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1

Future work design research and practice: Towards an elaborated model of work design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developments in work design theory have not kept pace with the changes occurring in the organizational landscape. We propose a theoretical framework that specié es é ve categories of work design variables that span individual, group and organizational levels of analysis. Specié cally, we propose an elaborated model of work design that includes: systematic consideration of antecedents of work characteristics;

Sharon K. Parker; Toby D. Wall; John L. Cordery

2001-01-01

2

Appointment Future work  

E-print Network

1/17 Appointment scheduling Example: a glaucoma clinic Future work Appointment scheduling #12;2/17 Appointment scheduling Example: a glaucoma clinic Future work Have you heard this one? So: a glaucoma clinic Future work Have you heard this one? So a mathematician walks into a room full

Phillips, David

3

Mathematical Future work  

E-print Network

1/15 Mathematical modeling Example: Glaucoma clinic Future work Scheduling and resource planning: models for a glaucoma clinic DAVID PHILLIPS Department of Mathematics United States Naval Academy Joint;2/15 Mathematical modeling Example: Glaucoma clinic Future work So a mathematician walks into a room full

Phillips, David

4

Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work A Platform for Trading Agent Competition  

E-print Network

-2011 TAC Ad Auctions: 2009-2012 Power TAC: 2011-2012 #12;Trading Agent Competition Market Design Game variety of market mechanisms, traders' strategies and their relationship (long term) Specific: ImplementTrading Agent Competition Market Design Game Strategic Trader Game Conclusion and Future Work

Zhang, Dongmo

5

Conclusions and Future Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The continuing technology scale reduction into the deep sub-micron era has magnified the delay mismatch between gates and\\u000a global wires. Wiring will significantly affect design decisions in the forthcoming billion-transistor chips, whether these\\u000a are complex heterogeneous SoCs, or Chip Multi-Processors. Networks-on-Chip have surfaced as a possible solution to escalating\\u000a wiring delays in future multi-core chips.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a The design of efficient on-chip

Chrysostomos Nicopoulos; Vijaykrishnan Narayanan; Chita R. Das

6

Women Shaping the Future. The Future of Work Discussion Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to inform and empower women to participate in debates and decisions about the future of work in Australia, this kit provides everything needed to run a discussion session on the future of work with women in the community. It consists of a guide for users, workshop guide, topic sheets, and background reading. The guide for users introduces…

Pine, Janet; Jackson, Sue; MacNeill, Kate

7

The Future of Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Manpower, a global employment services company with operations in over 67 countries, engages every day with the economic and business trends that are reshaping enterprises worldwide. As a partner in workforce development projects, Manpower has also seen the impact of these trends on the design of effective training and employment initiatives for…

Minic, Branka; Varney, Rich

2005-01-01

8

Designing future photovoltaic systems  

SciTech Connect

The large scale use of photovoltaic systems to generate our electricity is a dream for the future; but if this dream is to be realized, we must understand these systems today. As a result, there has been extensive research into the design and economic tradeoffs of utility interconnected photovoltaic applications. The understanding gained in this process has shown that photovoltaic system design can be a very simple and straight-forward endeavor. This paper reviews those past studies and shows how we have reached the present state of system design evolution. The concept of the utility interactive PV system with energy value determined by the utility's avoided cost will be explored. This concept simplifies the screening of potential applications for economic viability, and we will present several rules-of-thumb for this purpose.

Jones, G.J.

1984-01-01

9

Kids Design the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Human Computer Interaction Lab at the University of Maryland wants children to have "a voice in making new technology for kids." To meet this goal, the group have organized a technology design team which brings together children (ages seven to eleven) and researchers from computer science, education, art, robotics, and other disciplines to meet twice a week and work on projects together. The teams write papers and create new technologies, most of which are available free to download from this website. Information on the group's design process and approach to teaching and learning is also provided.

10

Designing the molecular future.  

PubMed

Approximately 25 years ago the first computer applications were conceived for the purpose of automated 'de novo' drug design, prominent pioneering tools being ALADDIN, CAVEAT, GENOA, and DYLOMMS. Many of these early concepts were enabled by innovative techniques for ligand-receptor interaction modeling like GRID, MCSS, DOCK, and CoMFA, which still provide the theoretical framework for several more recently developed molecular design algorithms. After a first wave of software tools and groundbreaking applications in the 1990s--expressly GROW, GrowMol, LEGEND, and LUDI representing some of the key players--we are currently witnessing a renewed strong interest in this field. Innovative ideas for both receptor and ligand-based drug design have recently been published. We here provide a personal perspective on the evolution of de novo design, highlighting some of the historic achievements as well as possible future developments of this exciting field of research, which combines multiple scientific disciplines and is, like few other areas in chemistry, subject to continuous enthusiastic discussion and compassionate dispute. PMID:22127731

Schneider, Gisbert

2012-01-01

11

Eclipsing Binary Stars: Future Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis of eclipsing binary stars has reached an impressive level of sophistication in recent years but many interesting problems in the structure and evolution of binary stars remain unresolved. Future approaches to solving these problems will involve both acquiring and analyzing new kinds of observables an looking at existing data in new ways. In this `preview' article I discuss

D. Terrell

2006-01-01

12

Values to make the future work : the role of the appropriate technology approach in design and technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers and educators have a responsibility for encouraging their pupils to consider the human and environmental implications of the products of design and technological educational activity. The appropriate technology approach, which has people and the environment on which we all depend for our survival - at its centre, has much to contribute to this debate. Applying the criteria of 'appropriateness'

Catherine Budgett

13

is brochure is designed to guide you through some of the many ways OSU is working towards a sustainable future.  

E-print Network

of energy conservation at home, school, or work. Dixon Recreaction Center also uses green building materials building, Kelley Engineering has many features common to green buildings. Features include: - a 16 (LEED) Gold rating by the US Green Building Council. PEOPLE'S PARK ENHANCING GREEN SPACE 2 KELLEY

Escher, Christine

14

Results Conclusions & Future Work TRADEOFF ANALYSIS OF Design of a Green Campus Motor Fleet Decision Support System  

E-print Network

Decision Support System Alicia Kubokawa, Caleb Benn, Kelly Prim, & Shane Armstrong System Engineering to accomplish work responsibilities more efficiently. Alternative transportation systems may present a change in the way in which job related tasks are completed. GSA Provide guidance for Presidential mandate

15

Beyond formalization: rethinking the future of work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – A long-standing meta-narrative regarding the future of work is that, over history, economic activity has shifted from the informal into the formal economy and that the informal economy is now a residue existing only in the margins. This paper aims to evaluate critically this formalization thesis so as to question whether the future of work is inevitably and

Colin Williams; John Round

2007-01-01

16

Designing the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Netherlands has a tradition in public spatial planning and design. In the past 20 years, we have seen an increasing role for the market in this field, and more recently, growing attention for sustainability. Sustainability has become an economic factor. Not only at the building level, but also on the level of large-scale area development projects. More and more

Friso De Zeeuw; Agnes Franzen; Kristel Aalbers; Anke Van Hal; Birgit Dulski

2010-01-01

17

OECD Work on Future Educational Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing school buildings to respond to change is not a new idea. But perhaps what is different today is the kind and degree of change which we have to anticipate. The OECD is carrying out projects that can help in the planning and design of future educational facilities--exploring trends in education and studying innovative learning…

Theisens, Henno; Benavides, Francisco; Dumont, Hanna

2008-01-01

18

Adult Learning and the Future of Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 15 papers: "Introduction" (Madhu Singh); "Adult Learning and the Transformation of Work" (Paul Belanger); "Future of Work and Adult Learning" (Ettore Gelpi); "The Obligation of Education in the Face of Globalisation" (Nicole Arnaud); "Lifelong Learning and Vocational Education and Training: A Teacher's and Trade Union View"…

Singh, Madhu, Ed.

19

Future Work. Myths and Realities No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many of the stories foretelling the future of work, technology is assumed to be the irresistible driver of change. Both ends of the spectrum are foreseen: either technology will create new jobs and transform existing work to higher skill levels, or technology, especially information technology, will destroy jobs or degrade them into less…

Kerka, Sandra

20

Accelerator Design Concept for Future Neutrino Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the findings of the Accelerator Working Group (AWG) of the International Scoping Study (ISS) of a Future Neutrino Factory and Superbeam Facility. The work of the group took place at three plenary meetings along with three workshops, and an oral summary report was presented at the NuFact06 workshop held at UC-Irvine in August, 2006. The goal was to reach consensus on a baseline design for a Neutrino Factory complex. One aspect of this endeavor was to examine critically the advantages and disadvantages of the various Neutrino Factory schemes that have been proposed in recent years.

ISS Accelerator Working Group; Zisman, Michael S; Berg, J. S.; Blondel, A.; Brooks, S.; Campagne, J.-E.; Caspar, D.; Cevata, C.; Chimenti, P.; Cobb, J.; Dracos, M.; Edgecock, R.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fabich, A.; Fernow, R.; Filthaut, F.; Gallardo, J.; Garoby, R.; Geer, S.; Gerigk, F.; Hanson, G.; Johnson, R.; Johnstone, C.; Kaplan, D.; Keil, E.; Kirk, H.; Klier, A.; Kurup, A.; Lettry, J.; Long, K.; Machida, S.; McDonald, K.; Meot, F.; Mori, Y.; Neuffer, D.; Palladino, V.; Palmer, R.; Paul, K.; Poklonskiy, A.; Popovic, M.; Prior, C.; Rees, G.; Rossi, C.; Rovelli, T.; Sandstrom, R.; Sevior, R.; Sievers, P.; Simos, N.; Torun, Y.; Vretenar, M.; Yoshimura, K.; Zisman, Michael S

2008-02-03

21

Design Patterns - Past, Present & Future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Design Patterns are now a 15 year old thought experiment. And today, for many, Design Patterns have become part of the standard development lexicon. This talk looks back to the origin of Design Patterns and how they evolved since their initial description. I will then show patterns in action in the context of the Eclipse and Jazz platforms. Finally, I will discuss how the Design Patterns from the book can be refactored towards a Design Pattern 2.0 version.

Gamma, Erich

22

Designing the future of healthcare.  

PubMed

This paper describes the application of a holistic design process to a variety of problems plaguing current healthcare systems. A design process for addressing complex, multifaceted problems is contrasted with the piecemeal application of technological solutions to specific medical or administrative problems. The goal of this design process is the ideal customer experience, specifically the ideal experience for patients, healthcare providers, and caregivers within a healthcare system. Holistic design is shown to be less expensive and wasteful in the long run because it avoids solving one problem within a complex system at the cost of creating other problems within that system. The article applies this approach to the maintenance of good health throughout life; to the creation of an ideal experience when a person does need medical care; to the maintenance of personal independence as one ages; and to the enjoyment of a comfortable and dignified death. Virginia Mason Medical Center is discussed as an example of a healthcare institution attempting to create ideal patient and caregiver experiences, in this case by applying the principles of the Toyota Production System ("lean manufacturing") to healthcare. The article concludes that healthcare is inherently dedicated to an ideal, that science and technology have brought it closer to that ideal, and that design can bring it closer still. PMID:19745471

Fidsa, Gianfranco Zaccai

2009-01-01

23

The Future of Work and Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Earlier projections of labor supply and speculations about the impact on values and lifestyles on work, leisure, and work-leisure relationships are reassessed in light of current events. Previous projections were the basis for three alternative scenarios of possible work-leisure relationships. The first examined some of the implications of…

Johnston, Denis F.

24

Constructing design weather data for future climates  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a method, here called ‘morphing’, to produce design weather data for building thermal simulations that accounts for future changes to climate. Morphing combines present-day observed weather data with results from climate models. The procedure yields weather time series that encapsulate the average weather conditions of future climate scenarios, whilst preserving realistic weather sequences. In this sense the method

SE Belcher; JN Hacker; DS Powell

2005-01-01

25

Humanoids Designed to do Work  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA began with the challenge of building a robot fo r doing assembly, maintenance, and diagnostic work in the Og environment of space. A robot with human form was then chosen as the best means of achieving that mission. The goal was not to build a machine to look like a human, but rather, to build a system that could do the same work. Robonaut could be inserted into the existing space environment, designed for a population of astronauts, and be able to perform many of the same tasks, with the same tools, and use the same interfaces. Rather than change that world to accommodate the robot, instead Robonaut accepts that it exists for humans, and must conform to it. While it would be easier to build a robot if all the interfaces could be changed, this is not the reality of space at present, where NASA has invested billions of dollars building spacecraft like the Space Shuttle and International Space Station. It is not possible to go back in time, and redesign those systems to accommodate full automation, but a robot can be built that adapts to them. This paper describes that design process, and the res ultant solution, that NASA has named Robonaut.

Ambrose, Robert; Askew, Scott; Bluethmann, William; Diftler, Myron

2001-01-01

26

Working with Children to Protect Our Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author has been teaching primary school children for 20 years, and has always been passionate about teaching young people about the environment. In this article, he describes his work with Tetra Pak and WWF-UK to develop a national, school-based competition and teaching programme to help children understand the importance of using renewable…

Williams, Nick

2011-01-01

27

California Energy Futures Study Working Committee  

E-print Network

: Can we get there with low carbon technologies without reducing demand? H. Youngs ­ EBI, UC Berkeley Organization (ILO) (2008) Green Jobs: Towards decent work in a sustainable, low-carbon world. 376 pp. Urbanchuk and transport or novel feedstocks, research on sustainable removal levels Low #12;Socioeconomic Barriers

California at Davis, University of

28

Machine design considerations for the future energy challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motors consume a significant fraction of electricity in the United States and in the world. As part of the International Future Energy Challenge, student teams are endeavoring to improve the efficiency of fractional-horsepower machines. The present work summarizes the motor design and construction process for a 500 W prototype induction machine targeting efficiency above 80%. Analytical and finite-element results are

Jonathan W. Kimball; M. Amrhein

2005-01-01

29

Equipped for the Future. Preparing for Work: A Guide for Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Preparing for Work," developed by Equipped for the Future at the Center for Literacy Studies, University of Tennessee, is a skills-based course designed for implementation in organizations and agencies involved in preparing their clients and students for entry level work. Each of the instructional modules that comprise the "Preparing for Work"…

Center for Literacy Studies, University of Tennessee (NJ3), 2011

2011-01-01

30

Computer Support for Early Design Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the problem of how to support, if possible, early design work with computerised tools. One main issue is if we should focus on the designer in each situation or on the whole process of designing a product including the information flow. If we focus on the information being produced during the design work we find that

Kjell Andersson

31

The Future of Work. Curriculum Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Future of Work project grew out of an essay of the same title by Frithjof Bergmann, a philosophy professor at the University of Michigan. In spring 1983, Professor Bergmann and a colleague, Richard Gull, founded the Center for New Work of Flint in Michigan, where the problems besieging the U.S. auto industry were focusing attention on the…

Center for New Work of Flint, MI.

32

The Future of Work: Some Prospects and Perspectives. A Compilation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of what the future of work in the United States will be is examined in this publication using current information on trends and issues related to work, the economy, and the labor force. The compilation intended to give an overview of selected aspects of the topic and provide information about other resources. In the first section,…

Cho, DaeYeon; Imel, Susan

33

Designing a Package that Works  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Student teams act as engineers and brainstorm, design, create and test their ideas for packaging to protect a raw egg shipped in a 9 x 12-in envelope. They follow the steps of the engineering design process and aim for a successful solution with no breakage, low weight, minimal materials and recyled/reused materials. Students come to understand the multi-faceted engineering considerations associated with the packaging of items to preserve, market and safely transport goods.

Making the Connection, Women in Engineering Programs and Advocates Network (WEPAN) ,

34

Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable  

E-print Network

Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy Systems Future Grid the Future Electric Energy System #12;Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable Summary This white paper synthesizes technology challenges for reaching a vision of the future grid that

35

Bounding the Spacecraft Atmosphere Design Space for Future Exploration Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The selection of spacecraft and space suit atmospheres for future human space exploration missions will play an important, if not critical, role in the ultimate safety, productivity, and cost of such missions. Internal atmosphere pressure and composition (particularly oxygen concentration) influence many aspects of spacecraft and space suit design, operation, and technology development. Optimal atmosphere solutions must be determined by iterative process involving research, design, development, testing, and systems analysis. A necessary first step in this process is the establishment of working bounds on the atmosphere design space.

Lange, Kevin E.; Perka, Alan T.; Duffield, Bruce E.; Jeng, Frank F.

2005-01-01

36

CHARIS Construction Status, Design, and Future Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Princeton University is funded by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan to build an integral field spectrograph (IFS) dubbed the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS). CHARIS is part of the ongoing exoplanet science effort at the Subaru Telescope, and will serve as the science imager for the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) and AO188 systems. The principal science goals are disk imaging and high contrast spectra of brown dwarfs and hot Jovian planets across J, H, and K bands. SCExAO is a coronagraphic and wavefront control system that will be capable of extreme adaptive optics and quasi-static speckle suppression. Speckle suppression is meant to reduce the residual speckle to a level that makes it possible to detect planets at very low inner working angles (~80 mas). Even so, CHARIS must mitigate spectral contamination from the residual speckle halo due to crosstalk between the closely packed spectra of the image. CHARIS mitigates crosstalk via an array of field stops behind the lenslet array and carefully toleranced relay optics. This reduces uncertainty in the measured spectrum of the exoplanets by increasing robustness of the spectrograph to nearby bright speckles. Mitigating crosstalk in hardware both improves science and reduces computational overhead. Combined with a detailed wavefront budget this improves the utility of CHARIS in the speckle control loop. Another defining feature of CHARIS is its disperser design. In addition to imaging in individual J, H, and K bands, CHARIS has a fourth mode that images across all three simultaneously. This required an improvement in the linearity of dispersion from 1.15 to 2.38 microns. To do so the CHARIS project has chosen a new high-index dispersing material and characterized its properties at cryogenic temperatures. We present the build status of the spectrograph, including status and viability of operating an H2RG detector directly using a SAM card via gigabit Ethernet over Linux. In addition to the stated and as-built specifications of the instrument hardware, we discuss the future of science impacts of CHARIS at the Subaru telescope.

Groff, Tyler Dean; Kasdin, N. Jeremy; Peters, Mary Anne; Galvin, Michael; Knapp, Gillian R.; Brandt, Timothy; Loomis, Craig; Carr, Michael; Mede, Kyle; Jarosik, Norman; McElwain, Michael W.; Guyon, Olivier; Jovanovic, Nemanja; Takato, Naruhisa; Hayashi, Masahiko

2015-01-01

37

Aerodynamic Design Opportunities for Future Supersonic Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A discussion of a diverse set of aerodynamic opportunities to improve the aerodynamic performance of future supersonic aircraft has been presented and discussed. These ideas are offered to the community in a hope that future supersonic vehicle development activities will not be hindered by past efforts. A number of nonlinear flow based drag reduction technologies are presented and discussed. The subject technologies are related to the areas of interference flows, vehicle concepts, vortex flows, wing design, advanced control effectors, and planform design. The authors also discussed the importance of improving the aerodynamic design environment to allow creativity and knowledge greater influence. A review of all of the data presented show that pressure drag reductions on the order of 50 to 60 counts are achievable, compared to a conventional supersonic cruise vehicle, with the application of several of the discussed technologies. These drag reductions would correlate to a 30 to 40% increase in cruise L/D (lift-to-drag ratio) for a commercial supersonic transport.

Wood, Richard M.; Bauer, Steven X. S.; Flamm, Jeffrey D.

2002-01-01

38

Present status and future of the sophisticated work station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The excellency of the work station is explained, by comparing the functions of software and hardware of work station with those of personal computer. As one of the examples utilizing the functions of work station, desk top publishing is explained. By describing the competition between the Group of ATT · Sun Microsystems which intends to have the leadership by integrating Berkeley version which is most popular at this moment and System V version, and the group led by IBM, future of UNIX as OS of work station is predicted. Development of RISC processor, TRON Plan and Sigma Projects by MITI are also mentioned as its background.

Ishida, Haruhisa

39

Organizational Response to Conflict: Future Conflict and Work Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how on organization's response to conflict affected the amount and intensity of future conflict and negative work outcomes. In this cross-sectional study of 3,374 government service workers, bivariate correlations and multiple regressions revealed associations between managers' conflict-handling style (CHS)…

Meyer, Susan

2004-01-01

40

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR CONSTRUCTION: RECENT WORK AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS  

E-print Network

and Components Iceland 2000 Taking the Construction Industry into the 21st Century Table 1 ­ CIB W78 MeetingsINFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR CONSTRUCTION: RECENT WORK AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS Robert Amor1 and Martin Betts2 1 Department of Computer Science, University of Auckland, New Zealand 2 School of Construction

Amor, Robert

41

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR CONSTRUCTION: RECENT WORK AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS  

E-print Network

in construction is a major international research endeavour in scientific establishments and industry Materials and Components Iceland 2000 Taking the Construction Industry into the 21st Century Table 1 ­ CIB WINFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR CONSTRUCTION: RECENT WORK AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS Robert Amor1 and Martin

Amor, Robert

42

The Future of Digital Working: Knowledge Migration and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Against the backdrop of intensified migration linked to globalisation, this article considers the implications of knowledge migration for future digital workers. It draws empirically on a socio-material analysis of the international software localisation industry. Localisers' work requires linguistic, cultural and software engineering skills…

Malcolm, Irene

2014-01-01

43

Designing for Our Future in Space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over the past several years, the disciplines of architecture and human factors have been increasingly recognized as specialties that have focused upon "human-centered design" in the development of spacecraft and surface habitats. These specialties have been instrumental in the conceptual design of overall spacecraft configurations and layouts, as well as habitability outfitting hardware, such as the galley, hygiene facility, sleep quarters, or the layout of displays and controls. From the human-centered perspective, this approach to design assists in the mitigation of risk when designing for an extreme environment such as space. It takes into account the human s physical and cognitive capabilities and limitations, the human s performance in the context of human space flight, the human s interaction with machines that are both physically and cognitively complex, the activities required of the human to accomplish the goals of missions, and the use of design practices that promote products to enable human activity. It is this latter aspect - the use of design practices that promote products to enable human activity - that is the focus of the approach used by the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) in collaboration with the Habitability and Human Factors Branch (HHFB) at the NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC). During the past few years, there has been a growing recognition of the value added by utilizing industrial designers to further the conceptual development of space hardware, that when used in conjunction with architecture and human factors, provides a robust solution to the design challenge. The "Design for Extreme Environments" Studio at RISD has taken suggested design topics from the NASA JSC HHFB and asked the students to investigate solutions to these challenges. The topics have demanded that the student pay particular attention to a variety of aspects of the space environment and understand how the human responds to each. The student must then adapt the design to these responses. The studio environment has been one way to introduce these challenges, but providing for an "in-residence" opportunity at JSC has given the students a broader vision and set of experiences. The accompanying presentation highlights the studio as well as in-residence work that has been accomplished.

Connolly, Janis

2007-01-01

44

Designing the future of collaborative science: Argonne's Futures Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argonne National Laboratory created its Computing and Communications Infrastructure Futures Laboratory to develop next-generation computing and communications infrastructure systems. An important goal of the Futures Lab project is to understand how to incorporate advanced display and media server systems into scientific computing environments. The objective is to create new collaborative environment technologies that combine advanced networking, virtual-space technology, and high-end

T. L. Disz; R. Evard; M. W. Henderson; W. Nickless; R. Olson; M. E. Papka; R. Stevens

1995-01-01

45

NRC policy on future reactor designs  

SciTech Connect

On April 13, 1983, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission issued for public comment a ''Proposed Commission Policy Statement on Severe Accidents and Related Views on Nuclear Reactor Regulation'' (48 FR 16014). This report presents and discusses the Commission's final version of that policy statement now entitled, ''Policy Statement on Severe Reactor Accidents Regarding Future Designs and Existing Plants.'' It provides an overview of comments received from the public and the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards and the staff response to these. In addition to the Policy Statement, the report discusses how the policies of this statement relate to other NRC programs including the Severe Accident Research Program; the implementation of safety measures resulting from lessons learned in the accident at Three Mile Island; safety goal development; the resolution of Unresolved Safety Issues and other Generic Safety Issues; and possible revisions of rules or regulatory requirements resulting from the Severe Accident Source Term Program. Also discussed are the main features of a generic decision strategy for resolving Regulatory Questions and Technical Issues relating to severe accidents; the development and regulatory use of new safety information; the treatment of uncertainty in severe accident decision making; and the development and implementation of a Systems Reliability Program for both existing and future plants to ensure that the realized level of safety is commensurate with the safety analyses used in regulatory decisions.

none,

1985-07-01

46

The Significance of Shift Work: Current Status and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a review and synthesis of research literature on the effects of shift work on workers’ physical health,\\u000a mental health\\/well-being, and family life. The focus is on current knowledge, unanswered questions, and new directions for\\u000a future research. The selection of research literature is guided by a general conceptual framework that identifies predictor\\u000a variables, moderating variables, and outcome variables.

Robert Perrucci; Shelley MacDermid; Ericka King; Chiung-Ya Tang; Ted Brimeyer; Kamala Ramadoss; Sally Jane Kiser; Jennifer Swanberg

2007-01-01

47

Summary of “Future of DIS” Working Group Session  

SciTech Connect

Despite the closure of the HERA accelerator in the past few years, much physics still remains to be understood, from the quark and gluon content of the nucleon/nucleus across all x to the still unknown spin structure of the proton. The 'Future of DIS' working group was dedicated to discussions on these and many other subjects. This paper represents a brief overview of the discussions. For further details, please refer to individual contributions.

Lamont M.; Guzey, V.; Polini, A.

2011-04-11

48

Future Remains: Industrial Heritage at the Hanford Plutonium Works  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation argues that U.S. environmental and historic preservation regulations, industrial heritage projects, history, and art only provide partial frameworks for successfully transmitting an informed story into the long range future about nuclear technology and its related environmental legacy. This argument is important because plutonium from nuclear weapons production is toxic to humans in very small amounts, threatens environmental health, has a half-life of 24, 110 years and because the industrial heritage project at Hanford is the first time an entire U.S. Department of Energy weapons production site has been designated a U.S. Historic District. This research is situated within anthropological interest in industrial heritage studies, environmental anthropology, applied visual anthropology, as well as wider discourses on nuclear studies. However, none of these disciplines is really designed or intended to be a completely satisfactory frame of reference for addressing this perplexing challenge of documenting and conveying an informed story about nuclear technology and its related environmental legacy into the long range future. Others have thought about this question and have made important contributions toward a potential solution. Examples here include: future generations movements concerning intergenerational equity as evidenced in scholarship, law, and amongst Native American groups; Nez Perce and Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation responses to the Hanford End State Vision and Hanford's Canyon Disposition Initiative; as well as the findings of organizational scholars on the advantages realized by organizations that have a long term future perspective. While these ideas inform the main line inquiry of this dissertation, the principal approach put forth by the researcher of how to convey an informed story about nuclear technology and waste into the long range future is implementation of the proposed Future Remains clause, as originated by the author, by amendment to two U.S. federal laws: National Historic Preservation Act and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. The dissertation provides a case study in public anthropology. The findings of the dissertation include recommendations whereby the Future Remains clause gives historic preservation and cultural resources a leading and ongoing role in facilitating real-time forward looking historical documentation at environmental restoration projects at United States National Priorities List (i.e., "Superfund") sites.

Freer, Brian

49

Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this review paper, "Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works", is to present some basic curriculum necessities for developing an in-school sexual education program that results in decreasing the number of teenagers initiating sex, thus reducing the number of teen pregnancies and cases of sexually transmitted…

Quincy, Michael L.

2009-01-01

50

MACHINE DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE FUTURE ENERGY CHALLENGE  

E-print Network

MACHINE DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE FUTURE ENERGY CHALLENGE Jonathan W. Kimball and Marco Amrhein. As part of the International Future Energy Challenge, student teams are endeavoring to improve the effi and finite- element results are shown. I. INTRODUCriON The International Future Energy Challenge (FEC

Kimball, Jonathan W.

51

Energy Efficient School Designed for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When completed, the planned Greeley Elementary School will be able to accommodate any future changes in enrollment and technological developments, while maintaining a constant energy efficient heating and cooling operation. (Author/MLF)

Modern Schools, 1977

1977-01-01

52

Designing Work, Family & Health Organizational Change Initiatives.  

PubMed

For decades, leaders and scholars have been advocating change efforts to improve work-life relationships. Yet most initiatives have lacked rigor and not been developed using scientific principles. This has created an evidence gap for employer support of work and personal life as a win-win for productivity and employees' well-being. This paper examines the approach used by the U.S. Work Family Health Network (WFRN) to develop an innovative workplace intervention to improve employee and family health. The change initiative was designed to reduce organizationally based work-family conflict in two contrasting contexts representative of major segments of today's U.S. workforce: health care employees and informational technology professionals. The WFRN Intervention (called STAR) had three theoretically based change elements. They were: 1) increase job control over work time and schedule; 2) increase supervisor social support for family and job effectiveness; and 3) improve organizational culture and job design processes to foster results orientation. Seven practical lessons for developing work-life interventions emerged from this groundbreaking endeavor. PMID:24683279

Kossek, Ellen Ernst; Hammer, Leslie B; Kelly, Erin L; Moen, Phyllis

2014-01-01

53

Designing Work, Family & Health Organizational Change Initiatives  

PubMed Central

Executive Summary For decades, leaders and scholars have been advocating change efforts to improve work-life relationships. Yet most initiatives have lacked rigor and not been developed using scientific principles. This has created an evidence gap for employer support of work and personal life as a win–win for productivity and employees’ well-being. This paper examines the approach used by the U.S. Work Family Health Network (WFRN) to develop an innovative workplace intervention to improve employee and family health. The change initiative was designed to reduce organizationally based work-family conflict in two contrasting contexts representative of major segments of today’s U.S. workforce: health care employees and informational technology professionals. The WFRN Intervention (called STAR) had three theoretically based change elements. They were: 1) increase job control over work time and schedule; 2) increase supervisor social support for family and job effectiveness; and 3) improve organizational culture and job design processes to foster results orientation. Seven practical lessons for developing work-life interventions emerged from this groundbreaking endeavor. PMID:24683279

Hammer, Leslie B.; Kelly, Erin L.; Moen, Phyllis

2014-01-01

54

How Children Can Design the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Over the past 15 years, children have become more integrally involved in the design of their technology. In this paper, we\\u000a present the idea that design partnering methods, specifically Cooperative Inquiry, used for designing technology with children\\u000a can and should now be extended into informal and formal educational settings.

Mona Leigh Guha; Allison Druin; Jerry Alan Fails

55

Fundamental design issues for the future Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet has been a startling and dramatic success. Originally designed to link together a small group of researchers, the Internet is now used by many millions of people. However, multimedia applications, with their novel traffic characteristics and service requirements, pose an interesting challenge to the technical foundations of the Internet. We address some of the fundamental architectural design issues

Scott Shenker

1995-01-01

56

Immunological background Mathematical model Results Conclusions and future work T cell repertoire maintenance  

E-print Network

Immunological background Mathematical model Results Conclusions and future work T cell repertoire, March 2008 #12;Immunological background Mathematical model Results Conclusions and future work History cell activation) Effector T cell PERIPHERY (or mature T cell) #12;Immunological background Mathematical

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

57

Future directions in boiling water reactor design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Advances Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) is being developed by an international team of BWR manufacturers to respond to worldwide utility needs in the l1980's. Major objectives of the ABWR program are design simplification; improved safety and reliability; reduced construction, fuel and operating costs; improved maneuverability; and reduced occupational exposure and radwaste. The ABWR incorporate the best proven features from

D. R. Wilkins; J. D. Duncan; S. A. Hucik; J. I. Sweeney

1988-01-01

58

Future ground-based telescopes design requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current trends in astronomical research necessitate a large number of small to medium sized telescopes be commissioned to support and augment the science goals of larger ground-based observatories and space observatories. The science mission requirements for these telescopes vary widely, yet the critical design requirements for the telescopes are largely consistent across many missions. This paper clarifies the critical functional

Michael Ramsay; Robert Sobek; Blaise Canzian; Jeffrey Maloney

2010-01-01

59

A Future in Fashion: Designing Wearable Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Art instructors are ever mindful of the need to introduce and encourage the possibilities of careers in the art field. The longer the author has been teaching art, the more aware she has become of the many wonderful art-related jobs and careers that exist. Fashion design, marketing and retail are three areas in which many students--male and…

Brew, Charl Anne

2009-01-01

60

Mixing ideas: a new technique for working with young children as design partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets forth a new technique for working with young children as design partners. Mixing ideas is presented as an additional Cooperative Inquiry design technique used to foster effective collaboration with young children (ages 4-6). The method emerged from our work with children on the Classroom of the Future project at the University of Maryland. A case study of

Mona Leigh Guha; Allison Druin; Gene Chipman; Jerry Alan Fails; Sante Simms; Allison Farber

2004-01-01

61

Challenge of Future EW System Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electronic warfare (EW) has emerged as a critical driving force in modern warfare. New generations of weapon systems directly impact EW requirements and strategies. Modern combat aircraft are faced with a drastic change of a possible threat scenario consisting of a mix of Western and Eastern weapon systems. The deployment of advanced pulse doppler radar systems in A/A and G/A application augmented by extensive electro-optic capabilities, directed energy weapons (laser or particle beam), and electromagnetic/shockwave weapons requires a detailed reassessment of NATO EW processes. The complexity and diversity of future threat scenarios necessitate changes in NATO EW system concepts, and an update of existing equipment including modifications of tactics and combinations of EW resources to improve survivability.

1994-05-01

62

American RadioWorks: Design of Desire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wants are much different than needs, though it would seem that various groups do a very good job of convincing individuals that they need all types of consumer goods. This rather insightful documentary from American RadioWorks looks into the world of buying and selling by talking with marketers, scientists, designers, and others. Produced by Chris Julin, Ochen Kaylan, and Ellen Guettler, the documentary explores topics such as the science behind shopping and the quest to market products directly to teenagers. Visitors can listen to the entire program here, read the transcript, take the "spendthrift-tightwad survey", and also view photographs of the American shopping experience. Additionally, visitors can take a look at their very thorough set of external links and resources on this subject.

Guettler, Ellen

63

Design of future surveys: chapter 13  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This brief chapter addresses two related issues: how effort should be allocated to different parts of the sampling plan and, given optimal allocation, how large a sample will be required to achieve the PRISM accuracy target. Simulations based on data collected to date showed that 2 plots per cluster on rapid surveys, 2 intensive camps per field crew-year, 2-4 intensive plots per intensive camp, and 2-3 rapid surveys per intensive plot is the most efficient allocation of resources. Using this design, we investigated how crew-years should be allocated to each region in order to meet the PRISM accuracy target most efficiently. The analysis indicated that 40-50 crew-years would achieve the accuracy target for 18-24 of the 26 species breeding widely in the Arctic. This analysis was based on assuming that two rounds of surveys were conducted and that a 50% decline occurred between them. We discuss the complexity of making these estimates and why they should be viewed as first approximations.

Bart, Jonathan; Smith, Paul A.

2012-01-01

64

The Future of Working Wisconsin. Proceedings from "The Future of Working Wisconsin" Conference (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, February 24-26, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following are among the 45 papers included in this proceedings: "Labor Force Changes in the United States: Implications for Education and Training" (Kutscher); "Industry, Employment, and Family Income: Wisconsin's Status" (Stoner); "Future Demographic and Social Trends" (Zach); "International Business in Wisconsin's Future" (Shank);…

Wacker, Gabrielle Banick, Ed.

65

Relational Modes between Industrial Design and Engineering Design - a Conceptual Model for Interdisciplinary Design Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus on customer and market needs has initialized changes in product development work, which involve integration of industrial design and engineering design functions. Interdisciplinary teams are considered a prerequisite in order to achieve collaboration, and a necessity to meet market demands in new products. However, interdisciplinary teams are inherently associated with collaborative shortcomings. In this work, relations between industrial designers

Sara PERSSON; Anders WARELL

66

Insight of first-year medical students into their future working conditions.  

PubMed

In the light of recent publicity in the media, and a Private Members Bill in the Houses of Parliament, a multiple choice questionnaire was designed to ascertain the insight of first-year medical students at Leicester Medical School into their career structure and future working conditions. The results obtained were surprising in that they indicated an almost total lack of knowledge among the medical students about the profession into which they had just entered, and to which they had made a lifelong commitment. PMID:2355862

Underwood, M J; Thompson, M; McCaskie, A

1990-05-01

67

Do Computerised Training Programmes Designed to Improve Working Memory Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical review of working memory training research during the last 10 years is provided. Particular attention is given to research that has attempted to investigate the efficacy of commercially marketed computerised training programmes such as "Cogmed" and "Jungle Memory". Claimed benefits are questioned on the basis that research methodologies…

Apter, Brian J. B.

2012-01-01

68

Designing Responsive Curriculum: Planning Lessons that Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than ever before, as the classroom population increasingly diversifies, educators need a clear, concise guide to designing and implementing responsive curriculum. This book, built around the lessons of classroom teachers, provides the "how" of instruction design. Designing Responsive Curriculum details the most important components of design:…

Frey, Nancy; Fisher, Douglas; Moore, Kelly

2005-01-01

69

Effects of Self-Efficacy, Emotional Intelligence, and Perceptions of Future Work Environment on Preservice Teacher Commitment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to examine the effects of self-efficacy, expectations of future work environment, and emotional intelligence on preservice teacher commitment to the teaching profession on a sample of 209 preservice teachers. The purpose of the study was to add to the existing knowledge surrounding preservice teacher commitment and promote…

Chesnut, Steven R.; Cullen, Theresa A.

2014-01-01

70

Dream or Nightmare? The Future of Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper postulates that social work education must include social action and social change, while always maintaining an identifiable professional behavior that is the product of knowledge, values and skills. (Editor/PG)

Kendall, Katherine A.

1973-01-01

71

Shaping the future: reforming routine emergency nursing work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of emergency care, for many A&E nurses, is dependent upon taken-for-granted assumptions, associated with the ongoing management of the changing shape of the work. In particular, routine working practices and procedures reflect a collective ideology of A&E nursing labour which involves moving people on and out of the emergency department. Subscribing to this ideology and realizing good shape

L. C. Sbaih

2001-01-01

72

Social Working Memory: Neurocognitive Networks and Directions for Future Research  

PubMed Central

Navigating the social world requires the ability to maintain and manipulate information about people’s beliefs, traits, and mental states. We characterize this capacity as social working memory (SWM). To date, very little research has explored this phenomenon, in part because of the assumption that general working memory systems would support working memory for social information. Various lines of research, however, suggest that social cognitive processing relies on a neurocognitive network (i.e., the “mentalizing network”) that is functionally distinct from, and considered antagonistic with, the canonical working memory network. Here, we review evidence suggesting that demanding social cognition requires SWM and that both the mentalizing and canonical working memory neurocognitive networks support SWM. The neural data run counter to the common finding of parametric decreases in mentalizing regions as a function of working memory demand and suggest that the mentalizing network can support demanding cognition, when it is demanding social cognition. Implications for individual differences in social cognition and pathologies of social cognition are discussed. PMID:23267340

Meyer, Meghan L.; Lieberman, Matthew D.

2012-01-01

73

Designing inclusive futures Patrick Langdon John Clarkson Peter Robinson  

E-print Network

of workshops that are held every two years. This UAIS Special Issue contains a selection of papers that have ``Designing Inclusive Futures'' reflects the need to explore, in a coherent way, the issues and practicalities. It also addresses the physical, social and psycho- logical context of use and fosters the understanding

Subramanian, Sriram

74

Design of Prestressed Concrete Bridges to Accommodate Future Widening  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how a two-lane prestressed concrete bridge can be designed and constructed so that it can be widened easily into a three- or four- lane bridge in the future. The methods presented are the strutted box widening method (SBWM), which applies to concrete box girder bridges, and the strutted girder widening method (SGWM), which applies to precast concrete

Kenneth W. Shushkewich

75

Environmentally Sound Design and Recycling of Future Wind Power Systems  

E-print Network

Environmentally Sound Design and Recycling of Future Wind Power Systems Presentation at the IEA R state-of-the-art wind power system Mapping current trends of wind power technologies and concepts Expert wind power systems Expert panel brainstorm on environmental aspects of decommissioning current

76

Introduction Lyrics feature sets Experiments Conclusions and future work Combination of Audio &  

E-print Network

covers, music videos 2/23 #12;Introduction Lyrics feature sets Experiments Conclusions and future workIntroduction Lyrics feature sets Experiments Conclusions and future work Combination of Audio & Lyrics Features for Genre Classication in Digital Audio Collections Rudolf Mayer, Andreas Rauber Vienna

Rauber,Andreas

77

Reliability based design including future tests and multiagent approaches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The initial stages of reliability-based design optimization involve the formulation of objective functions and constraints, and building a model to estimate the reliability of the design with quantified uncertainties. However, even experienced hands often overlook important objective functions and constraints that affect the design. In addition, uncertainty reduction measures, such as tests and redesign, are often not considered in reliability calculations during the initial stages. This research considers two areas that concern the design of engineering systems: 1) the trade-off of the effect of a test and post-test redesign on reliability and cost and 2) the search for multiple candidate designs as insurance against unforeseen faults in some designs. In this research, a methodology was developed to estimate the effect of a single future test and post-test redesign on reliability and cost. The methodology uses assumed distributions of computational and experimental errors with re-design rules to simulate alternative future test and redesign outcomes to form a probabilistic estimate of the reliability and cost for a given design. Further, it was explored how modeling a future test and redesign provides a company an opportunity to balance development costs versus performance by simultaneously designing the design and the post-test redesign rules during the initial design stage. The second area of this research considers the use of dynamic local surrogates, or surrogate-based agents, to locate multiple candidate designs. Surrogate-based global optimization algorithms often require search in multiple candidate regions of design space, expending most of the computation needed to define multiple alternate designs. Thus, focusing on solely locating the best design may be wasteful. We extended adaptive sampling surrogate techniques to locate multiple optima by building local surrogates in sub-regions of the design space to identify optima. The efficiency of this method was studied, and the method was compared to other surrogate-based optimization methods that aim to locate the global optimum using two two-dimensional test functions, a six-dimensional test function, and a five-dimensional engineering example.

Villanueva, Diane

78

The Future of Crowd Work Aniket Kittur1  

E-print Network

work offers remarkable opportunities for improving productivity, social mobility, and the global? This paper frames the major challenges that stand in the way of this goal. Drawing on theory from or static skill sets and strong motivations to shirk. Workers may become equally cynical, having fewer bonds

Pratt, Vaughan

79

Present and Future IGS Ionosphere Working Group Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays the Ionosphere Working Group of the International GNSS Service (IGS) generates two types of ionospheric products: final and rapid, respectively. This IGS Iono WG started the routine generation of ionosphere vertical total electron content (TEC) maps in June 1998. There are currently four IGS Associate Analysis Centres (IAACs) for ionosphere products: CODE (Center for Orbit Determination in Europe, University

Andrzej Krankowski

2008-01-01

80

Creating Online Worlds: The Future of Student Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 20th century, student work was dominated by paper-print assignments, particularly essays. This was a reflection of the dominant media technology of that century--books, magazines, newspapers, radio, and television. But those days are gone. In the 21st century, the dominant media technology of today's students is the Internet. In addition to…

Riegle, Rodney P.

2007-01-01

81

Interactive systems design and synthesis of future spacecraft concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interactive systems design and synthesis is performed on future spacecraft concepts using the Interactive Design and Evaluation of Advanced spacecraft (IDEAS) computer-aided design and analysis system. The capabilities and advantages of the systems-oriented interactive computer-aided design and analysis system are described. The synthesis of both large antenna and space station concepts, and space station evolutionary growth is demonstrated. The IDEAS program provides the user with both an interactive graphics and an interactive computing capability which consists of over 40 multidisciplinary synthesis and analysis modules. Thus, the user can create, analyze and conduct parametric studies and modify Earth-orbiting spacecraft designs (space stations, large antennas or platforms, and technologically advanced spacecraft) at an interactive terminal with relative ease. The IDEAS approach is useful during the conceptual design phase of advanced space missions when a multiplicity of parameters and concepts must be analyzed and evaluated in a cost-effective and timely manner.

Wright, R. L.; Deryder, D. D.; Ferebee, M. J., Jr.

1984-01-01

82

KEY MEASUREMENTS IN THE FUTURE - Working Group Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The experimental basis of cosmic-ray astrophysics consists of detailed measurements of the cosmic-ray intensity arriving near earth, of observations of photons in all wavelength bands generated by cosmic ray interactions in the interstellar medium or in the cosmic-ray sources, and of laboratory studies of high energy particle interactions. In addition, a large body of astronomical information on the composition of stellar atmospheres and of the interstellar medium, including interstellar dust grains, is required to bring cosmic-ray data into context with subjects such as nucleosynthesis and evolution of the galaxy. This report will summarize some of these observational questions, will discuss specific experimental needs in current research, and will review some of the key measurements that can be expected for the near future. This review will neither be complete nor attempt to establish observational priorities. However, it will illustrate the variety of observational activities that are required to achieve progress.

Müller, D.; Connel, J. J.; Decourchelle, A.; Mewaldt, R.; Reynolds, S.; Strong, A.; Völk, H.; Wiedenbeck, M.

2001-10-01

83

Beyond motivation: job and work design for development, health, ambidexterity, and more.  

PubMed

Much research shows it is possible to design motivating work, which has positive consequences for individuals and their organizations. This article reviews research that adopts this motivational perspective on work design, and it emphasizes that it is important to continue to refine motivational theories. In light of continued large numbers of poor-quality jobs, attention must also be given to influencing practice and policy to promote the effective implementation of enriched work designs. Nevertheless, current and future work-based challenges mean that designing work for motivation is necessary but insufficient. This review argues that work design can be a powerful vehicle for learning and development, for maintaining and enhancing employees' physical and mental health, and for achieving control and flexibility simultaneously (for example, in the form of ambidexterity); all these outcomes are important given the challenges in today's workplaces. The review concludes by suggesting methodological directions. PMID:24016276

Parker, Sharon K

2014-01-01

84

Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions.  

PubMed

For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated with exoskeletal and orthotic design that have yet to be perfected, the advances in the field have been truly impressive. In this commentary, I first classify exoskeletons and orthoses into devices that act in series and in parallel to a human limb, providing a few examples within each category. This classification is then followed by a discussion of major design challenges and future research directions critical to the field of exoskeletons and orthoses. PMID:19538735

Herr, Hugh

2009-01-01

85

Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions  

PubMed Central

For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated with exoskeletal and orthotic design that have yet to be perfected, the advances in the field have been truly impressive. In this commentary, I first classify exoskeletons and orthoses into devices that act in series and in parallel to a human limb, providing a few examples within each category. This classification is then followed by a discussion of major design challenges and future research directions critical to the field of exoskeletons and orthoses. PMID:19538735

Herr, Hugh

2009-01-01

86

Women, Work, and Family: Bernard's Perspective on the Past, Present, and Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Jessie Bernard's writings on women, work, and family. Explores the dilemmas of caring, the feminization of work, work and family roles over the life course, and the two worlds of women and men. Suggests implications for future research on women's work and family roles. (BH)

Voydanoff, Patricia

1988-01-01

87

Centaur: NASA's Mobile Humanoid Designed for Field Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA's future lunar and martian missions will require a suite of advanced robotic systems to complete tasks during precursor visits and to assist humans while present on the surface. The Centaur is a new mobile, dexterous manipulation system designed with this future role in mind. Centaur combines the sophisticated upper body dexterity of NASA's humanoid, Robonaut, with a rugged and

Joshua S. Mehling; Philip Strawser; Lyndon Bridgwater; W. K. Verdeyen; Roger Rovekamp

2007-01-01

88

[German research network on neuropathic pain: working on future therapy].  

PubMed

Founded in 2002, the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain includes the major institutions, authorities and medical disciplines engaged in therapy and research on Neuropathic pain. Together they work on a better understanding of the pathophysiology, the development of new therapies and the appropriate usage of established interventions for the treatment as well as the prevention of neuropathic pain. The network's central project is the establishment of a data bank, currently including standardized information of more than 1500 patients with neuropathic pain regarding socio-economic, psycho-social, psychological data and the results of quantitative sensory testing (QST), a standardized protocol implemented by the network. PMID:18409127

Koczorek, Michael

2008-04-01

89

Intranet Development and Design that Works  

SciTech Connect

Making information available and easy to find is the objective of designing a good web site. A company's Intranet typically provides a great deal of information to its employees in an effort to help them better perform their jobs. If the information is available but is difficult to locate, the usefulness of this information is diminished. Sandia National Laboratories performed a redesign of its home page and has obtained a successful design which enables its employees to locate information quickly and efficiently. Three phases of usability testing were conducted to develop and optimize the home page. This paper will discuss the redesign of the Intranet home page and describe how usability studies were used to help ensure a usable design.

BACA,BOBBY G.; CASSIDY,ANDREA L.

1999-09-09

90

Supporting social awareness @ work design and experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last year we have been designing and studying a computer based tool intended to strengthen social group awareness within a research laboratory. While awareness has been a subject of previous research it is still unclear how it should be conceptualized and how it can be provided for a CSCW system. In order to investigate this, and hence to

Konrad Tollmar; Ovidiu Sandor; Anna Schömer

1996-01-01

91

Working memory-related neural activity predicts future smoking relapse.  

PubMed

Brief abstinence from smoking impairs cognition, particularly executive function, and this has a role in relapse to smoking. This study examined whether working memory-related brain activity predicts subsequent smoking relapse above and beyond standard clinical and behavioral measures. Eighty treatment-seeking smokers completed two functional magnetic resonance imaging sessions (smoking satiety vs 24?h abstinence challenge) during performance of a visual N-back task. Brief counseling and a short-term quit attempt followed. Relapse during the first 7 days was biochemically confirmed by the presence of the nicotine metabolite cotinine. Mean percent blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal change was extracted from a priori regions of interest: bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), medial frontal/cingulate gyrus, posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), and ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Signal from these brain regions and additional clinical measures were used to model outcome status, which was then validated with resampling techniques. Relapse to smoking was predicted by increased withdrawal symptoms, decreased left DLPFC and increased PCC BOLD percent signal change (abstinence vs smoking satiety). Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated 81% area under the curve using these predictors, a significant improvement over the model with clinical variables only. The combination of abstinence-induced decreases in left DLPFC activation and reduced suppression of PCC may be a prognostic marker for poor outcome, specifically early smoking relapse. PMID:25469682

Loughead, James; Wileyto, E Paul; Ruparel, Kosha; Falcone, Mary; Hopson, Ryan; Gur, Ruben; Lerman, Caryn

2015-05-01

92

Global sustainability and key needs in future automotive design.  

PubMed

The number of light vehicle registrations is forecast to increase worldwide by a factor of 3-5 over the next 50 years. This will dramatically increase environmental impacts worldwide of automobiles and light trucks. If light vehicles are to be environmentally sustainable globally, the automotive industry must implement fundamental changes in future automotive design. Important factors in assessing automobile design needs include fuel economy and reduced emissions. Many design parameters can impact vehicle air emissions and energy consumption including alternative fuel or engine technologies, rolling resistance, aerodynamics, drive train design, friction, and vehicle weight. Of these, vehicle weight is key and will translate into reduced energy demand across all energy distribution elements. A new class of vehicles is needed that combines ultra-light design with a likely hybrid or fuel cell engine technology. This could increase efficiency by a factor of 3-5 and reduce air emissions as well. Advanced lightweight materials, such as plastics or composites, will need to overtake the present metal-based infrastructure. Incorporating design features to facilitate end-of-life recycling and recovery is also important. The trend will be towards fewer materials and parts in vehicle design, combined with ease of disassembly. Mono-material construction can create vehicle design with improved recyclability as well as reduced numbers of parts and weight. PMID:14700327

McAuley, John W

2003-12-01

93

Developing Future Health Professionals' Capacities for Working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details reflections of an interdisciplinary team of educators working with groups of health sciences students in preparing them for working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. The first-year common core unit discussed here is one attempt to equip future health practitioners with skills and knowledges to work adequately…

Hendrick, Antonia; Britton, Katherine Frances; Hoffman, Julie; Kickett, Marion

2014-01-01

94

Designing an incentive compensation program that works.  

PubMed

To encourage innovation and improve departmental and organizational bottom lines, Winchester Hospital, Winchester, Massachusetts, developed and implemented a middle management and staff incentive compensation plan. Middle managers and staff who participate in projects that provide savings to the hospital are paid a share of the savings. The plan allows staff the option of designing "horizontal" projects, in which a project leader carries out a project individually or with peers, or "vertical" projects, in which a project leader directs a team of key individuals. Increasing numbers of vertical projects have been proposed since the plan's inception in 1994. In addition to increasing the hospital's operating income, the program provides cost-effective, variable compensation, which especially appeals to motivated, high-performing employees; motivates employees to overcome roadblocks; facilitates a team approach that bridges traditional departmental boundaries; and encourages a beneficial and collegial competitiveness among managers. PMID:10175108

Laverty, S; Hogan, B J; Lawrence, L A

1998-01-01

95

FeatherSail - Design, Development and Future Impact  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To the present day, the idea of using solar sails for space propulsion is still just a concept, but one that provides a great potential for future space exploration missions. Several notable solar propulsion missions and experiments have been performed and more are still in the development stage. Solar Sailing is a method of space flight propulsion, which utilizes the light photons to propel spacecrafts through the vacuum of space. This concept will be tested in the near future with the launch of the NanoSail-D satellite. NanoSail-D is a nano-class satellite, <10kg, which will deploy a thin lightweight sheet of reflective material used to propel the satellite in its low earth orbit. Using the features of the NanoSail-D architecture, a second-generation solar sail design concept, dubbed FeatherSail, has been developed. The goal of the FeatherSail project is to create a sail vehicle with the ability to provide steering from the sails and increase the areal density. The FeatherSail design will utilize the NanoSail-D based extendable boom technology with only one sail on each set of booms. This design also allows each of the four sails to feather as much as ninety degrees. The FeatherSail concept uses deployable solar arrays to generate the power necessary for deep space missions. In addition, recent developments in low power, low temperature Silicon-Germanium electronics provide the capability for long duration deep space missions. It is envisioned that the FeatherSail conceptual design will provide the impetus for future sail vehicles, which may someday visit distant places that mankind has only observed.

Alhorn, Dean C.; Scheierl, J. M.

2010-01-01

96

A Comparison of Candidate Seal Designs for Future Docking Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is developing a new docking system to support future space exploration missions to low Earth orbit, the Moon, and other destinations. A key component of this system is the seal at the main docking interface which inhibits the loss of cabin air once docking is complete. Depending on the mission, the seal must be able to dock in either a seal-on-flange or seal-on-seal configuration. Seal-on-flange mating would occur when a docking system equipped with a seal docks to a system with a flat metal flange. This would occur when a vehicle docks to a node on the International Space Station. Seal-on-seal mating would occur when two docking systems equipped with seals dock to each other. Two types of seal designs were identified for this application: Gask-O-seals and multi-piece seals. Both types of seals had a pair of seal bulbs to satisfy the redundancy requirement. A series of performance assessments and comparisons were made between the candidate seal designs indicating that they meet the requirements for leak rate and compression and adhesion loads under a range of operating conditions. Other design factors such as part count, integration into the docking system tunnel, seal-on-seal mating, and cost were also considered leading to the selection of the multi-piece seal design for the new docking system. The results of this study can be used by designers of future docking systems and other habitable volumes to select the seal design best-suited for their particular application.

Dunlap, Patrick, H., Jr.; Steinetz, Bruce, M.

2012-01-01

97

Stafford Technical Center: Designing a Future for Architects and Builders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes Stafford Technical Center's Engineering Technology Academy (ETA), in which students pursue a variety of educational and career options for anything connected to construction technologies--including drafting and design, architecture, and even work in historic preservation. In addition to technical skills,…

Lucci, William, Jr.

2005-01-01

98

Modeling and Simulation for Mission Operations Work System Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Work System analysis and design is complex and non-deterministic. In this paper we describe Brahms, a multiagent modeling and simulation environment for designing complex interactions in human-machine systems. Brahms was originally conceived as a business process design tool that simulates work practices, including social systems of work. We describe our modeling and simulation method for mission operations work systems design, based on a research case study in which we used Brahms to design mission operations for a proposed discovery mission to the Moon. We then describe the results of an actual method application project-the Brahms Mars Exploration Rover. Space mission operations are similar to operations of traditional organizations; we show that the application of Brahms for space mission operations design is relevant and transferable to other types of business processes in organizations.

Sierhuis, Maarten; Clancey, William J.; Seah, Chin; Trimble, Jay P.; Sims, Michael H.

2003-01-01

99

Towards Design Guidelines for Work Related Learning Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to produce design guidelines based on insights from both practice and theory that will enable teachers and educational developers to execute the design, implementation and evaluation of their work-related learning arrangements with stakeholders involved. Design/methodology/approach: The first study reported in…

Lappia, Josephine H.

2011-01-01

100

Evaluating Design Proposals for Complex Systems with Work Domain Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose a new framework for evaluating designs based on work domain analysis, the first phase of cognitive work analysis. We develop a rationale for a new approach to evaluation by describing the unique characteristics of complex systems and by showing that systems engineering techniques only partially accommodate these characteristics. We then present work domain analysis as

Neelam Naikar; Penelope M. Sanderson

2001-01-01

101

Organizational Development and Its Role in Providing Aesthetically Pleasing Work for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizations, with the help of human resource development (HRD) staff, must reexamine their objectives for future operations and the work force. Organizations with a focus on organizational development (OD) can provide meaningful work to employees and the organization itself. The OD framework consists of three units that must coexist as the major…

Decker, Carol A.

102

The Future of Disaster Response: Humans Working with Multiagent Teams using DEFACTO  

E-print Network

, such as a terrorist attack. A key aspect of such a response will be agent-assisted vehicles working together. SpecifiThe Future of Disaster Response: Humans Working with Multiagent Teams using DEFACTO Nathan Schurr University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 Abstract When addressing terrorist threats we

Scerri, Paul

103

NASA super-pressure balloons - designing to meet the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Ultra Long Duration Balloon project presents a new challenge in balloon design by extending flight duration for large heavy payloads. The pumpkin balloon design is innovative and presents many new challenges. This paper encapsulates the NASA Ultra Long Duration Balloon Vehicle developments, presents them to the Science Community, and shows points of interaction with the users. The capabilities and limitations are presented to allow potential users to make informed choices in the development of balloon class payloads. Brief summaries of test flights and the cause and effect relationship between suspended load and float altitude are presented. A focus on innovation and the future using the Ultra Long Duration Balloon super-pressure balloon technology is also presented.

Cathey, Henry M., Jr.

2001-08-01

104

Evaluating design proposals for complex systems with work domain analysis.  

PubMed

In this paper we propose a new framework for evaluating designs based on work domain analysis, the first phase of cognitive work analysis. We develop a rationale for a new approach to evaluation by describing the unique characteristics of complex systems and by showing that systems engineering techniques only partially accommodate these characteristics. We then present work domain analysis as a complementary framework for evaluation. We explain this technique by example by showing how the Australian Defence Force used work domain analysis to evaluate design proposals for a new system called Airborne Early Warning and Control. This case study also demonstrates that work domain analysis is a useful and feasible approach that complements standard techniques for evaluation and that promotes a central role for human factors professionals early in the system design and development process. Actual or potential applications of this research include the evaluation of designs for complex systems. PMID:12002003

Naikar, N; Sanderson, P M

2001-01-01

105

CO2 Car Design Project with SolidWorks Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides information about using SolidWorks to design a CO2 car. The booklet is quite extensive and includes sections on what SolidWorks is, exploring and assembling the car, using SolidWorks Flow Simulation, visualization and rendering and more. It would be useful for classes learning SolidWorks software in this context. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

106

Computational design of ICCP systems: Lessons learned and future directions  

SciTech Connect

Computational modeling using boundary element techniques has been proposed for design and evaluation of shipboard impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems. LaPlace's equation, the governing differential equation for electrochemical corrosion, is well suited for solution by the boundary element method. There has been much work performed in this field during the past two decades. Computational modeling efforts designed to validate boundary element procedures are reviewed. US Navy ship systems discussed are CG-59, CG-66, and CVN-068. Computational analysis accuracy is determined by comparison with physical scale modeling experimental results. Lessons learned from the analysis described are summarized. Advantages and disadvantages of boundary element modeling are discussed.

DeGiorgi, V.G.; Lucas, K.E.

1999-07-01

107

Design. Youth Training Scheme. Core Exemplar Work Based Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This trainer's guide is intended to assist supervisors of work-based career training projects in helping students understand the importance of industrial designers and the stages of the industrial design process. The guide is one in a series of core curriculum modules that is intended for use in combination on- and off-the-job programs to…

Further Education Staff Coll., Blagdon (England).

108

Contradictions in Portfolio Careers: Work Design and Client Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper aims to explore "Portfolio work", an emerging form of flexible self-employment, which has been identified as significant but under-researched. This paper also seeks to explore the challenges and benefits of portfolio work from the perspective of individuals' experiences. Design/methodology/approach: The argument draws from a…

Fenwick, Tara J.

2006-01-01

109

Lunar base habitat designs: Characterizing the environment, and selecting habitat designs for future trade-offs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A survey of distinct conceptual lunar habitat designs covering the pre- and post-Apollo era is presented. The impact of the significant lunar environmental challenges such as temperature, atmosphere, radiation, soil properties, meteorites, and seismic activity on the habitat design parameters are outlined. Over twenty habitat designs were identified and classified according to mission type, crew size; total duration of stay, modularity, environmental protection measures, and emplacement. Simple selection criteria of (1) post-Apollo design, (2) uniqueness of the habitat design, (3) level of thoroughness in design layout, (4) habitat dimensions are provided, and (5) materials of construction for the habitat shell are specified, are used to select five habitats for future trade studies. Habitat emplacement scenarios are created to examine the possible impact of emplacement of the habitat in different locations, such as lunar poles vs. equatorial, above ground vs. below ground, etc.

Ganapathi, Gani B.; Ferrall, Joseph; Seshan, P. K.

1993-01-01

110

Design of functional work clothing for meat-cutters.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to design new functional work clothing for meat-cutters, paying particular attention to the metabolic requirements of the work and the thermal and general working conditions in slaughterhouses. On the basis of the results of the pilot study (review of the literature, questionnaires and interviews, work analysis, physiological measurements) different types of work clothing were designed for prolonged used during normal work in meat cutting. Physical material tests and measurements of thermal insulation values (l(cl)), and the follow-up of clothing maintenance were carried out. Further modifications and evaluations of work clothing were based on the opinions of meat-cutters and on the physiological trials in slaughterhouses. The final assembly of work clothing consists of three pieces (cotton/polyester): an apron, trousers with extra insulation in the lower back, and a work coat with extra insulation in the neck and shoulders, and at the wrists. The sleeves are protected against moisture by special textile material. The thermal insulation of this new set of work clothing together with long sleeved and legged underwear is 1.3 clo and it proved to be sufficient for thermal comfort in moderate work in an air temperature of 10 degrees C. PMID:15676753

Ilmarinen, R; Tammela, E; Korhonen, E

1990-03-01

111

[Favorable and effective instructional design (ID) for the future neurologist].  

PubMed

Recently, there have been many drastic changes in the educational technology for the medical fields in Japan. The educational style has shifted from the classical, which weighs knowledge, to the American, which weighs skill or performance. These trends would come from theoretical transition in pedagogics, bringing out the tremendous progress in the instructional designs, which effectively facilitated the information and communication technology (ICT). On the contrary, Neurology, as a pedagogic, is more characteristic both in the quality and the quantity of knowledge, rather than skill or performance. It has resulted in occurring many discrepancies among the educational parts of Neurology, that may be one of reasons for medical students or postgraduate trainees, having been growing up in full of ICT, had some against images of difficulty in learning this subject. So it might be more necessary for us that we should hurry to create the authentic context in the educational design of Neurology, then construct the stepwise off-the-job training system honestly along with it, on which we should aim to increase familiarity of learning neurological diseases or skills for these younger people, the future neurologists. And the important tip is that we can utilize "games", the products of ICT, without any hesitation. PMID:21921557

Doyu, Manabu

2010-11-01

112

Working memory capacity does not always support future-oriented mind-wandering.  

PubMed

To evaluate the claim that mind-wandering demands executive resources, and more specifically that people with better executive control will have the resources to engage in more future-oriented thought than will those with poorer executive control, we reanalyzed thought-report data from 2 independently conducted studies (J. C. McVay & M. J. Kane, 2012, Why does working memory capacity predict variation in reading comprehension? On the influence of mind wandering and executive attention, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol. 141, pp. 302-320; N. Unsworth & B. D. McMillan, in press, Mind-wandering and reading comprehension: Examining the roles of working memory capacity, interest, motivation, and topic experience, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition) on working memory capacity (WMC), mind-wandering, and reading comprehension. Both of these individual-differences studies assessed large samples of university subjects' WMC abilities via multiple tasks and probed their immediate thought content while reading; in reporting any task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs), subjects indicated whether those thoughts were about the future or the past, if applicable. In contrast to previously published findings indicating that higher WMC subjects mind-wandered about the future more than did lower WMC subjects (B. Baird, J. Smallwood, & J. W. Schooler, 2011, Back to the future: Autobiographical planning and the functionality of mind-wandering, Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 20, pp. 1604-1611), we found only weak to modest negative correlations between WMC and future-oriented TUTs. If anything, our findings suggest that higher WMC subjects' TUTs were somewhat less often future-oriented than were lower WMC subjects'. Either WMC is not truly associated with mind-wandering about the future, or we have identified some important boundary conditions around that association. PMID:23458550

McVay, Jennifer C; Unsworth, Nash; McMillan, Brittany D; Kane, Michael J

2013-03-01

113

Future work: This section is one of the repeat units in the PET structure.  

E-print Network

Future work: This section is one of the repeat units in the PET structure. Ester groupEster group--because of proprietary considerations--cannot be named here. The reason for this research PET is a form a plastic = many esters, or polyester. The letters in PET come from its formal name which is polyethylene

114

Education, Training and the Future of Work I: Social, Political and Economic Contexts of Policy Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first of two volumes is organized around the theme of the social, political, and economic contexts of education and training. (Volume II focuses on the development of vocational policy. Both volumes form part of the Open University MA Module, Education, Training, and the Future of Work.) An introduction (Geoff Esland, John Ahier) provides an…

Ahier, John, Ed.; Esland, Geoff, Ed.

115

Cognitive Architectures in HCI: Present Work and Future Directions Michael D. Byrne  

E-print Network

Cognitive Architectures in HCI: Present Work and Future Directions Michael D. Byrne Department of this introduction and six other papers on cognitive architectures in HCI. As many readers may not be familiar with cognitive architectures, a description of what cognitive architectures are is presented first. In an effort

Byrne, Mike

116

An introduction to our model The simulations Scaling Future work An Interacting Particle Model for Animal  

E-print Network

for Animal Migration Alethea Barbaro, UCLA CSCAMM FRG Workshop 3 March 2009 This research was done jointly An Interacting Particle Model for Animal Migration #12;An introduction to our model The simulations Scaling for Animal Migration #12;An introduction to our model The simulations Scaling Future work CSCAMM FRG Workshop

Maryland at College Park, University of

117

Design Study of Wafer Seals for Future Hypersonic Vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future hypersonic vehicles require high temperature, dynamic seals in advanced hypersonic engines and on the vehicle airframe to seal the perimeters of movable panels, flaps, and doors. Current seals do not meet the demanding requirements of these applications, so NASA Glenn Research Center is developing improved designs to overcome these shortfalls. An advanced ceramic wafer seal design has shown promise in meeting these needs. Results from a design of experiments study performed on this seal revealed that several installation variables played a role in determining the amount of leakage past the seals. Lower leakage rates were achieved by using a tighter groove width around the seals, a higher seal preload, a tighter wafer height tolerance, and a looser groove length. During flow testing, a seal activating pressure acting behind the wafers combined with simulated vibrations to seat the seals more effectively against the sealing surface and produce lower leakage rates. A seal geometry study revealed comparable leakage for full-scale wafers with 0.125 and 0.25 in. thicknesses. For applications in which lower part counts are desired, fewer 0.25-in.-thick wafers may be able to be used in place of 0.125-in.-thick wafers while achieving similar performance. Tests performed on wafers with a rounded edge (0.5 in. radius) in contact with the sealing surface resulted in flow rates twice as high as those for wafers with a flat edge. Half-size wafers had leakage rates approximately three times higher than those for full-size wafers.

Dunlap, Patrick H.; Finkbeiner, Joshua R.; Steinetz, Bruce M.; DeMange, Jeffrey J.

2005-01-01

118

Design Elements and Consumer Characteristics Relating to Design Preferences of Working Females  

Microsoft Academic Search

My study was designed to investigate the effect of design elements and consumers’ personal, psycho-social, job-related, and physical characteristics on business jacket design preferences of working females. A self-administered questionnaire including visual stimuli was mailed to 1,500 randomly drawn working females across the U.S. The sample consisted of 265 respondents who wore business jackets to work at least once a

Seulhee Yoo

2003-01-01

119

Improving the performances of current optical interferometers & future designs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of astrophysical studies making use of interferometers has steadily increased during the past 15 years. Nevertheless, the performances of interferometers are still limited: their sensitivity does not exceed magnitude V=12, and their imaging capability could yet be improved by increasing the number of telescopes/sub-apertures. In the context of the ELTs, it is not certain how future interferometry projects will be financed. However, interferometry remains the only way to observe compact astrophysical objects at very high angular resolution (< milli-arcsecond), like gravitational micro-lensing events, central engines of AGNs, proto-planetary disks, exoplanets, etc. The aim of this workshop was to review and discuss the development of technologies that could improve the performances of current and future interferometers: new optical designs; techniques to improve the accuracy of measurements (visibility, closure-phase, etc.); progress on delay-line performances; solutions without delay-lines; technologies for larger apertures at lower cost (ex: lightweight replica mirrors); optimized beam combiners (integrated optic, pupil densifier, etc.); fringe tracking systems; laser telemetry applied to interferometry; heterodyne interferometry; progress in heterodyne detection using new technologies (laser comb, time propagation technologies, etc.); progress in image reconstruction techniques; progress in nulling interferometry; and important science cases that could benefit from progress in interferometry (report of observations at the limit of current interferometers). Nearly 50 oral presentations have been delivered, followed by very lively discussions which eventually emerged with the proposition to organize the "Planet Formation Interferometer/Imager" (PFI) project. The present proceedings reflect most of the highlights of this international colloquium.

Arnold, L.; Le Coroller, H.; Surdej, J.

2014-04-01

120

Strategies for a Creative Future with Computer Science, Quality Design and Communicability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the current work is presented the importance of the two-way triad between computer science, design and communicability. It is demonstrated how the principles of quality of software engineering are not universal since they are disappearing inside university training. Besides, a short analysis of the term "creativity" males apparent the existence of plagiarism as a human factor that damages the future of communicability applied to the on-line and off-line contents of the open software. A set of measures and guidelines are presented so that the triad works again correctly in the next years to foster the qualitative design of the interactive systems on-line and/or off-line.

Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco V.; Villarreal, Maria

121

Health consequences of shift work and implications for structural design.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to perform a literature review on the health consequences of working rotating shifts and implications for structural design. A literature search was performed in June 2012 and a selection of the most relevant peer-review articles was included in the present review. Shift workers are more likely to suffer from a circadian sleep disorder characterized by sleepiness and insomnia. Shift work is associated with decreased productivity, impaired safety, diminished quality of life and adverse effects on health. Circadian disruption resulting from rotating shift work has also been associated with increased risk for metabolic syndrome, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. This article summarizes the known health effects of shift work and discusses how light can be used as a countermeasure to minimize circadian disruption at night while maintaining alertness. In the context of the lighted environment, implications for the design of newborn intensive care units are also discussed. PMID:23536025

Figueiro, M G; White, R D

2013-04-01

122

Quantifying Astronaut Tasks: Robotic Technology and Future Space Suit Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary aim of this research effort was to advance the current understanding of astronauts' capabilities and limitations in space-suited EVA by developing models of the constitutive and compatibility relations of a space suit, based on experimental data gained from human test subjects as well as a 12 degree-of-freedom human-sized robot, and utilizing these fundamental relations to estimate a human factors performance metric for space suited EVA work. The three specific objectives are to: 1) Compile a detailed database of torques required to bend the joints of a space suit, using realistic, multi- joint human motions. 2) Develop a mathematical model of the constitutive relations between space suit joint torques and joint angular positions, based on experimental data and compare other investigators' physics-based models to experimental data. 3) Estimate the work envelope of a space suited astronaut, using the constitutive and compatibility relations of the space suit. The body of work that makes up this report includes experimentation, empirical and physics-based modeling, and model applications. A detailed space suit joint torque-angle database was compiled with a novel experimental approach that used space-suited human test subjects to generate realistic, multi-joint motions and an instrumented robot to measure the torques required to accomplish these motions in a space suit. Based on the experimental data, a mathematical model is developed to predict joint torque from the joint angle history. Two physics-based models of pressurized fabric cylinder bending are compared to experimental data, yielding design insights. The mathematical model is applied to EVA operations in an inverse kinematic analysis coupled to the space suit model to calculate the volume in which space-suited astronauts can work with their hands, demonstrating that operational human factors metrics can be predicted from fundamental space suit information.

Newman, Dava

2003-01-01

123

Urban design and health: progress to date and future challenges.  

PubMed

Over the last 15 years, a growing body of Australian and international evidence has demonstrated that urban design attributes are associated with a range of health outcomes. For example, the location of employment, shops and services, provision of public and active transport infrastructure and access to open space and recreational opportunities are associated with chronic disease risk factors such as physical activity levels, access to healthy food, social connectedness, and air quality. Despite the growing knowledge base, this evidence is not being consistently translated into urban planning policy and practice in Australia. Low-density neighbourhoods with poor access to public transport, shops and services continue to be developed at a rapid rate in the sprawling outer suburbs of Australian cities. This paper provides an overview of the evidence of the association between the built environment and chronic diseases, highlighting progress and future challenges for health promotion. It argues that health promotion practitioners and researchers need to more closely engage with urban planning practitioners, policymakers and researchers to encourage the creation of healthy urban environments through integrated transport, land use and infrastructure planning. There is also a need for innovative research to evaluate the effectiveness of policy options. This would help evidence to be more effectively translated into policy and practice, making Australia a leader in planning healthy communities. PMID:24739774

Lowe, Melanie; Boulange, Claire; Giles-Corti, Billie

2014-04-01

124

43 CFR 3186.3 - Model for designation of successor unit operator by working interest owners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...designation of successor unit operator by working interest owners. 3186.3 Section...designation of successor unit operator by working interest owners. Designation of successor...Party,” and the owners of unitized working interests, hereinafter designated...

2011-10-01

125

Patients Creating Self-Help on the Internet - Lessons for Future Design of Internet Based Healthcare Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports from an ongoing research work on patients' use of the Internet for medical information with special focus on how this can inform the design of future IT use in the healthcare - patient relationship. The paper explores the process of initiating patient communities online as a way of coping and making sense of a difficult life situation

Ulrika Josefsson

2004-01-01

126

Medical Resident Work Schedules: Design and Evaluation by Stimulation Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society has demanded reform in medical resident work scheduling; consequently, hospitals are implementing changes having organizational, clinical, financial, social, emotional, and educational consequences for physician training and patient care. We report the use of simulation modeling as an approach to evaluate the outcomes of alternative designs prior to implementation. Mobile resources such as physicians with complex job descriptions and patients

Robert S. Dittus; Robert W. Klein; David J. DeBrota; Mark A. Dame; John F. Fitzgerald

1996-01-01

127

FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Market Design Analysis Tool  

E-print Network

Infrastructure Operations Center (EIOC), the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) national electric The Future Power Grid Initiative (FPGI) will deliver next-generation concepts and tools for grid operation and planning and ensure a more secure, efficient and reliable future grid. Building on the Electricity

128

Changes of glaciers in the Andes of Chile and priorities for future work.  

PubMed

Glaciers in the Andes of Chile seem to be shrinking and possibly loosing mass, but the number and types of studies conducted, constrained mainly by data availability, are not sufficient to provide a synopsis of glacier changes for the past or future or explain in an explicit way causes of the observed changes. In this paper, we provide a systematic review of changes in glaciers for the entire country, followed by a discussion of the studies that have provided evidence of such changes. We identify a missing type of work in distributed, physically-oriented modelling studies that are needed to bridge the gap between the numerous remote sensing studies and the specific, point scale works focused on process understanding. We use an advanced mass balance model applied to one of the best monitored glaciers in the region to investigate four main research issues that should be addressed in modelling studies for a sound assessment of glacier changes: 1) the use of physically-based models of glacier ablation (energy balance models) versus more empirical models (enhanced temperature index approaches); 2) the importance of the correct extrapolation of air temperature forcing on glaciers and in high elevation areas and the large uncertainty in model outputs associated with it; 3) the role played by snow gravitational redistribution; and 4) the uncertainty associated with future climate scenarios. We quantify differences in model outputs associated with each of these choices, and conclude with suggestions for future work directions. PMID:24300481

Pellicciotti, F; Ragettli, S; Carenzo, M; McPhee, J

2014-09-15

129

A tension between genuine care and other duties: Swedish nursing students' views of their future work.  

PubMed

There is a current need for nurses to take on new roles due to changing health care policies, economic cut-backs and shortage of staff. It is therefore important to study nursing students' view of their future profession. The theoretical framework was contemporary theories of competence development, which has shown that people's understanding of their work is expressed in their actions. The aim of this study was to describe nursing students' understanding of their future professional role in health care. A purposeful sample of 12 nursing students wrote narratives. The texts were condensed in five steps using the Empirical Phenomenological Psychological Method. The essence of the students' view of their future work was A tension between genuine nursing care and other duties. Four themes constituted this essence: professional status, working conditions and stress, evidence-based nursing contra holistic care, teamwork, co-operation and disrespect, and intensive care instead of geriatrics. This study highlights pedagogic and practical problems that need to be constructively addressed. The nursing students' eagerness to care in a holistic way needs to be acknowledged and used in a fruitful way. This core function of nursing needs to be integrated with up-to-date nursing research. PMID:15701541

Holmström, Inger; Larsson, Jan

2005-02-01

130

RELATIONS BETWEEN WORK GROUP CHARACTERISTICS AND EFFECTIVENESS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DESIGNING EFFECTIVE WORK GROUPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

productivity, employee satisfaction, and manager judgments. Data were collected from 391 employees, 70 managers, and archival records for 80 work groups in a financial organization. Results showed that all three effectiveness criteria were predicted by the characteristics, and nearly all characteristics predicted some of the effectiveness criteria. The job design and process themes were slightly more predictive than the interdependence,

MICHAEL A. CAMPION; GINA J. MEDSKER; A. CATHERINE HIGGS

1993-01-01

131

Sustainable winter cities: Future directions for planning, policy and design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attempts to generate a "climate-responsive" northern urban form are part of a relatively recent phenomenon and field of investigation. In conjunction with the international "winter cities" movement, the need has been established for explicit, systematic inquiry directed toward national and local action to improve the comfort and lifestyles of all northern inhabitants. It is important to recognize that winter-induced discomforts exist and that they must be acknowledged in planning theory and practice. For northern cities to function more satisfactorily, the negative impacts of winter must be reduced while its beneficial characteristics are enhanced. While not all summer activities can or should be abandoned during winter, proper micro-climatic control is essential if human life is to be retained outside. The outdoor season should be extended since so much indoor isolation occurs. The main principles to be incorporated in exemplary "winter city" design should be contact with nature, year-round usability, user participation, cultural continuity, and the creation of comfortable micro-climatic conditions throughout much of the city's open spaces. All valuable sources of inspiration must be harnessed in the attempt to mediate between organic regionalism and internationalism, on the one hand, and romanticism and pragmatic realism, on the other. Creating optimum conditions for human well-being, habitation, work and intellectual development in each of the four seasons is vital under harsh environments. Adopting a climate-sensitive approach to planning policy and urban design can render everyday life less stressful, especially during the lengthy winter periods found in many northern latitude and high altitude settings.

Pressman, Norman E. P.

132

Models of Change: The Future of Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses design and design education in the context of four major social and environmental concerns identified by Bruce Archer in 1973: overpopulation; pollution; depletion of natural resources; control. It argues for the social and economic importance of design education in primary and secondary schools. It identifies "designerly

Baynes, Ken; Baynes, Brochocka

2010-01-01

133

Social media: key tools for the future of work-based learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to demonstrate the potential of web 2.0 tools in the online support of work-based learners. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper provides an overview of the current use and benefits of web 2.0 tools in the support of work-based learners. It includes two case studies that demonstrate, first, how action research is testing the boundaries of online

Tony Toole

2011-01-01

134

Spatial Patterns and Design Policies for Future American Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes plans for future urban development which take into account energy needs, mass transportation, technological innovations, high density settlement along the rapid transit spine, and rational decision making. (Author/DB)

Dutt, Ashok K.; Costa, Frank J.

1977-01-01

135

[Technology and future ways of thinking related to work from ergonomics points of views in moments of global crisis].  

PubMed

Is it possible to establish (at short, medium and long term) future work conditions or expected work conditions for Colombian people considering upcoming work technologies? Is it possible to anticipate future work desirable work conditions for Colombian people in order to plan (foresee?) work technologies? These questions guided this research and they point to an action thesis and to a reaction one in this context of work crisis. Even though a work technology establishes where, when, how, who, who with, and using what element work is done, it also establishes certain work conditions. Besides, multiple forms of considering and deconstructing past have been created from many disciplines. However, in order to foresee or construct work technologies requires a different perspective for looking further. This research has been carried out considering other disciplines points of view regarding Future Studies and Future Thinking Studies. This research has the purpose of finding future paths for Future Thinking Studies from ergonomics point of view in this moment of global work crisis we are going through. PMID:23258752

Puentes-Lagos, David E; García-Acosta, Gabriel

2012-06-01

136

Where the wild things work: capturing shared physical design workspaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have built and tested WorkspaceNavigator, which supports knowledge capture and reuse for teams engaged in unstructured, dispersed, and prolonged collaborative design activity in a dedicated physical workspace. It provides a coherent unified interface for post-facto retrieval of multiple streams of data from the work environment, including overview snapshots of the workspace, screenshots of in-space computers, whiteboard images, and digital

Wendy Ju; Arna Ionescu; Lawrence Neeley; Terry Winograd

2004-01-01

137

High Performance Interconnect System Design for Future Chip Multiprocessors  

E-print Network

Chip Multi-Processor (CMP) architectures have become mainstream for designing processors. With a large number of cores, Network-On-Chip (NOC) provides a scalable communication method for CMP architectures. NOC must be carefully designed to meet...

Wang, Lei

2013-05-02

138

Designing and Evaluating: Creating Futures and Appreciating Error.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses design and evaluation concepts and methodologies in the context of comprehensive system design (CSD) and considers the concept of error throughout. Topics addressed include six core concepts of CSD; design processes; evaluation concepts; evaluation processes, including criterion-related validity, construct validity, and systemic…

Rowland, Gordon

1994-01-01

139

Building for the future The Green Building and Sustainable Design Certificate Program addresses  

E-print Network

Building for the future The Green Building and Sustainable Design Certificate Program addresses for implementation of green building and sustainable design into site planning and design, building design and construction, and building management practices. Started as a joint program between two of UC Davis Extension

California at Davis, University of

140

The advent of canine performance science: offering a sustainable future for working dogs.  

PubMed

Working and sporting dogs provide an essential contribution to many industries worldwide. The common development, maintenance and disposal of working and sporting dogs can be considered in the same way as other animal production systems. The process of 'production' involves genetic selection, puppy rearing, recruitment and assessment, training, housing and handling, handler education, health and working life end-point management. At present, inefficiencies throughout the production process result in a high failure rate of dogs attaining operational status. This level of wastage would be condemned in other animal production industries for economic reasons and has significant implications for dog welfare, as well as public perceptions of dog-based industries. Standards of acceptable animal use are changing and some historically common uses of animals are no longer publicly acceptable, especially where harm is caused for purposes deemed trivial, or where alternatives exist. Public scrutiny of animal use appears likely to increase and extend to all roles of animals, including working and sporting dogs. Production system processes therefore need to be transparent, traceable and ethically acceptable for animal use to be sustainable into the future. Evidence-based approaches already inform best practice in fields as diverse as agriculture and human athletic performance. This article introduces the nascent discipline of canine performance science, which aims to facilitate optimal product quality and production efficiency, while also assuring evidence-based increments in dog welfare through a process of research and development. Our thesis is that the model of canine performance science offers an objective, transparent and traceable opportunity for industry development in line with community expectations and underpins a sustainable future for working dogs. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Canine Behavior. PMID:25444772

Cobb, Mia; Branson, Nick; McGreevy, Paul; Lill, Alan; Bennett, Pauleen

2015-01-01

141

Plasmas create a new path for future fuel cell designs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuel cells are often perceived as being part of the future solution to the 'energy crisis', providing 'clean' electricity with virtually no emissions. The development of fuel cells is considered to be an integral part of a sustainable 'hydrogen economy', in which hydrogen gas is produced using renewable sources of energy, and which offers the possibility of abundant energy with

P. Brault; A. Caillard; A.-L. Thomann; C. Charles; R. Boswell; D. Ramdutt; C. Corr; J. Durand; S. Roualdès; J. Larrieu; A. Ennadjaoui; C. Coutanceau; J.-M. Léger

142

Including the Effects of Future Tests in Aircraft Structural Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Abstract In this paper, we investigate the effects of future tests on aircraft structural safety, focusing on the numbers of coupon tests and structural element tests. The mean failure stress is assumed to be predicted by a failure criterion (e.g. Tsai-Wu), and the initial distribution of this mean failure stress reflects the uncertainty in the analysis procedure that uses

Erdem Acar; Raphael T. Haftka; Nam-Ho Kim; Deepti Buchi

143

Design options for improving protective gloves for industrial assembly work.  

PubMed

The study investigated the effects of wearing two new designs of cotton glove on several hand performance capabilities and compared them against the effects of barehanded, single-layered and double cotton glove conditions when working with hand tools (screwdriver and pliers). The new glove designs were based on the findings of subjective hand discomfort assessments for this type of work and aimed to match the glove thickness to the localised pressure and sensitivity in different areas of the hand as well as to provide adequate dexterity for fine manipulative tasks. The results showed that the first prototype glove and the barehanded condition were comparable and provided better dexterity and higher handgrip strength than double thickness gloves. The results support the hypothesis that selective thickness in different areas of the hand could be applied by glove manufacturers to improve the glove design, so that it can protect the hands from the environment and at the same time allow optimal hand performance capabilities. PMID:24636726

Dianat, Iman; Haslegrave, Christine M; Stedmon, Alex W

2014-07-01

144

User-interface design, culture, and the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the cultural anthropologist Hofstede's culture dimensions and considers how they might affect user-interface designs. Examples from the Web illustrate the cultural dimensions User-interface designers have identified basic components of user interfaces. An initial mapping of culture dimensions to user-interface components seeks to help user-interface designers cope with global product and service development. Ultimately, tools might emerge to

Aaron Marcus

2002-01-01

145

Career choice and future design of dental students in China and Japan.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to compare career choice and future plans of dental students in China and Japan. Information was derived from a self-answered questionnaire. Significant differences were detected for eight items between the two countries. Regarding motivation towards career choice, 41% of Japanese students indicated positive motives related to helping others, achieving self-worth and health-care related interests, whereas Chinese students indicated that their choice was mainly for financial and prestige reasons, and for 32% of them, dentistry was a passive choice. More Chinese dental students (74%) wanted further education compared with Japanese students (22%). The majority of Japanese students (56.9%) planned to work as general dentists. Conversely, Chinese students were more likely to specialise (50%). More than 50% of Japanese students wanted to work in dental offices, but the majority of Chinese students (65%) preferred university hospital. We found it is strange that nearly one-fourth of the Chinese students did not want to be a clinical dentist mainly because of the poor health-care environment. This study provides a description of the perspectives of Japanese and Chinese dental students and enables a better understanding of career choices and future course design issues. PMID:24571728

Yan, Xu; Zhang, Xinwen; Jinno, Yohei; Tachibana, Keishu; Gao, Jie; Koyano, Kiyoshi; Ai, Hongjun; Shen, Yong

2014-04-01

146

School Libraries: A Design Recipe for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses design elements of a 21st century school library, including space, books and shelving, seats, tables, technology (computers, scanners, projectors), building materials (wood, metal, plastic, paint, glass, fibers), and light and color. A sidebar describes the L!BRARY initiative to creatively design, professionally staff, and…

Myerberg, Henry

2002-01-01

147

The Future of Management as Design: A Thought Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Management practices and education are presently in a stage of reappraisal and a growing number of scholars and experts are suggesting that managers should be taught and adopt the approach and methodologies of designers. The purpose of this paper is to imagine the impact of this move and to try and foresee whether "management as design"…

Bouchard, Veronique; del Forno, Leon

2012-01-01

148

Robonaut: a robot designed to work with humans in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Robotics Technology Branch at the NASA Johnson Space Center is developing robotic systems to assist astronauts in space. One such system, Robonaut, is a humanoid robot with the dexterity approaching that of a suited astronaut. Robonaut currently has two dexterous arms and hands, a three degree-of-freedom articulating waist, and a two degree-of-freedom neck used as a camera and sensor platform. In contrast to other space manipulator systems, Robonaut is designed to work within existing corridors and use the same tools as space walking astronauts. Robonaut is envisioned as working with astronauts, both autonomously and by teleoperation, performing a variety of tasks including, routine maintenance, setting up and breaking down worksites, assisting crew members while outside of spacecraft, and serving in a rapid response capacity.

Bluethmann, William; Ambrose, Robert; Diftler, Myron; Askew, Scott; Huber, Eric; Goza, Michael; Rehnmark, Fredrik; Lovchik, Chris; Magruder, Darby

2003-01-01

149

Robonaut: a robot designed to work with humans in space.  

PubMed

The Robotics Technology Branch at the NASA Johnson Space Center is developing robotic systems to assist astronauts in space. One such system, Robonaut, is a humanoid robot with the dexterity approaching that of a suited astronaut. Robonaut currently has two dexterous arms and hands, a three degree-of-freedom articulating waist, and a two degree-of-freedom neck used as a camera and sensor platform. In contrast to other space manipulator systems, Robonaut is designed to work within existing corridors and use the same tools as space walking astronauts. Robonaut is envisioned as working with astronauts, both autonomously and by teleoperation, performing a variety of tasks including, routine maintenance, setting up and breaking down worksites, assisting crew members while outside of spacecraft, and serving in a rapid response capacity. PMID:12703513

Bluethmann, William; Ambrose, Robert; Diftler, Myron; Askew, Scott; Huber, Eric; Goza, Michael; Rehnmark, Fredrik; Lovchik, Chris; Magruder, Darby

2003-01-01

150

Understanding Workaholism: Data Synthesis, Theoretical Critique, and Future Design Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workaholism involves a personal reluctance to disengage from work, which is evidenced by the tendency to work irrespective of external demands. While the term workaholism has been widely used by the public for over 30 years, scientists are only beginning to explore the behavior in depth. To date, most research has occurred on an ad hoc basis, emerging from a

Lynley H. W. McMillan; Michael P. O'Driscoll; Nigel V. Marsh; Elizabeth C. Brady

2001-01-01

151

Designing the STS-134 Re-Rendezvous: A Preparation for Future Crewed Rendezvous Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In preparation to provide the capability for the Orion spacecraft, also known as the Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV), to rendezvous with the International Space Station (ISS) and future spacecraft, a new suite of relative navigation sensors are in development and were tested on one of the final Space Shuttle missions to ISS. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) commissioned a flight test of prototypes of the Orion relative navigation sensors on STS-134, in order to test their performance in the space environment during the nominal rendezvous and docking, as well as a re-rendezvous dedicated to testing the prototype sensors following the undocking of the Space Shuttle orbiter at the end of the mission. Unlike the rendezvous and docking at the beginning of the mission, the re-rendezvous profile replicates the newly designed Orion coelliptic approach trajectory, something never before attempted with the shuttle orbiter. Therefore, there were a number of new parameters that needed to be conceived of, designed, and tested for this rerendezvous to make the flight test successful. Additionally, all of this work had to be integrated with the normal operations of the ISS and shuttle and had to conform to the constraints of the mission and vehicles. The result of this work is a separation and rerendezvous trajectory design that would not only prove the design of the relative navigation sensors for the Orion vehicle, but also would serve as a proof of concept for the Orion rendezvous trajectory itself. This document presents the analysis and decision making process involved in attaining the final STS-134 re-rendezvous design.

Stuit, Timothy D.

2011-01-01

152

Assessing the 'system' in safe systems-based road designs: using cognitive work analysis to evaluate intersection designs.  

PubMed

While a safe systems approach has long been acknowledged as the underlying philosophy of contemporary road safety strategies, systemic applications are sparse. This article argues that systems-based methods from the discipline of Ergonomics have a key role to play in road transport design and evaluation. To demonstrate, the Cognitive Work Analysis framework was used to evaluate two road designs - a traditional Melbourne intersection and a cut-through design for future intersections based on road safety safe systems principles. The results demonstrate that, although the cut-through intersection appears different in layout from the traditional intersection, system constraints are not markedly different. Furthermore, the analyses demonstrated that redistribution of constraints in the cut-through intersection resulted in emergent behaviour, which was not anticipated and could prove problematic. Further, based on the lack of understanding of emergent behaviour, similar design induced problems are apparent across both intersections. Specifically, incompatibilities between infrastructure, vehicles and different road users were not dealt with by the proposed design changes. The importance of applying systems methods in the design and evaluation of road transport systems is discussed. PMID:24225066

Cornelissen, M; Salmon, P M; Stanton, N A; McClure, R

2015-01-01

153

Design of high efficiency blowers for future aerosol applications  

E-print Network

(1000 PA). Commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, FLUENT 6.1.22, was used extensively throughout the entire design cycle. The machine, Reynolds number (Re) , was around 10^5 suggesting a turbulent flow field. Renormalization Group (RNG...

Chadha, Raman

2007-04-25

154

Energy Mobility Network : system design, interfaces, and future interactions  

E-print Network

The Energy Mobility Network is a mobile, networked energy production, consumption and sharing system that is designed to motivate users to be more aware of their energy consumption. In particular, the system provides a ...

Cheung, Natalie Wen Yua

2011-01-01

155

Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions  

E-print Network

For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated ...

Herr, Hugh M.

156

Passport for the Future: Why We Need to Re-Design the Planet  

E-print Network

Passport for the Future: Why We Need to Re-Design the Planet Friday, October 26, 2012 12:00 - 1 Saloff-Coste President Design Me a Planet Saloff-Coste is recognized in Europe, America, and Asia" to the "Information Society." Saloff-Coste's international NGO, "Design Me a Planet," creates global scenarios

Hall, Sharon J.

157

A PROGRAMME FOR FUTURE RESEARCH This work tackled a broad range of issues. Throughout this project, however, the  

E-print Network

CHAPTER 11 A PROGRAMME FOR FUTURE RESEARCH This work tackled a broad range of issues. Throughout of the solidification behaviour of steel welds so that the identity of the solidifying phase can be predicted

Cambridge, University of

158

Work In Progress: Incorporating System-Level Design Tools into Digital Design and Capstone Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our ongoing effort to create a set of laboratory exercises and projects of varying complexities suitable for undergraduate, upper level digital design and capstone courses. The laboratory exercises incorporate system-level design tools and state-of-the-art FPGA boards. Specifically, this work shares the experience of using software tools such as Simulink, an assortment of Matlab toolboxes, Xilinx System Generator,

Wagdy H Mahmoud

2006-01-01

159

After its first half-century, NASA celebrates and considers the future of its work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two halves of NASA merge at half-centuryhttp://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26948872/NASA at 50: Johnson Space Center being put to the testhttp://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/headline/metro/6028850.html50 Years in Space: NASA's Roadmap to 2058http://www.space.com/news/081001-nasa50-road-ahead.htmlThe Hubble Space Telescope [Real Player, Macromedia Flash Player]http://hubble.nasa.gov/NASA Human Space Flight [Macromedia Flash Player, pdf]http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/home/index.htmlFor fifty years, the work of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has fascinated children and adults both here in the United States and around the world. NASA officially opened its doors for business on October 1, 1958 and since that time they have sponsored hundreds of research missions that made household names of people like Alan Shepard, John Glenn, Neil Armstrong, and Buzz Aldrin. In recent years, the agency has weathered a number of criticisms, including some pointed critiques of the space shuttle program. One of the current programs that NASA is working on involves bringing robotic and human exploration together, rather than keeping them separated, which has been the practice for most of their history. Currently, NASA has a number of long-range plans to fix the Hubble Space Telescope, finish the international space station, and also return to the moon. Of course, one long-standing question that remains unanswered (and also quite controversial) is whether or not involving humans in spaceflight at all is worth the risk and expense. In a recent interview, physicist Robert Park remarked that manned spaceflight is an "old-fashioned way" to do things. In response, NASA administrator Michael Griffin noted, "Human spaceflight is about expanding the range of human action. And I think that matters." The first link will take users to a piece from this Wednesday's Voice of America that discusses both the past accomplishments of NASA and their future challenges. The second link will whisk users away to a thoughtful piece by MSNBC's Alan Boyle on NASA's attempts to bring together the work of both robots and humans for future ventures and missions. The third link will take visitors to an article from this Monday's Houston Chronicle on the future of the Johnson Space Center, which is more commonly known to millions around the world as "Mission Control". Moving on, the fourth link leads to a fine piece from aerospace consultant Jim Banke on what can be expected from NASA in their next fifty years. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the Hubble Space Telescope. Here visitors can read about this tremendous piece of technology, view images, and also learn about its future missions. Finally, the last link leads to NASA's Human Space Flight website, where visitors can learn about future voyages to the moon and Mars.

Grinnell, Max

160

Powering the Future: A Wind Turbine Design Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nothing brings out the best in eighth-grade physical science students quite like an engineering challenge. The wind turbine design challenge described in this article has proved to be a favorite among students with its focus on teamwork and creativity and its (almost) sneaky reinforcement of numerous physics concepts. For this activity, pairs of…

Pries, Caitlin Hicks; Hughes, Julie

2011-01-01

161

Building Futures: The Head Start Impact Study. Research Design Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Along with the rapid expansion over the past decade of Head Start, a program providing comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children, their families, and their communities, has come the demand for rigorous research to demonstrate program effectiveness. This report describes the proposed design of a national study of the…

Puma, Michael; Bell, Stephen; Shapiro, Gary; Broene, Pam; Cook, Ronna; Friedman, Janet; Heid, Camilla

162

Model evaluation, recommendation and prioritizing of future work for the manipulator emulator testbed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Manipulator Emulator Testbed (MET) is to provide a facility capable of hosting the simulation of various manipulator configurations to support concept studies, evaluation, and other engineering development activities. Specifically, the testbed is intended to support development of the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) and related systems. The objective of this study is to evaluate the math models developed for the MET simulation of a manipulator's rigid body dynamics and the servo systems for each of the driven manipulator joints. Specifically, the math models are examined with regard to their amenability to pipeline and parallel processing. Based on this evaluation and the project objectives, a set of prioritized recommendations are offered for future work.

Kelly, Frederick A.

1989-01-01

163

Future In-Space Operations (FISO): A Working Group and Community Engagement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Long-duration human capabilities beyond low Earth orbit (LEO), either in support of or as an alternative to lunar surface operations, have been assessed at least since the late 1960s. Over the next few months, we will present short histories of concepts for long-duration, free-space human habitation beyond LEO from the end of the Apollo program to the Decadal Planning Team (DPT)/NASA Exploration Team (NExT), which was active in 1999 2000 (see Forging a vision: NASA s Decadal Planning Team and the origins of the Vision for Space Exploration , The Space Review, December 19, 2005). Here we summarize the brief existence of the Future In-Space Operations (FISO) working group in 2005 2006 and its successor, a telecon-based colloquium series, which we co-moderate.

Thronson, Harley; Lester, Dan

2013-01-01

164

Electrostatic gravity gradiometer design for the future mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Satellite gravity gradiometry has been applied in GOCE mission to obtain higher harmonics of the Earth's gravity mapping. In-orbit results showed that the precision of GOCE gradiometry achieved a level of 10-20 mE/Hz1/2 in the bandwidth of 38-100 mHz, and the major error source came from the intrinsic noise of the core sensor electrostatic accelerometer. Two schemes for improving sensitivity of such accelerometer are presented by optimizing the parameters to reduce the dynamic range and choosing the heavier proof mass to suppress the thermal noise limited by the discharging gold wire. As a result, an accelerometer with a better resolution of 6.6×10-13 m/s2/Hz1/2 could be developed, and then a precision of 3 mE/Hz1/2, corresponding to a spatial resolution of about 78 km half wavelength, is achievable for the future satellite gradiometric mission.

Zhu, Z.; Zhou, Z. B.; Cai, L.; Bai, Y. Z.; Luo, J.

2013-06-01

165

Designing a Methodology for Future Air Travel Scenarios  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growing demand on air travel throughout the world has prompted several proposals for the development of commercial aircraft capable of transporting a large number of passengers at supersonic speeds. Emissions from a projected fleet of such aircraft, referred to as high-speed civil transports (HSCT's), are being studied because of their possible effects on the chemistry and physics of the global atmosphere, in particular, on stratospheric ozone. At the same time, there is growing concern about the effects on ozone from the emissions of current (primarily subsonic) aircraft emissions. Evaluating the potential atmospheric impact of aircraft emissions from HSCT's requires a scientifically sound understanding of where the aircraft fly and under what conditions the aircraft effluents are injected into the atmosphere. A preliminary set of emissions scenarios are presented. These scenarios will be used to understand the sensitivity of environment effects to a range of fleet operations, flight conditions, and aircraft specifications. The baseline specifications for the scenarios are provided: the criteria to be used for developing the scenarios are defined, the required data base for initiating the development of the scenarios is established, and the state of the art for those scenarios that have already been developed is discussed. An important aspect of the assessment will be the evaluation of realistic projections of emissions as a function of both geographical distribution and altitude from an economically viable commercial HSCT fleet. With an assumed introduction date of around the year 2005, it is anticipated that there will be no HSCT aircraft in the global fleet at that time. However, projections show that, by 2015, the HSCT fleet could reach significant size. We assume these projections of HSCT and subsonic fleets for about 2015 can the be used as input to global atmospheric chemistry models to evaluate the impact of the HSCT fleets, relative to an all-subsonic future fleet. The methodology, procedures, and recommendations for the development of future HSCT and the subsonic fleet scenarios used for this evaluation are discussed.

Wuebbles, Donald J.; Baughcum, Steven L.; Gerstle, John H.; Edmonds, Jae; Kinnison, Douglas E.; Krull, Nick; Metwally, Munir; Mortlock, Alan; Prather, Michael J.

1992-01-01

166

FRACSAT: Automated design synthesis for future space architectures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the algorithmic basis and development of FRACSAT (FRACtionated Spacecraft Architecture Toolkit), a new approach to conceptual design, cost-benefit analysis, and detailed trade studies for space systems. It provides an automated capability for exploration of candidate spacecraft architectures, leading users to near-optimal solutions with respect to user-defined requirements, risks, and program uncertainties. FRACSAT utilizes a sophisticated planning algorithm (PlanVisioner) to perform a quasi-exhaustive search for candidate architectures, constructing candidates from an extensible model-based representation of space system components and functions. These candidates are then evaluated with emphasis on the business case, computing the expected design utility and system costs as well as risk, presenting the user with a greatly reduced selection of candidates. The user may further refine the search according to cost or benefit uncertainty, adaptability, or other performance metrics as needed.

Mackey, R.; Uckun, S.; Do, Minh; Shah, J.

167

Works on color design installed in an urban environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This project is about color-design paintings with evident chromatic contents to be located in several parts of the city. This project aims to make a two-dimension work alive in the three-dimension urban environment thus provoking a global vision of color and at the same time establishing a relation between both dimensions of the surrounding environment. Each work, which consists of a big colorful canvas, invites people to accept color as an active and aesthetic element to be experimented also in those areas that are normally without color. The project of color has been created and diversified considering the differences among various parts of the city. It is a confluence- comparison relationship between color and architecture. This project is part of a wide-research on 're-education to color,' helping people to enjoy the positive vital message of color. Re-appropriation of color is therefore an element of cultural evolution for a more harmonious and sensitive relationship with the environment. Hence, it is the responsibility of scientists and aesthetic operators to investigate and communicate new suggestions in the exciting field of color. Aesthetic operators along with scientists may contribute to a richer exploration in the use of color under innovative circumstances, in order to stimulate sensitivity to colors.

Rizzo, Silvia

2002-06-01

168

Past, present, and future of optical design at the College of Optical Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The College of Optical Sciences, OSC, has seen three periods of optical design teaching and development. The first years 1964-1969; the golden years 1970-1999; and the new millennia years. Today the college offers a comprehensive and professional curriculum in optical design learning, and enjoys a strong heritage in optical design. This paper provides a perspective into the history and future prospects in optical design at the OSC.

Sasián, José

2014-09-01

169

Integrating Motivational, Social, and Contextual Work Design Features: A Meta-Analytic Summary and Theoretical Extension of the Work Design Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors developed and meta-analytically examined hypotheses designed to test and extend work design theory by integrating motivational, social, and work context characteristics. Results from a summary of 259 studies and 219,625 participants showed that 14 work characteristics explained, on average, 43% of the variance in the 19 worker attitudes and behaviors examined. For example, motivational characteristics explained 25% of

Stephen E. Humphrey; Jennifer D. Nahrgang; Frederick P. Morgeson

2007-01-01

170

Legally compatible design of digital dactyloscopy in future surveillance scenarios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Innovation in multimedia systems impacts on our society. For example surveillance camera systems combine video and audio information. Currently a new sensor for capturing fingerprint traces is being researched. It combines greyscale images to determine the intensity of the image signal, on one hand, and topographic information to determine fingerprint texture on a variety of surface materials, on the other. This research proposes new application areas which will be analyzed from a technical-legal view point. It assesses how technology design can promote legal criteria of German and European privacy and data protection. For this we focus on one technology goal as an example.

Pocs, Matthias; Schott, Maik; Hildebrandt, Mario

2012-06-01

171

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

2012-01-01

172

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

2011-01-01

173

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

2014-01-01

174

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

2013-01-01

175

Combination of adjuvants: the future of vaccine design.  

PubMed

It is thought that the development of vaccines for the treatment of infectious diseases and cancer is likely to be achieved in the coming decades. This is partially due to a better understanding of the regulatory networks connecting innate with adaptive immune responses. The innate immune response is triggered by the recognition of conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns by germ line-coded pattern recognition receptors. Several families of pattern recognition receptors have been characterized, including Toll-like receptors and nucleotide-binding domain receptors. The identification of their ligands has driven the development of novel adjuvants many of which have been tested in vaccine clinical trials. Here, the authors review recent preclinical data and clinical trial results supporting the view that combinations of adjuvants are the way forward in vaccine design. Multiadjuvanted vaccines can stimulate the broad and robust protective immune responses required to fight chronic infectious diseases and cancer. PMID:23885819

Mount, Adele; Koernig, Sandra; Silva, Anabel; Drane, Debbie; Maraskovsky, Eugene; Morelli, Adriana Baz

2013-07-01

176

Facing the Future: Barriers and Resources in Work and Family Plans of At-Risk Israeli Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines 15 at-risk Israeli youngsters' work and family plans and the perceived barriers and resources influencing the realization of those plans. In-depth interviews analyzed by Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) demonstrate the complexity of the future awaiting these youths. Participants perceive work mainly as a means of obtaining…

Cinamon, Rachel Gali; Hason, Iris

2009-01-01

177

Interim measure work plan/design for Agra, Kansas.  

SciTech Connect

This Interim Measure Work Plan/Design (IMWP/D) is supplemental to the Argonne document Interim Measure Conceptual Design for Remediation of Source Area Contamination at Agra, Kansas. The IMWP/D includes information required by Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Policy BER-RS-029, Policy and Scope of Work for Interim Measures. Specific to Policy BER-RS-029 is the requirement for several documents that will ensure that an adequate amount and type of data are collected for implementation of the IMWP/D and that data quality and safe conditions are prevailed. Such information is included in the IMWP/D as follows: Appendix A: Data Acquisition Plan--Design Testing Requirements; Appendix B: Basis of Design; Appendix C: Permits; Appendix D: Quality Assurance Project Plan; Appendix E: Health and Safety Plan; and Appendix F: Operations, Maintenance, and Monitoring Schedule. The proposed remedial technology for this project is the installation of five large-diameter boreholes (LDBs) in a source area that has been identified on the property formerly used for grain storage by the Commodity Credit Corporation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (CCC/USDA). The goal of the LDB technology is the remediation of the source area by removal of mass quantities of contaminated soil from the vadose zone and treatment of any remaining contaminated soils that are adjacent to the source area to achieve a carbon tetrachloride concentration below 200 {micro}g/kg. Secondary to the soil remediation is the remediation of groundwater at and adjacent to the source areas. The LDB technology serves the following purposes: (1) The physical removal of contaminated soil from the identified source area. (2) Replacement of less permeable native materials (silty clay, clayey silt, and silty sand) with more permeable materials to facilitate the capture of volatilized contaminants in the vertical borehole. (3) Removal of contaminants volatilized by air sparging (AS) and extracted from the vadose zone by soil vapor extraction (SVE). (4) Volatilization of contaminants from portions of the affected aquifer that can be accessed from the former CCC/USDA property. The primary objective of the proposed removal action is removal of mass quantities of carbon tetrachloride from the vadose zone and treatment of any remaining contaminated soils that are adjacent to the source area, to achieve a carbon tetrachloride concentration below 200 {micro}g/kg. This objective will be the basis for evaluating system performance. The scope of action outlined in the IMWP/D is limited to the five treatment zones defined by the LDB/SVE/AS locations. Surrounding soils and groundwater will benefit; however, remedial benefits to groundwater will be limited to the area of influence associated with the five treatment zones. While treatment should be aggressive in the vicinity of the LDB locations, the heterogeneity, clay content, and low permeability of the soils will place inherent limits on the area of influence.

LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

2008-11-18

178

Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process  

E-print Network

Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process Questions and Answers 1 Rationale 1. If the changes to the Open Suite of Programs and peer review process are successful, what will CIHR have achieved? Our goal in designing the new Open Suite of Programs and peer review

Charette, André

179

Bringing Discourse Ethics to Value Sensitive Design: Pathways Toward a Deliberative Future  

E-print Network

include: understanding the meaning and components of specific values such as fairness, privacy, trust1 Bringing Discourse Ethics to Value Sensitive Design: Pathways Toward a Deliberative Future Fahri Yetim, University of Siegen Abstract Value Sensitive Design (VSD) is a comprehensive framework

180

Virtual collaborative design environments: a review, issues, some research, and the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovative private and public sector organizations are now using virtual collaborative design environments (VCDEs) to develop new products and weapon systems as part of their technology management initiatives. This paper reviews several commercially available virtual technologies, operational and research issues, empirical testing results comparing a CAVE automatic virtual environment (CAVE) to a traditional concept design review, and identifies future needs

Grace M. Bochenek; James M. Ragusa

2001-01-01

181

Designing future underwater vehicles: principles and mechanisms of the weakly electric fish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future underwater vehicles will be increasingly called upon to work in cluttered environments and to interact with their surroundings. These vehicles will need sensors that work efficiently at short range and be highly maneuverable at low speed. To obtain insights into principles and mechanisms of low-speed operation in cluttered environments, we examine a fish that excels in this regime, the

Malcolm A. MacIver; Ebraheem Fontaine; Joel W. Burdick

2004-01-01

182

A Future State for NASA Laboratories - Working in the 21st Century  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The name "21 st Century Laboratory" is an emerging concept of how NASA (and the world) will conduct research in the very near future. Our approach is to carefully plan for significant technological changes in products, organization, and society. The NASA mission can be the beneficiary of these changes, provided the Agency prepares for the role of 21st Century laboratories in research and technology development and its deployment in this new age. It has been clear for some time now that the technology revolutions, technology "mega-trends" that we are in the midst of now, all have a common element centered around advanced computational modeling of small scale physics. Whether it is nano technology, bio technology or advanced computational technology, all of these megatrends are converging on science at the very small scale where it is profoundly important to consider the quantum effects at play with physics at that scale. Whether it is the bio-technology creation of "nanites" designed to mimic our immune system or the creation of nanoscale infotechnology devices, allowing an order of magnitude increase in computational capability, all involve quantum physics that serves as the heart of these revolutionary changes.

Kegelman, Jerome T.; Harris, Charles E.; Antcliff, Richard R.; Bushnell, Dennis M.; Dwoyer, Douglas L.

2009-01-01

183

Optimal Trajectory Correction Maneuver Design Using the B-Plane Targeting Method for Future Korean Mars Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optimal Trajectory Correction Maneuver (TCM) design algorithm has been developed using the B-plane targeting method for future Korean Mars missions. For every mission phase, trajectory informations can also be obtained using this developed algorithms which are essential to design optimal TCM strategy. The information were computed under minimum requiring perturbations to design Mars missions. Spacecraft can not be reached at designed aim point because of unexpected trajectory errors, caused by many perturbations and errors due to operating impulsive maneuvers during the cruising phase of missions. To maintain spacecraft's appropriate trajectory and deliver it to the designed aim point, B-plane targeting techniques are needed. A software NPSOL is used to solve this optimization problem, with the performance index of minimizing total amount of TCM's magnitude. And also executing time of maneuvers can be controlled for the user defined maneuver number (1˜5) of TCMs. The constraints, the Mars arrival B-plane boundary conditions, are formulated for the problem. Results of this work show the ability to design and analyze overall Mars missions, from the Earth launch phase to Mars arrival phase including capture orbit status for future Korean Mars missions.

Song, Young-Joo; Park, Eun-Seo; Yoo, Sung-Moon; Park, Sang-Young; Choi, Kyu-Hong; Yoon, Jae-Cheol; Yim, Jo Ryeong; Choi, Joon-Min; Kim, Byung-Kyo

2005-12-01

184

Development of the EUREF Velocity Model - Status and Roadmap for Future Work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Interplate and intraplate deformations are present all over Europe. They can be subdivided by their spatial or temporal nature as well as their magnitude. For example, different, partly overlapping processes are related to several geodynamic zones such as plate boundaries, micro-plates, volcanoes, (formerly) glaciated areas, hydrological basins etc. On the other side, there are long-term processes such as the Fennoscandian post-glacial rebound, episodic events such as earthquakes and many temporarily intermediate deformations from e.g. volcanic swelling or anthropogenic influences due to oil or gas extraction or CO2 sequestration. The corresponding deformations of different scales are measured as three-dimensional crustal velocities by Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) reference stations with meanwhile sufficient detail and accuracy. The IAG Reference Frame Sub-Commission for Europe (EUREF) working group on "Deformation models" aims at obtaining velocity models for Europe and adjacent areas and significantly improving the prediction of the time evolution of coordinates, thus overcoming the limitations in the use of the European Terrestrial Reference System 1989 (ETRS89). A general understanding of the physics behind such a velocity field is also a major goal. In particular, the working group will model and correct for interplate and intraplate deformations, while using the reference frame, and thus extend the useful lifetime of a realisation of the ETRS89. Hence, the purpose of this working group are twofold; first, pure scientific interests in improved knowledge of the surface deformations of Eurasia and adjacent areas, and second, providing a valuable tool in the management and use of the national realisations of the ETRS89. The work will strongly benefit from sophisticated infrastructures such as the European Plate Observing System (EPOS). Key information for improved knowledge of crustal deformations is observed motions at stations. This includes station velocities, and possible station position shifts for the case of episodic events, where the European Permanent Network (EPN) is considered as the core infrastructure. However, a denser network of GNSS stations than EPN will be needed to sample the crustal deformations sufficiently well. The availability of velocity solutions including additional stations compared to the EPN stations provided by other initiatives and projects is therefore of high interest for this initiative. The key input for the working group is the EPN densification where the dense national permanent GNSS networks are integrated with the EPN on the weekly SINEX level. There are three major activities for the development of this solution: An evaluation of station velocities, Development of a crustal deformation model for Europe, and Consideration of such a deformation model in maintenance and use of national realisations of ETRS89. The presentation will give an overview of the current status in the evaluation of station velocities based on initiatives and projects in the last two decades as well as an outlook to future work including details to the model development.

Lidberg, Martin; Steffen, Holger; Altamimi, Zuheir; Bruyninx, Carine; Caporali, Alessandro; Dousa, Jan; Habrich, Heinz; Kenyeres, Ambrus; da Silva Fernandes, Rui Manuel; Stangl, Günter

2013-04-01

185

Public transportation is not going to work : non-work travel markets for the future of mass transit  

E-print Network

For public transportation agencies to attract new riders in an automobile-dominated environment, niche markets must be targeted. The downtown journey to work is already recognized as a successful niche for transit. This ...

Cohen, Alexander Nobler, 1979-

2004-01-01

186

Working with Design: A Package for Sheet Metal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes a design approach used to study sheet metal layout in junior high and high school mechanical drafting courses. Students observe packaging in stores, study package construction, and design and produce their own packages. (EA)

Fiebich, Paul D.

1974-01-01

187

Dismantling the Built Drawing: Working with Mood in Architectural Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the late Middle Ages onward an emphasis on the rational and the technical aspects of design and design drawing gained hold of architectural practice. In this transformation, the phenomenon of mood has been frequently overlooked or seen as something to be added on to a design; yet the fundamental grounding of mood, as described in Martin…

Teal, Randall

2010-01-01

188

Concurrent Engineering Working Group White Paper Distributed Collaborative Design: The Next Step in Aerospace Concurrent Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As aerospace missions grow larger and more technically complex in the face of ever tighter budgets, it will become increasingly important to use concurrent engineering methods in the development of early conceptual designs because of their ability to facilitate rapid assessments and trades of performance, cost and schedule. To successfully accomplish these complex missions with limited funding, it is essential to effectively leverage the strengths of individuals and teams across government, industry, academia, and international agencies by increased cooperation between organizations. As a result, the existing concurrent engineering teams will need to increasingly engage in distributed collaborative concurrent design. The purpose of this white paper is to identify a near-term vision for the future of distributed collaborative concurrent engineering design for aerospace missions as well as discuss the challenges to achieving that vision. The white paper also documents the advantages of creating a working group to investigate how to engage the expertise of different teams in joint design sessions while enabling organizations to maintain their organizations competitive advantage.

Hihn, Jairus; Chattopadhyay, Debarati; Karpati, Gabriel; McGuire, Melissa; Panek, John; Warfield, Keith; Borden, Chester

2011-01-01

189

Futurity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Futurity website features "the latest discoveries by scientists at top research universities in the US, UK, Canada and Australia." Currently, some of the participating universities include Boston University, Duke University, McGill University, and the University of Sheffield. Visitors to the homepage will note that there are four areas on the site: Earth & Environment, Health & Medicine, Science & Technology, and Society & Culture. Recently profiled news items include a compelling new discovery from New York University about the reality of a tractor beam that can pull microscopic particles. The Society & Culture section is a real find, as it contains engaging pieces like "Is zero tolerance too hard on students?" and "Big banks loom over finance 'ecosystem'." Also, visitors can browse news items by school or by topic area. Finally, the Week's Most Discussed area is a great way to learn about compelling new stories from around the globe.

190

The Design of Future Airbreathing Engine Systems within an Intelligent Synthesis Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a new Initiative proposed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The purpose of this initiative is to develop a future design environment for engineering and science mission synthesis for use by NASA scientists and engineers. This new initiative is called the Intelligent Synthesis Environment (ISE). The paper describes the mission of NASA, future aerospace system characteristics, the current engineering design process, the ISE concept, and concludes with a description of possible ISE applications for the decision of air-breathing propulsion systems.

Malone, J. B.; Housner, J. M.; Lytle, J. K.

1999-01-01

191

Considerations for design of future research and development interactive image analysis systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future interactive image analysis systems must provide for the increased processing requirements imposed by a thermal channel to LANDSAT-3 and the increased number of spectral channels with significantly higher spatial resolution provided by the LANDSAT-D thematic mapper. Other design considerations must include the rapidly changing technology in memories and special purpose processors, as well as the analyst-machine interface and the human factors involved. The centralized and distributed system approaches are examined in relation to the optimum design configuration of future systems.

Wilkinson, T. B. (principal investigator)

1979-01-01

192

Prospective work design of a human-centred CNC lathe  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the operation of many automated systems, the control functions are performed concurrently by human operator and computer. This paper discusses the importance of man-machine interface design for overall system efficiency and described how interface software enables operator and machine to help each other to achieve an effect of which each is separately incapable. Guidelines for the design of a

J. M. Corbett

1985-01-01

193

Working with Children with Severe Motor Impairments as Design Partners  

E-print Network

of technology to help those children express themselves. The project is still new, and the endeavor extremely in the design of new technology. Keywords Accessibility, children, design, disabilities, technology. ACM and their collaborators. Figure 2 shows the author meeting with two such children and an assistive technology specialist

Hornof, Anthony

194

Participation in the design of product-oriented work groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teamwork allows the joint realisation of two aims: first, the improvement of work conditions for staff working in production and, second, an increase in the productivity of the enterprise concerned. The kind of procedure used to set up team structures is an important element in the success of organisational change. The introduction of group structures requires a holistic strategy which

R. Schumann; H. Luczak

1996-01-01

195

Designing and Assessing Productive Group Work in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A history teacher examines what is successful and not successful in group work in his high school classroom and gives concrete suggestions for improving group practice. Topics discussed include preparing students for group work, supporting collaboration, inviting critical analysis, and assessing both group and individual performance. (Contains 2…

Vaca, Javier; Lapp, Diane; Fisher, Douglas

2011-01-01

196

Workflow Agents vs. Expert Systems: Problem Solving Methods in Work Systems Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the 1980s, a community of artificial intelligence researchers became interested in formalizing problem solving methods as part of an effort called "second generation expert systems" (2nd GES). How do the motivations and results of this research relate to building tools for the workplace today? We provide an historical review of how the theory of expertise has developed, a progress report on a tool for designing and implementing model-based automation (Brahms), and a concrete example how we apply 2nd GES concepts today in an agent-based system for space flight operations (OCAMS). Brahms incorporates an ontology for modeling work practices, what people are doing in the course of a day, characterized as "activities." OCAMS was developed using a simulation-to-implementation methodology, in which a prototype tool was embedded in a simulation of future work practices. OCAMS uses model-based methods to interactively plan its actions and keep track of the work to be done. The problem solving methods of practice are interactive, employing reasoning for and through action in the real world. Analogously, it is as if a medical expert system were charged not just with interpreting culture results, but actually interacting with a patient. Our perspective shifts from building a "problem solving" (expert) system to building an actor in the world. The reusable components in work system designs include entire "problem solvers" (e.g., a planning subsystem), interoperability frameworks, and workflow agents that use and revise models dynamically in a network of people and tools. Consequently, the research focus shifts so "problem solving methods" include ways of knowing that models do not fit the world, and ways of interacting with other agents and people to gain or verify information and (ultimately) adapt rules and procedures to resolve problematic situations.

Clancey, William J.; Sierhuis, Maarten; Seah, Chin

2009-01-01

197

Working in the Future. The Thinkahead Project Forum #3 (San Francisco, California, September 21, 1989). FIERI Forum Transcripts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains an edited transcript of a forum held as part of a research project called Thinkahead, which was designed to serve as a catalyst for developing educational models that will prepare people to think more critically and creatively in the world of the future. The forum participants, all business people concerned about the ways in…

Whitman Inst., San Francisco, CA.

198

Assessing the Effects of a Work-Based Antipoverty Program for Parents on Youth's Future Orientation and Employment Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impacts of New Hope, a 3-year work-based antipoverty program to increase parent employment and reduce poverty, on youth ages 9-19 (N = 866) were assessed 5 years after parents left the program. New Hope had positive effects on the future orientation and employment experiences of boys, especially African American boys. Compared to boys in…

McLoyd, Vonnie C.; Kaplan, Rachel; Purtell, Kelly M.; Huston, Aletha C.

2011-01-01

199

Looking Back to Imagine the Future: Connecting with the Radical Past in Technologies of School Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why look back to imagine the future? Given the almost universal consensus that higher level technology-enhanced learning should lead in the design of school buildings, what place is there for low-level (non-digital) technologies in education? What can we learn from revisiting schools that were at one time seen to be internationally pioneering in…

Burke, Catherine

2014-01-01

200

Platform Based Designs for Future MPSoC Architectures This paper describes our communication centric platform  

E-print Network

communication centric platform based designs for future multi-processor system-on-chip (MPSoC) architectures & processor based) integrated in plug and play fashion. This eliminates the need of dedicated system and emulation. Some Industrial examples of full application platform include Philip's Nexperia [05] and ARM

Arslan, Tughrul

201

How to improve the design of the electrical system in future wind power plants  

E-print Network

How to improve the design of the electrical system in future wind power plants I. Arana, L Overvoltages and Protection in Offshore Wind Power Grids focus on the transient and temporary overvoltages of this project are DTU, DONG Energy and Siemens Wind Power. The Ph.D. project Harmonics in Large Offshore Wind

Bak, Claus Leth

202

A Political Cultural Map to Future Wilderness, Monument and Park Designation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines western American political (sub)culture as it pertains to past and future wilderness, monument and park designation. It thus provides a sort of rough map, or cultural compass, in determining the most likely political obstacles (other than political institutions) and detours in the creation of new nonmultiple use areas. It explores landmarks such as Western environmental public opinion,

M. A. Nie

2000-01-01

203

Using LogicWorks to Teach Logic Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a computer simulation to teach logic design using a Macintosh computer which allows circuits to be built piece by piece. Describes features of the simulation and presents several schematics drawn by the software. (MVL)

Spoerri, Peter

1988-01-01

204

Designing Effective Science Instruction: What Works in Science Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science teachers, like all teachers, start each school year with high hopes and expectations for students to succeed. They plan their lessons, scramble to get the necessary equipment, and work hard to engage their students. However, despite good intention

Anne Tweed

2009-11-01

205

Statement of work for definitive design of the K basins integrated water treatment system project  

SciTech Connect

This Statement of Work (SOW) identifies the scope of work and schedule requirements for completing definitive design of the K Basins Integrated Water Treatment Systems (IWTS) Subproject. This SOW shall form the contractual basis between WHC and the Design Agent for the Definitive Design.

Pauly, T.R., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-16

206

Getting others to get it right: an ethnography of design work in the fashion industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports an ethnographic study of design work in the fashion industry. Contrary tomany images of fashion design, in this setting, it is essentially tied to organizational and inter-organizational coordination, and the demands of manufacture and supply chain management. Relatively little design work involves artistic drawing, much requires retrieval from databases, data analysis, information gathering and matters which members

James Pycock; John Bowers

1996-01-01

207

Bridging Work Practice and System Design: Integrating Systemic Analysis, Appreciative Intervention and Practitioner Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the integration of work practice and system design. By scrutinising the unfolding discourse of workshop participants the co-construction of work practice issues as relevant design considerations is described. Through a mutual exploration of ethnography and participatory design the contributing constituents to the co-construction process are identified and put forward as elements in the integration of `systemic analysis'

Helena Karasti

2001-01-01

208

New Designs for the Comprehensive High School. Volume II--Working Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains two appendixes to volume 1 of a study on new designs for the comprehensive high school The appendixes consist respectively of the meeting agendas and the working papers of the Design Group for the project. The 12 working papers each focus on one aspect of the proposed new design. Titles and authors are as follows: "Learner…

Copa, George H.; Pease, Virginia H.

209

Co-constructing shared understandings of work practice for system design The interplay of views  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the collaborative activities of radiology practitioners, designers and fieldworker\\/researchers in a work practice oriented multiparty design intervention organised in connection to an experimental teleradiology project. Through an example of image comparison in radiologists' image interpretation the participants can be seen to co-construct shared understandings of radiology work practices and teleradiology design issues. The focus is especially on

Helena Karasti

210

7?Redesigning Work Design Theories: The Rise of Relational and Proactive Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scholars assume that the fundamental questions about work design have been answered. However, a global shift from manufacturing economies to service and knowledge economies has dramatically altered the nature of work in organizations. To keep pace with these important and rapid changes, work design theory and research is undergoing a transformation. We trace the highlights of two emerging viewpoints

Adam M. Grant; Sharon K. Parker

2009-01-01

211

Design Principles of Worked Examples: A Review of the Empirical Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers investigated the efficacy of using worked examples in classroom instruction and provided evidence in the effectiveness of worked example instruction in mathematics, computer programming, physics, and etc. However, there are limited studies in worked example design. The purpose of this study is to generate the instructional design

Shen, Chun-Yi; Tsai, Hui-Chun

2009-01-01

212

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

213

Involving Assessment Buddies in the Assessment of Design Project Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of a specially developed assessment and feedback system implemented within a second year industrial design module at Coventry University, UK. The "Assessment Buddy" system was developed in response to the need for a successful assessment and feedback method that could cope with the complexities of a creative…

Osmond, Jane; Clough, Brian

2012-01-01

214

ERGONOMICS CONSIDERATIONS IN SEWING MACHINE WORK STATION DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sewing machine workstation demands an ergonomic design because of the discomfort level associated with it. The kind of discomfort can be musculoskeletal loads as a result of sustained postures and repetitive movements. The adjustment of the sewing machine workstation involves no of combination of variable parameters, which can be optimized to get the best possible results from the workers.

Balraj Singh Brar; Chandandeep Singh Grewal; Kuldeep Kumar Sareen

215

Program Evaluation and Research Designs. NBER Working Paper No. 16016  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides a selective review of some contemporary approaches to program evaluation. One motivation for our review is the recent emergence and increasing use of a particular kind of "program" in applied microeconomic research, the so-called Regression Discontinuity (RD) Design of Thistlethwaite and Campbell (1960). We organize our…

DiNardo, John; Lee, David S.

2010-01-01

216

Work in progress - Introducing information technology through game design  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is general agreement that the need for computing professionals in the near term will continue to increase, while enrollment in computer science degree programs is decreasing. Many middle school and high school students want to know how to construct their own computer games. The enabling technologies that support game design include many fundamental areas of information technology. The authors

Bruce R. Maxim; William I. Grosky; John P. Baugh

2007-01-01

217

Design-Based Practice: A New Perspective for Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence-based practice (EBP) has emerged as an alternative to traditional social work practice and has ignited a new round in the decades-old debate about the relationship between knowledge and practice in the field. This article identifies several limitations inherent in the EBP perspective and argues that it would be unfortunate if EBP were to…

Cohen, Burton J.

2011-01-01

218

Spectrum and orbit conservation as a factor in future mobile satellite system design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Access to the radio spectrum and geostationary orbit is essential to current and future mobile satellite systems. This access is difficult to obtain for current systems, and may be even more so for larger future systems. In this environment, satellite systems that minimize the amount of spectrum orbit resource required to meet a specific traffic requirement are essential. Several spectrum conservation techniques are discussed, some of which are complementary to designing the system at minimum cost. All may need to be implemented to the limits of technological feasibility if network growth is not to be constrained because of the lack of available spectrum-orbit resource.

Bowen, Robert R.

1990-01-01

219

An Assessment of Future Employment Opportunities for Individuals Trained in the Automotive Trades. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Youth Authority (CYA) planned to offer a training program covering all aspects of the automotive trades to wards during their incarceration. Through analysis, it showed future job opportunities exist, due to increased job numbers and high turnover rate, for persons trained in the automotive trades in California over a 10-year period…

California State Dept. of Employment Development, Sacramento.

220

SET for the Future: Working towards Inclusive Science, Engineering and Technology Curricula in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"SET (Science, Engineering, and Technology) for the Future," a research/action project at Scotland's Heriot-Watt University, surveyed SET students' education experience, compared information with previous research, and used results to modify two SET modules to increase the participation of women students and improve their experiences. Discusses…

Cronin, Catherine; Foster, Maureen; Lister, Elizabeth

1999-01-01

221

Critical Literacy, the Future of English and the Work of Mourning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I use the occasion of farewelling my Year 12 students at the end of their schooling, some intertextual references to "Hamlet", and some conceptual frames of Derrida, to reflect dialogically on the role of critical literacy in Australian English curricula in the past, the present and into the future. (Contains 11 notes.)

Howie, Mark

2008-01-01

222

IEA Wind Task 26: The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy, Work Package 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 30 years, wind power has become a mainstream source of electricity generation around the world. However, the future of wind power will depend a great deal on the ability of the industry to continue to achieve cost of energy reductions. In this summary report, developed as part of the International Energy Agency Wind Implementing Agreement Task 26,

E. Lantz; R. Wiser; M. Hand

2012-01-01

223

MAKING EXPLICIT OUR THEORIES OF TEACHING AND LEARNING: DESIGNS THAT MOTIVATE OUR WORK AS INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGNERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the explicit design principles used to create an authentic learning module for a medical problem-based learning curriculum. It examines the 'design' process utilised by an instructional designer in the conceptualisation of a project. Secondly the paper focuses on epistemological beliefs of instructional designers and the need for designers to articulate their learning design for evaluation and research

Mike Keppell

224

Present investigations of radioactive raw materials by the Geological Survey and a recommended program for future work  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Geological Survey's program of investigation of radioactive raw materials is presented herewith under present investigations, plans for future investigations, plan of operation, and cost of operation. This report was prepared at the request of the Atomic Energy Commission. Present investigations are summarized to show the scope of the present Trace Elements program, grouping individual projects into related types of investigations. Plans for future investigations on an expanded scale are outlined. These should provide sufficient data and knowledge of the occurrence and availability of uranium, thorium, and related elements, to permit a more complete evaluation of domestic resources. Reconnaissance projects are designed to discover possible new sources of uranium and thorium and to select areas and materials warranting further investigation. Typical projects leading to the estimation of reserves are the investigation of the carnotite ores of the Colorado Plateau by geologic mapping, exploratory drilling, and related research, and investigation of asphaltic sandstone in Emery County, Utah. Extensive research will be undertaken to establish the principles governing the geological and geochemical relations of uranium, thorium, and associated elements as an essential guide in appraising domestic resources. Particular emphasis will be placed on phosphatic rocks and black shales which offer ultimate resources of uranium far greater than carnotite ores. All the foregoing investigations will be accompanied by chemical, gephysical, and mineralogical research and analytical work. Under plan of operation is discussed the organization of the Trace Elements Unit, space requirements for laboratory and office, the scheduling of investigations, and other related problems. The proposed scheduling of work calls for approximately 109, 173, and 203 man years in fiscal years 1948, 1949, and 1950 respectively. Definite plans have been formulated only for the next three fiscal years, by which time it is assumed the program will reach stable proportions or can be altered as experience dictates. Under cost of operation is set forth the funds available in fiscal year 1947, the status of funds transferred from Atomic Services (14-217/80920), and funds necessary in succeeding fiscal years. The estimate for fiscal year 1948 inclues a non-recurring item of $1,025,000 for establishing adequate laboratories for chemical, physical, spectrographic and mineralogic research and analytical work. The total funds required in fiscal years 1948, 1949, and 1950 to support the proposed program will be $2,440,000, $2,161,000 and $2,198,000 respectively. The Geological survey anticipates contributing from its appropriation in fiscal years 1948, 1949 and 1950 approximately $243,000, $350,000, and $400,000 respectively; the balance of the necessary funds to be contributed by the Atomic Energy Commission in fiscal years 1948, 1949, and 1950 will be approximately $2,196,900, $1,811,000, and $1,798,000 respectively.

Butler, A.P., Jr.; Stead, F.W.

1947-01-01

225

Designing sustainable work systems: the need for a systems approach.  

PubMed

There is a growing discussion concerning sustainability. While this discussion was at first mainly focused on a society level--and sometimes regarding especially environmental problems, one can now see that this topic is of increasing relevance for companies worldwide and even the social dimension of this three pillar approach is gaining more and more importance. This leads to some questions: Is sustainability already a part of human factors thinking or do we have to further develop our discipline? How can we define sustainable work systems? What are the topics we have to consider? Do we need a new systems ergonomics perspective regarding whole value creation chains and a life-cycle perspective concerning products (and work systems)? How can we deal with potential contradictions about social, ecological, and economic goals? PMID:23608710

Zink, Klaus J

2014-01-01

226

Building Blocks for a Future School-to-Work System: Early National Implementation Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national evaluation of school-to-work (STW) implementation was conducted by collecting data on four broad issues: states' efforts to promote the changes envisioned by the School to Work Opportunities Act (STWOA); impacts of local STW partnerships on school and workplace opportunities available to students and creation of coherent STW systems;…

Silverberg, Marsha; Haimson, Joshua; Hershey, Alan M.

227

Reputations, Rankings, and Realities of Social Work Schools: Challenges for Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the publications in refereed professional journals that ranked American schools of social work for a 13-year period. The trends are contrasted with those reported in the most widely disseminated rankings of social work schools, namely, "U.S. News and World Report." Substantial differences emerge when findings from the 2 data…

Feldman, Ronald A.

2006-01-01

228

Work in America Institute's Recommendations Grapple with the Future of the Older Worker.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work in America Institute, a nonprofit organization, contends that many changes are necessary to extend the working life of older workers. Forty-five recommendations are made for employers and government to ready the American workplace for an aging workforce. (Author/MLF)

Rosow, Jerome M.; Zagar, Robert

1981-01-01

229

Working Memory Involved in Predicting Future Outcomes Based on Past Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). "Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions." "Neuropsychology," 18, 152-162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair…

Dretsch, Michael N.; Tipples, Jason

2008-01-01

230

Preparing School Social Work for the Future: An Update of School Social Workers' Tasks in Iowa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors begin this article by highlighting clinical social casework as a historic trend in school social work practice. They then identify two major shifts in current education policy related to school social work practice. One shift is an emphasis on a multilevel intervention approach, and the other is the differentiation between academic and…

Peckover, Christopher A.; Vasquez, Matthew L.; Van Housen, Stephanie L.; Saunders, Jeanne A.; Allen, Larry

2013-01-01

231

IEA Wind Task 26: The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy, Work Package 2  

SciTech Connect

Over the past 30 years, wind power has become a mainstream source of electricity generation around the world. However, the future of wind power will depend a great deal on the ability of the industry to continue to achieve cost of energy reductions. In this summary report, developed as part of the International Energy Agency Wind Implementing Agreement Task 26, titled 'The Cost of Wind Energy,' we provide a review of historical costs, evaluate near-term market trends, review the methods used to estimate long-term cost trajectories, and summarize the range of costs projected for onshore wind energy across an array of forward-looking studies and scenarios. We also highlight the influence of high-level market variables on both past and future wind energy costs.

Lantz, E.; Wiser, R.; Hand, M.

2012-05-01

232

The future of fixed target physics: Snowmass E5 working group summary  

SciTech Connect

Fixed target experimentation remains a vigorous and important tool. In many cases it provides the best technique to study elementary physics. Here the authors explore several areas, where, in the near future, fixed target experiments have the potential to alter the understanding of physics. These include, but are clearly not limited to, high precision tests of CP violation in the Kaon sector, ultra-precise determination of the weak mixing angle and its evolution, and lepton flavor violation.

Krishna Kumar et al.

2002-12-10

233

European COPD Audit: design, organisation of work and methodology.  

PubMed

Clinical audit has an important role as an indicator of the clinical practice in a given community. The European Respiratory Society (ERS) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) audit was designed as a pilot study to evaluate clinical practice variability as well as clinical and organisational factors related to outcomes for COPD hospital admissions across Europe. The study was designed as a prospective observational noninterventional cohort trial, in which 422 hospitals from 13 European countries participated. There were two databases: one for hospital's resources and organisation and one for clinical information. The study was comprised of an initial 8-week phase during which all consecutive cases admitted to hospital due to an exacerbation of COPD were identified and information on clinical practice was gathered. During the 90-day second phase, mortality and readmissions were recorded. Patient data were anonymised and encrypted through a multi-lingual web-tool. As there is no pan-European Ethics Committee for audits, all partners accepted the general ethical rules of the ERS and ensured compliance with their own national ethical requirements. This paper describes the methodological issues encountered in organising and delivering a multi-national European audit, highlighting goals, barriers and achievements, and provides valuable information for those interested in developing clinical audits. PMID:22599361

López-Campos, Jose Luis; Hartl, Sylvia; Pozo-Rodriguez, Francisco; Roberts, C Michael

2013-02-01

234

A Systematic Review on the Designs of Clinical Technology: Findings and Recommendations for Future Research  

PubMed Central

Human factors (HF) studies are increasingly important as technology infuses into clinical settings. No nursing research reviews exist in this area. The authors conducted a systematic review on designs of clinical technology, 34 articles with 50 studies met inclusion criteria. Findings were classified into three categories based on HF research goals. The majority of studies evaluated effectiveness of clinical design; efficiency was fewest. Current research ranges across many interface types examined with no apparent pattern or obvious rationale. Future research should expand types, settings, participants; integrate displays; and expand outcome variables. PMID:19707093

PhD, Greg Alexander; Staggers, Nancy

2010-01-01

235

The U.S.-German Bilateral Working Group (BGW): Collaborative Research For A Sustainable Future  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1990, the United States and Germany have worked bilaterally to identify, understand, and apply innovative technologies and policies for remediation and sustainable revitalization of contaminated sites in each country. Over a period of 15 years (= three Phases) remarkable b...

236

The user's view for the future of LAMPF, 1989: Reports from the pion physics working group  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a collection of papers on pion-nucleus interactions that were written as part of the long-range planning process of LAMPF that took place in spring, 1989. These papers served as the basis of the pion portion of a report to the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) for its Long Range Plan. They were read and discussed in some detail by the pion physics community and represent the views of the present and the future of pion physics by the authors and to a great extent by the pion physics community as a whole.

Burleson, G.R.; Ernst, D.J.

1990-01-01

237

Designing Computerized Decision Support That Works for Clinicians and Families  

PubMed Central

Evidence-based decision-making is central to the practice of pediatrics. Clinical trials and other biomedical research provide a foundation for this process, and practice guidelines, drawing from their results, inform the optimal management of an increasing number of childhood health problems. However, many clinicians fail to adhere to guidelines. Clinical decision support delivered using health information technology, often in the form of electronic health records, provides a tool to deliver evidence-based information to the point of care and has the potential to overcome barriers to evidence-based practice. An increasing literature now informs how these systems should be designed and implemented to most effectively improve outcomes in pediatrics. Through the examples of computerized physician order entry, as well as the impact of alerts at the point of care on immunization rates, the delivery of evidence-based asthma care, and the follow-up of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the following review addresses strategies for success in using these tools. The following review argues that, as decision support evolves, the clinician should no longer be the sole target of information and alerts. Through the Internet and other technologies, families are increasingly seeking health information and gathering input to guide health decisions. By enlisting clinical decision support systems to deliver evidence-based information to both clinicians and families, help families express their preferences and goals, and connect families to the medical home, clinical decision support may ultimately be most effective in improving outcomes. PMID:21315295

Fiks, Alexander G.

2011-01-01

238

Work Design Theory: A Review and Critique with Implications for Human Resource Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six theoretical perspectives on work design are examined for their contributions to our understanding of how work is organized and designed in organizations: sociotechnical systems theory, process improvement, adaptive structuration theory, the job characteristics model, technostructural change models, and activity theory. A critique of these…

Torraco, Richard J.

2005-01-01

239

Risk-informed assessment of regulatory and design requirements for future nuclear power plants. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 Risk-informed assessment of regulatory and design requirements for future nuclear power plants. Annual report. The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-formed approach for the design and regulation of nuclear power plants. This approach will include the development and/or confirmation of corresponding regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major impediment to long term competitiveness of new nuclear plants in the U.S. is the capital cost component--which may need to be reduced on the order of 35% to 40% for Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWRS) such as System 80+ and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR). The required cost reduction for an ALWR such as AP600 or AP1000 would be expected to be less. Such reductions in capital cost will require a fundamental reevaluation of the industry standards and regulatory bases under which nuclear plants are designed and licensed. Fortunately, there is now an increasing awareness that many of the existing regulatory requirements and industry standards are not significantly contributing to safety and reliability and, therefore, are unnecessarily adding to nuclear plant costs. Not only does this degrade the economic competitiveness of nuclear energy, it results in unnecessary costs to the American electricity consumer. While addressing these concerns, this research project will be coordinated with current efforts of industry and NRC to develop risk-informed, performance-based regulations that affect the operation of the existing nuclear plants; however, this project will go further by focusing on the design of new plants.

NONE

2000-08-01

240

Current and future heat stress in Nicaraguan work places under a changing climate.  

PubMed

While climate change continues to increase ambient temperatures, the resulting heat stress exposure to workers in non-climate controlled settings is not well characterized, particularly in low and middle income countries. This preliminary report describes current heat stress in Nicaraguan work places and estimates occupational heat stress in 2050. From over 400 measurements of heat exposure using wet bulb globe temperature, more than 10% of all measurements exceeded the safety threshold for the combination of light work and rest at the ratio of 25:75. By 2050, that percentage of "over-heated" days is projected to increase to over 15%. These findings support the idea that common working conditions in Nicaragua already represent a threat to the health and safety of the workers and that climate change driven trends could mean either a necessary curbing of economic productivity or an increased threat to worker health and safety. PMID:23411762

Sheffield, Perry E; Herrera, Juan Gabriel Ruiz; Lemke, Bruno; Kjellstrom, Tord; Romero, Luis E Blanco

2013-01-01

241

Working Notes from the 1992 AAAI Workshop on Automating Software Design. Theme: Domain Specific Software Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this workshop is to identify different architectural approaches to building domain-specific software design systems and to explore issues unique to domain-specific (vs. general-purpose) software design. Some general issues that cut across the particular software design domain include: (1) knowledge representation, acquisition, and maintenance; (2) specialized software design techniques; and (3) user interaction and user interface.

Keller, Richard M. (editor); Barstow, David; Lowry, Michael R.; Tong, Christopher H.

1992-01-01

242

A Review of the Empirical Generations at Work Research: Implications for School Leaders and Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most schools currently employ three generations of teachers and leaders: Baby Boomers (1946-65), Generation X (1966-80) and Generation Y (1981-2003). However, the implications for school leaders of multi-generational schools remain relatively unexplored. This paper examines the empirical multi-disciplinary generations at work evidence to identify…

Edge, Karen

2014-01-01

243

Crafting a Future in Science: Tracing Middle School Girls' Identity Work over Time and Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The underrepresentation of girls from nondominant backgrounds in the sciences and engineering continues despite recent gains in achievement. This longitudinal ethnographic study traces the identity work that girls from nondominant backgrounds do as they engage in science-related activities across school, club, and home during the middle school…

Barton, Angela Calabrese; Kang, Hosun; Tan, Edna; O'Neill, Tara B.; Bautista-Guerra, Juanita; Brecklin, Caitlin

2013-01-01

244

Avoiding Communication in Two-Sided Krylov Subspace Methods Future Work  

E-print Network

Results Previous Work Motivation Nick Knight and Erin Carson New Matrix Powers Kernels Berkeley Parlab is replaced with a call to the Matrix Powers Kernel, which performs s SpMVs while reading the matrix only once Microsystems. Communication-Avoiding Kernels Matrix Powers Kernel (one matrix, one input vector) Tall

California at Berkeley, University of

245

Response: Uses of History in Creating New Futures--A Science-Informed Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work is a profession that draws (or should draw) on available knowledge in the disciplines as well as other sources including other professions in the pursuit of "the betterment of life conditions of individuals, groups, and communities." An historical perspective illustrates opportunities taken and lost to harvest knowledge in pursuit of…

Gambrill, Eileen

2012-01-01

246

The Role of Work Experience in the Future Employability of Higher Education Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many new graduates are finding it difficult to obtain graduate-level work and impossible to break into the sectors they were aiming at. In order to address this, higher education institutions are examining the methods they use to enhance student employability and deploying various measures to grow and strengthen this activity, with an increasing…

Helyer, Ruth; Lee, Dionne

2014-01-01

247

Consumer safety cooperation in the global market – some reflections on future work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer safety continues to be an important consumer policy issue with an increasingly international dimension. It has been an essential part of the activities of various international bodies, especially the OECD Committee on Consumer Policy. In 1972 the Committee set up a Working Party on Consumer Safety to promote a harmonized policy approach in all Member countries. The present article

Nils Ringstedt

1998-01-01

248

Powering the future: how Hamilton Health Sciences put cogeneration to work for healthcare.  

PubMed

The absolute necessity of a stable and uninterrupted power supply within hospitals makes many of these facilities uniquely suited to cogeneration plants. Hamilton Health Sciences recently completed the largest hospital cogeneration project ever undertaken in the country. Spanning three acute care hospitals and generating a combined total of 22.75 megawatts of electricity, Hamilton Health Sciences' cogeneration plants address energy supply issues by offering a clean and reliable power source completely within the hospital's control, and provide the organization with the potential to generate its own revenue into the future by selling excess electricity back to the province. The following article highlights Hamilton Health Sciences' approach to the project, including some important lessons learned, and may serve as an example for other publicly funded institutions interested in implementing similar projects. PMID:17491571

MacLeod, William B; Martin, Murray T

2007-01-01

249

How Web Banner Designers Work: The Role of Internal Dialogues, Self-Evaluations, and  

E-print Network

How Web Banner Designers Work: The Role of Internal Dialogues, Self-Evaluations, and Impiicit with web banner designers, combined with retrospective protocols, reveai implicit theories ofthe of imaginary audiences with whom web banner designers engage in imaginary dialogues. The dialogues reveal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

Making Judgements about Students Making Work: Lecturers’ Assessment Practices in Art and Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study explores the assessment practices in two higher education art and design departments. The key aim of this research was to explore art and design studio assessment practices as lived and experienced by art and design lecturers. This work draws on two bodies of pre-existing research. Firstly this study adopted methodological…

Orr, Susan; Bloxham, Sue

2013-01-01

251

Design, life testing, and future designs of cryogenic hydride refrigeration systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the Jet Propulsion Laboratory a complete hydride refrigerator system has accumulated > 1000 h at 29 K or below (14 K minimum). At ERGENICS, a metal hydride compressor, without an attached cryogenic section, operated successfully for 35 000 cycles (5800 h). Component testing on check valves, hydride particle size, and J?T expansion valves has shown negligible degradation after years of service or accelerated life. With electrical or solar heating, a combined charcoal and hydride refrigerator required power of ? 400 W to produce 1 W of liquid hydrogen cooling or 600 W to produce 1 W of 10 K cooling. Possible long-life additional stages to reach 4 K include adiabatic demagnetization refrigeration, helium desorption, or helium compressors with J?T refrigeration. The efficiency for 10 K refrigeration is considerably better than any other mechanical refrigerator and the design is by far the simplest. Due to the lack of moving parts, its lifetime is projected to be many years, possibly decades, and there is virtually no associated magnetic field or vibration.

Jones, J. A.; Golben, P. M.

252

Lessons Learned and Technical Standards: A Logical Marriage for Future Space Systems Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive database of engineering lessons learned that corresponds with relevant technical standards will be a valuable asset to those engaged in studies on future space vehicle developments, especially for structures, materials, propulsion, control, operations and associated elements. In addition, this will enable the capturing of technology developments applicable to the design, development, and operation of future space vehicles as planned in the Space Launch Initiative. Using the time-honored tradition of passing on lessons learned while utilizing the newest information technology, NASA has launched an intensive effort to link lessons learned acquired through various Internet databases with applicable technical standards. This paper will discuss the importance of lessons learned, the difficulty in finding relevant lessons learned while engaged in a space vehicle development, and the new NASA effort to relate them to technical standards that can help alleviate this difficulty.

Gill, Paul S.; Garcia, Danny; Vaughan, William W.; Parker, Nelson C. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

253

Biomechanical energy harvesting from human motion: theory, state of the art, design guidelines, and future directions  

PubMed Central

Background Biomechanical energy harvesting from human motion presents a promising clean alternative to electrical power supplied by batteries for portable electronic devices and for computerized and motorized prosthetics. We present the theory of energy harvesting from the human body and describe the amount of energy that can be harvested from body heat and from motions of various parts of the body during walking, such as heel strike; ankle, knee, hip, shoulder, and elbow joint motion; and center of mass vertical motion. Methods We evaluated major motions performed during walking and identified the amount of work the body expends and the portion of recoverable energy. During walking, there are phases of the motion at the joints where muscles act as brakes and energy is lost to the surroundings. During those phases of motion, the required braking force or torque can be replaced by an electrical generator, allowing energy to be harvested at the cost of only minimal additional effort. The amount of energy that can be harvested was estimated experimentally and from literature data. Recommendations for future directions are made on the basis of our results in combination with a review of state-of-the-art biomechanical energy harvesting devices and energy conversion methods. Results For a device that uses center of mass motion, the maximum amount of energy that can be harvested is approximately 1 W per kilogram of device weight. For a person weighing 80 kg and walking at approximately 4 km/h, the power generation from the heel strike is approximately 2 W. For a joint-mounted device based on generative braking, the joints generating the most power are the knees (34 W) and the ankles (20 W). Conclusions Our theoretical calculations align well with current device performance data. Our results suggest that the most energy can be harvested from the lower limb joints, but to do so efficiently, an innovative and light-weight mechanical design is needed. We also compared the option of carrying batteries to the metabolic cost of harvesting the energy, and examined the advantages of methods for conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy. PMID:21521509

2011-01-01

254

Interprofessional collaboration in research, education, and clinical practice: working together for a better future  

PubMed Central

Interprofessional collaboration occurs when 2 or more professions work together to achieve common goals and is often used as a means for solving a variety of problems and complex issues. The benefits of collaboration allow participants to achieve together more than they can individually, serve larger groups of people, and grow on individual and organizational levels. This editorial provides an overview of interprofessional collaboration in the areas of clinical practice, education, and research; discusses barriers to collaboration; and suggests potential means to overcome them. PMID:25594446

Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.

2015-01-01

255

On-orbit models of the CALIOP lidar for enabling future mission design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Validated models describing on-orbit performance of Earth sensing instruments provide understanding of the calibration of the instrument and insight that can be used to guide design choices for future missions. The success of the Cloud Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) launched as part of the CALIPSO instrument suite provides an opportunity to develop validated radiometric and integrated models of the instrument. We present validation of these models with on-orbit data and describe how these models can be used to help define instrument requirements for future active sensing missions that hope to capture both atmospheric and oceanographic properties. While designed for atmospheric returns, CALIOP data includes backscatter from land, ice, and ocean surface and from beneath the ocean surface. A radiometric model describing atmospheric returns that has been validated against CALIOP performance is extended to include ocean subsurface returns. The model output is compared with CALIOP, aircraft lidar measurements, and space-based ocean color measurements. This provides an opportunity to explore the value of space-based lidar measurements to ocean measurements and to identify the impact of laser and detector design choices on the returned lidar signal from the ocean as part of an ongoing effort to investigate oceanographic lidars.

Stephens, Michelle; Weimer, Carl; Saiki, Eileen; Lieber, Mike

2010-09-01

256

Race and the Working Class Past in the United States: Multiple Identities and the Future of Labor History.  

E-print Network

-ography to make a case for cautious optimism regarding the future of a labor history which fully incorporates race and gender. The balance of the 1 W E. B. Du Bot*. Block. Reconstruction in America, JâÉoriginally 1935). p 727; cf Davtd..., the Civil War 3 See Berlin's introduction to Herbert! Gutman. Power and Culture £»s*ri on the American Working Class(Hem York. 1907). p ihe interview* with Moogomery and Gutman in MARHO,éd.. Vtsww of History (New Yoit. 1983) and Dm* Roedtger Interne...

Roediger, David

1993-12-01

257

The Construct of Resilience: A Critical Evaluation and Guidelines for Future Work  

PubMed Central

This paper presents a critical appraisal of resilience, a construct connoting the maintenance of positive adaptation by individuals despite experiences of significant adversity. As empirical research on resilience has burgeoned in recent years, criticisms have been levied at work in this area. These critiques have generally focused on ambiguities in definitions and central terminology; heterogeneity in risks experienced and competence achieved by individuals viewed as resilient; instability of the phenomenon of resilience; and concerns regarding the usefulness of resilience as a theoretical construct. We address each identified criticism in turn, proposing solutions for those we view as legitimate and clarifying misunderstandings surrounding those we believe to be less valid. We conclude that work on resilience possesses substantial potential for augmenting the understanding of processes affecting at-risk individuals. Realization of the potential embodied by this construct, however, will remain constrained without continued scientific attention to some of the serious conceptual and methodological pitfalls that have been noted by skeptics and proponents alike. PMID:10953923

Luthar, Suniya S.; Cicchetti, Dante; Becker, Bronwyn

2007-01-01

258

Past and Future Work on Radiobiology Mega-Studies: A Case Study At Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Between 1952 and 1992, more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America, and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the lifespan and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data, ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender-specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly-developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene-specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology megastudies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies, and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research.

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2011-09-06

259

Past and Future Work on Radiobiology Mega Studies: A Case Study at Argonne National Laboratory  

PubMed Central

Between 1952 and 1992 more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the life span and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology mega studies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals, and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research. PMID:22004930

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2013-01-01

260

Market characteristics of future oil tanker operations  

E-print Network

This work analyzes the market characteristics of future oil tanker operations with a particular emphasis on those aspects which will have a potential impact on the design of future vessels. The market analysis model used ...

Willemann, Simmy Dhawan

2014-01-01

261

“My Work is My Future”: A Case Study of an NGO’s Educational Programs for Women Entrepreneurs in West Africa  

E-print Network

“MY WORK IS MY FUTURE”: A CASE STUDY OF AN NGO’S EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS FOR WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS IN WEST AFRICA A Dissertation by JILL LOUISE ZARESTKY Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University... of that future, persevering to ensure continued economic and educational opportunities in collaboration with the women entrepreneurs of West Africa. This work is dedicated to all the talented, hard-working and committed women I met there and without whom my...

Zarestky, Jill

2014-06-24

262

Site Selection for the European ELT: working package included in the European FP6 ``ELT design study'' contract  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The site selection for the future European Large Telescope (E-ELT) is a key issue within the European proposal funded by the European Union (EU), within the ``ELT design study'' proposal. The organization, working scheme and baseline frameworks are reviewed. For the definition of the working package WP12000 ``Site Characterization'', important use has been done of previous work in the definition of techniques and tools for the study of the atmosphere above observing sites. We have also taken advantage of the number of data already available which have naturally defined a ranking among the known places which have also been taken as a base line for pre-selecting the candidate sites. The work will last 4 years, it started in 2005 and is organized in subtasks, working packages WP, whose main objectives are the following: WP12100: to characterize two top astronomical sites (ORM and North-Paranal) and to explore three other alternatives (Macon in Argentina, Izaña in Spain and Aklim in Morocco) suitable to install an ELT under the best conditions (Dome C is been currently under investigation, and no particular effort will be put in this site, but rather its atmospheric properties will be compared to the above mentioned sites). WP12200 is dedicated to design, build and operate a set of standard equipment in all the sites and to perform long term campaign. WP12300 will investigate wavefront properties over large baselines (50-100 m) corresponding to the size of the future ELT, as well as the fine characterization of the optical turbulence within the boundary layer. A similar plan is being carried out by the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) site selection team. For the sake of saving resources (budget and people), the TMT preselected sites (all in the American Continent) are not included in our European study.

Muñoz-Tuñón, C.; Sarazin, M.; Vernin, J.

2007-10-01

263

"Beam me up, scotty": designing the future of nursing professional development.  

PubMed

Experts in nursing education, such as Benner, Sutphen, Leonard, and Day (2010), as well as the Institute of Medicine report, The Future of Nursing (2011), agree that 21st-century nursing education must change. However, the focus is often on academic education rather than practice education. Today's nurses deserve exceptional practice education that is built on 21st-century learning principles, technologies, and methods as they pursue lifelong, behavior-forming learning. This requires four key shifts: (1) using synergistic, collaborative, learner-centered methods; (2) infusing technology into learning and teaching; (3) designing professional development rooted in instructional design best practices; and (4) performing comprehensive evaluations of professional development. This article explores the necessity for change and encourages nursing professional development specialists to boldly go where they have never gone before. PMID:22966774

Yoder, S Leah; Terhorst, Raymond

2012-10-01

264

Estimation of cyclic interstory drift capacity of steel framed structures and future applications for seismic design.  

PubMed

Several studies have been devoted to calibrate damage indices for steel and reinforced concrete members with the purpose of overcoming some of the shortcomings of the parameters currently used during seismic design. Nevertheless, there is a challenge to study and calibrate the use of such indices for the practical structural evaluation of complex structures. In this paper, an energy-based damage model for multidegree-of-freedom (MDOF) steel framed structures that accounts explicitly for the effects of cumulative plastic deformation demands is used to estimate the cyclic drift capacity of steel structures. To achieve this, seismic hazard curves are used to discuss the limitations of the maximum interstory drift demand as a performance parameter to achieve adequate damage control. Then the concept of cyclic drift capacity, which incorporates information of the influence of cumulative plastic deformation demands, is introduced as an alternative for future applications of seismic design of structures subjected to long duration ground motions. PMID:25089288

Bojórquez, Edén; Reyes-Salazar, Alfredo; Ruiz, Sonia E; Terán-Gilmore, Amador

2014-01-01

265

New computing systems, future computing environment, and their implications on structural analysis and design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent advances in computer technology that are likely to impact structural analysis and design of flight vehicles are reviewed. A brief summary is given of the advances in microelectronics, networking technologies, and in the user-interface hardware and software. The major features of new and projected computing systems, including high performance computers, parallel processing machines, and small systems, are described. Advances in programming environments, numerical algorithms, and computational strategies for new computing systems are reviewed. The impact of the advances in computer technology on structural analysis and the design of flight vehicles is described. A scenario for future computing paradigms is presented, and the near-term needs in the computational structures area are outlined.

Noor, Ahmed K.; Housner, Jerrold M.

1993-01-01

266

Estimation of Cyclic Interstory Drift Capacity of Steel Framed Structures and Future Applications for Seismic Design  

PubMed Central

Several studies have been devoted to calibrate damage indices for steel and reinforced concrete members with the purpose of overcoming some of the shortcomings of the parameters currently used during seismic design. Nevertheless, there is a challenge to study and calibrate the use of such indices for the practical structural evaluation of complex structures. In this paper, an energy-based damage model for multidegree-of-freedom (MDOF) steel framed structures that accounts explicitly for the effects of cumulative plastic deformation demands is used to estimate the cyclic drift capacity of steel structures. To achieve this, seismic hazard curves are used to discuss the limitations of the maximum interstory drift demand as a performance parameter to achieve adequate damage control. Then the concept of cyclic drift capacity, which incorporates information of the influence of cumulative plastic deformation demands, is introduced as an alternative for future applications of seismic design of structures subjected to long duration ground motions. PMID:25089288

Bojórquez, Edén; Reyes-Salazar, Alfredo; Ruiz, Sonia E.; Terán-Gilmore, Amador

2014-01-01

267

Experiences in using role-playing, computer game and physical acting to enhance user involvement in design of future applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of information technology in everyday life is increasing and getting more and more ambient in our daily environments. The environments are supposed to be intelligent, adaptive, intuitive, interactive and proactive in the future. User participation for future concept building is essential but challenging when designing appliances that might be unfamiliar in their appearance, functionality and impressiveness compared to

Veikko Ikonen

2004-01-01

268

Nuclear Energy Research Initiative. Risk Informed Assessment of Regulatory and Design Requirements for Future Nuclear Power Plants. Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-informed approach for the

Ritterbusch

2000-01-01

269

Anticipating the use of future things: towards a framework for prospective use analysis in innovation design projects.  

PubMed

Anticipation of future product use is a persistent issue in User-Centered Design. In this paper, we argue that one obstacle to early integration of use analysis in innovation design is overreliance on retrospective use analysis, i.e. that which is based on clear references to existing products or activities. In contrast, innovation design projects are full of uncertainty, leading to a need for prospective analysis. After having described some limitations of prospective use analysis, we contend that creativity tools may be used to assist the anticipation of future product use, by allowing designers to approach the variability of situations of future use in a structured manner rather than by "muddling through". We illustrate the expected benefits of this approach with two case studies, and describe some prospects for future research and practice in ergonomics. PMID:23680450

Nelson, Julien; Buisine, Stéphanie; Aoussat, Améziane

2013-11-01

270

A scoping review of malaria forecasting: past work and future directions  

PubMed Central

Objectives There is a growing body of literature on malaria forecasting methods and the objective of our review is to identify and assess methods, including predictors, used to forecast malaria. Design Scoping review. Two independent reviewers searched information sources, assessed studies for inclusion and extracted data from each study. Information sources Search strategies were developed and the following databases were searched: CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Global Health, MEDLINE, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses and Web of Science. Key journals and websites were also manually searched. Eligibility criteria for included studies We included studies that forecasted incidence, prevalence or epidemics of malaria over time. A description of the forecasting model and an assessment of the forecast accuracy of the model were requirements for inclusion. Studies were restricted to human populations and to autochthonous transmission settings. Results We identified 29 different studies that met our inclusion criteria for this review. The forecasting approaches included statistical modelling, mathematical modelling and machine learning methods. Climate-related predictors were used consistently in forecasting models, with the most common predictors being rainfall, relative humidity, temperature and the normalised difference vegetation index. Model evaluation was typically based on a reserved portion of data and accuracy was measured in a variety of ways including mean-squared error and correlation coefficients. We could not compare the forecast accuracy of models from the different studies as the evaluation measures differed across the studies. Conclusions Applying different forecasting methods to the same data, exploring the predictive ability of non-environmental variables, including transmission reducing interventions and using common forecast accuracy measures will allow malaria researchers to compare and improve models and methods, which should improve the quality of malaria forecasting. PMID:23180505

Zinszer, Kate; Verma, Aman D; Charland, Katia; Brewer, Timothy F; Brownstein, John S; Sun, Zhuoyu; Buckeridge, David L

2012-01-01

271

Intelligent Agents and Their Potential for Future Design and Synthesis Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Intelligent Agents and Their Potential for Future Design and Synthesis Environment, held at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, September 16-17, 1998. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the University of Virginia's Center for Advanced Computational Technology and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, industry and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to assess the status of intelligent agents technology and to identify the potential of software agents for use in future design and synthesis environment. The presentations covered the current status of agent technology and several applications of intelligent software agents. Certain materials and products are identified in this publication in order to specify adequately the materials and products that were investigated in the research effort. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement of products by NASA, nor does it imply that the materials and products are the only ones or the best ones available for this purpose. In many cases equivalent materials and products are available and would probably produce equivalent results.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler); Malone, John B. (Compiler)

1999-01-01

272

Design and cold-air test of single-stage uncooled turbine with high work output  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A solid version of a 50.8 cm single stage core turbine designed for high temperature was tested in cold air over a range of speed and pressure ratio. Design equivalent specific work was 76.84 J/g at an engine turbine tip speed of 579.1 m/sec. At design speed and pressure ratio, the total efficiency of the turbine was 88.6 percent, which is 0.6 point lower than the design value of 89.2 percent. The corresponding mass flow was 4.0 percent greater than design.

Moffitt, T. P.; Szanca, E. M.; Whitney, W. J.; Behning, F. P.

1980-01-01

273

FY 95 engineering work plan for the design reconstitution implementation action plan  

SciTech Connect

Design reconstitution work is to be performed as part of an overall effort to upgrade Configuration Management (CM) at TWRS. WHC policy is to implement a program that is compliant with DOE-STD-1073-93, Guide for Operational Configuration Management Program. DOE-STD-1073 requires an adjunct program for reconstituting design information. WHC-SD-WM-CM-009, Design Reconstitution Program Plan for Waste Tank Farms and 242-A Evaporator of Tank Waste Remediation System, is the TWRS plan for meeting DOE-STD-1073 design reconstitution requirements. The design reconstitution plan is complex requiring significant time and effort for implementation. In order to control costs, and integrate the work into other TWRS activities, a Design Reconstitution Implementation Action Plan (DR IAP) will be developed, and approved by those organizations having ownership or functional interest in this activity.

Bigbee, J.D.

1994-11-09

274

Fall Semester 2010, IE 408 (Cognitive Work Design) Syllabus General Course Information  

E-print Network

visual, auditory, cognitive, perceptual and environmental aspects of human performance; Perform task, with emphasis on human performance. Students will apply the tools and principles learned during the semester Design, and focuses on the cognitive part of human factors and work design. Students taking this course

Rothrock, Ling

275

Personal Leadership in Practice: A Critical Approach to Instructional Design Innovation Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An argument is made in this article for a link between leadership and innovation, when innovation is an outcome of the work approaches and practices that underpin an educational technologist's academic course designs. The practice of instructional design (ID) is continually being challenged to rethink its conceptualization of academic course…

Ashbaugh, Marcia L.

2013-01-01

276

LAPACK Working Note 58 The Design of Linear Algebra Libraries for High Performance Computers \\Lambda  

E-print Network

LAPACK Working Note 58 The Design of Linear Algebra Libraries for High Performance Computers Abstract This paper discusses the design of linear algebra libraries for high performance computers of distributed versions of the Level 3 Basic Linear Algebra Subgrams (BLAS) as computational building blocks

Dongarra, Jack

277

Energy-efficient wireless communication net-work design is an important and challenging  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Energy-efficient wireless communication net- work design is an important and challenging and challenging problem. It is important because mobile units operate on batteries with limited energy supply. It is challenging because there are many differ- ent issues that must be dealt with when design- ing a low-energy

278

Partnerships and Learning Communities in Work-Integrated Learning: Designing a Community Services Student Placement Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes and analyses the design and implementation of a higher education student placement program in the community services sector. Principally ideas about partnerships and social learning informed the design. The placement program represents a significant innovation in work-integrated learning, achieved through collaboration between…

Harris, Lisa; Jones, Martyn; Coutts, Sally

2010-01-01

279

Applying Patterns of Cooperative Interaction To Work (Re)Design: E-Government and Planning  

E-print Network

Applying Patterns of Cooperative Interaction To Work (Re)Design: E-Government and Planning David and demonstrate their use in application to a complex setting, e-government in local government planning. Keywords Patterns of cooperative interaction, e-government, ethnography, design INTRODUCTION We are currently

280

The Effects of Training Design, Individual Characteristics and Work Environment on Transfer of Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to gain insight into some of the factors that determine the transfer of training to the work context. The present research examined the relationship between three types of predictors on transfer of training, including training design, individual characteristics and work environment. Data was collected at two points in time from 182…

Velada, Raquel; Caetano, Antonio; Michel, John W.; Lyons, Brian D.; Kavanagh, Michael J.

2007-01-01

281

Design of the Master Control System of the Array Antenna Based on the VxWorks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aimed at the features of the array antenna that with large number units, short work cycle, complex electromagnetic environment and high stability requirement, designed the master control system which based on the VxWorks real-time operating system. The master control system as a whole array antenna control center needed to connect multiple subsystems. After a full investigation, the paper

Yu Yi; Liu Qingxiang; Zhao Liu; Wang Bangji; Zhang Zhengquan; Li Xiangqiang; Zhang Jianqiong

2011-01-01

282

Instructor Training and Instructional Design in Online Courses Using Group Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory multi-case study was to examine the role of instructional design and instructor training on student learning outcomes and student satisfaction within the online class using group work, a form of collaborative learning. Group work has been strongly recommended for online classes. Data allowing insight into…

Gibson, Patricia K.

2013-01-01

283

The Iterative Design Process in Research and Development: A Work Experience Paper  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The iterative design process is one of many strategies used in new product development. Top-down development strategies, like waterfall development, place a heavy emphasis on planning and simulation. The iterative process, on the other hand, is better suited to the management of small to medium scale projects. Over the past four months, I have worked with engineers at Johnson Space Center on a multitude of electronics projects. By describing the work I have done these last few months, analyzing the factors that have driven design decisions, and examining the testing and verification process, I will demonstrate that iterative design is the obvious choice for research and development projects.

Sullivan, George F. III

2013-01-01

284

Report on the NGS3 Working Group on Safeguards by Design For Aqueous Reprocessing Plants  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Working Group on SBD for Aqueous Reprocessing Facilities was to provide recommendations, for facility operators and designers, which would aid in the coordination and integration of nuclear material accountancy and the safeguards requirements of all concerned parties - operators, state/regional authorities, and the IAEA. The recommendations, which are to be provided to the IAEA, are intended to assist in optimizing facility design and operating parameters to ensure the safeguardability of the facility while minimizing impact on the operations. The one day Working Group session addressed a wide range of design and operating topics.

Johnson, Shirley J.; Ehinger, Michael; Schanfein, Mark

2011-02-01

285

Multiagent Modeling and Simulation in Human-Robot Mission Operations Work System Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a collaborative multiagent modeling and simulation approach for designing work systems. The Brahms environment is used to model mission operations for a semi-autonomous robot mission to the Moon at the work practice level. It shows the impact of human-decision making on the activities and energy consumption of a robot. A collaborative work systems design methodology is described that allows informal models, created with users and stakeholders, to be used as input to the development of formal computational models.

Sierhuis, Maarten; Clancey, William J.; Sims, Michael H.; Shafto, Michael (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

286

Impact of the Diamond Light Source on research in Earth and environmental sciences: current work and future perspectives  

PubMed Central

Diamond Light Source Ltd celebrated its 10th anniversary as a company in December 2012 and has now accepted user experiments for over 5 years. This paper describes the current facilities available at Diamond and future developments that enhance its capacities with respect to the Earth and environmental sciences. A review of relevant research conducted at Diamond thus far is provided. This highlights how synchrotron-based studies have brought about important advances in our understanding of the fundamental parameters controlling highly complex mineral–fluid–microbe interface reactions in the natural environment. This new knowledge not only enhances our understanding of global biogeochemical processes, but also provides the opportunity for interventions to be designed for environmental remediation and beneficial use. PMID:25624516

Burke, Ian T.; Mosselmans, J. Frederick W.; Shaw, Samuel; Peacock, Caroline L.; Benning, Liane G.; Coker, Victoria S.

2015-01-01

287

Preliminary analysis of long-range aircraft designs for future heavy airlift missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computerized design study of very large cargo aircraft for the future heavy airlift mission was conducted using the Aircraft Synthesis program (ACSYNT). The study was requested by the Air Force under an agreement whereby Ames provides computerized design support to the Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory. This effort is part of an overall Air Force program to study advanced technology large aircraft systems. Included in the Air Force large aircraft program are investigations of missions such as heavy airlift, airborne missile launch, battle platform, command and control, and aerial tanker. The Ames studies concentrated on large cargo aircraft of conventional design with payloads from 250,000 to 350,000 lb. Range missions up to 6500 n.mi. and radius missions up to 3600 n.mi. have been considered. Takeoff and landing distances between 7,000 and 10,000 ft are important constraints on the configuration concepts. The results indicate that a configuration employing conventional technology in all disciplinary areas weighs approximately 2 million pounds to accomplish either a 6500-n.mi. range mission or a 3600-n.mi. radius mission with a 350,000-lb payload.

Nelms, W. P., Jr.; Murphy, R.; Barlow, A.

1976-01-01

288

Human performance issues in the design of future Air Force systems.  

PubMed

For future Air Force systems, the question is not whether to introduce automation, but rather what to automate and how to implement it to optimize the use of human and system resources. There is a continuum of levels of automation ranging from the straightforward use of integrative displays of existing information to replacing human operators with robots. This paper is concerned not with automation decisions per se, but with the design and analysis questions relating to human performance that are raised by these various levels of automation. At the simplest levels one is concerned with the design of integrative displays for direct interpretation by the crew. At intermediate levels one is concerned with the design of interfaces to the expert systems that are providing recommendations to the crew. At the level of robotics there are issues concerning scope and depth of supervisory control that the crew should provide. Although AMRL has been addressing such issues for many of the last 50 years, the need for analytic approaches, for integrative theories, and for cost-effective empirical evaluation tools has never been greater. PMID:3778405

Pew, R W

1986-10-01

289

On challenges and opportunities of designing integrated IT platforms for supporting knowledge works in organizations  

E-print Network

Designing and implementing comprehensive IT-based support environments for KM in organizations is fraught with many problems. Solving them requires intimate knowledge about the information usage in knowledge works and the scopes of technology intervention. In this paper, the Task-oriented Organizational Knowledge Management or TOKM, a design theory for building integrated IT platforms for supporting organizational KM, is proposed. TOKM brings together two apparently mutually exclusive practices of building KM systems, the task-based approach and the generic or universalistic approach. In developing the design, the information requirements of knowledge workers in light of an information usage model of knowledge works is studied. Then the model is extended to study possibilities of more advanced IT support and formulate them in form of a set of meta-requirements. Following the IS design theory paradigm, a set of artifacts are hypothesized to meet the requirements. Finally, a design method, as a possible approac...

Laha, Arijit

2009-01-01

290

Design study of an optical cavity for a future photon collider at ILC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hard photons well above 100 GeV have to be generated in a future photon collider which essentially will be based on the infrastructure of the planned International Linear Collider (ILC). The energy of near-infrared laser photons will be boosted by Compton backscattering against a high-energy relativistic electron beam. For high effectiveness, a very powerful laser system is required that exceeds today's state-of-the-art capabilities. In this paper a design of an auxiliary passive cavity is discussed that resonantly enhances the peak-power of the laser. The properties and prospects of such a cavity are addressed on the basis of the specifications for the European TeV Energy Superconducting Linear Accelerator (TESLA) proposal. Those of the ILC are expected to be similar.

Klemz, G.; Mönig, K.; Will, I.

2006-08-01

291

Designing serious video games for health behavior change: current status and future directions.  

PubMed

Serious video games for health are designed to entertain while changing a specific health behavior. This article identifies behavioral principles that can guide the development of serious video games focused on changing a variety of health behaviors, including those attempting to decrease risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Guidelines discussed include how to develop video games that provide a solid foundation for behavior change by enhancing a player's knowledge and skill, ways in which personal mastery experiences can be incorporated into a video game environment, using game characters and avatars to promote observational learning, creating personalized experiences through tailoring, and the importance of achieving a balance between "fun-ness" and "seriousness." The article concludes with suggestions for future research needed to inform this rapidly growing field. PMID:22920806

Thompson, Debbe

2012-07-01

292

New facility design and work method for the quantitative fit testing laboratory. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine (USAFSAM) tests the quantitative fit of masks which are worn by military personnel during nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare. Subjects are placed in a Dynatech-Frontier Fit Testing Chamber, salt air is fed into the chamber, and samples of air are drawn from the mask and the chamber. The ratio of salt air outside the mask to salt air inside the mask is called the quantitative fit factor. A motion-time study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of the layout and work method presently used in the laboratory. A link analysis was done to determine equipment priorities, and the link data and design guidelines were used to develop three proposed laboratory designs. The proposals were evaluated by projecting the time and motion efficiency, and the energy expended working in each design. Also evaluated were the lengths of the equipment links for each proposal, and each proposal's adherence to design guidelines. A mock-up was built of the best design proposal, and a second motion-time study was run. Results showed that with the new laboratory and work procedures, the USAFSAM analyst could test 116 more subjects per year than are currently tested. Finally, the results of a questionnaire given to the analyst indicated that user acceptance of the work area improved with the new design.

Ward, G.F.

1989-05-01

293

Ground motion optimized orbit feedback design for the future linear collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future linear collider has strong stability requirements on the position of the beam along the accelerator and at the interaction point (IP). The beam position will be sensitive to dynamic imperfections in particular ground motion. A number of mitigation techniques have been proposed to be deployed in parallel: active and passive quadrupole stabilization and positioning as well as orbit and IP feedback. This paper presents a novel design of the orbit controller in the main linac and beam delivery system. One global feedback controller is proposed based on an SVD-controller (Singular Value Decomposition) that decouples the large multi-input multi-output system into many independent single-input single-output systems. A semi-automatic procedure is proposed for the controller design of the independent systems by exploiting numerical models of ground motion and measurement noise to minimize a target parameter, e.g. luminosity loss. The novel design for the orbit controller is studied for the case of the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) in integrated simulations, which include all proposed mitigation methods. The impact of the ground motion on the luminosity performance is examined in detail. It is shown that with the proposed orbit controller the tight luminosity budget for ground motion effects is fulfilled and accordingly, an essential feasibility issue of CLIC has been addressed. The orbit controller design is robust and allows for a relaxed BPM resolution, while still maintaining a strong ground motion suppression performance compared to traditional methods. We believe that the described method could easily be applied to other accelerators and light sources.

Pfingstner, J.; Snuverink, J.; Schulte, D.

2013-03-01

294

The optical antenna system design research on earth integrative network laser link in the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth integrated information network can be real-time acquisition, transmission and processing the spatial information with the carrier based on space platforms, such as geostationary satellites or in low-orbit satellites, stratospheric balloons or unmanned and manned aircraft, etc. It is an essential infrastructure for China to constructed earth integrated information network. Earth integrated information network can not only support the highly dynamic and the real-time transmission of broadband down to earth observation, but the reliable transmission of the ultra remote and the large delay up to the deep space exploration, as well as provide services for the significant application of the ocean voyage, emergency rescue, navigation and positioning, air transportation, aerospace measurement or control and other fields.Thus the earth integrated information network can expand the human science, culture and productive activities to the space, ocean and even deep space, so it is the global research focus. The network of the laser communication link is an important component and the mean of communication in the earth integrated information network. Optimize the structure and design the system of the optical antenna is considered one of the difficulty key technologies for the space laser communication link network. Therefore, this paper presents an optical antenna system that it can be used in space laser communication link network.The antenna system was consisted by the plurality mirrors stitched with the rotational paraboloid as a substrate. The optical system structure of the multi-mirror stitched was simulated and emulated by the light tools software. Cassegrain form to be used in a relay optical system. The structural parameters of the relay optical system was optimized and designed by the optical design software of zemax. The results of the optimal design and simulation or emulation indicated that the antenna system had a good optical performance and a certain reference value in engineering. It can provide effective technical support to realize interconnection of earth integrated laser link information network in the future.

Liu, Xianzhu; Fu, Qiang; He, Jingyi

2014-11-01

295

A Model for Design of Tailored Working Environment Intervention Programmes for Small Enterprises  

PubMed Central

Objectives Small enterprises have higher exposure to occupational hazards compared to larger enterprises and further, they have fewer resources to control the risks. In order to improve the working environment, development of efficient measures is therefore a major challenge for regulators and other stakeholders. The aim of this paper is to develop a systematic model for the design of tailored intervention programmes meeting the needs of small enterprises. Methods An important challenge for the design process is the transfer of knowledge from one context to another. The concept of realist analysis can provide insight into mechanisms by which intervention knowledge can be transferred from one context to another. We use this theoretical approach to develop a design model. Results The model consist of five steps: 1) Defining occupational health and safety challenges of the target group, 2) selecting methods to improve the working environment, 3) developing theories about mechanisms which motivate the target group, 4) analysing the specific context of the target group for small enterprise programmes including owner-management role, social relations, and the perception of the working environment, and 5) designing the intervention based on the preceding steps. We demonstrate how the design model can be applied in practice by the development of an intervention programme for small enterprises in the construction industry. Conclusion The model provides a useful tool for a systematic design process. The model makes it transparent for both researchers and practitioners as to how existing knowledge can be used in the design of new intervention programmes. PMID:23019530

Kvorning, Laura V; Rasmussen, Charlotte DN; Smith, Louise H; Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

2012-01-01

296

Design of a professional development and support program for future photonics industry team leaders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Arizona's Collaboration to Advance Teaching Technology and Science (CATTS) program sponsored by the National Science Foundation has found a successful way to unite public and charter school students and teachers, university science outreach programs, graduate and undergraduate students, and university faculty for the betterment of science education. A key aspect of this success has been the ability of the project to assist stakeholders in understanding the different cultural perspectives of all of the participants. The success of this program has led us to create a template for a professional development and support program emphasizing the degree of cross-cultural understanding appropriate for today's multinational photonics industry. This template is designed to give future photonics technical, managerial, and manufacturing leaders training in a variety of areas that can enhance their productivity and ability to lead teams. The design would be appropriate for photonics research and development teams, sales and marketing teams, teams with diverse members new college hires, and newly emplaced managers. This education template would also be appropriate for students in photonics industry technician and graduate- level programs. This type of program is not a substitute for other forms of professional managerial training, but rather augments such programs with material that can aid in a more global perspective.

Hall-Wallace, Michelle; Regens, Nancy L.; Pompea, Stephen M.

2002-05-01

297

NASA is pleased to release this summary of the agency's recent work on future human space exploration capabilities and missions, largely performed by our Human  

E-print Network

human space exploration endeavor for the nation. The team's work helps provide a context for the nextNASA is pleased to release this summary of the agency's recent work on future human space exploration capabilities and missions, largely performed by our Human Exploration Framework Team (HEFT

298

Three dimensional parameterized design of heat exchanger tubesheet based on SolidWorks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three dimensional solid-modeling revolution has reached the design mainstream. In this paper, the parameterized design method of tubesheet and principle of automatic tube layout for shell-and-tube heat exchanger were investigated. Parameterized modeling and automatic engineering drawing creating for heat exchanger tubesheet were realized by the development of SolidWorks based on VB (Visual Basic), Microsoft Access and API (application programming interface)

Peng Gao; Zhi-fu Sang

2008-01-01

299

Learner Outcomes: Design Specifications and Selected Learner Outcomes for the Comprehensive High School of the Future--Choosing the Keystone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Design Group for the New Designs for the Comprehensive High School project used their first meeting to deliberate and make a keystone decision about the purpose and desired outcomes of the comprehensive high school. From a working paper by Pearce et al. (1991), the Design Group reviewed the history and current practices of aims and objectives…

Pease, Virginia H.; And Others

300

Your Subject Librarian A Subject Librarian is designated to work with each school and research  

E-print Network

Your Subject Librarian A Subject Librarian is designated to work with each school and research centre within DCU. For staff and researchers, your Subject Librarian is your key contact with the Library and all it has to offer in support of your learning, teaching and research needs. Your Subject Librarian

Humphrys, Mark

301

A&M. Outdoor turntable. Workings and design exposed during demolition. View ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Outdoor turntable. Workings and design exposed during demolition. View between two of the four rails of the track. Note motor and electrical conduit. Date: February 3, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-37-1-1 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

302

Bioconductor exercises 1 Working with Affymetrix data: estrogen, a 2x2 factorial design example  

E-print Network

Bioconductor exercises 1 Working with Affymetrix data: estrogen, a 2x2 factorial design example June 2004 Robert Gentleman, Wolfgang Huber 1.) Preliminaries. To go through this exercise, you need the Bioconductor release 1.4. > library(affy) > library(estrogen) > library(vsn) 2.) Load the data. a. Find

Spang, Rainer

303

Bioconductor exercises 1 Working with Affymetrix data: estrogen, a 2x2 factorial design example  

E-print Network

Bioconductor exercises 1 Working with Affymetrix data: estrogen, a 2x2 factorial design example(pd)), phenoData = pd, + verbose = TRUE) > a #12;Bioconductor exercises 2 AffyBatch object size of arrays=640x through this exercise, you need to have installed R>=1.7.1, the libraries Biobase, affy, hgu95av2, hgu95av

Spang, Rainer

304

Studio Design Work in First Year Architectural Education. Advisory Centre Occasional Papers in University Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course for first-year architectural students is described. The approach concentrated on developing an understanding of the nature of design activity through exploration of the kind of thinking that may be applied in order to improve the first-year studio work. The course is based on the following premises: (1) it is possible and educationally…

Claridge, Philip George Brian

305

Energy-Saving System Designed with Combining Ultrasonic Position and ZigBee Wireless Net Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the first time energy-saving system implemented with the design of combining ultrasonic position system with Zigbee wireless net work. There were some studies about Zigbee wireless networking and ultrasonic positioning respectively instead of combining the two systems in unique system to accomplish a task together. The study adapted ultrasonic positioning function to correctly detect both people's position

Chun-Liang Hsu; Sheng-Yuan Yang; Wei-Bin Wu

306

Portraying the Work of Instructional Designing: An Activity-Oriented Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the usefulness of an activity-oriented approach in describing and explaining the work of designing an international distance education course in business entrepreneurship at Indiana University. The course was team taught with an instructor at the City University of Hong Kong; video conferencing and Internet-based technologies…

Rathbun, Gail A.

307

Work.  

PubMed

The very nature of work is changing because of rapid social change, a culture of abundance, and the ability to substitute information for equipment, inventory, and other material aspects of value creation. In America, we are experiencing an erosion of the concept of a "job," a dramatic shift to service and information as the basis for value added, market commercialism, and the importance of the self-managed career. In some of these areas, dentistry has been consistent with the patterns of innovation--even being a model in some cases. There are also areas where dentistry is moving in contrary directions. PMID:12602221

Chambers, David W

2002-01-01

308

Making media work in space: an interdisciplinary perspective on media and communication requirements for current and future space communities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As humans expand into space communities will form. These have already begun to form in small ways, such as long-duration missions on the International Space Station and the space shuttle, and small-scale tourist excursions into space. Social, behavioural and communications data emerging from such existing communities in space suggest that the physically-bounded, work-oriented and traditionally male-dominated nature of these extremely remote groups present specific problems for the resident astronauts, groups of them viewed as ‘communities’, and their associated groups who remain on Earth, including mission controllers, management and astronauts’ families. Notionally feminine group attributes such as adaptive competence, social adaptation skills and social sensitivity will be crucial to the viability of space communities and in the absence of gender equity, ‘staying in touch’ by means of ‘news from home’ becomes more important than ever. A template of news and media forms and technologies is suggested to service those needs and enhance the social viability of future terraforming activities.

Babidge, S.; Cokley, J.; Gordon, F.; Louw, E.

2005-10-01

309

A review of the status of advanced control room design in a nuclear power plant present practices and future trend  

SciTech Connect

The basic concept and fundamental principles of an Advanced Control Room (ACR) Design were discussed in detail in a 1975 joint IAEA/IEEE Specialists Meeting. The TMI-2 experiences produced a substantial amount of new ideas. In this paper, seven-point criteria are established and the present practices of control room design in a nuclear power plant (NPP) are analyzed on the basis of these criteria. This paper, also, discusses future trends in ACR design. It includes, further, a detailed comparison of the control rooms of three nuclear power plants under design, construction and start-up.

Bagchi, C.; Gupta, P.

1983-06-01

310

An Approach to Modeling the Airplane Cooperative Design Process Based on Task-Related Work Breakdown Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

To shorten the design period of airplane, improve the design quality and reduce the manufacture cost, the computer supported cooperative design has become one of the effective methods. In order to organize the airplane design coordination tasks reasonably and improve the group collaborative efficiency in CSCD, an airplane cooperative design model based on task-related work breakdown structure was presented. The

Kai Wang; Yi Liu; Wenzheng Li

2009-01-01

311

The Design of Large-Scale Complex Engineered Systems: Present Challenges and Future Promise  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Model-Based Systems Engineering techniques are used in the SE community to address the need for managing the development of complex systems. A key feature of the MBSE approach is the use of a model to capture the requirements, architecture, behavior, operating environment and other key aspects of the system. The focus on the model differentiates MBSE from traditional SE techniques that may have a document centric approach. In an effort to assess the benefit of utilizing MBSE on its flight projects, NASA Langley has implemented a pilot program to apply MBSE techniques during the early phase of the Materials International Space Station Experiment-X (MISSE-X). MISSE-X is a Technology Demonstration Mission being developed by the NASA Office of the Chief Technologist i . Designed to be installed on the exterior of the International Space Station (ISS), MISSE-X will host experiments that advance the technology readiness of materials and devices needed for future space exploration. As a follow-on to the highly successful series of previous MISSE experiments on ISS, MISSE-X benefits from a significant interest by the

Bloebaum, Christina L.; McGowan, Anna-Maria Rivas

2012-01-01

312

Anticipatory ethics for a future Internet: analyzing values during the design of an Internet infrastructure.  

PubMed

The technical details of Internet architecture affect social debates about privacy and autonomy, intellectual property, cybersecurity, and the basic performance and reliability of Internet services. This paper explores one method for practicing anticipatory ethics in order to understand how a new infrastructure for the Internet might impact these social debates. This paper systematically examines values expressed by an Internet architecture engineering team-the Named Data Networking project-based on data gathered from publications and internal documents. Networking engineers making technical choices also weigh non-technical values when working on Internet infrastructure. Analysis of the team's documents reveals both values invoked in response to technical constraints and possibilities, such as efficiency and dynamism, as well as values, including privacy, security and anonymity, which stem from a concern for personal liberties. More peripheral communitarian values espoused by the engineers include democratization and trust. The paper considers the contextual and social origins of these values, and then uses them as a method of practicing anticipatory ethics: considering the impact such priorities may have on a future Internet. PMID:24407888

Shilton, Katie

2015-02-01

313

Factors affecting the designation of cerebrovascular diseases as work-related in administrative litigation.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to identify factors that could be used as standardized criteria for evaluating occupational diseases in initial assessments or requests for examination. Using 100 administrative litigation cases on the work-relatedness of cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs) by the Seoul Branch of the Korea Labor Welfare Corporation (KLWC) from 1997 to 2002, we estimated the relationship between the investigated variables and designation of the work-relatedness of the CVD. As for the age, the odds ratio of the acceptance rate of a case as work-related in subjects over 60 yr of age was 0.08 (95% CI, 0.01-0.75), which was compared to subjects under 30 yr of age. Regarding working hours, the odds ratio of the acceptance rate of a case as work-related in CVDs in those over 56 hr was 9.50 (95% CI, 1.92-47.10) when compared to those less than 56 hr. As for the benefit type, the odds ratio of the acceptance rate of a case as work-related in medical benefits was 5.74 (95% CI, 1.29-25.54), compared to survivor benefits. As for the criteria for defining situations as work overload, the odds ratio of the acceptance rate of a case as work-related in injured workers was 12.06 (95% CI, 3.12-46.62), compared to that in non-injured workers. Our findings show that the criteria for defining situations of work overload played an important role in assessing the work-relatedness of CVDs in administrative litigation, and it is necessary to make the scientific evidence on judgement of work-relatedness on overwork. PMID:18437006

Kim, Hyeongsu; Choi, Jaewook; Rim, Hwayoung; Chang, Sounghoon; Lee, Kunsei

2008-04-01

314

Impact of Nano-scale Through-Silicon Vias on the Quality of Today and Future 3D IC Designs  

E-print Network

Impact of Nano-scale Through-Silicon Vias on the Quality of Today and Future 3D IC Designs Dae Hyun sub-micron dimensions in a few years. This downscaling of TSVs requires research on the impact of nano. In this paper, we investigate, for the first time, the impact of nano-scale TSVs on the area, wirelength, delay

Lim, Sung Kyu

315

Lessons from Tarceva in pancreatic cancer: where are we now, and how should future trials be designed in pancreatic cancer ?  

E-print Network

1 Lessons from Tarceva in pancreatic cancer: where are we now, and how should future trials be designed in pancreatic cancer ? Pierre Laurent-Puig1 ,2, 3, 4 Julien Taieb1,3 1 Université Paris Descartes of review: The recent advances in the use of targeted therapy in pancreatic cancer are based

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

316

75 FR 67364 - Decision To Evaluate a Petition To Designate a Class of Employees From Clinton Engineering Works...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Designate a Class of Employees From Clinton Engineering Works in Oak Ridge, TN, To Be Included...designate a class of employees from Clinton Engineering Works in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to...is as follows: Facility: Clinton Engineering Works. Location: Oak Ridge,...

2010-11-02

317

The Future of STEM Curriculum and Instructional Design: A Research and Development Agenda for Learning Designers. Report of a Workshop Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009-10 a series of Workshops was organized to focus on STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) learning design for young students and adolescents. The objective was to provide visionary leadership to the education community by: (a) identifying and analyzing the needs and opportunities for future STEM curriculum development and…

Center for the Study of Mathematics Curriculum, 2012

2012-01-01

318

Enhancing a sustainable healthy working life: design of a clustered randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background To improve a sustainable healthy working life, we have developed the intervention 'Staying healthy at work', which endeavours to enhance work participation of employees aged 45 years and older by increasing their problem-solving capacity and stimulating their awareness of their role and responsibility towards a healthy working life. This research study aims to evaluate the process and the effectiveness of the intervention compared with care as usual. Methods/design The study is a cluster-randomized controlled trial design (randomized at the supervisor level), with a 1-year follow-up. Workers aged 45 years and older have been enrolled in the study. Workers in the intervention group are receiving the intervention 'Staying healthy at work'. The main focus of the intervention is to promote a healthy working life of ageing workers by: (1) changing workers awareness and behaviour, by emphasizing their own decisive role in attaining goals; (2) improving the supervisors' ability to support workers in taking the necessary action, by means of enhancing knowledge and competence; and (3) enhancing the use of the human resource professionals and the occupational health tools available within the organization. The supervisors in the intervention group have been trained how to present themselves as a source of support for the worker. Workers in the control group are receiving care as usual; supervisors in the control group have not participated in the training. Measurements have been taken at baseline and will be followed up at 3, 6 and 12 months. The primary outcome measures are vitality, work ability and productivity. The secondary outcomes measures include fatigue, job strain, work attitude, self-efficacy and work engagement. A process evaluation will be conducted at both the supervisor and the worker levels, and satisfaction with the content of the intervention will be assessed. Discussion The intervention 'Staying healthy at work' has the potential to provide evidence-based knowledge of an innovative method to promote a sustainable healthy working life in the older working population. The results of the study will be relevant for workers, employers, occupational health professionals and human resource professionals. Trial registration The trial is registered with the Dutch Trial Register under number NTR2270. PMID:20691067

2010-01-01

319

Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume II. Centralized Food Service Systems. Service Management Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume II of a three-volume study on the future of the food service industry considers the effects that centralized food production will have on the future of food production systems. Based on information from the Fair Acres Project and the Michigan State University Vegetable Processing Center, the authors describe the operations of a centralized…

Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

320

Design and experiment of federated network management system on Future Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current Internet has confronted quite a few problems in terms of network security, scalability, performance, etc., mainly due to the rapid increase of the number of end-users and various new service demands. Therefore, revolutionary Future Internet researches come up with resolving the fundamental weakness of Internet. The importance of Future Internet testbed is also growing faster for researchers to experiment

Dongkyun Kim

2011-01-01

321

The Design of Dual Work Function CMOS Transistors and Circuits Using Silicon Nanowire Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study on vertical, undoped silicon nanowire transistors shows less power dissipation with respect to the bulk and SOI MOS transistors while yielding comparable performance. The design cycle starts with determining individual metal gate work functions for each nMOS and pMOS transistor as a function of wire radius to produce a 300 mV threshold voltage. Wire radius and effective

Ahmet Bindal; Adithya Naresh; Pearl Yuan; Kim K. Nguyen; Sotoudeh Hamedi-Hagh

2007-01-01

322

Airborne remote sensors applied to engineering geology and civil works design investigations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The usefulness of various airborne remote sensing systems in the detection and identification of regional and specific geologic structural features that may affect the design and location of engineering structures on major civil works projects is evaluated. The Butler Valley Dam and Blue Lake Project in northern California was selected as a demonstration site. Findings derived from the interpretation of various kinds of imagery used are given.

Gelnett, R. H.

1975-01-01

323

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Jefferson County Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to…

Darfler, Anne; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

324

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Erie Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures" ™ in Education program in Erie Public Schools (EPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to closely analyze…

Riggan, Matt; Fink, Ryan; Sam, Cecile; Darfler, Anne

2013-01-01

325

Why Social Work, and What Does the Future Hold?: The Narratives of Recently Graduated Hispanic and African-American Male BSW and MSW Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employing a focus group interview, this exploratory study investigated the influences on the social work career choice of recently graduated (spring 2007) Hispanic and African-American male BSW and MSW students (N = 7). Also investigated were the views of these men regarding entering a female majority profession and their future in the profession.…

Warde, Bryan

2009-01-01

326

When sad groups expect to meet again: interactive affective sharing and future interaction expectation as determinants of work groups' analytical and creative task performance.  

PubMed

The present study examines the moderating role of future interaction expectation in the relationship between affective sharing and work groups' task performance. We argue that group affect, a group defining characteristic, becomes more salient to its members when it is interactively shared, and that the anticipation of future interaction may strengthen the effects of group defining characteristics on subsequent group member behaviour. As a consequence, interactive sharing (vs. non-interactive sharing) of negative affect is more likely to influence work group outcomes when group members expect to meet again. Results from a laboratory experiment with 66 three-person work groups indeed show that interactively shared (vs. non-interactively shared) negative affect facilitated work groups' analytical task performance, whereas it inhibited performance on a creative fluency task when groups have expectations of future interaction and not when they do not have such expectations. The discussion focuses on how these results add to theory on group affect and contribute to insights in the effects of future interaction expectation. PMID:23046393

Klep, Annefloor H M; Wisse, Barbara; van der Flier, Henk

2013-12-01

327

Present Situation and Future Trends in Modelling of Machining Operations Progress Report of the CIRP Working Group ‘Modelling of Machining Operations’  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1995 CIRP STC “Cutting” started a working group “Modelling of Machining Operations” with the aim of stimulating the development of models capable of predicting quantitatively the performance of metal cutting operations which will be better adapted to the needs of the metal cutting industry in the future. This paper has the character of a progress report. It presents the

C. A. van Luttervelt; T. H. C. Childs; I. S. Jawahir; F. Klocke; P. K. Venuvinod; Y. Altintas; E. Armarego; D. Dornfeld; I. Grabec; J. Leopold; B. Lindstrom; D. Lucca; T. Obikawa; Shirakashi; H. Sato

1998-01-01

328

Society for Range Management and Weed Science Society of America, "Working landscapes providing for the future", February 711 2010, Denver, Colorado. p56 [invited].  

E-print Network

Society for Range Management and Weed Science Society of America, "Working landscapes providing for the future", February 711 2010, Denver, Colorado. p56 [invited]. Lisa J. Rew Prioritizing weed of weed populations became easier with the advent of global positioning systems (GPS) but the science

Maxwell, Bruce D.

329

Is it possible to prevent sports injuries? Review of controlled clinical trials and recommendations for future work.  

PubMed

Sports injuries are one of the most common injuries in modern western societies. Treating sports injuries is often difficult, expensive and time consuming, and thus, preventive strategies and activities are justified on medical as well as economic grounds. A successful injury surveillance and prevention requires valid pre- and post-intervention data on the extent of the problem. The aetiology, risk factors and exact mechanisms of injuries need to be identified before initiating a measure or programme for preventing sports injuries, and measurement of the outcome (injury) must include a standardised definition of the injury and its severity, as well as a systematic method of collecting the information. Valid and reliable measurement of the exposure includes exact information about the population at risk and exposure time. The true efficacy of a preventive measure or programme can be best evaluated through a well-planned randomised trial. Until now, 16 randomised, controlled trials (RCT) have been published on prevention of sports injuries. According to these RCT, the general injury rate can be reduced by a multifactorial injury prevention programme in soccer (relative risk 0.25, p < 0.001, in the intervention group), or by ankle disk training, combined with a thorough warm-up, in European team handball [odds ratio 0.17; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.09 to 0.32, p < 0.01]. Ankle sprains can be prevented by ankle supports (i.e. semirigid orthoses or air-cast braces) in high-risk sporting activities, such as soccer and basketball (Peto odds ratio 0.49; 95% CI 0.37 to 0.66), and stress fractures of the lower limb by the use of shock-absorbing insoles in footwear (Peto odds ratio 0.47; 95% CI 0.30 to 0.76). In future studies, it is extremely important for researches to seek consultation with epidemiologists and statisticians to be certain that the study hypothesis is appropriate and that the methodology can lead to reliable and valid information. Further well-designed randomised studies are needed on preventive actions and devices that are in common use, such as preseason medical screenings, warming up, proprioceptive training, stretching, muscle strengthening, taping, protective equipment, rehabilitation programmes and education interventions (such as increasing general injury awareness among a team). The effect of a planned rule change on the injury risk in a particular sport could be tested via a RCT before execution of the change. The most urgent needs are in commonly practised or high-risk sports, such as soccer, American football, rugby, ice hockey, European team handball, karate, floorball, basketball, downhill skiing and motor sports. PMID:11735682

Parkkari, J; Kujala, U M; Kannus, P

2001-01-01

330

Software Design and Architecture The once and future focus of software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of software has been a focus of software engineering research since the field's beginning. This paper explores key aspects of this research focus and shows why design will remain a principal focus. The intrinsic elements of software design, both process and product, are discussed: concept formation, use of experience, and means for representation, reasoning, and directing the design

Richard N. Taylor; André van der Hoek

2007-01-01

331

MAJIS, the Moons And Jupiter Imaging Spectrometer, designed for the future ESA/JUICE mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Moons And Jupiter Imaging Spectrometer (MAJIS) is the VIS-IR spectral mapper selected for JUICE (Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer), the first Large-class mission in the ESA Cosmic Vision Programme. Scheduled for a launch in 2022, JUICE will perform a comprehensive exploration of the Jovian system thanks to several flybys of Callisto, Ganymede and Europa, before finally entering orbit around Ganymede. During these phases, MAJIS will acquire hyperspectral data necessary to unveil and map the surface composition of different geologic units of the satellites. Transfers between successive satellites' flybys shall be devoted to remote observations of Jupiter's atmosphere and auroras. MAJIS' instrument design relies on a 75 mm pupil, f/3.2 aperture TMA telescope matching two Czerny-Turner imaging spectrometers. A dichroic element is used to split the beam between the two spectral channels. The VIS-NIR spectral channel covers the 0.4-1.9 ?m range with a sampling of 2.3 nm/band. The IR channel works in the 1.5-5.7 ?m range with a 6.6 nm/band sampling. The entire optical structure is passively cooled at cryogenic temperature

Piccioni, Giuseppe; Langevin, Yves; Filacchione, Gianrico; Poulet, Francois; Tosi, Federico; Eng, Pascal; Dumesnil, Cydalise; Zambelli, Massimo; Saggin, Bortolino; Fonti, Sergio; Grassi, Davide; Altieri, Francesca

2014-05-01

332

Future Carbon Regulations and Current Investments in Alternative Coal-Fired Power Plant Designs  

E-print Network

This paper assesses the role of uncertainty over future U.S. carbon regulations in shaping the current choice of which type of power plant to build. The pulverized coal technology (PC) still offer the lowest cost power— ...

Sekar, Ram C.

333

Ergonomic risk assessment with DesignCheck to evaluate assembly work in different phases of the vehicle development process.  

PubMed

Occupational hazards exist, if the design of the work situation is not in accordance with ergonomic design principles. At assembly lines ergonomics is applied to the design of work equipment and tasks and to work organisation. The ignoring of ergonomic principles in planning and design of assembly work leads to unfavourable working posture, action force and material handling. Disorders of the musculoskeletal system are of a common occurrence throughout Europe. Musculoskeletal disorders are a challenge against the background of disabled workers. The changes in a worker's capability have to be regarded in the conception of redesigned and new assembly lines. In this way ergonomics becomes progressively more important in planning and design of vehicles: The objective of ergonomic design in different stages of the vehicles development process is to achieve an optimal adaptation of the assembly work to workers. Hence the ergonomic screening tool "Design Check" (DC) was developed to identify ergonomic deficits in workplace layouts. The screening-tool is based on the current ergonomic state of the art in the design of physical work and relevant EU legal requirements. It was tested within a federal German research project at selected work stations at the assembly lines at Dr.-Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG / Stuttgart. Meanwhile the application of the screening-tool DC is transferred in other parts of the Porsche AG, Stuttgart. It is also realized as an ergonomic standard method to perform assembly work in different phases of the vehicle development process. PMID:22317393

Winter, Gabriele; Schaub, Karlheinz G; Großmann, Kay; Laun, Gerhard; Landau, Kurt; Bruder, Ralph

2012-01-01

334

Emerging and Future Computing Paradigms and Their Impact on the Research, Training, and Design Environments of the Aerospace Workforce  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document contains the proceedings of the training workshop on Emerging and Future Computing Paradigms and their impact on the Research, Training and Design Environments of the Aerospace Workforce. The workshop was held at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, March 18 and 19, 2003. The workshop was jointly sponsored by Old Dominion University and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, other government agencies, industry and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to a) provide broad overviews of the diverse activities related to new computing paradigms, including grid computing, pervasive computing, high-productivity computing, and the IBM-led autonomic computing; and b) identify future directions for research that have high potential for future aerospace workforce environments. The format of the workshop included twenty-one, half-hour overview-type presentations and three exhibits by vendors.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler)

2003-01-01

335

Nuclear Thermal Rocket/vehicle design options for future NASA missions to the Moon and Mars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) provides a unique propulsion capability to planners/designers of future human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. In addition to its high specific impulse (approximately 850-1000 s) and engine thrust-to-weight ratio (approximately 3-10), the NTR can also be configured as a 'dual mode' system capable of generating electrical power for spacecraft environmental systems, communications, and enhanced stage operations (e.g., refrigeration for long-term liquid hydrogen storage). At present the Nuclear Propulsion Office (NPO) is examining a variety of mission applications for the NTR ranging from an expendable, single-burn, trans-lunar injection (TLI) stage for NASA's First Lunar Outpost (FLO) mission to all propulsive, multiburn, NTR-powered spacecraft supporting a 'split cargo-piloted sprint' Mars mission architecture. Each application results in a particular set of requirements in areas such as the number of engines and their respective thrust levels, restart capability, fuel operating temperature and lifetime, cryofluid storage, and stage size. Two solid core NTR concepts are examined -- one based on NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) derivative reactor (NDR) technology, and a second concept which utilizes a ternary carbide 'twisted ribbon' fuel form developed by the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The NDR and CIS concepts have an established technology database involving significant nuclear testing at or near representative operating conditions. Integrated systems and mission studies indicate that clusters of two to four 15 to 25 klbf NDR or CIS engines are sufficient for most of the lunar and Mars mission scenarios currently under consideration. This paper provides descriptions and performance characteristics for the NDR and CIS concepts, summarizes NASA's First Lunar Outpost and Mars mission scenarios, and describes characteristics for representative cargo and piloted vehicles compatible with a reference 240 t-class heavy lift launch vehicle (HLLV) and smaller 120 t HLLV option. Attractive performance characteristics and high-leverage technologies associated with both the engine and stage are identified, and supporting parametric sensitivity data is provided. The potential for commonality of engine and stage components to satisfy a broad range of lunar and Mars missions is also discussed.

Borowski, Stanley K.; Corban, Robert R.; McGuire, Melissa L.; Beke, Erik G.

1995-09-01

336

Nuclear Thermal Rocket/Vehicle Design Options for Future NASA Missions to the Moon and Mars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) provides a unique propulsion capability to planners/designers of future human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. In addition to its high specific impulse (approximately 850-1000 s) and engine thrust-to-weight ratio (approximately 3-10), the NTR can also be configured as a 'dual mode' system capable of generating electrical power for spacecraft environmental systems, communications, and enhanced stage operations (e.g., refrigeration for long-term liquid hydrogen storage). At present the Nuclear Propulsion Office (NPO) is examining a variety of mission applications for the NTR ranging from an expendable, single-burn, trans-lunar injection (TLI) stage for NASA's First Lunar Outpost (FLO) mission to all propulsive, multiburn, NTR-powered spacecraft supporting a 'split cargo-piloted sprint' Mars mission architecture. Each application results in a particular set of requirements in areas such as the number of engines and their respective thrust levels, restart capability, fuel operating temperature and lifetime, cryofluid storage, and stage size. Two solid core NTR concepts are examined -- one based on NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) derivative reactor (NDR) technology, and a second concept which utilizes a ternary carbide 'twisted ribbon' fuel form developed by the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The NDR and CIS concepts have an established technology database involving significant nuclear testing at or near representative operating conditions. Integrated systems and mission studies indicate that clusters of two to four 15 to 25 klbf NDR or CIS engines are sufficient for most of the lunar and Mars mission scenarios currently under consideration. This paper provides descriptions and performance characteristics for the NDR and CIS concepts, summarizes NASA's First Lunar Outpost and Mars mission scenarios, and describes characteristics for representative cargo and piloted vehicles compatible with a reference 240 t-class heavy lift launch vehicle (HLLV) and smaller 120 t HLLV option. Attractive performance characteristics and high-leverage technologies associated with both the engine and stage are identified, and supporting parametric sensitivity data is provided. The potential for commonality of engine and stage components to satisfy a broad range of lunar and Mars missions is also discussed.

Borowski, Stanley K.; Corban, Robert R.; Mcguire, Melissa L.; Beke, Erik G.

1995-01-01

337

Remedial design work plan for the Lower East Fork Poplar Creek Operable Unit, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

The Remedial Design Work Plan (RDWP) for the Lower East Fork Poplar Creek (EFPC) Operable Unit (OU) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, has been prepared. The remedial investigation determined that the principal contaminant is mercury, which originated from releases during Y-12 Plant operations, primarily between 1953 and 1963. The recommended alternative, as stated in the Record of Decision (ROD) was to excavate and dispose of floodplain soils contaminated with mercury above the remedial goal option. Thereafter, a public hearing was held to review the proposed plan. Comments were incorporated. The revised selected remedy, per the ROD is to excavate and dispose of floodplain soils contaminated above the remediation goal of 400 parts per million mercury. The approved ROD with this goal will be the basis for remedial design (RD). The RD work plan (RDWP) is composed of six chapters. An introductory chapter describes the purpose and scope of the RDWP, the selected remedy as identified by the ROD; the roles and responsibilities of the RD team members, and the site background information, including site history, contaminants of concern, and site characteristics. Chapter 2 contains the design objectives, RD approach, regulatory considerations during RD, and the design criteria with assumptions. Chapter 3 presents the RD planning process to prepare this RDWP, as well as secondary RD support plans. Chapter 4 describes the scope of the RD activities in more detail and identifies what will be included in the design package. Chapter 5 presents the schedule for performance of the RD activities, identifying key RD milestones. Specific documents used in the preparation of this document are referenced in Chapter 6.

NONE

1996-02-01

338

Contentious issues in research on trafficked women working in the sex industry: Study design, ethics, and methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trafficking of women and children for work in the globalized sex industry is a global social problem. Quality data is needed to provide a basis for legislation, policy, and programs, but first, numerous research design, ethical, and methodological problems must be addressed. Research design issues in studying women trafficked for sex work (WTSW) include how to (a) develop coalitions

Julie Cwikel; Elizabeth Hoban

2005-01-01

339

NASA Now: Engineering Design: Tilt Rotors, Aircraft of the Future - Duration: 6:09.  

NASA Video Gallery

Meet Carl Russell, a research aerospace engineer who is working on developing new innovations for air travel. Russell discusses how tilt rotors work, including a demonstration on how rotors use Ber...

340

Generation Y in healthcare: the need for new socio-technical consideration for future technology design in healthcare.  

PubMed

While identifying reasons for the failure of information communication technology (ICT) to transform the healthcare system and constructing models of better designed technology with socio-technical integration is relatively straightforward, implementing these solutions into the rapidly changing medical world has proven considerably more difficult. From a technologist's perspective, the promise of technology remains powerful. New technologies, with high level of socio-technical integration have long been considered as one of the most important factors to transform the medical world in order to deliver better and safer care. From the socio-cultural perspective, however, there is an equally powerful force, which has largely been ignored by the greater community: the entry of generation Y into the healthcare system. Generation Y has generated significant changes in many other industries. This powerful socio-cultural change within the healthcare system needs to be more clearly investigated to guide the design and implementation of sociotechnical integrated ICT solutions. This research-in -progress paper presents a methodological approach that both generates an in-depth understanding of generation Y and illuminates criteria that can be used to meaningfully identify the guiding principles for future socio-technical integrated ICT design and implementation. It aims to make a significant contribution to the field of socio-technical approach to ICT design by alluding the audience to this new generation Y phenomenon in healthcare. It provides some preliminary data to support the need to consider generation Y in future ICT design in healthcare. PMID:17917191

Mills, Erin; Airey, Caroline; Yee, Kwang Chien

2007-01-01

341

Design of a Slowed-Rotor Compound Helicopter for Future Joint Service Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A slowed-rotor compound helicopter has been synthesized using the NASA Design and Analysis of Rotorcraft (NDARC) conceptual design software. An overview of the design process and the capabilities of NDARC are presented. The benefits of trading rotor speed, wing-rotor lift share, and trim strategies are presented for an example set of sizing conditions and missions.

Silva, Christopher; Yeo, Hyeonsoo; Johnson, Wayne R.

2010-01-01

342

Software Design and Architecture The once and future focus of software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of software has been a focus of software engineering research since the field's beginning. This paper explores key aspects of this research focus and shows why design will remain a principal focus. The intrinsic elements of software design, both process and product, are discussed: concept formation, use of ex- perience, and means for representation, reasoning, and directing the

Richard N. Taylor; André Van Der Hoek

2007-01-01

343

The Open Workshop on Decision-Based Design: Origin, Status, Promise, and Future  

E-print Network

between theories in other disciplines, included and related to decision-making, and design to determine the roles of decision-making, decision theories, and decision support tools in design theory a sound theory of DBD, · determine the proper role of decision-making in design, · develop consensus

Chen, Wei

344

Design, conduct and analysis of surveys on work-related asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Surveys on work-related asthma serve public health investigation, research on exposure-response relations, screening for pre-clinical\\u000a disease, and demonstrations of effectiveness of interventions. Hypotheses dictate survey design, which include cross-sectional,\\u000a case-control, cohort, and intervention studies. Tools for characterizing medical risk factors and outcomes include questionnaires,\\u000a spirometry, tests of bronchial hyperreactivity, exhaled indices, induced sputum, immunological tests, and nasal inflammatory\\u000a indices. An

Kathleen Kreiss; Dick Heederik

345

The Future of Low-Wage Jobs: Case Studies in the Retail Industry. IEE Working Paper No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future of low-wage jobs is examined through a case study of firm restructuring in the retail industry. The study confirms that the retailing sector has come to be dominated by the Wal-Mart model, which emphasizes an efficient technology-driven inventory management system and a human resource approach that includes the following elements:…

Bernhardt, Annette

346

The Future Compatible Campus. Planning, Designing, and Implementing Information Technology in the Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 16 monographs centers around the theme the "future compatible campus," which is based on the premise that higher education will become a "connected campus" in a technology-enabled environment consisting of three components: connected learning, connected service to the community; and connected management. In Part 1, titled "The…

Oblinger, Diana G., Ed.; Rush, Sean C., Ed.

347

IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 4th Quarter 20062 he trend in designing future global communication net-  

E-print Network

in the future global communication infra- structure [1­3]. First-generation satellite-based communica- tion these requirements, a new generation of satel- lite communications (SATCOM) networks, called broadband satelliteStar) are exam- ples of this generation of satellite communication networks [1]. These satellite communication

Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

348

Development of Advanced Technologies to Reduce Design, Fabrication and Construction Costs for Future Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 This report presents a summation of the third and final year of a three-year investigation into methods and technologies for substantially reducing the capital costs and total schedule for future nuclear plants. In addition, this is the final technical report for the three-year period of studies.

Camillo A. DiNunzio Framatome ANP DE& S; Dr. Abhinav Gupta Assistant Professor NCSU; Dr. Michael Golay Professor MIT Dr. Vincent Luk Sandia National Laboratories; Rich Turk Westinghouse Electric Company Nuclear Systems; Charles Morrow, Sandia National Laboratories; Geum-Taek Jin, Korea Power Engineering Company Inc.

2002-11-30

349

Making the Past Relevant to Future Generations. The Work of the Anne Frank House in Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides the context and outlines the barriers and opportunities for developing promising Holocaust education programmes in Latin America, especially working with diverse communities and societies. In particular, the conflictual history of Latin American and recent democratization processes present opportunities for educational work. It…

Chyrikins, Mariela; Vieyra, Magdalena

2010-01-01

350

Mental health practice in primary care: Some perspectives concerning the future of social work in organized delivery systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise of managed care as the dominant form of healthcare delivery in the U.S. clearly has dramatic implications for the profession of social work. Thus far and for good reasons, the professional dialog about managed care has largely focused on . the threats posed to the professional agenda of social work by managed care in its various forms. This

Gunnar Almgren

1998-01-01

351

The Pathway Program: How a Collaborative, Distributed Learning Program Showed Us the Future of Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a three-campus collaborative, distributed learning program that delivers social work education to remote rural and desert communities in California via distance learning modalities. This "Pathway Program" provides accredited social work education for a career ladder beginning with advising and developing an academic…

Morris, Teresa; Mathias, Christine; Swartz, Ronnie; Jones, Celeste A; Klungtvet-Morano, Meka

2013-01-01

352

NASA Now: Technology and Design: The Future of Space Exploration - Duration: 6:10.  

NASA Video Gallery

John Connolly, deputy manager of the Exploration Missions and Systems Office, describes the physics and environmental differences engineers must consider when designing crewed exploration missions ...

353

Exploration and assessment of the environmental design space for commercial aircraft and future technologies  

E-print Network

Design and regulatory initiatives for aircraft noise and emissions should appreciate the integrated nature of the aircraft system. The computational ability exists to consider environmental and traditional performance ...

Barter, Garrett E. (Garrett Ehud), 1979-

2004-01-01

354

Biological Mechanisms Underlying the Relationship between Stress and Smoking: State of the Science and Directions for Future Work  

PubMed Central

Theories of addiction implicate stress as a crucial mechanism underlying initiation, maintenance, and relapse to cigarette smoking. Examinations of the biological stress systems, including functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the autonomic nervous system (ANS), have provided additional insights into the relationship between stress and smoking. To date, convergent data suggests that chronic cigarette smoking is associated with alterations in HPA and ANS functioning; however, less is known about the role of HPA and ANS functioning in smoking initiation and relapse following cessation. In order to organize existing findings and stimulate future research, the current paper summarizes the available literature on the roles of HPA axis and ANS functioning in the relationship between stress and cigarette smoking, highlights limitations within the existing literature, and suggests directions for future research to address unanswered questions in the extant literature on the biological mechanisms underlying the relationship between stress and smoking. PMID:21741435

Richards, Jessica; Stipelman, Brooke A.; Bornovalova, Marina A.; Daughters, Stacey; Sinha, Rajita; Lejuez, C.W.

2011-01-01

355

Technology?Supported Learning and Teaching in Social Work in the UK—A Critical Overview of the Past, Present and Possible Futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the authors' extensive involvement in e?learning development activities in social care and social work education since the 1990s to explore trends and developments in uptake of technologies for learning and teaching.The paper utilises predictions of papers and reports written between five and ten years ago to critically reflect on past, present and possible future developments for technology

Julia Waldman; Jackie Rafferty

2008-01-01

356

Design of Two RadWorks Storm Shelters for Solar Particle Event Shielding  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to enable long-duration human exploration beyond low-Earth orbit, the risks associated with exposure of astronaut crews to space radiation must be mitigated with practical and affordable solutions. The space radiation environment beyond the magnetosphere is primarily a combination of two types of radiation: galactic cosmic rays (GCR) and solar particle events (SPE). While mitigating GCR exposure remains an open issue, reducing astronaut exposure to SPEs is achievable through material shielding because they are made up primarily of medium-energy protons. In order to ensure astronaut safety for long durations beyond low-Earth orbit, SPE radiation exposure must be mitigated. However, the increasingly demanding spacecraft propulsive performance for these ambitious missions requires minimal mass and volume radiation shielding solutions which leverage available multi-functional habitat structures and logistics as much as possible. This paper describes the efforts of NASA's RadWorks Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Project to design two minimal mass SPE radiation shelter concepts leveraging available resources: one based upon reconfiguring habitat interiors to create a centralized protection area and one based upon augmenting individual crew quarters with waterwalls and logistics. Discussion items include the design features of the concepts, a radiation analysis of their implementations, an assessment of the parasitic mass of each concept, and the result of a human in the loop evaluation performed to drive out design and operational issues.

Simon, Matthew; Cerro, Jeffery; Latorella, Kara; Clowdsley, Martha; Watson, Judith; Albertson, Cindy; Norman, Ryan; Le Boffe, Vincent; Walker, Steven

2014-01-01

357

Summary Report of the Series of Joint NSF-EU Working Groups on Future Directions for Digital Libraries Research: October 12, 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Union and the National Science Foundation have been collaborating on a joint international project to identify future research directions and funding priorities for digital libraries. Five working groups were established to explore specific research areas: Intellectual Property and Economics, Global Resource Discovery, Interoperability, Metadata, and Multilingual Information Access. At their most recent workshop in October 1998, the five working groups presented recommendations based on their studies, the results of which are outlined in this Summary Report (available in HTML, Word, and .pdf). The final reports from each of the five working groups are expected to be published in early 1999. The collaborative work on digital libraries by the National Science Foundation and the European Union is described briefly in the Summary of Research Agenda. Also included here are links to European digital library research and initiatives.

1998-01-01

358

The Brownies' Book (1920-1921): Exploring the Past to Elucidate the Future of Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates culture-based instructional design in its purest form through "The Brownies' Book", a children's periodical produced from 1920 to 1921. Methodologies of examination include historical analysis and critical discourse analysis grounded in a Foucaultian framework. The findings extrapolated from the design of "The Brownies'…

Young, Patricia A.

2009-01-01

359

Quantifying the mechanical properties of human skin to optimise future microneedle device design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microneedle devices are a promising minimally invasive means of delivering drugs\\/vaccines across or into the skin. However, there is currently a diversity of microneedle designs and application methods that have, primarily, been intuitively developed by the research community. To enable the rational design of optimised microneedle devices, a greater understanding of human skin biomechanics under small deformations is required. This

R. B. Groves; S. A. Coulman; J. C. Birchall; S. L. Evans

2011-01-01

360

Quantifying the mechanical properties of human skin to optimise future microneedle device design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microneedle devices are a promising minimally invasive means of delivering drugs\\/vaccines across or into the skin. However, there is currently a diversity of microneedle designs and application methods that have, primarily, been intuitively developed by the research community. To enable the rational design of optimised microneedle devices, a greater understanding of human skin biomechanics under small deformations is required. This

R. B. Groves; S. A. Coulman; J. C. Birchall; S. L. Evans

2012-01-01

361

Secured by design - learning from the past to secure the future!  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Secured by Design (SBD) scheme is a United Kingdom police crime prevention initiative in which the police inspect building designs and recommend actions to 'prevent crime'. If those recommended actions are implemented, the scheme is awarded the police SBD logo that suggests the buildings are approved by the police as being secure. The scheme has been in operation for

T. Pascoe

2001-01-01

362

Staying True to the Core: Designing the Future Academic Library Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2014, the practice of user experience design in academic libraries continues to evolve. It is typically applied in the context of interactions with digital interfaces. Some academic librarians are applying user experience approaches more broadly to design both environments and services with human-centered strategies. As the competition for the…

Bell, Steven J.

2014-01-01

363

Designing a memorial place: Continuing care, passage landscapes and future memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and selection of a memorial stone and the site of the grave, both of which represent the deceased, can be a central issue for people bereaved by traffic accidents. This was revealed in an interview survey of recent Swedish roadside memorials and other memorial places. In this article we consider the design and selection of the memorial stone

Anna Petersson; Carola Wingren

2011-01-01

364

Future directions: advances and implications of virtual environments designed for pain management.  

PubMed

Pain symptoms have been addressed with a variety of therapeutic measures in the past, but as we look to the future, we begin encountering new options for patient care and individual health and well-being. Recent studies indicate that computer-generated graphic environments--virtual reality (VR)--can offer effective cognitive distractions for individuals suffering from pain arising from a variety of physical and psychological illnesses. Studies also indicate the effectiveness of VR for both chronic and acute pain conditions. Future possibilities for VR to address pain-related concerns include such diverse groups as military personnel, space exploration teams, the general labor force, and our ever increasing elderly population. VR also shows promise to help in such areas as drug abuse, at-home treatments, and athletic injuries. PMID:24892206

Wiederhold, Brenda K; Soomro, Ahmad; Riva, Giuseppe; Wiederhold, Mark D

2014-06-01

365

Digital Autopilot Design and Evaluation for FAMMS (Future Army Modular Missile System)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In late 1978, the U. S. Army Missile Command (MICOM) began a task to develop an advanced G&C system for Future Army Modular Missiles (FAMMS). G&C systems were scheduled for investigation and evaluation in a six-degree-of-freedom digital simulation which models a high perfomance air defense interceptor. The FAMMS interceptor initially had an analog autopilot with a rate command switching to

Marlon L. Butler; Harold L. Pastrick

1983-01-01

366

An overview of RDF processing systems: Current status, design features, and future trends  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the recent history of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) processing facilities in the United States. The current status of these facilities, including environmental, institutional, and economic considerations is discussed. The unit operations used to produce a desired RDF product are described, and the future potential of RDF processing systems is evaluated. Current research sponsored by the US Department of Energy is also presented. 6 refs., 3 figs., 8 tabs.

Ohlsson, O.O. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Walter, D.K. (USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Waste Material Management Div.); Goodman, B.J. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (United States))

1991-01-01

367

Manned remote work station development article. Volume 1, book 2, appendix B: Trade and design definition studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System trades, evaluations, and selection were organized under the appropriate manned remote work station roles and subsystems. Those trades/evaluations that have an impact on simulator fidelity were given emphasis in terms of identifying alternate concepts, making a selection, and defining the system approach. Those trades that do not impact simulator fidelity have the issues delineated and future study requirements identified.

1979-01-01

368

The next breakthrough in LAM clinical trials may be their design: challenges in design and execution of future LAM clinical trials.  

PubMed

The past decade has resulted in stunning progress in the pathogenesis and therapy of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), culminating in the pivotal 'MILES' trial, the first-ever randomized, placebo-controlled trial in LAM, demonstrating the efficacy of sirolimus in 2011. Here, we review clinical progress since 2011, focusing on new therapeutic and observational trials. These trials include the second randomized, placebo-controlled trial, a 2-year study of doxycycline effectiveness in LAM. Other clinical studies have addressed lower-dose sirolimus and treatment of pulmonary hypertension. An improved understanding of LAM pathogenesis is essential to future therapeutic breakthroughs. Critical questions that remain to be addressed include the role of estrogen and lymphangiogenesis in LAM pathogenesis and therapy, mechanisms of cystic lung destruction, the role of autophagy and pro-survival pathways in LAM cell survival. Ultimately, achieving future 'breakthroughs' in LAM will require continued rigorous basic and preclinical investigation, innovative clinical trial design and robust biomarkers. PMID:25757365

El-Chemaly, Souheil; Henske, Elizabeth P

2015-04-01

369

The Euratom Fast Collar (EFC): A Safeguards Instrument Design to Address Future Fuel Measurement Challenges  

SciTech Connect

Summary of this presentation: (1) EFC instrument design for {sup 235}U verification measurements issued to EURATOM to issue a call for commercial tender; (2) Achieved a fast (Cd mode) measurement with less than 2% relative uncertainty in the doubles neutron counting rate in 10 minutes using a standard source strength; (3) Assay time in fast mode consistent with the needs of an inspector; (4) Extended to realistic calibration range for modern fuel designs - Relatively insensitive to gadolinia content for fuel designs with up to 32 burnable poison rods and 15 wt % gadolinia concentration, which is a realistic maximum for modern PWR fuel; (5) Improved performance over the standard thermal neutron collar with greater than twice the efficiency of the original design; (6) Novel tube pattern to reduce the impact of accidental pile-up; and (7) Joint test of prototype unit - EURATOM-LANL.

Evans, Louise [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browne, Michael C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-13

370

Risk Management in Product Design: Current State, Conceptual Model and Future Research  

E-print Network

Risk management is an important element of product design. It helps to minimize the project- and product-related risks such as project budget and schedule overrun, or missing product cost and quality targets. Risk management ...

Oehmen, Josef

371

Meta-design: A Framework for the Future of End-User Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world that is not predictable, improvisation, evolution, and innovation are more than a luxury: they are a necessity.\\u000a The challenge of design is not a matter of getting rid of the emergent, but rather of including it and making it an opportunity\\u000a for more creative and more adequate solutions to problems.\\u000a \\u000a Meta-design is an emerging conceptual framework aimed

Gerhard Fischer; Elisa Giaccardi

372

Wireless Intelligent ATM Network and Protocol Design for Future Personal Communication Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the wireless intelligent ATM (WIATM) network, designed to provide wireless broadband integrated services. The WIATM network takes advantage of the ATM-cell relay paradigm for integrated services through a radio link with quality of service (QoS) guarantee. The design of the WIATM network architecture is an independent wireless network, which is consistent with the inherent cellular\\/PCS network architecture,

Fang-chen Cheng; Jack M. Holtzman

1997-01-01

373

Design and evaluation of FDDI fiber optics networkfor Ethernets, VAX's and Ingraph work stations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this project is to design and evaluate the FDDI Fiber Optics Network for Ethernets, VAX's, and Ingraph work stations. From the KSC Headquarters communication requirement, it would be necessary to develop the FDDI network based on IEEE Standards outlined in the ANSI X3T9.5, Standard 802.3 and 802.5 topology - direct link via intermediate concentrator and bridge/router access. This analysis should examine the major factors that influence the operating conditions of the Headquarters Fiber plant. These factors would include, but are not limited to the interconnecting devices such as repeaters, bridges, routers and many other relevant or significant FDDI characteristics. This analysis is needed to gain a better understanding of overall FDDI performance.

Wernicki, M. Chris

1992-01-01

374

Public Health Preparedness and Response to Chemical and Radiological Incidents: Functions, Practices, and Areas for Future Work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 66 page report released in August 2009 looks into the world of public health emergency preparedness, and for those persons who work in the fields of emergency response policy, public health, or security studies, this work will be most timely. Authored by five researchers at the RAND Corporation this technical report looks into "the roles of the public health service in emergency preparedness and its response to chemical and radiological incidents." The report is divided into four chapters, two appendices, and a references section. As events like nuclear plant accidents, chemical terrorism, and other related occurrences can have tremendous implications for public health, the report is most valuable.

LaTourrette, Tom

375

Cost efficiency as design and selection criterion for future launch vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

First, the actual change of paradigm for launch systems development is discussed: a future new launch vehicle program will require a clear economic justification, different from that in the past where military requirements, technology demonstration and national prestige were the prime drivers. For the approval of a new vehicle development funding, the following requirements probably need to be fulfilled: The specific transportation cost must be lower (i.e. 50% or less) than those of existing systems, and the development cost is to be minimized by modern cost engineering and management principles. These ground rules are valid both for new Expendable Launch Vehicles (ELVs) as well as for Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLVs). For Europe, the GTO mission for the launch of geosynchronous satellites is still the prime requirement for the next generation launch system after ARIANE 5. This more complex mission (compared to the previously assumed Low Earth Orbit (LEO) target) makes the definition of the most cost-efficient concept a challenge. Several technical options are feasible. One important factor is the payload capability to be specified: a larger payload (with dual launch capability) reduces the specific transportation cost but increases the vehicle size and the required development effort. These effects are shown in the paper, as well as the impact of the launch rate (annual number of launches) on the specific transportation cost. It is further shown which cost reductions could be expected in principle for future Geo Transfer Orbit (GTO) launch systems, depending on the vehicle concept, the payload capability and launch rate.

Koelle, Dietrich E.

2005-07-01

376

Possible Futures for Social Work with Children and Families in Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been considerable interest in recent years in comparing the operation of social work services for children and families internationally, particularly between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States. Reviewing the respective policy environments and drawing on recent research experience in these three nations, the author…

Spratt, Trevor

2008-01-01

377

The Family. Preserving America's Future. A Report to the President from the White House Working Group on the Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The White House Working Group on the Family was mandated to study how government at all levels could be made supportive of American families (i.e., how a pro-family policy could be implemented). This report on the status of family life in the United States opens with guidelines by which to judge public policy and its effects on the family. The…

Domestic Policy Council, Washington, DC.

378

Future Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a lesson plan from Metro's environmental planning and transportation curriculum called 'Planning for a Livable Future'. Focuses on activities in which students speculate about necessary structure, imagine the cultural and environmental changes, and design and draw structures to meet the needs of the future population. (Author/KHR)

Clearing, 2003

2003-01-01

379

The Implications of Encoder/Modulator/ Phased Array Designs for Future Broadband LEO Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper we summarize the effects of modulation and channel coding on the design of wide angle scan, broadband, phased army antennas. In the paper we perform several trade studies. First, we investigate the amplifier back-off requirement as a function of variability of modulation envelope. Specifically, we contrast constant and non-constant envelope modulations, as well as single and multiple carrier schemes. Additionally, we address the issues an(f concerns of using pulse shaping filters with the above modulation types. Second, we quantify the effects of beam steering on the quality of data, recovery using selected modulation techniques. In particular, we show that the frequency response of the array introduces intersymbol interference for broadband signals and that the mode of operation for the beam steering controller may introduce additional burst or random errors. Finally, we show that the encoder/modulator design must be performed in conjunction with the phased array antenna design.

Vanderaar, Mark; Jensen, Chris A.; Terry, John D.

1997-01-01

380

Detection of changes in design discharges due to river engineering works by multilinear flow routing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The attenuation of flood waves on alluvial reaches of rivers was often influenced by engineering works carried out mostly during the last century. This study presents a framework that can be used for estimation of changes in design floods in consequence of these works by detecting changes in the travel-time vs. peak discharge relationship and implementing them into a conceptual hydrologic flood routing model. The applicability of the methodology is demonstrated on two case studies on the Morava and Danube Rivers in Slovakia. First empirical data on the travel time of the flood peaks were collected from a set of flood waves from periods before and after the river engineering works had been completed. The patterns observed in the travel-time vs. peak-discharge relationships from both periods were analysed. Next, a multilinear conceptual flow routing model was fitted to larger floods from both periods. The discrete state space representation of the Kalinin-Miljukov model was used as the basis for a multilinear discrete cascade flood routing model of the river reaches studied. The time distribution scheme of the model inputs was employed in the setup of the model. The travel-time parameter of the multilinear model was allowed to vary with the input discharge into the river reach according to a piecewise linear relationship. The shape and parameters of that relationship were estimated by optimisation on the flood waves from the pre- and post-river training periods with the help of a genetic algorithm using the performance of the multilinear model as the optimization criterion. The resulting travel-time vs. discharge relationships were compared against those detected in the empirical data. It was shown that changes in the flood peak travel-times detected by the genetic optimisation of the performance of the multilinear model on a small number of floods exhibit the same tendencies as found in the empirical data. Since the changes detected in the attenuation of floods peaks were included in the parameterisation of the multilinear model, the changes in design floods had been assessed by frequency analysis of flood peaks gained by the simulation of the attenuation of a series of historical flood waves for pre- and post-river training conditions.

Szolgay, J.; Daná?ová, M.; Šúrek, P.

2009-04-01

381

Detectors for Linear Colliders: Detector design for a Future Electron-Positron Collider (4/4)  

ScienceCinema

In this lecture I will discuss the issues related to the overall design and optimization of a detector for ILC and CLIC energies. I will concentrate on the two main detector concepts which are being developed in the context of the ILC. Here there has been much recent progress in developing realistic detector models and in understanding the physics performance of the overall detector concept. In addition, I will discuss the how the differences in the detector requirements for the ILC and CLIC impact the overall detector design.

None

2011-10-06

382

Future needs for inelastic analysis in design of high-temperature nuclear plant components. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

The role that inelastic analyses play in the design of high-temperature nuclear plant components is described. The design methodology, which explicitly accounts for nonlinear material deformation and time-dependent failure modes, requires a significant level of realism in the prediction of structural response. Thus, material deformation and failure modeling are, along with computational procedures, key parts of the methodology. Each of these is briefly discussed along with validation by comparisons with benchmark structural tests, and problem areas and needs are discussed for each.

Corum, J.M.

1980-01-01

383

A PE_PGRS33 protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: an ideal target for future tuberculosis vaccine design.  

PubMed

It is known that cellular immune response is relevant to fight against tuberculosis (TB); hence, identification of mycobacterial antigens that induce a protective immune cellular response is of great interest, especially for the development of effective TB vaccines. Genomic data have an impact on the identification of potential antigens as new vaccine targets. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the advances in new TB vaccine designs as well as the features reported for the pro-glu_polymorphic GC-rich sequence (PE_PGRS33) protein, considering this molecule as a prototype of the PE_PGRS family to better understand the biological function of this protein family that could be considered an ideal target for future vaccine design. PMID:25693607

Gastelum-Aviña, Paola; Velazquez, Carlos; Espitia, Clara; Lares-Villa, Fernando; Garibay-Escobar, Adriana

2015-05-01

384

Fuel-Burn Impact of Re-Designing Future Aircraft with Changes in Mission Specifications  

E-print Network

in the context of technology scenar- ios for which the baseline aircraft are redesigned. The effectiveness to an airline's direct operating cost. In addition, harmful emissions derived from the engine combustion process for variations in the design cruise Mach number, wing span and R1 range. In addition, the effects of improvements

Alonso, Juan J.

385

The Participatory Design of a (Today and) Future Digital Entomology Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article showcases a virtual interactive participatory design activity for building a digital entomology lab. Conceptualized as a virtual complement to a general entomology course at Kansas State University, the lab would allow learners to explore morphological aspects of insects--their various forms and functions--in order to understand…

Hai-Jew, Shalin

2011-01-01

386

A New Technology-First Framework for the Future Design of Online Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses online technologies and distance education and suggests that combining distributed learning and a technology-first approach for instructional design could produce a new framework that would begin with the nature of the technology as its central assumption. Describes the present framework of the virtual classroom and considers the nature…

Harvey, Douglas

2002-01-01

387

Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (FARV) conceptual fuel system design. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document presents an idealized automated fuel system applicable to unique requirements. The system accepts fuel at high rates, transports fuel in a battlefield environment, and supplies fuel to a vehicle equipped to receive it without exposing the crew to small arms fire. The fuel system design incorporates controls and mechanisms which compensate for battle damage and irregularities found in

R. R. Daubert; E. C. Fisher; W. K. Moore; N. C. Munro

1995-01-01

388

DESIGNS FOR THE FUTURE: BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN ASSESSMENT OF CONDITION AND DIAGNOSIS OF IMPAIRMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

As the EPA, states, and tribes move towards a consolidated assessment and listing process to satisfy requirements of the Clean Water Act, multi-purpose monitoring designs will be needed to assess regional condition as well as predict site-specific probabilities of impairment. Th...

389

New Australian High School Represents the Future of Education Facility Design: Kingston High School, Tasmania, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The brief from local government called for an environmentally sustainable school that establishes new models for excellence in curriculum, teaching, and learning. With its visionary sine wave design concept, flexible learning areas, shared community spaces and "extensive" green roof system--a first for an Australian school--the new $33 million…

Deni, Adriano

2012-01-01

390

Designing serious video games for health behavior change: Current status and future directions  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Serious video games for health are designed to entertain while changing a specific health behavior. This article identifies behavioral principles that can guide the development of serious video games focused on changing a variety of health behaviors, including those attempting to decrease risk of o...

391

Visualizing the Future of Research on Post Secondary Correctional Education: Designs, Data, and Deliverables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing post-secondary education in correctional settings has emerged as one of the best ways to reduce recidivism, save taxpayer dollars, and promote post release employment and community reintegration. While a number of studies exist, this paper argues persistent challenges connected to research design, data collection, and the communication…

Wheeldon, J.

2011-01-01

392

Behavior Breakthroughs[TM]: Future Teachers Reflect on a Focused Game Designed to Teach ABA Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the use of a focused educational game. The game, "Behavior Breakthroughs"[TM], was created to teach people that work with children with autism, appropriate behavior management techniques. A group of undergraduate, teacher education students played the game and provided feedback on their experiences.

Lowdermilk, John; Martinez, Deborah; Pecina, Julie; Beccera, Lisa; Lowdermilk, Carey

2012-01-01

393

Design of Ultra-High-Power-Density Machine Optimized for Future Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch is developing a compact, nonpolluting, bearingless electric machine with electric power supplied by fuel cells for future "more-electric" aircraft with specific power in the projected range of 50 hp/lb, whereas conventional electric machines generate usually 0.2 hp/lb. The use of such electric drives for propulsive fans or propellers depends on the successful development of ultra-high-power-density machines. One possible candidate for such ultra-high-power-density machines, a round-rotor synchronous machine with an engineering current density as high as 20,000 A/sq cm, was selected to investigate how much torque and power can be produced.

Choi, Benjamin B.

2004-01-01

394

Nuclear Energy Research Initiative. Risk Informed Assessment of Regulatory and Design Requirements for Future Nuclear Power Plants. Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-informed approach for the design and regulation of nuclear power plants. This approach will include the development and.lor confirmation of corresponding regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major impediment to long term competitiveness of new nuclear plants in the U.S. is the capital cost component--which may need to be reduced on the order of 35% to 40% for Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWRs) such as System 80+ and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR). The required cost reduction for an ALWR such as AP600 or AP1000 would be expected to be less. Such reductions in capital cost will require a fundamental reevaluation of the industry standards and regulatory bases under which nuclear plants are designed and licensed. Fortunately, there is now an increasing awareness that many of the existing regulatory requirements and industry standards are not significantly contributing to safety and reliability and, therefore, are unnecessarily adding to nuclear plant costs. Not only does this degrade the economic competitiveness of nuclear energy, it results in unnecessary costs to the American electricity consumer. While addressing these concerns, this research project will be coordinated with current efforts of industry and NRC to develop risk-informed, performance-based regulations that affect the operation of the existing nuclear plants; however, this project will go farther by focusing on the design of new plants.

Ritterbusch, S.E.

2000-08-01

395

7.09 ERGONOMIC ANALYSIS IN ORDER TO DESIGN A WORK HELP TOOL : SIGOONS Corinne Chabaud & Sandrine Cazabat  

E-print Network

7.09 ERGONOMIC ANALYSIS IN ORDER TO DESIGN A WORK HELP TOOL : SIGOONS Corinne Chabaud & Sandrine. INTRODUCTION This study issue is ergonomics part in design processes. We will describe how ergonomics tackle results and ambitions. 2. CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES 2. 1 Context The present ergonomic study has been

Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba

396

Optimized design of a heat exchanger for an air-to-water reversible heat pump working with propane (R290)  

E-print Network

Optimized design of a heat exchanger for an air-to-water reversible heat pump working with propane-to-water reversible heat pump unit was carried out using two different fin-and-tube heat exchanger ``coil'' designs of Performance; Heat exchangers 1. Introduction Due to ozone depletion that leads to global warming effects

Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

397

Fridge of the future: Designing a one-kilowatt-hour\\/day domestic refrigerator-freezer  

Microsoft Academic Search

An industry\\/government Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was established to evaluate and test design concepts for a domestic refrigerator-freezer unit that represents approximately 60% of the US market. The goal of the CRADA was to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50 percent, the 1993 NAECA standard energy consumption for a 20 ft³ (570 I) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For

E. A. Vineyard; J. R. Sand

1998-01-01

398

The future is now: Model-based clinical trial design for Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

Failures in trials for Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be attributable to inadequate dosing, population selection, drug inefficacy, or insufficient design optimization. The Coalition Against Major Diseases (CAMD) was formed in 2008 to develop drug development tools (DDT) to expedite drug development for AD and Parkinson's disease.(1) CAMD led a process that successfully advanced a clinical trial simulation (CTS) tool for AD through the formal regulatory review process at the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA). PMID:25669145

Romero, K; Ito, K; Rogers, Ja; Polhamus, D; Qiu, R; Stephenson, D; Mohs, R; Lalonde, R; Sinha, V; Wang, Y; Brown, D; Isaac, M; Vamvakas, S; Hemmings, R; Pani, L; Bain, Lj; Corrigan, B

2015-03-01

399

Integrating Materials, Manufacturing, Design and Validation for Sustainability in Future Transport Systems  

SciTech Connect

The predictive methods currently used for material specification, component design and the development of manufacturing processes, need to evolve beyond the current 'metal centric' state of the art, if advanced composites are to realise their potential in delivering sustainable transport solutions. There are however, significant technical challenges associated with this process. Deteriorating environmental, political, economic and social conditions across the globe have resulted in unprecedented pressures to improve the operational efficiency of the manufacturing sector generally and to change perceptions regarding the environmental credentials of transport systems in particular. There is a need to apply new technologies and develop new capabilities to ensure commercial sustainability in the face of twenty first century economic and climatic conditions as well as transport market demands. A major technology gap exists between design, analysis and manufacturing processes in both the OEMs, and the smaller companies that make up the SME based supply chain. As regulatory requirements align with environmental needs, manufacturers are increasingly responsible for the broader lifecycle aspects of vehicle performance. These include not only manufacture and supply but disposal and re-use or re-cycling. In order to make advances in the reduction of emissions coupled with improved economic efficiency through the provision of advanced lightweight vehicles, four key challenges are identified as follows: Material systems, Manufacturing systems, Integrated design methods using digital manufacturing tools and Validation systems. This paper presents a project which has been designed to address these four key issues, using at its core, a digital framework for the creation and management of key parameters related to the lifecycle performance of thermoplastic composite parts and structures. It aims to provide capability for the proposition, definition, evaluation and demonstration of advanced lightweight structures for new generation vehicles in the context of whole life performance parameters.

Price, M. A.; Murphy, A.; Butterfield, J.; McCool, R.; Fleck, R. [CEIAT, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Queens University, Belfast (United Kingdom)

2011-05-04

400

Quantifying the mechanical properties of human skin to optimise future microneedle device design.  

PubMed

Microneedle devices are a promising minimally invasive means of delivering drugs/vaccines across or into the skin. However, there is currently a diversity of microneedle designs and application methods that have, primarily, been intuitively developed by the research community. To enable the rational design of optimised microneedle devices, a greater understanding of human skin biomechanics under small deformations is required. This study aims to develop a representative stratified model of human skin, informed by in vivo data. A multilayer finite element model incorporating the epidermis, dermis and hypodermis was established. This was correlated with a series of in-vivo indentation measurements, and the Ogden material coefficients were optimised using a material parameter extraction algorithm. The finite element simulation was subsequently used to model microneedle application to human skin before penetration and was validated by comparing these predictions with the in-vivo measurements. Our model has provided an excellent tool to predict micron-scale human skin deformation in vivo and is currently being used to inform optimised microneedle designs. PMID:21749225

Groves, R B; Coulman, S A; Birchall, J C; Evans, S L

2012-01-01

401

Fridge of the future: Designing a one-kilowatt-hour/day domestic refrigerator-freezer  

SciTech Connect

An industry/government Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was established to evaluate and test design concepts for a domestic refrigerator-freezer unit that represents approximately 60% of the US market. The goal of the CRADA was to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50 percent, the 1993 NAECA standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 I) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translated to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research was to facilitate the introduction of cost-efficient technologies by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. A 1996 model refrigerator-freezer was selected as the baseline unit for testing. Since the unit was required to meet the 1993 NAECA standards, the energy consumption was quite low (1.676 kWh/d), thus making further reductions in energy consumption very challenging. Among the energy saving features incorporated into the original design of the baseline unit were a low-wattage evaporator fan, increased insulation thicknesses, and liquid line flange heaters.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

1998-03-01

402

The Education of Future Aeronautical Engineers: Conceiving, Designing, Implementing and Operating  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper will outline answers to the two central questions regarding improving engineering education: (1) What is the full set of knowledge, skills, and attitudes that engineering students should possess as they leave the university, and at what level of proficiency? (2) How can we do better at ensuring that students learn these skills? The suggested answers lie within an innovative educational framework, the CDIO (conceive-design-implement-operate) Initiative. This initiative will be described along with the needs it meets, its goals, context, vision and pedagogical foundation. The first question is answered by the CDIO Syllabus and the process for reaching stakeholder consensus on the level of proficiency that students should attain in a given program. The second question is addressed through a best practice framework, which discusses curriculum design, design-implement experiences, teaching and learning, student assessment, program evaluation and faculty competence. Examples are provided of the implementation of best practices within the CDIO program in Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Crawley, Edward F.; Brodeur, Doris R.; Soderholm, Diane H.

2008-04-01

403

300-FF-1 remedial design report/remedial action work plan  

SciTech Connect

The 300 Area has been divided into three operable units 300-FF-1, 300-FF-2, and 300-FF-5 all of which are in various stages of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) process. The 300-FF-1 Operable Unit, the subject of this report, includes liquid waste disposal sites, landfills, and a burial ground. This Remedial Design Report/Remedial Action Work Plan (RDR/RAWP) provides a summary description of each waste site included in the 300-FF-1 Operable Unit, the basis for remedial actions to be taken, and the remedial action approach and management process for implementing these actions. The remedial action approach and management sections provide a description of the remedial action process description, the project schedule, the project team, required planning documentation, the remedial action change process, the process for verifying attainment of the remedial action goals, and the required CERCLA and RCRA closeout documentation. Appendix A provides additional details on each waste site. In addition to remediation of the waste sites, waste generated during the remedial investigation/feasibility study portions of the project will also be disposed at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF). Appendix B provides a summary of the modeling performed in the 300-FF-1 Phase 3 FS and a description of the modeling effort to be used to show attainment of the remedial action goals. Appendix C provides the sampling and analysis plan (SAP) for all sampling and field-screening activities performed during remediation and for verification of attainment with the remedial action goals. Appendix D provides the public involvement plan, prepared to ensure information is provided to the public during remedial design and remedial action processes.

Gustafson, F.W.

1997-02-01

404

Working with Kolya Uraltsev for twenty-five years about Fundamental Dynamics & Symmetries and for the future -- like CP Violation & EDMs  

E-print Network

Working with Kolya Uraltsev was a real `marvel' for me about CP & T violation, QCD & its impact on transitions in heavy flavor hadrons, EDMs. The goal was -- and still is -- to define fundamental parameters dynamics, how to measure them and compare SM forces with New Dynamics using the best theoretical tools including our brains. The correlations of them with accurate data were crucial for Kolya. Here is a review of CP asymmetries in $B$ & $D$ mesons and $\\tau$ decays, the impact of perturbative and non-perturbative QCD, about EDMs till 2013 -- and for the future.

I. I. Bigi

2015-02-25

405

Design of an ultra low power CMOS pixel sensor for a future neutron personal dosimeter  

SciTech Connect

Despite a continuously increasing demand, neutron electronic personal dosimeters (EPDs) are still far from being completely established because their development is a very difficult task. A low-noise, ultra low power consumption CMOS pixel sensor for a future neutron personal dosimeter has been implemented in a 0.35 {mu}m CMOS technology. The prototype is composed of a pixel array for detection of charged particles, and the readout electronics is integrated on the same substrate for signal processing. The excess electrons generated by an impinging particle are collected by the pixel array. The charge collection time and the efficiency are the crucial points of a CMOS detector. The 3-D device simulations using the commercially available Synopsys-SENTAURUS package address the detailed charge collection process. Within a time of 1.9 {mu}s, about 59% electrons created by the impact particle are collected in a cluster of 4 x 4 pixels with the pixel pitch of 80 {mu}m. A charge sensitive preamplifier (CSA) and a shaper are employed in the frond-end readout. The tests with electrical signals indicate that our prototype with a total active area of 2.56 x 2.56 mm{sup 2} performs an equivalent noise charge (ENC) of less than 400 e - and 314 {mu}W power consumption, leading to a promising prototype. (authors)

Zhang, Y.; Hu-Guo, C.; Husson, D.; Hu, Y. [Institut Pluridisplinaire Hubert Curien IPHC, Univ. of Strasbourg, CNRS/IN2P3, 23 Rue du Loess, 67037 Strasbourg (France)

2011-07-01

406

Linking Work Design and Corporate Social Responsibility Through an Exploratory Model for the Interdependency of Work Characteristics and Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation  

E-print Network

, some researchers have argued that organizations should consider work designs that promote and foster desirable behaviors in executives (Piccolo et al., 2010; Summers, Munyon, Perryman & Ferris, 2010) and increase prosocial motives among public... behaviors (Anderson & Williams, 1996; Gagn?, 2003; Grant, 2008c) but no effect on organizational citizenship 6 behavior (Chiu, & Chen, 2005), even though prosocial behavior and organizational citizenship behavior are both behaviors similar to CSRO...

Kurup, Priya Darshini

2012-02-14

407

The past, present, and future of head-mounted display designs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Head-mounted displays present a relatively mature option for augmenting the visual field of a potentially mobile user. Ideally, one would wish for such capability to exist without the need to wear any view-aided device. However, unless a display system could be created in space, anywhere and anytime, a simple solution is to wear the display. We review in this paper the fundamentals of head-mounted displays including image sources and HMD optical designs. We further point out promising research directions that will play a key role towards the seamless integration between the virtually superimposed computer graphics objects and the tangible world around us.

Rolland, Jannick P.; Cakmakci, Ozan

2005-02-01

408

Business template generation for supporting collaborative design works in mould companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competitive and dynamically changing markets make design collaboration in a CSCW system essential for the mould industry. Design processes including design of a target product, parts, and assembly are essential in mould creation. Even though many systems supporting collaborative design have been implemented, they chiefly support technical difficulties from spatial and time differences such as data translation for heterogeneous CAD

Yongju Cho; Kwangyeol Ryu; Jongduk Kim; Sunghee Lee; Choon Seong Leem

2005-01-01

409

Design and analysis of x-ray microscope of four mirrors working at grazing incidence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the latest 20 years, x-ray imaging technology has developed fast in order to meet the need of x-ray photo-etching, spatial exploration technology, high-energy physics, procedure diagnosis of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) etc. But, Since refractive index of materials in the x-ray region is lower than 1, and x-ray is strongly absorbed by the materials, it is very difficult to image objects in the x ray region. Conventional imaging methods are hardly suitable to x-ray range. Generally, grazing reflective imaging and coding aperture imaging methods have been adopted more and more. In this paper, non-coaxial grazing reflective imaging KB and KBA microscope systems are discussed in detail, and an x-ray microscope consisting of four mirrors working at grazing incidence is designed. It is an anastigmatic system, and the oblique angle of the image is evidently decreased. The resolution of 5-7 can be obtained within 2 field of view. And finally we also make analysis of the key problems that are met in the processing of manufacturing this system are analyzed.

Hu, Jiasheng; Zhao, Lingling; Li, Xiang

2006-01-01

410

Remedial design work plan for Lower East Fork Poplar Creek Operable Unit, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

The Remedial Design Work Plan (RDWP) for Lower East Fork Poplar Creek (EFPC) Operable Unit (OU) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. This remedial action fits into the overall Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) cleanup strategy by addressing contaminated floodplain soil. The objective of this remedial action is to minimize the risk to human health and the environment from contaminated soil in the Lower EFPC floodplain pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) (1992). In accordance with the FFA, a remedial investigation (RI) (DOE 1994a) and a feasibility study (DOE 1994b) were conducted to assess contamination of the Lower EFPC and propose remediation alternatives. The remedial investigation determined that the principal contaminant is mercury, which originated from releases during Y-12 Plant operations, primarily between 1953 and 1963. The recommended alternative by the feasibility study was to excavate and dispose of floodplain soils contaminated with mercury above the remedial goal option. Following the remedial investigation/feasibility study, and also in accordance with the FFA, a proposed plan was prepared to more fully describe the proposed remedy.

NONE

1995-10-01

411

The study of health coaching: the ithaca coaching project, research design, and future directions.  

PubMed

Health coaching (HC) is a process holding tremendous potential as a complementary medical intervention to shape healthy behavior change and affect rates of chronic lifestyle diseases. Empirical knowledge of effectiveness for the HC process, however, is lacking. The purposes of this paper are to present the study protocol for the Ithaca Coaching Project while also addressing research design, methodological issues, and directions for HC research. This is one of the first large-scale, randomized control trials of HC for primary prevention examining impact on physical and emotional health status in an employee population. An additional intent for the project is to investigate self-determination theory as a theoretical framework for the coaching process. Participants (n=300) are recruited as part of a campus-wide wellness initiative and randomly assigned to one of three levels of client-centered HC or a control with standard wellness program care. Repeated measures analyses of covariance will be used to examine coaching effectiveness while path analyses will be used to examine relationships between coaching processes, self-determination variables, and health outcomes. There is a great need for well-designed HC studies that define coaching best practices, examine intervention effectiveness, provide cost:benefit analysis, and address scope of practice. This information will allow a clearer definition of HC to emerge and determination of if, and how, HC fits in modern-day healthcare. This is an exciting but critical time for HC research and for the practice of HC. PMID:24416673

Sforzo, Gary A

2013-05-01

412

Portrait of the Oxford Design Studio: An Ethnography of Design Pedagogy. WCER Working Paper No. 2003-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study explores the underlying structure of the design practices in the Oxford Studio, a design studio course taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture. The study describes elements of the practices in the Oxford Studio and then analyzes the connections among these elements at three levels: (a)…

Shaffer, David Williamson

2003-01-01

413

Shift work and cancer research: a thought experiment into a potential chronobiological fallacy of past and perspectives for future epidemiological studies.  

PubMed

With their 2007 classification - shift work involving "circadian disruption" is probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A) - the International Agency for Research on Cancer [IARC] provided a riddle for scientists and the public alike. Thereafter, eighteen epidemiological investigations into shift work and a host of malignant endpoints (including cancers of the breast, prostate, lung, colon, rectum, pancreas, bladder, skin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma [NHL]) as well as mortality were published. Although IARC experts identified "circadian disruption" as the critical link in the "probable" chains of cancer causation, almost none of the post-IARC studies specifically considered a disturbed temporal organization of biology. This implies that epidemiological research to-date is less focused than it should be. To illustrate a potential chronobiological fallacy of past studies, we offer a thought experiment. In addition, we consider first empirical evidence from recent research which avoided such bias. Methodological perspectives for future chronobiology-driven epidemiological research are outlined. PMID:23803873

Erren, Thomas C; Morfeld, Peter

2013-01-01

414

A fast cardiac gamma camera with dynamic SPECT capabilities: design, system validation and future potential  

PubMed Central

Purpose The goal of this study is to present the Discovery NM 530c (DNM), a cardiac SPECT camera, interfacing multi-pinhole collimators with solid-state modules, aiming at slashing acquisition time without jeopardizing quality. DNM resembles PET since it enables 3-D SPECT without detector motion. We further envision how these novel capabilities may help with current and future challenges of cardiac imaging. Methods DNM sensitivity, spatial resolution (SR) and energy resolution (ER), count rate response, cardiac uniformity and cardiac defect contrast were measured and compared to a dedicated cardiac, dual-head standard SPECT (S-SPECT) camera. Results DNM sensitivity was more than threefold higher while SR was notably better. Significantly, SR was the same for 99mTc and 201Tl. ER was improved on DNM and allowed good separation of 99mTc and 123I spectral peaks. Count rate remained linear on DNM up to 612 kcps, while S-SPECT showed severe dead time limitations. Phantom studies revealed comparable uniformity and defect contrast, notwithstanding significantly shorter acquisition time for the DNM. First patient images, including dynamic SPECT, are also presented. Conclusion DNM is raising the bar for expedition and upgrade of practice. It features high sensitivity as well as improved SR, temporal resolution and ER. It enables reduction of acquisition time and fast protocols. Importantly, it is potentially capable of dynamic 3-D acquisition. The new technology is potentially upgradeable and may become a milestone in the evolution of nuclear cardiology as it assumes its key role in molecular imaging of the heart. PMID:20585775

Blevis, Ira M.; Tsukerman, Leonid; Shrem, Yigal; Kovalski, Gil; Volokh, Lana

2010-01-01

415

Designing Smart Health Care Technology into the Home of the Future  

SciTech Connect

The US health care industry is experiencing a substantial paradigm shift with regard to home care due to the convergence of several technology areas. Increasingly-capable telehealth systems and the internet are not only moving the point of care closer to the patient, but the patient can now assume a more active role in his or her own care. These technologies, coupled with (1) the migration of the health care industry to electronic patient records and (2) the emergence of a growing number of enabling health care technologies (e.g., novel biosensors, wearable devices, and intelligent software agents), demonstrate unprecedented potential for delivering highly automated, intelligent health care in the home. This editorial paper presents a vision for the implementation of intelligent health care technology in the home of the future, focusing on areas of research that have the highest potential payoff given targeted government funding over the next ten years. Here, intelligent health care technology means smart devices and systems that are aware of their context and can therefore assimilate information to support care decisions. A systems perspective is used to describe a framework under which devices can interact with one another in a plug-and-play manner. Within this infrastructure, traditionally passive sensors and devices will have read/write access to appropriate portions of an individual's electronic medical record. Through intelligent software agents, plug-and-play mechanisms, messaging standards, and user authentication tools, these smart home-based medical devices will be aware of their own capabilities, their relationship to the other devices in the home system, and the identity of the individual(s) from whom they acquire data. Information surety technology will be essential to maintain the confidentiality of patient-identifiable medical information and to protect the integrity of geographically dispersed electronic medical records with which each home-based system will interact.

Warren, S.; Craft, R.L.; Bosma, J.T.

1999-04-07

416

Antennas for the array-based Deep Space Network: current status and future designs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of very large arrays1,2 of small antennas has been proposed as a way to increase the downlink capability of the NASA Deep Space Network DSN) by two or three orders of magnitude thereby enabling greatly increased science data from currently configured missions or enabling new mission concepts. The current concept is for an array of 400 x 12-m antennas at each of three longitudes. The DSN array will utilize radio astronomy sources for phase calibration and will have wide bandwidth correlation processing for this purpose. NASA has undertaken a technology program to prove the performance and cost of a very large DSN array. Central to that program is a 3-element interferometer to be completed in 2005. This paper describes current status of the low cost 6-meter breadboard antenna to be used as part of the interferometer and the RF design of the 12-meter antenna.

Imbriale, William A.; Gama, Eric

2005-01-01

417

Adaptive and Adaptable Automation Design: A Critical Review of the Literature and Recommendations for Future Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents a review of literature on approaches to adaptive and adaptable task/function allocation and adaptive interface technologies for effective human management of complex systems that are likely to be issues for the Next Generation Air Transportation System, and a focus of research under the Aviation Safety Program, Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck Project. Contemporary literature retrieved from an online database search is summarized and integrated. The major topics include the effects of delegation-type, adaptable automation on human performance, workload and situation awareness, the effectiveness of various automation invocation philosophies and strategies to function allocation in adaptive systems, and the role of user modeling in adaptive interface design and the performance implications of adaptive interface technology.

Prinzel, Lawrence J., III; Kaber, David B.

2006-01-01

418

The Topological Processor for the future ATLAS Level-1 Trigger: from design to commissioning  

E-print Network

The ATLAS detector at LHC will require a Trigger system to efficiently select events down to a manageable event storage rate of about 400 Hz. By 2015 the LHC instantaneous luminosity will be increased up to 3 x 10^34 cm-2s-1, this represents an unprecedented challenge faced by the ATLAS Trigger system. To cope with the higher event rate and efficiently select relevant events from a physics point of view, a new element will be included in the Level-1 Trigger scheme after 2015: the Topological Processor (L1Topo). The L1Topo system, currently developed at CERN, will consist initially of an ATCA crate and two L1Topo modules. A high density opto-electroconverter (AVAGO miniPOD) drives up to 1.6 Tb/s of data from the calorimeter and muon detectors into two high-end FPGA (Virtex7-690), to be processed in about 200 ns. The design has been optimized to guarantee excellent signal in- tegrity of the high-speed links and low latency data transmission on the Real Time Data Path (RTDP). The L1Topo receives data in a standalone protocol from the calorimeters and muon detectors to be processed into several VHDL topological algorithms. Those algorithms perform geometrical cuts, correlations and calculate complex observables such as the invariant mass. The output of such topological cuts is sent to the Central Trigger Processor. This talk focuses on the relevant high-density design characteristic of L1Topo, which allows several hundreds optical links to processed (up to 13 Gb/s each) using ordinary PCB material. Relevant test results performed on the L1Topo prototypes to characterize the high-speed links latency (eye diagram, bit error rate, margin analysis) and the logic resource utilization of the algorithms are discussed.

Eduard Simioni

2014-06-17

419

Parents’ Participation in a Work-Based Anti-Poverty Program Can Enhance Their Children's Future Orientation: Understanding Pathways of Influence  

PubMed Central

Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on youths’ career-related thoughts and planning. The New Hope project was implemented in Milwaukee, WI, during the mid-1990s. 745 families participated (52% male children; 56% African American; 30% Latino, and 15% White non-Hispanic) and half were randomly selected to receive New Hope benefits, which included earnings supplements, job search assistance, and child and health care subsidies for three years. Importantly, effects on youths’ future orientation were found eight years after the program began (five years after benefits ended). The present study investigates what factors sustained these positive impacts over time. Results indicate that parental perceptions of reading performance mediate the effects of New Hope on youths’ cynicism about work. Additionally, parental perceptions of reading performance and youths’ educational expectations mediate the effects of New Hope on boys’ pessimism about future employment. These findings highlight the importance of youths’ educational development to their career-related thoughts and planning. PMID:22878938

Purtell, Kelly M.; McLoyd, Vonnie C.

2012-01-01

420

Review of nuclear power plant safety cable aging studies with recommendations for improved approaches and for future work.  

SciTech Connect

Many U. S. nuclear power plants are approaching 40 years of age and there is a desire to extend their life for up to 100 total years. Safety-related cables were originally qualified for nuclear power plant applications based on IEEE Standards that were published in 1974. The qualifications involved procedures to simulate 40 years of life under ambient power plant aging conditions followed by simulated loss of coolant accident (LOCA). Over the past 35 years or so, substantial efforts were devoted to determining whether the aging assumptions allowed by the original IEEE Standards could be improved upon. These studies led to better accelerated aging methods so that more confident 40-year lifetime predictions became available. Since there is now a desire to potentially extend the life of nuclear power plants way beyond the original 40 year life, there is an interest in reviewing and critiquing the current state-of-the-art in simulating cable aging. These are two of the goals of this report where the discussion is concentrated on the progress made over the past 15 years or so and highlights the most thorough and careful published studies. An additional goal of the report is to suggest work that might prove helpful in answering some of the questions and dealing with some of the issues that still remain with respect to simulating the aging and predicting the lifetimes of safety-related cable materials.

Gillen, Kenneth Todd; Bernstein, Robert

2010-11-01

421

The future costs of nuclear power using multiple expert elicitations: effects of RD&D and elicitation design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Characterization of the anticipated performance of energy technologies to inform policy decisions increasingly relies on expert elicitation. Knowledge about how elicitation design factors impact the probabilistic estimates emerging from these studies is, however, scarce. We focus on nuclear power, a large-scale low-carbon power option, for which future cost estimates are important for the design of energy policies and climate change mitigation efforts. We use data from three elicitations in the USA and in Europe and assess the role of government research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) investments on expected nuclear costs in 2030. We show that controlling for expert, technology, and design characteristics increases experts’ implied public RD&D elasticity of expected costs by 25%. Public sector and industry experts’ cost expectations are 14% and 32% higher, respectively than academics. US experts are more optimistic than their EU counterparts, with median expected costs 22% lower. On average, a doubling of public RD&D is expected to result in an 8% cost reduction, but the uncertainty is large. The difference between the 90th and 10th percentile estimates is on average 58% of the experts’ median estimates. Public RD&D investments do not affect uncertainty ranges, but US experts are less confident about costs than Europeans.

Díaz Anadón, Laura; Nemet, Gregory; Verdolini, Elena

2013-09-01

422

Design Studies of the Calorimeter Systems for the sPHENIX Experiment at RHIC and Future Upgrade Plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The PHENIX Experiment at RHIC is planning a series of major upgrades that will enable a comprehensive measurement of jets in relativistic heavy ion collisions, provide enhanced physics capabilities for studying nucleon-nucleus and polarized proton collisions, and allow a detailed study of electron-nucleus collisions at the Electron Ion Collider at Brookhaven (eRHIC). The first of these upgrades, sPHENIX, will be based on the former BaBar magnet and will include a hadronic calorimeter and new electromagnetic calorimeter that will cover ±1.1 units in pseudorapidity and 2? in azimuth in the central region, resulting in a factor of 6 increase in acceptance over the present PHENIX detector. The electromagnetic calorimeter will be a tungsten scintillating fiber design with a radiation length ~ 7 mm and a Moliere radius ~ 2 cm. It will have a total depth of ~ 18 radiation lengths and an energy resolution ~ 15%/?E. The hadronic calorimeter will consist of steel plates with scintillating tiles in between that are read out with wavelength shifting fibers, It will have a total depth of ~ 5 interaction lengths and an energy resolution 100%/?E. Both calorimeters will use silicon photomultipliers as the readout sensor. Detailed design studies and Monte Carlo simulations for both calorimeters have been carried out and prototype detectors have been constructed and tested in a test beam at Fermilab in February 2014. This contribution describes these design studies for the sPHENIX experiment and its future upgrade plans at RHIC.

Woody, C.; Kistenev, E.; PHENIX Collaboration

2015-02-01

423

Working on the Boundaries: Philosophies and Practices of the Design Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

While systems engineering process is a program formal management technique and contractually binding, the design process is the informal practice of achieving the design project requirements throughout all design phases of the systems engineering process. The design process and organization are systems and component dependent. Informal reviews include technical information meetings and concurrent engineering sessions, and formal technical discipline reviews are conducted through the systems engineering process. This paper discusses and references major philosophical principles in the design process, identifies its role in interacting systems and disciplines analyses and integrations, and illustrates the process application in experienced aerostructural designs.

Ryan, R.; Blair, J.; Townsend, J.; Verderaime, V.

1996-01-01

424

AGS SUPER NEUTRINO BEAM FACILITY ACCELERATOR AND TARGET SYSTEM DESIGN (NEUTRINO WORKING GROUP REPORT-II).  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the design of the accelerator and target systems for the AGS Super Neutrino Beam Facility. Under the direction of the Associate Laboratory Director Tom Kirk, BNL has established a Neutrino Working Group to explore the scientific case and facility requirements for a very long baseline neutrino experiment. Results of a study of the physics merit and detector performance was published in BNL-69395 in October 2002, where it was shown that a wide-band neutrino beam generated by a 1 MW proton beam from the AGS, coupled with a half megaton water Cerenkov detector located deep underground in the former Homestake mine in South Dakota would be able to measure the complete set of neutrino oscillation parameters: (1) precise determination of the oscillation parameters {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 32}; (2) detection of the oscillation of {nu}{sub {mu}}-{nu}{sub e} and measurement of sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13}; (3) measurement of {Delta}m{sub 21}{sup 2} sin 2{theta}{sub 12} in a {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} appearance mode, independent of the value of {theta}{sub 13}; (4) verification of matter enhancement and the sign of {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2}; and (5) determination of the CP-violation parameter {delta}{sub CP} in the neutrino sector. This report details the performance requirements and conceptual design of the accelerator and the target systems for the production of a neutrino beam by a 1.0 MW proton beam from the AGS. The major components of this facility include a new 1.2 GeV superconducting linac, ramping the AGS at 2.5 Hz, and the new target station for 1.0 MW beam. It also calls for moderate increase, about 30%, of the AGS intensity per pulse. Special care is taken to account for all sources of proton beam loss plus shielding and collimation of stray beam halo particles to ensure equipment reliability and personal safety. A preliminary cost estimate and schedule for the accelerator upgrade and target system are also included.

DIWAN,M.; MARCIANO,W.; WENG,W.; RAPARIA,D.

2003-04-21

425

Development of the Symbolic Manipulator Laboratory modeling package for the kinematic design and optimization of the Future Armor Rearm System robot. Ammunition Logistics Program  

SciTech Connect

A new program package, Symbolic Manipulator Laboratory (SML), for the automatic generation of both kinematic and static manipulator models in symbolic form is presented. Critical design parameters may be identified and optimized using symbolic models as shown in the sample application presented for the Future Armor Rearm System (FARS) arm. The computer-aided development of the symbolic models yields equations with reduced numerical complexity. Important considerations have been placed on the closed form solutions simplification and on the user friendly operation. The main emphasis of this research is the development of a methodology which is implemented in a computer program capable of generating symbolic kinematic and static forces models of manipulators. The fact that the models are obtained trigonometrically reduced is among the most significant results of this work and the most difficult to implement. Mathematica, a commercial program that allows symbolic manipulation, is used to implement the program package. SML is written such that the user can change any of the subroutines or create new ones easily. To assist the user, an on-line help has been written to make of SML a user friendly package. Some sample applications are presented. The design and optimization of the 5-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) FARS manipulator using SML is discussed. Finally, the kinematic and static models of two different 7-DOF manipulators are calculated symbolically.

March-Leuba, S.; Jansen, J.F.; Kress, R.L.; Babcock, S.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Dubey, R.V. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

1992-08-01

426

Development of the Symbolic Manipulator Laboratory modeling package for the kinematic design and optimization of the Future Armor Rearm System robot  

SciTech Connect

A new program package, Symbolic Manipulator Laboratory (SML), for the automatic generation of both kinematic and static manipulator models in symbolic form is presented. Critical design parameters may be identified and optimized using symbolic models as shown in the sample application presented for the Future Armor Rearm System (FARS) arm. The computer-aided development of the symbolic models yields equations with reduced numerical complexity. Important considerations have been placed on the closed form solutions simplification and on the user friendly operation. The main emphasis of this research is the development of a methodology which is implemented in a computer program capable of generating symbolic kinematic and static forces models of manipulators. The fact that the models are obtained trigonometrically reduced is among the most significant results of this work and the most difficult to implement. Mathematica, a commercial program that allows symbolic manipulation, is used to implement the program package. SML is written such that the user can change any of the subroutines or create new ones easily. To assist the user, an on-line help has been written to make of SML a user friendly package. Some sample applications are presented. The design and optimization of the 5-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) FARS manipulator using SML is discussed. Finally, the kinematic and static models of two different 7-DOF manipulators are calculated symbolically.

March-Leuba, S.; Jansen, J.F.; Kress, R.L.; Babcock, S.M. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Dubey, R.V. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)

1992-08-01

427

Improving return-to-work after childbirth: design of the Mom@Work study, a randomised controlled trial and cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Many women suffer from health problems after giving birth, which can lead to sick leave. About 30% of Dutch workers are on sick leave after maternity leave. Structural contact of supervisors with employees on maternity leave, supported by early medical advice of occupational physicians, may increase the chances of return-to-work after maternity leave. In addition, to understand the process of sick leave and return-to-work after childbirth it is important to gain insight into which factors hinder return-to-work after childbirth, as well, as which prognostic factors lead to the development of postpartum health complaints. In this paper, the design of the Mom@Work study is described. Methods The Mom@Work study is simultaneously a randomised controlled trial and a cohort study. Pregnant women working for at least 12 hours a week at one of the 15 participating companies are eligible to participate. The supervisors of these pregnant employees are randomised at 35 weeks pregnancy into the intervention group or control group. During maternity leave, supervisors in the intervention group contact their employee six weeks after delivery using a structured interview. When employees do not expect to return to their jobs at the end of their scheduled maternity leave due to health problems, the supervisor offers early support of the occupational physician. Supervisors in the control group have no structural contact with their employees during maternity leave. Measurements take place at 30 weeks pregnancy and at 6, 12, 24 and 52 weeks postpartum. In addition, cost data are collected. For the RCT, primary outcome measures are sick leave and return-to-work, and secondary outcome measures are costs, health, satisfaction with intervention and global feelings of recovery. Outcome measures for the cohort are pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain, fatigue and depression. Finally, a number of prognostic factors for return-to-work and for the development of complaints will be measured. Discussion The Mom@Work study will provide important information about return-to-work of employees after giving birth. Results will give insight in prognosis of postpartum sick leave and complaints. Also, the role of supervisors and occupational physicians in successful return-to-work after childbirth will be clarified. PMID:17394629

Stomp-van den Berg, Suzanne GM; van Poppel, Mireille NM; Hendriksen, Ingrid JM; Bruinvels, David J; Uegaki, Kimi; de Bruijne, Martine C; van Mechelen, Willem

2007-01-01

428

Design of biocompatible dendrimers for cancer diagnosis and therapy: current status and future perspectives.  

PubMed

In the past decade, nanomedicine with its promise of improved therapy and diagnostics has revolutionized conventional health care and medical technology. Dendrimers and dendrimer-based therapeutics are outstanding candidates in this exciting field as more and more biological systems have benefited from these starburst molecules. Anticancer agents can be either encapsulated in or conjugated to dendrimer and be delivered to the tumour via enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect of the nanoparticle and/or with the help of a targeting moiety such as antibody, peptides, vitamins, and hormones. Imaging agents including MRI contrast agents, radionuclide probes, computed tomography contrast agents, and fluorescent dyes are combined with the multifunctional nanomedicine for targeted therapy with simultaneous cancer diagnosis. However, an important question reported with dendrimer-based therapeutics as well as other nanomedicines to date is the long-term viability and biocompatibility of the nanotherapeutics. This critical review focuses on the design of biocompatible dendrimers for cancer diagnosis and therapy. The biocompatibility aspects of dendrimers such as nanotoxicity, long-term circulation, and degradation are discussed. The construction of novel dendrimers with biocompatible components, and the surface modification of commercially available dendrimers by PEGylation, acetylation, glycosylation, and amino acid functionalization have been proposed as available strategies to solve the safety problem of dendrimer-based nanotherapeutics. Also, exciting opportunities and challenges on the development of dendrimer-based nanoplatforms for targeted cancer diagnosis and therapy are reviewed (404 references). PMID:21286593

Cheng, Yiyun; Zhao, Libo; Li, Yiwen; Xu, Tongwen

2011-05-01

429

Integral sheet metal design via severe plastic deformation - state of the art and future challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The innovative forming processes Linear Flow Splitting (LFS) and Linear Bend Splitting (LBS) were developed to facilitate the continuous production of branched profiles with tailored sheet thickness by inducing severe plastic strain. In contrast to most SPD processes the stress state in LFS and LBS is very complex and plastic deformation is confined to limited volumes which results in steep strain gradients and consequently ultrafine grained (UFG) gradient microstructures. Even though the processes have been commercialized, the increased lightweight potential that originates from the local grain refinement remains mostly idle since it is neither fully understood nor easily assessable yet. The present work shows the state of the art for the LFS and LBS processes and compares the microstructures and distribution of mechanical properties for different steels processed with different LFS parameters. The data is used to identify characteristic manufacturing induced properties that are insensitive to processing parameters. Based on the experimental results a material flow model for the processing zone is proposed which is discussed with respect to the current understanding of plasticity at severe strains.

Bruder, E.; Kaune, V.; Müller, C.

2014-08-01

430

Future Directions in the Design, Development, and Investigation of Technology as a Service Delivery Vehicle  

PubMed Central

Treatment outcome research with children and adolescents has progressed to such an extent that numerous handbooks have been devoted to reviewing and summarizing the evidence base. Ensuring that consumers of these advancements in state-of-the-field interventions have the opportunity to access, engage in, and benefit from this evidence-base, however, has been wrought with challenge. As such, much discussion exists about innovative strategies for overcoming the gap between research and practice; yet, no other potential solution that has received more attention in both the popular and academic press than technology. The promise of technology is not surprising given the fast-paced evolution in development and, in turn, a seemingly endless range of possibilities for novel service delivery platforms. Yet, this is precisely the most formidable challenge threatening to upset the very promise of this potential solution: The rate of emerging technologies is far outpacing the field’s capacity to demonstrate the conceptual or empirical benefits of such an approach. Accordingly, this paper aims to provide a series of recommendations that better situate empirical enquiry at the core of a collaborative development, testing, and deployment process that must define this line of work if the promise of mental health technologies is going to be a reality for front-line clinicians and the clients they serve. PMID:24400723

Jones, Deborah J.

2013-01-01

431

Biological neural networks as model systems for designing future parallel processing computers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the more interesting debates of the present day centers on whether human intelligence can be simulated by computer. The author works under the premise that neurons individually are not smart at all. Rather, they are physical units which are impinged upon continuously by other matter that influences the direction of voltage shifts across the units membranes. It is only the action of a great many neurons, billions in the case of the human nervous system, that intelligent behavior emerges. What is required to understand even the simplest neural system is painstaking analysis, bit by bit, of the architecture and the physiological functioning of its various parts. The biological neural network studied, the vestibular utricular and saccular maculas of the inner ear, are among the most simple of the mammalian neural networks to understand and model. While there is still a long way to go to understand even this most simple neural network in sufficient detail for extrapolation to computers and robots, a start was made. Moreover, the insights obtained and the technologies developed help advance the understanding of the more complex neural networks that underlie human intelligence.

Ross, Muriel D.

1991-01-01

432

Design and construction techniques of an American vernacular architect : the work of Dr. Henry Chapman Mercer  

E-print Network

The design and building process of Dr. Henry Chapman Mercer is explored for its relationship to vernacular design. The vehicle for this exploration is 'Fonthill,' the home of Dr. Mercer constructed by him in 1908. Complete ...

Eichenberger, Kurt Frederick

1982-01-01

433

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

13 Business Credit and Assistance 1... 2010-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering...305.4 Section 305.4 Business Credit and Assistance ...INVESTMENTS General § 305.4 Projects for design and...

2010-01-01

434

Transportable Applications Environment (TAE) Plus user interface designer WorkBench  

Microsoft Academic Search

TAE Plus was built at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center to support the building of GUI user interfaces for highly interactive applications, such as realtime processing systems and scientific analysis system. TAE Plus is designed as a productivity tool for the user interface designer. Human factor experts and user interface designers frequently do not want to have to learn the

Martha R. Szczur

1992-01-01

435

Designing out vulnerability, building in respect: violence, safety and sex work policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

One recent finding about the prostitution market is the differences in the extent and nature of violence experienced between women who work on the street and those who work from indoor sex work venues.This paper brings together extensive qualitative fieldwork from two cities in the UK to unpack the intricacies in relation to violence and safety for indoor workers. Firstly,

Teela Sanders; Rosie Campbell

2007-01-01

436

An integrated approach to the design and operation of low capacity sewage treatment works  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low capacity sewage treatment works (STWs) serving small-scale urban areas make up approximately 80% of the total number of water works in Europe. There are many limitations to the attention and economic resources that management offices can allocate to these treatment facilities generally serving a population equivalent of less than 5,000. The adequate coordination and management of these works is

Juan García

437

An integrated approach to the design and operation of low capacity sewage treatment works  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low capacity sewage treatment works (STWs) serving small-scale urban areas make up approximately 80% of the total number of water works in Europe. There are many limitations to the attention and economic resources that management offices can allocate to these treatment facilities generally serving a population equivalent of less than 5,000. The adequate coordination and management of these works is

Juan García

2009-01-01

438

Work system principles: towards a justified design theory on the grounds of socio-instrumental pragmatism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the paper is to explore a possible theoretical foundation for the `work system approach'. The concept of work systems has been suggested as the core object of study in the field of information systems. The scope of the work system approach is determined by pragmatic relevance and high comprehensibility, with the goal of being applicable for professionals

Johan Petersson

2008-01-01

439

The Bark Camp Run demonstration constructed wetlands: Findings and recommendations for future design criteria  

SciTech Connect

The performance of six wetlands built to ameliorate acid mine drainage has been analyzed over 806 days. The wetlands are each 52 m x 8 m at the water surface, with a 5 cm surface water column and 60 cm depth of substrate consisting of horse manure mixed with an equal volume of SiO{sub 2} stone. Each wetland has a 1 mm polyethylene liner and wooden deflectors ever 2 m to promote uniform flow. The dominant macrophyte is Typha latifolia. Flows are {approximately}10 m{sup 3}/d. Tracer studies showed that the mine drainage flows through both the surface water column and the substrate, and a one-dimensional flow model appears satisfactorily to explain the performance of the wetlands. Wetlands should be designed to achieve uniform flow and to maintain flow through the substrate A polishing area of a few m{sup 2} with a substrate consisting only of limestone chips appears to be helpful in maintaining effluent alkalinity. Simple mathematical models were developed to assess the performance of the constructed wetlands. Removal of Fe{sup +3} is by hydrolysis, followed by reduction to Fe{sup 2+} and incorporation into the substrate. Removal of Al{sup +3} is by hydrolysis. The observed removal rates of 1g d{sup -1} m{sup -2} for Fe{sup +3} and 0.5g d{sup -1} m{sup -2} for Al{sup +3}, combine with concurrent neutralization of the resulting H{sup +}, to give an acidity removal rate of 5.5g d{sup -1} m{sup -2}. A zero-order rate law can be used to describe the observed rate of Fe{sup +3} removal First-order rate laws also produce good representations for the rates of Fe{sup +3} and Al{sup +3} removal. Effluent Mn concentration > influent [Mn], and declines in accordance with a first-order rate law, indicative of desorption of Mn{sup 2+} initially present in the substrate. This may explain past difficulties in assessing Mn removal in anaerobic constructed wetlands.

Hellier, W.W. [PA Dept. of Environmental Protection, Hawk Run, PA (United States)

1996-12-31

440

Designing future dark energy space missions. I. Building realistic galaxy spectro-photometric catalogs and their first applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context: Future dark energy space missions such as JDEM and EUCLID are being designed to survey the galaxy population to trace the geometry of the universe and the growth of structure, which both depend on the cosmological model. To reach the goal of high precision cosmology they need to evaluate the capabilities of different instrument designs based on realistic mock catalogs of the galaxy distribution. Aims: The aim of this paper is to construct realistic and flexible mock catalogs based on our knowledge of galaxy populations from current deep surveys. We explore two categories of mock catalogs: (i) based on luminosity functions that we fit to observations (GOODS, UDF, COSMOS, VVDS); (ii) based on the observed COSMOS galaxy distribution. Methods: The COSMOS mock catalog benefits from all the properties of the data-rich COSMOS survey and the highly accurate photometric redshift distribution based on 30-band photometry. Nevertheless this catalog is limited by the depth of the COSMOS survey. Thus, we also evaluate a mock galaxy catalog generated from luminosity functions using the Le Phare software. For these two catalogs, we have produced simulated number counts in several bands, color diagrams and redshift distributions for validation against real observational data. Results: Using these mock catalogs we derive some basic requirements to help design future Dark Energy missions in terms of the number of galaxies available for the weak-lensing analysis as a function of the PSF size and depth of the survey. We also compute the spectroscopic success rate for future spectroscopic redshift surveys (i) aiming at measuring BAO in the case of the wide field spectroscopic redshift survey, and (ii) for the photometric redshift calibration survey which is required to achieve weak lensing tomography with great accuracy. In particular, we demonstrate that for the photometric redshift calibration, using only NIR (1-1.7 ?m) spectroscopy, we cannot achieve a complete spectroscopic survey down to the limit of the photometric survey (I<25.5). Extending the wavelength coverage of the spectroscopic survey to cover 0.6-1.7 ?m will then improve the fraction of very secure spectroscopic redshifts to nearly 80% of the galaxies, making possible a very accurate photometric redshift calibration. Conclusions: We have produced two realistic mock galaxy catalogs that can be used in determining the best survey strategy for future dark-energy missions in terms of photometric redshift accuracy and spectroscopic redshift surveys yield. These catalogues are publicly accessible at http://lamwws.oamp.fr/cosmowiki/RealisticSpectroPhotCat, or at the CDS. The two mock catalogues are available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/504/359

Jouvel, S.; Kneib, J.-P.; Ilbert, O.; Bernstein, G.; Arnouts, S.; Dahlen, T.; Ealet, A.; Milliard, B.; Aussel, H.; Capak, P.; Koekemoer, A.; Le Brun, V.; McCracken, H.; Salvato, M.; Scoville, N.

2009-09-01

441

Instructional Design Approaches for Improving a Course in Productivity and Work Measurement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the teaching styles of the professor, learning styles of the students, characteristics of the students, comparisons of Pearson's correlation coefficients between student grades earned in the course versus their cumulative grade point averages, and factors to consider for future Web-enhanced courses. The objectives of the…

Lowry, Pamela

2007-01-01

442

Statistical Power for Regression Discontinuity Designs in Education: Empirical Estimates of Design Effects Relative to Randomized Controlled Trials. Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The regression discontinuity design (RDD) has the potential to yield findings with causal validity approaching that of the randomized controlled trial (RCT). However, Schochet (2008a) estimated that, on average, an RDD study of an education intervention would need to include three to four times as many schools or students as an RCT to produce…

Deke, John; Dragoset, Lisa

2012-01-01

443

Designing for Diagnosing: Introduction to the Special Issue on Diagnostic Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

When faced with anything out of the ordinary, faulty or suspicious, the work of determining and categorizing the trouble,\\u000a and scoping for what to do about it (if anything) often go hand in hand—this is diagnostic work. In all its expert and non-expert\\u000a forms diagnostic work is often both intellectual and embodied, collaborative and distributed, and ever more deeply entangled

Monika Büscher; Jacki O’Neill; John Rooksby

2009-01-01

444

A Combined Field and Laboratory Design for Assessing the Impact of Night Shift Work on Police Officer Operational Performance  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study assessed the utility of a combined field and laboratory research design for measuring the impact of consecutive night shift work on the sleepiness, vigilance, and driving performance of police patrol officers. Design: For police patrol officers working their normal night shift duty cycles, simulated driving performance and psychomotor vigilance were measured in a laboratory on two separate occasions: in the morning after the last of five consecutive 10.7-h night shifts, and at the same time in the morning after three consecutive days off duty. Order of participation in conditions was randomized among subjects. Setting: Subjects experienced manipulation of sleep schedules due to working night shifts in a real operational environment, but performance testing was conducted under controlled laboratory conditions. Participants: N = 29 active-duty police patrol officers (27 male, 2 female; age 37.1 ± 6.3 years) working night shift schedules participated in this study. Results: Simulated driving performance, psychomotor vigilance, and subjective sleepiness were significantly degraded following 5 consecutive night shifts as compared to 3 consecutive days off duty, indicating that active-duty police officers are susceptible to performance degradation as a consequence of working nights. Conclusions: This combined field and laboratory research design succeeded in bridging the gap between the realism of the operational environment and the control of laboratory performance testing, demonstrating that this is a useful approach for addressing the relationship between shift work induced fatigue and critical operational task performance. Citation: Waggoner LB; Grant DA; Van Dongen HPA; Belenky G; Vila B. A combined field and laboratory design for assessing the impact of night shift work on police officer operational performance. SLEEP 2012;35(11):1575-1577. PMID:23115407

Waggoner, Lauren B.; Grant, Devon A.; Van Dongen, Hans P. A.; Belenky, Gregory; Vila, Bryan

2012-01-01

445

Integrated ergonomics approach toward designing night and shift work in developing countries based on experiences in Bali, Indonesia.  

PubMed

Recently, the effort in carrying out an integrated ergonomics approach known as "SHIP" (systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary and participatory) approach has been intensively undertaken in Bali with the aim of sustaining improvements being done. The People's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia issued for the 1999-2004 period a "SHIP" Act on the Macro Guidelines of Tourism Development in which ergonomics and other factors must be considered comprehensively to attain sustainable development in tourism. Therefore the night and shift work that is recently increasingly applied in the tourism industry must also be designed and organized through this approach. In fact, however, economic factors have still been the predominant reason for workers to accept any type of night and shift work decided by the management, without taking into account possible impacts and consequences. For example, rapid forward rotation schemes seem more adapted to the hotel industry instead of traditional 6-6-6 rotation. Further, inter-city bus drivers are approved to work a 24-hour shift followed by one day off. These drivers often work an additional risky night shift after two consecutive night shifts so as to meet needed expenses for the family. Cultural or religious activities still presented constraints for workers as they carried out subsequently the night work. Therefore, proactive steps should be taken in a timely manner through the integrated SHIP approach in designing night and shift work so as to achieve work schedules compatible with both social life of shiftworkers and business concerns. PMID:14564879

Manuaba, A

2001-12-01

446

About the Work of Art The art in Maple Hall is designed to give students a home away from  

E-print Network

About the Work of Art The art in Maple Hall is designed to give students a home away from home, cast iron implements, tramp art, building ornamentation, lace and textures carved in wood. Braaksma itself, Wild Goose Chase, is a reference to a quilting pattern. The terrazzo floors integrate the art

Mayfield, John

447

Work in Progress – Integrating Student’s Research Project into the Digital Logic Design Course to Enhance Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional methods such as exams, projects and labs can assess student's understanding of concepts in a digital logic design course. However, there is still a need for innovative instructional pedagogy, so that the material presented is more coherent and learning outcomes are improved. The goal of this work is to implement a student research project that contributes to rapid feedback

Ardian N. Greca; James K. Harris; Sonny E. Butler

2005-01-01

448

Designing and Implementing a Marketing Plan To Preserve Early Childhood Services Needed by Full-Time Working Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of a marketing plan designed to raise leadership awareness and support for adding four critical services to targeted early childhood programs: (1) childcare for children younger than 18 months; (2) extended hours to meet the needs of working parents; (3) 52 weeks of services each year; and (4) affordable…

Rose, Judith

449

Cross-cultural user-interface design for work, home, play, and on the way  

Microsoft Academic Search

User interface design requires good visual design of metaphors, mental models, navigation, appearance, and interaction to represent data, functions, tasks, roles, organizations, and people. Techniques of simplicity, clarity, and consistency can improve the communication effectiveness of user interfaces for the Web, mobile devices and information appliances, and performance (productivity) tools. In particular, the use of appropriate typography, layout, color, animation,

Aaron Marcus

2001-01-01

450

Designed for Work, but not from Here: Rural and Remote Perspectives on Networked Technology  

E-print Network

in rural and remote communities. Our findings indicate that work in these areas increasingly depends on networked technology to support in-situ and geographically distributed work practices, and to ameliorate Federal Communications Commission (FCC) report indicated that 16,000 towers would need to be added

451

Design and Implementation of an Integrated Computer Working Environment for Doing Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we report on the sustained research and development work at the AMSTEL Institute of the University of Amsterdam to improve mathematics and science education at primary and secondary school level, which has lead amongst other things to the development of the integrated computer working environment Coach 6. This environment consists of…

Heck, Andre; Kedzierska, Ewa; Ellermeijer, Ton

2009-01-01

452

The Study of Surface Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Its Design, Efficiency, and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a Surface Computer Supported Cooperative Work paradigm is proposed. Recently, multitouch technology has become widely available for human-computer interaction. We found it has great potential to facilitate more awareness of human-to-human interaction than personal computers (PCs) in colocated collaborative work. However, other…

Hwang, Wu-Yuin; Su, Jia-Han

2012-01-01

453

What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) Standards for Evaluating Single Case Designs (SCDs)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) seeks to provide educators, policymakers, researchers, and the public with a central and trusted source of scientific evidence for what works in education. The WWC was established in 2002 by the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences (IES). It serves as a decision-making resource by…

Monahan, Shannon; Kratochwill, Thomas; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

454

Designing for Usability - Domain Specific Human-Computer Interfaces in Working Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the tremendous development and increasing availability of computers in work- ing life, severe usability problems are frequently observed, leading to bad user acceptan- ce, negative stress, anxiety, and even health problems for the users. We need to create a scientific foundation for the studies of humans interacting with computer systems to achieve a specific work task in a physical

JAN GULLIKSEN

455

Working Toward a Sustainable Future  

EPA Science Inventory

Population growth and economic growth have driven increased consumption of energy and materials as well as significant changes in land use, leading to erosion of natural capital. To deal with these problems in the 21st century, federal agencies must build on the existing regulato...

456

The design of future central receiver power plants based on lessons learned from the Solar One Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The 10-MW{sub e} Solar One Pilot Plant was the world's largest solar central receiver power plant. During its power production years it delivered over 37,000 MWhrs (net) to the utility grid. In this type of electric power generating plant, large sun-tracking mirrors called heliostats reflect and concentrate sunlight onto a receiver mounted on top a of a tower. The receiver transforms the solar energy into thermal energy that heats water, turning it into superheated steam that drives a turbine to generate electricity. The Solar One Pilot Plant successfully demonstrated the feasibility of generating electricity with a solar central receiver power plant. During the initial 2 years the plant was tested and 4 years the plant was operated as a power plant, a great deal of data was collected relating to the efficiency and reliability of the plant's various systems. This paper summarizes these statistics and compares them to goals developed by the US Department of Energy. Based on this comparison, improvements in the design and operation of future central receiver plants are recommended. Research at Sandia National Laboratories and the US utility industry suggests that the next generation of central receiver power plants will use a molten salt heat transfer fluid rather than water/steam. Sandia has recently completed the development of the hardware needed in a molten salt power plant. Use of this new technology is expected to solve many of the performance problems encountered at Solar One. Projections for the energy costs from these future central receiver plants are also presented. For reference, these projections are compared to the current energy costs from the SEGS parabolic trough plants now operating in Southern California.

Kolb, G.J.

1991-01-01

457

The design of future central receiver power plants based on lessons learned from the Solar One Pilot Plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 10-MW(sub e) Solar One Pilot Plant was the world's largest solar central receiver power plant. During its power production years it delivered over 37,000 MWhrs (net) to the utility grid. In this type of electric power generating plant, large sun-tracking mirrors called heliostats reflect and concentrate sunlight onto a receiver mounted on top of a tower. The receiver transforms the solar energy into thermal energy that heats water, turning it into superheated steam that drives a turbine to generate electricity. The Solar One Pilot Plant successfully demonstrated the feasibility of generating electricity with a solar central receiver power plant. During the initial 2 years the plant was tested and 4 years the plant was operated as a power plant, a great deal of data was collected relating to the efficiency and reliability of the plant's various systems. This paper summarizes these statistics and compares them to goals developed by the U.S. Department of Energy. Based on this comparison, improvements in the design and operation of future central receiver plants are recommended. Research at Sandia National Laboratories and the U.S. utility industry suggests that the next generation of central receiver power plants will use a molten salt heat transfer fluid rather than water/steam. Sandia has recently completed the development of the hardware needed in a molten salt power plant. Use of this new technology is expected to solve many of the performance problems encountered at Solar One. Projections for the energy costs from these future central receiver plants are also presented. For reference, these projections are compared to the current energy costs from the SEGS parabolic trough plants now operating in Southern California.

Kolb, G. J.

458

FUTURES with Jaime Escalante  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy awarded the Foundation for Advancements in Science and Education (FASE) $826,000 as support to produce the second set of FUTURES segments consisting of 12, 15-minute programs. The programs provide motivation for students to study math by connecting math to the work place and real-life problem scenarios. The programs are broadcast in 50 states through PBS Elementary and Secondary Service (E/SS). The grant term ended on December 16, 1993 and this final report documents program and financial activity results. The 12 episodes are titled: Animal Care, Meteorology, Mass Communication, Advanced Energy, Oceanography, Graphic Design, Future Habitats, Environmental Science & Technology, Fitness & Physical Performance, Interpersonal Communications, Advanced Transportation and Product Design. Each program addresses as many as ten careers or job types within the broader field named. Minority and gender-balanced role models appear throughout the programs.

NONE

1996-08-01

459

Designing New York's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The genius of Mayor Bloomberg's plan to develop a new applied sciences campus in New York City is that it acknowledges the increasingly pivotal role of academic institutions as drivers of local economic growth. At a time when large corporations may not be the reliable job producers they were in the past and cities like New York badly need to…

Giles, David

2012-01-01

460

Building Better Career Futures: Portfolio Builder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Portfolio Builder, designed for participants in the Building Better Career Futures (BBCF) program, helps participants explore, work towards, and realize their life and career goals. It is to be used as a tool to help students reflect on their own ideas about career development and to later market themselves in the world of work. This…

Bell, Donnalee; Hopkins, Sareena

461

Experience in planning and design works for reconstructing and modernizing the mechanical equipment of hydroelectric stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  Timely works on reconstructing and modernizing equipment with consideration of the operating experience gained will make it\\u000a possible to increase the reliability and life of structures and equipment.

S. V. Leenson

1997-01-01

462

Designing Effective Science Instruction: What Works in Science Classrooms (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science teachers, like all teachers, start each school year with high hopes and expectations for students to succeed. They plan their lessons, scramble to get the necessary equipment, and work hard to engage their students. However, despite good intention

Anne Tweed

2009-10-13

463

Summary of Tertiary investigations in western Saudi Arabia, current work by the U.S. Geological Survey and recommended future studies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 1936, geologic work related to the Tertiary System in western Saudi Arabia began with a study of the Umm Gerad barite deposit by K. S. Twitchell. In 1944, a study focusing specifically on Tertiary rocks was conducted by Steineke and others near Jiddah. Small-scale mapping of Tertiary sequences began in 1950 in southwestern Saudi Arabia and later in northern 3audi Arabia as part of the Kingdom's early mapping program. These studies were part of a larger program being directed by the Government of Saudi Arabia in connection with mineral resource investigations. In the mid- to late-1960's, the Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres discovered mineralized Tertiary rocks al Jabal Dhaylan and began a study, which continues to the present, of both the Tertiary rocks and the mineralization. Following a number of early local studies, in 1973 the U.S. Geological Survey began detailed study of the Tertiary layered rocks along the Red Sea coastal plain south of Jiddah. More recently, Riofinex and Seltrust have been exploring for selected commodities in Tertiary sequences of northwestern Saudi Arabia and the Red Sea coastal plain. Results of these studies, including work by the Saudi Arabian Directorate General of Mineral Resources and the Saudi government agency preceding it, are summarized in this report. Characteristics of the Tertiary rocks south of lat 23? N. and the Tertiary mineral deposits of western Saudi Arabia are also summarized. Recommendations are made for future geologic studies and mineral assessment of the Tertiary rocks of western Saudi Arabia.

Hadley, Donald G.; Schmidt, Dwight Lyman; Coleman, Robert Griffin

1983-01-01

464

Participatory Action Research in the Implementing Process of Evidence-Based Intervention to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Project Design of the “Healthy Future” Study  

PubMed Central

Objective. To describe the design of the developmental project Healthy Future that aims to implement a new evidence-based program for the prevention of childhood obesity and collaboration and sharing of work between specialist and community health care professionals in parts of a county in western Norway. Methods. Comprehensive participatory planning and evaluation (CPPE) process as an action-oriented research approach was chosen, using mixed data sources, mixed methods, and triangulation. Discussion. A bottom-up approach might decrease the barriers when new evidence-based childhood prevention interventions are going to be implemented. It is crucial not only to build partnership and shared understanding, motivation, and vision, but also to consider the frames of the organizations, such as competencies, and time to carry out the interventions at the right level of health care service and adapt to the overweight children and their families needs. Conclusion. The developmental process of new health care programs is complex and multileveled and requires a framework to guide the process. By CPPE approach evidence-based health care practice can be delivered based on research, user knowledge, and provider knowledge in the field of childhood overweight and obesity in a certain context. PMID:23956843

Stormark, Kjell Morten

2013-01-01

465

Virtual patient design: exploring what works and why. A grounded theory study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Virtual patients (VPs) are online representations of clinical cases used in medical education. Widely adopted, they are well placed to teach clinical reasoning skills. International technology standards mean VPs can be created, shared and repurposed between institutions. A systematic review has highlighted the lack of evidence to support which of the numerous VP designs may be effective, and why. We set out to research the influence of VP design on medical undergraduates. Methods This is a grounded theory study into the influence of VP design on undergraduate medical students. Following a review of the literature and publicly available VP cases, we identified important design properties. We integrated them into two substantial VPs produced for this research. Using purposeful iterative sampling, 46 medical undergraduates were recruited to participate in six focus groups. Participants completed both VPs, an evaluation and a 1-hour focus group discussion. These were digitally recorded, transcribed and analysed using grounded theory, supported by computer-assisted analysis. Following open, axial and selective coding, we produced a theoretical model describing how students learn from VPs. Results We identified a central core phenomenon designated ‘learning from the VP’. This had four categories: VP Construction; External Preconditions; Student–VP Interaction, and Consequences. From these, we constructed a three-layer model describing the interactions of students with VPs. The inner layer consists of the student's cognitive and behavioural preconditions prior to sitting a case. The middle layer considers the VP as an ‘encoded object’, an e-learning artefact and as a ‘constructed activity’, with associated pedagogic and organisational elements. The outer layer describes cognitive and behavioural change. Conclusions This is the first grounded theory study to explore VP design. This original research has produced a model which enhances understanding of how and why the delivery and design of VPs influence learning. The model may be of practical use to authors, institutions and researchers. PMID:23662877

Bateman, James; Allen, Maggie; Samani, Dipti; Kidd, Jane; Davies, David

2013-01-01

466

Lattice design for the future ERL-based electron hadron colliders eRHIC and LHeC  

SciTech Connect

We present a lattice design of a CW Electron Recovery Linacs (ERL) for future electron hadron colliders eRHIC and LHeC. In eRHIC, an six-pass ERL installed in the existing Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) tunnel will collide 5-30 GeV polarized electrons with RHIC's 50-250 (325) GeV polarized protons or 20-100 (130) GeV/u heavy ions. In LHeC a stand-along, 3-pass 60 GeV CW ERL will collide polarized electrons with 7 TeV protons. After collision, electron beam energy is recovered and electrons are dumped at low energy. Two superconducting linacs are located in the two straight sections in both ERLs. The multiple arcs are made of Flexible Momentum Compaction lattice (FMC) allowing adjustable momentum compaction for electrons with different energies. The multiple arcs, placed above each other, are matched to the two linac's straight sections with splitters and combiners.

Trbojevic, D.; Beebe-Wang, J.; Hao, Y.; Litvinenko, V.N.; Ptitsyn, V.; Kayran, D.; Tsoupas, N.

2011-03-28

467

Participation in programs designed to improve employment outcomes for persons with psychiatric disabilities: evidence from the New York WORKS demonstration project.  

PubMed

The New York WORKS demonstration project was designed to improve employment outcomes for persons with psychiatric disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability payments. This article shows how the individual characteristics of participants were related to outcomes at each stage of the multistage recruitment process used in the project and how those characteristics contributed to enrollment. The findings are important to program administrators who are interested in ensuring that SSI recipients receive equal access to employment-related services and who want to improve recruitment strategies for future demonstration projects. The New York WORKS recruitment process used administrative records from the Social Security Administration (SSA) to identify the population of over 68,000 SSI recipients with a diagnosis of a psychiatric disability in Erie County and New York City. Staff involved in the project documented the results of each stage of the recruitment process. The New York WORKS project included four stages: (1) the provision of information (sending a letter and information packet); (2) demonstrated awareness of the project (response to a letter containing an overview of the project); (3) expression of interest (indication of interest in the project, using a postmarked form returned to New York WORKS project staff); and (4) participation (actual enrollment in the program). The project staff members were also able to identify data from administrative records that described the characteristics of the population, including age, sex, type of psychiatric diagnosis, the number of months that the person collected benefits before the recruitment process, employment experience before the recruitment process, and annual earnings in the year before the recruitment process. The data on outcomes at each stage of the recruitment process and the characteristics of SSI recipients were analyzed using an empirical method recently suggested by Heckman and Smith. The analysis identified the relationship between the characteristics of SSI recipients and the outcomes at each stage of the recruitment process and demonstrated how those characteristics contributed to the overall likelihood of enrollment. Demographic characteristics, information about diagnosis, and characteristics related to work history had different effects on outcomes at different stages of the recruitment process. For example, younger SSI recipients were less likely to reply to the information letter but more likely to express an interest in the project and more likely to enroll, given that interest. This result suggests that there may be an information barrier for the younger group of SSI recipients during the early recruitment stages. There were also interesting differences by psychiatric diagnosis and by recent employment experience at each stage of the process. Most notably, persons with anxiety disorders were less likely to express an interest in the project and less likely to enroll in the project if they expressed an interest. This finding suggests that project administrators may need to examine more effective methods to accommodate persons with an anxiety disorder at the enrollment stage of the recruitment process. Persons with relatively low earnings in the year before the project were more likely to respond, to express interest in the project, and to enroll than were those with no earnings and those with relatively high earnings. This finding suggests that the recruitment strategy used by the New York WORKS project is more effective at enrolling a subset of the population that has some demonstrated work capacity and that, of those with a demonstrated work capacity, New York WORKS is enrolling those who are likely to have the most to gain from the project. This finding has implications for the development of sample designs for other demonstration projects, in particular the SSA-proposed mental health treatment study. A number of strategies may lead to improvements in future evaluations of participation in SSA projects and programs. For exampl

Ruiz-Quintanilla, S Antonio; Weathers, Robert R; Melburg, Valerie; Campbell, Kimberly; Madi, Nawaf

468

Longitudinal design for sonographic measurement of median nerve swelling with controlled exposure to physical work using an animal model  

PubMed Central

This study examined the feasibility of a longitudinal design to sonographically measure swelling of the median nerve due to controlled exposure to a work task and to evaluate the relationship of changes in morphology to diagnostic standards. Fifteen macaca fascicularis pinched a lever in various wrist positions at a self-regulated pace (8 hours/day, 5 days/week, 18–20 weeks). Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and cross-sectional area (CSA) were obtained every two weeks from baseline through working and a 6-week recovery. Trending across all subjects showed that NCV slowed and CSA at the carpal tunnel increased in the working arm, while no changes were observed in CSA either at the forearm or for any measure in the non-working arm. There was a small negative correlation between NCV and CSA in the working arm. This study provides validation that swelling can be observed using a longitudinal design. Longitudinal human studies are needed to describe the trajectory of nerve swelling for early identification of median nerve pathology. PMID:24139197

Roll, Shawn C.; Evans, Kevin D.; Volz, Kevin R.; Sommerich, Carolyn M.

2013-01-01

469

Get Organized at Work! A Look inside the Game Design Process of Valve and Linden Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the configuration of modular and temporary organization designs. By drawing on two prominent developer firms, namely, Valve Inc. and Linden Lab, respectively, "cabals" and "studios" are explored. The results of interviews conducted with employees of these firms are used as evidence. The article demonstrates that, to various…

van der Graaf, Shenja

2012-01-01

470

WorkStream a design pattern for multicore-enabled finite element computations  

E-print Network

Software]: Finite element software--multicore com- puting; G.1.8 [Numerical Analysis]: Partial Differential Equations--finite element method. General Terms: Parallel algorithms, Software design, Multicore computing 1 of finite element software ­ the focus of this paper ­ these attempts have often targeted the inner loops

Bangerth, Wolfgang

471

World Wide Web working whilst ignoring graphics: good news for web page designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many web pages are made up of blocks of text with surrounding graphics. In some cases these graphics are animated in a variety of different ways. A common task of web users is to search the text on a web page for some information of interest and, often, this is what such pages’ designers expect. Where information extraction from text

Dan Diaper; P. Waelend

2000-01-01

472

A Birth Cohort Study: Conceptual and Design Considerations and Rationale. Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort 2000 (ECLS-B) is a study that will assess children's health status and their growth and development in domains that are critical for later school readiness and academic achievement. This paper is one of several that have been prepared in support of ECLS-B design efforts. It is anticipated that…

Moore, Kristin; Manlove, Jennifer; Richter, Kerry; Halle, Tamara; Le Menestrel, Suzanne; Zaslow, Martha; Greene, Angela Dungee; Mariner, Carrie; Romano, Angela; Bridges, Lisa

473

Embedding participatory design processes into everyday work activities: the case of video consultation services for paraplegics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We faced several challenges integrating participatory design methods within our current project that revolves around the implementation of video consultation services for paraplegics. Due to the high complexity in the care of paraplegics and interdependency between many different stakeholders being involved, knowledge and time are distributed resources, the latter additionally of scarce nature. In this paper we examine how a

Julia Klammer; Fred van den Anker; Monique Janneck

2010-01-01

474

Introducing Experimental Design by Evaluating Efficacy of Herbal Remedies (Do Herbal Remedies Really Work?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based upon experiments developed as part of a Directed Research course designed to provide undergraduate biology students experience in the principles and processes of the scientific method used in biological research. The project involved the evaluation of herbal remedies used in many parts of the world in the treatment of diseases…

Smith, Robert A.; Pontiggia, Laura; Waterman, Carrie; Lichtenwalner, Meghan

2010-01-01

475

Small-Scale Design Experiments as Working Space for Larger Mobile Communication Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, a design experiment using Instagram as a cultural probe is submitted as a method for analyzing the challenges that arise when considering the implementation of social media within a distributed communication space. It outlines how small, iterative investigations can reveal deeper research questions relevant to the education of…

Lowe, Sarah; Stuedahl, Dagny

2014-01-01

476

To Work or Play? Junior Age Non-Fiction as Objects of Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines change and variation in the design of non-fiction texts which have a junior-age readership. Argues that different forms of presentation of non-fiction offer different ways of reading non-fiction texts, which as yet are neither fully described nor recognized. Suggests that non-fiction texts can be more or less firmly orientated towards…

Moss, Gemma

2001-01-01

477

Beyond Design: Social Learning and Computer-Supported Cooperative Work: some lessons from Innovation Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that these attempts areimportant, but do not represent the sole contribution of the social sciences to theconception, creation and adoption of CSCW.We explore possible lessons from Innovation Studies for the development andprospects for CSCW, and argue that the experiences of existing processes of ITsystems design and implementation have important implications for the ways weconceptualise the social learning

Rob Procter; Robin Williams

1994-01-01

478

Travel behavior and objectively measured urban design variables: Associations for adults traveling to work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mixed land use, residential density, street connectivity, and commute distance have been identified as potential variables affecting transport-related physical activity (TPA) behaviors. In this study, objectively measured urban design variables and TPA behaviors for adults who commuted to an occupation (n=364) were examined. Utilitarian walking and cycling for other purposes were not investigated. Commute distance was negatively associated with TPA

Hannah M. Badland; Grant M. Schofield; Nick Garrett

2008-01-01

479

Indiana University chemists' work will aid drug design to target cancer and inflammatory disease  

Cancer.gov

Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have produced detailed descriptions of the structure and molecular properties of human folate receptor proteins, a key development for designing new drugs that can target cancer and inflammatory diseases without serious side effects. Indiana University is home to the Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center Cancer Center.

480

Preparing Students for Education, Work, and Community: Activity Theory in Task-Based Curriculum Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study describes how sociocultural and activity theory were applied in the design of a publicly funded, Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB)-based English as a Second Language (ESL) credential program and curriculum for immigrant and international students in postsecondary institutions in British Columbia, Canada. The ESL Pathways Project…

Campbell, Chris; MacPherson, Seonaigh; Sawkins, Tanis

2014-01-01

481

Will Value Based Benefit Design Work for Medicare Beneficiaries with Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined potential cost savings to the Medicare program associated with a “value based” approach to prescription drug benefit design (VBBD). Adherence to statin therapy has been demonstrated to reduce medical costs for Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes. Reductions in drug plan out of pocket (OOP) prices may increase medication adherence, increasing total and plan spending, but with cost offsets for

Amy Davidoff; Ruth Lopert; Bruce Stuart; Thomas Shaffer; Jennifer Lloyd; J. Samantha Shoemaker

2010-01-01

482

Experience based design: a practical method of working with patients to redesign services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe a study which aims to provide an alternative approach to clinical governance. This involves patients in redesigning services based on their actual experiences of health services. This will be of interest to front line health care staff and public and patient involvement leads. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper illustrates Experience Based

John Pickles; Elaine Hide; Lynne Maher

2008-01-01

483

Working through meetings (tutorial session)(abstract only): a framework for designing meeting support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goals and content: Through this tutorial, participants will: understand distinctions among various types of meetings and the role of various types of conversations in successful meetings; understand the importance of partnership for achieving team results in meetings; formulate plans for successful technological support for meetings. Participants will experience, through a series of connected exercises, an ad hoc meeting designed to

John Bennett; John Karat

1996-01-01

484

Effective Literacy Instruction Model Designed by IDRA Works in Rural and Urban Districts as Project SCALE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project SCALE (Satellite Centers for Adult Leadership), an innovative model for literacy instruction, was designed to serve Limited English Proficient (LEP) adults in the San Antonio (Texas) area. The project has received a Family English Literacy grant to replicate and improve this literacy instruction model with LEP adults in rural and urban…

Garza, Liz

1988-01-01

485

Assessment of steam work efficiency as applied to a turbine being designed  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Formulas for evaluating the relative internal efficiencies of turbines that have not been designed as yet are given in many publications. Such assessments are required at the first stages of development and calculation of the thermal process circuit of a new steam turbine unit. The above-mentioned formulas are given without indicating the author's name, particular initial material, and evaluation accuracy. To give an answer on these questions, the relevant publications were analyzed, and the results from calculations of relative internal efficiencies carried out using the published formulas and obtained from the hs diagrams of already designed turbines are compared. It is determined that Professor B.M. Troyanovskii, a well-known scientist specializing in turbines, is the author of these formulas. It is shown that these formulas give the "upper" (the best) estimate of efficiency. Formulas having the same structure as those of Troyanovskii but yielding a mean estimate with respect to already designed turbines are proposed. The results from the performed comparison are aimed at helping the developers of thermal process circuits for new steam turbine units to select the values of relative internal efficiencies of the cylinders for a turbine that has not been designed as yet.

Astvatsaturova, A. A.; Zorin, V. M.; Trukhnii, A. D.

2015-01-01

486

THE INFLUENCE OF SPATIAL WORKING MEMORY ON MOBILE LEARNING CONTENT DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst there are relatively well-established guidelines for desktop-based learning systems, new forms of learning activities with small handheld devices have yet to be firmly standardized. In light of this, there is a strong case for re- visiting some basic principles for mobile learning systems design, such as how to deliver learning content when a key assumption is that this should

Lily Li; Hokyoung Ryu; David Parsons

2009-01-01

487

International Workforce Initiatives: Definitions, Design Options, and Project Profiles. Working Paper Series. No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is intended for three primary audiences: international development professionals who want to define "workforce" for program design purposes, those who seek information about field activities, and those who want to reflect on the implementation of successful, high impact programs--whether they were broad-based or sector-specific…

Wright, J.W., Jr.

2010-01-01

488

School-to-Work Curricula in the Middle Schools: Design, Benefits, and Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 28 middle school staff regarding school-to-work STW curriculum implementation, focus, outcomes, and issues found a range of benefits provided to students. STW experiences contributed to young adolescent development, self-understanding, confidence, self-esteem, motivation, and responsibility--in other words, what middle schools were…

Finch, Curtis R.; Mooney, Marianne

2002-01-01