Sample records for fourth family neutrinos

  1. Fourth standard model family neutrino at future linear colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Ciftci, A.K.; Ciftci, R.; Sultansoy, S. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara (Turkey); Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Gazi University, 06500 Teknikokullar, Ankara (Turkey)

    2005-09-01

    It is known that flavor democracy favors the existence of the fourth standard model (SM) family. In order to give nonzero masses for the first three-family fermions flavor democracy has to be slightly broken. A parametrization for democracy breaking, which gives the correct values for fundamental fermion masses and, at the same time, predicts quark and lepton Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrices in a good agreement with the experimental data, is proposed. The pair productions of the fourth SM family Dirac ({nu}{sub 4}) and Majorana (N{sub 1}) neutrinos at future linear colliders with {radical}(s)=500 GeV, 1 TeV, and 3 TeV are considered. The cross section for the process e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}{nu}{sub 4}{nu}{sub 4}(N{sub 1}N{sub 1}) and the branching ratios for possible decay modes of the both neutrinos are determined. The decays of the fourth family neutrinos into muon channels ({nu}{sub 4}(N{sub 1}){yields}{mu}{sup {+-}}W{sup {+-}}) provide cleanest signature at e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders. Meanwhile, in our parametrization this channel is dominant. W bosons produced in decays of the fourth family neutrinos will be seen in detector as either di-jets or isolated leptons. As an example, we consider the production of 200 GeV mass fourth family neutrinos at {radical}(s)=500 GeV linear colliders by taking into account di-muon plus four jet events as signatures.

  2. Search for the fourth standard model family

    SciTech Connect

    Sahin, M.; Sultansoy, S.; Turkoz, S. [TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Physics Division, Ankara (Turkey); TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Physics Division, Ankara (Turkey) and Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences, Baku (Azerbaijan); Ankara University, Department of Physics, Ankara (Turkey)

    2011-03-01

    Existence of the fourth family follows from the basics of the standard model (SM) and the actual mass spectrum of the third family fermions. We discuss possible manifestations of the fourth SM family at existing and future colliders. The LHC and Tevatron potentials to discover the fourth SM family have been compared. The scenario with dominance of the anomalous decay modes of the fourth-family quarks has been considered in detail.

  3. Bounding CKM Mixing with a Fourth Family

    SciTech Connect

    Chanowitz, Michael S.

    2009-04-22

    CKM mixing between third family quarks and a possible fourth family is constrained by global fits to the precision electroweak data. The dominant constraint is from nondecoupling oblique corrections rather than the vertex correction to Z {yields} {bar b}b used in previous analyses. The possibility of large mixing suggested by some recent analyses of FCNC processes is excluded, but 3-4 mixing of the same order as the Cabbibo mixing of the first two families is allowed.

  4. A New Family with a Fourth Lepton Flavour

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharafiddinov, Rasulkhozha S.

    2014-03-01

    We present here arguments in favor of the existence of the most lightest lepton and its neutrino. This new family with a fourth lepton flavour in the first turn must uncover so far unobserved universal properties of matter. The unity of their laws predicts the flavour symmetrical schemes for the decays of the electron and the proton. Thereby, it admits the new modes in the decays of the muon, tau lepton and the neutron. At the same time, in all these transitions no conservation laws are violated.

  5. Quest for the fourth neutrino with SOX

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maricic, Jelena

    2014-09-01

    Both accelerator and reactor based neutrino experiments show indications of neutrino changing oscillations at a very short baseline, different from the standard three neutrino flavor mixing picture. Placement of the PBq antineutrino generator 144Ce-144Pr (followed by monoenergetic 51Cr neutrino generator) in the close vicinity of the Borexino liquid scintillator antineutrino detector, provides a unique opportunity to test the short baseline hypothesis for the actual L/E oscillation signature. The project is called SOX (Source in Borexino detector). We will present the physics potential of the experiment, current status of the source production and plans for the deployment. Both accelerator and reactor based neutrino experiments show indications of neutrino changing oscillations at a very short baseline, different from the standard three neutrino flavor mixing picture. Placement of the PBq antineutrino generator 144Ce-144Pr (followed by monoenergetic 51Cr neutrino generator) in the close vicinity of the Borexino liquid scintillator antineutrino detector, provides a unique opportunity to test the short baseline hypothesis for the actual L/E oscillation signature. The project is called SOX (Source in Borexino detector). We will present the physics potential of the experiment, current status of the source production and plans for the deployment. Support of Department of Energy, INFN, European Research Council.

  6. Searching for the fourth family quarks through anomalous decays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sahin, M.; Sultansoy, S.; Turkoz, S.

    2010-09-01

    The flavor democracy hypothesis predicts the existence of the fourth standard model family. Because of the high masses of the fourth family quarks, their anomalous decays could be dominant if certain criteria are met. This will drastically change the search strategy at hadron colliders. We show that the fourth standard model family down quarks with masses up to 400-450 GeV can be observed (or excluded) via anomalous decays by Tevatron.

  7. Fourth International Conference on Families with Parental Mental Health Challenges

    E-print Network

    Michelson, David G.

    Fourth International Conference on Families with Parental Mental Health Challenges Sponsored by Conference Information Online: interprofessional.ubc.ca/MentalHealth2014 Addressing the Needs of the Whole Education #12;Fourth International Conference on Families with Parental Mental Health Challenges 2 G E N E R

  8. On the nature of the fourth generation neutrino and its implications

    E-print Network

    Aparici, Alberto; Rius, Nuria; Santamaria, Arcadi

    2012-01-01

    We consider the neutrino sector of a Standard Model with four generations. While the three light neutrinos can obtain their masses from a variety of mechanisms with or without new neutral fermions, fourth-generation neutrinos need at least one new relatively light right-handed neutrino. If lepton number is not conserved this neutrino must have a Majorana mass term whose size depends on the underlying mechanism for lepton number violation. Majorana masses for the fourth generation neutrinos induce relative large two-loop contributions to the light neutrino masses which could be even larger than the cosmological bounds. This sets strong limits on the mass parameters and mixings of the fourth generation neutrinos.

  9. Single Production of Fourth Family Quarks at the LHC

    E-print Network

    O. Cakir; I. Turk Cakir; H. Duran Yildiz; R. Mehdiyev

    2008-02-11

    We study the single production of the fourth family quarks through the process pp--> Q'jX at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We have calculated the decay widths and branching ratios of the fourth family quarks (b' and t') in the mass range 300-800 GeV. The cross sections of signal and background processes have been calculated in a Monte Carlo framework. It is shown that the LHC can discover single t' and b' quarks if the CKM matrix elements |V_{t'q}|,|V_{qb'}|>=0.01.

  10. $?(27)$ family symmetry and neutrino mixing

    E-print Network

    Ivo de Medeiros Varzielas

    2015-07-01

    The observed neutrino mixing, having a near maximal atmospheric neutrino mixing angle and a large solar mixing angle, is close to tri-bi-maximal. This structure may be related to the existence of a discrete non-Abelian family symmetry. In this paper the family symmetry is the non-Abelian discrete group $\\Delta(27)$, a subgroup of $SU(3)$ with triplet and anti-triplet representations. Different frameworks are constructed in which the mixing follows from combining fermion mass terms with the vacuum structure enforced by the discrete symmetry. Mass terms for the fermions originate from familon triplets, anti-triplets or both. Vacuum alignment for the family symmetry breaking familons follows from simple invariants.

  11. Fourth SM family, breaking of mass democracy, and the CKM mixings

    SciTech Connect

    Atag, S.; Celikel, A.; Ciftci, A.K. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan-Ankara (Turkey); Sultansoy, S. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan-Ankara (Turkey)]|[Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, Baku (Azerbaijan); Yilmaz, U.O. [Physics Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, METU, Ankara (Turkey)

    1996-11-01

    We consider the violation of the democratic mass matrix in the framework of the four-family standard model. Predictions of fourth-family fermion masses as well as quark and lepton CKM mixings are presented. Production and decay modes of new fermions are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  12. General Majorana Neutrino Mass Matrix from a Low Energy SU(3) Family Symmetry with Sterile Neutrinos

    E-print Network

    Albino Hernandez-Galeana

    2014-12-20

    Within the framework of a local SU(3) family symmetry model, we report a general analysis of the mechanism for neutrino mass generation and mixing, including light sterile neutrinos. In this scenario, ordinary heavy fermions, top and bottom quarks and tau lepton, become massive at tree level from Dirac See-saw mechanisms implemented by the introduction of a new set of $SU(2)_L$ weak singlet vector-like fermions, U,D,E,N, with N a sterile neutrino. Right-handed and the $N_{L,R}$ sterile neutrinos allow the implementation of a 8x8 general Majorana neutrino mass matrix with four or five massless neutrinos at tree level. Hence, light fermions, including light neutrinos get masses from radiative corrections mediated by the massive SU(3) gauge bosons. We report the corresponding Majorana neutrino mass matrix up to one loop. Previous numerical analysis of the free parameters show out solutions for quarks and charged lepton masses within a parameter space region where the vector-like fermion masses $M_U, M_D, M_E$, and the SU(3) family gauge boson masses lie in the low energy region of $\\mathcal{O} (1-20)\\,$TeV, with light neutrinos within the correct order of square neutrino mass differences: $m_2^2-m_1^2 \\approx 7 \\times 10^{-5}\\;\\text{eV}^2$, $m_3^2-m_1^2 \\approx 2 \\times 10^{-3}\\;\\text{eV}^2$, and at least one sterile neutrino of the order $\\approx 0.5\\;\\text{eV}$. A more precise fit of the parameters is still needed to account also for the quark and lepton mixing.

  13. Single Anomalous Production of the Fourth SM Family Leptons at Future e+e-, ep and pp Colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Ciftci, A. K. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara (Turkey); Ciftci, R.; Karadeniz, H. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Gazi University, 06500 Teknikokullar, Ankara (Turkey); Sultansoy, S. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Gazi University, 06500 Teknikokullar, Ankara (Turkey); Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, H. Cavid Avenue 33, Baku (Azerbaijan); Yildiz, H. Duran [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Dumlupinar University, Merkez Campus, Kutahya (Turkey)

    2007-04-23

    Possible single productions of fourth SM family charged and neutral leptons via anomalous interactions at the future e+e-, ep, and pp colliders are studied. Signatures of such anomalous processes are argued at above colliders comparatively.

  14. Single Anomalous Production of the Fourth SM Family Quarks at Future e+e-, ep, and pp Colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Ciftci, A. K. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara (Turkey); Ciftci, R. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Gazi University, 06500 Teknikokullar, Ankara (Turkey); Sultansoy, S. [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Gazi University, 06500 Teknikokullar, Ankara (Turkey); Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, H.Cavid Avenue 33, Baku (Azerbaijan); Yildiz, H. Duran [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Dumlupinar University, Merkez Kampus, Ankara (Turkey)

    2007-04-23

    Possible single productions of fourth SM family u4 and d4 quarks via anomalous interactions at the e+e-, ep, and pp colliders are investigated. Signatures of such anomalous processes are discussed at above colliders comparatively.

  15. Searches for heavy neutrinos from Z decays

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Abreu; W. Adam; F. Adami; T. Adye; T. Akesson; G. D. Alekseev; P. Allen; S. Almehed; S. J. Alvsvaag; U. Amaldi; E. Anassontzis; P. Antilogus; W.-D. Apel; R. J. Apsimon; B. Åsman; P. Astier; J.-E. Augustin; A. Augustinus; P. Baillon; P. Bambade; F. Barao; R. Barate; G. Barbiellini; D. Y. Bardin; A. Baroncelli; O. Barring; W. Bartl; M. J. Bates; M. Battaglia; M. Baubillier; K.-H. Becks; C. J. Beeston; M. Begalli; P. Beilliere; Yu. Belokopytov; P. Beltran; D. Benedic; J. M. Benlloch; M. Berggren; D. Bertrand; F. Bianchi; M. S. Bilenky; P. Billoir; J. Bjarne; D. Bloch; S. Blyth; V. Bocci; P. N. Bogolubov; T. Bolognese; M. Bonapart; M. Bonesini; W. Bonivento; P. S. L. Booth; M. Boratav; P. Borgeaud; G. Borisov; H. Borner; C. Bosio; B. Bostjancic; O. Botner; B. Bouquet; C. Bourdarios; M. Bozzo; S. Braibant; P. Branchini; K. D. Brand; R. A. Brenner; C. Bricman; R. C. A. Brown; N. Brummer; J.-M. Brunet; L. Bugge; T. Buran; H. Burmeister; J. A. M. A. Buytaert; M. Caccia; M. Calvi; A. J. Camacho Rozas; A. Campion; T. Camporesi; V. Canale; F. Cao; F. Carena; L. Carroll; C. Caso; E. Castelli; M. V. Castillo Gimenez; A. Cattai; F. R. Cavallo; L. Cerrito; A. Chan; M. Chapkin; P. Charpentier; L. Chaussard; P. Checchia; G. A. Chelkov; L. Chevalier; P. Chliapnikov; V. Chorowicz; R. Cirio; M. P. Clara; P. Collins; J. L. Contreras; R. Contri; G. Cosme; F. Couchot; H. B. Crawley; D. Crennell; G. Crosetti; M. Crozon; J. Cuevas Maestro; S. Czellar; S. Dagoret; E. Dahl-Jensen; B. Dalmagne; M. Dam; G. Damgaard; G. Darbo; E. Daubie; P. D. Dauncey; M. Davenport; P. David; C. Defoix; D. Delikaris; S. Delorme; P. Delpierre; N. Demaria; A. de Angelis; M. de Beer; H. de Boeck; W. de Boer; C. de Clercq; M. D. M. de Fez Laso; N. de Groot; C. de La Vaissiere; B. de Lotto; A. de Min; H. Dijkstra; L. di Ciaccio; F. Djama; J. Dolbeau; O. Doll; M. Donszelmann; K. Doroba; M. Dracos; J. Drees; M. Dris; Y. Dufour; W. Dulinski; R. Dzhelyadin; L.-O. Eek; P. A.-M. Eerola; T. Ekelof; G. Ekspong; A. Elliot Peisert; J.-P. Engel; D. Fassouliotis; M. Feindt; M. Fernandez Alonso; A. Ferrer; T. A. Filippas; A. Firestone; H. Foeth; E. Fokitis; P. Folegati; F. Fontanelli; K. A. J. Forbes; H. Forsbach; B. Franek; P. Frenkiel; D. C. Fries; A. G. Frodesen; R. Fruhwirth; F. Fulda-Quenzer; K. Furnival; H. Furstenau; J. Fuster; G. Galeazzi; D. Gamba; C. Garcia; J. Garcia; C. Gaspar; U. Gasparini; P. Gavillet; E. N. Gazis; J.-P. Gerber; P. Giacomelli; K.-W. Glitza; R. Gokieli; V. M. Golovatyuk; J. J. Gomez Y Cadenas; A. Goobar; G. Gopal; M. Gorski; V. Gracco; A. Grant; F. Grard; E. Graziani; G. Grosdidier; E. Gross; P. Grosse-Wiesmann; B. Grossetete; J. Guy; F. Hahn; M. Hahn; S. Haider; Z. Hajduk; A. Hakansson; A. Hallgren; K. Hamacher; G. Hamel de Monchenault; F. J. Harris; B. W. Heck; T. Henkes; I. Herbst; J. J. Hernandez; P. Herquet; H. Herr; I. Hietanen; C. O. Higgins; E. Higon; H. J. Hilke; S. D. Hodgson; T. Hofmokl; R. Holmes; S.-O. Holmgren; D. Holthuizen; P. F. Honore; J. E. Hooper; M. Houlden; J. Hrubec; P. O. Hulth; K. Hultqvist; D. Husson; P. Ioannou; D. Isenhower; P.-S. Iversen; J. N. Jackson; P. Jalocha; G. Jarlskog; P. Jarry; B. Jean-Marie; E. K. Johansson; D. Johnson; M. Jonker; L. Jonsson; P. Juillot; G. Kalkanis; G. Kalmus; F. Kapusta; S. Katsanevas; E. C. Katsoufis; R. Keranen; J. Kesteman; B. A. Khomenko; N. N. Khovanski; B. King; N. J. Kjaer; H. Klein; W. Klempt; A. Klovning; P. Kluit; A. Koch-Mehrin; J. H. Koehne; B. Koene; P. Kokkinias; M. Kopf; M. Koratzinos; K. Korcyl; A. V. Korytov; V. Kostiukhin; C. Kourkoumelis; T. Kreuzberger; J. Krolikowski; I. Kronkvist; J. Krstic; U. Kruener-Marquis; W. Krupinski; W. Kucewicz; K. Kurvinen; C. Lacasta; C. Lambropoulos; J. W. Lamsa; L. Lanceri; V. Lapin; J.-P. Laugier; R. Lauhakangas; G. Leder; F. Ledroit; R. Leitner; Y. Lemoigne; J. Lemonne; G. Lenzen; V. Lepeltier; A. Letessier-Selvon; E. Lieb; D. Liko; E. Lillethun; J. Lindgren; A. Lipniacka; I. Lippi; R. Llosa; B. Loerstad; M. Lokajicek; J. G. Loken; A. Lopez-Fernandez; M. A. Lopez Aguera; M. Los; D. Loukas; A. Lounis; J. J. Lozano; P. Lutz; L. Lyons; G. Maehlum; N. Magnussen; J. Maillard; A. Maltezos; F. Mandl; J. Marco; M. Margoni; J.-C. Marin; A. Markou; S. Marti; L. Mathis; F. Matorras; C. Matteuzzi; G. Matthiae; M. Mazzucato; M. McCubbin; R. McKay; R. McNulty; E. Menichetti; G. Meola; C. Meroni; W. T. Meyer; M. Michelotto; W. A. Mitaroff; G. V. Mitselmakher; U. Mjoernmark; T. Moa; R. Moeller; K. Moenig; M. R. Monge; P. Morettini; H. Mueller; W. J. Murray; B. Muryn; G. Myatt; F. Naraghi; U. Nau-Korzen; F. L. Navarria; P. Negri; B. S. Nielsen; B. Nijjhar; V. Nikolaenko; V. Obraztsov; K. Oesterberg; A. G. Olshevski; R. Orava; A. Ostankov; A. Ouraou; M. Paganoni; R. Pain; H. Palka; T. Papadopoulou; L. Pape; A. Passeri; M. Pegoraro; J. Pennanen; V. Perevozchikov; M. Pernicka

    1992-01-01

    We have searched for possible fourth family heavy neutrinos, pair produced in Z0 decays, in a sample of about 112 000 hadronic Z0 final states collected with the DELPHI detector. For all mixing matrix elements we exclude a new Dirac neutrino lighter than 44.5 GeV at a 95% confidence level, if the neutrino couples to the electron or muon family,

  16. Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Act: Questions & Answers. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Partnership for Women and Families, Washington, DC.

    The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) provided workers with the right to take time off from work to care for their families or themselves without fear of losing their jobs. Although this law is relatively straightforward, some employees and employers may be unsure about how it actually works. This guide is designed to answer many…

  17. Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy fourth quark family

    E-print Network

    John Bulava; Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal; Attila Nagy

    2013-01-16

    We present Higgs boson mass bounds in a lattice regularization allowing thus for non-perturbative investigations. In particular, we employ a lattice modified chiral invariant Higgs-Yukawa model using the overlap operator. We show results for the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy mass-degenerate quark doublet with masses ranging up to 700 GeV. We perform infinite volume extrapolations in most cases, and examine several values of the lattice cutoff. Furthermore, we argue that the lower Higgs boson mass bound is stable with respect to the addition of higher dimensional operators to the scalar field potential. Our results have severe consequences for the phenomenology of a fourth generation of quarks if a light Higgs boson is discovered at the LHC.

  18. A Survey of Fourth-Year Medical Students' Decisions regarding Family Practice as a Career.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montano, Daniel E.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    The Fishbein Model of attitude formation was used as a framework for developing a questionnaire to measure students' attitudes toward a career in family practice and the social support students perceived they had for that career. Both the attitude and social support scales had excellent psychometric characteristics. (Author/MLW)

  19. Neutrinos

    E-print Network

    A. de Gouvea; K. Pitts; K. Scholberg; G. P. Zeller; J. Alonso; A. Bernstein; M. Bishai; S. Elliott; K. Heeger; K. Hoffman; P. Huber; L. J. Kaufman; B. Kayser; J. Link; C. Lunardini; B. Monreal; J. G. Morfin; H. Robertson; R. Tayloe; N. Tolich; K. Abazajian; T. Akiri; C. Albright; J. Asaadi; K. S Babu; A. B. Balantekin; P. Barbeau; M. Bass; A. Blake; A. Blondel; E. Blucher; N. Bowden; S. J. Brice; A. Bross; B. Carls; F. Cavanna; B. Choudhary; P. Coloma; A. Connolly; J. Conrad; M. Convery; R. L. Cooper; D. Cowen; H. da Motta; T. de Young; F. Di Lodovico; M. Diwan; Z. Djurcic; M. Dracos; S. Dodelson; Y. Efremenko; T. Ekelof; J. L. Feng; B. Fleming; J. Formaggio; A. Friedland; G. Fuller; H. Gallagher; S. Geer; M. Gilchriese; M. Goodman; D. Grant; G. Gratta; C. Hall; F. Halzen; D. Harris; M. Heffner; R. Henning; J. L. Hewett; R. Hill; A. Himmel; G. Horton-Smith; A. Karle; T. Katori; E. Kearns; S. Kettell; J. Klein; Y. Kim; Y. K. Kim; Yu. Kolomensky; M. Kordosky; Yu. Kudenko; V. A. Kudryavtsev; K. Lande; K. Lang; R. Lanza; K. Lau; H. Lee; Z. Li; B. R. Littlejohn; C. J. Lin; D. Liu; H. Liu; K. Long; W. Louis; K. B. Luk; W. Marciano; C. Mariani; M. Marshak; C. Mauger; K. T. McDonald; K. McFarland; R. McKeown; M. Messier; S. R. Mishra; U. Mosel; P. Mumm; T. Nakaya; J. K. Nelson; D. Nygren; G. D. Orebi Gann; J. Osta; O. Palamara; J. Paley; V. Papadimitriou; S. Parke; Z. Parsa; R. Patterson; A. Piepke; R. Plunkett; A. Poon; X. Qian; J. Raaf; R. Rameika; M. Ramsey-Musolf; B. Rebel; R. Roser; J. Rosner; C. Rott; G. Rybka; H. Sahoo; S. Sangiorgio; D. Schmitz; R. Shrock; M. Shaevitz; N. Smith; M. Smy; H. Sobel; P. Sorensen; A. Sousa; J. Spitz; T. Strauss; R. Svoboda; H. A. Tanaka; J. Thomas; X. Tian; R. Tschirhart; C. Tully; K. Van Bibber; R. G. Van de Water; P. Vahle; P. Vogel; C. W. Walter; D. Wark; M. Wascko; D. Webber; H. Weerts; C. White; H. White; L. Whitehead; R. J. Wilson; L. Winslow; T Wongjirad; E. Worcester; M. Yokoyama; J. Yoo; E. D. Zimmerman

    2013-10-16

    This document represents the response of the Intensity Frontier Neutrino Working Group to the Snowmass charge. We summarize the current status of neutrino physics and identify many exciting future opportunities for studying the properties of neutrinos and for addressing important physics and astrophysics questions with neutrinos.

  20. A new family of implicit fourth order compact schemes for unsteady convection-diffusion equation with variable convection coefficient

    E-print Network

    Shuvam Sen

    2012-01-16

    In this paper, a new family of implicit compact finite difference schemes for computation of unsteady convection-diffusion equation with variable convection coefficient is proposed. The schemes are fourth order accurate in space and second or lower order accurate in time depending on the choice of weighted time average parameter. The proposed schemes, where transport variable and its first derivatives are carried as the unknowns, combine virtues of compact discretization and Pad\\'{e} scheme for spatial derivative. These schemes which are based on five point stencil with constant coefficients, named as \\emph{(5,5) Constant Coefficient 4th Order Compact} [(5,5)CC-4OC], give rise to a diagonally dominant system of equations and shows higher accuracy and better phase and amplitude error characteristics than some of the standard methods. These schemes are capable of using a grid aspect ratio other than unity and are unconditionally stable. They efficiently capture both transient and steady solutions of linear and nonlinear convection-diffusion equations with Dirichlet as well as Neumann boundary condition. The proposed schemes can be easily implemented and are applied to problems governed by incompressible Navier-Stokes equations apart from linear convection-diffusion equation. Results obtained are in excellent agreement with analytical and available numerical results in all cases, establishing efficiency and accuracy of the proposed scheme.

  1. Neutrinos

    PubMed Central

    Besson, Dave; Cowen, Doug; Selen, Mats; Wiebusch, Christopher

    1999-01-01

    Neutrinos represent a new “window” to the Universe, spanning a large range of energy. We discuss the science of neutrino astrophysics and focus on two energy regimes. At “lower” energies (?1 MeV), studies of neutrinos born inside the sun, or produced in interactions of cosmic rays with the atmosphere, have allowed the first incontrovertible evidence that neutrinos have mass. At energies typically one thousand to one million times higher, sources further than the sun (both within the Milky Way and beyond) are expected to produce a flux of particles that can be detected only through neutrinos. PMID:10588680

  2. Indirect search for the fourth genration of quarks and leptons

    SciTech Connect

    Bashiry, Vali [Engineering Faculty, Cyprus International University, Via Mersin 10 (Turkey)

    2008-04-21

    It is known that the Standard Model (SM) does not predict the number of fermion families; N. The only restriction comes from the asymptotic freedom of QCD which requires the number of quarks to be less than 17 and, therefore, the number of SM families to be N{<=}8. Before 1990A-circumflex Ss, many authors published articles related to the extra SM families and their phenomenological consequences. In early 1990A-circumflex Ss, the LEP data yields N is almost 3 where the neutral lepton mass for each family is less than half the mass of the Z boson. Generally, this result is interpreted as the exact value of N, since one assumes that the neutrinos must have very small masses. If we disregard this incorrect assumption, the LEP data does not exclude the existence of extra SM families with heavy neutrinos. Meanwhile, few papers arguing the existence of the fourth SM family have been publishing. These arguments are based on the A-circumflex Sflavor democracyA-circumflex S hypothesis. The study of FCNC in B decays can indirectly shed light on the SM4 family in quark sector and LFV is a good candidate to indirect search for 4th generation of leptons.

  3. Neutrino

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Yongquan

    2015-04-01

    The most basic Quantum are the particles who mutual rotation, quantum is composed of basic quantum.Quantum convergence or divergence is conditional, the faster the particle rotates, the smaller the orbiting radius will be, the greater quality is, the more density will be. The orbiting radius of less than 10-15 meters in the order of convergence, convergence of neutron, proton, and then they are in the formation of the nucleus, and the convergence of quantum can make extra nuclear electron and the formation of atomic; if rotation radius is more than 10-15 meters of magnitude, the internal quantum atoms diverge to outer space in the form of electromagnetic waves. The quality of magnetic wave particle is composed of the rotation speed of the particle which is internal of the electromagnetic, it doesn't matter about the electromagnetic wave propagation velocity of particles. Neutrinos are orbiting particles, the orbiting radius is about 10-15 meters, is a special kind of radiation. Neutrino is between the virtual particles (according to modern science, the electromagnetic wave doesn't have quality) and modern scientific (the particle who has quality) special particles

  4. Ligand-specific activation of HER4/p180erbB4, a fourth member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family.

    PubMed Central

    Plowman, G D; Culouscou, J M; Whitney, G S; Green, J M; Carlton, G W; Foy, L; Neubauer, M G; Shoyab, M

    1993-01-01

    This report describes the isolation and recombinant expression of a cDNA clone encoding HER4, the fourth member of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family. The HER4/erbB4 gene encodes a 180-kDa transmembrane tyrosine kinase (HER4/p180erbB4) whose extracellular domain is most similar to the orphan receptor HER3/p160erbB3, whereas its cytoplasmic kinase domain exhibits 79% and 77% identity with EGFR and HER2/p185erbB2, respectively. HER4 is most predominantly expressed in several breast carcinoma cell lines, and in normal skeletal muscle, heart, pituitary, brain, and cerebellum. In addition, we describe the partial purification of a heparin-binding HER4-stimulatory factor from HepG2 cells. This protein was found to specifically stimulate the intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity of HER4/p180erbB4 while having no direct effect on the phosphorylation of EGFR, HER2, or HER3. Furthermore, this heparin-binding protein induces phenotypic differentiation, and tyrosine phosphorylation, of a human mammary tumor cell line that overexpresses both HER4 and HER2. These findings suggest that this ligand-receptor interaction may play a role in the growth and differentiation of some normal and transformed cells. Images Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 PMID:8383326

  5. Lepton sector of a fourth generation

    SciTech Connect

    Burdman, G. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Da Rold, L. [Centro Atomico Bariloche, Bariloche (Argentina); Matheus, R. D. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2010-09-01

    In extensions of the standard model with a heavy fourth generation, one important question is what makes the fourth-generation lepton sector, particularly the neutrinos, so different from the lighter three generations. We study this question in the context of models of electroweak symmetry breaking in warped extra dimensions, where the flavor hierarchy is generated by choosing the localization of the zero-mode fermions in the extra dimension. In this setup the Higgs sector is localized near the infrared brane, whereas the Majorana mass term is localized at the ultraviolet brane. As a result, light neutrinos are almost entirely Majorana particles, whereas the fourth-generation neutrino is mostly a Dirac fermion. We show that it is possible to obtain heavy fourth-generation leptons in regions of parameter space where the light neutrino masses and mixings are compatible with observation. We study the impact of these bounds, as well as the ones from lepton flavor violation, on the phenomenology of these models.

  6. Electromagnetic properties of massive neutrinos

    SciTech Connect

    Dobrynina, A. A., E-mail: aleksandradobrynina@rambler.ru; Mikheev, N. V.; Narynskaya, E. N. [Demidov Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)] [Demidov Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-15

    The vertex function for a virtual massive neutrino is calculated in the limit of soft real photons. A method based on employing the neutrino self-energy operator in a weak external electromagnetic field in the approximation linear in the field is developed in order to render this calculation of the vertex function convenient. It is shown that the electric charge and the electric dipole moment of the real neutrino are zero; only the magnetic moment is nonzero for massive neutrinos. A fourth-generation heavy neutrino of mass not less than half of the Z-boson mass is considered as a massive neutrino.

  7. SU(3) Gauge Family Symmetry and Prediction for the Lepton-Flavor Mixing and Neutrino Masses with Maximal Spontaneous CP Violation

    E-print Network

    Yue-Liang Wu

    2012-07-12

    A model for the lepton-flavor mixing and CP violation is proposed based on the SU$_F$(3) gauge family symmetry and the Majorana feature of neutrinos. A consistent prediction for the lepton-flavor mixing and masses is shown to be resulted from the appropriate vacuum structure of SU$_F$(3) gauge symmetry breaking. By choosing the SU$_F$(3) gauge fixing condition to possess a residual $Z_2$ symmetry and requiring the vacuum structure of spontaneous symmetry breaking to have approximate global U(1) family symmetries, we obtain naturally the tri-bimaximal mixing matrix and largely degenerate neutrino masses in the neutrino sector and the small mixing matrix in the charged-lepton sector. With a simple ansatz that all the smallness due to the approximate global U(1) family symmetries is characterized by a single Wolfenstein parameter $\\lambda \\simeq 0.22$, and the charged-lepton mixing matrix has a similar hierarchy structure as the CKM quark mixing matrix, we arrive at a consistent prediction for the MNSP lepton-flavor mixing with a maximal spontaneous CP violation: $\\delta =\\pi/2$, $\\sin^2\\theta_{13} \\simeq 1/2\\lambda^2 \\simeq 0.024$ ($\\sin^22\\theta_{13} \\simeq 0.094$), $\\sin^2\\theta_{12} \\simeq 1/3{3}(1 - 2\\lambda^3) \\simeq 0.326$ and $\\sin^2\\theta_{23} \\simeq 1/2(1 - \\lambda^2) \\simeq 0.48$, which agree well with the current experimental data. The CP-violating Jarlskog-invariant is obtained to be $J_{CP} \\simeq 1/6\\lambda(1-\\lambda^2/2-\\lambda^3)\\sin\\delta \\simeq 0.035$, which is detectable in next generation neutrino experiment. The largely degenerate neutrino masses with the normal hierarchy and inverse hierarchy are discussed and found be at the order $m_{\

  8. A fourth polymorph in the family of BEDT-TTF salts with thiocyanatocuprate(I) anions: (BEDT-TTF){<_4}Cu{<_3}(NCS){<_5}.

    SciTech Connect

    Schlueter, J. A.; Geiser, U.; Wang, H. H.; Manson, J. L. (Materials Science Division); (Eastern Washington Univ.)

    2012-05-01

    A new crystallographic modification was found in the family of BEDT-TTF salts containing thiocyanatocuprate(I) anions. The cation radical salt crystallizes in the P{sup {bar 1}} space group with a = 8.2720(9) {angstrom}, b = 19.099(2) {angstrom}, c = 43.758(5) {angstrom}, {alpha} = 81.088(4){sup o}, {beta} = 87.253(4){sup o}, {gamma} = 83.790(4){sup o}, V = 6786.2(13) {angstrom}{sup 3} at 150 K. The BEDT-TTF radical cations pack in an {alpha}-type motif, but every four columns, there is a slip in the layer. Where this slip occurs, the stacks are coupled in a {beta}'' manner. The material exhibits semiconductive behavior with an activation energy of 0.13 eV above 250 K and 0.22 eV below. Packing motif of the (BEDT-TTF){sub 4}Cu{sub 3}(NCS){sub 5} structure.

  9. Neutrinos: Windows to New Physics

    E-print Network

    R. D. Peccei

    2006-09-20

    After briefly reviewing how the symmetries of the Standard Model (SM) are affected by neutrino masses and mixings, I discuss how these parameters may arise from GUTs and how patterns in the neutrino sector may reflect some underlying family symmetry. Leptogenesis provides a nice example of how different physical phenomena may be connected to the same neutrino window of physics beyond the SM. I end with some comments on the LSND signal and briefly discuss the idea that neutrinos have environment dependent masses.

  10. CALIFORNIA ENERGY FOURTH EDITION

    E-print Network

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION EXISTING RENEWABLE FACILITIES PROGRAM FOURTH EDITION GUIDEBOOK MARCH RENEWABLE ENERGY OFFICE Valerie Hall Deputy Director EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLES & DEMAND ANALYSIS DIVISION #12 to apply for and receive production incentives from the Existing Renewable Facilities element of the Energy

  11. Neutrino oscillations, neutrino masses and supersymmetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faessler, A.

    2002-07-01

    The neutrino mass matrix is constraint considering in a three-generation scenario, which includes or excludes LSND and considers the atmospheric neutrinos of Super-Kamiokande and the solar neutrino experiments. In this way one is able to construct the neutrino mass matrix, up to a mass scale and up to the Majorana neutrino CP eigenvalues. By using the expectation value of the electron neutrino mass obtained in the neutrinoless double beta decay, one can derive an upper limit of 2.53 [eV] for the sum of the masses of the three neutrinos. In a second part we use the R violating minimal supersymmetric model ( R-MSSM) to construct the neutrino mass matrix. The contributions on the tree level yield by mixing with the neutralinos (photino, zino, higgsino 1 and higgsino 2) a separable 3 · 3 mass matrix, which has two mass eigenvalues, which are zero and a third eigenvalue different from zero. This yields a hierachichal structure of two neutrinos with small masses and a third neutrino with a larger mass. If one includes the loop diagrams of quarks and SUSY quarks and of leptons and SUSY leptons one obtains for the three neutrinos a sum of tree separable matrices. Such a separable mass matrix of rank 3 has 9 independent parameters. One can fit five parameters from the neutrino oscillations: the three mixing angles of the matrix transforming the neutrinos from the mass eigenstates to the weak eigenstates and the two differences of the squared masses. One therefore has to reduce the nine free parameters of the mass matrix in the R-MSSM from nine to five. This is possible imposing a constraint on the cubic couplings employing an additional U(1) flavour symmetry. This approach has been very successful in studying the Yukawa couplings to fix the masses of the quarks and the non-neutrino leptons. In this way it is possible to reduce the R-parity violating coupling constants of the the R-MSSM from six to one. This reduces the free parameters of the neutrino mass matrix obtained in the SUSY model to four. We find in a three-family mixing scheme an averaged Majorana neutrino mass, which in principle can be obtained from the neutrinoless double beta decay, of | < m > | = 0.009 to 0.045[ eV]. These predictions can perhaps be tested by the next generation of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments.

  12. Proton stability from a fourth family

    E-print Network

    Christopher Smith

    2012-02-06

    The possibility to violate baryon or lepton number without introducing any new flavor structures, beyond those needed to account for the known fermion masses and mixings, is analyzed. With four generations, but only three colors, this minimality requirement is shown to lead to baryon number conservation, up to negligible dimension-18 operators. In a supersymmetric context, this same minimality principle allows only superpotential terms with an even number of flavored superfields, hence effectively enforces R-parity both within the MSSM and in a GUT context.

  13. Fourth Generation Bound States

    E-print Network

    Koji Ishiwata; Mark B. Wise

    2011-05-25

    We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of {\\bar q}'q' bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q') that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, \\lambda_{q'}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order \\lambda_{q'}^2N_c/16\\pi^2 where N_c is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c)^2. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.

  14. Fourth generation computer languages

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, B.

    1989-01-01

    The role of Fourth Generation Languages (4GL) has changed dramatically during the last five years. The 4GLs were initially limited to end-user needs in a homogeneous environment. Now their intent is to work in heterogeneous environments and far surpass traditional end-user roles.

  15. Fourth Graders Solving Equations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brizuela, Barbara M.; Schliemann, Analucia D.

    2003-01-01

    We explore how fourth grade (9 to 10 year olds) students can come to understand and use the syntactic rules of algebra on the basis of their understanding about how quantities are interrelated. Our classroom data comes from a longitudinal study with students who participated in weekly Early Algebra activities from grades 2 through 4. We describe…

  16. Neutrino Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergström, L.; Hulth, P. O.; Botner, O.; Carlson, P.; Ohlsson, T.

    2006-03-01

    J. N. Bahcall (1934-2005) -- Preface -- List of participants -- Committees -- Nobel symposium on neutrino physics - program -- The history of neutrino oscillations / S. M. Bilenky -- Super-Kamiokande results on neutrino oscillations / Y. Suzuki -- Sudbury neutrino observatory results / A. B. McDonald -- Results from KamLAND reactor neutrino detection / A. Suzuki -- New opportunities for surprise / J. Conrad -- Solar models and solar neutrinos / J. N. Bahcall -- Atmospheric neutrino fluxes / T. K. Gaisser -- The MSW effect and matter effects in neutrino oscillations / A. Yu. Smirnov -- Three-flavour effects and CP- and T-violation in neutrino oscillations / E. Kh. Akhmedov -- Global analysis of neutrino data / M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia -- Future precision neutrino oscillation experiments and theoretical implications / M. Lindner -- Experimental prospects of neutrinoless double beta decay / E. Fiorini -- Theoretical prospects of neutrinoless double beta decay / S. T. Petcov -- Supernova neutrino oscillations / G. G. Raffelt -- High-energy neutrino astronomy / F. Halzen -- Neutrino astrophysics in the cold: Amanda, Baikal and IceCube / C. Spiering -- Status of radio and acoustic detection of ultra-high energy cosmic neutrinos and a proposal on reporting results / D. Saltzberg -- Detection of neutrino-induced air showers / A. A. Watson -- Prospect for relic neutrino searches / G. B. Gelmini -- Leptogenesis in the early universe / T. Yanagida -- Neutrinos and big bang nucleosynthesis / G. Steigman -- Extra galactic sources of high energy neutrinos / E. Waxman -- Cosmological neutrino bounds for non-cosmologists / M. Tegmark -- Neutrino intrinsic properties: the neutrino-antineutrino relation / B. Kayser -- NuTeV and neutrino properties / M. H. Shaevitz -- Absolute masses of neutrinos - experimental results and future possibilities / C. Weinheimer -- Flavor theories and neutrino masses / P. Ramond -- Neutrino mass models and leptogenesis / S. F. King -- Neutrino mass and grand unification / R. N. Mohapatra.

  17. Cosmic Neutrinos

    SciTech Connect

    Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab /CERN

    2008-02-01

    I recall the place of neutrinos in the electroweak theory and summarize what we know about neutrino mass and flavor change. I next review the essential characteristics expected for relic neutrinos and survey what we can say about the neutrino contribution to the dark matter of the Universe. Then I discuss the standard-model interactions of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos, paying attention to the consequences of neutrino oscillations, and illustrate a few topics of interest to neutrino observatories. I conclude with short comments on the remote possibility of detecting relic neutrinos through annihilations of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos at the Z resonance.

  18. Fourth generation bound states

    SciTech Connect

    Ishiwata, Koji; Wise, Mark B. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, 91125 (United States)

    2011-04-01

    We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of q{sup '}q{sup '} bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q{sup '}) that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, {lambda}{sub q}{sup '}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order {lambda}{sub q}{sup '2}N{sub c}/16{pi}{sup 2} where N{sub c} is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c){sup 2}. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.

  19. Neutrino physics

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    2000-01-31

    In the present lectures the following topics are considered: general properties of neutrinos, neutrino mass phenomenology (Dirac and Majorana masses), neutrino masses in the simplest extensions of the standard model (including the seesaw mechanism), neutrino oscillations in vacuum, neutrino oscillations in matter (the MSW effect) in 2- and 3-flavour schemes, implications of CP, T and CPT symmetries for neutrino oscillations, double beta decay, solar neutrino oscillations and the solar neutrino problem, and atmospheric neutrinos. We also give a short overview of the results of the accelerator and reactor neutrino experiments and of future projects. Finally, we discuss how the available experimental data on neutrino masses and lepton mixing can be summarized in the phenomenologically allowed forms of the neutrino mass matrix.

  20. Neutrino masses from new generations

    E-print Network

    Aparici, Alberto; Rius, Nuria; Santamaria, Arcadi

    2011-01-01

    We reconsider the possibility that Majorana masses for the three known neutrinos are generated radiatively by the presence of a fourth generation and one right-handed neutrino with Yukawa couplings and a Majorana mass term. We find that the observed light neutrino mass hierarchy is not compatible with low energy universality bounds in this minimal scenario, but all present data can be accommodated with five generations and two right-handed neutrinos. Within this framework, we explore the parameter space regions which are currently allowed and could lead to observable effects in neutrinoless double beta decay, $\\mu - e$ conversion in nuclei and $\\mu \\rightarrow e \\gamma$ experiments. We also discuss the detection prospects at LHC.

  1. Search for fourth generation neutral heavy leptons

    SciTech Connect

    Abachi, S.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M. [and others; D0 Collaboration

    1995-07-01

    A search for fourth generation neutral heavy leptons ({nu}{sub 4}) in W decays was carried out the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron at {radical}{bar s} = 1.8 TeV. The {nu}{sub 4} is assumed to be produced via mixing with the first generation neutrino only. We looked for a three electron final state event topology. The data used in this analysis represent 12.2 pb{sup {minus}1} taken during the 1992--1993 run. No candidates were found. We set a preliminary limit beyond the LEP limit for the considered mixing case on the {vert_bar}U{sub e4}{vert_bar}{sup 2} {minus} m{sub {nu}4} plane.

  2. Neutrino oscillations

    SciTech Connect

    Simkovic, Fedor [Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, Mlynska dolina, SK-84248 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2007-11-26

    The field of neutrino oscillations is introduced. The basic elements of the theory of neutrino oscillations in vacuum and matter are presented. The history, current status of neutrino oscillations as well as the prospects for the next generation of neutrino experiments are briefly reviewed.

  3. Neutrino physics

    SciTech Connect

    Harris, Deborah A.; /Fermilab

    2008-09-01

    The field of neutrino physics has expanded greatly in recent years with the discovery that neutrinos change flavor and therefore have mass. Although there are many neutrino physics results since the last DIS workshop, these proceedings concentrate on recent neutrino physics results that either add to or depend on the understanding of Deep Inelastic Scattering. They also describe the short and longer term future of neutrino DIS experiments.

  4. Neutrino unification.

    PubMed

    Chankowski, P H; Ioannisian, A N; Pokorski, S; Valle, J W

    2001-04-16

    Present neutrino data are consistent with neutrino masses arising from a common seed at some "neutrino unification" scale M(X). Such a simple theoretical ansatz naturally leads to quasidegenerate neutrinos that could lie in the electron-volt range with neutrino mass splittings induced by renormalization effects associated with supersymmetric thresholds. In such a scheme the leptonic analog of the Cabibbo angle straight theta(middle dot in circle) describing solar neutrino oscillations is nearly maximal. Its exact value is correlated with the smallness of straight theta(reactor). The two leading mass-eigenstate neutrinos present in nu(e) form a pseudo-Dirac neutrino, avoiding conflict with neutrinoless double beta decay. PMID:11328005

  5. Neutrino physics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Dydak

    2004-01-01

    Neutrino physics has a glorious past at CERN. It entered the scene with the groundbreaking discovery of neutral currents in 1973, and made essential contributions, until 1984, toward establishing the rule of the Standard Model. Nature's choice of neutrino oscillation parameters was not favourable to CERN experiments carried out in the subsequent phase, until 1998. However, the new neutrino beam

  6. Neutrino Telescopes

    SciTech Connect

    Hernandez-Rey, Juan Jose [IFIC - Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, C.S.I.C. - Universitat de Valencia, E-46071, Valencia (Spain)

    2006-11-28

    We review the present status of high energy neutrino astronomy. The advantages of neutrinos as extra-terrestrial messengers are recalled and their possible extra-terrestrial sources examined. We review as well the status of present and future neutrino telescopes and summarize the results obtained so far in this field.

  7. Neutrino Radar

    E-print Network

    P. Panigrahi; U. Sarkar

    2002-09-05

    We point out that with improving our present knowledge of experimental neutrino physics it will be possible to locate nuclear powered vehicles like submarines, aircraft carriers and UFOs and detect nuclear testing. Since neutrinos cannot be shielded, it will not be possible to escape these detection. In these detectors it will also be possible to perform neutrino oscillation experiments during any nuclear testing.

  8. Search for Majorana neutrinos in B- ? ?+ ?- ?- decays.

    PubMed

    Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Andreotti, M; Andrews, J E; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Baalouch, M; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Badalov, A; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Batozskaya, V; Bauer, T; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M-O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Borsato, M; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Bursche, A; Busetto, G; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Calabrese, R; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Campora Perez, D; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Castillo Garcia, L; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, C; Cenci, R; Charles, M; Charpentier, P; Cheung, S-F; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Counts, I; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D C; Cruz Torres, M; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; Dalseno, J; David, P; David, P N Y; Davis, A; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Déléage, N; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dijkstra, H; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dorigo, M; Dorosz, P; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Durante, P; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, C; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fiore, M; Fiorini, M; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, P; Gianelle, A; Gibson, V; Giubega, L; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Griffith, P; Grillo, L; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Y; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Hafkenscheid, T W; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hamilton, B; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Hartmann, T; He, J; Head, T; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Heß, M; Hicheur, A; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jawahery, A; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Joram, C; Jost, B; Jurik, N; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Kanso, W; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kenyon, I R; Ketel, T; Khanji, B; Khurewathanakul, C; Klaver, S; Kochebina, O; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kurek, K; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J-P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leo, S; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Lionetto, F; Liu, B; Liu, G; Lohn, S; Longstaff, I; Lopes, J H; Lopez-March, N; Lowdon, P; Lu, H; Lucchesi, D; Luisier, J; Luo, H; Luppi, E; Lupton, O; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Manzali, M; Maratas, J; Marconi, U; Marino, P; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martins Tostes, D; Massafferri, A; Matev, R; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Mazurov, A; McCann, M; McCarthy, J; McNab, A; McNulty, R; McSkelly, B; Meadows, B; Meier, F; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Milanes, D A; Minard, M-N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morandin, M

    2014-04-01

    A search for heavy Majorana neutrinos produced in the B- ? ?+ ?- ?- decay mode is performed using 3??fb(-1) of integrated luminosity collected with the LHCb detector in pp collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV at the LHC. Neutrinos with masses in the range 250 to 5000 MeV and lifetimes from zero to 1000 ps are probed. In the absence of a signal, upper limits are set on the branching fraction B(B- ? ?+ ?- ?-) as functions of neutrino mass and lifetime. These limits are on the order of 10(-9) for short neutrino lifetimes of 1 ps or less. Limits are also set on the coupling between the muon and a possible fourth-generation neutrino. PMID:24745405

  9. GUT implications from neutrino mass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albright, Carl H.

    2003-05-01

    An overview is given of the experimental neutrino mixing results and types of neutrino models proposed, with special attention to the general features of various GUT models involving intra-family symmetries and horizontal flavor symmetries. Many of the features are then illustrated by a specific SO(10) SUSY GUT model formulated by Barr and the author which can explain all four types of solar neutrino mixing solutions by various choices of the right-handed Majorana mass matrix. The quantitative nature of the model's large mixing angle solution is used to compare the reaches of a neutrino super-beam and a neutrino factory for determining the small Ue3 mixing matrix element.

  10. Fourth Light at Paranal!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-09-01

    VLT YEPUN Joins ANTU, KUEYEN and MELIPAL It was a historical moment last night (September 3 - 4, 2000) in the VLT Control Room at the Paranal Observatory , after nearly 15 years of hard work. Finally, four teams of astronomers and engineers were sitting at the terminals - and each team with access to an 8.2-m telescope! From now on, the powerful "Paranal Quartet" will be observing night after night, with a combined mirror surface of more than 210 m 2. And beginning next year, some of them will be linked to form part of the unique VLT Interferometer with unparalleled sensitivity and image sharpness. YEPUN "First Light" Early in the evening, the fourth 8.2-m Unit Telescope, YEPUN , was pointed to the sky for the first time and successfully achieved "First Light". Following a few technical exposures, a series of "first light" photos was made of several astronomical objects with the VLT Test Camera. This instrument was also used for the three previous "First Light" events for ANTU ( May 1998 ), KUEYEN ( March 1999 ) and MELIPAL ( January 2000 ). These images served to evaluate provisionally the performance of the new telescope, mainly in terms of mechanical and optical quality. The ESO staff were very pleased with the results and pronounced YEPUN fit for the subsequent commissioning phase. When the name YEPUN was first given to the fourth VLT Unit Telescope, it was supposed to mean "Sirius" in the Mapuche language. However, doubts have since arisen about this translation and a detailed investigation now indicates that the correct meaning is "Venus" (as the Evening Star). For a detailed explanation, please consult the essay On the Meaning of "YEPUN" , now available at the ESO website. The first images At 21:39 hrs local time (01:39 UT), YEPUN was turned to point in the direction of a dense Milky Way field, near the border between the constellations Sagitta (The Arrow) and Aquila (The Eagle). A guide star was acquired and the active optics system quickly optimized the mirror system. At 21:44 hrs (01:44 UT), the Test Camera at the Cassegrain focus within the M1 mirror cell was opened for 30 seconds, with the planetary nebula Hen 2-428 in the field. The resulting "First Light" image was immediately read out and appeared on the computer screen at 21:45:53 hrs (01:45:53 UT). "Not bad! - "Very nice!" were the first, "business-as-usual"-like comments in the room. The zenith distance during this observation was 44° and the image quality was measured as 0.9 arcsec, exactly the same as that registered by the Seeing Monitoring Telescope outside the telescope building. There was some wind. ESO PR Photo 22a/00 ESO PR Photo 22a/00 [Preview - JPEG: 374 x 400 pix - 128k] [Normal - JPEG: 978 x 1046 pix - 728k] Caption : ESO PR Photo 22a/00 shows a colour composite of some of the first astronomical exposures obtained by YEPUN . The object is the planetary nebula Hen 2-428 that is located at a distance of 6,000-8,000 light-years and seen in a dense sky field, only 2° from the main plane of the Milky Way. As other planetary nebulae, it is caused by a dying star (the bluish object at the centre) that shreds its outer layers. The image is based on exposures through three optical filtres: B(lue) (10 min exposure, seeing 0.9 arcsec; here rendered as blue), V(isual) (5 min; 0.9 arcsec; green) and R(ed) (3 min; 0.9 arcsec; red). The field measures 88 x 78 arcsec 2 (1 pixel = 0.09 arcsec). North is to the lower right and East is to the lower left. The 5-day old Moon was about 90° away in the sky that was accordingly bright. The zenith angle was 44°. The ESO staff then proceeded to take a series of three photos with longer exposures through three different optical filtres. They have been combined to produce the image shown in ESO PR Photo 22a/00 . More astronomical images were obtained in sequence, first of the dwarf galaxy NGC 6822 in the Local Group (see PR Photo 22f/00 below) and then of the spiral galaxy NGC 7793 . All 8.2-m telesco

  11. Neutrino factory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bogomilov, M.; Matev, R.; Tsenov, R.; Dracos, M.; Bonesini, M.; Palladino, V.; Tortora, L.; Mori, Y.; Planche, T.; Lagrange, J. B.; Kuno, Y.; Benedetto, E.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Garoby, R.; Gilardoini, S.; Martini, M.; Wildner, E.; Prior, G.; Blondel, A.; Karadzhow, Y.; Ellis, M.; Kyberd, P.; Bayes, R.; Laing, A.; Soler, F. J. P.; Alekou, A.; Apollonio, M.; Aslaninejad, M.; Bontoiu, C.; Jenner, L. J.; Kurup, A.; Long, K.; Pasternak, J.; Zarrebini, A.; Poslimski, J.; Blackmore, V.; Cobb, J.; Tunnell, C.; Andreopoulos, C.; Bennett, J. R. J.; Brooks, S.; Caretta, O.; Davenne, T.; Densham, C.; Edgecock, T. R.; Fitton, M.; Kelliher, D.; Loveridge, P.; McFarland, A.; Machida, S.; Prior, C.; Rees, G.; Rogers, C.; Rooney, M.; Thomason, J.; Wilcox, D.; Booth, C.; Skoro, G.; Back, J. J.; Harrison, P.; Berg, J. S.; Fernow, R.; Gallardo, J. C.; Gupta, R.; Kirk, H.; Simos, N.; Stratakis, D.; Souchlas, N.; Witte, H.; Bross, A.; Geer, S.; Johnstone, C.; Makhov, N.; Neuffer, D.; Popovic, M.; Strait, J.; Striganov, S.; Morfín, J. G.; Wands, R.; Snopok, P.; Bagacz, S. A.; Morozov, V.; Roblin, Y.; Cline, D.; Ding, X.; Bromberg, C.; Hart, T.; Abrams, R. J.; Ankenbrandt, C. M.; Beard, K. B.; Cummings, M. A. C.; Flanagan, G.; Johnson, R. P.; Roberts, T. J.; Yoshikawa, C. Y.; Graves, V. B.; McDonald, K. T.; Coney, L.; Hanson, G.

    2014-12-01

    The properties of the neutrino provide a unique window on physics beyond that described by the standard model. The study of subleading effects in neutrino oscillations, and the race to discover CP-invariance violation in the lepton sector, has begun with the recent discovery that ?13>0 . The measured value of ?13 is large, emphasizing the need for a facility at which the systematic uncertainties can be reduced to the percent level. The neutrino factory, in which intense neutrino beams are produced from the decay of muons, has been shown to outperform all realistic alternatives and to be capable of making measurements of the requisite precision. Its unique discovery potential arises from the fact that only at the neutrino factory is it practical to produce high-energy electron (anti)neutrino beams of the required intensity. This paper presents the conceptual design of the neutrino factory accelerator facility developed by the European Commission Framework Programme 7 EURO ? Design Study consortium. EURO ? coordinated the European contributions to the International Design Study for the Neutrino Factory (the IDS-NF) collaboration. The EURO ? baseline accelerator facility will provide 1 021 muon decays per year from 12.6 GeV stored muon beams serving a single neutrino detector situated at a source-detector distance of between 1 500 km and 2 500 km. A suite of near detectors will allow definitive neutrino-scattering experiments to be performed.

  12. Reactors antineutrino anomalies and searches for sterile neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cribier, M.

    2015-04-01

    Over the last 20 years a standard neutrino oscillation framework associated with small splitting between the neutrino mass states have become well established. Beyond this model, anomalies have been observed at short baseline in reactor, accelerator and gallium experiments. This suggests the existence of a fourth massive neutrino, affecting experiments through oscillation with active flavours with ?m2 above 0.1 eV2. To definitively test this ?m2 region, several experiments on reactors or using neutrino or antineutrino sources are in preparation.

  13. Neutrino Oscillometry

    E-print Network

    J. D. Vergados; Y. Giomataris; Yu. N. Novikov

    2010-10-21

    Neutrino oscillations are studied employing sources of low energy monoenergetic neutrinos following electron capture by the nucleus and measuring electron recoils. Since the neutrino energy is very low the oscillation length appearing in this electronic neutrino disappearance experiment can be so small that the full oscillation can take place inside the detector. Thus one may determine very accurately all the neutrino oscillation parameters. In particular one can measure or set a better limit on the unknown parameter theta13. One, however, has to pay the price that the expected counting rates are very small. Thus one needs a very intensive neutrino source and a large detector with as low as possible energy threshold and high energy and position resolution. Both spherical gaseous and cylindrical liquid detectors are studied. Different source candidates are considered

  14. Atmospheric neutrinos and discovery of neutrino oscillations.

    PubMed

    Kajita, Takaaki

    2010-01-01

    Neutrino oscillation was discovered through studies of neutrinos produced by cosmic-ray interactions in the atmosphere. These neutrinos are called atmospheric neutrinos. They are produced as decay products in hadronic showers resulting from collisions of cosmic rays with nuclei in the atmosphere. Electron-neutrinos and muon-neutrinos are produced mainly by the decay chain of charged pions to muons to electrons. Atmospheric neutrino experiments observed zenith-angle and energy dependent deficit of muon-neutrino events. Neutrino oscillations between muon-neutrinos and tau-neutrinos explain these data well. Neutrino oscillations imply that neutrinos have small but non-zero masses. The small neutrino masses have profound implications to our understanding of elementary particle physics and the Universe. This article discusses the experimental discovery of neutrino oscillations. PMID:20431258

  15. Sealing the fate of a fourth generation of fermions

    E-print Network

    Abdelhak Djouadi; Alexander Lenz

    2012-07-04

    The search for the effects of heavy fermions in the extension of the Standard Model with a fourth generation is part of the experimental program of the Tevatron and LHC experiments. Besides being directly produced, these states affect drastically the production and decay properties of the Higgs boson. In this note, we first reemphasize the known fact that in the case of a light and long-lived fourth neutrino, the present collider searches do not permit to exclude a Higgs boson with a mass below the WW threshold. In a second step, we show that the recent results from the ATLAS and CMS collaborations which observe an excess in the $\\gamma \\gamma$ and $4\\ell^\\pm$ search channels corresponding to a Higgs boson with a mass $M_H \\approx 125$ GeV, cannot rule out the fourth generation possibility if the $H \\to \\gamma \\gamma$ decay rate is evaluated when naively implementing the leading ${\\cal O}(G_F m_{f'}^2)$ electroweak corrections. Including the exact next-to-leading order electroweak corrections leads to a strong suppression of the $H \\to \\gamma \\gamma$ rate and makes this channel unobservable with present data. Finally, we point out that the observation by the Tevatron collaborations of a $\\gsim 2\\sigma$ excess in the mass range $M_H = 115$-135 GeV in the channel $q\\bar q \\to WH \\to Wb\\bar b$ can definitely not be accommodated by the fourth generation fermion scenario. All in all, if the excesses observed at the LHC and the Tevatron are indeed due to a Higgs boson, they unambiguously exclude the perturbative fermionic fourth generation case. In passing, we also point out that the Tevatron excess definitely rules out the fermiophobic Higgs scenario as well as scenarios in which the Higgs couplings to gauge bosons and bottom quarks are significantly reduced.

  16. Nonstandard neutrino-neutrino refractive effects in dense neutrino gases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blennow, Mattias; Mirizzi, Alessandro; Serpico, Pasquale D.

    2008-12-01

    We investigate the effects of nonstandard four-fermion neutrino-neutrino interactions on the flavor evolution of dense neutrino gases. We find that in the regions where the neutrino-neutrino refractive index leads to collective flavor oscillations, the presence of new neutrino interactions can produce flavor equilibration in both normal and inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. In realistic supernova environments, these effects are significant if the nonstandard neutrino-neutrino interaction strength is comparable to the one expected in the standard case, dominating the ordinary matter potential. However, very small nonstandard neutrino-neutrino couplings are enough to trigger the usual collective neutrino flavor transformations in the inverted neutrino mass hierarchy, even if the mixing angle vanishes exactly.

  17. Neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect

    Bowles, T.J.

    1993-04-01

    Neutrinos play a dominant role in both particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. In the our present understanding of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces, the group structure of the Standard Model is SU(3){sub C} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} U(I){sub EM}. In the Weinberg-Salam-Glashow Standard Electroweak Model, left-handed neutrinos sit in a doublet, while right-handed neutrinos are in a singlet, and therefore do not interact with the other known particles. Also in this model, the neutrinos are intrinsically massless. However, while the W-S-G model provides an amazingly accurate picture of our present cold Universe, It has a number of deficits. The Standard Model does not explain the origin of the group structure, It does not reduce the number of coupling constants required, nor does it offer any prediction for the physical masses of the particles. Thus, it is generally assumed that the Standard Model is but a subset of some larger gauge theory. A wide variety of Grand Unified field Theories (GUTs), Super Symmetric Models (SUSY), and Superstring models have been proposed as the model for this larger structure. In general, these models predict nonzero neutrino masses and contain mechanisms that provide for lepton-number violation. Thus, a variety of new phenomena are predicted, including finite neutrino masses and the possibility that neutrinos can oscillate from one type to another. This report looks at the possibility of detecting neutrino vat mass.

  18. Neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect

    Bowles, T.J.

    1993-01-01

    Neutrinos play a dominant role in both particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. In the our present understanding of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces, the group structure of the Standard Model is SU(3)[sub C] [circle times] SU(2)[sub L] [circle times] U(I)[sub EM]. In the Weinberg-Salam-Glashow Standard Electroweak Model, left-handed neutrinos sit in a doublet, while right-handed neutrinos are in a singlet, and therefore do not interact with the other known particles. Also in this model, the neutrinos are intrinsically massless. However, while the W-S-G model provides an amazingly accurate picture of our present cold Universe, It has a number of deficits. The Standard Model does not explain the origin of the group structure, It does not reduce the number of coupling constants required, nor does it offer any prediction for the physical masses of the particles. Thus, it is generally assumed that the Standard Model is but a subset of some larger gauge theory. A wide variety of Grand Unified field Theories (GUTs), Super Symmetric Models (SUSY), and Superstring models have been proposed as the model for this larger structure. In general, these models predict nonzero neutrino masses and contain mechanisms that provide for lepton-number violation. Thus, a variety of new phenomena are predicted, including finite neutrino masses and the possibility that neutrinos can oscillate from one type to another. This report looks at the possibility of detecting neutrino vat mass.

  19. Neutrino Telescopes

    SciTech Connect

    Carr, John [Centre de Physiques des Particules de Marseille, IN2P3/CNRS (France)

    2005-02-21

    Neutrino telescopes complement gamma ray telescopes in the observations of energetic astronomical sources as well as in searching for the dark matter. This paper gives the status of the current generation neutrino telescopes projects: Baikal, AMANDA, NESTOR, NEMO and ANTARES with particular emphasis on the ANTARES telescope in the Mediterranean Sea.

  20. Neutrino telescopes

    SciTech Connect

    Costantini, H., E-mail: costant@cppm.in2p3.fr [CPPM, Aix-Marseille Universite, CNRS/IN2P3 (France)

    2012-09-15

    Neutrino astrophysics offers a new possibility to observe our Universe: high-energy neutrinos, produced by the most energetic phenomena in our Galaxy and in the Universe, carry complementary (if not exclusive) information about the cosmos: this young discipline extends in fact the conventional astronomy beyond the usual electromagnetic probe. The weak interaction of neutrinos with matter allows them to escape from the core of astrophysical objects and in this sense they represent a complementary messenger with respect to photons. However, their detection on Earth due to the small interaction cross section requires a large target mass. The aim of this article is to review the scientific motivations of the high-energy neutrino astrophysics, the detection principles together with the description of a running apparatus, the experiment ANTARES, the performance of this detector with some results, and the presentation of other neutrino telescope projects.

  1. Understanding the Fourth-Grade Slump: Our Point of View

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Sanacore; Anthony Palumbo

    2008-01-01

    Educators know that an achievement gap exists between students of low-income and middle-income families, a gap that is especially evident in fourth grade and beyond. This essay explores issues related to this gap, including primary-level children being immersed in narrative text and, therefore, unprepared for the challenges of informational text and content-specific vocabulary; lack of available material children are interested

  2. Is cosmology compatible with sterile neutrinos?

    SciTech Connect

    Dodelson, Scott; /Fermilab; Melchiorri, Alessandro; /Rome U. /INFN, Rome; Slosar, Anze; /Ljubljana U.

    2005-11-01

    By combining data from cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments (including the recent BOOMERANG-2K2 results), large scale structure (LSS) and Lyman-{alpha} forest observations, we constrain the hypothesis of a fourth, sterile, massive neutrino. For the 3 massless + 1 massive neutrino case we bound the mass of the sterile neutrino to m{sub s} < 0.55eV at 95% c.l.. These results exclude at high significance the sterile neutrino hypothesis as an explanation of the LSND anomaly. We then generalize the analysis to account for active neutrino masses (which tightens the limit to m{sub s} < 0.51eV) and the possibility that the sterile abundance is not thermal. In the latter case, the constraints in the (mass, density) plane are non-trivial. For a mass of > 1eV or < 0.05eV the cosmological energy density in sterile neutrinos is always constrained to be {omega}{sub {nu}} < 0.005 at 95% c.l.. However, for a sterile neutrino mass of {approx} 0.25 eV, {omega}{sub {nu}} can be as large as 0.015.

  3. Fourth-generation storage rings

    SciTech Connect

    Galayda, J. N.

    1999-11-16

    It seems clear that a linac-driven free-electron laser is the accepted prototype of a fourth-generation facility. This raises two questions: can a storage ring-based light source join the fourth generation? Has the storage ring evolved to its highest level of performance as a synchrotrons light source? The answer to the second question is clearly no. The author thinks the answer to the first question is unimportant. While the concept of generations has been useful in motivating thought and effort towards new light source concepts, the variety of light sources and their performance characteristics can no longer be usefully summed up by assignment of a ''generation'' number.

  4. Fourth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sacksteder, Kurt R. (Compiler)

    1997-01-01

    This Conference Publication contains 84 papers presented at the Fourth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop held in Cleveland, Ohio, from May 19 to 21, 1997. The purpose of the workshop was twofold: to exchange information about the progress and promise of combustion science in microgravity and to provide a forum to discuss which areas in microgravity combustion science need to be expanded profitably and which should be included in upcoming NASA Research Announcements (NRA).

  5. Fourth Aircraft Interior Noise Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stephens, David G. (compiler)

    1992-01-01

    The fourth in a series of NASA/SAE Interior Noise Workshops was held on May 19 and 20, 1992. The theme of the workshop was new technology and applications for aircraft noise with emphasis on source noise prediction; cabin noise prediction; cabin noise control, including active and passive methods; and cabin interior noise procedures. This report is a compilation of the presentations made at the meeting which addressed the above issues.

  6. Solar neutrinos and neutrino astronomy. AIP conference proceedings No. 126

    SciTech Connect

    Cherry, M.L.; Fowler, W.A.; Lande, K. (eds.)

    1985-01-01

    Topics covered include: present Homestake Laboratory scientific programs; understanding solar neutrino emission; new radiochemical solar neutrino experiments; other solar neutrino detectors; and neutrino astronomy. (GHT)

  7. Fourth-order 2N-storage Runge-Kutta schemes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carpenter, Mark H.; Kennedy, Christopher A.

    1994-01-01

    A family of five-stage fourth-order Runge-Kutta schemes is derived; these schemes required only two storage locations. A particular scheme is identified that has desirable efficiency characteristics for hyperbolic and parabolic initial (boundary) value problems. This scheme is competitive with the classical fourth-order method (high-storage) and is considerably more efficient and accurate than existing third-order low-storage schemes.

  8. Solar Neutrinos and the Decaying Neutrino Hypothesis

    E-print Network

    Jeffrey M. Berryman; Andre de Gouvea; Daniel Hernandez

    2014-11-02

    We explore, mostly using data from solar neutrino experiments, the hypothesis that the neutrino mass eigenstates are unstable. We find that, by combining $^8$B solar neutrino data with those on $^7$Be and lower-energy solar neutrinos, one obtains a mostly model-independent bound on both the $\

  9. Solar Neutrinos

    E-print Network

    R. G. H. Robertson

    2006-02-05

    Experimental work with solar neutrinos has illuminated the properties of neutrinos and tested models of how the sun produces its energy. Three experiments continue to take data, and at least seven are in various stages of planning or construction. In this review, the current experimental status is summarized, and future directions explored with a focus on the effects of a non-zero theta-13 and the interesting possibility of directly testing the luminosity constraint. Such a confrontation at the few-percent level would provide a prediction of the solar irradiance tens of thousands of years in the future for comparison with the present-day irradiance. A model-independent analysis of existing low-energy data shows good agreement between the neutrino and electromagnetic luminosities at the +/- 20 % level.

  10. Neutrino masses, neutrino oscillations, and cosmological implications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stecker, F. W.

    1982-01-01

    Theoretical concepts and motivations for considering neutrinos having finite masses are discussed and the experimental situation on searches for neutrino masses and oscillations is summarized. The solar neutrino problem, reactor, deep mine and accelerator data, tri decay experiments and double beta-decay data are considered and cosmological implications and astrophysical data relating to neutrino masses are reviewed. The neutrino oscillation solution to the solar neutrino problem, the missing mass problem in galaxy halos and galaxy cluster galaxy formation and clustering, and radiative neutrino decay and the cosmic ultraviolet background radiation are examined.

  11. The arrestin superfamily: cone arrestins are a fourth family

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheryl M. Craft; Donald H. Whitmore

    1995-01-01

    Arrestins constitute a superfamily of regulatory proteins that down-regulate phosphorylated G-protein membrane receptors, including rod and cone photoreceptors and adrenergic receptors. The potential role of arrestin in color visual processes led us to identify a cDNA encoding a cone-like arrestin in Xenopus laevis, the principle amphibian biological model system. Alignment of 18 deduced amino acid sequences of all known arrestins

  12. Neutrino magnetic moment

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, D. (Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (USA). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Senjanovic, G. (Zagreb Univ. (Yugoslavia). Dept. of Theoretical Physics)

    1990-01-01

    We review attempts to achieve a large neutrino magnetic moment ({mu}{sub {nu}} {le} 10{sup {minus}11}{mu}{sub B}), while keeping neutrino light or massless. The application to the solar neutrino puzzle is discussed. 24 refs.

  13. Electromagnetic properties of neutrinos

    E-print Network

    Carlo Giunti; Alexander Studenikin

    2010-06-08

    A short review on electromagnetic properties of neutrinos is presented. In spite of many efforts in the theoretical and experimental studies of neutrino electromagnetic properties, they still remain one of the main puzzles related to neutrinos.

  14. Pseudo-Dirac Neutrino Scenario: Cosmic Neutrinos at Neutrino Telescopes

    E-print Network

    Arman Esmaili

    2009-09-29

    Within the "pseudo-Dirac" scenario for massive neutrinos the existence of sterile neutrinos which are almost degenerate in mass with the active ones is hypothesized. The presence of these sterile neutrinos can affect the flavor composition of cosmic neutrinos arriving at Earth after traveling large distances from astrophysical objects. We examine the prospects of neutrino telescopes such as IceCube to probe the very tiny mass squared differences 10^(-12) eV^2pseudo-Dirac neutrino scenario and especially to discriminate it from the conventional scenario with no sterile neutrino. We also discuss the robustness of our results with respect to the uncertainties in the initial flavor ratio of neutrinos at the source.

  15. Neutrino Mass and Flavour Models

    SciTech Connect

    King, Stephen F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)

    2010-02-10

    We survey some of the recent promising developments in the search for the theory behind neutrino mass and tri-bimaximal mixing, and indeed all fermion masses and mixing. We focus in particular on models with discrete family symmetry and unification, and show how such models can also solve the SUSY flavour and CP problems. We also discuss the theoretical implications of the measurement of a non-zero reactor angle, as hinted at by recent experimental measurements.

  16. Academic Skills Problems. Fourth Edition Workbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Edward S.

    2010-01-01

    An ideal companion to "Academic Skills Problems, Fourth Edition", this indispensable workbook provides practice exercises and reproducible forms for use in direct assessment and intervention. Updated to reflect the changes in the fourth edition of the text, the workbook includes teacher and student interview forms, a complete guide to using the…

  17. Fourth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for fourth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, fourth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  18. NEUTRINO FACTORIES - PHYSICS POTENTIALS.

    SciTech Connect

    PARSA,Z.

    2001-02-16

    The recent results from Super-Kamiokande atmospheric and solar neutrino observations opens a new era in neutrino physics and has sparked a considerable interest in the physics possibilities with a Neutrino Factory based on the muon storage ring. We present physics opportunities at a Neutrino Factory, and prospects of Neutrino oscillation experiments. Using the precisely known flavor composition of the beam, one could envision an extensive program to measure the neutrino oscillation mixing matrix, including possible CP violating effects. These and Neutrino Interaction Rates for examples of a Neutrino Factory at BNL (and FNAL) with detectors at Gran Sasso, SLAC and Sudan are also presented.

  19. Neutrinos: Theory and Phenomenology

    SciTech Connect

    Parke, Stephen

    2013-10-22

    The theory and phenomenology of neutrinos will be addressed, especially that relating to the observation of neutrino flavor transformations. The current status and implications for future experiments will be discussed with special emphasis on the experiments that will determine the neutrino mass ordering, the dominant flavor content of the neutrino mass eigenstate with the smallest electron neutrino content and the size of CP violation in the neutrino sector. Beyond the neutrino Standard Model, the evidence for and a possible definitive experiment to confirm or refute the existence of light sterile neutrinos will be briefly discussed.

  20. Family Policies and Children's School Achievement in Single- versus Two-Parent Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pong, Suet-Ling; Dronkers, Jaap; Hampden-Thompson, Gillian

    2003-01-01

    Investigates the gap in math and science achievement of third- and fourth-graders who live with a single parent versus those who live with two parents in 11 countries. Finds single parenthood to be less detrimental when family policies equalize resources between single- and two-parent families. Concludes that national family policies can offset…

  1. Fourth order spatial derivative gravity

    E-print Network

    F. S. Bemfica; M. Gomes

    2011-10-12

    In this work we study a modified theory of gravity that contains up to fourth order spatial derivatives as a model for the Horava-Lifshitz gravity. The propagator is evaluated and, as a result, it is obtained one extra pole corresponding to a spin two nonrelativistic massless particle, an extra term which jeopardizes renormalizability, besides the unexpected general relativity unmodified propagator. Then, unitarity is proved at the tree-level, where the general relativity pole has shown to have no dynamics, remaining only the two degrees of freedom of the new pole. Next, the nonrelativistic effective potential is determined from a scattering process of two identical massive gravitationally interacting bosons. In this limit, Newton's potential is obtained, together with a Darwin-like term that comes from the extra non-pole term in the propagator. Regarding renormalizability, this extra term may be harmful, by power counting, but it can be eliminated by adjusting the free parameters of the model. This adjustment is in accord with the detailed balance condition suggested in the literature and shows that the way in which extra spatial derivative terms are added is of fundamental importance.

  2. The Intermediate Neutrino Program

    E-print Network

    Adams, C; Ankowski, A M; Asaadi, J A; Ashenfelter, J; Axani, S N; Babu, K; Backhouse, C; Band, H R; Barbeau, P S; Barros, N; Bernstein, A; Betancourt, M; Bishai, M; Blucher, E; Bouffard, J; Bowden, N; Brice, S; Bryan, C; Camilleri, L; Cao, J; Carlson, J; Carr, R E; Chatterjee, A; Chen, M; Chen, S; Chiu, M; Church, E D; Collar, J I; Collin, G; Conrad, J M; Convery, M R; Cooper, R L; Cowen, D; Davoudiasl, H; De Gouvea, A; Dean, D J; Deichert, G; Descamps, F; DeYoung, T; Diwan, M V; Djurcic, Z; Dolinski, M J; Dolph, J; Donnelly, B; Dwyer, D A; Dytman, S; Efremenko, Y; Everett, L L; Fava, A; Figueroa-Feliciano, E; Fleming, B; Friedland, A; Fujikawa, B K; Gaisser, T K; Galeazzi, M; Galehouse, D C; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Garvey, G T; Gautam, S; Gilje, K E; Gonzalez-Garcia, M; Goodman, M C; Gordon, H; Gramellini, E; Green, M P; Guglielmi, A; Hackenburg, R W; Hackenburg, A; Halzen, F; Han, K; Hans, S; Harris, D; Heeger, K M; Herman, M; Hill, R; Holin, A; Huber, P; Jaffe, D E; Johnson, R A; Joshi, J; Karagiorgi, G; Kaufman, L J; Kayser, B; Kettell, S H; Kirby, B J; Klein, J R; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kriske, R M; Lane, C E; Langford, T J; Lankford, A; Lau, K; Learned, J G; Ling, J; Link, J M; Lissauer, D; Littenberg, L; Littlejohn, B R; Lockwitz, S; Lokajicek, M; Louis, W C; Luk, K; Lykken, J; Marciano, W J; Maricic, J; Markoff, D M; Caicedo, D A Martinez; Mauger, C; Mavrokoridis, K; McCluskey, E; McKeen, D; McKeown, R; Mills, G; Mocioiu, I; Monreal, B; Mooney, M R; Morfin, J G; Mumm, P; Napolitano, J; Neilson, R; Nelson, J K; Nessi, M; Norcini, D; Nova, F; Nygren, D R; Gann, G D Orebi; Palamara, O; Parsa, Z; Patterson, R; Paul, P; Pocar, A; Qian, X; Raaf, J L; Rameika, R; Ranucci, G; Ray, H; Reyna, D; Rich, G C; Rodrigues, P; Romero, E Romero; Rosero, R; Rountree, S D; Rybolt, B; Sanchez, M C; Santucci, G; Schmitz, D; Scholberg, K; Seckel, D; Shaevitz, M; Shrock, R; Smy, M B; Soderberg, M; Sonzogni, A; Sousa, A B; Spitz, J; John, J M St; Stewart, J; Strait, J B; Sullivan, G; Svoboda, R; Szelc, A M; Tayloe, R; Thomson, M A; Toups, M; Vacheret, A; Vagins, M; Van de Water, R G; Vogelaar, R B; Weber, M; Weng, W; Wetstein, M; White, C; White, B R; Whitehead, L; Whittington, D W; Wilking, M J; Wilson, R J; Wilson, P; Winklehner, D; Winn, D R; Worcester, E; Yang, L; Yeh, M; Yokley, Z W; Yoo, J; Yu, B; Yu, J; Zhang, C

    2015-01-01

    The US neutrino community gathered at the Workshop on the Intermediate Neutrino Program (WINP) at Brookhaven National Laboratory February 4-6, 2015 to explore opportunities in neutrino physics over the next five to ten years. Scientists from particle, astroparticle and nuclear physics participated in the workshop. The workshop examined promising opportunities for neutrino physics in the intermediate term, including possible new small to mid-scale experiments, US contributions to large experiments, upgrades to existing experiments, R&D plans and theory. The workshop was organized into two sets of parallel working group sessions, divided by physics topics and technology. Physics working groups covered topics on Sterile Neutrinos, Neutrino Mixing, Neutrino Interactions, Neutrino Properties and Astrophysical Neutrinos. Technology sessions were organized into Theory, Short-Baseline Accelerator Neutrinos, Reactor Neutrinos, Detector R&D and Source, Cyclotron and Meson Decay at Rest sessions.This report summ...

  3. Neutrino electromagnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Giunti, C., E-mail: giunti@to.infn.i [University of Turin, INFN, Section of Turin (Italy); Studenikin, A., E-mail: studenik@srd.sinp.msu.r [Moscow State University, Department of Theoretical Physics (Russian Federation)

    2009-12-15

    The main goal of the paper is to give a short review on neutrino electromagnetic properties. In the introductory part of the paper a summary on what we really know about neutrinos is given: we discuss the basics of neutrino mass and mixing as well as the phenomenology of neutrino oscillations. This is important for the following discussion on neutrino electromagnetic properties that starts with a derivation of the neutrino electromagnetic vertex function in the most general form, that follows from the requirement of Lorentz invariance, for both the Dirac and Majorana cases. Then, the problem of the neutrino form factor definition and calculation within gauge models is considered. In particular, we discuss the neutrino electric charge form factor and charge radius, dipole magnetic and electric and anapole form factors. Available experimental constraints on neutrino electromagnetic properties are also discussed, and the recently obtained experimental limits on neutrino magnetic moments are reviewed. The most important neutrino electromagnetic processes involving a direct neutrino coupling with photons (such as neutrino radiative decay, neutrino Cherenkov radiation, spin light of neutrino and plasmon decay into neutrino-antineutrino pair in media) and neutrino resonant spin-flavor precession in a magnetic field are discussed at the end of the paper.

  4. Atmospheric neutrino and Long Baseline neutrino experiments

    E-print Network

    Giorgio Giacomelli

    2007-12-13

    The results obtained by several experiments on atmospheric neutrino oscillations are summarized and discussed. Then the results obtained by different long baseline neutrino experiments are considered. Finally conclusions and perspectives are made.

  5. Calculating Neutrino Oscillations with Sterile Neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linehan, Bryan

    2014-09-01

    In particle physics, it is currently known that three types of neutrinos exist that interact via the weak force. Referred to as ``flavors,'' they are distinguishable and named for the lepton they produce through charged current interactions: electron, muon, and tau. In a process called neutrino oscillation, one flavor of neutrino can change into another flavor as it propagates through space. At the moment, mild discrepancies between expected and measured neutrino oscillations suggest that more types of neutrinos that do not interact via the weak force exist: sterile neutrinos. The goal of this project was to calculate non-sterile flavor oscillation probabilities when 1, 2 or 3 sterile neutrinos were assumed to exist. An application has been written in Mathematica that calculates these probabilities with the neutrino masses, linear relationships between mass and flavor states, values of CP symmetry violating constants, and constant densities of media in which the neutrinos propagate set as parameters. The application was published online for researchers to use as a tool when considering the existence of sterile neutrinos. In the immediate future, the insights this application gives into neutrino oscillations will be studied and reported. In particle physics, it is currently known that three types of neutrinos exist that interact via the weak force. Referred to as ``flavors,'' they are distinguishable and named for the lepton they produce through charged current interactions: electron, muon, and tau. In a process called neutrino oscillation, one flavor of neutrino can change into another flavor as it propagates through space. At the moment, mild discrepancies between expected and measured neutrino oscillations suggest that more types of neutrinos that do not interact via the weak force exist: sterile neutrinos. The goal of this project was to calculate non-sterile flavor oscillation probabilities when 1, 2 or 3 sterile neutrinos were assumed to exist. An application has been written in Mathematica that calculates these probabilities with the neutrino masses, linear relationships between mass and flavor states, values of CP symmetry violating constants, and constant densities of media in which the neutrinos propagate set as parameters. The application was published online for researchers to use as a tool when considering the existence of sterile neutrinos. In the immediate future, the insights this application gives into neutrino oscillations will be studied and reported. Mentored by Dr. Michael Kordosky and supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. PHY-1359364.

  6. Ultra High Energy Neutrino Astronomy

    E-print Network

    V. Berezinsky

    2005-05-11

    The short review of theoretical aspects of ultra high energy (UHE) neutrinos and superGZK neutrinos. The sources and diffuse fluxes of UHE neutrinos are discussed. Much attention is given to comparison of the cascade and cosmic ray upper bounds for diffuse neutrino fluxes. Cosmogenic neutrinos and neutrinos from the mirror mater are considered as superGZK neutrinos.

  7. Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillations

    SciTech Connect

    Rebel, Brian; /Fermilab

    2009-10-01

    There is compelling evidence for neutrino flavor change as neutrinos propagate. The evidence for this phenomenon has been provided by several experiments observing neutrinos that traverse distances of several hundred kilometers between production and detection. This review outlines the evidence for neutrino flavor change from such experiments and describes recent results in the field.

  8. The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. Simpson

    2001-01-01

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a large, underground heavywater Cerenkov detector which has been designed and built primarily to solve the solar neutrino problem, the shortfall in the flux of neutrinos coming from the sun relative to the best solar model predictions. As discussed in previous talks in this symposium, the neutrino flux shortfall occurs in all previous experiments

  9. Future Neutrino Experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Fleming, B. T. [Physics Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT 60510 (United States)

    2009-12-17

    There are a number of future neutrino experiments addressing fundamental questions about the neutrino and about what the neutrino can tell us about the universe. A class of these experiments are long baseline neutrino oscillation v{sub e} appearance searches which can measure the final unknowns of the 3x3 neutrino mixing matrix and look for CP violation in the neutrino sector. The massive detectors needed for these experiments can also search for proton decay and measure extra-terrestrial neutrino sources. There are a number of efforts worldwide to launch these experiments. These efforts, with a focus on US plans, are described.

  10. The cosmic neutrino background

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dar, Arnon

    1991-01-01

    The cosmic neutrino background is expected to consist of relic neutrinos from the big bang, of neutrinos produced during nuclear burning in stars, of neutrinos released by gravitational stellar collapse, and of neutrinos produced by cosmic ray interactions with matter and radiation in the interstellar and intergalactic medium. Formation of baryonic dark matter in the early universe, matter-antimatter annihilation in a baryonic symmetric universe, and dark matter annihilation could have also contributed significantly to the cosmic neutrino background. The purpose of this paper is to review the properties of these cosmic neutrino backgrounds, the indirect evidence for their existence, and the prospects for their detection.

  11. Neutrino Physics with JUNO

    E-print Network

    An, Fengpeng; An, Qi; Antonelli, Vito; Baussan, Eric; Beacom, John; Bezrukov, Leonid; Blyth, Simon; Brugnera, Riccardo; Avanzini, Margherita Buizza; Busto, Jose; Cabrera, Anatael; Cai, Hao; Cai, Xiao; Cammi, Antonio; Cao, Guofu; Cao, Jun; Chang, Yun; Chen, Shaomin; Chen, Shenjian; Chen, Yixue; Chiesa, Davide; Clemenza, Massimiliano; Clerbaux, Barbara; Conrad, Janet; D'Angelo, Davide; De Kerret, Herve; Deng, Zhi; Deng, Ziyan; Ding, Yayun; Djurcic, Zelimir; Dornic, Damien; Dracos, Marcos; Drapier, Olivier; Dusini, Stefano; Dye, Stephen; Enqvist, Timo; Fan, Donghua; Fang, Jian; Favart, Laurent; Ford, Richard; Goger-Neff, Marianne; Gan, Haonan; Garfagnini, Alberto; Giammarchi, Marco; Gonchar, Maxim; Gong, Guanghua; Gong, Hui; Gonin, Michel; Grassi, Marco; Grewing, Christian; Guan, Mengyun; Guarino, Vic; Guo, Gang; Guo, Wanlei; Guo, Xin-Heng; Hagner, Caren; Han, Ran; He, Miao; Heng, Yuekun; Hsiung, Yee; Hu, Jun; Hu, Shouyang; Hu, Tao; Huang, Hanxiong; Huang, Xingtao; Huo, Lei; Ioannisian, Ara; Jeitler, Manfred; Ji, Xiangdong; Jiang, Xiaoshan; Jollet, Cecile; Kang, Li; Karagounis, Michael; Kazarian, Narine; Krumshteyn, Zinovy; Kruth, Andre; Kuusiniemi, Pasi; Lachenmaier, Tobias; Leitner, Rupert; Li, Chao; Li, Jiaxing; Li, Weidong; Li, Weiguo; Li, Xiaomei; Li, Xiaonan; Li, Yi; Li, Yufeng; Li, Zhi-Bing; Liang, Hao; Lin, Guey-Lin; Lin, Tao; Lin, Yen-Hsun; Ling, Jiajie; Lippi, Ivano; Liu, Dawei; Liu, Hongbang; Liu, Hu; Liu, Jianglai; Liu, Jianli; Liu, Jinchang; Liu, Qian; Liu, Shubin; Liu, Shulin; Lombardi, Paolo; Long, Yongbing; Lu, Haoqi; Lu, Jiashu; Lu, Jingbin; Lu, Junguang; Lubsandorzhiev, Bayarto; Ludhova, Livia; Luo, Shu; Lyashuk, Vladimir; Mollenberg, Randolph; Ma, Xubo; Mantovani, Fabio; Mao, Yajun; Mari, Stefano M; McDonough, William F; Meng, Guang; Meregaglia, Anselmo; Meroni, Emanuela; Mezzetto, Mauro; Miramonti, Lino; Mueller, Thomas; Naumov, Dmitry; Oberauer, Lothar; Ochoa-Ricoux, Juan Pedro; Olshevskiy, Alexander; Ortica, Fausto; Paoloni, Alessandro; Peng, Haiping; Peng, Jen-Chieh; Previtali, Ezio; Qi, Ming; Qian, Sen; Qian, Xin; Qian, Yongzhong; Qin, Zhonghua; Raffelt, Georg; Ranucci, Gioacchino; Ricci, Barbara; Robens, Markus; Romani, Aldo; Ruan, Xiangdong; Ruan, Xichao; Salamanna, Giuseppe; Shaevitz, Mike; Sinev, Valery; Sirignano, Chiara; Sisti, Monica; Smirnov, Oleg; Soiron, Michael; Stahl, Achim; Stanco, Luca; Steinmann, Jochen; Sun, Xilei; Sun, Yongjie; Taichenachev, Dmitriy; Tang, Jian; Tkachev, Igor; Trzaska, Wladyslaw; van Waasen, Stefan; Volpe, Cristina; Vorobel, Vit; Votano, Lucia; Wang, Chung-Hsiang; Wang, Guoli; Wang, Hao; Wang, Meng; Wang, Ruiguang; Wang, Siguang; Wang, Wei; Wang, Yi; Wang, Yifang; Wang, Zhe; Wang, Zheng; Wang, Zhigang; Wang, Zhimin; Wei, Wei; Wen, Liangjian; Wiebusch, Christopher; Wonsak, Bjorn; Wu, Qun; Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth; Wurm, Michael; Xi, Yufei; Xia, Dongmei; Xie, Yuguang; Xing, Zhi-zhong; Xu, Jilei; Yan, Baojun; Yang, Changgen; Yang, Chaowen; Yang, Guang; Yang, Lei; Yang, Yifan; Yao, Yu; Yegin, Ugur; Yermia, Frederic; You, Zhengyun; Yu, Boxiang; Yu, Chunxu; Yu, Zeyuan; Zavatarelli, Sandra; Zhan, Liang; Zhang, Chao; Zhang, Hong-Hao; Zhang, Jiawen; Zhang, Jingbo; Zhang, Qingmin; Zhang, Yu-Mei; Zhang, Zhenyu; Zhao, Zhenghua; Zheng, Yangheng; Zhong, Weili; Zhou, Guorong; Zhou, Jing; Zhou, Li; Zhou, Rong; Zhou, Shun; Zhou, Wenxiong; Zhou, Xiang; Zhou, Yeling; Zhou, Yufeng; Zou, Jiaheng

    2015-01-01

    The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO), a 20 kton multi-purpose underground liquid scintillator detector, was proposed with the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy as a primary physics goal. It is also capable of observing neutrinos from terrestrial and extra-terrestrial sources, including supernova burst neutrinos, diffuse supernova neutrino background, geoneutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, solar neutrinos, as well as exotic searches such as nucleon decays, dark matter, sterile neutrinos, etc. We present the physics motivations and the anticipated performance of the JUNO detector for various proposed measurements. By detecting reactor antineutrinos from two power plants at 53-km distance, JUNO will determine the neutrino mass hierarchy at a 3-4 sigma significance with six years of running. The measurement of antineutrino spectrum will also lead to the precise determination of three out of the six oscillation parameters to an accuracy of better than 1\\%. Neutrino burst from a typical cor...

  12. Monitoring Report for Fourth Quarter 2011

    E-print Network

    Monitoring Report for CSMRI Site Fourth Quarter 2011 Prepared for: Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado Prepared by: The S.M. Stoller Corporation Broomfield, Colorado January 2012 #12;Monitoring Report ..............................................................................................................................3 U2.2U USURFACE WATER SAMPLINGU

  13. Monitoring Report for Fourth Quarter 2008

    E-print Network

    Monitoring Report for CSMRI Site Fourth Quarter 2008 Prepared for: Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado Prepared by: The S.M. Stoller Corporation Broomfield, Colorado March 2009 #12;Monitoring Report .........................................................................................................................1 2.2 SURFACE WATER SAMPLING

  14. Monitoring Report for Fourth Quarter 2009

    E-print Network

    Monitoring Report for CSMRI Site Fourth Quarter 2009 Prepared for: Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado Prepared by: The S.M. Stoller Corporation Broomfield, Colorado February 2010 #12;Monitoring Report .........................................................................................................................1 2.2 SURFACE WATER SAMPLING

  15. Monitoring Report for Fourth Quarter 2010

    E-print Network

    Monitoring Report for CSMRI Site Fourth Quarter 2010 Prepared for: Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado Prepared by: The S.M. Stoller Corporation Broomfield, Colorado February 2011 #12;Monitoring Report..............................................................................................................................2 2.2 SURFACE WATER SAMPLING

  16. Monitoring Report for Fourth Quarter 2007

    E-print Network

    #12;Monitoring Report for CSMRI Site Fourth Quarter 2007 Prepared for: Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado Prepared by: The S.M. Stoller Corporation Broomfield, Colorado February 2008 #12 .........................................................................................................................2 2.3 SURFACE WATER SAMPLING

  17. Search for long-lived massive neutrinos in Z decays

    SciTech Connect

    Jung, C.K.; Van Kooten, R.; Abrams, G.S.; Adolphsen, C.E.; Averill, D.; Ballam, J.; Barish, B.C.; Barklow, T.; Barnett, B.A.; Bartelt, J.; Bethke, S.; Blockus, D.; Bonvicini, G.; Boyarski, A.; Brabson, B.; Breakstone, A.; Bulos, F.; Burchat, P.R.; Burke, D.L.; Cence, R.J.; Chapman, J.; Chmeissani, M.; Cords, D.; Coupal, D.P.; Dauncey, P.; DeStaebler, H.C.; Dorfan, D.E.; Dorfan, J.M.; Drewer, D.C.; Elia, R.; Feldman, G.J.; Fernandes, D.; Field, R.C.; Ford, W.T.; Fordham, C.; Frey, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K.K.; Gatto, C.; Gero, E.; Gidal, G.; Glanzman, T.; Goldhaber, G.; Gomez Cadenas, J.J.; Gratta, G.; Grindhammer, G.; Grosse-Wiesmann, P.; Hanson, G.; Harr, R.; Harral, B.; Harris, F.A.; Hawkes, C.M.; Hayes, K.; Hearty, C.; Heusch, C.A.; Hildreth, M.D.; Himel, T.; Hinshaw, D.A.; Hong, S.J.; Hutchinson, D.; Hylen, J.; Innes, W.R.; Jacobsen, R.G.; Jaros, J.A.; Kadyk, J.A.; Kent, J.; King, M.; Klein, S.R.; Koetke, D.S.; Komamiya, S.; Koska, W.; Kowalski, L.A.; Kozanecki, W.; Kral, J.F.; Kuhlen

    1990-03-05

    We search for events in the Mark II detector at SLAC Linear Collider with the topology of a {ital Z} boson decaying into a pair of long-lived massive particles. No events that are consistent with the search hypothesis are found. Interpreting the long-lived particle as a sequential Dirac neutrino {nu}{sub 4} of the fourth generation, we exclude at the 95% confidence level a significant range of mixing-matrix elements of {nu}{sub 4} to other-generation neutrinos for a {nu}{sub 4} mass from 10 to 43 GeV/{ital c}{sup 2}.

  18. Lepton family number violation

    SciTech Connect

    Herczeg, P.

    1999-03-01

    At present there is evidence from neutrino oscillation searches that the neutrinos are in fact massive particles and that they mix. If confirmed, this would imply that the conservation of LFN is not exact. Lepton family number violation (LFNV) has been searched for with impressive sensitivities in many processes involving charged leptons. The present experimental limits on some of them (those which the author shall consider here) are shown in Table 1. These stringent limits are not inconsistent with the neutrino oscillation results since, given the experimental bounds on the masses of the known neutrinos and the neutrino mass squared differences required by the oscillation results, the effects of LFNV from neutrino mixing would be too small to be seen elsewhere (see Section 2). The purpose of experiments searching for LFNV involving the charged leptons is to probe the existence of other sources of LFNV. Such sources are present in many extensions of the SM. In this lecture the author shall discuss some of the possibilities, focusing on processes that require muon beams. Other LFNV processes, such as the decays of the kaons and of the {tau}, provide complementary information. In the next Section he shall consider some sources of LFNV that do not require an extension of the gauge group of the SM (the added leptons or Higgs bosons may of course originate from models with extended gauge groups). In Section 3 he discusses LFNV in left-right symmetric models. In Section 4 he considers LFNV in supersymmetric models, first in R-parity conserving supersymmetric grand unified models, and then in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity violation. The last section is a brief summary of the author`s conclusions.

  19. Contribution of Family Environment to Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users' Speech and Language Outcomes: Some Preliminary Findings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holt, Rachael Frush; Beer, Jessica; Kronenberger, William G.; Pisoni, David B.; Lalonde, Kaylah

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the family environments of children with cochlear implants and to examine relationships between family environment and postimplant language development and executive function. Method: Forty-five families of children with cochlear implants completed a self-report family environment questionnaire (Family Environment Scale-Fourth

  20. Neutrino Nucleosynthesis in Supernovae

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshida, Takashi [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (Japan); Suzuki, Toshio [Department of Physics, College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University (Japan); Chiba, Satoshi [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (Japan); Kajino, Toshitaka [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (Japan); Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo (Japan); Yokomakura, Hidekazu; Kimura, Keiichi [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University (Japan); Takamura, Akira [Department of Mathematics, Toyota National College of Technology (Japan); Hartmann, Dieter H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University (United States)

    2009-05-04

    Neutrino nucleosynthesis is an important synthesis process for light elements in supernovae. One important physics input of neutrino nucleosynthesis is cross sections of neutrino-nucleus reactions. The cross sections of neutrino-{sup 12}C and {sup 4}He reactions are derived using new shell model Hamiltonians. With the new cross sections, light element synthesis of a supernova is investigated. The appropriate range of the neutrino temperature for supernovae is constrained to be between 4.3 MeV and 6.5 MeV from the {sup 11}B abundance in Galactic chemical evolution. Effects by neutrino oscillations are also discussed.

  1. Neutrino Physics at Fermilab

    ScienceCinema

    Niki Saoulidou

    2010-01-08

    Neutrino oscillations provide the first evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model. I will briefly overview the neutrino "hi-story", describing key discoveries over the past decades that shaped our understanding of neutrinos and their behavior. Fermilab was, is and hopefully will be at the forefront of the accelerator neutrino experiments.  NuMI, the most powerful accelerator neutrino beam in the world has ushered us into the era of precise measurements. Its further upgrades may give a chance to tackle the remaining mysteries of the neutrino mass hierarchy and possible CP violation.

  2. Solar Neutrinos: History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bahcall, John

    This site, authored by John Bahcall of the School of Natural Sciences, offers several articles about neutrinos, the neutrino oscillations, and the sun. The page is structured in this fashion: a historical overview of solar models, a theoretical description of solar neutrinos, an experimental description of solar neutrinos, an explanation of how the sun shines, and the evolution of neutrino astronomy. The page links users to pdfs of useful papers concerning these topics. This is a useful resource for those looking for a comprehensive history of solar neutrinos.

  3. Neutrino Physics with JUNO

    E-print Network

    Fengpeng An; Guangpeng An; Qi An; Vito Antonelli; Eric Baussan; John Beacom; Leonid Bezrukov; Simon Blyth; Riccardo Brugnera; Margherita Buizza Avanzini; Jose Busto; Anatael Cabrera; Hao Cai; Xiao Cai; Antonio Cammi; Guofu Cao; Jun Cao; Yun Chang; Shaomin Chen; Shenjian Chen; Yixue Chen; Davide Chiesa; Massimiliano Clemenza; Barbara Clerbaux; Janet Conrad; Davide D'Angelo; Herve De Kerret; Zhi Deng; Ziyan Deng; Yayun Ding; Zelimir Djurcic; Damien Dornic; Marcos Dracos; Olivier Drapier; Stefano Dusini; Stephen Dye; Timo Enqvist; Donghua Fan; Jian Fang; Laurent Favart; Richard Ford; Marianne Goger-Neff; Haonan Gan; Alberto Garfagnini; Marco Giammarchi; Maxim Gonchar; Guanghua Gong; Hui Gong; Michel Gonin; Marco Grassi; Christian Grewing; Mengyun Guan; Vic Guarino; Gang Guo; Wanlei Guo; Xin-Heng Guo; Caren Hagner; Ran Han; Miao He; Yuekun Heng; Yee Hsiung; Jun Hu; Shouyang Hu; Tao Hu; Hanxiong Huang; Xingtao Huang; Lei Huo; Ara Ioannisian; Manfred Jeitler; Xiangdong Ji; Xiaoshan Jiang; Cecile Jollet; Li Kang; Michael Karagounis; Narine Kazarian; Zinovy Krumshteyn; Andre Kruth; Pasi Kuusiniemi; Tobias Lachenmaier; Rupert Leitner; Chao Li; Jiaxing Li; Weidong Li; Weiguo Li; Xiaomei Li; Xiaonan Li; Yi Li; Yufeng Li; Zhi-Bing Li; Hao Liang; Guey-Lin Lin; Tao Lin; Yen-Hsun Lin; Jiajie Ling; Ivano Lippi; Dawei Liu; Hongbang Liu; Hu Liu; Jianglai Liu; Jianli Liu; Jinchang Liu; Qian Liu; Shubin Liu; Shulin Liu; Paolo Lombardi; Yongbing Long; Haoqi Lu; Jiashu Lu; Jingbin Lu; Junguang Lu; Bayarto Lubsandorzhiev; Livia Ludhova; Shu Luo; Vladimir Lyashuk; Randolph Mollenberg; Xubo Ma; Fabio Mantovani; Yajun Mao; Stefano M. Mari; William F. McDonough; Guang Meng; Anselmo Meregaglia; Emanuela Meroni; Mauro Mezzetto; Lino Miramonti; Thomas Mueller; Dmitry Naumov; Lothar Oberauer; Juan Pedro Ochoa-Ricoux; Alexander Olshevskiy; Fausto Ortica; Alessandro Paoloni; Haiping Peng; Jen-Chieh Peng; Ezio Previtali; Ming Qi; Sen Qian; Xin Qian; Yongzhong Qian; Zhonghua Qin; Georg Raffelt; Gioacchino Ranucci; Barbara Ricci; Markus Robens; Aldo Romani; Xiangdong Ruan; Xichao Ruan; Giuseppe Salamanna; Mike Shaevitz; Valery Sinev; Chiara Sirignano; Monica Sisti; Oleg Smirnov; Michael Soiron; Achim Stahl; Luca Stanco; Jochen Steinmann; Xilei Sun; Yongjie Sun; Dmitriy Taichenachev; Jian Tang; Igor Tkachev; Wladyslaw Trzaska; Stefan van Waasen; Cristina Volpe; Vit Vorobel; Lucia Votano; Chung-Hsiang Wang; Guoli Wang; Hao Wang; Meng Wang; Ruiguang Wang; Siguang Wang; Wei Wang; Yi Wang; Yi Wang; Yifang Wang; Zhe Wang; Zheng Wang; Zhigang Wang; Zhimin Wang; Wei Wei; Liangjian Wen; Christopher Wiebusch; Bjorn Wonsak; Qun Wu; Claudia-Elisabeth Wulz; Michael Wurm; Yufei Xi; Dongmei Xia; Yuguang Xie; Zhi-zhong Xing; Jilei Xu; Baojun Yan; Changgen Yang; Chaowen Yang; Guang Yang; Lei Yang; Yifan Yang; Yu Yao; Ugur Yegin; Frederic Yermia; Zhengyun You; Boxiang Yu; Chunxu Yu; Zeyuan Yu; Sandra Zavatarelli; Liang Zhan; Chao Zhang; Hong-Hao Zhang; Jiawen Zhang; Jingbo Zhang; Qingmin Zhang; Yu-Mei Zhang; Zhenyu Zhang; Zhenghua Zhao; Yangheng Zheng; Weili Zhong; Guorong Zhou; Jing Zhou; Li Zhou; Rong Zhou; Shun Zhou; Wenxiong Zhou; Xiang Zhou; Yeling Zhou; Yufeng Zhou; Jiaheng Zou

    2015-07-20

    The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO), a 20 kton multi-purpose underground liquid scintillator detector, was proposed with the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy as a primary physics goal. It is also capable of observing neutrinos from terrestrial and extra-terrestrial sources, including supernova burst neutrinos, diffuse supernova neutrino background, geoneutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, solar neutrinos, as well as exotic searches such as nucleon decays, dark matter, sterile neutrinos, etc. We present the physics motivations and the anticipated performance of the JUNO detector for various proposed measurements. By detecting reactor antineutrinos from two power plants at 53-km distance, JUNO will determine the neutrino mass hierarchy at a 3-4 sigma significance with six years of running. The measurement of antineutrino spectrum will also lead to the precise determination of three out of the six oscillation parameters to an accuracy of better than 1\\%. Neutrino burst from a typical core-collapse supernova at 10 kpc would lead to ~5000 inverse-beta-decay events and ~2000 all-flavor neutrino-proton elastic scattering events in JUNO. Detection of DSNB would provide valuable information on the cosmic star-formation rate and the average core-collapsed neutrino energy spectrum. Geo-neutrinos can be detected in JUNO with a rate of ~400 events per year, significantly improving the statistics of existing geoneutrino samples. The JUNO detector is sensitive to several exotic searches, e.g. proton decay via the $p\\to K^++\\bar\

  4. Welcome to pandoraviruses at the ‘Fourth TRUC’ club

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Vikas; Colson, Philippe; Chabrol, Olivier; Scheid, Patrick; Pontarotti, Pierre; Raoult, Didier

    2015-01-01

    Nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses, or representatives of the proposed order Megavirales, belong to families of giant viruses that infect a broad range of eukaryotic hosts. Megaviruses have been previously described to comprise a fourth monophylogenetic TRUC (things resisting uncompleted classification) together with cellular domains in the universal tree of life. Recently described pandoraviruses have large (1.9–2.5 MB) and highly divergent genomes. In the present study, we updated the classification of pandoraviruses and other reported giant viruses. Phylogenetic trees were constructed based on six informational genes. Hierarchical clustering was performed based on a set of informational genes from Megavirales members and cellular organisms. Homologous sequences were selected from cellular organisms using TimeTree software, comprising comprehensive, and representative sets of members from Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. Phylogenetic analyses based on three conserved core genes clustered pandoraviruses with phycodnaviruses, exhibiting their close relatedness. Additionally, hierarchical clustering analyses based on informational genes grouped pandoraviruses with Megavirales members as a super group distinct from cellular organisms. Thus, the analyses based on core conserved genes revealed that pandoraviruses are new genuine members of the ‘Fourth TRUC’ club, encompassing distinct life forms compared with cellular organisms. PMID:26042093

  5. The IceCube Cosmological Connection: Status and prospects of the polar neutrino observatory

    E-print Network

    M. Ribordy; for the IceCube Collaboration

    2008-05-22

    We report on the current construction status of the IceCube high energy neutrino observatory and possible future construction plans. With the completion of the fourth construction season in Feb. 2008, the observatory is now instrumenting half a cubic kilometer of ice, greatly increasing the horizon for high energy neutrino detection. We briefly describe physics topics related to cosmology, such as indirect searches for supersymmetric cold dark matter, for slow and relativistic magnetic monopoles, GZK neutrinos and violation of Lorentz invariance or Equivalence Principle. It is anticipated that upon completion the new detector will vastly increase the sensitivity and extend the reach of AMANDA to higher energies.

  6. Oscillations of Mossbauer neutrinos

    E-print Network

    Evgeny Kh. Akhmedov; Joachim Kopp; Manfred Lindner

    2008-05-02

    We calculate the probability of recoilless emission and detection of neutrinos (Mossbauer effect with neutrinos) taking into account the boundedness of the parent and daughter nuclei in the neutrino source and detector as well as the leptonic mixing. We show that, in spite of their near monochromaticity, the recoillessly emitted and captured neutrinos oscillate. After a qualitative discussion of this issue, we corroborate and extend our results by computing the combined rate of $\\bar{\

  7. Neutrinos from WIMP annihilations

    E-print Network

    Mattias Blennow

    2007-10-08

    We make an improved analysis on the flow of neutrinos originating from WIMP annihilations inside the Sun and the Earth. We treat both neutrino interaction and oscillation effects in a consistent framework. Our numerical simulations are performed in an event based setting, which is useful for both theoretical studies and for creating neutrino telescope Monte Carlos. We find that the flow of muon-type neutrinos is enhanced or suppressed depending on the dominant WIMP annihilation channel.

  8. Geo-neutrino Observation

    SciTech Connect

    Dye, S. T. [University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Hawaii Pacific University, Kaneohe, Hawaii 96744 (United States); Alderman, M.; Batygov, M.; Learned, J. G.; Matsuno, S.; Mahoney, J. M.; Pakvasa, S.; Rosen, M.; Smith, S.; Varner, G. [University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); McDonough, W. F. [University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

    2009-12-17

    Observations of geo-neutrinos measure radiogenic heat production within the earth, providing information on the thermal history and dynamic processes of the mantle. Two detectors currently observe geo-neutrinos from underground locations. Other detection projects in various stages of development include a deep ocean observatory. This paper presents the current status of geo-neutrino observation and describes the scientific capabilities of the deep ocean observatory, with emphasis on geology and neutrino physics.

  9. Australian Family Research Conference Proceedings (Canberra, Australia, November 23-25, 1983). Volume IV: Policies and Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne (Australia).

    Fourth in a series of volumes containing the proceedings of the 1983 Australian Family Research Conference, this publication deals with policies and families in Australia. Papers and authors included are: "Improving Social Security Programs: Some Options and Barriers" (Andrew Burbidge), "Single Parent Families and Social Policies: Australia and…

  10. Families at Work: Strengths and Strains. The General Mills American Family Report 1980-81.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.

    Fourth in a series of studies on the American family conducted for General Mills Corporation, this publication provides findings from a survey exploring the relationship between work and the family in contemporary society. Specifically, the survey explores how changes in the work force, especially the increase in numbers of working wives and…

  11. The Neutrino World

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kayser, Boris

    2006-04-01

    The discovery of neutrino mass has raised very interesting questions about the neutrinos and their connections to the rest of physics and astrophysics. We will discuss these questions and the ideas for answering them through future experiments. Ultimately, one would like to discover the origin of neutrino mass. We will discuss some speculations on this origin.

  12. The sudbury neutrino observatory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lesko

    1995-01-01

    The solar neutrino problem has been the focus of four major experiments during the past several decades. The Homestake Mine, SAGE and GALLEX experiments rely on radiochemical observation of a small number of neutrino generated atoms. Kamiokande revolutionized the observation of solar neutrinos by developing a real-time water Cerenkov detector. Recently, the calibration of the GALLEX experiment by a man-made

  13. Double Chooz neutrino experiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carmen Palomares

    2009-01-01

    The Double Chooz experiment will use the electron antineutrinos produced by the Chooz nuclear power station to search for a non-vanishing value of the Theta_13 neutrino mixing angle. Double Chooz will be the first of a new generation of neutrino experiments using identical detectors at different distances from the neutrino source to reduce the systematic errors due to the uncertainties

  14. Neutrinos as cosmic messengers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valle, J. W. F.

    2009-04-01

    I briefly review the current status of neutrino oscillation parameters and discuss the role of neutrinos as cosmological probes, that could possibly induce the baryon asymmetry as well as the dark matter in the Universe. I comment on the origin of neutrino masses in seesaw-type and low-scale models and mention some of their laboratory signals.

  15. Neutrino Astronomy Scott Wilbur

    E-print Network

    Golwala, Sunil

    V protons, which should be created with neutrinos, have been seen Can be used to observe possible dark Particle Physics Extremely long baseline for neutrino oscillation studies Dark Matter Searches Many dark Detector Picture from AMANDA II Web Site: http://www.amanda.uci.edu #12;Advantages of Neutrino Astronomy

  16. Neutrino observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    SciTech Connect

    Ahmad, Q.R.; Allen, R.C.; Andersen, T.C.; Anglin, J.D.; Barton,J.C.; Beier, E.W.; Bercovitch, M.; Bigu, J.; Biller, S.D.; Black, R.A.; Blevis, I.; Boardman, R.J.; Boger, J.; Bonvin, E.; Boulay, M.G.; Bowler,M.G.; Bowles, T.J.; Brice, S.J.; Browne, M.C.; Bullard, T.V.; Buhler, G.; Cameron, J.; Chan, Y.D.; Chen, H.H.; Chen, M.; Chen, X.; Cleveland, B.T.; Clifford, E.T.H.; Cowan, J.H.M.; Cowen, D.F.; Cox, G.A.; Dai, X.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; Davidson, W.F.; Doe, P.J.; Doucas, G.; Dragowsky,M.R.; Duba, C.A.; Duncan, F.A.; Dunford, M.; Dunmore, J.A.; Earle, E.D.; Elliott, S.R.; Evans, H.C.; Ewan, G.T.; Farine, J.; Fergani, H.; Ferraris, A.P.; Ford, R.J.; Formaggio, J.A.; Fowler, M.M.; Frame, K.; Frank, E.D.; Frati, W.; Gagnon, N.; Germani, J.V.; Gil, S.; Graham, K.; Grant, D.R.; Hahn, R.L.; Hallin, A.L.; Hallman, E.D.; Hamer, A.S.; Hamian, A.A.; Handler, W.B.; Haq, R.U.; Hargrove, C.K.; Harvey, P.J.; Hazama, R.; Heeger, K.M.; Heintzelman, W.J.; Heise, J.; Helmer, R.L.; Hepburn, J.D.; Heron, H.; Hewett, J.; Hime, A.; Hykawy, J.G.; Isaac,M.C.P.; Jagam, P.; Jelley, N.A.; Jillings, C.; Jonkmans, G.; Kazkaz, K.; Keener, P.T.; Klein, J.R.; Knox, A.B.; Komar, R.J.; Kouzes, R.; Kutter,T.; Kyba, C.C.M.; Law, J.; Lawson, I.T.; Lay, M.; Lee, H.W.; Lesko, K.T.; Leslie, J.R.; Levine, I.; Locke, W.; Luoma, S.; Lyon, J.; Majerus, S.; Mak, H.B.; Maneira, J.; Manor, J.; Marino, A.D.; McCauley, N.; McDonald,D.S.; McDonald, A.B.; McFarlane, K.; McGregor, G.; Meijer, R.; Mifflin,C.; Miller, G.G.; Milton, G.; Moffat, B.A.; Moorhead, M.; Nally, C.W.; Neubauer, M.S.; Newcomer, F.M.; Ng, H.S.; Noble, A.J.; Norman, E.B.; Novikov, V.M.; O'Neill, M.; Okada, C.E.; Ollerhead, R.W.; Omori, M.; Orrell, J.L.; Oser, S.M.; Poon, A.W.P.; Radcliffe, T.J.; Roberge, A.; Robertson, B.C.; Robertson, R.G.H.; Rosendahl, S.S.E.; Rowley, J.K.; Rusu, V.L.; Saettler, E.; Schaffer, K.K.; Schwendener,M.H.; Schulke, A.; Seifert, H.; Shatkay, M.; Simpson, J.J.; Sims, C.J.; et al.

    2001-09-24

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a water imaging Cherenkov detector. Its usage of 1000 metric tons of D{sub 2}O as target allows the SNO detector to make a solar-model independent test of the neutrino oscillation hypothesis by simultaneously measuring the solar {nu}{sub e} flux and the total flux of all active neutrino species. Solar neutrinos from the decay of {sup 8}B have been detected at SNO by the charged-current (CC) interaction on the deuteron and by the elastic scattering (ES) of electrons. While the CC reaction is sensitive exclusively to {nu}{sub e}, the ES reaction also has a small sensitivity to {nu}{sub {mu}} and {nu}{sub {tau}}. In this paper, recent solar neutrino results from the SNO experiment are presented. It is demonstrated that the solar flux from {sup 8}B decay as measured from the ES reaction rate under the no-oscillation assumption is consistent with the high precision ES measurement by the Super-Kamiokande experiment. The {nu}{sub e} flux deduced from the CC reaction rate in SNO differs from the Super-Kamiokande ES results by 3.3{sigma}. This is evidence for an active neutrino component, in additional to {nu}{sub e}, in the solar neutrino flux. These results also allow the first experimental determination of the total active {sup 8}B neutrino flux from the Sun, and is found to be in good agreement with solar model predictions.

  17. Constraining Sterile Neutrinos Using Reactor Neutrino Experiments

    E-print Network

    Ivan Girardi; Davide Meloni; Tommy Ohlsson; He Zhang; Shun Zhou

    2014-08-21

    Models of neutrino mixing involving one or more sterile neutrinos have resurrected their importance in the light of recent cosmological data. In this case, reactor antineutrino experiments offer an ideal place to look for signatures of sterile neutrinos due to their impact on neutrino flavor transitions. In this work, we show that the high-precision data of the Daya Bay experi\\-ment constrain the 3+1 neutrino scenario imposing upper bounds on the relevant active-sterile mixing angle $\\sin^2 2 \\theta_{14} \\lesssim 0.06$ at 3$\\sigma$ confidence level for the mass-squared difference $\\Delta m^2_{41}$ in the range $(10^{-3},10^{-1}) \\, {\\rm eV^2}$. The latter bound can be improved by six years of running of the JUNO experiment, $\\sin^22\\theta_{14} \\lesssim 0.016$, although in the smaller mass range $ \\Delta m^2_{41} \\in (10^{-4} ,10^{-3}) \\, {\\rm eV}^2$. We have also investigated the impact of sterile neutrinos on precision measurements of the standard neutrino oscillation parameters $\\theta_{13}$ and $\\Delta m^2_{31}$ (at Daya Bay and JUNO), $\\theta_{12}$ and $\\Delta m^2_{21}$ (at JUNO), and most importantly, the neutrino mass hierarchy (at JUNO). We find that, except for the obvious situation where $\\Delta m^2_{41}\\sim \\Delta m^2_{31}$, sterile states do not affect these measurements substantially.

  18. Even Start Family Literacy Program Evaluation, Oklahoma City Public Schools: A National Diffusion Network Approved Program, Family Intergenerational-Interaction Literacy Model 1993-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma City Univ., OK.

    The Even Start Family Literacy Program, in its fourth year of operation, provides a literacy environment based on the Family Intergenerational-Interaction Literacy Model (FILM) in the southwest area of Oklahoma City. The FILM model is designed to provide a family literacy education program for parents, extended family, and their preschool children…

  19. Singapore: The Fourth Way in Action?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargreaves, Andy

    2012-01-01

    This article has two main objectives. It first outlines the first three waves of change termed by Hargreaves and Shirley (The Fourth Way: The inspiring future for educational change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, "2009") as the First, Second and Third Way that defined global educational policy and practice since the 1960s. It then introduces…

  20. 45THE FOURTH PARADIGM EARTH AND ENVIRONMENT

    E-print Network

    Narasayya, Vivek

    45THE FOURTH PARADIGM EARTH AND ENVIRONMENT I ncreasing environmental challenges worldwide to conduct science in a new and bet- ter way. Existing large-scale environmental monitoring systems their next-generation experiments. next-Generation environmentaL science The next generation of environmental

  1. High-efficiency fourth harmonic generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey W. Pierce; Raymond G. Beausoleil

    1995-01-01

    The technique of Type I quadrature doubling has been used to generate 266 nm output from 532 nm input. Using a simple flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG laser doubled in KTP, the best conversion efficiency from the second harmonic to the fourth harmonic was 42% using two KDP crystals. With a second harmonic conversion efficiency of 60%, the total conversion efficiency from

  2. A fourth hominin skull from Dmanisi, Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Lordkipanidze; Abesalom Vekua; Reid Ferring; G. Philip Rightmire; Christoph P. E. Zollikofer; Marcia S. Ponce de León; Jordi Agusti; Gocha Kiladze; Alexander Mouskhelishvili; Medea Nioradze; Martha Tappen

    2006-01-01

    Newly discovered Homo remains, stone artifacts, and animal fossils from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia, provide a basis for better understand- ing patterns of hominin evolution and behavior in Eurasia ca. 1.77 mil- lion years ago. Here we describe a fourth skull that is nearly complete, lacking all but one of its teeth at the time of death. Both the maxillae

  3. FOURTH GENERATION OF CLOSED POPULATION HONEYBEE BREEDING

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    FOURTH GENERATION OF CLOSED POPULATION HONEYBEE BREEDING 2. Relationship between morphological that morphological characters can be used to improve honeybee stock. INTRODUCTION Honey production is a complex characteristic of a honeybee colony, and so an understanding of the various factors affecting it is important

  4. Teaching Fourth Generation Evaluation through Monologue Interpretation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hepburn, Eric; Sparks, Cheryl

    1992-01-01

    This article illustrates the use of monologue interpretation, in which an interpreter illuminates issues in a speaker's monologue to translate theoretical pedagogical material into usable classroom applications. The example shows how the tenets of Guba and Lincoln's (1989) Responsive Constructivist Fourth Generation Model were presented via…

  5. Database Decomposition into Fourth Normal Form

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gösta Grahne; Kari-jouko Räihä

    1983-01-01

    We present an algorithm that decom- poses a database scheme when the dependency set contains functional and multivalued dependencies. The schemes in the resulting decomposition are in fourth normal form and have a lossless join. Our algorithm does not impose restrictions on the allowed set of dependencies, and it never re- quires the computation of the full closure of the

  6. Gross Domestic Product: Fourth Quarter 1999

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A news release from the BEA reports that, in the fourth quarter of 1999, real gross domestic product continued to increase at an annual rate of 5.8 percent. Factors contributing to the rise included increases in personal consumption expenditures, government spending, inventory investment, and exports.

  7. Measuring the neutrino mass using intense photon and neutrino beams

    SciTech Connect

    Dicus, Duane A.; Repko, Wayne W.; Vega, Roberto

    2000-11-01

    We compute the cross section for neutrino-photon scattering taking into account a neutrino mass. We explore the possibility of using intense neutrino beams, such as those available at proposed muon colliders, together with high powered lasers to probe the neutrino mass in photon-neutrino collisions.

  8. Weighing the neutrino

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jentschura, U. D.; Horváth, D.; Nagy, S.; Nándori, I.; Trócsányi, Z.; Ujvári, B.

    2014-02-01

    We investigate the potential of short-baseline experiments in order to measure the dispersion relation of the (muon) neutrino, with a prospect of eventually measuring the neutrino mass. As a byproduct, the experiment would help to constrain parameters of Lorentz-violating effects in the neutrino sector. The potential of a high-flux laser-accelerated proton beam (e.g., at the upcoming ELI facility), incident on a thick target composed of a light element to produce pions, with a subsequent decay to muons and muon-neutrinos, is discussed. We find a possibility for a muon neutrino mass measurement of unprecedented accuracy.

  9. The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boger, J.; Hahn, R. L.; Rowley, J. K.; Carter, A. L.; Hollebone, B.; Kessler, D.; Blevis, I.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; DeKok, A.; Farine, J.; Grant, D. R.; Hargrove, C. K.; Laberge, G.; Levine, I.; McFarlane, K.; Mes, H.; Noble, A. T.; Novikov, V. M.; O'Neill, M.; Shatkay, M.; Shewchuk, C.; Sinclair, D.; Clifford, E. T. H.; Deal, R.; Earle, E. D.; Gaudette, E.; Milton, G.; Sur, B.; Bigu, J.; Cowan, J. H. M.; Cluff, D. L.; Hallman, E. D.; Haq, R. U.; Hewett, J.; Hykawy, J. G.; Jonkmans, G.; Michaud, R.; Roberge, A.; Roberts, J.; Saettler, E.; Schwendener, M. H.; Seifert, H.; Sweezey, D.; Tafirout, R.; Virtue, C. J.; Beck, D. N.; Chan, Y. D.; Chen, X.; Dragowsky, M. R.; Dycus, F. W.; Gonzalez, J.; Isaac, M. C. P.; Kajiyama, Y.; Koehler, G. W.; Lesko, K. T.; Moebus, M. C.; Norman, E. B.; Okada, C. E.; Poon, A. W. P.; Purgalis, P.; Schuelke, A.; Smith, A. R.; Stokstad, R. G.; Turner, S.; Zlimen, I.; Anaya, J. M.; Bowles, T. J.; Brice, S. J.; Esch, E.-I.; Fowler, M. M.; Goldschmidt, A.; Hime, A.; McGirt, A. F.; Miller, G. G.; Teasdale, W. A.; Wilhelmy, J. B.; Wouters, J. M.; Anglin, J. D.; Bercovitch, M.; Davidson, W. F.; Storey, R. S.; Biller, S.; Black, R. A.; Boardman, R. J.; Bowler, M. G.; Cameron, J.; Cleveland, B.; Ferraris, A. P.; Doucas, G.; Heron, H.; Howard, C.; Jelley, N. A.; Knox, A. B.; Lay, M.; Locke, W.; Lyon, J.; Majerus, S.; Moorhead, M.; Omori, M.; Tanner, N. W.; Taplin, R. K.; Thorman, M.; Wark, D. L.; West, N.; Barton, J. C.; Trent, P. T.; Kouzes, R.; Lowry, M. M.; Bell, A. L.; Bonvin, E.; Boulay, M.; Dayon, M.; Duncan, F.; Erhardt, L. S.; Evans, H. C.; Ewan, G. T.; Ford, R.; Hallin, A.; Hamer, A.; Hart, P. M.; Harvey, P. J.; Haslip, D.; Hearns, C. A. W.; Heaton, R.; Hepburn, J. D.; Jillings, C. J.; Korpach, E. P.; Lee, H. W.; Leslie, J. R.; Liu, M.-Q.; Mak, H. B.; McDonald, A. B.; MacArthur, J. D.; McLatchie, W.; Moffat, B. A.; Noel, S.; Radcliffe, T. J.; Robertson, B. C.; Skensved, P.; Stevenson, R. L.; Zhu, X.; Gil, S.; Heise, J.; Helmer, R. L.; Komar, R. J.; Nally, C. W.; Ng, H. S.; Waltham, C. E.; Allen, R. C.; Bühler, G.; Chen, H. H.; Aardsma, G.; Andersen, T.; Cameron, K.; Chon, M. C.; Hanson, R. H.; Jagam, P.; Karn, J.; Law, J.; Ollerhead, R. W.; Simpson, J. J.; Tagg, N.; Wang, J.-X.; Alexander, C.; Beier, E. W.; Cook, J. C.; Cowen, D. F.; Frank, E. D.; Frati, W.; Keener, P. T.; Klein, J. R.; Mayers, G.; McDonald, D. S.; Neubauer, M. S.; Newcomer, F. M.; Pearce, R. J.; de Water, R. G. V.; Berg, R. V.; Wittich, P.; Ahmad, Q. R.; Beck, J. M.; Browne, M. C.; Burritt, T. H.; Doe, P. J.; Duba, C. A.; Elliott, S. R.; Franklin, J. E.; Germani, J. V.; Green, P.; Hamian, A. A.; Heeger, K. M.; Howe, M.; Drees, R. M.; Myers, A.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Smith, M. W. E.; Steiger, T. D.; Wechel, T. V.; Wilkerson, J. F.

    2000-07-01

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is a second-generation water Cherenkov detector designed to determine whether the currently observed solar neutrino deficit is a result of neutrino oscillations. The detector is unique in its use of D2O as a detection medium, permitting it to make a solar model-independent test of the neutrino oscillation hypothesis by comparison of the charged- and neutral-current interaction rates. In this paper the physical properties, construction, and preliminary operation of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory are described. Data and predicted operating parameters are provided whenever possible.

  10. Neutrino mass and mixing with discrete symmetry.

    PubMed

    King, Stephen F; Luhn, Christoph

    2013-05-01

    This is a review paper about neutrino mass and mixing and flavour model building strategies based on discrete family symmetry. After a pedagogical introduction and overview of the whole of neutrino physics, we focus on the PMNS mixing matrix and the latest global fits following the Daya Bay and RENO experiments which measure the reactor angle. We then describe the simple bimaximal, tri-bimaximal and golden ratio patterns of lepton mixing and the deviations required for a non-zero reactor angle, with solar or atmospheric mixing sum rules resulting from charged lepton corrections or residual trimaximal mixing. The different types of see-saw mechanism are then reviewed as well as the sequential dominance mechanism. We then give a mini-review of finite group theory, which may be used as a discrete family symmetry broken by flavons either completely, or with different subgroups preserved in the neutrino and charged lepton sectors. These two approaches are then reviewed in detail in separate chapters including mechanisms for flavon vacuum alignment and different model building strategies that have been proposed to generate the reactor angle. We then briefly review grand unified theories (GUTs) and how they may be combined with discrete family symmetry to describe all quark and lepton masses and mixing. Finally, we discuss three model examples which combine an SU(5) GUT with the discrete family symmetries A?, S? and ?(96). PMID:23645075

  11. Update on atmospheric neutrinos

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez-Garcia, M.C.; Nunokawa, H.; Peres, O.L.; Valle, J.W. [Departament de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular---C.S.I.C., Universitat de Valencia 46100 Burjassot, Valencia (Spain)] [Departament de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular---C.S.I.C., Universitat de Valencia 46100 Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); Gonzalez-Garcia, M.C. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Pamplona 145, 01405-900 Sao Paulo (Brazil)] [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Pamplona 145, 01405-900 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Stanev, T. [Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)] [Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

    1998-08-01

    We discuss the impact of recent experimental results on the determination of atmospheric neutrino oscillation parameters. We use all published results on atmospheric neutrinos, including the preliminary large statistics data of Super-Kamiokande. We reanalyze the data in terms of both {nu}{sub {mu}}{r_arrow}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {nu}{sub {mu}}{r_arrow}{nu}{sub e} channels using new improved calculations of the atmospheric neutrino flux. We compare the sensitivity attained in atmospheric neutrino experiments with those of accelerator and reactor neutrino oscillation searches, including the recent CHOOZ experiment. We briefly comment on the implications of atmospheric neutrino data in relation to future searches for neutrino oscillations with long baselines, such as the K2K, MINOS, ICARUS, and NOE experiments. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  12. Absolute neutrino mass scale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capelli, Silvia; Di Bari, Pasquale

    2013-04-01

    Neutrino oscillation experiments firmly established non-vanishing neutrino masses, a result that can be regarded as a strong motivation to extend the Standard Model. In spite of being the lightest massive particles, neutrinos likely represent an important bridge to new physics at very high energies and offer new opportunities to address some of the current cosmological puzzles, such as the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the Universe and Dark Matter. In this context, the determination of the absolute neutrino mass scale is a key issue within modern High Energy Physics. The talks in this parallel session well describe the current exciting experimental activity aiming to determining the absolute neutrino mass scale and offer an overview of a few models beyond the Standard Model that have been proposed in order to explain the neutrino masses giving a prediction for the absolute neutrino mass scale and solving the cosmological puzzles.

  13. Atmospheric Neutrinos: Background and Signal

    SciTech Connect

    Mocioiu, Irina [Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, 104 Davey Lab 122, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2010-11-24

    We discuss a brief history of atmospheric neutrinos, from background to proton decay searches to proving neutrino oscillations. We then discuss how high statistics atmospheric neutrino measurements in the IceCube Deep Core Array can provide useful information about neutrino oscillation parameters and other neutrino properties.

  14. Cosmological constraints on neutrino degeneracy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kang Ho-Shik; Gary Steigman

    1992-01-01

    A large lepton asymmetry may be hidden in degenerate neutrinos. The cosmological consequences of neutrino degeneracy are explored with particular attention to the effects on primordial nucleosynthesis. Degenerate neutrinos will increase the density and expansion rate of the Universe so that cosmological data provides constraints on neutrino degeneracy. Although degenerate big-bang nucleosynthesis (DBBN) has two more free parameters (the electron-neutrino

  15. Properties of neutrinos: Recent results

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, R.G.H.

    1987-01-01

    Recent progress in experimental determinations of the properties of neutrinos is summarized. In particular, the extensive work on direct kinematic measurements of neutrino mass, on neutrino counting and on neutrino oscillations is highlighted. It is concluded that there may already be sufficient information to fix the masses of the neutrinos, but the evidence is still far from convincing. 63 refs., 13 figs.

  16. Measurable neutrino mass scale in A{sub 4}xSU(5)

    SciTech Connect

    Antusch, S.; Spinrath, M. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Foehringer Ring 6, D-80805 Muenchen (Germany); King, Stephen F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ Southampton (United Kingdom)

    2011-01-01

    We propose a supersymmetric A{sub 4}xSU(5) model of quasidegenerate neutrinos which predicts the effective neutrino mass m{sub ee} relevant for neutrinoless double beta decay to be proportional to the neutrino mass scale, thereby allowing its determination approximately independently of unknown Majorana phases. Such a natural quasidegeneracy is achieved by using A{sub 4} family symmetry (as an example of a non-Abelian family symmetry with real triplet representations) to enforce a contribution to the neutrino mass matrix proportional to the identity. Tribimaximal neutrino mixing as well as quark CP violation with {alpha}{approx_equal}90 deg. d a leptonic CP phase {delta}{sub MNS{approx_equal}}90 deg. arise from the breaking of the A{sub 4} family symmetry by the vacuum expectation values of four 'flavon' fields pointing in specific postulated directions in flavor space.

  17. High Energy Neutrino Astronomy and Neutrino Telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kouchner, A.

    2015-04-01

    Neutrinos constitute a unique probe since they escape from their sources, travel undisturbed on cosmological distances and are produced in high-energy (HE) hadronic processes. In particular they would allow a direct detection and unambiguous identification of the acceleration sites of HE baryonic cosmic rays (CR), which remain unknown. Recent results from the ICECUBE collaboration present the first highly significant indication for the detection of high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos, after several decades of instrumental efforts. We briefly report on this important results which open the route for the high-energy neutrino astronomy era. We then focus on the ANTARES detector, which despite its modest size with respect to ICECUBE is the largest deep-sea neutrino telescope in the world. The primary goal is to search for astrophysical neutrinos in the TeV-PeV range. This comprises generic searches for any diffuse cosmic neutrino flux as well as more specific searches for astrophysical sources such as active galactic nuclei or Galactic sources. The search program also includes multi-messenger analyses based on time and/or space coincidences with other cosmic probes. The ANTARES observatory is sensitive to a wide-range of other phenomena, from atmospheric neutrino oscillations to dark matter annihilation or potential exotics such as nuclearites and magnetic monopoles. The most recent results are reported.

  18. Relation between Language Experiences in Preschool Classrooms and Children's Kindergarten and Fourth-Grade Language and Reading Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson, David K.; Porche, Michelle V.

    2011-01-01

    Indirect effects of preschool classroom indexes of teacher talk were tested on fourth-grade outcomes for 57 students from low-income families in a longitudinal study of classroom and home influences on reading. Detailed observations and audiotaped teacher and child language data were coded to measure content and quantity of verbal interactions in…

  19. 7 CFR 51.2296 - Three-fourths half kernel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Shelled English Walnuts (Juglans Regia) Definitions § 51.2296 Three-fourths half kernel. Three-fourths half kernel...

  20. Neutrino factory near detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bogomilov, M.; Karadzhov, Y.; Matev, R.; Tsenov, R.; Laing, A.; Soler, F. J. P.

    2013-08-01

    The neutrino factory is a facility for future precision studies of neutrino oscillations. A so-called near detector is essential for reaching the required precision for a neutrino oscillation analysis. The main task of the near detector is to measure the flux of the neutrino beam. Such a high intensity neutrino source like a neutrino factory provides also the opportunity for precision studies of various neutrino interaction processes in the near detector. We discuss the design concepts of such a detector. Results of simulations of a high resolution scintillating fiber tracker show that such a detector is capable of determining the neutrino flux normalization with an uncertainty of less than 1% by measuring pure leptonic interactions. Reconstruction of the neutrino energy in each event and a flux estimation based on the shapes of the neutrino energy spectra are discussed. A full setup of the near detector, consisting of a high granularity vertex detector, high resolution tracker, and muon catcher is also presented. Finally, a method to extrapolate the measured near detector flux to the far detector is shown, demonstrating that it is able to extract the correct values of ?13 and the CP violation phase ? without any significant bias and with high accuracy.

  1. Direct neutrino mass measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thümmler, T.

    2011-07-01

    The determination of the neutrino rest mass plays an important role at the intersections of cosmology, particle physics and astroparticle physics. This topic is currently being addressed by two complementary approaches in laboratory experiments. Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments probe whether neutrinos are Majorana particles and determine an effective neutrino mass value. Single beta decay experiments such as KATRIN and MARE investigate the spectral shape of ?-decay electrons close to their kinematic endpoint in order to determine the neutrino rest mass with a model-independent method. Owing to neutrino flavour mixing, the neutrino mass parameter appears as an average of all neutrino mass eigenstates contributing to the electron neutrino. The KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino experiment (KATRIN) is currently the experiment in the most advanced status of commissioning. Applying an ultra-luminous molecular windowless gaseous tritium source and an integrating high-resolution spectrometer of MAC-E filter type, it allows ?-spectroscopy close to the T 2 end-point with unprecedented precision and will reach a sensitivity of 200 meV/ c 2 (90% C.L.) on the neutrino rest mass.

  2. Bäcklund transformations for new fourth Painlevé hierarchies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conde, J. M.; Gordoa, P. R.; Pickering, A.

    2014-03-01

    We consider a system of equations defined using the Hamiltonian operator of the Boussinesq hierarchy, as well as two successive modifications thereof. We are able to reduce the order of these three systems and give Bäcklund transformations between the integrated equations. We also give auto-Bäcklund transformations for the two modified systems. Particular cases of two of the three equations considered correspond to generalized fourth Painlevé hierarchies and are new; these are particular cases of the two modified systems. Thus we obtain auto-Bäcklund transformations for these new fourth Painlevé hierarchies, as well as Bäcklund transformations between our hierarchies. Our results on reduction of order are also applicable in this special case, and include as a particular example a reduction of order for the scaling similarity reduction of the Boussinesq equation, a result which, remarkably, seems not to have been given previously.

  3. Acquiring information about neutrino parameters by detecting supernova neutrinos

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Ming-Yang; Guo, Xin-Heng [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Young, Bing-Lin [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 5001 (United States); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2010-08-01

    We consider the supernova shock effects, the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein effects, the collective effects, and the Earth matter effects in the detection of type II supernova neutrinos on the Earth. It is found that the event number of supernova neutrinos depends on the neutrino mass hierarchy, the neutrino mixing angle {theta}{sub 13}, and neutrino masses. Therefore, we propose possible methods to identify the mass hierarchy and acquire information about {theta}{sub 13} and neutrino masses by detecting supernova neutrinos. We apply these methods to some current neutrino experiments.

  4. Fourth High Alpha Conference, volume 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The goal of the Fourth High Alpha Conference was to focus on the flight validation of high angle-of-attack technologies and provide an in-depth review of the latest high angle-of-attack activities. Areas that were covered include: high angle-of-attack aerodynamics, propulsion and inlet dynamics, thrust vectoring, control laws and handling qualities, tactical utility, and forebody controls.

  5. Fourth-generation Mars vehicle concepts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brent Sherwood

    1994-01-01

    Conceptual designs for fourth-generation crew-carrying Mars transfer and excursion vehicles, fully integrated to state-of-the-art standards, are presented. The resulting vehicle concepts are sized for six crew members, and can support all opposition and conjunction opportunities in or after 2014. The modular, reusable transfer ship is launched to Earth orbit on six 185-ton-class boosters and assembled there robotically. Its dual nuclear-thermal

  6. Applications for Fourth Generation Optical Storage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schlesinger, Tuviah; Krogh, Bruce; Chen, Tsuhan

    2009-03-01

    Optical data storage includes inexpensive, removable, easily replicated medium. Thus, optical data storage is a technology first and foremost suited for content distribution. Only applications requiring the distribution of large data sets will require this technology. We suggest that large databases that would need to be distributed to users implementing storage-based computing systems for various applications including machine translation, object detection and system control could drive the need for fourth generation optical data storage.

  7. Fourth High Alpha Conference, volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The goal of the Fourth High Alpha Conference, held at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center on July 12-14, 1994, was to focus on the flight validation of high angle of attack technologies and provide an in-depth review of the latest high angle of attack activities. Areas that were covered include high angle of attack aerodynamics, propulsion and inlet dynamics, thrust vectoring, control laws and handling qualities, and tactical utility.

  8. ? Parameter Constraints on Fourth Generation Quark Masses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barger, V.; Hewett, J. L.; Rizzo, T. G.

    Constraints on the masses of possible fourth generation quarks (a, ?) are obtained from measurements of the ? parameter and the elements of the quark mixing matrix. Stringent mass limits are found when the off-diagonal elements Vt? and Vab are large. For example, with mt=90 GeV and |Vt?|?0.5 we find ma,v? 300 GeV. Stronger constraints are obtained as mt or |Vt?| increase.

  9. Multistep cascading and fourth-harmonic generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrey A. Sukhorukov; Tristram J. Alexander; Yuri S. Kivshar

    2001-01-01

    A concept of multistep cascading is applied to the problem of fourth-harmonic generation (FHG) in a single quadratic crystal, and a new model of parametric wave mixing is analyzed in detail. Important applications to the optical frequency division and efficient FHG as well as the realization of the double-phase-matching multistep cascading processes in engineered QPM structures with phase-reversal sequences are

  10. Phase effects in the cascade generation of the fourth harmonic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. A. Tagiev; Sh. Sh. Amirov

    1992-01-01

    The cascade mechanism of fourth harmonic generation is investigated analytically using the approximation of specified intensity, with allowance made for the reverse response of the fourth harmonic to the fundamental emission phase. It is shown that the efficiency of a cascade fourth harmonic oscillator can be substantially increased by selecting optimal crystal lengths.

  11. Solar neutrino detection

    SciTech Connect

    Miramonti, Lino [Physics department of Milano University and INFN (Italy)

    2009-04-30

    More than 40 years ago, neutrinos where conceived as a way to test the validity of the solar models which tell us that stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. The first measurement of the neutrino flux, in 1968 in the Homestake mine in South Dakota, detected only one third of the expected value, originating what has been known as the Solar Neutrino Problem. Different experiments were built in order to understand the origin of this discrepancy. Now we know that neutrinos undergo oscillation phenomenon changing their nature traveling from the core of the Sun to our detectors. In the work the 40 year long saga of the neutrino detection is presented; from the first proposals to test the solar models to last real time measurements of the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.

  12. Solar neutrino detection

    E-print Network

    Lino Miramonti

    2009-01-22

    More than 40 years ago, neutrinos where conceived as a way to test the validity of the solar models which tell us that stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. The first measurement of the neutrino flux, in 1968 in the Homestake mine in South Dakota, detected only one third of the expected value, originating what has been known as the Solar Neutrino Problem. Different experiments were built in order to understand the origin of this discrepancy. Now we know that neutrinos undergo oscillation phenomenon changing their nature traveling from the core of the Sun to our detectors. In the work the 40 year long saga of the neutrino detection is presented; from the first proposals to test the solar models to last real time measurements of the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.

  13. Neutrinos and Collider Physics

    E-print Network

    Frank F. Deppisch; P. S. Bhupal Dev; Apostolos Pilaftsis

    2015-03-09

    We review the collider phenomenology of neutrino physics and the synergetic aspects at energy, intensity and cosmic frontiers to test the new physics behind the neutrino mass mechanism. In particular, we focus on seesaw models within the minimal setup as well as with extended gauge and/or Higgs sectors, and on supersymmetric neutrino mass models with seesaw mechanism and with $R$-parity violation. In the simplest Type-I seesaw scenario with sterile neutrinos, we summarize and update the current experimental constraints on the sterile neutrino mass and its mixing with the active neutrinos. We also discuss the future experimental prospects of testing the seesaw mechanism at colliders and in related low-energy searches for rare processes, such as lepton flavor violation and neutrinoless double beta decay. The implications of the discovery of lepton number violation at the LHC for leptogenesis are also studied.

  14. Novel Ideas for Neutrino Beams

    SciTech Connect

    Peach, Ken [John Adams Institute for Accelerator Science, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Royal Holloway University of London, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)

    2007-04-23

    Recent developments in neutrino physics, primarily the demonstration of neutrino oscillations in both atmospheric neutrinos and solar neutrinos, provide the first conclusive evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. The simplest phenomenology of neutrino oscillations, for three generations of neutrino, requires six parameters - two squared mass differences, 3 mixing angles and a complex phase that could, if not 0 or {pi}, contribute to the otherwise unexplained baryon asymmetry observed in the universe. Exploring the neutrino sector will require very intense beams of neutrinos, and will need novel solutions.

  15. Neutrino oscillation studies with reactors.

    PubMed

    Vogel, P; Wen, L J; Zhang, C

    2015-01-01

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavours are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades, reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle ?13. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos. PMID:25913819

  16. Accelerator neutrino program at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect

    Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

    2010-05-01

    The accelerator neutrino programme in the USA consists primarily of the Fermilab neutrino programme. Currently, Fermilab operates two neutrino beamlines, the Booster neutrino beamline and the NuMI neutrino beamline and is the planning stages for a third neutrino beam to send neutrinos to DUSEL. The experiments in the Booster neutrino beamline are miniBooNE, SciBooNE and in the future microBooNE, whereas in the NuMI beamline we have MINOS, ArgoNut, MINERVA and coming soon NOvA. The major experiment in the beamline to DUSEL will be LBNE.

  17. Neutrino Oscillation Studies with Reactors

    E-print Network

    Vogel, Petr; Zhang, Chao

    2015-01-01

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective, and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavors are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos.

  18. Neutrino Oscillation Studies with Reactors

    E-print Network

    Petr Vogel; Liangjian Wen; Chao Zhang

    2015-04-27

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective, and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavors are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos.

  19. Neutrino oscillation studies with reactors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogel, P.; Wen, L. J.; Zhang, C.

    2015-04-01

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavours are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades, reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle ?13. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos.

  20. Neutrino oscillation studies with reactors

    PubMed Central

    Vogel, P.; Wen, L.J.; Zhang, C.

    2015-01-01

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavours are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades, reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle ?13. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos. PMID:25913819

  1. Neutrinos in Cosmology

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, Yvonne Y. Y. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut) Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Munich (Germany)

    2008-01-24

    I give an overview of the effects of neutrinos on cosmology, focussing in particular on the role played by neutrinos in the evolution of cosmological perturbations. I discuss how recent observations of the cosmic microwave background and the large-scale structure of galaxies can probe neutrino masses with greater precision than current laboratory experiments. I describe several new techniques that will be used to probe cosmology in the future.

  2. Neutrinos: Nature's Ghosts?

    ScienceCinema

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-12

    Dr. Don Lincoln introduces one of the most fascinating inhabitants of the subatomic realm: the neutrino. Neutrinos are ghosts of the microworld, almost not interacting at all. In this video, he describes some of their properties and how they were discovered. Studies of neutrinos are expected to be performed at many laboratories across the world and to form one of the cornerstones of the Fermilab research program for the next decade or more.

  3. Neutrino masses and SO10 unification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minkowski, P.

    2015-06-01

    We present the embedding of the SM gauge group in SO10, a simple, compact unifying gauge group, with each of the three basic spin 1/2 families forming a unitary, irreducible 16-dimensional representation of spin10, which is complex, i.e. chiral. Subtle differences to the mixed representations of SU5, contained in the SO10 scheme, are pointed out. These have consequences for neutrino flavors, which become paired in a light SU2L-active doublet mode and a heavy SM singlet mode, one ?, 𝒩-pair per family.

  4. Solar atmosphere neutrino oscillations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fogli, G. L.; Lisi, E.; Mirizzi, A.; Montanino, D.; Serpico, P. D.

    2007-06-01

    The Sun is a source of high energy neutrinos (E>10 GeV) produced by cosmic ray interactions in the solar atmosphere. We study the impact of three-flavor oscillations on the solar atmosphere neutrino fluxes observable at Earth. We find that peculiar matter oscillation effects in the Sun do exist, but are significantly suppressed by averaging over the production region and over the neutrino and antineutrino components. In particular, the relation between the neutrino fluxes at the Sun and at the Earth can be approximately expressed in terms of phase-averaged “vacuum” oscillations, dominated by a single mixing parameter (the angle ?).

  5. Solar atmosphere neutrino oscillations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fogli, G. L.; Lisi, E.; Mirizzi, A.; Montanino, D.; Serpico, P. D.

    2008-07-01

    The Sun is a source of high energy neutrinos (E > 10 GeV) produced by cosmic ray interactions in the solar atmosphere. We study the impact of three-flavor oscillations on the solar atmosphere neutrino fluxes observable at Earth. We find that peculiar matter oscillation effects in the Sun do exist, but are significantly suppressed by averaging over the production region and over the neutrino and antineutrino components. In particular, the relation between the neutrino fluxes at the Sun and at the Earth can be approximately expressed in terms of phase-averaged 'vacuum' oscillations, dominated by a single mixing parameter (the angle ?23).

  6. Baryogenesis via neutrino oscillations

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov; V. A. Rubakov; A. Yu. Smirnov

    1998-07-29

    We propose a new mechanism of leptogenesis in which the asymmetries in lepton numbers are produced through the CP-violating oscillations of ``sterile'' (electroweak singlet) neutrinos. The asymmetry is communicated from singlet neutrinos to ordinary leptons through their Yukawa couplings. The lepton asymmetry is then reprocessed into baryon asymmetry by electroweak sphalerons. We show that the observed value of baryon asymmetry can be generated in this way, and the masses of ordinary neutrinos induced by the seesaw mechanism are in the astrophysically and cosmologically interesting range. Except for singlet neutrinos, no physics beyond the Standard Model is required.

  7. The sudbury neutrino observatory

    SciTech Connect

    Lesko, K.T. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, CA (United States)

    1995-04-01

    The solar neutrino problem has been the focus of four major experiments during the past several decades. The Homestake Mine, SAGE and GALLEX experiments rely on radiochemical observation of a small number of neutrino generated atoms. Kamiokande revolutionized the observation of solar neutrinos by developing a real-time water Cerenkov detector. Recently, the calibration of the GALLEX experiment by a man-made neutrino source has invigorated interest in this long standing discrepancy between observed neutrino flux and solar models. The next generation of detectors is now under construction. The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is 1000 tonne heavy water Cerenkov detector. The siting of the experiment more than 2000 meters below ground, its enhanced event rate, and the unique neutral current sensitivity of its heavy water target provide SNO with an excellent opportunity to detect neutrino flavor changes. Observation of the spectral shape of the charge current reaction may provide crucial information regarding matter-enhanced neutrino oscillations. The construction of SNO is now well underway. First signals are anticipated in 1996. The solar neutrino problem is reviewed and the outlook for SNO is presented.

  8. Solar atmosphere neutrino oscillations

    SciTech Connect

    Fogli, G.L.; Lisi, E.; Mirizzi, A.; /INFN, Bari; Montanino, D.; /INFN, Lecce; Serpico, P.D.; /Fermilab

    2007-02-01

    The Sun is a source of high energy neutrinos (E > 10 GeV) produced by cosmic ray interactions in the solar atmosphere. We study the impact of three-flavor oscillations on the solar atmosphere neutrino fluxes observable at Earth. We find that peculiar matter oscillation effects in the Sun do exist, but are significantly suppressed by averaging over the production region and over the neutrino and antineutrino components. In particular, the relation between the neutrino fluxes at the Sun and at the Earth can be approximately expressed in terms of phase-averaged ''vacuum'' oscillations, dominated by a single mixing parameter (the angle {theta}{sub 23}).

  9. The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simpson, J. J.

    2001-04-01

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a large, underground heavywater Cerenkov detector which has been designed and built primarily to solve the solar neutrino problem, the shortfall in the flux of neutrinos coming from the sun relative to the best solar model predictions. As discussed in previous talks in this symposium, the neutrino flux shortfall occurs in all previous experiments which were sensitive to different energy thresholds for solar neutrinos - the gallium experiments, the chlorine experiment, and the water Cerenkov experiments. And furthermore, the shortfall seems to be a result which is independent of physicallyplausible changes in the standard solar model, changes which are consistent with helioseismological results. Because it seems to be impossible to modify the standard solar model to account for all aspects of the neutrino flux shortfall, the explanation would seem to be connected to properties of neutrinos. The favored explanation, discussed previously in this symposium by Bahcall, is neutrino-flavour oscillations; this explanation has already been successfully invoked to explain the results on atmosphere muon neutrinos obtained by Superamiokande (see H. Sobel, this symposium)...

  10. Molybdenum solar neutrino experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Wolfsberg, K.; Cowan, G.A.; Bryant, E.A.; Daniels, K.S.; Downey, S.W.; Haxton, W.C.; Niesen, V.G.; Nogar, N.S.; Miller, C.M.; Rokop, D.J.

    1984-01-01

    The goal of the molybdenum solar neutrino experiment is to deduce the /sup 8/B solar neutrino flux, averaged over the past several million years, from the concentration of /sup 98/Tc in a deeply buried molybdenum deposit. The experiment is important to an understanding of stellar processes because it will shed light on the reason for the discrepancy between theory and observation of the chlorine solar neutrino experiment. Possible reasons for the discrepancy may lie in the properties of neutrinos (neutrino oscillations or massive neutrinos) or in deficiencies of the standard solar model. The chlorine experiment only measures the /sup 8/B neutrino flux in current times and does not address possible temporal variations in the interior of the sun, which are also not considered in the standard model. In the molybdenum experiment, we plan to measure /sup 98/Tc (4.2 Myr), also produced by /sup 8/B neutrinos, and possibly /sup 97/Tc (2.6 Myr), produced by lower energy neutrinos.

  11. Neutrino Models and Leptogenesis

    E-print Network

    Law, Sandy S C

    2008-01-01

    Neutrino properties can play a crucial role in determining the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe if thermal leptogenesis is the correct solution to the baryogenesis problem. Owing to this, the study of neutrino models goes beyond the mere purpose of generating tiny neutrino masses, and it is natural to incorporate the puzzle of the cosmic baryon asymmetry. To this end, we have investigated several different extensions of the neutrino model based on the type I seesaw mechanism with particular emphasis on their leptogenesis implications.

  12. Neutrino Models and Leptogenesis

    E-print Network

    Sandy S. C. Law

    2009-01-09

    Neutrino properties can play a crucial role in determining the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe if thermal leptogenesis is the correct solution to the baryogenesis problem. Owing to this, the study of neutrino models goes beyond the mere purpose of generating tiny neutrino masses, and it is natural to incorporate the puzzle of the cosmic baryon asymmetry. To this end, we have investigated several different extensions of the neutrino model based on the type I seesaw mechanism with particular emphasis on their leptogenesis implications.

  13. Solar Neutrinos: Where We Are, Where We Are Going

    E-print Network

    John N. Bahcall

    1994-04-28

    There are four important facts about solar neutrinos. They are listed in order of importance in this abstract and discussed more in the text of the talk. First, solar neutrinos have been detected in four experiments with approximately the energies and fluxes predicted by the standard solar model, confirming the hypothesis that the energy source for the solar luminosity is the fusion of light elements. Second, the measured event rates are significantl less than the event rates predicted by the combined standard solar and electroweak models in all four experiments. Third, a comparison of the event rates measured in the chlorine experiment (threshold 0.8 Mev) and the neutrino-electron scattering experiment (Kamiokande II, threshold 7.5 MeV) indicates that the deficiency of electron-type neutrinos at the earth is energy dependent, if the rates and the uncertainties in both experiments have been correctly understood. The inference that the deficiency is energy-dependent conflicts with the simplest version of standard electroweak theory. Fourth, experiments are being constructed that have the capabilities to determine conclusively if new neutrino physics is required.

  14. Family Folklore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotkin, Amy J.; Baker, Holly C.

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the Family Folklore Program of the Smithsonian Institution's annual Festival of American Folklife, in which the whole family can be involved in tracing family history through story telling, photographs, etc. (MS)

  15. High Energy Neutrinos with a Mediterranean Neutrino Telescope

    SciTech Connect

    Borriello, E.; /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /Valencia U., IFIC; Cuoco, A.; /Aarhus U.; Mangano, G.; /Naples U. /INFN, Naples; Miele, G.; /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /Valencia U.,; Pastor, Sergio; /Valencia U., IFIC; Pisanti, O.; /Naples U. /INFN, Naples; Serpico, Pasquale Dario; /Fermilab

    2007-09-01

    The high energy neutrino detection by a km{sup 3} Neutrino Telescope placed in the Mediterranean sea provides a unique tool to both determine the diffuse astrophysical neutrino flux and the neutrino nucleon cross section in the extreme kinematical region, which could unveil the presence of new physics. Here is performed a brief analysis of possible NEMO site performances.

  16. On the collapse in fourth order gravities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Núñez, B. Montes; Cembranos, J. A. R.; de la Cruz-Dombriz, A.

    2012-07-01

    The gravitational collapse in fourth order theories of gravity defined by an arbitrary action of the scalar curvature shows significant deviations with General Relativity. The presence of a new scalar mode produces a higher initial contraction that favors the reduction of the collapsing time. However, depending on the particular model, there are fundamental differences when the modifications to the General Relativity collapse leave the linear regime. These analyses can be used to exclude an important region of the parameter space associated with alternative gravitational models.

  17. Cosmological neutrino mass detection: The Best probe of neutrino lifetime

    SciTech Connect

    Serpico, Pasquale D.; /Fermilab

    2007-01-01

    Future cosmological data may be sensitive to the effects of a finite sum of neutrino masses even as small as {approx}0.06 eV, the lower limit guaranteed by neutrino oscillation experiments. We show that a cosmological detection of neutrino mass at that level would improve by many orders of magnitude the existing limits on neutrino lifetime, and as a consequence on neutrino secret interactions with (quasi-)massless particles as in majoron models. On the other hand, neutrino decay may provide a way-out to explain a discrepancy {approx}< 0.1 eV between cosmic neutrino bounds and Lab data.

  18. Neutrino Nuclear Responses for Neutrino Studies in Nuclear Femto Laboratories

    SciTech Connect

    Ejiri, Hiroyasu [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Nuclear Science, Czech Technical University, Brehova, Prague (Czech Republic)

    2010-11-24

    Fundamental properties of neutrinos and neutrino nuclear interactions are of great interest from particle and astro-nuclear physics view points. They are well studied in nuclear femto laboratories, where neutrino nuclear responses are crucial. Neutrino masses and neutrino natures are studied by neutrino-less double beta decays (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) in nuclei. Here neutrino nuclear responses are required to extract neutrino properties from 0{nu}{beta}{beta} rates. Neutrino nuclear responses are sensitive to nuclear spin isospin correlations and nuclear structures. They are experimentally studied by nuclear probes for charge exchange nuclear reactions, photon EM probes for photo-nuclear reactions, and lepton probes for muon and neutrino capture reactions.

  19. Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis and arthropathy: a family study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R Proops; S H Green

    1981-01-01

    A family is described in which three children have neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis and two of them also have an arthropathy. Clinically the children have the late infantile form but pathological evidence shows the recognised overlap with the juvenile form. A fourth child with joint involvement but with normal skin biopsies is described. It is suggested that this family have a

  20. Research in Family and Consumer Sciences Education, 1985-2000

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sue Couch; Ginny Felstehausen

    2001-01-01

    This review addresses significant events that have influenced research in family and consumer sciences education, major publication outlets, leading researchers, problems studied, methodologies used, and a summary of thesis and dissertation research completed from 1985 to 1999. Nearly three fourths of the 237 research articles reviewed were published in the Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Research topics focused

  1. Charm physics with neutrinos

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giovanni De Lellis; Pasquale Migliozzi; Pietro Santorelli

    2004-01-01

    High energy neutrino interactions induce charmed hadron production at the level of a few percent and therefore they constitute a powerful tool to study charm physics. After 30 years of investigations with different neutrino beams and different detection techniques, important results have been achieved while other topics still need to be clarified. Recently, relevant results have been reported by several

  2. Radiochemical solar neutrino experiments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. N. Gavrin; B. T. Cleveland

    2007-01-01

    Radiochemical experiments have been crucial to solar neutrino research. Even today, they provide the only direct measurement of the rate of the proton-proton fusion reaction, p + p --> d + e^+ + nu_e, which generates most of the Sun's energy. We first give a little history of radiochemical solar neutrino experiments with emphasis on the gallium experiment SAGE --

  3. Submarine neutrino communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick Huber

    2010-01-01

    We discuss the possibility to use a high energy neutrino beam from a muon storage ring to provide one way communication with a submerged submarine. Neutrino interactions produce muons which can be detected either, directly when they pass through the submarine or by their emission of Cerenkov light in sea water, which, in turn, can be exploited with sensitive photo

  4. Neutrinos for Peace

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cribier, M.

    2015-04-01

    The fundamental knowledge on neutrinos acquired in the recent years open the possibility of applied neutrino physics. Among it the automatic and non intrusive monitoring of nuclear reactor by its antineutrino signal could be very valuable to IAEA in charge of the control of nuclear power plants. Several efforts worldwide have already started.

  5. Monte Carlo Neutrino Oscillations

    E-print Network

    James P. Kneller; Gail C. McLaughlin

    2005-09-29

    We demonstrate that the effects of matter upon neutrino propagation may be recast as the scattering of the initial neutrino wavefunction. Exchanging the differential, Schrodinger equation for an integral equation for the scattering matrix S permits a Monte Carlo method for the computation of S that removes many of the numerical difficulties associated with direct integration techniques.

  6. Neutrinos -- Going to extremes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John F. Wilkerson

    2008-01-01

    Like the Southeastern Section of the APS, neutrinos are also septuagenarians, having been ``born'' in 1930 as a means of solving the apparent violation of energy and angular momentum in nuclear beta-decay. Because of their elusive nature, we have had a limited grasp of their intrinsic properties. However, in the past decade our understanding of neutrinos and their role in

  7. Youth Violence: Examining the Role of the Federal Government and Nongovernment Organizations in Establishing Solutions for Combatting Juvenile Crime. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Children and Families of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Subcommittee on Children and Families.

    A hearing was held before the Senate Subcommittee on Children and Families of the Committee on Labor and Human Relations to discuss possible solutions to the problem of juvenile crime. An opening statement by parents whose young child was murdered by an adolescent set the scene for the panel discussion that followed. James Fox, a professor of…

  8. Gauge Theory Model of the Neutrino and New Physics Beyond the Standard Model

    E-print Network

    Yue-Liang Wu

    2012-03-05

    Majorana features of neutrinos and SO(3) gauge symmetry of three families enable us to construct a gauge model of neutrino for understanding naturally the observed smallness of neutrino masses and the nearly tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing when combining together with the mechanism of approximate global U(1) family symmetry. The vacuum structure of SO(3) symmetry breaking is found to play an important role. The mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ and CP-violating phases governed by the vacuum of spontaneous symmetry breaking are in general non-zero and testable experimentally at the allowed sensitivity. The model predicts the existence of vector-like SO(3) triplet charged leptons and vector-like SO(3) triplet Majorana neutrinos as well as SO(3) tri-triplet Higgs bosons, some of them can be light and explored at the colliders LHC and ILC.

  9. Effects of morphological Family Size for young readers.

    PubMed

    Perdijk, Kors; Schreuder, Robert; Baayen, R Harald; Verhoeven, Ludo

    2012-09-01

    Dutch children, from the second and fourth grade of primary school, were each given a visual lexical decision test on 210 Dutch monomorphemic words. After removing words not recognized by a majority of the younger group, (lexical) decisions were analysed by mixed-model regression methods to see whether morphological Family Size influenced decision times over and above several other covariates. The effect of morphological Family Size on decision time was mixed: larger families led to significantly faster decision times for the second graders but not for the fourth graders. Since facilitative effects on decision times had been found for adults, we offer a developmental account to explain the absence of an effect of Family Size on decision times for fourth graders. PMID:22882372

  10. The ANTARES Neutrino Telescope

    E-print Network

    Chiara Perrina

    2015-05-01

    At about 40 km off the coast of Toulon (France), anchored at 2475 m deep in the Mediterranean Sea, there is ANTARES: the first undersea neutrino telescope and the only one currently operating. The detector consists of 885 photomultiplier tubes arranged into 12 strings of 450-metres high, with the aim to detect the Cherenkov light induced by the charged superluminal interaction products of neutrinos. Its main scientific target is the search for high-energy (TeV and beyond) neutrinos from cosmic accelerators, as predicted by hadronic interaction models, and the measurement of the cosmic neutrino diffuse flux, focusing in particular on events coming from below the horizon (up-going events) in order to significantly reduce the atmospheric muons background. Thanks to the development of a strategy for the identification of neutrinos coming from above the horizon (down-going events) the field of view of the telescope will be extended.

  11. The ANTARES Neutrino Telescope

    E-print Network

    Perrina, Chiara

    2015-01-01

    At about 40 km off the coast of Toulon (France), anchored at 2475 m deep in the Mediterranean Sea, there is ANTARES: the first undersea neutrino telescope and the only one currently operating. The detector consists of 885 photomultiplier tubes arranged into 12 strings of 450-metres high, with the aim to detect the Cherenkov light induced by the charged superluminal interaction products of neutrinos. Its main scientific target is the search for high-energy (TeV and beyond) neutrinos from cosmic accelerators, as predicted by hadronic interaction models, and the measurement of the cosmic neutrino diffuse flux, focusing in particular on events coming from below the horizon (up-going events) in order to significantly reduce the atmospheric muons background. Thanks to the development of a strategy for the identification of neutrinos coming from above the horizon (down-going events) the field of view of the telescope will be extended.

  12. Neutrino mass hierarchy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qian, X.; Vogel, P.

    2015-07-01

    The neutrino mass hierarchy, i.e., whether the ?3 neutrino mass eigenstate is heavier or lighter than the ?1 and ?2 mass eigenstates, is one of the remaining undetermined fundamental features of the neutrino Standard Model. Its determination would represent an important step in the formulation of the generalized model, and would have a profound impact on the quest of the nature of neutrinos (Dirac or Majorana) and the search for a theory of flavor. In this review, we summarize the status of experimental and theoretical work in this field and explore the future opportunities that emerge in light of the recently discovered non-zero and relatively large third neutrino mixing angle ?13.

  13. Topics in neutrino and gravitational astrophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ratkovic, Sasa

    A wide range of astrophysical phenomena are significantly influenced by weak interaction processes that involve the emission or absorption of neutrinos in matter at high density and/or temperature. Examples include red giant stars, white dwarfs, neutron stars, type la and type II (core-collapse) supernovae, and accretion disks of gamma-ray bursters. Depending on the density and temperature of ambient matter, the emission of neutrinos is an important energy-loss mechanism, whereas their scattering and absorption serve to deposit energy into matter. Detailed neutrino transport in such environments is described by the Boltzmann transport equation; its solution requires the corresponding kernels in the source term. In this work the neutrino production and absorption kernels for the plasma and photo neutrino processes together with their differential and total rates are derived. Full information about the emitted neutrinos was retained by evaluating the squared matrix elements for this process which was hitherto bypassed in obtaining the total neutrino emissivities. Numerical results for various temperatures and densities are provided. Approximate analytical results helpful in understanding the qualitative behaviors in limiting situations are also given. Binary mergers involving black holes and neutron stars have been proposed as major sources of gravitational waves, r-process nucleosynthesis, and gamma ray bursters. In addition, they represent an important observable that could distinguish between normal and self-bound neutron stars. These two families of stars have distinctly different mass-radius relationships resulting from their equations of state. We show how these differences are revealed during their mergers. Our analysis is performed at increasing levels of approximation for the gravitational potential: (i) Newtonian potential, (ii) pseudo-GR potentials, and (iii) the second order post-Newtonian analysis. These potentials are employed to study both the evolution of the binary and to describe the Roche lobe geometry that determines when and if mass transfer between the components begins. The Roche lobe problem with any pseudo-relativistic or post-Newtonian potential has not heretofore been considered. Our findings indicate possibly detectable differences between the two families of stars. The imprint of microphysics on the frequency and the amplitude of their gravitational signature is persistent and reveals a strong contrast between them.

  14. Astroparticle physics with solar neutrinos.

    PubMed

    Nakahata, Masayuki

    2011-01-01

    Solar neutrino experiments observed fluxes smaller than the expectations from the standard solar model. This discrepancy is known as the "solar neutrino problem". Flux measurements by Super-Kamiokande and SNO have demonstrated that the solar neutrino problem is due to neutrino oscillations. Combining the results of all solar neutrino experiments, parameters for solar neutrino oscillations are obtained. Correcting for the effect of neutrino oscillations, the observed neutrino fluxes are consistent with the prediction from the standard solar model. In this article, results of solar neutrino experiments are reviewed with detailed descriptions of what Kamiokande and Super-Kamiokande have contributed to the history of astroparticle physics with solar neutrino measurements. (Communicated by Toshimitsu Yamazaki, M.J.A.). PMID:21558758

  15. Fourth Wes Fabb Oration Diversity of primary care in Asia Pacific: pathways to convergence

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Asia Pacific is one of the 6 regions of the World Organization of Family Doctors (Wonca). It is a region with 16 full and 2 associate members coming from 14 countries. One of the main activities in the region is the regional conference highlighted by the Wes Fabb Oration. This Fourth Wes Fabb Oration has a historical perspective and three main parts: the results of a cross sectional survey done among member organizations and three countries not affiliated yet with Wonca which show Family Medicine as to status, practice, education and research; the regional initiatives and activities which indicate convergence; and, suggested action points which can further promote family medicine development, collaboration, and convergence. PMID:20346130

  16. Family Privilege

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seita, John R.

    2014-01-01

    Family privilege is defined as "strengths and supports gained through primary caring relationships." A generation ago, the typical family included two parents and a bevy of kids living under one roof. Now, every variation of blended caregiving qualifies as family. But over the long arc of human history, a real family was a…

  17. Neutrino-neutrino interactions in a supernova and their effect on neutrino flavor conversions

    SciTech Connect

    Dighe, Amol [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)

    2011-11-23

    The neutrino-neutrino interactions inside a supernova core give rise to nonlinear collective effects that significantly influence the neutrino flavor conversions inside the star. I shall describe these interactions, the new oscillation phenomena they generate, and their effect on the neutrino fluxes arriving at the earth.

  18. Tau Neutrinos Favored over Sterile Neutrinos in Atmospheric Muon Neutrino Oscillations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Fukuda; Y. Fukuda; M. Ishitsuka; Y. Itow; T. Kajita; J. Kameda; K. Kaneyuki; K. Kobayashi; Y. Koshio; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; S. Nakayama; Y. Obayashi; A. Okada; K. Okumura; N. Sakurai; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; H. Takeuchi; Y. Takeuchi; T. Toshito; Y. Totsuka; S. Yamada; M. Earl; A. Habig; E. Kearns; M. D. Messier; K. Scholberg; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; C. W. Walter; M. Goldhaber; T. Barszczak; D. Casper; W. Gajewski; W. R. Kropp; S. Mine; L. R. Price; M. Smy; H. W. Sobel; M. R. Vagins; K. S. Ganezer; W. E. Keig; R. W. Ellsworth; S. Tasaka; A. Kibayashi; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; D. Takemori; Y. Hayato; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; K. Nakamura; Y. Oyama; A. Sakai; M. Sakuda; O. Sasaki; M. Kohama; A. T. Suzuki; T. Inagaki; K. Nishikawa; T. J. Haines; E. Blaufuss; B. K. Kim; R. Sanford; R. Svoboda; M. L. Chen; J. A. Goodman; G. Guillian; G. W. Sullivan; J. Hill; C. K. Jung; K. Martens; M. Malek; C. Mauger; C. McGrew; E. Sharkey; B. Viren; C. Yanagisawa; M. Kirisawa; S. Inaba; C. Mitsuda; K. Miyano; H. Okazawa; C. Saji; M. Takahashi; M. Takahata; Y. Nagashima; K. Nitta; M. Takita; M. Yoshida; S. B. Kim; T. Ishizuka; M. Etoh; Y. Gando; T. Hasegawa; K. Inoue; K. Ishihara; T. Maruyama; J. Shirai; M. Koshiba; Y. Hatakeyama; Y. Ichikawa; M. Koike; K. Nishijima; H. Fujiyasu; H. Ishino; M. Morii; Y. Watanabe; U. Golebiewska; D. Kielczewska; S. C. Boyd; A. L. Stachyra; R. J. Wilkes; K. K. Young

    2000-01-01

    The previously published atmospheric neutrino data did not distinguish whether muon neutrinos were oscillating into tau neutrinos or sterile neutrinos, as both hypotheses fit the data. Using data recorded in 1100 live days of the Super-Kamiokande detector, we use three complementary data samples to study the difference in zenith angle distribution due to neutral currents and matter effects. We find

  19. Overview of Neutrino Mixing Models and Their Mixing Angle Predictions

    SciTech Connect

    Albright, Carl H.

    2009-11-01

    An overview of neutrino-mixing models is presented with emphasis on the types of horizontal flavor and vertical family symmetries that have been invoked. Distributions for the mixing angles of many models are displayed. Ways to differentiate among the models and to narrow the list of viable models are discussed.

  20. Extended evolution equations for neutrino propagation in astrophysical and cosmological environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Volpe, Cristina; Väänänen, Daavid; Espinoza, Catalina

    2013-06-01

    We derive the evolution equations for a system of neutrinos interacting among themselves and with a matter background, based upon the Bogoliubov-Born-Green-Kirkwood-Yvon hierarchy. This theoretical framework gives an (unclosed) set of first-order coupled integro-differential equations governing the evolution of the reduced density matrices. By employing the hierarchy, we first rederive the mean-field evolution equations for the neutrino one-body density matrix associated with a system of neutrinos and antineutrinos interacting with matter and with an anisotropic neutrino background. Then, we derive extended evolution equations to determine neutrino flavor conversion beyond the commonly used mean-field approximation. To this aim we include neutrino-antineutrino pairing correlations to the two-body density matrix. The inclusion of these new contributions leads to an extended evolution equation for the normal neutrino density and to an equation for the abnormal one involving the pairing mean field. We discuss the possible impact of neutrino-antineutrino correlations on neutrino flavor conversion in the astrophysical and cosmological environments, and possibly upon the supernova dynamics. Our results can be easily generalized to an arbitrary number of neutrino families.

  1. A Fourth Order Scheme for Incompressible Boussinesq Equations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jian-guo Liu; Cheng Wang; Hans Johnston

    2003-01-01

    A fourth order finite difference method is presented for the 2D unsteady viscous incompressible Boussinesq equations in vorticity-stream function formulation. The method is especially suitable for moderate to large Reynolds number flows. The momentum equation is discretized by a compact fourth order scheme with the no-slip boundary condition enforced using a local vorticity boundary condition. Fourth order long-stencil discretizations are

  2. Absolute neutrino mass measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Wolf, Joachim [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), IEKP, Postfach 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2011-10-06

    The neutrino mass plays an important role in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. In recent years the detection of neutrino flavour oscillations proved that neutrinos carry mass. However, oscillation experiments are only sensitive to the mass-squared difference of the mass eigenvalues. In contrast to cosmological observations and neutrino-less double beta decay (0v2{beta}) searches, single {beta}-decay experiments provide a direct, model-independent way to determine the absolute neutrino mass by measuring the energy spectrum of decay electrons at the endpoint region with high accuracy.Currently the best kinematic upper limits on the neutrino mass of 2.2eV have been set by two experiments in Mainz and Troitsk, using tritium as beta emitter. The next generation tritium {beta}-experiment KATRIN is currently under construction in Karlsruhe/Germany by an international collaboration. KATRIN intends to improve the sensitivity by one order of magnitude to 0.2eV. The investigation of a second isotope ({sup 137}Rh) is being pursued by the international MARE collaboration using micro-calorimeters to measure the beta spectrum. The technology needed to reach 0.2eV sensitivity is still in the R and D phase. This paper reviews the present status of neutrino-mass measurements with cosmological data, 0v2{beta} decay and single {beta}-decay.

  3. Neutrino Factory Superbeam

    E-print Network

    Patrick Huber; Walter Winter

    2007-06-19

    We discuss the optimization of a neutrino factory for large \\sin^2 2 \\theta_{13}, where we assume minimum effort on the accelerator side. This implies that we use low muon energies for the price of an optimized detection system. We demonstrate that such a neutrino factory performs excellent if combined with the electron neutrino appearance channel. Instead of the platinum channel operated with the muon neutrinos from the muon decays, we propose to use the initial superbeam from the decaying pions and kaons, which might be utilized at little extra effort. Since we assume out-of-phase bunches arriving at the same detector, we do not require electron charge identification. In addition, we can choose the proton energy such that we obtain a synergistic spectrum peaking at lower energies. We find that both the superbeam and the neutrino factory beam should used at the identical baseline to reduce matter density uncertainties, possibly with the same detector. This effectively makes the configuration a single experiment, which we call ``neutrino factory superbeam''. We demonstrate that this experiment outperforms a low-energy neutrino factory or a wide band beam alone beyond a simple addition of statistics.

  4. Neutrino mass spectrum with ?? -->?s oscillations of atmospheric neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Q. Y.; Smirnov, A. Yu.

    1998-08-01

    We consider the ``standard'' spectrum of the active neutrinos (characterized by strong mass hierarchy and small mixing) with additional sterile neutrino, ?s. The sterile neutrino mixes strongly with the muon neutrino, so that ?? <-->?s oscillations solve the atmospheric neutrino problem. We show that the parametric enhancement of the ?? <-->?s oscillations occurs for the high energy atmospheric neutrinos which cross the core of the Earth. This can be relevant for the anomaly observed by the MACRO experiment. Solar neutrinos are converted both to ?? and ?s. The heaviest neutrino (~??) may compose the hot dark matter of the Universe. The phenomenology of this scenario is elaborated and crucial experimental signatures are identified. We also discuss properties of the underlying neutrino mass matrix.

  5. Cosmic Neutrino Flavor Democracy and Unitarity Violation at Neutrino Telescopes

    E-print Network

    Xing, Zhi-zhong

    2008-01-01

    Provided ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrinos are produced from the decays of charged pions arising from proton-proton and (or) proton-gamma collisions, their flavor ratios at a neutrino telescope will be \\phi^T_e : \\phi^T_\\mu : \\phi^T_\\tau \\approx 1 : 1 : 1. We show that the exact flavor democracy can occur if the unitary neutrino mixing matrix satisfies either \\theta_13 = 0 and \\theta_{23} = \\pi/4 (CP invariance) or \\delta= \\pm \\pi/2 and \\theta_{23} = \\pi/4 (CP violation) in the standard parametrization. Allowing for slight deviations from either condition, we calculate the corresponding neutrino flavor distribution at neutrino telescopes. If the neutrino mixing matrix is non-unitary, as expected in a class of seesaw models with TeV-scale Majorana neutrinos, we demonstrate that the effect of unitarity violation on the flavor democracy of cosmic neutrinos at neutrino telescopes can be as large as several percent.

  6. Nonzero ?13 and Neutrino Masses from Modified Neutrino Mixing Matrix

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damanik, Asan

    2012-06-01

    The nonzero and relatively large ?13 have been reported by Daya Bay, T2K, MINOS and Double Chooz Collaborations. In order to accommodate the nonzero ?13, we modified the tribimaximal (TB), bimaxima (BM) and democratic (DC) neutrino mixing matrices. From three modified neutrino mixing matrices, two of them (the modified BM and DC mixing matrices) can give nonzero ?13 which is compatible with the result of the Daya Bay and T2K experiments. The modified TB neutrino mixing matrix predicts the value of ?13 which is greater than the upper bound value of the latest experimental results. By using the modified neutrino mixing matrices and imposing an additional assumption that neutrino mass matrices have two zeros texture, we then obtain the neutrino mass in normal hierarchy when (M?)22 = (M?)33 = 0 for the neutrino mass matrix from the modified TB neutrino mixing matrix and (M?)11 = (M?)13 = 0 for the neutrino mass matrix from the modified DC neutrino mixing matrix. For these two patterns of neutrino mass matrices, either the atmospheric mass squared difference or the solar mass squared difference can be obtained, but not both of them simultaneously. From four patterns of two zeros texture to be considered on the obtained neutrino mass matrix from the modified BM neutrino mixing matrix, none of them can correctly predict the neutrino mass spectrum (normal or inverted hierarchy).

  7. Fourth-generation Mars vehicle concepts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sherwood, Brent

    1994-09-01

    Conceptual designs for fourth-generation crew-carrying Mars transfer and excursion vehicles, fully integrated to state-of-the-art standards, are presented. The resulting vehicle concepts are sized for six crew members, and can support all opposition and conjunction opportunities in or after 2014. The modular, reusable transfer ship is launched to Earth orbit on six 185-ton-class boosters and assembled there robotically. Its dual nuclear-thermal rocket engines use liquid hydrogen propollant. The payload consists of a microgravity habitation system and an expendable lift-to-drag = 1.6 lander capable of aeromaneuvering to sites within +/- 20 deg of the equator. This lander can deliver either an expendable, storable-bipropellant crew-carrying ascent vehicle, or 40 tons of cargo, and it is capable of limited surface mobility to support base buildup. Multiple cargo landers sent ahead on robotic transfer vehicles deliver the supplies and equipment required for long-duration surface missions.

  8. Submarine neutrino communication

    E-print Network

    Huber, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    We discuss the possibility to use a high energy neutrino beam from a muon storage ring to provide one way communication with a submerged submarine. Neutrino interactions produce muons which can be detected either, directly when they pass through the submarine or by their emission of Cerenkov light in sea water, which, in turn, can be exploited with sensitive photo detectors. Due to the very high neutrino flux from a muon storage ring, it is sufficient to mount either detection system directly onto the hull of the submersible. The achievable data transfer rates compare favorable with existing technologies and do allow for a communication at the usual speed and depth of submarines.

  9. Submarine neutrino communication

    E-print Network

    Patrick Huber

    2010-08-20

    We discuss the possibility to use a high energy neutrino beam from a muon storage ring to provide one way communication with a submerged submarine. Neutrino interactions produce muons which can be detected either, directly when they pass through the submarine or by their emission of Cerenkov light in sea water, which, in turn, can be exploited with sensitive photo detectors. Due to the very high neutrino flux from a muon storage ring, it is sufficient to mount either detection system directly onto the hull of the submersible. The achievable data transfer rates compare favorable with existing technologies and do allow for a communication at the usual speed and depth of submarines.

  10. Neutrino time travel

    E-print Network

    James Dent; Heinrich Päs; Sandip Pakvasa; Thomas J. Weiler

    2007-12-09

    We discuss causality properties of extra-dimensional theories allowing for effectively superluminal bulk shortcuts. Such shortcuts for sterile neutrinos have been discussed as a solution to the puzzling LSND and MiniBooNE neutrino oscillation results. We focus here on the sub-category of asymmetrically warped brane spacetimes and argue that scenarios with two extra dimensions may allow for timelike curves which can be closed via paths in the extra-dimensional bulk. In principle sterile neutrinos propagating in the extra dimension may be manipulated in a way to test the chronology protection conjecture experimentally.

  11. Diffractive Interaction of Neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kopeliovich, B. Z.; Potashnikova, I. K.; Schmidt, Iván; Siddikov, M.

    2013-06-01

    Interactions of high-energy neutrinos expose hadronic properties, in particular, contain a strong diffractive channel. The Adler relation (AR) between soft interactions of neutrinos and pions, might look as a manifestation of pion dominance. However, neutrinos cannot fluctuate to pions because of conservation of the lepton current, and interact via much heavier hadronic components. This fact leads to nontrivial relations between interactions of different hadronic species, in particular, it links diagonal and off-diagonal diffractive interactions of pions. Absorptive corrections break these relations making the AR impossible to hold universally, for any target and at any energy.

  12. Solar neutrinos: Theoretical status

    SciTech Connect

    Haxton, W.C.

    1991-12-31

    I review the standard solar model, the disparities between its predictions an the solar neutrino flux measurements of the Homestake and Kamioka 2 collaborations, and possible particle physics resolutions of this puzzle. The effects of matter, including density fluctuations and turbulence, on solar neutrino oscillations are explained by building analogies with more familiar atomic physics phenomena. These and other mechanisms are considered as possible explanations for time variations in the solar neutrino flux. Finally, I consider possible outcomes and implications of the SAGE/GALLEX gallium experiments.

  13. Solar neutrinos: Theoretical status

    SciTech Connect

    Haxton, W.C.

    1991-01-01

    I review the standard solar model, the disparities between its predictions an the solar neutrino flux measurements of the Homestake and Kamioka 2 collaborations, and possible particle physics resolutions of this puzzle. The effects of matter, including density fluctuations and turbulence, on solar neutrino oscillations are explained by building analogies with more familiar atomic physics phenomena. These and other mechanisms are considered as possible explanations for time variations in the solar neutrino flux. Finally, I consider possible outcomes and implications of the SAGE/GALLEX gallium experiments.

  14. Boxing with Neutrino Oscillations

    E-print Network

    DJ Wagner; Thomas J. Weiler

    1998-01-16

    We develop a model-independent "box" parameterization of neutrino oscillations. Oscillation probabilities are linear in these new parameters, so measurements can straightforwardly determine the box parameters which can then be manipulated to yield magnitudes of mixing matrix elements. We examine the effects of unitarity On the box parameters and reduce the number of parameters to the minimum set. Using the box algebra, we show that CP-violation may be inferred from measurements of neutrino flavor mixing even when the oscillatory factor has averaged. The framework presented here will facilitate general analyses of neutrino oscillations among $n\\ge 3$ flavors.

  15. Reactor Neutrino Experiments

    E-print Network

    Jun Cao

    2007-12-06

    Precisely measuring $\\theta_{13}$ is one of the highest priority in neutrino oscillation study. Reactor experiments can cleanly determine $\\theta_{13}$. Past reactor neutrino experiments are reviewed and status of next precision $\\theta_{13}$ experiments are presented. Daya Bay is designed to measure $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}$ to better than 0.01 and Double Chooz and RENO are designed to measure it to 0.02-0.03. All are heading to full operation in 2010. Recent improvements in neutrino moment measurement are also briefed.

  16. CT stereotaxy guided lateral trans-cerebellar programmable fourth ventriculo–peritoneal shunting for symptomatic trapped fourth ventricle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rewati Raman Sharma; Sanjay J. Pawar; R. V. Devadas; Ebenezer J. Dev

    2001-01-01

    A trapped fourth ventricle is a rare clinico-radiological entity producing symptoms suggestive of a progressive posterior fossa mass lesion. It is mainly reported in children as a late complication of lateral ventricular shunting to relieve infantile post-meningitic or post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus. Optional treatment of the trapped fourth ventricle remains controversial. Placement of fourth ventricular shunting via a conventional midline approach can

  17. Atmospheric neutrino oscillations and tau neutrinos in ice

    SciTech Connect

    Giordano, Gerardo; Mocioiu, Irina [Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Mena, Olga [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, IFIC, CSIC and Universidad de Valencia (Spain)

    2010-06-01

    The main goal of the IceCube Deep Core Array is to search for neutrinos of astrophysical origins. Atmospheric neutrinos are commonly considered as a background for these searches. We show here that cascade measurements in the Ice Cube Deep Core Array can provide strong evidence for tau neutrino appearance in atmospheric neutrino oscillations. Controlling systematic uncertainties will be the limiting factor in the analysis. A careful study of these tau neutrinos is crucial, since they constitute an irreducible background for astrophysical neutrino detection.

  18. Search for a light sterile neutrino at Daya Bay.

    PubMed

    An, F P; Balantekin, A B; Band, H R; Beriguete, W; Bishai, M; Blyth, S; Butorov, I; Cao, G F; Cao, J; Chan, Y L; Chang, J F; Chang, L C; Chang, Y; Chasman, C; Chen, H; Chen, Q Y; Chen, S M; Chen, X; Chen, X; Chen, Y X; Chen, Y; Cheng, Y P; Cherwinka, J J; Chu, M C; Cummings, J P; de Arcos, J; Deng, Z Y; Ding, Y Y; Diwan, M V; Draeger, E; Du, X F; Dwyer, D A; Edwards, W R; Ely, S R; Fu, J Y; Ge, L Q; Gill, R; Gonchar, M; Gong, G H; Gong, H; Grassi, M; Gu, W Q; Guan, M Y; Guo, X H; Hackenburg, R W; Han, G H; Hans, S; He, M; Heeger, K M; Heng, Y K; Hinrichs, P; Hor, Y K; Hsiung, Y B; Hu, B Z; Hu, L M; Hu, L J; Hu, T; Hu, W; Huang, E C; Huang, H; Huang, X T; Huber, P; Hussain, G; Isvan, Z; Jaffe, D E; Jaffke, P; Jen, K L; Jetter, S; Ji, X P; Ji, X L; Jiang, H J; Jiao, J B; Johnson, R A; Kang, L; Kettell, S H; Kramer, M; Kwan, K K; Kwok, M W; Kwok, T; Lai, W C; Lau, K; Lebanowski, L; Lee, J; Lei, R T; Leitner, R; Leung, A; Leung, J K C; Lewis, C A; Li, D J; Li, F; Li, G S; Li, Q J; Li, W D; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Y F; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Lin, C J; Lin, G L; Lin, P Y; Lin, S K; Lin, Y C; Ling, J J; Link, J M; Littenberg, L; Littlejohn, B R; Liu, D W; Liu, H; Liu, J L; Liu, J C; Liu, S S; Liu, Y B; Lu, C; Lu, H Q; Luk, K B; Ma, Q M; Ma, X Y; Ma, X B; Ma, Y Q; McDonald, K T; McFarlane, M C; McKeown, R D; Meng, Y; Mitchell, I; Monari Kebwaro, J; Nakajima, Y; Napolitano, J; Naumov, D; Naumova, E; Nemchenok, I; Ngai, H Y; Ning, Z; Ochoa-Ricoux, J P; Olshevski, A; Patton, S; Pec, V; Peng, J C; Piilonen, L E; Pinsky, L; Pun, C S J; Qi, F Z; Qi, M; Qian, X; Raper, N; Ren, B; Ren, J; Rosero, R; Roskovec, B; Ruan, X C; Shao, B B; Steiner, H; Sun, G X; Sun, J L; Tam, Y H; Tang, X; Themann, H; Tsang, K V; Tsang, R H M; Tull, C E; Tung, Y C; Viren, B; Vorobel, V; Wang, C H; Wang, L S; Wang, L Y; Wang, M; Wang, N Y; Wang, R G; Wang, W; Wang, W W; Wang, X; Wang, Y F; Wang, Z; Wang, Z; Wang, Z M; Webber, D M; Wei, H Y; Wei, Y D; Wen, L J; Whisnant, K; White, C G; Whitehead, L; Wise, T; Wong, H L H; Wong, S C F; Worcester, E; Wu, Q; Xia, D M; Xia, J K; Xia, X; Xing, Z Z; Xu, J Y; Xu, J L; Xu, J; Xu, Y; Xue, T; Yan, J; Yang, C C; Yang, L; Yang, M S; Yang, M T; Ye, M; Yeh, M; Yeh, Y S; Young, B L; Yu, G Y; Yu, J Y; Yu, Z Y; Zang, S L; Zeng, B; Zhan, L; Zhang, C; Zhang, F H; Zhang, J W; Zhang, Q M; Zhang, Q; Zhang, S H; Zhang, Y C; Zhang, Y M; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y X; Zhang, Z J; Zhang, Z Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, Y; Zhao, Y B; Zheng, L; Zhong, W L; Zhou, L; Zhou, Z Y; Zhuang, H L; Zou, J H

    2014-10-01

    A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9 GW(th) nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512 m and 561 m) and one far (1579 m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the 10(-3) eV(2)<|?m(41)(2) |< 0.3 eV(2) range. The relative spectral distortion due to the disappearance of electron antineutrinos was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on sin(2) 2?(14) cover the 10(-3) eV(2) ? |?m(41)(2)| ? 0.1 eV(2) region, which was largely unexplored. PMID:25325631

  19. Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay

    E-print Network

    F. P. An; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; I. Butorov; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; Y. L. Chan; J. F. Chang; L. C. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. Chen; Q. Y. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. Chen; X. Chen; Y. X. Chen; Y. Chen; Y. P. Cheng; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; J. de Arcos; Z. Y. Deng; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. A. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; J. Y. Fu; L. Q. Ge; R. Gill; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; M. Grassi; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; G. H. Han; S. Hans; M. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; Y. K. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; L. M. Hu; L. J. Hu; T. Hu; W. Hu; E. C. Huang; H. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; G. Hussain; Z. Isvan; D. E. Jaffe; P. Jaffke; K. L. Jen; S. Jetter; X. P. Ji; X. L. Ji; H. J. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; W. C. Lai; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; J. Lee; R. T. Lei; R. Leitner; A. Leung; J. K. C. Leung; C. A. Lewis; D. J. Li; F. Li; G. S. Li; Q. J. Li; W. D. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. F. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; P. Y. Lin; S. K. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; D. W. Liu; H. Liu; J. L. Liu; J. C. Liu; S. S. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; K. B. Luk; Q. M. Ma; X. Y. Ma; X. B. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; I. Mitchell; J. Monari Kebwaro; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; E. Naumova; I. Nemchenok; H. Y. Ngai; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Olshevski; S. Patton; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; N. Raper; B. Ren; J. Ren; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; B. B. Shao; H. Steiner; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; Y. H. Tam; X. Tang; H. Themann; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. E. Tull; Y. C. Tung; B. Viren; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; W. Wang; W. W. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; H. Y. Wei; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; T. Wise; H. L. H. Wong; S. C. F. Wong; E. Worcester; Q. Wu; D. M. Xia; J. K. Xia; X. Xia; Z. Z. Xing; J. Y. Xu; J. L. Xu; J. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; J. Yan; C. C. Yang; L. Yang; M. S. Yang; M. T. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; B. L. Young; G. Y. Yu; J. Y. Yu; Z. Y. Yu; S. L. Zang; B. Zeng; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; Q. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. M. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; J. H. Zou

    2014-10-08

    A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9~GW$_{\\rm th}$ nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512~m and 561~m) and one far (1579~m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the $10^{\\rm -3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} < |\\Delta m_{41}^{2}| < 0.3~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ range. The relative spectral distortion due to electron antineutrino disappearance was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on $\\sin^22\\theta_{14}$ cover the $10^{-3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} \\lesssim |\\Delta m^{2}_{41}| \\lesssim 0.1~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ region, which was largely unexplored.

  20. Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, F. P.; Balantekin, A. B.; Band, H. R.; Beriguete, W.; Bishai, M.; Blyth, S.; Butorov, I.; Cao, G. F.; Cao, J.; Chan, Y. L.; Chang, J. F.; Chang, L. C.; Chang, Y.; Chasman, C.; Chen, H.; Chen, Q. Y.; Chen, S. M.; Chen, X.; Chen, X.; Chen, Y. X.; Chen, Y.; Cheng, Y. P.; Cherwinka, J. J.; Chu, M. C.; Cummings, J. P.; de Arcos, J.; Deng, Z. Y.; Ding, Y. Y.; Diwan, M. V.; Draeger, E.; Du, X. F.; Dwyer, D. A.; Edwards, W. R.; Ely, S. R.; Fu, J. Y.; Ge, L. Q.; Gill, R.; Gonchar, M.; Gong, G. H.; Gong, H.; Grassi, M.; Gu, W. Q.; Guan, M. Y.; Guo, X. H.; Hackenburg, R. W.; Han, G. H.; Hans, S.; He, M.; Heeger, K. M.; Heng, Y. K.; Hinrichs, P.; Hor, Y. K.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hu, B. Z.; Hu, L. M.; Hu, L. J.; Hu, T.; Hu, W.; Huang, E. C.; Huang, H.; Huang, X. T.; Huber, P.; Hussain, G.; Isvan, Z.; Jaffe, D. E.; Jaffke, P.; Jen, K. L.; Jetter, S.; Ji, X. P.; Ji, X. L.; Jiang, H. J.; Jiao, J. B.; Johnson, R. A.; Kang, L.; Kettell, S. H.; Kramer, M.; Kwan, K. K.; Kwok, M. W.; Kwok, T.; Lai, W. C.; Lau, K.; Lebanowski, L.; Lee, J.; Lei, R. T.; Leitner, R.; Leung, A.; Leung, J. K. C.; Lewis, C. A.; Li, D. J.; Li, F.; Li, G. S.; Li, Q. J.; Li, W. D.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, Y. F.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Lin, C. J.; Lin, G. L.; Lin, P. Y.; Lin, S. K.; Lin, Y. C.; Ling, J. J.; Link, J. M.; Littenberg, L.; Littlejohn, B. R.; Liu, D. W.; Liu, H.; Liu, J. L.; Liu, J. C.; Liu, S. S.; Liu, Y. B.; Lu, C.; Lu, H. Q.; Luk, K. B.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, X. Y.; Ma, X. B.; Ma, Y. Q.; McDonald, K. T.; McFarlane, M. C.; McKeown, R. D.; Meng, Y.; Mitchell, I.; Monari Kebwaro, J.; Nakajima, Y.; Napolitano, J.; Naumov, D.; Naumova, E.; Nemchenok, I.; Ngai, H. Y.; Ning, Z.; Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P.; Olshevski, A.; Patton, S.; Pec, V.; Peng, J. C.; Piilonen, L. E.; Pinsky, L.; Pun, C. S. J.; Qi, F. Z.; Qi, M.; Qian, X.; Raper, N.; Ren, B.; Ren, J.; Rosero, R.; Roskovec, B.; Ruan, X. C.; Shao, B. B.; Steiner, H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. L.; Tam, Y. H.; Tang, X.; Themann, H.; Tsang, K. V.; Tsang, R. H. M.; Tull, C. E.; Tung, Y. C.; Viren, B.; Vorobel, V.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, L. Y.; Wang, M.; Wang, N. Y.; Wang, R. G.; Wang, W.; Wang, W. W.; Wang, X.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. M.; Webber, D. M.; Wei, H. Y.; Wei, Y. D.; Wen, L. J.; Whisnant, K.; White, C. G.; Whitehead, L.; Wise, T.; Wong, H. L. H.; Wong, S. C. F.; Worcester, E.; Wu, Q.; Xia, D. M.; Xia, J. K.; Xia, X.; Xing, Z. Z.; Xu, J. Y.; Xu, J. L.; Xu, J.; Xu, Y.; Xue, T.; Yan, J.; Yang, C. C.; Yang, L.; Yang, M. S.; Yang, M. T.; Ye, M.; Yeh, M.; Yeh, Y. S.; Young, B. L.; Yu, G. Y.; Yu, J. Y.; Yu, Z. Y.; Zang, S. L.; Zeng, B.; Zhan, L.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, F. H.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, Q. M.; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, Y. C.; Zhang, Y. M.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Y. X.; Zhang, Z. J.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhao, J.; Zhao, Q. W.; Zhao, Y.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zheng, L.; Zhong, W. L.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, Z. Y.; Zhuang, H. L.; Zou, J. H.; Daya Bay Collaboration

    2014-10-01

    A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9 GWth nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512 m and 561 m) and one far (1579 m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the 10-3 eV2<|?m412|<0.3 eV2 range. The relative spectral distortion due to the disappearance of electron antineutrinos was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on sin22?14 cover the 10-3 eV2?|?m412|?0.1 eV2 region, which was largely unexplored.

  1. Immigration and the Family: Research and Policy on U.S. Immigrants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booth, Alan, Ed.; And Others

    In 1994, the U.S. population included an estimated 22.6 million immigrants, over one fourth of whom were from Mexico. Family networks play a crucial role in immigration. Based on a national symposium, this book includes 15 chapters that examine the role of the family in international immigration and the impact of migration on families and…

  2. High Energy Cosmic Neutrinos

    E-print Network

    Steven W. Barwick

    1999-03-31

    While the general principles of high-energy neutrino detection have been understood for many years, the deep, remote geographical locations of suitable detector sites have challenged the ingenuity of experimentalists, who have confronted unusual deployment, calibration, and robustness issues. Two high energy neutrino programs are now operating (Baikal and AMANDA), with the expectation of ushering in an era of multi-messenger astronomy, and two Mediterranean programs have made impressive progress. The detectors are optimized to detect neutrinos with energies of the order of 1-10 TeV, although they are capable of detecting neutrinos with energies of tens of MeV to greater than PeV. This paper outlines the interdisciplinary scientific agenda, which span the fields of astronomy, particle physics, and cosmic ray physics, and describes ongoing worldwide experimental programs to realize these goals.

  3. WMAPping out Neutrino Masses

    SciTech Connect

    Pierce, Aaron T

    2003-02-18

    Recent data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) place important bounds on the neutrino sector. The precise determination of the baryon number in the universe puts a strong constraint on the number of relativistic species during Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis. WMAP data, when combined with the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS), also directly constrain the absolute mass scale of neutrinos. These results conflict with a neutrino oscillation interpretation of the result from the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector (LSND) over the entire favored mixing region. We also note that the Heidelberg--Moscow evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay is only consistent with the WMAP+2dFGRS data for the largest values of the nuclear matrix element.

  4. Neutrino properties from cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Verde, Licia

    2015-04-01

    In the past few years there have been new developments in the effort of constraining neutrino properties with cosmology. The Cosmic Microwave Background has been measured with renewed and improved precision and large-scale structure surveys have mapped cosmological structures in the Universe over unprecedentedly large volumes. Future, massive large-scale structure surveys have been presented and approved. On the theory side, a significant effort has been devoted to achieve better modelling of small scale clustering and of cosmological non-linearities. As a result it has become clear that forthcoming cosmological data have, in principle, enough statistical power to detect the effect of non-zero neutrino mass (even at the lower mass scale limit imposed by oscillations) and to constrain the absolute neutrino mass scale. I will present some recent work on constraints on neutrino properties from cosmology, concentrating in particular on the work done by my group and my collaborators.

  5. The ANTARES neutrino telescope

    E-print Network

    Juan de Dios Zornoza; Juan Zúñiga

    2012-10-10

    The ANTARES collaboration completed the installation of the first neutrino detector in the sea in 2008. It consists of a three dimensional array of 885 photomultipliers to gather the Cherenkov photons induced by relativistic muons produced in charged-current interactions of high energy neutrinos close to/in the detector. The scientific scope of neutrino telescopes is very broad: the origin of cosmic rays, the origin of the TeV photons observed in many astrophysical sources or the nature of dark matter. The data collected up to now have allowed us to produce a rich output of physics results, including the map of the neutrino sky of the Southern hemisphere, search for correlations with GRBs, flaring sources, gravitational waves, limits on the flux produced by dark matter self-annihilations, etc. In this paper a review of these results is presented.

  6. Neutrino mass: Recent results

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, R.G.H.

    1989-01-01

    Some recent developments in the experimental search for neutrino mass are discussed. Simpson and Hime report finding new evidence for a 17-keV neutrino in the {beta} decay of {sup 3}H and {sup 35}S. New data from Los Alamos on the electron neutrino mass as measured in tritium beta decay give an upper limit of 13.5 eV at the 95% confidence level. This result is not consistent with the long-standing ITEP result of 26(5) eV within a model-independent'' range of 17 to 40 eV. It now appears that the electron neutrino is not sufficiently massive to close the universe by itself. 38 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. Atmospheric neutrino oscillations with PINGU

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Odrowski, Sirin; IceCube-PINGU collaboration

    2015-04-01

    Measurements of atmospheric, solar, reactor and accelerator neutrinos (see e.g. [1, 2, 3, 4]) have shown that neutrinos undergo flavour-changing oscillations and hence have mass. The cubic-kilometre neutrino detector IceCube [5] with its more densely instrumented inner region DeepCore [6] has studied oscillations of atmospheric neutrinos at energies above ? 10 GeV [7, 8, 9]. The Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade (PINGU) [10] is a proposed extension of IceCube with the goal to perform precise measurements of atmospheric neutrino oscillations down to a few GeV and to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy (NMH).

  8. Experimental High Energy Neutrino Astrophysics

    SciTech Connect

    Distefano, Carla [Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy)

    2005-10-12

    Neutrinos are considered promising probes for high energy astrophysics. More than four decades after deep water Cerenkov technique was proposed to detect high energy neutrinos. Two detectors of this type are successfully taking data: BAIKAL and AMANDA. They have demonstrated the feasibility of the high energy neutrino detection and have set first constraints on TeV neutrino production astrophysical models. The quest for the construction of km3 size detectors have already started: in the South Pole, the IceCube neutrino telescope is under construction; the ANTARES, NEMO and NESTOR Collaborations are working towards the installation of a neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea.

  9. Neutrino Detectors: Challenges and Opportunities

    SciTech Connect

    Soler, F. J. P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2011-10-06

    This paper covers possible detector options suitable at future neutrino facilities, such as Neutrino Factories, Super Beams and Beta Beams. The Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector (MIND), which is the baseline detector at a Neutrino Factory, will be described and a new analysis which improves the efficiency of this detector at low energies will be shown. Other detectors covered include the Totally Active Scintillating Detectors (TASD), particularly relevant for a low energy Neutrino Factory, emulsion detectors for tau detection, liquid argon detectors and megaton scale water Cherenkov detectors. Finally the requirements of near detectors for long-baseline neutrino experiments will be demonstrated.

  10. Recent advances in neutrino astrophysics

    E-print Network

    Cristina Volpe

    2014-11-24

    Neutrinos are produced by a variety of sources that comprise our Sun, explosive environments such as core-collapse supernovae, the Earth and the Early Universe. The precise origin of the recently discovered ultra-high energy neutrinos is to be determined yet. These weakly interacting particles give us information on their sources, although the neutrino fluxes can be modified when neutrinos traverse an astrophysical environment. Here we highlight recent advances in neutrino astrophysics and emphasise the important progress in our understanding of neutrino flavour conversion in media.

  11. Cosmological and supernova neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kajino, T.; Aoki, W.; Balantekin, A. B.; Cheoun, M.-K.; Hayakawa, T.; Hidaka, J.; Hirai, Y.; Kusakabe, M.; Mathews, G. J.; Nakamura, K.; Pehlivan, Y.; Shibagaki, S.; Suzuki, T.

    2014-06-01

    The Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies are the pillars of modern cosmology. It has recently been suggested that axion which is a dark matter candidate in the framework of the standard model could condensate in the early universe and induce photon cooling before the epoch of the photon last scattering. Although this may render a solution to the overproduction problem of primordial 7Li abundance, there arises another serious difficulty of overproducing D abundance. We propose a hybrid dark matter model with both axions and relic supersymmetric (SUSY) particles to solve both overproduction problems of the primordial D and 7Li abundances simultaneously. The BBN also serves to constrain the nature of neutrinos. Considering non-thermal photons produced in the decay of the heavy sterile neutrinos due to the magnetic moment, we explore the cosmological constraint on the strength of neutrino magnetic moment consistent with the observed light element abundances. Core-collapse supernovae eject huge flux of energetic neutrinos which affect explosive nucleosynthesis of rare isotopes like 7Li, 11B, 92Nb, 138La and 180Ta and r-process elements. Several isotopes depend strongly on the neutrino flavor oscillation due to the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein (MSW) effect. Combining the recent experimental constraints on ?13 with predicted and observed supernova-produced abundance ratio 11B/7Li encapsulated in the presolar grains from the Murchison meteorite, we show a marginal preference for an inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. We also discuss supernova relic neutrinos (SRN) that may indicate the softness of the equation of state (EoS) of nuclear matter and adiabatic conditions of the neutrino oscillation.

  12. Boxing with Neutrino Oscillations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, Dj; Weiler, Thomas J.

    1998-03-01

    We have developed a model-independent ``box'' parameterization of neutrino oscillations. Oscillation probabilities are linear in these new parameters, so measurements can straighforwardly determine the box parameters which can then be manipulated to yield magnitudes of mixing matrix elements. We will present these new parameters and examine the effects of unitarity which reduce the number of independent parameters to the minimum set. The framework presented here will facilitate general analyses of neutrino oscillations among n >= 3 flavors.

  13. Radiochemical solar neutrino experiments

    E-print Network

    V. N. Gavrin; B. T. Cleveland

    2007-03-06

    Radiochemical experiments have been crucial to solar neutrino research. Even today, they provide the only direct measurement of the rate of the proton-proton fusion reaction, p + p --> d + e^+ + nu_e, which generates most of the Sun's energy. We first give a little history of radiochemical solar neutrino experiments with emphasis on the gallium experiment SAGE -- the only currently operating detector of this type. The combined result of all data from the Ga experiments is a capture rate of 67.6 +/- 3.7 SNU. For comparison to theory, we use the calculated flux at the Sun from a standard solar model, take into account neutrino propagation from the Sun to the Earth and the results of neutrino source experiments with Ga, and obtain 67.3 ^{+3.9}_{-3.5} SNU. Using the data from all solar neutrino experiments we calculate an electron neutrino pp flux at the earth of (3.41 ^{+0.76}_{-0.77}) x 10^{10}/(cm^2-s), which agrees well with the prediction from a detailed solar model of (3.30 ^{+0.13} _{-0.14}) x 10^{10}/(cm^2-s). Four tests of the Ga experiments have been carried out with very intense reactor-produced neutrino sources and the ratio of observed to calculated rates is 0.88 +/- 0.05. One explanation for this unexpectedly low result is that the cross section for neutrino capture by the two lowest-lying excited states in 71Ge has been overestimated. We end with consideration of possible time variation in the Ga experiments and an enumeration of other possible radiochemical experiments that might have been.

  14. High energy neutrino astrophysics

    E-print Network

    R. J. Protheroe

    1998-10-22

    I give a brief discussion of possible sources of high energy neutrinos of astrophysical origin over the energy range from $\\sim 10^{12}$ eV to $\\sim 10^{25}$ eV. In particular I shall review predictions of the diffuse neutrino intensity. Neutrinos from interactions of galactic cosmic rays with interstellar matter are guaranteed, and the intensity can be reliably predicted to within a factor of 2. Somewhat less certain are intensities in the same energy range from cosmic rays escaping from normal galaxies or active galactic nuclei (AGN) and interacting with intracluster gas. At higher energies, neutrinos will definitely be produced by interactions of extragalactic cosmic rays with the microwave background. With the discovery that gamma ray bursts (GRB) are extragalactic, and therefore probably the most energetic phenomena in the Universe, it seems likely that they will be copious sources of high energy neutrinos. Other sources, such as AGN and topological defects, are more speculative. However, searches for neutrinos from all of these potential sources should be made because their detection would have important implications for high energy astrophysics and cosmology.

  15. Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory

    E-print Network

    Miao He; for the JUNO collaboration

    2014-12-13

    The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is a multipurpose neutrino-oscillation experiment designed to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to precisely measure oscillation parameters by detecting reactor antineutrinos, observe supernova neutrinos, study the atmospheric, solar neutrinos and geo-neutrinos, and perform exotic searches, with a 20 kiloton liquid scintillator detector of unprecedented $3\\%$ energy resolution (at 1 MeV) at 700-meter deep underground and to have other rich scientific possibilities. Currently MC study shows a sensitivity of the mass hierarchy to be $\\overline{\\Delta\\chi^2}\\sim 11$ and $\\overline{\\Delta\\chi^2}\\sim 16$ in a relative and an absolute measurement, respectively. JUNO has been approved by Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2013, and an international collaboration was established in 2014. The civil construction is in preparation and the R$\\&$D of the detectors are ongoing. A new offline software framework was developed for the detector simulation, the event reconstruction and the physics analysis. JUNO is planning to start taking data around 2020.

  16. GENDER EQUALITY SCHEME: Fourth Annual Progress Report (2010-2011)

    E-print Network

    Henderson, Gideon

    and development of the GES 14 2011 membership 15 #12;2 1. Introduction This fourth annual report on the Gender1 GENDER EQUALITY SCHEME: Fourth Annual Progress Report (2010-2011) For copies of this report's ongoing gender equality work, and provides data on key aspects of the staff and student population

  17. High efficiency second-to-fourth harmonic conversion in KDP

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. H. Chaffee; R. B. Ehrlich

    1987-01-01

    Second-to-fourth harmonic conversion efficiencies of 80% in a Nd:YLF oscillator\\/glass amplifier system have been achieved. At high fourth harmonic intensities, beam break up and anomalous pulse shape effects are observed. 2 refs., 2 figs.

  18. High efficiency second-to-fourth harmonic conversion in KDP

    SciTech Connect

    Chaffee, P.H.; Ehrlich, R.B.

    1987-11-20

    Second-to-fourth harmonic conversion efficiencies of 80% in a Nd:YLF oscillator/glass amplifier system have been achieved. At high fourth harmonic intensities, beam break up and anomalous pulse shape effects are observed. 2 refs., 2 figs.

  19. THE Fourth SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON NONLINEAR SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS

    E-print Network

    Yang, Jianke

    THE Fourth SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON NONLINEAR SCIENCES AND APPLICATIONS Shanghai NSA'10 for Papers The Fourth Shanghai International Symposium on Nonlinear Sciences and Applications (Shanghai NSA'10) will be held in Xuzhou and Shanghai on June 29-July 4, 2010. Shanghai NSA'10 is sponsored

  20. Pizza Anyone? Exploring Halves and Fourths/Quarters

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Brandi Harris

    2012-07-31

    This activity practices the decomposing of a whole to equal shares for halves, fourths, and quarters through pizza and candy bar manipulatives. Students are then challenge to demonstrate how many different ways they can fold a square sticky not into fourths!

  1. Massive intratumoral hemorrhage of ependymoma of the fourth ventricle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masaru Honda; Gohei So; Makio Kaminogo; Kuniko Abe; Izumi Nagata

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: Ependymo- mas of the fourth ventricle usually show slowly progressive neurological deterioration and acute onset resulting from major intratumoral bleeding is very rare. Case report: A 16-month- old girl, previously in good health, showed gradual gait disturbance and appetite loss. She was transferred to our hospital because of a large enhanced tumor of the fourth ventri- cle with mild

  2. Human Resources Administration: A School-Based Perspective. Fourth Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Enhanced and updated, this Fourth Edition of Richard E. Smith's highly successful text examines the growing role of the principal in planning, hiring, staff development, supervision, and other human resource functions. The Fourth Edition includes new sections on ethics, induction, and the role of the mentor teacher. This edition also introduces…

  3. Rural Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goetz, Kathy, Ed.

    1992-01-01

    This "special focus" journal issue consists of 13 individual articles on the theme of rural family programs relating to school, health services, church, and other institutions. It includes: (1) "Towards a Rural Family Policy" (Judith K. Chynoweth and Michael D. Campbell); (2) "Montana: Council for Families Collaborates for Prevention (Jean…

  4. Family Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wieck, Colleen, Ed.; McBride, Marijo, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This "Feature Issue" of the quarterly journal "Impact" presents 19 brief articles on family support systems in the United States for persons with developmental disabilities and their families. Emphasis is on provisions of Public Law 99-457. Articles include: "Family Support in the United States: Setting a Course for the 1990s" (James Knoll);…

  5. Neutrino electromagnetic properties and new bounds on neutrino magnetic moments

    E-print Network

    Konstantin A. Kouzakov; Alexander I. Studenikin; Mikhail B. Voloshin

    2011-12-17

    We give a brief outline of possible neutrino electromagnetic characteristics, which can indicate new physics beyond the Standard Model. Special emphasis is put on recent theoretical development in searches for neutrino magnetic moments.

  6. Measurement of Atmospheric Neutrinos at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    E-print Network

    Formaggio, Joseph A.

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory consists of a 1 kiloton heavy water Cherenkov detector able to detect and reconstruct high-energy muons created from cosmic ray showers and atmospheric neutrino interactions. By measuring ...

  7. First neutrino observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. G. Allen; G. Buhler; H. H. Chen; J. D. Anglin; J. C. Barton; E. W. Beier; M. Bercovitch; J. Bigu; S. D. Biller; R. A. Black; I. Blevis; R. J. Boardman; J. Boger; E. Bonvin; M. G. Boulay; M. G. Bowler; T. J. Bowles; S. J. Brice; M. C. Browne; T. V. Bullard; J. Cameron; Y. D. Chan; M. Chen; X. Chen; B. T. Cleveland; E. T. H. Clifford; J. H. M. Cowan; D. F. Cowen; G. A. Cox; X. Dai; F. Dalnoki-Veress; W. F. Davidson; P. J. Doe; G. Doucas; M. R. Dragowsky; C. A. Duba; F. A. Duncan; M. Dunford; J. A. Dunmore; E. D. Earle; S. R. Elliott; H. C. Evans; G. T. Ewan; J. Farine; H. Fergani; A. P. Ferraris; R. J. Ford; J. A. Formaggio; M. M. Fowler; K. Frame; E. D. Frank; W. Frati; N. Gagnon; J. V. Germani; S. Gil; K. Graham; D. R. Grant; R. L. Hahn; A. L. Hallin; E. D. Hallman; A. S. Hamer; A. A. Hamian; W. B. Handler; R. U. Haq; C. K. Hargrove; P. J. Harvey; R. Hazama; K. M. Heeger; W. J. Heintzelman; J. Heise; R. L. Helmer; J. D. Hepburn; H. Heron; J. Hewett; A. Hime; J. G. Hykawy; M. C. P. Isaac; P. Jagam; N. A. Jelley; C. Jillings; G. Jonkmans; K. Kazkaz; P. T. Keener; J. R. Klein; A. B. Knox; R. J. Komar; R. Kouzes; T. Kutter; C. C. M. Kyba; J. Law; I. T. Lawson; M. Lay; H. W. Lee; K. T. Lesko; J. R. Leslie; I. Levine; W. Locke; S. Luoma; J. Lyon; S. Majerus; H. B. Mak; J. Maneira; J. Manor; A. D. Marino; N. McCauley; D. S. McDonald; A. B. McDonald; K. McFarlane; G. McGregor; R. Meijer; C. Mifflin; G. G. Miller; G. Milton; B. A. Moffat; M. Moorhead; C. W. Nally; M. S. Neubauer; F. M. Newcomer; H. S. Ng; A. J. Noble; E. B. Norman; V. M. Novikov; M. ONeill; C. E. Okada; R. W. Ollerhead; M. Omori; J. L. Orrell; S. M. Oser; A. W. P. Poon; T. J. Radcliffe; A. Roberge; B. C. Robertson; R. G. H. Robertson; S. S. E. Rosendahl; J. K. Rowley; V. L. Rusu; E. Saettler; K. K. Schaffer; M. H. Schwendener; A. Schulke; H. Seifert; M. Shatkay; J. J. Simpson; C. J. Sims

    2001-01-01

    The first neutrino observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory are presented from preliminary analyses. Based on energy, direction and location, the data in the region of interest appear to be dominated by 8B solar neutrinos, detected by the charged current reaction on deuterium and elastic scattering from electrons, with very little background. Measurements of radioactive backgrounds indicate that the measurement

  8. Global three-neutrino oscillation analysis of neutrino data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; M. Maltoni; C. Peña-Garay; J. W. Valle

    2001-01-01

    A global analysis of the solar, atmospheric and reactor neutrino data is presented in terms of three-neutrino oscillations. We include the most recent solar neutrino rates of Homestake, SAGE, GALLEX and GNO, as well as the recent 1117 day Super-Kamiokande data sample, including the recoil electron energy spectrum both for day and night periods, and we treat in a unified

  9. Solid Target for a Neutrino Factory Neutrino Factory Target Concepts

    E-print Network

    McDonald, Kirk

    of the target material. These shocks can potentially exceed the mechanical strength of solid materialsSolid Target for a Neutrino Factory Neutrino Factory Target Concepts Parameters of the Neutrino Factory Target Proton Beam pulsed 50 Hz bunches 3 (2 ns rms) energy 10 GeV beam power 4 MW Target (not

  10. The Fourth World Conference on Women.

    PubMed

    1995-01-01

    The Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing during September 4-15, 1995, was a major success. The platform for action adopted by consensus at the conference is comprised of the mission statement, a global framework, critical areas of concern, strategic objectives and actions, and institutional and financial arrangements. The conference was an extension of other large international conferences organized under UN initiative over the past 15 years. The Beijing platform of action aims to remove all obstacles to women's active participation in all spheres of public and private life through a full and equal share in economic, social, cultural, and political decision-making. The following concerns were defined by the conference: eradicating poverty, increasing school enrollment and eliminating gender inequalities in access to education, improving access to health care and eliminating gender inequalities in access to services, eliminating violence against women, mitigating the consequences of armed conflicts against women, securing equal access of men and women to economic resources and employment, providing equal participation of men and women in power structures and decision making, enhancing national mechanisms to promote the advancement of women, protecting the rights of girls and women, eradicating stereotypes about women, participating in the management of natural resources and environmental protection, and improving the status of girls. PMID:12320155

  11. High Energy Neutrinos from Blazars

    E-print Network

    R. J. Protheroe

    1996-07-31

    I describe a model of energetic gamma ray and neutrino emission in blazars which is consistent with most of the gamma-ray observations, and use this model to estimate the diffuse intensity of high energy neutrinos from blazars.

  12. Sterile neutrinos at a Neutrino Factory

    SciTech Connect

    Lopez-Pavon, Jacobo [Instituto Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2010-03-30

    We study the potential of a Neutrino Factory (NF) to constrain the parameters of the (3+1)-scheme with a O(1)eV{sup 2} largest mass square difference, considering two set-ups: a NF with 50 GeV (20 GeV) stored muons, with two detectors of the Hybrid-MIND type located at L = 3000(4000), 7500 km. We show that the best sensitivity to sterile neutrinos can be achieved through the nu{sub m}u->nu{sub m}u and the nu{sub m}u->nu{sub t}au channels which can constrain theta{sub 34}<=12 deg. (14 deg.) and theta{sub 24}<=7.5 deg. (8 deg.) with the 50 GeV (20 GeV) NF. We also study the CP-violation in this new context showing that the CP-asymmetries in the nu{sub m}u->nu{sub t}au channel can give us the chance to see a clear new CP-violation signal associated with the sterile neutrinos.

  13. Neutrino oscillations beyond two flavours

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    2002-07-29

    I review some theoretical aspects of neutrino oscillations in the case when more than two neutrino flavours are involved. These include: approximate analytic solutions for 3-flavour (3f) oscillations in matter; matter effects in nu_mu - nu_tau oscillations; 3f effects in oscillations of solar, atmospheric, reactor and supernova neutrinos and in accelerator long-baseline experiments; CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter; the problem of U_{e3}; 4f oscillations.

  14. Neutrino dispersion in magnetized plasma

    E-print Network

    N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

    2008-12-02

    The neutrino dispersion in the charge symmetric magnetized plasma is investigated. We have studied the plasma contribution into the additional energy of neutrino and obtained the simple expression for it. We consider in detail the neutrino self-energy under physical conditions of weak field, moderate field and strong field limits. It is shown that our result for neutrino dispersion in moderate magnetic field differ substantially from the previous one in the literature.

  15. A Xenon Solar Neutrino Detector

    E-print Network

    A. Sh. Georgadze; H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; H. Päs; Yu. G. Zdesenko

    1997-07-25

    The neutrino capture by $^{131}$Xe with a threshold at 352 keV as reaction to detect solar neutrinos is examined. The most important feature of this process is its high sensitivity to beryllium neutrinos, which contribute approximately 40% to the total capture rate (45 SNU) assuming the fluxes predicted by the Standard Solar Model.

  16. Solar Neutrino Matter Effects Redux

    E-print Network

    A. B. Balantekin; A. Malkus

    2011-12-19

    Following recent low-threshold analysis of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory and asymmetry measurements of the BOREXINO Collaboration of the solar neutrino flux, we revisit the analysis of the matter effects in the Sun. We show that solar neutrino data constrains the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ poorly and that subdominant Standard Model effects can mimic the effects of the physics beyond the Standard Model.

  17. Supernova Neutrinos Detection On Earth

    E-print Network

    Xin-Heng Guo; Ming-Yang Huang; Bing-Lin Young

    2009-05-12

    In this paper, we first discuss the detection of supernova neutrino on Earth. Then we propose a possible method to acquire information about $\\theta_{13}$ smaller than $1.5^\\circ$ by detecting the ratio of the event numbers of different flavor supernova neutrinos. Such an sensitivity cannot yet be achieved by the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment.

  18. Electromagnetic neutrino: a short review

    E-print Network

    Alexander I. Studenikin

    2014-11-09

    A short review on selected issues related to the problem of neutrino electromagnetic properties is given. After a flash look at the theoretical basis of neutrino electromagnetic form factors, constraints on neutrino magnetic moments and electric millicharge from terrestrial experiments and astrophysical observations are discussed. We also focus on some recent studies of the problem and on perspectives.

  19. Neutrino oscillations: theory and phenomenology

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    2006-10-05

    A brief overview of selected topics in the theory and phenomenology of neutrino oscillations is given. These include: oscillations in vacuum and in matter; phenomenology of 3-flavour neutrino oscillations and effective 2-flavour approximations; CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter; matter effects on \

  20. The ^8B Neutrino Spectrum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. T. Winter; S. J. Freedman; J. P. Schiffer; K. E. Rehm

    2004-01-01

    Knowledge of the energy spectrum of ^8B neutrinos is an important ingredient for interpreting experiments that detect energetic neutrinos from the Sun. The neutrino spectrum deviates from the allowed approximation because of the broad alpha-unstable ^8Be final state and recoil order corrections to the beta decay. We have measured the total energy of the alpha particles emitted following the beta

  1. Simulating nonlinear neutrino flavor evolution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huaiyu Duan; G. M. Fuller; J. Carlson

    2008-01-01

    We discuss a new kind of astrophysical transport problem: the coherent evolution of neutrino flavor in core collapse supernovae. Solution of this problem requires a numerical approach which can simulate accurately the quantum mechanical coupling of intersecting neutrino trajectories and the associated nonlinearity which characterizes neutrino flavor conversion. We describe here the two codes developed to attack this problem. We

  2. Gravitational Lensing of Supernova Neutrinos

    SciTech Connect

    Mena, Olga; /Fermilab /Rome U.; Mocioiu, Irina; /Penn State U.; Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab

    2006-10-01

    The black hole at the center of the galaxy is a powerful lens for supernova neutrinos. In the very special circumstance of a supernova near the extended line of sight from Earth to the galactic center, lensing could dramatically enhance the neutrino flux at Earth and stretch the neutrino pulse.

  3. The Solar Neutrino Problem and Bounds on Solar Neutrino Fluxes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwong, Waikwok; Rosen, S. P.

    We review the current status of the solar neutrino problem. A survey of the experiments and their results are given, and solar physics crucial to the understanding of these results are discussed. Semi-empirical methods are used to derive bounds on the fluxes of the three most important components (pp, 7Be and 8B) of the solar neutrino spectrum. The 8B neutrinos are directly measured to be about half of the theoretical prediction. Relative to their theoretical predictions, we find the 7Be neutrinos to be highly suppressed and the pp neutrinos not suppressed. We are also able to derive a lower bound on the pp flux.

  4. Vetoing atmospheric neutrinos in a high energy neutrino telescope

    SciTech Connect

    Schoenert, Stefan; Resconi, Elisa; Schulz, Olaf [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Gaisser, Thomas K. [Bartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

    2009-02-15

    We discuss the possibility to suppress downward atmospheric neutrinos in a high energy neutrino telescope. This can be achieved by vetoing the muon which is produced by the same parent meson decaying in the atmosphere. In principle, atmospheric neutrinos with energies E{sub {nu}}>10 TeV and a zenith angle up to 60 deg. can be vetoed with an efficiency of >99%. Practical realization will depend on the depth of the neutrino telescope, on the muon veto efficiency, and on the ability to identify downward-moving neutrinos with a good energy estimation.

  5. Supernova Neutrino-Process and Implication in Neutrino Oscillation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kajino, T.; Aoki, W.; Fujiya, W.; Mathews, G. J.; Yoshida, T.; Shaku, K.; Nakamura, K.; Hayakawa, T.

    2012-08-01

    We studied the supernova nucleosynthesis induced by neutrino interactions and found that several isotopes of rare elements like 7Li, 11B, 138La, 180Ta and many others are predominantly produced by the neutrino-process in core-collapse supernovae. These isotopes are strongly affected by the neutrino flavor oscillation due to the MSW (Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein) effect. We here propose a new novel method to determine the unknown neutrino oscillation parameters, ?13 and mass hierarchy simultaneously from the supernova neutrino-process, combined with the r-process for heavy-element synthsis and the Galactic chemical evolution on light nuclei.

  6. Neutrino oscillometry at the next generation neutrino observatory

    E-print Network

    Yu. N. Novikov; T. Enqvist; A. N. Erykalov; F. v. Feilitzsch; J. Hissa; K. Loo; D. A. Nesterenko; L. Oberauer; F. Thorne; W. Trzaska; J. D. Vergados; M. Wurm

    2011-10-13

    The large next generation liquid-scintillator detector LENA (Low Energy Neutrino Astronomy) offers an excellent opportunity for neutrino oscillometry. The characteristic spatial pattern of very low monoenergetic neutrino disappearance from artificial radioactive sources can be detected within the long length of detector. Sufficiently strong sources of more than 1 MCi activity can be produced at nuclear reactors. Oscillometry will provide a unique tool for precise determination of the mixing parameters for both active and sterile neutrinos within the broad mass region 0.01 - 2 (eV)^2. LENA can be considered as a versatile tool for a careful investigation of neutrino oscillations.

  7. Extraterrestrial Solar Neutrino Physics

    E-print Network

    W-Y. Pauchy Hwang; Jen-Chieh Peng

    2011-07-26

    We advocate the extraterrestrial solar neutrino physics (etSNP) as a means of investigating solar neutrino physics (SNP). As we already know, the dominant and subdominant (vacuum) oscillation lengths would be approximately one kilometer and one hundred kilometers. On the other hand, we know so far that the matter-enhanced oscillations take place only in the core of the Sun. Thus, the etSNP, i.e. solar neutrino physics that could be extracted outside the Earth, would assume a special unique role. The etSNP experiments include (1) a satellite (detector) around the Earth or around the Jupiter or others (to provide the shadow, for the matter-enhanced neutrino oscillations), (2) during the Sun-Venus-Earth eclipse or similar, and (3) the chemical compositions of the geology type (as in the Jupiter or in the Venus, to study the origins of these planets). To be specific, we note that the reactions induced by the ^8B solar neutrinos, in view of the sole high energy nature (E_\

  8. Origin of giant viruses from smaller DNA viruses not from a fourth domain of cellular life.

    PubMed

    Yutin, Natalya; Wolf, Yuri I; Koonin, Eugene V

    2014-10-01

    The numerous and diverse eukaryotic viruses with large double-stranded DNA genomes that at least partially reproduce in the cytoplasm of infected cells apparently evolved from a single virus ancestor. This major group of viruses is known as Nucleocytoplasmic Large DNA Viruses (NCLDV) or the proposed order Megavirales. Among the "Megavirales", there are three groups of giant viruses with genomes exceeding 500kb, namely Mimiviruses, Pithoviruses, and Pandoraviruses that hold the current record of viral genome size, about 2.5Mb. Phylogenetic analysis of conserved, ancestral NLCDV genes clearly shows that these three groups of giant viruses have three distinct origins within the "Megavirales". The Mimiviruses constitute a distinct family that is distantly related to Phycodnaviridae, Pandoraviruses originate from a common ancestor with Coccolithoviruses within the Phycodnaviridae family, and Pithoviruses are related to Iridoviridae and Marseilleviridae. Maximum likelihood reconstruction of gene gain and loss events during the evolution of the "Megavirales" indicates that each group of giant viruses evolved from viruses with substantially smaller and simpler gene repertoires. Initial phylogenetic analysis of universal genes, such as translation system components, encoded by some giant viruses, in particular Mimiviruses, has led to the hypothesis that giant viruses descend from a fourth, probably extinct domain of cellular life. The results of our comprehensive phylogenomic analysis of giant viruses refute the fourth domain hypothesis and instead indicate that the universal genes have been independently acquired by different giant viruses from their eukaryotic hosts. PMID:25042053

  9. Proceedings: Fourth Workshop on Mining Scientific Datasets

    SciTech Connect

    Kamath, C

    2001-07-24

    Commercial applications of data mining in areas such as e-commerce, market-basket analysis, text-mining, and web-mining have taken on a central focus in the JCDD community. However, there is a significant amount of innovative data mining work taking place in the context of scientific and engineering applications that is not well represented in the mainstream KDD conferences. For example, scientific data mining techniques are being developed and applied to diverse fields such as remote sensing, physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, structural mechanics, computational fluid dynamics etc. In these areas, data mining frequently complements and enhances existing analysis methods based on statistics, exploratory data analysis, and domain-specific approaches. On the surface, it may appear that data from one scientific field, say genomics, is very different from another field, such as physics. However, despite their diversity, there is much that is common across the mining of scientific and engineering data. For example, techniques used to identify objects in images are very similar, regardless of whether the images came from a remote sensing application, a physics experiment, an astronomy observation, or a medical study. Further, with data mining being applied to new types of data, such as mesh data from scientific simulations, there is the opportunity to apply and extend data mining to new scientific domains. This one-day workshop brings together data miners analyzing science data and scientists from diverse fields to share their experiences, learn how techniques developed in one field can be applied in another, and better understand some of the newer techniques being developed in the KDD community. This is the fourth workshop on the topic of Mining Scientific Data sets; for information on earlier workshops, see http://www.ahpcrc.org/conferences/. This workshop continues the tradition of addressing challenging problems in a field where the diversity of applications is matched only by the opportunities that await a practitioner.

  10. Limits on neutrino-neutrino scattering in the early Universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cyr-Racine, Francis-Yan; Sigurdson, Kris

    2014-12-01

    In the standard model neutrinos are assumed to have streamed across the Universe since they last scattered when the standard-model plasma temperature was ˜MeV . The shear stress of free-streaming neutrinos imprints itself gravitationally on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and makes the CMB a sensitive probe of neutrino scattering. Yet, the presence of nonstandard physics in the neutrino sector may alter this standard chronology and delay neutrino free streaming until a much later epoch. We use observations of the CMB to constrain the strength of neutrino self interactions Geff and put limits on new physics in the neutrino sector from the early Universe. Within the context of conventional ? CDM parameters cosmological data are compatible with Geff?1 /(56 MeV )2 and neutrino free streaming might be delayed until their temperature has cooled to as low as ˜25 eV . Intriguingly, we also find an alternative cosmology compatible with cosmological data in which neutrinos scatter off each other until z ˜1 04 with a preferred interaction strength in a narrow region around Geff?1 /(10 MeV )2?8.6 ×1 08GF , where GF is the Fermi constant. This distinct self-interacting neutrino cosmology is characterized by somewhat lower values of both the scalar spectral index and the amplitude of primordial fluctuations. While we phrase our discussion here in terms of a specific scenario, our constraints on the neutrino visibility function are very general.

  11. Massive Neutrinos and (Heterotic) String Theory

    E-print Network

    Joel Giedt; G. L. Kane; Paul Langacker; Brent D. Nelson

    2005-02-02

    String theories in principle address the origin and values of the quark and lepton masses. Perhaps the small values of neutrino masses could be explained generically in string theory even if it is more difficult to calculate individual values, or perhaps some string constructions could be favored by generating small neutrino masses. We examine this issue in the context of the well-known three-family standard-like Z_3 heterotic orbifolds, where the theory is well enough known to construct the corresponding operators allowed by string selection rules, and analyze the D- and F-flatness conditions. Surprisingly, we find that a simple see-saw mechanism does not arise. It is not clear whether this is a property of this construction, or of orbifolds more generally, or of string theory itself. Extended see-saw mechanisms may be allowed; more analysis will be needed to settle that issue. We briefly speculate on their form if allowed and on the possibility of alternatives, such as small Dirac masses and triplet see-saws. The smallness of neutrino masses may be a powerful probe of string constructions in general. We also find further evidence that there are only 20 inequivalent models in this class, which affects the counting of string vacua.

  12. Neutrino Magnetic Moments and the Solar Neutrino Problem

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    1994-05-15

    Present status of the neutrino magnetic moment solutions of the solar neutrino problem is reviewed. In particular, we discuss a possibility of reconciling different degrees of suppression and time variation of the signal (or lack of such a variation) observed in different solar neutrino experiments. It is shown that the resonant spin--flavor precession of neutrinos due to the interaction of their transitions magnetic moments with solar magnetic field can account for all the available solar neutrino data. For not too small neutrino mixing angles ($\\sin 2\\theta_0 \\aprge 0.2$) the combined effect of the resonant spin--flavor precession and neutrino oscillations can result in an observable flux of solar $\\bar{\

  13. Neutrino magnetic moments and the solar neutrino problem

    SciTech Connect

    Akhmedov, E.Kh. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory]|[Valencia Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Fisica Teorica

    1994-08-01

    Present status of the neutrino magnetic moment solutions of the solar neutrino problem is reviewed. In particular, we discuss a possibility of reconciling different degrees of suppression and time variation of the signal (or lack of such a variation) observed in different solar neutrino experiments. It is shown that the resonant spin-flavor precession of neutrinos due to the interaction of their transitions magnetic moments with solar magnetic field can account for all the available solar neutrino data. For not too small neutrino mixing angles (sin 2{theta}{sub o} {approx_gt} 0.2 the combined effect of the resonant spin-flavor precession and neutrino oscillations can result in an observable flux of solar {bar {nu}}{sub e}`s.

  14. Signatures of the neutrino mass hierarchy in supernova neutrinos

    E-print Network

    S. H. Chiu; Chu-Ching Huang; Kwang-Chang Lai

    2015-06-17

    The undetermined neutrino mass hierarchy may leave an observable imprint on the neutrino fluxes from a core-collapse supernova (SN). The interpretation of the observables, however, is subject to the uncertain SN models and the flavor conversion mechanism of neutrinos in a SN. We attempt to propose a qualitative interpretation of the expected neutrino events at terrestrial detectors, focusing on the accretion phase of the neutrino burst. The flavor conversions due to neutrino self-interaction, the MSW effect, and the Earth regeneration effect are incorporated in the calculation. It leads to several distinct scenarios that are identified by the neutrino mass hierarchies and the collective flavor transitions. Consequences resulting from the variation of incident angles and SN models are also discussed.

  15. The neutrino signal at HALO: learning about the primary supernova neutrino fluxes and neutrino properties

    SciTech Connect

    Väänänen, Daavid; Volpe, Cristina, E-mail: vaananen@ipno.in2p3.fr, E-mail: volpe@ipno.in2p3.fr [Institut de Physique Nucléaire, F-91406 Orsay cedex, CNRS/IN2P3 and University of Paris-XI (France)

    2011-10-01

    Core-collapse supernova neutrinos undergo a variety of phenomena when they travel from the high neutrino density region and large matter densities to the Earth. We perform analytical calculations of the supernova neutrino fluxes including collective effects due to the neutrino-neutrino interactions, the Mikheev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein (MSW) effect due to the neutrino interactions with the background matter and decoherence of the wave packets as they propagate in space. We predict the numbers of one- and two-neutron charged and neutral-current electron-neutrino scattering on lead events. We show that, due to the energy thresholds, the ratios of one- to two-neutron events are sensitive to the pinching parameters of neutrino fluxes at the neutrinosphere, almost independently of the presently unknown neutrino properties. Besides, such events have an interesting sensitivity to the spectral split features that depend upon the presence/absence of energy equipartition among neutrino flavors. Our calculations show that a lead-based observatory like the Helium And Lead Observatory (HALO) has the potential to pin down important characteristics of the neutrino fluxes at the neutrinosphere, and provide us with information on the neutrino transport in the supernova core.

  16. The neutrino signal at HALO: learning about the primary supernova neutrino fluxes and neutrino properties

    E-print Network

    Daavid Väänänen; Cristina Volpe

    2011-10-20

    Core-collapse supernova neutrinos undergo a variety of phenomena when they travel from the high neutrino density region and large matter densities to the Earth. We perform analytical calculations of the supernova neutrino fluxes including collective effects due to the neutrino-neutrino interactions, the Mikheev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein (MSW) effect due to the neutrino interactions with the background matter and decoherence of the wave packets as they propagate in space. We predict the numbers of one- and two-neutron charged and neutral-current electron-neutrino scattering on lead events. We show that, due to the energy thresholds, the ratios of one- to two-neutron events are sensitive to the pinching parameters of neutrino fluxes at the neutrinosphere, almost independently of the presently unknown neutrino properties. Besides, such events have an interesting sensitivity to the spectral split features that depend upon the presence/absence of energy equipartition among neutrino flavors. Our calculations show that a lead-based observatory like the Helium And Lead Observatory (HALO) has the potential to pin down important characteristics of the neutrino fluxes at the neutrinosphere, and provide us with information on the neutrino transport in the supernova core.

  17. Cosmological Constraints on Neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Millea, Marius

    2015-04-01

    The cosmic background of neutrinos (the CNB) created during the big bang has been definitively detected via its gravitational influence. Ongoing measurements are now giving increasingly precise answers to questions such as 1) what is the energy density contained in the CNB? 2) what are the masses of the particles making up the CNB? and 3) are these particles really neutrinos, e.g. do they free-stream like neutrinos? I will discuss answers to these questions from cosmological probes such as baryon acoustic oscillations or local Hubble constant measurements, and with particular focus on the Planck 2015 cosmic microwave background results. One possibility I will explore is if axions of axion-like particles can be masquerading as a component of the CNB. Recent improvements from Planck and from big bang nucleosynthesis measurements have been placing increasingly tight constraints on this scenario.

  18. Popcorn Neutrino Lab

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jason Petula

    Students will participate in a modeling activity that simulates the cyclical role of experimental and theoretical science. Initially, the students will measure the mass of popcorn kernels. While the mass of the kernels are determined, students will also make predictions of the mass of the kernels after they are popped. After the popcorn is popped, the mass of the popcorn is measured. Data is shared and students articulate theories that explain why the masses do not agree. After the experiment, the topic of neutrinos is introduced. Essentially, the unpopped kernels represent neutrons and the popped kernels represent protons, electrons, and neutrinos. As students relate the experiment to the theoretical discovery of the neutrino, dialogue can follow discussing the strengths and weaknesses of the model.

  19. Entanglement in neutrino oscillations

    E-print Network

    Massimo Blasone; Fabio Dell'Anno; Silvio De Siena; Fabrizio Illuminati

    2009-04-17

    Flavor oscillations in elementary particle physics are related to multi-mode entanglement of single-particle states. We show that mode entanglement can be expressed in terms of flavor transition probabilities, and therefore that single-particle entangled states acquire a precise operational characterization in the context of particle mixing. We treat in detail the physically relevant cases of two- and three-flavor neutrino oscillations, including the effective measure of CP violation. We discuss experimental schemes for the transfer of the quantum information encoded in single-neutrino states to spatially delocalized two-flavor charged lepton states, thus showing, at least in principle, that single-particle entangled states of neutrino mixing are legitimate physical resources for quantum information tasks.

  20. Ultrahigh energy neutrino scattering

    SciTech Connect

    Berger, Edmond L. [High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Block, Martin M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States); McKay, Douglas W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (United States); Tan, C.-I [Physics Department, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912 (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Estimates are made of ultrahigh energy neutrino cross sections based on an extrapolation to very small Bjorken x of the logarithmic Froissart dependence in x shown previously to provide an excellent fit to the measured proton structure function F{sub 2}{sup p}(x,Q{sup 2}) over a broad range of the virtuality Q{sup 2}. Expressions are obtained for both the neutral current and the charged current cross sections. Comparison with an extrapolation based on perturbative QCD shows good agreement for energies where both fit data, but our rates are as much as a factor of 10 smaller for neutrino energies above 10{sup 9} GeV, with important implications for experiments searching for extragalactic neutrinos.

  1. CT stereotaxy guided lateral trans-cerebellar programmable fourth ventriculo-peritoneal shunting for symptomatic trapped fourth ventricle.

    PubMed

    Sharma, R R; Pawar, S J; Devadas, R V; Dev, E J

    2001-10-01

    A trapped fourth ventricle is a rare clinico-radiological entity producing symptoms suggestive of a progressive posterior fossa mass lesion. It is mainly reported in children as a late complication of lateral ventricular shunting to relieve infantile post-meningitic or post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus. Optional treatment of the trapped fourth ventricle remains controversial. Placement of fourth ventricular shunting via a conventional midline approach can be fraught with complications in about 40% of the patients. Authors report a successful CT Stereotaxy guided high pressure (80 mm H(2)O) programmable fourth ventriculo-peritoneal shunting via a lateral trans-cerebellar approach in a 14-year-old girl with a trapped fourth ventricle, which occurred as a late complication of ventriculo-peritoneal shunting in her infancy. Her preoperative symptoms of raised intracranial pressure, bobble-head doll syndrome and bilateral abducens palsies completely improved following the surgery. Lateral trans-cerebellar stereotactic placement of the fourth ventricular catheter and the use of high-pressure (low flow) programmable shunt (to avoid complications associated with over drainage) are beneficial in some patients with trapped fourth ventricle. PMID:11532552

  2. Are neutrinos their own antiparticles?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kayser, Boris

    2009-06-01

    We explain the relationship between Majorana neutrinos, which are their own antiparticles, and Majorana neutrino masses. We point out that Majorana masses would make the neutrinos very distinctive particles, and explain why many theorists strongly suspect that neutrinos do have Majorana masses. The promising approach to confirming this suspicion is to seek neutrinoless double beta decay. We introduce a toy model that illustrates why this decay requires nonzero neutrino masses, even when there are both right-handed and left-handed weak currents.

  3. High-energy Cosmogenic Neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahlers, Markus

    Cosmic ray (CR) interactions with the cosmic radiation background are a guaranteed source of high-energy neutrinos. The most optimistic scenario assumes the dominance of CR protons at ultra-high energies (UHE) that rapidly interact with the cosmic microwave background above the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) cutoff. The GZK neutrino prediction of this scenario is testable with present and near-future neutrino observatories. On the other hand, if heavy nuclei dominate the UHE CR spectrum the predictions of GZK neutrinos become smaller by orders of magnitude. I will review the predictions of different UHE CR models and summarize the present status of GZK neutrino searches.

  4. Review of neutrino mass measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, R.G.H.

    1988-01-01

    The current status of the experimental search for neutrino mass is reviewed, with emphasis on direct kinematic methods. New data on the /tau/ neutrino from the Argus collaboration have reduced the upper mass limit a factor of 2. The situation concerning the electron neutrino mass as measured in tritium beta decay is essentially unchanged from a year ago. Simpson and Hime report finding evidence for a 17-keV neutrino in the ..beta.. decay of /sup 35/S. There may be evidence for neutrino mass and mixing in the SN1987a data. 62 refs., 4 figs.

  5. Supernova nucleosynthesis and neutrino oscillation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kajino, T.; Aoki, W.; Cheoun, M.-K.; Chiba, S.; Fujiya, W.; Hayakawa, T.; Mathews, G. J.; Nakamura, K.; Shaku, K.; Yoshida, T.

    2012-04-01

    Neutrinos play the critical roles in nucleosynthesis of light-to-heavy mass nuclei like 7Li, 11B, 138La and 180Ta in core-collapse supernovae. We find average neutrino temperatures of three flavor neutrinos so that the supernova nucleosynthesis models of the neutrino-process and the r-process can explain the observed solar-system abundance and Galactic chemical evolution of these isotopes. We propose a method to determine the unknown neutrino oscillation parameters ?13 and mass hierarchy by the use of the MSW effects on the supernova nucleosynthesis.

  6. Cosmology: Neutrinos also as one Kind of Dark Matter

    E-print Network

    Hwang, W-Y Pauchy

    2010-01-01

    In an effort to understand the large quantity of dark matter (25% versus 5% of the visible ordinary matter), we try to make "family symmetry" as another gauge symmetry and identify it as the main source of dark matter. This results in the SU_c(3) \\times SU(2) \\times U(1) \\times SU_f(3) extended Standard Model, but species in all the "visible ordinary matter", except the neutrinos, don't couple, except indirectly or only through higher order, to SU_f(3) (the dark matter sector). In this brief report, we try to illustrate this aspect with an eye to detect the dark matter, through the detection of the neutrinos, the hypothetical species that couple directly to the dark-matter world - neutrinos are also one kind of dark matter.

  7. Flavor oscillations of supernova neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mirizzi, Alessandro

    2012-08-01

    Neutrinos emitted by core-collapse supernovae (SNe) represent an important laboratory for both particle physics and astrophysics. While propagating in the dense SN environment, they can feel not only the presence of background matter (via ordinary Mikheev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein effects) but also of the gas of neutrinos and antineutrinos (via neutrino-neutrino interaction effects). The MSW effect would imprint on SN neutrinos a track of the shock-wave propagation and of the matter turbulences in the stellar envelope. Moreover, the neutrino-neutrino interactions appear to modify the flavor evolution of SN neutrinos in a collective way, completely different from the ordinary matter effects. In these conditions, the flavor evolution equations become highly nonlinear, sometimes resulting in surprising phenomena when the entire neutrino system oscillates coherently as a single collective mode. In this talk, I will present the recent results on supernova neutrino flavor conversions and I will discuss about the sensitivity of these effects to the ordering of the neutrino mass spectrum.

  8. The problems with solar neutrinos

    SciTech Connect

    Beier, E.W. [Department of Physics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6396 (United States)

    1995-05-10

    Nuclear fusion processes in the center of the sun produce neutrinos as well as photons. Detection of these neutrinos constrains both the intrinsic properties of the neutrinos, such as their mass and mixing, and the models of the sun used to calculate the solar neutrino flux. Three new experiments have reported measurements of solar neutrinos in the past five years, supplementing the pioneering experiment begun in the Homestake mine in South Dakota in the 1960`s. These experiments expose two problems which may indicate that neutrinos have non-zero mass. The next generation of experiments will determine if non-zero neutrino mass effects are the cause of the problems observed in the existing data. A brief summary of progress and the future resolution of these problems is presented. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

  9. Report on the FOURTH WORKSHOP ON AUTOMATED REASONING

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Michael

    invited speakers, particularly Jeff Paris (Victoria University of Manchester) and Ray Reiter (University University), and financial support was provided by the AISB, the Manchester Metropolitan University, April 1997, Manchester, UK ] 1 INTRODUCTION The 1997 Automated Reasoning Workshop was the fourth

  10. 39. FOURTH FLOOR: DETAIL OF STEAM HEATING PIPES ON NORTHEAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    39. FOURTH FLOOR: DETAIL OF STEAM HEATING PIPES ON NORTHEAST WALL OF DINING AND SOCIAL HALL ON NORTHWEST END OF BUILDING LOOKING NORTHEAST - Masonic Temple, 1111-1119 Eleventh Street, Altoona, Blair County, PA

  11. Man and Energy, Module C. Fourth Grade. Pilot Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasco County Schools, Dade City, FL.

    This booklet is one of a set of learning modules on energy for use by students and teachers in the fourth grade. This module investigates solar energy, ecology, and fossil fuels. Included are laboratory activities and values exercises. (BT)

  12. FOURTH FLOOR, NORTH HALF. VIEW NORTH SHOWING LINE OF PHOENIX ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    FOURTH FLOOR, NORTH HALF. VIEW NORTH SHOWING LINE OF PHOENIX COLUMNS. - Colt Fire Arms Company, East Armory Building, 36-150 Huyshope Avenue, 17-170 Van Dyke Avenue, 49 Vredendale Avenue, Hartford, Hartford County, CT

  13. Proceedings of the Fourth PHANTOM Users Group Workshop

    E-print Network

    Salisbury, J. Kenneth

    1999-11-04

    This Report contains the proceedings of the Fourth Phantom Users Group Workshop contains 17 papers presented October 9-12, 1999 at MIT Endicott House in Dedham Massachusetts. The workshop included sessions on, Tools ...

  14. 11. SANDSORTING BUILDING, FOURTH FLOOR; ELEVATOR No. 2 AT LEFT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. SAND-SORTING BUILDING, FOURTH FLOOR; ELEVATOR No. 2 AT LEFT CENTER, VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST - Mill "C" Complex, Sand-Sorting Building, South of Dee Bennet Road, near Illinois River, Ottawa, La Salle County, IL

  15. 30. GENERAL TEST ROOM IN 1946 ADDITION, FOURTH FLOOR, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. GENERAL TEST ROOM IN 1946 ADDITION, FOURTH FLOOR, LOOKING WEST. ORIGINALLY HAD SUSPENDED ACOUSTICAL CEILINGS WITH FLOURESCENT LIGHTING AND ASPHALT MASTIC TILE FLOORS - Underwriters' Laboratories, 207-231 East Ohio Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

  16. View of fourth level platform from north. Note the outline ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of fourth level platform from north. Note the outline of the Shuttle cargo bay and wing formed by the edge of the platforms. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility, East Test Area, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

  17. Detail view of fourth level platform winch used to lift ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail view of fourth level platform winch used to lift platform segments away from the Shuttle assembly during testing. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility, East Test Area, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

  18. 15. BUILDING 1: FOURTH FLOOR (West Section), TOP LEVEL OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. BUILDING 1: FOURTH FLOOR (West Section), TOP LEVEL OF TUBS, SOUTH AND WEST WALLS. OPEN METAL BREWER'S STAIR VISIBLE ALONG WEST WALL - Boston Beer Company, 225-249 West Second Street, South Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  19. 25. VIEW FOURTH FLOOR, ELEVATOR PULLEY TRANSPORT SYSTEM, LOOKING AT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. VIEW FOURTH FLOOR, ELEVATOR PULLEY TRANSPORT SYSTEM, LOOKING AT TOP MAIN WOOD AND STEEL BEAM SUPPORT SYSTEM, NORTHWEST - Bates Manufacturing Company, Storehouse, Northeast corner of Chestnut Street & Hines Alley, Lewiston, Androscoggin County, ME

  20. Using Fourth Generation Language to Develop and Monitor the Budget.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Walter R.

    1988-01-01

    Describes the implementation of a FOCUS, a fourth-generation language (4GL) database management system for the St. Louis (Missouri) Public Schools, that allows for the analysis of individual department or school files and the districtwide file. (MLF)

  1. John Street (South) Elevation (Second through Fourth Floors, Terra Cotta ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    John Street (South) Elevation (Second through Fourth Floors, Terra Cotta detailed window surrounds at the corner of John Street and Broadway) - View from rooftop of 10 John Street - Corbin Building, 11 John Street, New York, New York County, NY

  2. John Street (South) Elevation (Fourth through Sixth Floors, Terra Cotta ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    John Street (South) Elevation (Fourth through Sixth Floors, Terra Cotta detailed window surrounds at the corner of John Street and Broadway) - View from rooftop of 10 John Street - Corbin Building, 11 John Street, New York, New York County, NY

  3. 43. BOILER HOUSE FOURTH FLOOR, CLOSER VIEW OF STACKS, FORCED ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    43. BOILER HOUSE FOURTH FLOOR, CLOSER VIEW OF STACKS, FORCED DRAFT FANS, AND COAL BUNKER - Delaware County Electric Company, Chester Station, Delaware River at South end of Ward Street, Chester, Delaware County, PA

  4. 42. BOILER HOUSE FOURTH FLOOR, FORCED DRAFT FANS ABOVE BOILERS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    42. BOILER HOUSE FOURTH FLOOR, FORCED DRAFT FANS ABOVE BOILERS (SEE DRAWING Nos. 10 & 11 OF 13) - Delaware County Electric Company, Chester Station, Delaware River at South end of Ward Street, Chester, Delaware County, PA

  5. 44. BOILER HOUSE FOURTH FLOOR, GENERAL VIEW OF BASE OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    44. BOILER HOUSE FOURTH FLOOR, GENERAL VIEW OF BASE OF STACKS, FORCED DRAFT FANS, AND COAL BUNKER LOOKING TO COAL BUNKER - Delaware County Electric Company, Chester Station, Delaware River at South end of Ward Street, Chester, Delaware County, PA

  6. Neutrino mass and mixing implied by underground deficit of low energy muon-neutrino events

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John G. Learned; Sandip Pakvasa; Thomas J. Weiler

    1988-01-01

    Recent observations of a deficit of cosmic ray muon-neutrino interactions in underground detectors suggest that the muon neutrinos may have oscillated to another state. We examine possible neutrino mass and mixing patterns, and their implications for vacuum and matter effects on solar neutrinos, on neutrinos passing through the earth, and on terrastrial neutrino beams. By invoking the see-saw mechanism of

  7. Family Theory and Family Health Research

    PubMed Central

    Doherty, William J.

    1991-01-01

    Different family theories can be applied to different aspects of how families experience health and illness. The family health and illness cycle describes the phases of a family's experience, beginning with health promotion and risk reduction, then family vulnerability and disease onset or relapse, family illness appraisal, family acute response, and finally family adaptation to illness and recovery. For each phase, specific family theories that are most appropriate for guiding family and health research are discussed. PMID:21229056

  8. Nonstandard neutrino interactions and transition magnetic moments

    E-print Network

    Kristopher J. Healey; Alexey A. Petrov; Dmitry Zhuridov

    2014-03-03

    We constrain generic nonstandard neutrino interactions with existing experimental data on neutrino transition magnetic moments and derive strong bounds on tensorial couplings of neutrinos to charged fermions. We also discuss how some of these tensorial couplings can be constrained by other experiments, e.g., on neutrino-electron and neutrino-nucleus scattering.

  9. Neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino physics

    E-print Network

    Werner Rodejohann

    2012-08-20

    The connection of neutrino physics with neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. After presenting the current status of the PMNS matrix and the theoretical background of neutrino mass and lepton mixing, we will summarize the various implications of neutrino physics for double beta decay. The influence of light sterile neutrinos and other exotic modifications of the three neutrino picture is also discussed.

  10. The geometry of fourth-order differential operator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bakhshandeh-Chamazkoti, Rohollah

    2015-04-01

    In the present paper, the equivalence problem for fourth-order differential operators with one variable under general fiber-preserving transformation using the Cartan method of equivalence is applied. Two versions of equivalence problems are considered. First, the direct equivalence problem and second equivalence problem is to determine the sufficient and necessary conditions on two fourth-order differential operators such that there exists a fiber-preserving transformation mapping one to the other according to gauge equivalence.

  11. Search for fourth sound propagation in supersolid 4He

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Aoki; H. Kojima; X. Lin

    2008-01-01

    A systematic study is carried out to search for fourth sound propagation solid 4He samples below 500 mK down to 40 mK between 25 and 56 bar using the techniques of heat pulse generator and titanium superconducting transition edge bolometer. If solid 4He is endowed with superfluidity below 200 mK, as indicated by recent torsional oscillator experiments, theories predict fourth

  12. Reflected fourth-harmonic radiation from a centrosymmetric crystal.

    PubMed

    Lee, Y S; Downer, M C

    1998-06-15

    We present measurements of fourth-harmonic generation in reflection from the interface between two centrosymmetric media [Si(001)- SiO(2)] , using femtosecond pulses well below damage threshold. Analyses of signal amplitudes, rotational anisotropy, and sensitivity to surface roughening reveal that the surface dipole fourth-harmonic contribution dominates the bulk quadrupole contribution much more strongly than for second-harmonic generation. PMID:18087383

  13. Reflected fourth-harmonic radiation from a centrosymmetric crystal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y.-S. Lee; M. C. Downer

    1998-01-01

    We present measurements of fourth-harmonic generation in reflection from the interface between two centrosymmetric media [Si(001) SiO] , using femtosecond pulses well below damage threshold. Analyses of signal amplitudes, rotational anisotropy, and sensitivity to surface roughening reveal that the surface dipole fourth-harmonic contribution dominates the bulk quadrupole contribution much more strongly than for second-harmonic generation. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital Optical

  14. Reflected fourth-harmonic radiation from a centrosymmetric crystal

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Y.; Downer, M.C. [Department of Physics, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    1998-06-01

    We present measurements of fourth-harmonic generation in reflection from the interface between two centrosymmetric media [Si(001){endash} SiO{sub 2}] , using femtosecond pulses well below damage threshold. Analyses of signal amplitudes, rotational anisotropy, and sensitivity to surface roughening reveal that the surface dipole fourth-harmonic contribution dominates the bulk quadrupole contribution much more strongly than for second-harmonic generation. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital Optical Society of America}

  15. SALVO: a fourth-generation language for personal computers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marvin Elder

    1984-01-01

    Personal computer users are generally nontechnical people. Fourth-generation products can be of great assistance to these users, especially to those who have no access to database administrators or other computer professionals. SALVO is a fourth-generation language for personal computers. This product was developed over a three-year period. Since the first working prototype (August 1982), this product has evolved into areas

  16. Fourth Generation Pseudoscalar Quarkonium Production and Observability at Hadron Colliders

    E-print Network

    Arik, E; Cetin, S A; Sultansoy, S F; 10.1103/PhysRevD.66.116006

    2002-01-01

    The pseudoscalar quarkonium state, eta_4 1^S_0, formed by the Standard Model (SM) fourth generation quarks, is the best candidate among the fourth generation quarkonia to be produced at the LHC and VLHC. The production of this J^{PC} = 0^{-+} resonance is discussed and the background processes are studied to obtain the integrated luminosity limits for the discovery, depending on its mass.

  17. Fourth Generation Pseudoscalar Quarkonium Production and Observability at Hadron Colliders

    E-print Network

    E. Arik; O. Cakir; S. A. Cetin; S. Sultansoy

    2002-08-21

    The pseudoscalar quarkonium state, eta_4 1^S_0, formed by the Standard Model (SM) fourth generation quarks, is the best candidate among the fourth generation quarkonia to be produced at the LHC and VLHC. The production of this J^{PC} = 0^{-+} resonance is discussed and the background processes are studied to obtain the integrated luminosity limits for the discovery, depending on its mass.

  18. FAMILY GEMINIVIRIDAE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses geminivirus study group has revised the description of the family Geminiviridae for inclusion in the ICTV 8th report. Characteristic features of each genus within the family is presented. Revised criteria for demarcation and nomenclature of vi...

  19. FAMILY POTYVIRIDAE

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses potyvirus study group has revised the description of the family Geminiviridae for inclusion in the ICTV 8th report. Characteristic features of each genus within the family is presented. Revised criteria for demarcation and nomenclature of vira...

  20. Family Empowerment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinclair, Mary F., Ed.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    This feature issue of IMPACT focuses on the empowerment of families with a member who has a developmental disability. It presents strategies and models for a collaborative, respectful approach to service provision, and presents the experiences of families in seeking support and assistance. Feature articles include "Two Generations of Disability: A…

  1. Family Potyviridae

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses potyvirus study group has revised the description of the family Potyviridae for inclusion in the ICTV 9th report. Characteristic features of each genus within the family is presented. Revised criteria for demarcation and nomenclature of viral sp...

  2. Family Workshops

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Dave; Rees-Jones, Tanny

    1978-01-01

    A Family Workshop is an informal, multidisciplined educational program for adults and children, organized by a team of teachers. This article discusses the Lavender Hill Family Workshop, one of many, which attempts to provide education in various subject areas for adults and for children while also integrating both objectives in order to educate…

  3. Family Policies and Academic Achievement by Young Children in Single-Parent Families: An International Comparison. Population Research Institute Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pong, Suet-ling; Dronkers, Jaap; Hampden-Thompson, Gillian

    This study investigates the differences in the degree of low academic achievement of third and fourth graders living with single-parent families from 11 industrialized countries. The United States ranks first among the countries compared in terms of the achievement gap for children in single- and two-parent families. After controlling for…

  4. Experimental Neutrino Physics

    ScienceCinema

    Chris Walter

    2010-01-08

    In this talk, I will review how a set of experiments in the last decade has given us our current understanding of neutrino properties.  I will show how experiments in the last year or two have clarified this picture, and will discuss how new experiments about to start will address remaining questions.  I will particularly emphasize the relationship between various experimental techniques.

  5. Low energy neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ranucci, G.; Bellini, G.; Benziger, J.; Bick, D.; Bonfini, G.; Bravo, D.; Buizza Avanzini, M.; Caccianiga, B.; Cadonati, L.; Calaprice, F.; Cavalcante, P.; Chavarria, A.; Chepurnov, A.; D'Angelo, D.; Davini, S.; Derbin, A.; Empl, A.; Etenko, A.; Fomenko, K.; Franco, D.; Galbiati, C.; Gazzana, S.; Ghiano, C.; Giammarchi, M.; Goeger-Neff, M.; Goretti, A.; Grandi, L.; Hagner, C.; Hungenford, E.; Ianni, Al.; Ianni, An.; Kobychev, V.; Korablev, D.; Korga, G.; Kryn, D.; Laubenstein, M.; Lewke, T.; Litvinovich, E.; Loer, B.; Lombardi, F.; Lombardi, P.; Ludhova, L.; Lukyanchenko, G.; Machulin, I.; Manecki, S.; Maneschg, W.; Manuzio, G.; Meindl, Q.; Meroni, E.; Miramonti, L.; Misiaszek, M.; Mllenberg, R.; Mosteiro, P.; Muratova, V.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Ortica, F.; Otis, K.; Pallavicini, M.; Papp, L.; Perasso, L.; Perasso, S.; Pocar, A.; Raghavan, R. S.; Ranucci, G.; Razeto, A.; Re, A.; Romani, A.; Rossi, N.; Saldanha, R.; Salvo, C.; Schönert, S.; Simgen, H.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Smirnov, O.; Sotnikov, A.; Sukhotin, S.; Suvorov, Y.; Tartaglia, R.; Testera, G.; Vignaud, D.; Vogelaar, R. B.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Winter, J.; Wojcik, M.; Wright, A.; Wurm, M.; Xu, J.; Zaimidoroga, O.; Zavatarelli, S.; Zuzel, G.

    2014-05-01

    Low energy neutrino investigation has been one of the most active fields of particle physics research over the past decades, accumulating important and sometimes unexpected achievements. In this work some of the most recent impressive successes will be reviewed, as well as the future perspectives of this exciting area of study.

  6. Neutrinos from Protoneutron Stars

    E-print Network

    S. Reddy; J. Pons; M. Prakash; J. M. Lattimer

    1998-02-24

    We study the diffusive transport of neutrinos in a newly born neutron star to explore its sensitivity to dense matter properties. Energy and lepton number which are trapped during the catastrophic implosion diffuse out on the time scale of a few tens of seconds. Results for different dense matter models are presented.

  7. Chlorine solar neutrino experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Rowley, J.K.; Cleveland, B.T.; Davis R. Jr.

    1985-01-25

    The chlorine solar neutrino experiment in the Homestake Gold Mine is described and the results obtained with the chlorine detector over the last fourteen years are summarized and discussed. Background processes producing /sup 37/Ar and the question of the constancy of the production rate of /sup 37/Ar are given special emphasis.

  8. Chlorine solar neutrino experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Rowley, J.K.; Cleveland, B.T.; Davis, R. Jr.

    1984-01-01

    The chlorine solar neutrino experiment in the Homestake Gold Mine is described and the results obtained with the chlorine detector over the last fourteen years are summarized and discussed. Background processes producing /sup 37/Ar and the question of the constancy of the production rate of /sup 37/Ar are given special emphasis.

  9. Neutrino factory in Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mori, Yoshiharu

    2000-11-01

    A possible scheme of the neutrino factory in Japan based on the 50-GeV PS of the KEK-JAERI joint project is described. In this scheme, beam power of about 1 MW is expected from the 50-GeV PS with a repetition rate of about 0.4 Hz.

  10. [Family ideology].

    PubMed

    Kornblit, A

    1982-06-01

    This paper treats the definition of the concept of family ideology linking it to that of social ideology. In both cases the ideology is seen as patterns of messages that obey certain semantic rules. Within the family context, it is considered that the conditions of production of the ideology are, concerning the profound structures, the unconscious oedipus conflict and kindred system that determines the family organization. Concerning the surface structures, the myths and beliefs that appear in each group as an answer to the need of accounting for the conflicts inherent to the family structure. The family ideology guides the subjects to places predetermined by the oedipus conflicts, "semanticizes" the conflicts and tends to dissimulate the conditions of production through the illusion that the subject is the producer. To analyze the family ideology, the following items must be taken into account: 1) Which are the semantic lines that are privileged in the couple and parent-children relationships. 2) The relations between the semantic lines established by the articulation rules prescribed by the cultural system. 3) The elementary forms of the ideological universe (the "actantial" model applied to family relationships). These three aspects articulate between themselves through transformation rules. PMID:7136827

  11. Pseudo-dirac neutrinos: a challenge for neutrino telescopes.

    PubMed

    Beacom, John F; Bell, Nicole F; Hooper, Dan; Learned, John G; Pakvasa, Sandip; Weiler, Thomas J

    2004-01-01

    Neutrinos may be pseudo-Dirac states, such that each generation is actually composed of two maximally mixed Majorana neutrinos separated by a tiny mass difference. The usual active neutrino oscillation phenomenology would be unaltered if the pseudo-Dirac splittings are deltam(2) less, similar 10(-12) eV(2); in addition, neutrinoless double beta decay would be highly suppressed. However, it may be possible to distinguish pseudo-Dirac from Dirac neutrinos using high-energy astrophysical neutrinos. By measuring flavor ratios as a function of L/E, mass-squared differences down to deltam(2) approximately 10(-18) eV(2) can be reached. We comment on the possibility of probing cosmological parameters with neutrinos. PMID:14753977

  12. Flavour-dependent radiative correction to neutrino-neutrino refraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mirizzi, Alessandro; Pozzorini, Stefano; Raffelt, Georg G.; Serpico, Pasquale D.

    2009-10-01

    In the framework of the Standard Model we calculate the flavour non-universal correction for neutrino refraction in a neutrino background and verify a similar previous result for the case of ordinary-matter background. The dominant term arises at loop level and involves ? leptons circulating in the loop. These Script O(GFm?2) corrections to the tree-level potential provide the dominant refractive difference between ?? and ?? unless the medium contains ? or ? leptons. Our results affect the flavour evolution of dense neutrino gases and may be of interest for collective three-flavour oscillations of supernova neutrinos. We spell out explicitly how these non-universal neutrino-neutrino interactions enter the flavour oscillation equations.

  13. Precision Solar Neutrino Measurements with the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    SciTech Connect

    Oblath, Noah [Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2007-10-26

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is the first experiment to measure the total flux of active, high-energy neutrinos from the sun. Results from SNO have solved the long-standing 'Solar Neutrino Problem' by demonstrating that neutrinos change flavor. SNO measured the total neutrino flux with the neutral-current interaction of solar neutrinos with 1000 tonnes of D{sub 2}O. In the first two phases of the experiment we detected the neutron from that interaction by capture on deuterium and capture on chlorine, respectively. In the third phase an array of {sup 3}He proportional counters was deployed in the detector. This allows a measurement of the neutral-current neutrons that is independent of the Cherenkov light detected by the PMT array. We are currently developing a unique, detailed simulation of the current pulses from the proportional-counter array that will be used to help distinguish signal and background pulses.

  14. Global status of neutrino oscillation parameters after Neutrino-2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forero, D. V.; Tórtola, M.; Valle, J. W. F.

    2012-10-01

    Here we update the global fit of neutrino oscillations in Refs. [T. Schwetz, M. Tortola, and J. W. F. Valle, New J. Phys. 13, 063004 (2011); T. Schwetz, M. Tortola, and J. W. F. Valle, New J. Phys. 13, 109401 (2011)] including the recent measurements of reactor antineutrino disappearance reported by the Double Chooz, Daya Bay, and RENO experiments, together with latest MINOS and T2K appearance and disappearance results, as presented at the Neutrino-2012 conference. We find that the preferred global fit value of ?13 is quite large: sin?2?13?0.025 for normal and inverted neutrino mass ordering, with ?13=0 now excluded at more than 10?. The impact of the new ?13 measurements over the other neutrino oscillation parameters is discussed as well as the role of the new long-baseline neutrino data and the atmospheric neutrino analysis in the determination of a non-maximal atmospheric angle ?23.

  15. Measurement of atmospheric neutrino oscillations with the ANTARES neutrino telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adrián-Martínez, S.; Al Samarai, I.; Albert, A.; André, M.; Anghinolfi, M.; Anton, G.; Anvar, S.; Ardid, M.; Astraatmadja, T.; Aubert, J.-J.; Baret, B.; Basa, S.; Bertin, V.; Biagi, S.; Bigongiari, C.; Bogazzi, C.; Bou-Cabo, M.; Bouhou, B.; Bouwhuis, M. C.; Brunner, J.; Busto, J.; Capone, A.; Cârloganu, C.; Carr, J.; Cecchini, S.; Charif, Z.; Charvis, Ph.; Chiarusi, T.; Circella, M.; Coniglione, R.; Core, L.; Costantini, H.; Coyle, P.; Creusot, A.; Curtil, C.; de Bonis, G.; Decowski, M. P.; Dekeyser, I.; Deschamps, A.; Distefano, C.; Donzaud, C.; Dornic, D.; Dorosti, Q.; Drouhin, D.; Eberl, T.; Emanuele, U.; Enzenhöfer, A.; Ernenwein, J.-P.; Escoffier, S.; Fehn, K.; Fermani, P.; Ferri, M.; Ferry, S.; Flaminio, V.; Folger, F.; Fritsch, U.; Fuda, J.-L.; Galatà, S.; Gay, P.; Geyer, K.; Giacomelli, G.; Giordano, V.; Gleixner, A.; Gómez-González, J. P.; Graf, K.; Guillard, G.; Hallewell, G.; Hamal, M.; van Haren, H.; Heijboer, A. J.; Hello, Y.; Hernández-Rey, J. J.; Herold, B.; Hößl, J.; Hsu, C. C.; de Jong, M.; Kadler, M.; Kalekin, O.; Kappes, A.; Katz, U.; Kavatsyuk, O.; Kooijman, P.; Kopper, C.; Kouchner, A.; Kreykenbohm, I.; Kulikovskiy, V.; Lahmann, R.; Lambard, G.; Larosa, G.; Lattuada, D.; Lefèvre, D.; Lim, G.; Lo Presti, D.; Loehner, H.; Loucatos, S.; Louis, F.; Mangano, S.; Marcelin, M.; Margiotta, A.; Martínez-Mora, J. A.; Meli, A.; Montaruli, T.; Morganti, M.; Moscoso, L.; Motz, H.; Neff, M.; Nezri, E.; Palioselitis, D.; P?v?la?, G. E.; Payet, K.; Petrovic, J.; Piattelli, P.; Popa, V.; Pradier, T.; Presani, E.; Racca, C.; Reed, C.; Riccobene, G.; Richardt, C.; Richter, R.; Rivière, C.; Robert, A.; Roensch, K.; Rostovtsev, A.; Ruiz-Rivas, J.; Rujoiu, M.; Russo, G. V.; Samtleben, D. F. E.; Sánchez-Losa, A.; Sapienza, P.; Schmid, J.; Schnabel, J.; Schöck, F.; Schuller, J.-P.; Schüssler, F.; Seitz, T.; Shanidze, R.; Simeone, F.; Spies, A.; Spurio, M.; Steijger, J. J. M.; Stolarczyk, Th.; Taiuti, M.; Tamburini, C.; Trovato, A.; Vallage, B.; Vallée, C.; van Elewyck, V.; Vecchi, M.; Vernin, P.; Visser, E.; Wagner, S.; Wijnker, G.; Wilms, J.; de Wolf, E.; Yepes, H.; Zaborov, D.; Zornoza, J. D.; Zúñiga, J.; ANTARES Collaboration

    2012-08-01

    The data taken with the ANTARES neutrino telescope from 2007 to 2010, a total live time of 863 days, are used to measure the oscillation parameters of atmospheric neutrinos. Muon tracks are reconstructed with energies as low as 20 GeV. Neutrino oscillations will cause a suppression of vertical upgoing muon neutrinos of such energies crossing the Earth. The parameters determining the oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos are extracted by fitting the event rate as a function of the ratio of the estimated neutrino energy and reconstructed flight path through the Earth. Measurement contours of the oscillation parameters in a two-flavour approximation are derived. Assuming maximal mixing, a mass difference of ?m322=(3.1±0.9)?10-3 eV is obtained, in good agreement with the world average value.

  16. Neutrino Intrinsic Properties: The Neutrino-Antineutrino Relation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kayser, Boris

    2005-01-01

    Are neutrinos their own antiparticles? We explain why they very well might be. Then, after highlighting the fact that, to determine experimentally whether they are or not, one must overcome the smallness of neutrino masses, we discuss the one approach that nevertheless shows great promise. Finally, we turn to the consequences of neutrinos being their own antiparticles. These consequences include unusual electromagnetic properties, and manifestly CP-violating effects from "Majorana" phases that have no quark analogues.

  17. Neutrino Intrinsic Properties:. The Neutrino-Antineutrino Relation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kayser, Boris

    2006-03-01

    Are neutrinos their own antiparticles? We explain why they very well might be. Then, after highlighting the fact that, to determine experimentally whether they are or not, one must overcome the smallness of neutrino masses, we discuss the one approach that nevertheless shows great promise. Finally, we turn to the consequences of neutrinos being their own antiparticles. These consequences include unusual electromagnetic properties, and manifestly CP-violating effects from "Majorana" phases that have no quark analogues.

  18. Global three-neutrino oscillation analysis of neutrino data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; M. Maltoni; C. Pena-Garay; J. W. F. Valle

    2001-01-01

    A global analysis of the solar, atmospheric and reactor neutrino data is\\u000apresented in terms of three-neutrino oscillations. We include the most recent\\u000asolar neutrino rates of Homestake, SAGE, GALLEX and GNO, as well as the recent\\u000a1117 day Super-Kamiokande data sample, including the recoil electron energy\\u000aspectrum both for day and night periods and we treat in a unified

  19. Family-Friendly Employment Policies: What do People Want?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah Morrison

    2006-01-01

    This research examines what people want in terms of family-friendly employment policies within the workplace. Two groups were compared: undergraduate students preparing themselves for the workforce and Baby Boomers that are about to, or already have, retired. The sample was chosen from current University of Connecticut fourth year students and alumni who graduated from the University of Connecticut between 1970

  20. Communicating with Terminally Ill Cancer Patients and Their Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hjorleifsdottir, Elisabet; Carter, Diana E.

    2000-01-01

    Interviews with 12 fourth-year student nurses in Scotland indicated that they found communicating with terminally ill and dying patients and their families difficult. Although lectures on death and dying were helpful, support and guidance for dealing with these issues in clinical practice were needed. (SK)

  1. Non-unitary neutrino propagation from neutrino decay

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berryman, Jeffrey M.; de Gouvêa, André; Hernández, Daniel; Oliveira, Roberto L. N.

    2015-03-01

    Neutrino propagation in space-time is not constrained to be unitary if very light states - lighter than the active neutrinos - exist into which neutrinos may decay. If this is the case, neutrino flavor-change is governed by a handful of extra mixing and "oscillation" parameters, including new sources of CP-invariance violation. We compute the transition probabilities in the two- and three-flavor scenarios and discuss the different phenomenological consequences of the new physics. These are qualitatively different from other sources of unitarity violation discussed in the literature.

  2. Searching for hep Neutrinos using the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    E-print Network

    Howard, Chris

    2009-01-01

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory has recently finished its third and final phase, and has accumulated over 1082 days of neutrino data, spanning the energy range from approximately 5-20 MeV. Almost all the observed neutrinos are due to the 8B reaction in the Sun. The so-called hep process (3He + p -> 4He + e + nu_e) also occurs in the Sun, but has not yet been observed. hep neutrino energy endpoint extends above the 8B spectrum. This paper describes the three phase analysis that will ultimately be the most sensitive to this reaction.

  3. Solar Neutrino Data, Neutrino Magnetic Moments and Flavor Mixing

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov; A. Lanza; S. T. Petcov

    1994-11-15

    The results of all currently operating solar neutrino experiments are analyzed in the framework of the resonant neutrino spin--flavor precession scenario including the effects of neutrino mixing. Nine different profiles of the solar magnetic field are used in the calculations. It is shown that the available experimental data can be accounted for within the considered scenario. The Ga--Ge data lead to an upper limit on the neutrino mixing angle: $\\sin 2\\theta_0 \\aprle 0.25$. One can discriminate between small mixing angle ($\\sin 2\\theta_0 \\aprle 0.1$) and moderate mixing angle solutions by studying the solar $\\bar{\

  4. First Neutrino Observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McDonald, A. B.; Boulay, M. G.; Bovin, E.; Chen, M.; Duncan, F. A.; Earle, E. D.; Evans, H. C.; Ewan, G. T.; Ford, R. J.; Hallin, A. L.; Harvey, P. J.; Hepburn, J. D.; Jillings, C.; Lee, H. W.; Leslie, J. R.; Mak, H. B.; McDonald, A. B.; McLatchie, W.; Moffat, B. A.; Robertson, B. C.; Skensved, P.; Sur, B.; Blevis, I.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; Davidson, W.; Farine, J.; Grant, D. R.; Hargrove, C. K.; Levine, I.; McFarlane, K.; Noble, T.; Novikov, V. M.; O'Neill, M.; Shatkay, M.; Shewchuk, C.; Sinclair, D.; Andersen, T.; Chon, M. C.; Jagam, P.; Law, J.; Lawson, I. T.; Ollerhead, R. W.; Simpson, J. J.; Tagg, N.; Wang, J. X.; Bigu, J.; Cowan, J. H. M.; Hallman, E. D.; Haq, R. U.; Hewett, J.; Hykawy, J. G.; Jonkmans, G.; Roberge, A.; Saettler, E.; Schwendener, M. H.; Seifert, H.; Tafirout, R.; Virtue, C. J.; Gil, S.; Heise, J.; Helmer, R.; Komar, R. J.; Kutter, T.; Nally, C. W.; Ng, H. S.; Schubank, R.; Tserkovnyak, Y.; Waltham, C. E.; Beier, E. W.; Cowen, D. F.; Frank, E. D.; Frati, W.; Keener, P. T.; Klein, J. R.; Kyba, C.; McDonald, D. S.; Neubauer, M. S.; Newcomer, F. M.; Rusu, V.; Van Berg, R.; Van de Water, R. G.; Wittich, P.; Bowles, T. J.; Brice, S. J.; Dragowsky, M.; Fowler, M. M.; Goldschmidt, A.; Hamer, A.; Hime, A.; Kirch, K.; Wilhelmy, J. B.; Wouters, J. M.; Chan, Y. D.; Chen, X.; Isaac, M. C. P.; Lesko, K. T.; Marino, A. D.; Norman, E. B.; Okada, C. E.; Poon, A. W. P.; Smith, A. R.; Schuelke, A.; Stokstad, R. G.; Ahmad, Q. R.; Browne, M. C.; Bullard, T. V.; Doe, P. J.; Duba, C. A.; Elliott, S. R.; Fardon, R.; Germani, J. V.; Hamian, A. A.; Heeger, K. M.; Drees, R. Meijer; Orrell, J.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Schaffer, K.; Smith, M. W. E.; Steiger, T. D.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Barton, J. C.; Biller, S.; Black, R.; Boardman, R.; Bowler, M.; Cameron, J.; Cleveland, B.; Doucas, G.; Ferraris; Fergami, H.; Frame, K.; Heron, H.; Howard, C.; Jelley, N. A.; Knox, A. B.; Lay, M.; Locke, W.; Lyon, J.; McCaulay, N.; Majerus, S.; MacGregor, G.; Moorhead, M.; Omori, M.; Tanner, N. W.; Taplin, R.; Thorman, M.; Trent, P. T.; Wark, D. L.; West, N.; Boger, J.; Hahn, R. L.; Rowley, J. K.; Yeh, M.; Allen, R. G.; Buhler, G.; Chen, H. H.

    The first neutrino observations from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory are presented from preliminary analyses. Based on energy, direction and location, the data in the region of interest appear to be dominated by 8B solar neutrinos, detected by the charged current reaction on deuterium and elastic scattering from electrons, with very little background. Measurements of radioactive backgrounds indicate that the measurement of all active neutrino types via the neutral current reaction on deuterium will be possible with small systematic uncertainties. Quantitative results for the fluxes observed with these reactions will be provided when further calibrations have been completed.

  5. Homestake result, sterile neutrinos and low energy solar neutrino experiments

    E-print Network

    P. C. de Holanda; A. Yu. Smirnov

    2004-03-29

    The Homestake result is about ~ 2 \\sigma lower than the Ar-production rate, Q_{Ar}, predicted by the LMA MSW solution of the solar neutrino problem. Also there is no apparent upturn of the energy spectrum (R \\equiv N_{obs}/N_{SSM}) at low energies in SNO and Super-Kamiokande. Both these facts can be explained if a light, \\Delta m^2_{01} ~ (0.2 - 2) \\cdot 10^{-5} eV^2, sterile neutrino exists which mixes very weakly with active neutrinos: \\sin^2 2\\alpha ~ (10^{-5} - 10^{-3}). We perform both the analytical and numerical study of the conversion effects in the system of two active neutrinos with the LMA parameters and one weakly mixed sterile neutrino. The presence of sterile neutrino leads to a dip in the survival probability in the intermediate energy range E = (0.5 - 5) MeV thus suppressing the Be, or/and pep, CNO as well as B electron neutrino fluxes. Apart from diminishing Q_{Ar} it leads to decrease of the Ge-production rate and may lead to decrease of the BOREXINO signal and CC/NC ratio at SNO. Future studies of the solar neutrinos by SNO, SK, BOREXINO and KamLAND as well as by the new low energy experiments will allow us to check this possibility. We present a general analysis of modifications of the LMA energy profile due to mixing with new neutrino states.

  6. Non-unitary neutrino propagation from neutrino decay

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Berryman, Jeffrey M.; de Gouvêa, André; Hernández, Daniel; Oliveira, Roberto L.N.

    2015-03-01

    Neutrino propagation in space–time is not constrained to be unitary if very light states – lighter than the active neutrinos – exist into which neutrinos may decay. If this is the case, neutrino flavor-change is governed by a handful of extra mixing and “oscillation” parameters, including new sources of CP-invariance violation. We compute the transition probabilities in the two- and three-flavor scenarios and discuss the different phenomenological consequences of the new physics. These are qualitatively different from other sources of unitarity violation discussed in the literature.

  7. Searching for hep Neutrinos using the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    E-print Network

    Chris Howard; for the SNO Collaboration

    2009-05-29

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory has recently finished its third and final phase, and has accumulated over 1082 days of neutrino data, spanning the energy range from approximately 5-20 MeV. Almost all the observed neutrinos are due to the 8B reaction in the Sun. The so-called hep process (3He + p -> 4He + e + nu_e) also occurs in the Sun, but has not yet been observed. hep neutrino energy endpoint extends above the 8B spectrum. This paper describes the three phase analysis that will ultimately be the most sensitive to this reaction.

  8. Family History

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Brain Aneurysm Statistics and Facts Seeking Medical Attention Pediatric Aneurysms Brain Aneurysm Causes and Risk Factors Family History Early Detection and Screening Unruptured Brain Aneurysms Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Treatment Options Aneurysm Complications Post ...

  9. Families & Friendships

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Traumatic Brain Injury Life Stress Health & Wellness Anger Stigma Suicide Prevention Families with Kids Alcohol and Drugs ... Resilience Satisfaction with Life Sexual Truama Sleep Spirituality Stigma Stress Work Adjustment Worry Videos Post-Traumatic Stress ...

  10. Family Issues

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Relationships Self-Advocacy Navigating Services Autism Source Legal Resources Treatment Options Biomedical Treatments Nonmedical Interventions Related Approaches Evaluating Options Family Issues Stress Siblings Community Inclusion Autism and Faith Future Planning Government Benefits and ...

  11. DERMATOGLYPHIC FLUCTUATING ASYMMETRY AND SYMMETRY IN FAMILIAL AND NON FAMILIAL SCHIZOPHRENIA

    PubMed Central

    Ponnudurai, R.; Menon, M. Sarada; Muthu, M.

    1997-01-01

    Three dermatoglyphic traits, viz; finger patterns, finger ridge counts, and palmer a-b ridge counts of 57 (M-29; F-28) and 64 (M-29; F-35). Schizophrenics with and without positive family history respectively, and 65 controls (M-30, F-35), were analysed to determine their level of fluctuating asymmetry. Uniformly higher fluctuating asymmetry was observed in the loop ridge counts of second digits of males and females of both the groups of schizophrenics. Significantly increased symmetry in the right and left loop ridge counts in the fifth digits of the family history positive female patients was noted. Barring the family history positive female schizophrenics, the rest of the patient groups manifested higher fluctuating asymmetry in their right and left whorl ridge counts of fourth digits. Family history positive patients of both sexes and female patients with negative family history displayed higher fluctuating asymmetry in the right and left palmer a-b ridge counts. PMID:21584076

  12. Solar neutrino experiments: An update

    SciTech Connect

    Hahn, R.L.

    1993-12-31

    The situation in solar neutrino physics has changed drastically in the past few years, so that now there are four neutrino experiments in operation, using different methods to look at different regions of the solar neutrino energy spectrum. These experiments are the radiochemical {sup 37}Cl Homestake detector, the realtime Kamiokande detector, and the different forms of radiochemical {sup 71}Ga detectors used in the GALLEX and SAGE projects. It is noteworthy that all of these experiments report a deficit of observed neutrinos relative to the predictions of standard solar models (although in the case of the gallium detectors, the statistical errors are still relatively large). This paper reviews the basic principles of operation of these neutrino detectors, reports their latest results and discusses some theoretical interpretations. The progress of three realtime neutrino detectors that are currently under construction, SuperKamiok, SNO and Borexino, is also discussed.

  13. Unparticle physics and neutrino phenomenology

    SciTech Connect

    Barranco, J.; Bolanos, A.; Miranda, O. G.; Moura, C. A.; Rashba, T. I. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut), Am Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany); Departamento de Fisica, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apartado Postal 14-740 07000 Mexico, D F (Mexico); INFN Sezione di Napoli, Complesso Universitario Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Muenchen (Germany) and Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 142190, Troitsk, Moscow region (Russian Federation)

    2009-04-01

    We have constrained unparticle interactions with neutrinos and electrons using available data on neutrino-electron elastic scattering and the four CERN LEP experiments data on mono photon production. We have found that, for neutrino-electron elastic scattering, the MUNU experiment gives better constraints than previous reported limits in the region d>1.5. The results are compared with the current astrophysical limits, pointing out the cases where these limits may or may not apply. We also discuss the sensitivity of future experiments to unparticle physics. In particular, we show that the measurement of coherent reactor neutrino scattering off nuclei could provide a good sensitivity to the couplings of unparticle interaction with neutrinos and quarks. We also discuss the case of future neutrino-electron experiments as well as the International Linear Collider.

  14. Burst Neutrinos from Nitrogen Flash

    E-print Network

    A. M. Serenelli; M. Fukugita

    2005-09-07

    Neutrinos give a novel probe to explore deep interior of astrophysical objects, which otherwise is not accessible with optical observations; among notable examples are solar and supernova neutrinos. We show that there is a new class of strong neutrino emission from helium burning, N + alpha --> 18F gamma followed by beta decay 18F --> 18O + e+ + nu_e, that gives a maximum neutrino luminosity of 10^8 times the solar bolometric luminosity at the helium-core flash of a 1 M_sun star, whereas the flash is not observable by optical means. This means that the neutrino flux, of average energy of 0.382 MeV, will be 10% the solar CNO neutrino flux on Earth if the star is located at 10pc.

  15. Astrophysical and cosmological constraints to neutrino properties

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kolb, Edward W.; Schramm, David N.; Turner, Michael S.

    1989-01-01

    The astrophysical and cosmological constraints on neutrino properties (masses, lifetimes, numbers of flavors, etc.) are reviewed. The freeze out of neutrinos in the early Universe are discussed and then the cosmological limits on masses for stable neutrinos are derived. The freeze out argument coupled with observational limits is then used to constrain decaying neutrinos as well. The limits to neutrino properties which follow from SN1987A are then reviewed. The constraint from the big bang nucleosynthesis on the number of neutrino flavors is also considered. Astrophysical constraints on neutrino-mixing as well as future observations of relevance to neutrino physics are briefly discussed.

  16. Neutrino Opacities in Nuclear Matter

    E-print Network

    Adam Burrows; Sanjay Reddy; Todd A. Thompson

    2004-04-21

    Neutrino-matter cross sections and interaction rates are central to the core-collapse supernova phenomenon and, very likely, to the viability of the explosion mechanism itself. In this paper, we describe the major neutrino scattering, absorption, and production processes that together influence the outcome of core collapse and the cooling of protoneutron stars. One focus is on energy redistribution and many-body physics, but our major goal is to provide a useful resource for those interested in supernova neutrino microphysics.

  17. Future of Neutrino Interaction Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Terri, Ryan

    2015-04-01

    Neutrino-nucleus cross sections are one of the dominant sources of systematic errors in long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments. To achieve the goals of precision measurements of the mixing angles and difference of the mass eigenstates squared, and discover the mass hierarchy and CP-violating phase, the underlying neutrino interactions must be better understood. This poster will mention some recent improvements in models in the interaction generators as well as some possible future improvements for proposed experiments.

  18. Muon colliders and neutrino factories

    SciTech Connect

    Geer, S.; /Fermilab

    2010-09-01

    Over the last decade there has been significant progress in developing the concepts and technologies needed to produce, capture and accelerate {Omicron}(10{sup 21}) muons/year. This development prepares the way for a new type of neutrino source (Neutrino Factory) and a new type of very high energy lepton-antilepton collider (Muon Collider). This article reviews the motivation, design and R&D for Neutrino Factories and Muon Colliders.

  19. Solar neutrinos: theory vs experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Haxton, W.C.

    1991-01-01

    I review the standard solar model, the disparities between its predictions and the solar neutrino flux measurements of the Homestake and Kamioka II collaborations, and possible particle physics resolutions of this puzzle. The effects of matter, including density fluctuations and turbulence, on solar neutrino oscillations are reviewed, including possibilities for generating time variations in the solar neutrino flux. Finally, I consider possible outcomes and implications of the SAGE/GALLEX gallium experiments.

  20. Solar neutrinos: theory vs experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Haxton, W.C.

    1991-12-31

    I review the standard solar model, the disparities between its predictions and the solar neutrino flux measurements of the Homestake and Kamioka II collaborations, and possible particle physics resolutions of this puzzle. The effects of matter, including density fluctuations and turbulence, on solar neutrino oscillations are reviewed, including possibilities for generating time variations in the solar neutrino flux. Finally, I consider possible outcomes and implications of the SAGE/GALLEX gallium experiments.

  1. Neutrino masses and flavor mixing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fritzsch, Harald

    2015-05-01

    We discuss the neutrino oscillations, using texture zero mass matrices for the leptons. The reactor mixing angle ?l is calculated. The ratio of the masses of two neutrinos is determined by the solar mixing angle. We can calculate the masses of the three neutrinos: m1 ? 0.003 eV, m2 ? 0.012 eV, m3 ? 0.048 eV.

  2. Attitudes Toward Violence: The Interaction of TV Exposure, Family Attitudes and Social Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dominick, Joseph R.; Greenberg, Bradley S.

    Three antecedent variables were examined to determine their effects on children's attitudes toward aggression--the child's exposure to television violence, his perceptions of his family's attitudes toward violence, and the family's socioeconomic status. Questionnaires which were completed by 434 fourth through sixth grade boys elicited responses…

  3. Magnus approximation in neutrino oscillations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Acero, Mario A.; Aguilar-Arevalo, Alexis A.; D'Olivo, J. C.

    2011-04-01

    Oscillations between active and sterile neutrinos remain as an open possibility to explain some anomalous experimental observations. In a four-neutrino (three active plus one sterile) mixing scheme, we use the Magnus expansion of the evolution operator to study the evolution of neutrino flavor amplitudes within the Earth. We apply this formalism to calculate the transition probabilities from active to sterile neutrinos with energies of the order of a few GeV, taking into account the matter effect for a varying terrestrial density.

  4. Magnetic Dipole Moment of Neutrino

    E-print Network

    Masood, Samina S

    2015-01-01

    We recalculate the magnetic moment of neutrinos in a hot and dense medium. The magnetic dipole moment of neutrinos is modified at high temperature and chemical potential. We show that the magnetic dipole moment of electron neutrino does not get a significant contribution from thermal background to meet the cosmological bound. However, chemical potential contribution to the magnetic moment is non-ignorable even when chemical potential is an order of magnitude greater than the electron mass. It is demonstrated that this effect is more significant in the models with an extended Higgs sector through neutrino mixing.

  5. Magnetic Dipole Moment of Neutrino

    E-print Network

    Samina S. Masood

    2015-06-03

    We recalculate the magnetic moment of neutrinos in a hot and dense medium. The magnetic dipole moment of neutrinos is modified at high temperature and chemical potential. We show that the magnetic dipole moment of electron neutrino does not get a significant contribution from thermal background to meet the cosmological bound. However, chemical potential contribution to the magnetic moment is non-ignorable even when chemical potential is an order of magnitude greater than the electron mass. It is demonstrated that this effect is more significant in the models with an extended Higgs sector through neutrino mixing.

  6. Neutrino clouds and dark matter

    SciTech Connect

    Goldman, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); McKellar, B.H.J. [Melbourne Univ., Parkville, VIC (Australia); Stephenson, G.J. Jr. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-12-31

    We have examined the consequences of assuming the existence of a light scalar boson, weakly coupled to neutrinos, and not coupled to any other light fermions. For a range of parameters, we find that this hypothesis leads to the development of neutrino clusters which form in the early Universe and which provide gravitational fluctuations on scales small compared to a parsec (i.e., the scale of solar systems). Under some conditions, this can produce anomalous gravitational acceleration within solar systems and lead to a vanishing of neutrino mass-squared differences, giving rise to strong neutrino oscillation effects.

  7. Double-Chooz Neutrino Experiment

    E-print Network

    C. Palomares

    2009-11-17

    The Double Chooz experiment will use the electron antineutrinos produced by the Chooz nuclear power station to search for a non-vanishing value of the Theta_13 neutrino mixing angle. Double Chooz will be the first of a new generation of neutrino experiments using identical detectors at different distances from the neutrino source to reduce the systematic errors due to the uncertainties on the neutrino flux and to the detector acceptance. The far detector is expected to be operative by the beginning of 2010. Installation of the near detector will occur in 2010.

  8. Supernova neutrinos and explosive nucleosynthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kajino, T.; Aoki, W.; Cheoun, M.-K.; Hayakawa, T.; Hidaka, J.; Hirai, Y.; Mathews, G. J.; Nakamura, K.; Shibagaki, S.; Suzuki, T.

    2014-05-01

    Core-collapse supernovae eject huge amount of flux of energetic neutrinos. We studied the explosive nucleosyn-thesis in supernovae and found that several isotopes 7Li, 11B, 92Nb, 138La and 180Ta as well as r-process nuclei are affected by the neutrino interactions. The abundance of these isotopes therefore depends strongly on the neutrino flavor oscillation due to the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein (MSW) effect. We discuss first how to determine the neutrino temperatures in order to explain the observed solar system abundances of these isotopes, combined with Galactic chemical evolution of the light nuclei and the heavy r-process elements. We then study the effects of neutrino oscillation on their abundances, and propose a novel method to determine the still unknown neutrino oscillation parameters, mass hierarchy and ?13, simultaneously. There is recent evidence that SiC X grains from the Murchison meteorite may contain supernova-produced light elements 11B and 7Li encapsulated in the presolar grains. Combining the recent experimental constraints on ?13, we show that our method sug-gests at a marginal preference for an inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. Finally, we discuss supernova relic neutrinos that may indicate the softness of the equation of state (EoS) of nuclear matter as well as adiabatic conditions of the neutrino oscillation.

  9. THE DOMINANCE OF NEUTRINO-DRIVEN CONVECTION IN CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect

    Murphy, Jeremiah W.; Dolence, Joshua C.; Burrows, Adam, E-mail: jmurphy@astro.princeton.edu, E-mail: jdolence@astro.princeton.edu, E-mail: burrows@astro.princeton.edu [Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Multi-dimensional instabilities have become an important ingredient in core-collapse supernova (CCSN) theory. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the driving mechanism of the dominant instability. We compare our parameterized three-dimensional CCSN simulations with other buoyancy-driven simulations and propose scaling relations for neutrino-driven convection. Through these comparisons, we infer that buoyancy-driven convection dominates post-shock turbulence in our simulations. In support of this inference, we present four major results. First, the convective fluxes and kinetic energies in the neutrino-heated region are consistent with expectations of buoyancy-driven convection. Second, the convective flux is positive where buoyancy actively drives convection, and the radial and tangential components of the kinetic energy are in rough equipartition (i.e., K{sub r} {approx} K{sub {theta}} + K{sub {phi}}). Both results are natural consequences of buoyancy-driven convection, and are commonly observed in simulations of convection. Third, buoyant driving is balanced by turbulent dissipation. Fourth, the convective luminosity and turbulent dissipation scale with the driving neutrino power. In all, these four results suggest that in neutrino-driven explosions, the multi-dimensional motions are consistent with neutrino-driven convection.

  10. Radiochemical solar neutrino experiments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. N. Gavrin; B. T. Cleveland

    2007-01-01

    Radiochemical experiments have been crucial to solar neutrino research. Even\\u000atoday, they provide the only direct measurement of the rate of the\\u000aproton-proton fusion reaction, p + p --> d + e^+ + nu_e, which generates most\\u000aof the Sun's energy. We first give a little history of radiochemical solar\\u000aneutrino experiments with emphasis on the gallium experiment SAGE --

  11. Entanglement of neutrino states

    E-print Network

    D. L. Khokhlov

    2008-11-12

    Muon and muon antineutrino born in the decay of charged pion form the entangled spin state. The decay of muon with the left helicity triggers the left helicity for muon antineutrino to preserve the null total angular momentum of muon and muon antineutrino. This is forbidden for antineutrino hence one cannot detect the muon antineutrino after the decay of muon. This effect may explain the deficit of muon neutrino flux in the Super-Kamiokande, K2K, MINOS experiments.

  12. Birth of Neutrino Astrophysics

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2011-10-06

    Based mainly on the results of two experiments, KamiokaNDE and Super-KamiokaNDE, the birth of neutrino astrophysics will be described. At the end, the result of the third generation Kamioka experiment, KamLAND, will be discussed together with the future possibilities.Organiser(s): Daniel Treille / EP DivisionNote: * Tea & coffee will be served at 16:00 hrs. Please note unusual day.

  13. Neutrino Geophysics Conference Introduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Learned, John G.; Dye, Stephen T.; Pakvasa, Sandip

    2006-12-01

    Long distance detection of electron anti-neutrinos from reactors at distances of order 200 km has been achieved with the 1000 ton liquid scintillator-based KamLAND instrument in Japan. In summer 2005 the KamLAND group reported the first detection of anti-neutrinos from the natural radioactivity of the earth. These measurements are due to uranium and thorium decays dominantly from the nearby crust in Japan, and are expected to have only a small contribution from the earth’s mantle (and core). Several new detectors are under consideration around the world for measurements which when taken together can reveal the location of these heavy elements, which are expected to contribute a major share of the internal earth’s heating via their radioactivity. This heating is of course associated with providing the power to drive the geomagnetic field and plate tectonics. Geologists have only indirect evidence about the deep earth, mostly from seismic wave velocity and inferences from a few meteorites. Anti-neutrino detection, on the other hand, yields direct information about earth’s interior. The location and magnitude of the earth’s uranium and thorium are crucial to understanding the origin and evolution of the earth and present day activity.

  14. Boxing with neutrino oscillations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, D. J.; Weiler, Thomas J.

    1999-06-01

    We develop a characterization of neutrino oscillations based on the coefficients of the oscillating terms. These coefficients are individually observable; although they are quartic in the elements of the unitary mixing matrix, they are independent of the conventions chosen for the angle and phase parametrization of the mixing matrix. We call these reparametrization-invariant observables ``boxes'' because of their geometric relation to the mixing matrix, and because of their association with the Feynman box diagram that describes oscillations in field theory. The real parts of the boxes are the coefficients for the CP- or T-even oscillation modes, while the imaginary parts are the coefficients for the CP- or T-odd oscillation modes. Oscillation probabilities are linear in the boxes, so measurements can straightforwardly determine values for the boxes (which can then be manipulated to yield magnitudes of mixing matrix elements). We examine the effects of unitarity on the boxes and discuss the reduction of the number of boxes to a minimum basis set. For the three-generation case, we explicitly construct the basis. Using the box algebra, we show that CP violation may be inferred from measurements of neutrino flavor mixing even when the oscillatory factors have averaged. The framework presented here will facilitate general analyses of neutrino oscillations among n>=3 flavors.

  15. Boxing with neutrino oscillations

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, D.J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Box 1807 B, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Box 1807 B, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); [Department of Physics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); Weiler, T.J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Box 1807 B, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Box 1807 B, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)

    1999-06-01

    We develop a characterization of neutrino oscillations based on the coefficients of the oscillating terms. These coefficients are individually observable; although they are quartic in the elements of the unitary mixing matrix, they are independent of the conventions chosen for the angle and phase parametrization of the mixing matrix. We call these reparametrization-invariant observables {open_quotes}boxes{close_quotes} because of their geometric relation to the mixing matrix, and because of their association with the Feynman box diagram that describes oscillations in field theory. The real parts of the boxes are the coefficients for the {ital CP}- or {ital T}-even oscillation modes, while the imaginary parts are the coefficients for the {ital CP}- or {ital T}-odd oscillation modes. Oscillation probabilities are linear in the boxes, so measurements can straightforwardly determine values for the boxes (which can then be manipulated to yield magnitudes of mixing matrix elements). We examine the effects of unitarity on the boxes and discuss the reduction of the number of boxes to a minimum basis set. For the three-generation case, we explicitly construct the basis. Using the box algebra, we show that {ital CP} violation may be inferred from measurements of neutrino flavor mixing even when the oscillatory factors have averaged. The framework presented here will facilitate general analyses of neutrino oscillations among n{ge}3 flavors. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  16. Neutrino physics at LAMPF

    SciTech Connect

    Garvey, G.T.

    1989-01-01

    There are three neutrino experiments at LAMPF in various stages of completion or development. E225, the study of electron-neutrino electron scattering, which completed data taking in December 1986 and has just about completed all its analysis. E645, a search for /bar /nu///sub ..mu../ ..-->.. /bar /nu///sub e/ oscillation, is in its third and final year of data taking. The Large Cerenkov Detector (LCD), associated with E1015, has undergone extensive scientific and technical review and we are presently trying to obtain the necessary funds to build the detector, beam line, and target. In the following, each of these experiments will be briefly discussed. Before doing so, it is useful to show the characteristics of the neutrino spectrum resulting from the decay of ..pi../sup +/ at rest. It is also useful to realize that, on average, an 800-MeV proton from LAMPF produces about 0.1 ..pi../sup +/ decaying at rest. 16 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  17. Search for fourth sound propagation in supersolid 4He

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aoki, Y.; Kojima, H.; Lin, X.

    2008-04-01

    A systematic study is carried out to search for fourth sound propagation solid He4 samples below 500mK down to 40mK between 25 and 56bar using the techniques of heat pulse generator and titanium superconducting transition edge bolometer. If solid He4 is endowed with superfluidity below 200mK, as indicated by recent torsional oscillator experiments, theories predict fourth sound propagation in such a supersolid state. If found, fourth sound would provide convincing evidence for superfluidity and a new tool for studying the new phase. The search for a fourth sound-like mode is based on the response of the bolometers to heat pulses traveling through cylindrical samples of solids grown with different crystal qualities. Bolometers with increasing sensitivity are constructed. The heater generator amplitude is reduced to the sensitivity limit to search for any critical velocity effects. The fourth sound velocity is expected to vary as ???s/? . Searches for a signature in the bolometer response with such a characteristic temperature dependence are made. The measured response signal has not so far revealed any signature of a new propagating mode within a temperature excursion of 5?K from the background signal shape. Possible reasons for this negative result are discussed. Prior to the fourth sound search, the temperature dependence of heat pulse propagation was studied as it transformed from "second sound" in the normal solid He4 to transverse ballistic phonon propagation. Our work extends the studies of [V. Narayanamurti and R. C. Dynes, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1731 (1975)] to higher pressures and to lower temperatures. The measured transverse ballistic phonon propagation velocity is found to remain constant (within the 0.3% scatter of the data) below 100mK at all pressures and reveals no indication of an onset of supersolidity. The overall dynamic thermal response of solid to heat input is found to depend strongly on the sample preparation procedure.

  18. Neutrino self-energy operator and neutrino magnetic moment

    SciTech Connect

    Dobrynina, A. A., E-mail: elenan@uniyar.ac.ru; Mikheev, N. V.; Narynskaya, E. N. [Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)] [Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)

    2013-11-15

    A simple method for calculating the magnetic moment of a massive neutrino on the basis of its self-energy operator is presented. An expression for the magnetic moment of a massive neutrino in an external electromagnetic field is obtained in the R{sub {xi}} gauge for the case of an arbitrary ratio of the lepton and W-boson masses.

  19. Neutrino-oscillatie en het Mobauer neutrino experiment

    E-print Network

    van Suijlekom, Walter

    flavour zouden kunnen veranderen, maar pas in 1968 werd de eerste experi- mentele aanwijzing in deze's door de zon uit- gestraald worden dan verwacht werd op basis van het Standaard Zonnemodel. Dit zou in µ- en -neutrino's. In 2001 werd door het Sudbury Neutrino Observatory vastgesteld dat de

  20. Characteristics of sheltered homeless families.

    PubMed Central

    Bassuk, E L; Rubin, L; Lauriat, A S

    1986-01-01

    To describe the characteristics of homeless families, we interviewed 80 homeless mothers and 151 children living in 14 family shelters in Massachusetts (two-thirds of the shelters in the state). Ninety-four per cent of the families were headed by women, 91 per cent were on AFDC (aid to families with dependent children), with twice as many as the state average having been on AFDC for at least two years; most had long histories of residential instability. Although 60 per cent had completed high school, only a third had worked for longer than one month. One-third of the mothers reported having been abused during their childhood, and two-thirds had experienced a major family disruption. At the time of the interview, almost two-thirds either lacked or had minimal supportive relationships and one-fourth of these named their child as the major support. Eighteen mothers were involved with the Department of Social Services because of probable child abuse or neglect. Seventy-one per cent of the mothers had personality disorders. In contrast to many adult homeless individuals, however, deinstitutionalized persons or those suffering from psychoses were not overrepresented. About 50 percent of the homeless children were found to have developmental lags, anxiety, depression, and learning difficulties, and about half required further psychiatric evaluation. Two-thirds described housing and social welfare agencies as not helpful. Given the many serious problems of the mothers and the difficulties already manifested by their children, comprehensive psychosocial and economic interventions must be made to interrupt a cycle of extreme instability and family breakdown. PMID:3740332

  1. ON SOLAR NEUTRINO PROBLEM TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG

    E-print Network

    ON SOLAR NEUTRINO PROBLEM TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG Abstract. The current neutrino oscillation an alternative resolution to the solar neutrino loss problem. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Discrepancy of Solar, there are three flavors of neutrinos: the electron neutrino e, the tau neutrino and the mu neutrino µ. The solar

  2. Familial hypercholesterolemia.

    PubMed

    Bouhairie, Victoria Enchia; Goldberg, Anne Carol

    2015-05-01

    Familial hypercholesterolemia is a common, inherited disorder of cholesterol metabolism that leads to early cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Statins, ezetimibe, bile acid sequestrants, niacin, lomitapide, mipomersen, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis are treatments that can lower LDL cholesterol levels. Early treatment can lead to substantial reduction of cardiovascular events and death in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. It is important to increase awareness of this disorder in physicians and patients to reduce the burden of this disorder. PMID:25939291

  3. The Mystery of Neutrino Mixings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altarelli, Guido

    2013-07-01

    In the last years we have learnt a lot about neutrino masses and mixings. Neutrinos are not all massless but their masses are very small. Probably masses are small because neutrinos are Majorana particles with masses inversely proportional to the large scale M of lepton number (L) violation, which turns out to be compatible with the GUT scale. We have understood that there is no contradiction between large neutrino mixings and small quark mixings, even in the context of GUTs and that neutrino masses fit well in the SUSY GUT picture. Out of equilibrium decays with CP and L violation of heavy RH neutrinos can produce a B-L asymmetry, then converted near the weak scale by instantons into an amount of B asymmetry compatible with observations (baryogenesis via leptogenesis). It appears that active neutrinos are not a significant component of Dark Matter in the Universe. A long list of models have been formulated over the years to understand neutrino masses and mixings. With the continuous improvement of the data most of the models have been discarded by experiment. The surviving models still span a wide range going from a maximum of symmetry, with discrete non-abelian flavour groups, to the opposite extreme of anarchy.

  4. Neutrino Oscillations. Theory and Experiment

    E-print Network

    Kh. M. Beshtoev

    2002-04-28

    The theoretical schemes on neutrino oscillations are considered. The experimental data on neutrino oscillations from Super-Kamiokande (Japan) and SNO (Kanada) are given. Comparison of these data with theoretical schemes is done. Conclusion is made that the experimental data have confirmed the scheme only with transitions (oscillations) between aromatic $\

  5. Neutrino Theory of Stellar Collapse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Gamow; M. Schoenberg

    1941-01-01

    At the very high temperatures and densities which must exist in the interior of contracting stars during the later stages of their evolution, one must expect a special type of nuclear processes accompanied by the emission of a large number of neutrinos. These neutrinos penetrating almost without difficulty the body of the star, must carry away very large amounts of

  6. Solar neutrinos: experimental review and prospectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pallavicini, Marco

    2015-04-01

    Solar neutrino physics, after the golden age which led to the discovery of neutrino oscillations, is about to enter the precision era. We summarise here the current experimental knowledge in the field and the future perspectives, showing that solar neutrino detectors are and will remain in the near future a fundamental tool for a deeper understanding of stars, neutrinos, and fundamental physics.

  7. Double Beta Decay and Majorana Neutrino

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masaru Doi; Tsuneyuki Kotani; Eiichi Takasugi

    1985-01-01

    This review consists of three parts: Various properties of the quantized neutrino fields are summarized in part I from the viewpoint that a Dirac neutrino consists of two Majorana neutrinos with a degenerate mass but with opposite CP sings. It is shown why the Dirac neutrino has a freedom of the phase transformation to guarantee the lepton number conservation, while

  8. Electromagnetic neutrinos in terrestrial experiments and astrophysics

    E-print Network

    Carlo Giunti; Konstantin A. Kouzakov; Yu-Feng Li; Alexey V. Lokhov; Alexander I. Studenikin; Shun Zhou

    2015-06-17

    An overview of neutrino electromagnetic properties, which open a door to the new physics beyond the Standard Model, is given. The effects of neutrino electromagnetic interactions both in terrestrial experiments and in astrophysical environments are discussed. The experimental bounds on neutrino electromagnetic characteristics are summarized. Future astrophysical probes of electromagnetic neutrinos are outlined.

  9. Neutrinos with Mixing in Twisting Magnetic Fields

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov; S. T. Petcov; A. Yu. Smirnov

    1993-01-06

    Transitions in a system of neutrinos with vacuum mixing and magnetic moments, propagating in matter and transverse magnetic field, are considered. It is shown that in the realistic case of magnetic field direction varying along the neutrino path qualitatively new phenomena become possible: permutation of neutrino conversion resonances, appearance of resonances in the neutrino-antineutrino ($\

  10. Small entries of neutrino mass matrices

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    1999-09-15

    We consider phenomenologically allowed structures of the neutrino mass matrix in the case of three light neutrino species. Constraints from the solar, atmospheric and reactor neutrino experiments as well as those from the neutrinoless double beta decay are taken into account. Both hierarchical and quasi-degenerate neutrino mass cases are studied. Assuming maximal $\

  11. Hyperon Production from Neutrino-Nucleon Reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Jia-Jun; Zou, Bing-Song

    2015-05-01

    The neutrino induced hyperon production processes may provide a unique clean place for studying low energy interaction and hyperon resonances below KN threshold. The production rates for some neutrino induced hyperon production processes are estimated with theoretical models. Suggestions are made for the study of hyperon production from neutrino-nucleon reaction at present and future neutrino facilities.

  12. Neutrino mass models and CP violation

    SciTech Connect

    Joshipura, Anjan S. [Physical Research Laboratory, Navarangpura, Ahmedabad, 380 009 (India)

    2011-10-06

    Theoretical ideas on the origin of (a) neutrino masses (b) neutrino mass hierarchies and (c) leptonic mixing angles are reviewed. Topics discussed include (1) symmetries of neutrino mass matrix and their origin (2) ways to understand the observed patterns of leptonic mixing angles and (3)unified description of neutrino masses and mixing angles in grand unified theories.

  13. Serving Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Link, Geoffrey; Beggs, Marjorie; Seiderman, Ethel

    Parent Services Project (PSP), the first comprehensive program of resources and mental health activities for parents offered at child care centers in the San Francisco Bay Area (California), has expanded to centers in six states, serving over 19,000 families. This report describes the program's history, aims, and achievements, along with specific…

  14. Family Hypnotherapy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Araoz, Daniel L.; Negley-Parker, Esther

    1985-01-01

    A therapeutic model to help families activate experiential and right hemispheric functioning through hypnosis is presented in detail, together with a clinical illustration. Different situations in which this model is effective are mentioned and one such set of circumstances is described. (Author)

  15. Neutrino oscillation results from MINOS

    SciTech Connect

    Sousa, Alexandre; /Oxford U.

    2007-08-01

    The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) long-baseline experiment has been actively collecting beam data since 2005, having already accumulated 3 x 10{sup 20} protons-on-target (POT). MINOS uses the Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) neutrino beam measured in two locations: at Fermilab, close to beam production, and 735 km downstream, in Northern Minnesota. By observing the oscillatory structure in the neutrino energy spectrum, MINOS can precisely measure the neutrino oscillation parameters in the atmospheric sector. These parameters were determined to be |{Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2}| = 2.74{sub -0.26}{sup +0.44} x 10{sup -3} eV{sup 2}/c{sup 4} and sin{sup 2}(2{theta}{sub 23}) > 0.87 (68% C.L.) from analysis of the first year of data, corresponding to 1.27 x 10{sup 20} POT.

  16. Oscillations of solar atmosphere neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fogli, G. L.; Lisi, E.; Mirizzi, A.; Montanino, D.; Serpico, P. D.

    2006-11-01

    The Sun is a source of high-energy neutrinos (E?10GeV) produced by cosmic ray interactions in the solar atmosphere. We study the impact of three-flavor oscillations (in vacuum and in matter) on solar atmosphere neutrinos, and calculate their observable fluxes at Earth, as well as their event rates in a kilometer-scale detector in water or ice. We find that peculiar three-flavor oscillation effects in matter, which can occur in the energy range probed by solar atmosphere neutrinos, are significantly suppressed by averaging over the production region and over the neutrino and antineutrino components. In particular, we find that the relation between the neutrino fluxes at the Sun and at the Earth can be approximately expressed in terms of phase-averaged vacuum oscillations, dominated by a single mixing parameter (the angle ?23).

  17. Voids in massive neutrino cosmologies

    E-print Network

    Massara, Elena; Viel, Matteo; Sutter, P M

    2015-01-01

    Cosmic voids are a promising environment to characterize neutrino-induced effects on the large-scale distribution of matter in the universe. We perform a comprehensive numerical study of the statistical properties of voids, identified both in the matter and galaxy distributions, in massive and massless neutrino cosmologies. The matter density field is obtained by running several independent $N$-body simulations with cold dark matter and neutrino particles, while the galaxy catalogs are modeled by populating the dark matter halos in simulations via a halo occupation distribution (HOD) model to reproduce the clustering properties observed by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) II Data Release 7. We focus on the impact of massive neutrinos on the following void statistical properties: number density, ellipticities, two-point statistics, density and velocity profiles. Considering the matter density field, we find that voids in massive neutrino cosmologies are less evolved than those in the corresponding massless ...

  18. Neutrinos Get Under Your Skin

    SciTech Connect

    Kayser, Boris

    2005-08-30

    The enigmatic neutrinos are among the most abundant of the tiny particles that make up our universe. They are a billion times more abundant than the particles of which the earth and we humans are made. Thus, to understand the universe, we must understand the neutrinos. Moving ghostlike, almost invisibly, through matter, these particles are very hard to pin down and study. However, dramatic progress has recently been made. In this lecture, the neutrinos will be introduced. Their behavior, so different from that of everyday objects, will be explained, and recent discoveries will be described. The open questions about neutrinos, forthcoming attempts to answer these questions, and the role of neutrinos in shaping the universe and making human life possible, will all be explained.

  19. Dynamical evolution and chronology of the Hygiea asteroid family

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carruba, V.; Domingos, R. C.; Huaman, M. E.; Santos, C. R. dos; Souami, D.

    2014-01-01

    The asteroid (10) Hygiea is the fourth largest asteroid of the main belt, by volume and mass, and it is the largest member of its own family. Previous works investigated the long-term effects of close encounters with (10) Hygiea of asteroids in the orbital region of the family, and analysed the taxonomical and dynamical properties of members of this family. In this paper we apply the high-quality Sloan Digital Sky Survey-Moving Object Catalog data, fourth release (SDSS-MOC4) taxonomic scheme of DeMeo & Carry to members of the Hygiea family core and halo, we obtain an estimate of the minimum time and number of encounter necessary to obtain a 3? (or 99.7 per cent) compatible frequency distribution function of changes in proper a caused by close encounters with (10) Hygiea, we study the behaviour of asteroids near secular resonance configurations, in the presence and absence of the Yarkovsky force, and obtain a first estimate of the age of the family based on orbital diffusion by the Yarkovsky and Yarkovsky-O'Keefe-Radzievsky-Paddack (YORP) effects with two methods. The Hygiea family is at least 2 Byr old, with an estimated age of T = 3200^{+380}_{-120} Myr and a relatively large initial ejection velocity field, according to the approach of Vokrouhlický et al. Surprisingly, we found that the family age can be shortened by ?25 per cent if the dynamical mobility caused by close encounters with (10) Hygiea is also accounted for, which opens interesting new research lines for the dynamical evolution of families associated with massive bodies. In our taxonomical analysis of the Hygiea asteroid family, we also identified a new V-type candidate: the asteroid (177904) (2005 SV5). If confirmed, this could be the fourth V-type object ever to be identified in the outer main belt.

  20. Fourth Annual EDUCAUSE Survey Identifies Current IT Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Grant; Rudy, Julia A

    2003-01-01

    Conducted the fourth consecutive survey of pressing information technology (IT) challenges on campuses. Responses of 542 EDUCAUSE member representatives show that funding has become the number one IT challenge, with security and identity management the next most notable problem area. Identifies other priority IT issues for higher education. (SLD)

  1. Peace and World Order Studies: A Curriculum Guide. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wien, Barbara J., Ed.

    The fourth edition of this curriculum guide will help college, university, and secondary school educators design and update courses, familiarize themselves with new literature and resources, and plan and justify new academic programs in the study of global problems. While syllabus categories remain the same as in previous editions, several new…

  2. The Value of the Fourth Year of Mathematics. Math Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2013

    2013-01-01

    Too many students and educators view the senior year and graduation from high school as an end point, rather than one vital step along the education pipeline. Students who engage in a fourth year of math tap into and build upon their advanced analytic skills and are more likely to have better success in postsecondary course work, as they have…

  3. Fourth International Workshop on Software Clones (IWSC) Katsuro Inoue

    E-print Network

    Cordy, James R.

    Fourth International Workshop on Software Clones (IWSC) Katsuro Inoue Osaka University, Japan inoue@cs.queensu.ca ABSTRACT Software clones are identical or similar pieces of code. They are often the result of copy­and­paste activities as ad-hoc code reuse by programmers. Software clones research is of high relevance

  4. Gender Differences in Inference Generation by Fourth-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clinton, Virginia; Seipel, Ben; Broek, Paul; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Carlson, Sarah E.; Rapp, David N.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if there are gender differences among elementary school-aged students in regard to the inferences they generate during reading. Fourth-grade students (130 females; 126 males) completed think-aloud tasks while reading one practice and one experimental narrative text. Females generated a larger number and a…

  5. Supreme Court Docket: Drug Testing and the Fourth Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Charlotte C., Ed.; Williams, Charles, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    Focuses upon classroom presentation of issues related to the Fourth Amendment of U.S. Constitution. Presents a description of a drug test case simulation (D. Hess); a case involving drug testing in the public sector which is to be heard by the Supreme Court (L. Mandell); and other teaching strategies (D. Hess). Provides a guide for finding Supreme…

  6. The Akan of Ghana. An Instructional Unit for Fourth Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huber, Rosarita

    This teaching guide presents objectives, resources, and evaluation criteria for teaching pupils in fourth grade social studies and fine arts classes about Africa, and particularly the Akan ethnic group in Africa. This unit was developed at an interdisciplinary summer workshop for teachers on African culture. The major objective is to help students…

  7. The Fourth-Order Type Linear Ordinary Differential Equations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. N. Everitt; D. J. Smith; M. van Hoeij

    2006-01-01

    This note reports on the recent advancements in the search for explicit representation, in classical special functions, of the solutions of the fourth-order ordinary differential equations named Bessel-type, Jacobi-type, Laguerre-type, Legendre-type.

  8. Fourth-order differential equations for numerator polynomials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Ronveaux

    1988-01-01

    The author gives explicitly the fourth-order differential equation satisfied by the numerator polynomials (associated polynomials) of the classical orthogonal polynomials. The coefficients of the differential equation are at most a quadratic combination of the polynomials sigma and tau (and their derivatives) defined via the relation ( sigma rho )'=te. This differential equation is therefore valid for the Jacobi, Laguerre, Hermite

  9. Proceedings of the Fourth International Wildlife Law Conference

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    International Wildlife Law Conference (4th : 1999 : Washington. D.C.).

    The Wildlife Interest Group of the American Society of International Law has posted online the Proceedings of the Fourth International Wildlife Law Conference (.pdf format), held March 1999 in Washington, DC. The document highlights case studies on the implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) at the national and regional level.

  10. Fourth Inventory. Computers in Higher Education, 1976-77.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamblen, John W., Ed.; Baird, Thomas B., Ed.

    The fourth national inventory of computers in higher education, 1976-77 is presented. The four inventories together provide detailed snapshots of the history of computer utilization by U.S. higher education since 1964. The contents of the publication include a description of the inventory and statistical data on the computer systems, expenditures…

  11. The Online Classroom: Teaching with the Internet. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotton, Eileen Giuffre

    Presenting a wide array of Internet addresses and sample lessons, this fourth edition shows how teachers can integrate the Internet into their K-12 curriculum to actively involve students. The first section of the book (chapters 1-6) deals with the programs needed to use the Internet, as well as 100 great web sites for teachers, how to manage the…

  12. Fourth annual report to Congress, Federal Alternative Motor Fuels Programs

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    This annual report to Congress presents the current status of the alternative fuel vehicle programs being conducted across the country in accordance with the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988. These programs, which represent the most comprehensive data collection effort ever undertaken on alternative fuels, are beginning their fifth year. This report summarizes tests and results from the fourth year.

  13. An Examination of Fourth Graders' Aesthetic Engagement with Literary Characters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Linda T.

    2013-01-01

    Reader response, simulation, and assimilation theories offer insights to our emotional connections with characters. Findings from a study conducted with avid fourth-grade readers show that when the children feel they are next to the character, they acentrally imagine the narrative and experience sympathy. The children also participate and…

  14. Educating Children with Multiple Disabilities: A Collaborative Approach. Fourth Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orelove, Fred P., Ed.; Sobsey, Dick, Ed.; Silberman, Rosanne K., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Now in its fourth edition, this highly respected, bestselling textbook gives undergraduate and graduate students up-to-the-minute research and strategies for educating children with severe and multiple disabilities. This popular core text--for 15 years, a staple of teacher training programs in special education and related fields--thoroughly…

  15. Fourth-order acoustic torque in intense sound fields

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, T. G.; Kanber, H.; Olli, E. E.

    1978-01-01

    The observation of a fourth-order acoustic torque in intense sound fields is reported. The torque was determined by measuring the acoustically induced angular deflection of a polished cylinder suspended by a torsion fiber. This torque was measured in a sound field of amplitude greater than that in which first-order acoustic torque has been observed.

  16. Administration of the Small Public Library. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weingand, Darlene E.

    Since the publication of its first edition in 1965, this book has been a standard resource for setting up and managing cutting-edge small public library facilities. Completely revised and updated, this fourth edition continues that tradition with many more figures (28 in this edition), case studies and sample policies, and new content on grant…

  17. Dental Hygiene Program Clinic Manual, Fall 1997. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Errico, Mary; Cama, Christine; Pastoriza-Maldonado, Alida

    This is the fourth edition of the Clinic Manual for the Dental Hygiene Program at Eugenio Maria de Hostos Community College in the Bronx (New York). It contains general information, grading procedures, performance guides, and clinical forms related to the program. Section 1 provides an introduction to clinic philosophy, policies, goals and…

  18. 16. Parker Dam, only top fourth of dam visible, at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Parker Dam, only top fourth of dam visible, at 320' high, Parker Dam is one of the highest in the world. Much of this height is because dam penetrates well below river bottom to fasten to bedrock. - Parker Dam, Spanning Colorado River between AZ & CA, Parker, La Paz County, AZ

  19. Texas Superintendents' Role in Student Fourth Amendment Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmonson, Stacey

    This study analyzed the current student drug testing policies of Texas public school districts in the context of the Fourth Amendment rights of students. Court decisions on this issue conflict, and school administrators, attorneys, and other concerned parties may be interested in knowing school districts policies. Responses were received from 827…

  20. Nd-laser installation for effective fourth harmonic generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. A. Bufetov; S. B. Kravtsov; V. B. Fedorov

    1996-01-01

    The process of fourth harmonic generation in multicascade laser installation is experimentally investigated. The operative correction of phase synchronism in nonlinear crystals permits to compensate an installation parameters drift and provides stable radiation conversion to the 4th harmonic with efficiency 0.4 divided by 0.5 at E4 approximately 10 J.

  1. Cascade fourth-harmonic generation in a laser cavity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. J. Kasumova

    2000-01-01

    A theory of intracavity fourth-harmonic generation has been developed in the constant intensity approximation with account of changes in the interacting wave phases. The effect both of the phase mismatch and of the absorption of all the interacting waves in a nonlinear medium on the frequency conversion efficiency has been clarified. It has been found that unlike the constant field

  2. Fourth-harmonic generation at crystalline Si(001) interfaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y.-S. Lee; M. C. Downer

    1998-01-01

    We find that because of symmetry and extremely short escape depth, the surface contribution dominates fourth harmonic generation (FHG) from Si(001) surfaces much more strongly than in SHG. FHG efficiency scales for constant fundamental pulse energy and focus. Thus, with shorter pulse sources, FH spectroscopy will become more versatile and easier to perform

  3. Experimental study of a fourth-harmonic gyromultiplier

    SciTech Connect

    Bandurkin, I. V.; Bratman, V. L.; Savilov, A. V.; Samsonov, S. V.; Volkov, A. B. [Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod 603950 (Russian Federation)

    2009-07-15

    Simultaneous generation at the second and fourth cyclotron harmonics has been obtained from a single-cavity self-excited gyromultiplier. Output power of the short-wavelength radiation amounts to 100 W at a frequency of 75 GHz. The proposed scheme seems to be promising for the terahertz frequency range.

  4. Fourth harmonic generation in a resonant ring cavity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joachim Knittel; A. H. Kung

    1997-01-01

    We have analyzed the generation of the fourth harmonic of pulsed laser radiation in a ring cavity that resonates at the second harmonic wavelength. With the help of numerical simulation, the dependence of the conversion efficiency on input laser power as well as cavity loss and nonlinear crystal coefficient is obtained. The model predicts over 50% conversion from the fundamental

  5. Transactions of the fourth symposium on space nuclear power systems

    SciTech Connect

    El-Genk, M.S.; Hoover, M.D. (eds.)

    1987-01-01

    This paper contains the presented papers at the fourth symposium on space nuclear power systems. Topics of these papers include: space nuclear missions and applications, reactors and shielding, nuclear electric and nuclear propulsion, refractory alloys and high-temperature materials, instrumentation and control, energy conversion and storage, space nuclear fuels, thermal management, nuclear safety, simulation and modeling, and multimegawatt system concepts. (LSP)

  6. Beautiful U Day 2006 Awards Fourth annual Beautiful Classroom

    E-print Network

    Webb, Peter

    May 2006 Beautiful U Day 2006 Awards Fourth annual Beautiful Classroom Award goes to Classroom Award for their work in keeping Anderson Hall looking fabulous. The award was presented during the Beautiful U Day awards ceremony. The Beautiful Classroom Award was created in 2003 as a partnership between

  7. Equiangular Tight Frames and Fourth Root Seidel David M. Duncana

    E-print Network

    Solazzo, James

    equiangular tight frames (ETFs). In par- ticular, we study the grammian associated with an ETF whose off-diagonal entries consist entirely of fourth roots of unity. These ETFs are classified, and we also provide some computational techniques which give rise to previously undiscovered ETFs. Keywords: Equiangular Tight Frames

  8. Implementation Frailties of Guba and Lincoln's "Fourth Generation" Evaluation Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neill, Tom

    1995-01-01

    The evaluation of a science education project for teachers in Durban (South Africa) illustrates some problems inherent in the application of the fourth-generation evaluation approach of Guba and Lincoln. One of the strongest concerns is that full participation by stakeholders may be an unrealistic assumption. (SLD)

  9. RACE EQUALITY SCHEME: Fourth Annual Progress Report (2010-2011)

    E-print Network

    Henderson, Gideon

    1 RACE EQUALITY SCHEME: Fourth Annual Progress Report (2010-2011) For copies of this report's continuing race equality work, and provides data on key aspects of the staff and student population of the University. Work on the Race Equality Scheme is overseen by the Race Equality Steering Group (RESG), chaired

  10. 13. Missile site control building, third and fourth floor interior, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Missile site control building, third and fourth floor interior, showing east corner and former electrical equipment area, room #306. This building was salvaged and sealed in the 1970's; the lower floors also suffered flooding - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Missile Site Control Building, Northeast of Tactical Road; southeast of Tactical Road South, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  11. Installing an Integrated System and a Fourth-Generation Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ridenour, David; Ferguson, Linda

    1987-01-01

    In the spring of 1986 Indiana State University converted to the Series Z software of Information Associates, an IBM mainframe, and Information Builders' FOCUS fourth-generation language. The beginning of the planning stage to product selection, training, and implementation is described. (Author/MLW)

  12. GENERAL VIEW OF THE FOURTH LEVEL OF THE EXTERNAL TANK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GENERAL VIEW OF THE FOURTH LEVEL OF THE EXTERNAL TANK CHECK-OUT CELLS, HB-2, FACING EAST - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Vehicle Assembly Building, VAB Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

  13. Dynamic Characters: A Year in the Life of Fourth Hour

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meiklejohn, Julie

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author relates how she was able to facilitate a turn around with a seemingly hopeless regular English class. Her fourth class, which consisted of the thugs and slugs, was her first regular class as she had always been assigned the honors classes. Many of these students were repeating the class, having failed the previous year.…

  14. Solid Modelling with Fourth Order Partial Differential Equation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. H. You; P. Comninos; Jian J. Zhang

    2008-01-01

    A solid modeling method is developed in this paper. In order to satisfy the tangential continuity, a fourth order partial differential equation is proposed and the boundary conditions defining the solid are presented. Since an analytical expression of solid models is the fastest in the geometric modeling, a unified closed form solution to the partial differential equation is sought which

  15. The Nature of Implementing Response to Intervention in Fourth Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ALSuliman, Maha

    2012-01-01

    The ultimate goal of this concurrent embedded mixed-method study was to describe the implementation of Response to Intervention (RTI) and understand the role of Response to Intervention at the fourth-grade elementary school level on the academic performance. This study examined both qualitative and quantitative data. In the qualitative phase, a…

  16. The Copyright Book: A Practical Guide. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strong, William S.

    In response to important changes in copyright law as the United States accommodates itself to the Berne Convention and develops means to take account of new technologies, this guide puts these changes in a form and context that will make sense to persons who are concerned about their rights under the law. New material in the fourth edition of this…

  17. Second-to-Fourth Digit Length, Testosterone and Spatial Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kempel, P.; Gohlke, B.; Klempau, J.; Zinsberger, P.; Reuter, M.; Hennig, J.

    2005-01-01

    Based on stimulating findings suggesting that prenatal levels of steroids may influence cognitive functions, a study with N=40 healthy volunteers of both sexes was conducted. Prenatal levels of testosterone (T) were estimated by use of the second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) which is supposed to be controlled by the same genes involved in…

  18. The N400 and the Fourth Grade Shift

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coch, Donna

    2015-01-01

    While behavioral and educational data characterize a fourth grade shift in reading development, neuroscience evidence is relatively lacking. We used the N400 component of the event-related potential waveform to investigate the development of single word processing across the upper elementary years, in comparison to adult readers. We presented…

  19. ANTARES deep sea neutrino telescope results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mangano, Salvatore; ANTARES Collaboration

    2014-06-01

    The ANTARES experiment is currently the largest underwater neutrino telescope in the Northern Hemisphere. It is taking high quality data since 2007. Its main scientific goal is to search for high energy neutrinos that are expected from the acceleration of cosmic rays from astrophysical sources. This contribution reviews the status of the detector and presents several analyses carried out on atmospheric muons and neutrinos. For example it shows the results from the measurement of atmospheric muon neutrino spectrum and of atmospheric neutrino oscillation parameters as well as searches for neutrinos from steady cosmic point-like sources, for neutrinos from gamma ray bursts and for relativistic magnetic monopoles.

  20. Family Structure and Family Processes in Mexican American Families

    PubMed Central

    Zeiders, Katharine H.; Roosa, Mark W.; Tein, Jenn-Yun

    2010-01-01

    Despite increases in single-parent families among Mexican Americans (MA), few studies have examined the association of family structure and family adjustment. Utilizing a diverse sample of 738 Mexican American families (21.7% single parent), the current study examined differences across family structure on early adolescent outcomes, family functioning, and parent-child relationship variables. Results revealed that early adolescents in single parent families reported greater school misconduct, CD/ODD and MDD symptoms, and greater parent-child conflict than their counterparts in two parent families. Single parent mothers reported greater economic hardship, depression and family stress. Family stress and parent-child conflict emerged as significant mediators of the association between family structure and early adolescent outcomes, suggesting important processes linking MA single parent families and adolescent adjustment. PMID:21361925

  1. Seesaw mechanism and the neutrino mass matrix

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    2000-01-05

    The seesaw mechanism of neutrino mass generation is analysed under the following assumptions: (1) minimal seesaw with no Higgs triplets, (2) hierarchical Dirac masses of neutrinos, (3) large lepton mixing primarily or solely due to the mixing in the right-handed neutrino sector, and (4) unrelated Dirac and Majorana sectors of neutrino masses. It is shown that large mixing governing the dominant channel of the atmospheric neutrino oscillations can be naturally obtained and that this constrained seesaw mechanism favours the normal mass hierarchy for the light neutrinos leading to a small $U_{e3}$ entry of the lepton mixing matrix and a mass scale of the lightest right handed neutrino $M\\simeq 10^{10} - 10^{11}$ GeV. Any of the three main neutrino oscillation solutions to the solar neutrino problem can be accommodated. The inverted mass hierarchy and quasi-degeneracy of neutrinos are disfavoured in our scheme.

  2. Flavor distribution of UHE cosmic neutrino oscillations at neutrino telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xing, Zhi-Zhong

    2009-04-01

    If the ultrahigh-energy (UHE) cosmic neutrinos produced from a distant astrophysical source can be measured at a km-size neutrino telescope such as the IceCube or KM3NeT, they will open a new window to understand the nature of flavor mixing and to probe possible new physics. Considering the conventional UHE cosmic neutrino source with the flavor ratio ?e:??:??=1:2:0, I point out two sets of conditions for the flavor democracy ?eT:??T:??T=1:1:1 to show up at neutrino telescopes: either ?13=0 and ?23=?/4 (CP invariance) or ?=±?/2 and ?23=?/4 (CP violation) in the standard parametrization of the 3×3 neutrino mixing matrix V. Allowing for slight ?-? symmetry breaking effects characterized by ??[-0.1,+0.1], I find ?eT:??T:??T=(1-2?):(1+?):(1+?) as a good approximation. Another possibility to constrain ? is to detect the ? flux of E?6.3PeV via the Glashow resonance channel ?e?W?anything. I also give some brief comments on (1) possible non-unitarity of V in the seesaw framework and its effects on the flavor distribution at neutrino telescopes and (2) a generic description and determination of the cosmic neutrino flavor composition at distant astrophysical sources.

  3. Homestake result, sterile neutrinos and low energy solar neutrino experiments

    E-print Network

    De Holanda, P C

    2003-01-01

    The large mixing (LMA) MSW solution predicts ~2-sigma higher Ar-production rate, Q_{Ar}, than the Homestake result. Also there is no apparent upturn of the spectrum (R=N_obs/N_SSM) at low energies in SNO and Super-Kamiokande (SK). Both these facts can be explained if a light, \\Delta m^2_{01} ~ (2 - 20)10^{-5} eV^2, sterile neutrino exists which mixes very weakly with active neutrinos: sin^2 2\\alpha ~ (10^{-5} - 10^{-3}). We perform both the analytical and numerical study of conversion effects in the system of two active neutrinos with the LMA parameters and one weakly mixed sterile neutrino. The presence of sterile neutrino leads to a dip in the survival probability in the intermediate energy range E = (0.5 - 5) MeV thus suppressing the Be, or/and pep, CNO as well as B neutrino fluxes. Apart from diminishing Q_{Ar} it leads also to decrease of the Ge-production rate and may lead to decrease of the BOREXINO signal and CC/NC ratio at SNO. Future studies of the solar neutrinos by SNO, SK, BOREXINO and KamLAND as...

  4. Neutrino electromagnetic properties and magnetic moment induced transition of neutrino between different mass states

    E-print Network

    A. Grigoriev; A. Lokhov; A. Studenikin; A. Ternov

    2010-12-14

    The Spin Light of neutrino, the process that becomes possible in matter for a neutrino with nontrivial electromagnetic properties, is considered for the case of nonequal neutrino masses in the initial and final states.

  5. Theory of neutrino oscillations with entanglement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kayser, Boris; Kopp, Joachim; Robertson, R. G. Hamish; Vogel, Petr

    2010-11-01

    We show that, despite appearances, a theoretical approach to neutrino oscillation in which the neutrino and its interaction partners are entangled yields the standard result for the neutrino oscillation wavelength. We also shed some light on the question of why plane-wave approaches to the neutrino oscillation problem can yield the correct oscillation wavelength even though they do not explicitly account for the localization of the neutrino source and the detector.

  6. Parametric resonance in neutrino oscillations in matter

    E-print Network

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    1999-07-20

    Neutrino oscillations in matter can exhibit a specific resonance enhancement -- parametric resonance, which is different from the MSW resonance. Oscillations of atmospheric and solar neutrinos inside the earth can undergo parametric enhancement when neutrino trajectories cross the core of the earth. In this paper we review the parametric resonance of neutrino oscillations in matter. In particular, physical interpretation of the effect and the prospects of its experimental observation in oscillations of solar and atmospheric neutrinos in the earth are discussed.

  7. Search for neutrinos from gamma-ray bursts with the Baikal neutrino telescope NT200

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. V. Avrorin; V. M. Aynutdinov; I. A. Belolaptikov; D. Yu. Bogorodsky; N. M. Budnev; R. Wischnewski; O. N. Gaponenko; K. V. Golubkov; O. A. Gress; T. I. Gress; O. G. Grishin; I. A. Danilchenko; Zh.-A. M. Dzhilkibaev; G. V. Domogatsky; A. A. Doroshenko; A. N. Dyachok; V. A. Zhukov; A. V. Zagorodnikov; A. M. Klabukov; A. I. Klimov; K. V. Konishchev; A. V. Korobchenko; A. P. Koshechkin; L. A. Kuzmichev; V. F. Kulepov; D. A. Kuleshov; V. I. Ljashuk; A. Middell; M. B. Milenin; R. R. Mirgazov; S. P. Mikheev; E. A. Osipova; A. I. Panfilov; L. V. Pan'kov; G. L. Pan'kov; A. A. Perevalov; D. A. Petukhov; E. N. Pliskovsky; V. A. Poleshchuk; E. G. Popova; V. V. Prosin; M. I. Rozanov; V. Yu. Rubzov; E. V. Rjabov; O. V. Suvorova; B. A. Tarashchansky; S. V. Fialkovsky; B. A. Shoibonov; A. A. Sheifler; A. V. Shirokov; Ch. Spiering; A. S. Yagunov

    2011-01-01

    We present the results of our search for neutrino events coinciding in time and direction with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) with the Baikal underwater neutrino telescope NT200. No events confirming a neutrino accompaniment of GRBs have been detected. Model-independent limits (Greens function) on the neutrino flux from GRBs have been obtained. For the Waxman-Bahcall neutrino spectrum, the limit on the neutrino

  8. MUON STORAGE RINGS - NEUTRINO FACTORIES

    SciTech Connect

    PARSA,Z.

    2000-05-30

    The concept of a muon storage ring based Neutrino Source (Neutrino Factory) has sparked considerable interest in the High Energy Physics community. Besides providing a first phase of a muon collider facility, it would generate more intense and well collimated neutrino beams than currently available. The BNL-AGS or some other proton driver would provide an intense proton beam that hits a target, produces pions that decay into muons. The muons must be cooled, accelerated and injected into a storage ring with a long straight section where they decay. The decays occurring in the straight sections of the ring would generate neutrino beams that could be directed to detectors located thousands of kilometers away, allowing studies of neutrino oscillations with precisions not currently accessible. For example, with the neutrino source at BNL, detectors at Soudan, Minnesota (1,715 km), and Gran Sasso, Italy (6,527 km) become very interesting possibilities. The feasibility of constructing and operating such a muon-storage-ring based Neutrino-Factory, including geotechnical questions related to building non-planar storage rings (e.g. at 8{degree} angle for BNL-Soudan, and 3{degree} angle for BNL-Gran Sasso) along with the design of the muon capture, cooling, acceleration, and storage ring for such a facility is being explored by the growing Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration (NFMCC). The authors present overview of Neutrino Factory concept based on a muon storage ring, its components, physics opportunities, possible upgrade to a full muon collider, latest simulations of front-end, and a new bowtie-muon storage ring design.

  9. Analyzing Atmospheric Neutrino Oscillations

    SciTech Connect

    Escamilla, J.; Ernst, D. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN, 37235 (United States); Latimer, D. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40506 (United States)

    2007-10-26

    We provide a pedagogic derivation of the formula needed to analyze atmospheric data and then derive, for the subset of the data that are fully-contained events, an analysis tool that is quantitative and numerically efficient. Results for the full set of neutrino oscillation data are then presented. We find the following preliminary results: 1.) the sub-dominant approximation provides reasonable values for the best fit parameters for {delta}{sub 32}, {theta}{sub 23}, and {theta}{sub 13} but does not quantitatively provide the errors for these three parameters; 2.) the size of the MSW effect is suppressed in the sub-dominant approximation; 3.) the MSW effect reduces somewhat the extracted error for {delta}{sub 32}, more so for {theta}{sub 23} and {theta}{sub 13}; 4.) atmospheric data alone constrains the allowed values of {theta}{sub 13} only in the sub-dominant approximation, the full three neutrino calculations requires CHOOZ to get a clean constraint; 5.) the linear in {theta}{sub 13} terms are not negligible; and 6.) the minimum value of {theta}{sub 13} is found to be negative, but at a statistically insignificant level.

  10. Supernova neutrinos and nucleosynthesis

    E-print Network

    Martínez-Pinedo, G; Huther, L

    2013-01-01

    Observations of metal-poor stars indicate that at least two different nucleosynthesis sites contribute to the production of r-process elements. One site is responsible for the production of light r-process elements Z<~50 while the other produces the heavy r-process elements. We have analyzed recent observations of metal-poor stars selecting only stars that are enriched in light r-process elements and poor in heavy r-process elements. We find a strong correlation between the observed abundances of the N=50 elements (Sr, Y and Zr) and Fe. It suggest that neutrino-driven winds from core-collapse supernova are the main site for the production of these elements. We explore this possibility by performing nucleosynthesis calculations based on long term Boltzmann neutrino transport simulations. They are based on an Equation of State that reproduces recent constrains on the nuclear symmetry energy. We predict that the early ejecta is neutron-rich with Ye ~ 0.48, it becomes proton rich around 4 s and reaches Ye = 0....

  11. Solar monopoles and terrestrial neutrinos

    SciTech Connect

    Frieman, J.

    1988-04-01

    Magnetic monopoles captured in the core of the sun may give rise to a substantial flux of energetic neutrinos by catalyzing the decay of solar hydrogen. We discuss the expected neutrino flux in underground detectors under different assumptions about solar interior conditions. Although a monopole flux as low as F/sub M/ /approximately/ 10/sup /minus/24/ cm/sup /minus/2/ sec/sup /minus/1/ sr/sup /minus/1/ could give rise to a neutrino flux above atmospheric background, due to M/bar M/ annihilation, this does not translate into a reliable monopole flux bound stronger than the Parker limit. 8 refs., 1 fig.

  12. Textures for neutrino mass matrices

    SciTech Connect

    Leontaris, G.K.; Lola, S.; Scheich, C.; Vergados, J.D. [Theoretical Physics Division, Ioannina University, GR-45110 Ioannina (Greece)] [Theoretical Physics Division, Ioannina University, GR-45110 Ioannina (Greece); [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Univerisitaet Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049, Madrid (Spain); [Department of Natural Sciences, University of Cyprus, Nicosia (Cyprus)

    1996-06-01

    We give a classification of heavy Majorana neutrino mass matrices with up to three texture zeros, assuming the Dirac masses of the neutrinos to be of the same form as the ones of the up quarks in the five texture zero solutions for the quark matrices. This is the case for many unified and partially unified models. We find that it is possible to have solutions which account for the solar and atmospheric neutrino problems as well as the COBE observations simultaneously, and we motivate the existence of such solutions from symmetries. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  13. Neutrino Physics with Thermal Detectors

    SciTech Connect

    Nucciotti, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano Bicocca and INFN Sezione di Milano-Bicocca Piazza della Scienza, 3, 20126 Milano (Italy)

    2009-11-09

    The investigation of fundamental neutrino properties like its mass and its nature calls for the design of a new generation of experiments. High sensitivity, high energy resolution, and versatility together with the possibility of a simple multiplexing scheme are the key features of future detectors for these experiments. Thermal detectors can combine all these features. This paper reviews the status and the perspectives for what concerns the application of this type of detectors to neutrino physics, focusing on direct neutrino mass measurements and neutrinoless double beta decay searches.

  14. Bruno Pontecorvo and the neutrino

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bilenky, S. M.

    2014-05-01

    This paper commemorates the 100th anniversary of the birth of the great scientist and neutrino researcher Bruno Pontecorvo. His major contributions are reviewed, including the radiochemical method of neutrino detection, the idea of the ?-{ e} universality of the weak interaction, and the proposal of an accelerator experiment to prove that ? e and ?_? are different particles. Pontecorvo's fundamental idea of neutrino masses, mixing, and oscillations is discussed in detail, as is the development of this idea by Pontecorvo and Gribov and Pontecorvo and the author.

  15. Superluminal neutrinos and domain walls

    E-print Network

    Peng Wang; Houwen Wu; Haitang Yang

    2011-10-08

    In this letter, we propose that the recent measurement of superluminal neutrinos in OPERA could be explained by the existence of a domain wall which is left behind after the phase transition of some scalar field in the universe. The scalar field couples to the neutrino and photon field with different effective couplings. It causes different effective metrics and the emergence of superluminal neutrinos. Moreover, if the supernova and the earth are in the same plane parallel to the wall, or the thickness of the wall is much smaller than the distance from the supernova to the earth, the contradiction between OPERA and SN1987a can be reconciled.

  16. Ecological, psychological, and cognitive components of reading difficulties: testing the component model of reading in fourth graders across 38 countries.

    PubMed

    Chiu, Ming Ming; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Lin, Dan

    2012-01-01

    The authors tested the component model of reading (CMR) among 186,725 fourth grade students from 38 countries (45 regions) on five continents by analyzing the 2006 Progress in International Reading Literacy Study data using measures of ecological (country, family, school, teacher), psychological, and cognitive components. More than 91% of the differences in student difficulty occurred at the country (61%) and classroom (30%) levels (ecological), with less than 9% at the student level (cognitive and psychological). All three components were negatively associated with reading difficulties: cognitive (student's early literacy skills), ecological (family characteristics [socioeconomic status, number of books at home, and attitudes about reading], school characteristics [school climate and resources]), and psychological (students' attitudes about reading, reading self-concept, and being a girl). These results extend the CMR by demonstrating the importance of multiple levels of factors for reading deficits across diverse cultures. PMID:22183193

  17. 76 FR 37650 - Safety Zone; Northern California Annual Fireworks Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, South Lake...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ...Events, Fourth of July Fireworks, South Lake Tahoe Gaming Alliance AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement...the annual Fourth of July Fireworks, South Lake Tahoe Gaming Alliance (Lights on the Lake Fireworks Display). This action is...

  18. Assessing changes in competency of fourth-year veterinary medical students following a defined clinical experience 

    E-print Network

    Espitia, Noberto Francisco

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to measure the competency of problem solving skills of fourth-year veterinary students. The study identified two primary objectives, (a) define clinical competency for fourth-year veterinary medical students, and (b...

  19. Fourth-order diffusion Monte Carlo algorithms for solving quantum many-body problems 

    E-print Network

    Forbert, HA; Chin, Siu A.

    2001-01-01

    By decomposing the important sampled imaginary time Schrodinger evolution operator to fourth order with positive coefficients, we derived a number of distinct fourth-order diffusion Monte Carlo algorithms. These sophisticated algorithms require...

  20. Assessing changes in competency of fourth-year veterinary medical students following a defined clinical experience

    E-print Network

    Espitia, Noberto Francisco

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to measure the competency of problem solving skills of fourth-year veterinary students. The study identified two primary objectives, (a) define clinical competency for fourth-year veterinary medical students, and (b...

  1. The Return of Reasonableness: Saving the Fourth Amendment from the Supreme Court

    E-print Network

    Wilson, Melanie D.

    2008-01-01

    The Supreme Court's Fourth Amendment jurisprudence has been oft criticized. The criticism is not surprising or undeserved. After all, the express language of the Fourth Amendment requires that the government act reasonably ...

  2. The SNO-Experiment and Neutrino Oscillations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faessler, Amand

    2002-01-01

    Using the pre-SNO neutrino oscillation data of the solar and the atmospheric neutrino oscillations including and excluding the LSND (Los Alamos) measurements fits for the three mixing angle of the unitary transformation between the three neutrino mass eigenstates and the weak eigenstates are given. At the same time the differences of the squared masses are fitted to the data. Using an averaged upper value of delimiter "426830A m? e > = 0.62 eV from the neutrino double beta decay, one can limit the sum of the three neutrino masses to be less than 2.53 eV. The new data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory allow for the first time with the help of the SuperKamiokande data to determine the solar e and (? + ? ) neutrino fluxes separately. The sum is within errors identical to the theoretical electron neutrino flux from the sun. We thus see all expected solar neutrinos. They only oscillated partially from electron to ? + ? neutrinos. In the last part we report calculations of neutrino masses in the R-parity violating Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (R/ MSSM). The R-parity violating interaction mixes the three neutrino flavors by R-parity violation with the four neutralinos (photino, zino and the two higgsinos). One finds neutrino masses for the first two neutrinos between 0.001 and 0.04 eV and for the third one between 0.03 and 1 eV.

  3. First measurement of the flux of solar neutrinos from the sun at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wittich, Peter

    2000-12-01

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a second generation solar neutrino detector. SNO is the first experiment that is able to measure both the electron neutrino flux and a flavor-blind flux of all active neutrino types, allowing a model-independent determination if the deficit of solar neutrinos known as the solar neutrino problem is due to neutrino oscillation. The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory started taking production data in November, 1999. A measurement of the charged current rate will be the first indication if SNO too sees a suppression of the solar neutrino signal relative to the theoretical predictions. Such a confirmation is the first step in SNO's ambitious science program. In this thesis, we present evidence that SNO is seeing solar neutrinos and a preliminary ratio of the measured vs predicted rate of electrons as induced by 8B neutrinos in the ?e, + d --> p + p + e charged-current (CC) reaction.

  4. Neutrino Decays and Neutrino Electron Elastic Scattering in Unparticle Physics

    E-print Network

    Shun Zhou

    2007-10-30

    Following Georgi's unparticle scheme, we examine the effective couplings between neutrinos and unparticle operators. As an immediate consequence, neutrinos become unstable and can decay into the unparticle stuff. Assuming the dimension transmutation scale is around $\\Lambda^{}_{\\cal U} \\sim 1 ~{\\rm TeV}$, we implement the cosmological limit on the neutrino lifetime to constrain the neutrino-unparticle couplings for different scaling dimensions $d$. In addition, provided that the electron-unparticle coupling is restricted due to the precise measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of electron, we calculate the unparticle contribution to the neutrino-electron elastic scattering. It is more important to jointly deal with the couplings of the unparticle to the standard model particles rather than separately. Taking into account both electron- and neutrino-unparticle couplings, we find that the scaling dimension of the scalar unparticle should lie in the narrow range $1 < d < 2$ by requiring the observables to be physically meaningful. However, there is no consistent range of $d$ for the vector unparticle operator.

  5. Galaxy rotation curves from a fourth order gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mishra, P.; Singh, T. P.

    2014-03-01

    While the standard and most popular explanation for the flatness of galaxy rotation curves is dark matter, one cannot at this stage rule out an explanation based on a modified law of gravitation, which agrees with Newtonian gravitation on the scale of the Solar system, but differs from it on larger length scales. Examples include Modfied Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) and Scalar-Tensor-Vector Gravity (STVG). Here, we have reported on a fourth order modification of the Poisson equation, which yields the same Yukawa type modification of Newtonian gravity as STVG, and which can explain flat galaxy rotation curves for a large sample of galaxies, once specific values for two parameters have been chosen. We have speculated on two possible origins for this modified Poisson equation: First, a possible fourth order modification of general relativity, and second, quadrupole gravitational polarization induced on a galaxy because of the pull of neighbouring galaxies.

  6. 'Pheran' Induced Fourth Degree Friction Burn of the Brain.

    PubMed

    Rasool, Altaf; Bashir, Sheikh Adil; Zaroo, Mohamad Inam; Bijli, Akram Hussain; Wani, Iqbal Rasool

    2015-06-01

    Friction burns result from the rubbing between the skin and any other rough surface. We present a case of fourth degree friction burn of the brain, which was predisposed due to the wearing of traditional long loose clothing known as 'Pheran'. The patient was pillion riding a motor bike on a highway and was wearing a Pheran. The loose arm sleeves of the pheran were hanging by the side. The bike met with a side-on collision with a load-carrier lorry. The patient fell down and the left loose arm sleeve of the pheran was trapped in the axle of the lorry. He was dragged on the road for about half a km before the fast moving lorry stopped, the driver being oblivious of the accident. The patient developed friction injury to various parts of the body in addition to a severe fourth degree friction burn to brain and a fracture shaft of left femur. PMID:26080182

  7. Spinal accessory nerve schwannomas masquerading as a fourth ventricular lesion

    PubMed Central

    Krishnan, Shyam Sundar; Bojja, Sivaram; Vasudevan, Madabhushi Chakravarthy

    2015-01-01

    Schwannomas are benign lesions that arise from the nerve sheath of cranial nerves. The most common schwannomas arise from the 8th cranial nerve (the vestibulo-cochlear nerve) followed by trigeminal and facial nerves and then from glossopharyngeal, vagus, and spinal accessory nerves. Schwannomas involving the oculomotor, trochlear, abducens and hypoglossal nerves are very rare. We report a very unusual spinal accessory nerve schwannoma which occupied the fourth ventricle and extended inferiorly to the upper cervical canal. The radiological features have been detailed. The diagnostic dilemma was due to its midline posterior location mimicking a fourth ventricular lesion like medulloblastoma and ependymoma. Total excision is the ideal treatment for these tumors. A brief review of literature with tabulations of the variants has been listed. PMID:25552867

  8. Quantum Theory of Gravitation vs. Classical Theory ---Fourth-Order Potential

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoichi Iwasaki

    1971-01-01

    The perihelion-motion of Mercury depends on the fourth-order potential in quantum field theory; it is a ``Lamb shift''. In spite of the unrenormalizability of the theory, we have extracted a finite and physically meaningrul quantity, a fourth-order potential, from fourth-order graphs. We have also discussed briefly renormalization of the Newtonian potential in the fourth-order perturbation. The Hamiltonian obtained is the

  9. A fourth order accurate adaptive mesh refinement method forpoisson's equation

    SciTech Connect

    Barad, Michael; Colella, Phillip

    2004-08-20

    We present a block-structured adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) method for computing solutions to Poisson's equation in two and three dimensions. It is based on a conservative, finite-volume formulation of the classical Mehrstellen methods. This is combined with finite volume AMR discretizations to obtain a method that is fourth-order accurate in solution error, and with easily verifiable solvability conditions for Neumann and periodic boundary conditions.

  10. Direct quasi-phase-matched fourth-harmonic generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xianfeng Chen; Yuping Chen; Yuxing Xia

    2005-01-01

    We have theoretically demonstrated direct fourth-harmonic generation (FHG) based on a quasi-phase-matching (QPM) configuration in periodically poled lithium niobate. The wavelength dependence of period of FHG QPM gratings is calculated. Bandwidths of fundamental wavelength, temperature, and incident angle are also studied. We find a very wide bandwidth, as large as 115 nm, of fundamental wavelength near the wavelength of 3797

  11. Cascaded fourth-harmonic generation in a single nonlinear crystal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rosen Ivanov; Solomon Saltiel

    2005-01-01

    We investigate theoretically the process of phase-matched fourth-harmonic generation in a single quadratic crystal. In the case of a plane-wave fundamental or weak focusing, the results have an analytical form. The optimal focusing position of the fundamental beam depends on the values of the mismatches for each of the two steps of the second-order cascading: doubling of the fundamental frequency

  12. Reflected optical fourth harmonic generation at crystalline surfaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y.-S. Lee; M. C. Downer

    2000-01-01

    We present a systematic analysis of the intensity anisotropy of fourth harmonic generation (FHG) in reflection from centrosymmetric crystals of classes m3m (e.g. diamond structure) and 6\\/mmm (e.g. graphite) and non-centrosymmetric crystals of class 4?3m (e.g. zincblende structure). Surface dipole FH contributions are analyzed for six symmetry classes (2mm, 4mm, 3m, m, 6mm, 5-fold) which encompass the (001), (111), and

  13. Humanitarian Cluster Leads as Fourth-Party Logistics Providers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leif-Magnus Jensen

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a The concept of a fourth-party logistics provider is increasingly explored in the literature and has come to focus on firms\\u000a that are able to organize and run significant parts of a supply chain. These firms are assigned increasing responsibility\\u000a for design, recruitment of other firms and maintenance of supply chains due to very specific skills. Within the humanitarian\\u000a sector there

  14. [The Fourth Retroviruses Conference: good news with precautions].

    PubMed

    Arboleda, C H

    1997-01-01

    The Fourth Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections was held in Washington, D.C. in January 1997. Topics that were presented at the conference include reduced AIDS mortalities in New York, reduced hospitalizations for opportunistic infections, clinical advances in antiretroviral therapies, and treatment and prevention of opportunistic infections. Drug therapies, viral load change, T4 cell counts, and peripheral neurodegeneration are discussed. Special attention is given to combination therapies. PMID:11364489

  15. Direction finding experiments based on fourth order cumulants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. R. O. Nickel

    2000-01-01

    This paper considers high resolution direction finding in the presence of noise-like jammers for the case where the jammer-alone covariance matrix cannot be measured. We apply two versions of fourth order cumulant based higher order statistics (HOS) MUSIC methods to real data, discuss the super-resolution and the jammer suppression properties, and introduce a weighted HOS projection method which overcomes the

  16. Ion channel targets - select biosciences' fourth annual conference.

    PubMed

    Holmqvist, Mats; Maduke, Merritt

    2008-11-01

    Select Biosciences' Fourth Annual Ion Channel Targets conference brought together scientists from industry and academia who are interested in the discovery of therapeutics targeted to various ion channels implicated in human disease. Topics addressed included methodological aspects of screening for ion channel drugs, the discovery of novel inhibitors and activators of ion channels that are drug candidates, and suggestions of potential new ion channel targets. PMID:18988121

  17. Distance Learning in Einstein’s Fourth Dimension

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin Throne

    2007-01-01

    This article blends the concepts of spacetime from theoretical physics and Einstein’s Relativity Theory to discuss the spatiotemporal nature of distance education. By comparing and contrasting speed-of-light space travel with the speed of computer processing, the leap is made to consider the fourth dimension and its phenomena for the Web traveler. Learning events are compared with events in time to

  18. Final Report for CORBA for Fourth Generation Language

    SciTech Connect

    Svetlana Shasharina

    2005-06-28

    The standard for object based networking is the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA). However, CORBA is not available for Fourth Generation Languages (4GL's) such as Visual Numerics? PV-WAVE or Research Systems? Interactive Data Language (RSI-IDL), which are widely used by scientists and engineers for data visualization and analysis. The proposed work would provide a set of tools to allow 4GL's to interoperate with CORBA.

  19. Final Report for CORBA for Fourth Generation Language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Svetlana Shasharina

    2005-01-01

    The standard for object based networking is the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA). However, CORBA is not available for Fourth Generation Languages (4GL's) such as Visual Numerics? PV-WAVE or Research Systems? Interactive Data Language (RSI-IDL), which are widely used by scientists and engineers for data visualization and analysis. The proposed work would provide a set of tools to allow

  20. The atmospheric effects of stratospheric aircraft: A fourth program report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. S. Stolarski; H. L. Wesoky; S. C. Wofsy; A. R. Ravishankara; J. M. Rodriguez; W. L. Grose

    1995-01-01

    This document presents the fourth report from the Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft (AESA) component of NASA`s High-Speed Research Program (HSRP). Market and technology considerations continue to provide an impetus for high-speed civil transport research. A recent AESA interim assessment report and a review of that report have shown that considerable uncertainty still exists about the possible impact of aircraft

  1. Neutrino mass and mixing, and non-accelerator experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, R.G.H.

    1992-01-01

    We review the current status of experimental knowledge about neutrinos derived from kinematic mass measurements, neutrino oscillation searches at reactors and accelerators, solar neutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, and single and double beta decay. The solar neutrino results yield fairly strong and consistent indication that neutrino oscillations are occurring. Other evidence for new physics is less consistent and convincing.

  2. Neutrino mass and mixing, and non-accelerator experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, R.G.H.

    1992-10-01

    We review the current status of experimental knowledge about neutrinos derived from kinematic mass measurements, neutrino oscillation searches at reactors and accelerators, solar neutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, and single and double beta decay. The solar neutrino results yield fairly strong and consistent indication that neutrino oscillations are occurring. Other evidence for new physics is less consistent and convincing.

  3. First Neutrino Point-Source Results from the 22 String Icecube Detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J.; Ahlers, M.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Bay, R.; Bazo Alba, J. L.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker, J. K.; Becker, K.-H.; Benabderrahmane, M. L.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Bolmont, J.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Bradley, L.; Braun, J.; Breder, D.; Castermans, T.; Chirkin, D.; Christy, B.; Clem, J.; Cohen, S.; Cowen, D. F.; D'Agostino, M. V.; Danninger, M.; Day, C. T.; De Clercq, C.; Demirörs, L.; Depaepe, O.; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; de Vries-Uiterweerd, G.; De Young, T.; Diaz-Velez, J. C.; Dreyer, J.; Dumm, J. P.; Duvoort, M. R.; Edwards, W. R.; Ehrlich, R.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engdegård, O.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Foerster, M. M.; Fox, B. D.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Ganugapati, R.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Gozzini, R.; Grant, D.; Griesel, T.; Groß, A.; Grullon, S.; Gunasingha, R. M.; Gurtner, M.; Ha, C.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Han, K.; Hanson, K.; Hasegawa, Y.; Heise, J.; Helbing, K.; Herquet, P.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoshina, K.; Hubert, D.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hülß, J.-P.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Imlay, R. L.; Inaba, M.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Johansson, H.; Joseph, J. M.; Kampert, K.-H.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kenny, P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Klein, S. R.; Klepser, S.; Knops, S.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kowalski, M.; Kowarik, T.; Krasberg, M.; Kuehn, K.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Lafebre, S.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Lauer, R.; Leich, H.; Lennarz, D.; Lucke, A.; Lundberg, J.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Majumdar, P.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; McParland, C. P.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Mészáros, P.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miyamoto, H.; Mohr, A.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Movit, S. M.; Münich, K.; Nahnhauer, R.; Nam, J. W.; Nießen, P.; Nygren, D. R.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; Ono, M.; Panknin, S.; Patton, S.; Pérez de los Heros, C.; Petrovic, J.; Piegsa, A.; Pieloth, D.; Pohl, A. C.; Porrata, R.; Potthoff, N.; Price, P. B.; Prikockis, M.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Rizzo, A.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Roth, P.; Rothmaier, F.; Rott, C.; Roucelle, C.; Rutledge, D.; Ryckbosch, D.; Sander, H.-G.; Sarkar, S.; Satalecka, K.; Schlenstedt, S.; Schmidt, T.; Schneider, D.; Schukraft, A.; Schulz, O.; Schunck, M.; Seckel, D.; Semburg, B.; Seo, S. H.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Silvestri, A.; Slipak, A.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stephens, G.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stoufer, M. C.; Stoyanov, S.; Strahler, E. A.; Straszheim, T.; Sulanke, K.-H.; Sullivan, G. W.; Swillens, Q.; Taboada, I.; Tarasova, O.; Tepe, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Terranova, C.; Tilav, S.; Tluczykont, M.; Toale, P. A.; Tosi, D.; Tur?an, D.; van Eijndhoven, N.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Overloop, A.; Voigt, B.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Walter, M.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wiedemann, A.; Wikström, G.; Williams, D. R.; Wischnewski, R.; Wissing, H.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, X. W.; Yodh, G.; Ice Cube Collaboration

    2009-08-01

    We present new results of searches for neutrino point sources in the northern sky, using data recorded in 2007-2008 with 22 strings of the IceCube detector (approximately one-fourth of the planned total) and 275.7 days of live time. The final sample of 5114 neutrino candidate events agrees well with the expected background of atmospheric muon neutrinos and a small component of atmospheric muons. No evidence of a point source is found, with the most significant excess of events in the sky at 2.2? after accounting for all trials. The average upper limit over the northern sky for point sources of muon-neutrinos with E -2 spectrum is E^{2} ?_{?_{?}} < 1.4 × 10^{-11} TeV cm^{-2} s^{-1}, in the energy range from 3 TeV to 3 PeV, improving the previous best average upper limit by the AMANDA-II detector by a factor of 2.

  4. Neutrinos and Cosmology: an update

    E-print Network

    Ofelia Pisanti; P. D. Serpico

    2005-07-14

    We review the current cosmological status of neutrinos, with particular emphasis on their effects on Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, Large Scale Structure of the universe and Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation measurements.

  5. Unparticle effects in neutrino telescopes

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez-Sprinberg, G.; Martinez, R.; Sampayo, Oscar A. [Instituto de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la Republica, Igua 4225, 11400 Montevideo (Uruguay); Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional, Bogota (Colombia); Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350, (7600) Mar del Plata (Argentina)

    2009-03-01

    Recently H. Georgi has introduced the concept of unparticles in order to describe the low energy physics of a nontrivial scale invariant sector of an effective theory. We investigate its physical effects on the neutrino flux to be detected in a kilometer cubic neutrino telescope such as IceCube. We study the effects, on different observables, of the survival neutrino flux after through the Earth, and the regeneration originated in the neutral currents. We calculate the contribution of unparticle physics to the neutrino-nucleon interaction and, then, to the observables in order to evaluate detectable effects in IceCUbe. Our results are compared with the bounds obtained by other nonunderground experiments. Finally, the results are presented as an exclusion plot in the relevant parameters of the new physics stuff.

  6. The Evolution of Neutrino Astronomy

    E-print Network

    John Bahcall; Raymond Davis, Jr

    2000-04-08

    How did neutrino astronomy evolve? Are there any useful lessons for astronomers and physicists embarking on new observational ventures today? We answer the first question; the reader can can decide if there are any useful parallels for other fields.

  7. High-Energy Neutrino Astronomy

    E-print Network

    F. Halzen

    2004-02-03

    Kilometer-scale neutrino detectors such as IceCube are discovery instruments covering nuclear and particle physics, cosmology and astronomy. Examples of their multidisciplinary missions include the search for the particle nature of dark matter and for additional small dimensions of space. In the end, their conceptual design is very much anchored to the observational fact that Nature accelerates protons and photons to energies in excess of $10^{20}$ and $10^{13}$ eV, respectively. The cosmic ray connection sets the scale of cosmic neutrino fluxes. In this context, we discuss the first results of the completed AMANDA detector and the reach of its extension, IceCube. Similar experiments are under construction in the Mediterranean. Neutrino astronomy is also expanding in new directions with efforts to detect air showers, acoustic and radio signals initiated by super-EeV neutrinos.

  8. High-Energy Neutrino Astronomy

    E-print Network

    F. Halzen

    2005-01-26

    Kilometer-scale neutrino detectors such as IceCube are discovery instruments covering nuclear and particle physics, cosmology and astronomy. Examples of their multidisciplinary missions include the search for the particle nature of dark matter and for additional small dimensions of space. In the end, their conceptual design is very much anchored to the observational fact that Nature accelerates protons and photons to energies in excess of 10^{20} and 10^{13} eV, respectively. The cosmic ray connection sets the scale of cosmic neutrino fluxes. In this context, we discuss the first results of the completed AMANDA detector and the reach of its extension, IceCube. Similar experiments are under construction in the Mediterranean. Neutrino astronomy is also expanding in new directions with efforts to detect air showers, acoustic and radio signals initiated by neutrinos with energies similar to those of the highest energy cosmic rays.

  9. On the muon neutrino mass

    E-print Network

    N. Angelov; F. Balestra; Yu. Batusov; A. Bianconi; M. P. Bussa; L. Busso; L. Ferrero; R. Garfagnini; I. Gnesi; E. Lodi Rizzini; A. Maggiora; D. Panzieri; G. Piragino; G. Pontecorvo; F. Tosello; L. Venturelli

    2006-05-03

    During the runs of the PS 179 experiment at LEAR of CERN, we photographed an event of antiproton-Ne absorption, with a complete pi+ -> mu+ ->e+ chain. From the vertex of the reaction a very slow energy pi+ was emitted. The pi+ decays into a mu+ and subsequently the mu+ decays into a positron. At the first decay vertex a muon neutrino was emitted and at the second decay vertex an electron neutrino and a muon antineutrino. Measuring the pion and muon tracks and applying the momentum and energy conservation and using a classical statistical interval estimator, we obtained an experimental upper limit for the muon neutrino mass: m_nu < 2.2 MeV at a 90% confidence level. A statistical analysis has been performed of the factors contributing to the square value of the neutrino mass limit.

  10. Solar Neutrino Experiments: New Physics?

    E-print Network

    John N. Bahcall

    1993-07-07

    Physics beyond the simplest version of the standard electroweak model is required to reconcile the results of the chlorine and the Kamiokande solar neutrino experiments. None of the 1000 solar models in a full Monte Carlo simulation is consistent with the results of the chlorine or the Kamiokande experiments. Even if the solar models are forced articficially to have a ${}^8 B$ neutrino flux in agreement with the Kamiokande experiment, none of the fudged models agrees with the chlorine observations. This comparison shows that consistency of the chlorine and Kamiokande experiments requires some physical process that changes the shape of the ${}^8 B$ neutrino energy spectrum. The GALLEX and SAGE experiments, which currently have large statistical uncertainties, differ from the predictions of the standard solar model by $2 \\sigma$ and $3 \\sigma$, respectively. The possibility that the neutrino experiments are incorrect is briefly discussed.

  11. Research in Neutrino Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Busenitz, Jerome [The University of Alabama

    2014-09-30

    Research in Neutrino Physics We describe here the recent activities of our two groups over the first year of this award (effectively November 2010 through January 2012) and our proposed activities and associated budgets for the coming grant year. Both of our groups are collaborating on the Double Chooz reactor neutrino experiment and are playing major roles in calibration and analysis. A major milestone was reached recently: the collaboration obtained the first result on the search for 13 based on 100 days of data from the far detector. Our data indicates that 13 is not zero; specifically the best fit of the neutrino oscillation hypothesis to our data gives sin2 (2 13) = 0.086 ± 0.041 (stat) ± 0.030 (syst) The null oscillation hypothesis is excluded at the 94.6% C.L. This result1 has been submitted to Physical Review Letters. As we continue to take data with the far detector in the coming year, in parallel with completing the construction of the near lab and installing the near detector, we expect the precision of our measurement to improve as we gather significantly more statistics, gain better control of backgrounds through use of partial power data and improved event selection, and better understand the detector energy scale and detection efficiency from calibration data. With both detectors taking data starting in the second half of 2013, we expect to further drive down the uncertainty on our measurement of sin2 (2 13) to less than 0.02. Stancu’s group is also collaborating on the MiniBooNE experiment. Data taking is scheduled to continue through April, by which time 1.18 × 1021 POT is projected. The UA group is playing a leading role in the measurement of antineutrino cross sections, which should be the subject of a publication later this year as well as of Ranjan Dharmapalan’s Ph.D. thesis, which he is expected to defend by the end of this year. It is time to begin working on projects which will eventually succeed Double Chooz and MiniBooNE as the main foci of our efforts. The Stancu group plans to become re–involved in LBNE and possibly also to join NO A, and the Busenitz group has begun to explore joining a direct dark matter search.

  12. Quarterly environmental data summary for fourth quarter 1997

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    The Quarterly Environmental Data Summary (QEDS) for the fourth quarter of 1997 is prepared in support of the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project Federal Facilities Agreement. The data presented constitute the QEDS. The data were received from the contract laboratories, verified by the Weldon Spring Site verification group and, except for air monitoring data and site KPA generated data (uranium analyses), merged into the data base during the fourth quarter of 1997. Air monitoring data presented are the most recent complete sets of quarterly data. Air data are not stored in the data base and KPA data are not merged into the regular data base. Significant data, defined as data values that have exceeded defined ``above normal`` level 2 values, are discussed in this letter for Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) generated data only. Above normal level 2 values are based, in ES and H procedures, on historical high values, DOE Derived Concentration Guides (DCGs), NPDES limits and other guidelines. The procedures also establish actions to be taken in response to such data. Data received and verified during the fourth quarter were within a permissible range of variability except for those which are detailed.

  13. Reproducibility of the School-Based Nutrition Monitoring Questionnaire among Fourth-Grade Students in Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penkilo, Monica; George, Goldy Chacko; Hoelscher, Deanna M.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To assess reproducibility of a School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) questionnaire for fourth-grade students. Design: Test-retest. Setting: Fourth-grade elementary school classrooms. Participants: Multiethnic fourth-grade students from 2 area school districts (N = 322). Main Outcome Measures: Reproducibility coefficients with time…

  14. 78 FR 29094 - Safety Zone; Coronado Fourth of July Fireworks, Glorietta Bay; Coronado, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-17

    ...zone for the Coronado Fourth of July Fireworks from...in support of Coronado Fourth of July Fireworks display...Homeland Security Management Directive 023-01 and Commandant...Safety Zone; Coronado Fourth Of July Fireworks, Glorietta...state, and federal law enforcement vessels...

  15. 77 FR 39413 - Safety Zone: Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event, Crescent City, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-03

    ...sponsor the Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event...for the Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks Event...either preempt State law or impose a substantial...Homeland Security Management Directive 023-01 and Commandant...zone; Crescent City Fourth of July Fireworks...

  16. 77 FR 16978 - Special Local Regulation; Macy's Fourth of July Fireworks Display Spectator Viewing Areas; Hudson...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ...NY for the Macy's Fourth of July Fireworks Display...sponsoring their annual Fourth of July Fireworks Display...inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical...Homeland Security Management Directive 023-01 and Commandant...35T01-0004 Macy's Fourth of July Fireworks...

  17. Second and Fourth Harmonic Frequencies in Electric Field-Induced Liquid Crystal Reorientations

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    that the second and fourth harmonic frequencies are generated depending on the biased voltage. Let us define d0Second and Fourth Harmonic Frequencies in Electric Field-Induced Liquid Crystal Reorientations of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA The second and fourth harmonics of low frequency electric field

  18. GPS Tracking Out of Fourth Amendment Dead Ends: United States v. Jones and the Katz Conundrum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arcila Fabio Jr

    2012-01-01

    United States v. Jones, which reviewed the Fourth Amendment constitutionality of warrantless GPS tracking, may be the most important Fourth Amendment opinion since the Supreme Court decided Katz v. United States over four decades ago. Though Katz has dominated Fourth Amendment jurisprudence, it introduced significant ambiguities, such as the conundrum concerning whether a privacy or property model is controlling. Jones

  19. Theory of neutrinos: a white paper

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohapatra, R. N.; Antusch, S.; Babu, K. S.; Barenboim, G.; Chen, M.-C.; de Gouvêa, A.; de Holanda, P.; Dutta, B.; Grossman, Y.; Joshipura, A.; Kayser, B.; Kersten, J.; Keum, Y. Y.; King, S. F.; Langacker, P.; Lindner, M.; Loinaz, W.; Masina, I.; Mocioiu, I.; Mohanty, S.; Murayama, H.; Pascoli, S.; Petcov, S. T.; Pilaftsis, A.; Ramond, P.; Ratz, M.; Rodejohann, W.; Shrock, R.; Takeuchi, T.; Underwood, T.; Wolfenstein, L.

    2007-11-01

    This paper is a review of the present status of neutrino mass physics, which grew out of an APS sponsored study of neutrinos in 2004. After a discussion of the present knowledge of neutrino masses and mixing and some popular ways to probe the new physics implied by recent data, it summarizes what can be learned about neutrino interactions as well as the nature of new physics beyond the Standard Model from the various proposed neutrino experiments. The intriguing possibility that neutrino mass physics may be at the heart of our understanding of a long standing puzzle of cosmology, i.e. the origin of matter-antimatter asymmetry is also discussed.

  20. Solar mass-varying neutrino oscillations

    E-print Network

    V. Barger; Patrick Huber; Danny Marfatia

    2005-09-30

    We propose that the solar neutrino deficit may be due to oscillations of mass-varying neutrinos (MaVaNs). This scenario elucidates solar neutrino data beautifully while remaining comfortably compatible with atmospheric neutrino and K2K data and with reactor antineutrino data at short and long baselines (from CHOOZ and KamLAND). We find that the survival probability of solar MaVaNs is independent of how the suppression of neutrino mass caused by the acceleron-matter couplings varies with density. Measurements of MeV and lower energy solar neutrinos will provide a rigorous test of the idea.