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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Future work design research and practice: Towards an elaborated model of work design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developments in work design theory have not kept pace with the changes occurring in the organizational landscape. We propose a theoretical framework that specié es é ve categories of work design variables that span individual, group and organizational levels of analysis. Specié cally, we propose an elaborated model of work design that includes: systematic consideration of antecedents of work characteristics;

Sharon K. Parker; Toby D. Wall; John L. Cordery

2001-01-01

2

Narrativity and multimodality in social work: designing the 'future positive  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narrativity inspires re-professionalization of social work and might be a way of framing new competencies and professions in social work. Interviews and role-playing online simu- lations serve as per formative arenas to explore individual and group development scenar- ios. Multimodality and modern digital devices vitalize practical research and social and cultural exchange. Introduction: narrativity and multimodality in social work For

Kees J. M. van Haaster

3

Accommodating future business intelligence: new work-space and work-time challenges for management and design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a synoptic account of the emerging knowledge-based forms of intelligent working and the new approaches to the management of space and time, so that groups, teams and individuals can work independently of location, time and place. The challenge for facility management and facility design is to provide fast response agile systems and short duration business space and

Stephen Bradley; Geoff Woodling

2000-01-01

4

Designing future photovoltaic systems  

SciTech Connect

The large scale use of photovoltaic systems to generate our electricity is a dream for the future; but if this dream is to be realized, we must understand these systems today. As a result, there has been extensive research into the design and economic tradeoffs of utility interconnected photovoltaic applications. The understanding gained in this process has shown that photovoltaic system design can be a very simple and straight-forward endeavor. This paper reviews those past studies and shows how we have reached the present state of system design evolution. The concept of the utility interactive PV system with energy value determined by the utility's avoided cost will be explored. This concept simplifies the screening of potential applications for economic viability, and we will present several rules-of-thumb for this purpose.

Jones, G.J.

1984-01-01

5

Kids Design the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Human Computer Interaction Lab at the University of Maryland wants children to have "a voice in making new technology for kids." To meet this goal, the group have organized a technology design team which brings together children (ages seven to eleven) and researchers from computer science, education, art, robotics, and other disciplines to meet twice a week and work on projects together. The teams write papers and create new technologies, most of which are available free to download from this website. Information on the group's design process and approach to teaching and learning is also provided.

6

Making design teams work  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, senior mechanical engineering students participate in a two semester capstone design project. The students work in teams on a problem provided by industry to create a realistic environment for using their engineering skills in an applied setting. This scenario provides not only a real design problem, it also produces the same people problems encountered

J. Elaine Seat; William A. Poppen; Kathy Boone; J. Roger Parsons

1996-01-01

7

Episodic future thought: Contributions from working memory.  

PubMed

The ability to imagine hypothetical events in one's personal future is thought to involve a number of constituent cognitive processes. We investigated the extent to which individual differences in working memory capacity contribute to facets of episodic future thought. College students completed simple and complex measures of working memory and were cued to recall autobiographical memories and imagine future autobiographical events consisting of varying levels of specificity (i.e., ranging from generic to increasingly specific and detailed events). Consistent with previous findings, future thought was related to analogous measures of autobiographical memory, likely reflecting overlapping cognitive factors supporting both past and future thought. Additionally, after controlling for autobiographical memory, residual working memory variance independently predicted future episodic specificity. We suggest that when imagining future events, working memory contributes to the construction of a single, coherent, future event depiction, but not to the retrieval or elaboration of event details. PMID:23681207

Hill, Paul F; Emery, Lisa J

2013-05-13

8

A postmodern spiritual future for work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contends that predictions of the end of work as we know it, and a bleak jobless future, as we head into the twenty-first century, derive from a modernist paradigm of work - a paradigm that has been the prevailing paradigm for the past 100 years. Seeks to provide a more hopeful and humane paradigm for the future of work -

Jerry Biberman; Michael Whitty

1997-01-01

9

Smart Design for Human Performance in the Office of the Future – Requirements towards Services and Technical Advises for Tomorrows Office Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The office of the future is a synonym of today’s needs and expectations towards prospective solutions and services which can\\u000a support human performance in the future office work. The development of such future services is on one hand affected by the\\u000a technical possibilities and on the other by the demands of changing and global work environment. The process of generating

Johannes Kriegel; Franziska Jehle; Christos Efstratiou; Lambert Zaad; Janina Heppner; Jürgen Hupp

10

Design of future surveys  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This brief chapter addresses two related issues: how effort should be allocated to different parts of the sampling plan and, given optimal allocation, how large a sample will be required to achieve the PRISM accuracy target. Simulations based on data collected to date showed that 2 plots per cluster on rapid surveys, 2 intensive camps per field crew-year, 2-4 intensive plots per intensive camp, and 2-3 rapid surveys per intensive plot is the most efficient allocation of resources. Using this design, we investigated how crew-years should be allocated to each region in order to meet the PRISM accuracy target most efficiently. The analysis indicated that 40-50 crew-years would achieve the accuracy target for 18-24 of the 26 species breeding widely in the Arctic. This analysis was based on assuming that two rounds of surveys were conducted and that a 50% decline occurred between them. We discuss the complexity of making these estimates and why they should be viewed as first approximations.

Bart, Jonathan; Smith, Paul A.

2012-01-01

11

Work design and patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the linkages between work design and patient safety. The focus is on nursing work; however, many of the concepts and methods are equally applicable to other healthcare professions. Work design relies on a large body of knowledge, including ergonomics, job stress and job\\/organizational design. First, a general framework of work design and patient safety is proposed. The

P. Carayon; C. J. Alvarado; A. Schoofs Hundt

2007-01-01

12

Work Practices and Cooperation in a Near Future and Far Future Operational Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter describes activities at the OECD Halden Reactor Project related to human performance issues associated with upgrades\\u000a and future plant designs. Special emphasis is given to work practices and cooperation between operators in a near and a far\\u000a future perspective. The paragraph on near future operational environments is based on the Work Practices research program,\\u000a which focuses on challenges

Magnhild Kaarstad; Espen Nystad; Stine Strand

13

Sociological Futures and the Sociology of Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay is a response to the call for a discussion about future trends in sociology by focusing broadly on the sub-discipline of work and employment. In doing so the piece directly engages with earlier interventions made by John Scott (2005) and Gayle Letherby (2005) in Sociological Research Online. It examines the current state of the sociology of work by

Tim Strangleman

2005-01-01

14

The Future of Work and Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The debate about work-family relationships must focus on the nature of family life, the place of women in the new economy, the needs of children, and the future of an aging population. Because the workplace has limited capacity to meet work-family needs, partnerships with government services are needed. (JOW)|

Edgar, Don

1999-01-01

15

Adult Learning and the Future of Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 15 papers: "Introduction" (Madhu Singh); "Adult Learning and the Transformation of Work" (Paul Belanger); "Future of Work and Adult Learning" (Ettore Gelpi); "The Obligation of Education in the Face of Globalisation" (Nicole Arnaud); "Lifelong Learning and Vocational Education and Training: A Teacher's and Trade Union View"…

Singh, Madhu, Ed.

16

OECD Work on Future Educational Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designing school buildings to respond to change is not a new idea. But perhaps what is different today is the kind and degree of change which we have to anticipate. The OECD is carrying out projects that can help in the planning and design of future educational facilities--exploring trends in education and studying innovative learning…

Theisens, Henno; Benavides, Francisco; Dumont, Hanna

2008-01-01

17

Accelerator design concept for future neutrino facilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document summarizes the work of the Accelerator Working Group (AWG) of the International Scoping Study (ISS) of a Future Neutrino Factory and Superbeam Facility. The main goal of the activity was to reach consensus on a baseline design for a Neutrino Factory complex, including proton driver parameters, choice of target, front-end design, acceleration system design, and decay ring geometry. Another goal was to explore the commonality, if any, between the proton driver for a Neutrino Factory and those for a Superbeam or Beta Beam facility. In general, the requirements for either of the latter facilities are less stringent than those for a Neutrino Factory. Here, we discuss concepts, parameters, and expected performance of the required subsystems for our chosen baseline design of a Neutrino Factory. We also give an indication of the main R&D tasks — many of which are already under way — that must be carried out to finalize facility design approaches.

ISS Accelerator Working Group; Apollonio, M.; Berg, J. S.; Blondel, A.; Bogacz, A.; Brooks, S.; Campagne, J.-E.; Caspar, D.; Cavata, C.; Chimenti, P.; Cobb, J.; Dracos, M.; Edgecock, R.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fabich, A.; Fernow, R.; Filthaut, F.; Gallardo, J.; Garoby, R.; Geer, S.; Gerigk, F.; Hanson, G.; Johnson, R.; Johnstone, C.; Kaplan, D.; Keil, E.; Kirk, H.; Klier, A.; Kurup, A.; Lettry, J.; Long, K.; Machida, S.; McDonald, K.; Méot, F.; Mori, Y.; Neuffer, D.; Palladino, V.; Palmer, R.; Paul, K.; Poklonskiy, A.; Popovic, M.; Prior, C.; Rees, G.; Rossi, C.; Rovelli, T.; Sandström, R.; Seviour, R.; Sievers, P.; Simos, N.; Torun, Y.; Vretenar, M.; Yoshimura, K.; Zisman, M. S.

2009-07-01

18

Accelerator Design Concept for Future Neutrino Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the findings of the Accelerator Working Group (AWG) of the International Scoping Study (ISS) of a Future Neutrino Factory and Superbeam Facility. The work of the group took place at three plenary meetings along with three workshops, and an oral summary report was presented at the NuFact06 workshop held at UC-Irvine in August, 2006. The goal was to reach consensus on a baseline design for a Neutrino Factory complex. One aspect of this endeavor was to examine critically the advantages and disadvantages of the various Neutrino Factory schemes that have been proposed in recent years.

ISS Accelerator Working Group; Zisman, Michael S; Berg, J. S.; Blondel, A.; Brooks, S.; Campagne, J.-E.; Caspar, D.; Cevata, C.; Chimenti, P.; Cobb, J.; Dracos, M.; Edgecock, R.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fabich, A.; Fernow, R.; Filthaut, F.; Gallardo, J.; Garoby, R.; Geer, S.; Gerigk, F.; Hanson, G.; Johnson, R.; Johnstone, C.; Kaplan, D.; Keil, E.; Kirk, H.; Klier, A.; Kurup, A.; Lettry, J.; Long, K.; Machida, S.; McDonald, K.; Meot, F.; Mori, Y.; Neuffer, D.; Palladino, V.; Palmer, R.; Paul, K.; Poklonskiy, A.; Popovic, M.; Prior, C.; Rees, G.; Rossi, C.; Rovelli, T.; Sandstrom, R.; Sevior, R.; Sievers, P.; Simos, N.; Torun, Y.; Vretenar, M.; Yoshimura, K.; Zisman, Michael S

2008-02-03

19

DASH: The Future of Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features the Design and Architecture Senior High (DASH). At DASH, educators instill in students that design is a unique answer to a problem. While fine art is a personal statement made for one's personal pleasure and vision, design addresses a problem and meets or exceeds clients' needs. "Education by Design" is the philosophy behind…

Ellyn, Tracy

2008-01-01

20

Design Patterns – Past, Present & Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Design Patterns are now a 15 year old thought experiment. And today, for many, Design Patterns have become part of the standard\\u000a development lexicon. This talk looks back to the origin of Design Patterns and how they evolved since their initial description.\\u000a I will then show patterns in action in the context of the Eclipse and Jazz platforms. Finally, I

Erich Gamma

2011-01-01

21

Future-Proofed Design for Sustainable Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This research investigates ‘best practice’ design and decision-making processes for achieving sustainable buildings and communities\\u000a over the long-term. Amongst the core objectives of strategic urban planning for sustainable communities is to accommodate\\u000a future changes, however this is not explicitly integrated into the planning and design processes. A framework of future-proofed\\u000a building design is proposed, which aims to bridge the gap

Maria-Christina Georgiadou; Theophilus Hacking

22

Designing the future of healthcare.  

PubMed

This paper describes the application of a holistic design process to a variety of problems plaguing current healthcare systems. A design process for addressing complex, multifaceted problems is contrasted with the piecemeal application of technological solutions to specific medical or administrative problems. The goal of this design process is the ideal customer experience, specifically the ideal experience for patients, healthcare providers, and caregivers within a healthcare system. Holistic design is shown to be less expensive and wasteful in the long run because it avoids solving one problem within a complex system at the cost of creating other problems within that system. The article applies this approach to the maintenance of good health throughout life; to the creation of an ideal experience when a person does need medical care; to the maintenance of personal independence as one ages; and to the enjoyment of a comfortable and dignified death. Virginia Mason Medical Center is discussed as an example of a healthcare institution attempting to create ideal patient and caregiver experiences, in this case by applying the principles of the Toyota Production System ("lean manufacturing") to healthcare. The article concludes that healthcare is inherently dedicated to an ideal, that science and technology have brought it closer to that ideal, and that design can bring it closer still. PMID:19745471

Fidsa, Gianfranco Zaccai

2009-01-01

23

The Future of Work and Leisure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Earlier projections of labor supply and speculations about the impact on values and lifestyles on work, leisure, and work-leisure relationships are reassessed in light of current events. Previous projections were the basis for three alternative scenarios of possible work-leisure relationships. The first examined some of the implications of…

Johnston, Denis F.

24

Fashion Design for a Projected Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using long-term forecasting techniques, an apparel design problem is developed to explore possible outcomes for a style of fashionable women's clothing in the relatively near future, approximately 10 to 20 years from now. The form of fashion design that exists outside of commercial constraints and is used to create drama on the runway is chosen to provide freedom in aesthetic

Annette Ames

2008-01-01

25

The MIT design studio of the future (video program)(abstract only): virtual design review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MIT Design Studio of the Future is an interdisciplinary effort to focus on geographically distributed electronic design and work group collaboration issues. The physical elements of this virtual studio comprise networked computer and videoconferencing connections among electronic design studios at MIT in Civil and Envioronmental Engineering, Architecture and Planning, Mechanical Engineering, the Lab for Computer Science, and the Rapid

Seraj Bharwani

1996-01-01

26

Designing the University of the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the future physical layout of the university in view of the profound social and cultural changes of our time that are affecting the structure of higher education in general and universities in particular. We suggest that the basic architectural prototypes of university design should be re-examined in view of these changes.…

Hashimshony, Rifca; Haina, Jacov

2006-01-01

27

Designing the University of the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the future physical layout of the university in view of the profound social and cultural changes of our time that are affecting the structure of higher education in general and universities in particular. We suggest that the basic architectural prototypes of university design should be re-examined in view of these changes.…

Hashimshony, Rifca; Haina, Jacov

2006-01-01

28

Design or "Design"--Envisioning a Future Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenging the common grand vision of Design, this article considers "design" as a humble re-forming process based on evidence to substantiate its results. The designer is likened to a tinker who respects previous iterations of a design and seeks to retain what is useful while improving its performance. A design process is offered, illustrated…

Sless, David

2012-01-01

29

Design or "Design"--Envisioning a Future Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Challenging the common grand vision of Design, this article considers "design" as a humble re-forming process based on evidence to substantiate its results. The designer is likened to a tinker who respects previous iterations of a design and seeks to retain what is useful while improving its performance. A design process is offered, illustrated…

Sless, David

2012-01-01

30

The Bases of Future Work in Nuclear Energy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper takes cognizance of the fact that Yugoslavia will in the foreseable future undertake the construction of nuclear power plants and deals with the bases of its future research and development work in the field of nuclear energy. Starting from the ...

A. Moljk

1968-01-01

31

The Future of Work: Some Prospects and Perspectives. A Compilation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of what the future of work in the United States will be is examined in this publication using current information on trends and issues related to work, the economy, and the labor force. The compilation intended to give an overview of selected aspects of the topic and provide information about other resources. In the first section,…

Cho, DaeYeon; Imel, Susan

32

Alternative Technology, Self-Sufficiency and the Future of Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report studies ways to improve peoples' social welfare while using fewer resources. The report addresses technological choice and research design; work, self-exploitation, and economic growth; alternative work and alternative production; practical di...

P. Read

1980-01-01

33

Organizational Response to Conflict: Future Conflict and Work Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine how on organization's response to conflict affected the amount and intensity of future conflict and negative work outcomes. In this cross-sectional study of 3,374 government service workers, bivariate correlations and multiple regressions revealed associations between managers' conflict-handling style…

Meyer, Susan

2004-01-01

34

Executive Committee Working Group Future Large Scale Facilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some 10 years ago the IAU Executive Committee created a Working Group on Future Large Scale Facilities, but its activities have fallen somewhat into abeyance in the last few years. It has been decided to revive the group, and Roger Davies (Oxford) has agreed to chair it.

Davies, Roger; Corbett, I.; Ekers, R.; Green, R.; Iye, M.; Kraan-Korteweg, R.; Ruiz, M. T.; Tacconi, L.; Tarenghi, M.; Wilson, C.; Zhao, G.

2012-04-01

35

Ethnic Sensitive Social Work Practice: Back to the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the history and future directions of ethnic sensitive social work practice. We highlight the context within which the approach was developed and current sociodemographic trends. The various rights movements of the sixties and seventies pointed to the need to refocus on social class and ethnicity. The new demographic landscape, largely a function policies, reinforces the

Elfriede G. Schlesinger; Wynetta Devore

2007-01-01

36

Designing the future of collaborative science: Argonne's Futures Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argonne National Laboratory created its Computing and Communications Infrastructure Futures Laboratory to develop next-generation computing and communications infrastructure systems. An important goal of the Futures Lab project is to understand how to incorporate advanced display and media server systems into scientific computing environments. The objective is to create new collaborative environment technologies that combine advanced networking, virtual-space technology, and high-end

T. L. Disz; R. Evard; M. W. Henderson; W. Nickless; R. Olson; M. E. Papka; R. Stevens

1995-01-01

37

Digital work design tools for FTTP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital work design (DWD) tools have been applied to FTTP. An extensive ergonomic analysis of a new local convergence point (LCP) product, conducted in a 3D virtual world, has resulted in an improved product with reduced number of product design iterations. Application of these tools can reduce both labor costs and time-to-market and help ensure that network elements are \\

A. J. Johnson; G. Collier; S. Sarama; J. Charland; A. Dagenais; D. McGranahan

2006-01-01

38

European research on future Internet design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future Internet has become the federating theme for European research on communication networks and services. At the core lies research on communication networks toward an efficient, scalable, and reliable future Internet coupled with research on the underlying technologies, in particular mobile and wireless access and optical networks. This article first presents the motivation for a bold initiative for future Internet

Peter Stuckmann; Rainer Zimmermann

2009-01-01

39

[Recently graduated dentists: working situation and future plans].  

PubMed

The Dutch Dental Association (NMT) surveyed dentists who graduated in 2004, 2005 or 2006 concerning their work situation and plans for the future. They were also asked about their experiences at the start of their career In general, the recently graduated dentists did not face difficulties at the start of their professional life. Most dentists worked in the practice of a colleague, but the majority ultimately wanted to have their own practice. The latter applied more to men than women. Furthermore, there was a clear preference for working within a team and most of them planned to specialize in a specific branch of dentistry. The survey also revealed that the delegation of tasks to dental hygienists and prevention assistants was more or less taken for granted by recently graduated dentists. PMID:19791494

van Dam, B A F M; den Boer, J C L; Bruers, J J M

2009-09-01

40

Shaping the future: reforming routine emergency nursing work.  

PubMed

The provision of emergency care, for many A&E nurses, is dependent upon taken-for-granted assumptions, associated with the ongoing management of the changing shape of the work. In particular, routine working practices and procedures reflect a collective ideology of A&E nursing labour which involves moving people on and out of the emergency department. Subscribing to this ideology and realizing good shape provides nurses with a feeling that they are in control of their work and have done a good job. Analysis of the NHS Plan has identified that the Government's goals for reform support as well as challenge the ways in which nurses currently strive towards maintaining the good shape of their work. In particular, the ideology of patient-centredness and the Chief Nursing Officer's ten key roles for nurses, provide an opportunity for nurses to explore the ways in which they can cultivate their routine activities and contribute to the shape of future emergency nursing work. PMID:11855767

Sbaih, L C

2001-10-01

41

Making light work: illuminating the future of biomedical optics.  

PubMed

In 1996, the Royal Society held a Discussion Meeting entitled 'Near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging of living systems'. In 2010, this topic was revisited in a Theo Murphy Royal Society Scientific Discussion Meeting entitled 'Making light work: illuminating the future of biomedical optics'. The second meeting provided the opportunity for leading researchers to reflect on how the technology, methods and applications have evolved over the past 14 years and assess where they have made a major impact. Particular emphasis was placed on discussions of future prospects and associated challenges. This Introduction provides an overview of the state of the art of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and biomedical optics, with specific reference to the contributed papers from the invited speakers included in this issue. Importantly, we also reflect on the contributions from all of the attendees by highlighting the issues raised during oral presentations, facilitated panel sessions and discussions, and use these to summarize the current opinion on the development and application of optical systems for use in the clinical and life sciences. A notable outcome from the meeting was a plan to establish a biennial international conference for developers and users of NIRS technologies. PMID:22006895

Elwell, Clare E; Cooper, Chris E

2011-11-28

42

Division XII / Commission 5 / Working Group Designations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the 2003 Sydney IAU meeting, Marion Schmitz (Caltech, USA) took over the chair of the Commission 5 Working Group Designations, succeeding Helene Dickel. The Working Group Designations of IAU Commission 5 clarifies existing astronomical nomenclature and helps astronomers avoid potential problems when designating their sources. The most important function of WG Designations during the period 2003-2005 was overseeing the IAU REGISTRY FOR ACRONYMS (for newly discovered astronomical sources of radiation: see the website ) which is sponsored by the WG and operated by the Centre de Données de Strasbourg (CDS). The Clearing House, a subgroup of the WG, screens the submissions for accuracy and conformity to the IAU Recommendations for Nomenclature (). From its beginning in 1997 through August 2006, there have been 132 submissions and 111 acceptances. Attempts to register asterisms, common star names, and suspected variable stars were rejected. The past three years saw 61 acronyms submitted with 50 of them being accepted. (GIRL - yes; WOMEN - no).

Schmitz, Marion; Andernach, Heinz J.; Borde, Suzanne; Borne, Kirk D.; Cowley, Anne P.; Dickel, Helene R.; Dubois, Pascal; Gallagher, John S.; Genova, Françoise; Hodge, Paul W.; Hunstead, Richard W.; Lortet, Marie-Claire; Lubowich, Donald A.; Malkov, Oleg Yu.; Nagata, Tetsuya; Ochsenbein, François; Urban, Sean E.; Vishniac, Ethan T.; Warren, Wayne H.; Zacharias, Norbert

2007-12-01

43

Component-based design for the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation. The specific root causes of the design problems that are haunting system companies such as automotive and avionics companies are complex and relate to a number of issues ranging from design processes and relationships with different departments of the same company and with suppliers 1 to incomplete requirement specification and testing. 2 Further, there is a widespread consensus in

Edward A. Lee; Alberto L. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

2011-01-01

44

Design Requirements for Future Commercial Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Design requirements for helicopters stemming from civil operations are discussed. The offshore oil and gas industry is and will continue to be the main application of civil helicopters. Development of other commercial markets will require major improvemen...

F. F. J. Schaper

1987-01-01

45

Safety by design and future developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the giant leaps that technology has taken in the past few years, some professions are still largely artistic. A good example of this is the profession of design. Designers produce products that are efficient, attractive, practical, but not safe. This is because most Universities around the world fail to include safety and health issues into their curriculum. To overcome that flaw, a rule-based tool was designed to assist designers in pointing out the unsafe conditions in their designs. This tool, that utilizes expert systems technologies, took five years to reach its current version. The tool is called TEXPERT. The latest version of TEXPERT underwent a number of changes and continued growth. This year's efforts resulted in the selection of a focus area and investigations into the selection of two technologies (demolition and decontamination- D&D) by which to validate the program. Validation and expansion of the rule-base continued with an emphasis on those components necessary for D&D. Research in object-oriented prototypes, determination of report-format and approach, and development of an initial visual project builder interface were also accomplished. Latest accomplishments included the development of new components, two-way interactions, and the implementation of a maintainable component database that the user interface can use to build the current library that will be available in the menu system.

Akladios, Magdy; McMullin, Dianne; Gopalakrishnan, Bhaskaran; Becker, Paul E.; Carr, Michael; Lobo, Paul; Farmani, Maryam; Decker, Andrew

2001-10-01

46

Challenge of Future EW System Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electronic warfare (EW) has emerged as a critical driving force in modern warfare. New generations of weapon systems directly impact EW requirements and strategies. Modern combat aircraft are faced with a drastic change of a possible threat scenario consisting of a mix of Western and Eastern weapon systems. The deployment of advanced pulse doppler radar systems in A/A and G/A application augmented by extensive electro-optic capabilities, directed energy weapons (laser or particle beam), and electromagnetic/shockwave weapons requires a detailed reassessment of NATO EW processes. The complexity and diversity of future threat scenarios necessitate changes in NATO EW system concepts, and an update of existing equipment including modifications of tactics and combinations of EW resources to improve survivability.

1994-05-01

47

Models of Design: Envisioning a Future Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers a large-scale view of how design fits in the world economy today, and the role of design education in preparing designers for their economic and professional role. The current context of design involves broad-based historical changes including a major redistribution of geopolitical and industrial power from the West to the…

Friedman, Ken

2012-01-01

48

A Future in Fashion: Designing Wearable Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Art instructors are ever mindful of the need to introduce and encourage the possibilities of careers in the art field. The longer the author has been teaching art, the more aware she has become of the many wonderful art-related jobs and careers that exist. Fashion design, marketing and retail are three areas in which many students--male and…

Brew, Charl Anne

2009-01-01

49

Future ground-based telescopes design requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current trends in astronomical research necessitate a large number of small to medium sized telescopes be commissioned to support and augment the science goals of larger ground-based observatories and space observatories. The science mission requirements for these telescopes vary widely, yet the critical design requirements for the telescopes are largely consistent across many missions. This paper clarifies the critical functional

Michael Ramsay; Robert Sobek; Blaise Canzian; Jeffrey Maloney

2010-01-01

50

Risk-informed design guidance for future reactor systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future reactor designs face an uncertain regulatory environment. It is anticipated that there will be some level of probabilistic insights in the regulations and supporting regulatory documents for Generation-IV nuclear reactors. Central to current regulations are design basis accidents (DBAs) and the general design criteria (GDC), which were established before probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) were developed. These regulations implement a

Michael J. Delaney; George E. Apostolakis; Michael J. Driscoll

2005-01-01

51

The future of prodrugs - design by quantum mechanics methods.  

PubMed

Introduction: The revolution in computational chemistry greatly impacted the drug design and delivery fields, in general, and recently the utilization of the prodrug approach in particular. The use of ab initio, semiempirical and molecular mechanics methods to understand organic reaction mechanisms of certain processes, especially intramolecular reactions, has opened the door to design and to rapidly produce safe and efficacious delivery of a wide range of active small molecule and biotherapeutics such as prodrugs. Areas covered: This article provides the readers with a concise overview of this modern approach to prodrug design. The use of computational approaches, such as density functional theory (DFT), semiempirical and ab initio molecular orbital methods, in modern prodrugs design will be discussed. The novel prodrug approach to be reported in this review implies prodrug design based on enzyme model (mimicking enzyme catalysis) that has been utilized to understand how enzymes work. The tool used in the design is a computational approach consisting of calculations using molecular orbital and molecular mechanics methods (DFT, ab initio and MM2) and correlations between experimental and calculated values of intramolecular processes that were used to understand the mechanism by which enzymes might exert their high rates catalysis. Expert opinion: The future of prodrug technology is exciting yet extremely challenging. Advances must be made in understanding the chemistry of many organic reactions that can be effectively utilized to enable the development of even more types of prodrugs. Despite the increase in the number of marketed prodrugs, we have only started to appreciate the potential of the prodrug approach in modern drug development, and the coming years will witness many novel prodrug innovations. PMID:23540707

Karaman, Rafik; Fattash, Beesan; Qtait, Alaa

2013-03-31

52

Designer materials for a secure future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Materials for armor applications are increasingly being required to be strong and light-weight as a consequence of increasing threat levels. We focus on materials response subjected to impact loads, understanding deformation and failure mechanisms, and developing validated mechanism-based models capable of predicting materials response under high rate loading conditions. As a specific example, we will examine the dynamic behavior of nanocrystalline aluminum using atomistic simulations. The dynamic behavior of this material is discussed in terms of competing deformation mechanisms--slip and twinning. Insights from high strain rate atomistic simulations were used in developing a fundamental mechanism-based analytical model to assist in the microstructural design of advanced materials to tailor their macroscopic properties.

Daphalapurkar, Nitin P.; Ramesh, K. T.

2012-05-01

53

American RadioWorks: Design of Desire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wants are much different than needs, though it would seem that various groups do a very good job of convincing individuals that they need all types of consumer goods. This rather insightful documentary from American RadioWorks looks into the world of buying and selling by talking with marketers, scientists, designers, and others. Produced by Chris Julin, Ochen Kaylan, and Ellen Guettler, the documentary explores topics such as the science behind shopping and the quest to market products directly to teenagers. Visitors can listen to the entire program here, read the transcript, take the "spendthrift-tightwad survey", and also view photographs of the American shopping experience. Additionally, visitors can take a look at their very thorough set of external links and resources on this subject.

Julin, Chris; Kaylan, Ochen; Guettler, Ellen

54

Engineering futures: Female students, careers, and work\\/life balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research project was to examine the content of engineering students imagined futures. We asked 347 students from a large undergraduate engineering program to list ten salient events they imagined in their future, as well as to list the ages at which they wanted to realize those milestones. We also surveyed them about their learning strategies and

Jonathan C. Hilpert; Melissa L. Carrion; Jenefer Husman; Laura Baughman

2011-01-01

55

Mixing ideas: a new technique for working with young children as design partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets forth a new technique for working with young children as design partners. Mixing ideas is presented as an additional Cooperative Inquiry design technique used to foster effective collaboration with young children (ages 4-6). The method emerged from our work with children on the Classroom of the Future project at the University of Maryland. A case study of

Mona Leigh Guha; Allison Druin; Gene Chipman; Jerry Alan Fails; Sante Simms; Allison Farber

2004-01-01

56

A descriptive analysis of music therapists working with consumers in substance abuse rehabilitation: Current clinical practice to guide future research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine music therapists working with consumers in treatment for substance abuse with the intention of using these data to design realistic and practical research studies and inform future music therapists of what to expect as a Board-Certified Music Therapist working with this population. The secondary purpose of this study was to assess

Michael J. Silverman

2009-01-01

57

Computer-Aided Fixture Design – A Review and Future Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fixture design is an important process design activity, for which automation is critical for the integration of computer-aided\\u000a design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM). In this paper, a review of the state of the art approaches of fixture design\\u000a is provided. The current drawbacks of the existing approaches and the research areas to focus on in the near future are also

J. Cecil

2001-01-01

58

Future Competences–Competences for New Ways of Working  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, knowledge work used to be carried out mainly in offices. Nowadays, as a result of globalization, and as information and communication technologies are advancing at an ever increasing speed, the contents of work are changing. This has led to new ways of working – such as mobile, multi-locational, remote, flexible, distributed, and virtual work – becoming more

Johan Lönnblad; Matti Vartiainen

2012-01-01

59

Working Paper on the Future of Library Automation at Stanford.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A number of important factors require Stanford University to review the progress and future implications of technological innovations in the library for the community of scholars which it serves. These factors include: The general economic climate of the ...

D. C. Weber

1971-01-01

60

Extreme Adaptive Optics Testbed: Results and Future Work  

SciTech Connect

'Extreme' adaptive optics systems are optimized for ultra-high-contrast applications, such as ground-based extrasolar planet detection. The Extreme Adaptive Optics Testbed at UC Santa Cruz is being used to investigate and develop technologies for high-contrast imaging, especially wavefront control. A simple optical design allows us to minimize wavefront error and maximize the experimentally achievable contrast before progressing to a more complex set-up. A phase shifting diffraction interferometer is used to measure wavefront errors with sub-nm precision and accuracy. We have demonstrated RMS wavefront errors of <1.3 nm and a contrast of >10{sup -7} over a substantial region using a shaped pupil. Current work includes the installation and characterization of a 1024-actuator Micro-Electro-Mechanical- Systems (MEMS) deformable mirror, manufactured by Boston Micro-Machines, which will be used for wavefront control. In our initial experiments we can flatten the deformable mirror to 1.8-nm RMS wavefront error within a control radius of 5-13 cycles per aperture. Ultimately this testbed will be used to test all aspects of the system architecture for an extrasolar planet-finding AO system.

Evans, J W; Sommargren, G; Poyneer, L; Macintosh, B; Severson, S; Dillon, D; Sheinis, A; Palmer, D; Kasdin, J; Olivier, S

2004-07-15

61

Instructional Design Issues for Current and Future Interactive Video Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses some of the issues that instructional designers will face in the near future and ways to deal with new instructional affordances and constraint, including: Menu and Audio, Video, Subpicture Interleaved, Streamlining Digital Media (MAVSI-SDM); three-dimensional flowcharting; designing multi-faceted storyboards and scripts; managing…

Hadley, James A.; Bentley, Joanne; Christiansen, Todd P.

2003-01-01

62

Designing Educational Futures: An Application of Comparative Futurology to Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prediction is made of a change in the role of the teacher from dispenser of knowledge to a learning facilitator and an "anticipatory design science" specialist. A description is given of a workshop seminar focusing on the process of designing educational futures so that teachers can gain direct experience with policy study and formation. This…

Clatworthy, F. James

63

Design point studies for future spherical torus devices  

SciTech Connect

A Systems Code analysis has been developed which provides a tool for the assessment of design points for future spherical torus (ST) devices. The code includes algorithms for plasma physics as well as engineering aspects, which are necessarily simplified but sufficient to capture the essential design-driving considerations. This paper describes the methodology and presents some example cases from ongoing studies.

Neumeyer, C. L. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL; Rutherford, P. H. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)

2003-01-01

64

Ten Questions about the Future of Art and Design Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Asks ten questions about the future of art, crafts, and design education. Focuses on why art, crafts, and design education should be included in the curriculum; how the curriculum should be defined; and how art educators should respond to conflicting calls for cultural relativism and for cultural nationalism. (DSK)|

Steers, John

1997-01-01

65

Work-related Reproductive, Musculoskeletal and Mental Disorders among Working Women-History, Current Issues and Future Research Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the recent changes of working environments and socio-economical conditions, the proportion of working women are increasing in Japan. Characteristics of occupational workload and stress of Japanese working women are consistent with those in many industrialized countries except man-dominant culture. In this review we describe the history, current issues, and future research directions on occupational health of working women,

Reiko KISHI; Teruyo KITAHARA; Ayumi MASUCHI; Setsuko KASAI

2002-01-01

66

The Future of Working Wisconsin. Proceedings from "The Future of Working Wisconsin" Conference (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, February 24-26, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following are among the 45 papers included in this proceedings: "Labor Force Changes in the United States: Implications for Education and Training" (Kutscher); "Industry, Employment, and Family Income: Wisconsin's Status" (Stoner); "Future Demographic and Social Trends" (Zach); "International Business in Wisconsin's Future" (Shank);…

Wacker, Gabrielle Banick, Ed.

67

Ecological interface design for petrochemical applications: supporting operator adaptation, continuous learning, and distributed, collaborative work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future support systems for operators of petrochemical refineries will have to support operator adaptation to unanticipated events, foster continuous learning, and facilitate distributed, collaborative work. This paper describes Ecological Interface Design, a candidate framework for human–computer interface design that has the potential to fulfill these diverse demands. Support for adaptation and continuous learning is demonstrated though the design of a

Greg A. Jamieson; Kim J. Vicente

2001-01-01

68

Do Computerised Training Programmes Designed to Improve Working Memory Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical review of working memory training research during the last 10 years is provided. Particular attention is given to research that has attempted to investigate the efficacy of commercially marketed computerised training programmes such as "Cogmed" and "Jungle Memory". Claimed benefits are questioned on the basis that research methodologies…

Apter, Brian J. B.

2012-01-01

69

Improving the Quality of Work Life: Work Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper attempts to advance current understanding about such questions as why work redesign is effective when it is, what goes wrong when it isn't and how the strategy can be altered to improve its general usefulness as an approach to personal and organ...

J. R. Hackman

1975-01-01

70

Future Work: Faculty Time in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that time is the single most important asset of college faculty and administrators and that, in the future, management of that time will be an increasingly important function of college administration. Ways to optimize use of time-related resources are outlined. (MSE)

Plater, William M.

1995-01-01

71

The Future and Social Work: A Global Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work is inadequately focused on an individual deficit view of social problems. Consideration of global social problems such as environmental degradation and poverty requires fundamental shifts in thinking about economics and our cultural history. Possibilities for social work intervention, based on transformational thinking about the…

Mary, Nancy L.; Morris, Teresa

1994-01-01

72

Remember the future: working memory training decreases delay discounting among stimulant addicts  

PubMed Central

Background Excessive discounting of future rewards has been observed in a variety of disorders and has been linked to both the valuation of the past, and memory of past events. Methods To explore the functionality of discounting and memory, we examined whether training working memory would result in less discounting of future rewards. In the present study, 27 adults in treatment for their stimulant use were randomly assigned to receive either working memory training or control training according to a yoked experimental design. Measures of delay discounting and several other cognitive behaviors were assessed pre- and post-training. Results Rates of discounting of delayed rewards were significantly reduced among those who received memory training but were unchanged among those who received control training; other cognitive assessments were not affected by memory training. Discount rates were positively correlated with memory training performance measures. Conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating that neurocognitive training on working memory decreases delay discounting. These results offer further evidence of a functional relationship between delay discounting and working memory.

Bickel, Warren K.; Yi, Richard; Landes, Reid D.; Hill, Paul F.; Baxter, Carole

2010-01-01

73

Designing Groupware Applications: A Work-Centered Design Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Group-ware is about group-work. It is about developing technologies that support the way people communicate and collaborate to accomplish work goals in the context of personal, managerial and organizational imperatives. In contrast to single user applications which support peoples' tasks, groupware supports peoples' work. Tasks are often explicit, ob- servable and concrete. Work is often tacit, invisible and amorphous. The

KATE EHRLICH

1999-01-01

74

Social Working Memory: Neurocognitive Networks and Directions for Future Research  

PubMed Central

Navigating the social world requires the ability to maintain and manipulate information about people’s beliefs, traits, and mental states. We characterize this capacity as social working memory (SWM). To date, very little research has explored this phenomenon, in part because of the assumption that general working memory systems would support working memory for social information. Various lines of research, however, suggest that social cognitive processing relies on a neurocognitive network (i.e., the “mentalizing network”) that is functionally distinct from, and considered antagonistic with, the canonical working memory network. Here, we review evidence suggesting that demanding social cognition requires SWM and that both the mentalizing and canonical working memory neurocognitive networks support SWM. The neural data run counter to the common finding of parametric decreases in mentalizing regions as a function of working memory demand and suggest that the mentalizing network can support demanding cognition, when it is demanding social cognition. Implications for individual differences in social cognition and pathologies of social cognition are discussed.

Meyer, Meghan L.; Lieberman, Matthew D.

2012-01-01

75

Solutions to future resource problems by engineering design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The designer of mechanical equipment and products already has the guidelines and supporting data to adopt the non-waste technology concept. A non-waste technology future must first solve the problems of finite raw materials, the threat of energy shortages, and rapid pollution. Short-term solutions to these problems will involve recycling, but long-term solutions will require methodical design to prevent these situations

van den Kroonenberg

1979-01-01

76

Future view of advanced investigation and construction work in port area  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of investigation and construction of port facilities is to increase in the future. Mechanization of both investigation work and construction work is necessary for safer and more efficient underwater work. We are studying Towed AUVs and Amphibious Walking Robots for investigation work and Teleoperated Underwater Backhoes and Underwater Grasp Machines for construction work. Each machine is used not

Junichi Akizono; Toshinari Tanaka; Hiroshi Sakai; Taketsugu Hirabayashi; Takashi Yamamoto; Makoto Utsumi; Kazuhiro Shirai

2004-01-01

77

Planning for the Future: An Investigation of Work-Bound Rural Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the postsecondary educational and occupational expectations of work-bound rural youth. Three groups of work-bound youth were identified (work-bound, work-bound with future educational plans, and work-bound but unsure/undecided about postsecondary education), and each group was compared to college-bound…

Hutchins, Bryan C.; Meece, Judith L.; Byun, Soo-yong; Farmer, Thomas W.

2012-01-01

78

Social responses to virtual humans: implications for future interface design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do human-human social interactions carry over to human- virtual human social interactions? How does this affect future interface designers? We replicated classical tests of social influence known as the social facilitation and inhibition effects. Social facilitation\\/inhibition theory states that when in the presence of others, people perform simple tasks better and complex tasks worse. Participants were randomly assigned to perform

Catherine Amine Zanbaka; Amy Catherine Ulinski; Paula Goolkasian; Larry F. Hodges

2007-01-01

79

Commentary on ``Future directions: Building technologies and design tools``  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a number of interesting and thought-provoking scenarios about the future use of advanced technology in the design and operation of commercial buildings. I will express my reactions in the following series of short paragraphs. These thoughts will, I hope, raise some new questions and offer fruitful directions for further exploration.

Quadrel, R.W.

1992-08-10

80

Commentary on Future directions: Building technologies and design tools''  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a number of interesting and thought-provoking scenarios about the future use of advanced technology in the design and operation of commercial buildings. I will express my reactions in the following series of short paragraphs. These thoughts will, I hope, raise some new questions and offer fruitful directions for further exploration.

Quadrel, R.W.

1992-08-10

81

Photovoltaic concentrators: performance and reliability data and future design directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will summarize the status and discuss likely future directions of photovoltaic concentrator technology. A current commercial Si cell module has a peak efficiency of 15.5%, and 17% has been reached for an experimental module. Advanced cells and module design improvements offer still higher efficiencies. Concentrator Fresnel lens array fields installed several years ago have all demonstrated very good

M. W. Edenburn; E. C. Boes

1984-01-01

82

Photovoltaic concentrators: Performance and reliability data and future design directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will summarize the status and discuss likely future directions of photovoltaic concentrator technology. A current commercial Si cell module has a peak efficiency of 15.5%, and 17% has been reached for an experimental module. Advanced cells and module design improvements offer still higher efficiencies. Concentrator Fresnel lens array fields installed several years ago have all demonstrated very good

Edenbrum

1984-01-01

83

Mexican American Seventh Graders' Future Work and Family Plans: Associations with Cultural Experiences and Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We describe Mexican American seventh graders' expectations for future work and family roles and investigate links between patterns of future expectations and adolescents' cultural experiences and adjustment. Adolescents participated in home interviews and a series of seven nightly phone calls. Five unique patterns of adolescents' future

Cansler, Emily; Updegraff, Kimberly A.; Simpkins, Sandra D.

2012-01-01

84

Economic and technical criteria for designing future off-shore HVDC grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the scope of a recently launched European Research Project, a team of experts from public laboratories and TSO is in charge of defining the concepts and methodological approaches to design and analyse the technical and economic feasibility of future HVDC grids. This work aims at identifying, assessing and comparing several possible HVDC network topologies, with appropriate control and protection

K. Bell; D. Cirio; A. M. Denis; L. He; C. C. Liu; G. Migliavacca; C. Moreira; P. Panciatici

2010-01-01

85

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR CONSTRUCTION: RECENT WORK AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY: Advancing the application of information technology in construction is a major international research and innovation endeavour of concern to scientific establishments and industry. A significant focal point for this research, in terms of its dissemination and the derivation of a shared research agenda, has been the working commission concerned with IT for construction within the International Council for Innovation

Robert Amor; Gustav Coetzee; Martin Sexton

2001-01-01

86

Creating Online Worlds: The Future of Student Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 20th century, student work was dominated by paper-print assignments, particularly essays. This was a reflection of the dominant media technology of that century--books, magazines, newspapers, radio, and television. But those days are gone. In the 21st century, the dominant media technology of today's students is the Internet. In addition to…

Riegle, Rodney P.

2007-01-01

87

Putting the Brain to Work: Neuroergonomics Past, Present, and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors describe research and applications in prominent areas of neuroergonomics. Background: Because human factors\\/ergonomics examines behavior and mind at work, it should include the study of brain mechanisms underlying human performance. Methods: Neuroergonomic studies are reviewed in four areas: workload and vigilance, adaptive automation, neuroengineering, and molecular genetics and individual differences. Results: Neuroimaging studies have helped identify the

Raja Parasuraman; Glenn F. Wilson

2008-01-01

88

Creating Online Worlds: The Future of Student Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the 20th century, student work was dominated by paper-print assignments, particularly essays. This was a reflection of the dominant media technology of that century--books, magazines, newspapers, radio, and television. But those days are gone. In the 21st century, the dominant media technology of today's students is the Internet. In addition…

Riegle, Rodney P.

2007-01-01

89

Designing programs that check their work  

Microsoft Academic Search

A program correctness checker is an algorithm for checking the output of a computation. This paper defines the concept of a program checker. It designs program checkers for a few specific and carefully chosen problems in the class P of problems solvable in polynomial time. It also applies methods of modern cryptography, especially the idea of a probabilistic interactive proof,

Manuel Blum; S. Kanna

1989-01-01

90

Designing programs that check their work  

Microsoft Academic Search

A program correctness checker is an algorithm for checking the output of a computation. That is, given a program and an instance on which the program is run, the checker certifies whether the output of the program on that instance is correct. This paper defines the concept of a program checker. It designs program checkers for a few specific and

Manuel Blum; Sampath Kannan

1995-01-01

91

The Blueprint for Life/Work Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Blueprint" is a common framework of career development competencies that students and adults anywhere in Canada or the United States need to master in order to be successful and self-reliant in planning and managing their careers in a rapidly changing, knowledge-age labor market. A practical resource designed for career professionals, the…

Jarvis, Phil; Richardt, Joan

92

Macroergonomics: Work System Analysis and Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Our goal was to briefly describe how macroergonomics was developed to fill a void in human factors and ergonomics. Background: A study commissioned by the Human Factors Society in 1978 resulted in the formalization of a new subdiscipline of human factors, called organizational design and management, which eventually was coined macroergonomics.Method: Differentiators of macroergonomics are presented along with methods

Brian M. Kleiner

2008-01-01

93

Supporting social awareness @ work design and experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last year we have been designing and studying a computer based tool intended to strengthen social group awareness within a research laboratory. While awareness has been a subject of previous research it is still unclear how it should be conceptualized and how it can be provided for a CSCW system. In order to investigate this, and hence to

Konrad Tollmar; Ovidiu Sandor; Anna Schömer

1996-01-01

94

Design status of the NLC beam-delivery system and possible future studies  

SciTech Connect

The authors outline some highlights in the present design of the beam-delivery and removal system for the Next Linear Collider (NLC), and present a long list of possible or desirable future studies. On several of the listed items work has already been started since the Snowmass workshop. Other studies could be conducted, for example, in the framework of a conceptual design report (CDR).

Zimmermann, F.; Bowden, G.; Burke, D. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States)] [and others

1996-10-01

95

Rotary Soil Working Machines. Construction, Calculation and Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This book deals with the design peculiarities of rotary soil working machines used in various types of agricultural operations. It highlights the theoretical basis of the main parameters of the working parts, the operating regimes of the most common rotar...

E. P. Yatsuk I. M. Panov D. N. Efimov O. S. Marchenko A. D. Chernenkov

1981-01-01

96

Global sustainability and key needs in future automotive design.  

PubMed

The number of light vehicle registrations is forecast to increase worldwide by a factor of 3-5 over the next 50 years. This will dramatically increase environmental impacts worldwide of automobiles and light trucks. If light vehicles are to be environmentally sustainable globally, the automotive industry must implement fundamental changes in future automotive design. Important factors in assessing automobile design needs include fuel economy and reduced emissions. Many design parameters can impact vehicle air emissions and energy consumption including alternative fuel or engine technologies, rolling resistance, aerodynamics, drive train design, friction, and vehicle weight. Of these, vehicle weight is key and will translate into reduced energy demand across all energy distribution elements. A new class of vehicles is needed that combines ultra-light design with a likely hybrid or fuel cell engine technology. This could increase efficiency by a factor of 3-5 and reduce air emissions as well. Advanced lightweight materials, such as plastics or composites, will need to overtake the present metal-based infrastructure. Incorporating design features to facilitate end-of-life recycling and recovery is also important. The trend will be towards fewer materials and parts in vehicle design, combined with ease of disassembly. Mono-material construction can create vehicle design with improved recyclability as well as reduced numbers of parts and weight. PMID:14700327

McAuley, John W

2003-12-01

97

Design Guidelines for Glare-free Daylit Work Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strong focus on lighting quality and productivity as well as a renewed interest in energy efficiency in recent years has highlighted the lack of appropriate design guidance for architects, interior and lighting designers for creating glare-free daylit work environments, especially for offices. Well-developed design guidelines based on visual experience and careful monitoring of the design process from the start

Werner Osterhaus

98

Labour Markets and Organisational Change: Future Working Structures for an Ageing Work Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flexible manufacturing systems, team work with decentralisation of decision-making, integration of tasks and multiple allocation\\u000a across functional barriers demand a skilled work force prepared for continuous learning and adaptation. It is common to see\\u000a a younger, well-educated and trained work force as being required for such a production environment. A closer empirical look\\u000a at most of the internal labour markets

Peter Auer; Stefan Speckesser

1997-01-01

99

Work system design for patient safety: the SEIPS model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models and methods of work system design need to be developed and implemented to advance research in and design for patient safety. In this paper we describe how the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model of work system and patient safety, which provides a framework for understanding the structures, processes and outcomes in health care and their relationships,

P Carayon; A Schoofs Hundt; B-T Karsh; A P Gurses; C J Alvarado; M Smith; P Flatley Brennan

2006-01-01

100

1. GENERAL OFFICE BUILDING FOR THE HOMESTEAD WORKS, DESIGNED BY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GENERAL OFFICE BUILDING FOR THE HOMESTEAD WORKS, DESIGNED BY HOFFMAN & CRUMPTON OF PITTSBURGH. THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNED TO SHOWCASE THE ARCHITECTURAL POSSIBILITIES OF STEEL. - U.S. Steel Homestead Works, Auxiliary Buildings & Shops, Along Monongahela River, Homestead, Allegheny County, PA

101

Middle Managers' Expectations of the Future World of Work: Implications for Management Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The future world of work has been the subject of considerable prognostication by scholars and businessmen, particularly recently. While these predictions differ widely, they unanimously augur a world vastly different from the present one. Today's middle m...

J. A. Haas

1969-01-01

102

Stafford Technical Center: Designing a Future for Architects and Builders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes Stafford Technical Center's Engineering Technology Academy (ETA), in which students pursue a variety of educational and career options for anything connected to construction technologies--including drafting and design, architecture, and even work in historic preservation. In addition to technical skills,…

Lucci, William, Jr.

2005-01-01

103

Bridge Design Project with SolidWorks Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides information about using SolidWorks to design bridges in the classroom. The booklet is quite extensive and includes sections on what SolidWorks is, structure design, using the beam calculator, analyzing the structure, building and testing the bridge structure and more. It would be useful for classes learning SolidWorks software in this context. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-06-21

104

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Design, Clinical Application, and Future Challenges  

PubMed Central

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a new technology that recently has been shown to improve survival and quality of life in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who are not surgical candidates [1]. The development and design of transcatheter valves has been ongoing for the past 20 years, and TAVR has now been approved by the FDA as a treatment for aortic stenosis in patients who are not surgical candidates. In the United States, there are currently two transcatheter valves available: the Edwards Sapien Valve and the Medtronic CoreValve. While similar in some design elements, they also have characteristic differences that affect both the mechanism of delivery as well as performance in patients. This review aims to take a closer look at the development of this new technology, review the published clinical results, and look toward the future of transcatheter valve therapeutics and the challenges therein.

Forrest, John K.

2012-01-01

105

NASA super-pressure balloons - designing to meet the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Ultra Long Duration Balloon project presents a new challenge in balloon design by extending flight duration for large heavy payloads. The pumpkin balloon design is innovative and presents many new challenges. This paper encapsulates the NASA Ultra Long Duration Balloon Vehicle developments, presents them to the Science Community, and shows points of interaction with the users. The capabilities and limitations are presented to allow potential users to make informed choices in the development of balloon class payloads. Brief summaries of test flights and the cause and effect relationship between suspended load and float altitude are presented. A focus on innovation and the future using the Ultra Long Duration Balloon super-pressure balloon technology is also presented.

Cathey, Henry M., Jr.

2001-08-01

106

Evaluating design proposals for complex systems with work domain analysis.  

PubMed

In this paper we propose a new framework for evaluating designs based on work domain analysis, the first phase of cognitive work analysis. We develop a rationale for a new approach to evaluation by describing the unique characteristics of complex systems and by showing that systems engineering techniques only partially accommodate these characteristics. We then present work domain analysis as a complementary framework for evaluation. We explain this technique by example by showing how the Australian Defence Force used work domain analysis to evaluate design proposals for a new system called Airborne Early Warning and Control. This case study also demonstrates that work domain analysis is a useful and feasible approach that complements standard techniques for evaluation and that promotes a central role for human factors professionals early in the system design and development process. Actual or potential applications of this research include the evaluation of designs for complex systems. PMID:12002003

Naikar, N; Sanderson, P M

2001-01-01

107

CO2 Car Design Project with SolidWorks Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides information about using SolidWorks to design a CO2 car. The booklet is quite extensive and includes sections on what SolidWorks is, exploring and assembling the car, using SolidWorks Flow Simulation, visualization and rendering and more. It would be useful for classes learning SolidWorks software in this context. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-06-20

108

Adapting Virtual Reality for the Participatory Design of Work Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the evolution of a standard PC-based virtual reality tool which has been adapted for the participatory\\u000a design of work environments. Tool features, method of control and combination with other participatory design tools are investigated\\u000a in the context of a particular design situation. This research is aimed at participatory design facilitators to aid in the\\u000a adaptation of similar

Roy C. Davies

2004-01-01

109

Designing future products: what difficulties do designers encounter and how can their creative process be supported?  

PubMed

To remain competitive, companies must regularly offer new products to consumers. A major challenge for designers is therefore to come up with design solutions and define products that are both new and adapted to future users and usages. Although classic methods and ergonomic recommendations are useful in most run-of-the-mill design contexts, they are of limited benefit when the design situation requires greater creativity. This paper therefore addresses issues related to product design by pursuing a triple objective: (1) highlight the difficulties encountered by designers in imagining and conceiving new products, (2) find out which conditions could help designers come up with creative ideas for innovative products, and (3) suggest methods and tools to support designers' creative process and help them take other stakeholders' needs and expectations into consideration. PMID:22317539

Bonnardel, Nathalie

2012-01-01

110

Organizational Development and Its Role in Providing Aesthetically Pleasing Work for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizations, with the help of human resource development (HRD) staff, must reexamine their objectives for future operations and the work force. Organizations with a focus on organizational development (OD) can provide meaningful work to employees and the organization itself. The OD framework consists of three units that must coexist as the major…

Decker, Carol A.

111

Organizational Development and Its Role in Providing Aesthetically Pleasing Work for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Organizations, with the help of human resource development (HRD) staff, must reexamine their objectives for future operations and the work force. Organizations with a focus on organizational development (OD) can provide meaningful work to employees and the organization itself. The OD framework consists of three units that must coexist as the…

Decker, Carol A.

112

From gene switches to mammalian designer cells: present and future prospects.  

PubMed

Nature has evolved a treasury of biological molecules that are logically connected to networks, enabling cells to maintain their functional integrity. Similar to electronic circuits, cells operate as information-processing systems that dynamically integrate and respond to distinct input signals. Synthetic biology aims to standardize and expand the natural toolbox of biological building blocks to engineer novel synthetic networks in living systems. Mammalian cells harboring integrated designer circuits could work as living biocomputers that execute predictable metabolic and therapeutic functions. This review presents design principles of mammalian gene circuits, highlights recent developments, and discusses future challenges and prospects. PMID:23245728

Ausländer, Simon; Fussenegger, Martin

2012-12-13

113

Working Theory into and out of Design Experiments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this response, I advocate for the value of considering theory in the design-based research that Gersten describes in Behind the Scenes of an Intervention Research Study. I argue that such an emphasis: is consistent with the literature on design experiments, is integral to advancing knowledge building within domains, serves to advance the work

Palincsar, Annemarie Sullivan

2005-01-01

114

Design of functional work clothing for meat-cutters.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to design new functional work clothing for meat-cutters, paying particular attention to the metabolic requirements of the work and the thermal and general working conditions in slaughterhouses. On the basis of the results of the pilot study (review of the literature, questionnaires and interviews, work analysis, physiological measurements) different types of work clothing were designed for prolonged used during normal work in meat cutting. Physical material tests and measurements of thermal insulation values (l(cl)), and the follow-up of clothing maintenance were carried out. Further modifications and evaluations of work clothing were based on the opinions of meat-cutters and on the physiological trials in slaughterhouses. The final assembly of work clothing consists of three pieces (cotton/polyester): an apron, trousers with extra insulation in the lower back, and a work coat with extra insulation in the neck and shoulders, and at the wrists. The sleeves are protected against moisture by special textile material. The thermal insulation of this new set of work clothing together with long sleeved and legged underwear is 1.3 clo and it proved to be sufficient for thermal comfort in moderate work in an air temperature of 10 degrees C. PMID:15676753

Ilmarinen, R; Tammela, E; Korhonen, E

1990-03-01

115

Summary of the working group on lattice design  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the results of the working group on Lattice Design at the 1990 Berkeley conference on Beam Dynamics of high luminosity asymmetric collider rings. The goal of this group was to compare the various schemes and concepts in the B-factory designs which was studied and investigated in various accelerator laboratories. The crucial aspect of the lattice design is the layout of the interaction region. (AIP)

Baigley, P. (CESR, Ithaca, NY (USA)); Donald, M. (SLAC, Menlo Park, CA (USA)); Garren, A. (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (USA)); Geyer, C.; Holzer, B. (DESY/MPI Heidelberg (Federal Republic of Germany)); Hutton, A. (SLAC, Menlo Park, CA (USA)); Krajcik, P. (CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)); Orlov, Y. (Cornell, Ithaca, NY (USA)); Porter, F. (Caltech, Pasadena, CA (USA)); Risselada, T. (CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)); Schmidt, R. (CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)); Tanabe, T. (Columbia University, New York, NY (USA)); Teng, L. (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne,IL (USA)); Walker, N. (SLAC, Menlo Park, CA (USA)); Willeke, F. (DESY, Hamburg (Germany)); Wilson, E. (CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)); Zholents, A. (INP Novosibirsk (USSR))

1990-10-10

116

3D MEMS Design Method via SolidWorks  

Microsoft Academic Search

To enable MEMS designers to create fabrication-ready models of MEMS devices in an intuitive environment, this paper describes a MEMS design strategy that uses parameterized three-dimensional (3D) part features to construct geometric models of MEMS devices and then generates mask-layouts and process flows automatically. SolidWorks, an outstanding 3D design tool, is utilized to build the 3D model of the MEMS

Changfti Zhang; Zhuangde Jiang; Dejiang Lu; Taian Ren

2006-01-01

117

Future roles of knowledge-based systems in the design process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the future roles of knowledge-based systems in the design process. It commences with a brief review of computer-aided design and knowledge-based systems prior to examining the present and future roles of knowledge-based systems in design under the headings of: design analysis\\/formulation; design synthesis; and design evaluation. The paper concludes with a discussion on design integration, novel design,

J. Gero; M. Maher

1987-01-01

118

A damping ring design for future linear colliders  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present a preliminary design of a damping ring for the TeV Linear Collider (TLC), a future linear collider with an energy of 1/2 to 1 TeV in the center of mass. Because of limits on the emittance, repetition rate and longitudinal impedance, we use combined function FODO cells with wigglers in insertion regions; there are approximately 22 meters of wigglers in the 155 meter ring. The ring has a normalized horizontal emittance, including the effect of intrabeam scattering, which is less than 3 /times/ 10/sup /minus/6/ and an emittance ratio of epsilon/sub x/ approx. 100epsilon/sub y/. It is designed to damp bunches for 7 vertical damping times while operating at a repetition rate of 360 Hz. Because of these requirements on the emittance and the damping per bunch, the ring operates at 1.8 GeV and is relatively large, allowing more bunches to be damped at once. 10 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Raubenheimer, T.O.; Gabella, W.E.; Morton, P.L.; Lee, M.J.; Rivkin, L.Z.; Ruth, R.D.

1989-03-01

119

The Working Parents' Curriculum: Class Designs To Meet the Needs of Expectant and New Working Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to meet needs of expectant and new working parents, these curriculum materials provide guidelines for instructors and discussions of six parent education topics. The curriculum begins by examining the qualifications an instructor should have before attempting to teach expectant or working parents. Subsequently described are specific ways…

O'Brien, Mary Parys

120

Overview of robotic applications for energized transmission line work — Technologies, field projects and future developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase in live-line work procedures has stimulated the development and use of robotic devices to minimize risk to field personnel safety and to power system reliability when performing live-line work. This paper provides an overview of the current state-of-the-art and an assessment of the future directions for transmission line robotics and includes automation and robotics technologies for transmission line

David Elizondo; Thomas Gentile; Hans Candia; Greggory Bell

2010-01-01

121

Cognitive Work Analysis and Design Research: Designing for Mobile Human-Technology Interaction Within Elementary Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how cognitive work analysis (CWA) can be seen as a critical element of the design research methodology. CWA has been shown to be an effective approach to adopt in analyzing, designing, and evaluating complex sociotechnical systems. Within design research, CWA can be seen as an integral precursor to any design iteration, as key constraints are identified and

Latika Nirula; Earl Woodruff

2006-01-01

122

Weakly augmented reality: observing and designing the work-place of creative designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we distinguish between two spatially oriented system design paradigms: weak and strong augmented reality. The weak augmented reality paradigm is then applied in the design of a system supporting co-operation and knowledge creation within a design centre. The system has been designed on the hints we got from two subsequent ethnographies of the work practice of creative

Giorgio De Michelis; Flavio De Paoli; Costanza Pluchinotta; Marco Susani

2000-01-01

123

Mexican American 7(th) Graders' Future Work and Family Plans: Associations with Cultural Experiences and Adjustment.  

PubMed

We describe Mexican American 7(th) graders' expectations for future work and family roles and investigate links between patterns of future expectations and adolescents' cultural experiences and adjustment. Adolescents participated in home interviews and a series of seven nightly phone calls. Five unique patterns of adolescents' future expectations were identified (N = 246): Career Oriented, Independent, Family Oriented, Early, and Inconsistent. Career Oriented adolescents had the highest socioeconomic status and contact with the U.S. (e.g., generation status) whereas Family Oriented adolescents had the lowest. Cultural orientations, values, and involvement also varied across groups. For example, Career Oriented adolescents reported significantly higher familism values compared to Inconsistent adolescents. Clusters also differed on adjustment: Career Oriented and Family Oriented adolescents reported higher parental warmth and less risky behavior compared to Independent and Inconsistent adolescents. Findings underscore the multi-faceted nature of adolescents' future expectations and the diversity in cultural experiences among Mexican origin youth. PMID:23338812

Cansler, Emily; Updegraff, Kimberly A; Simpkins, Sandra D

2011-03-23

124

Participatory ergonomics for psychological factors evaluation in work system design.  

PubMed

It is a well recognized understanding that workers whose voice needs to be heard should be actively encouraged as full participants and involved in the early design stages of new ergonomic work system which encompass the development and implementation of new tools, workplaces, technologies or organizations. This paper presents a novel participatory strategy to evaluate three key psychological factors which are respectively mental fatigue, spiritual stress, and emotional satisfaction in work system design based on a modified version of Participatory Ergonomics (PE). In specific, it integrates a PE technique with a formulation view by combining the parallel development of PE strategies, frameworks and functions throughout the coverage of the entire work system design process, so as to bridge the gap between qualitative and quantitative analysis of psychological factors which can cause adverse or advantageous effects on worker's physiological and behavioral performance. PMID:22317153

Wang, Lingyan; Lau, Henry Y K

2012-01-01

125

Education, Training and the Future of Work I: Social, Political and Economic Contexts of Policy Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This first of two volumes is organized around the theme of the social, political, and economic contexts of education and training. (Volume II focuses on the development of vocational policy. Both volumes form part of the Open University MA Module, Education, Training, and the Future of Work.) An introduction (Geoff Esland, John Ahier) provides an…

Ahier, John, Ed.; Esland, Geoff, Ed.

126

Four Draft Working Papers: PEER REVIEW IN ACADEMIC PROMOTION AND PUBLISHING: Its Meaning, Locus, and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of its Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-funded Future of Scholarly Communication Project, the Center for Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) has hosted two meetings to explore how peer review relates to scholarly communication and academic values. In preparation for an April 2010 workshop, four working papers were developed and circulated. They are presented as drafts here. (The proceedings from

2010-01-01

127

Education, Training and the Future of Work I: Social, Political and Economic Contexts of Policy Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first of two volumes is organized around the theme of the social, political, and economic contexts of education and training. (Volume II focuses on the development of vocational policy. Both volumes form part of the Open University MA Module, Education, Training, and the Future of Work.) An introduction (Geoff Esland, John Ahier) provides an…

Ahier, John, Ed.; Esland, Geoff, Ed.

128

Education, Training and the Future of Work II: Developments in Vocational Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 13 papers on developments in vocational education and training in Great Britain and the future of work. The following papers are included: "Introduction" (Geoff Esland, Mike Flude, Sandy Sieminski); "The Roles of the State and the Social Partners in Vocational Education and Training Systems" (Andy Green); "Education Training…

Flude, Mike, Ed.; Sieminski, Sandy, Ed.

129

Future-Time Perspective: Analysis of a Facet-Designed Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future-time perspective for adolescents and young adults is directed towards several objects and may extend into the far or the near future. Differences in this perspective can affect motivational qualities influencing investment in one's future. A future-time perspective questionnaire was developed along these lines using facet design. It contains an object facet with the elements school and professional career, personal

Marlies E. A. Stouthard; Thea T. D. Peetsma

1999-01-01

130

The Future of High-Level Modelling and System Level Design: Some Possible Methodology Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the future of high-level modelling in the context of system-level design, as the two concepts are inextricably interlinked. This is described as several possible methodology scenarios for the future of system level design as it unfolds within the electronics industry. Although these scenarios are presented as orthogonal, of course in actual fact the future may present us several

Grant Martin

131

Further Design Work on a Repository in a Salt Dome.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the cost estimate and the work plan for the construction of a repository, to be mined in a medium-size salt dome for the simultaneous disposal of different categories of solid radioactive wastes. The repository is designed for all cate...

J. Hamstra L. G. L. Janssen P. T. Velzeboer

1985-01-01

132

How ISI Designed Its New Work Space: An Inside Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines how an information company--the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)--designed a new building to house its facility. Problems and deficiencies in the old work space were analyzed using a rigorous systems approach, and an open-plan system was devised to allow for optimum space utilization and energy efficiency. (CWM)|

Aborn, Peter

1979-01-01

133

The Law of Intended Consequences: Designing Possible Futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

If advocates of AGI face the future knowing what AGI requires, there is a greater possibility that they will achieve it. This paper suggests looking to futurology as a means to evaluate the critical intersection of AI and AGI, and intended consequences of AGI's future. The logic of intended consequences has a two-fold meaning. First is the convergent unyielding focus

Natasha VITA-MORE

134

RELATIONS BETWEEN WORK GROUP CHARACTERISTICS AND EFFECTIVENESS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DESIGNING EFFECTIVE WORK GROUPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

productivity, employee satisfaction, and manager judgments. Data were collected from 391 employees, 70 managers, and archival records for 80 work groups in a financial organization. Results showed that all three effectiveness criteria were predicted by the characteristics, and nearly all characteristics predicted some of the effectiveness criteria. The job design and process themes were slightly more predictive than the interdependence,

MICHAEL A. CAMPION; GINA J. MEDSKER; A. CATHERINE HIGGS

1993-01-01

135

Future of UTC: consequences in astronomy: report on the UTC Working Group and the latest developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Telecommunications Union Radiocommunications section (ITUR) Working Party 7A has created a Special Rapporteur Group on the Future of the UTC Time Scale, and it presented its final report in September, 2004. This report suggests potential alternatives to the current relationship between the UTC time scale and the Earth's rotation angle as described by UT1. It is expected that this may lead to formal proposals to re-define this relationship. Possible consequences for the astronomical community are reviewed.

McCarthy, D. D.

2005-09-01

136

A tension between genuine care and other duties: Swedish nursing students' views of their future work.  

PubMed

There is a current need for nurses to take on new roles due to changing health care policies, economic cut-backs and shortage of staff. It is therefore important to study nursing students' view of their future profession. The theoretical framework was contemporary theories of competence development, which has shown that people's understanding of their work is expressed in their actions. The aim of this study was to describe nursing students' understanding of their future professional role in health care. A purposeful sample of 12 nursing students wrote narratives. The texts were condensed in five steps using the Empirical Phenomenological Psychological Method. The essence of the students' view of their future work was A tension between genuine nursing care and other duties. Four themes constituted this essence: professional status, working conditions and stress, evidence-based nursing contra holistic care, teamwork, co-operation and disrespect, and intensive care instead of geriatrics. This study highlights pedagogic and practical problems that need to be constructively addressed. The nursing students' eagerness to care in a holistic way needs to be acknowledged and used in a fruitful way. This core function of nursing needs to be integrated with up-to-date nursing research. PMID:15701541

Holmström, Inger; Larsson, Jan

2005-01-25

137

Minimizing Work-in-Process in Design of Facility Layouts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a formulation of the facility layout design problem where the objective is to minimize work-in-process (WIP). In contrast to some recent research, we show that layouts obtained using a WIP-based formulation can be very different from those obtained using the conventional quadratic assignment problem (QAP) formulation. For example, we show that a QAP-optimal layout can

Saifallah Benjaafar

2000-01-01

138

Audio gunshot detection and localization systems: History, basic design, and future possibilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For decades, law enforcement organizations have increasingly utilized audio detection and localization systems to identify potential gunshot incidents and to respond accordingly. These systems have grown from simple microphone configurations used to estimate location into complex arrays that seem to pinpoint gunfire to within mere feet of its actual occurrence. Such technology comes from a long and dynamic history of developing equipment dating back to the First World War. Additionally, though basic designs require little in terms of programming or engineering experience, the mere presence of this tool invokes a firestorm of debate amongst economists, law enforcement groups, and the general public, which leads to questions about future possibilities for its use. The following pages will retell the history of these systems from theoretical conception to current capabilities. This work will also dissect these systems to reveal fundamental elements of their inner workings, in order to build a basic demonstrative system. Finally, this work will discuss some legal and moral points of dissension, and will explore these systems’ roles in society now and in the future, in additional applications as well.

Graves, Jordan R.

139

Working memory involved in predicting future outcomes based on past experiences.  

PubMed

Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions. Neuropsychology, 18, 152-162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair task performance [Hinson, J., Jameson, T. & Whitney, P. (2002). Somatic markers, working memory, and decision making. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioural Neuroscience, 2, 341-353]. In the present study, we investigate whether the latter findings were due to increased random responding [Franco-Watkins, A. M., Pashler, H., & Rickard, T. C. (2006). Does working memory load lead to greater impulsivity? Commentary on Hinson, Jameson, and Whitney's (2003). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 32, 443-447]. Participants were tested under Low Working Memory (LWM; n=18) or High Working Memory (HWM; n=17) conditions while performing the Reversed IGT in which punishment was immediate and reward delayed [Bechara, A., Dolan, S., & Hindes, A. (2002). Decision making and addiction (part II): Myopia for the future or hypersensitivity to reward? Neuropsychologia, 40, 1690-1705]. In support of a role for working memory in emotional decision making, compared to the LWM condition, participants in the HWM condition made significantly greater number of disadvantageous selections than that predicted by chance. Performance by the HWM group could not be fully explained by random responding. PMID:17628270

Dretsch, Michael N; Tipples, Jason

2007-07-12

140

Keynote lecture: a perspective on the future of design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypersonic vehicles are, by necessity, highly integrated flying machines. They also have inherently high performance and economic uncertainties. Combined, these characteristics render conventional practices inadequate for designing hypersonic vehicles. As advancing technology enables more sophisticated design tools, and computer speed continues to grow exponentially, systems will be designed in an ever more integrated fashion to wring the most out of

Kevin Bowcutt

2003-01-01

141

Historical Analysis: Using the Past to Design the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ubicomp developers are increasingly borrowing from other disciplines, such as anthropology and creative design, to inform their design process. In this paper, we demonstrate that the discipline of history similarly has much to offer ubicomp research. Specifically, we describe a historically- grounded approach to designing ubicomp systems and applications for the home. We present findings from a study examining aging

Susan Wyche; Phoebe Sengers; Rebecca E. Grinter

2006-01-01

142

Feature-based design: Four hypotheses for future CAD systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Features are meaningful abstractions of geometry that engineers use to reason about components, products, and processes. For design activity, features are design primitives, serve as the basis for product representations, and can incorporate information relevant to life-cycle activities such as manufacturing. Research on feature-based design has matured to the point that results are being incorporated into commercial CAD systems. The

David W. Rosen

1993-01-01

143

Social media: key tools for the future of work-based learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to demonstrate the potential of web 2.0 tools in the online support of work-based learners. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper provides an overview of the current use and benefits of web 2.0 tools in the support of work-based learners. It includes two case studies that demonstrate, first, how action research is testing the boundaries of online

Tony Toole

2011-01-01

144

Bridge Design Project: Using SolidWorks to design, test and build structures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides information about using SolidWorks to design bridges in the classroom. These materials would be useful for any class learning about bridge design, as they cover the basics such as trusses, beams, loads, stress, yield strength and other concepts which are essential to understanding what makes a sound bridge. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-06-24

145

Plasmas create a new path for future fuel cell designs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuel cells are often perceived as being part of the future solution to the 'energy crisis', providing 'clean' electricity with virtually no emissions. The development of fuel cells is considered to be an integral part of a sustainable 'hydrogen economy', in which hydrogen gas is produced using renewable sources of energy, and which offers the possibility of abundant energy with

P. Brault; A. Caillard; A.-L. Thomann; C. Charles; R. Boswell; D. Ramdutt; C. Corr; J. Durand; S. Roualdès; J. Larrieu; A. Ennadjaoui; C. Coutanceau; J.-M. Léger

146

Hydro-economic models: Concepts, design, applications, and future prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

summary Future water management will shift from building new water supply systems to better operating existing ones. The variation of water values in time and space will increasingly motivate efforts to address water scarcity and reduce water conflicts. Hydro-economic models represent spatially distributed water resource systems, infrastructure, management options and economic values in an integrated manner. In these tools water

Julien J. Harou; Manuel Pulido-Velazquez; David E. Rosenberg; Josué Medellín-Azuara; Jay R. Lund; Richard E. Howitt

2009-01-01

147

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following...

2010-01-01

148

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following...

2009-01-01

149

User-interface design, culture, and the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the cultural anthropologist Hofstede's culture dimensions and considers how they might affect user-interface designs. Examples from the Web illustrate the cultural dimensions User-interface designers have identified basic components of user interfaces. An initial mapping of culture dimensions to user-interface components seeks to help user-interface designers cope with global product and service development. Ultimately, tools might emerge to

Aaron Marcus

2002-01-01

150

A high field magnet design for a future Hadron collider  

Microsoft Academic Search

US high energy physics community is exploring the possibilities of building a Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) after the completion of LHC. This paper presents a high field magnet design option based on Nb 3Sn technology. A preliminary magnetic and mechanical design of a 14-16 T, 2-in-1 dipole based on the “common coil design” approach is presented. The computer code

R. Gupta; K. Chow; D. Dietderich; S. Gourlay; G. Millos; A. McInturff; R. Scanlan; S. Ramberger; S. Russenschuck

1999-01-01

151

Robonaut: a robot designed to work with humans in space.  

PubMed

The Robotics Technology Branch at the NASA Johnson Space Center is developing robotic systems to assist astronauts in space. One such system, Robonaut, is a humanoid robot with the dexterity approaching that of a suited astronaut. Robonaut currently has two dexterous arms and hands, a three degree-of-freedom articulating waist, and a two degree-of-freedom neck used as a camera and sensor platform. In contrast to other space manipulator systems, Robonaut is designed to work within existing corridors and use the same tools as space walking astronauts. Robonaut is envisioned as working with astronauts, both autonomously and by teleoperation, performing a variety of tasks including, routine maintenance, setting up and breaking down worksites, assisting crew members while outside of spacecraft, and serving in a rapid response capacity. PMID:12703513

Bluethmann, William; Ambrose, Robert; Diftler, Myron; Askew, Scott; Huber, Eric; Goza, Michael; Rehnmark, Fredrik; Lovchik, Chris; Magruder, Darby

152

Technology futures analysis: Toward integration of the field and new methods Technology Futures Analysis Methods Working Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many forms of analyzing future technology and its consequences coexist, for example, technology intelligence, forecasting, roadmapping, assessment, and foresight. All of these techniques fit into a field we call technology futures analysis (TFA). These methods have matured rather separately, with little interchange and sharing of information on methods and processes. There is a range of experience in the use of

Alan L. Porter

153

Understanding Workaholism: Data Synthesis, Theoretical Critique, and Future Design Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workaholism involves a personal reluctance to disengage from work, which is evidenced by the tendency to work irrespective of external demands. While the term workaholism has been widely used by the public for over 30 years, scientists are only beginning to explore the behavior in depth. To date, most research has occurred on an ad hoc basis, emerging from a

Lynley H. W. McMillan; Michael P. O'Driscoll; Nigel V. Marsh; Elizabeth C. Brady

2001-01-01

154

A successful methodology for designing and implementing virtual work teams  

SciTech Connect

A system has been implemented at Los Alamos National Laboratory to rapidly staff and manage project teams. These project teams are created and subsequently perform their project functions using information technology as the communication medium. A simplified model of group interactions was used to guide the design and implementation of the system. The model uses three primary axes of group interactions to express the functional requirements that must be supported by a virtual work team application. The evolution of the approach and its relationship to traditional project management are described. A number of design characteristics were found to be critical to the success of the implementation and are presented. The technology and supporting processes and the business results stemming from implementation of the system are described in a limited manner.

Stuewe, R.B.; Barnes, M.G.; Hughes, D.K.

1997-11-01

155

The Future of Management as Design: A Thought Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Management practices and education are presently in a stage of reappraisal and a growing number of scholars and experts are suggesting that managers should be taught and adopt the approach and methodologies of designers. The purpose of this paper is to imagine the impact of this move and to try and foresee whether "management as design"…

Bouchard, Veronique; del Forno, Leon

2012-01-01

156

The radiological services laboratory: Designed for the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new state of the art radiochemistry laboratory incorporating advanced design and environmental control elements has been constructed in Atlanta, Georgia. The design of the facility is oriented to the efficient production of analytical sample results which meet regulatory requirements while at the same time provides an atmosphere that is pleasurable for analysts and visitors alike. The laboratory building contains

T. L. Hardt; S. M. Schutt; K. S. Doran; D. L. Dihel; R. O. Lucas; T. K. Eifert

1992-01-01

157

School Libraries: A Design Recipe for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses design elements of a 21st century school library, including space, books and shelving, seats, tables, technology (computers, scanners, projectors), building materials (wood, metal, plastic, paint, glass, fibers), and light and color. A sidebar describes the L!BRARY initiative to creatively design, professionally staff, and…

Myerberg, Henry

2002-01-01

158

Ergonomic implementation and work station design for quilt manufacturing unit  

PubMed Central

Background: Awkward, extreme and repetitive postures have been associated with work related musculoskeletal disorders and injury to the lowerback of workers engaged in quilting manufacturing unit. Basically quilt are made manually by hand stitch and embroidery on the quilts which was done in squatting posture on the floor. Mending, stain removal, washing and packaging were some other associated work performed on wooden table. their work demands to maintain a continuous squatting posture which leads to various injuries related to low back and to calf muscles. Material and Methods: The present study was undertaken in Tarai Agroclimatic Zone of Udham Singh Nagar District of Uttarakhand State with the objective to study the physical and physiological parameters as well as the work station layout of the respondent engaged on quilt manufacturing unit. A total of 30 subjects were selected to study the drudgery involved in quilt making enterprise and to make the provision of technology option to reduce the drudgery as well as musculoskeletal disorders, thus enhancing the productivity and comfortability. Results: Findings of the investigation show that majority of workers (93.33 per cent) were female and very few (6.66 per cent) were the male with the mean age of 24.53±6.43. The body mass index and aerobic capacity (lit/min) values were found as 21.40±4.13 and 26.02±6.44 respectively. Forty per cent of the respondents were having the physical fitness index of high average whereas 33.33 per cent of the respondents had low average physical fitness. All the assessed activities involved to make the quilt included a number of the steps which were executed using two types of work station i.e squatting posture on floor and standing posture using wooden table. A comparative study of physiological parameters was also done in the existing conditions as well as in improved conditions by introducing low height chair and wooden spreader to hold the load of quilt while working, to improve the work posture of the worker. The average working heart rate values were found to reduced by performing the activity using improved technology followed by energy expenditure (6.99 kj/min), total cardiac cost of work (1037.95 beats), physiological cost of work (103.79 beats) and rate of perceived rate of exertion to the score of 2.6 Results of postural analysis that is change in motion at cervical region reveal that range of motion in case of extension was found beyond the normal range in existing setup where as it reduced to normal range in improved work station. Conclusion: The finding of the study concludes that to ensure safety and to reduce occupational health hazards while performing the activity, an ergonomically designed work station by introduction of improved technology option will be a right choice which also enhances the productivity.

Vinay, Deepa; Kwatra, Seema; Sharma, Suneeta; Kaur, Nirmal

2012-01-01

159

Future Modeling Needs in Pulse Detonation Rocket Engine Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents a performance model rocket engine design that takes advantage of pulse detonation to generate thrust. The contents include: 1) Introduction to the Pulse Detonation Rocket Engine (PDRE); 2) PDRE modeling issues and options; 3) Discussio...

B. Meade D. Talley D. Mueller D. Tew M. Guidos D. Seymour

2001-01-01

160

Future technology requirements for magnetic fusion--An evaluation based on conceptual design studies  

SciTech Connect

The future technology requirements for magnetic fusion have been identified from an assessment of the conceptual design studies that have been performed. A summary of worldwide conceptual design effort is presented. The relative maturity of the various confinement concepts and the intensity and continuity of the design efforts are taken into account in identifying future technology requirements. A major conclusion of this study is that there is a high degree of commonality among the technology requirements identified for the various confinement concepts.

Stacey, W.M.; Baker, C.C.; Conn, R.W.; Krakowski, R.A.; Steiner, D.; Thomassen, K.I.

1984-05-01

161

Work in progress — Selection and execution of civil engineering capstone design projects at the United States Coast Guard Academy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to enable students to experience real life engineering problem solving, design, team work, project execution and management, civil engineering students at the United States Coast Guard Academy (USCGA) must complete a capstone project as a graduation requirement. To better prepare USCGA students for their unique future roles as civil engineers in the Coast Guard, most capstone projects involve

H. Jackson; K. Tarhini; C. Fleischmann; N. Rumsey; S. Zelmanowitz

2010-01-01

162

Integrated Product and Process Design: Current Practices and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Florida's Integrated Product and Process Design (IPPD) program is an exemplary model of university-industry collaboration. IPPD features multidisciplinary teams of engineering and business students developing authentic products and processes for industry project sponsors. Each team is led by a faculty coach and is supported by a liaison engineer from the project sponsor. The program has flourished over

R. Keith Stanfill

163

Powering the Future: A Wind Turbine Design Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nothing brings out the best in eighth-grade physical science students quite like an engineering challenge. The wind turbine design challenge described in this article has proved to be a favorite among students with its focus on teamwork and creativity and its (almost) sneaky reinforcement of numerous physics concepts. For this activity, pairs of…

Pries, Caitlin Hicks; Hughes, Julie

2011-01-01

164

An Outlook on Design Technologies for Future Integrated Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic and social demand for ubiquitous and multifaceted electronic systems-in combination with the unprecedented opportunities provided by the integration of various manufacturing technologies-is paving the way to a new class of heterogeneous integrated systems, with increased performance and connectedness and providing us with gateways to the living world. This paper surveys design requirements and solutions for heterogeneous systems and

Giovanni De Micheli

2009-01-01

165

Building Futures: The Head Start Impact Study. Research Design Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Along with the rapid expansion over the past decade of Head Start, a program providing comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children, their families, and their communities, has come the demand for rigorous research to demonstrate program effectiveness. This report describes the proposed design of a national study of…

Puma, Michael; Bell, Stephen; Shapiro, Gary; Broene, Pam; Cook, Ronna; Friedman, Janet; Heid, Camilla

166

Implications for Future Landscape Inquiry, Planning, and Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The landscape undergoes continuous change, much of it by “design,” broadly defined, that shapes the pursuit and consequences\\u000a of human aims. In the last 50 years we have seen cities and farmland transformed by the expansion of suburbs into a phenomenon\\u000a now called “sprawl.” The independent family farmer envisioned by Thomas Jefferson appears on the verge of extinction with\\u000a the

Douglas M. Johnston; James L. Wescoat

167

Managing the Future - Six Guidelines for Designing Environmental Scanning Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The 2008\\/2009 economic crisis provided a sustainable impulse for improving environmental scanning systems. Although a substantial\\u000a body of knowledge exists, these concepts are not often used by practitioners. Based on a literature research, this article\\u000a outlines six guidelines for designing environmental scanning systems that are more applicable than the state of the art. We\\u000a incorporate these guidelines in a six-step

Jörg H. Mayer

2011-01-01

168

Electronics Design-for-Test: Past, Present and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. Do you know how many ENIAC vacuum tubes were replaced every day during its heyday? What did it teach us about Test, or design-for-test? did Eldred really invent the stuck-at fault model in 1959? Is 99.999% fault cover all it's cracked up to be or are we fooling ourselves? Are we better off with 115% or

Ben Bennetts

2007-01-01

169

Training Designers of the Future: Reflections on a Didactic Case ‘Made in Italy’  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focusing on a specific case, the postgraduate course Product Service System Design taught in English to Italian and international students of the Design Facult y at Milan Pol ytechnic, the author reflects on the present and future of designers as ‘reflexive professionals’ (to quote Donald A. Schön1) called upon to act in uncertain and vaguely defined contexts, tackle problems in

Luisa Collina

2009-01-01

170

DESIGN OF SMALL AUTOMATION WORK CELL SYSTEM DEMONSTRATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of automation systems into many of the facilities dealing with the production, use and disposition of nuclear materials has been an ongoing objective. Many previous attempts have been made, using a variety of monolithic and, in some cases, modular technologies. Many of these attempts were less than successful, owing to the difficulty of the problem, the lack of maturity of the technology, and over optimism about the capabilities of a particular system. Consequently, it is not surprising that suggestions that automation can reduce worker Occupational Radiation Exposure (ORE) levels are often met with skepticism and caution. The development of effective demonstrations of these technologies is of vital importance if automation is to become an acceptable option for nuclear material processing environments. The University of Texas Robotics Research Group (UTRRG) has been pursuing the development of technologies to support modular small automation systems (each of less than 5 degrees-of-freedom) and the design of those systems for more than two decades. Properly designed and implemented, these technologies have a potential to reduce the worker ORE associated with work in nuclear materials processing facilities. Successful development of systems for these applications requires the development of technologies that meet the requirements of the applications. These application requirements form a general set of rules that applicable technologies and approaches need to adhere to, but in and of themselves are generally insufficient for the design of a specific automation system. For the design of an appropriate system, the associated task specifications and relationships need to be defined. These task specifications also provide a means by which appropriate technology demonstrations can be defined. Based on the requirements and specifications of the operations of the Advanced Recovery and Integrated Extraction System (ARIES) pilot line at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), which are considered to be representative of nuclear material handling glove box operations, the UTRRG has developed three task demonstration concepts to evaluate modular small automation systems. These demonstrations, utilizing 2 to 3 degree-of-freedom systems, include container movement, material transfer via pouring, and container loading. Based on an analysis of the ARIES pilot line specifications, these three simple demonstrations are considered to be similar to approximately 50% of the tasks in the ARIES pilot line. Since these task demonstrations functionally represent basic tasks, they are representative of the current potential of modular small automation technology to a wide spectrum of hazardous applications extending beyond the ARIES pilot line. The selection of these three demonstrations, their design and their effectiveness in demonstrating the potential of modular small automation technology are discussed.

C. TURNER; J. PEHL; ET AL

2000-12-01

171

White Paper on the Status and Future of Ground-based Gamma-ray Astronomy: GRB Science Working Group Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fall of 2006, the Division of Astrophysics of the American Physical Society requested a white paper about the status and future of ground based gamma-ray astronomy. Several working groups have formed to define the scientific goals that may be addressed by future instruments. In an effort to involve and inform the broader scientific community, we are reporting here

Abraham Falcone

2007-01-01

172

Future Technology Workshop: A Collaborative Method for the Design of New Learning Technologies and Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We describe the future technology workshop (FTW), a method whereby people with everyday knowledge or experience in a specific area of technology use (such as using digital cameras) envision and design the interactions between current and future technology and activity. Through a series of structured workshop sessions, participants collaborate to…

Vavoula, Giasemi N.; Sharples, Mike

2007-01-01

173

Intervening to reduce the future burden of occupational cancer in britain: what could work?  

PubMed

In Britain, 14 carcinogenic agents and occupational circumstances currently account for 86% of estimated occupation attributable cancer. The future burden associated with these carcinogens has been forecast, using attributable fractions for forecast scenarios representing patterns of past and predicted future exposure, and exposure levels representing the introduction of new occupational exposure limits, increased levels of compliance with these limits and other reductions in worker exposure. Without intervention, occupational attributable cancers are forecast to remain at more than 10,000 by 2060. With modest intervention over 2,600, or with stricter interventions more than 8,200 cancers could be avoided by 2060 although because of long latency no impact will be seen until at least 10 years after intervention. Effective interventions assessed in this study include reducing workplace exposure limits and improving compliance with these limits. Cancers associated with asbestos, diesel engine exhaust, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, work as a painter, radon, and solar radiation are forecast to continue, with construction remaining the prime industry of concern. Although exposure levels to the established carcinogens are falling, workers are remaining exposed at low levels at which there is still a cancer risk, although the aging population also contributes to rising cancer numbers, These forecasts can be used to assess the relative costs to society of different occupational carcinogenic agents, and the relative merits and savings associated with alternative intervention strategies. The methods are adaptable for different data circumstances, other types of interventions and could be extended to environmental carcinogens and other chronic diseases. PMID:22961776

Hutchings, Sally; Cherrie, John W; Van Tongeren, Martie; Rushton, Lesley

2012-09-07

174

Response to On the Record: Report of the Library of Congress Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On the Record, the report from the Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control, describes a new technological environment in which libraries have exciting opportunities for making information resources available and useful to new and demanding au...

D. B. Marcum

2008-01-01

175

Objectives underlying future patterns of work of national committees on vital and health statistics  

PubMed Central

As a basis for considering the forms and patterns of national committees on vital and health statistics in the future, the author first discusses the six main objectives of national systems of those statistics. Turning then to the aims of the national committees themselves, he observes that such is the variety of statistcal needs in different countries in view of their different stages of economic development that the work of the national committees at present inevitably differs greatly from country to country and must continue to do so as development continues. However, the common purpose of the committees is to help in developing, or in strengthening, the statistical structure of each country. Any activity or objective of a national committee that furthers one or more of the country's objectives can be regarded as worthwhile and legitimate.

Dunn, Halbert L.

1954-01-01

176

30 CFR 22.11 - Instructions on handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS PORTABLE METHANE DETECTORS § 22.11 Instructions on handling future changes in design...with the understanding that the manufacturer will make the detector according to the drawings submitted to MSHA which...

2013-07-01

177

Design of Future Airbreathing Engine Systems within an Intelligent Synthesis Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes a new Initiative proposed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The purpose of this initiative is to develop a future design environment for engineering and science mission synthesis for use by NASA scientists a...

J. B. Malone J. K. Lytle J. M. Housner

1999-01-01

178

30 CFR 20.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MINE LAMPS OTHER THAN STANDARD CAP LAMPS § 20.14 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2013-07-01

179

30 CFR 19.13 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.13 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2013-07-01

180

Biomechanical Analysis of Military Boots. Phase 3. Recommendations for the Design of Future Military Boots.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains a series of recommendations for the design of future military footwear. The recommendations relate to shock attenuation, midsole stiffness, medio-lateral stability, and upper construction. Approaches for implementing the recommendatio...

J. Hamill C. K. Bensel

1996-01-01

181

Preliminary Analysis of Long-Range Aircraft Designs for Future Heavy Airlift Missions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computerized design study of very large cargo aircraft for the future heavy airlift mission was conducted using the Aircraft Synthesis program (ACSYNT). The study was requested by the Air Force under an agreement whereby Ames provides computerized desig...

W. P. Nelms R. Murphy A. Barlow

1976-01-01

182

Understanding and design of existing and future chromatographic support formats.  

PubMed

The present contribution reviews the use of alternative support formats as a means to surpass the chromatographic performance of the packed bed of spheres. First, a number of idealized structures are considered to obtain a general insight in how the performance of a chromatographic support depends on its shape and size, using the isocratic peak-capacity generation speed as the main performance indicator. Using this criterion, it is found that the packing density or, equivalently, the external porosity, is the most important of all geometrical shape factors. Depending on whether the sample consists of weakly or strongly retained components, the optimal external porosity can be expected to vary between 60% and a value near 100%. The optimal exploitation of a high external porosity, however, also requires overall shrinkage of the domain size, towards and into the sub-micron range. With the current fabrication technologies, this requirement seems difficult to achieve. In the presence of a lower limit on the characteristic support size, each range of desired plate numbers or peak capacities has its own optimal external porosity, ranging from a very low value (high packing density) for high speed, small peak capacity applications, to very high external porosities (low packing density) for applications requiring a very large peak capacity. Subsequently, the obtained theoretical insights are used to review and discuss the past and current research on alternative support formats. Finally, a number of emerging micro- and nano-fabrication technologies are introduced and their potential for the future production of supports with improved shape and homogeneity is discussed. PMID:17706659

Billen, J; Desmet, G

2007-08-01

183

Designing bimetallic catalysts for a green and sustainable future.  

PubMed

This Critical Review provides an overview of the recent developments in the synthesis and characterization of bimetallic nanoparticles. Initially the review follows a materials science perspective on preparing bimetallic nanoparticles with designer morphologies, after which the emphasis shifts towards recent developments in using these bimetallic particles for catalysing either oxidation or reduction. In the final part of this review we present an overview of the utilization of bimetallic catalyst systems for the transformation of bio-renewable substrates and reactions related to the realization of a bio-refinery. Because of the sheer number of examples of transformations in this area, a few key examples, namely selective oxidation, hydrogenation/hydrogenolysis and reforming of biomass derived molecules, have been chosen for this review. Reports of bimetallic catalysts being used for the aforementioned transformations are critically analysed and the potential for exploiting such bimetallic catalysts have also been highlighted. A specific objective of this review article is to motivate researchers to synthesize some of the "designer" bimetallic catalysts with specific nanostructures, inspired from recent advances in the area of materials chemistry, and to utilize them for the transformation of biomass derived materials that are very complex and pose different challenges compared to those of simple organic molecules. We consider that supported bimetallic nanoparticles have an important role to play as catalysts in our quest for a more green and sustainable society. PMID:23093051

Sankar, Meenakshisundaram; Dimitratos, Nikolaos; Miedziak, Peter J; Wells, Peter P; Kiely, Christopher J; Hutchings, Graham J

2012-12-21

184

Developmental framework to validate future designs of ballistic neck protection.  

PubMed

The number of neck injuries has increased during the war in Afghanistan, and they have become an appreciable source of mortality and long-term morbidity for UK servicemen. A three-dimensional numerical model of the neck is necessary to allow simulation of penetrating injury from explosive fragments so that the design of body armour can be optimal, and a framework is required to validate and describe the individual components of this program. An interdisciplinary consensus group consisting of military maxillofacial surgeons, and biomedical, physical, and material scientists was convened to generate the components of the framework, and as a result it incorporates the following components: analysis of deaths and long-term morbidity, assessment of critical cervical structures for incorporation into the model, characterisation of explosive fragments, evaluation of the material of which the body armour is made, and mapping of the entry sites of fragments. The resulting numerical model will simulate the wound tract produced by fragments of differing masses and velocities, and illustrate the effects of temporary cavities on cervical neurovascular structures. Using this framework, a new shirt to be worn under body armour that incorporates ballistic cervical protection has been developed for use in Afghanistan. New designs of the collar validated by human factors and assessment of coverage are currently being incorporated into early versions of the numerical model. The aim of this paper is to describe this developmental framework and provide an update on the current progress of its individual components. PMID:22459006

Breeze, J; Midwinter, M J; Pope, D; Porter, K; Hepper, A E; Clasper, J

2012-03-27

185

Future directions for safeguards design/evaluation tools  

SciTech Connect

Facilities processing special nuclear material (SNM) are complex and dynamic processes whose component equipment, materials, and personnel change their status with time. An associated safeguards system that protects SNM from unauthorized activities by insiders and outsiders is a system for monitoring the dynamic evolution of the facility's state, comparing the observed state to the expected state, and detecting anomalies that could indicate theft or diversion of SNM. Because the installation of a safeguards system at a nuclear facility requires resources that are limited, the need for an economical system that meets U.S. Department of Energy performance requirements is obvious. System analysis tools offer resource savings when a priori optimization of system design results from evaluations of safeguards performance against a range of operating conditions and threat scenarios. These analyses save resources by avoiding costly upgrades when fielded systems perform inadequately.

Markin, J.T. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1989-11-01

186

Interim measure work plan/design for Agra, Kansas.  

SciTech Connect

This Interim Measure Work Plan/Design (IMWP/D) is supplemental to the Argonne document Interim Measure Conceptual Design for Remediation of Source Area Contamination at Agra, Kansas. The IMWP/D includes information required by Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Policy BER-RS-029, Policy and Scope of Work for Interim Measures. Specific to Policy BER-RS-029 is the requirement for several documents that will ensure that an adequate amount and type of data are collected for implementation of the IMWP/D and that data quality and safe conditions are prevailed. Such information is included in the IMWP/D as follows: Appendix A: Data Acquisition Plan--Design Testing Requirements; Appendix B: Basis of Design; Appendix C: Permits; Appendix D: Quality Assurance Project Plan; Appendix E: Health and Safety Plan; and Appendix F: Operations, Maintenance, and Monitoring Schedule. The proposed remedial technology for this project is the installation of five large-diameter boreholes (LDBs) in a source area that has been identified on the property formerly used for grain storage by the Commodity Credit Corporation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (CCC/USDA). The goal of the LDB technology is the remediation of the source area by removal of mass quantities of contaminated soil from the vadose zone and treatment of any remaining contaminated soils that are adjacent to the source area to achieve a carbon tetrachloride concentration below 200 {micro}g/kg. Secondary to the soil remediation is the remediation of groundwater at and adjacent to the source areas. The LDB technology serves the following purposes: (1) The physical removal of contaminated soil from the identified source area. (2) Replacement of less permeable native materials (silty clay, clayey silt, and silty sand) with more permeable materials to facilitate the capture of volatilized contaminants in the vertical borehole. (3) Removal of contaminants volatilized by air sparging (AS) and extracted from the vadose zone by soil vapor extraction (SVE). (4) Volatilization of contaminants from portions of the affected aquifer that can be accessed from the former CCC/USDA property. The primary objective of the proposed removal action is removal of mass quantities of carbon tetrachloride from the vadose zone and treatment of any remaining contaminated soils that are adjacent to the source area, to achieve a carbon tetrachloride concentration below 200 {micro}g/kg. This objective will be the basis for evaluating system performance. The scope of action outlined in the IMWP/D is limited to the five treatment zones defined by the LDB/SVE/AS locations. Surrounding soils and groundwater will benefit; however, remedial benefits to groundwater will be limited to the area of influence associated with the five treatment zones. While treatment should be aggressive in the vicinity of the LDB locations, the heterogeneity, clay content, and low permeability of the soils will place inherent limits on the area of influence.

LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

2008-11-18

187

Current Status and Future Works of Neutron Scattering Laboratory at BATAN in Serpong  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current status of neutron beam instruments using neutrons produced by the Multi Purpose Research Reactor-30MWth (MPR 30, RSG GA Siwabessy) located in Serpong is presented. Description of the reactor as the neutron source is mentioned briefly. There are six neutron beam tubes coming from the beryllium reflector surrounding half of the reactor core providing neutrons in the experimental hall of the reactor (XHR). Four of them are dedicated to R&D in materials science using neutron scattering techniques. Neutron Radiography Facility (NRF), Triple Axis Spectrometer (TAS) and Residual Stress Measurement (RSM) Diffractometer are installed respectively at beam tubes S2, S4 and S6. The largest neutron beam tube (S5) is exploited to accommodate two neutron guide tubes that transfer the neutrons to a neighbouring building called neutron guide hall (NGH). There are three other neutron beam instruments installed in this building, namely Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) Spectrometer (SMARTer), High Resolution SANS (HRSANS) Spectrometer and High Resolution Powder Diffractometer (HRPD). In the XHR, a Four Circle and Texture Diffractometer (FCD/TD) is attached to one of the neutron guide tubes. These seven instruments were installed to utilize the neutrons for materials science research, and recently the RSM diffractometer has shown its capabilities in identifying different amount of stress left due to different treatments of welding in fuel cladding, while the SANS spectrometer is now gaining capabilities in identifying different sizes and shapes of macromolecules in polymers as well as investigations of magnetic samples. In the mean time, non-destructive tests using the NRF is gathering more confidence from some latest real time measurements eventhough there are still some shortcomings in the components and their alignments. Future works including improvement of each facility and its components, even replacement of some parts are necessary and have to be carried out carefully. A plan for developing a neutron reflectometer at one of the neutron guide in the Neutron Guide Hall is also part of the near future activities

Ikram, A.

2008-03-01

188

Current Status and Future Works of Neutron Scattering Laboratory at BATAN in Serpong  

SciTech Connect

Current status of neutron beam instruments using neutrons produced by the Multi Purpose Research Reactor--30MWth (MPR 30, RSG GA Siwabessy) located in Serpong is presented. Description of the reactor as the neutron source is mentioned briefly. There are six neutron beam tubes coming from the beryllium reflector surrounding half of the reactor core providing neutrons in the experimental hall of the reactor (XHR). Four of them are dedicated to R and D in materials science using neutron scattering techniques. Neutron Radiography Facility (NRF), Triple Axis Spectrometer (TAS) and Residual Stress Measurement (RSM) Diffractometer are installed respectively at beam tubes S2, S4 and S6. The largest neutron beam tube (S5) is exploited to accommodate two neutron guide tubes that transfer the neutrons to a neighbouring building called neutron guide hall (NGH). There are three other neutron beam instruments installed in this building, namely Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) Spectrometer (SMARTer), High Resolution SANS (HRSANS) Spectrometer and High Resolution Powder Diffractometer (HRPD). In the XHR, a Four Circle and Texture Diffractometer (FCD/TD) is attached to one of the neutron guide tubes. These seven instruments were installed to utilize the neutrons for materials science research, and recently the RSM diffractometer has shown its capabilities in identifying different amount of stress left due to different treatments of welding in fuel cladding, while the SANS spectrometer is now gaining capabilities in identifying different sizes and shapes of macromolecules in polymers as well as investigations of magnetic samples. In the mean time, non-destructive tests using the NRF is gathering more confidence from some latest real time measurements eventhough there are still some shortcomings in the components and their alignments. Future works including improvement of each facility and its components, even replacement of some parts are necessary and have to be carried out carefully. A plan for developing a neutron reflectometer at one of the neutron guide in the Neutron Guide Hall is also part of the near future activities.

Ikram, A. [Center of Technology for Nuclear Industrial Materials, National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN) Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang 15314 (Indonesia)

2008-03-17

189

The Role of Future Work Goal Motives in Adolescent Identity Development: A Longitudinal Mixed-Methods Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Theories of adolescent identity development often emphasize the importance of adolescents' future work goals, yet these theories rarely distinguish the "self-oriented" motives (enjoying or being a good fit for one's work) from the "beyond-the-self-oriented" motives (having a positive impact on the world beyond the self) that underlie them. The…

Yeager, David Scott; Bundick, Matthew J.; Johnson, Rebecca

2012-01-01

190

Acceptance of Future Workplace Systems: How the Social Situation Influences the Usage Intention of Ambient Intelligence Technologies in Work Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes if, and in which extend, the social work situation influences the intention of potential users to employ Ambient Intelligence technologies in work environments. In a first step, existing application scenarios and prototype applications were analyzed to identify characteristic functionalities of future workplace systems. In the second step, it was tested whether potential end users are willing to

Carsten Röcker

191

Current status and future prospects of Korean standardized nuclear power plant design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed a brief history of Korean nuclear industry since the first Kori-1 plant operation in 1978 with special emphasis on the NSSS and BOP design and engineering, and the design approaches for nuclear power plants in the future. Continued effort to enhance plant economy and operational safety has been made by increasing plant size, and improving safety features,

C.-H. Rieh; S.-K. Park; B.-R. Lee

1992-01-01

192

Infrastructure management as cooperative work: implications for systems design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study looks at the data communications network management organization (NMO) within a large financial institution and applies concepts from ComputerSupported Cooperative Work (CSCW) and other domains to develop a practical Eramework for describing work within this and other similar organizations. Network management is one form of infrastructure management, which is comprised of two kinds of work: real-time supervisory

Robert J. Sandusky

1997-01-01

193

A working paper on the structuring of environmental design education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structure of contemporary environmental design is distorted by paradoxes perpetuated by the professional associations, practitioners, university faculties, and many design students prior to their graduation. Although landscape architectural education is utilized, in this paper, to exemplify three of the structuring paradoxes, planners, architects, and interior designers will readily note similarities within their own respective professional educational processes. The paradoxes

Bob Scarfo

1988-01-01

194

Development of the EUREF Velocity Model - Status and Roadmap for Future Work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Interplate and intraplate deformations are present all over Europe. They can be subdivided by their spatial or temporal nature as well as their magnitude. For example, different, partly overlapping processes are related to several geodynamic zones such as plate boundaries, micro-plates, volcanoes, (formerly) glaciated areas, hydrological basins etc. On the other side, there are long-term processes such as the Fennoscandian post-glacial rebound, episodic events such as earthquakes and many temporarily intermediate deformations from e.g. volcanic swelling or anthropogenic influences due to oil or gas extraction or CO2 sequestration. The corresponding deformations of different scales are measured as three-dimensional crustal velocities by Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) reference stations with meanwhile sufficient detail and accuracy. The IAG Reference Frame Sub-Commission for Europe (EUREF) working group on "Deformation models" aims at obtaining velocity models for Europe and adjacent areas and significantly improving the prediction of the time evolution of coordinates, thus overcoming the limitations in the use of the European Terrestrial Reference System 1989 (ETRS89). A general understanding of the physics behind such a velocity field is also a major goal. In particular, the working group will model and correct for interplate and intraplate deformations, while using the reference frame, and thus extend the useful lifetime of a realisation of the ETRS89. Hence, the purpose of this working group are twofold; first, pure scientific interests in improved knowledge of the surface deformations of Eurasia and adjacent areas, and second, providing a valuable tool in the management and use of the national realisations of the ETRS89. The work will strongly benefit from sophisticated infrastructures such as the European Plate Observing System (EPOS). Key information for improved knowledge of crustal deformations is observed motions at stations. This includes station velocities, and possible station position shifts for the case of episodic events, where the European Permanent Network (EPN) is considered as the core infrastructure. However, a denser network of GNSS stations than EPN will be needed to sample the crustal deformations sufficiently well. The availability of velocity solutions including additional stations compared to the EPN stations provided by other initiatives and projects is therefore of high interest for this initiative. The key input for the working group is the EPN densification where the dense national permanent GNSS networks are integrated with the EPN on the weekly SINEX level. There are three major activities for the development of this solution: An evaluation of station velocities, Development of a crustal deformation model for Europe, and Consideration of such a deformation model in maintenance and use of national realisations of ETRS89. The presentation will give an overview of the current status in the evaluation of station velocities based on initiatives and projects in the last two decades as well as an outlook to future work including details to the model development.

Lidberg, Martin; Steffen, Holger; Altamimi, Zuheir; Bruyninx, Carine; Caporali, Alessandro; Dousa, Jan; Habrich, Heinz; Kenyeres, Ambrus; da Silva Fernandes, Rui Manuel; Stangl, Günter

2013-04-01

195

Work Centered Support System Design: Using Frames to Reduce Work Complexity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We have been developing user interface clients as fully integrated support systems. A Work Centered Support System aids work by using direct and indirect, passive and active methods. An important property of WCSS systems is the use of form representations...

R. G. Eggleston R. D. Whitaker

2002-01-01

196

The Aachen Media Space: Design Patterns for Augmented Work Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Design Patterns are a format to capture the knowledge about successful solutions to recurring design problems in a uniform, interconnected, and easily understood way. The format originated in urban architecture, but has made its way into software engineering and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). This makes them an ideal format to provide guidelines for the design of Augmented Environments (AEs), which requires a highly interdisciplinary team to collaborate.

Borchers, Jan

197

Designing and Assessing Productive Group Work in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A history teacher examines what is successful and not successful in group work in his high school classroom and gives concrete suggestions for improving group practice. Topics discussed include preparing students for group work, supporting collaboration, inviting critical analysis, and assessing both group and individual performance. (Contains 2…

Vaca, Javier; Lapp, Diane; Fisher, Douglas

2011-01-01

198

Group Work and Social Justice: Designing Pedagogy for Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the authors explore the gap between education and action in putting the social work core value of social justice into practice. Describing how their School of Social Work has taken up this challenge, the authors analyze how a new social action course helps bridge this gap and draw on student reflection on their experiences and assignments in

Suzanne Dudziak; Norma Jean Profitt

2012-01-01

199

Work place design recommendations for the pregnant worker  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many workplaces and nations, changing economic conditions and social perceptions have resulted in more pregnant women staying in the work force, often to full term. The failure to recognize the special ergonomic needs of the pregnant worker results in less than efficient work performance and possibly, a health threat to the baby. A number of ergonomic risk factors in

Stephen J Morrissey

1998-01-01

200

Prospective work design of a human-centred CNC lathe  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the operation of many automated systems, the control functions are performed concurrently by human operator and computer. This paper discusses the importance of man-machine interface design for overall system efficiency and described how interface software enables operator and machine to help each other to achieve an effect of which each is separately incapable. Guidelines for the design of a

J. M. Corbett

1985-01-01

201

Prospective Work Design for Call Centers - a Practical New Approach.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We report the CCall project in this paper, which was primarily aimed at developing a webbased tool for evaluating the work conditions in call centers. A practical approach for tool development is described in this paper.

R. Schweer A. Genz U. Flowerday

2004-01-01

202

Designing Effective Science Instruction: What Works in Science Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science teachers, like all teachers, start each school year with high hopes and expectations for students to succeed. They plan their lessons, scramble to get the necessary equipment, and work hard to engage their students. However, despite good intention

Tweed, Anne

2009-11-01

203

Searching for a balance: work–family practices, work–team design, and organizational performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crucial impact of work–family issues on employee's well-being has been recognized and responded with a variety of research in field of organizational behavior. However, few studies examine the impact of how work–family practices affect productivity at firm-level. Following the research stream of strategic human resource management, we proposed that work–family may form the norm of reciprocity, which is a

Nien-Chi Liu; Chih-Yuan Wang

2011-01-01

204

High-Involvement Work Design and Job Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 1999-2002 Canadian Workplace and Employee Survey, the authors investigate the relationship between job satisfaction and high-involvement work practices such as quality circles, feedback, suggestion programs, and task teams. They consider the direction of causality, identifying both reasons that work practices might affect job satisfaction, and reasons that satisfaction might affect participation in high-involvement practices. They find

Robert D. Mohr; Cindy Zoghi

2008-01-01

205

The role of thermodynamics in the design of future jet fuels  

SciTech Connect

The present range of high energy fuels includes a number of multiring, strained hydrocarbon systems. One of the best known of these is JP-10 which is the pure compound, exo-tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene. Another, JP-9, is a blend of methylcyclohexane, exo-tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene, and hydrogenated dimers of norbornadiene (empirical formula C{sub 14}H{sub 18}). These systems all have a high enthalpy of combustion per unit volume, which is significantly greater than the energy density of conventional fuels. The efficient design of future endothermic, high-density jet fuels requires a broad base of accurate thermodynamic information. At NIPER in work at present sponsored by the Department of Energy under their Advanced Process Technology (APT) and Advanced Research and Technology Development (ARTD) programs they are measuring the thermodynamic and thermophysical properties of key compounds present in, or related to, those present in the alternate crudes. The whole program is too large to discuss in detail here, and so they will confine the remainder of this paper to discussion of some of their results in the area of Gibbs free energy calculations.

Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D. (ITT Research Institute, Bartlesville, OK (USA))

1987-04-01

206

Computational lithography work flows and design rule exploration automation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lithography development has become extremely computationally intensive. For a particular technology node being developed, it is critical to determine the optimum source and OPC/RET for each layer. In this paper we present a flexible new computation system for automation of source, OPC and RET optimization of advanced lithography layers. Of course, before determining the optimum source/RET/OPC of any layer, it is equally critical to determine the design rules which can be manufactured at a particular technology node. The design rule computational lithography problem is a superset of the source/OPC/RET optimization problem. With an automated methodology, time for process development can be reduced dramatically if a process development engineer can determine the design rules through accurate, automated simulation of the entire flow.

Sethi, S.; Stanton, William; Lucas, Kevin; Hiserote, Jay; Hur, Duck-Hyung; Choi, Rooli

2012-03-01

207

A New User-Centered Design Process for Creating New Value and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new process model of user-centered design that can be applied to the development of new value and future.\\u000a Realizing that the widely known conventional human-centered design process, defined by ISO13407, is not always effective,\\u000a here we propose a new process model and introduce an overview of activities based on this process. This aims at not only

Yasuhisa Itoh; Yoko Hirose; Hideaki Takahashi; Masaaki Kurosu

2007-01-01

208

Social Work Education in Latin America And the United States: A Look to the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the historical relationship between social work education in Latin America and the United States. It also explores the relevance of these experiences to American social work education. The United States' original contribution to Latin American social work education is being replaced by innovative methodologies more responsive to each country's problems and needs. New social work strategies have

Rosa Perla Resnick

1980-01-01

209

Developing parameters of design for an urban context and demonstrating them as a future design model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many theories have been proposed to improve urban living conditions, but still they do not manage to solve these urban problems. In order to develop a model that can fill this gap, parameters for urban designs have been formed here using various readings and case studies. These are summarized in the thesis research to develop the design model. After selecting

Jigar Abhay Gandhi

2010-01-01

210

Designing Information Systems for Hospital Social Work Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifies five critical decisions and the component factors needed for their resolution when considering computerization: 1) manual versus computer information systems; 2) mainframe versus personal computers; 3) purchased versus "home-grown" software; 4) autocracy versus participatory democracy; and 5) whether computerized social work data…

Romano, Mary D.; And Others

1985-01-01

211

Design-Based Practice: A New Perspective for Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evidence-based practice (EBP) has emerged as an alternative to traditional social work practice and has ignited a new round in the decades-old debate about the relationship between knowledge and practice in the field. This article identifies several limitations inherent in the EBP perspective and argues that it would be unfortunate if EBP were to…

Cohen, Burton J.

2011-01-01

212

Modeling and Simulation for Mission Operations Work System Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

MAARTEN SIERHUIS is a senior research scientist at the Research Institute for Ad- vanced Computer Science (RIACS is an institute of the Universities Space Research Association at NASA's Ames Research Center), where he manages the Brahms project on modeling and simulating work practice. His research interests are multiagent mod- eling languages and their application to the development of human-centered systems.

Maarten Sierhuis; William J. Clancey; Chin Seah; Jay P. Trimble; Michael H. Sims

2003-01-01

213

SET for the future: Working towards inclusive science, engineering and technology curricula in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘SET for the Future?s was a research\\/action project undertaken at Heriot-Watt University in 1996–97, funded by the Scottish Higher Education Funding Council (SHEFC). The SET acronym in the title refers to Science, Engineering and Technology curricula in higher education. The goals of the project were to survey SET students' education experiences, to compare this information with previous research, and to

Catherine Cronin; Maureen Foster; Elizabeth Lister

1999-01-01

214

Assessment of the Training Needs of Fadama Farmers for Future Agricultural Extension Work Development in Osun State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study assessed the training needs of fadama farmers in Osun State for future agricultural extension work development. Primary data on fadama farming were collected from 150 fadama farmers selected using random sampling technique. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation matrix and regression techniques. The results of analysis indicated that fadama farming is practiced mostly very close to

S. A. Adesoji; A. J. Farinde; O. A. Ajayi

2006-01-01

215

Designing Online Instruction for Success: Future Oriented Motivation and Self-Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the high rate of student drop-out and withdrawal from courses and programs using an online learning format, it is important to consider innovative ways to foster and encourage student success in online environments. One such way is to incorporate aspects of student future orientation into the design of online instruction. This paper presents an overview of a program of

Joel T. Schmidt; Christian H. Werner

216

Designing Smart Health Care Technology into the Home of the Future.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Designing Smart Health Care; Technology into the Home of the Future Steve Warren, Ph.D. and Richard L. Craft, Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM87185. Abstract This editorial paper presents a vision for intelligent health care in...

R. L. Craft S. Warren

1999-01-01

217

Nuclear Thermal Rocket/Vehicle Design Options for Future NASA Missions to the Moon and MARS.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) provides a unique propulsion capability to planners/designers of future human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. In addition to its high specific impulse (approximately 850-1000 s) and engine thrust-to-weight ratio...

E. G. Beke M. L. Mcguire R. R. Corban S. K. Borowski

1995-01-01

218

Design of the Access Network Segment of Future Mobile Communications Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important component of future mobile communications systems is their access network segment that enables interworking between the mobile unit and the fixed network. In this paper we define and solve two important problems, related to the design of this segment. First, the efficient utilisation of the available radio spectrum. In this context we present a scheme that may be

E. C. Tzifa; V. P. Demesticha; P. P. Demestichas; M. E. Theologou; M. E. Anagnostou

1999-01-01

219

Designing Future technologies for people with disabilities in a developing country  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both the physical and virtual aspects of our curre nt society are designed for able-bodied people. This means that very often people with disabilities are excluded from participation and faces barriers to l iving independently. This paper looks at how current urban environments in a develo ping country can be altered to include people with disabilities and how future urb

Quentin WILLIAMS; Marde GREEFF; Shela BOSHEMANE; Ronell ALBERTS

220

METAMATERIAL-BASED SENSOR DESIGN WORKING IN INFRARED FREQUENCY RANGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose the design of high sensitivity and selectivity metamaterial-based biosensors operating in the THz regime. The proposed sensors consist of planar array of resonant metallic structures, whose frequency response is modifled through the variation of the surrounding dielectric environment. We consider difierent resonator geometries, such as the squared, circular, asymmetrical, and omega ones, and the analysis

L. La Spada; F. Bilotti; L. Vegni

2011-01-01

221

Long-pulse laser design and experimental work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long pulse laser starts to have a prominent role in many applications. So, How to design and calculate the parameters of the high power long-pulse solid-state laser is illustrated, experimentally and arithmetically. How to design a pumping chamber is illustrated, with a double-ellipse cavity. Optical resonator losses are got experimentally in details. Efficiency factor and system slope efficiency are calculated experimentally. Illustration for how to get the optimum mirror reflectivity is mentioned. Beam waist and beam divergence also studied experimentally. The designed system has 10J output energy with pulse width 20msec for efficiency factor 1.1% and a combined loss 0.181 inside resonator. Average system efficiency, gain coefficient and fluorescence power for four different output mirror reflectivity are 0.328%, 0.00994cm-1 and 144.92W respectively. 6KW/cm2 power density inside resonator is obtained which corresponds to 585W maximum output power. An optimum mirror reflectivity 57% is for 208.2KW input power. The beam waist and beam divergence are recorded to be 0.66cm and 8.86mrad. Calculations show that, 11.7J output energy can be obtained by more optimization based on the designed system.

Helal, Osama; Yong, Tan; Yunfeng, Ding; Cai, HongXing

2013-09-01

222

Involving Assessment Buddies in the Assessment of Design Project Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of a specially developed assessment and feedback system implemented within a second year industrial design module at Coventry University, UK. The "Assessment Buddy" system was developed in response to the need for a successful assessment and feedback method that could cope with the complexities of a creative…

Osmond, Jane; Clough, Brian

2012-01-01

223

Designing sustainable work systems: The need for a systems approach.  

PubMed

There is a growing discussion concerning sustainability. While this discussion was at first mainly focused on a society level - and sometimes regarding especially environmental problems, one can now see that this topic is of increasing relevance for companies worldwide and even the social dimension of this three pillar approach is gaining more and more importance. This leads to some questions: Is sustainability already a part of human factors thinking or do we have to further develop our discipline? How can we define sustainable work systems? What are the topics we have to consider? Do we need a new systems ergonomics perspective regarding whole value creation chains and a life-cycle perspective concerning products (and work systems)? How can we deal with potential contradictions about social, ecological, and economic goals? PMID:23608710

Zink, Klaus J

2013-04-19

224

Disciplining the Working Classes: Neoliberal Designs in Vocational Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay critiques the neoliberal reorganization of vocational education, finding that the notion of democratic schooling has been diminished as the differential needs of working-class students are unrecognized and unmet. Instead, these students are faced with the false promises of merit advanced in the middle-class discourses of college-for-all. Vocational education reforms support the privatization movement through the creation of charter

Richard D. Lakes; Patricia A. Carter

2009-01-01

225

Lunar Base Habitat Designs: Characterizing the Environment, and Selecting Habitat Designs for Future Trade-Offs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A survey of distinct conceptual lunar habitat designs covering the pre- and post-Apollo era is presented. The impact of the significant lunar environmental challenges such as temperature, atmosphere, radiation, soil properties, meteorites, and seismic act...

G. B. Ganapathi J. Ferrall P. K. Seshan

1993-01-01

226

Statement of work for definitive design of the K basins integrated water treatment system project  

SciTech Connect

This Statement of Work (SOW) identifies the scope of work and schedule requirements for completing definitive design of the K Basins Integrated Water Treatment Systems (IWTS) Subproject. This SOW shall form the contractual basis between WHC and the Design Agent for the Definitive Design.

Pauly, T.R., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-16

227

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

228

Work at home for computer professionals: current attitudes and future prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subject of this paper is work performed in the home with computer and communications technology, also known as telecommuting. The article reports on two studies of work at home: a quasi-experimental field study of organizational telecommuting pilot programs, and an attitude survey comparing computer professionals who work at home to employees doing similar jobs in traditional office settings. The

Margrethe H. Olson

1989-01-01

229

Back to the Future for Home CareRoots of Social Work and Nursing in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a historical look at early home care and social work in Charles Town, South Carolina. The article references specific statements and recollections of home care and social work through out the 1700s and 1800s. This history was similar to the national impetus for home care and social work through out the British Colonies during the early 1700s

Michael D. Byrd

2008-01-01

230

Career/Technology Centers That Work: An Enhanced "High Schools That Work" Design for Technology Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"High Schools That Work" is an effort-based school improvement initiative founded on the conviction that most students can master rigorous career/technical and academic studies if school leaders and teachers create an environment that motivates students to make the effort to succeed. HSTW is the nation's first large-scale effort to engage state,…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2007

2007-01-01

231

SET for the Future: Working towards Inclusive Science, Engineering and Technology Curricula in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"SET (Science, Engineering, and Technology) for the Future," a research/action project at Scotland's Heriot-Watt University, surveyed SET students' education experience, compared information with previous research, and used results to modify two SET modules to increase the participation of women students and improve their experiences. Discusses…

Cronin, Catherine; Foster, Maureen; Lister, Elizabeth

1999-01-01

232

Future of Forensic DNA Testing: Predictions of the Research and Development Working Group.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is divided into a summary and two main sections. The first of these, Technology, Present and Future, is in nontechnical language and intended for a general readership. The second, Appendix, Technical Summaries, is for those who want more detail...

2000-01-01

233

An Assessment of Future Employment Opportunities for Individuals Trained in the Automotive Trades. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Youth Authority (CYA) planned to offer a training program covering all aspects of the automotive trades to wards during their incarceration. Through analysis, it showed future job opportunities exist, due to increased job numbers and high turnover rate, for persons trained in the automotive trades in California over a 10-year period…

California State Dept. of Employment Development, Sacramento.

234

An Assessment of Future Employment Opportunities for Individuals Trained in the Automotive Trades. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The California Youth Authority (CYA) planned to offer a training program covering all aspects of the automotive trades to wards during their incarceration. Through analysis, it showed future job opportunities exist, due to increased job numbers and high turnover rate, for persons trained in the automotive trades in California over a 10-year…

California State Dept. of Employment Development, Sacramento.

235

Wind power plant collector system design considerations: IEEE PES wind plant collector system design working group  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a summary of the most important design considerations for wind power plants. Various considerations, including feeder topology, collector design, interconnect and NESC\\/NEC requirements, and design engineering studies are discussed.

E. H. Camm; M. R. Behnke; O. Bolado; M. Bollen; M. Bradt; C. Brooks; W. Dilling; M. Edds; W. J. Hejdak; D. Houseman; S. Klein; F. Li; J. Li; P. Maibach; T. Nicolai; J. Patino; S. V. Pasupulati; N. Samaan; S. Saylors; T. Siebert; T. Smith; M. Starke; R. Walling

2009-01-01

236

Designing Computerized Decision Support That Works for Clinicians and Families  

PubMed Central

Evidence-based decision-making is central to the practice of pediatrics. Clinical trials and other biomedical research provide a foundation for this process, and practice guidelines, drawing from their results, inform the optimal management of an increasing number of childhood health problems. However, many clinicians fail to adhere to guidelines. Clinical decision support delivered using health information technology, often in the form of electronic health records, provides a tool to deliver evidence-based information to the point of care and has the potential to overcome barriers to evidence-based practice. An increasing literature now informs how these systems should be designed and implemented to most effectively improve outcomes in pediatrics. Through the examples of computerized physician order entry, as well as the impact of alerts at the point of care on immunization rates, the delivery of evidence-based asthma care, and the follow-up of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the following review addresses strategies for success in using these tools. The following review argues that, as decision support evolves, the clinician should no longer be the sole target of information and alerts. Through the Internet and other technologies, families are increasingly seeking health information and gathering input to guide health decisions. By enlisting clinical decision support systems to deliver evidence-based information to both clinicians and families, help families express their preferences and goals, and connect families to the medical home, clinical decision support may ultimately be most effective in improving outcomes.

Fiks, Alexander G.

2011-01-01

237

Working together - a VR based approach for cooperative digital design review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we will present an approach how to support collaborative work between several experts in a design review based on CAD data. The design review is an important part of the design process of a new product, because its objective is to ensure the quality of the final product. During a design review several experts discuss the current

Christian Knöpfle

2002-01-01

238

Analyzing data from single-case designs using multilevel models: New applications and some agenda items for future research.  

PubMed

Several authors have proposed the use of multilevel models to analyze data from single-case designs. This article extends that work in 2 ways. First, examples are given of how to estimate these models when the single-case designs have features that have not been considered by past authors. These include the use of polynomial coefficients to model nonlinear change, the modeling of counts (Poisson distributed) or proportions (binomially distributed) as outcomes, the use of 2 different ways of modeling treatment effects in ABAB designs, and applications of these models to alternating treatment and changing criterion designs. Second, issues that arise when multilevel models are used for the analysis of single-case designs are discussed; such issues can form part of an agenda for future research on this topic. These include statistical power and assumptions, applications to more complex single-case designs, the role of exploratory data analyses, extensions to other kinds of outcome variables and sampling distributions, and other statistical programs that can be used to do such analyses. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23834421

Shadish, William R; Kyse, Eden Nagler; Rindskopf, David M

2013-07-08

239

Working Memory Involved in Predicting Future Outcomes Based on Past Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). "Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions." "Neuropsychology," 18, 152-162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair…

Dretsch, Michael N.; Tipples, Jason

2008-01-01

240

Investing in the Future: Addressing Work/Life Issues of Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A national survey of Extension employees identified the most critical work/life challenges as a heavy workload, evening and weekend commitments, and lack of control or job autonomy. Only 40% were aware of benefits and programs offered concerning work/life balance. Recommendations included reducing the workload and time requirements of…

Kutilek, Linda M.; Conklin, Nikki L.; Gunderson, Gail

2002-01-01

241

Future World of Work. Long Range Planning Assistance for Local United Ways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of technological, political, social, and economic forces affecting the world of work indicates that in the eighties significant changes can be expected in the following areas: the nature of organizations, the relationship between individuals and organizations, the nature of the work force, the nature of the workplace, and the nature of…

Wilkinson, George

242

Predicting India's Future: Does it Justify the Exportation of US Social Work Education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current social work education in India reflects globalization priorities and tendencies of neo-colonialism that emulate curriculum priorities and duplicate content developed in countries like the USA. Social work education as implemented by countries like the USA, has limited success in transnational training of social workers and their ability to address emerging social problems and deep rooted structural imbalances within non-USA

Shweta Singh; Edward J. Gumz; Brenda C. Crawley

2010-01-01

243

Predicting India's Future: Does it Justify the Exportation of US Social Work Education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current social work education in India reflects globalization priorities and tendencies of neo-colonialism that emulate curriculum priorities and duplicate content developed in countries like the USA. Social work education as implemented by countries like the USA, has limited success in transnational training of social workers and their ability to address emerging social problems and deep rooted structural imbalances within non-USA

Shweta Singh; Edward J. Gumz; Brenda C. Crawley

2011-01-01

244

Discrimination against Hispanics in the Public Sector Work Force: Past, Present, and Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of discrimination against Hispanics in the public sector work force, drawing examples from large public agencies of Los Angeles (California) and other state and national public work forces. Hispanics must overturn the destructive strategies and policies so effectively used by the power elite. (SLD)

Yaffe, Jerry

1993-01-01

245

Preparing School Social Work for the Future: An Update of School Social Workers' Tasks in Iowa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors begin this article by highlighting clinical social casework as a historic trend in school social work practice. They then identify two major shifts in current education policy related to school social work practice. One shift is an emphasis on a multilevel intervention approach, and the other is the differentiation between academic…

Peckover, Christopher A.; Vasquez, Matthew L.; Van Housen, Stephanie L.; Saunders, Jeanne A.; Allen, Larry

2013-01-01

246

Reputations, Rankings, and Realities of Social Work Schools: Challenges for Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the publications in refereed professional journals that ranked American schools of social work for a 13-year period. The trends are contrasted with those reported in the most widely disseminated rankings of social work schools, namely, "U.S. News and World Report." Substantial differences emerge when findings from the 2 data…

Feldman, Ronald A.

2006-01-01

247

Investing in the Future: Addressing Work/Life Issues of Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national survey of Extension employees identified the most critical work/life challenges as a heavy workload, evening and weekend commitments, and lack of control or job autonomy. Only 40% were aware of benefits and programs offered concerning work/life balance. Recommendations included reducing the workload and time requirements of county-based…

Kutilek, Linda M.; Conklin, Nikki L.; Gunderson, Gail

2002-01-01

248

Working Memory Involved in Predicting Future Outcomes Based on Past Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). "Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions." "Neuropsychology," 18, 152-162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair…

Dretsch, Michael N.; Tipples, Jason

2008-01-01

249

Working memory involved in predicting future outcomes based on past experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions. Neuropsy- chology, 18, 152–162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair task performance [Hinson, J., Jameson, T. &

Michael N. Dretsch; Jason Tipples

2007-01-01

250

The Future of Work: Insights, Views, Prospects. Basis-Info: Social Policy. IN Press.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young people must prepare themselves for lifelong learning and frequent job changes. Optimists predict a new world of work with many creative, interesting, satisfying jobs; pessimists believe society will finally run out of work and foresee unemployment and social downgrading for a majority of people. There are indications at present of both…

Bechtel, Michael

251

IEA Wind Task 26: The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy, Work Package 2  

SciTech Connect

Over the past 30 years, wind power has become a mainstream source of electricity generation around the world. However, the future of wind power will depend a great deal on the ability of the industry to continue to achieve cost of energy reductions. In this summary report, developed as part of the International Energy Agency Wind Implementing Agreement Task 26, titled 'The Cost of Wind Energy,' we provide a review of historical costs, evaluate near-term market trends, review the methods used to estimate long-term cost trajectories, and summarize the range of costs projected for onshore wind energy across an array of forward-looking studies and scenarios. We also highlight the influence of high-level market variables on both past and future wind energy costs.

Lantz, E.; Wiser, R.; Hand, M.

2012-05-01

252

The future of fixed target physics: Snowmass E5 working group summary  

SciTech Connect

Fixed target experimentation remains a vigorous and important tool. In many cases it provides the best technique to study elementary physics. Here the authors explore several areas, where, in the near future, fixed target experiments have the potential to alter the understanding of physics. These include, but are clearly not limited to, high precision tests of CP violation in the Kaon sector, ultra-precise determination of the weak mixing angle and its evolution, and lepton flavor violation.

Krishna Kumar et al.

2002-12-10

253

Nuclear Thermal Rocket\\/vehicle design options for future NASA missions to the Moon and Mars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) provides a unique propulsion capability to planners\\/designers of future human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. In addition to its high specific impulse (approximately 850-1000 s) and engine thrust-to-weight ratio (approximately 3-10), the NTR can also be configured as a 'dual mode' system capable of generating electrical power for spacecraft environmental systems, communications, and

Stanley K. Borowski; Robert R. Corban; Melissa L. McGuire; Erik G. Beke

1995-01-01

254

Helmet-mounted display human factor engineering design issues: past, present, and future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An often overlooked area of helmet-mounted display (HMD) design is that of good human factors engineering. Systems which pass bench testing with flying colors can often find less enthusiastic acceptance during fielding when good human factors engineering principles are not adhered to throughout the design process. This paper addresses lessons learned on the fielding of the AH-64 Apache Integrated Helmet and Display Sight System (IHADSS) and the Aviator's Night Vision Imaging System (ANVIS). These lessons are used to develop guidance for future HMDs in such diverse areas as: user adjustments, anthropometry, fit and comfort, manpower and personnel requirements, and equipment compatibility.

Licina, Joseph R.; Rash, Clarence E.; Mora, John C.; Ledford, Melissa H.

1999-07-01

255

A systematic review of the designs of clinical technology: findings and recommendations for future research.  

PubMed

Human factors (HF) studies are increasingly important as technology infuses into clinical settings. No nursing research reviews exist in this area. The authors conducted a systematic review on designs of clinical technology, 34 articles with 50 studies met inclusion criteria. Findings were classified into 3 categories on the basis of HF research goals. The majority of studies evaluated effectiveness of clinical design; efficiency was fewest. Current research ranges across many interface types examined with no apparent pattern or obvious rationale. Future research should expand types, settings, and participants; integrate displays; and expand outcome variables. PMID:19707093

Alexander, Greg; Staggers, Nancy

256

Past, present, and future design of urban drainage systems with focus on Danish experiences.  

PubMed

Climate change will influence the water cycle substantially, and extreme precipitation will become more frequent in many regions in the years to come. How should this fact be incorporated into design of urban drainage systems, if at all? And how important is climate change compared to other changes over time? Based on an analysis of the underlying key drivers of changes that are expected to affect urban drainage systems the current problems and their predicted development over time are presented. One key issue is management of risk and uncertainties and therefore a framework for design and analysis of urban structures in light of present and future uncertainties is presented. PMID:21278476

Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K

2011-01-01

257

The U.S.-German Bilateral Working Group (BGW): Collaborative Research For A Sustainable Future  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1990, the United States and Germany have worked bilaterally to identify, understand, and apply innovative technologies and policies for remediation and sustainable revitalization of contaminated sites in each country. Over a period of 15 years (= three Phases) remarkable b...

258

A five-year working model for integrating design into the engineering curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss a five-year working model for integrating design into the Manufacturing Engineering Department's curriculum at Miami University. The model builds on work from other engineering institutions and coalitions as well as our own unique experience at Miami University. Our model consists of unified threads among the engineering science, manufacturing and design courses in the curriculum. These threads allow the

James B. Stenger; Osama Ettouney

1996-01-01

259

Concepts that support collocated collaborative work inspired by the specific context of industrial designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a naturalistic study of industrial designers engaged in collocated collaborative design work in a technologically unsophisticated environment, we observed a number of interactions that lead to a number of insights, namely, (1) seating and the shape and orientation of the working surface has an effect on line of sight and eye-contact behaviors, (2) being able to reach objects

Huiwen Wang; Eli Blevis

2004-01-01

260

Technology Centers That Work: An Enhanced Design to Get All Students to Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Founded in 2007, the "Technology Centers That Work" (TCTW) school improvement model is designed to assist shared-time technology centers in preparing graduates for postsecondary studies and employment in high-demand, high-wage, high-skill fields. "TCTW" was modified from SREB's "High Schools That Work" ("HSTW") design to address shared-time…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2009

2009-01-01

261

Risk-informed assessment of regulatory and design requirements for future nuclear power plants. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 Risk-informed assessment of regulatory and design requirements for future nuclear power plants. Annual report. The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-formed approach for the design and regulation of nuclear power plants. This approach will include the development and/or confirmation of corresponding regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major impediment to long term competitiveness of new nuclear plants in the U.S. is the capital cost component--which may need to be reduced on the order of 35% to 40% for Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWRS) such as System 80+ and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR). The required cost reduction for an ALWR such as AP600 or AP1000 would be expected to be less. Such reductions in capital cost will require a fundamental reevaluation of the industry standards and regulatory bases under which nuclear plants are designed and licensed. Fortunately, there is now an increasing awareness that many of the existing regulatory requirements and industry standards are not significantly contributing to safety and reliability and, therefore, are unnecessarily adding to nuclear plant costs. Not only does this degrade the economic competitiveness of nuclear energy, it results in unnecessary costs to the American electricity consumer. While addressing these concerns, this research project will be coordinated with current efforts of industry and NRC to develop risk-informed, performance-based regulations that affect the operation of the existing nuclear plants; however, this project will go further by focusing on the design of new plants.

NONE

2000-08-01

262

Status and Plans for the Accelerator Working Group of the International Design Study of the Neutrino Factory  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the International Design Study of the Neutrino Factory (IDS-NF) is to produce a design report for a neutrino factory in 2013. I report the status of the accelerator design and plans for future studies.

Berg, J. Scott [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 901A, P.O. Box 5000, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)

2010-03-30

263

The Future of Disaster Response: Humans Working with Multiagent Teams Using DEFACTO  

Microsoft Academic Search

When addressing terrorist threats we must give special attention to both prevention and disaster response. Enabling effective interactions between agent teams and humans for disaster response is a critical area of research, with encouraging progress in the past few years. However, previous work suffers from two key limitations: (i) limited human situational awareness, reducing human effectiveness in directing agent teams

Nathan Schurr; Janusz Marecki; Milind Tambe; Paul Scerri; J. P. Lewis; Nikhil Kasinadhuni

2005-01-01

264

Informing the Future: A Plan for Higher Education for the Eighties. Working Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Major issues affecting higher education in Texas in the 1980s are identified in 20 working papers from outside consultants, the academic community, and Texas College and University System Coordinating Board staff. Topics and authors include: higher education in Texas in the 1980s (Christopher Dede); leadership in higher education (Joseph…

Texas Coll. and Univ. System, Austin. Coordinating Board.

265

The Construct of Resilience: A Critical Evaluation and Guidelines for Future Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a critical appraisal of resilience, a construct connoting the maintenance of positive adapta- tion by individuals despite experiences of significant adversity. As empirical research on resilience has bur- geoned in recent years, criticisms have been levied at work in this area. These critiques have generally focused on ambiguities in definitions and central terminology; heterogeneity in risks experienced

Suniya S. Luthar; Dante Cicchetti; Bronwyn Becker

2000-01-01

266

The Rural Challenge: Rural Schools and Communities Working as Partners for the Future of Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Annenberg Rural Challenge locates and funds exemplary rural public school programs to serve as models for rural education reform. The guiding theory of the Rural Challenge is that when rural schools base their teaching on the economy, ecology, history, and culture of their communities while fully engaging the community in the school's work,…

Annenberg Rural Challenge, Granby, CO.

267

Secondary Analysis in Social Work Research Education: Past, Present, and Future Promise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the emergence of secondary analysis of data (SA) as a methodology for examining questions of relevance for social work and its implications for student education. Given the rapid expansion of available data archives from agencies, governmental and research sources, and technological advances in accessibility and ease of use,…

Sales, Esther; Lichtenwalter, Sara; Fevola, Antonio

2006-01-01

268

Response: Uses of History in Creating New Futures--A Science-Informed Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social work is a profession that draws (or should draw) on available knowledge in the disciplines as well as other sources including other professions in the pursuit of "the betterment of life conditions of individuals, groups, and communities." An historical perspective illustrates opportunities taken and lost to harvest knowledge in pursuit of…

Gambrill, Eileen

2012-01-01

269

Crafting a Future in Science: Tracing Middle School Girls' Identity Work over Time and Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The underrepresentation of girls from nondominant backgrounds in the sciences and engineering continues despite recent gains in achievement. This longitudinal ethnographic study traces the identity work that girls from nondominant backgrounds do as they engage in science-related activities across school, club, and home during the middle school…

Barton, Angela Calabrese; Kang, Hosun; Tan, Edna; O'Neill, Tara B.; Bautista-Guerra, Juanita; Brecklin, Caitlin

2013-01-01

270

What Adolescents Can Tell Us: Technology and the Future of Social Work Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use and usefulness of Information Technology (IT) is rapidly growing around the world, especially among the youth. IT has been shown to impact learning styles, communication, and social relationships in many ways. Recently, significant discussion has arisen around the importance of IT in higher education and more specifically, social work education. This study qualitatively assesses 128 youth aged 13–14

Brian K. Ahmedani; Rena D. Harold; Victoria A. Fitton; Erica D. Shifflet Gibson

2010-01-01

271

Botswana Road Safety Project: Project Review and Suggestions for Future Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA) has financed road safety work in Botswana since 1985. The two first phases of the project have come to an end and SIDA wanted a review of the project. In the report SIDA is recommended to continue the...

R. Muskaug T. Assum

1989-01-01

272

Future Research Directions in Sleep and ADHD: Report of a Consensus Working Group.  

PubMed

Objective: To explore relationships between basic and translational science research regarding sleep and ADHD in children. Method: A multidisciplinary group of experts in pediatric sleep medicine and ADHD convened in November 2010 to summarize the current literature, delineate knowledge gaps, and formulate recommendations regarding future research directions and priorities. Results: Six major research areas of interest were identified: (a) brain centers regulating sleep, arousal, and attention; (b) neurotransmitter systems involved in both sleep and attention regulation; (c) alterations of neural systems regulating sleep in ADHD; (d) phenotypic similarities between behavioral, mood, and cognitive manifestations of insufficient/disrupted sleep and ADHD; (e) hypoarousal and sleepiness in ADHD; and (f) external sleep-wake signals that affect sleep regulation in ADHD. Conclusion: An enhanced understanding of the complex mechanisms regulating sleep promotion, wakefulness, and attention may contribute to new insights regarding the core impairments in ADHD and lead to the development of new therapies. PMID:22982880

Owens, Judith; Gruber, Reut; Brown, Thomas; Corkum, Penny; Cortese, Samuele; O'Brien, Louise; Stein, Mark; Weiss, Margaret

2012-09-13

273

Video Games and the Future of Learning. WCER Working Paper No. 2005-4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Will video games change the way we learn? We argue here for a particular view of games--and of learning--as activities that are most powerful when they are personally meaningful, experiential, social, and epistemological all at the same time. From this perspective, we describe an approach to the design of learning environments that builds on the…

Shaffer, David Williamson; Halverson, Richard; Squire, Kurt R.; Gee, James P.

2005-01-01

274

A Consideration of Future Flight Material Exposure Experiments in Japan: Advanced Material Exposure Test Working Group's Proposal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Japan, the largest material exposure program “SM/MPAC&SEED (Service Module/ Micro-Particles Capturer and Space Environment Exposure Device) Experiment” has been completed. This program is quite ambitious among the other Japanese materials exposure tests; 3 sets of samples have been exposed for 1, 2 and 3 years in orbit in order to discover the fluence dependence of the material responses. We have learned a lot of lessons from this program. Based on the lessons learned, the “Advanced Material Exposure Test Working Group” has been established by the Committee on Space Utilization in 2007. This working group discussed the current problems of the material exposure program (flight tests) and proposed the future direction of the experimental methodologies. In this presentation, problems and new challenges discussed in this working group will be discussed.

Tagawa, Masahito; Yokota, Kumiko; Cho, Mengu; Iwata, Minoru; Yokota, Rikio; Suzuki, Mineo; Matsumoto, Koji; Kimoto, Yugo; Miyazaki, Eiji; Shimamura, Hiroyuki

275

The Construct of Resilience: A Critical Evaluation and Guidelines for Future Work  

PubMed Central

This paper presents a critical appraisal of resilience, a construct connoting the maintenance of positive adaptation by individuals despite experiences of significant adversity. As empirical research on resilience has burgeoned in recent years, criticisms have been levied at work in this area. These critiques have generally focused on ambiguities in definitions and central terminology; heterogeneity in risks experienced and competence achieved by individuals viewed as resilient; instability of the phenomenon of resilience; and concerns regarding the usefulness of resilience as a theoretical construct. We address each identified criticism in turn, proposing solutions for those we view as legitimate and clarifying misunderstandings surrounding those we believe to be less valid. We conclude that work on resilience possesses substantial potential for augmenting the understanding of processes affecting at-risk individuals. Realization of the potential embodied by this construct, however, will remain constrained without continued scientific attention to some of the serious conceptual and methodological pitfalls that have been noted by skeptics and proponents alike.

Luthar, Suniya S.; Cicchetti, Dante; Becker, Bronwyn

2007-01-01

276

[The "Mining Rescue System and Mine Fires" Working Group. Tasks, results, future activities].  

PubMed

The president of the working party presents details of its principal tasks in the past and in the present time. These can be summed up in a study of the problems mentioned below and the subsequent elaboration of recommendations for the benefit of the governments, guidelines, information reports and research proposals. The principal problems that were or are still under study are: --prevention of fires: shaft equipment, hydraulic fluids, belt conveyors, . . .; --detection of mine fires and spontaneous combustion; --fighting of mine fires: shaft fires, construction of stoppings, openings and recovering of fire zones, . . .; --coordination and rescue equipment: escape and rescue breathing apparatus, flameproof clothing, rescue of trapped miners; --stabilization of ventilation in the event of fire, . . . The speaker stresses the importance of the information exchange and the atmosphere of fellowship and solidarity that prevails in the working party. PMID:6622911

Coenders, A

1983-01-01

277

Work Requirements in Transformation, Competence for the Future: A Critical Look at the Consequences of Current Positions. IAB Labour Market Research Topics No. 45.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Germany and elsewhere, the literature on current and future work requirements rarely discusses the effects of globalization, internationalization, computerization, and other factors from the point of view of workers. Some have suggested that a blurring of limits will be one of the main changes in work in the future. This blurring will involve…

Plath, Hans-Eberhard

278

SpyCam and RoboCam: An Application of the Future Technology Workshop Method to the Design of New Technology for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Future Technology Workshop is a method for the design of future socio-technical systems. It builds upon existing participatory design techniques and provides a way of exploring the interactions between technologies and activities, now and in the future. The method has been applied to the design of future imaging technologies for children. Prototypes of such technologies have been produced and

Giasemi N Vavoula; Mike Sharples; James Cross; Chris Baber

279

Biomechanical energy harvesting from human motion: theory, state of the art, design guidelines, and future directions  

PubMed Central

Background Biomechanical energy harvesting from human motion presents a promising clean alternative to electrical power supplied by batteries for portable electronic devices and for computerized and motorized prosthetics. We present the theory of energy harvesting from the human body and describe the amount of energy that can be harvested from body heat and from motions of various parts of the body during walking, such as heel strike; ankle, knee, hip, shoulder, and elbow joint motion; and center of mass vertical motion. Methods We evaluated major motions performed during walking and identified the amount of work the body expends and the portion of recoverable energy. During walking, there are phases of the motion at the joints where muscles act as brakes and energy is lost to the surroundings. During those phases of motion, the required braking force or torque can be replaced by an electrical generator, allowing energy to be harvested at the cost of only minimal additional effort. The amount of energy that can be harvested was estimated experimentally and from literature data. Recommendations for future directions are made on the basis of our results in combination with a review of state-of-the-art biomechanical energy harvesting devices and energy conversion methods. Results For a device that uses center of mass motion, the maximum amount of energy that can be harvested is approximately 1 W per kilogram of device weight. For a person weighing 80 kg and walking at approximately 4 km/h, the power generation from the heel strike is approximately 2 W. For a joint-mounted device based on generative braking, the joints generating the most power are the knees (34 W) and the ankles (20 W). Conclusions Our theoretical calculations align well with current device performance data. Our results suggest that the most energy can be harvested from the lower limb joints, but to do so efficiently, an innovative and light-weight mechanical design is needed. We also compared the option of carrying batteries to the metabolic cost of harvesting the energy, and examined the advantages of methods for conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy.

2011-01-01

280

Design-led Regeneration? Evaluating the Design Outcomes of Cardiff Bay and their Implications for Future Regeneration and Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design-led regeneration has been promoted in the UK since 1999 with varying degrees of success, and it is an increasingly important tool in the drive for greater urban competitiveness, at least in local government rhetoric. This paper focuses on experience in Cardiff, the Capital of Wales, and in particular the regeneration of Cardiff Bay over the last two decades. Unique

JOHN PUNTER

2007-01-01

281

Research on design of cryotransformers and its prospects for the future  

SciTech Connect

Calculation results of the technical-economic parameters of large power cryotransformers with windings of pure aluminum, presented in this paper, indicate that the production of such cryotransformers could be justified and that resumption of the research work in this field would be advisable. On the basis of significant progress in the development of new multifilament superconducting wires it was concluded that the construction of cryotransformers with superconducting windings will become feasible in the near future, and that most likely these windings will operate at the temperature of liquid hydrogen.

Lech, W.

1985-02-28

282

Past and Future Work on Radiobiology Mega Studies: A Case Study at Argonne National Laboratory  

PubMed Central

Between 1952 and 1992 more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the life span and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology mega studies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals, and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research.

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2013-01-01

283

Past and future work on radiobiology mega-studies: a case study at Argonne National Laboratory.  

PubMed

Between 1952 and 1992, more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America, and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the lifespan and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data, ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender-specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly-developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene-specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology megastudies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies, and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research. PMID:22004930

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2011-06-01

284

Past and Future Work on Radiobiology Mega-Studies: A Case Study At Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Between 1952 and 1992, more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America, and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the lifespan and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data, ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender-specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly-developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene-specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology megastudies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies, and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research.

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2011-09-06

285

Thinking About the Future Cognitive Remediation Therapy--What Works and Could We Do Better?  

PubMed Central

This article reviews progress in the development of effective cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) and its translational process. There is now enough evidence that cognitive difficulties experienced by people with schizophrenia can change and that the agenda for the next generation of studies is to increase these effects systematically through cognitive remediation. We examine the necessary steps and challenges of moving CRT to treatment dissemination. Theories which have been designed to explain the effects of cognitive remediation, are important but we conclude that they are not essential for dissemination which could progress in an empirical fashion. One apparent barrier is that cognitive remediation therapies look different on the surface. However, they still tend to use many of the same training procedures. The only important marker for outcome identified in the current studies seems to be the training emphasis. Some therapies concentrate on massed practice of cognitive functions, whereas others also use direct training of strategies. These may produce differing effects as noted in the most recent meta-analyses. We recommend attention to several critical issues in the next generation of empirical studies. These include developing more complex models of the therapy effects that take into account participant characteristics, specific and broad cognitive outcomes, the study design, as well as the specific and nonspecific effects of treatment, which have rarely been investigated in this empirical programme.

Wykes, Til; Spaulding, Will D.

2011-01-01

286

The future: "Health-care delivery and design: 2000 to 2040.".  

PubMed

Before one more obsolete hospital gets built, architects must look at the future of patient care and the technologies it will demand. That's according to Robert J. Iverson, ALA, a Senior Associate Principal with Loebl Schlossman & Hackl/Hague-Richards in Chicago, who has spent 28 years involved in the architecture of health-care--nursing homes, primary-care and tertiary hospitals, and research facilities. In a presentation for NeoCon this June, he identifies some medical advances that will dramatically affect the delivery of patient care, and suggests design strategies for the hospital of the coming century. PMID:10167680

Blatterman, J

1997-05-01

287

Educational Systems for Promoting the Independent and Sustainable Work for the Engineering Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Educational systems promoting the independent and sustainable work for the engineering design were constructed. These systems consisted of a point system of the practice technology, rules of the selection for two courses of Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, an educational system for fostering abilities of the engineering design and evaluations by outsiders of the work produced through the engineering design. As a result of synergistic effects by these systems, it was confirmed that the practice ability and the continual improvement ability for the engineering design were improved.

Inaba, Seiki; Tokoro, Tetsuro; Habuchi, Hitoe; Yamada, Hirobumi

288

Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present several concept designs of hard X-ray/soft ?-ray focusing telescopes for future astrophysics missions. The designs are based on depth graded multilayer coatings. These have been successfully employed on the NuSTAR mission for energies up to 80 keV. Recent advances in demonstrating theoretical reflectivities for candidate multilayer material combinations up to 400 keV including effects of incoherent scatter has given an experimental base for extending this type of designs to the soft ?-ray range. At the same time, the calibration of the in-flight performance of the NuSTAR mission has given a solid understanding and modelling of the relevant effects influencing the performance, including optical constants, roughness, scatter, non-uniformities and figure error. This allows for a realistic extension for designs going to much higher energies. Similarly, both thin slumped glass and silicon pore optics has been developed to a prototype stage which promises imaging resolution in the sub 10 arcsecond range. We present designs based on a 20 m and 50 m focal lengths with energy ranges up to 200 keV and 600 keV.

Della Monica Ferreira, Desiree; Christensen, Finn E.; Pivovaroff, Michael J.; Brejnholt, Nicolai; Fernandez-Perea, Monica; Westergaard, Niels Jørgen S.; Jakobsen, Anders C.; Descalle, Marie-Anne; Soufli, Regina; Vogel, Julia K.

2013-09-01

289

Psychological Task Analysis, Design and Training in Computerized Technologies: Working Papers of Dresden-Otaniemi Workshop.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Good work contents and skills: a basis for productivity and controlled change; Human-centered CAM requires reorganization: a psychological case study on system design, and some general conclusions; Job characteristics and mental strain among off...

V. Teikari W. Hacker M. Vartiainen

1989-01-01

290

SimCompany: An Educational Game Created through a Human-Work Interaction Design Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel children’s educational game, which was created through a human-work interaction design – an emerging research\\u000a field which advocates a better understanding of the relationship between work-domain based empirical studies and iterative\\u000a design of prototypes and new technologies. We describe how “SimCompany”, a game for teaching children about business management\\u000a concepts, was created. SimCompany proved effective as

Pedro Campos; Ana Campos

2009-01-01

291

Tailoring a future overheating risk tool for existing building design practice in domestic and non-domestic sectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Low Carbon Futures Project, as part of the Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) programme, has developed an overheating tool, based on probabilistic UK Climate Projections (UKCP09), to provide design advice for building adaptations in future. For dwellings this tool, initiated by a single simulation, relies on just hourly climate information to predict the internal temperature profile and

M Gul; DP Jenkins; S Patidar; PFG Banfill; G Menzies; G Gibson

2012-01-01

292

Nuclear Energy Research Initiative. Risk Informed Assessment of Regulatory and Design Requirements for Future Nuclear Power Plants. Annual Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-informed approach for the

Ritterbusch

2000-01-01

293

A scoping review of malaria forecasting: past work and future directions  

PubMed Central

Objectives There is a growing body of literature on malaria forecasting methods and the objective of our review is to identify and assess methods, including predictors, used to forecast malaria. Design Scoping review. Two independent reviewers searched information sources, assessed studies for inclusion and extracted data from each study. Information sources Search strategies were developed and the following databases were searched: CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Global Health, MEDLINE, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses and Web of Science. Key journals and websites were also manually searched. Eligibility criteria for included studies We included studies that forecasted incidence, prevalence or epidemics of malaria over time. A description of the forecasting model and an assessment of the forecast accuracy of the model were requirements for inclusion. Studies were restricted to human populations and to autochthonous transmission settings. Results We identified 29 different studies that met our inclusion criteria for this review. The forecasting approaches included statistical modelling, mathematical modelling and machine learning methods. Climate-related predictors were used consistently in forecasting models, with the most common predictors being rainfall, relative humidity, temperature and the normalised difference vegetation index. Model evaluation was typically based on a reserved portion of data and accuracy was measured in a variety of ways including mean-squared error and correlation coefficients. We could not compare the forecast accuracy of models from the different studies as the evaluation measures differed across the studies. Conclusions Applying different forecasting methods to the same data, exploring the predictive ability of non-environmental variables, including transmission reducing interventions and using common forecast accuracy measures will allow malaria researchers to compare and improve models and methods, which should improve the quality of malaria forecasting.

Zinszer, Kate; Verma, Aman D; Charland, Katia; Brewer, Timothy F; Brownstein, John S; Sun, Zhuoyu; Buckeridge, David L

2012-01-01

294

Work Outcomes and Job Design for Contract Versus Permanent Information Systems Professionals on Software Development Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations have significantly increased their use of contracting in information systems (IS), hiring contractors to work with permanent professionals. Based on theories of social exchange and social comparison, we hypothesize differences in work attitudes, behaviors, and performance across the two groups, and evaluate our hypotheses with a sequential mixed-methods design. Our first study surveys contract and permanent professionals on software

Soon Ang; Sandra Slaughter

2001-01-01

295

The Effects of Training Design, Individual Characteristics and Work Environment on Transfer of Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to gain insight into some of the factors that determine the transfer of training to the work context. The present research examined the relationship between three types of predictors on transfer of training, including training design, individual characteristics and work environment. Data was collected at two points in time from 182…

Velada, Raquel; Caetano, Antonio; Michel, John W.; Lyons, Brian D.; Kavanagh, Michael J.

2007-01-01

296

The Effects of Training Design, Individual Characteristics and Work Environment on Transfer of Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to gain insight into some of the factors that determine the transfer of training to the work context. The present research examined the relationship between three types of predictors on transfer of training, including training design, individual characteristics and work environment. Data was collected at two points in time from…

Velada, Raquel; Caetano, Antonio; Michel, John W.; Lyons, Brian D.; Kavanagh, Michael J.

2007-01-01

297

Effect of work station design on sitting posture in young children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to compare muscular activity levels and sitting posture displayed by 10 children (mean age =4·7 years) when performing tracing tasks while seated at a traditional work station (level desk top, 5 backward sloping seat) and at an ergonomically designed work station (15 sloping desk top, 15 forward sloping seat). EMG profiles of latissimus dorsi

M. MARSCHALL; A. C. HARRINGTON; J. R. STEELE

1995-01-01

298

Protocol-aware, enhanced cognition robot agent design for team work effort in lunar exploration missions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents the design and prototyping of a protocol-aware and cognitively enhanced Robot agent. A set of protocols have been defined which support autonomous robot team mission activity. These include a Team Work Effort protocol and ancillary protocols which support situation awareness and assist the robot team in flexibly executing the mission. The Robot agents are engaged in a

Margaret Lyell; William Drozd

2010-01-01

299

Evaluating Social Work Education: A Review of Outcomes, Measures, Research Designs and Practicalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review considers how the outcomes of social work education can be identified with reference to Kirkpatrick's framework of levels of outcomes and Kraiger et al.’s general model of learning outcomes. It presents examples of different approaches to the measurement of outcomes and to the use of research designs in social work education and interprofessional education involving social workers and

John Carpenter

2011-01-01

300

Design concepts of computer-aided integrated manufacturing systems: Work-psychological concepts and empirical findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research project “GRIPS” is investigating the design of computer-aided integrated manufacturing systems from a work psychological perspective. The goal is to develop and empirically support adequate design concepts. The project consists of three phases. Evidence from a broad questionnaire survey indicates that most CIM implementations fail to meet the expectations associated therewith. Based on the assumption that only the

C. Kirsch; O. Strohm; E. Ulich

1996-01-01

301

ITER conceptual designWork performed under the auspices of the IAEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Conceptual Design Activities of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) were carried out jointly by the European Community, Japan, the Soviet Union and the United States of America, under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The European Community provided the site for joint work sessions at the Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik in Garching, Germany. The Conceptual Design Activities

K. Tomabechi; J. R. Gilleland; Yu. A. Sokolov; R. Toschi

1991-01-01

302

Work in progress - A joint design project between students at CU Boulder and IIT Delhi  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's world students must learn to work in international design teams. Time, distance, cultural, and background differences need to be accommodated in order to successfully execute a design project with an international team. As a way of giving our students some experience in overcoming these barriers, a joint team of students at the University of Colorado at Boulder and

Frank Barnes; Megha Gupta; Gregory Martin; Richard Moutoux

2007-01-01

303

The Worked-Example Effect Using Ill-Defined Problems: Learning to Recognise Designers' Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research uses cognitive load theory and theories of visual literacy to provide a theoretical underpinning for techniques to improve students' ability to recognise designers' styles in higher education. Using a lecture followed by tutorial format, students were required to learn the characteristics needed to identify a designer's work either…

Rourke, Arianne; Sweller, John

2009-01-01

304

Strategies for a Creative Future with Computer Science, Quality Design and Communicability  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the current work is presented the importance of the two-way triad between computer science, design and communicability.\\u000a It is demonstrated how the principles of quality of software engineering are not universal since they are disappearing inside\\u000a university training. Besides, a short analysis of the term “creativity” males apparent the existence of plagiarism as a human\\u000a factor that damages the

Francisco V. Cipolla Ficarra; Maria Villarreal

2010-01-01

305

FY 95 engineering work plan for the design reconstitution implementation action plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design reconstitution work is to be performed as part of an overall effort to upgrade Configuration Management (CM) at TWRS. WHC policy is to implement a program that is compliant with DOE-STD-1073-93, Guide for Operational Configuration Management Program. DOE-STD-1073 requires an adjunct program for reconstituting design information. WHC-SD-WM-CM-009, Design Reconstitution Program Plan for Waste Tank Farms and 242-A Evaporator of

Bigbee

1994-01-01

306

DESIGN FEATURES OF BREST REACTORS AND EXPERIMENTAL WORK TO ADVANCE THE CONCEPT OF BREST REACTORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Principle design features of BREST-300 (300 MWe) and BREST-1200 (1200 MWe) lead?cooled fast reactors are presented in this paper. Several experimental works have been performed or under way in order to justify lead-cooled reactor design concepts. BREST reactor designs of different outputs have been developed using the same principles. In conjunction with the increased output and the implement of inherent

A. I. FILIN; V. V. ORLOV; V. N. LEONOV; A. G. SILA-NOVITSKI; V. S. SMIRNOV; V. S. TSIKUNOV

307

Report on the NGS3 Working Group on Safeguards by Design For Aqueous Reprocessing Plants  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Working Group on SBD for Aqueous Reprocessing Facilities was to provide recommendations, for facility operators and designers, which would aid in the coordination and integration of nuclear material accountancy and the safeguards requirements of all concerned parties - operators, state/regional authorities, and the IAEA. The recommendations, which are to be provided to the IAEA, are intended to assist in optimizing facility design and operating parameters to ensure the safeguardability of the facility while minimizing impact on the operations. The one day Working Group session addressed a wide range of design and operating topics.

Johnson, Shirley J.; Ehinger, Michael; Schanfein, Mark

2011-02-01

308

Ergonomics principles to design clothing work for electrical workers in Colombia.  

PubMed

The recent development of the Colombian legislation, have been identified the need to develop protective clothing to work according to specifications from the work done and in compliance with international standards. These involve the development and design of new strategies and measures for work clothing design. In this study we analyzes the activities of the workers in the electrical sector, the method analyzes the risks activity data in various activities, that activities include power generation plants, local facilities, industrial facilities and maintenance of urban and rural networks. The analyses method is focused on ergonomic approach, risk analysis is done, we evaluate the role of security expert and we use a design algorithm developed for this purpose. The result of this study is the identification of constraints and variables that contribute to the development of a model of analysis that leads to the development the work protective clothes. PMID:22316792

Castillo, Juan; Cubillos, A

2012-01-01

309

Orbit design for future SpaceChip swarm missions in a planetary atmosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of solar radiation pressure and atmospheric drag on the orbital dynamics of satellites-on-a-chip (SpaceChips) is exploited to design equatorial long-lived orbits about the oblate Earth. The orbit energy gain due to asymmetric solar radiation pressure, considering the Earth's shadow, is used to balance the energy loss due to atmospheric drag. Future missions for a swarm of SpaceChips are proposed, where a number of small devices are released from a conventional spacecraft to perform spatially distributed measurements of the conditions in the ionosphere and exosphere. It is shown that the orbit lifetime can be extended and indeed selected through solar radiation pressure and the end-of-life re-entry of the swarm can be ensured, by exploiting atmospheric drag.

Colombo, Camilla; McInnes, Colin

2012-06-01

310

Alloy Design Strategies and Future Trends in High-Entropy Alloys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are newly emerging advanced materials. In contrast to conventional alloys, HEAs contain multiple principal elements, often five or more in equimolar or near-equimolar ratios. The basic principle behind HEAs is that solid-solution phases are relatively stabilized by their significantly high entropy of mixing compared to intermetallic compounds, especially at high temperatures. This makes them feasibly synthesized, processed, analyzed, and manipulated, and as well provides many opportunities for us. There are huge numbers of possible compositions and combinations of properties in the HEA field. Wise alloy design strategies for suitable compositions and processes to fit the requirements for either academic studies or industrial applications thus become especially important. In this article, four core effects were emphasized, several misconceptions on HEAs were clarified, and several routes for future HEA research and development were suggested.

Yeh, Jien-Wei

2013-10-01

311

Designing serious video games for health behavior change: current status and future directions.  

PubMed

Serious video games for health are designed to entertain while changing a specific health behavior. This article identifies behavioral principles that can guide the development of serious video games focused on changing a variety of health behaviors, including those attempting to decrease risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Guidelines discussed include how to develop video games that provide a solid foundation for behavior change by enhancing a player's knowledge and skill, ways in which personal mastery experiences can be incorporated into a video game environment, using game characters and avatars to promote observational learning, creating personalized experiences through tailoring, and the importance of achieving a balance between "fun-ness" and "seriousness." The article concludes with suggestions for future research needed to inform this rapidly growing field. PMID:22920806

Thompson, Debbe

2012-07-01

312

MICE -- Absorber and focus coil safety working group design document: Preliminary design and assessments  

SciTech Connect

A Neutrino Factory based on a muon storage ring is the ultimate tool for studies of neutrino oscillations, including possibly the discovery of leptonic CP violation. it is also the first step toward a muon collider. To develop a stored-muon-beam facility to serve as a Neutrino Factory, it is necessary to ''cool'' a muon beam (decrease its phase-space volume). The short lifetime of the muon, 2.2 {micro}s at rest, eliminates all currently demonstrated cooling techniques and requires that a new, heretofore untried, technique--ionization cooling--be employed. Although ionization cooling of muons has never been demonstrated in practice, it has been shown by end-to-end simulation and design studies to be an important factor both for the performance and for the cost of a Neutrino Factory. This motivates an international program of R and D, including an experimental demonstration at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL). The aims of the international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment are: (1) to show that it is possible to design, engineer and build a section of cooling channel capable of giving the desired performance for a Neutrino Factory; and (2) to place it in a muon beam and measure its performance in various modes of operation and beam conditions, thereby investigating the limits and practicality of cooling. The MICE collaboration has designed an experiment in which a section of an ionization cooling channel is exposed to a muon beam. This cooling channel assembles liquid-hydrogen absorbers providing energy loss and high-gradient radio frequency (RF) cavities to re-accelerate the particles, all tightly contained in a magnetic channel. It reduces the beam transverse emittance by > 10% for muon momenta between 140 and 240 MeV/c. The layout of the experiment is shown. They utilize one complete magnetic cell of the cooling channel, comprising three absorber-focus-coil (AFC) modules and two RF-coupling-coil (RFCC) modules. Spectrometers placed before and after the cooling section shown, perform the measurements of beam transmission and emittance reduction with an absolute precision of {+-} 0.1%. The detector solenoids each have separate coils (matching coils) to tailor the optics smoothly between the cooling channel and detector modules.

Barr, Giles; Baynham, Elwyn; Black, Edgar; Bradshaw, Tom; Cummings, Mary Anne; Green, Michael A.; Ishimoto, Shigeru; Ivanyushenkov, Yury; Lau, Wing; Zisman, Michael

2003-12-04

313

Work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Authored and curated by David P. Stern, these web pages introduce the concept of work and its relation to energy. An example of electric work and energy using the example of a Van de Graaff Generator. These pages are part of "From Stargazers to Starships", an extensive web site that introduces topics in physics and astronomy using space exploration and space science. Translations are available in French and Spanish.

Stern, David P. (David Peter), 1931-

2009-04-29

314

New facility design and work method for the quantitative fit testing laboratory. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine (USAFSAM) tests the quantitative fit of masks which are worn by military personnel during nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare. Subjects are placed in a Dynatech-Frontier Fit Testing Chamber, salt air is fed into the chamber, and samples of air are drawn from the mask and the chamber. The ratio of salt air outside the mask to salt air inside the mask is called the quantitative fit factor. A motion-time study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of the layout and work method presently used in the laboratory. A link analysis was done to determine equipment priorities, and the link data and design guidelines were used to develop three proposed laboratory designs. The proposals were evaluated by projecting the time and motion efficiency, and the energy expended working in each design. Also evaluated were the lengths of the equipment links for each proposal, and each proposal's adherence to design guidelines. A mock-up was built of the best design proposal, and a second motion-time study was run. Results showed that with the new laboratory and work procedures, the USAFSAM analyst could test 116 more subjects per year than are currently tested. Finally, the results of a questionnaire given to the analyst indicated that user acceptance of the work area improved with the new design.

Ward, G.F.

1989-05-01

315

Ground motion optimized orbit feedback design for the future linear collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future linear collider has strong stability requirements on the position of the beam along the accelerator and at the interaction point (IP). The beam position will be sensitive to dynamic imperfections in particular ground motion. A number of mitigation techniques have been proposed to be deployed in parallel: active and passive quadrupole stabilization and positioning as well as orbit and IP feedback. This paper presents a novel design of the orbit controller in the main linac and beam delivery system. One global feedback controller is proposed based on an SVD-controller (Singular Value Decomposition) that decouples the large multi-input multi-output system into many independent single-input single-output systems. A semi-automatic procedure is proposed for the controller design of the independent systems by exploiting numerical models of ground motion and measurement noise to minimize a target parameter, e.g. luminosity loss. The novel design for the orbit controller is studied for the case of the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) in integrated simulations, which include all proposed mitigation methods. The impact of the ground motion on the luminosity performance is examined in detail. It is shown that with the proposed orbit controller the tight luminosity budget for ground motion effects is fulfilled and accordingly, an essential feasibility issue of CLIC has been addressed. The orbit controller design is robust and allows for a relaxed BPM resolution, while still maintaining a strong ground motion suppression performance compared to traditional methods. We believe that the described method could easily be applied to other accelerators and light sources.

Pfingstner, J.; Snuverink, J.; Schulte, D.

2013-03-01

316

Conceptual design statement of work for the immobilized low-activity waste disposal facility, project W-520  

SciTech Connect

This Statement of Work outlines the deliverables and schedule for preparation of the Project W-520 Conceptual Design Report, including, work plans, site development plan, preliminary safety evaluation, and conceptual design.

Pickett, W.W.

1998-04-30

317

Work domain analysis for enhancing collaborations: a study of the management of microsystems design.  

PubMed

Collaboration is an important process that enables organisations to achieve goals or solve problems and, in design processes, is an important factor for accomplishing interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary tasks. An understanding of the functional configuration of organisations could therefore offer a useful insight into collaborations of designers. This study makes use of work domain analysis (WDA) to analyse the management of design by organisations within the microsystems technology (MST) domain. The WDA considers the functional configuration of MST companies in terms of management constraints and boundaries. This study also makes use of the WDA to suggest ways of establishing collaborative design and enhancing collaboration between organisations. Practitioner Summary: The results of this methodical analysis offer useful insights for managing design functions. This study also presents recommendations for enhancing collaboration in organisations. The ability to manage and collaborate in design functions is valuable for improving the productivity, cost-effectiveness and time-to-market systems. PMID:22506645

Durugbo, Christopher

2012-04-16

318

Ergonomic design intervention strategy for work tools development for women agro based workers in Northeast India.  

PubMed

Strategy for finding the appropriate strategy for work tool development has become a crucial issue in occupational wellness of varied nature of women workforce of Northeast India. This paper deals with ergonomics intervention through sustainable work tool design development process. Workers who frequently shift to different activities quite often in unorganised small-scale fruit processing units where productivity is directly related to the harvesting season require different work tools relevant to specific tasks and mostly workers themselves manage work tools of their own with available local resources. Whereas in contrast the tea-leaf pluckers are engaged in a single task throughout the year, and the work schedule and work equipment is decided and supplied to them based on the corporate decision where the workers do not have any individual control. Observations confirm the need for organising participatory workshops specific to trade based occupational well-being and different work tools for different tasks in mostly private owned unorganised sector. Implementation of single variety work tool development that supports a crucial component in tea-leaf plucking for which they are engaged in full time employment; and through a corporate decision a single design with its number of users makes a good effect. PMID:22316902

Chakrabarti, Debkumar; Bhattachheriya, Nandita

2012-01-01

319

Conceptual design statement of work for the immobilized low-activity waste interim storage facility project  

SciTech Connect

The Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Interim Storage subproject will provide storage capacity for immobilized low-activity waste product sold to the U.S. Department of Energy by the privatization contractor. This statement of work describes the work scope (encompassing definition of new installations and retrofit modifications to four existing grout vaults), to be performed by the Architect-Engineer, in preparation of a conceptual design for the Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Interim Storage Facility.

Carlson, T.A., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-06

320

Applying observations of work activity in designing prototype data analysis tools  

SciTech Connect

Designers, implementers, and marketers of data analysis tools typically have different perspectives than users. Consequently, data analysis often find themselves using tools focused on graphics and programming concepts rather than concepts which reflect their own domain and the context of their work. Some user studies focus on usability tests late in development; others observe work activity, but fail to show how to apply that knowledge in design. This paper describes a methodology for applying observations of data analysis work activity in prototype tool design. The approach can be used both in designing improved data analysis tools, and customizing visualization environments to specific applications. We present an example of user-centered design for a prototype tool to cull large data sets. We revisit the typical graphical approach of animating a large data set from the point of view of an analysis who is culling data. Field evaluations using the prototype tool not only revealed valuable usability information, but initiated in-depth discussions about user`s work, tools, technology, and requirements.

Springmeyer, R.R.

1993-07-06

321

Engineering work plan for design requirements document, Project W-058/028  

SciTech Connect

This work plan outlines the tasks necessary for developing the Design Requirements Document (DRD) for project W-058/028, Replacement of Cross-Site Transfer System. The DRD is a specification which bounds, at a high level, the requirements of a discrete system element of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program. This document defines the scope and schedule for the development and production of the Design Requirements, Document for Project W-058.

Mendoza, D.P.

1994-01-05

322

An Integration of Contemporary Theories of Work Motivation: A Proposed Model and Partial Test with Implications for Job Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objective of this research was a comprehensive model of work motivation, performance, and satisfaction based on contemporary theories of work motivation and models of job design. General motivation theories and specific theories of work motiva...

P. F. Daspit

1978-01-01

323

Action-oriented use of ergonomic checkpoints for healthy work design in different settings.  

PubMed

Recent experiences in the action-oriented use of ergonomic checkpoints in different work settings are reviewed. The purpose is to know what features are useful for healthy work design adjusted to each local situation. Based on the review results, common features of ergonomic checkpoints used in participatory training programs for improving workplace conditions in small enterprises, construction sites, home work and agriculture in industrially developing countries in Asia are discussed. These checkpoints generally compile practical improvement options in a broad range of technical areas, such as materials handling, workstation design, physical environment and work organization. Usually, "action checklists" comprising the tiles of the checkpoints are used together. A clear focus is placed on readily applicable low-cost options. Three common features of these various checkpoints appear to be important. First, the checkpoints represent typical good practices in multiple areas. Second, each how-to section of these checkpoints presents simple improvements reflecting basic ergonomic principles. Examples of these principles include easy reach, fewer and faster transport, elbow-level work, coded displays, isolated or screened hazards and shared teamwork. Third, the illustrated checkpoints accompanied by corresponding checklists are used as group work tools in short-term training courses. Many practical improvements achieved are displayed in websites for inter-country work improvement networks. It is suggested to promote the use of locally adjusted checkpoints in various forms of participatory action-oriented training in small-scale workplaces and in agriculture particularly in industrially developing countries. PMID:18572793

Kogi, Kazutaka

2007-12-01

324

Designing a Hydro-Economic Collaborative Computer Decision Support System: Approaches, Best Practices, Lessons Learned, and Future Trends  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Designing and implementing a hydro-economic computer model to support or facilitate collaborative decision making among multiple stakeholders or users can be challenging and daunting. Collaborative modeling is distinguished and more difficult than non-collaborative efforts because of a large number of users with different backgrounds, disagreement or conflict among stakeholders regarding problem definitions, modeling roles, and analysis methods, plus evolving ideas of model scope and scale and needs for information and analysis as stakeholders interact, use the model, and learn about the underlying water system. This presentation reviews the lifecycle for collaborative model making and identifies some key design decisions that stakeholders and model developers must make to develop robust and trusted, verifiable and transparent, integrated and flexible, and ultimately useful models. It advances some best practices to implement and program these decisions. Among these best practices are 1) modular development of data- aware input, storage, manipulation, results recording and presentation components plus ways to couple and link to other models and tools, 2) explicitly structure both input data and the meta data that describes data sources, who acquired it, gaps, and modifications or translations made to put the data in a form usable by the model, 3) provide in-line documentation on model inputs, assumptions, calculations, and results plus ways for stakeholders to document their own model use and share results with others, and 4) flexibly program with graphical object-oriented properties and elements that allow users or the model maintainers to easily see and modify the spatial, temporal, or analysis scope as the collaborative process moves forward. We draw on examples of these best practices from the existing literature, the author's prior work, and some new applications just underway. The presentation concludes by identifying some future directions for collaborative modeling including geo-spatial display and analysis, real-time operations, and internet-based tools plus the design and programming needed to implement these capabilities.

Rosenberg, D. E.

2008-12-01

325

Experiments at the W.M. Keck Observatory to support the Thirty Meter Telescope design work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to validate various assumptions about the operating environment of the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT), to validate the modeling packages being used to guide the design work for the TMT and to directly investigate the expected operation of several subsystems we have embarked on an extensive campaign of environmental measurements at the Keck telescopes. We have measured and characterized

Warren Skidmore; Tony Travouillon; Reed Riddle; Kyle Kinoshita; Richard Johnston; Phil Murg; Hugh Thompson; Richard Matsuda; Mark Colavita; Grant Tolleth; Robert Goodrich; Elizabeth Chock; Hilton Lewis; Sergey Panteleev

2010-01-01

326

Design of integrated electro-hydraulic power unit for hybrid mobile working machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

A high power density integrated non-overlapping concentrated tooth winding synchronous machine with embedded permanent magnets for a hydraulic motor-pump is designed. Direct liquid cooling with the working fluid itself is implemented. Aspects of immersing the motor into hydraulic oil for cooling purposes are discussed. FEM modelling of PM eddy-current losses and static temperature evaluation are performed.

Pavel Ponomarev; Maria Polikarpova; Olli Heinikainen; Juha Pyrhonen

2011-01-01

327

Advanced binary geothermal power plants working fluid property determination and heat exchanger design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance of binary geothermal power plants can be improved through the proper choice of a working fluid, and optimization of component designs and operating conditions. This paper reviews the investigations at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) which are examining binary cycle performance improvements for moderate temperature (350 to 400 F) resources with emphasis on how the improvements may

C. J. Bliem; G. L. Mines

1989-01-01

328

Ergonomics action research II: a framework for integrating HF into work system design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a conceptual framework that can support efforts to integrate human factors (HF) into the work system design process, where improved and cost-effective application of HF is possible. The framework advocates strategies of broad stakeholder participation, linking of performance and health goals, and process focussed change tools that can help practitioners engage in improvements to embed HF into

W. P. Neumann; J. Village

2012-01-01

329

Social work, general practice and evidence-based policy in the collaborative care of older people: current problems and future possibilities.  

PubMed

While collaborative (or joint) working between social services and primary healthcare continues to rise up the policy agenda, current policy is not based on sound evidence of benefit to either patients or the wider community. Both sets of practitioners report benefits for their own work from adopting new arrangements for collaboration. The underlying assumption behind much of this activity is that a greater degree of integration provides benefits to both users and their carers, a perspective that at times obscures the issue of resource availability, especially in the form of practical community services such as district nursing and home help. At the present time there is insufficient evidence to demonstrate that formal arrangements for collaborative working (CW) are better than those forged informally between committed individuals or teams. Furthermore, arrangements for CW have not hitherto been widely evaluated in systematic studies with a comparative design and focus on outcomes for users and carers rather than on processes. In this paper we propose a number of process measures for future evaluation of CW: (1) study populations must be comparable; (2) details of how services are actually delivered must be obtained and colocation should not be assumed to mean collaboration; (3) care packages in areas of comparable resources should be examined; (4) both destinational outcomes and user-defined evaluations of benefit should be considered; (5) possible disadvantages of integrated care also need to be actively considered; (6) evaluations should include an economic analysis. Those implementing new policies in Primary Care Trusts have, at present, little sound evidence to guide them in their innovative work. However, they should take the opportunity to rigorously test the advantages and disadvantages of collaboration. PMID:19777722

Kharicha, Kalpa; Levin, Enid; Iliffe, Steve; Davey, Barbara

2004-03-01

330

Futures Conditional.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The readings presented here are designed to help the reader perceive the future more vividly. Part one of the book suggests the various ways in which the future can be seen; it includes science fiction and the views of various analysts as to what the future holds. Part two collects printed materials about the future from various sources,…

Theobald, Robert

331

Making media work in space: an interdisciplinary perspective on media and communication requirements for current and future space communities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As humans expand into space communities will form. These have already begun to form in small ways, such as long-duration missions on the International Space Station and the space shuttle, and small-scale tourist excursions into space. Social, behavioural and communications data emerging from such existing communities in space suggest that the physically-bounded, work-oriented and traditionally male-dominated nature of these extremely remote groups present specific problems for the resident astronauts, groups of them viewed as ‘communities’, and their associated groups who remain on Earth, including mission controllers, management and astronauts’ families. Notionally feminine group attributes such as adaptive competence, social adaptation skills and social sensitivity will be crucial to the viability of space communities and in the absence of gender equity, ‘staying in touch’ by means of ‘news from home’ becomes more important than ever. A template of news and media forms and technologies is suggested to service those needs and enhance the social viability of future terraforming activities.

Babidge, S.; Cokley, J.; Gordon, F.; Louw, E.

2005-10-01

332

Factors Affecting the Designation of Cerebrovascular Diseases as Work-Related in Administrative Litigation  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to identify factors that could be used as standardized criteria for evaluating occupational diseases in initial assessments or requests for examination. Using 100 administrative litigation cases on the work-relatedness of cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs) by the Seoul Branch of the Korea Labor Welfare Corporation (KLWC) from 1997 to 2002, we estimated the relationship between the investigated variables and designation of the work-relatedness of the CVD. As for the age, the odds ratio of the acceptance rate of a case as work-related in subjects over 60 yr of age was 0.08 (95% CI, 0.01-0.75), which was compared to subjects under 30 yr of age. Regarding working hours, the odds ratio of the acceptance rate of a case as work-related in CVDs in those over 56 hr was 9.50 (95% CI, 1.92-47.10) when compared to those less than 56 hr. As for the benefit type, the odds ratio of the acceptance rate of a case as work-related in medical benefits was 5.74 (95% CI, 1.29-25.54), compared to survivor benefits. As for the criteria for defining situations as work overload, the odds ratio of the acceptance rate of a case as work-related in injured workers was 12.06 (95% CI, 3.12-46.62), compared to that in non-injured workers. Our findings show that the criteria for defining situations of work overload played an important role in assessing the work-relatedness of CVDs in administrative litigation, and it is necessary to make the scientific evidence on judgement of work-relatedness on overwork.

Kim, Hyeongsu; Rim, Hwayoung; Chang, Sounghoon; Lee, Kunsei

2008-01-01

333

Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume III. Technical Papers on the Future of the Food Service Industry. Service Management Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third and final volume of a study on the future of the food service industry contains the technical papers on which the information in the previous two volumes was based. The papers were written by various members of the Pennsylvania State University departments of economics, food science, nutrition, social psychology, and engineering and by…

Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

334

Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume III. Technical Papers on the Future of the Food Service Industry. Service Management Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This third and final volume of a study on the future of the food service industry contains the technical papers on which the information in the previous two volumes was based. The papers were written by various members of the Pennsylvania State University departments of economics, food science, nutrition, social psychology, and engineering and by…

Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

335

Systemic Sclerosis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease: Lessons from Clinical Trials, Outcome Measures, and Future Study Design  

PubMed Central

Pulmonary involvement including interstitial lung disease (ILD) is the leading cause of mortality in patients with systemic sclerosis (scleroderma; SSc). This article reviews the current evidence based medicine regarding available therapies for SSc-ILD ; discusses the lessons learned from recent SSc-ILD randomized controlled trials (RCTs); and proposes outcome measures and recommendations for design of future RCTs for SSc-ILD.

Khanna, Dinesh; Seibold, James R.; Wells, Athol; Distler, Oliver; Allanore, Yannick; Denton, Chris; Furst, Daniel E.

2010-01-01

336

On the use of systems technologies and a systematic approach for the synthesis and the design of future biorefineries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systems technologies emerge with a powerful potential to support the deployment and design of future biorefineries. The chemical industry experiences a steady growth in the use of renewables induced by the gradual depletion of oil, uncertainties in energy supplies and a commanding requirement to reduce GHG emissions and save the planet. Renewables introduce an impressive range of options with biorefining

Antonis C. Kokossis; Aidong Yang

2010-01-01

337

300FF1 remedial design report\\/remedial action work plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 300 Area has been divided into three operable units 300-FF-1, 300-FF-2, and 300-FF-5 all of which are in various stages of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) process. The 300-FF-1 Operable Unit, the subject of this report, includes liquid waste disposal sites, landfills, and a burial ground. This Remedial Design Report\\/Remedial Action Work Plan

Gustafson

1997-01-01

338

The positive influence of cooperative work experience on the capstone design experience of engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate engineering students who participate in cooperative education (co-op) programs can benefit greatly from their industrial work experience. This paper identifies some of the benefits that two electrical and computer engineering students gained from their participation in the co-op program. Special skills that the students had gained from their co-op experience were evident from the quality of their capstone design

Cherian P. Mathews; Jason Mamaloukas; Scott Parrott

2003-01-01

339

Cognitive work analysis and the analysis, design, and evaluation of human-computer interactive systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a short conceptual and visual introduction to some of the basic principles of cognitive work analysis (CWA). CWA is an approach to the analysis, design, and evaluation of human-computer interactive systems-particularly of complex, high-technology sociotechnical systems. The paper also introduces the following five symposium papers, which provide detailed examples of CWA being used in research at the

Penelope Sanderson

1998-01-01

340

Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume II. Centralized Food Service Systems. Service Management Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Volume II of a three-volume study on the future of the food service industry considers the effects that centralized food production will have on the future of food production systems. Based on information from the Fair Acres Project and the Michigan State University Vegetable Processing Center, the authors describe the operations of a centralized…

Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

341

Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume II. Centralized Food Service Systems. Service Management Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume II of a three-volume study on the future of the food service industry considers the effects that centralized food production will have on the future of food production systems. Based on information from the Fair Acres Project and the Michigan State University Vegetable Processing Center, the authors describe the operations of a centralized…

Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

342

Design and analysis of compact work-recovery phase shifter for pulse tube refrigerator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes and describes a compact work-recovery phase shifter of a pulse tube refrigerator. Most pulse tube refrigerators recently developed utilize a long inertance tube and a reservoir for phase control between dynamic pressure and mass flow rate at the cold-end of pulse tube refrigerators. An inertance tube-type phase shifter (long inertance tube and reservoir), however, sometimes creates a problem of compact packaging in cryocooler applications and dissipates the work transferred from a compressor as heat. To overcome this disadvantage, an inertance tube-type phase shifter is replaced with a compact work-recovery phase shifter composed of a mass-spring-damper system and a linear generator in a pulse tube refrigerator. This process is achieved by using analogy of the inertance tube-type phase shifter and the mass-spring-damper system. This paper describes a specific configuration of the designed compact work-recovery phase shifter. Using the simulation code, the performance of the pulse tube refrigerator with the compact work-recovery phase shifter is estimated. As a result, the pulse tube refrigerator with the compact work-recovery phase shifter has the comparable cooling capacity with the pulse tube refrigerator with the inertance tube-type phase shifter. If the recovery work is properly utilized, it can also achieve higher efficiency than that of the pulse tube refrigerator with a typical inertance tube-type phase shifter. In this paper, the parametric study of the mass, the spring and damper coefficients of the compact work-recovery phase shifter has been done and their effects are specifically evaluated.

Ki, Taekyung; Jeong, Sangkwon

2012-02-01

343

Remedial design report\\/remedial action work plan for the 100NR1 Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Units  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this remedial design report\\/remedial action work plan is to describe the design and implementation of the remedial actions required by the Interim Remedial Action Record of Decision for the 100-NR-1 Operable Unit.

R. L. Donahoe

2000-01-01

344

A method to design job rotation schedules to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders in repetitive work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Job rotation is an organisational strategy widely used in human-based production lines with the aim of preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). These work environments are characterised by the presence of a high repetition of movements, which is a major risk factor associated with WMSDs. This article presents a genetic algorithm to obtain rotation schedules aimed at preventing WMSDs in such

S. Asensio-Cuesta; J. A. Diego-Mas; L. V. Cremades-Oliver; M. C. González-Cruz

2012-01-01

345

Working on Innovation and Future Trends in Aerospace Material Sciences: Modeling and Simulation of Structural Materials (on CD-ROM).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Final Proceedings for Workshop on Innovation and Future Trends in Aerospace Materials Sciences: Modeling and Simulation of Structural Materials, 17 November 1998 - 18 November 1998 is presented. The workshop will conduct exploratory discussion regardi...

1998-01-01

346

The design, performance and analysis of a high work capacity transonic turbine  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the design and testing of a high work capacity single-stage transonic turbine of aerodynamic duty tailored to the requirements of driving the high-pressure core of a low cost turbofan engine. Aerodynamic loading was high for this duty (..delta..H/U/sup 2/ = 2.1) and a major objective in the design was the control of the resulting transonic flow to achieve good turbine performance. Practical and coolable blading was a design requirement. At the design point (pressure ratio = 4.48), a turbine total to total efficiency of 87.0 percent was measured - this being based on measured shaft power and a tip clearance of 1.4 percent of blade height. In addition, the turbine was comprehensively instrumented to allow measurement of aerofoil surface static pressures on both stator and rotor - the latter being expedited via a rotating scanivalve system. Downstream area traverses were also conducted. Analysis of these measurements indicates that the turbine operates at overall reaction levels lower than design but the rotor blade performs efficiently.

Bryce, J.D.; Leversuch, N.P.; Litchfield, M.R.

1985-10-01

347

Remedial design work plan for the Lower East Fork Poplar Creek Operable Unit, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

The Remedial Design Work Plan (RDWP) for the Lower East Fork Poplar Creek (EFPC) Operable Unit (OU) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, has been prepared. The remedial investigation determined that the principal contaminant is mercury, which originated from releases during Y-12 Plant operations, primarily between 1953 and 1963. The recommended alternative, as stated in the Record of Decision (ROD) was to excavate and dispose of floodplain soils contaminated with mercury above the remedial goal option. Thereafter, a public hearing was held to review the proposed plan. Comments were incorporated. The revised selected remedy, per the ROD is to excavate and dispose of floodplain soils contaminated above the remediation goal of 400 parts per million mercury. The approved ROD with this goal will be the basis for remedial design (RD). The RD work plan (RDWP) is composed of six chapters. An introductory chapter describes the purpose and scope of the RDWP, the selected remedy as identified by the ROD; the roles and responsibilities of the RD team members, and the site background information, including site history, contaminants of concern, and site characteristics. Chapter 2 contains the design objectives, RD approach, regulatory considerations during RD, and the design criteria with assumptions. Chapter 3 presents the RD planning process to prepare this RDWP, as well as secondary RD support plans. Chapter 4 describes the scope of the RD activities in more detail and identifies what will be included in the design package. Chapter 5 presents the schedule for performance of the RD activities, identifying key RD milestones. Specific documents used in the preparation of this document are referenced in Chapter 6.

NONE

1996-02-01

348

Why Social Work, and What does the Future Hold?: The Narratives of Recently Graduated Hispanic and African-American Male BSW and MSW Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing a focus group interview, this exploratory study investigated the influences on the social work career choice of recently graduated (spring 2007) Hispanic and African-American male BSW and MSW students (N = 7). Also investigated were the views of these men regarding entering a female majority profession and their future in the profession. The informants identified three factors as influencing

Bryan Warde

2009-01-01

349

Why Social Work, and What Does the Future Hold?: The Narratives of Recently Graduated Hispanic and African-American Male BSW and MSW Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Employing a focus group interview, this exploratory study investigated the influences on the social work career choice of recently graduated (spring 2007) Hispanic and African-American male BSW and MSW students (N = 7). Also investigated were the views of these men regarding entering a female majority profession and their future in the…

Warde, Bryan

2009-01-01

350

Assessing policy and practice impacts of social science research: the application of the Payback Framework to assess the Future of Work programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

The UK Economic and Social Research Council funded exploratory evaluation studies to assess the wider impacts on society of various examples of its research. The Payback Framework is a conceptual approach previously used to evaluate impacts from health research. We tested its applicability to social sciences by using an adapted version to assess the impacts of the Future of Work

Lisa Klautzer; Stephen Hanney; Edward Nason; Jennifer Rubin; Jonathan Grant; Steven Wooding

2011-01-01

351

Work Design Issues in Lean Production from a Sociotechnical Systems Perspective: Neo-Taylorism or the Next Step in Sociotechnical Design?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The similarities and differences between twoparadigms, Lean Production (LP) and SociotechnicalSystems (STS) thinking, which currently compete for theattention of managers and scholars interested inimproving the design of work systems, are studied in thisarticle. In order to find the logic behind eachapproach, the design principles formulated by Chernshave been used to evaluate LP from an STS viewpoint with respect to work

Willem Niepce; Eric Molleman

1998-01-01

352

Design and investigation of working components of low-specific-speed electric pumps  

SciTech Connect

In developing the working elements of the electric pumps the following technical requirements have been taken into account: the cavitation properties and the efficiencies of the working elements of the pumps investigated must be significantly higher than those of the type KhG series produced pumps; the cantilever impeller with cylindrical vanes must be cast from stainless steels; spiral type branches must be made by casting in sand molds; the feed to the stage must be 10% greater than design because of the need to withdraw part of the liquid to cool the electric motor and to lubricate the bearings; the working elements for the same feed rate must be unified as much as possible in terms of the inlet and impeller seal diameters, in terms of the inlet and outlet branches. The working elements of the pumps were tested on water on a SKTBN experimental rig in accordance with the requirements of GOST 6134-71. The results of the tests carried out show that outlets with side spirals for low specific speed stages with account taken of their advantages relative to vibration and noise characteristics are more profitable in comparison with outlets having radial shapes of spirals.

Smutin, N.V.

1982-11-01

353

Using the CAE technologies of engineering analysis for designing steam turbines at ZAO Ural Turbine Works  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the experience ZAO Ural Turbine Works specialists gained from mastering the series of CAD/CAE/CAM/PDM technologies, which are modern software tools of computer-aided engineering. We also present the results obtained from mathematical simulation of the process through which high-and intermediate-pressure rotors are heated for revealing the most thermally stressed zones, as well as the results from mathematical simulation of a new design of turbine cylinder shells for improving the maneuverability of these turbines.

Goloshumova, V. N.; Kortenko, V. V.; Pokhoriler, V. L.; Kultyshev, A. Yu.; Ivanovskii, A. A.

2008-08-01

354

The design of a new spiking neuron using dual work function silicon nanowire transistors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new spike neuron cell is designed using vertically grown, undoped silicon nanowire transistors. This study presents an entire design cycle from designing and optimizing vertical nanowire transistors for minimal power dissipation to realizing a neuron cell and measuring its dynamic power consumption, performance and layout area. The design cycle starts with determining individual metal gate work functions for NMOS and PMOS transistors as a function of wire radius to produce a 300 mV threshold voltage. The wire radius and effective channel length are subsequently varied to find a common body geometry for both transistors that yields smaller than 1 pA OFF current while producing maximum drive currents. A spike neuron cell is subsequently built using these transistors to measure its transient performance, power dissipation and layout area. Post-layout simulation results indicate that the neuron consumes 0.397 µW to generate a +1 V and 1.12 µW to generate a -1 V output pulse for a fan-out of five synapses at 500 MHz the power dissipation increases by approximately 3 nW for each additional synapse at the output for generating either pulse. The neuron circuit occupies approximately 0.27 µm2.

Bindal, Ahmet; Hamedi-Hagh, Sotoudeh

2007-03-01

355

Leading-edge and future design challenges - is the classical EDA ready?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current design tools are lagging behind and, in some cases, slowing the growth of the VLSI market. Disruptive design methods are necessary to bridge the gap. Abstraction and re-use are believed to be the most promising approaches. However, difficult open questions still exist in this new flow. In particular, how a high-level design can be transformed into an implementation while

G. Spirakis

2003-01-01

356

Future scenarios for the relation between advanced tracking research and urban design and planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is of prime importance for urban designers and planners to become aware of the real ways in which people use physical urban environments so as to avoid obvious design errors and to aim for high quality urban environments for the people that inhabit and visit them. To inform the making of such urban designs and plans, it seems logical

Jeroen van Schaick

2010-01-01

357

Looking to the future, working on the present. Intention to donate blood and risk behavior: A study on adolescents  

PubMed Central

Background: The aim of this work was to investigate adolescents’ propensity to donate blood, the incidence in this population of risk behaviors that limit and restrict the potential for blood donation, thus reducing the number of possible subjects suitable for donation, and the link between propensity to donate and healthy lifestyles. Materials and Methods: Adolescents were asked to complete an anonymous self-report questionnaire during class time. The questionnaire included ad hoc items designed to investigate the intention to donate blood and behaviors traditionally considered to put adolescents’ “health at risk”. Participants were 201 students from northern Italy (range 12–19, M = 17.98, SD = 1.82; 38.9% male, 61.1% female). Results: About half of respondents perceived that they were able to donate blood and could overcome any obstacle that might prevent them from doing so. Some of the examined risk behaviors were widespread in the population under consideration. The linear regressions run show that there is no link between the propensity to give blood and a tendency to engage in healthy lifestyles. Conclusion: The study shows that adolescents demonstrate an interest in blood donation; however, it shows a real lack of “action” to make it happen: there is, indeed, a serious lack of attention to matters related to healthy lifestyles. In fact, adolescents are not aware of how to act to access the world of donation, with the risk that they present themselves at blood donation centers and are then found to be unfit to donate. The research offers many suggestions and implications.

Sara, Alfieri; Vincenzo, Saturni; Elena, Marta

2013-01-01

358

Contentious issues in research on trafficked women working in the sex industry: Study design, ethics, and methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trafficking of women and children for work in the globalized sex industry is a global social problem. Quality data is needed to provide a basis for legislation, policy, and programs, but first, numerous research design, ethical, and methodological problems must be addressed. Research design issues in studying women trafficked for sex work (WTSW) include how to (a) develop coalitions

Julie Cwikel; Elizabeth Hoban

2005-01-01

359

Designing China's urban future: The Greater Shanghai Plan, 1927–1937  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the world's greatest cities — New York, London, Paris and Tokyo — Shanghai ranks as a singular phenomenon. Its survival in the face of a startling expansion and rise to prominence, within a scant 140 years, was based on the melding of Chinese and foreign efforts to lay down its urban infrastructures and in ‘planning’ its future. Yet, since

Kerrie L. MacPherson

1990-01-01

360

Designing the future of collaborative workplace systems: lessons learned from a comparison with alternate reality games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alternate reality games (ARGs) represent a unique form of group collaboration. A careful comparison of ARGs to more traditional collaborative systems reveals areas for innovation in tools to support ad-hoc teaming. This comparison specifically focuses on processes of group formation, task management, information discovery and collective storytelling. Opportunities for innovation are highlighted, as are future research questions.

David Gurzick; Kevin F. White; Wayne G. Lutters; Brian M. Landry; Caroline Dombrowski; Jeffery Y. Kim

2011-01-01

361

How to improve the design of the electrical system in future wind power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIS paper presents three topics which are important for better performance of future wind farms. The topics are investigated in three coordinated Ph.D. projects ongoing at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Aalborg University (AAU) and DONG Energy. The objective of all projects is to improve the understanding of the main electrical components in wind farms, based on available information,

I. Arana; L. Kocewiak; J. Holbøll; C. L. Bak; A. H. Nielsen; A. Jensen; J. Hjerrild; T. Sørensen

362

The Future Compatible Campus. Planning, Designing, and Implementing Information Technology in the Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 16 monographs centers around the theme the "future compatible campus," which is based on the premise that higher education will become a "connected campus" in a technology-enabled environment consisting of three components: connected learning, connected service to the community; and connected management. In Part 1, titled "The…

Oblinger, Diana G., Ed.; Rush, Sean C., Ed.

363

Designing the future—A reflection of a transdisciplinary case study in Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a transdisciplinary case study which aimed to encourage a vital regional process for building more sustainable structures and regional networks in the future. The case study looks at the industrial city of Steyr which is located in a highly dynamic region in Upper Austria and has to compete with other regional industrial centres and on the global

Tanja Tötzer; Sabine Sedlacek; Markus Knoflacher

2011-01-01

364

Development of Advanced Technologies to Reduce Design, Fabrication and Construction Costs for Future Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 This report presents a summation of the third and final year of a three-year investigation into methods and technologies for substantially reducing the capital costs and total schedule for future nuclear plants. In addition, this is the final technical report for the three-year period of studies.

Camillo A. DiNunzio Framatome ANP DE& S; Dr. Abhinav Gupta Assistant Professor NCSU; Dr. Michael Golay Professor MIT Dr. Vincent Luk Sandia National Laboratories; Rich Turk Westinghouse Electric Company Nuclear Systems; Charles Morrow, Sandia National Laboratories; Geum-Taek Jin, Korea Power Engineering Company Inc.

2002-11-30

365

The Future of Low-Wage Jobs: Case Studies in the Retail Industry. IEE Working Paper No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future of low-wage jobs is examined through a case study of firm restructuring in the retail industry. The study confirms that the retailing sector has come to be dominated by the Wal-Mart model, which emphasizes an efficient technology-driven inventory management system and a human resource approach that includes the following elements:…

Bernhardt, Annette

366

Unpacking Neighborhood Influences on Education Outcomes: Setting the Stage for Future Research. NBER Working Paper No. 16055  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We motivate future neighborhood research through a simple model that considers youth educational outcomes as a function of neighborhood context, neighborhood exposure, individual vulnerability to neighborhood effects, and non-neighborhood educational inputs--with a focus on effect heterogeneity. Research using this approach would require three…

Harding, David J.; Gennetian, Lisa; Winship, Christopher; Sanbonmatsu, Lisa; Kling, Jeffrey R.

2010-01-01

367

The Future of Low-Wage Jobs: Case Studies in the Retail Industry. IEE Working Paper No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The future of low-wage jobs is examined through a case study of firm restructuring in the retail industry. The study confirms that the retailing sector has come to be dominated by the Wal-Mart model, which emphasizes an efficient technology-driven inventory management system and a human resource approach that includes the following elements:…

Bernhardt, Annette

368

DiCoT: a methodology for applying Distributed Cognition to the design of team working systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed Cognition is growing in popularity as a way of reasoning about group working and the design of artefacts within work systems. DiCoT (Distributed Cognition for Teamwork) is a methodology and representational system we are developing to support distributed cognition analysis of small team working. It draws on ideas from Contextual Design, but re-orients them towards the principles that are

Ann Blandford; Dominic Furniss

369

Development of design guidelines for seismically isolated nuclear reactors and research and development work performed by ENEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

ENEA began work on seismic isolation in Italy in 1988 in cooperation with ISMES. Until now, work has been limited to horizontal systems and focused on high-damping steel-laminated elastomer bearings. Work consists of both the assessment of proposed design guidelines for isolated nuclear reactors (developed in collaboration with General Electric Company) and research and development (R and D) experimental and

A. Martelli; M. Forni; M. Indirli; P. Masoni; B. Spadoni; G. Bonacina; G. Di Pasquale; T. Sano; E. L. Gluekler

1992-01-01

370

Designs that Fly: What the History of Aeronautics Tells Us about the Future of Design-Based Research in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For almost two decades, there has been growing interest in what design-based research (DBR) can contribute to both educational practice and theory. Since its introduction into the literature, this orientation to educational research has repeatedly been likened to aeronautical engineering as a way to clarify its nature and argue its potential.…

O'Neill, D. Kevin

2012-01-01

371

Can We Secure Future-Responsive Management Through Systems Thinking and Design?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future-responsive management raises far-reaching cognitive and methodological difficulties. This essay in honor of C.W. Churchman, former management scientist and research philosopher at the University of California, Berkeley, analyzes some of these difficulties in the light of Churchman's systems thinking about planning and management. Although systems thinking cannot make the difficulties in question disappear, it can help us to better understand

WERNER ULRICH

1994-01-01

372

Designing Smart Health Care Technology into the Home of the Future  

SciTech Connect

This editorial paper presents a vision for intelligent health care in the home of the future, focusing on technologies with the highest potential payoff given targeted government funding over the next ten years. A secure, plug-and-play information framework provides the starting point for identifying technologies that must be developed before home-based devices can know their context and assimilate information to support care decisions.

Craft, R.L.; Warren, S.

1999-04-20

373

Design study of an optical cavity for a future photon collider at ILC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hard photons well above 100GeV have to be generated in a future photon collider which essentially will be based on the infrastructure of the planned International Linear Collider (ILC). The energy of near-infrared laser photons will be boosted by Compton backscattering against a high-energy relativistic electron beam. For high effectiveness, a very powerful laser system is required that exceeds today's

G. Klemz; K. Mönig; I. Will

2006-01-01

374

CFCC working group meeting: Proceedings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a compilation of the vugraphs presented at this meeting. Presentations covered are: CFCC Working Group; Overview of study on applications for advanced ceramics in industries for the future; Design codes and data bases: The CFCC program and ...

1997-01-01

375

Is There a Wiki in Your Future?: Applications for Education, Instructional Design, and General Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A wiki is a collaborative and highly interactive communication technology that enjoys worldwide fame in multi-user editing. It is based on specific design principles. Wiki has implications for both educational and instructional design as well as for general usage. As long as wiki is relatively cost-free, and users find value in its contents, it…

Toker, Sacip; Moseley, James L.; Chow, Ann T.

2008-01-01

376

INTEGRATED SUPPLY CHAIN DESIGN MODELS: A SURVEY AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimization models, especially nonlinear optimization models, have been widely used to solve integrated supply chain design problems. In integrated supply chain design, the decision maker needs to take into consider- ation inventory costs and distribution costs when the number and locations of the facilities are determined. The objective is to minimize the total cost that includes location costs and inventory

ZUO-JUN MAX SHEN

2007-01-01

377

Secured by design - learning from the past to secure the future!  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Secured by Design (SBD) scheme is a United Kingdom police crime prevention initiative in which the police inspect building designs and recommend actions to 'prevent crime'. If those recommended actions are implemented, the scheme is awarded the police SBD logo that suggests the buildings are approved by the police as being secure. The scheme has been in operation for

T. Pascoe

2001-01-01

378

Making the Past Relevant to Future Generations. The Work of the Anne Frank House in Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides the context and outlines the barriers and opportunities for developing promising Holocaust education programmes in Latin America, especially working with diverse communities and societies. In particular, the conflictual history of Latin American and recent democratization processes present opportunities for educational work. It…

Chyrikins, Mariela; Vieyra, Magdalena

2010-01-01

379

The radio spectrum and the organization of the future: Recapturing radio for new working patterns and lifestyles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, the allocation of spectrum has been a battle between the regulators and directly interested parties—telecommunications and broadcast operators, and the military. But changes in business processes, working patterns and cultures are making radio increasingly valuable throughout our normal day. In essence, the spectrum must be recaptured by business and the community to support our novel patterns of work and

Simon Forge

1996-01-01

380

Making the Past Relevant to Future Generations. The Work of the Anne Frank House in Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides the context and outlines the barriers and opportunities for developing promising Holocaust education programmes in Latin America, especially working with diverse communities and societies. In particular, the conflictual history of Latin American and recent democratization processes present opportunities for educational work.…

Chyrikins, Mariela; Vieyra, Magdalena

2010-01-01

381

Technology?Supported Learning and Teaching in Social Work in the UK—A Critical Overview of the Past, Present and Possible Futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the authors' extensive involvement in e?learning development activities in social care and social work education since the 1990s to explore trends and developments in uptake of technologies for learning and teaching.The paper utilises predictions of papers and reports written between five and ten years ago to critically reflect on past, present and possible future developments for technology

Julia Waldman; Jackie Rafferty

2008-01-01

382

Wireless Intelligent ATM Network and Protocol Design for Future Personal Communication Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the wireless intelligent ATM (WIATM) network, designed to provide wireless broadband integrated services. The WIATM network takes advantage of the ATM-cell relay paradigm for integrated services through a radio link with quality of service (QoS) guarantee. The design of the WIATM network architecture is an independent wireless network, which is consistent with the inherent cellular\\/PCS network architecture,

Fang-chen Cheng; Jack M. Holtzman

1997-01-01

383

Meta-design: A Framework for the Future of End-User Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world that is not predictable, improvisation, evolution, and innovation are more than a luxury: they are a necessity.\\u000a The challenge of design is not a matter of getting rid of the emergent, but rather of including it and making it an opportunity\\u000a for more creative and more adequate solutions to problems.\\u000a \\u000a Meta-design is an emerging conceptual framework aimed

Gerhard Fischer; Elisa Giaccardi

384

Design of an integral thermal protection system for future space vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal protection systems (TPS) are the features incorporated into a spacecraft's design to protect it from severe aerodynamic heating during high-speed travel through planetary atmospheres. The ablative TPS on the space capsule Apollo and ceramic tiles and blankets on the Space Shuttle Orbiter were designed as add-ons to the main load-bearing structure of the vehicles. They are usually incompatible with

Satish Kumar Bapanapalli

2007-01-01

385

Work in progress - applied process control systems design: hands-on laboratory experiences for multiple disciplines and academic levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hands-on, design oriented experiences have been shown to increase the retention of undergraduate engineering students. Creatively engaging students throughout their engineering curriculum, and providing increased exposure to hands-on content with realistic connections to future careers is one method that may be used to increase graduation rates. While each discipline may find focused, relevant topics, relatively few demonstrate multidisciplinary appeal. Fewer

2004-01-01

386

Summary Report of the Series of Joint NSF-EU Working Groups on Future Directions for Digital Libraries Research: October 12, 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Union and the National Science Foundation have been collaborating on a joint international project to identify future research directions and funding priorities for digital libraries. Five working groups were established to explore specific research areas: Intellectual Property and Economics, Global Resource Discovery, Interoperability, Metadata, and Multilingual Information Access. At their most recent workshop in October 1998, the five working groups presented recommendations based on their studies, the results of which are outlined in this Summary Report (available in HTML, Word, and .pdf). The final reports from each of the five working groups are expected to be published in early 1999. The collaborative work on digital libraries by the National Science Foundation and the European Union is described briefly in the Summary of Research Agenda. Also included here are links to European digital library research and initiatives.

1998-01-01

387

Summary of system designs for photovoltaic experiments and recommendations for future activities  

SciTech Connect

A review and summary of photovoltaic experiments designed by 29 industry/user teams for applications in the Intermediate Load Center sector, i.e., commercial, institutional, and industrial loads are presented. System sizes of 20 to 500 kW peak were considered. The 29 designs were comprised of 12 flat panel and 17 concentrator configurations. The design effort took place between June 1978 and February 1979 and was directed by the DOE Albuquerque Operations Office and the Sandia Laboratories. The 9 designs covered a wide range of applications, including office buildings, industrial plants, airports, schools, amusement parks, utility substations, institutional facilities, and remote stand-alone loads. The concentrator types included parabolic troughs, linear Fresnel, circular Fresnel, and cassegrain designs with geometric concentration ratios ranging from 20 to 400. One project selected gallium arsenide as a cell material and all but one of the remaining designs used single crystal silicon cells. Nine of the projects subsequently have been selected for construction and evaluation. Recommendations are made for additional experiments or analyses including desalinization of water by electrodialysis, dc-powered telephone switching, agricultural water pumping, industrial applications, high concentration (> 200X) collectors, flat panel tracking, and cell/module failure detection concepts.

Fling, R.B.; Siegel, B.

1980-07-01

388

Intuitive engineering, human factors, and the design of future interfaces (Invited Paper)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human factors engineering (HFE) professionals complain that they are often called in after-the-fact to help correct human interface problems. They believe many design flaws can be avoided if design teams involve them early on. However, in the case of innovative technology, such post hoc human factors may not be avoidable unless the inventor is also a human factors engineer or the prospective user. In rare cases an inventor of a new technology has an intuitive understanding of human engineering principles and knows well the capabilities and limitations of operators. This paper outlines the importance of focusing on the user-system interface and encouraging engineers to develop their own intuitive sense of users through mental imagery. If design engineers start with a clear mental picture of a specific user and task rather than generalities of use, fewer interface problems are likely to be encountered later in development. Successful technology innovators often use a visual thinking approach in the development of new concepts. Examples are presented to illustrate the successful application of intuitive design. An approach is offered on how designers can improve their non-verbal thinking skills. The author shares the view that the mission of HFE should not be to make system developers dependent on the small community of HF experts but rather to help them learn the value of applying user-centered design techniques.

Sampson, James B.

2005-05-01

389

Heat exposure, cardiovascular stress and work productivity in rice harvesters in India: implications for a climate change future.  

PubMed

Excessive workplace heat exposures create well-known risks of heat stroke, and it limits the workers' capacity to sustain physical activity. There is very limited evidence available on how these effects reduce work productivity, while the quantitative relationship between heat and work productivity is an essential basis for climate change impact assessments. We measured hourly heat exposure in rice fields in West Bengal and recorded perceived health problems via interviews of 124 rice harvesters. In a sub-group (n = 48) heart rate was recorded every minute in a standard work situation. Work productivity was recorded as hourly rice bundle collection output. The hourly heat levels (WBGT = Wet Bulb Globe Temperature) were 26-32°C (at air temperatures of 30-38°C), exceeding international standards. Most workers reported exhaustion and pain during work on hot days. Heart rate recovered quickly at low heat, but more slowly at high heat, indicating cardiovascular strain. The hourly number of rice bundles collected was significantly reduced at WBGT>26°C (approximately 5% per°C of increased WBGT). We conclude that high heat exposure in agriculture caused heat strain and reduced work productivity. This reduction will be exacerbated by climate change and may undermine the local economy. PMID:23685851

Sahu, Subhashis; Sett, Moumita; Kjellstrom, Tord

2013-05-20

390

Design of an integral thermal protection system for future space vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal protection systems (TPS) are the features incorporated into a spacecraft's design to protect it from severe aerodynamic heating during high-speed travel through planetary atmospheres. The ablative TPS on the space capsule Apollo and ceramic tiles and blankets on the Space Shuttle Orbiter were designed as add-ons to the main load-bearing structure of the vehicles. They are usually incompatible with the structure due to mismatch in coefficient of thermal expansion and as a result the robustness of the external surface of the spacecraft is compromised. This could potentially lead to catastrophic consequences because the TPS forms the external surface of the vehicle and is subjected to numerous other loads like aerodynamic pressure loads, small object high-speed impacts and handling damages during maintenance. In order to make the spacecraft external surface robust, an Integral Thermal Protection System (ITPS) concept has been proposed in this research in which the load-bearing structure and the TPS are combined into one single structure. The design of an ITPS is a formidable task because the requirement of a load-bearing structure and a TPS are often contradictory to one another. The design process has been formulated as an optimization problem with mass per unit area of the ITPS as the objective function and the various functions of the ITPS were formulated as constraints. This is a multidisciplinary design optimization problem involving heat transfer and structural analysis fields. The constraints were expressed as response surface approximations obtained from a large number of finite element analyses, which were carried out with combinations of design variables obtained from an optimized Latin-Hypercube sampling scheme. A MATLABRTM code has been developed to carry out these FE analyses automatically in conjunction with ABAQUSRTM . Corrugated-core structures were designed for ITPS applications with loads and boundary conditions similar to that of a Space Shuttle-like vehicle. Temperature, buckling, deflection and stress constraints were considered for the design process. An optimized mass ranging between 3.5--5 lb/ft2 was achieved by the design. This is considerably heavier when compared to conventional TPS designs. However, the ITPS can withstand substantially large mechanical loads when compared to the conventional TPS. Truss-core geometries used for ITPS design in this research were found to be unsuitable as they could not withstand large thermal gradients frequently encountered in ITPS applications. The corrugated-core design was used for further studying the influence of the various input parameters on the final design weight of the ITPS. It was observed that boundary conditions not only significantly influence the ITPS design but also have a major impact on the effect of various input parameters. It was found that even a small amount of heat loss from bottom face sheet leads to significant reduction in ITPS weight. Aluminum and Beryllium are the most suitable materials for bottom face sheet with Beryllium having considerable advantages in terms of heat capacity, stiffness and density. Although ceramic matrix composites have many superior properties when compared to metal alloys (Titanium alloys and Inconel), their low tensile strength presents difficulties in ITPS applications.

Bapanapalli, Satish Kumar

391

Accelerator production of tritium plant design and supporting engineering development and demonstration work  

SciTech Connect

Tritium is an isotope of hydrogen with a half life of 12.3 years. Because it is essential for US thermonuclear weapons to function, tritium must be periodically replenished. Since K reactor at Savannah River Site stopped operating in 1988, tritium has been recycled from dismantled nuclear weapons. This process is possible only as long as many weapons are being retired. Maintaining the stockpile at the level called for in the present Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START-I) will require the Department of Energy to have an operational tritium production capability in the 2005--2007 time frame. To make the required amount of tritium using an accelerator based system (APT), neutrons will be produced through high energy proton reactions with tungsten and lead. Those neutrons will be moderated and captured in {sup 3}He to make tritium. The APT plant design will use a 1,700 MeV linear accelerator operated at 100 mA. In preparation for engineering design, starting in October 1997 and subsequent construction, a program of engineering development and demonstration is underway. That work includes assembly and testing of the first 20 MeV of the low energy plant linac at 100 mA, high-energy linac accelerating structure prototyping, radiofrequency power system improvements, neutronic efficiency measurements, and materials qualifications.

Lisowski, P.W.

1997-11-01

392

Design concepts for future large-aperture wide-field-of-view UVIS optical systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has provided superb imaging and spectroscopic capability for studying galaxies, stars, and nebulae in the ultraviolet and visible (UVIS) wavelength regions, as well as in the near infrared. The HST is a 2.4-meter telescope with imaging, spectroscopic, and limited coronagraphic instrumentation. NASA plans to discontinue its operations in 2010. Next generation ultraviolet and visible telescope capability to replace HST is currently under discussion. The new facility would include a very large aperture collector, ultra wide field of view (WFOV) imagery, precise wavefront control, and high UVIS efficiency. Such a facility would combine ultra wide FOV imagery that is diffraction-limited at Lyman-? (? = 122 nm) with efficient broad spectral coverage. The design must also provide spectroscopic, and possibly coronagraphic, capability in addition to imagery. This paper will discuss design trades for such capabilities and present design configurations. The paper will also identify key technologies needed to support the implementation of the new facility.

Woodruff, Robert A.

2003-02-01

393

Behavior Breakthroughs[TM]: Future Teachers Reflect on a Focused Game Designed to Teach ABA Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the use of a focused educational game. The game, "Behavior Breakthroughs"[TM], was created to teach people that work with children with autism, appropriate behavior management techniques. A group of undergraduate, teacher education students played the game and provided feedback on their experiences.|

Lowdermilk, John; Martinez, Deborah; Pecina, Julie; Beccera, Lisa; Lowdermilk, Carey

2012-01-01

394

Behavior Breakthroughs[TM]: Future Teachers Reflect on a Focused Game Designed to Teach ABA Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the use of a focused educational game. The game, "Behavior Breakthroughs"[TM], was created to teach people that work with children with autism, appropriate behavior management techniques. A group of undergraduate, teacher education students played the game and provided feedback on their experiences.

Lowdermilk, John; Martinez, Deborah; Pecina, Julie; Beccera, Lisa; Lowdermilk, Carey

2012-01-01

395

Current grid-generation strategies and future requirements in hypersonic vehicle design, analysis and testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in computational power enable computational fluid dynamic modeling of increasingly complex configurations. A review of grid-generation methodologies implemented in support of the computational work performed for the X-38 (Experimental Crew Return Vehicle) and X-33 hypersonic vehicles are presented. In strategizing topological constructs and blocking structures, the factors considered are geometric configuration, optimal grid size, numerical algorithms, accuracy requirements,

Periklis Papadopoulos; Ethiraj Venkatapathy; Dinesh Prabhu; Mark P Loomis; Dave Olynick

1999-01-01

396

The neurointerventional procedure room of the future: predicting likely innovations in design and function  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Multispecialty Occupational Health Group, as part of their work, have considered likely characteristics of the neurointerventional surgery operating room of tomorrow. Such rooms will be distinguished by certain architectural features and markedly increased information technology features. The novel architectural features will include system proximities, such as embedding the procedure room next to traditional operating rooms, anesthesia recovery units, intensive

Alexander Norbash; Lloyd W Klein; James Goldstein; David Haines; Stephen Balter; Lynne Fairobent; Donald L Miller

2011-01-01

397

Public Health Preparedness and Response to Chemical and Radiological Incidents: Functions, Practices, and Areas for Future Work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 66 page report released in August 2009 looks into the world of public health emergency preparedness, and for those persons who work in the fields of emergency response policy, public health, or security studies, this work will be most timely. Authored by five researchers at the RAND Corporation this technical report looks into "the roles of the public health service in emergency preparedness and its response to chemical and radiological incidents." The report is divided into four chapters, two appendices, and a references section. As events like nuclear plant accidents, chemical terrorism, and other related occurrences can have tremendous implications for public health, the report is most valuable.

Latourrette, Tom

398

Anticipatory capacity: Leveraging model-based approaches to design systems for dynamic futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a vision for enhancing anticipatory capacity of engineering organizations, with a goal of enabling the design of systems that can deliver sustained value as the world changes. Anticipatory capacity is the capacity of an organization to continuously develop and apply knowledge acquired through a structured approach to anticipate changing scenarios as needs and context change over time,

Donna H. Rhodes; Adam M. Ross

2009-01-01

399

Design study of a tritium transport package for future fusion reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first design of a tritium transport package with large capacity and compact size, which can be applicable to tritium transport for International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) was developed. To verify that the package complies with the requirements for the BU type package stipulated in the IAEA regulation of transport packages, structural and thermal analysis were made for hypothetical accident

S. O’hira; T. Suzuki; S. Hode; M. Nishi

1999-01-01

400

Improvement of numerical methods for crash analysis in future composite aircraft design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent aircraft as well as rotorcraft design technologies include more and more composite materials. Their high mechanical characteristics and high mass specific energy absorption capability motivate their use in large primary structures as well as in sub-floor structural and crashworthy components in preference to metals. Due to the increased performance of computers and new explicit finite element (FE) software developments

Eric Deletombe; David Delsart; Dieter Kohlgrüber; Alastair F. Johnson

2000-01-01

401

NASA Now Minute: Technology and Design: The Future of Space Exploration  

NASA Video Gallery

John Connolly, deputy manager of the Exploration Missions and Systems Office, describes the physics and environmental differences engineers must consider when designing crewed exploration missions to destinations in space. NASA Now Minutes are excerpts from a weekly current events program available for classroom use at the NASA Explorer Schools Virtual Campus located at: › http://explorerschools.nasa.gov.

Heather Deiss

2012-12-05

402

CURRENT WORLDWIDE SIDE IMPACT ACTIVITIES - DIVERGENCE VERSUS HARMONISATION AND THE POSSIBLE EFFECT ON FUTURE CAR DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Car manufacturers design vehicles and side impact restraint systems to protect passengers from the risk of serious injury in the event of a side impact. In each of the major markets of the world, the side- impact testing requirements as set by the regulatory and the consumer interests are generally different. This paper will document and compare the international side

A. McNeill; J. Haberl; M Holzner; R. Schoeneburg; T. Strutz; U. Tautenhahn

403

Design of a global car production-logistics system for a future ASEAN-China region  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a systematic design procedure for an international mutual parts supply system for global car manufacturing is proposed and investigated. This procedure offers a rational way to determine the production countries of individual parts\\/components as well as the import countries for their procurement operations. The proposed procedure consists of three major steps, mathematical programming model development for minimum

Hiroshi Katayama

1999-01-01

404

New Australian High School Represents the Future of Education Facility Design: Kingston High School, Tasmania, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The brief from local government called for an environmentally sustainable school that establishes new models for excellence in curriculum, teaching, and learning. With its visionary sine wave design concept, flexible learning areas, shared community spaces and "extensive" green roof system--a first for an Australian school--the new $33 million…

Deni, Adriano

2012-01-01

405

New Australian High School Represents the Future of Education Facility Design: Kingston High School, Tasmania, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The brief from local government called for an environmentally sustainable school that establishes new models for excellence in curriculum, teaching, and learning. With its visionary sine wave design concept, flexible learning areas, shared community spaces and "extensive" green roof system--a first for an Australian school--the new $33 million…

Deni, Adriano

2012-01-01

406

Work Design Issues in Lean Production from a Sociotechnical Systems Perspective: Neo-Taylorism or the Next Step in Sociotechnical Design?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The similarities and differences between two paradigms, Lean Production (LP) and Sociotechnical Systems (STS) thinking, which currently compete for the attention of managers and scholars interested in improving the design of work systems, are studied in this article. In order to find the logic behind each approach, the design principles formulated by Cherns have been used to evaluate LP from

Willem Niepcel; Eric Molleman

1998-01-01

407

The 21st Century at Work: Forces Shaping the Future Workforce and Workplace in the United States. Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What are the forces that will continue to shape the U.S. workforce and workplace over the next 10 to 15 years? With such inevitabilities as the proliferation and acceleration of technology worldwide, will more individuals work at home, will more businesses outsource their noncore functions -- and with what consequences? Answering such questions…

Karoly, Lynn A.; Panis, Constantijn W. A.

2004-01-01

408

The 21st Century at Work: Forces Shaping the Future Workforce and Workplace in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What are the forces that will continue to shape the U.S. workforce and workplace over the next 10 to 15 years? With such inevitabilities as the proliferation and acceleration of technology worldwide, will more individuals work at home, will more businesses outsource their noncore functions -- and with what consequences? Answering such questions…

Karoly, Lynn A.; Panis, Constantijn W. A.

2004-01-01

409

A review of infrared limb observations of tenuous atmosphers. Suggestions for future work at the Jupiter system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review several historical observations of tenuous planetary atmospheres by IR spectroimager operating in limb scan mode. Limb observations are characterized by long optical paths and could detect very weak emission lines, often associated to the non-LTE conditions or photochemical phenomena encountered at low densities. Literature studies are used as a guideline to recommend observations by future Jupiter system missions, where oxygen in the atmospheres of Europa, Ganymede and Callisto is an obvious subject of interest. Integration of IR observations with the results of other payload components (Plasma and Particles Instrument/INMS) is also discussed, with possible synergies in defining the surface/space environment interactions that eventually lead to the formation of atmospheres of icy satellites.

Grassi, D.

2012-01-01

410

Design considerations of a cable wiring system for a new medical center to support a future medical imaging system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our Medical Center is faced with the problem to design a cable wiring system today, install it by the middle 1990's, and allow for upgrades and enhancements for the next ten to fifteen years. The cable plant must be able to support functions and activities which are poorly defined today, but will include the hospital information system (HIS), a future picture archiving and communication system (PACS), and possibly an electronic patient chart with integrated image data. The cable plant must also connect to a future campus wide Medical Network of the Indiana University Medical center with the first component being a positron emission tomography system (PET) located approximately one mile away. To meet these goals the proposed cable plant will be a structured wire cabling system following existing and proposed standards for building wiring architectures including the Electronics Industries Association (EIA) and the Telecommunications Industries Association (TIA) 568 Commercial Building Wiring Standard and the proposed Federal Telecommunication Standard 1090. The structured wiring system approached has been evaluated with emphasis on the present and future network topologies that can be implemented, the type and size of fiber optic cable to install, and the need to install fiber optic cable to individual workstations.

Witt, Robert M.; Emrich, Jack

1992-07-01

411

Designing future heavy-ion–matter interaction experiments for the GSI Darmstadt heavy ion synchrotron  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulation model, we present optimized design for a number of heavy-ion–matter interaction experiments that will be performed at the upgraded GSI Darmstadt accelerator facility. Our simulations show that using suitable beam–target configurations, one should be able to create samples of high-energy-density matter that could be used to investigate the equation-of-state properties of matter under such extreme

N. A. Tahir; D. H. H. Hoffmann; A. Kozyreva; A. Shutov; J. A. Maruhn; U. Neuner; A. Tauschwitz; P. Spiller; R. Bock

2001-01-01

412

Integrating Materials, Manufacturing, Design and Validation for Sustainability in Future Transport Systems  

SciTech Connect

The predictive methods currently used for material specification, component design and the development of manufacturing processes, need to evolve beyond the current 'metal centric' state of the art, if advanced composites are to realise their potential in delivering sustainable transport solutions. There are however, significant technical challenges associated with this process. Deteriorating environmental, political, economic and social conditions across the globe have resulted in unprecedented pressures to improve the operational efficiency of the manufacturing sector generally and to change perceptions regarding the environmental credentials of transport systems in particular. There is a need to apply new technologies and develop new capabilities to ensure commercial sustainability in the face of twenty first century economic and climatic conditions as well as transport market demands. A major technology gap exists between design, analysis and manufacturing processes in both the OEMs, and the smaller companies that make up the SME based supply chain. As regulatory requirements align with environmental needs, manufacturers are increasingly responsible for the broader lifecycle aspects of vehicle performance. These include not only manufacture and supply but disposal and re-use or re-cycling. In order to make advances in the reduction of emissions coupled with improved economic efficiency through the provision of advanced lightweight vehicles, four key challenges are identified as follows: Material systems, Manufacturing systems, Integrated design methods using digital manufacturing tools and Validation systems. This paper presents a project which has been designed to address these four key issues, using at its core, a digital framework for the creation and management of key parameters related to the lifecycle performance of thermoplastic composite parts and structures. It aims to provide capability for the proposition, definition, evaluation and demonstration of advanced lightweight structures for new generation vehicles in the context of whole life performance parameters.

Price, M. A.; Murphy, A.; Butterfield, J.; McCool, R.; Fleck, R. [CEIAT, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Queens University, Belfast (United Kingdom)

2011-05-04

413

300-FF-1 remedial design report/remedial action work plan  

SciTech Connect

The 300 Area has been divided into three operable units 300-FF-1, 300-FF-2, and 300-FF-5 all of which are in various stages of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) process. The 300-FF-1 Operable Unit, the subject of this report, includes liquid waste disposal sites, landfills, and a burial ground. This Remedial Design Report/Remedial Action Work Plan (RDR/RAWP) provides a summary description of each waste site included in the 300-FF-1 Operable Unit, the basis for remedial actions to be taken, and the remedial action approach and management process for implementing these actions. The remedial action approach and management sections provide a description of the remedial action process description, the project schedule, the project team, required planning documentation, the remedial action change process, the process for verifying attainment of the remedial action goals, and the required CERCLA and RCRA closeout documentation. Appendix A provides additional details on each waste site. In addition to remediation of the waste sites, waste generated during the remedial investigation/feasibility study portions of the project will also be disposed at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF). Appendix B provides a summary of the modeling performed in the 300-FF-1 Phase 3 FS and a description of the modeling effort to be used to show attainment of the remedial action goals. Appendix C provides the sampling and analysis plan (SAP) for all sampling and field-screening activities performed during remediation and for verification of attainment with the remedial action goals. Appendix D provides the public involvement plan, prepared to ensure information is provided to the public during remedial design and remedial action processes.

Gustafson, F.W.

1997-02-01

414

Proficiency testing in analytical chemistry, microbiology, and laboratory medicine – working group discussions on current status, problems, and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working group (WG) discussions on proficiency testing (PT) held at the joint Eurachem\\/ EQALM workshop, Bors, Sweden, 24–26\\u000a September 2000 are summarized. The discussions focused on aspects of PT and accreditation (WG 1), general aspects of PT in\\u000a analytical chemistry (WG 2), microbiology (WG 3), and laboratory medicine (WG 4), incorporation of measurement uncertainty\\u000a into PT schemes (WG 5), international

Ulf Örnemark; Nick Boley; Khalid Saeed; Petronella M. van Berkel; Rainer Schmidt; Michael Noble; Irma Mäkinen; Mauri Keinänen; Adam Uldall; Heidi Steensland; Adriaan Van der Veen; Daniel W. Tholen; Manfred Golze; Jytte Molin Christensen; Paul De Bièvre; E. W. B. De Leer

2001-01-01

415

Design of an ultra low power CMOS pixel sensor for a future neutron personal dosimeter  

SciTech Connect

Despite a continuously increasing demand, neutron electronic personal dosimeters (EPDs) are still far from being completely established because their development is a very difficult task. A low-noise, ultra low power consumption CMOS pixel sensor for a future neutron personal dosimeter has been implemented in a 0.35 {mu}m CMOS technology. The prototype is composed of a pixel array for detection of charged particles, and the readout electronics is integrated on the same substrate for signal processing. The excess electrons generated by an impinging particle are collected by the pixel array. The charge collection time and the efficiency are the crucial points of a CMOS detector. The 3-D device simulations using the commercially available Synopsys-SENTAURUS package address the detailed charge collection process. Within a time of 1.9 {mu}s, about 59% electrons created by the impact particle are collected in a cluster of 4 x 4 pixels with the pixel pitch of 80 {mu}m. A charge sensitive preamplifier (CSA) and a shaper are employed in the frond-end readout. The tests with electrical signals indicate that our prototype with a total active area of 2.56 x 2.56 mm{sup 2} performs an equivalent noise charge (ENC) of less than 400 e - and 314 {mu}W power consumption, leading to a promising prototype. (authors)

Zhang, Y.; Hu-Guo, C.; Husson, D.; Hu, Y. [Institut Pluridisplinaire Hubert Curien IPHC, Univ. of Strasbourg, CNRS/IN2P3, 23 Rue du Loess, 67037 Strasbourg (France)

2011-07-01

416

ATMS Functional Requirements and Specifications. Task C: Final Working Paper for Design of Support Systems for Advanced Traffic Management Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is third in a series describing the results of a five-year research program, entitled the Design of Support Systems for Advanced Traffic Management Systems. The purpose of this work is to define, design, prototype, and evaluate the baseline ...

1994-01-01

417

Light-sensitive Lipid-based Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery: Design Principles and Future Considerations for Biological Applications  

PubMed Central

Radiation-based therapies aided by nanoparticles have been developed since decades, and can be primarily categorized into two main platforms. First, delivery of payload of photo-reactive drugs (photosensitizers) using the conventional nanoparticles, and second, design and development of photo-triggerable nanoparticles (primarily liposomes) to attain light-assisted on-demand drug delivery. The main focus of this review is to provide an update of the history, current status and future applications of photo-triggerable lipid-based nanoparticles (light-sensitive liposomes). We will begin with a brief overview on the applications of liposomes for delivery of photosensitizers, including the choice of photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy, as well as the currently available light sources (lasers) used for these applications. The main segment of this review will encompass the details on the strategies to develop photo-triggerable designer liposomes for their drug delivery function. The principles underlying the assembly of photoreactive lipids into nanoparticles (liposomes) and photo-triggering mechanisms will be presented. We will also discuss factors that limit the applications of these liposomes for in vivo triggered drug delivery and emerging concepts that may lead to the biologically viable photo-activation strategies. We will conclude with our view point on the future perspectives of light-sensitive liposomes in the clinic.

Yavlovich, Amichai; Smith, Brandon; Gupta, Kshitij; Blumenthal, Robert; Puri, Anu

2011-01-01

418

Enhancing a sustainable healthy working life: design of a clustered randomized controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To improve a sustainable healthy working life, we have developed the intervention 'Staying healthy at work', which endeavours to enhance work participation of employees aged 45 years and older by increasing their problem-solving capacity and stimulating their awareness of their role and responsibility towards a healthy working life. This research study aims to evaluate the process and the effectiveness

Wendy Koolhaas; Sandra Brouwer; Johan W Groothoff; Jac JL van der Klink

2010-01-01

419

Portrait of the Oxford Design Studio: An Ethnography of Design Pedagogy. WCER Working Paper No. 2003-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study explores the underlying structure of the design practices in the Oxford Studio, a design studio course taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture. The study describes elements of the practices in the Oxford Studio and then analyzes the connections among these elements at three levels: (a)…

Shaffer, David Williamson

2003-01-01

420

Remedial design work plan for Lower East Fork Poplar Creek Operable Unit, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

The Remedial Design Work Plan (RDWP) for Lower East Fork Poplar Creek (EFPC) Operable Unit (OU) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. This remedial action fits into the overall Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) cleanup strategy by addressing contaminated floodplain soil. The objective of this remedial action is to minimize the risk to human health and the environment from contaminated soil in the Lower EFPC floodplain pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) (1992). In accordance with the FFA, a remedial investigation (RI) (DOE 1994a) and a feasibility study (DOE 1994b) were conducted to assess contamination of the Lower EFPC and propose remediation alternatives. The remedial investigation determined that the principal contaminant is mercury, which originated from releases during Y-12 Plant operations, primarily between 1953 and 1963. The recommended alternative by the feasibility study was to excavate and dispose of floodplain soils contaminated with mercury above the remedial goal option. Following the remedial investigation/feasibility study, and also in accordance with the FFA, a proposed plan was prepared to more fully describe the proposed remedy.

NONE

1995-10-01

421

The past, present, and future of head-mounted display designs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Head-mounted displays present a relatively mature option for augmenting the visual field of a potentially mobile user. Ideally, one would wish for such capability to exist without the need to wear any view-aided device. However, unless a display system could be created in space, anywhere and anytime, a simple solution is to wear the display. We review in this paper the fundamentals of head-mounted displays including image sources and HMD optical designs. We further point out promising research directions that will play a key role towards the seamless integration between the virtually superimposed computer graphics objects and the tangible world around us.

Rolland, Jannick P.; Cakmakci, Ozan

2005-02-01

422

Oxide Target Designs for High Primary Beam Intensities for Future Radioactive Ion Beam Facilities  

SciTech Connect

Oxide targets used nowadays in ISOL facilities can only accommodate up to a few kW incoming beam power because of the targets' moderate operation temperatures and their low thermal conductivities. A generic design to accommodate a 100 kW, 1 GeV proton beam, used as baseline parameters in the ongoing EURISOL-DS project, along with the numerical and experimental tools required for its validation, are reported here. We provide some details on these high-power composite oxide-refractory metal targets and on the proposed arrangement in several sub-units merging into a single ion source.

Stora, T.; Bouquerel, E.; Bruno, L.; Catherall, R.; Fernandes, S.; Kasprowicz, P.; Lettry, J.; Marzari, S.; Noah, E.; Penescu, L.; Wilfinger, R. [AB Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Singh, B. S. Nara [Department of Physics, University of York, York, Y10 5DD (United Kingdom)

2009-03-10

423

Designing Smart Health Care Technology into the Home of the Future  

SciTech Connect

The US health care industry is experiencing a substantial paradigm shift with regard to home care due to the convergence of several technology areas. Increasingly-capable telehealth systems and the internet are not only moving the point of care closer to the patient, but the patient can now assume a more active role in his or her own care. These technologies, coupled with (1) the migration of the health care industry to electronic patient records and (2) the emergence of a growing number of enabling health care technologies (e.g., novel biosensors, wearable devices, and intelligent software agents), demonstrate unprecedented potential for delivering highly automated, intelligent health care in the home. This editorial paper presents a vision for the implementation of intelligent health care technology in the home of the future, focusing on areas of research that have the highest potential payoff given targeted government funding over the next ten years. Here, intelligent health care technology means smart devices and systems that are aware of their context and can therefore assimilate information to support care decisions. A systems perspective is used to describe a framework under which devices can interact with one another in a plug-and-play manner. Within this infrastructure, traditionally passive sensors and devices will have read/write access to appropriate portions of an individual's electronic medical record. Through intelligent software agents, plug-and-play mechanisms, messaging standards, and user authentication tools, these smart home-based medical devices will be aware of their own capabilities, their relationship to the other devices in the home system, and the identity of the individual(s) from whom they acquire data. Information surety technology will be essential to maintain the confidentiality of patient-identifiable medical information and to protect the integrity of geographically dispersed electronic medical records with which each home-based system will interact.

Warren, S.; Craft, R.L.; Bosma, J.T.

1999-04-07

424

Designed Environments: Places, Practices, & Plans. Stuff That Works! A Technology Curriculum for the Elementary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book focuses on the design process and aims to teach students basic design technology with applications in their school and environment. Contents are divided into six chapters: (1) "Appetizers" includes activities that can be done individually to become familiar with the topic of design; (2) "Concepts" provides a basis for design

Neujahr, James L.

425

EAACI: A European Declaration on Immunotherapy. Designing the future of allergen specific immunotherapy  

PubMed Central

Allergy today is a public health concern of pandemic proportions, affecting more than 150 million people in Europe alone. In view of epidemiological trends, the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) predicts that within the next few decades, more than half of the European population may at some point in their lives experience some type of allergy. Not only do allergic patients suffer from a debilitating disease, with the potential for major impact on their quality of life, career progression, personal development and lifestyle choices, but they also constitute a significant burden on health economics and macroeconomics due to the days of lost productivity and underperformance. Given that allergy triggers, including urbanization, industrialization, pollution and climate change, are not expected to change in the foreseeable future, it is imperative that steps are taken to develop, strengthen and optimize preventive and treatment strategies. Allergen specific immunotherapy is the only currently available medical intervention that has the potential to affect the natural course of the disease. Years of basic science research, clinical trials, and systematic reviews and meta-analyses have convincingly shown that allergen specific immunotherapy can achieve substantial results for patients, improving the allergic individuals’ quality of life, reducing the long-term costs and burden of allergies, and changing the course of the disease. Allergen specific immunotherapy not only effectively alleviates allergy symptoms, but it has a long-term effect after conclusion of the treatment and can prevent the progression of allergic diseases. Unfortunately, allergen specific immunotherapy has not yet received adequate attention from European institutions, including research funding bodies, even though this could be a most rewarding field in terms of return on investments, translational value and European integration and, a field in which Europe is recognized as a worldwide leader. Evaluation and surveillance of the full cost of allergic diseases is still lacking and further progress is being stifled by the variety of health systems across Europe. This means that the general population remains unaware of the potential use of allergen specific immunotherapy and its potential benefits. We call upon Europe’s policy-makers to coordinate actions and improve individual and public health in allergy by: Promoting awareness of the effectiveness of allergen specific immunotherapy Updating national healthcare policies to support allergen specific immunotherapy Prioritising funding for allergen specific immunotherapy research Monitoring the macroeconomic and health economic parameters of allergy Reinforcing allergy teaching in medical disciplines and specialties The effective implementation of the above policies has the potential for a major positive impact on European health and well-being in the next decade.

2012-01-01

426

Preservice teachers: Future first responders in the evolution versus intelligent design battle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) states that evolution is the unifying theme from which all biological science is to be organized and it is the basic principle that guides the majority of biology curricula in the American public school systems today. Previous research indicates a widespread lack of acceptance by the American public of the veracity of this theory and even less agreement that it should be taught as the only theory of human origins in the public schools. Many studies have also documented students' difficulties in learning, or accepting, the theory of evolution. From the time of the Scopes trial in the 1920s, to landmark Supreme Court decisions in the seventies and eighties, the manner of how evolution should taught has been an issue of contention. The most recent challenge to evolution's putative privileged place is called the intelligent design movement which seeks recognition as a competing scientific theory in a way that scientific creationism was never able to be recognized. While there has been much research conducted on the issue of student and teacher acceptance of the theory of evolution, until recently there have been few documented studies of the preservice teacher. To help fill this gap a survey based quantitative study of 330 preservice teachers from both a public and private Southern California university credentialing program was conducted. Their positions regarding the teaching of evolution in the public schools as well as their own beliefs about the importance of the issue were assessed. Results revealed that a majority (52%) was against the teaching of the theory of evolution as the only scientific theory of origins and that over 38% believed that intelligent design should be taught as an alternate or competing theory. Factors that identified this latter group were strongly held religious beliefs, a conservative political ideology, a low level of acceptance of the scientific consensus for the validity about the theory of evolution, and a misunderstanding regarding the nature of science (NOS).

Strauss, Jeffrey M.

427

AGS SUPER NEUTRINO BEAM FACILITY ACCELERATOR AND TARGET SYSTEM DESIGN (NEUTRINO WORKING GROUP REPORT-II).  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the design of the accelerator and target systems for the AGS Super Neutrino Beam Facility. Under the direction of the Associate Laboratory Director Tom Kirk, BNL has established a Neutrino Working Group to explore the scientific case and facility requirements for a very long baseline neutrino experiment. Results of a study of the physics merit and detector performance was published in BNL-69395 in October 2002, where it was shown that a wide-band neutrino beam generated by a 1 MW proton beam from the AGS, coupled with a half megaton water Cerenkov detector located deep underground in the former Homestake mine in South Dakota would be able to measure the complete set of neutrino oscillation parameters: (1) precise determination of the oscillation parameters {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 32}; (2) detection of the oscillation of {nu}{sub {mu}}-{nu}{sub e} and measurement of sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13}; (3) measurement of {Delta}m{sub 21}{sup 2} sin 2{theta}{sub 12} in a {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} appearance mode, independent of the value of {theta}{sub 13}; (4) verification of matter enhancement and the sign of {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2}; and (5) determination of the CP-violation parameter {delta}{sub CP} in the neutrino sector. This report details the performance requirements and conceptual design of the accelerator and the target systems for the production of a neutrino beam by a 1.0 MW proton beam from the AGS. The major components of this facility include a new 1.2 GeV superconducting linac, ramping the AGS at 2.5 Hz, and the new target station for 1.0 MW beam. It also calls for moderate increase, about 30%, of the AGS intensity per pulse. Special care is taken to account for all sources of proton beam loss plus shielding and collimation of stray beam halo particles to ensure equipment reliability and personal safety. A preliminary cost estimate and schedule for the accelerator upgrade and target system are also included.

DIWAN,M.; MARCIANO,W.; WENG,W.; RAPARIA,D.

2003-04-21

428

Ergonomics in design: interventions for youth working in the agricultural industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth and adolescents make up a substantial segment of the working population in the agricultural industry and many of these young workers are required to perform physically demanding jobs that put them at significant risk for developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Although there are no surveillance systems in place to track these potential injuries for youth who work in agriculture,

Thomas R. Waters

2012-01-01

429

Ergonomics in design: interventions for youth working in the agricultural industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth and adolescents make up a substantial segment of the working population in the agricultural industry and many of these young workers are required to perform physically demanding jobs that put them at significant risk for developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Although there are no surveillance systems in place to track these potential injuries for youth who work in agriculture,

Thomas R. Waters

2010-01-01

430

The Design of Experiments and the Estimation of Experimental Errors: A Necessary Preparation for Project Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests the level at which errors could be treated in sixth form physics (England) and then describes two design exercises in which rough estimations of errors are used in the making of design decisions. (Author/PR)|

Tawney, D. A.

1972-01-01

431

Shift work and cancer research: a thought experiment into a potential chronobiological fallacy of past and perspectives for future epidemiological studies.  

PubMed

With their 2007 classification - shift work involving "circadian disruption" is probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A) - the International Agency for Research on Cancer [IARC] provided a riddle for scientists and the public alike. Thereafter, eighteen epidemiological investigations into shift work and a host of malignant endpoints (including cancers of the breast, prostate, lung, colon, rectum, pancreas, bladder, skin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma [NHL]) as well as mortality were published. Although IARC experts identified "circadian disruption" as the critical link in the "probable" chains of cancer causation, almost none of the post-IARC studies specifically considered a disturbed temporal organization of biology. This implies that epidemiological research to-date is less focused than it should be. To illustrate a potential chronobiological fallacy of past studies, we offer a thought experiment. In addition, we consider first empirical evidence from recent research which avoided such bias. Methodological perspectives for future chronobiology-driven epidemiological research are outlined. PMID:23803873

Erren, Thomas C; Morfeld, Peter

2013-01-01

432

Improving return-to-work after childbirth: design of the Mom@Work study, a randomised controlled trial and cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Many women suffer from health problems after giving birth, which can lead to sick leave. About 30% of Dutch workers are on sick leave after maternity leave. Structural contact of supervisors with employees on maternity leave, supported by early medical advice of occupational physicians, may increase the chances of return-to-work after maternity leave. In addition, to understand the process of sick leave and return-to-work after childbirth it is important to gain insight into which factors hinder return-to-work after childbirth, as well, as which prognostic factors lead to the development of postpartum health complaints. In this paper, the design of the Mom@Work study is described. Methods The Mom@Work study is simultaneously a randomised controlled trial and a cohort study. Pregnant women working for at least 12 hours a week at one of the 15 participating companies are eligible to participate. The supervisors of these pregnant employees are randomised at 35 weeks pregnancy into the intervention group or control group. During maternity leave, supervisors in the intervention group contact their employee six weeks after delivery using a structured interview. When employees do not expect to return to their jobs at the end of their scheduled maternity leave due to health problems, the supervisor offers early support of the occupational physician. Supervisors in the control group have no structural contact with their employees during maternity leave. Measurements take place at 30 weeks pregnancy and at 6, 12, 24 and 52 weeks postpartum. In addition, cost data are collected. For the RCT, primary outcome measures are sick leave and return-to-work, and secondary outcome measures are costs, health, satisfaction with intervention and global feelings of recovery. Outcome measures for the cohort are pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain, fatigue and depression. Finally, a number of prognostic factors for return-to-work and for the development of complaints will be measured. Discussion The Mom@Work study will provide important information about return-to-work of employees after giving birth. Results will give insight in prognosis of postpartum sick leave and complaints. Also, the role of supervisors and occupational physicians in successful return-to-work after childbirth will be clarified.

Stomp-van den Berg, Suzanne GM; van Poppel, Mireille NM; Hendriksen, Ingrid JM; Bruinvels, David J; Uegaki, Kimi; de Bruijne, Martine C; van Mechelen, Willem

2007-01-01

433

Interaction design for scholarly writing: Hypertext representations as a means for creative knowledge work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents our approach of using hypertext representations to support a scholar in the early stages of a scholarly writing process. We take D. A. Schoen's model of design as a theoretical framework. Schoen views design as a reflective conversation with the materials of a situation, where the designer interacts with the materials, such as pen and sketch on

Kumiyo Nakakoji; Yasuhiro Yamamoto; Mina Akaishi; Koichi Hori

2005-01-01

434

Multiversion object constellations: A new approach to support a designer's database work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The logical organization of database support for CAD applications is considered, which has to account for specific requirements including versioning, consistency and design transactions. A new approach to the organization, manipulation and management of design objects in a design database is described, which is based on the notion of an objectconstellation. A constellation is a set of multiversion objects together

W. Cellary; G. Vossen; G. Jomier

1994-01-01

435

Integrating safety into the design process: elements and concepts relative to the working situation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fact that the design of equipment and machines can no longer be separated from the concept of human safety has led to criteria linked to exploitation being taken into account during their design. This paper firstly looks at the problem of integrating safety into the design as early as possible, and goes on to review the state of the

Alain Bernard; Joseph Ciccotelli; Patrick Martin

2003-01-01

436

Transportable Applications Environment (TAE) Plus user interface designer WorkBench  

Microsoft Academic Search

TAE Plus was built at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center to support the building of GUI user interfaces for highly interactive applications, such as realtime processing systems and scientific analysis system. TAE Plus is designed as a productivity tool for the user interface designer. Human factor experts and user interface designers frequently do not want to have to learn the

Martha R. Szczur

1992-01-01

437

Review of nuclear power plant safety cable aging studies with recommendations for improved approaches and for future work.  

SciTech Connect

Many U. S. nuclear power plants are approaching 40 years of age and there is a desire to extend their life for up to 100 total years. Safety-related cables were originally qualified for nuclear power plant applications based on IEEE Standards that were published in 1974. The qualifications involved procedures to simulate 40 years of life under ambient power plant aging conditions followed by simulated loss of coolant accident (LOCA). Over the past 35 years or so, substantial efforts were devoted to determining whether the aging assumptions allowed by the original IEEE Standards could be improved upon. These studies led to better accelerated aging methods so that more confident 40-year lifetime predictions became available. Since there is now a desire to potentially extend the life of nuclear power plants way beyond the original 40 year life, there is an interest in reviewing and critiquing the current state-of-the-art in simulating cable aging. These are two of the goals of this report where the discussion is concentrated on the progress made over the past 15 years or so and highlights the most thorough and careful published studies. An additional goal of the report is to suggest work that might prove helpful in answering some of the questions and dealing with some of the issues that still remain with respect to simulating the aging and predicting the lifetimes of safety-related cable materials.

Gillen, Kenneth Todd; Bernstein, Robert

2010-11-01

438

The future costs of nuclear power using multiple expert elicitations: effects of RD&D and elicitation design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Characterization of the anticipated performance of energy technologies to inform policy decisions increasingly relies on expert elicitation. Knowledge about how elicitation design factors impact the probabilistic estimates emerging from these studies is, however, scarce. We focus on nuclear power, a large-scale low-carbon power option, for which future cost estimates are important for the design of energy policies and climate change mitigation efforts. We use data from three elicitations in the USA and in Europe and assess the role of government research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) investments on expected nuclear costs in 2030. We show that controlling for expert, technology, and design characteristics increases experts’ implied public RD&D elasticity of expected costs by 25%. Public sector and industry experts’ cost expectations are 14% and 32% higher, respectively than academics. US experts are more optimistic than their EU counterparts, with median expected costs 22% lower. On average, a doubling of public RD&D is expected to result in an 8% cost reduction, but the uncertainty is large. The difference between the 90th and 10th percentile estimates is on average 58% of the experts’ median estimates. Public RD&D investments do not affect uncertainty ranges, but US experts are less confident about costs than Europeans.

Díaz Anadón, Laura; Nemet, Gregory; Verdolini, Elena

2013-09-01

439

HumanICT. New Human-Centred Design Method and Virtula Environments in the Design of Vehicular Working Machine Interfaces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the field of movable machines and vehicles, the user demands and the requirements for versatility of products are becoming more challenging. New methods such as human-centred interface design are needed to improve the usability, safety and ergonomics o...

J. Viitaniemi K. Helin L. Rannananjaervi P. Kilpelaeinen P. Vaehae S. Aromaa T. Evilae

2007-01-01

440

Statistical Power for Regression Discontinuity Designs in Education: Empirical Estimates of Design Effects Relative to Randomized Controlled Trials. Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The regression discontinuity design (RDD) has the potential to yield findings with causal validity approaching that of the randomized controlled trial (RCT). However, Schochet (2008a) estimated that, on average, an RDD study of an education intervention would need to include three to four times as many schools or students as an RCT to produce…

Deke, John; Dragoset, Lisa

2012-01-01

441

Parents' participation in a work-based anti-poverty program can enhance their children's future orientation: understanding pathways of influence.  

PubMed

Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on youths' career-related thoughts and planning. The New Hope project was implemented in Milwaukee, WI, during the mid-1990s. 745 families participated (52% male children; 56% African American; 30% Latino, and 15% White non-Hispanic) and half were randomly selected to receive New Hope benefits, which included earnings supplements, job search assistance, and child and health care subsidies for 3 years. Importantly, effects on youths' future orientation were found 8 years after the program began (5 years after benefits ended). The present study investigates what factors sustained these positive impacts over time. Results indicate that parental perceptions of reading performance mediate the effects of New Hope on youths' cynicism about work. Additionally, parental perceptions of reading performance and youths' educational expectations mediate the effects of New Hope on boys' pessimism about future employment. These findings highlight the importance of youths' educational development to their career-related thoughts and planning. PMID:22878938

Purtell, Kelly M; McLoyd, Vonnie C

2012-08-10

442

The all-optical warship: design and integration considerations for a future electro-optical sensor suite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electro-optical sensor systems are fairly commonplace on naval vessels. However, these sensor systems are usually implemented as stand-alone systems or are minimally integrated in shipboard combat management systems, and are mostly used as secondary sensors. Therefore, it is difficult to include these systems in generic command and control concepts; on board they remain an operator aid at best. To facilitate integration in the future, this paper proposes a model of a warship with only EO sensors as its primary sensor suite. The question of whether such a ship is sufficiently capable in a modern naval theater is addressed, as well as specific sensor design challenges and the command and control concepts needed in order to maximize the performance of the proposed vessel.

Ten Holter, Koen P. A.; Scholte, Krispijn A.; Willekes MacDonald, Björn C.; Bolderheij, Fok

2011-05-01

443

Optical design and cryogenic mounting of the optics for a pyramid waterfront sensor working in the near infrared wavelength range  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the whole process of designing, manufacturing and assembling the optics for an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor, called PYRAMIR. This sensor is built to work with the adaptive optical system at the 3.5 m telescope of the Calar Alto Observatory, Spain, which controls a 97 actuator deformable mirror. PYRAMIR is working in combination with an infrared science camera, which is used for observations. Since the wavefront sensor works in the near infrared (1.0 ?m to 2.4 ?m), the detector, the optics and all the mechanics are cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature. For this cryogenic condition, special care has to be taken for the optical design and the mounting of the lenses. We describe in detail the process from infrared optical design and cryo-mechanical engineering, to the final assembly of the opto-mechanical units and testing in the lab. Technical solutions are illustrated and the final performance is demonstrated.

Bizenberger, P.; Baumeister, H.; Büchler Costa, J.; Peter, D.

2005-09-01

444

Operable Unit 3-14, Tank Farm Soil and INTEC Groundwater Remedial Design\\/Remedial Action Scope of Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Remedial Design\\/Remedial Action (RD\\/RA) Scope of Work pertains to OU 3-14 Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center and the Idaho National Laboratory and identifies the remediation strategy, project scope, schedule, and budget that implement the tank farm soil and groundwater remediation, in accordance with the May 2007 Record of Decision. Specifically, this RD\\/RA Scope of Work identifies and defines

D. E. Shanklin

2007-01-01

445

Work in progress - roller coaster design conceptualization for first-year engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students in the first-year engineering program at The Ohio State University are required to complete a quarter-long course which incorporates a team-based, design-build final project. Students are assigned to four-person teams and given the job of designing, building and testing a functional model roller coaster. Like all engineering designs, this project is subject to specified time and material constraints. Students

Michael E. Parke; Philip A. Schlosser; John A. Merrill

2008-01-01

446

The role of strategic context, operational requirements, and work design in in-house call centres in the financial sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore and describe associations between the strategic (market\\/industry) context, the operational requirements, and the work design of in-house, inbound call centres in the financial sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This cross-sectional study uses data from a survey conducted between February 2002 and September 2005 as part of the Global Call Centre Industry Project,

Christer Strandberg; Rolf Dalin

2010-01-01

447

Designing for Usability - Domain Specific Human-Computer Interfaces in Working Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the tremendous development and increasing availability of computers in work- ing life, severe usability problems are frequently observed, leading to bad user acceptan- ce, negative stress, anxiety, and even health problems for the users. We need to create a scientific foundation for the studies of humans interacting with computer systems to achieve a specific work task in a physical

JAN GULLIKSEN

448

Worked Example: How Scientific Accuracy in Game Design Stimulates Scientific Inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this worked example we present the importance of scientific accuracy in gaming environments that rely heavily on learning-based activities. This worked example focuses on WhyReef, a simulated coral reef in the virtual world of Whyville.net, which is targeted towards kids ages 8-16. Within WhyReef, kids are able to \\

Audrey Aronowsky; Beth Sanzenbacher; Johanna Thompson; Krystal Villanosa

2011-01-01

449

Articulation Work Supporting Information Infrastructure Design: Coordination, Categorization, and Assessment in Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Articulation work is a critical factor in information infrastructure building projects that involve multiple and diverse communities. It brings awareness of language differences, ramifications of definition and use of categories, as well as other coordination mechanisms. Articulation work is of particular relevance to scientific endeavors that have broadened in the past decade to encompass global scale research and now require

Karen S. Baker; Florence Millerand

2007-01-01

450

Design and Implementation of an Integrated Computer Working Environment for Doing Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we report on the sustained research and development work at the AMSTEL Institute of the University of Amsterdam to improve mathematics and science education at primary and secondary school level, which has lead amongst other things to the development of the integrated computer working environment Coach 6. This environment consists…

Heck, Andre; Kedzierska, Ewa; Ellermeijer, Ton

2009-01-01

451

Reinforcement loads in geosynthetic walls and the case for a new working stress design method  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides a synthesis of work by the writers that has the objective of developing a new working stress method for the calculation of reinforcement loads in geosynthetic reinforced soil walls. As a precursor to this objective, careful back-analyses of a database of instrumented and monitored full-scale field and laboratory walls are used to demonstrate that the current American

Richard J. Bathurst; Tony M. Allen; Dave L. Walters

2005-01-01

452

A diary study of work-related reading: design implications for digital reading devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe a diary study of how people read in the course of their daily working lives. Fifteen people from a wide variety of professions were asked to log their daily document activity for a period of 5 consecutive working days. Using structured interviews, we analysed their reading activities in detail. We examine the range of reading

Annette Adler; Anuj Gujar; Beverly L. Harrison; Kenton O'Hara; Abigail Sellen

1998-01-01

453

How to put cooperative work in context: Analysis and design requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work is a situated activity. Being effective in work activities requires awareness of the Organizational context (OC) where it is situated. In this paper we discuss three issues related to the above claim: • awareness requires both transparency and visibility of the OC. Moreover it requires that the representation of the OC, through which visibility and transparency are achieved, has

Giorgio De Michelis; M. Antonietta Grasso

1993-01-01

454

Industrial experience with design patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

A design pattern is a particular prose form of recording design information such that designs which have worked well in the past can be applied again in similar situations in the future. The availability of a collection of design patterns can help both the experienced and the novice designer recognize situations in which design reuse could or should occur. We

Kent Beck; Ron Crocker; Gerard Meszaros; John Vlissides; James O. Coplien; Lutz Dominick; Frances Paulisch

1996-01-01

455

Prototype Integrated Electric Thrusters for Work-Class Underwater Vehicles: Design Construction and Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The project has successfully met its objectives of developing methods and tools to optimize the design of a thruster and to demonstrate the viability of the concept. Electromagnetic and hydrodynamic analytical and computational methods for the design of the non -standard motor and the propeller (large gap and diameter\\/length ratio, bi -directional propeller and thicker duct), have been developed

Suleiman Abu Sharkh; Stephen Turnock; Richard Crowder; Paul Chappell

456

The Design of Curriculum Guidelines for Educational Ladders Using Task Data. Working Paper No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Health Services Mobility Study is engaged in the development of generic methodology to analyze health occupations at the professional, technical, and aide level, with the aim of providing a data base that could result in the design of job ladders, curriculum guidelines for educational ladders, and the design of performance evaluation…

Gullion, Christina; Gilpatrick, Eleanor

457

Making Learning Design Standards Work with an Ontology of Educational Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present an ontology of educational theories their relation to learning design. This ontology takes into account learning design (LD) specifications such as OUNL-EML and IMS-LD at the conceptual level (1), semantic web standards such as OWL at the formal level (2), as well as JAVA standards at the implementation level (3). This ontology is intended to

Valéry Psyché; Jacqueline Bourdeau; Roger Nkambou; Riichiro Mizoguchi

2005-01-01

458

Design considerations for a comprehensive regional energy information system. Working paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Regional Energy Information System concerns itself with decision making on sub-state, state, and regional levels in emergencies, for tactical decisions, and long-range strategic policies by both government and industry. Effective access to energy information is critical, and REIS is designed to provide a standardized data base with design goals, constraints, parameters, and schedules. The REIS system is being developed

J. D. Naumann; P. C. Knobloch; N. L. Chervany

1974-01-01

459

Cross-cultural user-interface design for work, home, play, and on the way  

Microsoft Academic Search

User interface design requires good visual design of metaphors, mental models, navigation, appearance, and interaction to represent data, functions, tasks, roles, organizations, and people. Techniques of simplicity, clarity, and consistency can improve the communication effectiveness of user interfaces for the Web, mobile devices and information appliances, and performance (productivity) tools. In particular, the use of appropriate typography, layout, color, animation,

Aaron Marcus

2001-01-01

460

Regression Discontinuity Designs: A Guide to Practice. NBER Working Paper No. 13039  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Regression Discontinuity (RD) designs for evaluating causal effects of interventions, assignment to a treatment is determined at least partly by the value of an observed covariate lying on either side of a fixed threshold. These designs were first introduced in the evaluation literature by Thistlewaite and Campbell (1960). With the exception…

Imbens, Guido; Lemieux, Thomas

2007-01-01

461

The Design of Curriculum Guidelines for Educational Ladders Using Task Data. Working Paper No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Health Services Mobility Study is engaged in the development of generic methodology to analyze health occupations at the professional, technical, and aide level, with the aim of providing a data base that could result in the design of job ladders, curriculum guidelines for educational ladders, and the design of performance evaluation…

Gullion, Christina; Gilpatrick, Eleanor

462

Work in progress - motivation for mathematics, using design with the Wright State model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first iteration of a freshman ¿applying mathematics to engineering design¿ course at Oklahoma State University was based on the successful national model of a freshman engineering math course designed at Wright State University. This course is addresses issues in transfer of mathematics to engineering, motivation, and retention. The course introduces engineering applications to algebra, linear algebra, trigonometry, sinusoids, differentiation,

Nick Oswald; Alan Cheville; Karen High

2009-01-01

463

Integrated ergonomics approach toward designing night and shift work in developing countries based on experiences in Bali, Indonesia.  

PubMed

Recently, the effort in carrying out an integrated ergonomics approach known as "SHIP" (systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary and participatory) approach has been intensively undertaken in Bali with the aim of sustaining improvements being done. The People's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia issued for the 1999-2004 period a "SHIP" Act on the Macro Guidelines of Tourism Development in which ergonomics and other factors must be considered comprehensively to attain sustainable development in tourism. Therefore the night and shift work that is recently increasingly applied in the tourism industry must also be designed and organized through this approach. In fact, however, economic factors have still been the predominant reason for workers to accept any type of night and shift work decided by the management, without taking into account possible impacts and consequences. For example, rapid forward rotation schemes seem more adapted to the hotel industry instead of traditional 6-6-6 rotation. Further, inter-city bus drivers are approved to work a 24-hour shift followed by one day off. These drivers often work an additional risky night shift after two consecutive night shifts so as to meet needed expenses for the family. Cultural or religious activities still presented constraints for workers as they carried out subsequently the night work. Therefore, proactive steps should be taken in a timely manner through the integrated SHIP approach in designing night and shift work so as to achieve work schedules compatible with both social life of shiftworkers and business concerns. PMID:14564879

Manuaba, A

2001-12-01

464

A Combined Field and Laboratory Design for Assessing the Impact of Night Shift Work on Police Officer Operational Performance  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study assessed the utility of a combined field and laboratory research design for measuring the impact of consecutive night shift work on the sleepiness, vigilance, and driving performance of police patrol officers. Design: For police patrol officers working their normal night shift duty cycles, simulated driving performance and psychomotor vigilance were measured in a laboratory on two separate occasions: in the morning after the last of five consecutive 10.7-h night shifts, and at the same time in the morning after three consecutive days off duty. Order of participation in conditions was randomized among subjects. Setting: Subjects experienced manipulation of sleep schedules due to working night shifts in a real operational environment, but performance testing was conducted under controlled laboratory conditions. Participants: N = 29 active-duty police patrol officers (27 male, 2 female; age 37.1 ± 6.3 years) working night shift schedules participated in this study. Results: Simulated driving performance, psychomotor vigilance, and subjective sleepiness were significantly degraded following 5 consecutive night shifts as compared to 3 consecutive days off duty, indicating that active-duty police officers are susceptible to performance degradation as a consequence of working nights. Conclusions: This combined field and laboratory research design succeeded in bridging the gap between the realism of the operational environment and the control of laboratory performance testing, demonstrating that this is a useful approach for addressing the relationship between shift work induced fatigue and critical operational task performance. Citation: Waggoner LB; Grant DA; Van Dongen HPA; Belenky G; Vila B. A combined field and laboratory design for assessing the impact of night shift work on police officer operational performance. SLEEP 2012;35(11):1575-1577.

Waggoner, Lauren B.; Grant, Devon A.; Van Dongen, Hans P. A.; Belenky, Gregory; Vila, Bryan

2012-01-01

465

Designing Effective Science Instruction: What Works in Science Classrooms (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science teachers, like all teachers, start each school year with high hopes and expectations for students to succeed. They plan their lessons, scramble to get the necessary equipment, and work hard to engage their students. However, despite good intention

Tweed, Anne

2009-10-13

466

Client-centered design of residential addiction and mental health care facilities: staff perceptions of their work environment.  

PubMed

In this article we discuss the findings from a series of focus groups conducted as part of a 3-year, mixed-method evaluation of clinical programs in a large mental health and substance use treatment facility in Canada. We examined the perceptions of clinical personnel on the physical design of new treatment units and the impact on service delivery and the work environment. The new physical design appeared to support client recovery and reduce stigma; however, it brought certain challenges. Participants reported a compromised ability to monitor clients, a lack of designated therapeutic spaces, and insufficient workspace for staff. They also thought that physical design positively facilitated communication and therapeutic relationships among clinicians and clients, and increased team cohesion. We suggest that, from these findings, new avenues for research on achieving the important balance between client and staff needs in health facility design can be explored. PMID:21725027

Novotná, Gabriela; Urbanoski, Karen A; Rush, Brian R

2011-07-01

467

Imagineering Future Learning Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational change can result in meaningful, holistic learning if communities educate constituents on the need for new societal and educational paradigms; begin a process of disorienting away from old school structures while orienting toward the new; develop a person-based educational philosophy; establish research and development learning…

Glines, Don

2000-01-01

468

Remedial design report and remedial action Work Plan for the 100HR3 Groundwater Operable Unit in situ redox manipulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents both the remedial design report and remedial action work plan for the deployment of In Situ Redox Manipulation as the selected alternative for remediation of a recently characterized chromium-contaminated groundwater plume west of the 100-D\\/DR Reactors within the 100-HR-3 Groundwater Operable Unit.

G. B. Mitchem

2000-01-01

469

Designing and Implementing a Marketing Plan To Preserve Early Childhood Services Needed by Full-Time Working Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effectiveness of a marketing plan designed to raise leadership awareness and support for adding four critical services to targeted early childhood programs: (1) childcare for children younger than 18 months; (2) extended hours to meet the needs of working parents; (3) 52 weeks of services each year; and (4) affordable…

Rose, Judith

470

Participative design science approach on the optimum work system: an argumentative review-based model with a case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the late 1960s, there has been an idea to separate explanatory and design sciences, and practical research within explanatory paradigm has been based to finding out what is part of reality. This article aims to build and trial an innovative procedure for improving work system in the small- and medium-sized enterprises. This article discusses three key issues according to

Hanna-Kaisa Rajala; Seppo Väyrynen

2010-01-01

471

The design of future central receiver power plants based on lessons learned from the Solar One Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The 10-MW{sub e} Solar One Pilot Plant was the world's largest solar central receiver power plant. During its power production years it delivered over 37,000 MWhrs (net) to the utility grid. In this type of electric power generating plant, large sun-tracking mirrors called heliostats reflect and concentrate sunlight onto a receiver mounted on top a of a tower. The receiver transforms the solar energy into thermal energy that heats water, turning it into superheated steam that drives a turbine to generate electricity. The Solar One Pilot Plant successfully demonstrated the feasibility of generating electricity with a solar central receiver power plant. During the initial 2 years the plant was tested and 4 years the plant was operated as a power plant, a great deal of data was collected relating to the efficiency and reliability of the plant's various systems. This paper summarizes these statistics and compares them to goals developed by the US Department of Energy. Based on this comparison, improvements in the design and operation of future central receiver plants are recommended. Research at Sandia National Laboratories and the US utility industry suggests that the next generation of central receiver power plants will use a molten salt heat transfer fluid rather than water/steam. Sandia has recently completed the development of the hardware needed in a molten salt power plant. Use of this new technology is expected to solve many of the performance problems encountered at Solar One. Projections for the energy costs from these future central receiver plants are also presented. For reference, these projections are compared to the current energy costs from the SEGS parabolic trough plants now operating in Southern California.

Kolb, G.J.

1991-01-01

472

Working group 4 of International Standardization Organization -experience of developing the standards of space environment: status of 2010 and roadmap for the future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the beginning of 90's space environment international standards have been developed within the scope of ISO WG4 activities. This has been the first attempt to develop interna-tional standards of physical phenomena of natural environment such as galactic cosmic rays (GCR), solar energetic particles (SEP), the Earth's magnetic field, the ionosphere, the plasma-sphere, etc. The main difficulty faced when developing the international standards is the lack of common methods for characterizing many natural phenomena. However, if methods have been successfully developed, such standards can play an outstanding role in the engineering requirements for spacecraft designs. This report is a survey of the current status of the inter-national standards under development within the scope of the WG4 activity plan and roadmap for the future.

Panasyuk, Mikhail; Tobiska, W. Kent

473

Virtual patient design: exploring what works and why. A grounded theory study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Virtual patients (VPs) are online representations of clinical cases used in medical education. Widely adopted, they are well placed to teach clinical reasoning skills. International technology standards mean VPs can be created, shared and repurposed between institutions. A systematic review has highlighted the lack of evidence to support which of the numerous VP designs may be effective, and why. We set out to research the influence of VP design on medical undergraduates. Methods This is a grounded theory study into the influence of VP design on undergraduate medical students. Following a review of the literature and publicly available VP cases, we identified important design properties. We integrated them into two substantial VPs produced for this research. Using purposeful iterative sampling, 46 medical undergraduates were recruited to participate in six focus groups. Participants completed both VPs, an evaluation and a 1-hour focus group discussion. These were digitally recorded, transcribed and analysed using grounded theory, supported by computer-assisted analysis. Following open, axial and selective coding, we produced a theoretical model describing how students learn from VPs. Results We identified a central core phenomenon designated ‘learning from the VP’. This had four categories: VP Construction; External Preconditions; Student–VP Interaction, and Consequences. From these, we constructed a three-layer model describing the interactions of students with VPs. The inner layer consists of the student's cognitive and behavioural preconditions prior to sitting a case. The middle layer considers the VP as an ‘encoded object’, an e-learning artefact and as a ‘constructed activity’, with associated pedagogic and organisational elements. The outer layer describes cognitive and behavioural change. Conclusions This is the first grounded theory study to explore VP design. This original research has produced a model which enhances understanding of how and why the delivery and design of VPs influence learning. The model may be of practical use to authors, institutions and researchers.

Bateman, James; Allen, Maggie; Samani, Dipti; Kidd, Jane; Davies, David

2013-01-01

474

Design of Incentive System of University Employment Work Based on Situations under Information Asymmetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on analyzing the current employment incentive system of the university of China, this paper develops a practical incentive compatibility model of employment work. This model solves the defect of employment incentive system of some universities of China. The defect is that because of information asymmetry, the employment rate given by university manager is not incentive compatible probably, and thus

Changqing Li; Cungang Li; Yan Zheng

2009-01-01

475

Blue Marsh Lake, Bernville Protective Works. Design Memorandum Number 13 Schuylkill River basin. Tulpehocken Creek, Pennsylvania.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Construction of protective works for the Borough of Bernville is necessary to relieve that community of flooding hazards created by the construction of the Blue Marsh Dam and Lake project. Below elevation 300 at the proposed project site lies a relatively...

1975-01-01

476

Design Criteria for Work-Based Learning: Merrill's First Principles of Instruction Expanded  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In multinational corporations, new models of learning are developing. A particular model with direct applications for challenges facing distributed workforces is one that combines the strengths of formal and informal learning while focusing on participants' work-based tasks. An operationalisation of this model in the context of the ongoing…

Collis, Betty; Margaryan, Anoush

2005-01-01

477

Designing task visualizations to support the coordination of work in software development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software development tools primarily focus on supporting the technical work. Yet no matter the tools employed, the process followed, or the size of the team, important aspects of development are non-technical, and largely unsupported. For example, increasing distribution of development teams highlights the issues of coordination and cooperation. This paper focuses on one area: managing change requests. Interviews with industry

Christine A. Halverson; Jason B. Ellis; Catalina Danis; Wendy A. Kellogg

2006-01-01

478

The Working Postures among Schoolchildren--Controlled Intervention Study on the Effects of Newly Designed Workstations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: School workstations are often inappropriate in not offering an optimal sitting posture. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of individually adjustable saddle-type chairs with wheels and desks with comfort curve and arm support on schoolchildren's working postures compared to conventional workstations. Methods:…

Saarni, Lea; Nygrd, Clas-H kan; Rimpel, Arja; Nummi, Tapio; Kaukiainen, Anneli

2007-01-01

479

Design, Development, and Validation of Anticipation Games. Working Paper 16.14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the development of games which provide teacher-trainees with experience in anticipating the response of different types of handicapped children to different tasks, and reported are results of four studies evaluating the effects of such games. It is explained that the games are designed to improve understanding of students and that…

Semmel, Melvyn I.; Thiagarajan, Sivasailam

480

Computer Assisted Instructional Design for Computer-Based Instruction. Final Report. Working Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent advances in artificial intelligence and the cognitive sciences have made it possible to develop successful intelligent computer-aided instructional systems for technical and scientific training. In addition, computer-aided design (CAD) environments that support the rapid development of such computer-based instruction have also been…

Russell, Daniel M.; Pirolli, Peter

481

Introducing experimental design by evaluating efficacy of herbal remedies (Do herbal remedies really work?)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based upon experiments developed as part of a Directed Research course designed to provide undergraduate biology students experience in the principles and processes of the scientific method used in biological research. The project involved the evaluation of herbal remedies used in many parts of the world in the treatment of diseases producing diarrhea as a major symptom.

Robert A. Smith; Laura Pontiggia; Carrie Waterman; Meghan Lichtenwalner

2010-01-01

482

International Workforce Initiatives: Definitions, Design Options, and Project Profiles. Working Paper Series. No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is intended for three primary audiences: international development professionals who want to define "workforce" for program design purposes, those who seek information about field activities, and those who want to reflect on the implementation of successful, high impact programs--whether they were broad-based or sector-specific…

Wright, J.W., Jr.

2010-01-01

483

Will Value Based Benefit Design Work for Medicare Beneficiaries with Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined potential cost savings to the Medicare program associated with a “value based” approach to prescription drug benefit design (VBBD). Adherence to statin therapy has been demonstrated to reduce medical costs for Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes. Reductions in drug plan out of pocket (OOP) prices may increase medication adherence, increasing total and plan spending, but with cost offsets for

Amy Davidoff; Ruth Lopert; Bruce Stuart; Thomas Shaffer; Jennifer Lloyd; J. Samantha Shoemaker

2010-01-01

484

Cognitive Models of Scientific Work and Their Implications for the Design of Knowledge Delivery Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part of a sustained program that has involved the design of personally tailored information systems responsive to the needs of scientists performing common research and teaching tasks, this project focuses on the procedural and content requirements for accomplishing need diagnosis and presents these requirements as specifications for an…

Mavor, A. S.; And Others

485

Experience based design: a practical method of working with patients to redesign services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe a study which aims to provide an alternative approach to clinical governance. This involves patients in redesigning services based on their actual experiences of health services. This will be of interest to front line health care staff and public and patient involvement leads. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper illustrates Experience Based

John Pickles; Elaine Hide; Lynne Maher

2008-01-01

486

The Design of Conferences and the Evolving Role of Democratic Dialogue in Changing Working Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of encounters of various types, such as workshops and conferences is, today, very common in organizational change projects. The design of encounters can be guided by different types of theory. In Norway, a development has occurred which implies the application of democratic theory to encounters. They are used for the explicit purpose of training the participants in democratic

Bjirn Gustavsen; Per H. Engelstad

1986-01-01

487

Introducing Experimental Design by Evaluating Efficacy of Herbal Remedies (Do Herbal Remedies Really Work?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is based upon experiments developed as part of a Directed Research course designed to provide undergraduate biology students experience in the principles and processes of the scientific method used in biological research. The project involved the evaluation of herbal remedies used in many parts of the world in the treatment of diseases…

Smith, Robert A.; Pontiggia, Laura; Waterman, Carrie; Lichtenwalner, Meghan

2010-01-01

488

Get Organized at Work! A Look inside the Game Design Process of Valve and Linden Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article considers the configuration of modular and temporary organization designs. By drawing on two prominent developer firms, namely, Valve Inc. and Linden Lab, respectively, "cabals" and "studios" are explored. The results of interviews conducted with employees of these firms are used as evidence. The article demonstrates that, to various…

van der Graaf, Shenja

2012-01-01

489

Integration of RAMS and risk analysis in product design and development work processes : A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most industrial customers are looking for products that meet the functional performance needs and have predictable life cycle cost (LCC). Due to design problems and poor product support, these systems are not able to meet the customers' requirements. Major causes of customer dissatisfaction are often traced back to unexpected failures, leading to unexpected costs. However, with proper consideration of reliability,

Tore Markeset; Uday Kumar

2003-01-01

490

Introducing Experimental Design by Evaluating Efficacy of Herbal Remedies (Do Herbal Remedies Really Work?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based upon experiments developed as part of a Directed Research course designed to provide undergraduate biology students experience in the principles and processes of the scientific method used in biological research. The project involved the evaluation of herbal remedies used in many parts of the world in the treatment of diseases…

Smith, Robert A.; Pontiggia, Laura; Waterman, Carrie; Lichtenwalner, Meghan

2010-01-01

491

FEA-Aided Design for a Working Model of a Split Florida-Helix  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NHMFL is developing a high-field split resistive magnet for use in far-infrared photon scattering experiments. The magnet will include four large scattering ports of elliptical shape at the midplane. Such a magnet configuration results in unique design challenges being especially severe for the windings in the midplane region of the innermost coils. Consequently, the NHMFL developed a new technology

Jack Toth; Mark D. Bird

2008-01-01

492

Studies of Work: Achieving Hybrid Disciplines in IT Design and Management Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the relationship between ethnomethodology (EM), ethnography and the needs of managers and designers in industry, considering both ethnomethodological and industrial criteria of adequacy and explicating their relationship through the concept of “audience.” We examine a range of studies in this light, with a view to their possible candidacy as hybrid studies and identify three types of application of

John Rooke; David Seymour

2005-01-01

493

Get Organized at Work! A Look inside the Game Design Process of Valve and Linden Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the configuration of modular and temporary organization designs. By drawing on two prominent developer firms, namely, Valve Inc. and Linden Lab, respectively, "cabals" and "studios" are explored. The results of interviews conducted with employees of these firms are used as evidence. The article demonstrates that, to various…

van der Graaf, Shenja

2012-01-01

494

C. E. M. -The Alfa Romeo engine management system-Design concepts-Trends for the future  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the CEM, an original electronic engine management system developed by Alfa Romeo which has the task of controlling fuel injection, ignition and other boundary functions. This system has been designed particularly for high specific power output engines, as typical Alfa Romeo engines are; hence it includes timed sequential fuel injection and a set of sensors and actuators that were chosen aiming in particular at fast engine response. The CEM system has been defined and tested on all the engines of the Alfa Romeo range; it has also made possible the development of new control techniques such as the modular engine. In order to improve the performance characteristics and to obtain additional control features a second generation CEM is now under development. The future system will use the spin-offs of studies now in progress on adaptive controls based on detection of the pressure cycles and ionization inside cylinders to achieve a direct control of combustion. This should enable the optimization of engine behaviour during its whole life.

Bassi, A.; Arcari, F.; Perrone, F.

1985-01-01

495

Lattice design for the future ERL-based electron hadron colliders eRHIC and LHeC  

SciTech Connect

We present a lattice design of a CW Electron Recovery Linacs (ERL) for future electron hadron colliders eRHIC and LHeC. In eRHIC, an six-pass ERL installed in the existing Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) tunnel will collide 5-30 GeV polarized electrons with RHIC's 50-250 (325) GeV polarized protons or 20-100 (130) GeV/u heavy ions. In LHeC a stand-along, 3-pass 60 GeV CW ERL will collide polarized electrons with 7 TeV protons. After collision, electron beam energy is recovered and electrons are dumped at low energy. Two superconducting linacs are located in the two straight sections in both ERLs. The multiple arcs are made of Flexible Momentum Compaction lattice (FMC) allowing adjustable momentum compaction for electrons with different energies. The multiple arcs, placed above each other, are matched to the two linac's straight sections with splitters and combiners.

Trbojevic, D.; Beebe-Wang, J.; Hao, Y.; Litvinenko, V.N.; Ptitsyn, V.; Kayran, D.; Tsoupas, N.

2011-03-28

496

Participatory Action Research in the Implementing Process of Evidence-Based Intervention to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Project Design of the "Healthy Future" Study  

PubMed Central

Objective. To describe the design of the developmental project Healthy Future that aims to implement a new evidence-based program for the prevention of childhood obesity and collaboration and sharing of work between specialist and community health care professionals in parts of a county in western Norway. Methods. Comprehensive participatory planning and evaluation (CPPE) process as an action-oriented research approach was chosen, using mixed data sources, mixed methods, and triangulation. Discussion. A bottom-up approach might decrease the barriers when new evidence-based childhood prevention interventions are going to be implemented. It is crucial not only to build partnership and shared understanding, motivation, and vision, but also to consider the frames of the organizations, such as competencies, and time to carry out the interventions at the right level of health care service and adapt to the overweight children and their families needs. Conclusion. The developmental process of new health care programs is complex and multileveled and requires a framework to guide the process. By CPPE approach evidence-based health care practice can be delivered based on research, user knowledge, and provider knowledge in the field of childhood overweight and obesity in a certain context.

Stormark, Kjell Morten

2013-01-01

497

Workplace Design, Complementarities among Work Practices, and the Formation of Key Competencies: Evidence from Italian Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author analyzes the extent to which High Performance Workplace Practices (HPWP) act as a mediating variable between High Performance Work Organization (HPWO) and the economic outcomes of firms in developing workers’ key competencies, which include higher order cognition, problem-solving, and self-reflexivity. Using a large survey of Italian employees drawn from a government-constructed database, the author finds that HPWPs that

Riccardo Leoni

2012-01-01

498

Contentious issues in research on trafficked women working in the sex industry: study design, ethics, and methodology.  

PubMed

The trafficking of women and children for work in the globalized sex industry is a global social problem. Quality data is needed to provide a basis for legislation, policy, and programs, but first, numerous research design, ethical, and methodological problems must be addressed. Research design issues in studying women trafficked for sex work (WTSW) include how to (a) develop coalitions to fund and support research, (b) maintain a critical stance on prostitution, and therefore WTSW (c) use multiple paradigms and methods to accurately reflect WTSW's reality, (d) present the purpose of the study, and (e) protect respondents' identities. Ethical issues include (a) complications with informed consent procedures, (b) problematic access to WTSW (c) loss of WTSW to follow-up, (d) inability to intervene in illegal acts or human rights violations, and (e) the need to maintain trustworthiness as researchers. Methodological issues include (a) constructing representative samples, (b) managing media interest, and (c) handling incriminating materials about law enforcement and immigration. PMID:19827235

Cwikel, Julie; Hoban, Elizabeth

2005-11-01

499

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN FOR A RADICALLY SMALLER, HIGHLY ADAPTIVE AND APPLICATION-FLEXIBLE MINING MACHINE FOR UTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT WORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research project was to develop a preliminary ''conceptual design'' for a radically smaller, highly adaptive and application-flexible underground coal mining machine, for performing non-production utility work and\\/or also undertake limited production mining for the recovery of reserves that would otherwise be lost. Whereas historically, mining philosophies have reflected a shift to increasing larger mechanized systems [such

Andrew H. Stern

2004-01-01