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1

Challenges facing business schools in the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Forward-looking schools around the world are beginning to implement changes to their curricula, their marketing strategies, their alliances and partnerships to face the challenges of the increasingly competitive business education market of the future. This paper seeks to identify success factors for business schools in their competitive environment, and to provide some recommendations for higher education in the

Eric Cornuel

2007-01-01

2

The future electricity business  

SciTech Connect

The transition of the electricity business into the competitive market will result in change as significant as that brought about by the PC or the deregulation of telecommunications,and with it opportunities for new products, service, and technologies, particularly to support an increase in distributed generation. The electricity business has been viewed as having three building blocks--generation, transmission, and distribution. Almost all investments in these three sectors historically have been made by utilities, but now these investments have begun to be made by customers or new entrants under a competitive market model. With the high-voltage transmission system largely built, the business focus will shift to efficient utilization of that infrastructure through investments in grid automation control, communications, and network management. And while the primary function of the distribution system--connecting customers to the utility grid--will remain unchanged, there will be new requirements on the distribution system to integrate distributed technologies and customer micro grids. Generation power plants are as likely to be located at customer sites as at utility or central-station sites. Customers may choose to create micro grids that are locally self sufficient and may or may not be connected to the utility grid. The characteristics of the distribution grid are likely to change from a one-way system in which power flows from utility central-station power plants to customers, to a two-way system in which power may flow in either direction. Hence, the focus will increasingly shift to integration of portfolio of distributed technologies. The opening of the electricity business to competition also opens new markets and business opportunities for new entrants.

Budhraja, V.S.

1999-11-01

3

A Future for Business Simulations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technical developments have occurred in the design and use of business simulations for management training, other changes are needed to keep them relevant. Design of simulations should address current and future trends in the workplace and skills that will be needed by managers. (SK)

Fripp, John

1997-01-01

4

Registering a Business Collaboration Model in Multiple Business Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today business registries are regarded as means of finding services offered by a business partner. However, business registries might also serve as means of seaching inter-organizational business process definitions that are relevant in one's own business environment. Thus, it is important to define in which environments an inter-organizational business process definition is valid. Furthermore, environment-specific adaptations of the business process

Birgit Hofreiter; Christian Huemer

2005-01-01

5

A future for business simulations?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business simulations have played an important part in management development activities for many years, but the world of business is changing fast and managers’ responsibilities are changing too. If simulations are to remain relevant they must keep abreast of these changes, and preferably anticipate them. Argues that while impressive “technical” developments have occurred in the design and use of business

John Fripp

1997-01-01

6

The many futures of Asian business groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

What does the future hold for Asian business groups? This paper discusses three rival hypotheses whose predictions for the\\u000a future of Asian business groups differ from the predictions of the prevailing institutional voids hypothesis. The latter is\\u000a a two stage model that posits that business groups first emerge to solve market failures for affiliated firms. Subsequently\\u000a government initiates the construction

Michael Carney

2008-01-01

7

Commentary: Study of gene-environment interplay - a lesson in how to keep oneself busy for the foreseeable future.  

PubMed

Psychologists and psychiatrists have long been aware that individuals differ in their response to environmental stressors. It is equally apparent that whilst positive or corrective environmental factors help some individuals, others seem to benefit little, if at all. To make the matters even more interesting (at least for a researcher who is hoping for a long and painstaking road of scientific discovery), it is not safe to assume that environments operate entirely independently of the study participants. PMID:24007417

Viding, Essi

2013-10-01

8

The International Business Curriculum of the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to forecast how the international business curriculum will appear in the early 21st century using the ten major world trends predicted by Naisbitt and Aburdene (1990). It concludes by prophesizing that the international business curriculum of the future will: (1) have to appeal to more international students in U. S. schools, (2) include more

Franklin B. Krohn

1996-01-01

9

Accounting knowledge and skills and the challenges of a global business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid spread and acceptance of globalization and the enormous developments in information technology, has led to dramatic changes in the business environment. These changes have brought new challenges not only to business but also to business education. Business schools that prepare future managers in different disciplines are responsible for closing the gap between the skills acquired by its graduates

Ehab K. A. Mohamed; Sherif H. Lashine

2003-01-01

10

The global environment of business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the ongoing industrial revolution: The lessons of business historyOne of the first tenets of international business (IB) is that it spans multiple disciplines. Yet driven by the need to publish in specialist journals or by the disciplinary expertise of individual authors, most studies at best pay lip service to this aspect of the field. It is perfectly possible to

Michael H Best

2011-01-01

11

The global environment of business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the ongoing industrial revolution: The lessons of business historyOne of the first tenets of international business (IB) is that it spans multiple disciplines. Yet driven by the need to publish in specialist journals or by the disciplinary expertise of individual authors, most studies at best pay lip service to this aspect of the field. It is perfectly possible to

Michael H Best

12

Mentoring in the Business Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines existing, formal mentoring programs for women and men business owners by comparing program structures, identifying best practices, and exploring the unique characteristics among programs geared specifically to women. The study also rev...

2003-01-01

13

Enterprise security architecture in business convergence environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide the strategic model of approach which helps enterprise executives to solve the managerial problems of planning, implementation and operation about information security in business convergence environments. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A risk analysis method and baseline controls of BS7799 were used to generate security patterns of business convergence. With the analysis of existing enterprise architecture (EA) methods, the

Sangkyun Kim; Choon Seong Leem

2005-01-01

14

McGraw-Hill's 1972 Report on Business & the Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Up-to-date information on environmental law and enforcement, industrial problems and solutions, and municipal waste treatment problems is offered in this compendium. It reports on the condition of the American environment as it affects, and is affected by, the operation of business enterprises. The text deals objectively with present and future

Price, F., Ed.; And Others

15

Ethics in Japanese business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

At first sight it is easy to understand that “ethics in business” is a field which aims at explaining problems of moral aspect which come up currently in the activity of economic agents from a market economy. Considering the cultural variety of moral values and principles lengthwise and crosswise the planet and, since the adopted policies led to many unacceptable

Caraiani Gheorghe; Madu?a Gyongyver

2007-01-01

16

A PROPOSAL FOR A BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT ONTOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of enterprise modelling has recently been very active and produced ontologies covering the various aspects of a business, gradually evolving f rom operational to strategic aspects. Following thi s evolution, the next logical step is to extend this field to cover the external environment of a firm. This is essential because firms need to attain a co-alig nment

Giovanni Camponovo

17

Future Research Challenges in Business Agility - Time, Control and Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today organizations face increasingly dynamic and competitive environments. Business agility aims to address these challenges. In this contribution, we aim to increase understanding about business agility by introducing a novel conceptualization. In addition, we aim to identify key research challenges that need to be addressed by future research. In order to achieve these goals, we first introduce different levels of

Markus Strohmaier; Herwig Rollett

2005-01-01

18

Business investment in future CEOs recognised  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultivating two-way interpersonal relationships between business leaders and students is essential to enhancing a graduate’s theoretical and practical knowledge of the corporate world, according to Notre Dame Commerce\\/Arts student Gemma Thomson.\\u000aWith the success of The University of Notre Dame Australia’s (UNDA) School of Business Internship Program dependent on support from local and national business leaders, Ms Thomson said the

Leigh Dawson

2011-01-01

19

Intra-African Trade Obstacles: The Role of Business Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the relationship between business environment and trade in Africa. The business environment indicators include the number of documents (days) to export and import; number of procedures (days) to starting a business, registering a property, enforcing contract; investor's protection index; ports e¢ ciency; and services infrastructure. We estimate a modi…ed gravity equation, controlling for heterogeneity and shocks. The

Bruno Powo Fosso

20

Coming of Age: The Future of Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business education is changing. In May 1998, 200 people attended Canada's first Spirituality in the Workplace Conference. If traditional business schools fade away, there will be a need for institutions able to train and mentor future leaders to a standard that is in touch with cultural dynamics and expects appropriate spiritual, moral, and…

Evans, Robert; Turner, Virginia

1999-01-01

21

The utility business model and the future of computing services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utility business model is shaped by a number of characteristics that are typical in public services: users consider the service a necessity, high reliability of service is critical, the ability to fully utilize capacity is limited, and services are scalable and benefit from economies of scale. This paper examines the utility business model and its future role in the

Michael A. Rappa

2004-01-01

22

Future Directions for Business Education: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this study was to synthesize perceptions from the field about current issues and to propose future directions for the field of business education. Method: A modified three-stage Delphi study was carried out with business educators who attended national conferences and/or belonged to national professional organizations.…

Kesten, Cyril A.; Lambrecht, Judith J.

2010-01-01

23

Changing Environment for Japanese Venture Businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The Japanese venture market, once noticeably smaller than its counterparts in Western countries, has benefited from deregulation and other developments that are encouraging the formation of venture businesses in Japan. Of particular note are the spread of university-based venture businesses, which are helping to link technology and business, and legislation that has made it possible to launch venture businesses

Dai Higashino

24

Toward Dynamic Business Models on marketplace environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, the mobile market provides simple solutions for the definition of business models among the actors involved in the value chain. For instance, App Stores establish predefined business elements for service providers and customers, and it is difficult to identify differentiation characteristics from the business point of view. Dynamic Business Models are an evolution aimed to provide new enablers and

Oscar Lorenzo Dueñas Rugnon; M. A. T. Escudero; J. L. Rueda; Sivasothy Shanmugalingam

2010-01-01

25

Business Ethics of Future Marketing Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the findings of a study which examined the business ethics of college students. The study utilized a series of ten vignettes which posed five dif ferent types of ethical problems. The responses were analyzed to determine student values.

David J. Fritzsche; Helmut Becker

1982-01-01

26

Faculty Unions, Business Models, and the Academy's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author addresses questions about the future of faculty unions, business models, and the academy by providing some current and historical context regarding the causes of and conflicts about faculty unions. He also reviews trends in college and university management over the past three decades, using California, Ohio, and…

Rhoades, Gary

2011-01-01

27

Biologically inspired future service environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, a major factor that has attracted numerous users to the Internet is services, and it is anticipated that this trend will continue into the future. As the Internet of the future becomes increasingly service centric, this brings with it a number of well established challenges. With large volumes of services, service discovery becomes one of the most

Sasitharan Balasubramaniam; Dmitri Botvich; Raymond Carroll; Julien Mineraud; Tadashi Nakano; Tatsuya Suda; William Donnelly

2011-01-01

28

THE IMPACT OF LANGUAGES ON THE ONLINE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with an analysis of the English language, as lingua franca of the Internet, mainly online business environment. If a business has already developed a Web site, it is important to translate the site into the target language of a particular foreign market. It sounds easy, but is a literal translation all that's required for a different culture?

MUSEANU ELENA; COANCA MARIANA

2010-01-01

29

Relevance of Education & Training in a Business Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's workplace must employ knowledgeable, flexible, efficient, and adaptable workers who are lifelong learners. Adult learners need to be updated on the latest changes in the structure of the business environment. Business programs must respond to corporate and personal development needs by designing curriculum that embraces the management…

Whiteman, Jo Ann M.

30

Final Evaluation of Business Environment Improvement (BEI) Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the final report on the evaluation of the Business Environment Improvement (BEI) project funded by USAID/Central Asian Republics (CAR). The project was implemented by the Pragma Corporation in Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic (KR), and Tajikistan. ...

2013-01-01

31

Futurism: Its Potential and Actual Role in Master of Business Administration (MBA) Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author highlights the potential role of "futurism" in master of business administration (MBA) curricula and the conceivable offerings of futurism to business planners. This article serves as a corollary to educators in MBA business education and concerns to the nature of futurism, the benefits of futurism to managerial…

Peterson, Robin T.

2006-01-01

32

Managerial Issues In The Global Business Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is becoming passé to say business world is going global. Globalisation is wide spread and is an ongoing phenomenon. The key factors driving the globalisation process are Foreign Direct Investment, falling international trade barriers, revolutions of information technology, joint ventures and mergers and acquisitions. Even though there is a tendency to assume globalisation is confined to large companies it

K. Asoka Gunaratne

2000-01-01

33

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS USED IN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communities are constantly in competition with one another to attract businesses. New and better ways to market a community constantly go through experimentation. One tool that has come to the forefront is the use of a geographic information system (GIS). Lately, more and more communities are adopting this tool for land use planning and for economic development planning. Geographical Information

Laura Danilescu

2008-01-01

34

Evaluation of business use cases in the Future Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of the work developed by the 4WARD project within the Future Internet, some use-cases were created to show the main aspects of 4WARD's work, highlighting the technical innovations arising from the project, and also to study the related business potential. This way, four use-cases were developed: two more user oriented (Community-oriented Applications and Internet of Things) and

Luis M. CORREIA; Thomas R. BANNIZA; Anna M. BIRAGHI; João GONÇALVES; Mario KIND; Thomas MONATH; Daniel SEBASTIÃO; Klaus WUENSTEL; Jukka SALO

2010-01-01

35

Business List vs Ground Observation for Measuring a Food Environment: Saving Time or Waste of Time (or Worse)?  

PubMed

In food-environment research, an alternative to resource-intensive direct observation on the ground has been the use of commercial business lists. We sought to determine how well a frequently used commercial business list measures a dense urban food environment like the Bronx, NY. On 155 Bronx street segments, investigators compared two different levels for matches between the business list and direct ground observation: lenient (by business type) and strict (by business name). For each level of matching, researchers calculated sensitivities and positive predictive values (PPVs) for the business list overall and by broad business categories: General Grocers (eg, supermarkets), Specialty Food Stores (eg, produce markets), Restaurants, and Businesses Not Primarily Selling Food (eg, newsstands). Even after cleaning the business list (eg, for cases of multiple listings at a single location), and allowing for inexactness in listed street addresses and spellings of business names, the overall performance of the business list was poor. For strict matches, the business list had an overall sensitivity of 39.3% and PPV of 45.5%. Sensitivities and PPVs by broad business categories were not meaningfully different from overall values, although sensitivity for General Grocers and PPV for Specialty Food Stores were particularly low: 26.2% and 32%, respectively. For lenient matches, sensitivities and PPVs were somewhat higher but still poor: 52.4% to 60% and 60% to 75%, respectively. The business list is inadequate to measure the actual food environment in the Bronx. If results represent performance in other settings, findings from prior studies linking food environments to diet and diet-related health outcomes using such business lists are in question, and future studies of this type should avoid relying solely on such business lists. PMID:23871107

Lucan, Sean C; Maroko, Andrew R; Bumol, Joel; Torrens, Luis; Varona, Monica; Berke, Ethan M

2013-07-16

36

Engineering Agent Organisations in a Business Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motivated by demands from the commercial world for software systems that can assist in the reorganisation of processes for the purpose of reducing business complexity, we discuss the benefits and challenges of the multi-agent approach. We concentrate on the engineering aspects of large scale multi-agent systems and begin our exploration by focusing on a real world example from the call centre industry. The critical call routing process seems appropriate and useful in presenting our ideas and provides a good starting point for the development of agent organisations capable of self-management and coordination. The main contributions of this work can be summarised as the demonstration of the value of agent organisational models that do not replicate the typical hierarchical structures observed in human organisations and that a quite basic peer-to-peer structure produces very similar performance indicators to a mature simulator that uses conventional techniques, suggesting further improvements may readily be realized.

Traskas, Dimitris; Padget, Julian

37

A qualitative sense-making classification of business incubation environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business incubation is a new and fast growing industry in the UK. The environments within which incubation can take place and their descriptors as used across the industry are many and varied. The language engaged in by policy-makers, professionals and practitioners commonly applies metaphors to convey meaning of loosely defined terms and concepts in a diverse market seeking increased clarity.

Paul D. Hannon

2004-01-01

38

The relevance of firm size when reforming the business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence suggests that smaller firms face a more difficult business environment (BE) than large firms. It is debateable, however, as to whether BE reform should therefore specifically account for small firms or whether reforms should seek to create a level playing field for all enterprises. This paper addresses this issue by asking: is firm size relevant for the reform of

Paul Vandenberg

2005-01-01

39

Characteristics of Interactive Learning Environments in Business Management Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to develop theoretical propositions for the institutional, course, instructor, and student characteristics of the learning environment where interactive learning techniques are used in college-level business courses. Using an interpretive case study method with examination of documents, observations of instructors and students,…

Nicastro, Mary L.

40

External Business Environment Analysis with RSS\\/Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to introduce the system that analyzes external business environment utilizing RSS or web news. The proposed system will visualize positioning of companies in an industry. The positioning analysis shows the company priority issues in changing market. Conventionally, such information is collected and regenerated manually by analysts. Our technique retrieves RSS or web news, applies

Shigeaki Matsumoto; Takatoshi Kitano; Shigeru Hosono

2008-01-01

41

Microscope on the Microfinance Business Environment in Latin America 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the dynamic, weighted model on the microfinance business environment, built by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and supported with financing and advice by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the Andean Development Corporation (Corporación Andina de Fomento, CAF).

2008-01-01

42

CEO Perspectives on Scanning the Global Hotel Business Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on the first survey of chief executive officers of multinational hotel chains, sponsored by the International Hotel Association. The purpose of the survey was to assess the environmental scanning practices in those hotel firms and to learn how their executives view the uncertainty of the global business environment.

Michael D. Olsen; Bvsan Murthy; Richard Teare

1994-01-01

43

Business Education at Catholic Universities: Current Status and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Is business education at Catholic colleges and universities different than business education at secular institutions? This study assesses the current state of business education at Catholic colleges and universities based on a national survey of business school deans and faculty members and an audit of business unit web sites. Results suggest…

Porth, Stephen J.; McCall, John J.; DiAngelo, Joseph A.

2009-01-01

44

Business Education at Catholic Universities: Current Status and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is business education at Catholic colleges and universities different than business education at secular institutions? This study assesses the current state of business education at Catholic colleges and universities based on a national survey of business school deans and faculty members and an audit of business unit web sites. Results suggest…

Porth, Stephen J.; McCall, John J.; DiAngelo, Joseph A.

2009-01-01

45

A New Paradigm for the Teaching of Business Law and Legal Environment Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a need to develop curriculum and materials on law-related topics better designed for business students planning a career in business. Except incidentally, business school legal faculty are not teaching future lawyers or paralegals. The world of the business practitioner is very different from that of the lawyer. For most business people…

Lampe, Marc

2006-01-01

46

Continuation of Futuring the Business Education Curriculum Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report contains six papers on preparing business education students and teachers to meet projected job needs. The papers, presented at four meetings of the New York Statewide Business Education Review Committee, address four major topics: (1) identifying projected skills, attitudes, and knowledge expected of entry level business employees in…

City Univ. of New York, NY. Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.

47

Research on the Workday Time Management Model for Workflows in Business Service Grid Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The time management model for business cooperation across organizations and business service grid has a special and important requirement, i.e. workday model. Workflow plays an important role in modeling of business processes in inter-enterprise or business service grid environment. However, current workflow time management model does not consider the difference of workday calendar. Aiming to this problem, this paper first

Jianxun Liu; Chunjie Zhou; Mingdong Tang

2006-01-01

48

It's Not Easy Being Green: Bringing Real Life to the Undergraduate Legal Environment of Business Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Legal Environment of Business course in a traditional undergraduate business curriculum, students are expected to acquire knowledge about many areas of the law and the application of law to business, society, and the international marketplace. Current concepts in undergraduate business education, such as ethics and sustainability, must also…

Marcum, Tanya M.; Perry, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

49

It's Not Easy Being Green: Bringing Real Life to the Undergraduate Legal Environment of Business Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the Legal Environment of Business course in a traditional undergraduate business curriculum, students are expected to acquire knowledge about many areas of the law and the application of law to business, society, and the international marketplace. Current concepts in undergraduate business education, such as ethics and sustainability, must…

Marcum, Tanya M.; Perry, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

50

Cost Optimization Model for Business Applications in Virtualized Grid Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of Grid computing gives enterprises an ever increasing choice of computing options, yet research has so far hardly addressed the problem of mixing the different computing options in a cost-minimal fashion. The following paper presents a comprehensive cost model and a mixed integer optimization model which can be used to minimize the IT expenditures of an enterprise and help in decision-making when to outsource certain business software applications. A sample scenario is analyzed and promising cost savings are demonstrated. Possible applications of the model to future research questions are outlined.

Strebel, Jörg

51

The Future Astronomical Software Environment progress .  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The OPTICON working group 3.6 in collaboration with international partners and in coordination with the Virtual Observatory, has already identified the high level requirements and the main architectural concepts for a future software environment for astronomical data reduction and analysis (Future Astronomical Software Environment). A special attention has been payed to: a) scalability, to allow the reduction of huge data volumes exploiting the hardware and software parallel architecture, b) interoperability, in order to guarantee the interaction between software coming from different sources and make easy the access to the Virtual Observatory, c) and modularity, to separate the adopted software technology from the specific computational algorithm and allow an independent evolution of the two areas. The proposed concepts have been widely discussed and shared by the astronomical community; however a lot of work still remains to do, mainly: a) the definition of open standards, b) the verification of such standards thanks to at least one reference implementation and practical user cases, c) and the whole must be supported at least by the major international organizations that develop data reduction and analysis software. All this work has led up to the definition of a new proposal for FP7 within OPTICON (where ESO, INAF, LAM-OAMP and NRAO/NVO are actively involved) which we present describing the project in detail and adding a description of the European FASE prototype, developed by INAF-IASF Milano in collaboration with LAM-OAMP (Marseille).

Paioro, L.; Garilli, B.; Grosböl, P.; Tody, D.; Surace, C.; Fenouillet, T.; Franzetti, P.; Fumana, M.; Scodeggio, M.

52

Future prospect 2012-2025 - How will our business change for the next 10 years -  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this lecture is to discuss about the "Future". How our business will change in the next 10 years? I believe the key is 3 mega-trends "Sustainability", "Cloud Computing" and "Life Innovation". With the development of social environment, the required business will change, too. The future would be invisible if you shut yourself up in your single industry. It is important to see various business fields horizontally, and recognize various key changes stereoscopically such as demographics, economy, technology, sense of value and lifestyle, when you develop mid-and-long term strategy. "Cloud" is silent, but the revolution of personal computing. It will bring the drastic changes in every industry. It will make "voice" and "moving image" possible to use as the interface to access your computer. Cloud computing will also make the client device more diversified and spread the application range widely. 15 years ago, the term "IT" was equivalent to "personal computer". Recently, it rather means to use smartphone and tablet device. In the next several years, TV and car-navigation system will be connected to broadband and it will become a part of personal computing. The meaning of personal computing is changing essentially year by year. In near future, the universe of computing will expand to the energy, medical and health-care, and agriculture etc. It passed only 20 years since we use "Computer" in a full scale operation. Recently, computer has start understanding our few words and talking in babble like a baby. The history of computing has just started.

Tanaka, Sakae

2013-04-01

53

The status of business ethics: Past and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business ethics, which grew out of religion's interest in ethics in business and management education's concern with social issues, has become an interdisciplinary academic field. Thus far it has centered on teaching undergraduates. The easy work has now been done and the field has reached a plateau. To develop further it requires development on the MBA level, high quality research

Richard T. De George

1987-01-01

54

CLARIFYING BUSINESS MODELS: ORIGINS, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF THE CONCEPT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to clarifyi the concept of business models, its usages, and its roles in the Information Systems domain. A review of the literature shows a broad diversity of understandings, usages, and places in the firm. The paper identifies the terminology or ontology used to describe a business model, and compares this terminology with previous work. Then the general

Alexander Osterwalder; Yves Pigneur; Christopher L. Tucci

55

“All Business is Glocal”: The future of the automotive industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daimler AG is a globally leading producer of premium passenger cars and heavy- and medium-duty trucks. Dr. Dieter Zetsche,\\u000a Chairman of Daimler AG and Head of Mercedes-Benz Cars, was interviewed by Dr. Christian Schmitz, Head of Business-to-Business\\u000a Marketing at the University of St. Gallen.

Dieter Zetsche

2009-01-01

56

Enterprising Futures: Training and Education and Small Businesses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part-time business students employed by small/medium-sized enterprises (n=22) generally considered course content relevant to small businesses, but thought guest speakers and case studies could improve courses. The students had problems finding enough time to assimilate learning. More flexibility in scheduling was desired. (SK)|

Clarke, Julia; Gibson-Sweet, Monica

1998-01-01

57

Research in Online and Blended Learning in the Business Disciplines: Key Findings and Possible Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this literature review, we examine and assess the state of research of online and blended learning in the business disciplines with the intent of assessing the state of the field and identifying opportunities for meaningful future research. We review research from business disciplines such as Accounting, Economics, Finance, Information Systems…

Arbaugh, J. B.; Godfrey, Michael R.; Johnson, Marianne; Pollack, Birgit Leisen; Niendorf, Bruce; Wresch, William

2009-01-01

58

Future Directions of Management Science and Operations Management in Business School Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The fields of Management Science (MS) and Operations Management (OM) have co-existed in business school curricula for over a half century. This paper examines five trends that point toward a bright future for Operations Management in the business curriculum. These trends include an increasing emphasis on global competition, the growth of the…

Fuller, Jack A.; Denton, James W.

2006-01-01

59

Building Your Own Scenario: Business and Office Occupations, Sex Equity, and Alternative Futures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This training manual, one of eight in a series, has been developed to help state and local supervisors and teacher educators in business and office occupations to conduct a workshop on sex equity as it relates to their future programs for vocational education teachers and administrators in the business and office service area. The workshop's…

Vetter, Louise; And Others

60

Towards sustainably managed media organizations: reflections on the future of responsible business in media industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to offer insight into the future of responsible business in the media industry. The focus of analysis is on the views and opinions of leading CEOs in media companies in Finland about responsible business and the social and organizational challenges faced by the media industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To explore the views of

Markku Wilenius; Nando Malmelin

2009-01-01

61

Will the ethics of business change? A survey of future executives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of a study of attitudes of future business executives towards issues of social responsibility and business ethics. The 455 respondents, who were MBA students during 1985 at one dozen schools from various regions in the United States, were asked to respond to a series of open-ended and closed-ended questions. From the responses to the questions

Thomas M. Jones; Frederick H. Gautschi

1988-01-01

62

Business models for digital business ecosystems: The case of the Open Negotiation Environment (ONE) platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of business negotiations of complex products or services is an essential binding element in today's dynamic global markets. The digital business ecosystem (DBE) paradigm provides a concept for understanding such dynamic global businesses. However, an analysis form a business model perspective is still missing. This paper presents the case study of an envisioned open source decentralized negotiation platform

Volker Hoyer; Katarina Stanoevska-Slabeva

2009-01-01

63

Measurement in Service Businesses: Challenges and Future Directions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter presents challenges faced by service businesses while implementing a measurement system. A review of existing frameworks is presented and a new framework, the Service Scorecard, is introduced. The Service Scorecard is an adaptation of the Six Sigma Business Scorecard for the service sector. The framework has also been influenced by existing frameworks such as the Malcom Baldrige award criteria, the Balanced Scorecard, the European Quality award and the Service Profit Chain model. The seven elements of the Service Scorecard are Growth, Leadership, Acceleration, Collaboration, Innovation, Execution, and Retention. The examples of measurement systems are presented with concrete real-world case examples. Final thoughts and the challenges faced are also presented.

Tyagi, Rajesh Kumar

64

Building Florida's Future: Quality and Access or Business as Usual?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How many of Florida's four million children should expect to attend the State University System someday? And what should they find when they arrive? The bare minimum? Or world-class universities with facilities on a par with the best the nation has to offer? This report states that a "business as usual" approach has corroded the link between the…

Board of Governors, State University System of Florida, 2006

2006-01-01

65

Enterprising futures: training and education for small businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The abilities and skills of employees will be crucial to the prosperity of small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and there is some evidence that graduates may have an important role to play in improving performance. This paper examines how the Department of Business Studies at the Manchester Metropolitan University investigated the relevance of its provision to SMEs.The provision is generally

Julia Clarke; Monica Gibson-Sweet

1998-01-01

66

Social networks: the future of marketing for small business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The authors review recent developments in online marketing strategy that demonstrate the growing power of online communities in building brand reputations and customer relationships. Design\\/methodologies\\/approach – This work draws upon the results of an ongoing research project that is investigating the use of new technologies by entrepreneurial growing businesses in the London area. A range of examples from

Lisa Harris; Alan Rae

2009-01-01

67

Research on Business Intelligence in enterprise computing environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business intelligence (BI) is the process of gathering enough of the right information in the right manner at the right time, and delivering the right results to the right people for decision-making purposes so that it can continue to yield real business benefits, or have a positive impact on business strategy, tactics, and operations in the enterprises. This paper was

Lida Xu; Li Zeng; Zhongzhi Shi; Qing He; Maoguang Wang

2007-01-01

68

Adaptive business intelligence for an open negotiation environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering of negotiation model allows to develop effective heuristic for business intelligence. Digital ecosystems demand open negotiation models. To define in advance effective heuristics is not compliant with the requirement of openness. The new challenge is to develop business intelligence in advance exploiting an adaptive approach. The idea is to learn business strategy once new negotiation model rise in the

S. Aciar; P. Avesani; J. L. De la Rosa; N. Hormazabal; A. Serra

2009-01-01

69

New role-based access control in ubiquitous e-business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ubiquitous e-business is one of major topics in intelligent manufacturing systems. Ubiquitous e-business environment requires\\u000a security features including access control. Traditional access control models such as access control list (ACL), mandatory\\u000a access control (MAC), and role-based access control (RBAC) are unsuitable for a ubiquitous e-business environment because\\u000a they cannot satisfy its requirements. In this study, we propose a new access

Sejong Oh

2010-01-01

70

Introducing a framework to use SOA in business intelligence for real-time environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the expansion of information systems and facing with a mass of data and information, the existing business intelligence systems are not capable of meeting the requirements of real-time business environments. On the other hand, expansion of different application system environments has hardened integration and interoperability between them. Adoption of service-oriented architecture is one way to face with these

Jalileh Javanmard; Shahrouz Moaven; Jafar Habibi

2011-01-01

71

Wrestling with Objectivity and Fairness: U.S. Environment Reporters and the Business Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Environment reporters have been criticized for allegedly having an antibusiness bias. This study, based on a series of regional surveys including 364 U.S. environment reporters, found the journalists commonly used a business or economics framework for their stories. The reporters used some business organizations as sources more often than some…

Sachsman, David B.; Simon, James; Valenti, JoAnn Myer

2005-01-01

72

[Issues on business of genetic testing in near future].  

PubMed

Since 1990's, a business condition that company sells genetic testing services directly to consumers without through medical facility, so called "direct-to-consumers (DTC) genetic testing", has risen. They provide genetic testing for obesity, disease susceptibility or paternity, etc. There are serious problems in this kind of business. Most of the providers do not make sales with face-to-face selling, and do through internet instead. They do not provide genetic counseling by certified genetic counselor or clinical geneticist. Most DTC genetic testing services for disease susceptibility or predispositions including obesity, lack scientific validity, clinical validity and clinical utility. And also including paternity genetic testing, they all have risks of ethical legal and social issues (ELSI) in genetic discrimination and/or eugenics. The specific problem in Japan is that the healthcare section of the government still has not paid attention and not taken seriously the requirement to deploy safety net. PMID:19507514

Takada, Fumio

2009-06-01

73

When Business Models Go Bad: The Music Industry's Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The music industry is an interesting example for how business models from the pre-Internet area can get into trouble in the new Internet-based economy. Since 2000, the music industry has suffered declining sales, and very often this is attributed to the advent of the Internet-based peer-to-peer file sharing programs. We argue that this explanation is only one of several possible

Erik Wilde; Jacqueline Schwerzmann

2004-01-01

74

The responsible company of the future: reflective responsibility in business  

Microsoft Academic Search

The starting point of this paper is the fact that the one thing that is certain about the future is its uncertainty. While uncertainty has always been a constant of human life, the paper argues that due to technological and social developments, risk and uncertainty are going to be defining features that companies of the future will have to deal

Bernd Carsten Stahl

2005-01-01

75

Object Oriented Business Process Modelling in RFID Applied Computing Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a tracking technology, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is now widely applied to enhance the context awareness of enterprise information systems. Such awareness provides great opportunities to facilitate business process automation and thereby improve operation efficiency and accuracy. With the aim to incorporate business logics into RFID-enabled applications, this book chapter addresses how RFID technologies impact current business process management and the characteristics of object-oriented business process modelling. This chapter first discusses the rationality and advantages of applying object-oriented process modelling in RFID applications, then addresses the requirements and guidelines for RFID data management and process modelling. Two typical solutions are introduced to further illustrate the modelling and incorporation of business logics/business processes into RFID edge systems. To demonstrate the applicability of these two approaches, a detailed case study is conducted within a distribution centre scenario.

Zhao, Xiaohui; Liu, Chengfei; Lin, Tao

76

Modeling Collaborative e-Business Processes in SME environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introducing process orientation to overcome the functional-oriented organizational structure was the main concern within enterprise during the last decade. The next wave of process-oriented enterprises deals with cross- organization business processes characterized by high automation effort and supported by a wide penetration of e-Business technologies. In this work, we analyze the requirements of modeling collaborative e-Business processes taking into account

Volker Hoyer

2008-01-01

77

Acquiring Business English in a Quasi-Natural Business Environment: A Method of Teaching Business English to Students of Business and Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses a method of organizing Business English studies for students who learn it as a foreign language at schools of business and universities outside English-speaking countries. These students typically lack both previous practical experience in business and opportunities to watch business being done in English or to participate…

Tarnopolsky, Oleg; Kozhushko, Svitlana

2003-01-01

78

Future trends in the wireless multimedia environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main steps of the evolution from the current heterogeneous wireless networks towards the future integrated-services multimedia network are highlighted in the paper. In particular, the development of mobile networks from second to third generation is considered, and the vision beyond third generation is given together with the related major technical challenges.

Ramjee Prasad; Marina Ruggieri

2003-01-01

79

OECD Work on Future Educational Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designing school buildings to respond to change is not a new idea. But perhaps what is different today is the kind and degree of change which we have to anticipate. The OECD is carrying out projects that can help in the planning and design of future educational facilities--exploring trends in education and studying innovative learning…

Theisens, Henno; Benavides, Francisco; Dumont, Hanna

2008-01-01

80

The semantic web: a catalyst for future e-business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to advance research that portrays the semantic web as the future web where computer software agents can carry out sophisticated tasks for users. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper discusses the major factors that affect the performance and reliability of information services for the web, namely the distribution of information, which has resulted from the globalization of

Janet K. Durgin; Joseph S. Sherif

2008-01-01

81

A Future for Undergraduate Education in UK Business Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anyone interested in the future or current state of undergraduate education would gain something from picking up a slim-volumed and rather dull-looking book entitled "Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professoriate" by American academic, Ernest Boyer. In a matter of only 81 pages, Boyer delivers a critically damning assessment of the…

Goatman, Anna; Medway, Dominic

2011-01-01

82

Creating a Company: An Environment for Business Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Develops technical writing skills by organizing the class as a "company." Class activities include forming the company, defining the product, and completing exercises and situations in internal and external business communication. (RL)|

Losano, Wayne; Snyder, Steve

1977-01-01

83

A multicriteria approach to the XP release plan that maximizes business performance in uncertain environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a multi-criteria method to evaluate the value of XP release plans to business. The method, which is based upon software minimum marketable features, information economics, risk analysis and stochastic modeling, helps XP practitioners to select the release plan that maximizes business performance in an uncertain environment, with considerable consequences for the use of information technology as a

Marcelo Carvalho Fernandes; Antonio Juarez Alencar; Eber Assis Schmitz; Carlos Henrique Alves; Armando Leite Ferreira

2008-01-01

84

Culture and international business: recent advances and their implications for future research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides a state-of-the-art review of several innovative advances in culture and international business (IB) to stimulate new avenues for future research. We first review the issues surrounding cultural convergence and divergence, and the processes underlying cultural changes. We then examine novel constructs for characterizing cultures, and how to enhance the precision of cultural models by pinpointing when cultural

Kwok Leung; Rabi S Bhagat; Nancy R Buchan; Miriam Erez; Cristina B Gibson

2005-01-01

85

Assessments of alternative energy\\/environment futures in Wisconsin  

Microsoft Academic Search

A set of three long-term alternative Energy\\/Environment futures for the State of Wisconsin is presented. Each future is developed within a framework of policies and assumptions about population growth, economic activity, urban structure, technology of energy use, energy supply systems, and pollution control strategies. Policy issues are examined by comparing the scenario results and their sensitivity to varying parameters. The

W. A. Buehring; J. S. Buehring; R. L. Dennis; W. K. Foell; M. E. Hanson

1977-01-01

86

The enterprise of crime and terror – the implication for good business : Looking to the future – old and new threats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider some possible future trends or developments in the fight against organised crime and the terrorist operating ostensibly within the business sphere, in the light of the threats, both present and future that such criminal activity poses, for society and for business activity in the UK. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper outlines

Gary Scanlan

2006-01-01

87

Improving SMEs business environment using innovative ICT technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper intents to present new developments, based on last generation IT technologies, that offer small and medium enterprises intelligent ecosystems through which they develop their services and products in a well-balanced manner, based on information security, privacy, equal opportunities. Such a system that embeds competitive Web sites, Internet communication, ebusiness, ecommerce is generically named a digital business ecosystem

G. Spiridon; D. Dichiu

2008-01-01

88

ETHICAL PERCEPTIONS AND ETHICAL ENVIRONMENT IN SMALL BUSINESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on a survey in the United States of ethical perceptions in firms having fewer than 1,000 employees. Respondents gave ethical evaluations of sixteen business situations. Their responses showed greater disapproval than approval of described ethically questionable behaviors. Little difference was found in responses among three subgroups of firms- -those having fewer than 100, 100 to 499, and

Justin G. LONGENECKER; Joseph A. McKINNEY; Carlos W. MOORE

1994-01-01

89

Privatization and militarization in the space business environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Space business competition is presently fueled by two paradoxical phenomena. First, accelerated privatization of space projects leads to the militarization of outer space. Second, this militarization process in turn leads to the increased control of space ventures by a handful of nations. In other words, commerce and the military are going hand in hand to assert national objectives in outer

Patrick A. Salin

2001-01-01

90

Between Intelligence and Espionage in the Contemporary Business Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing use of technology as a fundamental tool for knowledge management has obliged the business world to adapt to the information revolution era. Competitive intelligence is the new management tool companies are using for ensuring positive results both on the short and the long term. The following research paper starts by revealing the needs that companies respond to when

Oana-Antonia Colibasanu

2008-01-01

91

Sustainable business versus sustainable environment: a case study of the Hong Kong shark fin business  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to use the shark fin business in Hong Kong as a case to illustrate its challenge to international sustainability and global environmental governance. Regarding the commercial fishing of sharks and the degradation of the species, the paper begins with a survey of characteristics of sharks in the world and the responses from the international environmental agents. The

Gordon C. K. Cheung; Chak Yan Chang

2003-01-01

92

Work Practices and Cooperation in a Near Future and Far Future Operational Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter describes activities at the OECD Halden Reactor Project related to human performance issues associated with upgrades\\u000a and future plant designs. Special emphasis is given to work practices and cooperation between operators in a near and a far\\u000a future perspective. The paragraph on near future operational environments is based on the Work Practices research program,\\u000a which focuses on challenges

Magnhild Kaarstad; Espen Nystad; Stine Strand

93

Know Your Parent Organization and Your Business Environment–Criteria for Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

The culture and structure of each organization are unique. A successful fee-based service will take into account the critical features of its own organization, understanding that strong internal support will be vital for long-term success. Whether the business environment is local, regional, or global, an information provider must understand the overall needs of that environment and be able to satisfy

Una M. Gourlay

2000-01-01

94

Business Environment Scanner for Senior Managers: Towards Active Executive Support with Intelligent Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A good knowledge and understanding of the business environment is a basic premise for strategic management. A system that is able to help managers actively scan the environment will contribute to active executive support. This paper examines the relevance of the intelligent software agent approach in environmental scanning activities and exploits ways that an agent can help in accomplishing scanning

Shuhua Liu

1998-01-01

95

Precision Information Environments Envisioning the future of emergency management  

ScienceCinema

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are developing future work environments for the emergency management community called Precision Information Environments (or PIEs). PIEs will provide tailored access to information and decision support capabilities in a system that supports the multiple user roles, contexts, and phases of emergency management, planning, and response. This video gives you a look at one vision for the future. To view an annotated version that describes each of the technology concepts you'll see as well as the end user needs that motivated them and the research challenges that must be addressed to make them a reality visit http://precisioninformation.org.

96

Collaborative Technology for Facilitating Progressive Inquiry: Future Learning Environment Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of a web-based, networked learning environment, Future Learning Environment Tools (FLE-Tools) embodies a model of progressive inquiry. In this paper, we introduce the progressive inquiry model and describe how different modules FLE- Tools are designed to facilitate participation in this kind of inquiry. Results of a pilot experiment of using FLE-Tools in higher education are presented. The study

Hanni Muukkonen; Kai Hakkarainen; Minna Lakkala

1999-01-01

97

The Future of Animal Agriculture and the Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this presentation is to set the stage for establishing a vision for the future of animal agriculture and the environment. This is a daunting task because of so many factors that will play a role in the years ahead. These factors include environmental regulations; eating trends of the public; economics of production; food safety; international competition; and

Richard Hegg

98

Dynamic service definition in the future mixed surveillance environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple sensor management in an air traffic control application. The future Air Traffic SurveiIlance environment is expected to be heterogeneous and include new types of Data Sources capable of transmitting aircraft derived data directly extracted from the avionics. The Dynamic Service Definition function (DSD) has to establish contracts with the new data sources in order to serve air derived information

C. M. Rekkas; J.-M. Duflot; P. Van Der Kraan; J.-C. Rassou

2000-01-01

99

Optimization of a Future RLV Business Case using Multiple Strategic Market Prices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a lack of depth in the current paradigm of conceptual level economic models used to evaluate the value and viability of future capital projects such as a commercial reusable launch vehicle (RLV). Current modeling methods assume a single price is charged to all customers, public or private, in order to optimize the economic metrics of interest. This assumption may not be valid given the different utility functions for space services of public and private entities. The government's requirements are generally more inflexible than its commercial counterparts. A government's launch schedules are much more rigid, choices of international launch services restricted, and launch specifications generally more stringent as well as numerous. These requirements generally make the government's demand curve more inelastic. Subsequently, a launch vehicle provider will charge a higher price (launch price per kg) to the government and may obtain a higher level of financial profit compared to an equivalent a commercial payload. This profit is not a sufficient condition to enable RLV development by itself but can help in making the financial situation slightly better. An RLV can potentially address multiple payload markets; each market has a different price elasticity of demand for both the commercial and government customer. Thus, a more resilient examination of the economic landscape requires optimization of multiple prices in which each price affects a different demand curve. Such an examination is performed here using the Cost and Business Analysis Module (CABAM), an MS-Excel spreadsheet-based model that attempts to couple both the demand and supply for space transportation services in the future. The demand takes the form of market assumptions (both near-term and far-term) and the supply comes from user-defined vehicles that are placed into the model. CABAM represents RLV projects as commercial endeavors with the possibility to model the effects of government contribution, tax-breaks, loan guarantees, etc. The optimization performed here is for a 3rd Generation RLV program. The economic metric being optimized (maximized) is Net Present Value (NPV) based upon a given company financial structure and cost of capital assumptions. Such an optimization process demands more sophisticated optimizers and can result in non-unique solutions/local minimums if using gradient-based optimization. Domain spanning/evolutionary algorithms are used to obtain the optimized solution in the design space. These capabilities generally increase model calculation time but incorporate realistic pricing portfolios than just assuming one unified price for all launch markets. This analysis is conducted with CABAM running in Phoenix Integration's ModelCenter 4.0 collaborative design environment using the SpaceWorks Engineering, Inc. (SEI) OptWorks suite of optimization components.

Charania, A.; Olds, J. R.

2002-01-01

100

Future reef decalcification under a business-as-usual CO2 emission scenario.  

PubMed

Increasing atmospheric partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) is a major threat to coral reefs, but some argue that the threat is mitigated by factors such as the variability in the response of coral calcification to acidification, differences in bleaching susceptibility, and the potential for rapid adaptation to anthropogenic warming. However the evidence for these mitigating factors tends to involve experimental studies on corals, as opposed to coral reefs, and rarely includes the influence of multiple variables (e.g., temperature and acidification) within regimes that include diurnal and seasonal variability. Here, we demonstrate that the inclusion of all these factors results in the decalcification of patch-reefs under business-as-usual scenarios and reduced, although positive, calcification under reduced-emission scenarios. Primary productivity was found to remain constant across all scenarios, despite significant bleaching and coral mortality under both future scenarios. Daylight calcification decreased and nocturnal decalcification increased sharply from the preindustrial and control conditions to the future scenarios of low (reduced emissions) and high (business-as-usual) increases in pCO2. These changes coincided with deeply negative carbonate budgets, a shift toward smaller carbonate sediments, and an increase in the abundance of sediment microbes under the business-as-usual emission scenario. Experimental coral reefs demonstrated highest net calcification rates and lowest rates of coral mortality under preindustrial conditions, suggesting that reef processes may not have been able to keep pace with the relatively minor environmental changes that have occurred during the last century. Taken together, our results have serious implications for the future of coral reefs under business-as-usual environmental changes projected for the coming decades and century. PMID:24003127

Dove, Sophie G; Kline, David I; Pantos, Olga; Angly, Florent E; Tyson, Gene W; Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove

2013-09-03

101

Future reef decalcification under a business-as-usual CO2 emission scenario  

PubMed Central

Increasing atmospheric partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) is a major threat to coral reefs, but some argue that the threat is mitigated by factors such as the variability in the response of coral calcification to acidification, differences in bleaching susceptibility, and the potential for rapid adaptation to anthropogenic warming. However the evidence for these mitigating factors tends to involve experimental studies on corals, as opposed to coral reefs, and rarely includes the influence of multiple variables (e.g., temperature and acidification) within regimes that include diurnal and seasonal variability. Here, we demonstrate that the inclusion of all these factors results in the decalcification of patch-reefs under business-as-usual scenarios and reduced, although positive, calcification under reduced-emission scenarios. Primary productivity was found to remain constant across all scenarios, despite significant bleaching and coral mortality under both future scenarios. Daylight calcification decreased and nocturnal decalcification increased sharply from the preindustrial and control conditions to the future scenarios of low (reduced emissions) and high (business-as-usual) increases in pCO2. These changes coincided with deeply negative carbonate budgets, a shift toward smaller carbonate sediments, and an increase in the abundance of sediment microbes under the business-as-usual emission scenario. Experimental coral reefs demonstrated highest net calcification rates and lowest rates of coral mortality under preindustrial conditions, suggesting that reef processes may not have been able to keep pace with the relatively minor environmental changes that have occurred during the last century. Taken together, our results have serious implications for the future of coral reefs under business-as-usual environmental changes projected for the coming decades and century.

Dove, Sophie G.; Kline, David I.; Pantos, Olga; Angly, Florent E.; Tyson, Gene W.; Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove

2013-01-01

102

The Milan-Marseille Future Astronomical Software Environment Prototype  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European OPTICON Network 3.6, in collaboration with theUS National Virtual Observatory, is working on the definition of requirements and general architecture of a new scalable and interoperable software environment. Such environment, named the Future Astronomical Software Environment (FASE), is intended to be a common platform for data reduction and analysis applications, supporting and exploiting (but not replacing) new technologies like Virtual Observatory and Grids. The advanced status of the study and design has led to the need of putting such ideas in a concrete form, implementing a first prototype. We present the FASE prototype developed by INAF-IASF Milano and LAM Marseille and the practical application of its engineering to the VIPGI data reduction package. We show the technologies adopted, the problems solved and to be tackled, and possible future developments.

Garilli, B.; Paioro, L.; Fenouillet, T.; Surace, C.

2007-10-01

103

The new business environment of latin america and the caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latin America and the Caribbean Region experienced dramatic changes in the 1990s. Politically, all but one country, are governed by a democratically elected government. Economically, import substitution industrialization policies (ISI) followed in the past, were replaced by liberalization programs aimed at reducing inflationary pressures and creating a competitive environment.The significant increase in capital flows to Latin America in one single

Harvey Arbelaez; Claudio Milman

2000-01-01

104

What do researchers know about the global business environment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Highlights the dearth of research on the range of issues surrounding the international environment and the impact on international marketing. Such issues concern trade and investment liberalization and protectionism, the role of multilateral institutions and the NGOs, and country, sector and company analyses. A research agenda is proposed. Suggests company studies (the impacts on the firm of the evolution of

Stephen Young

2001-01-01

105

Shape the future from today Reflections on business ethics teaching in Chinese MBA programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many Chinese business schools now include identifiable business ethics components, either as specific courses or as part of an ethics-across-the-curriculum approach. This paper examines the various reasons for the teaching of business ethics, addresses the challenges business schools are facing and recognizes the importance of business ethics teaching in MBA programs and suggestions on how to teach business ethics are

Xuefei Zhong

2011-01-01

106

Future Evolution of Virtual Worlds as Communication Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extensive experience creating locations and activities inside virtual worlds provides the basis for contemplating their future. Users of virtual worlds are diverse in their goals for these online environments; for example, immersionists want them to be alternative realities disconnected from real life, whereas augmentationists want them to be communication media supporting real-life activities. As the technology improves, the diversity of virtual worlds will increase along with their significance. Many will incorporate more advanced virtual reality, or serve as major media for long-distance collaboration, or become the venues for futurist social movements. Key issues are how people can create their own virtual worlds, travel across worlds, and experience a variety of multimedia immersive environments. This chapter concludes by noting the view among some computer scientists that future technologies will permit uploading human personalities to artificial intelligence avatars, thereby enhancing human beings and rendering the virtual worlds entirely real.

Prisco, Giulio

107

Character Development in Business Education: A Comparison of Coeducational and Single-Sex Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study questions the widely held assumption, particularly in the United States, that coeducation is best. Previous research supports the development of single-sex education for both female and male students. This study examines how the learning climate of the coeducation environment seems to affect the character development of female business

Davis, James H.; Ruhe, John; Lee, Monle; Rajadhyaksha, Ujvala

2011-01-01

108

Business Ethics Teaching: Using Conversational Learning to Build an Effective Classroom Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building an effective classroom learningenvironment requires that business ethicsteachers pay particular attention to creating aclassroom environment that values the ideasothers have to offer. This article discussesthe importance of conversational learning tobusiness ethics teaching for effectivelearning. The paper also considers thebusiness ethics teacher's role in using aconversational learning approach to teachingbusiness ethics and some learning processesused to create a classroom climate

Ronald R. Sims

2004-01-01

109

Franchising entry and control strategies in difficult and remote business environments: the case of Bulgaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uses experiences in Bulgaria to exemplify market entry and control strategies employed by franchisors in a business environment that is geographically and culturally remote from the West. Carries out interviews in 1996 with Bulgarian franchisors and franchisees to test a number of hypotheses relating to issues including the type of franchisor, system densities, market entry strategies and monitoring tactics. Identifies

Richard Beilock; Katherine Wilkinson; Vera Zlateva

1998-01-01

110

Impact of the internal business environment on knowledge management within construction organisations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Recent knowledge management (KM) literature suggests that KM activities are influenced by the elements of the internal business environment (BE) of organisations. This paper attempts to provide some unique insights into the contextual input of the KM process through empirically identifying the major factors (i.e. “forces”) within the internal BE of construction organisations operating in Hong Kong, and

Le Chen; Sherif Mohamed

2008-01-01

111

Second Life: A Computer Mediated Environment for Communication and E-Business Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Second Life is a computer mediated online virtual environment created by its residents or avatars in the form of 3D graphical representation. It is one of the latest innovations in information communication technology and has become a popular platform for communication, performing e-business and conducting numerous social activities and management practices. The real life people in the form of avatar

Sharma Gajendra; Wenjun Sun

2010-01-01

112

One Approach to Formulating and Evaluating Student Work Groups in Legal Environment of Business Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The principal focus of this study is an investigation of whether students' grade point average (GPA) is a viable criterion for forming student work groups in the undergraduate Legal Environment of Business course. More specifically, the research focuses on the impact of: (1) GPA-homogeneous (HO) and GPA-heterogeneous (HE) groups upon student…

Camara, Joan E.; Carr, B. Nathaniel; Grota, Barbara L.

2007-01-01

113

Objectives and architecture for a future data processing environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increasing amount of data available to astronomers demands efficient, scalable data processing systems for analysis. Most of the legacy systems (e.g. AIPS, Gipsy, IRAF, Miriad, MIDAS, Starlink) were designed for single-user desktop computers and offer only limited scalability. Furthermore, support for most of these systems has been reduced significantly in recent years. Whereas the VO initiative will provide easy, homogeneous access to data and computational services, there is also a need for a common software environment which astronomers can use on their desktop for local processing and development of new applications. The OPTICON network 3.6 and the US-NVO have started discussions on high-level requirements and architectural concepts for such a future astronomical software environment. This poster gives an overview of the current development of these discussions.

Grosbol, P.; Tody, D.; et al.

2006-08-01

114

Technology perspectives in the future exploration of extreme environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solar System exploration is driven by high priority science goals and objectives at diverse destinations, as described in the NRC Decadal Survey and in NASA's 2006 Solar System Exploration (SSE) Roadmap. Proposed missions to these targets encounter extreme environments, including high or low temperatures, high pressure, corrosion, high heat flux, radiation and thermal cycling. These conditions are often coupled, such as low temperature and high radiation at Europa; and high temperature and high pressure near the surface of Venus. Mitigation of these environmental conditions frequently reaches beyond technologies developed for terrestrial applications, for example, by the automotive and oil industries. Therefore, space agencies require dedicated technology developments to enable these future missions. Within NASA, proposed missions are divided into three categories. Competed small (Discovery class) and medium (New Frontiers class) missions are cost capped, thus limiting significant technology developments. Therefore, large (Flagship class) missions are required not only to tackle key science questions which can't be addressed by smaller missions, but also to develop mission enabling technologies that can feed forward to smaller missions as well. In a newly completed extreme environment technology assessment at NASA, we evaluated technologies from the current State of Practice (SoP) to advanced concepts for proposed missions over the next decades. Highlights of this report are discussed here, including systems architectures, such as hybrid systems; protection systems; high temperature electronics; power generation and storage; mobility technologies; sample acquisition and mechanisms; and the need to test these technologies in relevant environments. It is expected that the findings - documented in detail in NASA's Extreme Environments Technologies report - would help identifying future technology investment areas, and in turn enable or enhance planned SSE missions, while reducing mission cost and risk.

Cutts, J.; Balint, T.; Kolawa, El.; Peterson, C.

2007-08-01

115

Fighting Global Corruption: Business Risk Management. Information for Global Businesses and Organizations on Navigating the International Anticorruption Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Corruption: Why It Matters; Developing an Anticorruption Strategy: Detection and Prevention Measures for Businesses; General Elements of An Effective Corporate Compliance Program; Accountability - Good Governance Is Good for Businesses and Gover...

2000-01-01

116

Marketing P2–CP to business – past, present, and possible future  

Microsoft Academic Search

For over a decade, organizations involved in promoting pollution prevention\\/cleaner production (P2–CP) to businesses have been asking business managers to change the way they think. But perhaps the greatest adoption of P2–CP will occur when organizations take advantage of the way business managers already think, using strategies of business-to-business (B2B) marketing. In this paper, we trace the evolution of P2–CP

Thomas J. Bierma; Frank L. Waterstraat

2008-01-01

117

Organizational Strategy and Business Environment Effects Based on a Computation Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to many researchers of organizational theory, a great number of problems encountered by the manufacturing firms are due to their ineffectiveness to respond to significant changes of their external environment and align their competitive strategy accordingly. From this point of view, the pursuit of the appropriate generic strategy is vital for firms facing a dynamic and highly competitive environment. In the present paper, we adopt Porter's typology to operationalise organizational strategy (cost leadership, innovative and marketing differentiation, and focus) considering changes in the external business environment (dynamism, complexity and munificence). Although simulation of social events is a quite difficult task, since there are so many considerations (not all well understood) involved, in the present study we developed a dynamic system based on the conceptual framework of strategy-environment associations.

Reklitis, Panagiotis; Konstantopoulos, Nikolaos; Trivellas, Panagiotis

2007-12-01

118

Business & Education: Partners for the Future. A Resource Publication for: Business/Chambers of Commerce/Education and Community Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written on the premises that long-term economic growth is tied directly to the performance of public education and that the U.S. educational system is in crisis, this book encourages increased business involvement in a community-wide response to improve education at all levels. Chapter I offers an overview of contemporary educational problems in…

Martin, Robert L.

119

[Management qualifications for academic surgeons in the future: what can we learn from business administration?].  

PubMed

Health is a fundamental resource for social and economic development. Greater human development implies that people live longer and enjoy good health for a greater number of years. Healthcare systems should adapt to the new challenges posed by health: a sharp increase in population aging, the demand for more appropriate and transparent management, increased patient expectations, rising costs, and the emergence of ever more challenging economic contexts. At the vanguard of surgical development, surgical units in university hospitals play a fundamental role in the future of surgery and are therefore responsible for coping efficiently with these changes. To do this, effective surgical leaders are required. However, this poses the problem of how these future surgical leaders should be trained so that their training can be controlled and proactively influenced in advance. The present article reviews the arguments and need for management training among general surgeons, as well as knowledge of this process and its results. To maintain first-class healthcare and provide the most advanced medical education and biomedical research, modern surgical units in university hospitals will require effective surgical leaders. To train these modern leaders, business management programs are essential, both in undergraduate education and in specialized surgical training. PMID:16753116

Büchler, Peter; Martin, David; Büchler, Markus W

2006-05-01

120

The Future of New England. 1987 Survey of Business, Government and Higher Education Leaders. State by State Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information from the 1987 Future of New England survey is presented, gaining the perspectives of the region's business, higher education, and government leaders about five major areas of concern to the New England states: economic growth, internationalization of the economy, education and training, environmental concerns, and public policy…

New England Board of Higher Education, Boston, MA.

121

Designing flexible business information system for modern-day business requirement changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's competitive business environment, business requirements often experience changes at a rapid pace. Coping with requirements changes has long been recognized to be a major problem. The challenge is how to make business information systems flexible so that they can support not only current requirements but also a range of future ones. This paper presents a number of techniques

A. Al Kalbani; Kinh Nguyen

2010-01-01

122

Business and the Future: Towards a New Paradigm Based on Yoga  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business is a representative institution of our times; it represents the spirit of our age. Modern business in general has displaced a remarkable ability to change. But the change yet to come will be something unprecedented. What is the nature of this change? What is the type of vision and sirategy that will help business as a social institution, and

M. S. Srinivasan

2004-01-01

123

Effects of Enron on Future Russian Business Leaders: A Time Line Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Russia has emerged as a new capitalistic country with a prior history of corruption under the state controlled regime. Will word of corruption in America stop efforts for an ethical business climate in the new Russia? Has the Enron scandal affected Russian views of business? In pursuit of the answer, the authors surveyed Russian business students…

Ludlum, Marty; Moskalionov, Sergei

2008-01-01

124

Effects of Enron on Future Russian Business Leaders: A Time Line Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Russia has emerged as a new capitalistic country with a prior history of corruption under the state controlled regime. Will word of corruption in America stop efforts for an ethical business climate in the new Russia? Has the Enron scandal affected Russian views of business? In pursuit of the answer, the authors surveyed Russian business students…

Ludlum, Marty; Moskalionov, Sergei

2008-01-01

125

Current research trends and directions for future research in trust maintenance for virtual environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trust is widely acknowledged as being important for the efficient and effective operation of business in virtual environments. This is because trust functions like a glue that holds and links virtual agents together as they relate and collaborate remotely. In virtual environments, trust needs to be established swiftly as there is little time to build it gradually in the absence

Olivia Fachrunnisa; Farookh Khadeer Hussain; Elizabeth Chang

2009-01-01

126

Can a Business and Society course affect the ethical judgment of future managers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a four year study to measure the effect of a Business and Society course on the ethical judgment of students. The research involves a matched pre\\/post survey with control design, with the Business and Society course functioning as the treatment variable. The subjects were undergraduate and graduate (M.B.A.) business students (n=460). The answer to

James R. Glenn

1992-01-01

127

The Chinese environment satellite mission status and future plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on China white paper "China's Space Activities in 2006", the five-year plan (2006-2010) of China earth observation plan, one of them is to form 24 hours, differential-resolution environmental system for stable operation, step by step. In this paper, the status of Chinese environment satellite mission is introduced, including meteorological satellite series, ocean satellite series and disaster satellite series. The update properties of meteorological polar satellite FY-1D, FY-3A, and geostationary satellite FY-2C and FY-2D and ocean satellite of HY-1B as well as HJ constellation of disaster small satellites, which are in orbits for operation, will described in detail. The plan of satellite and their main payloads are discussed. There are three kinds of satellite missions for environmental monitoring in China before 2020, including meteorological satellites (10 satellites), ocean observation satellites (13 satellites) and disaster monitoring satellite constellation (8 satellites). For meteorological satellite series, following FY-2D, FY-2E/F/G are planed to be launched every 2 years from 2010. Following the FY-3A, the FY-3B will be launched in 2010 which are experimental phase). The FY-3C/D/E...(operational phase) are planed, total 9 satellites which will be launched every 2 years from 2013. FY-4 is proposed to have two separate series that are the optics remote sensing series and microwave remote sensing series. For rapid response to national marine environmental protection, development of marine resources, coastal zones survey, management of marine resources, polar study and research etc, China plans to launch HY-1C/D, HY-1E/F and HY-1G/H every two years from 2011, and the HY-2 A/B/C/D and HY-3A/B and CFOSAT are planed to launch. China plans to launch disaster monitoring satellite constellation consisted of two optical satellites and one SAR satellite in coming year, called the "2+1" project, and also another 4 optical satellites and 4 SAR satellites near future ("4+4"). The paper shows that China pays very attention to development of satellites for benefit environment monitoring.

Pan, Delu; Gong, Fang; Chen, Jianyu

2009-09-01

128

Services and Perspectives Towards the Future SEC Data Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The next advances in Sun-Earth Connections (SEC) / Solar-Terrestrial science require an increasingly integrated and transparent data environment, where data can be easily accessed and used across the boundaries of both missions and traditional disciplines. The Coordinated Data Analysis [Workshop] Web (CDAWeb) and Satellite Situation Center Web (SSCWeb), critically supported by the Common Data Format (CDF) effort, are important current examples suggestive of the scope and functionality needed in the future and are among the first working prototypes for delivering the class of integrated, multi-mission data view essential to the programs like Living with a Star (LWS). CDAWeb supports graphics and data retrieval from a unique database of current multi-mission Sun-Earth-Connections (SEC) data. The Satellite Situation Center Web (SSCWeb) serves satellite orbits and various multi-mission conjunctions queries. Both are supported by CDF as the underlying standard format and a range of working utilities. As one part of this paper, we will present the capabilities, accomplishments and evolutionary directions for CDAWeb and SSCWeb and their technologies. But building on this background and our overall role as a center for SEC active science data archiving, we will also review a broader range of issues and challenges towards a more comprehensive approach to data management and data services planning across the disciplines and missions of SEC Supported by the NASA Office of Space Science, CDAWeb, SSCWeb and CDF are joint efforts of the NASA GSFC Space Physics Data Facility (SPDF) and the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC). Please also see related presentations in this session on CDF and the new "TIPSOD" SOAP-based enhancements to SSCWeb.

McGuire, R. E.; Burley, R. J.; Candey, R. M.; Chimiak, R. A.; Fung, S. F.; Green, J. L.; Harris, B. T.; Hills, H. K.; Johnson, R. C.; Kessel, R. L.; Klipsch, C. A.; Kovalick, T. J.; Leckner, H. A.

2002-12-01

129

Race, Hispanic Ethnicity, and the Future of the College Business Major in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a sample of 4,541 college students, when other characteristics are held constant, Asians and non-Hispanic blacks are less likely and Hispanics more likely to major in business than non-Hispanic whites. If population trends continue and Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks make socioeconomic advances, the number of business majors overall may…

Leppel, Karen

2001-01-01

130

Using Business Games to Prepare eCommerce Students for Future Employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the challenges facing those business educators involved in preparing students for employment in business, particularly from an eCommerce perspective. The paper proposes and evaluates one approach currently being used by Swinburne University both from an educators, students, and potential employees' viewpoint. It is argued that whilst most students aim is to pass the subject so they

C. J MARSHALL

131

Developing dairy farmer business management competence through the Preferred Future workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the wealth of information freely available via a range of media, farmers lack both confidence and many of the capabilities to develop their own written strategic business plans. The fact that most farmers do not have a formal strategic plan for their business is testimony to this. Information per se is unlikely to be constraining individuals in completing this

J. D. Stantiall; W. J. Parker; Nicola M. Shadbolt

1999-01-01

132

The case for regulatory reform in the business and healthcare environments.  

PubMed

Government regulations affect corporations and consumers on a daily basis. For example, environmental and safety regulations in the workplace are administrated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) under the Department of Labor. OSHA sets and enforces standards in work environment to ensure the safety and health of workers. Other regulatory agencies, such as the National Highway and Transportation Agency (NHTSA), oversee the transportation and the safety of the automobile and truck industry. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) plays a major role in approving new drugs on the market and in monitoring drug safety, and it has the power to remove drugs from the market if they are proved to be safety and health problems to the public. However, the mere existence of these regulations often causes impediments to businesses, and the extent of their ultimate usefulness is examined and analyzed in this paper PMID:20099583

Younis, Mustafa Z; Barhem, Belal; Hamidi, Samir; Inungu, Joseph; Prater, Gwendolyn S; O'Keefe, Arthur

2009-01-01

133

Web 2.0 and BusinessA pointer to the intranets of the future?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the application of Web 2.0 technologies to business intranets, and their potential use in managing and developing business information and knowledge assets. Considers how Web 2.0 approaches on the public web are subtly reshaping the relationship between users and information. Argues that Web 2.0 is not a technological innovation, but is changing the understanding of the status of information,

Luke Tredinnick

2006-01-01

134

17 CFR 240.3a43-1 - Customer-related government securities activities incidental to the futures-related business of a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Customer-related government securities activities incidental to the futures-related business of a futures commission merchant registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. 240.3a43-1 Section 240.3a43-1 Commodity and Securities...

2010-04-01

135

CONFIGURATIONS OF SMALL AND MICRO BUSINESSES IN ZIMBABWE AND SUCCESS: STRATEGIES, THE FIRM, AND THE ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diversity in the small business sector and the large number of factors impacting business success has led entrepreneurship researchers to question the value of investigating universal success relations. In this study we propose a configurational individual level approach to the understanding of success in small businesses, modeling success as the fit between multiple components relevant to entrepreneurship. In cluster analyses

Jens M. Unger

136

Reneging: A Topic to Promote Engaging Discussions about Law and Ethics in a Business Law or Legal Environment Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is intended for business law and legal environment instructors who want to help students understand how they might react when presented with an ethical conflict, no matter how big or how small. The article discusses not only the compelling ethical issues that may arise in reneging cases, but also legal issues. The article provides…

Murphy, Tonia Hap

2009-01-01

137

Employment Law, Negotiation, and the Business Environment: A Cooperative Collective Bargaining Negotiation of the National Hockey League Lockout of 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Employment law is a "must-cover" subject in business environment courses. Comparing the plethora of topics requiring coverage with the limited time devoted to employment law during a typical academic term, other important employment subjects--such as negotiation and collective bargaining--commonly receive short shrift. This article offers a…

Ciocchetti, Corey A.

2008-01-01

138

Effects of Work Environment on Transfer of Training: Empirical Evidence from Master of Business Administration Programs in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Practical application of newly gained knowledge and skills, also referred to as transfer of training, is an issue of great concern in training issues generally and in Master of Business Administration (MBA) programs particularly. This empirical study examined the influence of the trainees' work environment on their transfer of training, taking…

Pham, Nga T. P.; Segers, Mien S. R.; Gijselaers, Wim H.

2013-01-01

139

Future Skill Needs Assessment of Selected Metropolitan Milwaukee Business and Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In spring 1983, a study was commissioned by Milwaukee Area Technical College (MATC) to identify the skills that would be needed by local businesses and industries within the next 5 to 7 years due to technological changes. Interviews were conducted with 25 deans, associate deans, and instructors at MATC and with representatives from 39 area firms.…

Human Resource Services, Milwaukee, WI.

140

Measuring Future Worker Productivity via Business Email Message Creation: Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This research was conducted to determine if relationships exist among college students' business email message productivity score and (a) email message quality score, (b) text keying method used to create email message, and (c) self-reported college English grade. Background: Email is increasingly the communication channel preferred…

Hagler, Barbara E.; Erthal, Margaret; Walzer, Dona; Anderson, Marcia A.

2009-01-01

141

Preparing a Prosperous Future: Promoting Culture and Business Through Bilingual Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an ambitious educational program uniting the efforts of Swiss, German, and French business associations, corporations, government agencies, and regional school boards in the Upper Rhine Valley, where economy and culture transcend national borders. The objectives of the program are to promote bilingualism, to teach the young…

Vance, Christine Wallgren

2004-01-01

142

Using Reference Models for Business Engineering - State-of-the-Art and Future Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conceptual models play an increasingly important role in all phases of the information systems life cycle. For instance, they are used for business process engineering, information systems development, and customizing of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. Despite conceptual modeling being a vital instrument for developing information systems, the modeling process often is resource-consuming and faulty. As a way to overcome

Peter Fettke; Peter Loos

2006-01-01

143

Minding Our Own Business: Local Retail Establishments and the Future of Southern Civic Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The civic community perspective focuses on local social and economic institutions that buffer communities from external, often global forces. Important community organizations such as locally oriented business establishments, civic organizations, associations, and churches are emphasized. These critical entities are posited to benefit a…

Tolbert, Charles M., II

2005-01-01

144

Future trends in distributed applications and problem-solving environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Grid computing technologies and infrastructures are being developed, suitable ab- stractions, methods, and tools will become necessary to enable application development, and software development of the components of Grid Computing Environments. Grid Computing will enable distributed applications with large numbers of involved components with dynamic interactions. This requires new approaches to understand and manage structure and behaviour, and the

José C. Cunha; Omer F. Rana; Pedro D. Medeiros

2005-01-01

145

Healthy Schools, Healthy Futures: The Case for Improving School Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book addresses the school as a worksite for faculty, staff, and administrators; as a learning site for students; and as an important site for creating a healthy, productive environment. Born out of a commitment to health education as an essential strategy for maintaining public health, this book contends that the physical condition of the…

Henderson, Alan C.

146

Space debris environment monitoring fence: techniques and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early warning of debris impact makes it necessary to detect and, if possible, catalog all threatening debris. Space debris environment monitoring fence is an attractive option for the requirement. This kind of fence can detect each object passing through its beam with no task planning. It has significant capabilities to detect new launchings, maneuvers and breakups. This paper depicts the

Zhengxin Song; Weidong Hu; Wenxian Yu

2005-01-01

147

The potential environment: Home, technology, and future aging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two issues of technology and aging that need to be resolved before potential residential environments for older adults become habitable are (a) the extent to which technological advances that would support habitability are user-friendly to this population and (b) the extent to which retrofits or inclusions in new architecture are affordable. The notion that older people are uncomfortable with new

Sandra C. Howell

1994-01-01

148

Services and Perspectives Towards the Future SEC Data Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The next advances in Sun-Earth Connections (SEC) \\/ Solar-Terrestrial science require an increasingly integrated and transparent data environment, where data can be easily accessed and used across the boundaries of both missions and traditional disciplines. The Coordinated Data Analysis [Workshop] Web (CDAWeb) and Satellite Situation Center Web (SSCWeb), critically supported by the Common Data Format (CDF) effort, are important current

R. E. McGuire; R. J. Burley; R. M. Candey; R. A. Chimiak; S. F. Fung; J. L. Green; B. T. Harris; H. K. Hills; R. C. Johnson; R. L. Kessel; C. A. Klipsch; T. J. Kovalick; H. A. Leckner

2002-01-01

149

Georges Bank: Past, Present, and Future of a Marine Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book is composed of a series of lectures given at the New England Aquarium in early 1980. The intent of these lectures was to summarize the issues of ecology, resource management, and law relating to the Georges Bank. Their underlying theme concerns the controversy of whether or not the bank can support both its present fishery and its oil and gas production. In the sense that interest in oil exploration has since subsided, the book is somewhat outdated. Nevertheless, it presents a very readable overview of one of the world's most productive environments, an environment that provides an excellent example of the economic and ecological problems that can result from misuse of its resources.

Hopkins, Tom Sawyer

150

One earth, one future. Our changing global environment  

SciTech Connect

This book reports on deforestation, ozone depletion, global warming, and other matters concerning the global environment. From the perspective that humankind is an increasingly powerful agent changing the planet, the volume describes the Earth as a unified system - exploring the interactions between the atmosphere, land, and water and the snowballing impact that human activity is having on the system - and points out the seemingly paradoxical need for economic growth to alleviate such global environmental problems.

Silver, C.S.; Defries, R.S.

1990-12-31

151

International Space Environment Service: Current Activities and Future Plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Space Environment Service ISES is a permanent service of the Federations of Astronomical and Geophysical Data Analysis Services FAGS with the mission to encourage and facilitate near-real-time international monitoring and prediction of the space environment This is done through the work of Regional Warning Centres RWC around the world who collaborate in the exploitation of a wide range of space-based and ground-based data Rapid exchange of information about the space environment is facilitated through the use of standard URSIgram codes RWCs also collaborate in sharing expertise in particular areas of specialty ISES also prepares the International Geophysical Calendar IGC each year giving a list of World Days during which scientists are encouraged to carry out their experiments and the monthly Spacewarn Bulletins which summarize the status of satellites in earth orbit and in the interplanetary medium ISES has its origins in the former URSI Central Committee of USRIgrams which initiated rapid international data interchange services in 1928 The modern system of regional warning centres was set up during the International Geophysical Year and now exist in every populated continent except Africa and South America ISES as part of its IGY 50 activities is working to develop RWCs in those continents ISES is also involved in developing new multi-national space weather services for example for trans-polar flights New space-based data on space weather activity will require extensive collaboration if it is to be

Boteler, D. H.; H. Lundstedt, H.; Kunches, J.; Coffey, H.; Hilgers, A.; Patterson, G.; van der Linden, R.; Lam, H.-L.; Wang, H.; Buresova, D.; et al.

152

Design of Future Airbreathing Engine Systems within an Intelligent Synthesis Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes a new Initiative proposed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The purpose of this initiative is to develop a future design environment for engineering and science mission synthesis for use by NASA scientists a...

J. B. Malone J. K. Lytle J. M. Housner

1999-01-01

153

Incorporating the effects of business environment in investment analyses of service platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyzing business models of service platforms and calculating their financial estimates is a complex task, depending heavily on the quality of the input data. This paper is assessing whether the techno-business analysis [1-3], scenario and driver-based modeling techniques and real option models can be intuitively combined, for use in business analyses and management of service platforms. This paper provides: (1)

Josip Zoric; C. M. Paulsen; M. Brummenæs

2010-01-01

154

An Empirical Study of Future Professionals’ Intentions to Engage in Unethical Business Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sought to test whether student demographics (gender, age, religion, type of degree and number of courses done containing\\u000a ethics) influenced the likelihood of engaging in unethical business practices. The study involved the use of a questionnaire\\u000a being administered to a sample of 231 undergraduate students in Barbados. It was found that gender, religiousness, type of\\u000a degree and number

Dwayne Devonish; Philmore A. Alleyne; Cheryl Cadogan-McClean; Dion Greenidge

2009-01-01

155

Sample environments at IPNS: present and future capabilities  

SciTech Connect

Argonne's Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, IPNS, was dedicated as a major user-oriented neutron scattering facility two years ago. Most instruments are now equipped to provide for sample environments in the temperature range 1.5 < T < 1300K. A special facility provides T < 1mK, and another provides pressures to 30kbar. Several environmental equipment designs are described that emphasize time-of-flight technique. Methods for achieving time-resolved experiments which take advantage of the IPNS pulsed source characteristics are discussed. 6 references, 7 figures.

Faber, J. Jr.

1984-02-01

156

The future of seawater desalination: energy, technology, and the environment.  

PubMed

In recent years, numerous large-scale seawater desalination plants have been built in water-stressed countries to augment available water resources, and construction of new desalination plants is expected to increase in the near future. Despite major advancements in desalination technologies, seawater desalination is still more energy intensive compared to conventional technologies for the treatment of fresh water. There are also concerns about the potential environmental impacts of large-scale seawater desalination plants. Here, we review the possible reductions in energy demand by state-of-the-art seawater desalination technologies, the potential role of advanced materials and innovative technologies in improving performance, and the sustainability of desalination as a technological solution to global water shortages. PMID:21817042

Elimelech, Menachem; Phillip, William A

2011-08-01

157

Acid in the environment: lessons learned and future prospects  

SciTech Connect

This book is the result of a conference held biannually at the Goodwin-Niering Center for Conservation Biology and Environmental Studies at Connecticut College. It uses an interdisciplinary approach to focus on important ecological impacts of acid deposition, the transboundary nature of the pollutants that cause acid rain, and domestic and international policies designed to reduce the emission of these pollutants. The book combines research findings and the policy analyses of experts from different academic disciplines with the positions advanced by representatives of various nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). The sixteen papers are arranged in four parts entitled: ecological impacts of acid deposition; acid emissions energy and policy; sulfur dioxide and the market; and lessons learned and future prospects.

Visgilio, Gerald R.; Whitelaw, Diana M. (eds.)

2007-07-01

158

Privacy and fair information practices in ubiquitous environments: Research challenges and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to contribute to the ongoing discourse about the nature of privacy and its role in ubiquitous environments and provide insights for future research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper analyses the privacy implications of particular characteristics of ubiquitous applications and discusses the fundamental principles and information practices used in digital environments for protecting individuals' private data. Findings

Maria Karyda; Stefanos Gritzalis; Jong Hyuk Park; Spyros Kokolakis

2009-01-01

159

Creativity in Business/Business in Creativity: Transdisciplinary Curricula as an Enabling Strategy in Enterprise Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent guidance for UK government policy makers has warned that HEIs face an uncertain future and has advocated transdisciplinary curricula. Earlier, in 2005, two other UK government papers highlighted the advantages of integrating design-related strategies into business environments and addressed the impact creativity could have on business

Penaluna, Andrew; Penaluna, Kathryn

2009-01-01

160

The Technical Communicator's Role in Bridging the Gap between Arab and American Business Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights the Islamic influence in Arab business strategies; magnifies the dynamics in the two-way communication process between an Arab speaker and English speaker; demonstrates fundamental differences between English and Arabic; and presents effective strategies for the technical communicator to use when pursuing business with an Arab country,…

Lundgren, LaRae D.

1998-01-01

161

Primary Traits of Oral Business Presentation: Translatable Use for Assessment in a Virtual Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As more and more classes are taught on-line, new challenges for assessment of student learning have come about. In this paper on the use of digital video (DV) as an acceptable means to assess student oral business presentation skills, content analysis was used to test for the presence of primary traits inherent in effective formal business

Leeds, Elke M.; Raven, Arjan; Brawley, Dorothy

2007-01-01

162

Legal Environment v. Business Law Courses: A Distinction without a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to provide a content analysis and statistics on the law-related core course requirements in colleges of business to assist professors and administrators in making curriculum decisions. It examines the name of "undergraduate" law-based course requirements in the business core in 404 universities accredited by the…

Miller, Carol J.; Crain, Susan J.

2011-01-01

163

Role of nuclear fusion in future energy systems and the environment under future uncertainties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debates about whether or not to invest heavily in nuclear fusion as a future innovative energy option have been made within the context of energy technology development strategies. This is because the prospects for nuclear fusion are quite uncertain and the investments therefore carry the risk of quite large regrets, even though investment is needed in order to develop the

Koji Tokimatsu; Jun’ichi Fujino; Satoshi Konishi; Yuichi Ogawa; Kenji Yamaji

2003-01-01

164

A New Concept for a Business Ethics Program and the Development of a Monitoring Method for the Engineering Ethics Environment of a Corporation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For most modern corporations, engineering is an essential element. While the public increasingly demands social responsibility in business activities, the importance of the interweaving relationship between business ethics and engineering ethics has been recognized. In this paper, firstly the change in the business environment is overviewed. Then, a new concept for designing and implementing a business ethics program, named the EAB (Ethics Across the Business) approach, is proposed. The EAB approach is highly adaptable for engineering-oriented corporations in their business ethics program activities because it derives from a process approach which has been much used by many companies to perform such activities as quality assurance and environment management. Finally, a newly developed method to monitor employee consciousness in terms of engineering ethics is introduced together with trial results.

Okita, Yuji; Hayase, Kenichi; Oba, Kyoko; Fudano, Jun

165

Using commercial off-the-shelf business intelligence software tools to support aircraft and automated test system maintenance environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to provide information about the benefits using Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) business intelligence software tools to support aircraft and automated test system maintenance environments. Aircraft and automated test system parametric and maintenance warehouse-based data can be shared and used for predictive data mining exploitation which will enable better decision support for War Fighters and back

S. C. Head; A. R. Nielson; M.-K. Au

2010-01-01

166

Integrating customer expectations into the development of business strategies in a supply chain environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Customer expectations in the clothing industry are often erratic and change rapidly because styles and fashions continually change. As a result, it is particularly important in such an industry to develop a customer-oriented supply chain management (CoSCM) framework. This CoSCM framework needs to integrate customer expectations into the development of business strategies along various business units in a supply chain,

V. H. Y. Lo; D. Sculli; A. H. W. Yeung; A. C. L. Yeung

2005-01-01

167

IN THE BUSINESS OF WAR: PSC IN IRAQ, NORMATIVE SHIFTS, AND THE FUTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the question of what effect American use of private security contractors (PSC) in its occupation of Iraq since 2003 will have on the future of third party interventions in international conflict. The argument made is that the use of PSC by the current global hegemon will push norms related to armed non-state actors toward a more permissive

Kevin Wyjad; Norman Paterson

168

The viable future of Mexico and latin America: a new business paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this special issue of the International Journal of Public Administration I understand is to focus on the shift we see in Latin America toward what is described as free market policies, and political democracy, and how this is coming about through a process of critical thinking about their future and their special role in the world economy.

Eva Kras

2000-01-01

169

Risk Analysis Based Business Rule Enforcement for Intelligent Decision Support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intelligent information systems are acting by structured rules and do not deal with possible impact on the business environment or future consequences. That is the main reason why automated decisions based on such rules cannot take responsibility and requires involvement or approval of dedicated business people. This limits decision automation possibilities in information systems. However, business rules describe business policy and represent business logics. This can be used in intelligent information systems, together with risk assessment model to simulate real business environment and evaluate possible impact of automated decisions, to support intelligent decision automation. The chapter proposes risk and business rule model integration to provide full intelligent decision automation model used for business rule enforcement and implementation into intelligent software systems of information systems.

Vasilecas, Olegas; Smaizys, Aidas; Brazinskas, Ramunas

170

A temporal forecast of radiation environments for future space exploration missions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The understanding of future space radiation environments is an important goal for space mission operations, design, and risk\\u000a assessment. We have developed a solar cycle statistical model in which sunspot number is coupled to space-related quantities,\\u000a such as the galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) deceleration potential (?) and the mean occurrence frequency of solar particle\\u000a events (SPEs). Future GCR fluxes were

Myung-Hee Y. Kim; Francis A. Cucinotta; John W. Wilson

2007-01-01

171

Vision fest: a vision of the analytical environment of the future.  

SciTech Connect

This highly interactive workshop is designed to elicit from the participants a vision of an ideal future analytic environment for intelligence analysis, the components of such a system that are already in place or in development and the identification of needed future developments. It will cover processes and tools for enabling effective individual analysts, teams of analysts, computer mediated analysis teams and management of tasks and teams.

Moore, Judy Hennessey; Whitley, John B.

2005-04-01

172

Business, government and energy policy: controlling the ideological pendulum for the future  

SciTech Connect

The authors point out that drastic ideologically based reversals of directions in the nation's energy policies have been harmful to many public and private interests, and should be moderated. They argue for a more purposive approach to the energy future, one which augments various market signals. Energy policy planning that includes risk control factors in the policy formulas could reduce the policy swings of recent years and optimize participant behavior. The authors call for an integrated, multisector participant, open systems-based learning and development model to apply to the energy arena. 22 references.

Johnston, V.R.; Kurtz, M.

1985-08-01

173

Objective quality and business performance in service environments: moderating effects of entrepreneurs' knowledge and involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study considers two main research issues: the relationship between objective quality and business performance and the moderating role of an entrepreneur's knowledge (education and experience) and involvement (exclusiveness in professional dedication) in that relationship. A sample of 103 rural tourism entrepreneurs in Spain serves as the study setting. Results indicate the positive influence of an establishment's quality on performance.

Rosa M. Hernández-Maestro; Óscar González-Benito

2011-01-01

174

Changing incentives in a multitask environment: evidence from a top-tier business school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on changes in incentives at the William E. Simon Graduate School of Business Administration in the early 1990s to redirect effort from academic research to classroom teaching. We find a substantial and almost immediate jump in teaching ratings following the changes in incentives. Longer-run learning and turnover effects are present. Evidence also suggests that research output fell.

James A. Brickley; Jerold L. Zimmerman

2001-01-01

175

A Performance System Based on the Balanced Scorecard Approach for Measuring Performance in a Business Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Businesses today are succeeding and growing by better understanding their customers' needs and aligning their operational processes that effectively service the customers. They are creating work processes and methods that are well linked and well operated. Utilizing a system of performance measures, they also are focusing on non-financial indicators to take advantage of key internal and external opportunities and responding

George Vardangalos; A. Pantelis

2000-01-01

176

Business Process Elicitation, Modeling, and Reengineering: Teaching and Learning with Simulated Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The design of enterprise information systems requires students to master technical skills for elicitation, modeling, and reengineering business processes as well as soft skills for information gathering and communication. These tacit skills and behaviors cannot be effectively taught students but rather experienced and learned by students. This…

Jeyaraj, Anand

2010-01-01

177

IMPACT OF ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEED MANAGEMENT ON THE ENVIRONMENT: SUCCESS, CHALLENGES AND FUTURE DIRECTION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

To predict the future direction of animal nutrition and feed management on the environment, one must understand where we are today in terms of making animal production more environmentally friendly. With current regulations on phosphorus (P) (soil runoff and ground water infiltration), nitrogen (N)...

178

2009 Community College Futures Assembly Focus: Leading Change--Leading in an Uncertain Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Community College Futures Assembly has served as a national, independent policy thinktank since 1995. Its purpose is to articulate the critical issues facing American community colleges and recognize innovative programs. Convening annually in January in Orlando, Florida, the Assembly offers a learning environment where tough questions are…

Campbell, Dale F.; Morris, Phillip A.

2009-01-01

179

Breeding salmonids for feed efficiency in current fishmeal and future plant-based diet environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aquaculture industry is increasingly replacing fishmeal in feeds for carnivorous fish with soybean meal (SBM). This diet change presents a potential for genotype-environment (G × E) interactions. We tested whether current salmonid breeding programmes that evaluate and select within fishmeal diets also improve growth and efficiency on potential future SBM diets. A total of 1680 European whitefish from 70

Cheryl D Quinton; Antti Kause; Juha Koskela; Ossi Ritola

2007-01-01

180

Impact of satellite constellation arrangement on the future orbital debris environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposed concept of communication satellite constellation such as Iridium (with 66 satellites) and Teledesic (with 840 satellites) in LEO has been studied for its operational constrains and the impact to the evolution of the future orbital debris environment. A large number of spacecraft in constellation creates a spike in spatial density distribution at a place where they are collocated

Shin-Yi Su

1997-01-01

181

2009 Community College Futures Assembly Focus: Leading Change--Leading in an Uncertain Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Community College Futures Assembly has served as a national, independent policy thinktank since 1995. Its purpose is to articulate the critical issues facing American community colleges and recognize innovative programs. Convening annually in January in Orlando, Florida, the Assembly offers a learning environment where tough questions are…

Campbell, Dale F.; Morris, Phillip A.

2009-01-01

182

Living laboratories: the future computing environments group at the Georgia Institute of Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Future Computing Environments (FCE) Group at Georgia Tech is a collection of faculty and students that share a desire to understand the partnership between humans and technology that arises as computation and sensing become ubiquitous. With expertise covering the breadth of Computer Science, but focusing on HCI, Computational Perception, and Machine Learning, the individual research agendas of the FCE

Gregory D. Abowd; Christopher G. Atkeson; Aaron F. Bobick; Irfan A. Essa; Blair MacIntyre; Elizabeth D. Mynatt; Thad E. Starner

2000-01-01

183

PROTECTING HUMAN HEALTH AND SAFEGUARDING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT: EPA'S ROLE NOW AND IN THE FUTURE  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA has a dual mission to protect human health and the natural environment. This invited lecture will describe the various roles played by EPA in achieving its mission. A primary focus will be on current and future Agency research conducted to inform environmental decisio...

184

Assessment of alternative energy\\/environment futures for Austria: 1977-2015. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents the major results of the 15-month, Austrian case study, which examines alternative energy futures and strategies for Austria and some of their environmental implications. A secondary objective is the development of appropriate concepts and methods for energy\\/environment management and policy design in Austria.

W. K. Foell; R. L. Dennis; M. E. Hanson; L. A. Hervey; A. Hoelzl

1979-01-01

185

Machine intelligence, adaptive business intelligence, and natural intelligence [Research Frontier  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the key observations of the author was that machine intelligence might be defined as the capability of a system to adapt its behavior to meet desired goals in a range of environments. Interestingly, the three components of prediction, adaptation, and optimization constitute the core modules of adaptive business intelligence systems. Clearly, the future of the business intelligence industry

Zbigniew Michalewicz; Matthew Michalewicz

2008-01-01

186

A Hypothetical Model of a New Business System Responsive to the Global Environment: A Connected Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within developing economies, in particular, but also in underdeveloped economies, current business priorities and practices\\u000a have appeared to be incongruent with the general discourse of environmental sustainability. It is clear that the different\\u000a players within the economic framework: government, education system, producers, and consumers—appear to hold differing interests,\\u000a none of which places any meaningful emphasis on environmental sustainability. Following this

Jia Yi; Lu Shenglan; Zhuang Xiaona; David E. Kiwuwa

2009-01-01

187

An Artificial Intelligent Systems Approach to Unscrambling Power Networks in Italy’s Business Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The role of interlocking directorates in the creation and maintenance of business power elites in the United States and elsewhere,\\u000a and more generally their role in the corporate governance structures of mature capitalist economies, is a widely researched\\u000a and debated subject. Results on this matter would be likely to carry substantial implications in a variety of fields, from\\u000a industrial organization

Massimo Buscema; Pier L. Sacco

188

The simultaneous relation between audit report type and business termination : evidence for non-listed companies in a non-litigious audit environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides evidence on the relationship between audit report type and subsequent business termination in an environment where firms are closely held and the audit environment is non-litigious. The results show that an endogenous relationship exists between bankruptcy and audit report type, and between voluntary liquidation and audit report type. A non-clean opinion is typically given to firms with

Ann Gaeremynck; Marleen Willekens

1999-01-01

189

Future Haptic Science Encyclopedia: An Experimental Implementation of Networked Multi-Threaded Haptic Virtual Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is presenting the design of a generic architecture that can support both haptic and graphic requirements by proposing a multi-layered architecture that can be used in a networked haptic environment. This architecture has been applied to the new five-fingers haptic interface HIRO-II. Future Haptic Science Encyclopedia (FHSE) was developed and presented as a new potential application that benefit

M. Osama Alhalabi; Vytautas Daniulaitis; Haruhisa Kawasaki; Tetsuya Mouri; Yoshio Ohtuka

2006-01-01

190

German 450: Introduction to Business Operations in Germany. Initiating the Integration Process into the International Business Environment for German Majors at the Undergraduate and Graduate Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The redesign of a course on German business, taught at the University of Illinois at Chicago, is described. The course, intended for both undergraduate and graduate German majors, initially described and defined German institutions and common business practices and explored differences in historical and cultural backgrounds. Course revision…

Becker, Claudia A.

191

Practicing medicine in a new environment: what can we learn from the business managers?  

PubMed

Physicians, once only responsible for patient care, now are responsible for their organization's management. Although this paradigm shift occasioned much opposition, most aspects of this change are improving as the rules are reevaluated and reconsidered. Physician managers have difficult tasks for which medical school provides no preparation. Employees must be individually evaluated, so their unique talents can be properly exploited and appropriately compensated. Each person's weaknesses must be improved upon with delicacy, while his or her strengths are given greater and greater focus. This is especially true with regards to billing and coding because the financial health of all healthcare businesses requires organizational competence in this arena. It is vital to have an understanding of each staff member's skills, talents, and knowledge, and a proper deployment of each person into the appropriate job. The goal of any manager is a group of satisfied employees who enjoy their work and make appropriately recognized contributions. PMID:16986644

Frezza, Eldo Ermenegildo; Wachtel, Mitchell S

192

Problem-Based Learning in Web Environments: The Case of ``Virtual eBMS'' for Business Engineering Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter presents a case study where Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach is applied to a Web-based environment. It first describes the main features behind the PBL for creating Business Engineers able to face the grand technological challenges of the 2020. Then it introduces a Web Based system supporting the PBL strategy, called the “Virtual eBMS”. This system has been designed and implemented at the e-Business Management Section of the Scuola Superiore ISUFI - University of Salento (Italy), in the framework of a research project carried out in collaboration with IBM. Besides the logical and technological description of Virtual eBMS, the chapter presents two applications of the platform in two different contexts: an academic context (international master) and an entrepreneurial context (awareness workshop with companies and entrepreneurs). The system is illustrated starting from the description of an operational framework for designing curricula PBL based from the author perspective and, then, illustrating a typical scenario of a learner accessing to the curricula. In the description, it is highlighted both the “structured” way and the “unstructured” way to create and follow an entire learning path.

Elia, Gianluca; Secundo, Giustina; Taurino, Cesare

193

Business Plans for Agricultural Producers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A business plan is a road map for a business. It describes the key functions of the business operations, finance, management and marketing. It should support the mission statement, objectives and goals set forth by the owners. A business plan is useful as a guide to the future of the business, and as a tool for acquiring capital from banks

Dean McCorkle; Stan Bevers

194

Fostering Creativity in Business Education: Developing Creative Classroom Environments To Provide Students with Critical Workplace Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four undergraduate management courses incorporated assignments, class activities and an environment structured to encourage creativity. Survey responses from 75 students indicated that an atmosphere that provided time and rewards for creativity and stimulated risk taking, divergent thinking, cooperation, and questioning of assumptions encouraged…

Driver, Michaela

2001-01-01

195

Manufacturing strategy, the business environment, and operations performance in small low-tech firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a ten-year study of ten manufacturing companies in New Zealand. Over the period the firms endured a turbulent environment where they were subject to large changes in exchange rate, and some faced forced changes in products, and markets as a result of changes in ownership and government policy. The paper examines the stability of manufacturing strategies

Lawrence M. Corbett

2008-01-01

196

The challenge of health & environment: profiling risks & strategic priorities for now & the future.  

PubMed

A substantial burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases in the developing countries is attributable to environmental risk factors. WHO estimates that the environmental factors are responsible for an estimated 24 per cent of the global burden of disease in terms of healthy life years lost and 23 per cent of all deaths; children being the worst sufferers. Given that the environment is linked with most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), without proper attention to the environmental risk factors and their management, it will be difficult to achieve many MDGs by 2015. The impact of environmental degradation on health may continue well into the future and the situation in fact, is likely to get worse. In order to address this challenge, two facts are worth noting. First, that much of the environmental disease burden is attributable to a few critical risk factors which include unsafe water and sanitation, exposure to indoor smoke from cooking fuel, outdoor air pollution, exposure to chemicals such as arsenic, and climate change. Second, that environment and health aspects must become, as a matter of urgency, a national priority, both in terms of policy and resources allocation. To meet the challenge of health and environment now and in the future, the following strategic approaches must be considered which include conducting environmental and health impact assessments; strengthening national environmental health policy and infrastructure; fostering inter-sectoral co-ordination and partnerships; mobilizing public participation; and enhancing the leadership role of health in advocacy, stewardship and capacity building. PMID:22960884

Narain, Jai P

2012-08-01

197

The challenge of health & environment: Profiling risks & strategic priorities for now & the future  

PubMed Central

A substantial burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases in the developing countries is attributable to environmental risk factors. WHO estimates that the environmental factors are responsible for an estimated 24 per cent of the global burden of disease in terms of healthy life years lost and 23 per cent of all deaths; children being the worst sufferers. Given that the environment is linked with most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), without proper attention to the environmental risk factors and their management, it will be difficult to achieve many MDGs by 2015. The impact of environmental degradation on health may continue well into the future and the situation in fact, is likely to get worse. In order to address this challenge, two facts are worth noting. First, that much of the environmental disease burden is attributable to a few critical risk factors which include unsafe water and sanitation, exposure to indoor smoke from cooking fuel, outdoor air pollution, exposure to chemicals such as arsenic, and climate change. Second, that environment and health aspects must become, as a matter of urgency, a national priority, both in terms of policy and resources allocation. To meet the challenge of health and environment now and in the future, the following strategic approaches must be considered which include conducting environmental and health impact assessments; strengthening national environmental health policy and infrastructure; fostering inter-sectoral co-ordination and partnerships; mobilizing public participation; and enhancing the leadership role of health in advocacy, stewardship and capacity building.

Narain, Jai P.

2012-01-01

198

Business Intelligence u Funkciji Upravljanja Nabavnim Lancem  

Microsoft Academic Search

A company business environment in the market and characteristics of modern business determine global processes and internationalisation of all business activities. Complexity of facts, indicated also by recent researches, means the modernization of business policies in all business fields. Competition, changes in technology and their intensity characterize the existing business environment. Developments in this field impose profound changes that contribute

Ante Luetiæ; Neven Šeriæ

2008-01-01

199

COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE THROUGH BUSINESS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's competitive business environments require business organizations to employ every method at their disposal in order to understand their internal and external business environments. Business organizations no longer can sustain a competitive advantage for a prolonged period without proactively collecting and analyzing business intelligence (BI) and competitive intelligence (CI) to manage their businesses performance (BPM) in real-time. A linear quantitative

Joseph C. Blankenship

2004-01-01

200

BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE SYSTEMS USE TO LEVERAGE ENTERPRISE-WIDE ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN SHARED DATA ENVIRONMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The implementation,of enterprise systems has facilitated the development,of shared data environments,within organizations and conjointly the capability for broader based management control systems (MCS). Yet, several studies have found that most organizations have experienced little change in their MCS post-ERP implementation,with few organizations experiencing the broad integration of MCS cross-functionally that effectively leverage enterprise data for the support of strategic

Mohamed Z. Elbashir; Philip A. Collier; Steve G. Sutton

201

Immersive Virtual Environment Technology: A Promising Tool for Future Social and Behavioral Genomics Research and Practice  

PubMed Central

Social and behavioral research needs to get started now if we are to direct genomic discoveries to address pressing public health problems. Advancing social and behavioral science will require innovative and rigorous communication methodologies that move us beyond reliance on traditional tools and their inherent limitations. One such emerging research tool is immersive virtual environment technology (aka: virtual reality), a methodology that gives researchers the ability to maintain high experimental control and mundane realism of scenarios, portray and manipulate complex, abstract objects and concepts, and implement innovative implicit behavioral measurement. This report suggests the role that immersive virtual environment technology can play in furthering future research in genomics-related: education, decision-making, test intentions, behavior change, and healthcare provider behaviors. Practical implementation and challenges are also discussed.

Persky, Susan; McBride, Colleen M.

2009-01-01

202

Breaking down the “Green Wall” (part one): Early efforts at integrating business and environment at SC Johnson  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrating environmental management initiatives with business functions, such as manufacturing and purchasing, is now a major goal in many firms. Most environmental professionals agree that success in this pursuit is a product of their greater involvement with traditional business management areas as well as their ability to avoid the “green wall”—the separation between environmental and business functions that companies often

Mark Haveman; Mark Dorfman

1999-01-01

203

The “Selection, Training, Follow and Evaluation Framework” (STFEF) for manager's in business innovation transformation projects” a holistic overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most complex factors in transforming a traditional Business Environment (BE) lifecycle will be the transformation manager's background. Once such a BE transformation process ends, the control and evaluation of the environment starts. This paper defines a future framework of factors that influences the success of the BE transformation; that uses the Business Process Modelling and related innovative

Antoine Trad; Damir Kalpic

2011-01-01

204

Strictly Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When Jackson State University opened for classes this year, it marked its fifth anniversary in the online education business by adding a full four-year, undergraduate degree program in early childhood education to its offerings. Jackson State is among a growing number of historically Black colleges tying part of their future survival and growth…

Stuart, Reginald

2011-01-01

205

Doing Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Several years ago, the World Bank became concerned about the business climate and environment in different countries around the world. After a time, they decided to embark on the creation of a database that would provide indicators of the cost of doing business in various countries. With a keen eye towards looking at existing laws and regulations in each country, their team of researchers looked at such topics as starting a business, protecting investors, paying taxes, getting credit, among others. Visitors with an interest in such matters can download their annual reports, view country specific reports (such as "Doing Business in Brazil"), and also take advantage of 155 printable country data profiles. Additionally, visitors can view the study's complete methodology and also compare economies on various metrics.

206

Back to the Future with Business and Marketing Education. Annual Atlantic Coast Business and Marketing Education Conference Proceedings (12th, Raleigh, North Carolina, February 17-18, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This proceedings includes: "Bridging the International Learning Gap" (Arnold); "Back to the Future" (Baker); "Conducting Successful Class Projects over the Internet" (Beasley); "The Need for Ethics Instruction at the High School Level" (Brown); "Incorporating Industry-Based Skills Standards into High School Secretarial Programs" (Bunn);…

Joyner, Randy L., Ed.

207

Strategic planning for future learning environments: an exploration of interpersonal, interprofessional and political factors.  

PubMed

This article, written from the stance of a public planner and a policy maker, explores the challenges and potential in creating future learning environments through the concept of a new learning landscape. It is based on the belief that physical planning can support the strategic goals of universities. In Denmark, a political focus on education as a mean to improve national capacity for innovation and growth are redefining the universities role in society. This is in turn changing the circumstances for the physical planning. Drawing on examples of physical initiatives in three different scales--city, building and room scale, the paper highlights how space and place matters on an interpersonal, an interprofessional and a political level. The article suggests that a wider understanding of how new learning landscapes are created--both as a material reality and a political discourse--can help frame an emerging community of practice. This involves university leaders, faculty and students, architects, designers and urban planners, citizens and policy makers with the common goal of creating future learning environments today. PMID:23930688

Schmidt, Cathrine

2013-09-01

208

Perspective: Environment, biodiversity, and the education of the physician of the future.  

PubMed

Ours is an age of unprecedented levels of environmental alteration and biodiversity loss. Beyond the exposure to environmental hazards, conditions such as environmental degradation, biotic impoverishment, climate change, and the loss of ecosystem services create important health threats by changing the ecology of many pathogens and increasing the incidence and/or severity of certain noncommunicable conditions. They also threaten health in the future by weakening the Earth's life support systems.Although physicians remain one of the most often accessed and most trusted sources of information about the environment, there is currently little emphasis on educating medical professionals about these environmental issues. This lack of training reduces the ability of most physicians to be efficient science-public interfaces and makes them ineffective at contributing to address the fundamental causes of environmental problems or participate in substantive environmental policy discussions. This is an important challenge facing medical education today.To turn medical students into effective physician-citizens, an already-overwhelmed medical school curriculum must make way for a thoughtful exploration of environmental stressors and their impacts on human health. The overarching question before medical educators is how to develop the competencies, standards, and curricula for this educational endeavor. To this end, the authors highlight some of the critical linkages between health and the environment and suggest a subset of key practical issues that need to be addressed in order to create environmental education standards for the physician of the future. PMID:23269293

Gómez, Andrés; Balsari, Satchit; Nusbaum, Julie; Heerboth, Aaron; Lemery, Jay

2013-02-01

209

Les connaissances linguistiques des cadres: Le point de vue de la direction des entreprises. Les besoins langagiers des futurs cadres d'entreprise. (Language Skills of Trained Personnel: The Viewpoint of Business Management. The Language Needs of Future Business Managers).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first part of this paper outlines the factors that appear to influence the language attitudes or language behavior of business directors and managerial staff in Belgium. Age and the economic and political surroundings appear to be the principal factors. The younger individuals are, the more positive are their attitudes about the language…

Hatry, Paul

210

How to place your bet on the future coastal environment (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future forms and functions of many coastal areas are unknown due to uncertainty in the future forces that will drive evolution (e.g., rate and magnitude of sea-level rise, changes in storminess) and due to limitations in our understanding of some of the evolutionary processes (e.g., coastal erosion, habitat response, human response). Anyone or anything (e.g., home owners, government officials, flora and fauna) making a decision that depends on the future coastal environment are essentially “betting” on one or more possible scenarios. Ideally, they should be able to evaluate the probability of winning (e.g., successfully protecting homes from storm surge, attracting tourists to beaches, preventing habitat loss). The USGS is integrating scientific understanding and uncertainty with coastal management problems in order to provide better assessments of existing bets and to evaluate the risk associated with some future sea-level rise scenarios. Here, we describe a focused study at Assateague Island National Seashore that includes both infrastructure and habitat that are sensitive to sea-level rise and climate change. Some coastal management bets are not overly sensitive to environmental uncertainty. This is because it may only be necessary to know whether environmental thresholds have been crossed (e.g., shoreline or water level intersects specific infrastructure or habitat boundaries) rather than knowing exact values for environmental parameters. Other bets are less clearly framed. Thus, coastal management questions provide the limits of integration of a probabilistic problem and allow complicated scientific understanding to be expressed as the risk of a particular bet. Nature holds the cards in this game, and investment in robust prediction is our ante. Who’s in?

Plant, N. G.; Thieler, E. R.; Gutierrez, B. T.

2010-12-01

211

Accommodating future business intelligence: new work-space and work-time challenges for management and design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a synoptic account of the emerging knowledge-based forms of intelligent working and the new approaches to the management of space and time, so that groups, teams and individuals can work independently of location, time and place. The challenge for facility management and facility design is to provide fast response agile systems and short duration business space and

Stephen Bradley; Geoff Woodling

2000-01-01

212

Classic Books on the Internet #2: Architects of the Web: 1,000 Days That Built the Future of Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reviews Robert H. Reid's history of the Internet, a history that approaches the development of this medium from the perspective of businesses and investors. The reviewer praises the book as a history, but critiques its acceptance of profit as the driving force behind the Internet and the shape it takes.

Solock, Jack.

213

Chinese business schools and the future of management in the post-crisis era : Responsibility and opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon the responsibilities and opportunities that arise for management education out of the 2008\\/2009 economic and financial crisis, with a focus on the emerging leadership role of Asian business schools, notably in China. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper begins by identifying three fundamental challenges for management education. It then discusses two

Rolf D. Cremer

2010-01-01

214

Are firms' voluntary environmental management activities beneficial for the environment and business? An empirical study focusing on Japanese manufacturing firms.  

PubMed

In this paper, to clarify whether a firm's voluntary approach to environmental protection is beneficial for both the environment and business, we analyze whether a firm's voluntary implementation of an environmental management system (EMS) simultaneously reduces its environmental impacts and improves its productivity. Using data on Japanese manufacturing firms for 2002-2008, we find empirical support for the view that the implementation of an EMS simultaneously reduces environmental impacts and improves productivity, and that a reduction in environmental impacts also improves productivity. However, in the context of this relationship, the direct effect of implementing an EMS on productivity is conditional. If various other activities designed to improve productivity implemented in response to market discipline are also taken into account, the effect of implementing an EMS is hidden by the effects of these activities. This implies that voluntary environmental management activities are merely a minor component of these activities. Therefore, the relationship between the implementation of an EMS and productivity improvement is not strong, although implementing an EMS indirectly improves productivity by reducing environmental impacts. PMID:22542980

Nishitani, Kimitaka; Kaneko, Shinji; Fujii, Hidemichi; Komatsu, Satoru

2012-04-27

215

The Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Apparently there is still no business like show business, and KCRW Radio in Santa Monica isn't afraid to take on this sprawling sector of American economic and cultural life. The program is hosted by Kim Masters, a former entertainment-industry correspondent for National Public Radio. She's the author of several books on the business, and once a week she hosts this engaging program. Visitors to the site can learn more about Masters on the homepage, and then dive into the most recent show. There's also an archive of past shows, and a number of ways that users can share the programs via various social networking programs. Recent programs of note include "Do the Emmys Matter?; The 'Guiding Light' Goes Out" and "Hollywood Bollywood and Vice Versa". Visitors can also create their own list of shows for future reference, and they are also welcome to download the programs.

216

Harry Potter, Riding the Bullet and the Future of Books: Key Issues in the Anglophone Book Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the current status of the Anglophone (Anglo-American) publishing business and draws some comparisons with\\u000a publishing in other languages. It then critically reviews the impact of the Harry Potter phenomenon and the questionable progress of e-books in the trade sector, using the example of Stephen King’s Riding the Bullet. It also comments on Amazon’s introduction of the Kindle

Iain Stevenson

2008-01-01

217

PROCESS MODELS OF BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid and through understanding of business activities becomes crucial as changes in an increasingly dynamic business environment. Because of this, there is a growing need for timely, pertinent business information. Up-to-date information is thus an organization's strategic resource and the basis for competitiveness in an ever-changing business environment. Therefore, business information should also be managed. Information management consists of identifying

Virpi Pirttimäki; Mika Hannula

2003-01-01

218

Towards Autonomic Business Activity Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Business activities can be highly complicated and dynamic. This complexity lies in the number of activities and organization,\\u000a and many business relationships between the things that make up a business activity and its business environment. The dynamism\\u000a of business activities comes from the needs of continuously measuring, monitoring, controlling and improving business activities.\\u000a The systems providing this type of functions

Jun-Jang Jeng; Henry Chang

219

Intelligent Agent Supported Business Process Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complex business environment requires managing business processes with the ability to adapt to changes and to collaborate in activities. Conventional workflow approaches based on predefined logical procedure offer little support for the dynamic business environment. A cognitive agent-based approach is proposed to manage business activities based on situational awareness and real-time decisions on activities. Business activities are delegated to

Minhong Wang; Huaiqing Wang

2005-01-01

220

Rules in the Shadow of the Future: Prudential Rule-Making under Ambiguity in the Aviation Sector Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rules often develop in response to past catastrophes and in order to prevent those catastrophes from occurring in the future. In complex economic, technological and political systems rule-making without solid historical foundations must contend with intrinsically ambiguous relationships between present conditions and future predictions. This rule making in situations of ambiguity is explored through a study of rules governing the

Joseph Lampel

2006-01-01

221

The endogenous relationship between audit-report type and business termination: evidence on private firms in a non-litigious environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides evidence on the relationship between audit-report type and subsequent business termination for private companies in a non-litigious environment. The results show that an endogenous relationship exists between bankruptcy and audit-report type, and between voluntary liquidation and audit-report type. A non-clean opinion is typically issued when firms face financial difficulties, which in turn become more severe after the

Ann Gaeremynck; Marleen Willekens

2003-01-01

222

Space environment data storage and access: lessons learned and recommendations for the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the ever increasing volume of space environment data available at present and planned for the near future, the demands on data storage and access methods are increasing as well. In addition, continued access to historical, archived data remains crucial. On the basis of many years of experience, the authors identify the following issues as important for continued and efficient handling of datasets now and in the future: The huge data volumes currently or very soon avaiable from a number of space missions will limi direct Internet download access to even relatively short epoch ranges of data. Therefore, data providers should establish or extend standardised data (post-) processing services so that only data query results should be downloaded. Although a single standardised data format will in all likelihood remain utopia, data providers should at least include extensive metadata with their data products, according to established standards and practices (e.g. ISTP, SPASE). Standardisation of (sets of) metadata greatly facilitates data mining and querying. The use of SQL database storage should be considered instead of, or in parallel with, classic storage of data files. The use of SQL does away with having to handle file parsing and processing, while at the same time standard access protocols can be used to (remotely) connect to such data repositories. Many data holdings are still lacking in extensive descriptions of data provenance (e.g. instrument description), content and format. Unfortunately, detailed data information is usually rejected by scientific and technical journals. Re-processing of historical archived datasets into modern formats, making them easily available and usable, is urgently required, as knowledge is being lost. A global data directory has still not been achieved; policy makers should enforce stricter rules for "broadcasting" dataset information.

Evans, Hugh; Heynderickx, Daniel

2012-07-01

223

Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends.  

PubMed

Plastics have transformed everyday life; usage is increasing and annual production is likely to exceed 300 million tonnes by 2010. In this concluding paper to the Theme Issue on Plastics, the Environment and Human Health, we synthesize current understanding of the benefits and concerns surrounding the use of plastics and look to future priorities, challenges and opportunities. It is evident that plastics bring many societal benefits and offer future technological and medical advances. However, concerns about usage and disposal are diverse and include accumulation of waste in landfills and in natural habitats, physical problems for wildlife resulting from ingestion or entanglement in plastic, the leaching of chemicals from plastic products and the potential for plastics to transfer chemicals to wildlife and humans. However, perhaps the most important overriding concern, which is implicit throughout this volume, is that our current usage is not sustainable. Around 4 per cent of world oil production is used as a feedstock to make plastics and a similar amount is used as energy in the process. Yet over a third of current production is used to make items of packaging, which are then rapidly discarded. Given our declining reserves of fossil fuels, and finite capacity for disposal of waste to landfill, this linear use of hydrocarbons, via packaging and other short-lived applications of plastic, is simply not sustainable. There are solutions, including material reduction, design for end-of-life recyclability, increased recycling capacity, development of bio-based feedstocks, strategies to reduce littering, the application of green chemistry life-cycle analyses and revised risk assessment approaches. Such measures will be most effective through the combined actions of the public, industry, scientists and policymakers. There is some urgency, as the quantity of plastics produced in the first 10 years of the current century is likely to approach the quantity produced in the entire century that preceded. PMID:19528062

Thompson, Richard C; Moore, Charles J; vom Saal, Frederick S; Swan, Shanna H

2009-07-27

224

Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends  

PubMed Central

Plastics have transformed everyday life; usage is increasing and annual production is likely to exceed 300 million tonnes by 2010. In this concluding paper to the Theme Issue on Plastics, the Environment and Human Health, we synthesize current understanding of the benefits and concerns surrounding the use of plastics and look to future priorities, challenges and opportunities. It is evident that plastics bring many societal benefits and offer future technological and medical advances. However, concerns about usage and disposal are diverse and include accumulation of waste in landfills and in natural habitats, physical problems for wildlife resulting from ingestion or entanglement in plastic, the leaching of chemicals from plastic products and the potential for plastics to transfer chemicals to wildlife and humans. However, perhaps the most important overriding concern, which is implicit throughout this volume, is that our current usage is not sustainable. Around 4 per cent of world oil production is used as a feedstock to make plastics and a similar amount is used as energy in the process. Yet over a third of current production is used to make items of packaging, which are then rapidly discarded. Given our declining reserves of fossil fuels, and finite capacity for disposal of waste to landfill, this linear use of hydrocarbons, via packaging and other short-lived applications of plastic, is simply not sustainable. There are solutions, including material reduction, design for end-of-life recyclability, increased recycling capacity, development of bio-based feedstocks, strategies to reduce littering, the application of green chemistry life-cycle analyses and revised risk assessment approaches. Such measures will be most effective through the combined actions of the public, industry, scientists and policymakers. There is some urgency, as the quantity of plastics produced in the first 10 years of the current century is likely to approach the quantity produced in the entire century that preceded.

Thompson, Richard C.; Moore, Charles J.; vom Saal, Frederick S.; Swan, Shanna H.

2009-01-01

225

Environmental ethics for business sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to derive operational principles from environmental ethics for business organizations to achieve sustainability. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper analyses different levels on which business affects the natural environment. Individual biological creatures are affected by business via hunting, fishing, agriculture, animal testing, etc. Natural ecosystems are affected by business via mining, regulating rivers, building,

Laszlo Zsolnai

2011-01-01

226

Studies of the stability of complex organics in a Martian environment -current knowledge and future questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The discovery of organic molecules on Mars is one among the most important objectives to determine if a prebiotic chemistry, or even life, could have existed on this planet. However, no organic molecule, except atmospheric methane, was ever detected at the Mars surface probed with remote sensing or in situ space probes and experiments in the 70's. This is one of the main reasons why, at the light of recent discoveries on the past Mars environmental conditions and the possibilities for organics to be present at Mars, rovers will seek for organics at the surface or near sub-surface of Mars within the next years. In this frame, the fate of organic molecules at the surface of Mars is of primary importance to determine how these molecules can evolve in such a harsh environment, and in this way, to determine their capability to survive and to be detected by surface rovers. One mean to characterize the way organic molecules can be processed at the surface of Mars is to submit such molecules to analogues environmental conditions either reproduced at the laboratory, or found in low Earth orbit. This methodology is used for years, especially concerning UV radiation, but the development of such approaches increased these last years in the favourable context of Mars exploration. The goal of this presentation is to address the issue of the role played by the environmental conditions at the Mars surface on the survival or the evolution of organic molecules of interest for exo/astrobiology. It will particularly emphasize on experimental approaches devoted to evaluate the fate of such organics under Mars surface conditions simulated in laboratory. One among the most important output of this work will be an inventory of organics and/or post products potentially resistant in the Mars surface environment. Such an inventory will be of primary interest for future in situ missions dedicated to the search for organics at the surface of Mars

Szopa, Cyril; Noblet, Audrey; Stalport, Fabien; Coll, Patrice; Cottin, Hervé; Buch, Arnaud

227

FuzzyCOPE: A Software Environment for Building Intelligent Systems - The Past, The Present and the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses the motivation for, heritage, architec- ture and future development plans of the FuzzyCOPE soft- ware environment. FuzzyCOPE is a free software environ- ment for teaching, research and intelligent system develop- ment. 1.Introduction Artificial neural network (ANN) methods have long been known to offer powerful means of solving a wide variety of problems. The teaching of these methods

Michael Watts; Brendon J. Woodford; Nik Kasabov

228

Futures Thinking for the Built and Human Environment: the Prospective Process Through Scenario Thinking for the Built and Human Environment: a Tool for Exploring Human Futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are currently living through an era where we can, and need to, create exciting new possibilities in the way we think about, plan, design and build new places and spaces for working and living. At the same time, two irresistible forces – change and complexity – face decision-makers charged with framing and executing future policy and practice for the

John Ratcliffe; Lorcan Sirr

2003-01-01

229

Breeding salmonids for feed efficiency in current fishmeal and future plant-based diet environments.  

PubMed

The aquaculture industry is increasingly replacing fishmeal in feeds for carnivorous fish with soybean meal (SBM). This diet change presents a potential for genotype-environment (G x E) interactions. We tested whether current salmonid breeding programmes that evaluate and select within fishmeal diets also improve growth and efficiency on potential future SBM diets. A total of 1680 European whitefish from 70 families were reared with either fishmeal- or SBM-based diets in a split-family design. Individual daily gain (DG), daily feed intake (DFI) and feed efficiency (FE) were recorded. Traits displayed only weak G x E interactions as variances and heritabilities did not differ substantially between the diets, and cross-diet genetic correlations were near unity. In both diets, DFI exhibited moderate heritability and had very high genetic correlation with DG whereas FE had low heritability. Predicted genetic responses demonstrated that selection to increase DG and FE on the fishmeal diet lead to favourable responses on the SBM diet. Selection for FE based on an index including DG and DFI achieved at least double FE gain versus selection on DG alone. Therefore, current breeding programmes are improving the biological ability of salmonids to use novel plant-based diets, and aiding the aquaculture industry to reduce fishmeal use. PMID:17612482

Quinton, Cheryl D; Kause, Antti; Koskela, Juha; Ritola, Ossi

2007-07-06

230

Acceptance of Future Workplace Systems: How the Social Situation Influences the Usage Intention of Ambient Intelligence Technologies in Work Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes if, and in which extend, the social work situation influences the intention of potential users to employ Ambient Intelligence technologies in work environments. In a first step, existing application scenarios and prototype applications were analyzed to identify characteristic functionalities of future workplace systems. In the second step, it was tested whether potential end users are willing to

Carsten Röcker

231

Suitability of Agent Technology for Military Command and Control in the Future Combat System Environment  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Army is faced with the challenge of dramatically improving its war fighting capability through advanced technologies. Any new technology must provide significant improvement over existing technologies, yet be reliable enough to provide a fielded system. The focus of this paper is to assess the novelty and maturity of agent technology for use in the Future Combat System (FCS). The FCS concept represents the U.S. Army's ''mounted'' form of the Objective Force. This concept of vehicles, communications, and weaponry is viewed as a ''system of systems'' which includes net-centric command and control (C{sup 2}) capabilities. This networked C{sup 2} is an important transformation from the historically centralized, or platform-based, C{sup 2} function since a centralized command architecture may become a decision-making and execution bottleneck, particularly as the pace of war accelerates. A mechanism to ensure an effective network-centric C{sup 2} capacity (combining intelligence gathering and analysis available at lower levels in the military hierarchy) is needed. Achieving a networked C{sup 2} capability will require breakthroughs in current software technology. Many have proposed the use of agent technology as a potential solution. Agents are an emerging technology, and it is not yet clear whether it is suitable for addressing the networked C{sup 2} challenge, particularly in satisfying battlespace scalability, mobility, and security expectations. We have developed a set of software requirements for FCS based on military requirements for this system. We have then evaluated these software requirements against current computer science technology. This analysis provides a set of limitations in the current technology when applied to the FCS challenge. Agent technology is compared against this set of limitations to provide a means of assessing the novelty of agent technology in an FCS environment. From this analysis we find that existing technologies will not likely be sufficient to meet the networked C{sup 2} requirements of FCS due to limitations in scalability, mobility, and security. Agent technology provides a number of advantages in these areas, mainly through much stronger messaging and coordination models. These models theoretically allow for significant improvements in many areas, including scalability, mobility, and security. However, the demonstration of such capabilities in an FCS environment does not currently exist, although a number of strong agent-based systems have been deployed in related areas. Additionally, there are challenges in FCS that neither current technology nor agent technology are particularly well suited, such as information fusion and decision support. In summary, we believe that agent technology has the capability to support most of the networked C{sup 2} requirements of FCS. However, we would recommend proof of principle experiments to verify the theoretical advantages of this technology in an FCS environment.

Potok, TE

2003-02-13

232

Academic Integrity in the Business School Environment: I'll Get by with a Little Help from My Friends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The incidence of academic dishonesty has been increasing throughout the past few decades. Past research has indicated that business students cheat more than their peers in other disciplines across the university. And, of particular concern to marketing educators, the current research finds that marketing majors cheat significantly more than their…

Chapman, Kenneth J.; Davis, Richard; Toy, Daniel; Wright, Lauren

2004-01-01

233

Impacts of business environment changes on global manufacturing in the Chinese Greater Pearl River Delta: a supply chain perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business operating conditions have changed substantially in the Chinese Greater Pearl River Delta (GPRD) due to the Chinese currency appreciation, rising labour costs, highly volatile oil prices and new processing trade policies. Such changes have triggered manufacturers to rethink their global operations. This article studies potential global manufacturing trends from a supply chain perspective. A mixed integer programming model suggests

A. Zhang; G. Q. Huang; X. Liu

2011-01-01

234

Impacts of business environment changes on global manufacturing in the Chinese Greater Pearl River Delta: a supply chain perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business operating conditions have changed substantially in the Chinese Greater Pearl River Delta (GPRD) due to the Chinese currency appreciation, rising labour costs, highly volatile oil prices and new processing trade policies. Such changes have triggered manufacturers to rethink their global operations. This article studies potential global manufacturing trends from a supply chain perspective. A mixed integer programming model suggests

A. Zhang; G. Q. Huang; X. Liu

2012-01-01

235

Mental time travel: A practical business and personal research tool for looking ahead  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental time travel is a futures research method using focused imagination in the “theater of the mind” to visualize and explore contingent future patterns. It is a practical approach for wise choosing, and represents a clear way to improve conventional scenario forecasting, strategic planning and marketing research methods—especially when dealing with just in time (JiT) business environments. The questions to

Oliver W. Markley

2008-01-01

236

Future Foreign Language Teachers' Social and Cognitive Collaboration in an Online Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion boards provide an interactive venue where new and future language teachers can reflect, evaluate, solve problems or simply exchange ideas (e.g., Bonk, Hansen, Grabner-Hagen, Lazar, & Mirabelli, 1996; DeWert, Babinski, & Jones, 2003; Kumari, 2001; Pawan, Paulus, Yalcin, & Chang, 2003). In addition, encouraging future teachers to learn…

Arnold, Nike; Ducate, Lara

2006-01-01

237

Future Foreign Language Teachers' Social and Cognitive Collaboration in an Online Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion boards provide an interactive venue where new and future language teachers can reflect, evaluate, solve problems or simply exchange ideas (e.g., Bonk, Hansen, Grabner-Hagen, Lazar, & Mirabelli, 1996; DeWert, Babinski, & Jones, 2003; Kumari, 2001; Pawan, Paulus, Yalcin, & Chang, 2003). In addition, encouraging future teachers to learn…

Arnold, Nike; Ducate, Lara

2006-01-01

238

The surpluses and shortages in business-to-business marketing theory and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Business-to-business marketing has come of age in the last three decades and research in this area has been extensive and impressive. This paper examines the extant body of business-to-business marketing research and identifies surpluses and shortages with the goal of stimulating future research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper focuses on two questions regarding future business-to business marketing. First, what

Jagdish N. Sheth; Arun Sharma

2006-01-01

239

Identification of glacial meltwater runoff in a karstic environment and its implication for present and future water availability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Glaciers all over the world are expected to continue to retreat due to the global warming throughout the 21st century. Consequently, future seasonal water availability might become scarce once glacier areas have declined below a certain threshold affecting future water management strategies. Particular attention should be paid to glaciers located in a karstic environment, as parts of the meltwater can be drained by underlying karst systems, making it difficult to assess water availability. In this study tracer experiments, karst modeling and glacier melt modeling are combined in order to identify flow paths in a high alpine, glacierized, karstic environment (Glacier de la Plaine Morte, Switzerland) and to investigate current and predict future downstream water availability. Flow paths through the karst underground were determined with natural and fluorescent tracers. Subsequently, geologic information and the findings from tracer experiments were assembled in a karst model. Finally, glacier melt projections driven with a climate scenario were performed to discuss future water availability in the area surrounding the glacier. The results suggest that during late summer glacier meltwater is rapidly drained through well-developed channels at the glacier bottom to the north of the glacier, while during low flow season meltwater enters into the karst and is drained to the south. Climate change projections with the glacier melt model reveal that by the end of the century glacier melt will be significantly reduced in the summer, jeopardizing water availability in glacier-fed karst springs.

Finger, D.; Hugentobler, A.; Huss, M.; Voinesco, A.; Wernli, H.; Fischer, D.; Weber, E.; Jeannin, P.-Y.; Kauzlaric, M.; Wirz, A.; Vennemann, T.; Hüsler, F.; Schädler, B.; Weingartner, R.

2013-08-01

240

The radiation environment and effects for future ESA cosmic vision missions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes some of the radiation environments and their effects encountered by the Cosmic Vision missions, with emphasis on the design specifications and verification tools, including new shielding analysis techniques. ore and more of ESA's space science missions leave the immediate environment of the Earth. ESA has a very ambitious space science programme both in terms of on- going

J. Sorensen; G. Santin

2009-01-01

241

Aging Well and the Environment: Toward an Integrative Model and Research Agenda for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the Study: The effects of the physical-spatial-technical environment on aging well have been overlooked both conceptually and empirically. In the spirit of M. Powell Lawton's seminal work on aging and environment, this article attempts to rectify this situation by suggesting a new model of how older people interact with their…

Wahl, Hans-Werner; Iwarsson, Susanne; Oswald, Frank

2012-01-01

242

Review of the ASDEX Upgrade data acquisition environment—present operation and future requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The data acquisition environment of the ASDEX Upgrade fusion experiment was designed in the late 1980s to handle a predicted quantity of 8 Mbytes of data per discharge. After 7 years of operation a review of the whole data acquisition and analysis environment shows what remains of the original design ideas. Comparing the original 15 diagnostics with the present set

K Behler; H Blank; A Buhler; R Drube; H Friedrich; K Förster; K Hallatschek; P Heimann; F Hertweck; J Maier; R Merkel; M.-G Pacco-Düchs; G Raupp; H Reuter; U Schneider-Maxon; R Tisma; M Zilker

1999-01-01

243

The Social Semantic Web in Intelligent Learning Environments: State of the Art and Future Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's technology-enhanced learning practices cater to students and teachers who use many different learning tools and environments and are used to a paradigm of interaction derived from open, ubiquitous, and socially oriented services. In this context, a crucial issue for education systems in general, and for Intelligent Learning Environments

Jovanovic, Jelena; Gasevic, Dragan; Torniai, Carlo; Bateman, Scott; Hatala, Marek

2009-01-01

244

Modeling the radio frequency environment of Mars for future wireless, networked rovers and sensor Webs  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA's long-term goals for the exploration of Mars include the use of rovers and sensors, which intercommunicate through proximity wireless networks. The performance of any such wireless network depends fundamentally on the radio frequency (RF) environment. This paper presents our initial results concerning modeling the RF environment on Mars in support of determining the characteristics of potential in-situ networks. In

Vishwanath Chukkala; Phillip De Leon; Stephen Horan; Vijayakumar Velusamy

2004-01-01

245

Assessment of Alternative Energy/Environment Futures for Austria: 1977-2015.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the major results of the 15-month, Austrian case study, which examines alternative energy futures and strategies for Austria and some of their environmental implications. A secondary objective is the development of appropriate concept...

W. K. Foell R. L. Dennis M. E. Hanson L. A. Hervey A. Hoelzl

1979-01-01

246

Benefits of social media in business-to-business customer interface in innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to explore social media and its benefits especially from business-to-business innovation and related customer interface perspective, and to create a more comprehensive picture of the possibilities of social media for the business-to-business sector. Business-to-business context was chosen because it is in many ways a very different environment for social media than business-to-consumer context, and

Jari Juhani Jussila; Hannu Kärkkäinen; Maija Leino

2011-01-01

247

What can we learn from the existing evidence of the business case for investments in nursing care: importance of content, context, and policy environment.  

PubMed

Decisions of health care institutions to invest in nursing care are often guided by mixed and conflicting evidence of effects of the investments on organizational function and sustainability. This paper uses new evidence generated through Interdisciplinary Nursing Quality Research Initiative (INQRI)-funded research and published in peer-reviewed journals, to illustrate where the business case for nursing investments stands and to discuss factors that may limit the existing evidence and its transferability into clinical practice. We conclude that there are 3 limiting factors: (1) the existing business case for nursing investments is likely understated due to the inability of most studies to capture spillover and long-run dynamic effects, thus causing organizations to forfeit potentially viable nursing investments that may improve long-term financial stability; (2) studies rarely devote sufficient attention to describing the content and the organization-specific contextual factors, thus limiting generalizability; and (3) fragmentation of the current health care delivery and payment systems often leads to the financial benefits of investments in nursing care accruing outside of the organization incurring the costs, thus making potentially quality-improving and cost-saving interventions financially unattractive from the organization's perspective. The payment reform, with its emphasis on high-quality affordable patient-centered care, is likely to strengthen the business case for investments in nursing care. Methodologically rigorous approaches that focus on broader societal implications of investments in nursing care, combined with a thorough understanding of potential barriers and facilitators of nursing change, should be an integral part of future research and policy efforts. PMID:23502917

Yakusheva, Olga; Wholey, Douglas; Frick, Kevin D

2013-04-01

248

Gene-Environment Interactions in Schizophrenia: Review of Epidemiological Findings and Future Directions  

PubMed Central

Concern is building about high rates of schizophrenia in large cities, and among immigrants, cannabis users, and traumatized individuals, some of which likely reflects the causal influence of environmental exposures. This, in combination with very slow progress in the area of molecular genetics, has generated interest in more complicated models of schizophrenia etiology that explicitly posit gene-environment interactions (EU-GEI. European Network of Schizophrenia Networks for the Study of Gene Environment Interactions. Schizophrenia aetiology: do gene-environment interactions hold the key? [published online ahead of print April 25, 2008] Schizophr Res; S0920-9964(08) 00170–9). Although findings of epidemiological gene-environment interaction (G × E) studies are suggestive of widespread gene-environment interactions in the etiology of schizophrenia, numerous challenges remain. For example, attempts to identify gene-environment interactions cannot be equated with molecular genetic studies with a few putative environmental variables “thrown in”: G × E is a multidisciplinary exercise involving epidemiology, psychology, psychiatry, neuroscience, neuroimaging, pharmacology, biostatistics, and genetics. Epidemiological G × E studies using indirect measures of genetic risk in genetically sensitive designs have the advantage that they are able to model the net, albeit nonspecific, genetic load. In studies using direct molecular measures of genetic variation, a hypothesis-driven approach postulating synergistic effects between genes and environment impacting on a final common pathway, such as “sensitization” of mesolimbic dopamine neurotransmission, while simplistic, may provide initial focus and protection against the numerous false-positive and false-negative results that these investigations engender. Experimental ecogenetic approaches with randomized assignment may help to overcome some of the limitations of observational studies and allow for the additional elucidation of underlying mechanisms using a combination of functional enviromics and functional genomics.

van Os, Jim; Rutten, Bart PF; Poulton, Richie

2008-01-01

249

EU Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

EU Business is provided by Europanet. It aims to provide selected business information to the busy business person. Information available at the site includes European Union (EU) law, business developments in Europe, finance and EU programs. The site also keeps track of European Commission proposals and the progress of draft legislation. Users interested in doing business in Europe will find this site a useful guide to facilitate the process.

1998-01-01

250

Web-Based Collaborative Learning Environment: Theoretical and Practical Discourse, and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to discuss appropriate theoretical orientation for collaborative learning in a WBLE, identify current and potential challenges and solutions to collaborative learning on the web, and recommend future directions for research and development. The review of theoretical and empirical issues indicates, a research agenda isrequired to gain a better understanding of the social, affective,

Seungyeon Han; Beaumie Kim; Shiang-Kwei Wang; Kakali Bhattacharya

251

Overview of prototype fiber optic sensors for future application in nuclear environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides a summary of several needs for improved measurements in the nuclear industry and identification of where better instrumentation might benefit this industry. Several advanced prototype fiber optic sensors are described which are suited for future applications in nuclear reactor containment and nuclear waste management. The performance characteristics of the prototypes in non-nuclear applications are summarized.

Berthold, John W.

1994-12-01

252

SCENARIO ANALYSIS FOR THE SAN PEDRO RIVER, ANALYZING HYDROLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES FOR A FUTURE ENVIRONMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Studies of future management and policy options based on different assumptions provide a mechanism to examine possible outcomes and especially their likely benefits and consequences. The San Pedro River in Arizona and Sonora, Mexico is an area that has undergone rapid changes in ...

253

Suitability of Agent Technology for Military Command and Control in the Future Combat System Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Army is faced with the challenge of dramatically improving its war fighting capability through advanced technologies. Any new technology must provide significant improvement over existing technologies, yet be reliable enough to provide a fielded system. The focus of this paper is to assess the novelty and maturity of agent technology for use in the Future Combat System (FCS).

Thomas Potok; Laurence Phillips; Robert Pollock; Andy Loebl

2003-01-01

254

The future of leadership: the art of leading people in a “post-managerial” environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the future concept of leadership. The paper argues a view of leadership in organisations as a shared social influence process of relating, thus challenging mainstream approaches to leadership and the emphasis on leadership as a specialized role. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Conceptual discussion Findings – It is suggested herein that the central

Tom Karp; Thomas Helgø

2008-01-01

255

SCENARIO ANALYSIS FOR THE SAN PEDRO RIVER, ANALYZING HYDROLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF A FUTURE ENVIRONMENT 1713  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Studies of future management and policy options based on different assumptions provide a mechanism to examine possible outcomes and especially their likely benefits and consequences. The San Pedro River in Arizona and Sonora, Mexico is an area that has undergone rapid changes in land use and cover a...

256

Lean and Environment Toolkit. Version 1.0. Identify and Eliminate Waste Reduce Business Costs and Risk Improve Environmental Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Lean and Environment Toolkit (Version 1.0) offers practical strategies and techniques to Lean implementers about how to improve Lean results-waste elimination, quality enhancement, and delivery of value to customers-while achieving environmental perf...

2006-01-01

257

Environment Canada cuts threaten the future of science and international agreements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In August 2011, 300 Environment Canada scientists and staff working on environmental monitoring and protection learned that their jobs would be terminated, and an additional 400-plus Environment Canada employees received notice that their positions were targeted for elimination. These notices received widespread coverage in the Canadian media and international attention in Nature News. Environment Canada is a government agency responsible for meteorological services as well as environmental research. We are concerned that research and observations related to ozone depletion, tropospheric pollution, and atmospheric transport of toxic chemicals in the northern latitudes may be seriously imperiled by the budget cuts that led to these job terminations. Further, we raise the questions being asked by the international community, scientists, and policy makers alike: First, will Canada be able to meet its obligations to the monitoring and assessment studies that support the various international agreements in Table 1? Second, will Canada continue to be a leader in Arctic research.

Thompson, Anne M.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Hoff, Raymond M.; Logan, Jennifer A.; Einaudi, Franco

2012-02-01

258

Protecting the Environment for the Sake of Our Common Future. Special Report 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In June 1992, representatives of more than 170 countries met in Rio de Janeiro, at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, to consider international cooperation aimed at preserving the sources of human life. This report presents Germany's involvement in that cooperative effort. The report is presented in six sections: (1) an…

Born, Sigrid, Ed.

259

PPCPS IN THE ENVIRONMENT: FUTURE RESEARCH - BEGINNING WITH THE END ALWAYS IN MIND  

EPA Science Inventory

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are an extraordinarily diverse group of chemicals used in veterinary medicine, agricultural practice, and human health and cosmetic care. The various sources and origins of PPCPs as pollutants in the environment are depicted in a...

260

Impact of Family Environment on Future Mental Health Professionals' Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship between dimensions of functioning in the family of origin of graduate students in helping profession programs and their attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. One hundred forty-three participants completed the Family Environment Scale (FES-R: Moos & Moos, 1986), the Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men scale (ATLG: Herek, 1994), and demographic questions. Results suggest that

Daniel B. Kissinger; Sang Min Lee; Lisa Twitty; Harrison Kisner

2009-01-01

261

A metric suite for measuring service alignment with business agility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today enterprises are facing rapid and radical changes in business environments, making business agility a crucial step toward gaining competitive advantages over rivals. Service- oriented architectures (SOA) are touted as the key to business agility. However to deliver business agility with SOA effectively, business services should be designed according to SOA principles that affect business agility, including autonomy, cohesion and

Ali Rostampour; Ali Kazemi; Amin Zamiri; Hassan Haghighi; Fereidoon Shams

2011-01-01

262

Online information sources: tools of business intelligence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organisations seek to use information intelligently and to generate business intelligence for future profitable prospects. Although not regarded as business intelligence per se, there is a role for commercially produced online information sources and internally generated intranet resources in business intelligence activity. For example, the human post-coordination of raw data from a commercial source may direct business decisions; Web pages

Hazel Hall

2000-01-01

263

Airborne remote sensing for geology and the environment: Present and future. Bulletin  

SciTech Connect

In 1988, a group of leading experts from government, academia, and industry attended a workshop on airborne remote sensing sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and hosted by the Branch of Geophysics. The report has arranged the six resulting working-group reports under two main headings: (1) Geologic Remote Sensing, for the reports on geologic mapping, mineral resoures, and fossil fuels and geothermal resources; and (2) Environmental Remote Sensing, for the reports on environmental geology, geologic hazards, and water resources. The intent of the workshop was to provide an evaluation of demonstrated capabilities, their direct extensions, and possible future applications, and this was the organizational format used for the geologic remote sensing reports. A final section examines future advances and limitations in the field.

Watson, K.; Knepper, D.H.

1994-12-31

264

Scenario Analysis for the San Pedro River, Analyzing Hydrological Consequences of a Future Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of future management and policy options based on different assumptions provide a mechanism to examine possible outcomes\\u000a and especially their likely benefits and consequences. The San Pedro River in Arizona and Sonora, Mexico is an area that has\\u000a undergone rapid changes in land use and cover, and subsequently is facing keen environmental crises related to water resources.\\u000a It is

William G. Kepner; Darius J. Semmens; Scott D. Bassett; David A. Mouat; David C. Goodrich

2004-01-01

265

Environments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Environments are effected by the organisms that live in them. An environment is everything that surrounds and influences an organism. An environmental factor is one part of an environment-it can be living or nonliving.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University;Biological Sciences)

2008-06-07

266

Clinical review: The hospital of the future - building intelligent environments to facilitate safe and effective acute care delivery  

PubMed Central

The translation of knowledge into rational care is as essential and pressing a task as the development of new diagnostic or therapeutic devices, and is arguably more important. The emerging science of health care delivery has identified the central role of human factor ergonomics in the prevention of medical error, omission, and waste. Novel informatics and systems engineering strategies provide an excellent opportunity to improve the design of acute care delivery. In this article, future hospitals are envisioned as organizations built around smart environments that facilitate consistent delivery of effective, equitable, and error-free care focused on patient-centered rather than provider-centered outcomes.

2012-01-01

267

Planet Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The directory Planet Business aims to provide a "great gateway between Africa, America, Asia, Europe and Oceania." Business metasites from around the world are listed in an A-Z index and by region, and the new Marketplace of Planet Business connects potential business partners among importers, exporters, traders, and distributors.

1996-01-01

268

Applying a 3D Situational Virtual Learning Environment to the Real World Business--An Extended Research in Marketing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to understand (1) what kind of students can be facilitated through the help of three-dimensional virtual learning environment (3D VLE), and (2) the relationship between a conventional test (ie, paper and pencil test) and the 3D VLE used in this study, the study designs a 3D virtual supermarket (3DVS) to help students transform their role…

Wang, Shwu-huey

2012-01-01

269

Business intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business intelligence (BI) refers to computer-based techniques used in spotting, digging-out, and analyzing business data, such as sales revenue by products and\\/or departments, or by associated costs and incomes. BI technologies provide historical, current, and predictive views of business operations. Common functions of business intelligence technologies are reporting, online analytical processing, analytics, data mining, business performance management, benchmarking, text mining,

Cebotarean Elena

2011-01-01

270

Change Management in Business Process Modeling Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Change management is very important to reduce risks and costs and maximizes the benefits of such major changes in business and information technology. Business Process Modeling (BPM) is the first and most important step in business process management lifecycle. BPM technology continues to face challenges in coping with dynamic business environments where requirements and goals are constantly changing at the

Bassam Atieh Rajabi; Sai Peck Lee

2009-01-01

271

The Roles and Needs of Models in the Future Solar-Terrestrial Data Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have recently embarked on two projects to model the Solar Terrestrial environment through linking the regional codes together. We discuss here, from the perspective of our projects, the characteristics of the individual codes. These are well known and respected in the SPA community: the SAIC corona code, the NCAR solar wind code, the LFM magnetosphere code, the Rice RCM, and NCAR ITM code (TING). We further discuss the issues important for coupling of these codes, and explore briefly the methods from the computational and computer sciences that may help address them.

Goodrich, C. C.; Lyon, J.; Wiltberger, M.

2002-12-01

272

Present and future gamma-ray probes of the Cygnus OB2 environment  

SciTech Connect

The MAGIC Collaboration has provided new observational data pertaining to the TeV J2032+4130 gamma-ray source (within the Cygnus OB2 region), for energies E{sub {gamma}}>400 GeV. It is then appropriate to update the impact of these data on gamma-ray production mechanisms in stellar associations. We consider two mechanisms of gamma-ray emission, pion production and decay (PION) and photoexcitation of high-energy nuclei followed by prompt photoemission from the daughter nuclei (A*). We find that while the data can be accommodated with either scenario, the A* features a spectral bump, corresponding to the threshold for exciting the giant dipole resonance, which can serve to discriminate between them. We comment on neutrino emission and detection from the region if the PION and/or A* processes are operative. We also touch on the implications for this analysis of future Fermi and Cerenkov Telescope array data.

Anchordoqui, Luis A. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Torre C5, 2a planta, 08193 Barcelona (Spain); Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States); Goldberg, Haim [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States); Moore, Russell D. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States); Palomares-Ruiz, Sergio [Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas, Instituto Superior Tecnico, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Torres, Diego F. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Torre C5, 2a planta, 08193 Barcelona (Spain); Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats (ICREA) (Spain); Weiler, Thomas J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)

2009-11-15

273

Web intelligence for business coalition operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-business requires cooperation and open standard-based information\\/knowledge exchange between all the participants of global business information environment (e-business environment) in real-time. Scientific direction of knowledge logistics addresses this problem. This direction is closely related with a new direction for research and development in artificial intelligence and information technology areas \\

Alexander Smirnov; Mikhail Pashkin; Nikolai Chilov; Tatiana Levashova

2003-01-01

274

Employee development in a downsizing environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the meaning of employee development in a corporation experiencing force reductions. In this environment, development takes the form of enhancing employees' contributions on their present jobs and preparing them to meet the future needs of the business. The paper describes the personnel psychologist's role in establishing and communicating directions for skill development, maintaining opportunities for high potential

Manuel London

1987-01-01

275

Genes and Environment: How Will Our Concepts on the Pathophysiology of IBD Develop in the Future?  

PubMed Central

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has long been known to arise from the interplay between host and environmental factors. From this, a picture is currently emerging in which IBD is likely the result of a continuum of diseases that range from mono- and oligogenically inherited familial forms at one extreme to sporadic forms at the other extreme, which are polygenic in origin and strongly influenced by environmental factors and especially those of infectious origin. The recent expansion of knowledge on the genetic underpinning of IBD has revealed several converging and inter-related functional host pathways that are central to the pathogenesis of these disorders. These include pathways such as autophagy, intracellular bacterial sensing and the unfolded protein response, which play specific roles at the interface between the host and the highly complex microbial communities within the intestines. As such they focus on the functional relationship between the intestinal epithelium and the unique microbial and immune environments along its luminal and abluminal surfaces. Thus, the genetic and environmental factors which are relevant to IBD seem to have the common property of influencing disease by virtue of their specific impact upon the functional relationship between these microbial communities and the intestinal immune system.

Kaser, Arthur; Zeissig, Sebastian; Blumberg, Richard S.

2010-01-01

276

An Analysis of the e-Business Program in the School of Business Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article analyzes various present and future aspects of e-business as it is or should be incorporated in the school of business curriculum. The study uses both primary and secondary data. The results indicate that e-business courses are currently taught across the traditional disciplines of business schools. The courses are primarily taught as…

Sarkar, Shyamalendu; Reddy, Surender

2007-01-01

277

Pattern-based information portal for business plan co-creation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creation of business plans helps entrepreneurs in managing identification of business opportunities and committing necessary resources for process evolution. Applying patterns in business plan creation facilitates the identification of effective solutions that were adopted in the past and may provide a basis for adopting similar solutions in the future within given business context. The article presents the system design of an information portal for business plan co-creation based on patterns. The portal is going to provide start-up and entrepreneurs with ready-to-modify business plan patterns in order to help them in development of effective and efficient business plans. It will facilitate entrepreneurs in co-experimenting and co-learning more frequently and faster. Moreover, the paper focuses on the software architecture of the pattern based portal and explains the functionality of its modules, namely the pattern designer, pattern repository services and agent-based pattern implementers. It explains their role for business process co-creation, storing and managing patterns described formally, and selecting patterns best suited for specific business case. Thus, innovative entrepreneurs will be guided by the portal in co-writing winning business plans and staying competitive in the present day dynamic globalized environment.

Bontchev, Boyan; Ruskov, Petko; Tanev, Stoyan

2010-10-01

278

Virtual Businesses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Online business simulation games for teens Have you ever wanted to go into business for yourself? Someone who takes a risk and starts their own business is call an ENTREPRENEUR. Check out these games where you can try your hand at being an entrepreneur. Lemonade Stand See how much money you can make in 7, 14, or 30 days. It s My LIfe! Be ...

Tidwell, Pam

2009-09-29

279

Business Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Mathematical Association of America's Basic Library List - a bibliography of articles (in print, not on the Web) on Business Mathematics: Basic Skills; Algebra and Finite Mathematics; Business Statistics; Business Calculus; Economics; Finance; Marketing; and Introductory and Advanced Actuarial Mathematics.

2007-02-19

280

From process logic to business logic - A cognitive approach to business process management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unpredictability of business activities means that business process management should provide a way to adapt to change. The traditional workflow approach, based on predefined process logic, offers little support for today's complex and dynamic business environment. Therefore, a cognitive approach is proposed to help manage complex business activities, based on continuous awareness of situations and real-time decisions on activities.

Minhong Wang; Huaiqing Wang

2006-01-01

281

Future Leadership Competencies: From Foresight to Current Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: With tectonic plate shifting change and continuous uncertainty, a reliance on leadership competencies rooted in the past will no longer be successful. Instead, it is argued that the emerging business environment now demands a new set of leadership skills that are aligned to the requirements of the future. This paper aims to address these…

O'Brien, Emma; Robertson, Phillipa

2009-01-01

282

Future Leadership Competencies: From Foresight to Current Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: With tectonic plate shifting change and continuous uncertainty, a reliance on leadership competencies rooted in the past will no longer be successful. Instead, it is argued that the emerging business environment now demands a new set of leadership skills that are aligned to the requirements of the future. This paper aims to address these…

O'Brien, Emma; Robertson, Phillipa

2009-01-01

283

Expert systems in business  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in expert systems point toward success for this technology in business environments. Expert systems employ unique programming techniques to model expert decisions. The production system has thus far proved to be the best programming method for expert knowledge. Some expert systems have been verified as performing at an expert level, either scientifically or through field use. Some examples of behavioural variables found in a business environment are described. Executives who choose to ignore expert systems may find themselves at a competitive disadvantage within the next decade.

Michaelsen, R.; Michie, D.

1983-11-01

284

Business-to-business market making on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the emergence of market-making as a viable business model on the Internet. Exploratory field research suggests that business-to-business marketers with international audiences might find this environment most in need of the roles an electronic middleman can play. Examines the critical factors which influence success for these new market makers (MMs) and the trade-offs they must make to ensure that

Lisa R. Klein; John A. Quelch

1997-01-01

285

One Environmental Education Center's Industry Initiative: Collaborating to Create More Environmentally and Economically Sustainable Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Centre for Environment Education (CEE) added an Industry Initiative to its portfolio of more traditional environmental education programs in 1993. This article documents the start-up and evolution of that program and the ways that businesses and CEE have worked together for a sustainable future. A specific 18-month project, in which CEE and an…

Hollweg, Karen S.

2009-01-01

286

One Environmental Education Center's Industry Initiative: Collaborating to Create More Environmentally and Economically Sustainable Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Centre for Environment Education (CEE) added an Industry Initiative to its portfolio of more traditional environmental education programs in 1993. This article documents the start-up and evolution of that program and the ways that businesses and CEE have worked together for a sustainable future. A specific 18-month project, in which CEE and…

Hollweg, Karen S.

2009-01-01

287

Business modelling for business redesign  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for a new class of modelling methods is indicated in order to effectively perform business redesign, focussing on the essential characteristics of a business. A model of the essential characteristics leaves the right design freedom to the information and organization experts to do their job in an optimal way, and consequently provides the ideal starting point for business

Jan L. G. Dietz

1994-01-01

288

The Effects of a Strengths-Based Assessment and Development Program on First-Term Masters of Business Administration Students and Future Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adults returning to graduate school to acquire a master of business administration (MBA) degree face a myriad of challenges as they attempt to manage academic responsibilities, work, family, and social obligations. Currently, a number of educational professionals only look to identify and remediate student deficiencies. Developing existing…

Hohn, Michael C.

2009-01-01

289

A Version Management Method for Managing Business Process Changes Based on Version-Stamped Business Process Change Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an efficient version management method for BPM systems based on business process change patterns and the version stamp method. In managing business processes in a dynamic business environment, a proper process version management method for handling multiple coexisting versions of a business process is required. However, the traditional delta method for business process version management could not

Namhun Lee; Dongsoo Kim; Minsoo Kim; Sukho Kang

2008-01-01

290

Clinical research: assessing the future in a changing environment; summary report of conference sponsored by the American Medical Association Council on Scientific Affairs, Washington, DC, March 1996.  

PubMed

Concerns about funding of clinical research underlie all other problems identified at the Council on Scientific Affairs conference. Future National Institutes of Health (NIH) budgets are likely to be constant at best, and the general public expects cost containment to be an ongoing goal; this is exacerbated by the impending Medicare Trust Fund crisis. Meanwhile, traditional financial support of clinical research in academic medical centers (AMCs) through cross-subsidization is imperiled by competitive pressures largely caused by managed care. Although managed care organizations (MCOs) are potentially rich sources of funding and other resources, and some not-for-profit companies are conducting some research, for-profit MCOs have not demonstrated an understanding of the importance of clinical research. Young physicians are being discouraged from careers as clinical researchers and established investigators are "dropping out" because of demands for clinical productivity and competition for research grants, loss of patients/research subjects to managed care, perceived lack of status and compensation, and overall uncertainty about continued financial support. Efforts to assist current and potential clinical investigators are discussed in this report. Loss of patients, denial of reimbursement, and competition with MCOs and contract research organizations (CROs) have placed AMCs under unprecedented pressure. However, research centers located in AMCs have allowed investigators to conduct clinical research by providing a "protected environment." Furthermore, many AMCs are determined to continue conducting clinical research and are addressing related problems. Although the NIH will continue to be a major source of funding for clinical research, partnerships between various private and public entities provide important opportunities to maximize the productivity of all individuals and institutions involved. Potential partnerships include MCOs, AMCs, CROs, pharmaceutical companies and other industry, the Department of Defense, the Veterans Health Administration, practice-based physicians, and private foundations and patient support groups. "Partnerships in advocacy" for clinical research will be essential. Efforts to recruit for-profit MCOs to the clinical research endeavor identified in this report include (1) emphasizing issues of interest to them (eg, outcomes research); (2) stressing the significance of some research to the marketplace; (3) developing criteria to distinguish individual MCOs on the basis of their contribution to the public interest; (4) equating money spent on research with "R&D dollars" spent in nonmedical business enterprises; and (5) educating purchasers of health care (eg, corporate health plan directors) about clinical research. Conducting clinical research in all managed care settings requires leadership, the understanding and cooperation of physicians and support staff, wise use of limited resources (ie, funding only the best research projects), sound methodology, and above all, the perception that the research will ultimately improve patient care. PMID:9552090

Meyer, M; Genel, M; Altman, R D; Williams, M A; Allen, J R

1998-03-01

291

The Future Fisheries:Constraints and Possibilities Sustainability – Ecological Impact from Fisheries, the Political Environment and How This May Affect the Future of Capture Fisheries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fisheries, and in particular those in the North Atlantic, have attracted increased pub- lic attention in recent years. This has resulted in a change of the political climate in which fisheries shall operate in the future. In this paper, an attempt is made to identify some of the future constraints in marine fisheries. This is done on the basic assumption

Hans Lassen

1998-01-01

292

BPMS: business process management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last years a lot of research has been done in different domains concerning information system applications. Recent research is characterized by the effort of applying information systems to heterogeneous and distributed environments. Information systems dealing with the definition, administration, customization and evaluation of tasks evolving from business processes as well as from organizational structures are called Business Process

Dimitris Karagiannis

1995-01-01

293

Hispanic Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online counterpart to the print magazine Hispanic Business, this straightforward site features a daily news feed of articles of interest to the Hispanic business community. Also available here are articles from the current issue of Hispanic Business, including features on the topics of entrepreneurship, investing, and business start-ups. A Century of Hispanic History in the US is an interesting interactive presentation highlighting some of the important points of Hispanic-American history, politics, and entertainment in the 20th century. This site is chock-full of pertinent and current information. However, the site's navigational layout is somewhat confusing, which makes searching the site difficult.

294

Business intelligence and customer relationship management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business Intelligence is a concept of using information technology as a tool for achieving the competitiveness of businesses, the perception of risk that occurs in the environment within the firm, and the possibility of action. Complementary use of CRM systems and Business Intelligence, provides a holistic approach to customers which includes improvements in customer profiling, simpler detection value for customers,

Aida Habul; Amila Pilav-Velic

2010-01-01

295

Beyond Greening the Business School Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The business community is increasingly aware of the natural environmental and how a significant number of business practices are adversely affecting that environment and our planet. Businesses must take a leadership role, though economic systems, not only in recovering and preserving our planet but also managing financial and human resources with…

Lancaster, Lilly M.; Rook, Sarah P.

2010-01-01

296

Intelligent techniques for business intelligence in healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business intelligence is a new methodology to maximize the benefits for healthcare organization Business intelligence provides an integrated view of data that can be used to monitor, key performance indicators, identify hidden patterns in diagnosis and identify variations in cost factors. Intelligent techniques provide an effective computational methods and robust environment for business intelligence in the healthcare domain. From the

Maria Antonina Mach; Abdel-Badeeh M. Salem

2010-01-01

297

Business Model Innovation -- From Customer Value Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

How apply e-commerce to innovate business model, exploit new sources of profit is an important problem in the network economy for each company. In the EC environment, the industry boundaries become blurred, business model is becoming a strategic analysis unit replacing the traditional analysis on enterprise and industry, business model innovation is becoming a research hot spot. Through content analysis

Junmei Zhang; He Gang; Yao Jianwen

2010-01-01

298

DOD Business Systems Modernization: Planned Investment in Navy Program to Create Cashless Shipboard Environment Needs to Be Justified and Better Managed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

GAO has designated the Department of Defense's (DOD) multi-billion dollar business systems modernization efforts as high risk, in part because key information technology (IT) management controls have not been implemented on key investments, such as the Na...

2008-01-01

299

Analysis of the interrelationship of energy, economy, and environment: A model of a sustainable energy future for Korea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary purpose of this dissertation is to provide the groundwork for a sustainable energy future in Korea. For this purpose, a conceptual framework of sustainable energy development was developed to provide a deeper understanding of interrelationships between energy, the economy, and the environment (E 3). Based on this theoretical work, an empirical simulation model was developed to investigate the ways in which E3 interact. This dissertation attempts to develop a unified concept of sustainable energy development by surveying multiple efforts to integrate various definitions of sustainability. Sustainable energy development should be built on the basis of three principles: ecological carrying capacity, economic efficiency, and socio-political equity. Ecological carrying capacity delineates the earth's resource constraints as well as its ability to assimilate wastes. Socio-political equity implies an equitable distribution of the benefits and costs of energy consumption and an equitable distribution of environmental burdens. Economic efficiency dictates efficient allocation of scarce resources. The simulation model is composed of three modules: an energy module, an environmental module and an economic module. Because the model is grounded on economic structural behaviorism, the dynamic nature of the current economy is effectively depicted and simulated through manipulating exogenous policy variables. This macro-economic model is used to simulate six major policy intervention scenarios. Major findings from these policy simulations were: (1) carbon taxes are the most effective means of reducing air-pollutant emissions; (2) sustainable energy development can be achieved through reinvestment of carbon taxes into energy efficiency and renewable energy programs; and (3) carbon taxes would increase a nation's welfare if reinvested in relevant areas. The policy simulation model, because it is based on neoclassical economics, has limitations such that it cannot fully account for socio-political realities (inter- and intra-generational equity) which are core feature of sustainability. Thus, alternative approaches based on qualitative analysis, such as the multi-criteria approach, will be required to complement the current policy simulation model.

Boo, Kyung-Jin

300

Business justification with business intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper intends to find out the business justifications and requirements for incorporating business intelligence (BI) in organizations because many organizations that already have systems in place to collect data and gather information, often find themselves in a situation where they have no tools or roadmaps to put their vast data and information into use for strategic decision

Jayanthi Ranjan

2008-01-01

301

Distributed data mining for e-business  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the internet-based e-business environment, most business data are distributed, heterogeneous and private. To achieve true\\u000a business intelligence, mining large amounts of distributed data is necessary. Through a thorough literature review, this paper\\u000a identifies four main issues in distributed data mining (DDM) systems for e-business and classifies modern DDM systems into\\u000a three classes with representative samples. To address these identified

Bin Liu; Shu Gui Cao; Wu He

2011-01-01

302

IT Security Governance for e-Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Security is very important in e-Business. Previous IT governance frameworks have not given the connection between IT governance and e-business security sufficient attention. This paper identifies various levels of governance followed by a focus in the roles of information technology (IT) governance with reference to information security for today' s electronic business (e-business) environment. The emergence of and dependence

Rosslin John Robles; Na-Yun Kim; Tai-hoon Kim

2008-01-01

303

Business model concepts: a review with case illustration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews what kinds of business models exists in literature and what kinds of consequences has been re- ceived when utilizing the best-of-breed business model in prac- tice. The applicability of current business model concepts is illus- trated with a case study. The future research should strive to build business model conceptualizations that are capable in aid- ing selection

M. Seppanen; S. Makinen

2005-01-01

304

Practicing What We Teach – Ethical Considerations for Business Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The raging cynicism felt toward businesses and business leaders is a by-product of perceived violations in the social contracts owed to the public. Business schools have a unique opportunity to make a significant impact on present and future business leaders, but ‘practicing what we teach’ is a critical condition precedent. This paper presents frameworks for ethical practices for assessing the

Cam Caldwell; Ranjan Karri; Thomas Matula

2005-01-01

305

Business Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Georgia State University's website on Business Writing was designed as a tool for teachers creating new business writing courses. Included in the samples are class projects, student assignments, teaching philosophies, and multi-media suggestions for teaching writing to large groups. In addition to the syllabi provided, there are schedule breakdowns for classes held three times a week or two times per week, and assessment tips. This website could be valuable to any instructor of writing, but especially helpful for those designing business writing courses.

2007-03-24

306

The Dynamics of Multicultural NPD Teams in Virtual Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Changes in the business environment, responses of companies to these changes and the available information and communication technologies (ICT) pose a number of challenges to present and future product developers, as well as to educational institutions. An appropriate response to these challenges is to create a solid basis for strategies to…

Fain, Nusa; Kline, Miro

2013-01-01

307

The small enterprise as the authentic learning environment opportunity (SEALEO)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this study is to address the question of how to provide the appropriate learning environment and experience to foster an entrepreneurial attitude and capture the enthusiasm to shape the future change-makers in enterprise, entrepreneurship and small business within the cost, resource and timing constraints of higher education in a changing, global and ethnically diverse world.

Janette Munro; Roger Cook

2008-01-01

308

The “selection, training, follow and evaluation framework” (STFEF) for manager's in business innovation transformation projects” the Human Factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most risky factors in transforming a traditional Business Environment (BE) will be the Management of the Human Factor. Once the transformation ends, the control and evaluation of the human factor starts. This paper defines the future framework's factors that influences the success of the adaptation of the Human Factor to change. The proposed Select , Train, Follow

Antoine Trad; Damir Kalpic

2011-01-01

309

The genesis of neurosurgery and the evolution of the neurosurgical operative environment: part II--concepts for future development, 2003 and beyond.  

PubMed

The future development of the neurosurgical operative environment is driven principally by concurrent development in science and technology. In the new millennium, these developments are taking on a Jules Verne quality, with the ability to construct and manipulate the human organism and its surroundings at the level of atoms and molecules seemingly at hand. Thus, an examination of currents in technology advancement from the neurosurgical perspective can provide insight into the evolution of the neurosurgical operative environment. In the future, the optimal design solution for the operative environment requirements of specialized neurosurgery may take the form of composites of venues that are currently mutually distinct. Advances in microfabrication technology and laser optical manipulators are expanding the scope and role of robotics, with novel opportunities for bionic integration. Assimilation of biosensor technology into the operative environment promises to provide neurosurgeons of the future with a vastly expanded set of physiological data, which will require concurrent simplification and optimization of analysis and presentation schemes to facilitate practical usefulness. Nanotechnology derivatives are shattering the maximum limits of resolution and magnification allowed by conventional microscopes. Furthermore, quantum computing and molecular electronics promise to greatly enhance computational power, allowing the emerging reality of simulation and virtual neurosurgery for rehearsal and training purposes. Progressive minimalism is evident throughout, leading ultimately to a paradigm shift as the nanoscale is approached. At the interface between the old and new technological paradigms, issues related to integration may dictate the ultimate emergence of the products of the new paradigm. Once initiated, however, history suggests that the process of change will proceed rapidly and dramatically, with the ultimate neurosurgical operative environment of the future being far more complex in functional capacity but strikingly simple in apparent form. PMID:12493098

Liu, Charles Y; Spicer, Mark; Apuzzo, Michael L J

2003-01-01

310

Building Businesses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how Washington University (St. Louis, MO) converted odd space into a program allowing students to be shopkeepers for necessary services and the school assuming the role of landlord. Tips for overseeing student businesses are highlighted. (GR)

Sturgeon, Julie

2000-01-01

311

Business Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business intelligence (BI) is a data-driven DSS that combines data gathering, data storage, and knowledge management with\\u000a analysis to provide input to the decision process. The term originated in 1989; prior to that many of its characteristics\\u000a were part of executive information systems. Business intelligence emphasizes analysis of large volumes of data about the firm\\u000a and its operations. It includes

Solomon Negash; Paul Gray

2003-01-01

312

Social Media Marketing in a Small Business: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today’s social media driven environment, it is essential that small businesses understand Facebook, Twitter, and the strategies behind using social media for growing their business. Unfortunately, many small businesses do not have a strategy when they begin using social media. The purpose of this study is to understand how the owner of a small business, recognized for using social

Sarah Cox

2012-01-01

313

Achieving flexibility in business process modeling using an algebraic language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Companies nowadays are under increasing pressure to adapt their business processes to the ever-changing business environment. However, most traditional business process modeling (BPM) methods lack enough flexibility. It is hard to extract and reuse information and knowledge embedded in the existing business process models to build new models. We propose an algebraic framework based on a many-sorted algebra, algebra of

Lan Xiao; Benjamin H. Y. Koo; Li Zheng

2009-01-01

314

Web Service-Based Business Intelligence System Research and Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the limitations of the traditional components technology in the development of the business intelligence systems are analyzed. According to the ever-changing characteristic of modern business environment, through analyzing the adaptability and superiority of Web Service technology in the business intelligence system, the business intelligence architecture based on Web Service technology is presented. And then the architecture is

Changqiong Shi; Dafang Zhang

2008-01-01

315

Business Virtualization Influences Marketing Innovation: A Theoretical Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise of Internet brings business to another com petitive realm, or operation in conventional, physi cal marketplace heading for modern, virtual marketspace. Business m anagers often speculate on the business needs innov ative form of operation under intensive change of environment. Th e alignment and transformation of the organizationa l structure should be actively reflected while a business has

Ta-Hsiang Hung; Yung-Ching Ho

2009-01-01

316

Using TRIZ to Create Innovative Business Models and Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most companies have many subjects around their business, and wish fast and effective solutions with new information technology. In other words, companies and their clients want innovative and impressive business solutions, to overcome severe business environment. We tried to use 40 Inventive Principles and a Contradiction matrix of 'invention methodology TRIZ', to create innovative business models and products. In this

Atsuko Ishida

2003-01-01

317

Future switching system requirements  

SciTech Connect

What network construction and operations should a network provider expect in the future To answer this question, the author first discusses the new environment surrounding the network from two aspects: the business administration aspect, which involves the issues of competition and cooperation, reduction in labor, and new services; and the technological aspect, which involves the issues of open and global networks and the fusion of telecommunications and information processing technologies. Then, on that basis, there is clarification of what is required of the switching system in terms of architecture, connectivity, reliability, and security. Finally, there is a description of the form of the expected switching system in terms of architecture, and the enhancement of call control, operations, and the user-network interface. 3 refs., 2 figs.

Aoki, Toshiharu (NTT, Tokyo (Japan))

1993-01-01

318

Redesigning the Traditional Business Gaming Process: Aiming to Capture Business Process Authenticity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The constantly changing business environment has forced many organizations to move away from focusing on individual tasks and functions to focusing on more integrated and coordinated ways of work. Higher-level business and information systems (IS) education is also in a state of change, as the traditional curriculum does not coincide with business

Lainema, Timo

2004-01-01

319

Keys to the Future of American Business. Proceedings from the Creativity, Innovation & Entrepreneurship Symposium (2nd, Washington, D.C., March 21-22, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These proceedings present 5 keynote addresses and 28 session papers focusing on creation of environments for stimulating entrepreneurial activities. The keynote addresses are "Entrepreneurial Leadership--A Performing Art" (Gordon L. Lippitt); "Innovation & Entrepreneurship at Work in a Large Company" (George F. Troy); "Thoughts Regarding…

Solomon, George T., Ed.; Whiting, Bruce G., Ed.

320

Research Review: Gene-Environment Interaction Research in Youth Depression--A Systematic Review with Recommendations for Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Depression is a major public health problem among youth, currently estimated to affect as many as 9% of US children and adolescents. The recognition that both genes (nature) and environments (nurture) are important for understanding the etiology of depression has led to a rapid growth in research exploring gene-environment interactions…

Dunn, Erin C.; Uddin, Monica; Subramanian, S. V.; Smoller, Jordan W.; Galea, Sandro; Koenen, Karestan C.

2011-01-01

321

The Role of Feedback in Preparation for Future Learning: A Case Study in Learning by Teaching Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research on the timing and content of feedback on student learning in computer-based learning environments has shown that directed or corrective feedback helps with immediate learning, whereas guided and metacognitive feedback help in gaining deep understanding of the domain and developing the ability to transfer this knowledge. Feedback becomes important in discovery learning environments, where novice students are often

Jason Tan; Gautam Biswas

2006-01-01

322

Research Review: Gene-Environment Interaction Research in Youth Depression--A Systematic Review with Recommendations for Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Depression is a major public health problem among youth, currently estimated to affect as many as 9% of US children and adolescents. The recognition that both genes (nature) and environments (nurture) are important for understanding the etiology of depression has led to a rapid growth in research exploring gene-environment

Dunn, Erin C.; Uddin, Monica; Subramanian, S. V.; Smoller, Jordan W.; Galea, Sandro; Koenen, Karestan C.

2011-01-01

323

Virtual Reality: The Future of Animated Virtual Instructor, the Technology and Its Emergence to a Productive E-Learning Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of Virtual Reality (VR) in e-learning environments where an intelligent three-dimensional (3D) virtual person plays the role of an instructor. With the existence of this virtual instructor, it is hoped that the teaching and learning in the e-environment will be more effective and productive. This virtual 3D animated…

Jiman, Juhanita

324

Action Learning: FBLA-PBL in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the recognition and integration into the curriculum of business student organizations. Emphasis is placed on Future Business Leaders of America, a secondary education organization, and its postsecondary sister organization, Phi Beta Lambda. (CH)

Fracaroli, Mary Lynn

1988-01-01

325

The Business Grid: Providing Transactional Business Processes via Grid Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Web Services provide a suitable technical foundation for making business processes accessible within and across enterprises.\\u000a The business logic encapsulated inside Web Services often resides in already existing transactional backend-systems. However,\\u000a the scope of these systems is normally limited to their domain and is not distributed across heterogeneous environments.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a In this paper, we investigate the impact of the emerging Web

Frank Leymann; Kai Güntzel

2003-01-01

326

University Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For good or ill, the landscape of higher education throughout the United States is changing rapidly, and the University Business website is a good way to keep in touch with the related transformations. Visitors to the site can read the contents of the current issue, which features articles on a myriad of subjects ranging from graduate student unions to new distance education technology, or browse through the online archive dating back to 2002. The site also contains special sections such as a calendar of upcoming conferences and workshops, case studies, and white papers. Users will also appreciate the Best Of feature, which brings together the most compelling writings from University Business on finance and technology-related issues in higher education. For those who find this information particularly relevant and helpful, the website also has a place where they may sign up to receive UBDaily, the e-newsletter delivered (at no charge) every business day.

327

Developing Business Models for eBusiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper introduces first insights into a methodology for developing eBusiness business models, which was elaborated at evolaris and is currently validated in various business cases. This methodology relies upon a definition of the term business model, which is first examined and upon which prerequisites for such a methodology are presented. A business model is based on a mental representation

Otto Petrovic; Christian Kittl; Ryan D. Teksten

2001-01-01

328

Development of the future aeronautical subnetworks traffic evaluator (FASTE) for CNS systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The FASTE-CNS project is the first phase of a software-based set of tools to assist in the complex task of estimating and modeling aeronautical traffic for future operational environments; including general aviation, business aviation and commercial air transport. Traffic estimating involves two major activities: determination of transactional loads and determination of aircraft densities for the region of interest. Transactional analysis

S. W. Mainger; D. Robinson; C. A. Wargo

2002-01-01

329

Business Forecasting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Fred Collopy, Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University, this site provides access to current research in business forecasting. The most up-to-date information is maintained in the News section, complete with links to up-coming conferences, competitions, and publications. Annotated links to major business forecasting associations, datasets, and software providers are also provided, in addition to a bibliography of print materials and M-Competition Data--time series from three forecasting competitions available for download on site.

2007-05-20

330

Research of B2B e-Business Application and Development Technology Based on SOA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today, the B2B e-business systems in most enterprises usually have multiple heterogeneous and independent systems which are based on different platforms and operate in different functional departments. To deal with the increased services in future, an enterprise needs to expand its system continuously. This, however, will cause great inconvenience to the future system maintenance. To implement e-business successfully, a unified internal e-business integration environment must be established to integrate the internal system and thus realize a unified internal mechanism within the enterprise e-business system. The SOA (service-oriented architecture), however, can well meet the above requirements. The integration of SOA-based applications can reduce the dependency of different types of IT systems, reduce the cost of system maintenance and the complexity of the IT system operation, increase the flexibility of the system deployment, and at the same time exclude the barrier of service innovation. Research and application of SOA-based enterprise application systems has become a very important research project at present. Based on SOA, this document designs an enterprise e-business application model and realizes a flexible and expandable e-business platform.

Xian, Li Liang

331

Mineral formation on metallic copper in a 'Future repository site environment': Textural considerations based on natural analogs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Copper mineral formation in the Swedish 'repository site environment' is discussed. Special attention is given to ore mineral textures (=the spatial relation among minerals), with examples given from nature. It is concluded: By analogy with observations f...

O. Amcoff

1998-01-01

332

Capitalists and Christians: Business Leaders and the Churches in Britain 1900-1960  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a study of the relationship between capitalism and Christianity in twentieth-century Britain. David Jeremy examines the collective biographies of three business elites in order to explore issues important to business and religion. How did the churches shape the thinking of future business leaders? What impact did Christianity have on big business? How has the participation of business people

David J. Jeremy

1991-01-01

333

Business Chinese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The instructional guide to business Chinese consists of 12 two-part specially composed narrative essays on all aspects of Chinese foreign trade ranging from broad principles and policies to details of operation and procedure. Each lesson is followed by a summary of its main points, 10 questions to guide discussion or conversational practice, and a…

Wang, John, Comp.; And Others

334

Business session \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The workshop also includes a business section that will focus on aspects of Social Media in the News domain. Panelists with expertise in innovation management, news provision, journalism and market developments will discuss some of the challenges of and opportunities for the news sector with regards to Social Media. This part of the workshop is organized and brought to you

Jochen Spangenberg

2012-01-01

335

Simulating dynamic carrying capacity of the Icelandic environment for land use in relation to past and future climatic fluctuations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presented paper aims at clarifying the complex interaction between biotic and abiotic factors influencing land cover changes in sub-arctic landscapes, especially issues regarding the carrying capacity of the ecosystem, such as land use pressure and grazing potential. This is important for the understanding of the land degradation processes and thus for the future land use and sustainability. The results

Hördur V. Haraldsson; Rannveig Ólafsdóttir; Mats Svensson

336

Study on Supply Chain Finance in E-Business Circumstances  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes a discussion on supply chain finance from the angle of commercial banking business service in e-business environment. First of all, supply chain is briefly introduced, e-business is introduced too, and then impact of e-business on supply chain management, supply chain finance and its solution are emphatically discussed based on e-business. Coming up is the research on designs

Xiong Shaoyu

2009-01-01

337

Impact of Growing Business on Software Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When growing their businesses, software organizations should not only put effort into developing and executing their business strategies, but also into managing and improving their internal software development processes and aligning them with business growth strategies. It is only in this way they may confirm that their businesses grow in a healthy and sustainable way. In this paper, we map out one software company's business growth on the course of its historical events and identify its impact on the company's software production processes and capabilities. The impact concerns benefits, challenges, problems and lessons learned. The most important lesson learned is that although business growth has become a stimulus for starting thinking and improving software processes, the organization lacked guidelines aiding it in and aligning it to business growth. Finally, the paper generates research questions providing a platform for future research.

Nikitina, Natalja; Kajko-Mattsson, Mira

338

Future energy system in environment, economy, and energy problems (1) nuclear system as a solution to the E³ trilemma  

Microsoft Academic Search

World energy demand is projected to double or triple by the turn of the 21. century. Particularly in developing countries, global warming is emerging as a serious issue. It makes the harmonization of energy, environment, and economy an urgent and major task for mankind. An optimization analysis has shown that the non-nuclear scenario will drive up the average electric power

Kazumi KEDA; Hiroshi SEKIMOTO

2006-01-01

339

Marine environment protection and biodiversity conservation: the application and future development of the IMO's particularly sensitive sea area concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of marine environment protection and biodiversity conservation, a number of measures adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) can be viewed as implementing obligations and recommendations of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Chapter 17 of Agenda 21 and the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity respectively. Pre-eminent among these measures is the

Julian Peter Roberts

2006-01-01

340

SustainableBusiness.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SustainableBusiness.com is a great resource for any environmentally-minded or environmentally-curious person. Sustainable Business is an organization that is helping to promote sustainable business practices throughout the world. Their website publicizes the latest developments, trends, and job listings in sustainable business, in addition to investor guides, connecting businesses with investors, and supplying information to businesses.

2007-10-08

341

Searching for excellence in business education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to contradict past and present perceptions of excellence in business education, and to present excellence as a primary element for future business education in an era of new challenges for global management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach, by which this paper is structured, is theoretical and has been based on literature regarding excellence

Loukas N. Anninos; Leonidas Chytiris

2011-01-01

342

Teaching Business IT Ethics: A Professional Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In UK higher education a primary aim of business IT-related qualifications is the preparation of students for a relevant career. In this article we discuss an approach to teaching business IT ethics in a university context that prepares students for the ethical problems that they may meet in their future IT careers, and we demonstrate how this…

Taylor, Mark; Moynihan, Eddie; McWilliam, Jennie; Gresty, David

2004-01-01

343

Asynchronous Learning Forums for Business Acculturation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of IT as a facilitator for student collaboration in higher business education has grown rapidly since 2000. Asynchronous discussion forums are used abundantly for collaborative training purposes and for teaching students business-relevant tools for their future careers. This article presents an analysis of the asynchronous discussion forum…

Pence, Christine Cope; Wulf, Catharina

2009-01-01

344

Working group 4 of International Standardization Organization -experience of developing the standards of space environment: status of 2010 and roadmap for the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the beginning of 90's space environment international standards have been developed within the scope of ISO WG4 activities. This has been the first attempt to develop interna-tional standards of physical phenomena of natural environment such as galactic cosmic rays (GCR), solar energetic particles (SEP), the Earth's magnetic field, the ionosphere, the plasma-sphere, etc. The main difficulty faced when developing the international standards is the lack of common methods for characterizing many natural phenomena. However, if methods have been successfully developed, such standards can play an outstanding role in the engineering requirements for spacecraft designs. This report is a survey of the current status of the inter-national standards under development within the scope of the WG4 activity plan and roadmap for the future.

Panasyuk, Mikhail; Tobiska, W. Kent

345

Everybody's business.  

PubMed

The provision of specialist-level care for patients with chronic kidney disease in rural and remote areas is a significant challenge. There are well-recognized barriers to care in these areas but in addition there is a widely held view that the responsibility for chronic kidney disease falls to nephrologists, despite the lack of nephrologists in remote regions and the high burden of disease. This article describes how in Central Australia specialists and remote-based primary carers have adapted their usual roles and found new ways of working together to provide high-quality specialist-level care for remote chronic kidney disease patients. We are evolving a model where chronic kidney disease is no longer nephrologists' business but is everybody's business, with primary carers providing much of the routine specialist-level care. PMID:15601401

O'Sullivan, Ciara; Brady, Stephen J; Lawton, Paul D; Love, Cathy M

2004-12-01

346

EIAW: Towards a Business-Friendly Data Warehouse Using Semantic Web Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data warehouse is now widely used in business anal ysis and decision making processes. To adapt the rapidly changing business environment, we develop a tool to make data warehouses more business-friendly by using Semantic Web technologies. The main idea is to make business semantics explicit by uniformly representing the business met adata (i.e. conceptual enterprise data model and multidimensional model)

Guotong Xie; Yang Yang; Shengping Liu; Zhaoming Qiu; Yue Pan; Xiongzhi Zhou

2007-01-01

347

Information Quality Improvement as a Measure of Business Intelligence System Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since business intelligence systems' impact on performance is first of all long-termed and indirect, most measures of business value are not sufficiently close to immediate influence of such systems and therefore not suitable to justify investments into business intelligence systems in real business environments. Thus, measures related to increased information quality as a result of business intelligence systems introduction are

JURIJ JAKLIC; PEDRO SIMÕES COELHO; ALES POPOVIC

2009-01-01

348

The future for PCMs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future of MEMS is multifaceted, complex, and subject to change, in response to the prevailing winds of investment by government and commercial entities, somewhat like New England weather. Undaunted by these challenges, this author will present a forecast of the future from the perspectives of technology development, business growth and system integration. In many respects, MEMS technology development parallels

Kevan Pearson

1982-01-01

349

Business Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Business Review, a bimonthly publication from the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadephia, features articles written by the Bank staff. This page links to the most current issue, while previous editions are archived. All articles may be downloaded in .pdf format. "Financial Modernization: Vastly Different or Fundamentally the Same?" and "Economics and the New Economy: The Invisible Hand meets Creative Destruction" are the two articles that make up the July/ August issue.

350

Greater Caribbean Energy and Environment Future. Ad hoc working group report, Key Biscayne, Florida, October 26-28, 1980  

SciTech Connect

This report of Workshop I (presented in outline form) by the Greater Caribbean Energy and Environment Foundation begin an intensive focus on the energy problems of the Caribbean. The process by which environmental assessments by tropical experts can be successfully integrated into energy decisions is by: (1) international loan institutions requiring or strongly recommending excellent assessments; (2) engineering awareness of total effects of energy projects; (3) governmental environmental consciousness-raising with regard to natural resource value and potential inadvertent and unnecessary resource losses during energy development; and (4) media participation. Section headings in the outline are: preamble; introduction; research tasks: today and twenty years hence; needed research, demonstration and information dissemination projects to get knowledge about Caribbean energy-environment used; summary; recommendations; generalized conclusions; and background literature. (JGB)

Thorhaug, A. (ed.)

1980-01-01

351

Traditional Foods and Practices of Spanish-Speaking Latina Mothers Influence the Home Food Environment: Implications for Future Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to obtain in-depth information from low-income, Spanish-speaking Latino families with young children to guide the development of culturally appropriate nutrition interventions. Focus groups were used to assess parent's knowledge about healthful eating, the home food environment, perceived influences on children's eating habits, food purchasing practices, and commonly used strategies to promote healthful eating among their children. Thirty-four

Alexandra Evans; Sherman Chow; Rose Jennings; Jayna Dave; Kathryn Scoblick; Katherine Regan Sterba; Jennifer Loyo

2011-01-01

352

Liquidity and the business cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show evidence of a contemporaneous relation between stock market liquidity and the business cycle. Stock market liquidity worsen when the economy is slowing down, and this effect is most pronounced for small firms. Using data for both the US and Norway, we find strong evidence that stock market liquidity predict the current and future state of the economy. We

Randi Naes; Johannes A. Skjeltorp; Bernt Arne Odegaard

2008-01-01

353

Business to Business Electronic Commerce at Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet brings many changes to our business relationships but the current euphoria about e-commerce and virtual enterprises has a tendency to bury the long experience we actually have in these areas under a lot of hype. Business to business relationships on an electronic basis have a long and successful history if we include intracompany and fax-based business activities. Similarly

Erich J. Neuhold

2000-01-01

354

Business intelligence modeling in launch operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of business intelligence in space exploration will focus on the intelligent system-of-systems real-time enterprise. In present business intelligence, a number of technologies that are most relevant to space exploration are experiencing the greatest change. Emerging patterns of set of processes rather than organizational units leading to end-to-end automation is becoming a major objective of enterprise information technology. The cost element is a leading factor of future exploration systems. This technology project is to advance an integrated Planning and Management Simulation Model for evaluation of risks, costs, and reliability of launch systems from Earth to Orbit for Space Exploration. The approach builds on research done in the NASA ARC/KSC developed Virtual Test Bed (VTB) to integrate architectural, operations process, and mission simulations for the purpose of evaluating enterprise level strategies to reduce cost, improve systems operability, and reduce mission risks. The objectives are to understand the interdependency of architecture and process on recurring launch cost of operations, provide management a tool for assessing systems safety and dependability versus cost, and leverage lessons learned and empirical models from Shuttle and International Space Station to validate models applied to Exploration. The systems-of-systems concept is built to balance the conflicting objectives of safety, reliability, and process strategy in order to achieve long term sustainability. A planning and analysis test bed is needed for evaluation of enterprise level options and strategies for transit and launch systems as well as surface and orbital systems. This environment can also support agency simulation based acquisition process objectives. The technology development approach is based on the collaborative effort set forth in the VTB's integrating operations, process models, systems and environment models, and cost models as a comprehensive disciplined enterprise analysis environment. Significant emphasis is being placed on adapting root cause from existing Shuttle operations to exploration. Technical challenges include cost model validation, integration of parametric models with discrete event process and systems simulations, and large-scale simulation integration. The enterprise architecture is required for coherent integration of systems models. It will also require a plan for evolution over the life of the program. The proposed technology will produce long-term benefits in support of the NASA objectives for simulation based acquisition, will improve the ability to assess architectural options verses safety/risk for future exploration systems, and will facilitate incorporation of operability as a systems design consideration, reducing overall life cycle cost for future systems.

Bardina, Jorge E.; Thirumalainambi, Rajkumar; Davis, Rodney D.

2005-05-01

355

Business Value of Business Intelligence Systems Lies in Improved Business Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's competitive marketplace, organizations must focus scarce resources on the strategies most likely to yield success. Business intelligence (BI) helps them achieve this focus giving the complete vision to learn from the past, monitor and communicate the present, and gain insight into the future. In the paper we propose a framework for analyzing benefits of BI systems that is

ALES POPOVIC; TOMAZ TURK; JURIJ JAKLIC

2006-01-01

356

ADEPT: Managing Business Processes using Intelligent Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes work undertaken in the ADEPT (Advanced Decision Environment for Process Tasks) project towards developing an agent-based infrastructure for managing business processes. We describe how the key technology of negotiating, service provid- ing, autonomous agents was realised and demonstrate how this was applied to the BT business process of providing a customer quote for network services. Issues of

N. R. Jennings; P. Faratin; T. J. Norman; P. O'Brien; M. E. Wiegand; C. Voudouris; J. L. Alty; T. Miah; E. H. Mamdani

1996-01-01

357

Social and Business Objectives of Telecommunications Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Speech given at Session 2: World Communication: Where is Technology Leading Us? Mr. Wellenius focused on the social objectives of telecommunications policy and how these objectives fare in a privately led, increasingly competitive business environment.The social and business objectives of telecommunications policy largely coincide. Gaps, however, are likely to remain in meeting social objectives. Closing these gaps costs rather little,

Bjorn Wellenius

1997-01-01

358

Business Transformation Success Dynamics; It's the Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Study of Business Transformation(BT) Success involving fifteen corporations framed business transformation as a type of la rge-scale strategic renewal implemented via a diffusion of innovation process within a socially constructed organisational environment. Based on the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the communication patterns examined in this study, the complex relationships were abstracted and reflected in an adapted diffusion of

Mark Heffernan; Phillip Wing; Geoff McDonnell

359

Integration: Knowledge Management and Business Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

As business competition intensifies and the market environment becomes increasingly complex, more and more enterprises learn to make use of Knowledge Management (KM) and Business Intelligence (BI) in order to improve corporate decision-making capacity and efficiency. However, there is still not a unified view for the concept of KM and BI and the relationship between the two in academia and

Lei Cheng; Peng Cheng

2011-01-01

360

Competitive Strategies in Business Model Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract An eective,business model is critical to the success of innovation, which is ulti- mately dened,by its protability in the marketplace. In this paper, we address the imperative for strategic choices of business models in a competitive environment un- der relevant market attributes. Specically, we explore the context of online service provision, an innovative market that is ourishing with Cloud

Mei Lin

361

Constructivist Pedagogy for the Business Communication Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business education and learning has become formidable and challenging over the last few years. A traditional learning environment is bereft of active learning where students only try to memorise terms and concepts and is unable to apply them to the real corporate world. It was found in the business communication classes that students fail to…

Mathews, Minu

2007-01-01

362

Agents of Change in Business Process Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successful enterprises are built on change. Increasingly, businesses operate in a rapidly evolving environment where the response to changing markets may of necessity be measured in hours and days instead of months and years. Responsiveness and adaptability will be the hallmarks of business success. BT is strategically placed as both a major potential facilitator of this change, as well as

P. D. O'brien; M. E. Wiegand

1997-01-01

363

Forest biorefineries – A business opportunity for the Finnish forest cluster  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bioenergy and biomass-based products offer the greatest new opportunities for diversifying business in the forest cluster. In particular, biorefineries, which can be integrated into the pulp and paper industry, seem to have immense future potential. This article aims to explore the biorefinery concept and related new products and business operations, as well as new business strategies and company models, which

Sari Hämäläinen; Annukka Näyhä; Hanna-Leena Pesonen

2011-01-01

364

Catholic Social Teaching: Addressing Globalization in Catholic Business Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although business schools are increasingly aware of the importance of globalization in educating future business leaders, their business programs have addressed globalization from a limited perspective that fails to provide students with a broader understanding of its impact on societies and its moral consequences. The conventional approach to the…

Ball, James B.; Martinez, Zaida; Toyne, Brian

2009-01-01

365

Catholic Social Teaching: Addressing Globalization in Catholic Business Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although business schools are increasingly aware of the importance of globalization in educating future business leaders, their business programs have addressed globalization from a limited perspective that fails to provide students with a broader understanding of its impact on societies and its moral consequences. The conventional approach to…

Ball, James B.; Martinez, Zaida; Toyne, Brian

2009-01-01

366

A Business Model Framework for the Design and Evaluation of Business Models in the Internet of Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business development comprises of various activities to determine future opportunities for a company like the identification of target markets, new products and services, a better pricing model or internal process innovation potentials. One of the significant aspects of a successful business development is therefore the consistent further development of business model alternatives for evaluation purpose. This paper introduces a detailed

Nico Weiner; Anette Weisbecker

2011-01-01

367

Implementation of OLTRS within DND. Business Case.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report develops a business case for the application of electronic publishing, distribution, storage, and retrieval techniques applicable to the Computer-aided Acquisition and Logistic Support (CALS) environment. It specifically addresses the implement...

1991-01-01

368

The business of space exploration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite healthy economic conditions worldwide, aerospace companies have been struggling since the end of the Cold War. The industry faces a very uncertain future as people and money are leaving in droves. But that has not diminished interest in significantly opening up the space frontier for commercial uses. Is there a major disconnect between expectation and reality? What can the Government and private sectors do to positively shape the future? This paper examines the market forces in play and uses the development of the commercial air transportation business to assess the prospect for commercial space transportation and exploration. It also addresses the elements and criteria for business opportunity, and suggests ways in which the public and private sector can work together to build the future of space. .

Tam, Daniel C.

2001-02-01

369

Business development process  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A business development process utilizing a business development database comprises collecting data for ideas from a plurality of sources. One type of collected idea data from said step of collecting is filtered in order to identify potential business opportunities. An opportunity analysis is then performed on said identified potential business opportunities to determine valid business opportunities. Resources are committed to the valid business opportunities, a business proposal is developed. This developed business proposal to a potential buyers. Success of the submission is determined and the business opportunity is executed if the submission is a success.

2008-08-19

370

On Developing Business Chinese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the significance of foreign languages for business, particularly Business Chinese, in the 1990s; its curriculum requirements; and the impact of business languages on international business. The article proposes a developmental plan for Business Chinese at the college level including goals, course materials, learning activities, and…

Hong, Wei

1996-01-01

371

Business Process Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business Process Management Systems (BPMSs) are software platforms that support the definition, execution, and tracking of business processes. BPMSs have the ability of logging information about the business processes they support. Proper analysis of BPMS execution logs can yield important knowledge and help organizations improve the quality of their business processes and services to their business partners. This paper presents

Daniela Grigoria; Fabio Casati; Malu Castellanos; Umeshwar Dayal; Mehmet Sayal; Ming-Chien Shan

372

Research Automated Negotiation Framework for Business Intelligence Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyzes the current situation of business environment and business intelligence systems framework at first, and studies the theoretics and methods about the business intelligence system. Analyzes the necessity of an automated negotiation method in the manufacturing resource management system (MRMS) based on the manufacture requirement and latency manufacturing resource state, order enterprise can find forwardly or passively some

Zhang Hai; He Biao

2009-01-01

373

A Value-Oriented Framework of Business Models Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business models innovation is vital to sustain competitive advantage during the dramatical change environment. After reviewing the literatures of business models, a value-oriented framework of business models innovation consists of value proposition, value sustain, value supporting and value transforming has been used to analyze the success of Apple iPod and iPhone.

Qiuying Chen

2009-01-01

374

Creating a Course in Global Business Ethics: A Modest Proposal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College of Management at the Georgia Institute of Technology has placed more emphasis on the topic of business ethics in the past few years. Business ethics has always been a required component of the legal environment of business course whether taught at the undergraduate or graduate levels. More recently, the college has introduced an…

Dhooge, Lucien J.

2011-01-01

375

Evaluating the Intangible Benefits of Business Intelligence: Review & Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Business Intelligence (BI) system is a technology that provides significant business value by improving the effectiveness of managerial decision-making. In an uncertain and highly competitive business environment, the value of strategic information systems such as these is easily recognised. High adoption rates and investment in BI software and services suggest that these systems are a principal provider of decision

Marcus Gibson; David Arnott; Ilona Jagielska

2004-01-01

376

Company strategy: Business model reconfiguration for innovation and internationalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competitiveness of a country is the result of the competitiveness of its firms. The competitiveness of firms is partly determined by how their business models interact with the environment to produce offerings with added value. This chapter contributes to the reflection on Catalonia's competitiveness by using the business model concept to highlight the need to adapt business models to

Ramon Casadesus-Massanell; Joan E. Ricart

2009-01-01

377

Impact of Terrorism and Security Measures on Global Business Transactions: Some International Business Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Terrorism is likely to continue well into the future, presenting a new type of risk for companies that engage in international business transactions. Worldwide, government policymakers have introduced a variety of security measures to contain terrorism while trying not to reduce\\/distract global trade and investment. For international business (IB) scholars, this opens a new field of inquiry. This paper outlines

Subhash C. Jain; Robert Grosse

2009-01-01

378

Expanding Horizons in Business Education. National Business Education Association Yearbook, No. 32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This yearbook contains the following 17 papers on business education for the future: "Teaching Keyboarding to Elementary Children" (Rowena Russell); "Keyboarding to Desktop Publishing in Middle School" (Sharon Andelora); "Youth Apprenticeship Programs--Business and School Partnerships" (William H. Cassidy); "The Administrative Steps for…

McEntee, Arthur, Ed.

379

Hydrological analysis and modeling in a changing environment - progress, challenges and future studies in a rapidly changing nation like China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hydrological analysis and modeling in a river basin, a region or the globe are essential for water resources assessment, flood forecasting and impact study of climate and environment change. Development and application of hydrological analysis methods and models at different spatial and temporal scales have been carried out since later part of the 19th century, when the rational model was introduced. Since then, the development of hydrological models has gone through several stages, i.e., from the rational method through conceptual to physically-based models, from lumped to distributed models, and from catchment scale to regional and global scale models. While following international trends, the development of the hydrological sciences in China has demonstrated its own characteristics and uniqueness due to its complex issues involving a rapidly changing climate regime, heavily engineered river systems, landuse change and non-standardised data sets. Considerable progress has been achieved to date in hydrological research in China; however, significant ongoing challenges to the hydrological analysis and modeling remain to be addressed since in a changing world, model inputs, outputs, parameters, relationship between inputs and outputs may all vary and become nonstationary, violating the basic assumption of the most existing statistical methods and models. The presentation will first briefly review the history and progress of the development of hydrological science and models, and then discuss the methods used to determining different types of nonstationarity, and address the difference of types, extents, and causes of nonstationarity of individual hydrological components as well as their relationships found in major river basins of China. The presentation finally highlights current limitations and provides a view about the foreseeable developments in hydrological analysis and modeling in a rapidly changing nation like China.

Xu, C.-Y.

2012-04-01

380

MAGISTIC: An automated approach to future business  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper MAGISTIC (MA-Multi Agent, GISTIC-Logistics) provides a survey of existing research on agent-based approaches to transportation and traffic management. Main focus of the paper is transport industry although we have touched other fields like medical and engineering. Idea behind research is to find out how agents are involved in logistics and what benefits they are providing us. A general

Adeel Ahmed Hashmi; A. Mansoor

2010-01-01

381

Onset and Stability of Gas Hydrates under Permafrost in an Environment of Surface Climatic Change in the Beaufort-Mackenzie basin - Past and Future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modeling of the onset of permafrost formation and succeeding gas hydrate formation in the changing surface temperature environment has been done for the Beaufort-Mackenzie Basin (BMB). Numerical modeling is constrained by deep heat flow from deep well bottom hole temperatures, deep conductivity, present permafrost thickness and thickness of Type I gas hydrates. Latent heat effects were applied to the model for the entire ice bearing permafrost and Type I hydrate intervals. Modeling for a set of surface temperature forcing during the glacial-interglacial history including the last 14 Myr, the detailed Holocene temperature history and a consideration of future warming due to a doubling of atmospheric CO2 was performed. Two scenarios of gas formation were considered; case 1: formation of gas hydrate from gas entrapped under deep geological seals and case 2: formation of gas hydrate from gas in a free pore space simultaneously with permafrost formation. In case 1, gas hydrates could have formed at a depth of about 0.9 km only some 1 Myr ago. In case 2, the first gas hydrate formed in the depth range of 290 - 300 m shortly after 6 Myr ago when the GST dropped from -4.5° C to -5.5° C. The gas hydrate layer started to expand both downward and upward subsequently. More detailed modeling of the more recent glacial-interglacial history and extending into the future was done for both BMB onshore and offshore models. These models show that the gas hydrate zone, while thinning will persist under the thick body of BMB permafrost through the current interglacial warming and into the future even with a doubling of atmospheric CO2.

Majorowicz, J. A.; Osadetz, K.; Safanda, J.

2008-12-01

382

The Business of Business is "English"!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A current trend indicates that credentials in English can and do move people successfully into business related careers. Colleges of business administration and English departments might take an important cue from the trend and work together to offer a double major or co-major in English business. Such a program would offer undergraduate students…

Horning, Alice S.

383

Business Inspiration: Small Business Leadership in Recovery?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business Inspiration was a short, action-centred leadership and innovation development programme designed for owners and managers of smaller firms to address business survival and repositioning needs arising from the UK's economic downturn. The article examines the design and delivery of Business Inspiration and the impact of the programme on…

Rae, David; Price, Liz; Bosworth, Gary; Parkinson, Paul

2012-01-01

384

Extending Business Objects with Business Rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is common to imbed business rules within the code of distributed object systems. When busi- ness practices and\\/or policies change, as they often do, it is difficult if not impossible to cor- rectly reflect those changes in the applications implementing them. This paper describes a framework that enables enterprises to develop distributed business applications that systemati- cally externalize the

Isabelle Rouvellou; Lou Degenaro; Kevin Rasmus; Dave Ehnebuske; Barbara Mckee

2000-01-01

385

Micro-businesses need support: survival precedes sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish the role of micro-businesses in providing a sustainable business and community environment, and to share the perceptions of micro-business operators about the support they need to survive and be successful. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An examination of literature regarding survival and available support for small businesses is followed by results from a

R. Helen Samujh

2011-01-01

386

Teaching business ethics: Is there a gap between rhetoric and reality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of the continued erosion of business ethics in America, the ongoing question is what are the nation's business schools doing to prepare ethically responsible future leaders of industry and government? This paper reports the findings of a survey mailed to every program accredited by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. The curriculum treatment of business ethics

Richard J. George

1987-01-01

387

Marketable, Unique and Experiential IT-Skills Education for Business Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational programme for lab-lectures of Business Information Systems module is presented. There, first year undergraduate business students of Faculty of Economics Ljubljana University Business School acquire important hands-on knowledge, which is expected from them by future employers in business practice and by lecturers during their studies. The programme evolved over a course of years of instructors performing both seminars and

Peter Baloh; Talib Damij; Peter Vrecar

2006-01-01

388

What Every Business School Needs to Know about Its Master of Business Administration (MBA) Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the 1990s represented an expansive period for business schools in the United States the past few years have seen a significant drop in demand for this once popular degree program. As many schools of business struggle to retain their market share in this increasingly competitive environment, one powerful, but sometimes overlooked,…

Richards-Wilson, Stephani; Galloway, Fred

2006-01-01

389

Domain Modelling and the Co-Design of Business Rules in the Telecommunication Business Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the development of an enterprise domain model in an environment where part of the domain knowledge is vague and not yet formalised in company-wide business rules. The domain model was developed for a young company starting in the telecommunications sector. The company relied on a number of stand-alone business support systems and sought for a manner to

Monique Snoeck; Cindy Michiels

2002-01-01

390

Redesigning the Traditional Business Gaming Process: Aiming to Capture Business Process Authenticity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The constantly changing business environment has forced many organizations to move away from focusing on individual tasks and functions to focusing on more integrated and coordinated ways of work. Higher-level business and information systems (IS) education is also in a state of change, as the traditional curriculum does not coincide with…

Lainema, Timo

2004-01-01

391

Business Intelligence Applications in Retail Business: OLAP, Data Mining & Reporting Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of today's competitive business environment, companies have been trying to improve the utilization of funds effectively in their budgets for information technology investments. These companies retrieve more information with the same set of resources by means of business intelligence methods. According to Rubin (Chabrow, 2004) IT budgets are not simply declining or levelling off, rather, companies are

Ipek Deveci Kocakoç; Sabri Erdem

2010-01-01

392

Detecting Clones in Business Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A business application automates a collection of business processes. A business process describes how a set of logically related tasks are executed, ordered and managed by following business rules to achieve business objectives. An online bookstore business application contains several tasks such as buying a book, ordering a book, and sending out promotions. Business analysts specify business tasks and software

Jin Guo; Ying Zou

2008-01-01

393

A Study on the Common Carrier's Strategies for IP Telephony Service Market under Uncertain and Complex Environment: Focusing on Scenario Planning Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to develop the possible market scenarios on Internet telephony market in Korea through a T.A.I.D.A approach. Though many good points, it is hard for common carriers to promote IP telephony business because future business environments are very uncertain due to the cannibalization with PSTN, policy change, customer preference, technology development, etc. In order to deal with such

Sang-Chul Han; Young-Min Key

2007-01-01

394

Business Contributions to Community Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study, which examines and describes 1989 contributions by Oregon businesses to community service, found that contributions patterns of small businesses differed from those of large businesses. Small businesses gave more than large businesses based on ...

P. Frishkoff

1991-01-01

395

Textiles and Clothing Business Professionals for the Twenty-First Century: Moving Toward Diversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textile and clothing programs of the future, including instruction, extension, and research, will be influenced to some extent by the needs of national and international fashion-related business and industry as well as by the customerlclients whose needs are served by those businesses and industries. By identifying some possible futures of the textile and clothing industries\\/businesses and their clients, we will

Carol Anne Dickson

1984-01-01

396

The ecological research needs of business.  

PubMed

Businesses have an unrivalled ability to mobilize human, physical and financial capital, often manage large land holdings, and draw on resources and supply products that impact a wide array of ecosystems. Businesses therefore have the potential to make a substantial contribution to arresting declines in biodiversity and ecosystem services. To realize this potential, businesses require support from researchers in applied ecology to inform how they measure and manage their impacts on, and opportunities presented to them by, biodiversity and ecosystem services.We reviewed papers in leading applied ecology journals to assess the research contribution from existing collaborations involving businesses. We reviewed applications to, and grants funded by, the UK's Natural Environment Research Council for evidence of public investment in such collaborations. To scope opportunities for expanding collaborations with businesses, we conducted workshops with three sectors (mining and quarrying, insurance and manufacturing) in which participants identified exemplar ecological research questions of interest to their sector.Ten to fifteen per cent of primary research papers in Journal of Applied Ecology and Ecological Applications evidenced business involvement, mostly focusing on traditional rural industries (farming, fisheries and forestry). The review of UK research council funding found that 35% of applications mentioned business engagement, while only 1% of awarded grants met stricter criteria of direct business involvement.Some questions identified in the workshops aim to reduce costs from businesses' impacts on the environment and others to allow businesses to exploit new opportunities. Some questions are designed to inform long-term planning undertaken by businesses, but others would have more immediate commercial applications. Finally, some research questions are designed to streamline and make more effective those environmental policies that affect businesses.Business participants were forward-looking regarding ecological questions and research. For example, representatives from mining and quarrying companies emphasized the need to move beyond biodiversity to consider how ecosystems function, while those from the insurance sector stressed the importance of ecology researchers entering into new types of interdisciplinary collaboration.Synthesis and applications. Businesses from a variety of sectors demonstrated a clear interest in managing their impacts on, and exploiting opportunities created by, ecosystem services and biodiversity. To achieve this, businesses are asking diverse ecological research questions, but publications in leading applied ecology journals and research council funding reveal limited evidence of direct engagement with businesses. This represents a missed opportunity for ecological research findings to see more widespread application. PMID:20383265

Armsworth, Paul R; Armsworth, Anastasia N; Compton, Natalie; Cottle, Phil; Davies, Ian; Emmett, Bridget A; Fandrich, Vanessa; Foote, Matthew; Gaston, Kevin J; Gardiner, Phil; Hess, Tim; Hopkins, John; Horsley, Nick; Leaver, Natasha; Maynard, Trevor; Shannon, Delia

2010-04-01

397

Business information in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the main focus of the paper is companies’ annual reports, it attempts to discuss briefly other sources of business information available in Nigeria and some of the problems encountered in accessing them. It considers the value business executives place on sources of business information and in particular companies’ annual reports. A survey of three types of business organizations in

Anthony Adeloye

2001-01-01

398

Is Business Ethics Dying?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for business ethics courses in undergraduate and graduate business degree programs. Describes reasons for and objections to such programs. Explains that business ethics instruction requires varied case studies, adequate teaching materials, cooperation between philosophers and business faculty, and instructors who are forthcoming…

Pamental, George L.

1991-01-01

399

Safe Climate, Sound Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, global environmental trends such as climate change are impacting human and ecological health and the ability of business to operate. Business needs to act now to limit greenhouse gases and prepare for changes already underway. Business can play a significant part in providing solutions that are profitable for society and business. A select group of leadership companies are already

Elizabeth Cook; Eliza Barclay

2002-01-01

400

Future of electronic printing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the mid-1970s, electronic printing has been available to businesses. Its growth has been truly amazing. Original predictions of a need for no more than 500 laser printers has now given way to millions of printers of all types from home and personal office to the print shop. This paper is intended to look at what the future of electronic printing might look like. Any prognostication of the future is always risky and the intent here is to look at what has happened and what is happening in the marketplace and thus get some view of the future. Will the printer vendors of today be the printer vendors tomorrow? What will be the market leading characteristics of future electronic printers? Can we measure value to the first order? We shall try to briefly explore these and some other questions in order to pursue some idea of where the business is going.

Starkweather, Gary K.

1998-01-01

401

Strategy and Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Strategy and Business is sponsored by Booz, Allen and Hamilton, a large management consulting firm. Designed to help users "sharply focus their agenda and put the best business ideas to work," the site contains articles on business research, policy, technology, strategy, management and competition. Also provided are business book reviews, best practice, case studies, business quotes and interviews. Users can browse through articles by date of publication or search by keyword.

1998-01-01

402

4WARD: A European Perspective towards the Future Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we describe several approaches to address the challenges of the network of the future. Our main hypothesis is that the Future Internet must be designed for the environment of applications and transport media of the 21st century, vastly different from the initial Internet's life space. One major requirement is the inherent support for mobile and wireless usage. A Future Internet should allow for the fast creation of diverse network designs and paradigms and must also support their co-existence at run-time. We detail the technical and business scenarios that lead the development in the EU FP7 4WARD project towards a framework for the Future Internet.

Brunner, Marcus; Abramowicz, Henrik; Niebert, Norbert; Correia, Luis M.

403

An Empirical Study of Flexible Business Process Based on Modularity System Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduced concept of modularity business process. High modular business processes have properties of encapsulation and plug-and-play, which make business process more flexible and responsible to environment change. We also proposed a mechanism model of business process modularity and hypothesizes based on modular system theory and transaction cost economics. Diversity of customer demand and supplier specialization will lead to

Fang Ding; Liu Jie

2008-01-01

404

National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) Enterprise Architecture. Section 2-Business Architecture. Version 1.0.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NBII Business Architecture provides a business overview of the NBII Program. It defines the business needs being met by the NBII today and includes a discussion of the environment in which the NBII program operates. Specifically, the NBII Business Arc...

J. Campbell

2003-01-01

405

Developing a Framework for Business Intelligence Systems Integration Based on Ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyzes the current situation of business environment and business intelligence systems (BIS) framework at first, and studies the theoretics and methods about the business intelligence system based on ontology. Based on ontology, this paper proposes an integration framework for business intelligence systems. A service resource based-ontology is proposed in this research, including the data model patterns and ontology

Xu Xi; Xu Hongfeng

2009-01-01

406

ENHANCING STUDENT LEARNING OF ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION THROUGH ERP BUSINESS SIMLATION GAME  

Microsoft Academic Search

Difficulty of teaching concepts of business processes and business process orientation using traditional teaching and learning methods is well recognized in the literature. This paper reports on the effectiveness of an initiative that employs 'ERPSim', an ERP Business simulation game that uses a simulated and complex business environment supported by industry standard software, SAP. Using this simulation game, this initiative

Ravi Seethamraju

407

A fact-oriented ontological approach to human process modeling for knowledge-intensive business services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern business environment emphasizes the role of knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS). As well as the enterprises in any other kinds of industries, business process management (BPM) can be a source of core competency for the enterprises in KIBS industry. However, most of the business processes in KIBS are human processes which are collaborative, innovative, and dynamic, which cannot be supported

Jeongsoo Lee; Janghyeok Yoon; Wonchul Seo; Kwangsoo Kim; Cheol-Han Kim

2011-01-01

408

Business intelligence modeling in launch operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future of business intelligence in space exploration will focus on the intelligent system-of-systems real-time enterprise. In present business intelligence, a number of technologies that are most relevant to space exploration are experiencing the greatest change. Emerging patterns of set of processes rather than organizational units leading to end-to-end automation is becoming a major objective of enterprise information technology. The

Jorge E. Bardina; Rajkumar Thirumalainambi; Rodney D. Davis

2005-01-01

409

A Systematic Review of Business Incubation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article systematically reviews the literature on business incubators and business incubation. Focusing on the primary research orientations—i.e. studies centering on incubator development, incubator configurations, incubatee development, incubator-incubation impacts, and theorizing about incubators-incubation—problems with extant research are analyzed and opportunities for future research are identified. From our review, it is clear that research has just begun to scratch the surface

Sean M. Hackett; David M. Dilts

2004-01-01

410

Future Optical Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents views on the future of optical networking. A historical look at the emergence of optical networking is first taken, followed by a discussion on the drivers pushing for a new and pervasive network, which is based on photonics and can satisfy the needs of a broadening base of residential, business, and scientific users. Regional plans and targets

Michael J. O'Mahony; Christina Politi; Dimitrios Klonidis; Reza Nejabati; Dimitra Simeonidou

2006-01-01

411

A Few Implementation Solutions for Business Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

To succeed in the context of a global and dynamic economic environment, the companies must use all the information they have, as efficiently as possible, in order to gain competitive advantages and to consolidate their position on the market. They have to respond quickly to the changes in the business environment and to adapt themselves to the market’s requirements. To

Gheorghe MATEI; Manole VELICANU

2008-01-01

412

Moral reasoning and business ethics: Implications for research, education, and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews Kohlberg's (1969) theory of cognitive moral development, highlighting moral reasoning research relevant to the business ethics domain. Implications for future business ethics research, higher education and training, and the management of ethical\\/unethical behavior are discussed.

Linda Klebe Trevino

1992-01-01

413

The Rising Tide of Estuary English: The Changing Nature of Oral British Business Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Defines "Estuary English," a fast-growing accent of British English that is spreading across England. Discusses its usage in the British business community; its acceptability and future; and its implications for business communicators, teachers, and consultants. (SR)|

Scott, James Calvert

1995-01-01

414

The Ease of Doing Business Index as a tool for Investment location decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ease of Doing Business Index (EDBI) uses 41 variables to compare the business environment of different countries. It is widely used by policy makers, researchers and multinational companies. This paper aims to assess EDBI’s consistency and validity in representing the business environment by using factor analysis. It is found that the EDBI presents a limited consistency and descriptive power

João Zambujal Oliveira; Ricardo Pinheiro Alves

2010-01-01

415

Plan for profit and achieve profit: lessons learnt from a business management simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we introduce one new promising learning environment based on a business management simulation, discuss briefly how it was built, and how it has been used to cope with the business educational challenges. This learning environment has been used to train more than 1500 students and managers. In general, business education is research oriented, the knowledge base given

J. Töyli; S.-O. Hansén; R. Smeds

2006-01-01

416

According to Local Circumstances: Teaching Business Ethics on Both Sides of the Atlantic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claims that business ethics must recognize economic and organizational characteristics and the legal, political, and ethical environment. Argues that teaching business ethics varies according to local circumstances. Identifies social democracy and the Single European Market as determining the European environment. Suggests an approach to business

Van Luijk, Henk

1991-01-01

417

A Stakeholder Model of Business Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 21st century, organizations are evolving into a new-form based on knowledge and networks in response to an environment characterized by indistinct organizational boundaries, information abundance, and fast-paced change. This paper explores the role of Business Intelligence (BI) in this new-form organization. I develop a model that positions Business Intelligence as the primary source of explicit knowledge linking it

Claire A. Simmers; Erivan K. Haub

2004-01-01

418

Finding a Place for the Ethical in the Cultural and Economic Milieu of Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

I am often asked, “What is the future of business ethics?” “Is it simply a fad or does it have staying power?” I think there\\u000a is no question that business ethics is not a fad. It is an issue for business throughout the world and business people throughout\\u000a the world are discussing it. And academics throughout the world are busy

NORMAN E. BOWIE

419

Can internally generated futures accelerate organizational learning?  

Microsoft Academic Search

After many years of scenario planning, this paper takes a moment to reflect on its use within, and value to, organizations. The author states that ultimately the benefit of scenario planning must result from ‘changed and more skilful action by the organization within its business environment.’ Navigating through the business environment is discussed as taking on two forms, that of

Kees van der Heijden

2004-01-01

420

The Business Eccountant  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Business Eccountant, published by BusinessEd.net, offers an excellent weekly round-up of business and economics related news from around the world. Geared towards college educators and librarians, this newsletter offers headlines and links to top business stories from international news sources along with financial results; articles on corporate governance; currency, interest rates, and global economy summaries; and a company profile. While all users may read via the Web, academics may register to receive a weekly email update. Intelligent and current, The Business Eccountant is a stellar business and economics current awareness and news resource. But what is an "Eccountant"?

421

A Data Model Designing Method Adjustable for Business Process Modification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to comply with rapid changes of business environment, companies or organizations continuously modify contexts of their business process. Different data model will be built to support business process to be changed. In this paper, we introduce PCM (Property Centric Modeling) which facilitates data model design in accordance with business process. Context is often appeared in business process as function, persons, facilities, or materials. PCM associates each context with set of properties to build data model from those properties. Resulting data model is flexible enough for the change of context. Specific procedure of the method is illustrated, taking a sensorchip bonding process as example. Comparisons with other methodologies are also presented.

Yamada, Isao; Kumagai, Satoshi; Hirota, Toyohiko

422

Business System Planning Project, Alternatives Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The CHG Chief Information Officer (CIO) requested a study of alternatives to the current business system computing environment. This Business Systems Planning (BSP) Project Alternatives Analysis document presents an analysis of the current Project Controls, Work Management, and Business Management systems environment and alternative solutions that support the business functions. The project team has collected requirements and priorities from stakeholders in each business area and documented them in the BSP System Requirements Specification (SRS), RPP-6297. The alternatives analysis process identifies and measures possible solutions in each of the business process areas against the requirements as documented in the SRS. The team gathered input from both internal and external sources to identify and grade the possible solutions. This document captures the results of that activity and recommends a suite of software products. This study was to select the best product based on how well the product met the requirements, not to determine the platform or hardware environment that would be used. Additional analysis documentation can be found in BSP project files.

EVOSEVICH, S.

2000-10-30

423

Teaching Business Ethics or Teaching Business Ethically?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that one of the most important contexts for ethical decision-making is the nature and operation of "contemporary capitalisms." Suggests that rather than issuing a call for teaching business ethics, the author emphasizes the need for more ethical business teaching. (SG)

Stablein, Ralph

2003-01-01

424

Business Model Analysis Applied to Mobile Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile business is a young promising industry created by the emergence of wireless data networks. Similar to other emerging industries, it is characterized by a large number of uncertainties at different levels, in particular concerning technology, business strategy and consumer demand. This paper focuses on the strategic uncertainties, where a large number of actors are trying a number of strategic

Giovanni Camponovo; Yves Pigneur

2003-01-01

425

WISE: Business to Business E-Commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet and the proliferation of inexpensive com- puting power in the form of clusters of workstationsor PCs provide the basic hardware infrastructure for business to business electronic commerce in small and medium enter- prises. Unfortunately, the corresponding software infras- tructure is still missing. In this paper we show a way to develop appropriate tools for electronic commerce by de-

Gustavo Alonso; Ulrich Fiedler; Claus Hagen; Amaia Lazcano; Heiko Schuldt; N. Weiler

1999-01-01

426

Military Business Success.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program was created in 1982 to stimulate research and development among small businesses while providing the government innovative technical and scientific solutions to challenging problems. In the SBIR Progra...

M. Ahmad R. Krastev A. Puciato

2004-01-01

427

Identifying Ruptures in Business-IT Communication through Business Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In scenarios where Information Technology (IT) becomes a critical factor for business success, Business-IT communication problems\\u000a raise difficulties for reaching strategic business goals. Business models are considered as an instrument through which this\\u000a communication may be held. This work argues that the business model communicability (i.e., the capability of a business model\\u000a to facilitate Business-IT communication) influences on how Business

Juliana Jansen Ferreira; Renata Mendes de Araujo; Fernanda Araujo Baião

2010-01-01

428

26 CFR 1.537-1 - Reasonable needs of the business.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...facts and circumstances relating to the future needs of the business. Where the future needs of the business are uncertain or vague, where the plans for the future use of an accumulation are not specific, definite, and feasible, or where the...

2009-04-01

429

26 CFR 1.537-1 - Reasonable needs of the business.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...facts and circumstances relating to the future needs of the business. Where the future needs of the business are uncertain or vague, where the plans for the future use of an accumulation are not specific, definite, and feasible, or where the...

2010-04-01

430

A Decision Model for Integration across the Business Curriculum in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a framework for integrated business curriculum using a heuristic decision model. Outlines both experiential and classroom learning activities for two contexts: social themes (environment, diversity, ethics, etc.) and the interdisciplinary nature of business. (SK)|

Hamilton, Diane; McFarland, Dan; Mirchandani, Dilip

2000-01-01

431

Developing a Framework for Business Intelligence Systems Based on RosettaNet Frame  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the current situation of business environment and business intelligence systems integration at first. Accrediting to the frame of RosettaNet, the trend of business process integration is analyzed. Then discusses the integration of business intelligence systems based on RosettaNet frame. The conceptual development and implementation a RosettaNet frame work for business intelligence systems, a novel concept for the

Qing-Sheng Xie; Gui-Xian Zhou

2008-01-01

432

The Supply Chain Model of eBusiness in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter aims at synthesizing a model of supply chain activities within the context of eBusiness. It builds on the practical\\u000a experience and incorporates visions of how eBusiness in healthcare might look in the future. It is motivated by the understanding\\u000a —expressed by all experts interviewed and highlighted by the case studies—that the essence of eBusiness lies in its ability

Ursula Hübner

433

Business and the Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By virtue of the different natures of the two institutions, the relationship between business and the media is simultaneously adversarial and symbiotic: the media see themselves as society's watchdog while business sees itself as society's driving economic force. Meanwhile, business relies on the media for information, and the media rely on…

Barchie, Lisa

434

Purchasing business services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purchase of business services is a growing activity among firms but with little appreciation that the purchase of a service requires a modification of the decision process developed for the purchase of material goods. A taxonomy for purchasing business services is developed to create a matrix with importance of service and focus of service as dimensions. Business services are

James A. Fitzsimmons; Jeonpyo Noh; Emil Thies

1998-01-01

435

Open for Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and outcomes of Lane Community College's (LCC) Business Assistance Center, which offers a wide range of management assistance services to local small businesses. Explains how state-funded programs, based on the LCC model, resulted in a network of Small Business Development Centers. (CBC)

Cutler, Edward

1984-01-01

436

Modeling Business Media Platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high speed at which new businesses are developed can to a large extent be attributed to their ability to flexibly combine existing services into an integrated business platform. The development of such platforms requires the representation of the business architecture in a model which can be implemented in a software solution. However, aside from diagramming techniques little help is

Markus Greunz; Katarina Stanoevska-slabeva

2002-01-01

437

The Business of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is often referred to as a business and expected to follow standard business practices. An examination of the schools shows that they resemble natural monopolies and service enterprises. Although they have administrative management, they do not have a parallel to production management. When education is viewed as a business, it becomes…

Ohles, John F.

438

Teaching business ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business ethics should be taught in business schools as an integrated part of core curricula in MBA programs with a dual focus on both analytical frameworks and their applications to the business disciplines. To overcome the reluctance of many faculty to handle ethical issues, a critical mass of faculty must develop suitable materials, educate their peers in its use, and

Jeffrey Gandz; Nadine Hayes

1988-01-01

439

Small Business Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a resource for both experienced businesspeople and those new to business, this annotated bibliography provides a list of books, pamphlets, periodicals, and videotapes of value in solving specific business problems. The bibliography begins with a list of resources recommended for the library of every small business and a survey of…

Anderson, Wendell, Ed.

440

Allhoff on Business Bluffing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The moral status of business bluffing is a controversial issue. On the one hand, bluffing would seem to be relevantly similar\\u000a to lying and deception. Because of this, business bluffing can be taken to be an activity that is at least prima facie morally condemnable. On the other hand, it has often been claimed that in business bluffing is part

Jukka Varelius

2006-01-01

441

Small Business Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended as a resource for both experienced businesspeople and those new to business, this annotated bibliography provides a list of books, pamphlets, periodicals, and videotapes of value in solving specific business problems. The bibliography begins with a list of resources recommended for the library of every small business and a survey of…

Anderson, Wendell, Ed.

442

English for Business Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The concept of Business English has undergone some major shifts in the last few years because of a number of developments, such as advances in genre theory and the coming together of English for Business Purposes and Business Communication, inspired by the realization that there is a gap to be bridged between the academy and the globalized…

Bhatia, Vijay K.; Bremner, Stephen

2012-01-01

443

Perceptions of business ethics: Students vs. business people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of business students and of business practitioners regarding ethics in business. A survey consisting of a series of brief ethical situations was completed by 537 senior business majors and 158 experienced business people. They responded to the situations, first, as they believed the typical business person would respond and, second,

Barbara C. Cole; Dennie L. Smith

1996-01-01

444

Management and Controlling of Time-Sensitive Business Processes with Sense & Respond  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamic business environment of many organizations require to monitor their business, IT and organizational processes in real-time in order to proactively respond to exceptions and to take advantage of time-sensitive business opportunities. The ability to sense and interpret events about a changing business environment or customer needs require an event-driven IT infrastructure for making fast and well-informed decisions and

Josef Schiefer; Andreas Seufert

2005-01-01

445

Social Intelligence: Next Generation Business Intelligence  

SciTech Connect

In order for Business Intelligence to truly move beyond where it is today, a shift in approach must occur. Currently, much of what is accomplished in the realm of Business Intelligence relies on reports and dashboards to summarize and deliver information to end users. As we move into the future, we need to get beyond these reports and dashboards to a point where we break out the individual metrics that are embedded in these reports and interact with these components independently. Breaking these pieces of information out of the confines of reports and dashboards will allow them to be dynamically assembled for delivery in the way that makes most sense to each consumer. With this change in ideology, Business Intelligence will move from the concept of collections of objects, or reports and dashboards, to individual objects, or information components. The Next Generation Business Intelligence suite will translate concepts popularized in Facebook, Flickr, and Digg into enterprise worthy communication vehicles.

Troy Hiltbrand

2010-09-01

446

Employee motivation: quality versus business concerns.  

PubMed

The traditional factors that influence employee motivation and morale remain important in healthcare organizations. However, the nursing staff tends to be more self-motivated than many employees in other occupations because of values that are intrinsic to the nursing profession. When the humanist values of the nursing profession conflict or compete with business values, erosion of nursing morale and motivation may result with attendant employee "burnout" that undermines the organization's business objectives. There are several steps that both management and nursing educators can take to lessen the cultural conflict and avert motivational breakdowns. The future may teach us that an ideal blend of business and humanist values may result in a situation where good business decisions are good humanist decisions, and vice versa. PMID:10275455

Gunn, R A; Kazemek, E A

1986-03-01

447

What is a business application?  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a general system theoretic standpoint, a business is certainly a system (organization). The inputs to a business are goods, services, and money. The business transforms these inputs into outputs which again consist of goods, services, and money. The objective (goal, purpose) of a business can and does vary from business to business. Also an objective can consist of reasonably

Ted Gary

1975-01-01

448

Implications of mass customisation on business information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern information and communication technologies like the internet or mobile computing are enforcing changes of Business Information Systems (BIS) in the context of an evolving e-business and global economy. This paper analyses the impact of mass customisation on future BIS, with focus on globally distributed value chains. Consequently, we address the question of how to scale mass customisation in existing

Andreas J. Dietrich; Stefan Kirn; Ingo J. Timm

2006-01-01

449

Understanding the Business of Library Acquisitions. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This expanded edition provides new information about successfully managing library acquisitions. Chapters include: "Acquisitions, the Organization, and the Future" (Carol Pitts Diedrichs and Karen A. Schmidt); "The Business of Book Publishing" (Patricia Glass Schuman and Charles Harmon); "The Business of Scholarly Journal Publishing" (Gary J.…

Schmidt, Karen A., Ed.

450

Improving Computer Literacy of Business Management Majors: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stakeholders, such as future employers, parents, and educators, have raised their expectations of college graduates in the area of computer literacy. Computer skills and understanding are especially critical for business management graduates, who are expected to use computer technology as a tool in every aspect of their career. Business students…

Johnson, David W.; Bartholomew, Kimberly W.; Miller, Duane

2006-01-01

451

The relationship of technology and business in an innovation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological innovations play an important role in the future. The “S” curve describes an evolution of technology as well as an evolution of business. The success of technological product innovation is affected by different internal and external forces. These are sometimes contradictory to R&D and business strategy, types of management and also to different managers' interests. Product innovation process requires

Z. Vostracky; M. Sebesta

1999-01-01

452

The business of radiology and the mission statement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practices with good management will outperform their peers and thrive in the future. This article is designed to expose and educate practicing radiologists to a powerful tool that can help design, create, and operate a business-oriented radiology practice. We introduce the mission statement as the most basic embodiment of business strategy. Mission statements and their derivatives are often at the

Ernest J Camponovo; Howard P Forman

2004-01-01

453

Business process simulation: a fundamental step supporting process centered management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business processes are increasingly recognised as the key to competitive survival. The important opportunities inherent to this invisible economic asset are the foundations of process centred management. Simulation of business processes creates added value in understanding, analysing, and designing processes by introducing dynamic aspects. It provides decision support by anticipation of future changes in process design and improves understanding of

Marc Aguilar; Tankred Rautert; Alexander J. G. Pater

1999-01-01

454

Technology, Methodology, and Business Education. National Business Education Association Yearbook, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains 20 papers on the challenges that business educators face in integrating technology into the learning environment. The following papers are included: "Teaching in a Dynamic Technology Environment: An Overview and Introduction" (Ann M. Remp); "Learners and Technology: Experience, Attitudes, and Expectations" (Jim Rucker,…

Remp, Ann M., Ed.

455

Using scenario planning in public health: anticipating alternative futures.  

PubMed

Scenario planning is a method for anticipating possible alternative futures. Used widely in business applications, it allows planners to anticipate problems, reevaluate assumptions, and reflect on consequences of those alternative futures. In this article, scenario planning is applied to public health, specifically to illustrate the four steps in scenario planning for public health using a health department's desire to address chronic disease prevention and control. An unhealthy diet and physical inactivity are considered to be key risk factors. The scenarios are presented in table format and are for illustration purposes only. Many other plausible scenarios could be constructed. Scenario planning allows stake-holders to define a desired, shared vision of the future, but more important, they can better prepare public health professionals to be successful in a constantly changing environment. PMID:14965437

Neiner, Jennifer A; Howze, Elizabeth H; Greaney, Mary L

2004-01-01

456

Missing link of national entrepreneurial business model: issues of high-tech start-up in Japan, in comparison with US and German model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. In the age of information and knowledge, industrial core business is still critically vital. The industrial core business, however, needs to be drastically changed to cope with the IT (information technology). Core business needs to be combined with virtual business. Without innovation of the old core technology, it will not fit to the IT business environments.

M. Noboru

2001-01-01

457

Toxicity and Environmental Risks of Nanomaterials: Challenges and Future Needs  

PubMed Central

Nanotechnology has gained a great deal of public interest due to the needs and applications of nanomaterials in many areas of human endeavors including industry, agriculture, business, medicine and public health. Environmental exposure to nanomaterials is inevitable as nanomaterials become part of our daily life, and as a result, nanotoxicity research is gaining attention. This review presents a summary of recent research efforts on fate, behavior and toxicity of different classes of nanomaterials in the environment. A critical evaluation of challenges and future needs for the safe environmental nanotechnology has been discussed.

Ray, Paresh Chandra; Yu, Hongtao; Fu, Peter P.

2010-01-01

458

NT Security in an Open Academic Environment  

SciTech Connect

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) was faced with the need to secure its PeopleSoft-Oracle business system in an academic environment that has no firewall. To provide protected access to the database servers for NT-based users all over the site while not hindering the lab's open connectivity with the Internet, we implemented a pseudo three-tier architecture for PeopleSoft with Windows Terminal Server and Citrix MetaFrame technology. The client application and Oracle database were placed behind a firewall, and access was granted via an encrypted link to a thin client. Authentication in the future will be through two-factor token cards. NT workstations in the business system unit were further secured through switched network ports and an automated installation process that included SMB signing and disabling LM Authentication in favor of NTLMv2. The hardened workstations then accessed the business system through the Citrix Secure ICA client. How these security measures affected our mixed environment (Windows9x, Samba, Transarc AFS clients, Pathworks, developers, researchers) is discussed.

Cowles, Robert D

1999-06-02

459

NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Testimony on Small Business Before the Subcommittee on Energy, Environment, Safety and Research, House Committee on Small Busines, by John F. Finklea, May 25, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The statement concerned the efforts made by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in the area of research and technical assistance programs offered on occupational safety and health problems of small businesses. In addition to ...

1977-01-01

460

Openness: The Way to do Business. Press Conference Fact Sheets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three years after announcing the first Openness Initiative, the Department of Energy is announcing new measures to ensure that openness is the way to do business in the future. In addition, the Department is releasing today more newly declassified materia...

1997-01-01

461

Business Process Monitoring and Alignment: An Approach Based on the User Requirements Notation and Business Intelligence Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monitoring business activities using Business Intel- ligence (BI) tools is a well-established concept. How- ever, online process monitoring is an emerging area which helps organizations not only plan for future im- provements but also change and alter their current ongoing processes before problems happen. In this paper, we explore how monitoring process perfor- mance can help evolve process goals and

Alireza Pourshahid; Daniel Amyot; Pengfei Chen; Michael Weiss; Alan J. Forster

2007-01-01

462

When and how to innovate your business model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Business-model innovation is critical to success in today's increasingly complex and fast-changing environment. So corporate leaders need to understand when to adapt the business model and how to execute the change. This paper aims to address this issue. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data from IBM's Global CEO Study 2008 and an analysis of 28 successful business-model innovators, produced insights into

Edward Giesen; Eric Riddleberger; Richard Christner; Ragna Bell

2010-01-01

463

Canadian Business Schools: Going out of Business?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using Porter's five-forces model (potential entrants, suppliers, buyers, rivalry, substitutes) to analyze competition in Canadian university business schools, the authors conclude that schools are becoming increasingly vulnerable to competitive pressures and that strategic reorientation is necessary. (SK)|

Dobni, Dawn; Dobni, Brooke

1996-01-01

464

The Greening of a Business School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the University of South Alabama's program of envirotech student internships in Latin America. Encourages business schools to reshape the anti-environmental attitudes prevalent in present and future managers by demonstrating how "green" can be profitable, especially in the international arena, through outcome-oriented instruction. (AIM)|

Becker, Thomas

1997-01-01

465

Seamless User-Interface for Business Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The capturing and exploitation of user data within a Business Intelligence (BI) lifecycle involves the interaction between the human user - respectively teams - and systems. A large amount of BI-content is captured via structured documents. At first glance, the lifecycle of these structured documents stays purely digital in the future. Our research is based on the hypothesis, that the

Jan Seeburger; Achim P. Karduck; A. Rashid

2008-01-01

466

Business intelligence on complex graph data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in the Internet of Things will provide massive amounts of context-aware information that would need to be ingested and understood by supporting IT infrastructures, influencing running processes that trigger actions. As a result, future Business Intelligence (BI) platforms would need to be able to process and analyze complex data. In this paper, we adapt a generic graph model that

Dritan Bleco; Yannis Kotidis

2012-01-01

467

Empiricism in business ethics: Suggested research directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers future directions of empirical research in business ethics and presents a series of recommendations. Greater emphasis should be placed on the normative basis of empirical studies, behavior (rather than attitudes) should be established as the key dependent variable, theoretical models of ethical decision making should be tested, and empirical studies need to focus on theory-building. Extensions of

Diana C. Robertson

1993-01-01

468

The Escalation of Business as Usual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An academic plan is a business plan disguised in the regalia donned for significant public ceremonies--black cap and gown, colorful hood, and, of course, gold tassel. Several years ago, the University of Connecticut started to plan for the economic disaster that was at the time so obviously in the future of higher education institutions. A formal…

Tuchman, Gaye

2011-01-01

469

Entrepreneurship education and the business school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines entrepreneurship education in the light of debates about the future of the business school, the nature of the MBA, with which management education is generally synonymous, and the links that need to be created between teaching and research. There is increasing focus on the general utility of entrepreneurial skills and aptitudes (i.e. creativity, independent thinking, opportunity recognition

Martin Binks; Ken Starkey; Christopher L. Mahon

2006-01-01

470

Exploring business-to-business marketsites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business-to-business (B2B) marketsites are quickly becoming one of the major issues for companies in their search for opportunities to improve visibility of their trading activities and sources of further cost reduction. The paper begins with a synthesis of potential benefits resulting from participation in marketsites and then provides a number of initial classifications of marketsites. The paper then introduces some

Mark Barratt; Karsten Rosdahl

2002-01-01

471

On Demand Business-to-Business Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop an agent-based cross-enterprise Workflow Management System (WFMS) which can integrate business processes on user’s\\u000a demand. In our approach, business processes are wrapped by service agents. Based on users’ requirements, the integration agent\\u000a contacts the discovery agent to locate appropriate service agents, then negotiates with the service agents about task executions.\\u000a Ac ost model is proposed which allows the

Liangzhao Zeng; Boualem Benatallah; Anne H. H. Ngu

2001-01-01

472

Business-to-Business Electronic Commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper, prepared for the Journal of Economic Perspectives, provides an overview of the economic issues arising in business-to-business (B2B) online commerce. Just as the industrial revolution mechanized firms' manufacturing functions, the information revolution is now mechanizing firms' marketing functions. Industry insiders have forecast tremendous growth in B2B e-commerce, most predicting transaction volumes in the trillions of dollars by 2005.

David Lucking-Reiley; Daniel F. Spulber

2000-01-01

473

Business-to-Business Electronic Commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Just as the industrial revolution mechanized the manufacturing functions of firms, the information revolution is automating their merchant functions. Four types of potential productivity gains are expected from business-to-business (B2B) electronic commerce: cost efficiencies from automation of transactions, potential advantages of new market intermediaries, consolidation of demand and supply through organized exchanges, and changes in the extent of vertical integration

David Lucking-Reiley; Daniel F. Spulber

2001-01-01

474

Business renovation: business rules (still) the missing link  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim of this paper is to present the characteristics of business renovation efforts and research into some aspects of the business process and information modelling. Different business-rule categories are discussed and the relationships that exist between business rules and other business-related concepts are presented. The paper also introduces a business activity meta-model as an integration link between business

Andrej Kovacic

2004-01-01

475

Customer value, satisfaction, loyalty, and switching costs: An illustration from a business-to-business service context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although researchers and managers pay increasing attention to customer value, satisfaction, loyalty, and switching costs,\\u000a not much is known about their interrelationships. Prior research has examined the relationships within subsets of these constructs,\\u000a mainly in the business-to-consumer (B2C) environment. The authors extend prior research by developing a conceptual framework\\u000a linking all of these constructs in a business-to-business (B2B) service setting.

Shun Yin Lam; Venkatesh Shankar; M. Krishna Erramilli; Bvsan Murthy

2004-01-01

476

Engaging Community Businesses in HIV Prevention: A Feasibility Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose To explore the feasibility of engaging community businesses in HIV prevention. Design Randomly selected business owners/managers were asked to display discreetly wrapped condoms and brochures provided free-of-charge for 3 months. Assessments were conducted at baseline, mid-, and post-program. Customer feedback was obtained through an online survey. Setting San Diego, California neighborhood with a high rate of AIDS. Subjects Fifty-one business owners/managers representing 10 retail categories, and 52 customers. Measures Participation rates, descriptive characteristics, number of condoms and brochures distributed, customer feedback, business owners'/managers' program satisfaction and willingness to provide future support for HIV prevention. Analysis Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, Fisher's exact, and McNemar's tests were used to analyze data. Results The 20 business owners/managers (39%) who agreed to distribute condoms and brochures reported fewer years in business and more employees than those who agreed only to distribute brochures (20%) or refused to participate (41%), p <.05. Bars were the easiest of ten retail categories to recruit. Businesses with more employees and customers distributed more condoms and brochures, p < .05. More than 90% of customers supported distributing condoms and brochures in businesses and 96% of business owners/managers described their program experience as “positive.” Conclusion Businesses are willing to distribute condoms and brochures to prevent HIV. Policies to increase business participation in HIV prevention should be developed and tested.

Rovniak, Liza S.; Hovell, Melbourne F.; Hofstetter, C. Richard; Blumberg, Elaine J.; Sipan, Carol L.; Batista, Marcia F.; Martinez-Donate, Ana P.; Mulvihill, Mary M.; Ayala, Guadalupe X.

2009-01-01

477

How to make eco-business profitable: a view from business strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The eco-products may be generally more expensive than the conventional ones with their qualities less comfortable for use. These features put eco-products in a less competitive position than their substitutes in markets. One of the business strategies to make eco-business profitable is, therefore, to create a favorable market environment for eco-products. One of the measures of the global warming problem

S. Kurihara

1999-01-01

478

Complaint resolution management expectations in an asymmetric business-to-business context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to gain a deeper understanding of the attributes of effective complaint management in business-to-business relationships, and to reveal the underlying benefits that buying organizations are looking for when complaining. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A semi-standardized qualitative technique called laddering was applied successfully to an online environment with 22 representatives of companies in the manufacturing

Thorsten Gruber; Stephan C. Henneberg; Bahar Ashnai; Peter Naudé; Alexander Reppel

2010-01-01

479

Production planning and order acceptance in business to business electronic commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the exponential growth of the Internet and the increasing number of software solutions enabling business-to-business electronic commerce, we study negotiation processes in a make-to-order (MTO) environment. In many industries, the value chain is fragmented both horizontally and vertically and manufacturing firms operate upon a MTO basis. In this application domain, the main decision process consists of interfirm negotiation upon

T. Calosso; M. Cantamessa; Dang Vu; A. Villa

2003-01-01

480

Real Time Business Intelligence for the Adaptive Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's competitive environment, analysing data to predict market trends of products and services a nd to improve the performance of enterprise systems is an essenti al business survival activity. However, it is becoming clear t hat business success requires such data analysis to be carried o ut in real-time, and that actions in response to analysis results mu st

Ben Azvine; Zhan Cui; Detlef Nauck; Basim A. Majeed

2006-01-01

481

Scenarios and strategies: making the scenario about the business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scenario development has traditionally been an outward looking process designed to enhance awareness of potential change in the external business environment. A set of techniques is presented here for bringing the business and its internal issues directly into the scenario development effort from the beginning. By casting strategies as scenarios, companies can gain many of the benefits of traditional scenario

David H. Mason; James Herman

2003-01-01

482

Practice Makes Profit: Business Practices and Firm Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Which business practices set successful firms apart from others? We address this question using data from an official survey of almost 3,000 New Zealand firms. Questions cover: leadership, planning practices, customer and supplier focus, employee practices, quality and process monitoring, benchmarking, community and social responsibility, innovation, IT use, business structure and the competitive environment. Some of these are internal practices

Richard Fabling; Arthur Grimes

2006-01-01

483

An active functionality service for e-business applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service based architectures are a powerful approach to meet the fast evolution of business rules and the corresponding software. An active functionality service that detects events and involves the appropriate business rules is a critical component of such a service-based middleware architecture. In this paper we present an active functionality service that is capable of detecting events in heterogeneous environments,

Mariano Cilia; Alejandro P. Buchmann

2002-01-01

484

Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of today's increasingly complex business environment, decision makers in business need to use a process that takes into account and balances various forces--economic goals, personal values, and explicit values of the corporation. A process model provides a systematic method for ethical decision making. (Author/JOW)

Kirrane, Diane E.

1990-01-01

485

Job Shock: Four New Principles Transforming Our Work and Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book focuses on the ongoing revolution in work. Downsizing, entrepreneurship, businesses within businesses, and the quality of work life are discussed, with emphasis on how one can survive and prosper in this environment. The 17 chapters of the book are organized in five parts. In Part 1, "New Work for A New Era of Prosperity," the chapters…

Dent, Harry S., Jr.

486

Market Orientation in the Chilean Small Business Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Market orientation has been considered a key factor in successful business operations across different markets. To test this assertion, the authors examine the influence of a firm's market orientation on small business performance in the Chilean retail environment. They go on to report empirical information about the characteristics of the market-oriented retailers in Chile. The Kohli, Jaworski, and Kumar (1993)

José I. Rojas-Méndez; Ali Kara; John E. Spillan

2006-01-01

487

A Business Intelligence Model for SMEs Based on Tacit Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a specific model of business intelligence in relation with SMEs practices, culture and competitive environment. This model is based on the mobilization of corporate tacit knowledge and informal information, aiming at interpreting anticipatory environmental information and assist strategic decision making. An empirical survey assessing the existing business intelligence practices in 20 French SMEs has identified seven necessary

M. Sadok; H. Lesca

2009-01-01

488

Tobacco Business and Regulation in the Developing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares BAT's business environment in Kenya and Uganda in light of the World Health Organization's (WHO) tobacco control initiative. It also illustrates the use of tobacco tax by Sub-Saharan African countries to address tobacco related conundrums. The comparison revealed elements of government ambivalence towards tobacco business and a possible recourse to tobacco tax to mollify global pressure against

Lucy A. Ojode

2006-01-01

489

Towards Cross-Organizational Innovative Business Process Interoperability Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the vision and initial results of the COIN (FP7-IST-216256) European project for the development of open source Collaborative Business Process Interoperability (CBPip) in cross-organisational business collaboration environments following the Software-as-a-Service Utility (SaaS-U) paradigm.

Karacan, Ömer; Del Grosso, Enrico; Carrez, Cyril; Taglino, Francesco

490

Strategic Japanese business visions – possible transposes in public services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frequently, the „Japanese miracle” was a subject of discussion. The book „The Strategist Brain Power – The Business Art in Japan”, by Kenichi Ohmae (Japan, 1975) when the business environment was confronted with serious problems. The book brings, also in Romania (1998), a number of tools that can be used by businessmen in working out strategies ment to lead to

Adriana Grigorescu

2008-01-01

491

Business Recovery Related to High-Frequency Natural Hazard Events  

Microsoft Academic Search

In December 2007, flooding in southwest Washington caused widespread damage to more than 200 businesses and farms. The Institute for Global and Community Resilience (IGCR) at Western Washington University's Huxley College of the Environment received a Quick Response Grant from the Natural Hazards Center at the University of Colorado to research the effects of this flood on businesses in Centralia

Rebekah Green; Scott Miles; Gala Gulacsik; Jason Levy

2008-01-01

492

Triangle of Business Intelligence, Performance Measurement and Knowledge Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent significant changes in the business environment, e.g. the globalisation of markets, ever faster technological developments and the increased importance of knowledge-based assets, have brought about new managerial challenges. This has resulted in the emergence of new management concepts and tools, such as performance measurement, business intelligence and knowledge management. These concepts are expected to be better suited to the

Jussi Okkonen; Virpi Pirttimäki; Mika Hannula; Antti Lönnqvist

493

Competitiveness: business model reconfiguration for innovation and internationalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reflect on competitiveness by using the business model concept and to understand the need to adapt business models to changes in the environment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using Catalonia as a context, the paper derives recommendations by presenting and analyzing examples of companies, referred to as “new generation companies,” that have innovated in

Ramon Casadesus-Masanell; Joan E. Ricart

2010-01-01

494

Business as environmental steward: the growth of greening  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Business initiatives that improve environmental impact are increasing in number and the trend continues to accelerate. However, there is a growing consensus that transformations to protect the environment and conserve natural resources should be more pervasive and much larger steps than those already being taken are needed. Among the difficult challenges that business leaders and practitioners face today

Eric G. Olson

2009-01-01

495

Business Productivity and Area Productivity in Rural England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Webber D., Curry N. and Plumridge A. Business productivity and area productivity in rural England, Regional Studies. Rural area productivity and rural business productivity measure different things. This paper presents a empirical analysis of labour productivity differentials across the new Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) definition of ‘rural’. Labour productivity is 21% (13%) lower in sparse (less

Don Webber; Nigel Curry; Anthony Plumridge

2009-01-01

496

Virtuoso Business Mashups: building situational applications in record time  

Microsoft Academic Search

The workshop on Business Mashups presented a Web centric platform that brings people, process and data together without any coding in a hosted multi-tenant environment. It showed how to transparently integrate new ad-hoc processes, collaboration services and resources available on the Web so that companies can enable their power users to create, run and monitor Business Mashups by simply using

Bhadri Madapusi; Polina Gohshtein; Valentina Popescu

2009-01-01

497

Cheating the Business Template: Filling in the Blanks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business professionals often use standard templates when composing documents, and teachers of business writing direct students to textbook examples to use as sample formats. Good instructors do want to provide their students with informative examples of what is expected, especially in an online course environment where students cannot raise their…

Mechenbier, Mahli Xuan

2011-01-01

498

Issues for small businesses with waste management.  

PubMed

Participation by small and medium enterprise (SME) in corporate social responsibility issues has been found to be lacking. This is a critical issue, as individually SMEs may have little impact on the environment but their collective footprint is significant. The management style and ethical stance of the owner-manager affects business decision making and therefore has a direct impact on the environmental actions of the business. Although adoption of environmental practices to create competitive advantage has been advocated, many businesses see implementation as a cost which cannot be transferred to their customers. After a brief review of pertinent literature this paper reports on an exploratory investigation into the issue. Results show that whereas owner-managers of small enterprises express concern regarding the environment, this does not then translate into better waste management practices. PMID:17445961

Redmond, Janice; Walker, Elizabeth; Wang, Calvin

2007-04-18

499

The Business Pattern: A New Tool for Organizational Knowledge Capture and Reuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines an emerging shared metaphor, the business pattern, in the context of the encapsulation of wisdom. Discusses the logical evolution into "business patterns" and offers a more fully-realized template to illustrate the intent and to provide a framework for future development. Provides a prototypical example of a documented business pattern…

Falconer, James

1999-01-01

500

Gestire il cliente con il CRM e la Business Intelligence: tra storia e dati  

Microsoft Academic Search

MANAGING CUSTOMER BEHAVIOUR BY CRM AND BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: BETWEEN HISTORY AND DATA. In this paper we introduce some definitions concerning Customer Relationship Management and Business Intelligence and we emphasize how they can improve business strategies and performances. We show how Data Mining techniques can be used for CRM analysis, understanding customer behaviour in order to forecast future actions, improving decisions

Cinzia COLAPINTO

2005-01-01