Sample records for future design work

  1. Appointment Future work

    E-print Network

    Phillips, David

    1/17 Appointment scheduling Example: a glaucoma clinic Future work Appointment scheduling #12;2/17 Appointment scheduling Example: a glaucoma clinic Future work Have you heard this one? So: a glaucoma clinic Future work Have you heard this one? So a mathematician walks into a room full

  2. Mathematical Future work

    E-print Network

    Phillips, David

    1/15 Mathematical modeling Example: Glaucoma clinic Future work Scheduling and resource planning: models for a glaucoma clinic DAVID PHILLIPS Department of Mathematics United States Naval Academy Joint;2/15 Mathematical modeling Example: Glaucoma clinic Future work So a mathematician walks into a room full

  3. Future integrated design process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyer, D. D.

    1980-01-01

    The design process is one of the sources used to produce requirements for a computer system to integrate and manage product design data, program management information, and technical computation and engineering data management activities of the aerospace design process. Design activities were grouped chronologically and explored for activity type, activity interface, data quantity, and data flow. The work was based on analysis of the design process of several typical aerospace products, including both conventional and supersonic airplanes and a hydrofoil design. Activities examined included research, preliminary design, detail design, manufacturing interface, product verification, and product support. The design process was then described in an IPAD environment--the future.

  4. Designing real terrorism futures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin D. Hanson

    2006-01-01

    In July 2003, the Policy Analysis Market (PAM) was described as terrorism futures, and immediately cancelled. While PAM was not in fact designed to be terrorism futures, I here consider five design issues with implementing and using real terrorism futures: combinatorics, manipulation, moral hazard, hiding prices, and decision selection bias. As neither these nor other problems seem insurmountable, terrorism futures

  5. The Future of Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Best, Fred, Ed.

    The anthology addresses itself to some of the major issues concerning the evolving nature of work within advanced technical and affluent societies. Part 1 presents an essay which briefly reviews the evolutionary history of work. Part 2 seeks to define human needs as the goals of work and evaluative changing need priorities under conditions of…

  6. Conclusions and Future Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hoang Nam Nguyen

    \\u000a In this book, we have focused on several challenges relevant to guaranteeing QoS for multimedia services and providing Internet\\u000a traffic over broadband LEO satellite net-works. In particular, the following topics have been addressed:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Handover schemes and protocols for inter-satellite handover in LEO satellite networks based on ATM and IP.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a QoS routing strategies for multi-service multi-hop LEO satellite networks.

  7. Kids Design the Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Human Computer Interaction Lab at the University of Maryland wants children to have "a voice in making new technology for kids." To meet this goal, the group have organized a technology design team which brings together children (ages seven to eleven) and researchers from computer science, education, art, robotics, and other disciplines to meet twice a week and work on projects together. The teams write papers and create new technologies, most of which are available free to download from this website. Information on the group's design process and approach to teaching and learning is also provided.

  8. Designs on the future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Becker; B. Hagens

    1986-01-01

    Quite simply, the government should underwrite a major percentage of the cost of development of new PV products. We are unquestionably involved in a global economic war. The Japanese so perceive the situation and are acting upon it, with all the strength of their corporate national policies. In order to achieve this optimistic future projected for US-based PV (i.e. high-demand,

  9. Research Objective Conclusions & Future Work

    E-print Network

    Behal, Aman

    or minimized upper-body movement. · The researchers designed a computer-based graphical user interface for the MANUS. This project focused on the process of creating the ideal graphical user interface, since. ·Human factors psychology principles were applied to the graphical user interface of the system

  10. Work design and patient safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Carayon; C. J. Alvarado; A. Schoofs Hundt

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the linkages between work design and patient safety. The focus is on nursing work; however, many of the concepts and methods are equally applicable to other healthcare professions. Work design relies on a large body of knowledge, including ergonomics, job stress and job\\/organizational design. First, a general framework of work design and patient safety is proposed. The

  11. Adult Learning and the Future of Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Madhu, Ed.

    This book contains 15 papers: "Introduction" (Madhu Singh); "Adult Learning and the Transformation of Work" (Paul Belanger); "Future of Work and Adult Learning" (Ettore Gelpi); "The Obligation of Education in the Face of Globalisation" (Nicole Arnaud); "Lifelong Learning and Vocational Education and Training: A Teacher's and Trade Union View"…

  12. Future Work. Myths and Realities No. 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerka, Sandra

    In many of the stories foretelling the future of work, technology is assumed to be the irresistible driver of change. Both ends of the spectrum are foreseen: either technology will create new jobs and transform existing work to higher skill levels, or technology, especially information technology, will destroy jobs or degrade them into less…

  13. Accelerator Design Concept for Future Neutrino Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    ISS Accelerator Working Group; Zisman, Michael S; Berg, J. S.; Blondel, A.; Brooks, S.; Campagne, J.-E.; Caspar, D.; Cevata, C.; Chimenti, P.; Cobb, J.; Dracos, M.; Edgecock, R.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fabich, A.; Fernow, R.; Filthaut, F.; Gallardo, J.; Garoby, R.; Geer, S.; Gerigk, F.; Hanson, G.; Johnson, R.; Johnstone, C.; Kaplan, D.; Keil, E.; Kirk, H.; Klier, A.; Kurup, A.; Lettry, J.; Long, K.; Machida, S.; McDonald, K.; Meot, F.; Mori, Y.; Neuffer, D.; Palladino, V.; Palmer, R.; Paul, K.; Poklonskiy, A.; Popovic, M.; Prior, C.; Rees, G.; Rossi, C.; Rovelli, T.; Sandstrom, R.; Sevior, R.; Sievers, P.; Simos, N.; Torun, Y.; Vretenar, M.; Yoshimura, K.; Zisman, Michael S

    2008-02-03

    This document summarizes the findings of the Accelerator Working Group (AWG) of the International Scoping Study (ISS) of a Future Neutrino Factory and Superbeam Facility. The work of the group took place at three plenary meetings along with three workshops, and an oral summary report was presented at the NuFact06 workshop held at UC-Irvine in August, 2006. The goal was to reach consensus on a baseline design for a Neutrino Factory complex. One aspect of this endeavor was to examine critically the advantages and disadvantages of the various Neutrino Factory schemes that have been proposed in recent years.

  14. Molecular Nanotechnology and Designs of Future

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Srivastava, Deepak; Chancellor, Marisa K. (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    Reviewing the status of current approaches and future projections, as already published in the scientific journals and books, the talk will summarize the direction in which computational and experimental molecular nanotechnologies are progressing. Examples of nanotechnological approach to the concepts of design and simulation of atomically precise materials in a variety of interdisciplinary areas will be presented. The concepts of hypothetical molecular machines and assemblers as explained in Drexler's and Merckle's already published work and Han et. al's WWW distributed molecular gears will be explained.

  15. Essays on the workings and uses of futures markets 

    E-print Network

    Bryant, Henry L., IV

    2004-09-30

    This dissertation investigates various issues of interest regarding the workings and uses of commodity futures markets. Chapter II evaluates the relative performances of various estimators of bid-ask spreads in futures ...

  16. Environmental Design Charrettes: The future of design

    SciTech Connect

    Anstead, K. [Anstead Design Group, Boulder, CO (United States); Franta, G. [ENSAR Group, Inc., Boulder, CO (United States)

    1996-10-01

    In October, 1995, an Environmental Design Charrette (EDC) was held at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado. This EDC was part of a larger American Institute of Architects project of 15 other charrettes held throughout the US and linked together via modem. Experts were placed at the various sites to assist with the process at both a local and a national level. This paper presents the design problem addressed by the Fort Collins, Colorado site to program and design and Environmental Learning Center for Colorado State University.

  17. Constructing design weather data for future climates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SE Belcher; JN Hacker; DS Powell

    2005-01-01

    We develop a method, here called ‘morphing’, to produce design weather data for building thermal simulations that accounts for future changes to climate. Morphing combines present-day observed weather data with results from climate models. The procedure yields weather time series that encapsulate the average weather conditions of future climate scenarios, whilst preserving realistic weather sequences. In this sense the method

  18. Social Work's Future: Triumph or Disaster?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bertram M.

    1981-01-01

    Considers the social and political changes social workers may be faced with in the remainder of the century, and how the profession will react, in four scenarios. A national commission considering "future histories" describes possibilities ranging from heroism and expanded influence to loss of professional identity for social workers. (Author/JAC)

  19. Humanoids Designed to do Work

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ambrose, Robert; Askew, Scott; Bluethmann, William; Diftler, Myron

    2001-01-01

    NASA began with the challenge of building a robot fo r doing assembly, maintenance, and diagnostic work in the Og environment of space. A robot with human form was then chosen as the best means of achieving that mission. The goal was not to build a machine to look like a human, but rather, to build a system that could do the same work. Robonaut could be inserted into the existing space environment, designed for a population of astronauts, and be able to perform many of the same tasks, with the same tools, and use the same interfaces. Rather than change that world to accommodate the robot, instead Robonaut accepts that it exists for humans, and must conform to it. While it would be easier to build a robot if all the interfaces could be changed, this is not the reality of space at present, where NASA has invested billions of dollars building spacecraft like the Space Shuttle and International Space Station. It is not possible to go back in time, and redesign those systems to accommodate full automation, but a robot can be built that adapts to them. This paper describes that design process, and the res ultant solution, that NASA has named Robonaut.

  20. Fashion Design for a Projected Future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annette Ames

    2008-01-01

    Using long-term forecasting techniques, an apparel design problem is developed to explore possible outcomes for a style of fashionable women's clothing in the relatively near future, approximately 10 to 20 years from now. The form of fashion design that exists outside of commercial constraints and is used to create drama on the runway is chosen to provide freedom in aesthetic

  1. Career opportunities--Design your future!

    E-print Network

    Lin, Zhiqun

    Career opportunities-- Design your future! Our programs and labs provide hands-on learning high-tech environmentally-friendly materials designed for use in magnetic refrigeration to appropriate in biomedical devices, computer chips, clothing, automobile parts, and, yes, even the kitchen sink

  2. Design Conversation: Future Building and Consciousness Evolving

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick M. Jenlink

    In this opening chapter, first, I review the purpose of this Compendium and provide an overview of the learning journey presented by the editors and authors. The chapter is presented in two parts. Part I begins with an exploration of the meaning of design conversation. Then, I examine the relationship of design conversation\\u000a to future building and consciousness evolving within

  3. California Energy Futures Study Working Committee

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    of renewable & sustainable feedstocks for fuels (e.g. BCAP), development of new market mechanisms Medium Economic Biomass Yield Technology Design & implementation of high biomass crops Development of improved Availability Economic Competition with biomass markets for fiber and electricity Incentives for use

  4. Equipped for the Future. Preparing for Work: A Guide for Business

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Literacy Studies, University of Tennessee (NJ3), 2011

    2011-01-01

    "Preparing for Work," developed by Equipped for the Future at the Center for Literacy Studies, University of Tennessee, is a skills-based course designed for implementation in organizations and agencies involved in preparing their clients and students for entry level work. Each of the instructional modules that comprise the "Preparing for Work"…

  5. Three Decades of Designing the Future

    E-print Network

    Bieber, Michael

    Three Decades of Designing the Future AUTHOR: J. ROBERT HILLIER, NJIT Overseer and member of the Albert Dorman Honors College Board of Visitors, is the founder of Hillier Architecture, today a 320 of architecture in New Jersey: one rich in technology, developing a dynamic network within its university

  6. Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable

    E-print Network

    Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy Systems Future Grid the Future Electric Energy System #12;Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable Summary This white paper synthesizes technology challenges for reaching a vision of the future grid that

  7. Bounding the Spacecraft Atmosphere Design Space for Future Exploration Missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lange, Kevin E.; Perka, Alan T.; Duffield, Bruce E.; Jeng, Frank F.

    2005-01-01

    The selection of spacecraft and space suit atmospheres for future human space exploration missions will play an important, if not critical, role in the ultimate safety, productivity, and cost of such missions. Internal atmosphere pressure and composition (particularly oxygen concentration) influence many aspects of spacecraft and space suit design, operation, and technology development. Optimal atmosphere solutions must be determined by iterative process involving research, design, development, testing, and systems analysis. A necessary first step in this process is the establishment of working bounds on the atmosphere design space.

  8. Present status and future of the sophisticated work station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishida, Haruhisa

    The excellency of the work station is explained, by comparing the functions of software and hardware of work station with those of personal computer. As one of the examples utilizing the functions of work station, desk top publishing is explained. By describing the competition between the Group of ATT · Sun Microsystems which intends to have the leadership by integrating Berkeley version which is most popular at this moment and System V version, and the group led by IBM, future of UNIX as OS of work station is predicted. Development of RISC processor, TRON Plan and Sigma Projects by MITI are also mentioned as its background.

  9. Aerodynamic Design Opportunities for Future Supersonic Aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wood, Richard M.; Bauer, Steven X. S.; Flamm, Jeffrey D.

    2002-01-01

    A discussion of a diverse set of aerodynamic opportunities to improve the aerodynamic performance of future supersonic aircraft has been presented and discussed. These ideas are offered to the community in a hope that future supersonic vehicle development activities will not be hindered by past efforts. A number of nonlinear flow based drag reduction technologies are presented and discussed. The subject technologies are related to the areas of interference flows, vehicle concepts, vortex flows, wing design, advanced control effectors, and planform design. The authors also discussed the importance of improving the aerodynamic design environment to allow creativity and knowledge greater influence. A review of all of the data presented show that pressure drag reductions on the order of 50 to 60 counts are achievable, compared to a conventional supersonic cruise vehicle, with the application of several of the discussed technologies. These drag reductions would correlate to a 30 to 40% increase in cruise L/D (lift-to-drag ratio) for a commercial supersonic transport.

  10. Design rationale for a remote work vehicle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1986-01-01

    The remote work vehicle (RWV) is a mobile, teleoperated, electrohydraulic robot designed for aggressive, radiological decontamination work. The RWV performs tasks such as washdown, sampling, material packaging and transport, surfacing, and demolition. This paper discusses the design rationale that shaped the development of the RWV with respect to capability, reliability, operability, decontaminability, extensibility, and maintainability. To meet an important subset

  11. Functional categories for future flight deck designs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abbott, Terence S.

    1993-01-01

    With the addition of each new system on the flight deck, the danger of increasing overall operator workload while reducing crew understanding of critical mission information exists. The introduction of more powerful onboard computers, larger databases, and the increased use of electronic display media may lead to a situation of flight deck 'sophistication' at the expense of losses in flight crew capabilities and situational awareness. To counter this potentially negative impact of new technology, research activities are underway to reassess the flight deck design process. The fundamental premise of these activities is that a human-centered, systems-oriented approach to the development of advanced civil aircraft flight decks will be required for future designs to remain ergonomically sound and economically competitive. One of the initial steps in an integrated flight deck process is to define the primary flight deck functions needed to support the mission goals of the vehicle. This would allow the design team to evaluate candidate concepts in relation to their effectiveness in meeting the functional requirements. In addition, this would provide a framework to aid in categorizing and bookkeeping all of the activities that are required to be performed on the flight deck, not just activities of the crew or of a specific system. This could then allow for a better understanding and allocation of activities in the design, an understanding of the impact of a specific system on overall system performance, and an awareness of the total crew performance requirements for the design. One candidate set of functional categories that could be used to guide an advanced flight deck design are described.

  12. Designing the future of collaborative science: Argonne's Futures Laboratory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. L. Disz; R. Evard; M. W. Henderson; W. Nickless; R. Olson; M. E. Papka; R. Stevens

    1995-01-01

    Argonne National Laboratory created its Computing and Communications Infrastructure Futures Laboratory to develop next-generation computing and communications infrastructure systems. An important goal of the Futures Lab project is to understand how to incorporate advanced display and media server systems into scientific computing environments. The objective is to create new collaborative environment technologies that combine advanced networking, virtual-space technology, and high-end

  13. Guidelines for children's work in agriculture: implications for the future.

    PubMed

    Marlenga, Barbara; Lee, Barbara C; Pickett, William

    2012-01-01

    The North American Guidelines for Children's Agricultural Tasks (NAGCAT) were developed to assist parents in assigning developmentally appropriate and safe farm work to their children aged 7-16 years. Since their release in 1999, a growing body of evidence has accumulated regarding the content and application of these guidelines to populations of working children on farms. The purpose of this paper is to review the scientific and programmatic evidence about the content, efficacy, application, and uptake of NAGCAT and propose key recommendations for the future. The methods for this review included a synthesis of the peer-reviewed literature and programmatic evidence gathered from safety professionals. From the review, it is clear that the NAGCAT tractor guidelines and the manual material handling guidelines need to be updated based upon the latest empirical evidence. While NAGCAT do have the potential to prevent serious injuries to working children in the correct age range (7-16 years), the highest incidence of farm related injuries and fatalities occur to children aged 1-6 years and NAGCAT are unlikely to have any direct effect on this leading injury problem. It is also clear that NAGCAT, as a voluntary educational strategy, is not sufficient by itself to protect children working on farms. Uptake of NAGCAT has been sporadic, despite being geographically widespread and has depended, almost solely, on a few interested and committed professionals. Key recommendations for the future are provided based upon this review. PMID:22490027

  14. Future Remains: Industrial Heritage at the Hanford Plutonium Works

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freer, Brian

    This dissertation argues that U.S. environmental and historic preservation regulations, industrial heritage projects, history, and art only provide partial frameworks for successfully transmitting an informed story into the long range future about nuclear technology and its related environmental legacy. This argument is important because plutonium from nuclear weapons production is toxic to humans in very small amounts, threatens environmental health, has a half-life of 24, 110 years and because the industrial heritage project at Hanford is the first time an entire U.S. Department of Energy weapons production site has been designated a U.S. Historic District. This research is situated within anthropological interest in industrial heritage studies, environmental anthropology, applied visual anthropology, as well as wider discourses on nuclear studies. However, none of these disciplines is really designed or intended to be a completely satisfactory frame of reference for addressing this perplexing challenge of documenting and conveying an informed story about nuclear technology and its related environmental legacy into the long range future. Others have thought about this question and have made important contributions toward a potential solution. Examples here include: future generations movements concerning intergenerational equity as evidenced in scholarship, law, and amongst Native American groups; Nez Perce and Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation responses to the Hanford End State Vision and Hanford's Canyon Disposition Initiative; as well as the findings of organizational scholars on the advantages realized by organizations that have a long term future perspective. While these ideas inform the main line inquiry of this dissertation, the principal approach put forth by the researcher of how to convey an informed story about nuclear technology and waste into the long range future is implementation of the proposed Future Remains clause, as originated by the author, by amendment to two U.S. federal laws: National Historic Preservation Act and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. The dissertation provides a case study in public anthropology. The findings of the dissertation include recommendations whereby the Future Remains clause gives historic preservation and cultural resources a leading and ongoing role in facilitating real-time forward looking historical documentation at environmental restoration projects at United States National Priorities List (i.e., "Superfund") sites.

  15. Baseband Architecture Design for FutureWirelessBase-Station Receivers

    E-print Network

    Cavallaro, Joseph R.

    Baseband Architecture Design for FutureWirelessBase-Station Receivers Sridhar Rajagopal Thesis UNIVERSITY Baseband Architecture Design for Future Wireless Base-Station Receivers by Sridhar Rajagopal of Computational and Applied Mathematics Houston, Texas May, 2000 #12;ABSTRACT Baseband Architecture Design

  16. Work in progress — Skunk works Immersion Design Experience, utilization of the Lockheed Martin Skunk Works Design process to teach innovation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. R. Huntoon; D. Etter

    2010-01-01

    Southern Methodist University has partnered with Lockheed Martin Skunk Works® to develop a program that emphasizes innovation while challenging students to excel. This paper discusses high pressure design challenges, or Immersion Design Experiences (IDE) which use components of the Skunk Works Design philosophy, modified for academia. IDEs take interdisciplinary teams comprised not only of engineering students, but students from across

  17. Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quincy, Michael L.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this review paper, "Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works", is to present some basic curriculum necessities for developing an in-school sexual education program that results in decreasing the number of teenagers initiating sex, thus reducing the number of teen pregnancies and cases of sexually transmitted…

  18. Comparison of JSFR design with EDF requirements for future SFR

    SciTech Connect

    Uematsu, M. M. [JAEA, 2-2-2 Uchisaiwai-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-8577 (Japan); Prele, G. [EDF SEPTEN, 12-14 Avenue Dutrievoz, F-69628 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Mariteau, P.; Sauvage, J. F. [Electricite de France EDF (France); Hayafune, H.; Chikazawa, Y. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency JAEA (Japan)

    2012-07-01

    A comparison of Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor (JSFR) design with future French SFR concept has been done based on the requirement of EDF, the investor-operator of future French SFR, and the French safety baseline, under the framework of EDF-JAEA bilateral agreement of research and development cooperation on future SFR. (authors)

  19. Macroergonomics: analysis and design of work systems.

    PubMed

    Kleiner, Brian M

    2006-01-01

    Attending to the larger system components such as organizational design and management is not novel for ergonomists. In Europe, there has been a strong tradition to investigate ergonomic problems within a holistic, systems context. "Macroergonomics" builds upon this tradition by providing specific methods and tools that yield large-scale results. It is believed that meaningful and large-scale results are needed in today's competitive and turbulent work environments. Macroergonomics is defined, its history is uncovered and focus is given to a key methodology, macroergonomic analysis and design. Case studies are used to validate the method and illustrate that performance results in the 60-90% range can be expected. PMID:16226212

  20. Schools of the Future and Sustainable Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Anne Webster

    This thesis examines what practices schools and school districts need to adopt if they want to apply sustainable design principles to their new schools and the benefits these design practices offer school communities. The paper argues that school districts will benefit from these design principles, and that these benefits will occur because…

  1. Division XII / Commission 5 / Working Group Designations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmitz, Marion; Andernach, Heinz J.; Borde, Suzanne; Borne, Kirk D.; Cowley, Anne P.; Dickel, Helene R.; Dubois, Pascal; Gallagher, John S.; Genova, Françoise; Hodge, Paul W.; Hunstead, Richard W.; Lortet, Marie-Claire; Lubowich, Donald A.; Malkov, Oleg Yu.; Nagata, Tetsuya; Ochsenbein, François; Urban, Sean E.; Vishniac, Ethan T.; Warren, Wayne H.; Zacharias, Norbert

    2007-12-01

    At the 2003 Sydney IAU meeting, Marion Schmitz (Caltech, USA) took over the chair of the Commission 5 Working Group Designations, succeeding Helene Dickel. The Working Group Designations of IAU Commission 5 clarifies existing astronomical nomenclature and helps astronomers avoid potential problems when designating their sources. The most important function of WG Designations during the period 2003-2005 was overseeing the IAU REGISTRY FOR ACRONYMS (for newly discovered astronomical sources of radiation: see the website ) which is sponsored by the WG and operated by the Centre de Données de Strasbourg (CDS). The Clearing House, a subgroup of the WG, screens the submissions for accuracy and conformity to the IAU Recommendations for Nomenclature (). From its beginning in 1997 through August 2006, there have been 132 submissions and 111 acceptances. Attempts to register asterisms, common star names, and suspected variable stars were rejected. The past three years saw 61 acronyms submitted with 50 of them being accepted. (GIRL - yes; WOMEN - no).

  2. Design Issues in Future Hadron Colliders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Shekhar Mishra

    1998-01-01

    The Very Large Hadron Collider(VLHC) at Fermilab is being designed to extend the energy frontier beyond the LHC and utilize Fermilab's injector chain of Linac, Booster and Main Injector. The design center of mass energy for the VLHC pp collider is 100 TeV, with an initial luminosity of 1e34 cm-1sec-1. The present design will provide an integrated luminosity of about

  3. Fundamental design issues for the future Internet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott Shenker

    1995-01-01

    The Internet has been a startling and dramatic success. Originally designed to link together a small group of researchers, the Internet is now used by many millions of people. However, multimedia applications, with their novel traffic characteristics and service requirements, pose an interesting challenge to the technical foundations of the Internet. We address some of the fundamental architectural design issues

  4. Introduction Basic Structure Dynamics of Bucky Balls and Nanotubes Future Work Geometry from Chemistry

    E-print Network

    Broughton, S. Allen

    Introduction Basic Structure Dynamics of Bucky Balls and Nanotubes Future Work Geometry from Structure number of pentagons graphene sheets nanotubes from graphene sheets 3 Dynamics of Bucky Balls Future Work #12;Introduction Basic Structure Dynamics of Bucky Balls and Nanotubes Future Work bucky

  5. Design Issues in Future Hadron Colliders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shekhar Mishra, C.

    1998-04-01

    The Very Large Hadron Collider(VLHC) at Fermilab is being designed to extend the energy frontier beyond the LHC and utilize Fermilab's injector chain of Linac, Booster and Main Injector. The design center of mass energy for the VLHC pp collider is 100 TeV, with an initial luminosity of 1e34 cm-1sec-1. The present design will provide an integrated luminosity of about 100 fb-1 per year. A 6 TeV center of mass hadron collider and ep physics program is also being developed with the VLHC Booster. Low field and High field magnets are being considered for this accelerator. Design issues for the two magnet technologies, aperture, instabilities etc. will be discussed. This mini-symposium session will be followed by a mini-symposium on Hadron Colliders beyond the LHC.

  6. Foodservice design--planning for the future.

    PubMed

    Guyott, C

    1997-10-01

    An independent foodservice consultant performs the design functions and puts the specifications and plans out for a competitive bid to dealers. A foodservice equipment dealer will order and install equipment and handle concerns after installation. Planning and forethought on the part of the foodservice director and consultant can assist the food-service designer in coordinating the functions to create an efficient kitchen. PMID:9336578

  7. Safety by design and future developments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akladios, Magdy; McMullin, Dianne; Gopalakrishnan, Bhaskaran; Becker, Paul E.; Carr, Michael; Lobo, Paul; Farmani, Maryam; Decker, Andrew

    2001-10-01

    With the giant leaps that technology has taken in the past few years, some professions are still largely artistic. A good example of this is the profession of design. Designers produce products that are efficient, attractive, practical, but not safe. This is because most Universities around the world fail to include safety and health issues into their curriculum. To overcome that flaw, a rule-based tool was designed to assist designers in pointing out the unsafe conditions in their designs. This tool, that utilizes expert systems technologies, took five years to reach its current version. The tool is called TEXPERT. The latest version of TEXPERT underwent a number of changes and continued growth. This year's efforts resulted in the selection of a focus area and investigations into the selection of two technologies (demolition and decontamination- D&D) by which to validate the program. Validation and expansion of the rule-base continued with an emphasis on those components necessary for D&D. Research in object-oriented prototypes, determination of report-format and approach, and development of an initial visual project builder interface were also accomplished. Latest accomplishments included the development of new components, two-way interactions, and the implementation of a maintainable component database that the user interface can use to build the current library that will be available in the menu system.

  8. Design and Optimization of Future Hybrid and Electric Propulsion Systems

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Design and Optimization of Future Hybrid and Electric Propulsion Systems: An Advanced Tool and Optimization of Future Hybrid and Electric Propulsion Systems: An Advanced Tool Integrated in a Complete systèmes de propulsion hybride et électrique: un outil avancé et intégré dans une chaîne complète dédiée à

  9. Designing Future Landscapes from Principles of Form and Function1

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Designing Future Landscapes from Principles of Form and Function1 Larry D. Harris and Patrick Assistant, respectively, University of Florida, Gainesville Florida, 32611. Abstract: Future landscapes-dominated landscapes will be required to fulfill multiple functions only one of which is aesthetic enjoyment

  10. Back to the future Early co-design

    E-print Network

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    . · Software transformation and optimization. · Communication-centric system synthesis. #12;Trends · ComplexBack to the future · Early co-design research developed HW/SW partitioning methods analysis. · Software performance analysis. · Power analysis. · Synthesis of multiprocessor systems

  11. Shaped pupil design for future space telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riggs, A. J. Eldorado; Zimmerman, Neil; Carlotti, Alexis; Kasdin, N. Jeremy; Vanderbei, Robert

    2014-08-01

    Several years ago at Princeton we invented a technique to optimize shaped pupil (SP) coronagraphs for any telescope aperture. In the last year, our colleagues at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) invented a method to produce these non-freestanding mask designs on a substrate. These two advances allowed us to design SPs for two possible space telescopes for the direct imaging of exoplanets and disks, WFIRST-AFTA and Exo-C. In December 2013, the SP was selected along with the hybrid Lyot coronagraph for placement in the AFTA coronagraph instrument. Here we describe our designs and analysis of the SPs being manufactured and tested in the High Contrast Imaging Testbed at JPL.We also explore hybrid SP coronagraph designs for AFTA that would improve performance with minimal or no changes to the optical layout. These possibilities include utilizing a Lyot stop after the focal plane mask or applying large, static deformations to the deformable mirrors (nominally for wavefront correction) already in the system.

  12. A Future in Fashion: Designing Wearable Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brew, Charl Anne

    2009-01-01

    Art instructors are ever mindful of the need to introduce and encourage the possibilities of careers in the art field. The longer the author has been teaching art, the more aware she has become of the many wonderful art-related jobs and careers that exist. Fashion design, marketing and retail are three areas in which many students--male and…

  13. Dean's Report | 2011 Designing the Future

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    Development Program (SCXLDP) for its top technical leaders from across the company's global bottling system's preeminent business school for management and technology. But much work remains to be done. I know interdisciplinary educational opportunities, such as the Steven A. Denning Technology & Management Program, which

  14. Ecological interface design for petrochemical applications: supporting operator adaptation, continuous learning, and distributed, collaborative work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Greg A. Jamieson; Kim J. Vicente

    2001-01-01

    Future support systems for operators of petrochemical refineries will have to support operator adaptation to unanticipated events, foster continuous learning, and facilitate distributed, collaborative work. This paper describes Ecological Interface Design, a candidate framework for human–computer interface design that has the potential to fulfill these diverse demands. Support for adaptation and continuous learning is demonstrated though the design of a

  15. Essays on the workings and uses of futures markets

    E-print Network

    Bryant, Henry L., IV

    2004-09-30

    futures contracts call for delivery of 5 tonnes of robusta coffee. The minimum price fluctuation is one U.S. dollar per tonne, and delivery months are January, March, May, July, September, and November. Daily trading volume in the nearby futures...

  16. How to connect the present to the future for design? Comparative study of design method and forecasting method

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seungwoo Maeng; KunPyo Lee

    Future is known as the projection of present. Design is a tool for shaping the future and consequently result of the design activity is for future prospective. As a result of design activity, there are many future scenarios, products and services. Currently, most of design methods are dealing with the future as a projection of the present. Namely the existing

  17. The Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ): Developing and Validating a Comprehensive Measure for Assessing Job Design and the Nature of Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederick P. Morgeson; Stephen E. Humphrey

    2006-01-01

    Although there are thousands of studies investigating work and job design, existing measures are incomplete. In an effort to address this gap, the authors reviewed the work design literature, identified and integrated previously described work characteristics, and developed a measure to tap those work characteristics. The resultant Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ) was validated with 540 incumbents holding 243 distinct jobs

  18. How Children Can Design the Future Mona Leigh Guha1

    E-print Network

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    How Children Can Design the Future Mona Leigh Guha1 , Allison Druin1 , Jerry Alan Fails2 1 Human@umiacs.umd.edu, failsj@mail.montclair.edu Abstract. Over the past 15 years, children have become more integrally involved, specifically Cooperative Inquiry, used for designing technology with children can and should now be extended

  19. Design of high efficiency blowers for future aerosol applications

    E-print Network

    Chadha, Raman

    2007-04-25

    High efficiency air blowers to meet future portable aerosol sampling applications were designed, fabricated, and evaluated. A Centrifugal blower was designed to achieve a flow rate of 100 L/min (1.67 x 10^-3 m^3/s) and a pressure rise of WC " 4...

  20. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Market Design Analysis Tool

    E-print Network

    FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Market Design Analysis Tool OBJECTIVE Power market design plays the FPGI website or contact: gridoptics.pnnl.gov large-scale power grid simulation and analysis. Focus Area a critical role in the outcomes related to power system reliability and market efficiency. However

  1. Design of high efficiency blowers for future aerosol applications 

    E-print Network

    Chadha, Raman

    2007-04-25

    High efficiency air blowers to meet future portable aerosol sampling applications were designed, fabricated, and evaluated. A Centrifugal blower was designed to achieve a flow rate of 100 L/min (1.67 x 10^-3 m^3/s) and a ...

  2. The Future of Working Wisconsin. Proceedings from "The Future of Working Wisconsin" Conference (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, February 24-26, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wacker, Gabrielle Banick, Ed.

    The following are among the 45 papers included in this proceedings: "Labor Force Changes in the United States: Implications for Education and Training" (Kutscher); "Industry, Employment, and Family Income: Wisconsin's Status" (Stoner); "Future Demographic and Social Trends" (Zach); "International Business in Wisconsin's Future" (Shank);…

  3. Resist design methodology: Past, present, future

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, L.F. [AT& T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Soon after the invention of the point contact transistor in 1947, the planer junction transistor was developed. This technology required etching precise patterns into dielectric and conductor films on flat semiconductor substrates with dimensions a small as 35{mu}m. This was accomplished by utilizing a polymer resist and a very old art process that was used to etch glass and metal for decorative purposes. The same process was used to produce copper printing plates. By 1970 the monolithic integrated circuit (IC`s) had been developed and their manufacture required producing features as small as 10 {mu}m and by 1980 2{mu}m patterns were common place. In the year 2000 the authors will be manufacturing circuits with geometries of 0.15{mu}m dimensions. This phenomenal evolution has required and continues to require polymer resist materials of ever increasing sophistication. This paper will describe the evolution of the lithography technology used to produce these circuits and the resist design methods developed at AT&T Bell Laboratories. A lithography roadmap will be presented and polymer resist needs discussed.

  4. Design of future surveys: chapter 13

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bart, Jonathan; Smith, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    This brief chapter addresses two related issues: how effort should be allocated to different parts of the sampling plan and, given optimal allocation, how large a sample will be required to achieve the PRISM accuracy target. Simulations based on data collected to date showed that 2 plots per cluster on rapid surveys, 2 intensive camps per field crew-year, 2-4 intensive plots per intensive camp, and 2-3 rapid surveys per intensive plot is the most efficient allocation of resources. Using this design, we investigated how crew-years should be allocated to each region in order to meet the PRISM accuracy target most efficiently. The analysis indicated that 40-50 crew-years would achieve the accuracy target for 18-24 of the 26 species breeding widely in the Arctic. This analysis was based on assuming that two rounds of surveys were conducted and that a 50% decline occurred between them. We discuss the complexity of making these estimates and why they should be viewed as first approximations.

  5. How can ergonomics influence design? Moving from research findings to future systems.

    PubMed

    Dekker, Sidney W A; Nyce, James M

    2004-12-01

    Ergonomics design is about the creation of future work. So how can ergonomics research support and inform design if its findings are cast in a language oriented towards current work derived from field observations or laboratory settings? In this paper we assess instances of three different strands (experimental, ethnomethodological, and surveys) of ergonomics research on paper flight strips in air traffic control, for how they analytically confront future work and how they make the findings relevant or credible with respect to future work. How these justifications come about, or how valid (or well argued for) they are, is rarely considered in the ergonomics literature. All three strands appear to rely on rhetoric and argument as well as method and analysis, to justify findings in terms of their future applicability. Closing the gap between research results and future work is an important aim of the ergonomic enterprise. Better understanding of the processes necessary to bridge this gap may be critical for progress in ergonomics research and for the use of its findings in actual design processes. PMID:15545236

  6. The Future World of Work: Looking toward the Year 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Way of America, Alexandria, VA.

    This report looks toward the workplace of the year 2000 and describes how current trends could affect United Way programs and operations. To identify trends for the report, the research committee used two futures research methods: the Delphi process and environmental analysis. Using these techniques, the committee identified eight major trends on…

  7. Do Computerised Training Programmes Designed to Improve Working Memory Work?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Apter, Brian J. B.

    2012-01-01

    A critical review of working memory training research during the last 10 years is provided. Particular attention is given to research that has attempted to investigate the efficacy of commercially marketed computerised training programmes such as "Cogmed" and "Jungle Memory". Claimed benefits are questioned on the basis that research methodologies…

  8. Skills for Work in the Future: A Youth Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyngdoh, Bremley W. B.

    2005-01-01

    According to a 2004 International Labour Organization (ILO) report, young people represent 130 million of the world's 550 million working poor who are unable to lift themselves and their families above the equivalent of the $1 per day poverty line. These young people struggle to survive, often performing work under unsatisfactory conditions in the…

  9. Designing the coal preparation plant of the future

    SciTech Connect

    Arnold, B.J.; Klima, M.S.; Bethell, P.J. (eds.)

    2007-07-01

    How can we design more efficient plants and what will plants look like in the future? What are the new techniques for designing plant layouts, monitoring performance, and building in preventive maintenance? What challenges face the industry and how can operators capitalize on opportunities to maximise yield, reduce costs, and improve efficiency? More than a dozen experts address these and other issues, offering cutting-edge highlights and compelling case histories from industry leaders through the world in 15 chapters.

  10. Exploring the space of near-future design with children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Stringer; Eric Harris; Geraldine Fitzpatrick

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes a series of user-centred desig n sessions conducted with children of varying ages to explore near-future applications of sensor-based technologi es. We explain how a review of each session resulted in re design of the activity and the identification of modifiable a spects of the design process, that when changed, result in ri cher understandings of possible

  11. Futures at the IC Design-Manufacturing Andrew B. Kahng

    E-print Network

    California at San Diego, University of

    Manufacturing Corrected Layout Mask Wafer Packaged Die E-Test Wafer Sort Burn-In Final Test #12;Andrew B. Kahng 110328 7Futures at the IC Design-Manufacturing Interface Andrew B. Kahng UCSD VLSI CAD Laboratory abk at the Design-Manufacturing Interface #12;Andrew B. Kahng 110328 4 What Does an IC Do? GOPS 0.01 0.1 1 10 Video

  12. Lessons for Working with Web Designers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nardini, Holly K. Grossetta; Linden, Julie; Mayman, Gillian; Reardon, Karen; Shimp, Andrew

    2002-01-01

    Describes the use of an outside graphic design firm to redesign the Yale University Library (New Haven, CT) Web site. Topics include division of labor; design principles and technical requirements; related Web sites at Yale; usability testing; coding that conformed to library standards; ease of use; and communication between the design firm and…

  13. Rube Goldbergineering: Lessons In Teaching Engineering Design To Future Engineers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shawn Jordan; Nielsen Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Hands-on learning experiences and interactive learning environments can be effective in teaching K-12 students. Design, in essence, is an interactive, hands-on experience. Engineering design can be taught in the classroom using innovative hands-on projects, such as designing and building serve to teach design, promote creativity, and provide opportunities for hands-on problem solving, in addition to giving students experience working in

  14. Experiencing Organizational Work Design: Beyond Hackman and Oldham

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fornaciari, Charles J.; Dean, Kathy Lund

    2005-01-01

    Standard organizational behavior survey courses usually introduce students to the "nuts and bolts" of organizational work design and models that mechanize work. This article develops an experiential exercise that simulates working conditions that can foster greater student understanding of the affective, ethical, and human aspects of work design.…

  15. PFR/TREAT programme: objectives, progress and future work

    SciTech Connect

    Cowking, C.B.; Alter, H.; Hewison, R.; Borys, S.S.; Wood, M.H.; Culley, G.E.; Woods, W.J.; Klickman, A.E.

    1982-01-01

    The PFR/TREAT collaborative program of fast-reactor fuel testing is described and the objectives are illustrated in terms of the parameters selected for the irradiation of US and UK full-length fuel pins in PFR, followed by safety testing in TREAT. The measurements being made before, during, and after testing are outlined and the equipment and facilities being used in the UK and USA are described. An outline is given of the progress made and results obtained since the beginning of the collaboration in November 1979, together with future schedules for irradiation and testing. More-detailed results from the first two tests are given in a companion paper.

  16. Report of the Working Design Group

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    The engineering study group in the LOUISA workshop was responsible for producing a preliminary general design for an optical synthetic aperture telescope on the Moon. This design is intended to be a test case for focusing continuing design studies. The scope of the design included consideration of the array geometry, individual telescopes, metrology, site attributes, and construction. However, no attempt was made to go into further depth in the design than to cover the essential characteristics of the instrument. The starting point for the array design was the lunar optical array discussed by Burke (1985). His array geometry followed the design and correlation procedure of the 27-element Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescopes near Socorro, New Mexico.

  17. Background State-space model Simulation study Future work Analysis and interpretation of acoustic array data

    E-print Network

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Background State-space model Simulation study Future work Analysis and interpretation of acoustic Equipment for acoustic data collection Photo credit: Vemco. #12;Background State-space model Simulation Receivers 100 m radius Ref tags #12;Background State-space model Simulation study Future work Acoustic array

  18. Interactive systems design and synthesis of future spacecraft concepts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wright, R. L.; Deryder, D. D.; Ferebee, M. J., Jr.

    1984-01-01

    An interactive systems design and synthesis is performed on future spacecraft concepts using the Interactive Design and Evaluation of Advanced spacecraft (IDEAS) computer-aided design and analysis system. The capabilities and advantages of the systems-oriented interactive computer-aided design and analysis system are described. The synthesis of both large antenna and space station concepts, and space station evolutionary growth is demonstrated. The IDEAS program provides the user with both an interactive graphics and an interactive computing capability which consists of over 40 multidisciplinary synthesis and analysis modules. Thus, the user can create, analyze and conduct parametric studies and modify Earth-orbiting spacecraft designs (space stations, large antennas or platforms, and technologically advanced spacecraft) at an interactive terminal with relative ease. The IDEAS approach is useful during the conceptual design phase of advanced space missions when a multiplicity of parameters and concepts must be analyzed and evaluated in a cost-effective and timely manner.

  19. Work in progress - engaging future engineers by leveraging the past

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Don Millard

    2005-01-01

    The paper presents the work in progress to leverage the rich historical archives of General Electric's (GE) science & technology to produce new educational materials; incorporating a wonderful series of 23 scientific comic books that GE produced between 1946 and 1959. The presentation will discuss how the physical artifacts and historical documents have been integrated with GE's comics and other

  20. The Future of Crowd Work Aniket Kittur1

    E-print Network

    Pratt, Vaughan

    ? This paper frames the major challenges that stand in the way of this goal. Drawing on theory from.g. Innocentive). Incentives and work structures also vary tremendously, ranging from crowdsourcing contests, enforceable contracts, and power than with traditional workplaces [130]. Such concerns may grow ever sharper

  1. Putting the Brain to Work: Neuroergonomics Past, Present, and Future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raja Parasuraman; Glenn F. Wilson

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors describe research and applications in prominent areas of neuroergonomics. Background: Because human factors\\/ergonomics examines behavior and mind at work, it should include the study of brain mechanisms underlying human performance. Methods: Neuroergonomic studies are reviewed in four areas: workload and vigilance, adaptive automation, neuroengineering, and molecular genetics and individual differences. Results: Neuroimaging studies have helped identify the

  2. Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions

    PubMed Central

    Herr, Hugh

    2009-01-01

    For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated with exoskeletal and orthotic design that have yet to be perfected, the advances in the field have been truly impressive. In this commentary, I first classify exoskeletons and orthoses into devices that act in series and in parallel to a human limb, providing a few examples within each category. This classification is then followed by a discussion of major design challenges and future research directions critical to the field of exoskeletons and orthoses. PMID:19538735

  3. Design Quality Indicators: work in progress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Whyte; David Gann

    2003-01-01

    The Design Quality Indicator (DQI) is an assessment tool for evaluating the design quality of buildings. It is being piloted across the UK construction sector through the DQI Trailblazing Scheme. By February 2003, actual uses represented about £900 million of construction output on projects ranging from £900 000 to £450 million. The aim is for 20% of all UK construction

  4. Earthquake Forecasting Using Neural Networks: Results and Future Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Ivo Alves

    2006-01-01

    In 1994, a new earthquake forecasting method was developed, that integrated in a neural network several forecasting tools\\u000a that had been originally developed for financial analysis. This method was tested with the seismicity of the Azores, predicting\\u000a the July, 1998, and the January, 2004, earthquakes, albeit within very wide time and location windows. Work is beginning to\\u000a integrate physical precursors

  5. Engineering a Cause and Cure to Climate Change; Working a culture change with our Future Engineers.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hudier, E. J. J.

    2014-12-01

    Where scientist unravel the laws of nature giving the human race the means to remodel their environment, engineers are the tools that put together the very technologies that give humans this power. Early on, along our first steps through this industrialization era, development was the key word, nature could digest our waste products no matter what. We have managed to tamper with our atmosphere's gas composition and the climate is slowly remodelling our way of life. Engineers are now expected to be a key part of the solution. Engineering programs have evolved to include new dimensions such as ethics, communication and environment. We want future engineers to put these dimensions first while working on new machine designs, concepts and procedures. As undergraduate students with a deep science background we also want them to be a source of information for their co-workers and more. How well are we getting through? How good teachers our future engineers will be? This work take a look at the teaching/learning successes comparing engineering students with students attending an undergraduate program in biology. Methods emphasizing the acquisition of knowledge through lectures and reading assignments are tested along with activities aiming at unraveling the scientific fundamental behind environmental issues and putting forward original solutions to specific problematic. Concept knowledge scores, communications' quality and activities evaluations by students are discussed.

  6. Biomedical imaging ontologies: A survey and proposal for future work

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Barry; Arabandi, Sivaram; Brochhausen, Mathias; Calhoun, Michael; Ciccarese, Paolo; Doyle, Scott; Gibaud, Bernard; Goldberg, Ilya; Kahn, Charles E.; Overton, James; Tomaszewski, John; Gurcan, Metin

    2015-01-01

    Background: Ontology is one strategy for promoting interoperability of heterogeneous data through consistent tagging. An ontology is a controlled structured vocabulary consisting of general terms (such as “cell” or “image” or “tissue” or “microscope”) that form the basis for such tagging. These terms are designed to represent the types of entities in the domain of reality that the ontology has been devised to capture; the terms are provided with logical definitions thereby also supporting reasoning over the tagged data. Aim: This paper provides a survey of the biomedical imaging ontologies that have been developed thus far. It outlines the challenges, particularly faced by ontologies in the fields of histopathological imaging and image analysis, and suggests a strategy for addressing these challenges in the example domain of quantitative histopathology imaging. Results and Conclusions: The ultimate goal is to support the multiscale understanding of disease that comes from using interoperable ontologies to integrate imaging data with clinical and genomics data.

  7. Intranet Development and Design that Works

    SciTech Connect

    BACA,BOBBY G.; CASSIDY,ANDREA L.

    1999-09-09

    Making information available and easy to find is the objective of designing a good web site. A company's Intranet typically provides a great deal of information to its employees in an effort to help them better perform their jobs. If the information is available but is difficult to locate, the usefulness of this information is diminished. Sandia National Laboratories performed a redesign of its home page and has obtained a successful design which enables its employees to locate information quickly and efficiently. Three phases of usability testing were conducted to develop and optimize the home page. This paper will discuss the redesign of the Intranet home page and describe how usability studies were used to help ensure a usable design.

  8. Interconnect IP Node for Future System-on-Chip Designs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ilkka Saastamoinen; David A. Sigüenza-tortosa; Jari Nurmi

    2002-01-01

    An interconnect IP (intellectual Property) node architecture for flexible on-chip communication is introduced. This architecture is targeted for communication in future gigatransistor SoC (System-on-Chip) designs. The interconnect IP will be used as a testing platform when the efficiency of network topologies and routing schemes are investigated for the on-chip environment. The interconnect node uses packet based communication and forms a

  9. Macroergonomics: Work System Analysis and Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian M. Kleiner

    2008-01-01

    Objective: Our goal was to briefly describe how macroergonomics was developed to fill a void in human factors and ergonomics. Background: A study commissioned by the Human Factors Society in 1978 resulted in the formalization of a new subdiscipline of human factors, called organizational design and management, which eventually was coined macroergonomics.Method: Differentiators of macroergonomics are presented along with methods

  10. Supporting social awareness @ work design and experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Konrad Tollmar; Ovidiu Sandor; Anna Schömer

    1996-01-01

    During the last year we have been designing and studying a computer based tool intended to strengthen social group awareness within a research laboratory. While awareness has been a subject of previous research it is still unclear how it should be conceptualized and how it can be provided for a CSCW system. In order to investigate this, and hence to

  11. Ecological Automation Design, Extending Work Domain Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. H. J. Amelink

    2010-01-01

    In high–risk domains like aviation, medicine and nuclear power plant control, automation has enabled new capabilities, increased the economy of operation and has greatly contributed to safety. However, automation increases the number of couplings in a system, which can inadvertently lead to more complexity from the perspective of the operator. The automation of a system transforms the work domain of

  12. 30 CFR 71.208 - Bimonthly sampling; designated work positions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...false Bimonthly sampling; designated work positions. 71.208 Section 71.208 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...STANDARDS-SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES...

  13. 30 CFR 71.208 - Bimonthly sampling; designated work positions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...false Bimonthly sampling; designated work positions. 71.208 Section 71.208 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...STANDARDS-SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES...

  14. Yale ICF Working Paper No. 07-08 The Fundamentals of Commodity Futures Returns*

    E-print Network

    Haller, Gary L.

    Conference on Alternative Investments, the Q-Group, AQR, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Yale ICF Working Paper No. 07-08 The Fundamentals of Commodity Futures Returns* Gary B. Gorton. The excess returns to Spot and Futures Momentum and Backwardation strategies stem in part from the selection

  15. Engineering the Future: Science, Technology, and Design Process

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Engineering the Future: Science, Technology, and the Design Process is a full-year course designed to introduce students to the world of technology and engineering, as a first step in becoming technologically literate citizens. Additionally, the course will help beginning high school students answer the question: "Why should I study math, science and engineering if I don't plan on a technical career?" Through this course's practical real-world connections, students have an opportunity to see how science, mathematics, and engineering are part of their every day world, and why it is important for every citizen to be technologically and scientifically literate. Engineering the Future maps directly to the Standards for Technological Literacy (ITEA 2000), Benchmarks for Science Literacy (AAAS 1993) and National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996), as well as many state science frameworks. In brief, the course is intended to help today's high school students understand the ways in which they will engineer the world of the future whether or not they choose to pursue technical careers.

  16. A pragmatic strategy for creative requirements elicitation: From current work practice to future work practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fan Yang-Turner; Lydia Lau

    2011-01-01

    Requirements elicitation is challenging in research oriented projects which usually focus on innovations in terms of providing boundary-pushing solutions that potentially change current work practice for the users in the domain of interest. Hence, requirements engineers need to find a way to bring together the diverse expectation and interests within the context of fast moving technologies and conservative work practice.

  17. A Comparison of Candidate Seal Designs for Future Docking Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunlap, Patrick, H., Jr.; Steinetz, Bruce, M.

    2012-01-01

    NASA is developing a new docking system to support future space exploration missions to low Earth orbit, the Moon, and other destinations. A key component of this system is the seal at the main docking interface which inhibits the loss of cabin air once docking is complete. Depending on the mission, the seal must be able to dock in either a seal-on-flange or seal-on-seal configuration. Seal-on-flange mating would occur when a docking system equipped with a seal docks to a system with a flat metal flange. This would occur when a vehicle docks to a node on the International Space Station. Seal-on-seal mating would occur when two docking systems equipped with seals dock to each other. Two types of seal designs were identified for this application: Gask-O-seals and multi-piece seals. Both types of seals had a pair of seal bulbs to satisfy the redundancy requirement. A series of performance assessments and comparisons were made between the candidate seal designs indicating that they meet the requirements for leak rate and compression and adhesion loads under a range of operating conditions. Other design factors such as part count, integration into the docking system tunnel, seal-on-seal mating, and cost were also considered leading to the selection of the multi-piece seal design for the new docking system. The results of this study can be used by designers of future docking systems and other habitable volumes to select the seal design best-suited for their particular application.

  18. Work system design for patient safety: the SEIPS model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P Carayon; A Schoofs Hundt; B-T Karsh; A P Gurses; C J Alvarado; M Smith; P Flatley Brennan

    2006-01-01

    Models and methods of work system design need to be developed and implemented to advance research in and design for patient safety. In this paper we describe how the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model of work system and patient safety, which provides a framework for understanding the structures, processes and outcomes in health care and their relationships,

  19. Administrative Excellence Shaping Our Future Phase II Work Team Project Charter

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    UW-Madison Administrative Excellence ­ Shaping Our Future Phase II Work Team Project Charter Data of Administrative Excellence. This will include incorporating salient portions of the work completed within;requests made by this team · The established Administrative Excellence issue resolution processes

  20. NASA super-pressure balloons - designing to meet the future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cathey, Henry M., Jr.

    2001-08-01

    The NASA Ultra Long Duration Balloon project presents a new challenge in balloon design by extending flight duration for large heavy payloads. The pumpkin balloon design is innovative and presents many new challenges. This paper encapsulates the NASA Ultra Long Duration Balloon Vehicle developments, presents them to the Science Community, and shows points of interaction with the users. The capabilities and limitations are presented to allow potential users to make informed choices in the development of balloon class payloads. Brief summaries of test flights and the cause and effect relationship between suspended load and float altitude are presented. A focus on innovation and the future using the Ultra Long Duration Balloon super-pressure balloon technology is also presented.

  1. Designing future products: what difficulties do designers encounter and how can their creative process be supported?

    PubMed

    Bonnardel, Nathalie

    2012-01-01

    To remain competitive, companies must regularly offer new products to consumers. A major challenge for designers is therefore to come up with design solutions and define products that are both new and adapted to future users and usages. Although classic methods and ergonomic recommendations are useful in most run-of-the-mill design contexts, they are of limited benefit when the design situation requires greater creativity. This paper therefore addresses issues related to product design by pursuing a triple objective: (1) highlight the difficulties encountered by designers in imagining and conceiving new products, (2) find out which conditions could help designers come up with creative ideas for innovative products, and (3) suggest methods and tools to support designers' creative process and help them take other stakeholders' needs and expectations into consideration. PMID:22317539

  2. Computational design of ICCP systems: Lessons learned and future directions

    SciTech Connect

    DeGiorgi, V.G.; Lucas, K.E.

    1999-07-01

    Computational modeling using boundary element techniques has been proposed for design and evaluation of shipboard impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems. LaPlace's equation, the governing differential equation for electrochemical corrosion, is well suited for solution by the boundary element method. There has been much work performed in this field during the past two decades. Computational modeling efforts designed to validate boundary element procedures are reviewed. US Navy ship systems discussed are CG-59, CG-66, and CVN-068. Computational analysis accuracy is determined by comparison with physical scale modeling experimental results. Lessons learned from the analysis described are summarized. Advantages and disadvantages of boundary element modeling are discussed.

  3. The Future U.S. Energy Infrastructure - And Who Will Do the Work?

    SciTech Connect

    Hylko, J.M. [Paducah Remediation Services, LLC, Kevil, KY (United States)

    2008-07-01

    This paper identifies the current state and future implications of power generating capacity in the U.S. It also discusses workforce planning and hiring options to support the anticipated staffing needs that will be required to construct and eventually operate these new plants. The Energy Information Administration forecasts that electricity consumption will increase approximately 40% by 2030. Therefore, new power plants, equivalent to 730 new base-load 400-megawatt power plants, will be required to ensure adequate electricity supplies for the future. Of the 104 operating nuclear plants in the U.S., a majority of them have already been operating approximately 20 to 30 years, and even longer. Over the next 50 years, many of these plants, both nuclear and non-nuclear, will have reached their maximum design basis operating lifetimes. Relatively young plants achieving 20 years of operation today will be completing a 40-year run by the year 2028 and a 70-year run, if allowed to do so, by the year 2058. Furthermore, as the oldest 'baby-boomers' begin retiring over the next several years, the lack of an experienced workforce may indirectly affect the needed workforce required to support the U.S. energy infrastructure from new construction through the safe operation of existing and next-generation nuclear plants. With the prospects of companies needing to hire 'passive' candidates, (i.e., experienced '40-something' workers who are not necessarily looking for a job, but are willing to discuss a career move if it offers a significant upside opportunity) to fill employment vacancies, there are 10 factors to consider when evaluating potential opportunities: 1) the job fit; 2) the job stretch; 3) opportunity for future learning and growth; 4) the chance to make an impact; 5) the hiring manager as mentor; 6) the quality of the team; 7) the company's prospects and strategy; 8) the company culture; 9) work/life balance; and 10) compensation and benefits. If the company is clearly not superior on the first nine factors, the candidate will likely reject the offer. Furthermore, if history serves as a guide to the future, failing to follow through with a cohesive, well-defined energy strategy offered by new plant construction will likely produce the same results following the indefinite deferral to reprocess commercial spent nuclear fuel. Since the deferral in 1977, billions of dollars have been spent, while producing few, if any, substantial results. The significance of maintaining the U.S. energy infrastructure and hiring a combination of both newly-graduated and experienced employees to perform the work must be recognized and acknowledged today to ensure that we have adequate, affordable, and reliable electricity for the future. If these programs fail, expect these scenarios to be repeated again over the next 30 years, instead of achieving energy independence - a truly substantial result. (authors)

  4. Contradictions in Portfolio Careers: Work Design and Client Relations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenwick, Tara J.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to explore "Portfolio work", an emerging form of flexible self-employment, which has been identified as significant but under-researched. This paper also seeks to explore the challenges and benefits of portfolio work from the perspective of individuals' experiences. Design/methodology/approach: The argument draws from a…

  5. Lunar base habitat designs: Characterizing the environment, and selecting habitat designs for future trade-offs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ganapathi, Gani B.; Ferrall, Joseph; Seshan, P. K.

    1993-01-01

    A survey of distinct conceptual lunar habitat designs covering the pre- and post-Apollo era is presented. The impact of the significant lunar environmental challenges such as temperature, atmosphere, radiation, soil properties, meteorites, and seismic activity on the habitat design parameters are outlined. Over twenty habitat designs were identified and classified according to mission type, crew size; total duration of stay, modularity, environmental protection measures, and emplacement. Simple selection criteria of (1) post-Apollo design, (2) uniqueness of the habitat design, (3) level of thoroughness in design layout, (4) habitat dimensions are provided, and (5) materials of construction for the habitat shell are specified, are used to select five habitats for future trade studies. Habitat emplacement scenarios are created to examine the possible impact of emplacement of the habitat in different locations, such as lunar poles vs. equatorial, above ground vs. below ground, etc.

  6. Contradictions in portfolio careers: work design and client relations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tara J. Fenwick

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The paper aims to explore “Portfolio work”, an emerging form of flexible self-employment, which has been identified as significant but under-researched. This paper also seeks to explore the challenges and benefits of portfolio work from the perspective of individuals' experiences. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The argument draws from a qualitative study involving 31 individuals practising portfolio work in two different

  7. Head posture measurements among work vehicle drivers and implications for work and workplace design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JÖRGEN EKLUND; PER ODENRICK; STEFAN ZETTERGEN; HANS JOHANSSON

    1994-01-01

    An increased risk of musculoskeletal disorders, e.g. from the neck region, has been found among professional drivers of work vehicles. The purpose of this study was to identify causes of postural load and implications for vehicle design and work tasks. A second purpose was to develop the methods for measurement and analysis of head postures. Field measurements of head postures

  8. Monuments of the Future: Designs by El Lissitzky

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Getty Research Institute presents this Website on the work of El Lissitzky, 1890-1941, using materials from their extensive archival collections. The site includes over 175 images, a chronology of El Lissitzky's life, and links to related resources at the Getty and other institutions. For those with fast connections, there is an animated introduction. The Website preserves thematic sections from the exhibition of the same name displayed at the Getty, November 1998-February 1999, which connect El Lissitzky's theories to his artistic work. These sections display on the right side of the screen, while exhibition content shows on the left, resulting in awkward scrolling to see everything. The section Printing Trades and Pressa Exhibitions includes an accordion-folded photomontage, designed for the Soviet Pavilion at a printing trades show in 1928, fortunately cleverly programmed to scroll automatically, making viewing much easier. Another nice feature of the site is the availability of .pdf format text, chronology, and checklist for printing.

  9. Future Work Traditionally, classical array signal processing has dealt with two major aspects of spa-

    E-print Network

    Tsakalides, Panagiotis

    Chapter 7 Future Work Traditionally, classical array signal processing has dealt with two major aspects of spa- tial processing, namely localization of a signal of interest or of an interfering signal processing is dependent upon consideration of the interrelations of the di erent components of a signal

  10. Introduction Oce Case Study Uppaal Tiga Model Results Conclusions & Future Work Adaptive Scheduling of Data Paths

    E-print Network

    Vaandrager, Frits

    Scheduling of Data Paths using Uppaal Tiga Israa AlAttili Fred Houben Georgeta Igna Steffen Michels Feng Zhu Frits Vaandrager Radboud University Nijmegen November 3, 2009 AlAttili, Houben, Igna, Michels, Zhu Model 5 Results 6 Conclusions & Future Work AlAttili, Houben, Igna, Michels, Zhu, Vaandrager Adaptive

  11. Design Elements and Consumer Characteristics Relating to Design Preferences of Working Females

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seulhee Yoo

    2003-01-01

    My study was designed to investigate the effect of design elements and consumers’ personal, psycho-social, job-related, and physical characteristics on business jacket design preferences of working females. A self-administered questionnaire including visual stimuli was mailed to 1,500 randomly drawn working females across the U.S. The sample consisted of 265 respondents who wore business jackets to work at least once a

  12. Design Study of Wafer Seals for Future Hypersonic Vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunlap, Patrick H.; Finkbeiner, Joshua R.; Steinetz, Bruce M.; DeMange, Jeffrey J.

    2005-01-01

    Future hypersonic vehicles require high temperature, dynamic seals in advanced hypersonic engines and on the vehicle airframe to seal the perimeters of movable panels, flaps, and doors. Current seals do not meet the demanding requirements of these applications, so NASA Glenn Research Center is developing improved designs to overcome these shortfalls. An advanced ceramic wafer seal design has shown promise in meeting these needs. Results from a design of experiments study performed on this seal revealed that several installation variables played a role in determining the amount of leakage past the seals. Lower leakage rates were achieved by using a tighter groove width around the seals, a higher seal preload, a tighter wafer height tolerance, and a looser groove length. During flow testing, a seal activating pressure acting behind the wafers combined with simulated vibrations to seat the seals more effectively against the sealing surface and produce lower leakage rates. A seal geometry study revealed comparable leakage for full-scale wafers with 0.125 and 0.25 in. thicknesses. For applications in which lower part counts are desired, fewer 0.25-in.-thick wafers may be able to be used in place of 0.125-in.-thick wafers while achieving similar performance. Tests performed on wafers with a rounded edge (0.5 in. radius) in contact with the sealing surface resulted in flow rates twice as high as those for wafers with a flat edge. Half-size wafers had leakage rates approximately three times higher than those for full-size wafers.

  13. Improving the performances of current optical interferometers & future designs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arnold, L.; Le Coroller, H.; Surdej, J.

    2014-04-01

    The number of astrophysical studies making use of interferometers has steadily increased during the past 15 years. Nevertheless, the performances of interferometers are still limited: their sensitivity does not exceed magnitude V=12, and their imaging capability could yet be improved by increasing the number of telescopes/sub-apertures. In the context of the ELTs, it is not certain how future interferometry projects will be financed. However, interferometry remains the only way to observe compact astrophysical objects at very high angular resolution (< milli-arcsecond), like gravitational micro-lensing events, central engines of AGNs, proto-planetary disks, exoplanets, etc. The aim of this workshop was to review and discuss the development of technologies that could improve the performances of current and future interferometers: new optical designs; techniques to improve the accuracy of measurements (visibility, closure-phase, etc.); progress on delay-line performances; solutions without delay-lines; technologies for larger apertures at lower cost (ex: lightweight replica mirrors); optimized beam combiners (integrated optic, pupil densifier, etc.); fringe tracking systems; laser telemetry applied to interferometry; heterodyne interferometry; progress in heterodyne detection using new technologies (laser comb, time propagation technologies, etc.); progress in image reconstruction techniques; progress in nulling interferometry; and important science cases that could benefit from progress in interferometry (report of observations at the limit of current interferometers). Nearly 50 oral presentations have been delivered, followed by very lively discussions which eventually emerged with the proposition to organize the "Planet Formation Interferometer/Imager" (PFI) project. The present proceedings reflect most of the highlights of this international colloquium.

  14. Designing a ticket to ride with the Cognitive Work Analysis Design Toolkit.

    PubMed

    Read, Gemma J M; Salmon, Paul M; Lenné, Michael G; Jenkins, Daniel P

    2015-08-01

    Cognitive work analysis has been applied in the design of numerous sociotechnical systems. The process used to translate analysis outputs into design concepts, however, is not always clear. Moreover, structured processes for translating the outputs of ergonomics methods into concrete designs are lacking. This paper introduces the Cognitive Work Analysis Design Toolkit (CWA-DT), a design approach which has been developed specifically to provide a structured means of incorporating cognitive work analysis outputs in design using design principles and values derived from sociotechnical systems theory. This paper outlines the CWA-DT and describes its application in a public transport ticketing design case study. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the process provide promising early evidence that the toolkit fulfils the evaluation criteria identified for its success, with opportunities for improvement also highlighted. PMID:25805238

  15. Quantifying Astronaut Tasks: Robotic Technology and Future Space Suit Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Newman, Dava

    2003-01-01

    The primary aim of this research effort was to advance the current understanding of astronauts' capabilities and limitations in space-suited EVA by developing models of the constitutive and compatibility relations of a space suit, based on experimental data gained from human test subjects as well as a 12 degree-of-freedom human-sized robot, and utilizing these fundamental relations to estimate a human factors performance metric for space suited EVA work. The three specific objectives are to: 1) Compile a detailed database of torques required to bend the joints of a space suit, using realistic, multi- joint human motions. 2) Develop a mathematical model of the constitutive relations between space suit joint torques and joint angular positions, based on experimental data and compare other investigators' physics-based models to experimental data. 3) Estimate the work envelope of a space suited astronaut, using the constitutive and compatibility relations of the space suit. The body of work that makes up this report includes experimentation, empirical and physics-based modeling, and model applications. A detailed space suit joint torque-angle database was compiled with a novel experimental approach that used space-suited human test subjects to generate realistic, multi-joint motions and an instrumented robot to measure the torques required to accomplish these motions in a space suit. Based on the experimental data, a mathematical model is developed to predict joint torque from the joint angle history. Two physics-based models of pressurized fabric cylinder bending are compared to experimental data, yielding design insights. The mathematical model is applied to EVA operations in an inverse kinematic analysis coupled to the space suit model to calculate the volume in which space-suited astronauts can work with their hands, demonstrating that operational human factors metrics can be predicted from fundamental space suit information.

  16. Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer

    E-print Network

    Charette, André

    1 Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process Table.................................................................................................................... 9 Overview of the Architecture ...........................................................................................................15 Overview of the Architecture

  17. RELATIONS BETWEEN WORK GROUP CHARACTERISTICS AND EFFECTIVENESS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DESIGNING EFFECTIVE WORK GROUPS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MICHAEL A. CAMPION; GINA J. MEDSKER; A. CATHERINE HIGGS

    1993-01-01

    productivity, employee satisfaction, and manager judgments. Data were collected from 391 employees, 70 managers, and archival records for 80 work groups in a financial organization. Results showed that all three effectiveness criteria were predicted by the characteristics, and nearly all characteristics predicted some of the effectiveness criteria. The job design and process themes were slightly more predictive than the interdependence,

  18. Working stress design method for reinforced soil walls

    SciTech Connect

    Ehrlich, M. (Federal Univ. of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)); Mitchell, J.K. (Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States))

    1994-04-01

    A method for the internal design of reinforced soil walls based on working stresses is developed and evaluated using measurements from five full-scale structures containing a range of reinforcement types. It is shown that, in general, the stiffer the reinforcement system and the higher the stresses induced during compaction, the higher are the tensile stresses that must be resisted by the reinforcements. Unique features of this method, compared to currently used reinforced soil wall design methods, are that it can be applied to all types of reinforcement systems, reinforcement and soil stiffness properties are considered, and backfill compaction stresses are taken explicitly into account. The method can be applied either analytically or using design charts. A design example is included.

  19. Report of the Proceedings of the Conference on the Future World of Work (St. Louis, Missouri, October 12, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Pamela F., Ed.; Coady, William T., Ed.

    A team of consultants met with personnel from the Vocational Ethics Infusion Project to discuss vocational ethics from the perspectives of the current and future world of work. This activity was undertaken with the goal of defining the domain of vocational ethics. Issues in the first session included whether the future world of work presents an…

  20. Spatial Patterns and Design Policies for Future American Cities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutt, Ashok K.; Costa, Frank J.

    1977-01-01

    Describes plans for future urban development which take into account energy needs, mass transportation, technological innovations, high density settlement along the rapid transit spine, and rational decision making. (Author/DB)

  1. Designing a Deployable Future Internet: the Locator/Identifier Separation Protocol (LISP) case

    E-print Network

    Bonaventure, Olivier

    1 Designing a Deployable Future Internet: the Locator/Identifier Separation Protocol (LISP) case designing and developing the Locator/ID Separation Protocol (LISP). However, changing the routing such a design. We use LISP as reference to describe the different design choices necessary to achieve

  2. Building for the future The Green Building and Sustainable Design Certificate Program addresses

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Building for the future The Green Building and Sustainable Design Certificate Program addresses for implementation of green building and sustainable design into site planning and design, building design and construction, and building management practices. Started as a joint program between two of UC Davis Extension

  3. Viking dynamics experience with application to future payload design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barrett, S.; Rader, W. P.; Payne, K. R.

    1978-01-01

    Analytical and test techniques are discussed. Areas in which hindsight indicated erroneous, redundant, or unnecessarily severe design and test specifications are identified. Recommendations are made for improvements in the dynamic design and criteria philosophy, aimed at reducing costs for payloads.

  4. The rise and fall of job analysis and the future of work analysis.

    PubMed

    Sanchez, Juan I; Levine, Edward L

    2012-01-01

    This review begins by contrasting the importance ascribed to the study of occupational requirements observed in the early twentieth-century beginnings of industrial-organizational psychology with the diminishing numbers of job analysis articles appearing in top journals in recent times. To highlight the many pending questions associated with the job-analytic needs of today's organizations that demand further inquiry, research on the three primary types of job analysis data, namely work activities, worker attributes, and work context, is reviewed. Research on competencies is also reviewed along with the goals of a potential research agenda for the emerging trend of competency modeling. The cross-fertilization of job analysis research with research from other domains such as the meaning of work, job design, job crafting, strategic change, and interactional psychology is proposed as a means of responding to the demands of today's organizations through new forms of work analysis. PMID:21961945

  5. Design options for improving protective gloves for industrial assembly work.

    PubMed

    Dianat, Iman; Haslegrave, Christine M; Stedmon, Alex W

    2014-07-01

    The study investigated the effects of wearing two new designs of cotton glove on several hand performance capabilities and compared them against the effects of barehanded, single-layered and double cotton glove conditions when working with hand tools (screwdriver and pliers). The new glove designs were based on the findings of subjective hand discomfort assessments for this type of work and aimed to match the glove thickness to the localised pressure and sensitivity in different areas of the hand as well as to provide adequate dexterity for fine manipulative tasks. The results showed that the first prototype glove and the barehanded condition were comparable and provided better dexterity and higher handgrip strength than double thickness gloves. The results support the hypothesis that selective thickness in different areas of the hand could be applied by glove manufacturers to improve the glove design, so that it can protect the hands from the environment and at the same time allow optimal hand performance capabilities. PMID:24636726

  6. Natural Design and the Future of Comparative Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. S. Thompson

    1987-01-01

    Comparative psychology has an uncertain future. As an explanatory enterprise it is doomed because mental entities are not the sort of things that can in principle explain other things. As a descriptive enterprise, it may serve to identify and define the properties of behavior in animals that stimulate us to apply mental predicates to that behavior. Such a project is

  7. Including the Effects of Future Tests in Aircraft Structural Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdem Acar; Raphael T. Haftka; Nam-Ho Kim; Deepti Buchi

    1. Abstract In this paper, we investigate the effects of future tests on aircraft structural safety, focusing on the numbers of coupon tests and structural element tests. The mean failure stress is assumed to be predicted by a failure criterion (e.g. Tsai-Wu), and the initial distribution of this mean failure stress reflects the uncertainty in the analysis procedure that uses

  8. A High Field Magnet Design for A Future Hadron Collider

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, R.; Chow, K.; Dietderich, D.; Gourlay, S.; Millos, G.; McInturff, A.; Scanlan, R.

    1998-09-01

    US high energy physics community is exploring the possibilities of building a Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) after the completion of LHC. This paper presents a high field magnet design option based on Nb{sub 3}Sn technology. A preliminary magnetic and mechanical design of a 14-16 T, 2-in-1 dipole based on the 'common coil design' approach is presented. The computer code ROXIE has been upgraded to perform the field quality optimization of magnets based on the racetrack coil geometry. A magnet R&D program to investigate the issues related to high field magnet designs is also outlined.

  9. Designing the STS-134 Re-Rendezvous: A Preparation for Future Crewed Rendezvous Missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stuit, Timothy D.

    2011-01-01

    In preparation to provide the capability for the Orion spacecraft, also known as the Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV), to rendezvous with the International Space Station (ISS) and future spacecraft, a new suite of relative navigation sensors are in development and were tested on one of the final Space Shuttle missions to ISS. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) commissioned a flight test of prototypes of the Orion relative navigation sensors on STS-134, in order to test their performance in the space environment during the nominal rendezvous and docking, as well as a re-rendezvous dedicated to testing the prototype sensors following the undocking of the Space Shuttle orbiter at the end of the mission. Unlike the rendezvous and docking at the beginning of the mission, the re-rendezvous profile replicates the newly designed Orion coelliptic approach trajectory, something never before attempted with the shuttle orbiter. Therefore, there were a number of new parameters that needed to be conceived of, designed, and tested for this rerendezvous to make the flight test successful. Additionally, all of this work had to be integrated with the normal operations of the ISS and shuttle and had to conform to the constraints of the mission and vehicles. The result of this work is a separation and rerendezvous trajectory design that would not only prove the design of the relative navigation sensors for the Orion vehicle, but also would serve as a proof of concept for the Orion rendezvous trajectory itself. This document presents the analysis and decision making process involved in attaining the final STS-134 re-rendezvous design.

  10. School Libraries: A Design Recipe for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myerberg, Henry

    2002-01-01

    Discusses design elements of a 21st century school library, including space, books and shelving, seats, tables, technology (computers, scanners, projectors), building materials (wood, metal, plastic, paint, glass, fibers), and light and color. A sidebar describes the L!BRARY initiative to creatively design, professionally staff, and…

  11. Rethinking the role of the designer in future ICT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cristiano Storni

    The aim of this paper is to discuss a trend that is characterizing the way innovation occurs in ICT. I will discuss a shift that complicates the traditional separation between user and designer and makes it less meaningful in favor of a notion of a more proactive user. I will argue that designers - consequently - might want to redefine

  12. An advanced system design for future global mobile satellite communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hideo Okinaka; Yasuo Hirata

    1986-01-01

    This paper presents a system concept applicable to the future global mobile satellite communications system. The main features of the proposed system are a demand-assigned beam-hopping TDMA operation in the satellite-to-mobile direction and a demand-assigned SCPC operation in the mobile-to-satellite direction. A beam-hopping repeater configuration which does not require a dynamic switch between transmitters and a multiple spot beam antenna

  13. Passport for the Future: Why We Need to Re-Design the Planet

    E-print Network

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Passport for the Future: Why We Need to Re-Design the Planet Friday, October 26, 2012 12:00 - 1 Saloff-Coste President Design Me a Planet Saloff-Coste is recognized in Europe, America, and Asia" to the "Information Society." Saloff-Coste's international NGO, "Design Me a Planet," creates global scenarios

  14. Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions

    E-print Network

    Herr, Hugh M.

    For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated ...

  15. Working with Policy and Regulatory Factors to Implement Universal Design in the Built Environment: The Australian Experience.

    PubMed

    Larkin, Helen; Hitch, Danielle; Watchorn, Valerie; Ang, Susan

    2015-07-01

    Built environments that are usable by all provide opportunities for engagement in meaningful occupations. However, enabling them in day to day design processes and practice is problematic for relevant professions. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to gain greater understanding of the policy and regulatory influences that promote or hinder the uptake of universal design in built environments, to inform better future design. Focus groups or telephone interviews were undertaken with 28 key building industry and disability stakeholders in Australia. Four themes were identified: the difficulties of definition; the push or pull of regulations and policy; the role of formal standards; and, shifting the focus of design thinking. The findings highlight the complexity of working within policy and regulatory contexts when implementing universal design. Occupational therapists working with colleagues from other professions must be aware of these influences, and develop the skills to work with them for successful practice. PMID:26184278

  16. Designing the Future of Banking: Lessons Learned from the Trenches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick T. Harker; Larry W. Hunter

    1998-01-01

    This case study in retail banking reviews the work of a Wharton School research team which has been tracking the process of change at one of the larger American commercial banks. The bank is referred to by the pseudonym \\

  17. 30 CFR 19.13 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.13 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

  18. 30 CFR 19.13 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.13 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

  19. 30 CFR 20.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MINE LAMPS OTHER THAN STANDARD CAP LAMPS § 20.14 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

  20. 30 CFR 20.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MINE LAMPS OTHER THAN STANDARD CAP LAMPS § 20.14 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

  1. OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS The OECD Trade Policy Working Paper series is designed to make available to a wide

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    #12;OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS The OECD Trade Policy Working Paper series is designed to make been declassified on the responsibility of the Working Party of the Trade Committee under the OECD.contact@oecd.org. OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS are published on www.oecd.org/trade © OECD 2011 Applications

  2. Model evaluation, recommendation and prioritizing of future work for the manipulator emulator testbed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kelly, Frederick A.

    1989-01-01

    The Manipulator Emulator Testbed (MET) is to provide a facility capable of hosting the simulation of various manipulator configurations to support concept studies, evaluation, and other engineering development activities. Specifically, the testbed is intended to support development of the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) and related systems. The objective of this study is to evaluate the math models developed for the MET simulation of a manipulator's rigid body dynamics and the servo systems for each of the driven manipulator joints. Specifically, the math models are examined with regard to their amenability to pipeline and parallel processing. Based on this evaluation and the project objectives, a set of prioritized recommendations are offered for future work.

  3. Future In-Space Operations (FISO): A Working Group and Community Engagement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thronson, Harley; Lester, Dan

    2013-01-01

    Long-duration human capabilities beyond low Earth orbit (LEO), either in support of or as an alternative to lunar surface operations, have been assessed at least since the late 1960s. Over the next few months, we will present short histories of concepts for long-duration, free-space human habitation beyond LEO from the end of the Apollo program to the Decadal Planning Team (DPT)/NASA Exploration Team (NExT), which was active in 1999 2000 (see Forging a vision: NASA s Decadal Planning Team and the origins of the Vision for Space Exploration , The Space Review, December 19, 2005). Here we summarize the brief existence of the Future In-Space Operations (FISO) working group in 2005 2006 and its successor, a telecon-based colloquium series, which we co-moderate.

  4. Background to sitting at work: research-based requirements for the design of work seats.

    PubMed

    Corlett, E N

    2006-11-15

    The body's responses to sitting are complex and involve the anatomy and physiology of the sitter as well as the structure of the seat, the desk and the environment. In the light of recent research, the major reactions of the spine, the muscles and the spinal discs are discussed. Their interactions when adopting sitting postures are described. Reasons are given why certain sitting postures are to be preferred. The mechanisms that may give rise to muscle and disc damage, as well as back pain, as a result of adverse sitting postures are outlined. The design consequences of the research are then presented, showing how the seat shape arises from the previously described data. The influence of backrest design on sitting comfort and in the reduction of loading on the body is shown. Finally, a brief discussion of the influences from the work surface illustrates how the combination of seat and workplace can reduce the risks of injury by mitigating body loadings over the working day. PMID:17050393

  5. 'Create the future': an environment for excellence in teaching future-oriented Industrial Design Engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. O. Eger; D. Lutters; Houten van F. J. A. M

    2004-01-01

    In 2001, the University of Twente started a new course on Industrial Design Engineering. This paper describes the insights that have been employed in developing the curriculum, and in developing the environment in which the educational activities are facilitated. The University of Twente has a broad experience with project-oriented education [1], and because one of the goals of the curriculum

  6. Building Futures: The Head Start Impact Study. Research Design Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puma, Michael; Bell, Stephen; Shapiro, Gary; Broene, Pam; Cook, Ronna; Friedman, Janet; Heid, Camilla

    Along with the rapid expansion over the past decade of Head Start, a program providing comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children, their families, and their communities, has come the demand for rigorous research to demonstrate program effectiveness. This report describes the proposed design of a national study of the…

  7. Powering the Future: A Wind Turbine Design Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pries, Caitlin Hicks; Hughes, Julie

    2011-01-01

    Nothing brings out the best in eighth-grade physical science students quite like an engineering challenge. The wind turbine design challenge described in this article has proved to be a favorite among students with its focus on teamwork and creativity and its (almost) sneaky reinforcement of numerous physics concepts. For this activity, pairs of…

  8. Designing a Methodology for Future Air Travel Scenarios

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wuebbles, Donald J.; Baughcum, Steven L.; Gerstle, John H.; Edmonds, Jae; Kinnison, Douglas E.; Krull, Nick; Metwally, Munir; Mortlock, Alan; Prather, Michael J.

    1992-01-01

    The growing demand on air travel throughout the world has prompted several proposals for the development of commercial aircraft capable of transporting a large number of passengers at supersonic speeds. Emissions from a projected fleet of such aircraft, referred to as high-speed civil transports (HSCT's), are being studied because of their possible effects on the chemistry and physics of the global atmosphere, in particular, on stratospheric ozone. At the same time, there is growing concern about the effects on ozone from the emissions of current (primarily subsonic) aircraft emissions. Evaluating the potential atmospheric impact of aircraft emissions from HSCT's requires a scientifically sound understanding of where the aircraft fly and under what conditions the aircraft effluents are injected into the atmosphere. A preliminary set of emissions scenarios are presented. These scenarios will be used to understand the sensitivity of environment effects to a range of fleet operations, flight conditions, and aircraft specifications. The baseline specifications for the scenarios are provided: the criteria to be used for developing the scenarios are defined, the required data base for initiating the development of the scenarios is established, and the state of the art for those scenarios that have already been developed is discussed. An important aspect of the assessment will be the evaluation of realistic projections of emissions as a function of both geographical distribution and altitude from an economically viable commercial HSCT fleet. With an assumed introduction date of around the year 2005, it is anticipated that there will be no HSCT aircraft in the global fleet at that time. However, projections show that, by 2015, the HSCT fleet could reach significant size. We assume these projections of HSCT and subsonic fleets for about 2015 can the be used as input to global atmospheric chemistry models to evaluate the impact of the HSCT fleets, relative to an all-subsonic future fleet. The methodology, procedures, and recommendations for the development of future HSCT and the subsonic fleet scenarios used for this evaluation are discussed.

  9. Past, present, and future of optical design at the College of Optical Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sasián, José

    2014-09-01

    The College of Optical Sciences, OSC, has seen three periods of optical design teaching and development. The first years 1964-1969; the golden years 1970-1999; and the new millennia years. Today the college offers a comprehensive and professional curriculum in optical design learning, and enjoys a strong heritage in optical design. This paper provides a perspective into the history and future prospects in optical design at the OSC.

  10. Integrating Motivational, Social, and Contextual Work Design Features: A Meta-Analytic Summary and Theoretical Extension of the Work Design Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen E. Humphrey; Jennifer D. Nahrgang; Frederick P. Morgeson

    2007-01-01

    The authors developed and meta-analytically examined hypotheses designed to test and extend work design theory by integrating motivational, social, and work context characteristics. Results from a summary of 259 studies and 219,625 participants showed that 14 work characteristics explained, on average, 43% of the variance in the 19 worker attitudes and behaviors examined. For example, motivational characteristics explained 25% of

  11. Trends And Future ResearchesIn Green Space Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Nagashima

    This paper reviews the essential planning process of green space design based on the concept of ecosystem management together\\u000a with the recent technical trends and required data set applicable at each process. The techniques reviewed in this paper contribute\\u000a toward the accomplishment of the goals of protecting the entire spectrum of biodiversity, ensure their persistence, and accommodate\\u000a human use within

  12. Future Modeling Needs in Pulse Detonation Rocket Engine Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meade, Brian; Talley, Doug; Mueller, Donn; Tew, Dave; Guidos, Mike; Seymour, Dave

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a performance model rocket engine design that takes advantage of pulse detonation to generate thrust. The contents include: 1) Introduction to the Pulse Detonation Rocket Engine (PDRE); 2) PDRE modeling issues and options; 3) Discussion of the PDRE Performance Workshop held at Marshall Space Flight Center; and 4) Identify needs involving an open performance model for Pulse Detonation Rocket Engines. This paper is in viewgraph form.

  13. DESIGN OF SMALL AUTOMATION WORK CELL SYSTEM DEMONSTRATIONS

    SciTech Connect

    C. TURNER; J. PEHL; ET AL

    2000-12-01

    The introduction of automation systems into many of the facilities dealing with the production, use and disposition of nuclear materials has been an ongoing objective. Many previous attempts have been made, using a variety of monolithic and, in some cases, modular technologies. Many of these attempts were less than successful, owing to the difficulty of the problem, the lack of maturity of the technology, and over optimism about the capabilities of a particular system. Consequently, it is not surprising that suggestions that automation can reduce worker Occupational Radiation Exposure (ORE) levels are often met with skepticism and caution. The development of effective demonstrations of these technologies is of vital importance if automation is to become an acceptable option for nuclear material processing environments. The University of Texas Robotics Research Group (UTRRG) has been pursuing the development of technologies to support modular small automation systems (each of less than 5 degrees-of-freedom) and the design of those systems for more than two decades. Properly designed and implemented, these technologies have a potential to reduce the worker ORE associated with work in nuclear materials processing facilities. Successful development of systems for these applications requires the development of technologies that meet the requirements of the applications. These application requirements form a general set of rules that applicable technologies and approaches need to adhere to, but in and of themselves are generally insufficient for the design of a specific automation system. For the design of an appropriate system, the associated task specifications and relationships need to be defined. These task specifications also provide a means by which appropriate technology demonstrations can be defined. Based on the requirements and specifications of the operations of the Advanced Recovery and Integrated Extraction System (ARIES) pilot line at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), which are considered to be representative of nuclear material handling glove box operations, the UTRRG has developed three task demonstration concepts to evaluate modular small automation systems. These demonstrations, utilizing 2 to 3 degree-of-freedom systems, include container movement, material transfer via pouring, and container loading. Based on an analysis of the ARIES pilot line specifications, these three simple demonstrations are considered to be similar to approximately 50% of the tasks in the ARIES pilot line. Since these task demonstrations functionally represent basic tasks, they are representative of the current potential of modular small automation technology to a wide spectrum of hazardous applications extending beyond the ARIES pilot line. The selection of these three demonstrations, their design and their effectiveness in demonstrating the potential of modular small automation technology are discussed.

  14. 13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

  15. 13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

  16. 13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

  17. 13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

  18. 13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

  19. Facing the Future: Barriers and Resources in Work and Family Plans of At-Risk Israeli Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cinamon, Rachel Gali; Hason, Iris

    2009-01-01

    This study examines 15 at-risk Israeli youngsters' work and family plans and the perceived barriers and resources influencing the realization of those plans. In-depth interviews analyzed by Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) demonstrate the complexity of the future awaiting these youths. Participants perceive work mainly as a means of obtaining…

  20. Risk Informed Assessment of Regulatory and Design Requirements for Future Nuclear Power Plants - Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect

    Ritterbusch, Stanley; Golay, Michael; Duran, Felicia; Galyean, William; Gupta, Abhinav; Dimitrijevic, Vesna; Malsch, Marty

    2003-01-29

    OAK B188 Summary of methods proposed for risk informing the design and regulation of future nuclear power plants. All elements of the historical design and regulation process are preserved, but the methods proposed for new plants use probabilistic risk assessment methods as the primary decision making tool.

  1. Combination of adjuvants: the future of vaccine design.

    PubMed

    Mount, Adele; Koernig, Sandra; Silva, Anabel; Drane, Debbie; Maraskovsky, Eugene; Morelli, Adriana Baz

    2013-07-01

    It is thought that the development of vaccines for the treatment of infectious diseases and cancer is likely to be achieved in the coming decades. This is partially due to a better understanding of the regulatory networks connecting innate with adaptive immune responses. The innate immune response is triggered by the recognition of conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns by germ line-coded pattern recognition receptors. Several families of pattern recognition receptors have been characterized, including Toll-like receptors and nucleotide-binding domain receptors. The identification of their ligands has driven the development of novel adjuvants many of which have been tested in vaccine clinical trials. Here, the authors review recent preclinical data and clinical trial results supporting the view that combinations of adjuvants are the way forward in vaccine design. Multiadjuvanted vaccines can stimulate the broad and robust protective immune responses required to fight chronic infectious diseases and cancer. PMID:23885819

  2. Complexity aided design. The FuturICT technological innovation paradigm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carbone, A.; Ajmone-Marsan, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Batty, M.; Masera, M.; Rome, E.

    2012-11-01

    "In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin. It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its sensations. This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs, electroencephalographs. These will probe and monitor cities and endangered species, the atmosphere, our ships, highways and fleets of trucks, our conversations, our bodies-even our dreams ....What will the earth's new skin permit us to feel? How will we use its surges of sensation? For several years-maybe for a decade-there will be no central nervous system to manage this vast signaling network. Certainly there will be no central intelligence...some qualities of self-awareness will emerge once the Net is sensually enhanced. Sensuality is only one force pushing the Net toward intelligence". These statements are quoted by an interview by Cherry Murray, Dean of the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Professor of Physics. It is interesting to outline the timeliness and highly predicting power of these statements. In particular, we would like to point to the relevance of the question "What will the earth's new skin permit us to feel?" to the work we are going to discuss in this paper. There are many additional compelling questions, as for example: "How can the electronic earth's skin be made more resilient?"; "How can the earth's electronic skin be improved to better satisfy the need of our society?";"What can the science of complex systems contribute to this endeavour?"

  3. On the systematic design and selection of optimal working fluids for Organic Rankine Cycles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Athanasios I. Papadopoulos; Mirko Stijepovic; Patrick Linke

    2010-01-01

    This work presents the first approach to the systematic design and selection of optimal working fluids for Organic Rankine Cycles (ORCs) based on computer aided molecular design (CAMD) and process optimization techniques. The resulting methodology utilizes group contribution methods in combination with multi-objective optimization technology for the generation of optimum working fluid candidates. Optimum designs of the corresponding ORC processes

  4. Public transportation is not going to work : non-work travel markets for the future of mass transit

    E-print Network

    Cohen, Alexander Nobler, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    For public transportation agencies to attract new riders in an automobile-dominated environment, niche markets must be targeted. The downtown journey to work is already recognized as a successful niche for transit. This ...

  5. Working with Design: A Package for Sheet Metal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiebich, Paul D.

    1974-01-01

    The author describes a design approach used to study sheet metal layout in junior high and high school mechanical drafting courses. Students observe packaging in stores, study package construction, and design and produce their own packages. (EA)

  6. Designing for Nomadic Work Norman Makoto Su and Gloria Mark

    E-print Network

    Su, Norman Makoto

    , Anthropology 1. INTRODUCTION Nomads do not live to migrate; they migrate to live. People who pursue a nomadic: nomadic work. Strictly speaking, nomadic workers (NWs) travel to where the work is. Paul Erdös

  7. Dismantling the Built Drawing: Working with Mood in Architectural Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teal, Randall

    2010-01-01

    From the late Middle Ages onward an emphasis on the rational and the technical aspects of design and design drawing gained hold of architectural practice. In this transformation, the phenomenon of mood has been frequently overlooked or seen as something to be added on to a design; yet the fundamental grounding of mood, as described in Martin…

  8. Mann Child Policy Externships Designed to give students hands-on experience working with

    E-print Network

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    Mann Child Policy Externships Designed to give students hands-on experience working Mann Child Policy Externships. These externships provide practical hands- on experience working organization's mission and work. · Provide a valuable learning experience to tomorrow's child policy leaders

  9. Considerations for design of future research and development interactive image analysis systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilkinson, T. B. (principal investigator)

    1979-01-01

    Future interactive image analysis systems must provide for the increased processing requirements imposed by a thermal channel to LANDSAT-3 and the increased number of spectral channels with significantly higher spatial resolution provided by the LANDSAT-D thematic mapper. Other design considerations must include the rapidly changing technology in memories and special purpose processors, as well as the analyst-machine interface and the human factors involved. The centralized and distributed system approaches are examined in relation to the optimum design configuration of future systems.

  10. Futurity

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Futurity website features "the latest discoveries by scientists at top research universities in the US, UK, Canada and Australia." Currently, some of the participating universities include Boston University, Duke University, McGill University, and the University of Sheffield. Visitors to the homepage will note that there are four areas on the site: Earth & Environment, Health & Medicine, Science & Technology, and Society & Culture. Recently profiled news items include a compelling new discovery from New York University about the reality of a tractor beam that can pull microscopic particles. The Society & Culture section is a real find, as it contains engaging pieces like "Is zero tolerance too hard on students?" and "Big banks loom over finance 'ecosystem'." Also, visitors can browse news items by school or by topic area. Finally, the Week's Most Discussed area is a great way to learn about compelling new stories from around the globe.

  11. Working in the Future. The Thinkahead Project Forum #3 (San Francisco, California, September 21, 1989). FIERI Forum Transcripts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitman Inst., San Francisco, CA.

    This document contains an edited transcript of a forum held as part of a research project called Thinkahead, which was designed to serve as a catalyst for developing educational models that will prepare people to think more critically and creatively in the world of the future. The forum participants, all business people concerned about the ways in…

  12. Workflow Agents vs. Expert Systems: Problem Solving Methods in Work Systems Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clancey, William J.; Sierhuis, Maarten; Seah, Chin

    2009-01-01

    During the 1980s, a community of artificial intelligence researchers became interested in formalizing problem solving methods as part of an effort called "second generation expert systems" (2nd GES). How do the motivations and results of this research relate to building tools for the workplace today? We provide an historical review of how the theory of expertise has developed, a progress report on a tool for designing and implementing model-based automation (Brahms), and a concrete example how we apply 2nd GES concepts today in an agent-based system for space flight operations (OCAMS). Brahms incorporates an ontology for modeling work practices, what people are doing in the course of a day, characterized as "activities." OCAMS was developed using a simulation-to-implementation methodology, in which a prototype tool was embedded in a simulation of future work practices. OCAMS uses model-based methods to interactively plan its actions and keep track of the work to be done. The problem solving methods of practice are interactive, employing reasoning for and through action in the real world. Analogously, it is as if a medical expert system were charged not just with interpreting culture results, but actually interacting with a patient. Our perspective shifts from building a "problem solving" (expert) system to building an actor in the world. The reusable components in work system designs include entire "problem solvers" (e.g., a planning subsystem), interoperability frameworks, and workflow agents that use and revise models dynamically in a network of people and tools. Consequently, the research focus shifts so "problem solving methods" include ways of knowing that models do not fit the world, and ways of interacting with other agents and people to gain or verify information and (ultimately) adapt rules and procedures to resolve problematic situations.

  13. Many more undergraduate students are working in our labs, too.Pioneering their future. Innovating at WayneState.

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    at WayneState. Undergraduate research Five pillars to a Wayne State College of Engineering educationMany more undergraduate students are working in our labs, too.Pioneering their future. Innovating: t Experiential learning through co-ops and internships t Hands-on experience t Global perspective t Scholarships

  14. 8. SUMMARIES AND FUTURE WORK The aim of the project was to investigate how thermal conductivity and noise

    E-print Network

    Cambridge, University of

    41 8. SUMMARIES AND FUTURE WORK The aim of the project was to investigate how thermal conductivity for the thermal conductivity of the tetrakaidecahedron, cube models and sphere models. To overcome the shortcomings a new simple-cube model was created and the thermal conductivity was calculated as a function

  15. Ohio's Future at Work. FY94 Progress Report. Action Plan for Accelerating the Modernization of Vocational Education in Ohio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Vocational and Adult Education.

    This document summarizes efforts made during fiscal year (FY) 1994 to implement Ohio's action plan for accelerating the modernization of vocational education, Ohio's Future at Work. First, background information is provided about the plan's formulation in 1990. Listed next are 10 legislative actions that have been identified as necessary to…

  16. Prospective work design of a human-centred CNC lathe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Corbett

    1985-01-01

    In the operation of many automated systems, the control functions are performed concurrently by human operator and computer. This paper discusses the importance of man-machine interface design for overall system efficiency and described how interface software enables operator and machine to help each other to achieve an effect of which each is separately incapable. Guidelines for the design of a

  17. Designing Incentive Systems for Schools. Working Paper 2008-16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neal, Derek

    2008-01-01

    This chapter considers the design of incentive pay systems for teachers and principals and the challenges facing policy makers who seek to design them. The author argues that policy makers must direct the efforts of teachers and principals toward schools' mission--the acquisition of skills and knowledge among children--and must find ways to link…

  18. Transformation of landscape planning and design in computer supported cooperative work era

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hui Yu; Hongcheng Deng; Zhenxiang Zhao; Yu Xiao

    2008-01-01

    From the point of design methodology, change quickly development computer technology of computer supported cooperative work (CSCW) has influence on the actions of landscape planning and design, such as renovation of design tradition conception, new ways for shape originality, and testing method for landscape planning and design. It has practicality value of determining computer technology values in landscape architecture design

  19. Current and Future Challenges in Designing Behavioral Interventions: From Randomized Trials to Community Implementation

    E-print Network

    Niebur, Ernst

    Current and Future Challenges in Designing Behavioral Interventions: From Randomized Trials to Community Implementation Gerontological Society of America November 18,2011 Current Perspectives in Public Legislation or Sausage? 4th Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation Policy

  20. The Status and Future of Research in Instructional Design and Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannafin, Michael J.

    1986-01-01

    Status, issues, and future of research in instructional design and technology are described. Several steps are recommended to encourage, improve, and expand collaborative research which fall into four general needs: identifying topics and methods; improving quality and quantity; providing greater opportunities; and increasing dissemination. (MBR)

  1. Using LogicWorks to Teach Logic Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spoerri, Peter

    1988-01-01

    Discusses a computer simulation to teach logic design using a Macintosh computer which allows circuits to be built piece by piece. Describes features of the simulation and presents several schematics drawn by the software. (MVL)

  2. Designing Effective Science Instruction: What Works in Science Classrooms

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Anne Tweed

    2009-11-01

    Science teachers, like all teachers, start each school year with high hopes and expectations for students to succeed. They plan their lessons, scramble to get the necessary equipment, and work hard to engage their students. However, despite good intention

  3. Bridging Work Practice and System Design: Integrating Systemic Analysis, Appreciative Intervention and Practitioner Participation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helena Karasti

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the integration of work practice and system design. By scrutinising the unfolding discourse of workshop participants the co-construction of work practice issues as relevant design considerations is described. Through a mutual exploration of ethnography and participatory design the contributing constituents to the co-construction process are identified and put forward as elements in the integration of `systemic analysis'

  4. Design Principles of Worked Examples: A Review of the Empirical Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shen, Chun-Yi; Tsai, Hui-Chun

    2009-01-01

    Many researchers investigated the efficacy of using worked examples in classroom instruction and provided evidence in the effectiveness of worked example instruction in mathematics, computer programming, physics, and etc. However, there are limited studies in worked example design. The purpose of this study is to generate the instructional design

  5. Working

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

  6. Analyzing data from single-case designs using multilevel models: new applications and some agenda items for future research.

    PubMed

    Shadish, William R; Kyse, Eden Nagler; Rindskopf, David M

    2013-09-01

    Several authors have proposed the use of multilevel models to analyze data from single-case designs. This article extends that work in 2 ways. First, examples are given of how to estimate these models when the single-case designs have features that have not been considered by past authors. These include the use of polynomial coefficients to model nonlinear change, the modeling of counts (Poisson distributed) or proportions (binomially distributed) as outcomes, the use of 2 different ways of modeling treatment effects in ABAB designs, and applications of these models to alternating treatment and changing criterion designs. Second, issues that arise when multilevel models are used for the analysis of single-case designs are discussed; such issues can form part of an agenda for future research on this topic. These include statistical power and assumptions, applications to more complex single-case designs, the role of exploratory data analyses, extensions to other kinds of outcome variables and sampling distributions, and other statistical programs that can be used to do such analyses. PMID:23834421

  7. Spectrum and orbit conservation as a factor in future mobile satellite system design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowen, Robert R.

    1990-01-01

    Access to the radio spectrum and geostationary orbit is essential to current and future mobile satellite systems. This access is difficult to obtain for current systems, and may be even more so for larger future systems. In this environment, satellite systems that minimize the amount of spectrum orbit resource required to meet a specific traffic requirement are essential. Several spectrum conservation techniques are discussed, some of which are complementary to designing the system at minimum cost. All may need to be implemented to the limits of technological feasibility if network growth is not to be constrained because of the lack of available spectrum-orbit resource.

  8. An Assessment of Future Employment Opportunities for Individuals Trained in the Automotive Trades. Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Employment Development, Sacramento.

    The California Youth Authority (CYA) planned to offer a training program covering all aspects of the automotive trades to wards during their incarceration. Through analysis, it showed future job opportunities exist, due to increased job numbers and high turnover rate, for persons trained in the automotive trades in California over a 10-year period…

  9. The Future U.S. Energy Infrastructure - And Who Will Do the Work?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hylko

    2008-01-01

    This paper identifies the current state and future implications of power generating capacity in the U.S. It also discusses workforce planning and hiring options to support the anticipated staffing needs that will be required to construct and eventually operate these new plants. The Energy Information Administration forecasts that electricity consumption will increase approximately 40% by 2030. Therefore, new power plants,

  10. Ohio's Future at Work. Action Plan for Accelerating the Modernization of Vocational Education in Ohio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Vocational and Career Education.

    In response to legislative mandate, this document contains a plan to reform vocational education and career education in Ohio to provide the state's workers with the skills they need for the future. The plan description is organized in eight sections. The first two sections report on the legislation mandating the reform and the response to the…

  11. The design, implementation, and evaluation of a working set dispatcher

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juan Rodriguez-Rosell; Jean-Pierre Dupuy

    1973-01-01

    The behavior of a computer system is largely dependent upon the algorithms employed to allocate the system resources to the processes competing for them. Recent research in time-sharing paging systems has developed the working set model for program behavior, and a resource allocation strategy based on this model has been proposed. Two implementations along these principles have been reported, but

  12. Present investigations of radioactive raw materials by the Geological Survey and a recommended program for future work

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Butler, A.P., Jr.; Stead, F.W.

    1947-01-01

    The Geological Survey's program of investigation of radioactive raw materials is presented herewith under present investigations, plans for future investigations, plan of operation, and cost of operation. This report was prepared at the request of the Atomic Energy Commission. Present investigations are summarized to show the scope of the present Trace Elements program, grouping individual projects into related types of investigations. Plans for future investigations on an expanded scale are outlined. These should provide sufficient data and knowledge of the occurrence and availability of uranium, thorium, and related elements, to permit a more complete evaluation of domestic resources. Reconnaissance projects are designed to discover possible new sources of uranium and thorium and to select areas and materials warranting further investigation. Typical projects leading to the estimation of reserves are the investigation of the carnotite ores of the Colorado Plateau by geologic mapping, exploratory drilling, and related research, and investigation of asphaltic sandstone in Emery County, Utah. Extensive research will be undertaken to establish the principles governing the geological and geochemical relations of uranium, thorium, and associated elements as an essential guide in appraising domestic resources. Particular emphasis will be placed on phosphatic rocks and black shales which offer ultimate resources of uranium far greater than carnotite ores. All the foregoing investigations will be accompanied by chemical, gephysical, and mineralogical research and analytical work. Under plan of operation is discussed the organization of the Trace Elements Unit, space requirements for laboratory and office, the scheduling of investigations, and other related problems. The proposed scheduling of work calls for approximately 109, 173, and 203 man years in fiscal years 1948, 1949, and 1950 respectively. Definite plans have been formulated only for the next three fiscal years, by which time it is assumed the program will reach stable proportions or can be altered as experience dictates. Under cost of operation is set forth the funds available in fiscal year 1947, the status of funds transferred from Atomic Services (14-217/80920), and funds necessary in succeeding fiscal years. The estimate for fiscal year 1948 inclues a non-recurring item of $1,025,000 for establishing adequate laboratories for chemical, physical, spectrographic and mineralogic research and analytical work. The total funds required in fiscal years 1948, 1949, and 1950 to support the proposed program will be $2,440,000, $2,161,000 and $2,198,000 respectively. The Geological survey anticipates contributing from its appropriation in fiscal years 1948, 1949 and 1950 approximately $243,000, $350,000, and $400,000 respectively; the balance of the necessary funds to be contributed by the Atomic Energy Commission in fiscal years 1948, 1949, and 1950 will be approximately $2,196,900, $1,811,000, and $1,798,000 respectively.

  13. What Types of Designs Are We Using in Social Work Research and Evaluation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holosko, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    This article addresses a void in the literature about social work research and evaluation (R&E) designs, in particular related to the quality of its published work. Data were collected by reviewing three empirically oriented journals, "Research on Social Work Practice", "Journal of Social Service Research", and "Social Work Research" over three…

  14. Designing sustainable work systems: the need for a systems approach.

    PubMed

    Zink, Klaus J

    2014-01-01

    There is a growing discussion concerning sustainability. While this discussion was at first mainly focused on a society level--and sometimes regarding especially environmental problems, one can now see that this topic is of increasing relevance for companies worldwide and even the social dimension of this three pillar approach is gaining more and more importance. This leads to some questions: Is sustainability already a part of human factors thinking or do we have to further develop our discipline? How can we define sustainable work systems? What are the topics we have to consider? Do we need a new systems ergonomics perspective regarding whole value creation chains and a life-cycle perspective concerning products (and work systems)? How can we deal with potential contradictions about social, ecological, and economic goals? PMID:23608710

  15. Paths to Work in Rural Places: Key Findings and Lessons from the Impact Evaluation of the Future Steps Rural Welfare-to-Work Program. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meckstroth, Alicia; Burwick, Andrew; Ponza, Michael; Marsh, Shawn; Novak, Tim; Phillips, Shannon; Diaz-Tena, Nuria; Ng, Judy

    2006-01-01

    Helping low-income families in rural areas find gainful employment and achieve economic self-sufficiency is an ongoing policy concern. The Rural Welfare-to-Work Strategies demonstration is using rigorous experimental designs to build knowledge about how to help low-income families in rural areas strive toward sustained employment and…

  16. Disciplining the Working Classes: Neoliberal Designs in Vocational Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard D. Lakes; Patricia A. Carter

    2009-01-01

    This essay critiques the neoliberal reorganization of vocational education, finding that the notion of democratic schooling has been diminished as the differential needs of working-class students are unrecognized and unmet. Instead, these students are faced with the false promises of merit advanced in the middle-class discourses of college-for-all. Vocational education reforms support the privatization movement through the creation of charter

  17. Design Principles for Teacher Investigations of Student Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle Chamberlin

    This article describes a specific approach to a teacher investigation of students' written work. The aim of the investigation was for in-service middle school teachers to externalize their thinking about their students' mathematical thinking and to then reflect upon these externalizations and make refinements accordingly. This aim mirrors the purposes of student-level mathematical activities entitled model-eliciting activities. Therefore, the teacher

  18. IEA Wind Task 26: The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy, Work Package 2

    SciTech Connect

    Lantz, E.; Wiser, R.; Hand, M.

    2012-05-01

    Over the past 30 years, wind power has become a mainstream source of electricity generation around the world. However, the future of wind power will depend a great deal on the ability of the industry to continue to achieve cost of energy reductions. In this summary report, developed as part of the International Energy Agency Wind Implementing Agreement Task 26, titled 'The Cost of Wind Energy,' we provide a review of historical costs, evaluate near-term market trends, review the methods used to estimate long-term cost trajectories, and summarize the range of costs projected for onshore wind energy across an array of forward-looking studies and scenarios. We also highlight the influence of high-level market variables on both past and future wind energy costs.

  19. Working Memory Involved in Predicting Future Outcomes Based on Past Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dretsch, Michael N.; Tipples, Jason

    2008-01-01

    Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). "Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions." "Neuropsychology," 18, 152-162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair…

  20. Future World of Work. Long Range Planning Assistance for Local United Ways.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkinson, George

    A review of technological, political, social, and economic forces affecting the world of work indicates that in the eighties significant changes can be expected in the following areas: the nature of organizations, the relationship between individuals and organizations, the nature of the work force, the nature of the workplace, and the nature of…

  1. Building Blocks for a Future School-to-Work System: Early National Implementation Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverberg, Marsha; Haimson, Joshua; Hershey, Alan M.

    A national evaluation of school-to-work (STW) implementation was conducted by collecting data on four broad issues: states' efforts to promote the changes envisioned by the School to Work Opportunities Act (STWOA); impacts of local STW partnerships on school and workplace opportunities available to students and creation of coherent STW systems;…

  2. Preparing School Social Work for the Future: An Update of School Social Workers' Tasks in Iowa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peckover, Christopher A.; Vasquez, Matthew L.; Van Housen, Stephanie L.; Saunders, Jeanne A.; Allen, Larry

    2013-01-01

    The authors begin this article by highlighting clinical social casework as a historic trend in school social work practice. They then identify two major shifts in current education policy related to school social work practice. One shift is an emphasis on a multilevel intervention approach, and the other is the differentiation between academic and…

  3. Managing work-life policies in the European workplace: explorations for future research 

    E-print Network

    den Dulk, Laura; Peper, Bram

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we focus on the implementation and management of work-life policies in the workplace and the key role of managers in this context. We review the existing literature, enabling us to set a research agenda focused ...

  4. Wind power plant collector system design considerations: IEEE PES wind plant collector system design working group

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. H. Camm; M. R. Behnke; O. Bolado; M. Bollen; M. Bradt; C. Brooks; W. Dilling; M. Edds; W. J. Hejdak; D. Houseman; S. Klein; F. Li; J. Li; P. Maibach; T. Nicolai; J. Patino; S. V. Pasupulati; N. Samaan; S. Saylors; T. Siebert; T. Smith; M. Starke; R. Walling

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a summary of the most important design considerations for wind power plants. Various considerations, including feeder topology, collector design, interconnect and NESC\\/NEC requirements, and design engineering studies are discussed.

  5. Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haines, Annette M.

    2003-01-01

    Draws upon Maria Montessori's writings to examine work as a universal human tendency throughout life. Discusses the work of adaptation of the infant, work of "psycho-muscular organism" for the preschooler, work of the imagination for the elementary child, community work of the adolescent, and work of the adult. Asserts that Montessorians' role is…

  6. Fall Semester 2010, IE 408 (Cognitive Work Design) Syllabus General Course Information

    E-print Network

    Rothrock, Ling

    Fall Semester 2010, IE 408 (Cognitive Work Design) Syllabus General Course Information Instructor will use ANGEL (https://angel.psu.edu) for course correspondence and administration. Prerequisites: IE327 analysis and evaluate human-computer interfaces. #12;Fall Semester 2010, IE 408 (Cognitive Work Design

  7. What is coordination theory and how can it help design cooperative work systems?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas W. Malone; Kevin Crowston

    1990-01-01

    It is possible to design cooperative work tools based only on “common sense” and good intuitions. But the history of technology is replete with examples of good theories greatly aiding the development of useful technology. Where, then, might we look for theories to help us design computer-supported cooperative work tools? In this paper, we will describe one possible perspective—the interdisciplinary

  8. Risk-informed assessment of regulatory and design requirements for future nuclear power plants. Annual report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    2000-08-01

    OAK B188 Risk-informed assessment of regulatory and design requirements for future nuclear power plants. Annual report. The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-formed approach for the design and regulation of nuclear power plants. This approach will include the development and/or confirmation of corresponding regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major impediment to long term competitiveness of new nuclear plants in the U.S. is the capital cost component--which may need to be reduced on the order of 35% to 40% for Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWRS) such as System 80+ and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR). The required cost reduction for an ALWR such as AP600 or AP1000 would be expected to be less. Such reductions in capital cost will require a fundamental reevaluation of the industry standards and regulatory bases under which nuclear plants are designed and licensed. Fortunately, there is now an increasing awareness that many of the existing regulatory requirements and industry standards are not significantly contributing to safety and reliability and, therefore, are unnecessarily adding to nuclear plant costs. Not only does this degrade the economic competitiveness of nuclear energy, it results in unnecessary costs to the American electricity consumer. While addressing these concerns, this research project will be coordinated with current efforts of industry and NRC to develop risk-informed, performance-based regulations that affect the operation of the existing nuclear plants; however, this project will go further by focusing on the design of new plants.

  9. Working Notes from the 1992 AAAI Workshop on Automating Software Design. Theme: Domain Specific Software Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Keller, Richard M. (editor); Barstow, David; Lowry, Michael R.; Tong, Christopher H.

    1992-01-01

    The goal of this workshop is to identify different architectural approaches to building domain-specific software design systems and to explore issues unique to domain-specific (vs. general-purpose) software design. Some general issues that cut across the particular software design domain include: (1) knowledge representation, acquisition, and maintenance; (2) specialized software design techniques; and (3) user interaction and user interface.

  10. Defining our destiny: trainee working group consensus statement on the future of emergency surgery training in the United Kingdom.

    PubMed

    Sharrock, A E; Gokani, V J; Harries, R L; Pearce, L; Smith, S R; Ali, O; Chu, H; Dubois, A; Ferguson, H; Humm, G; Marsden, M; Nepogodiev, D; Venn, M; Singh, S; Swain, C; Kirkby-Bott, J

    2015-01-01

    The United Kingdom National Health Service treats both elective and emergency patients and seeks to provide high quality care, free at the point of delivery. Equal numbers of emergency and elective general surgical procedures are performed, yet surgical training prioritisation and organisation of NHS institutions is predicated upon elective care. The increasing ratio of emergency general surgery consultant posts compared to traditional sub-specialities has yet to be addressed. How should the capability gap be bridged to equip motivated, skilled surgeons of the future to deliver a high standard of emergency surgical care? The aim was to address both training requirements for the acquisition of necessary emergency general surgery skills, and the formation of job plans for trainee and consultant posts to meet the current and future requirements of the NHS. Twenty nine trainees and a consultant emergency general surgeon convened as a Working Group at The Association of Surgeons in Training Conference, 2015, to generate a united consensus statement to the training requirement and delivery of emergency general surgery provision by future general surgeons. Unscheduled general surgical care provision, emergency general surgery, trauma competence, training to meet NHS requirements, consultant job planning and future training challenges arose as key themes. Recommendations have been made from these themes in light of published evidence. Careful workforce planning, education, training and fellowship opportunities will provide well-trained enthusiastic individuals to meet public and societal need. PMID:26161133

  11. Environmental designs for reading from imaging work stations: Ergonomic and architectural features

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven C. Horii; Howard N. Horii; Seong Ki Mun; Harold R. Benson; Robert K. Zeman

    1989-01-01

    Despite the rapid progress made in the electronic design of imaging work stations for medicine, much less effort has gone\\u000a into the design of environments in which such systems will be used. Based on studies of radiologist film reading sessions,\\u000a considerable time will be spent working at such viewing systems. If the rooms in which the work stations are placed

  12. Video Games and the Future of Learning. WCER Working Paper No. 2005-4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, David Williamson; Halverson, Richard; Squire, Kurt R.; Gee, James P.

    2005-01-01

    Will video games change the way we learn? We argue here for a particular view of games--and of learning--as activities that are most powerful when they are personally meaningful, experiential, social, and epistemological all at the same time. From this perspective, we describe an approach to the design of learning environments that builds on the…

  13. How Web Banner Designers Work: The Role of Internal Dialogues, Self-Evaluations, and

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    How Web Banner Designers Work: The Role of Internal Dialogues, Self-Evaluations, and Impiicit with web banner designers, combined with retrospective protocols, reveai implicit theories ofthe of imaginary audiences with whom web banner designers engage in imaginary dialogues. The dialogues reveal

  14. Making Judgements about Students Making Work: Lecturers’ Assessment Practices in Art and Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orr, Susan; Bloxham, Sue

    2013-01-01

    This research study explores the assessment practices in two higher education art and design departments. The key aim of this research was to explore art and design studio assessment practices as lived and experienced by art and design lecturers. This work draws on two bodies of pre-existing research. Firstly this study adopted methodological…

  15. Educating future practitioners of social work and law: Exploring the origins of inter-professional misunderstanding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah Taylor

    2006-01-01

    Lawyers and social workers working with disadvantaged populations frequently collaborate to assist clients as they navigate such bureaucratic institutions as child dependency courts. Collaboration in the child welfare field is often characterized by conflict as professionals negotiate roles, duties, and varying ethical responsibilities. One overlooked cause of this conflict involves the difference in how practitioners are socialized. This descriptive, exploratory

  16. Inclusion and Diversity in Work Groups: A Review and Model for Future Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn M. Shore; Amy E. Randel; Beth G. Chung; Michelle A. Dean; Karen Holcombe Ehrhart; Gangaram Singh

    2011-01-01

    A great deal of research has focused on work group diversity, but management scholars have only recently focused on inclusion. As a result, the inclusion literature is still under development, with limited agreement on the conceptual underpinnings of this construct. In this article, the authors first use Brewer’s optimal distinctiveness theory to develop a definition of employee inclusion in the

  17. Small Size Cylindrical Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells and Future Approaches for Decreasing Working Temperature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Rossi; A. Nicolini; G. Duranti

    The paper deals with the development of an original small size cylindrical molten carbonate fuel cell (SSMCFC) and an investigation for decreasing its working temperature. High benefits are obtained by the proposed configuration in terms of construction time and costs, thermal dispersion minimization, global efficiency; minimization of gases tight problems, compression strain uniformity on the contact surface. A 1kW stack

  18. Teaching and Learning Community Work Online: Can E-Learning Promote Competences for Future Practice?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Karin Larsen; Rina Visser-Rotgans; Grete Oline Hole

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a case study of an online course in Community Work and the learning outcomes for an international group of students participating in the course. Examples from the process of, and results from the development of virtual-learning material are presented. Finally, the students’ learning experience and competences achieved by the use of innovative learning material and ICT communication

  19. Response: Uses of History in Creating New Futures--A Science-Informed Social Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambrill, Eileen

    2012-01-01

    Social work is a profession that draws (or should draw) on available knowledge in the disciplines as well as other sources including other professions in the pursuit of "the betterment of life conditions of individuals, groups, and communities." An historical perspective illustrates opportunities taken and lost to harvest knowledge in pursuit of…

  20. Education for the World of Work and Citizenship: Towards Sustainable Future Societies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quisumbing, Lourdes R.

    2005-01-01

    While education is a key to any development strategy, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is the master key that can transform the world of work and the economy, alleviate poverty, save the environment and improve the quality of life. As students are being prepared to become efficient, skillful and competent workers, they can at…

  1. ‘Re?culturing’ students and selling futures: school?to?work policy in Ontario

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alison Taylor

    2005-01-01

    This paper situates recent school?to?work transition policy in Ontario, Canada, within the historical context of secondary school reform in the past 50 years. This understanding informs our analysis of interviews with representatives from government, business, organised labour, education and partnership brokers. Data suggest tensions between the rhetoric of corporatism and the reality of a market model, the rhetoric of enhancing

  2. The Role of Work Experience in the Future Employability of Higher Education Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helyer, Ruth; Lee, Dionne

    2014-01-01

    Many new graduates are finding it difficult to obtain graduate-level work and impossible to break into the sectors they were aiming at. In order to address this, higher education institutions are examining the methods they use to enhance student employability and deploying various measures to grow and strengthen this activity, with an increasing…

  3. The ESA Polar Platform - A work-horse for future earth observation missions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reibaldi, G. G.; Cendral, J. L.

    1992-08-01

    The Polar Platform (PP) developed by ESA is described in terms of the contributions in the low-altitude sun-synchronous polar orbit to the campaign of earth observations. The PP is described demonstrating the utilization of SPOT and ERS technologies in a design comprising service and payload modules. The payload module provides data-management, communications, and thermal-control subsystems, and the service module incorporates the structure and thermal arrays required to support the system hardware. The PP design is shown to be highly modular with incremental sections and subsystem modularity in the areas of propulsion, attitude control, power, communications, and thermal control. The mission is intended to collect data on terrestrial and meteorological events with a payload complement of SAR, scatterometer, and active microwave instrumentation.

  4. Future advances in work-related asthma and the impact on occupational health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-Luc Malo

    2005-01-01

    Work-related asthma (WRA) and WRA-like conditions refer to all situations in which asthma or asthma-like syndromes occur or worsen in the workplace. This occurs in 10% of all adult-onset asthma subjects. Occupational asthma (OA) is a specific type of WRA that is 'caused' by the workplace, being mediated either by an allergic process with a latency period or by a

  5. Biomechanical energy harvesting from human motion: theory, state of the art, design guidelines, and future directions

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Biomechanical energy harvesting from human motion presents a promising clean alternative to electrical power supplied by batteries for portable electronic devices and for computerized and motorized prosthetics. We present the theory of energy harvesting from the human body and describe the amount of energy that can be harvested from body heat and from motions of various parts of the body during walking, such as heel strike; ankle, knee, hip, shoulder, and elbow joint motion; and center of mass vertical motion. Methods We evaluated major motions performed during walking and identified the amount of work the body expends and the portion of recoverable energy. During walking, there are phases of the motion at the joints where muscles act as brakes and energy is lost to the surroundings. During those phases of motion, the required braking force or torque can be replaced by an electrical generator, allowing energy to be harvested at the cost of only minimal additional effort. The amount of energy that can be harvested was estimated experimentally and from literature data. Recommendations for future directions are made on the basis of our results in combination with a review of state-of-the-art biomechanical energy harvesting devices and energy conversion methods. Results For a device that uses center of mass motion, the maximum amount of energy that can be harvested is approximately 1 W per kilogram of device weight. For a person weighing 80 kg and walking at approximately 4 km/h, the power generation from the heel strike is approximately 2 W. For a joint-mounted device based on generative braking, the joints generating the most power are the knees (34 W) and the ankles (20 W). Conclusions Our theoretical calculations align well with current device performance data. Our results suggest that the most energy can be harvested from the lower limb joints, but to do so efficiently, an innovative and light-weight mechanical design is needed. We also compared the option of carrying batteries to the metabolic cost of harvesting the energy, and examined the advantages of methods for conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy. PMID:21521509

  6. Interprofessional collaboration in research, education, and clinical practice: working together for a better future

    PubMed Central

    Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.

    2015-01-01

    Interprofessional collaboration occurs when 2 or more professions work together to achieve common goals and is often used as a means for solving a variety of problems and complex issues. The benefits of collaboration allow participants to achieve together more than they can individually, serve larger groups of people, and grow on individual and organizational levels. This editorial provides an overview of interprofessional collaboration in the areas of clinical practice, education, and research; discusses barriers to collaboration; and suggests potential means to overcome them. PMID:25594446

  7. Site Selection for the European ELT: working package included in the European FP6 ``ELT design study'' contract

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muñoz-Tuñón, C.; Sarazin, M.; Vernin, J.

    2007-10-01

    The site selection for the future European Large Telescope (E-ELT) is a key issue within the European proposal funded by the European Union (EU), within the ``ELT design study'' proposal. The organization, working scheme and baseline frameworks are reviewed. For the definition of the working package WP12000 ``Site Characterization'', important use has been done of previous work in the definition of techniques and tools for the study of the atmosphere above observing sites. We have also taken advantage of the number of data already available which have naturally defined a ranking among the known places which have also been taken as a base line for pre-selecting the candidate sites. The work will last 4 years, it started in 2005 and is organized in subtasks, working packages WP, whose main objectives are the following: WP12100: to characterize two top astronomical sites (ORM and North-Paranal) and to explore three other alternatives (Macon in Argentina, Izaña in Spain and Aklim in Morocco) suitable to install an ELT under the best conditions (Dome C is been currently under investigation, and no particular effort will be put in this site, but rather its atmospheric properties will be compared to the above mentioned sites). WP12200 is dedicated to design, build and operate a set of standard equipment in all the sites and to perform long term campaign. WP12300 will investigate wavefront properties over large baselines (50-100 m) corresponding to the size of the future ELT, as well as the fine characterization of the optical turbulence within the boundary layer. A similar plan is being carried out by the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) site selection team. For the sake of saving resources (budget and people), the TMT preselected sites (all in the American Continent) are not included in our European study.

  8. Severe accident containment loads and possible design concepts of future large pressurized water reactors

    SciTech Connect

    Kessler, G. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (Germany). Institut fuer Neutronenphysik und Reaktortechnik; Eibl, J. [Univ. Karlsruhe (Germany). Institute fuer Massivbau und Baustofftechnologie

    1995-09-01

    The risk of present-day light water reactors is dominated by the consequences of core melt accidents followed by a failure of the outer containment. Although such events would have very low frequencies of occurrence, their risk cannot be neglected in the future. Therefore, specifications for mechanical loads and heat loads to the containment are analyzed, and design modifications are proposed, explaining how the containment can withstand the consequences of core melts. As a result, the radiological impact outside of the containment will be drastically decreased. Evacuation of the population outside of the reactor plant will no longer be necessary in the case of a core melt.

  9. Design and R&D of very forward calorimeters for detectors at future e+ e- collider

    E-print Network

    Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I

    2015-01-01

    Detectors at future e+ e-collider need special calorimeters in the very forward region for a fast estimate and precise measurement of the luminosity, to improve the hermeticity and mask the central tracking detectors from backscattered particles. Design optimized for the ILC collider using Monte Carlo simulations is presented. Sensor prototypes have been produced and dedicated FE ASICs have been developed and tested. For the first time, sensors have been connected to the front-end and ADC ASICs and tested in an electron beam. Results on the performance are discussed.

  10. Anticipating the use of future things: towards a framework for prospective use analysis in innovation design projects.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Julien; Buisine, Stéphanie; Aoussat, Améziane

    2013-11-01

    Anticipation of future product use is a persistent issue in User-Centered Design. In this paper, we argue that one obstacle to early integration of use analysis in innovation design is overreliance on retrospective use analysis, i.e. that which is based on clear references to existing products or activities. In contrast, innovation design projects are full of uncertainty, leading to a need for prospective analysis. After having described some limitations of prospective use analysis, we contend that creativity tools may be used to assist the anticipation of future product use, by allowing designers to approach the variability of situations of future use in a structured manner rather than by "muddling through". We illustrate the expected benefits of this approach with two case studies, and describe some prospects for future research and practice in ergonomics. PMID:23680450

  11. Estimation of Cyclic Interstory Drift Capacity of Steel Framed Structures and Future Applications for Seismic Design

    PubMed Central

    Bojórquez, Edén; Reyes-Salazar, Alfredo; Ruiz, Sonia E.; Terán-Gilmore, Amador

    2014-01-01

    Several studies have been devoted to calibrate damage indices for steel and reinforced concrete members with the purpose of overcoming some of the shortcomings of the parameters currently used during seismic design. Nevertheless, there is a challenge to study and calibrate the use of such indices for the practical structural evaluation of complex structures. In this paper, an energy-based damage model for multidegree-of-freedom (MDOF) steel framed structures that accounts explicitly for the effects of cumulative plastic deformation demands is used to estimate the cyclic drift capacity of steel structures. To achieve this, seismic hazard curves are used to discuss the limitations of the maximum interstory drift demand as a performance parameter to achieve adequate damage control. Then the concept of cyclic drift capacity, which incorporates information of the influence of cumulative plastic deformation demands, is introduced as an alternative for future applications of seismic design of structures subjected to long duration ground motions. PMID:25089288

  12. IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 29, NO. 3, JULY 2004 651 Designing Future Underwater Vehicles: Principles

    E-print Network

    Hartmann, Mitra J. Z.

    , and Joel W. Burdick Abstract--Future underwater vehicles will be increasingly called upon to work@northwestern.edu). E. Fontaine and J. W. Burdick are with the Division of Engineering and Ap- plied Science, California

  13. SimCompany: An Educational Game Created through a Human-Work Interaction Design Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pedro Campos; Ana Campos

    2009-01-01

    We present a novel children’s educational game, which was created through a human-work interaction design – an emerging research\\u000a field which advocates a better understanding of the relationship between work-domain based empirical studies and iterative\\u000a design of prototypes and new technologies. We describe how “SimCompany”, a game for teaching children about business management\\u000a concepts, was created. SimCompany proved effective as

  14. Design and cold-air test of single-stage uncooled turbine with high work output

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moffitt, T. P.; Szanca, E. M.; Whitney, W. J.; Behning, F. P.

    1980-01-01

    A solid version of a 50.8 cm single stage core turbine designed for high temperature was tested in cold air over a range of speed and pressure ratio. Design equivalent specific work was 76.84 J/g at an engine turbine tip speed of 579.1 m/sec. At design speed and pressure ratio, the total efficiency of the turbine was 88.6 percent, which is 0.6 point lower than the design value of 89.2 percent. The corresponding mass flow was 4.0 percent greater than design.

  15. Partnerships and learning communities in work?integrated learning: designing a community services student placement program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa Harris; Martyn Jones; Sally Coutts

    2010-01-01

    The paper describes and analyses the design and implementation of a higher education student placement program in the community services sector. Principally ideas about partnerships and social learning informed the design. The placement program represents a significant innovation in work?integrated learning, achieved through collaboration between a community services organisation and a university school of social science and humanities. It offers

  16. Personal Leadership in Practice: A Critical Approach to Instructional Design Innovation Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashbaugh, Marcia L.

    2013-01-01

    An argument is made in this article for a link between leadership and innovation, when innovation is an outcome of the work approaches and practices that underpin an educational technologist's academic course designs. The practice of instructional design (ID) is continually being challenged to rethink its conceptualization of academic course…

  17. 43 CFR 3186.3 - Model for designation of successor unit operator by working interest owners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Model for designation of successor unit operator by working...ONSHORE OIL AND GAS UNIT AGREEMENTS: UNPROVEN AREAS Model Forms § 3186.3 Model for designation of successor unit operator by...

  18. 43 CFR 3186.3 - Model for designation of successor unit operator by working interest owners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Model for designation of successor unit operator by working...ONSHORE OIL AND GAS UNIT AGREEMENTS: UNPROVEN AREAS Model Forms § 3186.3 Model for designation of successor unit operator by...

  19. 43 CFR 3186.3 - Model for designation of successor unit operator by working interest owners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Model for designation of successor unit operator by working...ONSHORE OIL AND GAS UNIT AGREEMENTS: UNPROVEN AREAS Model Forms § 3186.3 Model for designation of successor unit operator by...

  20. 43 CFR 3186.3 - Model for designation of successor unit operator by working interest owners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Model for designation of successor unit operator by working...ONSHORE OIL AND GAS UNIT AGREEMENTS: UNPROVEN AREAS Model Forms § 3186.3 Model for designation of successor unit operator by...

  1. The Effects of Training Design, Individual Characteristics and Work Environment on Transfer of Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Velada, Raquel; Caetano, Antonio; Michel, John W.; Lyons, Brian D.; Kavanagh, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    This study aims to gain insight into some of the factors that determine the transfer of training to the work context. The present research examined the relationship between three types of predictors on transfer of training, including training design, individual characteristics and work environment. Data was collected at two points in time from 182…

  2. Intelligent SpaceWire bus controller driver design and implementation based on VxWorks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huazhang Zhou; Weigong Zhang; Yongxiang Zhang; Rui Ding; Feng Ba; Suran Di; Chuan Chen; Jiajia Wang

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes driver design principles under the real-time multitasking operating system VxWorks, and presents the implementation process and work steps in detail. It takes Intelligent SpaceWire bus controller as an example to introduce the hardware structure of the controller SpaceWire, and present key steps to realize the driver.

  3. Design of the Master Control System of the Array Antenna Based on the VxWorks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yu Yi; Liu Qingxiang; Zhao Liu; Wang Bangji; Zhang Zhengquan; Li Xiangqiang; Zhang Jianqiong

    2011-01-01

    This paper aimed at the features of the array antenna that with large number units, short work cycle, complex electromagnetic environment and high stability requirement, designed the master control system which based on the VxWorks real-time operating system. The master control system as a whole array antenna control center needed to connect multiple subsystems. After a full investigation, the paper

  4. Report on the NGS3 Working Group on Safeguards by Design For Aqueous Reprocessing Plants

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, Shirley J.; Ehinger, Michael; Schanfein, Mark

    2011-02-01

    The objective of the Working Group on SBD for Aqueous Reprocessing Facilities was to provide recommendations, for facility operators and designers, which would aid in the coordination and integration of nuclear material accountancy and the safeguards requirements of all concerned parties - operators, state/regional authorities, and the IAEA. The recommendations, which are to be provided to the IAEA, are intended to assist in optimizing facility design and operating parameters to ensure the safeguardability of the facility while minimizing impact on the operations. The one day Working Group session addressed a wide range of design and operating topics.

  5. The Iterative Design Process in Research and Development: A Work Experience Paper

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sullivan, George F. III

    2013-01-01

    The iterative design process is one of many strategies used in new product development. Top-down development strategies, like waterfall development, place a heavy emphasis on planning and simulation. The iterative process, on the other hand, is better suited to the management of small to medium scale projects. Over the past four months, I have worked with engineers at Johnson Space Center on a multitude of electronics projects. By describing the work I have done these last few months, analyzing the factors that have driven design decisions, and examining the testing and verification process, I will demonstrate that iterative design is the obvious choice for research and development projects.

  6. Multiagent Modeling and Simulation in Human-Robot Mission Operations Work System Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sierhuis, Maarten; Clancey, William J.; Sims, Michael H.; Shafto, Michael (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes a collaborative multiagent modeling and simulation approach for designing work systems. The Brahms environment is used to model mission operations for a semi-autonomous robot mission to the Moon at the work practice level. It shows the impact of human-decision making on the activities and energy consumption of a robot. A collaborative work systems design methodology is described that allows informal models, created with users and stakeholders, to be used as input to the development of formal computational models.

  7. Impact of the Diamond Light Source on research in Earth and environmental sciences: current work and future perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Burke, Ian T.; Mosselmans, J. Frederick W.; Shaw, Samuel; Peacock, Caroline L.; Benning, Liane G.; Coker, Victoria S.

    2015-01-01

    Diamond Light Source Ltd celebrated its 10th anniversary as a company in December 2012 and has now accepted user experiments for over 5 years. This paper describes the current facilities available at Diamond and future developments that enhance its capacities with respect to the Earth and environmental sciences. A review of relevant research conducted at Diamond thus far is provided. This highlights how synchrotron-based studies have brought about important advances in our understanding of the fundamental parameters controlling highly complex mineral–fluid–microbe interface reactions in the natural environment. This new knowledge not only enhances our understanding of global biogeochemical processes, but also provides the opportunity for interventions to be designed for environmental remediation and beneficial use. PMID:25624516

  8. The informal European Parliamentary Working Group on Risk--history, remit, and future plans: a personal view.

    PubMed

    Löfstedt, Ragnar E

    2013-07-01

    On September 5, 2012 the inaugural meeting of the European Parliamentary Working Group on Risk (WGR) took place in the European Parliament in Brussels. It is chaired by Mrs. Julie Girling (U.K. Conservative), Member of the European Parliament (MEP), and involves some 10-12 other MEPs representing a wide array of European political parties from across the EU member state countries, including Sweden, the Netherlands, and Hungary. The WGR is supported by a small secretariat reporting directly to Julie Girling MEP. In this background article of WGR, I discuss the background to why WGR was set up, the remit of the committee, and some of its possible future plans. I do this very much in a personal capacity, having suggested the formation of the committee in the first place and persuaded Mrs. Girling to chair it. PMID:23656596

  9. The influence of focal plane array design parameters on future automatic target recognizer performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goodman, Daniel; Tran, Hanna; Decamp, Brian; Howe, James D.; Williams, Timothy; Kruthers, Joan; Obrien, Gary; Le, Kristina; Cha, Jae

    1995-05-01

    Automatic cuers and recognizers have been included in many recent weapons systems designs. In systems such as the Comanche helicopter a successful cuer/recognizer will significantly reduce crew workloads and will shorten acquisition timelines considerably. Focal plane array development has matured to the point where a new generation of common detector modules are being built under the IRFPA program. In the initial phases of the program it became important to take a look at different proposed array configurations, and to try to draw conclusions about the resulting image quality and impact that would have on future automatic target recognizer performance. The focus of this investigation has been the impact of several key FPA parameters on ATh performance. The experimental design was chosen to be independent of specific ATh algorithms and focused on the amount of image degradation and information loss attributable to a particular FPA design change. Sensor parameters studied included detector size, detector geometry, noise, detector response nonuniformity, and array sampling effects. Range dependence of the image quality degradation due to each of the sensor parameters is presented.

  10. Preliminary analysis of long-range aircraft designs for future heavy airlift missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nelms, W. P., Jr.; Murphy, R.; Barlow, A.

    1976-01-01

    A computerized design study of very large cargo aircraft for the future heavy airlift mission was conducted using the Aircraft Synthesis program (ACSYNT). The study was requested by the Air Force under an agreement whereby Ames provides computerized design support to the Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory. This effort is part of an overall Air Force program to study advanced technology large aircraft systems. Included in the Air Force large aircraft program are investigations of missions such as heavy airlift, airborne missile launch, battle platform, command and control, and aerial tanker. The Ames studies concentrated on large cargo aircraft of conventional design with payloads from 250,000 to 350,000 lb. Range missions up to 6500 n.mi. and radius missions up to 3600 n.mi. have been considered. Takeoff and landing distances between 7,000 and 10,000 ft are important constraints on the configuration concepts. The results indicate that a configuration employing conventional technology in all disciplinary areas weighs approximately 2 million pounds to accomplish either a 6500-n.mi. range mission or a 3600-n.mi. radius mission with a 350,000-lb payload.

  11. Designing Future Dark Energy Space Mission: I. Building Realistic Galaxy Spectro-Photometric Catalogs and their first applic ations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Jouvel; J. P. Kneib; O. Ilbert; G. Bernstein; S. Arnouts; T. Dahlen; A. Ealet; B. Milliard; H. Aussel; P. Capak; H. McCracken; M. Salvato; N. Scoville

    Context. Future dark energy space missions such as JDEM and EUCLID are being designed to survey the galaxy population to trace the geometry of the universe and the growth of structure, which both depend on the cosmological model. To reach the goal of high precision cosmology they need to evaluate the capabilities of different instrument designs based on realistic mock

  12. Designing future dark energy space missions. I. Building realistic galaxy spectro-photometric catalogs and their first applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Jouvel; J.-P. Kneib; O. Ilbert; G. Bernstein; S. Arnouts; T. Dahlen; A. Ealet; B. Milliard; H. Aussel; P. Capak; A. Koekemoer; V. Le Brun; H. McCracken; M. Salvato; N. Scoville

    2009-01-01

    Context: Future dark energy space missions such as JDEM and EUCLID are being designed to survey the galaxy population to trace the geometry of the universe and the growth of structure, which both depend on the cosmological model. To reach the goal of high precision cosmology they need to evaluate the capabilities of different instrument designs based on realistic mock

  13. Hello Future FIG Student! Welcome to the Science of Design FIG! We hope you are enjoying your summer and spending

    E-print Network

    Oregon, University of

    Hello Future FIG Student! Welcome to the Science of Design FIG! We hope you are enjoying your are empowering, the relationships you will make with peers in your classes and in this FIG might be everlasting is Carly Celebrezze and I am your FIG Assistant for the Science of Design FIG. I am from Moscow, Idaho

  14. Approved Module Information for PD3001, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Specialist Design Project 3 (Future

    E-print Network

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    ) Programmes in which available: BSc Industrial Product Design. BSc Transport Product Design. BSc Product-life deadlines and the application of industry standard techniques and to develop and present design work Project Industry-standard Design & Manufacture Software Competency Module Assessment Methods of Assessment

  15. A guide to designing future ground-based cosmic microwave background experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, W. L. K.; Kuo, C. L. [Department of Physics, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Errard, J. [Computational Cosmology Center-Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Dvorkin, C. [Institute for Advanced Study, School of Natural Sciences, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Lee, A. T. [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); McDonald, P.; Zahn, O. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Slosar, A. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

    2014-06-20

    In this follow-up work to the high energy physics Community Summer Study 2013 (aka SNOWMASS), we explore the scientific capabilities of a future Stage IV cosmic microwave background polarization experiment under various assumptions on detector count, resolution, and sky coverage. We use the Fisher matrix technique to calculate the expected uncertainties of cosmological parameters in ??CDM that are especially relevant to the physics of fundamental interactions, including neutrino masses, effective number of relativistic species, dark energy equation of state, dark matter annihilation, and inflationary parameters. To further chart the landscape of future cosmology probes, we include forecasted results from the baryon acoustic oscillation signal as measured by Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument to constrain parameters that would benefit from low redshift information. We find the following best 1? constraints: ?(M {sub ?}) = 15 meV, ?(N {sub eff}) = 0.0156, dark energy figure of merit = 303, ?(p {sub ann}) = 0.00588 × 3 × 10{sup –26} cm{sup 3} s{sup –1} GeV{sup –1}, ?(? {sub K}) = 0.00074, ?(n{sub s} ) = 0.00110, ?(? {sub s}) = 0.00145, and ?(r) = 0.00009. We also detail the dependencies of the parameter constraints on detector count, resolution, and sky coverage.

  16. A Guide to Designing Future Ground-based Cosmic Microwave Background Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, W. L. K.; Errard, J.; Dvorkin, C.; Kuo, C. L.; Lee, A. T.; McDonald, P.; Slosar, A.; Zahn, O.

    2014-06-01

    In this follow-up work to the high energy physics Community Summer Study 2013 (aka SNOWMASS), we explore the scientific capabilities of a future Stage IV cosmic microwave background polarization experiment under various assumptions on detector count, resolution, and sky coverage. We use the Fisher matrix technique to calculate the expected uncertainties of cosmological parameters in ??CDM that are especially relevant to the physics of fundamental interactions, including neutrino masses, effective number of relativistic species, dark energy equation of state, dark matter annihilation, and inflationary parameters. To further chart the landscape of future cosmology probes, we include forecasted results from the baryon acoustic oscillation signal as measured by Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument to constrain parameters that would benefit from low redshift information. We find the following best 1? constraints: ?(M ?) = 15 meV, ?(N eff) = 0.0156, dark energy figure of merit = 303, ?(p ann) = 0.00588 × 3 × 10-26 cm3 s-1 GeV-1, ?(? K ) = 0.00074, ?(ns ) = 0.00110, ?(? s ) = 0.00145, and ?(r) = 0.00009. We also detail the dependencies of the parameter constraints on detector count, resolution, and sky coverage.

  17. Work

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Stern, David P. (David Peter), 1931-

    Authored and curated by David P. Stern, these web pages introduce the concept of work and its relation to energy. An example of electric work and energy using the example of a Van de Graaff Generator. These pages are part of "From Stargazers to Starships", an extensive web site that introduces topics in physics and astronomy using space exploration and space science. Translations are available in French and Spanish.

  18. Flexible workspace design and ergonomics training: impacts on the psychosocial work environment, musculoskeletal health, and work effectiveness among knowledge workers.

    PubMed

    Robertson, Michelle M; Huang, Yueng-Hsiang; O'Neill, Michael J; Schleifer, Lawrence M

    2008-07-01

    A macroergonomics intervention consisting of flexible workspace design and ergonomics training was conducted to examine the effects on psychosocial work environment, musculoskeletal health, and work effectiveness in a computer-based office setting. Knowledge workers were assigned to one of four conditions: flexible workspace (n=121), ergonomics training (n=92), flexible workspace+ergonomics training (n=31), and a no-intervention control (n=45). Outcome measures were collected 2 months prior to the intervention and 3 and 6 months post-intervention. Overall, the study results indicated positive, significant effects on the outcome variables for the two intervention groups compared to the control group, including work-related musculoskeletal discomfort, job control, environmental satisfaction, sense of community, ergonomic climate, communication and collaboration, and business process efficiency (time and costs). However, attrition of workers in the ergonomics training condition precluded an evaluation of the effects of this intervention. This study suggests that a macroergonomics intervention is effective among knowledge workers in office settings. PMID:18462704

  19. Molecular Entropy, Thermal Efficiency, and Designing of Working Fluids for Organic Rankine Cycles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jingtao; Zhang, Jin; Chen, Zhiyou

    2012-06-01

    A shortage of fossil energy sources boosts the utilization of renewable energy. Among numerous novel techniques, recovering energy from low-grade heat sources through power generation via organic Rankine cycles (ORCs) is one of the focuses. Properties of working fluids are crucial for the ORC's performance. Many studies have been done to select proper working fluids or to design new working fluids. However, no researcher has systematically investigated the relationship between molecular structures and thermal efficiencies of various working fluids for an ideal ORC. This paper has investigated the interrelations of molecular structures, molecular entropies, and thermal efficiencies of various working fluids for an ideal ORC. By calculating thermal efficiencies and molecular entropies, we find that the molecular entropy is the most appropriate thermophysical property of a working fluid to determine how much energy can be converted into work and how much cannot in a system. Generally speaking, working fluids with low entropies will generally have high thermal efficiency for an ideal ORC. Based on this understanding, the direct interrelations of molecular structures and entropies provide an explicit interrelation between molecular structures and thermal efficiencies, and thus provide an insightful direction for molecular design of novel working fluids for ORCs.

  20. Ground motion optimized orbit feedback design for the future linear collider

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pfingstner, J.; Snuverink, J.; Schulte, D.

    2013-03-01

    The future linear collider has strong stability requirements on the position of the beam along the accelerator and at the interaction point (IP). The beam position will be sensitive to dynamic imperfections in particular ground motion. A number of mitigation techniques have been proposed to be deployed in parallel: active and passive quadrupole stabilization and positioning as well as orbit and IP feedback. This paper presents a novel design of the orbit controller in the main linac and beam delivery system. One global feedback controller is proposed based on an SVD-controller (Singular Value Decomposition) that decouples the large multi-input multi-output system into many independent single-input single-output systems. A semi-automatic procedure is proposed for the controller design of the independent systems by exploiting numerical models of ground motion and measurement noise to minimize a target parameter, e.g. luminosity loss. The novel design for the orbit controller is studied for the case of the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) in integrated simulations, which include all proposed mitigation methods. The impact of the ground motion on the luminosity performance is examined in detail. It is shown that with the proposed orbit controller the tight luminosity budget for ground motion effects is fulfilled and accordingly, an essential feasibility issue of CLIC has been addressed. The orbit controller design is robust and allows for a relaxed BPM resolution, while still maintaining a strong ground motion suppression performance compared to traditional methods. We believe that the described method could easily be applied to other accelerators and light sources.

  1. Work domain analysis for enhancing collaborations: a study of the management of microsystems design.

    PubMed

    Durugbo, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Collaboration is an important process that enables organisations to achieve goals or solve problems and, in design processes, is an important factor for accomplishing interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary tasks. An understanding of the functional configuration of organisations could therefore offer a useful insight into collaborations of designers. This study makes use of work domain analysis (WDA) to analyse the management of design by organisations within the microsystems technology (MST) domain. The WDA considers the functional configuration of MST companies in terms of management constraints and boundaries. This study also makes use of the WDA to suggest ways of establishing collaborative design and enhancing collaboration between organisations. Practitioner Summary: The results of this methodical analysis offer useful insights for managing design functions. This study also presents recommendations for enhancing collaboration in organisations. The ability to manage and collaborate in design functions is valuable for improving the productivity, cost-effectiveness and time-to-market systems. PMID:22506645

  2. Visible planning on paper and on screen: The impact of working medium on decision-making by novice graphic designers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ALISON BLACK

    1990-01-01

    The paper describes the working method typically used by graphic designers when they plan documents. It considers how the interfaces of current desktop publishing systems often limit designers' working method; interfaces often fail to support the preparation and management of multiple drafts in a way that gives designers the visible feedback they need. Two questionnaire studies of novice designers planning

  3. NASA is pleased to release this summary of the agency's recent work on future human space exploration capabilities and missions, largely performed by our Human

    E-print Network

    human space exploration endeavor for the nation. The team's work helps provide a context for the nextNASA is pleased to release this summary of the agency's recent work on future human space exploration capabilities and missions, largely performed by our Human Exploration Framework Team (HEFT

  4. Generating design reference years from the UKCP09 projections and their application to future air-conditioning loads

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H Du; JS Edge

    2012-01-01

    A method is developed to generate future design reference year (DRY) data from the United Kingdom Climate Impact Programme's 2009 (UKCP09) climate change projections for a variety of future time horizons and carbon emission assumptions. The method selects three near-extreme summer months and three near-extreme winter months and weaves them into an existing test reference year (TRY). Risk levels associated

  5. Algorithm Design of CPCI Backboard's Interrupts Management Based on VxWorks' Multi-Tasks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jingyuan Cheng; Qi An; Junfeng Yang

    2006-01-01

    This paper begins with a brief introduction of the embedded real-time operating system VxWorks and CompactPCI standard, then gives the programming interfaces of Peripheral Controller Interface (PCI) configuring, interrupts handling and multi-tasks programming interface under VxWorks, and then emphasis is placed on the software frameworks of CPCI interrupt management based on multi-tasks. This method is sound in design and easy

  6. Conceptual design statement of work for the immobilized low-activity waste interim storage facility project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-01-01

    The Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Interim Storage subproject will provide storage capacity for immobilized low-activity waste product sold to the U.S. Department of Energy by the privatization contractor. This statement of work describes the work scope (encompassing definition of new installations and retrofit modifications to four existing grout vaults), to be performed by the Architect-Engineer, in preparation of a conceptual design

  7. Action-oriented use of ergonomic checkpoints for healthy work design in different settings.

    PubMed

    Kogi, Kazutaka

    2007-12-01

    Recent experiences in the action-oriented use of ergonomic checkpoints in different work settings are reviewed. The purpose is to know what features are useful for healthy work design adjusted to each local situation. Based on the review results, common features of ergonomic checkpoints used in participatory training programs for improving workplace conditions in small enterprises, construction sites, home work and agriculture in industrially developing countries in Asia are discussed. These checkpoints generally compile practical improvement options in a broad range of technical areas, such as materials handling, workstation design, physical environment and work organization. Usually, "action checklists" comprising the tiles of the checkpoints are used together. A clear focus is placed on readily applicable low-cost options. Three common features of these various checkpoints appear to be important. First, the checkpoints represent typical good practices in multiple areas. Second, each how-to section of these checkpoints presents simple improvements reflecting basic ergonomic principles. Examples of these principles include easy reach, fewer and faster transport, elbow-level work, coded displays, isolated or screened hazards and shared teamwork. Third, the illustrated checkpoints accompanied by corresponding checklists are used as group work tools in short-term training courses. Many practical improvements achieved are displayed in websites for inter-country work improvement networks. It is suggested to promote the use of locally adjusted checkpoints in various forms of participatory action-oriented training in small-scale workplaces and in agriculture particularly in industrially developing countries. PMID:18572793

  8. A simulation model to design a supply vessel fleet for Petrobras offshore works

    SciTech Connect

    Botter, R.C.; Souza, R.L. de; Borges, M.J.A. [Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil). Naval and Ocean Engineering Dept.

    1998-12-31

    This work presents an operational model to design offshore vessels fleet that are responsible for the delivery of supplies to ocean platforms. All stochastic factors of the real problem are considered and the ARENA software is used, including templates and animation features, which helps the understanding of system`s behavior.

  9. A Design Approach for Agents in Distributed Work and Learning Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steinar Dragsnes; Weiqin Chen; Rune Baggetun

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents an approach for designing facilitators as interface agents in collaborative learning and work environments. As some researchers already have commented, too little effort has been focused on researching human agent interaction, and how presentation techniques can be developed to mediate agent output more successfully (Dickinson, 1998). A lot of research has been done in the field of

  10. Ergonomics action research II: a framework for integrating HF into work system design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. P. Neumann; J. Village

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a conceptual framework that can support efforts to integrate human factors (HF) into the work system design process, where improved and cost-effective application of HF is possible. The framework advocates strategies of broad stakeholder participation, linking of performance and health goals, and process focussed change tools that can help practitioners engage in improvements to embed HF into

  11. Social TV as Supple Interface In this paper we present our recent work on the design

    E-print Network

    Höök, Kristina

    in to the news and is presented a screen with the TV news as well as on the right side of the screen a videoSocial TV as Supple Interface Abstract In this paper we present our recent work on the design and implementation of technology for group TV watching and suggest a general discussion of Social TV systems

  12. Advanced binary geothermal power plants working fluid property determination and heat exchanger design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. J. Bliem; G. L. Mines

    1989-01-01

    The performance of binary geothermal power plants can be improved through the proper choice of a working fluid, and optimization of component designs and operating conditions. This paper reviews the investigations at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) which are examining binary cycle performance improvements for moderate temperature (350 to 400 F) resources with emphasis on how the improvements may

  13. Determining Wheel-Soil Interaction Loads Using a Meshfree Finite Element Approach Assisting Future Missions with Rover Wheel Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Contreras, Michael T.; Peng, Chia-Yen; Wang, Dongdong; Chen, Jiun-Shyan

    2012-01-01

    A wheel experiencing sinkage and slippage events poses a high risk to rover missions as evidenced by recent mobility challenges on the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) project. Because several factors contribute to wheel sinkage and slippage conditions such as soil composition, large deformation soil behavior, wheel geometry, nonlinear contact forces, terrain irregularity, etc., there are significant benefits to modeling these events to a sufficient degree of complexity. For the purposes of modeling wheel sinkage and slippage at an engineering scale, meshfree finite element approaches enable simulations that capture sufficient detail of wheel-soil interaction while remaining computationally feasible. This study demonstrates some of the large deformation modeling capability of meshfree methods and the realistic solutions obtained by accounting for the soil material properties. A benchmark wheel-soil interaction problem is developed and analyzed using a specific class of meshfree methods called Reproducing Kernel Particle Method (RKPM). The benchmark problem is also analyzed using a commercially available finite element approach with Lagrangian meshing for comparison. RKPM results are comparable to classical pressure-sinkage terramechanics relationships proposed by Bekker-Wong. Pending experimental calibration by future work, the meshfree modeling technique will be a viable simulation tool for trade studies assisting rover wheel design.

  14. Classification and designation systems for materials: A report on the present situation, an inventory of the systems in use, and comments on the future possibilities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynard, Keith W.

    1996-01-01

    The different systems that are in use for the major classes of engineering materials are summarized. The work was carried out within the scope of the Versailles project on advanced materials and standards (VAMAS). An inventory of national and international standards that give specifications for the materials and international standards are included. Comments on the increasing knowledge of, and the increasing demand for, data concerning the materials performance are included. Recommendations for future activities in the standardization of classification and designation systems are given.

  15. Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume III. Technical Papers on the Future of the Food Service Industry. Service Management Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

    This third and final volume of a study on the future of the food service industry contains the technical papers on which the information in the previous two volumes was based. The papers were written by various members of the Pennsylvania State University departments of economics, food science, nutrition, social psychology, and engineering and by…

  16. The Design of Large-Scale Complex Engineered Systems: Present Challenges and Future Promise

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bloebaum, Christina L.; McGowan, Anna-Maria Rivas

    2012-01-01

    Model-Based Systems Engineering techniques are used in the SE community to address the need for managing the development of complex systems. A key feature of the MBSE approach is the use of a model to capture the requirements, architecture, behavior, operating environment and other key aspects of the system. The focus on the model differentiates MBSE from traditional SE techniques that may have a document centric approach. In an effort to assess the benefit of utilizing MBSE on its flight projects, NASA Langley has implemented a pilot program to apply MBSE techniques during the early phase of the Materials International Space Station Experiment-X (MISSE-X). MISSE-X is a Technology Demonstration Mission being developed by the NASA Office of the Chief Technologist i . Designed to be installed on the exterior of the International Space Station (ISS), MISSE-X will host experiments that advance the technology readiness of materials and devices needed for future space exploration. As a follow-on to the highly successful series of previous MISSE experiments on ISS, MISSE-X benefits from a significant interest by the

  17. Designing Future Dark Energy Space Mission: I. Building Realistic Galaxy Spectro-Photometric Catalogs and their first applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Jouvel; J. P. Kneib; O. Ilbert; G. Bernstein; S. Arnouts; T. Dahlen; A. Ealet; B. Milliard; H. Aussel; P. Capak; A. Koekemoer; V. Le Brun; H. McCracken; M. Salvato; N. Scoville

    2009-01-01

    Future dark energy space missions such as JDEM and EUCLID are being designed\\u000ato survey the galaxy population to trace the geometry of the universe and the\\u000agrowth of structure, which both depend on the cosmological model. To reach the\\u000agoal of high precision cosmology they need to evaluate the capabilities of\\u000adifferent instrument designs based on realistic mock catalog.

  18. Anticipatory ethics for a future Internet: analyzing values during the design of an Internet infrastructure.

    PubMed

    Shilton, Katie

    2015-02-01

    The technical details of Internet architecture affect social debates about privacy and autonomy, intellectual property, cybersecurity, and the basic performance and reliability of Internet services. This paper explores one method for practicing anticipatory ethics in order to understand how a new infrastructure for the Internet might impact these social debates. This paper systematically examines values expressed by an Internet architecture engineering team-the Named Data Networking project-based on data gathered from publications and internal documents. Networking engineers making technical choices also weigh non-technical values when working on Internet infrastructure. Analysis of the team's documents reveals both values invoked in response to technical constraints and possibilities, such as efficiency and dynamism, as well as values, including privacy, security and anonymity, which stem from a concern for personal liberties. More peripheral communitarian values espoused by the engineers include democratization and trust. The paper considers the contextual and social origins of these values, and then uses them as a method of practicing anticipatory ethics: considering the impact such priorities may have on a future Internet. PMID:24407888

  19. 75 FR 67364 - Decision To Evaluate a Petition To Designate a Class of Employees From Clinton Engineering Works...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-02

    ...Designate a Class of Employees From Clinton Engineering Works in Oak Ridge, TN, To Be Included...designate a class of employees from Clinton Engineering Works in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to...is as follows: Facility: Clinton Engineering Works. Location: Oak Ridge,...

  20. Lessons from Tarceva in pancreatic cancer: where are we now, and how should future trials be designed in pancreatic cancer ?

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Lessons from Tarceva in pancreatic cancer: where are we now, and how should future trials be designed in pancreatic cancer ? Pierre Laurent-Puig1 ,2, 3, 4 Julien Taieb1,3 1 Université Paris Descartes of review: The recent advances in the use of targeted therapy in pancreatic cancer are based

  1. Impact of Nano-scale Through-Silicon Vias on the Quality of Today and Future 3D IC Designs

    E-print Network

    Lim, Sung Kyu

    Impact of Nano-scale Through-Silicon Vias on the Quality of Today and Future 3D IC Designs Dae Hyun sub-micron dimensions in a few years. This downscaling of TSVs requires research on the impact of nano. In this paper, we investigate, for the first time, the impact of nano-scale TSVs on the area, wirelength, delay

  2. Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume II. Centralized Food Service Systems. Service Management Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

    Volume II of a three-volume study on the future of the food service industry considers the effects that centralized food production will have on the future of food production systems. Based on information from the Fair Acres Project and the Michigan State University Vegetable Processing Center, the authors describe the operations of a centralized…

  3. Algorithm Design of CPCI Backboard's Interrupts Management Based on VxWorks' Multi-Tasks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Jingyuan; An, Qi; Yang, Junfeng

    2006-09-01

    This paper begins with a brief introduction of the embedded real-time operating system VxWorks and CompactPCI standard, then gives the programming interfaces of Peripheral Controller Interface (PCI) configuring, interrupts handling and multi-tasks programming interface under VxWorks, and then emphasis is placed on the software frameworks of CPCI interrupt management based on multi-tasks. This method is sound in design and easy to adapt, ensures that all possible interrupts are handled in time, which makes it suitable for data acquisition systems with multi-channels, a high data rate, and hard real-time high energy physics.

  4. Cognitive work analysis and the analysis, design, and evaluation of human-computer interactive systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Penelope Sanderson

    1998-01-01

    This paper provides a short conceptual and visual introduction to some of the basic principles of cognitive work analysis (CWA). CWA is an approach to the analysis, design, and evaluation of human-computer interactive systems-particularly of complex, high-technology sociotechnical systems. The paper also introduces the following five symposium papers, which provide detailed examples of CWA being used in research at the

  5. Airborne remote sensors applied to engineering geology and civil works design investigations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gelnett, R. H.

    1975-01-01

    The usefulness of various airborne remote sensing systems in the detection and identification of regional and specific geologic structural features that may affect the design and location of engineering structures on major civil works projects is evaluated. The Butler Valley Dam and Blue Lake Project in northern California was selected as a demonstration site. Findings derived from the interpretation of various kinds of imagery used are given.

  6. Design and implementation of control system software based on VxWorks multi-tasks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhen Zhang; Yan Li

    2010-01-01

    This article first introduces an embedded real-time operating system VxWorks and its multi-tasks mechanism. Combining the requirements of the control system which needs to complete the engineering tasks and multi-task, real-time, it gives serial port driver and design of application layer. It proposes a multiple-task model and a method of task-scheduling. It also offers the detailed artifice of measurement under

  7. The Design of Dual Work Function CMOS Transistors and Circuits Using Silicon Nanowire Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmet Bindal; Adithya Naresh; Pearl Yuan; Kim K. Nguyen; Sotoudeh Hamedi-Hagh

    2007-01-01

    This exploratory study on vertical, undoped silicon nanowire transistors shows less power dissipation with respect to the bulk and SOI MOS transistors while yielding comparable performance. The design cycle starts with determining individual metal gate work functions for each nMOS and pMOS transistor as a function of wire radius to produce a 300 mV threshold voltage. Wire radius and effective

  8. Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Jefferson County Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darfler, Anne; Riggan, Matt

    2013-01-01

    This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to…

  9. Present Situation and Future Trends in Modelling of Machining Operations Progress Report of the CIRP Working Group ‘Modelling of Machining Operations’

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. A. van Luttervelt; T. H. C. Childs; I. S. Jawahir; F. Klocke; P. K. Venuvinod; Y. Altintas; E. Armarego; D. Dornfeld; I. Grabec; J. Leopold; B. Lindstrom; D. Lucca; T. Obikawa; Shirakashi; H. Sato

    1998-01-01

    In 1995 CIRP STC “Cutting” started a working group “Modelling of Machining Operations” with the aim of stimulating the development of models capable of predicting quantitatively the performance of metal cutting operations which will be better adapted to the needs of the metal cutting industry in the future. This paper has the character of a progress report. It presents the

  10. Why Social Work, and What Does the Future Hold?: The Narratives of Recently Graduated Hispanic and African-American Male BSW and MSW Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warde, Bryan

    2009-01-01

    Employing a focus group interview, this exploratory study investigated the influences on the social work career choice of recently graduated (spring 2007) Hispanic and African-American male BSW and MSW students (N = 7). Also investigated were the views of these men regarding entering a female majority profession and their future in the profession.…

  11. Society for Range Management and Weed Science Society of America, "Working landscapes providing for the future", February 711 2010, Denver, Colorado. p56 [invited].

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Society for Range Management and Weed Science Society of America, "Working landscapes providing for the future", February 711 2010, Denver, Colorado. p56 [invited]. Lisa J. Rew Prioritizing weed of weed populations became easier with the advent of global positioning systems (GPS) but the science

  12. Conclusions and future work We have shown that, in general, the fixed points of CD differ from those of ML, and thus CD is

    E-print Network

    Carreira-Perpiñán, Miguel Á.

    local optima of ML and CD. We try to characterise the set of all optima of ML and CD for a RBM(6, 4Conclusions and future work We have shown that, in general, the fixed points of CD differ from those of ML, and thus CD is a biased algorithm. However, our empirical results show the bias

  13. Design and analysis of compact work-recovery phase shifter for pulse tube refrigerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ki, Taekyung; Jeong, Sangkwon

    2012-02-01

    This paper proposes and describes a compact work-recovery phase shifter of a pulse tube refrigerator. Most pulse tube refrigerators recently developed utilize a long inertance tube and a reservoir for phase control between dynamic pressure and mass flow rate at the cold-end of pulse tube refrigerators. An inertance tube-type phase shifter (long inertance tube and reservoir), however, sometimes creates a problem of compact packaging in cryocooler applications and dissipates the work transferred from a compressor as heat. To overcome this disadvantage, an inertance tube-type phase shifter is replaced with a compact work-recovery phase shifter composed of a mass-spring-damper system and a linear generator in a pulse tube refrigerator. This process is achieved by using analogy of the inertance tube-type phase shifter and the mass-spring-damper system. This paper describes a specific configuration of the designed compact work-recovery phase shifter. Using the simulation code, the performance of the pulse tube refrigerator with the compact work-recovery phase shifter is estimated. As a result, the pulse tube refrigerator with the compact work-recovery phase shifter has the comparable cooling capacity with the pulse tube refrigerator with the inertance tube-type phase shifter. If the recovery work is properly utilized, it can also achieve higher efficiency than that of the pulse tube refrigerator with a typical inertance tube-type phase shifter. In this paper, the parametric study of the mass, the spring and damper coefficients of the compact work-recovery phase shifter has been done and their effects are specifically evaluated.

  14. The design, results and future development of the National Energy Strategy Environmental Analysis Model (NESEAM)

    SciTech Connect

    Fisher, R.E.; Boyd, G.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Breed, W.S. (USDOE Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety, and Health, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Environmental Analysis)

    1991-01-01

    The National Energy Strategy Environmental Model (NESEAM) has been developed to project emissions for the National Energy Strategy (NES). Two scenarios were evaluated for the NES, a Current Policy Base Case and a NES Action Case. The results from the NES Actions Case project much lower emissions than the Current Policy Base Case. Future enhancements to NESEAM will focus on fuel cycle analysis, including future technologies and additional pollutants to model. NESEAM's flexibility will allow it to model other future legislative issues. 7 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. American Professional Sport Facilities: Considerations for the Future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chad Seifried; Dave Shonk

    2007-01-01

    This work reveals American professional sport facilities impose staggering financial and spatial costs on the surrounding communities and suggests three areas future professional sport facility designers should consider before partaking in future renovations or new construction opportunities. The three areas include reducing the size, considering the environment, and embracing interaction and telecommunication technology. This work supports future American professional sport

  16. MAJIS, the Moons And Jupiter Imaging Spectrometer, designed for the future ESA/JUICE mission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Piccioni, Giuseppe; Langevin, Yves; Filacchione, Gianrico; Poulet, Francois; Tosi, Federico; Eng, Pascal; Dumesnil, Cydalise; Zambelli, Massimo; Saggin, Bortolino; Fonti, Sergio; Grassi, Davide; Altieri, Francesca

    2014-05-01

    The Moons And Jupiter Imaging Spectrometer (MAJIS) is the VIS-IR spectral mapper selected for JUICE (Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer), the first Large-class mission in the ESA Cosmic Vision Programme. Scheduled for a launch in 2022, JUICE will perform a comprehensive exploration of the Jovian system thanks to several flybys of Callisto, Ganymede and Europa, before finally entering orbit around Ganymede. During these phases, MAJIS will acquire hyperspectral data necessary to unveil and map the surface composition of different geologic units of the satellites. Transfers between successive satellites' flybys shall be devoted to remote observations of Jupiter's atmosphere and auroras. MAJIS' instrument design relies on a 75 mm pupil, f/3.2 aperture TMA telescope matching two Czerny-Turner imaging spectrometers. A dichroic element is used to split the beam between the two spectral channels. The VIS-NIR spectral channel covers the 0.4-1.9 ?m range with a sampling of 2.3 nm/band. The IR channel works in the 1.5-5.7 ?m range with a 6.6 nm/band sampling. The entire optical structure is passively cooled at cryogenic temperature

  17. Future Carbon Regulations and Current Investments in Alternative Coal-Fired Power Plant Designs

    E-print Network

    Sekar, Ram C.

    This paper assesses the role of uncertainty over future U.S. carbon regulations in shaping the current choice of which type of power plant to build. The pulverized coal technology (PC) still offer the lowest cost power— ...

  18. Nuclear Thermal Rocket/vehicle design options for future NASA missions to the Moon and Mars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borowski, Stanley K.; Corban, Robert R.; McGuire, Melissa L.; Beke, Erik G.

    1995-09-01

    The nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) provides a unique propulsion capability to planners/designers of future human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. In addition to its high specific impulse (approximately 850-1000 s) and engine thrust-to-weight ratio (approximately 3-10), the NTR can also be configured as a 'dual mode' system capable of generating electrical power for spacecraft environmental systems, communications, and enhanced stage operations (e.g., refrigeration for long-term liquid hydrogen storage). At present the Nuclear Propulsion Office (NPO) is examining a variety of mission applications for the NTR ranging from an expendable, single-burn, trans-lunar injection (TLI) stage for NASA's First Lunar Outpost (FLO) mission to all propulsive, multiburn, NTR-powered spacecraft supporting a 'split cargo-piloted sprint' Mars mission architecture. Each application results in a particular set of requirements in areas such as the number of engines and their respective thrust levels, restart capability, fuel operating temperature and lifetime, cryofluid storage, and stage size. Two solid core NTR concepts are examined -- one based on NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) derivative reactor (NDR) technology, and a second concept which utilizes a ternary carbide 'twisted ribbon' fuel form developed by the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The NDR and CIS concepts have an established technology database involving significant nuclear testing at or near representative operating conditions. Integrated systems and mission studies indicate that clusters of two to four 15 to 25 klbf NDR or CIS engines are sufficient for most of the lunar and Mars mission scenarios currently under consideration. This paper provides descriptions and performance characteristics for the NDR and CIS concepts, summarizes NASA's First Lunar Outpost and Mars mission scenarios, and describes characteristics for representative cargo and piloted vehicles compatible with a reference 240 t-class heavy lift launch vehicle (HLLV) and smaller 120 t HLLV option. Attractive performance characteristics and high-leverage technologies associated with both the engine and stage are identified, and supporting parametric sensitivity data is provided. The potential for commonality of engine and stage components to satisfy a broad range of lunar and Mars missions is also discussed.

  19. Advanced fiber optic networks using optical processing for future commercial aircrafts: multiple-access techniques and new hardware design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jian-Guo Zhang

    1993-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the use of the advanced fiber optic multiple-access networks in future high-performance commercial aircrafts to support real time on-board flight control, sensing, voice communications, and TV distributions. Novel tunable optical code division multiple-access (OCDMA) networks using prime-code sequences are designed, which can be quickly programmed to generate the required OCDMA sequences. Using the newly proposed

  20. NASA Now: Engineering Design: Tilt Rotors, Aircraft of the Future - Duration: 6 minutes, 9 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    Meet Carl Russell, a research aerospace engineer who is working on developing new innovations for air travel. Russell discusses how tilt rotors work, including a demonstration on how rotors use Ber...

  1. Experience of landscape: understanding responses to landscape design and exploring demands for the future 

    E-print Network

    Ward Thompson, Catharine Joan

    2010-11-26

    The research that forms this thesis is a portfolio of seven published papers together with a critical review, set out below, which gives a general overview of all the work. The work covers a period from the 1990s until ...

  2. Associations between Peer Victimization, Fear of Future Victimization and Disrupted Concentration on Class Work among Junior School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulton, Michael J.; Trueman, Mark; Murray, Lindsay

    2008-01-01

    Background: Studies have shown that peer victimization is associated with psychological maladjustment, and have implicated such maladjustment in disrupted ability to concentrate. Aims: To investigate the levels of, and associations between, physical, verbal, and social exclusion victimization, fear of future victimization, and disrupted classroom…

  3. Version 3 June 25, 1996 for Handbook of Evolutionary Computation. Future Work and Practical Applications of Genetic Programming

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Applications of Genetic Programming John R. Koza Computer Science Department Stanford University 258 Gates@CS.Stanford.Edu WWW ADDRESS: http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~koza/ ABSTRACT Genetic programming is a relatively avenues for possible future research on genetic programming, opportunities to extend the technique

  4. The Impact of the Micro-Electronics Revolution in Library and Information Work: An Analysis of Future Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magalhaes, Rodrigo

    1983-01-01

    Analyzes socioeconomic environment of libraries for the next 10 to 20 years and indicates how forecasts are likely to change traditional professional activities. A review of librarianship and information science literature on future of information profession is included and main trends of thought are identified. Twenty-two references are listed.…

  5. The Future of Low-Wage Jobs: Case Studies in the Retail Industry. IEE Working Paper No. 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernhardt, Annette

    The future of low-wage jobs is examined through a case study of firm restructuring in the retail industry. The study confirms that the retailing sector has come to be dominated by the Wal-Mart model, which emphasizes an efficient technology-driven inventory management system and a human resource approach that includes the following elements:…

  6. Skills You Will Need for the Future--No Matter What Your Job or Where You Work. ICPAC Information Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana Career and Postsecondary Advancement Center, Bloomington.

    This paper lists the basic or foundation skills that future citizens must have, according to the Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills: communications skills, mathematical skills, problem-solving and decision-making skills, and personal traits such as responsibility, self-esteem, and self-management. It then shows how these skills…

  7. Why the Future Doesn't Come from Machines: Unfounded Prophecies and the Design of Naturoids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negrotti, Massimo

    2008-01-01

    Technological imagination and actual technological achievements have always been two very different things. Sudden and unpredictable events always seem to intervene between our visions regarding possible futures and the subsequent concrete realizations. Thus, our ideas and projects are continually being redirected. In the field of…

  8. Preparing Future Teachers to Design and Implement Outdoor Learning through a Community Education Project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth Blaine; David Lehmann

    Preparing undergraduate students for a career in earth and space science education (ESSE) involves years of education courses with corresponding classroom practicum. However, experiences preparing future teachers in outdoor learning are equally important. The benefits of outdoor learning are irreplaceable with any other form of teaching: students take an active part in their learning through experiencing and discovering for themselves

  9. An Introduction to Socio-technical System Design Part V: The Future of Computing

    E-print Network

    Whitworth, Brian

    Technology utopianism is the belief that technology alone creates the future. It is popular in fiction, e and Adnan Ahmad 3 strangely silent. The technology exists already, so why aren't our cars talking to us...........................................................................................................................2 5.1 Technology utopianism

  10. Designing future dark energy space missions. II. Photometric redshift of space weak lensing optimized surveys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Jouvel; J.-P. Kneib; G. Bernstein; O. Ilbert; P. Jelinsky; B. Milliard; A. Ealet; C. Schimd; T. Dahlen; S. Arnouts

    2011-01-01

    Context. With the discovery of the accelerated expansion of the universe, different observational probes have been proposed to investigate the presence of dark energy, including possible modifications to the gravitation laws by accurately measuring the expansion of the Universe and the growth of structures. We need to optimize the return from future dark energy surveys to obtain the best results

  11. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 4th Quarter 20062 he trend in designing future global communication net-

    E-print Network

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    in the future global communication infra- structure [1­3]. First-generation satellite-based communica- tion these requirements, a new generation of satel- lite communications (SATCOM) networks, called broadband satelliteStar) are exam- ples of this generation of satellite communication networks [1]. These satellite communication

  12. Development of Advanced Technologies to Reduce Design, Fabrication and Construction Costs for Future Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect

    Camillo A. DiNunzio Framatome ANP DE& S; Dr. Abhinav Gupta Assistant Professor NCSU; Dr. Michael Golay Professor MIT Dr. Vincent Luk Sandia National Laboratories; Rich Turk Westinghouse Electric Company Nuclear Systems; Charles Morrow, Sandia National Laboratories; Geum-Taek Jin, Korea Power Engineering Company Inc.

    2002-11-30

    OAK-B135 This report presents a summation of the third and final year of a three-year investigation into methods and technologies for substantially reducing the capital costs and total schedule for future nuclear plants. In addition, this is the final technical report for the three-year period of studies.

  13. Biological Mechanisms Underlying the Relationship between Stress and Smoking: State of the Science and Directions for Future Work

    PubMed Central

    Richards, Jessica; Stipelman, Brooke A.; Bornovalova, Marina A.; Daughters, Stacey; Sinha, Rajita; Lejuez, C.W.

    2011-01-01

    Theories of addiction implicate stress as a crucial mechanism underlying initiation, maintenance, and relapse to cigarette smoking. Examinations of the biological stress systems, including functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the autonomic nervous system (ANS), have provided additional insights into the relationship between stress and smoking. To date, convergent data suggests that chronic cigarette smoking is associated with alterations in HPA and ANS functioning; however, less is known about the role of HPA and ANS functioning in smoking initiation and relapse following cessation. In order to organize existing findings and stimulate future research, the current paper summarizes the available literature on the roles of HPA axis and ANS functioning in the relationship between stress and cigarette smoking, highlights limitations within the existing literature, and suggests directions for future research to address unanswered questions in the extant literature on the biological mechanisms underlying the relationship between stress and smoking. PMID:21741435

  14. Motivation Approach Hybrid Linear Logic Example Formal Proofs Comparison with Model Checking Future Work A Logical Framework for Systems Biology

    E-print Network

    Despeyroux, Joëlle

    Work A Logical Framework for Systems Biology Jo¨elle Despeyroux joint work with Elisabetta de Maria for constrained transition systems. A logical framework for systems biology. #12;Motivation Approach Hybrid Approach 3 Hybrid Linear Logic HyLL Definitions for Biology 4 Example Example Informal Proofs 5 Formal

  15. The Pathway Program: How a Collaborative, Distributed Learning Program Showed Us the Future of Social Work Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Teresa; Mathias, Christine; Swartz, Ronnie; Jones, Celeste A; Klungtvet-Morano, Meka

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes a three-campus collaborative, distributed learning program that delivers social work education to remote rural and desert communities in California via distance learning modalities. This "Pathway Program" provides accredited social work education for a career ladder beginning with advising and developing an academic…

  16. Exploration and assessment of the environmental design space for commercial aircraft and future technologies

    E-print Network

    Barter, Garrett E. (Garrett Ehud), 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Design and regulatory initiatives for aircraft noise and emissions should appreciate the integrated nature of the aircraft system. The computational ability exists to consider environmental and traditional performance ...

  17. Summary Report of the Series of Joint NSF-EU Working Groups on Future Directions for Digital Libraries Research: October 12, 1998

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    The European Union and the National Science Foundation have been collaborating on a joint international project to identify future research directions and funding priorities for digital libraries. Five working groups were established to explore specific research areas: Intellectual Property and Economics, Global Resource Discovery, Interoperability, Metadata, and Multilingual Information Access. At their most recent workshop in October 1998, the five working groups presented recommendations based on their studies, the results of which are outlined in this Summary Report (available in HTML, Word, and .pdf). The final reports from each of the five working groups are expected to be published in early 1999. The collaborative work on digital libraries by the National Science Foundation and the European Union is described briefly in the Summary of Research Agenda. Also included here are links to European digital library research and initiatives.

  18. Design of Two RadWorks Storm Shelters for Solar Particle Event Shielding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Simon, Matthew; Cerro, Jeffery; Latorella, Kara; Clowdsley, Martha; Watson, Judith; Albertson, Cindy; Norman, Ryan; Le Boffe, Vincent; Walker, Steven

    2014-01-01

    In order to enable long-duration human exploration beyond low-Earth orbit, the risks associated with exposure of astronaut crews to space radiation must be mitigated with practical and affordable solutions. The space radiation environment beyond the magnetosphere is primarily a combination of two types of radiation: galactic cosmic rays (GCR) and solar particle events (SPE). While mitigating GCR exposure remains an open issue, reducing astronaut exposure to SPEs is achievable through material shielding because they are made up primarily of medium-energy protons. In order to ensure astronaut safety for long durations beyond low-Earth orbit, SPE radiation exposure must be mitigated. However, the increasingly demanding spacecraft propulsive performance for these ambitious missions requires minimal mass and volume radiation shielding solutions which leverage available multi-functional habitat structures and logistics as much as possible. This paper describes the efforts of NASA's RadWorks Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Project to design two minimal mass SPE radiation shelter concepts leveraging available resources: one based upon reconfiguring habitat interiors to create a centralized protection area and one based upon augmenting individual crew quarters with waterwalls and logistics. Discussion items include the design features of the concepts, a radiation analysis of their implementations, an assessment of the parasitic mass of each concept, and the result of a human in the loop evaluation performed to drive out design and operational issues.

  19. The Brownies' Book (1920-1921): Exploring the Past to Elucidate the Future of Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Patricia A.

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates culture-based instructional design in its purest form through "The Brownies' Book", a children's periodical produced from 1920 to 1921. Methodologies of examination include historical analysis and critical discourse analysis grounded in a Foucaultian framework. The findings extrapolated from the design of "The Brownies'…

  20. Current and future use of systems analysis in water distribution network design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. C. Goulter

    1987-01-01

    Computer use in the design of water distribution networks was inititated through the use of network analysis techniques to determine system performance in terms of heads and flows. The last fifteen years, however, have seen the introduction of systems analysis optimization techniques to the range of computer models available for network design purposes. These optimization models differ markedly from the

  1. Libraries with a Future: How Are Academic Library Usage and Green Demands Changing Building Designs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loder, Michael Wescott

    2010-01-01

    Support for the modular system of building construction, touted in the second half of the 20th century as the best basis for academic library building design, appears to be waning. A study of "green" libraries in 2008 revealed that not only has energy conservation become important, but that spaces designed for users rather than books…

  2. Quantifying the mechanical properties of human skin to optimise future microneedle device design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. B. Groves; S. A. Coulman; J. C. Birchall; S. L. Evans

    2011-01-01

    Microneedle devices are a promising minimally invasive means of delivering drugs\\/vaccines across or into the skin. However, there is currently a diversity of microneedle designs and application methods that have, primarily, been intuitively developed by the research community. To enable the rational design of optimised microneedle devices, a greater understanding of human skin biomechanics under small deformations is required. This

  3. Quantifying the mechanical properties of human skin to optimise future microneedle device design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. B. Groves; S. A. Coulman; J. C. Birchall; S. L. Evans

    2012-01-01

    Microneedle devices are a promising minimally invasive means of delivering drugs\\/vaccines across or into the skin. However, there is currently a diversity of microneedle designs and application methods that have, primarily, been intuitively developed by the research community. To enable the rational design of optimised microneedle devices, a greater understanding of human skin biomechanics under small deformations is required. This

  4. Designs that Fly: What the History of Aeronautics Tells Us about the Future of Design-Based Research in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neill, D. Kevin

    2012-01-01

    For almost two decades, there has been growing interest in what design-based research (DBR) can contribute to both educational practice and theory. Since its introduction into the literature, this orientation to educational research has repeatedly been likened to aeronautical engineering as a way to clarify its nature and argue its potential. This…

  5. Future Directions: Advances and Implications of Virtual Environments Designed for Pain Management

    PubMed Central

    Soomro, Ahmad; Riva, Giuseppe; Wiederhold, Mark D.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Pain symptoms have been addressed with a variety of therapeutic measures in the past, but as we look to the future, we begin encountering new options for patient care and individual health and well-being. Recent studies indicate that computer-generated graphic environments—virtual reality (VR)—can offer effective cognitive distractions for individuals suffering from pain arising from a variety of physical and psychological illnesses. Studies also indicate the effectiveness of VR for both chronic and acute pain conditions. Future possibilities for VR to address pain-related concerns include such diverse groups as military personnel, space exploration teams, the general labor force, and our ever increasing elderly population. VR also shows promise to help in such areas as drug abuse, at-home treatments, and athletic injuries. PMID:24892206

  6. Future directions: advances and implications of virtual environments designed for pain management.

    PubMed

    Wiederhold, Brenda K; Soomro, Ahmad; Riva, Giuseppe; Wiederhold, Mark D

    2014-06-01

    Pain symptoms have been addressed with a variety of therapeutic measures in the past, but as we look to the future, we begin encountering new options for patient care and individual health and well-being. Recent studies indicate that computer-generated graphic environments--virtual reality (VR)--can offer effective cognitive distractions for individuals suffering from pain arising from a variety of physical and psychological illnesses. Studies also indicate the effectiveness of VR for both chronic and acute pain conditions. Future possibilities for VR to address pain-related concerns include such diverse groups as military personnel, space exploration teams, the general labor force, and our ever increasing elderly population. VR also shows promise to help in such areas as drug abuse, at-home treatments, and athletic injuries. PMID:24892206

  7. A Teaching System Design Based on Website of Course Theory and Practice of Futures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shan Zhao

    \\u000a In the 21st century online distance and open education has broken the concept of traditional education system, in which the\\u000a hybrid teaching system based on website blending diversified interactive multimedia course resources with network can comply\\u000a with the requirements of new times and has been playing a more and more important role.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a The features of futures determine that the course

  8. Can We Secure Future-Responsive Management Through Systems Thinking and Design?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WERNER ULRICH

    1994-01-01

    Future-responsive management raises far-reaching cognitive and methodological difficulties. This essay in honor of C.W. Churchman, former management scientist and research philosopher at the University of California, Berkeley, analyzes some of these difficulties in the light of Churchman's systems thinking about planning and management. Although systems thinking cannot make the difficulties in question disappear, it can help us to better understand

  9. Issues Related to the Design of a Time Triggered CAN System for Future Intelligent Vehicles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Syed Masud Mahmud

    The demand for drive-by-wire, telematics, entertainment, multimedia, pre-crash warning, hit avoidance, remote diagnostic, software update, etc. will significantly increase the complexity of the future commercial and military in-vehicle communication networks. New types of communication networks will also be necessary to satisfy the requirements of safety and fuel efficiency, and meet the demand for new features. Different sets of vehicle electronic

  10. The Design of an Autonomic Communication Element to Manage Future Internet Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Strassner; Sung-su Kim; James Won-ki Hong

    2009-01-01

    Future Internet services will have vastly different requirements than the current Internet. Manageability, which has been\\u000a largely ignored, will have the dual role of controlling capital and operational expenditures as well as enabling agile reorganization\\u000a and reconfiguration of network services and resources according to changing business needs, user demands, and environmental\\u000a conditions. Autonomic systems have the potential to meet these

  11. Today Is the Tomorrow We Talked about Yesterday: Preparing Students for Working in the Office of the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matherly, Donna J.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses changes in the office environment due to increased automation. Topics include (1) what changes will occur, (2) how they will affect office workers, and (3) how to prepare students for work in automated offices. (CH)

  12. Exploration-Related Research on the International Space Station: Connecting Science Results to the Design of Future Missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rhatigan, Jennifer L.; Robinson, Julie A.; Sawin, Charles F.; Ahlf, Peter R.

    2005-01-01

    In January, 2004, the US President announced a vision for space exploration, and charged NASA with utilizing the International Space Station (ISS) for research and technology targeted at supporting the US space exploration goals. This paper describes: 1) what we have learned from the first four years of research on ISS relative to the exploration mission, 2) the on-going research being conducted in this regard, 3) our current understanding of the major exploration mission risks that the ISS can be used to address, and 4) current progress in realigning NASA s research portfolio for ISS to support exploration missions. Specifically, we discuss the focus of research on solving the perplexing problems of maintaining human health on long-duration missions, and the development of countermeasures to protect humans from the space environment, enabling long duration exploration missions. The interchange between mission design and research needs is dynamic, where design decisions influence the type of research needed, and results of research influence design decisions. The fundamental challenge to science on ISS is completing experiments that answer key questions in time to shape design decisions for future exploration. In this context, exploration-relevant research must do more than be conceptually connected to design decisions-it must become a part of the mission design process.

  13. Participative Work Design in Lean Production: A Strategy for Dissolving the Paradox between Standardized Work and Team Proactivity by Stimulating Team Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lantz, Annika; Hansen, Niklas; Antoni, Conny

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore job design mechanisms that enhance team proactivity within a lean production system where autonomy is uttermost restricted. We propose and test a model where the team learning process of building shared meaning of work mediates the relationship between team participative decision-making, inter team…

  14. Design as a context for research : the design of a museum of modern art as a vehicle for studying Alvar Aalto's work

    E-print Network

    Shen, Kairos

    1991-01-01

    The premise of this thesis is that there is valuable knowledge embedded in the buildings and related work of an architect that can only be understood in the context of some specific design setting. This thesis is an inquiry ...

  15. 75 FR 80853 - Designing a Digital Future: Federally Funded Research and Development in Networking and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Designing...Federally Funded Research and Development...Information Technology Research and Development...Program, National Science Foundation. SUBJECT...Council of Advisors on Science and Technology...Federally Funded Research and...

  16. Anticipatory Capacity: Leveraging Model-Based Approaches to Design Systems for Dynamic Futures

    E-print Network

    Rhodes, Donna H.

    The paper presents a vision for enhancing anticipatory capacity of engineering organizations, with a goal of enabling the design of systems that can deliver sustained value as the world changes. Anticipatory capacity is ...

  17. The Euratom Fast Collar (EFC): A Safeguards Instrument Design to Address Future Fuel Measurement Challenges

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, Louise [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browne, Michael C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-13

    Summary of this presentation: (1) EFC instrument design for {sup 235}U verification measurements issued to EURATOM to issue a call for commercial tender; (2) Achieved a fast (Cd mode) measurement with less than 2% relative uncertainty in the doubles neutron counting rate in 10 minutes using a standard source strength; (3) Assay time in fast mode consistent with the needs of an inspector; (4) Extended to realistic calibration range for modern fuel designs - Relatively insensitive to gadolinia content for fuel designs with up to 32 burnable poison rods and 15 wt % gadolinia concentration, which is a realistic maximum for modern PWR fuel; (5) Improved performance over the standard thermal neutron collar with greater than twice the efficiency of the original design; (6) Novel tube pattern to reduce the impact of accidental pile-up; and (7) Joint test of prototype unit - EURATOM-LANL.

  18. Meta-design: A Framework for the Future of End-User Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerhard Fischer; Elisa Giaccardi

    In a world that is not predictable, improvisation, evolution, and innovation are more than a luxury: they are a necessity.\\u000a The challenge of design is not a matter of getting rid of the emergent, but rather of including it and making it an opportunity\\u000a for more creative and more adequate solutions to problems.\\u000a \\u000a Meta-design is an emerging conceptual framework aimed

  19. 43 CFR 3281.8 - Must a unit operator provide working interests within the designated unit area the opportunity to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Must a unit operator provide working interests within the designated unit area the opportunity to join the unit? 3281.8 Section 3281.8 Public Lands: Interior...

  20. 43 CFR 3281.8 - Must a unit operator provide working interests within the designated unit area the opportunity to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Must a unit operator provide working interests within the designated unit area the opportunity to join the unit? 3281.8 Section 3281.8 Public Lands: Interior...

  1. 43 CFR 3281.8 - Must a unit operator provide working interests within the designated unit area the opportunity to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Must a unit operator provide working interests within the designated unit area the opportunity to join the unit? 3281.8 Section 3281.8 Public Lands: Interior...

  2. 43 CFR 3281.8 - Must a unit operator provide working interests within the designated unit area the opportunity to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Must a unit operator provide working interests within the designated unit area the opportunity to join the unit? 3281.8 Section 3281.8 Public Lands: Interior...

  3. Design and R&D of very forward calorimeters for detectors at future e+e- collider

    E-print Network

    Ivanka Bozovic-Jelisavcic

    2012-01-31

    Detectors at future e+e- collider need special calorimeters in the very forward region for a fast estimate and precise measurement of the luminosity, to improve the hermeticity and mask the central tracking detectors from backscattered particles. Design optimized for the ILC collider using Monte Carlo simulations is presented. Sensor prototypes have been produced and dedicated FE ASICs have been developed and tested. For the first time, sensors have been connected to the front-end and ADC ASICs and tested in an electron beam. Results on the performance are discussed.

  4. Operable Unit 3-14, Tank Farm Soil and INTEC Groundwater Remedial Design/Remedial Action Scope of Work

    SciTech Connect

    D. E. Shanklin

    2007-07-25

    This Remedial Design/Remedial Action (RD/RA) Scope of Work pertains to OU 3-14 Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center and the Idaho National Laboratory and identifies the remediation strategy, project scope, schedule, and budget that implement the tank farm soil and groundwater remediation, in accordance with the May 2007 Record of Decision. Specifically, this RD/RA Scope of Work identifies and defines the remedial action approach and the plan for preparing the remedial design documents.

  5. Work Design Issues in Lean Production from a Sociotechnical Systems Perspective: Neo-Taylorism or the Next Step in Sociotechnical Design?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Willem Niepcel; Eric Molleman

    1998-01-01

    The similarities and differences between two paradigms, Lean Production (LP) and Sociotechnical Systems (STS) thinking, which currently compete for the attention of managers and scholars interested in improving the design of work systems, are studied in this article. In order to find the logic behind each approach, the design principles formulated by Cherns have been used to evaluate LP from

  6. A review of infrared limb observations of tenuous atmosphers. Suggestions for future work at the Jupiter system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grassi, D.

    2012-01-01

    We review several historical observations of tenuous planetary atmospheres by IR spectroimager operating in limb scan mode. Limb observations are characterized by long optical paths and could detect very weak emission lines, often associated to the non-LTE conditions or photochemical phenomena encountered at low densities. Literature studies are used as a guideline to recommend observations by future Jupiter system missions, where oxygen in the atmospheres of Europa, Ganymede and Callisto is an obvious subject of interest. Integration of IR observations with the results of other payload components (Plasma and Particles Instrument/INMS) is also discussed, with possible synergies in defining the surface/space environment interactions that eventually lead to the formation of atmospheres of icy satellites.

  7. The Future of Work for People with Disabilities: A View from Great Britain. Monograph Number Twenty Eight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornes, Paul

    The monograph examines reasons for declining placement of people with disabilities reported since 1970 by vocational rehabilitation programs. It begins by briefly noting the changing face of industrial society and suggests the need to reexamine traditional concepts of work as paid employment. The effects of new technologies are traced, along with…

  8. The Implications of Encoder/Modulator/ Phased Array Designs for Future Broadband LEO Communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vanderaar, Mark; Jensen, Chris A.; Terry, John D.

    1997-01-01

    In this paper we summarize the effects of modulation and channel coding on the design of wide angle scan, broadband, phased army antennas. In the paper we perform several trade studies. First, we investigate the amplifier back-off requirement as a function of variability of modulation envelope. Specifically, we contrast constant and non-constant envelope modulations, as well as single and multiple carrier schemes. Additionally, we address the issues an(f concerns of using pulse shaping filters with the above modulation types. Second, we quantify the effects of beam steering on the quality of data, recovery using selected modulation techniques. In particular, we show that the frequency response of the array introduces intersymbol interference for broadband signals and that the mode of operation for the beam steering controller may introduce additional burst or random errors. Finally, we show that the encoder/modulator design must be performed in conjunction with the phased array antenna design.

  9. Design considerations of a cable wiring system for a new medical center to support a future medical imaging system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Witt, Robert M.; Emrich, Jack

    1992-07-01

    Our Medical Center is faced with the problem to design a cable wiring system today, install it by the middle 1990''s, and allow for upgrades and enhancements for the next ten to fifteen years. The cable plant must be able to support functions and activities which are poorly defined today, but will include the hospital information system (HIS), a future picture archiving and communication system (PACS), and possibly an electronic patient chart with integrated image data. The cable plant must also connect to a future campus wide Medical Network of the Indiana University Medical center with the first component being a positron emission tomography system (PET) located approximately one mile away. To meet these goals the proposed cable plant will be a structured wire cabling system following existing and proposed standards for building wiring architectures including the Electronics Industries Association (EIA) and the Telecommunications Industries Association (TIA) 568 Commercial Building Wiring Standard and the proposed Federal Telecommunication Standard 1090. The structured wiring system approached has been evaluated with emphasis on the present and future network topologies that can be implemented, the type and size of fiber optic cable to install, and the need to install fiber optic cable to individual workstations.

  10. Design and implement of the control system for unmanned surface vehicle based on the VxWorks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jiang Zhao; Weisheng Yan; Jian Gao; Shuwei Shi

    2010-01-01

    To increase reliability and real time of the unmanned surface vehicle (USV), research on system design and implement of USV was completed. Introduces the hardware architecture of the control system and clarifies the function of all parts. The software architecture is designed based on the VxWorks real-time operating system. The USV control system adopts a three layered hierarchical architecture, includes

  11. 7.09 ERGONOMIC ANALYSIS IN ORDER TO DESIGN A WORK HELP TOOL : SIGOONS Corinne Chabaud & Sandrine Cazabat

    E-print Network

    Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba

    7.09 ERGONOMIC ANALYSIS IN ORDER TO DESIGN A WORK HELP TOOL : SIGOONS Corinne Chabaud & Sandrine. INTRODUCTION This study issue is ergonomics part in design processes. We will describe how ergonomics tackle results and ambitions. 2. CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES 2. 1 Context The present ergonomic study has been

  12. ORNL biomedical engineers Boyd Evans and John Mueller are working to improve prosthetic fitting and design for

    E-print Network

    Pennycook, Steve

    ORNL biomedical engineers Boyd Evans and John Mueller are working to improve prosthetic fitting and design for young military amputees. (Photo: Jason Richards) SCIENCE ORNL technology could mean improved prosthesis fitting, design conditions and limited activities. "The goal of our research is to use the recent

  13. Art in a new light: Design and assessment of illuminants to reduce photochemical degradation of works of art

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monica Fabiola Delgado Ramos

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to design the best lighting that will minimize long term photochemical degradation of Old Master Drawings and\\/or other works of art, while maintaining the patron's appreciation of the object's color and detail. The present approach is a technological refinement to the basic underlying earlier work on fluorescent lighting by W. A. Thornton, W.A. at

  14. Nuclear Energy Research Initiative. Risk Informed Assessment of Regulatory and Design Requirements for Future Nuclear Power Plants. Annual Report

    SciTech Connect

    Ritterbusch, S.E.

    2000-08-01

    The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-informed approach for the design and regulation of nuclear power plants. This approach will include the development and.lor confirmation of corresponding regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major impediment to long term competitiveness of new nuclear plants in the U.S. is the capital cost component--which may need to be reduced on the order of 35% to 40% for Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWRs) such as System 80+ and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR). The required cost reduction for an ALWR such as AP600 or AP1000 would be expected to be less. Such reductions in capital cost will require a fundamental reevaluation of the industry standards and regulatory bases under which nuclear plants are designed and licensed. Fortunately, there is now an increasing awareness that many of the existing regulatory requirements and industry standards are not significantly contributing to safety and reliability and, therefore, are unnecessarily adding to nuclear plant costs. Not only does this degrade the economic competitiveness of nuclear energy, it results in unnecessary costs to the American electricity consumer. While addressing these concerns, this research project will be coordinated with current efforts of industry and NRC to develop risk-informed, performance-based regulations that affect the operation of the existing nuclear plants; however, this project will go farther by focusing on the design of new plants.

  15. Proficiency testing in analytical chemistry, microbiology, and laboratory medicine – working group discussions on current status, problems, and future directions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulf Örnemark; Nick Boley; Khalid Saeed; Petronella M. van Berkel; Rainer Schmidt; Michael Noble; Irma Mäkinen; Mauri Keinänen; Adam Uldall; Heidi Steensland; Adriaan Van der Veen; Daniel W. Tholen; Manfred Golze; Jytte Molin Christensen; Paul De Bièvre; E. W. B. De Leer

    2001-01-01

    Working group (WG) discussions on proficiency testing (PT) held at the joint Eurachem\\/ EQALM workshop, Bors, Sweden, 24–26\\u000a September 2000 are summarized. The discussions focused on aspects of PT and accreditation (WG 1), general aspects of PT in\\u000a analytical chemistry (WG 2), microbiology (WG 3), and laboratory medicine (WG 4), incorporation of measurement uncertainty\\u000a into PT schemes (WG 5), international

  16. The Participatory Design of a (Today and) Future Digital Entomology Lab

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hai-Jew, Shalin

    2011-01-01

    This article showcases a virtual interactive participatory design activity for building a digital entomology lab. Conceptualized as a virtual complement to a general entomology course at Kansas State University, the lab would allow learners to explore morphological aspects of insects--their various forms and functions--in order to understand…

  17. Scaling with Design Constraints Predicting the Future of Big Chips , Karthick Rajamani

    E-print Network

    Skadron, Kevin

    growth. Then new thermal issues will be the hurdle, necessitating the adoption of better cooling power constraints and technology scaling limita- tions caused designers to embrace multiple cores rather determinant on the extent of dark-vs-dim silicon when maximizing chip throughput. 3) Within two technology

  18. Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process

    E-print Network

    Charette, André

    the efficiency and effectiveness of CIHR's funding and peer review processes by: - Reducing funding program, what will CIHR have achieved? Our goal in designing the new Open Suite of Programs and peer review. It also includes an expert peer review system that is well-managed, fair, and transparent in the selection

  19. Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (FARV) conceptual fuel system design. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. R. Daubert; E. C. Fisher; W. K. Moore; N. C. Munro

    1995-01-01

    This document presents an idealized automated fuel system applicable to unique requirements. The system accepts fuel at high rates, transports fuel in a battlefield environment, and supplies fuel to a vehicle equipped to receive it without exposing the crew to small arms fire. The fuel system design incorporates controls and mechanisms which compensate for battle damage and irregularities found in

  20. Anticipatory capacity: Leveraging model-based approaches to design systems for dynamic futures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donna H. Rhodes; Adam M. Ross

    2009-01-01

    The paper presents a vision for enhancing anticipatory capacity of engineering organizations, with a goal of enabling the design of systems that can deliver sustained value as the world changes. Anticipatory capacity is the capacity of an organization to continuously develop and apply knowledge acquired through a structured approach to anticipate changing scenarios as needs and context change over time,

  1. Designing serious video games for health behavior change: Current status and future directions

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Serious video games for health are designed to entertain while changing a specific health behavior. This article identifies behavioral principles that can guide the development of serious video games focused on changing a variety of health behaviors, including those attempting to decrease risk of o...

  2. Design of a Scalable Nanophotonic Interconnect for Future Avinash Kodi and Randy Morris

    E-print Network

    Kodi, Avinash

    to increased wire delays and excess power dis- sipation with technology scaling, researchers have focused- length and space) and by exploiting the recent advances in optical component design space. We also-chip optical topologies when the number of optical components and overall power loss in the network

  3. DESIGNS FOR THE FUTURE: BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN ASSESSMENT OF CONDITION AND DIAGNOSIS OF IMPAIRMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    As the EPA, states, and tribes move towards a consolidated assessment and listing process to satisfy requirements of the Clean Water Act, multi-purpose monitoring designs will be needed to assess regional condition as well as predict site-specific probabilities of impairment. Th...

  4. New Australian High School Represents the Future of Education Facility Design: Kingston High School, Tasmania, Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deni, Adriano

    2012-01-01

    The brief from local government called for an environmentally sustainable school that establishes new models for excellence in curriculum, teaching, and learning. With its visionary sine wave design concept, flexible learning areas, shared community spaces and "extensive" green roof system--a first for an Australian school--the new $33 million…

  5. Exposome informatics: considerations for the design of future biomedical research information systems

    PubMed Central

    Martin Sanchez, Fernando; Gray, Kathleen; Bellazzi, Riccardo; Lopez-Campos, Guillermo

    2014-01-01

    The environment's contribution to health has been conceptualized as the exposome. Biomedical research interest in environmental exposures as a determinant of physiopathological processes is rising as such data increasingly become available. The panoply of miniaturized sensing devices now accessible and affordable for individuals to use to monitor a widening range of parameters opens up a new world of research data. Biomedical informatics (BMI) must provide a coherent framework for dealing with multi-scale population data including the phenome, the genome, the exposome, and their interconnections. The combination of these more continuous, comprehensive, and personalized data sources requires new research and development approaches to data management, analysis, and visualization. This article analyzes the implications of a new paradigm for the discipline of BMI, one that recognizes genome, phenome, and exposome data and their intricate interactions as the basis for biomedical research now and for clinical care in the near future. PMID:24186958

  6. The neurointerventional procedure room of the future: predicting likely innovations in design and function

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Norbash; Lloyd W Klein; James Goldstein; David Haines; Stephen Balter; Lynne Fairobent; Donald L Miller

    2011-01-01

    The Multispecialty Occupational Health Group, as part of their work, have considered likely characteristics of the neurointerventional surgery operating room of tomorrow. Such rooms will be distinguished by certain architectural features and markedly increased information technology features. The novel architectural features will include system proximities, such as embedding the procedure room next to traditional operating rooms, anesthesia recovery units, intensive

  7. Behavior Breakthroughs[TM]: Future Teachers Reflect on a Focused Game Designed to Teach ABA Techniques

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowdermilk, John; Martinez, Deborah; Pecina, Julie; Beccera, Lisa; Lowdermilk, Carey

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the use of a focused educational game. The game, "Behavior Breakthroughs"[TM], was created to teach people that work with children with autism, appropriate behavior management techniques. A group of undergraduate, teacher education students played the game and provided feedback on their experiences.

  8. Light-sensitive Lipid-based Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery: Design Principles and Future Considerations for Biological Applications

    PubMed Central

    Yavlovich, Amichai; Smith, Brandon; Gupta, Kshitij; Blumenthal, Robert; Puri, Anu

    2011-01-01

    Radiation-based therapies aided by nanoparticles have been developed since decades, and can be primarily categorized into two main platforms. First, delivery of payload of photo-reactive drugs (photosensitizers) using the conventional nanoparticles, and second, design and development of photo-triggerable nanoparticles (primarily liposomes) to attain light-assisted on-demand drug delivery. The main focus of this review is to provide an update of the history, current status and future applications of photo-triggerable lipid-based nanoparticles (light-sensitive liposomes). We will begin with a brief overview on the applications of liposomes for delivery of photosensitizers, including the choice of photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy, as well as the currently available light sources (lasers) used for these applications. The main segment of this review will encompass the details on the strategies to develop photo-triggerable designer liposomes for their drug delivery function. The principles underlying the assembly of photoreactive lipids into nanoparticles (liposomes) and photo-triggering mechanisms will be presented. We will also discuss factors that limit the applications of these liposomes for in vivo triggered drug delivery and emerging concepts that may lead to the biologically viable photo-activation strategies. We will conclude with our view point on the future perspectives of light-sensitive liposomes in the clinic. PMID:20939770

  9. Design and qualification of BSR-solar cells for future solar arrays

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Bebermeier

    1980-01-01

    The development of back-side-reflection (BSR) solar cells is discussed with reference to their design, performance, effect of the cover glass on the in-orbit performance, and qualification testing. The optical IR-reflectivity of the cells varies between 60 and 70%; solar absorptance of a covered cell is 0.76. It is shown that cerium doped microsheet glass is a good solution for covering

  10. Panel: Logic Emulation: A Niche or a Future Standard for Design Verification?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Rose

    1993-01-01

    Logic Emulations systems consist of boards of re-programmable Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) programmable interconnect, and large software synthesis and analysis packages. They allow ASIC and system-level designs to be represented in hardware that performs at a significant fraction of the real device speeds. They can be used in the end-product for system-level debugging and analysis. As a result, they present

  11. Fridge of the future: Designing a one-kilowatt-hour/day domestic refrigerator-freezer

    SciTech Connect

    Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

    1998-03-01

    An industry/government Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was established to evaluate and test design concepts for a domestic refrigerator-freezer unit that represents approximately 60% of the US market. The goal of the CRADA was to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50 percent, the 1993 NAECA standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 I) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translated to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research was to facilitate the introduction of cost-efficient technologies by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. A 1996 model refrigerator-freezer was selected as the baseline unit for testing. Since the unit was required to meet the 1993 NAECA standards, the energy consumption was quite low (1.676 kWh/d), thus making further reductions in energy consumption very challenging. Among the energy saving features incorporated into the original design of the baseline unit were a low-wattage evaporator fan, increased insulation thicknesses, and liquid line flange heaters.

  12. Quantifying the mechanical properties of human skin to optimise future microneedle device design.

    PubMed

    Groves, R B; Coulman, S A; Birchall, J C; Evans, S L

    2012-01-01

    Microneedle devices are a promising minimally invasive means of delivering drugs/vaccines across or into the skin. However, there is currently a diversity of microneedle designs and application methods that have, primarily, been intuitively developed by the research community. To enable the rational design of optimised microneedle devices, a greater understanding of human skin biomechanics under small deformations is required. This study aims to develop a representative stratified model of human skin, informed by in vivo data. A multilayer finite element model incorporating the epidermis, dermis and hypodermis was established. This was correlated with a series of in-vivo indentation measurements, and the Ogden material coefficients were optimised using a material parameter extraction algorithm. The finite element simulation was subsequently used to model microneedle application to human skin before penetration and was validated by comparing these predictions with the in-vivo measurements. Our model has provided an excellent tool to predict micron-scale human skin deformation in vivo and is currently being used to inform optimised microneedle designs. PMID:21749225

  13. Design of an ultra low power CMOS pixel sensor for a future neutron personal dosimeter

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Y.; Hu-Guo, C.; Husson, D.; Hu, Y. [Institut Pluridisplinaire Hubert Curien IPHC, Univ. of Strasbourg, CNRS/IN2P3, 23 Rue du Loess, 67037 Strasbourg (France)

    2011-07-01

    Despite a continuously increasing demand, neutron electronic personal dosimeters (EPDs) are still far from being completely established because their development is a very difficult task. A low-noise, ultra low power consumption CMOS pixel sensor for a future neutron personal dosimeter has been implemented in a 0.35 {mu}m CMOS technology. The prototype is composed of a pixel array for detection of charged particles, and the readout electronics is integrated on the same substrate for signal processing. The excess electrons generated by an impinging particle are collected by the pixel array. The charge collection time and the efficiency are the crucial points of a CMOS detector. The 3-D device simulations using the commercially available Synopsys-SENTAURUS package address the detailed charge collection process. Within a time of 1.9 {mu}s, about 59% electrons created by the impact particle are collected in a cluster of 4 x 4 pixels with the pixel pitch of 80 {mu}m. A charge sensitive preamplifier (CSA) and a shaper are employed in the frond-end readout. The tests with electrical signals indicate that our prototype with a total active area of 2.56 x 2.56 mm{sup 2} performs an equivalent noise charge (ENC) of less than 400 e - and 314 {mu}W power consumption, leading to a promising prototype. (authors)

  14. Design your Engineering

    E-print Network

    Barthelat, Francois

    Design your @ McGILL Mechanical Engineering future VISIT US! Department of Mechanical Engineering for living and learning. Designing a guitar using composite materials. Design and testing of microdevices with the conception, design, implementation and operation of mechanical systems. Common fields of work include

  15. Designing Smart Health Care Technology into the Home of the Future

    SciTech Connect

    Warren, S.; Craft, R.L.; Bosma, J.T.

    1999-04-07

    The US health care industry is experiencing a substantial paradigm shift with regard to home care due to the convergence of several technology areas. Increasingly-capable telehealth systems and the internet are not only moving the point of care closer to the patient, but the patient can now assume a more active role in his or her own care. These technologies, coupled with (1) the migration of the health care industry to electronic patient records and (2) the emergence of a growing number of enabling health care technologies (e.g., novel biosensors, wearable devices, and intelligent software agents), demonstrate unprecedented potential for delivering highly automated, intelligent health care in the home. This editorial paper presents a vision for the implementation of intelligent health care technology in the home of the future, focusing on areas of research that have the highest potential payoff given targeted government funding over the next ten years. Here, intelligent health care technology means smart devices and systems that are aware of their context and can therefore assimilate information to support care decisions. A systems perspective is used to describe a framework under which devices can interact with one another in a plug-and-play manner. Within this infrastructure, traditionally passive sensors and devices will have read/write access to appropriate portions of an individual's electronic medical record. Through intelligent software agents, plug-and-play mechanisms, messaging standards, and user authentication tools, these smart home-based medical devices will be aware of their own capabilities, their relationship to the other devices in the home system, and the identity of the individual(s) from whom they acquire data. Information surety technology will be essential to maintain the confidentiality of patient-identifiable medical information and to protect the integrity of geographically dispersed electronic medical records with which each home-based system will interact.

  16. Parents’ Participation in a Work-Based Anti-Poverty Program Can Enhance Their Children's Future Orientation: Understanding Pathways of Influence

    PubMed Central

    Purtell, Kelly M.; McLoyd, Vonnie C.

    2012-01-01

    Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on youths’ career-related thoughts and planning. The New Hope project was implemented in Milwaukee, WI, during the mid-1990s. 745 families participated (52% male children; 56% African American; 30% Latino, and 15% White non-Hispanic) and half were randomly selected to receive New Hope benefits, which included earnings supplements, job search assistance, and child and health care subsidies for three years. Importantly, effects on youths’ future orientation were found eight years after the program began (five years after benefits ended). The present study investigates what factors sustained these positive impacts over time. Results indicate that parental perceptions of reading performance mediate the effects of New Hope on youths’ cynicism about work. Additionally, parental perceptions of reading performance and youths’ educational expectations mediate the effects of New Hope on boys’ pessimism about future employment. These findings highlight the importance of youths’ educational development to their career-related thoughts and planning. PMID:22878938

  17. Parents' participation in a work-based anti-poverty program can enhance their children's future orientation: understanding pathways of influence.

    PubMed

    Purtell, Kelly M; McLoyd, Vonnie C

    2013-06-01

    Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on youths' career-related thoughts and planning. The New Hope project was implemented in Milwaukee, WI, during the mid-1990s. 745 families participated (52% male children; 56% African American; 30% Latino, and 15% White non-Hispanic) and half were randomly selected to receive New Hope benefits, which included earnings supplements, job search assistance, and child and health care subsidies for 3 years. Importantly, effects on youths' future orientation were found 8 years after the program began (5 years after benefits ended). The present study investigates what factors sustained these positive impacts over time. Results indicate that parental perceptions of reading performance mediate the effects of New Hope on youths' cynicism about work. Additionally, parental perceptions of reading performance and youths' educational expectations mediate the effects of New Hope on boys' pessimism about future employment. These findings highlight the importance of youths' educational development to their career-related thoughts and planning. PMID:22878938

  18. Learning and using science ideas when doing investigate-and-redesign tasks: A study of naive, novice, and expert designers doing constrained and scaffolded design work

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crismond, David

    2001-09-01

    This study reports on what naive, novice, and expert designers do and learn when investigating simple mechanical devices and then planning their redesign. Participating in the study were 32 high school and adult subjects who did two investigate-and-redesign (I&R) tasks. Same gender pairs of subjects with similar design experiences explored, analyzed, and evaluated different brands of a device, designed experiments to compare them, and then proposed their redesign. Each two-hour session was videotaped, and portions were analyzed using methods adapted from protocol analysis techniques. Results suggest that when naive designers do I&R tasks, their learning is highly contextualized and device-specific. Naive designers made few connections from their work to key science ideas, and instead used mechanical advantage preconceptions that they did not spontaneously redress during the I&R sequence. Experts made connections to concepts and cases, inferred key design decisions, and sought critical design problems for the devices studied. All groups used strategies involving analysis more than those involving synthesis or evaluation. Notably, during conceptual design, opportunities for using science, present especially when subjects analyze design ideas, went underutilized by nonexpert designers. Scaffolded questions are needed to focus the learning of science embedded in design-oriented activities. All findings reported are tentative, given the limited number of cases included in this study.

  19. Oxygen diffusion barriers using a new sacrificial design concept for future high-density memory devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoon, D. S.; Roh, J. S.

    We emphasize the importance of the new design concept for diffusion barriers in high-density memory capacitors. RuTiN and RuTiO films are proposed as sacrificial oxygen diffusion barriers. They showed much lower sheet resistance up to 800 °C than various barriers including binary and ternary nitrides, reported by others. The contact resistance for both the Pt/RuTiN/TiSix/n++poly-plug/n+channel layer/Si and the Pt/RuTiO/RuTiN/TiSix/n++poly-plug/n+channel layer/Si contact structures, the most important electrical parameter for the diffusion barrier in the bottom-electrode structure of capacitors, exhibited values as low as 5 k?, even after annealing up to 750 °C. When each RuTiN and TiN film is inserted as a glue layer between the bottom electrode Pt layer in the CVD-BST simple stack-type structure, the thermal stability of the RuTiN glue layer is observed to be 150 °C higher than that of the TiN glue layer. Moreover, the capacitance of the PVD-BST simple stack-type structure with a TiN glue layer initially degrades after annealing at 500 °C, and thereafter failed completely. In the case of RuTiN and the RuTiO/RuTiN glue layers, however, the capacitance continuously increased up to 550 °C. These new experimental results accommodate the introduction of the sacrificial design concept of diffusion barriers against oxygen in high-density memory capacitors.

  20. Development of the Symbolic Manipulator Laboratory modeling package for the kinematic design and optimization of the Future Armor Rearm System robot. Ammunition Logistics Program

    SciTech Connect

    March-Leuba, S.; Jansen, J.F.; Kress, R.L.; Babcock, S.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Dubey, R.V. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

    1992-08-01

    A new program package, Symbolic Manipulator Laboratory (SML), for the automatic generation of both kinematic and static manipulator models in symbolic form is presented. Critical design parameters may be identified and optimized using symbolic models as shown in the sample application presented for the Future Armor Rearm System (FARS) arm. The computer-aided development of the symbolic models yields equations with reduced numerical complexity. Important considerations have been placed on the closed form solutions simplification and on the user friendly operation. The main emphasis of this research is the development of a methodology which is implemented in a computer program capable of generating symbolic kinematic and static forces models of manipulators. The fact that the models are obtained trigonometrically reduced is among the most significant results of this work and the most difficult to implement. Mathematica, a commercial program that allows symbolic manipulation, is used to implement the program package. SML is written such that the user can change any of the subroutines or create new ones easily. To assist the user, an on-line help has been written to make of SML a user friendly package. Some sample applications are presented. The design and optimization of the 5-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) FARS manipulator using SML is discussed. Finally, the kinematic and static models of two different 7-DOF manipulators are calculated symbolically.

  1. Development of the Symbolic Manipulator Laboratory modeling package for the kinematic design and optimization of the Future Armor Rearm System robot

    SciTech Connect

    March-Leuba, S.; Jansen, J.F.; Kress, R.L.; Babcock, S.M. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Dubey, R.V. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)

    1992-08-01

    A new program package, Symbolic Manipulator Laboratory (SML), for the automatic generation of both kinematic and static manipulator models in symbolic form is presented. Critical design parameters may be identified and optimized using symbolic models as shown in the sample application presented for the Future Armor Rearm System (FARS) arm. The computer-aided development of the symbolic models yields equations with reduced numerical complexity. Important considerations have been placed on the closed form solutions simplification and on the user friendly operation. The main emphasis of this research is the development of a methodology which is implemented in a computer program capable of generating symbolic kinematic and static forces models of manipulators. The fact that the models are obtained trigonometrically reduced is among the most significant results of this work and the most difficult to implement. Mathematica, a commercial program that allows symbolic manipulation, is used to implement the program package. SML is written such that the user can change any of the subroutines or create new ones easily. To assist the user, an on-line help has been written to make of SML a user friendly package. Some sample applications are presented. The design and optimization of the 5-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) FARS manipulator using SML is discussed. Finally, the kinematic and static models of two different 7-DOF manipulators are calculated symbolically.

  2. Futures in Business. Interim Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

    This guide is designed for use by instructors teaching a six-unit course on futures in business. Presented first is a diagram illustrating the place of the course in Manitoba's business education curriculum. The academic, personal management, and teamwork skills that have been deemed critical employability skills required of the Canadian work

  3. AGS SUPER NEUTRINO BEAM FACILITY ACCELERATOR AND TARGET SYSTEM DESIGN (NEUTRINO WORKING GROUP REPORT-II).

    SciTech Connect

    DIWAN,M.; MARCIANO,W.; WENG,W.; RAPARIA,D.

    2003-04-21

    This document describes the design of the accelerator and target systems for the AGS Super Neutrino Beam Facility. Under the direction of the Associate Laboratory Director Tom Kirk, BNL has established a Neutrino Working Group to explore the scientific case and facility requirements for a very long baseline neutrino experiment. Results of a study of the physics merit and detector performance was published in BNL-69395 in October 2002, where it was shown that a wide-band neutrino beam generated by a 1 MW proton beam from the AGS, coupled with a half megaton water Cerenkov detector located deep underground in the former Homestake mine in South Dakota would be able to measure the complete set of neutrino oscillation parameters: (1) precise determination of the oscillation parameters {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 32}; (2) detection of the oscillation of {nu}{sub {mu}}-{nu}{sub e} and measurement of sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13}; (3) measurement of {Delta}m{sub 21}{sup 2} sin 2{theta}{sub 12} in a {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} appearance mode, independent of the value of {theta}{sub 13}; (4) verification of matter enhancement and the sign of {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2}; and (5) determination of the CP-violation parameter {delta}{sub CP} in the neutrino sector. This report details the performance requirements and conceptual design of the accelerator and the target systems for the production of a neutrino beam by a 1.0 MW proton beam from the AGS. The major components of this facility include a new 1.2 GeV superconducting linac, ramping the AGS at 2.5 Hz, and the new target station for 1.0 MW beam. It also calls for moderate increase, about 30%, of the AGS intensity per pulse. Special care is taken to account for all sources of proton beam loss plus shielding and collimation of stray beam halo particles to ensure equipment reliability and personal safety. A preliminary cost estimate and schedule for the accelerator upgrade and target system are also included.

  4. Improving return-to-work after childbirth: design of the Mom@Work study, a randomised controlled trial and cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Stomp-van den Berg, Suzanne GM; van Poppel, Mireille NM; Hendriksen, Ingrid JM; Bruinvels, David J; Uegaki, Kimi; de Bruijne, Martine C; van Mechelen, Willem

    2007-01-01

    Background Many women suffer from health problems after giving birth, which can lead to sick leave. About 30% of Dutch workers are on sick leave after maternity leave. Structural contact of supervisors with employees on maternity leave, supported by early medical advice of occupational physicians, may increase the chances of return-to-work after maternity leave. In addition, to understand the process of sick leave and return-to-work after childbirth it is important to gain insight into which factors hinder return-to-work after childbirth, as well, as which prognostic factors lead to the development of postpartum health complaints. In this paper, the design of the Mom@Work study is described. Methods The Mom@Work study is simultaneously a randomised controlled trial and a cohort study. Pregnant women working for at least 12 hours a week at one of the 15 participating companies are eligible to participate. The supervisors of these pregnant employees are randomised at 35 weeks pregnancy into the intervention group or control group. During maternity leave, supervisors in the intervention group contact their employee six weeks after delivery using a structured interview. When employees do not expect to return to their jobs at the end of their scheduled maternity leave due to health problems, the supervisor offers early support of the occupational physician. Supervisors in the control group have no structural contact with their employees during maternity leave. Measurements take place at 30 weeks pregnancy and at 6, 12, 24 and 52 weeks postpartum. In addition, cost data are collected. For the RCT, primary outcome measures are sick leave and return-to-work, and secondary outcome measures are costs, health, satisfaction with intervention and global feelings of recovery. Outcome measures for the cohort are pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain, fatigue and depression. Finally, a number of prognostic factors for return-to-work and for the development of complaints will be measured. Discussion The Mom@Work study will provide important information about return-to-work of employees after giving birth. Results will give insight in prognosis of postpartum sick leave and complaints. Also, the role of supervisors and occupational physicians in successful return-to-work after childbirth will be clarified. PMID:17394629

  5. The curriculum is dead! Long live the curriculum! Designing an undergraduate medicine and surgery curriculum for the future.

    PubMed

    Bleakley, Alan

    2012-01-01

    Where changing social circumstances demand reform of medicine, this in turn provokes new thinking in medical education. Curriculum changes, however, are often ill conceived, consisting of syllabus (content) modification, rather than careful consideration of fundamental principles and theory shaping a curriculum process initiative. The undergraduate medicine and surgery curriculum of the future must address some basic fault lines in current provision, such as medical culture's failure to democratise work practices ensuring patient safety. While acquiring a reputation as innovative and progressive, and after a decade of success with current provision, Peninsula Medical School (UK) has recognised the need to develop its curriculum for the future. Such a curriculum will be guided by best evidence from medical education to inform pedagogical practices and by sophisticated curriculum theory. Drawing on social learning pedagogies and curriculum reconceptualisation models for guidance, and incorporating evaluation of its current provision and published evaluations of other curricula (particularly Longitudinal Integrated models), fundamental principles were conceived to guide curriculum reform. PMID:22632276

  6. Use of the mouse spot test in chemical mutagenesis: interpretation of past data and recommendations for future work.

    PubMed

    Russell, L B; Selby, P B; von Halle, E; Sheridan, W; Valcovic, L

    1981-05-01

    The mouse spot test, developed 23 years ago, is an in vivo assay capable of detecting genetic effects of several kinds, including intragenic mutations, minute deficiencies, deletions (through breakage or nondisjunction) of various amounts of chromosomal material, and somatic crossing-over. The method involves exposing embryos that are heterozygous for a number of coat-color markers to the test agent, and, 3 weeks later, looking for clones of mutant cells, i.e., spots of color expressing the recessive marker in an otherwise black fur. Spots having other causes may also be induced, specifically white midventral spots due to cytotoxic effects, and certain spots resulting from misdifferentiation. Spot-test results have, to date, been reported from 7 laboratories. Because the control results for any one cross and solvent were found to be reasonably consistent between the laboratories, we pooled these to develop a "historical" control with which experimental results for the same cross and solvent were compared. Experimental results were classified as positive, negative, or inconclusive on the basis of a multiple-decision procedure produced by the testing of the following 2 hypotheses: (1) the mutation frequency (induced + spontaneous) in treated mice is not higher than the mutation frequency in the appropriate pooled control, and (2) the induced mutation frequency of the treated mice is no less than 4 times as high as the observed mutation frequency in the appropriate pooled control. Each hypothesis was tested at the 5% significance level. To date, 30 substances have been employed in the spot test, including 3 that are solvents for some of the others. Of the remaining 27 (26 compounds and 1 mixture), 16 were positive, 6 negative, and 5 inconclusive. The 26 compounds fell into 27 chemical classifications (using a system provided for use by the GENE-TOX program). The inadequacies in the design and reporting of some past experiments indicate a need for a carefully specified protocol. When properly done, the spot test will fulfill a useful role in mutagenicity testing programs because (1) it is an in vivo mammalian assay, (2) it detects genetic effects of many kinds, and (3) it is relatively rapid. Since the test appears well suited to the identification of potent mutagens, its main value should be in screening large numbers of substances and singling out the potentially worst offenders to be further studied in germ-line mutagenesis tests. PMID:7029265

  7. MEMS probes for on-wafer RF microwave characterization of future microelectronics: design, fabrication and characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marzouk, Jaouad; Arscott, Steve; El Fellahi, Abdelhatif; Haddadi, Kamel; Lasri, Tuami; Boyaval, Christophe; Dambrine, Gilles

    2015-07-01

    This article presents microelectromechanical system (MEMS) ground-signal-ground (GSG) probes based on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology for on-wafer microwave characterization of radio-frequency (RF) microelectronics. The probe is designed using optimized coplanar waveguide structures with the aim of ensuring a low-contact resistance between the probe and the pads of the device under test (DUT). The probes are batch fabricated using SOI substrates and employ a simple silicon micromachining process. The probes have a pitch of 4.5?µm with miniaturized dimensions for a DUT pad area with a similar size. Electrical (dc) measurements show that the fabricated probe has a low-contact resistance (~0.02??) on gold pads. Excellent extracted RF performances of the probe are observed up to 30?GHz, showing an insertion loss better than 2.2?dB and return loss better than 20?dB over the frequency range. An ageing study shows the probes are capable of forming this dc contact for over 6000 contact cycles. The preliminary result of the repeatability of on-wafer one-port measurements with the miniaturized probe shows a consistent RF performance maintained through several contacts. The data indicates that the proposed MEMS probe is suitable for the high-frequency characterization of integrated nanoscale devices having reduced pad dimensions.

  8. Biological neural networks as model systems for designing future parallel processing computers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ross, Muriel D.

    1991-01-01

    One of the more interesting debates of the present day centers on whether human intelligence can be simulated by computer. The author works under the premise that neurons individually are not smart at all. Rather, they are physical units which are impinged upon continuously by other matter that influences the direction of voltage shifts across the units membranes. It is only the action of a great many neurons, billions in the case of the human nervous system, that intelligent behavior emerges. What is required to understand even the simplest neural system is painstaking analysis, bit by bit, of the architecture and the physiological functioning of its various parts. The biological neural network studied, the vestibular utricular and saccular maculas of the inner ear, are among the most simple of the mammalian neural networks to understand and model. While there is still a long way to go to understand even this most simple neural network in sufficient detail for extrapolation to computers and robots, a start was made. Moreover, the insights obtained and the technologies developed help advance the understanding of the more complex neural networks that underlie human intelligence.

  9. Designing out vulnerability, building in respect: violence, safety and sex work policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teela Sanders; Rosie Campbell

    2007-01-01

    One recent finding about the prostitution market is the differences in the extent and nature of violence experienced between women who work on the street and those who work from indoor sex work venues.This paper brings together extensive qualitative fieldwork from two cities in the UK to unpack the intricacies in relation to violence and safety for indoor workers. Firstly,

  10. Investigating shoulder muscle loading and exerted forces during wall painting tasks: influence of gender, work height and paint tool design.

    PubMed

    Rosati, Patricia M; Chopp, Jaclyn N; Dickerson, Clark R

    2014-07-01

    The task of wall painting produces considerable risk to the workers, both male and female, primarily in the development of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Insufficient information is currently available regarding the potential benefits of using different paint roller designs or the possible adverse effects of painting at different work heights. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gender, work height, and paint tool design on shoulder muscle activity and exerted forces during wall painting. Ten young adults, five male and five female, were recruited to perform simulated wall painting at three different work heights with three different paint roller designs while upper extremity muscle activity and horizontal push force were recorded. Results demonstrated that for female participants, significantly greater total average (p = 0.007) and integrated (p = 0.047) muscle activity was present while using the conventional and curly flex paint roller designs compared to the proposed design in which the load was distributed between both hands. Additionally, for both genders, the high working height imposed greater muscular demands compared to middle and low heights. These findings suggest that, if possible, avoid painting at extreme heights (low or high) and that for female painters, consider a roller that requires the use of two hands; this will reduce fatigue onset and subsequently mitigate potential musculoskeletal shoulder injury risks. PMID:24636728

  11. Operable Unit 3-14, Tank Farm Soil and INTEC Groundwater Remedial Design\\/Remedial Action Scope of Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. E. Shanklin

    2007-01-01

    This Remedial Design\\/Remedial Action (RD\\/RA) Scope of Work pertains to OU 3-14 Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center and the Idaho National Laboratory and identifies the remediation strategy, project scope, schedule, and budget that implement the tank farm soil and groundwater remediation, in accordance with the May 2007 Record of Decision. Specifically, this RD\\/RA Scope of Work identifies and defines

  12. The Bark Camp Run demonstration constructed wetlands: Findings and recommendations for future design criteria

    SciTech Connect

    Hellier, W.W. [PA Dept. of Environmental Protection, Hawk Run, PA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The performance of six wetlands built to ameliorate acid mine drainage has been analyzed over 806 days. The wetlands are each 52 m x 8 m at the water surface, with a 5 cm surface water column and 60 cm depth of substrate consisting of horse manure mixed with an equal volume of SiO{sub 2} stone. Each wetland has a 1 mm polyethylene liner and wooden deflectors ever 2 m to promote uniform flow. The dominant macrophyte is Typha latifolia. Flows are {approximately}10 m{sup 3}/d. Tracer studies showed that the mine drainage flows through both the surface water column and the substrate, and a one-dimensional flow model appears satisfactorily to explain the performance of the wetlands. Wetlands should be designed to achieve uniform flow and to maintain flow through the substrate A polishing area of a few m{sup 2} with a substrate consisting only of limestone chips appears to be helpful in maintaining effluent alkalinity. Simple mathematical models were developed to assess the performance of the constructed wetlands. Removal of Fe{sup +3} is by hydrolysis, followed by reduction to Fe{sup 2+} and incorporation into the substrate. Removal of Al{sup +3} is by hydrolysis. The observed removal rates of 1g d{sup -1} m{sup -2} for Fe{sup +3} and 0.5g d{sup -1} m{sup -2} for Al{sup +3}, combine with concurrent neutralization of the resulting H{sup +}, to give an acidity removal rate of 5.5g d{sup -1} m{sup -2}. A zero-order rate law can be used to describe the observed rate of Fe{sup +3} removal First-order rate laws also produce good representations for the rates of Fe{sup +3} and Al{sup +3} removal. Effluent Mn concentration > influent [Mn], and declines in accordance with a first-order rate law, indicative of desorption of Mn{sup 2+} initially present in the substrate. This may explain past difficulties in assessing Mn removal in anaerobic constructed wetlands.

  13. Work in progress — Designing computer technology Learning modules in a 4th grade curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer A. Polack-Wahl

    2007-01-01

    In the year 2000, the Virginia Department of Education created the Standards of Learning in Computer Technology and in the near future they plan on administrating a Standards of Learning exam to all students in 5th, 8th, and 12th grade. Nevertheless, no standard curriculum for technology exists in the Virginia Public Schools. While the technology mission for the local public

  14. Statistical Power for Regression Discontinuity Designs in Education: Empirical Estimates of Design Effects Relative to Randomized Controlled Trials. Working Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deke, John; Dragoset, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    The regression discontinuity design (RDD) has the potential to yield findings with causal validity approaching that of the randomized controlled trial (RCT). However, Schochet (2008a) estimated that, on average, an RDD study of an education intervention would need to include three to four times as many schools or students as an RCT to produce…

  15. Building Evidence-based Practice in AAC Display Design for Young Children: Current Practices and Future Directions.

    PubMed

    Thistle, Jennifer J; Wilkinson, Krista M

    2015-06-01

    Each time a practitioner creates or modifies an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) display for a client, that practitioner must make a series of decisions about which vocabulary concepts to include, as well as physical and organizational features of the display. Yet, little is known about what factors influence the actual decisions and their outcomes. This research examined the design factors identified as priorities by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) when creating AAC displays for young children (age 10 years and under), and their rationale for the selection of these priorities. An online survey gathered ratings and comments from 112 SLPs with experience in AAC concerning the importance of a variety of factors related to designing an aided AAC display. Results indicated that some decisions were supported by existing research evidence, such as choosing vocabulary, collaborating with key stakeholders, and supporting partner modeling. Other decisions highlight areas for future research, including use of visual scene display layouts, symbol background color, and supports for motor planning. PMID:25892523

  16. Privacy Preserving Challenges: New Design Aspects for Latent Fingerprint Detection Systems with ContactLess Sensors for Future Preventive Applications in Airport Luggage Handling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mario Hildebrandt; Jana Dittmann; Matthias Pocs; Michael Ulrich; Ronny Merkel; Thomas Fries

    2011-01-01

    \\u000a This paper provides first ideas and considerations for designing and developing future technologies relevant for challenging\\u000a privacy-preserving preventive applications of contact-less sensors. We introduce four use-cases: preventive detailed acquisition\\u000a of fingerprints, coarse scans for fingerprint localisation, separation of overlapping fingerprints and age determination for\\u000a manipulation detection and automatic securing of evidence. To enable and support these four use-cases in future,

  17. Designing for Diagnosing: Introduction to the Special Issue on Diagnostic Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monika Büscher; Jacki O’Neill; John Rooksby

    2009-01-01

    When faced with anything out of the ordinary, faulty or suspicious, the work of determining and categorizing the trouble,\\u000a and scoping for what to do about it (if anything) often go hand in hand—this is diagnostic work. In all its expert and non-expert\\u000a forms diagnostic work is often both intellectual and embodied, collaborative and distributed, and ever more deeply entangled

  18. About the Work of Art The art in Maple Hall is designed to give students a home away from

    E-print Network

    Mayfield, John

    About the Work of Art The art in Maple Hall is designed to give students a home away from home, cast iron implements, tramp art, building ornamentation, lace and textures carved in wood. Braaksma itself, Wild Goose Chase, is a reference to a quilting pattern. The terrazzo floors integrate the art

  19. About the Work of Art Initially trained in stained glass, Philadelphia artist Ray King has been designing, creating and

    E-print Network

    Mayfield, John

    About the Work of Art Initially trained in stained glass, Philadelphia artist Ray King has been designing, creating and installing site-specific sculptures throughout the United States since the 1970s Building in February 1997. King's second public art project at Iowa State is Light River, installed

  20. Abstract--Multimedia groupware systems provide rich support for distributed team work. Yet effective design of these systems is

    E-print Network

    Greenberg, Saul

    1 Abstract--Multimedia groupware systems provide rich support for distributed team work. Yet evolve design ideas. The problem is that multimedia groupware is hard to prototype because distributed multimedia systems are complex to implement. To solve this problem, we offer the Collabrary, a toolkit

  1. Abstract--Multimedia groupware systems provide rich support for distributed team work. Yet effective design of these

    E-print Network

    Greenberg, Saul

    Abstract--Multimedia groupware systems provide rich support for distributed team work. Yet evolve design ideas. The problem is that multimedia groupware is hard to prototype because distributed multimedia systems are complex to implement. To solve this problem, we offer the Collabrary, a toolkit

  2. Intensification of the Students' Self-Development Process When Performing Design and Settlement Works on the "Machine Parts" Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timerbaev, Rais Mingalievich; Muhutdinov, Rafis Habreevich; Danilov, Valeriy Fedorovich

    2015-01-01

    The article addresses issues related to the methodology of intensifying self-development process when performing design and settlement works on the "Machine Parts" course for the students studying in such areas of training as "Technology" and "Vocational Education" with the use of computer technologies. At the same…

  3. Conceptualising future change in corporate sustainability reporting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol A. Adams; Glen Whelan

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conceptualise how future changes in corporate social disclosure (CSD), aimed at improving accountability for corporate performance to key stakeholder groups, might be brought about. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Drawing on the work of the Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises with respect to human (and organisational) action and the work of Leon Festinger and

  4. Design for end-user acceptance: requirements for work clothing for fishermen in Mediterranean and northern fishing grounds.

    PubMed

    Storholmen, Tore Christian Bjorsvik; Naesgaard, Ole Petter; Faerevik, Hilde; Reitan, Jarl; Holmen, Ingunn Marie; Reinertsen, Randi Eidsmo

    2012-01-01

    Fishing is one of the most dangerous occupations, and as many as 24,000 fishermen around the world suffer fatal injuries or drowning at sea every year. Although fishermen in the European fishing fleet work in harsh and dangerous environments, many fishermen do not use personal protective clothing and buoyancy aids due to reduced work comfort and poor functionality. This emphasizes the importance of designing work clothing and personal protective equipment (PPE) with functionality that matches the fishermen's needs. The aim of this study was to identify the requirements for work clothing in terms of comfort, protection, and safety for fishermen operating in northern fishing grounds and in the Mediterranean. Furthermore, we investigated whether fishermen in the Mediterranean prioritize work-clothing requirements differently from fishermen in northern fishing grounds. Interviews and observations of fishermen provided us with the requirements for work clothing for fishermen. A questionnaire was then distributed to a selection of European fishermen. The study showed that fishermen operating in the Mediterranean prioritized their requirements differently from fishermen in northern fishing grounds. There was good agreement on requirements regarding work comfort. Safety requirements, such as integrated buoyancy, were ranked as less important by the Mediterranean fishermen compared to fishermen in northern fishing grounds. The results of this study provide a basis for the development of work clothing and PPE for fishermen. Work clothing and PPE that fulfil the requirements are likely to obtain end-user acceptance and thus improve safety for fishermen at sea. PMID:22669810

  5. DOES UNIFORM DESIGN REALLY WORK IN STATED CHOICE MODELING? A SIMULATION STUDY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donggen Wang; Pengfei Li

    2005-01-01

    Stated preference\\/choice methods have become established modeling tools for transportation studies. At the core of these methods is experimental design, which usually employs orthogonal arrays. This conventional design method, however, imposes constraints on the number of attributes and\\/or levels that may be included in a study, for the number of profiles it provides may be too large to handle, particularly

  6. Value Engineering. "A Working Tool for Cost Control in the Design of Educational Facilities."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Jerry

    Value Engineering (VE) is a cost optimizing technique used to analyze design quality and cost-effectiveness. The application of VE procedures to the design and construction of school facilities has been adopted by the state of Washington. By using VE, the optimum value for every life cycle dollar spent on a facility is obtained by identifying not…

  7. VxWorks-based real-time data gathering software design for seismic data acquisition system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hong-cai Cheng; Ping Cao; Ke-zhu Song; Jun-feng Yang; Fu-Ming Ruan

    2010-01-01

    A real-time data gathering design is introduced in this paper, which can be used in remote sensing system as seismic data acquisition system. Generally, this kind of system is designed as distributed formation. Data acquired remotely should be transferred to a storage device or analysis center continuously. With the growing of remote sensing scale, it is more difficult to gather

  8. Work in progress - activities that capstone teams use to create innovative design in bioengineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Besterfield-Sacre; Renee M. Clark; Larry J. Shuman

    2008-01-01

    Engineering design is a social and a cognitive process: an opportunity resolved though a question-driven, divergent progression that builds upon knowledge about clients and users, needs and specifications, technology and market assessments, and other constraints. In order to educate engineers with the ability to be innovative designers, we need to better understand the complicated processes engineering students utilize when developing

  9. Arcadia as Utopia in Contemporary Landscape Design: The Work of Bernard Lassus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Bann

    2003-01-01

    This article considers the concept of the utopia from the point of view of garden design. It begins with an evocation of the `Jardin de Julie', the literary garden described in Rousseau and acutely analysed by Louis Marin. It then passes to a series of actual gardens created by the French contemporary designer Bernard Lassus, in which the use of

  10. A diary study of work-related reading: design implications for digital reading devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annette Adler; Anuj Gujar; Beverly L. Harrison; Kenton O'Hara; Abigail Sellen

    1998-01-01

    In this paper we describe a diary study of how people read in the course of their daily working lives. Fifteen people from a wide variety of professions were asked to log their daily document activity for a period of 5 consecutive working days. Using structured interviews, we analysed their reading activities in detail. We examine the range of reading

  11. Work domain analysis and ecological interface design for the vehicle routing problem

    E-print Network

    Ingrand, François

    and EID for the VRP IFAC HMS 2010 1 / 22 #12;Outline 1 Introduction 2 Proposed DSS 3 Work Domain Analysis, Cegarra, Lopez (LAAS, CLLE) WDA and EID for the VRP IFAC HMS 2010 2 / 22 #12;Outline 1 Introduction 2 Conclusions and further work Gacias, Cegarra, Lopez (LAAS, CLLE) WDA and EID for the VRP IFAC HMS 2010 3 / 22

  12. Summary of Tertiary investigations in western Saudi Arabia, current work by the U.S. Geological Survey and recommended future studies

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hadley, Donald G.; Schmidt, Dwight Lyman; Coleman, Robert Griffin

    1983-01-01

    In 1936, geologic work related to the Tertiary System in western Saudi Arabia began with a study of the Umm Gerad barite deposit by K. S. Twitchell. In 1944, a study focusing specifically on Tertiary rocks was conducted by Steineke and others near Jiddah. Small-scale mapping of Tertiary sequences began in 1950 in southwestern Saudi Arabia and later in northern 3audi Arabia as part of the Kingdom's early mapping program. These studies were part of a larger program being directed by the Government of Saudi Arabia in connection with mineral resource investigations. In the mid- to late-1960's, the Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres discovered mineralized Tertiary rocks al Jabal Dhaylan and began a study, which continues to the present, of both the Tertiary rocks and the mineralization. Following a number of early local studies, in 1973 the U.S. Geological Survey began detailed study of the Tertiary layered rocks along the Red Sea coastal plain south of Jiddah. More recently, Riofinex and Seltrust have been exploring for selected commodities in Tertiary sequences of northwestern Saudi Arabia and the Red Sea coastal plain. Results of these studies, including work by the Saudi Arabian Directorate General of Mineral Resources and the Saudi government agency preceding it, are summarized in this report. Characteristics of the Tertiary rocks south of lat 23? N. and the Tertiary mineral deposits of western Saudi Arabia are also summarized. Recommendations are made for future geologic studies and mineral assessment of the Tertiary rocks of western Saudi Arabia.

  13. ED-WAVE tool design approach: case of Limbe wastewater treatment works, Blantyre, Malawi

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victor Chipofya; Andrzej Kraslawski; Yury Avramenko

    2010-01-01

    The ED-WAVE tool is a PC based package for imparting training on wastewater treatment technologies. The system consists of four modules viz. Reference Library, Process Builder, Case Study Manager, and Treatment Adviser. The principles of case-based design (CBD) and case-based reasoning (CBR) as applied in the ED-WAVE tool are utilised in this paper to evaluate the design approach of Limbe

  14. Imagineering Future Learning Designs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glines, Don

    2000-01-01

    Educational change can result in meaningful, holistic learning if communities educate constituents on the need for new societal and educational paradigms; begin a process of disorienting away from old school structures while orienting toward the new; develop a person-based educational philosophy; establish research and development learning…

  15. Designing Effective Science Instruction: What Works in Science Classrooms (e-book)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Anne Tweed

    2009-10-13

    Science teachers, like all teachers, start each school year with high hopes and expectations for students to succeed. They plan their lessons, scramble to get the necessary equipment, and work hard to engage their students. However, despite good intention

  16. Participatory Action Research in the Implementing Process of Evidence-Based Intervention to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Project Design of the “Healthy Future” Study

    PubMed Central

    Stormark, Kjell Morten

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To describe the design of the developmental project Healthy Future that aims to implement a new evidence-based program for the prevention of childhood obesity and collaboration and sharing of work between specialist and community health care professionals in parts of a county in western Norway. Methods. Comprehensive participatory planning and evaluation (CPPE) process as an action-oriented research approach was chosen, using mixed data sources, mixed methods, and triangulation. Discussion. A bottom-up approach might decrease the barriers when new evidence-based childhood prevention interventions are going to be implemented. It is crucial not only to build partnership and shared understanding, motivation, and vision, but also to consider the frames of the organizations, such as competencies, and time to carry out the interventions at the right level of health care service and adapt to the overweight children and their families needs. Conclusion. The developmental process of new health care programs is complex and multileveled and requires a framework to guide the process. By CPPE approach evidence-based health care practice can be delivered based on research, user knowledge, and provider knowledge in the field of childhood overweight and obesity in a certain context. PMID:23956843

  17. To: University administrators responsible for code of conduct and licensing issues From: The Members of the Designated Suppliers Program (DSP) Working Group

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    : The Members of the Designated Suppliers Program (DSP) Working Group Date: September 29, 2006 Re: Revisions to the DSP The Designated Suppliers Program (DSP) Working Group has been meeting since March of this year articulated support for the DSP and expressed a commitment to work together to move the program forward

  18. Virtual patient design: exploring what works and why. A grounded theory study

    PubMed Central

    Bateman, James; Allen, Maggie; Samani, Dipti; Kidd, Jane; Davies, David

    2013-01-01

    Objectives Virtual patients (VPs) are online representations of clinical cases used in medical education. Widely adopted, they are well placed to teach clinical reasoning skills. International technology standards mean VPs can be created, shared and repurposed between institutions. A systematic review has highlighted the lack of evidence to support which of the numerous VP designs may be effective, and why. We set out to research the influence of VP design on medical undergraduates. Methods This is a grounded theory study into the influence of VP design on undergraduate medical students. Following a review of the literature and publicly available VP cases, we identified important design properties. We integrated them into two substantial VPs produced for this research. Using purposeful iterative sampling, 46 medical undergraduates were recruited to participate in six focus groups. Participants completed both VPs, an evaluation and a 1-hour focus group discussion. These were digitally recorded, transcribed and analysed using grounded theory, supported by computer-assisted analysis. Following open, axial and selective coding, we produced a theoretical model describing how students learn from VPs. Results We identified a central core phenomenon designated ‘learning from the VP’. This had four categories: VP Construction; External Preconditions; Student–VP Interaction, and Consequences. From these, we constructed a three-layer model describing the interactions of students with VPs. The inner layer consists of the student's cognitive and behavioural preconditions prior to sitting a case. The middle layer considers the VP as an ‘encoded object’, an e-learning artefact and as a ‘constructed activity’, with associated pedagogic and organisational elements. The outer layer describes cognitive and behavioural change. Conclusions This is the first grounded theory study to explore VP design. This original research has produced a model which enhances understanding of how and why the delivery and design of VPs influence learning. The model may be of practical use to authors, institutions and researchers. PMID:23662877

  19. Design and aerodynamic performance evaluation of a high-work mixed flow turbine stage

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neri, Remo N.; Elliott, Thomas J.; Marsh, David N.; Civinskas, Kestutis C.

    1994-01-01

    As axial and radial turbine designs have been pushed to their aerothermodynamic and mechanical limits, the mixed-flow turbine (MFT) concept has been projected to offer performance and durability improvements, especially when ceramic materials are considered. The objective of this NASA/U.S. Army sponsored mixed-flow turbine (AMFT) program was to determine the level of performance attainable with MFT technology within the mechanical constraints of 1997 projected ceramic material properties. The MFT geometry is similar to a radial turbine, exhibiting a large radius change from inlet to exit, but differing in that the inlet flowpath is not purely radial, nor axial, but mixed; it is the inlet geometry that gives rise to the name 'mixed-flow'. The 'mixed' orientation of the turbine inlet offers several advantages over radial designs by allowing a nonzero inlet blade angle yet maintaining radial-element blades. The oblique inlet not only improves the particle-impact survivability of the design, but improves the aerodynamic performance by reducing the incidence at the blade inlet. The difficulty, however, of using mixed-flow geometry lies in the scarcity of detailed data and documented design experience. This paper reports the design of a MFT stage designed with the intent to maximize aerodynamic performance by optimizing design parameters such as stage reaction, rotor incidence, flowpath shape, blade shape, vane geometry, and airfoil counts using 2-D, 3-D inviscid, and 3-D viscous computational fluid dynamics code. The aerodynamic optimization was accomplished while maintaining mechanical integrity with respect to vibration and stress levels in the rotor. A full-scale cold-flow rig test was performed with metallic hardware fabricated to the specifications of the hot ceramic geometry to evaluate the stage performance.

  20. Computer Assisted Instructional Design for Computer-Based Instruction. Final Report. Working Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Daniel M.; Pirolli, Peter

    Recent advances in artificial intelligence and the cognitive sciences have made it possible to develop successful intelligent computer-aided instructional systems for technical and scientific training. In addition, computer-aided design (CAD) environments that support the rapid development of such computer-based instruction have also been recently…

  1. International Workforce Initiatives: Definitions, Design Options, and Project Profiles. Working Paper Series. No. 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, J.W., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    This publication is intended for three primary audiences: international development professionals who want to define "workforce" for program design purposes, those who seek information about field activities, and those who want to reflect on the implementation of successful, high impact programs--whether they were broad-based or sector-specific…

  2. Small-Scale Design Experiments as Working Space for Larger Mobile Communication Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Sarah; Stuedahl, Dagny

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a design experiment using Instagram as a cultural probe is submitted as a method for analyzing the challenges that arise when considering the implementation of social media within a distributed communication space. It outlines how small, iterative investigations can reveal deeper research questions relevant to the education of…

  3. Assessment of steam work efficiency as applied to a turbine being designed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Astvatsaturova, A. A.; Zorin, V. M.; Trukhnii, A. D.

    2015-01-01

    Formulas for evaluating the relative internal efficiencies of turbines that have not been designed as yet are given in many publications. Such assessments are required at the first stages of development and calculation of the thermal process circuit of a new steam turbine unit. The above-mentioned formulas are given without indicating the author's name, particular initial material, and evaluation accuracy. To give an answer on these questions, the relevant publications were analyzed, and the results from calculations of relative internal efficiencies carried out using the published formulas and obtained from the hs diagrams of already designed turbines are compared. It is determined that Professor B.M. Troyanovskii, a well-known scientist specializing in turbines, is the author of these formulas. It is shown that these formulas give the "upper" (the best) estimate of efficiency. Formulas having the same structure as those of Troyanovskii but yielding a mean estimate with respect to already designed turbines are proposed. The results from the performed comparison are aimed at helping the developers of thermal process circuits for new steam turbine units to select the values of relative internal efficiencies of the cylinders for a turbine that has not been designed as yet.

  4. The Design of Performance Pay in Education. NBER Working Paper No. 16710

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neal, Derek

    2011-01-01

    This chapter analyzes the design of incentive schemes in education while reviewing empirical studies that evaluate performance pay programs for educators. Several themes emerge. First, it is difficult to use one assessment system to create both educator performance metrics and measures of student achievement. To mitigate incentives for coaching,…

  5. Get Organized at Work! A Look inside the Game Design Process of Valve and Linden Lab

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Graaf, Shenja

    2012-01-01

    This article considers the configuration of modular and temporary organization designs. By drawing on two prominent developer firms, namely, Valve Inc. and Linden Lab, respectively, "cabals" and "studios" are explored. The results of interviews conducted with employees of these firms are used as evidence. The article demonstrates that, to various…

  6. Enhancing return-to-work in cancer patients, development of an intervention and design of a randomised controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Compared to healthy controls, cancer patients have a higher risk of unemployment, which has negative social and economic impacts on the patients and on society at large. Therefore, return-to-work of cancer patients needs to be improved by way of an intervention. The objective is to describe the development and content of a work-directed intervention to enhance return-to-work in cancer patients and to explain the study design used for evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention. Development and content of the intervention The work-directed intervention has been developed based on a systematic literature review of work-directed interventions for cancer patients, factors reported by cancer survivors as helping or hindering their return-to-work, focus group and interview data for cancer patients, health care professionals, and supervisors, and vocational rehabilitation literature. The work-directed intervention consists of: 1) 4 meetings with a nurse at the treating hospital department to start early vocational rehabilitation, 2) 1 meeting with the participant, occupational physician, and supervisor to make a return-to-work plan, and 3) letters from the treating physician to the occupational physician to enhance communication. Study design to evaluate the intervention The treating physician or nurse recruits patients before the start of initial treatment. Patients are eligible when they have a primary diagnosis of cancer, will be treated with curative intent, are employed at the time of diagnosis, are on sick leave, and are between 18 and 60 years old. After the patients have given informed consent and have filled out a baseline questionnaire, they are randomised to either the control group or to the intervention group and receive either care as usual or the work-directed intervention, respectively. Primary outcomes are return-to-work and quality of life. The feasibility of the intervention and direct and indirect costs will be determined. Outcomes will be assessed by a questionnaire at baseline and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after baseline. Discussion This study will provide information about the effectiveness of a work-directed intervention for cancer patients. The intention is to implement the intervention in normal care if it has been shown effective. Trial registration NTR1658 PMID:20594347

  7. Aligning Work Practices and Mobile Technologies: Groupware Design for Loosely Coupled Mobile Groups

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Pinelle; Jeff Dyck; Carl Gutwin

    2003-01-01

    Supporting mobile collaborative work over wide areas is challenging due to the limitations and unreliability of wide area wireless networks. How- ever, variations in patterns of collaboration require different levels of timeliness and synchrony, and place different demands on groupware and its supporting technologies. In this paper, we argue that groupware supported by wide area mobile networks strongly favors loosely-coupled

  8. The Working Postures among Schoolchildren--Controlled Intervention Study on the Effects of Newly Designed Workstations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saarni, Lea; Nygrd, Clas-H kan; Rimpel, Arja; Nummi, Tapio; Kaukiainen, Anneli

    2007-01-01

    Background: School workstations are often inappropriate in not offering an optimal sitting posture. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of individually adjustable saddle-type chairs with wheels and desks with comfort curve and arm support on schoolchildren's working postures compared to conventional workstations. Methods:…

  9. Designing task visualizations to support the coordination of work in software development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christine A. Halverson; Jason B. Ellis; Catalina Danis; Wendy A. Kellogg

    2006-01-01

    Software development tools primarily focus on supporting the technical work. Yet no matter the tools employed, the process followed, or the size of the team, important aspects of development are non-technical, and largely unsupported. For example, increasing distribution of development teams highlights the issues of coordination and cooperation. This paper focuses on one area: managing change requests. Interviews with industry

  10. Design Criteria for Work-Based Learning: Merrill's First Principles of Instruction Expanded

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collis, Betty; Margaryan, Anoush

    2005-01-01

    In multinational corporations, new models of learning are developing. A particular model with direct applications for challenges facing distributed workforces is one that combines the strengths of formal and informal learning while focusing on participants' work-based tasks. An operationalisation of this model in the context of the ongoing…

  11. School-to-Work Curricula in the Middle Schools: Design, Benefits, and Concerns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finch, Curtis R.; Mooney, Marianne

    2002-01-01

    Interviews with 28 middle school staff regarding school-to-work STW curriculum implementation, focus, outcomes, and issues found a range of benefits provided to students. STW experiences contributed to young adolescent development, self-understanding, confidence, self-esteem, motivation, and responsibility--in other words, what middle schools were…

  12. Power Analysis in Social Work Intervention Research: Designing Cluster-Randomized Trials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Roderick A.; Bowen, Gary L.

    2009-01-01

    In cluster-randomized trials (CRTs) of social work interventions, groups are assigned to treatment conditions. Conducting a power analysis ensures that enough groups are sampled for testing hypotheses. The power analysis method and inputs must be informed by the hypotheses, effects to be tested, and the data analysis plans. The authors present a…

  13. Design of VxWorks-based software architecture for space optical remote sensor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yu Tao; Kefei Song

    2011-01-01

    In order to satisfy requirements of real time and parallel control for the space optical remote sensor and implement the high integration of software, a kind of VxWorks-based multitask software architecture was put forward. Firstly, the technological requirements of optical remote sensor were analyzed in detail and functions and performances of the optical remote sensor were fixed. Task that was

  14. Work in Progress: Design of a Visual Learning Tool for Japanese

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yasmin Bhattacharya; Madhumita Bhattacharya

    2006-01-01

    Learning Japanese is important for engineering students to be able to work in Japanese companies and to share Japanese technical know how. Learning technical Japanese is very difficult because it consists of complex Kanjis (Chinese characters). This project concentrates on the development of the students' ability to learn Kanji. In this project we developed a tool that will help students

  15. Using optimization and lean principles to design work cells and make capital purchase decisions for hole drilling operations in turbine airfoil manufacturing

    E-print Network

    Neal, Thomas E. (Thomas Eugene)

    2006-01-01

    Classical manufacturing work cells have machines to perform each operation in the process, the number of each type of machine being chosen so that all machines would be equally busy. Although design of work cells for ...

  16. Past, Present, and Future Challenges in Earthquake Hazard Mitigation of Indonesia: A Collaborative Work of Geological Agency Indonesia and Geoscience Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hidayati, S.; Cummins, P. R.; Cipta, A.; Omang, A.; Griffin, J.; Horspool, N.; Robiana, R.; Sulaeman, C.

    2012-12-01

    In the last decade, Indonesia has suffered from earthquakes disaster since four out of twelve of the world's large earthquakes with more than 1000 causalities occurred in Indonesia. The great Sumatra earthquake of December 26, 2004 followed by tsunami which cost 227,898 of lives has brought Indonesia and its active tectonic setting to the world's attention. Therefore the government of Indonesia encourages hazard mitigation efforts that are more focused on the pre-disaster phase. In response to government policy in earthquake disaster mitigation, Geological Agency Indonesia attempts to meet the need for rigorous earthquake hazard map throughout the country in provincial scale in 2014. A collaborative work with Geoscience Australia through short-term training missions; on-going training, mentoring, assistance and studying in Australia, under the auspices of Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR) have accelerated the execution of these maps. Since 2010 to date of collaboration, by using probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) method, provincial earthquake hazard maps of Central Java (2010), West Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and North Maluku (2011) have been published. In 2012, by the same method, the remaining provinces of Sulawesi Island, Papua, North Sumatera and Jambi will be published. In the end of 2014, all 33 Indonesian provinces hazard maps will be delivered. The future challenges are to work together with the stakeholders, to produce district scale maps and establish a national standard for earthquake hazard maps. Moreover, the most important consideration is to build the capacity to update, maintain and revise the maps as recent information available.

  17. Results from study of potential early commercial MHD power plants and from recent ETF design work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Hals; R. Kessler; D. Swallom; L. Westra; J. Zar; W. Morgan; C. Bozzuto

    1980-01-01

    The study deals with different 'moderate technology' entry-level commercial MHD power plants. Two of the reference plants are based on combustion of coal with air preheated in a high-temperature regenerative air heater separately fired with a low-BTU gas produced in a gasifier integrated with the power plant. The third reference plant design is based on the use of oxygen enriched

  18. Exploratory Shaft Seismic Design Basis Working Group report; Yucca Mountain Project

    SciTech Connect

    Subramanian, C.V. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA); King, J.L. [Science Applications International Corp., Las Vegas, NV (USA); Perkins, D.M. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA); Mudd, R.W. [Fenix and Scisson, Inc., Tulsa, OK (USA); Richardson, A.M. [Parsons, Brinckerhoff, Quade and Douglas, Inc., San Francisco, CA (USA); Calovini, J.C. [Holmes and Narver, Inc., Las Vegas, NV (USA); Van Eeckhout, E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Emerson, D.O. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)

    1990-08-01

    This report was prepared for the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP), which is managed by the US Department of Energy. The participants in the YMP are investigating the suitability of a site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, for construction of a repository for high-level radioactive waste. An exploratory shaft facility (ESF) will be constructed to permit site characterization. The major components of the ESF are two shafts that will be used to provide access to the underground test areas for men, utilities, and ventilation. If a repository is constructed at the site, the exploratory shafts will be converted for use as intake ventilation shafts. In the context of both underground nuclear explosions (conducted at the nearby Nevada Test Site) and earthquakes, the report contains discussions of faulting potential at the site, control motions at depth, material properties of the different rock layers relevant to seismic design, the strain tensor for each of the waveforms along the shaft liners, and the method for combining the different strain components along the shaft liners. The report also describes analytic methods, assumptions used to ensure conservatism, and uncertainties in the data. The analyses show that none of the shafts` structures, systems, or components are important to public radiological safety; therefore, the shafts need only be designed to ensure worker safety, and the report recommends seismic design parameters appropriate for this purpose. 31 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  19. Dependence of the mechanical behavior of alloys on their electron work function—An alternative parameter for materials design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Hao; Hua, Guomin; Li, Dongyang

    2013-12-01

    In this article, we demonstrate that the electron work function (EWF) as an intrinsic parameter can provide information or clues in a simple or straightforward way for material design, modification, and development. A higher work function of a material represents a more stable electronic state, which consequently generates a higher resistance to any attempt of changing the electronic state and other corresponding states, e.g., changes in structure or microstructure caused by mechanical and electrochemical actions. Using Cu-Ni alloy as an example, we demonstrate the correlation between the EWF and Young's modulus of the material as well as its hardness. The properties of a material can be modified using elements with appropriate work functions. This is also applicable for tailoring inter-phase boundaries or interfaces.

  20. Ergonomic evaluation of footrest designs for sitting and standing work postures 

    E-print Network

    Gray, Jada Lea

    1993-01-01

    A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Jerome J. Congleton Sitting or standing throughout a work day can cause swelling in the legs and colder skin. The intent of this research was to investigate the physiological benefits of three... who did not have any conditions which result in fluid retention. Both limbs volumes were measured every two hours with a partial leg volumeter. Before volume was measured, limb temperature was taken with a contact thermometer. Each participant...

  1. Design of the Embedded Navigation System of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle based on the VxWorks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yushan Sun; Lei Wan; Xiao Liang; Yongjie Pang

    2007-01-01

    The embedded navigation system of autonomous underwater vehicle is introduced, which includes navigation overall architecture, hardware and software structure. The navigation system based on PC104 bus adopts the VxWorks system, which is a powerful real-time operating system. Intel PIIX-4 is used as the navigation controller's CPU. Meanwhile, the whole information flow of the navigation system is also discussed in this

  2. Intelligent Fiber Optic Sensor for Estimating the Concentration of a Mixture-Design and Working Principle

    PubMed Central

    Borecki, Michal

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the construction and working principles of an intelligent fiber-optic intensity sensor used for examining the concentration of a mixture in conjunction with water. It can find applications e.g. in waste-water treatment plant for selection of a treatment process. The sensor head is the end of a large core polymer optical fiber, which constitutes one arm of an asymmetrical coupler. The head works on the reflection intensity basis. The reflected signal level depends on the Fresnel reflection from the air and from the mixture examined when the head is immersed in it. The sensor head is mounted on a lift. For detection purposes the signal can be measured on head submerging, submersion, emerging and emergence. Therefore, the measured signal depends on the surface tension, viscosity, turbidity and refraction coefficient of the solution. The signal coming from the head is processed electrically in an opto-electronic interface. Then it is fed to a neural network. The novelty of the proposed sensor lies in that it contains an asymmetrical coupler and a neural network that works in the generalization mode. The sensor resolution depends on the efficiency of the asymmetrical coupler, the precision of the opto-electronic signal conversion and the learning accuracy of the neural network. Therefore, the number and quality of the points used for the learning process is very important. By way of example, the paper describes a sensor intended for examining the concentration of liquid soap in water.

  3. The impact of computer implementation on nursing work patterns: study design and preliminary results.

    PubMed

    Burkle, T; Kuch, R; Passian, A; Prokosch, U; Dudeck, J

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes a three phase evaluation of nursing work patterns on two University Hospital Giessen medical wards and the influence of introducing electronic data processing into the nursing environment. Results of the first phase are presented. The first phase was a baseline evaluation prior to the introduction of any electronic data processing functions. Work sampling showed that, on average, 15% of a nurse's time was spent providing general nursing care, 35% on special nursing care, and 30% on administrative activities. The remaining 20% was used for activities not directly related to nursing. In addition, a survey was conducted, revealing that about one third of the nursing staff had had contact with computers prior to start of the study. The enthusiastic attitude toward using computers on the ward was striking. Nursing staff expected that their work would be easier after the introduction of computers, that electronic data processing would save time, and that the computers would be easy to use. The staff did not express such positive expectations for the use of bedside terminals or portable devices. PMID:8591437

  4. Aviation in the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayten, Gerald G.

    1974-01-01

    Makes predications concerning future aerospace technology in the areas of supersonic transportation, aircraft design, airfreight, military aviation, hypersonic aircraft and in the much distant future sub-orbital, rocket propelled transports. (BR)

  5. FutureGen Project Report

    SciTech Connect

    Cabe, Jim; Elliott, Mike

    2010-09-30

    This report summarizes the comprehensive siting, permitting, engineering, design, and costing activities completed by the FutureGen Industrial Alliance, the Department of Energy, and associated supporting subcontractors to develop a first of a kind near zero emissions integrated gasification combined cycle power plant and carbon capture and storage project (IGCC-CCS). With the goal to design, build, and reliably operate the first IGCC-CCS facility, FutureGen would have been the lowest emitting pulverized coal power plant in the world, while providing a timely and relevant basis for coal combustion power plants deploying carbon capture in the future. The content of this report summarizes key findings and results of applicable project evaluations; modeling, design, and engineering assessments; cost estimate reports; and schedule and risk mitigation from initiation of the FutureGen project through final flow sheet analyses including capital and operating reports completed under DOE award DE-FE0000587. This project report necessarily builds upon previously completed siting, design, and development work executed under DOE award DE-FC26- 06NT4207 which included the siting process; environmental permitting, compliance, and mitigation under the National Environmental Policy Act; and development of conceptual and design basis documentation for the FutureGen plant. For completeness, the report includes as attachments the siting and design basis documents, as well as the source documentation for the following: • Site evaluation and selection process and environmental characterization • Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permit Application including well design and subsurface modeling • FutureGen IGCC-CCS Design Basis Document • Process evaluations and technology selection via Illinois Clean Coal Review Board Technical Report • Process flow diagrams and heat/material balance for slurry-fed gasifier configuration • Process flow diagrams and heat/material balance for dry-fed gasifier configuration • Full capital cost report and cost category analysis (CAPEX) • Full operating cost report and assumptions (OPEX) Comparative technology evaluations, value engineering exercises, and initial air permitting activities are also provided; the report concludes with schedule, risk, and cost mitigation activities as well as lessons learned such that the products of this report can be used to support future investments in utility scale gasification and carbon capture and sequestration. Collectively, the FutureGen project enabled the comprehensive site specific evaluation and determination of the economic viability of IGCC-CCS. The project report is bound at that determination when DOE formally proposed the FutureGen 2.0 project which focuses on repowering a pulverized coal power plant with oxy-combustion technology including CCS.

  6. Spoke cavity power coupler conceptual design work for the HEL-JTO beam exp.

    SciTech Connect

    Rusnak, B

    2007-10-09

    The objective of this report was to create a low-cost, modest-power RF coupler for a SRF spoke cavity beam test of electrons test to be done at LANL. Developing the design for this magnetically-coupled SRF spoke cavity testing coupler was basically straightforward since the cavity coupling port needed to be one of the 1.22-inch ID ports, and the power level was limited by the available RF to less than 400 W TW power. In addition, the coupler would be immersed in bath cryostat filled with liquid helium, and ultimately used in a pulsed mode to accelerate beam, thereby significantly relaxing the thermal loads on the coupler. Combining the above considerations with the level of resources available for this task, emphasis was placed on rapidly developing a robust, reliable design that would use commercially-available components as available to save design, engineering, and fabrication costs. Analysis was also kept to a minimum. As such, the design incorporates the following features: (1) Use of a commercially-available Type-N ceramic feedthrough. For the power and frequency range of the test, with the feedthrough immersed in LHe, it was felt the Type-N feedthrough would provide a robust, low-cost vacuum window solution. (2) The coupler outer conductors would be solid OFE copper that is brazed into two 2.75-inch CFF, with the cavity-sde flange being rotatable to allow minor Qx adjustments by rotating the coupler. The braze joint shown has the copper brazed into a groove in the SST to ensure maximum strength for successive thermal cyclings. The outer wall of the copper between the two flanges serves as the heat sink for depositing coupler heat to the liquid helium. (3) The inner conductor would be solid OFE copper brazed to the outer conductor at the top to ensure maximum thermal conductivity from the outer thermal sink area to the base of the feedthrough. A mass-reducing hole is placed down the center of the inner conductor to decrease thermal mass and weight. (4) This assembly would be mated to the Type-N feedthrough by pushing the pin from the feedthrough into a spring-loaded connector on the base of the inner conductor, then bolting the flanges together. (5) If the coupling needs to be greatly reduced, an additional 1/2-inch CFF can be inserted between the coupler and cavity flanges. Increasing the coupling can be done with a 3 stub tuner.

  7. Design and implementation of a universal controller working under the MCX-16 real-time kernel 

    E-print Network

    Xue, Yuannong

    1995-01-01

    of the developed software. ~ Develop a controller interface program using Visual Basic. This interface is a Microsoft Windows application that communicates with the designed controller system via a RS-232 interface. It can store and retrieve real time data... comprising a byte of a word. Ai-A15 AO D Al Dl AO DO Al Dl D7 A14 D A14 MCM60L256 MCM60L256 DS-D15 DO-D7 Figure 7 Program code memory 18 Program code memory is only word addressable, because MC68HC16 instructions are word bounded. Address bus...

  8. Design of a 4-DOF MR haptic master for application to robot surgery: virtual environment work

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oh, Jong-Seok; Choi, Seung-Hyun; Choi, Seung-Bok

    2014-09-01

    This paper presents the design and control performance of a novel type of 4-degrees-of-freedom (4-DOF) haptic master in cyberspace for a robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (RMIS) application. By using a controllable magnetorheological (MR) fluid, the proposed haptic master can have a feedback function for a surgical robot. Due to the difficulty in utilizing real human organs in the experiment, the cyberspace that features the virtual object is constructed to evaluate the performance of the haptic master. In order to realize the cyberspace, a volumetric deformable object is represented by a shape-retaining chain-linked (S-chain) model, which is a fast volumetric model and is suitable for real-time applications. In the haptic architecture for an RMIS application, the desired torque and position induced from the virtual object of the cyberspace and the haptic master of real space are transferred to each other. In order to validate the superiority of the proposed master and volumetric model, a tracking control experiment is implemented with a nonhomogenous volumetric cubic object to demonstrate that the proposed model can be utilized in real-time haptic rendering architecture. A proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is then designed and empirically implemented to accomplish the desired torque trajectories. It has been verified from the experiment that tracking the control performance for torque trajectories from a virtual slave can be successfully achieved.

  9. Graphical simulation of the factory of the future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dieter W. Wloka

    1986-01-01

    The Factory of the Future will consist of flexible manufacturing cells, each containing robots which work together. Many aspects related to the design and programming of Factory of the Future can be solved using computer simulations. This paper describes a graphical simulation system called ROBSIM. ROBSIM ranges from construction of 3D graphic models of robot cells, programming using graphical teach-in,

  10. Methane and nitrous oxide emissions in the littoral zone of a Chinese reservoir: environmental controls and implications for future designs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Meng; Lei, Guangchun; Grace, John; Geng, Xuemeng; Lu, Cai; Zhou, Yan; Zhu, Yi

    2015-04-01

    We report fluxes of CH4 and N2O using the static closed chamber and gas chromatography techniques from the littoral zone of Miyun Reservoir, a large reservoir providing water for Beijing. Seasonal and spatial variations of CH4 and N2O flux and environmental factors were monitored throughout the growing season including a flood event during summer rains. The littoral zone was divided into five areas based on water level. Sites were selected ranging from locations in open water to the dry area on higher ground, to provide five contrasting environments: deep water area, shallow water area, seasonal flooded area, 'seasonally flooded control' area and permanent non-flooded area. Our results showed that flooding increased CH4 emission sharply but did not influence N2O emission significantly. CH4 flux decreased along a transect from open water to dry land, from 3.1 mg m-2 h-1 at the deep water site to approximately 1.3 mg m-2 h-1 at the shallow water site, and less than 0.01 mg m-2 h-1 in the non-flooded area. The largest emission of all was from the seasonally flooded site after the flooding event (up to 21.1 mg m-2 h-1). N2O flux ranged from -2.97 ?g m-2 h-1 to 180.06 ?g m-2 h-1. Non flooded dry land emitted more N2O than flooded land, no matter whether it was permanently or seasonally flooded. No significant difference was observed between seasonally flooded sites (3.56±0.86 ?g m-2 h-1) and their control sites (3.68±0.59 ?g m-2 h-1). CH4 fluxes were correlated with air temperature, water depth, water dissolved oxygen, biomass and soil parameters including soil water content, bulk density, pH, total carbon, total nitrogen and NH4+. N2O fluxes were correlated with wind speed, air temperature, water dissolved oxygen, soil water content and soil NO3-. Thus the emissions of the two gases are controlled in different ways, and we discuss the possibilities of developing a spatio-temporal model to assist in the design and management of future reservoirs under a changing climate.

  11. Designing a workplace return-to-work program for occupational low back pain: an intervention mapping approach

    PubMed Central

    Ammendolia, Carlo; Cassidy, David; Steensta, Ivan; Soklaridis, Sophie; Boyle, Eleanor; Eng, Stephanie; Howard, Hamer; Bhupinder, Bains; Côté, Pierre

    2009-01-01

    Background Despite over 2 decades of research, the ability to prevent work-related low back pain (LBP) and disability remains elusive. Recent research suggests that interventions that are focused at the workplace and incorporate the principals of participatory ergonomics and return-to-work (RTW) coordination can improve RTW and reduce disability following a work-related back injury. Workplace interventions or programs to improve RTW are difficult to design and implement given the various individuals and environments involved, each with their own unique circumstances. Intervention mapping provides a framework for designing and implementing complex interventions or programs. The objective of this study is to design a best evidence RTW program for occupational LBP tailored to the Ontario setting using an intervention mapping approach. Methods We used a qualitative synthesis based on the intervention mapping methodology. Best evidence from systematic reviews, practice guidelines and key articles on the prognosis and management of LBP and improving RTW was combined with theoretical models for managing LBP and changing behaviour. This was then systematically operationalized into a RTW program using consensus among experts and stakeholders. The RTW Program was further refined following feedback from nine focus groups with various stakeholders. Results A detailed five step RTW program was developed. The key features of the program include; having trained personnel coordinate the RTW process, identifying and ranking barriers and solutions to RTW from the perspective of all important stakeholders, mediating practical solutions at the workplace and, empowering the injured worker in RTW decision-making. Conclusion Intervention mapping provided a useful framework to develop a comprehensive RTW program tailored to the Ontario setting. PMID:19508728

  12. Statement of work for conceptual design of solidified high-level waste interim storage system project (phase I)

    SciTech Connect

    Calmus, R.B., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-12-17

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has embarked upon a course to acquire Hanford Site tank waste treatment and immobilization services using privatized facilities. This plan contains a two phased approach. Phase I is a ``proof-of-principle/commercial demonstration- scale`` effort and Phase II is a full-scale production effort. In accordance with the planned approach, interim storage (IS) and disposal of various products from privatized facilities are to be DOE furnished. The path forward adopted for Phase I solidification HLW IS entails use of Vaults 2 and 3 in the Spent Nuclear Fuel Canister Storage Building, to be located in the Hanford Site 200 East Area. This Statement of Work describes the work scope to be performed by the Architect-Engineer to prepare a conceptual design for the solidified HLW IS System.

  13. The role of structural dynamics in the design and operations of space systems: The history, the lessons, the technical challenges of the future

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ryan, Robert S.

    1994-01-01

    Structural dynamics and its auxiliary fields are the most progressive and challenging areas space system engineering design and operations face. Aerospace systems are dependent on structural dynamicists for their success. Past experiences (history) are colored with many dynamic issues, some producing ground or flight test failures. The innovation and creativity that was brought to these issues and problems are the aura from the past that lights the path to the future. Using this illumination to guide understanding of the dynamic phenomena and designing for its potential occurrence are the keys to successful space systems. Our great paradox, or challenge, is how we remain in depth specialists, yet become generalists to the degree that we make good team members and set the right priorities. This paper will deal with how we performed with acclaim in the past, the basic characteristics of structural dynamics (loads cycle, for example), and the challenges of the future.

  14. The Evolution of Art and Design Pedagogies in England: Influences of the Past, Challenges for the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Souleles, Nicos

    2013-01-01

    This article traces the historical evolution of instructional methods in art and design education in Britain to identify the influences that inform current practices and compare the latter against recent debates on what are design education and designer in the context of the global economy and the widespread use of information and communication…

  15. Resources and future supply of oil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Kjärstad; Filip Johnsson

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines global oil resources and the future global oil supply\\/demand balance. The paper builds upon several comprehensive databases designed during the work and considerable efforts have been made to review what must be considered the most reliable data. Global oil resources have been investigated on three levels; country, company and field levels.Although no decisive conclusions or quantitative assessments

  16. The integrated model for interprofessional education: a design for preparing health professions' students to work in interprofessional teams.

    PubMed

    Grapczynski, Cynthia A; Schuurman, Shelley; Booth, Andrew D; Bambini, Deborah; Beel-Bates, Cynthia

    2015-01-01

    An important element in the process of helping students learn to work interprofessionally is figuring out how to design high-impact learning experiences that engage students in meaningful learning that is collaborative and experiential and can transform students understanding of their own and others' roles in the health care process. In this article, a model for interprofessional education, the Integrated Model for Interprofessional Education (IMIPE), is shared for introducing students in the health professions to the roles and responsibilities of some of the other healthcare professionals with whom they will work in practice. The IMIPE is a process model developed by an interprofessional faculty team used as the focal point of a pilot educational event for students from nursing, occupational therapy, physician assistant studies, and social work. The IMIPE is a derived model that combines concepts of holism, participation, and practical education, grounded in the adult educational philosophy of progressivism. Progressive adult education is focused on practical knowledge and problem-solving skills. The model uses collaborative, experiential, and transformative learning approaches to foster outcomes of communication, critical reflection, teamwork, ethics, and recognition of patient-client needs. These outcomes represent those identified by the World Health Organization and the Interprofessional Education Collaborative Expert Panel. PMID:26046119

  17. FUTURE LOGISTICS LIVING LABORATORY

    E-print Network

    Heiser, Gernot

    FUTURE LOGISTICS LIVING LABORATORY Delivering Innovation The Future Logistics Living Lab that will provide logistics solutions for the future. The Living Lab is a demonstration, exhibition and work space of around 200 m² located at NICTA's Australian Technology Park offices in Redfern. The lab is driven

  18. Confinement of the radiological source term during beyond-design-basis events in future pressurized water reactors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Kessler; B. Kuczera; J. Ehrhardt; G. Henneges; W. Scholtyssek; H. W. Wiese

    1995-01-01

    Safety requirements on future nuclear power plants converge in the common objective that these plants should be so safe that even in case of a severe accident there will be no need of off-site emergency actions such as an evacuation or resettlement of the population from the vicinity of the damaged plant. It is shown by the example of a

  19. European Union Health Policy With and Without Design: Serendipity, Tragedy and the Future of EU Health Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ed Randall

    2000-01-01

    The article advances four propositions about the evolution of European Union health policy. The propositions reflect the chronological and political development of EU health policies and lead on to a discussion of the future of the EU's role in health and health-related matters. The discussion addresses questions about the effectiveness, appropriateness and legitimacy of EU health actions. These are all

  20. Hydro-economic models: Concepts, design, applications, and future prospects Julien J. Harou a,*, Manuel Pulido-Velazquez b

    E-print Network

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    ) Systems analysis Water value Water demand s u m m a r y Future water management will shift from building new water supply systems to better operating existing ones. The variation of water values in time for better management. A central concept is that water demands are not fixed requirements but rather

  1. Conceptual design of a rapid-cycling synchrotron for the KFA-Juelich spallation neutron source: working papers

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    An accelerator group was established at ANL by the request of KFA-Juelich to carry out a conceptual design study and cost estimate for a rapid-cycling synchrotron as a possible first stage program on spallation neutron sources at KFA-Juelich. This set of notes is the individual notes which form the basis of the final report under this proposal prepared in January 1983. The topics covered include: SNQ Synchrotron Lattice-I; injection and extraction orbit; extraction from SNQ-SRA; SRA injection; capture and acceleration considerations in the SNQ-SRA; longitudinal coupling impedance; power supplies for SNQ synchrotron proposals; space charge limits in the SNQ-SRA; error analysis; SNQ-SRA ring magnets preliminary designs and cost; summary of CERN booster 4-ring arrangement; V-lattices for SNQ-SRA and extraction from the V-lattices; rf parameters for capture, acceleration and extraction; some parameters of the SNQ-SRA injector system; Keil-Schnell criterion; risetime of longitudinal resistive wall instability; beam scrapers; a design of the vacuum system; some aspects of vacuum consideration for SNQ-SRA; choice working points; ring magnet power supplies for shaped extaction of 1.1 GeV SNQ; ring magnet design and costs; tune shift due to the fringing field of the quadrupoles; coherent instability due to ions in the residual gas; transverse stabilization of bunched beams; rf acceleration system; injection into the SRA; Landau damping to get transverse stability; chromaticity and amplitude dependent tune controls in the SNQ-SRA; conversion of the SNQ-SRA to a compressor ring; comments on beam loss; summary of longitudinal stability study and transverse stability study for the SNQ-SRA; and the beam stay clear regions of the SNQ-SRA. (GHT)

  2. Confinement of the radiological source term during beyond-design-basis events in future pressurized water reactors

    SciTech Connect

    Kessler, G.; Kuczera, B.; Ehrhardt, J.; Henneges, G.; Scholtyssek, W.; Wiese, H.W. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (Germany)

    1995-09-01

    Safety requirements on future nuclear power plants converge in the common objective that these plants should be so safe that even in case of a severe accident there will be no need of off-site emergency actions such as an evacuation or resettlement of the population from the vicinity of the damaged plant. It is shown by the example of a future 1,400-MW(electric) pressurized water reactor plant that this goal can be attained in principle by providing a double containment with the annulus vented via an appropriate emergency standby filter. Within the framework of severe accident consequence mitigation, a set of parameters for accident conditions and emergency filter efficiencies is elaborated under which the German lower levels of intervention for evacuation are not attained.

  3. A review of performance characteristics of satellite antennas and some observations on future directions in satellite antenna design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mittra, R.; Galindo-Israel, V.; Bathker, D. A.; Moule, W. N.

    1977-01-01

    A general review of the state-of-the-art and new directions in research and development of spacecraft antennas is presented. Three general classes of antennas are discussed: phased arrays, lenses (dielectric and waveguide), and reflector antennas. Presently, the antenna with most applications is the reflector with considerable research being performed to improve its scan and multiple beam characteristics. Future applications for spacecraft antennas and research goals to meet these projected needs also are discussed.

  4. Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan for Operable Units 6-05 and 10-04, Phase III

    SciTech Connect

    R. P. Wells

    2006-09-19

    The remedial design/remedial action for Operable Unit 6-05 (Waste Area Group 6) and Operable Unit 10-04 (Waste Area Group 10) - collectively called Operable Unit 10-04 has been divided into four phases. Phase I consists of developing and implementing institutional controls at Operable Unit 10-04 sites and developing and implementing Idaho National Laboratory-wide plans for both institutional controls and ecological monitoring. Phase II will remediate sites contaminated with trinitrotoluene and Royal Demolition Explosive. Phase III will remediate lead contamination at a gun range, and Phase IV will remediate hazards from unexploded ordnance. This Phase III remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan addresses the remediation of lead-contaminated soils found at the Security Training Facility (STF)-02 Gun Range located at the Idaho National Laboratory. Remediation of the STF-02 Gun Range will include excavating contaminated soils; physically separating copper and lead for recycling; returning separated soils below the remediation goal to the site; stabilizing contaminated soils, as required, and disposing of the separated soils that exceed the remediation goal; encapsulating and disposing of creosote-contaminated railroad ties and power poles; removing and disposing of the wooden building and asphalt pads found at the STF-02 Gun Range; sampling and analyzing soil to determine the excavation requirements; and when the remediation goals have been met, backfilling and contouring excavated areas and revegetating the affected area.

  5. The Use of the Direct Optimized Probabilistic Calculation Method in Design of Bolt Reinforcement for Underground and Mining Workings

    PubMed Central

    Krejsa, Martin; Janas, Petr; Yilmaz, I??k; Marschalko, Marian; Bouchal, Tomas

    2013-01-01

    The load-carrying system of each construction should fulfill several conditions which represent reliable criteria in the assessment procedure. It is the theory of structural reliability which determines probability of keeping required properties of constructions. Using this theory, it is possible to apply probabilistic computations based on the probability theory and mathematic statistics. Development of those methods has become more and more popular; it is used, in particular, in designs of load-carrying structures with the required level or reliability when at least some input variables in the design are random. The objective of this paper is to indicate the current scope which might be covered by the new method—Direct Optimized Probabilistic Calculation (DOProC) in assessments of reliability of load-carrying structures. DOProC uses a purely numerical approach without any simulation techniques. This provides more accurate solutions to probabilistic tasks, and, in some cases, such approach results in considerably faster completion of computations. DOProC can be used to solve efficiently a number of probabilistic computations. A very good sphere of application for DOProC is the assessment of the bolt reinforcement in the underground and mining workings. For the purposes above, a special software application—“Anchor”—has been developed. PMID:23935412

  6. The use of the direct optimized probabilistic calculation method in design of bolt reinforcement for underground and mining workings.

    PubMed

    Krejsa, Martin; Janas, Petr; Yilmaz, I??k; Marschalko, Marian; Bouchal, Tomas

    2013-01-01

    The load-carrying system of each construction should fulfill several conditions which represent reliable criteria in the assessment procedure. It is the theory of structural reliability which determines probability of keeping required properties of constructions. Using this theory, it is possible to apply probabilistic computations based on the probability theory and mathematic statistics. Development of those methods has become more and more popular; it is used, in particular, in designs of load-carrying structures with the required level or reliability when at least some input variables in the design are random. The objective of this paper is to indicate the current scope which might be covered by the new method-Direct Optimized Probabilistic Calculation (DOProC) in assessments of reliability of load-carrying structures. DOProC uses a purely numerical approach without any simulation techniques. This provides more accurate solutions to probabilistic tasks, and, in some cases, such approach results in considerably faster completion of computations. DOProC can be used to solve efficiently a number of probabilistic computations. A very good sphere of application for DOProC is the assessment of the bolt reinforcement in the underground and mining workings. For the purposes above, a special software application-"Anchor"-has been developed. PMID:23935412

  7. Bureau of School Lunches Past, Present, Future: An Overview, Working Note No. 4 in a Series: School Food Service in New York City.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of the Deputy Chancellor.

    This paper describes the early history, present status, and future trends of the Bureau of School Lunches of the New York City Board of Education. A review of its early history indicates that although various citizen groups and the Department of Welfare served lunches to needy children prior to 1946, it was the passage of the National School Lunch…

  8. Reducing travel by design: a micro analysis of new household location and the commute to work in Surrey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hickman, Robin

    Traffic volumes (and hence energy consumption) from the transport sector continue to rise, yet the potential fundamental role of urban planning in helping to reduce transport energy consumption remains to be poorly understood and hugely underplayed. Current urban planning practice, particularly in suburban areas, tends to increase traffic volumes by dispersing activities and hence facilitates private car travel rather than travel by public transport, walking or cycling. Public transport orientated development as an evolving practice tends to be focused very much on urban areas. This thesis seeks to understand the logic behind travel and suggests that urban planning can be applied more fully, at the strategic and local levels, to reduce energy consumption in car use (at least in the journey to work). The detailed analysis assesses the extent to which the design of the urban environment affects travel behaviour. The research hypothesis is that: "Journey to work travel behaviour generated by new residential development is dependent on a number of land use and socio-economic variables. The strength, significance and range of interaction vary spatially and over time." Within the analysis, the journey to work is used as the dependent variable, and is measured in terms of journey length and time, mode share and composite energy consumption. The independent variables considered include: Land use: resident population density, resident employment density, workplace population density, workplace employment density, resident population size, workplace population size, distance from urban centres and strategic transport networks, jobs-housing balance, resident classification (relative to the urban area), type of journey to work, neighbourhood streetscape design, public transport accessibility, and resident location (relative to the green belt). Socio-economic: household tenure, house type, house size, number of children, car availability, company car ownership, household income, house value, respondent sex, respondent age, marital status, occupation, qualification, attitude to travel, attitude to home and home location, reason for moving home and choosing new home location, relative levels of mobility, and dual income households. The methodological approach is to systematically examine the study hypothesis and a series of related research questions using data from the county of Surrey, UK. The empirical analysis is based on two new household occupier surveys carried out in 1998 and 2001, together with additional, complementary data taken from local authority datasets and the Census 2001. The thesis's particular originality is in providing: An examination of the complexity of the land use and transport interaction field, using energy consumption as the dependent variable and an estimation of the strength and significance of a wide range of land use and socio-economic variables - both previously researched and under researched variables A segmentation of respondents into different groups, such as stayers, inmovers and outmovers, showing the different manifestation of the land use and transport relationship for different groups within society A systematic tracking of the impact of time on the land use and transport relationship, with temporality and adaptation (including "co-location" effects) noted as critical features in travel behaviour, with the analysis controlling for potential attrition factors Analysis of a seldom-studied London fringe/suburban county such as Surrey - much previous work is concentrated on the city or other urban areas. The key findings and recommendations are that each land use, socio-economic and attitudinal variable, when considered on its own or even in small groupings, offers limited explanatory power in explaining travel behaviour. When a number of variables are brought together, including some variables not usually considered in the literature, the explanatory power of the modelling begins to work. Linear regression analysis shows that the land use and socio-economic variables, when con

  9. The robotic fac?ade : a design solution for energy conservation in the CityHome of the future

    E-print Network

    Lonergan, Ronan (Ronan Patrick)

    2011-01-01

    This project outlines a design for a fac?ade product that can potentially be used to simplify both the construction and operation of an apartment in an urban setting. Additionally, this fagade module has been conceptualized ...

  10. Alignment of Single-Case Design (SCD) Research with Individuals Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing with the What Works Clearinghouse Standards for SCD Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wendel, Erica; Cawthon, Stephanie W.; Ge, Jin Jin; Beretvas, S. Natasha

    2015-01-01

    The authors assessed the quality of single-case design (SCD) studies that assess the impact of interventions on outcomes for individuals who are deaf or hard-of-hearing (DHH). More specifically, the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) standards for SCD research were used to assess design quality and strength of evidence of peer-reviewed studies…

  11. Cognitive Systems Engineering and GIScience: Lessons learned from a work domain analysis for the design of a collaborative, multimodal emergency management GIS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isaac Brewer

    This research presents an overview of the implementation strategies, results, and lessons learned from an onsite Work Domain Analysis for the design of a multimodal emergency management GIS for hurricane response. An overview of the onsite visits including details of the knowledge elicitation techniques used (e.g. critical incident analysis, concept mapping, and design storyboarding (19),(12)) will be presented. Feedback on

  12. The Design of Training in Health Planning and Management. Report on a Working Group (Berlin, West Germany, July 3-6, 1979).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.

    The 1979 report of a working group of the World Health Organization (WHO) in cooperation with the West German government, on the design of training in health planning and management in the European region is presented. The working group consisted of 15 temporary advisers from 11 countries, in addition to WHO staff and a consultant. The group was…

  13. Unnatural amino acid incorporation in E. coli: current and future applications in the design of therapeutic proteins

    PubMed Central

    Wals, Kim; Ovaa, Huib

    2014-01-01

    Unnatural amino acid (UAA) incorporation by amber codon suppression offers scientists a powerful tool to modify the properties of proteins at will. UAA incorporation has been used for a plethora of fundamental research applications and, more recently, also for the selective modification of therapeutic proteins. In this review most recent developments in Escherichia coli codon expansion and, unnatural amino acid incorporation are discussed together with some remarkable recent developments in improved efficient UAA incorporation. We focus on the generation of proteins that hold promise for future therapeutic applications that would be impossible to obtain without unnatural amino acid incorporation, including the generation of bi-specific antibodies and antibody drug conjugates. PMID:24790983

  14. Future Agricultures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Future Agricultures group is a UK Department for International Development (DFID) funded consortium comprised of the Institute of Development Studies, Imperial College London, and Overseas Development Institute. The group is committed to examining the issues that surround agriculture and rural development across the world, with a particular focus on the developing world. Their work includes reports on water management in Ethiopia, a potential second "Green Revolution", and food security. The materials on their site are found in sections that include "News and Events", "Debates", and "Publications". The "Debates" area is a good one, as it includes thoughtful conversations on timely topics like pastoralism, the "Green Revolution" in Africa, and soil fertility. Scholars in the field will appreciate the "Publications" area, which includes policy briefs on poverty reduction in Kenya, coffee commercialization in Malawi, and rising food prices. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and provide feedback on their work.

  15. SPECIAL SECTION: PROMOTING AND SUSTAINING EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE CHALLENGES TO THE FUTURE OF EVIDENCE-BASE D PRACTICE IN SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allen Rubin; Danielle Parrish

    This article critically analyzes challenges that may influence whether evidence- based practice (EBP) enjoys more success than previous efforts to improve the inte- gration of practice and research in sodal work education. Key challenges include: (1) alleviating disparities in how EBP is being defined by sodal work educators; (2) maximizing the feasibility of implementing the EBP process appropriately after graduation,

  16. Solving NonlinearSolving Nonlinear EigenproblemsEigenproblems inin Accelerator Cavity DesignAccelerator Cavity Design

    E-print Network

    Bai, Zhaojun

    Light Source RF-gun Accelerating cavity for International Linear Collider Summary and Future work #12 based on unstructured grids for the design, analysis, and optimization of complex electromagnetic Light Source RF-gun Accelerating cavity for International Linear Collider Summary and Future work #12;RF

  17. Chen, W., Lewis, K., and Schmidt, L., 2000, "The Open Workshop on Decision-Based Design: Origin, Status, Promise, and Future," Journal of Engineering Valuation & Cost Analysis, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 57-66.

    E-print Network

    Lewis, Kemper E.

    , Status, Promise, and Future," Journal of Engineering Valuation & Cost Analysis, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 57," Journal of Engineering Valuation & Cost Analysis, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 57-66. 2 design decisions, Status, Promise, and Future," Journal of Engineering Valuation & Cost Analysis, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 57

  18. Art in a new light: Design and assessment of illuminants to reduce photochemical degradation of works of art

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delgado Ramos, Monica Fabiola

    The purpose of this research is to design the best lighting that will minimize long term photochemical degradation of Old Master Drawings and/or other works of art, while maintaining the patron's appreciation of the object's color and detail. The present approach is a technological refinement to the basic underlying earlier work on fluorescent lighting by W. A. Thornton, W.A. at General Electric1. Thin-film dielectric, multi-coating technology is used to create filters that eliminate ultraviolet light, near infrared light and significant unnecessary parts from the visible spectrum, thus maximizing the reduction in photochemical degradation, while maintaining optimal color rendering. Three interference filters, were designed and manufactured successfully. The filters are designated Mark 1, Mark 2, & Mark 3. In this dissertation, the filters are analyzed with regard to their performance parameters. This includes color rendering, retardation in fading or color change, beam angle effects, filter stability, perceived brightness, and visual appreciation parameters. To a high confidence level, all three filters are perceived as being indistinguishable from Unfiltered light with regard to the color confusion index parameter (CCI). Subjective assessments by tests subjects suggest the Mark 3 filter may display some distinguishability with a confidence level for distinguishability of 35% for the overall satisfaction parameter. The Mark 3 filter is the most complex three-color type spectral profile and this might be expected due to beam angle effects or departures in accuracy of color theory. Beam angle affects suggest that the Mark 1 and Mark 2 filters do not display significant color rendering aberrations due to Newton's colors interference effects, except possibly at the periphery of the broadest (55-60+°) beam angle lamps. Filtered and Unfiltered light are effectively of the same perceived brightness, though to a low confidence level, Unfiltered light might be perceived brighter. Accelerated aging studies of the filters indicate useful mean time before failures of >20 years. In fact, no failure was observed in any of the accelerated studies, The Mark 2 and Mark 3 filters were evaluated in equal-luminosity studies with regard to their effect on limiting fading of both standard fading samples such as the ISO Blue Wool series, and also other commercial pigments or stains. Within experimental error, the Mark 2 filter either slowed fading or had no effect on fading for all pigments relative to Unfiltered light and OptivexRTM filtered light, OptivexRTM being a common commercial filter used to protect works of art. Mark 3 protected in many cases, but for some pigments it was less protective than OptivexRTM filtered light. This failure is interpreted in terms of the wavelength dependence of the excess light in certain wavelength regions on an equal luminosity condition, and suggests that more subtle wavelength dependent optimizations have to be undertaken for filters which possess significant band separation.

  19. Lessons Learned from the San Diego Urban Systemic Project (USP): Implications for Funders and Future Project Designers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. John, Mark; Heenan, Barbara; Helms, Jenifer

    2007-01-01

    This brief draws upon the five-year evaluation study of the San Diego Urban Systemic Project (USP) that Inverness Research Associates conducted from 2001 to 2006. The intended audiences for this brief are those interested in investing in, supporting, or designing initiatives that aim to improve math and science education in large urban districts.…

  20. Planning for a Sustainable Future of the Cincinnati Union Terminal

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2012-04-30

    The Cincinnati Museum Center invited a number of local stakeholders, political leaders, nationally and internationally recognized design professionals and the Design Team, that has been engaged to help shape the future of this remarkable resource, to work together in a Workshop that would begin to shape a truly sustainable future for both the Museum and its home, the Union Terminal, one of the most significant buildings in America. This report summarizes and highlights the discussions that took place during the Workshop and presents recommendations for shaping a direction and a framework for the future.

  1. A critical appraisal of current knowledge and future directions of ergophthalmology: consensus document of the ICOH Committee on 'Work and Vision'.

    PubMed

    Piccoli, Bruno

    2003-03-15

    In the past, occupational health gave scant attention to the visual apparatus. Studies on issues relating to 'work and vision' have predominantly addressed industrial accidents and the toxic effects of exposure to chemical and physical agents, with secondary prevention being more common than primary prevention. In recent years, the huge transformations implemented in workplaces, mainly due to computer-based technologies, demand a progressively higher efficiency of the eye and the related nervous system components that co-ordinate eye movements and accommodation. At the moment these aspects are managed by medical, psychosocial and a variety of technical disciplines, without any shared criteria, terminology and method. Objectives of the Committee are: to investigate holistically the many possible hazards associated to the occupational visual performance; to come to a consensus on terminology, risk assessment and health surveillance procedures. The present status of research and practice in ergophthalmology does not allow for clear-cut decision about health risk and nor is there a clear direction on the prevention of work-related ocular and visual disturbances and disorders. Specifically, at least three determinants must be objectively considered, namely: (a) visual effort; (b) environmental agents; (c) individual characteristics. Although criteria exist for the evaluation of some of these determinants, a greater refinement is necessary 'for a good working life' of the visual apparatus. The ICOH Scientific Committee on 'Work and Vision' is seeking to systematically develop this matter, yielding a more rational and complete approach to the relationship between work and vision. PMID:12637175

  2. Mechanical complications after implantation of multiple-lead nonthoracotomy defibrillator systems: implications for management and future system design.

    PubMed

    Jones, G K; Bardy, G H; Kudenchuk, P J; Poole, J E; Dolack, G L; Troutman, C; Anderson, J; Johnson, G

    1995-08-01

    Nonthoracotomy lead system (NTL) implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) provide excellent protection against sudden death from ventricular tachyarrhythmias. However, these devices have unique mechanical complications and management issues. We reviewed the major complications occurring in 159 patients who underwent attempted implantation of a multilead NTL system. Successful implantation was obtained in 98% of patients. Two-year, all-cause actuarial survival on an intention-to-treat basis was 94%. Major complications occurred in 28 (17.6%) patients over a follow-up period of 21 +/- 10 months. Complications included 11 (6.9%) lead dislodgements, 10 (5.7%) lead fractures in 9 patients, 2 (1.3%) pocket infections, 1 frozen shoulder, 1 right ventricular perforation, 1 pneumothorax, 1 bleed requiring transfusion, 1 thromboembolism, and 1 "twiddle"-induced torsion of leads. Most of the lead dislodgements and fractures were identified by routine x-ray surveillance. Single-lead systems may significantly reduce complication rates in the future and maintain excellent survival rates. PMID:7631616

  3. Implications of Experience in Teacher Education Program Follow-Up Studies for Future Work. Research and Development Agenda in Teacher Education Colleague Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hord, Shirley M.; And Others

    These papers describe recent techniques used in followup studies of teacher education programs and suggest issues which may evolve from or be enhanced by the study findings. They provide a source of information about current efforts in planning the evaluation of teacher education programs. The first paper describes a study which was designed to…

  4. Parents' Participation in a Work-Based Anti-Poverty Program Can Enhance Their Children's Future Orientation: Understanding Pathways of Influence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purtell, Kelly M.; McLoyd, Vonnie C.

    2013-01-01

    Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on…

  5. Study of the potential for future work on methods of determining residual oil saturation. Progress report, January 1 to April 30, 1978

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bond

    1978-01-01

    Various possibilities for research related to methods for determining residual oil saturation (ROS) are considered. A brief digest of the methods that are preferred by many of the people who have worked on the problem of determining residual oil saturation is presented. Some operators have the opinion that one or more pressure cores should always be taken in any reservoir

  6. Analyses and design tool for the prediction of structural failure of current and future composite wind turbine blades

    SciTech Connect

    Fronk, T.H.; Gebert, G.A.; Jones, D.L.; Blotteaux, R.J. [Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

    1995-09-01

    A computer code was developed which models the aeroelastic-structural response of arbitrary wind turbine blades undergoing gust loading. The code couples a three-dimensional, time-domain, unsteady aerodynamic analysis with a geometric, nonlinear, finite element model of a laminated composite structural blade to predict the response of wind turbine blades. The full aerodynamic loading is accounted for by rapidly tracking the unsteady, 3-D, vortex filament wake shed behind each blade of the turbine. The program also makes estimates of the nonlinear aerodynamic loading in the both the pre- and post-stall regimes. In order to make it an effective design tool, the program can accept arbitrary blade geometries including user specified airfoil sections, taper ratio, blade twist, number of blades, laminate stacking sequence, and mass and material properties. In coupling the aerodynamics with the structural model, estimates of large blade deflections and stresses can be made. The program has been compared with experimental results of the Storm Master Turbine and showed good agreement of both the aerodynamics and the structural performance. The code can be used as a design tool handling virtually any blade geometry and gust loading.

  7. Planning an Empirical Experiment To Evaluate The Effects Of Pair Work On The Design Phase Of The Software Lifecycle

    E-print Network

    New South Wales, University of

    on the design phase of software development lifecycle. The experiment is designed to investigate the effects will be described. #12;2 Introduction The design and development process in software lifecycle involves of a software system under development such as architectural, logical, structural etc. Those views are used

  8. Grain-Orientation Induced Work Function Variation in Nanoscale Metal-Gate Transistors—Part II: Implications for Process, Device, and Circuit Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hamed F. Dadgour; Kazuhiko Endo; Vivek K. De; Kaustav Banerjee

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the process, device, and circuit design implications of grain-orientation-induced work function variation (WFV) in high-k\\/metal-gate devices. WFV is caused by the dependence of the work function of metal grains on their orientations and is analytically modeled in the companion paper (part I). Using this modeling framework, various implications of WFV are investigated in this paper. It is

  9. Airframe Noise Studies: Review and Future Direction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rackl, Robert G.; Miller, Gregory; Guo, Yueping; Yamamoto, Kingo

    2005-01-01

    This report contains the following information: 1) a review of airframe noise research performed under NASA's Advanced Subsonic Transport (AST) program up to the year 2000, 2) a comparison of the year 1992 airframe noise predictions with those using a year 2000 baseline, 3) an assessment of various airframe noise reduction concepts as applied to the year 2000 baseline predictions, and 4) prioritized recommendations for future airframe noise reduction work. NASA's Aircraft Noise Prediction Program was the software used for all noise predictions and assessments. For future work, the recommendations for the immediate future focus on the development of design tools sensitive to airframe noise treatment effects and on improving the basic understanding of noise generation by the landing gear as well as on its reduction.

  10. Clustering of Journal Titles According to Citation Data: Report on Preparatory Work, Design, Data Collection, and Preliminary Analyses. Design of Information Systems in the Social Sciences, Working Paper No. 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bath Univ. of Technology (England). Univ. Library.

    DISISS (Design of Information Systems in the Social Sciences) is a research project financed by OSTI, which began in January 1971. The objective of the project is to carry out research necessary for the effective design of information systems in the social sciences. The aim of this part of the DISISS project is the application of statistical…

  11. High-Resolution Monitoring of CO2 Injection with Permanent Electrodes: A 5-Year Retrospect from the Ketzin Site and Design Recommendations for Future Projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, F. M.; Bergmann, P.; Labitzke, T.; Schmidt-Hattenberger, C.; Guenther, T.; Maurer, H.

    2014-12-01

    Reliable and cost-efficient reservoir surveillance techniques play an important role in the context of geological carbon dioxide storage. Electrical methods are particularly suited to image the displacement of highly conductive formation fluids by a more resistive CO2 plume. At the Ketzin site close to Berlin, Germany, a permanent installation of 45 ring-shaped stainless steel electrodes distributed in an injection well and two observation wells is in operation since the start of injection in June 2008. The depth of the installation intervals in the three wells ranges from 590 m to 735 m. Based on our practical experience after more than five years of injection (until August 2013), we draw conclusions with regard to the usefulness and versatility of such an electrode array as well as associated challenges under the aspect of technical longevity. With regard to future installations, we present an experimental design approach to estimate optimum electrode locations along the borehole trajectories with the objective to maximize the resolution within a prescribed target horizon. Our results show that a sparse but well-conceived set of electrodes with a refinement of the electrode spacing in the target region can provide a large portion of the information content offered by very dense electrode layouts. Using Ketzin as a case study for realistic CO2 plume migration, we compare the optimized layout to the existing equidistant installation at Ketzin with a focus on the offered resolution and the inversion performance. The presented results can assist practitioners in the design of reliable and cost-efficient monitoring systems for future underground storage sites.

  12. Estimating heritability of drug-induced liver injury from common variants and implications for future study designs.

    PubMed

    Overby, Casey Lynnette; Hripcsak, George; Shen, Yufeng

    2014-01-01

    Recent genome-wide association studies identified certain human leukocyote antigen (HLA) alleles as the major risk factors of drug-induced liver injuries (DILI). While these alleles often cause large relative risk, their predictive values are quite low due to low prevalence of idiosyncratic DILI. Finding additional risk factors is important for precision medicine. However, optimal design of further genetic studies is hindered by uncertain overall heritability of DILI. This is a common problem for low-prevalence pharmacological traits, since it is difficult to obtain clinical outcome data in families. Here we estimated the heritability (h(2)) of DILI from case-control genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism data using a method based on random effect models. We estimated the proportion of h(2) captured by common SNPs for DILI to be between 0.3 and 0.5. For co-amoxiclav induced DILI, chromosome 6 explained part of the heritability, indicating additional contributions from common variants yet to be found. We performed simulations to assess the robustness of the h(2) estimate with limited sample size under low prevelance, a condition typical to studies on idiosyncratic pharmacological traits. Our findings suggest that common variants outside of HLA contribute to DILI susceptability; therefore, it is valuable to conduct further GWAS with expanded case collection. PMID:25042059

  13. Estimating heritability of drug-induced liver injury from common variants and implications for future study designs

    PubMed Central

    Overby, Casey Lynnette; Hripcsak, George; Shen, Yufeng

    2014-01-01

    Recent genome-wide association studies identified certain human leukocyote antigen (HLA) alleles as the major risk factors of drug-induced liver injuries (DILI). While these alleles often cause large relative risk, their predictive values are quite low due to low prevalence of idiosyncratic DILI. Finding additional risk factors is important for precision medicine. However, optimal design of further genetic studies is hindered by uncertain overall heritability of DILI. This is a common problem for low-prevalence pharmacological traits, since it is difficult to obtain clinical outcome data in families. Here we estimated the heritability (h2) of DILI from case-control genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism data using a method based on random effect models. We estimated the proportion of h2 captured by common SNPs for DILI to be between 0.3 and 0.5. For co-amoxiclav induced DILI, chromosome 6 explained part of the heritability, indicating additional contributions from common variants yet to be found. We performed simulations to assess the robustness of the h2 estimate with limited sample size under low prevelance, a condition typical to studies on idiosyncratic pharmacological traits. Our findings suggest that common variants outside of HLA contribute to DILI susceptability; therefore, it is valuable to conduct further GWAS with expanded case collection. PMID:25042059

  14. My trip to Cameroon culminated two semesters' worth of design work on an Engineers Without Borders water project. I had the special opportunity to see those designs finally

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Laurence J.

    design, well yield testing, water quality testing, concrete mixing, and drafting. The entire process design, which encompassed a concrete water storage tank, 500 m of pipelines, and stand tap placements in the construction of all three of those system components and actually completed more than we had intended

  15. Advances in QSPR/QSTR models of ionic liquids for the design of greener solvents of the future.

    PubMed

    Das, Rudra Narayan; Roy, Kunal

    2013-02-01

    In order to protect the life of all creatures living in the environment, the toxicity arising from various hazardous chemicals must be controlled. This imposes a serious responsibility on different chemical, pharmaceutical, and other biological industries to produce less harmful chemicals. Among various international initiatives on harmful aspects of chemicals, the 'Green Chemistry' ideology appears to be one of the most highlighted concepts that focus on the use of eco-friendly chemicals. Ionic liquids are a comparatively new addition to the huge garrison of chemical compounds released from the industry. Extensive research on ionic liquids in the past decade has shown them to be highly useful chemicals with a good degree of thermal and chemical stability, appreciable task specificity and minimal environmental release resulting in a notion of 'green chemical'. However, studies have also shown that ionic liquids are not intrinsically non-toxic agents and can pose severe degree of toxicity as well as the risk of bioaccumulation depending upon their structural components. Moreover, ionic liquids possess issues of waste generation during synthesis as well as separation problems. Predictive quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models constitute a rational opportunity to explore the structural attributes of ionic liquids towards various physicochemical and toxicological endpoints and thereby leading to the design of environmentally more benevolent analogues with higher process selectivity. Such studies on ionic liquids have been less extensive compared to other industrial chemicals. The present review attempts to summarize different QSAR studies performed on these chemicals and also highlights the safety, health and environmental issues along with the application specificity on the dogma of 'green chemistry'. PMID:23325356

  16. VSIPL++ / FPGA Design Methodology

    E-print Network

    Kepner, Jeremy

    controlled data stream. · Create a user defined VSIPL++ block (fpgaDense) based on the existing (Dense) blockVSIPL++ / FPGA Design Methodology Capt. Jules Bergmann, AFRL/IFTC Susan Emeny, ITT Peter Bronowicz++ / FPGA Integration · Integration and Test · Applications · Status · Future Work · Conclusions #12

  17. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, Jeffrey F.

    Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers concludes with a brief discussion of potential applications and future work. 1 Copyright c 2011 by ASME

  18. Enhancing return-to-work in cancer patients, development of an intervention and design of a randomised controlled trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sietske J Tamminga; Angela GEM de Boer; Jos HAM Verbeek; Taina Taskila; Monique HW Frings-Dresen

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Compared to healthy controls, cancer patients have a higher risk of unemployment, which has negative social and economic impacts on the patients and on society at large. Therefore, return-to-work of cancer patients needs to be improved by way of an intervention. The objective is to describe the development and content of a work-directed intervention to enhance return-to-work in cancer

  19. About the Work of Art Surrounding the first floor lobby staircase in Parks Library are nine mural panels designed by Iowa

    E-print Network

    Mayfield, John

    About the Work of Art Surrounding the first floor lobby staircase in Parks Library are nine mural panels designed by Iowa artist Grant Wood. As with Breaking the Prairie, a Iowa State mural that was painted two years later, Wood borrowed his theme for When Tillage Begins, Other Arts Follow from a speech

  20. Abstract--In this work is proposed the design of a system to create and handle Electric Vehicles (EV) charging procedures,

    E-print Network

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    Abstract--In this work is proposed the design of a system to create and handle Electric Vehicles network limitation and absence of smart meter devices, Electric Vehicles charging should be performed application to assist the EV driver on these processes. This proposed Smart Electric Vehicle Charging System