Sample records for follow-up site visits

  1. Scheduled Follow-up After a Pediatric Emergency Department Visit for Asthma: A Randomized Trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph J. Zorc; Richard J. Scarfone; Yuelin Li; Travis Hong; Melina Harmelin; Lev Grunstein; Jalal B. Andre

    Objectives. Follow-up with a primary care provider (PCP) is recommended after an emergency department (ED) visit for asthma to assess clinical status and develop a management plan to improve future care. However, previous ED-based studies of urban children with asthma have reported low follow-up rates. The ob- jective of this study was to determine whether schedul- ing an appointment at

  2. Replacing Ambulatory Surgical Follow-Up Visits With Mobile App Home Monitoring: Modeling Cost-Effective Scenarios

    PubMed Central

    Semple, John L; Coyte, Peter C

    2014-01-01

    Background Women’s College Hospital (WCH) offers specialized surgical procedures, including ambulatory breast reconstruction in post-mastectomy breast cancer patients. Most patients receiving ambulatory surgery have low rates of postoperative events necessitating clinic visits. Increasingly, mobile monitoring and follow-up care is used to overcome the distance patients must travel to receive specialized care at a reduced cost to society. WCH has completed a feasibility study using a mobile app (QoC Health Inc, Toronto) that suggests high patient satisfaction and adequate detection of postoperative complications. Objective The proposed cost-effectiveness study models the replacement of conventional, in-person postoperative follow-up care with mobile app follow-up care following ambulatory breast reconstruction in post-mastectomy breast cancer patients. Methods This is a societal perspective cost-effectiveness analysis, wherein all costs are assessed irrespective of the payer. The patient/caregiver, health care system, and externally borne costs are calculated within the first postoperative month based on cost information provided by WCH and QoC Health Inc. The effectiveness of telemedicine and conventional follow-up care is measured as successful surgical outcomes at 30-days postoperative, and is modeled based on previous clinical trials containing similar patient populations and surgical risks. Results This costing assumes that 1000 patients are enrolled in bring-your-own-device (BYOD) mobile app follow-up per year and that 1.64 in-person follow-ups are attended in the conventional arm within the first month postoperatively. The total cost difference between mobile app and in-person follow-up care is $245 CAD ($223 USD based on the current exchange rate), with in-person follow-up being more expensive ($381 CAD) than mobile app follow-up care ($136 CAD). This takes into account the total of health care system, patient, and external borne costs. If we examine health care system costs alone, in-person follow-up is $38 CAD ($35 USD) more expensive than mobile app follow-up care over the first postoperative month. The baseline difference in effect is modeled to be zero based on clinical trials examining the effectiveness of telephone follow-up care in similar patient populations. An incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) is not reportable in this scenario. An incremental net benefit (INB) is reportable, and reflects merely the cost difference between the two interventions for any willingness-to-pay value (INB=$245 CAD). The cost-effectiveness of mobile app follow-up even holds in scenarios where all mobile patients attend one in-person follow-up. Conclusions Mobile app follow-up care is suitably targeted to low-risk postoperative ambulatory patients. It can be cost-effective from a societal and health care system perspective. PMID:25245774

  3. Standardized follow-up program may reduce emergency room and urgent care visits for patients undergoing radical prostatectomy

    PubMed Central

    Flannigan, Ryan Kendrick; Gotto, Geoffrey T.; Donnelly, Bryan; Carlson, Kevin V.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The objective of the current study was to determine the impact of a standardized follow-up program on the morbidity and rates of hospital visits following radical prostatectomy (RP) in a tertiary, non-teaching urologic centre. Methods: Patients who underwent a RP in 2008 were retrospectively evaluated in this study. Postoperative morbidity for the entire cohort was assessed using the Modified Clavien Scale (MCS). Those patients readmitted to hospital or who visited an urban or rural emergency department (ED) within 90 days of surgery were further evaluated to determine the reason for readmission. Results: At our centre, 321 patients underwent RP in 2008 by 11 surgeons. Of the 321 patients, 77 (24.0%) visited an ED within 90 days, and 14 were readmitted to hospital, with an additional patient readmitted directly (with a total 15 readmissions, 4.7% overall). No patients died within the study period. In 2009 we launched a pilot study wherein 115 RP patients received scheduled and on-demand follow-up care by a dedicated nurse between May and November. We found that 90-day readmission rates among this cohort dropped to 5% and 2.6% for ED visits and hospital readmission, respectively. Conclusions: At our tertiary non-teaching centre, a significant number of patients presented back to hospital within 90 days following RP. Most of these patients (80.8%) were managed entirely through an outpatient ED, and many visits were for routine postoperative care. Only 18.2% (4.7% of the 321 prostatectomy patients) were readmitted to hospital. These data point to a need for enhanced postoperative support of patients to reduce costly and often unnecessary visits to acute care EDs. This conclusion is supported by our early experience. Limitations include retrospective design, and variability in practice of surgeons in this study. PMID:25132899

  4. Predictors of non-adherence to follow-up visits and deferasirox chelation therapy among jordanian adolescents with Thalassemia major.

    PubMed

    Al-Kloub, Manal Ibrahim; A Bed, Mona A; Al Khawaldeh, Omar A; Al Tawarah, Yasin M; Froelicher, Erika Sivarajan

    2014-10-01

    Poor adherence to treatment can have negative effects on outcomes and heath care cost. However, little is known about the factors that impact adherence to deferasirox chelation therapy. The aims of this study were to identify rates and predictors of non-adherence to medical regimen among thalassemia major adolescents on deferasirox oral chelation therapy by using subjective (self-reporting) and objective (serum ferritin and follow-up visits) measures. Convenient samples of 164 adolescents, aged 12-19 years were recruited from three National Thalassemia Centers in Jordan. Patients were interviewed using a four-section questionnaire and the medical records were checked. Results indicated that rate of adherence according to self-report was (73%); while to follow-up medical appointments and serum ferritin level rates was 57% and 47%, respectively. One-third of participant adolescents (n = 52) were psychologically impaired. Multivariate analysis showed that factors affecting adolescent non-adherence to deferasirox chelation therapy is different from that affecting adherence to follow-up visits. In general, adolescents more than 16 years old, presence of sibling with thalassemia, lack of parental monitoring, lower family income, decrease frequency of blood transfusion, and psychological impairment were found significant predictors of non-adherence among adolescents. Disease knowledge was not associated with adherence status of the adolescents. Clinician should be aware of high prevalence of low adherence to chelation therapy during adolescent years. Nurses need to regularly assess, monitor, and promote adherence behavior that might impact patients' outcomes. PMID:25116329

  5. Utilization of Communication Technologies to Facilitate Follow-up to On-site Professional Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheryl White Sundberg

    The primary research objective of the hypotheses-generating study focused on the viability of the communication technologies (Internet, e-mail, phone, and fax) as effective media for professional development. The central research question was: What impact does communication technology have on the facilitation of follow-up sessions to traditional on-site professional development? First, the study explored the facilitation of follow-up professional development for

  6. Cohort Profile update: The 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort follow-up visits in adolescence

    PubMed Central

    Gonçalves, Helen; Assunção, Maria CF; Wehrmeister, Fernando C; Oliveira, Isabel O; Barros, Fernando C; Victora, Cesar G; Hallal, Pedro C; Menezes, Ana MB

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we update the profile of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study, with emphasis on a shift of priority from maternal and child health research topics to four main categories of outcome variables, collected throughout adolescence: (i) mental health; (ii) body composition; (iii) risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs); (iv) human capital. We were able to trace 81.3% (n = 4106) of the original cohort at 18 years of age. For the first time, the 18-years visit took place entirely on the university premises, in a clinic equipped with state-of-the-art equipment for the assessment of body composition. We welcome requests for data analyses from outside scientists. For more information, refer to our website (http://www.epidemio-ufpel.org.projetos_de_pesquisas/estudos/coorte_1993) or e-mail the corresponding author. PMID:24729426

  7. Group medical visits in the follow-up of women with a BRCA mutation: design of a randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background BRCA mutation carriers have a 40-80% life-time risk of developing breast cancer. They may opt for yearly breast cancer surveillance or for prophylactic mastectomy. Both options show increased survival rates. It is a complex choice to be made between these two options. As a result most women experience high levels of distress and high needs for information. To fulfill the needs for psychosocial support and information we have introduced group medical consultations (GMCs). A GMC provides individual medical visits conducted within a group. This 90 minute group-visit with 8-12 patients gives patients the opportunity to spend more time with their clinician and a behavioral health professional and learn from other patients experiencing similar topics. However, it should be noted that group sessions may increase fear in some patients or influence their decision making. Methods/design In this randomized controlled trial, 160 BRCA mutation carriers diagnosed maximally 2 years ago are recruited from the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre. Participants are randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either the GMC intervention group (onetime participation in a GMC instead of a standard individual visit) or to a usual care control group. Primary outcome measures are empowerment and psychological distress (SCL 90). Secondary outcome measures are fear of cancer, information needs before the consultation and the received information, self-examination of the breasts, patient satisfaction, quality of life and cost-effectiveness. Data are collected via self-reported questionnaires 1 week before the visit, and at 1 week and at 3 months follow-up. A pilot study was conducted to test all procedures and questionnaires. Discussion The possibility for interaction with other BRCA mutation carriers within a medical visit is unique. This study will assess the effectiveness of GMCs for BRCA mutation carriers to improve empowerment and decrease distress compared to individual visits. If GMCs prove to be effective and efficient, implementation of GMCs in regular care for BRCA mutation carriers will be recommended. Trial registration The study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01329068) PMID:21864353

  8. Follow up policy after treatment for Hodgkin's disease: too many clinic visits and routine tests? A review of hospital records.

    PubMed Central

    Radford, J. A.; Eardley, A.; Woodman, C.; Crowther, D.

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of routine clinic review in detecting relapse after treatment for Hodgkin's disease. DESIGN: Review of hospital records. SETTING: Regional centre for cancer treatment and research. SUBJECTS: 210 patients with Hodgkin's disease recruited to a chemotherapy trial protocol between 1984 and the end of 1990 who had achieved a complete or partial remission after treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The number of clinic visits made by patients over the period of observation, the number of relapses occurring during that time, and the route by which relapse was detected. RESULTS: The 210 patients generated 2512 outpatient reviews, and 37 relapses were detected. Thirty relapses (81%) were diagnosed in patients who described symptoms, which in 15 cases had resulted in an earlier appointment being arranged. In only four cases (11%; 95% confidence interval 4% to 25%) was relapse detected as a result of routine physical examination on investigation of a patient who did not have symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Relapse of Hodgkin's disease after treatment is usually detected as a result of the investigation of symptoms rather than by routine screening of asymptomatic patients. It is therefore proposed that the frequency of routine follow up visits should be reduced and greater emphasis placed on patient education. This should underline the importance of symptoms and encourage patients to arrange an earlier appointment if these develop. PMID:9040326

  9. A follow-up study of the community near the McColl waste disposal site.

    PubMed Central

    Lipscomb, J A; Goldman, L R; Satin, K P; Smith, D F; Vance, W A; Neutra, R R

    1991-01-01

    To assess the effect of interim clean-up measures on the current health of a community, we conducted a follow-up survey of 193 residents living near the McColl waste disposal site and a comparison area located approximately 5 miles from the site. Results from this survey were compared with results from a similar survey conducted 7 years earlier. Odors were detected at least once per week by 32.7% of "high-exposed" respondents in 1988 compared with 68.5% in 1981, but prevalence odds ratios (PORs) comparing symptom reporting between "high-exposed" and comparison-area respondents were greater than that of the 1981 survey for 89% of symptoms. PORs comparing symptom reporting between these two areas were greater than 2.0 for 64% of symptoms assessed in the current survey. Symptoms reported in excess did not represent a single organ system or suggest a mechanism of response. PORs comparing respondents who were very worried about the environment and those reporting no worry were greater than 2.0 for 86% of symptoms. These finding, along with environmental data from the area, suggest that living near the waste disposal site and being very worried about the environment, rather than a toxicologic effect of chemical from the site, explain excess symptom reporting found in this follow-up study. PMID:1954927

  10. Telephone Follow-Up by a Midlevel Provider After Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair Instead of Face-to-Face Clinic Visit

    PubMed Central

    Hwa, Kimberly; Wren, Sherry M.

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The need for more cost- and time-efficient provision of medical care has prompted an interest in remote or telehealth approaches to delivery of health care. We present a study examining the feasibility and outcomes of implementation of a telephone follow-up program for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Methods: This is a retrospective review of consecutive patients who prospectively agreed to undergo telephone follow-up after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair instead of standard face-to-face clinic visits. Patients received a telephone call from a dedicated physician assistant 2 to 3 weeks after surgery and answered a predetermined questionnaire. A face-to-face clinic visit was scheduled based on the results of the call or on patient request. Results: Of 62 patients who underwent surgery, all agreed to telephone follow-up instead of face-to-face clinic visits. Their mean round-trip distance to the hospital was 122 miles. Fifty-five patients (88.7%) successfully completed planned telephone follow-up. Three patients (4.8%) were lost to follow-up, and 4 (6.5%) were erroneously scheduled for a clinic appointment. Of the 55 patients who were reached by telephone, 50 (90.9%) were satisfied and declined an in-person clinic visit. Five patients (9.1%) returned for a clinic appointment based on concerns raised during the telephone call. Of these, 1 was found to have an early hernia recurrence and 1 had a seroma. Conclusion: Telephone follow-up by a midlevel provider after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is feasible and effective and is well received by patients.

  11. A nurse-driven outpatient clinic for thiopurine-treated inflammatory bowel disease patients reduces physician visits and increases follow-up efficiency.

    PubMed

    López, María; Dosal, Angelina; Villoria, Albert; Moreno, Laura; Calvet, Xavier

    2015-01-01

    Patients on thiopurine therapy need frequent monitoring to prevent drug adverse events. To describe the structure and main results of a nurse-driven outpatient clinic (NDOC) program for the follow-up of patients receiving treatment with thiopurine immunosuppressants, we retrospectively reviewed patients' clinical charts on thiopurine drugs, azathioprine (AZA), and 6-mercaptopurine. We evaluated the efficacy of the NDOC by comparing the number of physician visits and the adequacy of laboratory controls for each patient before and after inclusion in the program. From January 2006 to December 2008, 179 patients were included. Of these, 102 had received thiopurines for at least 1 year before the start of the NDOC. Mean age was 42 ± 15 years; 83 were female. In all, 137 of the 179 patients (76%) had Crohn disease. AZA was the most frequent drug used (97%). Mean time of follow-up was 2.03 ± 0.9 years. Implementation of this program decreased the number of physician visits per year-from 4.6 ± 1.9 to 2.4 ± 1.3 (p < .001)-and the number of periods longer than 4 months without laboratory control (from 68% to 45%; p = .01). Leucopenia episodes and complications did not differ significantly before and after the start of the NDOC. Nurse-driven follow-up of these patients reduces physician visits while improving tightness of the follow-up. PMID:25831249

  12. A Five-Year Follow-Up: Teachers' Perceptions of the Benefits of Home Visits for Early Elementary Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, James A.; Mann, Mary Beth; Becker, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to replicate previous research about teachers' perceived benefits of home visits to determine if they remained stable. Furthermore, the investigation sought to find out whether home visits impacted variables often associated with improved school success (i.e., school attendance, academic performance, parent…

  13. Home visiting intervention for vulnerable families with newborns: follow-up results of a randomized controlled trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JENNIFER A. FRASER; KENNETH L. ARMSTRONG; JEANETTE P. MORRIS; MARK R. DADDS

    2000-01-01

    Objective: This study aimed to: (1) Assess the community utility of a screening tool to identify families with child abuse or neglect risk factors in the immediate postnatal period (2) Determine the social validity and effectiveness of a home visiting program using community child health nurses and offering social work services for identified families, and (3) Identify factors in the

  14. The CACREP Site Visit Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Courtland C.

    2013-01-01

    An important step in the CACREP review process is the campus site visit. The visit involves a team, usually from comparable institutions, coming to a campus for a review of the counselor training program(s). The role of the team is to be the CACREP Board's representative on campus to verify the self-study. In this article, the author reviews…

  15. Telecommunications Power Plant Damage Assessment Caused by Hurricane Katrina - Site Survey and Follow-Up Results

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexis Kwasinski; Wayne W. Weaver; Patrick L. Chapman; Philip T. Krein

    2006-01-01

    This paper extends knowledge of disaster impact on the telecommunications power infrastructure. It presents results both from an on-site survey conducted in October 2005 in the area affected by Hurricane Katrina and from industry and government sources. The analysis includes observations about power infrastructure damage to wire-line networks, wireless networks, transmission links, cable TV grids, and TV and radio facilities

  16. 2011 Mound Site Groundwater Plume Rebound Exercise and Follow-Up - 13440

    SciTech Connect

    Hooten, Gwendolyn [Mound Site Manager, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Harrison, Ohio (United States)] [Mound Site Manager, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Harrison, Ohio (United States); Cato, Rebecca; Lupton, Greg [S.M. Stoller Company, contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)] [S.M. Stoller Company, contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)

    2013-07-01

    The Mound Site facility near Miamisburg, Ohio, opened in 1948 to support early atomic weapons programs. It grew into a research, development, and production facility performing work in support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) weapons and energy programs. The plant was in operation until 1995. During the course of operation, an onsite landfill was created. The landfill was located over a finger of a buried valley aquifer, which is a sole drinking water source for much of the Miami Valley. In the 1980's, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were discovered in groundwater at the Mound site. The site was placed on the National Priorities List on November 21, 1989. DOE signed a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) Federal Facility Agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. The agreement became effective in October 1990. The area that included the landfill was designated Operational Unit 1 (OU-1). In 1995, a Record of Decision was signed that called for the installation and operation of a pump and treatment (P and T) system in order to prevent the VOCs in OU-1 groundwater from being captured by the onsite water production wells. In addition to the P and T system, a soil vapor extraction (SVE) system was installed in 1997 to accelerate removal of VOCs from groundwater in the OU-1 area. The SVE system was successful in removing large amounts of VOCs and continued to operate until 2007, when the amount of VOCs removed became minimal. A rebound study was started in February 2003 to determine how the groundwater system and contaminants would respond to shutting down the P and T system. The rebound test was stopped in February 2004 because predetermined VOC threshold concentrations were exceeded down-gradient of the landfill. The P and T and SVE systems were restarted after the termination of the rebound test. In 2006, the remediation of the Mound site was completed and the site was declared to be protective of human health and the environment, as long as the institutional controls are observed. The institutional controls that apply to the OU-1 area include provisions that no soil be allowed to leave the site, no wells be installed for drinking water, and the site may be approved only for industrial use. The onsite landfill with the operating CERCLA remedy remained. However, the Mound Development Corporation lobbied Congress for funds to remediate the remaining onsite landfill to allow for property reuse. In 2007 DOE received funding from Congress to perform non-CERCLA removal actions at OU-1 to excavate the site sanitary landfill. In 2009, DOE received American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding to complete the project. Excavation of the landfill occurred intermittently from 2006 through 2010 and the majority of the VOC source was removed; however, VOC levels near the P and T system remained greater than the EPA maximum contaminant levels (MCLs). Presently, groundwater is contained using two extraction wells to create a hydraulic barrier to prevent down-gradient migration of VOC-impacted groundwater. Since the primary contamination source has been removed, the feasibility of moving away from containment to a more passive remedy, namely monitored natural attenuation (MNA), is being considered. A second rebound study was started in June 2011. If contaminant and groundwater behavior met specific conditions during the study, MNA would be evaluated and considered as a viable alternative for the groundwater in the OU-1 area. From June through December 2011, the second rebound study evaluated the changes in VOC concentrations in groundwater when the P and T system was not in operation. As the study progressed, elevated concentrations of VOCs that exceeded predetermined trigger values were measured along the down-gradient boundary of the study area, and so the P and T system was restarted. It was determined that a discrete area with VOC concentrations greater than the MCLs was present in groundwater down-gradient of the extracti

  17. Effects of Site Visits on Innovation Adoption.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleischer, Mitchell

    An attempt to increase adoption of the Community Lodge program through the use of a site visit was investigated. The sample of 24 state mental hospitals agreed to have a workshop about the Lodge. At the conclusion of the workshop, 12 of the hospitals were told they would have the opportunity to send one staff member on an expense-paid site visit,…

  18. Grande Ronde Habitat Site Visits

    E-print Network

    Palensky (503-432-6477) Tuesday, April 23rd : Travel: Depart downtown or PDX Portland at 1:00 p.m. for La Visits: (7:00 a.m. start) GRMW will order and deliver lunches (bring cash) Overnight in Pendleton - Red (CTUIR) 10:50 BREAK 11:00 1988-022-00 Walla Walla River Passage operations and O&M - joint presentation

  19. 76 FR 4919 - Regulatory Site Visit Training Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-27

    ...Regulatory Site Visit Training Program...Evaluation and Research (CBER) is announcing...Regulatory Site Visit Training Program...visit biologics facilities. These visits...your biologics facility is interested in offering a site visit, submit either...Evaluation and Research...

  20. 75 FR 6404 - Regulatory Site Visit Training Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ...Regulatory Site Visit Training Program...Evaluation and Research (CBER) is announcing...Regulatory Site Visit Training Program...visit biologics facilities. These visits...your biologics facility is interested in offering a site visit, you should...Evaluation and Research...

  1. 76 FR 76168 - Regulatory Site Visit Training Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ...Regulatory Site Visit Training Program...Evaluation and Research (CBER) is announcing...Regulatory Site Visit Training Program...visit biologics facilities. These visits...your biologics facility is interested in offering a site visit, submit either...Evaluation and Research...

  2. Long-term Effects of Nurse Home Visitation on Children's Criminal and Antisocial Behavior 15Year Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Olds; Charles R. Henderson; Robert Cole; John Eckenrode; Harriet Kitzman; Dennis Luckey; Lisa Pettitt; Kimberly Sidora; Pamela Morris; Jane Powers

    1998-01-01

    Context.— A program of home visitation by nurses has been shown to affect the rates of maternal welfare dependence, criminality, problems due to use of substances, and child abuse and neglect. However, the long-term effects of this program on children's antisocial behavior have not been examined. Objective.— To examine the long-term effects of a program of prenatal and early childhood

  3. Effects of Home Visits by Paraprofessionals and by Nurses on Children: Age-Six and Nine Follow-Up of a Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Olds, David L.; Holmberg, John R.; Donelan-McCall, Nancy; Luckey, Dennis W.; Knudtson, Michael D.; Robinson, JoAnn

    2014-01-01

    Objective To examine the impact of prenatal and infancy/toddler home visiting by paraprofessionals and by nurses on child development at child ages 6 and 9. Design Randomized controlled trial. Setting Public and private care settings in Denver, Colorado. Participants 735 low-income women and their first-born children; 85% of the mothers were unmarried, 47% Hispanic, 35% non-Hispanic white, 15% African-American, and 3% American Indian/Asian. Interventions Home visits provided from pregnancy through child age 2 delivered in one group by paraprofessionals and in the other by nurses. Primary Outcomes Reports of children's internalizing, externalizing, and total emotional/behavioral problems; tests of children's language, intelligence, attention, attention dysfunction, visual attention/task shifting, working memory, and academic achievement. We hypothesized that program effects on cognitive related outcomes would be more pronounced among children born to mothers with low psychological resources. We report paraprofessional-control and nurse-control differences with p-values <.10 given similar effects in a previous trial, earlier impacts in this trial, and limited statistical power. Results There were no significant paraprofessional effects on emotional/behavioral problems, but paraprofessional-visited children born to mothers with low psychological resources, compared to control group counterparts, exhibited fewer errors in visual attention/task switching at age 9 (ES=?0.30, p=.078). There were no statistically significant paraprofessional effects on other primary outcomes. Nurse-visited children were less likely to be classified as having total emotional/behavioral problems at age 6 (RR=0.45, p=.082), internalizing problems at age 9 (RR=0.44, p =.078), and dysfunctional attention at age 9 (RR=0.34, p=.070). Nurse-visited children born to low-resource mothers, compared to control-group counterparts, had better receptive language averaged over ages 2, 4, and 6 (ES = 0.30, p=.014), and sustained attention averaged over ages 4, 6, and 9 (ES = 0.36, p =.006). There were no significant nurse effects on externalizing problems, intellectual functioning, and academic achievement. Conclusions Children born to low-resource mothers visited by paraprofessionals exhibited improvement in visual attention/task switching. Nurse-visited children showed improved behavioral functioning, and those born to low-resource mothers benefited in language and attention, but did not improve in intellectual functioning and academic achievement. PMID:24296904

  4. NCI at Frederick: Site Visit Support

    Cancer.gov

    Few events are of greater significance to the science of Frederick National Laboratory than site visits and laboratory reviews. Presentations are not only about science; they’re also about “selling” the value of the laboratory or program itself. The expectations of reviewers are higher than ever; high quality presentation materials are essential.

  5. Follow-Up Testing

    Cancer.gov

    Provides possible follow-up testing, next steps and treatments for women who receive abnormal cervical screening test results, including estrogen cream, colposcopy, endocervical curettage biopsy, punch biopsy, and cone biopsy.

  6. DARPA Site Visit #2 Princeton University's Prospect 11

    E-print Network

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    DARPA Site Visit #2 Princeton University's Prospect 11 Tuesday, August 16, 2005 · Start: Lat: 40 is proportional to instantaneous speed. #12;1st required run on Prescribed Course (2 obstacles) DARPA Site Visit required run on Prescribed Course (2 obstacles) DARPA Site Visit #2 Princeton University's Prospect 11

  7. 19 CFR 10.553 - Textile and apparel site visits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Textile and apparel site visits. 10.553...Verifications and Determinations § 10.553 Textile and apparel site visits. (a) Visits...The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), exclude from...

  8. 19 CFR 10.553 - Textile and apparel site visits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Textile and apparel site visits. 10.553...Verifications and Determinations § 10.553 Textile and apparel site visits. (a) Visits...The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), exclude from...

  9. 19 CFR 10.553 - Textile and apparel site visits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Textile and apparel site visits. 10.553...Verifications and Determinations § 10.553 Textile and apparel site visits. (a) Visits...The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), exclude from...

  10. 19 CFR 10.553 - Textile and apparel site visits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Textile and apparel site visits. 10.553...Verifications and Determinations § 10.553 Textile and apparel site visits. (a) Visits...The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), exclude from...

  11. Prescribed Fire: The Influence of Site Visits on Citizen Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toman, Eric; Shindler, Bruce; Reed, Michelle

    2004-01-01

    This research employed a panel design to measure the effect of site visits on public perceptions of prescribed fire. On-site survey questions were devised to compare answers to a mail questionnaire previously completed by the same respondents. Questions were designed to examine how site visits influence public opinion and affect acceptance of…

  12. Walla Walla, Umatilla and Tucannon Habitat Site Visits

    E-print Network

    : Site visits: projects sites (Tucannon - Walla Walla) 7:30 a.m. start Overnight in Pendleton @ Red lion Wednesday April 24th Site Visits: (7:00 a.m. start) (Umatilla) Overnight in Pendleton @ Red Lion Thursday of presentations. Staff return late Friday, April 26th ISRP (only)meeting @ Red Lion #12;Projects included

  13. Aesthetical reconstruction of an anterior tooth in an alveolar cleft site:A case report and 3-year follow-up findings.

    PubMed

    Nakata, Hidemi; Kuroda, Shinji; Tachikawa, Noriko; Nagayama, Tomoko; Kasugai, Shohei

    2014-04-28

    Abstract An alveolar cleft often displays the furrowed shape of the buccal site because of the lack of alveolar bone and gingival contracts. A 35-year-old woman presented with a repaired cleft lip and a non-grafted alveolar cleft associated with a missing lateral incisor on the left side of the maxilla. The central incisor had been an abutment tooth of a bridge for 15 years; however, it fractured and was extracted. Orthodontic treatment was antecedent to implant reconstruction because the edentulous space was not adequate for a single tooth replacement. As the palate was closed by the mucosa, bone grafting was not performed at the cleft site beforehand. Dental implant placement was performed within the narrowed, beamlike bone, and hydroxyapatite particles were used to augment the ridge. A relaxing incision and expansion of the invaginated mucosa improved the buccal shape of the gum. The usage of a narrow-type implant and bone substitutes facilitated the minimization of surgical stress, even though she did not undergo autologous bone-grafting surgery. Additionally, the aesthetical reconstruction of the anterior region significantly improved her quality of life at the 3-year follow-up. PMID:24773149

  14. Designing a Marketing Course with Field Site Visits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Doren, Doris; Corrigan, Hope Bober

    2008-01-01

    A key goal of including field site visits in marketing courses is to give business students increased interaction with industry professionals and community leaders. Site visits give students a concrete idea of how different marketing disciplines work in the business world. Business students gain greater insight into a career in marketing from this…

  15. Wind, Klickitat, Hood and Fifteen Mile Habitat Site Visits

    E-print Network

    Wind, Klickitat, Hood and Fifteen Mile Habitat Site Visits April 17-19th, 2013 ISRP Review Team (4 at the Sheraton Airport at 7:15 a.m. Site Visits: Depart airport and head east: Wind, Klickitat, White Salmon in this review: 1998-019-00 Wind River Watershed Underwood Conservation District (UCD), US Forest Service (USFS

  16. A clinician-mediated, longitudinal tracking system for the follow-up of clinical results

    E-print Network

    Rosenthal, Daniel Todd

    2005-01-01

    Failure to follow-up on abnormal tests is a common clinical concern comprising the quality of care. Although many clinicians track their patient follow-up by scheduling follow-up visits or by leaving physical reminders, ...

  17. Russian research capabilities: Findings of site visits

    SciTech Connect

    Wester, D.W.

    1994-02-01

    In June 1993, a proposal was presented to the International Environmental Institute (IEI) in Kennewick, Washington, to establish cooperation and coordination to further pursue the interests of the United States of America and the Republic of Russia in the application and promotion of environmental technology; characterization, treatment, handling, isolation, and disposal of hazardous and radioactive materials; conversion of defense sites to other purposes; and technology transfer, cooperative programs, joint technology development and contractual research. In response to this proposal, IEI and Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) jointly provided funding to send Dr. Dennis W. Wester on a fact-finding mission to Novosibirsk, Moscow, and St. Petersburg, Russia. The trip covered a period of eight weeks, six of which were spent in Novosibirsk and adjoining or related cities and one of which was spent in each of Moscow and St. Petersburg. The general objectives of the trip were to establish a basis for cooperation between IEI and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) for future coordination of mutual interests and objectives such as technology acquisition, development, demonstration, application, and commercialization; use of capabilities and assets developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the RAS; and expediting of cooperative agreements, personnel exchanges, joint ventures and other contractual relationships. The particular objectives of this trip were to evaluate the capabilities of the RAS to satisfy the technology needs associated with the cleanup of the Hanford Site and similar sites in the U.S. and to evaluate the expediency of establishing an IEI presence in Russia.

  18. Expert panel reviews of research centers: the site visit process.

    PubMed

    Lawrenz, Frances; Thao, Mao; Johnson, Kelli

    2012-08-01

    Site visits are used extensively in a variety of settings within the evaluation community. They are especially common in making summative value decisions about the quality and worth of research programs/centers. However, there has been little empirical research and guidance about how to appropriately conduct evaluative site visits of research centers. We review the processes of two site visit examples using an expert panel review: (1) a process to evaluate four university research centers and (2) a process to review a federally sponsored research center. A set of 14 categories describing the expert panel review process was obtained through content analysis and participant observation. Most categories were addressed differently through the two processes highlighting the need for more research about the most effective processes to use within different contexts. Decisions about how to structure site visits appear to depend on the research context, practical considerations, the level at which the review is being conducted and the intended impact of the report. Future research pertaining to the selection of site visitors, the autonomy of the visitors in data collection and report writing, and the amount and type of information provided would be particularly valuable. PMID:22306932

  19. Site Visit to Calvert County, Maryland ARC Family Support Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bersani, Hank A., Jr.

    The site visit report describes the Family Support Services program run by the Calvert County (Maryland) Association for Retarded Citizens. The program's goal is to prevent any person 21 years of age or younger from being institutionalized. It provides respite care services, specialized family support, and integrated day care for approximately 50…

  20. Efficacy and Utility of Phone Call Follow-up after Pediatric General Surgery versus Traditional Clinic Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Fischer, Kevin; Hogan, Virginia; Jager, Alesha; von Allmen, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Context: Typical follow-up for surgical procedures consists of an interim history and brief focused physical examination. These appointments occupy clinic resources, require a time investment by the family, and rarely identify problems. Previous studies have demonstrated the safety of a postoperative phone call. Objective: Compare a traditional in-person clinic postoperative visit with postoperative phone call follow-up regarding patient satisfaction, rate of successful follow-up, and clinic resource utilization in a large academic practice. Design: A retrospective review of charts of patients who underwent select surgical procedures, along with a review of the clinic schedule for the same time period. Main Outcome Measures: Efficacy, patient/family satisfaction, and impact on the clinic. Methods: Families were contacted by telephone two weeks after select surgical procedures to assess for complications and questions. Cohorts of patients six months before and six months after implementation were assessed for main outcome measures. Results: Before implementation, 55.5% of patients (427/769) who had one of the select surgical procedures were seen in the clinic postoperatively, and 62.6% (435/695) had a successful postoperative phone call follow-up. There were also 1090 overall scheduled postoperative appointments. Six months after implementation, overall postoperative appointments decreased 35.5% to 703. Overall, postoperative-scheduled visits decreased by 6% compared with new visits and other general follow-up visits, which each increased by 3%. A satisfaction survey revealed that 93% of patients (n = 231) were highly satisfied with the process. A hospital cost analysis suggested an 89% cost savings ($101.75 per patient for clinic visit vs $12.50 per patient for phone call follow-up). Conclusion: Postoperative phone call follow-up is an effective tool that improves patient and physician efficiency and satisfaction. PMID:25663201

  1. Hanford/Tomsk reciprocal site visit: Plutonium agreement compliance talks

    SciTech Connect

    Libby, R.A.; Sorenson, R.; Six, D.; Schiegel, S.C.

    1994-11-01

    The objective of the visit to Hanford Site was to: demonstrate equipment, technology, and methods for calculating Pu production, measuring integrated reactor power, and storing and safeguarding PuO{sub 2}; demonstrate the shutdown of Hanford production reactors; and foster openness and transparency of Hanford operations. The first day`s visit was an introduction to Hanford and a review of the history of the reactors. The second day consisted of discussions on the production reactors, reprocessing operations, and PuO{sub 2} storage. The group divided on the third day to tour facilities. Group A toured the N reactor, K-West reactor, K-West Basins, B reactor, and participated in a demonstration and discussion of reactor modeling computer codes. Group B toured the Hanford Pu Storage Facility, 200-East Area, N-cell (oxide loadout station), the Automated Storage Facility, and the Nondestructive Assay Measurement System. Group discussions were held during the last day of the visit, which included scheduling of a US visit to Russia.

  2. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma, with a radiographically occult primary tumor, presenting in the operative site of a thoracic meningioma: long-term follow-up: Case report.

    PubMed

    Heary, Robert F; Agarwal, Nitin; Barrese, James C; Barry, Maureen T; Baisre, Ada

    2014-10-01

    Lesions metastatic to the site of a meningioma resection from a different primary tumor are rare. Metastasis of a tumor without a known primary tumor is also rare. Metastasis of a renal cell carcinoma, without an identifiable primary tumor, to the bed of a meningioma resection has not been previously reported. The authors describe the case of a 54-year-old man who presented with decreased sensory and motor function in the lower extremities. He underwent T3-5 laminectomies and gross-total removal of an intradural, extramedullary meningioma. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient regained full neurological function. After a 3-year period, he developed progressive upper thoracic pain and lower-extremity paresthesias. Imaging studies showed an epidural mass at the T2-4 levels and what appeared to be blastic involvement of the T2-4 vertebrae. A metastatic workup was negative. Emergency revision laminectomies yielded a fibrous, nonvascular mass. Neuropathology was consistent with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. After 6 months, the patient's symptoms of pain and paresthesias recurred. Repeat excision, with decompression of the spinal cord, revealed tumor cells morphologically and immunophenotypically similar to those obtained from the prior surgery. Cytogenetic analysis confirmed the presence of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. A novel case of an epidural metastatic renal cell carcinoma, of unknown primary origin, in the same operative bed of a previously resected intradural, extramedullary meningioma of the thoracic spine is reported. PMID:25014504

  3. Remotely operated excavator needs assessment/site visit summary

    SciTech Connect

    Straub, J.; Haller, S.; Worsley, R. [Westinghouse Environmental Management Co. of Ohio, Cincinnati, OH (United States); King, M. [THETA Technology Inc. (United States)

    1992-12-02

    The Uranium in Soils Integrated Demonstration requested an assessment of soil excavation needs relative to soil remediation. The following list identifies the DOE sites assessed: Mound Laboratory, Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Nevada Test Site, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Rocky Flats Plant, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Hanford Site, and Fernald Site. The reviewed sites fall into one or more of the following three categories: production, EPA National Priorities List, or CERCLA (superfund) designation. Only three of the sites appear to have the need for a remotely operated excavator rope. Hanford and Idaho Falls have areas of high-level radioactive contamination either buried or in/under buildings. The Fernald site has a need for remote operated equipment of different types. It is their feeling that remote equipment can be used to remove the health dangers to humans by removing them from the area. Most interviewees stated that characterization technologies needs are more immediate concern over excavation. In addition, the sites do not have similar geographic conditions which would aid in the development of a generic precision excavator. The sites visited were not ready to utilize or provide the required design information necessary to draft a performance specification. This creates a strong case against the development of one type of ROPE for use at these sites. Assuming soil characterization technology/methodology is improved sufficiently to allow accurate and real time field characterization then development of a precision excavator might be pursued based on FEMP needs, since the FEMP`s sole scope of work is remediation. The excavator could then be used/tested and then later modified for other sites as warranted.

  4. Analysis of Visitor Decision Making System When Visiting Natural Recreation Sites by Multinomial Logit Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmet Kuba?; Fatih Yilmaz; Ya?ar Akta?; Nurcan Met?N

    2005-01-01

    Multinomial Logit Model has analyzed the relationship between the frequency of visits to recreation areas and the motivational factors affecting the visits. Kastro Environment Preserving Site that is located in the Black Sea coast of Marmara region in Turkey, has been chosen as the site for this study. Kastro bay is a natural park that is visited only for recreational

  5. Determining Virtual Environment "Fit": The Relationship between Navigation Style in a Virtual Field Trip, Student Self-Reported Desire to Visit the Field Trip Site in the Real World, and the Purposes of Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tutwiler, M. Shane; Lin, Ming-Chao; Chang, Chun-Yen

    2013-01-01

    In this study, a follow-up analysis of the data reported in Lin et al. ("Learn Media Technol." doi: 10.1080/17439884.2011.629660 , 2011), we investigated the relationship between student use of a virtual field trip (VFT) system and the probability of students reporting wanting to visit the national park site upon which the VFT was modeled,…

  6. Value of routine follow up of women treated for early carcinoma of the breast

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J A Dewar; G R Kerr

    1985-01-01

    The value of routine follow up of women treated for early breast cancer by mastectomy with or without postoperative radiotherapy was assessed retrospectively. Over eight years 546 patients made 6863 clinic visits, during which 192 first relapses were detected. Ninety three relapses were detected at scheduled (routine) visits and 99 at unscheduled (interval) visits. First relapses within the treated area

  7. Predictors of follow-up for overweight youth and parents.

    PubMed

    Pratt, Keeley J; Collier, David N; Walton, Nicole L; Lazorick, Suzanne; Lamson, Angela L

    2015-03-01

    Attrition is a significant problem for health care providers working with youth and parents involved in childhood obesity treatment. Barriers for families in childhood obesity treatment have been explored, but less is known about factors that may be associated with follow-up attendance. The purpose of this study is to explore youth and parent variables, pediatrician's evaluations of youth and parents' likelihood to change (LTC), and their association with attendance at follow-up. One hundred ninety-three youth and parent dyads were included in the sample; slightly more than half of the sample did not return for a follow up visit. Descriptive statistics, paired and independent t tests, and correlations were used to determine associations between youth and parent demographic factors, attendance at follow-up, and pediatricians' evaluation of likelihood to change. Evaluations of LTC and demographic factors did not significantly associate with follow-up appointment attendance. Single parents were more likely to be rated by pediatricians as likely to make changes. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25603308

  8. Towards sustainability assessment follow-up

    SciTech Connect

    Morrison-Saunders, Angus, E-mail: a.morrison-saunders@murdoch.edu.au [Murdoch University (Australia) [Murdoch University (Australia); North-West University (South Africa); Pope, Jenny, E-mail: jenny@integral-sustainability.net [North-West University (South Africa) [North-West University (South Africa); Integral Sustainability (Australia) [Australia; Curtin University (Australia); Bond, Alan, E-mail: alan.bond@uea.ac.uk [North-West University (South Africa) [North-West University (South Africa); University of East Anglia (United Kingdom); Retief, Francois, E-mail: francois.retief@nwu.ac.za [North-West University (South Africa)] [North-West University (South Africa)

    2014-02-15

    This paper conceptualises what sustainability assessment follow-up might entail for three models of sustainability assessment: EIA-driven integrated assessment, objectives-led integrated assessment and the contribution to sustainability model. The first two are characterised by proponent monitoring and evaluation of individual impacts and indicators while the latter takes a holistic view based around focused sustainability criteria relevant to the context. The implications of three sustainability challenges on follow-up are also examined: contested time horizons and value changes, trade-offs, and interdisciplinarity. We conclude that in order to meet these challenges some form of adaptive follow-up is necessary and that the contribution to sustainability approach is the best approach. -- Highlights: • We explore sustainability follow-up for three different sustainability models. • Long-time frames require adaptive follow-up and are a key follow-up challenge. • Other key challenges include interdisciplinarity, and trade-offs. • Sustainability follow-up should be a direction of travel and not an outcome. • Only the follow-up for contribution to sustainability model addresses sustainability challenges sufficiently.

  9. Francoise, a Fifteen-Year Follow Up.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rondal, J. A.; Elbouz, M.; Ylieff, M.; Docquier, L.

    2003-01-01

    This paper reports on a 15-year follow-up of the linguistic and cognitive profile of a woman with standard trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). The follow-up found recent rapid deterioration in receptive and productive language skills. However, basic phonological and morphosyntactic skills are preserved. Her changing profile mirrors that found in aging…

  10. Study of New Youth Initiatives in Apprenticeship. Interim Report. Volume 2: Site Visit Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CSR, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This second volume of the interim report provides detailed case study reports on each of the eight Youth Apprenticeship Projects. (Volume 1, an overview of data from the site visits, is available separately as CE 032 791.) Discussion areas covered in each site visit report are local context/operational environment, administrative information,…

  11. Site Visits: Assessing and Improving the Climate for Women in Marcia Barbosa and Diane Grayson

    E-print Network

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    in the United States and the UK. The workshop sessions and their leaders were: 1. Report on the Site VisitsSite Visits: Assessing and Improving the Climate for Women in Physics Marcia Barbosa and Diane to 143.54.199.16. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://proceedings.aip.org/about/rights

  12. 48 CFR 1352.270-71 - Pre-bid/pre-proposal conference and site visit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Pre-Proposal Conference and Site Visit (APR 2010) ...conference constitute grounds supporting a protest...If the conference also includes a site or equipment inspection...equipment constitute grounds for any protest or...

  13. Robotic Follow-Up for Human Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fong, Terrence; Bualat, Maria; Deans, Matthew C.; Adams, Byron; Allan, Mark; Altobelli, Martha; Bouyssounouse, Xavier; Cohen, Tamar; Flueckiger, Lorenzo; Garber, Joshua; Palmer, Elizabeth; Heggy, Essam; Jurgens, Frank; Kennedy, Tim; Kobayashi, Linda; Lee, Pascal; Lee, Susan Y.; Lees, David; Lundy, Mike; Park, Eric; Pedersen, Liam; Smith, Trey; To, Vinh; Utz, Hans; Wheeler, Dawn

    2010-01-01

    We are studying how "robotic follow-up" can improve future planetary exploration. Robotic follow-up, which we define as augmenting human field work with subsequent robot activity, is a field exploration technique designed to increase human productivity and science return. To better understand the benefits, requirements, limitations and risks associated with this technique, we are conducting analog field tests with human and robot teams at the Haughton Crater impact structure on Devon Island, Canada. In this paper, we discuss the motivation for robotic follow-up, describe the scientific context and system design for our work, and present results and lessons learned from field testing.

  14. Breast Conditions and Follow-Up Care

    Cancer.gov

    Updated: March 25, 2014 Updated: March 25, 2014 Breast Conditions and Follow-Up Care Conditions Features What Your Doctor May Recommend Adenosis Small round lumps, lumpiness, or you may not feel anything at all Enlarged breast lobules

  15. Well-differentiated liposarcoma (atypical lipoma) of deep soft tissue of the extremities, retroperitoneum, and miscellaneous sites. A follow-up study of 92 cases with analysis of the incidence of "dedifferentiation".

    PubMed

    Weiss, S W; Rao, V K

    1992-11-01

    Ninety-two cases of well-differentiated liposarcoma of deep soft tissue of the extremity, retroperitoneum, and groin with follow-up information of at least 2 years and no evidence of dedifferentiation at the time of diagnosis were studied to determine their long-term behavior. The tumors occurred most commonly in the muscles of the extremity (46 cases), followed by the retroperitoneum (23 cases), groin (14 cases), and miscellaneous sites (nine cases). Tumors in the retroperitoneum recurred in nearly all cases (21 of 23 cases), occasionally caused patient death, and dedifferentiated in four cases (median time to dedifferentiation, 8 years). Tumors in the groin had a similar high recurrence rate (11 of 14 cases), caused death of patients (two of 14 cases), and dedifferentiated (four of 14 cases). In contrast, those in the extremity recurred less frequently (20 of 46 cases) and had no disease-related mortality. Three of 46, however, underwent dedifferentiation (median time to dedifferentiation, 7 years). Of the 11 cases that underwent dedifferentiation, the interval between diagnosis and dedifferentiation ranged from 2 to 18 years (median time, 9 years; average time, 11 years). Six of the 11 patients showed dedifferentiated foci in the first recurrence, and three died of metastatic disease. Our study indicates that the behavior of well-differentiated liposarcomas is strongly influenced by location. Although the prevailing view is that dedifferentiation is restricted to tumors of the retroperitoneum, our study indicates that it is not a site-specific phenomenon, but is more likely a time-dependent phenomenon seen in situations with a high likelihood for clinical persistence of disease for a long period. Dedifferentiation identifies a tumor that is potentially more aggressive; yet the progression of the disease following dedifferentiation may be highly variable and probably depends on a number of factors, including the amount of dedifferentiation and type of therapy. Although atypical lipoma is an acceptable term for well-differentiated liposarcomas of the subcutis, it fails to convey the potentially life-threatening properties of retroperitoneal tumors. For these lesions as well as those in the deep soft tissues of the extremity, retention of the term well-differentiated liposarcoma is advocated. PMID:1471725

  16. Report on TTT Site Visits Conducted in November and December, 1969. An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crockett, Walter H.; And Others

    The first ten pages of this report give a brief overview of the Trainers of Teacher Trainers (TTT) Program and a description of the organization of the site visits. The remainder of the report summarizes the findings of the visits to 40 TTT projects by forty four-member teams. The four members of each team represent the four groups participating…

  17. Visiting the Site of Death: Experiences of the Bereaved after the 2004 Southeast Asian Tsunami

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristensen, Pal; Tonnessen, Arnfinn; Weisaeth, Lars; Heir, Trond

    2012-01-01

    The authors examined how many bereaved relatives of Norwegian tourists who perished in the 2004 Southeast Asian Tsunami had visited the site of death and the most important outcome from the visit. We conducted in-depth interviews (n = 110) and used self-report questionnaires (Impact of Event Scale--Revised, Inventory of Complicated Grief, and…

  18. Transient Alert Follow-up Planned for CCAT

    E-print Network

    Jenness, Tim

    2014-01-01

    CCAT is a sub-millimeter telescope to be built on Cerro Chajnantor in Chile near the ALMA site. The remote location means that all observing will be done by remote observers with the future goal of fully autonomous observing using a dynamic scheduler. The fully autonomous observing mode provides a natural means for accepting transient alert notifications for immediate follow up.

  19. Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders?

    E-print Network

    Marinova, Elena

    Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders? V. Linseele a by the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project of Leuven University under the direction of P.M. Vermeersch

  20. Gangliocytoma: Operability and follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Diba; R. A. Frowein; A. Stammler

    1979-01-01

    Summary Nineteen follow-up studies of patients with gangliocytomas, mainly in a temporal (7 cases) or parietal (6 cases) localisation, were carried out. Of the 6 patients who were operated on between the ages of 20 to 30, 4 had, at least for a time, a job similar to or better than the one they had held before the operation. An

  1. Congenital toxoplasmosis: 10-year follow up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Mombrò; C. Perathoner; A. Leone; M. Nicocia; A. Moiraghi Ruggenini; C. Zotti; M. A. Lievre; C. Fabris

    1995-01-01

    A long-term follow up was begun in 1982 on offspring of mothers who acquired toxoplasmosis during gestation. The 114 newborns were subdivided into 3 groups: (1) 26 born to mothers with certain in- fection; (2) 51 born to mothers with probable infection, and (3) 37 born to mothers with doubtful infection. There were five infections in the first group (19.2%),

  2. Following Up Performance: Lessons from the Field.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Constance

    2002-01-01

    Presents practices from post-training performance evaluation for continuous quality improvement in developing countries. Highlights include performance specification and analysis of performance factors; guidelines for planning follow-up performance evaluations; human performance models and cross-cultural portability; and an example from Togo, West…

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Methodsfor Successful Follow-up

    E-print Network

    Adolphs, Ralph

    -up methods used in two randomized clinical trials among one such population, namely, homeless men with mental assessments. The ethnographiCfollow-up method is adaptable to otherstudies and other settings, and may provide a replicable modelfor achieving high follow-up rates in urban epidemiologic studies. This paper describes

  4. Lab 3 Follow Up Page 1 Lab 3 Follow Up Page 2

    E-print Network

    Rotella, Jay J.

    Lab 3 ­ Follow Up Page 1 #12;Lab 3 ­ Follow Up Page 2 Deviance plays the role of residual sum of squares in linear regression. To assess the significance of a factor(s), we compare the Deviance for both models. Likelihood Ratio Tests: Deviance_Reduced Model ­ Deviance_General Model ~chi

  5. Hydroview ® Intraokularlinsen – Follow up 3 Jahre postoperativ

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Jirak; U. Schönherr

    2009-01-01

    \\u000a Summary  To evaluate the frequency of lens opacification regarding hydrogel intraocular lenses (Hydroview®, Bausch & Lomb). From a total number of 355 intraocular lenses of the batches in question implanted at our centre, 110 eyes\\u000a received follow up examination up to 3 years postoperatively. Most of them had been implanted during standard cataract surgery\\u000a using only Healon® as viscoelastic. Only one

  6. Querulent Paranoia: A Follow-Up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Astrup

    1984-01-01

    This study deals with all querulent paranoias admitted to Gaustad Hospital during 1938–1972. As querulent paranoia is a rare clinical condition, a plea is made for a multicenter study. We had only 22 cases, but most of them have a follow-up over several years, so that we are able to know fairly well the long-term course of illness. The family

  7. Visiting the site of death: experiences of the bereaved after the 2004 Southeast Asian Tsunami.

    PubMed

    Kristensen, Pål; Tønnessen, Arnfinn; Weisaeth, Lars; Heir, Trond

    2012-01-01

    The authors examined how many bereaved relatives of Norwegian tourists who perished in the 2004 Southeast Asian Tsunami had visited the site of death and the most important outcome from the visit. We conducted in-depth interviews (n = 110) and used self-report questionnaires (Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Inventory of Complicated Grief and General Health Questionnaire) in a total of 130 first-degree family members 2 years post-disaster. Results showed that the majority of participants (n = 113; 87%) had visited the site of death. The most important outcome was gaining an increased understanding of what occurred (61%) and a feeling of closeness to the deceased (27%). Those who had visited the site of death reported lower avoidance behavior and higher degree of acceptance of the loss than non-visitors. Although this could be a cause as well as a consequence of the visit, visiting the site of death may be an important part of the support offered to bereaved families after experiencing a disaster loss. PMID:24567999

  8. Reimbursement for Living Kidney Donor Follow-Up Care: How Often Does Donor Insurance Pay?

    PubMed Central

    Kher, Ajay; Rodrigue, James; Ajaimy, Maria; Wasilewski, Marcy; Ladin, Keren; Mandelbrot, Didier

    2014-01-01

    Background Currently, many transplantation centers do not follow former living kidney donors on a long-term basis. Several potential barriers have been identified to provide this follow-up of former living kidney donors, including concerns that donor insurance will not reimburse transplantation centers or primary care physicians for this care. Here, we report the rates at which different insurance companies reimbursed our transplantation center for follow-up visits of living donors. Methods We collected data on all yearly follow-up visits of living donors billed from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2010, representing 82 different donors. Concurrent visits of their recipients were available for 47 recipients and were used as a control group. Results We find that most bills for follow-up visits of living kidney donors were paid by insurance companies, at a rate similar to the reimbursement for recipient follow-up care. Conclusions Our findings suggest that, for former donors with insurance, inadequate reimbursement should not be a barrier in providing follow-up care. PMID:23060280

  9. Oligometastases Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy: Long-Term Follow-Up of Prospective Study

    SciTech Connect

    Milano, Michael T., E-mail: MTMilano@yahoo.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY (United States); Katz, Alan W.; Zhang Hong [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY (United States); Okunieff, Paul [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Purpose: To analyze the long-term survival and tumor control outcomes after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for metastases limited in number and extent. Methods and Materials: We prospectively analyzed the long-term overall survival (OS) and cancer control outcomes of 121 patients with five or fewer clinically detectable metastases, from any primary site, metastatic to one to three organ sites, and treated with SBRT. Freedom from widespread distant metastasis (FFDM) was defined as metastatic disease not amenable to local therapy (i.e., resection or SBRT). Prognostic variables were assessed using log-rank and Cox regression analyses. Results: For breast cancer patients, the median follow-up was 4.5 years (7.1 years for 16 of 39 patients alive at the last follow-up visit). The 2-year OS, FFDM, and local control (LC) rate was 74%, 52%, and 87%, respectively. The 6-year OS, FFDM, and LC rate was 47%, 36%, and 87%, respectively. From the multivariate analyses, the variables of bone metastases (p = .057) and one vs. more than one metastasis (p = .055) were associated with a fourfold and threefold reduced hazard of death, respectively. None of the 17 bone lesions from breast cancer recurred after SBRT vs. 10 of 68 lesions from other organs that recurred (p = .095). For patients with nonbreast cancers, the median follow-up was 1.7 years (7.3 years for 7 of 82 patients alive at the last follow-up visit). The 2-year OS, FFDM, and LC rate was 39%, 28%, and 74%, respectively. The 6-year OS, FFDM, and LC rate was 9%, 13%, and 65%, respectively. For nonbreast cancers, a greater SBRT target volume was significantly adverse for OS (p = .012) and lesion LC (p < .0001). Patients whose metastatic lesions, before SBRT, demonstrated radiographic progression after systemic therapy experienced significantly worse OS compared with patients with stable or regressing disease. Conclusions: Select patients with limited metastases treated with SBRT are long-term survivors. Future research should address the therapeutic benefit of SBRT for these patients.

  10. Site Visits: Assessing and Improving the Climate for Women in Physics Marcia Barbosaa

    E-print Network

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    Role of Women [3]. In the second session we had one presentation giving more details about the Site presentations of baseline studies of the situation of women in physics in India [5] and in South Africa [6 of climate in the work place and gender equity. In the model for site visits adopted by the USA and the UK

  11. Determining Virtual Environment "Fit": The Relationship Between Navigation Style in a Virtual Field Trip, Student Self-Reported Desire to Visit the Field Trip Site in the Real World, and the Purposes of Science Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tutwiler, M. Shane; Lin, Ming-Chao; Chang, Chun-Yen

    2013-06-01

    In this study, a follow-up analysis of the data reported in Lin et al. (Learn Media Technol. doi: 10.1080/17439884.2011.629660, 2011), we investigated the relationship between student use of a virtual field trip (VFT) system and the probability of students reporting wanting to visit the national park site upon which the VFT was modeled, controlling for content knowledge and prior visits to the park. Students who were able to navigate the VFT in teams were more likely than their peers who had the system demonstrated by a teacher to want to visit the national park. In addition, students with higher pre-intervention content knowledge were more likely to want to visit the national park than their peers with lower pre-test scores, in both the teacher demonstration and student co-navigation conditions.

  12. Follow-up after urinary diversion.

    PubMed

    Fichtner, J

    1999-01-01

    With modern forms of urinary diversion being widely employed during recent years, the awareness of possible complications and appropriate follow-up strategies gains rising importance and current follow-up strategies are reviewed herewith. Follow-up investigations after urinary diversion have to address possible surgical complications, metabolic changes as well as the risk of secondary malignancies in the incorporated bowel segments. The most important and possible deleterious surgical complication is upper tract dilation and obstruction following ureteroenteric anastomotic stenosis and occurs in 2-30% depending on the surgical technique and evaluated series. The most appropriate follow-up study to detect upper tract dilation is ultrasonography while the associated obstructional component can best be estimated by functional renographic studies (MAG(3) renal scan). The significance of reflux associated with urinary diversion remains controversial although experimental studies and clinical observations suggest a risk of renal functional deterioration associated with reflux which is certainly true in ureterosigmoidostomy following pyelonephritic changes. Possible metabolic changes include hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis and problems related to malabsorption due to bowel resection and incorporation of bowel segments into the urinary tract. The incidence of hyperchloremic acidosis is related to the form of urinary diversion, being higher in continent forms than in incontinent diversions, while hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis is most frequently encountered in ureterosigmoidostomy. While acute complications of metabolic acidosis may encompass hyperventilation as well as severe changes of serum electrolytes and acid base balance leading to cardiac arrhythmias necessitating immediate hospital treatment with intravenous alkalinizing, chronic acidosis may lead to osteopenia through hypocalcemia and stimulation of osteoclastic activity. Metabolic acidosis can be best detected by regular blood gas analysis. To prevent these complications prophylactic administration of alkalinizing agents (e.g. potassium citrate) should be readily performed. Malabsorption of bile acid strongly correlates with the length of ileum resected and can induce both chologenic diarrhea and malabsorption of liposoluble vitamins (A, D, E, K). Vitamin B(12) is exclusively absorbed in the distal ileum, serum levels therefore may be reduced following resection of distal ileum. This will not occur during the first 3-5 years following diversion because B(12) deposits usually will last for this period. Later, however, serum levels of vitamin B(12) should be checked annually while others favor routine substitution of this vitamin. The incidence of cancer occurring at the ureterointestinal anastomosis seems to be highest in patients with ureterosigmoidostomy varying between 2 and 29% with polypoid benign lesions being more frequent. The most common type of tumor is adenocarcinoma which has also been reported in colonic and ileal conduits as well as augmentation cystoplasty using either colon or ileum. Since the time interval between surgery and cancer occurrence is longer than 10 years, the newer forms of continent diversion theoretically also inherit the risk of tumor formation, which, however, has yet to be established because these diversions are only in wide use since 10 years. Currently, annual endoscopic controls are recommended in those patients with diversions where feces and urine are in contact with urothelium starting 5 years after surgery. Although formal guidelines for follow-up after urinary diversion have not yet been established by the working group on oncology of the German urological association, this paper suggests a follow-up strategy addressing surgical complications, metabolic changes and the risk of secondary malignancies. PMID:10592489

  13. A model for planning optimal follow-up for outpatients on warfarin anticoagulation. Warfarin Optimal Outpatient Follow-up Study Group.

    PubMed

    Kent, D L; Vermes, D; McDonell, M; Henikoff, J; Fihn, S D

    1992-01-01

    Patients taking warfarin for long-term anticoagulation require frequent clinic visits to monitor the prothrombin time ratio (PTR), a measure of blood clotting. A dynamic stochastic model using nonlinear optimization was developed to select follow-up visit intervals that minimize the overall costs of patient care. Assuming that fluctuations in a patient's PTR behave as a random diffusion process, future PTR fluctuations are unknown, except as revealed by past PTRs. To determine the incidence and costs of complications in relation to PTR, the authors reviewed the charts of 216 patients who had 719 patient-years of follow-up with 695 trivial, significant, life-threatening, or fatal complications. They modeled the relationship between costs of complications and deviation of the PTR from the therapeutic target as a fourth-order convex polynomial. The model is used to compute the interval to the next follow-up visit to minimize accumulated potential costs. Variables in the optimization are the cost of a monitoring visit and the expected costs of complications. The latter are derived from the current PTR, the variability of the patient's past PTR values, the number of past PTRs available, and the target PTR for the patient. No attempt is made to predict the level of the next PTR or suggest adjustments in the warfarin dose. Shorter follow-up is recommended for patients who have histories of large fluctuations in past PTRs and for patients with few prior PTR determinations. As visits accumulate, the patient's degree of variability can be estimated more accurately and visit intervals adjusted accordingly. The scheduling method balances costs to the health care system of monitoring each patient against the expected costs of complications. This approach has the potential to reduce the number of monitoring visits necessary for safe management of anticoagulated patients with stable PTRs and to improve control among unstable patients. PMID:1573980

  14. The Near-Earth Objects Follow-up Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yu. N. Krugly; I. N. Belskaya; V. G. Shevchenko; V. G. Chiorny; F. P. Velichko; S. Mottola; A. Erikson; G. Hahn; A. Nathues; G. Neukum; N. M. Gaftonyuk; E. Dotto

    2002-01-01

    Lightcurve observations of 16 near-Earth objects (NEOs) and 2 Mars-crossers in 1996–1999 from three observational sites are presented. Eight objects were observed shortly after their discovery within the follow-up program of NEO observations. We were able to determine rotation periods for 14 asteroids. For 8 objects (5626, 5732, 1998 FM5, 1998 FX2, 1998 UT18, 1998 VO33, 1999 RQ36, 1999 US3)

  15. [Follow-up, with Internet medical file, of patients who have undergone radical prostatectomy].

    PubMed

    Vallancien, Guy; Cathala, Nathalie; Brillat, François; Mombet, Annick; Lobel, Elie; Prapotnich, Dominique; Alexandre, Laurent

    2002-01-01

    The development of Internet and the need for regular follow-up of patients often living a long way from hospital have led us to develop a follow-up dossier for patients with localized prostate cancer treated by laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. This feasibility study is based on 100 patients who agreed to test this system. After approval by the Commission Nationale d'Informatique et de Liberté (CNIL) (French Computers and Privacy Commission) ensuring medical secrecy and confidentiality of data, the website was opened on a server specifically devoted to this project and presenting all of the required computer securities. The website is composed of pages comprising the hospital discharge summary, and the operative and histology reports. A quality of life questionnaire based on assessment of urinary continence and sex life and a PSA assay form are also included. The patient is therefore able to enter his PSA level and complete the questionnaire at home and the results are then sent to the doctor who treated him. A contact page allows the patient and the doctor to exchange information by text. 92 of these 100 patients connected regularly to the site with a mean connection rate of 8 per patient (range: 1 to 22). 98% of patients were satisfied with the various sections of the site and 95% were satisfied with their medical file. 11% of patients encountered connection problems and 14% reported technical problems essentially attributed to incorrect PSA data entry or incorrect functioning of videos due to the absence of appropriate software. This type of Internet medical service for patients who have undergone a surgical operation requiring regular follow-up appears to be a useful approach for the future by allowing: maintenance of close contact between the patient and his doctors while avoiding the problems related to hospital visits, regardless of the patient's place of residence. It also provides general practitioners with access to the patient's file, with the patient's permission. PMID:12669667

  16. NASA Audit Follow-up Handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    This NASA Audit Follow-up Handbook is issued pursuant to the requirements of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-50, Audit Follow-up, dated September 29, 1982. It sets forth policy, uniform performance standards, and procedural guidance to NASA personnel for use when considering reports issued by the Office of Inspector General (OIG), other executive branch audit organizations, the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), and the General Accounting Office (GAO). It is intended to: specify principal roles; strengthen the procedures for management decisions (resolution) on audit findings and corrective action on audit report recommendations; emphasize the importance of monitoring agreed upon corrective actions to assure actual accomplishment; and foster the use of audit reports as effective tools of management. A flow chart depicting the NASA audit and management decision process is in Appendix A. This handbook is a controlled handbook issued in loose-leaf form and will be revised by page changes. Additional copies for internal use may be obtained through normal distribution channels.

  17. Improving Lunar Exploration with Robotic Follow-up

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fong, T.; Bualat, M.; Deans, M.; Heggy E.; Helper, M.; Hodges, K.; Lee, P.

    2011-01-01

    We are investigating how augmenting human field work with subsequent robot activity can improve lunar exploration. Robotic "follow-up" might involve: completing geology observations; making tedious or long-duration measurements of a target site or feature; curating samples in-situ; and performing unskilled, labor-intensive work. To study this technique, we have begun conducting a series of lunar analog field tests at Haughton Crater (Canada). Motivation: In most field geology studies on Earth, explorers often find themselves left with a set of observations they would have liked to make, or samples they would have liked to take, if only they had been able to stay longer in the field. For planetary field geology, we can imagine mobile robots - perhaps teleoperated vehicles previously used for manned exploration or dedicated planetary rovers - being deployed to perform such follow-up activities [1].

  18. Autologous fat transplantation. Long-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    Pinski, K S; Roenigk, H H

    1992-03-01

    We present a clinical long-term follow-up of our autologous fat transplantation patients. Our study group consists of 43 patients followed over 3-48 months (mean 26 months). Cosmetic defects treated include linear morphea, expression lines, acne scars, discoid lupus erythematosus scars, and post-traumatic scarring. Postoperative complications were rare and short term. We conclude that autologous fat transplantation is a safe and effective procedure. Fat graft longevity is examined in relation to the cosmetic defect treated, the recipient site, and the donor site. PMID:1531838

  19. Predicting travel costs for recreational visits at aquatic sites within the Caribbean National Forest using GIS

    E-print Network

    Forest using GIS Brent M. Read, Melinda J. Laituri* Colorado State University, Department of Forest Systems (GIS) provide an ideal environment for studying the spatial patterns by which people choose to visit various recreation sites. Cost surface models, developed in a GIS, can estimate the amount

  20. Female Faculty Members in University Chemistry Departments: Observations and Conclusions Based on Site Visits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Sally; Dixon, Felicia F.; Foster, Natalie; Kuck, Valerie J.; McCarthy, Deborah A.; Tooney, Nancy M.; Buckner, Janine P.; Nolan, Susan A.; Marzabadi, Cecilia H.

    2011-01-01

    Oral interviews in focus groups and written surveys were conducted with 877 men and women, including administrators, faculty members, postdoctoral associates, and graduate students, during one-day site visits to chemistry and chemical engineering departments at 28 Ph.D.-granting institutions. This report is a preliminary review of the perceptions…

  1. SEASONAL VARIATION IN LATRINE SITE VISITATION AND SCENT MARKING BY NEARCTIC RIVER OTTERS (Lontra canadensis )

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zachary H. OLSON; Thomas L. SERFASS; Olin E. RHODES

    We combined analyses of visitation (using remote cameras) and scent marking (using traditional sign surveys) to provide a comprehensive assessment of the mechanisms underlying variation in river otter scent marking at latrine sites and to verify that river otter scent marking varies seasonally in Pennsylvania and Maryland. We observed seasonal peaks in total scent marking in the fall (September) and

  2. White-tailed Deer Visitation Rates at Medicated Bait Sites in Southern Texas

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, has been found on white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) complicating eradication efforts of the USDA’s Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program. Our objective was to assess patterns of deer visitation to medicated bait sites used to treat...

  3. FEPS Follow-Up. II: MIPS Photometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hines, Dean; Backman, Dana; Carpenter, John; Hillenbrand, Lynne; Kim, Jinyoung Serena; Metchev, Stanimir; Meyer, Michael; Pascucci, Ilaria; Silverstone, Murray; Stauffer, John

    2006-05-01

    We propose to obtain new 70 and 160 micron photometric observations of a carefully selected sample of debris systems around sun-like stars identified during the Spitzer Legacy Science Program titled, the Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems (FEPS). Our proposed Spitzer observations will complete the detailed follow-up characterization of FEPS-identified debris systems that began with our previously approved GO2 program. In GO3 we seek to extend the GO2 program to include the 19 additional debris systems that have been identified in the FEPS survey since its completion after the GO2 deadline. The proposed 70 and 160 micron observations are crucial in order to compare dust from 30 - 100 AU in newly identified debris disk systems with evolutionary models of our own Kuiper Belt. Our ultimate goal, then, is to use these results to assess whether solar systems like our own are common or rare among sun-like stars in the disk of the Milky Way. Our enhanced spectral energy distributions, and the subsequent well constrained accompanying debris disk models, will further the FEPS science legacy by serving as templates for, and be complementary with, existing Spitzer data sets that have been acquired by other GTO and GO surveys of sun-like stars.

  4. Patient satisfaction with nurse-led telephone follow-up after curative treatment for breast cancer

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Current frequent follow-up after treatment for breast cancer does not meet its intended aims, but does depend on expensive and scarce specialized knowledge for routine history taking and physical examinations. The study described in this paper compared patient satisfaction with a reduced follow-up strategy, i.e. nurse-led telephone follow-up, to satisfaction with traditional hospital follow-up. Methods Patient satisfaction was assessed among patients (n = 299) who were participants of a randomized controlled trial investigating the cost-effectiveness of several follow-up strategies in the first year after treatment for breast cancer. Data on patient satisfaction were collected at baseline, three, six and 12 months after treatment, using the Dutch version of Ware's Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire III (PSQ III). In addition to general satisfaction, the PSQ III reports on satisfaction scores for technical competence, interpersonal aspects, and access of care. Regression analysis was used to predict satisfaction scores from whether or not nurse-led telephone follow-up was received. Results Nurse-led telephone follow-up had no statistically significant influence on general patient satisfaction (p = 0.379), satisfaction with technical competence (p = 0.249), and satisfaction with interpersonal aspects (p = 0.662). Regarding access of care, patient satisfaction scores were significantly higher for patients receiving telephone follow-up (p = 0.015). However, a mean difference at 12 months of 3.1 points was judged to be not clinically relevant. Conclusions No meaningful differences were found in satisfaction scores between nurse-led telephone and hospital follow-up in the first year after breast cancer treatment. With high satisfaction scores and the potential to substantially reduce clinic visits, nurse-led telephone follow-up may be an acceptable alternative to traditional hospital follow-up. Trial registration number ISRCTN 74071417. PMID:20429948

  5. Long-Term Follow-up Observation of the Safety, Immunogenicity, and Effectiveness of Gardasil™ in Adult Women

    PubMed Central

    Luna, Joaquin; Plata, Manuel; Gonzalez, Mauricio; Correa, Alfonso; Maldonado, Ivete; Nossa, Claudia; Radley, David; Vuocolo, Scott; Haupt, Richard M.; Saah, Alfred

    2013-01-01

    Background Previous analyses from a randomized trial in women aged 24–45 have shown the quadrivalent HPV vaccine to be efficacious in the prevention of infection, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and external genital lesions (EGL) related to HPV 6/11/16/18 through 4 years. In this report we present long term follow-up data on the efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine in adult women. Methods Follow-up data are from a study being conducted in 5 sites in Colombia designed to evaluate the long-term immunogenicity, effectiveness, and safety of the qHPV vaccine in women who were vaccinated at 24 to 45 years of age (in the original vaccine group during the base study [n?=?684]) or 29 to 50 years of age (in the original placebo group during the base study [n?=?651]). This analysis summarizes data collected as of the year 6 post-vaccination visit relative to day 1 of the base study (median follow-up of 6.26 years) from both the original base study and the Colombian follow-up. Results There were no cases of HPV 6/11/16/18-related CIN or EGL during the extended follow-up phase in the per-protocol population. Immunogenicity persists against vaccine-related HPV types, and no evidence of HPV type replacement has been observed. No new serious adverse experiences have been reported. Conclusions Vaccination with qHPV vaccine provides generally safe and effective protection from HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, and 18-related genital warts and cervical dysplasia through 6 years following administration to 24–45 year-old women. Trial Registration Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00090220 PMID:24391768

  6. What Happens in a 5-Year Follow-Up of Benign Thyroid Nodules

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    To determine an optimal time for follow-up of benign thyroid nodules, we retrospectively evaluated 249 euthyroid patients with uni-multinodular goiter, who underwent annual visit, and significant events that occurred in 5 years' time were registered. A significant event (appearance of new nodule, increase of nodule diameter >50%, appearance of compressive symptoms, thyroidectomy, repetition of FNA on the same nodule, and execution of FNA on new nodule) occurred in 26.1% of patients, with more than one event occurring in the same patient in 27.7% of cases. The majority of events (71.9%) were observed at 24- and 36-month follow-up visit. These results suggest that a patient diagnosed with benign nodular goiter may be safely followed-up at a 2-3-year interval time. PMID:25538855

  7. Prostate Cancer Follow-up Cohort

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Epidemiology and Genomics Research In NCI's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences Menu Search EGRP Site: EGRP Home About the Program Mission & Vision Organizational

  8. DISSS/PSDB - Personnel Security Database Modernization Project: Compilation of data gathered from DOE Operations Office`s site visits

    SciTech Connect

    Carpenter, R.; Sweeney, D.

    1995-03-15

    This document is a compilation of the information gathered from visits to the DOE Operations Offices. The purpose of these visits was to gather requirements for the modernization of the personnel security database. The initial phase of visits were to sites which had known local systems to augment CPCI. They were; Rocky Flats, Richland, Las Vegas, Savannah River, Oak Ridge, and Oakland. The second phase of site visits were to; Headquarters, Schenectady, Pittsburgh, Idaho Falls, Chicago, and Albuquerque. We also visited the NRC. At each site we reviewed the current clearance process in use at the field office. If the site had a local personnel security database (PSDB), we also reviewed the current PSDB processing. Each meeting was began with the a discussion on the purpose of the meeting and the background of the redesign effort.

  9. Timeliness of follow-up after abnormal screening mammography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karla Kerlikowske

    1996-01-01

    Summary Little information has been published concerning the timeliness of follow-up after abnormal mammography. This article presents data on follow-up after abnormal mammography, including differences in follow-up by age, race, mammographic interpretation, and type of tracking system. From unpublished data, the rate of timely follow-up 8 to 12 weeks after index abnormal mammography ranges from 69% to 99%. Women aged

  10. NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Follow-up questionnaire data set contains information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 402 follow-up questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The Follow-up Questionnaire specifically addressed the time ...

  11. Shillapoo Wildlife Area 2007 Follow-up HEP Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Ashley, Paul R.

    2008-03-01

    In April and May 2007 the Regional HEP Team (RHT) conducted a follow-up HEP analysis on the Egger (612 acres) and Herzog (210 acres) parcels located at the north end of the Shillapoo Wildlife Area. The Egger and Herzog parcels have been managed with Bonneville Power Administration funds since acquired in 1998 and 2001 respectively. Slightly more than 936 habitat units (936.47) or 1.14 HUs per acre was generated as an outcome of the 2007 follow-up HEP surveys. Results included 1.65 black-capped chickadee HUs, 280.57 great blue heron HUs, 581.45 Canada goose HUs, 40 mallard HUs, and 32.80 mink HUs. Introduction A follow-up Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) (USFWS 1980) analysis was conducted by the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority's (CBFWA) Regional HEP Team (RHT) during April and May 2007 to document changes in habitat quality and to determine the number of habitat units (HUs) to credit Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for providing operation and maintenance (O&M) funds since WDFW acquired the parcels. The 2007 follow-up HEP evaluation was limited to Shillapoo Wildlife Area (SWA) parcels purchased with Bonneville Power Administration funds. D. Budd (pers. comm.) reported WDFW purchased the 612 acre Egger Farms parcel on November 2, 1998 for $1,737,0001 and the 210 acre Herzog acquisition on June 21, 2001 for $500,000 with Memorandum of Agreement funds (BPA and WDFW 1996) as partial fulfillment of BPA's wildlife mitigation obligation for construction of Bonneville and John Day Dams (Rasmussen and Wright 1989). Anticipating the eventual acquisition of the Egger and Herzog properties, WDFW conducted HEP surveys on these lands in 1994 to determine the potential number of habitat units to be credited to BPA. As a result, HEP surveys and habitat unit calculations were completed as much as seven years prior to acquiring the sites. The term 'Shillapoo Wildlife Area' will be used to describe only the Herzog and Egger parcels in this document. Details and results of the HEP analysis are included in this report.

  12. The meaning of follow-up in intensive care: patients' perspective.

    PubMed

    Storli, Sissel L; Lind, Ranveig

    2009-03-01

    The growing understanding of correlations between experiences and memories from a period of intensive care treatment and complaints of mental character has led to the development of various patient follow-up offers. Little, however, is known about what follow-up may mean to patients. The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of patients' lived experience of being followed-up in a programme consisting of patient diaries, post-intensive care unit (ICU) conversations and visits back to the ICU. Field notes were made from encounters with patients (n = 10) during follow-up. Then they were interviewed twice, at about 6 months (n = 8) and at about 18 months (n = 6) after discharge from hospital. The first interview focused on the patients' experience during intensive care and on their reflections on the experience. The second interview had a particular focus on the meaning for each individual of the sources for understanding that they had been offered. The data was analysed by using a hermeneutic-phenomenological approach. The study corroborated earlier research that found that patients seek to understand experiences they have undergone. They search for meaning in experiences and memories. It is realized that the diary as text and photos, in addition to conveying care and love, is important to induce postexperience reflections. It provided guideposts that follow-up conversations could pursue in the patient's quest for meaning. The conversation also provided an opening for, and could in itself be essential to, the patient's willingness to talk about experiences. It allowed the nurse to accompany the patient in his quest for meaning. The return visit appeared to be significant in the patient's quest for meaning. It was via 'feeling' the room that 'things' fell into place. The study is important in elucidating aspects that are beneficial in the patient's follow-up and which lay the basis for further development of existing and new follow-up offers. PMID:19250451

  13. Does routine ultrasound change management in the follow-up of patients with vesicoureteral reflux?

    PubMed Central

    Rudzinski, Jan K.; Weber, Bryce; Wildgoose, Petra; Lorenzo, Armando; Bagli, Darius; Farhat, Walid; Harvey, Elizabeth; Salle, Joao Luiz Pippi

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) usually need a renal ultrasound (RUS). There is little data on the role of follow-up RUS in VUR. We evaluated the impact of follow-up RUS on the change in clinical management in patients with VUR. Methods: We prospectively analyzed children with a previous diagnosis of VUR seen in the outpatient clinic with a routine follow-up RUS within 4 months. Variables collected included: demographic data, VUR history, dysfunctional voiding symptoms and concurrent ultrasound findings. Change in management was defined as addition of new medication, nurse counselling, surgery or further investigations. Results: The study included 114 consecutive patients. The mean patient age was 4.5 years old, mean age of VUR diagnosis was 1.7 years, with average follow-up of 2.8 years. A change in management with stable RUS occurred in 14 patients, in which the change included ordering a DMSA in 9, nurse counselling for dysfunctional voiding in 3, and booking surgery in 2 patients. Change on RUS was seen in 4 patients. Multivariable analysis showed that history of urinary tract infection (UTI) since the last follow-up visit was more significant than RUS findings. Conclusions: The RUS findings in most patients followed for VUR remain stable or with minimal changes. The variable showing a significant effect on change in management in our study was history of UTI since the last follow-up visit rather than RUS findings. The value of follow-up RUS for children with VUR may need to be revisited. PMID:23914261

  14. The LCOGT near-Earth-object follow-up network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lister, T.

    2014-07-01

    Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) network is a planned homogeneous network that will eventually consist of over 35 telescopes at 6 locations in the northern and southern hemispheres [1]. This network is versatile and designed to respond rapidly to target of opportunity events and also to do long term monitoring of slowly changing astronomical phenomena. The global coverage of the network and the apertures of telescope available make the LCOGT network ideal for follow-up and characterization of a wide range of solar-system objects (e.g. asteroids, Kuiper-belt objects, comets) and in particular near-Earth objects (NEOs). There are 3 classes to the telescope resources: 2-meter aperture, 1-meter aperture and 0.4-meter aperture. We have been operating our two 2-meter telescopes since 2005 and began a specific program of NEO follow-up for the Pan-STARRS survey in October 2010. The combination of all-sky access, large aperture, rapid response, robotic operation and good site conditions allows us to provide time-critical follow-up astrometry and photometry on newly discovered objects and faint objects as they recede from the Earth, allowing the orbital arc to be extended and preventing loss of objects. These telescope resources have greatly increased as LCOGT has completed the first phase of the deployment, designated as ''Version 1.0'', with the installation, commissioning and ongoing operation of nine 1-meter telescopes. These are distributed among four sites with one 1-meter at McDonald Observatory (Texas), three telescopes at Cerro Tololo (Chile), three telescopes at SAAO (South Africa) and the final two telescope at Siding Spring Observatory (Australia). In addition to the 1-meter network, the scheduling and control system for the two 2-meter telescopes have been upgraded and unified with that of the 1-meter network to provide a coherent robotic telescopic network. The telescope network is now operating and observations are being executed remotely and robotically. I am using the LCOGT network to confirm newly detected NEO candidates produced by the major sky surveys such as Catalina Sky Survey (CSS) and Pan-STARRS (PS1) with additional targets coming from the NEOWISE satellite and the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF). Robotic observations of NEOs and other solar-system objects have been routinely carried out for several years on the 2-m and 1-m telescopes, with over 20,000 positional and magnitude measurements reported to the Minor Planet Center (MPC) in the last two years. We have developed software to automatically fetch candidates from Pan-STARRS and the MPC Confirmation Page, compute orbits and ephemerides, plan and schedule observations on the telescopes and retrieve the processed data [2]. The program is being expanded which will allow us to greatly increase the amount of survey discoveries that are followed-up, obtain accurate astrometry and provide important characterization data in the form of colors, lightcurves, rotation rates and spectra for NEOs. An increasing amount of time is being spent to obtain follow-up astrometry and photometry for radar-targeted objects in order to improve the orbits and determine the rotation periods. Priority for follow-up is now given to the fainter and most southern targets on the Confirmation Page, objects that are scheduled for Goldstone/Arecibo radar targeting and those objects which could become potential mission destinations for spacecraft. This will be extended to obtain more light curves of other NEOs which could be Near-Earth Object Human Space Flight Accessible Targets Study (NHATS) or Asteroid Retrieval Mission (ARM) targets. With the increase in time available from the LCOGT 1-meter network and commissioning of low-resolution spectrographs on the 2-meter telescopes for moving objects, this will produce a large advance in capabilities for NEO follow-up and characterization. This will produce an unprecedented network for NEO follow-up, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere where there is currently a shortage of suitable facilities. We will continue to develo

  15. Rationale and design of the health economics evaluation registry for remote follow-up: TARIFF

    PubMed Central

    Ricci, Renato P.; D'Onofrio, Antonio; Padeletti, Luigi; Sagone, Antonio; Vicentini, Alfredo; Vincenti, Antonio; Morichelli, Loredana; Cavallaro, Ciro; Ricciardi, Giuseppe; Lombardi, Leonida; Fusco, Antonio; Rovaris, Giovanni; Silvestri, Paolo; Guidotto, Tiziana; Pollastrelli, Annalisa; Santini, Massimo

    2012-01-01

    Aims The aims of the study are to develop a cost-minimization analysis from the hospital perspective and a cost-effectiveness analysis from the third payer standpoint, based on direct estimates of costs and QOL associated with remote follow-ups, using Merlin@home and Merlin.net, compared with standard ambulatory follow-ups, in the management of ICD and CRT-D recipients. Methods and results Remote monitoring systems can replace ambulatory follow-ups, sparing human and economic resources, and increasing patient safety. TARIFF is a prospective, controlled, observational study aimed at measuring the direct and indirect costs and quality of life (QOL) of all participants by a 1-year economic evaluation. A detailed set of hospitalized and ambulatory healthcare costs and losses of productivity that could be directly influenced by the different means of follow-ups will be collected. The study consists of two phases, each including 100 patients, to measure the economic resources consumed during the first phase, associated with standard ambulatory follow-ups, vs. the second phase, associated with remote follow-ups. Conclusion Remote monitoring systems enable caregivers to better ensure patient safety and the healthcare to limit costs. TARIFF will allow defining the economic value of remote ICD follow-ups for Italian hospitals, third payers, and patients. The TARIFF study, based on a cost-minimization analysis, directly comparing remote follow-up with standard ambulatory visits, will validate the cost effectiveness of the Merlin.net technology, and define a proper reimbursement schedule applicable for the Italian healthcare system. Trial registration: NCT01075516. PMID:22544910

  16. Factors associated with physician follow-up among patients with chest pain discharged from the emergency department

    PubMed Central

    Wong, Michael K.Y.; Wang, Julie T.; Czarnecki, Andrew; Koh, Maria; Tu, Jack V.; Schull, Michael J.; Wijeysundera, Harindra C.; Lau, Ching; Ko, Dennis T.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Many patients with chest pain do not receive follow-up from a physician after discharge from the emergency department despite significant survival benefit associated with follow-up care. Our objective was to evaluate factors associated with physician follow-up to understand this gap in practice. Methods: We conducted an observational study involving patients at high risk who were assessed for chest pain and discharged from an emergency department in Ontario between April 2004 and March 2010. We used multivariable logistic regression to determine the association of clinical and nonclinical characteristics with physician follow-up. Results: We identified 56 767 patients, of whom 25.1% did not receive any follow-up by a physician, 69.0% were seen by their primary care physician, and 17.3% were seen by a cardiologist within 30 days. Patients who had medical comorbidities and cardiac conditions such as myocardial infarction or heart failure were less likely to have follow-up. In contrast, a previous visit to a primary care physician was associated with the highest odds of having physician follow-up (odds ratio [OR] 6.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.91–7.01). Similarly, a previous visit to a cardiologist was strongly associated with follow-up by a cardiologist (OR 3.01, 95% CI 2.85–3.17). Patients evaluated in emergency departments with the highest tertile of chest pain volume were more likely to receive follow-up from any physician (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.31–1.77) and from a cardiologist (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.61–2.57). Interpretation: Nonclinical factors are strongly associated with physician follow-up for patients with chest pain after discharge from the emergency department. However, patients with comorbidities and at higher risk for future adverse events are less likely to receive follow-up care. PMID:25712950

  17. Dormaier and Chester Butte 2007 Follow-up Habitat Evaluation Procedures Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Ashley, Paul R.

    2008-01-01

    Follow-up habitat evaluation procedures (HEP) analyses were conducted on the Dormaier and Chester Butte wildlife mitigation sites in April 2007 to determine the number of additional habitat units to credit Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for providing funds to enhance, and maintain the project sites as partial mitigation for habitat losses associated with construction of Grand Coulee Dam. The Dormaier follow-up HEP survey generated 482.92 habitat units (HU) or 1.51 HUs per acre for an increase of 34.92 HUs over baseline credits. Likewise, 2,949.06 HUs (1.45 HUs/acre) were generated from the Chester Butte follow-up HEP analysis for an increase of 1,511.29 habitat units above baseline survey results. Combined, BPA will be credited with an additional 1,546.21 follow-up habitat units from the Dormaier and Chester Butte parcels.

  18. Follow-up after gastrectomy for cancer: Results of an international web round table

    PubMed Central

    Baiocchi, Gian Luca; Kodera, Yasuhiro; Marrelli, Daniele; Pacelli, Fabio; Morgagni, Paolo; Roviello, Franco; De Manzoni, Giovanni

    2014-01-01

    Oncological follow-up after radical gastrectomy for cancer still represents a discrepancy in the field, with many retrospective series demonstrating that early diagnosis of recurrence does not result in an improvement in patient survival; yet, many centers with high quality of care still provide routine patient follow-up after surgery by clinical and instrumental controls. This was the topic for a web round table entitled “Rationale and limits of oncological follow-up after gastrectomy for cancer” that was launched one year before the 10th International Gastric Cancer Congress. Authors having specific expertise were invited to comment on their previous publications to provide the subject for an open debate. During a three-month-long discussion, 32 authors from 12 countries participated, and 2299 people visited the dedicated web page. Substantial differences emerged between the participants: authors from Japan, South Korea, Italy, Brazil, Germany and France currently engage in instrumental follow-up, whereas authors from Eastern Europe, Peru and India do not, and British and American surgeons practice it in a rather limited manner or in the context of experimental studies. Although endoscopy is still considered useful by most authors, all the authors recognized that computed tomography scanning is the method of choice to detect recurrence; however, many limit follow-up to clinical and biochemical examinations, and acknowledge the lack of improved survival with early detection. PMID:25232232

  19. Radiological Follow-up of Pediatric Pneumonia: Principle and Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dhia Mahmood; George Vartzelis; Paula McQueen; Michael R. Perkin

    2007-01-01

    A study was undertaken to evaluate the trends in radiological follow up of childhood pneumonia among consultant pediatricians throughout the United Kingdom. A questionnaire was sent to 120 consultant pediatricians. Among the 88 respondents, 18% would carry out a repeat chest radiograph on follow-up of all their patients admitted with pneumonia, whereas 78% would perform the investigation selectively. Among the

  20. 38 CFR 41.315 - Audit findings follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Audit findings follow-up. 41.315 Section...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT...ORGANIZATIONS Auditees § 41.315 Audit findings follow-up. (a)...

  1. 29 CFR 99.315 - Audit findings follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Audit findings follow-up. 99.315 Section...Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT...ORGANIZATIONS Auditees § 99.315 Audit findings follow-up. (a)...

  2. 7 CFR 3052.315 - Audit findings follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audit findings follow-up. 3052.315 ...FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT...ORGANIZATIONS Auditees § 3052.315 Audit findings follow-up. (a)...

  3. NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Follow-up Questionnaire data set provides information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 774 Follow-up Questionnaires for 320 households. Medication and supplemental dietary information is provided. The Follow-u...

  4. Nurse led follow up and conventional medical follow up in management of patients with lung cancer: randomised trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sally Moore; Jessica Corner; Jo Haviland; Mary Wells; Emma Salmon; Charles Normand; Mike Brada; Mary O'Brien; Ian Smith; Royal Marsden

    2002-01-01

    Objective To assess the effectiveness of nurse led follow up in the management of patients with lung cancer. Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting Specialist cancer hospital and three cancer units in southeastern England. Participants 203 patients with lung cancer who had completed their initial treatment and were expected to survive for at least 3 months. Intervention Nurse led follow up

  5. West Foster Creek 2007 Follow-up Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashley; Paul R

    2008-01-01

    A follow-up habitat evaluation procedures (HEP) analysis was conducted on the West Foster Creek (Smith acquisition) wildlife mitigation site in May 2007 to determine the number of additional habitat units to credit Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for providing funds to enhance and maintain the project site as partial mitigation for habitat losses associated with construction of Grand Coulee Dam. The

  6. A delay differential equation model for dengue transmission with regular visits to a mosquito breeding site

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yaacob, Y.; Yeak, S. H.; Lim, R. S.; Soewono, E.

    2015-03-01

    Dengue disease has been known as one of widely transmitted vector-borne diseases which potentially affects millions of people throughout the world especially in tropical and sub-tropical countries. One of the main factors contributing in the complication of the transmission process is the mobility of people in which people may get infection in the places far from their home. Here we construct a delay differential equation model for dengue transmission in a closed population where regular visits of people to a mosquito breeding site out of their residency such as traditional market take place daily. Basic reproductive ratio of the system is obtained and depends on the ratio between the outgoing rates of susceptible human and infective human. It is shown that the increase of mobility with different variation of mobility rates may contribute to different level of basic reproductive ratio as well as different level of outbreaks.

  7. Timing of Discharge Follow-up for Acute Pulmonary Embolism: Retrospective Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Vinson, David R.; Ballard, Dustin W.; Huang, Jie; Rauchwerger, Adina S.; Reed, Mary E.; Mark, Dustin G.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Historically, emergency department (ED) patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) have been admitted for several days of inpatient care. Growing evidence suggests that selected ED patients with PE can be safely discharged home after a short length of stay. However, the optimal timing of follow up is unknown. We hypothesized that higher-risk patients with short length of stay (<24 hours from ED registration) would more commonly receive expedited follow up (?3 days). Methods This retrospective cohort study included adults treated for acute PE in six community EDs. We ascertained the PE Severity Index risk class (for 30-day mortality), facility length of stay, the first follow-up clinician encounter, unscheduled return ED visits ?3 days, 5-day PE-related readmissions, and 30-day all-cause mortality. Stratifying by risk class, we used multivariable analysis to examine age- and sex-adjusted associations between length of stay and expedited follow up. Results The mean age of our 175 patients was 63.2 (±16.8) years. Overall, 93.1% (n=163) of our cohort received follow up within one week of discharge. Fifty-six patients (32.0%) were sent home within 24 hours and 100 (57.1%) received expedited follow up, often by telephone (67/100). The short and longer length-of-stay groups were comparable in age and sex, but differed in rates of low-risk status (63% vs 37%; p<0.01) and expedited follow up (70% vs 51%; p=0.03). After adjustment, we found that short length of stay was independently associated with expedited follow up in higher-risk patients (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.5; 95% CI [1.0–11.8]; p=0.04), but not in low-risk patients (aOR 2.2; 95% CI [0.8–5.7]; p=0.11). Adverse outcomes were uncommon (<2%) and were not significantly different between the two length-of-stay groups. Conclusion Higher-risk patients with acute PE and short length of stay more commonly received expedited follow up in our community setting than other groups of patients. These practice patterns are associated with low rates of 30-day adverse events. PMID:25671009

  8. 10 CFR 1022.17 - Follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...PROVISIONS) COMPLIANCE WITH FLOODPLAIN AND WETLAND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Floodplain and Wetland Reviews § 1022.17 Follow-up...DOE actions taken in a floodplain or wetland, DOE shall verify that the...

  9. 10 CFR 1022.17 - Follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...PROVISIONS) COMPLIANCE WITH FLOODPLAIN AND WETLAND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Floodplain and Wetland Reviews § 1022.17 Follow-up...DOE actions taken in a floodplain or wetland, DOE shall verify that the...

  10. 10 CFR 1022.17 - Follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...PROVISIONS) COMPLIANCE WITH FLOODPLAIN AND WETLAND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Floodplain and Wetland Reviews § 1022.17 Follow-up...DOE actions taken in a floodplain or wetland, DOE shall verify that the...

  11. 10 CFR 1022.17 - Follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...PROVISIONS) COMPLIANCE WITH FLOODPLAIN AND WETLAND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Floodplain and Wetland Reviews § 1022.17 Follow-up...DOE actions taken in a floodplain or wetland, DOE shall verify that the...

  12. 10 CFR 1022.17 - Follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...PROVISIONS) COMPLIANCE WITH FLOODPLAIN AND WETLAND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Floodplain and Wetland Reviews § 1022.17 Follow-up...DOE actions taken in a floodplain or wetland, DOE shall verify that the...

  13. Short-Term Follow-Up of Narcotic Addicts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, June; Jabara, Raymond

    1974-01-01

    A follow-up questionnaire was mailed to 144 narcotic addict veterans approximately six months after termination from treatment at a multimodality drug program. It was found that 75 percent continued to use drugs, and 38 percent became readdicted. (Author)

  14. Go ahead, visit those web sites, you can`t get hurt, can you?

    SciTech Connect

    Rothfuss, J.S.; Parrett, J.W.

    1997-02-01

    Browsing (surfing) the World Wide Web (the web) has exploded onto the Internet with an unprecedented popularity. Fueled by massive acceptance, the web client/server technology is leaping forward with a speed that competes with no other software technology. The primary force behind this phenomenon is the simplicity of the web browsing experience. People who have never touched a computer before can now perform sophisticated network tasks with a simple point-and-click. Unfortunately, this simplicity gives many, if not most, web wanderers the impression that the web browser is risk free, nothing more than a high powered television. This misconception is dangerous by creating the myth that a user visiting a web site is immune from subversive or malicious intent. While many want you to believe that surfing the web is as simple as using any other household appliance, it is not like surfing television channels, it is bi-directional. You can learn a lot of useful information from web sites. But, either directly or indirectly, others can also learn quite a bit about you. Of even more concern is a web sites` potential ability to exert control over the local computer. This paper tries to consolidate some of the current concerns that you should consider as you jump into the surf.

  15. Prognosis in autism: A follow-up study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marian K. DeMyer; Sandra Barton; William E. DeMyer; James A. Norton; John Allen; Robert Steele

    1973-01-01

    A follow-up study involving 85 autistic boys and 35 girls, c. 5 1\\/2 years of age at initial evaluation and 12 years at follow-up, is presented and discussed in considerable detail. Measures, also applied to 26 non-psychotic subnormal controls, included speech, social, educational, and family adequacy ratings, IQ's, and neurological data. Most autistic children remained educationally retarded and 42% were

  16. Clinical follow-up of couples treated for sexual dysfunction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lyn A. De Amicis; Daniel C. Goldberg; Joseph LoPiccolo; Jerry Friedman; Larry Davies

    1985-01-01

    The present status of 38 couples who had been treated at a clinic for sexual dysfunction 3 years previously was determined by a self-report assessment battery. The battery consisted of the Sexual Interaction Inventory, the Locke-Wallace Marriage Inventory, and the Sexual History Form completed at pretreatment, immediately posttreatment, 3 months after treatment, and at 3-year follow-up. An additional Follow-up Questionnaire

  17. Research on the Follow-up Control for Gear Measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liu Wei; Zhao Jun

    2010-01-01

    A method of two-axle follow-up control for gear measurement was presented and applied to gear tooth profile and helix measurement in this paper. The tangential and axial movement of probe along the tooth surface was implemented by this method. The relationship of the parameters in gear measurement by the follow-up control method was analyzed. A system model for measuring gear

  18. Follow-up and Clinical Significance of Unsatisfactory Liquid-based Pap Tests

    PubMed Central

    Owens, Christopher L.; Buist, Diana SM; Peterson, Daniel; Kamineni, Aruna; Weinmann, Sheila; Ross, Tyler; Williams, Andrew E.; Stark, Azadeh; Adams, Kenneth F.; Doubeni, Chyke A.; Field, Terry S.

    2015-01-01

    Background Few studies have examined adherence to recommended guidelines for follow-up and outcomes after an unsatisfactory Pap test (UPT) with liquid-based technologies. Methods Within four US health plans median time to follow-up and percentage of patients with follow-up testing by 120 days was calculated following an UPT. Multivariable analyses evaluated the association of clinical factors on follow-up testing. We compared the risk of Cervical Intra-epithelial Neoplasia 2 or worse (CIN2+) diagnosis after UPT to risk after satisfactory Pap test while controlling for study site, test year, and other covariates. Results 634,644 Pap Tests between 2004 and 2010 were included in the study. Of 1,442 UPTs, 53.4% had follow-up testing within 120 days; follow-up differed across the health plans (P<.001); was higher with age <50 years old (57.2% vs. 48.8%, P=.01) and with positive Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) results (84.6% vs. 53.9, P<.01). CIN2+ risk was similar for both unsatisfactory and satisfactory Pap test. However, following an UPT, age <50 years, having no previous history of Pap testing, having a history of previous abnormal Pap test, and positive HPV status, were all risk factors for CIN2+; a positive HPV test was the strongest risk factor for development of CIN2+. Negative HPV test result was protective for CIN2+ diagnosis. Conclusions Various clinical factors associated with risk of CIN2+ appear to influence the receipt of follow-up after an UPT. HPV test results in UPTs might be used in follow-up strategies: specifically a negative test might reduce the urgency for repeat Pap testing. PMID:25346238

  19. How are those “lost to follow-up” patients really doing? A compliance comparison in arthroplasty patients

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Jung Keun; Geller, Jeffrey A; Jr, David A Patrick; Wang, Wenbao; Macaulay, William

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To determine whether there is a functional difference between patients who actively follow-up in the office (OFU) and those who are non-compliant with office follow-up visits (NFU). METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive group of 588 patients, who had undergone total joint arthroplasty (TJA), for compliance and functional outcomes at one to two years post-operatively. All patients were given verbal instructions by the primary surgeon to return at one year for routine follow-up visits. Patients that were compliant with the instructions at one year were placed in the OFU cohort, while those who were non-compliant were placed in the NFU cohort. Survey mailings and telephone interviews were utilized to obtain complete follow-up for the cohort. A ?2 test and an unpaired t test were used for comparison of baseline characteristics. Analysis of covariance was used to compare the mean clinical outcomes after controlling for confounding variables. RESULTS: Complete follow-up data was collected on 554 of the 588 total patients (93%), with 75.5% of patients assigned to the OFU cohort and 24.5% assigned to the NFU cohort. We found significant differences between the cohorts with the OFU group having a higher mean age (P = 0.026) and a greater proportion of females (P = 0.041). No significant differences were found in either the SF12 or WOMAC scores at baseline or at 12 mo postoperative. CONCLUSION: Patients who are compliant to routine follow-up visits at one to two years post-operation do not experience better patient reported outcomes than those that are non-compliant. Additionally, after TJA, older women are more likely to be compliant in following surgeon instructions with regard to follow-up office care. PMID:25621220

  20. Evaluating the 1969 LTI-TTT Site Visitation Procedure. Aperiodic Report: Trainers of Teacher Trainers (TTT) Evaluation. No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for Instructional Research and Curriculum Evaluation.

    This report describes the history of the total LTI-TTT (Leadership Training Institute--Trainers of Teacher Trainers) site visitation procedure, including how it affected various groups and how these groups reacted to it. The report begins by discussing the evaluator's concept of evaluation and proceeds to describe the background condition,…

  1. School Site Visits: What Can We Learn from Choice Schools in Milwaukee? SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation Report #34

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Thomas; Jacob, Anna M.; Jensen, Laura I.

    2012-01-01

    The School Site Visits study is part of the fifth series of annual reports produced by the School Choice Demonstration Project (SCDP). It describes some of the major challenges experienced and common practices demonstrated by thirteen (13) K-12 schools participating in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP). During the 2010-11 school year,…

  2. A Study of Program Management Procedures in the Campus-Based and Basic Grant Programs. Site Visit Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Richard, Ed.; Puma, Michael, Ed.

    Site visits to a sample of 173 colleges, universities, vocational-technical schools, and other postsecondary institutions--conducted to examine the procedures used to manage federal Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (BEOG) and campus-based student financial assistance programs--are summarized. This report deals only with the conduct of the…

  3. Posttreatment Follow-Up of Brucellosis by PCR Assay

    PubMed Central

    Morata, Pilar; Queipo-Ortuño, María Isabel; Reguera, José María; García-Ordoñez, Miguel Angel; Pichardo, Cristina; Colmenero, Juan de Dios

    1999-01-01

    In order to evaluate the usefulness of a peripheral blood PCR assay in the posttreatment follow-up of brucellosis, a cohort of 30 patients was studied by means of blood cultures, rose Bengal, seroagglutination, Coombs' antibrucella tests, and PCR assay at the time of diagnosis, at the end of treatment, and 2, 4, and 6 months later. Of the 29 patients whose PCR assays were initially positive, 28 (96.5%) were negative at the conclusion of the treatment. PCR was positive for the two patients who had relapses and negative for another four who had suspected but unconfirmed relapses. PCR was negative for 98.3% of the follow-up samples from those patients who had a favorable evolution. In conclusion, PCR appears to be a very useful technique, not only for the initial diagnosis of the disease, but also for posttreatment follow-up and the early detection of relapses. PMID:10565954

  4. Outpatient Follow-up and Secondary Prevention for Melanoma Patients

    PubMed Central

    Gamble, Ryan G.; Jensen, Daniel; Suarez, Andrea L.; Hanson, Anne H.; McLaughlin, Lauren; Duke, Jodi; Dellavalle, Robert P.

    2010-01-01

    Health care providers and their patients jointly participate in melanoma prevention, surveillance, diagnosis, and treatment. This paper reviews screening and follow-up strategies for patients who have been diagnosed with melanoma, based on current available evidence, and focuses on methods to assess disease recurrence and second primary occurrence. Secondary prevention, including the roles of behavioral modification and chemoprevention are also reviewed. The role of follow-up dermatologist consultation, with focused physical examinations complemented by dermatoscopy, reflectance confocal microscopy, and/or full-body mapping is discussed. Furthermore, we address the inclusion of routine imaging and laboratory assessment as components of follow-up and monitoring of advanced stage melanoma. The role of physicians in addressing the psychosocial stresses associated with a diagnosis of melanoma is reviewed. PMID:24281112

  5. Natural history of herpes zoster: late follow-up of 3.9 years (n=43) and 7.7 years (n=10).

    PubMed

    Reda, Haatem; Greene, Kaitlin; Rice, Frank L; Rowbotham, Michael C; Petersen, Karin L

    2013-10-01

    Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a common complication after herpes zoster (HZ). Subjects who completed a longitudinal observational 6-month study (4 visits) of the natural history of HZ were recontacted for 2 additional follow-up visits that included pain and sensory symptom assessment, quantitative sensory testing, capsaicin response test, and 3-mm punch skin biopsies in HZ-affected, mirror-image, and control skin sites. Forty-three subjects (14 with PHN at 6 months) of the original 94 subjects in the cohort were comprehensively assessed at a median 3.9 years after HZ onset (visit 5), and 10 subjects underwent a final assessment at a median 7.7 years after HZ onset (visit 6). At 3.9 years, none of the 29 subjects who had been pain free at 6 months had a recurrence of pain. Only 2 of the 14 subjects with PHN at 6 months still had pain at 3.9 years. One subject with PHN at 6 months was free of symptoms at 3.9 years but had very mild pain at 7.7 years. Sensory function continued on a path toward normalization, but was still abnormal in many subjects, especially those who met criteria for PHN at 6 months. Even at 7.7 years, reinnervation of HZ-affected skin was not apparent. PMID:23719573

  6. Linking Outdoor School with the Home Environment. A Follow-Up Resource Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Wallace H.; Gilfillan, Warren C.

    A source of ideas and direction for follow-up to the Multnomah County Outdoor School program, the guide identifies concepts generally common to all outdoor school sites from year to year: the water cycle; watershed; water as a habitat for plants and animals, an oxygen supplier, and a producer of usable power; sun energy; plants as producers and…

  7. ESUR guidelines: ovarian cancer staging and follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rosemarie Forstner; Evis Sala; Karen Kinkel; John A. Spencer

    2010-01-01

    Objective  To design clear guidelines for the staging and follow-up of patients with ovarian cancer, and to provide the radiologist with\\u000a a framework for use in multidisciplinary conferences.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Guidelines for ovarian cancer staging and follow-up were defined by the female imaging subcommittee of the ESUR (European\\u000a Society of Urogenital Radiology) based on the expert consensus of imaging protocols of 12 leading

  8. Observational follow-up study on a cohort of children with severe pneumonia after discharge from a day-care clinic in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

    PubMed

    Ashraf, Hasan; Alam, Nur H; Chisti, Mohammod J; Salam, Mohammed A; Ahmed, Tahmeed; Gyr, Niklaus

    2014-06-01

    Compliance, morbidity, mortality, and hospitalization during fortnightly follow-up were evaluated by an observational study on a cohort of children with severe and very severe pneumonia after day-care treatment at an urban clinic. The primary outcome measures were proportions of success (compliance) and failure (non-compliance) of follow-up visits at the day-care clinic. In total, 251 children were followed up, with median (IQR) age of 5.0 (3.0-9.0) months, and their compliance dropped from 92% at the first to 85% at the sixth visit. Cough (28%), fever (20%), and rapid breathing (13%) were common morbidities. Successful follow-up visits were possible in 180 (95.2%) and 56 (90.3%) of the children with severe and very severe pneumonia respectively. Eleven (4.4%) needed hospitalization, and four (1.6%) died. Majority (approximately 90%) of the children could be successfully followed up; some failed to attend their scheduled follow-up visits due to hospitalization and death. The common morbidities indicate the importance of follow-up for detecting medical problems and early treatment, thus reducing risk of death. PMID:25076656

  9. Sample Study Visit Follow-Up Log | accrualnet.cancer.gov

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to content The National Cancer Institute www.cancer.gov The National Institutes of Health AccrualNetTM STRATEGIES, TOOLS AND RESOURCES TO SUPPORT ACCRUAL TO CLINICAL TRIALS User menu Register Sign In Search form Search Main menu Protocol Accrual

  10. Long-term follow-up of echolalia and question answering.

    PubMed Central

    Foxx, R M; Faw, G D

    1990-01-01

    A long-term follow-up of echolalia and correct question answering was conducted for 6 subjects from three previously published studies. The follow-up periods ranged from 26 to 57 months. In a training site follow-up, subjects were exposed to baseline/posttraining conditions in which the original trainer and/or a novel person(s) presented trained and untrained questions. Four subjects displayed echolalia below baseline levels, and another did so in some assessments. Overall, echolalia was lower than in baseline in 80.6% of the follow-ups. Five subjects displayed correct responding above baseline levels. No clear differences were noted in correct responding or echolalia between the trainer and novel-person presentations or between trained and untrained questions. In a follow-up in a natural environment conducted by a novel person, lower than baseline levels of echolalia were displayed by 3 subjects; 2 subjects displayed lower than baseline levels in some assessments. Two subjects consistently displayed correct responding above baseline, and 3 did so occasionally. Issues related to the study of maintenance are discussed. PMID:2249974

  11. Loss to Follow-Up: Issues and Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Jeff; Munoz, Karen F.; Bradham, Tamala S.; Nelson, Lauri

    2011-01-01

    State coordinators of early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) programs completed a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, or SWOT, analysis that examined 12 areas within state EHDI programs. Related to how EHDI programs address loss to follow-up, 47 coordinators responded with 277 items, and themes were identified in each…

  12. Factors Associated with Adherence to Follow-up Colposcopy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Laura J.; Moorman, Patricia G.; Wordlaw-Stintson, Lashawn; Vidal, Adriana; Smith, Jennifer S.; Hoyo, Cathrine

    2013-01-01

    Background: Understanding the gaps in knowledge about human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, transmission, and health consequences and factors associated with the knowledge gap is an essential first step for the development of interventions to improve adherence to follow-up among women with abnormal Pap smears. Purpose: To examine the relationship…

  13. LONG TERM FOLLOW-UP OF BIRDSHOT CHORIORETINOPATHY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Background: To report the long term follow-up of a case of Birdshot Chorioretinopathy treated with ste- roids and cyclosporine during three years and fol- lowed for twenty years. Methods: The patient was monitored with Snellen visual acuity, slit lamp examination, perimetry, co- lour vision test, fluorescein angiography, electrore- tinogram (ERG) and electrooculogram (EOG). Results: The retinal alterations progressed despite minimization

  14. Mycetoma by Nocardia asteroides: a 9 year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Saraça, G D; Towersey, L; Hay, R J; Londero, A T; Martins, E de C; Amora, A T; Reis, K M; Mendonça, A M; Estrella, R R

    1993-01-01

    An extensive and severe actinomycetoma by Nocardia asteroides, a rare etiologic agent of this infection in Brazil, observed during a 9 year follow-up is reported. Unsuitable social and financial conditions led to amputation as the only possible solution for this case, no signs of infection relapse having been observed in three years after his surgery. PMID:8284606

  15. Employer Follow-Up Study: North Carolina Community College System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allred, Marcus D.; Wingfield, Julian C., Jr.

    A follow-up study was conducted by the North Carolina Department of Community Colleges in summer 1981 to obtain employer evaluations of the performance of occupational curriculum students who were enrolled in college in the 1979-80 school year, but did not return in 1980-81. Drawing from employment information obtained during the first statewide…

  16. Trident Technical College 1998 Graduate Follow-Up.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.

    Presents the results of South Carolina's Trident Technical College's (TTC's) 1998 graduate follow-up survey report of 915 TTC graduates. Graduates were surveyed and results were obtained for the following items: graduate goals, employment, placement rates, graduates in related fields, when job were obtained, job finding methods, job locations, job…

  17. Employer Follow-Up Survey, February-March 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Judith

    In February 1994, a study was conducted by Macomb Community College (MCC), in Michigan, to determine the extent to which the training received by MCC graduates met the needs of area employers. In conjunction with a follow-up study of MCC completers from 1992-93, respondents were requested to complete release of information forms for their…

  18. Follow-Up Survey, Graduates of 1992-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Judith

    As part of a program of graduate follow-up studies, Macomb Community College (MCC), in Michigan, regularly conducts surveys of graduates or certificate earners 1, 3, and 5 years after their departure from the college. In September 1993, surveys were mailed to 3,168 alumni from the class of 1992-93 requesting information on graduate…

  19. FOLLOW UP STUDY OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Follow-Up Study involves locating and interviewing a group of young adults who, as 10-year-old children, were included in the Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Study, an investigation of the prevalence and risk factors for developmental disabilities that was con...

  20. A case study: Follow-up assessment of facilitated communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elliott W. Simon; Patricia M. Whitehair; Donna M. Toll

    1996-01-01

    A 6-month follow-up of an individual reported to engage in validated facilitated communication (FC) is presented. Three main issues are addressed: the current status of the individual's FC use, the effect of food reinforcers on his communicative ability, and a comparison of FC to the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). Results indicated that the individual did not engage in any

  1. Follow-Up Report: 2005 Placements of 2004 NDUS Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Debra; Dunn, Eddie; Hillman, Mike; Morth, Tom; Schepp, Julie; Padilla, Gina

    2007-01-01

    Some of the questions most frequently asked of the North Dakota University System relate to the status of graduates and program completers of state educational institutions. Follow-up Information on North Dakota Education and Training (FINDET) is a consortium of several state agencies formed to provide answers to those questions. This report,…

  2. Student Perceptions of Educator Effectiveness: A Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sprinkle, Julie E.

    2009-01-01

    The current study investigates graduate student perceptions of educator effectiveness. This study is the follow-up to a pilot and instrument validation study conducted by the researcher. The findings of the previous study indicated student biases in areas such as gender, age, teaching style, learning style, grade awarded, and educator personality…

  3. Dynamic Assessment Practice: Some Suggestions for Ensuring Follow up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeomans, Jane

    2008-01-01

    This article examines tensions in Dynamic Assessment (DA) practice that relate ways in which its findings can be followed up and made accessible to school staff, by examining how process skill interventions can be implemented in the context of a content-focussed curriculum. It briefly outlines some of the theoretical and methodological…

  4. Follow-up imaging of ASASSN-13do (unconfirmed)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prieto, J. L.; Shappee, B. J.; Stanek, K. Z.; Kochanek, C. S.; Holoien, T. W.-S.; Jencson, J.; Basu, U.; Beacom, J. F.; Szczygiel, D.; Pojmanski, G.; Brimacombe, J.; Bersier, D.

    2013-12-01

    We obtained follow-up V-band images of ASASSN-13do (ATel #5694) on UT Dec. 27 with the LCOGT 1m telescope at McDonald Observatory. The source is undetected (V >~ 20 mag) and was most likely a false positive.

  5. Follow-Up Study on the Adjustment of ADHD Adolescence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wacks, Julie M.; Gilman, David Alan

    A follow-up investigation evaluated the adolescent outcomes of 10 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who had been treated 5 or more years earlier at a university school clinic with a multimodal treatment program called the Cognitive Academic Social Treatment program. The study hypothesized that adolescents and parents would…

  6. Trident Technical College 1999 Graduate Follow-Up Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.

    Presents the results of South Carolina's Trident Technical College's (TTC's) 1999 graduate follow-up survey report. Graduates were surveyed and results were obtained for the following items: graduate goals, employment, placement rates, graduates in related fields, when job obtained, job finding methods, job locations, job satisfaction, job…

  7. Analytical framework and tool kit for SEA follow-up

    SciTech Connect

    Nilsson, Mans [Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Kraeftriket 2B, SE 10691 Stockholm (Sweden)], E-mail: mans.nilsson@sei.se; Wiklund, Hans [Joenkoeping International Business School, Department of Political Science, PO Box 1036, SE 551 11 Joenkoeping (Sweden); Finnveden, Goeran; Jonsson, Daniel K. [Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Lundberg, Kristina [Royal Institute of Technology, Land and Water Resources Engineering, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Tyskeng, Sara [Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Wallgren, Oskar [Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Kraeftriket 2B, SE 10691 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2009-04-15

    Most Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) research and applications have so far neglected the ex post stages of the process, also called SEA follow-up. Tool kits and methodological frameworks for engaging effectively with SEA follow-up have been conspicuously missing. In particular, little has so far been learned from the much more mature evaluation literature although many aspects are similar. This paper provides an analytical framework and tool kit for SEA follow-up. It is based on insights and tools developed within programme evaluation and environmental systems analysis. It is also grounded in empirical studies into real planning and programming practices at the regional level, but should have relevance for SEA processes at all levels. The purpose of the framework is to promote a learning-oriented and integrated use of SEA follow-up in strategic decision making. It helps to identify appropriate tools and their use in the process, and to systematise the use of available data and knowledge across the planning organization and process. It distinguishes three stages in follow-up: scoping, analysis and learning, identifies the key functions and demonstrates the informational linkages to the strategic decision-making process. The associated tool kit includes specific analytical and deliberative tools. Many of these are applicable also ex ante, but are then used in a predictive mode rather than on the basis of real data. The analytical element of the framework is organized on the basis of programme theory and 'DPSIR' tools. The paper discusses three issues in the application of the framework: understanding the integration of organizations and knowledge; understanding planners' questions and analytical requirements; and understanding interests, incentives and reluctance to evaluate.

  8. The University of Wyoming GRB Afterglow Follow-Up Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savage, S. L.; Norris, J. P.; Kutyrev, A. S.; Pierce, M.; Canterna, R.

    2004-09-01

    As the Swift era approaches, the University of Wyoming in Laramie has been preparing its two observatories for a robust GRB afterglow follow-up program. The 2.3-m Wyoming Infrared Observatory (WIRO) - first of its kind in collecting power and mid-infrared optimization - is located on Jelm Mt. (2944-m elevation) in a semi-arid atmosphere, 40 km southwest of Laramie. On dry, cold winter nights, our estimates show that WIRO's sensitivity in the K-band is comparable to that of a 4-m telescope at Mauna Kea observatory in Hawaii. Three instruments are currently in use at the observatory: WIRO-Prime, WIRO-Spec, and the Goddard IR camera. WIRO-Prime is a 20482 prime-focus camera with a 20 arcmin diameter FOV (f/2.1). Its sensitivity for a 300-s exposure will reach as faint as 24th (23rd) magnitude in V (R). WIRO-Spec is an integral field, holographic spectrometer which utilizes Volume-Phase-Holographic gratings with a 20482 detector. A bundle of 293 fiber optical cables (1 fiber ~ 1 arcsec) connects the Cassegrain platform to the stationary spectrometer, optimizing the image by reduction from f/27 to f/9. At 20th magnitude, a 700-s exposure yields a S/N ratio of ~ 10 at a resolution of ~ 1 Angstrom, sufficient for resolving the MgII doublet [279.8 nm] in GRB host galaxies to determine a 0.4 < z < 2.5 for an operational wavelength range of ~ 400-1000 nm (WIRO-Prime and WIRO-Spec). The Goddard IR Camera is a 2562 InSb camera (FOV ~ 108 arcsec) mounted at Cassegrain and operated at 15K. Available filters for GRB observations include R, I, J, H, and K'. WIRO slew timescale (~ 120 s) is comparable to that of Swift. Red Buttes Observatory (RBO) is located 19 km south of Laramie in a dark site and houses a 0.6-m f/8 Cassegrain DFM reflector. RBO's Apogee AP8p 10242 camera (18 arcmin FOV, sufficiently large for BAT localizations) is available for use with filters U, B, V, R and I. We are in the final stages of implementing fully automated response to Swift BAT alerts at RBO, and expect an average acquisition timescale to random sky positions of ~ 25 s. Thus, rapid GRB detections by RBO can be forwarded to WIRO even while Swift's pointed instruments are performing first integrations.

  9. Motor development in children at risk of autism: a follow-up study of infant siblings.

    PubMed

    Leonard, Hayley C; Bedford, Rachael; Charman, Tony; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Johnson, Mark H; Hill, Elisabeth L

    2014-04-01

    Recently, evidence of poor or atypical motor skills in autism spectrum disorder has led some to argue that motor impairment is a core feature of the condition. The current study uses a longitudinal prospective design to assess the development of motor skills of 20 children at increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorder, who were recruited and tested at 9 and 40 months of age, on the basis of having an older sibling diagnosed with the condition. All children completed a range of motor, face processing, IQ and diagnostic assessments at a follow-up visit (aged 5-7 years), providing a detailed profile of development in this group from a number of standardised, parental report and experimental measures. A higher proportion of children than expected demonstrated motor difficulties at the follow-up visit and those highlighted by parental report as having poor motor skills as infants and toddlers were also more likely to have lower face processing scores and elevated autism-related social symptoms at 5-7 years, despite having similar IQ levels. These data lend support to the argument that early motor difficulties may be a risk factor for later motor impairment as well as differences in social communication and cognition, traits that are related to autism spectrum disorder. PMID:24101718

  10. Neurocysticercosis: HP10 Antigen Detection Is Useful for the Follow-up of the Severe Patients

    PubMed Central

    Fleury, Agnès; Garcia, Esperanza; Hernández, Marisela; Carrillo, Roger; Govezensky, Tzipe; Fragoso, Gladis; Sciutto, Edda; Harrison, Leslie J. S.; Parkhouse, R. Michael Evans

    2013-01-01

    Background The most severe clinical form of neurocysticercosis (NC) occurs when cysticerci are located in the subarachnoid space at the base of the brain (SaB). The diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of NC-SaB, constitutes a severe clinical challenge. Herein we evaluate the potential of the HP10 antigen detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (HP10 Ag-ELISA) in the long term follow-up of NC-SaB cases. Assay performance was compared with that of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). In addition, the robustness of the HP10 Ag-ELISA was evaluated independently at two different institutions. Methodology/Principal Findings A double-blind prospective cohort trial was conducted involving 38 NC-SaB cases and a total of 108 paired serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples taken at intervals of 4 to 8 months for up to 43 months. At each medical visit, results of sera and CSF HP10 Ag-ELISA and MRI obtained at last visit were compared and their accuracy was evaluated retrospectively, considering radiological evolution between appointments. In the long-term follow-up study, HP10 Ag-ELISA had a better agreement than MRI with retrospective radiological evaluation. High reproducibility of HP10 Ag-ELISA between laboratories was also demonstrated. Conclusions Results reported in this study establish for the first time the usefulness of the comparatively low cost HP10 Ag-ELISA for long term follow-up of NC-SaB patients. PMID:23505587

  11. Revisiting High School Visits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flagel, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    NACAC's anniversary is a great time to follow up on an article on high school visits, a topic of ongoing discussion in every admission and guidance office. The article highlights a variety of potential good outcomes that can be derived from collaborative interactions. Sadly, however, admission representatives are apt to be described by the…

  12. [Child health follow-up and the longitudinality of caring].

    PubMed

    de Mello, Débora Falleiros; Furtado, Maria Cândida de Carvalho; Fonseca, Luciana Mara Monti; Pina, Juliana Coelho

    2012-01-01

    This reflexive study aims to present, in the perspective of the philosophical hermeneutics, relevant elements for the follow-up of child health in primary health care. Child health is guided by the growth and development process in childhood, and it is essential to stimulate the production of statements, to know the choices and decisions taken, to strengthen virtues and daily experiences, contributing to improve care and perceive it in an integrative, contingent, wide and sufficiently good perspective. Child follow-up can be seen as a health care technology that does not presuppose a priori knowledge, but which refers to a reconstruction of knowledge and practices with new dimensions for the production of care. PMID:23258689

  13. An alternative conception of termination and follow-up.

    PubMed

    Schachter, Joseph; Kächele, Horst

    2013-06-01

    Traditional psychoanalytic theory prescribes total patient-analyst separation after termination to facilitate mourning the loss of the analyst. This paper provides a rationale derived from contemporary (especially relational/interpersonal) theory for an alternative conception of termination and follow-up based on the central role of the analyst as a real person involved in a mutually caring patient-analyst relationship. Patient-analyst follow-up may provide numerous positive benefits: The patient may reexperience the analyst's caring, may reinvigorate helpful introjections of the analyst, and may have additional opportunity to deal with unresolved idealization of the analyst. The analyst may learn about the patient's unpredictable, inevitable post-termination changes, positive and negative, and improve his or her understanding of the course and outcome of treatment. PMID:23638663

  14. Outcomes of Phenylketonuria with Relevance to Follow-Up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. J. van Spronsen; A. Bélanger-Quintana

    \\u000a Currently, there is no international consensus on how patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) (or milder forms of hyperphenylalaninaemia)\\u000a should be followed in clinical practice. Guidelines concerning the frequency and type of assessments that should be made according\\u000a to age usually focus on blood phenylalanine concentrations. A need exists for improved guidelines on how to do the follow-up\\u000a of individuals with PKU\\/milder

  15. Venous MR Angiography for Diagnosis and Follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. yogI; Clifford Bergman; Arno Villringer; Karl Einh; Joseph Lissner; Roland Felix

    OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the value of venous MR angiognaphy as the sole procedure for the diagnosis and follow-up of dural sinus thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Forty-two patients with clinical findings suggestive of dural sinus thrombosis were examined with venous MR angiography and spin-echo MR imaging. Maximum-intensity-projection reconstructions and individual sections of the MR angiograms

  16. Long-Term Follow-up Results of Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Tae Hoon; Lee, Jae Whan

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To assess the long-term follow-up results of laparoscopic pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Materials and Methods Sixty-five patients (mean age, 43.8 years) who underwent standard laparoscopic pyeloplasty by transperitoneal approaches were enrolled in this study. The chief complaint was flank pain (n=57 patients); the remaining cases were detected incidentally. Twenty-three patients had undergone previous abdominal surgeries, including open pyeloplasty and endopyelotomy. Mean stricture length was 1.06 cm. Grade 3/4 and 4/4 hydronephrosis was detected in 36 and 14 patients, respectively. An obstructive pattern was present on the renal scan in 53 patients (81.5%). Results Fifty-seven patients were treated with dismembered Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty and eight patients with Fenger pyeloplasty. During the operation, crossing vessels were found in 27 patients (41.5%). Mean operating time was 159.42 minutes. Although there were no cases of open conversion, two patients with colon and spleen injuries were detected postoperatively. The mean starting time of postoperative ambulation and diet was 1.54 days and 1.86 days, respectively. Mean hospital stay was 8.09 days. Mean follow-up period was 36.5 months. Follow-up intravenous pyelography and renal scan showed improvements in 59 patients, and the radiologic success rate was 90.8%. Eight patients showed failure on radiologic or symptomatic evaluation, and the overall success rate was 87.7%. In the comparative analysis between the success and failure groups, drained amount was the only risk factor related to failure (554.41 mL. vs. 947.70 mL, p=0.024). Conclusions Long-term follow-up results support laparoscopic pyeloplasty as the standard treatment for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Drained amount is a risk factor for failure of the operation. PMID:25324948

  17. Complications and Follow-up after Unprotected Carotid Artery Stenting

    SciTech Connect

    Hauth, Elke A.M. [University Hospital Essen, Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology (Germany)], E-mail: elke.hauth@uni-essen.de; Drescher, Robert; Jansen, Christian; Gissler, H. Martin [Klinikum Dortmund, Department of Radiology (Germany); Schwarz, Michael [Klinikum Dortmund, Department of Neurology (Germany); Forsting, Michael [University Hospital Essen, Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Jaeger, Horst J. [Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine, Marien-Hospital Wesel, Department of Radiology (Germany); Mathias, Klaus D. [Klinikum Dortmund, Department of Radiology (Germany)

    2006-08-15

    Purpose. This prospective study was undertaken to determine the success rate, complications, and outcome of carotid artery stenting (CAS) without the use of cerebral protection devices. Methods. During 12 months, 94 high-grade stenoses of the carotid artery in 91 consecutive patients were treated. Sixty-six (70%) of the stenoses were symptomatic and 28 (30%) were asymptomatic. Results. In all 94 carotid stenoses CAS was successfully performed. During the procedure and within the 30 days afterwards, there were 2 deaths and 3 major strokes in the 66 symptomatic patients, resulting in a combined death and stroke rate of 5 of 66 (7%). Only one of these complications, a major stroke, occurred during the procedure. In the 6-month follow-up, one additional major stroke occurred in a originally symptomatic patient resulting in a combined death and stroke rate of 6 of 66 (10%) for symptomatic patients at 6 months. No major complications occurred in asymptomatic patients during the procedure or in the 6-month follow-up period. At 6 months angiographic follow-up the restenosis rate with a degree of >50% was 3 of 49 (6%) and the rate with a degree of {>=}70% was 1 of 49 (2%). Conclusions. Cerebral embolization during CAS is not the only cause of the stroke and death rate associated with the procedure. The use of cerebral protection devices during the procedure may therefore not prevent all major complications following CAS.

  18. Profile and follow-up of patients with tuberculosis in a priority city in Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Pereira, Jisleny da Cruz; Silva, Marcio Roberto; da Costa, Ronaldo Rodrigues; Guimarães, Mark Drew Crosland; Leite, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the cases of tuberculosis and the impact of direct follow-up on the assessment of treatment outcomes. METHODS This open prospective cohort study evaluated 504 cases of tuberculosis reported in the Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN – Notifiable Diseases Information System) in Juiz de Fora, MG, Southeastern Brazil, between 2008 and 2009. The incidence of treatment outcomes was compared between a group of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis and directly followed up by monthly consultations during return visits (287) and a patient group for which the information was indirectly collected (217) through the city’s surveillance system. The Chi-square test was used to compare the percentages, with a significance level of 0.05. The relative risk (RR) was used to evaluate the differences in the incidence rate of each type of treatment outcome between the two groups. RESULTS Of the outcomes directly and indirectly evaluated, 18.5% and 3.2% corresponded to treatment default and 3.8% and 0.5% corresponded to treatment failure, respectively. The incidence of treatment default and failure was higher in the group with direct follow-up (p < 0.05) (RR = 5.72, 95%CI 2.65;12.34, and RR = 8.31, 95%CI 1.08;63.92, respectively). CONCLUSIONS A higher incidence of treatment default and failure was observed in the directly followed up group, and most of these cases were neglected by the disease reporting system. Therefore, effective measures are needed to improve the control of tuberculosis and data quality. PMID:25741659

  19. Controlled two year follow up of rehabilitation for disorders in the neck and shoulders.

    PubMed Central

    Ekberg, K; Björkqvist, B; Malm, P; Bjerre-Kiely, B; Axelson, O

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To evaluate the effects of an early, active, and multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for neck and shoulder disorders. METHODS--Primary health care and industrial health care of a nonrandomised, controlled, cohort was followed up over two years in a geographically defined area. The cohort consisted of working people who consulted a physician about disorders of the neck or shoulders from 1 August 1988 to 31 October 1989. Criteria for acceptance; not chronic symptoms, patients had sick leave of no more than four weeks. Disorders were not caused by trauma, infections, malignancy, rheumatic diseases, abuse, or pregnancy. 107 people qualified for the study, 87% were followed up for two years. They were divided into two groups. One group obtained active, multidisciplinary rehabilitation for eight weeks that comprised physical training, information, education, social interaction, and work place visits. Controls were given traditional treatment; physiotherapy, medication, rest, and sick leave. The main outcome measures were: average number of days of sick leave for the two years after rehabilitation, subjective pain on a visual analogue scale, and ratings on seven subscales of the sickness impact profile. RESULTS--At 12 and 24 months of follow up effects of the active rehabilitation programme did not differ from traditional treatment in any of the outcome measures. New work task (P < 0.05) or changed work place (P < 0.001) during the follow up period were associated with decreased sick leave, independent of treatment. CONCLUSIONS--Active, multidisciplinary rehabilitation of neck and shoulder disorders was not more effective than traditional treatment. Changed work conditions were associated with decreased sick leave, independent of type of treatment provided. PMID:7849868

  20. Small game water troughs in a Spanish agrarian pseudo steppe: visits and water site choice by wild fauna

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vicente R. Gaudioso Lacasa; Carlos Sánchez García-Abad; Raquel Prieto Martín; Daniel J. Bartolomé Rodríguez; José A. Pérez Garrido; Marta E. Alonso de La Varga

    2010-01-01

    This paper studies the visits of wild fauna, the influence of vegetal cover and fencing at water site election, and consumption\\u000a tendency in water troughs designed for small game species distributed in an agricultural Mediterranean area during the summers\\u000a from 2002 to 2005. Red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa), lagomorphs (Oryctolagus cuniculus, Lepus granatensis), and other autochthonous species (birds and wild canids)

  1. Mineral licks: motivational factors for visitation and accompanying disease risk at communal use sites of elk and deer.

    PubMed

    Lavelle, Michael J; Phillips, Gregory E; Fischer, Justin W; Burke, Patrick W; Seward, Nathan W; Stahl, Randal S; Nichols, Tracy A; Wunder, Bruce A; VerCauteren, Kurt C

    2014-12-01

    Free-ranging cervids acquire most of their essential minerals through forage consumption, though occasionally seek other sources to account for seasonal mineral deficiencies. Mineral sources occur as natural geological deposits (i.e., licks) or as anthropogenic mineral supplements. In both scenarios, these sources commonly serve as focal sites for visitation. We monitored 11 licks in Rocky Mountain National Park, north-central Colorado, using trail cameras to quantify daily visitation indices (DVI) and soil consumption indices (SCI) for Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) during summer 2006 and documented elk, mule deer, and moose (Alces alces) visiting licks. Additionally, soil samples were collected, and mineral concentrations were compared to discern levels that explain rates of visitation. Relationships between response variables; DVI and SCI, and explanatory variables; elevation class, moisture class, period of study, and concentrations of minerals were examined. We found that DVI and SCI were greatest at two wet, low-elevation licks exhibiting relatively high concentrations of manganese and sodium. Because cervids are known to seek Na from soils, we suggest our observed association of Mn with DVI and SCI was a likely consequence of deer and elk seeking supplemental dietary Na. Additionally, highly utilized licks such as these provide an area of concentrated cervid occupation and interaction, thus increasing risk for environmental transmission of infectious pathogens such as chronic wasting disease, which has been shown to be shed in the saliva, urine, and feces of infected cervids. PMID:24711146

  2. Root Resorption a 6-Year Follow-up Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Dias, Caroline; Closs, Luciane; Barletta, Fernando; Reston, Eduardo; Tovo, Maximiano F; Lambert, Paula

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the clinical course of a pediatric patient developing cervical external root resorption (CERR). An 11-year old male patient had sustained dental trauma and was diagnosed with crown fracture affecting the incisal and middle thirds of the maxillary right permanent central incisor and the maxillary right permanent lateral incisor with pulp exposure and CERR after 24 months. Diagnosis and treatment of CERR are a challenge for dental practitioners. In this case, preservation of natural dentition is shown as a successful treatment in a 6-year follow-up.

  3. Hybrid morphology radio sources - follow-up VLBA observations

    E-print Network

    Ceglowski, Maciej; Kunert-Bajraszewska, Magdalena

    2015-01-01

    Hybrid sources that present FR I - like jet on the one side of the radio core and FR II - like on the other are rare class of objects that may posses key to understanding the origin of FR division. We presents information connected with the new high resolution VLBA follow-up observations of 5 recently discovered hybrid sources. We believe that sources which exhibit two different morphologies at the opposite side of the radio core are FR II type objects evolving in non-uniform high-density environment.

  4. Heavy vehicle industry site visits: comments from companies and conclusions from technical committee

    Microsoft Academic Search

    McCallen

    1998-01-01

    This report documents the results of several visits with industry as part of the Department of Energy (DOE), office of Transportation Technology, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology, supported Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamics Project. The purpose of the DOE Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamics Project is to use government resources to bring the aerodynamic expertise available in government organizations and academia to bear in

  5. The Epping jaundice outbreak: a 24 year follow up.

    PubMed Central

    Hall, A J; Harrington, J M; Waterhouse, J A

    1992-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to trace 84 cases of jaundice that occurred following accidental ingestion of methylene dianiline (MDA) in Epping in 1965, and to look at long term health effects. DESIGN--The original case notes of the cases were used to identify the patients. Subsequent tracing procedures included local general practitioners, the Central NHS Registry, electoral rolls, and company records. SETTING--This was a community based survey. MAIN RESULTS--The health status of 68 (81%) of the group was established with 18 deaths. Of the 50 cases known to be alive, 58% completed a health questionnaire. The causes of death were unremarkable except for one case of carcinoma of the biliary tract. Two surviving cases had suffered retinal pathology. Four other surviving cases had had a further, perhaps unrelated, episode of jaundice. CONCLUSIONS--Although the dose and route of administration in the epidemic differed from occupational exposure, this follow up study a generation on provides little, if any, evidence of long term health sequelae. Nevertheless, in the absence of well documented exposure and health effects data, such accidental poisonings with proven animal carcinogens warrant long term follow up. The identified cohort will be the subject of further study. PMID:1431699

  6. Endometrial cancer. Prevention, detection, management, and follow up.

    PubMed Central

    Elit, L.

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To review risk factors for uterine cancer; to discuss strategies for detecting uterine cancer; to outline prognostic factors and treatment; and to review the role of follow up for patients who have completed primary therapy. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: MEDLINE was searched from January 1996 to June 1998 using the terms endometrial neoplasms, estrogen replacement therapy, hormone replacement therapy, tamoxifen, and screening. Only English language articles were reviewed. Study types included reviews. Bibliographies of articles found were searched for further relevant titles. Causation literature is available from well conducted cohort trials. Treatment recommendations are based in part on prognostic information and a few randomized controlled trials. MAIN MESSAGE: Risk factors, both intrinsic and extrinsic, are associated with uterine cancer. Family physicians have a role in preventing disease by ensuring that all women with uteri in situ using hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have progesterone therapy as part of the HRT regimen. Detection is crucial; abnormal uterine bleeding or undiagnosed postmenopausal bleeding warrants investigation with endometrial biopsy. The goal of surgery is to remove the uterus and ovaries and identify factors that make the disease at high risk of recurrence. Although adjuvant radiation therapy does not prolong survival, it does alter the pattern of disease recurrence. The goal of follow up after primary therapy is to identify recurrent disease while it is still curable. CONCLUSIONS: Family physicians play an important role in preventing uterine cancer, initiating early diagnosis of disease, and in the future, might be more actively involved in caring for patients following primary therapy. PMID:10790821

  7. Gastric and Duodenal Stents: Follow-Up and Complications

    SciTech Connect

    Pinto Pabon, Isabel Teresa; Paul Diaz, Laura [Vascular and Interventional Radiology Department, Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Ctra de Toledo km. 12500, E-28905 Getafe, Madrid (Spain); Ruiz de Adana, Juan Carlos; Lopez Herrero, Julio [Digestive Surgery Department, Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Ctra de Toledo km. 12500, E-28905 Getafe, Madrid (Spain)

    2001-05-15

    Purpose: To assess the efficacy of self-expanding metallic stents in treating inoperable gastric and duodenal stenoses during follow-up and to evaluate the complications encountered.Methods: A total of 31 patients suffering from gastroduodenal obstruction (29 malignant, 2 benign) were treated with a self-expanding metallic stent (Wallstent). In 24 cases insertion was by the peroral route, in seven cases via gastrostomy.Results: All the strictures were successfully negotiated under fluoroscopic guidance without having to resort to endoscopy. A total of 27 patients (87%) were able to resume a regular diet, a soft diet, or a liquid diet orally. Complications included one case of stent malpositioning, one case of leakage of ascitic fluid through the gastrostomy orifice, one case of perforation and fistula to the biliary tree, and two cases of hematemesis. In two patients (6%) additional stents were implanted to improve patency. In all patients follow-up was maintained until death. Recurrence of symptoms immediately before death occurred in seven cases (23%). Mean survival time of patients was 13.3 weeks (SE {+-} 4.6).Conclusions: The deployment of gastroduodenal stents resulted in good palliation of inoperable gastric and duodenal stenoses. Certain technical aspects, e.g., adaptation of stents to bowel morphology, is critical to proper stent function and avoidance of complications.

  8. Long-term follow-up of atomic bomb survivors.

    PubMed

    Sakata, Ritsu; Grant, Eric J; Ozasa, Kotaro

    2012-06-01

    The Life Span Study (LSS) is a follow-up study of atomic bomb (A-bomb) survivors to investigate the radiation effects on human health and has collected data for over 60 years. The LSS cohort consists of 93,741 A-bomb survivors and another 26,580 age and sex-matched subjects who were not in either city at the time of the bombing. Radiation doses have been computed based on individual location and shielding status at the time of the bombings. Age at death and cause of death are gathered through the Japanese national family registry system and cancer incidence data have been collected through the Hiroshima and Nagasaki cancer registries. Noncancer disease incidence and health information are collected through biannual medical examinations among a subset of the LSS. Radiation significantly increases the risks of death (22% at 1 Gy), cancer incidence (47% at 1 Gy), death due to leukemia (310% at 1 Gy), as well as the incidence of several noncancer diseases (e.g. thyroid nodules, chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, uterine myoma, and hypertension). Significant effects on maturity (e.g. growth reduction and early menopause) were also observed. Long-term follow-up studies of the A-bomb survivors have provided reliable information on health risks for the survivors and form the basis for radiation protection standards for workers and the public. PMID:22440534

  9. Serial extraction: 20 years of follow-up

    PubMed Central

    de ALMEIDA, Renato Rodrigues; de ALMEIDA, Marcio Rodrigues; OLTRAMARI-NAVARRO, Paula Vanessa Pedron; CONTI, Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira; NAVARRO, Ricardo de Lima; de SOUZA, Karen Regina Siqueira

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports a case treated by a serial extraction program at the mixed dentition stage followed by a corrective orthodontic treatment, with a long-term follow-up period. Twenty years after the interceptive treatment, a harmonious face was observed along with treatment stability in the anterior posterior direction, deep overbite (which has been mentioned as a disadvantage of the serial extraction program), and a small relapse of anterior tooth crowding. All these conditions have been regarded as normal occurrences for most orthodontic treatments with a long-term follow-up period. This case report demonstrated that the establishment of a serial extraction protocol determined relevant esthetic changes that afforded an improvement of the patient's self-esteem, with a positive social impact. Furthermore, the low cost of this protocol permits the use of this therapy with underprivileged populations. It is important to emphasize that an early correction of tooth crowding by this protocol does not guarantee stability, but small relapses do not invalidate its accomplishment. PMID:23032213

  10. Serial extraction: 20 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Almeida, Renato Rodrigues de; Almeida, Marcio Rodrigues de; Oltramari-Navarro, Paula Vanessa Pedron; Conti, Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira; Navarro, Ricardo de Lima; Souza, Karen Regina Siqueira de

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports a case treated by a serial extraction program at the mixed dentition stage followed by a corrective orthodontic treatment, with a long-term follow-up period. Twenty years after the interceptive treatment, a harmonious face was observed along with treatment stability in the anterior posterior direction, deep overbite (which has been mentioned as a disadvantage of the serial extraction program), and a small relapse of anterior tooth crowding. All these conditions have been regarded as normal occurrences for most orthodontic treatments with a long-term follow-up period. This case report demonstrated that the establishment of a serial extraction protocol determined relevant esthetic changes that afforded an improvement of the patient's self-esteem, with a positive social impact. Furthermore, the low cost of this protocol permits the use of this therapy with underprivileged populations. It is important to emphasize that an early correction of tooth crowding by this protocol does not guarantee stability, but small relapses do not invalidate its accomplishment. PMID:23032213

  11. Long-term follow-up of endoscopic stapled diverticulotomy.

    PubMed Central

    Counter, P. R.; Hilton, M. L.; Baldwin, D. L.

    2002-01-01

    We report a consecutive series of 31 patients who underwent endoscopic stapled diverticulotomy. The patients' notes were reviewed retrospectively to gather data on their original admission and a postal survey was conducted to establish patient satisfaction, their ability to swallow and re-operation data. Three patients were lost to follow-up. Nine of the remaining 28 died at a median of 18 months. The remaining 21 were followed up for a median of 59 months. The data showed that, at 5 years, 94.4% of patients had an improvement in their swallowing, and 50% had an entirely normal swallow. In order to achieve this result, 19% of patients required a second procedure, and one patient (3.2%) required a third (open) procedure. Endoscopic stapled diverticulotomy has well-established, short-term advantages. This series shows that it has a good long-term outcome that is similar to established open techniques and probably better than other techniques of endoscopic diverticulotomy, i.e. diathermy or laser. PMID:11995771

  12. Scoliosis follow-up using noninvasive trunk surface acquisition.

    PubMed

    Adankon, Mathias M; Chihab, Najat; Dansereau, Jean; Labelle, Hubert; Cheriet, Farida

    2013-08-01

    Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a musculoskeletal pathology. It is a complex spinal curvature in a 3-D space that also affects the appearance of the trunk. The clinical follow-up of AIS is decisive for its management. Currently, the Cobb angle, which is measured from full spine radiography, is the most common indicator of the scoliosis progression. However, cumulative exposure to X-rays radiation increases the risk for certain cancers. Thus, a noninvasive method for the identification of the scoliosis progression from trunk shape analysis would be helpful. In this study, a statistical model is built from a set of healthy subjects using independent component analysis and genetic algorithm. Based on this model, a representation of each scoliotic trunk from a set of AIS patients is computed and the difference between two successive acquisitions is used to determine if the scoliosis has progressed or not. This study was conducted on 58 subjects comprising 28 healthy subjects and 30 AIS patients who had trunk surface acquisitions in upright standing posture. The model detects 93% of the progressive cases and 80% of the nonprogressive cases. Thus, the rate of false negatives, representing the proportion of undetected progressions, is very low, only 7%. This study shows that it is possible to perform a scoliotic patient's follow-up using 3-D trunk image analysis, which is based on a noninvasive acquisition technique. PMID:23508244

  13. Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome: A 13-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Guerrero-González, Guillermo Antonio; Martínez-Cabriales, Sylvia Aideé; Hernández-Juárez, Aideé Alejandra; de Jesús Lugo-Trampe, José; Espinoza-González, Nelly Alejandra; Gómez-Flores, Minerva; Ocampo-Candiani, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder presenting with poikiloderma and other clinical features, affecting the bones and eyes and, in type II RTS, presenting an increased risk for malignancy. With about 300 cases reported so far, we present a 13-year follow-up including clinical images, X-rays and genetic analysis. A 13-month-old female started with a facial rash with blisters on her cheeks and limbs at the age of 3 months along with congenital hypoplastic thumbs, frontal bossing and fine hair, eyebrows and eyelashes. The patient was lost to follow-up and returned 12 years later with palmoplantar hyperkeratotic lesions, short stature, disseminated poikiloderma and sparse scalp hair, with absence of eyelashes and eyebrows. Radiographic analysis showed radial ray defect, absence of the thumb and three wrist carpal bones, and reduced bone density. Gene sequencing for the RECQL4 helicase gene revealed a mutation on each allele. RTS is a rare disease, and in this patient we observed the evolution of her skin lesions and other clinical features, which were important for the classification of type II RTS. The next years will provide even more information on this rare disease. PMID:25120469

  14. Percutaneous closure of secundum type atrial septal defects: More than 5-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Snijder, Roel JR; Suttorp, Maarten J; Berg, Jurriën M Ten; Post, Martijn C

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate long-term efficacy of two different devices more than five years after percutaneous atrial septal defect (ASD) closure in adults. METHODS: All patients who underwent percutaneous closure of an ASD in the St. Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands, between February 1998 and December 2006 were included. Percutaneous closure took place under general anaesthesia and transesophageal echocardiographic monitoring. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed 24 h post-procedure to visualize the device position and to look for residual shunting using color Doppler. All complications were registered. All patients were invited for an outpatient visit and contrast TTE more than 5-years after closure. Efficacy was based on the presence of a residual right-to-left shunt (RLS), graded as minimal, moderate or severe. The presence of a residual left-to-right shunt (LRS) was diagnosed using color Doppler, and was not graded. Descriptive statistics were used for patients’ characteristics. Univariate analysis was used to identify predictors for residual shunting. RESULTS: In total, 104 patients (mean age 45.5 ± 17.1 years) underwent percutaneous ASD closure using an Amplatzer device (ASO) in 76 patients and a Cardioseal/Starflex device (CS/SF) in 28 patients. The mean follow-up was 6.4 ± 3.4 years. Device migration occurred in 4 patients of whom two cases occurred during the index hospitalization (1 ASO, 1 CS/SF). The other 2 cases of device migration occurred during the first 6 mo of follow-up (2 CS/SF). The recurrent thrombo-embolic event rate was similar in both groups: 0.4% per follow-up year. More than 12 mo post-ASD closure and latest follow-up, new-onset supraventricular tachyarrhythmia’s occurred in 3.9% and 0% for the ASO and CS/SF group, respectively. The RLS rate at latest follow-up was 17.4% (minimal 10.9%, moderate 2.2%, severe 4.3%) and 45.5% (minimal 27.3%, moderate 18.2%, severe 0%) for the ASO- and CS/SF groups, respectively. There was no residual LRS in both groups. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous ASD closure has good long-term safety and efficacy profiles. The residual RLS rate seems to be high more than 5 years after closure, especially in the CS/SF. Residual LRS was not observed. PMID:25810815

  15. Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Pitton, Michael B., E-mail: pitton@radiologie.klinik.uni-mainz.de; Scheschkowski, Tobias; Ring, Markus; Herber, Sascha; Oberholzer, Katja; Leicher-Dueber, Annegret [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Neufang, Achim; Schmiedt, Walther [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (Germany); Dueber, Christoph [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2009-09-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 {+-} 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 {+-} 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 {+-} 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 {+-} 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P < 0.01). Patients in whom all aneurysm side branches were occluded prior to stent-grafting showed a significantly reduced incidence of large endoleaks. Endoleaks >10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks ({Delta} at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts demonstrated encouraging long-term results with moderate secondary intervention rates. Primary occlusion of all aortic side branches reduced the incidence of large endoleaks. Large endoleaks significantly impaired aneurysm shrinkage, whereas small endoleaks did not.

  16. Closing the Feedback Loop: An Interactive Voice Response System to Provide Follow-up and Feedback in Primary Care Settings

    PubMed Central

    Willig, James H.; Krawitz, Marc; Panjamapirom, Anantachai; Ray, Midge N.; Nevin, Christa R.; English, Thomas M.; Cohen, Mark P.; Berner, Eta S.

    2013-01-01

    In primary care settings, follow-up regarding the outcome of acute outpatient visits is largely absent. We sought to develop an automated interactive voice response system (IVRS) for patient follow-up with feedback to providers capable of interfacing with multiple pre-existing electronic medical records (EMRs). A system was designed to extract data from EMRs, integrate with the IVRS, call patients for follow-up, and provide a feedback report to providers. Challenges during the development process were analyzed and summarized. The components of the technological solution and details of its implementation are reported. Lessons learned include: (1) Modular utilization of system components is often needed to adapt to specific clinic workflow and patient population needs (2) Understanding the local telephony environment greatly impacts development and is critical to success, and (3) Ample time for development of the IVRS questionnaire (mapping all branching paths) and speech recognition tuning (sensitivity, use of barge-in tuning, use of “known voice”) is needed. With proper attention to design and development, modular follow-up and feedback systems can be integrated into existing EMR systems providing the benefits of IVRS follow-up to patients and providers across diverse practice settings. PMID:23340825

  17. West Foster Creek 2007 Follow-up Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Ashley, Paul R.

    2008-02-01

    A follow-up habitat evaluation procedures (HEP) analysis was conducted on the West Foster Creek (Smith acquisition) wildlife mitigation site in May 2007 to determine the number of additional habitat units to credit Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for providing funds to enhance and maintain the project site as partial mitigation for habitat losses associated with construction of Grand Coulee Dam. The West Foster Creek 2007 follow-up HEP survey generated 2,981.96 habitat units (HU) or 1.51 HUs per acre for a 34% increase (+751.34 HUs) above baseline HU credit (the 1999 baseline HEP survey generated 2,230.62 habitat units or 1.13 HUs per acre). The 2007 follow-up HEP analysis yielded 1,380.26 sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus) habitat units, 879.40 mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) HUs, and 722.29 western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) habitat units. Mule deer and sharp-tailed grouse habitat units increased by 346.42 HUs and 470.62 HUs respectively over baseline (1999) survey results due largely to cessation of livestock grazing and subsequent passive restoration. In contrast, the western meadowlark generated slightly fewer habitat units in 2007 (-67.31) than in 1999, because of increased shrub cover, which lowers habitat suitability for that species.

  18. REVERSE 5-year follow up: CRT impact persists

    PubMed Central

    ElMaghawry, Mohamed; Farouk, Mahmoud

    2014-01-01

    The role of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients presenting with mild manifestations of heart failure (HF), depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LV EF), and wide QRS complex, has been addressed in four previous trials: MIRACLE ICD II,1 MADIT-CRT,2 RAFT,3 and REVERSE.4 The consistent observed benefits in reverse cardiac remodelling and reduction of heart failure adverse events have resulted in guideline recommendations for CRT in NYHA Class II patients. The guidelines also recommend further studies to determine whether survival is increased by CRT in patients with mild symptoms. The 5-year analysis of the REsynchronization reVErses Remodeling Systolic left vEntricular (REVERSE) trial, which was designed prospectively for 5-year follow-up to specifically assess the long term benefits of CRT, were recently published in the European Heart Journal.5

  19. [Neuromuscular disease: respiratory clinical assessment and follow-up].

    PubMed

    Martínez Carrasco, C; Villa Asensi, J R; Luna Paredes, M C; Osona Rodríguez de Torres, F B; Peña Zarza, J A; Larramona Carrera, H; Costa Colomer, J

    2014-10-01

    Patients with neuromuscular disease are an important group at risk of frequently suffering acute or chronic respiratory failure, which is their main cause of death. They require follow-up by a pediatric respiratory medicine specialist from birth or diagnosis in order to confirm the diagnosis and treat any respiratory complications within a multidisciplinary context. The ventilatory support and the cough assistance have improved the quality of life and long-term survival for many of these patients. In this paper, the authors review the pathophysiology, respiratory function evaluation, sleep disorders, and the most frequent respiratory complications in neuromuscular diseases. The various treatments used, from a respiratory medicine point of view, will be analyzed in a next paper. PMID:24709048

  20. Long term follow up of persistent hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia of infancy

    PubMed Central

    Cresto, J; Abdenur, J; Bergada, I; Martino, R

    1998-01-01

    Twenty six children with hypoglycaemia were diagnosed and followed between 1975 and 1995. Diagnosis was confirmed by a high insulin:glucose ratio, and low free fatty acid and 3-hydroxybutyrate on fasting. All patients were treated with diazoxide at a maximum dose of 20 mg/kg/day. Requirement of a higher dose was considered as a failure of medical treatment and an indication for surgery. Sixteen children responded to diazoxide; 10 failed to respond and underwent pancreatic resection. Six of the latter group started with symptoms in the neonatal period. Eleven of the 26 children have neurological sequelae. Head growth and neurological outcome correlated well. Additionally, non-specific electroencephalogram abnormalities (slow waves) appear to be indicative of subclinical hypoglycaemia during follow up.?? PMID:10193260

  1. Radial velocity follow-up of PLATO transiting candidates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouchy, F.; Udry, S.; Moutou, C.; Bonfils, X.; Guenther, E. W.; Diaz, R.; Forveille, T.; Hébrard, G.; Pepe, F.; Santerne, A.; Ségransan, D.

    2011-10-01

    PLATO is a proposed ESA mission devoted to better understand the properties of exoplanetary systems. As such it will detect and characterise exoplanets using their transit signature in front of a large sample of bright stars and simultaneously measuring the seismic oscillations of the parent star of these exoplanets. An intensive effort of ground-based observations are required to complement the observations made by PLATO to allow for further exoplanetary characterization. Here we present some elements about the strategy and organization of the ground-based radial velocity follow-up of PLATO transiting candidates to establish the nature of the transit events and to characterize their masses from earth-like planets to brown-dwarfs.

  2. Long-term follow-up of mitomycin C nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Motoo, Y; Sawabu, N; Ikeda, K; Takemori, Y; Ohta, H; Okai, T; Yokoyama, H

    1994-03-01

    Two cases of mitomycin C nephropathy, which occurred after postoperative chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer, were followed up for 6 (case 1) and 10 years (case 2). Hemolytic uremic syndrome developed 68 days (case 1) and 160 days (case 2) after the last administration of MMC with a total dose of 60 mg (case 1) and 40 mg (case 2). Serum creatinine levels were normalized in case 1 and they remained at about 2 mg/dl in case 2. Hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism was transiently seen in case 2. These data suggest that recovery from the acute phase of hemolytic uremic syndrome leads to a good long-term prognosis in MMC nephropathy. PMID:8061399

  3. SWIFT/XRT follow-up observations of INTEGRAL AGNs

    E-print Network

    R. Landi; A. Malizia; L. Bassani; N. Masetti; J. B. Stephen; F. Gianotti; F. Schiavone; A. Bazzano; P. Ubertini; A. J. Bird; A. J. Dean; R. Walter

    2006-10-12

    In five years of operation, data from INTEGRAL has been used to discover a large number of gamma-ray sources, a substantial fraction of which have turned out to be active galactic nuclei (AGN). Recently Bassani et al. (2006) have presented a sample of around 60 AGNs of which some still lack optical identification or information in the X-ray band. In this work we present X-ray data for 8 objects acquired with the XRT telescope on-board Swift satellite. The XRT positioning has allowed us to identify the optical counterparts and to classify their types through follow-up measurements. Analysis of these data has also provided information on their spectra below 10 keV.

  4. SWIFT/XRT follow-up observations of INTEGRAL AGNs

    E-print Network

    Landi, R; Bassani, L; Masetti, N; Stephen, J B; Gianotti, F; Schiavone, F; Bazzano, A; Ubertini, P; Bird, A J; Dean, A J; Walter, R

    2006-01-01

    In five years of operation, data from INTEGRAL has been used to discover a large number of gamma-ray sources, a substantial fraction of which have turned out to be active galactic nuclei (AGN). Recently Bassani et al. (2006) have presented a sample of around 60 AGNs of which some still lack optical identification or information in the X-ray band. In this work we present X-ray data for 8 objects acquired with the XRT telescope on-board Swift satellite. The XRT positioning has allowed us to identify the optical counterparts and to classify their types through follow-up measurements. Analysis of these data has also provided information on their spectra below 10 keV.

  5. [Long term follow-up after chilhood cancer].

    PubMed

    Plantaz, Dominique; Tabone, Marie-Dominique; Berger, Claire; Poirée, Maryline; Ducassou, Stéphane; Michel, Gérard

    2014-11-01

    Five year survival rates among childhood cancer rose to 80%. Relapses are rare after five years of remission. Long term follow-up should also detect treatment related late adverse effects. Repeated cardiac evaluations are necessary, due to cumulative dose dependent cardiotoxicity of anthracycline. Endocrinological disorders and problems of fertility are mainly related to radiotherapy or high dose chemotherapy. Bone mineral density can be altered. Cognitive function, academic level and social outcome of irradiated patients and patients treated for cerebral tumors should be closely assessed and helped. Second neoplasms related to previous treatments may occur. One of the major on going treatment objective is to preserve the quality of life of cured patients, and to improve their information in the framework of a shared-care model involving the general practionner, the adult medicine specialists and the oncologic pediatric centre. PMID:25638871

  6. Prevention and control of infections in patients with severe congenital neutropenia; a follow up study.

    PubMed

    Salehi, Tahmineh; Fazlollahi, Mohammad Reza; Maddah, Marzieh; Nayebpour, Mohsen; Tabatabaei Yazdi, Mojtaba; Alizadeh, Zahra; Eshghi, Peyman; Chavoshzadeh, Zahra; Movahedi, Masoud; Hamidieh, Amir Ali; Cheraghi, Taher; Pourpak, Zahra; Moin, Mostafa

    2012-03-01

    Severe congenital neutropenia is one of primary immunodeficiency disorders that characterized by severe neutropenia and is associated with severe systemic bacterial infections from early infancy. Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF) is clinically used as a treatment for congenital and acquired neutropenia. The aim of this study was evaluation of GCSF (PD- Grastim) in treatment of these patients. Patients with severe congenital neutropenia referred to Immunology, Asthma and Allergy Research Institute between Jan 2007 and Dec 2010 enrolled the study. Other causes of neutropenia were excluded by serial CBC and bone marrow studies, medical and drug histories and immunological tests. Patients were visited and examined monthly to evaluate their CBC and ANC (absolute neutrophil count), GCSF side effects and dosage adjustment. Cytogenetic studies were being done for all the patients for early detection of progression to AML/MDS. From twenty two patients who enrolled this study, 16 patients regularly evaluated. They were ten males and six females, range in age from 2 to 18 years old. Two patients failed to continue our follow up unfortunately and four patients died due to disease complications. Patients were followed for 24 to 48 months. In a period of 12-24 months before treatment, the mean of hospitalization frequency was 3.1 times and duration was 10 days; while during receiving treatment, they decreased to 0.2 times and 3 days, respectively (p<0.01). Also significant increase in mean ANC was observed during follow up (315/µl before treatment versus 1749/µl after 12 month regular treatment). Bone pain was the most common side effect. There have been no evidences of developing AML/MDS up to present time. Treatment with GCSF significantly reduced the duration and the frequency of hospitalization. Because of plausible progression to AML/MDS, regular follow-up of patients should be continued. PMID:22427476

  7. Two-Year Follow-up of an Adolescent Behavioral Weight Control Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Jelalian, Elissa; Sato, Amy F.; Hart, Chantelle N.; Mehlenbeck, Robyn; Wing, Rena R.

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study examined the 24-month outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of a group-based behavioral weight control (BWC) program combined with either activity-based peer intervention or aerobic exercise. METHODS: At baseline, 118 obese adolescents (68% female; BMI = 31.41 ± 3.33) ages 13 to 16 years (mean = 14.33; SD = 1.02) were randomized to receive 1 of 2 weight loss interventions. Both interventions received the same 16-week group-based cognitive-behavioral treatment, combined with either aerobic exercise or peer-based adventure therapy. Eighty-nine adolescents (75% of original sample) completed the 24-month follow-up. Anthropometric and psychosocial measures were obtained at baseline, at the end of the 16-week intervention, and at 12 and 24 months following randomization. RESULTS: An intent-to-treat mixed factor analysis of variance indicated a significant effect for time on both percent over 50th percentile BMI for age and gender and standardized BMI score, with no differences by intervention group. Post hoc comparisons showed a significant decrease in percent overweight at 4 months (end of treatment), which was maintained at both 12- and 24-month follow-up visits. Significant improvements on several dimensions of self-concept were noted, with significant effects on physical appearance self-concept that were maintained through 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: Both BWC conditions were effective at maintaining reductions in adolescent obesity and improvements in physical appearance self-concept through 24-month follow-up. This study is one of the first to document long-term outcomes of BWC intervention among adolescents. PMID:22753560

  8. The LCOGT Near Earth Object (NEO) Follow-up Network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lister, Tim; Gomez, Edward; Christensen, Eric; Larson, Steve

    2014-11-01

    Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) network is a planned homogeneous network of over 35 telescopes at 6 locations in the northern and southern hemispheres. This network is versatile and designed to respond rapidly to target of opportunity events and also to do long term monitoring of slowly changing astronomical phenomena. The global coverage of the network and the apertures of telescope available make LCOGT ideal for follow-up and characterization of Solar System objects (e.g. asteroids, Kuiper Belt Objects, comets, Near-Earth Objects (NEOs)) and ultimately for the discovery of new objects.LCOGT has completed the first phase of the deployment with the installation and commissioning of nine 1-meter telescopes at McDonald Observatory (Texas), Cerro Tololo (Chile), SAAO (South Africa) and Siding Spring Observatory (Australia). The telescope network is now operating and observations are being executed remotely and robotically.I am using the LCOGT network to confirm newly detected NEO candidates produced by the major sky surveys such as Catalina Sky Survey (CSS), NEOWISE and PanSTARRS (PS1). Over 600 NEO candidates have been targeted so far this year with 250+ objects reported to the MPC, including 70 confirmed NEOs. An increasing amount of time is being spent to obtain follow-up astrometry and photometry for radar-targeted objects in order to improve the orbits and determine the rotation periods. This will be extended to obtain more light curves of other NEOs which could be Near-Earth Object Human Space Flight Accessible Targets Study (NHATS) or Asteroid Retrieval Mission (ARM) targets. Recent results have included the first period determination for the Apollo 2002 NV16 and our first NEO spectrum from the FLOYDS spectrographs on the LCOGT 2m telescopes obtained for 2012 DA14 during the February 2013 closepass.

  9. Submillimeter Follow-Up of WISE-Selected Hyperluminous Galaxies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, Jingwen; Tsai, Chao-Wei; Sayers, Jack; Benford, Dominic; Bridge, Carrie; Blain, Andrew; Eisenhardt, Peter R.; Stern, Daniel; Petty, Sara; Assef, Roberto; Bussmann, Shane; Comerford, Julia M.; Cutri, Roc; Evans, Neal J., II; Griffith, Roger; Jarrett, Thomas; Lake, Sean; Lonsdale, Carol; Rho, Jeonghee; Stanford, S. Adam; Weiner, Benjamin; Wright, Edward L.; Yan, Lin

    2012-01-01

    We have used the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO) to follow-up a sample of Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) selected, hyperluminous galaxies, the so-called W1W2-dropout galaxies. This is a rare (approx.1000 all-sky) population of galaxies at high redshift (peaks at z = 2-3), which are faint or undetected by WISE at 3.4 and 4.6 microns, yet are clearly detected at 12 and 22 microns. The optical spectra of most of these galaxies show significant active galactic nucleus activity. We observed 14 high-redshift (z > 1.7) W1W2-dropout galaxies with SHARC-II at 350-850 microns, with nine detections, and observed 18 with Bolocam at 1.1 mm, with five detections. Warm Spitzer follow-up of 25 targets at 3.6 and 4.5 microns, as well as optical spectra of 12 targets, are also presented in the paper. Combining WISE data with observations from warm Spitzer and CSO, we constructed their mid-IR to millimeter spectral energy distributions (SEDs). These SEDs have a consistent shape, showing significantly higher mid-IR to submillimeter ratios than other galaxy templates, suggesting a hotter dust temperature.We estimate their dust temperatures to be 60 C120 K using a single-temperature model. Their infrared luminosities are well over 10(exp 13) Stellar Luminosity. These SEDs are not well fitted with existing galaxy templates, suggesting they are a new population with very high luminosity and hot dust. They are likely among the most luminous galaxies in the universe.We argue that they are extreme cases of luminous, hot dust-obscured galaxies (DOGs), possibly representing a short evolutionary phase during galaxy merging and evolution. A better understanding of their long-wavelength properties needs ALMA as well as Herschel data.

  10. Submillimeter Follow-up of Wise-Selected Hyperluminous Galaxies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, Jingwen; Tsai, Chao-Wei; Sayers, Jack; Benford, Dominic; Bridge, Carrie; Blain, Andrew; Eisenhardt, Peter R. M.; Stern, Daniel; Petty, Sara; Assef, Roberto; Bussmann, Shane; Comerford, Julia M.; Cutri, Roc; Evans, Neal J., II; Griffith, Roger; Jarrett, Thomas; Lake, Sean; Lonsdale, Carol; Rho, Jeonghee; Stanford, S. Adam

    2013-01-01

    We have used the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO) to follow-up a sample of Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) selected, hyperluminous galaxies, the so-called W1W2-dropout galaxies. This is a rare (approximately 1000 all-sky) population of galaxies at high redshift (peaks at zeta = 2-3), which are faint or undetected by WISE at 3.4 and 4.6 micrometers, yet are clearly detected at 12 and 22 micrometers. The optical spectra of most of these galaxies show significant active galactic nucleus activity. We observed 14 high-redshift (zeta greater than 1.7) W1W2-dropout galaxies with SHARC-II at 350-850 micrometers, with nine detections, and observed 18 with Bolocam at 1.1 mm, with five detections. Warm Spitzer follow-up of 25 targets at 3.6 and 4.5 micrometers, as well as optical spectra of 12 targets, are also presented in the paper. Combining WISE data with observations from warm Spitzer and CSO, we constructed their mid-IR to millimeter spectral energy distributions (SEDs). These SEDs have a consistent shape, showing significantly higher mid-IR to submillimeter ratios than other galaxy templates, suggesting a hotter dust temperature.We estimate their dust temperatures to be 60-120 K using a single-temperature model. Their infrared luminosities are well over 10(exp 13) solar luminosity. These SEDs are not well fitted with existing galaxy templates, suggesting they are a new population with very high luminosity and hot dust. They are likely among the most luminous galaxies in the universe.We argue that they are extreme cases of luminous, hot dust-obscured galaxies (DOGs), possibly representing a short evolutionary phase during galaxy merging and evolution. A better understanding of their long-wavelength properties needs ALMA as well as Herschel data.

  11. Midterm follow up in patients with reduction ascending aortoplasty

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The reduction ascending aortoplasty in patients with an aortic ectasia/dilatation is a common procedure during concomitant cardiac operations. Aim of the follow up study was the evaluation of possible re-dilatation and complications. Methods From 1998 to 2010 124 patients (69% male; mean age 66.6?±?12 ys) with ectasia of the ascending aortic who had no further indication for an aortic replacement, were included. The mean preoperative diameter of the ascending aorta was 4.2?±?0.6 cm. The patients risk profile was moderate (mean EF 51%?±?11%, Euroscore 4.2?±?2.1). To treat the dilatation of the ascending aorta, a longitudinal incision was performed and a strip of the aortic wall was resected. A reduction aortoplasty was carried out with a double-layered suture line using a 4/0 Prolene mattress suture with an additional 4/0 Prolene running suture. A follow up (rate 95%) was performed by echocardiography- and clinical examination. Results All patients underwent reduction aortoplasty associated with a primary cardiac surgical procedure (AVR 63%, CABG 13%, other or combination 24%). The intrahospital mortality rate was 4%. Four aortic bleeding complications occurred. After a mean postoperative period of 57?±?39 months, the ascending aortic diameter (3.6?±?0.6 cm) was still significantly (P?

  12. Management and follow up of extra–adrenal phaeochromocytoma

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The prevalence of phaeochromocytoma (PCC) in patients with hypertension is 0.1–0.6% and about 10% of PCCs are detected in extra–adrenal tissue. The diagnosis and therapy of this rare disease detected as a retroperitoneal tumor mass can be difficult for clinicians. Material and methods A PubMed database was searched for the peer–reviewed articles, the listed articles until Dec 2012 were included. Following key words were used: “extra–adrenal phaeochromocytoma”, “paraganglioma”, “diagnosis”, “therapy”, “surgery”, “genetic analysis”, and “SDH mutation”. Results Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) are first choice imaging tools for PCC (sensitivity 90–100%). For the validation of the diagnosis or follow up, the functional imaging 123I–metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) or Fluorine–18–L–dihydroxyphenylalanine (18F–DOPA) positron emission tomography (excellent specificity and sensitivity of 90–100% in detection of small tumors >1–2 cm) are used. Laparoscopic surgery with complete resection is a safe and a first choice approach. The conversion (about 5%) to direct open operation was needed for large lesions (>8 cm) with the suspicion of malignancy. Currently, there are no histological criteria for distinguishing benign and malignant tumors. The genetic testing (Sanger DNA sequencing) for hereditary syndromes (von Hippel–Lindau, neurofibromatosis, etc.) is used for prediction of malignancy and recurrence. All patients should get individual and risk–adapted genetic analysis and consultation, including family members. The rate of malignancy in ePCC is about 30% (PCC about 5–10%). In patients with proven SDHB germline mutations, higher malignancy rate, multiple PCCs and recurrences are likely. A stringent lifelong clinical follow–up is recommended in these cases. Patients with syndromic hereditary forms should be screened for other often associated neoplasms. Conclusions New imaging tools and genetic analysis are crucial to improve the diagnosis and prognosis of phaeochromocytoma. PMID:25140230

  13. Astrometric Follow-Up of Faint Near Earth Objects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morgan, T. (Technical Monitor); Spahr, Timothy

    2004-01-01

    The observing program at Mt. Hopkins using the 48" reflector and funded by the Near- Earth Object Observation Program continues to excel. As in the past, all requested observing time was granted. Minor improvements continue to be made. For example, the telescope is set up to track and non-sidereal rates. This allows the user to track on the target object, rather than relying exclusively on the shift- and-stack technique. Other improvements made by the staff include automatic focus routines, automatic seeing-measurement routines, and improvement in dome seeing and mirror stabilization. The net result is better focus, better seeing, and the ability to expose longer in order to acquire the faintest and most important objects. During the proposal period, this program ranked again very high worldwide in terms of faint Near Earth Objects observed. During this latest proposal cycle, fewer objects were observed than previous cycles, but this was due to the strict targeting of only the faintest observable objects. The follow-up programs of observatory codes 926 (led by P. Holvorcem) and 291 (led by Dr. B. McMillan) have greatly increased their capacity, and as a result less bright objects are in urgent need of follow-up than in years past. Even with this new object selection and additional competition, code 696 still ranked second to code 291 in terms of objects observed fainter than V = 20. Minimal scripting is now in place to allow the telescope to run autonomously for 30-45 minutes at a time.

  14. SUBMILLIMETER FOLLOW-UP OF WISE-SELECTED HYPERLUMINOUS GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect

    Wu Jingwen; Eisenhardt, Peter R. M.; Stern, Daniel; Assef, Roberto [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Tsai, Chao-Wei; Cutri, Roc; Griffith, Roger; Jarrett, Thomas [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Sayers, Jack; Bridge, Carrie [Division of Physics, Math and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Benford, Dominic [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Blain, Andrew [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, LE1 7RH Leicester (United Kingdom); Petty, Sara; Lake, Sean [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Bussmann, Shane [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS78, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Comerford, Julia M.; Evans, Neal J. II [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78731 (United States); Lonsdale, Carol [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Rho, Jeonghee [SETI Institute, 189 BERNARDO Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94043 (United States); Stanford, S. Adam, E-mail: jingwen.wu@jpl.nasa.gov [Department of Physics, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); and others

    2012-09-01

    We have used the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO) to follow-up a sample of Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) selected, hyperluminous galaxies, the so-called W1W2-dropout galaxies. This is a rare ({approx}1000 all-sky) population of galaxies at high redshift (peaks at z = 2-3), which are faint or undetected by WISE at 3.4 and 4.6 {mu}m, yet are clearly detected at 12 and 22 {mu}m. The optical spectra of most of these galaxies show significant active galactic nucleus activity. We observed 14 high-redshift (z > 1.7) W1W2-dropout galaxies with SHARC-II at 350-850 {mu}m, with nine detections, and observed 18 with Bolocam at 1.1 mm, with five detections. Warm Spitzer follow-up of 25 targets at 3.6 and 4.5 {mu}m, as well as optical spectra of 12 targets, are also presented in the paper. Combining WISE data with observations from warm Spitzer and CSO, we constructed their mid-IR to millimeter spectral energy distributions (SEDs). These SEDs have a consistent shape, showing significantly higher mid-IR to submillimeter ratios than other galaxy templates, suggesting a hotter dust temperature. We estimate their dust temperatures to be 60-120 K using a single-temperature model. Their infrared luminosities are well over 10{sup 13} L{sub Sun }. These SEDs are not well fitted with existing galaxy templates, suggesting they are a new population with very high luminosity and hot dust. They are likely among the most luminous galaxies in the universe. We argue that they are extreme cases of luminous, hot dust-obscured galaxies (DOGs), possibly representing a short evolutionary phase during galaxy merging and evolution. A better understanding of their long-wavelength properties needs ALMA as well as Herschel data.

  15. Medulloblastoma in infants and children: computed tomographic follow-up after treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Y.Y.; Glass, J.P.; van Eys, J.; Wallace, S.

    1985-03-01

    Thirty-six proven cases of medulloblastoma were reviewed by serial CT follow-up examinations from 4 months to 10 years, 2 months after the initial diagnosis, with a mean follow-up time of 3 years, 9 months. The tumor recurred at the primary site in 20 cases (56%). Leptomeningeal metastasis was demonstrated on CT in 14 cases (39%); seven of these patients also presented with solid subarachnoid metastases. Thirteen patients (36%) showed evidence of severe brain atrophy, which was confined to the posterior fossa in seven of the 13. Calcification resulting from mineralizing microangiopathy developed in five cases (14%), including three patients who had had extensive dystrophic calcification in the corticomedullary junction and the deep-seated nuclei of the cerebrum and cerebellum. The patterns of tumor recurrence in the posterior fossa that is severely deformed by surgery and other treatment modalities and leptomeningeal spread of tumor are discussed.

  16. Utility of follow-up radiographs in conservatively managed acute fifth metatarsal fractures.

    PubMed

    Nagar, Manoj; Forrest, Neil; Maceachern, Campbell F

    2014-03-01

    Fifth metatarsal fractures are the most common fracture of the foot, with the majority being managed conservatively. A variety of treatment methods are described in the literature. Follow-up radiographs are taken to identify fracture displacement, and subsequently to assess for bony union throughout treatment. We assessed the utility of serial radiographic assessment in management of these fractures. Clinical notes and radiographs of 79 patients with fifth metatarsal fractures were analysed retrospectively. Serial radiographs were studied to identify displacement and the last X-ray was reviewed for evidence of fracture union. 96% of fractures were managed conservatively. 29% showed radiological healing at last clinic visit, the rest being discharged as were considered clinically healed. Similar fracture types were managed differently. 3 fractures were surgically treated after failed conservative management. 1 fracture showed displacement from initial radiographs, and was successfully managed conservatively. Without clear guidelines, these injuries are managed differently from a radiological perspective. Follow-up radiographs taken before 6-8 weeks do not appear to alter patient management. Based on the current study we present our recommendations for radiographic assessment of acute fifth metatarsal fractures. PMID:24502979

  17. Tourette Syndrome: a general pediatrician's 35-year experience at a single center with follow-up in adulthood.

    PubMed

    Byler, Debra L; Chan, Lisa; Lehman, Erik; Brown, Ashley D; Ahmad, Syeda; Berlin, Cheston

    2015-02-01

    A retrospective analysis of a 35-year single-center experience with pediatric tics and Tourette syndrome was conducted. 482 charts from 1972 to 2007 were reviewed. Follow-up surveys were mailed to last known address and 83 patients responded (17%). Response rate was affected by long interval from last visit; contact information was often incorrect as it was the address of the patient as a child. Males constituted 84%. Mean tic onset was 6.6 years. At first visit, 83% had multiple motor tics and >50% had comorbidities. 44% required only 1 visit and 90% less than 12 visits. Follow-up showed positive clinical and social outcomes in 73/83 survey responses. Of those indicating a poor outcome, mean educational level was lower and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities were significantly higher. Access to knowledgeable caregivers was a problem for adult patients. A shortage of specialists may in part be addressed by interested general pediatricians. PMID:25200367

  18. A follow-up study of the fate of small asymptomatic deep venous thromboses

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Postoperative asymptomatic deep venous thromboses (ADVT) can give rise to posttthrombotic syndrome (PTS), but there are still many unresolved issues in this context. For example, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the fate of small ADVT following minor orthopedic surgery. This follow-up study evaluates postthrombotic changes and clinical manifestations of PTS in a group of patients with asymptomatic calf vein DVT after surgery for Achilles tendon rupture. Methods Forty-six consecutive patients with distal ADVT were contacted and enrolled in a follow-up consisting of a single visit at the hospital at a mean time of 5 years postoperatively, including clinical examination and scoring, ultrasonography and venous plethysmography. All patients had participated in DVT-screening with colour duplex ultrasound (CDU) 3 and 6 weeks postoperatively and 80% of them were treated with anticoagulation. Results With CDU postthrombotic changes and deep venous reflux were detected at follow-up in more than 50% of the patients, more commonly in somewhat larger calf DVT:s initially affecting more than one vessel. However, only about 10% of the patients had significant venous reflux according to venous plethysmography. No patient had plethysmographic evidence of remaining outflow obstruction, but presence of postthrombotic changes shown with CDU negatively influenced venous outflow capacity measured with plethysmography. A clinical entity of PTS was rarely found and occurred only in two patients (4%) and then classified by Villalta scoring as of mild degree with few clinical signs of disease. Distal ADVT:s detected in the early postoperative period (3 weeks) showed DVT-progression in 75% of the limbs that were still immobilized and without anticoagulation. Conclusions Asymptomatic postoperative distal DVT:s following surgery for Achilles tendon rupture have a good prognosis and a favourable clinical outcome. In our material of 46 patients the general appearance of the clinical entity of PTS at 5 years follow-up was low (<5%). Morphological and functional abnormalities were mainly seen in those patients that initially had somewhat larger distal DVT:s involving more than one deep calf vein segment. PMID:20819203

  19. Goddard Robotic Telescope - Optical Follow-up of GRBs and Coordinated Observations of AGNs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sakamoto, T.; Wallace, C. A.; Donato, D.; Gehrels, N.; Okajima, T.; Ukwatta, T. N.

    2010-01-01

    Since it is not possible to predict when a Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) will occur or when Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN) flaring activity starts, follow-up/monitoring ground telescopes must be located as uniformly as possible all over the world in order to collect data simultaneously with Fermi and Swift detections. However, there is a distinct gap in follow-up coverage of telescopes in the eastern U.S. region based on the operations of Swift. Motivated by this fact, we have constructed a 14" fully automated optical robotic telescope, Goddard Robotic Telescope (GRT), at the Goddard Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory. The aims of our robotic telescope are 1) to follow-up Swift/Fermi GRBs and 2) to perform the coordinated optical observations of Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) AGN. Our telescope system consists of off-the-shelf hardware. With the focal reducer, we are able to match the field of view of Swift narrow instruments (20' x 20'). We started scientific observations in mid-November 2008 and GRT has been fully remotely operated since August 2009. The 3(sigma) upper limit in a 30-second exposure in the R filter is approx.15.4 mag; however, we can reach to approx.18 mag in a 600-second exposures. Due to the weather condition at the telescope site. our observing efficiency is 30-40%, on average.

  20. The facilitator effect: results from a four-year follow-up of children with asthma.

    PubMed Central

    McCowan, C; Neville, R G; Crombie, I K; Clark, R A; Warner, F C

    1997-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A long-term evaluation of the process and outcomes of primary and secondary care is required to establish whether audit facilitators can improve the care of childhood asthma. AIM: To examine the long-term effect of an intervention by an audit facilitator on the management of children with asthma, and to investigate the implications for health service costs. METHOD: A 4-year follow up was conducted of an intervention and control group totalling 2557 children aged 1-15 years from 12 general practices in the Tayside region. Primary care consultations, prescriptions, hospital contacts and health service costs 1 year before and 3 years after a facilitator visited practices were recorded. The facilitator encouraged the diagnosis and treatment of childhood asthma in the intervention group. RESULTS: Favourable changes in consultation patterns, prescriptions and reduced hospital admissions seen during the intervention year did not persist in subsequent years. Two and three years after the facilitator visit the process and outcome of care was similar in both groups. The reduction in health service costs seen in the intervention group was equivalent to the cost of employing a facilitator. CONCLUSION: The effect of a facilitator lasts only for the period of intervention. Enthusiasts will say that improving patient care without increasing health service costs justifies the widespread deployment of facilitators. Others more interested in long-term outcomes may disagree. PMID:9167319

  1. Selective laser trabeculoplasty for primary open angle glaucoma: six-year follow up

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koev, Krassimir

    2005-04-01

    In order to establish the long-term efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty for primary open-angle glaucoma [POAG], trabecular meshwork of 34 eyes (21 patients) with POAG was treated with Q-switched frequency doubled Nd-YAG laser with wavelength of 532 nm Coherent Selecta 7000 (SLT). The eyes were divided in two groups: group 1-18 eyes with pigmentation degree in the frontal chamber angle of 1 and 2; group 2-16 eyes with pigmentation degree of 3 and 4. An average of 104 spots on 360 degrees was applied stepwise to the trabecular meshwork of every eye. The treatment and follow up period lasted 6 years. The mean prepoerative intraocular pressure [IOP] in group 1 was 25,5+/-1,5 mmHg, and in group 2-26+/-1 mmHg. During the last visit 6 years after SLT, the mean IOP in group 1 was 18,7+/-1.4 mmHg. Statistically significant decrease of IOP [p<0.001] was observed after SLT by an average of 6,8 mmHg [26.7%]. During the last visit 6 years after SLT in group 2, the mean IOP was 18.8+/-1.2 mmHg. Statistically significant IOP decrase method for POAG treatment and that IOP decrase in treated eyes is preserved for several years.

  2. Treatment Response Evaluation and Follow-up in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Arora, Anil; Kumar, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major causes of morbidity, mortality and healthcare expenditure in patients with chronic liver disease. The management of HCC is evolving because of recently introduced novel therapeutic approaches. Optimal outcome requires an early and accurate assessment of tumor response to therapy. Current imaging modalities, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging; provide reliable and reproducible anatomical data in order to demonstrate tumor burden changes. However, in the setting of novel targeted therapies and liver directed treatments, simple tumor anatomical changes can be less informative and usually appear later than biological changes. There has been a growing interest to monitor the therapeutic response, at an early phase of treatment, by measuring tumor viability and/or perfusion. Therefore the importance of tumor viability assessment is increasingly being recognized. The tumor viability measurement guidelines have recently been amended to include the measurement of only the longest diameter of the enhancing tumors to formally amend RECIST to modified RECIST (mRECIST). Viable tumor should be defined as uptake of contrast agent in the arterial phase. In this review, we discuss criteria of response evaluation in HCC and further follow-up of patients receiving curative and palliative treatment. PMID:25755604

  3. SDSS-III MARVELS Planet Candidate RV Follow-up

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ge, Jian; Thomas, Neil; Ma, Bo; Li, Rui; SIthajan, Sirinrat

    2014-02-01

    Planetary systems, discovered by the radial velocity (RV) surveys, reveal strong correlations between the planet frequency and stellar properties, such as metallicity and mass, and a greater diversity in planets than found in the solar system. However, due to the sample sizes of extant surveys (~100 to a few hundreds of stars) and their heterogeneity, many key questions remained to be addressed: Do metal poor stars obey the same trends for planet occurrence as metal rich stars? What is the distribution of giant planets around intermediate- mass stars and binaries? Is the ``planet desert'' within 0.6 AU in the planet orbital distribution of intermediate-mass stars real? The MARVELS survey has produced the largest homogeneous RV measurements of 3300 V=7.6-12 FGK stars. The latest data pipeline effort at UF has been able to remove long term systematic errors suffered in the earlier data pipeline. 18 high confident giant planet candidates have been identified among newly processed data. We propose to follow up these giant planet candidates with the KPNO EXPERT instrument to confirm the detection and also characterize their orbits. The confirmed planets will be used to measure occurrence rates, distributions and multiplicity of giants planets around F,G,K stars with a broad range of mass (~0.6-2.5 M_?) and metallicity ([Fe/H]~-1.5-0.5). The well defined MARVELS survey cadence allows robust determinations of completeness limits for rigorously testing giant planet formation theories and constraining models.

  4. Serological and histological follow up of chronic hepatitis B infection.

    PubMed Central

    Ruiz-Moreno, M; Camps, T; Aguado, J G; Porres, J C; Oliva, H; Bartolomé, J; Carreño, V

    1989-01-01

    In order to study the clinical, serological, and morphological evolution of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in childhood, a prospective study has been carried out. A total of 90 children with a chronic infection were followed up for a mean (SD) of 3 (1.8) years. At the beginning of the study, 61 children were asymptomatic and 77 were household contacts of chronic carriers. Serologically 77 were hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) positive and 71 of them were positive to hepatitis B virus DNA. The mean alanine aminotransferase activities were higher among HBeAg positive patients than in antihepatitis B e (anti-HBe) positive ones. The most severe histological damage was also found among HBeAg positive patients. The annual seroconversion rate was 14%. A significant increase in the alanine aminotransferase activity was observed 13 (5.6) months before appearance of anti-HBe in the 85% of cases. Among anti-HBe positive patients, the alanine aminotransferase activities were normal in all except three (19%), two of whom had intrahepatic delta antigen. An increase in the histological activity was observed among patients who maintained HBeAg presence while an amelioration of liver damage was observed in anti-HBe carriers. PMID:2782931

  5. IRS Follow-up of Sources in M33

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Houck, James R.; Roellig, Thomas; Buckalew, Brent; Gehrz, Robert D.; McQuinn, Kristy; Polomski, Elisha; Roellig, Thomas L.; Woodward, Charles

    2006-05-01

    We are currently engaged in a Guaranteed Time Observation (GTO) program (PID 5) to obtain MIPS and IRAC maps of M33 that will provide a global perspective on star formation, stellar evolution, and chemical evolution in the interstellar medium in a spiral galaxy. Combined with ground-based observations, these maps will provide a unified set of images that relate the locations of chemical enrichment, gas available to form stars, star formation, and evolved stars. We are proposing here to perform IRS spectroscopy using all of the IRS modules to follow-up on five embedded compact HII clusters which are located at various distances ranging up to 3.5 kpc from the center of M33. The low-resolution data will be particularly useful in identifying broad-band solid-state features, while the high-resolution module observations will be used to measure the strength of fine-structure emission lines, providing a wealth of information on the excitation levels and electron densities in the targets, without the complicating effects of extinction that hampers optical studies of these highly-enshrouded objects. Our proposed observations will allow important new insight into how star formation environments change across the face of the spiral galaxy M33.

  6. Diagnosis, Treatment, and Follow-Up of Borderline Ovarian Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Zikan, Michal; Dundr, Pavel; Cibula, David

    2012-01-01

    Borderline ovarian tumors represent a heterogeneous group of noninvasive tumors of uncertain malignant potential with characteristic histology. They occur in younger women, are present at an early stage, and have a favorable prognosis, but symptomatic recurrence and death may be found as long as 20 years after therapy in some patients. The molecular changes in borderline ovarian tumors indicate linkage of this disease to type I ovarian tumors (low-grade ovarian carcinomas). The pathological stage of disease and subclassification of extraovarian disease into invasive and noninvasive implants, together with the presence of postoperative macroscopic residual disease, appear to be the major predictor of recurrence and survival. However, it should be emphasized that the most important negative prognostic factor for recurrence is just the use of conservative surgery, but without any impact on patient survival because most recurrent diseases are of the borderline type—easily curable and with an excellent prognosis. Borderline tumors are difficult masses to correctly preoperatively diagnose using imaging methods because their macroscopic features may overlap with invasive and benign ovarian tumors. Over the past several decades, surgical therapy has shifted from a radical approach to more conservative treatment; however, oncologic safety must always be balanced. Follow-up is essential using routine ultrasound imaging, with special attention paid to the remaining ovary in conservatively treated patients. Current literature on this topic leads to a number of controversies that will be discussed thoroughly in this article, with the aim to provide recommendations for the clinical management of these patients. PMID:23024155

  7. Continued Astrometric Follow-up Of Near-Earth Objects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spahr, Timothy; Johnson, Lindley (Technical Monitor)

    2005-01-01

    As the grant periods overlapped, some of this information below will also be present on the previous final report. During the period May 1 2004 to April 30 2005, approximately 100 NEOs fainter than V = 20 were observed on separate nights from the 1.2-m telescope at Mt. Hopkins. Additionally, a few comets were targeted, including astrometric support of the Deep Impact mission by observing comet P/Tempel 1. Kyle Smalley was again employed as an independent contractor, and he was trained in use of the telescope, performed several remote observing runs on his own, and has now begun critical software support of the observing program. Code to automatically operate the telescope, given a target list, is approximately 90% done. During the first observing run scheduled in late September or early October, this code will be tested at on the telescope. It is probable that the 1.2m telescope will be run automatically all night without any interruption from the observer for anything during this time. Additional work on selecting which NEO targets to observe is progressing, with a beta-release of a simple target selection web page. Additionally, two-night objects with the potential of being NEOs have been extracted on a routine basis during this last grant cycle. These will also be added to a web page to facilitate additional astrometric follow-up.

  8. Fitting epidemiologic follow-up studies with cumulative damage models.

    PubMed

    Becker, N; Rittgen, W

    1994-04-01

    The use of an extended version of the cumulative damage model to identify and quantify cancer risk arising from a specified exposure is outlined. For this, a strategy to fit the model to individual data coming from epidemiologic follow-up studies is described. Two statistical problems are addressed: first, the regularity of the model has to be ascertained to allow the application of maximum-likelihood and likelihood-ratio methods for parameter estimation and testing. Second, a statistical test has to be found that permits testing goodness of fit in the setting of parameter estimation with individual data. As an example, these methods are applied to the data of a cohort study on mortality among stainless steel welders in the Federal Republic of Germany. The results show that the model fits the data well and confirms a carcinogenic effect of stainless steel welding among welders. Some distinguishing characteristics of the model, especially its prediction of a potentially decreasing relative risk despite ongoing carcinogenic exposure, are discussed. PMID:8204982

  9. Long-Term Follow-Up of Percutaneous Balloon Angioplasty in Adult Aortic Coarctation

    SciTech Connect

    Paddon, Alex J.; Nicholson, Anthony A.; Ettles, Duncan F.; Travis, Simon J.; Dyet, John F. [Radiology Department, Hull Royal Infirmary, Anlaby Road, Kingston upon Hull HU3 2JZ (United Kingdom)

    2000-09-15

    Purpose: To assess long-term outcomes following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of congenital aortic coarctation in adults.Methods: Seventeen patients underwent PTA for symptomatic adult coarctation of the aorta. Sixteen patients, with a mean age of 28 years (range 15-60 years), were reviewed at a mean interval after angioplasty of 7.3 years (range 1.5-11 years). Assessment included magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Doppler echocardiography, and clinical examination. Current clinical measurements were compared with pre- and immediate post-angioplasty measurements.Results: At follow-up 16 patients were alive and well. The patient not included in follow-up had undergone surgical repair and excision of the coarctation segment following PTA. Mean brachial systolic blood pressure for the group decreased from 174 mmHg before angioplasty to 130 mmHg at follow-up (p 0.0001). The mean gradient had fallen significantly from 50.9 to 17.8 at follow-up (p = 0.001). The average number of antihypertensive drugs required per patient decreased from 0.56 to 0.31 (p = 0.234). No significant residual stenoses or restenoses were seen at MRI. Small but clinically insignificant residual pressure gradients were recorded in all patients using Doppler echocardiography. Complications included one transient ischemic attack at 5 days, one external iliac dissection requiring stent insertion, and a further patient who developed a false aneurysm close to the coarctation site at 12 months which subsequently required surgical excision.Conclusion: PTA of adult coarctation is safe and effective in the long term. Although primary stenting has recently been advocated in the treatment of this condition, our results suggest that PTA remains the treatment of choice.

  10. Lung Tumors Treated With Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation: Computed Tomography Imaging Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect

    Palussiere, Jean, E-mail: palussiere@bergonie.org; Marcet, Benjamin; Descat, Edouard [Institut Bergonie, Regional Cancer Center, Department of Interventional Radiology (France); Deschamps, Frederic; Rao, Pramod [Institut Gustave Roussy, Department of Interventional Radiology (France); Ravaud, Alain [Hopital Saint-Andre, Department of Medical Oncology (France); Brouste, Veronique [Institut Bergonie, Department of Biostatistics (France); Baere, Thierry de [Institut Gustave Roussy, Department of Interventional Radiology (France)

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: To describe the morphologic evolution of lung tumors treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) by way of computed tomography (CT) images and to investigate patterns of incomplete RFA at the site of ablation. Materials and Methods: One hundred eighty-nine patients with 350 lung tumors treated with RFA underwent CT imaging at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months. CT findings were interpreted separately by two reviewers with consensus. Five different radiologic patterns were predefined: fibrosis, cavitation, nodule, atelectasis, and disappearance. The appearance of the treated area was evaluated at each follow-up CT using the predefined patterns. Results: At 1 year after treatment, the most common evolutions were fibrosis (50.5%) or nodules (44.8%). Differences were noted depending on the initial size of the tumor, with fibrosis occurring more frequently for tumors <2 cm (58.6% vs. 22.9%, P = 1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5}). Cavitation and atelectasis were less frequent patterns (2.4% and 1.4%, respectively, at 1 year). Tumor location (intraparenchymatous, with pleural contact <50% or >50%) was not significantly correlated with follow-up image pattern. Local tumor progressions were observed with each type of evolution. At 1 year, 12 local recurrences were noted: 2 cavitations, which represented 40% of the cavitations noted at 1 year; 2 fibroses (1.9%); 7 nodules (7.4%); and 1 atelectasis (33.3%). Conclusion: After RFA of lung tumors, follow-up CT scans show that the shape of the treatment zone can evolve in five different patterns. None of these patterns, however, can confirm the absence of further local tumor progression at subsequent follow-up.

  11. Follow-up Study of Patients With Cerebral Palsy

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Peter; Kohn, Jean G.

    1979-01-01

    Of 319 patients with cerebral palsy recalled for reevaluation 15 years after the initial visit, 10 percent had died. Of the living, 55 percent had spasticity, 32 percent had athetosis, 4 percent had ataxia and 9 percent had mixed spasticity and athetosis; 38 percent had an intelligence quotient (IQ) less than 50, 24 percent between 50 and 79, and 38 percent had IQ above 80. There was a high correlation between overall functional outcome and intellectual level. Severity of physical disability, as measured by hand use, mobility and speech, also correlated with dependence, in part because increased severity of the disability was associated with decreased intellectual capacity generally. Twenty-five years after the initial visit, parental attitudes and personality intactness were evaluated (using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory [MMPI]) and were correlated with satisfaction with status in life in 28 persons predicted to be independent on the 15-year study. Twenty (72 percent) of the 28 were satisfied with their status in life and of these, 16 were evaluated (with the MMPI) with 70 percent scoring in the normal range; 13 (65 percent) had parents with a positive attitude. Positive attitude was defined as parental feelings that the handicapped child was a worthy, valuable person, to be encouraged and assisted but not isolated from the world of nonhandicapped people. Careful serial assessment by professional teams combined with repeated long-term counseling of families can result in optimal outcome for the disability level involved, due to the primary role parents play in the development of a child's character and behavior. PMID:154207

  12. Lost to follow-up for appointments in a dedicated dry eye clinic

    PubMed Central

    Poon, Kip Hoe; Yeo, Sharon; Tong, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Objective Dry eye is a prevalent condition with significant socioeconomic burden. This study evaluates the extent and reasons for loss to follow-up (LTF) in a dedicated dry eye clinic. LTF refers to patient who discontinued visits for >2 years. Method The proportion of patients LTF and the demographics in a cohort of dry eye patients (2006 to 2010) were determined. A telephone survey was prospectively conducted for patients who were LTF. Results Of 505 patients, 240 (47.5%) were LTF. Associated demographic factors for LTF were male sex, non-Chinese ethnicity, and age group <30 years old (all P<0.05). The reasons for LTF through the telephone survey (response rate 77.9%) were categorized into three broad groups, stabilized dry eye condition (47%), personal/social factors (25%) and perceived insufficiency of healthcare delivery (28%). Only two (1.1%) were considered as management failures. The younger patients (age <50 years) were more likely to become LTF (P<0.001) due to stabilized dry eye disease, compared to older patients who were more likely to be LTF due to personal/social reasons (P=0.02). Poor communication and service factors under healthcare delivery were found to be higher (P=0.002) in those who visited once before they were LTF (8.5%) compared to those who visited multiple times before they were LTF (0.1%). Conclusion LTF was relatively common in hospital-based dry eye management. Female and older patients were less likely to stop consultation. Stabilized dry eye condition, common in younger patients, was the most common reason for LTF. Elderly patients have difficulty attending clinics due to nonmedical problems, which may require a more holistic approach. PMID:25336929

  13. Heavy vehicle industry site visits: comments from companies and conclusions from technical committee

    SciTech Connect

    McCallen, R.

    1998-02-01

    This report documents the results of several visits with industry as part of the Department of Energy (DOE), office of Transportation Technology, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology, supported Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamics Project. The purpose of the DOE Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamics Project is to use government resources to bring the aerodynamic expertise available in government organizations and academia to bear in assisting the heavy vehicle industry to reduce aerodynamic drag on trucks. The obvious payback from this investment is the reduction in fuel usage and derivative reduction in the US's dependence on foreign oil imports. This report covers 2 projects: (1) The stated purpose of Project 1 was to provide near-term impact through emphasis on existing tools and capabilities and to focus on the trailer drag problem. (2) The stated purpose of Project 2 was to provide the tools necessary to accomplish the longer term goal of a fully-integrated, aerodynamic tractor-trailer combination.

  14. Follow up on the crystal growth experiments of the LDEF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nielsen, K. F.; Lind, M. D.

    1993-01-01

    The results of the 4 solution growth experiments on the LDEF have been published elsewhere. Both the crystals of CaCO3, which were large and well shaped, and the much smaller TTF-TCNQ crystals showed unusual morphological behavior. The follow up on these experiments was begun in 1981, when ESA initiated a 'Concept Definition Study' on a large, 150 kg, Solution Growth Facility (SGF) to be included in the payload of EURECA-1, the European Retrievable Carrier. This carrier was a continuation of the European Spacelab and at that time planned for launch in 1987. The long delay of the LDEF retrieval and of subsequent missions brought about reflections both on the concept of crystal growth in space and on the choice of crystallization materials that had been made for the LDEF. Already before the LDEF retrieval, research on TTF-TCNQ had been stopped, and a planned growth experiment with TTF-TCNQ on the SGF/EURECA had been cancelled. The target of the SGF investigation is now more fundamental in nature. None of the crystals to be grown here are, like TTF-TCNQ, in particular demand by science or industry, and the crystals only serve the purpose of model crystals. The real purpose of the investigation is to study the growth behavior. One of the experiments, the Soret Coefficient Measurement experiment is not growing crystals at all, but has it as its sole purpose to obtain accurate information on thermal diffusion, a process of importance in crystal growth from solution.

  15. Asthma increase among farmers: a 12-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Respiratory disease is a well known health hazard for farmers, but the long-term prognosis is less well known. This is a 12-year follow-up of an investigation of Swedish farmers, most of them dairy farmers. A questionnaire was mailed to all 418 farmers who were alive of the farmers originally participating in 1982. They were invited to an interview, spirometry, and blood sampling. Ninety-one per cent (380) of the farmers, 321 men and 59 women, responded to the questionnaire. The mean age was 56 years for the men and 55 years for the women. Of the group, 10% were smokers, 25% ex-smokers, and 65% had never smoked. The population estimate for asthma in the farmers was 8.9% in 1994 compared to 2% in 1982, and to 5.4%–6.6% in the general population in the region in 1982. Of the asthmatic subjects, one-third had positive RAST tests (radioallergosorbent tests). Almost 90% of the new onset asthma cases since 1982 had non-IgE-mediated asthma. Most of the IgE-mediated asthmatics had had symptoms for many years, while 70% of the non-IgE-mediated asthmatic farmers had no or only wheezing with colds 1982. Two new cases of hypersensitivity pneumonitis were identified, and 7.3% had experienced inhalation fever during the last 12 years. In general, individuals with asthma and chronic bronchitis who had left farming were in better health in 1994 as compared to 1982. In conclusion, farmers have an enhanced risk to develop asthma increasing with age. Asthma in farmers is often non-IgE-mediated. PMID:20812893

  16. Heart Failure in a Dedicated Outpatient Clinic: Results after 58 Month Follow-Up. Can it be Enough?

    PubMed Central

    Mirra, M; Vitulano, G; Virtuoso, N; Tufano, N; D’Auria, F; De Angelis, S; Giudice, R; Lambiase, A; Gigantino, A; Piscione, F

    2015-01-01

    Incidence of chronic heart failure (HF) is rapidly increasing, approaching a 10 per 1000 rate after 65 years of age. In the last decades, despite pharmacological, interventional and supportive innovations, HF prognosis remained poor, with about 30% of death within one year from the diagnosis. Current guidelines recommend for these patients management programs providing follow-up through dedicated outpatient clinic. Limits of these programs are represented by great difficulties in getting patients adherence, being still too elevated the rate of abandonments. In this paper, we analyzed the impact of 58 months of activity in our dedicated to heart failure outpatient clinic on mortality, hospitalization and abandonment rate. 477 HF patients (346 M, 72.5%, mean age 69.6 years) were enrolled. Mean follow-up and visit were 18.2 and 2.6 months respectively. Total mortality rate was 11.5%, 4% of patients per year. Total hospitalizations for acute HF were 212 and, among all patients left in follow-up, the number of hospitalizations for acute de-compensation significantly decreased from 0.49/patient/year before enrollment to 0.29/patient/year during follow-up (p=0.015). Patients who abandoned outpatient clinic were 94 (19%, 1 abandonment every 23 days), mostly observed over the first months of activity. In conclusion, our patients experienced a major decrease in rates of acute de-compensation and need of in-hospital admissions. PMID:25674552

  17. Characteristics associated with intervention and follow-up attendance in a secondhand smoke exposure study for families of NICU infants.

    PubMed

    Northrup, Thomas F; Green, Charles; Evans, Patricia W; Stotts, Angela L

    2014-08-14

    Abstract Objective: The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is an ideal setting to intervene with an under served population on secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe). Unfortunately, attrition may compromise outcomes. Baseline characteristics associated with intervention and follow-up attendance were investigated in mothers who participated in a novel SHSe prevention study designed for households with a smoker and a NICU-admitted infant. Methods: Intervention participants received two motivational, NICU-based counseling sessions; usual care participants received pamphlets. Home-based follow-up assessments occurred at 1, 3 and 6 months. Sociodemographic, smoking history, and psychosocial factors were analyzed. Results: Mothers from households with greater numbers of cigarettes smoked and fewer children had higher odds of both intervention and follow-up attendance. Maternal smoking abstinence (lifetime), more adults in the home and higher perceived interpersonal support were also associated with higher odds of follow-up visit completion. Conclusions: Innovative strategies are needed to engage mothers in secondhand smoke interventions, especially mothers who smoke, have lower levels of social support and have greater childcare responsibilities. PMID:25053191

  18. Four-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of a social support intervention on infant feeding practices.

    PubMed

    Scheiwe, Anja; Hardy, Rebecca; Watt, Richard G

    2010-10-01

    In a 4-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial, this study aimed to evaluate the longer-term effects of a peer-led infant feeding intervention that was delivered during the first year of life. The original intervention used monthly home visits from trained volunteers to improve infant feeding practices among a sample of low-income mothers in two disadvantaged London boroughs. Outcome measures at follow-up included children's eating and drinking habits, general and dental health, and BMI. Data were collected via structured face-to-face interviews and postal questionnaires. Of 212 women who completed the original trial, 101 took part in the follow-up (55 intervention, 46 control). Children's mean age at follow-up was 4 years 7 months. There is little evidence that the intervention had an important effect on children's current BMI, caries levels or consumption of fruit and vegetables. However, mothers from the intervention group had better nutritional knowledge and confidence. Intervention group children also consumed more pure fruit juice [relative risk (RR) = 1.57; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.99, 2.49] and were more likely to never drink squash (RR = 1.76; 95% CI 1.20, 2.58). The data suggest that the original peer support intervention had a small number of positive long-term effects. PMID:21050387

  19. Sustainable heritage management practices at visited heritage sites in Devon and Cornwall

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Darlow; Stephen Essex; Mark Brayshay

    2012-01-01

    Sustainability is a key challenge facing society in the twenty-first century, although its implementation at heritage sites can present some significant challenges for the custodians. This paper investigates progress in the adoption of sustainable practices in the management of a sample of 416 heritage properties and sites in Devon and Cornwall. The findings are based on the compilation of an

  20. Welfare-to-Work Program Coordination in Texas. Report on the Initial Site Visits. First in a Series of Reports on JTPA/Welfare Coordination Efforts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gula, Annette; King, Christopher T.

    The first round of site visits to welfare-to-work programs in Texas examined the nature and degree of program coordination at three sites: El Paso, Houston, and San Antonio. A brief overview of the growing literature on program coordination paid particular attention to welfare-related studies. At the state level, evidence was found of increasing…

  1. USFS Administrative Tour The Aspen FACE site hosted a visit of some 36 senior

    E-print Network

    of the document, which is due out later this year. Percy Heads IUFRO Task Force on Carbon Sequestration Kevin of foresters about carbon sequestration in the world's forests. The Task Force web site is: http

  2. Protecting the Lunar Heritage Sites from the Effects of Visiting Spacecraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Metzger, Philip; Lane, John E.

    2012-01-01

    The Problem: Rocket exhaust blows soil and rocks over vast distances at velocities upwards of 1 to 3 km/s, and this will be highly abrasive and damaging if it impacts the valuable lunar heritage sites.

  3. Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty: minimum 1-year follow-up

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patel, Vipul; Thaly, Rahul; Shah, Ketul

    2007-02-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty has been shown to have a success rate comparable to that of the open surgical approach. However, the steep learning curve has hindered its acceptance into mainstream urologic practice. The introduction of robotic assistance provides advantages that have the potential to facilitate precise dissection and intracorporeal suturing. Methods: A total of 50 patients underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty. A four-trocar technique was used. Most patients were discharged home on day 1, with stent removal at 3 weeks. Patency of the ureteropelvic junction was assessed in all patients with mercaptotriglycylglycine Lasix renograms at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, then every 6 months for 1 year, and then yearly. Results: Each patient underwent a successful procedure without open conversion or transfusion. The average estimated blood loss was 40 ml. The operative time averaged 122 minutes (range 60 to 330) overall. Crossing vessels were present in 30% of the patients and were preserved in all cases. The time for the anastomosis averaged 20 minutes (range 10 to 100). Intraoperatively, no complications occurred. Postoperatively, the average hospital stay was 1.1 days. The stents were removed at an average of 20 days (range 14 to 28) postoperatively. The average follow-up was 11.7 months; at the last follow-up visit, each patient was doing well. Of the 50 patients, 48 underwent one or more renograms, demonstrating stable renal function, improved drainage, and no evidence of recurrent obstruction. Conclusions: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty is a feasible technique for ureteropelvic junction reconstruction. The procedure provides a minimally invasive alternative with good short-term results.

  4. Behavioral and hormonal responses of Magellanic penguins ( Spheniscus magellanicus) to tourism and nest site visitation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gene S Fowler

    1999-01-01

    One of the results of human disturbance at seabird colonies may be the provocation of the typical vertebrate adrenocortical response to stressors, but there have been few studies that demonstrate this. The present study demonstrates that simple human presence at the nest site, without effects of capture or handling, is physiologically stressful for breeding Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) that are

  5. Lymph node fine needle Cytology in the staging and follow-up of Cutaneous Lymphomas

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Lymph nodal involvement is an important clinical-pathological sign in primary cutaneous lymphoma (PCL), as it marks the transformation/evolution of the disease from localized to systemic; therefore the surveillance of lymph nodes is important in the staging and follow up of PCL. Fine needle cytology (FNC) is widely used in the diagnosis of lymphadenopathies but has rarely been reported in PCL staging and follow-up. In this study an experience on reactive and neoplastic lymphadenopathies arisen in PCL and investigated by FNC, combined to ancillary techniques, is reported. Methods Twenty-one lymph node FNC from as many PCL patients were retrieved; 17 patients had mycosis fungoides (MF) and 4 a primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (PBL). In all cases, rapid on site evaluation (ROSE) was performed and additional passes were used to perform flow cytometry (FC), immunocytochemistry (ICC) and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to assess or rule out a possible clonality of the corresponding cell populations. Results FNC combined with FC, ICC, and PCR identified 12 cases of reactive, non specific, hyperplasia (BRH), 4 dermatopathic lymphadenopathy (DL), 4 lymph nodal involvement by MF and 1 lymph nodal involvement by cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. Conclusions FNC coupled with ancillary techniques is an effective tool to evaluate lymph node status in PCL patients, provided that ROSE and a rational usage of ancillary techniques is performed according to the clinical context and the available material. The method can be reasonably used as first line procedure in PCL staging and follow up, avoiding expensive and often ill tolerated biopsies when not strictly needed. PMID:24393425

  6. 45 CFR Appendix C to Part 1356 - Calculating Sample Size for NYTD Follow-Up Populations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Sample Size for NYTD Follow-Up Populations C Appendix C to Part 1356 ...Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT...Sample Size for NYTD Follow-Up Populations 1. Using Finite Population...

  7. 77 FR 69896 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Follow-Up...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-21

    ...Follow-Up Survey Information for Green Jobs and Health Care Impact Evaluation, American...Follow-Up Survey Information for Green Jobs and Health Care Impact Evaluation, American...Recovery Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Green Jobs and Health Care Grants Impact...

  8. Parental visiting and foster care reunification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rae Newton; William Ganger

    1996-01-01

    Parental visiting has long been a crucial factor in reunification decisions for children in foster care. The purposes of the present study, part of a larger follow-up investigation of permanency planning for children in foster care, were to correlate parental visiting with permanency planning outcomes and to develop a logistic regression model predicting family reunification. Findings show that the majority

  9. Cervical spine involvement in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis - MRI follow-up study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background To describe MRI and clinical findings in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis with cervical spine involvement at onset and follow-up under therapy. Methods 13 patients with signs of cervical spine involvement in juvenile idiopathic arthritis with a median disease duration of 1.7 years were included in the study. Clinical records and MR images were retrospectively analyzed according to symptoms and findings concerning the cervical spine. Results At the onset of cervical spine involvement all patients showed limited range of motion, whereas only 5 of them complained of pain. In MR images joint hyperintensity, contrast enhancement, malalignment, ankylosis, erosion and narrowing of the spinal canal at cranio-cervical junction were found at 28, 32, 15, 2, 2 and 3 sites in 12 (93%), 13 (100%), 8 (62%), 2 (15%), 2 and 3 (20%) patients respectively. 3 of the 5 patients with pain (60%) showed ankylosis, erosions or narrowing of the spinal canal at cranio-cervical junction on MRI. At follow-up - after a median disease duration of cervical spine arthritis of 2.1 years and a variable duration of treatment with methotrexate (all patients) and biological agents (12 patients) - joint hyperintensity, enhancement and malalignment decreased to 15, 19 and 6 sites in 10 (77%), 11 (85%) and 3 (20%) patients respectively whereas ankylosis, erosion and narrowing of the spinal canal at cranio-cervical junction increased to 7, 6 and 4 sites in 3 (20%), 4 (31%) and 4 patients respectively. Pain was no longer reported, but 9 of 13 (69%) patients still had a limited range of motion with 6 of them (46%) showing skeletal changes on MRI. Conclusions This first MRI based follow-up study shows that cervical spine arthritis can follow a severe disease course in juvenile arthritis. While malalignments and inflammation sites decreased osseous changes with erosions, ankylosis, and narrowing of the spinal canal increased under treatment despite only minor subjective complaints. Therefore close MRI monitoring of these patients appears to be reasonable. PMID:24593886

  10. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Follow-up Questionnaire data set provides information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 201 Follow-up Questionnaires for 91 households. Medication and supplemental dietary information is provided. The Follow-up...

  11. The 49th Hour: Analysis of a Follow-up Medication and Vaccine Dispensing Field Test.

    PubMed

    Puerini, Raymond; Caum, Jessica; Francis, Natalie; Alles, Steven

    2015-01-01

    Anthrax response plans, exercises, and assessments over the past decade have focused almost exclusively on the first 48 hours of the public health response following a jurisdiction-wide exposure and provision of an initial 10-day supply of antibiotics from the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS). But mass dispensing of the subsequent 50-day course of antibiotics and administration of the 3-dose vaccine series have received considerably less attention, although these follow-up activities may prove even more complex. In 2014, the Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH) made its first foray into this next frontier of mass prophylaxis planning by: (1) researching patient safety and adherence considerations relevant to the antibiotics in the SNS; (2) designing a model for a second-visit antibiotic and vaccine point of dispensing (POD), including development of an enhanced screening protocol that assumes a higher level of medical responsibility; and (3) field testing this model during a real seasonal influenza vaccination clinic to assess throughput and accuracy and to evaluate the resources needed to operationalize this model. While the observations and data presented here provide some framework for local long-term mass prophylaxis planning efforts, many areas remain undefined, including the distribution of responsibilities among the public health and healthcare communities to ensure patient safety. In addition to presenting findings, the larger intent of this article is to initiate a dialogue with other stakeholders at the local, state, and federal levels to advance long-term mass prophylaxis planning. PMID:25812429

  12. Endoscopic features of gastro-intestinal lymphomas: From diagnosis to follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Vetro, Calogero; Romano, Alessandra; Amico, Irene; Conticello, Concetta; Motta, Giovanna; Figuera, Amalia; Chiarenza, Annalisa; Di Raimondo, Cosimo; Giulietti, Giorgio; Bonanno, Giacomo; Palumbo, Giuseppe Alberto; Di Raimondo, Francesco

    2014-01-01

    Many progresses have been done in the management of gastrointestinal (GI) lymphomas during last decades, especially after the discovery of Helicobacter pylori-dependent lymphoma development. The stepwise implementation of new endoscopic techniques, by means of echoendoscopy or double-balloon enteroscopy, enabled us to more precisely describe the endoscopic features of GI lymphomas with substantial contribution in patient management and in tailoring the treatment strategy with organ preserving approaches. In this review, we describe the recent progresses in GI lymphoma management from disease diagnosis to follow-up with a specific focus on the endoscopic presentation according to the involved site and the lymphoma subtype. Additionally, new or emerging endoscopic technologies that have an impact on the management of gastrointestinal lymphomas are reported. We here discuss the two most common subtypes of GI lymphomas: the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and the diffuse large B cell lymphoma. A general outline on the state-of-the-art of the disease and on the role of endoscopy in both diagnosis and follow-up will be performed. PMID:25278693

  13. Profile and follow-up of patients with tuberculosis in a priority city in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Jisleny da Cruz; Silva, Marcio Roberto; Costa, Ronaldo Rodrigues da; Guimarães, Mark Drew Crosland; Leite, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the cases of tuberculosis and the impact of direct follow-up on the assessment of treatment outcomes. METHODS This open prospective cohort study evaluated 504 cases of tuberculosis reported in the Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN - Notifiable Diseases Information System) in Juiz de Fora, MG, Southeastern Brazil, between 2008 and 2009. The incidence of treatment outcomes was compared between a group of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis and directly followed up by monthly consultations during return visits (287) and a patient group for which the information was indirectly collected (217) through the city's surveillance system. The Chi-square test was used to compare the percentages, with a significance level of 0.05. The relative risk (RR) was used to evaluate the differences in the incidence rate of each type of treatment outcome between the two groups. RESULTS Of the outcomes directly and indirectly evaluated, 18.5% and 3.2% corresponded to treatment default and 3.8% and 0.5% corresponded to treatment failure, respectively. The incidence of treatment default and failure was higher in the group with direct follow-up (p < 0.05) (RR = 5.72, 95%CI 2.65;12.34, and RR = 8.31, 95%CI 1.08;63.92, respectively). CONCLUSIONS A higher incidence of treatment default and failure was observed in the directly followed up group, and most of these cases were neglected by the disease reporting system. Therefore, effective measures are needed to improve the control of tuberculosis and data quality.OBJETIVO Analisar casos de tuberculose e o impacto do acompanhamento direto na detecção dos desfechos dos tratamentos. MÉTODOS Estudo de coorte aberto prospectivo com 504 casos notificados ao Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, em Juiz de Fora, MG, no período de 2008 a 2009. Foram comparadas as incidências de encerramentos dos tratamentos de um grupo de casos de tuberculose detectadas por acompanhamento direto (287) por meio de contatos mensais com os pacientes durante os seus retornos, com as coletadas indiretamente (217) por meio do sistema de registro do município. Para comparar as proporções foi utilizado o teste Qui-quadrado, com nível de significância de 0,05. O risco relativo foi utilizado para avaliar a razão de incidências de cada tipo de encerramento entre os dois grupos. RESULTADOS Dos encerramentos acompanhados, direta e indiretamente, 18,5% e 3,2% o abandonaram e 3,8% e 0,5% tiveram falência de tratamento, respectivamente. As incidências de abandono e falência dos tratamentos foram maiores no grupo com acompanhamento direto (p < 0,05) (RR = 5,72; IC95% 2,65;12,34 e RR = 8,31; IC95% 1,08;63,92), respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES Houve maior incidência de abandonos e de falências na população acompanhada diretamente que, em sua maioria, permaneceu negligenciada pelo Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação. São necessárias medidas efetivas para melhoria do controle da tuberculose e da qualidade dos dados. PMID:25741659

  14. Persistent asthma due to isocyanates. A follow-up study of subjects with occupational asthma due to toluene diisocyanate (TDI)

    SciTech Connect

    Mapp, C.E.; Corona, P.C.; De Marzo, N.; Fabbri, L.

    1988-06-01

    Thirty-five subjects with occupational asthma due to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) exposure were examined. All the subjects were studied with inhalation challenges with TDI and with methacholine. TDI asthma was documented by a positive inhalation challenge to low levels of TDI. Airway responsiveness to methacholine was in the range of asthmatic patients at the time of diagnosis. After an average follow-up interval of 10 months, all the subjects were re-examined. Of the 35 subjects examined, 30 subjects (85.7%) left the workplace, and 5 remained in the same job. Twenty-seven subjects (77.1%) continued to have asthmatic attacks requiring medication for relief of symptoms. At follow-up examination, TDI asthma was documented by a positive inhalation challenge to TDI in 27 subjects. Of these 27 TDI reactors, 22 subjects were removed from occupational exposure to TDI. The TDI reactors had persistent respiratory symptoms and airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine. At follow-up visit, 8 subjects (22.9%) lost sensitization to TDI; 5 subjects (62.5%) in this group had also normal airway responsiveness to methacholine after removal from exposure. Only 1 subject among the TDI nonreactors complained of mild respiratory symptoms. At diagnosis, there were no significant differences between subjects who recovered and those who did not with regard to age, smoking habits, atopy, duration of exposure to isocyanates, duration of symptoms, baseline FEV1 (% pred), and baseline airway responsiveness to methacholine.

  15. Treatment and follow-up strategies in desmoid tumours: a practice guideline

    PubMed Central

    Ghert, M.; Yao, X.; Corbett, T.; Gupta, A.A.; Kandel, R.A.; Verma, S.; Werier, J.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives We set out to determine the optimal treatment options—surgery, radiation therapy (rt), systemic therapy, or any combinations thereof—for patients with desmoid tumours once the decision to undergo active treatment has been made (that is, monitoring and observation have been determined to be inadequate).provide clinical-expert consensus opinions on follow-up strategies in patients with desmoid tumours after primary interventional management. Methods This guideline was developed by Cancer Care Ontario’s Program in Evidence-Based Care and the Sarcoma Disease Site Group. The medline, embase, and Cochrane Library databases, main guideline Web sites, and abstracts of relevant annual meetings (1990 to September 2012) were searched. Internal and external reviews were conducted, with final approval by the Program in Evidence-Based Care and the Sarcoma Disease Site Group. Recommendations Treatments Surgery with or without rt can be a reasonable treatment option for patients with desmoid tumours whose surgical morbidity is deemed to be low. The decision about whether rt should be offered in conjunction with surgery should be made by clinicians and patients after weighing the potential benefit of improved local control against the potential harms and toxicity associated with rt. Depending on individual patient preferences, systemic therapy alone or rt alone might also be reasonable treatment options, regardless of whether the desmoid umours are deemed to be resectable. Follow-Up Strategies Undergo evaluation for rehabilitation (occupational therapy or physical therapy, or both). Continue with rehabilitation until maximal function is achieved. Undergo history and physical examinations with appropriate imaging every 3–6 months for 2–3 years, and then annually. PMID:25089635

  16. Supporting People in the Community: A Case Study of the Residential Support Program, Centennial Developmental Services, Weld County, Colorado. Site Visit Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Pam; Salon, Rebecca

    The site visit report describes the Residential Support Program of the Centennial Developmental Services, a community-centered board providing residential services and support to persons (currently 67) with disabilities in Weld County, Colorado. Residential settings include a group home, supported apartments, foster homes, natural family homes, or…

  17. To learn more about NASA and the Office of International and Interagency Relations, please visit NASA's Web site at www.nasa.gov.

    E-print Network

    management, disaster prediction and response, and vector-borne diseases. Of the many examples of NASA. #12;To learn more about NASA and the Office of International and Interagency Relations, please visit NASA's Web site at www.nasa.gov. #12;To the Reader: When the National Aeronautics and Space

  18. Methods for successful follow-up of elusive urban populations: an ethnographic approach with homeless men.

    PubMed Central

    Conover, S.; Berkman, A.; Gheith, A.; Jahiel, R.; Stanley, D.; Geller, P. A.; Valencia, E.; Susser, E.

    1997-01-01

    Public health is paying increasing attention to elusive urban populations such as the homeless, street drug users, and illegal immigrants. Yet, valid data on the health of these populations remain scarce; longitudinal research, in particular, has been hampered by poor follow-up rates. This paper reports on the follow-up methods used in two randomized clinical trials among one such population, namely, homeless men with mental illness. Each of the two trials achieved virtually complete follow-up over 18 months. The authors describe the ethnographic approach to follow-up used in these trials and elaborate its application to four components of the follow-up: training interviewers, tracking participants, administering the research office, and conducting assessments. The ethnographic follow-up method is adaptable to other studies and other settings, and may provide a replicable model for achieving high follow-up rates in urban epidemiologic studies. PMID:9211004

  19. The trabecular bypass stent in a pseudophakic glaucoma patient: A 1-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Fea, Antonio M; Dogliani, Monica; Machetta, Federica; Lale-Lacroix, Gabriella; Brogliatti, Beatrice; Grignolo, Federico M

    2008-01-01

    Purpose To describe the 1-year success of a trabecular stent implant in a pseudophakic glaucoma patient. The stent is implanted through a small corneal incision under gonioscopic control. Intraocular pressure control was reported in cultured human anterior segment. Design Observational case report. Methods We report the case of a patient who was implanted and followed-up for 1 year at the Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Clinica. The main outcome measures were intraocular pressure and visual field. Results The patient’s intraocular pressure was controlled with topical beta-blockers for 6 months and without therapy for 6 months. Two diurnal curves demonstrated achievement of target pressure during the day. The 1-year visual field was unchanged. Conclusions We are not aware of previous reports of trabecular stent implantation in pseudophakic patients. The trabecular stent had minimal peri-operative morbidity. Identification of the implantation site is challenging and reduction of efficacy over time may occur. PMID:19668446

  20. Follow up of patients who start treatment with antidepressants: treatment satisfaction, treatment compliance, efficacy and safety

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Measuring satisfaction with treatment has proved useful to ascertain the treatment features that are most important to the patients, and to explain increased treatment compliance. However, there are few studies that relate satisfaction to other clinical or self-perceived health status indicators. Recent studies have shown the close relationship between satisfaction with treatment, treatment compliance, and effectiveness. This study attempts to design and validate a scale to evaluate satisfaction with antidepressant drug therapy, assess treatment compliance (self-reported, validated questionnaire, drug accountability and electronic monitorization system), assess efficacy in reducing depressive symptoms and safety in patients who initiate antidepressant drug therapy, as well as to establish predictors of satisfaction, compliance and effectiveness with these drugs. Methods/design This is an observational longitudinal study with a cohort of adults initiating treatment with antidepressant drugs. A multi-centre study will be performed in which 20 Primary Care practices from Castilla-La Mancha are expected to participate. An initial interview and follow-up visits at 15 days, 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months will be conducted with all study participants. 706 subjects will be studied (95% confidence interval, precision ± 3%, expected rate of non-compliance 50%, expected non-responders and lost to follow up rate 15%). The following measurements will be performed: development and validation of a scale of satisfaction with antidepressant therapy, participant and antidepressant characteristics, treatment compliance evaluation (Haynes-Sackett Test, Morisky-Green Test, drug accountability and Medication Event Monitoring System), depression symptom reduction (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale), observation of adverse effects, and beliefs about treatment (The Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire). Discussion Antidepressant drugs are an extraordinarily important therapeutic group in the pharmacy composition; economic repercussions and social impact associated to their use is clear. Despite their well-established efficacy in clinical trials, treatment non-compliance is a major obstacle to their effectiveness in clinical practice. The proposed study brings about useful conclusions to improve the results of these drugs. Additionally, devising a scale specifically designed to evaluate satisfaction with antidepressant treatment could be of interest in healthcare outcomes research. PMID:23425500

  1. Patients’ assessments of the continuity of primary care in Finland: a 15-year follow-up questionnaire survey

    PubMed Central

    Raivio, Risto; Holmberg-Marttila, Doris; Mattila, Kari J

    2014-01-01

    Background Continuity of care is an essential aspect of quality in general practice. This study is the first systematic follow-up of Finnish primary care patients’ assessments with regard to personal continuity of care. Aim To ascertain whether patient-reported longitudinal personal continuity of care is related to patient characteristics and their consultation experiences, and how this had changed over the study period. Design and setting A 15-year follow-up questionnaire survey that took place at Tampere University Hospital catchment area, Finland. Method The survey was conducted among patients attending health centres in the Tampere University Hospital catchment area from 1998 until 2013. From a sample of 363 464 patients, a total of 157 549 responded. The responses of patients who had visited a doctor during the survey weeks (n = 97 468) were analysed. Continuity of care was assessed by asking the question: ‘When visiting the health centre, do you usually see the same doctor?’; patients could answer ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Results Approximately half of the responders had met the same doctor when visiting the healthcare centre. Personal continuity of care decreased by 15 percentage points (from 66% to 51%) during the study years. The sense of continuity was linked to several patients’ experiences of the consultation. The most prominent factor contributing to the sense of continuity of care was having a doctor who was specifically appointed (odds ratio 7.28, 95% confidence interval = 6.65 to 7.96). Conclusion Continuity of care was proven to enhance the experienced quality of primary care. Patients felt that continuity of care was best realised when they could consult a doctor who had been specifically appointed to them. Despite efforts of the authorities, over the past 15 years patient-reported continuity of care has declined in Finland. PMID:25267052

  2. Long-term follow-up of tibial bone graft for correction of alveolar cleft

    PubMed Central

    Al Harbi, Hamad; Al Yamani, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    Aims: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the quality and stability of autogenous tibial bone graft for the correction of alveolar bone defects in cleft patients in a long-term study as well as to evaluate the postoperative morbidity and risk of complications. Materials and Methods: A total of 47 patients with 55 donor sites were involved in this study. The first author performed all the procedures from 2003 to 2011. Medial and lateral approaches were used to harvest the bone with standardized surgical technique. Evaluation in both donor and recipient sites was done by clinical examination, postoperative pain and recovery, and radiographic examination by Panoramic and occlusal X-rays and lateral X-ray for the tibia. Moreover, the donor site was assessed for functionality and mobility based on the Lysholm score. Finally, the patient's experience was evaluated subjectively utilizing a visual analog scale. Results: The surgical outcome was satisfied in all except two cases with total graft resorption for unknown reasons. Regarding the postoperative patient experience we found that patients experienced pain in the recipient site more than they did at the donor site at 24-hour and two-week follow-ups. Conclusion: We conclude that the proximal tibia is a safe site from which cancellous bone graft can be harvested to repair the alveolus as it carries less early and late morbidity. Thus, we suggest that the tibia is an excellent choice as a donor site for alveolar bone grafting in children and adult with cleft lip and palate with satisfactory long-term stability. PMID:23482654

  3. The Essen Stroke Risk Score in One-Year Follow-Up Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sabine Fitzek; Lutz Leistritz; Otto W. Witte; Peter U. Heuschmann; Clemens Fitzek

    2011-01-01

    Background and Purpose: We aimed to validate the usefulness of the Essen Stroke Risk Score (ESRS) to predict stroke recurrence in a hospital-based follow-up study. Methods: We followed up 730 consecutive patients admitted to a neurological stroke unit in Berlin, Germany, with ischemic stroke (IS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA). The mean follow-up time was 13.4 months (SD 5.9). We

  4. The role of follow-up in achieving results from self-assessment processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew W. Ford; James R. Evans

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to investigate follow-up as a salient factor in achieving results from organizational self-assessment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected from 14 organizations involved in self-assessment. Qualitative methods were used to analyze the follow-up patterns in high and low achievers to discern key factors of follow-up and their relationship to self-assessment outcomes. Findings –

  5. Long-term Follow-up of Patients' Status after Gastric Bypass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James E. Mitchell; Kathryn L. Lancaster; Melissa A. Burgard; L. Michael Howell; Dean D. Krahn; Ross D. Crosby; Stephen A. Wonderlich; Blake A. Gosnell

    2001-01-01

    Background: We report a long-term (13-15 year) follow-up of a cohort of 100 patients who underwent gastric bypass for morbid\\u000a obesity. Methods: Sources of information include baseline data collected before surgery and information obtained at follow-up\\u000a interview including data on weight history, psychosocial functioning, and medical complications. Results: Mean age at follow-up\\u000a was 56.8 years. The mean weight loss at

  6. Prognosis of Transient Global Amnesia: A Long-Term Follow-Up Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Gandolfo; C. Caponnetto; M. Conti; N. Dagnino; M. Del Sette; A. Primavera

    1992-01-01

    A long-term follow-up study was performed on patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) in order to evaluate the prognosis, the recurrence rate and the occurrence of stroke and dementia. 102 patients (57 women, 45 men; mean age 62.8 ± 9.4 years) were prospectively included and followed up. The follow-up duration ranged between 12 and 241 months with an average value

  7. Ground-based follow-up of Solar System objects detected by Gaia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thuillot, W.; Carry, B.; Berthier, J.; David, P.; Devillepoix, H.; Hestroffer, D.

    2014-07-01

    In the frame of the DPAC consortium preparing the Gaia mission, a specific follow-up activity has been set up in order to ensure best scientific return related to solar-system-object (SSO) science. This activity encompasses a system of alerts for newly detected objects provided by CNES, the French data center in charge of the Solar System data processing, and IMCCE, to organize and publish the alerts, and to retrieve the objects astrometry and feed the Minor Planet Center database. We are expecting in particular the detection of new near-Earth objects (NEO) at low solar elongation, or even inner-Earth objects. Owing to its observing mode, the satellite will not be able to monitor these objects after discovery and they could be lost. It is thus important to consolidate and improve their orbital parameters. This is the objective of the SSO ground-based follow-up. Once the objective is reached, it is possible to update the auxiliary database of orbital elements used within the Gaia data reduction pipeline for identifying the known SSOs and to allow Gaia to subsequently identify these objects properly during its mission. In order to reach these goals we have carried out two main activities: -- We have developed a pipeline for processing the Gaia raw data that will be received, and for disseminating only the topocentric data useful for observers in an automatized way -- We have set up a worldwide network of observing stations, the Gaia-FUN-SSO network (shortly described at https://www.imcce.fr/gaia-fun-sso/). At this date, 55 observing sites have registered and many participants have already contributed to several training campaigns for NEO observations. We will describe both activities and we will give preliminary results regarding the Gaia Solar System alerts, depending on the status of the triggering system during this early stage of the mission.

  8. HPV clearance in postpartum period of HIV-positive and negative women: a prospective follow-up study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background HPV persistence is a key determinant of cervical carcinogenesis. The influence of postpartum on HPV clearance has been debated. This study aimed to assess HPV clearance in later pregnancy and postpartum among HIV-positive and negative women. Methods We conducted a follow-up study with 151 HPV-positive women coinfected with HIV, in 2007–2010. After baseline assessment, all women were retested for HPV infection using PCR in later pregnancy and after delivery. Multivariable logistic regressions assessed the putative association of covariates with HPV status in between each one of the successive visits. Results Seventy-one women (47%) have eliminated HPV between the baseline visit and their second or third visits. HIV-positive women took a significantly longer time (7.0?±?3.8 months) to clear HPV, compared to those not infected by HIV (5.9?±?3.0 months). HPV clearance was significantly more likely to take place after delivery than during pregnancy (84.5% x 15.5%). Conclusions Both HIV-positive and negative women presented a significant reduction in HPV infection during the postpartum period. HIV-positive status was found to be associated with a longer period of time to clear HPV infection in pregnant women. PMID:24289532

  9. [Spinal metastases. Value of diagnostic procedures in the initial diagnosis and follow-up].

    PubMed

    Link, T M; Sciuk, J; Fründt, H; Konermann, W; Schober, O; Peters, P E

    1995-01-01

    In this retrospective study plain radiographs, radionuclide bone scans, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MRT) examinations of 115 patients with metastatic carcinoma of the spine were analyzed. In 32 patients metastases were proven histologically and in the remainder by follow-up studies. Altogether, 513 vertebrae were evaluated. Forty-one patients had histologically proven breast cancer, 14 renal cell carcinoma, 11 prostate cancer, 8 melanoma. 8 tumors of the gastrointestinal system and 7 bronchial carcinoma. Evaluation of the plain films showed that the initial site of metastasis (n = 463) was the vertebral body in 441 cases and the pedicles in 294 cases. In CT scans most of the lesions confined to one part of the vertebral body (36 of 98) were localized in the posterior part. Twelve percent of the metastases were diagnosed with conventional radiography and 17% of those diagnosed with CT were not detected in skeletal scintigraphy. MRI was rarely used in diagnosing occult vertebral metastases (n = 37); 22% of the metastases demonstrated by MRI were not detected in skeletal scintigraphy. We concluded that only in 63.8% was the pedicle sign the initial site of metastasis on plain films. Bone scans and plain films are the most important diagnostic procedures for detecting and monitoring vertebral metastases. CT and MRI are only needed in patients with neurological symptoms and persistent pain. PMID:7892439

  10. Resequencing and follow-up of neurexin 1 (NRXN1) in schizophrenia patients.

    PubMed

    Mühleisen, Thomas W; Basmanav, F Buket; Forstner, Andreas J; Mattheisen, Manuel; Priebe, Lutz; Herms, Stefan; Breuer, Rene; Moebus, Susanne; Nenadic, Igor; Sauer, Heinrich; Mössner, Rainald; Maier, Wolfgang; Rujescu, Dan; Ludwig, Michael; Rietschel, Marcella; Nöthen, Markus M; Cichon, Sven

    2011-04-01

    Large rare deletions in NRXN1 increase the risk for schizophrenia. The aim of the present study was to determine whether small rare sequence changes in exons and splice sites contribute to the development of schizophrenia in a high-penetrance manner. Complete coding regions and splice sites were resequenced in 94 patients and 94 controls. Among the 16 rare sequence variants, two missense substitutions (E201G and I1068V) were observed in single patients but not in controls. Investigation of DNA samples from family members and in silico analysis of possible effects on protein function produced no evidence of high-penetrance genetic effects. Follow-up genotyping of the most promising findings (E201G and I1068V) in an independent sample of >1400 patients and >1100 controls revealed no overrepresentation in patients compared to controls (E201G: 0/1 and I1068V: 0/0). Since I1068V was observed in a single patient, it is impossible to exclude the possibility that I1068V makes a minor contribution to schizophrenia susceptibility. Overall, however, the results do not suggest the existence of rare, highly penetrant NRXN1 mutations in patients with schizophrenia. PMID:21288692

  11. Five-Year Follow-Up to a Behavioral Weight-Loss Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, L. E., II; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Followed-up 60 participants in a behavioral weight-loss program 4.5 years posttreatment. An inexpensive follow-up class was associated with the recruitment of the majority of participants. The most successful weight-loss maintainers reported adhering to behavioral procedures and being more physically active. (Author/JAC)

  12. Follow-Up Studies in Nursing: A Case for Determining Whether Program Objectives Are Achieved.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaBelle, Beverly M.; Egan, Ellen C.

    A follow-up study of graduates from St. Mary's Junior College (Minnesota) associate degree nursing program is used to demonstrate a multi-trait, multi-method basis for arriving at faculty judgments about the outcomes of a program. The follow-up study attempted to determine: (1) graduates' and employing agencies' perceptions of competencies four…

  13. Factors associated with work resumption: a 5 year follow-up with cardiac patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M Myrtek; A Kaiser; B Rauch; G Jansen

    1997-01-01

    Physiological and psychological parameters of 41 cardiac patients who retired after an inpatient rehabilitation treatment in Germany were compared with those of 41 patients (matched exactly according to sex, age, and diagnosis) who worked after a 5 year follow-up. Both samples were selected from a large pool of 733 consecutive cardiac patients participating in the rehabilitation program with follow-ups at

  14. Documentation for the 2008-09 Teacher Follow-up Survey. NCES 2011-304

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Shawna; Parmer, Randall; Chambers, Lisa; Tourkin, Steven; Lyter, Deanna M.

    2011-01-01

    The Teacher Follow-up Survey (TFS) is sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) on behalf of the U.S. Department of Education and is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. TFS is a follow-up survey of selected elementary and secondary school teachers who participated in the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). SASS is the…

  15. Compilation of Case Studies: Exemplary Placement and Follow-Up Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dale, Jack

    Examples of placement and follow-up conceptual models developed for a program of vocational education (kindergarten through university) are presented. Section 1 contains a historical overview of placement and follow-up activities in Florida and describes a comprehensive model. Section 2, describing a model for utilizing community resources for the…

  16. Phoning Logistics in a Longitudinal Follow-Up of Batterers and Their Partners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gondolf, Edward W.; Deemer, Crystal

    2004-01-01

    More needs to be known about the phoning logistics of interviewing subjects for longitudinal follow-up studies in the domestic violence field. Using phoning logs from a 4-year follow-up of batterer intervention, the authors calculated the number, results, and costs of phone calls from a sub sample of 100 men and 138 women. The number of calls is…

  17. SW3A: Web-Based System for Academic Assessment and Follow-Up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Celso Freire Junior; Edson Luiz França Senne; Galeno José de Sena

    2007-01-01

    This work presents the development of a Web based system for Academic Assessment and Follow-up which is being developed for allowing educational institutions to manage both the application of eval uation processes of the teaching activities and the pedago gic follow-up of their courses. This system will make i t possible to collect the students' opinion about the disciplines, teachers

  18. NHEXAS PHASE I REGION 5 STUDY--FOOD FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    This data set includes responses for 163 food follow-up questionnaires. The food diary follow-up questionnaire was used to identify how the dietary patterns observed for study participants who had submitted duplicate diet samples and completed the associated food diary related to...

  19. Adenoma characteristics at first colonoscopy as predictors of adenoma recurrence and characteristics at follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rosalind U. van Stolk; Gerald J. Beck; John A. Baron; Robert Haile; Robert Summers

    1998-01-01

    Background & Aims: All patients with colorectal adenomas may not require identical follow-up. We aimed to determine if adenoma characteristics at initial colonoscopy could predict adenoma recurrence or characteristics at follow-up. Methods: The number of adenomas and the size, type, and degree of atypia in 479 patients in a polyp prevention trial were evaluated as predictors of the same characteristics

  20. Follow-Up Study of 1980 Career Alumni. Volume XI, No. 20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, John A.

    In 1981, a follow-up study of 1979-80 students in William Rainey Harper College's (WRHC's) career programs was conducted to gather information about former students' employment and/or educational status and to obtain their evaluations of WRHC's programs and services. After two questionnaire mailings and a telephone follow-up of 681 former…

  1. Bone destruction, upward migration, and medialisation of rheumatoid shoulder: a 15 year follow up study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J T Lehtinen; E A Belt; M J Kauppi; K Kaarela; P P Kuusela; H J Kautiainen; M U K Lehto

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVETo evaluate bone destruction, upward migration, and medialisation of the glenohumeral (GH) joint in a cohort of 74 patients with seropositive and erosive rheumatoid arthritis followed up prospectively.METHODSAt the 15 year follow up 148 shoulders were radiographed by a standard method. Bone destruction in the GH joint was examined from the radiographs by four methods, of which three measured the

  2. Maximal Aneurysm Diameter Follow-up is Inadequate after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JJ Wever; JD Blankensteijn; WP Th. M. Mali; BC Eikelboom

    2000-01-01

    Background: follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EAR) generally consists of serial diameter measurements. A size change after EAR, however, is the consequence of alterations of the excluded aneurysm sac volume. Objective: to assess the agreement between diameter measurements and volume measurements after endovascular aneurysm repair. Patients and methods: from 53 consecutive patients scheduled for EAR, follow-up of at

  3. Career Program Completers. 1989-90 Long-Term Follow-Up Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson County Community Coll., Overland Park, KS. Office of Institutional Research.

    In summer 1994, a long-term follow-up study was conducted of 1989-90 graduates of career programs at Johnson County Community College (JCCC) in Kansas. A survey was mailed to 536 graduates, certificate holders, and students who left JCCC with marketable skills to assess their satisfaction with JCCC and their jobs. With telephone follow-up, a…

  4. NHEXAS PHASE I REGION 5 STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA (MONITORING PERIOD 1)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This data set includes responses for 249 follow-up questionnaires collected during the first week-long monitoring period. The Follow-up Questionnaire was used to provide information on relatively infrequent (e.g., less than daily) activities during the sampling period to explain ...

  5. NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--FOOD FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Food Follow-up Questionnaire data set provides information on the eating patterns and the food identification and preparation methods that occurred during the period the food sample was taken. The information is for 179 Food Follow-up Questionnaires for 179 households. In t...

  6. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--FOOD FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Food Follow-up Questionnaire data set provides information on the eating patterns and the food identification and preparation methods that occurred during the period the food sample was taken. The information is for 86 Food Follow-up Questionnaires for 86 households. In the...

  7. NHEXAS PHASE I REGION 5 STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA (ALL MONITORING PERIODS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This data set includes responses for 249 participants with a total of 444 follow-up questionnaires. Some participants were studied for more than one monitoring period. The Follow-up Questionnaire was used to provide information on relatively infrequent (e.g., less than daily) ac...

  8. Utility of Follow-Up Skeletal Surveys in Suspected Child Physical Abuse Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Stephanie; Makoroff, Kathi; Care, Marguerite; Thomas, Amy; Shapiro, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the utility of a follow-up skeletal survey in suspected child physical abuse evaluations. Methods: In this prospective study, follow-up skeletal surveys were recommended for 74 children who, after an initial skeletal survey and evaluation by the Child Abuse Team, were suspected victims of physical abuse. The number and…

  9. Microsoft Word - App 6-16 Specifications for the Follow-Up of Positive Scre…

    Cancer.gov

    Lung Screening Study Version 3.0 Manual of Operations and Procedures 11/15/00 Appendix 6-16 Lung Screening Study Specifications for Completion of the Follow-Up Log This form is to be completed by an SC staff member to document follow-up for participants

  10. System Characteristic Opinion Study (SCOS-DELPHI). Project FOLLOW-UP.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Jeannene

    Using the Delphi technique, the staff of Project FOLLOW-UP surveyed community college educators in Texas to determine desirable characteristics and uniformity of terminology and definitions for a proposed statewide student follow-up management information system for Texas community colleges. Of 234 individuals invited to become Delphi panel…

  11. Men with Intellectual Disabilities Who Have Attended Sex Offender Treatment Groups: A Follow-up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heaton, Kathryn M.; Murphy, Glynis H.

    2013-01-01

    Background: There have been a number of studies of treatment for men with intellectual disabilities and sexually abusive behaviour but few follow-up studies. Our aim was to follow up men with intellectual disabilities who had attended group cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) for sexually abusive behaviour. Method Thirty-four men (from seven…

  12. Thirty-Month Follow-Up of Drinking Moderation Training for Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walitzer, Kimberly S.; Connors, Gerard J.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the durability of a group-based drinking moderation training for heavily drinking women reporting low physical dependence on alcohol. A 30-month follow-up of participants was conducted based on a previous study of 144 women randomly assigned to treatment conditions (G. J. Connors & K. S. Walitzer, 2001). Thirty-month follow-up

  13. EA follow-up in the Ghanaian mining sector: Challenges and opportunities

    SciTech Connect

    Appiah-Opoku, Seth, E-mail: sappiah@bama.ua.edu [Geography Department, University of Alabama, 230 Farrah Hall, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 (United States)] [Geography Department, University of Alabama, 230 Farrah Hall, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 (United States); Bryan, Hobson C. [Geography Department, University of Alabama, 330 Farrah Hall, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 (United States)] [Geography Department, University of Alabama, 330 Farrah Hall, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 (United States)

    2013-07-15

    Environmental assessment (EA) follow-up provides a means for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of environmental impact studies. It is integral to the success or failure of a project or program. In spite of its importance, very little attention is given to the need for follow-up programs in most jurisdictions in Africa. Using a case study in the Ghanaian mining sector, this paper explores the challenges and opportunities within the country's EA process for an effective follow-up program. The paper is based on informal interviews, content analysis of relevant publications, official EA documents, and internet searches. The authors suggest a standard EA follow-up program to be formalized as an integral part of Ghana's environmental assessment policy. They also propose a follow-up process that harnesses existing opportunities within the country's EA system. This approach can be replicated in other African countries.

  14. Quality of life in the follow-up of uveal melanoma patients after CyberKnife treatment.

    PubMed

    Klingenstein, Annemarie; Fürweger, Christoph; Nentwich, Martin M; Schaller, Ulrich C; Foerster, Paul I; Wowra, Berndt; Muacevic, Alexander; Eibl, Kirsten H

    2013-12-01

    To assess quality of life in uveal melanoma patients within the first and second year after CyberKnife radiosurgery. Overall, 91 uveal melanoma patients were evaluated for quality of life through the Short-form (SF-12) Health Survey at baseline and at every follow-up visit over 2 years after CyberKnife radiosurgery. Statistical analysis was carried out using SF Health Outcomes Scoring Software and included subgroup analysis of patients developing secondary glaucoma and of patients maintaining a best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the treated eye of 0.5 log(MAR) or better. Analysis of variance, Greenhouse-Geisser correction, Student's t-test, and Fisher's exact test were used to determine statistical significance. Physical Functioning (PF) and Role Physical (RP) showed a significant decrease after CyberKnife radiosurgery, whereas Mental Health (MH) improved (P=0.007, P<0.0001 and P=0.023). MH and Social Functioning (SF) increased significantly (P=0.0003 and 0.026) in the no glaucoma group, MH being higher compared with glaucoma patients (P=0.02). PF and RP were significantly higher in patients with higher BCVA at the second follow-up (P=0.02). RP decreased in patients with BCVA<0.5 log(MAR) (P=0.013). Vitality (VT) increased significantly in patients whose BCVA could be preserved (P=0.031). Neither tumor localization nor size influenced the development of secondary glaucoma or change in BCVA. Although PF and RP decreased over time, MH improved continuously. Prevention of secondary glaucoma has a significant influence on both SF and MH, whereas preservation of BCVA affects VT. Emotional stability throughout follow-up contributes positively toward overall quality of life. CyberKnife radiosurgery may contribute to attenuation of emotional distress in uveal melanoma patients. PMID:24048223

  15. Quality of cancer follow-up care: a focus on Latina breast cancer survivors

    PubMed Central

    Ashing, Kimlin; Napoles, Anna

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Receiving quality cancer follow-up care influences survivorship outcomes. Among Latinas, breast cancer is the number one cause of cancer death; yet Latinas do not receive adequate follow-up care. This study examined quality of cancer follow-up care among Latina breast cancer survivors (BCS) and whether it differs by participant language and healthcare system variables (provider specialty, and medical setting). Methods Two hundred thirty-two (95 English-speaking Latina and 137 Spanish-speaking) Latina BCS were recruited from the California Cancer Registry, hospital cancer registries, and community agencies. Results English-speaking Latina BCS were more likely to report receiving cancer follow-up care at a doctor’s office (p<0.001). BCS without a regular place for cancer follow-up care were more likely to report not seeing a primary care provider (p<0.05) or cancer specialist (p<0.001) in the past 12 months. English-speaking Latina BCS (p<0.001), BCS who saw a cancer specialist in the past 12 months (p<0.001), and received follow-up care at a doctor’s office (p<0.05) reported higher quality of care. Speaking English, having seen a cancer specialist, and receiving follow-up care at a doctor’s office were independently associated with higher quality of care, explaining 44 % of the variance. Conclusions Our study findings suggest that examining the influence of ethnic and linguistic factors on quality of cancer follow-up care is necessary to address health disparities. Improved access to cancer follow-up care for Spanish-speaking Latina BCS is of particular concern. Implication of Cancer Survivors Identifying follow-up care needs of Latina BCS may contribute to providing high-quality care and improved survivorship outcomes. PMID:24563169

  16. Factors associated with intentions to adhere to colorectal cancer screening follow-up exams

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Ying-Fang; Saito, Tami; Takahashi, Miyako; Ishibashi, Teruo; Kai, Ichiro

    2006-01-01

    Background To increase adherence rate to recommendations for follow-up after abnormal colorectal cancer (CRC) screening results, factors that inhibit and facilitate follow-up must be identified. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with intention to adhere to CRC screening follow-up exams. Methods During a 4-week period in October 2003, this survey was conducted with 426 subjects participating in a community-based CRC screening program in Nagano, Japan. Study measures included intention to adhere to recommendation for clinical follow-up in the event of an abnormal fecal occult blood test (FOBT) result, perceived susceptibility and severity of CRC, perceived benefits and barriers related to undergoing follow-up examination, social support, knowledge of CRC risk factors, health status, previous CRC screening, personality and social demographic characteristics. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses on intention to adhere to recommendations for follow-up were performed. Results Among the 288 individuals analyzed, approximately 74.7% indicated that they would definitely adhere to recommendations for follow-up. After controlling for age, gender, marital status, education, economic status, trait anxiety, bowel symptoms, family history of CRC, and previous screening FOBT, analyses revealed that lower levels of perceived barriers, higher levers of perceived benefits and knowledge of CRC risk factors were significantly associated with high intention respectively. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that future interventions should focus on reducing modifiable barriers by clarifying misperceptions about follow-up, promoting the acceptance of complete diagnostic evaluations, addressing psychological distress, and making follow-up testing more convenient and accessible. Moreover, educating the public regarding the risk factors of CRC and increasing understanding of the benefits of follow-up is also important. PMID:17083746

  17. The outcome of intrathecal baclofen treatment on spastic diplegia: Preliminary results with a minimum of two year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Shilt, Jeffrey S; Reeves, Susan; Lai, Lawrence P; Wetter, Jeremy; Cabrera, Michael N; Kolaski, Kat; Smith, Beth P

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to report the short-term outcome of intrathecal baclofen therapy on the function of individuals with diplegic cerebral palsy (CP) and the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of their caregivers. Eight pediatric patients with spastic diplegia were treated with ITB following failed oral spasticity management and were followed for a minimum of 2 years. Physical and functional outcomes were assessed using Ashworth Scores (AS), Physician Rating Scale (PRS), and a subset of the Functional Independence Measure for children (WeeFIM). HRQL was assessed using SF-36, CES-D short form, Impact on Family Scale, Life Orientation Test, Rand Social Support Scale, and Social Desirability Scale. At final follow-up, AS was significantly reduced (all p ? 0.03). The PRS scale showed statistically significant improvement in four out of six subscales: median gait pattern (p = 0.05), median hind foot strike (p = 0.03), median knee position (p = 0.03) and median hind foot gait (p = 0.05). The WeeFIM score improved significantly with a mean increase of 32% (p = 0.03). ITB therapy significantly reduced spasticity and improved the function of these eight children with diplegic CP. HRQL of the parents or the caregivers remained stable despite the surgical intervention and follow-up visits required for pump refills. PMID:21791773

  18. Long-term follow-up after bronchoscopic lung volume reduction treatment with coils in patients with severe emphysema

    PubMed Central

    Hartman, Jorine E; Klooster, Karin; Gortzak, Kiki; ten Hacken, Nick HT; Slebos, Dirk-Jan

    2015-01-01

    Background and objective Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction coil (LVR-coil) treatment has been shown to be safe and clinically effective in patients with severe emphysema in the short term; however, long-term safety and effectiveness has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term safety and effectiveness of LVR-coil treatment in patients with severe emphysema. Methods Thirty-eight patients with severe emphysema (median age is 59 years, forced expiratory volume in 1?s is 27% predicted) who were treated in LVR-coil clinical trials were invited for a voluntary annual visit. Safety was evaluated by chest X-ray and recording of adverse events and by efficacy by pulmonary function testing, 6-min walk distance (6MWD) and questionnaires. Results Thirty-five patients visited the hospital 1 year, 27 patients 2 years and 22 patients 3 years following coil placement. No coil migrations were observed on X-rays. At 1-year follow-up, all clinical outcomes significantly improved compared with baseline. At 2 years, residual volume % pred, modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) and the SGRQ score were still significantly improved. At 3 years, a significant improvement in mMRC score remained, with 40% of the patients reaching the 6MWD minimal important difference, and 59% for the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) minimal important difference. Conclusions Follow-up of the patients treated with LVR-coils in our pilot studies showed that the coil treatment is safe with no late pneumothoraces, coil migrations or unexpected adverse events. Clinical benefit gradually declines over time; at 3 years post-treatment, around 50% of the patients maintained improvement in 6MWD, SGRQ and mMRC. PMID:25418910

  19. Long-term follow-up of study participants from prophylactic HIV vaccine clinical trials in Africa

    PubMed Central

    Schmidt, Claudia; Jaoko, Walter; Omosa-Manyonyi, Gloria; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Mpendo, Juliet; Nanvubya, Annet; Karita, Etienne; Bayingana, Roger; Bekker, Linda-Gail; Chomba, Elwyn; Kilembe, William; Nchabeleng, Maphoshane; Nyombayire, Julien; Stevens, Gwynn; Chetty, Paramesh; Lehrman, Jennifer; Cox, Josephine; Allen, Susan; Dally, Len; Smith, Carol; Fast, Patricia E

    2014-01-01

    Long-term safety is critical for the development and later use of a vaccine to prevent HIV/AIDS. Likewise, the persistence of vaccine-induced antibodies and their impact on HIV testing must be established. IAVI has sponsored several Phase I and IIA HIV vaccine trials enrolling healthy, HIV-seronegative African volunteers. Plasmid DNA and viral vector based vaccines were tested. No vaccine-related serious adverse events were reported. After completion of vaccine trials conducted between 2001–2007, both vaccine and placebo recipients were offered enrolment into an observational long-term follow-up study (LTFU) to monitor potential late health effects and persistence of immune responses. At scheduled 6-monthly clinic visits, a health questionnaire was administered; clinical events were recorded and graded for severity. Blood was drawn for HIV testing and cellular immune assays. 287 volunteers were enrolled; total follow-up after last vaccination was 1463 person years (median: 5.2 years). Ninety-three (93)% of volunteers reported good health at their last LTFU visit. Infectious diseases and injuries accounted for almost 50% of the 175 reported clinical events, of which over 95% were mild or moderate in severity. There were 30 six pregnancies, six incident HIV infections and 14 volunteers reported cases of social harm. Persistence of immune responses was rare. No safety signal was identified. No potentially vaccine-related medical condition, no immune mediated disease, or malignancy was reported. HIV vaccines studied in these trials had a low potential of induction of persisting HIV antibodies. PMID:24374365

  20. Long-term follow-up of study participants from prophylactic HIV vaccine clinical trials in Africa.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Claudia; Jaoko, Walter; Omosa-Manyonyi, Gloria; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Mpendo, Juliet; Nanvubya, Annet; Karita, Etienne; Bayingana, Roger; Bekker, Linda-Gail; Chomba, Elwyn; Kilembe, William; Nchabeleng, Maphoshane; Nyombayire, Julien; Stevens, Gwynn; Chetty, Paramesh; Lehrman, Jennifer; Cox, Josephine; Allen, Susan; Dally, Len; Smith, Carol; Fast, Patricia E

    2014-01-01

    Long-term safety is critical for the development and later use of a vaccine to prevent HIV/AIDS. Likewise, the persistence of vaccine-induced antibodies and their impact on HIV testing must be established. IAVI has sponsored several Phase I and IIA HIV vaccine trials enrolling healthy, HIV-seronegative African volunteers. Plasmid DNA and viral vector based vaccines were tested. No vaccine-related serious adverse events were reported. After completion of vaccine trials conducted between 2001-2007, both vaccine and placebo recipients were offered enrolment into an observational long-term follow-up study (LTFU) to monitor potential late health effects and persistence of immune responses. At scheduled 6-monthly clinic visits, a health questionnaire was administered; clinical events were recorded and graded for severity. Blood was drawn for HIV testing and cellular immune assays. 287 volunteers were enrolled; total follow-up after last vaccination was 1463 person years (median: 5.2 years). Ninety-three (93)% of volunteers reported good health at their last LTFU visit. Infectious diseases and injuries accounted for almost 50% of the 175 reported clinical events, of which over 95% were mild or moderate in severity. There were 30 six pregnancies, six incident HIV infections and 14 volunteers reported cases of social harm. Persistence of immune responses was rare. No safety signal was identified. No potentially vaccine-related medical condition, no immune mediated disease, or malignancy was reported. HIV vaccines studied in these trials had a low potential of induction of persisting HIV antibodies. PMID:24374365

  1. Nonreturning Students Data Summary--1976-77. Tex-SIS Follow-up; Postsecondary Student Follow-up Management Information System. Monograph 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Toni; Reed, Jim

    A total of 2,782 nonreturning occupational and transfer students responded to a series of surveys conducted by 13 Texas community colleges during fall 1977 as part of the Tex-SIS (Student Information System) Follow-up System. Information on college majors, educational goals, reasons for not re-enrolling, satisfaction with college experience,…

  2. Nonreturning Students Data Summary--1975-76. Tex-SIS FOLLOW-UP; Postsecondary Student Follow-up Management Information Systems. Monograph 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Dept. of Occupational Education and Technology.

    A total of 3,254 nonreturning occupational/technical and university transfer/academic students responded to a series of surveys conducted throughout Texas during fall 1976 as part of the Tex-SIS (Student Information System) Follow-up System. Information on college majors, education goals, reasons for not re-enrolling, satisfaction with educational…

  3. Observational follow-up study following two cohorts of children with severe pneumonia after discharge from day care clinic/hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    PubMed Central

    Alam, Nur H; Chisti, Mohammod Jobayer; Salam, Mohammed Abdus; Ahmed, Tahmeed; Gyr, Niklaus

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To compare the features of relapse, morbidity, mortality and re-hospitalisation following successful discharge after severe pneumonia in children between a day care group and a hospital group and to explore the predictors of failures during 3?months of follow-up. Design An observational study following two cohorts of children with severe pneumonia for 3?months after discharge from hospital/clinic. Setting Day care was provided at the Radda Clinic and hospital care at a hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Participants Children aged 2–59?months with severe pneumonia attending the clinic/hospital who survived to discharge. Intervention No intervention was done except providing some medications for minor illnesses, if indicated. Primary outcome measures The primary outcome measures were the proportion of successes and failures of day care at follow-up visits as determined by estimating the OR with 95% CI in comparison to hospital care. Results The authors enrolled 360 children with a mean (SD) age of 8 (7)?months, 81% were infants and 61% were men. The follow-up compliance dropped from 95% at first to 85% at sixth visit. The common morbidities during the follow-up period included cough (28%), fever (17%), diarrhoea (9%) and rapid breathing (7%). During the follow-up period, significantly more day care children (n=22 (OR 12.2 (95% CI 8.2–17.8))) required re-hospitalisation after completion of initial day care compared with initial hospital care group (n=11 (OR 6.1 (95% CI 3.4–10.6))). The predictors for failure were associated with tachycardia, tachypnoea and hypoxaemia on admission and prolonged duration of stay. Conclusions There are considerable morbidities in children discharged following treatment of severe pneumonia like cough, fever, rapid breathing and diarrhoea during 3-month period. The findings indicate the importance of follow-up for early detection of medical problems and their management to reduce the risk of death. Establishment of an effective community follow-up would be ideal to address the problem of ‘non-compliance with follow-up’. Trial registration The original randomised control trial comparing day care with hospital care was registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (identifier NCT00455468). PMID:22842561

  4. Follow-up care for breast cancer survivors: improving patient outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Chopra, Ishveen; Chopra, Avijeet

    2014-01-01

    Background Appropriate follow-up care is important for improving health outcomes in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) and requires determination of the optimum intensity of clinical examination and surveillance, assessment of models of follow-up care such as primary care-based follow-up, an understanding of the goals of follow-up care, and unique psychosocial aspects of care for these patients. The objective of this systematic review was to identify studies focusing on follow-up care in BCSs from the patient’s and physician’s perspective or from patterns of care and to integrate primary empirical evidence on the different aspects of follow-up care from these studies. Methods A comprehensive literature review and evaluation was conducted for all relevant publications in English from January 1, 1990 to December 31, 2013 using electronic databases. Studies were included in the final review if they focused on BCS’s preferences and perceptions, physician’s perceptions, patterns of care, and effectiveness of follow-up care. Results A total of 47 studies assessing the different aspects of follow-up care were included in the review, with a majority of studies (n=13) evaluating the pattern of follow-up care in BCSs, followed by studies focusing on BCS’s perceptions (n=9) and preferences (n=9). Most of the studies reported variations in recommended frequency, duration, and intensity of follow-up care as well as frequency of mammogram screening. In addition, variations were noted in patient preferences for type of health care provider (specialist versus non-specialist). Further, BCSs perceived a lack of psychosocial support and information for management of side effects. Conclusion The studies reviewed, conducted in a range of settings, reflect variations in different aspects of follow-up care. Further, this review also provides useful insight into the unique concerns and needs of BCSs for follow-up care. Thus, clinicians and decision-makers need to understand BCS’s preferences in providing appropriate follow-up care tailored specifically for each patient. PMID:25210481

  5. Using technology to deliver cancer follow-up: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background People with cancer receive regular structured follow up after initial treatment, usually by a specialist in a cancer centre. Increasing numbers of cancer survivors prompts interest in alternative structured follow-up models. There is worldwide evidence of increasing interest in delivering cancer follow-up using technology. This review sough evidence supporting the use of technology in cancer follow-up from good quality randomised controlled trials. Method A search strategy was developed to identify randomised controlled trials and reviews of randomised trials of interventions delivering some aspect of structured cancer follow-up using new technologies. Databases searched were: All EBM Reviews; Embase; Medline (No Revisions); Medline (Non-Indexed Citations), and CAB Abstracts. Included articles were published in English between 2000 and 2014. Key words were generated by the research question. Papers were read independently and appraised using a standardised checklist by two researchers, with differences being resolved by consensus [J Epidemiol Community Health, 52:377–384, 1998]. Information was collected on the purpose, process, results and limitations of each study. All outcomes were considered, but particular attention paid to areas under consideration in the review question. Results The search strategy generated 22879 titles. Following removal of duplicates and abstract review 17 full papers pertaining to 13 randomised controlled studies were reviewed. Studies varied in technologies used and the elements of follow-up delivered, length of follow-up, tumour type and numbers participating. Most studies employed only standard telephone follow-up. Most studies involved women with breast cancer and included telephone follow-up. Together the results suggest that interventions comprising technology had not compromised patient satisfaction or safety, as measured by symptoms, health related quality of life or psychological distress. There was insufficient evidence to comment on the cost effectiveness of technological cancer follow-up interventions. Conclusions Modern technology could deliver cancer follow-up that is acceptable and safe. More research is required to develop cancer follow-up systems which exploit modern technology, which should be assessed using randomised trials, with consistent outcomes, so that evidence on the acceptability, safety, cost effectiveness and impact in quality of life of technological follow-up can accumulate and be made available to patients, professionals and policy makers. PMID:24885758

  6. Home visits

    PubMed Central

    Pereles, Laurie

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To review trends and current practices in delivery of medical care at home. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE A MEDLINE search from January 1989 to March 2000 yielded 65 articles. Most articles are descriptive; analytical studies are rare. MAIN MESSAGE The number of home visits made by physicians has consistently declined in the last 30 years. The most common reasons cited are lack of efficiency, the time required, and poor reimbursement. Home visits, reserved mainly for frail elderly people and palliative patients, are seen as valuable for preventing unnecessary visits to emergency rooms and hospitalizations. Home visits are also useful for reducing caregivers' stress, monitoring chronic illnesses, and assessing need for institutionalization. Home visiting requires special skills; these must be taught to current trainees. CONCLUSION With the shift to more community-based care, the demand for physicians to make home visits will increase. Physicians must be adequately prepared to deliver home care and be reimbursed appropriately. PMID:11072584

  7. Using social networking sites (namely Facebook) in health visiting practice--an account of five years experience.

    PubMed

    Dion, Xena

    2015-02-01

    With new developments in electronic and social networking communication methods the way health visitors communicate with clients is rapidly changing. With good governance these technologies can be utilised to enhance the health visiting service and can be an effective way of accessing hard-to-reach families, saving time and resources. This paper presents five years' experience in the use of Facebook between the health visiting team and clients and explains the benefits and potential it offers to health visitors and other community practitioners. PMID:25720211

  8. Predictors of default from follow-up care in a cervical cancer screening program using direct visual inspection in south-western Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Increasingly evidence is emerging from south East Asia, southern and east Africa on the burden of default to follow up care after a positive cervical cancer screening/diagnosis, which impacts negatively on cervical cancer prevention and control. Unfortunately little or no information exists on the subject in the West Africa sub region. This study was designed to determine the proportion of and predictors and reasons for default from follow up care after positive cervical cancer screen. Method Women who screen positive at community cervical cancer screening using direct visual inspection were followed up to determine the proportion of default and associated factors. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine independent predictors of default. Results One hundred and eight (16.1%) women who screened positive to direct visual inspection out of 673 were enrolled into the study. Fifty one (47.2%) out of the 108 women that screened positive defaulted from follow-up appointment. Women who were poorly educated (OR: 3.1, CI: 2.0 – 5.2), or lived more than 10 km from the clinic (OR: 2.0, CI: 1.0 – 4.1), or never screened for cervical cancer before (OR: 3.5, CI:3:1–8.4) were more likely to default from follow-up after screening positive for precancerous lesion of cervix . The main reasons for default were cost of transportation (48.6%) and time constraints (25.7%). Conclusion The rate of default was high (47.2%) as a result of unaffordable transportation cost and limited time to keep the scheduled appointment. A change from the present strategy that involves multiple visits to a “see and treat” strategy in which both testing and treatment are performed at a single visit is recommended. PMID:24678898

  9. Medication persistence over 2 years of follow-up in a cohort of early rheumatoid arthritis patients: associated factors and relationship with disease activity and with disability

    PubMed Central

    Pascual-Ramos, Virginia; Contreras-Yáñez, Irazú; Villa, Antonio R; Cabiedes, Javier; Rull-Gabayet, Marina

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Aggressive treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) plays a major role in improving early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient outcomes. Persistence and adherence with medication occurs variably (20% to 70%). The objectives of the study were to determine medication persistence (MP) in early RA patients over 13 consecutive visits each 2 months apart, to investigate the relationship between MP and disease activity, disability and structural damage, and to identify baseline prognosticators. Methods Charts from 75 patients of an early RA cohort were reviewed. At each visit, a rheumatologist interviewed patients regarding therapy, scored disease activity with the 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28) and disability with the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), and recorded comorbidities and treatment. A complete medical history was obtained at baseline. MP was defined as the duration of time from initiation to discontinuation of at least one DMARD and/or corticosteroids for at least 1 week and was reported as a dichotomous variable at consecutive evaluations. Structural damage was defined by detection of new erosions on radiography. Descriptive statistics, Student's t test, the chi-squared test, and logistic regression analyses were used. Results The proportion of MP patients decreased from 98% at 2 months to 34% at 2 years. MP patients (n = 32) had similar DAS28 to non-MP patients (n = 53) at initial visits, lower DAS28 and greater DAS28 improvements at follow-ups (P ? 0.05 at visits 4, 6, 7 and 9) and reached sustained remission (? 3 consecutive visits with DAS28 < 2.6) more frequently (82.8% versus 46.5%, P = 0.003) and earlier (7.7 ± 4.6 versus 13.6 ± 5.7 months, P = 0.001) than non-MP patients. MP patients had similar baseline HAQ scores, but lower HAQ scores at follow-up (P ? 0.05 at visits 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 and 13). More non-MP patients developed erosive disease than MP patients (26.8% versus 17.9%, P = 0.56). Older age at baseline was associated with therapy discontinuation (odds ratio = 1.1, 95% confidence interval = 1.007 to 1.103, P = 0.02). Conclusions Discontinuation of DMARDs was frequent and progressive in an early RA cohort. Patients with persistence on therapy were younger, had lower disease activity and disability during follow-up, and reached sustained remission more frequently and earlier than patients without it. MP should intentionally be evaluated during follow-up of early RA patients, as it seems to play a major role in outcome. PMID:19228421

  10. Telephone follow-up by nurse following total knee arthroplasty – protocol for a randomized clinical trial (NCT 01771315)

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Due to shorter hospitalization, patients have to take responsibility for their rehabilitation period at a very early stage. The objective of this trial is to study the effects of two treatment schemes following total knee arthroplasty: conventional treatment following discharge from hospital and early follow-up by telephone consultations in addition to conventional treatment following discharge from hospital. The ultimate aim is to increase the effectiveness of the treatment by improving patients' health status, promote self-efficacy, and reduce the number of acute visits to the orthopaedic outpatient clinic during the rehabilitation period. Method/design The design is a randomized un-blinded parallel group clinical trial conducted at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gentofte Hospital, the Capital Region of Denmark. In total, 116 patients will be allocated by an external randomization program to 2 groups: an intervention group following usual treatment after discharge supplemented by a nurse managed structured follow-up consultation conducted by telephone 4 and 14 days after discharge from hospital and a control group following treatment as usual. The consultations are structured by key subjects relevant to assess the health status according to the VIPS-model (the Swedish acronym for the concepts Well-being, Integrity, Prevention and Safety). The content of the consultations can vary according to the patients´ individual situations and needs. All consultations are conducted by the researcher responsible for the trial. The effect is measured 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post-surgery. The primary outcome is self-reported physical function measured by The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index. Secondary outcomes are self-reported health-related quality of life, general self-efficacy and the number of acute visits to the orthopaedic outpatient clinic. Discussion The result of this trial is expected to provide new knowledge to support the development of targeted and effective follow-up after total knee arthroplasty in order to improve the patients´ health-related knowledge and skills of being able to take actively part in their illness and improve their health status. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01771315 PMID:24872728

  11. Text messaging reminders to reduce non-attendance in chronic disease follow-up: a clinical trial

    PubMed Central

    Liew, Su-May; Tong, Seng Fah; Mun Lee, Verna Kar; Ng, Chirk Jenn; Leong, Kwok Chi; Teng, Cheong Lieng

    2009-01-01

    Background Non-attendance results in administrative problems and disruption in patient care. Several interventions have been used to reduce non-attendance, with varying degree of success. A relatively new intervention, text messaging, has been shown to be as effective as telephone reminders in reducing non-attendance. However, no study has looked specifically at using text messaging reminders to reduce non-attendance in chronic disease care. Aim To determine if text messaging would be effective in reducing non-attendance in patients on long-term follow-up, compared with telephone reminders and no reminder. Design of study A randomised controlled trial with three arms: text messaging reminder, telephone reminder, and control. Setting Two primary care clinics in Malaysia. Method A total of 931 subjects who had been on at least 6 months of follow-up were randomised into the three groups. Demographic variables were recorded at the first visit. In the intervention arms, a reminder was sent 24–48 hours prior to the appointment. Non-attendance rate was documented at the second visit. Non-attenders were defined as those who did not attend, attended early, or attended late without rescheduling their appointment. Attenders were defined as participants who had turned up for their scheduled appointment and those who had changed or cancelled their appointment with notification. Results The non-attendance rates in the text messaging group (odds ratio [OR] = 0.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.41 to 0.93, P = 0.020) and the telephone reminder group (OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.35 to 0.81), P = 0.003) were significantly lower than the control group. The absolute non-attendance rate for telephone reminders was lower by 2% compared to the text messaging group. This difference was not found to be statistically significant (P = 0.505). Conclusion Text messaging was found to be as effective as telephone reminder in reducing non-attendance in patients who required long-term follow-up for their chronic illnesses in this study. It could be used as an alternative to conventional reminder systems. PMID:19712544

  12. Long-Term Follow-Up After Gene Therapy for Canavan Disease

    PubMed Central

    Leone, Paola; Shera, David; McPhee, Scott W.J.; Francis, Jeremy S.; Kolodny, Edwin H.; Bilaniuk, Larissa T.; Wang, Dah-Jyuu; Assadi, Mitra; Goldfarb, Olga; Goldman, H. Warren; Freese, Andrew; Young, Deborah; During, Matthew J.; Samulski, R. Jude; Janson, Christopher G.

    2013-01-01

    Canavan disease is a hereditary leukodystrophy caused by mutations in the aspartoacylase gene (ASPA), leading to loss of enzyme activity and increased concentrations of the substrate N-acetylaspartate (NAA) in the brain. Accumulation of NAA results in spongiform degeneration of white matter and severe impairment of psychomotor development. The goal of this prospective cohort study was to assess long-term safety and preliminary efficacy measures after gene therapy with an adeno-associated viral vector carrying the ASPA gene (AAV2-ASPA). Using noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging and standardized clinical rating scales, we observed Canavan disease in 28 patients, with a subset of 13 patients being treated with AAV2-ASPA. Each patient received 9 × 1011 vector genomes via intraparenchymal delivery at six brain infusion sites. Safety data collected over a minimum 5-year follow-up period showed a lack of long-term adverse events related to the AAV2 vector. Posttreatment effects were analyzed using a generalized linear mixed model, which showed changes in predefined surrogate markers of disease progression and clinical assessment subscores. AAV2-ASPA gene therapy resulted in a decrease in elevated NAA in the brain and slowed progression of brain atrophy, with some improvement in seizure frequency and with stabilization of overall clinical status. PMID:23253610

  13. Long-term follow-up of HAN-1, an acute plutonium oxide inhalation case

    SciTech Connect

    Carbaugh, E.H.; Bihl, D.E.; Sula, M.J.

    1990-06-01

    The International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP) has recommended that plutonium oxide be designated an inhalation class Y material, indicating that a 500-day clearance half-time from the lung is adequate for radiation protection purposes. Based on extensive data obtained from one particular inhalation case (referred to here as HAN-1), and supported by somewhat less detailed data in nine other cases, an argument has been put forth that substantially longer clearance half-times may not be uncommon for Pu oxide. This has led to the tentative identification of a super class Y'' form of Pu which has been factored into worker monitoring programs at the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site. In addition, the United States Transuranium Registry autopsy work has indicted evidence to support the super class Y case. The particular case described in this paper was the key case which caused the Hanford internal dosimetry staff to seriously consider super class Y material. This paper includes data from long-term follow up monitoring as well as early data for calculating intakes for comparisons with secondary limits. 13 refs, 2 figs., 1 tab.

  14. Twenty-four Years of Follow-Up for a Hanford Plutonium Wound Case

    SciTech Connect

    Carbaugh, Eugene H.; Lynch, Timothy P.; Antonio, Cheryl L.; Medina-Del Valle, Fernando

    2010-10-01

    A 1985 plutonium puncture wound resulted in the initial deposition of 48 kBq of transuranic alpha activity, primarily 239Pu and 241Am, in a worker’s right index finger. Surgical excisions in the week following reduced the long-term residual wound activity to 5.4 kBq, and 164 DTPA chelation therapy administrations over a 17-month period resulted in urinary excretion of about 7 kBq. The case was published in 1988, but now 20 additional years of follow-up data are available. Annual bioassay measurements have included wound counts, skeleton counts, liver counts, lung counts, axillary lymph node counts, and urinalyses for plutonium and 241Am. These measurements have shown relatively stable levels of 241Am at the wound site, with gradually increasing amounts of 241Am detected in the skeleton. Liver counts has shown erratic detection of 241Am, and lung counts indicate 241Am as shine from the axillary lymph nodes and skeleton. Urine excretion of 239Pu since termination of chelation therapy has typically ranged from 10 to 20 mBq d-1, with 241Am excretion being about 10% of that for 239Pu. In addition, the worker has undergone annual routine medical exams, which have not identified any adverse health effects associated with the intake.

  15. Covered Stents in the Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Aneurysms: Procedural Results and Midterm Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect

    Beregi, Jean-Paul [Service de Radiologie, Hopital Cardiologique, CHRU de Lille, F-59037 Lille (France); Prat, Alain [Service de Chirurgie Cardio-Vasculaire A, Hopital Cardiologique, CHRU de Lille, F-59037 Lille (France); Willoteaux, Serge [Service de Radiologie, Hopital Cardiologique, CHRU de Lille, F-59037 Lille (France); Vasseur, Marc-Antoine [Service de Chirurgie Cardio-Vasculaire A, Hopital Cardiologique, CHRU de Lille, F-59037 Lille (France); Boularand, Valerie; Desmoucelle, Frederic [Service de Radiologie, Hopital Cardiologique, CHRU de Lille, F-59037 Lille (France)

    1999-01-15

    Purpose: To evaluate initial and midterm results of percutaneous treatment of peripheral aneurysms using covered stents. Methods: Between June 1994 and December 1997 we used covered stents (EndoPro System or Passager) on 19 patients with peripheral aneurysms (7 iliac, 5 subclavian, 3 femoral, 3 popliteal, 1 carotid). Results: Successful aneurysm exclusion was achieved in 18 of 19 patients (95%). In the short term (<30 days), one patient died of puncture site hemorrhage complicated by myocardial infarction; two femoral stents were surgically removed because of leakage. At subsequent follow-up (mean 20 months) two further unrelated deaths occurred. At 1 year (intention-to-treat) the stent was patent in 13 of 19 patients (68%) and the aneurysm was excluded in 17 of 19 (89%). Conclusion: Treatment of peripheral aneurysms with covered stents has a high rate of immediate procedural success. Continued exclusion of the aneurysms is achieved in a large proportion of patients but there is a relatively high rate of stent thrombosis.

  16. Interventional Radiology in the Diagnosis, Management, and Follow-Up of Pseudoaneurysms

    SciTech Connect

    Keeling, A. N.; McGrath, F. P.; Lee, M. J., E-mail: mlee@rcsi.i [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Academic Radiology (Ireland)

    2009-01-15

    Arterial wall disruption, as a consequence of inflammation/infection, trauma (penetrating or blunt), or iatrogenic causes, may result in pseudoaneurysm formation. Currently, iatrogenic causes are increasing as a result of the growth of endovascular intervention. The frequency of other causes also seems to be increasing, but this may simply be the result of increased diagnosis by better imaging techniques, such as multidetector contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Clinically, pseudoaneurysms may be silent, may present with local or systemic signs, or can rupture with catastrophic consequences. Open surgical repair, previously the mainstay of treatment, has largely been replaced by image-guided occlusion methods. On the basis of an experience of over 100 pseudoaneurysms, treatments at various anatomical sites, imaging modalities used for accurate diagnosis, current changing therapeutic options for pseudoaneurysm management, approved embolization agents, and clinical follow-up requirements to ensure adequate treatment will be discussed. Image-guided direct percutaneous and endovascular embolization of pseudoaneurysms are established treatment options with favorable success rates and minimal morbidity. The pendulum has now swung from invasive surgical repair of pseudoaneurysms to that of image-guided interventional radiology.

  17. Improved newborn hearing screening follow-up results in more infants identified.

    PubMed

    Alam, Suhana; Gaffney, Marcus; Eichwald, John

    2014-01-01

    Longitudinal research suggests that efforts at the national, state, and local levels are leading to improved follow-up and data reporting. Data now support the assumption that the number of deaf or hard-of-hearing infants identified through newborn hearing screening increases with a reduction in the number of infants lost to follow-up. Documenting the receipt of services has made a noticeable impact on reducing lost to follow-up rates and early identification of infants with hearing loss; however, continued improvement and monitoring of services are still needed. PMID:23803975

  18. Continuous Commissioning Results Verification and Follow-up For an Institutional Building: A Case Study

    E-print Network

    Chen, H.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H. L.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01

    , or controls by-pass or override, the follow up activities and possible new CC measures will adapt the systems to these changes. This paper presents the verification and follow-up efforts, which identified control problems in air handling units and lab... was able to optimize control scheme-reset schedules on the air-side (AHU) and water-side (pump) systems in the building and improve operations for the terminal boxes by implementing CC measures during initial CC implementation and follow-up...

  19. Optical and near infrared follow-up observations at KISO observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Urata, Y.; Nakata, Y.; Miyata, T.; Nishiura, S.; Mito, H.; Aoki, T.; Soyano, T.; Tarusawa, K.

    2004-06-01

    We have prepared TOO system for prompt GRB follow-up observations at Kiso observatory since 2001. The Kiso observatory is located in Nagano prefecture, Japan, and has 105 cm schmidt telescope and two instruments. To have a quickly follow-up observations, we made an alert monitor and put it in a telescope console display. We made observational scripts for the instruments and each HETE-2's alert type. Using this operation system, we have already carried out nine follow-up observations.

  20. Trabectome (Trabeculectomy—Internal Approach): Additional Experience and Extended Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Minckler, Don; Mosaed, Sameh; Dustin, Laurie; MS, Brian Francis

    2008-01-01

    Purpose To report a retrospective case series of 1127 Trabectome surgical procedures, including 738 Trabectome-only and 366 Trabectome-phacoemulsification surgeries. Methods Electroablation of meshwork via a temporal corneal incision. Outcomes included changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and medication use, complications, and Kaplan-Meier success estimates. Results For all cases, mean preoperative IOP of 23.8 ± 7.7 mm Hg decreased by 39% to 16.5 ± 4.0 mm Hg at 24 months (n = 50). Intraoperative reflux bleeding occurred in 77.6%. Medications decreased from 2.8 to 1.2 by 24 months. Sixty-five patients (5.8%) had IOP elevation > 10 mm Hg above baseline on day 1. Failure led to trabeculectomy in 5.9% (n = 67) and shunt installation in 1.6% (n = 18). Kaplan-Meier failure was defined across groups with at least 2 weeks follow-up as IOP > 21 mm Hg with or without medications and not reduced by 20% below baseline on 2 consecutive visits or repeat surgery. For Trabectome-only cases, mean preoperative IOP of 25.7 ± 7.7 mm Hg was reduced by 40% to 16.6 ± 4.0 mm Hg at 24 months (n = 46). No prolonged hypotony, choroidal effusion, choroidal hemorrhage, or infections occurred. Failure led to trabeculectomy in 8.1% (n = 60) and shunt installation in 1.9% (n = 14). Medications decreased from 2.93 to 1.2 by 24 months. For Trabectome-phacoemulsification cases, baseline IOP of 20.0 ± 6.2 mm Hg decreased at 12 months to 15.9 ± 3.3 mm Hg (18%) (n = 45) and medications decreased from 2.63 ± 1.12 to 1.50 ± 1.36. Sixteen (4.4%) of 365 had prior failed trabeculectomy, and 139 of 365 (38%) had prior laser trabeculoplasty. Conclusion Trabectome offers a minimally invasive method of improving IOP control in open-angle glaucomas. PMID:19277230

  1. Community-based infant hearing screening in a developing country: parental uptake of follow-up services

    PubMed Central

    Olusanya, Bolajoko O; Akinyemi, Oladele O

    2009-01-01

    Background Universal newborn hearing screening is now considered an essential public health care for the early detection of disabling life-long childhood hearing impairment globally. However, like any health interventions in early childhood, parental support and participation is essential for achieving satisfactory uptake of services. This study set out to determine maternal/infant socio-demographic factors associated with follow-up compliance in community-based infant hearing screening programmes in a developing country. Methods After health educational/counselling sessions, infants attending routine childhood immunisation clinics at four primary care centres were enrolled into a two-stage infant hearing screening programme consisting of a first-stage screening with transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions and second-stage screening with automated auditory brainstem response. Infants referred after the second-stage screening were scheduled for diagnostic evaluation within three months. Maternal and infant factors associated with completion of the hearing screening protocol were determined with multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results No mother declined participation during the study period. A total of 285 out of 2,003 eligible infants were referred after the first-stage screening out of which 148 (51.9%) did not return for the second-stage, while 32 (39.0%) of the 82 infants scheduled for diagnostic evaluation defaulted. Mothers who delivered outside hospitals were significantly more likely to return for follow-up screening than those who delivered in hospitals (Odds ratio: 1.62; 95% confidence intervals: 0.98 – 2.70; p = 0.062). No other factors correlated with follow-up compliance for screening and diagnostic services. Conclusion Place of delivery was the only factor that correlated albeit marginally with infant hearing screening compliance in this population. The likely influence of issues such as the number of return visits for follow-up services, ineffective tracking system and the prevailing unfavourable cultural perception towards childhood deafness on non-compliance independently or through these factors warrant further investigation. PMID:19236718

  2. Outcome of "Atypical squamous cells" in a cervical cytology screening program: implications for follow up in resource limited settings.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Sanjay; Sodhani, Pushpa; Chachra, Krishan Lal; Singh, Veena; Sehgal, Ashok

    2007-11-01

    (1) To study the incidence and outcome of "Atypical squamous cells (ASC)" diagnosis in a hospital based cytology screening programme. (2) To work out a feasible strategy for follow up of Atypical squamous cells-undetermined significance (ASC-US) and Atypical squamous cells-cannot exclude high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) in resource limited settings. A total of 29,475 women were screened cytologically through Pap tests. The epithelial cell abnormalities (ECA) detected on screening were reviewed by the cytopathologists and classified according to Bethesda 2001 system. The women with ASC-US reports were followed up by two repeat cytology tests at 3 and 6 months of the initial visit. The persistent ASC-US cases or the cases which revealed squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) on follow up smears; as well as all ASC-H and above cases were referred for coloposcopic evaluation. ASC diagnosis comprised 3.6% of all reports. These were qualified as ASC-US (3.36%) and ASC-H (0.22%). On follow up, only 7 CIN 2 or worse (3.2%) lesions were detected on 218 biopsies in ASC-US category while in ASC-H qualifier 16 CIN 2 and above lesions (30.8%) were picked up on 52 colposcopic biopsies. The difference between ASC-US and ASC-H categories for a CIN 2 or worse outcome was highly significant (P < 0.001). ASC-H qualifier has a high likelihood for an ominous histological outcome and warrants an immediate colposcopic evaluation. On the other hand, ASC-US cases can be managed conservatively by repeat cytology tests at regular intervals without a significant risk of missing a high grade lesion. Diligent screening of cervical smears can judiciously downgrade some cases overcalled as ASC because of inflammatory atypia and thereby reduce referrals in geographic settings with high prevalence of reproductive tract infections. High risk HPV (HR HPV) testing may be a useful adjunct to further reduce referrals by selecting the women who require colposcopic evaluation. PMID:17924415

  3. Loss to follow-up in a cohort of HIV-infected patients in a regional referral outpatient clinic in Brazil.

    PubMed

    de Almeida, Meire Cavalieri; de Jesus Pedroso, Nayara; do Socorro Lina van Keulen, Maria; Jácome, Guillermo Patrício Ortega; Fernandes, Guilherme Côrtes; Yokoo, Edna Massae; Tuboi, Suely Hiromi

    2014-12-01

    One of the main aspects related to non-adherence to combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) for patients infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) refers to the abandonment of outpatient care. This study was aimed to estimate the loss to follow-up in outpatient HIV care at a Regional Referral Clinic (SAE) for HIV/AIDS in the city of Juiz de Fora, Brazil, and to identify associated factors and predictors. This is a prospective cohort of patients older than 18 years, under cART and regular outpatient care. The study included patients who attended medical visits during July-August 2011. Those who did not return to the clinic for new medical appointments within 90 days after the sixth month of follow up were considered lost to follow-up in outpatient care. Variables with P value ?0.25 in the univariate analysis were included in a logistic regression model, adopting a significance level of 0.05. Among the 250 patients included in the study, 44 (17.6 %) were lost to follow up in outpatient care. Among these, 38 (86.4 %) were located in the cART delivery database system (SICLOM). Younger patients (?43 versus >43 years) (OR 2.30 CI 1.06-5.00, P = 0.04), and patients attended by physician "E", when compared with physicians "A", "B", "C" or "D" (OR 5.90 CI 2.64-13.18, P = 0.00) were more likely to be lost to follow-up. Patients admitted in the service for 7 years or more were also more likely to be to lost to follow-up (OR 2.27 CI 1.2-4.4, P = 0.01), although this association did not remain statistically significant in the multivariate analysis. Although the purpose of the study, to identify individual factors associated to loss to follow-up, positives associations with a specific physician and with patients admitted in the service for 7 years or more suggest organizational factors. Although the majority of patients lost to follow-up in outpatient care were detected by SICLOM, a detectable viral load in most of these patients suggest a quality of outpatient HIV care proved ineffective, despite the availability of cART. We conclude on the need for further studies to investigate structural factors associated to loss to follow-up when enhanced retention strategies should be implemented in order to maintain an effective outpatient HIV care. PMID:24917082

  4. Long-Term Follow-Up Guidelines for Survivors of Childhood, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Follow-Up ( English ) ( Spanish ) Dental: Dental Health ( English ) ( French ) Osteoradionecrosis ( English ) Cardiac System: Heart Health ( English ) ( Spanish ) ... Central Adrenal Insufficiency ( English ) Growth Hormone Deficiency ( English ) ( French ) Hyperprolactinemia ( English ) Hypopituitarism ( English ) Precocious Puberty ( English ) ( French ) ...

  5. Prospective study of alcoholism treatment in Kuwait: a 5-year follow-up report.

    PubMed

    Bilal, A M; Al-Ansari, E A; Kristof, J; Shaltout, A; el-Islam, M F

    1989-01-01

    The outcome of a 5-year prospective follow-up study of 100 patients treated in the Kuwait Hospital for alcohol-related problems is reported using two parameters computed from weighted follow-up variables, i.e., Offset Score measuring patients' initial follow-up status and Direction of Slope summarizing consequent follow-up scores. Nineteen patients had died representing 14 times the age-corrected national rate. Univariate and multivariate analyses of outcome measures against prefollow-up patients' characteristics revealed that variables indicating heavy alcohol use independent of each other predicted negative outcome and mortality. The tendency of the group score distribution towards normalization uninfluenced by treatment is demonstrated. The pertinence of these findings to the medical profession in Kuwait is stressed. PMID:2920671

  6. Recurrent Mandibular Supplemental Premolars: A Case Report with 5 Year Follow Up and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Chilamakuri, Sandeep; Challa, Ramasubba Reddy; Nuvvula, Sivakumar; Gokhale, Neeraj

    2015-01-01

    A 12-year-old girl reported for a routine dental checkup. Radiographic survey disclosed the presence of two developing structures resembling premolars one on either side of the mandible in premolar region, which were of supplemental type and surgical removal of supernumerary premolars facilitated eruption of the left second premolar. On six months follow-up, there was radiographic evidence of another supernumerary premolar in the left side of mandible that is left in situ, patient is on regular follow-up. This emphasizes the importance of thorough clinical and radiographic examination, early diagnosis and follow-up of the developing dentition in children. The patient has been followed-up from the age of 12 year to 17 year. This paper describes a case of recurrent supplemental supernumerary premolars in the mandible along with review of literature.

  7. Long-term Follow-up Provides New Insights on Adjuvant Therapy for Lung Cancer

    Cancer.gov

    Longer-term follow-up reports from two large, randomized clinical trials of chemotherapy delivered after surgery in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have yielded disparate results on the value of such treatment.

  8. Benefits of and barriers to SEA follow-up - Theory and practice

    SciTech Connect

    Gachechiladze-Bozhesku, M., E-mail: mayagachechiladze@gmail.com [Center for Environment and Security, Central European University, Nador ut. 9, Budapest 1051 (Hungary); Fischer, T.B., E-mail: fischer@liverpool.ac.uk [School of Environmental Sciences, 4imPiAct research team, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, 74 Bedford Street South, Liverpool L69 7ZQ (United Kingdom)

    2012-04-15

    If SEA is to facilitate 'strategic' changes, it needs to focus on shaping the ways in which strategic initiatives are implemented, not just formulated. This is why follow-up which refers to postdecisional activities of SEA and strategic initiatives is increasingly seen as crucial. However, to date follow-up has only received limited attention in the SEA literature, as well as in practical guidance. The key reasons for why post decision activities are often overlooked are the lack of understanding of its actual benefits and purportedly multiple problems with its accomplishment. This paper reports on the results of a comprehensive literature review and an international e-survey on the topic, as well as an in-depth analysis of six SEA follow-up cases from England and Canada. Practically encountered and perceived benefits of, and obstacles to SEA follow-up are identified and discussed.

  9. South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com Pranksters' follow-up to 'zombie attack' video ends on

    E-print Network

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com Pranksters' follow-up to 'zombie attack' video ends on wrong side the wrong guy to prank. The guys behind the YouTube sensation "Miami Zombie Attack Prank!" found themselves

  10. Living with faecal incontinence: a 10-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Mary

    2015-03-01

    Faecal incontinence (FI) is a taboo subject, and people living with it can feel stigmatised. This article reports on a 10-year qualitative follow-up to an initial constructivist-grounded theory project, investigating living with FI. This article will also look back at the initial study and the 5-year follow-up study undertaken. The research examines the challenges associated with living with FI and different ways of managing the condition, including the importance of social support. PMID:25757581

  11. Follow-up report on 50 subjects vaccinated against herpes genitalis with Skinner vaccine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. R. B. Skinner; C. G. Fink; M. Cowan; A. Buchan; A. Fuller; C. E. Hartley; J. Durham; C. Wiblin; J. Melling

    1987-01-01

    Fifty subjects at risk of herpes genitalis received 109 immunizations with Skinner herpes vaccine and were assessed after a follow-up period of 4–48 months, respresenting a total follow-up period of 694 patient months. There was no evidence of contraction of herpes genitalis in 49 subjects. The risk of virus transmission and rate of contraction of disease was quantified by construction

  12. A cognitive-behavioral approach to substance abuse prevention: One-year follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GILBERT J. BOTVIN; ELI BAKER; ANNE D. FILAZZOLA; ELIZABETH M. BOTVIN

    1990-01-01

    This study presents one-year follow-up data from an evaluation study testing the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral substance abuse prevention approach which emphasizes the teaching of social resistance skills within the larger context of an intervention designed to enhance general social and personal competence. The follow-up study involved 998 eighth graders from 10 suburban New York junior high schools. Two schools

  13. Views of breast and colorectal cancer survivors on their routine follow-up care

    PubMed Central

    Urquhart, R.; Folkes, A.; Babineau, J.; Grunfeld, E.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Our understanding of optimum health care delivery for cancer survivors is limited by the lack of a patient-centred perspective. The objectives of the present study were to explore the views of breast and colorectal cancer survivors on their routine follow-up care, with respect to needs, preferences, and quality of follow-up, and their views on cancer specialist– compared with family physician (fp)–led follow-up care. Methods In Nova Scotia, Canada, 23 cancer survivors (13 breast, 10 colorectal) participated in either a focus group or a one-on-one interview. Participants were asked to reflect upon their lives as cancer survivors and on the type and quality of care and support they received during the follow-up period. Each focus group or interview was transcribed verbatim, and the transcripts were audited and subjected to a thematic analysis. Results Six themes were identified: My care is my responsibilityHow I receive information on follow-up careI have many care needsI want to be prepared and informedThe role of my fp in my cancer experience and follow-up careThe role of media Survivors often characterized the post–primary treatment experience as lacking in information and preparation for follow-up and providing inadequate support to address many of the care needs prevalent in survivor populations. Despite valuing fp participation in follow-up care, many survivors continued to receive comfort and reassurance from specialist care. Conclusions Our findings point to the need to implement strategies that better prepare breast cancer and colorectal cancer survivors for post-treatment care and that reassure survivors of the ability of their fp to provide quality care during this period. PMID:23300354

  14. B-cell Lymphoma in retrieved femoral heads: a long term follow up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eline W Zwitser; Arthur de Gast; Mirjam JA Basie; Folkert J van Kemenade; Barend J van Royen

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A relatively high incidence of pathological conditions in retrieved femoral heads, including a group of patients having low grade B-cell lymphoma, has been described before. At short term follow up none of these patients with low-grade B-cell lymphoma showed evidence of systemic disease. However, the long term follow up of these patients is not known. METHODS: From November 1994

  15. Directly Follow-up And\\/Or Traced Control System Of Multiple Ground

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toshihiro Tsumura; Hiroshi Okubo; Nobuo Komatsu

    1992-01-01

    A bstract-This paper describes the basic concept of the follow-up and\\/or traced control system for ground vehicles and proposes two types of guidance\\/control systems for the follower vehicles. One is the automatic follow-up system with scanning laser range sensor. The other is the trajectory tracing control system with communication of the positional data. Results of hardware experiments using small motor

  16. Systematic bias in traumatic brain injury outcome studies because of loss to follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John D. Corrigan; Cynthia Harrison-Felix; Jennifer Bogner; Marcel Dijkers; Melissa Sendroy Terrill; Gale Whiteneck

    2003-01-01

    Corrigan JD, Harrison-Felix C, Bogner J, Dijkers M, Terrill MS, Whiteneck G. Systematic bias in traumatic brain injury outcome studies because of loss to follow-up. 2003;84:153-60. Objective: To identify potential sources of selection bias created by subjects lost to follow-up in studies of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Demographic, premorbid, injury-related, and hospital course characteristics were compared for subjects lost

  17. Understanding Barriers for Adherence to Follow-Up Care for Abnormal Pap Tests

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine S. Eggleston; Ann L. Coker; Irene Prabhu Das; Suzanne T. Cordray; Kathryn J. Luchok

    2007-01-01

    Objective: Approximately 4000 women annually will die from preventable and treatable cervical cancer. Failure to adhere to follow-up recommendations after an abnormal Pap test can lead to development of cervical cancer. This paper summarizes the body of literature on adherence to follow-up after an abnormal Pap test in order to facilitate development of interventions\\u000ato decrease morbidity and mortality due

  18. Report of the 15th follow-up survey of primary liver cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iwao Ikai; Yuji Itai; Kiwamu Okita; Masao Omata; Masamichi Kojiro; Kenichi Kobayashi; Yasuni Nakanuma; Shunji Futagawa; Masatoshi Makuuchi; Yoshio Yamaoka

    2004-01-01

    In the 15th Nationwide follow-up survey of primary liver cancer, 18,843 newly registered patients (1998–1999) and 18,405 follow-up patients from 791 hospitals in Japan were analyzed. Of the newly registered patients, approximately 95% were patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and 3.3% had intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The patients were assessed using 194 items that were related to epidemiological and clinicopathological factors,

  19. Two- to 3-Year Follow-Up of ProDisc-L: Results From a Prospective Randomized Trial of Arthroplasty Versus Fusion

    PubMed Central

    Sachs, Barton L.; Rashbaum, Ralph F.; Ohnmeiss, Donna D.

    2007-01-01

    Background Although total disc replacement has been performed for years outside the United States, relatively little available data address clinical outcomes, particularly data from prospective studies. We report the 24- to 36-month follow-up of one center's experience with the ProDisc-L artificial disc as part of a prospective, randomized trial comparing total disc arthroplasty to combined anterior–posterior lumbar fusion. Methods The study involved clinical results for 157 patients from a single center enrolled in the US Food and Drug Administration–regulated trial comparing ProDisc-L to fusion. Only patients who had reached a minimum 24-month follow-up were included in the study. Patients were randomized to receive total disc replacement or circumferential fusion at 1 or 2 lumbar disc levels from L3 to S1, with specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected preoperatively and at 6 weeks to 36 months postoperatively. The primary clinical outcome measures were Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores to assess pain and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores to measure function. Results The VAS and ODI scores in both treatment groups improved significantly as early as the 6-week followup visit and remained significantly improved throughout the 36-month follow-up period. Although a tendency was observed for the ProDisc-L scores to indicate more favorable outcome, the differences were not statistically significant. The proportion of patients who would have the same procedure again was greater in the total disc replacement group at all follow-up intervals, and significantly greater at the 6- month, 12-month, 24-month, and 36-month follow-up visits. Conclusions The results of this study indicate that the total disc replacement with ProDisc-L produces improvements in pain and function that are at least as good as those provided by circumferential fusion. During the long-term follow-up of 24 and 36 months, outcomes did not become less favorable compared with the early outcomes. Clinical Relevance We found that results of total disc replacement were at least as good as those achieved with combined instrumented anterior–posterior fusion for the treatment of painful disc degeneration. Favorable results were maintained during 24- and 36-month follow-up.

  20. Comfort monitoring? Environmental assessment follow-up under community-industry negotiated environmental agreements

    SciTech Connect

    Noble, Bram, E-mail: b.noble@usask.c [Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5C8 (Canada); Birk, Jasmine [Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5C8 (Canada)

    2011-01-15

    Negotiated environmental agreements are becoming common practice in the mining industry. In principle, negotiated environmental agreements are said to respond to many of the shortcomings of environmental impact assessment by providing for improved follow-up of project impacts through, among other things, data provision, engaging stakeholders in the monitoring and management of project impacts, and building capacity at the local level to deal with project-induced environmental change. In practice, however, little is known about the efficacy of follow-up under negotiated environmental agreements between proponents and communities and the demonstrated value added to project impact management. This paper examines follow-up practice under negotiated environmental agreements with a view to understanding whether and how community-based monitoring under privatized agreements actually contributes to improved follow-up and impact management. Based on lessons emerging from recent experiences with environmental agreements in Canada's uranium industry, we show that follow-up under negotiated agreements may be described as 'comfort monitoring'. While such monitoring does improve community-industry relations and enhance corporate image, it does little to support effects-based management. If follow-up under negotiated agreements is to be credible over the long term, there is a need to ensure that monitoring results are useful for, and integrated with, regulatory-based monitoring and project impact management practices.

  1. To what extent are current guidelines for cutaneous melanoma follow up based on scientific evidence?

    PubMed Central

    Marciano, N J; Merlin, T L; Bessen, T; Street, J M

    2014-01-01

    Background Clinical practice guidelines should aim to assist clinicians in making evidence-based choices in the care of their patients. This review attempts to determine the extent of evidence-based support for clinical practice guideline recommendations concerning cutaneous melanoma follow up and to evaluate the methodological quality of these guidelines. Methods Current guidelines providing graded recommendations regarding patient follow up were identified through a systematic literature review. The authors reviewed the evidence base used to formulate recommendations in each of the guidelines and appraised the quality of the guidelines using the AGREE II (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation) instrument. Results Most guideline recommendations concerning the frequency of routine skin examinations by a clinician and the use of imaging and diagnostic tests in the follow up of melanoma patients were based on low-level evidence or consensus expert opinion. Melanoma follow-up guidelines are of variable methodological quality, with some guidelines not recommended by the appraisers for use in clinical practice. Conclusion Clinicians should be aware of how scant the evidence base is for many recommended courses of action. As a consequence of the paucity of evidence in the field of melanoma follow up, there is considerable variability in the guidance provided. The variable methodological quality of guidelines for melanoma follow up could be improved by attention to the criteria described in AGREE II. PMID:24548269

  2. Cohort profile of the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study at final follow-up.

    PubMed

    Tamakoshi, Akiko; Ozasa, Kotaro; Fujino, Yoshihisa; Suzuki, Koji; Sakata, Kiyomi; Mori, Mitsuru; Kikuchi, Shogo; Iso, Hiroyasu; Sakauchi, Fumio; Motohashi, Yutaka; Tsuji, Ichiro; Nakamura, Yosikazu; Mikami, Haruo; Kurosawa, Michiko; Hoshiyama, Yoshiharu; Tanabe, Naohito; Tamakoshi, Koji; Wakai, Kenji; Tokudome, Shinkan; Hashimoto, Shuji; Wada, Yasuhiko; Kawamura, Takashi; Watanabe, Yoshiyuki; Miki, Tsuneharu; Date, Chigusa; Kurozawa, Yoichi; Yoshimura, Takesumi; Shibata, Akira; Okamoto, Naoyuki; Shio, Hideo

    2013-01-01

    The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC Study) was established in the late 1980s to evaluate the risk impact of lifestyle factors and levels of serum components on human health. During the 20-year follow-up period, the results of the study have been published in almost 200 original articles in peer-reviewed English-language journals. However, continued follow-up of the study subjects became difficult because of the retirements of principal researchers, city mergers throughout Japan in the year 2000, and reduced funding. Thus, we decided to terminate the JACC Study follow-up at the end of 2009. As a final point of interest, we reviewed the population registry information of survivors. A total of 207 (0.19%) subjects were ineligible, leaving 110 585 eligible participants (46 395 men and 64 190 women). Moreover, errors in coding date of birth and sex were found in 356 (0.32%) and 59 (0.05%) cases, respectively, during routine follow-up and final review. Although such errors were unexpected, their impact is believed to be negligible because of the small numbers relative to the large total study population. Here, we describe the final cohort profile at the end of the JACC Study along with selected characteristics of the participants and their status at the final follow-up. Although follow-up of the JACC Study participants is finished, we will continue to analyze and publish study results. PMID:23583921

  3. Real Life Cancer Comorbidity in Greek Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Followed Up at a Single Diabetes Center: An Unappreciated New Diabetes Complication

    PubMed Central

    Thanopoulou, Anastasia; Pectasides, Demetrios

    2014-01-01

    We determined cancer comorbidity in patients with diabetes followed up at a single Greek academic clinic and investigated the potential related factors. Cancer comorbidity was prospectively recorded for all patients with type 2 (T2DM, n = 759) or type 1 (T1DM, n = 134) diabetes of at least 10-year duration examined during one year. Patient characteristics, diabetes age of onset, duration, treatment, control, and complication rates were compared between subjects with and without cancer. Moreover, a retrospective collection of data from similar patients examined for the first time during the last 25 years, but lost to follow-up, after at least one-year's regular visits, was performed. In regularly followed-up T2DM patients cancer comorbidity was 12.6%. Patients with cancer were older and more frequently smokers. Prostate cancer was the most frequent (24.0%) type. In T1DM cancer comorbidity was 3.0%. Similar rates of comorbidity and types of cancer were observed in lost to follow-up patients. In conclusion, our patients with T2DM of at least 10-year' duration show high cancer comorbidity. No specific characteristics discriminate patients with cancer. Therefore presymptomatic cancer detection and prevention strategies may have to be incorporated into the annual systematic evaluation of our patients. PMID:25136643

  4. Nurse led telephone follow up in ovarian cancer: a psychosocial perspective.

    PubMed

    Cox, Anna; Bull, Ellen; Cockle-Hearne, Jane; Knibb, Wendy; Potter, Claire; Faithfull, Sara

    2008-12-01

    Survivorship is a relatively new concept in ovarian cancer due to improvements in diagnosis, surgery and chemotherapy. As more women require long term follow up for ovarian cancer the pressure on these services is increased and the question of how best to care for these women needs to be addressed. This paper considers the results of a pilot study of nurse led telephone follow up in ovarian cancer from a psychosocial perspective. Fifty-two women received telephone follow up over a 10-month period; one aspect of this intervention was the opportunity for women to discuss psychosocial concerns with the clinical nurse specialist. A nurse database held records of patient discussions, and patient feedback regarding the service was collected using FACT Ovarian quality of life questionnaire, plus the satisfaction and experience with follow up questionnaire. Thirty-three women were recorded as discussing psychological concerns with the nurse, 42% discussed feelings of anxiety or depression and 33% discussed fear of disease recurrence. Thirty-nine women were recorded as having discussed social concerns with the nurse, 56% discussed their family (husband, children, etc.), 51% discussed work and/or finances, and 41% discussed sexual intimacy. The majority of women (73%) expressed a preference for nurse led telephone follow up, the main advantages were reported as the relationship and discussions between the patient and the nurse, and the convenience of having follow up appointments over the phone instead of attending clinic. This pilot study suggests that nurse led telephone follow up offers an acceptable opportunity for psychosocial support for women with ovarian cancer. PMID:18845479

  5. Five-year clinical and angiographic follow-up after intracoronary iridium-192 radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Condado, Jose A.; Waksman, Ron; Saucedo, Jorge F.; Bhargava, Balram; Lansky, Alexandra J.; Calderas, Carlos; Gurdiel, Orlando; Gonzalez, Juan; Fadoul, Merche; Parra, Bogart; Iturria, Isabel; Amezaga, Bingen

    2002-06-01

    Background: Ionizing gamma radiation has been shown to reduce neointimal formation and the incidence of restenosis after balloon angioplasty and stenting in clinical trials. However, the long-term effects of this therapy are unknown. The first cohort of patients to receive intracoronary gamma radiation after balloon angioplasty for the prevention of restenosis have completed a 5-year angiographic and clinical follow-up. The outcome of these patients is presented and discussed. Methods: Twenty-one patients with unstable angina (22 arteries) underwent standard balloon angioplasty. Intracoronary radiation therapy was performed immediately after the intervention using an Iridium-192 source wire hand-delivered to the angioplasty site. All patients were followed clinically and Quantitative Coronary Analysis (QCA) was performed at 6, 24, 36 and 60 months. Results: Target lesion revascularization occurred in six lesions, three of which were total occlusions (two early within 30 days and one occurred at 2 years), and one patient had a myocardial infarction attributable to a nontarget vessel. Serial QCA detected a binary restenosis rate of 28.6% (n=6) at 6 months. The late loss (0.29 mm) and loss index (0.25) remained low at 2, 3 and 5 years. Angiographic complications included four aneurysms (two procedure related and two occurring within 3 months). At 2 years, only one aneurysm increased in size (46 vs. 27 mm{sup 2}); and at 3 and 5 years, all aneurysms remained unchanged. No other angiographic complications were observed. Conclusion: The early clinical and angiographic effects of intracoronary gamma radiation were maintained at 5 years without further increase in the aneurysm formation or apparent new adverse effects related to the radiation therapy between 2 and 5 years.

  6. Factors Associated with Loss-to-Follow-Up during Behavioral Interventions and HIV Testing Cohort among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Nanjing, China

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Weiming; Huan, Xiping; Zhang, Ye; Mahapatra, Tanmay; Li, Jianjun; Liu, Xiaoyan; Mahapatra, Sanchita; Yan, Hongjing; Fu, Gengfeng; Zhao, Jinkou; Gu, Chenghua; Detels, Roger

    2015-01-01

    Background Behavioral interventions (BIs) remained the cornerstone of HIV prevention in resource-limited settings. One of the major concerns for such efforts is the loss-to-follow-up (LTFU) that threatens almost every HIV control program involving high-risk population groups. Methods To evaluate the factors associated with LTFU during BIs and HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM), 410 HIV sero-negatives MSM were recruited using respondent driven sampling (RDS) in Nanjing, China during 2008, they were further followed for 18 months. At baseline and each follow-up visits, each participant was counseled about various HIV risk-reductions BIs at a designated sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic. Results Among 410 participants recruited at baseline, altogether 221 (53.9%) were LTFU at the 18-month follow-up visit. Overall, 46 participants were found to be positive for syphilis infection at baseline while 13 participants were HIV sero-converted during the follow-up period. Increasing age was less (Adjusted Odds Ratio(aOR) of 0.90, 95% confidence Interval (CI) 0.86–0.94) and official residency of provinces other than Nanjing (AOR of 2.49, 95%CI 1.32–4.71), lower level of education (AOR of 2.01, 95%CI 1.10–3.66) and small social network size (AOR of 1.75, 95%CI 1.09–2.80) were more likely to be associated with higher odds of LTFU. Conclusion To improve retention in the programs for HIV control, counseling and testing among MSM in Nanjing, focused intensified intervention targeting those who were more likely to be LTFU, especially the young, less educated, unofficial residents of Nanjing who had smaller social network size, might be helpful. PMID:25559678

  7. BENEFITS OF TOTAL BODY PHOTOGRAPHY AND DIGITAL DERMOSCOPY (“TWO-STEP METHOD OF DIGITAL FOLLOW-UP”) IN THE EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF MELANOMA IN HIGH-RISK PATIENTS

    PubMed Central

    Salerni, Gabriel; Carrera, Cristina; Lovatto, Louise; Puig-Butille, Joan Anton; Badenas, Celia; Plana, Estel; Puig, Susana; Malvehy, Josep

    2011-01-01

    Background Early detection of melanoma is the best way to improve prognosis. Digital follow up (DFU) programs of high-risk populations could be an efficient strategy for detecting early melanomas with low morbidity. Objective to report the added value of the use of the “two-step method” (digital total-body photography and digital dermoscopy) Methods Analysis of the surveillance of 618 high-risk melanoma patients included in our DFU-program from 1999 to 2008. Results A total of 11396 lesions were monitored (mean 18.44 per patient) during a median follow-up of 96 months (median 10 visits per patient). 1152 lesions, 1.86 per patient, were excised. Almost 70% (798) were lesions previously registered at least twice, while 356 (30%) were detected and removed in the same visit. During follow-up, 98 melanomas (8.5% of excised lesions) were diagnosed in 78 patients (12.6%). 53 melanomas were in situ (53.3%), while invasive (45) showed a Breslow index of less than 1 mm (median 0.5 mm) and none was ulcerated. Limitations Since there are no control groups we cannot convey if the combined use of total-body photography and digital dermoscopy is more beneficial than these techniques used separately. Conclusion DFU with Total-Body Photography and Dermoscopy in a selected high-risk population demonstrated the early detection of melanomas with a low rate of excisions. Long-term follow-up is required to allow the detection of slow growing melanomas. Based on our 10-year experience, melanomas can be diagnosed at any time, suggesting that in high-risk population, DFU should be maintained with time. PMID:21683472

  8. Six-year experience of a nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic.

    PubMed

    Al Chalabi, Hasan; O'Riordan, James M; Richardson, Alex; Flannery, Delia; O'Connor, Katrina; Stuart, Charlotte; Larkin, John; McCormick, Paul; Mehigan, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Aims and Objectives. To review the experience of a nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic in a tertiary referral colorectal cancer centre. Methodology. Data from the nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic in our unit was prospectively maintained in a colorectal cancer database. Data was analysed from January 1, 2006 until the December 31, 2011. Results. 1125 patients were diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and referred to our unit as a tertiary centre for specialised colorectal cancer. Nine hundred and four patients had surgical resection of their colorectal cancer. Four hundred and seven patients were referred to the nurse-led colorectal cancer clinic for surveillance. The mean age of the patient cohort was 67 years (range 32-88) and 56% of patients were male. One hundred and seventeen patients were discharged to their general practitioner having been disease free after 5 years of followup. Fifty-four patients were diagnosed with either local or distant recurrence. Conclusion. A nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic is running according to strict follow-up protocols. This type of clinic significantly reduces the number of routine follow-up patients that have to be seen by the colorectal surgical consultant. PMID:25374950

  9. Six-Year Experience of a Nurse-Led Colorectal Cancer Follow-Up Clinic

    PubMed Central

    Al Chalabi, Hasan; O'Riordan, James M.; Richardson, Alex; Flannery, Delia; O'Connor, Katrina; Stuart, Charlotte; Larkin, John; McCormick, Paul; Mehigan, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Aims and Objectives. To review the experience of a nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic in a tertiary referral colorectal cancer centre. Methodology. Data from the nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic in our unit was prospectively maintained in a colorectal cancer database. Data was analysed from January 1, 2006 until the December 31, 2011. Results. 1125 patients were diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and referred to our unit as a tertiary centre for specialised colorectal cancer. Nine hundred and four patients had surgical resection of their colorectal cancer. Four hundred and seven patients were referred to the nurse-led colorectal cancer clinic for surveillance. The mean age of the patient cohort was 67 years (range 32–88) and 56% of patients were male. One hundred and seventeen patients were discharged to their general practitioner having been disease free after 5 years of followup. Fifty-four patients were diagnosed with either local or distant recurrence. Conclusion. A nurse-led colorectal cancer follow-up clinic is running according to strict follow-up protocols. This type of clinic significantly reduces the number of routine follow-up patients that have to be seen by the colorectal surgical consultant. PMID:25374950

  10. Treatment of alcoholism in Kuwait: a prospective follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Bilal, A M; Kristof, J; Shaltout, A; el-Islam, M F

    1987-03-01

    The outcome of routine drug-supportive psychotherapy treatment of 100 patients with alcohol-related problem in Kuwait's only psychiatric hospital was evaluated in four 6 month's intervals. Patients were assessed on 9 post-treatment questions reflecting improvement or deterioration. Correlation of follow-up changes to pre-treatment data shows that non-Kuwaitis do better than Kuwaitis in resuming employment and social reintegration. Patients on chronic benzodiazepine prescription were less likely to become abstinent, had poor social re-integration and more re-admissions. Good relationships with the family were clearly associated with a better treatment outcome. Scores of weighted follow-up findings were calculated to assess patients' status at each follow-up. Progress during the whole follow-up period was measured by the direction of slope calculated from linear regression model for individual scores. The relationship between pre-treatment conditions and patterns of follow-up was evaluated cross-sectionally (answers distribution) and longitudinally (direction of slope). A pattern of shift emerged where different patient groups crossed over to the opposite end of the score scale. Kuwait society's indulgent attitudes towards Kuwaiti patients with alcohol-related problems in employment have to be changed and utilization of the role of the Arab extended family in therapy is stressed. PMID:2884088

  11. Combination of Paris and Vienna Classifications may Optimize Follow-Up of Gastric Epithelial Neoplasia Patients

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Wen; Ai, Xin-Bo; Zhu, Yi-Miao; Han, Tie-Mei; Shen, Bo; Pan, Wen-Sheng

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of the combination of Paris and Vienna classifications in a follow-up study of gastric epithelial neoplasia (GEN) patients. Material/Methods This study was conducted between January 2003 and September 2010, during which 170 biopsy-proven GEN patients were followed up by gastroenterologists and pathologists according to our follow-up regimen (modified Vienna classification). Results In total, 161 patients with low-grade neoplasia (LGN) and 9 patients with high-grade neoplasia (HGN) were randomly enrolled in our study. Eighteen patients with depressed appearance were observed, of which 9 patients had HGN and 9 patients had low-grade dysplasia (LGD). Three patients with type 0-IIa were observed with low-grade adenoma (LGA), and type 0–I was observed in 2 patients with LGN. Endoscopic or surgical treatments were performed to avoid potential malignancy or bleeding. Two patients with ulcer lesions, 2 patients with non-depressed type 0 appearance, and 3 patients without visible lesions were shown to have higher-grade lesions during follow-up. The misdiagnosis rate of forceps biopsy – 62.07% – was determined by comparing pre- and post-resection diagnoses of 29 patients. Conclusions The combination of the Paris and Vienna classifications for GEN may optimize the follow-up routines for patients with suspicious precancerous lesions and may significantly improve the detection of early gastric cancer (EGC) while helping gastroenterologists select the best therapy option. PMID:25841675

  12. Applicable Railroad Commission rules regarding notification, cleanup, and follow up reporting of inland crude spills

    SciTech Connect

    Grossman, G.M. [Houston District Office, TX (United States)

    1996-08-01

    There are a myriad of regulations, both federal, state, and local dealing with spill notification cleanup, and follow up reporting. This paper describes the applicable Railroad Commission (RRC) Oil and Gas Division Rules and Regulations requiring notification, cleanup, and follow up reporting of inland crude oil spills in the state of Texas. Statewide Rule (SWR) titled {open_quotes}water protection{close_quotes} requires that {open_quotes}no person conducting activities subject to the regulation of RRC may cause or allow pollution of the surface or subsurface water in the state{close_quotes}. SWR 20 titled {open_quotes}notification of fire, breaks, leaks, or blowouts{close_quotes}, requires immediate notice of a fire, leak, spill, or break from production facilities to the appropriate district office and follow up written reporting. SWR 71 titled {open_quotes}Pipeline Tariffs{close_quotes} requires pipeline companies to give immediate notice of spills and fires to the appropriate district office along with follow up reports. SWR 91 titled {open_quotes}Cleanup of soil contaminated by a crude oil spill{close_quotes} requires notification, cleanup, and follow up reporting requirements for crude oil spills.

  13. Combination of Paris and Vienna Classifications may Optimize Follow-Up of Gastric Epithelial Neoplasia Patients.

    PubMed

    Hu, Wen; Ai, Xin-Bo; Zhu, Yi-Miao; Han, Tie-Mei; Shen, Bo; Pan, Wen-Sheng

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of the combination of Paris and Vienna classifications in a follow-up study of gastric epithelial neoplasia (GEN) patients. Material and Methods This study was conducted between January 2003 and September 2010, during which 170 biopsy-proven GEN patients were followed up by gastroenterologists and pathologists according to our follow-up regimen (modified Vienna classification). Results In total, 161 patients with low-grade neoplasia (LGN) and 9 patients with high-grade neoplasia (HGN) were randomly enrolled in our study. Eighteen patients with depressed appearance were observed, of which 9 patients had HGN and 9 patients had low-grade dysplasia (LGD). Three patients with type 0-IIa were observed with low-grade adenoma (LGA), and type 0-I was observed in 2 patients with LGN. Endoscopic or surgical treatments were performed to avoid potential malignancy or bleeding. Two patients with ulcer lesions, 2 patients with non-depressed type 0 appearance, and 3 patients without visible lesions were shown to have higher-grade lesions during follow-up. The misdiagnosis rate of forceps biopsy - 62.07% - was determined by comparing pre- and post-resection diagnoses of 29 patients. Conclusions The combination of the Paris and Vienna classifications for GEN may optimize the follow-up routines for patients with suspicious precancerous lesions and may significantly improve the detection of early gastric cancer (EGC) while helping gastroenterologists select the best therapy option. PMID:25841675

  14. Results at 24 months from the prospective, randomized, multicenter Investigational Device Exemption trial of ProDisc-C versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with 4-year follow-up and continued access patients

    PubMed Central

    Delamarter, Rick B.; Murrey, Daniel; Janssen, Michael E.; Goldstein, Jeffrey A.; Zigler, Jack; Tay, Bobby K-B; Darden, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    Background Cervical total disk replacement (TDR) is intended to address pain and preserve motion between vertebral bodies in patients with symptomatic cervical disk disease. Two-year follow-up for the ProDisc-C (Synthes USA Products, LLC, West Chester, Pennsylvania) TDR clinical trial showed non-inferiority versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), showing superiority in many clinical outcomes. We present the 4-year interim follow-up results. Methods Patients were randomized (1:1) to ProDisc-C (PDC-R) or ACDF. Patients were assessed preoperatively, and postoperatively at 6 weeks and 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, and 48 months. After the randomized portion, continued access (CA) patients also underwent ProDisc-C implantation, with follow-up visits up to 24 months. Evaluations included Neck Disability Index (NDI), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain/satisfaction, and radiographic and physical/neurologic examinations. Results Randomized patients (103 PDC-R and 106 ACDF) and 136 CA patients were treated at 13 sites. VAS pain and NDI score improvements from baseline were significant for all patients (P < .0001) but did not differ among groups. VAS satisfaction was higher at all time points for PDC-R versus ACDF patients (P = .0499 at 48 months). The percentage of patients who responded yes to surgery again was 85.6% at 24 months and 88.9% at 48 months in the PDC-R group, 80.9% at 24 months and 81.0% at 48 months in the ACDF group, and 86.3% at 24 months in the CA group. Five PDC-R patients (48 months) and no CA patients (24 months) had index-level bridging bone. By 48 months, approximately 4-fold more ACDF patients required secondary surgery (3 of 103 PDC-R patients [2.9%] vs 12 of 106 ACDF patients [11.3%], P = .0292). Of these, 6 ACDF patients (5.6%) required procedures at adjacent levels. Three CA patients required secondary procedures (24 months). Conclusions Our 4-year data support that ProDisc-C TDR and ACDF are viable surgical options for symptomatic cervical disk disease. Although ACDF patients may be at higher risk for additional surgical intervention, patients in both groups show good clinical results at longer-term follow-up.

  15. Loss to Follow-Up as a Competing Risk in an Observational Study of HIV-1 Incidence

    PubMed Central

    Graham, Susan M.; Raboud, Janet; McClelland, R. Scott; Jaoko, Walter; Ndinya-Achola, Jeckoniah; Mandaliya, Kishor; Overbaugh, Julie; Bayoumi, Ahmed M.

    2013-01-01

    Objective Conventional survival estimates may be biased if loss to follow-up (LTF) is associated with the outcome of interest. Our goal was to assess whether the association between sexual risk behavior and HIV-1 acquisition changed after accounting for LTF with competing risks regression. Methods HIV-1-seronegative women who enrolled in a Kenyan sex worker cohort from 1993–2007 were followed prospectively and tested for HIV at monthly clinic visits. Our primary predictor was self-reported sexual risk behavior in the past week, analyzed as a time-dependent covariate. Outcomes included HIV-1 acquisition and LTF. We analyzed the data using Cox proportional hazards regression and competing risks regression, in which LTF was treated as a competing event. Results A total of 1,513 women contributed 4,150 person-years (py), during which 198 (13.1%) acquired HIV-1 infection (incidence, 4.5 per 100 py) and 969 (64.0%) were LTF (incidence, 23.4 per 100 py). After adjusting for potential confounders, women reporting unprotected sex with multiple partners were less likely to be lost to follow-up (adjusted sub-hazard ratio (aSHR) 0.50, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.32–0.76, relative to no sexual activity). The risk of HIV-1 acquisition after reporting unprotected sex with multiple partners was similar with Cox regression (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 2.41, 95% CI 1.36–4.27) and competing risks regression (aSHR 2.47, 95% CI 1.33–4.58). Conclusions Unprotected sex with multiple partners was associated with higher HIV-1 acquisition risk, but lower attrition. This differential attrition did not substantially bias Cox regression estimates when compared to competing risks regression results. PMID:23555041

  16. Home versus hospital deliveries: follow up study of matched pairs for procedures and outcome. Zurich Study Team.

    PubMed Central

    Ackermann-Liebrich, U.; Voegeli, T.; Günter-Witt, K.; Kunz, I.; Züllig, M.; Schindler, C.; Maurer, M.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess procedures and outcomes in deliveries planned at home versus those planned in hospital among women choosing the place of delivery. DESIGN: Follow up study of matched pairs. SETTING: Antenatal clinics and reference hospitals in Zurich between 1989 and 1992. SUBJECTS: 489 women opting for home delivery and 385 opting for hospital delivery; the women comprised all those attending members of the study team for antenatal care and those attending the reference hospital for antenatal care who could be matched with the women planning home confinement. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Need for medication and incidence of interventions during delivery (caesarean section, forceps, vacuum extraction, episiotomy), duration of labour, occurrence of severe perineal lesions, maternal blood loss, and perinatal morbidity and death. RESULTS: All women were followed up from their first antenatal visit till three months after delivery. Referrals during pregnancy (n = 37) and labour (70), changes of mind (15 home to hospital, eight hospital to home), and 17 miscarriages resulted in 369 births occurring at home and 486 in hospital. During delivery the home birth group needed significantly less medication and fewer interventions whereas no differences were found in durations of labour, occurrence of severe perineal lesions, and maternal blood loss. Perinatal death was recorded in one planned hospital delivery and one planned home delivery (overall perinatal mortality 2.3/1000). There was no difference between home and hospital delivered babies in birth weight, gestational age, or clinical condition. Apgar scores were slightly higher and umbilical cord pH lower in home births, but these differences may have been due to differences in clamping and the time of transportation. CONCLUSION: Healthy low risk women who wish to deliver at home have no increased risk either to themselves or to their babies. PMID:8942694

  17. Longitudinal changes in white matter following ischemic stroke: a three-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Wang, Changsheng; Stebbins, Glenn T; Nyenhuis, David L; deToledo-Morrell, Leyla; Freels, Sally; Gencheva, Eugenia; Pedelty, Laura; Sripathirathan, Kumar; Moseley, Michael E; Turner, David A; Gabrieli, John D E; Gorelick, Philip B

    2006-12-01

    Information on longitudinal changes in white matter after stroke is limited. The aim of the present study was to quantitatively investigate longitudinal changes in the microstructural integrity of non-lesioned white matter at 1-3 years following ischemic stroke. In a sample of 80 ischemic stroke patients, we obtained diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures of fractional anisotropy (FA), an apparent measure of white matter integrity, in radiologically normal-appearing white matter at baseline and 3 years of follow-up. Mixed model regression analysis results showed a significant improvement in FA from baseline during the first 2 years of follow-up that stabilized by the third year of follow-up. These results demonstrate a long-term improvement in apparent white matter integrity following ischemic stroke that continues, at least, into the second year following the insult. PMID:16310892

  18. [Computerized tomography in the staging and the follow-up of Hodgkin's lymphoma of the thorax].

    PubMed

    Garribba, A P; Ettorre, G C; Francioso, G; Villani, P C; Angone, G; Liso, V; Specchia, G; Pavone, V; Capalbo, S

    1990-12-01

    As yet, the role of Computed Tomography (CT) as a routine imaging technique in the staging and follow-up of thoracic Hodgkin's disease has not been assessed. The authors report the results obtained in 120 patients affected with thoracic Hodgkin's disease, staged and followed by means of chest X-rays and CT. CT better identified intrathoracic involvement of mediastinal nodes, of lung parenchyma, of pleura, and of pericardial and chest walls in 54/120 patients (45%), with staging modifications in 18 (15%) of them only. Treatment was changed only in 12 patients (10%) where radiation therapy had been planned. The clinical value of the additional information yielded by CT was especially evident in the follow-up: CT allowed the correct evaluation of persistent/recurrent disease in 51/117 patients (43.5%), a figure high enough to suggest the use of CT in the routine follow-up of patients affected with thoracic Hodgkin's disease. PMID:2281167

  19. A multidisciplinary consensus document on follow-up strategies for patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Rossini, Roberta; Oltrona Visconti, Luigi; Musumeci, Giuseppe; Filippi, Alessandro; Pedretti, Roberto; Lettieri, Corrado; Buffoli, Francesca; Campana, Marco; Capodanno, Davide; Castiglioni, Battistina; Cattaneo, Maria Grazia; Colombo, Paola; De Luca, Leonardo; De Servi, Stefano; Ferlini, Marco; Limbruno, Ugo; Nassiacos, Daniele; Piccaluga, Emanuela; Raisaro, Arturo; Ravizza, PierFranco; Senni, Michele; Tabaglio, Erminio; Tarantini, Giuseppe; Trabattoni, Daniela; Zadra, Alessandro; Riccio, Carmine; Bedogni, Francesco; Febo, Oreste; Brignoli, Ovidio; Ceravolo, Roberto; Sardella, Gennaro; Bongo, Sante; Faggiano, Pompilio; Cricelli, Claudio; Greco, Cesare; Gulizia, Michele Massimo; Berti, Sergio; Bovenzi, Francesco

    2015-04-01

    The number of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is increasing worldwide. Follow-up strategies after PCI are extremely heterogeneous and can greatly affect the cost of medical care. Of note, clinical evaluations and non-invasive exams are often performed to low risk patients. In the present consensus document, practical advises are provided with respect to a tailored follow-up strategy on the basis of patients' risk profile. Three strategies follow-up have been defined and types and timing of clinical and instrumental evaluations are reported. Clinical and interventional cardiologists, cardiac rehabilitators, and general practitioners, who are in charge to manage post-PCI patients, equally contributed to the creation of the present document. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25380511

  20. Weight Suppression Predicts Maintenance and Onset of Bulimic Syndromes at 10-Year Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Keel, Pamela K.; Heatherton, Todd F.

    2010-01-01

    Conflicting results have emerged regarding the prognostic significance of weight suppression for maintenance of bulimic symptoms. This study examined whether the magnitude of weight suppression would predict bulimic syndrome maintenance and onset in college-based samples of men (n=369) and women (n=968) at 10-year follow-up. Data come from a longitudinal study of body weight and disordered eating with high retention (80%). Among those with a bulimic syndrome at baseline, greater weight suppression significantly predicted maintenance of the syndrome, and, among those without a bulimic syndrome at baseline, greater weight suppression predicted onset of a bulimic syndrome at 10-year follow-up in multivariate models that included baseline body mass index, diet frequency, and weight perception. Future research should address mechanisms that could account for the effects of weight suppression over a long duration of follow-up. PMID:20455599

  1. Weight suppression predicts maintenance and onset of bulimic syndromes at 10-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Keel, Pamela K; Heatherton, Todd F

    2010-05-01

    Conflicting results have emerged regarding the prognostic significance of weight suppression for maintenance of bulimic symptoms. This study examined whether the magnitude of weight suppression would predict bulimic syndrome maintenance and onset in college-based samples of men (n = 369) and women (n = 968) at 10-year follow-up. Data come from a longitudinal study of body weight and disordered eating with high retention (80%). Among those with a bulimic syndrome at baseline, greater weight suppression significantly predicted maintenance of the syndrome and, among those without a bulimic syndrome at baseline, greater weight suppression predicted onset of a bulimic syndrome at 10-year follow-up in multivariate models that included baseline body mass index, diet frequency, and weight perception. Future research should address mechanisms that could account for the effects of weight suppression over a long duration of follow-up. PMID:20455599

  2. A new era of sub-millimeter GRB afterglow follow-ups with the Greenland Telescope

    E-print Network

    Urata, Yuji; Asada, Keiichi; Hirashita, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Makoto; Ho, Paul T P

    2015-01-01

    A planned rapid submillimeter (submm) Gamma Ray Burst (GRBs) follow-up observations conducted using the Greenland Telescope (GLT) is presented. The GLT is a 12-m submm telescope to be located at the top of the Greenland ice sheet, where the high-altitude and dry weather porvides excellent conditions for observations at submm wavelengths. With its combination of wavelength window and rapid responding system, the GLT will explore new insights on GRBs. Summarizing the current achievements of submm GRB follow-ups, we identify the following three scientific goals regarding GRBs: (1) systematic detection of bright submm emissions originating from reverse shock (RS) in the early afterglow phase, (2) characterization of forward shock and RS emissions by capturing their peak flux and frequencies and performing continuous monitoring, and (3) detections of GRBs as a result of the explosion of first-generation stars result of GRBs at a high redshift through systematic rapid follow ups. The light curves and spectra calcul...

  3. Morbidity from Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning at Three-year Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Smith, J. Sidney; Brandon, S.

    1973-01-01

    Seventy-four survivors of acute carbon monoxide poisoning were followed up for an average of three years. In eight patients gross neuropsychiatric damage was directly attributable to the poisoning. Three patients had committed suicide and eight had died from other causes. Morbidity and mortality in those deliberately and accidentally poisoned was approximately equal. Of 63 patients alive at follow-up eight showed an improvement and 21 (33.3%) a deterioration of personality after poisoning, and 27 (43%) reported a subsequent impairment of memory. Deterioration of personality and memory impairment were highly correlated. The level of consciousness on admission to hospital in the acute phase of poisoning correlated significantly with the development of gross neuropsychiatric sequelae. These findings emphasize the importance of prompt and efficient treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning and the need to follow-up all cases in the anticipation of a relapsing course or the development of sequelae. PMID:4685620

  4. Treating Traumatic Lumbosacral Spondylolisthesis Using Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with three years follow up

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Shujie

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the surgical outcome of traumatic lumbosacral spondylolisthesis treated using posterior lumbar interbody fusion, and help spine surgeons to determine the treatment strategy. Methods: We reviewed retrospectively five cases of traumatic lumbosacral spondylolisthesis treated in our hospital from May 2005 to May 2010. There were four male and one female patient, treated surgically using posterior lumbar interbody fusion. The patients’ data including age, neurological status, operation time, blood loss, follow-up periods, X- radiographs and fusion status were collected. Results: All the cases were treated using posterior lumbar interbody fusion to realize decompression, reduction and fusion. Solid arthrodesis was found at the 12-month follow-up. No shift or breakage of the instrumentation was found, and all the patients were symptom-free at the last follow-up. Conclusion: Traumatic lumbosacral spondylolisthesis can be treated using posterior lumbar interbody fusion to realize the perfect reduction, decompression, fixation and fusion. PMID:25225542

  5. Research Units of Pediatric Psychopharmacology (RUPP) Autism Network Randomized Clinical Trial of Parent Training and Medication: One-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, L. Eugene; Aman, Michael G.; Li, Xiaobai; Butter, Eric; Humphries, Kristina; Scahill, Lawrence; Lecavalier, Luc; McDougle, Christopher J.; Swiezy, Naomi B.; Handen, Benjamin; Wilson, Krystina; Stigler, Kimberly A.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To follow up on a three-site, 24-week randomized clinical trial (N = 124) comparing antipsychotic medication alone (MED) with antipsychotic medication plus parent training in the behavior management (COMB) of children with autism spectrum disorders and severe behavior problems. The COMB treatment had shown a significant advantage for…

  6. Outcome of knee injuries in general practice: 1-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Wagemakers, Harry PA; Luijsterburg, Pim AJ; Heintjes, Edith M; Berger, Marjolein Y; Verhaar, Jan; Koes, Bart W; Bierma-Zeinstra, Sita MA

    2010-01-01

    Background Knee injuries may lead to pain and to functional limitations in the activities of daily living. Patients with knee injuries are frequently seen in general practice; however, the outcome and management in these patients is not known. Aim To assess the outcome and management of knee injuries at 12 months' follow-up in general practice. Design of study A prospective observational cohort study with a 1-year follow-up. Setting Primary health care. Method Adult patients consulting their GP after knee injury (n = 134) participated in the cohort. A magnetic resonance imaging scan was carried out and patients were diagnosed as either no lesion or an isolated meniscal tear, an isolated collateral or cruciate ligament lesion, or a combination. Follow-up questionnaires were filled in up to 12 months' follow-up. Results At 12 months' follow-up, 34 patients reported full recovery and 67 patients reported major improvement. At baseline, 37 patients (28%) were referred to physical therapy and 17 patients (13%) were referred to secondary care. During 1 year of follow-up, another 21 referrals to physical therapy and 11 referrals to secondary care took place. The pain severity decreased the most, and the Lysholm knee score increased in the majority of patients during the first 3 months after injury. In total, 18 arthroscopies were performed in 15 patients. One patient underwent an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Conclusion The vast majority of patients report clinically relevant recovery. There is no clear difference in outcomes between patients with meniscal tears or ligament lesions and patients without these diagnoses. PMID:20132694

  7. Ten year follow up of pulmonary function in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Davidson, B; Kelly, C; Griffiths, I

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—To follow up a previous report on the lung function of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS), and describe the findings having followed up this cohort for a median duration of 10 years (range 8-12 years).?METHODS—30 patients fulfilling Fox's criteria for definite or probable primary SS were assessed within six months of diagnosis and after a median duration of four and then 10 years by a clinical examination, chest radiograph, and lung function studies (FEV1, FVC, TLCO, and KCO).?RESULTS—At baseline, symptomatic dyspnoea was a common finding, reported by 13/30 patients, of whom two had evidence of fibrosing alveolitis on plain chest radiograph. Five patients had a carbon monoxide transfer factor (TLCO) more than two standardised residuals below the predicted value. After four years' follow up two further patients developed radiological fibrotic changes and there were significant reductions in TLCO (p<0.02) and transfer coefficient (KCO) (p<0.02) compared with the baseline measurements. At 10 years' follow up four patients had died and four were lost to follow up. One patient with fibrosing alveolitis had died from chest disease. There were no further cases of pulmonary fibrosis identified on plain chest radiograph. The lung function studies showed no further deterioration from the results found at year four with significant improvements in both TLCO (p<0.001) and KCO (p<0.001). Those patients who were anti-Ro antibody positive had significantly lower transfer factors than patients with primary SS without this serological marker (p<0.02).?CONCLUSION—This long term follow up of lung disease in primary SS is reassuring, and suggests that most patients do not develop progressive lung disease. Pulmonary disease occurs predominantly in anti-Ro antibody positive patients and presents early in the course of the disease.?? PMID:10976085

  8. Dietary changes in Vietnamese marriage immigrant women: The KoGES follow-up study

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Ji-Yun; Lee, Hakim; Ko, Ahra; Han, Chan-Jung; Chung, Hye Won

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The immigrant population has grown considerably in South Korea since the early 1990s due to international marriages. Dietary changes in immigrants are an important issue, because they are related to health and disease patterns. This study was conducted to compare changes in dietary intake between baseline and follow-up periods. SUBJECTS/METHODS Two hundreds thirty three Vietnamese female married immigrants. Baseline data were collected during 2006-2009, and the follow-up data were collected during 2008 and 2010. Food consumption was assessed using a 1-day 24-hour recall. RESULTS The amount of the total food consumed (P < 0.001) including that of cereals (P = 0.004), vegetables (P = 0.003), and fruits (P = 0.002) decreased at follow-up compared to that at baseline, whereas consumption of milk and dairy products increased (P = 0.004). Accordingly, the overall energy and nutrient intake decreased at follow-up, including carbohydrates (P = 0.012), protein (P = 0.021), fiber (P = 0.008), iron (P = 0.009), zinc (P = 0.006), and folate (P = 0.002). Among various anthropometric and biochemical variables, mean skeletal muscle mass decreased (P = 0.012), plasma high density lipoprotein-cholesterol increased, (P = 0.020) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein decreased at follow-up (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS A long-term follow-up study is needed to investigate the association between changes in food and nutrient intake and anthropometric and biochemical variables in these Vietnamese female marriage immigrants. PMID:24944778

  9. Timeliness of abnormal screening and diagnostic mammography follow-up at facilities serving vulnerable women

    PubMed Central

    Goldman, L. Elizabeth; Walker, Rod; Hubbard, Rebecca; Kerlikowske, Karla

    2013-01-01

    Background Whether timeliness of follow-up after abnormal mammography differs at facilities serving vulnerable populations such as women with limited education or income, in rural areas, and racial/ethnic minorities is unknown. Methods We examined receipt of diagnostic evaluation following abnormal mammography using 1998-2006 Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium-linked Medicare claims. We compared whether time to recommended breast imaging or biopsy depended on whether women attended facilities serving vulnerable populations. We characterized a facility by the proportion of mammograms performed on women with limited education or income, in rural areas, or racial/ethnic minorities. Results We analyzed 30,874 abnormal screening examinations recommended for follow-up imaging across 142 facilities and 10,049 abnormal diagnostic examinations recommended for biopsy across 114 facilities. Women at facilities serving populations with less education or more racial/ethnic minorities had lower rates of follow-up imaging (4-5% difference, p<0.05), and women at facilities serving more rural and low income populations had lower rates of biopsy (4-5% difference, p<0.05). Women undergoing biopsy at facilities serving vulnerable populations had longer times until biopsy than those at facilities serving non-vulnerable populations (21.6 days vs. 15.6 days; 95% CI for mean difference 4.1-7.7). The proportion of women receiving recommended imaging within 11 months and biopsy within 3 months varied across facilities (interquartile range 85.5%-96.5% for imaging and 79.4%-87.3% for biopsy). Conclusions Among Medicare recipients, follow-up rates were slightly lower at facilities serving vulnerable populations, and among those women who returned for diagnostic evaluation, time to follow-up was slightly longer at facilities that served vulnerable population. Interventions should target variability in follow-up rates across facilities, and evaluate effectiveness particularly at facilities serving vulnerable populations. PMID:23358386

  10. Follow-up Actions on Electronic Referral Communicationin a Multispecialty Outpatient Setting

    PubMed Central

    Esquivel, Adol; Sittig, Dean F.; Murphy, Daniel; Kadiyala, Himabindu; Schiesser, Rachel; Espadas, Donna; Petersen, Laura A.

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES Electronic health records (EHR) enable transmission and tracking of referrals between primary-care practitioners (PCPs) and subspecialists. We used an EHR to examine follow-up actions on electronic referral communication in a large multispecialty VA facility. METHODS We retrieved outpatient referrals to five subspecialties between October 2006 and December 2007, and queried the EHR to determine their status: completed, discontinued (returned to PCP), or unresolved (no action taken by subspecialist). All unresolved referrals, and random samples of discontinued and completed referrals were reviewed to determine whether subspecialists took follow-up actions (i.e., schedule appointments anytime in the future) within 30 days of referral-receipt. For referrals without timely follow-up, we determined whether inaction was supported by any predetermined justifiable reasons or associated with certain referral characteristics. We also reviewed if PCPs took the required action on returned information. RESULTS Of 61,931 referrals, 22,535 were discontinued (36.4%), and 474 were unresolved (0.8%). We selected 412 discontinued referrals randomly for review. Of these, 52% lacked follow-up actions within 30 days. Appropriate justifications for inaction were documented in 69.8% (150/215) of those without action and included lack of prerequisite testing by the PCP and subspecialist opinion that no intervention was required despite referral. We estimated that at 30 days, 6.3% of all referrals were associated with an unexplained lack of follow-up actions by subspecialists. Conversely, 7.4% of discontinued referrals returned to PCPs were associated with an unexplained lack of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS Although the EHR facilitates transmission of valuable information at the PCP-subspecialist interface, unexplained communication breakdowns in the referral process persist in a subset of cases. PMID:20848235

  11. Case Study of Home-School Visits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguerrebere, Yolanda

    2009-01-01

    This case study evaluated one site of a California teacher home visit program. Home visits have been an important means of connecting families and schooling. In 1999, California inaugurated a statewide home visit program to promote effective partnership between home and school for low-achieving schools. At this site, families in 3 kindergarten…

  12. Follow-Up of Alcohol Septal Ablation for Symptomatic Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valerian L. Fernandes; Christopher Nielsen; Sherif F. Nagueh; Amy E. Herrin; Christine Slifka; Jennifer Franklin; William H. Spencer III

    Results Ethanol (2.6 1.0 ml) was injected into 1.3 0.5 septal arteries, inducing a septal infarct. Complications included death 1% (n 6), permanent pacemaker requirement 8.2% (n 52), coro- nary dissection 1.3% (n 8), and worsening mitral regurgitation 0.3% (n 2). The mean follow-up was 4.6 2.5 years (range: 3 months to 10.2 years). During follow-up, New York Heart Association

  13. Measuring the Quality of Colorectal Cancer Screening: The Importance of Follow-Up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David A. Etzioni; Elizabeth M. Yano; Lisa V. Rubenstein; Martin L. Lee; Clifford Y. Ko; Robert H. Brook; Patricia H. Parkerton; Steven M. Asch

    2006-01-01

    \\u000a Purpose  As evidence mounts for effectiveness, an increasing proportion of the United States population undergoes colorectal cancer\\u000a screening. However, relatively little is known about rates of follow-up after abnormal results from initial screening tests.\\u000a This study examines patterns of colorectal cancer screening and follow-up within the nation's largest integrated health care\\u000a system: the Veterans Health Administration.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We obtained information about patients

  14. Very long-term follow-up of adults treated in infancy for hydrocephalus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eva-Karin Persson; Barbro Lindquist; Paul Uvebrant; Elisabeth Fernell

    Purpose  The purpose of this study is to perform a population-based, very long-term follow-up of adults who had been shunt treated\\u000a for hydrocephalus in infancy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The 72 children with hydrocephalus born in 1967–1978 in western Sweden, who had participated in a follow-up at school age,\\u000a were re-examined at 30–43 years of age. The 29 with mental retardation were described in terms of

  15. Diagnosis delay and follow-up strategies in colorectal cancer. Prognosis implications: a study protocol

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Controversy exists with regard to the impact that the different components of diagnosis delay may have on the degree of invasion and prognosis in patients with colorectal cancer. The follow-up strategies after treatment also vary considerably. The aims of this study are: a) to determine if the symptoms-to-diagnosis interval and the treatment delay modify the survival of patients with colorectal cancer, and b) to determine if different follow-up strategies are associated with a higher survival rate. Methods/Design Multi-centre study with prospective follow-up in five regions in Spain (Galicia, Balearic Islands, Catalonia, Aragón and Valencia) during the period 2010-2012. Incident cases are included with anatomopathological confirmation of colorectal cancer (International Classification of Diseases 9th revision codes 153-154) that formed a part of a previous study (n = 953). At the time of diagnosis, each patient was given a structured interview. Their clinical records will be reviewed during the follow-up period in order to obtain information on the explorations and tests carried out after treatment, and the progress of these patients. Symptoms-to-diagnosis interval is defined as the time calculated from the diagnosis of cancer and the first symptoms attributed to cancer. Treatment delay is defined as the time elapsed between diagnosis and treatment. In non-metastatic patients treated with curative intention, information will be obtained during the follow-up period on consultations performed in the digestive, surgery and oncology departments, as well as the endoscopies, tumour markers and imaging procedures carried out. Local recurrence, development of metastases in the follow-up, appearance of a new tumour and mortality will be included as outcome variables. Actuarial survival analysis with Kaplan-Meier curves, Cox regression and competitive risk survival analysis will be performed. Discussion This study will make it possible to verify if the different components of delay have an impact on survival rate in colon cancer and rectal cancer. In consequence, this multi-centre study will be able to detect the variability present in the follow-up of patients with colorectal cancer, and if this variability modifies the prognosis. Ideally, this study could determine which follow-up strategies are associated with a better prognosis in colorectal cancer. PMID:20920369

  16. Follow-up study using iodine-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine imaging in a patient with neuroblastoma

    SciTech Connect

    Ikekubo, K.; Habuchi, Y.; Jeong, S.; Yamaguchi, H.; Saiki, Y.; Ito, H.; Hino, M.; Higa, T.

    1986-11-01

    A new radiopharmaceutical, I-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine (I-131 MIBG) was used to determine the location and to follow-up tumors in a 13-month-old girl with neuroblastoma. I-131 MIBG imaging revealed both a primary abdominal tumor and a distant metastatic orbital tumor. Follow-up study with I-131 MIBG imaging demonstrated significant resolution of tumors after external radiotherapy and chemotherapy. I-131 MIBG imaging is a simple, safe, and specific method of determining the location of tumors and also is clinically useful in the evaluation and management of patients with neuroblastoma.

  17. The use of PET-MRI in the follow-up after radiofrequency- and microwave ablation of colorectal liver metastases

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Thermal ablation of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) may result in local progression, which generally appear within a year of treatment. As the timely diagnosis of this progression allows potentially curative local treatment, an optimal follow-up imaging strategy is essential. PET-MRI is a one potential imaging modality, combining the advantages of PET and MRI. The aim of this study is evaluate fluorine-18 deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG) PET-MRI as a modality for detection of local tumor progression during the first year following thermal ablation, as compared to the current standard, FDG PET-CT. The ability of FDG PET-MRI to detect new intrahepatic lesions, and the extent to which FDG PET-MRI alters clinical management, inter-observer variability and patient preference will also be included as secondary outcomes. Methods/Design Twenty patients undergoing treatment with radiofrequency or microwave ablation for (recurrent) CRLM will be included in this prospective trial. During the first year of follow-up, patients will be scanned at the VU University Medical Center at 3-monthly intervals using a 4-phase liver CT, FDG PET-CT and FDG PET-MRI. Patients treated with chemotherapy <6 weeks prior to scanning or with a contra-indication for MRI will be excluded. MRI will be performed using both whole body imaging (mDixon) and dedicated liver sequences, including diffusion-weighted imaging, T1 in-phase and opposed-phase, T2 and dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging. The results of all modalities will be scored by 4 individual reviewers and inter-observer agreement will be determined. The reference standard will be histology or clinical follow-up. A questionnaire regarding patients’ experience with both modalities will also be completed at the end of the follow-up year. Discussion Improved treatment options for local site recurrences following CRLM ablation mean that accurate post-ablation staging is becoming increasingly important. The combination of the sensitivity of MRI as a detection method for small intrahepatic lesions with the ability of FDG PET to visualize enhanced metabolism at the ablation site suggests that FDG PET-MRI could potentially improve the accuracy of (early) detection of progressive disease, and thus allow swifter and more effective decision-making regarding appropriate treatment. Trial registration Trial registration number: NCT01895673 PMID:25103913

  18. Total knee replacement in young, active patients: long-term follow-up and functional outcome: a concise follow-up of a previous report.

    PubMed

    Long, William J; Bryce, Christopher D; Hollenbeak, Christopher S; Benner, Rodney W; Scott, W Norman

    2014-09-17

    Concern exists regarding the long-term durability and effectiveness of total knee arthroplasty in young patients. We reviewed our experience with total knee arthroplasty in patients fifty-five years old and younger with severe osteoarthritis to determine the long-term outcomes. One hundred and fourteen total knee arthroplasties were performed in eighty-eight patients at an average patient age of fifty-one years. Clinical outcomes, survival analysis, and radiographs were all reviewed at the most recent follow-up. One hundred and eight knees (eighty-four patients) were followed up from May 2011 to 2012. At thirty years, survivorship without revision for any cause was 70.1% (twenty-five revisions) and survivorship with failure defined as aseptic revision of the tibial or femoral components was 82.5%. At thirty years, a significant difference existed in the survivorship free from tibial or femoral aseptic revision (p = 0.003) between the non-modular Insall-Burstein I component (92.3%) and the modular Insall-Burstein II component (68.3%). All patients were evaluated at an average time from the index total knee arthroplasty to the latest follow-up of 25.1 years (range, twenty to thirty-five years). Clinical evaluation was obtained in thirty-six patients with forty-five total knee arthroplasties. The average Hospital for Special Surgery score had improved from 57.9 points preoperatively to 85.3 points. The average Knee Society score was 87.4 points and the average Knee Society functional score was 62.1 points; the average knee motion was 110°. The mean Tegner and Lysholm activity score improved from 1.5 points preoperatively to 3.0 points. Radiographic review of forty-two knees that had undergone total knee arthroplasty demonstrated a mean 3.2° of valgus, with no cases of radiographically loose components. Total knee arthroplasty with use of a cemented posterior stabilized system, particularly a non-modular Insall-Burstein I design, was an effective treatment option with durable results for end-stage symptomatic osteoarthritis in this young cohort. These data should provide comparison for modern total knee arthroplasties and alternative procedures in young patients. PMID:25232089

  19. Congressman Clyburn Visit

    ScienceCinema

    Cody, Tom

    2012-06-14

    Congressman James Clyburn visits the new employees of the Savannah River Site. These new jobs the graduates have received are a result of the Recovery Act at work. Lisa Jackson of the Environmental Protection Agency speaks about how the ARRA is in line with President Obama's vision of a better economy and cleaner environment.

  20. Congressman Clyburn Visit

    SciTech Connect

    Cody, Tom

    2010-01-01

    Congressman James Clyburn visits the new employees of the Savannah River Site. These new jobs the graduates have received are a result of the Recovery Act at work. Lisa Jackson of the Environmental Protection Agency speaks about how the ARRA is in line with President Obama's vision of a better economy and cleaner environment.

  1. Risk factors for recurrence of diabetic foot ulcers: prospective follow-up analysis in the Eurodiale subgroup.

    PubMed

    Dubský, Michal; Jirkovská, Alexandra; Bem, Robert; Fejfarová, Vladimira; Skibová, Jelena; Schaper, Nicolaas C; Lipsky, Benjamin A

    2013-10-01

    Few studies have examined factors associated with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) recurrence. Using data from patients enrolled in the prospective Eurodiale DFU study, we investigated the frequency of and risk factors for DFU recurrence after healing during a 3-year follow-up period. At our site, 93 Eurodiale-enrolled patients had a healed DFU. Among these, 14 were not alive; of the remaining 79 patients we enrolled 73 in this study. On entry to the Eurodiale study, we assessed demographic factors (age, sex and distance from hospital); diabetes-related factors [duration, and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels]; comorbidities (obesity, renal failure, smoking and alcohol abuse) and DFU-related factors [peripheral arterial disease, ulcer infection, C-reactive protein (CRP) and; foot deformities]. During the 3-year follow-up period, a DFU had recurred in 42 patients (57.5%). By stepwise logistic regression of findings at initial DFU presentation, the significant independent predictors for recurrence were plantar ulcer location [odds ratio (OR) 8.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.2-33.2]; presence of osteomyelitis (OR 5.17, 95% CI 1.4-18.7); HbA1c > 7.5% ([DCCT], OR 4.07, 95% CI 1.1-15.6) and CRP > 5 mg/l (OR 4.27, 95% CI 1.2-15.7). In these patients with a healed DFU, the majority had a recurrence of DFU during a 3-year follow-up period, despite intensive foot care. The findings at diagnosis of the initial DFU were independent risk factors associated with ulcer recurrence (plantar location, bone infection, poor diabetes control and elevated CRP) and define those at high risk for recurrence, but may be amenable to targeted interventions. PMID:22712631

  2. Value of bone scanning in the follow-up of breast cancer patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Schünemann; P. J. Langecker; W. Ellgas; A. Leonhardt; H. Merkl

    1990-01-01

    Summary The aim of the study was to assess the value of routine bone scintigrams, independent of the primary tumor stage or the presence of symptoms, in the postsurgical follow-up of breast cancer patients for the early detection of bone metastases. For this purpose 1000 patients with postsurgical breast cancer without previous documentation of metastatic disease, who were admitted to

  3. Multi observation PET image analysis for patient follow-up quantitation and therapy assessment

    E-print Network

    Brest, Université de

    1 Multi observation PET image analysis for patient follow-up quantitation and therapy assessment S Institut Telecom - Telecom Bretagne, Brest, F-29200 France. Abstract. In Positron Emission Tomography (PET-quantitative parameters restricted to maximum SUV measured in PET scans during the treatment. Such measurements do

  4. The association between gout and nephrolithiasis in men: The Health Professionals' Follow-Up Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Holly J. Kramer; Hyon K. Choi; Karen Atkinson; Meir Stampfer; Gary C. Curhan

    2003-01-01

    The association between gout and nephrolithiasis in men: The Health Professionals' Follow-Up Study. Approximately 10 million adults in the United States have experienced the passage of a kidney stone, and up to 5 million have been diagnosed with gout by a physician. Previous reports have suggested that gout increases the risk for the development of kidney stones, but there are

  5. Attitudes towards Down's syndrome: follow up of a cohort of 280 cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C Julian-Reynier; Y Aurran; A Dumaret; A Maron; F Chabal; F Giraud; S Aymé

    1995-01-01

    A follow up study of a cohort of 280 Down's syndrome (DS) fetuses was initiated in order to estimate the percentage of terminations of pregnancy, the prevalence at birth, the survival of DS children, the attitude of the parents at birth, and the medical and surgical care provided. The present study is a preliminary analysis of the data collected up

  6. Clinical and Radiological Long-Term Follow-up After Embolization of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations

    SciTech Connect

    Andersen, Poul Erik [Odense University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Denmark)], E-mail: anders1@dadlnet.dk; Kjeldsen, Anette D. [Odense University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology (Denmark)

    2006-02-15

    The purpose was to evaluate the clinical and radiological long-term results of embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) and to assess the quality of life after treatment. A clinical follow-up was undertaken after 67 months (mean) in 35 consecutive patients with 106 PAVMs. Outcome parameters at follow-up were PaO{sub 2} and patients' satisfaction. During follow-up, the patients had a clinical examination, measurement of arterial blood gases, chest X-ray, and contrast echocardiography performed and were asked to fill in a questionnaire exploring experience of the treatment and subjective effect of treatment on physical and social functioning. A significant rise in oxygenation of the blood after embolization was measured. In 77% of the patients symptoms improved, and 71% felt better performance. In eight patients, one of the PAVMs was found insufficiently embolized or recanalized at follow-up angiography and therefore were re-embolized. Endovascular embolization for PAVMs is effective. Clinical parameters and quality of life improved significantly. Regular clinical controls after therapy are necessary to discover insufficiently embolized, recanalized or new PAVMs.

  7. Transobturator tape for female stress incontinence: follow-up after 24 months

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Waleed Al Taweel; Danny M. Rabah

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this paper is to evaluate the effective - ness of transobturator vaginal tape (TOT) in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to analyze functional results and quality of life after 24 months follow-up. Methods: The study included all women with SUI who underwent a TOT procedure in which the sling passes from the

  8. CLINTON, NEW JERSEY, RADON MITIGATION FOLLOW-UP AND LONG-TERM MONITORING

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report gives results of a follow-up of the 1986 demonstration of radon reduction techniques in 10 houses in Clinton, New Jersey. Initial radon levels in the 10 houses ranged from 400 to 2200 pCi/1. Radon reductions of more than 95% were achieved by using a variety of subslab ...

  9. PLENARY SESSION: Posttreatment Follow-up Care for Cancer Survivors - Office of Cancer Survivorship

    Cancer.gov

    The growing population of cancer survivors at risk for serious adverse effects after treatment, both psychological and physical, is in need of practitioners who understand the complicated health issues they face. Follow-up care needs vary with the survivor; pediatric, young adult, and older adult cancer survivors all face distinct challenges.

  10. Callosal Tissue Loss in Multiple System Atrophy--A One-Year Follow-Up Study

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Paul

    , extending posteriorly into the isthmus. Callosal atrophy may possibly reflect a disease-specific pattern of neurodegeneration and cortical atrophy, fitting well with the predominant impair- ment of motor functions in the MSACallosal Tissue Loss in Multiple System Atrophy-- A One-Year Follow-Up Study Martina Minnerop, MD,1

  11. A Follow-Up Study of the Oregon Project. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lahti, Janet; And Others

    In 1973 the Children's Services Division (Oregon State) initiated a project to reduce the backlog of children in indeterminate status by developing more Permanent alternative placements. This follow-up study evaluates the placements of foster children who returned to their parents, were adopted, or remained in foster care. A literature review…

  12. Treatment of odontogenic keratocysts: A follow-up of 255 Chinese patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yi-Fang Zhao; Jin-Xiong Wei; Shi-Ping Wang

    2002-01-01

    Objective. The purpose of this study was to report our experience in the surgical treatment of 484 Chinese patients with follow-up in 255 cases. Methods. A retrospective analysis was conducted of all odontogenic keratocysts that were surgically treated and histopathologically diagnosed between 1962 and 1998. The odontogenic keratocysts were surgically treated with enucleation, marsupialization followed by secondary enucleation, and resection

  13. Loneliness, Social Networks, and Mortality: 18 Years of Follow-up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iecovich, Esther; Jacobs, Jeremy M.; Stessman, Jochanan

    2011-01-01

    We examined the influence of changes in loneliness and social support networks upon mortality during 18 years of follow-up among an elderly cohort and determined the gender-specific nature of this relationship. The study is based on data collected from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study (1990-2008), which has followed a representative sample of 605…

  14. Follow-Up of JCCC Career Program Completers: Class of 1999-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conklin, Karen A.

    This paper presents the results of a follow-up study of students who completed a Johnson County Community College (JCCC) (Kansas) career program. Of 699 students on a list of completers, 465 returned surveys for an adjusted response rate of 67%. Of 176 potential respondents who were employers of students, 124 returned surveys for an adjusted…

  15. High School and Beyond, Third Follow-up (1986). Technical Report 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sebring, Penny; And Others

    This report summarizes and documents the major technical aspects of the High School and Beyond (HS&B) third follow-up survey conducted during the spring and summer of 1986. Young persons who, either as sophomores or as seniors, had participated in the base year survey in 1980 were contracted for the fourth time in 1984 and asked to complete…

  16. Long-Term Follow-Up Study of Endovascularly Treated Intracranial Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Pyysalo, L.M.; Keski-Nisula, L.H.; Niskakangas, T.T.; Kähärä, V.J.; Öhman, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Summary Long-term follow-up studies after endovascular treatment for intracranial aneurysm are still rare and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term clinical and angiographic outcome of patients with endovascularly treated aneurysms. The clinical outcome of all 185 patients with endovascularly treated aneurysms were analyzed and 77 out of 122 surviving patients were examined with MRI and MRA nine to 16 years (mean 11 years) after the initial endovascular treatment. Sixty-three patients were deceased at the time of follow-up. The cause of death was aneurysm-related in 34 (54?) patients. The annual rebleeding rate from the treated aneurysms was 1.3% in the ruptured group and 0.1% in the unruptured group. In long-term follow-up MRA 18 aneurysms (53%) were graded as complete, 11 aneurysms (32%) had neck remnants and five aneurysms (15%) were incompletely occluded in the ruptured group. The occlusion grade was lower in the unruptured group with 20 aneurysms (41%) graded as complete, 11 (22%) had neck remnants and 18 (37%) were incomplete. However, only three aneurysms were unstable during the follow-up period and needed retreatment. Endovascular treatment of unruptured aneurysms showed incomplete angiographic outcome in 37% of cases. However, the annual bleeding rate was as low as 0.1%. Endovascular treatment of ruptured aneurysms showed incomplete angiographic outcome in 15% of cases and the annual rebleeding rate was 1,3%. PMID:20977853

  17. Long-term Follow-up Study of Endovascularly Treated Intracranial Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Pyysalo, L.M.; Keski-Nisula, L.H.; Niskakangas, T.T.; Kähärä, V.J.; Öhman, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Summary Long-term follow-up studies after endovascular treatment for intracranial aneurysm are still rare and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to assess long-term clinical and angiographic outcome of patients with endovascularly treated aneurysms. The Clinical outcome of all 185 patients with endovascularly treated aneurysms were analyzed and 77 out of 122 surviving patients were examined with MRI and MRA nine to 16 years (mean 11 years) after the initial endovascular treatment. Sixty-three patients were deceased at the time of follow-up. The cause of death was aneurysm- related in 34 (54%) patients. The annual re- bleeding rate from the treated aneurysms was 1.3% in the ruptured group and 0.1% in the unruptured group. In long-term follow-up MRA 18 aneurysms (53%) were graded as complete, 11 aneurysms (32%) had neck remnants and five aneurysms (15%) were incompletely occluded in the ruptured group. Occlusion grade was lower in the unruptured group with 20 an- eurysms (41%) graded as complete, 11 (22%) had neck remnants and 18 (37%) were incomplete. However, only three aneurysms were unstable during the follow-up period and needed retreatment. Endovascular treatment of unruptured aneu- rysms showed incomplete angiographic outcome in 37% of cases. However, annual bleeding rate was as low as 0.1%. Endovascular treatment of ruptured aneurysms showed incomplete angiographic outcome in 15% of cases and the annual rebleeding rate was 1.3%. PMID:21162766

  18. Howard Community College Follow-Up of 1986 Graduates. Research Report Number 52.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novak, Virginia E.

    In March 1987, Maryland's Howard Community College (HCC) conducted a follow-up survey of 1986 graduates to assess former students' perceptions of the college with respect to the achievement of their transfer and employment preparation goals. Questionnaires were mailed to 273 former students who had received an associate degree or certificate…

  19. Evidence-Based Assessment in Case Management to Improve Abnormal Cancer Screen Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vourlekis, Betsy; Ell, Kathleen; Padgett, Deborah

    2005-01-01

    The authors describe an evidence-based assessment protocol for intensive case management to improve screening diagnostic follow-up developed through a research project in breast and cervical cancer early detection funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Three components of an evidence-based approach to assessment are presented…

  20. Three and 6Month Follow-Up of EMDR Treatment of PTSD in an HMO Setting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Marcus; Priscilla Marquis; Caroline Sakai

    2004-01-01

    Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) treatment was found to maintain superiority to newly initiated standard Kaiser Care, which consisted of individual therapy plus variations of medication and group therapy. A 3- and 6-month follow-up of individuals randomly assigned to either EMDR treatment or standard care (SC) treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) indicates that significantly greater improvements found with

  1. Medical Treatment of Stage I Nasal Polyposis over a 3Year Follow-Up Period

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Bonfils; Jean-Marc Norès; Philippe Halimi; Paul Avan

    2004-01-01

    Purpose: To determine the effects of a standardized therapeutic protocol (short-term oral administration of prednisolone and daily intranasal spray of beclometasone) on stage I nasal polyposis over a follow-up period of 3 years. Procedures: Assessments (evaluation of nasal function and drug consumption) were conducted at baseline and every 3 months on 54 consecutive patients with stage I nasal polyposis during

  2. Psychopathy and Offending From Adolescence to Adulthood: A 10-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gretton, Heather M.; Hare, Robert D.; Catchpole, Rosalind E. H.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the predictive validity of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV; A. E. Forth, D. S. Kosson, & R. D. Hare, 2003) from adolescence to early adulthood. The authors coded the PCL:YV using file information and collected criminal record information over a 10-year follow-up period on 157 boys, ages 12 through 18,…

  3. Five Year Follow-up Evaluation of a Faculty Development Program: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennill, Marcia Marie

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative follow-up evaluation explored the long-term impact of a faculty development program on participants who were five years post program. This study focused on 12 faculty members who participated in the University of Missouri's New Faculty Teaching Scholars program. The nine month program focused on creating a culture of teaching…

  4. Follow-up care after a health fair screening in three Houston neighborhoods in 2008

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeanne S Hanks

    2009-01-01

    Background. Each year thousands of people participate in mass health screenings for diabetes and hypertension, but little is known about whether or not those who receive higher than normal screening results obtain the recommended follow-up medical care, or what barriers they perceive to doing so. ^ Methods. Study participants were recruited from attendees at three health fairs in low-income neighborhoods

  5. Methods for Conducting Post-School Outcomes Follow-Up Studies: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alverson, Charlotte Y.; Bayliss, Camilla; Naranjo, Jason M.; Yamamoto, Scott H.; Unruh, Deanne

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this brief is to summarize the methodologies and outcome measures used in Post-School Outcomes follow-up and follow-along studies of adolescents with disabilities. As a requisite in the Request for Proposal for funding of the National Post-School Outcomes Center (NPSO), knowledge development activities were to include: "Conducting a…

  6. Follow-Up Survey of the Graduates of 1980-81.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stein, June

    A follow-up study of 1980-81 graduates of Minneapolis Community College (MCC) was conducted to ascertain information on students' employment and educational activities since graduation; their attitudes towards the education received at MCC; and their use of various college services and activities. In spring 1982, questionnaires were sent to the…

  7. Privacy Walkthrough Checklist No. Privacy & Information Security Audit Comments -Please specify for follow-up

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    Privacy Walkthrough Checklist No. Privacy & Information Security Audit Comments - Please specify for follow-up 1 Confidential information discussed by staff in public areas 2 Conversations with patient information can be overheard 4 Patient lists, such as scheduled procedures, are readily visible by patients

  8. The D.A.T. -- A Seven-Year Follow-Up.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Test Service Bulletin, 1955

    1955-01-01

    A second follow-up of students in five cities in 1947 who had taken the Differential Aptitude Tests is reported. Questionnaires were sent out to 2,386 individuals, and replies were received from 1,430. Their Differential Aptitude Test scores were converted to standard scores with a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10, based upon the original…

  9. An Evaluation of an Innovative Drug Education Program: Follow-Up Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

    This study provides a follow-up assessment of an innovative drug education program for seventh and eighth graders. Students learned Lasswell's framework for understanding human needs and motives, a systematic decision-making procedure, and information about the pharmacological, psychological, and social consequences of licit and illicit drug use.…

  10. A 40Year Follow-up of Patients With Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gunnar Skoog; Ingmar Skoog

    1999-01-01

    Background: The long-term course of obsessive- compulsive disorder is insufficiently known. We stud- ied the course of this disorder in patients who were followed up for 40 years. Methods: Patients admitted with a diagnosis of obsessive- compulsive disorder to the Department of Psychiatry, Sahl- grenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden, between 1947 and 1953 were examined by an experienced psy- chiatrist

  11. Longitudinal Follow-Up of Children with Autism Receiving Targeted Interventions on Joint Attention and Play

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasari, Connie; Gulsrud, Amanda; Freeman, Stephanny; Paparella, Tanya; Hellemann, Gerhard

    2012-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the cognitive and language outcomes of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) over a 5-year period after receiving targeted early interventions that focused on joint attention and play skills. Method: Forty children from the original study (n = 58) had complete data at the 5-year follow-up. Results: In all,…

  12. The relationship between flow experience and sense of coherence: a 1-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Iida, Kenji; Oguma, Yuko

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between flow experience and sense of coherence in 279 tai chi practitioners aged 67.9 ± 7.9 years, with a 1-year follow-up questionnaire. Our results suggest that tai chi improves sense of coherence in older adults, beginners, and long-term practitioners. PMID:24503746

  13. A Follow-Up Study of Girls with Gender Identity Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drummond, Kelley D.; Bradley, Susan J.; Peterson-Badali, Michele; Zucker, Kenneth J.

    2008-01-01

    This study provided information on the natural histories of 25 girls with gender identity disorder (GID). Standardized assessment data in childhood (mean age, 8.88 years; range, 3-12 years) and at follow-up (mean age, 23.24 years; range, 15-36 years) were used to evaluate gender identity and sexual orientation. At the assessment in childhood, 60%…

  14. A Randomized Effectiveness Trial of Brief Parent Training: Six-Month Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kjøbli, John; Bjørnebekk, Gunnar

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine the follow-up effectiveness of brief parent training (BPT) for children with emerging or existing conduct problems. Method: With the use of a randomized controlled trial and parent and teacher reports, this study examined the effectiveness of BPT compared to regular services 6 months after the end of the intervention.…

  15. The natural course of myasthenia gravis: a long term follow up study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H J Oosterhuis

    1989-01-01

    A long term follow up study is presented of 73 patients with myasthenia gravis, living in Amsterdam between 1926 and 1965. In the period 1961-65 the annual incidence was 3.1, the prevalence 53 per million. Maximum severity of the disease occurred during the first seven years after onset in 87%. Eighteen (29%) patients died, of whom eight had a thymoma

  16. Controlled two year follow up of rehabilitation for disorders in the neck and shoulders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K Ekberg; B Björkqvist; P Malm; B Bjerre-Kiely; O Axelson

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To evaluate the effects of an early, active, and multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for neck and shoulder disorders. METHODS--Primary health care and industrial health care of a nonrandomised, controlled, cohort was followed up over two years in a geographically defined area. The cohort consisted of working people who consulted a physician about disorders of the neck or shoulders from 1 August

  17. Psychopathy, Treatment Behavior, and Recidivism: An Extended Follow-Up of Seto and Barbaree

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbaree, Howard E.

    2005-01-01

    Seto and Barbaree reported the unexpected finding that adult male sex offenders who scored higher on psychopathy and exhibited better behavior in treatment were almost four times more likely to commit a new serious offence than other offenders once released. The present study reexamined this sample after a longer follow-up time using more complete…

  18. An Exploration of Online Environments Supporting Follow-Up to Face-to-Face Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Marybeth; Cifuentes, Lauren

    2008-01-01

    In this study we examined the effects of online follow-up and online peer interaction following a face-to face professional development workshop on attitudes towards that professional development and completion of a professional development task. School librarians were invited to work online on a three page plan outlining interventions a library…

  19. Follow-Up Survey of PVCC Graduates of the Class of 1998-99. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, William H., Jr.; Head, Ronald B.

    This report presents findings reported in the follow-up survey of Piedmont Virginia Community College (PVCC) (Virginia) graduates of the class of 1998-99. Graduates were surveyed during the spring of 2000 to determine what jobs they had obtained, which schools they were attending, how much they earned, how satisfied they were with their employment…

  20. The Sexual Adjustment of Coronary Bypass Surgery Patients: A 4-Year Follow-Up.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thurer, Shari; Thurer, Robert L.

    1983-01-01

    Measured the sexual adjustment of 14 individuals before coronary bypass surgery and both four months and four years afterwards. Results showed that sexual adjustment worsened with the onset of symptomatic coronary artery disease and did not improve at either follow-up interval. (LLL)

  1. Offending Behaviours of Child and Adolescent Firesetters over a 10-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambie, Ian; Ioane, Julia; Randell, Isabel; Seymour, Fred

    2013-01-01

    Background: To assess the postintervention arson recidivism and other offending rates of a group of 182 firesetting children and adolescents referred to the New Zealand Fire Awareness and Intervention Program (FAIP) over a follow-up period of 10 years. To investigate predictors of offending behaviour as well as variables associated with previous…

  2. Adolescents' Declining Motivation to Learn Science: A Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vedder-Weiss, Dana; Fortus, David

    2012-01-01

    This is a mix methods follow-up study in which we reconfirm the findings from an earlier study [Vedder-Weiss & Fortus [2011] "Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 48(2)", 199-216]. The findings indicate that adolescents' declining motivation to learn science, which was found in many previous studies [Galton [2009] "Moving to secondary school:…

  3. Ca 15-3 in the follow-up of localised breast cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R Kokko; K Holli; M Hakama

    2002-01-01

    Altogether, 243 female breast cancer patients with localised disease diagnosed between 1991 and 1995 in the Tampere University Hospital area were followed prospectively after primary treatment until the first relapse. In the follow-up period, the serum tumour marker Ca 15-3 was analysed every 6 months to ascertain the validity of this marker in detecting the first relapse. The sensitivity and

  4. Technical Report of an Evaluation/Follow-Up System. [Volume 1].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, J. A.; And Others

    To obtain quantifiable employment information and identify training weaknesses of former vocational technical students, a comprehensive follow-up questionnaire was developed and validated. The new questionnaire, after review and revision, was field tested, using twenty-five randomly selected former students (placed in occupations related to their…

  5. Emotionally Focused Interventions for Couples with Chronically Ill Children: A 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cloutier, Paula F.; Manion, Ian G.; Walker, Jan Gordon; Johnson, Susan M.

    2002-01-01

    Couples with chronically ill children are particularly at risk for experiencing marital distress. The study presented here is a 2-year follow-up of a randomized control trial that assessed the efficacy of Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) in decreasing marital distress in a sample of couples with a chronically ill child. Thirteen couples with…

  6. Proportional hazards regression in epidemiologic follow-up studies: an intuitive consideration of primary time scale.

    PubMed

    Cologne, John; Hsu, Wan-Ling; Abbott, Robert D; Ohishi, Waka; Grant, Eric J; Fujiwara, Saeko; Cullings, Harry M

    2012-07-01

    In epidemiologic cohort studies of chronic diseases, such as heart disease or cancer, confounding by age can bias the estimated effects of risk factors under study. With Cox proportional-hazards regression modeling in such studies, it would generally be recommended that chronological age be handled nonparametrically as the primary time scale. However, studies involving baseline measurements of biomarkers or other factors frequently use follow-up time since measurement as the primary time scale, with no explicit justification. The effects of age are adjusted for by modeling age at entry as a parametric covariate. Parametric adjustment raises the question of model adequacy, in that it assumes a known functional relationship between age and disease, whereas using age as the primary time scale does not. We illustrate this graphically and show intuitively why the parametric approach to age adjustment using follow-up time as the primary time scale provides a poor approximation to age-specific incidence. Adequate parametric adjustment for age could require extensive modeling, which is wasteful, given the simplicity of using age as the primary time scale. Furthermore, the underlying hazard with follow-up time based on arbitrary timing of study initiation may have no inherent meaning in terms of risk. Given the potential for biased risk estimates, age should be considered as the preferred time scale for proportional-hazards regression with epidemiologic follow-up data when confounding by age is a concern. PMID:22517300

  7. The Acculturation of a Group of Lithuanian Women: A Follow-Up Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cernius, Vytautas J.

    1980-01-01

    Presents a study of Lithuanian refugees involving 24 women and spanning 16 years, from the original study done in 1957 in Chicago, to the follow-up study of 14 of the same respondents done in 1973-74. Describes their process of acculturation in different life areas, their attitudes, and their associations. (Executive Office of the AABS, 231 Miller…

  8. Dr. Leary's Concord Prison Experiment: a 34-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Doblin, R

    1998-01-01

    This study is a long-term follow-up to the Concord Prison Experiment, one of the best-known studies in the psychedelic psychotherapy literature. The Concord Prison Experiment was conducted from 1961 to 1963 by a team of researchers at Harvard University under the direction of Timothy Leary. The original study involved the administration of psilocybin-assisted group psychotherapy to 32 prisoners in an effort to reduce recidivism rates. This follow-up study involved a search through the state and federal criminal justice system records of 21 of the original 32 subjects, as well as personal interviews with two of the subjects and three of the researchers: Timothy Leary, Ralph Metzner and Gunther Weil. The results of the follow-up study indicate that published claims of a treatment effect were erroneous. This follow-up study supports the emphasis in the original reports on the necessity of embedding psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy with inmates within a comprehensive treatment plan that includes post-release, nondrug group support programs. Despite substantial efforts by the experimental team to provide post-release support, these services were not made sufficiently available to the subjects in this study. Whether a new program of psilocybin-assisted group psychotherapy and post-release programs would significantly reduce recidivism rates is an empirical question that deserves to be addressed within the context of a new experiment. PMID:9924845

  9. Young Adult Follow-Up of Hyperactive Children: Antisocial Activities and Drug Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barkley, Russell A.; Fischer, Mariellen; Smallish, Lori; Fletcher, Kenneth

    2004-01-01

    Background: Hyperactive/ADHD children are believed to be a greater risk for adolescent and young adult antisocial activity and drug use/abuse, particularly that subset having comorbid conduct problems/disorder. Method: We report on the lifetime antisocial activities and illegal drug use self-reported at young adult follow-up (mean age 20-21 years;…

  10. Sierra Leone's Former Child Soldiers: A Follow-Up Study of Psychosocial Adjustment and Community Reintegration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Betancourt, Theresa Stichick; Borisova, Ivelina Ivanova; Williams, Timothy Philip; Brennan, Robert T.; Whitfield, Theodore H.; de la Soudiere, Marie; Williamson, John; Gilman, Stephen E.

    2010-01-01

    This is the first prospective study to investigate psychosocial adjustment in male and female former child soldiers (ages 10-18; n = 156, 12% female). The study began in Sierra Leone in 2002 and was designed to examine both risk and protective factors in psychosocial adjustment. Over the 2-year period of follow-up, youth who had wounded or killed…

  11. The Preschool Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment Study (PATS) 6-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddle, Mark A.; Yershova, Kseniya; Lazzaretto, Deborah; Paykina, Natalya; Yenokyan, Gayane; Greenhill, Laurence; Abikoff, Howard; Vitiello, Benedetto; Wigal, Tim; McCracken, James T.; Kollins, Scott H.; Murray, Desiree W.; Wigal, Sharon; Kastelic, Elizabeth; McGough, James J.; dosReis, Susan; Bauzo-Rosario, Audrey; Stehli, Annamarie; Posner, Kelly

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To describe the clinical course of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom severity and diagnosis from ages 3 to 5 up to 9 to 12 years during a 6-year follow-up after the original Preschool ADHD Treatment Study (PATS). Method: A total of 207 participants (75% male) from the original PATS, assessed at baseline (mean age,…

  12. A follow-up study of the fate of small asymptomatic deep venous thromboses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Rosfors; Lena M Persson; Gerd Lärfars; Lasse J Lapidus

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Postoperative asymptomatic deep venous thromboses (ADVT) can give rise to posttthrombotic syndrome (PTS), but there are still many unresolved issues in this context. For example, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the fate of small ADVT following minor orthopedic surgery. This follow-up study evaluates postthrombotic changes and clinical manifestations of PTS in a group of patients with asymptomatic

  13. Using Student Follow-up Surveys to Improve College Programs. A Staff Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

    Information on the use and effectiveness of follow-up surveys in four-year and two-year institutions are obtained. In the four-year sector, 55 public and 34 private colleges were included, while in the two-year sector, the entire public systems of four states were compared. This involved 15 institutions in Georgia, 17 in Maryland, 16 in South…

  14. 78 FR 26618 - Collection of Information; Proposed Extension of Approval; Comment Request-Follow-Up Activities...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ...Comment Request--Follow-Up Activities for Product-Related...operates a surveillance system known as the National...departments. The NEISS system has been in operation...related injuries under control number 3041-0029...Estimated Burden The NEISS system collects...

  15. Control System Implementation and Follow-up within the Cooling and Ventilation Contracts for the LHC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y Body; H Jena; M C Morodo

    2001-01-01

    The control system implementation for the cooling and ventilation facilities connected to the LHC Project relies on the technical and human resources that are organised within large-size industrial contracts. Beside the technical aspects, the follow-up of the implementation activities in the framework of such contracts also involves a managerial effort in order to achieve a flexible and coherent control system.

  16. An Examination of Differential Follow-Up Rates in Cervical Cancer Screening

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick Fox; Pam Arnsberger; Xiulan Zhang

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that follow-up rates for women with abnormal cervical cancer screening results vary by age, ethnicity, and initial screening results in California's Breast and Cervical Cancer Control Program. The sample consisted of women in the screening program who received an abnormal cervical screening result (N = 1,738). Bivariate and logistic regression

  17. Personality Disorders in People with Learning Disabilities: Follow-Up of a Community Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lidher, J.; Martin, D. M.; Jayaprakash, M. S.; Roy, A.

    2005-01-01

    Background: A sample of community-based service users with intellectual disability (ID) was re-examined after 5 years to determine the impact of a diagnosis of personality disorder (PD). Methods: Seventy-five of the original 101 participants were followed up. Of these, 21 people had a PD identified during the original study. Results: Compared with…

  18. Review of telephone follow-up experience at the Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Chow; Kin-Wah Fung; Nicole Bradley; Lori Davis; Lori Holden; Cyril Danjoux

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To review the feasibility of telephone follow-up following a 3-year experience from 1999 to 2001 at the Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program as a prospec- tive radiotherapy outcome assessment of symptom palliation. Methods and materials: Patients referred for pal- liative radiotherapy for symptom control from 1999 to 2001 were asked to rate symptom distress using the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System

  19. Application of ?-analysis and synthesis to follow-up control of a profile measuring system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Minoru Takahashit; Mikio Kamoshitat; Masayuki Fujitaz

    1998-01-01

    This paper deals with designing a follow-up control system of a profile measuring system using complex ?-synthesis and mixed ?-analysis. First for the coarse actuator, the complex ?-based control which is effective integration of H? control and complex ?-analysis is designed. Then the interconnection structure that includes above the system of the coarse actuator, the designed controller and the fine

  20. Procedures for Longitudinal Job Placement Follow-up of Former Program Participants. Adult Migrant Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grisham, Linda J.

    A longitudinal study followed up participants of three Florida Adult Migrant Projects in order to examine project success in converting unemployable migrant and seasonal farmworker clients of Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA), Title IV-A, Section 402, into independent wage earners and to determine the extent to which employment was consistent to…

  1. Training Rural Educators in Kentucky: Impact with Follow-Up Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grisham-Brown, Jennifer; Collins, Belva C.; Baird, Constance M.

    The University of Kentucky has been providing graduate-level distance learning programs in moderate and severe disabilities and early childhood special education since 1989 through the Training Rural Educators in Kentucky (TREK) Projects. To document the effectiveness of the program, a follow-up survey was conducted in 1998 with an emphasis on the…

  2. Meniscal allograft transplantation: A 1- to 5-year follow-up of 22 patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George T. Stollsteimer; Walter R. Shelton; Andrea Dukes; Anna Laura Bomboy

    2000-01-01

    Between October 1991 and December 1995, a total of 22 patients (23 knees) underwent meniscal transplantation with nonirradiated, cryopreserved allografts. Implantation was arthroscopically assisted using bone plugs to prevent meniscal extrusion and maintain weight-bearing functional position. Patients were evaluated with an average follow-up of 40 months (range, 13 to 69 months) using the International Knee Documentation Committee, Lysholm, and Tegner

  3. Transition Follow-Up System Development for Youth with Disabilities: Stakeholders' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Youn-Young

    2014-01-01

    In this study I examined in depth the perspectives of stakeholders in Manitoba on the development and implementation of a transition follow-up system (TFS) for youth with disabilities. I conducted focus groups and individual interviews with a total of 76 stakeholders and obtained qualitative data. The stakeholders who participated in this study…

  4. Fifteen-Year Follow-Up of Thyroid Status in Adults with Down Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prasher, V.; Ninan, S.; Haque, S.

    2011-01-01

    Background: The natural history of thyroid function in adults with Down syndrome is relatively unknown with limited long-term follow-up data. Method: This study investigated annual thyroid function tests in 200 adults with Down syndrome over a 15-year period. Results: For healthy adults with Down syndrome there is a gradual increase in thyroxine…

  5. FOLLOW-UP OF PATIENTS RECEIVING DIAGNOSTIC DOSES OF 131 IODINE DURING CHILDHOOD

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report documents the data collection methodology and procedures of a follow-up survey conducted of persons under 16 years old who received diagnostic Iodine 131 for evaluation of thyroid function at nine clinical centers prior to December 31, 1960. The intent of this data col...

  6. Wireless Communicative stent for follow-up of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    E-print Network

    Lagrée, Pierre-Yves

    Wireless Communicative stent for follow-up of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Johan Mazeyrat, Olivier aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a dilatation of the aorta at the abdominal level, which rupture is a life people in the world are nowadays subject to an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) illness. AAA illness

  7. Follow-Up Study of Former Students of the Data Processing Program. Volume XVI, No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rilki, Ernest; Lucas, John A.

    In spring 1987, a follow-up survey was conducted of former William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) students who had taken five or more data processing courses at the college between 1980 and 1986. The survey focused on the students' employment status and educational intent while attending WRHC, their present employment situation, and their evaluation…

  8. Prediction of medication noncompliance in outpatients with schizophrenia: 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Yamada, Kazuo; Watanabe, Koichiro; Nemoto, Naoyuki; Fujita, Hidechika; Chikaraishi, Chikayo; Yamauchi, Keita; Yagi, Gohei; Asai, Masahiro; Kanba, Shigenobu

    2006-01-30

    Neuroleptic noncompliance is a major reason for relapse in outpatients with schizophrenia. In a 2-year follow-up study, we used the Japanese version of the Rating of Medication Influences Scale (ROMI-J) to investigate the reasons for compliance and noncompliance in outpatients with schizophrenia. Ninety outpatients who were confirmed by interview to have had good compliance for more than 3 months completed the initial interview, which included the Clinical Global Impressions Scale (CGI), the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF), the UKU Side Effect Rating Scale, and the ROMI-J. All the outpatients were followed up for 2 years. At the initial interview, the most frequent reason for compliance was "relapse prevention," while the most frequent reason for noncompliance was "distressed by side effects." Fifteen outpatients who proved to be noncompliant in the follow-up period had higher baseline BPRS "agitation" scores and ROMI-J "no perceived daily benefit" ratings than compliant patients. Sixty-four outpatients who maintained compliance during the follow-up had higher baseline ROMI-J ratings of "fulfillment of life goals" than their noncompliant counterparts. It is important to understand the attitudes of patients with schizophrenia toward drug therapy in order to predict better compliance and provide psychoeducation designed to forestall relapses. PMID:16318875

  9. School's Out: A Comprehensive Follow-Up Study on Parents' Perceptions of Their Child's School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raty, Hannu

    2010-01-01

    This longitudinal study set out to examine the changes that took place in parents' evaluations of their child's school in the course of the child's complete 9-year-long compulsory education. Over the follow-up period, academically educated and vocationally educated mothers and fathers (N = 326) were asked to indicate their degree of satisfaction…

  10. Follow Up of the Phi Theta Kappa Initiates of Fall 1979 - Fall 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stein, June

    A follow-up study of Minneapolis Community College (MCC) initiates to Phi Theta Kappa (PTK), a national honorary fraternity for community colleges, was conducted to ascertain information on students' educational and employment experience since initiation and to obtain suggestions for additional courses and ways in which education at MCC could be…

  11. Research Update: Two-Year Follow-up Report for the Wilderness Therapy Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis-Berman, Jennifer; Berman, Dene S.

    1994-01-01

    Follow-up surveys of 23 adolescent participants in the Wilderness Therapy Program examined self-efficacy, behavioral symptoms, and locus of control at 4 months, 1 year, and 2 years after the program. Results suggest a regression to pretest levels at 4 months, with a return to the original posttest change levels at 1 and 2 years. (Author/SV)

  12. Follow-Up Study of 1992 Nursing Graduates. Volume XXII, Number 15, March 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, John A.; Meltesen, Cal

    In an attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of its nursing program, William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) (Illinois) conducted a follow-up study of 1992 nursing graduates or alumni. In spring 1993, a survey instrument, inquiring about employment status, future educational plans, and evaluation of their experience at WRHC, was mailed to all 142 WRHC…

  13. Follow-Up Study of 1988 Harper Career Alumni. Volume XVIII, No. 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, John A.; Meltesen, Cal

    As part of an ongoing evaluation of the career programs at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC), a follow-up study of 1988 career alumni was conducted and results were compared with previous years. Questionnaires were sent to 517 students who earned 48 or more hours during the 1987-88 academic year at WRHC. Study findings, based on a 75% response…

  14. Follow-Up Study of 1990 Harper College Career Alumni. Volume XX, No. 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, J.; Meltesen, C.

    As part of an ongoing evaluation of the career programs at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC), in Palatine, Illinois, a follow-up study of 1990 career alumni was conducted and results were compared with previous years. Questionnaires were sent to 599 students who had earned 48 or more hours during the 1989-90 academic year at WRHC. Study…

  15. Follow-Up Study of 1979-80 Students: North Carolina Community College System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allred, Marcus D.; Wingfield, Julian C., Jr.

    A follow-up study of 53,045 occupational curriculum students who left North Carolina community colleges in 1979-80 was conducted to obtain information on students' current employment or educational status, reasons for attending and leaving the colleges, and students' evaluations of the education and services provided. Responses to the 22-item…

  16. A Four-Year Follow-Up Study of Underachieving College Freshmen

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valine, Warren J.

    1976-01-01

    A four-year follow-up study of underachieving college freshmen measured changes in the self-concept of those still in college and those who had dropped out. Significant differences generally favored college seniors. Findings also indicate that dropping out of college may be a positive experience. (Author)

  17. Bilateral dislocation of the hip in spina bifida: a long-term follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Heeg, M; Broughton, N S; Menelaus, M B

    1998-01-01

    Nineteen patients with spina bifida and bilateral dislocation of the hips were studied with a minimal follow-up of 10 years. The average age at review was 21 years (range, 10-31). Ten patients had an upper neurologic level (thoracic to L3), and nine had a low lesion (L4 to sacrum). Three patients had no hip surgery. A closed or open reduction was performed in 12 hips, supplemented by one or more surgical procedures. Of these, 10 remained enlocated, and two had redislocated. In all other hips, several surgical procedures were performed, aimed at improvement of hip-flexion deformity or stability. At follow-up, one patient had occasional pain in one hip, which was dysplastic. Of the 10 patients with a high lesion, only two were walkers, but both had bilateral dislocation of the hips at follow-up. In contrast, all nine patients were walkers, but four of these had bilateral dislocation at follow-up. We found that a level pelvis and good range of motion of the hips are more important for ambulation than is reduction of bilateral hip dislocation. PMID:9661846

  18. A Follow-Up Study on Word and Non-Word Reading Skills in Down Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roch, Maja; Jarrold, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    The current study was designed to trace changes in the relationship between non-word reading and irregular word reading on the one hand, and between phonological awareness and non-word reading on the other, through a follow-up study of a group of individuals with Down syndrome. Twelve individuals with Down syndrome, whose data were originally…

  19. Case Series: Pediatric Seasonal Affective Disorder. A Follow-up Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JAY N. GIEDD; SUSAN E. SWEDO; CATHERINE H. LOWE; NORMAN E. ROSENTHAL

    1998-01-01

    Six subjects who as children had received a diagnosis of seasonal affective disorder consented to participate in a 7-year follow-up study. Structured and semistructured interviews were conducted to assess the course of illness, response to treatment, and current clinical state. Seasonal patterns of symptoms and response to light therapy remained relatively stable over a 7-year period. Two subjects were using

  20. Treatment Implementation Following Behavioral Consultation in Schools: A Comparison of Three Follow-up Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George H. Noell; Joseph C. Witt; Natalie J. Slider; James E. Connell; Susan L. Gatti; Kashunda L. Williams; Jennifer L. Koenig; Jennifer L. Resetar; Gary J. Duhon

    2005-01-01

    This study examined teachers' implementation of treatment plans fol- lowing consultation. Interventions were implemented for 45 elementary school students referred for consultation and intervention due to academic concerns, chal- lenging behavior, or a combination of the two. The consultation follow-up proce- dures examined were brief weekly interviews, weekly interviews combined with an emphasis on the commitment to implement the treatment,

  1. Freshman to Senior Year: A Follow-Up Study of Identity, Narcissism, and Defense Mechanisms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phebe Cramer

    1998-01-01

    The identity status, narcissism, and use of defense mechanisms of 89 college seniors who had previously been assessed as they entered college (Cramer, 1995) was determined. As compared to earlier follow-up studies, fewer students were found in the Foreclosed status, and more students remained in Moratorium. Support was found for the previously made predictions that change in identity status would

  2. The Literacy Profile of Greek Precocious Readers: A Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tafa, Eufimia; Manolitsis, George

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this follow-up study was to examine the progress made by 13 Greek-speaking precocious readers in phonological awareness, reading and spelling from the fourth to sixth grades of primary education, and to compare their progress with that of 11 nonprecocious reader classmates. It was hypothesised that because of the linguistic…

  3. Determinants of Research Follow-up Participation in an Alcohol Treatment Outcome Trial.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stout, Robert L.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Examined factors associated with research attrition in a long-term follow-up study (48 months). Researchers attempted to contact all randomized participants, not just those who completed treatment. The analyses deal primarily with refusal, the main reason for attrition. Short-term outcome did not predict refusal. The findings, if generalizable,…

  4. A Follow up: Developing Growing Need for Soft-Skills in IT Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Dewey A.; Phillips, Julie

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we follow up "Developing Growing Need for Soft-Skills in IT Professionals," a paper from the 2003 ASCUE Conference. In that paper we examined the need for "soft-skills" by information technology professionals. In the current economic climate, IT outsourcing is becoming increasingly popular. Our Columbus, Indiana Purdue campus has a…

  5. Perceived Levels of Cultural Competence for School Social Workers: A Follow-up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teasley, Martell L.; Archuleta, Adrian; Miller, Christina

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to report on findings from a follow-up study that examined the relationship among social work education programs, postgraduate professional development, and school social workers' perceived levels of cultural competence in practice with urban minority youth. The initial study demonstrated that African Americans…

  6. Personalized Temporal Medical Alert System Trend configuration and follow-up

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Personalized Temporal Medical Alert System Trend configuration and follow-up Juan-Pablo Suarez, accentuate the need of well-adapted medical alert systems. Such alert systems may be used by a variety proposes Tempas, a personalized temporal alert system. It facilitates customized alert configuration

  7. Follow-up actions from positive results of in vitro genetic toxicity testing

    EPA Science Inventory

    Appropriate follow-up actions and decisions are needed when evaluating and interpreting clear positive results obtained in the in vitro assays used in the initial genotoxicity screening battery (i.e., the battery of tests generally required by regulatory authorities) to assist in...

  8. The Effect of Differential Follow-Up on Rearrests: A Critique of Quay and Love.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mrad, David F.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    The evaluation of a juvenile diversion program by Quay and Love (1977) is criticized for employing follow-up periods of differing durations. A second article by Quay and Love responds to Mrad's suggestion that the experimental effect was due to a greater post-program exposure time for the control group. (LPG)

  9. 12-Month Follow-Up of Fluoxetine and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Binge Eating Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grilo, Carlos M.; Crosby, Ross D.; Wilson, G. Terence; Masheb, Robin M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The longer term efficacy of medication treatments for binge-eating disorder (BED) remains unknown. This study examined the longer term effects of fluoxetine and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) either with fluoxetine (CBT + fluoxetine) or with placebo (CBT + placebo) for BED through 12-month follow-up after completing treatments.…

  10. Endoscopic bougie and balloon dilatation of multiple bronchial stenoses: 10 year follow up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J B Ball; J C Delaney; C C Evans; R J Donnelly; C R Hind

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports 10 year follow up data on four patients who underwent mechanical dilatation of multiple bronchial stenoses (sarcoidosis two cases, berylliosis one case, idiopathic stenoses one case). Two patients enjoyed symptomatic and physiological improvement during the nine years before they presented with a recurrence of stenosis. The other two had recurrences sooner, and improved only slightly after they

  11. A twenty-five year follow-up study of ten exceptionally creative adolescent girls.

    PubMed

    Cangelosi, D M; Schaefer, C E

    1991-02-01

    A 25-yr. follow-up of 10 women identified as highly creative during adolescence indicated that most believed they had actualized their creative potential to a moderately high degree. However, only one woman stated that creative expression was a dominant life theme and primary commitment. Factors that facilitate and inhibit creativity over a lifetime are discussed. PMID:2034770

  12. Four-year follow-up of oral health surveillance in renal transplant children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Farge; Bruno Ranchin; Pierre Cochat

    2006-01-01

    To outline the specific oral surveillance needs of renal transplant children, we report the 4-year follow-up data of 106 children examined routinely on a 6-month basis and upon request from the medical team or the parents in the interval. Data were recorded for hard and soft dental tissues, including enamel defects carious lesions, gingival status, orthodontic treatment needs, and wisdom

  13. Freshman Withdrawal from College: A Positive Step toward Identity Formation?: A Follow-Up Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timmons, Frank R.

    1978-01-01

    Males and females who withdrew from college during their freshman year were divided into withdrawers vs continuers, transfers vs nontransfers, and withdrew passing vs withdrew failing. Responses and follow-up interviews indicated that withdrawal form college can be a positive step toward separation from parents and identity formation. (Author/JAC)

  14. Two-Year Follow-up of the Competitive Employment Status of Graduates with Developmental Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoisch, Sharon A.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    This follow-up study of 54 graduates of a California high school career and vocational services program for students with developmental disabilities or learning disabilities found that only 39 percent were in competitive employment and that jobs were predominantly in the food, building, fabrication, and packaging service occupations. Most…

  15. Sources of Validity Evidence for Educational and Psychological Tests: A Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cizek, Gregory J.; Bowen, Daniel; Church, Keri

    2010-01-01

    This study followed up on previous work that examined the incidence of reporting evidence based on test consequences in "Mental Measurements Yearbook". In the present study, additional possible outlets for what has been called "consequential validity" evidence were investigated, including all articles published in the past 10 years in several…

  16. A Follow-Up Study of the ABRACADABRA Web-Based Literacy Intervention in Grade 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Di Stasio, Maria Rosaria; Savage, Robert; Abrami, Philip C.

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the follow-up of a randomised control trial study of the ABRACADABRA web-based literacy intervention that contrasted synthetic versus analytic phonics (Comaskey, Savage & Abrami, 2009) in kindergarten children from urban low-SES backgrounds. Participants who received a "synthetic" phonics+phoneme awareness training (n = 26) or…

  17. Follow-Up Study of 1983 Legal Technology Graduates. Volume 12, No. 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hildebrandt, Sharrie; Lucas, John A.

    A follow-up study was conducted at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) to determine the employment and educational status of graduates of the Legal Technology (LTE) program 6 months after receiving their degree. Attempts were made to contact all 59 1983 LTE graduates for telephone interviews and compare their responses to findings from previous…

  18. Colorado Even Start Follow-Up Study: Trinidad State Junior College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Beckie

    Even Start family literacy programs are integrated adult education, early childhood education, and parent support components intended to break the intergenerational cycle of poverty and low literacy. In Spring of 2002, a follow-up study of one Even Start project was conducted to assess the long-term effects of Even Start programming for families.…

  19. Reversible Autism among Congenitally Blind Children? A Controlled Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobson, R. Peter; Lee, Anthony

    2010-01-01

    Background: Atypical forms of autism may yield insights into the development and nature of the syndrome. Methods: We conducted a follow-up study of nine congenitally blind and seven sighted children who, eight years earlier, had satisfied formal diagnostic criteria for autism and had been included in groups matched for chronological age and verbal…

  20. A Long-Term Follow-Up Study in Essential Cryoglobulinemia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Invernizzi; P. Pioltelli; R. Cattaneo; V. Gavazzeni; P. Borzini; G. Mont; C. Zanussi

    1979-01-01

    In a case series of 56 patients with essential cryoglobulinemia, 35 were followed-up for 4–13 years (mean 7 years). A membranous proliferative glomerulonephritis, which in about half the cases showed a progression to renal insufficiency, was the commonest complication, observed in more than one third of the patients. In 2 patients hepatic cirrhosis became manifest after a completely asymptomatic period

  1. Long-term follow-up of zonulo-hyaloido-vitrectomy for pseudophakic malignant glaucoma

    PubMed Central

    Madgula, Indira M; Anand, Nitin

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To report long-term follow-up of zonulo-hyaloido-vitrectomy (ZHV) via anterior approach for pseudophakic malignant glaucoma refractory to medical treatment. Design: Noncomparative case-series. Materials and Methods: Medical records of 9 patients who sought treatment for aqueous humor misdirection refractory to medical treatment were reviewed. All patients underwent anterior vitrectomy, hyaloido-zonulectomy, and peripheral iridectomy (PI) via an anterior approach. Main outcome measures were preoperative and postoperative visual acuity, intraocular pressure, medications, slit-lamp examination, and fundus findings. Results: 10 eyes of 9 patients (7 female, 2 male) who underwent ZHV for refractory pseudophakic malignant glaucoma between 2003 and 2010 were included in this case-series. The mean age of patients was 77.4 ± 9.0 years, mean follow-up duration 50.2 ± 27.2 months. Recurrence of malignant glaucoma was noted in 40% (four cases) after a successful ZHV on long-term follow-up. Conclusions: An anterior segment surgeon can treat malignant glaucoma refractory to medical treatment successfully by vitrectomy, hyaloido-zonulectomy, and PI. This can be done via an anterior approach and patients require long follow-up to rule out a relapse despite a successful outcome in the short term. PMID:25579353

  2. Predictors of ADHD Persistence in Girls at 5-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mick, Eric; Byrne, Deirdre; Fried, Ronna; Monuteaux, Michael; Faraone, Stephen V.; Biederman, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The main aim of this study was to examine the age-dependent remission from ADHD in girls transitioning through childhood into adolescence and early adulthood. Method: We conducted a 5-year prospective follow-up study of 123 girls with ADHD and 106 non-ADHD control girls aged between 6 and 17 years at ascertainment. ADHD was considered…

  3. 4D DECONVOLUTION AND DEMIXING FOR SUPERNOVA FOLLOW-UP LPNHE place Jussieu

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    4D DECONVOLUTION AND DEMIXING FOR SUPERNOVA FOLLOW-UP S. Bongard LPNHE ­ place Jussieu 75252 Paris by observing a super- nova and its host galaxy at different epochs. In order to obtain supernova spectra on realistic simulated data. Index Terms-- supernova survey; inverse problem; demixing; deconvolution. 1

  4. What Happens When They Graduate? Follow-Up Survey of a Senior Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkinson, Charlotte M.

    1991-01-01

    Describes a follow-up survey of high school graduates. Focuses on funding, research proposal, survey form, and procedures. Results presented indicated most students evaluated the counseling services as excellent or adequate. Counseling services suggested by the graduates are discussed. (ABL)

  5. Assessing Student Outcomes via Follow-Up Survey: Training Effectiveness of Vancouver Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yao, Min

    As a means of obtaining information on educational outcomes and quality, Vancouver Community College (VCC) conducts annual follow-up surveys of former students, using one instrument for program completers and another for discontinuants (dropouts). For the 1990-91 survey, 3,685 graduates were surveyed 9 months after program completion, and 1,007…

  6. 1991 Graduate Follow-Up Outcomes Report: Occupational Programs. Vancouver Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yao, Min

    In 1991, a follow-up survey was conducted in British Columbia of students who graduated from Vancouver Community College's (VCC's) occupational programs between July 1989 and June 1990. A total of 3,751 occupational graduates were surveyed regarding their educational goals, main activity at the time of the survey, desired employment location,…

  7. A Follow-Up Study of LaGuardia Community College's 1973-1977 Graduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weintraub, Jeffrey I.

    A follow-up study of the graduates of LaGuardia Community College (LCC) classes of 1973 through 1977 was conducted to analyze the salary levels, rates of salary gain over time, employment levels, promotional opportunities, job stability, career paths, and additional education attained by LCC graduates who entered the labor market, continued their…

  8. Follow-Up Study of 1988 Nursing Graduates. Volume XVIII, No. 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dincher, J.; Meltesen, Cal

    In 1989, a follow-up study of nursing program graduates was conducted at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) to examine their employment patterns, further education plans, and evaluate particular aspects of their WRHC experience. Questionnaires were mailed to 105 nursing students who graduated in 1988. Results were compared with previous surveys…

  9. Follow-Up Study of 1990 Nursing Graduates. Volume XX, No. 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, J.; Meltesen, C.

    In 1990, a follow-up study of nursing program graduates was conducted at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) in Palatine, Illinois, to examine their employment patterns, further education plans, and evaluate particular aspects of their WRHC experience. All 98 nursing students who earned 48 credit hours in 1990 were mailed questionnaires 1 year…

  10. Nursing Education Follow-Up Study--1982 R.N.'s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, David C.

    In 1982, a follow-up study of nursing graduates of the Bakersfield College Registered Nursing (RN) program was conducted to obtain information that would lead to improvement in program quality and to a better match between supply and demand in the local nursing labor market. In addition, the study compared results with similar studies conducted…

  11. 1985-86 JCCC Career Program Completers: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson County Community Coll., Overland Park, KS. Office of Institutional Research.

    In April 1989, a 3-year follow-up study was conducted of students who completed a career program at Johnson County Community College (JCCC),in Kansas, during the 1985-86 academic year to obtain information on their career and educational experiences over an extended period of time. The 385 former students surveyed included career program…

  12. Children of Mothers at Psychosocial Risk Growing Up: A Follow up at the Age of 16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wadsby, Marie; Svedin, Carl Goran; Sydsjo, Gunilla

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to make a 16-year follow-up of children of psychosocial risk mothers as concerns emotional/behavioural problems, self-esteem, life events, and academic grades. Forty-three teenagers (index group) and 61 reference teenagers were personally interviewed and asked to answer the Youth Self-report (YSR), the Self-image…

  13. Follow-Up Survey of Students Withdrawing from Cerritos College During the Fall Semester, 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaumburg, Gary F.

    In an attempt to better understand students' reasons for withdrawing from Cerritos College, a follow-up postage-paid postcard questionnaire was sent to a sample of 1,027 students who had withdrawn between the first and tenth week of the Fall semester of 1972. Of the questionnaires, 34.3% were completed and returned. Analyses of the responses…

  14. Methods used for successful follow-up in a large scale national cohort study in Thailand

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Ensuring successful follow-up is essential when conducting a prospective cohort study. Most existing literature reviewing methods to ensure a high response rate is based on experience in developed nations. Findings We report our 4-year follow-up success for a national cohort study examining the health transition underway in Thailand. We began the cohort study in 2005 with a baseline postal questionnaire sent to all 200,000 Thais enrolled as distance learning students at Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University and residing all over Thailand; 87,134 or 44% of the students responded. Subsequently we used University and national media to inform cohort members of study progress. Also, we prepared a health book with study results and health advice which was distributed to all cohort members. After 4 years we repeated the survey and achieved a 71% response rate. In this paper we report the methods used to achieve this response The initial follow-up mail-out generated a response rate of about 48% reflecting the extensive preparatory work between baseline and follow-up. After 4 rounds of telephone contact (more than 100,000 phone calls) and 4 related mail-out rounds progressively over 16 months an overall response rate was achieved of just over 71% (n = 60,774). The total cost was US$4.06/respondent - 19% for printing, 21% for postage, 14% for tape measures (included in mail-out), 18% for data processing 22% for prizes and 6% for telephone. Conclusions Many of the methods reported as effective for mail questionnaire and cohort response rates held true for Thailand. These included being associated with a university, incentivating cooperation, follow-up contact, providing a second copy of questionnaire where necessary, and assurance of confidentiality. Telephone contact with the cohort and the small prizes given to responders were particularly important in the Thai context as was Thai leadership of the research team. PMID:21615963

  15. KLENOT Project 2002-2008 contribution to NEO astrometric follow-up

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ticha, J.; Tichy, M.; Kocer, M.; Honkova, M.

    2009-01-01

    Near-Earth object (NEO) research plays an increasingly important role not only in solar system science but also in protecting our planetary environment as well as human society from the asteroid and comet hazard. Consequently, interest in detecting, tracking, cataloguing, and the physical characterizing of these bodies has steadily grown. The discovery rate of current NEO surveys reflects progressive improvement in a number of technical areas. An integral part of NEO discovery is astrometric follow-up crucial for precise orbit computation and for the reasonable judging of future close encounters with the Earth, including possible impact solutions. The KLENOT Project of the Klet Observatory (South Bohemia, Czech Republic) is aimed especially at the confirmation, early follow-up, long-arc follow-up, and recovery of near-Earth objects. It ranks among the world’s most prolific professional NEO follow-up programs. The 1.06 m KLENOT telescope, put into regular operation in 2002, is the largest telescope in Europe used exclusively for observations of minor planets and comets, and full observing time is dedicated to the KLENOT team. In this paper, we present the equipment, technology, software, observing strategy, and results of the KLENOT Project obtained during its first phase from March 2002 to September 2008. The results consist of thousands of precise astrometric measurements of NEOs and also three newly discovered near-Earth asteroids. Finally, we also discuss future plans reflecting also the role of astrometric follow-up in connection with the modus operandi of the next generation surveys.

  16. Transobturator tape for female stress incontinence: follow-up after 24 months

    PubMed Central

    Taweel, Waleed Al; Rabah, Danny M.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of transobturator vaginal tape (TOT) in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to analyze functional results and quality of life after 24 months follow-up. Methods: The study included all women with SUI who underwent a TOT procedure in which the sling passes from the obturator foramen from the outside to the inside, under general or regional anesthesia from December 2004 to January 2006. All study patients must have had a minimal follow-up of 24 months. The patients were prospectively evaluated, and the following factors were assessed: number of pads used per day, physical examination including pelvic examination, urinalysis, urogenital distress inventory (UDI-6), analog global satisfaction scale (GSS), pad weight test, and urodynamic studies including filling cystometry and Valsalva leak point pressure (VLPP) test. Results: Fifty-two consecutive patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria underwent TOT procedure by 1 surgeon. The mean age was 50 ±9 (range 37–72) and minimal follow-up was 24 months (range 24–30 months). Two patients were lost to follow-up after 12 months and 3 patients did not come for the 24-month evaluation. The mean operative time was 18 minutes ±4 (range 15–31), with an average amount of bleeding 57 cc ±22cc. Our results demonstrate a 92% cure or improvement rate after 12 months, and an 85% after 24 months. Conclusion: The transobturator approach from outside to inside is a very effective treatment of SUI with low morbidity. However, longer follow-up in larger populations should assess the long-term reliability of this procedure. PMID:20165575

  17. High School and Beyond 1980 Senior Cohort Third Follow-Up (1986) Data File [machine-readable data file].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Education Statistics (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.

    The High School and Beyond Senior Cohort Third Follow-Up Data File is provided. The data tape contains the following files: (1) the raw data file for each respondent (randomized identification number; first follow-up flags and composites; base year questionnaire and test data; first follow-up questionnaire data; dropout questionnaire data;…

  18. High School and Beyond. 1980 Senior Cohort. Second Follow-Up (1984). [machine-readable data file].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Education Statistics (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.

    The High School and Beyond Senior Cohort Second Follow-Up (SCSF) data file (1984) is presented. The file consists of 11,995 records. The SCSF data tape contains five related files: (1) the raw data file (including the randomized identification number; first follow-up flags and composites; base-year questionnaire data; first follow-up questionnaire…

  19. 75 FR 54965 - Proposed Information Collection (Follow-Up Study of a National Cohort of Gulf War and Gulf Era...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-09

    ...AFFAIRS [OMB Control No. 2900-New...Collection (Follow-Up Study of...Management System (FDMS...Titles: Follow-Up Study of...10-0488a. OMB Control Number: OMB Control No. 2900-New...unexplained multi-system illnesses...Burden a. Follow-Up Study...

  20. 75 FR 54445 - Proposed Information Collection (Follow-Up Study of a National Cohort of Gulf War and Gulf Era...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ...AFFAIRS [OMB Control No. 2900-New...Collection (Follow-Up Study of...Management System (FDMS...Titles: Follow-Up Study of...10-0488a. OMB Control Number: OMB Control No. 2900-New...unexplained multi-system illnesses...Burden: a. Follow-Up Study...

  1. High School and Beyond. 1980 Sophomore Cohort. Second Follow-Up (1984). [machine-readable data file].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Education Statistics (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.

    The High School and Beyond 1980 Sophomore Cohort Second Follow-Up (1984) data file is provided. The data file consists of 14,825 records contains the following files: (1) the raw data file (including the randomized identification number; first follow-up flags and composites; base-year questionnaire data; first follow-up questionnaire data; dropout…

  2. NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CODING: FOLLOW UP QUESTIONNAIRE (UA-D-11.0)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this SOP is to define the coding strategy for the Follow Up Questionnaire. This questionnaire was developed for use in the Arizona NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Household and individual follow-up data were combined in a single Follow-up Questionnaire data...

  3. Percutaneous interspinous distraction device for the treatment of lumbar spinal canal stenosis: Clinical and radiographic results at 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Chaichankul, Chaiyos; Limthongkul, Worawat

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of the In- space (Synthes, Umkirch, Germany) and the correlation between radiographic parameters and clinical outcome in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSS). Methods Between June 2009 and May 2013, 56 patients with LSS underwent In-space by one senior surgeon. All of the patients were evaluated both clinically and radiographic measurements before the procedure and each visit at the postoperative follow-up. Preoperative and postoperative X-ray imaging was performed before the procedure and at follow-up to assess the correlation with the clinical outcome. Radiological measurements and clinical outcomes were recorded to establish a relationship between the radiographic parameters and clinical outcome of this procedure. All patients had at least 2 years of follow-up. Results The mean VAS score of back pain decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Conclusions Our data suggest that percutaneous interspinous devices are a good alternative to treat LSS. The device offers significant decrease in back pain, leg pain and ODI score with 2-year lasting relief from symptoms. The increased intervertebral foramenal space explains the improvement of leg pain, but the mechanism of back pain relief remains unclear. A very weak correlation between the radiographic changes and improvement of pain was found. PMID:25694917

  4. Underuse of long-term routine hospital follow-up care in patients with a history of breast cancer?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wenli Lu; Liesbeth Jansen; Michael Schaapveld; Peter C Baas; Theo Wiggers; Geertruida H De Bock

    2011-01-01

    Background  After primary treatment for breast cancer, patients are recommended to use hospital follow-up care routinely. Long-term data\\u000a on the utilization of this follow-up care are relatively rare.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Information regarding the utilization of routine hospital follow-up care was retrieved from hospital documents of 662 patients\\u000a treated for breast cancer. Utilization of hospital follow-up care was defined as the use of follow-up

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - Vaughn_Follow-UpCareintheAdultSurvivorSetting_color.ppt [Compatibility Mode

    Cancer.gov

    LAF LWAC TC Team Oncology Research Coordinator Primary C Counselin g Nutrition C are Psychiatry Rehab g TC Psychiatry Cancer Med Survivor Cancer Genetics Pigmented Lesion Clinic Endocrine Cardiology Clinic Urology What Happens at a Visit?

  6. Adolescent Diet and Subsequent Serum Hormones, Breast Density and Bone Mineral Density in Young Women: Results of the Dietary Intervention Study in Children (DISC) Follow-Up Study

    PubMed Central

    Dorgan, Joanne F.; Liu, Lea; Klifa, Catherine; Hylton, Nola; Shepherd, John A.; Stanczyk, Frank Z.; Snetselaar, Linda G.; Van Horn, Linda; Stevens, Victor J.; Robson, Alan; Kwiterovich, Peter O.; Lasser, Norman L.; Himes, John H.; Gabriel, Kelley Pettee; Kriska, Andrea; Ruder, Elizabeth H.; Fang, Carolyn Y.; Barton, Bruce A.

    2010-01-01

    Background Adolescent diet is hypothesized to influence breast cancer risk. We evaluated the long-term effects of an intervention to lower fat intake among adolescent girls on biomarkers that are related to breast cancer risk in adults. Methods A follow-up study was conducted of 230 girls who participated in the Dietary Intervention Study in Children (DISC), in which healthy, prepubertal 8-10 year olds were randomly assigned to usual care or to a behavioral intervention that promoted a reduced fat diet. Participants were 25-29 years old at follow-up visits. All tests of statistical significance are two-sided. Results In analyses that did not take account of diet at the time of the follow-up visit, the only statistically significant treatment group difference was higher bone mineral content (BMC) in intervention group participants compared to usual care group participants; their mean BMCs were 2,444g and 2,377g, respectively. After adjustment for current diet, the intervention group also had statistically significantly higher bone mineral density and luteal phase serum estradiol concentrations. Serum progesterone concentrations and breast density did not differ by treatment group in unadjusted or adjusted analyses. Conclusion Results do not support the hypothesis that consumption of a lower fat diet during adolescence reduces breast cancer risk via effects on subsequent serum estradiol and progesterone levels, breast density or BMD. Impact Additional research is needed to clarify the association of adolescent diet with breast cancer risk and to determine if the results reported here are specific to the DISC intervention or more broadly applicable. PMID:20501774

  7. Long-term follow-up of children conceived through assisted reproductive technology*

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Yue-hong; Wang, Ning; Jin, Fan

    2013-01-01

    Children conceived via assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are nowadays a substantial proportion of the population. It is important to follow up these children and evaluate whether they have elevated health risks compared to naturally conceived (NC) children. In recent years there has been a lot of work in this field. This review will summarize what is known about the health of ART-conceived children, encompassing neonatal outcomes, birth defects, growth and gonadal developments, physical health, neurological and neurodevelopmental outcomes, psychosocial developments, risk for cancer, and epigenetic abnormalities. Most of the children conceived after ART are normal. However, there is increasing evidence that ART-conceived children are at higher risk of poor perinatal outcome, birth defects, and epigenetic disorders, and the mechanism(s) leading to these changes have not been elucidated. Continuous follow-up of children after ART is of great importance as they progress through adolescence into adulthood, and new ART techniques are constantly being introduced. PMID:23645173

  8. Replication of genetic linkage by follow-up of previously studied pedigrees

    SciTech Connect

    Gershon, E.S.; Goldin, L.R. (National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD (United States))

    1994-04-01

    Independent replication of linkage in previously studied pedigrees is desirable when genetic heterogeneity is suspected or when the illness is very rare. When the likelihood of the new data in this type of replication study is computed as conditional on the previously reported linkage results, it can be considered independent. The authors describe a simulation method using the SLINK program in which the initial data are fixed and newly genotyped individuals are simulated under [theta] = .01 and [theta] = .50. These give appropriate lod score criteria for rejection and acceptance of linkage in the follow-up study, which take into account the original marker genotypes in the data. An estimate of the power to detect linkage in the follow-up data is also generated. 13 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  9. Mortality of aircraft maintenance workers exposed to trichloroethylene and other hydrocarbons and chemicals: extended follow up

    PubMed Central

    Radican, Larry; Blair, Aaron; Stewart, Patricia; Wartenberg, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Objective To extend follow-up of 14,455 workers from 1990 to 2000, and evaluate mortality risk from exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE) and other chemicals. Methods Multivariable Cox models were used to estimate relative risk for exposed vs. unexposed workers based on previously developed exposure surrogates. Results Among TCE exposed workers, there was no statistically significant increased risk of all-cause mortality (RR=1.04) or death from all cancers (RR=1.03). Exposure-response gradients for TCE were relatively flat and did not materially change since 1990. Statistically significant excesses were found for several chemical exposure subgroups and causes, and were generally consistent with the previous follow up. Conclusions Patterns of mortality have not changed substantially since 1990. While positive associations with several cancers were observed, and are consistent with the published literature, interpretation is limited due to the small numbers of events for specific exposures. PMID:19001957

  10. Diastematomyelia: a surgical case with long-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    Bekki, Hirofumi; Morishita, Yuichiro; Kawano, Osamu; Shiba, Keiichiro; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2015-02-01

    Few reports have described the involvement of syringomyelia associated with diastematomyelia in the etiology of neurological deficits. We reported a case with syringomyelia associated with diastematomyelia. A female patient with diastematomyelia was followed up clinically over 14 years. At the age of 8, she developed clubfoot deformity with neurological deterioration. Motor function of the right peroneus demonstrated grade 2 in manual muscle tests. Continuous intracanial bony septum and double cords with independent double dura were observed at upper thoracic spine. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tethering of the spinal cord and syringomyelia distal to the level of diastematomyelia. Extirpation of the osseum septum and duralplasty were performed surgically. She grew without neurological deterioration during 7 years postoperatively. A long-term followed up case with syringomyelia that was possibly secondary to the tethering of the spinal cord associated with diastematomyelia, and effective treatment with extirpation of the osseum septum and duralplasty was described. PMID:25705341

  11. Heart rate dynamics in temporal lobe epilepsy-A long-term follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Suorsa, Eija; Korpelainen, Juha T; Ansakorpi, Hanna; Huikuri, Heikki V; Suorsa, Ville; Myllylä, Vilho V; Isojärvi, Jouko I T

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate long-term changes in interictal heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). A 24-h ECG was recorded at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 6.1 years in 18 patients with refractory TLE and 18 patients with well-controlled TLE. After the follow-up, the Poincaré components SD(1) (p=0.039) and SD(2) (p=0.001) were decreased in patients with refractory TLE compared to baseline, whereas in patients with well-controlled TLE no changes (p>0.05) in HR variability were observed. The reduction in HRV seems to be progressive in patients with chronic refractory TLE with recurrent seizures. PMID:21093218

  12. Long-term follow-up of patients with adult-onset subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.

    PubMed

    Eroglu, Erdal; Gokcil, Zeki; Bek, Semai; Ulas, Umit H; Ozdag, Mehmet F; Odabasi, Zeki

    2008-12-15

    Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a rare infectious central nervous system disease with a poor prognosis. Nineteen patients, 18 males and one female, ranging in age from 18 to 22, mean 19.6+/-1.5 years with SSPE were evaluated. We treated 9 patients with oral isoprinosine and 10 patients with alpha-interferon plus oral isoprinosine and followed up for 16 to 160 months. Of the 9 patients treated with oral isoprinosine, 7 (77.7%) died, one stabilized, and one showed progression. Seven (70%) of 10 patients treated with alpha-interferon plus oral isoprinosine died, one showed progression, and stabilization was observed in two patients. Thus, we suggest that isoprinosine alone or in combination with intraventricular interferon did not change the prognosis in long-term follow-up periods. PMID:18783800

  13. Cytauxzoon sp. infection in two free ranging young cats: clinicopathological findings, therapy and follow up.

    PubMed

    Carli, Erika; Trotta, Michele; Bianchi, Eliana; Furlanello, Tommaso; Caldin, Marco; Pietrobelli, Mario; Solano-Gallego, Laia

    2014-01-01

    Two young brother male free-ranging domestic shorthair cats were evaluated for diarrhea. They presented with intraerythrocytic piroplasms on blood smear evaluation. Only the first cat was anemic (mild non-regenerative anemia). A partial segment of the 18S rRNA was amplified and sequenced, revealing a homology of 99% with Cytauxzoon sp. and of 93% with Cytauxzoon felis. The first cat was treated with doxycycline and imidocarb dipropionate and monitored by serial laboratory exams, resulting negative for Cytauxzoon sp. infection after the end of the therapy (follow-up period of 175 days). The second cat received the same therapy, but doxycycline was discontinued by the owner after 1 week. He was monitored for 130 days, remaining erythroparasitemic and asymptomatic. We described cases of Cytauxzoon sp. infection in domestic cats with detailed clinical data, description of two therapeutic protocols, and follow-up after treatment with opposite parasitological responses (parasitological cure versus persistence of infection). PMID:25308457

  14. Diastematomyelia: A Surgical Case with Long-Term Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Bekki, Hirofumi; Kawano, Osamu; Shiba, Keiichiro; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2015-01-01

    Few reports have described the involvement of syringomyelia associated with diastematomyelia in the etiology of neurological deficits. We reported a case with syringomyelia associated with diastematomyelia. A female patient with diastematomyelia was followed up clinically over 14 years. At the age of 8, she developed clubfoot deformity with neurological deterioration. Motor function of the right peroneus demonstrated grade 2 in manual muscle tests. Continuous intracanial bony septum and double cords with independent double dura were observed at upper thoracic spine. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tethering of the spinal cord and syringomyelia distal to the level of diastematomyelia. Extirpation of the osseum septum and duralplasty were performed surgically. She grew without neurological deterioration during 7 years postoperatively. A long-term followed up case with syringomyelia that was possibly secondary to the tethering of the spinal cord associated with diastematomyelia, and effective treatment with extirpation of the osseum septum and duralplasty was described. PMID:25705341

  15. Minor head injury: impact on general health after 1 year. A prospective follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Middleboe, T; Andersen, H S; Birket-Smith, M; Friis, M L

    1992-01-01

    A prospective follow-up study of 51 patients hospitalized due to minor head injury (MHI) was performed. After one year 28 patients answered the General Health Questionnaire, the Impact of Event Scale and a symptom checklist. A significant impact on general wellbeing attributed to head injury, was indicated. Half of the patients reported some sequelae from head injury, only 25% to a degree that resulted in a case score on General Health Questionnaire. Incidence of prominent post-traumatic stress symptoms was around 20%. Outcome seemed without correlation to trauma severity. Patients with sequelae after one year reported more symptoms at one week after trauma, and the results point to the magnitude of the health problems due to sequelae throughout follow-up. Aspects of prevention and treatment are discussed. PMID:1546534

  16. Psychological Factors Predict Eating Disorder Onset and Maintenance at 10-year Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Holland, Lauren A.; Bodell, Lindsay P.; Keel, Pamela K.

    2014-01-01

    The present study sought to identify psychological factors that predict onset and maintenance of eating disorders. Secondary analyses were conducted using data from an epidemiological study of health and eating behaviors in men and women (N=1320; 72% female) to examine the prospective and independent influence of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) Perfectionism, Interpersonal Distrust, and Maturity Fears subscales in predicting the onset and maintenance of eating disorders at 10-year follow-up. Multivariate models indicated higher Perfectionism (p=.025), lower Interpersonal Distrust (p<.001), and higher Maturity Fears (p=.037) predicted increased risk for eating disorder onset at 10-year follow-up, but only Perfectionism (p=.004) predicted eating disorder maintenance. Differential prediction of eating disorder onset versus maintenance highlights potentially different psychological foci for prevention versus treatment efforts. PMID:23847146

  17. Successful treatment and follow-up of a case of recurrent pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferation.

    PubMed

    Lei, Jun H; Yang, Lu; Liu, Liang R; Wei, Qiang

    2015-03-01

    This report describes a case of recurrent pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferation (PMP) of the bladder with a satisfactory clinical course after a 3.5-year follow-up. There is a lack of reports of successful treatment experiences on recurrent PMP of the bladder in adults. For the primary lesion, a transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TUR-BT) was performed; for the recurrent lesion, a combination regime of TUR-BT and intravesical mitomycin C proved effective treatment. The patient did not suffer local recurrence or distal metastasis during the 3.5-year follow-up. Our experience may serve as treatment reference to urologists who encounter similar cases. Saudi Med J 2015; Vol. 36 (3): 363-365doi: 10.15537/smj.2015.3.10149   PMID:25737182

  18. An investigation of online environments supporting follow-up to professional development for Texas school librarians

    E-print Network

    Green, Mary Elizabeth

    2006-04-12

    -up and Noncollaborative/No Follow-up environments. No difference was found in completion rates between the other two environments. Credential proved to effect T A K S S u p p o r t P l a n c o m p l e t i o n . M a s t e r ? s d e g r e e h o l ders... in the Noncollaborative Follow-u p e n v i r o n m e n t a n d m a s t e r ? s a n d b a c h e l o r ? s d e g r e e h o l d e r s i n t h e Noncollaborative/No Follow-up environment were less likely to complete than these levels in the Collaborative...

  19. Environmental agreements, EIA follow-up and aboriginal participation in environmental management: The Canadian experience

    SciTech Connect

    O'Faircheallaigh, Ciaran [Department of Politics and Public Policy, Griffith Business School, Griffith University, Brisbane, Nathan, Queensland 4111 (Australia)]. E-mail: Ciaran.Ofaircheallaigh@griffith.edu.au

    2007-05-15

    During the last decade a number of environmental agreements (EAs) have been negotiated in Canada involving industry, government and Aboriginal peoples. This article draws on the Canadian experience to consider the potential of such negotiated agreements to address two issues widely recognised in academic and policy debates on environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management. The first relates to the need to secure indigenous participation in environmental management of major projects that affect indigenous peoples. The second and broader issue involves the necessity for specific initiatives to ensure effective follow-up of EIA. The Canadian experience indicates that negotiated environmental agreements have considerable potential to address both issues. However, if this potential is to be realized, greater effort must be made to develop structures and processes specifically designed to encourage Aboriginal participation; and EAs must themselves provide the financial and other resource required to support EIA follow-up and Aboriginal participation.

  20. Intelligent Data Analysis: the Best Approach for Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) Follow Up Management

    PubMed Central

    Mohammadzadeh, Niloofar; Safdari, Reza; Baraani, Alireza; Mohammadzadeh, Farshid

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Intelligent data analysis has ability to prepare and present complex relations between symptoms and diseases, medical and treatment consequences and definitely has significant role in improving follow-up management of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients, increasing speed ??and accuracy in diagnosis and treatments; reducing costs, designing and implementation of clinical guidelines. The aim: The aim of this article is to describe intelligent data analysis methods in order to improve patient monitoring in follow and treatment of chronic heart failure patients as the best approach for CHF follow up management. Methods: Minimum data set (MDS) requirements for monitoring and follow up of CHF patient designed in checklist with six main parts. All CHF patients that discharged in 2013 from Tehran heart center have been selected. The MDS for monitoring CHF patient status were collected during 5 months in three different times of follow up. Gathered data was imported in RAPIDMINER 5 software. Results: Modeling was based on decision trees methods such as C4.5, CHAID, ID3 and k-Nearest Neighbors algorithm (K-NN) with k=1. Final analysis was based on voting method. Decision trees and K-NN evaluate according to Cross-Validation. Conclusion: Creating and using standard terminologies and databases consistent with these terminologies help to meet the challenges related to data collection from various places and data application in intelligent data analysis. It should be noted that intelligent analysis of health data and intelligent system can never replace cardiologists. It can only act as a helpful tool for the cardiologist’s decisions making. PMID:25395730