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1

Fourth Generation Majorana Neutrinos  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the possibility of a fourth sequential generation in the lepton sector. Assuming neutrinos to be Majorana particles and starting from a recent - albeit weak - evidence for a non-zero admixture of a fourth generation neutrino from fits to weak lepton and meson decays we discuss constraints from neutrinoless double beta decay, radiative lepton decay and like-sign dilepton

Alexander Lenz; Heinrich Päs; Dario Schalla

2011-01-01

2

Constraints on fourth generation Majorana neutrinos  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the possibility of a fourth sequential generation in the lepton sector. Assuming neutrinos to be Majorana particles and starting from a recent - albeit weak - evidence for a non-zero admixture of a fourth generation neutrino from fits to weak lepton and meson decays we discuss constraints from neutrinoless double beta decay, radiative lepton decay and like-sign di-lepton

Alexander Lenz; Heinrich Päs; Dario Schalla

2010-01-01

3

Phenomenology of FourthPhenomenology of Fourth Generation NeutrinosGeneration Neutrinos  

E-print Network

LEP Z pole measurements Direct search boundsDirect search bounds S and T EW precision measurements constrainS and T EW precision measurements constrain fourth generation massfourth generation massVGeV mdmd>268>268 GeVGeV LEP neutrinos 101, 102, 90LEP neutrinos 101, 102, 90 GeVGeV in e mu tau channel

California at Santa Cruz, University of

4

"Silver" mode for heavy Higgs search in the presence of a fourth SM family  

E-print Network

We investigate the possible enhancement to the discovery of the heavy Higgs boson through the possible fourth SM family heavy neutrino. Using the channel h-> v4 v4->mu W mu W-> mu j j mu j j, it is found that for certain ranges of Higgs boson and v4 masses LHC could discover both of them simultaneously with 1 fb^-1 integrated luminosity.

S. Sultansoy; G. Unel

2007-07-22

5

Fourth International Conference on Families with Parental Mental Health Challenges  

E-print Network

Fourth International Conference on Families with Parental Mental Health Challenges Sponsored by Conference Information Online: interprofessional.ubc.ca/MentalHealth2014 Addressing the Needs of the Whole Education #12;Fourth International Conference on Families with Parental Mental Health Challenges 2 G E N E R

Michelson, David G.

6

A proposed search for a fourth neutrino with a PBq antineutrino source  

E-print Network

Several observed anomalies in neutrino oscillation data can be explained by a hypothetical fourth neutrino separated from the three standard neutrinos by a squared mass difference of a few eV^2. We show that this hypothesis can be tested with a PBq (ten kilocurie scale) 144Ce or 106Ru antineutrino beta-source deployed at the center of a large low background liquid scintillator detector. In particular, the compact size of such a source could yield an energy-dependent oscillating pattern in event spatial distribution that would unabiguously determine neutrino mass differences and mixing angles.

Michel Cribier; Maximilien Fechner; Thierry Lasserre; Alain Letourneau; David Lhuillier; Guillaume Mention; Davide Franco; Vasily Kornoukhov; Stefan Schoenert

2011-07-12

7

Cosmic ray electron and positron excesses from a fourth generation heavy Majorana neutrino  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unexpected features in the energy spectra of cosmic rays electrons and positrons have been recently observed by PAMELA and Fermi-LAT satellite experiments, opening to the exciting possibility of an indirect manifestation of new physics. A TeV-scale fourth lepton family is a natural extension of the Standard Model leptonic sector (also linked to the hierarchy problem in Minimal Walking Technicolor models). The heavy Majorana neutrino of this setup mixes with Standard Model charged leptons through a weak charged current interaction. Here, we first study analytically the energy spectrum of the electrons and positrons originated in the heavy Majorana neutrino decay modes, also including polarization effects. We then compare the prediction of this model with the experimental data, exploiting both the standard direct method and our recently proposed Sum Rules method. We find that the decay modes involving the tau and/or the muon charged leptons as primary decay products fit well the PAMELA and Fermi-LAT lepton excesses while there is tension with respect to the antiproton to proton fraction constrained by PAMELA.

Masina, Isabella; Sannino, Francesco

2011-08-01

8

Constraints on the mixing of a fourth family of quarks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper studies the constraints on the mixing of a possible fourth family of quarks. A mixing-angle convention is introduced in which sij?sin?ij represents to a good approximation the ij element of the quark mixing matrix (i~10-2, for which the contribution of the fourth family to the KL-KS mass difference is negligible yet may lead to dominant effects in the K0-K¯ 0 CP-impurity parameter ?. This may be realized in a scheme in which the four quark generations are mixed mostly in pairs. A possible signature of such a scheme may be an abundant rate of same-sign dileptons at ?(4S) if the fourth up-type quark is sufficiently heavy.

Gronau, Michael; Schechter, Joseph

1985-04-01

9

Beyond Truth and Beauty: A Fourth Family of Particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand why some physicist think a fourth family of quarks may exist, but that there are not many more than four, one must first understand what is currently explained and unexplained by the standard model of particle physics. The standard model is based on the assumption that ordinary matter is composed of two types of particles, quarks and leptons,

David B. Cline

1988-01-01

10

The discovery of the fourth family at the LHC: what if?  

E-print Network

The first evidence of new strong interactions may be a sufficiently massive fourth family observed at the LHC. The fourth family masses, of the leptons in particular, are constrained by the electroweak precision data, and this leads to signatures at the LHC that may imply early discovery. We study the implications of this discovery from a bottom-up perspective, where effective 4-fermion operators model the dominant effects of the new dynamics. We identify simple approximate symmetries of these operators that may be required for realistic masses of the third and fourth families. The large top mass for instance is related to the structure of these operators.

B. Holdom

2006-06-13

11

Family Influence: Key to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess social and familial environmental influences on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption of fourth- and fifth-graders living in a culturally diverse, urban setting. Design: In 2006, students from 9 fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms from a public school in the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Region were recruited as part of the…

Gross, Susan M.; Pollock, Elizabeth Davenport; Braun, Bonnie

2010-01-01

12

Family Outing Activities and Achievement among Fourth Graders in Compensatory Education Funded Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to identify the relationship between operationally-defined family outing activities and measures of achievement among fourth grade students from educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. The results, collected for four successive years from 1715 students in urban Los Angeles, indicated that: (1) participation in family activities…

Griswold, Philip A.

13

Developing Cross-Cultural Competence: A Guide for Working with Children and Their Families. Fourth Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the U.S. population grows more and more diverse, how can professionals who work with young children and families deliver the best services while honoring different customs, beliefs, and values? The answers are in the fourth edition of this bestselling textbook, fully revised to reflect nearly a decade of population changes and best practices in…

Lynch, Eleanor W., Ed.; Hanson, Marci J., Ed.

2011-01-01

14

Thinking beyond Measurement, Description and Judgment: Fourth Generation Evaluation in Family-Centered Pediatric Healthcare Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Although pediatric healthcare organizations have widely implemented the philosophy of family-centered care (FCC), evaluators and health professionals have not explored how to preserve the philosophy of FCC in evaluation processes. Purpose: To illustrate how fourth generation evaluation, in theory, could facilitate collaboration between…

Moreau, Katherine Ann; Clarkin, Chantalle Louise

2012-01-01

15

Correlates of Alcohol Use and Misuse in Fourth-Grade Children: Psychosocial, Peer, Parental, and Family Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine level of alcohol use\\/misuse and to examine correlates of these behaviors, 1,314 fourth-grade students were surveyed. The questionnaire included 55 items concerning tolerance of deviance, deviant self-image, self-efficacy, susceptibility to peer pressure, personal and peer approval of alcohol use, peer adjustment, parent nurturance and monitoring, family adjustment, parental permissiveness, peer use of alcohol, and exposure to alcohol. The

Carol J. Loveland-Cherry; Sharon Leech; Virginia B. Laetz; Ted E. Dielman

1996-01-01

16

Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy fourth quark family  

E-print Network

We present Higgs boson mass bounds in a lattice regularization allowing thus for non-perturbative investigations. In particular, we employ a lattice modified chiral invariant Higgs-Yukawa model using the overlap operator. We show results for the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy mass-degenerate quark doublet with masses ranging up to 700 GeV. We perform infinite volume extrapolations in most cases, and examine several values of the lattice cutoff. Furthermore, we argue that the lower Higgs boson mass bound is stable with respect to the addition of higher dimensional operators to the scalar field potential. Our results have severe consequences for the phenomenology of a fourth generation of quarks if a light Higgs boson is discovered at the LHC.

John Bulava; Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal; Attila Nagy

2013-01-16

17

Searches for Fourth Generation Fermions  

SciTech Connect

We present the results from searches for fourth generation fermions performed using data samples collected by the CDF II and D0 Detectors at the Fermilab Tevatron p{bar p} collider. Many of these results represent the most stringent 95% C. L. limits on masses of new fermions to-date. A fourth chiral generation of massive fermions with the same quantum numbers as the known fermions is one of the simplest extensions of the SM with three generations. The fourth generation is predicted in a number of theories, and although historically have been considered disfavored, stands in agreement with electroweak precision data. To avoid Z {yields} {nu}{bar {nu}} constraint from LEP I a fourth generation neutrino {nu}{sub 4} must be heavy: m({nu}{sub 4}) > m{sub Z}/2, where m{sub Z} is the mass of Z boson, and to avoid LEP II bounds a fourth generation charged lepton {ell}{sub 4} must have m({ell}{sub 4}) > 101 GeV/c{sup 2}. At the same time due to sizeable radiative corrections masses of fourth generation fermions cannot be much higher the current lower bounds and masses of new heavy quarks t' and b' should be in the range of a few hundred GeV/c{sup 2}. In the four-generation model the present bounds on the Higgs are relaxed: the Higgs mass could be as large as 1 TeV/c{sup 2}. Furthermore, the CP violation is significantly enhanced to the magnitude that might account for the baryon asymmetry in the Universe. Additional chiral fermion families can also be accommodated in supersymmetric two-Higgs-doublet extensions of the SM with equivalent effect on the precision fit to the Higgs mass. Another possibility is heavy exotic quarks with vector couplings to the W boson Contributions to radiative corrections from such quarks with mass M decouple as 1/M{sup 2} and easily evade all experimental constraints. At the Tevatron p{bar p} collider 4-th generation chiral or vector-like quarks can be either produced strongly in pairs or singly via electroweak production, where the latter can be enhanced for vector-like quarks. In the following we present searches for both pair and single production of heavy quarks performed by CDF and D0 Collaborations.

Ivanov, A.; /Fermilab

2011-09-01

18

Neutrino Astrophysics  

E-print Network

I review the current status of neutrino astrophysics, including solar neutrinos; atmospheric neutrinos; neutrino mass and oscillations; supernova neutrinos; neutrino nucleosynthesis (Big Bang nucleosynthesis, the neutrino process, the r-process); neutrino cooling and red giants; and high energy neutrino astronomy.

W. C. Haxton

2008-08-05

19

Indirect search for the fourth genration of quarks and leptons  

SciTech Connect

It is known that the Standard Model (SM) does not predict the number of fermion families; N. The only restriction comes from the asymptotic freedom of QCD which requires the number of quarks to be less than 17 and, therefore, the number of SM families to be N{<=}8. Before 1990A-circumflex Ss, many authors published articles related to the extra SM families and their phenomenological consequences. In early 1990A-circumflex Ss, the LEP data yields N is almost 3 where the neutral lepton mass for each family is less than half the mass of the Z boson. Generally, this result is interpreted as the exact value of N, since one assumes that the neutrinos must have very small masses. If we disregard this incorrect assumption, the LEP data does not exclude the existence of extra SM families with heavy neutrinos. Meanwhile, few papers arguing the existence of the fourth SM family have been publishing. These arguments are based on the A-circumflex Sflavor democracyA-circumflex S hypothesis. The study of FCNC in B decays can indirectly shed light on the SM4 family in quark sector and LFV is a good candidate to indirect search for 4th generation of leptons.

Bashiry, Vali [Engineering Faculty, Cyprus International University, Via Mersin 10 (Turkey)

2008-04-21

20

Recent Atmospheric Neutrino Results from Super-Kamiokande  

E-print Network

The Super-Kamiokande experiment has collected more than 11 live-years of atmospheric neutrino data. Atmospheric neutrinos cover a wide phase space in both energy and distance travelled, the parameters relevant for studying neutrino oscillations. We present here recent measurements of the three-flavor neutrino oscillation parameters using this atmospheric neutrino data, as well as new limits on mixing with a fourth sterile neutrino state.

Alexander Himmel; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

2013-10-24

21

Self-reports of differentiation of self and marital compatibility as related to family functioning in the third and fourth stages of the family life cycle.  

PubMed

Using Bowen's, Olson's, and general systems frameworks, this investigator tested relationships among individual, marital, and family functioning in the stressed childrearing stages of the family life cycle. Sixty volunteer married couples completed the Level of Differentiation of Self Scale (LDSS), Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test (MAT), and Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES) III. A significant canonical correlation was found among differentiation of self and marital compatibility as they both relate to family functioning. Subsequent canonical correlations were significant for wives but not for husbands, indicating gender differences in relationships among perceived individual, marital, and family phenomena. The concept of adaptability as proposed by Olson's Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Functioning was not supported. A revised model is proposed. PMID:2595147

Richards, E

1989-01-01

22

Fourth quantization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this Letter we will analyze the creation of the multiverse. We will first calculate the wave function for the multiverse using third quantization. Then we will fourth-quantize this theory. We will show that there is no single vacuum state for this theory. Thus, we can end up with a multiverse, even after starting from a vacuum state. This will be used as a possible explanation for the creation of the multiverse. We also analyze the effect of interactions in this fourth-quantized theory.

Faizal, Mir

2013-12-01

23

Fourth Generation Parity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a very simple fourth generation (4G) model with an Abelian gauge interaction under which only the 4G fermions have nonzero charge. The U(1) gauge symmetry can have a Z2 residual discrete symmetry (4G parity), which can stabilize the lightest 4G particle (L4P). When the 4G neutrino is the L4P, it would be a neutral and stable particle and the other 4G fermions would decay into the L4P, leaving the trace of missing energy plus the standard model fermions. Because of the new symmetry, the 4G particle creation and decay modes are different from those of the sequential 4G model, and the 4G particles can be appreciably lighter than typical experimental bounds.

Lee, Hye-Sung; Soni, Amarjit

2013-01-01

24

Fourth generation parity.  

PubMed

We present a very simple fourth generation (4G) model with an abelian gauge interaction under which only the 4G fermions have nonzero charge. The U(1) gauge symmetry can have a Z2 residual discrete symmetry (4G parity), which can stabilize the lightest 4G particle (L4P). When the 4G neutrino is the L4P, it would be a neutral and stable particle and the other 4G fermions would decay into the L4P, leaving the trace of missing energy plus the standard model fermions. Because of the new symmetry, the 4G particle creation and decay modes are different from those of the sequential 4G model, and the 4G particles can be appreciably lighter than typical experimental bounds. PMID:23383889

Lee, Hye-Sung; Soni, Amarjit

2013-01-11

25

Neutrino Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies of neutrino oscillations have established the existence of finite neutrino masses and mixing between generations of neutrinos. The combined results from studies of atmospheric neutrinos, solar neutrinos, reactor antineutrinos and neutrinos produced at accelerators paint an intriguing picture that clearly requires modification of the standard model of particle physics. These results also provide clear motivation for future neutrino oscillation experiments as well as searches for direct neutrino mass and nuclear double-beta decay. I will discuss the program of new neutrino oscillation experiments aimed at completing our knowledge of the neutrino mixing matrix.

McKeown, R. D. [W. K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)

2010-08-04

26

Cosmic Neutrinos  

SciTech Connect

I recall the place of neutrinos in the electroweak theory and summarize what we know about neutrino mass and flavor change. I next review the essential characteristics expected for relic neutrinos and survey what we can say about the neutrino contribution to the dark matter of the Universe. Then I discuss the standard-model interactions of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos, paying attention to the consequences of neutrino oscillations, and illustrate a few topics of interest to neutrino observatories. I conclude with short comments on the remote possibility of detecting relic neutrinos through annihilations of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos at the Z resonance.

Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab /CERN

2008-02-01

27

Lepton sector of a fourth generation  

SciTech Connect

In extensions of the standard model with a heavy fourth generation, one important question is what makes the fourth-generation lepton sector, particularly the neutrinos, so different from the lighter three generations. We study this question in the context of models of electroweak symmetry breaking in warped extra dimensions, where the flavor hierarchy is generated by choosing the localization of the zero-mode fermions in the extra dimension. In this setup the Higgs sector is localized near the infrared brane, whereas the Majorana mass term is localized at the ultraviolet brane. As a result, light neutrinos are almost entirely Majorana particles, whereas the fourth-generation neutrino is mostly a Dirac fermion. We show that it is possible to obtain heavy fourth-generation leptons in regions of parameter space where the light neutrino masses and mixings are compatible with observation. We study the impact of these bounds, as well as the ones from lepton flavor violation, on the phenomenology of these models.

Burdman, G. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Da Rold, L. [Centro Atomico Bariloche, Bariloche (Argentina); Matheus, R. D. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2010-09-01

28

Neutrino Oscillations with Reactor Neutrinos  

E-print Network

Prospect measurements of neutrino oscillations with reactor neutrinos are reviewed in this document. The following items are described: neutrinos oscillations status, reactor neutrino experimental strategy, impact of uncertainties on the neutrino oscillation sensitivity and, finally, the experiments in the field. This is the synthesis of the talk delivered during the NOW2006 conference at Otranto (Italy) during September 2006.

Anatael Cabrera

2007-01-11

29

Neutrino physics  

E-print Network

In the present lectures the following topics are considered: general properties of neutrinos, neutrino mass phenomenology (Dirac and Majorana masses), neutrino masses in the simplest extensions of the standard model (including the seesaw mechanism), neutrino oscillations in vacuum, neutrino oscillations in matter (the MSW effect) in 2- and 3-flavour schemes, implications of CP, T and CPT symmetries for neutrino oscillations, double beta decay, solar neutrino oscillations and the solar neutrino problem, and atmospheric neutrinos. We also give a short overview of the results of the accelerator and reactor neutrino experiments and of future projects. Finally, we discuss how the available experimental data on neutrino masses and lepton mixing can be summarized in the phenomenologically allowed forms of the neutrino mass matrix.

E. Kh. Akhmedov

2000-01-25

30

Analytical calculations of four-neutrino oscillations in matter  

E-print Network

We analytically derive transition probabilities for four-neutrino oscillations in matter. The time evolution operator giving the neutrino oscillations is expressed by the finite sum of terms up to the third power of the Hamiltonian in a matrix form, using the Cayley-Hamilton theorem. The result of computation for the probabilities in some mass patterns tells us that it is realistically difficult to observe the resonance between one of three active neutrinos and the fourth (sterile) neutrino near the earth, even if the fourth neutrino exists.

Kamo, Y; Higasida, Y; Kubota, S I; Tokuo, S; Ichihara, J I; Kamo, Yuki; Yajima, Satoshi; Higasida, Yoji; Kubota, Shin-Ichiro; Tokuo, Shoshi; Ichihara, Jun-Ichi

2003-01-01

31

Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos  

E-print Network

Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos A Dissertation Presented of the Dissertation Tau Neutrino Appearance via Neutrino Oscillations in Atmospheric Neutrinos by Tokufumi Kato Doctor of Philosophy in Physics Stony Brook University 2007 A search for the appearance of tau neutrinos from µ

Tokyo, University of

32

Analysis of the CDHSW Neutrino Oscillation Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analysis of the world's neutrino oscillation data in terms of a phenomenology that employs the three known neutrinos allows extraction of the five parameters that determine the model, three mixing angles and two mass-squared differences. However, two existing experiments, LSND and MiniBooNE do not fit within this model. These experiments lead to the suggestion that the addition of a fourth neutrino, called a sterile neutrino, might accommodate them. Two publications which use various approximations say that this suggestion does not work. The group with which I worked will do a full four neutrino analysis to further investigate this hypothesis. An additional experiment, CERN Dortmund Heidelberg Saclay Warsaw (CDHSW) will impact this investigation in the region of a larger mass-squared difference, the region where a fourth neutrino is expected to lie. I constructed a computational tool that analyzes the CDHSW experiment by calculating the probability for mu neutrinos to not oscillate in the CDHSW experiment. It was calibrated to reproduce the two-neutrino results given by the experimentalists and then will be generalized to four neutrinos. It will be used in the larger analysis which will include all of the world's data.

Mandalou, Jocelyn; Ernst, David

2010-10-01

33

Neutrino Factories  

SciTech Connect

Over the last decade there has been significant progress in developing the concepts and technologies needed to produce, capture and accelerate O(10{sup 21}) muons/year. This prepares the way for a Neutrino Factory (NF) in which high energy muons decay within the straight sections of a storage ring to produce a beam of neutrinos and anti-neutrinos. The NF concept was proposed in 1997 at a time when the discovery that the three known types of neutrino ({nu}{sub e}, {nu}{sub {mu}}, {nu}{sub {tau}}) can change their flavor as they propagate through space (neutrino oscillations) was providing a first glimpse of physics beyond the Standard Model. This development prepares the way for a new type of neutrino source: a Neutrino Factory. This article reviews the motivation, design and R&D for a Neutrino Factory.

Geer, Steve; /Fermilab

2010-01-01

34

Neutrino Interactions  

E-print Network

This manuscript summarizes a series of three lectures on interactions of neutrinos . The lectures begin with a pedagogical foundation and then explore topics of interest to current and future neutrino oscillation and cross-section experiments.

Kevin McFarland

2008-04-24

35

Neutrino Experiments  

E-print Network

This article is a summary of four introductory lectures on ``Neutrino Experiments,'' given at the 2006 TASI summer school. The purposes were to sketch out the present questions in neutrino physics and to discuss the experimental challenges in addressing them. This article concentrates on specific, illustrative examples rather than providing a complete overview of the field of neutrino physics. These lectures were meant to lay the ground-work for the talks which followed on specific, selected topics in neutrino physics.

J. M. Conrad

2007-08-17

36

Neutrino Physics  

E-print Network

These lectures aim at providing a pedagogical overview of neutrino physics. We will mostly deal with standard neutrinos, the ones that are part of the Standard Model of particle physics, and with their standard dynamics, which is enough to understand in a coherent picture most of the rich data available. After introducing the basic theoretical framework, we will illustrate the experimental determination of the neutrino parameters and their theoretical implications, in particular for the origin of neutrino masses.

Andrea Romanino

2012-01-30

37

Neutrino Lensing  

E-print Network

Due to the intrinsic properties of neutrinos, the gravitational lens effect for neutrino should be more colorful and meaningful than the normal lens effect of photon. Other than the oscillation experiments operated at terrestrial laboratory, in principle, we can propose a completely new astrophysical method to determine not only the nature of gravity and spacetime of lens objects but also the mixing parameters of neutrinos by analyzing neutrino trajectories near the central objects. However, compared with the contemporaneous telescopes through the observation of the electromagnetic radiation, the angular, energy and time resolution of the neutrino telescopes are still comparatively poor, we just concentrate on the two classical tests of general relativity, i.e. the angular deflection and time delay of neutrino by a lens object as a preparative work in this paper. In addition, some simple properties of neutrino lensing are investigated.

Luo Xin-Lian

2009-09-28

38

Family Child Care Calendar-Keeper[TM] 2001: A Record Keeping System Including Nutrition Information for Child Care Providers. Twenty-Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that accurate recordkeeping for tax purposes is extremely important for family child care providers, this calendar provides a format for recording typical family child care expenses and other information. Included are the following: (1) monthly expense charts with categories matching Schedule C; (2) attendance and payment log; (3) payment…

Beuch, Beth, Ed.; Beuch, Ethel, Ed.; Schloff, Pam, Ed.

39

Gary Feldman Neutrino Oscillations Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

Gary Feldman Neutrino Oscillations Neutrino Oscillations 1. Introduction 2. Status and Prospects A. Solar Neutrinos B. Atmospheric Neutrinos C. LSND Experiment D. High-Mass Neutrinos 3. Conclusions Plenary talk given at DPF'99 UCLA, January 9, 1999 #12;Gary Feldman Neutrino Oscillations Introduction

Feldman, Gary

40

Neutrino oscillometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutrino oscillations are studied employing sources of low energy monoenergetic neutrinos following electron capture by the nucleus and measuring electron recoils. Since the neutrino energy is very low the oscillation length L23 appearing in this electronic neutrino disappearance experiment can be so small that the full oscillation can take place inside the detector so that one may determine very accurately the neutrino oscillation parameters. In particular, since the oscillation probability is proportional to sin2 2?13, one can measure or set a better limit on the unknown parameter ?13. One, however, has to pay the price that the expected counting rates are very small. Thus one needs a very intensive neutrino source and a large detector with as low as possible energy threshold and high energy and position resolution. Both spherical gaseous and cylindrical liquid detectors are studied. Different source candidates are considered.

Vergados, J. D.; Giomataris, Y.; Novikov, Yu. N.

2012-08-01

41

An Anatomy of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

To understand neutrino oscillations with neutrinos treated as point-like Dirac particles,we describe how to use an off-diagonal (cross-generation) neutrino-Higgs (mass) interaction to simulate oscillations in a natural way. This results in an extra orthogonal SUf (3) family gauge theory, which cooperates with the Minimal Standard Model to form a unique extended Standard Model. Altogether, it may help us to resolve a few outstanding puzzles - the question of why there are only three generations, the question of why the masses of neutrinos are so tiny, the question of why neutrinos oscillate, and the question of why the dark-matter world is so huge (25%) as compared to the visible ordinary-matter world (5%).

W-Y. Pauchy Hwang

2012-09-25

42

An Anatomy of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

To understand neutrino oscillations with neutrinos treated as point-like Dirac particles, we describe how to use an off-diagonal (cross-generation) neutrino-Higgs (mass) interaction to simulate oscillations in a natural way. This results in an extra orthogonal $SU_f(3)$ family gauge theory, which cooperates with the Minimal Standard Model to form a unique extended Standard Model (i.e., our Standard Mode). Altogether, it helps us to resolve a few outstanding puzzles - the question of why there are only three generations, the question of why the masses of neutrinos are so tiny, the question of why neutrinos oscillate, and the question of why the dark-matter world is so huge (25%) as compared to the visible ordinary-matter world (5%).

W-Y. Pauchy Hwang

2012-09-25

43

Neutrino mass  

SciTech Connect

The existence of a finite neutrino mass would have important consequences in particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. Experimental sensitivities have continued to be pushed down without any confirmed evidence for a finite neutrino mass. Yet there are several observations of discrepancies between theoretical predictions and observations which might be possible indications of a finite neutrino mass. Thus, extensive theoretical and experimental work is underway to resolve these issues.

Bowles, T.J.

1994-04-01

44

Neutrino Observatories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article, from Cosmic Horizons: Astronomy at the Cutting Edge, takes an in-depth look at the new generation of astronomy equipment. It provides an overview of the discovery of neutrinos, subatomic particles, and their role in the developing field of physics, studies that showed that nuclear reactions, including those that power the stars, produce an enormous number of neutrinos, the creation of neutrino observatories deep underground and the stunning and unexpected advances these observatories have already made.

45

An Anatomy of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

To understand neutrino oscillations in the sense of quantum mechanics or quantum field theory, we describe how to use an off-diagonal (cross-generation) neutrino-Higgs(mass) interaction to simulate oscillations in a natural way. This results in an extra orthogonal SU_f (3) family gauge theory, which may help us to resolve a few outstanding puzzles - the question of why there are only three generations, the question of why the masses of neutrinos are so tiny, and the question of why the dark-matter world is so huge (25%) as compared to the visible ordinary-matter world (5%).

Hwang, W-Y Pauchy

2012-01-01

46

Search for Majorana Neutrinos in B-??+?-?- Decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for heavy Majorana neutrinos produced in the B-??+?-?- decay mode is performed using 3 fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the LHCb detector in pp collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV at the LHC. Neutrinos with masses in the range 250 to 5000 MeV and lifetimes from zero to 1000 ps are probed. In the absence of a signal, upper limits are set on the branching fraction B(B-??+?-?-) as functions of neutrino mass and lifetime. These limits are on the order of 10-9 for short neutrino lifetimes of 1 ps or less. Limits are also set on the coupling between the muon and a possible fourth-generation neutrino.

Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alvarez Cartelle, P.; Alves, A. A.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andreotti, M.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Aquines Gutierrez, O.; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Badalov, A.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Batozskaya, V.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M.-O.; van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Borsato, M.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Calabrese, R.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Calvo Gomez, M.; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Campora Perez, D.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Carvalho Akiba, K.; Casse, G.; Castillo Garcia, L.; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Cheung, S.-F.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Cid Vidal, X.; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coca, C.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Counts, I.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Craik, D. C.; Cruz Torres, M.; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; Dalseno, J.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bonis, I.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Déléage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dorigo, M.; Dorosz, P.; Dosil Suárez, A.; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Falabella, A.; Färber, C.; Farinelli, C.; Farry, S.; Ferguson, D.; Fernandez Albor, V.; Ferreira Rodrigues, F.; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fiorini, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Furfaro, E.; Gallas Torreira, A.; Galli, D.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Garra Tico, J.; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gianelle, A.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Göbel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gordon, H.; Grabalosa Gándara, M.; Graciani Diaz, R.; Granado Cardoso, L. A.; Graugés, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grillo, L.; Grünberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Hafkenscheid, T. W.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Hernando Morata, J. A.; van Herwijnen, E.; Heß, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Huse, T.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Iakovenko, V.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Jurik, N.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Khanji, B.; Khurewathanakul, C.; Klaver, S.; Kochebina, O.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; La Thi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Le Gac, R.; van Leerdam, J.; Lees, J.-P.; Lefèvre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefrançois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Lionetto, F.; Liu, B.; Liu, G.; Lohn, S.; Longstaff, I.; Lopes, J. H.; Lopez-March, N.; Lowdon, P.; Lu, H.; Lucchesi, D.; Luisier, J.; Luo, H.; Luppi, E.; Lupton, O.; Machefert, F.; Machikhiliyan, I. V.; Maciuc, F.; Maev, O.

2014-04-01

47

Neutrino astronomy  

SciTech Connect

Current knowledge and proposed experiments in the field of neutrino astronomy are reviewed, with particular emphasis on expected sources and existing and proposed detectors for intermediate-energy (10 to 50 MeV) and ultrahigh energy (greater than 10 GeV) neutrinos. Following a brief discussion of the counting rate obtained in the solar neutrino experiment of Davis (1978) and possible statistical sources for the discrepancy between the expected and observed rates, consideration is given to the physics of neutrino ejection in stellar gravitational collapse and sources of high-energy proton collisions giving rise to ultrahigh energy neutrinos. The capabilities of operating Cerenkov detectors at the Homestake Gold Mine, the Mt. Blanc Tunnel and in the Soviet Caucasus are considered in relation to the detection of gravitational collapse in the center of the galaxy, and it is pointed out that neutrino detectors offer a more reliable means of detecting collapses in the Galaxy than do gravitational wave detectors. The possibility of using Cerenkov detectors for ultrahigh energy neutrino detection is also indicated, and applications of large neutrino detectors such as the proposed DUMAND array to measure the lifetime of the proton are discussed.

Schramm, D.N.

1980-01-01

48

Neutrino mass  

SciTech Connect

Neutrinos play a dominant role in both particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. In the our present understanding of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces, the group structure of the Standard Model is SU(3)[sub C] [circle times] SU(2)[sub L] [circle times] U(I)[sub EM]. In the Weinberg-Salam-Glashow Standard Electroweak Model, left-handed neutrinos sit in a doublet, while right-handed neutrinos are in a singlet, and therefore do not interact with the other known particles. Also in this model, the neutrinos are intrinsically massless. However, while the W-S-G model provides an amazingly accurate picture of our present cold Universe, It has a number of deficits. The Standard Model does not explain the origin of the group structure, It does not reduce the number of coupling constants required, nor does it offer any prediction for the physical masses of the particles. Thus, it is generally assumed that the Standard Model is but a subset of some larger gauge theory. A wide variety of Grand Unified field Theories (GUTs), Super Symmetric Models (SUSY), and Superstring models have been proposed as the model for this larger structure. In general, these models predict nonzero neutrino masses and contain mechanisms that provide for lepton-number violation. Thus, a variety of new phenomena are predicted, including finite neutrino masses and the possibility that neutrinos can oscillate from one type to another. This report looks at the possibility of detecting neutrino vat mass.

Bowles, T.J.

1993-01-01

49

Neutrino mass  

SciTech Connect

Neutrinos play a dominant role in both particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. In the our present understanding of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces, the group structure of the Standard Model is SU(3){sub C} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} U(I){sub EM}. In the Weinberg-Salam-Glashow Standard Electroweak Model, left-handed neutrinos sit in a doublet, while right-handed neutrinos are in a singlet, and therefore do not interact with the other known particles. Also in this model, the neutrinos are intrinsically massless. However, while the W-S-G model provides an amazingly accurate picture of our present cold Universe, It has a number of deficits. The Standard Model does not explain the origin of the group structure, It does not reduce the number of coupling constants required, nor does it offer any prediction for the physical masses of the particles. Thus, it is generally assumed that the Standard Model is but a subset of some larger gauge theory. A wide variety of Grand Unified field Theories (GUTs), Super Symmetric Models (SUSY), and Superstring models have been proposed as the model for this larger structure. In general, these models predict nonzero neutrino masses and contain mechanisms that provide for lepton-number violation. Thus, a variety of new phenomena are predicted, including finite neutrino masses and the possibility that neutrinos can oscillate from one type to another. This report looks at the possibility of detecting neutrino vat mass.

Bowles, T.J.

1993-04-01

50

Neutrino telescopes  

SciTech Connect

Neutrino astrophysics offers a new possibility to observe our Universe: high-energy neutrinos, produced by the most energetic phenomena in our Galaxy and in the Universe, carry complementary (if not exclusive) information about the cosmos: this young discipline extends in fact the conventional astronomy beyond the usual electromagnetic probe. The weak interaction of neutrinos with matter allows them to escape from the core of astrophysical objects and in this sense they represent a complementary messenger with respect to photons. However, their detection on Earth due to the small interaction cross section requires a large target mass. The aim of this article is to review the scientific motivations of the high-energy neutrino astrophysics, the detection principles together with the description of a running apparatus, the experiment ANTARES, the performance of this detector with some results, and the presentation of other neutrino telescope projects.

Costantini, H., E-mail: costant@cppm.in2p3.fr [CPPM, Aix-Marseille Universite, CNRS/IN2P3 (France)

2012-09-15

51

Testing the Reactor and Gallium Anomalies with Intense (Anti)Neutrino Emitters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several observed anomalies in neutrino oscillation data could be explained by a hypothetical fourth neutrino separated from the three standard neutrinos by a squared mass difference of a few 0.1 eV or more. This hypothesis can be tested with MCi neutrino electron capture sources (51Cr) or kCi antineutrino ?-source (144Ce) deployed inside or next to a large low background neutrino detector. In particular, the compact size of this source coupled with the localization of the interaction vertex lead to an oscillating pattern in event spatial (and possibly energy) distributions that would unambiguously determine neutrino mass differences and mixing angles.

Lasserre, Thierry

2013-02-01

52

Testing the Reactor and Gallium Anomalies with Intense (Anti)Neutrino Emitters  

E-print Network

Several observed anomalies in neutrino oscillation data could be explained by a hypothetical fourth neutrino separated from the three standard neutrinos by a squared mass difference of a few 0.1 eV$^2$ or more. This hypothesis can be tested with MCi neutrino electron capture sources ($^{51}$Cr) or kCi antineutrino $\\beta$-source ($^{144}$Ce) deployed inside or next to a large low background neutrino detector. In particular, the compact size of this source coupled with the localization of the interaction vertex lead to an oscillating pattern in event spatial (and possibly energy) distributions that would unambiguously determine neutrino mass differences and mixing angles.

Th. Lasserre

2012-09-23

53

Possible Revelation of Seesaw Mass Pattern in Solar and Atmospheric Neutrino Data  

E-print Network

Assuming the solar and atmospheric neutrino deficits to be due to neutrino oscillations, it is shown that the 3X3 mass matrix spanning the e, mu, and tau neutrinos may have already revealed a seesaw mass pattern. Also, this matrix is the natural reduction of a simple 5X5 seesaw mass matrix with one large scale, the 4X4 reduction of which predicts that a fourth neutrino would mix with the e and mu neutrinos in such a way that oscillations between them may occur just within the detection capability of the LSND (Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector) experiment.

Ernest Ma; J. Pantaleone

1995-03-13

54

New constraints on neutrino masses from cosmology  

SciTech Connect

By combining data from cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments (including the recent WMAP third year results), large scale structure (LSS) and Lyman-{alpha} forest observations, we derive upper limits on the sum of neutrino masses of {summation}m{sub v} < 0.17eV at 95% c.l.. We then constrain the hypothesis of a fourth, sterile, massive neutrino. For the 3 massless + 1 massive neutrino case we bound the mass of the sterile neutrino to m{sub s} < 0.26eV at 95% c.l.. These results exclude at high significance the sterile neutrino hypothesis as an explanation of the LSND anomaly. We then generalize the analysis to account for active neutrino masses which tightens the limit to m{sub s} < 0.23eV and the possibility that the sterile abundance is not thermal. In the latter case, the constraints in the (mass, density) plane are nontrivial. For a mass of > 1eV or < 0.05eV the cosmological energy density in sterile neutrinos is always constrained to be {omega}{sub v} < 0.003 at 95% c.l.. However, for a sterile neutrino mass of {omega}{sub v} 0.25eV, {omega}{sub v} can be as large as 0.01.

Melchiorri, A.; Serra, P.; /Rome U. /INFN, Rome; Dodelson, S.; /Fermilab; Slosar, A.; /Ljubljana U.

2006-01-01

55

Neutrino Velocity and Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

We study distances of propagation and the group velocities of the muon neutrinos in the presence of mixing and oscillations assuming that Lorentz invariance holds. Oscillations lead to distortion of the $\

H. Minakata; A. Yu. Smirnov

2012-02-05

56

FOURTH ANNUAL WHITE COATS-4-CARE RECEPTION  

E-print Network

FOURTH ANNUAL WHITE COATS-4-CARE RECEPTION Kickoff to Boca Chamber Festival Days Presented and Co-297-2676 Email: ggaloust@fau.edu med.fau.edu Valet Parking Compliments of Dr. Ronald Rubin $100 White Coat $250 White Coat Ceremony Sponsor $500 Medical Student Scholarship (based on need) $750 Family

Fernandez, Eduardo

57

Neutrino Mixing and Neutrino Telescopes  

E-print Network

Measuring flux ratios of ultra-high energy neutrinos is an alternative method to determine the neutrino mixing angles and the CP phase delta. We conduct a systematic analysis of the neutrino mixing probabilities and of various flux ratios measurable at neutrino telescopes. The considered cases are neutrinos from pion, neutron and muon-damped sources. Explicit formulae in case of mu-tau symmetry and its special case tri-bimaximal mixing are obtained, and the leading corrections due to non-zero theta_{13} and non-maximal theta_{23} are given. The first order correction is universal as it appears in basically all ratios. We study in detail its dependence on theta_{13}, theta_{23} and the CP phase, finding that the dependence on theta_{23} is strongest. The flavor compositions for the considered neutrino sources are evaluated in terms of this correction. A measurement of a flux ratio is a clean measurement of the universal correction (and therefore of theta_{13}, theta_{23} and delta) if the zeroth order ratio does not depend on theta_{12}. This favors pion sources over the other cases, which in turn are good candidates to probe theta_{12}. The only situations in which the universal correction does not appear are certain ratios in case of a neutron and muon-damped source, which depend mainly on theta_{12} and receive only quadratic corrections from the other parameters. We further show that there are only two independent neutrino oscillation probabilities, give the allowed ranges of the considered flux ratios and of all probabilities, and show that none of the latter can be zero or one.

Werner Rodejohann

2006-12-05

58

Solar Neutrinos and the Decaying Neutrino Hypothesis  

E-print Network

We explore, mostly using data from solar neutrino experiments, the hypothesis that the neutrino mass eigenstates are unstable. We find that, by combining $^8$B solar neutrino data with those on $^7$Be and lower-energy solar neutrinos, one obtains a mostly model-independent bound on both the $\

Berryman, Jeffrey M; Hernandez, Daniel

2014-01-01

59

Solar Neutrinos and the Decaying Neutrino Hypothesis  

E-print Network

We explore, mostly using data from solar neutrino experiments, the hypothesis that the neutrino mass eigenstates are unstable. We find that, by combining $^8$B solar neutrino data with those on $^7$Be and lower-energy solar neutrinos, one obtains a mostly model-independent bound on both the $\

Jeffrey M. Berryman; Andre de Gouvea; Daniel Hernandez

2014-11-02

60

Solar Neutrinos  

E-print Network

Experimental work with solar neutrinos has illuminated the properties of neutrinos and tested models of how the sun produces its energy. Three experiments continue to take data, and at least seven are in various stages of planning or construction. In this review, the current experimental status is summarized, and future directions explored with a focus on the effects of a non-zero theta-13 and the interesting possibility of directly testing the luminosity constraint. Such a confrontation at the few-percent level would provide a prediction of the solar irradiance tens of thousands of years in the future for comparison with the present-day irradiance. A model-independent analysis of existing low-energy data shows good agreement between the neutrino and electromagnetic luminosities at the +/- 20 % level.

R. G. H. Robertson

2006-02-05

61

Is cosmology compatible with sterile neutrinos?  

SciTech Connect

By combining data from cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments (including the recent BOOMERANG-2K2 results), large scale structure (LSS) and Lyman-{alpha} forest observations, we constrain the hypothesis of a fourth, sterile, massive neutrino. For the 3 massless + 1 massive neutrino case we bound the mass of the sterile neutrino to m{sub s} < 0.55eV at 95% c.l.. These results exclude at high significance the sterile neutrino hypothesis as an explanation of the LSND anomaly. We then generalize the analysis to account for active neutrino masses (which tightens the limit to m{sub s} < 0.51eV) and the possibility that the sterile abundance is not thermal. In the latter case, the constraints in the (mass, density) plane are non-trivial. For a mass of > 1eV or < 0.05eV the cosmological energy density in sterile neutrinos is always constrained to be {omega}{sub {nu}} < 0.005 at 95% c.l.. However, for a sterile neutrino mass of {approx} 0.25 eV, {omega}{sub {nu}} can be as large as 0.015.

Dodelson, Scott; /Fermilab; Melchiorri, Alessandro; /Rome U. /INFN, Rome; Slosar, Anze; /Ljubljana U.

2005-11-01

62

Neutrino Mass and Flavour Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey some of the recent promising developments in the search for the theory behind neutrino mass and tri-bimaximal mixing, and indeed all fermion masses and mixing. We focus in particular on models with discrete family symmetry and unification, and show how such models can also solve the SUSY flavour and CP problems. We also discuss the theoretical implications of

Stephen F. King; Stephen F

2010-01-01

63

Colliding neutrino beams  

E-print Network

From several neutrino oscillation experiments, we understand now that neutrinos have mass. However, we really don't know what mechanism is responsible for producing this neutrino mass. Current or planned neutrino experiments utilize neutrino beams and long-baseline detectors to explore flavor mixing but do not address the question of the origin of neutrino mass. In order to answer that question, neutrino interactions need to be explored at much higher energies. This paper outlines a program to explore neutrinos and their interactions with various particles through a series of experiments involving colliding neutrino beams.

Reinhard Schwienhorst

2007-08-01

64

Secret of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

The new effect of partial and full destruction of the neutrino oscillation pattern due to the neutrino wave packets separation in the transverse plane to the direction of the neutrino propagation is investigated. It is shown that this effect is significant in the real oscillation data, in particular, for the solar neutrinos, and dramatically changes the extracted physical properties of neutrinos.

Dmitry Zhuridov

2012-02-10

65

Secret of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

The new effect of partial and full destruction of the neutrino oscillation pattern due to the neutrino wave packets separation in the transverse plane to the direction of the neutrino propagation is investigated. It is shown that this effect is significant in the real oscillation data, in particular, for the solar neutrinos, and dramatically changes the extracted physical properties of neutrinos.

Zhuridov, Dmitry

2012-01-01

66

Introduction to neutrino cosmology  

E-print Network

I review the basics of neutrino cosmology, from the question of neutrino decoupling and the presence of sterile neutrinos to the effects of neutrinos on the cosmic microwave background and large scale structure. Particular emphasis is put on cosmological neutrino mass measurements, both the present bounds and the future prospects.

Steen Hannestad

2005-11-19

67

Mining neutrinos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ore from a mine nearly a mile deep may hold a record of stellar collapses in our galaxy over millions of years, say two physicists in a new study. The results of their work could place constraints on the rate of supernova formation and the evolution of matter.Neutrinos are a key to many stellar processes, from the life of the

William Ward Maggs

1988-01-01

68

Proton stability from a fourth family  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The possibility to violate baryon or lepton number without introducing any new flavor structures, beyond those needed to account for the known fermion masses and mixings, is analyzed. With four generations, but only three colors, this minimality requirement is shown to lead to baryon number conservation, up to negligible dimension-18 operators. In a supersymmetric context, this same minimality principle allows only superpotential terms with an even number of flavored superfields, hence effectively enforcing R parity both within the minimal supersymmetric standard model and in a grand unified theory context.

Smith, Christopher

2012-02-01

69

Neutrino magnetic moment  

SciTech Connect

We review attempts to achieve a large neutrino magnetic moment ({mu}{sub {nu}} {le} 10{sup {minus}11}{mu}{sub B}), while keeping neutrino light or massless. The application to the solar neutrino puzzle is discussed. 24 refs.

Chang, D. (Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (USA). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Senjanovic, G. (Zagreb Univ. (Yugoslavia). Dept. of Theoretical Physics)

1990-01-01

70

Electromagnetic properties of neutrinos  

E-print Network

A short review on electromagnetic properties of neutrinos is presented. In spite of many efforts in the theoretical and experimental studies of neutrino electromagnetic properties, they still remain one of the main puzzles related to neutrinos.

Carlo Giunti; Alexander Studenikin

2010-06-08

71

Fourth goal of perinatal medicine.  

PubMed Central

Reduction in maternal mortality, infant mortality, and infant morbidity have been successively the goals of perinatal medicine. The fourth is to reduce bonding failure. In July 1978 a preventive service was started in the John Radcliffe Maternity Hospital. A twice-weekly round is made. Midwives refer families who cause them concern. In the first year the referral rate ws 20.5 per 1000 liveborn babies. The referred sample differed from the hospital population in terms of maternal psychiatric history, marital state and babies' admission to special care. The main reasons for referral were: doubt about parenting ability (27%), psychiatric history (15%), disturbed behaviour in hospital (14%), and diffuse social and medical problems (17%). Long-term care was needed for only 14% of families. At their first birthdays, six babies were placed away from their natural parents; the sample had had a slightly higher than expected admission rate to hospital; the distribution of weights did not differ from the expected; doctors and health visitors were still concerned about one-quarter of the families. Seven cases of screening failure were found among those not referred to our service, but only one was seriously abused. No child referred in the first year has been seriously neglected or abused. PMID:6802338

Ounsted, C; Roberts, J C; Gordon, M; Milligan, B

1982-01-01

72

NEUTRINO FACTORIES - PHYSICS POTENTIALS.  

SciTech Connect

The recent results from Super-Kamiokande atmospheric and solar neutrino observations opens a new era in neutrino physics and has sparked a considerable interest in the physics possibilities with a Neutrino Factory based on the muon storage ring. We present physics opportunities at a Neutrino Factory, and prospects of Neutrino oscillation experiments. Using the precisely known flavor composition of the beam, one could envision an extensive program to measure the neutrino oscillation mixing matrix, including possible CP violating effects. These and Neutrino Interaction Rates for examples of a Neutrino Factory at BNL (and FNAL) with detectors at Gran Sasso, SLAC and Sudan are also presented.

PARSA,Z.

2001-02-16

73

Neutrinos: Theory and Phenomenology  

SciTech Connect

The theory and phenomenology of neutrinos will be addressed, especially that relating to the observation of neutrino flavor transformations. The current status and implications for future experiments will be discussed with special emphasis on the experiments that will determine the neutrino mass ordering, the dominant flavor content of the neutrino mass eigenstate with the smallest electron neutrino content and the size of CP violation in the neutrino sector. Beyond the neutrino Standard Model, the evidence for and a possible definitive experiment to confirm or refute the existence of light sterile neutrinos will be briefly discussed.

Parke, Stephen

2013-10-22

74

Neutrinos: Recent Developments  

SciTech Connect

Certainly one of the most exciting areas of research at present is neutrino physics. The neutrinos are fantastically numerous in the universe and as such they have bearing on our understanding of the universe. Therefore, we must understand the neutrinos, particularly their mass. There is compelling evidence from solar and atmospheric neutrinos and those from reactors for neutrino oscillations implying that neutrinos mix and have nonzero mass but without pinning down their absolute mass. This is reviewed. The implications of neutrino oscillations and mass squared splitting between neutrinos of different flavor on pattern of neutrino mass matrix is discussed. In particular, a neutrino mass matrix, which shows approximate flavor symmetry where the neutrino mass differences arise from flavor violation in off-diagonal Yukawa couplings is elaborated on. The implications in double beta decay are also discussed.

Riazuddin [National Center for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2005-03-17

75

Muon Neutrino Disappearance and Tau Neutrino Appearance  

E-print Network

Since evidence for neutrino oscillations was first observed in 1998, the study of muon neutrino oscillations has been aggressively pursued. In doing so, atmospheric and accelerator-based neutrino experiments have measured with the highest precision two fundamental neutrino parameters: the mass-square difference and the large mixing angle in the atmospheric neutrino sector. Furthermore, the dominant mode of these oscillations has recently been established to be from muon to tau neutrinos with both direct and indirect observations. Also, for the first time the anti-neutrino counterparts to these oscillation parameters are being studied. While a consistent picture of the mu-tau sector is thus emerging, a new generation of accelerator-based experiments using off-axis neutrino beams to access this sector could lead to new discoveries.

M. C. Sanchez

2011-12-03

76

Atmospheric neutrino and Long Baseline neutrino experiments  

E-print Network

The results obtained by several experiments on atmospheric neutrino oscillations are summarized and discussed. Then the results obtained by different long baseline neutrino experiments are considered. Finally conclusions and perspectives are made.

Giorgio Giacomelli

2007-12-13

77

Fourth Grade Lab Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are a collection of sites related to the Fourth Grade CORE, to be explored in the computer lab. For SCIENCE explorations click below. 1. Clouds and the water cycle at the Enchanted Learning site. 2. Look at the Cloud Man&s pictures of clouds. 3. Cloud Types 4. Clouds and Precipitation: online meteorology guide 5. The Dirt on Soil 6. The Dirt on Soil 7. Soil Horizons For MATH activities click below. Math activities "A" ...

Boissonnault, Ms.

2005-06-23

78

Confronting Heavy Tau Neutrinos with Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

If the tau neutrino is as heavy as 10 MeV which may have certain astrophysical implications, the neutrino mass pattern is studied so as to accommodate the new oscillation observations. It predicts that the electron neutrino has Marjorana mass around 0.05 eV. A supersymmetric model is described to realize the above scenario.

Chun Liu

2001-09-27

79

The Neutrino Oscillation Amplitudes  

E-print Network

A consistent description of the results of the neutrino oscillation experiments carried out so far can be obtained from three basic properties of neutrinos and the parameters of the Hamiltonian matrix. Using these basic neutrino properties, an exact relation for the oscillation amplitudes of moving neutrinos is derived.

Walter Schmidt-Parzefall

2009-12-18

80

Neutrino physics at accelerators  

E-print Network

Present and future neutrino experiments at accelerators are mainly concerned with understanding the neutrino oscillation phenomenon and its implications. Here a brief account of neutrino oscillations is given together with a description of the supporting data. Some current and planned accelerator neutrino experiments are also explained.

Enrique Fernandez

2006-07-16

81

Neutrino Astronomy Scott Wilbur  

E-print Network

Neutrino Astronomy Ph 135 Scott Wilbur #12;Why do Astronomy with Neutrinos? Stars, active galacticV protons, which should be created with neutrinos, have been seen Can be used to observe possible dark with Neutrinos? Three main areas of research: Astronomy More information about high-energy protons and rays

Golwala, Sunil

82

Whatâs a Neutrino?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains an introduction to neutrinos, one of the fundamental particles that make up the universe. A description of neutrinos and their properties is provided. The site also includes a chronology of neutrinos studies and discoveries, frequently asked questions, and links to more information about neutrinos.

2006-11-30

83

Nonaccelerator neutrino physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The subject of these lectures is experimental nonaccelerator neutrino physics. We discuss experiments on solar and atmospheric neutrino flux measurements, as well as experiments devoted to recording the antineutrino on nuclear reactors in the context of determining the parameters of neutrino oscillations. Neutrino geophysics, a new field of science, is overviewed.

Smirnov, O. Yu.

2012-12-01

84

Minimal Radiative Neutrino Mass Mechanism for Inverse Seesaw Models  

E-print Network

We study a minimal one-loop radiative mechanism for generating small Majorana neutrino masses in inverse seesaw extensions of the Standard Model with two singlet fermions per family. The new feature of this radiative mechanism is that the one-loop induced left-handed neutrino mass matrix is directly proportional to the Majorana mass matrix of the right-handed neutrinos. This is a very economical scenario without necessitating the existence of non-standard scalar or gauge fields.

P. S. Bhupal Dev; Apostolos Pilaftsis

2012-09-18

85

"Secret" neutrino interactions  

E-print Network

We review the information about a potentially strong non-standard four-neutrino interaction that can be obtained from available experimental data. By using LEP results and nucleosynthesis data we find that a contact four-fermion neutrino interaction that involve only left-handed neutrinos or both left-handed and right-handed neutrinos cannot be stronger than the standard weak interactions. A much stronger interaction involving only right-handed neutrinos is still allowed.

Mikhail Bilenky; Arcadi Santamaria

1999-08-05

86

Cosmic neutrino cascades from secret neutrino interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first detection of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos by IceCube provides new opportunities for tests of neutrino properties. The long baseline through the cosmic neutrino background (C?B) is particularly useful for directly testing secret neutrino interactions (?SI) that would cause neutrino-neutrino elastic scattering at a larger rate than the usual weak interactions. We show that IceCube can provide competitive sensitivity to ?SI compared to other astrophysical and cosmological probes, which are complementary to laboratory tests. We study the spectral distortions caused by ?SI with a large s-channel contribution, which can lead to a dip, bump, or cutoff on an initially smooth spectrum. Consequently, ?SI may be an exotic solution for features seen in the IceCube energy spectrum. More conservatively, IceCube neutrino data could be used to set model-independent limits on ?SI. Our phenomenological estimates provide guidance for more detailed calculations, comparisons to data, and model building.

Ng, Kenny C. Y.; Beacom, John F.

2014-09-01

87

Fourth JECSS Workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Fourth Japan and East China Seas Study (JECSS) Workshop convened at the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology from September 1 to 5, 1987, in Tsukuba, Japan, with support of the Research Institute of Pollution and Resources and the Japan-China Friendship Society. Sixty-four marine scientists participated: 12 from China, nine from South Korea, 33 from Japan, three from Taiwan, and seven from the United States. JECSS is an associate program of WESTPAC (the Working Group for the Western Pacific), which is a program of IOC (the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Committee)

Ichiye, T.

88

Fourth Generation Parity  

SciTech Connect

We present a very simple 4th-generation (4G) model with an Abelian gauge interaction under which only the 4G fermions have nonzero charge. The U(1) gauge symmetry can have a Z_2 residual discrete symmetry (4G-parity), which can stabilize the lightest 4G particle (L4P). When the 4G neutrino is the L4P, it would be a neutral and stable particle and the other 4G fermions would decay into the L4P leaving the trace of missing energy plus the standard model fermions. Because of the new symmetry, the 4G particle creation and decay modes are different from those of the sequential 4G model, and the 4G particles can be appreciably lighter than typical experimental bounds.

Lee, Hye-Sung [William and Mary College, BNL, JLAB; Soni, Amarjit [William and Mary College

2013-01-01

89

Fourth Generation Parity  

E-print Network

We present a very simple 4th-generation (4G) model with an Abelian gauge interaction under which only the 4G fermions have nonzero charge. The U(1) gauge symmetry can have a Z_2 residual discrete symmetry (4G-parity), which can stabilize the lightest 4G particle (L4P). When the 4G neutrino is the L4P, it would be a neutral and stable particle and the other 4G fermions would decay into the L4P leaving the trace of missing energy plus the standard model fermions. Because of the new symmetry, the 4G particle creation and decay modes are different from those of the sequential 4G model, and the 4G particles can be appreciably lighter than typical experimental bounds.

Hye-Sung Lee; Amarjit Soni

2012-06-26

90

Fourth Generation Parity  

E-print Network

We present a very simple 4th-generation (4G) model with an Abelian gauge interaction under which only the 4G fermions have nonzero charge. The U(1) gauge symmetry can have a Z_2 residual discrete symmetry (4G-parity), which can stabilize the lightest 4G particle (L4P). When the 4G neutrino is the L4P, it would be a neutral and stable particle and the other 4G fermions would decay into the L4P leaving the trace of missing energy plus the standard model fermions. Because of the new symmetry, the 4G particle creation and decay modes are different from those of the sequential 4G model, and the 4G particles can be appreciably lighter than typical experimental bounds.

Lee, Hye-Sung

2012-01-01

91

Neutrino Mass and Flavour Models  

SciTech Connect

We survey some of the recent promising developments in the search for the theory behind neutrino mass and tri-bimaximal mixing, and indeed all fermion masses and mixing. We focus in particular on models with discrete family symmetry and unification, and show how such models can also solve the SUSY flavour and CP problems. We also discuss the theoretical implications of the measurement of a non-zero reactor angle, as hinted at by recent experimental measurements.

King, Stephen F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)

2010-02-10

92

13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS  

E-print Network

13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS Updated October 2011 by K of Sciences). The experiments with solar, atmospheric, reactor and accelerator neutrinos have provided compelling evidences for oscillations of neutrinos caused by nonzero neutrino masses and neutrino mixing

93

13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS  

E-print Network

13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS Written May 2010 by K. Nakamura). The experiments with solar, atmospheric, reactor and accelerator neutrinos have provided compelling evidences for oscillations of neutrinos caused by nonzero neutrino masses and neutrino mixing. The data imply the existence

94

The Measurement of Neutrino Properties with Atmospheric Neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric neutrinos are produced by cosmic-ray interactions in the atmosphere. Atmospheric neutrino experiments typically observe zenith-angle and energy dependences of [Formula: see text] and ?e events. Through these experiments, neutrino oscillation was discovered. Since then, various studies have been performed to further our understanding of neutrino properties. This article discusses experimental studies of neutrino oscillations with atmospheric neutrinos.

Kajita, Takaaki

2014-10-01

95

The history of neutrinos, 1930-1985. What have we learned about neutrinos? What have we learned using neutrinos?  

SciTech Connect

An attempt to remember some of the main events which highlight the evolution of our knowledge of the neutrinos and their properties, the 'families' of particles, a few of the very interesting persons who contributed to this progress, as well as the contribution of neutrino beam experiments to the validation of the electro-weak and quantum-chromo-dynamic theories, and the structure of the nucleon. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Early history: continuity of {beta}-spectrum, Pauli letter, universal Fermi interaction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Neutrino beams and the discovery of the muon neutrino. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Gargamelle, the discovery of the neutral current and the verification of the quark-gluon nature of the parton. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Deep inelastic scattering at higher energies: scaling, quantitative verification of QCD, structure functions.

Steinberger, J., E-mail: jack.steinberger@cern.ch

2012-12-15

96

The Neutrino and the SNP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory provides an explanation of neutrinos and of the former discrepancy between theoretical models and solar neutrino data known as the Solar Neutrino Problem (SNP). The site contains a brief history of the study of neutrinos, a graph of the solar neutrinos spectrum, and a discussion of their flux. The role of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory in collecting neutrinos data is also presented.

2006-12-03

97

Implications of ultrahigh energy neutrino flux constraints for Lorentz-invariance violating cosmogenic neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the implications of Lorentz-invariance violation (LIV) on cosmogenic neutrino observations, with particular focus on the constraints imposed on several well-developed models for ultrahigh energy cosmogenic neutrino production by recent results from the ANITA long-duration balloon payload, and RICE at the South Pole. Under a scenario proposed originally by Coleman and Glashow, each lepton family may attain maximum velocities that can exceed c, leading to energy-loss through several interaction channels during propagation. We show that future observations of cosmogenic neutrinos will provide by far the most stringent limit on LIV in the neutrino sector. We derive the implied level of LIV required to suppress observation of predicted fluxes from several mainstream cosmogenic neutrino models, and specifically those recently constrained by the ANITA and RICE experiments. We simulate via detailed Monte Carlo code the propagation of cosmogenic neutrino fluxes in the presence of LIV-induced energy losses. We show that this process produces several detectable effects in the resulting attenuated neutrino spectra, even at LIV-induced neutrino superluminality of (u?-c)/c?10-26, about 13 orders of magnitude below current bounds.

Gorham, P. W.; Connolly, A.; Allison, P.; Beatty, J. J.; Belov, K.; Besson, D. Z.; Binns, W. R.; Chen, P.; Clem, J. M.; Hoover, S.; Israel, M. H.; Nam, J.; Saltzberg, D.; Varner, G. S.; Vieregg, A. G.

2012-11-01

98

Experimental Neutrino Physics: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Experimental studies of neutrino properties, with particular emphasis on neutrino oscillation, mass and mixing parameters. This research was pursued by means of underground detectors for reactor anti-neutrinos, measuring the flux and energy spectra of the neutrinos. More recent investigations have been aimed and developing detector technologies for a long-baseline neutrino experiment (LBNE) using a neutrino beam from Fermilab.

Lane, Charles E.; Maricic, Jelena

2012-09-05

99

Neutrino mass, a status report  

SciTech Connect

Experimental approaches to neutrino mass include kinematic mass measurements, neutrino oscillation searches at rectors and accelerators, solar neutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, and single and double beta decay. The solar neutrino results yield fairly strong and consistent indications that neutrino oscillations are occurring. Other evidence for new physics is less consistent and convincing.

Robertson, R.G.H.

1993-08-01

100

Massive Neutrinos in Cosmology  

E-print Network

The roles of massive neutrinos in cosmology -- in leptogenesis and in the evolution of mass density fluctuations -- are reviewed. Emphasis is given to the limit on neutrino mass from these considerations.

Masataka Fukugita

2005-11-07

101

Viewpoint: Rethinking the Neutrino  

E-print Network

To some, this may be the year of the dragon, but in neutrino physics, this is the year of ?[subscript 13]. Only one year ago, this supposedly “tiny” mixing angle, which describes how neutrinos oscillate from one mass state ...

Conrad, Janet

102

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is a second-generation water Cherenkov detector designed to determine whether the currently observed solar neutrino deficit is a result of neutrino oscillations. The detector is unique in its use of D2O as a detection medium, permitting it to make a solar model-independent test of the neutrino oscillation hypothesis by comparison of the charged- and neutral-current interaction

J Boger; R. L Hahn; J. K Rowley; A. L Carter; B Hollebone; D Kessler; I Blevis; F Dalnoki-Veress; A DeKok; J Farine; D. R Grant; C. K Hargrove; G Laberge; I Levine; K McFarlane; H Mes; A. T Noble; V. M Novikov; M O'Neill; M Shatkay; C Shewchuk; D Sinclair; E. T. H Clifford; R Deal; E. D Earle; E Gaudette; G Milton; B Sur; J Bigu; J. H. M Cowan; D. L Cluff; E. D Hallman; R. U Haq; J Hewett; J. G Hykawy; G Jonkmans; R Michaud; A Roberge; J Roberts; E Saettler; M. H Schwendener; H Seifert; D Sweezey; R Tafirout; C. J Virtue; D. N Beck; Y. D Chan; X Chen; M. R Dragowsky; F. W Dycus; J Gonzalez; M. C. P Isaac; Y Kajiyama; G. W Koehler; K. T Lesko; M. C Moebus; E. B Norman; C. E Okada; A. W. P Poon; P Purgalis; A Schuelke; A. R Smith; R. G Stokstad; S Turner; I Zlimen; J. M Anaya; T. J Bowles; S. J Brice; Ernst-Ingo Esch; M. M Fowler; Azriel Goldschmidt; A Hime; A. F McGirt; G. G Miller; W. A Teasdale; J. B Wilhelmy; J. M Wouters; J. D Anglin; M Bercovitch; W. F Davidson; R. S Storey; S Biller; R. A Black; R. J Boardman; M. G Bowler; J Cameron; B Cleveland; A. P Ferraris; G Doucas; H Heron; C Howard; N. A Jelley; A. B Knox; M Lay; W Locke; J Lyon; S Majerus; M Moorhead; M Omori; N. W Tanner; R. K Taplin; M Thorman; D. L Wark; J. C Barton; P. T Trent; R Kouzes; M. M Lowry; A. L Bell; E Bonvin; M Boulay; M Dayon; F Duncan; L. S Erhardt; H. C Evans; G. T Ewan; R Ford; A Hallin; A Hamer; P. M Hart; P. J Harvey; D Haslip; C. A. W Hearns; R Heaton; J. D Hepburn; C. J Jillings; E. P Korpach; H. W Lee; J. R Leslie; M.-Q Liu; H. B Mak; A. B McDonald; J. D MacArthur; W McLatchie; B. A Moffat; S Noel; T. J Radcliffe; B. C Robertson; P Skensved; R. L Stevenson; X Zhu; S Gil; J Heise; R. L Helmer; R. J Komar; C. W Nally; H. S Ng; C. E Waltham; R. C Allen; G Bühler; H. H Chen; G Aardsma; T Andersen; K Cameron; M. C Chon; R. H Hanson; P Jagam; J Karn; J Law; R. W Ollerhead; J. J Simpson; N Tagg; J.-X Wang; C Alexander; E. W Beier; J. C Cook; D. F Cowen; E. D Frank; W Frati; P. T Keener; J. R Klein; G Mayers; D. S McDonald; M. S Neubauer; F. M Newcomer; R. J Pearce; R. G. Van de Water; R. Van Berg; P Wittich; Q. R Ahmad; J. M Beck; M. C Browne; T. H Burritt; P. J Doe; C. A Duba; S. R Elliott; J. E Franklin; J. V Germani; P Green; A. A Hamian; K. M Heeger; M Howe; R. Meijer Drees; A Myers; R. G. H Robertson; M. W. E Smith; T. D Steiger; T. Van Wechel; J. F Wilkerson

2000-01-01

103

Neutrino Oscillation Physics  

SciTech Connect

To complement the neutrino-physics lectures given at the 2011 International School on Astro Particle Physics devoted to Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics (ISAPP 2011; Varenna, Italy), at the 2011 European School of High Energy Physics (ESHEP 2011; Cheila Gradistei, Romania), and, in modified form, at other summer schools, we present here a written description of the physics of neutrino oscillation. This description is centered on a new way of deriving the oscillation probability. We also provide a brief guide to references relevant to topics other than neutrino oscillation that were covered in the lectures. Neutrinos and photons are by far the most abundant elementary particles in the universe. Thus, if we would like to comprehend the universe, we must understand the neutrinos. Of course, studying the neutrinos is challenging, since the only known forces through which these electrically-neutral leptons interact are the weak force and gravity. Consequently, interactions of neutrinos in a detector are very rare events, so that very large detectors and intense neutrino sources are needed to make experiments feasible. Nevertheless, we have confirmed that the weak interactions of neutrinos are correctly described by the Standard Model (SM) of elementary particle physics. Moreover, in the last 14 years, we have discovered that neutrinos have nonzero masses, and that leptons mix. These discoveries have been based on the observation that neutrinos can change from one 'flavor' to another - the phenomenon known as neutrino oscillation. We shall explain the physics of neutrino oscillation, deriving the probability of oscillation in a new way. We shall also provide a very brief guide to references that can be used to study some major neutrino-physics topics other than neutrino oscillation.

Kayser, Boris

2012-06-01

104

Neutrino Magnetic Moment  

E-print Network

Current experimental and observational limits on the neutrino magnetic moment are reviewed. Implications of the recent results from the solar and reactor neutrino experiments for the value of the neutrino magnetic moment are discussed. It is shown that spin-flavor precession in the Sun is suppressed.

A. B. Balantekin

2006-01-13

105

NOVA: Hunting Solar Neutrinos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Check out this NOVA site for an interview with the late astrophysicist John Bahcall, who produced a detailed theory of solar neutrino emission. In the interview he describes his decades-long effort to reconcile the differences between his theory and solar neutrino measurements and the eventual resolution. The site also includes photographs and links to more information about neutrinos.

2006-12-01

106

Neutrino - Link Between the Microcosmos and the Macrocosmos, a Study in Two Parts: (1) Theoretical - Look at the Tau Neutrino Mass and Other Quantum Electrodynamical Effects in Third Family Lepton Interactions and (2) Experimental - Astronomy in Hawai'i, the Short Prototype String of the Deep Underwater Muon and Neutrino Detector Project (hawaii)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nineteen eighties has been a time in which Cosmology and Particle Physics have come together. This dissertation reflects that trend. It does so in two ways. First, in Chapters 1 through 3, there is a theoretical investigation into some aspects of generational universality. The consequences of a third lepton, namely the tauon, and an associated tau neutrino, are explored in terms of phenomenology (mass and V-A consistency) that may shed insight into questions of neutrino mass and increased symmetry at higher energies. Second, in Chapters 4 through 11, there is an experimental investigation in the form of constructing and operating the first stage of the DUMAND (Deep Underwater Muon and Neutrino Detection) project which was a ship suspended muon and neutrino telescope called the SPS (Short Prototype String). This detector is of the water Cherenkov type and is the first time such an instrument has been successfully built and tested for use in the ocean. Chapters 6 through 10 are devoted to the detailed documentation of the parts of the SPS and its technology integration that I designed, prototyped, and debugged. In particular, a complete description is given to the command and control communications system of the string, the digital control electronics and associated software for the Optical, Calibration, and Power modules as well as the fast digitizing electronics or String Bottom Controller (SBC). This includes the development of a microcontroller language UHPS (Underwater Hawai'i Programming System). Finally, Chapter 11 is an analysis of SPS data in terms of ascertaining a purely statistically based downward traveling muon rate at a depth of 4.0 Km yielding (2.06 +/- 0.68) times 10^{-2 } Hz. Assuming a muon flux at 4.0 Km of 7 times 10^{-5 } m^{-2} s ^{-1} sr^ {-1} this corresponds to an effective area of Aeff = 3 +/- 1 times 10^2m^2. Additionally, the power index (n) of the cosine of the zenith angle of the downward traveling muons is found to be n = 5.3 which is consistent with previously reported results from deep mine experiments.

Babson, John Freeman

107

Neutrino masses, neutrino oscillations, double beta decay  

SciTech Connect

Experimental evidence for neutrino oscillations is so far inconclusive. Experimental data for the neutrino mass yields <5 eV from double beta decay and m<20 eV for the electron antineutrino. A review of these experimental data is given. (AIP)

Vuilleumier, J.h.

1984-05-01

108

Constraining sterile neutrinos using reactor neutrino experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Models of neutrino mixing involving one or more sterile neutrinos have resurrected their importance in the light of recent cosmological data. In this case, reactor antineutrino experiments offer an ideal place to look for signatures of sterile neutrinos due to their impact on neutrino flavor transitions. In this work, we show that the high-precision data of the Daya Bay experiment constrain the 3+1 neutrino scenario imposing upper bounds on the relevant active-sterile mixing angle sin2 2 ? 14 ? 0.06 at 3 ? confidence level for the mass-squared difference ?m {41/2} in the range (10-3, 10-1) eV2. The latter bound can be improved by six years of running of the JUNO experiment, sin2 2 ? 14 ? 0.016, although in the smaller mass range ?m {41/2} ? (10-4, 10-3) eV2. We have also investigated the impact of sterile neutrinos on precision measurements of the standard neutrino oscillation parameters ? 13 and ?m {31/2} (at Daya Bay and JUNO), ? 12 and ?m {21/2} (at JUNO), and most importantly, the neutrino mass hierarchy (at JUNO). We find that, except for the obvious situation where ?m {41/2} ? ?m {31/2}, sterile states do not affect these measurements substantially.

Girardi, Ivan; Melon, Davide; Ohlsson, Tommy; Zhang, He; Zhou, Shun

2014-08-01

109

Neutrino observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

SciTech Connect

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a water imaging Cherenkov detector. Its usage of 1000 metric tons of D{sub 2}O as target allows the SNO detector to make a solar-model independent test of the neutrino oscillation hypothesis by simultaneously measuring the solar {nu}{sub e} flux and the total flux of all active neutrino species. Solar neutrinos from the decay of {sup 8}B have been detected at SNO by the charged-current (CC) interaction on the deuteron and by the elastic scattering (ES) of electrons. While the CC reaction is sensitive exclusively to {nu}{sub e}, the ES reaction also has a small sensitivity to {nu}{sub {mu}} and {nu}{sub {tau}}. In this paper, recent solar neutrino results from the SNO experiment are presented. It is demonstrated that the solar flux from {sup 8}B decay as measured from the ES reaction rate under the no-oscillation assumption is consistent with the high precision ES measurement by the Super-Kamiokande experiment. The {nu}{sub e} flux deduced from the CC reaction rate in SNO differs from the Super-Kamiokande ES results by 3.3{sigma}. This is evidence for an active neutrino component, in additional to {nu}{sub e}, in the solar neutrino flux. These results also allow the first experimental determination of the total active {sup 8}B neutrino flux from the Sun, and is found to be in good agreement with solar model predictions.

Ahmad, Q.R.; Allen, R.C.; Andersen, T.C.; Anglin, J.D.; Barton,J.C.; Beier, E.W.; Bercovitch, M.; Bigu, J.; Biller, S.D.; Black, R.A.; Blevis, I.; Boardman, R.J.; Boger, J.; Bonvin, E.; Boulay, M.G.; Bowler,M.G.; Bowles, T.J.; Brice, S.J.; Browne, M.C.; Bullard, T.V.; Buhler, G.; Cameron, J.; Chan, Y.D.; Chen, H.H.; Chen, M.; Chen, X.; Cleveland, B.T.; Clifford, E.T.H.; Cowan, J.H.M.; Cowen, D.F.; Cox, G.A.; Dai, X.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; Davidson, W.F.; Doe, P.J.; Doucas, G.; Dragowsky,M.R.; Duba, C.A.; Duncan, F.A.; Dunford, M.; Dunmore, J.A.; Earle, E.D.; Elliott, S.R.; Evans, H.C.; Ewan, G.T.; Farine, J.; Fergani, H.; Ferraris, A.P.; Ford, R.J.; Formaggio, J.A.; Fowler, M.M.; Frame, K.; Frank, E.D.; Frati, W.; Gagnon, N.; Germani, J.V.; Gil, S.; Graham, K.; Grant, D.R.; Hahn, R.L.; Hallin, A.L.; Hallman, E.D.; Hamer, A.S.; Hamian, A.A.; Handler, W.B.; Haq, R.U.; Hargrove, C.K.; Harvey, P.J.; Hazama, R.; Heeger, K.M.; Heintzelman, W.J.; Heise, J.; Helmer, R.L.; Hepburn, J.D.; Heron, H.; Hewett, J.; Hime, A.; Hykawy, J.G.; Isaac,M.C.P.; Jagam, P.; Jelley, N.A.; Jillings, C.; Jonkmans, G.; Kazkaz, K.; Keener, P.T.; Klein, J.R.; Knox, A.B.; Komar, R.J.; Kouzes, R.; Kutter,T.; Kyba, C.C.M.; Law, J.; Lawson, I.T.; Lay, M.; Lee, H.W.; Lesko, K.T.; Leslie, J.R.; Levine, I.; Locke, W.; Luoma, S.; Lyon, J.; Majerus, S.; Mak, H.B.; Maneira, J.; Manor, J.; Marino, A.D.; McCauley, N.; McDonald,D.S.; McDonald, A.B.; McFarlane, K.; McGregor, G.; Meijer, R.; Mifflin,C.; Miller, G.G.; Milton, G.; Moffat, B.A.; Moorhead, M.; Nally, C.W.; Neubauer, M.S.; Newcomer, F.M.; Ng, H.S.; Noble, A.J.; Norman, E.B.; Novikov, V.M.; O'Neill, M.; Okada, C.E.; Ollerhead, R.W.; Omori, M.; Orrell, J.L.; Oser, S.M.; Poon, A.W.P.; Radcliffe, T.J.; Roberge, A.; Robertson, B.C.; Robertson, R.G.H.; Rosendahl, S.S.E.; Rowley, J.K.; Rusu, V.L.; Saettler, E.; Schaffer, K.K.; Schwendener,M.H.; Schulke, A.; Seifert, H.; Shatkay, M.; Simpson, J.J.; Sims, C.J.; et al.

2001-09-24

110

Neutrino Nuclear Responses For Neutrino Studies In Nuclear Femto Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Neutrinos are key particles for particle and astro-nuclear physics. Majorana neutrino masses and phases, solar and supernova neutrino productions and oscillations, and neutrino nuclear synthesis and fundamental weak interactions are well studied in nuclei as femto laboratories. Here neutrino nuclear responses are crucial for the neutrino studies. This reports briefly experimental studies of neutrino nuclear responses, charge exchange reactions on Ga to study nuclear responses for solar and {sup 51}Cr neutrinos, and {beta}{sup +} neutrino responses for {beta}{beta}-{nu} matrix elements and astro {nu} interactions by photon and muon probes.

Ejiri, H. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Osaka 567-0047, Japan and Nuclear Science, Czech Technical University, Brehova, Prague (Czech Republic)

2011-12-16

111

New development in radiative neutrino mass generation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a simple and predictive model of radiative neutrino masses. It is a special case of the Zee model with a family-dependent Z4 symmetry acting on the leptons. A variety of predictions follow: The hierarchy of neutrino masses must be inverted; the lightest neutrino mass is extremely small and calculable; one of the neutrino mixing angles is determined in terms of the other two; the phase parameters take CP-conserving values with ?CP = ? and the effective mass in neutrinoless double beta decay lies in a narrow range, m?? =(17.6–18.5) meV. The ratio of vacuum expectation values of the two Higgs doublets, tan ?, is determined to be either 1.9 or 0.19 from neutrino oscillation data. Flavor-conserving and flavor-changing couplings of the Higgs doublets are also determined from neutrino data. The non-standard neutral Higgs bosons, if they are moderately heavy, decay significantly into ? and ? with prescribed branching ratios. Observable rates for the decays ? ? e? and ? ? 3? are predicted if these scalars have masses in the range of 150-500 GeV.

Julio

2014-10-01

112

Neutrinos and Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News highlights neutrinos and the recent discovery that neutrinos have mass -- a discovery that has forced physicists to rethink the behavior of elementary particles. The seven resources provided discuss various aspects of the topic. First hypothesized by Wolfgang Pauli in 1931, the existence of neutrinos was not proven until 1956, by Drs. Frederick Reines and Clyde Cowan of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. In a collaborative effort between Japan and the US (at the Kamioka Neutrino Observatory), scientists recently reported their findings at a Neutrino Conference in Japan.

Harris, Kathryn L.

113

Neutrinos from AGN  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The great penetrating power of neutrinos makes them ideal probe of astrophysical sites and conditions inaccessible to other forms of radiation. These are the centers of stars (collapsing or not) and the centers of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). It has been suggested that AGN presented a very promising source of high energy neutrinos, possibly detectable by underwater neutrino detectors. This paper reviews the evolution of ideas concerning the emission of neutrinos from AGN in view of the more recent developments in gamma-ray astronomy and their implications for the neutrino emission from these class of objects.

Kazanas, Demosthenes; White, Nicholas E. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

114

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The size of a ten-story building, 6800 feet underground at the Creighton mine in Ontario; the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is a telescope built to study neutrinos and the core of the sun. Students can learn how Cherenkov Radiation is produced and used to detect neutrino properties. Scientists can read the newly published paper dealing with the measurement of Total Active 8B Solar Neutrino Flux using NaCl, as well as other published papers and Conference Proceedings. The site also offers illustrations such as neutrinos striking heavy water and the attractive Double-Ring Event.

115

The Neutrino Eye: A Megaton Low Energy Neutrino  

E-print Network

The Neutrino Eye: A Megaton Low Energy Neutrino and Nucleon Decay Detector John G. Learned neutrino detector with energy sensitivity reaching down to the solar neutrino scale. The technique, could follow up on the SuperK observations of oscillations in atmospheric neutrinos, advance about

Learned, John

116

13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS  

E-print Network

13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS Updated May 2012 by K. Nakamura, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences). The experiments with solar, atmospheric, reactor and accelerator neutrinos have provided compelling evidences for oscillations of neutrinos caused by nonzero neutrino masses

117

Neutrino cosmology and Planck  

E-print Network

Relic neutrinos play an important role in the evolution of the Universe, modifying some of the cosmological observables. We summarize the main aspects of cosmological neutrinos and describe how the precision of present cosmological data can be used to learn about neutrino properties. In particular, we discuss how cosmology provides information on the absolute scale of neutrino masses, complementary to beta decay and neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. We explain why the combination of Planck temperature data with measurements of the baryon acoustic oscillation angular scale provides a strong bound on the sum of neutrino masses, 0.23 eV at the 95% confidence level, while the lensing potential spectrum and the cluster mass function measured by Planck are compatible with larger values. We also review the constraints from current data on other neutrino properties. Finally, we describe the very good perspectives from future cosmological measurements, which are expected to be sensitive to neutrino masses cl...

Lesgourgues, Julien

2014-01-01

118

Democratic Neutrino Theory  

E-print Network

New theory of neutrino masses and mixing is introduced. This theory is based on a simple S_3 symmetric democratic neutrino mass matrix, and predicts the neutrino mass spectrum of normal ordering. Taking into account the matter effect and proper averaging of the oscillations, this theory agrees with the variety of atmospheric, solar and accelerator neutrino data. Moreover, the absolute scale of the neutrino masses m of 0.03 eV is determined in this theory, using the atmospheric neutrino oscillation data. In case of tiny perturbations in the democratic mass matrix only one this scale parameter m allows to explain the mentioned above neutrino results, and the theory has huge predictive power.

Dmitry Zhuridov

2014-05-21

119

Neutrino Oscillations Physics 135c  

E-print Network

Neutrino Oscillations Gary Cheng Physics 135c 6/1/07 #12;Introduction: Theory Neutrinos have mass neutrinos are produced. The difference between the mass eigenstates and the flavor eigenstates of neutrinos is what causes neutrino oscillations. #12;Introduction: Theory 2 The mass eigenstates 1, 2, 3

Golwala, Sunil

120

Fourth Light at Paranal!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

VLT YEPUN Joins ANTU, KUEYEN and MELIPAL It was a historical moment last night (September 3 - 4, 2000) in the VLT Control Room at the Paranal Observatory , after nearly 15 years of hard work. Finally, four teams of astronomers and engineers were sitting at the terminals - and each team with access to an 8.2-m telescope! From now on, the powerful "Paranal Quartet" will be observing night after night, with a combined mirror surface of more than 210 m 2. And beginning next year, some of them will be linked to form part of the unique VLT Interferometer with unparalleled sensitivity and image sharpness. YEPUN "First Light" Early in the evening, the fourth 8.2-m Unit Telescope, YEPUN , was pointed to the sky for the first time and successfully achieved "First Light". Following a few technical exposures, a series of "first light" photos was made of several astronomical objects with the VLT Test Camera. This instrument was also used for the three previous "First Light" events for ANTU ( May 1998 ), KUEYEN ( March 1999 ) and MELIPAL ( January 2000 ). These images served to evaluate provisionally the performance of the new telescope, mainly in terms of mechanical and optical quality. The ESO staff were very pleased with the results and pronounced YEPUN fit for the subsequent commissioning phase. When the name YEPUN was first given to the fourth VLT Unit Telescope, it was supposed to mean "Sirius" in the Mapuche language. However, doubts have since arisen about this translation and a detailed investigation now indicates that the correct meaning is "Venus" (as the Evening Star). For a detailed explanation, please consult the essay On the Meaning of "YEPUN" , now available at the ESO website. The first images At 21:39 hrs local time (01:39 UT), YEPUN was turned to point in the direction of a dense Milky Way field, near the border between the constellations Sagitta (The Arrow) and Aquila (The Eagle). A guide star was acquired and the active optics system quickly optimized the mirror system. At 21:44 hrs (01:44 UT), the Test Camera at the Cassegrain focus within the M1 mirror cell was opened for 30 seconds, with the planetary nebula Hen 2-428 in the field. The resulting "First Light" image was immediately read out and appeared on the computer screen at 21:45:53 hrs (01:45:53 UT). "Not bad! - "Very nice!" were the first, "business-as-usual"-like comments in the room. The zenith distance during this observation was 44° and the image quality was measured as 0.9 arcsec, exactly the same as that registered by the Seeing Monitoring Telescope outside the telescope building. There was some wind. ESO PR Photo 22a/00 ESO PR Photo 22a/00 [Preview - JPEG: 374 x 400 pix - 128k] [Normal - JPEG: 978 x 1046 pix - 728k] Caption : ESO PR Photo 22a/00 shows a colour composite of some of the first astronomical exposures obtained by YEPUN . The object is the planetary nebula Hen 2-428 that is located at a distance of 6,000-8,000 light-years and seen in a dense sky field, only 2° from the main plane of the Milky Way. As other planetary nebulae, it is caused by a dying star (the bluish object at the centre) that shreds its outer layers. The image is based on exposures through three optical filtres: B(lue) (10 min exposure, seeing 0.9 arcsec; here rendered as blue), V(isual) (5 min; 0.9 arcsec; green) and R(ed) (3 min; 0.9 arcsec; red). The field measures 88 x 78 arcsec 2 (1 pixel = 0.09 arcsec). North is to the lower right and East is to the lower left. The 5-day old Moon was about 90° away in the sky that was accordingly bright. The zenith angle was 44°. The ESO staff then proceeded to take a series of three photos with longer exposures through three different optical filtres. They have been combined to produce the image shown in ESO PR Photo 22a/00 . More astronomical images were obtained in sequence, first of the dwarf galaxy NGC 6822 in the Local Group (see PR Photo 22f/00 below) and then of the spiral galaxy NGC 7793 . All 8.2-m telesco

2000-09-01

121

Experimental Neutrino Physics  

E-print Network

It's been a remarkable decade in neutrino physics. Ten years ago this summer, at the 1998 neutrino conference in Takayama, the Super-Kamiokande collaboration reported the observation of neutrinos changing flavor, thereby establishing the existence of neutrino mass. A few years later, the SNO experiment solved the long-standing solar neutrino problem demonstrating that it too was due to neutrino oscillation. Just a few years after that, these effects were confirmed and the oscillation parameters were measured with man-made neutrino sources. Now, just in this last year, the same neutrinos which were the source of the 30 year old solar neutrino problem were measured for the first time in a real-time experiment. In this talk, I will explain how a set of experiments, especially ones in the last few years, have established a consistent framework of neutrino physics and also explain some outstanding questions. Finally, I will cover how a set of upcoming experiments hope to address these questions in the coming decade.

Christopher W. Walter

2008-10-22

122

Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Results  

E-print Network

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory uses 1000 tonnes of heavy water in an ultra-clean Cherenkov detector situated 2 km underground in Ontario, Canada to study neutrinos from the Sun and other astrophysical sources. The Charged Current (CC) reaction on deuterium is sensitive only to electron neutrinos whereas the Neutral Current (NC) is equally sensitive to all active neutrino types. By measuring the flux of neutrinos from 8B decay in the Sun with the CC and NC reactions it has been possible to establish clearly, through an appearance measurement, that electron neutrinos change to other active neutrino types, properties that are beyond the Standard Model of elementary particles. The observed total flux of active neutrinos agrees well with solar model flux calculations for 8B. This provides a clear answer to the "Solar Neutrino Problem". When these results are combined with other measurements, the oscillation of massive neutrinos is strongly defined as the primary mechanism for flavor change and oscillation parameters are well constrained.

A. B. McDonald; for the SNO Collaboration

2004-12-22

123

Atmospheric neutrino oscillations and tau neutrinos in ice  

E-print Network

The main goal of the IceCube Deep Core Array is to search for neutrinos of astrophysical origins. Atmospheric neutrinos are commonly considered as a background for these searches. We show here that cascade measurements in the Ice Cube Deep Core Array can provide strong evidence for tau neutrino appearance in atmospheric neutrino oscillations. A careful study of these tau neutrinos is crucial, since they constitute an irreducible background for astrophysical neutrino detection.

Gerardo Giordano; Olga Mena; Irina Mocioiu

2010-04-20

124

Search for long-lived massive neutrinos in Z decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We search for events in the Mark II detector at SLAC Linear Collider with the topology of a Z boson decaying into a pair of long-lived massive particles. No events that are consistent with the search hypothesis are found. Interpreting the long-lived particle as a sequential Dirac neutrino ?4 of the fourth generation, we exclude at the 95% confidence level a significant range of mixing-matrix elements of ?4 to other-generation neutrinos for a ?4 mass from 10 to 43 GeV/c2.

Jung, C. K.; van Kooten, R.; Abrams, G. S.; Adolphsen, C. E.; Averill, D.; Ballam, J.; Barish, B. C.; Barklow, T.; Barnett, B. A.; Bartelt, J.; Bethke, S.; Blockus, D.; Bonvicini, G.; Boyarski, A.; Brabson, B.; Breakstone, A.; Bulos, F.; Burchat, P. R.; Burke, D. L.; Cence, R. J.; Chapman, J.; Chmeissani, M.; Cords, D.; Coupal, D. P.; Dauncey, P.; Destaebler, H. C.; Dorfan, D. E.; Dorfan, J. M.; Drewer, D. C.; Elia, R.; Feldman, G. J.; Fernandes, D.; Field, R. C.; Ford, W. T.; Fordham, C.; Frey, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K. K.; Gatto, C.; Gero, E.; Gidal, G.; Glanzman, T.; Goldhaber, G.; Gomez Cadenas, J. J.; Gratta, G.; Grindhammer, G.; Grosse-Wiesmann, P.; Hanson, G.; Harr, R.; Harral, B.; Harris, F. A.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hayes, K.; Hearty, C.; Heusch, C. A.; Hildreth, M. D.; Himel, T.; Hinshaw, D. A.; Hong, S. J.; Hutchinson, D.; Hylen, J.; Innes, W. R.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Jaros, J. A.; Kadyk, J. A.; Kent, J.; King, M.; Klein, S. R.; Koetke, D. S.; Komamiya, S.; Koska, W.; Kowalski, L. A.; Kozanecki, W.; Kral, J. F.; Kuhlen, M.; Labarga, L.; Lankford, A. J.; Larsen, R. R.; Le Diberder, F.; Levi, M. E.; Litke, A. M.; Lou, X. C.; Lüth, V.; McKenna, J. A.; Matthews, J. A.; Mattison, T.; Milliken, B. D.; Moffeit, K. C.; Munger, C. T.; Murray, W. N.; Nash, J.; Ogren, H.; O'shaughnessy, K. F.; Parker, S. I.; Peck, C.; Perl, M. L.; Perrier, F.; Petradza, M.; Pitthan, R.; Porter, F. C.; Rankin, P.; Riles, K.; Rouse, F. R.; Rust, D. R.; Sadrozinski, H. F.; Schaad, M. W.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Smith, J. G.; Snyder, A.; Soderstrom, E.; Stoker, D. P.; Stroynowski, R.; Swartz, M.; Thun, R.; Trilling, G. H.; Voruganti, P.; Wagner, S. R.; Watson, S.; Weber, P.; Weigend, A.; Weinstein, A. J.; Weir, A. J.; Wicklund, E.; Woods, M.; Wu, D. Y.; Yurko, M.; Zaccardelli, C.; von Zanthier, C.

1990-03-01

125

Understanding the Fourth-Grade Slump: Our Point of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators know that an achievement gap exists between students of low-income and middle-income families, a gap that is especially evident in fourth grade and beyond. This essay explores issues related to this gap, including primary-level children being immersed in narrative text and, therefore, unprepared for the challenges of informational text…

Sanacore, Joseph; Palumbo, Anthony

2009-01-01

126

Acquiring information about neutrino parameters by detecting supernova neutrinos  

SciTech Connect

We consider the supernova shock effects, the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein effects, the collective effects, and the Earth matter effects in the detection of type II supernova neutrinos on the Earth. It is found that the event number of supernova neutrinos depends on the neutrino mass hierarchy, the neutrino mixing angle {theta}{sub 13}, and neutrino masses. Therefore, we propose possible methods to identify the mass hierarchy and acquire information about {theta}{sub 13} and neutrino masses by detecting supernova neutrinos. We apply these methods to some current neutrino experiments.

Huang, Ming-Yang; Guo, Xin-Heng [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Young, Bing-Lin [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 5001 (United States); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2010-08-01

127

Galactic Neutrino Communication  

E-print Network

We examine the possibility to employ neutrinos to communicate within the galaxy. We discuss various issues associated with transmission and reception, and suggest that the resonant neutrino energy near 6.3 PeV may be most appropriate. In one scheme we propose to make Z^o particles in an overtaking e^+ - e^- collider such that the resulting decay neutrinos are near the W^- resonance on electrons in the laboratory. Information is encoded via time structure of the beam. In another scheme we propose to use a 30 PeV pion accelerator to create neutrino or anti-neutrino beams. The latter encodes information via the particle/anti-particle content of the beam, as well as timing. Moreover, the latter beam requires far less power, and can be accomplished with presently foreseeable technology. Such signals from an advanced civilization, should they exist, will be eminently detectable in neutrino detectors now under construction.

John G. Learned; Sandip Pakvasa; A. Zee

2008-05-16

128

The Sound of Neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutrinos are predicted to originate from high energy phenomena in the Universe and cover a broad energy spectrum. For neutrino energies in the EeV range and above, cubic kilometer scale Cherenkov neutrino telescopes might be too small to detect the faint fluxes expected by several models. Acoustic detection is a promising alternative to the current neutrino detection techniques at those extreme energies. It is based on the fact that a neutrino-induced particle cascade in water generates a sound wave with an attenuation length in the order of one kilometer, which can be detected by an array of sparsely distributed sensor elements. Several projects around the world are currently investigating the feasibility of acoustic particle detection, making use of military acoustic arrays as well as dedicated detectors. The principles of acoustic neutrino detection will be explained, ongoing projects introduced and selected results presented.

Richardt, C.; Anton, G.; Graf, K.; Hößl, J.; Katz, U.; Lahmann, R.; Neff, M.

2010-04-01

129

Paradoxes of neutrino oscillations  

SciTech Connect

Despite the theory of neutrino oscillations being rather old, some of its basic issues are still being debated in the literature. We discuss a number of such issues, including the relevance of the 'same energy' and 'same momentum' assumptions, the role of quantum-mechanical uncertainty relations in neutrino oscillations, the dependence of the coherence and localization conditions that ensure the observability of neutrino oscillations on neutrino energy and momentum uncertainties, the question of (in)dependence of the oscillation probabilities on the neutrino production and detection processes, and the applicability limits of the stationary-source approximation. We also develop a novel approach to calculation of the oscillation probability in the wave-packet approach, based on the summation/integration conventions different from the standard one, which allows a new insight into the 'same energy' vs. 'same momentum' problem. We also discuss a number of apparently paradoxical features of the theory of neutrino oscillations.

Akhmedov, E. Kh., E-mail: akhmedov@mpi-hd.mpg.d [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik (Germany); Smirnov, A. Yu., E-mail: smirnov@ictp.i [The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (Italy)

2009-08-15

130

Spectroscopy of solar neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last years, liquid-scintillator detectors have opened a new window for the observation of low-energetic astrophysical neutrino sources. In 2007, the solar neutrino experiment Borexino began its data-taking in the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. High energy resolution and excellent radioactive background conditions in the detector allow the first-time spectroscopic measurement of solar neutrinos in the sub-MeV energy regime. The experimental results of the Beryllium 7 neutrino flux measurements (Arpesella et al. 2008b) as well as the prospects for the detection of solar Boron 8, pep and CNO neutrinos are presented in the context of the currently discussed ambiguities in solar metallicity. In addition, the potential of the future SNO+ and LENA experiments for high-precision solar neutrino spectroscopy will be outlined.

Wurm, M.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Göger-Neff, M.; Lachenmaier, T.; Lewke, T.; Meindl, Q.; Möllenberg, R.; Oberauer, L.; Potzel, W.; Tippmann, M.; Traunsteiner, C.; Winter, J.

2010-05-01

131

Solar neutrino detection  

E-print Network

More than 40 years ago, neutrinos where conceived as a way to test the validity of the solar models which tell us that stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. The first measurement of the neutrino flux, in 1968 in the Homestake mine in South Dakota, detected only one third of the expected value, originating what has been known as the Solar Neutrino Problem. Different experiments were built in order to understand the origin of this discrepancy. Now we know that neutrinos undergo oscillation phenomenon changing their nature traveling from the core of the Sun to our detectors. In the work the 40 year long saga of the neutrino detection is presented; from the first proposals to test the solar models to last real time measurements of the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.

Lino Miramonti

2009-01-22

132

Accelerator neutrino program at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

The accelerator neutrino programme in the USA consists primarily of the Fermilab neutrino programme. Currently, Fermilab operates two neutrino beamlines, the Booster neutrino beamline and the NuMI neutrino beamline and is the planning stages for a third neutrino beam to send neutrinos to DUSEL. The experiments in the Booster neutrino beamline are miniBooNE, SciBooNE and in the future microBooNE, whereas in the NuMI beamline we have MINOS, ArgoNut, MINERVA and coming soon NOvA. The major experiment in the beamline to DUSEL will be LBNE.

Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

2010-05-01

133

Neutrinos from Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-print Network

We show that the detection of neutrinos from a typical gamma ray burst requires a kilometer-scale detector. We argue that large bursts should be visible with the neutrino telescopes under construction. We emphasize the 3 techniques by which neutrino telescopes can perform this search: by triggering on i) bursts of muons from muon neutrinos, ii) muons from air cascades initiated by high energy gamma rays and iii) showers made by relatively low energy ($\\simeq 100\\,\\mev$) electron neutrinos. Timing of neutrino-photon coincidences may yield a measurement of the neutrino mass to order $10^{-5}$~eV, an interesting range in light of the solar neutrino anomaly.

F. Halzen; G. Jaczko

1996-02-07

134

Neutrinos in the Electron  

SciTech Connect

I will show that one half of the rest mass of the electron consists of electron neutrinos and that the other half of the rest mass of the electron consists of the mass in the energy of electric oscillations. With this composition we can explain the rest mass of the electron, its charge, its spin and its magnetic moment We have also determined the rest masses of the muon neutrino and the electron neutrino.

Koschmieder, E. L. [Center for Statistical Mechanics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin TX 78712 (United States)

2007-04-28

135

Massive neutrinos and cosmology  

E-print Network

Cosmology can provide information on the absolute scale of neutrino masses, complementary to the results of tritium beta decay and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. We show how the analysis of data from the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background radiation and from the distribution of cosmological large-scale structure, combined with other experimental results, provides an upper bound on the sum of neutrino masses. We also discuss the sensitivity of future cosmological data to neutrino masses.

Sergio Pastor

2005-05-17

136

Cosmology and neutrino masses  

SciTech Connect

Neutrinos can play an important role in the evolution of the Universe, modifying some of the cosmological observables. We describe how the precision of present cosmological data can be used to learn about neutrino properties, in particular their mass. We show how the analysis of current cosmological observations provides an upper bound on the sum of neutrino masses, with improved sensitivity from future cosmological measurements.

Pastor, Sergio [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (CSIC-Universitat de Valencia), Apdo. correos 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

2007-06-19

137

Borexino and solar neutrinos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Borexino, a large volume detector for low energy neutrino spectroscopy, is currently running underground at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. The measured in- teraction rate of the 0.862 MeV 7Be neutrinos equals to 49 3stat 4syst counts\\/(day 100 ton). The hypothesis of no oscillation for 7Be solar neutrinos is inconsistent with the Borexino measurement at the 4 C.L..

I. N. Machulina; C. Arpesella; M. Balata; G. Bellini; J. Benziger; S. Bonetti; A. Brigatti; B. Cac; L. Cadonati; F. Calaprice; C. Carraro; G. Cecchet; A. Chavarria; M. Chen; D. D'Angelo; A. de Bari; A. de Bellefon; A. Derbin; M. Deutsch; A. di Credico; R. Eisenstein; F. Elisei; A. Etenko; R. Fernholz; K. Fomenko; R. Ford; D. Franco; B. Freudiger; C. Galbiati; F. Gatti; S. Gazzana; M. Giammarchi; D. Giugni; M. Goeger; T. Goldbrunner; A. Goretti; C. Grieb; C. Hagner; W. Hampel; E. Harding; S. Hardy; F. X. Hartman; T. Hertrich; G. Heusser; Aldo Ianni; Andrea Ianni; M. Joyce; J. Kiko; T. Kirsten; V. Kobychev; G. Korga; G. Korschinek; D. Kryn; V. Lagomarsino; P. Lamarche; M. Lauben; C. Lendvai; M. Leung; T. Lewke; E. Litvinovich; B. Loer; P. Lombardi; L. Ludhova; I. Machulin; S. Malvezzi; S. Manecki; J. Maneira; W. Maneschg; I. Manno; D. Manuzio; G. Manuzio; A. Martemianov; F. Masetti; U. Mazzucato; K. McCarty; D. McKinsey; Q. Meindl; E. Meroni; L. Miramonti; M. Misiaszek; D. Montanari; M. E. Monzani; V. Muratova; P. Mu; H. Neder; A. Nelson; L. Niedermeier; L. Oberauer; M. Obolensky; M. Orsini; F. Ortica; M. Pallavicini; L. Papp; S. Parmeggiano; L. Perasso; A. Pocar; R. S. Raghavan; G. Ranucci; W. Rau; A. Razeto; E. Resconi; P. Risso; A. Romani; D. Rountree; A. Sabelnikov; R. Sal; C. Salvo; D. Schimizzi; S. Schonert; T. Shutt; H. Simgen; M. Skorokhvatov; O. Smirnov; A. Sonnenschein; A. Sotnikov; S. Sukhotin; Y. Suvorov; R. Tartaglia; G. Testera; D. Vignaud; S. Vitale; R. B. Vogelaar; F. von Feilitzsch; R. von Hentig; T. von Hentig; M. Wojcik; M. Wurm; O. Zaimidoroga; S. Zavatarelli; G. Zuzel

138

Neutrinos: Nature's Ghosts?  

SciTech Connect

Dr. Don Lincoln introduces one of the most fascinating inhabitants of the subatomic realm: the neutrino. Neutrinos are ghosts of the microworld, almost not interacting at all. In this video, he describes some of their properties and how they were discovered. Studies of neutrinos are expected to be performed at many laboratories across the world and to form one of the cornerstones of the Fermilab research program for the next decade or more.

Lincoln, Don

2013-06-18

139

Neutrinos: Nature's Ghosts?  

ScienceCinema

Dr. Don Lincoln introduces one of the most fascinating inhabitants of the subatomic realm: the neutrino. Neutrinos are ghosts of the microworld, almost not interacting at all. In this video, he describes some of their properties and how they were discovered. Studies of neutrinos are expected to be performed at many laboratories across the world and to form one of the cornerstones of the Fermilab research program for the next decade or more.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-12

140

Neutrinos in supernovae  

SciTech Connect

The role of neutrinos in Type II supernovae is discussed. An overall view of the neutrino luminosity as expected theoretically is presented. The different weak interactions involved are assessed from the standpoint of how they exchange energy, momentum, and lepton number. Particular attention is paid to entropy generation and the path to thermal and chemical equilibration, and to the phenomenon of trapping. Various methods used to calculate the neutrino flows are considered. These include trapping and leakage schemes, distribution-averaged transfer, and multi-energy group methods. The information obtained from the neutrinos caught from Supernova 1987a is briefly evaluated. 55 refs., 7 figs.

Cooperstein, J.

1986-10-01

141

Neutrino-nucleus interactions  

SciTech Connect

The study of neutrino oscillations has necessitated a new generation of neutrino experiments that are exploring neutrino-nuclear scattering processes. We focus in particular on charged-current quasi-elastic scattering, a particularly important channel that has been extensively investigated both in the bubble-chamber era and by current experiments. Recent results have led to theoretical reexamination of this process. We review the standard picture of quasi-elastic scattering as developed in electron scattering, review and discuss experimental results, and discuss additional nuclear effects such as exchange currents and short-range correlations that may play a significant role in neutrino-nucleus scattering.

Gallagher, H.; /Tufts U.; Garvey, G.; /Los Alamos; Zeller, G.P.; /Fermilab

2011-01-01

142

Neutrino physics from Cosmology  

E-print Network

In recent years precision cosmology has become an increasingly powerful probe of particle physics. Perhaps the prime example of this is the very stringent cosmological upper bound on the neutrino mass. However, other aspects of neutrino physics, such as their decoupling history and possible non-standard interactions, can also be probed using observations of cosmic structure. Here, I review the current status of cosmological bounds on neutrino properties and discuss the potential of future observations, for example by the recently approved EUCLID mission, to precisely measure neutrino properties.

Steen Hannestad

2013-11-04

143

Baryogenesis via neutrino oscillations  

E-print Network

We propose a new mechanism of leptogenesis in which the asymmetries in lepton numbers are produced through the CP-violating oscillations of ``sterile'' (electroweak singlet) neutrinos. The asymmetry is communicated from singlet neutrinos to ordinary leptons through their Yukawa couplings. The lepton asymmetry is then reprocessed into baryon asymmetry by electroweak sphalerons. We show that the observed value of baryon asymmetry can be generated in this way, and the masses of ordinary neutrinos induced by the seesaw mechanism are in the astrophysically and cosmologically interesting range. Except for singlet neutrinos, no physics beyond the Standard Model is required.

E. Kh. Akhmedov; V. A. Rubakov; A. Yu. Smirnov

1998-03-05

144

Study of the neutrino mass hierarchy with the atmospheric neutrino data observed in Super-Kamiokande  

E-print Network

dierences m2 12 and m2 32, three mixing angles 12, 23, 13, and the CP phase parameter CP , and the mass-neutrino enriched samples with likelihood method is also presented. Sensitivity study shows that the newly developed in Japan. Lastly, I would like to express my deep gratitude to my family who support me all the time. i #12

Tokyo, University of

145

Neutrino energy loss in stellar interiors. V - Recombination neutrino process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The neutrino energy loss rates due to recombination neutrino process are calculated for nonrelative electrons in the framework of the Weinberg-Salam theory. The Coulomb distortion effects for the electrons in the continuum states are accurately taken into account. These effects reduce the neutrino energy loss rates drastically, by more than 1.5 orders of magnitude. Comparison with other neutrino processes is

Yasuharu Kohyama; Naoki Itoh; Akihiko Obama; Haruhiko Mutoh

1993-01-01

146

Solar Neutrino Experiments Neutrinos are ghostlike particles that  

E-print Network

#12;Solar Neutrino Experiments Neutrinos are ghostlike particles that were postulated by Wolfgang investigat- ing neutrinos that were produced in Brookhaven's Graphite Research Reactor and at a reactor to Davis's major triumph, which came in the early 1970s, when he successfully de- tected solar neutrinos

147

Neutrino-oscillatie en het Mobauer neutrino experiment  

E-print Network

Neutrino-oscillatie en het M¨o�bauer neutrino experiment Martijn Jongen Augustus 2011 0 0.2 0.4 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 5 Neutrino-oscillaties in beeld 23 5.1 Periode en amplitude voor een algemeen golfpakket . . . . . . . . . 29 6 Het M¨o�bauer neutrino experiment 29 6.1 Resonantie

van Suijlekom, Walter

148

Advanced Neutrino Sources (Neutrino Factories and Beta Beams)  

E-print Network

Advanced Neutrino Sources (Neutrino Factories and Beta Beams) · Design · R&D Status · Remaining R neutrino sources would be designed to go beyond the planned few-sigma discoveries (13, mass hierarchy, CPV uncertainties on neutrino flux & spectra are small PRECISION · Initial beams are flavor "pure" (BB) or "tagged

149

Neutrino-nucleus coherent scattering as a probe of neutron density distributions  

E-print Network

Neutrino-nucleus coherent elastic scattering provides a theoretically appealing way to measure the neutron part of nuclear form factors. Using an expansion of form factors into moments, we show that neutrinos from stopped pions can probe not only the second moment of the form factor (the neutron radius) but also the fourth moment. Using simple Monte Carlo techniques for argon, germanium, and xenon detectors of 3.5 tonnes, 1.5 tonnes, and 300 kg, respectively, we show that the neutron radii can be found with an uncertainty of a few percent when near a neutrino flux of $3\\times10^{7}$ neutrinos/cm$^{2}$/s. If the normalization of the neutrino flux is known independently, one can determine the moments accurately enough to discriminate among the predictions of various nuclear energy functionals.

Kelly Patton; Jonathan Engel; Gail C. McLaughlin; Nicolas Schunck

2012-07-03

150

Fourth sound of holographic superfluids  

E-print Network

We compute fourth sound for superfluids dual to a charged scalar and a gauge field in an AdS_4 background. For holographic superfluids with condensates that have a large scaling dimension (greater than approximately two), we find that fourth sound approaches first sound at low temperatures. For condensates that a have a small scaling dimension it exhibits non-conformal behavior at low temperatures which may be tied to the non-conformal behavior of the order parameter of the superfluid. We show that by introducing an appropriate scalar potential, conformal invariance can be enforced at low temperatures.

Amos Yarom

2009-03-09

151

Cosmological Neutrino Mass Detection: The Best Probe of Neutrino Lifetime  

SciTech Connect

Future cosmological data may be sensitive to the effects of a finite sum of neutrino masses even as small as {approx}0.06 eV, the lower limit guaranteed by neutrino oscillation experiments. We show that a cosmological detection of neutrino mass at that level would improve by many orders of magnitude the existing limits on neutrino lifetime, and as a consequence, on neutrino secret interactions with (quasi)massless particles as in Majoron models. On the other hand, neutrino decay may provide a way out to explain a discrepancy < or approx. 0.1 eV between cosmic neutrino bounds and lab data.

Serpico, Pasquale D. [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510-0500 (United States)

2007-04-27

152

Cosmological neutrino mass detection: The Best probe of neutrino lifetime  

SciTech Connect

Future cosmological data may be sensitive to the effects of a finite sum of neutrino masses even as small as {approx}0.06 eV, the lower limit guaranteed by neutrino oscillation experiments. We show that a cosmological detection of neutrino mass at that level would improve by many orders of magnitude the existing limits on neutrino lifetime, and as a consequence on neutrino secret interactions with (quasi-)massless particles as in majoron models. On the other hand, neutrino decay may provide a way-out to explain a discrepancy {approx}< 0.1 eV between cosmic neutrino bounds and Lab data.

Serpico, Pasquale D.; /Fermilab

2007-01-01

153

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is a 1000 tonne heavy water Cerenkov detector built to observe neutrinos from the sun and from supernovae. It is located deep underground to reduce the cosmic background radiation to negligible levels. The observatory is nearing completion and will commence full data taking early in 1999. Some aspects of its design and construction, and some of

R. L. Helmer; R. L. Hahn; J. K. Rowley; A. L. Carter; B. Hollebone; D. Kessler; I. Blevis; F. Dalnoki-Veress; A. DeKok; J. Farine; D. R. Grant; C. K. Hargrove; G. Laberge; I. Levine; K. McFarlane; H. Mes; A. T. Noble; V. M. Novikov; M. O'Neill; M. Shatkay; C. Shewchuk; D. Sinclair; E. T. H. Clifford; R. Deal; E. D. Earle; E. Gaudette; G. Milton; B. Sur; J. Bigu; J. H. M. Cowan; D. L. Cluff; E. D. Hallman; R. U. Haq; J. Hewett; J. G. Hykawy; G. Jonkmans; R. Michaud; A. Roberge; J. Roberts; E. Saettler; M. H. Schwendener; H. Seifert; D. Sweezey; R. Tafirout; C. J. Virtue; D. N. Beck; Y. D. Chan; X. Chen; M. R. Dragowsky; F. W. Dycus; J. Gonzalez; M. C. P. Isaac; Y. Kajiyama; G. W. Koehler; K. T. Lesko; M. C. Moebus; E. B. Norman; C. E. Okada; A. W. P. Poon; P. Purgalis; A. Schuelke; A. R. Smith; R. G. Stokstad; S. Turner; I. Zlimen; J. M. Anaya; T. J. Bowles; S. J. Brice; E.-I. Esch; M. M. Fowler; A. Goldschmidt; A. Hime; A. F. McGirt; G. G. Miller; W. A. Teasdale; J. B. Wilhelmy; J. M. Wouters; J. D. Anglin; M. Bercovitch; W. F. Davidson; R. S. Storey; S. Biller; R. A. Black; R. J. Boardman; M. G. Bowler; J. Cameron; B. Cleveland; A. P. Ferraris; G. Doucas; H. Heron; C. Howard; N. A. Jelley; A. B. Knox; M. Lay; W. Locke; J. Lyon; S. Majerus; M. Moorhead; M. Omori; N. W. Tanner; R. K. Taplin; M. Thorman; D. L. Wark; J. C. Barton; P. T. Trent; R. Kouzes; M. M. Lowry; A. L. Bell; E. Bonvin; M. Boulay; M. Dayon; F. Duncan; L. S. Erhardt; H. C. Evans; G. T. Ewan; R. Ford; A. Hallin; A. Hamer; P. M. Hart; P. J. Harvey; D. Haslip; C. A. W. Hearns; R. Heaton; J. D. Hepburn; C. J. Jillings; E. P. Korpach; H. W. Lee; J. R. Leslie; M.-Q. Liu; H. B. Mak; A. B. McDonald; J. D. MacArthur; W. McLatchie; B. A. Moffat; S. Noel; T. J. Radcliffe; B. C. Robertson; P. Skensved; R. L. Stevenson; X. Zhu; S. Gil; J. Heise; R. J. Komar; C. W. Nally; H. S. Ng; C. E. Waltham; R. C. Allen; G. Bühler; H. H. Chen; G. Aardsma; T. Andersen; K. Cameron; M. C. Chon; R. H. Hanson; P. Jagam; J. Karn; J. Law; R. W. Ollerhead; J. J. Simpson; N. Tagg; J.-X. Wang; C. Alexander; E. W. Beier; J. C. Cook; D. F. Cowen; E. D. Frank; W. Frati; P. T. Keener; J. R. Klein; G. Mayers; D. S. McDonald; M. S. Neubauer; F. M. Newcomer; R. J. Pearce; R. G. V. de Water; R. V. Berg; P. Wittich; Q. R. Ahmad; J. M. Beck; M. C. Browne; T. H. Burritt; P. J. Doe; C. A. Duba; S. R. Elliott; J. E. Franklin; J. V. Germani; P. Green; A. A. Hamian; K. M. Heeger; M. Howe; R. M. Drees; A. Myers; R. G. H. Robertson; M. W. E. Smith; T. D. Steiger; T. V. Wechel; J. F. Wilkerson

2000-01-01

154

Monte Carlo Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

We demonstrate that the effects of matter upon neutrino propagation may be recast as the scattering of the initial neutrino wavefunction. Exchanging the differential, Schrodinger equation for an integral equation for the scattering matrix S permits a Monte Carlo method for the computation of S that removes many of the numerical difficulties associated with direct integration techniques.

James P. Kneller; Gail C. McLaughlin

2005-09-29

155

Monte Carlo neutrino oscillations  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate that the effects of matter upon neutrino propagation may be recast as the scattering of the initial neutrino wave function. Exchanging the differential, Schrodinger equation for an integral equation for the scattering matrix S permits a Monte Carlo method for the computation of S that removes many of the numerical difficulties associated with direct integration techniques.

Kneller, James P. [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States); School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); McLaughlin, Gail C. [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States)

2006-03-01

156

Neutrino Counter Nuclear Weapon  

E-print Network

Radiations produced by neutrino-antineutrino annihilation at the Z0 pole can be used to heat up the primary stage of a thermonuclear warhead and can in principle detonate the device remotely. Neutrino-antineutrino annihilation can also be used as a tactical assault weapon to target hideouts that are unreachable by conventional means.

Tang, Alfred

2008-01-01

157

Status of neutrino astronomy  

E-print Network

Astrophysical neutrinos can be produced in proton interactions of charged cosmic rays with ambient photon or baryonic fields. Cosmic rays are observed in balloon, satellite and air shower experiments every day, from below 1e9 eV up to macroscopic energies of 1e21 eV. The observation of different photon fields has been done ever since, today with detections ranging from radio wavelengths up to very high-energy photons in the TeV range. The leading question for neutrino astronomers is now which sources provide a combination of efficient proton acceleration with sufficiently high photon fields or baryonic targets at the same time in order to produce a neutrino flux that is high enough to exceed the background of atmospheric neutrinos. There are only two confirmed astrophysical neutrino sources up to today: the sun and SuperNova 1987A emit and emitted neutrinos at MeV energies. The aim of large underground Cherenkov telescopes like IceCube and KM3NeT is the detection of neutrinos at energies above 100 GeV. In this paper, recent developments of neutrino flux modeling for the most promising extragalactic sources, gamma ray bursts and active galactic nuclei, are presented.

Julia K. Becker

2008-11-05

158

Neutrino Counter Nuclear Weapon  

E-print Network

Radiations produced by neutrino-antineutrino annihilation at the Z0 pole can be used to heat up the primary stage of a thermonuclear warhead and can in principle detonate the device remotely. Neutrino-antineutrino annihilation can also be used as a tactical assault weapon to target hideouts that are unreachable by conventional means.

Alfred Tang

2008-05-26

159

Neutrino Physics (Rapporteur talk)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Papers related to neutrino physics, submitted in the categories NU-EX (experimental results), NU-IN (methods, techniques, and instrumentation) and NU-TH (theory, model, and simulations) are reviewed with a brief introduction on the current understanding of neutrino masses and mixings.

Nakahata, Masayuki

2014-10-01

160

Wroclaw neutrino event generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A neutrino event generator developed by the Wroclaw Neutrino Group is described. The physical models included in the generator are discussed and illustrated with the results of simulations. The considered processes are quasi-elastic scattering and pion production modelled by combining the ? resonance excitation and deep inelastic scattering.

Nowak, J. A.

2006-10-01

161

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

SciTech Connect

A report is given on the status of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, presently under construction in the Creighton nickel mine near Sudbury, Ontario in Canada. Focus is upon the technical factors involving a measurement of the charged-current and neutral-current interactions of solar neutrinos on deuterium.

Hime, A.

1996-09-01

162

Reactor Monitoring with Neutrinos  

E-print Network

The fundamental knowledge on neutrinos acquired in the recent years open the possibility of applied neutrino physics. Among it the automatic and non intrusive monitoring of nuclear reactor by its antineutrino signal could be very valuable to IAEA in charge of the control of nuclear power plants. Several efforts worldwide have already started.

M. Cribier

2007-04-06

163

Neutrino mass and mixing with discrete symmetry.  

PubMed

This is a review paper about neutrino mass and mixing and flavour model building strategies based on discrete family symmetry. After a pedagogical introduction and overview of the whole of neutrino physics, we focus on the PMNS mixing matrix and the latest global fits following the Daya Bay and RENO experiments which measure the reactor angle. We then describe the simple bimaximal, tri-bimaximal and golden ratio patterns of lepton mixing and the deviations required for a non-zero reactor angle, with solar or atmospheric mixing sum rules resulting from charged lepton corrections or residual trimaximal mixing. The different types of see-saw mechanism are then reviewed as well as the sequential dominance mechanism. We then give a mini-review of finite group theory, which may be used as a discrete family symmetry broken by flavons either completely, or with different subgroups preserved in the neutrino and charged lepton sectors. These two approaches are then reviewed in detail in separate chapters including mechanisms for flavon vacuum alignment and different model building strategies that have been proposed to generate the reactor angle. We then briefly review grand unified theories (GUTs) and how they may be combined with discrete family symmetry to describe all quark and lepton masses and mixing. Finally, we discuss three model examples which combine an SU(5) GUT with the discrete family symmetries A?, S? and ?(96). PMID:23645075

King, Stephen F; Luhn, Christoph

2013-05-01

164

Solar Neutrino Physics  

SciTech Connect

With its heavy water target, the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) offers the unique opportunity to measure both the 8B flux of electron neutrinos from the Sun and, independently, the flux of all active neutrino species reaching the Earth. A model-independent test of the hypothesis that neutrino oscillations are responsible for the observed solar neutrino deficit can be made by comparing the charged-current (CC) and neutral-current (NC) rates. This LDRD proposal supported the research and development necessary for an assessment of backgrounds and performance of the SNO detector and the ability to extract the NC/CC-Ratio. Particular emphasis is put upon the criteria for deployment and signal extraction from a discrete NC detector array based upon ultra-low background 3He proportional counters.

Bowles, T.J.; Brice, S.J.; Esch, E.-I.; Fowler, M.M.; Goldschmidt, A.; Hime, A.; McGirt, F.; Miller, G.G.; Thornewell, P.M.; Wilhelmy, J.B.; Wouters, J.M.

1999-07-15

165

Summary: Neutrinos and nonaccelerator physics  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains brief synopsis of the following major topics discussed in the neutrino and nonaccelerator parallel sessions: dark matter; neutrino oscillations at accelerators and reactors; gamma-ray astronomy; double beta decay; solar neutrinos; and the possible existence of a 17-KeV neutrino. (LSP)

Hoffman, C.M.

1991-01-01

166

Physics and Astrophysics of Neutrinos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observations of neutrinos being emitted by the supernova SN1987A, star neutrinos, and atmospheric neutrinos by means of underground detectors have provided new insights into astronomy. These observations have brought to light new unresolved phenomena such as the solar neutrino problem, spurring investigative studies among particle physicists and astrophysicists. Today, intense interaction and continual cooperation between specialists in the field of

Masataka Fukugita; Atsuto Suzuki

1994-01-01

167

Neutrino mass bounds from cosmology  

E-print Network

Cosmology is at present one of the most powerful probes of neutrino properties. The advent of precision data from the cosmic microwave background and large scale structure has allowed for a very strong bound on the neutrino mass. Here, I review the status of cosmological bounds on neutrino properties with emphasis on mass bounds on light neutrinos.

Steen Hannestad

2004-12-14

168

Measurement of Atmospheric Neutrino Flux Consistent with Tau Neutrino Appearance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for the appearance of tau neutrinos from numunutau oscillations in the atmospheric neutrinos has been performed using 1489.2 days of atmospheric neutrino data from the Super-Kamiokande-I experiment. A best fit tau neutrino appearance signal of 138±48(stat)-32+15(syst) events is obtained with an expectation of 78±26(syst). The hypothesis of no tau neutrino appearance is disfavored by 2.4 sigma.

K. Abe; Y. Hayato; T. Iida; K. Ishihara; J. Kameda; Y. Koshio; A. Minamino; C. Mitsuda; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; Y. Obayashi; H. Ogawa; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; A. Takeda; Y. Takeuchi; K. Ueshima; I. Higuchi; C. Ishihara; M. Ishitsuka; T. Kajita; K. Kaneyuki; G. Mitsuka; S. Nakayama; H. Nishino; K. Okumura; C. Saji; Y. Takenaga; Y. Totsuka; S. Clark; S. Desai; F. Dufour; E. Kearns; S. Likhoded; M. Litos; J. L. Raaf; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; W. Wang; M. Goldhaber; D. Casper; J. P. Cravens; W. R. Kropp; D. W. Liu; S. Mine; C. Regis; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; M. R. Vagins; K. S. Ganezer; J. E. Hill; W. E. Keig; J. S. Jang; J. Y. Kim; I. T. Lim; K. Scholberg; N. Tanimoto; C. W. Walter; R. Wendell; R. W. Ellsworth; S. Tasaka; E. Guillian; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; M. D. Messier; A. K. Ichikawa; T. Iwashita; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; K. Nitta; Y. Oyama; A. T. Suzuki; M. Hasegawa; I. Kato; H. Maesaka; T. Nakaya; K. Nishikawa; T. Sasaki; H. Sato; S. Yamamoto; M. Yokoyama; T. J. Haines; S. Dazeley; S. Hatakeyama; R. Svoboda; G. W. Sullivan; A. Habig; R. Gran; Y. Fukuda; T. Sato; Y. Itow; T. Koike; C. K. Jung; T. Kato; K. Kobayashi; M. Malek; C. McGrew; A. Sarrat; R. Terri; C. Yanagisawa; N. Tamura; M. Sakuda; M. Sugihara; Y. Kuno; M. Yoshida; S. B. Kim; J. Yoo; T. Ishizuka; H. Okazawa; Y. Choi; H. K. Seo; Y. Gando; T. Hasegawa; K. Inoue; H. Ishii; K. Nishijima; H. Ishino; Y. Watanabe; M. Koshiba; D. Kielczewska; J. Zalipska; H. G. Berns; K. K. Shiraishi; K. Washburn; R. J. Wilkes

2006-01-01

169

Magnetic Moments of Dirac Neutrinos  

SciTech Connect

The existence of a neutrino magnetic moment implies contributions to the neutrino mass via radiative corrections. We derive model-independent 'naturalness' upper bounds on the magnetic moments of Dirac neutrinos, generated by physics above the electroweak scale. The neutrino mass receives a contribution from higher order operators, which are renormalized by operators responsible for the neutrino magnetic moment. This contribution can be calculated in a model independent way. In the absence of fine-tuning, we find that current neutrino mass limits imply that {mu}v < 10-14 Bohr magnetons. This bound is several orders of magnitude stronger than those obtained from solar and reactor neutrino data and astrophysical observations.

Bell, Nicole F.; Cirigliano, V.; Ramsey-Musolf, M. J.; Vogel, P.; Wise, Mark B. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2006-07-11

170

Solar neutrinos: Probing the sun or neutrinos  

SciTech Connect

The decade of the 1990's should prove to be a landmark period for the study of solar neutrino physics. Current observations show 2-3 times fewer neutrinos coming from the sun than are theoretically expected. As we enter the decade, new experiments are poised to attempt and discover whether this deficit is a problem with our understanding of how the sun works, is a hint of new neutrino properties beyond those predicted by the standard model of particle physics, or perhaps a combination of both. This paper will review the current status of the field and point out how future measurements should help solve this interesting puzzle. 11 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Wilkerson, J.F.

1991-01-01

171

Doing Your Thing: Fourth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth grade instructional unit, part of a grade school level career education series, is designed to assist learners in relating present experiences to past and future ones. Before the main body of the lessons is described, field testing results are reported, and key items are presented: the concepts, the estimated instructional time, the…

Potter, Beverly

172

Personal Tutor Agenda Fourth Week  

E-print Network

Personal Tutor Agenda Fourth Week - Each Personal Tutor arranges a meeting with students who were assigned to him/her to receive their notes, concerns and get acquainted with their problems. Personal tutor to the Quality Committee. The meeting should take place before the end of the fifth week. - Each Personal Tutor

173

Teaching Literacy in Fourth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth grade is an important year for literacy learning. Having left the primary grades behind, students must grapple with more demanding texts and content material. Effective, motivating instruction can help them succeed. This book helps teachers create an energized and organized learning environment in which all students can improve their…

Johnson, Denise

2008-01-01

174

Neutrino-neutrino interactions in a supernova and their effect on neutrino flavor conversions  

SciTech Connect

The neutrino-neutrino interactions inside a supernova core give rise to nonlinear collective effects that significantly influence the neutrino flavor conversions inside the star. I shall describe these interactions, the new oscillation phenomena they generate, and their effect on the neutrino fluxes arriving at the earth.

Dighe, Amol [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2011-11-23

175

Measurable neutrino mass scale in A{sub 4}xSU(5)  

SciTech Connect

We propose a supersymmetric A{sub 4}xSU(5) model of quasidegenerate neutrinos which predicts the effective neutrino mass m{sub ee} relevant for neutrinoless double beta decay to be proportional to the neutrino mass scale, thereby allowing its determination approximately independently of unknown Majorana phases. Such a natural quasidegeneracy is achieved by using A{sub 4} family symmetry (as an example of a non-Abelian family symmetry with real triplet representations) to enforce a contribution to the neutrino mass matrix proportional to the identity. Tribimaximal neutrino mixing as well as quark CP violation with {alpha}{approx_equal}90 deg. d a leptonic CP phase {delta}{sub MNS{approx_equal}}90 deg. arise from the breaking of the A{sub 4} family symmetry by the vacuum expectation values of four 'flavon' fields pointing in specific postulated directions in flavor space.

Antusch, S.; Spinrath, M. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Foehringer Ring 6, D-80805 Muenchen (Germany); King, Stephen F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ Southampton (United Kingdom)

2011-01-01

176

Neutrino cosmology and Planck  

E-print Network

Relic neutrinos play an important role in the evolution of the Universe, modifying some of the cosmological observables. We summarize the main aspects of cosmological neutrinos and describe how the precision of present cosmological data can be used to learn about neutrino properties. In particular, we discuss how cosmology provides information on the absolute scale of neutrino masses, complementary to beta decay and neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. We explain why the combination of Planck temperature data with measurements of the baryon acoustic oscillation angular scale provides a strong bound on the sum of neutrino masses, 0.23 eV at the 95% confidence level, while the lensing potential spectrum and the cluster mass function measured by Planck are compatible with larger values. We also review the constraints from current data on other neutrino properties. Finally, we describe the very good perspectives from future cosmological measurements, which are expected to be sensitive to neutrino masses close the minimum values guaranteed by flavour oscillations.

Julien Lesgourgues; Sergio Pastor

2014-04-07

177

Neutrino cosmology and Planck  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Relic neutrinos play an important role in the evolution of the Universe, modifying some of the cosmological observables. We summarize the main aspects of cosmological neutrinos and describe how the precision of present cosmological data can be used to learn about neutrino properties. In particular, we discuss how cosmology provides information on the absolute scale of neutrino masses, complementary to beta decay and neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. We explain why the combination of Planck temperature data with measurements of the baryon acoustic oscillation angular scale provides a strong bound on the sum of neutrino masses, 0.23 eV at the 95% confidence level, while the lensing potential spectrum and the cluster mass function measured by Planck are compatible with larger values. We also review the constraints from current data on other neutrino properties. Finally, we describe the very good perspectives from future cosmological measurements, which are expected to be sensitive to neutrino masses close to the minimum values guaranteed by flavour oscillations.

Lesgourgues, Julien; Pastor, Sergio

2014-06-01

178

Absolute neutrino mass measurements  

SciTech Connect

The neutrino mass plays an important role in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. In recent years the detection of neutrino flavour oscillations proved that neutrinos carry mass. However, oscillation experiments are only sensitive to the mass-squared difference of the mass eigenvalues. In contrast to cosmological observations and neutrino-less double beta decay (0v2{beta}) searches, single {beta}-decay experiments provide a direct, model-independent way to determine the absolute neutrino mass by measuring the energy spectrum of decay electrons at the endpoint region with high accuracy.Currently the best kinematic upper limits on the neutrino mass of 2.2eV have been set by two experiments in Mainz and Troitsk, using tritium as beta emitter. The next generation tritium {beta}-experiment KATRIN is currently under construction in Karlsruhe/Germany by an international collaboration. KATRIN intends to improve the sensitivity by one order of magnitude to 0.2eV. The investigation of a second isotope ({sup 137}Rh) is being pursued by the international MARE collaboration using micro-calorimeters to measure the beta spectrum. The technology needed to reach 0.2eV sensitivity is still in the R and D phase. This paper reviews the present status of neutrino-mass measurements with cosmological data, 0v2{beta} decay and single {beta}-decay.

Wolf, Joachim [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), IEKP, Postfach 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2011-10-06

179

Diffractive Interaction of Neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Interactions of high-energy neutrinos expose hadronic properties, in particular, contain a strong diffractive channel. The Adler relation (AR) between soft interactions of neutrinos and pions, might look as a manifestation of pion dominance. However, neutrinos cannot fluctuate to pions because of conservation of the lepton current, and interact via much heavier hadronic components. This fact leads to nontrivial relations between interactions of different hadronic species, in particular, it links diagonal and off-diagonal diffractive interactions of pions. Absorptive corrections break these relations making the AR impossible to hold universally, for any target and at any energy.

Kopeliovich, B. Z.; Potashnikova, I. K.; Schmidt, Iván; Siddikov, M.

2013-06-01

180

Neutrinos from neutron stars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A calculation of the flux of ultra-high energy neutrinos from galactic neutron stars is presented. The calculation is used to determine the number of point sources detectable at the sensitivity threshold of a proposed deep underwater muon and neutrino detector array. The detector array would have a point source detection threshold of about 100 eV/sq cm-sec. Analysis of neutrino luminosities and the number of detectable sources suggests that the deep underwater detector may make a few discoveries. In particular, a suspected neutron star in the Cyg X-3 source seems a promising target for the deep underwater array.

Helfand, D. J.

1979-01-01

181

Submarine neutrino communication  

E-print Network

We discuss the possibility to use a high energy neutrino beam from a muon storage ring to provide one way communication with a submerged submarine. Neutrino interactions produce muons which can be detected either, directly when they pass through the submarine or by their emission of Cerenkov light in sea water, which, in turn, can be exploited with sensitive photo detectors. Due to the very high neutrino flux from a muon storage ring, it is sufficient to mount either detection system directly onto the hull of the submersible. The achievable data transfer rates compare favorable with existing technologies and do allow for a communication at the usual speed and depth of submarines.

Patrick Huber

2009-09-25

182

A Relic Neutrino Detector  

E-print Network

Probably the most promising way of detecting cosmic neutrinos is measuring the mechanical force exerted by elastic scattering of cosmic neutrinos from macroscopic targets. The expected acceleration is $\\sim 10^{-23} cm/s^2$ for Dirac neutrinos of mass $\\sim 10 eV$ and local density $\\sim 10^7/ cm^3$. A novel torsion balance design is presented. which addresses the sensitivity-limiting factors of existing balances, such as seismic and thermal noise, and angular readout resolution and stability.

C. Hagmann

1999-02-06

183

Solar Neutrino Measurements  

E-print Network

A review of solar neutrino experiments is provided, including experimental measurements to date and proposed future measurements. Experiments to date have provided a clear determination that solar neutrinos are undergoing flavor transformation and that the dominant mechanism for this transformation is oscillation. The mixing parameters are well defined and limits are placed on sub-dominant modes. The measurements also provide strong confirmation of solar model calculations. New experiments under development will study neutrino oscillation parameters and sub-dominant modes with greater precision and will investigate solar fluxes further, concentrating primarily on the low energy pp, $^7$Be, pep and CNO reactions.

A. B. McDonald

2004-06-10

184

Neutrinos: Nature's Identity Thieves?  

ScienceCinema

The oscillation of neutrinos from one variety to another has long been suspected, but was confirmed only about 15 years ago. In order for these oscillations to occur, neutrinos must have a mass, no matter how slight. Since neutrinos have long been thought to be massless, in a very real way, this phenomena is a clear signal of physics beyond the known. In this video, Fermilab's Dr Don Lincoln explains how we know it occurs and hints at the rich experimental program at several international laboratories designed to understand this complex mystery.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-07

185

Reactor Neutrino Experiments  

E-print Network

Precisely measuring $\\theta_{13}$ is one of the highest priority in neutrino oscillation study. Reactor experiments can cleanly determine $\\theta_{13}$. Past reactor neutrino experiments are reviewed and status of next precision $\\theta_{13}$ experiments are presented. Daya Bay is designed to measure $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}$ to better than 0.01 and Double Chooz and RENO are designed to measure it to 0.02-0.03. All are heading to full operation in 2010. Recent improvements in neutrino moment measurement are also briefed.

Jun Cao

2007-12-06

186

Neutrinos: Nature's Identity Thieves?  

SciTech Connect

The oscillation of neutrinos from one variety to another has long been suspected, but was confirmed only about 15 years ago. In order for these oscillations to occur, neutrinos must have a mass, no matter how slight. Since neutrinos have long been thought to be massless, in a very real way, this phenomena is a clear signal of physics beyond the known. In this video, Fermilab's Dr Don Lincoln explains how we know it occurs and hints at the rich experimental program at several international laboratories designed to understand this complex mystery.

Lincoln, Don

2013-07-11

187

Majorana Neutrino Superfluidity and Stability of Neutrino Dark Energy  

E-print Network

We demonstrate that Majorana neutrinos can form Cooper pairs due to long-range attractive forces and show BCS superfluidity in a class of mass varying neutrino dark energy models. We describe the condensates for Majorana neutrinos and estimate the value of the gap, critical temperature and Pippard coherence length for a simple neutrino dark energy model. In the strong coupling regime bosonic degree of freedom can become important and Bose-Einstein condensate may govern the dynamics for the mass varying neutrino models. Formation of the condensates can significantly alter the instability scenario in the mass varying neutrino models.

Jitesh R. Bhatt; Utpal Sarkar

2008-05-16

188

Atmospheric neutrino oscillations and tau neutrinos in ice  

SciTech Connect

The main goal of the IceCube Deep Core Array is to search for neutrinos of astrophysical origins. Atmospheric neutrinos are commonly considered as a background for these searches. We show here that cascade measurements in the Ice Cube Deep Core Array can provide strong evidence for tau neutrino appearance in atmospheric neutrino oscillations. Controlling systematic uncertainties will be the limiting factor in the analysis. A careful study of these tau neutrinos is crucial, since they constitute an irreducible background for astrophysical neutrino detection.

Giordano, Gerardo; Mocioiu, Irina [Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Mena, Olga [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, IFIC, CSIC and Universidad de Valencia (Spain)

2010-06-01

189

Fourth-generation storage rings  

SciTech Connect

It seems clear that a linac-driven free-electron laser is the accepted prototype of a fourth-generation facility. This raises two questions: can a storage ring-based light source join the fourth generation? Has the storage ring evolved to its highest level of performance as a synchrotrons light source? The answer to the second question is clearly no. The author thinks the answer to the first question is unimportant. While the concept of generations has been useful in motivating thought and effort towards new light source concepts, the variety of light sources and their performance characteristics can no longer be usefully summed up by assignment of a ''generation'' number.

Galayda, J. N.

1999-11-16

190

Fourth Aircraft Interior Noise Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fourth in a series of NASA/SAE Interior Noise Workshops was held on May 19 and 20, 1992. The theme of the workshop was new technology and applications for aircraft noise with emphasis on source noise prediction; cabin noise prediction; cabin noise control, including active and passive methods; and cabin interior noise procedures. This report is a compilation of the presentations made at the meeting which addressed the above issues.

Stephens, David G. (compiler)

1992-01-01

191

Fourth Personnel Dosimetry Intercomparison Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fourth Personnel Dosimetry Intercomparison Study was held at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Dosimetry Applications Research Facility during March 15-23, 1978. The Health Physics Research Reactor (HPRR) used unshielded, with a 12-cm-thick Lucite shield, a 20-cm-thick concrete shield, or a 5-cm-thick steel and 15-cm-thick concrete shield, and provided four neutron and gamma-ray spectra. Then the dose was calculated based

1980-01-01

192

Fourth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Conference Publication contains 84 papers presented at the Fourth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop held in Cleveland, Ohio, from May 19 to 21, 1997. The purpose of the workshop was twofold: to exchange information about the progress and promise of combustion science in microgravity and to provide a forum to discuss which areas in microgravity combustion science need to be expanded profitably and which should be included in upcoming NASA Research Announcements (NRA).

Sacksteder, Kurt R. (Compiler)

1997-01-01

193

Solar Neutrinos: Where We Are, Where We Are Going  

E-print Network

There are four important facts about solar neutrinos. They are listed in order of importance in this abstract and discussed more in the text of the talk. First, solar neutrinos have been detected in four experiments with approximately the energies and fluxes predicted by the standard solar model, confirming the hypothesis that the energy source for the solar luminosity is the fusion of light elements. Second, the measured event rates are significantl less than the event rates predicted by the combined standard solar and electroweak models in all four experiments. Third, a comparison of the event rates measured in the chlorine experiment (threshold 0.8 Mev) and the neutrino-electron scattering experiment (Kamiokande II, threshold 7.5 MeV) indicates that the deficiency of electron-type neutrinos at the earth is energy dependent, if the rates and the uncertainties in both experiments have been correctly understood. The inference that the deficiency is energy-dependent conflicts with the simplest version of standard electroweak theory. Fourth, experiments are being constructed that have the capabilities to determine conclusively if new neutrino physics is required.

John N. Bahcall

1994-04-27

194

The ANTARES neutrino telescope  

E-print Network

The ANTARES collaboration completed the installation of the first neutrino detector in the sea in 2008. It consists of a three dimensional array of 885 photomultipliers to gather the Cherenkov photons induced by relativistic muons produced in charged-current interactions of high energy neutrinos close to/in the detector. The scientific scope of neutrino telescopes is very broad: the origin of cosmic rays, the origin of the TeV photons observed in many astrophysical sources or the nature of dark matter. The data collected up to now have allowed us to produce a rich output of physics results, including the map of the neutrino sky of the Southern hemisphere, search for correlations with GRBs, flaring sources, gravitational waves, limits on the flux produced by dark matter self-annihilations, etc. In this paper a review of these results is presented.

Juan de Dios Zornoza; Juan Zúñiga

2012-09-28

195

Phenomenology of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

The phenomenology of solar, atmospheric, supernova and laboratory neutrino oscillations is described. Analytical formulae for matter effects are reviewed. The results from oscillations are confronted with neutrinoless double beta decay.

G. Rajasekaran

2000-04-17

196

Neutrino Astronomy with ANTARES  

E-print Network

ANTARES is a project aiming at the operation of an underwater detector at a depth of 2.5 km close to Toulon in the South of France. The detector is expected to be completed at the beginning of 2007. The main purpose of the experiment is the detection of high energy neutrinos produced in astrophysical sources. Being weakly interacting, neutrinos could potentially be more powerful messengers of the universe compared to photons, but their detection is challenging. The technique employs phototubes to detect the arrival time and the amplitude of photons emitted by neutrino charged secondaries due to the Cherenkov effect. ANTARES will contribute significantly in the field of neutrino astronomy, observing the Galactic Centre with unprecedented pointing capabilities.

Teresa Montaruli; for the ANTARES Collaboration

2004-10-26

197

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two experiments now in progress have reported measurements of the flux of high energy neutrinos from the Sun. Since about 1970, Davis and his co-workers have been using a [sup 37]Cl-based detector to measure the [sup 7]Be and [sup 8]B solar neutrino flux and have found it to be at least a factor of three lower than that predicted by

E. B. Norman; Y. D. Chan; A. Garcia; K. T. Lesko; A. R. Smith; R. G. Stokstad; I. Zlimen; H. C. Evans; G. T. Ewan; A. Hallin; H. W. Lee; J. R. Leslie; J. D. MacArthur; H. B. Mak; A. B. McDonald; W. McLatchie; B. C. Robertson; P. Skensved; B. Sur; E. Bonvin; E. D. Earle; D. Hepburn; G. M. Milton

1992-01-01

198

Neutrino Detectors: Challenges and Opportunities  

SciTech Connect

This paper covers possible detector options suitable at future neutrino facilities, such as Neutrino Factories, Super Beams and Beta Beams. The Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector (MIND), which is the baseline detector at a Neutrino Factory, will be described and a new analysis which improves the efficiency of this detector at low energies will be shown. Other detectors covered include the Totally Active Scintillating Detectors (TASD), particularly relevant for a low energy Neutrino Factory, emulsion detectors for tau detection, liquid argon detectors and megaton scale water Cherenkov detectors. Finally the requirements of near detectors for long-baseline neutrino experiments will be demonstrated.

Soler, F. J. P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

2011-10-06

199

Neutrinos beyond the Standard Model  

SciTech Connect

I review some basic aspects of neutrino physics beyond the Standard Model such as neutrino mixing and neutrino non-orthogonality, universality and CP violation in the lepton sector, total lepton number and lepton flavor violation, etc.. These may lead to neutrino decays and oscillations, exotic weak decay processes, neutrinoless double /beta/ decay, etc.. Particle physics models are discussed where some of these processes can be sizable even in the absence of measurable neutrino masses. These may also substantially affect the propagation properties of solar and astrophysical neutrinos. 39 refs., 4 figs.

Valle, J.W.F.

1989-08-01

200

Cosmic UHE Neutrino Signatures  

E-print Network

Utilizing the unique and reliable ultrasmall--$x$ predictions of the dynamical (radiative) parton model, nominal event rates and their detailed energy dependence caused by a variety of cosmic UHE neutrino fluxes are calculated and analyzed. In addition, maximal Regge--model inspired small--$x$ structure functions are employed for obtaining optimal rates which do not necessarily require `new' physics interpretations. Upward $\\mu^+ +\\mu^-$ event rates are estimated by taking into account total and nadir--angle dependent regeneration effects due to neutral current interactions. For exploring extragalactic neutrino sources at highest energies (\\raisebox{-0.1cm}{$\\stackrel{>}{\\sim}$} $10^8$ GeV) with modern (future) ground--level telescopes, we analyze horizontal air shower event rates and shower events caused by Earth--skimming tau--neutrinos, in particular their detailed shower-- and cosmic neutrino--energy dependence. As an illustration of `new physics' implications we estimate the relevant horizontal air shower event rates due to spin--2 Kaluza--Klein `graviton' exchanges in neutral current neutrino--quark and neutrino--gluon interactions at low TeV--scales.

K. Giesel; J. -H. Jureit; E. Reya

2003-03-12

201

Public School Searches and the Fourth Amendment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that school administrators encounter conflicts with the Fourth Amendment when they conduct searches of high school students. Discusses the reluctance of the courts to hold school officials to Fourth Amendment standards; why the Fourth Amendment should apply nonetheless; and an analytical model of how school searches can be accomplished.…

Trosch, Louis A.; And Others

1982-01-01

202

Neutrino electromagnetic properties and new bounds on neutrino magnetic moments  

E-print Network

We give a brief outline of possible neutrino electromagnetic characteristics, which can indicate new physics beyond the Standard Model. Special emphasis is put on recent theoretical development in searches for neutrino magnetic moments.

Konstantin A. Kouzakov; Alexander I. Studenikin; Mikhail B. Voloshin

2011-12-17

203

Neutrino Matter Effect Invariants and the Observables of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-print Network

We generalise our previous observation on the invariance of the Jarlskog determinant to matter effects in neutrino oscillations. Within the context of standard neutrino oscillation theory with matter effects, we present the complete set of (five) matter invariant observables for neutrino propagation in matter. We give some examples of their application.

P. F. Harrison; W. G. Scott

2002-03-04

204

Electromagnetic Neutrino Properties and Neutrino Oscillations in Electromagnetic Fields  

E-print Network

The presence of medium and external magnetic field change electromagnetic properties of neutrino. In this article the behavior of neutrino magnetic moment in electromagnetic field is considered. On the basis the Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equation for the case of models with CP invariance and P nonconservation the new type of neutrino resonances $\

A. M. Egorov; A. E. Lobanov; A. I. Studenikin

1999-02-23

205

First neutrino observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first neutrino observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory are presented from preliminary analyses. Based on energy, direction and location, the data in the region of interest appear to be dominated by 8B solar neutrinos, detected by the charged current reaction on deuterium and elastic scattering from electrons, with very little background. Measurements of radioactive backgrounds indicate that the measurement

R. G. Allen; G. Buhler; H. H. Chen; J. D. Anglin; J. C. Barton; E. W. Beier; M. Bercovitch; J. Bigu; S. D. Biller; R. A. Black; I. Blevis; R. J. Boardman; J. Boger; E. Bonvin; M. G. Boulay; M. G. Bowler; T. J. Bowles; S. J. Brice; M. C. Browne; T. V. Bullard; J. Cameron; Y. D. Chan; M. Chen; X. Chen; B. T. Cleveland; E. T. H. Clifford; J. H. M. Cowan; D. F. Cowen; G. A. Cox; X. Dai; F. Dalnoki-Veress; W. F. Davidson; P. J. Doe; G. Doucas; M. R. Dragowsky; C. A. Duba; F. A. Duncan; M. Dunford; J. A. Dunmore; E. D. Earle; S. R. Elliott; H. C. Evans; G. T. Ewan; J. Farine; H. Fergani; A. P. Ferraris; R. J. Ford; J. A. Formaggio; M. M. Fowler; K. Frame; E. D. Frank; W. Frati; N. Gagnon; J. V. Germani; S. Gil; K. Graham; D. R. Grant; R. L. Hahn; A. L. Hallin; E. D. Hallman; A. S. Hamer; A. A. Hamian; W. B. Handler; R. U. Haq; C. K. Hargrove; P. J. Harvey; R. Hazama; K. M. Heeger; W. J. Heintzelman; J. Heise; R. L. Helmer; J. D. Hepburn; H. Heron; J. Hewett; A. Hime; J. G. Hykawy; M. C. P. Isaac; P. Jagam; N. A. Jelley; C. Jillings; G. Jonkmans; K. Kazkaz; P. T. Keener; J. R. Klein; A. B. Knox; R. J. Komar; R. Kouzes; T. Kutter; C. C. M. Kyba; J. Law; I. T. Lawson; M. Lay; H. W. Lee; K. T. Lesko; J. R. Leslie; I. Levine; W. Locke; S. Luoma; J. Lyon; S. Majerus; H. B. Mak; J. Maneira; J. Manor; A. D. Marino; N. McCauley; D. S. McDonald; A. B. McDonald; K. McFarlane; G. McGregor; R. Meijer; C. Mifflin; G. G. Miller; G. Milton; B. A. Moffat; M. Moorhead; C. W. Nally; M. S. Neubauer; F. M. Newcomer; H. S. Ng; A. J. Noble; E. B. Norman; V. M. Novikov; M. ONeill; C. E. Okada; R. W. Ollerhead; M. Omori; J. L. Orrell; S. M. Oser; A. W. P. Poon; T. J. Radcliffe; A. Roberge; B. C. Robertson; R. G. H. Robertson; S. S. E. Rosendahl; J. K. Rowley; V. L. Rusu; E. Saettler; K. K. Schaffer; M. H. Schwendener; A. Schulke; H. Seifert; M. Shatkay; J. J. Simpson; C. J. Sims

2001-01-01

206

Steps towards the Neutrino Factory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The properties of the neutrino provide a unique window on physics beyond that described by the Standard Model. The study of sub-leading effects in neutrino oscillations has begun with the race to measure ?13. A consensus is emerging within the international community that a novel neutrino source is required to allow sensitive searches for leptonic CP violation to be carried out and the neutrino mass-hierarchy to be determined. The Neutrino Factory, in which intense neutrino beams are produced from the decay of muons, has been shown to out-perform the other proposed facilities. The physics case for the Neutrino Factory will be reviewed and the baseline design of the facility being developed by the International Design Study for the Neutrino Factory (the IDS-NF) collaboration will be described.

Long, K.

2012-08-01

207

Neutrino Factory: status and prospects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The properties of the neutrino provide a unique window on physics beyond that described by the Standard Model. The study of sub-leading effects in neutrino oscillations has begun with the race to measure ? consensus is emerging within the international community that a novel neutrino source is required to allow sensitive searches for leptonic CP violation to be carried out and the neutrino mass-hierarchy to be determined. The Neutrino Factory, in which intense neutrino beams are produced from the decay of muons, has been shown to out-perform the other proposed facilities. The physics case for the Neutrino Factory will be reviewed and the baseline design of the facility being developed by the International Design Study for the Neutrino Factory (the IDS-NF) collaboration will be described.

Long, K.

2011-08-01

208

Local demands on sterile neutrinos  

E-print Network

In a model independent manner, we explore the local implications of a single neutrino oscillation measurement which cannot be reconciled within a three-neutrino theory. We examine this inconsistency for a single region of baseline to neutrino energy $L/E$. Assuming that sterile neutrinos account for the anomaly, we find that the {\\it local} demands of this datum can require the addition to the theory of one to three sterile neutrinos. We examine the constraints which can be used to determine when more than one neutrino would be required. The results apply only to a given region of $L/E$. The question of the adequacy of the sterile neutrinos to satisfy a global analysis is not addressed here. Finally, using the results of a 3+2 analysis, we indicate values for unknown mixing matrix elements which would require two sterile neutrinos due to local demands only.

David C. Latimer; David J. Ernst

2005-09-23

209

Neutrino oscillations in nuclear media  

E-print Network

On basis of effective interactions of charged lepton and hadron currents, we obtain an effective interacting Hamiltonian of neutrinos in nuclear media up to the leading order. Using this effective Hamiltonian, we study neutrino mixing and oscillations in nuclear media and strong magnetic fields. We compute neutrino mixing angle and mass squared difference, and find the pattern of vacuum neutrino oscillations is modified in magnetized nuclear media. Comparing with the vacuum neutrino oscillation, we find that for high-energy neutrinos, neutrino oscillations are suppressed in the presence of nuclear media. In the general case of neutral nuclear media with the presence of electrons, we calculate the mixing angle and mass squared difference, and discuss the resonance and level-crossing in neutrino oscillations.

Iman Motie; She-Sheng Xue

2011-04-14

210

Simulating nonlinear neutrino flavor evolution  

E-print Network

We discuss a new kind of astrophysical transport problem: the coherent evolution of neutrino flavor in core collapse supernovae. Solution of this problem requires a numerical approach which can simulate accurately the quantum mechanical coupling of intersecting neutrino trajectories and the associated nonlinearity which characterizes neutrino flavor conversion. We describe here the two codes developed to attack this problem. We also describe the surprising phenomena revealed by these numerical calculations. Chief among these is that the nonlinearities in the problem can engineer neutrino flavor transformation which is dramatically different than in standard Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein treatments. This happens even though the neutrino mass-squared differences are measured to be small, and even when neutrino self-coupling is sub-dominant. Our numerical work has revealed potential signatures which, if detected in the neutrino burst from a Galactic core collapse event, could reveal heretofore unmeasurable properties of the neutrinos, such as the mass hierarchy and vacuum mixing angle theta_13.

Huaiyu Duan; George M. Fuller; J. Carlson

2008-03-26

211

Results from Neutrino Oscillations Experiments  

SciTech Connect

The interpretation of the results of early solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments in terms of neutrino oscillations has been verified by several recent experiments using both, natural and man-made sources. The observations provide compelling evidence in favor of the existence of neutrino masses and mixings. These proceedings give a general description of the results from neutrino oscillation experiments, the current status of the field, and some possible future developments.

Aguilar-Arevalo, Alexis [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico, D.F., 04510 (Mexico)

2010-09-10

212

Neutrino oscillations beyond two flavours  

E-print Network

I review some theoretical aspects of neutrino oscillations in the case when more than two neutrino flavours are involved. These include: approximate analytic solutions for 3-flavour (3f) oscillations in matter; matter effects in nu_mu - nu_tau oscillations; 3f effects in oscillations of solar, atmospheric, reactor and supernova neutrinos and in accelerator long-baseline experiments; CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter; the problem of U_{e3}; 4f oscillations.

E. Kh. Akhmedov

2002-07-29

213

Neutrino dispersion in magnetized plasma  

E-print Network

The neutrino dispersion in the charge symmetric magnetized plasma is investigated. We have studied the plasma contribution into the additional energy of neutrino and obtained the simple expression for it. We consider in detail the neutrino self-energy under physical conditions of weak field, moderate field and strong field limits. It is shown that our result for neutrino dispersion in moderate magnetic field differ substantially from the previous one in the literature.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2008-12-02

214

Supernova Neutrinos Detection On Earth  

E-print Network

In this paper, we first discuss the detection of supernova neutrino on Earth. Then we propose a possible method to acquire information about $\\theta_{13}$ smaller than $1.5^\\circ$ by detecting the ratio of the event numbers of different flavor supernova neutrinos. Such an sensitivity cannot yet be achieved by the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment.

Xin-Heng Guo; Ming-Yang Huang; Bing-Lin Young

2009-05-11

215

Neutrino oscillations: theory and phenomenology  

E-print Network

A brief overview of selected topics in the theory and phenomenology of neutrino oscillations is given. These include: oscillations in vacuum and in matter; phenomenology of 3-flavour neutrino oscillations and effective 2-flavour approximations; CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter; matter effects on \

E. Kh. Akhmedov

2006-10-05

216

Physics in Action: Neutrino Astrophysics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides information about the importance of neutrinos in stellar astronomy. It uses the famous supernova 1987A as an example of the energy carried by neutrinos. More information on supernovae and the solar neutrino question are provided, along with links to research.

Central, Physics

2004-04-08

217

Gravitational Lensing of Supernova Neutrinos  

SciTech Connect

The black hole at the center of the galaxy is a powerful lens for supernova neutrinos. In the very special circumstance of a supernova near the extended line of sight from Earth to the galactic center, lensing could dramatically enhance the neutrino flux at Earth and stretch the neutrino pulse.

Mena, Olga; /Fermilab /Rome U.; Mocioiu, Irina; /Penn State U.; Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab

2006-10-01

218

Electrically Millicharged Neutrino in Media  

E-print Network

On the basis of nonzero neutrino electromagnetic properties, we consider a problem of electrically millicharged neutrino energy spectra in a magnetized matter. It is shown that in this case neutrino energies are quantized. These phenomena can be important for astrophysical applications.

I. Balantsev; A. Studenikin

2010-12-16

219

11: NEUTRINO MASSES AND OSCILLATIONS  

E-print Network

11: NEUTRINO MASSES AND OSCILLATIONS Masayuki Nakahata (nakahata@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp) Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Japan Abstract. New experimental results on neutrino masses and oscillations are re- viewed. Notable result is the atmospheric neutrino data from Super-Kamiokande, which shows

Tokyo, University of

220

Solar Neutrino Matter Effects Redux  

E-print Network

Following recent low-threshold analysis of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory and asymmetry measurements of the BOREXINO Collaboration of the solar neutrino flux, we revisit the analysis of the matter effects in the Sun. We show that solar neutrino data constrains the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ poorly and that subdominant Standard Model effects can mimic the effects of the physics beyond the Standard Model.

A. B. Balantekin; A. Malkus

2011-09-24

221

Neutrino dark energy with more than one neutrino species  

SciTech Connect

The mass varying neutrino scenario is a model that successfully explains the origin of dark energy while at the same time solves the coincidence problem. The model is, however, heavily constrained by its stability towards the formation of neutrino bound states when the neutrinos become nonrelativistic. We discuss these constraints and find that natural, adiabatic, stable models with the right amount of dark energy today do not exist. Second, we explain why using the lightest neutrino, which is still relativistic, as an explanation for dark energy does not work because of a feedback mechanism from the heavier neutrinos.

Bjaelde, Ole Eggers; Hannestad, Steen [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, Ny Munkegade, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark and Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York, New York 10003 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, Ny Munkegade, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2010-03-15

222

Neutrino oscillations: brief history and present status  

E-print Network

A brief review of the problem of neutrino masses and oscillations is given. In the beginning we present an early history of neutrino masses, mixing and oscillations. Then we discuss all possibilities of neutrino masses and mixing (neutrino mass terms). The phenomenology of neutrino oscillations in vacuum is considered in some details. We present also the neutrino oscillation data and the seesaw mechanism of the neutrino mass generation.

S. M. Bilenky

2014-08-12

223

Neutrino Magnetic Moments and the Solar Neutrino Problem  

E-print Network

Present status of the neutrino magnetic moment solutions of the solar neutrino problem is reviewed. In particular, we discuss a possibility of reconciling different degrees of suppression and time variation of the signal (or lack of such a variation) observed in different solar neutrino experiments. It is shown that the resonant spin--flavor precession of neutrinos due to the interaction of their transitions magnetic moments with solar magnetic field can account for all the available solar neutrino data. For not too small neutrino mixing angles ($\\sin 2\\theta_0 \\aprge 0.2$) the combined effect of the resonant spin--flavor precession and neutrino oscillations can result in an observable flux of solar $\\bar{\

E. Kh. Akhmedov

1994-05-15

224

Entanglement in neutrino oscillations  

E-print Network

Flavor oscillations in elementary particle physics are related to multi-mode entanglement of single-particle states. We show that mode entanglement can be expressed in terms of flavor transition probabilities, and therefore that single-particle entangled states acquire a precise operational characterization in the context of particle mixing. We treat in detail the physically relevant cases of two- and three-flavor neutrino oscillations, including the effective measure of CP violation. We discuss experimental schemes for the transfer of the quantum information encoded in single-neutrino states to spatially delocalized two-flavor charged lepton states, thus showing, at least in principle, that single-particle entangled states of neutrino mixing are legitimate physical resources for quantum information tasks.

Massimo Blasone; Fabio Dell'Anno; Silvio De Siena; Fabrizio Illuminati

2007-07-30

225

Plasmon decay to a neutrino pair via neutrino electromagnetic moments in a strongly magnetized medium  

E-print Network

We calculate the neutrino luminosity of a degenerate electron gas in a strong magnetic field via plasmon decay to a neutrino pair due to neutrino electromagnetic moments and obtain the relative upper bounds on the effective neutrino magnetic moment.

A. V. Borisov; P. E. Sizin

2014-06-12

226

Uncertainties in Atmospheric Neutrino Fluxes  

E-print Network

An evaluation of the principal uncertainties in the computation of neutrino fluxes produced in cosmic ray showers in the atmosphere is presented. The neutrino flux predictions are needed for comparison with experiment to perform neutrino oscillation studies. The paper concentrates on the main limitations which are due to hadron production uncertainties. It also treats primary cosmic ray flux uncertainties, which are at a lower level. The absolute neutrino fluxes are found to have errors of around 15% in the neutrino energy region important for contained events underground. Large cancellations of these errors occur when ratios of fluxes are considered, in particular, the $\

G. D. Barr; T. K. Gaisser; S. Robbins; T. Stanev

2006-11-08

227

Neutrino quantum states in matter  

E-print Network

We propose a modified Dirac equation for a massive neutrino moving in the presence of the background matter. The effects of the charged and neutral-current interactions with the matter as well as the matter motion and polarization are accounted for. In the particular case of the matter with a constant density the exact solutions of this equation are found, the neutrino energy spectrum in the matter is also determined. On this basis the effects of the neutrino trapping and reflection, the neutrino-antineutrino pair annihilation and creation in a medium are studied. The quantum theory of the spin light of neutrino in matter ($SL\

Alexander Studenikin; Alexei Ternov

2004-10-21

228

Are neutrinos their own antiparticles?  

SciTech Connect

We explain the relationship between Majorana neutrinos, which are their own antiparticles, and Majorana neutrino masses. We point out that Majorana masses would make the neutrinos very distinctive particles, and explain why many theorists strongly suspect that neutrinos do have Majorana masses. The promising approach to confirming this suspicion is to seek neutrinoless double beta decay. We introduce a toy model that illustrates why this decay requires nonzero neutrino masses, even when there are both right-handed and left-handed weak currents.

Kayser, Boris; /Fermilab

2009-03-01

229

Nonadiabatic neutrino oscillations reexamined  

SciTech Connect

Employing the Feynman procedure of ordered exponential operators and the stationary phase method to evaluate the multiple integrals involved, we calculate the level-crossing probability and analyze the role of a resonance in the evolution of a two-level neutrino system. We compare this procedure with more conventional ones, such as Landau's method and the ansatz of Kuo and Pantaleone and Petcov. We verify that our results reproduce the correct extreme nonadiabatic limit and give the standard solutions in the adiabatic regime for any arbitrary matter density distributions. We discuss in particular the case of solar neutrino propagation using the standard solar model predictions for the matter distribution in the Sun.

Guzzo, M.M.; Bellandi, J.; Aquino, V.M. (Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin,'' Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Unicamp 13083-970 Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil) Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Unesp, Rua Pamplona, 145-01405 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil) Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, 86000-970 Londrina, Parana (Brazil))

1994-02-01

230

Neutrino Physics: A Selective Overview  

E-print Network

Neutrinos in the Standard Model of particle physics are massless, neutral fermions that seemingly do little more than conserve 4-momentum, angular momentum, lepton number, and lepton flavour in weak interactions. In the last decade conclusive evidence has demonstrated that the Standard Model's description of neutrinos does not match reality. We now know that neutrinos undergo flavour oscillations, violating lepton flavour conservation and implying that neutrinos have non-zero mass. A rich oscillation phenomenology then becomes possible, including matter-enhanced oscillation and possibly CP violation in the neutrino sector. Extending the Standard Model to include neutrino masses requires the addition of new fields and mass terms, and possibly new methods of mass generation. In this review article I will discuss the evidence that has established the existence of neutrino oscillation, and then highlight unresolved issues in neutrino physics, such as the nature of three-generational mixing (including CP-violating effects), the origins of neutrino mass, the possible existence of light sterile neutrinos, and the difficult question of measuring the absolute mass scale of neutrinos.

Scott M. Oser

2006-04-11

231

Symmetries in collective neutrino oscillations  

E-print Network

We discuss the relationship between a symmetry in the neutrino flavour evolution equations and neutrino flavour oscillations in the collective precession mode. This collective precession mode can give rise to spectral swaps (splits) when conditions can be approximated as homogeneous and isotropic. Multi-angle numerical simulations of supernova neutrino flavour transformation show that when this approximation breaks down, non-collective neutrino oscillation modes decohere kinematically, but the collective precession mode still is expected to stand out. We provide a criterion for significant flavour transformation to occur if neutrinos participate in a collective precession mode. This criterion can be used to understand the suppression of collective neutrino oscillations in anisotropic environments in the presence of a high matter density. This criterion is also useful in understanding the breakdown of the collective precession mode when neutrino densities are small.

Huaiyu Duan; George M. Fuller; Yong-Zhong Qian

2008-08-14

232

Review of the physics of the neutrino  

SciTech Connect

The status of knowledge with respect to neutrinos is reviewed. Questions covered briefly include whether or not a neutrino is its own antiparticle and neutrino mass. Experimental studies are also considered, including neutrino oscillations, double beta decay, and direct neutrino mass measurements. (LEW)

Robertson, R.G.H.

1986-01-01

233

The JHF-Kamioka neutrino project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The JHF-Kamioka neutrino project is a second generation long base line neutrino oscillation experiment that probes physics beyond the Standard Model by high precision measurements of the neutrino masses and mixing. A high intensity narrow band neutrino beam is produced by secondary pions created by a high intensity proton synchrotron at JHF (JAERI). The neutrino energy is tuned to the

Y. Itow; T. Kajita; K. Kaneyuki; M. Shiozawa; Y. Totsuka; Y. Hayato; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Maruyama; K. Nakamura; Y. Obayashi; Y. Oyama; M. Sakuda; M. Yoshida; S. Aoki; T. Hara; A. Suzuki; A. Ichikawa; T. Nakaya; K. Nishikawa; T. Hasegawa; K. Ishihara; A. Konaka

2001-01-01

234

Nonstandard neutrino interactions and transition magnetic moments  

We constrain generic nonstandard neutrino interactions with existing experimental data on neutrino transition magnetic moments and derive strong bounds on tensorial couplings of neutrinos to charged fermions. We also discuss how some of these tensorial couplings can be constrained by other experiments, e.g., on neutrino-electron and neutrino-nucleus scattering.

Healey, Kristopher J.; Petrov, Alexey A.; Zhuridov, Dmitry

2013-06-01

235

Neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino physics  

E-print Network

The connection of neutrino physics with neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. After presenting the current status of the PMNS matrix and the theoretical background of neutrino mass and lepton mixing, we will summarize the various implications of neutrino physics for double beta decay. The influence of light sterile neutrinos and other exotic modifications of the three neutrino picture is also discussed.

Werner Rodejohann

2012-06-12

236

Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay  

E-print Network

A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9~GW$_{\\rm th}$ nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512~m and 561~m) and one far (1579~m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the $10^{\\rm -3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} < |\\Delta m_{41}^{2}| < 0.3~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ range. The relative spectral distortion due to electron antineutrino disappearance was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on $\\sin^22\\theta_{14}$ cover the $10^{-3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} \\lesssim |\\Delta m^{2}_{41}| \\lesssim 0.1~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ region, which was largely unexplored.

F. P. An; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; I. Butorov; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; Y. L. Chan; J. F. Chang; L. C. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. Chen; Q. Y. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. Chen; X. Chen; Y. X. Chen; Y. Chen; Y. P. Cheng; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; J. de Arcos; Z. Y. Deng; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. A. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; J. Y. Fu; L. Q. Ge; R. Gill; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; M. Grassi; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; G. H. Han; S. Hans; M. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; Y. K. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; L. M. Hu; L. J. Hu; T. Hu; W. Hu; E. C. Huang; H. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; G. Hussain; Z. Isvan; D. E. Jaffe; P. Jaffke; K. L. Jen; S. Jetter; X. P. Ji; X. L. Ji; H. J. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; W. C. Lai; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; J. Lee; R. T. Lei; R. Leitner; A. Leung; J. K. C. Leung; C. A. Lewis; D. J. Li; F. Li; G. S. Li; Q. J. Li; W. D. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. F. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; P. Y. Lin; S. K. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; D. W. Liu; H. Liu; J. L. Liu; J. C. Liu; S. S. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; K. B. Luk; Q. M. Ma; X. Y. Ma; X. B. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; I. Mitchell; J. Monari Kebwaro; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; E. Naumova; I. Nemchenok; H. Y. Ngai; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Olshevski; S. Patton; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; N. Raper; B. Ren; J. Ren; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; B. B. Shao; H. Steiner; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; Y. H. Tam; X. Tang; H. Themann; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. E. Tull; Y. C. Tung; B. Viren; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; W. Wang; W. W. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; H. Y. Wei; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; T. Wise; H. L. H. Wong; S. C. F. Wong; E. Worcester; Q. Wu; D. M. Xia; J. K. Xia; X. Xia; Z. Z. Xing; J. Y. Xu; J. L. Xu; J. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; J. Yan; C. C. Yang; L. Yang; M. S. Yang; M. T. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; B. L. Young; G. Y. Yu; J. Y. Yu; Z. Y. Yu; S. L. Zang; B. Zeng; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; Q. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. M. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; J. H. Zou

2014-07-27

237

Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9 GWth nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512 m and 561 m) and one far (1579 m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the 10-3 eV2<|?m412|<0.3 eV2 range. The relative spectral distortion due to the disappearance of electron antineutrinos was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on sin22?14 cover the 10-3 eV2?|?m412|?0.1 eV2 region, which was largely unexplored.

An, F. P.; Balantekin, A. B.; Band, H. R.; Beriguete, W.; Bishai, M.; Blyth, S.; Butorov, I.; Cao, G. F.; Cao, J.; Chan, Y. L.; Chang, J. F.; Chang, L. C.; Chang, Y.; Chasman, C.; Chen, H.; Chen, Q. Y.; Chen, S. M.; Chen, X.; Chen, X.; Chen, Y. X.; Chen, Y.; Cheng, Y. P.; Cherwinka, J. J.; Chu, M. C.; Cummings, J. P.; de Arcos, J.; Deng, Z. Y.; Ding, Y. Y.; Diwan, M. V.; Draeger, E.; Du, X. F.; Dwyer, D. A.; Edwards, W. R.; Ely, S. R.; Fu, J. Y.; Ge, L. Q.; Gill, R.; Gonchar, M.; Gong, G. H.; Gong, H.; Grassi, M.; Gu, W. Q.; Guan, M. Y.; Guo, X. H.; Hackenburg, R. W.; Han, G. H.; Hans, S.; He, M.; Heeger, K. M.; Heng, Y. K.; Hinrichs, P.; Hor, Y. K.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hu, B. Z.; Hu, L. M.; Hu, L. J.; Hu, T.; Hu, W.; Huang, E. C.; Huang, H.; Huang, X. T.; Huber, P.; Hussain, G.; Isvan, Z.; Jaffe, D. E.; Jaffke, P.; Jen, K. L.; Jetter, S.; Ji, X. P.; Ji, X. L.; Jiang, H. J.; Jiao, J. B.; Johnson, R. A.; Kang, L.; Kettell, S. H.; Kramer, M.; Kwan, K. K.; Kwok, M. W.; Kwok, T.; Lai, W. C.; Lau, K.; Lebanowski, L.; Lee, J.; Lei, R. T.; Leitner, R.; Leung, A.; Leung, J. K. C.; Lewis, C. A.; Li, D. J.; Li, F.; Li, G. S.; Li, Q. J.; Li, W. D.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, Y. F.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Lin, C. J.; Lin, G. L.; Lin, P. Y.; Lin, S. K.; Lin, Y. C.; Ling, J. J.; Link, J. M.; Littenberg, L.; Littlejohn, B. R.; Liu, D. W.; Liu, H.; Liu, J. L.; Liu, J. C.; Liu, S. S.; Liu, Y. B.; Lu, C.; Lu, H. Q.; Luk, K. B.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, X. Y.; Ma, X. B.; Ma, Y. Q.; McDonald, K. T.; McFarlane, M. C.; McKeown, R. D.; Meng, Y.; Mitchell, I.; Monari Kebwaro, J.; Nakajima, Y.; Napolitano, J.; Naumov, D.; Naumova, E.; Nemchenok, I.; Ngai, H. Y.; Ning, Z.; Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P.; Olshevski, A.; Patton, S.; Pec, V.; Peng, J. C.; Piilonen, L. E.; Pinsky, L.; Pun, C. S. J.; Qi, F. Z.; Qi, M.; Qian, X.; Raper, N.; Ren, B.; Ren, J.; Rosero, R.; Roskovec, B.; Ruan, X. C.; Shao, B. B.; Steiner, H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. L.; Tam, Y. H.; Tang, X.; Themann, H.; Tsang, K. V.; Tsang, R. H. M.; Tull, C. E.; Tung, Y. C.; Viren, B.; Vorobel, V.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, L. Y.; Wang, M.; Wang, N. Y.; Wang, R. G.; Wang, W.; Wang, W. W.; Wang, X.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. M.; Webber, D. M.; Wei, H. Y.; Wei, Y. D.; Wen, L. J.; Whisnant, K.; White, C. G.; Whitehead, L.; Wise, T.; Wong, H. L. H.; Wong, S. C. F.; Worcester, E.; Wu, Q.; Xia, D. M.; Xia, J. K.; Xia, X.; Xing, Z. Z.; Xu, J. Y.; Xu, J. L.; Xu, J.; Xu, Y.; Xue, T.; Yan, J.; Yang, C. C.; Yang, L.; Yang, M. S.; Yang, M. T.; Ye, M.; Yeh, M.; Yeh, Y. S.; Young, B. L.; Yu, G. Y.; Yu, J. Y.; Yu, Z. Y.; Zang, S. L.; Zeng, B.; Zhan, L.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, F. H.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, Q. M.; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, Y. C.; Zhang, Y. M.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Y. X.; Zhang, Z. J.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhao, J.; Zhao, Q. W.; Zhao, Y.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zheng, L.; Zhong, W. L.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, Z. Y.; Zhuang, H. L.; Zou, J. H.; Daya Bay Collaboration

2014-10-01

238

Search for a light sterile neutrino at daya bay.  

PubMed

A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9 GW_{th} nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512 m and 561 m) and one far (1579 m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the 10^{-3}??eV^{2}<|?m_{41}^{2}|<0.3??eV^{2} range. The relative spectral distortion due to the disappearance of electron antineutrinos was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on sin^{2}2?_{14} cover the 10^{-3}??eV^{2}?|?m_{41}^{2}|?0.1??eV^{2} region, which was largely unexplored. PMID:25325631

An, F P; Balantekin, A B; Band, H R; Beriguete, W; Bishai, M; Blyth, S; Butorov, I; Cao, G F; Cao, J; Chan, Y L; Chang, J F; Chang, L C; Chang, Y; Chasman, C; Chen, H; Chen, Q Y; Chen, S M; Chen, X; Chen, X; Chen, Y X; Chen, Y; Cheng, Y P; Cherwinka, J J; Chu, M C; Cummings, J P; de Arcos, J; Deng, Z Y; Ding, Y Y; Diwan, M V; Draeger, E; Du, X F; Dwyer, D A; Edwards, W R; Ely, S R; Fu, J Y; Ge, L Q; Gill, R; Gonchar, M; Gong, G H; Gong, H; Grassi, M; Gu, W Q; Guan, M Y; Guo, X H; Hackenburg, R W; Han, G H; Hans, S; He, M; Heeger, K M; Heng, Y K; Hinrichs, P; Hor, Y K; Hsiung, Y B; Hu, B Z; Hu, L M; Hu, L J; Hu, T; Hu, W; Huang, E C; Huang, H; Huang, X T; Huber, P; Hussain, G; Isvan, Z; Jaffe, D E; Jaffke, P; Jen, K L; Jetter, S; Ji, X P; Ji, X L; Jiang, H J; Jiao, J B; Johnson, R A; Kang, L; Kettell, S H; Kramer, M; Kwan, K K; Kwok, M W; Kwok, T; Lai, W C; Lau, K; Lebanowski, L; Lee, J; Lei, R T; Leitner, R; Leung, A; Leung, J K C; Lewis, C A; Li, D J; Li, F; Li, G S; Li, Q J; Li, W D; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Y F; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Lin, C J; Lin, G L; Lin, P Y; Lin, S K; Lin, Y C; Ling, J J; Link, J M; Littenberg, L; Littlejohn, B R; Liu, D W; Liu, H; Liu, J L; Liu, J C; Liu, S S; Liu, Y B; Lu, C; Lu, H Q; Luk, K B; Ma, Q M; Ma, X Y; Ma, X B; Ma, Y Q; McDonald, K T; McFarlane, M C; McKeown, R D; Meng, Y; Mitchell, I; Monari Kebwaro, J; Nakajima, Y; Napolitano, J; Naumov, D; Naumova, E; Nemchenok, I; Ngai, H Y; Ning, Z; Ochoa-Ricoux, J P; Olshevski, A; Patton, S; Pec, V; Peng, J C; Piilonen, L E; Pinsky, L; Pun, C S J; Qi, F Z; Qi, M; Qian, X; Raper, N; Ren, B; Ren, J; Rosero, R; Roskovec, B; Ruan, X C; Shao, B B; Steiner, H; Sun, G X; Sun, J L; Tam, Y H; Tang, X; Themann, H; Tsang, K V; Tsang, R H M; Tull, C E; Tung, Y C; Viren, B; Vorobel, V; Wang, C H; Wang, L S; Wang, L Y; Wang, M; Wang, N Y; Wang, R G; Wang, W; Wang, W W; Wang, X; Wang, Y F; Wang, Z; Wang, Z; Wang, Z M; Webber, D M; Wei, H Y; Wei, Y D; Wen, L J; Whisnant, K; White, C G; Whitehead, L; Wise, T; Wong, H L H; Wong, S C F; Worcester, E; Wu, Q; Xia, D M; Xia, J K; Xia, X; Xing, Z Z; Xu, J Y; Xu, J L; Xu, J; Xu, Y; Xue, T; Yan, J; Yang, C C; Yang, L; Yang, M S; Yang, M T; Ye, M; Yeh, M; Yeh, Y S; Young, B L; Yu, G Y; Yu, J Y; Yu, Z Y; Zang, S L; Zeng, B; Zhan, L; Zhang, C; Zhang, F H; Zhang, J W; Zhang, Q M; Zhang, Q; Zhang, S H; Zhang, Y C; Zhang, Y M; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y X; Zhang, Z J; Zhang, Z Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, Y; Zhao, Y B; Zheng, L; Zhong, W L; Zhou, L; Zhou, Z Y; Zhuang, H L; Zou, J H

2014-10-01

239

Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay  

E-print Network

A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9~GW$_{\\rm th}$ nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512~m and 561~m) and one far (1579~m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the $10^{\\rm -3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} < |\\Delta m_{41}^{2}| < 0.3~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ range. The relative spectral distortion due to electron antineutrino disappearance was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on $\\sin^22\\theta_{14}$ cover the $10^{-3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} \\lesssim |\\Delta m^{2}_{41}| \\lesssim 0.1~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ region, which was largely unexplored.

An, F P; Band, H R; Beriguete, W; Bishai, M; Blyth, S; Butorov, I; Cao, G F; Cao, J; Chan, Y L; Chang, J F; Chang, L C; Chang, Y; Chasman, C; Chen, H; Chen, Q Y; Chen, S M; Chen, X; Chen, X; Chen, Y X; Chen, Y; Cheng, Y P; Cherwinka, J J; Chu, M C; Cummings, J P; de Arcos, J; Deng, Z Y; Ding, Y Y; Diwan, M V; Draeger, E; Du, X F; Dwyer, D A; Edwards, W R; Ely, S R; Fu, J Y; Ge, L Q; Gill, R; Gonchar, M; Gong, G H; Gong, H; Grassi, M; Gu, W Q; Guan, M Y; Guo, X H; Hackenburg, R W; Han, G H; Hans, S; He, M; Heeger, K M; Heng, Y K; Hinrichs, P; Hor, Y K; Hsiung, Y B; Hu, B Z; Hu, L M; Hu, L J; Hu, T; Hu, W; Huang, E C; Huang, H; Huang, X T; Huber, P; Hussain, G; Isvan, Z; Jaffe, D E; Jaffke, P; Jen, K L; Jetter, S; Ji, X P; Ji, X L; Jiang, H J; Jiao, J B; Johnson, R A; Kang, L; Kettell, S H; Kramer, M; Kwan, K K; Kwok, M W; Kwok, T; Lai, W C; Lau, K; Lebanowski, L; Lee, J; Lei, R T; Leitner, R; Leung, A; Leung, J K C; Lewis, C A; Li, D J; Li, F; Li, G S; Li, Q J; Li, W D; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Y F; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Lin, C J; Lin, G L; Lin, P Y; Lin, S K; Lin, Y C; Ling, J J; Link, J M; Littenberg, L; Littlejohn, B R; Liu, D W; Liu, H; Liu, J L; Liu, J C; Liu, S S; Liu, Y B; Lu, C; Lu, H Q; Luk, K B; Ma, Q M; Ma, X Y; Ma, X B; Ma, Y Q; McDonald, K T; McFarlane, M C; McKeown, R D; Meng, Y; Mitchell, I; Kebwaro, J Monari; Nakajima, Y; Napolitano, J; Naumov, D; Naumova, E; Nemchenok, I; Ngai, H Y; Ning, Z; Ochoa-Ricoux, J P; Olshevski, A; Patton, S; Pec, V; Peng, J C; Piilonen, L E; Pinsky, L; Pun, C S J; Qi, F Z; Qi, M; Qian, X; Raper, N; Ren, B; Ren, J; Rosero, R; Roskovec, B; Ruan, X C; Shao, B B; Steiner, H; Sun, G X; Sun, J L; Tam, Y H; Tang, X; Themann, H; Tsang, K V; Tsang, R H M; Tull, C E; Tung, Y C; Viren, B; Vorobel, V; Wang, C H; Wang, L S; Wang, L Y; Wang, M; Wang, N Y; Wang, R G; Wang, W; Wang, W W; Wang, X; Wang, Y F; Wang, Z; Wang, Z; Wang, Z M; Webber, D M; Wei, H Y; Wei, Y D; Wen, L J; Whisnant, K; White, C G; Whitehead, L; Wise, T; Wong, H L H; Wong, S C F; Worcester, E; Wu, Q; Xia, D M; Xia, J K; Xia, X; Xing, Z Z; Xu, J Y; Xu, J L; Xu, J; Xu, Y; Xue, T; Yan, J; Yang, C C; Yang, L; Yang, M S; Yang, M T; Ye, M; Yeh, M; Yeh, Y S; Young, B L; Yu, G Y; Yu, J Y; Yu, Z Y; Zang, S L; Zeng, B; Zhan, L; Zhang, C; Zhang, F H; Zhang, J W; Zhang, Q M; Zhang, Q; Zhang, S H; Zhang, Y C; Zhang, Y M; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y X; Zhang, Z J; Zhang, Z Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, Y; Zhao, Y B; Zheng, L; Zhong, W L; Zhou, L; Zhou, Z Y; Zhuang, H L; Zou, J H

2014-01-01

240

Experimental Neutrino Physics  

ScienceCinema

In this talk, I will review how a set of experiments in the last decade has given us our current understanding of neutrino properties.  I will show how experiments in the last year or two have clarified this picture, and will discuss how new experiments about to start will address remaining questions.  I will particularly emphasize the relationship between various experimental techniques.

Chris Walter

2010-01-08

241

Duality in Neutrino Reactions  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of the phenomenological model for baryon resonance production in lepton-nucleon and lepton-nucleus scattering we investigate to what extent quark-hadron duality is applicable to the neutrino structure functions and how it compares with duality in electron scattering.

Lalakulich, O.; Praet, C.; Jachowicz, N.; Ryckebusch, J. [Department of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium); Melnitchouk, W. [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Paschos, E. A. [Institute of Physics, Dortmund University, Dortmund (Germany)

2007-12-21

242

Neutrino and it's lepton  

E-print Network

In this paper I cite p.p. 100-117 of book G. Quznetsov, Probabilistic Treatment of Gauge Theories, in series Contemporary Fundamental Physics,ed. V. Dvoeglazov, Nova Sci. Publ., NY (2007). There I research a bound between neutrino and it's lepton.

G. Quznetsov

2006-04-19

243

Measurement of Atmospheric Neutrino Oscillations with the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope  

E-print Network

The data taken with the ANTARES neutrino telescope from 2007 to 2010, a total live time of 863 days, are used to measure the oscillation parameters of atmospheric neutrinos. Muon tracks are reconstructed with energies as low as 20 GeV. Neutrino oscillations will cause a suppression of vertical upgoing muon neutrinos of such energies crossing the Earth. The parameters determining the oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos are extracted by fitting the event rate as a function of the ratio of the estimated neutrino energy and reconstructed flight path through the Earth. Measurement contours of the oscillation parameters in a two-flavour approximation are derived. Assuming maximum mixing, a mass difference of $\\Delta m_{32}^2=(3.1\\pm 0.9)\\cdot 10^{-3}$ eV$^2$ is obtained, in good agreement with the world average value.

ANTARES collaboration; S. Adrian-Martinez; I. Al Samarai; A. Albert; M. Andre; M. Anghinolfi; G. Anton; S. Anvar; M. Ardid; T. Astraatmadja; J. -J. Aubert; B. Baret; S. Basa; V. Bertin; S. Biagi; C. Bigongiari; C. Bogazzi; M. Bou-Cabo; B. Bouhou; M. C. Bouwhuis; J. Brunner; J. Busto; A. Capone; C. Carloganu; J. Carr; S. Cecchini; Z. Charif; Ph. Charvis; T. Chiarusi; M. Circella; R. Coniglione; L. Core; H. Costantini; P. Coyle; A. Creusot; C. Curtil; G. De Bonis; M. P. Decowski; I. Dekeyser; A. Deschamps; C. Distefano; C. Donzaud; D. Dornic; Q. Dorosti; D. Drouhin; T. Eberl; U. Emanuele; A. Enzenhoefer; J. -P. Ernenwein; S. Escoffier; K. Fehn; P. Fermani; M. Ferri; S. Ferry; V. Flaminio; F. Folger; U. Fritsch; J. -L. Fuda; S. Galata; P. Gay; K. Geyer; G. Giacomelli; V. Giordano; A. Gleixner; J. P. Gomez-Gonzalez; K. Graf; G. Guillard; G. Hallewell; M. Hamal; H. van Haren; A. J. Heijboer; Y. Hello; J. J. Hernandez-Rey; B. Herold; J. Hoessl; C. C. Hsu; M. de Jong; M. Kadler; O. Kalekin; A. Kappes; U. Katz; O. Kavatsyuk; P. Kooijman; C. Kopper; A. Kouchner; I. Kreykenbohm; V. Kulikovskiy; R. Lahmann; G. Lambard; G. Larosa; D. Lattuada; D. Lefevre; G. Lim; D. Lo Presti; H. Loehner; S. Loucatos; F. Louis; S. Mangano; M. Marcelin; A. Margiotta; J. A. Martinez-Mora; A. Meli; T. Montaruli; M. Morganti; L. Moscoso; H. Motz; M. Neff; E. Nezri; D. Palioselitis; G. E. Pavalas; K. Payet; J. Petrovic; P. Piattelli; V. Popa; T. Pradier; E. Presani; C. Racca; C. Reed; G. Riccobene; C. Richardt; R. Richter; C. Riviere; A. Robert; K. Roensch; A. Rostovtsev; J. Ruiz-Rivas; M. Rujoiu; G. V. Russo; D. F. E. Samtleben; A. Sanchez-Losa; P. Sapienza; J. Schmid; J. Schnabel; F. Schoeck; J. -P. Schuller; F. Schuessler; T. Seitz; R. Shanidze; F. Simeone; A. Spies; M. Spurio; J. J. M. Steijger; Th. Stolarczyk; M. Taiuti; C. Tamburini; A. Trovato; B. Vallage; C. Vallee; V. Van Elewyck; M. Vecchi; P. Vernin; E. Visser; S. Wagner; G. Wijnker; J. Wilms; E. de Wolf; H. Yepes; D. Zaborov; J. D. Zornoza; J. Zuniga

2012-06-04

244

Testing solar lepton mixing sum rules in neutrino oscillation experiments  

E-print Network

Small discrete family symmetries such as S4, A4 or A5 may lead to simple leading-order predictions for the neutrino mixing matrix such as the bimaximal, tribimaximal or golden ratio mixing patterns, which may be brought into agreement with experimental data with the help of corrections from the charged-lepton sector. Such scenarios generally lead to relations among the parameters of the physical leptonic mixing matrix known as solar lepton mixing sum rules. In this article, we present a simple derivation of such solar sum rules, valid for arbitrary neutrino and charged lepton mixing angles and phases, assuming only {\\theta}13^{\

Ballett, Peter; Luhn, Christoph; Pascoli, Silvia; Schmidt, Michael A

2014-01-01

245

Testing solar lepton mixing sum rules in neutrino oscillation experiments  

E-print Network

Small discrete family symmetries such as S4, A4 or A5 may lead to simple leading-order predictions for the neutrino mixing matrix such as the bimaximal, tribimaximal or golden ratio mixing patterns, which may be brought into agreement with experimental data with the help of corrections from the charged-lepton sector. Such scenarios generally lead to relations among the parameters of the physical leptonic mixing matrix known as solar lepton mixing sum rules. In this article, we present a simple derivation of such solar sum rules, valid for arbitrary neutrino and charged lepton mixing angles and phases, assuming only {\\theta}13^{\

Peter Ballett; Stephen F. King; Christoph Luhn; Silvia Pascoli; Michael A. Schmidt

2014-10-28

246

Relating quark mixing neutrino mixing and {delta}{sub lep}  

SciTech Connect

It is proposed that all flavor mixing is caused by the mixing of the three quark and lepton families with vectorlike fermions in 5+5-bar multiplets of SU(5). The entire 3 Multiplication-Sign 3 complex mass matrix of the neutrinos M{sub {nu}} is then found to have a simple expression in terms of two complex parameters and an overall scale. Thus, all the presently unknown neutrino parameters are predicted. The best fits are for {theta}{sub atm} Less-Than-Or-Equivalent-To 40 Degree-Sign The leptonic Dirac CP phase is found to be somewhat greater than {pi}.

Barr, S. M.; Chen Hengyu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware (United States)

2013-05-23

247

Massive Neutrinos and (Heterotic) String Theory  

E-print Network

String theories in principle address the origin and values of the quark and lepton masses. Perhaps the small values of neutrino masses could be explained generically in string theory even if it is more difficult to calculate individual values, or perhaps some string constructions could be favored by generating small neutrino masses. We examine this issue in the context of the well-known three-family standard-like Z_3 heterotic orbifolds, where the theory is well enough known to construct the corresponding operators allowed by string selection rules, and analyze the D- and F-flatness conditions. Surprisingly, we find that a simple see-saw mechanism does not arise. It is not clear whether this is a property of this construction, or of orbifolds more generally, or of string theory itself. Extended see-saw mechanisms may be allowed; more analysis will be needed to settle that issue. We briefly speculate on their form if allowed and on the possibility of alternatives, such as small Dirac masses and triplet see-saws. The smallness of neutrino masses may be a powerful probe of string constructions in general. We also find further evidence that there are only 20 inequivalent models in this class, which affects the counting of string vacua.

Joel Giedt; G. L. Kane; Paul Langacker; Brent D. Nelson

2005-02-02

248

Solar mass-varying neutrino oscillations  

E-print Network

We propose that the solar neutrino deficit may be due to oscillations of mass-varying neutrinos (MaVaNs). This scenario elucidates solar neutrino data beautifully while remaining comfortably compatible with atmospheric ...

Marfatia, Danny; Huber, P.; Barger, V.

2005-11-18

249

Neutrinos, Oscillations and New Physics: An Introduction  

SciTech Connect

An introduction to the neutrino and neutrino oscillations and their role in the standard model of particle physics is presented. Current results and a plan for future experiments in neutrino physics are summarized.

Tayloe, Rex [Indiana University, Dept. of Physics, Bloomington, Indiana, 47405 (United States)

2006-07-11

250

Fourth-Grade Proficiency Tests: Information Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ohio Fourth-grade Proficiency Tests, which are described in this information guide, are designed to measure a fourth-grade level of literacy and basic competence. Proficiency tests in writing, reading, mathematics, and citizenship were implemented in March 1995, and a science assessment is planned for March 1996. These tests will be…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

251

FABRIC FILTER SYSTEM STUDY; FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the fourth year of operation (ending October 1, 1981) of a fabric filter installed by Southwestern Public Service Co. on its Harrington Station Unit 2 coal-fired boiler in Amarillo, Texas. Project work during the fourth year concentrated on fabric stud...

252

Poor Children's Fourth-Grade Slump.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study of second, fourth, and sixth graders who completed reading and language tests over 2 years, low-income second and third graders achieved as well as their normative peers on all subtests. However, around fourth grade, their reading scores began to decline. One possible cause for this slump may stem from lack of fluency and automaticity.…

Chall, Jeanne S.; Jacobs, Vicki A.

2003-01-01

253

Fourth Grade University of Chicago Laboratory Schools  

E-print Network

1 Fourth Grade Program of Study 2009-2010 #12;2 University of Chicago Laboratory Schools Lower School Program of Studies Fourth Grade Table of Contents All School Mission Statement and Goals 3. The committee is composed of representatives from each of the grade levels, including faculty from special areas

Scherer, Norbert F.

254

Neutrino magnetic moment effects in neutrino nucleus reactions  

SciTech Connect

Some low energy neutrino nucleus reactions induced by neutrinos (antineutrinos) having a magnetic moment of the order of 10{sup {minus}9}{minus}10{sup {minus}10} Bohr magneton are studied. It is found that in the case of {sup 4}He, {sup 12}C, and {sup 16}O, the detection of very low energy scalar and isoscalar elastic and inelastic reactions induced by the isoscalar vector currents can provide a better limit on the neutrino magnetic moment.

Singh, S.K.; Athar, M.S. [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002 (India)] [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002 (India)

1995-10-01

255

Fourth order spatial derivative gravity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we study a modified theory of gravity that contains up to fourth order spatial derivatives as a model for the Ho?ava-Lifshitz gravity. The propagator is evaluated and, as a result, one extra pole is obtained, corresponding to a spin-2 nonrelativistic massless particle, an extra term which jeopardizes renormalizability, besides the unexpected general relativity unmodified propagator. Then unitarity is proved at the tree level, where the general relativity pole has been shown to have no dynamics, remaining only the 2 degrees of freedom of the new pole. Next, the nonrelativistic effective potential is determined from a scattering process of two identical massive gravitationally interacting bosons. In this limit, Newton’s potential is obtained, together with a Darwin-like term that comes from the extra nonpole term in the propagator. Regarding renormalizability, this extra term may be harmful by power counting, but it can be eliminated by adjusting the free parameters of the model. This adjustment is in accord with the detailed balance condition suggested in the literature and shows that the way in which extra spatial derivative terms are added is of fundamental importance.

Bemfica, F. S.; Gomes, M.

2011-10-01

256

Fourth international radiopharmaceutical dosimetry symposium  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the Fourth International Radiopharmaceutical Dosimetry Symposium was to explore the impact of current developments in nuclear medicine on absorbed dose calculations. This book contains the proceedings of the meeting including the edited discussion that followed the presentations. Topics that were addressed included the dosimetry associated with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies and blood elements, ultrashort-lived radionuclides, and positron emitters. Some specific areas of discussion were variations in absorbed dose as a result of alterations in the kinetics, the influence of radioactive contaminants on dose, dose in children and in the fetus, available instrumentation and techniques for collecting the kinetic data needed for dose calculation, dosimetry requirements for the review and approval of new radiopharmaceuticals, and a comparison of the effect on the thyroid of internal versus external irradiation. New models for the urinary blader, skeleton including the active marrow, and the blood were presented. Several papers dealt with the validity of traditional ''average-organ'' dose estimates to express the dose from particulate radiation that has a short range in tissue. These problems are particularly important in the use of monoclonal antibodies and agents used to measure intracellular functions. These proceedings have been published to provide a resource volume for anyone interested in the calculation of absorbed radiation dose.

Schlafke-Stelson, A.T.; Watson, E.E. (eds.)

1986-04-01

257

Solar Neutrino Data, Neutrino Magnetic Moments and Flavor Mixing  

E-print Network

The results of all currently operating solar neutrino experiments are analyzed in the framework of the resonant neutrino spin--flavor precession scenario including the effects of neutrino mixing. Nine different profiles of the solar magnetic field are used in the calculations. It is shown that the available experimental data can be accounted for within the considered scenario. The Ga--Ge data lead to an upper limit on the neutrino mixing angle: $\\sin 2\\theta_0 \\aprle 0.25$. One can discriminate between small mixing angle ($\\sin 2\\theta_0 \\aprle 0.1$) and moderate mixing angle solutions by studying the solar $\\bar{\

E. Kh. Akhmedov; A. Lanza; S. T. Petcov

1994-11-15

258

Neutrino oscillations with disentanglement of a neutrino from its partners  

E-print Network

We bring attention to the fact that in order to understand existing data on neutrino oscillations, and to design future experiments, it is imperative to appreciate the role of quantum entanglement. Once this is accounted for, the resulting energy-momentum conserving phenomenology requires a single new parameter related to disentanglement of a neutrino from its partners. This parameter may not be CP symmetric. We illustrate the new ideas, with potentially measurable effects, in the context of a novel experiment recently proposed by Gavrin, Gorbachev, Veretenkin, and Cleveland. The strongest impact of our ideas is on the resolution of various anomalies in neutrino oscillations and on neutrino propagation in astrophysical environments.

D. V. Ahluwalia; S. P. Horvath

2011-02-01

259

Burst Neutrinos from Nitrogen Flash  

E-print Network

Neutrinos give a novel probe to explore deep interior of astrophysical objects, which otherwise is not accessible with optical observations; among notable examples are solar and supernova neutrinos. We show that there is a new class of strong neutrino emission from helium burning, N + alpha --> 18F gamma followed by beta decay 18F --> 18O + e+ + nu_e, that gives a maximum neutrino luminosity of 10^8 times the solar bolometric luminosity at the helium-core flash of a 1 M_sun star, whereas the flash is not observable by optical means. This means that the neutrino flux, of average energy of 0.382 MeV, will be 10% the solar CNO neutrino flux on Earth if the star is located at 10pc.

A. M. Serenelli; M. Fukugita

2005-05-16

260

Probing Superluminal Neutrinos Via Refraction  

E-print Network

One phenomenological explanation of superluminal propagation of neutrinos, which may have been observed by OPERA and MINOS, is that neutrinos travel faster inside of matter than in vacuum. If so neutrinos exhibit refraction inside matter and should exhibit other manifestations of refraction, such as deflection and reflection. Such refraction would be easily detectable through the momentum imparted to appropriately shaped refractive material inserted into the neutrino beam. For NuMI this could be as large as ~10g cm/s. If these effect were found, they would provide new ways of manipulating and detecting neutrinos. Reasons why this scenario seems implausible are given, however it is still worthwhile to conduct simple searches for differential refraction of neutrinos.

Albert Stebbins

2011-10-10

261

Neutrino exploration of the earth  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show how the neutrinos produced by a multi-TeV proton synchotron may be used for purposes of geological research. Project GENIUS (geological exploration by neutrino-induced underground sound) is designed to search for deposits of oil and gas at large distances from the accelerator. It depends upon the coherent sound signal produced at depth by millions of neutrino interactions along the

A. de Rújula; S. L. Glashow; R. R. Wilson; G. Charpak

1983-01-01

262

Advancements in Solar Neutrino Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review the results of solar neutrino physics, with particular attention to the data obtained and the analyses performed in the last decades, which were determinant to solve the solar neutrino problem (SNP), proving that neutrinos are massive and oscillating particles and contributing to refine the solar models. We also discuss the perspectives of the presently running experiments in this sector and of the ones planned for the near future and the impact they can have on elementary particle physics and astrophysics.

Miramonti, Lino; Antonelli, Vito

2013-05-01

263

Parity Violation and Neutrino Mass  

E-print Network

Besides the fact of parity violation in weak interactions, based on evidences from neutrino oscillation and tritium beta decay, a natural conjecture is that neutrinos may be spacelike particles with a tiny proper mass. A Dirac-type equation for spacelike neutrinos is further investigated and its solutions are discussed. This equation can be written in two spinor equations coupled together via nonzero proper mass while respecting maximum parity violation.

Tsao Chang

2002-08-26

264

Neutrino Interactions at Ultrahigh Energies  

E-print Network

We report new calculations of the cross sections for deeply inelastic neutrino-nucleon scattering at neutrino energies between $10^{9}\\ev$ and $10^{21}\\ev$. We compare with results in the literature and assess the reliability of our predictions. For completeness, we briefly review the cross sections for neutrino interactions with atomic electrons, emphasizing the role of the $W$-boson resonance in $\\bar{\

Raj Gandhi; Chris Quigg; Mary Hall Reno; Ina Sarcevic

1998-07-06

265

Muon colliders and neutrino factories  

SciTech Connect

Over the last decade there has been significant progress in developing the concepts and technologies needed to produce, capture and accelerate {Omicron}(10{sup 21}) muons/year. This development prepares the way for a new type of neutrino source (Neutrino Factory) and a new type of very high energy lepton-antilepton collider (Muon Collider). This article reviews the motivation, design and R&D for Neutrino Factories and Muon Colliders.

Geer, S.; /Fermilab

2010-09-01

266

Muon Colliders and Neutrino Factories  

SciTech Connect

Over the past decade, there has been significant progress in developing the concepts and technologies needed to produce, capture, and accelerate {Omicron}(10{sup 21}) muons per year. These developments have paved the way for a new type of neutrino source (neutrino factory) and a new type of very high energy lepton-antilepton collider (muon collider). This article reviews the motivation, design, and research and development for future neutrino factories and muon colliders.

Geer, Steve; /Fermilab

2009-11-01

267

MINOS atmospheric neutrino contained events  

SciTech Connect

The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) experiment has continued to collect atmospheric neutrino events while doing a precision measurement of NuMI beam {nu}{sub {mu}} disappearance oscillations. The 5.4 kton iron calorimeter is magnetized to provide the unique capability of discriminating between {nu}{sub {mu}} and {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} interactions on an event-by-event basis and has been collecting atmospheric neutrino data since July 2003. An analysis of the neutrino events with interaction vertices contained inside the detector will be presented.

Habig, A.; /Minnesota U.

2007-10-01

268

Neutrino clouds and dark matter  

SciTech Connect

We have examined the consequences of assuming the existence of a light scalar boson, weakly coupled to neutrinos, and not coupled to any other light fermions. For a range of parameters, we find that this hypothesis leads to the development of neutrino clusters which form in the early Universe and which provide gravitational fluctuations on scales small compared to a parsec (i.e., the scale of solar systems). Under some conditions, this can produce anomalous gravitational acceleration within solar systems and lead to a vanishing of neutrino mass-squared differences, giving rise to strong neutrino oscillation effects.

Goldman, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); McKellar, B.H.J. [Melbourne Univ., Parkville, VIC (Australia); Stephenson, G.J. Jr. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-12-31

269

From Superbeams to Neutrino Factories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Neutrino Factory, which produces an extremely intense source of flavor-tagged neutrinos from muon decays in a storage ring, arguably gives the best physics reach for CP violation, as well as virtually all parameters in the neutrino oscillation parameter space. I will briefly describe the physics capabilities of the baseline Neutrino Factory as compared to other possible future facilities (?-beam and super-beam facilities), give an overview of the accelerator complex and describe in detail the current international R&D program.

Bross, Alan

2010-03-01

270

Prenatal abnormal features of the fourth ventricle in Joubert syndrome and related disorders.  

PubMed

Joubert syndrome and related disorders (JSRD) are characterized by absence or underdevelopment of the cerebellar vermis and a malformed brainstem. This family of disorders is a member of an emerging class of diseases called ciliopathies. We describe the abnormal features of the brain, particularly the fourth ventricle, in seven fetuses affected by JSRD. In three cases abnormality of the fourth ventricle was isolated and in four cases there were associated malformations. The molar tooth sign (MTS) was always present and visible on two-dimensional ultrasound and, when performed, on three-dimensional ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. The fourth ventricle was always abnormal, in both axial and sagittal views, presenting pathognomonic deformities. It is important to identify JSRD, preferably prenatally or at least postnatally, due to its high risk of recurrence of about 25%. A detailed prenatal assessment of the fourth ventricle in several views may help to achieve this goal. PMID:23868831

Quarello, E; Molho, M; Garel, C; Couture, A; Legac, M P; Moutard, M L; Bault, J P; Fallet-Bianco, C; Guibaud, L

2014-02-01

271

Implications of Neutrino Oscillations on the Dark-Matter World  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to my own belief that "The God wouldn't create a world that is so boring that a particle knows only the very feeble weak interaction.", maybe we underestimate the roles of neutrinos. We note that right-handed neutrinos play no roles, or don't exist, in the minimal Standard Model. We discuss the language to write down an extended Standard Model - using renormalizable quantum field theory as the language; to start with a certain set of basic units under a certain gauge group; in fact, to use the three right-handed neutrinos to initiate the family gauge group SUf(3). Specifically we use the left-handed and right-handed spinors to form the basic units together with SUc(3)×SUL(2)×U(1)×SUf(3) as the gauge group. The dark-matter SUf(3) world couples with the lepton world, but not with the quark world. Amazingly enough, the space of the Standard-Model Higgs ?(1,2), the family Higgs triplet ?(3, 1), and the neutral part of the mixed family Higgs ?0(3,2) undergoes the spontaneous symmetry breaking, i.e. the Standard-Model Higgs mechanism and the "project-out" family Higgs mechanism, to give rise to the weak bosons W± and Z0, one Standard-Model Higgs, the eight massive family gauge bosons, and the remaining four massive neutral family Higgs particles, and nothing more. Thus, the roles of neutrinos in this extended Standard Model are extremely interesting in connection with the dark-matter world.

Hwang, W.-Y. Pauchy

2014-01-01

272

Natural Neutrino Dark Energy  

SciTech Connect

1 construct a general description for neutrino dark energy models, that do not require exotic particles or strange couplings. With the help of the above, this class of models is reduced to a single function with several constraints. It is shown that these models lead to some concrete predictions that can be verified (or disproved) within the next decade, using results from PLANK, EUCLID and JDEM.

Gurwich, Ilya [Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel)

2010-06-23

273

Entanglement of neutrino states  

E-print Network

Muon and muon antineutrino born in the decay of charged pion form the entangled spin state. The decay of muon with the left helicity triggers the left helicity for muon antineutrino to preserve the null total angular momentum of muon and muon antineutrino. This is forbidden for antineutrino hence one cannot detect the muon antineutrino after the decay of muon. This effect may explain the deficit of muon neutrino flux in the Super-Kamiokande, K2K, MINOS experiments.

D. L. Khokhlov

2007-03-21

274

Neutrino physics at LAMPF  

SciTech Connect

There are three neutrino experiments at LAMPF in various stages of completion or development. E225, the study of electron-neutrino electron scattering, which completed data taking in December 1986 and has just about completed all its analysis. E645, a search for /bar /nu///sub ..mu../ ..-->.. /bar /nu///sub e/ oscillation, is in its third and final year of data taking. The Large Cerenkov Detector (LCD), associated with E1015, has undergone extensive scientific and technical review and we are presently trying to obtain the necessary funds to build the detector, beam line, and target. In the following, each of these experiments will be briefly discussed. Before doing so, it is useful to show the characteristics of the neutrino spectrum resulting from the decay of ..pi../sup +/ at rest. It is also useful to realize that, on average, an 800-MeV proton from LAMPF produces about 0.1 ..pi../sup +/ decaying at rest. 16 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Garvey, G.T.

1989-01-01

275

Observables in Neutrino Mass Spectroscopy Using Atoms  

E-print Network

The process of collective de-excitation of atoms in a metastable level into emission mode of a single photon plus a neutrino pair, called radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP), is sensitive to the absolute neutrino mass scale, to the neutrino mass hierarchy and to the nature (Dirac or Majorana) of massive neutrinos. We investigate how the indicated neutrino mass and mixing observables can be determined from the measurement of the corresponding continuous photon spectrum taking the example of a transition between specific levels of the Yb atom. The possibility of determining the nature of massive neutrinos and, if neutrinos are Majorana fermions, of obtaining information about the Majorana phases in the neutrino mixing matrix, is analyzed in the cases of normal hierarchical, inverted hierarchical and quasi-degenerate types of neutrino mass spectrum. We find, in particular, that the sensitivity to the nature of massive neutrinos depends critically on the atomic level energy difference relevant in the RENP.

D. N. Dinh; S. T. Petcov; N. Sasao; M. Tanaka; M. Yoshimura

2012-09-21

276

Sensitivity of neutrino mass experiments to the cosmic neutrino background  

E-print Network

The KATRIN neutrino experiment is a next-generation tritium beta decay experiment aimed at measuring the mass of the electron neutrino to better than 200 meV at 90% C.L. Because of its intense tritium source, KATRIN can ...

Formaggio, Joseph A.

277

Neutrino self-energy operator and neutrino magnetic moment  

SciTech Connect

A simple method for calculating the magnetic moment of a massive neutrino on the basis of its self-energy operator is presented. An expression for the magnetic moment of a massive neutrino in an external electromagnetic field is obtained in the R{sub {xi}} gauge for the case of an arbitrary ratio of the lepton and W-boson masses.

Dobrynina, A. A., E-mail: elenan@uniyar.ac.ru; Mikheev, N. V.; Narynskaya, E. N. [Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)] [Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15

278

Future neutrino physics with LENA (Low Energy Neutrino Astronomy)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The proposed large-volume detector LENA (Low Energy Neutrino Astronomy) is a multi-purpose liquid-scintillator experiment. Its sensitive mass of 50 kt allows for high-statistic measurements of astrophysical and terrestrial low-energy neutrino sources. Moreover, new limits might be put on the lifetime of the proton decay channel into K+bar nu.

Winter, J.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Hellgartner, D.; Lewke, T.; Marrodán Undagoitia, T.; Meindl, Q.; Möllenberg, R.; Oberauer, L.; Tippmann, M.; Wurm, M.

2012-07-01

279

Looking for Cosmic Neutrino Background  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the discovery of neutrino oscillation in atmospheric neutrinos by the Super-Kamiokande experiment in 1998, study of neutrinos has been one of exciting fields in high-energy physics. All the mixing angles were measured. Quests for 1) measurements of the remaining parameters, the lightest neutrino mass, the CP violating phase(s), and the sign of mass splitting between the mass eigenstates m3 and m1, and 2) better measurements to determine whether the mixing angle theta23 is less than pi/4, are in progress in a well-controlled manner. Determining the nature of neutrinos, whether they are Dirac or Majorana particles is also in progress with continuous improvement. On the other hand, although the ideas of detecting cosmic neutrino background have been discussed since 1960s, there has not been a serious concerted effort to achieve this goal. One of the reasons is that it is extremely difficult to detect such low energy neutrinos from the Big Bang. While there has been tremendous accumulation of information on Cosmic Microwave Background since its discovery in 1965, there is no direct evidence for Cosmic Neutrino Background. The importance of detecting Cosmic Neutrino Background is that, although detailed studies of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Cosmic Microwave Background give information of the early Universe at ~a few minutes old and ~300 k years old, respectively, observation of Cosmic Neutrino Background allows us to study the early Universe at ˜ 1 sec old. This article reviews progress made in the past 50 years on detection methods of Cosmic Neutrino Background.

Yanagisawa, Chiaki

2014-06-01

280

Sensitivity of neutrino mass experiments to the cosmic neutrino background  

SciTech Connect

The KATRIN neutrino experiment is a next-generation tritium beta decay experiment aimed at measuring the mass of the electron neutrino to better than 200 meV at 90% C.L. Because of its intense tritium source, KATRIN can also serve as a possible target for the process of neutrino capture, {nu}{sub e}+{sup 3}H{yields}{sup 3}He{sup +}+e{sup -}. The latter process, possessing no energy threshold, is sensitive to the cosmic neutrino background (C{nu}B). In this paper, we explore the potential sensitivity of the KATRIN experiment to the relic neutrino density. The KATRIN experiment is sensitive to a C{nu}B overdensity ratio of 2.0x10{sup 9} over standard concordance model predictions (at 90% C.L.), addressing the validity of certain speculative cosmological models.

Kaboth, A.; Formaggio, J. A.; Monreal, B. [Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States); Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California (United States)

2010-09-15

281

Neutrino mass and mixing: Summary of the neutrino sessions  

SciTech Connect

A great deal of experimental and theoretical effort is underway to use neutrinos as a probe for Physics Beyond the Standard Model. Most of these efforts center on the questions of the possible existence of non zero neutrino mass and mixing. Sessions at the Moriond conferences have dealt with these questions at most of the meetings during the last several years and this year was no exception. Presentations covering most of the current and planned research in this field were presented and discussed. Although there is, at present, no definitive evidence for a non zero neutrino mass and mixing, several unresolved problems (in particular solar neutrinos) do seem to be indicating the likely existence of new neutrino properties. It is likely that before the end of this decade, efforts now being initiated will be able to determine whether or not the hints we are now seeing are really due to new physics.

Bowles, T.J.

1993-01-01

282

Neutrino mass and mixing: Summary of the neutrino sessions  

SciTech Connect

A great deal of experimental and theoretical effort is underway to use neutrinos as a probe for Physics Beyond the Standard Model. Most of these efforts center on the questions of the possible existence of non zero neutrino mass and mixing. Sessions at the Moriond conferences have dealt with these questions at most of the meetings during the last several years and this year was no exception. Presentations covering most of the current and planned research in this field were presented and discussed. Although there is, at present, no definitive evidence for a non zero neutrino mass and mixing, several unresolved problems (in particular solar neutrinos) do seem to be indicating the likely existence of new neutrino properties. It is likely that before the end of this decade, efforts now being initiated will be able to determine whether or not the hints we are now seeing are really due to new physics.

Bowles, T.J.

1993-06-01

283

45. Neutrino Cross Section Measurements 1 45. Neutrino Cross Section Measurements  

E-print Network

45. Neutrino Cross Section Measurements 1 45. Neutrino Cross Section Measurements Written in April 2012 by G.P. Zeller (Fermilab) Neutrino interaction cross sections are an essential ingredient in most neutrino experiments. Interest in neutrino scattering has recently increased due to the need

284

DNP / DPF / DAP / DPB JOINT STUDY ON THE FUTURE OF NEUTRINO PHYSICS The Neutrino Matrix  

E-print Network

DNP / DPF / DAP / DPB JOINT STUDY ON THE FUTURE OF NEUTRINO PHYSICS The Neutrino Matrix #12;#12;THE NEUTRINO MATRIX Prepared by the Members of the APS Multi-Divisional Neutrino Study* NOVEMBER, 2004 matrix n The Neutrino Matrix * Please see Appendices A and B · APS American Physical Society · DNP Division of Nuclear

285

IASSIACM 2000 Fourth International Colloquium on  

E-print Network

IASS­IACM 2000 Fourth International Colloquium on Computation of Shell & Spatial Structures June 4â??c et al. [15] amended the displacement interpolation of a four node quadrilateral element by the Allman

Stenberg, Rolf

286

Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics : Highlights  

E-print Network

This article presents an overview of neutrino physics research, with highlights on the physics goals, results and interpretations of the current neutrino experiments and future directions and program. It is not meant to be a comprehensive account or detailed review article. Interested readers can pursue the details via the listed references.

Henry Tsz-King Wong

2005-10-01

287

Neutrino Oscillations. Theory and Experiment  

E-print Network

The theoretical schemes on neutrino oscillations are considered. The experimental data on neutrino oscillations from Super-Kamiokande (Japan) and SNO (Kanada) are given. Comparison of these data with theoretical schemes is done. Conclusion is made that the experimental data have confirmed the scheme only with transitions (oscillations) between aromatic $\

Kh. M. Beshtoev

2002-04-28

288

Cosmology of "Visible" Sterile Neutrinos  

E-print Network

We point out that in scenarios with a low reheating temperature $T_R cosmological bounds become less stringent than usually assumed, allowing sterile neutrinos to be ``visible'' in future experiments. For example, the sterile neutrino required by the LSND result does not have any cosmological problem within these scenarios.

Graciela B. Gelmini

2004-12-21

289

Lepton textures and neutrino oscillations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A systematic analysis of the textures arising in lepton mass matrices have been carried out using unitary transformations and condition of naturalness for the Dirac and Majorana neutrino possibilities. It is observed that the recent three neutrino oscillation data together with the effective mass in neutrinoless double beta decay provide vital clues in predicting the general structures of these lepton mass matrices.

Verma, Rohit

2014-08-01

290

Neutrinos and Dark Energy Dissertation  

E-print Network

Neutrinos and Dark Energy Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades des Departments Physik der of Dark Energy. As has been widely discussed, the cosmic neutrino background naturally qualifies for a connection with the Dark Energy sector and as a result could play a key role for the origin of cosmic

291

Is There a Massive Neutrino?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the question of whether "heavy" neutrinos really do exist based on the evidence supplied by four research groups. The implications of its existence on the disciplines of particle physics, astrophsyics, and cosmology are discussed. Background information on the different types of neutrinos is provided. (KR)

Selvin, Paul

1991-01-01

292

The Solar-Neutrino Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with its familiar heat and light, the sun radiates great quantities of elusive subatomic particles called neutrinos. Neutrinos have no electric charge, are virtually massless and move approximately at the speed of light. They are unaffected even by the strong nuclear force that holds the nuclei of atoms together. Observing such particles presents a formidable challenge, one that is

John N. Bahcall

1990-01-01

293

Solar Neutrinos, SNO and SNOLAB  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory has completed operation in its third phase with an array of neutron detectors in 1000 tonnes of heavy water and Cherenkov light detection 2 km underground in INCO's Creighton mine near Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. Data from the third phase is now being analyzed. In the first two phases of the project reported previously, the neutral current reaction on deuterium was used to determine the total flux of active neutrinos and the charged current reaction on deuterium provided a measure of the flux and energy spectrum of solar electron neutrinos. The flux of electron neutrinos was found to be only about one third of the total flux, providing clear evidence of neutrino flavour change. The total flux of active neutrinos was found to be in agreement with solar model calculations. The underground laboratory is being expanded to create an international facility known as SNOLAB that will be completed at the end of 2007. Proposed future experiments for the detection of lower energy solar neutrinos, geo-neutrinos, dark matter and double beta decay are described.

McDonald, A. B.

2007-06-01

294

Superluminal group velocity of neutrinos  

E-print Network

We suggest a possible interpretation of the recent observation by the OPERA collaboration of superluminal propagation of neutrinos. We show that it is in principle possible that the group velocity of neutrinos exceeds the speed of light without violating special relativity.

Antonio Mecozzi; Marco Bellini

2011-10-06

295

Solar Hydrogen Burning and Neutrinos  

E-print Network

We summarize the current status of laboratory measurements of nuclear cross sections of the pp chain and CN cycle. We discuss the connections between such measurements, predictions of solar neutrino fluxes, and the conclusion that solar neutrinos oscillate before reaching earth.

W. C. Haxton; P. D. Parker; C. E. Rolfs

2005-01-10

296

High energy neutrinos from quasars  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review and clarify the assumptions of our basic model for neutrino production in the cores of quasars, as well as those modifications to the model made subsequently by other workers. We also present a revised estimate of the neutrino background flux and spectrum obtained using more recent empirical studies of quasars and their evolution. We compare our results with

F. W. Stecker; M. H. Salamon

1996-01-01

297

Considering Network Recursion and Bartok's "Fourths"  

E-print Network

document contains the author’s final draft. For the publisher’s version, see the link in the header of this document.] Considering Network Recursion and Bartók’s “Fourths” By Scott Murphy Music Department, the University of Kansas Paper citation...: Murphy, Scott. “Considering Network Recursion and Bartók’s ‘Fourths’,” Music Theory Online 13/3 (September 2007). Keywords: Klumpenhouwer network, recursion, self-similarity, Bartók, analysis, inversion, mirror, axis, register Abstract: Notions...

Murphy, Scott

2007-09-01

298

Youth at Risk: A Prevention Resource for Counselors, Teachers, and Parents. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth revision of this text offers both tested prevention strategies for work with diverse at-risk populations and counseling techniques that address the complexities of destructive behavior from individual, family, school, and community perspectives. Drawing on the wisdom of 24 experts, this book provides concrete advice for creating and…

Capuzzi, David, Ed.; Gross, Douglas R., Ed.

299

School Violence, School Reform, and the Fourth Amendment in Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses administrator responsibility and student rights under the Fourth Amendment. Reviews search and seizure case law in school settings, highlighting "New Jersey v. TLO,""Vernonia v. Acton," and other landmark decisions. Some experts advocate a moral or cultural ethos fostering a sense of family and community, character and pride, symbol and…

Stefkovich, Jacqueline A.; Guba, Gloria J.

1998-01-01

300

The Fourth Annual Report of the Wisconsin Poverty Project Wisconsin Poverty Report  

E-print Network

The Fourth Annual Report of the Wisconsin Poverty Project Wisconsin Poverty Report: How the Safety Net Protected Families from Poverty in 2010 Yiyoon Chung, Julia B. Isaacs, Timothy M. Smeeding, and Katherine A. Thornton Institute for Research on Poverty University of Wisconsin­Madison April 2012 #12;ABOUT

Sheridan, Jennifer

301

Reactor Monitoring with Neutrino Detectors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of the use of neutrino detectors to monitor nuclear reactors is currently a very active field of research. While neutrino detectors located close to reactors have been used to provide information about the global performance of the reactors, a general improvement of the technique is needed in order to use it in a practical way to monitor the fissile contents of the fuel of the nuclear reactors or the thermal power delivered. I describe the current status of the Angra Neutrino Project, aimed to building a low-mass neutrino detector to monitor the Angra II reactor of the Brazilian nuclear power plant Almirante Alvaro Ramos in order to explore new approaches to reactor monitoring with neutrino detectors.

Casimiro Linares, Edgar

2011-09-01

302

Neutrino Models of Dark Energy  

E-print Network

I consider a scenario proposed by Fardon, Nelson and Weiner where dark energy and neutrinos are connected. As a result, neutrino masses are not constant but depend on the neutrino number density. By examining the full equation of state for the dark sector, I show that in this scenario the dark energy is equivalent to having a cosmological constant, but one that "runs" as the neutrino mass changes with temperature. Two examples are examined that illustrate the principal feautures of the dark sector of this scenario. In particular, the cosmological constant is seen to be negligible for most of the evolution of the Universe, becoming inportant only when neutrinos become non-relativistic. Some speculations on features of this scenario which might be present in a more realistic theory are also presented.

R. D. Peccei

2004-11-10

303

Ultra- and extremely high energy neutrino astronomy  

E-print Network

Scientific motivations for ultra- and extremely high energy neutrino astronomy are considered. Sources and expected fluxes of EHE/UHE neutrinos are briefly discussed. Operating and planned experiments on astrophysical neutrino detection are reviewed focusing on deep underwater/ice Cherenkov neutrino telescopes.

I. Sokalski

2005-01-05

304

Big World of Small Neutrinos Hitoshi Murayama  

E-print Network

particles ­ They are still left over: ~300 neutrinos per cm3 · They come from the Sun: ­ Trillions in the Standard Model · Evidence for Neutrino Mass · Solar Neutrinos · Implications of Neutrino Mass · Why do we theorem in quantum field theory ­ C: interchange particles & anti- particles ­ P: parity ­ T: time

Murayama, Hitoshi

305

Neutrinos with Mixing in Twisting Magnetic Fields  

E-print Network

Transitions in a system of neutrinos with vacuum mixing and magnetic moments, propagating in matter and transverse magnetic field, are considered. It is shown that in the realistic case of magnetic field direction varying along the neutrino path qualitatively new phenomena become possible: permutation of neutrino conversion resonances, appearance of resonances in the neutrino-antineutrino ($\

E. Kh. Akhmedov; S. T. Petcov; A. Yu. Smirnov

1993-01-06

306

Small entries of neutrino mass matrices  

E-print Network

We consider phenomenologically allowed structures of the neutrino mass matrix in the case of three light neutrino species. Constraints from the solar, atmospheric and reactor neutrino experiments as well as those from the neutrinoless double beta decay are taken into account. Both hierarchical and quasi-degenerate neutrino mass cases are studied. Assuming maximal $\

E. Kh. Akhmedov

1999-09-01

307

Neutrino Masses: Where Are We? Angelo Nucciotti  

E-print Network

Neutrino Masses: Where Are We? Angelo Nucciotti #3; Sezione di Milano dell'INFN, Via Celoria 16, Milano, I-20133, Italy Abstract While direct attempts to access neutrino masses have given so far negative re- sults, recent evidences of neutrino avor oscillations indicate that neutrinos may indeed

308

Neutrino mass models and CP violation  

SciTech Connect

Theoretical ideas on the origin of (a) neutrino masses (b) neutrino mass hierarchies and (c) leptonic mixing angles are reviewed. Topics discussed include (1) symmetries of neutrino mass matrix and their origin (2) ways to understand the observed patterns of leptonic mixing angles and (3)unified description of neutrino masses and mixing angles in grand unified theories.

Joshipura, Anjan S. [Physical Research Laboratory, Navarangpura, Ahmedabad, 380 009 (India)

2011-10-06

309

Status of High-Energy Neutrino Astronomy  

E-print Network

With the recent discovery of high-energy neutrinos of extra-terrestrial origin by the IceCube neutrino observatory, neutrino-astronomy is entering a new era. This review will cover currently operating open water/ice neutrino telescopes, the latest evidence for a flux of extra-terrestrial neutrinos and current efforts in the search for steady and transient neutrino point sources. Generalised constraints on potential astrophysical sources are presented, allowing to focus the hunt for the sources of the observed high-energy neutrinos.

Kowalski, Marek

2014-01-01

310

Review of Reactor Neutrino Oscillation Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this document we will review the current status of reactor neutrino oscillation experiments and present their physics potentials for measuring the ?13 neutrino mixing angle. The neutrino mixing angle ?13 is currently a high-priority topic in the field of neutrino physics. There are currently three different reactor neutrino experiments, DOUBLE CHOOZ, DAYA BAY and RENO and a few accelerator neutrino experiments searching for neutrino oscillations induced by this angle. A description of the reactor experiments searching for a nonzero value of ?13 is given, along with a discussion of the sensitivities that these experiments can reach in the near future.

Mariani, C.

311

Seesaw mechanism and the neutrino mass matrix  

E-print Network

The seesaw mechanism of neutrino mass generation is analysed under the following assumptions: (1) minimal seesaw with no Higgs triplets, (2) hierarchical Dirac masses of neutrinos, (3) large lepton mixing primarily or solely due to the mixing in the right-handed neutrino sector, and (4) unrelated Dirac and Majorana sectors of neutrino masses. It is shown that large mixing governing the dominant channel of the atmospheric neutrino oscillations can be naturally obtained and that this constrained seesaw mechanism favours the normal mass hierarchy for the light neutrinos leading to a small $U_{e3}$ entry of the lepton mixing matrix and a mass scale of the lightest right handed neutrino $M\\simeq 10^{10} - 10^{11}$ GeV. Any of the three main neutrino oscillation solutions to the solar neutrino problem can be accommodated. The inverted mass hierarchy and quasi-degeneracy of neutrinos are disfavoured in our scheme.

E. Kh. Akhmedov

2000-01-05

312

Neutrinos and duality  

SciTech Connect

A phenomenological study of Bloom-Gilman duality is performed in electron and neutrino scattering on nuclei. In the resonance region the structure functions are calculated within the phenomenological models of Ghent and Giessen groups, where only the resonance contribution is taken into account, and the background one is neglected. Structure functions F{sub 2} in the resonance region are compared with the DIS ones, extracted directly from the experimental data. The results show, that within the models considered the Bloom-Gilman duality does not work well for nuclei: the integrated strength in the resonance region is considerably lower than in the DIS one.

Lalakulich, O.; Leitner, T.; Buss, O.; Mosel, U. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Giessen, Giessen (Germany); Praet, Ch.; Jachowicz, N.; Ryckebusch, J. [Department of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium)

2009-11-25

313

Neutrino-nucleus interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inclusive electron scattering cross-sections in the quasielastic and resonance regions for few GeV electrons are well represented in terms of scaling functions and scaling variables, the so-called superscaling analysis (SuSA). The concepts of scaling of the first and second kinds and superscaling are discussed, as are several mechanisms which are known to yield scaling violations. Given the high quality of scaling for cross-sections at appropriate kinematics, it is shown how the ideas can be turned around to provide predictions for both charge-changing and neutral current neutrino reactions with nuclei at comparable kinematics.

Donnelly, T. W.

2007-03-01

314

Energy Dependence of Solar Neutrino Suppression and Bounds on the Neutrino Magnetic Moment  

E-print Network

An analysis of neutrino electron scattering as applied to the SuperKamiokande solar neutrino experiment with the data from the Homestake experiment leads to an upper bound on the neutrino magnetic moment in the range $\\mu_{\

Joao Pulido; Ana M. Mourao

1998-03-02

315

Neutrino electromagnetic properties and magnetic moment induced transition of neutrino between different mass states  

E-print Network

The Spin Light of neutrino, the process that becomes possible in matter for a neutrino with nontrivial electromagnetic properties, is considered for the case of nonequal neutrino masses in the initial and final states.

A. Grigoriev; A. Lokhov; A. Studenikin; A. Ternov

2010-12-14

316

Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma  

SciTech Connect

The magnetized-plasma contribution to the neutrino anomalous magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that, in a magnetized plasma, only part of the neutrino additional energy associated with the neutrino spin and with the magnetic-field strength contributes to the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that, in contrast to results presented previously in the literature, the presence of a magnetized plasma does not lead to a substantial enhancement of the neutrino magnetic moment.

Mikheev, N. V., E-mail: mikheev@uniyar.ac.ru; Narynskaya, E. N., E-mail: elenan@uniyar.ac.r [Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15

317

Parametric resonance in neutrino oscillations in matter  

E-print Network

Neutrino oscillations in matter can exhibit a specific resonance enhancement -- parametric resonance, which is different from the MSW resonance. Oscillations of atmospheric and solar neutrinos inside the earth can undergo parametric enhancement when neutrino trajectories cross the core of the earth. In this paper we review the parametric resonance of neutrino oscillations in matter. In particular, physical interpretation of the effect and the prospects of its experimental observation in oscillations of solar and atmospheric neutrinos in the earth are discussed.

E. Kh. Akhmedov

1999-07-20

318

Neutrino-induced muons observed with MINOS  

E-print Network

The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) experiment's Far Detector has been operational since July 2003, taking cosmic ray and atmospheric neutrino data from its location in the Soudan Mine Underground Lab. Numerous neutrino-induced muons have been observed. The detector's magnetic field allows the first determination by a large underground detector of muon charge and thus neutrino versus anti-neutrino on an event by event basis.

A. Habig

2005-07-02

319

An angle to tackle the neutrinos  

E-print Network

A brief history of the discovery of neutrino oscillations and neutrino mass is presented highlighting the recent breakthrough in the determination of a crucial neutrino parameter by the Daya Bay and RENO reactor experiments. The importance of this parameter in the context of one of the goals of the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) project and also in advancing the frontier of neutrino physics is explained.

G. Rajasekaran

2012-06-01

320

Models and Phenomenology of Neutrino Masses circa 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review recent developments in models of neutrino masses and mixing. Emphases are given to models based on finite group family symmetries from which the tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing can arise. In particular, we describe one recent model based on SUSY SU(5) combined with a family symmetry based on the double tetrahedral group, T'. All 22 observable fermion masses and mixing angles and CP violating measures are fitted with only 9 parameters. In this model, a near tri-bimaximal MNS matrix and a realistic CKM matrix are simultaneously generated; the MNS matrix gets slightly modified by virtue of having the Georgi-Jarlskog relations. Due to the presence of complex Clebsch-Gordan coefficients in T', CP violation in this model is entirely geometrical in origin. The prediction of the model for the leptonic Dirac CP phase is 227°, which turns out to be very close to the current best fit value of 220° from SuperK.

Chen, Mu-Chun; Mahanthappa, K. T.

2012-08-01

321

Neutrino and Anti-neutrino Cross Sections at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE experiment has reported a number of high statistics neutrino and anti-neutrino cross sections -among which are the charged current quasi-elastic (CCQE) and neutral current elastic (NCE) neutrino scattering on mineral oil (CH{sub 2}). Recently a study of the neutrino contamination of the anti-neutrino beam has concluded and the analysis of the anti-neutrino CCQE and NCE scattering is ongoing.

Dharmapalan, Ranjan [University of Alabama Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tuscaloosa, AL-35487 (United States)

2011-10-06

322

Neutrino interactions in neutron matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutrino flow is the dominant mechanism of energy transfer in the latest stages of supernovae explosions and in compact stars. The Standard Model of particle physics and accelerator data, provide a satisfactory description of neutrino physics in vacuum up to TeV scale. Nevertheless modeling the dynamics of neutrino interaction in the nuclear environment involves severe difficulties. This thesis in mainly aimed at obtaining the weak response of infinite matter, using both the Correlated Basis Function theory and Landau Theory of Fermi liquid to take into account properly nucleon-nucleon hard core potential and long range correlation (quasi-particle, collective modes, ecc.)

Cipollone, Andrea

2012-12-01

323

Status of solar neutrino experiments  

SciTech Connect

A summary of the status of four solar neutrino experiments is presented. The Homestake {sup 37}Cl data are presented and the possible time dependence of the data is addressed. Data from 1040 days of operation of the Kamiokande II detector are presented next. The status of the {sup 71}Ga experiment in the Baksan Neutrino Observatory, which has operated for a short time, is discussed. The summary concludes with a discussion of the status of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, which has been under construction since the beginning of 1990. 7 refs., 6 figs.

Beier, E.W.; Davis, R. Jr.; Kim, S.B. (Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia, PA (USA). Dept. of Physics); Elliott, S.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Jelley, N. (Oxford Univ. (UK))

1990-01-01

324

Cosmic neutrinos and their detection  

E-print Network

The standard Big-Bang theory predicts a cosmic neutrino background with an average number density of $\\sim 100/cm^3$ per flavor. The most promising way of its detection is measuring the feeble ``neutrino wind'' forces exerted on macroscopic targets. The expected acceleration is $\\sim 10^{-23} cm/s^2$ for Dirac neutrinos with a local number density $\\sim 10^7/cm^3$. A novel torsion balance design is presented, which addresses the sensitivity-limiting factors of existing balances, such as seismic and thermal noise, and angular readout resolution and stability.

C. Hagmann

1999-05-20

325

Electroweak scale neutrinos and Higgses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present two different models with electroweak scale right-handed neutrinos. One of the models is created under the constraint that any addition to the Standard Model must not introduce new higher scales. The model contains right-handed neutrinos with electroweak scale masses and a lepton number violating singlet scalar field. The scalar phenomenology is also presented. The second model is a triplet Higgs model where again the right-handed neutrinos have electroweak scale masses. In this case the model has a rich scalar phenomenology and in particular we present the analysis involving the doubly charged Higgs.

Aranda, Alfredo

2009-04-01

326

Registration of atmospheric neutrinos with the Baikal neutrino telescope  

E-print Network

We present first neutrino induced events observed with a deep underwater neutrino telescope. Data from 70 days effective life time of the BAIKAL prototype telescope NT-96 have been analyzed with two different methods. With the standard track reconstruction method, 9 clear upward muon candidates have been identified, in good agreement with 8.7 events expected from Monte Carlo calculations for atmospheric neutrinos. The second analysis is tailored to muons coming from close to the opposite zenith. It yields 4 events, compared to 3.5 from Monte Carlo expectations. From this we derive a 90 % upper flux limit of 1.1 * 10^-13 cm^-2 sec^-1 for muons in excess of those expected from atmospheric neutrinos with zenith angle > 150 degrees and energy > 10GeV.

Baikal Collaboration; V. A. Balkanov et al

1999-03-23

327

Arbitrarily massive sterile neutrinos at the neutrino factory  

SciTech Connect

We study the effects of one additional sterile neutrino at the Neutrino Factory. On the one hand, we do not impose any constraint on the additional mass squared splitting, which is different from earlier discussions where LSND motivated Q(1)eV{sup 2} is always assumed. We find that a combination of near detectors and long baselines is good at searching for arbitrarily massive sterile neutrinos at the neutrino factory. On the other hand, we compare our sensitivities of mixing angles with the MINOS results where |{Delta}m{sub 41}{sup 2}|>>{Delta}m{sub 31}{sup 2}| is assumed and the fast oscillations in the far detectors are averaged out.

Meloni, Davide; Tang Jian; Winter, Walter [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, D-97074 Wuerzburg (Germany)

2011-10-06

328

Neutrino mass hierarchy extraction using atmospheric neutrinos in ice  

E-print Network

We show that the measurements of 10 GeV atmospheric neutrinos by an upcoming array of densely packed phototubes buried deep inside the IceCube detector at the South Pole can be used to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy for values of sin^2(2theta13) close to the present bound, if the hierarchy is normal. These results are obtained for an exposure of 100 Mton years and systematic uncertainties up to 10%.

Olga Mena; Irina Mocioiu; Soebur Razzaque

2008-03-20

329

Probing non-standard neutrino interactions with neutrino factories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the sensitivity reach of a neutrino factory measurement to non-standard neutrino interactions (NSI), which may exist as a low-energy manifestation of physics beyond the Standard Model. We use the muon appearance modes nue-->numu\\/bar nue-->bar numu and consider two detectors, one at L = 3000 km and the other at L = 7000 km; The latter is nearly at

N. Cipriano Ribeiro; H. Minakata; H. Nunokawa; S. Uchinami; R. Zukanovich Funchal

2007-01-01

330

Evidence for neutrino oscillations in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

SciTech Connect

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a large-volume heavy water Cerenkov detector designed to resolve the solar neutrino problem. SNO observes charged-current interactions with electron neutrinos, neutral-current interactions with all active neutrinos, and elastic-scattering interactions primarily with electron neutrinos with some sensitivity to other flavors. This dissertation presents an analysis of the solar neutrino flux observed in SNO in the second phase of operation, while {approx}2 tonnes of salt (NaCl) were dissolved in the heavy water. The dataset here represents 391 live days of data. Only the events above a visible energy threshold of 5.5 MeV and inside a fiducial volume within 550 cm of the center of the detector are studied. The neutrino flux observed via the charged-current interaction is [1.71 {+-} 0.065(stat.){+-}{sub 0.068}{sup 0.065}(sys.){+-}0.02(theor.)] x 10{sup 6}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, via the elastic-scattering interaction is [2.21{+-}0.22(stat.){+-}{sub 0.12}{sup 0.11}(sys.){+-}0.01(theor.)] x 10{sup 6}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, and via the neutral-current interaction is [5.05{+-}0.23(stat.){+-}{sub 0.37}{sup 0.31}(sys.){+-}0.06(theor.)] x 10{sup 6}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}. The electron-only flux seen via the charged-current interaction is more than 7{sigma} below the total active flux seen via the neutral-current interaction, providing strong evidence that neutrinos are undergoing flavor transformation as they travel from the core of the Sun to the Earth. The most likely origin of the flavor transformation is matter-induced flavor oscillation.

Marino, Alysia Diane

2004-08-10

331

Neutrinos from the sun - an astronomical puzzle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current situation concerning neutrinos from the sun is summarized. The discussion presents a definition of neutrinos, an introduction to the science of neutrino astronomy, and the implications of these findings. It is noted that neutrinos from the sun and from supernovae provide cosmic particle beams for probing the weak interactions of particles with energies and on time scales that cannot be achieved with traditional laboratory experiments. The solar neutrino unit, or SNU, is defined and the model that provides a combined description of electrical and weak interaction phenomena is detailed. The solar neutrino problem is explained and the importance of neutrino experiments and the theory of stellar evolution is emphasized. Nuclear energy generation and neutrino fluxes, the Cl-37 experiment, the Kamiokande II experiment, and gallium detectors and their contribution to understanding the solar neutrino problem are discussed.

Bahcall, John N.

1990-04-01

332

Family Policies and Children's School Achievement in Single- versus Two-Parent Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the gap in math and science achievement of third- and fourth-graders who live with a single parent versus those who live with two parents in 11 countries. Finds single parenthood to be less detrimental when family policies equalize resources between single- and two-parent families. Concludes that national family policies can offset…

Pong, Suet-Ling; Dronkers, Jaap; Hampden-Thompson, Gillian

2003-01-01

333

OPERA, SN1987a and energy dependence of superluminal neutrino velocity  

E-print Network

This is a brief note discussing the energy dependence of superluminal neutrino velocities recently claimed by OPERA [1,2]. The analysis is based on the data provided there on this issue, as well as on consistency with neutrino data from SN1987a as recorded by the Kamioka detector [3]. It is seen that it is quite difficult to reconcile OPERA with SN1987a. The so called Coleman- Glashow dispersion relations do not do that well, if applied at all neutrino energies. The so called quantum gravity inspired dispersion relations perform far worse. Near OPERA energies both an energy-independent velocity, as well as a linear energy dependence with an offset that is comparable in value to the observed {\\delta}v by OPERA at 28.1 GeV works very well. Our analysis shows that precision arrival time data from SN1987a still allow for superluminal behaviour for supernova neutrinos. A smooth interpolation is given that reconciles OPERA and SN1987a quite well. It suggests a fourth power energy dependence for {\\delta}v of supernova neutrinos. This behaviour is insensitive to whether the velocities are energy-independent, or linearly dependent on energy, near OPERA scale of energies. Suggestions are made for experimental checks for these relations.

N. D. Hari Dass

2011-10-03

334

Fourth Siglo de Oro Drama Festival (Chamizal)  

E-print Network

SPRING 1979 81 Fourth Siglo de Oro Drama Festival (Chamizal) DONALD T. DIETZ To read Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, Calderón de la Barca and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in manuscript or a well-edited edition is one thing... in the Fourth Siglo de Oro Drama Festival. The other two members of the jurado were Héctor Azar, director, playwright, and founder of CADAC (Centro de Arte Dramático Acción Civil) in Mexico City and author of the weekly column "Zoon Theatrykon" in El...

Dietz, Donald T.

1979-04-01

335

First measurement of the flux of solar neutrinos from the sun at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a second generation solar neutrino detector. SNO is the first experiment that is able to measure both the electron neutrino flux and a flavor-blind flux of all active neutrino types, allowing a model-independent determination if the deficit of solar neutrinos known as the solar neutrino problem is due to neutrino oscillation. The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory started taking production data in November, 1999. A measurement of the charged current rate will be the first indication if SNO too sees a suppression of the solar neutrino signal relative to the theoretical predictions. Such a confirmation is the first step in SNO's ambitious science program. In this thesis, we present evidence that SNO is seeing solar neutrinos and a preliminary ratio of the measured vs predicted rate of electrons as induced by 8B neutrinos in the ?e, + d --> p + p + e charged-current (CC) reaction.

Wittich, Peter

2000-12-01

336

High-Energy Neutrino Astronomy  

E-print Network

Kilometer-scale neutrino detectors such as IceCube are discovery instruments covering nuclear and particle physics, cosmology and astronomy. Examples of their multidisciplinary missions include the search for the particle nature of dark matter and for additional small dimensions of space. In the end, their conceptual design is very much anchored to the observational fact that Nature accelerates protons and photons to energies in excess of 10^{20} and 10^{13} eV, respectively. The cosmic ray connection sets the scale of cosmic neutrino fluxes. In this context, we discuss the first results of the completed AMANDA detector and the reach of its extension, IceCube. Similar experiments are under construction in the Mediterranean. Neutrino astronomy is also expanding in new directions with efforts to detect air showers, acoustic and radio signals initiated by neutrinos with energies similar to those of the highest energy cosmic rays.

F. Halzen

2005-01-26

337

Cosmological bounds on tachyonic neutrinos  

E-print Network

Recent time-of-flight measurements on muon neutrinos in the OPERA neutrino oscillation experiment have found anomalously short times compared to the light travel-times, corresponding to a superluminal velocity, $v-1=2.37\\pm0.32\\times 10^{-5}$ in units where $c=1$. We show that cosmological bounds rule out an explanation involving a Lorentz invariant tachyonic neutrino. At the OPERA energy scale, nucleosynthesis constraints imply $v-1<0.86\\times 10^{-12}$ and the Cosmic Microwave Background observations imply $v-1<7.1\\times 10^{-23}$. The CMB limit on the velocity of a tachyon with an energy of 10 MeV is stronger than the SN1987A limit. Superluminal neutrinos that could be observed at particle accelerator energy scales would have to be associated with Lorentz symmetry violation.

P. C. W. Davies; Ian G. Moss

2012-01-16

338

Neutrino Scattering at High Energies  

E-print Network

The construction of a high energy (~100 GeV), sign-selected neutrino beam opens exciting opportunities to search for beyond-standard-model physics as well as to make valuable QCD measurements. Such a beam can be produced ...

Conrad, Janet

339

Neutrino capital of the world  

E-print Network

Neutrinos are ubiquitous particles, but they don't like to mingle. Each second, billions of them pass through our bodies, slicing imperceptibly through our delicate internal organs. They can barrel through the sun, stars, ...

Johnson, Carolyn Y., 1980-

2004-01-01

340

LENA: Low Energy Neutrino Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We focus on the physics potential of a large liquid scintillation detector in the field of low energy neutrino astrophysics. Proton decay search and long baseline oscillations will be discussed briefly at the end.

Oberauer, L.; Hellgartner, D.; Lewke, T.; Marrodán Undagoitia, T.; Meindl, Q.; Möllenstedt, R.; Potzel, W.; Tippmann, M.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Winter, J.; Wurm, M.

2011-08-01

341

On the muon neutrino mass  

E-print Network

During the runs of the PS 179 experiment at LEAR of CERN, we photographed an event of antiproton-Ne absorption, with a complete pi+ -> mu+ ->e+ chain. From the vertex of the reaction a very slow energy pi+ was emitted. The pi+ decays into a mu+ and subsequently the mu+ decays into a positron. At the first decay vertex a muon neutrino was emitted and at the second decay vertex an electron neutrino and a muon antineutrino. Measuring the pion and muon tracks and applying the momentum and energy conservation and using a classical statistical interval estimator, we obtained an experimental upper limit for the muon neutrino mass: m_nu neutrino mass limit.

N. Angelov; F. Balestra; Yu. Batusov; A. Bianconi; M. P. Bussa; L. Busso; L. Ferrero; R. Garfagnini; I. Gnesi; E. Lodi Rizzini; A. Maggiora; D. Panzieri; G. Piragino; G. Pontecorvo; F. Tosello; L. Venturelli

2006-05-03

342

The Fermilab neutrino beam program  

SciTech Connect

This talk presents an overview of the Fermilab Neutrino Beam Program. Results from completed experiments as well as the status and outlook for current experiments is given. Emphasis is given to current activities towards planning for a future program.

Rameika, Regina A.; /Fermilab

2007-01-01

343

Geometry of Majorana neutrino and new symmetries  

E-print Network

Experimental observation of Majorana fermion matter gives a new impetus to the understanding of the Lorentz symmetry and its extension, the geometrical properties of the ambient space-time structure, matter--antimatter symmetry and some new ways to understand the baryo-genesis problem in cosmology. Based on the primordial Majorana fermion matter assumption, we discuss a possibility to solve the baryo-genesis problem through the the Majorana-Diraco genesis in which we have a chance to understand creation of Q(em) charge and its conservation in our D=1+3 Universe after the Big Bang. In the Majorana-Diraco genesis approach there appears a possibility to check the proton and electron non-stability on the very low energy scale. In particle physics and in our space-time geometry, the Majorana nature of the neutrino can be related to new types of symmetries which are lying beyond the binary Cartan-Killing-Lie algebras/superalgebras. This can just support a conjecture about the non-completeness of the SM in terms of binary Cartan--Killing--Lie symmetries/supersymmetries. As one of the very important applications of such new ternary symmetries could be related with explanation of the nature of the three families and three colour symmetry. The Majorana neutrino can directly indicate the existence of a new extra-dimensional geometry and thanks to new ternary space-time symmetries, could lead at high energies to the unextraordinary phenomenological consequences.

G. G. Volkov

2006-07-30

344

Neutrino Factory Near Detector Simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a simulation with GENIE MC generator of the Neutrino Factory baseline near detector interaction rates for the purely leptonic process ??+e-??e+?- and for ??+N??-+X scattering in view of measuring the first one and suppressing the second one for neutrino flux estimation. A set of most sensitive measurable quantities are discussed and their selective power against experimental uncertainties is examined.

Karadzhov, Yordan

2010-03-01

345

Proposed geological solar neutrino measurement  

SciTech Connect

It may be possible to measure the boron-8 solar neutrino flux, averaged over the past several million years, from the concentration of technetium-98 in molybdenum-rich ore. This geochemical experiment could provide the first test of nonstandard solar models that suggest a relation between the chlorine-37 solar neutrino puzzle and the most recent glacial epoch. The necessary conditions for achieving a meaningful measurement are identified and discussed.

Cowan, G.A.; Haxton, W.C.

1982-01-01

346

Invariants of collective neutrino oscillations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the flavor evolution of a dense neutrino gas by taking into account both vacuum oscillations and self-interactions of neutrinos. We examine the system from a many-body perspective as well as from the point of view of an effective one-body description formulated in terms of the neutrino polarization vectors. We show that, in the single angle approximation, both the many-body picture and the effective one-particle picture possess several constants of motion. We write down these constants of motion explicitly in terms of the neutrino isospin operators for the many-body case and in terms of the polarization vectors for the effective one-body case. The existence of these constants of motion is a direct consequence of the fact that the collective neutrino oscillation Hamiltonian belongs to the class of Gaudin Hamiltonians. This class of Hamiltonians also includes the (reduced) BCS pairing Hamiltonian describing superconductivity. We point out the similarity between the collective neutrino oscillation Hamiltonian and the BCS pairing Hamiltonian. The constants of motion manifest the exact solvability of the system. Borrowing the well established techniques of calculating the exact BCS spectrum, we present exact eigenstates and eigenvalues of both the many-body and the effective one-particle Hamiltonians describing the collective neutrino oscillations. For the effective one-body case, we show that spectral splits of neutrinos can be understood in terms of the adiabatic evolution of some quasiparticle degrees of freedom from a high-density region where they coincide with flavor eigenstates to the vacuum where they coincide with mass eigenstates. We write down the most general consistency equations which should be satisfied by the effective one-body eigenstates and show that they reduce to the spectral split consistency equations for the appropriate initial conditions.

Pehlivan, Y.; Balantekin, A. B.; Kajino, Toshitaka; Yoshida, Takashi

2011-09-01

347

Are solar neutrino oscillations robust?  

E-print Network

The robustness of the large mixing angle (LMA) oscillation (OSC) interpretation of the solar neutrino data is considered in a more general framework where non-standard neutrino interactions (NSI) are present. Such interactions may be regarded as a generic feature of models of neutrino mass. The 766.3 ton-yr data sample of the KamLAND collaboration are included in the analysis, paying attention to the background from the reaction ^13C(\\alpha,n) ^16O. Similarly, the latest solar neutrino fluxes from the SNO collaboration are included. In addition to the solution which holds in the absence of NSI (LMA-I) there is a 'dark-side' solution (LMA-D) with sin^2 theta_Sol = 0.70, essentially degenerate with the former, and another light-side solution (LMA-0) allowed only at 97% CL. More precise KamLAND reactor measurements will not resolve the ambiguity in the determination of the solar neutrino mixing angle theta_Sol, as they are expected to constrain mainly Delta m^2. We comment on the complementary role of atmospheric, laboratory (e.g. CHARM) and future solar neutrino experiments in lifting the degeneracy between the LMA-I and LMA-D solutions. In particular, we show how the LMA-D solution induced by the simplest NSI between neutrinos and down-type-quarks-only is in conflict with the combination of current atmospheric data and data of the CHARM experiment. We also mention that establishing the issue of robustness of the oscillation picture in the most general case will require further experiments, such as those involving low energy solar neutrinos.

O. G. Miranda; M. A. Tortola; J. W. F. Valle

2004-06-24

348

Supernova neutrino observations: What can we learn?  

E-print Network

Twenty years after SN 1987A, the vast international programme of experimental neutrino physics and neutrino astronomy suggests that large detectors will operate for a long time. It is realistic that a high-statistics neutrino signal from a galactic SN will be observed. I review some of the generic lessons from such an observation where neutrinos largely play the role of astrophysical messengers. In principle, the signal also holds valuable information about neutrino mixing parameters. I explain some recent developments about the crucial importance of collective neutrino oscillations in the SN environment.

Georg G. Raffelt

2007-01-24

349

Status of non-standard neutrino interactions.  

PubMed

The phenomenon of neutrino oscillations has been established as the leading mechanism behind neutrino flavor transitions, providing solid experimental evidence that neutrinos are massive and lepton flavors are mixed. Here we review sub-leading effects in neutrino flavor transitions known as non-standard neutrino interactions (NSIs), which is currently the most explored description for effects beyond the standard paradigm of neutrino oscillations. In particular, we report on the phenomenology of NSIs and their experimental and phenomenological bounds as well as an outlook for future sensitivity and discovery reach. PMID:23481442

Ohlsson, Tommy

2013-04-01

350

High Energy Neutrino Telescopes  

E-print Network

This paper presents a review of the history, motivation and current status of high energy neutrino telescopes. Many years after these detectors were first conceived, the operation of kilometer-cubed scale detectors is finally on the horizon at both the South Pole and in the Mediterranean Sea. These new detectors will perhaps provide us the first view of high energy astrophysical objects with a new messenger particle and provide us with our first real glimpse of the distant universe at energies above those accessible by gamma-ray instruments. Some of the topics that can be addressed by these new instruments include the origin of cosmic rays, the nature of dark matter, and the mechanisms at work in high energy astrophysical objects such as gamma-ray bursts, active galactic nuclei, pulsar wind nebula and supernova remnants.

K. D. Hoffman

2008-12-18

351

Neutrinos And Big Bang Nucleosynthesis  

E-print Network

According to the standard models of particle physics and cosmology, there should be a background of cosmic neutrinos in the present Universe, similar to the cosmic microwave photon background. The weakness of the weak interactions renders this neutrino background undetectable with current technology. The cosmic neutrino background can, however, be probed indirectly through its cosmological effects on big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. In this BBN review, focused on neutrinos and, more generally on dark radiation, the BBN constraints on the number of "equivalent neutrinos" (dark radiation), on the baryon asymmetry (baryon density), and on a possible lepton asymmetry (neutrino degeneracy) are reviewed and updated. The BBN constraints on dark radiation and on the baryon density following from considerations of the primordial abundances of deuterium and helium-4 are in excellent agreement with the complementary results from the CMB, providing a suggestive, but currently inconclusive, hint of the presence of dark radiation and, they constrain any lepton asymmetry. For all the cases considered here there is a "lithium problem": the BBN-predicted lithium abundance exceeds the observationally inferred primordial value by a factor of ~3.

Gary Steigman

2012-07-31

352

Beta Beams for Neutrino Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To use accelerated beta active radioactive ions to produce collimated high energy neutrino beams was proposed by P. Zuchelli in 2002. Since then, several ideas related to how to design Beta Beam facilities have been studied. Design studies of an accelerator complex, based on CERN accelerators, have been supported by research programs within the European Commisison FP6 and FP7 frameworks (EURISOL Design Study and EUROnu). In these studies 6He and 18Ne are used as beta emitters to produce antineutrinos and neutrinos respectively. Alternative isotopes for neutrino beam production, 8Li and 8B, are investigated in the now ongoing study, EUROnu. Due to the higher reaction Q-value of these ions, the resulting neutrino energies are higher. The isotopes we need for neutrino beams have to be produced in large quantities using non conventional methods. Latest research on production of isotopes that are presently considered for Beta Beams will be discussed. The work achieved gives a good ground to propose the Beta Beam, which is based on known technology, for neutrino production. In this status review we concentrate on technical issues related to a possible Beta Beam facility using the CERN infrastructure.

Wildner, E.

2012-08-01

353

The Fourth Partial Derivative In Transport Dynamics  

E-print Network

A new fourth partial derivative is introduced for the study of transport dynamics. It is a Lagrangian partial derivative following the path of diffusion, not the path of convection. Use of this derivative decouples the effect of diffusion and convection and simplifies the analysis of transport processes.

Trinh Khanh Tuoc

2010-01-11

354

Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities. Fourth Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth edition of "Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities" critically examines the breadth of research on this complex and controversial topic, with the principal aim of helping the reader to understand where sex differences are found--and where they are not. Since the publication of the third edition, there have been many exciting and…

Halpern, Diane F.

2011-01-01

355

65THE FOURTH PARADIGM HEALTH AND WELLBEING  

E-print Network

65THE FOURTH PARADIGM HEALTH AND WELLBEING B ringing intelligent healthcare informatics to bear to delivery. Simple, high-impact deliverable interventions such as universal childhood immunization for independent and contestable monitoring of health indicators in an era of global initiatives that are target

Narasayya, Vivek

356

Children, Play, and Development. Fourth Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children, Play, and Development, Fourth Edition, discusses the relationship of play to the physical, social, intellectual, and emotional growth of the child. Author Fergus P. Hughes focuses on the historical, sociocultural, and ethological context of play; the role of development in play; and the wide range of theories that provide a framework for…

Hughes, Fergus P.

2010-01-01

357

Gross Domestic Product: Fourth Quarter 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A news release from the BEA reports that, in the fourth quarter of 1999, real gross domestic product continued to increase at an annual rate of 5.8 percent. Factors contributing to the rise included increases in personal consumption expenditures, government spending, inventory investment, and exports.

358

"Researching" with Third- and Fourth-Graders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to instill in children the skills which will be basic to their school experience, words implying a process (such as "hemp,""parasite," and "vanilla") may be "researched" by third and fourth graders through the use of a dictionary, an encyclopedia, a supplementary book on the subject, and an interview with an adult. The child makes a…

Liston, Barbara

1970-01-01

359

St. James Episcopal Church Fourth and Convention  

E-print Network

the church is Gothic Revival with Tiffany windows behind the altar. 21. B3 Third Street From the corner Mestrovic sculpture atrium and an Ancient Egypt Gallery. 39. A3 St. Joseph's Cathedral Main Street at North Fourth This Gothic Reviva

Ullmer, Brygg

360

Fourth Graders Theorize Prejudice in American History  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the explanations three fourth grade students developed to account for prejudice and discrimination as they studied Michigan history. The results of this study demonstrate that students' theories parallel those of social scientists who have grappled with similar questions about why people dislike or discriminate against those who are different. Moreover, the students in this study explained past

Shari Levine Rose

361

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT, FOURTH QUARTER, 1961  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concentration of radioactive materials detected in the environment ; surrounding Mound Laboratory, Miamisburg, Ohio, during the fourth quarter of 1961 ; is presented. The concentration of polonium and tritium in the Great Miami River ; was within the maximum permissible level recommended by the National Committee on ; Radiation Protection and Measurements. The concentration of polonium and ; plutonium

1962-01-01

362

NEW SOLAR HOMES PARTNERSHIP Fourth Edition  

E-print Network

NEW SOLAR HOMES PARTNERSHIP GUIDEBOOK Fourth Edition CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund The New Solar Homes Partnership (NSHP) Program is part of a statewide solar program known as the California Solar Initiative (CSI). The NSHP provides financial incentives for installing solar energy

363

Summary of the Fourth AIAA CFD Drag Prediction Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results from the Fourth AIAA Drag Prediction Workshop (DPW-IV) are summarized. The workshop focused on the prediction of both absolute and differential drag levels for wing-body and wing-body-horizontal-tail configurations that are representative of transonic transport air- craft. Numerical calculations are performed using industry-relevant test cases that include lift- specific flight conditions, trimmed drag polars, downwash variations, dragrises and Reynolds- number effects. Drag, lift and pitching moment predictions from numerous Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes computational fluid dynamics methods are presented. Solutions are performed on structured, unstructured and hybrid grid systems. The structured-grid sets include point- matched multi-block meshes and over-set grid systems. The unstructured and hybrid grid sets are comprised of tetrahedral, pyramid, prismatic, and hexahedral elements. Effort is made to provide a high-quality and parametrically consistent family of grids for each grid type about each configuration under study. The wing-body-horizontal families are comprised of a coarse, medium and fine grid; an optional extra-fine grid augments several of the grid families. These mesh sequences are utilized to determine asymptotic grid-convergence characteristics of the solution sets, and to estimate grid-converged absolute drag levels of the wing-body-horizontal configuration using Richardson extrapolation.

Vassberg, John C.; Tinoco, Edward N.; Mani, Mori; Rider, Ben; Zickuhr, Tom; Levy, David W.; Brodersen, Olaf P.; Eisfeld, Bernhard; Crippa, Simone; Wahls, Richard A.; Morrison, Joseph H.; Mavriplis, Dimitri J.; Murayama, Mitcuhiro

2010-01-01

364

Atmospheric Neutrinos in the MINOS Far Detector  

SciTech Connect

The phenomenon of flavour oscillations of neutrinos created in the atmosphere was first reported by the Super-Kamiokande collaboration in 1998 and since then has been confirmed by Soudan 2 and MACRO. The MINOS Far Detector is the first magnetized neutrino detector able to study atmospheric neutrino oscillations. Although it was designed to detect neutrinos from the NuMI beam, it provides a unique opportunity to measure the oscillation parameters for neutrinos and anti-neutrinos independently. The MINOS Far Detector was completed in August 2003 and since then has collected 2.52 kton-years of atmospheric data. Atmospheric neutrino interactions contained within the volume of the detector are separated from the dominant background from cosmic ray muons. Thirty seven events are selected with an estimated background contamination of less than 10%. Using the detector's magnetic field, 17 neutrino events and 6 anti-neutrino events are identified, 14 events have ambiguous charge. The neutrino oscillation parameters for {nu}{sub {mu}} and {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} are studied using a maximum likelihood analysis. The measurement does not place constraining limits on the neutrino oscillation parameters due to the limited statistics of the data set analysed. However, this thesis represents the first observation of charge separated atmospheric neutrino interactions. It also details the techniques developed to perform atmospheric neutrino analyses in the MINOS Far Detector.

Howcroft, Caius L.F.; /Cambridge U.

2004-12-01

365

Can neutrino-electron scattering tell us whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles  

SciTech Connect

There has recently been interest in the possibility that neutrino-electron scattering experiments could determine whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles by providing information on their electromagnetic structure. We try to explain why studies of neutrino electromagnetic structure actually cannot distinguish between Dirac and Majorana neutrinos. 9 refs.

Kayser, B.

1988-04-01

366

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration High-Power Targets for Neutrino Superbeams,  

E-print Network

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration High-Power Targets for Neutrino Superbeams, Neutrino Factories and Muon Colliders K.T. McDonald Princeton U. NFMCC Meeting UCLA, January 29, 2007 #12;The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration Why Targetry? · Targetry = the task

McDonald, Kirk

367

Extraction of Active and Sterile Neutrino Mixing Parameters with the Sudbury Neutrino  

E-print Network

Extraction of Active and Sterile Neutrino Mixing Parameters with the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory´c 2008 #12;Abstract The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a 1 kilotonne heavy-water Cerenkov detector designed to study fundamental properties of neutrinos produced by ther- monuclear fusion reactions

Waltham, Chris

368

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration A Short Course on Targetry for Neutrino Superbeams,  

E-print Network

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration A Short Course on Targetry for Neutrino Superbeams, Neutrino Factories and Muon Colliders K.T. McDonald Princeton U. NuFact06 Summer Institute UC, August 21, 2006 1 #12;The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration A Short Course on Targetry E

McDonald, Kirk

369

A Search for Neutrinos from the Solar hep Reaction and the Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Background with the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search has been made for neutrinos from the hep reaction in the Sun and from the diffuse supernova neutrino background (DSNB) using data collected during the first operational phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, with an exposure of 0.65 ktons yr. For the hep neutrino search, two events are observed in the effective electron energy range of 14.3 MeV

B. Aharmim; S. N. Ahmed; A. E. Anthony; E. W. Beier; A. Bellerive; M. Bergevin; S. D. Biller; M. G. Boulay; Y. D. Chan; M. Chen; X. Chen; B. T. Cleveland; G. A. Cox; C. A. Currat; X. Dai; F. Dalnoki-Veress; H. Deng; J. Detwiler; M. DiMarco; P. J. Doe; G. Doucas; P.-L. Drouin; F. A. Duncan; M. Dunford; J. A. Dunmore; E. D. Earle; H. C. Evans; G. T. Ewan; J. Farine; H. Fergani; F. Fleurot; R. J. Ford; J. A. Formaggio; N. Gagnon; J. Tm. Goon; K. Graham; E. Guillian; R. L. Hahn; A. L. Hallin; E. D. Hallman; P. J. Harvey; R. Hazama; K. M. Heeger; W. J. Heintzelman; J. Heise; R. L. Helmer; R. J. Hemingway; R. Henning; A. Hime; C. Howard; M. A. Howe; M. Huang; P. Jagam; N. A. Jelley; J. R. Klein; L. L. Kormos; M. Kos; A. Krüger; C. B. Krauss; T. Kutter; C. C. M. Kyba; H. Labranche; R. Lange; J. Law; I. T. Lawson; K. T. Lesko; J. R. Leslie; J. C. Loach; S. Luoma; R. MacLellan; S. Majerus; H. B. Mak; J. Maneira; A. D. Marino; R. Martin; N. McCauley; A. B. McDonald; S. McGee; C. Mifflin; K. K. S. Miknaitis; M. L. Miller; B. Monreal; B. G. Nickel; A. J. Noble; E. B. Norman; N. S. Oblath; C. E. Okada; H. M. O'Keeffe; G. D. Orebi Gann; S. M. Oser; R. Ott; S. J. M. Peeters; A. W. P. Poon; G. Prior; K. Rielage; B. C. Robertson; R. G. H. Robertson; E. Rollin; M. H. Schwendener; J. A. Secrest; S. R. Seibert; O. Simard; C. J. Sims; D. Sinclair; P. Skensved; R. G. Stokstad; L. C. Stonehill; G. Tesic; N. Tolich; T. Tsui; R. Van Berg; R. G. Van de Water; B. A. VanDevender; C. J. Virtue; T. J. Walker; B. L. Wall; D. Waller; H. Wan Chan Tseung; D. L. Wark; J. Wendland; J. F. Wilkerson; J. R. Wilson; J. M. Wouters; A. Wright; M. Yeh; F. Zhang; K. Zuber

2006-01-01

370

Long-range correlations of neutrinos in hadron reactions and neutrino diffraction II: neutrino  

E-print Network

In this II, a probability to detect the neutrino produced in a high-energy pion decay is shown to receive the large finite-size correction. The neutrino interacts extremely weakly with matters and is described with a many-body wave function together with the pion and charged lepton. This wave function slowly approaches to an asymptotic form, which is probed by the neutrino. The whole process is described by an S-matrix of a finite-time interval, which couples with states of non-conserving kinetic energy, and the final states of a broad spectrum specific to a relativistic invariant system contribute to the positive semi-definite correction similar to diffraction of waves through a hole. This diffraction component for the neutrino becomes long range and stable under changes of the pion's energy. Moreover, it has a universal form that depends on the absolute neutrino mass. Thus a new method of measuring the absolute neutrino mass is suggested.

Kenzo Ishikawa; Yutaka Tobita

2012-09-25

371

Probing Neutrino Magnetic Moments at Underground Detectors with Artificial Neutrino Sources  

E-print Network

Neutrino-electron scattering can be used to probe neutrino electromagnetic properties at low-threshold underground detectors with good angular and recoil electron energy resolution. We propose to do this using a number of artificial neutrino and anti-neutrino sources such as $^{51}Cr_{24}$ and $^{90}Sr-Y$. The neutrino flux is known to within one percent, in contrast to the reactor case and one can reach lower neutrino energies. For the $^{90}Sr-Y$ source we estimate that the signal expected for a neutrino magnetic moment of SM and corresponds to a 30% enhancement in the total number of expected events.

Miranda, O G; Semikoz, V B; Valle, José W F

1999-01-01

372

Probing Neutrino Magnetic Moments at Underground Detectors with Artificial Neutrino Sources  

E-print Network

Neutrino-electron scattering can be used to probe neutrino electromagnetic properties at low-threshold underground detectors with good angular and recoil electron energy resolution. We propose to do this using a number of artificial neutrino and anti-neutrino sources such as $^{51}Cr_{24}$ and $^{90}Sr-Y$. The neutrino flux is known to within one percent, in contrast to the reactor case and one can reach lower neutrino energies. For the $^{90}Sr-Y$ source we estimate that the signal expected for a neutrino magnetic moment of $\\mu_{\

O. G. Miranda; J. Segura; V. B. Semikoz; J. W. F. Valle

1999-06-10

373

One Right-handed Neutrino to Generate Complete Neutrino Mass Spectrum in the Framework of NMSSM  

E-print Network

The see-saw mechanism is usually applied to explain the lightness of neutrinos. The traditional see-saw mechanism introduces at least two right-handed neutrinos for the realistic neutrino spectrum. In the case of supersymmetry, loop corrections can also contribute to neutrino masses, which lead to the possibility to generate the neutrino spectrum by introducing just one right-handed neutrino. To be realistic, MSSM suffers from the mu problem and other phenomenological difficulties, so we extend NMSSM (the MSSM with a singlet S) by introducing one single right-handed neutrino superfield (N) and relevant phenomenology is discussed

Tang, Yi-Lei

2014-01-01

374

One Right-handed Neutrino to Generate Complete Neutrino Mass Spectrum in the Framework of NMSSM  

E-print Network

The see-saw mechanism is usually applied to explain the lightness of neutrinos. The traditional see-saw mechanism introduces at least two right-handed neutrinos for the realistic neutrino spectrum. In the case of supersymmetry, loop corrections can also contribute to neutrino masses, which lead to the possibility to generate the neutrino spectrum by introducing just one right-handed neutrino. To be realistic, MSSM suffers from the mu problem and other phenomenological difficulties, so we extend NMSSM (the MSSM with a singlet S) by introducing one single right-handed neutrino superfield (N) and relevant phenomenology is discussed

Yi-Lei Tang

2014-11-07

375

Nuclear physics for geo-neutrino studies  

E-print Network

Geo-neutrino studies are based on theoretical estimates of geo-neutrino spectra. We propose a method for a direct measurement of the energy distribution of antineutrinos from decays of long-lived radioactive isotopes. We present preliminary results for the geo-neutrinos from Bi-214 decay, a process which accounts for about one half of the total geo-neutrino signal. The feeding probability of the lowest state of Bi-214 - the most important for geo-neutrino signal - is found to be p_0 = 0.177 \\pm 0.004 (stat) ^{+0.003}_{-0.001} (sys), under the hypothesis of Universal Neutrino Spectrum Shape (UNSS). This value is consistent with the (indirect) estimate of the Table of Isotopes (ToI). We show that achievable larger statistics and reduction of systematics should allow to test possible distortions of the neutrino spectrum from that predicted using the UNSS hypothesis. Implications on the geo-neutrino signal are discussed.

Gianni Fiorentini; Aldo Ianni; George Korga; Marcello Lissia; Fabio Mantovani; Lino Miramonti; Lothar Oberauer; Michel Obolensky; Oleg Smirnov; Yury Suvorov

2009-08-24

376

Neutrinos and cosmology: a lifetime relationship  

SciTech Connect

We consider the example of neutrino decays to illustrate the profound relation between laboratory neutrino physics and cosmology. Two case studies are presented: In the first one, we show how the high precision cosmic microwave background spectral data collected by the FIRAS instrument on board of COBE, when combined with Lab data, have greatly changed bounds on the radiative neutrino lifetime. In the second case, we speculate on the consequence for neutrino physics of the cosmological detection of neutrino masses even as small as {approx}0.06 eV, the lower limit guaranteed by neutrino oscillation experiments. We show that a detection at that level would improve by many orders of magnitude the existing limits on neutrino lifetime, and as a consequence on some models of neutrino secret interactions.

Serpico, Pasquale D.; /Fermilab

2008-06-01

377

Decaying neutrinos: The long way to isotropy  

SciTech Connect

We investigate a scenario in which neutrinos are coupled to a pseudoscalar degree of freedom {phi} and where decays {nu}{sub 1{yields}{nu}2}+{phi} and inverse decays are the responsible mechanism for obtaining equilibrium. In this context we discuss the implication of the invisible neutrino decay on the neutrino-pseudoscalar coupling constant and the neutrino lifetime. Assuming the realistic scenario of a thermal background of neutrinos and pseudoscalar we update the bound on the (off-diagonal) neutrino-pseudoscalar coupling constant to g<2.6x10{sup -13} and the bound on the neutrino lifetime to {tau}>1x10{sup 13} s. Furthermore we confirm analytically that kinetic equilibrium is delayed by two Lorentz {gamma} factors--one for time dilation of the (decaying) neutrino lifetime and one from the opening angle. We have also confirmed this behavior numerically.

Basboell, Anders [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QH (United Kingdom); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Bjaelde, Ole Eggers [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik E, RWTH Aachen University, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2010-06-15

378

Time Reversal in Neutrino Oscillations in Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We estimate the time reversal violations for neutrino oscillations in matter for typical experimental energies and baselines. We examine the present status of experiments on neutrino oscillations, propose experiments for TRV, and discuss the future.

Henley, Ernest M.; Johnson, Mikkel B.; Kisslinger, Leonard S.

379

Neutrino mixing, flavor states and dark energy  

E-print Network

We shortly summarize the quantum field theory formalism for the neutrino mixing and report on recent results showing that the vacuum condensate induced by neutrino mixing can be interpreted as a dark energy component of the Universe.

M. Blasone; A. Capolupo; S. Capozziello; G. Vitiello

2007-11-06

380

Observation of Electron Neutrino Appearance in a Muon Neutrino Beam  

E-print Network

The T2K experiment has observed electron neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam produced 295 km from the Super-Kamiokande detector with a peak energy of 0.6 GeV. A total of 28 electron neutrino events were detected with an energy distribution consistent with an appearance signal, corresponding to a significance of 7.3$\\sigma$ when compared to 4.92 $\\pm$ 0.55 expected background events. In the PMNS mixing model, the electron neutrino appearance signal depends on several parameters including three mixing angles $\\theta_{12}$, $\\theta_{23}$, $\\theta_{13}$, a mass difference $\\Delta m^2_{32}$ and a CP violating phase $\\delta_{\\mathrm{CP}}$. In this neutrino oscillation scenario, assuming $|\\Delta m^2_{32}| = 2.4 \\times 10^{-3}$ $\\rm eV^2$, $\\sin^2 \\theta_{23} = 0.5$, and $\\Delta m^2_{32} >0$ ($\\Delta m^2_{32} <0$), a best-fit value of $\\sin^2 2 \\theta_{13}$ = $0.140^{+0.038}_{-0.032}$ ($0.170^{+0.045}_{-0.037}$) is obtained at $\\delta_{\\mathrm{CP}}=0$. When combining the result with the current best knowledge of oscillation parameters including the world average value of $\\theta_{13}$ from reactor experiments, some values of $\\delta_{\\mathrm{CP}}$ are disfavored at the 90% CL.

K. Abe; J. Adam; H. Aihara; T. Akiri; C. Andreopoulos; S. Aoki; A. Ariga; T. Ariga; S. Assylbekov; D. Autiero; M. Barbi; G. J. Barker; G. Barr; M. Bass; M. Batkiewicz; F. Bay; S. W. Bentham; V. Berardi; B. E. Berger; S. Berkman; I. Bertram; S. Bhadra; F. d. M. Blaszczyk; A. Blondel; C. Bojechko; S. Bordoni; S. B. Boyd; D. Brailsford; A. Bravar; C. Bronner; N. Buchanan; R. G. Calland; J. Caravaca Rodríguez; S. L. Cartwright; R. Castillo; M. G. Catanesi; A. Cervera; D. Cherdack; G. Christodoulou; A. Clifton; J. Coleman; S. J. Coleman; G. Collazuol; K. Connolly; L. Cremonesi; A. Dabrowska; I. Danko; R. Das; S. Davis; P. de Perio; G. De Rosa; T. Dealtry; S. R. Dennis; C. Densham; F. Di Lodovico; S. Di Luise; O. Drapier; T. Duboyski; K. Duffy; F. Dufour; J. Dumarchez; S. Dytman; M. Dziewiecki; S. Emery; A. Ereditato; L. Escudero; A. J. Finch; L. Floetotto; M. Friend; Y. Fujii; Y. Fukuda; A. P. Furmanski; V. Galymov; A. Gaudin; S. Giffin; C. Giganti; K. Gilje; D. Goeldi; T. Golan; J. J. Gomez-Cadenas; M. Gonin; N. Grant; D. Gudin; D. R. Hadley; A. Haesler; M. D. Haigh; P. Hamilton; D. Hansen; T. Hara; M. Hartz; T. Hasegawa; N. C. Hastings; Y. Hayato; C. Hearty; R. L. Helmer; M. Hierholzer; J. Hignight; A. Hillairet; A. Himmel; T. Hiraki; S. Hirota; J. Holeczek; S. Horikawa; K. Huang; A. K. Ichikawa; K. Ieki; M. Ieva; M. Ikeda; J. Imber; J. Insler; T. J. Irvine; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; S. J. Ives; K. Iyogi; A. Izmaylov; A. Jacob; B. Jamieson; R. A. Johnson; J. H. Jo; P. Jonsson; C. K. Jung; A. C. Kaboth; T. Kajita; H. Kakuno; J. Kameda; Y. Kanazawa; D. Karlen; I. Karpikov; E. Kearns; M. Khabibullin; A. Khotjantsev; D. Kielczewska; T. Kikawa; A. Kilinski; J. Kim; J. Kisiel; P. Kitching; T. Kobayashi; L. Koch; A. Kolaceke; A. Konaka; L. L. Kormos; A. Korzenev; K. Koseki; Y. Koshio; I. Kreslo; W. Kropp; H. Kubo; Y. Kudenko; S. Kumaratunga; R. Kurjata; T. Kutter; J. Lagoda; K. Laihem; I. Lamont; M. Laveder; M. Lawe; M. Lazos; K. P. Lee; C. Licciardi; T. Lindner; C. Lister; R. P. Litchfield; A. Longhin; L. Ludovici; M. Macaire; L. Magaletti; K. Mahn; M. Malek; S. Manly; A. D. Marino; J. Marteau; J. F. Martin; T. Maruyama; J. Marzec; E. L. Mathie; V. Matveev; K. Mavrokoridis; E. Mazzucato; M. McCarthy; N. McCauley; K. S. McFarland; C. McGrew; C. Metelko; M. Mezzetto; P. Mijakowski; C. A. Miller; A. Minamino; O. Mineev; S. Mine; A. Missert; M. Miura; L. Monfregola; S. Moriyama; Th. A. Mueller; A. Murakami; M. Murdoch; S. Murphy; J. Myslik; T. Nagasaki; T. Nakadaira; M. Nakahata; T. Nakai; K. Nakamura; S. Nakayama; T. Nakaya; K. Nakayoshi; D. Naples; C. Nielsen; M. Nirkko; K. Nishikawa; Y. Nishimura; H. M. O'Keeffe; R. Ohta; K. Okumura; T. Okusawa; W. Oryszczak; S. M. Oser; R. A. Owen; Y. Oyama; V. Palladino; V. Paolone; D. Payne; G. F. Pearce; O. Perevozchikov; J. D. Perkin; Y. Petrov; L. J. Pickard; E. S. Pinzon Guerra; C. Pistillo; P. Plonski; E. Poplawska; B. Popov; M. Posiadala; J. -M. Poutissou; R. Poutissou; P. Przewlocki; B. Quilain; E. Radicioni; P. N. Ratoff; M. Ravonel; M. A. M. Rayner; A. Redij; M. Reeves; E. Reinherz-Aronis; F. Retiere; A. Robert; P. A. Rodrigues; P. Rojas; E. Rondio; S. Roth; A. Rubbia; D. Ruterbories; R. Sacco; K. Sakashita; F. Sánchez; F. Sato; E. Scantamburlo; K. Scholberg; J. Schwehr; M. Scott; Y. Seiya; T. Sekiguchi; H. Sekiya; D. Sgalaberna; M. Shiozawa; S. Short; Y. Shustrov; P. Sinclair; B. Smith; R. J. Smith; M. Smy; J. T. Sobczyk; H. Sobel; M. Sorel; L. Southwell; P. Stamoulis; J. Steinmann; B. Still; Y. Suda; A. Suzuki; K. Suzuki; S. Y. Suzuki; Y. Suzuki; T. Szeglowski; R. Tacik; M. Tada; S. Takahashi; A. Takeda; Y. Takeuchi; H. K. Tanaka; H. A. Tanaka; M. M. Tanaka; D. Terhorst; R. Terri; L. F. Thompson; A. Thorley; S. Tobayama; W. Toki; T. Tomura; Y. Totsuka; C. Touramanis; T. Tsukamoto; M. Tzanov; Y. Uchida; K. Ueno; A. Vacheret; M. Vagins; G. Vasseur; T. Wachala; A. V. Waldron; C. W. Walter; D. Wark; M. O. Wascko; A. Weber; R. Wendell; R. J. Wilkes; M. J. Wilking; C. Wilkinson; Z. Williamson; J. R. Wilson; R. J. Wilson; T. Wongjirad; Y. Yamada; K. Yamamoto; C. Yanagisawa; S. Yen; N. Yershov; M. Yokoyama; T. Yuan; A. Zalewska; J. Zalipska; L. Zambelli; K. Zaremba; M. Ziembicki; E. D. Zimmerman; M. Zito; J. ?muda; for the T2K collaboration

2013-11-19

381

Observation of electron neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam.  

PubMed

The T2K experiment has observed electron neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam produced 295 km from the Super-Kamiokande detector with a peak energy of 0.6 GeV. A total of 28 electron neutrino events were detected with an energy distribution consistent with an appearance signal, corresponding to a significance of 7.3? when compared to 4.92±0.55 expected background events. In the Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata mixing model, the electron neutrino appearance signal depends on several parameters including three mixing angles ?12, ?23, ?13, a mass difference ?m(32)(2) and a CP violating phase ?(CP). In this neutrino oscillation scenario, assuming |?m(32)(2)|=2.4×10(-3)??eV(2), sin(2)?(23)=0.5, and ?m322>0 (?m(32)(2)<0), a best-fit value of sin(2)2?(13)=0.140(-0.032)(+0.038) (0.170(-0.037)(+0.045)) is obtained at ?(CP)=0. When combining the result with the current best knowledge of oscillation parameters including the world average value of ?(13) from reactor experiments, some values of ?(CP) are disfavored at the 90% C.L. PMID:24580687

Abe, K; Adam, J; Aihara, H; Akiri, T; Andreopoulos, C; Aoki, S; Ariga, A; Ariga, T; Assylbekov, S; Autiero, D; Barbi, M; Barker, G J; Barr, G; Bass, M; Batkiewicz, M; Bay, F; Bentham, S W; Berardi, V; Berger, B E; Berkman, S; Bertram, I; Bhadra, S; Blaszczyk, F D M; Blondel, A; Bojechko, C; Bordoni, S; Boyd, S B; Brailsford, D; Bravar, A; Bronner, C; Buchanan, N; Calland, R G; Caravaca Rodríguez, J; Cartwright, S L; Castillo, R; Catanesi, M G; Cervera, A; Cherdack, D; Christodoulou, G; Clifton, A; Coleman, J; Coleman, S J; Collazuol, G; Connolly, K; Cremonesi, L; Dabrowska, A; Danko, I; Das, R; Davis, S; de Perio, P; De Rosa, G; Dealtry, T; Dennis, S R; Densham, C; Di Lodovico, F; Di Luise, S; Drapier, O; Duboyski, T; Duffy, K; Dufour, F; Dumarchez, J; Dytman, S; Dziewiecki, M; Emery, S; Ereditato, A; Escudero, L; Finch, A J; Floetotto, L; Friend, M; Fujii, Y; Fukuda, Y; Furmanski, A P; Galymov, V; Gaudin, A; Giffin, S; Giganti, C; Gilje, K; Goeldi, D; Golan, T; Gomez-Cadenas, J J; Gonin, M; Grant, N; Gudin, D; Hadley, D R; Haesler, A; Haigh, M D; Hamilton, P; Hansen, D; Hara, T; Hartz, M; Hasegawa, T; Hastings, N C; Hayato, Y; Hearty, C; Helmer, R L; Hierholzer, M; Hignight, J; Hillairet, A; Himmel, A; Hiraki, T; Hirota, S; Holeczek, J; Horikawa, S; Huang, K; Ichikawa, A K; Ieki, K; Ieva, M; Ikeda, M; Imber, J; Insler, J; Irvine, T J; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Ives, S J; Iyogi, K; Izmaylov, A; Jacob, A; Jamieson, B; Johnson, R A; Jo, J H; Jonsson, P; Jung, C K; Kaboth, A C; Kajita, T; Kakuno, H; Kameda, J; Kanazawa, Y; Karlen, D; Karpikov, I; Kearns, E; Khabibullin, M; Khotjantsev, A; Kielczewska, D; Kikawa, T; Kilinski, A; Kim, J; Kisiel, J; Kitching, P; Kobayashi, T; Koch, L; Kolaceke, A; Konaka, A; Kormos, L L; Korzenev, A; Koseki, K; Koshio, Y; Kreslo, I; Kropp, W; Kubo, H; Kudenko, Y; Kumaratunga, S; Kurjata, R; Kutter, T; Lagoda, J; Laihem, K; Lamont, I; Laveder, M; Lawe, M; Lazos, M; Lee, K P; Licciardi, C; Lindner, T; Lister, C; Litchfield, R P; Longhin, A; Ludovici, L; Macaire, M; Magaletti, L; Mahn, K; Malek, M; Manly, S; Marino, A D; Marteau, J; Martin, J F; Maruyama, T; Marzec, J; Mathie, E L; Matveev, V; Mavrokoridis, K; Mazzucato, E; McCarthy, M; McCauley, N; McFarland, K S; McGrew, C; Metelko, C; Mezzetto, M; Mijakowski, P; Miller, C A; Minamino, A; Mineev, O; Mine, S; Missert, A; Miura, M; Monfregola, L; Moriyama, S; Mueller, Th A; Murakami, A; Murdoch, M; Murphy, S; Myslik, J; Nagasaki, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakahata, M; Nakai, T; Nakamura, K; Nakayama, S; Nakaya, T; Nakayoshi, K; Naples, D; Nielsen, C; Nirkko, M; Nishikawa, K; Nishimura, Y; O'Keeffe, H M; Ohta, R; Okumura, K; Okusawa, T; Oryszczak, W; Oser, S M; Owen, R A; Oyama, Y; Palladino, V; Paolone, V; Payne, D; Pearce, G F; Perevozchikov, O; Perkin, J D; Petrov, Y; Pickard, L J; Pinzon Guerra, E S; Pistillo, C; Plonski, P; Poplawska, E; Popov, B; Posiadala, M; Poutissou, J-M; Poutissou, R; Przewlocki, P; Quilain, B; Radicioni, E; Ratoff, P N; Ravonel, M; Rayner, M A M; Redij, A; Reeves, M; Reinherz-Aronis, E; Retiere, F; Robert, A; Rodrigues, P A; Rojas, P; Rondio, E; Roth, S; Rubbia, A; Ruterbories, D; Sacco, R; Sakashita, K; Sánchez, F; Sato, F; Scantamburlo, E; Scholberg, K; Schwehr, J; Scott, M; Seiya, Y; Sekiguchi, T; Sekiya, H; Sgalaberna, D; Shiozawa, M; Short, S; Shustrov, Y; Sinclair, P; Smith, B; Smith, R J; Smy, M; Sobczyk, J T; Sobel, H; Sorel, M; Southwell, L; Stamoulis, P; Steinmann, J; Still, B; Suda, Y; Suzuki, A; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S Y; Suzuki, Y; Szeglowski, T; Tacik, R; Tada, M; Takahashi, S; Takeda, A; Takeuchi, Y; Tanaka, H K; Tanaka, H A; Tanaka, M M; Terhorst, D; Terri, R; Thompson, L F; Thorley, A; Tobayama, S; Toki, W; Tomura, T; Totsuka, Y; Touramanis, C; Tsukamoto, T; Tzanov, M; Uchida, Y; Ueno, K; Vacheret, A; Vagins, M; Vasseur, G; Wachala, T; Waldron, A V; Walter, C W; Wark, D; Wascko, M O; Weber, A; Wendell, R; Wilkes, R J; Wilking, M J; Wilkinson, C; Williamson, Z; Wilson, J R; Wilson, R J; Wongjirad, T; Yamada, Y; Yamamoto, K; Yanagisawa, C; Yen, S; Yershov, N; Yokoyama, M; Yuan, T; Zalewska, A; Zalipska, J; Zambelli, L; Zaremba, K; Ziembicki, M; Zimmerman, E D; Zito, M; Zmuda, J

2014-02-14

382

Los Alamos Science, Number 25 -- 1997: Celebrating the neutrino  

SciTech Connect

This issue is devoted to the neutrino and its remaining mysteries. It is divided into the following areas: (1) The Reines-Cowan experiment -- detecting the poltergeist; (2) The oscillating neutrino -- an introduction to neutrino masses and mixing; (3) A brief history of neutrino experiments at LAMPF; (4) A thousand eyes -- the story of LSND (Los Alamos neutrino oscillation experiment); (5) The evidence for oscillations; (6) The nature of neutrinos in muon decay and physics beyond the Standard Model; (7) Exorcising ghosts -- in pursuit of the missing solar neutrinos; (8) MSW -- a possible solution to the solar neutrino problem; (8) Neutrinos and supernovae; and (9) Dark matter and massive neutrinos.

Cooper, N.G. [ed.] [ed.

1997-12-31

383

Neutrino properties and fundamental symmetries  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). There are two components to this work. The first is a development of a new detection scheme for neutrinos. The observed deficit of neutrinos from the Sun may be due to either a lack of understanding of physical processes in the Sun or may be due to neutrinos oscillating from one type to another during their transit from the Sun to the Earth. The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is designed to use a water Cerenkov detector employing one thousand tonnes of heavy water to resolve this question. The ability to distinguish muon and tau neutrinos from electron neutrinos is crucial in order to carry out a model-independent test of neutrino oscillations. We describe a developmental exploration of a novel technique to do this using {sup 3}He proportional counters. Such a method offers considerable advantages over the initially proposed method of using Cerenkov light from capture on NaCl in the SNO. The second component of this work is an exploration of optimal detector geometry for a time-reversal invariance experiment. The question of why time moves only in the forward direction is one of the most puzzling problems in modern physics. We know from particle physics measurements of the decay of kaons that there is a charge-parity symmetry that is violated in nature, implying time-reversal invariance violation. Yet, we do not understand the origin of the violation of this symmetry. To promote such an understanding, we are developing concepts and prototype apparatus for a new, highly sensitive technique to search for time-reversal-invariance violation in the beta decay of the free neutron. The optimized detector geometry is seven times more sensitive than that in previous experiments. 15 refs.

Bowles, T.J.

1996-07-01

384

Evidence for Oscillation of Atmospheric Neutrinos  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kton yr (535-day) exposure of the Super-Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent deficit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino flux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino fluxes and cross sections are unable to explain

Henry Sobel; T. Hayakawa; E. Ichihara; K. Inoue; K. Ishihara; H. Ishino; Y. Itow; T. Kajita; J. Kameda; S. Kasuga; K. Kobayashi; Y. Kobayashi; Y. Koshio; M. Miura; M. Nakahata; S. Nakayama; A. Okada; K. Okumura; N. Sakurai; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; Y. Takeuchi; Y. Totsuka; S. Yamada; M. Earl; A. Habig; E. Kearns; M. D. Messier; K. Scholberg; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; C. W. Walter; M. Goldhaber; T. Barszczxak; D. Casper; W. Gajewski; P. G. Halverson; J. Hsu; W. R. Kropp; L. R. Price; F. Reines; M. Smy; M. R. Vagins; K. S. Ganezer; W. E. Keig; R. W. Ellsworth; S. Tasaka; J. W. Flanagan; A. Kibayashi; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; V. J. Stenger; D. Takemori; T. Ishii; J. Kanzaki; T. Kobayashi; S. Mine; K. Nakamura; K. Nishikawa; Y. Oyama; A. Sakai; M. Sakuda; O. Sasaki; S. Echigo; M. Kohama; A. Suzuki; T. J. Haines; E. Blaufuss; B. K. Kim; R. Sanford; R. Svoboda; M. L. Chen; Z. Conner; J. A. Goodman; G. W. Sullivan; J. Hill; C. K. Jung; K. Martens; C. Mauger; C. McGrew; E. Sharkey; B. Viren; C. Yanagisawa; W. Doki; K. Miyano; H. Okazawa; C. Saji; M. Takahata; Y. Nagashima; M. Takita; T. Yamaguchi; M. Yoshida; S. B. Kim; M. Etoh; K. Fujita; A. Hasegawa; T. Hasegawa; S. Hatakeyama; T. Iwamoto; M. Koga; T. Maruyama; H. Ogawa; J. Shirai; F. Tsushima; M. Koshiba; M. Nemoto; K. Nishijima; T. Futagami; Y. Hayato; Y. Kanaya; K. Kaneyuki; Y. Watanabe; D. Kielczewska; R. A. Doyle; J. S. George; A. L. Stachyra; L. L. Wai; R. J. Wilkes; K. K. Young

1998-01-01

385

Collective flavor transitions of supernova neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give a very brief overview of collective effects in neutrino oscillations in core collapse supernovae where refractive effects of neutrinos on themselves can considerably modify flavor oscillations, with possible repercussions for future supernova neutrino detection. We discuss synchronized and bipolar oscillations, the role of energy and angular neutrino modes, as well as three-flavor effects. We close with a short summary and some open questions.

Sigl, Günter; Tomàs, Ricard; Esteban-Pretel, Andreu; Pastor, Sergio; Mirizzi, Alessandro; Raffelt, Georg G.; Serpico, Pasquale D.

2009-03-01

386

Earth Matter Effect on Democratic Neutrinos  

E-print Network

The neutrino propagation through the Earth is investigated in the framework of the democratic neutrino theory. In this theory the neutrino mixing angle theta-1-3 is approximately determined, which allows one to make a well defined neutrino oscillogram driven by the 1-3 mixing in the matter of the Earth. Significant differences in this oscillogram from the case of models with relatively small theta-1-3 are discussed.

Dmitry Zhuridov

2014-07-19

387

The Lake Baikal neutrino experiment: selected results  

E-print Network

We review the present status of the lake Baikal Neutrino Experiment and present selected physical results gained with the consequetive stages of the stepwise increasing detector: from NT-36 to NT-96. Results cover atmospheric muons, neutrino events, very high energy neutrinos, search for neutrino events from WIMP annihilation, search for magnetic monopoles and environmental studies. We also describe an air Cherenkov array developed for the study of angular resolution of NT-200.

BAIKAL Collaboration; V. Balkanov

2000-01-10

388

From Neutrino Factory to Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

Both Muon Colliders and Neutrino Factories require a muon source capable of producing and capturing {Omicron}(10{sup 21}) muons/year. This paper reviews the similarities and differences between Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider accelerator complexes, the ongoing R&D needed for a Muon Collider that goes beyond Neutrino Factory R&D, and some thoughts about how a Neutrino Factory on the CERN site might eventually be upgraded to a Muon Collider.

Geer, S.; /Fermilab

2010-01-01

389

Overview of progress in neutrino scattering measurements  

E-print Network

Recent progress in neutrino scattering experiments with few GeV neutrino beams is reviewed, focusing on new experimental input since the beginning of the NuInt workshop series in 2001. Progress in neutrino quasi-elastic scattering, resonance production, coherent pion production, scattering in the transition region between the resonance and deep inelastic regimes, and nuclear effects in neutrino-nucleus scattering, is discussed.

M. Sorel

2007-10-22

390

Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma  

E-print Network

The contribution of a magnetized plasma to the neutrino magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that only part of the additional neutrino energy in magnetized plasma connecting with its spin and magnetic field strength defines the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that the presence of magnetized plasma does not lead to the considerable increase of the neutrino magnetic moment in contrast to the results presented in literature previously.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2010-11-08

391

Light active and sterile neutrinos from compositeness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutrinos can have naturally small Dirac masses if the Standard Model singlet right-handed neutrinos are light composite fermions. Theories which produce light composite fermions typically generate many of them, three of which can marry the left-handed neutrinos with small Dirac masses. The rest can serve as sterile states which can mix with the Standard Model neutrinos. We present explicit models illustrating this idea.

Arkani-Hamed, Nima; Grossman, Yuval

1999-07-01

392

Atmospheric neutrino flux at INO site  

SciTech Connect

To illustrate the calculation of the atmospheric neutrino flux, we briefly explain our calculation scheme and important components, such as primary cosmic ray spectra, interaction model, and geomagnetic model. Then, we calculate the atmospheric neutrino flux at INO site in our calculation scheme. We compare the calculated atmospheric neutrino fluxes predicted at INO with those at other major neutrino detector sites, especially that at SK site.

Honda, Morihiro [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-ha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan)

2011-11-23

393

Search for excited neutrinos in Z decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Excited neutrinos decaying into a neutrino and a photon are searched for in the ALEPH detector at LEP. No evidence is found for Z decay into v¯v ? or v¯ ?v ? final states. Upper limits are derived on excited neutrino couplings up to excited neutrino masses close to the Z mass. Lower limits on the v ? mass, independent of the v ? decay modes, are deduced from the total Z width.

Decamp, D.; Deschizeaux, B.; Goy, C.; Lees, J.-P.; Minard, M.-N.; Alemany, R.; Crespo, J. M.; Delfino, M.; Fernandez, E.; Gaitan, V.; Garrido, Ll.; Mato, P.; Miguel, R.; Mir, Ll. M.; Orteu, S.; Pacheco, A.; Perlas, J. A.; Tubau, E.; Catanesi, M. G.; Creanza, D.; de Palma, M.; Farilla, A.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, G.; Maggi, M.; Natali, S.; Nuzzo, S.; Quattromini, M.; Ranieri, A.; Raso, G.; Romano, F.; Ruggieri, F.; Selvaggi, G.; Silvestris, L.; Tempesta, P.; Zito, G.; Gao, Y.; Hu, H.; Huang, D.; Jin, S.; Lin, J.; Ruan, T.; Wang, T.; Wu, W.; Xie, Y.; Xu, D.; Xu, R.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, W.; Atwood, W. B.; Bird, F.; Blucher, E.; Bonvicini, G.; Bossi, F.; Bourotte, J.; Brown, D.; Burnett, T. H.; Drevermann, H.; Dydak, F.; Forty, R. W.; Grab, C.; Hagelberg, R.; Haywood, S.; Jost, B.; Kasemann, M.; Kellner, G.; Knobloch, J.; Lacourt, A.; Lehraus, I.; Lohse, T.; Marchioro, A.; Martinez, M.; Menary, S.; Minten, A.; Miotto, A.; Nash, J.; Palazzi, P.; Ranjard, F.; Redlinger, G.; Roth, A.; Rothberg, J.; Rotscheidt, H.; von Rüden, W.; St. Denis, R.; Schlatter, D.; Takashima, M.; Talby, M.; Taureg, H.; Tejessy, W.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wasserbaech, S.; Wheeler, S.; Wiedenmann, W.; Witzeling, W.; Wotschack, J.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Bardadin-Otwinowska, M.; Falvard, A.; El Fellous, R.; Gay, P.; Henrard, P.; Jousset, J.; Michel, B.; Montret, J.-C.; Pallin, D.; Perret, P.; Proriol, J.; Prulhière, F.; Hansen, J. D.; Hansen, J. R.; Hansen, P. H.; Møllerud, R.; Nilsson, B. S.; Petersen, G.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Simopoulou, E.; Vayaki, A.; Badier, J.; Blondel, A.; Bonneaud, G.; Braems, F.; Brient, J. C.; Fouque, G.; Gamess, A.; Guirlet, R.; Rosowsky, A.; Rougé, A.; Rumpf, M.; Tanaka, R.; Videau, H.; Videau, I.; Candlin, D. J.; Parrini, G.; Corden, M.; Georgiopoulos, C.; Ikeda, M.; Lannutti, J.; Levinthal, D.; Mermikides, M.; Sawyer, L.; Stimpfl, G.; Antonelli, A.; Baldini, R.; Bencivenni, G.; Bologna, G.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Chiarella, V.; D'Ettorre-Piazzoli, B.; Felici, G.; Laurelli, P.; Mannocchi, G.; Massimo-Brancacci, F.; Murtas, F.; Murtas, G. P.; Nicoletti, G.; Pepe-Altarelli, M.; Picchi, P.; Zografou, P.; Altoon, B.; Boyle, O.; Halley, A. W.; Ten Have, I.; Hearns, J. L.; Lynch, J. G.; Morton, W. T.; Raine, C.; Scarr, J. M.; Smith, K.; Thompson, A. S.; Brandl, B.; Braun, O.; Geiges, R.; Geweniger, C.; Hanke, P.; Hepp, V.; Kluge, E. E.; Maumary, Y.; Putzer, A.; Rensch, B.; Stahl, A.; Tittel, K.; Wunsch, M.; Belk, A. T.; Beuselinck, R.; Binnie, D. M.; Cameron, W.; Cattaneo, M.; Dornan, P. J.; Dugeay, S.; Greene, A. M.; Hassard, J. F.; Patton, S. J.; Sedgbeer, J. K.; Taylor, G.; Tomalin, I. R.; Wright, A. G.; Girtler, P.; Kuhn, D.; Rudolph, G.; Bowdery, C. K.; Brodbeck, T. J.; Finch, A. J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Keemer, N. R.; Nuttall, M.; Rowlingson, B. S.; Sloan, T.; Snow, S. W.; Barczewski, T.; Bauerdick, L. A. T.; Kleinknecht, K.; Renk, B.; Roehn, S.; Sander, H.-G.; Schmelling, M.; Steeg, F.; Albanese, J.-P.; Aubert, J.-J.; Benchouk, C.; Bernard, V.; Bonissent, A.; Courvoisier, D.; Etienne, F.; Papalexiou, S.; Payre, P.; Pietrzyk, B.; Qian, Z.; Blum, W.; Cattaneo, P.; Cowan, G.; Dehning, B.; Dietl, H.; Fernandez-Bosman, M.; Jahn, A.; Lange, E.; Lütjens, G.; Lutz, G.; Männer, W.; Moser, H.-G.; Pan, Y.; Richter, R.; Schwarz, A. S.; Settles, R.; Stiegler, U.; Stierlin, U.; Thomas, J.; Bertin, V.; de Bouard, G.; Boucrot, J.; Callot, O.; Chen, X.; Cordier, A.; Davier, M.; Ganis, G.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Heusse, Ph.; Janot, P.; Journé, V.; Kim, D. W.; Lefrançois, J.; Lutz, A.-M.; Veillet, J.-J.; Zhang, Z.; Zomer, F.; Amendolia, S. R.; Bagliesi, G.; Batignani, G.; Bosisio, L.; Bottigli, U.; Bradaschia, C.; Ciocci, M. A.; Ferrante, I.; Fidecaro, F.; Foà, L.; Focardi, E.; Forti, F.; Giassi, A.; Giorgi, M. A.; Ligabue, F.; Lusiani, A.; Mannelli, E. B.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A.; Palla, F.; Sanguinetti, G.; Steinberger, J.; Tenchini, R.; Tonelli, G.; Triggiani, G.; Carter, J. M.; Green, M. G.; March, P. V.; Medcalf, T.; Saich, M. R.; Strong, J. A.; Thomas, R. M.; Wildish, T.; Botterill, D. R.; Clifft, R. W.; Edgecock, T. R.; Edwards, M.; Fisher, S. M.; Harvey, J.; Jones, T. J.; Norton, P. R.; Salmon, D. P.; Thompson, J. C.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Colas, P.; Klopfenstein, C.; Lançon, E.; Locci, E.; Loucatos, S.; Mirabito, L.; Monnier, E.; Perez, P.; Perrier, F.; Rander, J.; Renardy, J.-F.; Roussarie, A.; Schuller, J.-P.; Ashman, J. G.; Booth, C. N.; Combley, F.; Dinsdale, M.; Martin, J.; Parker, D.; Thompson, L. F.; Brandt, S.; Burkhardt, H.; Grupen, C.; Meinhard, H.; Neugebauer, E.; Schäfer, U.; Seywerd, H.; Apollinari, G.; Giannini, G.; Gobbo, B.; Liello, F.; Milotti, E.; Rolandi, L.; Bellantoni, L.; Boudreau, J. F.; Cinabro, D.; Conway, J. S.; Cowen, D. F.; Deweerd, A. J.; Feng, Z.; Ferguson, D. P. S.; Gao, Y. S.; Harton, J. L.; Hilgart, J.

1990-11-01

394

Probing Neutrino Magnetic Moments at Underground Detectors with Artificial Neutrino Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neutrino-electron scattering can be used to probe neutrino electromagnetic properties at low-threshold underground detectors with good angular and recoil electron energy resolution. We propose to do this using a number of artificial neutrino and anti-neutrino sources such as $^{51}Cr_{24}$ and $^{90}Sr-Y$. The neutrino flux is known to within one percent, in contrast to the reactor case and one can reach

O. G. Miranda; J. Segura; V. B. Semikoz; J. W. F. Valle

1999-01-01

395

Supersymmetric Seesaw without Singlet Neutrinos: Neutrino Masses and Lepton-Flavour Violation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the supersymmetric seesaw mechanism induced by the exchange of\\u000aheavy SU(2)_W triplet states, rather than `right-handed' neutrino singlets, to\\u000agenerate neutrino masses. We show that in this scenario the neutrino flavour\\u000astructure tested at low-energy in the atmospheric and solar neutrino\\u000aexperiments is directly inherited from the neutrino Yukawa couplings to the\\u000atriplets. This allows us to predict

Anna Rossi; G. Galilei

2002-01-01

396

Exotic properties of neutrinos using effective Lagrangians and specific models  

E-print Network

This doctoral dissertation presents several works on nonstandard properties of neutrinos exploiting the synergies between effective field theory and models. The phenomena are first analysed by means of effective operators, which allow to discuss their phenomenological consequences and to derive estimations about the mass scale of the heavy particles needed to induce the new interactions. In a second phase we propose models that realise the effective operators, allowing us to check the conclusions of effective field theory as well as to extract new phenomenological features of the scenarios considered. The text is divided into two parts: in the first one we apply these ideas to an effective interaction that generates magnetic dipole moments for right-handed neutrinos, and in the second one we discuss a family of operators that violate lepton number without quarks, and which can allow for large rates of neutrinoless double $\\beta$ decay and small neutrino masses. The right-handed neutrino magnetic moments have the potential to show up in many different scenarios, and the nonobservation of the associated phenomenology allows to constrain their value, and therefore the associated new physics scale. The operators discussed in the second part of the text can potentially dominate neutrinoless double $\\beta$ decay and provide signals in the next generation of experiments; they can be classified according to the chirality of the two final-state leptons, and induce neutrino mass matrices with a well-defined hierarchy related to that of the charged lepton masses. In both cases we provide example models that realise the phenomenology and we discuss their observability in ongoing and near-future experiments.

Alberto Aparici

2013-12-02

397

Small neutrino masses from supersymmetry breaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

An alternative to the conventional seesaw mechanism is proposed to explain the origin of small neutrino masses in supersymmetric theories. The masses and couplings of the right-handed neutrino field are suppressed by supersymmetry breaking, in a way similar to the suppression of the Higgs doublet mass mu. New mechanisms for light Majorana and Dirac neutrinos arise, depending on the degree

Nima Arkani-Hamed; Lawrence Hall; Hitoshi Murayama; David Smith; Neal Weiner

2001-01-01

398

Phase Space Constraints on Neutrino Luminosities  

E-print Network

While the importance of phase space constraints for gravitational clustering of neutrinos (which are fermions) is well recognized, the explicit use of such constraints to limit neutrino emission from ultra energetic sources has not been stressed. Special and general relativistic phase space constraints are shown to limit neutrino luminosities in compact sources in various situations.

C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun; Samartha C A

2007-06-29

399

Massive neutrino search in the decay ?+-->e+?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evidence of massive neutrinos in the ?+?e+? decay spectrum was sought with the background ?+??+?e+ decay chain highly suppressed. Upper limits (90% C.L.) on the neutrino mixing matrix element |Uei|2 in the neutrino mass region 60-129 MeV/c2 were set at the level of 10-8.

Malbrunot, C.; Aoki, M.; Blecher, M.; Bryman, D. A.; Chen, S.; Ding, M.; Doria, L.; Gumplinger, P.; Hurst, C.; Hussein, A.; Igarashi, Y.; Ito, N.; Kettell, S. H.; Kurchaninov, L.; Littenberg, L.; Numao, T.; Poutissou, R.; Sher, A.; Sullivan, T.; Vavilov, D.; Yamada, K.; Yoshida, M.

2012-09-01

400

Probing Extra Dimensions with Neutrino Oscillations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider a model where sterile neutrinos can propagate in a large compactified extra dimension ( a) giving rise to Kaluza-Klein (KK) modes and the Standard Model left-handed neutrinos are confined to a 4-dimensional spacetime brane. The KK modes mix with the standard neutrinos modifying their oscillation pattern. We examine current experiments in this framework obtaining stringent limits on a.

Machado, P. A. N.; Nunokawa, H.; Zukanovich Funchal, R.

2011-08-01

401

Is the Universe made of massive neutrinos?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hypothesis that the mass density of the Universe is dominated by massive neutrinos leads to a relationship between the cosmological parameters omega and H and the characteristic length scale of density fluctuations in the neutrino distribution at recombination. N-body simulations can be used to perform the mild nonlinear extrapolation required to compute a scale for the present neutrino distribution

S. D. M. White; C. S. Frenk; M. Davis

1984-01-01

402

Open system approach to neutrino oscillations  

E-print Network

Neutrino oscillations are studied in the general framework of open quantum systems by means of extended dynamics that take into account possible dissipative effects. These new phenomena induce modifications in the neutrino oscillation pattern that in general can be parametrized by means of six phenomenological constants. Although very small, stringent bounds on these parameters are likely to be given by future planned neutrino experiments.

F. Benatti; R. Floreanini

2000-02-21

403

Neutrinos and Non-proliferation in Europe  

E-print Network

Triggered by the demand of the IAEA, neutrino physicists in Europe involved with the Double Chooz experiment are studying the potential of neutrino detection to monitor nuclear reactors. In particular a new set of experiments at the ILL is planned to improve the knowledge of the neutrino spectrum emitted in the fission of 235U and 239Pu.

M. Cribier

2007-04-04

404

The AMANDA neutrino detector - Status report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first stage of the AMANDA High Energy Neutrino Detector at the south Pole, the 302 PMT array AMANDA-B10, is taking data since 1997. We describe results on atmospheric neutrinos, limits on indirect WIMP detection, seasonal muon flux variation, relativistic monopole flux limits, a search for gravitational collapse neutrinos, and a depth scan of the optical ice properties. The next

R. Wischnewski; E. Andrès; X. Bai; G. Barouch; S. Barwick; R. Bay; K. Becker; L. Bergström; D. Bertrand; D. Besson; A. Biron; J. Booth; O. Botner; A. Bouchta; S. Carius; M. Carlson; W. Chinowsky; D. Chirkin; J. Conrad; D. F. Cowen; C. Costa; E. Dalberg; P. Desiati; J. Dewulf; T. De Young; P. Doksus; J. Edsjög; P. Ekström; T. Feser; G. Frichter; T. Gaisser; A. Goldschmidt; A. Goobar; A. Hallgren; F. Halzen; R. Hardtke; M. Hellwig; G. Hill; P. Hulth; S. Hundertmark; J. Jacobsen; A. Karle; J. Kim; L. Koepke; M. Kowalski; I. Kravchenko; J. Lamoureux; H. Leich; M. Leuthold; P. Lindahl; T. Liss; P. Loaiza; D. Lowder; J. Ludvig; P. Marciniewski; H. Matis; T. Miller; P. Miocinovic; P. Mock; R. Morse; T. Neunhoeffer; M. Newcomer; P. Niessen; D. Nygren; C. Pérez de los Heros; R. Porrata; P. Price; G. Przybylski; K. Rawlins; W. Rhode; S. Richter; J. Rodriguez; P. Romenesko; D. Ross; H. Rubinstein; H. Sander; U. Schäfer; T. Schmidt; E. Schneider; R. Schwarz; U. Schwendicke; A. Silvestri; G. Smoot; M. Solarz; G. Spiczak; C. Spiering; N. Starinski; P. Steffen; R. Stokstad; O. Streicher; I. Taboada; L. Thollander; T. Thon; S. Tilav; M. Vander Donckt; C. Walck; C. Wiebusch; K. Woschnagg; W. Wu; G. Yodh; S. Young

2000-01-01

405

OBSERVATIONAL NEUTRINO ASTROPHYSICS J. N. BAHCALL  

E-print Network

OBSERVATIONAL NEUTRINO ASTROPHYSICS J. N. BAHCALL Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA E-mail: jnb@sns.ias.edu Abstract I summarize the current state of observational neutrino astro of observational neutrino astrophysics since the first Inner Space/Outer Space workshop in 1984

Bahcall, John

406

Neutrino diffraction induced by many body interaction  

E-print Network

The neutrino produced in the pion decay reveals a new diffraction phenomenon due to many-body interactions in an intermediate time region when wave functions of the parent and daughters overlap. Because of diffraction, the probability to detect the neutrino involves a large finite-size correction that depends on the neutrino mass, $m_{\

Kenzo Ishikawa; Yutaka Tobita

2011-06-24

407

Neutrino Masses and Oscillations The Old Enigma  

E-print Network

16 Neutrino Masses and Oscillations The Old Enigma The most enigmatic elementary particles, neutrinos were postulated in 1930, but were not observed until a quarter of a century later. It has taken another forty years to determine that they are not massless. Neutrinos are a ubiquitous if imperceptible

Murayama, Hitoshi

408

OBSERVATIONAL NEUTRINO ASTROPHYSICS J. N. BAHCALL  

E-print Network

OBSERVATIONAL NEUTRINO ASTROPHYSICS J. N. BAHCALL Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA E­mail: jnb@sns.ias.edu Abstract I summarize the current state of observational neutrino astro of observational neutrino astrophysics since the first Inner Space/Outer Space workshop in 1984

Bahcall, John

409

Best-Bet Astrophysical Neutrino Sources  

E-print Network

Likely astrophysical sources of detectable high-energy (>> TeV) neutrinos are considered. Based on gamma-ray emission properties, the most probable sources of neutrinos are argued to be GRBs, blazars, microquasars, and supernova remnants. Diffuse neutrino sources are also briefly considered.

Charles D. Dermer

2006-11-06

410

Neutrino facility and neutrino physics in J-PARC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The neutrino facility in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) produces a very intense neutrino beam for the Tokai to Kamioka long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment, T2K. The physics operation of the T2K started in January 2010 and the data taken from the January 2010 to March 2011 period correspond to 1.43 × 1020 protons on target. From analysis of these data, the first ?? ? ?e appearance candidates were observed and an indication of sin22?13 ? 0 was obtained with 2.5? significance. The T2K aims for a very precise measurement of ?e appearance and a possible search for CP violation with very large statistics.

Sekiguchi, Tetsuro

2012-10-01

411

Uncertainties in atmospheric neutrino fluxes  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation of the principal uncertainties in the computation of neutrino fluxes produced in cosmic ray showers in the atmosphere is presented. The neutrino flux predictions are needed for comparison with experiment to perform neutrino oscillation studies. The paper concentrates on the main limitations which are due to hadron production uncertainties. It also treats primary cosmic ray flux uncertainties, which are at a lower level. The absolute neutrino fluxes are found to have errors of around 15% in the neutrino energy region important for contained events underground. Large cancellations of these errors occur when ratios of fluxes are considered, in particular, the {nu}{sub {mu}}/{nu}{sub {mu}} ratio below E{sub {nu}}=1 GeV, the ({nu}{sub {mu}}+{nu}{sub {mu}})/({nu}{sub e}+{nu}{sub e}) ratio below E{sub {nu}}=10 GeV and the up/down ratios above E{sub {nu}}=1 GeV are at the 1% level. A detailed breakdown of the origin of these errors and cancellations is presented.

Barr, G. D.; Robbins, S.; Gaisser, T. K.; Stanev, T. [Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Bartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, 19716 (United States)

2006-11-01

412

Muon neutrino disappearance at MINOS  

SciTech Connect

A strong case has been made by several experiments that neutrinos oscillate, although important questions remain as to the mechanisms and precise values of the parameters. In the standard picture, two parameters describe the nature of how the neutrinos oscillate: the mass-squared difference between states and the mixing angle. The purpose of this thesis is to use data from the MINOS experiment to precisely measure the parameters associated with oscillations first observed in studies of atmospheric neutrinos. MINOS utilizes two similar detectors to observe the oscillatory nature of neutrinos. The Near Detector, located 1 km from the source, observes the unoscillated energy spectrum while the Far Detector, located 735 km away, is positioned to see the oscillation signal. Using the data in the Near Detector, a prediction of the expected neutrino spectrum at the Far Detector assuming no oscillations is made. By comparing this prediction with the MINOS data, the atmospheric mixing parameters are measured to be {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} = 2.45{sub +0.12}{sup -0.12} x 10{sub -3} eV{sup 2} and sin{sup 2}(2{theta}{sub 32}) = 1.00{sub -0.04}{sup +0.00} (> 0.90 at 90% confidence level).

Armstrong, R.; /Indiana U.

2009-08-01

413

Bäcklund transformations for new fourth Painlevé hierarchies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider a system of equations defined using the Hamiltonian operator of the Boussinesq hierarchy, as well as two successive modifications thereof. We are able to reduce the order of these three systems and give Bäcklund transformations between the integrated equations. We also give auto-Bäcklund transformations for the two modified systems. Particular cases of two of the three equations considered correspond to generalized fourth Painlevé hierarchies and are new; these are particular cases of the two modified systems. Thus we obtain auto-Bäcklund transformations for these new fourth Painlevé hierarchies, as well as Bäcklund transformations between our hierarchies. Our results on reduction of order are also applicable in this special case, and include as a particular example a reduction of order for the scaling similarity reduction of the Boussinesq equation, a result which, remarkably, seems not to have been given previously.

Conde, J. M.; Gordoa, P. R.; Pickering, A.

2014-03-01

414

Fourth-generation photovoltaic concentrator system development  

SciTech Connect

In 1991, under a contract with Sandia for the Concentrator Initiative, the ENTECH team initiated the design and development of a fourth-generation concentrator module. In 1992, Sandia also contracted with ENTECH to develop a new control and drive system for the ENTECH array. This report documents the design and development work performed under both contracts. Manufacturing processes for the new module were developed at the same time under a complementary PVMaT contract with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Two 100-kW power plants were deployed in 1995 in Texas using the newly developed fourth-generation concentrator technology, one at the CSW Solar Park near Ft. Davis and one at TUE Energy Park in Dallas. Technology developed under the Sandia contracts has made a successful transition from the laboratory to the production line to the field.

O`Neill, M.J.; McDanal, A.J. [ENTECH, Inc., Dallas-Fort Worth Airport, TX (United States)

1995-10-01

415

Documentation of the Fourth Order Band Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general circulation model is presented which uses quadratically conservative, fourth order horizontal space differences on an unstaggered grid and second order vertical space differences with a forward-backward or a smooth leap frog time scheme to solve the primitive equations of motion. The dynamic equations for motion, finite difference equations, a discussion of the structure and flow chart of the program code, a program listing, and three relevent papers are given.

Kalnay-Rivas, E.; Hoitsma, D.

1979-01-01

416

SEIZURE PREDICTION: THE FOURTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP  

PubMed Central

The recently convened Fourth International Workshop on Seizure Prediction (IWSP4) brought together a diverse international group of investigators, from academia and industry, including epileptologists, neurosurgeons, neuroscientists, computer scientists, engineers, physicists, and mathematicians who are conducting interdisciplinary research on the prediction and control of seizures. IWSP4 allowed the presentation and discussion of results, an exchange of ideas, an assessment of the status of seizure prediction, control and related fields and the fostering of collaborative projects. PMID:20674508

Zaveri, Hitten P.; Frei, Mark G.; Arthurs, Susan; Osorio, Ivan

2010-01-01

417

Fourth High Alpha Conference, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Fourth High Alpha Conference was to focus on the flight validation of high angle-of-attack technologies and provide an in-depth review of the latest high angle-of-attack activities. Areas that were covered include: high angle-of-attack aerodynamics, propulsion and inlet dynamics, thrust vectoring, control laws and handling qualities, tactical utility, and forebody controls.

1994-01-01

418

Decaying neutrinos in galaxy clusters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The DM profile in clusters of galaxies was studied and simulated using the Harrison-Zel'dovich spectrum of density fluctuations, and an amplitude previously derived from numerical simulations and in agreement with microwave background fluctuations. Neutrino DM densities, with this amplitude normalization cluster, are comparable to observed cluster DM values. It was concluded that given this normalization, the cluster DM should be al least largely composed of neutrinos. The constraint of Davidson et al., who argued that the failure to detect uv photons from the dark matter (DM) in cluster A665 excludes the decaying neutrino hypothesis, could be somewhat weakened by the presence of baryonic DM; but it cannot be eliminated given our assumptions.

Melott, Adrian L.; Splinter, Randall J.; Persic, Massimo; Salucci, Paolo

1993-01-01

419

Current MINOS Neutrino Oscillation Results  

SciTech Connect

The MINOS experiment is now making precise measurements of the {nu}{sub {mu}} disappearance oscillations seen in atmospheric neutrinos, tests possible disappearance to sterile {nu} by measuring the neutral current flux, and has extended our reach towards the so far unseen {theta}{sub 13} by looking for {nu}{sub e} appearance in the {nu}{sub {mu}} beam. It does so by using the intense, well-understood NuMI neutrino beam created at Fermilab and observing it 735km away at the Soudan Mine in Northeast Minnesota. High-statistics studies of the neutrino interactions themselves and the cosmic rays seen by the MINOS detectors have also been made. Results from MINOS first three years of operations will be presented.

Habig, Alec; /Minnesota U., Duluth

2009-07-01

420

Stimulated neutrino transformation through turbulence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive an analytical solution for the flavor evolution of a neutrino through a turbulent density profile which is found to accurately predict the amplitude and transition wavelength of numerical solutions on a case-by-case basis. The evolution is seen to strongly depend upon those Fourier modes in the turbulence which are approximately the same as the splitting between neutrino eigenvalues. Transitions are strongly enhanced by those Fourier modes in the turbulence which are approximately the same as the splitting between neutrino eigenvalues. We also find a suppression of transitions due to the long wavelength modes when the ratio of their amplitude and the wave number is of order, or greater than, the first root of the Bessel function J0.

Patton, Kelly M.; Kneller, James P.; McLaughlin, Gail C.

2014-04-01

421

Recent developments in neutrino physics  

SciTech Connect

I shall attempt to summarize recent developments in the experimental situation in neutrino physics. The paper will deal with recent results, drawing on either published work or research that has been presented in preprint form, as there is an adequate supply of interesting and controversial data restricting oneself to these generally more reliable sources. The discussion of the theoretical implication of these experimental results will be presented in the following paper by Boris Kayser. The topics to be covered in this presentation are: direct measurements of {bar {nu}}{sub e} mass via beta endpoint studies; status of solar neutrino observations; status of 17-keV neutrino'' reports; and the use of {nu}p elastic scattering to determine the strange quark'' content of the proton. 2 refs., 15 figs., 9 tabs.

Garvey, G.T.

1991-01-01

422

Cosmic balls of trapped neutrinos.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fermions trapped inside a closed domain wall may cool to degeneracy and form a long-lived structure. In the context of spontaneous left-right symmetry breaking, it is shown that trapped right-handed neutrinos cool due to annihilations to electron-positron pairs if the initial temperature is less than 0.21 me. The surface tension of the wall must be less than (1.93 TeV)3. The lifetime of the neutrino-ball (NB) is determined by neutrino annihilation to three photons and may be comparable to the age of the universe. These NBs are in the 104 - 107 solar mass range and radiate ?-rays in the few hundred keV range at a rate of 1040 - 1043ergs/sec.

Holdom, B.

423

Cosmic balls of trapped neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fermions trapped inside a closed domain wall may cool to degeneracy and form a long-lived structure. In the context of spontaneous left-right-symmetry breaking, we show that trapped right-handed neutrinos cool due to annihilations to electron-positron pairs if the initial temperature is less than 0.21me. The surface tension of the wall must be less than (1.93 TeV)3. The lifetime of the neutrino ball (NB) is determined by neutrino annihilation to three photons and may be comparable to the age of the Universe. These NB's are in the 104-107 solar mass range and radiate ? rays in the few hundred keV range at a rate of 1040-1044 erg/sec range. NB's die in a 1056-1059 erg electron-positron burst.

Holdom, Bob

1987-08-01

424

Dark Energy and Neutrino CPT Violation  

E-print Network

In this paper we study the dynamical CPT violation in the neutrino sector induced by the dark energy of the Universe. Specifically we consider a dark energy model where the dark energy scalar derivatively interacts with the right-handed neutrinos. This type of derivative coupling leads to a cosmological CPT violation during the evolution of the background field of the dark energy. We calculate the induced CPT violation of left-handed neutrinos and find the CPT violation produced in this way is consistent with the present experimental limit and sensitive to the future neutrino oscillation experiments, such as the neutrino factory.

Pei-Hong Gu; Xiao-Jun Bi; Xinmin Zhang

2005-11-03

425

Renormalization group running of neutrino parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutrinos are the most elusive particles in our Universe. They have masses at least one million times smaller than the electron mass, carry no electric charge and very weakly interact with other particles, meaning that they are rarely captured in terrestrial detectors. Tremendous efforts in the past two decades have revealed that neutrinos can transform from one type to another as a consequence of neutrino oscillations—a quantum mechanical effect over macroscopic distances—yet the origin of neutrino masses remains puzzling. The physical evolution of neutrino parameters with respect to energy scale may help elucidate the mechanism for their mass generation.

Ohlsson, Tommy; Zhou, Shun

2014-10-01

426

On solar neutrino fluxes in radiochemical experiments  

E-print Network

We analyze fluctuations of the solar neutrino flux using data from the Homestake, GALLEX, GNO, SAGE and Super Kamiokande experiments. Spectral analysis and direct quantitative estimations show that the most stable variation of the solar neutrino flux is a quasi-five-year periodicity. The revised values of the mean solar neutrino flux are presented in Table 4. They were used to estimate the observed pp-flux of the solar electron neutrinos near the Earth. We consider two alternative explanations for the origin of a variable component of the solar neutrino deficit.

R. N. Ikhsanov; Yu. N. Gnedin; E. V. Miletsky

2005-12-08

427

Generalised CP and $?(96)$ Family Symmetry  

E-print Network

We perform a comprehensive study of the $\\Delta (96)$ family symmetry combined with the generalised CP symmetry $H_{\\rm{CP}}$. We investigate the lepton mixing parameters which can be obtained from the original symmetry $\\Delta (96)\\rtimes H_{\\rm{CP}}$ breaking to different remnant symmetries in the neutrino and charged lepton sectors, namely $G_{\

Gui-Jun Ding; Stephen F. King

2014-03-24

428

The sensitivity of the ICAL detector at India-based Neutrino Observatory to neutrino oscillation parameters  

E-print Network

The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) will host a 50 kt magnetized iron calorimeter (ICAL) detector that will be able to detect muon tracks and hadron showers produced by Charged-Current muon neutrino interactions in the detector. The ICAL experiment will be able to determine the precision of atmospheric neutrino mixing parameters and neutrino mass hierarchy using atmospheric muon neutrinos through earth matter effect. In this paper, we report on the sensitivity for the atmospheric neutrino mixing parameters ($\\sin^{2}\\theta_{23}$ and $|\\Delta m^{2}_{32}|$) for the ICAL detector using the reconstructed neutrino energy and muon direction as observables. We apply realistic resolutions and efficiencies obtained by the ICAL collaboration with a GEANT4-based simulation to reconstruct neutrino energy and muon direction. Our study shows that using neutrino energy and muon direction as observables for a $\\chi^{2}$ analysis, ICAL detector can measure $\\sin^{2}\\theta_{23}$ and $|\\Delta m^{2}_{32}|$ with 13% and 4%...

Kaur, Daljeet; Kumar, Sanjeev

2014-01-01

429

Neutrino radiation hazards: A paper tiger  

SciTech Connect

Neutrinos are present in the natural environment due to terrestrial, solar, and cosmic sources and are also produced at accelerators both incidentally and intentionally as part of physics research programs. Progress in fundamental physics research has led to the creation of beams of neutrinos of ever-increasing intensity and/or energy. The large size and cost associated with these beams attracts, and indeed requires, public interest, support, and some understanding of the `exotic` particles produced, including the neutrinos. Furthermore, the very word neutrino (`little neutral one`, as coined by Enrico Fermi) can lead to public concern due to confusion with `neutron`, a word widely associated with radiological hazards. Adding to such possible concerns is a recent assertion, widely publicized, that neutrinos from astronomical events may have led to the extinction of some biological species. Presented here are methods for conservatively estimating the dose equivalent due to neutrinos as well as an assessment of the possible role of neutrinos in biological extinction processes. It is found that neutrinos produced by the sun and modern particle accelerators produce inconsequential dose equivalent rates. Examining recent calculations concerning neutrinos incident upon the earth due to stellar collapse, it is concluded that it is highly unlikely that these neutrinos caused the mass extinctions of species found in the paleontological record. Neutrino radiation hazards are, then, truly a `paper tiger`. 14 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Cossairt, J.D.; Grossman, N.L.; Marshall, E.T.

1996-09-01

430

Searching for sterile neutrinos in ice  

E-print Network

Oscillation interpretation of the results from the LSND, MiniBooNE and some other experiments requires existence of sterile neutrino with mass $\\sim 1$ eV and mixing with the active neutrinos $|U_{\\mu 0}|^2 \\sim (0.02 - 0.04)$. It has been realized some time ago that existence of such a neutrino affects significantly the fluxes of atmospheric neutrinos in the TeV range which can be tested by the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. In view of the first IceCube data release we have revisited the oscillations of high energy atmospheric neutrinos in the presence of one sterile neutrino. Properties of the oscillation probabilities are studied in details for various mixing schemes both analytically and numerically. The energy spectra and angular distributions of the $\

Soebur Razzaque; A. Yu. Smirnov

2011-04-07

431

Neutrino wave function and oscillation suppression  

E-print Network

We consider a thought experiment, in which a neutrino is produced by an electron on a nucleus in a crystal. The wave function of the oscillating neutrino is calculated assuming that the electron is described by a wave packet. If the electron is relativistic and the spatial size of its wave packet is much larger than the size of the crystal cell, then the wave packet of the produced neutrino has essentially the same size as the wave packet of the electron. We investigate the suppression of neutrino oscillations at large distances caused by two mechanisms: 1) spatial separation of wave packets corresponding to different neutrino masses; 2) neutrino energy dispersion for given neutrino mass eigenstates. We resolve contributions of these two mechanisms.

A. D. Dolgov; O. V. Lychkovskiy; A. A. Mamonov; L. B. Okun; M. G. Schepkin

2005-06-21

432

Reactor Neutrino Experiments: $\\theta_{13}$ and Beyond  

E-print Network

We review the current-generation short-baseline reactor neutrino experiments that have firmly established the third neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ to be non-zero. The relative large value of $\\theta_{13}$ (around 9$^\\circ$) has opened many new and exciting opportunities for future neutrino experiments. Daya Bay experiment with the first measurement of $\\Delta m^2_{ee}$ is aiming for a precision measurement of this atmospheric mass-squared splitting with a comparable precision as $\\Delta m^2_{\\mu\\mu}$ from accelerator muon neutrino experiments. JUNO, a next-generation reactor neutrino experiment, is targeting to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy with medium baselines ($\\sim$50 km). Beside these {\\color{black} opportunities enabled by the large $\\theta_{13}$}, the current-generation (Daya Bay, Double Chooz, and RENO) and the next-generation (JUNO, RENO-50, and PROSPECT) reactor experiments, with their unprecedented statistics, are also leading the precision era of the 3-flavor neutrino oscillation phys...

Qian, X

2014-01-01

433

Contribution of Family Environment to Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users' Speech and Language Outcomes: Some Preliminary Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To evaluate the family environments of children with cochlear implants and to examine relationships between family environment and postimplant language development and executive function. Method: Forty-five families of children with cochlear implants completed a self-report family environment questionnaire (Family Environment Scale-Fourth

Holt, Rachael Frush; Beer, Jessica; Kronenberger, William G.; Pisoni, David B.; Lalonde, Kaylah

2012-01-01

434

Primordial nucleosynthesis and neutrino physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study primordial nucleosynthesis abundance yields for assumed ranges of cosmological lepton numbers, sterile neutrino mass-squared differences and active-sterile vacuum mixing angles. We fix the baryon-to-photon ratio at the value derived from the cosmic microwave background (CMB) data and then calculate the deviation of the 2 H, 4 He, and 7 Li abundance yields from those expected in the zero lepton number(s), no-new-neutrino-physics case. We conclude that high precision (< 5% error) measurements of the primordial 2 H abundance from, e.g., QSO absorption line observations coupled with high precision (< 1% error) baryon density measurements from the CMB could have the power to either: (1) reveal or rule out the existence of a light sterile neutrino if the sign of the cosmological lepton number is known; or (2) place strong constraints on lepton numbers, sterile neutrino mixing properties and resonance sweep physics. Similar conclusions would hold if the primordial 4 He abundance could be determined to better than 10%. We have performed new Big Bang Nucleosynthesis calculations which employ arbitrarily-specified, time-dependent neutrino and antineutrino distribution functions for each of up to four neutrino flavors. We self-consistently couple these distributions to the thermodynamics, the expansion rate and scale factor-time/temperature relationship, as well as to all relevant weak, electromagnetic, and strong nuclear reaction processes in the early universe. With this approach, we can treat any scenario in which neutrino or antineutrino spectral distortion might arise. These scenarios might include, for example, decaying particles, active-sterile neutrino oscillations, and active-active neutrino oscillations in the presence of significant lepton numbers. Our calculations allow lepton numbers and sterile neutrinos to be constrained with observationally-determined primordial helium and deuterium abundances. We have modified a standard BBN code to perform these calculations and have made it available to the community. We have applied a fully relativistic Coulomb wave correction to the weak reactions in the full Kawano/Wagoner Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) code. We have also added the zero temperature radiative correction. We find that using this higher accuracy Coulomb correction results in good agreement with previous work, giving only a modest ˜ 0.04% increase in helium mass fraction over correction prescriptions applied previously in BBN calculations. We have calculated the effect of these corrections on other light element abundance yields in BBN and we have studied these yields as functions of electron neutrino lepton number. This has allowed insights into the role of the Coulomb correction in the setting of the neutron-to-proton ratio during the BBN epoch. We find that the lepton capture processes' contributions to this ratio are only second order in the Coulomb correction.

Smith, Christel Johanna

435

FIRST NEUTRINO POINT-SOURCE RESULTS FROM THE 22-STRING ICECUBE DETECTOR  

SciTech Connect

We present new results of searches for neutrino point sources in the northern sky, using data recorded in 2007-08 with 22 strings of the IceCube detector (approximately one-fourth of the planned total) and 275.7 days of livetime. The final sample of 5114 neutrino candidate events agrees well with the expected background of atmospheric muon neutrinos and a small component of atmospheric muons. No evidence of a point source is found, with the most significant excess of events in the sky at 2.2 {sigma} after accounting for all trials. The average upper limit over the northern sky for point sources of muon-neutrinos with E{sup -2} spectrum is E{sup 2} {Phi}{sub {nu}{sub {mu}}} < 1.4 x 10{sup -1} TeV cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, in the energy range from 3 TeV to 3 PeV, improving the previous best average upper limit by the AMANDA-II detector by a factor of two.

IceCube Collaboration; Klein, Spencer

2009-05-14

436

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration Large Underground Space  

E-print Network

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration Large Underground Space for Neutrino Detectors://puhep1.princeton.edu/~mcdonald/nufact/ Kirk T. McDonald June 26, 2001 1 #12;The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration Neutrinos · Recent evidence indicates that neutrinos have mass. The total mass

McDonald, Kirk

437

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration Large Underground Space  

E-print Network

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration Large Underground Space for Neutrino Detectors://puhep1.princeton.edu/~mcdonald/nufact/ Kirk T. McDonald June 26, 2001 1 #12; The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration Neutrinos ffl Recent evidence indicates that neutrinos have mass. The total

McDonald, Kirk

438

The fourth genus in the Orthomyxoviridae: sequence analyses of two Thogoto virus polymerase proteins and comparison with influenza viruses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tick-borne Thogoto virus (THOV) is the type species of a newly recognized fourth genus, Thogotovirus, in the family Orthomyxoviridae. Because of the distant relationship of THOV with the influenza viruses, determination of its genomic information can potentially be used to identify important domains in influenza virus proteins. We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the second longest RNA

Michael B Leahy; Johannes T Dessens; Friedemann Weber; Georg Kochs; Patricia A Nuttall

1997-01-01

439

Ecological, Psychological, and Cognitive Components of Reading Difficulties: Testing the Component Model of Reading in Fourth Graders across 38 Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors tested the component model of reading (CMR) among 186,725 fourth grade students from 38 countries (45 regions) on five continents by analyzing the 2006 Progress in International Reading Literacy Study data using measures of ecological (country, family, school, teacher), psychological, and cognitive components. More than 91% of the…

Chiu, Ming Ming; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Lin, Dan

2012-01-01

440

Relation between Language Experiences in Preschool Classrooms and Children's Kindergarten and Fourth-Grade Language and Reading Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indirect effects of preschool classroom indexes of teacher talk were tested on fourth-grade outcomes for 57 students from low-income families in a longitudinal study of classroom and home influences on reading. Detailed observations and audiotaped teacher and child language data were coded to measure content and quantity of verbal interactions in…

Dickinson, David K.; Porche, Michelle V.

2011-01-01

441

Dark matter and the solar neutrino problem: Can particle physics provide a single solution  

SciTech Connect

We show how a relatively simple extension of the standard model can give a natural'' explanation for both the solar neutrino and dark matter problems. What is required is a new stable neutral lepton with a mass in the 4--8 GeV range. One possibility is a fourth generation neutrino interacting with matter either electromagnetically or via higgs-exchange (in addition, of course, to Z{degree}-exchange). In the former case, a new charged lepton with mass {approximately}10GeV would be required in order to generate a sufficiently large magnetic moment. The present experimental situation makes this possibility rather doubtful. In the latter case, a light higgs with mass {approximately}1GeV is required; this is still not ruled out experimentally. In any case, direct (or indirect) detection of dark matter will, during the next year, seal the fate of this model. 29 refs.

West, G.B. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1989-01-01

442

Neutrinos Associated with Cosmic Rays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Construction of the first kilometer-scale neutrino observatory has been completed; IceCube has been fully commissioned and has been taking data since May 2011. Its present performance exceeds expectations in both the neutrino collection area (by a factor 2 ~ 3 depending on energy) and angular resolution. It continues to improve with ongoing refinements in calibration, software tools and our understanding of the optics of the natural ice. IceCube was designed more than a decade ago with the goal of observing the sources of both Galactic and extragalactic cosmic rays with good statistical significance after 5 years. Because the origin of cosmic rays is still unresolved, the exercise is inevitably performed on models. We here revisit three illustrative examples chosen because they are predictive, although with relatively large errors associated with the astrophysics of the sources: Galactic supernova remnants, gamma-ray bursts and GZK neutrinos produced in interactions of cosmic rays with the microwave background. We conclude that the IceCube design, as well as the prospect for observing neutrinos from cosmic-ray sources, have survived the test of time.

Halzen, Francis

2012-02-01

443

IceCube Neutrino Observatory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A neutrino, for those of us who might not immerse ourselves regularly in the world of very small things, is a nearly massless sub-atomic particle that travels at just about the speed of light. Born in the cauldron of exploding stars, they can move through lead like you and I move through air. Hence, their nickname: âÂÂghost particles.â IceCube, a particle detector planted in the barren wilds of the South Pole, measures neutrinos in hopes to contribute to the scientific understanding of dark matter and other universal mysteries. From the homepage, have a look at About Us, which explains IceCube and includes interviews with drillers, scientists, and support staff. Check out the Science section to read All About Neutrinos and other linked articles. If youâÂÂre interested in what it might be like to live at the worldâÂÂs largest neutrino detector, click Life@Pole, where you can read about Daily Life and other interesting tidbits about Life at the South Pole.

444

Fourth International Symposium on Magnetic Suspension Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to examine the state of technology of all areas of magnetic suspension and to review recent developments in sensors, controls, superconducting magnet technology, and design/implementation practices, the Fourth International Symposium on Magnetic Suspension Technology was held at The Nagaragawa Convention Center in Gifu, Japan, on October 30 - November 1, 1997. The symposium included 13 sessions in which a total of 35 papers were presented. The technical sessions covered the areas of maglev, controls, high critical temperature (T(sub c)) superconductivity, bearings, magnetic suspension and balance systems (MSBS), levitation, modeling, and applications. A list of attendees is included in the document.

Groom, Nelson J. (Editor); Britcher, Colin P. (Editor)

1998-01-01

445

Fourth Meeting on CPT and Lorentz Symmetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Improved tests of Lorentz and CPT symmetry using noble-gas masers / A. Glenday, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth -- A modern Michelson-Morley experiment using actively rotated optical resonators / S. Herrmann et al. -- Rotating experiments to test Lorentz invariance in the photon sector / M. E. Tobar et al. -- Lorentz violation, electrodynamics, and the cosmic microwave background / M. Mewes -- High energy astrophysical tests of Lorentz invariance / B. Altschul -- Fundamental physics experiments in space (within ESA) / T. J. Sumner -- The experimental foundations of the Dirac equation / C. Lämmerzahl -- Perspectives on Lorentz and CPT violation / V. A. Kostelecký -- Search for Lorentz and CPT violation effects in muon spin precession / B. L. Roberts -- Lorentz violation in a diffeomorphism-invariant theory / R. Jackiw -- Studies of CPT symmetry with ASACUSA / R. S. Hayano -- Neutrino oscillations and Lorentz violation with MiniBooNE / R. Tayloe and T. Katori -- Testing Lorentz and CPT invariance with MINOS near detector neutrinos / B. J. Rebel and S. L. Mufson -- Einstein-?ther gravity: theory and observational constraints / T. Jacobson -- Tests of Lorentz-invariance violation in neutrino oscillations / K. Whisnant -- Search for CPT violation in neutral kaons at KLOE: status and perspectives / A. Di Domenico et al. -- Search for CPT violation in B[symbol]-B¯[symbol] oscillations with BABAR / D. P. Stoker -- Theoretical topics in spacetime-symmetry violations / R. Lehnert -- A second-generation co-magnetometer for testing fundamental symmetries / S. J. Smullin et al. -- Nambu-Goldstone and massive modes in gravitational theories with spontaneous Lorentz breaking / R. Bluhm -- The ALPHA antihydrogen experiment / N. Madsen et al. -- Atom interferometry tests the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity / H. Müller et al. -- Probing Lorentz symmetry with gravitationally coupled matter / J. D. Tasson -- Torsion balance test of preferred-frame and weak coupling to polarized electrons / B. R. Heckel et al. -- Seeking a solution of the pioneer anomaly / M. M. Nieto and J. D. Anderson -- Testing Lorentz symmetry with gravity / Q. C. Bailey -- Preferred frame effects in relativistic binary pulsars / M. Kramer and N. Wex -- APOLLO: next generation lunar laser ranging / T. W. Murphy, Jr. et al. -- Constraints on Lorentz violation from gravity Probe B / J. M. Overduin -- Preliminary results from a test of CPT and Lorentz symmetry using a K-[symbol]He co-magnetometer / T. W. Kornack, G. Vasilakis, and M. V. Rornalis -- Constraining quantum gravity with GLAST / F. Kuehn, R. Hughes, and B. Winer -- Renormalization of Lorentz-violating theories / D. Anselmi -- Renormalization of gauge theories with Lorentz violation / D. Colladay and P. McDonald -- A POEM-based test of the WEP using a Sounding Rocket (SR-POEM) / R. D. Reasenberg and J. D. Phillips -- Testing alternative oscillation scenarios with atmospheric neutrinos using AMANDA-II data from 2000 to 2003 / J. Ahrens and J. L. Kelley -- Measurement of the ground-state hyperfine splitting of antihydrogen / B. Juhász and E. Widmann -- Spontaneous Lorentz violation and baryogenesis / J. Shu -- Lorentz invariance tested with fast optical ion clocks in a storage ring / G. Gwinner et al. -- Bose-Einstein condensates and Lorentz violation / D. Colladay and P. McDonald -- Embedding geometry and decomposition of gravity / T. E. Clark et al. -- The first lunar laser ranging constraints on gravity sector SME parameters / J. B. R. Battat, J. F. Chandler, and C. W. Stubbs -- A theory of gravity from Lorentz violation / R. Potting -- Search for Lorentz violation in a high-frequency gravitational experiment below 50 microns / W. A. Jensen, S. M. Lewis, and J. C. Long -- Lorentz violation and torsion / N. Russell -- Probing Lorentz invariance using coherent optical phenomena / J. P. Cotter, M. P. Hill, and B. T. H. Varcoe -- Constraint analysis of bumblebee models / N. Gagne and A. Vrublevslcis -- Ives-Stilwell for the new millennium / M. A. Nohensee, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth -- Test for

Kostelecký, V. Alan

2008-03-01

446

Families at Work: Strengths and Strains. The General Mills American Family Report 1980-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth in a series of studies on the American family conducted for General Mills Corporation, this publication provides findings from a survey exploring the relationship between work and the family in contemporary society. Specifically, the survey explores how changes in the work force, especially the increase in numbers of working wives and…

General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.

447

Beta Beams for Neutrino Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper gives an overview of the work done so far to produce sufficient neutrino fluxes for neutrino oscillation physics using beta beams. The design study on a beta beam scenario, the EURISOL (European Isotope Separation On-Line Radioactive Ion Beam Facility) Design Study, a project funded by the European Commission (EC), is now ready to be published. The study is based on the acceleration of 6He and 18Ne ions to produce the (anti-)neutrino beam using the existing CERN infrastructure for acceleration of the ions. We will here briefly describe the work with emphasis on how potential showstoppers, in particular radiation safety and equipment damage, have been dealt with. New results for the production of 6He show very encouraging results. We are now confident that this ion is a good choice to produce antineutrinos. However, the ion production needed for the physics experiments could not, up to now, be reasonably satisfied for 18Ne. Therefore, studies of alternative beta emitters, 8Li and 8B, with properties interesting for physics reach, have been proposed. The production of these ions is studied within the EC funded EUROnu project, "A High Intensity Neutrino Oscillation Facility for Europe." This project will end in 2012. A small storage ring, in which the beam traverses a target, creating the 8Li and 8B isotopes that will be collected and accelerated, is studied in this proposal. We present the latest developments for the production of these ions, including a production ring lattice. Extensive Geant4 simulations have been done with the aim of developing a model of the production target that can be used for simulations of the necessary cooling system. In this paper we present the status of the work performed and an overview of ongoing and planned activities to make the beta beam project a solid proposal for neutrino production within the EUROnu project.

Wildner, Elena

2010-03-01

448

Status of global fits to neutrino oscillations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review the present status of global analyses of neutrino oscillations, taking into account the most recent neutrino data including the latest KamLAND and K2K updates presented at Neutrino 2004, as well as state-of-the-art solar and atmospheric neutrino flux calculations. We give the two-neutrino solar + KamLAND results, and the two-neutrino atmospheric + K2K oscillation regions, discussing in each case the robustness of the oscillation interpretation against departures from the Standard Solar Model and the possible existence of non-standard neutrino physics. Furthermore, we give the best-fit values and allowed ranges of the three-flavour oscillation parameters from the current worlds' global neutrino data sample and discuss in detail the status of the small parameters agr equiv DgrmSOL2/DgrmATM2 as well as sin2 thgr13, which characterize the strength of CP violating effects in neutrino oscillations. We also update the degree of rejection of four-neutrino interpretations of the LSND evidence in view of the most recent developments.

Maltoni, Michele; Schwetz, Thomas; Tórtola, Mariam; Valle, José W. F.

2004-09-01

449

Dynamics of Cosmic Neutrinos in Galaxies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cosmic background of massive (about 1 eV rest-energy) neutrinos can be cooled to extremely low temperatures, reaching almost completely degenerated state. The Fermi velocity of the neutrinos becomes less than 100 km/s. The equations of dynamics for the cosmic background neutrinos are derived for the spherical and axisymmetrical thin circular disk galaxies. The equations comprise the gravitational potential and gravity of the uniform baryonic disk galaxies. Then the equations are integrated analytically over the disk radius. The constant radial neutrino flux in spherical galaxies favors formation of the wide unipotential wells in them. The neutrino flux in the axisymmetrical galaxies suggests to favor the evolution in the direction of a spherically symmetrical potential. The generated unipotential wells are observed as plateaux in the velocity curves of circular stellar orbits. The constant neutrino density at galactic centers gives the linear part of the curves. The derived system of quasilinear differential equations for neutrinos in the axisymmetrical galaxies have been reduced to the system of the Lagrange-Charpit equations: the coupled differential equations, specifying the local neutrino velocities and dynamics of motion along trajectories, and an additional interconnected equation of the neutrino mass conservation, which can be applied for the determination of density of the neutrino component in galaxies.

Sapar, A.

450

Coronal Neutrino Emission in Hypercritical Accretion Flows  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hypercritical accretion flows onto stellar mass black holes (BHs) are commonly believed to be as a promising model of central engines of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In this model a certain fraction of the gravitational binding energy of accreting matter is deposited to the energy of relativistic jets via neutrino annihilation and/or magnetic fields. However, some recent studies have indicated that the energy deposition rate by neutrino annihilation is somewhat smaller than that needed to power a GRB. To overcome this difficulty, Ramirez-Ruiz and Socrates proposed that high-energy neutrinos from the hot corona above the accretion disk might enhance the efficiency of the energy deposition. We elucidate the disk corona model in the context of hypercritical accretion flows. From the energy balance in the disk and the corona, we can calculate the disk and coronal temperature, Td and Tc, and neutrino spectra, taking into account the neutrino cooling processes by neutrino-electron scatterings and neutrino pair productions. The calculated neutrino spectra consist of two peaks: one by the neutrino emission from the disk and the other by that from the corona. We find that the disk corona can enhance the efficiency of energy release but only by a factor of 1.5 or so, unless the height of the corona is very small, H<neutrino emission is very sensitive to the temperature of the emitting region, and then the ratio Tc/Td cannot be very large.

Kawabata, R.; Mineshige, S.; Kawanaka, N.

2008-03-01

451

Constraints on the relic neutrino abundance and implications for cosmological neutrino mass limits  

SciTech Connect

The authors examine a mechanism which can lead to flavor transformation of neutrino-antineutrino asymmetries in the early universe, a process which is unavoidable when the neutrino mixing angles are large. This sets the best limit on the lepton number of the universe, and hence on the relic neutrino abundance. They also consider the consequences for the relic neutrino abundance if extra neutrino interactions are allowed, e.g., the coupling of the neutrinos to a light (compared to m{sub {nu}}) boson. For a wide range of couplings not excluded by other considerations, the relic neutrinos would annihilate to bosons at late times, and thus make a negligible contribution to the matter density today. This mechanism evades the neutrino mass limits arising from large scale structure.

Bell, Nicole F.; /Fermilab

2004-01-01

452

Measurement of the cosmic ray and neutrino-induced muon flux at the Sudbury neutrino observatory  

E-print Network

Results are reported on the measurement of the atmospheric neutrino-induced muon flux at a depth of 2 kilometers below the Earth’s surface from 1229 days of operation of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO). By measuring ...

Formaggio, Joseph A.

453

New bounds on neutrino electric millicharge from GEMMA experiment on neutrino magnetic moment  

E-print Network

Using the new limit on the neutrino anomalous magnetic moment recently obtained by GEMMA experiment we get an order-of-magnitude estimation for possible new direct upper bound on the neutrino electric millicharge $\\mid q_{\

Brudanin, Victor B; Starostin, Alexander S; Studenikin, Alexander I

2014-01-01

454

Measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters from muon neutrino disappearance with an off-axis beam.  

PubMed

The T2K Collaboration reports a precision measurement of muon neutrino disappearance with an off-axis neutrino beam with a peak energy of 0.6 GeV. Near detector measurements are used to constrain the neutrino flux and cross section parameters. The Super-Kamiokande far detector, which is 295 km downstream of the neutrino production target, collected data corresponding to 3.01×10(20) protons on target. In the absence of neutrino oscillations, 205±17 (syst) events are expected to be detected while only 58 muon neutrino event candidates are observed. A fit to the neutrino rate and energy spectrum, assuming three neutrino flavors and normal mass hierarchy yields a best-fit mixing angle sin2(?23)=0.514±0.082 and mass splitting |?m(32)(2)|=2.44(-0.15)(+0.17)×10(-3) eV2/c4. Our result corresponds to the maximal oscillation disappearance probability. PMID:24313479

Abe, K; Adam, J; Aihara, H; Akiri, T; Andreopoulos, C; Aoki, S; Ariga, A; Ariga, T; Assylbekov, S; Autiero, D; Barbi, M; Barker, G J; Barr, G; Bass, M; Batkiewicz, M; Bay, F; Bentham, S W; Berardi, V; Berger, B E; Berkman, S; Bertram, I; Bhadra, S; Blaszczyk, F D M; Blondel, A; Bojechko, C; Bordoni, S; Boyd, S B; Brailsford, D; Bravar, A; Bronner, C; Buchanan, N; Calland, R G; Caravaca Rodríguez, J; Cartwright, S L; Castillo, R; Catanesi, M G; Cervera, A; Cherdack, D; Christodoulou, G; Clifton, A; Coleman, J; Coleman, S J; Collazuol, G; Connolly, K; Cremonesi, L; Curioni, A; Dabrowska, A; Danko, I; Das, R; Davis, S; de Perio, P; De Rosa, G; Dealtry, T; Dennis, S R; Densham, C; Di Lodovico, F; Di Luise, S; Drapier, O; Duboyski, T; Duffy, K; Dufour, F; Dumarchez, J; Dytman, S; Dziewiecki, M; Emery, S; Ereditato, A; Escudero, L; Finch, A J; Frank, E; Friend, M; Fujii, Y; Fukuda, Y; Furmanski, A P; Galymov, V; Gaudin, A; Giffin, S; Giganti, C; Gilje, K; Golan, T; Gomez-Cadenas, J J; Gonin, M; Grant, N; Gudin, D; Hadley, D R; Haesler, A; Haigh, M D; Hamilton, P; Hansen, D; Hara, T; Hartz, M; Hasegawa, T; Hastings, N C; Hayato, Y; Hearty, C; Helmer, R L; Hierholzer, M; Hignight, J; Hillairet, A; Himmel, A; Hiraki, T; Hirota, S; Holeczek, J; Horikawa, S; Huang, K; Ichikawa, A K; Ieki, K; Ieva, M; Ikeda, M; Imber, J; Insler, J; Irvine, T J; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Ives, S J; Iyogi, K; Izmaylov, A; Jacob, A; Jamieson, B; Johnson, R A; Jo, J H; Jonsson, P; Joo, K K; Jung, C K; Kaboth, A C; Kajita, T; Kakuno, H; Kameda, J; Kanazawa, Y; Karlen, D; Karpikov, I; Kearns, E; Khabibullin, M; Khotjantsev, A; Kielczewska, D; Kikawa, T; Kilinski, A; Kim, J; Kim, S B; Kisiel, J; Kitching, P; Kobayashi, T; Kogan, G; Kolaceke, A; Konaka, A; Kormos, L L; Korzenev, A; Koseki, K; Koshio, Y; Kreslo, I; Kropp, W; Kubo, H; Kudenko, Y; Kumaratunga, S; Kurjata, R; Kutter, T; Lagoda, J; Laihem, K; Laveder, M; Lawe, M; Lazos, M; Lee, K P; Licciardi, C; Lim, I T; Lindner, T; Lister, C; Litchfield, R P; Longhin, A; Lopez, G D; Ludovici, L; Macaire, M; Magaletti, L; Mahn, K; Malek, M; Manly, S; Marino, A D; Marteau, J; Martin, J F; Maruyama, T; Marzec, J; Masliah, P; Mathie, E L; Matveev, V; Mavrokoridis, K; Mazzucato, E; McCarthy, M; McCauley, N; McFarland, K S; McGrew, C; Metelko, C; Mijakowski, P; Miller, C A; Minamino, A; Mineev, O; Mine, S; Missert, A; Miura, M; Monfregola, L; Moriyama, S; Mueller, Th A; Murakami, A; Murdoch, M; Murphy, S; Myslik, J; Nagasaki, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakahata, M; Nakai, T; Nakamura, K; Nakayama, S; Nakaya, T; Nakayoshi, K; Naples, D; Nielsen, C; Nirkko, M; Nishikawa, K; Nishimura, Y; O'Keeffe, H M; Ohta, R; Okumura, K; Okusawa, T; Oryszczak, W; Oser, S M; Otani, M; Owen, R A; Oyama, Y; Pac, M Y; Palladino, V; Paolone, V; Payne, D; Pearce, G F; Perevozchikov, O; Perkin, J D; Petrov, Y; Pinzon Guerra, E S; Pistillo, C; Plonski, P; Poplawska, E; Popov, B; Posiadala, M; Poutissou, J-M; Poutissou, R; Przewlocki, P; Quilain, B; Radicioni, E; Ratoff, P N; Ravonel, M; Rayner, M A M; Redij, A; Reeves, M; Reinherz-Aronis, E; Retiere, F; Robert, A; Rodrigues, P A; Rondio, E; Roth, S; Rubbia, A; Ruterbories, D; Sacco, R; Sakashita, K; Sánchez, F; Sato, F; Scantamburlo, E; Scholberg, K; Schwehr, J; Scott, M; Seiya, Y; Sekiguchi, T; Sekiya, H; Sgalaberna, D; Shiozawa, M; Short, S; Shustrov, Y; Sinclair, P; Smith, B; Smith, R J; Smy, M; Sobczyk, J T; Sobel, H; Sorel, M; Southwell, L; Stamoulis, P; Steinmann, J; Still, B; Suda, Y; Suzuki, A; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S Y; Suzuki, Y; Szeglowski, T; Tacik, R; Tada, M; Takahashi, S; Takeda, A; Takeuchi, Y; Tanaka, H K; Tanaka, H A; Tanaka, M M; Taylor, I J; Terhorst, D; Terri, R; Thompson, L F; Thorley, A; Tobayama, S; Toki, W; Tomura, T; Totsuka, Y; Touramanis, C; Tsukamoto, T; Tzanov, M; Uchida, Y; Ueno, K; Vacheret, A; Vagins, M; Vasseur, G; Wachala, T; Waldron, A V; Walter, C W; Wark, D; Wascko, M O; Weber, A; Wendell, R; Wilkes, R J; Wilking, M J; Wilkinson, C; Williamson, Z; Wilson, J R; Wilson, R J; Wongjirad, T; Yamada, Y; Yamamoto, K; Yanagisawa, C; Yen, S; Yershov, N; Yokoyama, M; Yuan, T; Zalewska, A; Zalipska, J; Zambelli, L; Zaremba, K; Ziembicki, M; Zimmerman, E D; Zito, M; Zmuda, J

2013-11-22

455

Neutrino-2008: Where are we? Where are we going?  

E-print Network

Our present knowledge of neutrinos can be summarized in terms of the "standard neutrino scenario". Phenomenology of this scenario as well as attempts to uncover physics behind neutrino mass and mixing are described. Goals of future studies include complete reconstruction of the neutrino mass and flavor spectrum, further test of the standard scenario and search for new physics beyond it. Developments of new experimental techniques may lead to construction of new neutrino detectors from table-top to multi-Megaton scales which will open new horizons in the field. With detection of neutrino bursts from the Galactic supernova and high energy cosmic neutrinos neutrino astrophysics will enter qualitatively new phase. Neutrinos and LHC (and future colliders), neutrino astronomy, neutrino structure of the Universe, and probably, neutrino technologies will be among leading topics of research.

Smirnov, Alexei Yu

2008-01-01

456

Neutrino-2008: Where are we? Where are we going?  

E-print Network

Our present knowledge of neutrinos can be summarized in terms of the "standard neutrino scenario". Phenomenology of this scenario as well as attempts to uncover physics behind neutrino mass and mixing are described. Goals of future studies include complete reconstruction of the neutrino mass and flavor spectrum, further test of the standard scenario and search for new physics beyond it. Developments of new experimental techniques may lead to construction of new neutrino detectors from table-top to multi-Megaton scales which will open new horizons in the field. With detection of neutrino bursts from the Galactic supernova and high energy cosmic neutrinos neutrino astrophysics will enter qualitatively new phase. Neutrinos and LHC (and future colliders), neutrino astronomy, neutrino structure of the Universe, and probably, neutrino technologies will be among leading topics of research.

Alexei Yu. Smirnov

2008-10-15

457

Why understanding neutrino interactions is important for oscillation physics  

E-print Network

Uncertainties in knowledge of neutrino interactions directly impact the ability to measure the parameters of neutrino oscillation. Experiments which make use of differing technologies and neutrino beams are sensitive to different uncertainties. Several experimental and theoretical issues are reviewed.

C. W. Walter

2007-09-23

458

Neutrino-2008: Where are we? Where are we going?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our present knowledge of neutrinos can be summarized in terms of the 'standard neutrino scenario'. Phenomenology of this scenario as well as attempts to uncover physics behind neutrino mass and mixing are described. Goals of future studies include complete reconstruction of the neutrino mass and flavor spectrum, further test of the standard scenario and search for new physics beyond it. Developments of new experimental techniques may lead to construction of new neutrino detectors from table-top to multi-Megaton scales which will open new horizons in the field. With detection of neutrino bursts from the Galactic supernova and high energy cosmic neutrinos neutrino astrophysics will enter qualitatively new phase. Neutrinos and LHC (and future colliders), neutrino astronomy, neutrino structure of the Universe, and probably, neutrino technologies will be among leading topics of research.

Smirnov, Alexei Yu

2008-11-01

459

Constraints on Neutrino Oscillations Using 1258 Days of Super-Kamiokande Solar Neutrino Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the result of a search for neutrino oscillations using precise measurements of the recoil electron energy spectrum and zenith angle variations of the solar neutrino flux from 1258 days of neutrino-electron scattering data in Super-Kamiokande. The absence of significant zenith angle variation and spectrum distortion places strong constraints on neutrino mixing and mass difference in a flux-independent way.

S. Fukuda; Y. Fukuda; M. Ishitsuka; Y. Itow; T. Kajita; J. Kameda; K. Kaneyuki; K. Kobayashi; Y. Koshio; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; S. Nakayama; A. Okada; N. Sakurai; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; H. Takeuchi; Y. Takeuchi; T. Toshito; Y. Totsuka; S. Yamada; S. Desai; M. Earl; E. Kearns; M. D. Messier; K. Scholberg; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; C. W. Walter; M. Goldhaber; T. Barszczak; D. Casper; W. Gajewski; W. R. Kropp; S. Mine; D. W. Liu; L. R. Price; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; M. R. Vagins; K. S. Ganezer; W. E. Keig; R. W. Ellsworth; S. Tasaka; A. Kibayashi; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; D. Takemori; Y. Hayato; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; K. Nakamura; Y. Obayashi; Y. Oyama; A. Sakai; M. Sakuda; M. Kohama; A. Suzuki; T. Inagaki; T. Nakaya; K. Nishikawa; T. J. Haines; E. Blaufuss; S. Dazeley; K. B. Lee; R. Svoboda; J. A. Goodman; G. Guillian; G. W. Sullivan; D. Turcan; A. Habig; J. Hill; C. K. Jung; K. Martens; M. Malek; C. Mauger; C. McGrew; E. Sharkey; B. Viren; C. Yanagisawa; C. Mitsuda; K. Miyano; C. Saji; T. Shibata; Y. Kajiyama; Y. Nagashima; K. Nitta; M. Takita; M. Yoshida; H. I. Kim; S. B. Kim; J. Yoo; H. Okazawa; T. Ishizuka; M. Etoh; Y. Gando; T. Hasegawa; K. Inoue; K. Ishihara; T. Maruyama; J. Shirai; M. Koshiba; Y. Hatakeyama; Y. Ichikawa; M. Koike; K. Nishijima; H. Fujiyasu; H. Ishino; M. Morii; Y. Watanabe; U. Golebiewska; D. Kielczewska; S. C. Boyd; A. L. Stachyra; R. J. Wilkes; K. K. Young

2001-01-01

460

Constraints on neutrino mixing angle theta_13 and Supernova neutrino fluxes from the LSD neutrino signal from SN1987A  

E-print Network

Detection of 5 events by the Liquid Scintillation Detector (LSD) on February, 23, 1987 was recently interpreted as a detection of the electron neutrino flux from the first stage of the two-stage Supernova collapse. We show that, if neutrino mass hierarchy is normal, such interpretation excludes values of neutrino mixing angle \\theta_{13} larger than 3\\cdot 10^{-2}, independently of the particular Supernova collapse model. Also constraints on the original fluxes of neutrinos and antineutrinos of different flavours are obtained.

Oleg Lychkovskiy

2006-04-12

461

Constraints on neutrino mixing angle theta_13 and Supernova neutrino fluxes from the LSD neutrino signal from SN1987A  

E-print Network

Detection of 5 events by the Liquid Scintillation Detector (LSD) on February, 23, 1987 was recently interpreted as a detection of the electron neutrino flux from the first stage of the two-stage Supernova collapse. We show that, if neutrino mass hierarchy is normal, such interpretation excludes values of neutrino mixing angle \\theta_{13} larger than 3\\cdot 10^{-2}, independently of the particular Supernova collapse model. Also constraints on the original fluxes of neutrinos and antineutrinos of different flavours are obtained.

Lychkovskiy, O

2006-01-01

462

Neutrino Oscillations in the Scheme of Charge (Couple Constant) Mixings  

E-print Network

In the Standard theory of neutrino oscillations is used scheme of mass mixings, i.e., oscillation parameters are expressed via terms of mass matrix. In this work neutrino oscillations generated by charge (the weak interaction couple constants) mixings are considered. Expressions for angle mixings and lengths of oscillations are obtained. The expressions of the probability for three neutrino oscillations are given. Neutrino oscillations in this scheme (mechanism) are virtual if neutrino masses are not equal and real if neutrino masses are equal.

Kh. M. Beshtoev

2005-06-24

463

Neutrino and Antineutrino Cross sections at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE experiment has reported a number of high statistics neutrino and anti-neutrino cross sections -among which are the charged current quasi-elastic (CCQE) and neutral current elastic (NCE) neutrino scattering on mineral oil (CH2). Recently a study of the neutrino contamination of the anti-neutrino beam has concluded and the analysis of the anti-neutrino CCQE and NCE scattering is ongoing.

Dharmapalan, Ranjan; /Alabama U.

2011-10-01

464

Neutrino and Antineutrino Cross sections at MiniBooNE  

E-print Network

The MiniBooNE experiment has reported a number of high statistics neutrino and anti-neutrino cross sections-among which are the charged current quasi-elastic (CCQE) and neutral current elastic (NCE) neutrino scattering on mineral oil. Recently a study of the neutrino contamination of the anti-neutrino beam has concluded and the analysis of the anti-neutrino CCQE and NCE scattering is ongoing.

Ranjan Dharmapalan; for the MiniBooNE Collaboration

2011-10-20

465

Annual Modulation of Cosmic Relic Neutrinos  

E-print Network

The cosmic neutrino background (CvB), produced about one second after the Big Bang, permeates the Universe today. New technological advancements make neutrino capture on beta-decaying nuclei (NCB) a clear path forward towards the detection of the CvB. We show that gravitational focusing by the Sun causes the expected neutrino capture rate to modulate annually. The amplitude and phase of the modulation depend on the phase-space distribution of the local neutrino background, which is perturbed by structure formation. These results also apply to searches for sterile neutrinos at NCB experiments. Gravitational focusing is the only source of modulation for neutrino capture experiments, in contrast to dark-matter direct-detection searches where the Earth's time-dependent velocity relative to the Sun also plays a role.

Benjamin R. Safdi; Mariangela Lisanti; Joshua Spitz; Joseph A. Formaggio

2014-04-02

466

Annual Modulation of Cosmic Relic Neutrinos  

E-print Network

The cosmic neutrino background (CvB), produced about one second after the Big Bang, permeates the Universe today. New technological advancements make neutrino capture on beta-decaying nuclei (NCB) a clear path forward towards the detection of the CvB. We show that gravitational focusing by the Sun causes the expected neutrino capture rate to modulate annually. The amplitude and phase of the modulation depend on the phase-space distribution of the local neutrino background, which is perturbed by structure formation. These results also apply to searches for sterile neutrinos at NCB experiments. Gravitational focusing is the only source of modulation for neutrino capture experiments, in contrast to dark-matter direct-detection searches where the Earth's time-dependent velocity relative to the Sun also plays a role.

Safdi, Benjamin R; Spitz, Joshua; Formaggio, Joseph A

2014-01-01

467

High Energy Neutrino Astronomy: WIN 99  

E-print Network

Although high energy neutrino astronomy is a multidisciplinary science, gamma ray bursts have become the theoretical focus since recent astronomical observations revealed their potential as cosmic particle accelerators. This spotlight is shared with investigations of the potential of high energy telescopes to observe oscillating atmospheric neutrinos. The Superkamiokande results have boosted atmospheric neutrinos from a calibration tool and a background for doing astronomy, to an opportunity to confirm the evidence for neutrino mass. Nevertheless, the highlights are mostly on the experimental front with the completion of the first-generation Baikal and AMANDA detectors. Neutrino signals from the Lake Baikal detector bode well for the flurry of activities in the Mediterranean. The completed AMANDA telescope announced first light, neutrinos actually, at this meeting.

F. Halzen

1999-04-16

468

Dynamical Collective Calculation of Supernova Neutrino Signals  

SciTech Connect

We present the first calculations with three flavors of collective and shock wave effects for neutrino propagation in core-collapse supernovae using hydrodynamical density profiles and the S matrix formalism. We explore the interplay between the neutrino-neutrino interaction and the effects of multiple resonances upon the time signal of positrons in supernova observatories. A specific signature is found for the inverted hierarchy and a large third neutrino mixing angle and we predict, in this case, a dearth of lower energy positrons in Cherenkov detectors midway through the neutrino signal and the simultaneous revelation of valuable information about the original fluxes. We show that this feature is also observable with current generation neutrino detectors at the level of several sigmas.

Gava, Jerome; Kneller, James; Volpe, Cristina; McLaughlin, G. C. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, F-91406 Orsay cedex, CNRS/IN2P3 and University of Paris-XI (France); Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States)

2009-08-14

469

Neutrino Condensate as Origin of Dark Energy  

E-print Network

We propose a new solution to the origin of dark energy. We suggest that it was created dynamically from the condensate of a singlet neutrino at a late epoch of the early Universe through its effective self interaction. This singlet neutrino is also the Dirac partner of one of the three observed neutrinos, hence dark energy is related to neutrino mass. The onset of this condensate formation in the early Universe is also related to matter density and offers an explanation of the coincidence problem of why dark energy (70%) and total matter (30%) are comparable at the present time. We demonstrate this idea in a model of neutrino mass with (right-handed) singlet neutrinos and a singlet scalar.

Jitesh R. Bhatt; Bipin R. Desai; Ernest Ma; G. Rajasekaran; Utpal Sarkar

2009-11-26

470

Burst Neutrinos from the Nitrogen Flash  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutrinos provide us with a novel probe in which to explore the deep interior of astrophysical objects that otherwise would not be accessible with optical observations; among the notable examples are solar and supernova neutrinos. We show that there is a new class of strong neutrino emission from helium burning, 14N + ? --> 18F + ? followed by beta decay 18F --> 18O + e+ + ?e, that gives a maximum neutrino luminosity of 108 times the solar bolometric luminosity at the helium-core flash of a 1 Msolar star, whereas the flash is not observable by optical means. This means that the neutrino flux, with an average energy of 0.382 MeV, will be 10% the solar CNO neutrino flux on Earth if the star is located at 10 pc.

Serenelli, A. M.; Fukugita, M.

2005-10-01

471

Annual modulation of cosmic relic neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cosmic neutrino background (C?B), produced about one second after the big bang, permeates the Universe today. New technological advancements make neutrino capture on beta-decaying nuclei (NCB) a clear path forward towards the detection of the C?B. We show that gravitational focusing by the Sun causes the expected neutrino capture rate to modulate annually. The amplitude and phase of the modulation depend on the phase-space distribution of the local neutrino background, which is perturbed by structure formation. These results also apply to searches for sterile neutrinos at NCB experiments. Gravitational focusing is the only source of modulation for neutrino capture experiments, in contrast to dark-matter direct-detection searches where the Earth's time-dependent velocity relative to the Sun also plays a role.

Safdi, Benjamin R.; Lisanti, Mariangela; Spitz, Joshua; Formaggio, Joseph A.

2014-08-01

472

Measuring anisotropies in the cosmic neutrino background  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neutrino capture on tritium has emerged as a promising method for detecting the cosmic neutrino background (C ? B ). We show that relic neutrinos are captured most readily when their spin vectors are antialigned with the polarization axis of the tritium nuclei and when they approach along the direction of polarization. As a result, C ? B observatories may measure anisotropies in the cosmic neutrino velocity and spin distributions by polarizing the tritium targets. A small dipole anisotropy in the C ? B is expected due to the peculiar velocity of the lab frame with respect to the cosmic frame and due to late-time gravitational effects. The PTOLEMY experiment, a tritium observatory currently under construction, should observe a nearly isotropic background. This would serve as a strong test of the cosmological origin of a potential signal. The polarized-target measurements may also constrain nonstandard neutrino interactions that would induce larger anisotropies and help discriminate between Majorana versus Dirac neutrinos.

Lisanti, Mariangela; Safdi, Benjamin R.; Tully, Christopher G.

2014-10-01

473

Neutrinos decoupled from $?$-processes and supernova explosion  

E-print Network

Based on the gravitational collapse time-scale is larger than the weak interaction time-scale at core densities $\\rho > 10^{11} {gr}/ {cm}^{3}$, we approximately use the $\\beta$-equilibrium condition and particle number conservations to calculate the number and energy densities of neutrino sphere in the process of gravitational core collapse towards the formation of a proto-neutron star. We find that at core densities $\\rho_{dec} > 10^{12} {gr}/ {cm}^{3}$, the $\\beta$-equilibrium condition cannot be satisfied consistently with charge, baryon and lepton number conservations, leading to the presence of excess neutrinos decoupling from the $\\beta$-equilibrium. These excess neutrinos interact with nucleons and electrons via the neutral current channel only and their diffusion time is about $10^{-2}$ sec. The excess neutrino flux could play an important role in an Supernova explosion, provided the fraction of excess neutrinos over all neutrinos is at least one present.

R. Mohammadi; Remo Ruffini; She-Sheng Xue

2012-06-03

474

Majorana phases and neutrino-antineutrino oscillations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

If massive neutrinos are the Majorana particles, how to pin down the Majorana CP-violating phases will eventually become an unavoidable question relevant to the future neutrino experiments. I argue that a study of neutrino-antineutrino oscillations will greatly help in this regard, although the issue remains purely academic at present. In this talk I first derive the probabilities and CP-violating asymmetries of neutrino-antineutrino oscillations in the three-flavor framework, and then illustrate their properties in two special cases: the normal neutrino mass hierarchy with m1 = 0 and the inverted neutrino mass hierarchy with m3 = 0. I demonstrate the significant contributions of the Majorana phases to the CP-violating asymmetries, even in the absence of the Dirac phase.

Xing, Zhi-Zhong

2014-08-01

475

Looking for matter enhanced neutrino oscillations via day v. night asymmetries in the NCD phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

E-print Network

To measure the regeneration of electron neutrinos during passage through the Earth via the MSW effect, the difference in electron neutrino flux between day and night is measured at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO). ...

Ott, Richard Anthony, III

2011-01-01

476

Exotic Solutions to the Solar Neutrino Problem and Some Implications for Low Energy Solar Neutrino Experiments  

E-print Network

In this talk, I review, from the phenomenological point of view, solutions to the solar neutrino problem, which are not provided by the conventional neutrino oscillation induced by mass and flavor mixing, and show that they can provide a good fit to the observed data. I also consider some simple implications for low energy solar neutrino experiments.

H. Nunokawa

2001-05-03

477

Detection of ultra-high-energy neutrinos by IceCube: sterile neutrino scenario  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The short-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments, the excess of radiation from the measurement of the cosmic microwave background radiation, the necessity of the nonbaryonic dark matter candidate, and the depletion of the neutrino flux in IceCube all seem to hint at new physics beyond the standard model. An economical way to address these issues is to invoke the existence of sterile neutrinos. We present simple extensions of the standard model with additionally three sterile neutrinos and discuss the corresponding PMNS like neutrino flavor mixing matrix. The noteworthy features of the sterile neutrino scenario advocated here are that the lightest one is almost degenerate with one of the active neutrinos, the second sterile has mass of order eV, and the heaviest one is in the keV range. In the present scenario, the short-baseline anomaly is explained through , the depletion of the muon neutrino flux in IceCube is explained through , and the dark matter problem is addressed through . Our proposed mixing matrix is also compatible with the observed neutrino oscillation data. We show that the high-energy muon and the tau neutrino fluxes from Gamma Ray Bursts can be depleted in IceCube by as much as 38 and 43 %, respectively. These substantial depletions in both muon and tau neutrino fluxes are due to their small but sizable mixing with the sterile neutrinos.

Rajpoot, Subhash; Sahu, Sarira; Wang, Hsi Ching

2014-06-01

478

Comment on 'Time-energy uncertainty relations for neutrino oscillations and the Mossbauer neutrino experiment'  

E-print Network

We discuss the implications of the time-energy uncertainty relation to recoillessly emitted and captured neutrinos (Mossbauer neutrinos) and show that it does not preclude oscillations of these neutrinos, contrary to a recent claim (J. Phys. G35 (2008) 095003, arXiv:0803.0527).

Evgeny Kh. Akhmedov; Joachim Kopp; Manfred Lindner

2008-03-10

479

Combined Analysis of all Three Phases of Solar Neutrino Data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report results from a combined analysis of solar neutrino data from all phases of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. By exploiting particle identification information obtained from the proportional counters installed during the third phase, this analysis improved background rejection in that phase of the experiment. The combined analysis resulted in a total flux of active neutrino flavors from 8B decays

B. Aharmim; S. N. Ahmed; A. E. Anthony; N. Barros; E. W. Beier; A. Bellerive; B. Beltran; M. Bergevin; S. D. Biller; K. Boudjemline; M. G. Boulay; B. Cai; Y. D. Chan; D. Chauhan; M. Chen; B. T. Cleveland; G. A. Cox; X. Dai; H. Deng; J. A. Detwiler; M. DiMarco; P. J. Doe; G. Doucas; P.-L. Drouin; F. A. Duncan; M. Dunford; E. D. Earle; S. R. Elliott; H. C. Evans; G. T. Ewan; J. Farine; H. Fergani; F. Fleurot; R. J. Ford; J. A. Formaggio; N. Gagnon; J. T. M. Goon; K. Graham; E. Guillian; S. Habib; R. L. Hahn; A. L. Hallin; E. D. Hallman; P. J. Harvey; R. Hazama; W. J. Heintzelman; J. Heise; R. L. Helmer; A. Hime; C. Howard; M. Huang; P. Jagam; B. Jamieson; N. A. Jelley; M. Jerkins; K. J. Keeter; J. R. Klein; L. L. Kormos; M. Kos; C. Kraus; C. B. Krauss; A Kruger; T. Kutter; C. C. M. Kyba; R. Lange; J. Law; I. T. Lawson; K. T. Lesko; J. R. Leslie; J. C. Loach; R. MacLellan; S. Majerus; H. B. Mak; J. Maneira; R. Martin; N. McCauley; A. B. McDonald; S. R. McGee; M. L. Miller; B. Monreal; J. Monroe; B. G. Nickel; A. J. Noble; H. M. O'Keeffe; N. S. Oblath; R. W. Ollerhead; G. D. Orebi Gann; S. M. Oser; R. A. Ott; S. J. M. Peeters; A. W. P. Poon; G. Prior; S. D. Reitzner; K. Rielage; B. C. Robertson; R. G. H. Robertson; R. C. Rosten; M. H. Schwendener; J. A. Secrest; S. R. Seibert; O. Simard; J. J. Simpson; P. Skensved; T. J. Sonley; L. C. Stonehill; G. Tesic; N. Tolich; T. Tsui; R. Van Berg; B. A. VanDevender; C. J. Virtue; H. Wan Chan Tseung; D. L. Wark; P. J. S. Watson; J. Wendland; J. F. Wilkerson; J. R. Wilson; J. M. Wouters; A. Wright; M. Yeh; F. Zhang; K. Zuber

2011-01-01

480

Neutrino oscillograms of the Earth and CP violation in neutrino oscillations  

E-print Network

An analysis of 3-flavour neutrino oscillations inside the Earth is presented in terms of the oscillograms -- contour plots of oscillation probabilities in the plane neutrino energy -- nadir angle. Special attention is paid to CP violation in neutrino oscillations in the Earth.

Evgeny Akhmedov

2009-01-22