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1

Affordability Funding Models for Early Childhood Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a model of the approaches open to government to ensure that early childhood services are affordable to families. We derived the model from a comparative literature review of affordability approaches taken by government, both in Australia and internationally. The model adds significantly to the literature by proposing a means to…

Purcal, Christiane; Fisher, Karen

2006-01-01

2

Early Childhood Funding at the Community Level: A Case Study from Illinois  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Block Grant (ECBG) distributes state funding for preschool and birth-to-three programs in Illinois. The authors conducted a case study in Evanston, a city in north Cook County, Illinois, interviewing community representatives and analyzing ECBG program data to discern how ECBG funds are used to provide early childhood services.…

Lloyd, David; Joseph, Larry

2013-01-01

3

Investing in Early Childhood: Increasing Funding for Smart Start Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, Voices for America's Children member Kansas Action for Children, partnered with state and local organizations to increase funding for Smart Start Kansas, a successful early care and education program. Kansas Children's Campaign, an initiative of Kansas Action for Children, collaborated with a key state organization, legislators,…

Voices for America's Children, 2005

2005-01-01

4

A Design of an Appropriate Early Childhood Education Funding System in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the structural reform of local governments funding for early childhood education (ECE) as the general public still casts doubts about the fairness of ECE system in China. A particular case in point is the Shenzhen Municipal Government's reform on their ECE funding system. Because the reform efforts are more about restructuring…

Xiaodong, Zeng

2008-01-01

5

Social Harmony and Macroregulation of the Funding System of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's steadily progressing economic transformation, and against the background of setting up a harmonious society and striving for a balanced educational development, a reform of the financing system for China's early childhood education is inevitable. However, this reform must be conducted within the framework of social and educational…

Yingqi, Cai

2008-01-01

6

Reframing Early Childhood Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in Australian education have intensified the role of early childhood leaders and led to unprecedented challenges. The Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2011), mandated Australian "National Quality Framework" (NQF) for Early Childhood Education & Care (DEEWR, 2010b) and the "National Early Years Learning Framework" (EYLF) (DEEWR, 2009)…

Stamopoulos, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

7

Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In five sections, this paper explores dimensions of early childhood education: schooling generally construed as nonparental instruction in knowledge, values, and skills. Section 1 looks at some of the factors which have contributed to the rapid growth of early childhood education in modern times. Section 2 briefly highlights the contributions of…

Elkind, David

8

Early Childhood Trauma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood trauma generally refers to the traumatic experiences that occur to children aged 0-6. Because infants' and young children's reactions may be different from older children's, and because they may not be able to verbalize their reactions to threatening or dangerous events, many people assume that young age protects children from the…

National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 2010

2010-01-01

9

Early Childhood Education 193.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module adapts the content of an on-campus early childhood education program to a competency-based set of self-paced learning activities for use in largely self-directed, supervised instruction of student child caretakers employed at such settings as a day care center or Head Start agency. Addressed in the individual sections of the module are…

Polis, Gloria Owens

10

Ethnographic Knowledge for Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The policy brief "Ethnographic Knowledge for Early Childhood" details the contributions of current ethnographic research in the area of early childhood education. The brief's main purpose is to demonstrate how ethnography (as a methodology) helps us better understand the context of early childhood programs, the types of settings and resources…

Adair, Jennifer Keys

2010-01-01

11

Academisation of Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finnish early childhood education can be defined as practical educational activity, as a discipline, or as a field of science. This study focuses on the academic connections of early childhood education and concentrates on the identification of actors according to Bourdieu's field theory. The roots of academic early childhood education go back only a short way, to the 1970s. The

Sari Husa; Jarmo Kinos

2005-01-01

12

Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation  

E-print Network

Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation in Florida Final Summary of Survey, with the Program Office of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in Florida's Department of Children and Families (DCF). Background Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (ECMHC) is an effective prevention and early

McQuade, D. Tyler

13

An Approach to Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an early childhood program for 120 disadvantaged students, ages three to five, developed by the Green County of Eutaw, Alabama, funded under Title III, E.S.E.A., and based on a three component model: community, inservice, and instruction. (JM)

Gantt, Walter N.; Yawkey, Thomas D.

1973-01-01

14

Nebraska Early Childhood Policy Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the request of the State Board of Education, the Nebraska Department of Education (NDE) conducted an early childhood education policy study. The study provided an opportunity to listen to the thoughts, ideas and concerns of Nebraskans to help determine the direction of early childhood policy in the state. The policy study is an outgrowth of…

Nebraska Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

15

Teachers in Early Childhood Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines teacher accountability and authority in early childhood policy. It reports on data from a study that investigated the influences affecting early childhood teacher decision-making at the preschool level in Victoria, Australia. Using a question raised by Ball "Where are the teachers in all this [policy]?" provided a…

Kilderry, Anna

2014-01-01

16

Early Childhood Education in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the internal and external challenges confronting traditional early childhood education in China and describes three types of early childhood programs (nurseries, kindergartens, and preprimary programs) in China. Discusses topics of curriculum, physical environment, typical daily schedules, teaching methods, guidance and discipline, and…

Vaughan, JoAn

1993-01-01

17

Financing Early Childhood Education Programs: State, Federal, and Local Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The landscape of financing early childhood education in the U.S. is complex. Programs run the gamut from tuition-supported private centers to public programs supported by federal, state, or local funds. Different funding streams are poorly coordinated. The federal government funds several major targeted programs that are available only to specific…

Hustedt, Jason T.; Barnett, W. Steven

2011-01-01

18

Early Childhood Care and Education in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent years have seen a global endeavor to prioritize early childhood care and education as a foundation for later learning and development, as evidenced by the Global Guidelines for Early Childhood Education and Care in the 21st Century (Association for Childhood Education International/World Organization for Early Childhood, 1999). Such efforts…

Mbugua, Tata J.

2004-01-01

19

Teaching Mathematics in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children who learn math fundamentals in preschool and kindergarten have the best chance of later achievement in school--but too often, children don't get the effective early math instruction that makes all the difference. Now there's a core early childhood textbook that helps current and future educators teach the most critical math concepts to…

Moomaw, Sally

2011-01-01

20

Invest in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of American early education is one of changing roles and goals. As federal engagement in early childhood has shifted in response to social, political, and economic needs, few policy efforts have focused on long-term planning or coordination. The authors identify the appropriate roles of federal, state, and local governments and make 13…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn; Reid, Jeanne L.

2009-01-01

21

Intersections: Feminisms/Early Childhoods. Rethinking Childhood, Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through personal narrative and scholarly reflection, this book examines the foundations of early childhood education, contemporary curricular and pedagogical practice in early childhood education, and critical issues affecting the multiple worlds of childhood. Essays by individual contributors are linked by contributors' conversations. An…

Hauser, Mary E., Ed.; Jipson, Janice A., Ed.

22

Early childhood teachers' thoughts and practices about the use of computers in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to determine the thoughts and practices of early childhood teachers about the use of computers in early childhood education. The study has been carried out with 100 early childhood teachers who attended to a seminar about the early childhood education in Eski?ehir and Afyon. To collect data, a “General Information Form” was used to determine the

Özlem Yurt; Nilgün Cevher-Kalburan

2011-01-01

23

Boys' Bodies in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on qualitative research data from a project investigating early childhood boys' constructions of masculinities in relation to sport, health and the body. The focus group data, with 33 boys, has been collected in each of the boys' first three years at school. It is part of the data that will be collected over eight years with…

Drummond, Murray

2012-01-01

24

Early Childhood Education: Taking Stock.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that whereas British primary schools are admirable, provision of preschool education is uneven, this book examines the questionable changes brought on by recent government policies, and the consequences of those changes, enjoining policymakers to change their attitude toward early childhood education and improve the mesh between nursery and…

Gammage, Philip, Ed.; Meighan, Janet, Ed.

25

Films in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography provides descriptions of films concerning child development and various approaches to early childhood education. Some are for classroom use, and others are intended as guides and resource materials for teachers. Attachments give addresses and phone numbers of film distributors and addresses, managers and phone number of…

Cooke, Gary, Comp.

26

Early Childhood Education in Azerbaijan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Early Learning Childhood Center in Azerbaijan's capital city. Focuses on the goals of the program; its initial development; staff ratios, compensation, and teacher training; curriculum; cultural challenges and compromise; and relationships with parents. Asserts that developing a culturally sensitive program is extremely difficult,…

Starnes, Lisa

2000-01-01

27

Early Childhood Education. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter includes five articles on early childhood education and young children, with particular reference to poor and minority children. "Scientific Literacy Is Child's Play" (Hilaria Bauer) discusses the natural development of scientific literacy in young children through their construction of knowledge and play. "Children of America,…

IDRA Newsletter, 1996

1996-01-01

28

Dispersing Waves: Innovation in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education Centres of Innovation (COI) were established in 2002 as part of the 10-year plan for early childhood education, "Pathways to the Future/Nga Huarahi Arataki." In COI projects, innovative early childhood teaching teams reflect on and investigate their practices through action research, and share their findings with the…

Meade, Anne, Ed.

2010-01-01

29

DEFINING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION THROUGH SYSTEMS THEORY  

Microsoft Academic Search

We researchers say that we study early childhood education. What do we actually study? Hereby I now focus on the concept of early childhood education. Concept analysis produces new information on the phenomenon that we the researchers of early childhood education and lecturers love so much. But what do we actually love? In this article I will analyze the concept

Ulla Härkönen

30

Early Childhood Education 295. Special Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, part of a series of early childhood education instructional materials, is intended to assist teachers in adapting an on-campus early childhood education program for use by students desiring self-paced instruction in early childhood education. The course consists of individualized study of a topic chosen by the student or approved work…

Polis, Gloria Owens

31

Early Childhood Education: The Case of Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now widely recognized that early childhood education has paramount significance for the well-being of societies. In this study, the current situation of early childhood education in Turkey is discussed mainly in terms of its perception by the government, the school enrollment rate and the quality of early childhood education programs. The…

Usakli, Hakan

2010-01-01

32

Early Childhood Education: A Workbook for Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business management theory and principles as applied to the administration of early childhood programs are presented in this workbook. Following a brief survey of the historical background of early childhood education and current early childhood programs, information and guidance to help plan, operate, and evaluate program facilities are provided.…

Hewes, Dorothy; Hartman, Barbara

33

Language, Literacy and Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Language, Literacy and Early Childhood Education" is a comprehensive textbook for all students studying literacy and language subjects in early childhood education and primary degrees. Covering an age range from 0 to 8 years the book encompasses the four main early childhood contexts of: the family and community; childcare; the pre-school years,…

Fellowes, Janet; Oakley, Grace

2011-01-01

34

Evolving Issues in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes issues in early childhood education that were most pressing 5, 10, 15, and 20 years ago, indicates whether these have been resolved, and outlines issues now considered urgent. In 1967, the most salient issues were the following: How important is early childhood for education? When should early education begin? Can early

Clarke-Stewart, K. Alison

35

International Handbook of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two introductory essays in this handbook presents a historical perspective on international early childhood education; the second provides a cross-national analysis of themes in late 20th century child care and early education. The bulk of the document consists of essays that review early childhood, preschool, primary, or elementary…

Woodill, Gary A., Ed.; And Others

36

Early Childhood Development Policy Advances in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of the history and development of early childhood development in Uganda is paramount if we are to know how far we have come and where we are going. This article explores the introduction of early childhood development in Ugandan policy and government interventions from 1960 to 2011. Data was obtained from a review of available early

Ejuu, Godfrey

2012-01-01

37

Narrative Identity and Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intensification of interest in early childhood by government, parents, and employers, focuses primarily on the provision of private early childhood education services outside of the home. With a focus on New Zealand, the paper argues that the form of early education now promoted is a particular form of care and education that moves children…

Farquhar, Sandy

2012-01-01

38

Project ASCENT: Mainstreaming Gifted and Talented in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual describes Project ASCENT, a North Carolina project to provide support services to help early childhood teachers provide a differentiated curriculum for identified gifted children in the regular class. The chapter on program implementation considers such aspects as project goals, staff, funding, schools involved, the duties of the…

Ritchie, Shirley, Ed.

39

Programs That Work: Early Childhood Education Plan Continuing Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly described are 15 projects originally funded by the State of Maine as early childhood education plans, subsequently evaluated as successful and instituted by local units as part of a regular school program. After each program description, the names, telephone numbers, and addresses of contact persons are provided. (RH)

Deusen-Henkel, Jenifer Van

40

Strategic Financing: Making the Most of the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As states build comprehensive early childhood systems, policy leaders will need to be attentive to the funding streams available to communities to achieve desired returns. Most public funding for early care and education, as well as for other health and social services for young children and their families is categorical. Categorical funding

Hayes, Cheryl D.; Flynn, Margaret J.; Stebbins, Helene

2004-01-01

41

Unified Early Childhood and Early Childhood Special Education Teacher Certification: State Approaches. inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to data collected by the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (NECTAC), states are increasingly offering what they describe as a "single certificate" for early childhood and early childhood special education (i.e., certification that covers children both with and without disabilities). This document describes states'…

Muller, Eve

2006-01-01

42

Early Childhood Education: A Workbook for Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text-workbook is designed to present management theories and principles as they apply to the administration of early childhood programs, and serve as a resource and discussion guide applicable to a wide range of child care situations. Following a brief historical consideration of early childhood education in the United States, information to…

Hewes, Dorothy; Hartman, Barbara

43

Early Childhood Training Workbook [and Videos].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This early childhood training workbook and three accompanying video series provide instruction for early childhood caregivers and teachers in the areas of guidance and discipline, math, and diversity. The video series "Guidance and Discipline" demonstrates the ways in which teachers help children become self disciplined. The three videos in this…

Magna Systems, Inc., Barrington, IL.

44

Early Childhood Education: History, Theory, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book, the author covers the history, theory, and practices that influence early childhood education along with an emphasis on infant and toddler care and education. He also presents a comparison of the conflict between education planners who support early childhood studies and state school systems whose cost-saving measures are dismantling…

Morgan, Harry

2006-01-01

45

Men in Early Childhood: An Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the last 25 years, the shortage of men teachers in early childhood and elementary education hasn't changed much nor have the reasons why men don't teach. Although the number of men teaching in the field of early childhood education is decreasing, the number of organizations, programs, schools, and universities welcoming men as teachers is now…

Nelson, Bryan G.; Carlson, Frances M.; West, Rodney, Sr.

2006-01-01

46

The Importance of Quality Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education can level the academic playing field for Latino children entering school by supporting what parents are doing at home to teach their children the skills necessary to succeed. Yet, only 20% of Latino children under the age of 5 are enrolled in preschool. Many Latinos don't understand why early childhood education is…

Rivera, Miquela

2008-01-01

47

Who Influences Policy in Early Childhood Services?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This edition of the journal explores some of the ideas about policy?making in early childhood services. In this introductory article I review ideas about policy?making processes and policy agendas and what processes shape them, with particular reference to the relationship between research and policies on early childhood services. I write as a researcher working within a child development framework, and

Helen Penn

1996-01-01

48

Critical Issues in Early Childhood Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching leads to positive student outcomes, and professional development for early childhood teachers is key to improving both. But what exactly is meant by "professional development"? What effect does it have on school readiness? Which models and approaches really work? This is the book the early childhood field needs to take the…

Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.

2005-01-01

49

Early Childhood Science Education: A Piagetian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overviews characteristics of preoperational thought, summarizes Piaget's theory of the peroperational child's view of reality, explores implications of the preoperational stage of development for early childhood science education, and provides general guidelines for an early childhood science curriculum. (Author/RH)

Smith, Robert F.

1981-01-01

50

NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION  

E-print Network

NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION A COMMUNITY OF LEARNERS STUDENT HANDBOOK in the elementary and early childhood program. Staff of the Office of Clinical Experiences Assistant Clinical, faculty Moraine Junior College, has B. A. in Social Sciences from Saint Mary's College, Notre Dame

Karonis, Nicholas T.

51

Memory for Traumatic Experiences in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traumatic experiences in early childhood raise important questions about memory development in general and about the durability and accessibility of memories for traumatic events in particular. We discuss memory for early childhood traumatic events, from a developmental perspective, focusing on those factors that may equally influence memories for…

Cordon, Ingrid M.; Pipe, Margaret-Ellen; Sayfan, Liat; Melinder, Annika; Goodman, Gail S.

2004-01-01

52

Navigating the State Early Childhood Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are four main avenues by which state policy decisions are made: legislation, executive order, administrative rules, and agency budgets. Each process offers many access points for early childhood practitioners and researchers to influence important decisions in the state. The authors provide seven tips for early childhood professionals to…

Lovejoy, Anna; Clothier, Steffanie

2006-01-01

53

Critical Issues in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines critical issues in early childhood education across a broad range of contexts. The issues explored are not only critical in terms of being fundamental to early childhood education but they are also critical in that they present ideas and utilize frameworks which are not traditional to the field. The topics under review include…

Yelland, Nicola, Ed.

2005-01-01

54

Views: An Early Childhood Special Education Newsletter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues (1980/81) of Views, an early childhood special education newsletter published by Project Sunrise Outreach in Montana, are collected in the document. Each issue contains one or two feature articles, and sections on early childhood programs, news from the states (Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho), comments from colleagues, research summaries,…

Walker, Kay, Ed.; And Others

1981-01-01

55

Accessible Family Involvement in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family involvement in early childhood classrooms benefits children, school staff, and families. The development of a strong relationship between early childhood programs and families is a critical component of developmentally appropriate practices. What strategies enable families to be full and active participants in their young children's…

Morrison, Johnetta W.; Storey, Pamela; Zhang, Chenyi

2011-01-01

56

The Economics of Early Childhood Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What, pray tell, might the so-called "dismal science" of economics have to say about public investment in early childhood programs? Quite a bit, as it turns out. This report from the RAND Corporation takes an economic perspective on such investments, and its intent is to provide policymakers with a primer about "how economic analysis can help set agendas for early childhood policy and identify the economics benefits of targeting certain groups for help." Released in May 2008, the 48-page report draws on concepts including human capital theory and monetary "payoffs" from investments in early childhood programs. The report is divided into four chapters, including "Human Capital Theory" and "Implications for Early Childhood Policy". It's quite a compelling read, and it will be of interest to a broad range of persons working in fields such as early childhood development, economics, and public policy.

2008-01-01

57

Early Childhood Matters: The Bulletin of the Bernard van Leer Foundation, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the three 2000 issues of The Bernard van Leer Foundation's "Early Childhood Matters." This periodical, addressed to practitioners in the field of early childhood education, evolved from an in-house publication directed to projects funded by the Bernard van Leer Foundation. Articles in the February 2000 edition include:…

Smale, Jim, Ed.

2000-01-01

58

Early Childhood Technology Integrated Instructional System (EC-TIIS): Phase 3. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Technology Integrated Instructional System 3 (EC-TIIS 3), housed in the Center for Best Practices in Early Childhood (the Center) within the College of Education and Human Services at Western Illinois University (WIU), was funded in 2004 by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) as a…

Robinson, Linda; Schneider, Carol; Daytner, Gary; Johanson, Joyce; Hutinger, Patricia

2009-01-01

59

Managing Asthma in the Early Childhood Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asthma, one of the most common chronic disorders in childhood, affects more than seven million children in the United States, and is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children. Statistics like these make planning and preparing for asthma in the early childhood setting a high priority. With the high rates of asthma in the U.S. today,…

Graville, Iris

2011-01-01

60

Early childhood caries screening tools  

PubMed Central

Background Early childhood caries (ECC) is prevalent and consequential. Risk assessment tools have been proposed that can be used to identify children who require intensive interventions. In this study, the authors compare four approaches for identifying children needing early and intensive intervention to prevent or minimize caries experience for their accuracy and clinical usefulness. Methods The authors screened 229 predominantly low-income Hispanic children younger than 3 years with ECC and 242 without ECC by using the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry’s Caries-risk Assessment Tool (CAT) and the optional screening measure of culturing Streptococcus mutans. The authors compared four approaches (CAT, CAT minus socioeconomic status, CAT minus socioeconomic status plus mutans streptococci [MS] and MS alone) for accuracy and clinical usefulness. Results The results of the CAT demonstrated high sensitivity (100.0 percent) and negative predictive value (NPV) (100.0 percent) but low specificity (2.9 percent) and positive predictive value (PPV) (49.4 percent). The MS culture alone had the highest combination of accuracy and clinical usefulness (sensitivity, 86.5 percent; specificity, 93.4 percent; PPV, 92.5 percent; NPV, 87.9 percent). When we removed the socioeconomic status element, the CAT’s performance improved. Conclusions Salivary culture of MS alone in a population of young, low-income Hispanic children outperformed the CAT and variations on the CAT for test accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) and clinical usefulness (predictive values). Clinical Implications Screening for ECC by using salivary MS cultures and variations on the CAT are promising approaches for identifying children who need early and intensive intervention to prevent or minimize caries experience. PMID:22751977

Yoon, Richard K.; Smaldone, Arlene M.; Edelstein, Burton L.

2013-01-01

61

Eco-Early Childhood Education: A New Paradigm of Early Childhood Education in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1990s, university faculty members, early childhood educators, and preschool teachers in South Korea created a new paradigm for education. Eco-early childhood education uses an ecological point of view to reform existing child-centered education. This perspective proposes moving from child- to life-centered, individual- to…

Kim, Eunju; Lim, Jaetack

2007-01-01

62

Contemporary Perspectives on Early Childhood Curriculum. Contemporary Perspectives in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the curriculum in early childhood education is dramatically different from that at other levels of education, this volume seeks to clarify some of the issues related to early childhood curriculum development and its bases in both personal knowledge and knowledge from the different disciplines to achieve a "balanced curriculum."…

Saracho, Olivia N. Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

63

Physical Science in Constructivist Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at the Freeburg Early Childhood Program know that experimentation with physical science is of great interest to young children, and can begin as early as the age of 3. The constructivist teachers at this experimental school at the University of Northern Iowa worked for six years to develop a center-based approach to physical science with…

Kato, Tsuguhiko; Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra

2008-01-01

64

Early Childhood Creative Library. Interim Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist the early development of children in a poorly educated, rural four-county area of North Carolina, the Early Childhood Library Project trained parents and babysitters to teach preschool children by using educational games and materials supplied by the library. Equipment was purchased and made available to the community, story hours were…

East, Barbara

65

Early Childhood in Ethiopia: Initiatives in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article informs readers about early childhood in one of the poorest nations in the world--Ethiopia. Within the context of ecological systems theory, it emphasizes the characteristics of early education programs such as pre-school and basic (primary) education, and creates connections with families' views about education. The article concludes…

Szente, Judit; Hoot, James; Tadesse, Selamawit

2007-01-01

66

The Importance of Early Childhood Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most poor children achieve less, exhibit more problem behaviors and are less healthy than children reared in more affluent\\u000a families. We look beyond correlations such as these to a recent set of studies that attempt to assess the causal impact of\\u000a childhood poverty on adult well-being. We pay particular attention to the potentially harmful effects of poverty early in\\u000a childhood

Greg J. Duncan; Katherine Magnuson; Ariel Kalil; Kathleen Ziol-Guest

2012-01-01

67

Preservice Teachers' Beliefs about Childhood: Challenges for a Participatory Early Childhood Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines preservice teachers' beliefs about childhood in an attempt to see how they may support an active, participatory role for children in early childhood education (ECE). Three hundred sixteen early childhood preservice teachers described childhood characteristics and children's ability for decision-making in a written…

Avgitidou, Sofia; Pnevmatikos, Dimitris; Likomitrou, Sonia

2013-01-01

68

Early Childhood Review: Papers from GAEC, 1996-1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This periodical, from Goldsmiths Association for Early Childhood (GAEC), addresses a variety of issues related to early childhood education in Great Britain. Articles included in the Spring 1996 issue are: (1) "Traditional Story Telling in the Early Years" (Fiona Collins); (2) "International Focus--Early Childhood Education Programme: An Approach…

Cartwright, Penny, Ed.; Kelly, Clare, Ed.; McLean, Kathy, Ed.; Mellor, Nikki, Ed.; Pidgeon, Sue, Ed.; Stevens, Judith, Ed.; Stables, Kay, Ed.

1996-01-01

69

Early Childhood Special Education and Early Intervention Personnel Preparation Standards of the Division for Early Childhood: Field Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the field validation survey of the revised initial and new advanced Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Division for Early Childhood (DEC) early childhood special education (ECSE)/early intervention (EI) personnel standards are presented. Personnel standards are used as part of educational accountability systems and in teacher…

Cochran, Deborah C.; Gallagher, Peggy A.; Stayton, Vicki D.; Dinnebeil, Laurie A.; Lifter, Karin; Chandler, Lynette K.; Christensen, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

70

The Need for the Quality Improvement Center on Early Childhood: Background Research and Evaluation Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In FY 2009, the Children's Bureau funded the Center for the Study of Social Policy, in partnership with ZERO TO THREE: National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families, and the National Alliance of Children's Trust and Prevention Funds, to create a National Quality Improvement Center on Early Childhood (QIC-EC) focused on child maltreatment…

Center for the Study of Social Policy, 2009

2009-01-01

71

An Early Childhood Program Matrix: Pulling the Pieces Together for Illinois  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early childhood program matrix in this article delineates the various requirements of nine publicly funded programs in Illinois that provide services to young children and families. The first section of the matrix addresses the design of each program and logistics, such as funding, payment, eligibility, and amount of services. The second…

Beneke, Sallee; Ruther, Gina; Fowler, Susan

2009-01-01

72

Preparing Early Childhood Special Educators for Inclusive Settings Project (Project Prepare) Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report of Project Prepare, a federally funded program at the University of Tennessee, describes the critical features and specific goals of the project, as well as program evaluation methods and results. The program was funded to develop a personnel preparation program for early childhood specialists that emphasized an…

Judge, Sharon

73

New Wine in Old Bottles: Increasing the Coherence of Early Childhood Care and Education Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes public interest in early childhood care and education (ECCE) policy. Chronicles federal policy in this area from the mid-1960s to the present, with particular attention to changes in the amount of funding and its allocation. Argues that ECCE policy is inadequately funded, fragmented, and internally inconsistent, and provides alternative…

Barnett, W. Steven

1993-01-01

74

Indicators of Access to Early Childhood Services in the Mississippi Delta. Rural Early Childhood Report No. 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Atlas facilitates spatial analysis in early childhood services research for the promotion of greater quality and accessibility of early care and education. The Atlas team collects and geocodes federal, state and nongovernmental datasets about early childhood services, integrating selected data elements into its online mapmaking…

Shores, Elizabeth F.; Barbaro, Erin; Barbaro, Michael C.; Flenner, Michelle; Bell, Lynn

2007-01-01

75

Inclusive Discourses in Early Childhood Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the discursive formation of inclusion in early childhood education and after-school (recreation) centres in a Danish municipality. While inclusion has been a central educational issue in research and practice for well over quarter of a century, with continuing emphasis worldwide on "initiatives by governments", this interest…

Warming, Hanne

2011-01-01

76

Where We Stand: Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document details the position of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) regarding universal access to early childhood education as represented in a resolution of the AFT convention in 2003. The document points out that the lack of access to high-quality preschool programs is a major problem affecting nearly every working family, and as the…

American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.

77

Early Childhood Education: The Way Forward.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on experiences in North America, the United Kingdom, and other countries, this book examines the debate over the overall vision for early childhood education. The nature and quality of the United Kingdom's and other countries' culture is questioned in respect to the future it provides for children. The question of who is able to provide a…

Gammage, Philip, Ed.; Meighan, Janet, Ed.

78

Identifying Dilemmas for Early Childhood Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines situation-based learning as used within the Bachelor of Teaching (Early Childhood) program at the University of Western Sydney, Australia, and the processes of reflection and evaluation that accompany it, and discusses how issues identified by educators are incorporated as subjects into packages for students' study and…

Dockett, Sue; Tegel, Kim

79

Adaptation and Agency in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article condenses the milestones of a long project. The ambition of the project has been to seek a balanced view of early childhood education, where both the adaptive and agentive nature of action is considered. A model based on the relationships between perception and environmental change serves as the project's theoretical foundation. The…

Reunamo, Jyrki

2007-01-01

80

Transforming Early Childhood Education through Critical Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is tension growing in early childhood education between an emphasis on higher learning standards, teacher-directed activities, and evidence-based instructional methods and maintaining active, dynamic and integrated learning experiences for young children. This short essay highlights the ways in which our existing values and beliefs,…

Anderson, Elizabeth M.

2014-01-01

81

Early Childhood Programs: Multiple Perspectives on Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four approaches to assessing the quality of early childhood program: top-down, which focuses on the adult's view of setting, equipment, and the program; bottom-up, focusing on children's experience; outside-inside, emphasizing the family's view; and societal, in which agencies and communities assess programs. (LB)

Katz, Lilian G.

1992-01-01

82

A Universal Early Childhood Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author demonstrates how the current emphasis on viewing early childhood education (ECE) as an investment keeps ECE at the margins of U.S. political debates as well as in other discussions around the world. Historically, the field of ECE in the United States has struggled, and continues to struggle, for political positioning.…

Brown, Christopher P.

2006-01-01

83

Foucault and the Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foucault's notion of "regimes of truth" (MacNaughton 2005, 30) provides an understanding of how some discourses operate and network together to reinforce a particular powerful view of the world. These can be in oral or written forms. Early childhood education practices are drawn on the discourse of a document developed by the National Association…

Cohen, Lynn E.

2008-01-01

84

An Early Childhood Movement Laboratory Model: Kindergym  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood motor activity programs at institutions of higher learning can operate within the tripartite mission of the university while serving a vital function in providing leadership and guidance to educators. This article describes the University of Northern Iowa's Kindergym model. Within this model, curricular areas of games/sports,…

Marston, Rip

2004-01-01

85

Early Childhood Technology Education: A Sociocultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We are living in a fast-changing, technology-driven world, where technology affects the daily lives of every person, directly or indirectly. While the importance of providing young children with technological knowledge and experience has been well-recognized, how the curriculum should be developed deserves greater study. Using early childhood

Siu, Kin Wai Michael; Lam, Mei Seung

2005-01-01

86

Lifting the Lid on Early Childhood Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet offers practical, up-to-date information on early childhood literacy for those who interact with young children. Topics addressed by the booklet include: (1) supportive learning environments; (2) learning to talk; (3) optimizing learning; (4) supporting the literacy development of young children; and (5) fundamental principles for…

Lowe, Kaye

2000-01-01

87

Challenges Facing Early Childhood Programs Worldwide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents the challenges faced by early childhood education in 29 countries, according to the World Forum National Representatives and Global Leaders for Young Children. The countries represented in these responses include: Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Japan,…

Neugebauer, Roger

2008-01-01

88

Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Home Visiting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review provides an overview of an important aspect of early childhood home visiting research: understanding how parents are involved in program services and activities. Involvement is defined as the process of the parent connecting with and using the services of a program to the best of the client's and the program's ability. The term…

Korfmacher, Jon; Green, Beth; Staerkel, Fredi; Peterson, Carla; Cook, Gina; Roggman, Lori; Faldowski, Richard A.; Schiffman, Rachel

2008-01-01

89

Early Childhood Inclusion: Focus on Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood inclusion is a field characterized by a philosophy and practice that encourages full participation of children with disabilities and their families in everyday activities with their typically developing peers. Noting that success in inclusion endeavors requires substantial changes in the way our society thinks, feels, and acts,…

Guralnick, Michael J., Ed.

90

Early Childhood Trends around the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares the views of the members of the World Forum community regarding early childhood education trends around the world. It summarizes trends from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Denmark, The Netherlands, Italy, Turkey, Nepal, Vietnam, Tajikistan, Hong Kong, Singapore, India, New Zealand, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt,…

Neugebauer, Roger

2007-01-01

91

Assessing Vocabulary Learning in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is widespread agreement with in the field of early childhood education that vocabulary is important to literacy achievement and that reading aloud can support vocabulary growth. However, there are unexplored and significant problems with the ways we assess young children's vocabulary learning from read-alouds. This paper critically…

Hoffman, Jessica L.; Teale, William H.; Paciga, Kathleen A.

2014-01-01

92

Froebel and Early Childhood Education in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of a special type of education for young children emerged in the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, with the kindergarten movement. The kindergarten was created by Friedrich Froebel, the German educator whose ideas, although no longer popular, can be traced to contemporary early childhood education. Froebel explicitly rejected…

Sniegoski, Stephen J.

93

Early Childhood Poverty: A Statistical Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that young children in poverty face a greater likelihood of impaired development because of their increased exposure to a number of risk factors associated with poverty, this report presents statistical information on the incidence of poverty during early childhood. The report notes that the poverty rate for U.S. children under age 3…

Song, Younghwan; Lu, Hsien-Hen

94

Early Childhood Update, 1996-1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the four issues of a newsletter published during 1996-1998. This newsletter provides a periodic update on the activities of the Early Childhood Research Working Group (ECRWG), organized in 1995 by the U.S. Department of Education and other federal government departments and agencies to promote interagency cooperation and…

Fromboluti, Carol Sue, Ed.

1998-01-01

95

Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

Kalinowski, Michael

2010-01-01

96

In Early Childhood: What's Language about?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that in daycare centres in France, where children are cared for from four months to age three, the competence of female staff members is usually denied and unvalued vis a vis the expert opinions. The paper highlights empirical research on early childhood and gender, providing pragmatic access to children's languages of desire, a…

Mozere, Liane

2007-01-01

97

"Queerying" Gender: Heteronormativity in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores heteronormativity and argues for the "queerying" of gender in early childhood education. The author argues, utilising Butler's theory of performativity and heterosexual matrix, that the construction of gender in young children's lives requires an analysis of the normalising practices in which gendered identities are…

Robinson, Kerry H.

2005-01-01

98

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Technology Associate of Applied Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Technology ­ Associate of Applied Science [RE-AAS-ECET] Regional Enrollment based on placement test; students preparing for the BSE in Early Childhood Education must earn 14001; students preparing for the BSE in Early Childhood Education must earn a minimum C grade 0

Sheridan, Scott

99

Early Childhood Education: A Study of Twenty-Seven States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptions of 27 state early childhood education programs are presented in this survey conducted to provide information on which to base program development decisions related to early childhood education in West Virginia. The study surveyed the following areas in each state: definition of early childhood education; administrating agency; laws,…

Benish, Jean, Comp.

100

Male Early Childhood Montessori Teachers: Why They Chose To Teach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Male teachers comprise only 12 percent of the teachers in early childhood programs, in comparison to 30 percent of the total teaching workforce. This paper reviews literature on male early childhood teachers and explores the reasons given by four men for deciding to be Montessori early childhood teachers. The paper then considers reasons for the…

Santiago, Anthony

101

Aboriginal Early Childhood Education in Canada: Issues of Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Herein we provide a literature synthesis pertaining to the state of Aboriginal early childhood education in Canada. We identify key features of quality Aboriginal early childhood programs. The background and significance of early childhood education for Aboriginal peoples is explicated. Cultural compatibility theory is employed as the…

Preston, Jane P.; Cottrell, Michael; Pelletier, Terrance R.; Pearce, Joseph V.

2012-01-01

102

Resistance, Reproduction, Both, or Neither: Exploring the Influence of Early Childhood Professional Development Specialists on the Field of Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the findings from a qualitative study that explored the ways individuals who work with early childhood education (ECE) practitioners in professional development settings influenced those practitioners' understandings of early childhood policy and early childhood systems. Defined as individuals who work in the professional…

Gomez, Rebecca E.

2012-01-01

103

"Learning Stories"--Crossing Borders: Introducing Qualitative Early Childhood Observation Techniques to Early Childhood Practitioners in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education has become a focus of government policy across the world. Part of the present increased interest in early childhood education has been a focus on curriculum frameworks and socio/cultural methods of assessment. Currently, New Zealand has emerged as a world leader in early childhood education, and observation and assessment…

Nyland, Berenice; Alfayez, Shatha

2012-01-01

104

Early Childhood Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education in Turkey within the Scope of the Developmental System Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to provide an overview of early childhood intervention and early childhood special education (ECI/ECSE) services and practices in Turkey by using the Developmental System Approach (M. J. Guralnick, 2001). After pointing out the history of early childhood and ECI/ECSE services and current legislations with regard to…

Diken, Ibrahim H.; Bayhan, Pinar; Turan, Figen; Sipal, R. Firat; Sucuoglu, Bulbin; Ceber-Bakkaloglu, Hatice; Gunel, Mintaze Kerem; Kara, Ozgun Kaya

2012-01-01

105

Being, Belonging and Becoming: Some Worldviews of Early Childhood in Contemporary Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the last part of the 20th century, early years provision has seen a steady increase with more governments developing policies and allocating funds for the out-of-home care and education of young children. The expansion of early childhood provision and the economic investment made for such provision has gradually led to the introduction of…

Papatheodorou, Theodora

2010-01-01

106

Jordan's Strategies for Early Childhood Education in a Lifelong Learning Framework. UNESCO Policy Brief on Early Childhood. Number 39, July-August 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jordan has been paying increased attention to early childhood education in recent years. In particular, the government allocated unprecedented resources to the sector through its Education Reform for the Knowledge Economy (ERfKE) 2003/08. Funded by the World Bank and other donor agencies, ERfKE is designed to revamp the education sector starting…

Kaga, Yoshie

2007-01-01

107

Making "Place" for Ecological Sustainability in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culturally, childhood is often understood as a time of innocence which can mean that issues such as ecological sustainability are considered too problematic for early childhood practice. By drawing on findings from a research project that focused on issues of ecological sustainability in early childhood centres in New Zealand from Western and…

Duhn, Iris

2012-01-01

108

Handbook of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensive and authoritative, this forward-thinking book reviews the breadth of current knowledge about early education and identifies important priorities for practice and policy. Robert C. Pianta and his associates bring together foremost experts to examine what works in promoting all children's school readiness and social-emotional…

Pianta, Robert C., Ed.

2012-01-01

109

Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A significant amount of intellectual hand wringing has gone on as of late regarding the nature and importance of early childhood intervention programs. Some have claimed that such programs (including Head Start) are inherently a waste of money, while others tout their apparent ability to increase future educational and life opportunities, particularly for the under-privileged. This intriguing research report from the RAND Corporation, authored by Rebecca Kilburn and Jill Cannon, provides compelling evidence suggesting that well-designed programs for disadvantaged children age four and younger can produce economic benefits that are quite significant. The report contends that high quality early childhood programs can "keep children out of expensive special education programs; increase high school graduation rates; reduce juvenile crime, and increase the number of students who go on to college." Stimulating in its approach and its scholarly rigor, this report will be quite useful and helpful to persons interested in such policy issues.

Cannon, Jill S.; Karoly, Lynn A., 1961-; Kilburn, M. R.

2005-01-01

110

Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Home Visiting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review provides an overview of an important aspect of early childhood home visiting research: understanding how parents\\u000a are involved in program services and activities. Involvement is defined as the process of the parent connecting with and using\\u000a the services of a program to the best of the client’s and the program’s ability. The term includes two broad dimensions: participation,

Jon Korfmacher; Beth Green; Fredi Staerkel; Carla Peterson; Gina Cook; Lori Roggman; Richard A. Faldowski; Rachel Schiffman

2008-01-01

111

Implementing early childhood inclusion: Barrier and support factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the underlying factor structure of a rating scale designed to assess perceived barriers and supports associated with early childhood inclusion. Participants were 201 administrators and direct service providers from the early intervention, early childhood, and special education fields and 287 parents (primarily mothers) of young children with disabilities (birth through 5 years) who received early intervention services.

Virginia Buysse; Patricia W. Wesley; Lynette Keyes

1998-01-01

112

Early Childhood Interventions and Outcomes (summarised in CASEreport 5, \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in brain research have provided new evidence that early experience matters and have greatly increased interest in the effects of early childhood interventions on outcomes for children. This paper reviews what is now known about the potential benefits and potential ill effects of early childhood interventions, with particular attention to evidence from the Rand study of early interventions,

Jane Waldfogel

1999-01-01

113

Overview of Play: Its Uses and Importance in Early Intervention/Early Childhood Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Play is a natural activity of early childhood, which has great relevance to the fields of early intervention, early childhood special education, and early childhood education. Within these fields, ongoing tensions persist in how play is described and used. These tensions compromise activities of assessment, intervention, and curriculum development…

Lifter, Karin; Foster-Sanda, Suzanne; Arzamarski, Caley; Briesch, Jacquelyn; McClure, Ellen

2011-01-01

114

Designing a science methods course for early childhood preservice teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preparing early childhood (K-3) teachers to teach science presents special challenges for the science methods instructor.\\u000a Early childhood preservice teachers typically come to the methods classroom with little science content knowledge; they also\\u000a lack confidence in their own abilities to teach science. This paper presents a theoretical background, reflections of a methods\\u000a instructor, and recommendations for teaching an early childhood

Valarie L. Akerson

2004-01-01

115

Transitions for Young Children: Creating Connections across Early Childhood Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smooth early childhood transitions are key to ensuring positive outcomes for young children the world over--but in today's fragmented early education systems, it's difficult to ensure continuity among programs and services. Early childhood professionals will help change that with this book, the first to propose a comprehensive, practical framework…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn, Ed.; Tarrant, Kate, Ed.

2010-01-01

116

Conceptions of play in the history of early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine some of the original reasons for the introduction of play as an important component of the early childhood curriculum. The paper focuses on the late nineteenth and early twentieth century debates among educators and other professionals who were modifying kindergarten and early childhood curriculum theory and practice. This period was selected because

Marianne N. Bloch; Sukyeong Choi

1990-01-01

117

Test Review: C. K. Conners. Conners Early Childhood Manual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the Conners Early Childhood (Conners EC; Conners, 2009), a behavior and development rating scale intended to assess children in early childhood, specifically defined as ages 2 to 6 years. Using multiple informants across multiple settings, the Conners EC is administered for the purpose of early identification of disorders or…

Wiley, Colby P.; Wedeking, Travis; Galindo, Addy M.

2013-01-01

118

Preschool Is School, Sometimes: Making Early Childhood Education Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, providsion of early learning experiences to children has found a place on political agendas nationwide. Increasingly, early childhood education is viewed as a point of leverage for addressing low levels of, and gaps in, K-12 achievement. This article discusses what people know about the quality of existing early-childhood

Pianta, Robert C.

2007-01-01

119

Early Childhood Presentation of Czech Dysplasia  

PubMed Central

Czech dysplasia, metatarsal type is an autosomal dominant skeletal disorder that is characterized by early-onset, progressive arthritis, brachydactyly of the 3rd and 4th toes, and characteristic radiographic findings in patients of normal stature. Patients with Czech dysplasia typically present in late childhood or later. In the present report, whole exome sequencing identified a mutation in COL2A1 (c.823C>T, p.R275C) known to be associated with Czech dysplasia in a 3.5 year old female who had a family history of early-onset arthritis and who was asymptomatic except for prominent knees. The use of whole exome sequencing facilitated diagnosis of this rare disease (less than 15 families in the literature) in the presymptomatic period and thus enabled us to provide early anticipatory guidance and genetic counseling for the family. PMID:23448908

Burrage, Lindsay C.; Lu, James T.; Liu, David S.; Moss, Timothy J.; Gibbs, Richard; Schlesinger, Alan E.; Bacino, Carlos A.; Campeau, Philippe M.; Lee, Brendan H.

2013-01-01

120

Professional Development to Support Parent Engagement: A Case Study of Early Childhood Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: This qualitative case study describes early childhood practitioners' (ECPs) perspectives on their professional development as part of a large federally funded school readiness intervention project as they experienced the processes of professional growth and change in learning skills related to promoting parental engagement in children's learning and development. A total of 28 ECPs participated in this study over

Jill R. Brown; Lisa L. Knoche; Carolyn P. Edwards; Susan M. Sheridan

2009-01-01

121

Evaluating the Adequacy of Social-Emotional Measures in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technical adequacy and usability are important considerations in selecting early childhood social-emotional (SE) screening and assessment measures. As identification of difficulties can be tied to programming, intervention, accountability, and funding, it is imperative that practitioners and decision makers select appropriate and quality measures…

Gokiert, Rebecca J.; Georgis, Rebecca; Tremblay, Melissa; Krishnan, Vijaya; Vandenberghe, Christine; Lee, Clara

2014-01-01

122

Frameworks for Change: Four Recurrent Themes for Quality in Early Childhood Curriculum Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the first phase of a case study that investigated how early childhood teachers experience organisational change. As one of three levels of quality improvement, State government-funded curriculum initiatives were developed with an aim to promote change. Three curriculum documents, one each focusing on literacy, pedagogy and…

Burgess, Jennifer; Fleet, Alma

2009-01-01

123

Early childhood investments substantially boost adult health.  

PubMed

High-quality early childhood programs have been shown to have substantial benefits in reducing crime, raising earnings, and promoting education. Much less is known about their benefits for adult health. We report on the long-term health effects of one of the oldest and most heavily cited early childhood interventions with long-term follow-up evaluated by the method of randomization: the Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC). Using recently collected biomedical data, we find that disadvantaged children randomly assigned to treatment have significantly lower prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in their mid-30s. The evidence is especially strong for males. The mean systolic blood pressure among the control males is 143 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), whereas it is only 126 mm Hg among the treated. One in four males in the control group is affected by metabolic syndrome, whereas none in the treatment group are affected. To reach these conclusions, we address several statistical challenges. We use exact permutation tests to account for small sample sizes and conduct a parallel bootstrap confidence interval analysis to confirm the permutation analysis. We adjust inference to account for the multiple hypotheses tested and for nonrandom attrition. Our evidence shows the potential of early life interventions for preventing disease and promoting health. PMID:24675955

Campbell, Frances; Conti, Gabriella; Heckman, James J; Moon, Seong Hyeok; Pinto, Rodrigo; Pungello, Elizabeth; Pan, Yi

2014-03-28

124

EARLY CHILDHOOD INVESTMENTS SUBSTANTIALLY BOOST ADULT HEALTH  

PubMed Central

High-quality early childhood programs have been shown to have substantial benefits in reducing crime, raising earnings, and promoting education. Much less is known about their benefits for adult health. We report the long-term health impacts of one of the oldest and most heavily cited early childhood interventions with long-term follow-up evaluated by the method of randomization: the Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC). Using recently collected biomedical data, we find that disadvantaged children randomly assigned to treatment have significantly lower prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in their mid-30s. The evidence is especially strong for males. The mean systolic blood pressure among the control males is 143, while only 126 among the treated. One in four males in the control group is affected by metabolic syndrome, while none in the treatment group is. To reach these conclusions, we address several statistical challenges. We use exact permutation tests to account for small sample sizes and conduct a parallel bootstrap confidence interval analysis to confirm the permutation analysis. We adjust inference to account for the multiple hypotheses tested and for nonrandom attrition. Our evidence shows the potential of early life interventions for preventing disease and promoting health. PMID:24675955

Campbell, Frances; Conti, Gabriella; Heckman, James J.; Moon, Seong Hyeok; Pinto, Rodrigo; Pungello, Elizabeth; Pan, Yi

2014-01-01

125

Nutritional Iron Deficiency in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a • The true prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency (ID) in childhood is unclear because of the uncertainty over its definition\\u000a and the insensitivity of markers of ID.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • The major cause in developed countries is likely to be the excessive and early use of cow’s milk and a diet poor in haem\\u000a iron.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • Recent neuro-physiological observations support the many

Robert J. D. Moy

126

Early Childhood Adventures in Peacemaking: A Conflict Resolution Activity Guide for Early Childhood Educators. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This early childhood curriculum (ages 3-6) uses games, music, art, drama, and storytelling to teach young children effective, nonviolent ways to resolve conflicts and provides caregivers with tools for helping young children develop key conflict resolution skills. Following an introductory chapter, Chapter 2 provides guidance in assessing the…

Kreidler, William J.; Whittall, Sandy Tsubokawa

127

An Integrated Approach to Early Childhood Education and Care. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was commissioned as a state-of-the-art paper on policy development and implementation of integrated or coordinated services of early childhood education and care (ECEC) within a systemic perspective. The report compares main ECEC policy issues in developed and developing countries, focusing on practical implications and mechanisms…

Haddad, Lenira

128

Early Childhood Trends Worldwide--First Annual World Early Childhood Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on trends in early childhood education in various countries, focusing on educational policy and the role of government. Summarizes trends from Armenia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, India, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, Moldova, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and Uruguay. (KB)

Neugebauer, Roger

2001-01-01

129

Language and Literacy in Early Childhood Education. Yearbook in Early Childhood Education, Volume 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As classrooms have become more culturally and linguistically diversified, the theories and methods of teaching reading to young children have changed. Early childhood educators must explore new methods of instruction in order to involve and expand the language abilities of young children and must provide engaging activities that will create more…

Spodek, Bernard, Ed.; Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.

130

Research Funding Opportunities for Early Career Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

This talk will describe opportunities for early career faculty members in the physical sciences to obtain funding for scientific research and educational projects. I will discuss programs offered by Research Corporation for Science Advancement, a private nonprofit foundation, which include opportunities for scientists at primarily undergraduate institutions and at research universities. I will emphasize strategies for successful grant writing. The

Richard Wiener

2009-01-01

131

Tangible Programming 1 Running head:TANGIBLE PROGRAMMING IN EARLY CHILDHOOD  

E-print Network

Tangible Programming 1 Running head:TANGIBLE PROGRAMMING IN EARLY CHILDHOOD Tangible Programming in Early Childhood: Revisiting Developmental Assumptions through New Technologies Marina Umaschi Bers kindergarten classrooms. #12;Tangible Programming 3 Tangible Programming in Early Childhood: Revisiting

Bers, Marina Umaschi

132

Early Childhood Education: An Examination of Some Urban Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good early childhood programs serve as a foundation for socialization and the building of skills, while complementing a child's development during the formative years. If the community would mount forceful campaigns to make early childhood education what it should be, millions of dollars might be saved on remedial programs. In an effort to save…

Blackwell, Jacqueline

133

Early Childhood Folio 3: A Collection of Recent Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a collection of articles addressing current issues in early childhood education. The first article, "Would You Like to Pack Away Now?: Improving the Quality of Talk in Early Childhood Programs," (Laurie Makin) addresses how teachers talk to children. The second article, "Persistence When It's Difficult: A Disposition to Learn for…

Wright, Judith, Ed.; Podmore, Valerie, Ed.

134

Learning with Technology for Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an innovative pilot project at the University of Canberra aimed at providing pre-service early childhood teachers with the skills, confidence and ideological change required to include technology-enhanced learning as part of the early childhood curriculum. The impact of the project was evaluated through participant…

Campbell, Anne; Scotellaro, Grazia

2009-01-01

135

Early Childhood Socialization: Societal Context and Childrearing Values in Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the socio-cultural context of early childhood socialization in Hungary. Using a macroscopic lens, we describe the national demographic situation and the social organization of early childhood education and care. Our analysis then shifts to a microscopic focus on parental values and beliefs about the substance of what young…

Brayfield, April; Korintus, Marta

2011-01-01

136

Setting the Stage for Lifetime Physical Activity in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide a rationale and suggestions for emphasizing health-related physical education in preschool settings. In order to accomplish this, it will examine what is currently known about early childhood physical activity, as well as the existing professional preparation and accreditation standards for early childhood

Schneider, Holly; Lounsbery, Monica

2008-01-01

137

Effects of Critical Thinking Intervention for Early Childhood Teacher Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is based on an intervention designed to enhance early childhood teacher candidates' critical thinking abilities. The concept, elements, standards, and traits of critical thinking were integrated into the main course contents, and the effects of the intervention were examined. The results indicated that early childhood teacher…

Han, Heejeong Sophia; Brown, E. Todd

2013-01-01

138

Retention of Staff in the Early Childhood Education Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What incentives can the administrators of early childhood education facilities offer their staff in order to retain them? In light of research identifying low staff turnover as a key component of high quality early childhood education, the answer to this question has ramifications beyond human-resources management. This paper presents the results…

Holochwost, Steven J.; DeMott, Kerri; Buell, Martha; Yannetta, Kelly; Amsden, Deborah

2009-01-01

139

Literacy in Early Childhood and Primary Education: Issues, Challenges, Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy in Early Childhood and Primary Education provides a comprehensive introduction to literacy teaching and learning. The book explores the continuum of literacy learning and children's transitions from early childhood settings to junior primary classrooms and then to senior primary and beyond. Reader-friendly and accessible, this book equips…

McLachlan, Claire; Nicholson, Tom; Fielding-Barnsley, Ruth; Mercer, Louise; Ohi, Sarah

2012-01-01

140

Teacher Evaluation Practices In Early Childhood Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the field of early childhood special education continues to evolve, increased emphasis is being placed on program evaluation as it relates to the larger issue of efficacy. One dimension of program accountability that has received little attention is teacher (interventionist) evaluation. This exploratory study examines teacher evaluation practices that are currently being used with early childhood special educators in

Andrea M. Lazzari; Mary Beth Bruder

1988-01-01

141

Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada, 2001. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that in Canada, regulated child care and most other early childhood services are under provincial jurisdiction, this report is the fifth to provide statistical and other information on early childhood care and education services for each province and territory in Canada. Data were assembled from a variety of sources, including…

Friendly, Martha; Beach, Jane; Turiano, Michelle

142

Early Childhood Teachers' Attitudes toward Gender Roles and toward Discipline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to investigate early childhood teachers' attitudes toward gender roles and toward discipline. The findings demonstrated that early childhood teachers had a tendency to hold egalitarian attitudes toward gender roles and discipline. In other words, these attitudes were found to be highly correlated. (Contains 4…

Erden, Feyza

2004-01-01

143

"I Feel Absolutely Incompetent": Professionalism, Policy and Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an ongoing debate over the nature and necessity of teacher "professionalism", particularly in early childhood education. In England, this sector was a particular focus of the education policies of Labour governments in the 2000s, and this had a significant impact on early childhood teachers and classrooms. This article examines the impact…

Bradbury, Alice

2012-01-01

144

A Cognitive Approach to Stress Reduction for Early Childhood Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For early childhood educators a cognitive approach to stress therapy is a valuable supplement to other approaches. Early childhood educators, like others, may develop psychological vulnerabilities that contribute to stress and depression. An exaggerated need for approval or an unhealthy demand for perfectionism may contribute to their experience…

Smith, Doris O.

145

Dominant Discourses of Teachers in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the dominant discourses teachers in early childhood education (ECE) used to produce understandings of children and educational practice for them. Seven teachers from two early childhood centres in urban KwaZulu-Natal participated in this qualitative study. Data were produced through semi-structured interviews and…

Ebrahim, H. B.

2010-01-01

146

"It's More than Care": Early Childhood Educators' Concepts of Professionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the findings from a small-scale study of early childhood educators' perceptions of their roles, responsibilities and ideas related to professionalism. Twenty-five early childhood educators from Canada (Ontario), Nigeria and South Africa participated in qualitative interviews to address the following questions: (1) In what…

Harwood, Debra; Klopper, Audrey; Osanyin, Ajike; Vanderlee, Mary-Louise

2013-01-01

147

Evaluation of the Quality of Early Childhood Classrooms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the quality of two types of Turkish early childhood education programs: private and public preschools. Three public and three private preschools in a district of Istanbul were randomly selected. The quality of preschools was assessed using the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale developed by Harms et…

Gol-Guven, Mine

2009-01-01

148

Classroom Effects of an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development (ECEPD) project that provided high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development designed to support developmentally appropriate instruction for preschool-age children based on the best available research on early childhood pedagogy, child development, and preschool learning. Participating teachers in ECEPD classrooms received extensive, intensive, and continuous professional development and coaching on critical features of

Bob Algozzine; Julie Babb; Kate Algozzine; Maryann Mraz; Brian Kissel; Sedra Spano; Kimberly Foxworth

2011-01-01

149

Designing a Science Methods Course for Early Childhood Preservice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing early childhood (K-3) teachers to teach science presents special challenges for the science methods instructor. Early childhood preservice teachers typically come to the methods classroom with little science content knowledge; they also lack confidence in their own abilities to teach science. This paper presents a theoretical background,…

Akerson, Valarie L.

2004-01-01

150

Teacher Training for Early Childhood Development and Education in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

The training of early childhood development and education (ECDE) teachers in Kenya remains a priority in recognition of the vital role well-trained professionals play in the quality of early childhood experiences for children ages 0+ to 5+. This article provides a detailed overview of the current structure and training of ECDE professionals, including pedagogical strategies and curricular guidelines. Specific attention

Tata Mbugua

2009-01-01

151

Childcare as Healthcare: Parents’ Perceptions of Enriched Early Childhood Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regina is a Registered Nurse and a recent graduate from the Bachelor of Science in Nursing Program. Her research project largely concerned social determinants of health, and more specifically, early childhood development. She has spent the past year exploring local parents’ perceptions and opinions about the importance of enriched early childhood experiences. The focus of this research was to describe

Regina DeLottinville

2012-01-01

152

Creative Construction of Mathematics and Science Concepts in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that effective teaching models that emphasize critical thinking in mathematics and science are used less often in early childhood classrooms than in those for older students, this book provides early childhood educators with an explanation of teaching models that promote 3- to 8-year-olds critical thinking, problem solving, decision making,…

Gallenstein, Nancy L.

153

Researching Early Childhood Policy and Practice. A Critical Ecology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the renewed interest in early childhood education and care in European politics, and the implications for research in changing policy contexts. Based on the policy analysis, it argues for a radical reconceptualisation of how, with and for whom, and to what end we design, conduct and interpret research in early childhood in…

Urban, Mathias

2012-01-01

154

Preparing Early Childhood Special Educators for Inclusive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe experienced practitioners' beliefs about inclusion and their perceptions of what early childhood special education (ECSE) preservice teachers need to know and be able to do to effectively support early childhood inclusion. This study used a sequential explanatory mixed methods approach to describe the…

Hooper, Belinda Bourne

2011-01-01

155

Unsettling Representational Practices: Inhabiting Relational Becomings in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to unsettle representational practices enacted through dominant multicultural pedagogical approaches in the early childhood classroom. Drawing from a research study in early childhood centers that investigated practitioners' and children's negotiations of racial difference, I explore how multicultural pedagogical approaches in…

Nxumalo, Fikile

2012-01-01

156

Early Childhood Science Education; Acknowledging and Valuing Differing Cultural Understandings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for early childhood professionals to depart from a narrow framing of early childhood science experiences based on Western perspectives and to seek out a spectrum of cultural views that influence children's scientific thinking. Describes differences between Western and Aboriginal science and promotes broadened understandings of…

Fleer, Marilyn

1996-01-01

157

A Nordic Perspective on Early Childhood Education and Care Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national policies and historical roots of early childhood education (ECE) vary from society to society. In the Nordic countries, early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies have been built in the context of the welfare state. As such, they are closely connected to other welfare policy areas such as social policy, family policy and…

Karila, Kirsti

2012-01-01

158

Renovating Early Childhood Education Pedagogy: A Case Study in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2003, the Vietnamese government has prioritised curriculum reform efforts and commitment to improving the quality of the national curriculum. The Vietnamese early childhood education renovation has encountered considerable changes and challenges, particularly in the area of pedagogical approaches. Many early childhood teachers continue to…

Thao, Dang Phuong; Boyd, Wendy Anne

2014-01-01

159

Investing in Michigan's Future: Meeting the Early Childhood Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results from research into the effects of early childhood programs on their participants, particularly low-income and at-risk children. The studies described offer evidence on the long-term effects of high quality early childhood programs. Such programs can have long-lasting positive effects on children and their families,…

Schweinhart, Lawrence J.; Fulcher-Dawson, Rachel

2006-01-01

160

Early Childhood Teacher Institutions Listed. NCEDL Spotlights, No. 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the NCEDL Spotlights series announces the availability of a national directory of institutions offering programs for early childhood teachers, "The National Directory of Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Institutions," published by NCEDL and the Council for Professional Recognition. The directory contains listings for nearly 1,400…

National Center for Early Development & Learning, Chapel Hill, NC.

161

Family Strategies to Support and Develop Resilience in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood is an important time for the development of resilience. A recently completed study has followed three cohorts of resilient children and young people living in disadvantaged areas in Victoria, Australia, through different transitions in their educational careers. This paper focuses on the early childhood cohort, where we have…

Taket, A. R.; Nolan, A.; Stagnitti, K.

2014-01-01

162

Key Concepts in Early Childhood Education and Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book aims to provide a series of starting points which will help readers to understand more about many key topics in early childhood education and care. In the rapidly changing field of early childhood education and care, it is becoming increasingly important for students and practitioners to have an awareness of the many topics that relate…

Nutbrown, Cathy

2005-01-01

163

Parental Conceptions of Quality in Greek Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the current study was to examine the assessments of parents of the quality of early childhood education (ECE) in Greece. Five hundred and fifty three preschoolers' parents participated in this study providing quality and importance ratings based on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale Parent Questionnaire (ECERSPQ) for the…

Grammatikopoulos, Vasilis; Gregoriadis, Athanasios; Tsigilis, Nikolaos; Zachopoulou, Evridiki

2014-01-01

164

Teaching Practices that Promote Motor Skills in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood educators, especially those in preschool centers, are often expected to design and implement movement programs. However, these individuals may not have been taught these skills during their education. The purpose of this study was to determine if early childhood majors could successfully be taught to implement a mastery climate…

Robinson, Leah E.; Webster, E. Kipling; Logan, S. Wood; Lucas, W. Amarie; Barber, Laura T.

2012-01-01

165

Turkish Early Childhood Educators' Sense of Teacher Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The current study explores the level of Turkish prospective and current early childhood teachers' sense of teacher efficacy. Method: One hundred and six prospective, 243 early childhood teachers and a total of 389 participants were involved in the study. Participants responded to the Turkish version of Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale…

Kotaman, Huseyin

2010-01-01

166

Shared-Reading Volume in Early Childhood Special Education Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes book reading practices occurring in early childhood special education (ECSE) classrooms in comparison to early childhood education (ECE) classrooms. Reading logs submitted by 19 ECSE teachers and 13 ECE teachers over one academic year included all books read in whole class settings; these logs were analyzed to assess the…

Dynia, Jaclyn M.; Justice, Laura M.

2015-01-01

167

Australian Early Childhood Educators: From Government Policy to University Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the Australian Federal Government initiatives in the area of early childhood with regard to the provision of early childhood education and care. These changes have influenced a Western Australian university to develop an innovative birth to 8 years preservice educator education curriculum. Using an ecological…

Davies, Sharon; Trinidad, Sue

2013-01-01

168

Preparing Teachers for Inclusion: Jordanian Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted during a period of national educational reforms in Jordan to investigate Jordanian preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes toward inclusion and the adequacy of their current preparation for implementing inclusion. The study also sought to identify the perceived concerns of preservice early childhood teachers about…

Fayez, Merfat; Dababneh, Kholoud; Jumiaan, Ibrahim

2011-01-01

169

Early Childhood Teacher Education in Ethiopia: Progress and Emerging Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article extends concerns of our National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators (NAECTE) membership beyond the borders of the United States to the continent of Africa. Specifically, it explores the current status of early childhood teacher education in one of the poorest nations of the world--Ethiopia. It includes an analysis of…

Hoot, James; Szente, Judit; Tadesse, Selamawit

2006-01-01

170

Early Childhood Teacher Education in Pakistan: Time for Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a critical account of early childhood education (ECE) in Pakistan. It moves from a general review of the benefits of ECE to focus on the issues and challenges connected to the professional development of early childhood teachers. It highlights problems encountered in developing practitioners who are highly skilled in the…

Zada, Khan

2014-01-01

171

Principle-Centered Leadership in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most important aspects of any early childhood setting is the quality of its leadership. Leaders set the tone and are critical to the development of a nurturing environment that supports families and staff, who then encourage children to flourish. A principle-centered leadership approach is an effective model for early childhood

Carr, Victoria; Johnson, Lawrence J.; Corkwell, Connie

2009-01-01

172

Measuring in support of early childhood development.  

PubMed

A child's early experiences and environments have a significant, measurable effect on later life trajectories of health and well-being. Each child's own world, especially parents and other caregivers, literally sculpts the brain and impacts stress pathways. Effective early childhood interventions exist that can improve adult and societal outcomes. In this statement, the Canadian Paediatric Society calls on federal and provincial/territorial governments to measure and monitor the developmental progress of children in Canada, which can vary widely among communities and demographic groups. The statement explores the objectives for collecting quality information about early child development, its determinants and long-term outcomes. It also examines four approaches to collecting population-based, person-specific and longitudinal data, both in young children and later in life. A key outcome of monitoring development is timely intervention. Linking individual data to the home and community levels is a critical step, so that communities and governments can monitor and take actions that support early child development. PMID:23204908

Hertzman, Clyde; Clinton, Jean; Lynk, Andrew

2011-12-01

173

Tennessee's Statewide Early Childhood Training System (TECTA): Improving the Quality of Early Childhood Services through Coordinated Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical issue facing the nation today stems from the fact that many classroom teachers in Early Childhood Education lack adequate training. This deficit in the professional education of teachers impacts outcomes for children every day. This article discusses the establishment of a training system that has impacted Early Childhood education in…

Mietlicki, Connie

2010-01-01

174

Early childhood caries in indigenous communities.  

PubMed

The oral health of Indigenous children of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis) and the United States (American Indian, Alaska Native) is a major child health issue: there is a high prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and resulting adverse health effects in this community, as well as high rates and costs of restorative and surgical treatments under general anesthesia. ECC is an infectious disease that is influenced by multiple factors, including socioeconomic determinants, and requires a combination of approaches for improvement. This statement includes recommendations for preventive oral health and clinical care for young infants and pregnant women by primary health care providers, community-based health-promotion initiatives, oral health workforce and access issues, and advocacy for community water fluoridation and fluoride-varnish program access. Further community-based research on the epidemiology, prevention, management, and microbiology of ECC in Indigenous communities would be beneficial. PMID:21624884

2011-06-01

175

Research Funding Opportunities for Early Career Scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk will describe opportunities for early career faculty members in the physical sciences to obtain funding for scientific research and educational projects. I will discuss programs offered by Research Corporation for Science Advancement, a private nonprofit foundation, which include opportunities for scientists at primarily undergraduate institutions and at research universities. I will emphasize strategies for successful grant writing. The target audience is early career academic scientists in Astronomy, Physics, and related fields, as well as graduate students and postdoctoral researchers considering careers in these academic disciplines.

Wiener, Richard

2009-10-01

176

Constructions of Childhood in Early Childhood Education Policy Debate in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What assumptions about children and childhood are held by government officials and organisation representatives who are influential in policy formation in early childhood education (ECE) in New Zealand? How are assumptions manifested in policy? This article draws on a study carried out from 2001 to 2003, a time of radical ECE policy change in New…

Mitchell, Linda

2010-01-01

177

Teach Early Childhood in China! The Department of Childhood Education, Literacy and TESOL (CELT) at the  

E-print Network

Teach Early Childhood in China! The Department of Childhood Education, Literacy and TESOL (CELT to the student each month for 10 months Above-average standard of living in China Accident Injury Insurance up to ¥100,000 Work on your master's degree with tuition support while teaching abroad in Nanjing, China

Asaithambi, Asai

178

Are Minority Children Disproportionately Represented in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated whether and to what extent children who are racial-ethnic minorities are disproportionately represented in early intervention and/or early childhood special education (EI/ECSE). We did so by analyzing a large sample of 48-month-olds (N = 7,950) participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), a…

Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve

2012-01-01

179

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM...

2014-10-01

180

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM...

2011-10-01

181

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM...

2012-10-01

182

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, HEAD START PROGRAM...

2013-10-01

183

GradDipECT(EarlyChildhood) College of Education  

E-print Network

in this booklet was correct at the time of printing. #12;3 GraduateDiplomain EarlyChildhoodTeaching(EC) The literacy and numeracy as part of the selection process. UC will endeavour to contact students

Hickman, Mark

184

Montessori and Early Childhood Education: A Contemporary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys constructivism and developmental psychology, including work by Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner, Gardner, Kamii, and DeVries. Considers the influence of Montessori pedagogy on early childhood education in contrast to its neglect in professional literature. (JPB)

Haines, Annette

2000-01-01

185

The European roots of early childhood education in North America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Early childhood education in North America is currently in a state of flux. While Piagetian approaches to early childhood\\u000a education curricula seem to predominate in North America today, some of the influences of the other paradigms discussed below\\u000a are still in evidence. The idea of nurturing children as well as educating them has endured, even with the new cognitive focus.

Gary Woodill

1986-01-01

186

Scaffolding conceptual change in early childhood  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The general educational literature draws our attention to the limitations of Piaget’s work and presents a number of interesting ideas that science educators and researchers could consider. Of interest are Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky’s writings on the zone of proximal development and the more recent writings of Jerome Bruner on scaffolding. The notion of learning as a a socially constructed process in opposition to the more individualistic orientation of Piaget has challenged much of our educational practice. This paper will briefly explore the basic tenets of constructivism and contrast the theories developed from within this paradigm to the work of Vygotsky and Bruner through an analysis of classroom discourse collected from a number of early childhood classes involved in the interactive teaching approach to science. Transcripts of teacher-child discourse are presented as evidence to support the proposition that when the teacher’s role is not clearly defined, the range of teacher-child interactions will vary enormously, and the subsequent learning outcomes for children will be quite different.

Fleer, Marilyn

1990-01-01

187

Building Community Systems for Young Children: Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) launched the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative to improve systems of care for young children. Early Care and Education (ECE) is one of five critical components in the initiative because early experiences set the foundation for future learning. ECE's importance continues to…

Stipek, Deborah; Kuo, Alice; Inkelas, Moira; Bassok, Daphna

2004-01-01

188

Exceptional Children Conference Papers: Early Childhood Education - An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight conference papers on early childhood education give a philosophical overview to the instruction of young children. Contents include a presentation by Edward W. Martin on a new outlook for early education of handicapped children and a report by Mrs. Betty Dubnoff on the case for early identification and intervention. Other presentations…

Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.

189

Hide and Seek: Values in Early Childhood Education and Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care settings in England and the people who work in them constitute an important sphere of influence, shaping young children's characters and values. But the values and dispositions expected of the early years workforce are missing from statutory policy documentation despite its clear requirement that practitioners…

Powell, Sacha

2010-01-01

190

Understanding Early Childhood Mental Health: A Practical Guide for Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating infant mental health services into early education programs leads to better child outcomes and stronger parent-child relationships--the big question is how to do it appropriately and effectively. Clear answers are in this accessible textbook, created to prepare early childhood professionals and programs to weave best practices in…

Summers, Susan Janko, Ed.; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel, Ed.

2012-01-01

191

Listening in Early Childhood: An Interdisciplinary Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three general purposes of research in human development are to explain, predict, and modify behavior. Studies of listening during early childhood (birth through age eight) are of particular significance to the field because they enable researchers to describe listening processes from their very origins (explain), they demonstrate the effects of early listening experiences on later experiences (predict), and they offer

Mary Renck Jalongo

2010-01-01

192

Preparing Speech Language Pathology Students to Work in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortage of highly qualified speech language pathologists (SLPs) with specialized training in early intervention and early childhood special education (EI/ECSE) is a pressing issue facing the field and dramatically impacts young children's social and academic success. SLP personnel preparation programs focused on training specialists in…

Barton, Erin E.; Moore, Heather W.; Squires, Jane K.

2012-01-01

193

Where is the (postmodern) child in early childhood education research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within early years education research there is a lack of research that focuses on the child and that constructs the child as co?constructor of knowledge, culture and identity. Although there is much writing on early childhood education with regard to teacher practice, pedagogy and curriculum, these discussions are rarely informed by the perspectives of children. The author conducted a review

Melanie D. Janzen

2008-01-01

194

Digital, Hybrid, and Multilingual Literacies in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines sociocultural research on early literacy development in the digital age. The last decade has witnessed a proliferation of informational technology that has fundamentally shifted how we think about language and literacy in the early childhood years. Despite these trends, narrow and reductive views of literacy continue to…

Razfar, Aria; Yang, Eunah

2010-01-01

195

Early Childhood Teacher Education: The Case of Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For early childhood, the domain of geometry and spatial reasoning is an important area of mathematics learning. Unfortunately, geometry and spatial thinking are often ignored or minimized in early education. We build a case for the importance of geometry and spatial thinking, review research on professional development for these teachers, and…

Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie

2011-01-01

196

Early Childhood Music Education in England: Changes, Choices, and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood provision in England is undergoing a period of expansion and change. Policy for English early years education and care is based on principles of serving children in need rather than entitlement for all. The result is a two-tier system of private and state provision. Music has benefited from this increase in interest and investment. There is a range

Susan Young

2007-01-01

197

Advocacy: The Early Childhood Historian's Not-So-Hidden Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine how knowledge of history and politics informs the early education and child care field, this paper identifies sources of historical knowledge and unexamined underlying presuppositions frequently held by early childhood professionals which, if allowed to remain unchallenged, contribute to professional burn-out, repeated frustration at…

Ranck, Edna Runnels

198

Investing in Early Childhood Education: A Global Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last several decades have seen growing global interest in the potential for public investments in early childhood care and education (ECCE) to improve the development of young children, especially those from socially disadvantaged groups. This interest is based on evidence of the importance of environmental influences on early cognitive and…

Barnett, W. S.; Nores, M.

2012-01-01

199

A Bridge between Early Childhood Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers, center directors, principals, and policy makers constantly make decisions about early childhood education. Early educators are increasingly expected to draw connections between what they do in the classroom and what research shows. Researchers are encouraged to investigate matters critical to educators' day-to-day work with children and…

Snow, Kyle

2011-01-01

200

Democratic and Participatory Approaches: Exemplars from Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument presented in this paper is that understanding and appreciating participatory approaches in early childhood education may serve as a basis for further development of such practices within the early years sector, and also provide examples and challenges for the leadership and management of schools and other educational institutions.…

Luff, Paulette; Webster, Rebecca

2014-01-01

201

Periodic Early Childhood Hearing Screening: The EHDI Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State coordinators of early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) programs completed a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, or SWOT, analysis that examined 12 areas within state EHDI programs. Concerning periodic early childhood hearing screening, 47 coordinators listed 241 items and themes were identified within each SWOT…

Hoffman, Jeff; Houston, K. Todd; Munoz, Karen F.; Bradham, Tamala S.

2011-01-01

202

Early Adolescent Risk Behavior Outcomes of Childhood Externalizing Behavioral Trajectories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the early childhood indicators of adolescent risk. The link between trajectories of externalizing behavioral problems and early adolescent risk behavior was examined in a longitudinal sample of 875 child participants in the LONGSCAN studies. Five trajectory groups of children defined by externalizing behavior problems were…

Thompson, Richard; Tabone, Jiyoung Kim; Litrownik, Alan J.; Briggs, Ernestine C.; Hussey, Jon M.; English, Diana J.; Dubowitz, Howard

2011-01-01

203

ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign provides ready access to a wide array of information resources in the areas of child development, the education and care of children from birth through early adolescence, the teaching of young children, and parenting and family life.

204

Framing Early Childhood Development: Strategic Communications and Public Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief focuses on the potential role that strategic communications can play in helping state (Maternal Child Health) MCH programs and their collaborating partners frame their message to enhance the public's understanding of the importance of early child development and the need for a comprehensive and integrated early childhood system. The…

Gilliam, Franklin D.; Bales, Susan Nall

2004-01-01

205

Understanding Inclusive Early Childhood Education: A Capability Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the application of current discourse in inclusive education, particularly the capability approach and its utility in early childhood education. The article highlights the tensions between a rights-based discourse that informs inclusive education practice and the right for children to have early intervention. Structural…

Underwood, Kathryn; Valeo, Angela; Wood, Rebecca

2012-01-01

206

Early Childhood Care and Education: A Child Perspective Paradigm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From research we know that there is no specific early childhood education programme that is superior to other approaches (National Research Council. 2001). At the same time, historically it looks like people think there is a specific programme that will solve all problems and guarantee a high quality in early years education, since different…

Sommer, Dion; Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid; Hundeide, Karsten

2013-01-01

207

Kinderet: Developing Training for Early Childhood Educators in Information and Communications Technology (ICT) In Bulgaria, England, Portugal, Spain and Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the European context the continuing training of early childhood educators in terms of information and communications technology (ICT) remains limited and is in need of development. The KINDERET project has been funded through the European Commission's "Leonardo da Vinci" programme aimed to identify and understand the theoretical and practical…

Saude, S.; Carioca, V.; Siraj-Blatchford, J.; Sheridan, S.; Genov, K.; Nuez, R.

2005-01-01

208

Characteristics of Unified and Separate Early Childhood Education and Early Childhood Special Education Programs: A National Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the characteristics of course content, field experiences, and program administration at 14 unified early childhood/early child special education (ECE/ECSE) and 13 separate ECE or ECSE undergraduate teacher preparation programs. Students from unified programs and ECSE (but not ECE) programs had a balance of ECE course content…

Dunne, Lora Fader

2002-01-01

209

Early-onset Childhood Sarcoidosis with Incidental Multiple Enchondromatosis  

PubMed Central

The triad of rash, arthritis, and uveitis seems to be characteristic for early-onset childhood sarcoidosis. We describe an interesting case of early-onset childhood sarcoidosis coexisting enchondromatosis, which clinically masquerade as Langerhans cell histiocytosis. A 33 months old girl presented with skin rash, subcutaneous nodules with polyarthritis, and revealed the involvement of lymph nodes as well as spleen during work-up. She also presented with multiple osteolytic lesions which pathologically proven enchondromatosis. Oral prednisone was prescribed at 2 mg/kg/day for 2 months until when subcutaneous nodules and joint swellings almost disappeared, and then slowly tapered over a period of 5 months. We report an unusual case of early-onset childhood sarcoidosis presented with osteolytic bone lesions which were irrelevant to sarcoidosis. PMID:22219622

Lee, Jong-Hwa; Lim, Yeon-Jung; Lee, Seunghun; Joo, Kyung Bin; Choi, Yun Young; Park, Chan-Kum

2012-01-01

210

Perinatal and Early Childhood Environmental Factors Influencing Allergic Asthma Immunopathogenesis  

PubMed Central

Background The prevalence of asthma has increased dramatically over the past several decades. While hereditary factors are highly important, the rapid rise outstrips the pace of genomic variation. Great emphasis has been placed on potential modifiable early life exposures leading to childhood asthma. Methods We reviewed the recent medical literature for important studies discussing the role of the perinatal and early childhood exposures and the inception of childhood asthma. Results and Discussion Early life exposure to allergens (House dust mite (HDM), furred pets, cockroach, rodent and mold)air pollution (nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and particulate matter (PM)) and viral respiratory tract infections (Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human rhinovirus (hRV)) have been implicated in the development of asthma in high risk children. Conversely, exposure to microbial diversity in the perinatal period may diminish the development of atopy and asthma symptoms. PMID:24952205

Gaffin, Jonathan M.; Kanchongkittiphon, Watcharoot; Phipatanakul, Wanda

2014-01-01

211

The Importance of Early Childhood Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most poor children achieve less, exhibit more problem behaviors and are less healthy than children reared in more affluent families. We look beyond correlations such as these to a recent set of studies that attempt to assess the causal impact of childhood poverty on adult well-being. We pay particular attention to the potentially harmful effects…

Duncan, Greg J.; Magnuson, Katherine; Kalil, Ariel; Ziol-Guest, Kathleen

2012-01-01

212

Early childhood psychosis and bleeding during pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with infantile autism and childhood psychosis were identified in the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke Collaborative Perinatal Study. They were matched with two control groups, one of normal-IQ and the other of low-IQ children. Perinatal data, which had been collected prospectively, were then rated blindly. The relationship between uterine bleeding in mothers and their subsequently delivered children,

E. Fuller Torrey; Stephen P. Hersh; Kinne D. McCabe

1975-01-01

213

The DEC Recommended Practices in Early Intervention\\/Early Childhood Special Education: Social Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results are reported from the field survey of the DEC Recommended Practices as one part of a national effort by the Division for Early Childhood (DEC) of the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) to develop evidence-based practices for Early Intervention\\/Early Childhood Special Education (EIlECSE). Surveys were received from 388 respondents consisting of practitioners, parents, and administration or higher education personnel.

Mary E. McLean; Patricia Snyder; Barbara J. Smith; Susan R. Sandall

2002-01-01

214

Grant Title: HEALTHY EATING RESEARCH: BUILDING EVIDENCE TO PREVENT CHILDHOOD OBESITY Funding Opportunity Number: N/A  

E-print Network

Grant Title: HEALTHY EATING RESEARCH: BUILDING EVIDENCE TO PREVENT CHILDHOOD OBESITY Funding childhood obesity Release and Expiration: N/A Application Deadline: Deadlines for receipt of concept papers Childhood Obesity is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF). The program supports

Farritor, Shane

215

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND -COLLEGE OF HUMAN SCIENCE AND SERVICES EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM CURRICULUM PLANNING SHEET  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND - COLLEGE OF HUMAN SCIENCE AND SERVICES EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Engagement in Early Childhood Settings ___________________ *EDC 312 (3) Psychology of Learning to the ECE Certificate Program) EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION CERTIFICATE PROGRAM

Rhode Island, University of

216

78 FR 70565 - Renewal of the Advisory Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program...program evaluation and research, education, and early childhood development....

2013-11-26

217

Evaluation of a Professional Development Workshop on Integration of Robotics into Early Childhood Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the previous research, the lack of knowledge about technology and developmentally appropriate pedagogical approaches to bring it to the classrooms, in addition to the low level of sense of self-efficacy, and positive attitude towards teaching with technology, are among the major impediments to the successful integration of new technologies into early childhood classrooms. The focus of this research as part of a three year long NSF funded project, "Ready for Robotics", is to seek strategies to be used towards resolving the problem stated above. The current thesis reports a study in which 32 early childhood educators participated in a professional development workshop on the integration of robotics as an educational intervention into their traditional classrooms. Results show a statistically significant increase in the level of knowledge in all the three areas of technology in general, pedagogy, and robotics content, along with non-numerical positive effects of the workshop.

Seddighin, Safoura

218

Trends in Early Childhood Education in the United Kingdom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided in this discussion of major developments in preschool education in the United Kingdom from 1973 to 1983. The first section offers general observations and covers major trends: rapid social change, the low priority accorded to preschooling, diversity as a key feature of early childhood education, children with special needs,…

Shinman, Sheila M.

219

Teachers' and Students' Cognitive Styles in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive style identifies the ways individuals react to different situations. Cognitive styles include stable attitudes, preferences, or habitual strategies that distinguish the individual styles of perceiving, remembering, thinking, and solving problems. Intended for researchers, psychologists, child development specialists, and early childhood

Saracho, Olivia Natividad

220

An Exchange Program for Chinese and Canadian Early Childhood Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an exchange program for early childhood teachers established by the University of British Columbia and Soong Ching Ling Kindergarten in Shanghai. Briefly discusses how the cooperative program was initiated, the importance of recognizing cultural considerations in the program, and expected outcomes of the program. (TJQ)

Dixon, Glen

1998-01-01

221

Inclusion of Technology Resources in Early Childhood Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses the inclusion of technology resources in early childhood music education. Successful technology inclusion in music for young children depends on the physical, mental, and social readiness of each individual child. Learning providers involved with young children should constantly review the child's capabilities and …

Kersten, Fred

2006-01-01

222

A Public Relations Handbook for Early Childhood Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This public relations handbook for staff members of early childhood organizations identifies elements of the communications process and provides tips on conducting effective publicity activities. News (hard breaking news and news with a human interest slant) is distinguished from trivia and examples are given of each. Guidelines for arranging…

First, Joan

223

An Interpretive Analysis of Teacher Expectations in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to broaden the existing field of teacher expectation research by answering the following questions about teacher expectations: (1) How do teachers in early childhood education develop expectations for student success and failure within the classroom social system? (2) What are the stereotypes of the "good" and "bad"…

Arnold, Genevieve Hunter

224

Routines and Transitions: A Guide for Early Childhood Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early childhood settings, children spend over 50 percent of their time on handwashing, dressing, napping, and other routines and transitions. "Routines and Transitions" is a guide to help turn these routine daily activities into learning experiences. By using transitions wisely, providers not only help children develop skills, but also run a…

Malenfont, Nicole

2006-01-01

225

Early Childhood Leadership through the Lens of Distributed Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate distribution of responsibilities for leadership in early childhood education (ECE) context. It focuses on the enactments of leadership by investigating how ECE stakeholders, e.g. teachers, ECE centre directors and administrative ECE leaders in municipalities perceive the leadership responsibilities. Using focus…

Heikka, Johanna; Hujala, Eeva

2013-01-01

226

Individual Differences in Sibling Teaching in Early and Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Sibling teaching and learning behaviors were investigated in 2 studies of children in early and middle childhood. Study 1 addressed individual differences in teaching/learning and associations with dyadic age, age gap, gender, birth order, and relationship quality in 71 middle-class dyads (firstborns M age = 81.54 months;…

Howe, Nina; Recchia, Holly

2009-01-01

227

Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood programs, if designed correctly, pay big economic dividends down the road because they increase the skills of their participants. And since many of those participants will remain in the same state or local area as adults, the local economy benefits: more persons with better skills attract business, which provides more and better…

Bartik, Timothy J.

2011-01-01

228

Early Childhood Education. Building Community Systems for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a series of reports designed to support the implementation of Proposition 10: The California Children and Families Act and to provide comprehensive and authoritative information on critical issues concerning young children and families in California, this report summarizes research on the effects of early childhood education and…

Stipek, Deborah; Ogawa, Terry

229

The Role of Meaningful Dialogue in Early Childhood Education Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action research was used to study the effectiveness of Learning Organisation and Adaptive Enterprise theories for promoting organisation-wide learning and creating a more effective early childhood education organisation. This article describes the leadership steps taken to achieve shared vision via meaningful dialogue between board, management and…

Deakins, Eric

2007-01-01

230

Early Childhood Teachers Reconstruct Beliefs and Practices through Reflexive Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional development, which results in sustained transformative change, requires that teachers engage in critical reflection regarding teaching practices. In this study, a group of five bilingual and generalist early childhood teachers engaged in a journey in which they elected to try to reconstruct their beliefs and practices about teaching…

Riojas-Cortez, Mari; Alanis, Iliana; Flores, Belinda Bustos

2013-01-01

231

Early Childhood Mentoring Programs: A Survey of Community Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentoring programs offer experienced caregivers and directors new encouragement to remain in the field by helping them learn to share their skills with others and grow in the profession. This report is the result of an information-gathering process among mentoring programs for early childhood educators in the United States. Following an…

Breunig, Gretchen Stahr; Bellm, Dan

232

Positive Behavior Supports and Interventions in Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary introduces a special issue of NHSA Dialog dedicated to the implementation of Positive Behavior Supports and Interventions in early childhood settings by establishing the importance of designing service delivery systems that infuse mental health and social emotional programming into all aspects of program planning and forwarding Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support as a potentially effective practice to accomplish this

Andy Frey

2009-01-01

233

Teaching Parents How to Facilitate Social Development during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social competency gained in early childhood influences numerous domains of a child's life throughout the lifespan. Since the preschool years are a time when children begin forming friendships with peers and may be exposed to a classroom setting for the first time, developing social competency is imperative for functioning well with the many people…

Progar, Michelle

2011-01-01

234

Developmental Needs and Early Childhood Education: Evolutionary, My Dear Watson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining the processes of natural selection, described by Darwin in "The Origin of Species", casts light on our own species' fundamental needs and on the far greater role that early childhood educators can play in their fulfillment. The second section of this paper analyzes how our fundamental needs emerge in a sequence underpinned by the…

Henry, Margaret

2004-01-01

235

Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (non-certification) 2013-14  

E-print Network

Education Courses Grade of `C' or higher required in all Professional Education Courses. `C-`or lowerCurriculum Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (non-certification) 2013-14 Name not accepted. Minimum GPA of 2.75 required in Professional Education Courses upon completion. Orientation

Acosta, Charles A.

236

Early Childhood Intervention: A Promising Preventative for Juvenile Delinquency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programs to reduce or prevent juvenile delinquency have been generally unsuccessful. Apparently the risk factors that make a child prone to delinquency are based in too many systems—including the individual, the family, and community networks—to make isolated treatment methods effective. Surprisingly, longitudinal studies of some early childhood intervention programs suggest they may help to reduce future delinquency. These programs take

Edward Zigler; Cara Taussig; Kathryn Black

1992-01-01

237

Single Mothers' Religious Participation and Early Childhood Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data on 1,134 single mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this study examined trajectories of religious participation among single mothers and whether these trajectories were associated with early childhood behavior. The results suggested that single mothers experienced diverse patterns of religious participation…

Petts, Richard J.

2012-01-01

238

Music's Representation in Early Childhood Education Journals: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review of literature, the author explored the representation of music in early childhood education researcher and practitioner journal articles. Thirty-eight pertinent journal articles were identified in a keyword search for "music" in eight journals. The search was limited to a 5-year period, 2005-2010. Article summaries were categorized…

Bond, Vanessa L.

2012-01-01

239

Romance or Reality?: Examining Burnout in Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively high rates of teacher attrition have been consistently identified as a major issue for the teaching profession over several decades. As a result, there has been a growing interest in the wellbeing of teachers across the entire education sector. Recent research by Noble, Goddard and O'Brien (2003) has found that early childhood teachers,…

Noble, Karen; Macfarlane, Kym

2005-01-01

240

Development and Evaluation of Metacognition in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study is to provide information and suggest ways to improve and evaluate metacognition in early childhood. Metacognition is important to learning and knowledge transfer and preparing students to become lifelong learners is a main aim of schooling. The engagement of young students in metacognitive thinking is considered…

Chatzipanteli, Athanasia; Grammatikopoulos, Vasilis; Gregoriadis, Athanasios

2014-01-01

241

Professional Development Needs and Interests of Early Childhood Education Trainers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An online survey of early childhood education (ECE) trainers was conducted to assess their professional development needs and determine any differences between new and experienced trainers. Trainers identified teaching techniques and resources commonly used. The survey information is guiding the development of ECE trainer criteria in a…

Byington, Teresa A.; Tannock, Michelle T.

2011-01-01

242

Early Childhood Education as a Resilience Intervention for Maltreated Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The profound injuries caused by child maltreatment are well documented in the neurological, attachment, cognitive, and developmental literature. In this review paper, we explore the potential of early childhood education (ECE) as a community-based resilience intervention for mitigating the impacts of child abuse and neglect and supporting families…

Ellenbogen, Stephen; Klein, Benjamin; Wekerle, Christine

2014-01-01

243

Reform of Early Childhood Education in Shenzhen: A Legal Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The systemic reform of early childhood education (ECE) in Shenzhen has given rise to widespread debate as it has, in fact, changed ECE's rights and power relationships. It has created an impact in terms of ECE's public nature and, in a way, affected the integrity of China's education system. Although this reform possesses positive significance,…

Guolin, Zhang

2008-01-01

244

Playing the Assessment Game: An English Early Childhood Education Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment and the documentation of learning is an international issue in early childhood education (ECE) and has increasingly become a way for governments to exercise direct control over the practitioners working with young children. This paper details recent statutory guidance about assessment and documentation for English ECE settings and…

Basford, Jo; Bath, Caroline

2014-01-01

245

The Anti-Bias Approach in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on an anti-bias approach to early childhood education addresses aspects of diversity such as gender, race, and language within Australian society and provides strategies for working with families and staff to challenge existing attitudes and practices. Key features of the book include case studies showing anti-bias principles in action,…

Creaser, Barbara; Dau, Elizabeth

246

Early childhood student teacher's reflective practice through children's work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Board of Professional Teaching Standards states that model teachers reflect on children's work to inform their practice. The study examines what that means for pre?service early childhood teachers. Six student teachers were asked to reflect on their practice by talking about their teaching when viewing children's work generated by the student teacher's lesson. A phenomenological approach was used

Sara McCormick Davis

2004-01-01

247

Causes of infant and early childhood deaths in Sierra Leone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information about the causes of infant and early childhood (1-4 years) mortality was compiled from the vital registration system for the Western Area, records from the children's Hospital in Freetown and two demographic sample surveys conducted in various chiefdom headquarters towns around the country. The leading causes of infant mortality are tetanus, fevers, measles and diarrhoea. A breakdown of certified

Borbor Sama Kandeh

1986-01-01

248

In the early childhood period children's decision-making processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the aims of the early childhood education is to equip children with the necessities of the changing and developing world. To be able to adapt to the fast changing and developing world, decision-making is a crucial life skill; for it has been seen that children have been frequently confronting situations of making decisions in their daily lives like

Vesile Y?ld?z Demirta?; Hale Sucuo?lu

2009-01-01

249

talking early childhood educationfictional enquiry with historical figures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of fictional writing, and in particular fictional dialogue, has gained increasing credibility and popularity within the field of qualitative social science research (Clough, 2002; Denzin, 1997; Tierney, 1998) but research in early childhood education has yet to exploit such methodologies. This article asks: what is meant by the term ‘narrative inquiry’ and how do researchers justify its use

Philip Selbie; Peter Clough

2005-01-01

250

Dialogue on Early Childhood Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators, scholars, and researchers in the United States convened at the Forum on Early Childhood Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education to discuss how, when, and even if science, mathematics, and technology should be taught to pre-kindergarten children. The product of that forum, this book summarizes some of the latest thinking about…

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.

251

Striving for Mental Health in the Early Childhood Center Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood programs can use a number of mental health strategies as preventive measures in support of constructive coping, including circle time, which enhances children's sense of belonging; daily affirmations, which promote positive thinking; and action plans, which allow children to plan their day and have some control over their lives.…

Cadiz, Sharon M.

1994-01-01

252

Group Time in Early Childhood Centers: An Exploratory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate the current status of group time in early childhood centers, a small-scale exploratory study was designed and executed. Results of interviews with 35 teachers and observations in five classrooms serving children ages 2 1/2 through kindergarten revealed that all classrooms had at least one group time or circle time, usually in the…

McAfee, Oralie

253

Constructions of Early Childhood Education and Care Provision: Negotiating Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drives to increase the number of early childhood education and care places in England have relied on a mixed economy of providers. Yet this is not a free market as policy makers have sought to create a discursive truth of an entrepreneurial provider in order to secure their initial pump priming investment. However, there remain sustainability…

Campbell-Barr, Verity

2014-01-01

254

Kindezi: A Distinctively Africentric Perspective on Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines global approaches to culturally and developmentally appropriate early childhood education, focusing on Kindezi, an Africentric perspective. The paper describes Kindezi as the art of touching, caring for, and protecting children's lives and their environment, based on the Kindezian philosophy that children are a gift of God and…

Lowden, Frances Y.

255

Early Childhood Education: Policy Issues for the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the separation of child-related policy makers from practitioners who know best what is good and appropriate for children, this anthology is designed as a guide for child-related policy development. The book's chapters are as follows: (1) "Early Childhood Policy" (Dolores A. Stegelin), providing an historical context and identifying eight…

Stegelin, Dolores A., Ed.

256

How Do They Manage? An Investigation of Early Childhood Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood (EC) leadership literature indicates few theoretically based studies identifying and testing different models and characteristics of leadership. Objectives were thus to identify, describe and analyse what leadership meant to key EC participants; to consider roles, responsibilities and characteristics; to investigate core…

Aubrey, Carol; Godfrey, Ray; Harris, Alma

2013-01-01

257

Oregon Title 1-M Early Childhood and Elementary Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brief descriptions of Oregon Title 1-M early childhood and elementary education programs for migrant children from infants to grade 8, along with lists of contact persons for each program, include reading, pre-school skill development, English as a second language, individualized instruction, utilization of community services, and parental…

Lugo, Alfredo Morales, Comp.

258

Playing to Learn: A Training Manual for Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for trainers offers a comprehensive child-centered perspective on training field workers in early childhood education. The theme of the role of play in child growth, development, and learning runs throughout the guide while its form, a series of structured exercises to help trainers handle all aspects of the subject, emphasizes the…

Singh, Asha; Swaminathan, Mina

259

Back-to-Basics: Play in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that play is closely tied to cognitive, socioemotional, and physical development. Defines play and gives reasons for its importance in early childhood education, using Parten's (1932) and Smilansky's (1968) categories of play, along with Vygotskian and Piagetian play theories. Discusses the teacher's role as facilitator of classroom play.…

Fox, Jill Englebright

1996-01-01

260

Overseas-Trained Early Childhood Professionals: A Neglected Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observes that increasing numbers of overseas-trained professionals are seeking recognition of their qualifications in Australia. Asserts that only scant consideration has been given to recognizing and supporting skilled migrant early childhood professionals. Explores one type of program that attempts such recognition and makes key recommendations…

Kennedy, Anne

1996-01-01

261

Early Childhood Educational Software: Specific Features and Issues of Localization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The computer has now become a recognized tool in the education of young children and when used appropriately can reinforce their learning experiences. This paper reviews specific features (relating to pedagogic design, software content and user-interface design) of early childhood educational software and discusses issues in favor of its…

Nikolopoulou, Kleopatra

2007-01-01

262

Integrating Concrete and Virtual Manipulatives in Early Childhood Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood teachers around the country and the world guide children's mathematical learning through the use of manipulatives--pattern blocks, base blocks, geoboards, Unifx cubes, Cuisenaire rods, coins, clocks, and so on. Manipulatives allow concrete, hands-on exploration and representation of mathematical concepts. In the past few years,…

Rosen, Dina; Hoffman, Jo

2009-01-01

263

The Emerging Educator: Working in Early Childhood Settings. Book Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the textbook "The Emerging Educator: Working in Early Childhood Settings" by Diane Nyistor and Eva Stelzer Rudick. Maintains that it serves as an introduction to the field, but also suggest that the work would benefit from including Canadian foundations, expanded presentation of personnel policies, employment climate, budget management,…

Chandler, Karen

1998-01-01

264

Including Children with Hearing Loss in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These are typical scenarios of children with hearing loss who are being included increasingly in early childhood settings. Recent federal legislation encourages states to develop programs to screen the hearing of all infants before they leave the hospital, and currently 39 states have adopted newborn infant hearing screening mandates (ASHA 2005).…

Katz, Laurie; Schery, Teris K.

2006-01-01

265

Technology User Groups and Early Childhood Education: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a preliminary examination of the potential of Technology User Groups as a professional development venue for early childhood education professionals in developing operational and functional competence in using hardware and software components of a Technology toolkit. Technology user groups are composed of varying numbers of…

Parette, Howard P.; Hourcade, Jack J.; Blum, Craig; Watts, Emily H.; Stoner, Julia B.; Wojcik, Brian W.; Chrismore, Shannon B.

2013-01-01

266

Early Childhood Education for Sustainability: Recommendations for Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following recommendations for "Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)" in Early Childhood Education were the product of an extended international collaboration that was supported by a number of bodies including the Centre for Environment and Sustainability in Gothenburg, the Swedish Ministry of Education and Research, the Swedish National…

Daries, Julie; Engdahl, Ingrid; Otieno, Lorraine; Pramling-Samuelson, Ingrid; Siraj-Blatchford, John; Vallabh, Priya

2009-01-01

267

Graduate Program for Specialists in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of New Hampshire Department of Education with federal support began in 1969 a tripartite graduate program for the preparation of early childhood specialists. Both experienced and beginning teachers may earn a masters degree while demonstrating theory in the classroom. After a summer of child study, graduate students in teams of two…

Stone, Deborah E.

268

Environmental Education in 2002 and 2006 Early Childhood Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to analyze comparatively 2002 (previous) and 2006 (current) Early Childhood Curricula with regard to concepts and attainments associated with environmental education (EE). 2002 and 2006 preschool curricula were firstly retrieved from the web-site of Board of Education and then subjected to content analysis across 41…

Erdogan, Mehmet; Bahar, Mehmet; Ozel, Ruhan; Erdas, Eda; Usak, Muhammet

2012-01-01

269

Conservation Seeds Activities Book. An Early Childhood Conservation Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activities book is used with an early childhood conservation education program. The activities are presented in four color-coded sections, each section representing one of the four seasons. Each activity includes a statement of purpose, list of materials needed, instructional strategies, and a list of supplementary activities. In addition to…

Griffin, Sherri

270

The Effects of Scarcity and Abundance in Early Childhood Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of scarcity and abundance as they might apply to quality in early childhood programs. Maintains that scarcity limits good teaching and suggests that well-stocked supply areas will reduce hoarding. Argues that having adequate supplies on hand reduces wasted time and stress, and enhances workplace quality of life. (KB)

Packer, Sara

2000-01-01

271

Disabilities in Early Childhood: How Prepared Are Educators?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the state of Indiana, early childhood educators are not required to attain any pre-service education. Typically this means that the people working day to day with children have not been trained to do so, and if there is a child with a disability in the classroom the educators are especially unprepared. The purpose of this research was to…

Spano, Colleen

2010-01-01

272

Early Childhood Education in Nigeria: A Reality or a Mirage?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is the right of every child and must not be denied it for any reason. This has been the assertion of the World Summit on the state of global children, which has led to the inclusion and expansion of early childhood care and education in the global Education for All programme (EFA). As Nigeria has pledged its commitment to this, with the…

Ajayi, Hannah O.

2008-01-01

273

A Long-Term Investment in Pakistan: Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the enormous demand for early childhood education care and education, it remains a privilege for young children in most of the world's nine high population countries, known as the E-9 group (Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria and Pakistan), according to a report published by UNESCO (2003). The World…

Hunzai, Zohra Nisar

2006-01-01

274

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) has become a policy priority in many countries. A growing body of research recognises that it provides a wide range of benefits, including social and economic benefits, better child well-being and learning outcomes as a foundation for lifelong learning, more equitable outcomes and reduction of poverty, and…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

275

Early Parental Adjustment and Bereavement after Childhood Cancer Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study comprehensively explored parental bereavement and adjustment at 6 months post-loss due to childhood cancer. Interviews were conducted with 18 mothers and 13 fathers. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on qualitative methodology. A model describing early parental bereavement and adaptation emerged with 3 domains:…

Barrera, Maru; O'connor, Kathleen; D'Agostino, Norma Mammone; Spencer, Lynlee; Nicholas, David; Jovcevska, Vesna; Tallet, Susan; Schneiderman, Gerald

2009-01-01

276

Child Development, Early Childhood Education and Family Life: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliographical listing of approximately 2500 books on child development, early childhood education and family life was compiled as a resource for parents and students. Books are listed alphabetically by author and are grouped according to the following categories: child development; observation of children; adolescence; language…

Reardon, Beverly, Comp.

277

Early Childhood Special Educators and the Hospital Ethics Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper discusses issues of concern to early childhood special educators serving on hospital ethics committees to assist families with seriously ill and handicapped infants in neonatal intensive care units. Issues include infant euthanasia and the right to life, child abuse legislation, and possible effects on families. (Author/JDD)

Lowenthal, Barbara

1989-01-01

278

Annual Editions: Early Childhood Education 06/07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 27th edition of "Annual Editions: Early Childhood Education" provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for…

Paciorek, Karen Menke, Ed.

2006-01-01

279

A Field Trip Planning Guide for Early Childhood Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a guide for planning field trips for educational engagement of all children in early childhood education settings. Based on interviews, environmental assessments, and evaluations of activities, it includes field trip considerations and a field trip planning guide that includes the teacher, the parents, and the field site…

Martin, Sylvia S.; Seevers, Randy L.

2003-01-01

280

Early Childhood Curriculum and the Definition of Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper delineates conceptions of early childhood programs from the 18th through the 20th centuries, and reveals how the programs changed as the concept of what constitutes knowledge changed. Discussion begins with reading instruction and hornbooks in Colonial America, and national language learning in the knitting school of Jean Frederick…

Spodek, Bernard

281

Acting with the Clock: Clocking Practices in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author addresses intra-actions that take place among humans and non-human others--the physical world, the materials--in early childhood education's everyday practices. Her object of study is the clock. Specifically, she provides an example of what it might mean to account for the intra-activity of the material-discursive…

Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica

2012-01-01

282

The Development of an Early Childhood Teacher Research Collaborative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates young children's understanding of and relationships to their communities and the natural world. Inspired by the pedagogy of Reggio Emilia (Edwards, Gandini, & Forman, 1998) and guided by the concept of documentation as a cycle of inquiry (Gandini & Goldhaber, 2001), a group of early childhood educators from across the…

Goldhaber, Jeanne

2007-01-01

283

Examining the Reggio Emilia Approach to Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights points that guide the Reggio Emilia approach to early childhood education: the learner is a social being who possesses rights and is an active constructor of knowledge; the instructors' role is one of collaborator and co-learner, guiding and facilitating, as well as researching; and knowledge is socially constructed, encompassing…

Hewett, Valarie Mercilliott

2001-01-01

284

Inquiry in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Reflections on Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

As teacher educators we work to make inquiry methodology explicit to help teacher candidates construct the link between theory and practice. Bringing inquiry learning into the early childhood curriculum method courses raises the potential for inquiry teaching practice for teacher candidates and models a constructivist practice in a higher education setting. Of the numerous curriculum studies available, few focus on

Jane T. Broderick; Seong B. Hong

285

Early Childhood Science: Adopting the Reggio Emilia Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the the Reggio Emilia Approach and recommends adopting the curriculum for teaching science in U.S. schools. The underlying philosophy of this approach is its uniqueness within the constructivist paradigm and its potential as an exemplary early childhood program that can be adapted to teach young children science. The educators…

Desouza, Josephine M. Shireen

286

Relational Aggression in Sibling and Peer Relationships during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of siblings ("N" = 50) in the display of physical and relational aggression among peers during early childhood was explored. Specifically, sibling pairs' rates of physical and relational aggression were assessed in their independent social contexts. Findings indicated low to moderate levels of intercorrelation between physical and…

Ostrov, Jamie M.; Crick, Nicki R.; Stauffacher, Kirstin

2006-01-01

287

Teaching Children with ADHD: Icelandic Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medication for the treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has increased tremendously in Iceland during the last decade and the country has now the highest prescription rates for methylphenidate in the world. This study examines Icelandic early childhood teachers' experiences and perspectives of children with behavioural…

Einarsdottir, Johanna

2008-01-01

288

An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second edition of this best-selling textbook provides students and practitioners with a broad introduction to, and critical analysis of, the main theories and issues within the field of early childhood studies. The book adopts a multi-disciplinary approach and pulls together all the key themes involved in the study of young children and…

Maynard, Trisha, Ed.; Thomas, Nigel, Ed.

2009-01-01

289

Singaporean Early Childhood Teachers' Responses to Myths about Child Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to attending seminars on child abuse and domestic violence, 86 kindergarten and 64 special education (early childhood) teachers completed a questionnaire seeking views relating to the accuracy of statements relating to all forms of child abuse. This was designed to identify the accuracy of teachers' knowledge of child abuse and neglect…

Briggs, Freda; Potter, Gillian K.

2004-01-01

290

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Slovak Republic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is a topic of increased policy interest in the Slovak Republic where improving quality in the ECEC sector is a subject of growing importance. The OECD has identified five effective policy levers to encourage quality in the sector: 1) quality goals and regulations; 2) curriculum and guidelines; 3)…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

291

The Early Childhood Education of Disadvantaged Children in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2010, the Chinese government has adopted a series of services and policies to provide early childhood education for disadvantaged children. The rapid economic development and urbanisation process since the mid-1980s have led to great changes in social structure and demographics in China. This creates new challenges for the education of…

Song, Zhanmei; Zhu, Jiaxiong; Xia, Zhuyun; Wu, Xin

2014-01-01

292

Critical Variables in Training Early Childhood Special Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to identify critical variables for designing training programs in early childhood special education. A literature review is presented on training and the adult learner. Important characteristics of training are identified, such as the course design, sequence, content, and adult learning strategies used. Other significant…

Bennett, Teresa C.

293

Effects of Video Interaction Guidance on early childhood teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental study showed that a video feedback intervention improved the interaction skills of early childhood education and care teachers. The teachers who had received the Video Interaction Guidance training appeared more stimulating in their behavior, were more sensitive and more verbally stimulating than teachers from the control group. The training results were still apparent three months after the training.

Ruben G. Fukkink; Louis W. C. Tavecchio

2010-01-01

294

Effects of Video Interaction Guidance on Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental study showed that a video feedback intervention improved the interaction skills of early childhood education and care teachers. The teachers who had received the Video Interaction Guidance training appeared more stimulating in their behavior, were more sensitive and more verbally stimulating than teachers from the control group.…

Fukkink, Ruben G.; Tavecchio, Louis W. C.

2010-01-01

295

Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous works on educators who built the field of early childhood education do not provide the researcher with primary and secondary sources or information on multicultural educators, nor do they discuss some of the more current leading educators. This reference book provides biographies and bibliographies of selected pre-modern and modern men…

Peltzman, Barbara Ruth

296

Flame Retardant Exposures in California Early Childhood Education Environments  

EPA Science Inventory

Infants and young children spend as much as 50 hours per week in child care and preschool centers. Although approximately 13 million children, or 65% of all U.S. children, spend a portion of each day in early childhood education (ECE) facilities, little information is available a...

297

The Advocacy of Educators: Perspectives from Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates early childhood educators' perceptions of advocacy in raising the professional status with multiple stakeholders in diverse contexts. The article reports on findings from a phenomenological study investigating the perceptions of 12 educators working full time in long-day-care settings across Sydney, New South Wales (NSW),…

Mevawalla, Zinnia; Hadley, Fay

2012-01-01

298

Open Listening: Creative Evolution in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article sketches out a philosophy and practice of open listening, linking open listening to Bergson's (1998) concept of creative evolution. I draw on examples of small children at play from a variety of sources, including Reggio-Emilia-inspired preschools in Sweden. The article offers a challenge to early childhood educators to listen and to…

Davies, Bronwyn

2011-01-01

299

Child Care Provider Training Helping Early Childhood Educators  

E-print Network

Child Care Provider Training Helping Early Childhood Educators Provide Quality Care for Today of child care on a regular basis from persons other than their parents (Child Care Aware, 2012). The Texas Workforce Commission estimates that there are over 100,000 child care providers caring for more than 760

300

50+ Activities for Early Childhood Essential Elements. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written as a companion resource to "Early Childhood Essential Elements," a document developed by the Education Service Center, Region VI, Huntsville, Texas, this second volume of a two-volume activity guide provides activities enhancing children's self-help, social/emotional, and creative/expressive skills. The guide also provides a short…

Education Service Center Region 6, Huntsville, TX.

301

50+ Activities for Early Childhood Essential Elements. Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written as a companion resource to "Early Childhood Essential Elements," a document developed by the Education Service Center, Region VI, Huntsville, Texas, this first volume of a two-volume activity guide provides activities enhancing children's cognitive, communication, and motor skills. Activities included in the guide are compiled from a…

Education Service Center Region 6, Huntsville, TX.

302

Greek Parents' Perceptions of Male Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here examined Greek parents' perceptions of barriers to men entering the early childhood education and care profession and their recommendations for recruiting more males into the field. Parents were asked to respond on a Likert scale to statements regarding males' decision to enter the profession, possible benefits for male…

Rentzou, Konstantina

2011-01-01

303

More Alike than Different: Early Childhood Professional Development in Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an early childhood professional development project that took place in the summer of 2005 in Guatemala City. Located in Central America, Guatemala has a population of approximately 12.3 million people, including more than two million children under the age of 5 (UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2007; UNICEF, 2004). Events…

Hardin, Belinda J.; Vardell, Rosemarie; de Castaneda, Albertina

2008-01-01

304

Reconceptualising the "Child": Power and Resistance within Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reconceptualises the postmodern "Child" through the lens of Havel's work on ideology, power and subject formations. Set in an any ideologically charged early childhood setting, it analyses Havel's claim that all citizens, including children, are instrumental in maintaining the ideology of the establishment, and…

Tesar, Marek

2014-01-01

305

Communicating and Thinking through Drawing Activity in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers drawing as a meaning-making activity that takes place in certain sociocultural contexts to find evidence for its communicative potentials as well as the relationship between thought and drawing in early childhood. The researcher challenges traditional views about young children's drawing that focus on the result of the…

Papandreou, Maria

2014-01-01

306

Intellectual Integrity: Examining Common Rituals in Early Childhood Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines two constructs--ritual and intellectual integrity--as they might unfold in early childhood settings. The authors use the popular practices of closed-ended crafts, calendar exercises, and worksheets to highlight the difference between learning experiences that have become formulaic habits and those that reflect rich and potent…

Freeman, Ramona; Swim, Terri Jo

2009-01-01

307

Sustained Attention and Age Predict Inhibitory Control during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive functioning skills develop rapidly during early childhood. Recent research has focused on specifying this development, particularly predictors of executive functioning skills. Here we focus on sustained attention as a predictor of inhibitory control, one key executive functioning component. Although sustained attention and inhibitory…

Reck, Sarah G.; Hund, Alycia M.

2011-01-01

308

Early Childhood Dental Caries. Building Community Systems for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a series of reports designed to support the implementation of Proposition 10: The California Children and Families Act and to provide comprehensive and authoritative information on critical issues concerning young children and families in California, this report describes the scope and severity of early childhood caries (ECC), a…

Platt, Laurence J.; Cabezas, Maritza C.

309

Multicultural Early Childhood Education: Practices and Challenges in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural early childhood education is necessary in a culturally diverse country like Malaysia. Preschool teachers play an important role in implementing multicultural education in the classroom. This paper reports the findings of a self-report questionnaire involving 854 preschool teachers in Malaysia. The preschool teachers disclosed their…

Phoon, Hooi San; Abdullah, Melissa Ng Lee Yen; Abdullah, Anna Christina

2013-01-01

310

New Explorations with Waste Materials in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creativity is innately brought with secret power which can emerge at any time throughout life and be enhanced if fostered. Properly designed art activities serve as a potential for emergence and the enhancement of children's creativities in their early childhood educations. Those children who cannot express their emotions through oral language or…

Uyanik, Ozgun; Inal, Gozde; Calisandemir, Fatma; Can-Yasar, Munevver; Kandir, Adalet

2011-01-01

311

Worms, Shadows and Whirlpools: Science in the Early Childhood Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children develop science knowledge as they observe and act on the world, asking questions, making predictions, testing those predictions, and reflecting on their experiences. This book offers guidance in integrating inquiry-based science into the early childhood curriculum, focusing on content and providing examples of the work of children…

Worth, Karen; Grollman, Sharon

312

Child Care and Cortisol across Early Childhood: Context Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A considerable body of literature suggests that children's child-care experiences may impact adrenocortical functioning in early childhood. Yet emerging findings also suggest that the magnitude and sometimes the direction of child-care effects on development may be markedly different for children from higher risk contexts. Using data from a…

Berry, Daniel; Blair, Clancy; Ursache, Alexandra; Wiloughy, Michael; Garrett-Peters, Patricia; Veron-Feagans, Lynne; Bratsch-Hines, Mary; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Granger, Douglas A.

2014-01-01

313

Early Childhood Professionalism in Serbia: Current Issues and Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores early childhood professionalism in the Republic of Serbia. The concept of professionalism in this context is examined in light of current international debates about professionalism. More specifically, how the use of specific nomenclature, the existence of multi-professional teams of practitioners and state-regulated but…

Bankovic, Ivana

2014-01-01

314

Being Maori: Culturally Relevant Assessment in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern has been raised about the under-achievement of Maori children in education. The problem has tended to be located with Maori children rather than with assessments. Clearly if one takes a sociocultural perspective achievement is situated. Although studies in early childhood education have examined and developed assessment tools and…

Rameka, Lesley Kay

2011-01-01

315

Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care: A cultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that different cultural communities may hold different definitions of “quality” in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) conforming with their respective, culturally valued educational goals and culturally based beliefs regarding practices that facilitate their attainment. Despite the negative implication of stereotyping socio-cultural communities as “individualist” or “collectivist” (Triandis, 1995), the conceptualisation of cultural variations in educational goals

Miriam K. Rosenthal

2003-01-01

316

Social Experiences in Infancy and Early Childhood Co-Sleeping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infancy and early childhood sleep-wake behaviours from current and retrospective parental reports were used to explore the relationship between sleeping arrangements and parent-child nighttime interactions at both time points. Children (N = 45) from educated, middle-class families, mostly breastfed in infancy, composed a convenience sample that…

Hayes, Marie J.; Fukumizu, Michio; Troese, Marcia; Sallinen, Bethany A.; Gilles, Allyson A.

2007-01-01

317

Thinking Ahead: Early Childhood Teachers' Roles into the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses roles of early childhood teachers in the context of a perspective which views the changes that have occurred in the education profession as surface changes only, and which suggests that teachers should not lose connections with the roots of their profession. The value of many past beliefs and practices has been confirmed by…

Veale, Ann

318

Early Childhood Selected Bibliographies Series. Number 4, Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the fourth in a series of six annotated bibliographies relevant to early childhood education. Its general subject is cognition, and i t includes seven subdivisions: intelligence, higher mental processes, cognitive style, experimental studies of learning, concept development, perception and recognition, and motivation. Each of the…

Illinois Univ., Urbana, National Lab. on Early Childhood Education.

319

The Social and Political Construction of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyse two foundational social problems regarding early childhood education. The first, in the late nineteenth century, is infant mortality, a social problem that constituted the historical legitimation for the first creches. The second, the prevention of school failure, is very topical today. By analysing these examples in their historicity,…

Vandenbroeck, Michel; Coussee, Filip; Bradt, Lieve

2010-01-01

320

MAJOR: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT & FAMILY STUDIES (HDFS) EMPHASIS: EARLY CHILDHOOD EDCUATION  

E-print Network

MAJOR: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT & FAMILY STUDIES (HDFS) EMPHASIS: EARLY CHILDHOOD EDCUATION Minimum HDFS (11 Credit Hours) F, S, SU FCS 3200 Research Methods 4 F, S, SU FCS 3210 Statistics (QB/QI) 4 F, S, SU 2. HDFS CORE (6 Credit Hours) F, S, SU FCS 1500 Human Development Across the Lifespan (BF) 3 F, S

Tipple, Brett

321

Beliefs about the Importance of Use of Developmentally Appropriate Practices among Early Childhood Teachers in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores beliefs of Asian Indian teachers regarding the importance of use of developmentally appropriate practices in early childhood classrooms. A total of 178 Asian Indian early childhood teachers working in various early childhood classrooms in the southern part of India participated in the study. The teachers filled out a…

Jambunathan, Sai

2005-01-01

322

New Teachers for a New Century: The Future of Early Childhood Professional Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that a well-prepared teacher is one of the keys to young children's successful learning and development in early childhood settings, this book examines the nature and content of current early childhood professional preparation programs at the preservice level, describes high quality early childhood professional preparation, and…

Horm-Wingerd, Diane, Ed.; Hyson, Marilou, Ed.

323

Gender issues in early childhood science and technology education in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science and technology education within the early childhood field has received the minimum of attention by the general research community. As a result, early childhood educators have had to look to their better established colleagues in the primary and secondary fields, where some research information is currently available. Early childhood practitioners in Australia have little information available to guide them

Marilyn Fleer

1990-01-01

324

The development of early childhood education in rural areas in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood education has developed greatly in rural areas in China since the 1980s. Recognising the status of early childhood education as ‘the foundation of basic education’, the authorities in China have set up challenging objectives for rural areas. However, the development of early childhood education in these areas has been facing tremendous difficulties and challenges. This paper provides an

Lin Zhao; Xinyun Hu

2008-01-01

325

The Power and Possibilities of Performative Critical Early Childhood Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

While early childhood education programs seek to provide the tools to work with children and explore content, many fail to address the social and emotional contexts in which early childhood education occurs. This is evident in the seldom addressed topic of collaboration between lead teachers and assistant teachers in the early childhood classroom. In this study, we found that as

Mariana Souto-Manning; Melisa Cahnmann-Taylor; Jaime Dice; Jennifer Wooten

2008-01-01

326

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Early Childhood Education Bachelor of Science in Education  

E-print Network

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH of the term ECED 10120 Introduction to Early Childhood Services 2 C EPSY 29525 Educational Psychology 3 C MATH

Sheridan, Scott

327

Title: CSU Early Childhood Center Teachers Open Pool Employment Type: Academic Faculty  

E-print Network

Title: CSU Early Childhood Center Teachers ­ Open Pool Employment Type: Academic Faculty College positions within the Early Childhood Center working with young children between the ages of 6 weeks to 6 Early Childhood Center eccinfo@colostate.edu. This pool is valid through June 30, 2015, at which time

Barnes, Elizabeth A.

328

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE] College experiential learning requirement #12;Roadmap: Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH Friday of the term ECED 10120 Introduction to Early Childhood Services 2 C EPSY 29525 Educational

Sheridan, Scott

329

Levels of Number 1 Running head: LEVELS OF NUMBER KNOWLEDGE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD  

E-print Network

Levels of Number 1 Running head: LEVELS OF NUMBER KNOWLEDGE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD Levels of Number Knowledge in Early Childhood Barbara W. Sarnecka and Michael D. Lee University of California, Irvine Author of Number 3 Levels of Number Knowledge in Early Childhood Children learn to count (i.e., to recite

Stanford, Kyle

330

MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING: EARLY CHILDHOOD (PRE K-3) PROGRAM OF STUDY  

E-print Network

hrs) (SP) EDEE 638 Mathematics and Science in Early Childhood Education (3 hrs) (FA) * PrerequisiteMASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING: EARLY CHILDHOOD (PRE K-3) PROGRAM OF STUDY SIGNATURES REQUIRED concurrentlyEDEE 617 Language, Literature, and Literacy for Early Childhood (3 hrs) (FA) FOCUS AREA II

Young, Paul Thomas

331

Towards the Emergence of a Critical Ecology of the Early Childhood Profession in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 10-year strategic plan for early childhood education introduced by the New Zealand Ministry of Education in 2002 included policies to create a teacher-led early childhood profession by 2012. This article reviews the provisions of the strategic plan and argues that it emerged from a critical ecology of the early childhood profession with a…

Dalli, Carmen

2010-01-01

332

The Development of Early Childhood Education in Rural Areas in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education has developed greatly in rural areas in China since the 1980s. Recognising the status of early childhood education as "the foundation of basic education", the authorities in China have set up challenging objectives for rural areas. However, the development of early childhood education in these areas has been facing…

Zhao, Lin; Hu, Xinyun

2008-01-01

333

Examining the Chicago Early Childhood Teacher Pipeline. Policy Research: IERC 2010-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the author and her colleagues examined the higher education pipeline of Early Childhood teachers in Chicago in order to make recommendations for strategies to increase the number of qualified Early Childhood teachers. Key findings of this study include: (1) The Chicago Early Childhood Education (ECE) pipeline for undergraduate…

Klostermann, Brenda K.

2010-01-01

334

Smart Boards to Chalkboards: Professional Development for Early Childhood Teachers in Rural East Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the teaching strategies of early childhood development teachers in rural East Africa. Teams of early childhood educators from the United States presented professional development conferences for East African Early Childhood Development teachers during the summers of 2007 and 2008. The conferences introduced…

Williams, Jeanne

2012-01-01

335

Children Our Concern: The Journal of the Early Childhood Association of Florida, Inc., 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the two issues "Children our Concern" published in 1999-2000. This journal for Florida early childhood education practitioners provides information on current issues in early childhood education, educational practices, and activities of the Early Childhood Association of Florida (ECA of FL). Regular features in each…

Gellens, Suzanne, Ed.

2000-01-01

336

An Analysis of New Zealand's Changing History, Policies and Approaches to Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Zealand has an internationally unique approach to early childhood education, which includes a bicultural early childhood curriculum, a robust infrastructure of organisation and management overseen by the New Zealand Ministry of Education, and a growing reputation for innovation in early childhood teaching and learning. This paper examines how…

McLachlan, Claire

2011-01-01

337

Teacher Education in Pakistan: Analysis of Planning Issues in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the status of teacher education and early childhood education in Pakistan. The paper analyzes planning issues in early childhood teacher education by examining education policies and existing practices in early childhood teacher education in Pakistan. Initiatives taken at public and private levels in Pakistan are also…

Hunzai, Zohra Nisar

2009-01-01

338

Measurement Quality of the Chinese Early Childhood Program Rating Scale: An Investigation Using Multivariate Generalizability Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adapted from the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised, the Chinese Early Childhood Program Rating Scale (CECPRS) is a culturally comparable measure for assessing the quality of early childhood education and care programs in the Chinese cultural/social contexts. In this study, 176 kindergarten classrooms were rated with CECPRS on eight…

Chen, Dezhi; Hu, Bi Ying; Fan, Xitao; Li, Kejian

2014-01-01

339

Building Blocks for early childhood mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building Blocks is a National Science Foundation-funded project designed to enable all young children to build a solid foundation for mathematics. To ensure this, we used a design and development model that drew from theory and research in each phase. Our design process is based on the assumption that curriculum and software design can and should have an explicit theoretical

Julie Sarama; Douglas H. Clements

2004-01-01

340

Precursors of adolescent substance use from early childhood and early adolescence: testing a developmental cascade model.  

PubMed

This study examined developmentally salient risk and protective factors of adolescent substance use assessed during early childhood and early adolescence using a sample of 310 low-income boys. Child problem behavior and proximal family risk and protective factors (i.e., parenting and maternal depression) during early childhood, as well as child and family factors and peer deviant behavior during adolescence, were explored as potential precursors to later substance use during adolescence using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that early childhood risk and protective factors (i.e., child externalizing problems, mothers' depressive symptomatology, and nurturant parenting) were indirectly related to substance use at the age of 17 via risk and protective factors during early and middle adolescence (i.e., parental knowledge and externalizing problems). The implications of these findings for early prevention and intervention are discussed. PMID:24029248

Sitnick, Stephanie L; Shaw, Daniel S; Hyde, Luke W

2014-02-01

341

Precursors of Adolescent Substance Use from Early Childhood and Early Adolescence: Testing a Developmental Cascade Model  

PubMed Central

This study examined developmentally-salient risk and protective factors of adolescent substance use assessed during early childhood and early adolescence using a sample of 310 low-income boys. Child problem behavior and proximal family risk and protective factors (i.e., parenting, maternal depression) during early childhood, as well as child and family factors and peer deviant behavior during adolescence were explored as potential precursors to later substance use during adolescence using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that early childhood risk and protective factors (i.e., child externalizing problems, mothers’ depressive symptomatology, and nurturant parenting) were indirectly related to substance use at the age of 17 via risk and protective factors during early and middle adolescence (i.e., parental knowledge and externalizing problems). The implications of these findings for early prevention and intervention are discussed. PMID:24029248

Sitnick, Stephanie; Shaw, Daniel S.; Hyde, Luke

2013-01-01

342

The Current State of Early Childhood Education Programs: How Early Childhood Center Directors Manage Their Human Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Research in the field of early childhood education (ECE) demonstrated the association between skilled directors and high quality programs. Still, most state licensing requirements do not delineate the requisite knowledge or experience necessary to be an effective director. Many ECE directors advance to their position directly from the…

Arend, Lauren E.

2010-01-01

343

Early Childhood Education for the San in Namibia: The Working Group of Indigenous Minorities Early Childhood Development Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Working Group of Indigenous Minorities in Southern Africa (WIMSA) has been working to improve conditions for San communities since 1996. San communities in Namibia have an extremely high dropout rate compared to all other populations in the country, and one of WIMSA's most important areas of focus is education. Early Childhood Development…

Haraseb, Victoria

2011-01-01

344

Twelve Best Practices for Early Childhood Education: Integrating Reggio and Other Inspired Approaches. Early Childhood Education Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In her new book, popular author Ann Lewin-Benham draws on her intimate knowledge and experience with the Reggio Approach to present 12 "best practices" inspired not only by Reggio, but also by play-based and Montessori approaches to early childhood education. These practices are demonstrated, one per chapter, with scenarios from classrooms,…

Lewin-Benham, Ann

2011-01-01

345

Improving Urban Student Achievement Through Early Childhood Reform: What State Policymakers Can Do. Issue Paper. Early Childhood Reform Issue Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For over four decades, American policymakers have focused their attention on readying young children for school. Despite noble policy efforts, durable investments and a persistent belief in the ability of early childhood education to offset social inequities, significant challenges exist for America's urban young children as they enter school.…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn

2004-01-01

346

34 CFR 674.58 - Cancellation for service in an early childhood education program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM...service in an early childhood education program. (a)(1...early mathematics), social, emotional, and physical...

2010-07-01

347

"Race" and Early Childhood Education: An International Approach to Identity, Politics, and Pedagogy. Critical Cultural Studies of Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the prominence of "race" in the lives of young children and their early childhood educators. It critiques the often presumed racial innocence of young children and shows instead how young children actively engage with the politics of race as they form their own identities. It challenges early childhood educators to engage with…

Mac Naughton, Glenda, Ed.; Davis, Karina, Ed.

2009-01-01

348

Early Childhood Education: A Projection for 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper projects an image of the future from the present to early in the next century and provides a scenario of a day spent in a school for young children in 2001. The image of the future is based on a chronicle of events which might conceivably happen. The scenario, set in one particular time and place in the future, describes what early

LeVasseur, Natalie P.

349

Early Childhood Education: Babies Are Everybody's Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A movement is building that favors creating a national network of high-quality early education and care systems that begin at birth. It makes sense. Promoting positive early learning experiences, healthy caregivers, and a connection between families and community resources can reverse rising rates of expulsion, high school dropouts, and the need…

Cox, Kitt

2009-01-01

350

Recruitment for Health Disparities Preventive Intervention Trials: The Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers  

PubMed Central

Background Four trials of interventions designed to prevent early childhood caries are using community-engagement strategies to improve recruitment of low-income, racial/ethnic minority participants. The trials are being implemented by 3 centers funded by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research and known as the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers (EC4): the Center for Native Oral Health Research at the University of Colorado, the Center to Address Disparities in Children’s Oral Health at the University of California San Francisco, and the Center for Research to Evaluate and Eliminate Dental Disparities at Boston University. Community Context The community contexts for the EC4 trials include urban public housing developments, Hispanic communities near the US–Mexican border, and rural American Indian reservations. These communities have a high prevalence of early childhood caries, suggesting the need for effective, culturally acceptable interventions. Methods Each center’s intervention(s) used community-based participatory research approaches, identified community partners, engaged the community through various means, and developed communication strategies to enhance recruitment. Outcome All 3 centers have completed recruitment. Each center implemented several new strategies and approaches to enhance recruitment efforts, such as introducing new communication techniques, using media such as radio and newspapers to spread awareness about the studies, and hosting community gatherings. Interpretation Using multiple strategies that build trust in the community, are sensitive to cultural norms, and are adaptable to the community environment can enhance recruitment in underserved communities. PMID:25101490

Casciello, Alana; Gansky, Stuart A.; Henshaw, Michelle; Ramos-Gomez, Francisco; Rasmussen, Margaret; Garcia, Raul I.; Albino, Judith; Batliner, Terrence S.

2014-01-01

351

Prosocial action in very early childhood.  

PubMed

We tested a model of prosocial development, which predicted that prosocial action might decline, not increase, throughout childhood, becoming increasingly selective, individual, gender-related, and linked to emotional dysregulation. Sixty-six focal children at 18, 24, or 30 months of age were observed at home with familiar peers and then again 6 months later. Episodes of peer interaction were analysed for instances of sharing. The predicted decline in sharing with age was qualified by cohort differences and many associations with gender. Most children shared less as they grew older, but the oldest girls slightly increased their rate of sharing over time. As peer relationships developed, girls were more likely to share with other girls; boys were more likely to show reciprocity in sharing. Individual differences in sharing were moderately stable over time and linked to another form of prosocial action, sensitivity to the peer's distress. As predicted, children who shared at higher rates were rated more negatively by their mothers. The positive relationship between prosocial action and mothers' ratings of negative personality traits was especially strong for boys. PMID:10509885

Hay, D F; Castle, J; Davies, L; Demetriou, H; Stimson, C A

1999-09-01

352

Using the Autism Detection in Early Childhood (ADEC) and Childhood Autism Rating Scales (CARS) to Predict Long Term Outcomes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the predictive validity of the Autism Detection in Early Childhood (ADEC; Young, Autism detection in early childhood: ADEC. Australian Council of Educational Research, Camberwell, VIC 2007) and a well-established screening tool, the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS; Schopler et al. The childhood autism rating scale (CARS).…

Nah, Yong-Hwee; Young, Robyn L.; Brewer, Neil

2014-01-01

353

Early Childhood Violence Prevention. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that all Americans are stakeholders in the quest to prevent violence in the critical early years, this Digest focuses on preventing violence in children's lives and suggests ways caregivers, parents, and teachers can reduce the damaging effects of violence. Even before a child is born, violence can have a profound effect upon its life.…

Massey, Marilyn S.

354

International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this chapter Dr. Cochran uses an empirically based overarching conceptual framework linking historical patterns, current policy goals and intervening influences as a tool for understanding the policy and program outcomes manifested in the early education programs of representative Western countries (Australia, France, Italy, Sweden). Policy…

Cochran, Moncrieff

2011-01-01

355

Examining the Challenges Early Childhood Teacher Candidates Face in Figuring Their Roles as Early Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal, state, and local policy makers' high-stakes standards-based accountability reforms are transforming the early childhood teacher education process. These reforms affect how early education teacher candidates figure their role as teachers. By employing Holland, Lachicotte, Skinner, and Cain's conception of figured worlds to analyze the…

Brown, Christopher P.; Feger, Beth Smith

2010-01-01

356

Evaluation of Young Children for Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical assistance document provides guidelines for child assessment and eligibility determination for early intervention and early childhood special education programs in Oregon. An overview of the assessment process explains screening, eligibility evaluation, and assessment for the Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP). Legal requirements…

Allen, Diana

357

The Differential Role of Initiative and Persistence in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship of two important learning behaviors, persistence and initiative, and three- to five-year-old low-income preschool children?s school readiness outcomes. The sample consisted of 196 children from two urban Head Start Centers in a large Head Start Program in the Southeast. Initiative was measured by the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment and persistence by the Preschool Learning Behavior

Michelle Filomena Maier

2008-01-01

358

Generalization of learning: an essential consideration in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substantial research indicates that generalization of learning does not occur automatically and that special techniques are\\u000a frequently required to promote skill generalization. Particular problems with generalization have been observed among readiness,\\u000a preacademic, prerequisite, and generic skill training tasks that are common to early childhood curricula. The paper describes\\u000a the nature of stimulus and response generalization, and identifies a number of

David Baine; Elizabeth Starr

1991-01-01

359

Supporting Technological Thinking: Block Play in Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter draws on the findings of a research study in two early childhood centres that examined how young children can\\u000a best be supported to develop technological thinking and design skills in their play with blocks. The research was informed\\u000a by sociocultural\\/cultural-historical theory and used an interactionist approach, paying particular attention to semiotic mediation,\\u000a and the manner in which talk,

Jill Robbins; Beverley Jane; Jacinta Bartlett

360

Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Early Childhood Onset Depression  

PubMed Central

Objective Adult major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with reduced cortico-limbic functional connectivity thought to indicate decreased top-down control of emotion. However, it is unclear whether such connectivity alterations are also present in early childhood onset MDD. Method Fifty-one children ages 7–11 years, prospectively studied since preschool age, completed resting state fMRI and were assigned to four groups: 1) C-MDD (N=13) personal history of early childhood onset MDD; 2) M-MDD (N=11) a maternal history of affective disorders; 3) CM-MDD (N=13) both maternal and early childhood onset MDD or 4) CON (N=14) without either a personal or maternal history. We used seed-based resting state functional connectivity (rsfcMRI) analysis in an independent sample of adults to identify networks showing both positive (e.g., limbic regions) and negative (e.g., dorsal frontal/parietal regions) connectivity with the amygdala. These regions were then used in ROI based analyses of our child sample. Results We found a significant interaction between maternal affective disorder history and the child's MDD history for both positive and negative rsfcMRI networks. Specifically, when copared to CON, we found reduced connectivity between the amygdala and the “Negative Network” in children with C-MDD, M-MDD and CM-MDD. Children with either C-MDD or a maternal history of MDD (but not CM-MDD) displayed reduced connectivity between the amygdala and the “Positive Network”. Conclusions Our finding of an attenuated relationship between the amygdala, a region affected in MDD and involved in emotion processing, and cognitive control regions is consistent with a hypothesis of altered regulation of emotional processing in C-MDD suggesting developmental continuity of this alteration into early childhood. PMID:21961777

Luking, Katherine R.; Repovs, Grega; Belden, Andy C.; Gaffrey, Michael S.; Botteron, Kelly N.; Luby, Joan L.; Barch, Deanna M.

2011-01-01

361

Examining the Reggio Emilia Approach to Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reggio Emilia, a prosperous region in Northern Italy, is the site of one of the most innovative, high-quality city-run infant-toddler and pre-primary systems in the world. The Reggio Emilia Approach to early childhood education draws from the ideas of many great thinkers, yet it is much more than an eclectic mix of theories. With that in mind, the following points

Valarie Mercilliott Hewett

2001-01-01

362

An Ecological Risk Model for Early Childhood Anxiety: The Importance of Early Child Symptoms and Temperament  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood anxiety is impairing and associated with later emotional disorders. Studying risk factors for child anxiety may\\u000a allow earlier identification of at-risk children for prevention efforts. This study applied an ecological risk model to address\\u000a how early childhood anxiety symptoms, child temperament, maternal anxiety and depression symptoms, violence exposure, and\\u000a sociodemographic risk factors predict school-aged anxiety symptoms. This longitudinal, prospective

Nicholas D. Mian; Laurel Wainwright; Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan; Alice S. Carter

2011-01-01

363

An Exploratory Investigation of Frequently Cited Articles from the Early Childhood Intervention Literature, 1994 to 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored frequently cited articles across four peer-reviewed journals in early intervention (EI) and early childhood special education (ECSE). The Social Sciences Citation Index was used to examine journal articles from 1994 to 2005 in "Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Infants and Young Children," the "Journal of Early

Pool, Juli Lull; Macy, Marisa; McManus, Suzanne Bells; Noh, Jina

2008-01-01

364

Cost Study of the Saint Paul Early Childhood Scholarship Program. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2008, the Minnesota Early Learning Foundation created the Saint Paul Early Childhood Scholarship Program, a pilot program to provide families with scholarships to cover the cost of high-quality early childhood education (ECE) programs. Although there is a large body of research about the benefits of preschool specifically and early learning…

Schwartz, Heather L.; Karoly, Lynn A.

2011-01-01

365

Community Endowment Funds for Early Care and Education. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that most early care and education programs do not have adequate resources to achieve high quality, this report examines the potential of community-based endowment funds for early care and education. Section 1 of the report provides general background information about endowments, their uses, characteristics of successful endowment-building…

Monroe, Helen

366

It's Not Rocket Science: The Perspectives of Indigenous Early Childhood Workers on Supporting the Engagement of Indigenous Families in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings from semi-structured interviews with six Indigenous Australian early childhood workers who were asked about how Indigenous families might be better supported to engage with early childhood education and care services. The workers identified three key barriers to family participation: transport difficulties, family…

Grace, Rebekah; Trudgett, Michelle

2012-01-01

367

Improving the Quality of Early Childhood Education in Chile: Tensions between Public Policy and Teacher Discourses over the Schoolarisation of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article problematises emerging tensions in Chile, in relation to the discourses of early childhood teachers and public policies aimed at improving the quality of early childhood education. The aim of the analysis is to contribute to developing more nuanced understandings of these tensions, through the analytical lenses provided by the…

Pardo, Marcela; Woodrow, Christine

2014-01-01

368

Grant Title: CHILDHOOD OBESITY PREVENTION Funding Opportunity Number: USDA-NIFA-AFRI-004156. CFDA Number(s): 10.310.  

E-print Network

Grant Title: CHILDHOOD OBESITY PREVENTION Funding Opportunity Number: USDA-NIFA-AFRI-004156. CFDA, including food environment, that influence childhood obesity and use this information to develop and obesity and promoting healthy behaviors in children and adolescents. Release and Expiration: Release Date

Farritor, Shane

369

Early Childhood Guided Tour: Promoting Language and Literacy Among Young Students with Developmental Disabilities in Early Childhood Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center to Improve Practice in Special Education through Technology, Media and Materials has made a guided tour through two Early Childhood (age 3 to 7) classes available via the Web. The classes, in Brockton, Massachussetts, and Wade County, North Carolina, exemplify: "engineering the classroom environment to optimize access to learning; modifying instructional strategies, materials, and tools to meet individual needs; integrating the curriculum through theme-based learning; and embedding assessment in all classroom activities." The site provides a "bus tour" through free choice, circle time, small group activities, and story time, complete with text, photos, and Quicktime videos, to show users how these classes achieve their goals, while at the same time vividly demonstrating the challenges of providing Early Childhood Special Education.

Merkell, Susan.; Smith, Barbara.

370

Should Science be Taught in Early Childhood?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This essay considers the question of why we should teach science to K-2. After initial consideration of two traditional reasons for studying science, six assertions supporting the idea that even small children should be exposed to science are given. These are, in order: (1) Children naturally enjoy observing and thinking about nature. (2) Exposing students to science develops positive attitudes towards science. (3) Early exposure to scientific phenomena leads to better understanding of the scientific concepts studied later in a formal way. (4) The use of scientifically informed language at an early age influences the eventual development of scientific concepts. (5) Children can understand scientific concepts and reason scientifically. (6) Science is an efficient means for developing scientific thinking. Concrete illustrations of some of the ideas discussed in this essay, particularly, how language and prior knowledge may influence the development of scientific concepts, are then provided. The essay concludes by emphasizing that there is a window of opportunity that educators should exploit by presenting science as part of the curriculum in both kindergarten and the first years of primary school.

Eshach, Haim; Fried, Michael N.

2005-09-01

371

Early childhood risk and resilience factors for behavioural and emotional problems in middle childhood  

PubMed Central

Background Mental disorders in childhood have a considerable health and societal impact but the associated negative consequences may be ameliorated through early identification of risk and protective factors that can guide health promoting and preventive interventions. The objective of this study was to inform health policy and practice through identification of demographic, familial and environmental factors associated with emotional or behavioural problems in middle childhood, and the predictors of resilience in the presence of identified risk factors. Methods A cohort of 706 mothers followed from early pregnancy was surveyed at six to eight years post-partum by a mail-out questionnaire, which included questions on demographics, children’s health, development, activities, media and technology, family, friends, community, school life, and mother’s health. Results Although most children do well in middle childhood, of 450 respondents (64% response rate), 29.5% and 25.6% of children were found to have internalising and externalising behaviour problem scores in the lowest quintile on the NSCLY Child Behaviour Scales. Independent predictors for problem behaviours identified through multivariable logistic regression modelling included being male, demographic risk, maternal mental health risk, poor parenting interactions, and low parenting morale. Among children at high risk for behaviour problems, protective factors included high maternal and child self-esteem, good maternal emotional health, adequate social support, good academic performance, and adequate quality parenting time. Conclusions These findings demonstrate that several individual and social resilience factors can counter the influence of early adversities on the likelihood of developing problem behaviours in middle childhood, thus informing enhanced public health interventions for this understudied life course phase. PMID:24986740

2014-01-01

372

Children's Literature and Early Literacy Success: Using the Charlotte Zolotow Award Collection in Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education (PK-2) has become a site of increasing accountability, with the attempt to normalize instruction through "scientifically based" reading programs. The use of authentic children's literature for early literacy instruction is often pushed aside in lieu of highly scripted commercial programs. As early childhood teacher…

Hassett, Dawnene D.

2009-01-01

373

Posttraumatic stress disorder in early childhood: classification and diagnostic issues  

PubMed Central

The 0–3 diagnostic classification of infant mental health, on the basis of DSM-IV-R, describes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a pattern of symptoms that may be shown by children who have experienced a single traumatic event, a series of connected traumatic events, or chronic, enduring stress situations. This definition, related to young children, needs the consideration of several factors to understand the child's symptoms, organize the diagnostic process, and realize clinical interventions. In this sense, the clinician must appreciate the classification criteria of PTSD in early childhood in the context of the child's age, temperament, and developmental level. This report presents a review of the research in the domain of the PTSD in early childhood with particular attention to the developmental considerations to define critical diagnostic criteria, specifically organized on the child characteristics, competences, and needs. Along this line, it will describe two proposed modifications of the diagnostic classification in childhood: the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Alternative Algorithm (PTSD-AA) and the definition of developmental trauma disorder (DTD). PMID:24371512

Simonelli, Alessandra

2013-01-01

374

Multilevel analysis of air pollution and early childhood neurobehavioral development.  

PubMed

To investigate the association between the ambient air pollution levels during the prenatal and postnatal stages and early childhood neurobehavioral development, our study recruited 533 mother-infant pairs from 11 towns in Taiwan. All study subjects were asked to complete childhood neurobehavioral development scales and questionnaires at 6 and 18 months. Air pollution, including particulate matter ?10 ?m (PM10), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), and hydrocarbons, was measured at air quality monitoring stations in the towns where the subjects lived. Multilevel analyses were applied to assess the association between air pollution and childhood neurobehavioral development during pregnancy and when the children were 0 to 6 months, 7 to 12 months, and 13 to 18 months old. At 18 months, poor subclinical neurodevelopment in early childhood is associated with the average SO2 exposure of prenatal, during all trimesters of pregnancy and at postnatal ages up to 12 months (first trimester ? = -0.083, se = 0.030; second and third trimester ? = -0.114, se = 0.045; from birth to 12 months of age ? = -0.091, se = 0.034). Furthermore, adverse gross motor below average scores at six months of age were associated with increased average non-methane hydrocarbon, (NMHC) levels during the second and third trimesters (? = -8.742, se = 3.512). Low-level SO2 exposure prenatally and up to twelve months postnatal could cause adverse neurobehavioral effects at 18 months of age. Maternal NMHC exposure during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy would be also associated with poor gross motor development in their children at 6 months of age. PMID:24992486

Lin, Ching-Chun; Yang, Shih-Kuan; Lin, Kuan-Chia; Ho, Wen-Chao; Hsieh, Wu-Shiun; Shu, Bih-Ching; Chen, Pau-Chung

2014-07-01

375

Neonatal and early childhood outcomes following early vs later preterm premature rupture of membranes  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Data regarding long-term outcomes of neonates reaching viability following early preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM; <25.0 weeks at rupture) are limited. We hypothesized that babies delivered after early PPROM would have increased rates of major childhood morbidity compared with those with later PPROM (?25.0 weeks at rupture). STUDY DESIGN This was a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized controlled trial of magnesium sulfate vs placebo for cerebral palsy prevention. Women with singletons and PPROM of 15-32 weeks were included. All women delivered at 24.0 weeks or longer. Those with PPROM less than 25.0 weeks (cases) were compared with women with PPROM at 25.0-31.9 weeks (controls). Composite severe neonatal morbidity (sepsis, severe intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, severe necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and/or death) and composite severe childhood morbidity at age 2 years (moderate or severe cerebral palsy and/or Bayley II Infant and Toddler Development scores greater than 2 SD below the mean) were compared. RESULTS A total of 1531 women (275 early PPROM cases) were included. Demographics were similar between the groups. Cases delivered earlier (26.6 vs 30.1 weeks, P < .001) and had a longer rupture-to-delivery interval (20.0 vs 10.4 days, P < .001). Case neonates had high rates of severe composite neonatal morbidity (75.6% vs 21.8%, P < .001). Children with early PPROM had higher composite severe childhood morbidity (51.6% vs 22.5%, P < .001). Early PPROM remained associated with composite severe childhood morbidity in multivariable models, even when controlling for delivery gestational age and other confounders. CONCLUSION Early PPROM is associated with high rates of neonatal morbidity. Early childhood outcomes at age 2 years remain poor compared with those delivered after later PPROM. PMID:24858202

Manuck, Tracy Ann; Varner, Michael Walter

2014-01-01

376

MODELING THE EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD INTERVENTION VARIABLES ON PARENT AND FAMILY WELL-BEING1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the effects of family, child, and both early childhood intervention process and structural variables on parent and family well- being in a sample of 250 parents involved in birth to age three early childhood intervention programs. Family SES and income had direct positive effects, family-centered early intervention practices had direct and indirect positive

Carl J. DUNST; Deborah W. HAMBY; Jeffri BROOKFIELD

377

A Program-Wide Model of Positive Behavior Support in Early Childhood Settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing need exists in the field of early intervention for effective approaches to address challenging behavior in early childhood settings. This need is driven by the growing number of preschool children reported to have challenging behavior and the increasing knowledge base about the long-term outcomes for children who engage in problem behavior during the early childhood years. Teachers report

Mary Louise Hemmeter; Lise Fox; Susan Jack; Linda Broyles

2007-01-01

378

Showing that Early Childhood Education Works: Lessons from Italy, China, and the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lessons from around the world; What does it matter about early childhood education? Why the controversy about public support for early childhood education? What process or system should be used to determine what works in early education? Can the same process be used to improve services? What is the role of government? Alternatives: 1. Consumers should determine… (What happens when

Carolyn P Edwards

2005-01-01

379

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE] College for Advanced Study by the second Friday of the term ECED 10120 Introduction to Early Childhood Services 2 C for the Preschool Child 3 C ECED 30147 Early Experiences in Mathematics and Science 3 C ECED 30142 Partnerships

Sheridan, Scott

380

Early Childhood Research Quarterly 19 (2004) 150158 Science learning pathways for young children  

E-print Network

Early Childhood Research Quarterly 19 (2004) 150­158 Science learning pathways for young children; Mental structures; Early science education 1. Introduction The last several decades of developmental by Elsevier Inc. doi:10.1016/j.ecresq.2004.01.009 #12;R. Gelman, K. Brenneman / Early Childhood Research

Pylyshyn, Zenon

381

Early Childhood Workforce Preparation in New York State: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key component of a quality early care and education system for young children is the early childhood workforce--teachers and others who work directly with children, as well as directors and administrators. This paper explores a number of issues central to early childhood teacher education in New York State. The paper first describes the…

Lekies, Kristi S.; Cochran, Mon

382

Early Childhood Pre-Service Students' Transitioning into Discourses of Professional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this study is to investigate early childhood students' discourses of play-based curriculum. In this paper we focus on how students made implicit and explicit links to the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF). Twenty-six early childhood students had volunteered their de-identified play and pedagogy…

Quinones, Gloria; Ridgway, Avis

2015-01-01

383

Rights of the Child and Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Securing the rights articulated in the Convention is an effective approach to improving the quality of early experiences." This article analyses early childhood education and care and child rights in early childhood and their relationship in the European Union. Both are primarily national competencies. The EU has limited access and tools to…

Herczog, Maria

2012-01-01

384

Childhood Risk Factors for Early-Onset Drinking*  

PubMed Central

Objective: There is relatively little research on the childhood antecedent predictors of early-onset alcohol use. This study examined an array of psychosocial variables assessed at age 10 and reflecting Problem Behavior Theory as potential antecedent risk factors for the initiation of alcohol use at age 14 or younger. Method: A sample of 452 children (238 girls) ages 8 or 10 and their families was drawn from Allegheny County, PA, using targeted-age directory sampling and random-digit dialing procedures. Children and parents were interviewed using computer-assisted interviews. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine the age-10 univariate and multivariate predictors of the initiation of alcohol use by age 14 or younger. Results: Twenty-five percent of the sample reported having more than a sip or a taste of alcohol in their life by age 14. Sex, race, and age cohort did not relate to early drinking status. Children with two parents were less likely to initiate drinking early. Early initiation of drinking related significantly to an array of antecedent risk factors (personality, social environment, and behavioral) assessed at age 10 that reflect psychosocial proneness for problem behavior. In the multivariate model, the variables most predictive of early-onset drinking were having a single parent, sipping or tasting alcohol by age 10, having parents who also started drinking at an early age, and parental drinking frequency. Conclusions: Initiation of alcohol use by age 14 reflects childhood psychosocial proneness to engage in problem behavior as measured by Problem Behavior Theory and having a family environment conducive to alcohol use. PMID:21906502

Donovan, John E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.

2011-01-01

385

Moving toward a Comprehensive Early Childhood System in Hawaii: An Analysis of the Fiscal Resources Supporting Young Children, Prenatal to Age Five and Their Families, in Fiscal 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A strong early childhood system that is well funded, fully coordinated, and highly accountable is essential to a state's long-term economic health. Significant research during the past decade has identified short- and long-term benefits to children, families, and communities when young children arrive at school healthy and ready to learn.…

Connors-Tadros, Lori; Silloway, Torey; Mayman, Jennifer; Dahlin, Melissa

2012-01-01

386

Early childhood WIC participation, cognitive development and academic achievement.  

PubMed

For the 22% of American children who live below the federal poverty line, and the additional 23% who live below twice that level, nutritional policy is part of the safety net against hunger and its negative effects on children's development. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) provides steadily available food from the food groups essential for physical and cognitive development. The effects of WIC on dietary quality among participating women and children are strong and positive. Furthermore, there is a strong influence of nutrition on cognitive development and socioeconomic inequality. Yet, research on the non-health effects of U.S. child nutritional policy is scarce, despite the ultimate goal of health policies directed at children-to enable productive functioning across multiple social institutions over the life course. Using two nationally representative, longitudinal surveys of children-the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) and the Child Development Supplement (CDS) of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics-I examine how prenatal and early childhood exposure to WIC is associated in the short-term with cognitive development, and in the longer-term with reading and math learning. Results show that early WIC participation is associated with both cognitive and academic benefits. These findings suggest that WIC meaningfully contributes to children's educational prospects. PMID:25555255

Jackson, Margot I

2015-02-01

387

Emerging Control and Disruptive Behavior Disorders During Early Childhood  

PubMed Central

The current study evaluates associations between control processes and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during early childhood. Participants were 98 children between ages 3 and 6 and their primary caregivers. Diagnostic information on ODD and ADHD symptoms was available from parents and teachers/caregivers via standardized rating forms. Affective, effortful, and cognitive control processes were measured using parent and examiner ratings via standardized questionnaires, observational ratings, and child performance on laboratory tasks of cognitive control. Affective control, but not effortful control, was significantly associated with cognitive control. A latent factor of control was significantly associated with ADHD, but not ODD, symptoms. PMID:23573794

Martel, Michelle M.; Roberts, Bethan; Gremillion, Monica L.

2015-01-01

388

Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the Early Childhood: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterium that usually affects immunocompromised patients, causing infections whose signals and symptoms are related to the affected organ. The patient presented in this article was infected when he was 9 months old. Such condition led to certain alterations like dental improperly positioned teeth, retained deciduous teeth, hipodonty of permanent teeth, atrophy of the upper jaw and dental crowding. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to report the case of a patient affected by Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in the early childhood and to describe the dental development disorders as consequence of this fact. PMID:24179340

dos Santos Moraes, Flávia; Antonio, Andréa Gonçalves; Almeida, Marta Lua Pimentel Winz; de Almeida Lima Castro, Rodolfo; Vianna, Roberto

2008-01-01

389

Why We Should Begin Early with ESD: The Role of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only recently has Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) become a question for Early Childhood Education (ECE, including care). Since it is a new area of content in ECE, there are also many questions to sort out. Some people claim that young children should be sheltered from all the problems in the world, which is an understandable…

Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid

2011-01-01

390

Literacy in the Early Years: Teaching and learning in multilingual early childhood classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I describe and analyse some of the literacy events and practices taking place in a selection of multilingual early childhood (Reception Class and Grade 1) classrooms in Cape Town. The work forms part of a larger multilingual education project being carried out by PRAESA. I use descriptions of my observations of classroom activities and conversations with teachers

Carole Bloch

1999-01-01

391

Early Childhood Education Assembly: Changing the Face of Early Literacy Education within NCTE and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy begins at birth. As soon as children are born, they start reading the world around them. Yet for years the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) was not regarded as a place for early childhood teachers, researchers, and teacher educators who work with children from birth to age eight. Recently, however, a group has come together…

Souto-Manning, Mariana; Vasquez, Vivian M.

2011-01-01

392

Punishment Insensitivity in Early Childhood: A Developmental, Dimensional Approach.  

PubMed

Impairment in learning from punishment ("punishment insensitivity") is an established feature of severe antisocial behavior in adults and youth but it has not been well studied as a developmental phenomenon. In early childhood, differentiating a normal: abnormal spectrum of punishment insensitivity is key for distinguishing normative misbehavior from atypical manifestations. This study employed a novel measure, the Multidimensional Assessment Profile of Disruptive Behavior (MAP-DB), to examine the distribution, dimensionality, and external validity of punishment insensitivity in a large, demographically diverse community sample of preschoolers (3-5 years) recruited from pediatric clinics (N?=?1,855). Caregivers completed surveys from which a seven-item Punishment Insensitivity scale was derived. Findings indicated that Punishment Insensitivity behaviors are relatively common in young children, with at least 50 % of preschoolers exhibiting them sometimes. Item response theory analyses revealed a Punishment Insensitivity spectrum. Items varied along a severity continuum: most items needed to occur "Often" in order to be severe and behaviors that were qualitatively atypical or intense were more severe. Although there were item-level differences across sociodemographic groups, these were small. Construct, convergent, and divergent validity were demonstrated via association to low concern for others and noncompliance, motivational regulation, and a disruptive family context. Incremental clinical utility was demonstrated in relation to impairment. Early childhood punishment insensitivity varies along a severity continuum and is atypical when it predominates. Implications for understanding the phenomenology of emergent disruptive behavior are discussed. PMID:25425187

Nichols, Sara R; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J; Estabrook, Ryne; Burns, James L; Kestler, Jacqueline; Berman, Grace; Henry, David B; Wakschlag, Lauren S

2014-11-27

393

Prenatal and Early Childhood Exposure to Tetrachloroethylene and Adult Vision  

PubMed Central

Background: Tetrachloroethylene (PCE; or perchloroethylene) has been implicated in visual impairments among adults with occupational and environmental exposures as well as children born to women with occupational exposure during pregnancy. Objectives: Using a population-based retrospective cohort study, we examined the association between prenatal and early childhood exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and deficits in adult color vision and contrast sensitivity. Methods: We estimated the amount of PCE that was delivered to the family residence from participants’ gestation through 5 years of age. We administered to this now adult study population vision tests to assess acuity, contrast sensitivity, and color discrimination. Results: Participants exposed to higher PCE levels exhibited lower contrast sensitivity at intermediate and high spatial frequencies compared with unexposed participants, although the differences were generally not statistically significant. Exposed participants also exhibited poorer color discrimination than unexposed participants. The difference in mean color confusion indices (CCI) was statistically significant for the Farnsworth test but not Lanthony’s D-15d test [Farnsworth CCI mean difference = 0.05, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.003, 0.10; Lanthony CCI mean difference = 0.07, 95% CI: –0.02, 0.15]. Conclusions: Prenatal and early childhood exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water may be associated with long-term subclinical visual dysfunction in adulthood, particularly with respect to color discrimination. Further investigation of this association in similarly exposed populations is necessary. PMID:22784657

Getz, Kelly D.; Janulewicz, Patricia A.; Rowe, Susannah; Weinberg, Janice M.; Winter, Michael R.; Martin, Brett R.; Vieira, Veronica M.; White, Roberta F.

2012-01-01

394

Perinatal Programming of Childhood Asthma: Early Fetal Size, Growth Trajectory during Infancy, and Childhood Asthma Outcomes  

PubMed Central

The “fetal origins hypothesis” or concept of “developmental programming” suggests that faltering fetal growth and subsequent catch-up growth are implicated in the aetiology of cardiovascular disease. Associations between reduced birth weight, rapid postnatal weight gain, and asthma suggest that there are fetal origins to respiratory disease. The present paper first summarises the literature relating birth weight and post natal growth trajectories to asthma outcomes. Second, issues regarding the interpretation of antenatal fetal ultrasound measurements are discussed. Finally, recent reports linking antenatal measurement and growth trajectory to early childhood asthma outcomes are discussed. Understanding the nature and timing of factors which influence antenatal growth may give important insight into the antecedents of early-onset asthma with implications for interventions. PMID:22400043

Turner, Steve

2012-01-01

395

Early prevention of childhood disability in developing countries.  

PubMed

The concept of prevention, while implicit in most early intervention efforts, has not been comprehensively articulated as a basis for conceptualizing early intervention services. The growing recognition of the importance of early identification and intervention for infants and young children, and involvement of the family, are factors which contribute to conceptualizations of services which are preventive in nature. This recognition parallels broader concerns for family support programmes which have a preventive focus and seek to enhance the development of children and families. The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive framework for the provision of child and family service by conceptualizing early intervention in terms of levels of prevention. Specifically, the concept of primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of prevention will be presented as a framework suitable to encompass the preventive function of community based rehabilitation. The relevance of early prevention is based on the premise that the condition of childhood disability can be prevented at primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Viewed in this way, the problem or condition of developmental delay or disability in children can be addressed at each of the three levels to effect a reduction of its expression, its duration or extended impact. Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention can be implemented in the context of community based rehabilitation to address these goals: (a) enhance development and minimize the potential for delay; (b) minimize the need for special education and related services; and (c) minimize the likelihood of institutional or other restrictive care outcomes. PMID:1713898

Simeonsson, R J

1991-01-01

396

Contemplative Practices in Early Childhood: Implications for Self-Regulation Skills and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the development of self-regulation skills in early childhood and the possibilities of children's contemplative practices as a viable tool to facilitate this development. Current research indicates that self-regulation skills in early childhood education make a significant contribution to school readiness, and long-term…

Willis, Elizabeth; Dinehart, Laura H.

2014-01-01

397

Who's Caring for the Kids? The Status of the Early Childhood Workforce in Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that there is a lack of consistent and accurate information about the teachers, administrators, and support staff who work in early childhood settings in Illinois, this study documented the early childhood workforce serving in infant/toddler, preschool, and school-age programs in the state. The study also determined the impact of the…

Krajec, Valerie Dawkins; Bloom, Paula Jorde; Talan, Teri; Clark, Douglas

398

Persecutory Guilt, Surveillance and Resistance: The Emotional Themes of Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines the emotional themes and discourse of emotion of early childhood educators using a post-structuralist theoretical framework of emotion. The data selected and analyzed is taken from 4 two-hour discussion groups that were conducted over an eight-week period with four female early childhood educators. The emotional themes and…

Madrid, Samara; Dunn-Kenney, Maylan

2010-01-01

399

Future Professionals' Perceptions of Play in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the perceptions of 207 college students in early childhood education and child and family studies (future professionals) regarding the role of play in early childhood classrooms. The results indicate that future professionals in their freshman and sophomore years in college held relatively positive perceptions of play in…

Jung, Eunjoo; Jin, Bora

2014-01-01

400

Values Embodied in Children's Literature Used in Early Childhood Education in Israeli State Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Societies can examine themselves and their values through examining their literature and the way they use literature in values education. This research investigated the values embodied in children's literature used by early childhood teachers in Israeli state schools. On the basis of questionnaires completed by 14 early childhood educators, and…

Court, Deborah; Rosental, Ety

2007-01-01

401

The Early Childhood Educator in a Critical Learning Community: Towards Sustainable Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The action research project Sustainable Change in a Critical Learning Community was conducted in the Netherlands (2007-08) to improve quality in early childhood by enhancement of critical reflection at all levels in early childhood organisations: educators individually and collectively, pedagogical leaders and coaches, and (middle) management. The…

van Keulen, Anke

2010-01-01

402

Education and Medical Professionals Collaborating to Prepare Early Childhood Teachers for Inclusive Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Best practice in the early childhood special education field supports the inclusion of young children with special needs in natural learning environments, that is, in programs where children without disabilities of the same age and their families participate. Consequently, early childhood teacher education programs must prepare professionals to…

Trepanier-Street, Mary

2010-01-01

403

Advocating for Ethnographic Work in Early Childhood Federal Policy: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initiated as part of the Council on Anthropology and Education's Policy Engagement Working Group, the policy brief "Ethnographic Knowledge For Early Childhood" focused on making the case for ethnography as evidence within early childhood federal policy. This article describes the creation and distribution of the policy brief as well as the…

Adair, Jennifer Keys

2011-01-01

404

Policy-to-Practice Contexts for Early Childhood Mathematics in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the relationship between policy and practice in the early childhood mathematics curriculum for reception-class (RC) children of five years in England. It explores what the policy requires RC teachers to do in terms of curriculum implementation; what RC teachers' views and understanding of the early childhood mathematics…

Aubrey, Carol; Durmaz, Dondu

2012-01-01

405

Literacy Outcomes of Children with Early Childhood Speech Sound Disorders: Impact of Endophenotypes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To demonstrate that early childhood speech sound disorders (SSD) and later school-age reading, written expression, and spelling skills are influenced by shared endophenotypes that may be in part genetic. Method: Children with SSD and their siblings were assessed at early childhood (ages 4-6 years) and followed at school age (7-12 years).…

Lewis, Barbara A.; Avrich, Allison A.; Freebairn, Lisa A.; Hansen, Amy J.; Sucheston, Lara E.; Kuo, Iris; Taylor, H. Gerry; Iyengar, Sudha K.; Stein, Catherine M.

2011-01-01

406

Education for Sustainable Development in Early Childhood Education: A Global Solution to Local Concerns?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper makes the case that Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) offers the field of early childhood a valuable base upon which to begin addressing some substantial contemporary concerns. In the paper, we outline key recent developments in the field of early childhood, particularly those related to globalization and the spread of…

Pearson, Emma; Degotardi, Sheila

2009-01-01

407

Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe: Tackling Social and Cultural Inequalities. France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution from France is based on recently-published documents and in particular on the "Report on the Public Infancy Service for Early Childhood," published in February 2007 by a department of the Prime Minister's Office, the Centre of Strategic Analysis, Social Affairs Section and "Early Childhood Education and Care, a Report issued…

Fallourd, Pierre

2008-01-01

408

Against the Unchallenged Discourse of Homelessness: Examining the Views of Early Childhood Preservice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated views about children experiencing homelessness held by preservice teachers in an early childhood education program. Thirteen early childhood preservice teachers were actively involved in class discussion, reading, doing class assignments, and visiting homeless shelters as community-based field experience. They were asked to…

Kim, Jinhee

2013-01-01

409

A Model of Early Childhood Foreign Language Education through Playing Motoric Games.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the methods used to improve and increase the efficiency of early childhood foreign language education through movements and speech in play situations. The goals of the study were (1) to devise an adaptable model for variable situations in early childhood foreign language education through playing motoric games, and (2) to…

Angelova, Tanka Gueorguieva; Lekova, Branimira Christova

410

Exploring a Comprehensive Model for Early Childhood Vocabulary Instruction: A Design Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressing a critical need for effective vocabulary practices in early childhood classrooms, we conducted a design experiment to achieve three goals: (1) developing a comprehensive model for early childhood vocabulary instruction, (2) examining the effectiveness of this model, and (3) discerning the contextual conditions that hinder or facilitate…

Wang, X. Christine; Christ, Tanya; Chiu, Ming Ming

2014-01-01

411

Reading and the Brain: What Early Childhood Educators Need to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manuscript focuses on neuroscience research that may have applicability for early childhood educators. Beginning with cautions about the usefulness of neurosciences, we offer reviews of several ideas that can inform the practice of early childhood educators. We begin with the understanding that reading is not innate, meaning that every brain…

Frey, Nancy; Fisher, Douglas

2010-01-01

412

Recommended Practices for Promoting Physical Activity in Early Childhood Education Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the importance of physical development as an integrated part of early childhood education is well understood, many early childhood teachers lack the specific background and training in this area. To fill this gap, this article presents a framework of recommended practices and a corresponding assessment tool. The Head Start Body Start…

Wright, Paul M.; Stork, Steve

2013-01-01

413

Synchronising pedagogy and musical experiences in early childhood: addressing challenges in preschool music education in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines pedagogy in early childhood music education and the resultant learning experiences in music for children in Kenyan preschools. Two important principles proposed for the synchronisation of teaching and learning in early childhood music education are cultural relevance and developmental appropriateness. These terms are operationalised to suit the Kenyan context. The study described here examined pedagogical practices and

Elizabeth A. Andango

2009-01-01

414

Synchronising Pedagogy and Musical Experiences in Early Childhood: Addressing Challenges in Preschool Music Education in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines pedagogy in early childhood music education and the resultant learning experiences in music for children in Kenyan preschools. Two important principles proposed for the synchronisation of teaching and learning in early childhood music education are cultural relevance and developmental appropriateness. These terms are…

Andang'o, Elizabeth A.

2009-01-01

415

Preschool Teacher Competence Viewed from the Perspective of Students in Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines contemporary issues in early childhood teacher education in Sweden. The aim of the study was to explore dimensions of the construct of preschool teachers' competence as reported by 810 students enrolled in early childhood teacher education at 15 Swedish universities. The results showed that students' definitions of…

Lillvist, Anne; Sandberg, Anette; Sheridan, Sonja; Williams, Pia

2014-01-01

416

Early Childhood Development Policy and Programming in India: Critical Issues and Directions for Paradigm Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The critical importance of the early childhood years and the rights perspective to human development has made policy and programming for early childhood development an imperative for every nation. In India, poverty, changing economic and social structures resulting in the breakdown of traditional coping mechanisms and family care systems, and the…

Sharma, Adarsh; Sen, Rekha Sharma; Gulati, Renu

2008-01-01

417

Job Stress and Coping Strategies among Early Childhood Teachers in Central Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the association between job stress and coping strategies in early childhood teachers in Central Taiwan. A quantitative approach was utilized, and data were collected from 314 participants. The results of the present study suggest that (1) early childhood teachers believed that their job stress was due to a…

Hung, Chih-Lun

2012-01-01

418

Early Childhood Education Administration in the New Period: Challenges and Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a keynote speech delivered at the National Symposium of Early Childhood Education) held by the Ministry of Education, December 16-19, 2004. In this paper, Jiang Jin first analyzed the difficulties and challenges that China faced in the development of early childhood education (ECE), including the partially dissolved ECE system,…

Jin, Jiang

2008-01-01

419

TESOL and Early Childhood Collaborative Inquiry: Joining Forces and Crossing Boundaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing early childhood educators to support effective instruction of English language learners (ELLs) is an important dimension of teacher preparation programs, yet often difficult to enact. This article reports on a collaboration between early childhood education (ECE) faculty and teachers of English to speakers of other languages (TESOL)…

Baecher, Laura; Jewkes, Abigail M.

2014-01-01

420

An Overview of the Development of Aboriginal Early Childhood Services in Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the guise of equality, citizenship, integration, and policy change, the door has opened to allow the development of Aboriginal early childhood services in Canada. Recognition of the need for early childhood services specific to Aboriginal people did not become prominent until the mid-1980s. A decade later, services came into being. Little time…

Greenwood, Margo

421

Name: Intended quarter of entry: Academic Planning Worksheet for Early Childhood & Family Studies  

E-print Network

Name: Intended quarter of entry: Academic Planning Worksheet for Early Childhood & Family Studies personal statement reflecting an interest in the early childhood and family studies major and a commitment) College Example: MATH 124 ­ Calculus I MATH& 151 AUT 08 5 A- BC One course in Biological Science

Queitsch, Christine

422

The Relationship Between Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values and their Perceptions of Scientists' Cultural Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes research that compares preservice early childhood teachers' cultural values and the values they believe are held by scientists. Using the Schwartz Values Inventory (SVI) (Schwartz (1992) Adv Exp Soc Psychol 25:331-351) preservice early childhood teachers cultural values were assessed, followed by an assessment of the values they believed were held by scientists. Schwartz postulated that cultural values

Valarie L. Akerson; Cary A. Buzzelli; Jennifer Eastwood

2010-01-01

423

The Relationship between Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values and Their Perceptions of Scientists' Cultural Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes research that compares preservice early childhood teachers' cultural values and the values they believe are held by scientists. Using the Schwartz Values Inventory (SVI) (Schwartz (1992) "Adv Exp Soc Psychol" 25:331-351) preservice early childhood teachers cultural values were assessed, followed by an assessment of the values…

Akerson, Valarie L.; Buzzelli, Cary A.; Eastwood, Jennifer

2010-01-01

424

Teaching Partnerships: Early Childhood and Engineering Students Teaching Math and Science through Robotics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an innovative approach to introducing pre-service early childhood teachers to math, science and technology education. The approach involves the creation of partnerships between pre-service early childhood and engineering students to conceive, develop, implement and evaluate curriculum in the area of math, science and technology…

Bers, Marina U.; Portsmore, Merredith

2005-01-01

425

Application of the Reggio Emilia Approach to Early Childhood Science Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Reggio Emilia Approach to early childhood education is growing in its influence in the United States. This article focuses on the relevance of this Italian early childhood philosophy to science knowledge and content standards for the PreK–12 student population. This article presents (a) a summary of key concepts of the Reggio Emilia Approach, (b) a description of the science

Dolores A. Stegelin

2003-01-01

426

Korean Teachers’ Beliefs and Teaching Practices in Korean Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the beliefs and practices of early childhood teachers in Korea. 54 child care teachers, 58 private kindergarten teachers and 45 public kindergarten teachers participated in this study. The Teacher Questionnaire was adapted for the Korean situation using both Korean and American early childhood education experts to determine cultural appropriateness of items (i.e.,

Joan E. Herwig

1997-01-01

427

Ready for Robotics: Bringing Together the T and E of STEM in Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior work has shown that early childhood educators demonstrate a lack of knowledge and understanding about technology and engineering, and about developmentally appropriate pedagogical approaches to bring those disciplines into the classrooms. This paper reports a study in which 32 early childhood educators participated in an intensive three-day…

Bers, Marina Umaschi; Seddighin, Safoura; Sullivan, Amanda

2013-01-01

428

Music and Early Childhood in the Tristes Tropiques: The Brazilian Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inspired by ideas that Levi-Strauss (1955) presented in "Tristes Tropiques", the author discusses music and early childhood in Brazil from educational, historical, anthropological, and sociological perspectives. She begins with a short history of early childhood education in Brazil, including changes in educational policies, teacher preparation,…

Ilari, Beatriz

2007-01-01

429

Capture the Moment: Using Digital Photography in Early Childhood Settings. Research in Practice Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research in Practice Series has been developed to provide practical, easy to read, up-to-date information and support to a growing national readership of early childhood workers. Digital photography opens a whole new world of communication within early childhood settings, giving scope for devising more effective ways of engaging children,…

Walters, Kim

2006-01-01

430

Oakton Community College: Early Childhood Career Opportunities (ECCO) Program. Program Description Based on Grant Abstract.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Career Opportunities (ECCO) Program is a 21-week program of intensive training that provides limited-English-proficient Hispanic, Indian, and Pakistani adult students with the required skills for entry-level positions in the child care field. Courses in early childhood focus on child growth and development, introduction to…

Kerwin, Sheila

431

Democratisation of Early Childhood Education in the Attitudes of Slovene and Finnish Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents the findings of the comparative survey on attitudes (beliefs, preferences) of 222 Slovenian and 230 Finnish early childhood teachers (Turnsek 2005). They have completed the questionnaire on aspect of democratisation of early childhood education, which consisted of attitude (Likart) scales and questions of ranking the…

Turnsek, Nada; Pekkarinen, Asko

2009-01-01

432

The Bicultural Imperative within the New Zealand Draft Curriculum Guidelines for Early Childhood Education "Te Whariki."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses "Te Whariki," the New Zealand Draft Curriculum Guidelines for Early Childhood Education, in relation to historical and cultural contexts. Addresses aspirations of the Maori people for their language and culture to be protected and sustained. Asserts a bicultural imperative for early childhood education curriculum. (BGC)

Ritchie, Jenny

1996-01-01

433

Developing Young Children's Thinking Skills in Greek Early Childhood Classrooms: Curriculum and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early childhood education, opportunities for developing children's thinking skills are unlimited. One of the most effective teaching strategies for this purpose is open-ended questioning. The study presented here aimed to explore the degree to which Greek early childhood teachers promote the development of thinking skills in their pupils.…

Birbili, Maria

2013-01-01

434

What Do We Mean by Professional Development in the Early Childhood Field?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost everyone recognizes the importance of having an effective early childhood workforce in programs that serve young children and families. Less clear is how to ensure that all early childhood practitioners have the essential knowledge and skills they need to be effective. Increasingly, policy makers are turning to professional development as…

Buysse, Virginia; Rous, Beth; Winton, Pamela

2008-01-01

435

Court-Appointed Special Advocate Strong Beginnings: Raising Awareness across Early Childhood and Child Welfare Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abuse or neglect and disability often go hand in hand. Unfortunately, most professionals who work with maltreated young children are not aware of early childhood and disability-related resources and services available. In order to raise awareness across early childhood and child welfare systems, a five-week advanced training for volunteer child…

Corr, Catherine; Danner, Natalie

2014-01-01

436

Conceptualising the early childhood pedagogue: Policy approaches and issues of professionalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite common moves in a number of countries to raise the quality and visibility of early childhood services (for example, through the introduction of curricular frameworks), both professionalisation policies and understandings of the professional role remain distinctly variegated across Europe and beyond. Whereas early childhood systems with separate childcare and education sectors tend to generate a differential and fragmented approach

Pamela Oberhuemer

2005-01-01

437

Implications of Evidence-Based Practices for Personnel Preparation Development in Early Childhood Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article includes a practical definition of evidence-based practices, examples of different types of practice-based research syntheses, 3 models for conceptualizing evidence-based early childhood intervention, and a description of the implications of the definition, syntheses, and models of early childhood intervention for personnel…

Dunst, Carl J.

2009-01-01

438

Effective Language for Discussing Early Childhood Education and Policy. Strategic Communication Working Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy catalysts such as welfare reform or research findings on the impact of day care provide new opportunities to frame the discussion surrounding early childhood education. This group of working papers examines effective language for discussing communication strategies for advocacy. The first paper, "Early Childhood Education and the Framing…

Bales, Susan Nall; Lakoff, George; Grady, Joseph; Brandon, Richard N.

439

Changing perspectives in early childhood education: Recasting the Reggio Emilia approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This national study used descriptive quantitative methods to examine and describe the perceptions and concerns of individuals involved in the process of change through the recasting and the reconceptualization of early childhood education through the Reggio Emilia Approach. The study's participants were faculty, laboratory school staff and graduate students from selected university early childhood teacher education programs. The study used

Elizabeth M. Elliott

2005-01-01

440

"On the Shoulders of Giants": Exploring the Traditions of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses trends in early childhood education rooted in much older traditions, such as the project approach and Reggio Emilia approach, as well as the history of Head Start, and other changes in early childhood programs and services. Considers the need for practitioners to understand the theoretical and ideological foundations of pedagogical…

Spodek, Bernard; Saracho, Olivia N.

2003-01-01

441

Meeting Children Where They Are: Culturally Adapted Models of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has proven the many benefits of early childhood education and development programs. Although much progress has been made in the last decade, many young children still do not have access to high-quality early childhood education. In many countries where government programs have failed, nongovernmental organizations and community groups…

Modica, Sarah; Ajmera, Maya; Dunning, Victoria

2010-01-01

442

Frameworks for Response to Intervention in Early Childhood: Description and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In February, 2013, the Division of Early Childhood, the National Association for the Education of Young Children, and the National Head Start Association released a collaborative paper to provide clarification and assistance regarding the relationship of response to intervention (RTI) with the field of early childhood (EC). In addition to…

Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2014

2014-01-01

443

Choices and Changes in Early Childhood Education in Australia: A "Play School" Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education in Australia is currently undergoing a period of change and renewal. Times of change offer opportunities to revisit the perspectives of the past, to respond to current choices and challenges, and explore future opportunities within the national provision of early childhood care and education. Such opportunities also exist…

Harrison, Cathie

2011-01-01

444

Early Childhood Education and Care for Native Hawaiian Children in Hawai'i: A Brief History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides a brief overview of the history of early childhood education and care for Native Hawaiian children in Hawai'i. Data sources include a literature review, examination of archival documents, and interviews with a sample of Native Hawaiian parents and community members. We trace the emergence of outside-the-home early childhood

Grace, Donna J.; Ku'ulei Serna, Alethea

2013-01-01

445

Building the Leadership Capacity of Early Childhood Directors: An Evaluation of a Leadership Development Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there is consensus among policymakers and practitioners about the importance of strong leadership in early childhood education, there is scant research on effective models of leadership development for administrators of early childhood programs, particularly those working in the child care sector. This is cause for concern because the…

Talan, Teri N.; Bloom, Paula J.; Kelton, Robyn E.

2014-01-01

446

Bright Futures: Early Childhood Developments in the States. Fall 2008, Volume 2, Issue 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition of "Bright Futures" highlights 12 states (Alabama, Colorado, Nevada, Iowa, Maryland, Ohio, West Virginia, Connecticut, Guam, Maine, Pennsylvania and Kansas) that have received grants to support the development of an Early Childhood Advisory Council. Other features of this edition include announcements of state early childhood system…

National Governors Association, 2008

2008-01-01

447

Learning To Teach in Inclusive Early Childhood Settings: Experiencing an Innovative Teacher Preparation Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an innovative teacher education program designed to prepare early childhood teachers to work in inclusive classroom settings. The program was begun 5 years ago as part of a dramatic reform effort in the College of Education at the University of Tennessee. Designers of the Inclusive Early Childhood Education (IECE) program…

Collier, Lana; Hatch, Amos; Keyl, Julie; LoRe, Sondra; Phillips, Marian

448

A Neophyte Early Childhood Teacher's Developing Relationships with Parents: An Ecological Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that close ties between early childhood teachers and parents are helpful for children, but many teachers have mixed feelings about, or feel unprepared for, such relationships. This study, drawn from a larger study of preservice and beginning teachers, used narrative inquiry to trace the development of an early childhood

Sumsion, Jennifer

1999-01-01

449

Promoting Health in Early Childhood Environments: A Health-Promotion Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the mechanisms by which a health-promotion intervention might influence the health-promoting behaviours of staff members working in early childhood centres. The intervention was an ecological health-promotion initiative that was implemented within four early childhood centres in South-East Queensland, Australia. In-depth,…

Minniss, Fiona Rowe; Wardrope, Cheryl; Johnston, Donni; Kendall, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

450

The Net Benefits of Early Childhood Investments: Findings, Implications and a Texas Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report primarily addresses the question, "What are the net benefits associated with targeted early childhood investments in Texas?" The expected benefits and costs of targeted early childhood investments are estimated and projected for an illustrative cohort of Texas infants: children 0-1 year old living in families with annual incomes at or…

King, Christopher T.; Faliski, Katherine; Betsinger, Alicia M.; O'Shea, Daniel P.

451

State Efforts to Meet the Early Childhood Transition Requirements of IDEA. inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In March 2008, the National Early Childhood Transition Initiative released a document developed collaboratively over several months titled "Designing and Implementing Effective Early Childhood Transition Processes". The document was created as a resource for improving state and local performance on the State Performance Plans (SPP) and Annual…

Muller, Eve; Whaley, Kathy; Rous, Beth

2009-01-01

452

Comparison of State Certification and Professional Association Personnel Standards in Early Childhood Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An item-by-item comparison of states' certification standards and/or competencies for Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) with those of national professional association standards (i.e., Council for Exceptional Children [CEC] Common Core, Division for Early Childhood [DEC] of CEC ECSE, and the National Association for the Education of Young…

Stayton, Vicki D.; Smith, Barbara J.; Dietrich, Sylvia L.; Bruder, Mary Beth

2012-01-01

453

Meeting Fears and Concerns Effectively: The Inclusion of Early Childhood Students Who Are Medically Fragile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to advances in medical technology more early childhood students who are medically fragile are entering school and being included in general education. The field of special education lacks a broad research base regarding this unique population. This qualitative study examined the perceptions of nine early childhood teachers on the inclusion of…

Mancini, Kathryn G.; Layton, Carol A.

2004-01-01

454

Early Childhood Predictors of the Social Competence of Adults with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal research into adult outcomes in autism remains limited. Unlike previous longitudinal examinations of adult outcome in autism, the twenty participants in this study were evaluated across multiple assessments between early childhood (M = 3.9 years) and adulthood (M = 26.6 years). In early childhood, responsiveness to joint attention…

Gillespie-Lynch, Kristen; Sepeta, Leigh; Wang, Yueyan; Marshall, Stephanie; Gomez, Lovella; Sigman, Marian; Hutman, Ted

2012-01-01

455

Matters of Size: Obesity as a Diversity Issue in the Field of Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that obesity is the primary reason for peer rejection in America; examines effects of obesity on wellness, self-esteem, peer relationships, and social status of children/families and early childhood teachers. Suggests that early childhood educators: (1) educate all stakeholders about nutrition and body size issues; (2) speak out against…

Jalongo, Mary Renck

1999-01-01

456

Matters of Size: Obesity as a Diversity Issue in the Field of Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a synthesis of research on the consequences of obesity for all stakeholders in the field of early childhood: young children, family members of young children, and teachers of young children. The article examines the effects of obesity on the wellness, self-esteem, peer relationships, and social status of children\\/families and early childhood teachers. The argument is set forth

Mary Renck Jalongo

1999-01-01

457

Promoting Positive Parenting Practices through Parenting Education. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) released a "Strategic Plan for Early Childhood Health." In recognition of the critical role states play in the development of early childhood initiatives and of the unique contributions that state Title V programs can make to these initiatives, the Bureau operationalized their strategic plan…

Zepeda, Marlene; Varela, Frances; Morales, Alex

2004-01-01

458

Storytelling Dramas as a Community Building Activity in an Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Healthy social-emotional development is promoted by building a safe, secure and respectful environment in an early childhood setting with positive and consistent relationships among adults, children, and their peers. This study explored storytelling dramas as an opportunity to build community within the context of one early childhood classroom.…

Wright, Cheryl; Diener, Marissa L.; Kemp, Jacqueline Lindsay

2013-01-01

459

Symposium on Early Childhood Education (Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, November 9-10, 1997). Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book compiles abstracts of presentations from a symposium held in honor of Dr. Bernard Spodek, a leading scholar in early childhood education, on the occasion of his retirement. Topics addressed are as follows: (1) culture in early childhood curriculum; (2) developmental and cultural appropriateness; (3) kindergarten in Japan; (4) pressure…

Illinois Univ., Champaign. Coll. of Education.

460

Professional, Applied & Continuing Education ADVANCED DIPLOMA IN LEADERSHIP IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE  

E-print Network

Professional, Applied & Continuing Education ADVANCED DIPLOMA IN LEADERSHIP IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION PROGRAM The Advanced Diploma in Leadership in Early Childhood Care and Education is a leadership. This diploma program has been approved by the Government's Child Care Education Program Approval Committee

Martin, Jeff

461

Parental and Early Childhood Influences on Adolescent Obesity: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of parental and early childhood factors on adolescent obesity was investigated using a longitudinal model of body mass index (BMI) from birth to 14 years. Trajectories of BMI using linear mixed model (LMM) analysis were used to investigate the influence of early parental and childhood factors on BMI at 14 years in the Raine birth…

Chivers, Paola; Parker, Helen; Bulsara, Max; Beilin, Lawrence; Hands, Beth

2012-01-01

462

Challenging Behaviors in Early Childhood Settings: Creating a Place for All Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learn to manage a wide range of challenging behaviors in early childhood settings with this strategy-filled resource for teachers and other professionals. Based on the latest research and the authors' classroom experience, the book helps early childhood teams assess the classroom environment and link effective behavioral interventions to…

Hart Bell, Susan; Carr, Victoria W.; Denno, Dawn; Johnson, Lawrence J.; Phillips, Louise R.

2004-01-01

463

Reaching the Youngest Hearts and Minds: Interviews with Diocesan Leaders Regarding Catholic Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood is a critically formative stage of human development and the educational experiences of children at this young age impact their cognitive, social, emotional, and physical competencies. In the U.S., early childhood education has grown dramatically since the 1960s, both in federal and state dollars invested and in terms of overall…

Frabutt, James M.; Waldron, Rachel

2013-01-01

464

Exploring Educators' Perspectives: How Does Learning through "Happiness" Promote Quality Early Childhood Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of early childhood education has dominated current debates in the ways educators develop and implement learning programs for children yet conceptions of quality vary contextually and culturally. This qualitative case study explored the insider perspectives of six early childhood educators in Sapporo, Japan regarding their conceptions…

Ikegami, Kiiko; Agbenyega, Joseph Seyram

2014-01-01

465

Enquiring Teachers and Democratic Politics: Transformations in New Zealand's Early Childhood Education Landscape  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considerable interest has emerged in policy frameworks to sustain and encourage democratic participation and responsive pedagogy in early childhood education. Using findings from an evaluation of New Zealand's strategic plan for early childhood education, this article highlights ways in which policy initiatives interacted to support such…

Mitchell, Linda

2011-01-01

466

Research on Early Childhood Teacher Education: Evidence from Three Domains and Recommendations for Moving Forward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is essential that a solid research base be established to provide a foundation that will enable the field of early childhood teacher education to examine whether, for whom, and in what ways teacher education matters. The purpose of this article is to review several important domains in early childhood teacher education to illustrate the…

Horm, Diane M.; Hyson, Marilou; Winton, Pamela J.

2013-01-01

467

Assessing the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Organizational Commitment among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to assess the relationship between emotional intelligence and organizational commitment among early childhood educators. Organizational commitment and its established precursor, job satisfaction, have gained relevance because turnover within early childhood education has fluctuated between 25% and 40% for…

Shepherd-Osborne, Tracie

2009-01-01

468

Why Do Children of the Caribbean Need Programmes of Early Childhood Education and Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the needs of young children in the Caribbean region with an emphasis on early childhood development programs in addition to early childhood education. The paper maintains that the first 3 years of life are critical for brain development; parents and caregivers should be enabled to provide appropriate experiences, and children…

Williams, Sian

469

Early Head Start: Research Findings. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 1, Issue 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early Head Start is a federally funded community-based program for low-income families with infants and toddlers and for low-income pregnant women. Created in 1995, Early Head Start strives to promote healthy prenatal outcomes for pregnant women, to enhance the development of children ages birth to three, and to promote healthy family functioning.…

Child Trends, 2010

2010-01-01

470

Progress Developing the Kansas Early Childhood Special Education Accountability System: Initial Findings Using ECO and COSF  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy decision makers, early educators, and early interventionists face numerous challenges as they develop and implement statewide accountability systems to evaluate and improve children's early intervention and early childhood special education outcomes. Kansas was an early adopter of the Child Outcomes Summary Form (COSF) developed by the…

Greenwood, Charles R.; Walker, Dale; Hornbeck, Marguerite; Hebbeler, Kathleen; Spiker, Donna

2007-01-01

471

Early influences and childhood development. Does helicobacter play a role?  

PubMed

In the late 1960s, Rene Dubos showed that a variety of nutritional stress in utero or in early infancy could have dramatic impact on childhood development that was irreversible. This included detectable changes in the brain. Since that time, iron deficiency anemia (IDA) has been identified as one of the major nutritional stresses that leads to permanent behavioral changes in both experimental animals and humans resulting in poorer cognitive, motor, and social-emotional function. It has been proposed that these changes play an important part in the inter-generational transmission of poverty. More recently, it is becoming clear that Helicobacter pylori causes IDA in populations on an iron-limiting diet. The main thesis of this article is that H. pylori infection may indeed have an impact on childhood development and that much more research is needed in this area as intervention via immunization or antimicrobial therapy in populations in the developing world may have major positive benefits via cure of IDA and prevention of brain damage in the young. PMID:17991180

Lee, Adrian

2007-11-01

472

Tracking club sport participation from childhood to early adulthood.  

PubMed

This study examined the strength of tracking sport participation from childhood to early adulthood among the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study cohort. Participation in sport, dance, or gymnastics as part of a club or group (outside of school) was assessed at ages 7, 9, 15, 18, and 21 years. In addition to the traditionally used correlation coefficients, summary statistics (intraclass correlations; ICC) from random effect models and stability coefficients from generalized estimating equations (GEE) were calculated using all the longitudinal data and controlling for the influence of covariates on tracking strength. Correlation coefficients revealed statistically significant tracking of club sport participation (7-21 years) at low levels (r = .07-0.28). The ICC summary statistic (0.23) was consistent with this, while the GEE suggested moderate tracking (0.59). The results of this study suggest that encouraging sport participation during childhood and adolescence may result in a modest increase in the likelihood of participation later in life. However, the substantial movement into and out of sport participation observed here and in other studies cautions against relying solely on sport promotion among youth as a strategy to promote lifelong participation. PMID:18274213

Richards, Rosalina; Williams, Sheila; Poulton, Richie; Reeder, Anthony I

2007-12-01

473

Early Childhood Teachers' Perceived Competence during Transition from Teacher Education to Work: Results from a Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from education to work is a challenge for early childhood teachers. In this study, competence self-ratings of 348 German early childhood teachers were investigated one year before, at the end of and four months after early childhood teacher education at universities and vocational schools. Perceived competence was assessed by means…

Mischo, Christoph

2015-01-01

474

Science Education in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Putting Forward a Case to Enhance Student Teachers' Confidence and Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Zealand is moving towards increased qualification requirements for early childhood educators. There is an underlying assumption that there is a correlation between quality early childhood education, teacher qualifications and quality practices in teaching and learning. Two fields of literature, early childhood pedagogy and science specific pedagogy, are reviewed briefly to provide a framework with which to consider why student

Dawn Garbett

2003-01-01

475

Early Childhood Science & Math Workshops! The Carnegie Mellon University Children's School invites you to attend two stimulating days of  

E-print Network

Early Childhood Science & Math Workshops! The Carnegie Mellon University Children's School invites. For more information, contact Allison Drash at 412-268-2199. Enhancing Early Childhood Science & Math for your own center. #12;Children's School Carnegie Mellon University EARLY CHILDHOOD SCIENCE & MATH

476

"..., But I Cannot Do Research": Action-Research and Early Childhood Teachers. A Case Study from Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although action-research is a well-known research methodology in the field of education, in the case of Greece there are few actions-researches carried out by early childhood teachers. The absence of action-research in early childhood education settings is related to the way many early childhood teachers shape their professional role as well as…

Magos, Kostas

2012-01-01

477

Video Interactions for Teaching and Learning (VITAL): Analyzing Videos Online to Learn to Teach Early Childhood Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most pressing need in early childhood mathematics education in the United States is to improve early childhood teacher preparation. A Web-based video system, "Video Interactions for Teaching and Learning (VITAL)", is a novel and effective approach for teacher preparation integrated into early childhood mathematics education courses. With…

Lee, Joon Sun; Ginsburg, Herbert P.; Preston, Michael D.

2009-01-01

478

Turning College Students into Leaders in Early Childhood Education--Part 1: Getting Involved outside the College Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education college students are very busy people. They take required general education and early childhood curriculum courses, and they complete prepracticum and field experiences in a variety of early childhood settings. There has been an increase in the number of students who work during the day and go to school in the evening, as…

Young Children, 2011

2011-01-01

479

Re-Envisioning the Role of Universities in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Community Partnerships for 21st-Century Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite contrasting views on the overlap of early childhood education and teacher education, opportunities abound for expanding the role of early childhood educators in broader teacher education discourse. University-based early childhood education and kindergarten-through-grade-12 teacher education share purposes, philosophies, and resources that…

Kennedy, Adam S.; Heineke, Amy

2014-01-01

480

Measuring Early Childhood Health and Health Disparities: A New Approach  

PubMed Central

Objective Efforts to improve the health of U.S. children and reduce disparities have been hampered by lack of a rigorous way to summarize the multi-dimensional nature of children’s health. This research employed a novel statistical approach to measurement to provide an integrated, comprehensive perspective on early childhood health and disparities. Methods Nationally-representative data (n=8,800) came from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to classify health at 48 months, incorporating health conditions, functioning, and aspects of physical, cognitive, and emotional development. Health disparities by gender, poverty, race/ethnicity, and birthweight were examined. Results Over half of all children were classified as healthy using multidimensional latent class methodology; others fell into one of seven less optimal health statuses. The analyses highlighted pervasive disparities in health, with poor children at increased risk of being classified into the most disadvantaged health status consisting of chronic conditions and a cluster of developmental problems including low cognitive achievement, poor social skills, and behavior problems. Children with very low birthweight had the highest rate of being in the most disadvantaged health status (25.2%), but moderately low birthweight children were also at elevated risk (7.9% versus 3.4% among non-low birthweight children). Conclusions Latent class analysis provides a uniquely comprehensive picture of child health and health disparities that identifies clusters of problems experienced by some groups. The findings underscore the importance of continued efforts to reduce preterm birth, and to ameliorate poverty’s effects on children’s health through access to high-quality healthcare and other services. PMID:23225206

Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Lanza, Stephanie T.; Landale, Nancy S.; Oropesa, R. S.

2012-01-01

481

Screening for Sleep Problems in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education: A Systematic Review of Screening and Assessment Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavioral insomnias of childhood (BIC) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) disorders cause disrupted and/or inefficient sleep. Left untreated in early childhood, both conditions increase the risk of compromised development, particularly in the areas of behavior, cognition, and growth. This systematic review determined whether and how current…

Bonuck, Karen A.; Hyden, Christel; Ury, Guenn; Barnett, Josephine; Ashkinaze, Hannah; Briggs, Rahil D.

2011-01-01

482

Strengthening Social Work Approaches Through Advancing Knowledge of Early Childhood Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood professionals—social workers, educators, speech therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, pediatricians, and others—create the foundation for a life-long duration of experiences that families, who have children with disabilities, will have with various professional groups. The nature of the early childhood interventionists' interaction, treatment, services or supports of the child and the attitudes conveyed to families during these critical early

April W. Block; Stephen R. Block

2002-01-01

483

Epigenetics and development of food allergy (FA) in early childhood.  

PubMed

This review aims to highlight the latest advance on epigenetics in the development of food allergy (FA) and to offer future perspectives. FA, a condition caused by an immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated hypersensitivity reaction to food, has emerged as a major clinical and public health problem worldwide in light of its increasing prevalence, potential fatality, and significant medical and economic impact. Current evidence supports that epigenetic mechanisms are involved in immune regulation and that the epigenome may represent a key "missing piece" of the etiological puzzle for FA. There are a growing number of population-based epigenetic studies on allergy-related phenotypes, mostly focused on DNA methylation. Previous studies mostly applied candidate-gene approaches and have demonstrated that epigenetic marks are associated with multiple allergic diseases and/or with early-life exposures relevant to allergy development (such as early-life smoking exposure, air pollution, farming environment, and dietary fat). Rapid technological advancements have made unbiased genome-wide DNA methylation studies highly feasible, although there are substantial challenge in study design, data analyses, and interpretation of findings. In conclusion, epigenetics represents both an important knowledge gap and a promising research area for FA. Due to the early onset of FA, epigenetic studies of FA in prospective birth cohorts have the potential to better understand gene-environment interactions and underlying biological mechanisms in FA during critical developmental windows (preconception, in utero, and early childhood) and may lead to new paradigms in the diagnosis, prevention, and management of FA and provide novel targets for future drug discovery and therapies for FA. PMID:25096861

Hong, Xiumei; Wang, Xiaobin

2014-09-01

484

Quality Early Education for Quality Childhood. Proceedings of the International Conference of the World Organization for Early Childhood Education (3rd, Hong Kong, November 30 - December 1, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the proceedings of a conference on early childhood education. Included are a list of the members of the executive committee of the OMEP and of the conference organizing committee, the program, the keynote addresses, abstracts, and an index of presenters. The keynote addresses were: (1) "Achieving Quality Early Care and…

World Organization for Early Childhood (Hong Kong).

485

Addressing Socio-Emotional Development and Infant Mental Health in Early Childhood Systems: Executive Summary. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past three decades, there has been an increase in knowledge about early childhood development. Early experiences can function as either risk factors or protective factors for a child's future health and development. This has led to concern about how current health systems contribute to the quality of the earliest experiences of life.…

Zeanah, Paula; Nagle, Geoffrey; Stafford, Brian; Rice, Thomas; Farrer, Joanna

2005-01-01

486

Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Learning of Science in a Methods Course: Examining the Predictive Ability of an Intentional Learning Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the predictive ability of an intentional learning model in the change of preservice early childhood teachers' conceptual understanding of lunar phases. Fifty-two preservice early childhood teachers who were enrolled in an early childhood science methods course participated in the study. Results indicated that the use of metacognitive strategies facilitated preservice early childhood teachers' use of deep-level cognitive strategies, which in turn promoted conceptual change. Also, preservice early childhood teachers with high motivational beliefs were more likely to use cognitive and metacognitive strategies. Thus, they were more likely to engage in conceptual change. The results provided evidence that the hypothesized model of intentional learning has a high predictive ability in explaining the change in preservice early childhood teachers' conceptual understandings from the pre to post-interviews. Implications for designing a science methods course for preservice early childhood teachers are provided.

Saçkes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe

2014-06-01

487

Early Childhood Brain Development and Elementary Music Curricula: Are They in Tune?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines elementary music curricula. It presents an overview of research on childhood mental development; the importance of the early experiences of children on childhood development; the impact of environmental factors on language development; children's acquisition of music ability; enhancing elementary music curriculum; and…

Scott, Larissa K.

2004-01-01

488

Family Attachment Narrative Therapy: Healing the Experience of Early Childhood Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on attachment theory and research, Family Attachment Narrative Therapy is introduced as a new family therapy modality developed to heal the experience of early childhood maltreatment. Unresolved childhood trauma has been correlated with impaired and delayed cognitive, behavioral and emotional functioning. Gentle, soothing, nonprovocative and…

May, Joanne C.

2005-01-01

489

Reflecting Caring and Power in Early Childhood Education: Recalling Memories of Educational Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to examine how early childhood education teachers recall educational situations concerning caring and power in their childhoods and in their work. The purpose is to study how caring and power are constructed and intertwined in educational practices. The intention is to examine how teachers reflect their work concerning…

Ylitapio-Mantyla, Outi

2013-01-01

490

Parenting and Child Characteristics in the Prediction of Shame in Early and Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined individual differences in shame responding in early childhood and predictive relations with shame proneness in middle childhood. Child shame responding, parental shaming, and child temperamental inhibition were assessed at Time 1 (n = 225, aged 3-4 years), shame responding was reassessed at Time 2 (n = 199, aged 5-7 years), and shame…

Mills, Rosemary S. L.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.; Lall, Debra I. K.; De Jaeger, Amy E.

2010-01-01

491

Warning--Television Viewing May Harm Your Child's Health: Parent Perceptions of Early Childhood Viewing Habits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009, the Australian Government introduced the Get Up and Grow (Commonwealth Government, 2009) guidelines for healthy eating and exercise in early childhood as one element of a range of initiatives aiming to curb childhood obesity, a problem affecting an increasing proportion of Australia children. Included in the policy recommendations are…

Garvis, Susanne; Pendergast, Donna

2011-01-01

492

Experiencing Multiculturalism First Hand: Looking at Early Childhood Education in China Teaches Us about Ourselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing and appreciating culturally diverse views of what is best for children is important, as underscored by the views of childhood evident in early childhood education programs in China. Families and schools in modern China experience unique social and political pressures, the most obvious of which is the "one child policy," which runs…

Freeman, Nancy K.

493

Co-Occurring Problems of Early Onset Persistent, Childhood Limited, and Adolescent Onset Conduct Problem Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: It is increasingly recognized that youth who follow early onset persistent (EOP), childhood limited (CL) and adolescent onset (AO) trajectories of conduct problems show somewhat varying patterns of risk (in childhood) and adjustment problems (in adolescence and adulthood). Little, however, is known about how other adjustment problems…

Barker, Edward D.; Oliver, Bonamy R.; Maughan, Barbara

2010-01-01

494

Media Culture and Media Violence: Making the Television Work for Young Children, Parents and Early Childhood Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

with a special emphasis on the relationship between TV, childhood and violence as well as developmentally appropriate television. Furthermore, the presentation will provide strategies for parents and early childhood educators to take control of the television. Early childhood educators, in assessing the impact of television on young children's behaviour, should consider TV programs in the context of developmentally appropriateness. Developmental

Wayne D. Eastman

495

The Effect of Public Postings on Early Childhood Care Providers' Behavior in an Infant Room  

E-print Network

This study used a multiple-baseline design across two time periods to evaluate the effects of public posting on the quality of infant care in an early childhood program. The participants were 4 female caregivers. During baseline, a preexisting...

Wosmek, Jennifer Ann Dressel

2008-01-01

496

"Playing with Kids All Day": Job Stress in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the major sources of stress for teachers of young children, psychological and physical effects of stress, and means of coping effectively with stress associated with early childhood education. (Author/DB)

Hyson, Marion C.

1982-01-01

497

The Relationship Between Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values and their Perceptions of Scientists' Cultural Values  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes research that compares preservice early childhood teachers’ cultural values and the values they believe are held by scientists. Using the Schwartz Values Inventory (SVI) (Schwartz (1992) Adv Exp Soc Psychol 25:331-351) preservice early childhood teachers cultural values were assessed, followed by an assessment of the values they believed were held by scientists. Schwartz postulated that cultural values could be aggregated into 11 domains (universalism, benevolence, tradition, self-direction, stimulation, hedonism, achievement, power, conformity, spirituality, and security). Paired T-tests indicated significant differences between preservice early childhood teachers’ cultural values from those they believed scientists held on the domains of power, achievement, stimulation, benevolence, conformity, and security. The discussion explores the meaning of these results and provides implications for early childhood science teacher education.

Akerson, Valarie L.; Buzzelli, Cary A.; Eastwood, Jennifer

2010-03-01

498

``Hit and Run Research'' with ``Hit and Miss'' Results in Early Childhood Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Constructivism has provided us with a useful pedagogy and a powerful methodological framework for over twenty years. We now know a great deal about children's thinking. Can this research paradigm take us any further? Are we locked into a particular perspective about data gathering and categorising children's thinking? Have we tended to fit early childhood data into the 'accepted science education paradigm'? As early childhood researchers, we have found the wealth of research in science education research unable to provide solutions to some fundamental challenges we face when working with young children. This paper seeks to examine the established body of literature in science education research with a view to seeking out a more inclusive research approach to support early childhood science education. Examples of early childhood data within a range of contexts are presented to illustrate some of the challenges. Some of the issues that are raised may well be helpful to the field as a whole.

Fleer, Marilyn; Robbins, Jill

2003-08-01

499

76 FR 32967 - Proposed Extensions and Waivers: National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Eile, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW...Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), is to ensure...Assistance Center on Social-Emotional Intervention for Young Children...to early childhood special education technical assistance...

2011-06-07

500

76 FR 50201 - National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center; Final Extension of Project Period and Waiver  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Eile, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW...Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), 20 U.S...Assistance Center on Social-Emotional Intervention for Young Children...to early childhood special education technical assistance...

2011-08-12