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1

The many futures of Asian business groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

What does the future hold for Asian business groups? This paper discusses three rival hypotheses whose predictions for the\\u000a future of Asian business groups differ from the predictions of the prevailing institutional voids hypothesis. The latter is\\u000a a two stage model that posits that business groups first emerge to solve market failures for affiliated firms. Subsequently\\u000a government initiates the construction

Michael Carney

2008-01-01

2

McGraw-Hill's 1972 Report on Business & the Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Up-to-date information on environmental law and enforcement, industrial problems and solutions, and municipal waste treatment problems is offered in this compendium. It reports on the condition of the American environment as it affects, and is affected by, the operation of business enterprises. The text deals objectively with present and future

Price, F., Ed.; And Others

3

Ascertaining Risk in Financial Terms in Digital Business Ecosystem Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a digital business ecosystem environment the trusting agent by analysing beforehand the possible risk in interacting with a probable trusted agent, can make a better decision of its future course of interaction with it. A possible outcome of Risk is the loss to trusting agent's resources involved in the interaction. In a financial interaction, the possible loss that may

O. K. Hussain; E. Chang; F. K. Hussain; T. S. Dillon

2007-01-01

4

Future Writing Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an informal survey of writers from various contexts (including a textbook author, a novelist, and a cookbook author), describing their ideal writing environments. Discusses how computer technology can address some of the needs expressed by these writers. (MM)

Koetke, Walter

1989-01-01

5

The Future of Family Business Education in UK Business Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This practitioner paper aims to question basic assumptions about management education and to argue that a new paradigm is needed for UK business schools which embraces an oft neglected, yet economically vital, stakeholder group, namely family businesses. It seeks to pose the question of why we have forgotten to teach about family business

Collins, Lorna; Seaman, Claire; Graham, Stuart; Stepek, Martin

2013-01-01

6

Virginia Future Business Leaders of America State Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides information on starting and conducting a Future Business Leaders of America program in Virginia schools. The guide is organized in seven sections that cover the following topics: introduction to Future Business Leaders of America (organization, organization chart, map, pledge, creed, goals); bylaws; dues and…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

7

Flexible business transaction composition in service-oriented environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Reliability and clear semantics in the presence of errors are of key im- portance for automated execution of business processes. Consequently, transaction support is a major ingredient for business process automa- tion in a Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) environment. As au- tomated business processes become more complex, difierent parts of business processes have difierent transaction requirements. This im- plies that

Benedikt Kratz; Ting Wang; Jochem Vonk; PWPJ Grefen

2005-01-01

8

Television--Business Tool of the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television is beginning to realize its potential in business as a medium for two-way communication via private corporate networks, video conferencing facilities, and interactive training products. (SK)

Crofts, Andrew

1991-01-01

9

Future Directions for Business Education: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to synthesize perceptions from the field about current issues and to propose future directions for the field of business education. Method: A modified three-stage Delphi study was carried out with business educators who attended national conferences and/or belonged to national professional organizations.…

Kesten, Cyril A.; Lambrecht, Judith J.

2010-01-01

10

Business Protocol and Etiquette: Preparing Students for the Global Business Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Business Etiquette Dining Tutorial is designed to teach students the skills of dining domestically and internationally in business settings. A test with 19 students showed that it improved their knowledge and ability to adapt to different cultural environments. (SK)

Lazorchak, Shirley A.

2000-01-01

11

Business Ethics of Future Marketing Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the findings of a study which examined the business ethics of college students. The study utilized a series of ten vignettes which posed five dif ferent types of ethical problems. The responses were analyzed to determine student values.

David J. Fritzsche; Helmut Becker

1982-01-01

12

The future of energy, environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lasting effects of energy consumption on the environment continue to be a problem as the world's population requires more and more energy. This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to environmental issues related to the use and production of energy. Fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and clean air are discussed in the context of environmental quality. Students can read about the development of environmentally friendly vehicles and follow a link that describes current environmental problems in the hydropower industry. Links to eight PBS NewsHour articles on environmental issues and energy are also provided. Seven additional energy-related links discuss global warming, ethanol fuel use, biodiesel, and air quality, among others topics. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

13

A Business Driven Management Framework for Utility Computing Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce a Business Driven Framework for the Management of Utility Computing Environments (BDMF). The framework couples two main subsystems on top of a n IETF-like policy-based resource control layer. They are MBO (Management by Business Objectives) where the decision ability supported by analysis of business objectives resides, and GSLA (Generalized SLA), an advanced framework for SLA

Issam Aib; Mathias Sallé; Claudio Bartolini; Abdel Boulmakoul

14

A Future Astronomical Software Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analyzing data sets in astronomy has become more and more complex and has driven the development of specific tools, functions and tasks. In order to integrate these tools in a global environment and thereby preserving them, the OPTICON Network 9.2 in coordination with US-VAO has outlined requirements, defined an architectural concept and developed a prototype of a Future Astronomical Software Environment (FASE). Important features are support for user scripting (e.g. Python), access to legacy applications (e.g. IRAF, MIDAS), integration with the Virtual Observatory (VO) for access to remote data and computation, and scalability supporting desktops to distributed cluster systems. A first prototype has been implemented and demonstrates the feasibility by offering access to numerous applications (e.g. ds9, ESO CPL pipelines, MIDAS, topcat) from a Python or Unix shell using VO-SAMP as a software bus. A simple packaging system is also provided to allow easy definition and sharing of applications at a Web portal.

Grosböl, P.; Tody, D.; Paioro, L.; Granet, Y.; Garilli, B.; Surace, C.; Opticon Fase Network

2012-09-01

15

Commercial Service Discovery in Mobile E-Business Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to recent developments in mobile E-business networks and devices, many researches are on going to apply commercial services to mobile network environments. This paper proposes a novel distributed commercial service discovery algorithm in mobile E-business environments. This method is based on the concepts of social relationship overlay. At each node, the request is replicated and forwarded to several neighbors,

Guangwei Fang

2010-01-01

16

Trust Management Framework for Distributed E-Business Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's electronic systems face important problems of security and trust. In a paperless e-business environment, the lack of legal documents with signatures and other identification proof of authorized business entities introduce the problem of non-repudiation and security which arises as a result of lack of trust. Proper mechanism to ensure trusted e- business transactions is a much-felt need of the

A. Kannammal; S. N. Iyengar

17

Towards Increasing Business Students' Confidence in Facing an Ethically Confusing Business Environment: A Strategic Management Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presentation will focus on the application of self leadership and strategic management concepts to help make sense of the current global financial crisis and its critical connection with our future business professionals' perceptions of ethical behavior. The author will explore ideas that lead to the strengthening of business students'…

Fox-Wolfgramm, Susan J.

2010-01-01

18

A Learning Framework for the Small Business Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this article is to offer insight into the factors affecting individual and organisational learning in a small business; specifically the identification of the learning relationships that are unique to the small business environment. Design/methodology/approach: The authors apply Crossan et al.'s (1997, 1999) Organisational…

Kelliher, Felicity; Henderson, Joan Bernadette

2006-01-01

19

Applying an Authentic, Dynamic Learning Environment in Real World Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a dynamic computer-based business learning environment and the results from applying it in a real-world business organization. We argue for using learning tools, which not only provide realistic and complex models of reality, but are also are authentic, facilitate continuous problem solving and meaningful learning, and embed…

Lainema, Timo; Nurmi, Sami

2006-01-01

20

THE IMPACT OF LANGUAGES ON THE ONLINE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with an analysis of the English language, as lingua franca of the Internet, mainly online business environment. If a business has already developed a Web site, it is important to translate the site into the target language of a particular foreign market. It sounds easy, but is a literal translation all that's required for a different culture?

MUSEANU ELENA; COANCA MARIANA

2010-01-01

21

"Piggybacking" on Business Communication through Interdisciplinarity: Developing Student Communication Skills in Legal Environment of Business Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe an assignment for a legal environment of business course that builds upon and reinforces strong business communication practices. The assignment discusses "piggybacking," which is the unauthorized use of another person's wireless Internet connection. In this assignment, the students are required (1) to…

Cooley, Amanda Harmon

2009-01-01

22

The Future of the Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In terms of population growth and resource use, hu mankind is living on the upper slopes of some awesome geometric curves. Current growth rates have certain areas of the world doubling their population every 25 years. What is at risk is no less than the future of the whole globe. It will be hard for the world to avoid a

Richard D. Lamm

1992-01-01

23

China Debates the Future Security Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study's main finding is that for these Chinese authors, the future security environment is remarkably clear, even if some aspects are still subject to debate. Surprisingly, this clear picture is consistent with what Chairman Mao and Premier Zhou Enla...

M. Pillsbury

2000-01-01

24

Business list vs ground observation for measuring a food environment: saving time or waste of time (or worse)?  

PubMed

In food-environment research, an alternative to resource-intensive direct observation on the ground has been the use of commercial business lists. We sought to determine how well a frequently used commercial business list measures a dense urban food environment like the Bronx, NY. On 155 Bronx street segments, investigators compared two different levels for matches between the business list and direct ground observation: lenient (by business type) and strict (by business name). For each level of matching, researchers calculated sensitivities and positive predictive values (PPVs) for the business list overall and by broad business categories: General Grocers (eg, supermarkets), Specialty Food Stores (eg, produce markets), Restaurants, and Businesses Not Primarily Selling Food (eg, newsstands). Even after cleaning the business list (eg, for cases of multiple listings at a single location), and allowing for inexactness in listed street addresses and spellings of business names, the overall performance of the business list was poor. For strict matches, the business list had an overall sensitivity of 39.3% and PPV of 45.5%. Sensitivities and PPVs by broad business categories were not meaningfully different from overall values, although sensitivity for General Grocers and PPV for Specialty Food Stores were particularly low: 26.2% and 32%, respectively. For lenient matches, sensitivities and PPVs were somewhat higher but still poor: 52.4% to 60% and 60% to 75%, respectively. The business list is inadequate to measure the actual food environment in the Bronx. If results represent performance in other settings, findings from prior studies linking food environments to diet and diet-related health outcomes using such business lists are in question, and future studies of this type should avoid relying solely on such business lists. PMID:23871107

Lucan, Sean C; Maroko, Andrew R; Bumol, Joel; Torrens, Luis; Varona, Monica; Berke, Ethan M

2013-10-01

25

MOVING A BUSINESS TO AN E-WORLD ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

If there is one characteristic that captures the e-world spirit today, it is the intimidating uncertainty of who will be the future winners and losers in a market characterized by rapid and continuous change and innovation. How should a business handle the transition into an e-world? How should they build on their past competencies without harming their competitive strengths while

Donald Shiner; Robert W. Jolliffe; Ian Ferguson; David Nicholson

26

CEO Perspectives on Scanning the Global Hotel Business Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on the first survey of chief executive officers of multinational hotel chains, sponsored by the International Hotel Association. The purpose of the survey was to assess the environmental scanning practices in those hotel firms and to learn how their executives view the uncertainty of the global business environment.

Michael D. Olsen; Bvsan Murthy; Richard Teare

1994-01-01

27

Development of management philosophy for Chinese business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to explore how management approaches are adopted in the modern Chinese business environment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire survey was conducted among the companies based in Hong Kong with manufacturing processes in China and supplying their products to the global market. The results of the survey are analyzed in conjunction with traditional Chinese philosophy, Malcolm Baldrige

Tat Y. Lee

2005-01-01

28

A New Paradigm for the Teaching of Business Law and Legal Environment Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need to develop curriculum and materials on law-related topics better designed for business students planning a career in business. Except incidentally, business school legal faculty are not teaching future lawyers or paralegals. The world of the business practitioner is very different from that of the lawyer. For most business people…

Lampe, Marc

2006-01-01

29

Design and implementation of domain-specific business information search system in Electronic Commerce environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In electronic commerce (EC) environment, the quality of business information directly affects the level of enterprise operations. This paper analyzes the common methods of business information retrieval in EC environment, and designs a software system which can automatically collect business information in Internet and extract business information required by enterprise from database directly. The system adopts meta-search engine to expand

Ruijun Xia; Qing Wang; Dingwei Wang; Lili Liu

2009-01-01

30

Business Education in Asia and Australasia: Recent Trends and Future Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The globalization of business education is leading to convergence in the traditionally more diverse business curriculum. This can be seen by examining the mission and vision statements of Asia and Australasia's leading business schools, which emphasize the provision of quality learning and scholarship; educating future leaders; and…

Kearney, Colm

2013-01-01

31

Risk Management and the Business Environment in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management involves tracking market and non-market long-range risks, understanding their adverse impact on the business environment, and managerial responses to reduce risk exposure. As an emerging market, South Africa poses a challenging array of long-term political, economic, financial and operational risks to investors. Risks such as concerns about increased costs, lack of transparency, limited capacity to enforce the rule

Jay van Wyk; William Dahmer; Mary C. Custy

2004-01-01

32

Business Education Delphi Study of Future Directions for the Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business education has a long history of growth, change, and development. Instruction "about" commercial practices and "for" business employment is fundamental to every known society, and the key question for contemporary societies, especially highly developed economies, is how business education can best be implemented, and by whom.…

Lambrecht, Judith J.

2007-01-01

33

Continuation of Futuring the Business Education Curriculum Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains six papers on preparing business education students and teachers to meet projected job needs. The papers, presented at four meetings of the New York Statewide Business Education Review Committee, address four major topics: (1) identifying projected skills, attitudes, and knowledge expected of entry level business employees in…

City Univ. of New York, NY. Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.

34

It's Not Easy Being Green: Bringing Real Life to the Undergraduate Legal Environment of Business Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Legal Environment of Business course in a traditional undergraduate business curriculum, students are expected to acquire knowledge about many areas of the law and the application of law to business, society, and the international marketplace. Current concepts in undergraduate business education, such as ethics and sustainability, must also…

Marcum, Tanya M.; Perry, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

35

Haste in Knowledge-Intensive Work: A Major Threat to Information Security Management in Business Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information security is a comprehensive and specialized discipline and related to many different topics of business and science. In this framework, this paper focuses on the role and behavior of business leaders in the hectic modern business environments in realizing and practicing business-related information security management. One of the most obvious characteristics of our modern society and all kinds of

Juhani Anttila; Jorma Kajava

2009-01-01

36

The Future Astronomical Software Environment progress .  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The OPTICON working group 3.6 in collaboration with international partners and in coordination with the Virtual Observatory, has already identified the high level requirements and the main architectural concepts for a future software environment for astronomical data reduction and analysis (Future Astronomical Software Environment). A special attention has been payed to: a) scalability, to allow the reduction of huge data volumes exploiting the hardware and software parallel architecture, b) interoperability, in order to guarantee the interaction between software coming from different sources and make easy the access to the Virtual Observatory, c) and modularity, to separate the adopted software technology from the specific computational algorithm and allow an independent evolution of the two areas. The proposed concepts have been widely discussed and shared by the astronomical community; however a lot of work still remains to do, mainly: a) the definition of open standards, b) the verification of such standards thanks to at least one reference implementation and practical user cases, c) and the whole must be supported at least by the major international organizations that develop data reduction and analysis software. All this work has led up to the definition of a new proposal for FP7 within OPTICON (where ESO, INAF, LAM-OAMP and NRAO/NVO are actively involved) which we present describing the project in detail and adding a description of the European FASE prototype, developed by INAF-IASF Milano in collaboration with LAM-OAMP (Marseille).

Paioro, L.; Garilli, B.; Grosböl, P.; Tody, D.; Surace, C.; Fenouillet, T.; Franzetti, P.; Fumana, M.; Scodeggio, M.

37

The status of business ethics: Past and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business ethics, which grew out of religion's interest in ethics in business and management education's concern with social issues, has become an interdisciplinary academic field. Thus far it has centered on teaching undergraduates. The easy work has now been done and the field has reached a plateau. To develop further it requires development on the MBA level, high quality research

Richard T. De George

1987-01-01

38

Enterprising Futures: Training and Education and Small Businesses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part-time business students employed by small/medium-sized enterprises (n=22) generally considered course content relevant to small businesses, but thought guest speakers and case studies could improve courses. The students had problems finding enough time to assimilate learning. More flexibility in scheduling was desired. (SK)

Clarke, Julia; Gibson-Sweet, Monica

1998-01-01

39

The Current and Future Role of Business Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Considerable debate since the global financial crisis has been evident concerning the role of business schools. This article aims to outline the authors' research on their role. Design/methodology/approach: The paper begins with an overview of the significant literature highlighting the current debates impacting on business schools…

Rayment, John; Smith, Jonathan

2013-01-01

40

Will the ethics of business change? A survey of future executives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of a study of attitudes of future business executives towards issues of social responsibility and business ethics. The 455 respondents, who were MBA students during 1985 at one dozen schools from various regions in the United States, were asked to respond to a series of open-ended and closed-ended questions. From the responses to the questions

Thomas M. Jones; Frederick H. Gautschi

1988-01-01

41

Towards sustainably managed media organizations: reflections on the future of responsible business in media industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to offer insight into the future of responsible business in the media industry. The focus of analysis is on the views and opinions of leading CEOs in media companies in Finland about responsible business and the social and organizational challenges faced by the media industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To explore the views of

Markku Wilenius; Nando Malmelin

2009-01-01

42

Research in Online and Blended Learning in the Business Disciplines: Key Findings and Possible Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this literature review, we examine and assess the state of research of online and blended learning in the business disciplines with the intent of assessing the state of the field and identifying opportunities for meaningful future research. We review research from business disciplines such as Accounting, Economics, Finance, Information Systems…

Arbaugh, J. B.; Godfrey, Michael R.; Johnson, Marianne; Pollack, Birgit Leisen; Niendorf, Bruce; Wresch, William

2009-01-01

43

Future Directions of Management Science and Operations Management in Business School Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fields of Management Science (MS) and Operations Management (OM) have co-existed in business school curricula for over a half century. This paper examines five trends that point toward a bright future for Operations Management in the business curriculum. These trends include an increasing emphasis on global competition, the growth of the…

Fuller, Jack A.; Denton, James W.

2006-01-01

44

Building Florida's Future: Quality and Access or Business as Usual?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How many of Florida's four million children should expect to attend the State University System someday? And what should they find when they arrive? The bare minimum? Or world-class universities with facilities on a par with the best the nation has to offer? This report states that a "business as usual" approach has corroded the link between the…

Board of Governors, State University System of Florida, 2006

2006-01-01

45

Future space. A new blueprint for business architecture.  

PubMed

Although the Internet is an essential conduit for many business activities, it isn't rendering the physical world any less important, as the failures of many Web merchants demonstrate. People need social and sensual contact. The companies that succeed will be those best able to integrate the physical and the virtual. But that requires a new kind of business architecture--a new approach to designing stores, offices, factories, and other spaces where business is conducted. The author, a faculty member at Harvard Graduate School of Design, provides practical guidelines to help managers and entrepreneurs think creatively about the structures in which their businesses operate. He outlines four challenges facing designers of such "convergent" structures, so-called because they function in both physical and virtual space: matching form to function, allowing visitors to visualize the presence of others, personalizing spaces, and choreographing connectivity. Using numerous examples, from a fashion retailer that wants to sell in stores as well as through a Web site to a radically new kind of consulate, the author shows how businesses can meet each challenge. For instance, allowing customers to visualize the presence of others means that visitors to a Web site should be given a sense of other site visitors. Personalizing physical and virtual spaces involves using databases to enable those spaces to adapt quickly to user preferences. The success of companies attempting to merge on-line and traditional operations will depend on many factors. But without a well-designed convergent architecture, no company will fully reap the synergies of physical space and Internet technology. PMID:11299691

Huang, J

2001-04-01

46

The Attorney-Client Relationship as a Business Law-Legal Environment Topic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business school law courses should promote understanding of legal processes affecting business, help students learn to recognize legal issues and manage legal risks, increase ethical sensitivity, and help students to develop critical thinking skills. To this end, business law and legal environment textbooks tend to focus on ethical and legal…

Levin, Murray S.

2004-01-01

47

A framework for performance measurement in the e-business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of networked economy calls for new understanding of business, and it is evidenced by the visible trend of traditional businesses either migrating to e-business or expanding to embrace electronic commerce. Constant change in the environment means continually evolving strategies, new products, new processes and new technologies to adopt. E-business metrics are needed to measure performance with the firm’s

Wayne G. Bremser; Q. B. Chung

2005-01-01

48

The Role of Trust in Business-to-Business E-Commerce Collaboration in a Unique Environment in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explores interorganisational collaboration in business-to-business e-commerce, and the factors that influence its development in a unique Australian environment. Using a qualitative case study approach, seven informants from four Tasmanian organisations were interviewed. The data confirmed trust was an important prerequisite for the establishment and development of both electronic and traditional interorganisational relationships. Collaborative relations such as communication and

Carol Pollard; Amanda Diggles

2006-01-01

49

MODELLING THE FUTURE IMPACT OF FREIGHT TRANSPORT ON THE ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of research aiming to forecast the course of business-as-usual (BAU) trends in logistics and related environmental impacts within the UK. A series of seven focus group discussions with supply chain experts has resulted in the identification of the key logistics trends likely to affect the supply chains in the future. A spreadsheet model has been

Maja Piecyk; Julia Edwards; Alan McKinnon

50

Characterizing the food environment: Pitfalls and future directions  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess a county population’s exposure to different types of food sources reported to affect both diet quality and obesity rates. Design: Food permit records obtained from the local health department served to establish the full census of food stores and restaurants. Employing prior categorization schemes which classified the relative healthfulness of food sources based on establishment type (i.e. supermarkets versus convenience stores, or full-service versus fast food restaurants), food establishments were assigned to the healthy, unhealthy, or undetermined groups. Setting: King County, WA. Subjects: Full census of food sources. Results: According to all categorization schemes, most food establishments in King County fell into the unhealthy and undetermined groups. The use of the food permit data showed that large stores, which included supermarkets as healthy food establishments, contained a sizeable number of bakery/delis, fish/meat, ethnic and standard quick service restaurants, and coffee shops, all food sources that, when housed in a separate venue or owned by a different business establishment, were classified as either unhealthy or of undetermined value to health. Conclusions: To fully assess the potential health effects of exposure to the extant food environment, future research would need to establish the health value of foods in the many such common establishments as individually owned grocery stores and ethnic food stores and restaurants. Within- venue exposure to foods should also be investigated.

Vernez Moudon, Anne; Drewnowski, Adam; Duncan, Glen E; Hurvitz, Philip M; Saelens, Brian E; Scharnhorst, Eric

2014-01-01

51

Virtual Business Operating Environment in the Cloud: Conceptual Architecture and Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in service oriented architecture (SOA) have brought us close to the once imaginary vision of establishing and running a virtual business, a business in which most or all of its business functions are outsourced to online services. Cloud computing offers a realization of SOA in which IT resources are offered as services that are more affordable, flexible and attractive to businesses. In this paper, we briefly study advances in cloud computing, and discuss the benefits of using cloud services for businesses and trade-offs that they have to consider. We then present 1) a layered architecture for the virtual business, and 2) a conceptual architecture for a virtual business operating environment. We discuss the opportunities and research challenges that are ahead of us in realizing the technical components of this conceptual architecture. We conclude by giving the outlook and impact of cloud services on both large and small businesses.

Nezhad, Hamid R. Motahari; Stephenson, Bryan; Singhal, Sharad; Castellanos, Malu

52

Object Oriented Business Process Modelling in RFID Applied Computing Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a tracking technology, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is now widely applied to enhance the context awareness of enterprise information systems. Such awareness provides great opportunities to facilitate business process automation and thereby improve operation efficiency and accuracy. With the aim to incorporate business logics into RFID-enabled applications, this book chapter addresses how RFID technologies impact current business process management and the characteristics of object-oriented business process modelling. This chapter first discusses the rationality and advantages of applying object-oriented process modelling in RFID applications, then addresses the requirements and guidelines for RFID data management and process modelling. Two typical solutions are introduced to further illustrate the modelling and incorporation of business logics/business processes into RFID edge systems. To demonstrate the applicability of these two approaches, a detailed case study is conducted within a distribution centre scenario.

Zhao, Xiaohui; Liu, Chengfei; Lin, Tao

53

Business Value of Information Technology in Network Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Technology (IT) business value research is suggested as fundamental to the contribution of the IS discipline. The IS research community has accumulated a critical mass of IT business value studies, but only limited or mixed results have been found on the direct relationship between IT and firm performance. Extant studies mostly focus…

Liu, Yucong

2012-01-01

54

Distributed energy efficiency in future home environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a new architecture for sharing resources among home environments is proposed. Our approach goes far beyond\\u000a traditional systems for distributed virtualization, like PlanetLab or grid computing, as it relies on complete decentralization\\u000a in a peer-to-peer (P2P) like manner and, above all, aims at energy efficiency. Energy metrics are defined, which have to be\\u000a optimized by the system.

Helmut Hlavacs; Roman Weidlich; Karin Anna Hummel; Amine M. Houyou; Andreas Berl; Hermann De Meer

2008-01-01

55

The Database Business: Managing Today--Planning for Tomorrow. Issues and Futures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues and the future of the database business are discussed in five papers. Topics covered include aspects relating to the quality of database production; international ownership in the U.S. information marketplace; an overview of pricing strategies in the electronic information industry; and pricing issues from the viewpoints of online…

Aitchison, T. M.; And Others

1988-01-01

56

Culture and international business: recent advances and their implications for future research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides a state-of-the-art review of several innovative advances in culture and international business (IB) to stimulate new avenues for future research. We first review the issues surrounding cultural convergence and divergence, and the processes underlying cultural changes. We then examine novel constructs for characterizing cultures, and how to enhance the precision of cultural models by pinpointing when cultural

Kwok Leung; Rabi S Bhagat; Nancy R Buchan; Miriam Erez; Cristina B Gibson

2005-01-01

57

PLA Shapes the Future Security Environment (Colloquium Brief, October 2005).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over 50 experts on China and the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) gathered at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, from September 23-25, to attend the 2005 PLA Conference, 'The PLA Shapes the Future Security Environment, ' cosponsored by the Heritage Fo...

A. Gudgel

2005-01-01

58

NSF Releases "Pathways to the Future" Environment Report  

NSF Publications Database

... to the Future" Environment Report Research on human and natural-system links called integral The ... combinations of factors in their research, such as the interactions between human activities and ...

59

Essays on the effects of information technology and the Internet on business environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis, we investigate the effects of Information Technology (IT) and the Internet on business environments from three perspectives: the catalyst function of IT and the Internet in developing new business models, the enabler role of these technologies for emerging digital marketplaces, and their transforming effects on organizational measures such as productivity. The first essay analyzes a novel e-commerce

Yasin Ozcelik

2005-01-01

60

Assessments of alternative energy\\/environment futures in Wisconsin  

Microsoft Academic Search

A set of three long-term alternative Energy\\/Environment futures for the State of Wisconsin is presented. Each future is developed within a framework of policies and assumptions about population growth, economic activity, urban structure, technology of energy use, energy supply systems, and pollution control strategies. Policy issues are examined by comparing the scenario results and their sensitivity to varying parameters. The

W. A. Buehring; J. S. Buehring; R. L. Dennis; W. K. Foell; M. E. Hanson

1977-01-01

61

Implementing a Course in Business Environment and Public Policy: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course of study dealing with business values, ethics, and environment. The course focuses on issues concerning ethical and moral considerations that may be encountered in the marketplace. (JOW)

Wooten, Bob E.; Snider, Walter D.

1982-01-01

62

The enterprise of crime and terror – the implication for good business : Looking to the future – old and new threats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider some possible future trends or developments in the fight against organised crime and the terrorist operating ostensibly within the business sphere, in the light of the threats, both present and future that such criminal activity poses, for society and for business activity in the UK. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper outlines

Gary Scanlan

2006-01-01

63

Virtualization in energy-efficient future home environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home environments promise high potential in terms of resource sharing and energy saving. More and more home computers are running on an always-on basis (e.g., media centers or file sharing clients). Such home environments have not been sufficiently analyzed regarding the possibility of aggregating home user resources in an energy-efficient way. This article describes a future home environment in which

Andreas Berl; Hermann Meer; Helmut Hlavacs; Thomas Treutner

2009-01-01

64

International Business Education in a Global Environment: A Conceptual Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The globalisation phenomenon poses a different set of challenges to the higher education system in countries around the world and requires that international business students be prepared to function professionally in an increasingly complex, interdependent, and dynamic economy. Understanding the educational implications of the…

Ortiz, Jaime

2004-01-01

65

Precision Information Environments Envisioning the future of emergency management  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are developing future work environments for the emergency management community called Precision Information Environments (or PIEs). PIEs will provide tailored access to information and decision support capabilities in a system that supports the multiple user roles, contexts, and phases of emergency management, planning, and response. This video gives you a look at one vision for the future. To view an annotated version that describes each of the technology concepts you'll see as well as the end user needs that motivated them and the research challenges that must be addressed to make them a reality visit http://precisioninformation.org.

None

2010-04-01

66

Optimization of a Future RLV Business Case using Multiple Strategic Market Prices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a lack of depth in the current paradigm of conceptual level economic models used to evaluate the value and viability of future capital projects such as a commercial reusable launch vehicle (RLV). Current modeling methods assume a single price is charged to all customers, public or private, in order to optimize the economic metrics of interest. This assumption may not be valid given the different utility functions for space services of public and private entities. The government's requirements are generally more inflexible than its commercial counterparts. A government's launch schedules are much more rigid, choices of international launch services restricted, and launch specifications generally more stringent as well as numerous. These requirements generally make the government's demand curve more inelastic. Subsequently, a launch vehicle provider will charge a higher price (launch price per kg) to the government and may obtain a higher level of financial profit compared to an equivalent a commercial payload. This profit is not a sufficient condition to enable RLV development by itself but can help in making the financial situation slightly better. An RLV can potentially address multiple payload markets; each market has a different price elasticity of demand for both the commercial and government customer. Thus, a more resilient examination of the economic landscape requires optimization of multiple prices in which each price affects a different demand curve. Such an examination is performed here using the Cost and Business Analysis Module (CABAM), an MS-Excel spreadsheet-based model that attempts to couple both the demand and supply for space transportation services in the future. The demand takes the form of market assumptions (both near-term and far-term) and the supply comes from user-defined vehicles that are placed into the model. CABAM represents RLV projects as commercial endeavors with the possibility to model the effects of government contribution, tax-breaks, loan guarantees, etc. The optimization performed here is for a 3rd Generation RLV program. The economic metric being optimized (maximized) is Net Present Value (NPV) based upon a given company financial structure and cost of capital assumptions. Such an optimization process demands more sophisticated optimizers and can result in non-unique solutions/local minimums if using gradient-based optimization. Domain spanning/evolutionary algorithms are used to obtain the optimized solution in the design space. These capabilities generally increase model calculation time but incorporate realistic pricing portfolios than just assuming one unified price for all launch markets. This analysis is conducted with CABAM running in Phoenix Integration's ModelCenter 4.0 collaborative design environment using the SpaceWorks Engineering, Inc. (SEI) OptWorks suite of optimization components.

Charania, A.; Olds, J. R.

2002-01-01

67

Learning Environments of the Future: Narrow to Broadband via DVD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the World Wide Web becomes part of mainstream learning and teaching at Australian universities, changes to online learning include a proliferation in the use of commercial learning environments and in the movement of institutional processes online. These changes indicate that now is an appropriate time to plan for the future. The University of…

Caladine, Richard

68

South African Children's Concepts of Their Future Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, which is a revised version of a paper presented at the XXIV World Congress of OMEP conference in Melbourne in July 2004, reports on a study that explored young children's (5-9 years) vision of their future environment in South Africa--as temporal dimension, illustrating their conceptual understanding of this concept. A sample of 320…

van Staden, Christie J. S.

2006-01-01

69

Current preferences and future demand for denser residential environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article assesses the future demand for denser, more walkable residential environments in the United States as a whole. A review of survey evidence on preferences is coupled with demographic projections and other trends to construct a demand projection for the period 2000 to 2010 and compare it with 1990 to 2000.It is possible to foresee a turnabout already under

Dowell Myers; Elizabeth Gearin

2001-01-01

70

Small business policy in the United Kingdom: the inheritance of the Small Business Service and implications for its future effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The launch of the Small Business Service in the United Kingdom stimulated a review of small business policy and support in the United Kingdom. The Service inherited a substantial number of policies and initiatives which have been criticised for their poorly stated aims and overall lack of coherence. The authors examine justifications for small business policy in Britain and the

James Curran; David J Storey

2002-01-01

71

Attitudes toward Business Ethics and Degree of Opinion Leadership of Future Managers In the United States, Finland, and China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the attitudes towards business ethics of future managers in three countries: the United State, Finland, and China, and determine whether business ethics attitudes differed by the student's major, class year, GPA, gender, age, and the number of ethics and religious studies courses completed.…

Comegys, Charles; Vaisanen, Jaani; Lupton, Robert A.; Rawlinson, David R.

2013-01-01

72

The Milan-Marseille Future Astronomical Software Environment Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European OPTICON Network 3.6, in collaboration with theUS National Virtual Observatory, is working on the definition of requirements and general architecture of a new scalable and interoperable software environment. Such environment, named the Future Astronomical Software Environment (FASE), is intended to be a common platform for data reduction and analysis applications, supporting and exploiting (but not replacing) new technologies like Virtual Observatory and Grids. The advanced status of the study and design has led to the need of putting such ideas in a concrete form, implementing a first prototype. We present the FASE prototype developed by INAF-IASF Milano and LAM Marseille and the practical application of its engineering to the VIPGI data reduction package. We show the technologies adopted, the problems solved and to be tackled, and possible future developments.

Garilli, B.; Paioro, L.; Fenouillet, T.; Surace, C.

2007-10-01

73

Configurations of manufacturing strategy, business strategy, environment and structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

By developing strategic configurations which describe commonly used paths to competitive advantage for manufacturers, this paper reconciles some basic concepts from competitive strategy and manufacturing strategy. Four basic strategic configurations are identified: niche differentiator, broad differentiator, cost leader, and lean competitor. The configurations are traced conceptually through competitive strategy, organizational structure, environment, and a strategic framework of manufacturing capabilities and

G. Keong Leong

1996-01-01

74

Company Management in a Global Business Environment - Old Concepts with New Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global business environment is preferably characterized by turbulences as well as by uncertainties and other undeterminable parameters which can hardly be described by routine mathematical tools. At these circumstances corporate management could be likened to ship captain who has to rudder a ship through hell and high water without having correct maps. All of a sudden he has to rely

Miroslav Špa?ek

2008-01-01

75

An Approach to Constructing Business Process in Wireless Migrating Workflow Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to support process construction in wireless migrating workflow system, this paper presents an approach based on task components for resource-limited executing environment. First, we propose a business process construction model based on the idea that the process logic is separated from the process instances, and then abstract the process generation as a resource-constrained combinatorial optimization problem whose objective

Jie Cheng; Guangzhou Zeng; Hong He

2008-01-01

76

One Approach to Formulating and Evaluating Student Work Groups in Legal Environment of Business Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principal focus of this study is an investigation of whether students' grade point average (GPA) is a viable criterion for forming student work groups in the undergraduate Legal Environment of Business course. More specifically, the research focuses on the impact of: (1) GPA-homogeneous (HO) and GPA-heterogeneous (HE) groups upon student…

Camara, Joan E.; Carr, B. Nathaniel; Grota, Barbara L.

2007-01-01

77

Character Development in Business Education: A Comparison of Coeducational and Single-Sex Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study questions the widely held assumption, particularly in the United States, that coeducation is best. Previous research supports the development of single-sex education for both female and male students. This study examines how the learning climate of the coeducation environment seems to affect the character development of female business

Davis, James H.; Ruhe, John; Lee, Monle; Rajadhyaksha, Ujvala

2011-01-01

78

Business Strategies and Firm Approach to the Natural Environment: Case of Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of natural environment has attracted serious concerns from the world business people and became a crucial part of inter- national trade issues. Therefore, companies which intend to enter into global trade, are challenged to comprehend relationships between pollution prevention, ISO 14000 program, government regulations, environmental performances, and work opportunities. In addition to this, a lot of environmental violation

Dian Ekowatia

79

An assessment of the business environment for high-tech industrial development in Shanghai  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author presents the analysis of a survey of 500 high-tech enterprises in Shanghai which was designed to examine the local social, political, and economic environment in which high-tech enterprises operate and compete. Information sought in this survey comes in two kinds: the characteristics of high-tech enterprises; and their assessments of specified elements constituting their business environment. Survey findings suggested

Wen Hong

2003-01-01

80

Developing the International Business Curriculum: Results and Implications of a Delphi Study on the Futures of Teaching and Learning in International Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a Delphi study concerning the futures of teaching and learning in International Business (IB), a topic that has been receiving a lot of discussion during recent years. Based on our findings we identify two dimensions which may be at the core and instrumental for developing the value proposition of IB. The first…

Zettinig, Peter; Vincze, Zsuzsanna

2008-01-01

81

The Office of the Future--Implications for Change in Education. Position Papers: Annual Business Education Invitational Forum (4th, Provo, Utah, 1977). Research and Service Project Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains six position papers presented by guest businessmen during the fourth annual Business Education Invitational Forum on the topic of implications of current change and technology in the environment in the office of the future. The article, The Office in the 1970's, describes the office as it is and as it is evolving, defines…

Waters, Max L., Ed.

82

Future Mission Data Environment: Virtualizing Access to Solar Physics Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several virtual observatory efforts, currently in development, have the potential to change the way we identify and access the data we use to solve problems in solar physics. The Virtual Solar Observatory (VSO) seeks to simplify the identification and access processes in as "light-weight" a way as possible, in order to provide such services to solar physicists, their data assimilation models, and their colleagues in related fields. We describe the design of the VSO, the data services currently available, and concepts of the solar-terrestrial data environment five years in the future.

Gurman, Joseph

2004-01-01

83

Fighting Global Corruption: Business Risk Management. Information for Global Businesses and Organizations on Navigating the International Anticorruption Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Corruption: Why It Matters; Developing an Anticorruption Strategy: Detection and Prevention Measures for Businesses; General Elements of An Effective Corporate Compliance Program; Accountability - Good Governance Is Good for Businesses and Gover...

2000-01-01

84

Development of a Business Intelligence Environment for e-Gov Using Open Source Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a It has become common for modern organizations to use advanced information systems for helping their daily operational task.\\u000a However, there is still a large demand for software solutions that enable straightforward data analysis from these systems.\\u000a Aiming to solve this problem, Business Intelligence (BI) environments were created. Electronic Government (e-Gov) systems,\\u000a which typically work with governmental operational data, can take

Eduardo Zanoni Marques; Rodrigo Sanches Miani; Everton Luiz de Almeida Gago Júnior; Leonardo de Souza Mendes

2010-01-01

85

How do Chinese Canadian Entrepreneurs Start Businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the empirical survey, the paper identified the profile, motivations and entrepreneurial characteristics of the Chinese Canadian entrepreneurs and their businesses; analyze the process of the venture creation; explore the barriers and the business environments confronted by them as well as their future business plans and success factors; and to propose some suggestions for the government.

Li Baoming

2006-01-01

86

Unfinished Business: Continued Investment in Child Care and Early Education Is Critical to Business and America's Future. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business leaders have an acute understanding of the importance of a well-educated workforce to support a strong economy, keep America competitive globally, and ensure a vibrant democracy. Right now 20 percent of the American labor force is functionally illiterate or innumerate. High-quality child care and early education builds a strong foundation…

Committee for Economic Development, 2012

2012-01-01

87

Organizational Strategy and Business Environment Effects Based on a Computation Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to many researchers of organizational theory, a great number of problems encountered by the manufacturing firms are due to their ineffectiveness to respond to significant changes of their external environment and align their competitive strategy accordingly. From this point of view, the pursuit of the appropriate generic strategy is vital for firms facing a dynamic and highly competitive environment. In the present paper, we adopt Porter's typology to operationalise organizational strategy (cost leadership, innovative and marketing differentiation, and focus) considering changes in the external business environment (dynamism, complexity and munificence). Although simulation of social events is a quite difficult task, since there are so many considerations (not all well understood) involved, in the present study we developed a dynamic system based on the conceptual framework of strategy-environment associations.

Reklitis, Panagiotis; Konstantopoulos, Nikolaos; Trivellas, Panagiotis

2007-12-01

88

Family-friendliness in business as a key issue for the future  

PubMed Central

These days family-friendliness is a key issue for the future of businesses. Investments in a family conscious personnel policy are considered as forward-looking decisions in companies. This happens against the background of a sustainable personnel policy in times of a decrease in the number of employable persons, an increasing shortage of skilled workers and an ageing workforce. Family-friendly working conditions are becoming a key factor in the competition for staff. When choosing an employer, family-friendliness has become a crucial topic. Employment participation and skills of women, especially of mothers, have greatly increased. To facilitate the realisation of their wish to return to paid employment, however, measures to reconcile work and family are required. Family-conscious measures have been proven to lead to higher employee productivity. Job satisfaction and motivation of employees and accumulation of human capital increase, absenteeism declines, the return of investment rises. Fields of activity for family-friendly measures in companies range from working arrangements, parental leave and re-entry programmes and various child care offers to services for families. In connection with the demographic development the demand for a better reconciliation of work and elder care should in future become ever more important, just as the upkeep of the occupational skills and working capacity of an ageing workforce. Family-friendliness has to become an integral part of corporate culture.

Stutzer, Erich

2012-01-01

89

Family-friendliness in business as a key issue for the future.  

PubMed

These days family-friendliness is a key issue for the future of businesses. Investments in a family conscious personnel policy are considered as forward-looking decisions in companies. This happens against the background of a sustainable personnel policy in times of a decrease in the number of employable persons, an increasing shortage of skilled workers and an ageing workforce. Family-friendly working conditions are becoming a key factor in the competition for staff. When choosing an employer, family-friendliness has become a crucial topic. Employment participation and skills of women, especially of mothers, have greatly increased. To facilitate the realisation of their wish to return to paid employment, however, measures to reconcile work and family are required. Family-conscious measures have been proven to lead to higher employee productivity. Job satisfaction and motivation of employees and accumulation of human capital increase, absenteeism declines, the return of investment rises. Fields of activity for family-friendly measures in companies range from working arrangements, parental leave and re-entry programmes and various child care offers to services for families. In connection with the demographic development the demand for a better reconciliation of work and elder care should in future become ever more important, just as the upkeep of the occupational skills and working capacity of an ageing workforce. Family-friendliness has to become an integral part of corporate culture. PMID:22558031

Stutzer, Erich

2012-01-01

90

New Rules of Business for the Future of Community Colleges: Design of the Critical Issue Discussion Forums  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the Community College Futures Assembly, 3 critical discussion groups, each organized by an area of focus, conceptualized "New Rules" guiding the operation of community colleges. Utilizing 55 "New Rules for Business" provided by the keynote speaker Mark N. Vamos, each group identified 2-3 New Rules relevant to community college leadership in the…

Honeyman, David S.; Berry, James; Mullin, Christopher M.

2007-01-01

91

The future of bibliographic standards in a networked information environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The main mission of the CENDI Cataloging Working Group is to provide guidelines for cataloging practices that support the sharing of database records among the CENDI agencies, and that incorporate principles based on cost effectiveness and efficiency. Recent efforts include the extension of COSATI Guidelines for the Cataloging of Technical Reports to include non-print materials, and the mapping of each agency's export file structure to USMARC. Of primary importance is the impact of electronic documents and the distributed nature of the networked information environment. Topics discussed during the workshop include the following: Trade-offs in Cataloging and Indexing Internet Information; The Impact on Current and Future Standards; A Look at WWW Metadata Initiatives; Standards for Electronic Journals; The Present and Future Search Engines; The Roles for Text Analysis Software; Advanced Search Engine Meets Metathesaurus; Locator Schemes for Internet Resources; Identifying and Cataloging Web Document Types; In Search of a New Bibliographic Record. The videos in this set include viewgraphs of charts and related materials of the workshop.

1997-01-01

92

Effects of Enron on Future Russian Business Leaders: A Time Line Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Russia has emerged as a new capitalistic country with a prior history of corruption under the state controlled regime. Will word of corruption in America stop efforts for an ethical business climate in the new Russia? Has the Enron scandal affected Russian views of business? In pursuit of the answer, the authors surveyed Russian business students…

Ludlum, Marty; Moskalionov, Sergei

2008-01-01

93

Strategic Management of the Family Business: Past Research and Future Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the literature on family business from a strategic management perspective. In general, this literature is dominated by descriptive articles that typically focus on family relationships. However, the literature does not usually address how these relationships affect the performance of a family business. Taking a strategic management perspective, we outline a new set of objectives for family-business research.

Pramodita Sharma; James J. Chrisman; Jess H. Chua

1997-01-01

94

Can a Business and Society course affect the ethical judgment of future managers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a four year study to measure the effect of a Business and Society course on the ethical judgment of students. The research involves a matched pre\\/post survey with control design, with the Business and Society course functioning as the treatment variable. The subjects were undergraduate and graduate (M.B.A.) business students (n=460). The answer to

James R. Glenn

1992-01-01

95

Technology in the Citadel School of Business Administration: Successes, Failures and Future Steps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School of Business Administration at The Citadel in Charleston, SC, in adhering to its mission to "educate and develop leaders of principle to serve a global community," has recently expanded its use of technology in the classroom. In order to maintain its accreditation with the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB…

Moody, Janette; Kindel, Thomas

2004-01-01

96

Not Missing the Future: The Case for Technology and Business Process Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technology has evolved, the opportunity to transform and enhance the business processes of academic records managers has become more attractive. Many institutions embrace business-process change as a part of their ongoing strategy, but others defer--or simply avoid--any such change. But now more than ever, according to this author, it is…

VanDenBerg, Doug

2010-01-01

97

The Chinese environment satellite mission status and future plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on China white paper "China's Space Activities in 2006", the five-year plan (2006-2010) of China earth observation plan, one of them is to form 24 hours, differential-resolution environmental system for stable operation, step by step. In this paper, the status of Chinese environment satellite mission is introduced, including meteorological satellite series, ocean satellite series and disaster satellite series. The update properties of meteorological polar satellite FY-1D, FY-3A, and geostationary satellite FY-2C and FY-2D and ocean satellite of HY-1B as well as HJ constellation of disaster small satellites, which are in orbits for operation, will described in detail. The plan of satellite and their main payloads are discussed. There are three kinds of satellite missions for environmental monitoring in China before 2020, including meteorological satellites (10 satellites), ocean observation satellites (13 satellites) and disaster monitoring satellite constellation (8 satellites). For meteorological satellite series, following FY-2D, FY-2E/F/G are planed to be launched every 2 years from 2010. Following the FY-3A, the FY-3B will be launched in 2010 which are experimental phase). The FY-3C/D/E...(operational phase) are planed, total 9 satellites which will be launched every 2 years from 2013. FY-4 is proposed to have two separate series that are the optics remote sensing series and microwave remote sensing series. For rapid response to national marine environmental protection, development of marine resources, coastal zones survey, management of marine resources, polar study and research etc, China plans to launch HY-1C/D, HY-1E/F and HY-1G/H every two years from 2011, and the HY-2 A/B/C/D and HY-3A/B and CFOSAT are planed to launch. China plans to launch disaster monitoring satellite constellation consisted of two optical satellites and one SAR satellite in coming year, called the "2+1" project, and also another 4 optical satellites and 4 SAR satellites near future ("4+4"). The paper shows that China pays very attention to development of satellites for benefit environment monitoring.

Pan, Delu; Gong, Fang; Chen, Jianyu

2009-09-01

98

Domain Specific Modeling of Business Processes and Entity Mapping Using Generic Modeling Environment (GME)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing business process is very complex as it involves activities, resources, products and tools. Adopting the concept of domain specific modeling helps creating and using business processes, packaged as services and enable reusability, loose coupling, higher abstraction, agility, and interoperability. Domain specific modeling can be used to design the business processes as it increases the business centric value as well

Subaji Mohan; Eunmi Choi; Dugki Min

2008-01-01

99

Future Internet Markets and Business Strategies: An Analysis and a Proposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet as a market does not comprise a single, linear value chain of actors. Companies are in the business to win, to\\u000a outperform their competitors and to make profits. Developments of the Internet technology supply market to date suggest that\\u000a there are six areas of focus for supplier companies’ business strategies, leading to different approaches to out performing\\u000a competitors

Man-Sze Li

100

Environment Online: The Greening of Databases, Part 3. Business and Regulatory Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews online and CD-ROM environmental information sources that focus on business, governmental regulations, and environmental issues. Business databases, environmental databases, environmental audit software packages, and electronic bulletin boards are included. (22 references) (LAE)

Alston, Patricia Gayle; Stoss, Frederick W.

1992-01-01

101

Global Microscope on the Microfinance Business Environment 2010: An Index and Study by the Economist Intelligence Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report outlines the findings of the Economist Intelligence Unit¿s in-depth analysis of the microfi nance business environment in 54 countries. The index that underlies this report allows countries and regions to be compared across three broad categories: regulatory framework, institutional development and investment climate. The study uses a methodology which was originally developed for Latin America and the Caribbean

2010-01-01

102

The Role of Control Points in Determining Business Models for Future Mobile Generative Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how the concepts of value network analysis and control points can be used as a valid methodology to identify profitable business models for the mobile telecoms industry. The paper's focus of analysis is on application platforms that result from the generative system that is the mobile Internet combined with mobile devices, further enhanced by advanced user interaction

B. D. Eaton; S. M. Elaluf-Calderwood; C. Sørensen

2010-01-01

103

Will E-Business Shape the Future of Open and Distance Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the impact that electronic business is likely to have on the growth of open and distance learning. Discusses global consortia and global virtual universities; technological developments, including Web qualities; value chains; pricing models; the importance of scale; operating efficiencies; and increasing competition. (Author/LRW)

Oblinger, Diana

2001-01-01

104

Measuring Future Worker Productivity via Business Email Message Creation: Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research was conducted to determine if relationships exist among college students' business email message productivity score and (a) email message quality score, (b) text keying method used to create email message, and (c) self-reported college English grade. Background: Email is increasingly the communication channel preferred for…

Hagler, Barbara E.; Erthal, Margaret; Walzer, Dona; Anderson, Marcia A.

2009-01-01

105

Minding Our Own Business: Local Retail Establishments and the Future of Southern Civic Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The civic community perspective focuses on local social and economic institutions that buffer communities from external, often global forces. Important community organizations such as locally oriented business establishments, civic organizations, associations, and churches are emphasized. These critical entities are posited to benefit a…

Tolbert, Charles M., II

2005-01-01

106

Plume induced environments on future lunar mission vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this presentation is to identify potential plume heating/impingement problem areas on vehicles used for future lunar missions. This is accomplished by comparison with lunar module plume investigations performed during 1968-1971. All material is presented in viewgraph format.

Rochelle, Bill; Hughes, Ruston; Fitzgerald, Steve

1992-01-01

107

Trusting in a better future: the global environment facility.  

PubMed Central

Individual countries acting alone cannot solve environmental problems that span national borders. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was created in 1991 to serve as a mechanism for international cooperation in the funding of grants to address concerns in four areas of the global environment: biological diversity, climate change, international waters, and ozone layer depletion. To date, more than 500 projects have been funded with over $2 billion of GEF funds and another $5 billion leveraged from public and private sources, including $2 billion in matching funds from developing countries.

Holton, W C

2000-01-01

108

Open Data Processing Environment for Future Space Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalization and decentralisation of future space missions execution requires new concepts for payload and experiment operation. The technological evolution in the area of data systems and networks will allow for almost unlimited remote operations. Software and hardware technologies bundled with modern networking will permit the distribution of work task- and location wise. Whereas in the past both, telemetry and telecommanding had been worked out as special software products taking care of specific mission and individual instrument requirements, future systems will be based on generic solutions and open data systems. Common interface applications in software and hardware will allow the user to access any data products and other mission or experiment related information from remote site. The user will become part of the mission control centre in a virtual manner. DLR, together with small and medium enterprises, has initiated the development for an open data processing system, DAVIS, which face the new challenges. The modular concept of the generic system allows the easy customised implementation of payload and experiment specific data services. Telescience, which means the interactive remote operations of science in space, can be simply realised by scaleable real-time telemetry and telecommand modules. DAVIS covers the entire application chain - telemetry services and archiving, data processing, visualisation and on-line data analysis, as well as telecommanding and tracking. It offers further on various interfaces to other systems, databases or analysis tools via dedicated application programming interfaces (API) and supports the development of multi-platform applications. DAVIS has gained great success in past Spacelab missions and is presently used for the preparation of the project Rosetta-Lander, part of the next cornerstone mission of ESA in 2003. In addition, it is now under further development for the future utilisation in the ISS payload operations area. The paper will survey the system principles and the current development status and will give an outlook into future mission space operations techniques by means of multimedia and internet applications.

Koerver, W.; Schmitz, G.; Sommer, C.; Willnecker, R.

2002-01-01

109

An Empirical Study of Future Professionals’ Intentions to Engage in Unethical Business Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sought to test whether student demographics (gender, age, religion, type of degree and number of courses done containing\\u000a ethics) influenced the likelihood of engaging in unethical business practices. The study involved the use of a questionnaire\\u000a being administered to a sample of 231 undergraduate students in Barbados. It was found that gender, religiousness, type of\\u000a degree and number

Dwayne Devonish; Philmore A. Alleyne; Cheryl Cadogan-McClean; Dion Greenidge

2009-01-01

110

Transportable telemetry workstation for future distributed system environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Transportable Telemetry Workstation (TTW) has been developed to meet the need for reduction in size and cost per station while maintaining high performance specifications in distributed system environments. The TTW consists primarily of the adaptation of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center VLSI components and system architecture to a personal computer and its architecture. The overall system, the architecture, the TTW Controller Card, TTW Synchronizer Card, custom backplane bus, and system software structure are described.

Collins, Aaron; Dominy, Carol; Chesney, James R.

1989-01-01

111

Energy Efficiency in Future Home Environments: A Distributed Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a new architecture for sharing resources amongst home environments is proposed. Our approach goes far beyond\\u000a traditional systems for distributed virtualization like PlanetLab or Grid computing, since it relies on complete decentralization\\u000a in a peer-to-peer like manner, and above all, aims at energy efficiency. Energy metrics are defined, which have to be optimized\\u000a by the system. The

Helmut Hlavacs; Karin A. Hummel; Roman Weidlich; Amine Houyou; Andreas Berl; Hermann de Meer

112

Educating the Business Process Managers of the Future: The Six Sigma Techniques  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Six Sigma is a strategy designed to improve efficiency in manufacturing and business processes. Its basic focus is to decrease defect, improve overall quality, reduce cost and increase profit in production. Modern operations managers recognize the tremendous advantage of applying innovative and advanced techniques that would increase productivity and customer satisfaction. Tomorrows managers are being educated at universities today. Implementing business processes analysis and improvement methodologies should be considered an important component of this education. Six Sigma methodology offers a comprehensive body of knowledge to aid with such process improvements.This paper suggests a road map for implementation of a graduate course in Six Sigma. Students would start by acquiring the basic cognitive skills and mastering the necessary underlying concepts and theories. These theories are then put into practice through a project selection and execution. Finally, students would be prepared to offer recommendations and suggestions for the selected business on manufacturing processes.As with any instructional and curriculum material, a course in Six Sigma methodology should also provide a means of assessing outcomes and student learning. This paper will present and discuss these issues and should be of great interest to those educators who wish to offer instructions on this topic.

Stephens, Matthew P.; Torres, Patricio A.

2010-03-19

113

Sample environments at IPNS: present and future capabilities  

SciTech Connect

Argonne's Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, IPNS, was dedicated as a major user-oriented neutron scattering facility two years ago. Most instruments are now equipped to provide for sample environments in the temperature range 1.5 < T < 1300K. A special facility provides T < 1mK, and another provides pressures to 30kbar. Several environmental equipment designs are described that emphasize time-of-flight technique. Methods for achieving time-resolved experiments which take advantage of the IPNS pulsed source characteristics are discussed. 6 references, 7 figures.

Faber, J. Jr.

1984-02-01

114

NSF/Tokyo Report: US Japan Seminar: Pesticides and the Future -- Minimizing Chronic Exposure of Humans and the Environment  

NSF Publications Database

... Pesticides and the Future - Minimizing Chronic Exposure of Humans and the Environment Date: 6/30/97 ... Pesticides and the Future - Minimizing Chronic Exposure of Humans and the Environment The following ...

115

The future of seawater desalination: energy, technology, and the environment.  

PubMed

In recent years, numerous large-scale seawater desalination plants have been built in water-stressed countries to augment available water resources, and construction of new desalination plants is expected to increase in the near future. Despite major advancements in desalination technologies, seawater desalination is still more energy intensive compared to conventional technologies for the treatment of fresh water. There are also concerns about the potential environmental impacts of large-scale seawater desalination plants. Here, we review the possible reductions in energy demand by state-of-the-art seawater desalination technologies, the potential role of advanced materials and innovative technologies in improving performance, and the sustainability of desalination as a technological solution to global water shortages. PMID:21817042

Elimelech, Menachem; Phillip, William A

2011-08-01

116

Distributed computing environments for future space control systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aim of this paper is to present the results of a CNES research project on distributed computing systems. The purpose of this research was to study the impact of the use of new computer technologies in the design and development of future space applications. The first part of this study was a state-of-the-art review of distributed computing systems. One of the interesting ideas arising from this review is the concept of a 'virtual computer' allowing the distributed hardware architecture to be hidden from a software application. The 'virtual computer' can improve system performance by adapting the best architecture (addition of computers) to the software application without having to modify its source code. This concept can also decrease the cost and obsolescence of the hardware architecture. In order to verify the feasibility of the 'virtual computer' concept, a prototype representative of a distributed space application is being developed independently of the hardware architecture.

Viallefont, Pierre

1993-01-01

117

Means of redress in business-to-consumer E-commerce environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic commerce was contemplated to go beyond the physical boundary, to provide and create the ease of use and facilitates businesses and consumers to land at unreachable destinations. Thus, it has rendered territorial disputes problematic more often than any other traditional businesses. Besides, it is a fact that disputes will always persist a fact of life in cross border e-commerce.

Chin Eang; Jalan Kolej

2005-01-01

118

A comparative study of environment impact in distribution via E-Commerce and traditional business model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study intends to make a comparison between traditional business model and E-Commerce model of garment industry in energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission during the distribution process. Specifically, the industry in the Wuhan area is selected as an example. Based on a mathematical model proposed, we analyze these two different business models. To further illustrate and testify our model,

Zhang Liyi; Li Chun

2011-01-01

119

The Potential of Simulated Environments in Teacher Education: Current and Future Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future of virtual environments is evident in many fields but is just emerging in the field of teacher education. In this article, the authors provide a summary of the evolution of simulation in the field of teacher education and three factors that need to be considered as these environments further develop. The authors provide a specific…

Dieker, Lisa A.; Rodriguez, Jacqueline A.; Lignugaris/Kraft, Benjamin; Hynes, Michael C.; Hughes, Charles E.

2014-01-01

120

'Create the future': an environment for excellence in teaching future-oriented Industrial Design Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001, the University of Twente started a new course on Industrial Design Engineering. This paper describes the insights that have been employed in developing the curriculum, and in developing the environment in which the educational activities are facilitated. The University of Twente has a broad experience with project-oriented education [1], and because one of the goals of the curriculum

A. O. Eger; D. Lutters; Houten van F. J. A. M

2004-01-01

121

A New Concept for a Business Ethics Program and the Development of a Monitoring Method for the Engineering Ethics Environment of a Corporation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For most modern corporations, engineering is an essential element. While the public increasingly demands social responsibility in business activities, the importance of the interweaving relationship between business ethics and engineering ethics has been recognized. In this paper, firstly the change in the business environment is overviewed. Then, a new concept for designing and implementing a business ethics program, named the EAB (Ethics Across the Business) approach, is proposed. The EAB approach is highly adaptable for engineering-oriented corporations in their business ethics program activities because it derives from a process approach which has been much used by many companies to perform such activities as quality assurance and environment management. Finally, a newly developed method to monitor employee consciousness in terms of engineering ethics is introduced together with trial results.

Okita, Yuji; Hayase, Kenichi; Oba, Kyoko; Fudano, Jun

122

Using commercial off-the-shelf business intelligence software tools to support aircraft and automated test system maintenance environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to provide information about the benefits using Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) business intelligence software tools to support aircraft and automated test system maintenance environments. Aircraft and automated test system parametric and maintenance warehouse-based data can be shared and used for predictive data mining exploitation which will enable better decision support for War Fighters and back

S. C. Head; A. R. Nielson; M.-K. Au

2010-01-01

123

Abstract: Information whole informational space learn share learn world etc. Similarly formation modern educational environment provides unique opportunities international educational cooperation exchange experience knowledge experts scholars students. Business innovation allows you analyzer distinguish levels economic development production medium large industrial enterprises understand nature importance processes taking place modern economy. Innovative business active independent form individual groups citizens enterprises R organizations produce sell wide range latest inventions technology products information services industry high need modern information technologies. Modern business characterized innovative freedom choice mobility dynamic businesses entrepreneurship business Innovation Business: Trends Perspectives SOTDAT Kasymovna resolve  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: Abstract: Information whole informational space learn share learn world etc. Similarly formation modern educational environment provides unique opportunities international educational cooperation exchange experience knowledge experts scholars students. Business innovation allows you analyzer distinguish levels economic development production medium large industrial enterprises understand nature importance processes taking place modern economy. Innovative business active independent form individual groups citizens enterprises R organizations produce sell wide range latest inventions technology products information services industry high need modern information technologies. Modern business characterized innovative freedom choice mobility dynamic businesses entrepreneurship business Innovation Business: Trends Perspectives SOTDAT Kasymovna resolve ?

124

FASE — Future Astronomical Software Environment: How to Include Tools and Systems into the FASE Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The new OPTICON Network 9.2 (FP7) is working on a concrete prototype of shared astronomical software environment for scalable and desktop systems (FASE). A prototype of packaging system has been defined that allows to include new tools and programs as well as major legacy systems (e.g. AIPS, CASA, IRAF/PyRAF, Starlink and ESO Common Pipeline Library) within FASE environment.

Granet, Y.; Paioro, L.; Surace, C.; Garilli, B.; Grosbøl, P.; Tody, D.; Fase Consortium

2011-07-01

125

A temporal forecast of radiation environments for future space exploration missions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The understanding of future space radiation environments is an important goal for space mission operations, design, and risk\\u000a assessment. We have developed a solar cycle statistical model in which sunspot number is coupled to space-related quantities,\\u000a such as the galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) deceleration potential (?) and the mean occurrence frequency of solar particle\\u000a events (SPEs). Future GCR fluxes were

Myung-Hee Y. Kim; Francis A. Cucinotta; John W. Wilson

2007-01-01

126

The Design of Future Airbreathing Engine Systems within an Intelligent Synthesis Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a new Initiative proposed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The purpose of this initiative is to develop a future design environment for engineering and science mission synthesis for use by NASA scientists and engineers. This new initiative is called the Intelligent Synthesis Environment (ISE). The paper describes the mission of NASA, future aerospace system characteristics, the current engineering design process, the ISE concept, and concludes with a description of possible ISE applications for the decision of air-breathing propulsion systems.

Malone, J. B.; Housner, J. M.; Lytle, J. K.

1999-01-01

127

Future of Grid-Tied PV Business Models: What Will Happen When PV Penetration on the Distribution Grid is Significant? Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Eventually, distributed PV will become a more significant part of the generation mix. When this happens, it is expected that utilities will have to take on a more active role in the placement, operation and control of these systems. There are operational complexities and concerns of revenue erosion that will drive utilities into greater involvement of distributed PV and will create new business models. This report summarizes work done by Navigant Consulting Inc. for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory as part of the Department of Energy's work on Renewable System Integration. The objective of the work was to better understand the structure of these future business models and the research, development and demonstration (RD&D) required to support their deployment. This report describes potential future PV business models in terms of combinations of utility ownership and control of the PV assets, and the various relationships between end-users and third-party owners.

Graham, S.; Katofsky, R.; Frantzis, L.; Sawyer, H.; Margolis, R.

2008-05-01

128

Why Patenting Information Technology and Business Methods is not Sound Policy: Lessons from History and Prophecies for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet infrastructure that fuels the transmission of data and has created a several billion-dollar e-commerce industry has developed at an unprecedented rate. ... The surge in applications for business method patents that can be applied on the Internet has been significant. ... Internet business method patent applications call upon two areas of patent law, namely algorithms and business methods,

Julia Alpert Gladstone

2002-01-01

129

The Dynamic Narrative of the Family Business History: Strategizing through the Past into the Present and the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we claim that family business owners are strategizing as a consequence of their family business history. Therefore we take an interest in the past, as it is depicted by the family business owner and how he or she \\

Ethel Brundin; Björn Kjellander

130

Cross Cultural Competence in International Business Environments: Implications for Foreign Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cross-cultural competence is a recent movement with important implications for foreign language teaching, schools of business and economics, and firms engaged in either international or national commerce. Until now, it has not been adequately addressed. Higher education must investigate strategies for more effective integration of culture into the…

Doyle, Raymond H.

131

Objective quality and business performance in service environments: moderating effects of entrepreneurs' knowledge and involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study considers two main research issues: the relationship between objective quality and business performance and the moderating role of an entrepreneur's knowledge (education and experience) and involvement (exclusiveness in professional dedication) in that relationship. A sample of 103 rural tourism entrepreneurs in Spain serves as the study setting. Results indicate the positive influence of an establishment's quality on performance.

Rosa M. Hernández-Maestro; Óscar González-Benito

2011-01-01

132

Proactive Encouragement of Interdisciplinary Research Teams in a Business School Environment: Strategy and Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes efforts to promote collaborative research across traditional boundaries in a business-oriented university as part of an institutional transformation. We model this activity within the framework of social network analysis and use quantitative tools from that field to characterize resulting impacts. (Contains 4 tables and 2…

Adams, Susan M.; Carter, Nathan C.; Hadlock, Charles R.; Haughton, Dominique M.; Sirbu, George

2008-01-01

133

Exploratory innovation, exploitative innovation, and performance : Influence of business strategies and environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of a firm's innovation activities on performance, and focus on the internal fit and external fit of two types of innovation activities – exploratory innovation and exploitative innovation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper adopts the survey data of 397 enterprises in eastern, middle, and western China. The business strategy

Yi Li; Nan Zhou; Youhe Si

2010-01-01

134

Impact of satellite constellation arrangement on the future orbital debris environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposed concept of communication satellite constellation such as Iridium (with 66 satellites) and Teledesic (with 840 satellites) in LEO has been studied for its operational constrains and the impact to the evolution of the future orbital debris environment. A large number of spacecraft in constellation creates a spike in spatial density distribution at a place where they are collocated

Shin-Yi Su

1997-01-01

135

Payment Of the New Mexico Environment Department- Hazardous Waste Bureau Annual Business and Generation Fees Calendar Year 2011  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this letter is to transmit to the New Mexico Environment Department-Hazardous Waste Bureau (NMED-HWB), the Los alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Annual Business and Generation Fees for calendar year 2011. These fees are required pursuant to the provisions of New Mexico Hazardous Waste Act, Chapter 74, Article 4, NMSA (as amended). The Laboratory's Fenton Hill Facility did not generate any hazardous waste during the entire year, and is not required to pay a fee for calendar year 2011. The enclosed fee represents the amount for a single facility owned by the Department of Energy and co-operated by the Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS).

Juarez, Catherine L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-31

136

Flexible Business Process Integration for Clusters of Small-Medium Sized Enterprises in Heterogenous Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industry clusters-groups of geographically proximate enterprises in the same industry are a striking feature of the geography of economic activity and greatly impact the overall economic development. However, most of them are low-cost-based clusters that are composed of small-medium enterprises which needs social electronic services and flexible business process integration. In this paper, we present an on-demand information service platform

Bo Jiang; Yun Ling

2009-01-01

137

Emerging CAE technologies and their role in Future Ambient Intelligence Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dramatic improvements are on the horizon in Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) and various simulation technologies. The improvements are due, in part, to the developments in a number of leading-edge technologies and their synergistic combinations/convergence. The technologies include ubiquitous, cloud, and petascale computing; ultra high-bandwidth networks, pervasive wireless communication; knowledge based engineering; networked immersive virtual environments and virtual worlds; novel human-computer interfaces; and powerful game engines and facilities. This paper describes the frontiers and emerging simulation technologies, and their role in the future virtual product creation and learning/training environments. The environments will be ambient intelligence environments, incorporating a synergistic combination of novel agent-supported visual simulations (with cognitive learning and understanding abilities); immersive 3D virtual world facilities; development chain management systems and facilities (incorporating a synergistic combination of intelligent engineering and management tools); nontraditional methods; intelligent, multimodal and human-like interfaces; and mobile wireless devices. The Virtual product creation environment will significantly enhance the productivity and will stimulate creativity and innovation in future global virtual collaborative enterprises. The facilities in the learning/training environment will provide timely, engaging, personalized/collaborative and tailored visual learning.

Noor, Ahmed K.

2011-03-01

138

Technology and the Research Environment of the Future. The Impact of the Information Science Revolution on the Research Environment of the Future. Proceedings of Three Seminars (Albany, New York, September 15, 1987, February 2, 1988, and May 6, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a series of three half-day seminars, scientists from AT&T Bell Laboratories, IBM (International Business Machines), and the Corporation for National Research Initiatives described current research in materials science, computing, and networking with implications for scholarly communication in the future. The audience for the seminars included…

New York State Library, Albany.

139

Futurity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Futurity website features "the latest discoveries by scientists at top research universities in the US, UK, Canada and Australia." Currently, some of the participating universities include Boston University, Duke University, McGill University, and the University of Sheffield. Visitors to the homepage will note that there are four areas on the site: Earth & Environment, Health & Medicine, Science & Technology, and Society & Culture. Recently profiled news items include a compelling new discovery from New York University about the reality of a tractor beam that can pull microscopic particles. The Society & Culture section is a real find, as it contains engaging pieces like "Is zero tolerance too hard on students?" and "Big banks loom over finance 'ecosystem'." Also, visitors can browse news items by school or by topic area. Finally, the Week's Most Discussed area is a great way to learn about compelling new stories from around the globe.

140

A Parametric Study on Using Active Debris Removal to Stabilize the Future LEO Debris Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent analyses of the instability of the orbital debris population in the low Earth orbit (LEO) region and the collision between Iridium 33 and Cosmos 2251 have reignited the interest in using active debris removal (ADR) to remediate the environment. There are; however, monumental technical, resources, operational, legal, and political challenges in making economically viable ADR a reality. Before a consensus on the need for ADR can be reached, a careful analysis of the effectiveness of ADR must be conducted. The goal is to demonstrate the feasibility of using ADR to preserve the future environment and to guide its implementation to maximize the benefit-cost ratio. This paper describes a comprehensive sensitivity study on using ADR to stabilize the future LEO debris environment. The NASA long-term, orbital debris evolutionary model, LEGEND, is used to quantify the effects of many key parameters. These parameters include (1) the starting epoch of ADR implementation, (2) various target selection criteria, (3) the benefits of collision avoidance maneuvers, (4) the consequence of targeting specific inclination or altitude regimes, (5) the consequence of targeting specific classes of vehicles, and (6) the timescale of removal. Additional analyses on the importance of postmission disposal and how future launches might affect the requirements to stabilize the environment are also included.

Liou, J.C.

2010-01-01

141

Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) in the Future: An Assessment of Capabilities Against the Hybrid Threat in the Future Operational Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Does the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) have adequate capabilities to defeat potential hybrid threats in future operational environments (OE). The purpose of this research was to assess the three Brigade Combat Teams' (BCTs) effectiveness in unified l...

R. W. Sprang

2013-01-01

142

The Interaction Between Market Orientation, Industry Environment and Business Success: Evidence from an Exporting Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study extends the export market orientation research examining the impact of industry environment on the relationship between export market orientation and export performance using responses of 783 exporters. Our approach yields a better predictive validity for performance than earlier studies, and explains how the environment moderates the relationship.

John W. Cadogan; Kaisu Puumalainen; Risto T. Salminen

2000-01-01

143

Business environment, operations strategy, and performance: An empirical study of Singapore manufacturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consideration of the task environment, those forces which are out of the short-run control of management, has been relatively neglected in operations strategy research. The neglect of environmental factors in operations strategy research is surprising when one considers that the fit between environment and organizational capabilities and resources is a central tenet of major stretegic management paradigms. We use a

Peter T. Ward; Rebecca Duray; G. Keong Leong; Chee-Chuong Sum

1995-01-01

144

From Business Networks to Virtual Organisation: A Strategic Approach to Business Environment Transformation in Online Small and Medium-sized Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a framework for the analysis and strategic management of online infrastructures of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) based on the concepts of business networks and virtual organisation. The framework forms part of an ongoing research on small firms in the electronic business sector in Australia. Given the virtual features of the online economy, the virtual organisation

Emmanuel O. Tetteh

145

German 450: Introduction to Business Operations in Germany. Initiating the Integration Process into the International Business Environment for German Majors at the Undergraduate and Graduate Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The redesign of a course on German business, taught at the University of Illinois at Chicago, is described. The course, intended for both undergraduate and graduate German majors, initially described and defined German institutions and common business practices and explored differences in historical and cultural backgrounds. Course revision…

Becker, Claudia A.

146

Problem-Based Learning in Web Environments: The Case of ``Virtual eBMS'' for Business Engineering Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter presents a case study where Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach is applied to a Web-based environment. It first describes the main features behind the PBL for creating Business Engineers able to face the grand technological challenges of the 2020. Then it introduces a Web Based system supporting the PBL strategy, called the “Virtual eBMS”. This system has been designed and implemented at the e-Business Management Section of the Scuola Superiore ISUFI - University of Salento (Italy), in the framework of a research project carried out in collaboration with IBM. Besides the logical and technological description of Virtual eBMS, the chapter presents two applications of the platform in two different contexts: an academic context (international master) and an entrepreneurial context (awareness workshop with companies and entrepreneurs). The system is illustrated starting from the description of an operational framework for designing curricula PBL based from the author perspective and, then, illustrating a typical scenario of a learner accessing to the curricula. In the description, it is highlighted both the “structured” way and the “unstructured” way to create and follow an entire learning path.

Elia, Gianluca; Secundo, Giustina; Taurino, Cesare

147

English Language Business Issues in a French-Speaking Environment: The Case of Quebec.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report demonstrates the extent to which Quebec's laws, especially the Charter of the French Language, meant to protect and promote the French language, are actually hurting the present and future use of the English language in that province. It is shown that, through court decisions, individual users of English, a minority, are being denied…

Tamilia, Robert D.

148

Information Gathering: The Information Behaviors of Line-Managers within a Business Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of managers' information needs focuses on a study that examined information gathering behaviors of line-managers and compared their information behaviors to non-managers within the same environment. Suggests that managers tend to seek and accumulate information for which they have no explicit or known need. (Author/LRW)

Mackenzie, Maureen L.

2002-01-01

149

Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) in a Distance Learning Course on Mathematics Applied to Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that the dominant form of distance learning that is common in most e-learning systems rests on a set of learning devices and environments that may be outdated from the student's perspective, namely because it is not supportive of learner empowerment and does not facilitate the efforts of self-directed learners. For this…

Bidarra, Jose; Araujo, Joao

2013-01-01

150

The challenge of health & environment: Profiling risks & strategic priorities for now & the future  

PubMed Central

A substantial burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases in the developing countries is attributable to environmental risk factors. WHO estimates that the environmental factors are responsible for an estimated 24 per cent of the global burden of disease in terms of healthy life years lost and 23 per cent of all deaths; children being the worst sufferers. Given that the environment is linked with most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), without proper attention to the environmental risk factors and their management, it will be difficult to achieve many MDGs by 2015. The impact of environmental degradation on health may continue well into the future and the situation in fact, is likely to get worse. In order to address this challenge, two facts are worth noting. First, that much of the environmental disease burden is attributable to a few critical risk factors which include unsafe water and sanitation, exposure to indoor smoke from cooking fuel, outdoor air pollution, exposure to chemicals such as arsenic, and climate change. Second, that environment and health aspects must become, as a matter of urgency, a national priority, both in terms of policy and resources allocation. To meet the challenge of health and environment now and in the future, the following strategic approaches must be considered which include conducting environmental and health impact assessments; strengthening national environmental health policy and infrastructure; fostering inter-sectoral co-ordination and partnerships; mobilizing public participation; and enhancing the leadership role of health in advocacy, stewardship and capacity building.

Narain, Jai P.

2012-01-01

151

A temporal forecast of radiation environments for future space exploration missions.  

PubMed

The understanding of future space radiation environments is an important goal for space mission operations, design, and risk assessment. We have developed a solar cycle statistical model in which sunspot number is coupled to space-related quantities, such as the galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) deceleration potential (phi) and the mean occurrence frequency of solar particle events (SPEs). Future GCR fluxes were derived from a predictive model, in which the temporal dependence represented by phi was derived from GCR flux and ground-based Climax neutron monitor rate measurements over the last four decades. These results showed that the point dose equivalent inside a typical spacecraft in interplanetary space was influenced by solar modulation by up to a factor of three. It also has been shown that a strong relationship exists between large SPE occurrences and phi. For future space exploration missions, cumulative probabilities of SPEs at various integral fluence levels during short-period missions were defined using a database of proton fluences of past SPEs. Analytic energy spectra of SPEs at different ranks of the integral fluences for energies greater than 30 MeV were constructed over broad energy ranges extending out to GeV for the analysis of representative exposure levels at those fluences. Results will guide the design of protection systems for astronauts during future space exploration missions. PMID:17165049

Kim, Myung-Hee Y; Cucinotta, Francis A; Wilson, John W

2007-06-01

152

Future directions: advances and implications of virtual environments designed for pain management.  

PubMed

Pain symptoms have been addressed with a variety of therapeutic measures in the past, but as we look to the future, we begin encountering new options for patient care and individual health and well-being. Recent studies indicate that computer-generated graphic environments--virtual reality (VR)--can offer effective cognitive distractions for individuals suffering from pain arising from a variety of physical and psychological illnesses. Studies also indicate the effectiveness of VR for both chronic and acute pain conditions. Future possibilities for VR to address pain-related concerns include such diverse groups as military personnel, space exploration teams, the general labor force, and our ever increasing elderly population. VR also shows promise to help in such areas as drug abuse, at-home treatments, and athletic injuries. PMID:24892206

Wiederhold, Brenda K; Soomro, Ahmad; Riva, Giuseppe; Wiederhold, Mark D

2014-06-01

153

Business Process Simulation with HP Process Manager  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business processes present business logic of enterprises and or web services. In current Internet based dynamic business environment, business logic and resource allocation may have to change more frequently than before to match various business conditions in time. Business process deployment is a very costly procedure. It is desirable that a business process reengineering action could be verified before it

Li-Jie Jin; Fabio Casati; Ming-Chien Shan

2002-01-01

154

My Ideal City (mic): Virtual Environments to Design the Future Town  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MIC is an EU funded project to explore the use of shared virtual environments as part of a public discussion on the issues of building the city of the future. An interactive exploration of four european cities - in the digital city models were translated urban places, family problems and citizens wishes - is a chance to see them in different ways and from different points of view, to imagine new scenarios to overcome barriers and stereotypes no longer effective. This paper describes the process from data to visualization of virtual cities and, in detail, the project of two interactive digital model (Trento and Lisbon).

Borgherini, M.; Garbin, E.

2011-09-01

155

What is the role GIS could play in the future pervasive semantic grid service environment?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adopting the Web Service, Grid Computing and Semantic Web technologies, Geographic Information System (GIS) have got newly development in recent years. We first present the state of art of such technologies and their applying in GIS. Then we introduced the Pervasive Computing vision and analyses the possible way merging Semantic Grid Service and Pervasive computing, forming we called Pervasive Semantic Grid Service(PSGS). To help archive the Pervasive vision, we introduced the Geographic Overlaying Grid to mediate the pervasive devices and the beneath infrastructure. After that, we put the vision forward to see how GIS would influence our daily life in the future pervasive environment. We compared the concept of Digital Earth raised 8 years age and the Pervasive environment with Geographic Overlaying Grid and showed the difference between them. Finally, we point out that GIS can be "tick point" between the cyber space and the real physical space, helping people find their way "return" to real world from virtual cyber world.

Yin, Dafei; Fang, Yu

2006-10-01

156

Herschel Interactive Processing Environment (HIPE): Open to the World and the Future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Herschel is ESA's space-based infrared observatory. It was launched on May 14, 2009 and is in routine science operations. The Herschel Interactive Processing Environment, HIPE, is Herschel's interactive analysis package. HIPE has a user-base of approximately 1,000 users and a major new version is released twice a year. HIPE is the first open-source astronomy data analysis package written entirely in Java and Jython, which allows it to provide a modern GUI with command echoing, sophisticated interoperability and extensibility, with access to the vast amounts of Java libraries. HIPE includes the official data reduction scripts and allows executing and modifying them as needed. These aspects may make HIPE the seed for the astronomy working environment of the future.

Balm, P.

2012-09-01

157

Strictly Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Jackson State University opened for classes this year, it marked its fifth anniversary in the online education business by adding a full four-year, undergraduate degree program in early childhood education to its offerings. Jackson State is among a growing number of historically Black colleges tying part of their future survival and growth…

Stuart, Reginald

2011-01-01

158

Modelo para la evaluación de la efectividad de la tecnología informática en el entorno empresarial A model for assessing information technology effectiveness in the business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of technology on administrative processes has improved business strategies (especially regarding the e- ffect of information technology - IT), often leading to organisational success. Its effectiveness in this environment was thus modelled due to such importance; this paper describes studying a series of models aimed at assessing IT, its ad- vantages and disadvantages. A model is proposed involving

Sandra Cristina; Riascos Erazo

2008-01-01

159

Future Interagency Range and Spaceport Technologies (FIRST) Formulation Products: 1. Transformational Spaceport and Range Concept of Operations. 2. F.I.R.S.T. Business Case Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Baseline Report captures range and spaceport capabilities at five sites: KSC, CCAFS, VAFB, Wallops, and Kodiak. The Baseline depicts a future state that relies on existing technology, planned upgrades, and straight-line recapitalization at these sites projected through 2030. The report presents an inventory of current spaceport and range capabilities at these five sites. The baseline is the first part of analyzing a business case for a set of capabilities designed to transform U.S. ground and space launch operations toward a single, integrated national "system" of space transportation systems. The second part of the business case compares current capabilities with technologies needed to support the integrated national "system". The final part, a return on investment analysis, identifies the technologies that best lead to the integrated national system and reduce recurring costs..Numerous data sources were used to define and describe the baseline spaceport and range by identifying major systems and elements and describing capabilities, limitations, and capabilities

2005-01-01

160

Doing Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Several years ago, the World Bank became concerned about the business climate and environment in different countries around the world. After a time, they decided to embark on the creation of a database that would provide indicators of the cost of doing business in various countries. With a keen eye towards looking at existing laws and regulations in each country, their team of researchers looked at such topics as starting a business, protecting investors, paying taxes, getting credit, among others. Visitors with an interest in such matters can download their annual reports, view country specific reports (such as "Doing Business in Brazil"), and also take advantage of 155 printable country data profiles. Additionally, visitors can view the study's complete methodology and also compare economies on various metrics.

161

Intelligent Agents and Their Potential for Future Design and Synthesis Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Intelligent Agents and Their Potential for Future Design and Synthesis Environment, held at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, September 16-17, 1998. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the University of Virginia's Center for Advanced Computational Technology and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, industry and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to assess the status of intelligent agents technology and to identify the potential of software agents for use in future design and synthesis environment. The presentations covered the current status of agent technology and several applications of intelligent software agents. Certain materials and products are identified in this publication in order to specify adequately the materials and products that were investigated in the research effort. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement of products by NASA, nor does it imply that the materials and products are the only ones or the best ones available for this purpose. In many cases equivalent materials and products are available and would probably produce equivalent results.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler); Malone, John B. (Compiler)

1999-01-01

162

Strategic planning for future learning environments: an exploration of interpersonal, interprofessional and political factors.  

PubMed

This article, written from the stance of a public planner and a policy maker, explores the challenges and potential in creating future learning environments through the concept of a new learning landscape. It is based on the belief that physical planning can support the strategic goals of universities. In Denmark, a political focus on education as a mean to improve national capacity for innovation and growth are redefining the universities role in society. This is in turn changing the circumstances for the physical planning. Drawing on examples of physical initiatives in three different scales--city, building and room scale, the paper highlights how space and place matters on an interpersonal, an interprofessional and a political level. The article suggests that a wider understanding of how new learning landscapes are created--both as a material reality and a political discourse--can help frame an emerging community of practice. This involves university leaders, faculty and students, architects, designers and urban planners, citizens and policy makers with the common goal of creating future learning environments today. PMID:23930688

Schmidt, Cathrine

2013-09-01

163

Research on the Effects of Fatigue within the Corporate/Business Aircraft Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1980, responding to a Congressional request, NASA Ames Research Center created a program to examine whether 'there is a safety problem of uncertain magnitude, due to transmeridian flying and a potential problem due to fatigue in association with various factors found in air transport operations.' The NASA Ames Fatigue/Jet Lag Program was created to collect systematic, scientific information on fatigue, sleep, circadian rhythms, and performance in flight operations. Three Program goals were established and continue to guide research efforts to: (1) determine the extent of fatigue, sleep loss, and circadian disruption in flight operations; (2) determine the impact of these factors on flight crew performance; (3) develop and evaluate countermeasures to mitigate the adverse effects of these factors and maximize flight crew performance and alertness. Since 1980, studies have been conducted in a variety of aviation environments, in controlled laboratory environments, as well as in a full-mission flight simulation. Early studies included investigations of short-haul, long-haul, and overnight cargo flight crews. In 1991, the name of the program was changed to the Fatigue Countermeasures Program to provide a greater emphasis on the development and evaluation of countermeasures. More recent work has examined the effects of planned cockpit rest as an operational countermeasure and provided analyses of the pertinent sleep/duty factors preceding an aviation accident at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The Short-Haul study examined the extent of sleep loss, circadian disruption, and fatigue engendered by flying commercial short-haul air transport operations (flight legs less than eight hours). This was one of the first field studies conducted by the NASA program and provided unique insight into the physiological and subjective effects of flying commercial short-haul operations. It demonstrated that a range of measures could be obtained in an operational environment without disturbing the regular performance of duties. The Long-Haul study examined how long-haul flight crews organized their sleep during a variety of international trip patterns and examined how duty requirements, local time, and the circadian system affected the timing, duration, and quality of sleep. Duty requirements and local time can be viewed as external/environmental constraints on time available for sleep, while the internal circadian system is a major physiological modulator of sleep duration and quality. The Overnight Cargo study documented the psychophysiological effects of flying overnight cargo operations. The data collected clearly demonstrated that overnight cargo operations, like other night work, involve physiological disruption not found in comparable daytime operations.

Neri, David F.; Rosekind, Mark R.; Co, Elizabeth L.; Gregory, Kevin B.; Miller, Donna L.

1997-01-01

164

Predicting the future impact of droughts on ungulate populations in arid and semi-arid environments.  

PubMed

Droughts can have a severe impact on the dynamics of animal populations, particularly in semi-arid and arid environments where herbivore populations are strongly limited by resource availability. Increased drought intensity under projected climate change scenarios can be expected to reduce the viability of such populations, yet this impact has seldom been quantified. In this study, we aim to fill this gap and assess how the predicted worsening of droughts over the 21(st) century is likely to impact the population dynamics of twelve ungulate species occurring in arid and semi-arid habitats. Our results provide support to the hypotheses that more sedentary, grazing and mixed feeding species will be put at high risk from future increases in drought intensity, suggesting that management intervention under these conditions should be targeted towards species possessing these traits. Predictive population models for all sedentary, grazing or mixed feeding species in our study show that their probability of extinction dramatically increases under future emissions scenarios, and that this extinction risk is greater for smaller populations than larger ones. Our study highlights the importance of quantifying the current and future impacts of increasing extreme natural events on populations and species in order to improve our ability to mitigate predicted biodiversity loss under climate change. PMID:23284700

Duncan, Clare; Chauvenet, Aliénor L M; McRae, Louise M; Pettorelli, Nathalie

2012-01-01

165

Downtown Crawfordville: A Study and Planning Report for the Future Development of the Crawfordville, Georgia, Central Business District.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Identification and analysis of the central business district of Crawfordville are given. The plan of revitalization discusses the retail trade area, traffic circulation, on-street and off-street parking facilities, existing land uses within the C.B.D., va...

1970-01-01

166

“Bad” Neighborhoods, Fast Food, “Sleazy” Businesses, and Drug Dealers: Relations between the Location of Licit and Illicit Businesses in the Urban Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the demographic and ecological characteristics of urban neighborhoods according to variations in their levels of visible drug sales. In addition to standard socio-demographic measures, extensive data on a number of licit businesses located in different neighborhoods are also included. These range from those that residents are likely to consider desirable (e.g., bookstores) to those they are likely

Julie M. Ford; Andrew A. Beveridge

2004-01-01

167

Are firms' voluntary environmental management activities beneficial for the environment and business? An empirical study focusing on Japanese manufacturing firms.  

PubMed

In this paper, to clarify whether a firm's voluntary approach to environmental protection is beneficial for both the environment and business, we analyze whether a firm's voluntary implementation of an environmental management system (EMS) simultaneously reduces its environmental impacts and improves its productivity. Using data on Japanese manufacturing firms for 2002-2008, we find empirical support for the view that the implementation of an EMS simultaneously reduces environmental impacts and improves productivity, and that a reduction in environmental impacts also improves productivity. However, in the context of this relationship, the direct effect of implementing an EMS on productivity is conditional. If various other activities designed to improve productivity implemented in response to market discipline are also taken into account, the effect of implementing an EMS is hidden by the effects of these activities. This implies that voluntary environmental management activities are merely a minor component of these activities. Therefore, the relationship between the implementation of an EMS and productivity improvement is not strong, although implementing an EMS indirectly improves productivity by reducing environmental impacts. PMID:22542980

Nishitani, Kimitaka; Kaneko, Shinji; Fujii, Hidemichi; Komatsu, Satoru

2012-08-30

168

Information Management Architecture for an Integrated Computing Environment for the Environmental Restoration Program. Volume 2, Interim business systems guidance  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Environmental Restoration Program at Martin Marietta, IEM (Information Engineering Methodology) was developed as part of a complete and integrated approach to the progressive development and subsequent maintenance of automated data sharing systems. This approach is centered around the organization`s objectives, inherent data relationships, and business practices. IEM provides the Information Systems community with a tool kit of disciplined techniques supported by automated tools. It includes seven stages: Information Strategy Planning; Business Area Analysis; Business System Design; Technical Design; Construction; Transition; Production. This document focuses on the Business Systems Architecture.

Not Available

1994-09-01

169

The Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Apparently there is still no business like show business, and KCRW Radio in Santa Monica isn't afraid to take on this sprawling sector of American economic and cultural life. The program is hosted by Kim Masters, a former entertainment-industry correspondent for National Public Radio. She's the author of several books on the business, and once a week she hosts this engaging program. Visitors to the site can learn more about Masters on the homepage, and then dive into the most recent show. There's also an archive of past shows, and a number of ways that users can share the programs via various social networking programs. Recent programs of note include "Do the Emmys Matter?; The 'Guiding Light' Goes Out" and "Hollywood Bollywood and Vice Versa". Visitors can also create their own list of shows for future reference, and they are also welcome to download the programs.

170

The Twenty-First Century and Legal Studies in Business: Preparing Students to Perform in a Globally Competitive Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article first examines the dynamic role business education must play in a flat world economy. Second, it explains how legal courses in the business curricula already equip students with portable twenty-first-century skills and relevant academic content. The article then advocates the acceptance of the Boyer Model of Scholarship, which defines…

Burke, Debra D.; Johnson, Ronald A.; Kemp, Deborah J.

2010-01-01

171

A future data environment - reusability vs. citability and synchronisation vs. ingestion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last decades data managers dedicated their work to the pursuit for importable data. In the recent years this chase seams to come to an end while funding organisations assume that the approach of data publications with citable data sets will eliminate denial of scientists to commit their data. But is this true for all problems we are facing at the edge of a data avalanche and data intensive science? The concept of citable data is a logical consequence from the connection of points. Potential data providers in the past complained usually about the missing of a credit assignment for data providers and they still do. The selected way of DOI captured data sets is perfectly fitting into the credit system of publisher driven publications with countable citations. This system is well known by scientists for approximately 400 years now. Unfortunately, there is a double bind situation between citeability and reusability. While cooperation of publishers and data archives are coming into existence, it is necessary to get one question clear: "Is it really worth while in the twenty-first century to force data into the publication process of the seventeenth century?" Data publications enable easy citability, but do not support easy data reusability for future users. Additional problems occur in such an environment while taking into account the chances of collaborative data corrections in the institutional repository. The future with huge amounts of data connected with publications makes reconsideration towards a more integrated approach reasonable. In the past data archives were the only infrastructures taking care of long-term data retrievability and availability. Nevertheless, they were never a part of the scientific process from data creation, analysis, interpretation and publication. Data archives were regarded as isolated islands in the sea of scientific data. Accordingly scientists considered data publications like a stumbling stone in their daily routines and still do. The creation of data set as additional publications is an additional workload a lot of scientists are not yet convinced about. These times are coming to an end now because of the efforts of the funding organisations and the increased awareness of scientific institutions. Right now data archives have their expertise in retrievability and availability, but the new demand of data provenance is not yet included in their systems. So why not taking the chance of the scientific institutes sneaking in and split the workload of retrievability and provenance. Such an integrated data environment will be characterized by increased functionality, creditability and structured data from the creation and everything accompanied by data managers. The Kiel Data Management Infrastructure is creating such an institutional provenance system for the scientific site of Kiel. Having data sets up to date by synchronisation with institutional provenance system capturing all changes and improvements right where they happen. A sophisticated and scalable landscape needs to combine advantages of the existing data centers such as the usability and retrievability functionality with the advantages of decentralised data capturing and provenance. This data environment with synchronisation features and creditability of scientific data to future users would be capable of the future tasks.

Fleischer, D.

2012-04-01

172

Architectural design support for business process and business network engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concurrent enterprises and networks of business processes cannot function without each other. Co- operation in networks allows for faster reaction to business opportunities. Co-operation requires that the business processes and information technology (IT) systems within and between companies are well-aligned with the demands their environment puts upon them. This requires a careful and effective analysis and design of business processes

Henry M. Franken; René Bal; Harmen Van Den Berg; Wil Janssen; Henny De Vos

2000-01-01

173

Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends  

PubMed Central

Plastics have transformed everyday life; usage is increasing and annual production is likely to exceed 300 million tonnes by 2010. In this concluding paper to the Theme Issue on Plastics, the Environment and Human Health, we synthesize current understanding of the benefits and concerns surrounding the use of plastics and look to future priorities, challenges and opportunities. It is evident that plastics bring many societal benefits and offer future technological and medical advances. However, concerns about usage and disposal are diverse and include accumulation of waste in landfills and in natural habitats, physical problems for wildlife resulting from ingestion or entanglement in plastic, the leaching of chemicals from plastic products and the potential for plastics to transfer chemicals to wildlife and humans. However, perhaps the most important overriding concern, which is implicit throughout this volume, is that our current usage is not sustainable. Around 4 per cent of world oil production is used as a feedstock to make plastics and a similar amount is used as energy in the process. Yet over a third of current production is used to make items of packaging, which are then rapidly discarded. Given our declining reserves of fossil fuels, and finite capacity for disposal of waste to landfill, this linear use of hydrocarbons, via packaging and other short-lived applications of plastic, is simply not sustainable. There are solutions, including material reduction, design for end-of-life recyclability, increased recycling capacity, development of bio-based feedstocks, strategies to reduce littering, the application of green chemistry life-cycle analyses and revised risk assessment approaches. Such measures will be most effective through the combined actions of the public, industry, scientists and policymakers. There is some urgency, as the quantity of plastics produced in the first 10 years of the current century is likely to approach the quantity produced in the entire century that preceded.

Thompson, Richard C.; Moore, Charles J.; vom Saal, Frederick S.; Swan, Shanna H.

2009-01-01

174

Space environment data storage and access: lessons learned and recommendations for the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the ever increasing volume of space environment data available at present and planned for the near future, the demands on data storage and access methods are increasing as well. In addition, continued access to historical, archived data remains crucial. On the basis of many years of experience, the authors identify the following issues as important for continued and efficient handling of datasets now and in the future: The huge data volumes currently or very soon avaiable from a number of space missions will limi direct Internet download access to even relatively short epoch ranges of data. Therefore, data providers should establish or extend standardised data (post-) processing services so that only data query results should be downloaded. Although a single standardised data format will in all likelihood remain utopia, data providers should at least include extensive metadata with their data products, according to established standards and practices (e.g. ISTP, SPASE). Standardisation of (sets of) metadata greatly facilitates data mining and querying. The use of SQL database storage should be considered instead of, or in parallel with, classic storage of data files. The use of SQL does away with having to handle file parsing and processing, while at the same time standard access protocols can be used to (remotely) connect to such data repositories. Many data holdings are still lacking in extensive descriptions of data provenance (e.g. instrument description), content and format. Unfortunately, detailed data information is usually rejected by scientific and technical journals. Re-processing of historical archived datasets into modern formats, making them easily available and usable, is urgently required, as knowledge is being lost. A global data directory has still not been achieved; policy makers should enforce stricter rules for "broadcasting" dataset information.

Evans, Hugh; Heynderickx, Daniel

2012-07-01

175

FuzzyCOPE: A Software Environment for Building Intelligent Systems - The Past, The Present and the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses the motivation for, heritage, architec- ture and future development plans of the FuzzyCOPE soft- ware environment. FuzzyCOPE is a free software environ- ment for teaching, research and intelligent system develop- ment. 1.Introduction Artificial neural network (ANN) methods have long been known to offer powerful means of solving a wide variety of problems. The teaching of these methods

Michael Watts; Brendon J. Woodford; Nik Kasabov

176

Current and Near-Term Future Measurements of the Orbital Debris Environment at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Orbital Debris Program Office places great emphasis on obtaining and understanding direct measurements of the orbital debris environment. The Orbital Debris Program Office's environmental models are all based on these measurements. Because OD measurements must cover a very wide range of sizes and altitudes, one technique realistically cannot be used for all measurements. In general, radar measurements have been used for lower altitudes and optical measurements for higher altitude orbits. For very small debris, in situ measurements such as returned spacecraft surfaces are utilized. In addition to receiving information from large debris (> 5-10 cm diameter) from the U.S. Space Surveillance Network, NASA conducts statistical measurements of the debris population for smaller sizes. NASA collects data from the Haystack and Goldstone radars for debris in low Earth orbit as small as 2- 4 mm diameter and from the Michigan Orbital DEbris Survey Telescope for debris near geosynchronous orbit altitude for sizes as small as 30-60 cm diameter. NASA is also currently examining the radiator panel of the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 which was exposed to space for 16 years and was recently returned to Earth during the STS- 125 Space Shuttle mission. This paper will give an overview of these on-going measurement programs at NASA as well as discuss progress and plans for new instruments and techniques in the near future.

Stansbery, Gene; Liou, J.-C.; Mulrooney, M.; Horstman, M

2010-01-01

177

Effects of Self-Efficacy, Emotional Intelligence, and Perceptions of Future Work Environment on Preservice Teacher Commitment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to examine the effects of self-efficacy, expectations of future work environment, and emotional intelligence on preservice teacher commitment to the teaching profession on a sample of 209 preservice teachers. The purpose of the study was to add to the existing knowledge surrounding preservice teacher commitment and promote…

Chesnut, Steven R.; Cullen, Theresa A.

2014-01-01

178

Toward a Sustainable Future: The Role of Student Affairs in Creating Healthy Environments, Social Justice, and Strong Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Toward a Sustainable Future: The Role of Student Affairs in Creating Healthy Environments, Social Justice, and Strong Economies" is a call to action for college student educators, articulating the crucial role they play in the international sustainability movement. It contains valuable information about educating self, educating students, and…

ACPA College Student Educators International, 2008

2008-01-01

179

Emerging and Future Computing Paradigms and Their Impact on the Research, Training, and Design Environments of the Aerospace Workforce  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document contains the proceedings of the training workshop on Emerging and Future Computing Paradigms and their impact on the Research, Training and Design Environments of the Aerospace Workforce. The workshop was held at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, March 18 and 19, 2003. The workshop was jointly sponsored by Old Dominion University and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, other government agencies, industry and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to a) provide broad overviews of the diverse activities related to new computing paradigms, including grid computing, pervasive computing, high-productivity computing, and the IBM-led autonomic computing; and b) identify future directions for research that have high potential for future aerospace workforce environments. The format of the workshop included twenty-one, half-hour overview-type presentations and three exhibits by vendors.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler)

2003-01-01

180

The Canadian Connection: Business Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the Canadian business environment and online sources of business information. The databases described cover the following areas: directories, financial information, stock quotes, investment reports, industrial and economic information, magazines, newspapers, wire services, biographical information, and government…

Merry, Susan; And Others

1989-01-01

181

Suitability of Agent Technology for Military Command and Control in the Future Combat System Environment  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Army is faced with the challenge of dramatically improving its war fighting capability through advanced technologies. Any new technology must provide significant improvement over existing technologies, yet be reliable enough to provide a fielded system. The focus of this paper is to assess the novelty and maturity of agent technology for use in the Future Combat System (FCS). The FCS concept represents the U.S. Army's ''mounted'' form of the Objective Force. This concept of vehicles, communications, and weaponry is viewed as a ''system of systems'' which includes net-centric command and control (C{sup 2}) capabilities. This networked C{sup 2} is an important transformation from the historically centralized, or platform-based, C{sup 2} function since a centralized command architecture may become a decision-making and execution bottleneck, particularly as the pace of war accelerates. A mechanism to ensure an effective network-centric C{sup 2} capacity (combining intelligence gathering and analysis available at lower levels in the military hierarchy) is needed. Achieving a networked C{sup 2} capability will require breakthroughs in current software technology. Many have proposed the use of agent technology as a potential solution. Agents are an emerging technology, and it is not yet clear whether it is suitable for addressing the networked C{sup 2} challenge, particularly in satisfying battlespace scalability, mobility, and security expectations. We have developed a set of software requirements for FCS based on military requirements for this system. We have then evaluated these software requirements against current computer science technology. This analysis provides a set of limitations in the current technology when applied to the FCS challenge. Agent technology is compared against this set of limitations to provide a means of assessing the novelty of agent technology in an FCS environment. From this analysis we find that existing technologies will not likely be sufficient to meet the networked C{sup 2} requirements of FCS due to limitations in scalability, mobility, and security. Agent technology provides a number of advantages in these areas, mainly through much stronger messaging and coordination models. These models theoretically allow for significant improvements in many areas, including scalability, mobility, and security. However, the demonstration of such capabilities in an FCS environment does not currently exist, although a number of strong agent-based systems have been deployed in related areas. Additionally, there are challenges in FCS that neither current technology nor agent technology are particularly well suited, such as information fusion and decision support. In summary, we believe that agent technology has the capability to support most of the networked C{sup 2} requirements of FCS. However, we would recommend proof of principle experiments to verify the theoretical advantages of this technology in an FCS environment.

Potok, TE

2003-02-13

182

Impacts of business environment changes on global manufacturing in the Chinese Greater Pearl River Delta: a supply chain perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business operating conditions have changed substantially in the Chinese Greater Pearl River Delta (GPRD) due to the Chinese currency appreciation, rising labour costs, highly volatile oil prices and new processing trade policies. Such changes have triggered manufacturers to rethink their global operations. This article studies potential global manufacturing trends from a supply chain perspective. A mixed integer programming model suggests

A. Zhang; G. Q. Huang; X. Liu

2011-01-01

183

Impacts of business environment changes on global manufacturing in the Chinese Greater Pearl River Delta: a supply chain perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business operating conditions have changed substantially in the Chinese Greater Pearl River Delta (GPRD) due to the Chinese currency appreciation, rising labour costs, highly volatile oil prices and new processing trade policies. Such changes have triggered manufacturers to rethink their global operations. This article studies potential global manufacturing trends from a supply chain perspective. A mixed integer programming model suggests

A. Zhang; G. Q. Huang; X. Liu

2012-01-01

184

Commentary: Study of Gene-Environment Interplay--A Lesson in How to Keep Oneself Busy for the Foreseeable Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists and psychiatrists have long been aware that individuals differ in their response to environmental stressors. It is equally apparent that whilst positive or corrective environmental factors help some individuals, others seem to benefit little, if at all. To make the matters even more interesting (at least for a researcher who is…

Viding, Essi

2013-01-01

185

Future Foreign Language Teachers' Social and Cognitive Collaboration in an Online Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion boards provide an interactive venue where new and future language teachers can reflect, evaluate, solve problems or simply exchange ideas (e.g., Bonk, Hansen, Grabner-Hagen, Lazar, & Mirabelli, 1996; DeWert, Babinski, & Jones, 2003; Kumari, 2001; Pawan, Paulus, Yalcin, & Chang, 2003). In addition, encouraging future teachers to learn…

Arnold, Nike; Ducate, Lara

2006-01-01

186

Vital - an advanced time-based tool for the future 4D ATM environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of aircrafts will increase in the future. It is commonly agreed that in several high density traffic areas like central Europe the capacity limits are nearly reached. A solution can be seen in 4-dimensional (4D - x, y, z-coordinates, time) air traffic management (ATM). As no revolution in ATC will take place, the close future 4D ATM system

H. Hering

2004-01-01

187

The Ultraviolet Environment of Mars: Biological Implications Past, Present, and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

A radiative transfer model is used to quantitatively investigate aspects of the martian ultraviolet radiation environment, past and present. Biological action spectra for DNA inactivation and chloroplast (photosystem) inhibition are used to estimate biologically effective irradiances for the martian surface under cloudless skies. Over time Mars has probably experienced an increasingly inhospitable photobiological environment, with present instantaneous DNA weighted irradiances

Charles S. Cockell; David C. Catling; Wanda L. Davis; Kelly Snook; Ray L. Kepner; Pascal Lee; Christopher P. McKay

2000-01-01

188

Designing Asynchronous Online Discussion Environments: Recent Progress and Possible Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asynchronous online discussion environments are important platforms to support learning. Research suggests, however, threaded forums, one of the most popular asynchronous discussion environments, do not often foster productive online discussions naturally. This paper explores how certain properties of threaded forums have affected or constrained…

Gao, Fei; Zhang, Tianyi; Franklin, Teresa

2013-01-01

189

The Social Semantic Web in Intelligent Learning Environments: State of the Art and Future Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's technology-enhanced learning practices cater to students and teachers who use many different learning tools and environments and are used to a paradigm of interaction derived from open, ubiquitous, and socially oriented services. In this context, a crucial issue for education systems in general, and for Intelligent Learning Environments

Jovanovic, Jelena; Gasevic, Dragan; Torniai, Carlo; Bateman, Scott; Hatala, Marek

2009-01-01

190

Identification of glacial meltwater runoff in a karstic environment and its implication for present and future water availability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Glaciers all over the world are expected to continue to retreat due to the global warming throughout the 21st century. Consequently, future seasonal water availability might become scarce once glacier areas have declined below a certain threshold affecting future water management strategies. Particular attention should be paid to glaciers located in a karstic environment, as parts of the meltwater can be drained by underlying karst systems, making it difficult to assess water availability. In this study tracer experiments, karst modeling and glacier melt modeling are combined in order to identify flow paths in a high alpine, glacierized, karstic environment (Glacier de la Plaine Morte, Switzerland) and to investigate current and predict future downstream water availability. Flow paths through the karst underground were determined with natural and fluorescent tracers. Subsequently, geologic information and the findings from tracer experiments were assembled in a karst model. Finally, glacier melt projections driven with a climate scenario were performed to discuss future water availability in the area surrounding the glacier. The results suggest that during late summer glacier meltwater is rapidly drained through well-developed channels at the glacier bottom to the north of the glacier, while during low flow season meltwater enters into the karst and is drained to the south. Climate change projections with the glacier melt model reveal that by the end of the century glacier melt will be significantly reduced in the summer, jeopardizing water availability in glacier-fed karst springs.

Finger, D.; Hugentobler, A.; Huss, M.; Voinesco, A.; Wernli, H.; Fischer, D.; Weber, E.; Jeannin, P.-Y.; Kauzlaric, M.; Wirz, A.; Vennemann, T.; Hüsler, F.; Schädler, B.; Weingartner, R.

2013-08-01

191

Identification of glacial melt water runoff in a karstic environment and its implication for present and future water availability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Glaciers all over the world are expected to continue to retreat due to the global warming throughout the 21st century. Consequently, future seasonal water availability might become scarce once glacier areas have declined below a certain threshold affecting future water management strategies. Particular attention should be paid to glaciers located in a karstic environment, as parts of the melt water can be drained by souterrain karst systems. In this study tracer experiments, karst modeling and glacier melt modeling are combined in order to identify flow paths in a high alpine, glacierized, karstic environment (Glacier de la Plaine Morte, Switzerland) and to investigate current and predict future downstream water availability. Flow paths through the karst underground were determined with natural and fluorescent tracers. Subsequently, tracer results and geologic information were assembled in a karst model. Finally, glacier melt projections driven with a climate scenario were performed to discuss future water availability in the area surrounding the glacier. The results suggest that during late summer glacier melt water is rapidly drained through well-developed channels at the glacier bottom to the north of the glacier, while during low flow season melt water enters into the karst and is drained to the south. Climate change projections reveal that by the end of the century glacier melt will be significantly reduced in the summer, jeopardizing water availability in glacier-fed karst springs.

Finger, D.; Hugentobler, A.; Huss, M.; Voinesco, A.; Wernli, H.; Fischer, D.; Weber, E.; Jeannin, P.-Y.; Kauzlaric, M.; Wirz, A.; Vennemann, T.; Hüsler, F.; Schädler, B.; Weingartner, R.

2013-03-01

192

Information Technology and Business Performance in Agile Manufacturing: An Empirical Study in Textile Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of information technology\\/systems (IT\\/IS) to support current and future manufacturing operations has been widely recognized in the literature. Changes in the business environment represented by tough competition and variation in customer requirements are driving manufacturing organizations to adopt the concept of agile manufacturing. For an organization, agility means the capability to grow and prosper in an environment of

Muammer Zerenler

2007-01-01

193

The Interplay of Perceptions of the Learning Environment, Personality and Learning Strategies: A Study amongst International Business Studies Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on students' learning strategies has examined the relationships between either perceptions of the learning environment or personality and learning strategies. The focus of this study was on the joint relationships between the students' perceptions of the learning environment, their personality, and the learning strategies they…

Nijhuis, Jan; Segers, Mien; Gijselaers, Wim

2007-01-01

194

EU Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

EU Business is provided by Europanet. It aims to provide selected business information to the busy business person. Information available at the site includes European Union (EU) law, business developments in Europe, finance and EU programs. The site also keeps track of European Commission proposals and the progress of draft legislation. Users interested in doing business in Europe will find this site a useful guide to facilitate the process.

1998-01-01

195

Web-Based Collaborative Learning Environment: Theoretical and Practical Discourse, and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to discuss appropriate theoretical orientation for collaborative learning in a WBLE, identify current and potential challenges and solutions to collaborative learning on the web, and recommend future directions for research and development. The review of theoretical and empirical issues indicates, a research agenda isrequired to gain a better understanding of the social, affective,

Seungyeon Han; Beaumie Kim; Shiang-Kwei Wang; Kakali Bhattacharya

196

Microorganisms, mineral surfaces, and aquatic environments: learning from the past for future progress.  

PubMed

The interactions between the geosphere and the biosphere are central questions in environmental and geological research. The relationship between bacteria and their environment is an important example of these interactions. By studying microbial communities in modern environments, it is possible to understand the underlying mechanisms that shape these environments and apply this knowledge to the rock record. Recently, new experimental and theoretical methods, ranging from nano- and biotechnology to mathematical and conceptual modelling, have come into play. Thus, new opportunities for interdisciplinary research in the field of geobiology have emerged. In this paper, we review aspects of state-of-the-art imaging and modelling techniques and propose a research concept linking the experimental and the theoretical approaches. PMID:18459966

Dittrich, M; Luttge, A

2008-06-01

197

Environment Canada cuts threaten the future of science and international agreements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In August 2011, 300 Environment Canada scientists and staff working on environmental monitoring and protection learned that their jobs would be terminated, and an additional 400-plus Environment Canada employees received notice that their positions were targeted for elimination. These notices received widespread coverage in the Canadian media and international attention in Nature News. Environment Canada is a government agency responsible for meteorological services as well as environmental research. We are concerned that research and observations related to ozone depletion, tropospheric pollution, and atmospheric transport of toxic chemicals in the northern latitudes may be seriously imperiled by the budget cuts that led to these job terminations. Further, we raise the questions being asked by the international community, scientists, and policy makers alike: First, will Canada be able to meet its obligations to the monitoring and assessment studies that support the various international agreements in Table 1? Second, will Canada continue to be a leader in Arctic research.

Thompson, Anne M.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Hoff, Raymond M.; Logan, Jennifer A.; Einaudi, Franco

2012-02-01

198

Genes and environment in mental illness. Perspectives and ideas for future research.  

PubMed

Methodological questions in heredity-environment studies are discussed with special emphasis on schizophrenia and severe affective disorder. Mental disorder is a matter of behavioral and experimental manifestations, caused by complex interactions of genes and environment operating over a lifespan. It is therefore necessary to combine different research strategies in order to advance this field. However, progress in research is hampered by problems in classification and definition of phenotype. Accordingly, family, adoption and twin studies have a lot to contribute before molecular genetic research might be carried out. PMID:8452059

Kringlen, E

1993-01-01

199

The Evolution of ICT-Based Learning Environments: Which Perspectives for the School of the Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper briefly outlines the evolution of ICT-based learning environments discussing some of the main aspects that have characterised such evolution (eg, technological evolution, changed cognitive and pedagogical frameworks, changed role assigned to ICT-based systems in education). The objective is to point out how the implementation of…

Bottino, Rosa Maria

2004-01-01

200

PPCPS IN THE ENVIRONMENT: FUTURE RESEARCH - BEGINNING WITH THE END ALWAYS IN MIND  

EPA Science Inventory

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are an extraordinarily diverse group of chemicals used in veterinary medicine, agricultural practice, and human health and cosmetic care. The various sources and origins of PPCPs as pollutants in the environment are depicted in a...

201

THE EPA'S ROLE IN PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT -- PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE  

EPA Science Inventory

Some say environmentalism started with Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring. This best seller in addition to decades of the effects of pollution on people's lives surely contributed to help shift public opinion regarding the environment. This "shift" culminated with the birth of a ...

202

THE EPA'S ROLE IN PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT - PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE  

EPA Science Inventory

Some say environmentalism started with Rachel Carson's book entitled Silent Spring. This best seller in addition to decades of the effects of pollution on people's lives surely contributed to help shift public opinion regarding the environment. This "shift" culminated with the bi...

203

The ultraviolet environment of Mars: biological implications past, present, and future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A radiative transfer model is used to quantitatively investigate aspects of the martian ultraviolet radiation environment, past and present. Biological action spectra for DNA inactivation and chloroplast (photosystem) inhibition are used to estimate biologically effective irradiances for the martian surface under cloudless skies. Over time Mars has probably experienced an increasingly inhospitable photobiological environment, with present instantaneous DNA weighted irradiances 3.5-fold higher than they may have been on early Mars. This is in contrast to the surface of Earth, which experienced an ozone amelioration of the photobiological environment during the Proterozoic and now has DNA weighted irradiances almost three orders of magnitude lower than early Earth. Although the present-day martian UV flux is similar to that of early Earth and thus may not be a critical limitation to life in the evolutionary context, it is a constraint to an unadapted biota and will rapidly kill spacecraft-borne microbes not covered by a martian dust layer. Microbial strategies for protection against UV radiation are considered in the light of martian photobiological calculations, past and present. Data are also presented for the effects of hypothetical planetary atmospheric manipulations on the martian UV radiation environment with estimates of the biological consequences of such manipulations.

Cockell, C. S.; Catling, D. C.; Davis, W. L.; Snook, K.; Kepner, R. L.; Lee, P.; McKay, C. P.

2000-01-01

204

Influences by Sound and Light to Mind and Body during Delivery, and Future of Childbirth Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I, who is a musician, was stimulated by own childbirth experience, and developed the ultimate “delivery room” which enabled relaxation support using sound and light. This paper explains regarding its development and the improvement of childbirth environment in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Japan.

Kameyama, Miyuki

205

Airborne remote sensing for geology and the environment: Present and future. Bulletin  

SciTech Connect

In 1988, a group of leading experts from government, academia, and industry attended a workshop on airborne remote sensing sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and hosted by the Branch of Geophysics. The report has arranged the six resulting working-group reports under two main headings: (1) Geologic Remote Sensing, for the reports on geologic mapping, mineral resoures, and fossil fuels and geothermal resources; and (2) Environmental Remote Sensing, for the reports on environmental geology, geologic hazards, and water resources. The intent of the workshop was to provide an evaluation of demonstrated capabilities, their direct extensions, and possible future applications, and this was the organizational format used for the geologic remote sensing reports. A final section examines future advances and limitations in the field.

Watson, K.; Knepper, D.H.

1994-12-31

206

Clinical review: The hospital of the future - building intelligent environments to facilitate safe and effective acute care delivery  

PubMed Central

The translation of knowledge into rational care is as essential and pressing a task as the development of new diagnostic or therapeutic devices, and is arguably more important. The emerging science of health care delivery has identified the central role of human factor ergonomics in the prevention of medical error, omission, and waste. Novel informatics and systems engineering strategies provide an excellent opportunity to improve the design of acute care delivery. In this article, future hospitals are envisioned as organizations built around smart environments that facilitate consistent delivery of effective, equitable, and error-free care focused on patient-centered rather than provider-centered outcomes.

2012-01-01

207

A Mobile Agent Brokering Environment for the Future Open Network Marketplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of commercial activities across networks has led to the network itself becoming a competitive marketplace with\\u000a a multitude of vendors, operators and customers. In such an environment, users will’ shop around’ for the best deals in terms\\u000a of network financial costs and services. Intelligent, autonomous and mobile software agents introduce an alternative approach\\u000a that facilitates expertise-brokering activities on

David Chieng; Ivan Ho; Alan Marshall; Gerard Parr

208

Why business models matter.  

PubMed

"Business model" was one of the great buzz-words of the Internet boom. A company didn't need a strategy, a special competence, or even any customers--all it needed was a Web-based business model that promised wild profits in some distant, ill-defined future. Many people--investors, entrepreneurs, and executives alike--fell for the fantasy and got burned. And as the inevitable counterreaction played out, the concept of the business model fell out of fashion nearly as quickly as the .com appendage itself. That's a shame. As Joan Magretta explains, a good business model remains essential to every successful organization, whether it's a new venture or an established player. To help managers apply the concept successfully, she defines what a business model is and how it complements a smart competitive strategy. Business models are, at heart, stories that explain how enterprises work. Like a good story, a robust business model contains precisely delineated characters, plausible motivations, and a plot that turns on an insight about value. It answers certain questions: Who is the customer? How do we make money? What underlying economic logic explains how we can deliver value to customers at an appropriate cost? Every viable organization is built on a sound business model, but a business model isn't a strategy, even though many people use the terms interchangeably. Business models describe, as a system, how the pieces of a business fit together. But they don't factor in one critical dimension of performance: competition. That's the job of strategy. Illustrated with examples from companies like American Express, EuroDisney, WalMart, and Dell Computer, this article clarifies the concepts of business models and strategy, which are fundamental to every company's performance. PMID:12024761

Magretta, Joan

2002-05-01

209

Internet and the nuclear business  

SciTech Connect

Today`s business environment is very different than what it was just a few short years ago. People from all different segments of our companies are being asked to think about how they work in different and sometimes unsettling ways. Not that these new thoughts are unsettling by themselves but rather our new, more competitive business practices are challenging our old comfortable jobs. This report discusses the need to use the Internet for information exchange in todays business environment.

Roxey, T.

1994-12-31

210

Bloomberg Business Week: Small Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Business Week magazine, Business Week Frontier is a new resource center for small business owners. The News Center covers current issues from the perspective of small business owners and an array of columns provide advice, website recommendations, and book excerpts. Other resources include financial calculators, a glossary of terms, and market research links.

1999-01-01

211

The Value of Biomedical Simulation Environments to Future Human Space Flight Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the ambitious goals to send manned missions to asteroids and onto Mars, substantial work will be required to ensure the well being of the men and women who will undertake these difficult missions. Unlike current International Space Station or Shuttle missions, astronauts will be required to endure long-term exposure to higher levels of radiation, isolation and reduced gravity. These new operation conditions will pose health risks that are currently not well understood and perhaps unanticipated. Therefore, it is essential to develop and apply advanced tools to predict, assess and mitigate potential hazards to astronaut health. NASA s Digital Astronaut Project (DAP) is working to develop and apply computational models of physiologic response to space flight operation conditions over various time periods and environmental circumstances. The collective application and integration of well vetted models assessing the physiology, biomechanics and anatomy is referred to as the Digital Astronaut. The Digital Astronaut simulation environment will serve as a practical working tool for use by NASA in operational activities such as the prediction of biomedical risks and functional capabilities of astronauts. In additional to space flight operation conditions, DAP s work has direct applicability to terrestrial biomedical research by providing virtual environments for hypothesis testing, experiment design, and to reduce animal/human testing. A practical application of the DA to assess pre and post flight responses to exercise is illustrated and the difficulty in matching true physiological responses is discussed.

Mulugeta, Lealem; Myers, Jerry G.; Skytland, Nicholas G.; Platts, Steven H.

2010-01-01

212

Africa Business Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Africa Business Network is a work in progress provided by the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group (discussed in the November 6, 1997 Scout Report for Business and Economics) to encourage private investment in Africa. ABN brings together IFC, World Bank, and other publications on African financial topics under one search interface. In addition, a "Country Information Center" includes detailed economic, social, and business profiles of Sub-Saharan Africa countries. Currently, information for Uganda and Cote d'Ivoire is available with up-dates and future country profiles expected soon.

1997-01-01

213

Future improvements and implementation of animal care practices within the animal testing regulatory environment.  

PubMed

Animal welfare is an increasingly important concern when considering biomedical experimentation. Many of the emerging regulations and guidelines specifically address animal welfare in laboratory animal care and use. The current revision of the appendix of the European Convention, ETS123 (Council of Europe), updates and improves on the current animal care standardization in Europe. New guidelines from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries Association focus specifically on safety testing. These guidelines will affect the way toxicity studies are conducted and therefore the global drug development process. With the 3Rs principles taken into account, consideration regarding animal welfare will demand changes in animal care practices in regulatory safety testing. The most significant future improvements in animal care and use practices are likely to be environmental enrichment, management of animal pain and distress, and improved application of the humane endpoints. Our challenge is to implement respective guidelines based on scientific data and animal welfare, through a complex interplay of regulatory objective and public opinion. The current goal is to work toward solutions that continue to provide relevant animal models for risk assessment in drug development and that are science based. In this way, future improvements in animal care and use practices can be founded on facts, scientific results, and analysis. Some of these improvements become common practice in some countries. International harmonization can facilitate the development and practical application of "best scientific practices" by the consensus development process that harmonization requires. Since the implementation of good laboratory practices (GLP) standards in safety testing, these new regulations and recommendations represent a new way forward for animal safety studies. PMID:12388857

Guittin, Pierre; Decelle, Thierry

2002-01-01

214

AGATE animation - business theme  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Business jet 2 of 6. Advanced General Aviation Technology Experiment (AGATE). Few objects convey wealth and power like a private airplane, but one day you won't have to be rich or famous to fly one. NASA is working with industry and other government agencies to develop the technology and vision for business and personal travel of the future. It's a future in which travelers fly to their destinations in small, safe, affordable and easy-to-use jets out of 'smart airports.' Future small aircraft may cost about as much as a luxury automobile. They will use 25% less fuel than today's airplanes with fuel efficiencies rivaling automobiles, but at four times highway speeds. The goal is to put 'wings on America' and enable doorstep-to-destination travel at four times the speed of highways, making it possible to go where you want, when you want - faster than ever. Image from AGATE 'business jet' video animation.

1998-01-01

215

From e-business strategy to IT resource management: A strategy-centric approach to timely scheduling web requests in B2C environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a B2C enterprise, resource management plays a crucial role in the achievement of business objectives. When a Web server becomes busy, and there is no control over which user requests to attend to first, negative business outcomes may result, such as a customer in the final steps of making a purchase being kept waiting and deciding to abandon the

Adriana Beal; Daniel Mossé

2008-01-01

216

Electronic Customer Relationship Management (eCRM) in a Business-to- Business Marketing Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter focuses on the concept of Electronic Customer Relationship Management (eCRM) in the context of a business-to-business marketing environment. An overview of business-to-business marketing is offered; business-to-business marketing is compared to consumer-based marketing, specifically regarding buyer behavior. These comparisons include differences in revenues, the intended customer and the buying process. Market orientation is described, as is its emphasis on

Harriette Bettis-Outland; Wesley J. Johnston

217

Ageing, genes, environment and epigenetics: what twin studies tell us now, and in the future.  

PubMed

Compared with younger people, older people are much more variable in their organ function, and these large individual differences contribute to the complexity of geriatric medicine. What determines this variability? Is it due to the accumulation of different life experiences, or because of the variation in the genes we are born with, or an interaction of both? This paper reviews key findings from ageing twin cohorts probing these questions. Twin studies are the perfect natural experiment to dissect out genes and life experiences. We discuss the paradox that ageing is strongly determined by heritable factors (an influence that often gets stronger with time), yet longevity and lifespan seem not to be so heritable. We then focus on the intriguing question of why DNA sequence-identical twins might age differently. Animal studies are increasingly showing that epigenetic modifications occurring in early development and adulthood, might be key to ageing phenomena but this is difficult to investigate longitudinally in human populations, due to ethical problems of intervention and long lifespan. We propose that identical twin studies using new and existing cohorts may be useful human models in which to investigate the interaction between the environment and genetics, mediated by epigenetic modifications. PMID:22826292

Steves, Claire Joanne; Spector, Timothy D; Jackson, Stephen H D

2012-09-01

218

A strategy for developing future academic leaders for South Africa in a resource-constrained environment.  

PubMed

A key challenge in addressing the shortage of health care workers in resource-constrained environments is ensuring that there is optimal academic capacity for their training. South Africa's University of KwaZulu-Natal has placed academic and research capacity building at the heart of its program with the Medical Education Partnership Initiative in a program called ENhancing Training and REsearch capacity and Expertise (ENTREE). The program aims to increase the quantity, quality, and retention of health care graduates. It is premised on the basis that research capacity development will lead to an increase in teachers who will be essential to improving the quality and quantity of health care workers needed to meet South Africa's health challenges. This is being achieved through four components of the program: (1) infusion of the undergraduate program with research modules; (2) attraction of academically talented students in the middle of their undergraduate program into a parallel track that has research capacity as its major thrust; (3) attraction of qualified health care personnel into a supported PhD program; and (4) providing strong research ethics training and mentorship. A significant proportion of the program is being executed in rural training sites, to increase the probability that trainees will return to the sites as mentors. PMID:25072580

Lalloo, Umesh G; Bobat, Raziya A; Pillay, Sandy; Wassenaar, Douglas

2014-08-01

219

Operational Impact of Improved Space Tracking on Collision Avoidance in the Future LEO Space Debris Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Even if global space policy successfully curtails on orbit explosions and ASAT demonstrations, studies indicate that the number of debris objects in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) will continue to grow solely from debris on debris collisions and debris generated from new launches. This study examines the threat posed by this growing space debris population over the next 30 years and how improvements in our space tracking capabilities can reduce the number of Collision Avoidance (COLA) maneuvers required keep the risk of operational satellite loss within tolerable limits. Particular focus is given to satellites operated by the Department of Defense (DoD) and Intelligence Community (IC) in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). The following debris field and space tracking performance parameters were varied parametrically in the experiment to study the impact on the number of collision avoidance maneuvers required: - Debris Field Density (by year 2009, 2019, 2029, and 2039) - Quality of Track Update (starting 1 sigma error ellipsoid) - Future Propagator Accuracy (error ellipsoid growth rates - Special Perturbations in 3 axes) - Track Update Rate for Debris (stochastic) - Track Update Rate for Payloads (stochastic) Baseline values matching present day tracking performance for quality of track update, propagator accuracy, and track update rate were derived by analyzing updates to the unclassified Satellite Catalog (SatCat). Track update rates varied significantly for active payloads and debris and as such we used different models for the track update rates for military payloads and debris. The analysis was conducted using the System Effectiveness Analysis Simulation (SEAS) an agent based model developed by the United States Air Force Space Command’s Space and Missile Systems Center to evaluate the military utility of space systems. The future debris field was modeled by The Aerospace Corporation using a tool chain which models the growth of the 10cm+ debris field using high fidelity propagation, collision, and breakup models. Our analysis uses Two Line Element (TLE) sets and surface area data generated by this model sampled at the years 2019, 2029, and 2039. Data for the 2009 debris field is taken from the unclassified SatCat. By using Monte Carlo simulation techniques and varying the epoch of the military constellation relative to the debris field we were able to remove the bias of initial conditions. Additional analysis was conducted looking at the military utility impact of temporarily losing the use of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) assets due to COLA maneuvers during a large classified scenario with stressful satellite tasking. This paper and presentation will focus only on unclassified results quantifying the potential reduction in the risk assumed by satellite flyers, and the potential reduction in Delta-V usage that is possible if we are able to improve our tracking performance in any of these three areas and reduce the positional uncertainty of space objects at the time of closest approach.

Sibert, D.; Borgeson, D.; Peterson, G.; Jenkin, A.; Sorge, M.

2010-09-01

220

The Predicted Growth of the Low Earth Orbit Space Debris Environment: An Assessment of Future Risk for Spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space debris is a worldwide-recognized issue concerning the safety of commercial, military, and exploration spacecraft. The space debris environment includes both naturally occuring meteoroids and objects in Earth orbit that are generated by human activity, termed orbital debris. Space agencies around the world are addressing the dangers of debris collisions to both crewed and robotic spacecraft. In the United States, the Orbital Debris Program Office at the NASA Johnson Space Center leads the effort to categorize debris, predict its growth, and formulate mitigation policy for the environment from low Earth orbit (LEO) through geosynchronous orbit (GEO). This paper presents recent results derived from the NASA long-term debris environment model, LEGEND. It includes the revised NASA sodium potassium droplet model, newly corrected for a factor of two over-estimation of the droplet population. The study indicates a LEO environment that is already highly collisionally active among orbital debris larger than 1 cm in size. Most of the modeled collision events are non-catastrophic (i.e., They lead to a cratering of the target, but no large scale fragmentation.). But they are potentially mission-ending, and take place between impactors smaller than 10 cm and targets larger than 10 cm. Given the small size of the impactor these events would likely be undetectable by present-day measurement means. The activity continues into the future as would be expected. Impact rates of about four per year are predicted by the current study within the next 30 years, with the majority of targets being abandoned intacts (spent upper stages and spacecraft). Still, operational spacecraft do show a small collisional activity, one that increases over time as the small fragment population increases.

Krisko, Paula H.

2007-01-01

221

CEOs, Information, and Decision Making: Scanning the Environment for Strategic Advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

CEOs SCAN THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT for information about events and trends in order to plan their organizations' future courses of action. This study investigates how CEOs in the Canadian publishing and telecommunications industries acquire and use information about the business environment. The uncertainty of the environment was found to be related to the amount of scanning done. The perceived quality

Ethel Auster; Chun Wei Choo

1994-01-01

222

An Analysis of the e-Business Program in the School of Business Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article analyzes various present and future aspects of e-business as it is or should be incorporated in the school of business curriculum. The study uses both primary and secondary data. The results indicate that e-business courses are currently taught across the traditional disciplines of business schools. The courses are primarily taught as…

Sarkar, Shyamalendu; Reddy, Surender

2007-01-01

223

Virtual Businesses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Online business simulation games for teens Have you ever wanted to go into business for yourself? Someone who takes a risk and starts their own business is call an ENTREPRENEUR. Check out these games where you can try your hand at being an entrepreneur. Lemonade Stand See how much money you can make in 7, 14, or 30 days. It s My LIfe! Be ...

Tidwell, Pam

2009-09-29

224

Bankruptcy and Business Failure in the Construction Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to explore a unique aspect of the construction business environment, bankruptcy and business failure. The increasing number of business failures in construction makes the understanding of this issues critical. This paper is de...

E. C. Milner

1987-01-01

225

Pattern-based information portal for business plan co-creation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creation of business plans helps entrepreneurs in managing identification of business opportunities and committing necessary resources for process evolution. Applying patterns in business plan creation facilitates the identification of effective solutions that were adopted in the past and may provide a basis for adopting similar solutions in the future within given business context. The article presents the system design of an information portal for business plan co-creation based on patterns. The portal is going to provide start-up and entrepreneurs with ready-to-modify business plan patterns in order to help them in development of effective and efficient business plans. It will facilitate entrepreneurs in co-experimenting and co-learning more frequently and faster. Moreover, the paper focuses on the software architecture of the pattern based portal and explains the functionality of its modules, namely the pattern designer, pattern repository services and agent-based pattern implementers. It explains their role for business process co-creation, storing and managing patterns described formally, and selecting patterns best suited for specific business case. Thus, innovative entrepreneurs will be guided by the portal in co-writing winning business plans and staying competitive in the present day dynamic globalized environment.

Bontchev, Boyan; Ruskov, Petko; Tanev, Stoyan

2010-10-01

226

From process logic to business logic - A cognitive approach to business process management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unpredictability of business activities means that business process management should provide a way to adapt to change. The traditional workflow approach, based on predefined process logic, offers little support for today's complex and dynamic business environment. Therefore, a cognitive approach is proposed to help manage complex business activities, based on continuous awareness of situations and real-time decisions on activities.

Minhong Wang; Huaiqing Wang

2006-01-01

227

Future Leadership Competencies: From Foresight to Current Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: With tectonic plate shifting change and continuous uncertainty, a reliance on leadership competencies rooted in the past will no longer be successful. Instead, it is argued that the emerging business environment now demands a new set of leadership skills that are aligned to the requirements of the future. This paper aims to address these…

O'Brien, Emma; Robertson, Phillipa

2009-01-01

228

An Analysis Framework of Enterprise Documents for Business Strategy Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses an analysis framework of enterprise documents for business strategy design. Business strategy becomes significant to manage enterprise activities under current competitive environment. In the strategy design, several business frameworks such as 3C analysis and balanced scorecard are useful to identify what are distinctive business factors of competitors and construct a strategy map. To enhance and accelerate business

Masanori Akiyoshi; Norihisa Komoda

2005-01-01

229

Business Planning Model Programmer's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Business Planning Model (BPM) Programmer's Guide is provided to assist future programmers in understanding and properly maintaining the BPM code. The program includes five principal modules: Data Entry Module - this provides the user the ability to c...

1993-01-01

230

One Environmental Education Center's Industry Initiative: Collaborating to Create More Environmentally and Economically Sustainable Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Centre for Environment Education (CEE) added an Industry Initiative to its portfolio of more traditional environmental education programs in 1993. This article documents the start-up and evolution of that program and the ways that businesses and CEE have worked together for a sustainable future. A specific 18-month project, in which CEE and an…

Hollweg, Karen S.

2009-01-01

231

eBPSM: a new security paradigm for e-business organisations (e-business process security model)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet appears to be a very significant driver in changing business environment and in business models changes as well. More and more organisations perform that change from traditional busi- ness to e-business mode, while being exposed to a wide range of vulnerabilities and threats. This paper presents a model for e-business information security design , that is based on

Sharon Nachtigal

2007-01-01

232

Asynchronous Collaborative Business Process Modelling Through a Web Forum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper ,describes the design and implementation ,of a ,prototype for Business ,Process Modelling that combines the use of the modelling software with Web technologies in a collaborative environment. With today’s rapidly changing business environment, business processes, within and transcending typical business functional units, assume greater significance. Being able to visualise an organisation’s operation is often the beginning of

Phillip Kazanis; Athula Ginige

2002-01-01

233

The e-business czar: What does it take to manage an e-business transformation?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From E-business Forum, this lengthy article explores the key elements of a successful head of e-business. The article explains that a head of ebusiness should be both autocratic and evangelical in personality, as well as be imbued with technological and business savvy. "The e-business czar" also offers advice as to how to advertise for an ebusiness czar, as well as delineating the present and future roles that they will play in traditional businesses.

Durfee, Don.

234

Serving two purposes: Plans for a MOOC and a World Campus course called Energy, the Environment, and Our Future (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are in the final stages of developing a Massive Open Online Course entitled Energy, the Environment, and Our Future. The course is a broad overview of the implications of the current energy options on Earth's climate and the choices for more sustainable energy sources in the future. The course is founded in concepts explored in the book and PBS series Earth: The Operators' Manual, but it includes more in-depth treatment of renewable energy as well as the ethical issues surrounding energy choices. One of the key aspects of the course is that it is being designed to be taught in two formats, the first, an eight week MOOC through Coursera in Fall semester 2013, and the second, a 16 week online course developed as part of the NSF Geo-STEP InTeGrate program and offered through the Penn State World Campus. The advantage of the MOOC format is the ability to reach out to thousands of students worldwide, exposing them to the science behind important issues that may have a direct impact on the lifestyle decisions they make, while the World Campus course allows us to explore deeper levels of cognition through application of carefully designed pedagogies. The principal difference between the two versions of the course will be assessment. The MOOC will have embedded assessment between pages and end of module quizzes. The InTeGrate course will have a range of assessments that are directly linked to the goals and objectives of the course. These will include active learning exercises built around energy and climate data. Both of the versions are works in progress and we anticipate modifying them regularly based on student feedback.

Bralower, T. J.; Alley, R. B.; Blumsack, S.; Keller, K.; Feineman, M. D.

2013-12-01

235

Eco-Friendly Business Practices Can Create Opportunities For Innovation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Global warming, along with other ecological concerns have made environmental health a national and global issue in every industry. The social, governmental and economic pressures have created the need for companies to develop eco-friendly business practices while maintaining efficiency. For decades, scientists and environmental groups have been warning industry, consumers and governmental leaders about the drastic effects of pollution and the depletion of natural resources. However, only recently have companies begun to recognize the opportunities created when implementing strategies to address environmental concerns. Traditionally, business leaders regarded the environment and natural resources as unlimited factors of production that were readily available at little or no cost. Today, the concerns about pollution and the need for the efficient use of resources are forcing companies throughout the world to reevaluate their operations in order to become more ecologically conscious while remaining competitive. Fortunately, due to creative problem-solving and a greater understanding of eco-friendly business practices, companies are discovering that they can satisfy environmental concerns, while simultaneously cutting energy costs, boosting productivity and promoting innovation. The recognition of eco-friendly business practices as win-win opportunities are encouraging more companies to undertake these initiatives. Conversely, those organizations that arent eco-friendly and fail to address ecological concerns will forgo the opportunities for positive change and suffer financially in the long run. As future environmental managers and industry leaders, engineering and technology students need to understand the benefits of eco-friendly business practices. Consequently, it is important for their academic programs to provide students with an understanding of environmental health and related concerns. This paper will describe how companies can use eco-friendly business practices as opportunities to promote innovation. The paper will identify the benefits to business organizations and the environment when eco-friendly business practices are implemented.

Mcfarlane, Opal; Ocon, Ralph

2009-09-29

236

Four-Year Undergraduate Business Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests various ways to improve business education: key environment variables that influence the thinking of the authors are specified; selected characteristics of business schools are offered; indirect influences of business schools on other academic units are outlined; difficulties in implementing change in academia are discussed; and…

Caballero, Marjorie; And Others

1986-01-01

237

Technology management competences supporting the business strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The execution of the business strategy requires the integration of market conditions, organizational capabilities and direction. Under this principle, Top Management needs to align theirs and the firm's human resources competences with the business strategy and the characteristics of the business environment. Competences represent a dynamic combination of knowledge, expertise, attitudes and responsibilities acquired through professional studies that are used

Victoria E. Erosa; Pilar E. Arroyo

2009-01-01

238

The long-term implications of operating satellite constellations in the low earth orbit debris environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

DRA's Integrated Debris Evolution Suite (IDES) model is used in this study to predict the future evolution of the orbital debris environment for two distinct scenarios. For the first case, a pre-generated background debris population for 1995 and ‘business as usual’ future launch\\/explosion rates are used as input to the model. IDES then employs its collision event prediction algorithm to

R. Walker; R. Crowther; G. G. Swinerd

1997-01-01

239

Preparing chief information officers for the clinical information systems environment.  

PubMed

Over the past decade, the chief information officer (CIO) in the health care enterprise has gained recognition as a member of the senior management team based on an understanding of business processes and business language. The clinical information system (CIS) in the health care environment poses a new frontier for CIOs, who are generally unfamiliar with both clinical languages and clinical processes. The authors discuss the role formal informatics training can have in preparing learners for future careers as CIOs in CIS environments. The health information management (HIM) specialization within the MBA program at the University of Illinois at Chicago is one example of an educational program designed to train future CIOs who can manage the business, technical, and clinical aspects of the health care environment. PMID:10353282

Valenta, A L; Mendola, R A; Dieter, M; Panko, W B

1999-05-01

240

Operational risk management with real-time business intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Operational risk is a function of the complexity of the business and the environment that the business operates in. Such complexities\\u000a increase as the business or the environment become more dynamic, i.e. where change is a permanent feature and a factor to\\u000a build into the management of the business. The key question that arises is how do businesses respond to

B. Azvine; Z. Cui; B. Majeed; M. Spott

2007-01-01

241

Recovering business processes from business applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A business process, such as the process followed when ordering a book, describes the order of executing tasks (e.g., check inventory, verify credit card, and ship book). Business applications implement the business processes for the daily operations of an organization. Organizations must continuously modify their business applications to accommodate changes to business processes. However, business applications are often designed and

Ying Zou; Jin Guo; King Chun Foo; Maokeng Hung

2009-01-01

242

Practicing What We Teach – Ethical Considerations for Business Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The raging cynicism felt toward businesses and business leaders is a by-product of perceived violations in the social contracts owed to the public. Business schools have a unique opportunity to make a significant impact on present and future business leaders, but ‘practicing what we teach’ is a critical condition precedent. This paper presents frameworks for ethical practices for assessing the

Cam Caldwell; Ranjan Karri; Thomas Matula

2005-01-01

243

Business Connections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York Times On the Web has recently added a new section, Business Connections, to its highly selective collection of Web links. The section provides one-stop shopping for the most authoritative business-related network resources available. For example, the Markets listings include links to all U.S. exchanges, foreign exchanges, and selected market information sites. The Investing section offers a dozen links to general information and a half-dozen more to the top investment companies and trading services such as Merrill Lynch, Paine Webber, and Charles Schwab. Company Information provides traditional sources such as Dun & Bradstreet along with the Web 100--the top US and international companies on the Web. A good selection of business directories is included, in addition to separate listings for business and financial news, banking & finance, and government & public organizations. Note that free registration to The New York Times On the Web is required before entry into any of their pages.

1996-01-01

244

Globalization and the Business Schools: Toward Business and World-Sustainable Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globalization is a force that produces deep changes in business and society. Business schools face great challenges and opportunities in educating future leaders who can work across countries and cultures. This article presents some strategic issues regarding the type of education that business schools should offer from a global perspective, aimed…

Dieck-Assad, María de Lourdes

2013-01-01

245

Business Innovation through Customer-Value Creation: Case Study of a Virtual Education Business in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case of a virtual education business that expanded through creation of customer value in strategic partnerships yields two key points for the future of multimedia businesses. Ability to incorporate new business styles and innovative leadership that harmonizes the philosophies of various partner companies were factors in success. (SK)

Kodama, Mitsuru

2000-01-01

246

Present and future refinery information systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a demand for integrated petroleum refinery information systems which has been increasing over the past five years in response to the competitive environment in the refining business. It is only in the past five years that software technology has made these systems feasible. But as advances are made in software technology and the open systems revolution take hold, how will future refinery information systems evolve An existing integrated refinery information system will be examined followed by how a future refinery system might be built.

Wheatcroft, C. (SD-Scicon UK Ltd. (GB))

1992-05-01

247

Keys to the Future of American Business. Proceedings from the Creativity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship Conference (4th, Los Angeles, California, March 20-21, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings contain 3 speaker presentations and 17 workshop papers from a conference of experts who are involved in creating environments that encourage people to be creative, innovative, and entrepreneurial. The speaker presentations are "Creative Public-Private Sector Ventures--'The Success Series'" (Bettianne Welch), "Just Do It" (Wally…

Solomon, George T., Ed.; And Others

248

Keys to the Future of American Business. Proceedings from the Creativity, Innovation & Entrepreneurship Symposium (2nd, Washington, D.C., March 21-22, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings present 5 keynote addresses and 28 session papers focusing on creation of environments for stimulating entrepreneurial activities. The keynote addresses are "Entrepreneurial Leadership--A Performing Art" (Gordon L. Lippitt); "Innovation & Entrepreneurship at Work in a Large Company" (George F. Troy); "Thoughts Regarding…

Solomon, George T., Ed.; Whiting, Bruce G., Ed.

249

Using TRIZ to Create Innovative Business Models and Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most companies have many subjects around their business, and wish fast and effective solutions with new information technology. In other words, companies and their clients want innovative and impressive business solutions, to overcome severe business environment. We tried to use 40 Inventive Principles and a Contradiction matrix of 'invention methodology TRIZ', to create innovative business models and products. In this

Atsuko Ishida

2003-01-01

250

Advancing Acquisition of Business Know-How: Critical Learning Elements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The turbulent business environment requires business expertise from ever-larger personnel groups. The required business know-how is a combination of knowledge and several different skills, and it should provide the learners with an overall view of the functioning of a business organization as a whole. Moreover, while work is increasingly becoming…

Lainema, Timo; Lainema, Kirsi

2008-01-01

251

Classroom Strategies: The Methodology of Business Education. National Business Education Yearbook, No. 34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for classroom teachers, this refereed yearbook includes examples, resources, and success stories to assist business educators to provide their students with the necessary skills for success in work and in life. Part I, Examining Business and Education Environments, contains the following chapters: "Business and Industry Need Qualified…

Perreault, Heidi R., Ed.

252

Formulating Business Strategies from a Stakeholder's Perspective: Korean Healthcare It Business Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of competing stakeholders has emerged as an important topic for formulating business strategies. This is especially the case in the complicated business environment like the healthcare IT (Information Technology) industries. This paper proposes a methodology to formulate business strategies based on stakeholders' demands. Our methodology begins with the understanding of stakeholders' demands. This understanding is particularly useful for

Geunchan Lim; Heeseok Lee; Taehun Kim

2005-01-01

253

Redesigning the Traditional Business Gaming Process: Aiming to Capture Business Process Authenticity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The constantly changing business environment has forced many organizations to move away from focusing on individual tasks and functions to focusing on more integrated and coordinated ways of work. Higher-level business and information systems (IS) education is also in a state of change, as the traditional curriculum does not coincide with business

Lainema, Timo

2004-01-01

254

Business Forecasting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Fred Collopy, Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University, this site provides access to current research in business forecasting. The most up-to-date information is maintained in the News section, complete with links to up-coming conferences, competitions, and publications. Annotated links to major business forecasting associations, datasets, and software providers are also provided, in addition to a bibliography of print materials and M-Competition Data--time series from three forecasting competitions available for download on site.

1999-01-01

255

Airline Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Airline Business is a blog put together by airline industry employees. As a blog, (short for Web Log), the articles tend to be about current events in the airline business and tackle issues from cell phone use on airlines to current thoughts on ways to avoid costly ground accidents. The site is organized into four geographical categories, Africa and the Middle East, Americas, Asia and the Pacific, and finally Europe. This is a website one could check regularly, as posts are frequent, on average of one per day.

2006-10-31

256

How Rural America Sees Its Future. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gain a perspective on rural America's future, seven roundtables consisting of seven rural stakeholder groups were convened. Four groups of challenges facing rural areas emerged. The rural business environment was considered the source of greatest challenge. Agriculture concerns included low profits and access to world markets. The effects of…

Barkema, Alan D.; Drabenstott, Mark

257

Research of B2B e-Business Application and Development Technology Based on SOA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today, the B2B e-business systems in most enterprises usually have multiple heterogeneous and independent systems which are based on different platforms and operate in different functional departments. To deal with the increased services in future, an enterprise needs to expand its system continuously. This, however, will cause great inconvenience to the future system maintenance. To implement e-business successfully, a unified internal e-business integration environment must be established to integrate the internal system and thus realize a unified internal mechanism within the enterprise e-business system. The SOA (service-oriented architecture), however, can well meet the above requirements. The integration of SOA-based applications can reduce the dependency of different types of IT systems, reduce the cost of system maintenance and the complexity of the IT system operation, increase the flexibility of the system deployment, and at the same time exclude the barrier of service innovation. Research and application of SOA-based enterprise application systems has become a very important research project at present. Based on SOA, this document designs an enterprise e-business application model and realizes a flexible and expandable e-business platform.

Xian, Li Liang

258

Business Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module provides materials for a course in business writing, including the writing process, letters, memos, and resumes. The material is designed for three 1-hour classes in a seminar format. Section 1 consists of an introduction, a list of class objectives, and a course outline. The course outline details teacher activities and student…

Cartee, Sherri

259

Unfinished Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult learning is not a tidy business: adults fit learning into the spaces left by the other demands on complex lives, and into the spaces left in administrative structures overwhelmingly designed for other people. No simple metric can capture adults' diverse purposes and achievements, and no single programme can capture the full range of things…

Tuckett, Alan

2011-01-01

260

AGATE animation - business theme  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Business jet 3 of 6. Advanced General Aviation Technology Experiment (AGATE). NASA has selected a team of industry partners to help develop a 'highway in the sky' system, a key element of the government-industry effort to revitalize general aviation in the United States. The team will complete hardware and software development of a totally new concept for presenting critical flight path guidance information to the pilot. The cockpit display system will include a computer-drawn highway that the pilot follows to a pre-programmed destination. The highway will be drawn on a highly intuitive, low-cost flat panel display -- the primary flight display of the future -- that will displace decades-old 'steam gauge' instrumentation. Image from AGATE 'business jet' video animation.

1998-01-01

261

Concern for the quality of life and future importance of the forensic sciences (the living and working environment).  

PubMed

The quality of life concerns the well-being of man and his environment. The disciplines that are an essential part of the professional activities of the forensic scientist ideally suit him to address and to find solutions for the many serious and contradictory problems facing man and his ever more complicated enviornment. PMID:7431001

Gantner, G E

1980-10-01

262

A fast position recovery approach for GPS receivers in jamming environments and a recommendation for future GPS signal structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The GPS receiver operation in a jamming environment brings several challenging tasks. If the signal is lost for a certain period of time then a reacquisition delay can be undesirable for time critical applications. The delay is due to necessity to find the lost signal again and to determine the time stamp on this signal which is contained in the

D. Akopian; S. Agaian

2005-01-01

263

Future energy system in environment, economy, and energy problems (1) nuclear system as a solution to the E³ trilemma  

Microsoft Academic Search

World energy demand is projected to double or triple by the turn of the 21. century. Particularly in developing countries, global warming is emerging as a serious issue. It makes the harmonization of energy, environment, and economy an urgent and major task for mankind. An optimization analysis has shown that the non-nuclear scenario will drive up the average electric power

Kazumi KEDA; Hiroshi SEKIMOTO

2006-01-01

264

SustainableBusiness.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SustainableBusiness.com is a great resource for any environmentally-minded or environmentally-curious person. Sustainable Business is an organization that is helping to promote sustainable business practices throughout the world. Their website publicizes the latest developments, trends, and job listings in sustainable business, in addition to investor guides, connecting businesses with investors, and supplying information to businesses.

2007-10-08

265

Teaching Business IT Ethics: A Professional Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In UK higher education a primary aim of business IT-related qualifications is the preparation of students for a relevant career. In this article we discuss an approach to teaching business IT ethics in a university context that prepares students for the ethical problems that they may meet in their future IT careers, and we demonstrate how this…

Taylor, Mark; Moynihan, Eddie; McWilliam, Jennie; Gresty, David

2004-01-01

266

Journal of Business and Training Education, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ninth issue contains seven articles dealing with research, theory, trends and issues, curriculum, teaching methodology, technology, and personal/professional development. "Attitudes of FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America) Students toward Traditional Business Values and the American Economic System" (Inder P. Nijihawan, Richard S. Ellis)…

Redmann, Donna H., Ed.

2000-01-01

267

Business Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The business domain has many facets and there is no single approach that can claim general validity in the whole domain. Instead\\u000a a number of approaches that are rooted in different fields of research, e.g. agent systems, language action, socio-instrumental\\u000a action etc., compete for an appropriate conceptualization We give an overview of them and provide some deeper insight into\\u000a two

Peter Rittgen

268

Business Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Business Review, a bimonthly publication from the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadephia, features articles written by the Bank staff. This page links to the most current issue, while previous editions are archived. All articles may be downloaded in .pdf format. "Financial Modernization: Vastly Different or Fundamentally the Same?" and "Economics and the New Economy: The Invisible Hand meets Creative Destruction" are the two articles that make up the July/ August issue.

269

Risky business.  

PubMed

Over the past 18 months, as the recession has weighed on the economy and credit markets, American businesses, investors, and consumers have reduced their appetite for risk. Hospitals have rightly joined the pack, reducing exposure to financing risk and decreasing capital expenditures. However, payment reform will force providers to again embrace a type of operational risk that many have avoided since their experience with capitation in the 1990s. PMID:19891395

Mulvany, Chad

2009-11-01

270

Business, Introduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The annual business meeting, which all members are encouraged to attend, will take place on Tuesday afternoon. Come enjoy the President's Ice Cream Party. Come meet new officers. Come nominate candidates for the Nominating Committee. The Nominating Committee is a very important body which provides the slate of candidates for the annual AAS election. Society business will be discussed briefly. Highlighting this meeting will be a panel discussion on: "How to Get Your Paper Published Promptly" Should I mention that Notable Authority Professor Hjalmar Sciatti hates me and my papers? When is it OK to start complaining that no report has arrived? Do I have to do everything the referee says? These and related questions will be addressed at the business meeting in a panel presentation by the editors of the three main AAS publications, Paul Hodge (AJ), Helmut Abt (ApJ), Alex Dalgarno (ApJ Letters), concerning the refereeing and editing process and how authors can interface with it most effectively. There will be time for questions and discussions toward the end, or you can send your questions in advance to askeds@aas.org, so that the most frequent ones can be covered in the presentations.

Dupree, Andrea

1998-05-01

271

Dynabyte monarch business microcomputers  

SciTech Connect

Dynabyte Business Computers has announced a new multiuser desktop computer system, the Monarch. It is designed for the office environment supporting work processing, financial modelling, a full complement of business accounting applications, as well as networking and communications. Monarch is a dual processor computer utilizing both 8-bit and 16-bit architecture. It supports a variety of operating systems from CP/M to OASIS to UNIX. Other features of the Monarch include: 256 kilobytes (kb) to 1 megabyte (mb) of memory; disk storage of up to 65 mb; magnetic cartridge tape backup; 16 asynchronous ports for terminal and printer hookup; asynchronous and synchronous communication protocols; and languages such as basic, FORTRAN, COBOL, and Pascal.

Not Available

1982-11-01

272

Greater Caribbean Energy and Environment Future. Ad hoc working group report, Key Biscayne, Florida, October 26-28, 1980  

SciTech Connect

This report of Workshop I (presented in outline form) by the Greater Caribbean Energy and Environment Foundation begin an intensive focus on the energy problems of the Caribbean. The process by which environmental assessments by tropical experts can be successfully integrated into energy decisions is by: (1) international loan institutions requiring or strongly recommending excellent assessments; (2) engineering awareness of total effects of energy projects; (3) governmental environmental consciousness-raising with regard to natural resource value and potential inadvertent and unnecessary resource losses during energy development; and (4) media participation. Section headings in the outline are: preamble; introduction; research tasks: today and twenty years hence; needed research, demonstration and information dissemination projects to get knowledge about Caribbean energy-environment used; summary; recommendations; generalized conclusions; and background literature. (JGB)

Thorhaug, A. (ed.)

1980-01-01

273

Business graduate skills in sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review research and strategies in Australian business education that aim to foster graduate capabilities in sustainability concepts and practices, also to present a case study of teaching practice along with ideas for future development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors report on a research project by seven Australian universities, with financial support from

Glyn Mather; Leanne Denby; Leigh N. Wood; Bronwen Harrison

2011-01-01

274

Small Business During the Business Cycle.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study attempts to isolate differences in the relative movement of small businesses and large businesses due to cyclical forces in the economy. It analyzes business size data, primarily GDP, over the business cycles of the past four decades. The econo...

2003-01-01

275

MANAGING THE MULTIPROJECT ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with one of the major topics today in the field of project management, i.e. managing the multiproject environment. It introduces a conceptual framework describing the multiproject environment on three levels, strategic, tactical, and operational. The strategic level focuses on global business decisions, and business and project portfolios. The tactical level focuses on the formation of projects on

Mike Danilovic; Håkan Börjesson

276

Business Intelligence Modeling in Launch Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This technology project is to advance an integrated Planning and Management Simulation Model for evaluation of risks, costs, and reliability of launch systems from Earth to Orbit for Space Exploration. The approach builds on research done in the NASA ARC/KSC developed Virtual Test Bed (VTB) to integrate architectural, operations process, and mission simulations for the purpose of evaluating enterprise level strategies to reduce cost, improve systems operability, and reduce mission risks. The objectives are to understand the interdependency of architecture and process on recurring launch cost of operations, provide management a tool for assessing systems safety and dependability versus cost, and leverage lessons learned and empirical models from Shuttle and International Space Station to validate models applied to Exploration. The systems-of-systems concept is built to balance the conflicting objectives of safety, reliability, and process strategy in order to achieve long term sustainability. A planning and analysis test bed is needed for evaluation of enterprise level options and strategies for transit and launch systems as well as surface and orbital systems. This environment can also support agency simulation .based acquisition process objectives. The technology development approach is based on the collaborative effort set forth in the VTB's integrating operations. process models, systems and environment models, and cost models as a comprehensive disciplined enterprise analysis environment. Significant emphasis is being placed on adapting root cause from existing Shuttle operations to exploration. Technical challenges include cost model validation, integration of parametric models with discrete event process and systems simulations. and large-scale simulation integration. The enterprise architecture is required for coherent integration of systems models. It will also require a plan for evolution over the life of the program. The proposed technology will produce long-term benefits in support of the NASA objectives for simulation based acquisition, will improve the ability to assess architectural options verses safety/risk for future exploration systems, and will facilitate incorporation of operability as a systems design consideration, reducing overall life cycle cost for future systems. The future of business intelligence of space exploration will focus on the intelligent system-of-systems real-time enterprise. In present business intelligence, a number of technologies that are most relevant to space exploration are experiencing the greatest change. Emerging patterns of set of processes rather than organizational units leading to end-to-end automation is becoming a major objective of enterprise information technology. The cost element is a leading factor of future exploration systems.

Bardina, Jorge E.; Thirumalainambi, Rajkumar; Davis, Rodney D.

2005-01-01

277

Constructivist Pedagogy for the Business Communication Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business education and learning has become formidable and challenging over the last few years. A traditional learning environment is bereft of active learning where students only try to memorise terms and concepts and is unable to apply them to the real corporate world. It was found in the business communication classes that students fail to…

Mathews, Minu

2007-01-01

278

Business value analysis: - coping with unruly uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional return on investment analysis techniques like discounted cash flow (DCF) and net present value (NPV) fall short of providing adequate decision support in today’s turbulent environment. New techniques, grouped under the concept called “business value analysis” (BVA), show promise. These techniques include intellectual capital, real options valuation, business model dynamics, and synthetic markets. They extend DCF to include intangibles

Russell Thomas

2001-01-01

279

Catholic Social Teaching: Addressing Globalization in Catholic Business Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although business schools are increasingly aware of the importance of globalization in educating future business leaders, their business programs have addressed globalization from a limited perspective that fails to provide students with a broader understanding of its impact on societies and its moral consequences. The conventional approach to the…

Ball, James B.; Martinez, Zaida; Toyne, Brian

2009-01-01

280

Business/Education Partnerships. ERIC Digest No. 156.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the early 1980s, more and more businesses have been motivated to enter into business/education partnerships to improve the academic and technical skills of the future work force. In the one-to-one institutional partnership, the needs of one school and/or one business drive the agreement. As partnerships expand to involve multiple partners,…

Lankard, Bettina A.

281

The business of space exploration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite healthy economic conditions worldwide, aerospace companies have been struggling since the end of the Cold War. The industry faces a very uncertain future as people and money are leaving in droves. But that has not diminished interest in significantly opening up the space frontier for commercial uses. Is there a major disconnect between expectation and reality? What can the Government and private sectors do to positively shape the future? This paper examines the market forces in play and uses the development of the commercial air transportation business to assess the prospect for commercial space transportation and exploration. It also addresses the elements and criteria for business opportunity, and suggests ways in which the public and private sector can work together to build the future of space. .

Tam, Daniel C.

2001-02-01

282

Tribal Business Assistance Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Salish Kootenai College Tribal Business Assistance Center was established in 1994 to provide technical assistance to individuals who are pursuing a small business. The center assists the entrepreneur by way of individual consultation with business advisors, small business workshops, and business administration courses that have been created…

Lansdowne, Michele

283

Improve processes on healthcare: current issues and future trends.  

PubMed

Information Technology (IT) is a critical resource for improving today's business competitiveness. However, many healthcare providers do not proactively manage or improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their services with IT. Survival in a competitive business environment demands continuous improvements in quality and service, while rigorously maintaining core values. Electronic commerce continues its development, gaining ground as the preferred means of business transactions. Embracing e-healthcare and treating IT as a strategic tool to improve patient safety and the quality of care enables healthcare professionals to benefit from technology formerly used only for management purposes. Numerous improvement initiatives, introduced by both the federal government and the private sector, seek to better the status quo in IT. This paper examines the current IT climate using an enhanced "Built to Last" model, and comments on future IT strategies within the healthcare industry. PMID:18048217

Chen, Jason C H; Dolan, Matt; Lin, Binshan

2004-01-01

284

Microcomputers in Business: How Are They Being Used?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninety-one Utah business firms responded to a survey ranking current and future microcomputer applications. Predominant current uses are for file management and accounting. These two, as well as word processing, were identified as important future applications. (SK)

Bartholome, Lloyd W.; Dockter, DuWayne Lee

1984-01-01

285

The Right Amount of Glue: Technologies and Standards Relevant to a Future Solar-Terrestrial Data Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to meet the challenge of developing a new system science, we will need to employ technology that enables researchers to access data from fields with which they are at least initially unfamiliar as well as from sources they use more regularly. At the same time, the quantity of data to be obtained by missions such as the Solar Dynamics Observatory demands ease and simplicity of data access. These competing demands must in turn fit within severely constrained funding for data analysis in such projects. Based on experience in only a single discipline but with a diversity of data types and sources, we will give examples of technology that have made a significant difference in the way people do science. Similarly, we will show how adoption of a well-documented data format has made it easier for one community to search, reduce, and analyze data. We will also describe a community-supported data reduction and analysis software tree with useful features. We will attempt to generalize the lessons learned in these instances to features the broader, solar-terrestrial community might find compelling, while avoiding overdesign of a common data environment.

Gurman, J. B.; Dimitoglou, G.; Bogart, R.; Tian, K. Q.; Hill, F.; Wampler, S.; Martens, P. C.; Davey, A. R.

2002-01-01

286

The Effects of Environment, Strategy, Culture, and Resource Dependency on Perceptions of Organizational Effectiveness of Schools of Business. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized Cameron's (1978) construct of organizational effectiveness to identify the relationship between the predictor variables of: (1) managerial strategy; (2) organizational culture; (3) change in the external environment; and (4) resource dependency, using causal modeling procedures. This construct is a theoretical framework that…

Clott, Christopher B.

287

The Effect Of Ambient Factors In The Design And Branding Of The Restaurant Environment: A Business Approach Model Exemplified In “Café Cabernet”, Tallahassee, Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interior designers and architects need solid research in order to design restaurants that are both successful for owners and customers. Consumer’s eyes and palates are increasingly educated, making it more difficult to create a signature décor. This forces operators to become more engaged in acoustics, lighting, color, fabrics and more (Leahy, 2006). Customer’s concern for the built environment rivals demand

Bradley K. Ertzberger

2009-01-01

288

A Review of NCI's Extramural Grant Portfolio: Identifying Opportunities for Future Research in Genes and Environment in Cancer  

PubMed Central

Background Genetic and environmental factors jointly influence cancer risk. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has made the study of gene-environment (GxE) interactions a research priority since the year 2000. Methods To assess the current status of GxE research in cancer, we analyzed the extramural grant portfolio of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) from Fiscal Years 2007 to 2009. Publications attributed to selected grants were also evaluated. Results From the 1,106 research grants identified in our portfolio analysis, a random sample of 450 grants (40%) was selected for data abstraction; of these, 147 (33%) were considered relevant. The most common cancer type was breast (20%, n=29), followed by lymphoproliferative (10%, n=14), colorectal (9%, n=13), melanoma/other skin (9%, n=13), and lung/upper aero-digestive tract (8%, n=12) cancers. The majority of grants were studies of candidate genes (68%, n=100) compared to genome-wide association studies (GWAS) (8%, n=12). Approximately one third studied environmental exposures categorized as energy balance (37%, n=54) or drugs/treatment (29%, n=43). From the 147 relevant grants, 108 publications classified as GxE or pharmacogenomic were identified. These publications were linked to 37 of the 147 grant applications (25%). Conclusion The findings from our portfolio analysis suggest that GxE studies are concentrated in specific areas. There is room for investments in other aspects of GxE research, including, but not limited to developing alternative approaches to exposure assessment, broadening the spectrum of cancer types investigated, and performing GxE within GWAS. Impact This portfolio analysis provides a cross-sectional review of NCI support for GxE research in cancer.

Ghazarian, Armen A.; Simonds, Naoko I.; Bennett, Kelly; Pimentel, Camilla B.; Ellison, Gary L.; Gillanders, Elizabeth M.; Schully, Sheri D.; Mechanic, Leah E.

2013-01-01

289

Hydrological analysis and modeling in a changing environment - progress, challenges and future studies in a rapidly changing nation like China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hydrological analysis and modeling in a river basin, a region or the globe are essential for water resources assessment, flood forecasting and impact study of climate and environment change. Development and application of hydrological analysis methods and models at different spatial and temporal scales have been carried out since later part of the 19th century, when the rational model was introduced. Since then, the development of hydrological models has gone through several stages, i.e., from the rational method through conceptual to physically-based models, from lumped to distributed models, and from catchment scale to regional and global scale models. While following international trends, the development of the hydrological sciences in China has demonstrated its own characteristics and uniqueness due to its complex issues involving a rapidly changing climate regime, heavily engineered river systems, landuse change and non-standardised data sets. Considerable progress has been achieved to date in hydrological research in China; however, significant ongoing challenges to the hydrological analysis and modeling remain to be addressed since in a changing world, model inputs, outputs, parameters, relationship between inputs and outputs may all vary and become nonstationary, violating the basic assumption of the most existing statistical methods and models. The presentation will first briefly review the history and progress of the development of hydrological science and models, and then discuss the methods used to determining different types of nonstationarity, and address the difference of types, extents, and causes of nonstationarity of individual hydrological components as well as their relationships found in major river basins of China. The presentation finally highlights current limitations and provides a view about the foreseeable developments in hydrological analysis and modeling in a rapidly changing nation like China.

Xu, C.-Y.

2012-04-01

290

Research in Business Surveys (RIBS): Assessing Research Competencies Needed by Business Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to (1) help identify the research skills and competencies needed in the business world, (2) establish educational priorities among these competencies, and (3) offer a methodology for directing future curriculum planning for undergraduate and graduate business programs. (LRA)

Bajtelsmit, John W.

1981-01-01

291

Expanding Horizons in Business Education. National Business Education Association Yearbook, No. 32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This yearbook contains the following 17 papers on business education for the future: "Teaching Keyboarding to Elementary Children" (Rowena Russell); "Keyboarding to Desktop Publishing in Middle School" (Sharon Andelora); "Youth Apprenticeship Programs--Business and School Partnerships" (William H. Cassidy); "The Administrative Steps for…

McEntee, Arthur, Ed.

292

Large-Scale Distributed Storage System for Business Provenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's complex business environment, applications span across loosely coupled systems generating massive amounts of business artifacts at various levels of granularity. Monitoring and analyzing these artifacts enables access to critical process information to improve the effectiveness of business operations. Tracking, capturing, storing and processing such large volumes of data, however, is difficult and resource intensive with current relational database

Szabolcs Rozsnyai; Aleksander Slominski; Yurdaer Doganata

2011-01-01

293

Cultural Sensitivity: The Key to Teaching Global Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More ethical practices in business begin with ethical training in business schools. International business education classes can compare corporate codes and actual behavior; explore the role of cultural differences in values, principles, and standards; and analyze ethical dilemmas in a global environment. (SK)

Timm, Judee A.

2003-01-01

294

Integrating business analytics into strategic planning for better performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Over the past few years, developments in business analytics have provided strategic planners with promising instruments for dealing with turbulent environments. This study aims to reveal whether or not the application of business analytics in strategic planning contributes to better company performance, and to formulate recommendations on how to integrate business analytics in companies' performance management systems. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

Tobias Klatt; Marten Schlaefke; Klaus Moeller

2011-01-01

295

Developing International Business Managers through International Study Visits to China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globalization is a key factor in the success of business organizations today, impacting many aspects of management performance. Understanding the global business environment has therefore become a key objective in the teaching of international business on Executive MBA programs. Drawing on the theory of experiential learning, this study examines…

Tang, Yiming; Rose, Susan

2014-01-01

296

Quality Measures for Digital Business Ecosystems Formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To execute a complex business task, business entities may need to collaborate with each other as individually they may not have the capability or willingness to perform the task on its own. Such collaboration can be seen implemented in digital business ecosystems in the form of simple coalitions using multi-agent systems or by employing Electronic Institutions. A major challenge is choosing optimal partners who will deliver the agreed commitments, and act in the coalition’s interest. Business entities are scaled according to their quality level. Determining the quality of previously unknown business entities and predicting the quality of such an entity in a dynamic environment are crucial issues in Business Ecosystems. A comprehensive quality management system grounded in the concepts of Trust and Reputation can help address these issues.

Raza, Muhammad; Hussain, Farookh Khadeer; Chang, Elizabeth

297

MEP (Mars Environment Package): toward a package for studying environmental conditions at the surface of Mars from future lander/rover missions.  

PubMed

In view to prepare Mars human exploration, it is necessary to promote and lead, at the international level, a highly interdisciplinary program, involving specialists of geochemistry, geophysics, atmospheric science, space weather, and biology. The goal of this program will be to elaborate concepts of individual instruments, then of integrated instrumental packages, able to collect exhaustive data sets of environmental parameters from future landers and rovers of Mars, and to favour the conditions of their implementation. Such a program is one of the most urgent need for preparing human exploration, in order to develop mitigation strategies aimed at ensuring the safety of human explorers, and minimizing risk for surface operations. A few main areas of investigation may be listed: particle and radiation environment, chemical composition of atmosphere, meteorology, chemical composition of dust, surface and subsurface material, water in the subsurface, physical properties of the soil, search for an hypothesized microbial activity, characterization of radio-electric properties of the Martian ionosphere. Scientists at the origin of the present paper, already involved at a high degree of responsibility in several Mars missions, and actively preparing in situ instrumentation for future landed platforms (Netlander--now cancelled, MSL-09), express their readiness to participate in both ESA/AURORA and NASA programs of Mars human exploration. They think that the formation of a Mars Environment working group at ESA, in the course of the AURORA definition phase, could act positively in favour of the program, by increasing its scientific cross-section and making it still more focused on human exploration. PMID:15934176

Chassefière, E; Bertaux, J-L; Berthelier, J-J; Cabane, M; Ciarletti, V; Durry, G; Forget, F; Hamelin, M; Leblanc, F; Menvielle, M; Gerasimov, M; Korablev, O; Linkin, S; Managadze, G; Jambon, A; Manhès, G; Lognonné, Ph; Agrinier, P; Cartigny, P; Giardini, D; Pike, T; Kofman, W; Herique, A; Coll, P; Person, A; Costard, F; Sarda, Ph; Paillou, Ph; Chaussidon, M; Marty, B; Robert, F; Maurice, S; Blanc, M; d'Uston, C; Sabroux, J-Ch; Pineau, J-F; Rochette, P

2004-01-01

298

MEP (Mars Environment Package): toward a package for studying environmental conditions at the surface of Mars from future lander/rover missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In view to prepare Mars human exploration, it is necessary to promote and lead, at the international level, a highly interdisciplinary program, involving specialists of geochemistry, geophysics, atmospheric science, space weather, and biology. The goal of this program will be to elaborate concepts of individual instruments, then of integrated instrumental packages, able to collect exhaustive data sets of environmental parameters from future landers and rovers of Mars, and to favour the conditions of their implementation. Such a program is one of the most urgent need for preparing human exploration, in order to develop mitigation strategies aimed at ensuring the safety of human explorers, and minimizing risk for surface operations. A few main areas of investigation may be listed: particle and radiation environment, chemical composition of atmosphere, meteorology, chemical composition of dust, surface and subsurface material, water in the subsurface, physical properties of the soil, search for an hypothesized microbial activity, characterization of radio-electric properties of the Martian ionosphere. Scientists at the origin of the present paper, already involved at a high degree of responsibility in several Mars missions, and actively preparing in situ instrumentation for future landed platforms (Netlander—now cancelled, MSL-09), express their readiness to participate in both ESA/AURORA and NASA programs of Mars human exploration. They think that the formation of a Mars Environment working group at ESA, in the course of the AURORA definition phase, could act positively in favour of the program, by increasing its scientific cross-section and making it still more focused on human exploration.

Chassefière, E.; Bertaux, J.-L.; Berthelier, J.-J.; Cabane, M.; Ciarletti, V.; Durry, G.; Forget, F.; Hamelin, M.; Leblanc, F.; Menvielle, M.; Gerasimov, M.; Korablev, O.; Linkin, S.; Managadze, G.; Jambon, A.; Manhès, G.; Lognonné, Ph.; Agrinier, P.; Cartigny, P.; Giardini, D.; Pike, T.; Kofman, W.; Herique, A.; Coll, P.; Person, A.; Costard, F.; Sarda, Ph.; Paillou, Ph.; Chaussidon, M.; Marty, B.; Robert, F.; Maurice, S.; Blanc, M.; d'Uston, C.; Sabroux, J.-Ch.; Pineau, J.-F.; Rochette, P.

2004-01-01

299

Developments In Business Simulation & Experiential Learning, Volume 24, 1997 THE BUSINESS POLICY GAME: AN INTERNATIONAL SIMULATION-AN ASSESSMENT TOOL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Business Policy Game: An International Simulation was designed to provide an integrative experience for students studying business administration and to provide a vehicle around which to design and implement strategic plans. Tyhe game incorporates two types of assessment tools. The measures evaluate knowledge based upon performance in a simulated environment. This paper discusses some of The Business Policy Game's

David J. Fritzsche; Dick Cotter

300

Future Trends in Our Profession.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses future trends affecting school business management, including greater state funding and involvement in policy issues, increased competition from alternative schools, controversy over vouchers, new educational technologies, fewer specialized administrator training programs, expanded educational services, integrated social services, and…

Pichel, Frank M.; Piper, Wallace B.

1998-01-01

301

E-Business Governance: A Co-Evolutionary Approach to E-Business Strategy Formulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

e-Business evolution is generally presented as a highly dynamic process where organisations focus on business transformation\\u000a and the creation of the agile extended enterprise. What is not well understood however is how organisations can plan for this\\u000a process and whether standard business strategy formulation approaches can apply in such a dynamic environment. The research\\u000a presented in this paper resulted from

Janice M. Burn; Colin G. Ash

2004-01-01

302

Multi-decadal changes in tundra environments and ecosystems: the International Polar Year-Back to the Future Project (IPY-BTF).  

PubMed

Polar and alpine environments are changing rapidly due to increases in temperature, which are amplified in the Arctic, as well as changes in many local factors. The impacts on ecosystems and their function have potential consequences for local residents and the global community. Tundra areas are vast and diverse, and the knowledge of geographical variation in environmental and ecosystem change is limited to relatively few locations, or to remote sensing approaches that are limited mostly to the past few decades. The International Polar Year, IPY, provided a context, stimulus and timely opportunities for re-visiting old research sites and data sets to collate data on past changes, to pass knowledge from old to new generations of researchers and to document environmental characteristics of sites to facilitate detection and attribution of future changes. Consequently, the project "Retrospective and Prospective Vegetation Change in the Polar Regions: Back to the Future," BTF, was proposed and endorsed as an IPY activity (project #512). With national funding support, teams of researchers re-visited former sites and data sets throughout the Arctic and some alpine regions. These efforts have amounted to a gamut of "BTF" studies that are collectively geographically expansive and disciplinary diverse. A selection of these studies are introduced and presented in the current issue together with a brief synthesis of their findings. PMID:21954718

Callaghan, Terry V; Tweedie, Craig E; Webber, Patrick J

2011-09-01

303

Teaching business ethics: Is there a gap between rhetoric and reality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of the continued erosion of business ethics in America, the ongoing question is what are the nation's business schools doing to prepare ethically responsible future leaders of industry and government? This paper reports the findings of a survey mailed to every program accredited by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. The curriculum treatment of business ethics

Richard J. George

1987-01-01

304

NABTE Review: A Journal of the National Association for Business Teacher Education, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue includes research that addresses the needs and the future of business education, its competencies, curriculum, technology, and ethics. "Editorial Comment: Calling All Business Educators What Can We Do?" (Chalupa) provides an overview of the issue. "Business Education in the United States: 1991-2000 National Association for Business

Chalupa, Marilyn R., Ed.

2001-01-01

305

A Technology Plan for Enabling Commercial Space Business  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Advanced Space Transportation Program is a customer driven, focused technology program that supports the NASA Strategic Plan and considers future commercial space business projections. The initial cycle of the Advanced Space Transportation Program implementation planning was conducted from December 1995 through February 1996 and represented increased NASA emphasis on broad base technology development with the goal of dramatic reductions in the cost of space transportation. The second planning cycle, conducted in January and February 1997, updated the program implementation plan based on changes in the external environment, increased maturity of advanced concept studies, and current technology assessments. The program has taken a business-like approach to technology development with a balanced portfolio of near, medium, and long-term strategic targets. Strategic targets are influenced by Earth science, space science, and exploration objectives as well as commercial space markets. Commercial space markets include those that would be enhanced by lower cost transportation as well as potential markets resulting in major increases in space business induced by reductions in transportation cost. The program plan addresses earth-to-orbit space launch, earth orbit operations and deep space systems. It also addresses all critical transportation system elements; including structures, thermal protection systems, propulsion, avionics, and operations. As these technologies are matured, integrated technology flight experiments such as the X-33 and X-34 flight demonstrator programs support near-term (one to five years) development or operational decisions. The Advanced Space Transportation Program and the flight demonstrator programs combine business planning, ground-based technology demonstrations and flight demonstrations that will permit industry and NASA to commit to revolutionary new space transportation systems beginning at the turn of the century and continuing far into the future.

Lyles, Garry M.

1997-01-01

306

The Just in Time Approach To Effectively Use Business Software in College Business Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The skills necessary to compete in a fast paced business environment--critical thinking, risk taking, team building, project management, and others--are not and cannot be addressed in the traditional delivery of an undergraduate business course. The Ohio University-Lancaster Management program uses a project based, just-in-time (JIT) approach to…

Hoyt, Brian R.

307

Strategic Implications of Specialized Business School Accreditation: End of the Line for Some Business Education Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, the competitive environment for business education has been rapidly changing. Although 1st-tier schools and colleges of business generally resolved accreditation issues long ago, other institutions are increasingly considering specialized accreditation as a strategic tool in the competition for students and institutional prestige.…

Tullis, K. J.; Camey, John P.

2007-01-01

308

What Every Business School Needs to Know about Its Master of Business Administration (MBA) Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the 1990s represented an expansive period for business schools in the United States the past few years have seen a significant drop in demand for this once popular degree program. As many schools of business struggle to retain their market share in this increasingly competitive environment, one powerful, but sometimes overlooked, strategy…

Richards-Wilson, Stephani; Galloway, Fred

2006-01-01

309

Central City Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business owners and managers from 10 large cities were surveyed regarding (1) perceptions of their cities' business climate; (2) plans for increasing/decreasing their work force; and (3) whether they had considered moving/closing their businesses. Results suggest that for central city business to thrive, improvement must occur in urban quality of…

Matz, Deborah

1981-01-01

310

Megatrends in Family Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past decade has brought changes in our understanding of family businesses. This article identifies 10 “megatrends,” which are evolving changes fundamental to understanding and working with family businesses. Identified trends include focusing on generational transitions rather than business succession; team management and ownership as a developing norm; the increasing importance of strategic planning in family business; increasing financial sophistication;

Craig E. Aronoff

1998-01-01

311

Safe Climate, Sound Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, global environmental trends such as climate change are impacting human and ecological health and the ability of business to operate. Business needs to act now to limit greenhouse gases and prepare for changes already underway. Business can play a significant part in providing solutions that are profitable for society and business. A select group of leadership companies are already

Elizabeth Cook; Eliza Barclay

2002-01-01

312

Is Business Ethics Dying?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for business ethics courses in undergraduate and graduate business degree programs. Describes reasons for and objections to such programs. Explains that business ethics instruction requires varied case studies, adequate teaching materials, cooperation between philosophers and business faculty, and instructors who are forthcoming…

Pamental, George L.

1991-01-01

313

The ecological research needs of business  

PubMed Central

Businesses have an unrivalled ability to mobilize human, physical and financial capital, often manage large land holdings, and draw on resources and supply products that impact a wide array of ecosystems. Businesses therefore have the potential to make a substantial contribution to arresting declines in biodiversity and ecosystem services. To realize this potential, businesses require support from researchers in applied ecology to inform how they measure and manage their impacts on, and opportunities presented to them by, biodiversity and ecosystem services. We reviewed papers in leading applied ecology journals to assess the research contribution from existing collaborations involving businesses. We reviewed applications to, and grants funded by, the UK’s Natural Environment Research Council for evidence of public investment in such collaborations. To scope opportunities for expanding collaborations with businesses, we conducted workshops with three sectors (mining and quarrying, insurance and manufacturing) in which participants identified exemplar ecological research questions of interest to their sector. Ten to fifteen per cent of primary research papers in Journal of Applied Ecology and Ecological Applications evidenced business involvement, mostly focusing on traditional rural industries (farming, fisheries and forestry). The review of UK research council funding found that 35% of applications mentioned business engagement, while only 1% of awarded grants met stricter criteria of direct business involvement. Some questions identified in the workshops aim to reduce costs from businesses’ impacts on the environment and others to allow businesses to exploit new opportunities. Some questions are designed to inform long-term planning undertaken by businesses, but others would have more immediate commercial applications. Finally, some research questions are designed to streamline and make more effective those environmental policies that affect businesses. Business participants were forward-looking regarding ecological questions and research. For example, representatives from mining and quarrying companies emphasized the need to move beyond biodiversity to consider how ecosystems function, while those from the insurance sector stressed the importance of ecology researchers entering into new types of interdisciplinary collaboration. Synthesis and applications. Businesses from a variety of sectors demonstrated a clear interest in managing their impacts on, and exploiting opportunities created by, ecosystem services and biodiversity. To achieve this, businesses are asking diverse ecological research questions, but publications in leading applied ecology journals and research council funding reveal limited evidence of direct engagement with businesses. This represents a missed opportunity for ecological research findings to see more widespread application.

Armsworth, Paul R; Armsworth, Anastasia N; Compton, Natalie; Cottle, Phil; Davies, Ian; Emmett, Bridget A; Fandrich, Vanessa; Foote, Matthew; Gaston, Kevin J; Gardiner, Phil; Hess, Tim; Hopkins, John; Horsley, Nick; Leaver, Natasha; Maynard, Trevor; Shannon, Delia

2010-01-01

314

Smart Business Supersite (SBS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Smart Business Supersite provides "how-to" business information. This site houses a large, searchable database of business-related articles that are organized into general categories such as franchising, management and human resource management. Some of these articles were written exclusively for the Smart Business Supersite. Also available are special sections on resources for job seekers and employers, and information on doing business on the Internet.

1996-01-01

315

Assessing the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the past, the present, and the future offers an enlightening view of literacy in America. A 1967 issue of the "Illinois Journal of Education" has articles on phonics, linguistics, spelling, modalities of learning, disadvantaged children, vision screening and vision training, readiness, Montessori, partnerships between business and…

Berger, Allen

316

Intelligent business assistant based on context-aware computing platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existing reminder system uses limited context information and has limited functions, so it can't meet users ' needs. This paper presents intelligent business assistant based on context-aware computing platform in a grid computing environment. The platform uses the context modeling and reasoning technology and analyzes the system in the grid environment. At last, the intelligent business assistant is implemented

Yanshuai Zhang; Hong He

2010-01-01

317

4WARD: A European Perspective towards the Future Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we describe several approaches to address the challenges of the network of the future. Our main hypothesis is that the Future Internet must be designed for the environment of applications and transport media of the 21st century, vastly different from the initial Internet's life space. One major requirement is the inherent support for mobile and wireless usage. A Future Internet should allow for the fast creation of diverse network designs and paradigms and must also support their co-existence at run-time. We detail the technical and business scenarios that lead the development in the EU FP7 4WARD project towards a framework for the Future Internet.

Brunner, Marcus; Abramowicz, Henrik; Niebert, Norbert; Correia, Luis M.

318

A Comparative Study Of Ethical Values Of Business Students: American Vs. Middle Eastern Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business schools must prepare students to face the world and yet maintain strong ethical convictions. The question of ethics in the business environment is not exclusive to the United States. Ethical business behavior is a multinational issue, and all business schools world-wide must deal with this issue. However, cultural differences often define acceptable ethical behavior. For example, the acceptable amount

Michael Shurden; Douglass Cagwin

319

Quantitative Literacy for Undergraduate Business Students in the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current business environment is awash in vast amounts of data that ongoing transactions continually generate. Leading-edge corporations are using business analytics to achieve competitive advantage. However, educators are not adequately preparing business school students in quantitative methods to meet this challenge. For more than half a century, business schools have relied mostly on a course in calculus and a

Richard McClure; Sumit Sircar

2008-01-01

320

Child health: a legitimate business concern.  

PubMed

This article reviews evidence substantiating the relationship between child health and business outcomes and evaluates literature regarding organizational interventions that benefit child health and reduce associated costs. The review focuses on 4 family-friendly initiatives, including prenatal programs, lactation programs, sick child care, and flexible working arrangements, and considers 4 business outcomes, specifically health care costs, face time, productive time, and employer attractiveness. Limitations of previous research are discussed, and preventive and reactive models of the relationship between child health and business outcomes are developed as guides for future research. PMID:15506848

Major, Debra A; Cardenas, Rebekah A; Allard, Carolyn B

2004-10-01

321

Successful business process design. Business plan development for the occupational health services unit.  

PubMed

1. The occupational health nurse is often mandated by management to validate health services offered and programs developed for employees as valuable to the business and company mission. 2. The business plan of the occupational health service is a working document, changing as needs of the client/customer and internal and external business and socio-economic environment evolve. 3. Alignment with and support of the company mission, goals, and objectives is another method of proving good occupational health is good business. 4. Business planning is a basic business tool the wise and prudent occupational health nurse can use in proving good occupational health is vital to the success of a company. PMID:9146105

Kalina, C M; Fitko, J

1997-02-01

322

Moral reasoning and business ethics: Implications for research, education, and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews Kohlberg's (1969) theory of cognitive moral development, highlighting moral reasoning research relevant to the business ethics domain. Implications for future business ethics research, higher education and training, and the management of ethical\\/unethical behavior are discussed.

Linda Klebe Trevino

1992-01-01

323

Woods Institute for the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at Stanford University, the Ward W. and Priscilla B. Woods Institute for the Environment draws on the expertise and creativity of leading academics and decision makers to create practical solutions for people and the planet. Some of their projects include research trying to discover solutions for global environmental sustainability issues and developing strong environment leaders for today and the future. In the site's "Research" area, visitors can learn about their strategic collaborations that deal with food security and ocean viability. In their "Uncommon Dialogue" area, visitors can read transcripts and paper abstracts from meetings that include "California Rangelands" and "Wastewater as a Resource: Focus on the Bay". New visitors should also take a look at the "Gateways For" area, as there is a drop-down menu for journalists, business, and most importantly educators and students seeking to use some of their findings in the classroom.

324

Business Value Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Agile teams want to deliver maximum business value. That’s easy if the on-site Ccstomer assigns business value to each story. But how does the customer do that? How can you estimate business value? This workshop is run as a game, where teams have to make tough business decisions for their ”organizations”. Teams have to decide which orders to take and what to deliver first in order to earn more. The session gives the participants basic business value estimation techniques, but the main point is to make people live through the business situation and to help them feel the consequences of various choices.

Marchenko, Artem; Duarte, Vasco

325

The Business Eccountant  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Business Eccountant, published by BusinessEd.net, offers an excellent weekly round-up of business and economics related news from around the world. Geared towards college educators and librarians, this newsletter offers headlines and links to top business stories from international news sources along with financial results; articles on corporate governance; currency, interest rates, and global economy summaries; and a company profile. While all users may read via the Web, academics may register to receive a weekly email update. Intelligent and current, The Business Eccountant is a stellar business and economics current awareness and news resource. But what is an "Eccountant"?

326

Credit scoring system for small business loans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A requirement of a credit scoring decision support system for small business loans is that the embedded,scoring model can be easily altered in accord with the change of business environment. To satisfy such a requirement, this study proposes an N-tier architecture integrated with the idea of Model-View-Controller. With this design, the system engineers can avoid frequently investing considerable time

Ray Tsaih; Yu-jane Liu; Wenching Liu; Yu-ling Lien

2004-01-01

327

Enhancing the Business Analysis Function with Semantics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper outlines a prototypical work bench which offers semantically enhanced analytical capabilities to the business analyst.\\u000a The business case for such an environment is outlined and user scenario development used to illustrate system requirements.\\u000a Based upon ideas from meta-discourse and exploiting advances within the fields of ontology engineering, annotation, natural\\u000a language processing and personal knowledge management, the Analyst Work

Peter Spyns

2006-01-01

328

According to Local Circumstances: Teaching Business Ethics on Both Sides of the Atlantic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claims that business ethics must recognize economic and organizational characteristics and the legal, political, and ethical environment. Argues that teaching business ethics varies according to local circumstances. Identifies social democracy and the Single European Market as determining the European environment. Suggests an approach to business

Van Luijk, Henk

1991-01-01

329

Teaching Business Ethics or Teaching Business Ethically?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that one of the most important contexts for ethical decision-making is the nature and operation of "contemporary capitalisms." Suggests that rather than issuing a call for teaching business ethics, the author emphasizes the need for more ethical business teaching. (SG)

Stablein, Ralph

2003-01-01

330

Business Model Analysis Applied to Mobile Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile business is a young promising industry created by the emergence of wireless data networks. Similar to other emerging industries, it is characterized by a large number of uncertainties at different levels, in particular concerning technology, business strategy and consumer demand. This paper focuses on the strategic uncertainties, where a large number of actors are trying a number of strategic

Giovanni Camponovo; Yves Pigneur

2003-01-01

331

Business analysis metrics for business process redesign  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the existing BPR methodologies there exists a big division in business analysis techniques due to the black and white approach used in most cases. In some of them, cost is the central issue, in others generic management or the successful use of IT. As a result business analysis techniques are directed towards this central issue ignoring any other means

George Valiris; Michalis Glykas

2004-01-01

332

Cybersecurity issues for businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growing reliance of business processes in the cyber world for conducting operations and interacting with trading partners, cyber security has become an important parameter in the design of various business processes in different organizations nowadays.

Khalil El-Khatib; Patrick Hung; Julie Thorpe; Walid Rjaibi

2010-01-01

333

Small Business Gateway  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) links small business owners interested in environmental issues to government services and information at the Small Business Gateway. Six metapages spanning topics of business financing, technical assistance, and environmental regulation contain helpful annotations, and the Environmental Contacts and Experts section lists EPA resources by region.

334

Teaching business ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business ethics should be taught in business schools as an integrated part of core curricula in MBA programs with a dual focus on both analytical frameworks and their applications to the business disciplines. To overcome the reluctance of many faculty to handle ethical issues, a critical mass of faculty must develop suitable materials, educate their peers in its use, and

Jeffrey Gandz; Nadine Hayes

1988-01-01

335

Food Business Entrepreneurship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Though not a very traditional career path for food scientists, one option is to go into business for yourself by starting a food business. Food business entrepreneurship is a difficult career that entails long work hours, extensive decision making, and tasks that require knowledge beyond food science. However, there is high potential for rewards, including financial rewards, career progression, and personal flexibility.

Weber, Peter

336

Simulating Multinational Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic disciplines of business schools—accounting, finance, management, marketing, and production—generally do not emphasize the environmental warp of firms operating abroad, with the consequence that students are often inadequately prepared for the subtle differences which foreign environmental features may have upon a given business decision. We believe that these special problems of multinational business can be presented to novices most

Clifford N. Smith; Marshall H. Whithed

1970-01-01

337

Simulating Multinational Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic disciplines of business schools—accounting, finance, management, marketing, and production—generally do not emphasize the environmental warp of firms operating abroad, with the consequence that students are often inadequately prepared for the subtle differences which foreign environmental features may have upon a given business decision. We believe that these special problems of multinational business can be presented to novices most

Clifford N Smith; Marshall H Whithed

338

First Business Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers first-time business persons information as well as administrative and operational techniques for one-person business enterprises that have low initial start-up costs and low operational and overhead costs. These one-person businesses can be home based or have site locations outside the home. Included in this guide is a list of…

Small Business Administration, Washington, DC. Office of Business Development.

339

Small Business Pedagogic Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding how learning for small businesses should best proceed constitutes a worthwhile, yet challenging, pedagogic project. In order to maintain their viability, small businesses need to be able to respond to new practices and tasks. Yet small businesses seem neither attracted to nor to value the kinds of taught courses that are the standard…

Billett, Stephen; Hernon-Tinning, Barnie; Ehrich, Lisa

2003-01-01

340

Small Business Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a resource for both experienced businesspeople and those new to business, this annotated bibliography provides a list of books, pamphlets, periodicals, and videotapes of value in solving specific business problems. The bibliography begins with a list of resources recommended for the library of every small business and a survey of…

Anderson, Wendell, Ed.

341

Small Business, Big Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cites activities of the American Association of Community and Junior College's National Small Business Training Network, which links two-year colleges to the Small Business Administration. Notes outreach activities, business-related training models, curriculum and delivery-system modifications, and efforts to strengthen individual institution's…

Eliason, Carol

1982-01-01

342

Partnering with Business Coalitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many career and technical education (CTE) programs rely heavily on support from the business community to serve their students. However, there is very little information available on building solid business-education partnerships. Most people in the business world will say that they care about education, but how can educators find the people…

Pawlowski, Brett

2007-01-01

343

Assessment of vulnerability to future marine processes of urbanized coastal environments by a GIS-based approach: expected scenario in the metropolitan area of Bari (Italy)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Literature concerning the risk assessment procedures after extreme meteorological events is generally focused on the establishing of relationship between actual severe weather conditions and impact detected over the involved zones. Such an events are classified on the basis of measurements and observation able to assess the magnitude of phenomena or on the basis of related effects on the affected area, the latter being deeply connected with the overall physical vulnerability. However such assessment almost never do consider scenario about expected extreme event and possible pattern of urbanization at the time of impact and nor the spatial and temporal uncertainty of phenomena are taken into account. The drawn of future scenario about coastal vulnerability to marine processes is therefore difficult. This work focuses the study case of the Metropoli Terra di Bari (metropolitan area of Bari, Apulia, Italy) where a coastal vulnerability analysis due to climate changes expected on the basis of expert opinions coming from the scientific community was carried out. Several possible impacts on the coastal environments were considered, in particular sea level rise inundation, flooding due to storm surge and coastal erosion. For such a purpose the methodology base on SRES (Special Report on Emission Scenario) produced by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) was adopted after a regionalization procedure as carried out by Verburgh and others (2006) at the European scale. The open source software SLEUTH, base on the cellular automate principle, was used and the reliability of obtained scenario verified through the Monte Carlo method. Once these scenario were produced, a GIS-based multicriteria methodology was implemented to evaluate the vulnerability of the urbanized coastal area of interest. Several vulnerability maps related are therefore available for different scenario able to consider the degree of hazards and potential development of the typology and extent of urban settlements. The vulnerability assessments under different scenario could represent a suitable tool in the designing of risk mitigation strategies under uncertain scenario of hazard.

Mancini, F.; Ceppi, C.; Christopulos, V.

2013-12-01

344

Perceptions of business ethics: Students vs. business people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of business students and of business practitioners regarding ethics in business. A survey consisting of a series of brief ethical situations was completed by 537 senior business majors and 158 experienced business people. They responded to the situations, first, as they believed the typical business person would respond and, second,

Barbara C. Cole; Dennie L. Smith

1996-01-01

345

49 CFR Appendix C to Part 26 - DBE Business Development Program Guidelines  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...or work outside the DBE program. (D) The business plan should contain at least the following: (1) An analysis of market potential, competitive environment and other business analyses estimating the program participant's...

2011-10-01

346

49 CFR Appendix C to Part 26 - DBE Business Development Program Guidelines  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...or work outside the DBE program. (D) The business plan should contain at least the following: (1) An analysis of market potential, competitive environment and other business analyses estimating the program participant's...

2012-10-01

347

Careful Planning: The Fundraising Edge [and] A Twelve-Step Program for Stronger Grant Proposals [and] Business-School Partnerships: Future Media Center Funding Sources [and] Rakin' in the Clams... Or, How to Make Lots of Cash from Renting Best-Sellers [and] The Book Business: The Bookstore as an Alternative Funding Source for the Public Library [and] Friends of the Library Book Sales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents six articles addressing various methods and concerns for raising funds for public, academic, and school libraries, including raising money from corporations, foundations, and individuals; the process of writing grant proposals; local business/school partnerships; rental programs for bestsellers; bookstores/giftshops; and friends of the…

Sumerford, Steve; And Others

1995-01-01

348

New York Times: Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York Times has redesigned the business section on its web site; it features the latest business news and updates from the stock market. A Business Briefcase section has now been added; this section features the latest business books, business travel, the mutual funds quarterly report, company capsules from Hoover's Inc., and the latest loan and deposit rates from BanxQuote. The Your Money section caters to the personal investor; it provides investors with articles on investing, tools for managing their portfolio and a forum for discussing the stock market. Users in the United States may access the site free of charge after registering.

349

Mondaq Business Briefing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mondaq Business Briefing is maintained by Business Briefing Publishing Ltd. as a service aimed at "professionals and business people involved in international trade and investment." The site provides "global coverage of legislation and regulations, corporate finance, offshore finance, market analysis, economic analysis, risk management, property, consultancy, and worldwide business news." A professional directory allows users to look up business contacts in their area of interest. The highlight of the site is the 1997 edition of "Europe's Money," published by Consultancy Europe Associates. The book is billed as a guide to the European Union Budget; it explains the European Union budget process. Users must register to access this site; registration and access are free.

1998-01-01

350

Improving Computer Literacy of Business Management Majors: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stakeholders, such as future employers, parents, and educators, have raised their expectations of college graduates in the area of computer literacy. Computer skills and understanding are especially critical for business management graduates, who are expected to use computer technology as a tool in every aspect of their career. Business students…

Johnson, David W.; Bartholomew, Kimberly W.; Miller, Duane

2006-01-01

351

Business process simulation: a fundamental step supporting process centered management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business processes are increasingly recognised as the key to competitive survival. The important opportunities inherent to this invisible economic asset are the foundations of process centred management. Simulation of business processes creates added value in understanding, analysing, and designing processes by introducing dynamic aspects. It provides decision support by anticipation of future changes in process design and improves understanding of

Marc Aguilar; Tankred Rautert; Alexander J. G. Pater

1999-01-01

352

The Four Challenges to Succeeding in a Family Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes four challenges faced by every family-owned day care center: keeping the business from consuming family time; sharing responsibility among family members; involving the next generation; and planning the future of the business. Provides tips based on insights from 18 day care center owners (husbands and wives) on dealing with these…

Neugebauer, Roger

1995-01-01

353

How do banks make money? a variety of business strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the second of two articles, the authors show that the business strategy chosen by a commercial banking company can have a substantial impact on its risk-return profile. Their analysis suggests that a wide variety of business strategies are likely to be financially viable in the future but, echoing concerns of others, they conclude that very small banking companies will

Robert DeYoung; Tara Rice

2004-01-01

354

Context-Enabled Business Intelligence  

SciTech Connect

To truly understand context and apply it in business intelligence, it is vital to understand what context is and how it can be applied in addressing organizational needs. Context describes the facets of the environment that impact the way that end users interact with the system. Context includes aspects of location, chronology, access method, demographics, social influence/ relationships, end-user attitude/ emotional state, behavior/ past behavior, and presence. To be successful in making Business Intelligence content enabled, it is important to be able to capture the context of use user. With advances in technology, there are a number of ways in which this user based information can be gathered and exposed to enhance the overall end user experience.

Troy Hiltbrand

2012-04-01

355

Technology, Methodology, and Business Education. National Business Education Association Yearbook, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 20 papers on the challenges that business educators face in integrating technology into the learning environment. The following papers are included: "Teaching in a Dynamic Technology Environment: An Overview and Introduction" (Ann M. Remp); "Learners and Technology: Experience, Attitudes, and Expectations" (Jim Rucker,…

Remp, Ann M., Ed.

356

Canadian Business Schools: Going out of Business?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Porter's five-forces model (potential entrants, suppliers, buyers, rivalry, substitutes) to analyze competition in Canadian university business schools, the authors conclude that schools are becoming increasingly vulnerable to competitive pressures and that strategic reorientation is necessary. (SK)

Dobni, Dawn; Dobni, Brooke

1996-01-01

357

Business Process Monitoring and Alignment: An Approach Based on the User Requirements Notation and Business Intelligence Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monitoring business activities using Business Intel- ligence (BI) tools is a well-established concept. How- ever, online process monitoring is an emerging area which helps organizations not only plan for future im- provements but also change and alter their current ongoing processes before problems happen. In this paper, we explore how monitoring process perfor- mance can help evolve process goals and

Alireza Pourshahid; Daniel Amyot; Pengfei Chen; Michael Weiss; Alan J. Forster

2007-01-01

358

Openness: The Way to do Business. Press Conference Fact Sheets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three years after announcing the first Openness Initiative, the Department of Energy is announcing new measures to ensure that openness is the way to do business in the future. In addition, the Department is releasing today more newly declassified materia...

1997-01-01

359

Empiricism in business ethics: Suggested research directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers future directions of empirical research in business ethics and presents a series of recommendations. Greater emphasis should be placed on the normative basis of empirical studies, behavior (rather than attitudes) should be established as the key dependent variable, theoretical models of ethical decision making should be tested, and empirical studies need to focus on theory-building. Extensions of

Diana C. Robertson

1993-01-01

360

Evolution of the New Economy Business Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earlier version of this paper is forthcoming in Eric Brousseau and Nicolas Curien, eds., The Economics of the Internet, Cambridge University Press. I am currently elaborating and detailing the arguments made here in a book for the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, tentatively entitled, The New Economy Business Model and Sustainable Prosperity: The Future of High-Tech Employment

William Lazonick

2005-01-01

361

Business Communications in the 1980s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of telecommunications to expedite business communications in the "office of the future" is addressed in this paper. After briefly describing the development of the telephone industry and its response to consumer needs, the paper discusses the importance of information exchange through word processing, electronic mail, teleconferencing,…

MacFarlane, Gordon F.

362

Business strategies and land remote sensing capabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors suggest that land remote sensing in the US is at a critical juncture while the government gives serious study to the direction it will take beyond the privatization of the current Landsats and its investment in Landsat 6. The issues revolve around questions of the relative roles of government and private industry and the attractiveness of future business

P. G. Thome; S. A. Morain

1988-01-01

363

EPA REGION 5 GIS BUSINESS PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The Region 5 GIS Business Plan (Lockheed Martin & Region 5, 1998) was developed to provide a framework for growth and development of the Region's Geographic Information System. The plan provides background on the current and future utilization of GIS in the Region and recommends...

364

Business involvement in science education  

SciTech Connect

Science and math education in grades K through 12 directly affects America`s ability to meet tomorrow`s challenges. If America is to stay competitive in the world, we will need highly qualified scientists and engineers in industry and government and at universities. Jobs of the future will require greater technical and mathematical literacy than jobs of the past. Our goal is both to improve the quality of science education and to encourage more students to pursue science careers. General Atomics, a privately held research and development company, has joined the growing list of businesses that are committed to helping educators prepare students to meet these challenges.

Winter, P. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)

1995-12-31

365

On-the-Fly Auditing of Business Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information systems supporting business processes are usually very complex. If we have to ensure that certain business rules are enforced in a business process, it is often easier to design a separate system, called a monitor, that collects the events of the business processes and verifies whether the rules are satisfied or not. This requires a business rule language (BRL) that allows to verify business rules over finite histories. We introduce such a BRL and show that it can express many common types of business rules. We introduce two interesting properties of BRL formulas: the future stability and the past stability. The monitor should be able to verify the business rules over the complete history, which is increasing over time. Therefore we consider abstractions of the history. Actually we generate from a set of business rules a labeled transition system (with countable state space) that can be executed by the monitor if each relevant event of the business process triggers a step in the labeled transition system. As long as the monitor is able to execute a step, the business rules are not violated. We show that for a sublanguage of BRL, we can transform the labeled transition system into a colored Petri net such that verification becomes independent of the history length.

van Hee, Kees; Hidders, Jan; Houben, Geert-Jan; Paredaens, Jan; Thiran, Philippe

366

Complaint resolution management expectations in an asymmetric business-to-business context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to gain a deeper understanding of the attributes of effective complaint management in business-to-business relationships, and to reveal the underlying benefits that buying organizations are looking for when complaining. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A semi-standardized qualitative technique called laddering was applied successfully to an online environment with 22 representatives of companies in the manufacturing

Thorsten Gruber; Stephan C. Henneberg; Bahar Ashnai; Peter Naudé; Alexander Reppel

2010-01-01

367

Who owns the long term? Perspectives from global business leaders.  

PubMed

Day-to-day management is challenging enough for CEOs. How do they manage for the long term as well? We posed that question to four top executives of global companies. According to Maurice Levy, chairman and CEO of Publicis Groupe, building the future is really about building the present and keeping close to the front line--those who deal with your customers and markets. He also attributes his company's success in large part to knowing when to take action: In a market where clients' needs steer your long-term future, timing is everything. UPS Chairman and CEO Mike Eskew emphasizes staying true to your vision and values over the long run, despite meeting obstacles along the way. It took more than 20 years, and many lessons learned, to produce consistent profits in what is today the company's fastest-growing and most profitable business: international small packages. Wulf H. Bernotat, CEO of E.ON, examines the challenges facing business leaders and politicians as they try to balance energy needs against potential environmental damage. He calls for educating people about consumption and waste, and he maintains that a diverse and reliable mix of energy sources is the only way to ensure a secure supply while protecting our environment. Finally, Marianne Barner, the director of corporate communications and ombudsman for children's issues at IKEA, discusses how the company is taking steps to improve the environment and be otherwise socially responsible. For example, it's partnering with NGOs to address child labor issues and, on its own, is working to help mitigate climate change. IKEA's goals include using renewable sources for 100% of its energy needs and cutting its overall energy consumption by 25%. PMID:17642126

Lévy, Maurice; Eskew, Mike; Bernotat, Wulf H; Barner, Marianne

2007-01-01

368

Small Business Administration: Managing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world of business can be a difficult one, particularly for those entering the business world as owners or managers of a small business. Fortunately, there are a number of resources online that can ease this transition. The United States Small Business Administration has created this resource that is designed to give business owners a basic overview of how to manage, market, and lead their business. The site is divided into several discrete sections, including "Management for Growth", "Leadership" and "Marketing & Sales". Within each section, visitors can read essays that address such topics as the management of employees, buying a franchise, equity financing, and strategic planning. One of the highlights here is a free online growth strategies course. The site is rounded out by an area that provides information about some of the Administration's special initiatives designed to help women, minorities, and veterans.

369

Keystone Indian/Business Roundtable. Phase 1. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the Keystone Indian/Business Roundtable has been to bring together tribal and industry leaders in the Keystone environment to discuss ways to enhance business development on Indian lands for the benefit of both groups. The report deals with th...

1985-01-01

370

Business continuity planning as a facilities management tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inevitability of crises within the business environment suggests that the majority of organisations should have a business continuity plan (BCP). This work highlights those organisations that do not plan in this way and those which focus on information technology rather than utilising a holistic, integrated approach. Through extensive primary research this paper explores the current uptake and scope of

Michael Pitt; Sonia Goyal

2004-01-01

371

QUARTERLY ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS REPORT PIETERMARITZBURG and UMGUNGUNDLOVU DISTRICT  

Microsoft Academic Search

There was (and still is) a lot of speculation about the current performance and structure of the Pietermaritzburg and uMgungundlovu District economy and business environment. The debate is mainly driven by haphazard observations and subjective feelings, thus hampering effective and efficient decision-making and the allocation of scare resources. The need for relevant data prompted the School of Business (University of

Clive Coetzee

2005-01-01

372

Cheating the Business Template: Filling in the Blanks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business professionals often use standard templates when composing documents, and teachers of business writing direct students to textbook examples to use as sample formats. Good instructors do want to provide their students with informative examples of what is expected, especially in an online course environment where students cannot raise their…

Mechenbier, Mahli Xuan

2011-01-01

373

A Decentralized Services Choreography Approach for Business Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In e-service environment, enterprises need to collaborate to achieve a common business goal in loose-coupling manner. Therefore, it is of great necessity to develop a service interoperation technique that is capable of handling the collaboration among distributed business processes. The Web services architecture defines separate specifications for the choreography and orchestration of Web services. This paper proposes a service choreography

Xiaoqiang Qiao; Jun Wei

2006-01-01

374

Business Teachers Go to Work and Students Get the Dividends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher internships give business education teachers the opportunity to increase their industry skill proficiency levels. Such experiences can help business education teachers focus on developing relevant technical knowledge and skills to better prepare students for technically enhanced work environments and demonstrate competency on technical…

Stephens, Geralyn E.

2010-01-01

375

A Survey of Formal Verification for Business Process Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information systems have to respond well to the changing business environment. Thus, they must have architecture which withstands the change. To design such systems, business process modeling is effective, however, the models include often abstractness and arbitrariness. Therefore, there have been efforts that validate rigorousness of the models. They have defined semantics of the models and applied various logics and

Shoichi Morimoto

2008-01-01

376

Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of today's increasingly complex business environment, decision makers in business need to use a process that takes into account and balances various forces--economic goals, personal values, and explicit values of the corporation. A process model provides a systematic method for ethical decision making. (Author/JOW)

Kirrane, Diane E.

1990-01-01

377

An active functionality service for e-business applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service based architectures are a powerful approach to meet the fast evolution of business rules and the corresponding software. An active functionality service that detects events and involves the appropriate business rules is a critical component of such a service-based middleware architecture. In this paper we present an active functionality service that is capable of detecting events in heterogeneous environments,

Mariano Cilia; Alejandro P. Buchmann

2002-01-01

378

Correlation in business networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper considers business networks. Through empirical study, we show that business networks display characteristics of small-world networks and scale-free networks. In this paper, we characterize firms as sales and bankruptcy probabilities. A correlation between sales and a correlation between bankruptcy probabilities in business networks are also considered. The results reveal that the correlation between sales depends strongly on the type of network, whereas the correlation between bankruptcy probabilities does so only weakly.

Souma, Wataru; Aoyama, Hideaki; Fujiwara, Yoshi; Ikeda, Yuichi; Iyetomi, Hiroshi; Kaizoji, Taisei

2006-10-01

379

Exploring business ethics research in the context of international business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to examine the scope, level and content of business ethics research in three leading international business (IB) journals: Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS), Journal of World Business (JWB) and Management International Review (MIR). A subsequent examination of comparable themes published in the Journal of Business Ethics (JBE) is performed to establish

Christopher J. Robertson; Nicholas Athanassiou

2009-01-01

380

The Impact of Business Strategies and Business Conditions on Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper focuses on the ,factors that drive innovation activity by businesses. A survey ,of over 200 businesses in the Queensland road and bridge industry was undertaken in 2002 and respondents,were asked to rate ,the importance of key ,elements of business strategy to business success and to identify key elements of their business conditions. The results were then correlated

Karen Manley; Stephen McFallan

2005-01-01

381

Cheating by Economics and Business Undergraduate Students: An Exploratory International Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's economics and business students are expected to be our future business people and potentially the economic leaders and politicians of tomorrow. Thus, their beliefs and practices are liable to affect the definition of acceptable economics and business ethics. The empirical evaluation of the phenomenon of cheating in academia has almost…

Teixeira, Aurora A. C.; Rocha, Maria Fatima

2010-01-01

382

The Impact of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 on the Business and Accounting Curriculums  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business and accounting curriculums are designed to educate and train future business professionals and leaders. When Congress passed SOX in 2002, it dramatically impacted the responsibilities of corporate executives and CPAs and consequently required corresponding changes in the business schools prepare students to assume these roles. Because the…

Reed, Ronald O.; Bullock, Charles; Johnson, Gene; Iyer, Vish

2007-01-01

383

Nonprofit Education: Course Offerings and Perceptions in Accredited U.S. Business Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the continuing need for professional nonprofit managers, a trend toward more businesslike models for administrating nonprofits seems likely. However, the level of business school involvement in the education of future nonprofit managers is largely unknown. Given direction from the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB; the premier accreditation body for U.S. business schools) for an education that

Sandra Mottner; Walter Wymer

2011-01-01

384

A sound foundation? What we know about the impact of environments on learning and the implications for Building Schools for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a literature review conducted in the UK for the Design Council and CfBT (Higgins et al., 2005) which looked at the evidence of the impact of environments on learning in schools. We have reviewed the available evidence regarding different facets of the physical environment and provided an analysis based on different areas of effect, including the

Pamela Woolner; Elaine Hall; Steve Higgins; Caroline McCaughey; Kate Wall

2007-01-01

385

Forbes Small Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Forbes_ magazine presents this online version of its new Entrepreneurs section. It includes relevant articles from the magazine, access to searchable and browseable databases of the 200 Best Small Companies in America, a small business forum, and archives of articles from the magazine's Up & Comers and Starting Your Own Business sections. Though much of this content has long been available on the main Forbes site, the Small Business Center, by making this information accessible from one centralized location, as well as providing the new magazine section, should be useful for those interested or involved in small business.

2001-01-01

386

Business a.m.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For Scottish business news and information, look no farther than Business a.m., a new daily online newspaper. The first national daily newspaper in Scotland in over 100 years, Business a.m. promises to "combine high quality news, analysis, and commentary on business, politics, law, media, accountancy, commercial property, leisure, and new technology." The Website seems to still be in stages of development and is somewhat lacking in content. It does, however, include articles from the print version of this newspaper, daily market reports, and columns and opinion pieces.

387

Business Process Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Business process management is one of the core drivers of business innovation and is based on strategic technology and capable of creating and successfully executing end-to-end business processes. The trend will be to move from relatively stable, organization-specific applications to more dynamic, high-value ones where business process interactions and trends are examined closely to understand more accurately an application's requirements. Such collaborative, complex end-to-end service interactions give rise to the concept of Service Networks (SNs).

Hantry, Francois; Papazoglou, Mike; van den Heuvel, Willem-Jan; Haque, Rafique; Whelan, Eoin; Carroll, Noel; Karastoyanova, Dimka; Leymann, Frank; Nikolaou, Christos; Lammersdorf, Winfried; Hacid, Mohand-Said

388

Creating Renaissance Employees in an Era of Convergence between Information Technology and Business Strategy: A Proposal for Business Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The electronic commerce environment requires cross-functional managers who understand both information technology (IT) and business strategy. Disciplinary boundaries restrict the flexibility of business schools to provide cross-functional education and training. Schools must integrate IT with other disciplines. (SK)

Celsi, Richard; Wolfinbarger, Mary

2001-01-01

389

A First Life with Computerized Business Simulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the theoretical lens, origins, and environment of his work on computerized business simulations. Key ideas that inform his work include the two dimensions (control and interaction) of computerized simulation, the two ways of representing a natural process (phenotypical and genotypical) in a simulation, which he defines as a…

Thavikulwat, Precha

2011-01-01

390

Determinants of business sustainability: An ergonomics perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need to integrate both macro- and micro-ergonomic approaches for the effective implementation of interventions designed to improve the root causes of problems such as work safety, quality and productivity in the enterprise system. The objective of this study was to explore from an ergonomics perspective the concept of business sustainability through optimising the worker–work environment interface. The

Ash M. Genaidy; Reynold Sequeira; Magda M. Rinder; Amal D. A-Rehim

2009-01-01

391

Business Intelligence analytics without conventional data warehousing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of a Business Intelligence (BI) solution in an environment where traditional barriers prohibit incorporating analytics in operational and strategic decision making remains challenging. The solution must overcome a very tight budget, severe restrictions on data access due to security concerns, and a tradition of using conventional legacy tools for primary reporting. We propose a method that minimizes both

W. Haque; B. Demerchant

2010-01-01

392

Structural analysis of a business enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the concept of structural analysis of a business enterprise. It is a simple notion of showing the user different (but related) views of an enterprise: who does what, where and how. Utilizing an approach similar to on-line analytical processing (OLAP), structural analysis provides an interactive, analytical environment for a user to view the different entities in an enterprise

Ying Tat Leung; Jesse Bockstedt

2008-01-01

393

Agent-Based Business Process Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes work undertaken in the ADEPT (Advanced Decision Environment for Proc- ess Tasks) project towards developing an agent-based infrastructure for managing b usiness proc- esses. We describe how the key technology of negotiating, service providing, autonomous agents was realised and demonstrate how this was applied to the BT (British Telecom) business process of providing a customer quote for

Nicholas R. Jennings; Peyman Faratin; M. J. Johnson; Timothy J. Norman; P. O'brien; M. E. Wiegand

1996-01-01

394

Gendered Discourse about Family Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language patterns of family business owners were explored by identifying discourse styles and emphasized ideas in four presenting contexts: business, family, intersection of family and business, and business success. The content analysis supports the existence of a general discourse style within family businesses and of similarities and…

Danes, Sharon M.; Haberman, Heather R.; McTavish, Donald

2005-01-01

395

Entrepreneurship: The Art of Keeping Businesses in Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the factors that affect the success of new businesses, what aspiring entrepreneurs must understand, the relationship between entrepreneurship and basic business, the effectiveness of experiential learning, and how to integrate entrepreneurship into business classes. (JOW)

Glenn, Joanne Lozar

2003-01-01

396

MagPortal: Magazine Articles on Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MagPortal has compiled this online collection of business articles on a variety of subjects. The sixteen subcategories include Diversity, Future Trends, Industries, Small Business, and Strategies and Management. The articles are current to the month and annotated, including date of article, author, title, and a brief description. Small yellow and orange icons allow users to mark articles and to retrieve related articles in other categories. Clicking on the article title takes users to the original publication. Articles from previous months may be accessed through the MagPortal archive linked at the bottom of each section.

397

Global business beyond modernity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper sets out to provide global business managers and researchers with perspectives, concepts, and some tools to deal with emergent late modern conditions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Analytical discourse is employed to outline the post-enlightenment rise of modernity and rational economics. The paper critiques the nature of business institutions and practices under modernity, and points to the new conditions

Nikhilesh Dholakia; A. Fuat F?rat

2006-01-01

398

New Business Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses ways in which the states and the federal government can promote the continued development of new business. Carey identifies three reforms in which states could institute that would improve the business climate: taxes, development finance initiatives and regulatory reform. He discusses how current tax policies discourage risk taking behavior and suggests that any tax cut should aim

Hugh L. Carey

1981-01-01

399

Survey of Current Business.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In addition to the 2,500 statistical series, the August issue contains a roundup of the business situation, national income and product tables, public and private debt, 1965-75, fixed nonresidential business and residential capital in the United States, 1...

1976-01-01

400

Semantic Business Process Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of formal semantics for the support of Business Process Man- agement is an emerging branch of research, with substantial economic potential. In particular, business processes modelled in graphical notations such as BPMN can be semantically annotated to specify more precisely what the individual tasks in the process will be responsible for. This raises the need for, and opens

Ingo Weber; Jan Mendling

401

Business and Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Geological Survey defines Business and Economics as the activities and processes associated with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. This page provides links to publications and other relevant resources produced by the USGS on the topic of Business and Economics.

Survey, Us G.

402

Building Tomorrow's Business Today  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modern automobile maintenance, like most skilled-trades jobs, is more than simple nuts and bolts. Today, skilled-trades jobs might mean hydraulics, computerized monitoring equipment, electronic blueprints, even lasers. As chief executive officer of Grainger, a business-to-business maintenance, repair, and operating supplies company that…

Ryan, Jim

2010-01-01

403

The Business Letter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Grades 9-12. SUBJECT MATTER: Business. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: This guide, designed for direct student use, indicates the parts of a business letter, a placement guide, and steps for typing letters. Worksheets and illustrations indicate forms of block and indented styles; open, closed, and mixed punctuation; the…

Nederland Independent School District, TX.

404

School Business Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook reviews the principal concerns within each of 13 major responsibility areas in school business administration. The first chapter assesses the political, social, and economic context in which schools function and school administrators work. The role and function of the school business administrator within this context is addressed in…

Jordan, K. Forbis; And Others

405

Cybercrime against Businesses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Among 198 businesses responding to a 2001 pilot survey, 74% reported being a victim of cybercrime. Other findings on the 198 businesses included the following: nearly two-thirds had been victimized by a computer virus at least once; a quarter had experien...

2004-01-01

406

A Business Plan Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document identifies the information that should be included in a business plan, and in what order, to make it an effective management tool and an effective tool to communicate a proposed or existing company's strengths and potential to potential financiers. Following an introduction, the document explains the following sections of a business

Kirchner, Charles, Ed.

407

A Bilingual Business Major?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foreign language skills are necessary not only in international commerce but also in domestic business with the growing Hispanic American population. Many Hispanics have only minimal English skills and prefer to do business in Spanish and use Spanish language media. Because Hispanic Americans account for a significant portion of the consumer…

Barger-Merino, Kathleen A.

408

Business Communication in BELF  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors' business communication perspective is not in fact that of ESL but rather English as a foreign language (EFL) or, even more so, English as a lingua franca (ELF). To be more specific, they would like to add one more acronym to the list: They teach BELF, by which they refer to ELF for business communication purposes. The authors work as…

Kankaanranta, Anne; Louhiala-Salminen, Leena

2007-01-01

409

Semantic Business Process Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current Business Process Management technologies cover all the process life-cycle but still suffer from many limitations with respect to their complexity, maintainability and degree of automation. Recent research initiatives aim at overcoming these limitations by introducing Semantic technologies in the process life-cycle. One of the steps that can benefit from this approach is the Business Process Analysis, that focuses on

Irene Celino; Ana Karla Alves De Medeiros; Gernot Zeissler; Michael Oppitz; Federico Michele Facca; Stefan Zoeller

2007-01-01

410

Accelerating business analytics applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business text analytics applications have seen rapid growth, driven by the mining of data for various decision making processes. Regular expression processing is an important component of these applications, consuming as much as 50% of their total execution time. While prior work on accelerating regular expression processing has focused on Network Intrusion Detection Systems, business analytics applications impose different requirements

Valentina Salapura; Tejas Karkhanis; Priya Nagpurkar; Jose Moreira

2012-01-01

411

Business and Older Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study updates a 1985 study which examined the perceptions, policies, and practices of American business regarding older workers, and placed them in the context of larger economic, demographic, and social trends shaping the business climate. The new survey was conducted in July 1989 among a random sample of 400 companies, with 100 each in 4…

American Association of Retired Persons, Washington, DC.

412

Agriculture Business and Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is intended for vocational agriculture teachers who deliver agricultural business and management programs at the secondary or postsecondary level. It is based on the Arizona validated occupational competencies and tasks for management and supervisory positions in agricultural business. The competency/skill and task list…

Seperich, George; And Others

413

Perspective of the Future Semiconductor Industry: Challenges and Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The semiconductor industry currently faces serious challenges and changes on both the business and technology fronts. The business environment is becoming more difficult. The huge investment required for new fabrication facilities is forcing many IDMs (Integrated Device Manufacturers) to change their business model to either fablite or fabless. The significant costs to develop the next generation process technologies are necessitating

Oh-hyun Kwon

2007-01-01

414

The Institute For the Future: Predicting Future Trends in Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for the Future is a non-profit research group "identifying emerging trends and discontinuities that will transform the global marketplace in five key areas: Consumers,Technology, Health and Health Care, and Workplace." Although the reports and member services are geared towards businesses seeking strategic planning advice, their reports on emerging trends are available online and may be of interest to anyone curious about the future directions of technology.

415

Business size distributions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a recent work, we introduced two models for the dynamics of customers trying to find the business that best corresponds to their expectation for the price of a commodity. In agreement with the empirical data, a power-law distribution for the business sizes was obtained, taking the number of customers of a business as a proxy for its size. Here, we extend one of our previous models in two different ways. First, we introduce a business aggregation rate that is fitness dependent, which allows us to reproduce a spread in empirical data from one country to another. Second, we allow the bankruptcy rate to take a different functional form, to be able to obtain a log-normal distribution with power-law tails for the size of the businesses.

D'Hulst, R.; Rodgers, G. J.

2001-10-01

416

Small Business Video Seminar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Starting a small business can certainly be a risky proposition, but with a little assistance from those who have embarked on such an entrepreneurial venture in the past, the whole process can be made a bit smoother. The New York Public Library has teamed up with the Partnership for New York City to create this collection of "how-to" seminars and podcasts. While the sessions relate to doing business in New York specifically, much of the material and suggestions could apply to persons interested in starting a business just about anywhere in the United States. Currently there are eleven broadcasts available, and they include such presentations as "How to Start a Fashion Line in Today's Market", "Legal Strategies for Small Businesses" and "A Quick Guide to Building a Successful Export Business".

2007-03-08

417

Needed Research in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the recommendations of seven business educators and administrators, suggestions for needed research are given in the categories of business education, administration, curriculum, teacher education, teaching methods, international business, and political implications. (SK)

Scriven, Jolene D.

1991-01-01

418

Small Business Advocate (1994 Set).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The set contains the 1994 issues of The Small Business Advocate, a monthly newsletter that details economics developments and regulatory trends related to small business as well as the latest initiatives of the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) Offi...

1994-01-01

419

Study on the objectives of supply chain management in E-business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supply chain management (SCM) in today's global environment, especially the E-business is important to create significant competition advantages to firms and business partners worldwide. Since the objectives and goals are essential factors in the study of supply chain management in the E-business. The purpose of this research paper is to present the research question, review the conceptual framework, ERP and

Liu Dawei

2007-01-01

420

The use of the Internet for business: the experience of early adopters in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on business firms in Singapore, identifying the industries in which the Internet is being used for business. These firms are early adopters in the local environment where use of the Internet for business is a new phenomenon still, and they provide information about their Internet experience in terms of their use, perceptions, and the problems encountered. Finds that companies

Christina Soh; Quee Yong Mah; Fong Jek Gan; Daniel Chew; Edna Reid

1997-01-01

421

Quantitative Literacy for Undergraduate Business Students in the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current business environment is awash in vast amounts of data that ongoing transactions continually generate. Leading-edge corporations are using business analytics to achieve competitive advantage. However, educators are not adequately preparing business school students in quantitative methods to meet this challenge. For more than half a…

McClure, Richard; Sircar, Sumit

2008-01-01

422

Construction of web-based business information service system in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of the Internet brings new vitality to business information service. Traditional business information service system can no longer adapt to this new environment. Therefore, on the basis of analysis of the main bodies, information resources and their relations of the business information service system, this paper then discusses its operating mechanism, finally describes three typical practical applications - agricultural

Gan Chunmei; Wang Weijun

2011-01-01

423

Techno-Economic Analysis of the Open Broadband Access Network Wholesale Business Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a business scenario is considered whereby a wholesaler deploys and manages needed residential equipment for public wireless cells. Connectivity is then sold to retailers of public wireless broadband services. This business model allows the costs of the residential wireless infrastructure serving the public environment to be shared among several parties. The relevant business model is specified and

J. C. Francis

2007-01-01

424

Developing an Undergraduate International Business Program: Context, Rationale, Process and Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the recent development of a new undergraduate international business program at the University of Otago in New Zealand. Firstly, it describes the context of the initiative in terms of the New Zealand business environment, the university sector in New Zealand and recent global trends in international business education.…

Bell, Jim; Gray, Brendan; McNaughton, Rod

2003-01-01

425

A Comparative Analysis of Curriculum in International Marketing and Business between Peruvian and Guatemalan University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business education is important for economic development. A skilled workforce allows for greater advancements in productivity, the creation of new business opportunities, increased employment, and enhances the quality of life of the citizenry. With the changing international business environment it is important for academics and practitioners…

Pestonjee, Daanish D.; Spillan, John E.; Song, Hongwei; Virzi, Nicholas D.

2010-01-01

426

Swarm intelligence. A whole new way to think about business.  

PubMed

What do ants and bees have to do with business? A great deal, it turns out. Individually, social insects are only minimally intelligent, and their work together is largely self-organized and unsupervised. Yet collectively they're capable of finding highly efficient solutions to difficult problems and can adapt automatically to changing environments. Over the past 20 years, the authors and other researchers have developed rigorous mathematical models to describe this phenomenon, which has been dubbed "swarm intelligence," and they are now applying them to business. Their research has already helped several companies develop more efficient ways to schedule factory equipment, divide tasks among workers, organize people, and even plot strategy. Emulating the way ants find the shortest path to a new food supply, for example, has led researchers at Hewlett-Packard to develop software programs that can find the most efficient way to route phone traffic over a telecommunications network. South-west Airlines has used a similar model to efficiently route cargo. To allocate labor, honeybees appear to follow one simple but powerful rule--they seem to specialize in a particular activity unless they perceive an important need to perform another function. Using that model, researchers at Northwestern University have devised a system for painting trucks that can automatically adapt to changing conditions. In the future, the authors speculate, a company might structure its entire business using the principles of swarm intelligence. The result, they believe, would be the ultimate self-organizing enterprise--one that could adapt quickly and instinctively to fast-changing markets. PMID:11345907

Bonabeau, E; Meyer, C

2001-05-01

427

The Relationships among Students' Future-Oriented Goals and Subgoals, Perceived Task Instrumentality, and Task-Oriented Self-Regulation Strategies in an Academic Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors performed path analysis, followed by a bootstrap procedure, to test the predictions of a model explaining the relationships among students' distal future goals (both extrinsic and intrinsic), their adoption of a middle-range subgoal, their perceptions of task instrumentality, and their proximal task-oriented self-regulation strategies.…

Tabachnick, Sharon E.; Miller, Raymond B.; Relyea, George E.

2008-01-01

428

Pilot study comparing market orientation culture of businesses and schools of business.  

PubMed

A market orientation culture has been described as one that blends an organization's commitment to customer value with a process of continuously creating superior value for customers. Developing such a culture is further described as (1) obtaining information about customers, competitors, and markets, (2) examining the gathered information from a total organizational perspective, (3) deciding how to deliver superior customer value, and (4) implementing actions to provide value to customers. A market orientation culture focuses on the customer, identifies issues in the competitive environment, and coordinates all functional areas to achieve organizational objectives. Research has found businesses with higher market orientation are more successful in achieving organizational objectives. The measurement of market orientation within businesses has been empirically tested and validated. However, empirical research on market orientation in nonprofit organizations such as universities has not been examined. This study investigated market orientation within the university setting, specifically Schools of Business Administration, and compared these data with previously published data within the business sector. Data for comparative purposes were collected via a national survey. Hypothesis testing was conducted. Results indicated significantly lower market orientation culture within the schools of business as reported by AACSB Business School Deans vis-à-vis managers of business enterprises. PMID:14563058

Harmon, Harry A; Webster, Robert L; Hammond, Kevin L

2003-08-01

429

77 FR 28237 - Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2011, to amend the 8(a) Business Development (BD) program...affecting Small Disadvantaged Businesses (SDBs). That rule was published...Associate Administrator, Office of Business Development, at (202) 205-5852...or LeAnn.Delaney@sba.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY...

2012-05-14

430

Smartgrid for future green society  

Microsoft Academic Search

To reduce the CO2 emission, to save the energy, and to reduce fossil fuel usage are critical requirements for future green society. Smartgrid is one of technology to realize these matters. Semiconductor technology is also very important measures to contribute these Smartgrid products. Prospects of Smartgrid and the impacts to semiconductor business will be presented as a keynote speech.

T. Yokota

2010-01-01

431

The Enterprise of the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last year, IBM Corporation conducted a study to determine what the successful enterprise of the future would look like. Its research was based on surveys of 1,130 CEOs, general managers, and senior public sector and business leaders from around the world. A few college and university presidents also were asked to participate. After 30 years as a…

Murray, Dennis J.

2009-01-01

432

The Future Problem Solving Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Future Problem Solving Program, in which students from the U.S. and around the world are tackling some complex challenges facing society, ranging from acid rain to terrorism. The program uses a creative problem solving process developed for business and industry. A sixth-grade toxic waste cleanup project illustrates the process.…

Crabbe, Anne B.

1989-01-01

433

Mathematics for Business Decisions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Richard B. Thompson and Christopher G. Lamoureux at the University of Arizona to fulfill business students' finite math and calculus requirement, this page presents two courses, Business Math I and II. The Course Description section for each class allows users to access course files (syllabus, policies, objectives, etc.), study guides, and homework solutions. Business Math I even has some sample computer quizzes for visitors to download. This would be a helpful resource for educators to add to their own activities or syllabi for any calculus or finite math course as it presents students with practical applications of mathematics concepts.

Lamoureux, Christopher G.; Thompson, Richard B.

2008-04-08

434

BusinessWeek Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Business Week_, published by the McGraw Hill Companies, has recently made its web debut. The site is highlighted by the full text of articles from the print magazine. Also included are a selected browsable archive back to late 1995; a daily briefing section (frames based), with concise summaries of news and market information including performance information on new IPOs (initial public offerings); BW Plus, with topical information on such issues as the best business schools, mutual funds, and women in business; a computer buying guide; and an interactive portfolio manager. A complete five-year searchable archive (fee based) will soon be available.

1995-01-01

435

Towards a Method for Realizing Sustained Competitive Advantage through Business Entity Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Enterprises that succeed in today’s highly dynamic business environment often enjoy Sustained Competitive Advantage (SCA)\\u000a as defined by Barney. While recent strategy literature focuses on exploring various sources of SCA, in this paper, we present\\u000a an operational method for realizing SCA through Business Entity analysis. Business entity-centric modeling has been a successful\\u000a approach in rethinking and revolutionizing business operations, in

Matteo Della Bordella; Rong Liu; Aurelio Ravarini; Frederick Y. Wu; Anil Nigam

436

Group practice--trend for the future.  

PubMed

Group practices in various forms and combinations appear to set the trend for small animal practice management. By pooling their financial resources, energies, and talents, veterinarians can share the burden of increasing overhead costs and enjoy the benefits of specialization, new technologies, continuing education, consultations and referrals, peer review, applied research and publication, and fringe benefits such as paid vacation and sick leave, profit sharing, and pension. Group practices preserve ownership continuity at fair market value and afford opportunities for the utilization of expert business consultants. There are prerequisites to establishing a successful group practice: An adequate personal income base, a sufficient pet population, and business associates with compatible practice philosophy. Special considerations must be given to the social, economic, and psychological forces at work in a group practice environment. Professional and personal interactions can make or break a group practice. The group concept, MIP treatment of clients and their pets, and personalized appointments are important features which must be emphasized. The law of supply and demand and the law of diminishing returns must be kept in focus at all times. In tandem, they dictate the fortunes of all business enterprises and group practices can be particularly vulnerable to them. Long-term business commitment is a condition of group practice ownership and may pose a conflict with other interests. A predetermined buy-sell agreement and deferred compensation plan may provide the answer in case of dissolution, termination, or early retirement. A system of animal and material transport and transfer of business transactions and medical records must be set up between satellite clinics and the base hospital. A hospital-owned-and-operated shuttle service appears to offer the greatest flexibility and convenience. Cost-effectiveness of a shuttle service depends on the volume of referral cases generated for the base hospital. Computers may provide the answer to rapid and reliable transfer of data between satellite clinics and central or base hospitals in the near future. New approaches to small animal medicine and practice management must be explored and adopted. Prepaid pet medical insurance seems to be the answer to rapidly growing sophistication and escalating cost of small animal patient care. Human and companion animal interactions have been given a fresh impetus by veterinary educators, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, humane societies, organizations for the mentally and physically handicapped, gerontologic centers, and others.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:6609479

Furumoto, H H

1983-11-01

437

The regulatory environment past and future--incentive or impediment to developments in food science and technology: a perspective from FDA.  

PubMed

The best system for protecting public health is one that involves two layers of control before food reaches the consumer. The first layer of control is the industry's clear responsibility to prepare food that is safe. The second layer of control is the monitoring that is provided by government to ensure that the industry is doing its job and is in fact producing safe food. While some may view this "second layer" as an impediment in the development and marketing of new technologies, there is another way to look at the "regulatory environment". The regulatory environment itself, is not an impediment to the development of food science and technology. The regulatory environment, with all its components--scientists, consumers, industry, and Congress--defines "safety" within the context of today's technology, scientific capability, and tolerance level of the lay public. The entire regulatory environment serves to guide the development of food science and technology by providing signposts, in the form of scientifically sound regulatory decisions. The scientific basis of these decisions becomes building blocks on which to rest further refinement of the technology, product, ingredient, or packaging material or on which research in related technologies or research in innovative directions can build. This scientific groundwork becomes very important as more and more companies move away from having self-contained research laboratories toward using commercial laboratories and academic institutions, as well as participating in cooperative research endeavors to meet food safety and product development research needs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8011145

Shank, F R; Carson, K

1994-01-01

438

Increasing applied business ethics courses in business school curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business schools have a responsibility to incorporate applied business ethics courses as part of their undergraduate and MBA curriculum. The purpose of this article is to take a background and historical look at reasons for the new emphasis on ethical coursework in business schools. The article suggests a prescription for undergraduate and graduate education in applied business ethics and explores

Ronald R. Sims; Serbrenia J. Sims

1991-01-01

439

Collaboration Between Humanities and Business in the Business French Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the evolution of a successful collaboration between Humanities and Business at the College of Charleston in developing a Business French course that gives credit in both business and in French. The course fosters interdependence and cooperation among business and French majors. (Author/JL)

Uwah, Godwin Okebaram; Nelson, Paul

1998-01-01

440

Effective Business Letters, Business Education: 5128.41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course is designed to review business letter parts, placement, and punctuation and to study the qualities of effective business letters; application in the composition of business letters; remittance, order, acknowledgment, general response, claim and adjustment, credit and collection, sales, employment, public relations, and social-business

Ely, Juanita

441

The 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges to Business Education. National Business Education Association Yearbook, No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This yearbook examines six themes representative of the challenges to future business educators. "The Future We Create" (Arthur McEntee) discusses them: a thinking curriculum, opportunities for real-world learning, matching teaching and learning styles, teachers as knowledge facilitators, technology as a learning tool, and global thinking for a…

Villee, Pat A. Gallo, Ed.; Curran, Michael G., Ed.

442

Strategising for the future Indian EO programme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Indian Earth Observations Program, over the past three decades, has been mainly driven by the national need of natural resources management, infrastructure development, environment monitoring and disaster management support. With an array of seven Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS), national development support has been supported, through a well-knit institutional framework of a National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS), a wide variety of applications developed as an inter-agency effort over the past 20 years. Now, the capacity of the programme has been extended into the global arena and IRS is providing operational data services to the global user community. The future Earth Observation Systems will have to take into consideration the aspects related to the commercialisation and standardisation of programmes world-over; transitioning into a business environment; data continuity and the need to monitor processes rather than events. Technological changes are also going to re-define many of the concepts of observation from space and issues like spatial resolution, spectral resolution and temporal resolution may no more be a concern for observation systems. ISRO is presently defining a strategy for the Indian EO Programme that will chart the progress with a vision for the next 25 years. Based on a thorough analysis, the observation needs of the future are planned and presently systems design and implementation are underway. The Need Analysis has been done keeping in mind the Global change applications; Mapping and Cartographic applications; Natural Resources and Environmental management applications etc. Issues related to defining the space and data acquisition as a national "public good", costing of data products and services and evolving a commercial remote sensing policy have been addressed for providing the overall thrust of the Indian Earth Observations program. The paper discusses the strategy adopted for assessing the future user requirements and also for defining the future Indian missions - which are applications specific solutions. The paper discusses the evolution of the strategy, in the early stages now, and its transition to support a two-pronged strategy of supporting national development and, at the same time, developing a commercial business enterprise. The need to generate newer user segments and develop newer services and products has been recognised from the utilisation point of view. The impact on utilisation accruing from these proposed missions has also been assessed and is discussed in the paper.

Rao, Mukund; Jayaraman, V.; Kalyanraman, S.; Joseph, George; Navalgund, R. R.; Kasturirangan, K.

2002-07-01

443

Business Reengineering - Government Viability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the past decade, US businesses have regained their preeminence within the world economy through reengineering process improvements. Corporations have outsourced, downsized, improved logistic ordering and delivery methods, moved decision making down, an...

G. K. Coyner

2000-01-01

444

Managing a pessary business.  

PubMed

In this final article in a series of three, components of pessary fitting, provision, and follow up are reviewed from a business perspective related to supplies, patient flow, billing, and coding. PMID:22860392

O'Dell, Katharine; Wooldridge, Leslie Saltzstein; Atnip, Shanna

2012-01-01

445

Incident Business Advisor Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the past several years some agency administrators have requested a Comptroller to assist in the coordination of Incident Business Management Practices. The use of a Comptroller has been both successful and unsuccessful. Lack of success occurred mos...

1999-01-01

446

Fishing Business Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The leaflet is a collection of five articles on fishing business management: (1) Maximizing Your After-Tax Income, (2) Understanding Your Financial Strengths and Weaknesses, (3) Analyzing Your Return to Investment and Your Time, (4) Increasing the Accurac...

F. J. Smith

1975-01-01

447

Business Concerns about Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four representatives of corporate interests consider the difficulties posed for the nation by the inadequate education being provided in the schools and discuss how business and education can cooperate to improve the quality of education. (PGD)

Katz, Eve; And Others

1983-01-01

448

Small Business Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: General Information; Services for Small Business; Letter of Interest Application; Working Capital Guarantee Application; Working Capital Guarantee Program Information; Working Capital Guarantee Program Instructions; Addendum to the Work...

1997-01-01

449

Doing Business in Taiwan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This general guide highlights some of the areas that investors should be aware of when doing business in Taiwan, although professional advice may be required in specific circumstances. Below are a few competitive advantages for investors conducting their ...

2013-01-01

450

Business Case for Connectivity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information systems that provide competitive advantages to organizations can be broadly classified into those that improve the effectiveness of a business function and those that improve the reach of information in the organization. The latter, organizati...

D. Adams R. Hirschheim

1991-01-01

451

The business of demographics.  

PubMed

The emergence of "demographics" in the past 15 years is a vital tool for American business research and planning. Tracing demographic trends became important for businesses when traditional consumer markets splintered with the enormous changes since the 1960s in US population growth, age structure, geographic distribution, income, education, living arrangements, and life-styles. The mass of reliable, small-area demographic data needed for market estimates and projections became available with the electronic census--public release of Census Bureau census and survey data on computer tape, beginning with the 1970 census. Census Bureau tapes as well as printed reports and microfiche are now widely accessible at low cost through summary tape processing centers designated by the bureau and its 12 regional offices and State Data Center Program. Data accessibility, plummeting computer costs, and businessess' unfamiliarity with demographics spawned the private data industry. By 1984, 70 private companies were offering demographic services to business clients--customized information repackaged from public data or drawn from proprietary data bases created from such data. Critics protest the for-profit use of public data by companies able to afford expensive mainframe computer technology. Business people defend their rights to public data as taxpaying ceitzens, but they must ensure that the data are indeed used for the public good. They must also question the quality of demographic data generated by private companies. Business' demographic expertise will improve when business schools offer training in demography, as few now do, though 40 of 88 graduate-level demographic programs now include business-oriented courses. Lower cost, easier access to business demographics is growing as more census data become available on microcomputer diskettes and through on-line linkages with large data bases--from private data companies and the Census Bureau itself. A directory of private and public demographic resources is appended, including forecasting, consulting and research services available. PMID:12313263

Russell, C

1984-06-01

452

Business Process Analytics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Business Process Management systems (BPMS) are a rich source of events that document the execution of processes and activities\\u000a within these systems. Business Process Management analytics is the family of methods and tools that can be applied to these\\u000a event streams in order to support decision making in organizations. The analysis of process events can focus on the behavior\\u000a of

Michael Mühlen; Robert Shapiro

453

The distribution and stereochemistry of amino acids in rocks and sediments from harsh terrestrial environments: analogues for future studies of ancient extraterrestrial materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for life elsewhere in the solar system has focused on experiments to detect extant life and on the detection of ancient remnants of life from times in the distant past when planetary bodies may have had more hospitable climates for the proliferation of life as we know it. With respect to the latter, compounds that are ubiquitous to life on Earth (e.g. amino acids) are logical targets when attempting to assess the possible occurrence of ancient extraterrestrial life. However, subsequent to death, the distribution and stereochemistry of amino acids change with the passage of time, and these changes may vary depending on environments of preservation. Amino acid distributions and stereochemistry for microorganisms in desert and arctic environments are presented and compared to those derived from older rocks and sediments that they are associated with. Criteria are suggested for the assessment of ancient, extraterrestrial life based on these distributions.

Engel, Michael H.; Engel, Debra H.

2010-08-01

454

The Future Information Structure in Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an attempt to "start a debate in our profession," William L. Goffe and Robert P. Parks have recently uploaded "The Future Information Structure in Economics" to the Economics Working Paper Archive at Washington University at St. Louis. Although the paper uses the Economics profession as an example, the points it raises can be applied to almost any academic subject. The paper discusses the possible effects of networking on future scholarly publishing, imagining how scholars will share not only their research, but also data sets that served as the raw material for the research, enabling other researchers to verify theories "on the fly." Several possibilities for future research publishing are discussed, from electronic journals that charge for access to completely free electronic publishing. The paper is divided into sections discussing: academic principles that are independent of technology; the impact of networks on working papers, journals and libraries; the implications of increased access to data; new opportunities for scholarly publishing in a networked environment; and a "roadmap" to a possible future of scholarly publishing. "Future Information" is available in .pdf, postscript, and TeX formats, is twenty pages long, contains little economics jargon, and has over 40 references to other electronic and non-electronic sources of interest. Goffe is a Professor in the Department of Economics and International Business at the University of Southern Mississippi, and is the author of "Resources for Economists on the Internet," one of the best Internet subject guides available. Parks is the maintainer of the Economics Working Paper Archive, a large and well organized electronic working paper archive.

Goffe, William L.; Parks, Bob.

1996-01-01

455

Standardized Curriculum for Business Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standardized curricula are provided for five courses for the secondary business technology programs in Mississippi: intensive business training; information processing; business computer applications; and computer programing technology (CPT) I and II. The 20 units of intensive business training include the following: keyboarding; operation of…

Mississippi State Dept. of Education, Jackson. Bureau of Vocational, Technical, and Adult Education.

456

Small Business Management. Teacher Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide, which is designed to assist teachers in providing instruction and technical support to small business owners and managers, contains 17 competency-based units of instruction on the following areas that both small business instructors and small business owners have deemed critical to the success of any business:…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

457

Software development environment, appendix F  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current status in the area of software development environments is assessed. The purposes of environments, the types of environments, the constituents of an environment, the issue of environment integration, and the problems which must be solved in preparing an environment are discussed. Some general maxims to guide near-term future work are proposed.

Riddle, W. E.

1980-01-01

458

Future Optical Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents views on the future of optical networking. A historical look at the emergence of optical networking is first taken, followed by a discussion on the drivers pushing for a new and pervasive network, which is based on photonics and can satisfy the needs of a broadening base of residential, business, and scientific users. Regional plans and targets for optical networking are reviewed to understand which current approaches are judged important. Today, two thrusts are driving separate optical network infrastructure models, namely 1) the need by nations to provide a ubiquitous network infrastructure to support all the future services and telecommunication needs of residential and business users and 2) increasing demands by the scientific community for networks to support their requirements with respect to large-scale data transport and processing. This paper discusses these network models together with the key enabling technologies currently being considered for future implementation, including optical circuit, burst and packet switching, and optical code-division multiplexing. Critical subsystem functionalities are also reviewed. The discussion considers how these separate models might eventually merge to form a global optical network infrastructure.

O'Mahony, Michael J.; Politi, Christina; Klonidis, Dimitrios; Nejabati, Reza; Simeonidou, Dimitra

2006-12-01

459

No business is an island: The network concept of business strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explore the contributions that could be made to the conceptual frame of reference for business strategy management by one of the research programmes which focuses on the organization-environment interface, and to which a network approach has been applied. We start by examining some of the assumptions underlying the current \\

Håkan Håkansson; Ivan Snehota

1989-01-01

460

A Unique Business Data Processing Program and Business Data Processing Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unusual approaches to vocational training offered by the Business Data Processing Program at the Boulder Valley Re-2 Public Schools Area Vocational Technical Center are described, including the facility, equipment, individualized instructional media and materials, advisory committees, environment, curriculum, and placement for (1) the general…

Olson, Richard K.; And Others

461

Research Review: Gene-environment interaction (GxE) research in youth depression - a systematic review with recommendations for future research  

PubMed Central

Background Depression is a major public health problem among youth, currently estimated to affect as many as 9% of US children and adolescents. The recognition that both genes (“nature”) and environments (“nurture”) are important for understanding the etiology of depression has led to rapid growth in research exploring gene–environment interactions (GxE). However, there has been no systematic review of GxE in youth depression to date. Methods The goal of this article was to systematically review evidence on the contribution of GxE to the risk of child and adolescent depression. Though a search of PubMed and PsycINFO databases to 1 April 2010, we identified 20 candidate gene–environment interaction studies focused on depression in youth (up to age 26) and compared each study in terms of the following characteristics: research design and sample studied; measure of depression and environment used; genes explored; and GxE findings in relation to these factors. Results In total 80% of studies (n=16) found at least one significant GxE association. However, there was wide variation in methods and analyses adopted across studies, especially with respect to environmental measures used and tests conducted to estimate GxE. This heterogeneity made it difficult to compare findings and evaluate the strength of the evidence for GxE. Conclusions The existing body of GxE research on depression in youth contains studies that are conceptually and methodologically quite different, which contributes to mixed findings and makes it difficult to assess the current state of the evidence. To decrease this heterogeneity, we offer 20 recommendations that are focused on: (1) reporting GxE research; (2) testing and reporting GxE effects; (3) conceptualizing, measuring, and analyzing depression; (4) conceptualizing measuring, and analyzing environment; (5) increasing power to test for GxE; and (6) improving the quality of genetic data used. Although targeted to GxE research on depression, these recommendations can be adopted by GxE researchers focusing on other mental health outcomes.

Dunn, Erin C.; Uddin, Monica; Subramanian, S.V.; Smoller, Jordan W.; Galea, Sandro; Koenen, Karestan C.

2011-01-01

462

Knowledge management in eBusiness and customer relationship management: South African case study findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge management is a prerequisite for eBusiness and its increasing customer centric focus. To operate in an eBusiness environment, an organisation has to have a good command of knowledge on its markets, customers, products and services, methods and processes, competitors, employee skills and its regulatory environment. This is due to the fact that organisations can, with the advent of eBusiness,

M. du Plessis; J. A. Boon

2004-01-01

463

Business evolution or revolution? Mail-order pharmacies in Germany.  

PubMed

It is an interesting detail of the present reform of national public health service in Germany that mail-order and internet pharmacies will be founded in future as new (e-commerce) business models. Main points of conceivable business systems can be characterised as well as critical success factors. No potential participant can ever have all the necessary resources and competences to implement a competitive business system without external support. This is why cooperation seems to be a useful tool for competence management. The Resource-based View will serve as theoretical background for analysis. The required and available competences of conceivable players can be identified. Features of resources can be described that recommend special types of cooperation with the intention of establishing and operate a business system. Especially German and international pharmaceutical wholesalers can be identified as conceivable "parents" of mail-order pharmacies in the future. PMID:18048201

Gersch, Martin

2004-01-01

464

A look at V/STOL for business aircraft.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Attempt to ascertain the economic viability of the V/STOL capability for business aircraft and the manner in which this viability depends on the aircraft concept. A cost-benefit analysis is presented which indicates that a VTOL business aircraft would be more viable economically than a contemporary turbine-powered business aircraft. The combination of traveler's time value and trip distance for which each aircraft dominates is shown. The significance of disk loading in V/STOL concept application is discussed, and preliminary design configuration studies for three different business-aircraft-sized V/STOLs, using three concepts covering a range of disk loading, are presented as examples. Finally, a discussion of operational aspects of interest to future users of V/STOL business aircraft is presented which centers around the requirements for routine IFR terminal-area operations.

Feistel, T. W.; Stewart, E. C.; Gerdes, R. M.; Smith, K. R., Jr.

1972-01-01

465

Students' Perception of International Business Curriculum: An Explorative Study--Case of Lebanon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic development depends on business education for a thriving and secure society. A skilled workforce that can create, innovate, and increase business opportunities fosters an environment of prosperity that provides jobs and enhances the quality of life among its citizens. This article examines the environment, content, and delivery of…

Bahhouth, Victor; Spillan, John E.; Bahhouth, Jocelyne; Khoueiri, Roy

2012-01-01

466

75 FR 1296 - Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...13 CFR Parts 121 and 124 Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development...Program Regulations and Small Business Size Regulations. Testimony and comments presented...the 8(a) BD program and small business size standards. In conjunction with the...

2010-01-11

467

2020 Workplace and the Evolution of Business Intelligence  

SciTech Connect

The work place is rapidly changing and will continue to change as the decade proceeds to 2020. Business Intelligence (BI) has many of the tools that will ensure that employees in this future work place can be successful and deal with these environmental changes. Ideas such as “swarming”, “hyper-connectedness”, “de-routinization of work” and “the collective” will morph employee engagement and those organizations with mature Business Intelligence practices will be prepared to support the success of their employees.

Hollis Henry; Troy Hiltbrand

2012-03-01

468

Software tools supporting business process analysis and modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the wide range of business process analysis\\/modelling (BPA\\/M) tools available, and compares the features of 12 specific tools. Presents two case studies with examples of software tool analysis results. The discussion addresses whether these tools meet the needs of managers of change and business process re-engineering (BPR) initiatives, and offers suggestions for future tool evolution. The focus is to

Bing Yu; David T. Wright

1997-01-01

469

Third Party Services for Enabling Business-to-Business Interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Business-to-business (B2B) interactions concerned with the fulfilment of a given business function (e.g., order processing) requires business partners to exchange electronic business documents and to act on them. This activity can be viewed as the business partners taking part in the execution of a shared business process, where each partner is responsible for performing their part in the process. Naturally, business process executions at each partner must be coordinated at run-time to ensure that the partners are performing mutually consistent actions (e.g., the seller is not hipping a product when the corresponding order has been cancelled by the buyer). A number of factors combine to make the task of business process coordination surprisingly hard:

Shrivastava, Santosh

470

Adapting the clinical MRI software environment for real-time navigation of an endovascular untethered ferromagnetic bead for future endovascular interventions.  

PubMed

A dedicated software architecture for a novel interventional method allowing the navigation of ferromagnetic endovascular devices using a standard real-time clinical MRI system is shown. Through a specially developed software environment integrating a tracking method and a real-time controller algorithm, a clinical 1.5T Siemens Avanto MRI system is adapted to provide new functionality for potential automated interventional applications. The proposed software architecture was successfully validated through in vivo controlled navigation inside the carotid artery of a swine. Here we present how this MRI-upgraded software environment could also be used in more complex vasculature models through the real-time navigation of a 1.5 mm diameter chrome steel bead in two different MR-compatible phantoms with flowless and quiescent flow conditions. The developed platform and software modules needed for such navigation are also presented. Real-time tracking achieved through a dedicated positioning method based on an off-resonance excitation technique has also been successfully integrated in the software platform while maintaining adequate real-time performance. These preliminary feasibility experiments suggest that navigation of such devices can be achieved using a similar software architecture on other conventional clinical MRI systems at an operational closed-loop control frequency of 32 Hz. PMID:18506794

Chanu, Arnaud; Felfoul, Ouajdi; Beaudoin, Gilles; Martel, Sylvain

2008-06-01

471

Determining business models for financial sustainability in regional health information organizations (RHIOs): a review.  

PubMed

Regional health information organizations (RHIOs) have the potential to alleviate today's health care problems by granting providers access to a supported body of clinical information for all patients in a given region. While the promise of and enthusiasm for RHIOs is immense, the issue of their financial sustainability remains unclear. It has been said that the business model supporting a regional or national health information network is as essential, if not more essential, than the technology that makes it feasible. Currently, there is a clear lack of concrete business models implemented in RHIOs' projects. This article reports the results of a literature review of the current status of the adaptation and implementation of business models by RHIOs for successful financial sustainability. Based on the review, this article also attempts to evaluate the existing financial situation of RHIOs to determine and recommend the best models of economic sustainability. Significant findings include RHIOs' present financial environment, planning, and self-sustainability methods. Future studies will be needed as RHIOs continue to grow and move toward the implementation phase of their development. PMID:19848569

Maffei, Roxana; Burciago, Daniel; Dunn, Kim

2009-10-01

472

An Examination of the Role of Attitudinal Characteristics and Motivation on the Cheating Behavior of Business Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines cheating behaviors among 422 business students at two public Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business-accredited business schools. Specifically, we examined the simultaneous influence of attitudinal characteristics and motivational factors on (a) reported prior cheating behavior, (b) the tendency to neutralize cheating behaviors, and (c) likelihood of future cheating. In addition, we examined the impact of in-class

Jeanette A. Davy; Joel F. Kincaid; Kenneth J. Smith; Michelle A. Trawick

2007-01-01

473

Managing security from the perspective of the business executive  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business executives often do not understand the environment in which the security function operates and what questions they should be asking their network administrators and security personnel. The purpose of this article is to address this environment and the issues from the perspective of senior management. It does not address the technical details of security implementation but strives to establish

Randall C. Reid; Arthur H. Gilbert

2007-01-01

474

2001 Industry Studies: Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. environmental industry is poised to support growth and preserve the environment, a process known as sustainable development. Despite only a small percentage of U.S. environmental businesses participating in the world market, the U.S. industry has...

J. L. Charvat C. L. Diamond R. J. Hrdy S. Kalweit V. G. McDade

2001-01-01

475

Results of induced atmosphere measurements from the Apollo program. [possible effects of the induced environment in the vicinity of manned spacecraft on future manned laboratory experiments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experiments on Apollo missions 15, 16, and 17 were utilized in an attempt to learn about the induced environment in the vicinity of manned spacecraft. Photographic sequences were examined to obtain scattered light data from the spacecraft-generated particulates during quiescence periods and after liquid dumps. The results allowed estimates of the obscuration factor and the clearing times after dumps. It was found that the clearing times were substantially longer than anticipated. The mass spectrometer detected a high molecular flux in lunar orbit which was induced by the spacecraft. It is shown that this is most likely caused by small ice crystals being continually produced in lunar orbit. Other data from the ultraviolet spectrometer and the stellar camera are also analyzed, and estimated values or upper limits are placed on the total scattering background, the size and number of particles generated, the velocity range, and the column density.

Naumann, R. J.

1974-01-01

476

Disruptive Technologies, Services, or Business Models?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Convergence in the realm of media, consumer electronics, computer technologies, and telecommunications has contributed to\\u000a societal changes in terms of individual expectations and behavior leading to the re-appraisal of traditional market segments.\\u000a Key innovations like the internet create a global platform that provides for new means in product and services configuration.\\u000a This expands opportunities and threats in the business environment

Gregory S. Yovanof; George N. Hazapis

2008-01-01

477

Business Process Monitoring with BPath - (Short Paper)  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Enterprise information systems allow more automation of tasks and complex interconnections, particularly with the emergence\\u000a of new paradigms like Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). These new environments make checking correctness of systems at\\u000a design-time as well as at run-time particularly challenging. In this paper, we propose a new monitoring framework that makes\\u000a use of business protocols as a simple abstraction of

Samir Sebahi; Mohand-Said Hacid

2010-01-01

478

Business Writer's Free Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Writing letters or memos in the world of business is an acquired skill, and those beginning to learn about this process will appreciate this site, which was designed by the Authenticity Counseling Company. The helpful resources offered here are divided into several sections, including "General Resources and Advice", "Basic Writing Skills", and "Basic Composition Skills". One other section is worth noting as well, and this is the section titled "Some Types of Correspondence". This is perhaps the section most relevant to business writing practices, as it includes sample memos, meeting minutes, and procedures for composing effective business emails. Overall, the site is quite a find, and visitors will enjoy making multiple visits to make the most out of the material offered here.

479

Business Plan Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Documenting the recent past can present a number of challenges for academics and archivists for any number of reasons, and documenting business history can have some unique challenges. This recent partnership between the Library of Congress, the Center for History and New Media, and the University of Maryland Libraries brings together business plans and related planning documents from the early days of the âÂÂdot comâ boom and subsequent bust. The homepage contains information about recent additions to the site and the âÂÂresearch cornerâ provides guidelines and recommendations for studying companies. Visitors will need to register (at no charge) to use the archive and they can search the materials through a fine online search engine provided here. Finally, users will want to definitely take a look at video coverage from 2004 where thirteen dot com âÂÂsurvivorsâ provided some insights into their business operations during this heady period.

480

Future accelerators (?)  

SciTech Connect

I describe the future accelerator facilities that are currently foreseen for electroweak scale physics, neutrino physics, and nuclear structure. I will explore the physics justification for these machines, and suggest how the case for future accelerators can be made.

John Womersley

2003-08-21

481

Uranium, its impact on the national and global energy mix; and its history, distribution, production, nuclear fuel-cycle, future, and relation to the environment  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The many aspects of uranium, a heavy radioactive metal used to generate electricity throughout the world, are briefly described in relatively simple terms intended for the lay reader. An adequate glossary of unfamiliar terms is given. Uranium is a new source of electrical energy developed since 1950, and how we harness energy from it is explained. It competes with the organic coal, oil, and gas fuels as shown graphically. Uranium resources and production for the world are tabulated and discussed by country and for various energy regions in the United States. Locations of major uranium deposits and power reactors in the United States are mapped. The nuclear fuel-cycle of uranium for a typical light-water reactor is illustrated at the front end-beginning with its natural geologic occurrence in rocks through discovery, mining, and milling; separation of the scarce isotope U-235, its enrichment, and manufacture into fuel rods for power reactors to generate electricity-and at the back end-the reprocessing and handling of the spent fuel. Environmental concerns with the entire fuel cycle are addressed. The future of the use of uranium in new, simplified, 'passively safe' reactors for the utility industry is examined. The present resource assessment of uranium in the United States is out of date, and a new assessment could aid the domestic uranium industry.

Finch, Warren Irvin

1997-01-01

482

Recent estuarine sedimentation rates from shallow inter-tidal environments in western Scotland: implications for future sea-level trends and coastal wetland development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the mid-late Holocene large sections of the Scottish coastline have been characterized by falling relative sea-levels resulting from differential glacio-isostatic uplift of this region of northern Britain. The complex interplay between crustal and sea-level movements continues to influence the morphological development of the Scottish coast. A number of geophysical models predict ongoing uplift of the Scottish landmass. However, a number of recent studies based upon the analysis of satellite altimetry data indicate a late 20th Century acceleration in the rate of eustatic sea-level rise. Detailed geochemistry, radiometric dating, and diatom analysis on selected sediment cores from four mature coastal marsh environments in Argyll, western Scotland, provides an opportunity to investigate the linkages between Twentieth century crustal movements, eustatic sea-level rise and recent rates of sedimentation recorded within marsh sediments across the proposed Scottish glacio-isostatic uplift dome. Solid-phase major and trace element geochemistry has been used to examine the extent to which post-depositional physical disturbance and/or chemical reactions may have influenced the reliability of the radiometric dating methods. Geochemical data indicate that the evolution of these marsh environments has not been significantly influenced by physical disturbance and overall the supply of minerogenic material to the marshes has been quite uniform. Vertical distributions of 210Pb excess and 137Cs activity have been measured and used to develop models of recent marsh vertical accretion. Dating of the cores reveals subtle variations in the rates of sediment accumulation over the last c. 70 years between sites. For much of the last hundred years or so, sedimentation rates have been in good overall agreement with various estimations for sea-level rise, although at the more easterly sites these estimates are generally exceeded. However, quasi-equilibrium between marsh sedimentation and sea-level rise for much of the Twentieth Century is indicated from the Diatom analysis. Over the most recent period of marsh development (<10 years), a significant increase in the rate of surface sedimentation is recorded at all sites across the study area. Diatom analysis of these surface layers reveals an increase in the relative abundance of marine (polyhalobous) taxa in the near-surface sediments. This signifies a very recent increase in the rate of regional relative sea-level rise indicating that a regional threshold in coastal forcing has now been exceeded. These findings provide clear evidence that recent relative sea-level rise is now outpacing estimated rates of glacio-isostatic adjustment (GIA) across the proposed Scottish uplift dome.

Teasdale, Phillip A.; Collins, Philip E. F.; Firth, Callum R.; Cundy, Andrew B.

2011-01-01

483

Declarative Approach to Configuring Business-to-Business Conversations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Business-to-business (B2B) interactions typically involve the exchange of documents and messages to achieve specific goals. This has led to the development of standards allowing the specification of complete electronic conversations detailing the syntax, ...

D. Mortimer N. Cook

2010-01-01

484

Virtual Hosting Environments for Online Gaming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Virtual Hosting Environment (VHE) is an advanced Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) environment where business\\u000a services can be integrated with one another across organisational boundaries and domains. The VHE also provides the means\\u000a to virtualize the environment where the business servicesoperate. There are two keys areas to be considered as background\\u000a for this experiment. The proof of concept aimed

David Bossard; Francesco D’Andria; Theo Dimitrakos; Angelo Gaeta

485

Future energy system in environment, economy, and energy problems (1) nuclear system as a solution to the E{sup 3} tri-lemma  

SciTech Connect

World energy demand is projected to double or triple by the turn of the 21. century. Particularly in developing countries, global warming is emerging as a serious issue. It makes the harmonization of energy, environment, and economy an urgent and major task for mankind. An optimization analysis has shown that the non-nuclear scenario will drive up the average electric power generation cost to 88-122 mills/kWh in 2100. The FBR-LWR scenario will hold the regional generation cost within the range of between 49 and 57 mills/kWh, while the non-nuclear scenario will inflate it. Taking reprocessing capacity and flat investment of plant into account and comparing the introduction terms of FBR from 2030 to 2070, a decade delay of FBR commercialization is found to reduce nuclear energy for the end of this century by 12-13%. As nuclear energy is the only proven and capable carbon-free energy source today, we should renew our recognition that Pu recycling option can make it sustainable and a growing number of countries should take the option effectively in the 21. century. (authors)

KEDA, Kazumi [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Yokohama, 220-8401 (Japan); SEKIMOTO, Hiroshi [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)

2006-07-01

486

Developing an XML Gateway for Business-to-Business Commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business-to-business (B2B) Electronic Business (EC) is speedily getting popular and companies are increasingly using this notion and technology for business transaction and data exchange among each other. Traditionally, using Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) on Value Added Network (VAN) is common for data exchange on B2B EC, however drawback are the trade-off between flexibility and efficiency among partners in the whole

Shi-ming Huang; Irene S. Y. Kwan; David C. Yen; Shang-yuen Hsueh

2000-01-01

487

Modeling Business Strategy in E-Business Systems Requirements Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a conceptual modeling approach for require- ments engineering for e-business systems that enables alignment of systems re- quirements with business strategy. Jackson problem diagrams and goal model- ing are employed to capture business strategy. As a means of linking abstract, high-level business requirements to low-level system requirements, we leverage the paradigm of projection in both problem diagrams

Steven J. Bleistein; Karl Cox; June M. Verner

2004-01-01

488

The Graphic Design Business: Turning Creativity into Business Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many graphic designers aspire to start their own businesses. Usually designers fall into two categories. The first category comprises of designers who are knowledgeable about business. Graphic designers who fit this category have strong marketing and promotion practices that make their business successful. There is also a second category who believe that their design credentials alone will bring clients into

Ryan McNew

2001-01-01

489

The Teaching of Business Ethics: An Imperative at Business Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the findings of an investigation of MBAs and their views on the teaching of business ethics. The author found that tomorrow's business leaders believe that there are ethical standards that should be followed in business but that current ethical standards do not meet society's needs adequately. Moreover, although most respondents…

Crane, Frederick G.

2004-01-01

490

Business and nonBusiness Value Creating Organizations in the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary - 1. Organizations as autopoietic systems - 2. Organizations as teleonomic systems - 3. Business and non-business, profit and non- profit organizations - 4. The permanent organization as cognitive system. Structural coupling - 5. The behaviour of the cognitively efficient organization - 6. Intellegence, learning, experience - 7. Managerial qualities and entrepreunership in business organizations - 8. The Web-Based

Piero Mella

491

Promoting SM-E-Business through Business Support Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of regional business support networks have together investigated the status of regional support for e-business development. A study of existing requirements has enabled production of a package of 'decision support' for business advisors working with small and medium sized companies in their respective regions. The initial package has been deployed for testing and refinement in advance of public

Frank Wilson; Tony Swash; Stephen Anderson

492

A Framework for Integrating Business Processes and Business Requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service-oriented architectures and Web service infras- tructure provide the ideal framework for interconnecting organizations and for defining distributed business applica- tions. The possibility to exploit business process definition and execution languages is particularly relevant for captur- ing the process-oriented nature of these applications. How- ever, business processes by themselves are not enough to manage the changes and to allow an

Raman Kazhamiakin; Marco Pistore; Marco Roveri

2004-01-01

493

The English of Business Is the Business of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three arguments lead to the conclusion that the English of business is the business of English. First, reluctance to fully appreciate the English of Business stems in part from a serious misunderstanding about the development of written language in the Western tradition. While studying folktales and the origins of myths has made an awareness of…

Versluis, Edward B.

494

Do Business Schools Value the Competencies that Businesses Value?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used survey research to determine the congruence among the competencies that businesses identify as being indicative of successful managers, the competencies that business schools identify as being indicative of successful graduates, and the competencies that are emphasized in business school curricula. The results show that although…

Abraham, Steven Eric; Karns, Lanny A.

2009-01-01

495

Business Process Optimization: Combining Project Management and Six Sigma Best Practices to Better Understand and Optimize Critical Business Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to secure a competitive edge in its respective industries, organizations are seeking ways to increase efficiency and guarantee successful execution of critical business processes. In today's global business environment, the importance of first-to-market, customer service, cost-competitiveness, and quality are key factors in determining an organization's success, or undesirable failure. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how

Larry Meyer; Tony Scrima

496

Religiousness and Business Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is strong theoretical support for a relationship between various characteristics of religiousness and attitudes towards business ethics. This paper examines three frequently- studied dimensions of religiousness (fundamentalism, conservatism, and intrinsic religiousness) and their ability to predict students' willingness to behave unethically. Because prior research indicated a possible relationship between the religious affiliation of an institution and its members' ethical

Ellen J. Kennedy; Leigh Lawton

1998-01-01

497

The Business Behind Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the motives of corporate America regarding the standards and testing movement in education. Notes that the main objective of the Business Roundtable (a coalition of CEOs of the nation's largest corporations) is not quality education but the preservation of the competitiveness of corporate America. Discusses changes in workplace literacy…

Altwerger, Bess; Strauss, Steven L.

2002-01-01

498

The Business of Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes several community colleges that are taking a more business-like approach, trimming costs, improving efficiencies, and pursuing next-generation innovation--all while keeping the focus squarely where it should be: on learning. At Florida Keys Community College (FKCC), John Keho says his college is taking some strong--though…

Bers, Trudy; Gelfman, Arnold; Knapp, Jolene

2008-01-01

499

Minding the Academy's Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a teacher of educational leadership, the author of this article has observed that an alarming number of his doctoral students tend to view colleges and universities as little more than failed businesses. Students have witnessed a rising tide of corporate executives appointed to top academic posts, suggesting that boards of trustees see higher…

Siegel, David J.

2006-01-01

500

Open for Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People know about the Sakai Project (open source course management system); they may even know about Kuali (open source financials). So, what is the next wave in open source software? This article discusses business intelligence (BI) systems. Though open source BI may still be only a rumor in most campus IT departments, some brave early adopters…

Voyles, Bennett

2007-01-01