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1

Nuclear power fleets and uranium resources recovered from phosphates  

SciTech Connect

Current light water reactors (LWR) burn fissile uranium, whereas some future reactors, as Sodium fast reactors (SFR) will be capable of recycling their own plutonium and already-extracted depleted uranium. This makes them a feasible solution for the sustainable development of nuclear energy. Nonetheless, a sufficient quantity of plutonium is needed to start up an SFR, with the plutonium already being produced in light water reactors. The availability of natural uranium therefore has a direct impact on the capacity of the reactors (both LWR and SFR) that we can build. It is therefore important to have an accurate estimate of the available uranium resources in order to plan for the world's future nuclear reactor fleet. This paper discusses the correspondence between the resources (uranium and plutonium) and the nuclear power demand. Sodium fast reactors will be built in line with the availability of plutonium, including fast breeders when necessary. Different assumptions on the global uranium resources are taken into consideration. The largely quoted estimate of 22 Mt of uranium recovered for phosphate rocks can be seriously downscaled. Based on our current knowledge of phosphate resources, 4 Mt of recoverable uranium already seems to be an upper bound value. The impact of the downscaled estimate on the deployment of a nuclear fleet is assessed accordingly. (authors)

Gabriel, S.; Baschwitz, A.; Mathonniere, G. [CEA, DEN/DANS/I-tese, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

2013-07-01

2

Barium enema  

MedlinePLUS

Barium enema is a special x-ray of the large intestine, which includes the colon and rectum. ... to a bag that holds a liquid containing barium sulfate. This is a contrast material that highlights ...

3

Barium enema (image)  

MedlinePLUS

A barium enema is performed to examine the walls of the colon. During the procedure, a well lubricated enema tube is inserted gently into the rectum. The barium, a radiopaque (shows up on X-ray) contrast ...

4

A Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing Low-Dose Oral Sodium Phosphate Plus Stimulant Laxatives with Large Volume Polyethylene Glycol Solution for Colon Cleansing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether the combination of a single dose (45 ml) oral sodium phosphate (NaP), four bisacodyl tablets (5 mg), and one bisacodyl enema (10 mg) preparation, Fleet Prep Kit 3 (FPK #3), was better tolerated and more efficacious than 4 L polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) for colonic cleansing prior to colonoscopy. One hundred and seventy-one patients were enrolled

Lawrence C Hookey; William T Depew; Stephen J Vanner

2004-01-01

5

21 CFR 876.5210 - Enema kit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5210 Enema kit. (a) Identification. An enema kit is a device...

2010-04-01

6

21 CFR 876.5210 - Enema kit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5210 Enema kit. (a) Identification. An enema kit is a device...

2012-04-01

7

21 CFR 876.5210 - Enema kit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5210 Enema kit. (a) Identification. An enema kit is a device...

2011-04-01

8

21 CFR 876.5210 - Enema kit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5210 Enema kit. (a) Identification. An enema kit is a device...

2014-04-01

9

21 CFR 876.5210 - Enema kit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5210 Enema kit. (a) Identification. An enema kit is a device...

2013-04-01

10

The malone antegrade continence enema  

Microsoft Academic Search

The previously reported Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) was used in 21 children for intractable fecal incontinence or constipation. Twelve are completely clean, and three are much improved (71% success rate). However, only four of the 21 have not had some type of complication, either minor or major. Five of the 21 now have a colostomy, and one has abandoned

D. M Griffiths; P. S Malone

1995-01-01

11

Antegrade continence enema (ACE): current practice.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess current status of antegrade continence enema (ACE) procedure taking into account the recent improvement in the technique and outcome. Reviewing our record of 48 patients with ACE procedure performed between January 2002 and May 2007, we found that the underlying diagnoses were idiopathic constipation in 56%, anorectal malformation in 31%, spina bifida in 8% and Hirschsprung's disease in 4%. Mean age of operation was 10.7 years. Appendix was used as stoma in 73% of cases. Stomal stenosis requiring revision was seen in 6% of cases and continence was achieved in 92% of cases. A systematic search of database was performed for the same period. Twenty-four studies describing 676 patients were found. The mean age was 10 years and various sites used for ACE were, right side of abdomen in 71%, umbilicus in 15% and left side of abdomen in 14%. The incidence of open and laparoscopic procedures were 87 and 13%, respectively. Appendix was used for stoma in 76% procedures. Other operative modalities were retubularised colon, retubularised ileum, caecal button and caecostomy tube, etc. The mean volume of enema fluid used was 516 ml. The mean evacuation time was 42 min. Stomal stenosis requiring revision was seen in 13% of cases. Continence was achieved in 93% of cases. There has been significant improvement in the outcome during last 5 years in comparison to the outcome published in late 1990s. Advancements in techniques, better-trained stoma care nurses and better stoma appliances could have played major role in this success. PMID:18408942

Sinha, Chandrasen Kumar; Grewal, Alka; Ward, Harry C

2008-06-01

12

Improvement in neurogenic bladder after the antegrade continence enema procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A child with neurogenic bladder and bowel underwent an antegrade continence enema procedure for fecal incontinence and severe constipation. She subsequently demonstrated an improvement in her neurogenic bladder and urinary incontinence.

Jacqueline Gividen; John G Van Savage

2002-01-01

13

Tapered terminal ileum conduit for antegrade continence enemas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Antegrade continence enemas can be used to control fecal incontinence caused by neurogenic bowel. Creating a conduit can become\\u000a a problem when the appendix is unsuitable for use. This paper describes a procedure using a tapered terminal ileum conduit\\u000a for use with antegrade continence enemas in place of the appendix. This procedure has been attempted and successfully completed\\u000a on two

Gregory A. Surfield; David A. Andrews

2005-01-01

14

Comparative trial of sodium cromoglycate enemas with prednisolone enemas in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.  

PubMed Central

A double blind multicentre study comparing sodium cromoglycate (600 mg/100 ml) by enema with prednisolone (20 mg/100 ml) by enema is reported. The study was conducted over a nine week period in the treatment of 70 patients with ulcerative colitis. Analysis of symptoms showed significant decreases in scores for patients in both groups, both at four and eight weeks; the only difference between the two groups was a significantly greater improvement in the reduction of rectal bleeding after four weeks in the prednisolone group. On sigmoidoscopy, both treatment groups showed a highly significant improvement after four and eight weeks with no significant differences being seen between the groups. Histology of the rectal biopsies showed a significant improvement in the inflammation of the mucosa for both treatment groups after four and eight weeks with no differences being observed between the groups. There were no significant changes in eosinophils from baseline and no difference between the groups at four and eight weeks. PMID:3102323

Grace, R H; Gent, A E; Hellier, M D

1987-01-01

15

21 CFR 201.304 - Tannic acid and barium enema preparations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. 201...Specific Drug Products § 201.304 Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. (a) It has become a widespread practice for tannic acid to be added to barium enemas to...

2011-04-01

16

21 CFR 201.304 - Tannic acid and barium enema preparations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. 201...Specific Drug Products § 201.304 Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. (a) It has become a widespread practice for tannic acid to be added to barium enemas to...

2010-04-01

17

21 CFR 201.304 - Tannic acid and barium enema preparations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. 201.304 Section...Products § 201.304 Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. (a) It has...practice for tannic acid to be added to barium enemas to improve X-ray...

2014-04-01

18

21 CFR 201.304 - Tannic acid and barium enema preparations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. 201.304 Section...Products § 201.304 Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. (a) It has...practice for tannic acid to be added to barium enemas to improve X-ray...

2013-04-01

19

21 CFR 201.304 - Tannic acid and barium enema preparations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. 201.304 Section...Products § 201.304 Tannic acid and barium enema preparations. (a) It has...practice for tannic acid to be added to barium enemas to improve X-ray...

2012-04-01

20

Fleet management ................................................2 LRRB UPDATE  

E-print Network

EQUIPMENT Fleet management ................................................2 LRRB UPDATE OPERA-effective fleet capital equipment program (CEP) is a fundamental part of delivering quality and sustainable public, Dakota County fleet manager Kevin Schlangen discussed the basics of how Dakota County has created

Minnesota, University of

21

Durability of the Malone antegrade continence enema in pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) is a therapeutic option to treat chronic constipation and fecal incontinence in patients with neurogenic bowel. Previous reports have described the short-term success of this procedure, but no report has described the durability of the procedure during pregnancy. We present the case of a spinal cord injury patient who underwent an uncomplicated pregnancy after

Francis J Wren; Carl T Reese; Ross M Decter

2003-01-01

22

Fleet DNA (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The Fleet DNA project objectives include capturing and quantifying drive cycle and technology variation for the multitude of medium- and heavy-duty vocations; providing a common data storage warehouse for medium- and heavy-duty vehicle fleet data across DOE activities and laboratories; and integrating existing DOE tools, models, and analyses to provide data-driven decision making capabilities. Fleet DNA advantages include: for Government - providing in-use data for standard drive cycle development, R&D, tech targets, and rule making; for OEMs - real-world usage datasets provide concrete examples of customer use profiles; for fleets - vocational datasets help illustrate how to maximize return on technology investments; for Funding Agencies - ways are revealed to optimize the impact of financial incentive offers; and for researchers -a data source is provided for modeling and simulation.

Walkokwicz, K.; Duran, A.

2014-06-01

23

Retrograde spread of 5-aminosalicylic acid enemas in patients with active ulcerative colitis  

SciTech Connect

In an attempt to know the exact retrograde spread of high-dosage 5-aminosalicylic acid enemas, we have studied eight patients with active left-sided colitis, by adding a small amount of barium sulfate to the enemas and by checking the spread radiologically after 15 minutes, 1 hour, and 6 hours. Four grams of 5-aminosalicylic acid in 100-ml enemas and 4 gm in 200-ml enemas were used. The same experiment was repeated in a subsequent attack, with enemas labeled with technetium-99m and checked by scintiscans in five of these patients. We always have observed a volume-dependent spread of enemas but, interestingly, in the patients studied with technetium-99m there was always a wider spread than that which was detected with barium enemas. In all five patients, 100-ml enemas reached the splenic flexure. In two patients with total colitis, a progression of 100-ml technetium-99m enemas was performed in the transverse colon, but the maximum opacity remained in the left side. We can conclude that 4 gm of 5-aminosalicylic acid in 100-ml enemas can be suitable for treating patients with left-sided colitis, and will represent a valid addition for patients with more extensive colitis.

Campieri, M.; Lanfranchi, G.A.; Brignola, C.; Bazzocchi, G.; Gionchetti, P.; Minguzzi, M.R.; Cappello, I.P.; Corbelli, C.; Boschi, S.

1986-02-01

24

NORTHERN VICTOR FLEET COOPERATIVE  

E-print Network

FINAL NORTHERN VICTOR FLEET COOPERATIVE 2008 REPORT TO THE NORTH PACIFIC Vessel AFA Permit Number Evening Star, Inc. American Eagle 434 Evening Star, Inc. Anita J 1913 James & Sandra Schones Collier Brothers 2791 Evening Star, Inc. Commodore 2657 Excalibur II, LLC

25

Self-Administered Ethanol Enema Causing Accidental Death  

PubMed Central

Excessive ethanol consumption is a leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Much of the harm from ethanol comes from those who engage in excessive or hazardous drinking. Rectal absorption of ethanol bypasses the first pass metabolic effect, allowing for a higher concentration of blood ethanol to occur for a given volume of solution and, consequently, greater potential for central nervous system depression. However, accidental death is extremely rare with rectal administration. This case report describes an individual with klismaphilia whose death resulted from acute ethanol intoxication by rectal absorption of a wine enema. PMID:25436159

Peterson, Thomas; Rentmeester, Landen; Judge, Bryan S.; Cohle, Stephen D.; Jones, Jeffrey S.

2014-01-01

26

The Malone Antegrade Continence Enema for Neurogenic and Structural Fecal Incontinence and Constipation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problems of fecal elimination are commonly encountered by the pediatric urologist and surgeon. The Malone antegrade continence enema has been described as a means to administer a large volume enema via a continent catheterizable appendicocecostomy, resulting in reliable fecal elimination. Of 22 patients undergoing this procedure 16 reported total continence 4 months or longer after surgery. Complications are relatively minor

Martin A. Koyle; Devonna M. Kaji; Manuel Duque; Jodi Wild

1995-01-01

27

Coffee Enema for Preparation for Small Bowel Video Capsule Endoscopy: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Coffee enemas are believed to cause dilatation of bile ducts and excretion of bile through the colon wall. Proponents of coffee enemas claim that the cafestol palmitate in coffee enhances the activity of glutathione S-transferase, an enzyme that stimulates bile excretion. During video capsule endoscopy (VCE), excreted bile is one of the causes of poor preparation of the small bowel. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effect of coffee enema for preparation of the small bowel during VCE. In this pilot study, 17 of 34 patients were assigned to the coffee enema plus polyethylene glycol (PEG) 2 L ingestion group, whereas the 17 remaining control patients received 2 L of PEG only. The quality of bowel preparation was evaluated in the two patient groups. Bowel preparations in the proximal segments of small bowel were not differ between two groups. In the mid and distal segments of the small intestine, bowel preparations tend to be better in patients who received coffee enemas plus PEG than in patients who received PEG only. The coffee enema group did not experience any complications or side effects. Coffee enemas may be a feasible option, and there were no clinically significant adverse events related to coffee enemas. More prospective randomized studies are warranted to improve small bowel preparation for VCE. PMID:25136541

Kim, Eun Sun; Keum, Bora; Seo, Yeon Seok; Jeen, Yoon Tae; Lee, Hong Sik; Um, Soon Ho; Kim, Chang Duck; Ryu, Ho Sang

2014-01-01

28

Relative sensitivity of colonoscopy and barium enema for detection of colorectal cancer in clinical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relative sensitivities of barium enema and colonoscopy for colorectal cancer are still debated. The aim of this study was to determine the relative sensitivity of barium enema and colonoscopy in general clinical practice. METHODS: Medical records of 2193 consecutive colorectal cancer cases identified in 20 central Indiana hospitals were reviewed. All procedures performed within 3 years

DK Rex; EY Rahmani; JH Haseman; GT Lemmel; S Kaster; JS Buckley

1997-01-01

29

[A case of ischemic colitis presenting as bloody diarrhea after normal saline enema].  

PubMed

Ischemic colitis is a frequent disorder of large bowel in elderly persons or in debilitated patients with a variable underlying medical problems. Ischemic colitis may result from alterations in the systemic circulation or anatomic or functional changes in the local mesenteric vasculature. In most cases, no specific cause for the ischemic colitis is identified. Cases of ischemic colitis after enema for bowel cleansing have been rarely reported, but there has been no case report after normal saline enema. We report a case of ischemic colitis in a 72-year old patient with well-controlled hypertension, presenting as bloody diarrhea which developed after normal saline enema for preoperative bowel cleansing. PMID:17928757

Park, Ji Eun; Moon, Won; Nam, Ji Hyun; Kim, Nang Hee; Kim, Sung Hoon; Park, Moo In; Park, Seun Ja; Kim, Kyu Jong

2007-08-01

30

30 CFR 57.19037 - Fleet angles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fleet angles. 57.19037 Section 57.19037 Mineral Resources...Hoisting Headframes and Sheaves § 57.19037 Fleet angles. Fleet angles on hoists installed after November 15, 1979,...

2011-07-01

31

30 CFR 56.19037 - Fleet angles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fleet angles. 56.19037 Section 56.19037 Mineral Resources...Hoisting Headframes and Sheaves § 56.19037 Fleet angles. Fleet angles on hoists installed after November 15, 1979,...

2011-07-01

32

Cask fleet operations study  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 assigned to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Waste Management the responsibility for disposing of high-level waste and spent fuel. A significant part of that responsibility involves transporting nuclear waste materials within the federal waste management system; that is, from the waste generator to the repository. The lead responsibility for transportation operations has been assigned to Oak Ridge Operations, with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) providing technical support through the Transportation Operations Support Task Group. One of the ORNL support activities involves assessing what facilities, equipment and services are required to assure that an acceptable, cost-effective and safe transportation operations system can be designed, operated and maintained. This study reviews, surveys and assesses the experience of Nuclear Assurance Corporation (NAC) in operating a fleet of spent-fuel shipping casks to aid in developing the spent-fuel transportation system.

Not Available

1988-01-01

33

The use of water-soluble contrast enemas in the diagnosis of acute lower left quadrant peritonitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional work-up of patients with lower left quadrant peritonitis often includes the eventual use of barium-enema radiography.\\u000a Diagnosis is usually delayed until adequate patient stabilization allows diagnostic contrast enemas. Delay of accurate diagnosis\\u000a may, at times, have serious clinical sequelae. The use of barium enema in acute lower left quadrant peritonitis has both theoretic\\u000a and actual disadvantages. These include

L. Gottesman; S. J. Zevon; G. W. Brabbee; T. Dailey; W. A. Wichern

1984-01-01

34

The antegrade continence enema procedure and total anorectal reconstruction  

PubMed Central

Patients may present with anal incontinence (AI) following repair of a congenital anorectal anomaly years previously, or require total anorectal reconstruction (TAR) following radical rectal extirpation, most commonly for rectal cancer. Others may require removal of their colostomy following sphincter excision for Fournier's gangrene, or in cases of severe perineal trauma. Most of the data pertaining to antegrade continence enema (the ACE or Malone procedure) comes from the pediatric literature in the management of children with AI, but also with supervening chronic constipation, where the quality of life and compliance with this technique appears superior to retrograde colonic washouts. Total anorectal reconstruction requires an anatomical or physical supplement to the performance of a perineal colostomy, which may include an extrinsic muscle interposition (which may or may not be ‘dynamized'), construction of a neorectal reservoir, implantation of an incremental artificial bowel sphincter or creation of a terminal, smooth-muscle neosphincter. The advantages and disadvantages of these techniques and their outcome are presented here. PMID:24759342

Zbar, Andrew P.

2014-01-01

35

Bile acid absorption from ileoanal pouches using enema scintigraphy.  

PubMed

It is unclear whether bile acid absorption is affected by ileoanal pouch construction. Bile acid absorption was measured in the abdomen of 16 patients with pouches (nine with good and seven with poor pouch function based on a clinical score) and in six patients with an end ileostomy using a radiolabelled synthetic bile acid (75SeHCAT) enema and dynamic scintigraphy. The median (interquartile range) 75SeHCAT absorption was 81 (79-87) per cent in patients with ileostomy, 46 (43-53) per cent in patients having well functioning pouches, and 24 (18-38) per cent in the group with poor pouch function (P < 0.01). Log transformation of the absorption curves revealed a two-component uptake (fast component t1/2 = 1.4-7.2 min; slow component t1/2 = 16-144 min) in all patients with ileostomy, in eight of nine patients with pouches with good function, and in one of seven patients with a poorly functioning pouch (P < 0.05); in the other six patients with poorly functioning pouches, only the slow component of absorption was present. This test showed significantly reduced bile acid absorption in patients with an ileoanal pouch and gave an objective discrimination between well and poorly functioning pouches. PMID:7613929

Bain, I M; Mostafa, A B; Harding, L K; Neoptolemos, J P; Keighley, M R

1995-05-01

36

Quantitative distribution of radiolabeled 5-aminosalicylic acid enemas in patients with left-sided ulcerative colitis  

SciTech Connect

Rectally administered suspensions of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) are topically effective in treating left-sided ulcerative colitis. The extent to which the contents of these enemas are distributed to inflamed mucosal linings has not previously been determined. This study was undertaken to validate a technique for labeling 5-ASA with 99mTc and to quantitate the distribution of (99mTc)5-ASA in eight patients with left-sided ulcerative colitis. Eight patients underwent three colonic scintigraphic exams within five days, receiving a 60-ml radiolabeled 5-ASA enema into the unprepared rectum for each study, with sequential anterior abdominal images obtained for 4 hr. Activity within the rectum, sigmoid, descending, transverse, and ascending colon was quantitated. Over 50% of the labeled enema had advanced beyond the rectum in five of eight patients and in six of eight patients by 30 min and 60 min, respectively. The distribution of (99mTc)5-ASA was quantitatively reproducible when repeated in the same patient on different days, despite apparent visual differences. By 2 hr, the amount of the enema present within the rectum decreased significantly (P less than 0.05) compared to the initial distribution. The amount of enema present within the descending colon was increased significantly at 0.5 hr (P less than 0.05) and at 2 hr (P less than 0.01). There were no significant changes in the distribution from initial values for the sigmoid, transverse, or ascending colon at any time. In each of these cases the spread of the enema to or beyond the extent of disease was documented. In patients with left-sided ulcerative colitis, small volume (99mTc)5-ASA enemas reliably reach the area of inflammation.

Vitti, R.A.; Meyers, F.; Knight, L.C.; Siegel, J.A.; Malmud, L.S.; Fisher, R.S. (Temple Univ. Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (USA))

1989-11-01

37

Fleet DNA Project (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The Fleet DNA Project - designed by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory - aims to accelerate the evolution of advanced vehicle development and support the strategic deployment of market-ready technologies that reduce costs, fuel consumption, and emissions. At the heart of the Fleet DNA Project is a clearinghouse of medium- and heavy-duty commercial fleet transportation data for optimizing the design of advanced vehicle technologies or for selecting a given technology to invest in. An easy-to-access online database will help vehicle manufacturers and fleets understand the broad operational range for many of today's commercial vehicle vocations.

Not Available

2012-10-01

38

A novel tableted purgative for colonoscopic preparation: Efficacy and safety comparisons with Colyte and Fleet Phospho-Soda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Currently available aqueous purgatives used before colonoscopy are poorly tolerated. We designed a tableted sodium phosphate purge that we believe will yield much greater patient acceptance. Methods: A total of 305 outpatients undergoing routine diagnostic colonoscopy were randomized to one of three preparation groups: Colyte (100 patients), Fleet Phospho-Soda (106 patients), or sodium phosphate tablets (99 patients). Endoscopists were

Craig A Aronchick; William H Lipshutz; Scott H Wright; Francis Dufrayne; Garrett Bergman

2000-01-01

39

DETECTION OF SMALL LESIONS OF THE LARGE BOWEL—Barium Enema Versus Double Contrast  

PubMed Central

Roentgen study with the so-called opaque barium enema with some modifications is superior to double contrast study as the primary means of demonstrating polyps in the colon as well as other lesions. The method described combines fluoroscopy, high kilovoltage radiography, fluoroscopically aimed “spot films” taken with compression, suction and evacuation studies. In this way unsuspected as well as suspected polyps can be demonstrated, particularly if attention is directed to the region where polyps are most likely to be found—namely, the distal third of the large bowel. Double contrast study is quite valuable as a supplement to the modified “single contrast” barium enema, but it has not been sufficiently perfected to replace the modified opaque barium enema as a primary procedure. In many instances a combination of methods will, of course, be required. PMID:13209360

Robinson, J. Maurice

1954-01-01

40

Development of In Situ Gelling and Bio Adhesive 5-Fluorouracil Enema  

PubMed Central

In this study, a novel 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) enema with good bio adhesion and temperature sensitivity was developed using in situ gelling technology. The preparation was formulated as a free-flowing liquid before use, while a layer of gel film was quickly formed when administered in the rectum, with a large contact surface area. It also demonstrated good biocompatibility, appropriate gel strength and bio adhesive force with excellent adhesion to rectal mucosa and prolonged action time, allowing more effective drug absorption and diffusion to surrounding tissues. Poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 were applied to adjust the gelling temperature. With the addition of carbopol and polycarbophil (bio adhesive substances), the solubility of 5-FU and gel strength increased, the temperature of gelation and the surface area of drug contact on mucous epithelium decreased. Decreased adhesive force between the preparation and the mucous membrane of the rectum was demonstrated with improving carbopol and polycarbophil’s concentration. In vitro release demonstrated that 5-FU in situ gelling enema with different bases had a rapid and almost complete drug release. We used an optimized formulation of P407/P188/polycarbophil/5-FU (17/2.5/0.2/1.0) for animal experiments. The result showed that the drug evenly covered the surface of the rectum and there was no leakage in 6 hours. The in situ gelling enema showed significantly higher rectal tissue levels of 5-FU compared with suppository and intravenous administration, indicating that 5-FU could be well absorbed due to the enlarged releasing area, longer retention time and larger amount of dissolved active ingredients. Systemically, 5-FU levels in the enema group were similar to those in the suppository group and significantly lower than the intravenous group. The enema was not associated with morphological damage to rectal tissue. These results suggest that the bio adhesive and in situ gelling enema could be a more effective rectal delivery system of 5-FU. PMID:23976976

Wang, Lu-Lu; Zheng, Wen-Sheng; Chen, Shao-Hua; Fang, Xia-Qin

2013-01-01

41

Fleet Assignment Using Collective Intelligence  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Product distribution theory is a new collective intelligence-based framework for analyzing and controlling distributed systems. Its usefulness in distributed stochastic optimization is illustrated here through an airline fleet assignment problem. This problem involves the allocation of aircraft to a set of flights legs in order to meet passenger demand, while satisfying a variety of linear and non-linear constraints. Over the course of the day, the routing of each aircraft is determined in order to minimize the number of required flights for a given fleet. The associated flow continuity and aircraft count constraints have led researchers to focus on obtaining quasi-optimal solutions, especially at larger scales. In this paper, the authors propose the application of this new stochastic optimization algorithm to a non-linear objective cold start fleet assignment problem. Results show that the optimizer can successfully solve such highly-constrained problems (130 variables, 184 constraints).

Antoine, Nicolas E.; Bieniawski, Stefan R.; Kroo, Ilan M.; Wolpert, David H.

2004-01-01

42

Fleet Assignment Using Collective Intelligence  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Airline fleet assignment involves the allocation of aircraft to a set of flights legs in order to meet passenger demand, while satisfying a variety of constraints. Over the course of the day, the routing of each aircraft is determined in order to minimize the number of required flights for a given fleet. The associated flow continuity and aircraft count constraints have led researchers to focus on obtaining quasi-optimal solutions, especially at larger scales. In this paper, the authors propose the application of an agent-based integer optimization algorithm to a "cold start" fleet assignment problem. Results show that the optimizer can successfully solve such highly- constrained problems (129 variables, 184 constraints).

Antoine, Nicolas E.; Bieniawski, Stefan R.; Kroo, Ilan M.; Wolpert, David H.

2004-01-01

43

National Clean Fleets Partnership (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Clean Cities' National Clean Fleets Partnership establishes strategic alliances with large fleets to help them explore and adopt alternative fuels and fuel economy measures to cut petroleum use. The initiative leverages the strength of nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions, nearly 18,000 stakeholders, and more than 20 years of experience. It provides fleets with top-level support, technical assistance, robust tools and resources, and public acknowledgement to help meet and celebrate fleets' petroleum-use reductions.

Not Available

2014-01-01

44

The Malone antegrade continence enema combined with urinary diversion in adult neurogenic patients: early results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Patients with neurogenic voiding dysfunction often have coexisting neurogenic bowel problems. Impaired bowel evacuation is a cause of major morbidity and impaired lifestyle for these patients. The Malone antegrade continence enema (ACE) performed synchronously with a urinary continence procedure has been successful in pediatric patients. We report early experience combining the ACE with a urinary continence procedure in adult

Joel M. H. Teichman; Vince J. Rogenes; Douglas B. Barber

1997-01-01

45

Use of Malone Antegrade Continence Enema in Patients With Perineal Colostomy After Rectal Resection  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE  Abdominoperineal resection, with iliac colostomy, remains the gold standard treatment for very low-lying rectal cancer, but it alters patients quality of life. Alternatives to iliac colostomy need to be experimented. Antegrade enemas via a cecal access (Malone operation) obtains a colonic emptying and improves continence for incontinent patients. Continence and quality of life after abdominoperineal resection and perineal colostomy associated

Guillaume Portier; Nicolas Bonhomme; Ivan Platonoff; Frank Lazorthes

2005-01-01

46

Comparison of bismuth citrate and 5-aminosalicylic acid enemas in distal ulcerative colitis: a controlled trial.  

PubMed Central

An enema that contained a complex of bismuth citrate and polyacrylate was compared with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) enemas for treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. The multicentre trial involving 63 patients was randomised and double blind with enemas given over four weeks; clinical, sigmoidoscopic, and histological assessments were made. Improvements were seen in both treatment groups. Clinical remission was seen in 18 of 32 patients treated with 5-ASA and 12 of 31 patients treated with bismuth citrate-carbomer (chi 2 1.94; p = 0.16). Sigmoidoscopic remission occurred in 20 of 32 patients in the 5-ASA group and 15 of 31 patients given bismuth (chi 2 1.27; p = 0.26). Improvement of rectal biopsy histology by at least one grade was seen in 16 of 32 patients in the 5-ASA group and 14 of 31 patients with bismuth (chi 2 0.15; p = 0.70). Analysis of covariance gave no significant difference between groups, although there was a trend favouring 5-ASA. There was no evidence of bismuth accumulation during the trial. Bismuth enemas may offer a new therapeutic option in distal ulcerative colitis. PMID:8504970

Pullan, R D; Ganesh, S; Mani, V; Morris, J; Evans, B K; Williams, G T; Rhodes, J

1993-01-01

47

National Clean Fleets Partnership (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Provides an overview of Clean Cities National Clean Fleets Partnership (NCFP). The NCFP is open to large private-sector companies that have fleet operations in multiple states. Companies that join the partnership receive customized assistance to reduce petroleum use through increased efficiency and use of alternative fuels. This initiative provides fleets with specialized resources, expertise, and support to successfully incorporate alternative fuels and fuel-saving measures into their operations. The National Clean Fleets Partnership builds on the established success of DOE's Clean Cities program, which reduces petroleum consumption at the community level through a nationwide network of coalitions that work with local stakeholders. Developed with input from fleet managers, industry representatives, and Clean Cities coordinators, the National Clean Fleets Partnership goes one step further by working with large private-sector fleets.

Not Available

2012-01-01

48

Final Report Mothership Fleet Cooperative  

E-print Network

.L.C. American Beauty 6.000% Pacific Dawn Pacific Challenger 9.671% Fury Group, Inc. Nordic Fury Pacific Fury 6.177% 5.889% Great West Seafoods, Ltd. Margaret Lyn 5.643% Katahdin, Inc. Misty Dawn 3.569% King and Winge.272% Western Dawn L.L.C. Western Dawn 4.150% TOTAL 100% Term of the Mothership Fleet Cooperative Membership

49

A cask fleet operations study  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the cask fleet currently available to transport spent nuclear fuels. The report describes the proposed operational procedures for these casks and the vehicles intended to transport them. Included are techniques for loading the cask, lifting it onto the transport vehicle, preparing the invoices, and unloading the cask at the destination. The document concludes with a discussion on the maintenance and repair of the casks. (tem) 29 figs.

Not Available

1988-03-01

50

[A case of hepatic encephalopathy successfully treated by antegrade glycerin enema through percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy].  

PubMed

A 76-year-old man with liver cirrhosis, a chronic defecation disorder and a refractory hepatic encephalopathy was hospitalized for the hepatic encephalopathy. The encephalopathy quickly improved upon treatment, but a high level of serum ammonia persisted. We inserted a percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy at the cecum and an antegrade glycerin enema through it to treat the chronic defecation disorder, which was a deteriorative factor of the hepatic encephalopathy. After the aforementioned procedure, the chronic defecation disorder improved and the serum ammonia level dramatically decreased. The patient continued the antegrade glycerin enema at home, and serum ammonia values remained low in comparison to levels measured prior to the administration of treatment. The subject has not experienced a recurrence of hepatic encephalopathy. PMID:18176043

Tomikashi, Koichi; Nomura, Yuh; Miyawaki, Kiichiro; Shimada, Ayumi; Kanemitsu, Daisuke; Takashima, Hidetaka; Abe, Mitsumasa

2008-01-01

51

Failure of 5-aminosalicylic acid enemas to improve chronic radiation proctitis  

SciTech Connect

Radiation proctitis is a well-known complication of abdominal and pelvic radiation. Conventional medical and surgical treatment often is disappointing. 5-Aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is the active component in sulfasalazine and is effective in the treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. Four patients with radiation proctitis were treated with 4 g 5-ASA by enema nightly for two to six months. Patients were seen monthly, interviewed, and a sigmoidoscopic exam performed. No change was seen in the degree of mucosal inflammation on follow-up sigmoidoscopic exams. Three patients noted no change in their symptoms of bleeding, pain, or tenesmus. One patient noted initial improvement, but this was not sustained. 5-ASA enemas do not appear to be effective in the treatment of radiation proctitis.

Baum, C.A.; Biddle, W.L.; Miner, P.B. Jr.

1989-05-01

52

Federal Fleet Program Overview (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet overview of FEMP services and assistance available to Federal fleet managers to implement alternative fuel and advanced vehicle strategies in compliance with Federal goals and requirements.

Not Available

2010-06-01

53

Clean Cities Helps Fleets Go Green (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Green fleet programs, like those in Ohio and Illinois, certify vehicle fleets based on environmental and fuel-use requirements. The programs encourage the use of alternative fuels and provide a way to recognize fleets for participating.

Not Available

2009-08-01

54

Mucosal colonic tube fistula with antireflux wrap for antegrade colonic enema.  

PubMed

Antegrade enemas can provide children with excellent faecal continence in situations where adequate control has been compromised because of underlying congential anomaly or poor surgical outcome in their treatment. The enema is often delivered through an appendicostomy. If the appendix is absent or utilized for another purpose, then placement of a chait tube or caecostomy button can provide access to the colon for the enema. However, these devices may be associated with breakages, accidental removal and leakage and replacement may require another operative procedure under a general anaesthetic. Full thickness colonic tubes can also be constructed at any point along the colon but in the author's experience, they can be associated with significant leakage of both gas and faecal material. The construction of a mucosal colonic tube with anti-reflux wrap is a technique that avoids the above problems and offers a distinctive advantage in selected situations. The technique relies on tabularising mucosa alone to create a continent fistula. Six children with severe soiling underwent the technique. The outcomes were evaluated using a modified quality of life score (QOLI). The score included assessment of soiling, staining, odour, self-esteem and socialization measure. Technical evaluation included analysis of the ease of catheterization and continence of the mucosal fistula site. All six patients had dramatic improvement in their faecal continence with complete resolution of soiling in all six. Follow up median is 42 months and the range is 6-48 months. QOLI scores improved from a total of 4.75 to 18.5. Possible range is 0-21. All the six fistula sites catheterize easily and no stenosis or faecal leakage has occurred. Two patients required treatment of minor granulations at the entry site of the fistula during the early healing phase. PMID:19455343

Bowkett, Brendon Douglas; Kelly, E W

2009-06-01

55

Spiral CT of the abdomen after distention of small bowel loops with transparent enema in patients with Crohn's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: To evaluate the capability of a computed tomographic (CT) technique that combines distention of the small bowel loops with\\u000a a transparent enema with contrast-enhanced spiral CT of the abdomen in patients with Crohn's disease.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: We evaluated the abdomen with spiral CT after distention of the small bowel loops with a transparent enema of methylcellulose\\u000a in 40 patients consecutively

G. A. Rollandi; P. F. Curone; E. Biscaldi; F. Nardi; E. Bonifacino; R. Conzi; L. E. Derchi

1999-01-01

56

Phosphate sensing  

PubMed Central

Human phosphate homeostasis is regulated at the level of intestinal absorption of phosphate from the diet, release of phosphate through bone resorption, and renal phosphate excretion and involves the actions of parathyroid hormone (PTH), 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D (1,25-(OH)2-D), and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) to maintain circulating phosphate levels within a narrow normal range, which is essential for numerous cellular functions, for the growth of tissues and for bone mineralization. Prokaryotic and single cellular eukaryotic organisms such as bacteria and yeast “sense” ambient phosphate with a multi-protein complex located in their plasma membrane, which modulates the expression of genes important for phosphate uptake and metabolism (pho pathway). Database searches based on amino acid sequence conservation alone have been unable to identify metazoan orthologs of the bacterial and yeast phosphate sensors. Thus little is known about how human and other metazoan cells sense inorganic phosphate to regulate the effects of phosphate on cell metabolism (“metabolic” sensing) or to regulate the levels of extracellular phosphate via feedback system(s) (“endocrine” sensing). Whether the “metabolic” and the “endocrine” sensor use the same or different signal transduction cascades is unknown. This chapter will review the bacterial and yeast phosphate sensors, and then discuss what is currently known about the metabolic and endocrine effects of phosphate in multicellular organisms and humans. PMID:21406298

Bergwitz, Clemens; Jüppner, Harald

2011-01-01

57

The Consolidated Fleet XN2Y-1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Consolidated Fleet XN2Y-1 was a Fleet 1 trainer purchased by the Navy for evaluation. The purchase of several N2Y-1 aircraft followed, for use as trainers for the pilots who would fly the 'parasite' fighters attached to the airships Akron and Macon. The XN2Y-1 was turned over to the NACA for research work. Note the that vertical surfaces are instrumented for NACA spin work.

1935-01-01

58

Consolidated Fleet N2Y-1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Consolidated Fleet N2Y-1: The Consolidated Fleet N2Y-1 aircraft were used as trainers for the pilots who would fly the 'parasite' fighters attached to the airships Akron and Macon. This N2Y-1 was turned over to the NACA for research work. Note that the vertical surfaces are instrumented for NACA work. This N2Y was used for landing gear tests.

1930-01-01

59

CleanFleet. Final report: Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

CleanFleet, formally known as the South Coast Alternative Fuels Demonstration, was a comprehensive demonstration of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in daily commercial service. Between April 1992 and September 1994, five alternative fuels were tested in 84 panel vans: compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, methanol as M-85, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), and electricity. The AFVs were used in normal FedEx package delivery service in the Los Angeles basin alongside 27 {open_quotes}control{close_quotes} vans operating on regular gasoline. The liquid and gaseous fuel vans were model year 1992 vans from Ford, Chevrolet, and Dodge. The two electric vehicles (EVs) were on loan to FedEx from Southern California Edison. The AFVs represented a snapshot in time of 1992 technologies that (1) could be used reliably in daily FedEx operations and (2) were supported by the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). A typical van is shown in Figure 2. The objective of the project was to demonstrate and document the operational, emissions, and economic status of alternative fuel, commercial fleet delivery vans in the early 1990s for meeting air quality regulations in the mid to late 1990s. During the two-year demonstration, CleanFleet`s 111 vehicles travelled more than three million miles and provided comprehensive data on three major topics: fleet operations, emissions, and fleet economics. Fleet operations were examined in detail to uncover and resolve problems with the use of the fuels and vehicles in daily delivery service. Exhaust and evaporative emissions were measured on a subset of vans as they accumulated mileage. The California Air Resources Board (ARB) measured emissions to document the environmental benefits of these AFVs. At the same time, CleanFleet experience was used to estimate the costs to a fleet operator using AFVs to achieve the environmental benefits of reduced emissions.

NONE

1995-12-01

60

Sodium Phosphate  

MedlinePLUS

Sodium phosphate is used in adults 18 years of age or older to empty the colon (large intestine, ... clear view of the walls of the colon. Sodium phosphate is in a class of medications called saline ...

61

Reuben H. Fleet Science Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although the Reuben H. Fleet Science Center focuses mainly on astronomy, there are also exhibits and educational programming on science and technology, human physiology, and physics. A new photographic exhibition looks at the scientific accomplishments and technological spin-offs that have resulted from NASA missions. Comet Impact is a 23-passenger simulator ride that simulates what might happen when comet Kirsch-Kennedy appears to be on a collision path with Earth. The Nierman Challenger Learning Center programs use a realistic mock-up of a Mission Control center and a futuristic Space Station to transport participants in simulated space voyages. A Teacher Resource Guide is available online, as well as information on Inquiry Learning Partnership professional development, field trips, family science nights, workshops, and alignment with California Teaching Standards. The Center is also a partner with TryScience, providing the experience of contemporary science and technology through on and offline interactivity with science and technology centers worldwide. There are several TryScience exhibits at the facility, and a link to the TryScience website where there are science activities, Live Cams, and downloads.

62

Phosphate salts  

MedlinePLUS

... as a laxative to clean the bowels before surgery or intestinal tests. Healthcare providers sometimes give potassium phosphate intravenously (by IV) for treating low phosphate and high calcium levels in the blood, and for preventing low phosphate in patients who are being tube-fed.

63

Contributing Data to the Fleet DNA Project (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

The Fleet DNA clearinghouse of commercial fleet transportation data helps vehicle manufacturers and developers optimize vehicle designs and helps fleet managers choose advanced technologies for their fleets. This online tool - available at www.nrel.gov/fleetdna - provides data summaries and visualizations similar to real-world 'genetics' for medium- and heavy-duty commercial fleet vehicles operating within a variety of vocations. To contribute your fleet data, please contact Adam Duran of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at adam.duran@nrel.gov or 303-275-4586.

Not Available

2014-09-01

64

[Treatment of severe chronic constipation through the antegrade continent enema procedure].  

PubMed

The antegrade continent enema procedure was first described in 1990 by Malone for the treatment of severe fecal neurogenic incontinence in children. Since then, this technique has been successfully carried out in adults, as well as in patients with refractory constipation. The procedure provides a continent and catheterizable channel, generally an appendicostomy, through which antegrade washouts are given to produce colonic emptying. We describe the case of a 23-year-old man with severe constipation and overflow fecal incontinence who underwent an appendicostomy. There were no immediate postoperative complications and saline washouts were started on the fourth day. Since then, the patient has had a bowel movement between 1 and 3 hours after each washout, has recovered continence, and no longer wears an absorbent pad. PMID:17192226

Pera, Miguel; Parés, David; Pascual, Marta; Pérez, Marta; Cañete, Nuria; Sánchez de la Blanca, M Isabel; Andréu, Montserrat; Grande, Luis

2006-12-01

65

Barwood CNG Cab Fleet Study: Final Results  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a fleet study conducted over a 12-month period to evaluate the operation of dedicated compress natural gas (CNG) Ford Crown Victoria sedans in a taxicab fleet. In the study, we assess the performance and reliability of the vehicles and the cost of operating the CNG vehicles compared to gasoline vehicles. The study results reveal that the CNG vehicles operated by this fleet offer both economic and environmental advantages. The total operating costs of the CNG vehicles were about 25% lower than those of the gasoline vehicles. The CNG vehicles performed as well as the gasoline vehicles, and were just as reliable. Barwood representatives and drivers have come to consider the CNG vehicles an asset to their business and to the air quality of the local community.

Whalen, P.; Kelly, K.; John, M.

1999-05-03

66

Chronological History of Federal Fleet Actions and Mandates (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This chronological history of Federal fleet actions and mandates provides a year-by-year timeline of the acts, amendments, executive orders, and other regulations that affect Federal fleets. The fleet actions and mandates included in the timeline span from 1988 to 2009.

Not Available

2011-04-01

67

Maintaining cohesive fleets via swarming with small-world communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A car fleet is a group of cars that should travel close together at a common speed. Due to dynamic road conditions, traffic signals, road speed limits and other factors, a car fleet may suffer from frequent partition. This paper proposes a distributed cohesive car fleet maintenance scheme by employing a swarming model complemented by a small world phenomenon. Vehicles

Hen-Wei Tsai; Chien Chen; Chien-Chung Shen; Rong-Hong Jan; Hsia-Hsin Li

2009-01-01

68

Waste Management's LNG Truck Fleet: Final Results  

SciTech Connect

Waste Management, Inc., began operating a fleet of heavy-duty LNG refuse trucks at its Washington, Pennsylvania, facility. The objective of the project was to provide transportation professionals with quantitative, unbiased information on the cost, maintenance, operational, and emissions characteristics of LNG as one alternative to conventional diesel for heavy-duty trucking applications.

Chandler, K. [Battelle (US); Norton, P. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (US); Clark, N. [West Virginia University (US)

2001-01-25

69

Mobile Internet Acces in FleetNet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Inter - vehicle communication systems play an important role in future road communication scenarios like FleetNet For such communication scenar - ios, ad hoc networks offer a promising approach due to their characteristics such as low latency and cost efficiency While multi - hop ad hoc network com - munication among vehicles provides for many interesting and important appli

Marc Bechler; Walter J. Franz; Lars C. Wolf

2003-01-01

70

Fleet DNA Project Data Summary Report (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation includes graphical data summaries that highlight statistical trends for medium- and heavy-duty commercial fleet vehicles operating in a variety of vocations. It offers insight for the development of vehicle technologies that reduce costs, fuel consumption, and emission.

Walkowicz, K.; Duran, A.; Burton, E.

2014-04-01

71

How Fleet Bank fought employee flight.  

PubMed

In the late 1990s, Fleet Bank was facing high and rising employee turnover, particularly in its retail operations. Overall turnover had reached 25% annually, and among some groups, such as tellers and customer service reps, turnover was as high as 40%. Using a new methodology developed by Mercer Human Resource Consulting, Fleet set out to determine why so many employees were leaving and what could be done to retain them. It began examining data from HR, finance, operations, and sales about employee behavior and the factors that influence it in different locations and labor markets, departments or work groups, in positions with different pay and benefits, and under different supervisors. Fleet's analysis showed that people were leaving not so much for better pay--their personal testimony notwithstanding--but for broader experience, which they thought would enhance their marketability. Additionally, the analysis revealed a link between the turnover problem and the company's busy history of mergers and acquisitions. Fleet's mergers and acquisitions. frequently meant that it had to consolidate operations. That consolidation resulted in layoffs, which provoked higher levels of voluntary turnover, perhaps because remaining employees began worrying about their job security. While the obvious solution to the turnover problem might have been to compensate the remaining employees--say, with higher pay--the more effective and less costly solution, Fleet discovered, was to focus on employees' career opportunities within the company. Those who moved up the hierarchy, or who even made lateral moves, stayed longer. By offering better internal opportunities for career development, the bank was able to stanch much of the hemorrhaging in personnel. Its solutions required only modest investments, which in the end saved the company millions of dollars. PMID:15077372

Nalbantian, Haig R; Szostak, Anne

2004-04-01

72

CleanFleet. Volume 2, Project Design and Implementation  

SciTech Connect

The CleanFleet alternative fuels demonstration project evaluated five alternative motorfuels in commercial fleet service over a two-year period. The five fuels were compressed natural gas, propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), M-85 (85 percent methanol and 15 percent RFG), and electric vans. Eight-four vans were operated on the alternative fuels and 27 vans were operated on gasoline as baseline controls. Throughout the demonstration information was collected on fleet operations, vehicle emissions, and fleet economics. In this volume of the CleanFleet findings, the design and implementation of the project are summarized.

NONE

1995-12-01

73

Double contrast barium enema: technique, indications, results and limitations of a conventional imaging methodology in the MDCT virtual endoscopy era.  

PubMed

The double contrast barium enema of the colon continues to be a diffused conventional radiological technique and allows for the diagnosis of neoplastic and inflammatory pathology. After the '70s, a massive initiative is undertaken to simplify, perfect and encode the method of the double contrast barium enema: Altaras from Germany, Miller from USA and Cittadini from Italy are responsible for the perfection of this technique in the last 30 years. The tailored patient preparation, a perfect technique of execution and a precise radiological documentation are essentials steps to obtain a reliable examination. The main limit of double contrast enema is that it considers the pathology only from the mucosal surface. In neoplastic pathology evaluation the main limit is the "T" parameter staging, but more limited are the "N" and "M" parameters evaluation. Today the double contrast technique continues to be a refined, sensitive and specific diagnostic method, moreover, diagnostic results cannot compete with the new CT multislice techniques (CT-enteroclysis and virtual colonoscopy) which can examine both the lumen and the wall of the colon. The double contrast is a cheap and simple examination but in the next future is predictably a progressive substitution of conventional radiology from new multislice techniques, because the cross sectional imaging is more frequently able to detect causes of the symptoms whether resulting both from colonic or non colonic origin. PMID:17161931

Rollandi, Gian Andrea; Biscaldi, Ennio; DeCicco, Enzo

2007-03-01

74

Ileoanal pouches: Comparison of CT, scintigraphy, and contrast enemas for diagnosing postsurgical complications  

SciTech Connect

The value of CT of the pelvis, 111In-labeled leukocyte scintigraphy, and contrast enema (pouchography) for detecting postsurgical complications was assessed in 44 patients with total colectomy, rectal mucosectomy, and ileoanal pouches. Ileoanal pouches were created as reservoirs from an ileal loop that was anastomosed to the dentate line of the anus and stayed connected to the remainder of the ileum. This pouch preserves the normal defecatory pathway and eliminates disease-producing mucosa. A total of 57 sets of examinations revealed 22 cases of normal postoperative findings, 22 of pouchitis, 13 of abscess, and three of fistula. Overall sensitivity for detecting complications with pouchography was 60% (18 of 30 findings); with CT, 78% (28 of 36 findings); and with scintigraphy, 79% (23 of 29 findings). Pouchitis was best diagnosed by scintigraphy (sensitivity, 80%), followed by CT (sensitivity, 71%) and pouchography (sensitivity, 53%). Only CT correctly diagnosed all cases of abscess. Fistulas were frequently missed by all three methods. If tests were combined, the overall sensitivity rose to 93% for the combination CT/scintigraphy and to 86% for CT/pouchography, but did not improve for pouchography/scintigraphy (78%). For evaluation of complications in patients with ileoanal pouches, CT should be the initial test. If an abscess is found, no further tests are needed. If CT findings are negative, a scintigram should be obtained. Our data did not establish a clear role for pouchography.

Thoeni, R.F.; Fell, S.C.; Engelstad, B.; Schrock, T.B. (Univ. of California, San Francisco (USA))

1990-01-01

75

LNG fleet increases in size and capabilities  

SciTech Connect

The LNG fleet as of early 1997 consisted of 99 vessels with total cargo capacity of 10.7 million cu m, equivalent to approximately 4.5 million tons. One of the newest additions to the fleet, the 137,000-cu m tanker Al Zubarah, is five times the size of the original commercial vessel Methane Princess. Al Zubarah`s first loading of more than 60,000 tons occurred in December 1996 for deliver to Japanese buyers from the newly commissioned Qatargas LNG plant at Ras Laffan. That size cargo contains enough clean-burning energy to heat 60,000 homes in Japan for 1 month. Measuring nearly 1,000 ft long, the tanker is among the largest in the industry fleet and joined 70 other vessels of more than 100,000 cu m. Most LNG tankers built since 1975 have been larger-capacity vessels. The paper discusses LNG shipping requirements, containment systems, vessel design, propulsion, construction, operations and maintenance, and the future for larger vessels.

Linser, H.J. Jr.; Drudy, M.J.; Endrizzi, F.; Urbanelli, A.A. [Mobil Shipping and Transportation, Fairfax, VA (United States)

1997-06-02

76

CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 6, occupational hygiene  

SciTech Connect

The CleanFleet project was a 24-month demonstration of FedEx delivery vans operating on each of four gaseous or liquid alternative fuels: compressed natural gas (CNG), propane gas, methanol M-85, and California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG). Two electric vans were also demonstrated. Each alternative fuel fleet was operated from a different FedEx station site in the Los Angeles area. Gasoline-fueled control vans located at each site allowed for comparisons between fleets. The alternative fuels used in the CleanFleet project differ from conventional fuels both in their physical properties and in their potential health effects. These differences can result in occupational health implications for fleet users of these fuels. Therefore, as part of the CleanFleet project a limited occupational hygiene survey was performed.

NONE

1995-12-01

77

Phased surgical treatment of barium enema-induced rectal injury and retention of barium in the pelvic floor space  

PubMed Central

Iatrogenic injuries caused by barium enema are rarely reported. Following a phased surgical protocol for up to one year, we have successfully treated a patient with rectal injury and severe infection of the pelvic floor space complicated with retention of large amounts of barium and vaginal fistula. In this article, the phased surgery planning for the treatment of rectal injury complicated with vaginal fistula is discussed in terms of the pros and cons, and the observed effect and evolution of barium retained in the pelvic floor space are described. PMID:25405155

Yang, Xuefei; Xia, Ligang; Huang, Jun; Wang, Jianping

2014-01-01

78

Re-epithelialization of squamous epithelium for a radiation-induced rectal ulcer while giving an ecabet sodium enema.  

PubMed

The present patient developed a severe rectal ulcer more than 1 month after having received external beam radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Surveillance endoscopy every 3 months demonstrated healing of this rectal ulcer using a novel therapy. He was given enemas with ecabet sodium, which provides physical protection and promotes healing by increasing prostaglandin E(2), and this process induced squamous metaplasia that halted the progression of the ulcer of radiation proctitis as a late-phase reaction. Intrapapillary capillary loops were visualized with magnified narrow band imaging at the healing ulcer site as seen via the esophagus and, moreover, demonstrated histologically. PMID:19691805

Chino, Akiko; Kishihara, Teruhito; Uragami, Naoyuki; Ishiyama, Akiyoshi; Ogawa, Taishi; Hoshino, Etsuo; Igarashi, Masahiro; Fujita, Rikiya

2009-01-01

79

Effect of Majja Basti (therapeutic enema) and Asthi Shrinkhala (Cissus quadrangularis) in the management of Osteoporosis (Asthi-Majjakshaya).  

PubMed

Osteoporosis is a systemic disorder that affects entire skeleton, which is a metabolic bone disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of the skeleton, leading to enhanced bone fragility and a consequent increase in fracture risk. In Ayurveda, it can be correlated with Asthi-Majjakshaya. Basti (therapeutic enema) is the prime therapy for Asthi related diseases and Asthi Shrinkhala (Cissus quadrangularis) is the drug which is being used for strengthening of bone by traditional Vaidya since long. It has been selected for oral administration. In clinical trial, 12 patients treated with Majja Basti along with Asthi Shrinkhala pulp capsules and results are very encouraging. PMID:23049194

Gupta, Ajay K; Shah, Nehal; Thakar, A B

2012-01-01

80

Electric propulsion -- Fleet readiness at affordable costs  

SciTech Connect

The successful development and demonstration of the Al-AgO primary battery system dramatically demonstrated the viability of electric power plants for torpedo propulsion. Present efforts are focused on the development and demonstration of very low cost, quiet, high performance, safe, environmentally compatible, rechargeable batteries for heavyweight and lightweight torpedoes and tactical-sized UUVs. Electric power plants consisting of a rechargeable battery and a high reliability motor must be affordable to own and operate and enable turn around without teardown for today`s Fleet assets.

Orndorff, C.M.; Egan, C.J. [Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI (United States)

1996-11-01

81

33 CFR 162.270 - Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. 162...270 Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. ...National Defense Reserve Fleets of the Maritime Administration, Department of...

2013-07-01

82

33 CFR 162.270 - Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. 162...270 Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. ...National Defense Reserve Fleets of the Maritime Administration, Department of...

2010-07-01

83

33 CFR 162.270 - Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. 162...270 Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. ...National Defense Reserve Fleets of the Maritime Administration, Department of...

2014-07-01

84

33 CFR 162.270 - Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. 162...270 Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. ...National Defense Reserve Fleets of the Maritime Administration, Department of...

2011-07-01

85

33 CFR 162.270 - Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. 162...270 Restricted areas in vicinity of Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets. ...National Defense Reserve Fleets of the Maritime Administration, Department of...

2012-07-01

86

76 FR 31351 - Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet Vessels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet Vessels AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...Letter 11-05 regarding Distant Water Tuna Fleet vessels manning exemption eligibility...the requirements to allow a distant water tuna fleet vessel to engage foreign...

2011-05-31

87

41 CFR 102-34.340 - Do we need a fleet management information system?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Do we need a fleet management information system? 102-34.340 Section...340 Do we need a fleet management information system? Yes, you must have a fleet management information system at the department or...

2012-01-01

88

41 CFR 102-34.340 - Do we need a fleet management information system?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Do we need a fleet management information system? 102-34.340 Section...340 Do we need a fleet management information system? Yes, you must have a fleet management information system at the department or...

2013-07-01

89

41 CFR 102-34.340 - Do we need a fleet management information system?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Do we need a fleet management information system? 102-34.340 Section...340 Do we need a fleet management information system? Yes, you must have a fleet management information system at the department or...

2011-01-01

90

41 CFR 102-34.340 - Do we need a fleet management information system?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Do we need a fleet management information system? 102-34.340 Section...340 Do we need a fleet management information system? Yes, you must have a fleet management information system at the department or...

2014-01-01

91

75 FR 82141 - Stakeholder Meetings Regarding the U.S.-Flag Great Lakes Fleet Revitalization Study  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Meetings Regarding the U.S.-Flag Great Lakes Fleet Revitalization Study AGENCY: Maritime...Administration's U.S.-Flag Great Lakes Fleet Revitalization Study. The three...participation. The U.S.-Flag Great Lakes Fleet Revitalization Study will...

2010-12-29

92

77 FR 44475 - Security Zones; Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Security Zones; Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY...will enforce Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels Security Zones from 12...other subversive acts during Seafair Fleet Week Parade of Ships. The Designated...

2012-07-30

93

41 CFR 101-39.104-1 - Consolidations into a fleet management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Consolidations into a fleet management system. (a) All...area of an established fleet management system and other related equipment and supplies shall, when...responsibility of the fleet management system. Those vehicles...

2011-07-01

94

41 CFR 101-39.104-1 - Consolidations into a fleet management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Consolidations into a fleet management system. (a) All...area of an established fleet management system and other related equipment and supplies shall, when...responsibility of the fleet management system. Those vehicles...

2010-07-01

95

Condition Monitoring of the SSE Generation Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SSE (previously known as Scottish and Southern Energy) operates a diverse portfolio of generation plant, including coal, gas and renewable plant with a total generation capacity of 11,375MW (Sept 2011). In recent years a group of specialists dedicated to providing condition monitoring services has been established at the Equipment Performance Centre (EPC) based at Knottingley, West Yorkshire. We aim to illustrate the role of the EPC and the methods used for monitoring the generation fleet with the objective of maintaining asset integrity, reducing risk of plant failure and unplanned outages and describe the challenges which have been overcome in establishing the EPC. This paper describes methods including vibration and process data analysis, model-based techniques and on-site testing used for monitoring of generation plant, including gas turbines, steam turbines, generators and steam raising plant. These condition monitoring processes utilise available data, adding value to the business, by bringing services in-house and capturing knowledge of plant operation for the benefit of the whole fleet.

Twiddle, J.; Muthuraman, S.; Connolly, N.

2012-05-01

96

Cooperation is Fleeting in the World of Transposable Elements  

E-print Network

Cooperation is Fleeting in the World of Transposable Elements Andreas Wagner Department: Wagner A (2006) Cooperation is fleeting in the world of transposable elements. PLoS Comput Biol 2(12): e an outside end (the repeat unit farthest from the selectable genes) and an inside end (the repeat unit

Wagner, Andreas

97

Developing a Fleet Standardization Index for Airline Planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quantifying subjective aspects is a difficult task that requires a great dedication of time from researchers and analysts. Nevertheless, one of the main objectives of it is to pave the way for a better understanding of the focused aspects. Fleet standardization is one of these subjective aspects that is extremely difficult to mm into numbers. Although, it is of great importance to know the benefits that may come with a higher level of standardization for airlines, which may be economical advantages, maintenance facilitation and others. A more standardized fleet may represent lower costs of operations and maintenance facilitation and others. A more standardized fleet may represent lower costs of operations and maintenance plus a much better planning of routes and flights. This study presents the first step on developing an index, hereto called "Fleet Standardization Index" or FSI (or IPF in Portuguese, for "Indice de Padronizacao de Frotas"), that will allow senior airline planners to compare different fleets and also simulate some results from maintaining or renewing their fleets. Although being a preliminary study, the results obtained may already be tested to compare different fleets (different airlines) and also analyze some possible impacts of a fleet renewal before it takes place. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to introduce the proposed IPF index and to demonstrate that it is inversely proportional to the number of different airplane models, engines and other equipment, such as avionics.

deBorgesPan, Alexis George; EspiritoSanto, Respicio A., Jr.

2003-01-01

98

Lynn C. Simpson Director, Total Fleet Force Manpower &  

E-print Network

7-14 Lynn C. Simpson Director, Total Fleet Force Manpower & Personnel (N1) Commander, US Pacific in the Indo-Asia and Pacific region and is leading America's rebalance to the Pacific. Ms. Simpson was appointed to the Director, Total Fleet Force Manpower & Personnel in June 2014. In this role, Ms. Simpson

99

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Fleet Managers (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are entering the automobile market and are viable alternatives to conventional vehicles. This guide for fleet managers describes the basics of PEV technology, PEV benefits for fleets, how to select the right PEV, charging a PEV, and PEV maintenance.

Not Available

2012-04-01

100

A Memetic Algorithm for the Heterogeneous Fleet Vehicle Routing Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Heterogeneous Fleet Vehicle Routing Problem is a variant of the classical Vehicle Routing Problem in which customers are served by a heterogeneous fleet of vehicles with various capacities, fixed and variable costs. Due to its complexity, no exact algorithm is known for this problem. This paper describes a genetic algorithm hybridized with two known heuristic methods for this problem.

C. M. R. R. Lima; Marco César Goldbarg; Elizabeth Ferreira Gouvea Goldbarg

2004-01-01

101

Vehicular data acquisition system for fleet management automation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a vehicular data acquisition and analysis system for fleet management automation. It exploits On- Board Diagnostic (OBD), GPS, RFID, and WiFi technologies. Although many systems currently integrate position tracking, OBD and wireless networking to allow for remote position tracking and remote diagnostic system, few systems provide the capability to automate the fleet management process. This paper describes

Ahmad Aljaafreh; Majdi Khalel; Islam Al-Fraheed; Kafa Almarahleh; Rwan Al-Shwaabkeh; Saja Al-Etawi; Waed Shaqareen

2011-01-01

102

Preliminary assessment of fleets covered by the Energy Policy Act  

SciTech Connect

To facilitate the goal of decreasing oil imports by 10 percent by the year 2000 and 30 percent by 2010, two sections of the Energy Policy Act encourage and mandate alternative fuel vehicles in the acquisition of fleet vehicles. The first step in estimating the contribution of these mandates toward meeting the aforementioned goal entails identifying affected fleets. This paper presents a preliminary assessment of potential vehicle fleet coverage. Only a limited number of companies in the methanol, ethanol, and hydrogen industries are likely to quality for this mandate. Whereas, many of the oil producers, petroleum refiners, and electricity companies are likely to be regulated.

Hu, P.S.; Davis, S.C.; Wang, M.Q. [and others

1994-12-31

103

CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 1, summary  

SciTech Connect

The South Coast Alternative Fuels Demonstration, called CleanFleet, was conducted in the Los Angeles area from April 1992 through September 1994. The demonstration consisted of 111 package delivery vans operating on five alternative fuels and the control fuel, unleaded gasoline. The alternative fuels were propane gas, compressed natural gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol with 15 percent RFG (called M-85), and electricity. This volume of the eight volume CleanFleet final report is a summary of the project design and results of the analysis of data collected during the demonstration on vehicle maintenance and durability, fuel economy, employee attitudes, safety and occupational hygiene, emissions, and fleet economics.

NONE

1995-12-01

104

Maintaining the safety of an aging fleet of aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current status of the Douglas Aging Fleet is examined in light of increasing concern for the possibility of the onset of widespread cracking and recent industry activity to minimize the concern. A fleet monitoring program together with an augmented maintenance program is proposed as a possible means to reduce the concern. Six candidate options for maintenance program augmentation are examined which have been shown to be effective in detection of widespread fatigue damage. A brief example of how this system might be applied to the DC-9 Fleet is presented.

Hoggard, Amos W.

1992-01-01

105

An implementation plan for renewal of the National Academic Research Fleet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Academic Research Fleet is widely regarded as the most capable fleet in the world. Each year this fleet of vessels supports approximately 500 oceanographic research cruises in the waters surrounding the US as well as the global oceans. The Fleet consists of 27 ships ranging in size form 66 feet to 297 feet. Many of these ships entered

A. DeSilva; Larry Atkinson; J. M. Prince

2002-01-01

106

The University of Texas at Austin Energy Savings Program for Fleet  

E-print Network

The University of Texas at Austin Energy Savings Program for Fleet Introduction The University of Texas at Austin manages a fleet of 621 vehicles. During fiscal year 2005 ­ 2006, the fleet traveled 2 a comprehensive fuel savings program for our fleet that reduces overall energy expenditures. Goals There are three

Yang, Zong-Liang

107

A novel alternative for renal replacement therapy: 2-year successful colonic dialysis via a Malone antegrade continent enema stoma.  

PubMed

This study is a case report of home-based colonic dialysis (CD) for treating end-stage renal disease in a 20-year-old woman. She had a history of Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) for treating neuropathic bowel at the age of 11 years. The patient refused any type of renal replacement therapy. However, she agreed to CD through the MACE stoma by changing the colonic irrigation solution to the peritoneal dialysis solution. The patient was discharged with a plasma creatinine (Cr) level of 1.7 mg/dL and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level of 8 mg/dL. She has continued CD on a regular basis at home. The patient's serum Cr and BUN has remained in the steady low state during 24 months of follow-up (mean Cr level = 2.8 mg/dL and mean BUN level = 10.7 mg/dL). PMID:24345419

Kajbafzadeh, Abdol-Mohammad; Zeinoddini, Atefeh; Heidari, Reza; NaserHodjjati, Haleh; Tourchi, Ali

2014-06-01

108

2012 Earth-Orbiting Heliophysics Fleet - Duration: 57 seconds.  

NASA Video Gallery

Since Sentinels of the Heliosphere in 2008, there have been a few new missions, and a few missions have been shut down. As of Fall of 2012, here's a tour of the NASA Near-Earth Heliophysics fleet, ...

109

Biofuels, Climate Policy and the European Vehicle Fleet  

E-print Network

We examine the effect of biofuels mandates and climate policy on the European vehicle fleet, considering the prospects for diesel and gasoline vehicles. We use the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, ...

Rausch, Sebastian

110

The origin of the lost fleet of the mongol empire  

E-print Network

bottomed vessels made along the Yangtze River; and flat bottomed landing craft from Korea. In the recent past, the remains of the fleet were discovered at the Takashima underwater site in western Japan, unveiling numerous artifacts including weaponry...

Sasaki, Randall James

2009-05-15

111

Fleet-Car Market PENetration Simulator: CPEN user's guide  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this manual is to assist prospective users in the understanding and execution of Fleet-Car Market PENetration Simulator (CPEN). CPEN is an interactive FORTRAN program whose purpose is to produce estimates of fleet-market-penetration rates of alternative passenger cars that can be described in terms of specific physical and economic attributes. The data were derived from questionnaires distributed to fleet operators affiliated with National Association of Fleet Administrators (NAFA). Besides the NAFA data, CPEN uses 48 variables that are interactively inserted. Complete data-input descriptions are included in the manual along with algorithm and application flowcharts. Examples of complete successful simulator runs are included for alternative program paths. A listing of the computer program and a glossary for CPEN are included.

Weil, R.

1980-08-01

112

Dynamic incentive scheme for rental vehicle fleet management  

E-print Network

Mobility on Demand is a new transportation paradigm aimed to provide sustainable transportation in urban settings with a fleet of electric vehicles. Usage scenarios prpopsed by Mobility on Demand systems must allow one-way ...

Zhou, SiZhi

2012-01-01

113

40 CFR 89.117 - Test fleet selection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Standards and Certification Provisions § 89.117 Test fleet selection. (a)...

2011-07-01

114

National Federal Fleet Loaner Program, Interim Status Report  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Loaner Program is to increase the awareness, deployment, and use of electric vehicles (EVs) in Federal fleets. The Loaner Program accomplishes this by providing free EVs to Federal fleets on a loaner basis, generally for 1 or 2 months. The Program partners DOE with six electric utilities, with DOE providing financial support and some leads on Federal fleets interested in obtaining EVs. The utilities obtain the vehicles, identify candidate loaner fleets, loan the vehicles, provide temporary charging infrastructure, provide overall support to participating Federal fleets, and support fleets with their leasing decisions. While the utilities have not had the success initially envisioned by themselves, DOE, the Edison Electric Institute, and the Electric Vehicle Association of the Americas, the utilities can not be faulted for their efforts, as they are not the entity that makes the ultimate lease or no-lease decision. Some external groups have suggested to DOE that they direct other federal agencies to change their processes to make loaning vehicles easier; this is simply not within the power of DOE. By law, a certain percentage of all new vehicle acquisitions are supposed to be alternative fuel vehicles (AFV); however, with no enforcement, the federal agencies are not compelled to lease AFVs such as electric vehicles.

Francfort, James Edward

2000-10-01

115

The Art of the First Fleet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Natural History Museum of London website features an online collection of some of the artworks that were created by the members of the First Fleet, the group of nine ships that set sail from Portsmouth to establish a colony in New South Wales, Australia. The artworks are considered to be "outstanding drawings of aboriginal people, the environment and wildlife found on arrival as well as of the early foundation of the colony." Bird lovers out there will find this collection quite a treat, as there are a slew of drawings of birds. Mammal lovers will get to see drawings that are some of the only know record of species that have become extinct since 1788. The drawings are divided up into four different topics, "Natural History", "Ethnography", "Topography", and "History", and can be accessed by their links on the homepage. Each topic can be viewed as a "list" or "gallery", with the gallery view providing thumbnails and the title, and the list providing the title and the name of the artist. Once visitors have chosen a drawing to view, they can click on it to see the dimensions and date of the drawings, as well as an enlarged image of the drawing. Those with interest in more details, such as the donor of the drawing or where it's held at the Museum, should click on "show notes". The "interactive enlargement" link below the image allows visitors to zoom and pan within the image.

116

Detecting and Categorizing Fleeting Emotions in Faces  

PubMed Central

Expressions of emotion are often brief, providing only fleeting images from which to base important social judgments. We sought to characterize the sensitivity and mechanisms of emotion detection and expression categorization when exposure to faces is very brief, and to determine whether these processes dissociate. Observers viewed 2 backward-masked facial expressions in quick succession, 1 neutral and the other emotional (happy, fearful, or angry), in a 2-interval forced-choice task. On each trial, observers attempted to detect the emotional expression (emotion detection) and to classify the expression (expression categorization). Above-chance emotion detection was possible with extremely brief exposures of 10 ms and was most accurate for happy expressions. We compared categorization among expressions using a d? analysis, and found that categorization was usually above chance for angry versus happy and fearful versus happy, but consistently poor for fearful versus angry expressions. Fearful versus angry categorization was poor even when only negative emotions (fearful, angry, or disgusted) were used, suggesting that this categorization is poor independent of decision context. Inverting faces impaired angry versus happy categorization, but not emotion detection, suggesting that information from facial features is used differently for emotion detection and expression categorizations. Emotion detection often occurred without expression categorization, and expression categorization sometimes occurred without emotion detection. These results are consistent with the notion that emotion detection and expression categorization involve separate mechanisms. PMID:22866885

Sweeny, Timothy D.; Suzuki, Satoru; Grabowecky, Marcia; Paller, Ken A.

2013-01-01

117

The Future of the USCG Icebreaker Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) operates three icebreakers to support science in polar regions: the USCGC HEALY (WAGB-20), the USCGC POLAR STAR (WABG-10) and the USCGC POLAR SEA (WAGB-11). USCGC HEALY, the youngest of the icebreakers, has successfully completed four field seasons in the Arctic Ocean and one deployment to Antarctica since the ship was delivered in late 1999. Operations on board HEALY have improved with each deployment thanks to the feedback provided by science users and the responsiveness of USCG personnel to suggestions for enhancing shipboard support of data and sample acquisition. The POLAR-class icebreakers have been used primarily to support Deep Freeze by carrying supplies to McMurdo Station in Antarctica. Unfortunately, both POLAR STAR and SEA are approaching the end of their useful service life. The main propulsion system of the POLAR SEA has recently been declared unfit to support another trip to Antarctica until at least the 2007 field season, which places an additional burden on the already ailing POLAR STAR and potentially impacts the arctic science schedule of HEALY. The Arctic Icebreaker Coordinating Committee (AICC), which was initially formed to oversee the design and building of the USCGC Healy, now works to liaise and facilitate communications between scientists, funding agencies and facility providers and assist with the planning of polar science projects. Incumbent in this is the requirement that AICC provide continuing oversight for scientific aspects of the potential refitting or replacement of POLAR STAR and POLAR SEA as well as HEALY's scientific spaces and outfitting. The purpose of this presentation is to provide the polar science community with the most recent information about the status of the USCG icebreaker fleet and to solicit, synthesize and present the needs of the community to the Coast Guard to facilitate efficient and effective utilization of U.S. icebreakers.

Edwards, M. H.; Prince, M.

2004-12-01

118

Does large-bowel enema reduce septic complications in acute pancreatitis? 1 1 This study was performed in the Experimental Medical Research Center of Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The source of septic complications in acute pancreatitis was unknown until recent years. The pathogenesis of bacterial translocation from the gut has been accepted as the main source of pancreatic or peripancreatic infection. This study was designed to investigate the role of large bowel enema during acute pancreatitis in preventing bacterial translocation.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twenty-four Spraque-Dawley rats were used in

Serdar Yol; Mahmut Baykan; ?ükrü Özer; Mehmet Aköz; Osman Yilmaz; Cüneyt Kuru

1998-01-01

119

40 CFR 86.001-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied...certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...prior to the Administrator's selection of the test fleet...

2011-07-01

120

40 CFR 86.001-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied...certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...prior to the Administrator's selection of the test fleet...

2013-07-01

121

40 CFR 86.001-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied...certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...prior to the Administrator's selection of the test fleet...

2012-07-01

122

40 CFR 86.001-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied...certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...prior to the Administrator's selection of the test fleet...

2010-07-01

123

Microbial solubilization of phosphate  

DOEpatents

A process is provided for solubilizing phosphate from phosphate containing ore by treatment with microorganisms which comprises forming an aqueous mixture of phosphate ore, microorganisms operable for solubilizing phosphate from the phosphate ore and maintaining the aqueous mixture for a period of time and under conditions operable to effect the microbial solubilization process. An aqueous solution containing soluble phosphorus can be separated from the reacted mixture by precipitation, solvent extraction, selective membrane, exchange resin or gravity methods to recover phosphate from the aqueous solution. 6 figures.

Rogers, R.D.; Wolfram, J.H.

1993-10-26

124

Microbial solubilization of phosphate  

DOEpatents

A process is provided for solubilizing phosphate from phosphate containing ore by treatment with microorganisms which comprises forming an aqueous mixture of phosphate ore, microorganisms operable for solubilizing phosphate from the phosphate ore and maintaining the aqueous mixture for a period of time and under conditions operable to effect the microbial solubilization process. An aqueous solution containing soluble phosphorous can be separated from the reacted mixture by precipitation, solvent extraction, selective membrane, exchange resin or gravity methods to recover phosphate from the aqueous solution.

Rogers, Robert D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Wolfram, James H. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1993-01-01

125

Tele-Supervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Tele-supervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF) is a multi-robot science exploration architecture and system that uses a group of robotic boats (the Ocean-Atmosphere Sensor Integration System, or OASIS) to enable in-situ study of ocean surface and subsurface characteristics and the dynamics of such ocean phenomena as coastal pollutants, oil spills, hurricanes, or harmful algal blooms (HABs). The OASIS boats are extended- deployment, autonomous ocean surface vehicles. The TAOSF architecture provides an integrated approach to multi-vehicle coordination and sliding human-vehicle autonomy. One feature of TAOSF is the adaptive re-planning of the activities of the OASIS vessels based on sensor input ( smart sensing) and sensorial coordination among multiple assets. The architecture also incorporates Web-based communications that permit control of the assets over long distances and the sharing of data with remote experts. Autonomous hazard and assistance detection allows the automatic identification of hazards that require human intervention to ensure the safety and integrity of the robotic vehicles, or of science data that require human interpretation and response. Also, the architecture is designed for science analysis of acquired data in order to perform an initial onboard assessment of the presence of specific science signatures of immediate interest. TAOSF integrates and extends five subsystems developed by the participating institutions: Emergent Space Tech - nol ogies, Wallops Flight Facility, NASA s Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Carnegie Mellon University, and Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The OASIS Autonomous Surface Vehicle (ASV) system, which includes the vessels as well as the land-based control and communications infrastructure developed for them, controls the hardware of each platform (sensors, actuators, etc.), and also provides a low-level waypoint navigation capability. The Multi-Platform Simulation Environment from GSFC is a surrogate for the OASIS ASV system and allows for independent development and testing of higher-level software components. The Platform Communicator acts as a proxy for both actual and simulated platforms. It translates platform-independent messages from the higher control systems to the device-dependent communication protocols. This enables the higher-level control systems to interact identically with heterogeneous actual or simulated platforms.

Lefes, Alberto; Podnar, Gregg W.; Dolan, John M.; Hosler, Jeffrey C.; Ames, Troy J.

2009-01-01

126

Evaluation of Gear Condition Indicator Performance on Rotorcraft Fleet  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The U.S. Army is currently expanding its fleet of Health Usage Monitoring Systems (HUMS) equipped aircraft at significant rates, to now include over 1,000 rotorcraft. Two different on-board HUMS, the Honeywell Modern Signal Processing Unit (MSPU) and the Goodrich Integrated Vehicle Health Management System (IVHMS), are collecting vibration health data on aircraft that include the Apache, Blackhawk, Chinook, and Kiowa Warrior. The objective of this paper is to recommend the most effective gear condition indicators for fleet use based on both a theoretical foundation and field data. Gear diagnostics with better performance will be recommended based on both a theoretical foundation and results of in-fleet use. In order to evaluate the gear condition indicator performance on rotorcraft fleets, results of more than five years of health monitoring for gear faults in the entire HUMS equipped Army helicopter fleet will be presented. More than ten examples of gear faults indicated by the gear CI have been compiled and each reviewed for accuracy. False alarms indications will also be discussed. Performance data from test rigs and seeded fault tests will also be presented. The results of the fleet analysis will be discussed, and a performance metric assigned to each of the competing algorithms. Gear fault diagnostic algorithms that are compliant with ADS-79A will be recommended for future use and development. The performance of gear algorithms used in the commercial units and the effectiveness of the gear CI as a fault identifier will be assessed using the criteria outlined in the standards in ADS-79A-HDBK, an Army handbook that outlines the conversion from Reliability Centered Maintenance to the On-Condition status of Condition Based Maintenance.

Antolick, Lance J.; Branning, Jeremy S.; Wade, Daniel R.; Dempsey, Paula J.

2010-01-01

127

Federal Fleet Files, FEMP, Vol. 1, No. 2 - June 2009 (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

June 2009 issue of the FEMP Federal Fleet Files monthly newsletter for the FEMP Federal Fleet Program that outlines vehicle, alternative fuel, infrastructure, and management strategy updates to Federal agencies.

Not Available

2009-06-01

128

FLEET SERVICES -FACILTIES MANAGEMENT -UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO UNIVERSITY VEHICLE USE AUTHORIZATION FORM  

E-print Network

in vehicle will be taken to UCPD (858 534-4357) Lost & Found. BILLING INFORMATION - FOR FLEET OPERATIONS USE_________________________________________________$_______._____ Gasoline Charges (cont.)____________________________________________$_______._____ Veh.___________ Credit Card #___________ TOTAL CHARGES INCURRED_$_______._____ White: Fleet Operations Yellow: Billing Copy

Russell, Lynn

129

Applying engineering and fleet detail to represent passenger vehicle transport in  

E-print Network

Applying engineering and fleet detail to represent passenger vehicle transport in a computable engineering and fleet detail to represent passenger vehicle transport in a computable general equilibrium for passenger vehicle transport, retaining supplemental physical accounting for vehicle stock, fuel use

130

An analysis of discards from the French trawler fleet in the Celtic Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discards of the French trawler fleet operating in the Celtic Sea in 1997 were studied. Twenty-six trips, representing 0.8% of the total fishing effort, were sampled. This fleet consists of three metiers, benthic trawlers, Gadoid trawlers and Nephrops trawlers. The fleet discarded an estimated 30 000 tons of animals in 1997, while landing 63 000 tons. The total quantity discarded

Marie-Joelle Rochet; Isabelle Peronnet; Verena M. Trenkel

2002-01-01

131

41 CFR 102-34.55 - Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? 102-34...102-34.55 Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? (a) Yes...executive agency meet the fleet average fuel economy standards in place as of...

2011-01-01

132

41 CFR 102-34.55 - Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? 102-34...102-34.55 Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? (a) Yes...executive agency meet the fleet average fuel economy standards in place as of...

2013-07-01

133

41 CFR 102-34.55 - Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? 102-34...102-34.55 Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? (a) Yes...executive agency meet the fleet average fuel economy standards in place as of...

2010-07-01

134

41 CFR 102-34.55 - Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? 102-34...102-34.55 Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? (a) Yes...executive agency meet the fleet average fuel economy standards in place as of...

2012-01-01

135

41 CFR 102-34.55 - Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? 102-34...102-34.55 Are there fleet average fuel economy standards we must meet? (a) Yes...executive agency meet the fleet average fuel economy standards in place as of...

2014-01-01

136

Department of Biological Engineering Fall 2012 Solar Innovations Inc. Biodiesel Fleet Fuel  

E-print Network

PENNSTATE Department of Biological Engineering Fall 2012 Solar Innovations Inc. Biodiesel Fleet work. The goal was to research and implement biodiesel into their fleet by finding the best biodiesel for the implementation of biodiesel into their fleet. This will include: · Prospective suppliers of biodiesel fuel

Demirel, Melik C.

137

77 FR 75257 - Proposed Collection of Information: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Truck Fleet Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Proposed Collection of Information: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Truck Fleet Survey...in the form of a one-time survey of medium- and heavy-duty truck fleet managers...be issued at time of approval. Title: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Truck Fleet...

2012-12-19

138

77 FR 21448 - Security Zone; 2012 Fleet Week, Port Everglades, Fort Lauderdale, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...USCG-2012-0146] RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; 2012 Fleet Week, Port Everglades, Fort Lauderdale, FL AGENCY: Coast...Everglades in Fort Lauderdale, Florida during 2012 Fleet Week. 2012 Fleet Week will take place from Wednesday, April 25, 2012...

2012-04-10

139

75 FR 71638 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...USCG-2010-0062] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot Bay...ships and aerial demonstration for Fleet Week. This supplemental notice of proposed...NPRM) entitled ``Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliot...

2010-11-24

140

75 FR 45055 - Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Security Zone; 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY...other subversive acts during Seafair Fleet Week and will do so by prohibiting any person...vessels in the 2010 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week event. Basis and Purpose Seattle's...

2010-08-02

141

77 FR 40521 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY...Protection Zone in Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week, while those vessels are in the Sector...subversive acts during Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Parade of Ships and while moored in...

2012-07-10

142

77 FR 35862 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...USCG-2010-0062] Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay...The Coast Guard will enforce the Fleet Week Maritime Festival's Pier 66 Safety Zone...will enforce the Safety Zone for the Fleet Week Maritime Festival in 33 CFR...

2012-06-15

143

77 FR 5747 - Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Security Zones, Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA AGENCY...Protection Zone in Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week, while those vessels are in the Sector...subversive acts during Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week Parade of Ships and while moored in...

2012-02-06

144

75 FR 20778 - Security Zone; Portland Rose Festival Fleet Week, Willamette River, Portland, OR  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Security Zone; Portland Rose Festival Fleet Week, Willamette River, Portland, OR AGENCY...during the Portland Rose Festival Fleet Week from June 2, 2010, through June 7, 2010...and other vessels participating in Fleet Week as well as the maritime public in...

2010-04-21

145

75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...USCG-2010-0062] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay...events associated with the annual Fleet Week Maritime Festival. Entry into, transit...events associated with the annual Fleet Week Maritime Festival. This safety zone...

2010-02-25

146

76 FR 40617 - Security Zone; 2011 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, Washington  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Security Zone; 2011 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, Washington...vessel is participating in the Seafair Fleet Week Parade of Ships and while moored following...other subversive acts during Seafair Fleet Week Parade of Ships and will do so by...

2011-07-11

147

76 FR 47996 - Security Zone; 2011 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Security Zone; 2011 Seattle Seafair Fleet Week Moving Vessels, Puget Sound, WA; Correction...participating the 2011 Seattle's Seafair Fleet Week. This document corrects the list of visiting...vessel is participating in the Seafair Fleet Week Parade of Ships and while moored...

2011-08-08

148

77 FR 57494 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Fireworks, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, CA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...USCG-2012-0787] Safety Zone; Fleet Week Fireworks, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco...will enforce the safety zone for the Fleet Week Fireworks in the Captain of the Port...23'27'' W (NAD83) for the Fleet Week Fireworks in 33 CFR 165.1191,...

2012-09-18

149

Multiwavelets and Integer Transforms Patrick J. Van Fleet  

E-print Network

Multiwavelets and Integer Transforms Patrick J. Van Fleet Abstract In many applications of image processing, the given data are integer-valued. It is therefore desirable to construct transformations that map data of this type to an integer or rational ring. Calderbank, Daubechies, Sweldens, and Yeo 1

Van Fleet, Patrick

150

An Adaptive Dynamic Programming Algorithm for Dynamic Fleet  

E-print Network

An Adaptive Dynamic Programming Algorithm for Dynamic Fleet Management, II: Multiperiod Travel introduced an adaptive dynamic programming algorithm for stochastic dynamic resource allocation problems a dynamic programming framework. That paper considered only the case in which the time to complete an action

Powell, Warren B.

151

Optimal Fueling Strategies for Locomotive Fleets in Railroad Networks  

E-print Network

Optimal Fueling Strategies for Locomotive Fleets in Railroad Networks Seyed Mohammad Nourbakhsh;Locomotive Routes in a Network 6 Candidate fuel station Contracted fuel station #12;Motivation · Usage and purchase fuel where fuel prices are relatively low (without significantly interrupting locomotive

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

152

A Parallelizable Dynamic Fleet Management Model with Random Travel Times  

E-print Network

A Parallelizable Dynamic Fleet Management Model with Random Travel Times Huseyin Topaloglu June 24 with random travel times. Our approach decomposes the problem into time-staged subproblems by formulating it as a dynamic program and uses approximations of the value function. In order to deal with random travel times

Topaloglu, Huseyin

153

Smart Ocean Sensing Using the Telesupervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes field test results to date using a multi-robot science exploration software architecture and system called the Telesupervised Adaptive Ocean Sensor Fleet (TAOSF). TAOSF supervises and coordinates a group of robotic boats, the Ocean-Atmosphere Sensor Integration System (OASIS) platforms, to enable in situ study of phenomena in the ocean- atmosphere interface. TAOSF allows a human operator to effectively

John M. Dolan; Gregg W. Podnar; Alberto Elfes; Stephen Stancliff; Ellie Lin; John Higinbotham; Jeffrey C. Hosler; John Moisan; Tiffany A. Moisan

154

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fleet and Baseline Performance Testing  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts baseline performance and fleet testing of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on seven HEV models and accumulated 1.4 million fleet testing miles on 26 HEVs. The HEV models tested or in testing include: Toyota Gen I and Gen II Prius, and Highlander; Honda Insight, Civic and Accord; Chevrolet Silverado; Ford Escape; and Lexus RX 400h. The baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed track testing to document the HEV’s fuel economy (SAE J1634) and performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model are driven to 160,000 miles per vehicle within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events, and fuel use is recorded and used to compile life-cycle costs. At the conclusion of the 160,000 miles of fleet testing, the SAE J1634 tests are rerun and each HEV battery pack is tested. These AVTA testing activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory, Electric Transportation Applications, and Exponent Failure Analysis Associates. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

J. Francfort; D. Karner

2006-04-01

155

JSC Case Study: Fleet Experience with E-85 Fuel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

JSC has used E-85 as part of an overall strategy to comply with Presidential Executive Order 13423 and the Energy Policy Act. As a Federal fleet, we are required to reduce our petroleum consumption by 2 percent per year, and increase the use of alternative fuels in our vehicles. With the opening of our onsite dispenser in October 2004, JSC became the second federal fleet in Texas and the fifth NASA center to add E-85 fueling capability. JSC has a relatively small number of GSA Flex Fuel fleet vehicles at the present time (we don't include personal vehicles, or other contractor's non-GSA fleet), and there were no reasonably available retail E-85 fuel stations within a 15-minute drive or within five miles (one way). So we decided to install a small 1000 gallon onsite tank and dispenser. It was difficult to obtain a supplier due to our low monthly fuel consumption, and our fuel supplier contract has changed three times in less than five years. We experiences a couple of fuel contamination and quality control issues. JSC obtained good information on E-85 from the National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition (NEVC). We also spoke with Defense Energy Support Center, (DESC), Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, and US Army Fort Leonard Wood. E-85 is a liquid fuel that is dispensed into our Flexible Fuel Vehicles identically to regular gasoline, so it was easy for our vehicle drivers to make the transition.

Hummel, Kirck

2009-01-01

156

Biofuels, Climate Policy, and the European Vehicle Fleet  

E-print Network

Biofuels, Climate Policy, and the European Vehicle Fleet Xavier Gitiaux, Sebastian Rausch, Sergey-411, Cambridge MA 02139-4307, USA (rausch@mit.edu). Xavier Gitiaux, Sergey Paltsev, and John M. Reilly model used here is in part supported by the US Department of Energy, US Environmental Protection Agency

157

Smart adaptable network device for fleet management and driver coaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

As one major challenge today in transport is the reduction of greenhouse gas emission and the decrease of fuel consumption, the development of methods for the optimal use of a vehicle and fuel savings becomes then mandatory. Fleet management is especially concerned by this problem. Moreover, for the EUR05 norm to be fully efficient, the driver becomes a key player.

M. Delehaye; D. Hubaux; L. Guedria; J.-D. Legat; T. Delvaulx; B. Goffard

2007-01-01

158

On the indentation recovery and fleeting hardness of polymers  

E-print Network

On the indentation recovery and fleeting hardness of polymers Catherine A. Tweedie and Krystyn J and volume within 48 h. This viscoelastic response demonstrates that indentation hardness values indentation hardness does not quantitatively or qualitatively predict recoverable work or residual deformation

Van Vliet, Krystyn J.

159

COORDINATION OF AN UNDERWATER GLIDER FLEET FOR ADAPTIVE OCEAN SAMPLING  

E-print Network

COORDINATION OF AN UNDERWATER GLIDER FLEET FOR ADAPTIVE OCEAN SAMPLING PRADEEP BHATTA, EDWARD RUSS E. DAVIS Institute for Ocean Technology Scripps Institution of Oceanography St. John's, NL A1B 3T5-4000 Li`ege, Belgium E-mail: dfratantoni@whoi.edu E-mail: r.sepulchre@ulg.ac.be The Autonomous Ocean

Leonard, Naomi

160

Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing for Fleets Functionalities  

E-print Network

Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing for Fleets Functionalities §Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing + Calculate route based on historical traffic pattern + Find the best start time of delivery §Time-Dependent Window Vehicle Routing + Decision making and economical routing + Decide the appropriate time

Shahabi, Cyrus

161

SIMONE: A fleet of Near-Earth Object rendezvous microsatellites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SIMONE (Spacecraft Intercept Missions to Objects Near Earth) concept has recently been developed as part of an ESA-funded study (Near Earth Objects Space Mission Preparation). The SIMONE study, led by QinetiQ, with scientific aspects led by the Open University's Planetary and Space Sciences Research Institute, is to help understand the diversity of the NEO population using a fleet of

S. F. Green; N. S. Wells; A. J. Ball; F. Bernelli-Zazzera; E. Perozzi; M. Townend; R. G. Walker; J. C. Zarnecki

2003-01-01

162

[Disease control on the Russian fleet in XVIII century].  

PubMed

Disease control in domestic fleet in XVIII century was a part of government measures concerning protection of the territory of the Russian Empire from the penetration of dangerous infectious diseases. Understanding the role fleet could play in the spread of infection, the government sought to prevent its entry from the sea. Following this task, in the early 20-s of XVIII century on islands of the Gulf Seskar and Wolf organized sanitary quarantine stations where ships from unfavorable in relation to the epidemic areas stayed before they pester the Russian shore. Eventually when the Black Sea Fleet was created, similar items appeared in Ochakov, Sevastopol, Feodosia, Yalta and Kerch. In XVIII century health legislation was supplemented by a number of regulations relating to the activities of the fleet. In particular, during the reign of Peter I epidemic rules were composed, which, as it became known, lasted for about sixty years. In 1786, the band released a set of quarantine rules designed to streamline the work of sanitary and quarantine stations. Important for protection against the penetration of Russian borders infectious diseases had timely warning of epidemics broke out abroad. Cooperating with European countries in the prevention and control of communicable diseases, Russia has successfully developed methods antiepidemic protection. PMID:25046938

Kostiuk, A V

2014-03-01

163

Path Planning Algorithms for the Adaptive Sensor Fleet  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Adaptive Sensor Fleet (ASF) is a general purpose fleet management and planning system being developed by NASA in coordination with NOAA. The current mission of ASF is to provide the capability for autonomous cooperative survey and sampling of dynamic oceanographic phenomena such as current systems and algae blooms. Each ASF vessel is a software model that represents a real world platform that carries a variety of sensors. The OASIS platform will provide the first physical vessel, outfitted with the systems and payloads necessary to execute the oceanographic observations described in this paper. The ASF architecture is being designed for extensibility to accommodate heterogenous fleet elements, and is not limited to using the OASIS platform to acquire data. This paper describes the path planning algorithms developed for the acquisition phase of a typical ASF task. Given a polygonal target region to be surveyed, the region is subdivided according to the number of vessels in the fleet. The subdivision algorithm seeks a solution in which all subregions have equal area and minimum mean radius. Once the subregions are defined, a dynamic programming method is used to find a minimum-time path for each vessel from its initial position to its assigned region. This path plan includes the effects of water currents as well as avoidance of known obstacles. A fleet-level planning algorithm then shuffles the individual vessel assignments to find the overall solution which puts all vessels in their assigned regions in the minimum time. This shuffle algorithm may be described as a process of elimination on the sorted list of permutations of a cost matrix. All these path planning algorithms are facilitated by discretizing the region of interest onto a hexagonal tiling.

Stoneking, Eric; Hosler, Jeff

2005-01-01

164

Why has car-fleet specific fuel consumption not shown any decrease since 1990? Quantitative analysis of Dutch passenger car-fleet specific fuel consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Dutch car-fleet specific fuel consumption has not shown any decrease since 1990. The main reasons for the car-fleet specific fuel consumption no longer showing a decrease after 1990, namely, increases in vehicle weight and cylinder capacity, have been concluded from an analysis of Dutch car-fleet specific fuel consumption in the period 1980–1997. The increase in weight of the average

Robert M. M Van den Brink; Bert Van Wee

2001-01-01

165

A novel colonoscopic approach for the management of a Malone antegrade continence enema channel, which cannot be catheterized in the immediate postoperative period: a case report.  

PubMed

Early Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) complications are rare, but can be devastating, particularly if they involve loss of the channel. Management of these complications is not well described. We report on a patient who had her MACE channel successfully salvaged in the immediate postoperative period using a colonoscopic retrograde wire and catheter placement after failing antegrade percutaneous endoscopic management. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a novel, colonoscopic, minimally invasive technique of managing select MACE channels, which cannot be otherwise recatheterized. We also review the management of postoperative MACE complications. PMID:25306482

Szymanski, Konrad M; Keenan, Alison; Cain, Mark P; Waseem, Shamaila; Kaefer, Martin

2014-12-01

166

Storied Era of Journalism Passes on Fleet Street  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In a world characterized by impersonal and sometimes distant interactions over the phone or email, Fleet Street in central London remained a place where journalists (amateur and professional) gathered to ruminate about the news and just about any topic that came to mind. For more than 300 years, the area was the nerve center of British journalism, as it served as the home of many of the country's leading newspapers. The death-knell for this era effectively ended this past Wednesday as the last major news office on the street closed its doors for good. A variety of technological improvements in the past several decades allowed newspapers to move their primary publishing plants outside of the area, and this part of central London is primarily a legal and banking center. As the former editor of the Daily Mirror commented, "You can practice journalism anywhere. It's become an electronic industry now, not so much with people going out into the towns and streets and telephoning their copy back to the office." There were several special events planned this week to mark this event, including a service held at St. Bride's, which is known as a journalists' church in the area.The first link leads to a story from Newsday which talks about the recent demise of Fleet Street as a hub for journalists and news agencies. The second link leads to a story from the BBC regarding the church service held to mark the departure of Reuters from Fleet Street this past week. The third story is from the Guardian, and offers some first-hand recollections of Fleet Street from Mark Oliver, along with a few helpful hypertext links. The fourth link allows visitors the ability to listen to a feature from NPR's Morning Edition about Fleet Street. The fifth link takes visitors to the homepage of St. Brides, popularly known as the "journalists' church" in the Fleet Street area. The sixth and final link will take users to a page that provides a bit of information about the Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese pub, a gathering place for salty journalists and other such curmudgeons.

167

Zinc phosphate conversion coatings  

DOEpatents

Zinc phosphate conversion coatings for producing metals which exhibit enhanced corrosion prevention characteristics are prepared by the addition of a transition-metal-compound promoter comprising a manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, or copper compound and an electrolyte such as polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, polyitaconic acid and poly-L-glutamic acid to a phosphating solution. These coatings are further improved by the incorporation of Fe ions. Thermal treatment of zinc phosphate coatings to generate .alpha.-phase anhydrous zinc phosphate improves the corrosion prevention qualities of the resulting coated metal.

Sugama, Toshifumi (Wading River, NY)

1997-01-01

168

Executive Order 13514: Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance; Comprehensive Federal Fleet Management Handbook (Book)  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive Federal Fleet Management Handbook that builds upon the "Guidance for Federal Agencies on E.O. 13514 Section 12-Federal Fleet Management" and provides information to help fleet managers select optimal greenhouse gas and petroleum reduction strategies for each location, meeting or exceeding related fleet requirements, acquiring vehicles to support these strategies while minimizing fleet size and vehicle miles traveled, and refining strategies based on agency performance.

Daley, R.; Ahdieh, N.; Bentley, J.

2014-01-01

169

Aircraft Anomaly Detection Using Performance Models Trained on Fleet Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes an application of data mining technology called Distributed Fleet Monitoring (DFM) to Flight Operational Quality Assurance (FOQA) data collected from a fleet of commercial aircraft. DFM transforms the data into aircraft performance models, flight-to-flight trends, and individual flight anomalies by fitting a multi-level regression model to the data. The model represents aircraft flight performance and takes into account fixed effects: flight-to-flight and vehicle-to-vehicle variability. The regression parameters include aerodynamic coefficients and other aircraft performance parameters that are usually identified by aircraft manufacturers in flight tests. Using DFM, the multi-terabyte FOQA data set with half-million flights was processed in a few hours. The anomalies found include wrong values of competed variables, (e.g., aircraft weight), sensor failures and baises, failures, biases, and trends in flight actuators. These anomalies were missed by the existing airline monitoring of FOQA data exceedances.

Gorinevsky, Dimitry; Matthews, Bryan L.; Martin, Rodney

2012-01-01

170

CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 5, employee attitude assessment  

SciTech Connect

The experiences of couriers, operations managers, vehicle handlers (refuelers), and mechanics who drove and/or worked with alternative fuel vehicles, and the attitudes and perceptions of people with these experiences, are examined. Five alternative fuels studied in the CleanFleet project are considers& compressed natural gas, propane gas, California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline, M-85, and electricity. The three major areas of interest include comparative analysis of issues such as health, safety and vehicle performance, business issues encompassing several facets of station operations, and personal commentary and opinions about the CleanFleet project and the alterative fuels. Results of the employee attitude assessment are presented as both statistical and qualitative analysis.

NONE

1995-12-01

171

Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project  

SciTech Connect

General Motors, LLC and energy partner Shell Hydrogen, LLC, deployed a system of hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles integrated with a hydrogen fueling station infrastructure to operate under real world conditions as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Validation and Demonstration Project. This technical report documents the performance and describes the learnings from progressive generations of vehicle fuel cell system technology and multiple approaches to hydrogen generation and delivery for vehicle fueling.

Stottler, Gary

2012-02-08

172

Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center support for GODAE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Navy's Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC; see http:\\/\\/www.fnmoc.navy.mil\\/), located in Monterey, CA, is the lead activity within the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) for numerical weather prediction and coupled air-sea modeling. FNMOC fulfills this role through means of a suite of sophisticated global and regional meteorological and oceanographic (METOC) models, extending from the top of the

D. Dimitriou; P. Sharfstein; M. Ignaszewski; M. Clancy

2003-01-01

173

The ethanol heavy-duty truck fleet demonstration project  

SciTech Connect

This project was designed to test and demonstrate the use of a high- percentage ethanol-blended fuel in a fleet of heavy-duty, over-the- road trucks, paying particular attention to emissions, performance, and repair and maintenance costs. This project also represents the first public demonstration of the use of ethanol fuels as a viable alternative to conventional diesel fuel in heavy-duty engines.

NONE

1997-06-01

174

The Federal Methanol Fleet: Summary of technical data  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Methanol Fleet, initiated in 1985 with an appropriation from the US Congress, is now in its final stages of operation. A great deal has been learned while vehicles have accumulated approximately 1.4 million miles (2.2 million kilometers) in routine government fleet service. This paper summarizes those results that are technical in nature and that reveal the status of methanol engine technology. Specifically, results from emissions test, special lubricant tests, and cold-starting experiments are reported herein. Emissions control systems in methanol vehicles were found generally to decline somewhat in performance over time as compared to their gasoline counterpart vehicles, although this was not universally true. The severe effects on methanol engine lubricant performance resulting from cold-engine, short-trip service was demonstrated in a series of special tests of two cars, methanol and gasoline, in side-by-side service. Methanol fleet vehicles incorporated a variety of approaches to the cold-start problem -- ranging from no special engineering or systems to sophisticated systems designed to overcome the problem entirely. Cold-start systems specially designed for these vehicles did not perform as well as had been expected, probably because they were early prototype versions and were subject to some early, unforeseen problems.

McGill, R.N.; Graves, R.L.; West, B.H. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Hodgson, J.W. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

1991-04-01

175

First interim report of the Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force was created by Executive Order 12844, signed by President Clinton on April 21, 1993. In the Order, the President directed that purchases of alternative fueled vehicles by the Federal Government be substantially increased beyond the levels required by current law. The President charged the Task Force with developing recommendations for carrying out the Executive Order, with special emphasis on setting a course that will lead to the widespread use of alternative fueled vehicles by Federal, State, and local government fleets, by private fleets and, ultimately, by individuals. The chief recommendation of the Task Force is the establishment of a Presidential Clean Cities Initiative. To support creation of the Presidential Initiative, the Task Force identified 38 cities and regions, prioritized into three tiers, for concentrating the Initiative`s efforts in Fiscal Years 1994 through 1996. This concentration of effort is key to the effectiveness of the Initiative. The 38 cities and regions would receive priority funding for Federal vehicle purchases and for infrastructure development. In addition, the Task Force has made specific recommendations for overcoming numerous regulatory, economic, and technical barriers that have slowed the introduction of alternative fueled vehicles into general use.

Not Available

1993-08-01

176

Evolution of the household vehicle fleet: Anticipating fleet composition, PHEV adoption and GHG emissions in Austin, Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today’s world of volatile fuel prices and climate concerns, there is little study on the relationship between vehicle ownership patterns and attitudes toward vehicle cost (including fuel prices and feebates) and vehicle technologies. This work provides new data on ownership decisions and owner preferences under various scenarios, coupled with calibrated models to microsimulate Austin’s personal-fleet evolution.Opinion survey results suggest

Sashank Musti; Kara M. Kockelman

2011-01-01

177

PHOSPHATE MANAGEMENT: FY2010 RESULTS OF PHOSPHATE PRECIPITATION TESTS  

SciTech Connect

The Phosphate Management program seeks to develop treatment options for caustic phosphate solutions resulting from the caustic leaching of the bismuth phosphate sludge. The SRNL subtask investigated the precipitation of phosphate salts from caustic solutions through addition of fluoride and by crystallization. The scoping tests examined the: precipitation of phosphate by the addition of sodium fluoride to form the sodium fluorophosphate double salt, Na{sub 7}F(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} {center_dot} 19H{sub 2}O, crystallization of phosphate by reducing the temperature of saturated phosphate solutions, and combinations of precipitation and crystallization. A simplified leachate simulant was used in the study produced by dissolving sodium phosphate in 1 M to 3.5 M sodium hydroxide solutions. The results show that all three processes; precipitation with sodium fluoride, crystallization, and combined precipitation/crystallization can be effective for removing large amounts of phosphate from solution. The combined process of precipitation/crystallization showed >90% removal of phosphate at all hydroxide concentrations when cooling a non-saturated phosphate solution from 65 C to 25 C. Based on the measured solubility of sodium phosphate, pH adjustment/caustic addition will also remove large amounts of phosphate from solution (>80%). For all three processes, the phosphate concentration in the caustic solution must be managed to keep the phosphate from becoming too concentrated and thereby potentially forming a solid mass of sodium phosphate after an effective phosphate removal process.

Hay, M.; King, W.

2011-04-04

178

Myths regarding alternative fuel vehicle demand by light-duty vehicle fleets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public and private vehicle fleets have long been targeted as an ideal initial market for alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). We examine seven widely accepted hypotheses regarding the potential fleet market for AFVs. The hypotheses are tested using data and information collected from focus group sessions, one-on-one interviews with fleet operators, and a large two-part survey administered to over 2700 California

Kevin Nesbitt; Daniel Sperling

1998-01-01

179

Initial development of a practical safety audit tool to assess fleet safety management practices.  

PubMed

Work-related vehicle crashes are a common cause of occupational injury. Yet, there are few studies that investigate management practices used for light vehicle fleets (i.e. vehicles less than 4.5 tonnes). One of the impediments to obtaining and sharing information on effective fleet safety management is the lack of an evidence-based, standardised measurement tool. This article describes the initial development of an audit tool to assess fleet safety management practices in light vehicle fleets. The audit tool was developed by triangulating information from a review of the literature on fleet safety management practices and from semi-structured interviews with 15 fleet managers and 21 fleet drivers. A preliminary useability assessment was conducted with 5 organisations. The audit tool assesses the management of fleet safety against five core categories: (1) management, systems and processes; (2) monitoring and assessment; (3) employee recruitment, training and education; (4) vehicle technology, selection and maintenance; and (5) vehicle journeys. Each of these core categories has between 1 and 3 sub-categories. Organisations are rated at one of 4 levels on each sub-category. The fleet safety management audit tool is designed to identify the extent to which fleet safety is managed in an organisation against best practice. It is intended that the audit tool be used to conduct audits within an organisation to provide an indicator of progress in managing fleet safety and to consistently benchmark performance against other organisations. Application of the tool by fleet safety researchers is now needed to inform its further development and refinement and to permit psychometric evaluation. PMID:22342958

Mitchell, Rebecca; Friswell, Rena; Mooren, Lori

2012-07-01

180

Vehicular fleet operation on natural gas and propane: An overview. Final research report  

SciTech Connect

The report attempts to contribute to the timely area of alternative vehicular fuels. It addresses the analysis of fleet operation on alternative fuels, specifically compressed natural gas (CNG) and propane, in terms of both fleet economics and societal impacts. Comprehensive information on engine technology, fueling infrastructure design, and societal impacts are presented. An evaluation framework useful for decisions between any vehicular fuels is developed. The comprehensive fleet cost-effectiveness analysis framework used in previous Project 983 reports is discussed in great detail. This framework/model is flexible enough to allow substantial sensitivity and scenario analysis. The model is used to perform sample analyses of both fleet economic and societal impacts.

Taylor, D.B.; Mahmassani, H.; Euritt, M.A.

1992-11-01

181

Fleet Compliance Results for MY 2010/FY 2011, EPAct Alternative Fuel Transportation Program: State and Alternative Fuel Provider Fleet Compliance Annual Report (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This annual report summarizes the compliance results of state and alternative fuel provider fleets covered by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) for model year 2010/fiscal year 2011. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) regulates covered state and alternative fuel provider (SFP) fleets under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), as amended. For model year (MY) 2010, the compliance rate for the 2911 covered SFP fleets was 100%. Fleets used either Standard Compliance or Alternative Compliance. The 279 fleets that used Standard Compliance exceeded their aggregate MY 2010 acquisition requirements by 61%. The 12 covered fleets that complied using Alternative Compliance exceeded their aggregate MY 2010 petroleum-use-reduction requirements by 89%. Overall, DOE saw modest decreases from MY 2009 in biodiesel fuel use credits earned and in the number of light-duty vehicles (LDVs) acquired. Compared to years before MY 2009, these rates were far lower. Because covered fleets acquired fewer new vehicles overall in MY 2010, the requirement for alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), which is proportional to new acquisitions, also dropped.

Not Available

2012-03-01

182

Osteoinduction by calcium phosphate biomaterials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different materials were implanted in muscles of dogs to study the osteoinduction of calcium phosphate biomaterials. Bone formation was only seen in calcium phosphate biomaterials with micropores, and could be found in hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramic, tricalcium phosphate\\/hydroxyapatite ceramic (BCP), ß-TCP ceramic and calcium phosphate cement. The osteoinductive potential was different in different materials. The results indicate that osteoinduction can be

Huipin Yuan; Zongjian Yang; Yubao Li; Xingdong Zhang; J. D. De Bruijn; K. De Groot

1998-01-01

183

Chloroquine Phosphate Oral  

MedlinePLUS

... treat malaria. It is also used to treat amebiasis.This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ... phosphate your child should receive.For treatment of amebiasis, one dose is usually taken for 2 days ...

184

Metal-phosphate binders  

DOEpatents

A metal-phosphate binder is provided. The binder may include an aqueous phosphoric acid solution, a metal-cation donor including a metal other than aluminum, an aluminum-cation donor, and a non-carbohydrate electron donor.

Howe, Beth Ann [Lewistown, IL; Chaps-Cabrera, Jesus Guadalupe [Coahuila, MX

2009-05-12

185

Phosphate control in dialysis.  

PubMed

Prevention and correction of hyperphosphatemia is a major goal of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) management, achievable through avoidance of a positive phosphate balance. To this aim, optimal dialysis removal, careful use of phosphate binders, and dietary phosphate control are needed to optimize the control of phosphate balance in well-nourished patients on a standard three-times-a-week hemodialysis schedule. Using a mixed diffusive-convective hemodialysis tecniques, and increasing the number and/or the duration of dialysis tecniques are all measures able to enhance phosphorus (P) mass removal through dialysis. However, dialytic removal does not equal the high P intake linked to the high dietary protein requirement of dialysis patients; hence, the use of intestinal P binders is mandatory to reduce P net intestinal absorption. Unfortunately, even a large dose of P binders is able to bind approximately 200-300 mg of P on a daily basis, so it is evident that their efficacy is limited in the case of an uncontrolled dietary P load. Hence, limitation of dietary P intake is needed to reach the goal of neutral phosphate balance in dialysis, coupled to an adequate protein intake. To this aim, patients should be informed and educated to avoid foods that are naturally rich in phosphate and also processed food with P-containing preservatives. In addition, patients should preferentially choose food with a low P-to-protein ratio. For example, patients could choose egg white or protein from a vegetable source. Finally, boiling should be the preferred cooking procedure, because it induces food demineralization, including phosphate loss. The integrated approach outlined in this article should be actively adapted as a therapeutic alliance by clinicians, dieticians, and patients for an effective control of phosphate balance in dialysis patients. PMID:24133374

Cupisti, Adamasco; Gallieni, Maurizio; Rizzo, Maria Antonietta; Caria, Stefania; Meola, Mario; Bolasco, Piergiorgio

2013-01-01

186

Phosphate control in dialysis  

PubMed Central

Prevention and correction of hyperphosphatemia is a major goal of chronic kidney disease–mineral and bone disorder (CKD–MBD) management, achievable through avoidance of a positive phosphate balance. To this aim, optimal dialysis removal, careful use of phosphate binders, and dietary phosphate control are needed to optimize the control of phosphate balance in well-nourished patients on a standard three-times-a-week hemodialysis schedule. Using a mixed diffusive–convective hemodialysis tecniques, and increasing the number and/or the duration of dialysis tecniques are all measures able to enhance phosphorus (P) mass removal through dialysis. However, dialytic removal does not equal the high P intake linked to the high dietary protein requirement of dialysis patients; hence, the use of intestinal P binders is mandatory to reduce P net intestinal absorption. Unfortunately, even a large dose of P binders is able to bind approximately 200–300 mg of P on a daily basis, so it is evident that their efficacy is limited in the case of an uncontrolled dietary P load. Hence, limitation of dietary P intake is needed to reach the goal of neutral phosphate balance in dialysis, coupled to an adequate protein intake. To this aim, patients should be informed and educated to avoid foods that are naturally rich in phosphate and also processed food with P-containing preservatives. In addition, patients should preferentially choose food with a low P-to-protein ratio. For example, patients could choose egg white or protein from a vegetable source. Finally, boiling should be the preferred cooking procedure, because it induces food demineralization, including phosphate loss. The integrated approach outlined in this article should be actively adapted as a therapeutic alliance by clinicians, dieticians, and patients for an effective control of phosphate balance in dialysis patients. PMID:24133374

Cupisti, Adamasco; Gallieni, Maurizio; Rizzo, Maria Antonietta; Caria, Stefania; Meola, Mario; Bolasco, Piergiorgio

2013-01-01

187

Phosphate metabolism and vitamin D  

PubMed Central

Phosphate plays many essential roles in our body. To accomplish these functions, serum phosphate needs to be maintained in a certain range. Serum phosphate level is regulated by intestinal phosphate absorption, renal phosphate handling and equilibrium of extracellular phosphate with that in bone or intracellular fluid. Several hormones such as parathyroid hormone, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) regulate serum phosphate by modulating intestinal phosphate absorption, renal phosphate reabsorption and/or bone metabolism. In addition, dietary phosphate rapidly enhances renal phosphate excretion, although detailed mechanisms of this adaptation remain to be clarified. Physiologically, extracellular concentrations of phosphate and these hormones are maintained by several negative feedback loops. For example, 1,25(OH)2D enhances FGF23 production and FGF23 reduces 1,25(OH)2D level. In addition, phosphate affects 1,25(OH)2D and FGF23 levels. Dysfunction of these negative feedback loops results in several diseases with abnormal phosphate and 1,25(OH)2D levels. Especially, excess actions of FGF23 cause several hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia with relatively low level of 1,25(OH)2D that had been classified as vitamin D-resistant rickets/osteomalacia. In contrast, deficient actions of FGF23 cause hyperphosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis. However, there still remain several unanswered questions regarding phosphate and vitamin D metabolism. PMID:24605214

Fukumoto, Seiji

2014-01-01

188

Three Component Velocity and Acceleration Measurement Using FLEET  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The femtosecond laser electronic excitation and tagging (FLEET) method has been used to measure three components of velocity and acceleration for the first time. A jet of pure N2 issuing into atmospheric pressure air was probed by the FLEET system. The femtosecond laser was focused down to a point to create a small measurement volume in the flow. The long-lived lifetime of this fluorescence was used to measure the location of the tagged particles at different times. Simultaneous images of the flow were taken from two orthogonal views using a mirror assembly and a single intensified CCD camera, allowing two components of velocity to be measured in each view. These different velocity components were combined to determine three orthogonal velocity components. The differences between subsequent velocity components could be used to measure the acceleration. Velocity accuracy and precision were roughly estimated to be +/-4 m/s and +/-10 m/s respectively. These errors were small compared to the approx. 100 m/s velocity of the subsonic jet studied.

Danehy, Paul M.; Bathel, Brett F.; Calvert, Nathan; Dogariu, Arthur; Miles, Richard P.

2014-01-01

189

Cooperative aquatic sensing using the telesupervised adaptive ocean sensor fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth science research must bridge the gap between the atmosphere and the ocean to foster understanding of Earth's climate and ecology. Typical ocean sensing is done with satellites or in situ buoys and research ships which are slow to reposition. Cloud cover inhibits study of localized transient phenomena such as Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB). A fleet of extended-deployment surface autonomous vehicles will enable in situ study of characteristics of HAB, coastal pollutants, and related phenomena. We have developed a multiplatform telesupervision architecture that supports adaptive reconfiguration based on environmental sensor inputs. Our system allows the autonomous repositioning of smart sensors for HAB study by networking a fleet of NOAA OASIS (Ocean Atmosphere Sensor Integration System) surface autonomous vehicles. In situ measurements intelligently modify the search for areas of high concentration. Inference Grid and complementary information-theoretic techniques support sensor fusion and analysis. Telesupervision supports sliding autonomy from high-level mission tasking, through vehicle and data monitoring, to teleoperation when direct human interaction is appropriate. This paper reports on experimental results from multi-platform tests conducted in the Chesapeake Bay and in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania waters using OASIS platforms, autonomous kayaks, and multiple simulated platforms to conduct cooperative sensing of chlorophyll-a and water quality.

Dolan, John M.; Podnar, Gregg W.; Stancliff, Stephen; Low, Kian Hsiang; Elfes, Alberto; Higinbotham, John; Hosler, Jeffrey; Moisan, Tiffany; Moisan, John

2009-09-01

190

Anchovies being emptied into hold of a purse-seine vessel. SAN PEDRO WETFISH FLEET  

E-print Network

10 Anchovies being emptied into hold of a purse-seine vessel. #12;SAN PEDRO WETFISH FLEET: Maior*. With the collapse of the sardine fishery in the Northwest in the late 1940s, many boats moved into California waters. The later de- cline in the early 1950s of the California sardine fishery left a sizable fleet of purse

191

Sensitivity Analysis of a Dynamic Fleet Management Model Using Approximate Dynamic Programming  

E-print Network

Sensitivity Analysis of a Dynamic Fleet Management Model Using Approximate Dynamic Programming formulates the problem as a dynamic program, decomposing it into time-staged subproblems, and replaces present tractable algorithms to assess the sensitivity of a stochastic dynamic fleet management model

Topaloglu, Huseyin

192

Optimal Fleet Management Plan Excerpt from the Vehicle Allocation Methodology (VAM) required by  

E-print Network

vendors. The USACE fleet manager will review all USACE acquisitions to ensure process is followedOptimal Fleet Management Plan Excerpt from the Vehicle Allocation Methodology (VAM) required inventory from 39% to 69% through FY15. During the annual acquisition cycle USACE will exceed

US Army Corps of Engineers

193

Innovations in communication technologies development on the Black Sea Fleet (1993–2002)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is prepared by director of Signals division of the Black Sea Fleet (1991-2002), rear admiral, chevalier Zinur Lyapin. Described in the paper is the hard period for signals division of the Black Sea Fleet, which has followed after USSR breakup, as well as innovations introduced into communication technology: wireless telephone, paging, trunking and satellite communication systems.

Z. G. Lyapin

2010-01-01

194

An integrated model for fleet routing, flight scheduling and aircraft rental planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fleet routing, flight scheduling and aircraft renting playa key role in airline carrier operations. This research rums at developmg a model to assist carriers in drafting flight timetables, providing better fleet routes, and making rental plans when market demand conditions are expected to change in the near future. The model is constructed as a time-space network and formulated as a

Shangyao Yan; Shwu-Ping Ho; Ta-Hui Yang

1997-01-01

195

76 FR 30014 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...USCG-2010-0062] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay...ships and aerial demonstration for Fleet Week. This safety zone is necessary to promote...typically occurs on a Wednesday during the last week of July or the first week in August...

2011-05-24

196

Aircraft Engine Fleet Monitoring Using Self-Organizing Maps and Edit Distance  

E-print Network

Aircraft Engine Fleet Monitoring Using Self-Organizing Maps and Edit Distance Etienne C^ome1 de la Butte verte, 93166 Noisy le Grand Cedex, France etienne.come@ifsttar.fr 2 SAMM - Universit Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 #12;Aircraft Engine Fleet Monitoring Using SOM and Edit Distance 299

Verleysen, Michel

197

40 CFR 86.1865-12 - How to comply with the fleet average CO2 standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...production-weighted fleet average carbon-related exhaust emissions...1818-12. The model type carbon-related exhaust emission...production-weighted fleet average carbon-related exhaust emissions...manufacturer must show that they have offset any exceedence of the...

2010-07-01

198

Fleet management: Assessment of the best practices Hamzi Rachida, Bourmada Noureddine  

E-print Network

Fleet management: Assessment of the best practices Hamzi Rachida, Bourmada Noureddine Laboratory of vehicles and transport services to meet these standards. Fleet management comprises all actions needed to maintain and operate pieces of equipment throughout its life from the beginning stages of equipment

Boyer, Edmond

199

76 FR 1665 - Stakeholder Meetings Regarding the U.S.-Flag Great Lakes Fleet Revitalization Study; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...MARAD-2010-0111] Stakeholder Meetings Regarding the U.S.-Flag Great Lakes Fleet Revitalization Study; Correction AGENCY: Maritime...inform the Maritime Administration's U.S.-Flag Great Lakes Fleet Revitalization Study. MARAD inadvertently...

2011-01-11

200

40 CFR 86.1864-10 - How to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards. 86.1864-10 ...to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards. (a) Applicability. Cold temperature NMHC exhaust emission standards...

2013-07-01

201

40 CFR 86.1864-10 - How to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards. 86.1864-10 ...to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards. (a) Applicability. Cold temperature NMHC exhaust emission standards...

2012-07-01

202

40 CFR 86.1864-10 - How to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards. 86.1864-10 ...to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards. (a) Applicability. Cold temperature NMHC exhaust emission standards...

2014-07-01

203

40 CFR 86.094-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject...Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...

2011-07-01

204

40 CFR 86.094-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject...Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...

2010-07-01

205

40 CFR 86.094-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject...Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...

2013-07-01

206

40 CFR 86.094-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject...Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...

2012-07-01

207

40 CFR 86.094-22 - Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject...Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled...application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters...

2014-07-01

208

77 FR 59749 - Special Local Regulations for Marine Events; San Francisco Bay Navy Fleet Week Parade of Ships...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Marine Events; San Francisco Bay Navy Fleet Week Parade of Ships and Blue Angels Demonstration...and City of San Francisco sponsored Fleet Week Parade of Navy Ships, Blue Angels Flight...the annual San Francisco Bay Navy Fleet Week Parade of Ships and Blue Angels...

2012-10-01

209

75 FR 34927 - Safety Zone; Parade of Ships, Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Parade of Ships, Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, WA AGENCY: Coast...Ships for the annual Seattle SeaFair Fleet Week. This action is intended to restrict vessel...spectators and participants attending Fleet Week Maritime Festival. Delaying the...

2010-06-21

210

Phosphate and Klotho  

PubMed Central

Klotho is a putative aging suppressor gene encoding a single-pass transmembrane co-receptor that makes the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptor specific for FGF-23. In addition to multiple endocrine organs, Klotho is expressed in kidney distal convoluted tubules and parathyroid cells, mediating the role of FGF-23 in bone–kidney–parathyroid control of phosphate and calcium. Klotho–/– mice display premature aging and chronic kidney disease-associated mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD)-like phenotypes mediated by hyperphosphatemia and remediated by phosphate-lowering interventions (diets low in phosphate or vitamin D; knockouts of 1?-hydroxylase, vitamin D receptor, or NaPi cotransporter). CKD can be seen as a state of hyperphosphatemia-induced accelerated aging associated with Klotho deficiency. Humans with CKD experience decreased Klotho expression as early as stage 1 CKD; Klotho continues to decline as CKD progresses, causing FGF-23 resistance and provoking large FGF-23 and parathyroid hormone increases, and hypovitaminosis D. Secreted Klotho protein, formed by extracellular clipping, exerts FGF-23-independent phosphaturic and calcium-conserving effects through its paracrine action on the proximal and distal tubules, respectively. We contend that decreased Klotho expression is the earliest biomarker of CKD and the initiator of CKD-MBD pathophysiology. Maintaining normal phosphate levels with phosphate binders in patients with CKD with declining Klotho expression is expected to reduce mineral and vascular derangements. PMID:21346722

Kuro-o, Makoto

2011-01-01

211

Phosphate Mines, Jordan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Jordan's leading industry and export commodities are phosphate and potash, ranked in the top three in the world. These are used to make fertilizer. The Jordan Phosphate Mines Company is the sole producer, having started operations in 1935. In addition to mining activities, the company produces phosphoric acid (for fertilizers, detergents, pharmaceuticals), diammonium phosphate (for fertilizer), sulphuric acid (many uses), and aluminum fluoride (a catalyst to make aluminum and magnesium).

The image covers an area of 27.5 x 49.4 km, was acquired on September 17, 2005, and is located near 30.8 degrees north latitude, 36.1 degrees east longitude.

The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.

2008-01-01

212

CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 7, vehicle emissions  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of exhaust and evaporative emissions from Clean Fleet vans running on M-85, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), propane gas, and a control gasoline (RF-A) are presented. Three vans from each combination of vehicle manufacturer and fuel were tested at the California Air Resources Board (ARB) as they accumulated mileage in the demonstration. Data are presented on regulated emissions, ozone precursors, air toxics, and greenhouse gases. The emissions tests provide information on in-use emissions. That is, the vans were taken directly from daily commercial service and tested at the ARB. The differences in alternative fuel technology provide the basis for a range of technology options. The emissions data reflect these differences, with classes of vehicle/fuels producing either more or less emissions for various compounds relative to the control gasoline.

NONE

1995-12-01

213

Integrated operations/payloads/fleet analysis. Volume 2: Payloads  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The payloads for NASA and non-NASA missions of the integrated fleet are analyzed to generate payload data for the capture and cost analyses for the period 1979 to 1990. Most of the effort is on earth satellites, probes, and planetary missions because of the space shuttle's ability to retrieve payloads for repair, overhaul, and maintenance. Four types of payloads are considered: current expendable payload; current reusable payload; low cost expendable payload, (satellite to be used with expendable launch vehicles); and low cost reusable payload (satellite to be used with the space shuttle/space tug system). Payload weight analysis, structural sizing analysis, and the influence of mean mission duration on program cost are also discussed. The payload data were computerized, and printouts of the data for payloads for each program or mission are included.

1971-01-01

214

An Optimization Method for Condition Based Maintenance of Aircraft Fleet Considering Prognostics Uncertainty  

PubMed Central

An optimization method for condition based maintenance (CBM) of aircraft fleet considering prognostics uncertainty is proposed. The CBM and dispatch process of aircraft fleet is analyzed first, and the alternative strategy sets for single aircraft are given. Then, the optimization problem of fleet CBM with lower maintenance cost and dispatch risk is translated to the combinatorial optimization problem of single aircraft strategy. Remain useful life (RUL) distribution of the key line replaceable Module (LRM) has been transformed into the failure probability of the aircraft and the fleet health status matrix is established. And the calculation method of the costs and risks for mission based on health status matrix and maintenance matrix is given. Further, an optimization method for fleet dispatch and CBM under acceptable risk is proposed based on an improved genetic algorithm. Finally, a fleet of 10 aircrafts is studied to verify the proposed method. The results shows that it could realize optimization and control of the aircraft fleet oriented to mission success. PMID:24892046

Chen, Yiran; Sun, Bo; Li, Songjie

2014-01-01

215

Reaction between Monocalcium Phosphate and Calcium Carbonate  

Microsoft Academic Search

WHEN an acid phosphate is applied to a soil containing calcium carbonate or mixed with liming material a reaction will occur leading to the formation of more basic phosphates such as dicalcium phosphate, octocalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite.

S. Larsen; D. J. Parton; Inga-Lisa Svensson

1963-01-01

216

Calcium Phosphate Nanoparticle Adjuvant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vaccination to protect against human infectious diseases may be enhanced by using adjuvants that can selec- tively stimulate immunoregulatory responses. In a murine model, a novel nanoparticulate adjuvant composed of calcium phosphate (CAP) was compared with the commonly used aluminum (alum) adjuvants for its ability to induce immunity to herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections.

QING HE; ALAINA R. MITCHELL; STACY L. JOHNSON; CLAUS WAGNER-BARTAK; TULIN MORCOL; STEVE J. D. BELL

2000-01-01

217

Calcium Phosphates and Human Beings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes the general importance of calcium phosphates for human beings. The basic information on the structure and chemical properties of the biologically relevant calcium phosphates is summarized. Basic facts on the natural occurrence and the industrial use of natural calcium phosphates are discussed. Fundamental details on the presence of calcium phosphates in major calcified tissues (bones and teeth) of humans and mammals, as well as on biomaterials made of calcium phosphates are discussed. The article will be of value for chemistry teachers for expansion of their general background and point the students' attention to the rapidly growing topic of bone-substituting biomaterials.

Dorozhkin, Sergey V.

2006-05-01

218

Biomediated continuous release phosphate fertilizer  

DOEpatents

A composition is disclosed for providing phosphate fertilizer to the root zone of plants. The composition comprises a microorganism capable of producing and secreting a solubilization agent, a carbon source for providing raw material for the microorganism to convert into the solubilization agent, and rock phosphate ore for providing a source of insoluble phosphate that is solubilized by the solubilization agent and released as soluble phosphate. The composition is provided in a physical form, such as a granule, that retains the microorganism, carbon source, and rock phosphate ore, but permits water and soluble phosphate to diffuse into the soil. A method of using the composition for providing phosphate fertilizer to plants is also disclosed.

Goldstein, Alan H. (Beverly Hills, CA); Rogers, Robert D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1999-01-01

219

Biomediated continuous release phosphate fertilizer  

DOEpatents

A composition is disclosed for providing phosphate fertilizer to the root zone of plants. The composition comprises a microorganism capable of producing and secreting a solubilization agent, a carbon source for providing raw material for the microorganism to convert into the solubilization agent, and rock phosphate ore for providing a source of insoluble phosphate that is solubilized by the solubilization agent and released as soluble phosphate. The composition is provided in a physical form, such as a granule, that retains the microorganism, carbon source, and rock phosphate ore, but permits water and soluble phosphate to diffuse into the soil. A method of using the composition for providing phosphate fertilizer to plants is also disclosed. 13 figs.

Goldstein, A.H.; Rogers, R.D.

1999-06-15

220

41 CFR 101-39.105-1 - Transfers from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01...from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems. 101-39.105-1 Section...105-1 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2010-07-01

221

41 CFR 101-39.104 - Notice of establishment of a fleet management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01... Notice of establishment of a fleet management system. 101-39.104 Section...104 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2010-07-01

222

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a  

E-print Network

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a Computable for projecting global demand for passenger vehicle transport, retaining supplemental physical accounting approaches. First, the relationship between per-capita income and demand for passenger vehicle transport

223

Virginia Tech Fleet Services Electric/Gas Utility Vehicle (EGUV) Purchase Request Form  

E-print Network

Virginia Tech Fleet Services Electric/Gas Utility Vehicle (EGUV) Purchase Request Form Instructions: Organization Number: Banner Fund Number (For Decal Processing): Type of EGUV Requested: Area of Operation

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

224

41 CFR 101-39.104 - Notice of establishment of a fleet management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2011-07-01 2007-07-01... Notice of establishment of a fleet management system. 101-39.104 Section...104 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2011-07-01

225

41 CFR 101-39.104 - Notice of establishment of a fleet management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01... Notice of establishment of a fleet management system. 101-39.104 Section...104 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2012-07-01

226

41 CFR 101-39.105-1 - Transfers from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2013-07-01 2012-07-01...from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems. 101-39.105-1 Section...105-1 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2013-07-01

227

41 CFR 101-39.105-1 - Transfers from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2011-07-01 2007-07-01...from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems. 101-39.105-1 Section...105-1 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2011-07-01

228

41 CFR 101-39.105-1 - Transfers from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2014-07-01 2012-07-01...from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems. 101-39.105-1 Section...105-1 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2014-07-01

229

41 CFR 101-39.104 - Notice of establishment of a fleet management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2013-07-01 2012-07-01... Notice of establishment of a fleet management system. 101-39.104 Section...104 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2013-07-01

230

41 CFR 101-39.104 - Notice of establishment of a fleet management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2014-07-01 2012-07-01... Notice of establishment of a fleet management system. 101-39.104 Section...104 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2014-07-01

231

41 CFR 101-39.105-1 - Transfers from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01...from discontinued or curtailed fleet management systems. 101-39.105-1 Section...105-1 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...

2012-07-01

232

Adaptive phosphate uptake behaviour of phytoplankton to environmental phosphate fluctuations.  

PubMed

When phytoplankton growth in lakes is limited by the available phosphate, the external phosphate concentration fluctuates around a threshold value at which available energy is insufficient to drive phosphate incorporation into a polyphosphate pool. As a result, occasional increases in the external concentration are experienced by phytoplankton as a series of phosphate pulses. Based on [(32) P] phosphate uptake experiments with lake phytoplankton, we show that a community is able to process information about the experienced pattern of phosphate pulses via a complex regulation of the kinetic and energetic properties of cellular phosphate uptake systems. As a result, physiological adaptation to alterations of ambient phosphate concentration depends on the pattern of phosphate fluctuations to which the community had been exposed during its previous growth. In this process, the entire community exhibits coherent uptake behaviour with respect to a common threshold value. Thereby, different threshold values result from different antecedent pulse patterns, apparently unrestrained by the amount of previously stored phosphate. The coherent behaviour observed contradicts the basic assumptions of the competitive exclusion principle and provides an alternative perspective for explaining the paradoxical coexistence of many phytoplankton species. PMID:21361999

Aubriot, Luis; Bonilla, Sylvia; Falkner, Gernot

2011-07-01

233

The value of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium-enema examinations in the evaluation of patients with subacute and chronic lower intestinal bleeding  

SciTech Connect

One hundred thirty six consecutive patients were examined with histories of guaiac positive stool examinations, bright red blood per rectum, or hematochezia to determine the value of the double-contrast barium-enema (DC-BE) examination and colonoscopy/proctoscopy in establishing bleeding sites. If examination findings were analyzed in conjunction with findings of visual examination of the anal area, the difference in the respective sensitivities of the two examinations was not statistically significant. If findings at the visual inspection were excluded, the DC-BE examination missed 45 of 155 proved bleeding sites (sensitivity, 71%) and 13 of 35 nonbleeding lesions (sensitivity for all lesions 70%), while colonoscopy missed 13 of 155 bleeding sites (sensitivity, 92%) and seven of 35 nonbleeding lesions (sensitivity for all lesions, 90%). The sensitivity of both methods was similar if all rectal and anal lesions were excluded. We conclude that colonoscopy is superior to the DC-BE examination in the detection of bleeding sites but similar in results to the DC-BE examination if lesions in the anal canal and rectum are excluded. The routine use of the DC-BE examination in patients with superficial lesions in the anal canal should be discouraged unless the patient has persistent bleeding or is 50 years old or older.

Thoeni, R.F. (Univ. of California, San Francisco); Venbrux, A.C.

1983-03-01

234

Cooperation is Fleeting in the World of Transposable Elements  

PubMed Central

Composite transposons are key vehicles for the worldwide spreading of genes that allow bacteria to survive toxic compounds. Composite transposons consist of two smaller transposable elements called insertion sequences (ISs), which flank the genes that permit such survival. Each IS in a composite transposon can either transpose alone, selfishly, or it can transpose cooperatively, jointly with the other IS. Cooperative transposition can enhance an IS's chance of survival, but it also carries the risk of transposon destruction. I use game theory to show that the conditions under which cooperative transposition is an evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) are not biologically realistic. I then analyze the distribution of thousands of ISs in more than 200 bacterial genomes to test the following prediction of the game-theoretical model: if cooperative transposition was an ESS, then the closely spaced ISs that characterize composite transposons should be more abundant in genomes than expected by chance. The data show that this is not the case. Cooperativity can only be maintained in a transitional, far-from-equilibrium state shortly after a selection pressure first arises. This is the case in the spreading of antibiotic resistance, where we are witnessing a fleeting moment in evolution, a moment in which cooperation among selfish DNA molecules has provided a means of survival. Because such cooperation does not pay in the long run, the vehicles of such survival will eventually disappear again. My analysis demonstrates that game theory can help explain behavioral strategies even for mobile DNA. PMID:17140282

Wagner, Andreas

2006-01-01

235

Fleet study evaluation of an advance brake warning system.  

PubMed

The advance brake warning system (ABWS) is a mechanism that activates the brake lights in response to a rapid disengagement of the gas pedal, before the driver's foot reaches the brake pedal. Two previous studies showed that (a) such rapid releases of the gas pedal are typically followed by brake activation, and (b) the ABWS can prevent a high percentage of rear-end collisions in which an attentive following driver maintains a headway of 1.0 s or less from the vehicle ahead. In the present study the crash involvement of 764 government cars and light trucks was tracked over an average period of 35 months. The vehicles were matched in pairs--one of each pair with the ABWS and one without it. Data analyses focused on collisions in which the government vehicles were rear-ended. Overall, ABWS-equipped vehicles were not significantly less involved in rear-end collisions. However, an examination of the struck vehicles only showed that the ABWS-equipped vehicles were involved in fewer rear-end collisions per kilometer driven than were the vehicles without the ABWS. In conclusion, despite the theoretical appeal and the results of earlier studies, the fleet study failed to demonstrate that such a system is a cost-effective safety device for the prevention of rear-end crashes. Actual or potential applications include the evaluation of new in-vehicle technologies by a hierarchy of multiple validation studies prior to consideration. PMID:11132809

Shinar, D

2000-01-01

236

Implementing the retrofitting plan for the European rail freight fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1998, the International Union of Railways (UIC) agreed on an Action Plan, proposing the retrofitting of the complete European rail freight fleet. Early 2003 the European Commission, Directorate General for Transport and Energy, commissioned the study reported here. The scope of the study was to supply an independent assessment of the conclusions of the UIC Action Plan and elaborate on implementation scenarios and funding options. The retrofitting of existing wagons, by an exchange of cast iron brake blocks with composition blocks, is the preferred option to achieve a substantial noise reduction. K-blocks have been homologated by UIC in 2003, but they require an expensive modification of the wagon. The opportunities for LL-blocks, an economically attractive alternative, are still being investigated to date. The retrofitting reflects some 600,000 wagons and, with an expected reduction of 10 dB(A), probably represents the largest single operation for traffic noise reduction ever. The process could best be combined with the maintenance cycle of freight wagons. In that case the process would require up to 10 years. Through a combination of funding options, the financial burden for wagons owners and freight operators could be softened.

de Vos, P. H.; Bergendorff, M.; Brennan, M.; van der Zijpp, F.

2006-06-01

237

Liquefied natural gas experience of a large transit fleet  

SciTech Connect

The Houston Metropolitan Transit Authority (METRO) is the mass transit authority for an area of 1,275 square miles and a population of 3.5 million. METRO is organized as an independent authority responsible to an appointed board of directors. METRO operates over 1,160 buses which use approximately 2,000 miles of bus routes. Each year METRO provides over 60 million passenger trips. The low cost to the customer can only be achieved through aggressive cost control and efficient operation with effective equipment maintenance and availability. METRO utilizes approximately nine million gallons of diesel fuel per year. Fuel costs are approximately 4.5% of operating costs equivalent to approximately $.18 cents per mile. METRO has demonstrated the technical and economic feasibility of LNG fuel usage for a centrally refueled fleet. This pioneering effort used the free market and intense cooperation with suppliers to create an LNG supply where there was none, convert theoretical concepts to on the road hardware and mobilize a large organization to accommodate a drastic change in operations. Experience leads them to recommend others considering this approach to fully commit their own resources to the tasks, cooperate and exchange information openly with all concerned and only accept project participants which have the competence and resources to persevere through developments.

Pentz, R. [Houston Metropolitan Transit Authority, TX (United States)

1995-12-31

238

Fleet matching performance for multiple registration measurement tools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently semiconductor industry drives the 193nm lithography to its limits, using techniques like double exposure, double patterning, mask-source optimisation and inverse lithography. These requirements trend to full in-die measurement capability of photomask metrology for registration. Especially, overlay becomes more and more critical and must be ensured on every die. For this, Carl Zeiss SMS has developed the next generation photomask registration and overlay metrology tool PROVE which is already well established in the market. To ensure in-die measurement capability, sophisticated image analysis methods based on 2D correlations have been developed. A key component for registration tool users is the cross site manufacturing flexibility given by the matching capability of all its metrology tools. Therefore all PROVE tools offer a tool matching procedure based on 2D Golden Grid references. In this paper we first review the optimal length standard and golden grid matching procedures of modern registration metrology tools. Systematic errors in fleet matching based on illumination differences, thermal expansionbased issues or line width roughness are addressed. The tool matching performance of PROVE tools is demonstrated by comparing up to 7 different tools. All tools are well within accuracy and long-term repeatability specification which considerably reduces the statistical error contribution of the tool matching performance. For grid matched tools the final cross tool registration error is shown to be below 1nm.

Beyer, D.; Bläsing, C.; Boehm, K.; Heisig, S.; Seidel, D.

2013-09-01

239

A comparative multi-fleet analysis of socio-economic indicators for fishery management in SE Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the problems in an ecosystem approach to fisheries management is the lack of economic analyses which clearly define the performance of different fishing fleets within the system. We describe a comparative multi-fleet analysis of socio-economic indicators applicable for inclusion into ecosystem modeling and management. Based on a survey of different industrial fishing fleets in São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, an inter-fleet comparison of economic attributes such as investment, fixed costs, effort, labour, sailing-related costs and profits, as well as a set of performance indicators, was conducted. Costs varied between fleets with fuel being the largest component on average, representing almost 37% of total costs. Similarities between fleets were driven by fuel costs, gross incomes and profits. In general, the best economic performance was associated with indicators of profitability and economic efficiency. Bottom-longliners and both surface and bottom-gillnet fleets showed the best economic performance per fishing trip due to their low percentage of variable costs. Purse-seiners and pink-shrimp trawlers had the lowest average rate of return and economic efficiency because of their high variable costs and relatively low catch values, and were considered economically net losers. However, in terms of jobs generated, purse-seiners had the greatest value creating about 49% of total jobs by all fleets. The sea-bob-shrimp fleet had the lowest crew size per vessel but generated the second highest total number of direct jobs (23%), with high economic viability as a whole. The inter-fleet cost and socio-economic performance analysis revealed that additional attention should be given to the poor profitability and overcapacity of fleets, fishing impacts, and open-access related issues, while social indicators may also be considered. This study provides information useful for evaluating different fisheries management scenarios and fleet size optimization in the South Brazil Bight, for ecosystem modeling policy optimization routines, and for a pragmatic ecosystem approach to fisheries management.

Gasalla, Maria A.; Rodrigues, Amanda R.; Duarte, Luis F. A.; Rashid Sumaila, U.

2010-10-01

240

Are polyphosphates or phosphate esters prebiotic reagents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely held that there was a phosphate compound in prebiotic chemistry that played the role of adenosine triphosphate and that the first living organisms had ribose-phosphate in the backbone of their genetic material. However, there are no known efficient prebiotic synthesis of high-energy phosphates or phosphate esters. We review the occurrence of phosphates in Nature, the efficiency of

Anthony D. Keefe; Stanley L. Miller

1995-01-01

241

Chemical safety of U.S. Navy Fleet soda lime.  

PubMed

Contamination was suspected of U.S. Navy Fleet soda lime (High Performance Sodasorb) when an ammonia-like odor was reported during its use in August 1992. This material contained indicator dye and was used for carbon dioxide absorption during diving. This incident had a major impact on the U.S Navy diving program when the Navy temporarily banned use of Sodasorb and authorized Sofnolime as an interim replacement. The Naval Medical Research Institute was assigned to investigate. Testing involved sampling from the headspace (gas space) inside closed buckets and from an apparatus simulating conditions during operational diving. Volatile organic compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry; ammonia and amines were measured by infrared spectroscopy. Significant amounts of ammonia (up to 30 ppm), ethyl and diethyl amines (up to several ppm), and various aliphatic hydrocarbons (up to 60 ppm) were detected during testing of both Sodasorb and Sofnolime. Contaminants were slowly removed by gas flow and did not return. The source(s) of the ammonia and amines are unknown, although they may result from the breakdown of the indicator dye. Hydrocarbon contamination seems to result from the materials of which the bucket is constructed. Unfortunately, evaluation of potential hazards associated with this contamination is difficult, due in part to the large number of variables of operational use and the absence of appropriate exposure limits. Based on these findings, the U.S. Navy has begun to phase in, for all diving, non-indicating soda lime that will be required to meet defined contaminant limits. PMID:8653065

Lillo, R S; Ruby, A; Gummin, D D; Porter, W R; Caldwell, J M

1996-03-01

242

Mitsubishi iMiEV: An Electric Mini-Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet highlights the Mitsubishi iMiEV, an electric mini-car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's fast-charging research efforts, NREL engineers are conducting charge and discharge performance testing on the vehicle. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

Not Available

2011-10-01

243

Factors associated with successful decrease and discontinuation of antegrade continence enemas (ACE) in children with defecation disorders: a study evaluating the effect of ACE on colon motility  

PubMed Central

Background Antegrade continence enemas (ACE) have been used in the treatment of defecation disorders in children; little is known on their effect on colon motility and the utility of the colon manometry (CM) predicting long term ACE outcomes. Methods Retrospective review of children with constipation undergoing CM before and after ACE to evaluate CM changes and their utility on predicting ACE outcome. Results 40 patients (mean age 8.8 SD 3y and 53% female) were included; 39/40 responded to the ACE. Of these 39, 14 (36%) were dependent and 25 (64%) had decreased it (11 of those or 28% discontinued it). On repeat CM we found a significant increase in the fasting (p<0.01) and post-prandial (p=0.03) motility index, number of bisacodyl-induced high amplitude propagating contractions (HAPC’s) (p=0.03) and total HAPC’s (p=0.02). Gastrocolonic response to a meal, propagation and normalization of HAPC’s improved in 28%, 58% and 33%, respectively with CM normalizing in 33% of patients. The baseline CM did not predict ACE outcome. The presence of normal HAPC’s on the repeat CM was associated with ACE decrease. Progression and normalization of HAPC’s (p=0.01 and 0.02 respectively) and CM normalization (p=0.01) on repeat CM were individually associated with ACE decrease. No CM change was associated with ACE discontinuation. Multivariate analysis showed that older age and HAPC normalization on CM predict ACE decrease and older age is the only predictor for ACE discontinuation. Conclusions Colon motility improves after ACE and the changes on the repeat CM may assist in predicting ACE outcome. PMID:23035840

Rodriguez, Leonel; Nurko, Samuel; Flores, Alejandro

2012-01-01

244

Tug fleet and ground operations schedules and controls. Volume 1: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study presents Tug Fleet and Ground Operations Schedules and Controls plan. This plan was developed and optimized out of a combination of individual Tug program phased subplans, special emphasis studies, contingency analyses and sensitivity analyses. The subplans cover the Tug program phases: (1) Tug operational, (2) Interim Upper Stage (IUS)/Tug fleet utilization, (3) and IUS/Tug payload integration, (4) Tug site activation, (5) IUS/Tug transition, (6) Tug acquisition. Resource requirements (facility, GSE, TSE, software, manpower, logistics) are provided in each subplan, as are appropriate Tug processing flows, active and total IUS and Tug fleet requirements, fleet management and Tug payload integration concepts, facility selection recommendations, site activation and IUS to Tug transition requirements. The impact of operational concepts on Tug acquisition is assessed and the impact of operating Tugs out of KSC and WTR is analyzed and presented showing WTR as a delta. Finally, cost estimates for fleet management and ground operations of the DDT&E and operational phases of the Tug program are given.

1975-01-01

245

21 CFR 184.1434 - Magnesium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Magnesium phosphate. 184.1434 Section 184.1434...Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1434 Magnesium phosphate. (a) Magnesium phosphate includes both magnesium...

2014-04-01

246

21 CFR 582.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 582.6285 Section 582.6285 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2011-04-01

247

21 CFR 582.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 582.6285 Section 582.6285 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2010-04-01

248

21 CFR 182.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Dipotassium phosphate. 182.6285 Section 182.6285 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2010-04-01

249

21 CFR 182.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 182.6285 Section 182.6285 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2011-04-01

250

21 CFR 184.1301 - Ferric phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Ferric phosphate. 184.1301 Section 184.1301 Food and...Substances Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1301 Ferric phosphate. (a) Ferric phosphate (ferric orthophosphate, iron (III)...

2010-04-01

251

40 CFR 721.5995 - Polyalkyl phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Polyalkyl phosphate. 721.5995 Section 721.5995...Substances § 721.5995 Polyalkyl phosphate. (a) Chemical substance and significant...identified generically as a polyalkyl phosphate (PMN P-95-1772) is subject...

2010-07-01

252

21 CFR 582.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 582.6285 Section 582.6285 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2013-04-01

253

21 CFR 184.1301 - Ferric phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Ferric phosphate. 184.1301 Section 184.1301 Food and...Substances Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1301 Ferric phosphate. (a) Ferric phosphate (ferric orthophosphate, iron (III)...

2014-04-01

254

21 CFR 582.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 582.6285 Section 582.6285 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2014-04-01

255

21 CFR 182.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 182.6285 Section 182.6285 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2014-04-01

256

21 CFR 182.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 182.6285 Section 182.6285 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2012-04-01

257

21 CFR 184.1301 - Ferric phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Ferric phosphate. 184.1301 Section 184.1301 Food and...Substances Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1301 Ferric phosphate. (a) Ferric phosphate (ferric orthophosphate, iron (III)...

2012-04-01

258

21 CFR 582.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 582.6285 Section 582.6285 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2012-04-01

259

21 CFR 182.6285 - Dipotassium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Dipotassium phosphate. 182.6285 Section 182.6285 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2013-04-01

260

21 CFR 520.823 - Erythromycin phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a) Specifications. Erythromycin phosphate is the phosphate salt of the antibiotic substance produced by the growth of Streptomyces erythreus or the same antibiotic substance produced by any other means. One gram of erythromycin phosphate is...

2010-04-01

261

21 CFR 520.823 - Erythromycin phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...a) Specifications. Erythromycin phosphate is the phosphate salt of the antibiotic substance produced by the growth of Streptomyces erythreus or the same antibiotic substance produced by any other means. One gram of erythromycin phosphate is...

2011-04-01

262

21 CFR 520.823 - Erythromycin phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a) Specifications. Erythromycin phosphate is the phosphate salt of the antibiotic substance produced by the growth of Streptomyces erythreus or the same antibiotic substance produced by any other means. One gram of erythromycin phosphate is...

2013-04-01

263

21 CFR 520.823 - Erythromycin phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...a) Specifications. Erythromycin phosphate is the phosphate salt of the antibiotic substance produced by the growth of Streptomyces erythreus or the same antibiotic substance produced by any other means. One gram of erythromycin phosphate is...

2014-04-01

264

21 CFR 520.823 - Erythromycin phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...a) Specifications. Erythromycin phosphate is the phosphate salt of the antibiotic substance produced by the growth of Streptomyces erythreus or the same antibiotic substance produced by any other means. One gram of erythromycin phosphate is...

2012-04-01

265

Inositol phosphates in the environment.  

PubMed Central

The inositol phosphates are a group of organic phosphorus compounds found widely in the natural environment, but that represent the greatest gap in our understanding of the global phosphorus cycle. They exist as inositols in various states of phosphorylation (bound to between one and six phosphate groups) and isomeric forms (e.g. myo, D-chiro, scyllo, neo), although myo-inositol hexakisphosphate is by far the most prevalent form in nature. In terrestrial environments, inositol phosphates are principally derived from plants and accumulate in soils to become the dominant class of organic phosphorus compounds. Inositol phosphates are also present in large amounts in aquatic environments, where they may contribute to eutrophication. Despite the prevalence of inositol phosphates in the environment, their cycling, mobility and bioavailability are poorly understood. This is largely related to analytical difficulties associated with the extraction, separation and detection of inositol phosphates in environmental samples. This review summarizes the current knowledge of inositol phosphates in the environment and the analytical techniques currently available for their detection in environmental samples. Recent advances in technology, such as the development of suitable chromatographic and capillary electrophoresis separation techniques, should help to elucidate some of the more pertinent questions regarding inositol phosphates in the natural environment. PMID:12028785

Turner, Benjamin L; Papházy, Michael J; Haygarth, Philip M; McKelvie, Ian D

2002-01-01

266

Phosphate nutrition: improving low-phosphate tolerance in crops.  

PubMed

Phosphorus is an essential nutrient that is required for all major developmental processes and reproduction in plants. It is also a major constituent of the fertilizers required to sustain high-yield agriculture. Levels of phosphate--the only form of phosphorus that can be assimilated by plants--are suboptimal in most natural and agricultural ecosystems, and when phosphate is applied as fertilizer in soils, it is rapidly immobilized owing to fixation and microbial activity. Thus, cultivated plants use only approximately 20-30% of the applied phosphate, and the rest is lost, eventually causing water eutrophication. Recent advances in the understanding of mechanisms by which wild and cultivated species adapt to low-phosphate stress and the implementation of alternative bacterial pathways for phosphorus metabolism have started to allow the design of more effective breeding and genetic engineering strategies to produce highly phosphate-efficient crops, optimize fertilizer use, and reach agricultural sustainability with a lower environmental cost. In this review, we outline the current advances in research on the complex network of plant responses to low-phosphorus stress and discuss some strategies used to manipulate genes involved in phosphate uptake, remobilization, and metabolism to develop low-phosphate-tolerant crops, which could help in designing more efficient crops. PMID:24579991

López-Arredondo, Damar Lizbeth; Leyva-González, Marco Antonio; González-Morales, Sandra Isabel; López-Bucio, José; Herrera-Estrella, Luis

2014-01-01

267

Fleet Evaluation and Factory Installation of Aerodynamic Heavy Duty Truck Trailers  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of DE-EE0001552 was to develop and deploy a combination of trailer aerodynamic devices and low rolling resistance tires that reduce fuel consumption of a class 8 heavy duty tractor-trailer combination vehicle by 15%. There were 3 phases of the project: Phase 1 – Perform SAE Typed 2 track tests with multiple device combinations. Phase 2 – Conduct a fleet evaluation with selected device combination. Phase 3 – Develop the devices required to manufacture the aerodynamic trailer. All 3 phases have been completed. There is an abundance of available trailer devices on the market, and fleets and owner operators have awareness of them and are purchasing them. The products developed in conjunction with this project are at least in their second round of refinement. The fleet test undertaken showed an improvement of 5.5 – 7.8% fuel economy with the devices (This does not include tire contribution).

Beck, Jason; Salari, Kambiz; Ortega, Jason; Brown, Andrea

2013-09-30

268

Tug fleet and ground operations schedules and controls. Volume 2: part 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Tug Fleet and Ground Operations Schedules and Controls Study addresses both ground operational data and technical requirements that span the Tug planning phase and operations phase. A similar study covering mission operations (by others) provides the complimentary flight operations details. The two studies provide the planning data requirements, resource allocation, and control milestones for supporting the requirements of the STS program. This Tug Fleet and Ground Operations Schedules and Controls Study incorporates the basic ground operations requirements and concepts provided by previous studies with the interrelationships of the planning, IUS transition, and Tug fleet operations phases. The interrelationships of these phases were studied as a system to optimize overall program benefits and minimize operational risk factors.

1975-01-01

269

Selection and implementation of a flagship fleet in a locally undervalued region of high endemicity.  

PubMed

Flagships are one conservation education tool. We present a proposed flagship species fleet for environmental education in central Chile. Our methods followed recent flagship guidelines. We present our selection process and a detailed justification for the fleet of flagship species that we selected. Our results are a list of eight flagship species forming a flagship fleet, including two small- and medium-sized mammals, the degu (Octodon degus) and the culpeo fox (Lycalopex culpeaus), two birds, the turca (Pteroptochos megapoidius) and the burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia), the Chilean iguana (Calopistes palluma), the tarantula (Grammostola mollicoma), and two trees, the litre (Lithrea caustica) and the espino (Acacia caven). We then describe how these flagships can be deployed most effectively, describing their audience, effective narrative frames, and modes of presentation. We conclude that general selection rules paired with social science background data allow for an efficient selection process. PMID:23479265

Root-Bernstein, Meredith; Armesto, Juan

2013-10-01

270

Integrated operations/payloads/fleet analysis. Volume 5: Mission, capture and operations analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current baseline mission model consists of the DOD Option B prepared for space transportation system mission analysis and a NASA model prepared for the integrated operations /payloads/ fleet analysis. Changes from the previous mission model are discussed, and additional benefits of the reusable space shuttle system are identified. The methodology and assumptions used in the capture analysis are described, and satellite and launch vehicle traffic models for the current and low cost expendable launch vehicle systems and the reusable space shuttle system are presented. The areas of fleet sizing, limitations and abort modes, system ground support requirements, and ground support systems assessment are covered. Current and extended launch azimuth limitations used for both ETR and WTR are presented for the current and low cost expendable vehicles and also the reusable space shuttle system. The results of a survey of launch support capability for the launch vehicle fleets are reported.

1971-01-01

271

Light weight phosphate cements  

DOEpatents

A sealant having a specific gravity in the range of from about 0.7 to about 1.6 for heavy oil and/or coal bed methane fields is disclosed. The sealant has a binder including an oxide or hydroxide of Al or of Fe and a phosphoric acid solution. The binder may have MgO or an oxide of Fe and/or an acid phosphate. The binder is present from about 20 to about 50% by weight of the sealant with a lightweight additive present in the range of from about 1 to about 10% by weight of said sealant, a filler, and water sufficient to provide chemically bound water present in the range of from about 9 to about 36% by weight of the sealant when set. A porous ceramic is also disclosed.

Wagh, Arun S. (Naperville, IL); Natarajan, Ramkumar, (Woodridge, IL); Kahn, David (Miami, FL)

2010-03-09

272

Templated, layered manganese phosphate  

DOEpatents

A new crystalline maganese phosphate composition having an empirical formula: O). The compound was determined to crystallize in the trigonal space group P-3c1 with a=8.8706(4) .ANG., c=26.1580(2) .ANG., and V (volume)=1783 .ANG..sup.3. The structure consists of sheets of corner sharing Mn(II)O.sub.4 and PO.sub.4 tetrahedra with layers of (H.sub.3 NCH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.3 N and water molecules in-between. The pronated (H.sub.3 NCH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.3 N molecules provide charge balancing for the inorganic sheets. A network of hydrogen bonds between water molecules and the inorganic sheets holds the structure together.

Thoma, Steven G.; Bonhomme, Francois R.

2004-08-17

273

Greenhouse gas implications of fleet electrification based on big data-informed individual travel patterns.  

PubMed

Environmental implications of fleet electrification highly depend on the adoption and utilization of electric vehicles at the individual level. Past research has been constrained by using aggregated data to assume all vehicles with the same travel pattern as the aggregated average. This neglects the inherent heterogeneity of individual travel behaviors and may lead to unrealistic estimation of environmental impacts of fleet electrification. Using "big data" mining techniques, this research examines real-time vehicle trajectory data for 10,375 taxis in Beijing in one week to characterize the travel patterns of individual taxis. We then evaluate the impact of adopting plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in the taxi fleet on life cycle greenhouse gas emissions based on the characterized individual travel patterns. The results indicate that 1) the largest gasoline displacement (1.1 million gallons per year) can be achieved by adopting PHEVs with modest electric range (approximately 80 miles) with current battery cost, limited public charging infrastructure, and no government subsidy; 2) reducing battery cost has the largest impact on increasing the electrification rate of vehicle mileage traveled (VMT), thus increasing gasoline displacement, followed by diversified charging opportunities; 3) government subsidies can be more effective to increase the VMT electrification rate and gasoline displacement if targeted to PHEVs with modest electric ranges (80 to 120 miles); and 4) while taxi fleet electrification can increase greenhouse gas emissions by up to 115 kiloton CO2-eq per year with the current grid in Beijing, emission reduction of up to 36.5 kiloton CO2-eq per year can be achieved if the fuel cycle emission factor of electricity can be reduced to 168.7 g/km. Although the results are based on a specific public fleet, this study demonstrates the benefit of using large-scale individual-based trajectory data (big data) to better understand environmental implications of fleet electrification and inform better decision making. PMID:23869607

Cai, Hua; Xu, Ming

2013-08-20

274

Major Impact of Fleet Renewal Over Airports Located in the Most Important Region of Brazil  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present article discusses and analyses the major impacts of the Brazilian carriers fleet renewal regarding Brazilian airport infrastructure in the most important region of the country, the Southeast (SE). A brief historical overview of the country's airline fleet will be presented, demonstrating the need for its renewal (m fact, Brazilian carriers started a major fleet renewal program m the last five years), while analyzing the periods in which a new breed of aircraft was put into service by the major carriers operating in the SE region. The trend of operating the classic regional jets plus the forthcoming entry into service of the "large regional jets" (LRJ, 70-115 seaters) in several point-to-point routes are presented along with the country's carriers" reality of operating these former aircraft in several high-capacity and medium-range routes. The article will focus on the ability of four of the major Southeast's airports to cope with the fleet modernization, mainly due to the fact that the region studied is the most socioeconomic developed, by far, with the largest demand for air transportation, thus making the impacts much more perceptible for the communities and the airport management involved. With the emergence of these impacts, several new projects and investments are being discussed and pushed forward, despite budgetary constrains being a reality in almost every Brazilian city, even in the SE region. In view of this, the paper presents how the general planning could be carried out in order to adapt the airports' infrastructures in function of the proposed (and in some cases, necessary) fleet renewal. Ultimately, we will present the present picture and two future scenarios m order to determine the level of service in the existent passenger terminal facilities in the wake of the possible operation of several new aircraft. Keywords: Airline fleet planning, Airport planning, Regional development, Regional Jets.

Maters, Rafael Waltz; deRoodeTorres, Roberta; Santo, Respicio A. Espirito, Jr.

2003-01-01

275

Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center support for GODAE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Navy's Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC; see http://www.fnmoc.navy.mil/), located in Monterey, CA, is the lead activity within the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) for numerical weather prediction and coupled air-sea modeling. FNMOC fulfills this role through means of a suite of sophisticated global and regional meteorological and oceanographic (METOC) models, extending from the top of the atmosphere to the bottom of the ocean, which is supported by one of the world's most complete real-time METOC databases. Fleet Numerical operates around-the-clock, 365 days per year and distributes METOC products to military and civilian users around the world, both ashore and afloat, through a variety of means, including a rapidly growing and innovative use of Web technology. FNMOC's customers include all branches of the Department of Defense (DoD), other government organizations such as the National Weather Service, private companies such as the Weather Channel, a number of colleges and universities, and the general public. FNMOC acquires and processes over 6 million METOC observations per day—creating one of the world's most comprehensive real-time databases of meteorological and oceanographic observations for assimilation into its models. FNMOC employs three primary models, the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS), the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS), and the WaveWatch III model (WW3), along with a number of specialized models and related applications. NOGAPS is a global weather model, driving nearly all other FNMOC models and applications in some fashion. COAMPS is a high-resolution regional model that has proved to be particularly valuable for forecasting weather and ocean conditions in highly complex coastal areas. WW3 is a state-of-the-art ocean wave model that is employed both globally and regionally in support of a wide variety of naval operations. Specialized models support and supplement the main models with predictions of ocean thermal structure, ocean currents, and other important data. In general, FNMOC strives to treat the air-ocean environment as a fully integrated system, from the top of the atmosphere to the bottom of the ocean, placing special emphasis on the air-ocean interface. FNMOC also hosts the USGODAE Server (see http://www.usgodae.org). Ongoing development of this system is being done through a partnership of FNMOC and NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Lab (PMEL), with oversight from the U.S. Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE) Steering Committee and funding from the Office of Naval Research (ONR). The USGODAE Server hosts in-situ oceanographic data, atmospheric forcing fields suitable for driving ocean models and unique GODAE data sets, including demonstration ocean model products. The USGODAE Server contains fixed and drifting buoy data, bathythermograph data, PALACE float data, ship data and CMAN data. It also includes TOPEX, GFO, and ERS altimeter data, AVHRR SST retrievals, DMSP sea ice concentration retrievals and meteorological observations. The USGODAE Server also functions as one of two global repositories or Global Data Assembly Centers (GDACs) for data from the Argo global array of temperature/salinity profiling floats. Included in these online data sets are those from Canada (MEDS) with 67 floats and 1900 station files from April 2001 to present, Japan (JMA) with 97 floats and 2700 station files from April 2000 to present, and the U.S. (AOML) with 304 floats and 9800 station files from August 1997 to present, and France (CORIOLIS) with 121 floats and 5396 station files from early 2001 to present. On the USGODAE Server the Argo GDAC Web Interface allows users to easily select data based on time, region, Data Assembly Center (DAC), or float ID. Users can download float profile files, trajectory files, or technical data files. The atmospheric forcing fields hosted on the USGODAE Server are from both FNMOC and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). The FNMOC fields include o

Dimitriou, D.; Sharfstein, P.; Ignaszewski, M.; Clancy, M.

2003-04-01

276

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for NASA White Sands Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on the NASA White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

2014-10-01

277

Correlating Dynamometer Testing to In-Use Fleet Results of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Standard dynamometer test procedures are currently being developed to determine fuel and electrical energy consumption of plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV). To define a repeatable test procedure, assumptions were made about how PHEVs will be driven and charged. This study evaluates these assumptions by comparing results of PHEV dynamometer testing following proposed procedures to actual performance of PHEVs operating in the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) North American PHEV Demonstration fleet. Results show PHEVs in the fleet exhibit a wide range of energy consumption, which is not demonstrated in dynamometer testing. Sources of variation in performance are identified and examined.

John G. Smart; Sera White; Michael Duoba

2009-05-01

278

Lessons from cross-fleet/cross-airline observations - Evaluating the impact of CRM/LOFT training  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review is presented of the crew resource management/line oriented flight training (CRM/LOFT) program to help determine the level of standardization across fleets and airlines in the critical area of evaluating crew behavior and performance. One of the goals of the project is to verify that check airmen and LOFT instructors within organizations are evaluating CRM issues consistently and that differences observed between fleets are not a function of idiosyncracies on the part of observers. Attention is given to the research tools for crew evaluation.

Butler, Roy E.

1991-01-01

279

Statistics of the French purse seine fishing fleet targeting tropical tunas in the Indian Ocean (1981-2011)  

E-print Network

Statistics of the French purse seine fishing fleet targeting tropical tunas in the Indian Ocean 171, 34 203 S`ete Cedex, FRANCE b Institut de Recherche pour le D´eveloppement, Seychelles Fishing Authority, BP 570, Victoria, SEYCHELLES Abstract In 2011, the French purse seine fishing fleet of the Indian

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

280

REVISED ESTIMATES OF BLUEFIN TUNA DEAD DISCARDS BY THE U.S. ATLANTIC PELAGIC LONGLINE FLEET, 1992-1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Estimates of the dead discards of blue fin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) by the US Atlantic pelagic longline fleet permitted to land and sell Atlantic swordfish (Xiphias gladius) are based on logbook reported fishing effort levels and scientific observer records of catch rates from a representative sample of the fleet. Estimates are constructed using the Delta-lognormal method as described by

Craig A. Brown

281

Foreign Fishery Developments Fleet Table 1.-The Ivory Coast catch of tuna and tunalike species, 1971-78'.  

E-print Network

Foreign Fishery Developments Fleet Catch (t) Table 1.-The Ivory Coast catch of tuna and tuna,83 7,420 10,026 10,138 The Ivory Coast tuna fleet, while small, is the most modem of any African. It is the sixth tuna vessel ordered by the Ivory Coast- French joint venture SIPAR (Societe Ivoirienne de Peche et

282

Car survival in a national car fleet : non-parametric and parametric approaches applied to French data. KOLLI, Zhir; DUPONT, Ariane ; HIVERT, Laurent.  

E-print Network

Car survival in a national car fleet : non-parametric and parametric approaches applied to French CAR SURVIVAL IN A NATIONAL CAR FLEET: NON-PARAMETRIC AND PARAMETRIC APPROACHES APPLIED TO FRENCH DATA demographic conditions and variables that affect light cars survival in the national fleet. The essential aim

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

Iron and Steel Phosphate Rock  

E-print Network

Phosphate Rock Platinum Potash Pumice Quartz Crystal Rare Earths Rhenium Rubidium Salt Sand and Gravel Cadmium Iodine Pumice Thorium Cement Iron Ore Quartz Crystal Tin Cesium Iron and Steel Rare Earths

Torgersen, Christian

284

Iron and Steel Phosphate Rock  

E-print Network

Phosphate Rock Platinum Potash Pumice Quartz Crystal Rare Earths Rhenium Rubidium Salt Sand and Gravel Platinum Tellurium Bromine Indium Potash Thallium Cadmium Iodine Pumice Thorium Cement Iron Ore Quartz

Torgersen, Christian

285

SOURCE ASSESSMENT: PHOSPHATE FERTILIZER INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes a study of air emissions, water effluents, and solid residues resulting from the manufacture of phosphate fertilizers. It includes the production of wet process phosphoric acid, superphosphoric acid, normal superphosphate, triple superphosphate, and ammonium ...

286

Triaryl phosphate poisoning in cattle.  

PubMed

Clinical signs, pathologic changes and biochemical changes occurred in cattle with natural and experimental triaryl phosphate poisoning. Natural poisoning was caused by triaryl phosphates escaping from a gas pipeline compressor station. The clinical signs were posterior motor paralysis, dyspnea, diarrhea and agalactia. Experimental doses of 1/2-1 gm/kg body weight of these organophosphate compounds caused depression of cholinesterase and axonal degeneration in the spinal cord. PMID:857397

Beck, B E; Wood, C D; Whenham, G R

1977-03-01

287

Organic derivatives of zirconium phosphate  

E-print Network

ORGANIC DERIVATIVES OF ZIRCONIUM PHOSPHATE A Thesis by STEVEN BERYL FINE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject...: Chemistry ORGANIC DERIVATIVES OF ZIRCONIUM PHOSPHATE A Thesis by STEVEN BERYL FINE Approved as to style and content by: Dr. A raham Clearfield (c irman) Dr. Kurt Irgolic (member) 4~~@4 Dr. Martha Scott (member) Dr. C. S. Giam (department head...

Fine, Steven Beryl

1980-01-01

288

Visual Mining and Statistics for a Turbofan Engine Fleet Jrme Lacaille  

E-print Network

1 Visual Mining and Statistics for a Turbofan Engine Fleet Jérôme Lacaille Snecma Etablissement de of engines. Every day, data from aircraft engines are broadcasted to the ground. Some airlines companies rely on their engine manufacturer to control the engines' behavior and help prepare for maintenance scheduling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

A scenario-based dynamic programming model for multi-period liner ship fleet planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a more realistic multi-period liner ship fleet planning problem for a liner container shipping company than has been studied in previous literature. The proposed problem is formulated as a scenario-based dynamic programming model consisting of a number of integer linear programming formulations for each single planning period, and the model can be solved efficiently by a shortest

Qiang Meng; Tingsong Wang

2011-01-01

290

Optimizing Walking Controllers Jack M. Wang David J. Fleet Aaron Hertzmann  

E-print Network

these terms produce a number of important fea- tures of natural walking, including active toe-off, near-passive on the hip to generate forward momentum, while normal human walking relies heavily on the ankle, with a near-passiveOptimizing Walking Controllers Jack M. Wang David J. Fleet Aaron Hertzmann University of Toronto

Toronto, University of

291

Techniques to Visualize and Monitor Transit Fleet Operations1 Performance in Urban Areas2  

E-print Network

Techniques to Visualize and Monitor Transit Fleet Operations1 Performance in Urban Areas2 3 4 5 6 7Met is the transit4 provider in the Portland metropolitan region and its Bus Dispatch System (BDS) has been in this study can aid transit agency managers and operators to identify operational problems,12 better

Bertini, Robert L.

292

Electric power requirement for large-scale production of hydrogen fuel for the world vehicle fleet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Replacement of fossil fuels by hydrogen in motor vehicles throughout the world is postulated to occur over the next 50 years as mass production of fuel-cell engines accelerates. For the estimated size of the world vehicle fleet by 2050, large-scale electrolysis of water may become the primary means to produce hydrogen in sufficient quantity. Unlike petroleum production, which is concentrated

Paul Kruger

2001-01-01

293

Subsidies for European fishing fleets: the European Community's structural policy for fisheries 1971–1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the development of the European Community's structural policy for fisheries since 1971 and looks at the extent to which public funds have been disbursed by the Community in aid to assist both the development and the restructuring of Europe's fishing fleets.

Aaron Hatcher

2000-01-01

294

40 CFR 88.304-94 - Clean-fuel Fleet Vehicle Credit Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...would have to have been a dedicated-fuel vehicle; (iii) If the vehicle purchased was not a dedicated-fuel vehicle, then the fleet owner would...had been operated only on the clean alternative fuel on which the vehicle had been...

2010-07-01

295

40 CFR 88.304-94 - Clean-fuel Fleet Vehicle Credit Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...would have to have been a dedicated-fuel vehicle; (iii) If the vehicle purchased was not a dedicated-fuel vehicle, then the fleet owner would...had been operated only on the clean alternative fuel on which the vehicle had been...

2014-07-01

296

40 CFR 88.304-94 - Clean-fuel Fleet Vehicle Credit Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...would have to have been a dedicated-fuel vehicle; (iii) If the vehicle purchased was not a dedicated-fuel vehicle, then the fleet owner would...had been operated only on the clean alternative fuel on which the vehicle had been...

2013-07-01

297

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles: Resources for Fleet Managers (Clean Cities) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

A discussion of the tools and resources on the Clean Cities, Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center, and the FuelEconomy.gov Web sites that can help vehicle fleet managers make informed decisions about implementing strategies to reduce gasoline and diesel fuel use.

Brennan, A.

2011-04-01

298

40 CFR 88.304-94 - Clean-fuel Fleet Vehicle Credit Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...would have to have been a dedicated-fuel vehicle; (iii) If the vehicle purchased was not a dedicated-fuel vehicle, then the fleet owner would...had been operated only on the clean alternative fuel on which the vehicle had been...

2012-07-01

299

40 CFR 88.304-94 - Clean-fuel Fleet Vehicle Credit Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...would have to have been a dedicated-fuel vehicle; (iii) If the vehicle purchased was not a dedicated-fuel vehicle, then the fleet owner would...had been operated only on the clean alternative fuel on which the vehicle had been...

2011-07-01

300

A multiobjective approach to fleet, fuel and operating cost efficiency of European airlines  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a multiobjective DEA approach to airlines target setting has been proposed allowing for more control and flexibility in the determination of the trade-offs among environmental impact, fleet cost and operating cost. These variables are considered as inputs. Revenue Tonne-Kilometres (RTK) is the single output considered. For each airline, the proposed multiobjective Linear Programming model is solved using

Sebastián Lozano; Ester Gutiérrez

2011-01-01

301

Actual car fleet emissions estimated from urban air quality measurements and street pollution models  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method to determine emissions from the actual car fleet under realistic driving conditions has been developed. The method is based on air quality measurements, traffic counts and inverse application of street air quality models. Many pollutants are of importance for assessing the adverse impact of the air pollution, e.g. NO2, CO, lead, VOCs and particulate matter. Aromatic VOCs are

Finn Palmgren; Ruwim Berkowicz; Alexander Ziv; Ole Hertel

1999-01-01

302

Guidelines for the Establishment of a Model Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Fleet  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity tests neighborhood electric vehicles (NEVs) in both track and fleet testing environments. NEVs, which are also known as low speed vehicles, are light-duty vehicles with top speeds of between 20 and 25 mph, and total gross vehicle weights of approximately 2,000 pounds or less. NEVs have been found to be very viable alternatives to internal combustion engine vehicles based on their low operating costs. However, special charging infrastructure is usually necessary for successful NEV fleet deployment. Maintenance requirements are also unique to NEVs, especially if flooded lead acid batteries are used as they have watering requirements that require training, personnel protection equipment, and adherence to maintenance schedules. This report provides guidelines for fleet managers to follow in order to successfully introduce and operate NEVs in fleet environments. This report is based on the NEV testing and operational experience of personnel from the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, Electric Transportation Applications, and the Idaho National Laboratory.

Roberta Brayer; Donald Karner; Kevin Morrow; James Francfort

2006-06-01

303

1 THE LIGHT-DUTY-VEHICLE FLEET'S EVOLUTION: 2 ANTICIPATING PHEV ADOPTION AND GREENHOUSE GAS  

E-print Network

1 THE LIGHT-DUTY-VEHICLE FLEET'S EVOLUTION: 2 ANTICIPATING PHEV ADOPTION AND GREENHOUSE GAS 3 patterns ­ and associated petroleum use 33 and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions ­ can change under different-year simulations predicted the highest market share for PHEVs, HEVs, 40 and Smart Cars under

Kockelman, Kara M.

304

Alternative Fuel Transit Buses: DART's (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) LNG Bus Fleet Final Results  

SciTech Connect

In 1998, Dallas Area Rapid Transit, a public transit agency in Dallas, Texas, began operating a large fleet of heavy-duty buses powered by liquefied natural gas. As part of a $16 million commitment to alternative fuels, DART operates 139 LNG buses serviced by two new LNG fueling stations.

Chandler, K. [Battelle (US); Norton, P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (US); Clark, N.

2000-11-07

305

Fleet Conversion in Local Government: Determinants of Driver Fuel Choice for Bi-Fuel Vehicles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates the conversion of one local government's fleet from gasoline to bi-fuel E-85, compressed natural gas, and liquid propane gas powered vehicles at the midpoint of a 10-year conversion plan. This study employs a behavioral model based on the theory of reasoned action to explore factors that influence an individual's perceived and…

Johns, Kimberly D.; Khovanova, Kseniya M.; Welch, Eric W.

2009-01-01

306

Dynamics of Fishing Gear and Spatial Allocation of Fishing Effort in a Multispecies Fleet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimization of fishing effort allocation and efficient deployment of fishing gear are necessary for successful management of multispecies fisheries. Campeche Bank, located in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico, provides an opportunity to understand fishing effort and fishing gear dynamics through the analysis of the fishing operations of a semi-industrial fleet and obtain insights into how to identify management units for

Carmen Monroy; Silvia Salas; Javier Bello-Pineda

2010-01-01

307

New trends in robotics for agriculture: integration and assessment of a real fleet of robots.  

PubMed

Computer-based sensors and actuators such as global positioning systems, machine vision, and laser-based sensors have progressively been incorporated into mobile robots with the aim of configuring autonomous systems capable of shifting operator activities in agricultural tasks. However, the incorporation of many electronic systems into a robot impairs its reliability and increases its cost. Hardware minimization, as well as software minimization and ease of integration, is essential to obtain feasible robotic systems. A step forward in the application of automatic equipment in agriculture is the use of fleets of robots, in which a number of specialized robots collaborate to accomplish one or several agricultural tasks. This paper strives to develop a system architecture for both individual robots and robots working in fleets to improve reliability, decrease complexity and costs, and permit the integration of software from different developers. Several solutions are studied, from a fully distributed to a whole integrated architecture in which a central computer runs all processes. This work also studies diverse topologies for controlling fleets of robots and advances other prospective topologies. The architecture presented in this paper is being successfully applied in the RHEA fleet, which comprises three ground mobile units based on a commercial tractor chassis. PMID:25143976

Emmi, Luis; Gonzalez-de-Soto, Mariano; Pajares, Gonzalo; Gonzalez-de-Santos, Pablo

2014-01-01

308

TDRS-L JoinS The FLeeT National Aeronautics and Space Administration  

E-print Network

Space Station, Hubble Space Telescope, launch vehicles and a host of other spacecraft--is in good health still are opera- tional. Four of the eight have exceeded their design life. Boeing SpaceTDRS-L JoinS The FLeeT National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov Volume 9 Issue 18

Christian, Eric

309

Alternative fuels for vehicles fleet demonstration program. Final report, volume 2: Appendices  

SciTech Connect

The Alternative Fuels for Vehicles Fleet Demonstration Program (AFV-FDP) was a multiyear effort to collect technical data for use in determining the costs and benefits of alternative-fuel vehicles (AFVs) in typical applications in New York State. This report, Volume 2, includes 13 appendices to Volume 1 that expand upon issues raised therein. Volume 1 provides: (1) Information about the purpose and scope of the AFV-FDP; (2) A summary of AFV-FDP findings organized on the basis of vehicle type and fuel type; (3) A short review of the status of AFV technology development, including examples of companies in the State that are active in developing AFVs and AFV components; and (4) A brief overview of the status of AFV deployment in the State. Volume 3 provides expanded reporting of AFV-FDP technical details, including the complete texts of the brochure Garage Guidelines for Alternative Fuels and the technical report Fleet Experience Survey Report, plus an extensive glossary of AFV terminology. The appendices cover a wide range of issues including: emissions regulations in New York State; production and health effects of ozone; vehicle emissions and control systems; emissions from heavy-duty engines; reformulated gasoline; greenhouse gases; production and characteristics of alternative fuels; the Energy Policy Act of 1992; the Clean Fuel Fleet Program; garage design guidelines for alternative fuels; surveys of fleet managers using alternative fuels; taxes on conventional and alternative fuels; and zero-emission vehicle technology.

NONE

1997-06-01

310

An analysis of fleet numerical oceanographic center winds on the grand banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis is made of the errors in the wind field of the Fleet Numerical Océanographie Center (FNOC) over the northern Grand Banks. Observed wind data from an oil rig at the Bonanza site (47° 30'?, 48° 12 ‘ W) are comparedwith wind data obtainedfrom the grid prepared by FNOC. The resulting two time series are found to be strongly

B. De Young; C. L. Tang

1989-01-01

311

Geospatial Analysis and Optimization of Fleet Logistics to Exploit Alternative Fuels and Advanced Transportation Technologies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes how the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is developing geographical information system (GIS) tools to evaluate alternative fuel availability in relation to garage locations and to perform automated fleet-wide optimization to determine where to deploy alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles and fueling infrastructure.

Sparks, W.; Singer, M.

2010-06-01

312

Case Study: Solving a Rental Fleet Sizing Model with a Large Time–Space Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses a rental fleet sizing problem (RFS) in the context of the truck rental industry, subject to uncertain customer travel time and nonstationary customer demand that is dependent on geographical location, time, and the economic cycle of the industry. We integrate tactical (asset purchases and sales) and operational (empty truck movement and vehicle assignment) decisions, with the explicit

Peiling Wu; Joseph C. Hartman

2010-01-01

313

New Trends in Robotics for Agriculture: Integration and Assessment of a Real Fleet of Robots  

PubMed Central

Computer-based sensors and actuators such as global positioning systems, machine vision, and laser-based sensors have progressively been incorporated into mobile robots with the aim of configuring autonomous systems capable of shifting operator activities in agricultural tasks. However, the incorporation of many electronic systems into a robot impairs its reliability and increases its cost. Hardware minimization, as well as software minimization and ease of integration, is essential to obtain feasible robotic systems. A step forward in the application of automatic equipment in agriculture is the use of fleets of robots, in which a number of specialized robots collaborate to accomplish one or several agricultural tasks. This paper strives to develop a system architecture for both individual robots and robots working in fleets to improve reliability, decrease complexity and costs, and permit the integration of software from different developers. Several solutions are studied, from a fully distributed to a whole integrated architecture in which a central computer runs all processes. This work also studies diverse topologies for controlling fleets of robots and advances other prospective topologies. The architecture presented in this paper is being successfully applied in the RHEA fleet, which comprises three ground mobile units based on a commercial tractor chassis. PMID:25143976

Gonzalez-de-Soto, Mariano; Pajares, Gonzalo

2014-01-01

314

Modeling, simulation & optimization of the landing craft air cushion fleet readiness.  

SciTech Connect

The Landing Craft Air Cushion is a high-speed, over-the-beach, fully amphibious landing craft capable of carrying a 60-75 ton payload. The LCAC fleet can serve to transport weapons systems, equipment, cargo and personnel from ship to shore and across the beach. This transport system is an integral part of our military arsenal and, as such, its readiness is an important consideration for our national security. Further, the best way to expend financial resources that have been allocated to maintain this fleet is a critical Issue. There is a clear coupling between the measure of Fleet Readiness as defined by the customer for this project and the information that is provided by Sandia's ProOpta methodology. Further, there is a richness in the data that provides even more value to the analyst. This report provides an analytic framework for understanding the connection between Fleet Readiness and the output provided by Sandia's ProOpta software. Further, this report highlights valuable information that can also be made available using the ProOpta output and concepts from basic probability theory. Finally, enabling assumptions along with areas that warrant consideration for further study are identified.

Engi, Dennis

2006-10-01

315

Optimizing Multibeam Data Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multibeam sonars are fundamental mapping tools for a wide range of oceanographic studies throughout the global oceans. Initially installed on only a few academic research vessels, they have become standard sensors across global- and ocean-class ships in the U.S. academic research fleet. While ongoing efforts including the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R, http://rvdata.us) and the Global Multi-Resolution Topography Synthesis (GMRT, http://www.marine-geo.org/portals/gmrt) are focused on data documentation, preservation, synthesis and dissemination, the Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC, http://mac.unols.org) was recently established with the primary goal of optimizing multibeam data quality during acquisition. Our strategy is to engage operators, technical specialists and users to develop common protocols, guidelines and tools for use across the fleet. Technical teams are focused on specific aspects of multibeam sonar operation and maintenance, including Sea Acceptance, Acoustic Noise, and Quality Assurance. Key to our effort is working with the community of stakeholders to ensure that protocols and tools suit the needs of the community and can be easily implemented across the fleet. Although MAC efforts are initially focused on deep water systems in the US Academic Research Fleet, we recognize that our community of stakeholders is much broader and also includes operators and users of shallow water. All MAC-generated reports, guidelines and software tools, as well as links to related online resources are being made publicly available through the MAC website (http://mac.unols.org).

Ferrini, V.; Beaudoin, J.; Johnson, P. D.

2012-12-01

316

Space Shuttle Orbiter Fleet Leader Orbital Maneuvering Engine SN 002A injector replacement  

Microsoft Academic Search

During testing of the Fleet Leader Orbital Maneuvering Engine (OME) Serial Number (SN) 002A at the White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) in 1983 the injector was inadvertently damaged. After testing was completed in 1985, there was a concern that the performance of the engine and its response to specific test conditions might not be sufficiently representative of flight engines to

Joseph R. Riccio; David L. Hoppe

1992-01-01

317

Electrical properties of phosphate glasses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigation of the electrical properties of phosphate glasses where transition metal oxide such as iron oxide is the network former and network modifier is presented. Phosphate glasses containing iron are electronically conducting glasses where the polaronic conduction is due to the electron hopping from low to high iron valence state. The identification of structural defects caused by ion/polaron migration, the analysis of dipolar states and electrical conductivity in iron phosphate glasses containing various alkali and mixed alkali ions was performed on the basis of the impedance spectroscopy (IS). The changes in electrical conductivity from as-quenched phosphate glass to fully crystallized glass (glass-ceramics) by IS are analyzed. A change in the characteristic features of IS follows the changes in glass and crystallized glass network. Using IS, the contribution of glass matrix, crystallized grains and grain boundary to the total electrical conductivity for iron phosphate glasses was analyzed. It was shown that decrease in conductivity is caused by discontinuities in the conduction pathways as a result of the disruption of crystalline network where two or more crystalline phases are formed. Also, phosphate-based glasses offer a unique range of biomaterials, as they form direct chemical bonding with hard/soft tissue. The surface charges of bioactive glasses are recognized to be the most important factors in determining biological responses. The improved bioactivity of the bioactive glasses as a result of the effects of the surface charges generated by electrical polarization is discussed.

Mogus-Milankovic, A.; Santic, A.; Reis, S. T.; Day, D. E.

2009-07-01

318

Impact of environmental constraints and aircraft technology on airline fleet composition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis models an airline's decisions about fleet evolution in order to maintain economic and regulatory viability. The aim is to analyze the fleet evolution under different scenarios of environmental policy and technology availability in order to suggest an optimal fleet under each case. An understanding of the effect of aircraft technologies, fleet size and age distribution, and operational procedures on airline performance may improve the quality of policies to achieve environmental goals. Additionally, the effect of decisions about fleet evolution on air travel is assessed as the change in market demand and profits of an abstracted, benevolent monopolist airline. Attention to the environmental impact of aviation has grown, and this has prompted several organizations such as ICAO (and, in response, NASA) to establish emissions reduction targets to reduce aviation's global climate impact. The introduction of new technology, change in operational procedures, etc. are some of the proposed means to achieve these targets. Of these, this thesis studies the efficacy of implementation of environmental policies in form of emissions constraints as a means to achieve these goals and assesses their impact on an airline's fleet evolution and technology use (along with resulting effects on air travel demand). All studies in this thesis are conducted using the Fleet-level Environmental Evaluation Tool (FLEET), a NASA sponsored simulation tool developed at Purdue University. This tool models airline operational decisions via a resource allocation problem and uses a system dynamics type approach to mimic airline economics, their decisions regarding retirement and acquisition of aircraft and evolution of market demand in response to the economic conditions. The development of an aircraft acquisition model for FLEET is a significant contribution of the author. Further, the author conducted a study of various environmental policies using FLEET. Studies introduce constraints on maximum CO2 emissions that the airline can cause, taxes on airlines for excess emissions, and the use of biofuels. The results obtained indicate that implementation of very strict policies that place a heavy penalty on airlines for environmental inefficiency would lead to a drastic decline in market demand served as well as airline profits. For example, to achieve a 50% reduction of CO2 emissions by 2050 from the 2005 levels, the airlines would need to leave as much as 45% of predicted market demand unmet, thereby significantly reducing their profits. Taxing airlines for excess emissions would lead them to use large aircraft for short distance operations to reduce CO2 produced per seat mile, decreasing the total number of flights. Since taxation provides an economic motive for airlines to seek low emissions operations procedures, it can be an effective means of achieving emissions reduction goals. Finally the use of biofuels, under some assumption of biofuel availability and cost, helps reduce emissions without compromising market demand or airline profits.

Moolchandani, Kushal A.

319

Lower GI Series (Barium Enema)  

MedlinePLUS

... Application success rates, funding priorities, and trends Funding Process Tips for applicants; human subjects research information; grant review and management resources; and commonly used funding mechanisms, including diversity ...

320

PHOSPHATE-INDUCED LEAD IMMOBILIZATION IN CONTAMINATED SOIL JOONKI YOON  

E-print Network

PHOSPHATE-INDUCED LEAD IMMOBILIZATION IN CONTAMINATED SOIL By JOONKI YOON A THESIS PRESENTED .....................................................................................6 Phosphate Induced Lead Immobilization............................................................................................9 Phosphate rock

Ma, Lena

321

Uranium endowments in phosphate rock.  

PubMed

This study seeks to identify and specify the components that make up the prospects of U recovery from phosphate rock. A systems approach is taken. The assessment includes i) reviewing past recovery experience and lessons learned; ii) identifying factors that determine recovery; and iii) establishing a contemporary evaluation of U endowments in phosphate rock reserves, as well as the available and recoverable amounts from phosphate rock and phosphoric acid production. We find that in the past, recovery did not fulfill its potential and that the breakup of the Soviet Union worsened then-favorable recovery market conditions in the 1990s. We find that an estimated 5.7 million tU may be recoverable from phosphate rock reserves. In 2010, the recoverable tU from phosphate rock and phosphoric acid production may have been 15,000 tU and 11,000 tU, respectively. This could have filled the world U supply-demand gap for nuclear energy production. The results suggest that the U.S., Morocco, Tunisia, and Russia would be particularly well-suited to recover U, taking infrastructural considerations into account. We demonstrate future research needs, as well as sustainability orientations. We conclude that in order to promote investment and production, it seems necessary to establish long-term contracts at guaranteed prices, ensuring profitability for phosphoric acid producers. PMID:24556272

Ulrich, Andrea E; Schnug, Ewald; Prasser, Horst-Michael; Frossard, Emmanuel

2014-04-15

322

Detergent phosphate bans and eutrophication  

SciTech Connect

The Vollenweider-OECD eutrophication model has been expanded to approximately 400 lakes. It is possible to make a quantitative prediction of the effects of a detergent phosphate ban and thereby to ascertain the potential benefits of such a ban. In order to assess the effect of a detergent phosphate ban on water quality it is necessary to know the percentage of phosphorus in the domestic waste water that enters the water body, either directly or indirectly, and the percentage of the total phosphorus load that is derived from domestic wastewater. Although detergent phosphate bans generally will not result in an overall improvement to water quality, there may be some situations in which eutrophication-related water quality would be improved by a ban. 8 references, 1 figure, 1 table.

Lee, G.F.; Jones, R.A.

1986-04-01

323

Genetic Determinants of Phosphate Response in Drosophila  

PubMed Central

Phosphate is required for many important cellular processes and having too little phosphate or too much can cause disease and reduce life span in humans. However, the mechanisms underlying homeostatic control of extracellular phosphate levels and cellular effects of phosphate are poorly understood. Here, we establish Drosophila melanogaster as a model system for the study of phosphate effects. We found that Drosophila larval development depends on the availability of phosphate in the medium. Conversely, life span is reduced when adult flies are cultured on high phosphate medium or when hemolymph phosphate is increased in flies with impaired Malpighian tubules. In addition, RNAi-mediated inhibition of MAPK-signaling by knockdown of Ras85D, phl/D-Raf or Dsor1/MEK affects larval development, adult life span and hemolymph phosphate, suggesting that some in vivo effects involve activation of this signaling pathway by phosphate. To identify novel genetic determinants of phosphate responses, we used Drosophila hemocyte-like cultured cells (S2R+) to perform a genome-wide RNAi screen using MAPK activation as the readout. We identified a number of candidate genes potentially important for the cellular response to phosphate. Evaluation of 51 genes in live flies revealed some that affect larval development, adult life span and hemolymph phosphate levels. PMID:23520455

Bergwitz, Clemens; Wee, Mark J.; Sinha, Sumi; Huang, Joanne; DeRobertis, Charles; Mensah, Lawrence B.; Cohen, Jonathan; Friedman, Adam; Kulkarni, Meghana; Hu, Yanhui; Vinayagam, Arunachalam; Schnall-Levin, Michael; Berger, Bonnie; Perkins, Lizabeth A.; Mohr, Stephanie E.; Perrimon, Norbert

2013-01-01

324

Assessing deployment strategies for ethanol and flex fuel vehicles in the U.S. light-duty vehicle fleet  

E-print Network

Within the next 3-7 years the US light duty fleet and fuel supply will encounter what is commonly referred to as the "blend wall". This phenomenon describes the situation when more ethanol production has been mandated than ...

McAulay, Jeffrey L. (Jeffrey Lewis)

2009-01-01

325

Evaluating the impact of advanced vehicle and fuel technologies in U.S. light duty vehicle fleet  

E-print Network

The unrelenting increase in oil use by the U.S. light-duty vehicle (LDV) fleet presents an extremely challenging energy and environmental problem. A variety of propulsion technologies and fuels have the promise to reduce ...

Bandivadekar, Anup P

2008-01-01

326

Nephrocalcinosis, Oral Sodium Phosphate Solution, and Phosphate Nephropathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nephrocalcinosis, a syndrome of renal parenchymal calcification, is associated with both acute and chronic kidney disease. Traditionally seen in patients with hypercalciuric disorders, medullary sponge kidney, or tumor lysis syndrome, recent reports have doc- umented nephrocalcinosis following bowel preparation with oral sodium phosphate solution (OSPS), in a syndrome termed \\

ELIOT C. HEHER; HELMUT G. RENNKE; BENJAMIN D. HUMPHREYS; Reza Abdi; Jessamyn Bagley; Joseph V. Bonventre; Barry M. Brenner; Charles B. Carpenter; Anil K. Chandraker; David M. Charytan; Kenneth B. Christopher; Gary C. Curhan; Bradley M. Denker; John P. Forman; Markus H. Frank; M. D. Won; Kook Han; Dirk M. Hentschel; Li-Li Hsiao; Stephen Hsu; John J. Iacomini; Takaharu Ichimura; Julie Lin; M. P. H. Colm; C. Magee; M. P. H. Edgar; L. Milford; David B. Mount; Nader Najafian; Shona Pendse; Martin R. Pollack; Stephen T. Reeders; Mohamed H. Sayegh; Julian L. Seifter; Jagesh V. Shah; Alice M. Sheridan; Ajay K. Singh; Theodore I. Steinman; Eric N. Taylor; Kathryn Tinckam; John K. Tucker; Wolfgang C. Winkelmayer; D. Xueli Yuan; D. Kambiz Zandi-Nejad; Jing Zhou

327

Profile of motor-vehicle fleets in Atlanta 1994. Assessing the market for alternative-fuel vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This document reports the results of the EIA survey of motorvehicle fleets, both private and municipal, in Atlanta. These data should be useful to those whose goal is to assist or participate in the early development of alternative-fuel vehicle markets. The data also should be useful to persons implementing motor-vehicle-related clean air programs or analyzing transportation energy use. Persons in the petroleum industry will find useful information regarding conventional fuels and the fuel-purchasing behavior of fleets.

NONE

1995-11-06

328

Definition of fleet components in the Spanish artisanal fishery of the Gulf of Cádiz (SW Spain ICES division IXa)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Spanish artisanal fishery in the Gulf of Cádiz is of a notably multi-gear and multi-species nature, with target species occurring seasonally, where a fleet composed of about 1000 vessels captures more than 50 commercial species. From this complexity arises the need for defining fleet components (FCs) (i.e., groups of vessels developing the same fishing pattern through the year), which

Luis Silva; Juan Gil; Ignacio Sobrino

2002-01-01

329

Photorelease of phosphates: Mild methods for protecting phosphate derivatives  

PubMed Central

Summary We have developed a new photoremovable protecting group for caging phosphates in the near UV. Diethyl 2-(4-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)-2-oxoethyl phosphate (14a) quantitatively releases diethyl phosphate upon irradiation in aq MeOH or aq MeCN at 350 nm, with quantum efficiencies ranging from 0.021 to 0.067 depending on the solvent composition. The deprotection reactions originate from the triplet excited state, are robust under ambient conditions and can be carried on to 100% conversion. Similar results were found with diethyl 2-(4-methoxy-1-naphthyl)-2-oxoethyl phosphate (14b), although it was significantly less efficient compared with 14a. A key step in the deprotection reaction in aq MeOH is considered to be a Favorskii rearrangement of the naphthyl ketone motif of 14a,b to naphthylacetate esters 25 and 26. Disruption of the ketone-naphthyl ring conjugation significantly shifts the photoproduct absorption away from the effective incident wavelength for decaging of 14, driving the reaction to completion. The Favorskii rearrangement does not occur in aqueous acetonitrile although diethyl phosphate is released. Other substitution patterns on the naphthyl or quinolin-5-yl core, such as the 2,6-naphthyl 10 or 8-benzyloxyquinolin-5-yl 24 platforms, also do not rearrange by aryl migration upon photolysis and, therefore, do not proceed to completion. The 2,6-naphthyl ketone platform instead remains intact whereas the quinolin-5-yl ketone fragments to a much more complex, highly absorbing reaction mixture that competes for the incident light. PMID:25246963

Senadheera, Sanjeewa N; Yousef, Abraham L

2014-01-01

330

Regulation of phosphate starvation response in Arabidopsis  

E-print Network

of the phosphate starvation induced signal transduction pathway in plants, the expression of the phosphate starvation inducible Purple Acid Phosphatase 1 (PAP1) gene was studied in transgenic Arabidopsis. While few components have been identified regulating gene...

Thomas, Beth Elene Armstrong

2007-04-25

331

21 CFR 182.8217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients § 182.8217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2012-04-01

332

21 CFR 182.8217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients § 182.8217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2010-04-01

333

21 CFR 182.8217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients § 182.8217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2011-04-01

334

21 CFR 182.8217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...CONTINUED) SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients § 182.8217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2014-04-01

335

21 CFR 582.5217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2013-04-01

336

21 CFR 582.5217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2010-04-01

337

21 CFR 182.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Multiple Purpose GRAS Food Substances § 182.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2013-04-01

338

21 CFR 182.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Multiple Purpose GRAS Food Substances § 182.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2012-04-01

339

21 CFR 582.5217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2014-04-01

340

21 CFR 582.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE General Purpose Food Additives § 582.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2014-04-01

341

21 CFR 182.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Multiple Purpose GRAS Food Substances § 182.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2014-04-01

342

21 CFR 582.5217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2011-04-01

343

21 CFR 582.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE General Purpose Food Additives § 582.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2013-04-01

344

21 CFR 582.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE General Purpose Food Additives § 582.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2012-04-01

345

21 CFR 582.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE General Purpose Food Additives § 582.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2011-04-01

346

21 CFR 182.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Multiple Purpose GRAS Food Substances § 182.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2010-04-01

347

21 CFR 582.5217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2012-04-01

348

21 CFR 582.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE General Purpose Food Additives § 582.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2010-04-01

349

21 CFR 182.8217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients § 182.8217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2013-04-01

350

21 CFR 182.1217 - Calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Multiple Purpose GRAS Food Substances § 182.1217 Calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...

2011-04-01

351

Genetic Determinants of Phosphate Response in Drosophila  

E-print Network

Phosphate is required for many important cellular processes and having too little phosphate or too much can cause disease and reduce life span in humans. However, the mechanisms underlying homeostatic control of extracellular ...

Schnall-Levin, Michael

352

Workforce-constrained maintenance scheduling for military aircraft fleet: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem is related to a fleet of military aircraft with a certain flying program in which the availability of the aircraft\\u000a sufficient to meet the flying program is a challenging issue. During the pre- or after-flight inspections, some component\\u000a failures of the aircraft may be found. In such cases, the aircraft are sent to the repair shop to be

Nima Safaei; Dragan Banjevic; Andrew K. S. Jardine

2011-01-01

353

INL receives GreenGov Presidential Award for fleet fuel efficiency improvements  

ScienceCinema

Idaho National Laboratory has received a 2010 GreenGov Presidential Award for outstanding achievement in fuel efficiency in its bus and automotive fleets. The award was presented today in Washington, D.C., as part of a three-day symposium on improving sustainability and energy efficiency across the federal government. Lots more content like this is available at INL's facebook page http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2013-05-28

354

Evaluation of KDOT's Vehicle Fleet's CO2 Emissions and Possible Energy Reductions  

E-print Network

324311 0.089082112 SW Sweeper 22072 0.006062762 EQ Equipment 20506 0.005632611 These numbers reflect the expected breakdown when considering a vehicle fleet such as KDOT’s since trucks are generally the appropriate vehicle of choice... the similarities stop. The rest of the maintenance vehicles are mowers, compressors, chippers, sweepers, and tillers. It was found that after an upward trend for the first three years, the overall CO2 emissions, represented by the line of best fit, had...

Nielsen, Eric

2012-12-31

355

Assessment of methane-related fuels for automotive fleet vehicles: technical, supply, and economic assessments  

SciTech Connect

The use of methane-related fuels, derived from a variety of sources, in highway vehicles is assessed. Methane, as used here, includes natural gas (NG) as well as synthetic natural gas (SNG). Methanol is included because it can be produced from NG or the same resources as SNG, and because it is a liquid fuel at normal ambient conditions. Technological, operational, efficiency, petroleum displacement, supply, safety, and economic issues are analyzed. In principle, both NG and methanol allow more efficient engine operation than gasoline. In practice, engines are at present rarely optimized for NG and methanol. On the basis of energy expended from resource extraction to end use, only optimized LNG vehicles are more efficient than their gasoline counterparts. By 1985, up to 16% of total petroleum-based highway vehicle fuel could be displaced by large fleets with central NG fueling depots. Excluding diesel vehicles, which need technology advances to use NG, savings of 8% are projected. Methanol use by large fleets could displace up to 8% of petroleum-based highway vehicle fuel from spark-ignition vehicles and another 9% from diesel vehicles with technology advances. The US NG supply appears adequate to accommodate fleet use. Supply projections, future price differential versus gasoline, and user economics are uncertain. In many cases, attractive paybacks can occur. Compressed NG now costs on average about $0.65 less than gasoline, per energy-equivalent gallon. Methanol supply projections, future prices, and user economics are even more uncertain. Current and projected near-term methanol supplies are far from adequate to support fleet use. Methanol presently costs more than gasoline on an equal-energy basis, but is projected to cost less if produced from coal instead of NG or petroleum.

Not Available

1982-02-01

356

INL receives GreenGov Presidential Award for fleet fuel efficiency improvements  

SciTech Connect

Idaho National Laboratory has received a 2010 GreenGov Presidential Award for outstanding achievement in fuel efficiency in its bus and automotive fleets. The award was presented today in Washington, D.C., as part of a three-day symposium on improving sustainability and energy efficiency across the federal government. Lots more content like this is available at INL's facebook page http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2010-01-01

357

Mobile Gas and Particulate Emission Studies of the New York City Transit Bus Fleet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emissions from both diesel and gasoline powered motor vehicles are a significant source of particulate (PM2.5) and trace gas pollution, especially in urban environments. Emission characterizations of motor vehicles can be performed using a dynamometer but these studies make fleet characterization impractical. Few studies have been performed which characterize emissions from in-use vehicles using a mobile sampling platform. This work

J. T. Jayne; M. Canagaratna; S. Herndon; J. Shorter; M. Zahniser; Q. Shi; C. Kolb; D. Worsnop; J. Jimenez; F. Drewnick; K. Demerjian; T. Lanni

2001-01-01

358

Plume-based analysis of vehicle fleet air pollutant emissions and the contribution from high emitters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An automated identification and integration method has been developed to investigate in-use vehicle emissions under real-world conditions. This technique was applied to high time resolution air pollutant measurements of in-use vehicle emissions performed under real-world conditions at a near-road monitoring station in Toronto, Canada during four seasons, through month-long campaigns in 2013-2014. Based on carbon dioxide measurements, over 100 000 vehicle-related plumes were automatically identified and fuel-based emission factors for nitrogen oxides; carbon monoxide; particle number, black carbon; benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX); and methanol were determined for each plume. Thus the automated identification enabled the measurement of an unprecedented number of plumes and pollutants over an extended duration. Emission factors for volatile organic compounds were also measured roadside for the first time using a proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometer; this instrument provided the time resolution required for the plume capture technique. Mean emission factors were characteristic of the light-duty gasoline dominated vehicle fleet present at the measurement site, with mean black carbon and particle number emission factors of 35 mg kg-1 and 7.7 × 1014 kg-1, respectively. The use of the plume-by-plume analysis enabled isolation of vehicle emissions, and the elucidation of co-emitted pollutants from similar vehicle types, variability of emissions across the fleet, and the relative contribution from heavy emitters. It was found that a small proportion of the fleet (< 25%) contributed significantly to total fleet emissions; 95, 93, 76, and 75% for black carbon, carbon monoxide, BTEX, and particle number, respectively. Emission factors of a single pollutant may help classify a vehicle as a high emitter. However, regulatory strategies to more efficiently target multi-pollutants mixtures may be better developed by considering the co-emitted pollutants as well.

Wang, J. M.; Jeong, C.-H.; Zimmerman, N.; Healy, R. M.; Wang, D. K.; Ke, F.; Evans, G. J.

2015-03-01

359

Infrastructure suited for supporting a fleet of wireless miniature robots designed for atomic-scale operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The coordination of a fleet of miniature instrumented wireless robots operating within a half-meter diameter surface area requires a special infrastructure. The infrastructure described in this paper allows an excess of 100 of these robots to operate simultaneously and continuously at the atomic scale. Among many tasks, the infrastructure provides 4 Mb\\/s half-duplex infrared communication with all robots. It also

Sylvain M. Martel; Torsten Koker; Stefen Riebel; Mark Sherwood; Jeremy Suurkivi; Ian W. Hunter

2001-01-01

360

75 FR 16509 - Certain Potassium Phosphate Salts From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Final)] Certain Potassium Phosphate Salts From China AGENCY: United States International...from China of certain potassium phosphate salts, provided for in subheadings 2835.24...in solution (collectively ``phosphate salts''). Certain Potassium Phosphate...

2010-04-01

361

75 FR 42783 - Certain Potassium Phosphate Salts From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Final)] Certain Potassium Phosphate Salts From China Determinations On the basis...from China of certain potassium phosphate salts, specifically anhydrous dipotassium phosphate...1, 2010 (Certain Potassium Phosphate Salts from China, 75 FR 16509). The...

2010-07-22

362

Distal acidification defect induced by phosphate deprivation.  

PubMed

The effect of phosphate deprivation on urinary acidification was investigated in rats fed a phosphate-deficient diet and in control rats fed the same diet supplemented with phosphate. Phosphate-deprived animals developed hypophosphatemia, hypercalcemia, and hypophosphaturia, but failed to develop hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis following 30 or 60 days of phosphate deprivation. Baseline urine pH was significantly higher in phosphate-deprived rats than in controls, but baseline urine HCO3 excretion was not significantly different between the two groups. The pattern of HCO3 reabsorption in phosphate-deprived rats was identical to that of controls at both low and high plasma HCO3 levels. During chronic NH4Cl administration, both 30- and 60-day phosphate-deprived rats had a sigificantly higher minimal urine pH and lower titratable acid and net acid excretion than seen in controls. NH4 excretion was significantly lower than controls in the 60-day phosphate-deprived rats only. During Na2SO4 administration the minimal urine pH was significantly lower in controls than in phosphate-deprived rats, but there was overlap of urine pH values. At comparable levels of urine pH, NH4 excretion was significantly lower in phosphate-deprived rats than in controls. Phosphate-deprived rats were able to raise urine-blood CO2 pressure to the same levels as controls during both HCO3 loading and Tris buffer administration. Phosphate-deprived rats had greater extrarenal buffering capacity than controls as evidenced by a lower decline in blood pH and HCO3 during HCl infusion in phosphate-deprived rats. These data demonstrate that phosphate deprivation is associated with distal acidification defect, impaired NH3 excretion, and increased extrarenal buffering capacity. The increased availability of buffer in phosphate deprivation may play an important role in acid-base homeostasis in this condition. PMID:7412557

Arruda, J A; Julka, N K; Rubinstein, H; Sabatini, S; Kurtzman, N A

1980-09-01

363

CleanFleet. Final report: Volume 3, vehicle maintenance and durability  

SciTech Connect

CleanFleet is a demonstration of panel vans operating on five alternative motorfuels in commercial package delivery operations in the South Coast Air Basin of California. The five alternative fuels are propane gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol (M-85 with 15 percent RFG), and electricity. Data were gathered on in-use emissions, operations, and fleet economics. This volume of the final report summarizes the maintenance required on these vans from the time they were introduced into the demonstration (April through early November 1992) until the end of the demonstration in September 1994. The vans were used successfully in FedEx operations; but, to varying degrees, the alternative fuel vehicles required more maintenance than the unleaded gasoline control vehicles. The maintenance required was generally associated with the development state of the fuel-related systems. During the demonstration, no non-preventive maintenance was required on the highly developed fuel-related systems in any of the unleaded gasoline production vehicles used either as controls or as RFG test vehicles. The maintenance problems encountered with the less developed systems used in this demonstration may persist in the short term with vehicles featuring the same or similar systems. This means that fleet operators planning near-term acquisitions of vehicles incorporating such systems should consider the potential for similar problems when (1) selecting vendors and warranty provisions and (2) planning maintenance programs.

NONE

1995-12-01

364

Refueling Behavior of Flexible Fuel Vehicle Drivers in the Federal Fleet  

SciTech Connect

Federal fleets are a frequent subject of legislative and executive efforts to lead a national transition to alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies. Section 701 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires that all dual-fueled alternative fuel vehicles in the federal fleet be operated on alternative fuel 100% of the time when they have access to it. However, in Fiscal Year (FY) 2012, drivers of federal flex fuel vehicles (FFV) leased through the General Services Administration refueled with E85 24% of the time when it was available--falling well short of the mandate. The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory completed a 2-year Laboratory Directed Research and Development project to identify the factors that influence the refueling behavior of federal FFV drivers. The project began with two primary hypotheses. First, information scarcity increases the tendency to miss opportunities to purchase E85. Second, even with perfect information, there are limits to how far drivers will go out of their way to purchase E85. This paper discusses the results of the project, which included a June 2012 survey of federal fleet drivers and an empirical analysis of actual refueling behavior from FY 2009 to 2012. This research will aid in the design and implementation of intervention programs aimed at increasing alternative fuel use and reducing petroleum consumption.

Daley, R.; Nangle, J.; Boeckman, G.; Miller, M.

2014-05-01

365

How do demersal fishing fleets interact with aggregate extraction in a congested sea?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effects of the aggregate extraction intensity and the distance to extraction sites on the distribution of fishing effort were investigated for a broad selection of French and English demersal fleets operating in the Eastern English Channel. The most prominent result was that most fleets fishing near to aggregate extraction sites were not deterred by extraction activities. The fishing effort of dredgers and potters could be greater adjacent to marine aggregates sites than elsewhere, and also positively correlated to extraction intensity with a lag of 0-9 months. The distribution of fishing effort of French netters remained consistent over the study period. However, it is of note that the fishing effort of netters has increased substantially in the impacted area of the Dieppe site (where it is correlated to extraction intensity with a lag of 6 months), while slightly decreasing in the intermediate and reference areas. The attraction of fishing fleets is likely due to a local temporary concentration of their main target species. However, knowledge of their life-history characteristics and habitat preferences suggests that some of these species could be particularly vulnerable to aggregate extractions in the longer term.

Marchal, Paul; Desprez, Michel; Vermard, Youen; Tidd, Alex

2014-08-01

366

Glucose-6-phosphate as a probe for the glucosamine-6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase Michaelis complex  

E-print Network

Glucose-6-phosphate as a probe for the glucosamine-6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase Michaelis Available online 20 November 2007 Edited by Hans Eklund Abstract Glucosamine-6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase (GNA1) catalyses the N-acetylation of DD-glucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcN- 6P), using acetyl

van Aalten, Daan

367

From thorium phosphate hydrogenphosphate hydrate to -thorium phosphate diphosphate: structural evolution to a  

E-print Network

1 From thorium phosphate hydrogenphosphate hydrate to - thorium phosphate diphosphate: structural-3016" DOI : 10.1016/j.jssc.2006.05.027 #12;2 Abstract -thorium phosphate diphosphate (-TPD), considered as a very promising radwaste storage material, was obtained from thorium phosphate hydrogenphosphate hydrate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

368

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase revisited.  

PubMed

Hemolytic diseases associated with drugs have been recognized since antiquity. Many of these anemias have been associated with oxidizing agents and deficiencies in the intraerythrocytic enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. This paper outlines the discovery, prevalence, and variants of this enzyme. Methods of diagnosis of associated anemias are offered. PMID:6502728

O'Connell, J T; Henderson, A R

1984-11-01

369

Removal of phosphate by aluminum oxide hydroxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and manufacture of an adsorbent to remove phosphate ion for the prevention of eutrophication in lakes are very important. The characteristics of phosphate adsorption onto aluminum oxide hydroxide were investigated to estimate the adsorption isotherms, the rate of adsorption, and the selectivity of adsorption. Phosphate was easily adsorbed onto aluminum oxide hydroxide, because of the hydroxyl groups. The

Seiki Tanada; Mineaki Kabayama; Naohito Kawasaki; Toru Sakiyama; Takeo Nakamura; Mamiko Araki; Takamichi Tamura

2003-01-01

370

Thermochemical studies on amorphous calcium phosphate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have indicated that synthetically-precipitated amorphous calcium phosphate, even though not a periodically regular structure, possesses a chemically definable local unit of structure. The present paper is a report of thermochemical studies performed to more clearly define this local chemical unit. Upon ignition in the absence of water, freezedried amorphous calcium phosphate preparations converted into crystalline ?-and\\/or ?-tricalcium phosphates.

E. D. EAglES

1970-01-01

371

UTILISATION DU PHOSPHATE MONOAMMONIQUE CHEZ LE MOUTON  

E-print Network

UTILISATION DU PHOSPHATE MONOAMMONIQUE CHEZ LE MOUTON I. — UTILISATION COMPARÉE DU PHOSPHORE DES PHOSPHATES MONOAMMONIQUE ET MONOSODIQUE ET INFLUENCE SUR LE MÉTABOLISME DU CALCIUM ET DU MAGNÉSIUM phosphate monosodique (aliment I), soit du phos- phate monoammonique (aliment II). Un essai parallèle de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

Was There Really an Archean Phosphate Crisis?  

E-print Network

Was There Really an Archean Phosphate Crisis? Kurt O. Konhauser,1 * Stefan V. Lalonde,1 Larry may have stripped dis- solved phosphate from the ocean's photic zone during the Archean (1), when massive amounts of iron were deposited in the form of banded iron formations (BIF). Hypothesized phosphate

Konhauser, Kurt

373

UTILISATION DU PHOSPHATE MONOAMMONIQUE CHEZ LE MOUTON  

E-print Network

UTILISATION DU PHOSPHATE MONOAMMONIQUE CHEZ LE MOUTON II. — INFLUENCE SUR LE MÉTABOLISME zootechniques, I, N. R. A.,., i8!350 Jouy en Josas RÉSUMÉ La valeur du phosphate monoammonique (MAP) pour la'azote non pro- téique apportée par le phosphate monoammonique ; pouvoir tampon du milieu de dilution et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

374

Phosphate based oil well cements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main application of the cement in an oil well is to stabilize the steel casing in the borehole and protect it from corrosion. The cement is pumped through the borehole and is pushed upwards through the annulus between the casing and the formation. The cement will be exposed to temperature and pressure gradients of the borehole. Modified Portland cement that is being used presently has several shortcomings for borehole sealant. The setting of the Portland cement in permafrost regions is poor because the water in it will freeze even before the cement sets and because of high porosity and calcium oxide, a major ingredient it gets easily affected by the down hole gases such as carbon dioxide. The concept of phosphate bonded cements was born out of considerable work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) on their use in stabilization of radioactive and hazardous wastes. Novel cements were synthesized by an acid base reaction between a metal oxide and acid phosphate solution. The major objective of this research is to develop phosphate based oil well cements. We have used thermodynamics along with solution chemistry principles to select calcined magnesium oxide as candidate metal oxide for temperatures up to 200°F (93.3°C) and alumina for temperatures greater than 200°F (93.3°C). Solution chemistry helped us in selecting mono potassium phosphate as the acid component for temperatures less than 200°F (93.3°C) and phosphoric acid solution greater than 200°F (93.3°C). These phosphate cements have performance superior to common Portland well cements in providing suitable thickening time, better mechanical and physical properties.

Natarajan, Ramkumar

375

Analyzing opportunities for energy conservation in municipal fleet management: service delivery patterns, equipment, supply, operations, and maintenance. Information bulletin of the energy task force of the urban consortium  

SciTech Connect

Vehicle fleet management as a five-step process is portrayed and the multiple energy conservation opportunities within each step are examined. The five steps described are, configuration of service area and service delivery patterns, equipping the fleet, operating the fleet, maintaining the fleet, and supplying the fleet with fuel. A systems approach to decision making about municipal fleets is outlined. Management options, control techniques, and devices are suggested for each of the five steps. Reference is made to analytic tools which will assist in deliberating options at each of these steps. These tools are presented in a list. Four concise case studies of jurisdictions which are taking deliberate steps to reduce fuel use are presented. Key opportunities for fuel conservation are then summarized, followed by a selected bibliography, and listing of reference materials and additional resources.

None

1980-01-01

376

Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate regulate phagolysosome biogenesis.  

PubMed

Professional phagocytic cells ingest microbial intruders by engulfing them into phagosomes, which subsequently mature into microbicidal phagolysosomes. Phagosome maturation requires sequential fusion of the phagosome with early endosomes, late endosomes, and lysosomes. Although various phosphoinositides (PIPs) have been detected on phagosomes, it remained unclear which PIPs actually govern phagosome maturation. Here, we analyzed the involvement of PIPs in fusion of phagosomes with various endocytic compartments and identified phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate [PI(4)P], phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate [PI(3)P], and the lipid kinases that generate these PIPs, as mediators of phagosome-lysosome fusion. Phagosome-early endosome fusion required PI(3)P, yet did not depend on PI(4)P. Thus, PI(3)P regulates phagosome maturation at early and late stages, whereas PI(4)P is selectively required late in the pathway. PMID:25825728

Jeschke, Andreas; Zehethofer, Nicole; Lindner, Buko; Krupp, Jessica; Schwudke, Dominik; Haneburger, Ina; Jovic, Marko; Backer, Jonathan M; Balla, Tamas; Hilbi, Hubert; Haas, Albert

2015-04-14

377

Bioavailable dietary phosphate, a mediator of cardiovascular disease, may be decreased with plant-based diets, phosphate binders, niacin, and avoidance of phosphate additives.  

PubMed

Increased fasting serum phosphate within the normal physiological range has been linked to increased cardiovascular risk in prospective epidemiology; increased production of fibroblast growth factor 23, and direct vascular effects of phosphate, may mediate this risk. Although dietary phosphate intake does not clearly influence fasting serum phosphate in individuals with normal renal function, increased phosphate intake can provoke a rise in fibroblast growth factor 23, and in diurnal phosphate levels, and hence may adversely influence vascular health. Dietary phosphate absorption can be moderated by emphasizing plant-based dietary choices (which provide phosphate in less bioavailable forms); avoidance of processed foods containing inorganic phosphate food additives; and by ingestion of phosphate-binder drugs, magnesium supplements, or niacin, which precipitate phosphate or suppress its gastrointestinal absorption. The propensity of dietary phosphate to promote vascular calcification may be opposed by optimal intakes of magnesium, vitamin K, and vitamin D; the latter should also counter the tendency of phosphate to elevate parathyroid hormone. PMID:24984987

McCarty, Mark F; DiNicolantonio, James J

2014-01-01

378

Toyota Prius Plug-In HEV: A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet highlights the Toyota Prius plug-in HEV, a plug-in hybrid electric car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In partnership with the University of Colorado, NREL uses the vehicle for grid-integration studies and for testing new hardware and charge-management algorithms. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

Not Available

2011-10-01

379

Injectability of calcium phosphate pastes.  

PubMed

A theoretical model was developed to assess ways to improve the injectability of calcium phosphate pastes. The theoretical results were then compared to experimental data obtained on calcium phosphate slips. The theoretical approach predicted that the injectability of a cement paste could be improved by an increase of the liquid-to-powder ratio, and a decrease of the particle size and the plastic limit (PL) of the powder. The theoretical results were confirmed by experimental data. Interestingly, an increase of the viscosity of the mixing liquid with small additions of xanthan had a positive effect on the paste injectability. This effect could be due to a change of the PL of the powder or to the lubricating effect of the polymer. PMID:15522757

Bohner, Marc; Baroud, Gamal

2005-05-01

380

Nucleoside phosphorylation by phosphate minerals.  

PubMed

In the presence of formamide, crystal phosphate minerals may act as phosphate donors to nucleosides, yielding both 5'- and, to a lesser extent, 3'-phosphorylated forms. With the mineral Libethenite the formation of 5'-AMP can be as high as 6% of the adenosine input and last for at least 10(3) h. At high concentrations, soluble non-mineral phosphate donors (KH(2)PO(4) or 5'-CMP) afford 2'- and 2':3'-cyclic AMP in addition to 5'-and 3'-AMP. The phosphate minerals analyzed were Herderite Ca[BePO(4)F], Hureaulite Mn(2+)(5)(PO(3)(OH)(2)(PO(4))(2)(H(2)O)(4), Libethenite Cu(2+)(2)(PO(4))(OH), Pyromorphite Pb(5)(PO(4))(3)Cl, Turquoise Cu(2+)Al(6)(PO(4))(4)(OH)(8)(H(2)O)(4), Fluorapatite Ca(5)(PO(4))(3)F, Hydroxylapatite Ca(5)(PO(4))(3)OH, Vivianite Fe(2+)(3)(PO(4))(2)(H(2)O)(8), Cornetite Cu(2+)(3)(PO(4))(OH)(3), Pseudomalachite Cu(2+)(5)(PO(4))(2)(OH)(4), Reichenbachite Cu(2+)(5)(PO(4))(2)(OH)(4), and Ludjibaite Cu(2+)(5)(PO(4))(2)(OH)(4)). Based on their behavior in the formamide-driven nucleoside phosphorylation reaction, these minerals can be characterized as: 1) inactive, 2) low level phosphorylating agents, or 3) active phosphorylating agents. Instances were detected (Libethenite and Hydroxylapatite) in which phosphorylation occurs on the mineral surface, followed by release of the phosphorylated compounds. Libethenite and Cornetite markedly protect the beta-glycosidic bond. Thus, activated nucleic monomers can form in a liquid non-aqueous environment in conditions compatible with the thermodynamics of polymerization, providing a solution to the standard-state Gibbs free energy change (DeltaG degrees ') problem, the major obstacle for polymerizations in the liquid phase in plausible prebiotic scenarios. PMID:17412692

Costanzo, Giovanna; Saladino, Raffaele; Crestini, Claudia; Ciciriello, Fabiana; Di Mauro, Ernesto

2007-06-01

381

Molecular Structure of Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) is an intermediate molecule involved in many essential reactions and processes occurring in the body. Some of these vital processes are glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, glycerophospholipid, glycerol metabolism, phosphatidic acid synthesis, fat metabolism, and the Calvin Cycle. DHAP derivatives play an important role in the human genome. It is also employed in the glycerophosphate shuttle, which functions as an electron-transporting mechanism in insect muscle.

2003-05-08

382

Doped nanocrystalline calcium carbonate phosphates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation of nanocrystalline calcium carbonate phosphates doped with Fe2+, Mg2, Zn2+, K+, Si4+, and Mn2+ has been studied by X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, differential thermal analysis, and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence\\u000a analysis. The results indicate that the synthesis involves the formation of hydroxy carbonate complexes from the three calcium\\u000a carbonate polymorphs (calcite, vaterite, and aragonite) in a solution of

L. F. Koroleva

2010-01-01

383

Phosphate accumulation of Acetobacter xylinum.  

PubMed

The cells of Acetobacter xylinum decreased phosphate concentration in the medium from 5 to 2.5 or 0.3 mM during incubation in the presence of Mg(2+) and glucose, or Mg(2+) and casamino acids, respectively. The prevalence of orthophosphate or polyphosphate in the biomass of A. xylinum depends on the medium composition. Under phosphate uptake in the presence of glucose, the content of orthophosphate in the biomass changed little, while that of polyphosphate increased fourfold. At incubation with casamino acids, the content of orthophosphate increased 15 times, while that of polyphosphate increased only 2.5 times. Some part of orthophosphate in this case seems to be bound with the cell surface. The polyphosphate chain length in the cells of A. xylinim increases under phosphate uptake. This increase is more noticeable in the presence of glucose. Casamino acids can be replaced by alpha-ketoglutaric acid in combination with (NH(4))(2)SO(4), or arginine, or glutamine, the catabolism of which results in formation of NH(4) (+) and alpha-ketoglutarate. PMID:19308357

Ryazanova, Lubov P; Suzina, Natalia E; Kulakovskaya, Tatiana V; Kulaev, Igor S

2009-05-01

384

Phosphate: are we squandering a scarce commodity?  

PubMed

Phosphorus is an essential element for life but is a rare element in the universe. On Earth, it occurs mostly in the form of phosphates that are widespread but predominantly at very low concentration. This relative rarity has resulted in a survival advantage, in evolutionary terms, to organisms that conserve phosphate. When phosphate is made available in excess it becomes a cause for disease, perhaps best recognized as a potential cardiovascular and renal risk factor. As a reaction to the emerging public health issue caused by phosphate additives to food items, there have been calls for a public education programme and regulation to bring about a reduction of phosphate additives to food. During the Paleoproterzoic era, an increase in the bioavailability of phosphate is thought to have contributed significantly to the oxygenation of our atmosphere and a dramatic increase in the evolution of new species. Currently, phosphate is used poorly and often wasted with phosphate fertilizers washing this scarce commodity into water bodies causing eutrophication and algal blooms. Ironically, this is leading to the extinction of hundreds of species. The unchecked exploitation of phosphate rock, which is an increasingly rare natural resource, and our dependence on it for agriculture may lead to a strange situation in which phosphate might become a commodity to be fought over whilst at the same time, health and environmental experts are likely to recommend reductions in its use. PMID:25230707

Ferro, Charles J; Ritz, Eberhard; Townend, Jonathan N

2015-02-01

385

Oral phosphate binders: history and prospects.  

PubMed

The use of an oral phosphate binder is a promising and most practical strategy for the prevention of vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). To secure the safety: 1) the oral phosphate binder must not cause adverse effects in the gastrointestinal tract; 2) the oral phosphate binder should be non-absorbable or barely absorbable through the gastrointestinal tract, or 3) if partially absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract, it must be eliminated from circulation through a pathway other than urinary excretion, and 4) even if it accumulates in the body, it should not cause organ dysfunctions. Metal salt type oral phosphate binder is the most classical type of oral phosphate binders that includes aluminum hydroxide gel and lanthanum carbonate. These oral phosphate binders effectively adsorb phosphate ions, however, have a potential risk for accumulation and intoxication. Calcium salt type oral phosphate binder was the most widely prescribed oral phosphate binder in the last decade but is now believed to exert potential harm, favoring progression of vascular calcification through excessive intestinal calcium load. However, recent studies failed to detect an inferiority of calcium salt type oral phosphate binders as compared to non-calcium salt type oral phosphate binders in terms of mortality and/or morbidity of hemodialysis patients. Polymerized resin type is a safe and relatively effective oral phosphate binder, which is supported by many clinical evidences. However, it sometimes causes severe constipation, especially in Japanese patients. Among metal compound type oral phosphate binder, other promising compounds include boehmite-type aluminum and hydrotalcite-like compounds but they are not yet available in the clinical setting. PMID:19442621

Kazama, Junichiro James

2009-07-01

386

Baseline knowledge on vehicle safety and head restraints among Fleet Managers in British Columbia Canada: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background: Whiplash is the most common injury type arising from motor vehicle collisions, often leading to long-term suffering and disability. Prevention of such injuries is possible through the use of appropriate, correctly positioned, vehicular head restraints. Objective: To survey the awareness and knowledge level of vehicle fleet managers in the province of British Columbia, Canada, on the topics of vehicle safety, whiplash injury, and prevention; and to better understand whether these factors influence vehicle purchase/lease decisions. Methods: A survey was administered to municipal vehicle fleet managers at a professional meeting (n = 27). Results: Although many respondents understood the effectiveness of vehicle head restraints in the prevention of whiplash injury, the majority rarely adjusted their own headrests. Fleet managers lacked knowledge about the seriousness of whiplash injuries, their associated costs for Canada’s healthcare system, and appropriate head restraint positions to mitigate such injuries. The majority of respondents indicated that fleet vehicle purchase/lease decisions within their organization did not factor whiplash prevention as an explicit safety priority. Conclusions: There is relatively little awareness and enforcement of whiplash prevention strategies among municipal vehicle fleet managers. PMID:21886279

Desapriya, Ediriweera; Hewapathirane, D. Sesath; Peiris, Dinithi; Romilly, Doug; White, Marc

2011-01-01

387

Mapping sub-surface geostrophic currents from altimetry and a fleet of gliders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Integrating the observations gathered by different platforms into a unique physical picture of the environment is a fundamental aspect of networked ocean observing systems. These are constituted by a spatially distributed set of sensors and platforms that simultaneously monitor a given ocean region. Remote sensing from satellites is an integral part of present ocean observing systems. Due to their autonomy, mobility and controllability, underwater gliders are envisioned to play a significant role in the development of networked ocean observatories. Exploiting synergism between remote sensing and underwater gliders is expected to result on a better characterization of the marine environment than using these observational sources individually. This study investigates a methodology to estimate the three dimensional distribution of geostrophic currents resulting from merging satellite altimetry and in situ samples gathered by a fleet of Slocum gliders. Specifically, the approach computes the volumetric or three dimensional distribution of absolute dynamic height (ADH) that minimizes the total energy of the system while being close to in situ observations and matching the absolute dynamic topography (ADT) observed from satellite at the sea surface. A three dimensional finite element technique is employed to solve the minimization problem. The methodology is validated making use of the dataset collected during the field experiment called Rapid Environmental Picture-2010 (REP-10) carried out by the NATO Undersea Research Center-NURC during August 2010. A marine region off-shore La Spezia (northwest coast of Italy) was sampled by a fleet of three coastal Slocum gliders. Results indicate that the geostrophic current field estimated from gliders and altimetry significantly improves the estimates obtained using only the data gathered by the glider fleet.

Alvarez, A.; Chiggiato, J.; Schroeder, K.

2013-04-01

388

Designing of a Fleet-Leader Program for Carbon Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels (COPVs) are often used for storing pressurant gases on board spacecraft when mass saving is a prime requirement. Substantial weight savings can be achieved compared to all metallic pressure vessels. For example, on the space shuttle, replacement of all metallic pressure vessels with Kevlar COPVs resulted in a weight savings of about 30 percent. Mass critical space applications such as the Ares and Orion vehicles are currently being planned to use as many COPVs as possible in place of all-metallic pressure vessels to minimize the overall mass of the vehicle. Due to the fact that overwraps are subjected to sustained loads during long periods of a mission, stress rupture failure is a major concern. It is, therefore, important to ascertain the reliability of these vessels by analysis, since it is practically impossible to show by experimental testing the reliability of flight quality vessels. Also, it is a common practice to set aside flight quality vessels as "fleet leaders" in a test program where these vessels are subjected to slightly accelerated operating conditions so that they lead the actual flight vessels both in time and load. The intention of fleet leaders is to provide advanced warning if there is a serious design flaw in the vessels so that a major disaster in the flight vessels can be averted with advance warning. On the other hand, the accelerating conditions must be not so severe as to be prone to false alarms. The primary focus of the present paper is to provide an analytical basis for designing a viable fleet leader program for carbon COPVs. The analysis is based on a stress rupture behavior model incorporating Weibull statistics and power-law sensitivity of life to fiber stress level.

Murthy, Pappu L.N.; Phoenix, S. Leigh

2009-01-01

389

An analysis of the costs of running a station car fleet  

SciTech Connect

Station cars are electric vehicles available at transit stations which may be used for transportation between the transit station and home, work, and/or for errands. This transportation service would be provided by the local transit agency. This report discusses an economic model of the costs of running a station car fleet. While some of these costs are highly uncertain, this analysis is a first look at the required user fees for full cost recovery. The model considers the capital costs of the vehicles and the required infrastructure; the annual fixed vehicle costs for insurance, registration, etc.; the mileage-based costs; and the annual non-vehicle costs for administration, infrastructure maintenance, etc. The model also includes various factors such as the fleet size, the annual mileage, the number of transit stations that would have facilities for station cars, and the number of users. The model specifically examines the cost of using of electric vehicles; however, for comparison, the cost of using a fleet of gasoline-powered vehicles also is calculated. This report examines the sensitivity of the model to the various factors. A principal conclusion from the analysis is that the largest cost contributor is the initial vehicle purchase price. For a given initial purchase price, the factor driving the user fee required for full cost recovery is the number of different daily users of a vehicle. The model also compares the annual cost of transportation using station cars and mass transit to the annual cost of solo commuting. If a station car is used by more than one person a day, and this use replaces the ownership of a conventional vehicle, the annual cost of transportation may be similar. However, for the base case assumptions, the station car user fee required for full cost recovery is higher than the cost of solo commuting.

Zurn, R.M.

1995-02-01

390

On-board gaseous emissions of LPG taxis and estimation of taxi fleet emissions.  

PubMed

Instantaneous CO, NO, and HC emissions and exhaust flow rates from four LPG taxis, which adhered to Euro 2-4 emission standards, were measured using a sophisticated portable emission measurement system (PEMS). Instantaneous air/fuel ratios, emission rates, and emission factors at different operating modes were derived to explore the emission characteristics of these four taxis. Results show that gaseous emissions from these four taxis exceed emission standards, due to extended vehicle use and poor maintenance. NO emissions from newer taxis are lower whilst CO and HC emissions of the Euro 4 taxi are similar to those of Euro 2 taxis during idling and low speed travel. The taxis emit lower amounts of gaseous pollutants whilst idling and emit the highest amounts of CO and NO whilst accelerating. Large fluctuations in air/fuel ratios can be observed from the Euro 4 taxi during idling, indicating a malfunction of fuel supply control to the engine. Such fluctuations are not observed from the other taxis. This shows that a Euro 4 taxi is not necessarily cleaner than a Euro 3 taxi. Emission factors derived from on-board measurements are applied to estimate gaseous emissions from the taxi fleet; these results show that emissions are higher during peak hour traffic conditions. An estimate of the taxi fleet's emissions whilst the older taxis are replaced is also calculated. It can be seen that faster replacement of older taxis can lead to reductions in gaseous emissions from the taxi fleet. This study shows that the PEMS is an adequate tool for measuring emissions from LPG vehicles and that there is an urgent need to enforce emission standards on taxis. This study also shows that on-board measurements should be incorporated in the estimation of emissions from other vehicle types. This would result in better emission estimations under local traffic conditions. PMID:21937087

Lau, Jason; Hung, W T; Cheung, C S

2011-11-15

391

REPORT on the TRUCK BRAKE LINING WORKSHOP and FLEET OPERATORS' SURVEY  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes what transpired during brake linings-related workshop held at the Fall 2003 meeting of the Technology and Maintenance Council (TMC) in Charlotte, NC. The title of the workshop was ''Developing a Useful Friction Material Rating System''. It was organized by a team consisting of Peter Blau (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Jim Britell (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), and Jim Lawrence (Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association). The workshop was held under the auspices of TMC Task Force S6 (Chassis), chaired by Joseph Stianche (Sanderson Farms, Inc.). Six invited speakers during the morning session provided varied perspectives on testing and rating aftermarket automotive and truck brake linings. They were: James R. Clark, Chief Engineer, Foundation Brakes and Wheel Equipment, Dana Corporation, Spicer Heavy Axle and Brake Division; Charles W. Greening, Jr, President, Greening Test Labs; Tim Duncan, General Manager, Link Testing Services;Dennis J. McNichol, President, Dennis NationaLease; Jim Fajerski, Business Manager, OE Sales and Applications Engineering, Federal Mogul Corporation; and Peter J. Blau, Senior Materials Development Engineer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The afternoon break-out sessions addressed nine questions concerning such issues as: ''Should the federal government regulate aftermarket lining quality?''; ''How many operators use RP 628, and if so, what's good or bad about it?''; and ''Would there be any value to you of a vocation-specific rating system?'' The opinions of each discussion group, consisting of 7-9 participants, were reported and consolidated in summary findings on each question. Some questions produced a greater degree of agreement than others. In general, the industry seems eager for more information that would allow those who are responsible for maintaining truck brakes to make better, more informed choices on aftermarket linings. A written fleet operator survey was also conducted during the TMC meeting. Twenty-one responses were received, spanning fleet sizes between 12 and 170,000 vehicles. Responses are summarized in a series of tables separated into responses from small (100 or fewer powered vehicles), medium (101-1000 vehicles), and large fleets (>1000 vehicles). The vast majority of fleets do their own brake maintenance, relying primarily on experience and lining manufactures to select aftermarket linings. At least half of the responders are familiar to some extent with TMC Recommended Practice 628 on brake linings, but most do not use this source of test data as the sole criterion to select linings. Significant shortfalls in the applicability of TMC RP 628 to certain types of brake systems were noted.

Blau, P.J.

2003-02-03

392

Estimating emissions from the Indian transport sector with on-road fleet composition and traffic volume  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urbanization and rising household incomes in India have led to growing transport demand, particularly during 1990-2010. Emissions from transportation have been implicated in air quality and climate effects. In this work, emissions of particulate matter (PM2.5 or mass concentration of particles smaller than 2.5 um diameter), black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC), were estimated from the transport sector in India, using detailed technology divisions and regionally measured emission factors. Modes of transport addressed in this work include road transport, railways, shipping and aviation, but exclude off-road equipment like diesel machinery and tractors. For road transport, a vehicle fleet model was used, with parameters derived from vehicle sales, registration data, and surveyed age-profile. The fraction of extremely high emitting vehicles, or superemitters, which is highly uncertain, was assumed as 20%. Annual vehicle utilization estimates were based on regional surveys and user population. For railways, shipping and aviation, a top-down approach was applied, using nationally reported fuel consumption. Fuel use and emissions from on-road vehicles were disaggregated at the state level, with separate estimates for 30 cities in India. The on-road fleet was dominated by two-wheelers, followed by four-and three-wheelers, with new vehicles comprising the majority of the fleet for each vehicle type. A total of 276 (-156, 270) Gg/y PM2.5, 144 (-99, 207) Gg/y BC, and 95 (-64, 130) Gg/y OC emissions were estimated, with over 97% contribution from on-road transport. Largest emitters were identified as heavy duty diesel vehicles for PM2.5 and BC, but two-stroke vehicles and superemitters for OC. Old vehicles (pre-2005) contributed significantly more (?70%) emissions, while their share in the vehicle fleet was smaller (?45%). Emission estimates were sensitive to assumed superemitter fraction. Improvement of emission estimates requires on-road emission factor measurements for all vehicle types and a better understanding of vehicle utilization and superemitter fraction.

Pandey, Apoorva; Venkataraman, Chandra

2014-12-01

393

Adaptation rate of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin and cognitive performance in offshore fleet shift workers: a field study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To determine the total phase delay and adaptation rate of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s) on subjective and objective sleep quality\\u000a and cognitive performance after 7 days of working night shifts (1800–0600 hours). The subjects studied were offshore fleet\\u000a workers (N = 7).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Seven days of urine samples were collected to determine the total phase delay and adaptation rate of aMT6s. Subjective and\\u000a objective sleep quality was

Jakob H. Hansen; Ingunn H. Geving; Randi E. Reinertsen

2010-01-01

394

Alternate vehicle fuel for small fleet. Final technical report, September 28, 1981-December 24, 1982  

SciTech Connect

The goal for the City of Rice Lake using the Department of Energy's Grand Award was to establish a methane fuel station and a ten-vehicle fleet as a demonstration project. The project would serve municipal and commercial vehicles to demonstrate an alternate utilization of our energy source (natural gas) and the benefits derived from it. Operational data was properly documented so commercial firms, institutions, and individuals can utilize the data for evaluating cost benefit ratio. Through the use of methane gas, the fuel cost to the City is projected to be reduced by 50% while utilizing a safer, cleaner, and nationally produced fuel.

Not Available

1982-12-01

395

Fuel Economy of the Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet (released in AEO2005)  

EIA Publications

The U.S. fleet of light-duty vehicles consists of cars and light trucks, including minivans, sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and trucks with gross vehicle weight less than 8,500 pounds. The fuel economy of light-duty vehicles is regulated by the (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) CAFE standards set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Currently, the CAFE standard is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for cars and 20.7 mpg for light trucks. The most recent increase in the CAFE standard for cars was in 1990, and the most recent increase in the CAFE standard for light trucks was in 1996.

2005-01-01

396

Application of Calcium Phosphate Materials in Dentistry  

PubMed Central

Calcium phosphate materials are similar to bone in composition and in having bioactive and osteoconductive properties. Calcium phosphate materials in different forms, as cements, composites, and coatings, are used in many medical and dental applications. This paper reviews the applications of these materials in dentistry. It presents a brief history, dental applications, and methods for improving their mechanical properties. Notable research is highlighted regarding (1) application of calcium phosphate into various fields in dentistry; (2) improving mechanical properties of calcium phosphate; (3) biomimetic process and functionally graded materials. This paper deals with most common types of the calcium phosphate materials such as hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate which are currently used in dental and medical fields. PMID:23878541

Al-Sanabani, Jabr S.; Al-Sanabani, Fadhel A.

2013-01-01

397

Tetracalcium phosphate: Synthesis, properties and biomedical applications.  

PubMed

Monoclinic tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP, Ca(4)(PO(4))(2)O), also known by the mineral name hilgenstockite, is formed in the (CaO-P(2)O(5)) system at temperatures>1300 degrees C. TTCP is the only calcium phosphate with a Ca/P ratio greater than hydroxyapatite (HA). It appears as a by-product in plasma-sprayed HA coatings and shows moderate reactivity and concurrent solubility when combined with acidic calcium phosphates such as dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA, monetite) or dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD, brushite). Therefore it is widely used in self-setting calcium phosphate bone cements, which form HA under physiological conditions. This paper aims to review the synthesis and properties of TTCP in biomaterials applications such as cements, sintered ceramics and coatings on implant metals. PMID:20438869

Moseke, C; Gbureck, U

2010-10-01

398

Application of calcium phosphate materials in dentistry.  

PubMed

Calcium phosphate materials are similar to bone in composition and in having bioactive and osteoconductive properties. Calcium phosphate materials in different forms, as cements, composites, and coatings, are used in many medical and dental applications. This paper reviews the applications of these materials in dentistry. It presents a brief history, dental applications, and methods for improving their mechanical properties. Notable research is highlighted regarding (1) application of calcium phosphate into various fields in dentistry; (2) improving mechanical properties of calcium phosphate; (3) biomimetic process and functionally graded materials. This paper deals with most common types of the calcium phosphate materials such as hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate which are currently used in dental and medical fields. PMID:23878541

Al-Sanabani, Jabr S; Madfa, Ahmed A; Al-Sanabani, Fadhel A

2013-01-01

399

Best available practices for lng fueling of fleet vehicles. Topical report, March-November 1995, tasks 85 and 86  

SciTech Connect

The report provides essential information on the design and operation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) fueling stations for fleet vehicles. The report serves to evaluate current practices in LNG fleet vehicle fueling station designs, and provide fleet operators with a tool for use in discussions with permitting agencies, engineering firms, fabricators, and contractors who permit, design, or construct LNG fueling stations. Representative sites (i.e., LNG fueling stations) were evaluated for technical feasibility, customer satisfaction, economics, operating and maintenance history, problems encountered/overcome, and regulatory environment. The compiled information in this report reveals that LNG fueling stations have advanced to the point where LNG is a viable alternative to gasoline and/or diesel fuel.

Midgett, D.E.

1996-02-01

400

Mineral induced formation of sugar phosphates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glycolaldehyde phosphate, sorbed from highly dilute, weakly alkaline solution into the interlayer of common expanding sheet structure metal hydroxide minerals, condenses extensively to racemic aldotetrose-2,4-diphosphates and aldohexose-2,4,6-triphosphates. The reaction proceeds mainly through racemic erythrose-2,4-phosphate, and terminates with a large fraction of racemic altrose-2,4,6-phosphate. In the absence of an inductive mineral phase, no detectable homogeneous reaction takes place in the concentration-

S. Pitsch; A. Eschenmoser; B. Gedulin; S. Hui; G. Arrhenius

1995-01-01

401

Molecular Structure of Fructose-6-phosphate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Fructose-6-Phosphate is a phosphorylated form of fructose which is commonly found in plant cells and animal tissues. In plant cells, it serves as an intermediate in glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, the pentose phosphate pathway, and the Calvin cycle. It is also present in animal tissues in an equilibrium mixture with glucose-6-phosphate. In human genetics, its gene symbol is GFPT1, and its locus is 2p13.

2003-05-08

402

Solubilization of rock phosphate by rape  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rape and sunflower were compared with respect to their rock phosphate mobilizing capacities, cationanion balance and uptake of Ca and NO3 at P-starvation. Rape was able to mobilize P from rock phosphate, whereas sunflower was not.When grown on a complete nutrient solution with NO3 as the only nitrogen source, both species took up more nutrient anions than cations. Withholding phosphate

Ellis Hoffland; Günter R. Findenegg; Jacob A. Nelemans

1989-01-01

403

Phosphate concentration in ophthalmic corticoid preparations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Topical preparations, high in phosphate, may cause calcification when used on a damaged corneal surface. The knowledge of\\u000a the phosphate concentration in medications helps to prevent corneal calcifications. Our study gives an overview of the amount\\u000a of phosphate contained in ophthalmic corticoid preparations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Samples of 38 commercially available corticoid preparations were tested. The quantification of phosphate was performed using\\u000a the

W. Bernauer; M. A. Thiel; K. M. Rentsch

2008-01-01

404

Mineral induced formation of sugar phosphates  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Glycolaldehyde phosphate, sorbed from highly dilute, weakly alkaline solution into the interlayer of common expanding sheet structure metal hydroxide minerals, condenses extensively to racemic aldotetrose-2, 4-diphophates, and aldohexose-2, 4, 6-triphosphates. The reaction proceeds mainly through racemic erythrose-2, 4-phosphate, and terminates with a large fraction of racemic altrose-2, 4, 6-phosphate. In the absence of an inductive mineral phase, no detectable homogeneous reaction takes place in the concentration- and pH range used. The reactant glycolaldehyde phosphate is practically completely sorbed within an hour from solutions with concentrations as low as 50 micron; the half-time for conversion to hexose phosphates is of the order of two days at room temperature and pH 9.5. Total production of sugar phosphates in the mineral interlayer is largely independent of the glycolaldehyde phosphate concentration in the external solution, but is determined by the total amount of GAP offered for sorption up to the capacity of the mineral. In the presence of equimolar amounts of rac-glyceraldehyde-2-phosphate, but under otherwise similar conditions, aldopentose-2, 4, -diphosphates also form, but only as a small fraction of the hexose-2, 4, 6-phosphates.

Pitsch, S.; Eschenmoser, A.; Gedulin, B.; Hui, S.; Arrhenius, G.

1995-01-01

405

Development of Calcium Phosphate-gelatin Composites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study was performed to investigate and develop a biomaterial of calcium phosphate/gelatin to be used as an injectable bone substitute. Gelatin is an ideal medium to transfer calcium phosphate because it is biocompatible, biodegradable, cheap, and can be injected without open surgery. The interaction of calcium and phosphate with gelatin will be studied; these include solubility, titration and precipitation. The calcium phosphate/gelatin composites will be characterized by chemical analysis, x-ray powder diffraction, and infrared spectroscopy. The mechanical strength, such as DTS, will also be investigated.

Hwang, Jesse

2005-01-01

406

Low temperature ultrasonic attenuation in phosphate glasses  

SciTech Connect

Ultrasonic attenuation measurements on phosphate glasses with different chain lengths, lead metaphosphate and lead-indium phosphate, have been carried out at low temperatures (0.3 10 K) and high frequencies (100 160 MHz). The materials investigated are lead metaphosphate (average chain length > 15) and lead indium phosphate (average chain length = 3). Both materials have the typical glasslike behavior, explained by the presence of tunneling states (TS). A detailed analysis reveals that the density of states of these TS is significantly lower in the lead metaphosphate glass compared to the lead indium glass. This difference can be related to the difference in length of the phosphate tetrahedra chains.

Keppens, V. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Laermans, C. [University of Leuven; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL

2011-01-01

407

Hydrothermal Modification of Granular Steel Slag for Phosphate Removal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance of phosphate removal using hydrothermal modified granular steel slag was evaluated. The effects of steel slag dosage, reaction time, solution pH and initial phosphate concentration of synthesized wastewater on phosphate removal were also investigated. The results show that the modified steel slag is more efficient than raw granular steel slag in phosphate removal. The residual phosphate concentration decreased

Guangwei Wang; Liping Qiu; Shoubin Zhang; Xuedong Zhai; Jun Ma

2011-01-01

408

Fleeting Smile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author's students were an unhappy, skeptical group of middle school students. Many of them had emotional issues. Many had drug addiction and prostitution in their broken and poverty-ridden families. Her school, which is a small charter school in a remote Arizona town, was a place of last resort for these students, who probably would not…

Davidson, Sally

2006-01-01

409

Optimal contracts for providing load-side frequency regulation service using fleets of electric vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We focus on the charging process of a fleet of electric vehicles overnight for providing load-side regulation service. At the heart of this complex problem, the goal is to transfer a certain amount of energy to the fleet by a given deadline; however, when and how fast the energy is sent is flexible. We examine a unidirectional setting in the cases where regulation signals are deterministic (worst case) and stochastic. We study both a single-shot optimization scenario carried at the start of the charging period, and a dynamic optimization scenario, where the optimal control strategy is re-evaluated several times over the duration of the charging interval. We show that most of the gains from dynamic optimization can be obtained by re-evaluating the optimization problem at the midpoint of the charging interval. Moreover, the optimal value of the regulation service in the worst-case deterministic setting nearly matches the stochastic setting with dynamic optimization. We validate our results using both simulation and real-world data.

Zarkoob, Hadi; Keshav, Srinivasan; Rosenberg, Catherine

2013-11-01

410

Mobile source CO2 mitigation through smart growth development and vehicle fleet hybridization.  

PubMed

This paper presents the results of a study on the effectiveness of smart growth development patterns and vehicle fleet hybridization in reducing mobile source emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) across 11 major metropolitan regions of the Midwestern U.S. over a 50-year period. Through the integration of a vehicle travel activity modeling framework developed by researchers atthe Oak Ridge National Laboratory with small area population projections, we model mobile source emissions of CO2 associated with alternative land development and technology change scenarios between 2000 and 2050. Our findings suggest that under an aggressive smart growth scenario, growth in emissions expected to occur under a business as usual scenario is reduced by 34%, while the full dissemination of hybrid-electric vehicles throughout the light vehicle fleet is found to offset the expected growth in emissions by 97%. Our results further suggest that high levels of urban densification could achieve reductions in 2050 CO2 emissions equivalent to those attainable through the full dissemination of hybrid-electric vehicle technologies. PMID:19368160

Stone, Brian; Mednick, Adam C; Holloway, Tracey; Spak, Scott N

2009-03-15

411

Preliminary investigation Area 12 fleet operations steam cleaning discharge area Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the characterization activities and findings of a former steam cleaning discharge area at the Nevada Test Site. The former steam cleaning site is located in Area 12 east of Fleet Operations Building 12-16. The characterization project was completed as a required condition of the ``Temporary Water Pollution Control Permit for the Discharge From Fleet Operations Steam Cleaning Facility`` issued by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection. The project objective was to collect shallow soil samples in eight locations in the former surface discharge area. Based upon field observations, twelve locations were sampled on September 6, 1995 to better define the area of potential impact. Samples were collected from the surface to a depth of approximately 0.3 meters (one foot) below land surface. Discoloration of the surface soil was observed in the area of the discharge pipe and in localized areas in the natural drainage channel. The discoloration appeared to be consistent with the topographically low areas of the site. Hydrocarbon odors were noted in the areas of discoloration only. Samples collected were analyzed for bulk asbestos, Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) metals, total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), semi-volatile organic compounds (Semi-VOCs), and gamma scan.

NONE

1996-07-01

412

Alternative fuel vehicles for the state fleets: Results of the 5-year planning process  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the first attempt by the Department of Energy (DOE) to work with states to prepare five-year Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) acquisition plans to identify alternative fuels and vehicles that they are planning on or would like to acquire. The DOE Regional Support Offices (RSOs) met with representatives from the states in their regions and assisted in the preparation of the plans. These plans will be used in conjunction with previously gathered Federal five-year plans to encourage Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) to expand the variety of AFVs produced, reduce the incremental cost of AFVs, and to encourage fuel suppliers to expand the alternative fuel infrastructure and alternative fuel availability. By identifying the needs and requirements of state fleets, DOE can begin to describe the specific nature of the future state fleets, and establish a defined market for OEMs and fuel suppliers. DOE initiated the development and collection of the state five-year plans before the signing of the Energy Policy Act, to raise the awareness of states that they will be required by law to acquire AFVs. As a result, several states that had no AFV acquisition plan when queried have developed or are in the process of developing plans. The DOE and its RSOs are still working with the states to develop and refine acquisition plans, and this report should be treated as documentation of work in progress.

Not Available

1993-05-01

413

[Aviation medicine laboratory of the North Fleet air base celebrates the 70th anniversary].  

PubMed

The article is dedicated to the history of formation and development of the oldest aviation medicine department and its role in a flight safety of the North Fleet naval aviation. The aviation medicine laboratory was created in the years of the Great Patriotic war for medical backup of flights, medical review board, delivering of combat casualty care, prophylaxis of hypothermia and exhaustion of flight and ground crew. In a post-war period the aviation medicine laboratory made a great contribution to development of medical backup of educational and combat activity of the North Fleet aviation. Participation in cosmonaut applicants selection (incl. Yu.A. Gagarin), optimization of flight services during the transmeridian flights, research of carrier-based aircraft habitability and body state of the contingent during the longstanding ship-based aviation, development of treatment methods for functional status of sea-based aviation crew are the achievements of aviation medicine laboratory. Nowadays medicine laboratory is performing a research and practice, methodic and consultative activity with the aim of improving the system of medical backup, aviation medicine, psychology, flight safety, improvement of air crew health, prolong of flying proficiency. PMID:24000629

Gavrilov, V V; Maza?kin, D N; Buldakov, I M; Pisarev, A A

2013-05-01

414

Improving Multibeam Data Quality Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC) is an NSF funded project with the goal of improving the quality of multibeam across the U.S. academic research fleet. There are many facets to the Committee's plan to reach this goal, one of which is to have a team of multibeam specialists visiting vessels in the fleet. During their ship visits, the MAC's Quality Assurance Team (QAT) deploys software tools, disseminates "best practice" documentation, assesses the state of the system as a whole and does everything they can to help ship operators better understand and operate their multibeam systems. A big part of these ship visits is simply outreach: we want to let the operators know that they have access to help if they need it. In addition to developing working relationships with the operating institutions, the MAC seeks to reach out to the end user: the scientific community that uses these facilities to further their research. By presenting the MAC and QAT concepts to the community, we hope to raise awareness of our efforts, introduce the software tools and best-practice documentation that we are deploying and also solicit feedback on what future directions the MAC should focus.

Johnson, P. D.; Beaudoin, J.; Ferrini, V.

2012-12-01

415

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore (SLBE) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

2014-11-01

416

Standard Compliance: Guidelines to Help State and Alternative Fuel Provider Fleets Meet Their Energy Policy Act Requirements, 10 CFR Part 490 (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This guidebook addresses the primary requirements of the Alternative Fuel Transportation Program to help state and alternative fuel provider fleets comply with the Energy Policy Act via the Standard Compliance option. It also addresses the topics that covered fleets ask about most frequently.

Not Available

2014-03-01

417

Standard Compliance: Guidelines to Help State and Alternative Fuel Provider Fleets Meet Their Energy Policy Act Requirements, 10 CFR Part 490 (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This guidebook addresses the primary requirements of the Alternative Fuel Transportation Program to help state and alternative fuel provider fleets comply with the Energy Policy Act via the Standard Compliance option. It also addresses the topics that covered fleets ask about most frequently.

Not Available

2012-04-01

418

U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Federal Fleet Use of Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Per Executive Order 13031, “Federal Alternative Fueled Vehicle Leadership,” the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity provided $998,300 in incremental funding to support the deployment of 220 electric vehicles in 36 Federal fleets. The 145 electric Ford Ranger pickups and 75 electric Chrysler EPIC (Electric Powered Interurban Commuter) minivans were operated in 14 states and the District of Columbia. The 220 vehicles were driven an estimated average of 700,000 miles annually. The annual estimated use of the 220 electric vehicles contributed to 39,000 fewer gallons of petroleum being used by Federal fleets and the reduction in emissions of 1,450 pounds of smog-forming pollution. Numerous attempts were made to obtain information from all 36 fleets. Information responses were received from 25 fleets (69% response rate), as some Federal fleet personnel that were originally involved with the Incremental Funding Project were transferred, retired, or simply could not be found. In addition, many of the Department of Defense fleets indicated that they were supporting operations in Iraq and unable to provide information for the foreseeable future. It should be noted that the opinions of the 25 fleets is based on operating 179 of the 220 electric vehicles (81% response rate). The data from the 25 fleets is summarized in this report. Twenty-two of the 25 fleets reported numerous problems with the vehicles, including mechanical, traction battery, and charging problems. Some of these problems, however, may have resulted from attempting to operate the vehicles beyond their capabilities. The majority of fleets reported that most of the vehicles were driven by numerous drivers each week, with most vehicles used for numerous trips per day. The vehicles were driven on average from 4 to 50 miles per day on a single charge. However, the majority of the fleets reported needing gasoline vehicles for missions beyond the capabilities of the electric vehicles, usually because of range limitations. Twelve fleets reported experiencing at least one charge depletion while driving, whereas nine fleets reported not having this problem. Twenty-four of the 25 fleets responded that the electric vehicles were easy to use and 22 fleets indicated that the payload was adequate. Thirteen fleets reported charging problems; eleven fleets reported no charging problems. Nine fleets reported the vehicles broke down while driving; 14 fleets reported no onroad breakdowns. Some of the breakdowns while driving, however, appear to include normal flat tires and idiot lights coming on. In spite of operation and charging problems, 59% of the fleets responded that they were satisfied, very satisfied, or extremely satisfied with the performance of the electric vehicles. As of September 2003, 74 of the electric vehicles were still being used and 107 had been returned to the manufacturers because the leases had concluded.

Mindy Kirpatrick; J. E. Francfort

2003-11-01

419

40 CFR 721.10436 - Amine neutralized phosphated polyesters (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Amine neutralized phosphated polyesters (generic). 721.10436 Section...10436 Amine neutralized phosphated polyesters (generic). (a) Chemical substance...generically as amine neutralized phosphated polyesters (PMN P-99-1217 and...

2014-07-01

420

40 CFR 721.10436 - Amine neutralized phosphated polyesters (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Amine neutralized phosphated polyesters (generic). 721.10436 Section...10436 Amine neutralized phosphated polyesters (generic). (a) Chemical substance...generically as amine neutralized phosphated polyesters (PMN P-99-1217 and...

2013-07-01

421

40 CFR 721.10302 - Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic). 721...Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10302 Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic). ...chemical substance identified generically as zinc ammonium phosphate (PMN...

2014-07-01

422

40 CFR 721.10302 - Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic). 721...Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10302 Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic). ...chemical substance identified generically as zinc ammonium phosphate (PMN...

2012-07-01

423

40 CFR 721.10302 - Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic). 721...Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10302 Zinc ammonium phosphate (generic). ...chemical substance identified generically as zinc ammonium phosphate (PMN...

2013-07-01

424

21 CFR 862.1720 - Triose phosphate isomerase test system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...intended to measure the activity of the enzyme triose phosphate isomerase in erythrocytes...cells). Triose phosphate isomerase is an enzyme important in glycolysis (the energy-yielding...congenital triose phosphate isomerase enzyme deficiency, which causes a type of...

2011-04-01

425

40 CFR 721.643 - Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt. 721.643 Section 721.643 Protection...Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt. (a) Chemical substance and significant...ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt (PMN P-96-1478) is subject to...

2010-07-01

426

40 CFR 721.643 - Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt. 721.643 Section 721.643 Protection...Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt. (a) Chemical substance and significant...ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt (PMN P-96-1478) is subject to...

2013-07-01

427

40 CFR 721.643 - Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt. 721.643 Section 721.643 Protection...Ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt. (a) Chemical substance and significant...ethoxylated alcohol, phosphated, amine salt (PMN P-96-1478) is subject to...

2011-07-01

428

40 CFR 721.5970 - Phosphated polyarylphenol ethoxylate, potassium salt.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Phosphated polyarylphenol ethoxylate, potassium salt. 721.5970 Section 721.5970 ...Phosphated polyarylphenol ethoxylate, potassium salt. (a) Chemical substance and significant...phosphated polyarylphenol ethoxylate, potassium salt (PMN P-93-1222) is subject to...

2011-07-01

429

21 CFR 182.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 182.6215 Section 182...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2014-04-01

430

21 CFR 582.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 582.6215 Section 582...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2014-04-01

431

21 CFR 182.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 182.6215 Section 182...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2013-04-01

432

21 CFR 182.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 182.6215 Section 182...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2012-04-01

433

21 CFR 582.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 582.6215 Section 582...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2013-04-01

434

21 CFR 182.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 182.6215 Section 182...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2011-04-01

435

21 CFR 582.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 582.6215 Section 582...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2011-04-01

436

21 CFR 582.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 582.6215 Section 582...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2012-04-01

437

21 CFR 862.1720 - Triose phosphate isomerase test system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...intended to measure the activity of the enzyme triose phosphate isomerase in erythrocytes...cells). Triose phosphate isomerase is an enzyme important in glycolysis (the energy-yielding...congenital triose phosphate isomerase enzyme deficiency, which causes a type of...

2012-04-01

438

21 CFR 862.1720 - Triose phosphate isomerase test system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...intended to measure the activity of the enzyme triose phosphate isomerase in erythrocytes...cells). Triose phosphate isomerase is an enzyme important in glycolysis (the energy-yielding...congenital triose phosphate isomerase enzyme deficiency, which causes a type of...

2013-04-01

439

21 CFR 862.1720 - Triose phosphate isomerase test system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...intended to measure the activity of the enzyme triose phosphate isomerase in erythrocytes...cells). Triose phosphate isomerase is an enzyme important in glycolysis (the energy-yielding...congenital triose phosphate isomerase enzyme deficiency, which causes a type of...

2014-04-01

440

Phosphate transport and arsenate resistance in the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis  

SciTech Connect

Cells of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis starved for phosphate for 3 days took up phosphate at about 100 times the rate of unstarved cells.Kinetic data suggested that a new transport system had been induced by starvation for phosphate. The inducible phosphate transport system was quickly repressed by addition of P/sub i/. Phosphate-starved cells were more sensitive to the toxic effects of arsenate than were unstarved cells, but phosphate could alleviate some of the toxicity. Arsenate was a noncompetitive inhibitor of phosphate transport; however, the apparent K/sub i/ values were high, particularly for phosphate-replete cells. Preincubation of phosphate-starved cells with arsenate caused subsequent inhibition of phosphate transport, suggesting that intracellular arsenate inhibited phosphate transport. This effect was not seen in phosphate-replete cells.

Thiel, T.

1988-03-01

441

21 CFR 522.1883 - Prednisolone sodium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prednisolone sodium phosphate. 522.1883 ...FORM NEW ANIMAL DRUGS § 522.1883 Prednisolone sodium phosphate. (a) Specifications...solution contains 20 milligrams (mg) prednisolone sodium phosphate (equivalent to...

2010-04-01

442

21 CFR 582.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 582.1781 Section 582...Purpose Food Additives § 582.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2010-04-01

443

21 CFR 582.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 582.1781 Section 582...Purpose Food Additives § 582.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2011-04-01

444

21 CFR 182.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 182.1781 Section 182...GRAS Food Substances § 182.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2013-04-01

445

21 CFR 582.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 582.1781 Section 582...Purpose Food Additives § 582.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2014-04-01

446

21 CFR 182.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 182.1781 Section 182...GRAS Food Substances § 182.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2014-04-01

447

21 CFR 182.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 182.1781 Section 182...GRAS Food Substances § 182.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2011-04-01

448

21 CFR 182.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 182.1781 Section 182...GRAS Food Substances § 182.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2012-04-01

449

21 CFR 582.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 582.1781 Section 582...Purpose Food Additives § 582.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2013-04-01

450

21 CFR 582.1781 - Sodium aluminum phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sodium aluminum phosphate. 582.1781 Section 582...Purpose Food Additives § 582.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2012-04-01

451

21 CFR 582.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Monobasic calcium phosphate. 582.6215 Section 582...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of...

2010-04-01

452

21 CFR 522.1883 - Prednisolone sodium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Prednisolone sodium phosphate. 522.1883 Section 522.1883... § 522.1883 Prednisolone sodium phosphate. (a) Specifications. Each milliliter...milligrams (mg) prednisolone sodium phosphate (equivalent to 14.88 mg of...

2011-04-01

453

40 CFR 721.10046 - Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). 721.10046 Section... § 721.10046 Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as polyaromatic amine phosphate (PMN P-02-747) is subject...

2011-07-01

454

40 CFR 721.5980 - Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds. 721.5980 Section 721...721.5980 Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds. (a) Chemical substance...generically as dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds (P-90-1642...

2011-07-01

455

21 CFR 582.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 582.6085 Section 582.6085 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2011-04-01

456

40 CFR 721.3080 - Substituted phosphate ester (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Substituted phosphate ester (generic). 721.3080 Section...Substances § 721.3080 Substituted phosphate ester (generic). (a) Chemical...identified generically as a substituted phosphate ester (PMN P-85-730) is...

2010-07-01

457

40 CFR 721.3080 - Substituted phosphate ester (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Substituted phosphate ester (generic). 721.3080 Section...Substances § 721.3080 Substituted phosphate ester (generic). (a) Chemical...identified generically as a substituted phosphate ester (PMN P-85-730) is...

2011-07-01

458

21 CFR 184.1141a - Ammonium phosphate, monobasic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Ammonium phosphate, monobasic. 184.1141a Section 184...Affirmed as GRAS § 184.1141a Ammonium phosphate, monobasic. (a) Ammonium phosphate, monobasic (NH4 H2 PO4 , CAS...

2011-04-01

459

21 CFR 582.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 582.6085 Section 582.6085 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2010-04-01

460

21 CFR 520.1804 - Piperazine phosphate capsules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Piperazine phosphate capsules. 520.1804 Section 520...ANIMAL DRUGS § 520.1804 Piperazine phosphate capsules. (a) Specifications...300, or 600 milligrams of piperazine phosphate monohydrate. (b) Sponsor....

2011-04-01

461

21 CFR 182.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 182.6085 Section 182.6085 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2011-04-01

462

21 CFR 182.6215 - Monobasic calcium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 true Monobasic calcium phosphate. 182.6215 Section 182.6215 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2010-04-01

463

40 CFR 721.10213 - Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic). 721.10213 Section...10213 Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...generically as polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (PMN P-09-253) is subject...

2011-07-01

464

40 CFR 721.10046 - Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). 721.10046 Section... § 721.10046 Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as polyaromatic amine phosphate (PMN P-02-747) is subject...

2010-07-01

465

21 CFR 182.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Sodium acid phosphate. 182.6085 Section 182.6085 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2010-04-01

466

21 CFR 520.1804 - Piperazine phosphate capsules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Piperazine phosphate capsules. 520.1804 Section 520...ANIMAL DRUGS § 520.1804 Piperazine phosphate capsules. (a) Specifications...300, or 600 milligrams of piperazine phosphate monohydrate. (b) Sponsor....

2010-04-01

467

40 CFR 721.10357 - Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes. 721.10357...Substances § 721.10357 Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes. (a) Chemical...substance identified as iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes (PMN...

2013-07-01

468

40 CFR 721.10213 - Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic). 721.10213 Section...10213 Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...generically as polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (PMN P-09-253) is subject...

2013-07-01

469

21 CFR 182.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 182.6085 Section 182.6085 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2014-04-01

470

40 CFR 721.10332 - Lithium metal phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Lithium metal phosphate (generic). 721.10332 Section...Substances § 721.10332 Lithium metal phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as lithium metal phosphate (PMN P-03-824) is subject...

2014-07-01

471

21 CFR 582.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 582.6085 Section 582.6085 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2012-04-01

472

21 CFR 522.1883 - Prednisolone sodium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Prednisolone sodium phosphate. 522.1883 Section 522.1883... § 522.1883 Prednisolone sodium phosphate. (a) Specifications. Each milliliter...milligrams (mg) prednisolone sodium phosphate (equivalent to 14.88 mg of...

2014-04-01

473

40 CFR 721.10046 - Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). 721.10046 Section... § 721.10046 Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as polyaromatic amine phosphate (PMN P-02-747) is subject...

2012-07-01

474

Surface complex structures modelled with quantum chemical calculations: carbonate, phosphate,  

E-print Network

Surface complex structures modelled with quantum chemical calculations: carbonate, phosphate to provide good agree- ment with experimental observations for the oxyanions carbonate, phosphate, sulphate, the interaction of species such as carbon- ate, phosphate, sulphate, arsenate and arsenite with metal oxide

Sparks, Donald L.

475

40 CFR 721.10332 - Lithium metal phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Lithium metal phosphate (generic). 721.10332 Section...Substances § 721.10332 Lithium metal phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as lithium metal phosphate (PMN P-03-824) is subject...

2013-07-01

476

40 CFR 721.5980 - Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds. 721.5980 Section 721...721.5980 Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds. (a) Chemical substance...generically as dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds (P-90-1642...

2014-07-01

477

40 CFR 721.10317 - Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic). 721.10317...Chemical Substances § 721.10317 Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic). (a) Chemical...substance identified generically as alkyl phosphate derivative (PMN P-02-1040)...

2013-07-01

478

21 CFR 582.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 582.6085 Section 582.6085 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2013-04-01

479

40 CFR 721.10357 - Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes. 721.10357...Substances § 721.10357 Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes. (a) Chemical...substance identified as iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes (PMN...

2012-07-01

480

40 CFR 721.3080 - Substituted phosphate ester (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Substituted phosphate ester (generic). 721.3080 Section...Substances § 721.3080 Substituted phosphate ester (generic). (a) Chemical...identified generically as a substituted phosphate ester (PMN P-85-730) is...

2013-07-01

481

40 CFR 721.10213 - Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic). 721.10213 Section...10213 Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...generically as polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (PMN P-09-253) is subject...

2014-07-01

482

40 CFR 721.10046 - Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). 721.10046 Section... § 721.10046 Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as polyaromatic amine phosphate (PMN P-02-747) is subject...

2013-07-01

483

21 CFR 520.1804 - Piperazine phosphate capsules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Piperazine phosphate capsules. 520.1804 Section 520...ANIMAL DRUGS § 520.1804 Piperazine phosphate capsules. (a) Specifications...300, or 600 milligrams of piperazine phosphate monohydrate. (b) Sponsor....

2013-04-01

484

40 CFR 721.10046 - Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). 721.10046 Section... § 721.10046 Polyaromatic amine phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as polyaromatic amine phosphate (PMN P-02-747) is subject...

2014-07-01

485

40 CFR 721.10213 - Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic). 721.10213 Section...10213 Polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...generically as polyether polyester copolymer phosphate (PMN P-09-253) is subject...

2012-07-01

486

21 CFR 522.1883 - Prednisolone sodium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Prednisolone sodium phosphate. 522.1883 Section 522.1883... § 522.1883 Prednisolone sodium phosphate. (a) Specifications. Each milliliter...milligrams (mg) prednisolone sodium phosphate (equivalent to 14.88 mg of...

2013-04-01

487

40 CFR 721.5980 - Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds. 721.5980 Section 721...721.5980 Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds. (a) Chemical substance...generically as dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds (P-90-1642...

2013-07-01

488

21 CFR 520.1804 - Piperazine phosphate capsules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Piperazine phosphate capsules. 520.1804 Section 520...ANIMAL DRUGS § 520.1804 Piperazine phosphate capsules. (a) Specifications...300, or 600 milligrams of piperazine phosphate monohydrate. (b) Sponsor....

2012-04-01

489

21 CFR 520.1804 - Piperazine phosphate capsules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Piperazine phosphate capsules. 520.1804 Section 520...ANIMAL DRUGS § 520.1804 Piperazine phosphate capsules. (a) Specifications...300, or 600 milligrams of piperazine phosphate monohydrate. (b) Sponsor....

2014-04-01

490

21 CFR 182.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 182.6085 Section 182.6085 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2013-04-01

491

40 CFR 721.10317 - Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic). 721.10317...Chemical Substances § 721.10317 Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic). (a) Chemical...substance identified generically as alkyl phosphate derivative (PMN P-02-1040)...

2014-07-01

492

21 CFR 582.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 582.6085 Section 582.6085 Food...Sequestrants 2 § 582.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2014-04-01

493

40 CFR 721.3080 - Substituted phosphate ester (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Substituted phosphate ester (generic). 721.3080 Section...Substances § 721.3080 Substituted phosphate ester (generic). (a) Chemical...identified generically as a substituted phosphate ester (PMN P-85-730) is...

2012-07-01

494

21 CFR 522.1883 - Prednisolone sodium phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Prednisolone sodium phosphate. 522.1883 Section 522.1883... § 522.1883 Prednisolone sodium phosphate. (a) Specifications. Each milliliter...milligrams (mg) prednisolone sodium phosphate (equivalent to 14.88 mg of...

2012-04-01

495

40 CFR 721.10357 - Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes. 721.10357...Substances § 721.10357 Iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes. (a) Chemical...substance identified as iron, citrate phosphate potassium complexes (PMN...

2014-07-01

496

40 CFR 721.10332 - Lithium metal phosphate (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Lithium metal phosphate (generic). 721.10332 Section...Substances § 721.10332 Lithium metal phosphate (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as lithium metal phosphate (PMN P-03-824) is subject...

2012-07-01

497

40 CFR 721.5980 - Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds. 721.5980 Section 721...721.5980 Dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds. (a) Chemical substance...generically as dialkyl phosphorodithioate phosphate compounds (P-90-1642...

2012-07-01

498

40 CFR 721.3080 - Substituted phosphate ester (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false Substituted phosphate ester (generic). 721.3080 Section...Substances § 721.3080 Substituted phosphate ester (generic). (a) Chemical...identified generically as a substituted phosphate ester (PMN P-85-730) is...

2014-07-01

499

21 CFR 182.6085 - Sodium acid phosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sodium acid phosphate. 182.6085 Section 182.6085 Food...Sequestrants 1 § 182.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This...

2012-04-01

500

40 CFR 721.10317 - Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic). 721.10317 Section...Substances § 721.10317 Alkyl phosphate derivative (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as alkyl phosphate derivative (PMN P-02-1040) is subject...

2012-07-01