protocol. Data Sources: A systematic review of prospective randomized controlled trials with human participants was performed. PubMed, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and secondary references were appraised for studies published between 1994 and 2009. Study Selection: Inclusion criteria were English-language Level 1 or 2 studies involving the treatment of primary anterior shoulder dislocation. Exclusion criteria included non-English-language articles; Level 3, 4, or 5 studies; and studies examining treatment of recurrent/posterior shoulder dislocation or diagnoses other than primary anterior shoulder dislocations. Data Extraction: Each author conducted an independent quality appraisal of the included studies, identifying strengths, weaknesses, and biases, then reached consensus regarding their values. Results: Five randomized controlled trials were included, and they supported the use of operative management in a focused population. No long-term follow-up data were available describing the effects of surgical intervention or the development of osteoarthritis. Each study design had weaknesses that decreased the validity of the findings. Conclusions: While limited, the available evidence from randomized controlled trials supports operative stabilization as a reasonable alternative to nonoperative treatment for primary acute shoulder dislocation in young, active adults participating in highly demanding physical activities. Recommendations on the optimal surgical intervention cannot be provided. There is no conclusive evidence available to determine whether operative stabilization or conservative rehabilitation is superior for other patient or injury types. PMID:23015933

  9. Apparent inferiority of first-time breeders in the kittiwake: The role of heterogeneity among age classes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cam, E.; Monnat, J.-Y.

    2000-01-01

    1. Many studies have provided evidence that first-time breeders have a lower survival, a lower probability of success, or of breeding, in the following year. Hypotheses based on reproductive costs have often been proposed to explain this. However, because of the intrinsic relationship between age and experience, the apparent inferiority of first-time breeders at the population level may result from selection, and experience may not influence performance within each individual. In this paper we address the question of phenotypic correlations between fitness components. This addresses differences in individual quality, a prerequisite for a selection process to occur. We also test the hypothesis of an influence of experience on these components while taking age and reproductive success into account: two factors likely to play a key role in a selection process. 2. Using data from a long-term study on the kittiwake, we found that first-time breeders have a lower probability of success, a lower survival and a lower probability of breeding in the next year than experienced breeders. However, neither experienced nor inexperienced breeders have a lower survival or a lower probability of breeding in the following year than birds that skipped a breeding opportunity. This suggests heterogeneity in quality among individuals. 3. Failed birds have a lower survival and a lower probability of breeding in the following year regardless of experience. This can be interpreted in the light of the selection hypothesis. The inferiority of inexperienced breeders may be linked to a higher proportion of lower-quality individuals in younger age classes. When age and breeding success are controlled for, there is no evidence of an influence of experience on survival or future breeding probability. 4. Using data from individuals whose reproductive life lasted the same number of years, we investigated the influence of experience on reproductive performance within individuals. There is no strong evidence that a process operating within individuals explains the improvement in performance observed at the population level.

  10. Proceedings: Telephone lines entering power substations

    SciTech Connect

    Addis, G.; Mankoff, L. (eds.)

    1988-08-01

    The EPRI workshop on ''Telephone Circuits Entering Substations'' was designed for technology interchange. It also served to evaluate the need for possible joint research by the telephone companies and the electric utilities related to requirements and methods for protection of telephone circuits entering power substations. Attendance at the meeting totalled 57, with a ratio of electric utility to telephone personnel about two to one. Papers were presented on typical applications and practices, modeling and measurement of ground potential rise, a review of the IEEE tutorial on substation grounding design practices, and new, available protective equipments. The ensuing discussions involved disagreements, in some cases, between measured ground potential differences and values derived by modeling. The application of probabilistic and risk analysis techniques, and new technology including semiconducting and non-linear devices for isolating or reducing overvoltages on telephone circuits resulting from ground faults, switching surges or lightning strikes were also included.

  11. Clinical and nutritional implications of radiation enteritis

    SciTech Connect

    Beer, W.H.; Fan, A.; Halsted, C.H.

    1985-01-01

    The clinical and nutritional significance of radiation enteritis was assessed in eight patients with chronic diarrhea which followed curative doses of radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies. Steatorrhea, found in seven malnourished patients, was ascribed to ileal disease or previous surgery, or to bacterial contamination of the small intestine. Lactose intolerance, assessed by breath hydrogen excretion after oral lactose and by jejunal lactase levels, was found in six patients. In a subgroup of five patients, the administration of two different defined formula liquid diets by nasoduodenal infusion decreased fecal fluid and energy losses by about one-half. Compared to Vivonex-HN, the infusion of Criticare-HN was associated with greater likelihood of intestinal gas production but a three-fold greater utilization of protein. Intestinal malabsorption and malnutrition in radiation enteritis has diverse etiologies. Whereas nutritional support by liquid diet limits fecal fluid and energy losses, these diets differ significantly in clinical tolerance and biologic value.

  12. Decedent Data Page The Decedent Data page is used to add information about a student's death.

    E-print Network

    's death. Navigation Campus Community ­ Personal Information (Student) ­ Biographical (Student)­ Personal Attributes ­ Decedent Data Fields Date of Death Enter the student's date of death. You can enter either the official date of death or the date on which OSU was notified of the death. When you enter a date and save

  13. Identification of functional parameters for the classification of older female fallers and prediction of 'first-time' fallers.

    PubMed

    König, N; Taylor, W R; Armbrecht, G; Dietzel, R; Singh, N B

    2014-08-01

    Falls remain a challenge for ageing societies. Strong evidence indicates that a previous fall is the strongest single screening indicator for a subsequent fall and the need for assessing fall risk without accounting for fall history is therefore imperative. Testing in three functional domains (using a total 92 measures) were completed in 84 older women (60-85 years of age), including muscular control, standing balance, and mean and variability of gait. Participants were retrospectively classified as fallers (n = 38) or non-fallers (n = 42) and additionally in a prospective manner to identify first-time fallers (FTFs) (n = 6) within a 12-month follow-up period. Principal component analysis revealed that seven components derived from the 92 functional measures are sufficient to depict the spectrum of functional performance. Inclusion of only three components, related to mean and temporal variability of walking, allowed classification of fallers and non-fallers with a sensitivity and specificity of 74% and 76%, respectively. Furthermore, the results indicate that FTFs show a tendency towards the performance of fallers, even before their first fall occurs. This study suggests that temporal variability and mean spatial parameters of gait are the only functional components among the 92 measures tested that differentiate fallers from non-fallers, and could therefore show efficacy in clinical screening programmes for assessing risk of first-time falling. PMID:24898021

  14. First-time electrical characterization of nanotubular ZrO2 films for micro-solid oxide fuel cell applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buyukaksoy, Aligul; Fürstenhaupt, Tobias; Birss, Viola I.

    2015-04-01

    In this work, anodically grown ZrO2 nanotubes (NTs) are examined for the first time for use in micro solid oxide fuel cell (?-SOFC) applications. This is due to their high surface area to volume ratio and useful nanoscale morphological features (e.g., 5-100 nm thick NT bases that could serve as the electrolyte layer). To understand their full potential for these applications, the determination of their electrical properties is necessary. Therefore, ZrO2 NTs, in the form of a uniform and crack-free film, were obtained by the two-step anodization of Zr foil in aqueous solutions. The films exhibited excellent adhesion to the Zr substrate, which facilitated impedance spectroscopy analyses, used for the first time to obtain the resistivity of the nanotubular array separately from the contact resistances. This gave a conductivity of the ZrO2 NTs of 1.6 × 10-6 S cm-1 at 600 °C in N2, approximately twice that reported for dense ZrO2 films measured at the same temperature in air, and also a very reasonable activation energy of 0.90 eV in the 400-600 °C temperature range.

  15. First-time electrical characterization of nanotubular ZrO2 films for micro-solid oxide fuel cell applications.

    PubMed

    Buyukaksoy, Aligul; Fürstenhaupt, Tobias; Birss, Viola I

    2015-05-14

    In this work, anodically grown ZrO2 nanotubes (NTs) are examined for the first time for use in micro solid oxide fuel cell (?-SOFC) applications. This is due to their high surface area to volume ratio and useful nanoscale morphological features (e.g., 5-100 nm thick NT bases that could serve as the electrolyte layer). To understand their full potential for these applications, the determination of their electrical properties is necessary. Therefore, ZrO2 NTs, in the form of a uniform and crack-free film, were obtained by the two-step anodization of Zr foil in aqueous solutions. The films exhibited excellent adhesion to the Zr substrate, which facilitated impedance spectroscopy analyses, used for the first time to obtain the resistivity of the nanotubular array separately from the contact resistances. This gave a conductivity of the ZrO2 NTs of 1.6 × 10(-6) S cm(-1) at 600 °C in N2, approximately twice that reported for dense ZrO2 films measured at the same temperature in air, and also a very reasonable activation energy of 0.90 eV in the 400-600 °C temperature range. PMID:25877824

  16. Sleep and Sleepiness among First-Time Postpartum Parents: A Field- and Laboratory-Based Multimethod Assessment

    PubMed Central

    Insana, Salvatore P.; Montgomery-Downs, Hawley E.

    2012-01-01

    The study aim was to compare sleep, sleepiness, fatigue, and neurobehavioral performance among first-time mothers and fathers during their early postpartum period. Participants were 21 first-time postpartum mother-father dyads (N=42) and seven childless control dyads (N=14). Within their natural environment, participants completed one week of wrist actigraphy monitoring, along with multi-day self-administered sleepiness, fatigue, and neurobehavioral performance measures. The assessment week was followed by an objective laboratory based test of sleepiness. Mothers obtained more sleep compared to fathers, but mothers’ sleep was more disturbed by awakenings. Fathers had greater objectively measured sleepiness than mothers. Mothers and fathers did not differ on subjectively measured sleep quality, sleepiness, or fatigue; however, mothers had worse neurobehavioral performance than fathers. Compared to control dyads, postpartum parents experienced greater sleep disturbance, sleepiness, and sleepiness associated impairments. Study results inform social policy, postpartum sleep interventions, and research on postpartum family systems and mechanisms that propagate sleepiness. PMID:22553114

  17. Sleep and sleepiness among first-time postpartum parents: a field- and laboratory-based multimethod assessment.

    PubMed

    Insana, Salvatore P; Montgomery-Downs, Hawley E

    2013-05-01

    The study aim was to compare sleep, sleepiness, fatigue, and neurobehavioral performance among first-time mothers and fathers during their early postpartum period. Participants were 21 first-time postpartum mother-father dyads (N?=?42) and seven childless control dyads (N?=?14). Within their natural environment, participants completed 1 week of wrist actigraphy monitoring, along with multi-day self-administered sleepiness, fatigue, and neurobehavioral performance measures. The assessment week was followed by an objective laboratory-based test of sleepiness. Mothers obtained more sleep compared to fathers, but mothers' sleep was more disturbed by awakenings. Fathers had greater objectively measured sleepiness than mothers. Mothers and fathers did not differ on subjectively measured sleep quality, sleepiness, or fatigue; however, mothers had worse neurobehavioral performance than fathers. Compared to control dyads, postpartum parents experienced greater sleep disturbance, sleepiness, and sleepiness-associated impairments. Study results can inform social policy, postpartum sleep intervention development, and research on postpartum family systems and mechanisms that propagate sleepiness. PMID:22553114

  18. The relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety among pregnant and postpartum first-time mothers.

    PubMed

    Sockol, Laura E; Epperson, C Neill; Barber, Jacques P

    2014-06-01

    Two studies examined the relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. In the first study, a measure of maternal attitudes, the Attitudes Toward Motherhood Scale (AToM), was developed and validated in a sample of first-time mothers. The AToM was found to have good internal reliability and convergent validity with cognitive biases and an existing measure of maternal attitudes. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses determined that the measure comprises three correlated factors: beliefs about others' judgments, beliefs about maternal responsibility, and maternal role idealization. In the second study, we used the AToM to assess the relationship between maternal attitudes and other psychological variables. The factor structure of the measure was confirmed. Maternal attitudes predicted symptoms of depression and anxiety, and these attitudes had incremental predictive validity over general cognitive biases and interpersonal risk factors. Overall, the results of these studies suggest that maternal attitudes are related to psychological distress among first-time mothers during the transition to parenthood and may provide a useful means of identifying women who may benefit from intervention during the perinatal period. PMID:24643422

  19. The Development and Validation of an Actuarial Risk Assessment Tool for the Prediction of First-Time Offending.

    PubMed

    Assink, Mark; van der Put, Claudia E; Stams, Geert Jan J M

    2014-11-12

    For prevention purposes, it is important that police officers can estimate the risk for delinquency among juveniles who were involved in a criminal offense, but not in the role of a suspect. In the present study, the Youth Actuarial Risk Assessment Tool for First-Time Offending (Y-ARAT-FO) was developed based solely on police records with the aim to enable Dutch police officers to predict the risk for first-time offending. For the construction of this initial screening instrument, an Exhaustive Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (Exhaustive CHAID) analysis was performed on a data set that was retrieved from the Dutch police system. The Y-ARAT-FO was developed on a sample of 1,368 juveniles and validated on a different sample of 886 juveniles showing moderate predictive accuracy in the validation sample (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC] = .728). The predictive accuracy of the Y-ARAT-FO was considered sufficient to justify its use as an initial screening instrument by the Dutch police. PMID:25395478

  20. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2011-12 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    University of San Francisco IPEDS 2011-12 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full Female Male Enrolled Graduated Average Grad Rate * Other Sports consist of: Men and Womens Golf, Tennis a graduation rate for the most recent four-year cohort that has had an opportunity to graduate within 150 per

  1. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2012-13 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    University of San Francisco IPEDS 2012-13 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full Graduation Rate 68% 48% 63% 71% 50% 64% 79% 74% 77% 75% 66% 73% 68% 66% 68% 69% 58% 66% 72% 66% 70% Alien Amendments of 1991, USF discloses a graduation rate for the most recent four-year cohort that has had

  2. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2010-11 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2004

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    University of San Francisco IPEDS 2010-11 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full Female Male Enrolled Graduated Average Grad Rate * Other Sports consist of: Men and Womens Golf, Tennis a graduation rate for the most recent four-year cohort that has had an opportunity to graduate within 150 per

  3. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2012-13 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    University of San Francisco IPEDS 2012-13 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full Female Male Enrolled Graduated Average Grad Rate * Other Sports consist of: Men and Womens Golf, Tennis a graduation rate for the most recent four-year cohort that has had an opportunity to graduate within 150 per

  4. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2011-12 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    University of San Francisco IPEDS 2011-12 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full Graduation Rate 66% 44% 60% 71% 56% 65% 78% 75% 77% 76% 74% 75% 67% 65% 66% 69% 62% 66% 71% 67% 70% Alien Amendments of 1991, USF discloses a graduation rate for the most recent four-year cohort that has had

  5. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2012-13 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    -Time Freshmen with a Stafford Loan and No Pell Grant Alien Four Year Enrolled Cohort: Full-Time First Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 0 45 5 196 130 276 84 736 Male 0 16 4 83 46 107 38 294 0-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 0 30 3 154 92 190 57 526 Male 0 10 2 63 30 77 18

  6. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2011-12 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    -Time Freshmen with a Stafford Loan and No Pell Grant Alien Four Year Enrolled Cohort: Full-Time First Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 0 45 5 196 111 258 68 683 Male 0 17 3 67 36 103 36 262 0-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 0 29 3 154 82 166 45 479 Male 0 9 2 53 25 67 20 176

  7. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2012-13 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    -Time Freshmen with No Stafford Loan and No Pell Grant Alien Four Year Enrolled Cohort: Full-Time First Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 99 36 9 234 83 583 139 1183 Male 100 10 5 143 55 302 72-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 71 21 6 178 64 389 95 824 Male 66 3 2 103 35 183 44

  8. University of San Francisco IPEDS 2011-12 Four Year Average Graduation Rates Summary of full-time, first-time freshmen who entered USF in the Fall of 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    -Time Freshmen with No Stafford Loan and No Pell Grant Alien Four Year Enrolled Cohort: Full-Time First Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 97 34 5 212 79 506 124 1057 Male 90 9 3 113 47 287 59 608-Resident African Native Hispanic White Unkown Total Race Female 72 19 3 154 59 335 82 724 Male 59 3 2 79 32 186 36

  9. African Swine Fever Virus Uses Macropinocytosis to Enter Host Cells

    PubMed Central

    Sánchez, Elena G.; Quintas, Ana; Pérez-Núñez, Daniel; Nogal, Marisa; Barroso, Susana; Carrascosa, Ángel L.; Revilla, Yolanda

    2012-01-01

    African swine fever (ASF) is caused by a large and highly pathogenic DNA virus, African swine fever virus (ASFV), which provokes severe economic losses and expansion threats. Presently, no specific protection or vaccine against ASF is available, despite the high hazard that the continued occurrence of the disease in sub-Saharan Africa, the recent outbreak in the Caucasus in 2007, and the potential dissemination to neighboring countries, represents. Although virus entry is a remarkable target for the development of protection tools, knowledge of the ASFV entry mechanism is still very limited. Whereas early studies have proposed that the virus enters cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis, the specific mechanism used by ASFV remains uncertain. Here we used the ASFV virulent isolate Ba71, adapted to grow in Vero cells (Ba71V), and the virulent strain E70 to demonstrate that entry and internalization of ASFV includes most of the features of macropinocytosis. By a combination of optical and electron microscopy, we show that the virus causes cytoplasm membrane perturbation, blebbing and ruffles. We have also found that internalization of the virions depends on actin reorganization, activity of Na+/H+ exchangers, and signaling events typical of the macropinocytic mechanism of endocytosis. The entry of virus into cells appears to directly stimulate dextran uptake, actin polarization and EGFR, PI3K-Akt, Pak1 and Rac1 activation. Inhibition of these key regulators of macropinocytosis, as well as treatment with the drug EIPA, results in a considerable decrease in ASFV entry and infection. In conclusion, this study identifies for the first time the whole pathway for ASFV entry, including the key cellular factors required for the uptake of the virus and the cell signaling involved. PMID:22719252

  10. Why are enteric ganglia so small? Role of differential adhesion of enteric neurons and enteric neural crest cells.

    PubMed

    Rollo, Benjamin N; Zhang, Dongcheng; Simkin, Johanna E; Menheniott, Trevelyan R; Newgreen, Donald F

    2015-01-01

    The avian enteric nervous system (ENS) consists of a vast number of unusually small ganglia compared to other peripheral ganglia. Each ENS ganglion at mid-gestation has a core of neurons and a shell of mesenchymal precursor/glia-like enteric neural crest (ENC) cells. To study ENS cell ganglionation we isolated midgut ENS cells by HNK-1 fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) from E5 and E8 quail embryos, and from E9 chick embryos. We performed cell-cell aggregation assays which revealed a developmentally regulated functional increase in ENS cell adhesive function, requiring both Ca (2+) -dependent and independent adhesion. This was consistent with N-cadherin and NCAM labelling. Neurons sorted to the core of aggregates, surrounded by outer ENC cells, showing that neurons had higher adhesion than ENC cells. The outer surface of aggregates became relatively non-adhesive, correlating with low levels of NCAM and N-cadherin on this surface of the outer non-neuronal ENC cells. Aggregation assays showed that ENS cells FACS selected for NCAM-high and enriched for enteric neurons formed larger and more coherent aggregates than unsorted ENS cells. In contrast, ENS cells of the NCAM-low FACS fraction formed small, disorganised aggregates.  This suggests a novel mechanism for control of ENS ganglion morphogenesis where i) differential adhesion of ENS neurons and ENC cells controls the core/shell ganglionic structure and ii) the ratio of neurons to ENC cells dictates the equilibrium ganglion size by generation of an outer non-adhesive surface. PMID:26064478

  11. Why are enteric ganglia so small? Role of differential adhesion of enteric neurons and enteric neural crest cells.

    PubMed Central

    Rollo, Benjamin N.; Zhang, Dongcheng; Simkin, Johanna E.; Menheniott, Trevelyan R.; Newgreen, Donald F.

    2015-01-01

    The avian enteric nervous system (ENS) consists of a vast number of unusually small ganglia compared to other peripheral ganglia. Each ENS ganglion at mid-gestation has a core of neurons and a shell of mesenchymal precursor/glia-like enteric neural crest (ENC) cells. To study ENS cell ganglionation we isolated midgut ENS cells by HNK-1 fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) from E5 and E8 quail embryos, and from E9 chick embryos. We performed cell-cell aggregation assays which revealed a developmentally regulated functional increase in ENS cell adhesive function, requiring both Ca 2+ -dependent and independent adhesion. This was consistent with N-cadherin and NCAM labelling. Neurons sorted to the core of aggregates, surrounded by outer ENC cells, showing that neurons had higher adhesion than ENC cells. The outer surface of aggregates became relatively non-adhesive, correlating with low levels of NCAM and N-cadherin on this surface of the outer non-neuronal ENC cells. Aggregation assays showed that ENS cells FACS selected for NCAM-high and enriched for enteric neurons formed larger and more coherent aggregates than unsorted ENS cells. In contrast, ENS cells of the NCAM-low FACS fraction formed small, disorganised aggregates.  This suggests a novel mechanism for control of ENS ganglion morphogenesis where i) differential adhesion of ENS neurons and ENC cells controls the core/shell ganglionic structure and ii) the ratio of neurons to ENC cells dictates the equilibrium ganglion size by generation of an outer non-adhesive surface.

  12. Generalized entering coefficients: A criterion for foam stability against oil in porous media

    SciTech Connect

    Bergeron, V.; Fagan, M.E.; Radke, C.J.

    1993-09-01

    The unique mobility-control properties of foam in porous media make it an attractive choice as an injection fluid for enhanced oil recovery. Unfortunately, in many cases oil has a major destabilizing effect on foam. Therefore, it is important to understand how oil destabilizes foam and what surfactant properties lead to increased stability against oil. To explain the stability of foam in porous media in the presence of oil, we generalize the ideas of spreading and entering behavior using Frumkin-Deryaguin wetting theory. This formulation overcomes the inherent deficiencies in the classical spreading and entering coefficients used to explain foam stability against oil. We find that oil-tolerant foam can be produced by making the oil surface ``water wet``. To test our theoretical ideas, we measure foam-flow resistance through 45--70 {mu}m glass beadpacks, surface and interfacial tensions, and disjoining pressure isotherms for foam and pseudoemulsion films for a variety of surfactant/oil systems. Most notably, we measure pseudoemulsion-film disjoining pressure isotherms for the first time and directly establish that pseudoemulsion film stability controls the stability of the foam in the systems we tested. Moreover, we demonstrate the correspondence between stable pseudoemulsion films, negative entering behavior, and oil-tolerant foams.

  13. Generalized entering coefficients: A criterion for foam stability against oil in porous media

    SciTech Connect

    Bergeron, V.; Fagan, M.E.; Radke, C.J. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States) Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States))

    1993-07-01

    The unique mobility-control properties of foam in porous media make it an attractive choice as an injection fluid for enhanced oil recovery. To explain the stability of foam in porous media in the presence of oil, we generalize the ideas of spreading and entering behavior using Frumkin-Deryaguin wetting theory. This formulation overcomes the inherent deficiencies in the classical spreading and entering coefficients used to explain foam stability against oil. We find that oil-tolerant foam can be produced by making the oil surface water wet. To test our theoretical ideas, we measure foam-flow resistance through 45--70 [mu]m glass beadpacks, surface and interfacial tensions, and disjoining pressure isotherms for foam and pseudoemulsion films for a variety of surfactant/oil systems. Most notably, we measure pseudoemulsion film disjoining pressure isotherms for the first time and directly establish that pseudoemulsion film stability controls the stability of the foam in the systems we tested. Moreover, we demonstrate the correspondence between stable pseudoemulsion films, negative entering behavior, and oil-tolerant foams. 48 refs., 14 figs., 4 tabs.

  14. AZW-LA-II White Paint on Swift: Lessons Learned from First Time Flying on Spacecraft Radiators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Choi, Michael K.

    2004-01-01

    AZ-Tek's AZW-LA-II low solar absorptance white paint was previously flown as a flight experiment, and is being flown as a calorimeter. However it has never been flown as a thermal coating of radiators on an operational spacecraft before. This paint has the lowest solar absorptance among all white paints, and a very small degradation. Its cost is many times more expensive than white paints that have a higher solar absorptance. To meet the thermal requirements of the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) Detector Array and X-Ray Telescope (XRT) focal plane camera assembly (FPCA) charged coupled device (CCD), AZW-LA-II is used as the thermal coating for the BAT and XRT radiators. This paper presents the lessons learned from flying this low solar absorptance white paint as a thermal coating of radiators on an operational spacecraft for the first time.

  15. Characterization of First-Time Hospitalizations in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in the REVEAL Registry

    PubMed Central

    Long, Pamela K.; Shah, Monarch R.; McGoon, Michael D.; Miller, Dave P.; Romero, Alain J.; Benton, Wade W.; Safford, Robert E.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Hospitalization is an important outcome in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), shown previously to correlate with survival. Using the Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-term PAH Disease Management (REVEAL Registry), we sought to characterize first-time hospitalizations and their effect on subsequent hospitalization and survival in patients with newly diagnosed disease. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PAH (n = 862, World Health Organization group 1) were evaluated for first-time hospitalization. The hospitalizations were categorized as PAH related or PAH unrelated based on the case report form. Categories for PAH-related and PAH-unrelated hospitalization were defined before independent review. Patient demographics and disease characteristics are described as well as freedom from hospitalization and survival. RESULTS: Of 862 patients, 490 (56.8%) had one or more hospitalizations postenrollment: 257 (52.4%) PAH related, 214 (43.7%) PAH unrelated, and 19 (3.9%) of undetermined causes. The most common causes of PAH-related hospitalization were congestive heart failure and placement/removal of a central venous catheter. Patients with PAH-related hospitalizations were more likely to receive parenteral therapy, be in functional class III/IV, and have higher risk scores before hospitalization at enrollment. Following discharge, 25.4% ± 3.2% and 31.0% ± 4.0% of patients with PAH-related and PAH-unrelated first hospitalization, respectively, remained hospitalization-free for 3 years (P = .11). Survival estimates at 3 years postdischarge were 56.8% ± 3.5% and 67.8% ± 3.6% (P = .037) for patients with PAH-related and PAH-unrelated hospitalization, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In the REVEAL Registry, PAH-related hospitalization was associated with relatively more rehospitalizations and worse survival at 3 years. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00370214; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov PMID:24901386

  16. Nighttime Breastfeeding Behavior Is Associated with More Nocturnal Sleep among First-Time Mothers at One Month Postpartum

    PubMed Central

    Doan, Therese; Gay, Caryl L.; Kennedy, Holly P.; Newman, Jack; Lee, Kathryn A.

    2014-01-01

    Study Objective: To describe sleep duration and quality in the first month postpartum and compare the sleep of women who exclusively breastfed at night to those who used formula. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal study in a predominantly low-income and ethnically diverse sample of 120 first-time mothers. Both objective and subjective measures of sleep were obtained using actigraphy, diary, and self-report data. Measures were collected in the last month of pregnancy and at one month postpartum. Infant feeding diaries were used to group mothers by nighttime breastfeeding behavior. Results: Mothers who used at least some formula at night (n = 54) and those who breastfed exclusively (n = 66) had similar sleep patterns in late pregnancy. However, there was a significant group difference in nocturnal sleep at one month postpartum as measured by actigraphy. Total nighttime sleep was 386 ± 66 minutes for the exclusive breastfeeding group and 356 ± 67 minutes for the formula group. The groups did not differ with respect to daytime sleep, wake after sleep onset (sleep fragmentation), or subjective sleep disturbance at one month postpartum. Conclusion: Women who breastfed exclusively averaged 30 minutes more nocturnal sleep than women who used formula at night, but measures of sleep fragmentation did not differ. New mothers should be encouraged to breastfeed exclusively since breastfeeding may promote sleep during postpartum recovery. Further research is needed to better understand how infant feeding method affects maternal sleep duration and fragmentation. Citation: Doan T; Gay CL; Kennedy HP; Newman J; Lee KA. Nighttime breastfeeding behavior is associated with more nocturnal sleep among first-time mothers at one month postpartum. J Clin Sleep Med 2014;10(3):313-319. PMID:24634630

  17. Generation of live piglets from cryopreserved oocytes for the first time using a defined system for in vitro embryo production.

    PubMed

    Somfai, Tamás; Yoshioka, Koji; Tanihara, Fuminori; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Noguchi, Junko; Kashiwazaki, Naomi; Nagai, Takashi; Kikuchi, Kazuhiro

    2014-01-01

    We report the successful piglet production from cryopreserved oocytes for the first time by using a simple, high capacity vitrification protocol for preservation and a defined system for in vitro embryo production. Immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from prepubertal gilts were vitrified in microdrops and stored in liquid nitrogen. After warming, COCs were subjected to in vitro maturation (IVM), fertilization (IVF), and subsequent culture (IVC). Adjusting warmplate temperature to 42 °C during warming prevented temperature drops in a medium below 34.0 °C and significantly increased the percentage of oocyte survival and thus blastocyst yields obtained from total vitrified oocytes compared with that of warming at 38 °C (87.1% vs 66.9% and 4.4% vs 2.7%, respectively). Nuclear maturation and fertilization of oocytes were not affected by vitrification and warming temperature. Blastocyst development on day 7 (day 0 = IVF) of the surviving oocytes after warming at 38 °C and 42 °C was not different but lower (P<0.05) than those of non-vitrified control oocytes (4.6%, 5.2% and 17.9%, respectively). However, blastocyst cell numbers in the control and vitrified groups were similar irrespective of warming temperature. Omitting porcine follicular fluid (pFF) from IVM medium (POM) did not affect maturation, fertilization and embryo development of vitrified-warmed oocytes. Transfer of blastocysts obtained on day 5 from vitrified oocytes matured either with or without pFF into 4 recipients (2 for each group) resulted in 4 pregnancies and the delivery of a total of 18 piglets. In conclusion, optimization of warming temperature was a key factor for achieving high survival rates, and surviving oocytes could be utilized in vitro using defined media. Using these modifications, live piglets could be obtained from cryopreserved oocytes for the first time. PMID:24844283

  18. Generation of Live Piglets from Cryopreserved Oocytes for the First Time Using a Defined System for In Vitro Embryo Production

    PubMed Central

    Somfai, Tamás; Yoshioka, Koji; Tanihara, Fuminori; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Noguchi, Junko; Kashiwazaki, Naomi; Nagai, Takashi; Kikuchi, Kazuhiro

    2014-01-01

    We report the successful piglet production from cryopreserved oocytes for the first time by using a simple, high capacity vitrification protocol for preservation and a defined system for in vitro embryo production. Immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from prepubertal gilts were vitrified in microdrops and stored in liquid nitrogen. After warming, COCs were subjected to in vitro maturation (IVM), fertilization (IVF), and subsequent culture (IVC). Adjusting warmplate temperature to 42°C during warming prevented temperature drops in a medium below 34.0°C and significantly increased the percentage of oocyte survival and thus blastocyst yields obtained from total vitrified oocytes compared with that of warming at 38°C (87.1% vs 66.9% and 4.4% vs 2.7%, respectively). Nuclear maturation and fertilization of oocytes were not affected by vitrification and warming temperature. Blastocyst development on day 7 (day 0?=?IVF) of the surviving oocytes after warming at 38°C and 42°C was not different but lower (P<0.05) than those of non-vitrified control oocytes (4.6%, 5.2% and 17.9%, respectively). However, blastocyst cell numbers in the control and vitrified groups were similar irrespective of warming temperature. Omitting porcine follicular fluid (pFF) from IVM medium (POM) did not affect maturation, fertilization and embryo development of vitrified-warmed oocytes. Transfer of blastocysts obtained on day 5 from vitrified oocytes matured either with or without pFF into 4 recipients (2 for each group) resulted in 4 pregnancies and the delivery of a total of 18 piglets. In conclusion, optimization of warming temperature was a key factor for achieving high survival rates, and surviving oocytes could be utilized in vitro using defined media. Using these modifications, live piglets could be obtained from cryopreserved oocytes for the first time. PMID:24844283

  19. Does Donating Blood for the First Time During a National Emergency Create a Better Commitment to Donating Again?

    PubMed Central

    Tran, Sheri; Lewalski, Eva A.; Dwyre, Denis M.; Hagar, Yolanda; Beckett, Laurel; Janatpour, Kim A.; Holland, Paul V.

    2009-01-01

    Background and Objectives Emergency situations often elicit a generous response from the public. This occurred after attacks on the US on September 11, 2001 when many new blood donors lined up to donate. This study was performed to compare return rates for first time donors (FTD) after September 11th, 2001 to FTD during a comparable period in 2000. Materials and Methods 3315 allogeneic whole blood donations from FTD at a regional blood center were collected between September 11th and 30th, 2001. Subsequent donations by the FTD before March 31, 2002 were reviewed. This (test) group was compared to 1279 FTD(control group) donating during the same time period in September 2000 and to their return rate in the subsequent six months. Results Following September 11, 2001, 1087/3315 (32.8%) FTD returned by March 31, 2002. This return rate was similar to the control group (427/1279 (33.4%)). The deferral rate during the donor screening process for the control group was significantly higher than the deferral rate for the September 11–30, 2001 group (p < 0.01). The odds of an individual FTD returning increased with age, and the chance of a female donor returning was 1.13 times higher than a male (p = 0.06). There was a carryover effect after Sept. 11, 2001 too. Conclusion A national emergency, September 11, 2001, inspired people to donate blood for the first time. However, the proportion of return donations amongst them was not increased. Females and males in certain age groups were more likely to become repeat donors due to the residual effect of September 11, 2001. Additional efforts are needed to retain eligible FTD in donor pools. PMID:20002621

  20. Human Resources Student Employment Application

    E-print Network

    Shyy, Wei

    to Wolverine Access (https://wolverineaccess.umich.edu), select Student Business, authenticate, and then select or updating the Student Employment Application pages in Wolverine Access. Ann Arbor students need to complete can use this link to open the Direct Deposit page in Wolverine Access to review, enter, or update your

  1. Original article Pathogenic characteristics of persistent feline enteric

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Pathogenic characteristics of persistent feline enteric coronavirus infection (Received 22 March 2010; accepted 20 July 2010) Abstract ­ Feline coronaviruses (FCoV) comprise two biotypes: feline enteric coronaviruses (FECV) and feline infectious peritonitis viruses (FIPV). FECV is associated

  2. Accuracy of enteral pumps: in vitro performance.

    PubMed

    Dietscher, J E; Foulks, C J; Waits, M

    1994-01-01

    There are few data on the accuracy of pumps used to deliver enteral formulas. Enteral pump manufacturers claim that accuracy is within 10% of the selected flow rate. We evaluated 15 pumps: Flexiflo Companion (n = 5), Travenol 2100 (n = 5), and Kangaroo 324 (n = 5). Three types of formula at room temperature were infused at 10, 100, and 300 mL/h. The formulas used were Jevity, Ensure Plus, and Suplena with added Promod. The Flexiflo Companion and Kangaroo 324 pumps delivered 90% to 110% of the expected volume using the ready-to-feed formulas. The Travenol 2100 pumps averaged less than 90% of the selected flow rates for the three formulas infused. All three pumps delivered less than 90% of the expected volume using a formula with an added powder, but the Travenol 2100 delivered the highest volume of this same formula. There was no significant difference in the delivery of Jevity with the Flexiflo Companion (104% +/- 5% SD) and the Kangaroo 324 pumps (99% +/- 4% SD), but the flow rate was significantly lower with the Travenol 2100 pumps (80% +/- 6% SD). There was no significant difference in the flow rate of Ensure Plus with the Kangaroo 324 (95% +/- 7% SD) and the Travenol 2100 pumps (89% +/- 4% SD). The flow rate of Ensure Plus with the Flexiflo Companion pumps was significantly higher (107% +/- 4% SD).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7933445

  3. Structured communication: effects on teaching efficacy of student teachers and student teacher - cooperating teacher relationships 

    E-print Network

    Edgar, Don Wayne

    2007-09-17

    Teaching efficacy beliefs of agricultural science student teachers, and their relationship with their cooperating teachers during field experiences, are variables that may affect the number of student teachers entering the profession. The purpose...

  4. Student Survey Items (Survey names listed in blue)

    E-print Network

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    by Topical Area: Admissions Berea-Specific Entering Survey, Fall Term First-Year Students and New Transfers community? Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), Entering Fall Term Students 2010 transfer students) Education Opportunity Center Educational Talent Search Upward Bound Upward Bound

  5. Measuring General Culture Among Student Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopkins, W.

    1972-01-01

    Low scores reveal that perhaps the real need is to search for and experiment with completely new approaches in the hope of awakening cultural interests in many of our students for the first time. (Author/MB)

  6. Gulabi Gang (2012) Enter the badlands of Bundelkhand in central India and you have entered a place of

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Gulabi Gang (2012) Enter the badlands of Bundelkhand in central India and you have entered a place. Often they encounter resistance, apathy and corruption, even ridicule. Sometimes whole villages connive

  7. Student Equity Policy: A Status Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guichard, Gus

    Following the introduction of first-time student fees in the California Community Colleges (CCC) in 1984, minority student enrollments decreased markedly. A special statewide symposium was convened by the Board of Governors (BOG) of the CCC, and in 1986 a major policy statement was adopted to improve minority student access and achievement. In…

  8. Enteral Nutrition in Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Buscemi, Salvatore; Damiano, Giuseppe; Palumbo, Vincenzo D.; Spinelli, Gabriele; Ficarella, Silvia; Lo Monte, Giulia; Marrazzo, Antonio; Lo Monte, Attilio I.

    2015-01-01

    Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is considered the gold standard treatment for periampullory carcinomas. This procedure presents 30%–40% of morbidity. Patients who have undergone pancreaticoduodenectomy often present perioperative malnutrition that is worse in the early postoperative days, affects the process of healing, the intestinal barrier function and the number of postoperative complications. Few studies focus on the relation between enteral nutrition (EN) and postoperative complications. Our aim was to perform a review, including only randomized controlled trial meta-analyses or well-designed studies, of evidence regarding the correlation between EN and main complications and outcomes after pancreaticoduodenectomy, as delayed gastric emptying (DGE), postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), postpancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH), length of stay and infectious complications. Several studies, especially randomized controlled trial have shown that EN does not increase the rate of DGE. EN appeared safe and tolerated for patients after PD, even if it did not reveal any advantages in terms of POPF, PPH, length of stay and infectious complications. PMID:25942488

  9. Gastric emptying of enteric-coated tablets

    SciTech Connect

    Park, H.M.; Chernish, S.M.; Rosenek, B.D.; Brunelle, R.L.; Hargrove, B.; Wellman, H.N.

    1984-03-01

    To evaluate the gastric emptying time of pharmaceutical dosage forms in a clinical setting, a relatively simple dual-radionuclide technique was developed. Placebo tablets of six different combinations of shape and size were labeled with indium-111 DTPA and enteric coated. Six volunteers participated in a single-blind and crossover study. Tablets were given in the morning of a fasting stomach with 6 oz of water containing /sup 99m/Tc pertechnetate and continuously observed with a gamma camera. A scintigraph was obtained each minute. The results suggested that the size, shape, or volume of the tablet used in this study had no significant effect in the rate of gastric emptying. The tablets emptied erratically and unpredictably, depending upon their time of arrival in the stomach in relation to the occurrence of interdigestive myoelectric contractions. The method described is a relatively simple and accurate technique to allow one to follow the gastric emptying of tablets.

  10. Campylobacter enteritis at a university: transmission from eating chicken and from cats.

    PubMed

    Deming, M S; Tauxe, R V; Blake, P A; Dixon, S E; Fowler, B S; Jones, T S; Lockamy, E A; Patton, C M; Sikes, R O

    1987-09-01

    Campylobacter jejuni is the most common enteric pathogen isolated from university and college students in the United States. During the fall and winter quarters of the 1983-1984 academic year, the authors conducted a case-control study at the University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, to identify risk factors for C. jejuni enteritis. Students with diarrhea whose cultures yielded C. jejuni were compared with controls matched by age, sex, and residence. A total of 45 case-control pairs were interviewed about exposures during the week before the case's onset of illness. The infections occurred sporadically and were caused by a wide variety of C. jejuni serotypes. Three risk factors were identified: eating fully cooked chicken, eating chicken reported to be raw or undercooked, and contact with a cat or kitten. No case reported drinking raw milk. No significant association was found between illness and the places where chicken meals were prepared or the specific manner in which chicken was cooked. Chicken may be the principal vehicle of transmission for sporadic Campylobacter enteritis among college students. PMID:3618583

  11. Enteric glial cells: new players in Parkinson's disease?

    PubMed

    Clairembault, Thomas; Leclair-Visonneau, Laurène; Neunlist, Michel; Derkinderen, Pascal

    2015-04-01

    Lewy pathology has been described in neurons of the enteric nervous system in nearly all Parkinson's disease (PD) patients at autopsy. The enteric nervous system not only contains a variety of functionally distinct enteric neurons but also harbors a prominent component of glial cells, the so-called enteric glial cells, which, like astrocytes of the central nervous system, contribute to support, protect, and maintain the neural network. A growing body of evidence supports a role for enteric glial cells in the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease and chronic constipation. We have recently shown that enteric glial cell dysfunction occurs in PD. In the present review, we discuss the possible implications of enteric glia in PD-related gut dysfunction as well as in disease initiation and development. PMID:25100667

  12. Determining Minimum Cognitive Scores for the First-Time Academic Achievement Success on the Education Doctoral Comprehensive Examination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavil, Jafus Kenyatta

    2009-01-01

    This purpose of the present study was to estimate minimum admission requirements using cognitive measures that will maximize candidate success on the doctoral comprehensive examination. Moreover, the present study established minimum scores on the Graduate Record Examinations (verbal and quantitative components) that will maximize doctoral student

  13. [ Enter captions text ] THURSDAY, AUGUST 26, 2010.

    E-print Network

    Sze, Lawrence

    . YEAH. I MISSED YOU ALL. WE'RE BACK ON POLYLIVE. IT'S ME MICHAEL AND ERIC. WE ARE GOING TO HAVE'T YOU TELL US WHAT YOU DO. WHAT THAT TITLE MEANS. >> I OVERSEE EVERYTHING FROM BICYCLE RACKS, WALKERS AND RACKS ALL OVER CAMPUS. WE WORK WITH CITY AND REGIONAL TRANSIT SO THE STUDENTS CAN RIDE THE BUS FROM SAN

  14. Temporal trends in the initiation of glucose-lowering medications after a first-time myocardial infarction - a nationwide study between 1997 and 2006

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mette L Norgaard; Charlotte Andersson; Peter Riis Hansen; Søren S Andersen; Allan Vaag; Tina K Schramm; Fredrik Folke; Lars Køber; Christian Torp-Pedersen; Gunnar H Gislason

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is common among patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). The extent to which patients with first-time MI develop diabetes requiring glucose-lowering medications (GLM) is largely unknown. The aim of the study was to investigate temporal trends in the initiation of GLM among patients discharged after first-time MI.

  15. Chemistry Crosswords: Learning Activities to Support Non-Taditional Students in Third Level Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christine OConnor; Claire Mc Donnell; Michael Seery

    2010-01-01

    Diversity of students entering third level science education has been widely discussed and attributed to the government policy on widening of participation in education. This has led to an enhanced number of “non traditional” students entering third level courses in Ireland. The diversity of the current third level student body may be attributed to the raised awareness of students with

  16. Ten years of hip fractures in Italy: For the first time a decreasing trend in elderly women

    PubMed Central

    Piscitelli, Prisco; Feola, Maurizio; Rao, Cecilia; Celi, Monica; Gasbarra, Elena; Neglia, Cosimo; Quarta, Giuseppe; Liuni, Federico Maria; Parri, Simone; Iolascon, Giovanni; Brandi, Maria Luisa; Distante, Alessandro; Tarantino, Umberto

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the hospitalization rate of femoral neck fractures in the elderly Italian population over ten years. METHODS: We analyzed national hospitalizations records collected at central level by the Ministry of Health from 2000 to 2009. Age- and sex-specific rates of fractures occurred at femoral neck in people ? 65 years old. We performed a sub-analysis over a three-year period (2007-2009), presenting data per five-year age groups, in order to evaluate the incidence of the hip fracture in the oldest population. RESULTS: We estimated a total of 839008 hospitalizations due to femoral neck fractures between 2000 and 2009 in people ? 65, with an overall increase of 29.8% over 10 years. The incidence per 10000 inhabitants remarkably increased in people ? 75, passing from 158.5 to 166.8 (+5.2%) and from 72.6 to 77.5 (+6.8%) over the ten-year period in women and men, respectively. The oldest age group (people > 85 years old) accounted for more than 42% of total hospital admissions in 2009 (n = 39000), despite representing only 2.5% of the Italian population. Particularly, women aged > 85 accounted for 30.8% of total fractures, although they represented just 1.8% of the general population. The results of this analysis indicate that the incidence of hip fractures progressively increased from 2000 to 2009, but a reduction can be observed for the first time in women ? 75 (-7.9% between 2004 and 2009). CONCLUSION: Incidence of hip fractures in Italy are continuously increasing, although women aged 65-74 years old started showing a decreasing trend. PMID:25035844

  17. Using evidence-based algorithms to improve clinical decision making: the case of a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation.

    PubMed

    Federer, Andrew E; Taylor, Dean C; Mather, Richard C

    2013-09-01

    Decision making in health care has evolved substantially over the last century. Up until the late 1970s, medical decision making was predominantly intuitive and anecdotal. It was based on trial and error and involved high levels of problem solving. The 1980s gave way to empirical medicine, which was evidence based probabilistic, and involved pattern recognition and less problem solving. Although this represented a major advance in the quality of medical decision making, limitations existed. The advantages of the gold standard of the randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) are well-known and this technique is irreplaceable in its ability to answer critical clinical questions. However, the RCT does have drawbacks. RCTs are expensive and can only capture a snapshot in time. As treatments change and new technologies emerge, new expensive clinical trials must be undertaken to reevaluate them. Furthermore, in order to best evaluate a single intervention, other factors must be controlled. In addition, the study population may not match that of another organization or provider. Although evidence-based medicine has provided powerful data for clinicians, effectively and efficiently tailoring it to the individual has not yet evolved. We are now in a period of transition from this evidence-based era to one dominated by the personalization and customization of care. It will be fueled by policy decisions to shift financial responsibility to the patient, creating a powerful and sophisticated consumer, unlike any patient we have known before. The challenge will be to apply medical evidence and personal preferences to medical decisions and deliver it efficiently in the increasingly busy clinical setting. In this article, we provide a robust review of the concepts of customized care and some of techniques to deliver it. We will illustrate this through a personalized decision model for the treatment decision after a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation. PMID:23924748

  18. Enteric bacterial catalysts for fuel ethanol production

    SciTech Connect

    Ingram, L.O.; Aldrich, H.C.; Borges, A.C.C. [and others] [and others

    1999-10-01

    The technology is available to produce fuel ethanol from renewable lignocellulosic biomass. The current challenge is to assemble the various process options into a commercial venture and begin the task of incremental improvement. Current process designs for lignocellulose are far more complex than grain to ethanol processes. This complexity results in part from the complexity of the substrate and the biological limitations of the catalyst. Their work at the University of Florida has focused primarily on the genetic engineering of Enteric bacteria using genes encoding Zymomonas mobilis pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase. These two genes have been assembled into a portable ethanol production cassette, the PET operon, and integrated into the chromosome of Escherichia coli B for use with hemicellulose-derived syrups. The resulting strain, KO11, produces ethanol efficiently from all hexose and pentose sugars present in the polymers of hemicellulose. By using the same approach, the authors integrated the PET operon into the chromosome of Klebsiella oxytoca to produce strain P2 for use in the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process for cellulose. Strain P2 has the native ability to ferment cellobiose and cellotriose, eliminating the need for one class of cellulase enzymes.

  19. Profile of USC (University of South Carolina) Entering Freshmen, Fall, 1976. Research Notes Number 34-77.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fidler, Paul P.; And Others

    During the 1976 summer and fall orientation programs, a questionnaire was administered to 2,190 students (75 percent) of the entering freshman class. The survey was part of the American Council on Education's Cooperative Institutional Research Program. The survey report presents a comparative analysis of the various demographic data, opinions, and…

  20. Psychotic Illness in First-Time Mothers with No Previous Psychiatric Hospitalizations: A Population-Based Study

    PubMed Central

    Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur; Hultman, Christina M; Harlow, Bernard; Cnattingius, Sven; Sparén, Pär

    2009-01-01

    Background Psychotic illness following childbirth is a relatively rare but severe condition with unexplained etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of maternal background characteristics and obstetric factors on the risk of postpartum psychosis, specifically among mothers with no previous psychiatric hospitalizations. Methods and Findings We investigated incidence rates and potential maternal and obstetric risk factors of psychoses after childbirth in a national cohort of women who were first-time mothers from 1983 through 2000 (n = 745,596). Proportional hazard regression models were used to estimate relative risks of psychoses during and after the first 90 d postpartum, among mothers without any previous psychiatric hospitalization and among all mothers. Within 90 d after delivery, 892 women (1.2 per 1,000 births; 4.84 per 1,000 person-years) were hospitalized due to psychoses and 436 of these (0.6 per 1,000 births; 2.38 per 1,000 person-years) had not previously been hospitalized for any psychiatric disorder. During follow-up after the 90 d postpartum period, the corresponding incidence rates per 1,000 person-years were reduced to 0.65 for all women and 0.49 for women not previously hospitalized. During (but not after) the first 90 d postpartum the risk of psychoses among women without any previous psychiatric hospitalization was independently affected by: maternal age (35 y or older versus 19 y or younger; hazard ratio 2.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 4.7); high birth weight (? 4,500 g; hazard ratio 0.3, 95% CI 0.1 to 1.0); and diabetes (hazard ratio 0). Conclusions The incidence of psychotic illness peaks immediately following a first childbirth, and almost 50% of the cases are women without any previous psychiatric hospitalization. High maternal age increases the risk while diabetes and high birth weight are associated with reduced risk of first-onset psychoses, distinctly during the postpartum period. PMID:19209952

  1. Titan's Far-Infrared 220 cm(exp -1) Cloud Seen for the First Time in the South

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jennings, Donald; Anderson, Carrie; Samuelson, Robert; Nixon, Conor; Flasar, Michael; Teanby, Nick; deKok, Remco; Coustenis, Athena; Vinatier, Sandrine

    2013-01-01

    In 2012 an emission feature at 220 cm(exp -1) in Titan's far-infrared spectrum was seen for the first time in the south. Attributed to a stratosphere ice cloud formed at the winter pole, the 220 (exp -1) emission had previously been seen only at high northern latitudes where it bad been decreasing since the arrival of Cassini in 2004. Our far-infrared observations were performed With the Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) on Caasini. Although it bad been expected that the 220 cm(exp -1) emission would eventnal1y appear in the south, the emission appeared rather suddenly, increasing by a factor of at least four between February (when it was not detected) and July 2012. At the time of our observations, one Titan month after equinox, the 220 cm(exp -1) feature was present in both the north and south and showed a trend of continued slow decrease in the north and steep increase in the south. As has been the case in the north, the emission in the south was confined to high latitudes associated with winter polar shadowing. Our spectroscopic detection of the southern 220 cm(exp -1) ice cloud coincided with the rapid formation in 2012 of a haze hood and vortex at the south pole as seen in Cassini image. The 220 cm(exp -1) feature was first observed by the Infrared Interferometer Spectrometer (IRIS) on Voyager I and has been extensively studied in the north by CIRS. Until now the 220 cm(exp -1) emission, like the polar hood, has been associated solely with the north, owing to the fact that Voyager and Cassini have viewed Titan only during winter-spring. In 2012 we witnessed the start of a seasonal shift of this pattern to the south. The 220 cm(exp -1) emission arises from altitudes of 80-150 km and peaks sharply near 140 km. The material responsible for the spectral feature is not known, but indirect evidence hints at a condensate arising from complex nitriles, which also tend to be present only at high winter latitudes.

  2. Modifiable risk factors remain significant causes of medium term mortality after first time Coronary artery bypass grafting

    PubMed Central

    Kunadian, Babu; Dunning, Joel; Millner, Russell WJ

    2007-01-01

    Background Whilst there is much current data on early outcomes after Coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), there is relatively little data on medium term outcomes in the current era. The purpose of this study is to present a single surgeon series comprising of all first time CABG patients operated on with the technique of cross clamp fibrillation from Feb-1996 to through to Jan-2003, and to seek risk factors for medium term mortality in these patients. Methods Data was collected from Hospital Episode Statistics and departmental patient administration and tracking systems and cross checked using database techniques. Patient outcomes were searched using the National Health Service strategic tracing service. Results Mean follow up was 5.3 years(0–9.4 years) and was complete for all patients. 30-day survival was 98.4%, 1-year survival 95% and 8-year survival 79%. Cox-regression analysis revealed that several modifiable pre-operative risk factors remain significant predictors of medium term mortality, including Diabetes(Hazard Ratio(HR) 1.73, 95%CI 1.21–2.45), Chromic obstructive pulmonary disease(HR 2.02, 95%CI 1.09–3.72), Peripheral vascular disease(HR 1.68, 95%CI 1.13–2.5), Body mass index>30(HR 1.54, 95%CI 1.08–2.20) and current smoker at operation(HR 1.67, 95%CI 1.03–2.72). However hypertension(HR 1.31, 95%CI 0.95–1.82) and Hypercholestrolaemia(HR 0.81, 95%CI 0.58–1.13) were not predictive which may reflect adequate post-operative control. Conclusion Coronary artery bypass surgery using cross clamp fibrillation is associated with a very low operative mortality. Medium term survival is also good but risk factors such as smoking at operation, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity and diabetes negatively impact this survival and should be aggressively treated in the years post-surgery. PMID:18053186

  3. College of William and Mary FRESHMAN-COHORT GRADUATION RATES All Students Student-Athletes #

    E-print Network

    Swaddle, John

    College of William and Mary FRESHMAN-COHORT GRADUATION RATES All Students Student-Athletes # 2002-03 Graduation Rate 91% 87% Four-Class Average 91% 86% Student-Athlete Graduation Success Rate 95% 1. Graduation-Rates. Graduation Rates of Those Exhausting Eligibility (Student-Athletes # entering during 1993-94 through 2002

  4. Generic enteral formulas: a new idea for the 1990s.

    PubMed

    Bell, S J; Stack, J A; Forse, R A; DelFierro, C; Wade, E; Burke, P

    1995-12-01

    Generic equivalent enteral formulas are now commercially available. The purpose of this article is threefold: (1) to define generic equivalents and compare both their nutritional and monetary differences with brand name products, (2) to provide the clinician with factors to consider when evaluating generic formulas--the source and distribution of macronutrients and micronutrients, and patient tolerance, nutritional status and outcome--and (3) to provide information on how to incorporate generic enteral formulas onto an institution's enteral formulary. In today's environment of diminishing health care budgets, generic enteral formulas can play a role in cost containment without sacrificing quality nutritional care. PMID:8700055

  5. Enteral feeding pumps: efficacy, safety, and patient acceptability

    PubMed Central

    White, Helen; King, Linsey

    2014-01-01

    Enteral feeding is a long established practice across pediatric and adult populations, to enhance nutritional intake and prevent malnutrition. Despite recognition of the importance of nutrition within the modern health agenda, evaluation of the efficacy of how such feeds are delivered is more limited. The accuracy, safety, and consistency with which enteral feed pump systems dispense nutritional formulae are important determinants of their use and acceptability. Enteral feed pump safety has received increased interest in recent years as enteral pumps are used across hospital and home settings. Four areas of enteral feed pump safety have emerged: the consistent and accurate delivery of formula; the minimization of errors associated with tube misconnection; the impact of continuous feed delivery itself (via an enteral feed pump); and the chemical composition of the casing used in enteral feed pump manufacture. The daily use of pumps in delivery of enteral feeds in a home setting predominantly falls to the hands of parents and caregivers. Their understanding of the use and function of their pump is necessary to ensure appropriate, safe, and accurate delivery of enteral nutrition; their experience with this is important in informing clinicians and manufacturers of the emerging needs and requirements of this diverse patient population. The review highlights current practice and areas of concern and establishes our current knowledge in this field. PMID:25170284

  6. Understanding the Impact of Academic Support Programs on First-Time Bar Passage for Students at the University of Idaho College of Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albertson, Helen

    2013-01-01

    As racial and ethnic population changes occur in the United States these same changes should be reflected in the legal community of lawyers and judges. Although Black and Hispanic populations have been increasing over the past 30 years in the United States, this same proportionate increase has not occurred in the American Bar Association (ABA)…

  7. A Qualitative Case Study on the Retention and Persistence of Second Generation First Time Degree-Seeking Latino Students in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esquibel, Denise H.

    2013-01-01

    As the Latino population progresses from minority to majority status in the United States, there still remains the typical and historical pattern of failure in higher education associated with this minority status. According to the 2010 Census, approximately 16% of the total U.S. population or 50.5 million people have self-identified themselves as…

  8. Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 13 Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class

    E-print Network

    Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 13 Management Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 437 Number of students enrolled 11 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 38 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 2 Median years to Ph.D. 5.3 Percent

  9. Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 20 Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class

    E-print Network

    Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 20 Physics Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 352 Number of students enrolled 19 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 106 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 16 Median years to Ph.D. 6.3 Percent

  10. Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 24 Ph.D. Admissions Data -Fall 2012 Entering Class

    E-print Network

    Ph.D.s awarded (1997-98 thru 2006-07) 24 Chemistry Ph.D. Admissions Data - Fall 2012 Entering Class Number of applicants 306 Number of students enrolled 32 Ph.D. Degree Information Number of registered students, Fall 2012 143 Number of degrees awarded 2011-2012 22 Median years to Ph.D. 5.3 Percent

  11. Genetics of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis in enteric bacteria.

    PubMed Central

    Schnaitman, C A; Klena, J D

    1993-01-01

    From a historical perspective, the study of both the biochemistry and the genetics of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis began with the enteric bacteria. These organisms have again come to the forefront as the blocks of genes involved in LPS synthesis have been sequenced and analyzed. A number of new and unanticipated genes were found in these clusters, indicating a complexity of the biochemical pathways which was not predicted from the older studies. One of the most dramatic areas of LPS research has been the elucidation of the lipid A biosynthetic pathway. Four of the genes in this pathway have now been identified and sequenced, and three of them are located in a complex operon which also contains genes involved in DNA and phospholipid synthesis. The rfa gene cluster, which contains many of the genes for LPS core synthesis, includes at least 17 genes. One of the remarkable findings in this cluster is a group of several genes which appear to be involved in the synthesis of alternate rough core species which are modified so that they cannot be acceptors for O-specific polysaccharides. The rfb gene clusters which encode O-antigen synthesis have been sequenced from a number of serotypes and exhibit the genetic polymorphism anticipated on the basis of the chemical complexity of the O antigens. These clusters appear to have originated by the exchange of blocks of genes among ancestral organisms. Among the large number of LPS genes which have now been sequenced from these rfa and rfb clusters, there are none which encode proteins that appear to be secreted across the cytoplasmic membrane and surprisingly few which encode integral membrane proteins or proteins with extensive hydrophobic domains. These data, together with sequence comparison and complementation experiments across strain and species lines, suggest that the LPS biosynthetic enzymes may be organized into clusters on the inner surface of the cytoplasmic membrane which are organized around a few key membrane proteins. PMID:7504166

  12. Assessing Students' Moral Reasoning of a Values-Based Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    You, Di; Penny, Neil H.

    2011-01-01

    Students' moral reasoning was assessed at a religiously affiliated liberal arts university. Cohort data were collected from undergraduate students who had entered the university as freshmen: 364 students in 2007 and 264 students in 2009. The results indicated that there was a significant increase in students' post-conventional moral reasoning…

  13. Mechanosensitive Enteric Neurons in the Myenteric Plexus of the Mouse Intestine

    PubMed Central

    Mazzuoli, Gemma; Schemann, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Background Within the gut the autonomous enteric nervous system (ENS) is able to sense mechanical stimuli and to trigger gut reflex behaviour. We previously proposed a novel sensory circuit in the ENS which consists of multifunctional rapidly adapting mechanosensitive enteric neurons (RAMEN) in the guinea pig. The aim of this study was to validate this concept by studying its applicability to other species or gut regions. Methodology/Principal Findings We deformed myenteric ganglia in the mouse small and large intestine and recorded spike discharge using voltage sensitive dye imaging. We also analysed expression of markers hitherto proposed to label mouse sensory myenteric neurons in the ileum (NF145kD) or colon (calretinin). RAMEN constituted 22% and 15% of myenteric neurons per ganglion in the ileum and colon, respectively. They encoded dynamic rather than sustained deformation. In the colon, 7% of mechanosensitive neurons fired throughout the sustained deformation, a behaviour typical for slowly adapting echanosensitive neurons (SAMEN). RAMEN and SAMEN responded directly to mechanical deformation as their response remained unchanged after synaptic blockade in low Ca++/high Mg++. Activity levels of RAMEN increased with the degree of ganglion deformation. Recruitment of more RAMEN with stronger stimuli may suggest low and high threshold RAMEN. The majority of RAMEN were cholinergic but most lacked expression of NF145kD or calretinin. Conclusions/Significance We showed for the first time that fundamental properties of mechanosensitive enteric neurons, such as firing pattern, encoding of dynamic deformation, cholinergic phenotype and their proportion, are conserved across species and regions. We conclude that RAMEN are important for mechanotransduction in the ENS. They directly encode dynamic changes in force as their firing frequency is proportional to the degree of deformation of the ganglion they reside in. The additional existence of SAMEN in the colon is likely an adaptation to colonic motor patterns which consist of phasic and tonic contractions. PMID:22768317

  14. Alternative method for enteric coating of HPMC capsules resulting in ready-to-use enteric-coated capsules

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathalie Huyghebaert; An Vermeire; Jean Paul Remon

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop an alternative method for enteric coating of HPMC capsules that avoids the sealing step before coating, resulting in ready-to-use enteric-coated capsules for the use in retail or hospital pharmacy or R&D sections of pharmaceutical industry and for the production of enteric-coated heat and moisture sensitive biomaterials. HPMC caps and bodies 00 (Vcaps,

  15. Rice University | Faculty | Researchers Undergraduates Grad Students Faculty & Researchers Staff Alumni

    E-print Network

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Rice University | Faculty | Researchers Undergraduates Grad Students Faculty & Researchers Staff At a Glance About Rice Rice Facts 2009 Students and Postdoctoral Appointees Entering Class Enrollment Resources Administration Historical Facts Archives About OIR Rice News Feed Font Size Rice Facts Students

  16. Evidence of safety for individualized dosing of enteral sedation.

    PubMed

    Gordon, Sharon M; Shimizu, N; Shlash, D; Dionne, R A

    2007-01-01

    Fear of dentistry is a pervasive and persistent phenomenon that contributes to avoidance of dental care and results in a substantial public health problem. While the use of incremental enteral sedation has increased, there is a paucity of published evidence to evaluate its safety. This study sought to assess the safety of individualized dosing of enteral sedation for adults in the dental outpatient setting. The authors sent a mail survey to members of the Dental Organization for Conscious Sedation (DOCS) concerning their practice and practitioner characteristics. Anonymous treatment forms with monitoring records were collected from respondents and analyzed for pre-specified adverse event criteria. The majority of respondents reported practicing incremental enteral sedation for two to five years, accounting for less than 10% of their practice. Incremental enteral sedation, either alone or in combination with nitrous oxide and oxygen, was used most frequently. Monitoring with both pulse oximetry and automated blood pressure (BP) were prevalent. Triazolam was the drug used most commonly for enteral sedation. Of the 7740 cases submitted, 1686 (21.8%) met event criteria; the most frequent event was a decrease of more than 25% in diastolic BP from pre-drug baseline. Neither provider training nor the percentage of practices engaged in incremental enteral sedation were associated with any event; however, practicing incremental enteral sedation for less than 12 months was a significant predictor of any event (p = 0.001). Risk of having an event was not related to practice factors (that is, the time spent practicing incremental enteral sedation, the percentage of the practice devoted to practicing incremental enteral sedation, the number of cases performed, or the type of monitoring) or training factors. This survey represents the largest number of subjects reported in the literature concerning enteral sedation. These observations provide evidence for the safety of enteral sedation when these drugs and combinations are administered by properly-trained dentists who monitor patients with pulse oximetry, BP measurement, and direct observation. PMID:17899717

  17. Student teachers' perceptions of important characteristics of cooperating teachers 

    E-print Network

    Kasperbauer, Holly Jo

    2006-10-30

    A challenge faced by agricultural educators across the country is a lack of qualified teachers entering the profession. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between student teacher perceptions of the student teacher...

  18. Introduce XBRL to Business Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corkern, Sheree M.; Morgan, Mark I.

    2012-01-01

    This paper informs business instructors and educators about XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) so that they can introduce it to their students and expand their students' understanding of how it relates to the accounting profession. Even though the financial community has entered a new age with this standardized reporting language, many…

  19. A comparison of two nursing program exit exams that predict first-time NCLEX-RN outcome.

    PubMed

    Brodersen, Lisa D; Mills, Andrew C

    2014-08-01

    This retrospective descriptive correlational study compared the predictive accuracy of the Health Education Systems, Inc, Exit Exam (Elsevier) and Assessment Technologies Institute's RN Comprehensive Predictor, both of which were administered to nursing students in an upper-division baccalaureate nursing program during their final semester of study. Using logistic regression analyses, it was determined that the two examinations were statistically significant but weak predictors of success on the RN licensure examination. The RN Comprehensive Predictor had a slightly better odds ratio; however, both examinations had similar sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy. Because the RN Comprehensive Predictor was included in the Assessment Technologies Institute's Comprehensive Assessment and Review Program already being used by the BSN program, based on the results of this study, the nursing faculty decided to use only the RN Comprehensive Predictor during its NCLEX-RN preparation course. PMID:24949714

  20. Astronomy and Space Camp Competition: Who Enters? Who Nominates? Who Wins?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wise, G.; Gino, M. C.

    2003-12-01

    The Dudley Observatory sponsors an annual competition that enables local high school students to win all-expense-paid trips to national astronomy or space camps. The entrants are nominated by their science or mathematics teachers. This paper addresses three questions: Who enters the competition? Who nominates the entrants? Who wins? In the first decade of the competition, more males than females entered the competition, with no significant change over time in the proportion. About the same number of male and female teachers nominated entrants, with no significant correlation between the gender of the nominating teachers and the gender of either the entrants or the winners. More females than males have won the competition, with no significant change over time.

  1. HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours among MSM repeat and first-time testers in China: implications for HIV prevention

    PubMed Central

    Bai, Xue; Xu, Jie; Yang, Jie; Yang, Bo; Yu, Maohe; Gao, Yongjun; Dong, Willa M; Wu, Zunyou

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Little is known about HIV testing, HIV infection and sexual behaviour among bathhouse patrons in China. This study aims to assess differences in HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending bathhouse in Tianjin, China. Methods Between March 2011 and September 2012, a HIV voluntary counselling and testing station was established in a gay bathhouse, which provided HIV testing and conducted a survey among participants recruited through snowball sampling. Differences in demographic and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers were assessed using the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors for HIV infection. Results Of the 1642 respondents, 699 (42.6%) were repeat testers and 943 (57.4%) were first-time testers. Among repeat testers, a higher proportion were men aged 18 to 25, single, better educated, had a history of STIs and worked as male sex workers or “money boys” (MBs). Repeat testers were less likely to report having unprotected anal intercourse in the past six months. The overall HIV prevalence was 12.4% (203/1642). There was no difference in HIV prevalence between repeat (11.2%, 78/699) and first-time (13.3%, 125/943) testers. The HIV prevalence increased with age among first-time testers (?trend2=9.816, p=0.002). First-time MB testers had the highest HIV prevalence of 34.5%. Conclusions MSM attending bathhouse had an alarmingly high HIV infection rate, particularly in MB. Targeted interventions are urgently needed especially focusing on older MSM and MBs. PMID:24993457

  2. Imaging neuron-glia interactions in the enteric nervous system

    PubMed Central

    Boesmans, Werend; Martens, Michiel A.; Weltens, Nathalie; Hao, Marlene M.; Tack, Jan; Cirillo, Carla; Vanden Berghe, Pieter

    2013-01-01

    The enteric nervous system (ENS) is a network of neurons and glia within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract that is able to control many aspects of digestive function independently from the central nervous system. Enteric glial cells share several features with astrocytes and are closely associated with enteric neurons and their processes both within enteric ganglia, and along interconnecting fiber bundles. Similar to other parts of the nervous system, there is communication between enteric neurons and glia; enteric glial cells can detect neuronal activity and have the machinery to intermediate neurotransmission. However, due to the close contact between these two cell types and the particular characteristics of the gut wall, the recording of enteric glial cell activity in live imaging experiments, especially in the context of their interaction with neurons, is not straightforward. Most studies have used calcium imaging approaches to examine enteric glial cell activity but in many cases, it is difficult to distinguish whether observed transients arise from glial cells, or neuronal processes or varicosities in their vicinity. In this technical report, we describe a number of approaches to unravel the complex neuron-glia crosstalk in the ENS, focusing on the challenges and possibilities of live microscopic imaging in both animal models and human tissue samples. PMID:24155689

  3. REVIEW Open Access Lupus enteritis: from clinical findings to

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    REVIEW Open Access Lupus enteritis: from clinical findings to therapeutic management Peter Janssens-Charles Piette1 and Zahir Amoura1,3,6 Abstract Lupus enteritis is a rare and poorly understood cause of abdominal pain in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we report a series of 7 new

  4. Persistence of Developmental Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Fred A.; Blocker, Clyde E.

    Students entering Harrisburg Area Community College (H.A.C.C.), Pennsylvania, who are identified as being inadequately prepared for regular coursework are assigned to appropriate developmental courses, to prepare them for subsequent entry into the regular career or transfer curricula. A recent analysis of the program outlines such factors as…

  5. Student Attitude Inventory - 1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillmore, Gerald M.; Aleamoni, Lawrence M.

    This 42-item Student Attitude Inventory (SAI) was administered to entering college freshmen at the University of Illinois (see TM 001 015). The SAI items are divided into nine categories on the basis of content as follows: voting behavior, drug usage, financial, Viet Nam war, education, religious behavior, pollution, housing, and alienation. A…

  6. Student Assistance Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faulkner, Robin; And Others

    The Student Assistance Program (SAP) is a chemical use prevention and early intervention program. Entering the fifth year of implementation, the SAP has expanded from a part-time service contracted with Mental Health to a school-based program serving two high schools and three middle schools. The program is broad based, employing a variety of…

  7. Abused women with children who are first-time users of a shelter or applicants for a protection order: entry data of a 7-year prospective analysis.

    PubMed

    McFarlane, Judith; Maddoux, John; Nava, Angeles; Gilroy, Heidi

    2015-02-01

    Worldwide, two models of care are offered most often to abused women-safe shelter and justice services. No evidence exists on the differential effectiveness of the services. To provide evidence, 300 abused women, 150 first-time users of a shelter and 150 first-time applicants for a protection order, signed informed consent to participate in a 7-year study. Safety, abuse, and functioning of the women and their children were measured. Compared with women seeking justice services, women in shelters reported more abuse and depression and less support. The baseline characteristics of these 300 women are presented with implications for practice and policy. PMID:25540248

  8. A Comparison of Postoperative Early Enteral Nutrition with Delayed Enteral Nutrition in Patients with Esophageal Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Gongchao; Chen, Hongbo; Liu, Jun; Ma, Yongchen; Jia, Haiyong

    2015-01-01

    We examined esophageal cancer patients who received enteral nutrition (EN) to evaluate the validity of early EN compared to delayed EN, and to determine the appropriate time to start EN. A total of 208 esophagectomy patients who received EN postoperatively were divided into three groups (Group 1, 2 and 3) based on whether they received EN within 48 h, 48 h–72 h or more than 72 h, respectively. The postoperative complications, length of hospital stay (LOH), days for first fecal passage, cost of hospitalization, and the difference in serum albumin values between pre-operation and post-operation were all recorded. The statistical analyses were performed using the t-test, the Mann-Whitney U test and the chi square test. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05. Group 1 had the lowest thoracic drainage volume, the earliest first fecal passage, and the lowest LOH and hospitalization expenses of the three groups. The incidence of pneumonia was by far the highest in Group 3 (p = 0.019). Finally, all the postoperative outcomes of nutritional conditions were the worst by a significant margin in Group 3. It is therefore safe and valid to start early enteral nutrition within 48 h for postoperative esophageal cancer patients. PMID:26043031

  9. Ethical Responsibilities: Preparing Students for the Real Art Therapy World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gussak, David E.; Orr, Penelope

    2005-01-01

    This report addresses several educators' attempts to prepare their students for entering the "real" art therapy world. Two important components necessary to prepare students for entering the professional arenas are introduced: the need to translate theory into practice and the ability to communicate and negotiate with other helping professionals.…

  10. Rhetorical Analysis as Introductory Speech: Jumpstarting Student Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malone, Marc P.

    2012-01-01

    When students enter the basic public speaking classroom,When students enter the basic public speaking classroom, they are asked to develop an introductory speech. This assignment typically focuses on a speech of self-introduction for which there are several pedagogical underpinnings: it provides an immediate and relatively stress-free speaking…

  11. An Exploratory Study of First-Semester Student Attrition in a Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Ophelia Turner

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine if student background variables (age, gender, race, academic preparation); student status (part/full-time student), and student circumstances (commuting distance, independent/dependent financial student status) could predict fall-to-spring attrition (2006-2007) in a sample of 542 first-time,…

  12. Enter Search Term Enter Drill Deeper or ED Online ID Home Subscribe Back Issues Design FAQs Ideas for Design Power Analog

    E-print Network

    Rogers, John A.

    Enter Search Term Enter Drill Deeper or ED Online ID Home Subscribe Back Issues Design FAQs Ideas Subscribe to Electronic Design UPDATE (Archive) Email: Enter Email Click to view this week's welcome screen

  13. Racial stereotypes of one hundred college students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Katz; K. Braly

    1933-01-01

    The degree of agreement among the students in assigning characteristics from a list of 84 adjectives to different races seemed too great to be the result solely of the students' contacts with members of those races. Individual experience may have entered into a student's judgment, but it probably did so to confirm the original stereotype which he had learned. Because

  14. Online Options for Math-Advanced Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wessling, Suki

    2012-01-01

    Once upon a time, a student well advanced past grade level in math would have had few choices. Advanced students would invariably outpace the skills of their elementary teachers, and due to age wouldn't have options such as going to the middle school or community college for classes. Soon thereafter, students would enter middle school only to find…

  15. Why Underprepared Students Drop out College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattison, Helen

    2012-01-01

    Many students are entering college underprepared and do not earn a degree because of the many barriers they encounter. The purpose of this study was to identify reasons underprepared students did not complete college and to examine strategies, resources, and programs that underprepared students could have used to persist in college. The…

  16. Low-income first time mothers: Effects on advanced practice nurse (APN) follow up telephone calls on maternal and infant health and health care charges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean L Hannan

    2010-01-01

    The United States has over 4 million births annually. Currently healthy women with non-complicated deliveries receive little to no routine postpartum support when discharged from the hospital. This is especially problematic if mothers are first time mothers, poor, have language barriers and little to no social support after giving birth. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare

  17. Profile of Full-Time First-Time Freshmen in New Jersey Colleges and Universities, Fall 1975 to Fall 1979. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ochsner, Nancy

    Enrollment of full-time first-time freshmen in New Jersey colleges and universities has remained stable since 1975. Enrollment decrease was greatest at Rutgers University. Eighteen colleges were regional in their drawing power, enrolling less than 50 percent from the home county and contiguous counties but at least 85 percent from within the…

  18. NOTE : First usage of RSA token / New PIN code mode This procedure describes how to use your token for the first time. The goal of such a

    E-print Network

    Gesbert, David

    NOTE : First usage of RSA token / New PIN code mode This procedure describes how to use your token for the first time. The goal of such a process is to obtain your personal PIN code. To obtain your RSA SecurID PIN code: just log you using as PASSCODE the 6 digits shown on your RSA token (Be careful that nobody

  19. Immediate enteral feeding in burn patients is safe and effective.

    PubMed Central

    McDonald, W S; Sharp, C W; Deitch, E A

    1991-01-01

    Recent animal studies indicate that immediate enteral feeding may be beneficial in patients with major burns. Yet, largely because of the fear of complications, immediate enteral feeding is not commonly performed in patients with major burns until after the resuscitation period. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of immediate enteral tube feedings in patients with burns larger than 20% of their body surface area. The daily intake of enteral feedings begun immediately (less than 6 hours) after burn was measured during the first 7 days after burn in 106 consecutive patients with a mean +/- SD burn size of 40% +/- 21%. The incidence of complications related to enteral feeding was low; aspiration pneumonia did not occur. Vomiting was the major complication observed and occurred 21 times in 16 patients during the 745 study days (2.8% daily incidence). The mean number of calories absorbed enterally increased daily and met the patient's calculated resting energy expenditure (REE) on day 3 after burn (99% +/- 7% REE). The results of this study indicate that immediate enteral feeding is a safe and effective method of delivering nutritional support to burn victims with major burns. PMID:1899551

  20. Enteral Contrast in the Computed Tomography Diagnosis of Appendicitis

    PubMed Central

    Drake, Frederick Thurston; Alfonso, Rafael; Bhargava, Puneet; Cuevas, Carlos; Dighe, Manjiri K.; Florence, Michael G.; Johnson, Morris G.; Jurkovich, Gregory J.; Steele, Scott R.; Symons, Rebecca Gaston; Thirlby, Richard C.; Flum, David R.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Our goal was to perform a comparative effectiveness study of intravenous (IV)-only versus IV + enteral contrast in computed tomographic (CT) scans performed for patients undergoing appendectomy across a diverse group of hospitals. Background Small randomized trials from tertiary centers suggest that enteral contrast does not improve diagnostic performance of CT for suspected appendicitis, but generalizability has not been demonstrated. Eliminating enteral contrast may improve efficiency, patient comfort, and safety. Methods We analyzed data for adult patients who underwent nonelective appendectomy at 56 hospitals over a 2-year period. Data were obtained directly from patient charts by trained abstractors. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to adjust for potential confounding. The main outcome measure was concordance between final radiology interpretation and final pathology report. Results A total of 9047 adults underwent appendectomy and 8089 (89.4%) underwent CT, 54.1% of these with IV contrast only and 28.5% with IV + enteral contrast. Pathology findings correlated with radiographic findings in 90.0% of patients who received IV + enteral contrast and 90.4% of patients scanned with IV contrast alone. Hospitals were categorized as rural or urban and by their teaching status. Regardless of hospital type, there was no difference in concordance between IV-only and IV + enteral contrast. After adjusting for age, sex, comorbid conditions, weight, hospital type, and perforation, odds ratio of concordance for IV + enteral contrast versus IV contrast alone was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.72–1.25). Conclusions Enteral contrast does not improve CT evaluation of appendicitis in patients undergoing appendectomy. These broadly generalizable results from a diverse group of hospitals suggest that enteral contrast can be eliminated in CT scans for suspected appendicitis. PMID:24598250

  1. Risk factors affecting morbidity in typhoid enteric perforation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Gedik; S. Girgin; I. H. Taçy?ld?z; Y. Akgün

    2008-01-01

    Introduction  Typhoid enteric perforation is a cause of high morbidity and mortality. This study aim is to determine the factors affecting\\u000a morbidity in patients with typhoid enteric perforation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  Ninety-six patients with typhoid enteric perforation were reviewed. The variables are defined as follows: Age, gender, complaints,\\u000a perforation–operation interval, typhoid fever treatment before the perforation or not, white blood cell (WBC)

  2. Enteric infections, diarrhea, and their impact on function and development

    PubMed Central

    Petri, William A.; Miller, Mark; Binder, Henry J.; Levine, Myron M.; Dillingham, Rebecca; Guerrant, Richard L.

    2008-01-01

    Enteric infections, with or without overt diarrhea, have profound effects on intestinal absorption, nutrition, and childhood development as well as on global mortality. Oral rehydration therapy has reduced the number of deaths from dehydration caused by infection with an enteric pathogen, but it has not changed the morbidity caused by such infections. This Review focuses on the interactions between enteric pathogens and human genetic determinants that alter intestinal function and inflammation and profoundly impair human health and development. We also discuss specific implications for novel approaches to interventions that are now opened by our rapidly growing molecular understanding. PMID:18382740

  3. A STUDY OF FACTORS OPERATIVE IN THE SELECTIVE RETENTION OF STUDENTS IN TEACHER EDUCATION, PART I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    COOK, WALTER W.; AND OTHERS

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO DISCOVER THE PERSONALITY AND EXPERIENCE FACTORS WHICH DISTINGUISH STUDENTS WHO ARE SUCCESSFUL IN PROFESSIONAL TEACHER TRAINING COURSES AND ACTUALLY ENTER TEACHING, FROM THE PERSONALITY AND EXPERIENCE FACTORS OF STUDENTS WHO DROP OUT ALONG THE WAY. INFORMATION WAS GATHERED FROM ALL STUDENTS WHO ENTER THE JUNIOR…

  4. The Effect of MSW Education on Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Substance Abusing Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senreich, Evan; Straussner, Shulamith Lala A.

    2013-01-01

    Entering ("n"?=?475) and graduating ("n"?=?454) students at 3 master's of social work programs in the northeast were compared regarding their knowledge and attitudes concerning working with substance abusing clients. In comparison to entering students, graduating students demonstrated modestly higher levels of knowledge,…

  5. Planar cell polarity genes control the connectivity of enteric neurons

    PubMed Central

    Sasselli, Valentina; Boesmans, Werend; Vanden Berghe, Pieter; Tissir, Fadel; Goffinet, André M.; Pachnis, Vassilis

    2013-01-01

    A highly complex network of intrinsic enteric neurons is required for the digestive and homeostatic functions of the gut. Nevertheless, the genetic and molecular mechanisms that regulate their assembly into functional neuronal circuits are currently unknown. Here we report that the planar cell polarity (PCP) genes Celsr3 and Fzd3 are required during murine embryogenesis to specifically control the guidance and growth of enteric neuronal projections relative to the longitudinal and radial gut axes. Ablation of these genes disrupts the normal organization of nascent neuronal projections, leading to subtle changes of axonal tract configuration in the mature enteric nervous system (ENS), but profound abnormalities in gastrointestinal motility. Our data argue that PCP-dependent modules of connectivity established at early stages of enteric neurogenesis control gastrointestinal function in adult animals and provide the first evidence that developmental deficits in ENS wiring may contribute to the pathogenesis of idiopathic bowel disorders. PMID:23478408

  6. 129. FULL AERIAL VIEW SHOWING FORWARD PORT QUARTER, ENTERING PEARL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    129. FULL AERIAL VIEW SHOWING FORWARD PORT QUARTER, ENTERING PEARL HARBOR AFTER APOLLO 11 RECOVERY. 26 JULY 1969. (NATIONAL ARCHIVES NO. 428-KN-18090) - U.S.S. HORNET, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Sinclair Inlet, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

  7. 221. View entering smart view. Note the unique snake rail ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    221. View entering smart view. Note the unique snake rail fence. The pond was a manipulated landscape element. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  8. Crosstalk between Muscularis Macrophages and Enteric Neurons Regulates Gastrointestinal Motility

    PubMed Central

    Muller, Paul Andrew; Koscsó, Balázs; Rajani, Gaurav Manohar; Stevanovic, Korey; Berres, Marie-Luise; Hashimoto, Daigo; Mortha, Arthur; Leboeuf, Marylene; Li, Xiu-Min; Mucida, Daniel; Stanley, E. Richard; Dahan, Stephanie; Margolis, Kara Gross; Gershon, Michael David; Merad, Miriam; Bogunovic, Milena

    2014-01-01

    SUMMARY Intestinal peristalsis is a dynamic physiologic process influenced by dietary and microbial changes. It is tightly regulated by complex cellular interactions; however, our understanding of these controls is incomplete. A distinct population of macrophages is distributed in the intestinal muscularis externa. We demonstrate that in the steady state muscularis macrophages regulate peristaltic activity of the colon. They change the pattern of smooth muscle contractions by secreting bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), which activates BMP receptor (BMPR) expressed by enteric neurons. Enteric neurons, in turn, secrete colony stimulatory factor 1 (CSF1), a growth factor required for macrophage development. Finally, stimuli from microbial commensals regulate BMP2 expression by macrophages and CSF1 expression by enteric neurons. Our findings identify a plastic, microbiota-driven, crosstalk between muscularis macrophages and enteric neurons, which controls gastrointestinal motility. PMID:25036630

  9. Compative Study of Bladder Versus Enteric Drainage in Pancreas Transplantation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Jiménez-Romero; A. Manrique; J. C. Meneu; F. Cambra; A. Andrés; J. M. Morales; E. González; E. Hernández; E. Morales; M. Praga; E. Gutierrez; E. Moreno

    2009-01-01

    IntroductionThere is some controversy concerning the choice of best technique for drainage of exocrine secretions in pancreas transplantation. We compared patients with bladder drainage (BD) versus those with enteric drainage (ED).

  10. 19 CFR 122.41 - Aircraft required to enter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Aircraft required to enter. 122.41 Section...TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic...Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within,...

  11. 1. WATER ENTERING CONFLUENCE POOL FROM BEAR CREEK AT LEFT, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. WATER ENTERING CONFLUENCE POOL FROM BEAR CREEK AT LEFT, AND FROM SANTA ANA RIVER THROUGH TUNNEL #0 AT RIGHT. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, Bear Creek Diversion Dam & Confluence Pool, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

  12. 19 CFR 122.41 - Aircraft required to enter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Aircraft required to enter. 122.41 Section...TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic...Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within,...

  13. 19 CFR 122.41 - Aircraft required to enter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Aircraft required to enter. 122.41 Section...TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic...Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within,...

  14. 19 CFR 122.41 - Aircraft required to enter.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Aircraft required to enter. 122.41 Section...TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic...Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within,...

  15. INACTIVATION OF ENTERIC ADENOVIRUS AND FELINE CALICIVIRUS BY OZONE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Little information is available regarding the effectiveness of ozone on the inactivation of caliciviruses and enteric adenoviruses. Inactivation experiments were conducted with feline calicivirus (FCV), closely related to the human caliciviruses based on nucleic acid organization and capsid architec...

  16. Mitigating enteric methane emissions: Where are the biggest opportunities

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Many opportunities exist to reduce enteric methane emissions per unit of product from ruminant livestock. These include alterations in feeding management and nutrition, addition of compounds to modify rumen function, genetic improvements to increase animal lifetime productivity (including health and...

  17. 103. CABLES ENTERING CABLE TRAY SHED AT EAST OF LSB; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    103. CABLES ENTERING CABLE TRAY SHED AT EAST OF LSB; OXIDIZER APRON AND LAUNCH PAD IN BACKGROUND - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 East, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  18. 6. DOUBLE METAL DOORS ON WEST SIDE WITH CABLES ENTERING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. DOUBLE METAL DOORS ON WEST SIDE WITH CABLES ENTERING GROUND AT NORTH END OF BUILDING. - Chollas Heights Naval Radio Transmitting Facility, Helix House, 6410 Zero Road, San Diego, San Diego County, CA

  19. 2. CANAL BOAT ENTERING THE DELAWARE CANAL FROM OF THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. CANAL BOAT ENTERING THE DELAWARE CANAL FROM OF THE LEHIGH RIVER. BOATS COULD BE FERRIED ACROSS THE DELAWARE RIVER TO THE MORRIS CANAL BY A CABLE SUPPORTED TROLLEY. - Morris Canal, Phillipsburg, Warren County, NJ

  20. 31. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. AS THE TRAM ENTERED THE GRAVITY TRAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    31. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. AS THE TRAM ENTERED THE GRAVITY TRAM LINE, IT CROSSED THIS CUT-STONE BRIDGE AND WAS CONTROLLED BY THE SWITCHING PLATFORM IN THE BACKGROUND - Independent Coal & Coke Company, Kenilworth, Carbon County, UT

  1. 1. INTAKE CHANNEL LOOKING NORTHEAST; WATER FROM BEAVER BROOK ENTERS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. INTAKE CHANNEL LOOKING NORTHEAST; WATER FROM BEAVER BROOK ENTERS THE INTAKE CHANNEL HERE. - Hondius Water Line, 1.6 miles Northwest of Park headquarters building & 1 mile Northwest of Beaver Meadows entrance station, Estes Park, Larimer County, CO

  2. 69. Vice President Ford entering SAC command post, February, 1974 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    69. Vice President Ford entering SAC command post, February, 1974 - Offutt Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command Headquarters & Command Center, Headquarters Building, 901 SAC Boulevard, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  3. NORTHERN END OF VIADUCT WHERE IT ENTERS BATTERY STREET TUNNEL. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    NORTHERN END OF VIADUCT WHERE IT ENTERS BATTERY STREET TUNNEL. LAKE UNION VISIBLE IN BACKGROUND. TUNNEL PROCEEDS IN CUT AND COVER FASHION DIRECTLY BENEATH BATTERY STREET. - Alaskan Way Viaduct and Battery Street Tunnel, Seattle, King County, WA

  4. An Entering Year Program: Assisting with University Retention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hetherington, Cheryl; Davis, June

    1984-01-01

    Describes the Entering Year Program at the University of Iowa, which provides a deliberate and systematic integration of educational support services within the residence hall environment. Goals and specific activities are described. (JAC)

  5. Avian necrotic enteritis: Experimental models, climate change, and vaccine development

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This review summarizes recent developments in disease models, pathogenesis, host immunity, risk factors, and vaccine development for Clostridium perfringens infection of poultry and necrotic enteritis (NE). The increasing trends of legislative restrictions and voluntary removal of antibiotic growth...

  6. LRO Enters Lunar Orbit (Highlights) - Duration: 2 minutes, 33 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    After a four and a half day journey from the Earth, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, or LRO, successfully entered orbit around the moon. Engineers at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbel...

  7. Classifying Community Colleges Based on Students' Patterns of Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bahr, Peter Riley

    2013-01-01

    In this study, I draw on Bahr's ("Research in Higher Education" 51:724-749, 2010; New Directions for Institutional Research S1:33-48, 2011) behavioral typology of first-time community college students to examine college-level variation in students' patterns of use of 105 community colleges in California. I find that students' patterns of use vary…

  8. The Interaction of Human Enteric Pathogens with Plants

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Jeong-A; Lee, Dong Hwan; Heu, Sunggi

    2014-01-01

    There are an increasing number of outbreaks of human pathogens related to fresh produce. Thus, the growth of human pathogens on plants should be explored. Human pathogens can survive under the harsh environments in plants, and can adhere and actively invade plants. Plant-associated microbiota or insects contribute to the survival and transmission of enteric pathogens in plants. Human enteric pathogens also trigger plant innate immunity, but some pathogens–such as Salmonella–can overcome this defense mechanism. PMID:25288993

  9. Biotransformation of furfural and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural by enteric bacteria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Boopathy; H. Bokang; L. Daniels

    1993-01-01

    Summary A survey was conducted with seventeen enteric bacterial strains (including the generaKlebsiella, Enterobacter, Escherichia, Citrobacter, Edwardsiella andProteus) to examine their ability to transform furfural and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (5-MHF). The enteric bacteria were able to convert furfural to furfuryl alcohol under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions in a relatively short incubation time of 8 h. 5-HMF was transformed by all

  10. Processing Strategies to Inactivate Enteric Viruses in Shellfish

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary P. Richards; Catherine McLeod; Françoise S. Le Guyader

    2010-01-01

    Noroviruses, hepatitis A and E viruses, sapovirus, astrovirus, rotavirus, Aichi virus, enteric adenoviruses, poliovirus, and\\u000a other enteroviruses enter shellfish through contaminated seawater or by contamination during handling and processing, resulting\\u000a in outbreaks ranging from isolated to epidemic. Processing and disinfection methods include shellfish depuration and relaying,\\u000a cooking and heat pasteurization, freezing, irradiation, and high pressure processing. All the methods can

  11. Beneficial Effects of Immediate Enteral Nutrition After Esophageal Cancer Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Satoshi Aiko; Yutaka Yoshizumi; Yoshiaki Sugiura; Tomokazu Matsuyama; Yoshihisa Naito; Junichi Matsuzaki; Tadaaki Maehara

    2001-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the effects of immediate enteral nutrition (EN) on nutritional status, immunological\\u000a competence, and the suppression of excessive inflammatory responses in patients following esophageal cancer surgery. Twenty-four\\u000a patients who underwent the same elective operation for thoracic esophageal carcinoma were randomized into an immediate enteral\\u000a nutrition (IEN) group who received EN from postoperative day (POD) 1

  12. A case of acute pancreatitis complicating salmonella enteritis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hirotoshi Hamaguchi; Yoshinori Okabayashi; Ryoji Yoneda; Hirohisa Ueno; Seitetsu Yoon; Motoyoshi Sakaue; Masato Kasuga

    1999-01-01

    Summary  We report a case of acute pancreatitis complicating Salmonella enteritis. A 43-yr-old woman who was admitted to our department\\u000a because of Salmonella enteritis developed clinical acute pancreatitis with laboratory and radiographic signs on the fourth\\u000a hospital day. She was free from symptoms on the eighth hospital day, but her elevated serum amylase and lipase levels persisted\\u000a for more than 2

  13. Enteral nutrition and immune modulation of acute pancreatitis

    PubMed Central

    Hegazi, Refaat A; DeWitt, Tiffany

    2014-01-01

    Enteral nutrition has been strongly recommended by major scientific societies for the nutritional management of patients with acute pancreatitis. Providing severe acute pancreatitis patients with enteral nutrition within the first 24-48 h of hospital admission can help improve outcomes compared to parenteral nutrition and no feeding. New research is focusing in on when and what to feed to best improve outcomes for acute pancreatitis patients. Early enteral nutrition have the potential to modulate the immune responses. Despite this consistent evidence of early enteral nutrition in patients with acute pancreatitis, clinical practice continues to vary due to individual clinician preference. Achieving the immune modulating effects of enteral nutrition heavily depend on proper placement of the feeding tube and managing any tube feeding associated complications. The current article reviews the immune modulating effects of enteral nutrition and pro- and prebiotics and suggests some practical tools that help improve the patient adherence and tolerance to the tube feeding. Proper selection of the type of the tube, close monitoring of the tube for its placement, patency and securing its proper placement and routine checking the gastric residual volume could all help improve the outcome. Using peptide-based and high medium chain triglycerides feeding formulas help improving feeding tolerance. PMID:25473161

  14. Personal Factors that Influence Deaf College Students' Academic Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albertini, John A.; Kelly, Ronald R.; Matchett, Mary Karol

    2012-01-01

    Research tells us that academic preparation is key to deaf students' success at college. Yet, that is not the whole story. Many academically prepared students drop out during their first year. This study identified entering deaf college students' personal factors as assessed by their individual responses to both the "Noel-Levitz College Student

  15. International Students' Experiences of Integrating into the Workforce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nunes, Sarah; Arthur, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the integration experiences of 16 international students entering the Canadian workforce using a semistructured interview and constant comparison method. The international students were pursuing immigration to Canada, despite unmet job prospects. Students recommended that employers refrain from discriminating against students

  16. Structured Communication: Effects on Teaching Efficacy of Student Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edgar, Don W.; Roberts, T. Grady; Murphy, Tim H.

    2009-01-01

    Teaching efficacy beliefs of agricultural science student teachers during field experiences may affect the number of student teachers entering the profession. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects implementing structured communication between cooperating teachers and student teachers would have on student teachers' self-perceived…

  17. The Freshman Experience and the Role of Student Assistants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santa Rita, Emilio

    The Student Assistants' Program (SAP) was implemented at Bronx Community College (BCC) (New York) to reduce attrition between admission and the first day of classes. The principal objective of the program is to train presently enrolled students to provide individual assistance to entering freshmen. These student assistants help new students with…

  18. The Impact of Anonymous and Assigned Use of Student Response Systems on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poole, Dawn

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the impact of two approaches to use of student response systems (SRSs) on achievement in a study designed to better understand effective use of the devices. One condition was anonymous use of SRSs, in which graduate students selected a random clicker when entering the classroom. The second condition assigned devices to students

  19. Hypothetical Biotechnology Companies: A Role-Playing Student Centered Activity for Undergraduate Science Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chuck, Jo-Anne

    2011-01-01

    Science students leaving undergraduate programs are entering the biotechnology industry where they are presented with issues which require integration of science content. Students find this difficult as through-out their studies, most content is limited to a single subdiscipline (e.g., biochemistry, immunology). In addition, students need…

  20. Contribution of infants' sleep and crying to marital relationship of first-time parent couples in the 1st year after childbirth.

    PubMed

    Meijer, Anne Marie; van den Wittenboer, Godfried L H

    2007-03-01

    This study investigated the influence of infants' sleep and crying on marital relationship in first-time parent couples (N = 107) during the 1st year after birth. Control variables are parents' insomnia and parental self-efficacy in handling the baby. Questionnaires were administered to both parents before birth, at 2 and 7 weeks after birth, and at 1 year after birth. Results show that marital problem-solving ability did not change but that marital satisfaction diminished significantly over time. Crying was the main child variable that affected marital satisfaction. Fathers' self-efficacy contributed positively to marital problem solving and negatively to paternal insomnia. Both maternal and paternal insomnia affected spouses' insomnia. As infant sleep problems may worsen preexisting parental insomnia, it is recommended that first-time parents be informed about treatments of insomnia. PMID:17371109

  1. The gut-brain axis: interactions between enteric microbiota, central and enteric nervous systems

    PubMed Central

    Carabotti, Marilia; Scirocco, Annunziata; Maselli, Maria Antonietta; Severi, Carola

    2015-01-01

    The gut-brain axis (GBA) consists of bidirectional communication between the central and the enteric nervous system, linking emotional and cognitive centers of the brain with peripheral intestinal functions. Recent advances in research have described the importance of gut microbiota in influencing these interactions. This interaction between microbiota and GBA appears to be bidirectional, namely through signaling from gut-microbiota to brain and from brain to gut-microbiota by means of neural, endocrine, immune, and humoral links. In this review we summarize the available evidence supporting the existence of these interactions, as well as the possible pathophysiological mechanisms involved. Most of the data have been acquired using technical strategies consisting in germ-free animal models, probiotics, antibiotics, and infection studies. In clinical practice, evidence of microbiota-GBA interactions comes from the association of dysbiosis with central nervous disorders (i.e. autism, anxiety-depressive behaviors) and functional gastrointestinal disorders. In particular, irritable bowel syndrome can be considered an example of the disruption of these complex relationships, and a better understanding of these alterations might provide new targeted therapies. PMID:25830558

  2. Improving student outcomes in higher education: New Zealand teachers’ views on teaching students from diverse backgrounds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nick Zepke; Linda Leach

    2007-01-01

    The research literature on student retention is voluminous and longstanding. However, a unified theory of retention remains elusive; instead a variety of explanations and approaches have been developed. This article uses two discourses, integration and adaptation, to make sense of the findings from a survey of teachers who taught students enrolled for the first time in seven tertiary institutions in

  3. Architecture of enteric neural circuits involved in intestinal motility.

    PubMed

    Costa, M; Brookes, S H

    2008-08-01

    This short review describes the conceptual development in the search for the enteric neural circuits with the initial identifications of the classes of enteric neurons on the bases of their morphology, neurochemistry, biophysical properties, projections and connectivity. The discovery of the presence of multiple neurochemicals in the same nerve cells in specific combinations led to the concept of "chemical coding" and of "plurichemical transmission". The proposal that enteric reflexes are largely responsible for the propulsion of contents led to investigations of polarised reflex pathways and how these may be activated to generate the coordinated propulsive behaviour of the intestine. The research over the past decades attempted to integrate information of chemical neuroanatomy with functional studies, with the development of methods combining anatomical, functional and pharmacological techniques. This multidisciplinary strategy led to a full accounting of all functional classes of enteric neurons in the guinea-pig, and advanced wiring diagrams of the enteric neural circuits have been proposed. In parallel, investigations of the actual behaviour of the intestine during physiological motor activity have advanced with the development of spatio-temporal analysis from video recordings. The relation between neural pathways, their activities and the generation of patterns of motor activity remain largely unexplained. The enteric neural circuits appear not set in rigid programs but respond to different physico-chemical contents in an adaptable way (neuromechanical hypothesis). The generation of the complex repertoire of motor patterns results from the interplay of myogenic and neuromechanical mechanisms with spontaneous generation of migratory motor activity by enteric circuits. PMID:18924440

  4. Clinical Equivalency of Ciprofloxacin 750 mg Enterally and 400 mg Intravenously for Patients Receiving Enteral Feeding: Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Chui, Donna; Cheng, Lily; Tejani, Aaron M

    2009-01-01

    Background: Concomitant enteral administration of ciprofloxacin with products containing magnesium, aluminum, and calcium (e.g., as enteral feeds) decreases the oral bioavailability of this antibiotic. The manufacturer currently recommends holding enteral feeds for a total of 8 h after ciprofloxacin is given, but this is not feasible for patients who are receiving continuous enteral feeding. A previous study demonstrated that a higher dose of oral ciprofloxacin (750 mg BID) may compensate for the reduced bioavailability associated with this drug–food interaction, allowing adequate concentrations for effective bactericidal activity. Objective: To evaluate whether ciprofloxacin 750 mg administered enterally is a clinically feasible alternative to ciprofloxacin 400 mg administered intravenously for adults receiving enteral feeds. Methods: A literature search was conducted in EMBASE (January 1980 to April 2008) and MEDLINE (January 1949 to April 2008), with no language restrictions, using the key words “ciprofloxacin”, “fluoroquinolone”, “tube feed”, and “enteral”. For trials that remained after screening of the abstract, the full text was reviewed and the reference lists were hand-searched to identify additional trials. The following outcomes were prespecified: death, serious adverse events, clinical cure, microbiological cure, re-infection, total adverse events, ratio of area under the curve (AUC, in microgram-hours per millilitre) to minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC, in micrograms per millilitre), ratio of maximum serum concentration (Cmax, in micrograms per millilitre) to MIC, and Cmax. Results: The search identified 121 potentially eligible studies, which were screened on the basis of information provided in the abstract. From this initial screening, it was clear that 113 studies did not meet the inclusion criteria. The remaining 8 studies were subjected to a full-text review, which revealed that only 1 study met the inclusion criteria. In that study, ciprofloxacin 750 mg given enterally yielded an AUC similar to that achieved with 400 mg given parentally, but the Cmax was lower. No clinical outcomes were reported. Conclusions: There is insufficient evidence from this systematic review to determine whether patients receiving enteral feeds concomitantly with enteral ciprofloxacin 750 mg BID will achieve clinical outcomes similar to those receiving parenteral ciprofloxacin 400 mg BID. PMID:22478878

  5. Hypernatraemic dehydration and acute gastro-enteritis in children.

    PubMed

    Abu-Ekteish, F; Zahraa, J

    2002-09-01

    A prospective study was conducted over a 2-year period to detect the effect of feeding practice, in particular the role of artificial milk formulae, in children admitted with hypernatraemic dehydration (serum sodium > or = 150 mmol/L) caused by acute gastro-enteritis, and to record morbidity and mortality in these patients. A control group was selected from infants and children admitted with gastro-enteritis but normal sodium levels. Sixty-seven children aged 18 days to 18 months (mean 6.9 months) were studied and represented 4.6% of all children admitted during the study with acute gastro-enteritis. Their mean serum sodium level was 161 mmol/L, the highest being 194 mmol/L. Twenty-four infants (36%) with hypernatraemic dehydration were on evaporated cow's milk powder compared with ten (15%) in the control group (p < 0.01). Five hypernatraemic infants (7.5%) were breastfed compared with 40 (60%) isonatraemic controls (p < 0.00001). Six children from the hypernatraemic group developed convulsions and two died. Hypernatraemic dehydration remains an important and serious complication in infants with gastro-enteritis in our area. Artificial milk feeding, particularly the use of evaporated cow's milk powder, is a predisposing factor for hypernatraemia in infantile gastro-enteritis. This study emphasises the importance of breast-feeding and the need to educate mothers to avoid giving evaporated cow's milk formulae to babies under 1 year of age if breast-feeding is not possible. PMID:12369489

  6. 76 FR 39416 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-06

    ...Activities: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special Tariff...Act: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special Tariff...Title: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special...

  7. 76 FR 26750 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ...Activities: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special Tariff...concerning: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special Tariff...Title: Documentation Requirements for Articles Entered Under Various Special...

  8. Detection of mink enteritis virus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP).

    PubMed

    Wang, Jianke; Cheng, Shipeng; Yi, Li; Cheng, Yuening; Yang, Shen; Xu, Hongli; Li, Zhenguang; Shi, Xinchuan; Wu, Hua; Yan, Xijun

    2013-02-01

    Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method was discovered in the last decade but only used for the first time in the diagnosis of mink enteritis virus (MEV) infection in this study. The amplification could be completed within 60 min, under isothermal condition at 65°C, by employing a set of four primers targeting the VP2 gene of MEV. The LAMP was more sensitive than the conventional PCR, with a detection limit of 10(-1) median tissue culture infective doses (TCID(50))/ml per reaction, compared with 10 TCID(50)/ml for PCR analysis. No cross reactivity was observed for other related viruses, including canine distemper virus (CDV) and Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (AMDV). Eighty four of 230 clinical samples were found to be positive for MEV, which is higher than that determined by using the conventional PCR method (68). The results indicate the LAMP can be potentially used to determine MEV as a simple, rapid procedure. This assay would be an available alternative to PCR analysis for the diagnosis of MEV infection in mink, particularly in less well-equipped laboratories and in rural settings where resources are limited. PMID:23183142

  9. Mast cells in Canine parvovirus-2-associated enteritis with crypt abscess.

    PubMed

    Woldemeskel, M W; Saliki, J T; Blas-Machado, U; Whittington, L

    2013-11-01

    The role of mast cells (MCs) in allergic reactions and parasitic infections is well established. Their involvement in host immune response against bacterial and viral infections is reported. In this study, investigation is made to determine if MCs are associated with Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2)-induced enteritis with crypt abscess (ECA). Mast cell count (MCC) was made on toluidine blue-stained intestinal sections from a total of 34 dogs. These included 16 dogs exhibiting ECA positive for CPV-2 and negative for Canine distemper virus and Canine coronavirus by immunohistochemistry and fluorescent antibody test, 12 dogs with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and 6 non-ECA/non-IBD (control) dogs. The average total MCC per high-power field in ECA (40.8 ± 2.2) and IBD (24.7 ± 2.1) was significantly higher (P < .05) than in the control (3.4 ± 0.6). Although not significant (P > .05), MCC was also higher in ECA than in IBD. The present study for the first time has documented significantly increased MCs in CPV-2-associated ECA as was previously reported for IBD, showing that MCs may also play an important role in CPV-2-associated ECA. Further studies involving more CPV-infected dogs are recommended to substantiate the findings. PMID:23558973

  10. Fulminant amoebic enteritis that developed in the perinatal period.

    PubMed

    Goto, Mayako; Mizushima, Yasuaki; Matsuoka, Tetsuya

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of a 30-year-old postpartum woman who delivered by caesarean section at 34?weeks. On postoperative day 9, she was admitted to our hospital in shock. Emergency abdominal surgery was performed. Massive purulent ascites collected in the abdominal cavity and was associated with intestinal necrosis, which extended from the ascending colon to one-third of the descending colon. The necrotic lesion was excised, and an artificial anus was constructed at the ileum end. A histological finding on the 15th day indicated the possibility of amoebic enteritis, and the patient was started on metronidazole therapy. The diarrhoea improved dramatically after metronidazole treatment was started. The patient was able to walk unassisted on the 45th day and was subsequently discharged. Amoebic enteritis has been thought to be epidemic in developing countries, but today, the incidence of amoebic enteritis as a sexually transmitted disease is increasing in developed countries. PMID:26113583

  11. Maintaining adequate hydration and nutrition in adult enteral tube feeding.

    PubMed

    Dunn, Sasha

    2015-07-01

    Predicting the nutritional and fluid requirements of enterally-fed patients can be challenging and the practicalities of ensuring adequate delivery must be taken into consideration. Patients who are enterally fed can be more reliant on clinicians, family members and carers to meet their nutrition and hydration needs and identify any deficiencies, excesses or problems with delivery. Estimating a patient's requirements can be challenging due to the limitations of using predictive equations in the clinical setting. Close monitoring by all those involved in the patient's care, as well as regular review by a dietitian, is therefore required to balance the delivery of adequate feed and fluids to meet each patient's individual needs and prevent the complications of malnutrition and dehydration. Increasing the awareness of the signs of malnutrition and dehydration in patients receiving enteral tube feeding among those involved in a patient's care will help any deficiencies to be detected early on and rectified before complications occur. PMID:26087203

  12. Enteral nutrition associated non-occlusive bowel ischemia

    PubMed Central

    Gwon, Jun-Gyo; Lee, Young-Ju; Kyoung, Kyu-Hyouck; Kim, Young-Hwan

    2012-01-01

    We describe two patients, with no previous history of vascular problems but poor lung function, who experienced septic shock due to bowel ischemia. Both were fed an enteral formula rich in fiber using a feeding tube and experienced septic shock with regular enteral feeding. Surgical finding showed hemorrhagic ischemia in the bowel. The pathologic finding suggests these changes may have been due to inspissations of bowel contents, which may put direct pressure on the mucosa of the bowel wall, leading to local impairment of mucosal and submucosal blood flow with subsequent bowel necrosis. Bowel ischemia may have been precipitated by an increased mesenteric blood flow requirement in combination with a metabolically stressed bowel. Patients in the intensive care unit fed a fiber-rich enteral formula may have inspissated bowel contents, leading to bowel ischemia, suggesting that the use of fiber-rich formula should be limited in patients at high-risk of bowel ischemia. PMID:22977764

  13. Medium-chain triglyceride-rich enteral nutrition is more effective than low-fat enteral nutrition in rat colitis, but is equal in enteritis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomoyuki Tsujikawa; Noriyasu Ohta; Tsuyoshi Nakamura; Takashi Yasuoka; Jin Satoh; Tetsuya Fukunaga; Akihiko Itoh; Katsuhiro Uda; Takashi Ihara; Akira Andoh; Masaya Sasaki; Yoshihide Fujiyama; Tadao Bamba

    2001-01-01

    Background.   Although enteral nutrition (EN) therapy for Crohn's disease has been confirmed to be as effective as steroid therapy, the\\u000a precise mechanism responsible for the effects of EN remains unclear, although some of the therapeutic effects of EN are believed\\u000a to be due to a low dietary fat content. In order to elucidate the influence of fat in EN, it

  14. A Study of Academic Achievements of F-1 Classed Aliens and Other Nonimmigrant Temporary Students at Kapiolani Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uehara, Soichi

    This research investigated the difference in academic performance between foreign students who enter the country with a student visa and are thereby required to take the U.S. Consulate English test, and those who originally enter with some other type of visa and subsequently change to a student visa (no test required). The study included data on…

  15. Addressing the Needs of Under-Prepared Students in Higher Education: Does College Remediation Work? NBER Working Paper No. 11325

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bettinger, Eric P.; Long, Bridget Terry

    2005-01-01

    Each year, thousands of students graduate high school academically unprepared for college. As a result, approximately one-third of entering postsecondary students require remedial or developmental work before entering college-level courses. However, little is known about the causal impact of remediation on student outcomes. At an annual cost of…

  16. Serotonergic pathways in the Drosophila larval enteric nervous system.

    PubMed

    Schoofs, Andreas; Hückesfeld, Sebastian; Surendran, Sandya; Pankratz, Michael J

    2014-10-01

    The enteric nervous system is critical for coordinating diverse feeding-related behaviors and metabolism. We have characterized a cluster of four serotonergic neurons in Drosophila larval brain: cell bodies are located in the subesophageal ganglion (SOG) whose neuronal processes project into the enteric nervous system. Electrophysiological, calcium imaging and behavioral analyses indicate a functional role of these neurons in modulating foregut motility. We suggest that the axonal projections of this serotonergic cluster may be part of a brain-gut neural pathway that is functionally analogous to the vertebrate vagus nerve. PMID:24907674

  17. Exclusive enteral nutrition in children with Crohn’s disease

    PubMed Central

    Day, Andrew S; Lopez, Robert N

    2015-01-01

    Exclusive enteral nutrition involves the use of a complete liquid diet, with the exclusion of normal dietary components for a defined period of time, as a therapeutic measure to induce remission in active Crohn’s disease (CD). This very efficacious approach leads to high rates of remission, especially in children and adolescents newly diagnosed with CD. This intervention also results in mucosal healing, nutritional improvements and enhanced bone health. Whilst several recent studies have provided further elaboration of the roles of exclusive enteral nutrition in the management of CD, other reports have provided new understanding of the mechanisms by which this intervention acts. PMID:26078556

  18. Design, Implementation and Evaluation of a Year Long Engineering School Acclimation Model for Enhancing Student Diversity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony L. Mitchell; Alisa Hunt-Lowery; Laura J. Bottomley; Mary Clare Robbins

    The College of Engineering at NC State University attracts some of the most talented high school students in the country. Each year, an entering freshman class of 1100 new engineering students includes 20% women and 20% under-represented minority students. The entire College of Engineering undergraduate and graduate enrollment of 7300 students comprises 22% women and 20% minority students. While our

  19. a Science Pipeline Pathway for Training Underrepresented Students in the Biomedical Sciences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence J. Alfred; Cathie Atkins; Michelle Lopez; Thelma Chavez; Vernon Avila; Paul Paolini

    2005-01-01

    This article describes a science pipeline program designed to increase the number of minority students preparing for future biomedical research careers. This study focused on the importance of undergraduate students' participation in faculty-mentored research projects and on students' decisions to enter graduate school. The academic performance of participating minority students was compared with that of ethnic-specific nonparticipating students and majority

  20. Online PRO Reservation | Required To Return Student Health Services studenthealth.mst.edu

    E-print Network

    Missouri-Rolla, University of

    : _____________________ Guardian if student is under 18 years old SIGNATURE: a. List any food or drug allergies that you have BE ATTACHED Legible copy of school record, immunization booklet or doctor's record 1. All entering students

  1. UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE (Whan Data Entered;

    E-print Network

    Shields, Janet

    Laboratory Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts 01731 Contract Monitor: Lt.Col. John D. Mill/OPA 12 REPORT DATE July 1983 II CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND AODRESS Air Force Geophysics Laboratory Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts/OPA, Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts 01731. 17 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (of the abetract entered In Block 20

  2. IMMUNOGENOMIC APPROACHES TO STUDY HOST IMMUNITY TO ENTERIC PATHOGENS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    With increasing consumer’s demands for safe poultry products, effective control of disease-causing pathogens is becoming a major challenge to the poultry industry. Many chicken pathogens enter the host through the gastrointestinal tract, and over the past few decades in-feed antibiotics and active ...

  3. View of cars entering Henry Hudson Parkway southbound at the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of cars entering Henry Hudson Parkway southbound at the Mosholu Parkway interchange, with outcropping in northwest Van Cortlandt Park in background, looking north. - Henry Hudson Parkway, Extending 11.2 miles from West 72nd Street to Bronx-Westchester border, New York, New York County, NY

  4. Maternal vaccination against subclinical necrotic enteritis in broilers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atle Lovland; Magne Kaldhusdal; Keith Redhead; Eystein Skjerve; Atle Lillehaug

    2004-01-01

    The inclusion of antibacterial feed additives has until now been the major strategy for controlling Clostridium perfringens-associated necrotic enteritis in broilers. In the present study, the effect of maternal immunization against the disease was examined. Broiler breeder hens were injected intramuscularly with candidate vaccines based on C. perfringens type A and type C toxoids adjuvanted with aluminium hydroxide. Vaccination resulted

  5. [Educating the Handicapped to Enter the World of Work].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobb, R. Brian

    1987-01-01

    This newsletter issue focuses on educating the handicapped to enter the world of work. Topics addressed include legislation, assessment of vocational education programs, transitional services, employment programs, and job separation. The feature article describes provisions of the 1984 Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act (Public Law 98-524),…

  6. I.G. Farben directors enter the courtroom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    OMGUS MILITARY TRIBUNAL

    1947-01-01

    Directors of the huge I. G. Farben Chemical Combine are shown entering the Nurnberg courtroom where they are on trial. As war criminals the defendants are charged with violation of the Versailles treaty, producing explosives, poison gas and other offensive weapons for Hitler, the plunder and seizure of factories in occupied countries, and the exploitation of slave labor in Farben

  7. CYBERCHASE: The Interactive Math Adventure Series Enters Its Fifth Season

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donlevy, Jim

    2006-01-01

    CYBERCHASE, an interactive math-based adventure series for young viewers, is entering its fifth season on public broadcasting stations in the United States. This article explore season highlights and suggests benefits of using CYBERCHASE to supplement math lessons in school and at home.

  8. Benefits Dept Entry Date: Entered By: QC By: QC Date

    E-print Network

    Provancher, William

    Benefits Dept Use Only: Entry Date: Entered By: QC By: QC Date: 3514 ACCIDENTAL DEATH for specific details. Plan booklet is available on the University's AD&D web page at www.hr.utah.edu/benefits that is newly eligible for benefits and retroactive premiums will be deducted. Coverage elected after your

  9. 49. View of waveguide system entering building no. 105 (typical ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    49. View of waveguide system entering building no. 105 (typical of all radar scanner buildings), showing testing connection points and monitoring equipment. - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

  10. Enteral versus parenteral nutrition: Effects on gastrointestinal function and metabolism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulrich Suchner; Uwe Senftleben; Thomas Eckart; Monika R. Scholz; Klaus Beck; Reihnard Murr; Robert Enzenbach; Klaus Peter

    1996-01-01

    The effects of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) versus enteral nutrition (TEN) were studied in 34 patients following major neurosurgery. Measurements were made of resting energy expenditure (REE), urea production rate (UPR), visceral proteins, parameters of liver and pancreas function, as well as gastrointestinal absorption. To predict nutritional status, nutritional index (NI) was calculated. UPR revealed no significant differences between the

  11. GDNF induces synaptic vesicle markers in enteric neurons.

    PubMed

    Böttner, M; Harde, J; Barrenschee, M; Hellwig, I; Vogel, I; Ebsen, M; Wedel, T

    2013-11-01

    Regulation of intestinal motility depends on an intact synaptic vesicle apparatus. Thus, we investigated the expression of the synaptic vesicle markers synaptophysin and synaptobrevin in the human enteric nervous system (ENS) and their regulation by glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in cultured enteric neurons. Full-thickness specimens of the human colon were assessed for expression of synaptophysin and synaptobrevin and neuronal localization was assessed by dual-label immunocytochemistry with PGP 9.5. Effects of GDNF on both synaptic markers were monitored in enteric nerve cell cultures and the presence of varicosities was determined by applying electron microscopy to the cultures. Human colonic specimens showed immunoreactivity for synaptophysin and synaptobrevin in both myenteric and submucosal ganglia as well as in nerve fibers. Both synaptic vesicle markers co-localized with the neuronal marker PGP 9.5 and exhibited granular accumulation patterns in the human and rat ENS. In cultured rat myenteric neurons GDNF treatment promoted expression of both synaptic vesicle markers and the formation of neuronal varicosities. The regulation of synaptophysin and synaptobrevin in enteric neurons by GDNF argues for the induction of functional neuronal networks in culture characterized by an increase of synaptogenesis. PMID:24025431

  12. Entering Communities: Social Justice Oriented Disaster Response Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Goodman, Rachael D.

    2011-01-01

    Counselors need to learn how to effectively and respectfully enter into communities hit by disasters and create collaborative partnerships with community members. Using critical consciousness theory, the authors describe a humanistic, culturally responsive approach to disaster response counseling for marginalized individuals and communities and…

  13. DO FREE-RANGING COMMON NIGHTHAWKS ENTER TORPOR?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MITCHELL C. FIRMAN; R. MARK BRIGHAM; ROBERT M. R. BARCLAY

    There is conflicting evidence as to whether Common Nighthawks (Chordeiles minor) can enter torpor. The purpose of this study was to determine if torpor is used by free-ranging individuals under natural conditions. Nighthawks were monitored from June until August 1990 near Okanagan Falls, British Columbia, using temperature sensitive radio- transmitters. Record-high precipitation in 1990 apparently stressed the birds energetically by

  14. Persistence of enteric viruses within oysters (Crassostrea virginica)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    It is well known that water-borne enteric viruses are concentrated by bivalves. Why these viruses are selectively retained and remain infectious within shellfish tissues for extended periods is unknown. Our current hypothesis is that phagocytic hemocytes (blood cells) are a site of virus persiste...

  15. John Glenn: Enters Friendship 7 to Prepare for Launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1963-01-01

    John glenn entering the capsule prior to the launch of Friendship 7 From: The John Glenn Story: Summary of astronaut John Glenn's flying career, from naval aviation training to space flight. The Mercury project is featured as John Glenn flies the Friendship 7 spacecraft. President John F. Kennedy presents the NASA Distinguished service Medal to Astronaut John Glenn.

  16. THE ENTERIC SURFACE COAT ON CAT INTESTINAL MICROVILLI

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SUSUMU ITO

    2009-01-01

    The enteric microvilli of the cat, bat, and man are coated with a conspicuous layer com- posed of fine filaments radiating from the outer dense leaflet of the plasma membrane. This surface coat is prominent on the absorptive cells but is not so thick on the goblet and undifferentiated crypt cells. In other species the surface coat is poorly developed

  17. Enteral Nutrition and Phenytoin Administration in Head Trauma Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seyed Mojtaba Sohrevardi; Mehdi Ahmadi Nejad

    Background: Seizure is common after head trauma and neurosurgery. Phenytoin is the most common anti-convulsant drug used in epileptic patients and for prevention of seizure in patients with head trauma and stroke. This drug has unique pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics. Phenytoin administration along with enteral nutrition in ICU patients may be accompanied by decreased phenytoin absorption and inadequate therapeutic concentration.

  18. CONFIDENTIAL NONDISCLOSURE AGREEMENT MADE AND ENTERED INTO BY AND BETWEEN

    E-print Network

    Lewenstein, Moshe

    CONFIDENTIAL NONDISCLOSURE AGREEMENT MADE AND ENTERED INTO BY AND BETWEEN BAR-ILAN UNIVERSITY-ILAN"); and ____________________________________________________________________________ (hereinafter, "RECIPIENT"). WHEREAS: BAR-ILAN has in its possession certain confidential ideas and/or data and: __________________________________ - Prof.______________________, hereinafter "CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION"); and WHEREAS BAR-ILAN is willing

  19. IM SOCCERIM Sports ~ Spring 2014 ENTER: March 3 6

    E-print Network

    Yener, Aylin

    IM SOCCERIM Sports ~ Spring 2014 ENTER: March 3 ­ 6 instant scheduling. . . register early Sports Soccer - Travel Team members: limited to 2 players per team (roster) and are encouraged to play sport until one full year after receiving the letter. Varsity fringe group players are ineligible

  20. HABITAT DATA MAPSPROG USER'S MANUAL -131 Why enter and

    E-print Network

    DeSante, David F.

    HABITAT DATA MAPSPROG USER'S MANUAL - 131 Why enter and verify Habitat data? Assess habitat structure within your station boundary IX. HABITAT STRUCTURE ASSESSMENT DATA A. PREVIEW The Habitat Structure Assessment (HSA) data, as described in the Habitat Structure Assessment Protocol, provide

  1. Screening and Evaluating Abused and Neglected Children Entering Protective Custody.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urquiza, Anthony J.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Describes the Screening and Evaluation Project (SEP), a longitudinal study examining the range of problems in 167 children entering protective custody in Sacramento, California, for reasons of abuse or neglect. Found that 68% of the children were at risk according to one or more of the four standardized assessment instruments that measured…

  2. MECHANISM OF INACTIVATION OF ENTERIC VIRUSES IN FRESH WATER

    EPA Science Inventory

    Methods developed in the laboratory were used to measure inactivation rates of enteric viruses seeded into freshwaters from a variety of sources. All freshwater samples caused a decrease in poliovirus-1 infectivity of less than 98% within 4 days at 27 deg C. Virus inactivation wa...

  3. Dietary lactose and its effects on the disease necrotic enteritis

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Clostridium perfringens (CP) is the etiologic agent of Necrotic enteritis (NE) and is ubiquitous in nature. The incidence of NE has increased in poultry flocks that have stopped using antibiotic growth promoters. The mechanisms of colonization of CP and the factors involved in onset of NE are not ...

  4. Dental School Entering Class 2011 Majors Applied Accepted

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    Dental School Entering Class 2011 Majors Applied Accepted Total Biological Sciences: Biological, Dental, 2011, Handouts, Dental 2011 Summary 1 NUMBER OF APPLICANTS 2011 2009 2011 2009 Applied Applied Acceptance Rate 39% UCI acceptance rate AVERAGE GPA Applied Applied Accepted Accepted Category UCI National

  5. Sunlight inactivation of human enteric viruses and fecal bacteria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. s. Fujioka; B. s. Yoneyama

    Abstract Three human enteric viruses (poliovirus, echovirus, coxsackievirus) suspended in seawater or buffer were stable for 6 hr in the absence of sunlight but were inactivated at the same rate in the presence of sunlight. Under summer sunlight conditions, at least 3 logs of these viruses were inactivated by one-hit kinetics while under winter sunlight conditions only 1 log of

  6. Two cases of Campylobacter mucosalis enteritis in children.

    PubMed Central

    Figura, N; Guglielmetti, P; Zanchi, A; Partini, N; Armellini, D; Bayeli, P F; Bugnoli, M; Verdiani, S

    1993-01-01

    Two cases of Campylobacter mucosalis enteritis in children are reported. The patients recovered without antimicrobial therapy. Strains were isolated only by the feces filtration technique. In one child, bactericidal antibodies to the homologous strain were detected in a convalescent-phase serum sample. C. mucosalis should be considered a primary intestinal pathogen. PMID:8458973

  7. Enteral nutrition and cardiovascular failure: from myths to clinical practice.

    PubMed

    Berger, Mette M; Chiolero, René L

    2009-01-01

    Cardiovascular failure and low flow states may arise in very different conditions from both cardiac and noncardiac causes. Systemic hemodynamic failure inevitably alters splanchnic blood flow but in an unpredictable way. Prolonged low splanchnic blood flow causes intestinal ischemia, increased mucosal permeability, endotoxemia, and distant organ failure. Mortality associated with intestinal ischemia is high. Why would enteral nutrition (EN) be desirable in these complex patients when parenteral nutrition could easily cover energy and substrate requirements? Metabolic, immune, and practical reasons justify the use of EN. In addition, continuous enteral feeding minimizes systemic and myocardial oxygen consumption in patients with congestive heart failure. Further, early feeding in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients has been shown to reduce mortality, particularly in the sickest patients. In a series of cardiac surgery patients with compromised hemodynamics, absorption has been maintained, and 1000-1200 kcal/d could be delivered by enteral feeding. Therefore, early EN in stabilized patients should be attempted, and can be carried out safely under close clinical monitoring, looking for signs of incipient intestinal ischemia. Energy delivery and balance should be monitored, and combined feeding considered when enteral feeds cannot be advanced to target within 4-6 days. PMID:19892904

  8. Temporary feed restriction partially protects broilers from necrotic enteritis.

    PubMed

    Tsiouris, V; Georgopoulou, I; Batzios, Chr; Pappaioannou, N; Ducatelle, R; Fortomaris, P

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of feed restriction on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chicks. To induce subclinical necrotic enteritis, an experimental challenge model using a specific diet formulation, Gumboro vaccination, oral inoculation of broilers with a 10-fold dose of attenuated anticoccidial vaccine and multiple oral inoculations with a specific strain of Clostridium perfringens was adopted. Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Cobb 500 broilers were randomly allocated to four groups: feed restricted, challenged, both feed restricted and challenged, and negative control. At 21, 22, 23 and 24 days of age, the intestines, gizzard and liver were collected from 15 birds in each group and scored for gross lesions. The intestinal digesta was collected for pH and viscosity determination. One caecum from each bird was taken for microbiological analysis. The application of feed restriction in birds challenged with C. perfringens reduced the necrotic enteritis lesion score significantly (P ? 0.05) and feed restriction significantly reduced (P ? 0.05) pH in the small intestine, the viscosity of the jejunum digesta as well as the C. perfringens counts in the caeca compared with the controls. In conclusion, feed restriction of broilers has a positive effect on the intestinal ecosystem and a significant protective effect against necrotic enteritis in the subclinical experimental model. PMID:24498863

  9. IM BADMINTONIM Sports ~ Spring 2014 ENTER: March 31 April 3

    E-print Network

    Yener, Aylin

    IM BADMINTONIM Sports ~ Spring 2014 ENTER: March 31 ­ April 3 IM Office, 101 IM Bldg (8am-4:30 pm or Check) Names, Phone #'s, Email and PSU ID+Cards are required! GENERAL INFORMATION: LOCATION: All matches the following week. EQUIPMENT: Racquets and shuttles will be available with a PSU ID+CARD. RULES: Official

  10. Temporal epidemiology of microfilaraemia among migrant workers entering Kuwait

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saeed Akhtar; Hameed GHH Mohammad; Edwin Michael

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is paucity of published data on the microfilarial infection among migrants from endemic countries entering Kuwait. The primary objectives of this study were to use routine health surveillance data to i) to estimate the prevalence of microfilarial infection in migrant workers to Kuwait and ii) to determine the occurrence of any time trends in the proportions of microfilaria

  11. ABC and ABmC Entering HWMCC'08

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Brayton; Michael Case; Aaron Hurst; Alan Mishchenko

    This white paper outlines the unbounded and bounded model checkers (ABC and ABmC, respectively) entering Hardware Model Checking Competition 2008 (HWMCC'08), organized as a satellite event to the 20th International Conference on Computer-Aided Verification (CAV'08) held in Princeton, USA, on July 7-14, 2008.

  12. 46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

  13. 46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

  14. 46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

  15. 46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

  16. 46 CFR 111.81-3 - Cables entering boxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...from abrasion and must meet the following: (a) Each opening through which a conductor enters must be closed. (b) Cable armor must be secured to the box or fitting. (c) Each cable entrance in a damp or wet location must be made watertight by a...

  17. Presence of human enteric viruses in deep urban groundwater

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Enteric viruses, because of their small size, have a high potential to move deeply through the subsurface environment, penetrate aquitards, and reach confined aquifers. Until recently, few water utilities or researchers were aware of possible virus presence in deep aquifers and wells. Over the past ...

  18. Appetite signaling: From gut peptides and enteric nerves to brain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erik Näslund; Per M. Hellström

    2007-01-01

    The signaling systems underlying eating behavior control are complex. The current review focuses on gastrointestinal (GI) signaling systems as physiological key functions for metabolic control. Many of the peptides that are involved in the regulation of food intake in the brain are also found in the enteric nervous system and enteroendocrine cells of the mucosa of the GI tract. The

  19. AFRICANAMERICAN CAVALRY SOLDIERS AND THEIR MOUNTS ENTER A CORRAL BETWEEN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    AFRICAN-AMERICAN CAVALRY SOLDIERS AND THEIR MOUNTS ENTER A CORRAL BETWEEN TWO OF THE 1916 STABLES. PHOTOGRAPH IS LOOKING TO THE WEST AND WAS TAKEN IN 1928 (FORT HUACHUCA HISTORICAL MUSEUM, PHOTOGRAPH 1928.00.00.13, PHOTOGRAPHER UNIDENTIFIED, CREATED BY AND PROPERTY OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY) - Fort Huachuca, Cavalry Stables, Clarkson Road, Sierra Vista, Cochise County, AZ

  20. Factors motivating dyspepsia patients to enter clinical research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mikhail A. Rojavin; Pamela Downs; Michael A. Shetzline; Raffy Chilingerian; Marielle Cohard-Radice

    2006-01-01

    One of the most influential factors in science and medicine has been the development of placebo-controlled clinical trials. However, recruitment of patients for clinical trials is sometimes a major problem in clinical research. Successful patient recruitment may be enhanced with a clear understanding of the motivating factors that determine a patient's decision to enter a study. We have developed the

  1. STUDENTS WINTER 2014 Office use only

    E-print Network

    Hochberg, Michael

    Motorcycle Parking Permit & UPASS U-PASS Activated? Entered in D/B: With this form students enrolled at UW Bothell may request a Motorcycle Parking Permit and/or a UPASS. Any UW Bothell student, currently enrolled Permits (All fields REQUIRED to be completed by applicant): Motorcycle Make, Model and Color Motorcycle

  2. STUDENTS SPRING 2014 Office use only

    E-print Network

    Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

    Motorcycle Parking Permit & UPASS U-PASS Activated? Entered in D/B: With this form students enrolled at UW Bothell may request a Motorcycle Parking Permit and/or a UPASS. Any UW Bothell student, currently enrolled Permits (All fields REQUIRED to be completed by applicant): Motorcycle Make, Model and Color Motorcycle

  3. Summer 2013 -STUDENTS Office use only

    E-print Network

    Dunham, Maitreya

    Motorcycle Parking Permit & U-PASS U-PASS Activated? Entered in D/B: With this form students enrolled at UW Bothell may request a Motorcycle Parking Permit and/or a U-PASS. Any UW Bothell student, currently Information for Parking Permits (All fields REQUIRED to be completed by applicant): Motorcycle Make, Model

  4. Winter 2013 -STUDENTS Office use only

    E-print Network

    Queitsch, Christine

    Motorcycle Parking Permit & U-PASS U-PASS Activated? Entered in D/B: With this form students enrolled at UW Bothell may request a Motorcycle Parking Permit and/or a U-PASS. Any UW Bothell student, currently your option): Motorcycle - Not Valid for Automobiles Permit must be displayed and locked to motorcycle

  5. STUDENTS -AUTUMN 2013 Office use only

    E-print Network

    Eichler, Evan

    Motorcycle Parking Permit & UPASS U-PASS Activated? Entered in D/B: With this form students enrolled at UW Bothell may request a Motorcycle Parking Permit and/or a UPASS. Any UW Bothell student, currently enrolled Permits (All fields REQUIRED to be completed by applicant): Motorcycle Make, Model and Color Motorcycle

  6. Introducing the Action Potential to Psychology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon-Dack, Stephanie L.

    2014-01-01

    For this simple active learning technique for teaching, students are assigned "roles" and act out the process of the action potential (AP), including the firing threshold, ion-specific channels for ions to enter and leave the cell, diffusion, and the refractory period. Pre-post test results indicated that students demonstrated increased…

  7. Implications for Counselors from National Student Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ochsner, Nancy L.

    1979-01-01

    National student data reveal the inadequacies of college career counseling as students request more help earlier in their educational experience. The survey is discussed including: institutional categorization, entering college, selecting a major, suggested changes, choosing a career, changing career plans, and career counseling. (Author/MLW)

  8. Are Our Students Prepared for University?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Harriet

    2011-01-01

    The A-level curricula are not preparing students for a university education, concentrating more on knowledge than skills. However, because of aspects such as the modular design of A-levels, subject knowledge can also be lacking in students as they enter university education. Diagnostic tests in maths and literacy for first year bioscience…

  9. STUDENT HANDBOOK URBAN PLANNING AND POLICY

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    PLANNING AND POLICY COLLEGE OF URBAN PLANNING AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO . . #12 congratulate your commitment and motivation in taking on this challenge. You are entering the department for our students. By acting as a liaison between the students, faculty, and administration, we hope

  10. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF HARTNELL STUDENTS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SANDGREN, DUANE

    FOUR MAJOR STUDIES OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF HARTNELL COLLEGE STUDENTS WERE MADE DURING THE 1965-66 YEAR. (1) SCORES WERE REPORTED FOR A VARIETY OF ENTRANCE TESTS (AMERICAN COLLEGE TESTING PROGRAM, SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TEST, SCHOOL AND COLLEGE ABILITY TESTS, COOPERATIVE ENGLISH TEST, AND DAVIS READING TEST), AND A PROFILE OF THE TYPICAL ENTERING

  11. Supportive Measures: An Analysis of the Trio Program--Student Support Services at East Tennessee State University from 2001-2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strode, Christopher N.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the academic performance of the first-time, full-time, traditional-aged students in the Student Support Services program at East Tennessee State University. This was accomplished by comparing their academic performance with the academic performance of first-time, full-time, traditional-aged non-SSS…

  12. Enter TCN number here. See instructions below to complete this form.....TCN needs to be entered above

    E-print Network

    FOR SERVICE DELIVERY DELIVERY SITE CONTACT/ PHONE CONTACT PERSON/ PHONE BILLING ADDRESS (IF DIFFERENT THAN line in the Tax Information box 6. Enter the billing address if different from the delivery address. 12 to Yale University Catering Services at 432-7939. (For Medical School area, please fax to Marigolds at 737

  13. Enter your legal last name, first name, and middle initial here date of birth here Enter your preferred telephone number here

    E-print Network

    Enter your legal last name, first name, and middle initial here date of birth here Enter your one you check most often) Enter the department List the name of your service site(s) here. Please provide the full name and avoid acroymns. List the mailing address of your service site here Describe

  14. Career Development for College Students with Asperger's Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mynatt, Blair Sumner; Gibbons, Melinda M.; Hughes, Amber

    2014-01-01

    An increasing number of students with Asperger's syndrome are entering college today. Students with Asperger's syndrome face complex symptomology such as difficulty with social skills, narrowed interests, sensory issues, and lack of self-awareness that may affect their ability to complete college and successfully enter the workforce.…

  15. Re-deploying Techniques of Pastoral Power by Telling Tales on Student Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsolidis, Georgina; Pollard, Vikki

    2007-01-01

    This paper draws on interviews undertaken with second year student teachers. They describe their motivations for wishing to enter the profession and imagine the type of teacher they wish to become. These student teachers express a desire to make a difference as strong motivation for wanting to enter the profession. This is not uncharacteristic.…

  16. University Students' Conceptualization and Interpretation of Topographic Maps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Douglas; Reynolds, Stephen; Lemanowski, Vivian; Stiles, Thomas; Yasar, Senay; Proctor, Sian; Lewis, Elizabeth; Stromfors, Charlotte; Corkins, James

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the strategies and assumptions that college students entering an introductory physical geology laboratory use to interpret topographic maps, and follows the progress of the students during the laboratory to analyze changes in those strategies and assumptions. To elicit students' strategies and assumptions, we created and…

  17. Perceived Barriers to English Language Learning among International School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Timothy M.

    2010-01-01

    Each year thousands of students with limited English proficiency enter international schools around the world. This enrollment brings the challenge of meeting students' educational needs in such a way that students gain a working knowledge of the English language and are able to use that knowledge in other academic and social settings. The process…

  18. Opinions of English Major Students about Their Departments' Websites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zengin, Bugra; Arikan, Arda; Dogan, Duygu

    2011-01-01

    University websites serve as sharing information with students whether prospective or enrolled. Often, before entering their departments, students visit them to have an idea as to what it would be like to be a part of that university and/or department. In that sense, websites help students in deciding whether the university matches their…

  19. 'Do you remember the first time?' Host plant preference in a moth is modulated by experiences during larval feeding and adult mating.

    PubMed

    Proffit, Magali; Khallaf, Mohammed A; Carrasco, David; Larsson, Mattias C; Anderson, Peter

    2015-04-01

    In insects, like in other animals, experience-based modulation of preference, a form of phenotypic plasticity, is common in heterogeneous environments. However, the role of multiple fitness-relevant experiences on insect preference remains largely unexplored. For the multivoltine polyphagous moth Spodoptera littoralis we investigated effects of larval and adult experiences on subsequent reproductive behaviours. We demonstrate, for the first time in male and female insects, that mating experience on a plant modulates plant preference in subsequent reproductive behaviours, whereas exposure to the plant alone or plant together with sex pheromone does not affect this preference. When including larval feeding experiences, we found that both larval rearing and adult mating experiences modulate host plant preference. These findings represent the first evidence that host plant preferences in polyphagous insects are determined by a combination of innate preferences modulated by sensory feedback triggered by multiple rewarding experiences throughout their lifetime. PMID:25735877

  20. Identification of 1-butyl-3-(1-(4-methyl)naphtoyl)indole detected for the first time in "herbal high" products on the Italian market.

    PubMed

    Valoti, Ermanno; Casagni, Eleonora; Dell'Acqua, Lucia; Pallavicini, Marco; Roda, Gabriella; Rusconi, Chiara; Straniero, Valentina; Gambaro, Veniero

    2012-11-30

    The results of the analysis of some herbal products and powders adulterated with alkylindoles recovered on the Italian market between 2010 and 2011 are reported. Besides the well-known alkyindoles JWH-018 and JWH-073, other derivatives such as JWH-250 and AM-694 have been detected and for the first time in Italy 1-butyl-3-(1-(4-methyl)naphthoyl)indole (compound 1), the 4-methylnaphthoyl analogue of JWH-073. This compound as well as the other alkylindoles has been synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, DSC, GC/MS, and elemental analysis. The quantitative analyses of the samples have been carried out by means of the GC/FID method developed in our laboratory for the analysis of herbal high products containing naphthoylindoles; the quantity of the cannabimimetic substances ranged from 6 mg/g to 47 mg/g. PMID:22939184

  1. Evaluation of a treatment algorithm for acute traumatic osseous Bankart lesions resulting from first time dislocation of the shoulder with a two year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Studies dealing with acute osseous Bankart lesions and corresponding treatment strategies are rare. The purpose of this study is to analyze the results after applying our treatment algorithm for acute glenoid rim fractures caused by first time traumatic anterior shoulder dislocations. Methods 25 patients were included in this retrospective case series. All patients sustained a first time shoulder dislocation caused by ski or snowboard accidents. An osseous Bankart lesion was detected in all shoulders. Operative therapy was performed in patients with osseous defects of 5% or more, otherwise conservative therapy was initiated. Primary study outcome parameter was the Rowe score. Additionally, the outer rotation deficit and operative complications were analysed. Results 12 patients showed a defect size of less than 5% and were treated conservatively. The average lesion size was 2%. For these patients, the Rowe score was excellent in 58%, good in 25%, and moderate in 17% of patients. Three patients (25%) complained about a feeling of instability. 13 patients had a lesion size of more than 5%, average 15%, and were treated operatively. The Rowe score for this group was excellent in 54%, good in 31%, and moderate results in 15% of patients. One patient (8%) complained about a feeling of instability, without recurrent dislocations. There were no statistically significant differences between both study groups (ROWE score: p?=?0.98). Conclusions Applying our treatment algorithm for acute osseous Bankart lesions consisting of a conservative strategy for small defect sizes and a surgical approach for medium-sized and large defects leads to encouraging mid-term results and a low rate of recurrent instability in active patients. PMID:24160987

  2. Bursaries and Student Success: A Study of Students from Low-Income Groups at Two Institutions in the South West

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatt, Sue; Hannan, Andrew; Baxter, Arthur

    2005-01-01

    This article draws on quantitative and qualitative data from two institutions to compare the student experience of those with and without bursary awards. Using the student life cycle model, the article examines the ways in which bursaries impact on the student experience before they enter the institution, in the early weeks of their studies and as…

  3. Entering adulthood in a recession tempers later narcissism.

    PubMed

    Bianchi, Emily C

    2014-07-01

    Despite widespread interest in narcissism, relatively little is known about the conditions that encourage or dampen it. Drawing on research showing that macroenvironmental conditions in emerging adulthood can leave a lasting imprint on attitudes and behaviors, I argue that people who enter adulthood during recessions are less likely to be narcissistic later in life than those who come of age in more prosperous times. Using large samples of American adults, Studies 1 and 2 showed that people who entered adulthood during worse economic times endorsed fewer narcissistic items as older adults. Study 3 extended these findings to a behavioral manifestation of narcissism: the relative pay of CEOs. CEOs who came of age in worse economic times paid themselves less relative to other top executives in their firms. These findings suggest that macroenvironmental experiences at a critical life stage can have lasting implications for how unique, special, and deserving people believe themselves to be. PMID:24815615

  4. Enteral nutritional support of the critically ill older adult.

    PubMed

    Finoccchiaro, Darlene; Hook, Jane

    2015-01-01

    Nutrition continues to be a concern for the older adult in the intensive care setting despite widespread knowledge of the benefits of adequate nutrition and existing evidence-based protocols. The incidence of malnutrition in hospitalized patients ranges between 22% and 43% with the highest probability of occurrence, 50% or more, in the intensive care unit patient. The deleterious effects of malnutrition for the critically ill older adult are described with suggested and accepted screening tools for existing or acquired malnutrition. A discussion of early oral and enteral feeding interventions and strategies for overcoming barriers is explored. Enteral feeding complications are delineated, and perceived barriers or risks are disputed. This paper concludes with suggestions for future research and a definitive role for advanced nursing nutrition champions. PMID:26039647

  5. Dual pathways regulate neurite outgrowth in enteric ganglia.

    PubMed

    Simeone, D M; Romanchuk, G; Mulholland, M W

    1994-10-01

    Primary cultures of guinea pig myenteric plexus ganglia were used to examine the ability of agents that activate adenylate cyclase or mimic intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) to stimulate morphological growth. Dose-dependent increases in neurite length and density were produced in enteric neuronal cultures by forskolin (212% of control), cholera toxin (356% of control), or the permeant cAMP analogues 8-bromoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate and dibutyryl cAMP. (R)-p-adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate, an inhibitor of cAMP-dependent kinases, blocked the growth-promoting effects of cAMP analogues but not of nerve growth factor (NGF). Activation of cAMP-dependent signaling pathways also increased production of mRNA for alpha-tubulin and microtubule-associated protein 2. Dual pathways, regulated by NGF and cAMP-dependent protein kinases, influence growth signaling in enteric ganglia. PMID:7943337

  6. What prepares students to succeed in college physics?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Hammer

    2003-01-01

    There is an obvious answer to the question: The best way to prepare students to succeed in college physics is to expose them to the material in high school. After all, few people are able to understand the concepts the first time around. But, as we tell our students when we want them to question, for example, the idea that

  7. Nonmedical Drug Use among University Students -- 1967-1970.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dvorak, Edward J.; Rupprecht, Paul

    This report is a summary of a longitudinal study of nonmedical drug use among university students which was carried out by members of the staff of the University of Minnesota Health Service. The study was conducted in 2 phases. The subjects in the first phase of the study were students who registered for the first time at the University of…

  8. Variables that Encourage Students to Persist in Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Settle, Jim S.

    2011-01-01

    Estimating the persistence of first-time students from the first year to the second year of college is a growing social and financial concern. Studying how socioeconomic status affects year-to-year persistence may help to identify and assist those students who have socioeconomic profiles most likely to indicate challenges to year-to-year…

  9. Probiotics in Clinical Practice as Therapeutics Against Enteric Disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ouafae Karimi; A. S. Peña

    \\u000a Probiotics are useful in mild enteric disorders that are limited to the presence of individual symptoms such as diarrhoea,\\u000a constipation, and bloating. More controversial is their use in colonic diverticular disease or in one of the most common disorders,\\u000a namely the irritable bowel syndrome. With few exceptions and in a limited well defined patients’ group, no evidence exists\\u000a that probiotics

  10. Boron in the major UK rivers entering the North Sea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Colin Neal; Kay K Fox; Martin Harrow; Margaret Neal

    1998-01-01

    Boron in the major UK rivers entering the North Sea is predominantly in dissolved form and concentrations show large variations in time and space. The time-dependent feature relates to seasonal patterns linked to flow. Boron concentrations are well described by a power relationship of the type [B]=a?flowb, where a and b are constants. In this equation, the a term varies

  11. Neonatal segmental enteritis due to cow's milk allergy

    PubMed Central

    Arunachalam, Pavai; Mathai, John

    2013-01-01

    Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) typically presents with persistent diarrhea or dysentery, vomiting and bleeding per rectum in young infants. CMPA is reported to mimic Hirschsprung's disease and malrotation. We report, a neonate who presented with recurrent attacks of segmental enteritis due to CMPA and the last episode presented with signs of peritonitis. He improved dramatically after elimination of cow's milk from his diet. CMPA should be considered in artificially fed babies with surgical abdomen and atypical clinical signs and symptoms. PMID:24347869

  12. Neonatal segmental enteritis due to cow's milk allergy.

    PubMed

    Arunachalam, Pavai; Mathai, John

    2013-10-01

    Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) typically presents with persistent diarrhea or dysentery, vomiting and bleeding per rectum in young infants. CMPA is reported to mimic Hirschsprung's disease and malrotation. We report, a neonate who presented with recurrent attacks of segmental enteritis due to CMPA and the last episode presented with signs of peritonitis. He improved dramatically after elimination of cow's milk from his diet. CMPA should be considered in artificially fed babies with surgical abdomen and atypical clinical signs and symptoms. PMID:24347869

  13. 47. View of "dry air inlets" to waveguides entering scanner ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    47. View of "dry air inlets" to waveguides entering scanner building 105. Dried air is generated under pressure by Ingersoll-Rand dehumidified/dessicator and compressor system. View is at entrance from passageway that links into corner of scanner building. - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

  14. Class Entering 2012 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

    E-print Network

    Cui, Yan

    Class Entering 2012 University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Nursing - Revised 2012-1) NSG 506 Mental Health 3 (2-1) Total for Fall Term Year 1 17 (13-4) Spring NSG 601 Adult Health 7 (4-3) NSG 512 Nursing Skills Lab II 1 (0-1) NSG 508 Pediatric-Adolescent Health 3 (2-1) NSG 509 Reproductive

  15. Effects of HIV-1 Tat on Enteric Neuropathogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Ngwainmbi, Joy; De, Dipanjana D.; Smith, Tricia H.; El-Hage, Nazira; Fitting, Sylvia; Kang, Minho; Dewey, William L.; Hauser, Kurt F.

    2014-01-01

    The gastrointestinal (GI) tract presents a major site of immune modulation by HIV, resulting in significant morbidity. Most GI processes affected during HIV infection are regulated by the enteric nervous system. HIV has been identified in GI histologic specimens in up to 40% of patients, and the presence of viral proteins, including the trans-activator of transcription (Tat), has been reported in the gut indicating that HIV itself may be an indirect gut pathogen. Little is known of how Tat affects the enteric nervous system. Here we investigated the effects of the Tat protein on enteric neuronal excitability, proinflammatory cytokine release, and its overall effect on GI motility. Direct application of Tat (100 nm) increased the number of action potentials and reduced the threshold for action potential initiation in isolated myenteric neurons. This effect persisted in neurons pretreated with Tat for 3 d (19 of 20) and in neurons isolated from Tat+ (Tat-expressing) transgenic mice. Tat increased sodium channel isoforms Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 levels. This increase was accompanied by an increase in sodium current density and a leftward shift in the sodium channel activation voltage. RANTES, IL-6, and IL-1?, but not TNF-?, were enhanced by Tat. Intestinal transit and cecal water content were also significantly higher in Tat+ transgenic mice than Tat? littermates (controls). Together, these findings show that Tat has a direct and persistent effect on enteric neuronal excitability, and together with its effect on proinflammatory cytokines, regulates gut motility, thereby contributing to GI dysmotilities reported in HIV patients. PMID:25339738

  16. Enteral nutrition in intensive care patients: a practical approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Jolliet; C. Pichard; G. Biolo; R. Chioléro; G. Grimble; X. Leverve; G. Nitenberg; I. Novak; M. Planas; J.-C. Preiser; E. Roth; A.-M. Schols; J. Wernerman

    1998-01-01

    Severe protein-calorie malnutrition is a major problem in many intensive care (ICU) patients due to the increased catabolic\\u000a state often associated with acute severe illness and the frequent presence of prior chronic wasting conditions. Nutritional\\u000a support is thus an important part of the management of these patients. Over the years, enteral nutrition (EN) has gained considerable\\u000a popularity, due to its

  17. Enteric Neuronal Density Contributes to the Severity of Intestinal Inflammation

    PubMed Central

    Margolis, K.G; Karamooz, N.; Stevanovic, K.; Li, Z.S.; Ahuja, A.; D’Autréaux, F; Saurman, V.; Chalazonitis, A.; Gershon, M.D.

    2015-01-01

    Background & Aims Enteric neurons have been reported to be increased in inflamed regions of the bowel in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or intestinal neurogangliomatosis. It is impossible to determine whether this hyperinnervation predates intestinal inflammation, results from it, or contributes to its severity in humans, so we studied this process in mice. Methods To determine whether the density of enteric neurons determines the severity of inflammation, we studied transgenic mice that have greater-than-normal (Hand2+/? mice) or fewer-than-normal (NSE-noggin mice, which overexpress noggin under the control of the neuron-specific enolase promoter) numbers of neurons in the enteric nervous system (ENS). Colitis was induced with trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid or dextran sulfate sodium and the intensity of the resulting inflammation in Hand2+/? and NSE-noggin mice was compared with that of wild-type littermates. Results Severity of each form of colitis (based on survival, symptom, and histologic scores; intestinal expression of genes that encode proinflammatory molecules; and levels of neutrophil elastase and p50 NF- Hand2+/? mice and significantly increased in NSE-noggin animals. Neither mouse differed from wild-type in the severity of delayed-type hypersensitivity (edema, T-cell and neutrophil infiltration, or expression of interleukin- - - -dinitro-1-fluorobenzene. Transgene effects on inflammation were therefore restricted to the gastrointestinal tract. Conclusion The severity of intestinal inflammation is associated with the density of the enteric innervation in mice. Abnormalities in ENS development might therefore contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD. PMID:21635893

  18. Neurotrophin3 in the development of the enteric nervous system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alcmène Chalazonitis

    2004-01-01

    To date, the only neurotrophin that has been shown to influence the development of the enteric nervous system (ENS) is neurotrophin-3 (NT-3). NT-3 plays an essential role in the development of both the neural-crest-derived peripheral nervous system and the central nervous system (i.e., Chalazonitis, 1996, Mol. Neurobiol., 12: 39–53; Sieber-Blum, 1999, Neurotrophins and the Neural Crest, CRC Press, Boca Raton).

  19. An observational study to evaluate micronutrient status during enteral feeding

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, T; Janes, S; MacDonald, A; Elia, M; Booth, I

    2002-01-01

    Background: There are few data on the optimal micronutrient composition of paediatric enteral feeds. The recent European Directive on Foods for Special Medical Purposes (1999/21/EC) did not distinguish between the composition of adult and paediatric feeds. Aims: To evaluate, in an open, observational study, the long term nutritional biochemistry of 12 children aged 1–6 years and/or 8–20 kg. Methods: The children were receiving at least 50% of their estimated average requirement (EAR) for energy from paediatric enteral formulae: 1.0 kcal/ml (Nutrison Paediatric Standard) or 1.5 kcal/ml (Nutrison Paediatric Energy Plus). Venous blood samples for trace elements, vitamins, and minerals were taken at study entry and six months later. Parents kept three day food and feed records every month. Results: Despite a median energy intake of only 75% EAR (range 52–158%), 67% (n = 8) achieved their reference nutrient intake (RNI) for all micronutrients. No significant micronutrient deficiencies were seen on blood analysis after six months. Eighty three per cent (n = 10) had vitamin B12 and 92% (n = 11) had copper intake >150% RNI. Fifty eight per cent (n = 7) had high plasma B12 (>733 µmol/l) and 75% (n = 9) had high serum copper (>22 µmol/l) concentrations. Conclusions: Children without excess losses maintain adequate micronutrient status on long term enteral feeding. Subjects had high blood concentrations of vitamin B12 and copper, and had high dietary intakes of these micronutrients. We suggest that the maximum nutrient guidelines for paediatric enteral feeds should be more clearly defined. PMID:12023170

  20. Impact of supplemented enteral nutrition in patients with multiple trauma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Bastian; A. Weimann; W. Bischoff; P. N. Meier; M. Grotz; C. Stan; G. Regel

    1998-01-01

    Summary  \\u000a Previous studies in critically ill patients have shown the beneficial effects of early enteral nutrition supplemented with\\u000a arginine, omega-3 fatty acids and nucleotides (Impact) on immunological response, infection rate and length of stay in hospital.\\u000a No specific data exist for patients with severe multiple injury, who represent a high risk group for systemic inflammatory\\u000a response syndrome (SIRS), septic complications