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1

A participatory process supporting design of future work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates how a participatory design process has developed as a result of empirical studies with workers. The view on design as a process presented here necessitates an explicit analysis of work where both workers and designers participate. The analysis gives workers a possibility to reflect on present and future work practices and to evaluate effects in advance. Moreover,

Eva Olsson; Niklas Johansson; Jan Gullikssen; Bengt Sandblad

2

Future work design research and practice: Towards an elaborated model of work design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developments in work design theory have not kept pace with the changes occurring in the organizational landscape. We propose a theoretical framework that specié es é ve categories of work design variables that span individual, group and organizational levels of analysis. Specié cally, we propose an elaborated model of work design that includes: systematic consideration of antecedents of work characteristics;

Sharon K. Parker; Toby D. Wall; John L. Cordery

2001-01-01

3

Future integrated design process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design process is one of the sources used to produce requirements for a computer system to integrate and manage product design data, program management information, and technical computation and engineering data management activities of the aerospace design process. Design activities were grouped chronologically and explored for activity type, activity interface, data quantity, and data flow. The work was based on analysis of the design process of several typical aerospace products, including both conventional and supersonic airplanes and a hydrofoil design. Activities examined included research, preliminary design, detail design, manufacturing interface, product verification, and product support. The design process was then described in an IPAD environment--the future.

Meyer, D. D.

1980-01-01

4

The Future of Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Manpower, a global employment services company with operations in over 67 countries, engages every day with the economic and business trends that are reshaping enterprises worldwide. As a partner in workforce development projects, Manpower has also seen the impact of these trends on the design of effective training and employment initiatives for…

Minic, Branka; Varney, Rich

2005-01-01

5

Future Work II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at changes in the manager's role due to technological advancement in the workplace. Discusses wider range of uses for computers (analysis, decision making, communications, planning, tracking trends), importance of supervisor training, cyberphobia (fear of new technology), cyberphrenia (addiction to new technology), and the effect of a work…

Harris, Philip R.

1985-01-01

6

Educating future social work administrators  

E-print Network

Healey explore the climate of the academic community in which future social work administrators are educated. They look closely at the tensions surrounding the preparation of administrators in an educational environment primarily concerned... with the preparation of clinicians. In addition to the broad concern about the organizational climates of schools of social work, there are multiple curriculum isues facing faculty who teach students of administration. Some focus on the role of theory for practice...

Ezell, Mark; Austin, M. J.

2004-01-01

7

Designing future photovoltaic systems  

SciTech Connect

The large scale use of photovoltaic systems to generate our electricity is a dream for the future; but if this dream is to be realized, we must understand these systems today. As a result, there has been extensive research into the design and economic tradeoffs of utility interconnected photovoltaic applications. The understanding gained in this process has shown that photovoltaic system design can be a very simple and straight-forward endeavor. This paper reviews those past studies and shows how we have reached the present state of system design evolution. The concept of the utility interactive PV system with energy value determined by the utility's avoided cost will be explored. This concept simplifies the screening of potential applications for economic viability, and we will present several rules-of-thumb for this purpose.

Jones, G.J.

1984-01-01

8

Designing for nomadic work  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Nomadic work, an extreme form of mobile work, is becoming increasingly prevalent in organizations. Yet so far ,there has not been enough ,research attention on the ,particular challenges that nomadic,workers ,face in order ,to design ,support for their work practices. We employed,ethnographic interviews and observations tounderstand,nomadic ,work ,practices. Drawing ,from strategies for,survival ,of pastoralist ,nomads ,to guide ,our ,design

Norman Makoto Su; Gloria Mark

2008-01-01

9

OECD Work on Future Educational Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing school buildings to respond to change is not a new idea. But perhaps what is different today is the kind and degree of change which we have to anticipate. The OECD is carrying out projects that can help in the planning and design of future educational facilities--exploring trends in education and studying innovative learning…

Theisens, Henno; Benavides, Francisco; Dumont, Hanna

2008-01-01

10

Adult Learning and the Future of Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 15 papers: "Introduction" (Madhu Singh); "Adult Learning and the Transformation of Work" (Paul Belanger); "Future of Work and Adult Learning" (Ettore Gelpi); "The Obligation of Education in the Face of Globalisation" (Nicole Arnaud); "Lifelong Learning and Vocational Education and Training: A Teacher's and Trade Union View"…

Singh, Madhu, Ed.

11

Telecommuters: the work force of the future.  

PubMed

Telecommuters are the work force of the future. The dawning of the information age, with its explosion of telecommunication technology, presents new opportunities for healthcare agencies to extend their borders far beyond traditional physical boundaries. The virtual workplace can become a reality and position healthcare agencies to be geographically dispersed throughout their community. The authors describe a pioneering effort to use telecommunications to retain a valuable employee and create a healthcare agency's first virtual workplace. Strategies for success in telecommuting also are provided from both the telecommuter's and the manager's viewpoints. PMID:7636575

Yancer, D A; Moe, J K

1995-01-01

12

Molecular Nanotechnology and Designs of Future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reviewing the status of current approaches and future projections, as already published in the scientific journals and books, the talk will summarize the direction in which computational and experimental molecular nanotechnologies are progressing. Examples of nanotechnological approach to the concepts of design and simulation of atomically precise materials in a variety of interdisciplinary areas will be presented. The concepts of hypothetical molecular machines and assemblers as explained in Drexler's and Merckle's already published work and Han et. al's WWW distributed molecular gears will be explained.

Srivastava, Deepak; Chancellor, Marisa K. (Technical Monitor)

1997-01-01

13

DASH: The Future of Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the Design and Architecture Senior High (DASH). At DASH, educators instill in students that design is a unique answer to a problem. While fine art is a personal statement made for one's personal pleasure and vision, design addresses a problem and meets or exceeds clients' needs. "Education by Design" is the philosophy behind…

Ellyn, Tracy

2008-01-01

14

A design advisor for future CAD systems  

E-print Network

Subject: Mechanical Engineering A DESIGN ADVISOR FOR FUTURE CAD SYSTEMS A Thesis by SARATHY P. VIJAY Approved as to style and content by: Christian P. Burger (Chair of Committee) Peter H. Gien (Member) Thomas Linehan (Member) Walter F. B dley... (Head of Department) December 1990 ABSTRACT A Design Advisor for Future CAD Systems. (December 1990) Sarathy P. Vijay, B. E. , Bharathiyar University, India. Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Christian P. Burger Design is a. process in which...

Vijay, Sarathy P.

2012-06-07

15

Essays on the workings and uses of futures markets  

E-print Network

This dissertation investigates various issues of interest regarding the workings and uses of commodity futures markets. Chapter II evaluates the relative performances of various estimators of bid-ask spreads in futures markets using commonly...

Bryant, Henry L., IV

2004-09-30

16

Working with Children to Protect Our Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author has been teaching primary school children for 20 years, and has always been passionate about teaching young people about the environment. In this article, he describes his work with Tetra Pak and WWF-UK to develop a national, school-based competition and teaching programme to help children understand the importance of using renewable…

Williams, Nick

2011-01-01

17

Designing the University of the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the future physical layout of the university in view of the profound social and cultural changes of our time that are affecting the structure of higher education in general and universities in particular. We suggest that the basic architectural prototypes of university design should be re-examined in view of these changes.…

Hashimshony, Rifca; Haina, Jacov

2006-01-01

18

The Work Design Method for Human Friendly  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to realize “the product life cycle with respect for human nature". we ought to make work design so that work environment should be configured to be sound in mind and body, with due consideration of not only physical but also mental factors from the viewpoint of workers. The former includes too heavy work, unreasonable working posture, local fatigue of the body, the safety, and working comfort, and the latter includes work motivation, work worthiness, stress, etc. For the purpose of evaluating the degree of working comfort and safety at human-oriented production lines, we acknowledged, for the work design, the effectiveness of the work designing technique with working time variation duly considered. And, we formulated a model for a mental factor experienced by workers from the degree of working delays. This study covers a work design technique we developed with the effect of the factor as the value of evaluation.

Harada, Narumi; Sasaki, Masatoshi; Ichikawa, Masami

19

Design or "Design"--Envisioning a Future Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenging the common grand vision of Design, this article considers "design" as a humble re-forming process based on evidence to substantiate its results. The designer is likened to a tinker who respects previous iterations of a design and seeks to retain what is useful while improving its performance. A design process is offered, illustrated…

Sless, David

2012-01-01

20

An Evaluation Model for Graphic Design Works  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study is to explore and develop a model for the evaluation of graphic design works. A total of 25 graphic design works constituting with five circles in different sizes and locations were assessed with 75 designers in 10 evaluation criteria of graphic design by a 9-point scale system. A factor analysis was used to reduce the number of

Yin-Tzu Chen; Dengchuan Cai; HsinFu Huang; Jane Kuo

21

Designing a Package that Works  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Student teams act as engineers and brainstorm, design, create and test their ideas for packaging to protect a raw egg shipped in a 9 x 12-in envelope. They follow the steps of the engineering design process and aim for a successful solution with no breakage, low weight, minimal materials and recyled/reused materials. Students come to understand the multi-faceted engineering considerations associated with the packaging of items to preserve, market and safely transport goods.

Making the Connection, Women in Engineering Programs and Advocates Network (WEPAN) ,

22

The Future of Work. Curriculum Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Future of Work project grew out of an essay of the same title by Frithjof Bergmann, a philosophy professor at the University of Michigan. In spring 1983, Professor Bergmann and a colleague, Richard Gull, founded the Center for New Work of Flint in Michigan, where the problems besieging the U.S. auto industry were focusing attention on the…

Center for New Work of Flint, MI.

23

Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable  

E-print Network

Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy Systems Future Grid the Future Electric Energy System #12;Technology Challenges in Designing the Future Grid to Enable Summary This white paper synthesizes technology challenges for reaching a vision of the future grid that

24

FUTURE WORK Future research will focus on overcoming some of the more obvious  

E-print Network

, Research Support Lab, GIS Services METHODS The ISODATA (Iterative Self-Organizing Data Analysis TechniqueFUTURE WORK Future research will focus on overcoming some of the more obvious deficiencies with the technique presented here. There are two major deficiencies. The first is that the land use classes

Hall, Sharon J.

25

Aerodynamic Design Opportunities for Future Supersonic Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A discussion of a diverse set of aerodynamic opportunities to improve the aerodynamic performance of future supersonic aircraft has been presented and discussed. These ideas are offered to the community in a hope that future supersonic vehicle development activities will not be hindered by past efforts. A number of nonlinear flow based drag reduction technologies are presented and discussed. The subject technologies are related to the areas of interference flows, vehicle concepts, vortex flows, wing design, advanced control effectors, and planform design. The authors also discussed the importance of improving the aerodynamic design environment to allow creativity and knowledge greater influence. A review of all of the data presented show that pressure drag reductions on the order of 50 to 60 counts are achievable, compared to a conventional supersonic cruise vehicle, with the application of several of the discussed technologies. These drag reductions would correlate to a 30 to 40% increase in cruise L/D (lift-to-drag ratio) for a commercial supersonic transport.

Wood, Richard M.; Bauer, Steven X. S.; Flamm, Jeffrey D.

2002-01-01

26

Bounding the Spacecraft Atmosphere Design Space for Future Exploration Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The selection of spacecraft and space suit atmospheres for future human space exploration missions will play an important, if not critical, role in the ultimate safety, productivity, and cost of such missions. Internal atmosphere pressure and composition (particularly oxygen concentration) influence many aspects of spacecraft and space suit design, operation, and technology development. Optimal atmosphere solutions must be determined by iterative process involving research, design, development, testing, and systems analysis. A necessary first step in this process is the establishment of working bounds on the atmosphere design space.

Lange, Kevin E.; Perka, Alan T.; Duffield, Bruce E.; Jeng, Frank F.

2005-01-01

27

Present status and future of the sophisticated work station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The excellency of the work station is explained, by comparing the functions of software and hardware of work station with those of personal computer. As one of the examples utilizing the functions of work station, desk top publishing is explained. By describing the competition between the Group of ATT · Sun Microsystems which intends to have the leadership by integrating Berkeley version which is most popular at this moment and System V version, and the group led by IBM, future of UNIX as OS of work station is predicted. Development of RISC processor, TRON Plan and Sigma Projects by MITI are also mentioned as its background.

Ishida, Haruhisa

28

Designing today's hospital for the future.  

PubMed

About 8,000 visitors each day are treated to the serene beauty of a four-story, sky-lit atrium, decorated with maple and cherrywood walls, flowering plants, towering evergreens, two fountains, and river-patterned porcelain tile that flows along the entryway. This is the entrance to Genesys Regional Medical Center-Health Park in Grand Blanc, Mich., often mistaken for a hotel. When designing the new 379-bed inpatient hospital, Genesys envisioned a facility that reflected a peaceful, comforting, homelike setting for patients and visitors. This vision, inspired by the spiritual values of the Sisters of St. Joseph, the Genesys sponsors, is now a reality. Having a vision and making it happen, however, was no small undertaking, says author Mark Harris of Genesys Health System. The labor-intensive, evolutionary process took several years and thousands of people. In this article, Harris describes many of the building project considerations involved in designing a hospital of the future. PMID:10176188

Harris, M

1997-12-01

29

Organizational Response to Conflict: Future Conflict and Work Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how on organization's response to conflict affected the amount and intensity of future conflict and negative work outcomes. In this cross-sectional study of 3,374 government service workers, bivariate correlations and multiple regressions revealed associations between managers' conflict-handling style (CHS)…

Meyer, Susan

2004-01-01

30

Future time perspective and promotion focus as determinants of intraindividual change in work motivation.  

PubMed

In the near future, workforces will increasingly consist of older workers. At the same time, research has demonstrated that work-related growth motives decrease with age. Although this finding is consistent with life span theories, such as the selection optimization and compensation (SOC) model, we know relatively little about the process variables that bring about this change in work motivation. Therefore, we use a 4-wave study design to examine the mediating role of future time perspective and promotion focus in the negative association between age and work-related growth motives. Consistent with the SOC model, we found that future time perspective was negatively associated with age, which, in turn, was associated with lower promotion focus, lower work-related growth motive strength, and lower motivation to continue working. These findings have important theoretical implications for the literature on aging and work motivation, and practical implications for how to motivate older workers. PMID:24956000

Kooij, Dorien T A M; Bal, P Matthijs; Kanfer, Ruth

2014-06-01

31

Brahms: Simulating Practice for Work Systems Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

A continuing problem in business today is the design of human–computer systems that respect how work actually gets done. The overarching context of work consists ofactivities, which people conceive as ways of organizing their daily life and especially their interactions with each other. Activities include reading mail, going to workshops, meeting with colleagues over lunch, answering phone calls, and so

William J. Clancey; Patricia Sachs; Maarten Sierhuis; Ron van Hoof

1996-01-01

32

Future Remains: Industrial Heritage at the Hanford Plutonium Works  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation argues that U.S. environmental and historic preservation regulations, industrial heritage projects, history, and art only provide partial frameworks for successfully transmitting an informed story into the long range future about nuclear technology and its related environmental legacy. This argument is important because plutonium from nuclear weapons production is toxic to humans in very small amounts, threatens environmental health, has a half-life of 24, 110 years and because the industrial heritage project at Hanford is the first time an entire U.S. Department of Energy weapons production site has been designated a U.S. Historic District. This research is situated within anthropological interest in industrial heritage studies, environmental anthropology, applied visual anthropology, as well as wider discourses on nuclear studies. However, none of these disciplines is really designed or intended to be a completely satisfactory frame of reference for addressing this perplexing challenge of documenting and conveying an informed story about nuclear technology and its related environmental legacy into the long range future. Others have thought about this question and have made important contributions toward a potential solution. Examples here include: future generations movements concerning intergenerational equity as evidenced in scholarship, law, and amongst Native American groups; Nez Perce and Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation responses to the Hanford End State Vision and Hanford's Canyon Disposition Initiative; as well as the findings of organizational scholars on the advantages realized by organizations that have a long term future perspective. While these ideas inform the main line inquiry of this dissertation, the principal approach put forth by the researcher of how to convey an informed story about nuclear technology and waste into the long range future is implementation of the proposed Future Remains clause, as originated by the author, by amendment to two U.S. federal laws: National Historic Preservation Act and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. The dissertation provides a case study in public anthropology. The findings of the dissertation include recommendations whereby the Future Remains clause gives historic preservation and cultural resources a leading and ongoing role in facilitating real-time forward looking historical documentation at environmental restoration projects at United States National Priorities List (i.e., "Superfund") sites.

Freer, Brian

33

Future craft: how digital media is transforming product design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The open and collective traditions of the interaction community have created new opportunities for product designers to engage in the social issues around industrial production. This paper introduces Future Craft, a design methodology which applies emerging digital tools and processes to product design toward new objects that are socially and environmentally sustainable. We present the results of teaching the Future

Leonardo Bonanni; Amanda J. Parkes; Hiroshi Ishii

2008-01-01

34

Making design work – Sustainability, Product Design and Social Equity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the relationship between the product designer, sustainability and the creation of good quality work within the manufacturing sector. When the principles of sustainability are applied to the nature of employment it points to a new direction for design and product production where ethics, environmental issues and social wellbeing become far more important criteria for 'success' than is

Stuart Walker; Ed Dorsa

2001-01-01

35

Energy Efficient School Designed for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When completed, the planned Greeley Elementary School will be able to accommodate any future changes in enrollment and technological developments, while maintaining a constant energy efficient heating and cooling operation. (Author/MLF)

Modern Schools, 1977

1977-01-01

36

Measuring how design changes cognition at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The various fields associated with interactive software systems engage in design activities to enable people who would use the resulting systems to meet goals, coordinate with others, find meaning, and express themselves in myriad ways. Yet many development projects fail, and we all have contact with clumsy software-based systems that force work-arounds and impose substantial attentional, knowledge and workload burdens.

David Woods

2007-01-01

37

Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this review paper, "Adolescent Sexual Education: Designing Curriculum That Works", is to present some basic curriculum necessities for developing an in-school sexual education program that results in decreasing the number of teenagers initiating sex, thus reducing the number of teen pregnancies and cases of sexually transmitted…

Quincy, Michael L.

2009-01-01

38

Schools of the Future and Sustainable Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis examines what practices schools and school districts need to adopt if they want to apply sustainable design principles to their new schools and the benefits these design practices offer school communities. The paper argues that school districts will benefit from these design principles, and that these benefits will occur because…

Fox, Anne Webster

39

Making light work: illuminating the future of biomedical optics.  

PubMed

In 1996, the Royal Society held a Discussion Meeting entitled 'Near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging of living systems'. In 2010, this topic was revisited in a Theo Murphy Royal Society Scientific Discussion Meeting entitled 'Making light work: illuminating the future of biomedical optics'. The second meeting provided the opportunity for leading researchers to reflect on how the technology, methods and applications have evolved over the past 14 years and assess where they have made a major impact. Particular emphasis was placed on discussions of future prospects and associated challenges. This Introduction provides an overview of the state of the art of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and biomedical optics, with specific reference to the contributed papers from the invited speakers included in this issue. Importantly, we also reflect on the contributions from all of the attendees by highlighting the issues raised during oral presentations, facilitated panel sessions and discussions, and use these to summarize the current opinion on the development and application of optical systems for use in the clinical and life sciences. A notable outcome from the meeting was a plan to establish a biennial international conference for developers and users of NIRS technologies. PMID:22006895

Elwell, Clare E; Cooper, Chris E

2011-11-28

40

Fundamental design issues for the future Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet has been a startling and dramatic success. Originally designed to link together a small group of researchers, the Internet is now used by many millions of people. However, multimedia applications, with their novel traffic characteristics and service requirements, pose an interesting challenge to the technical foundations of the Internet. We address some of the fundamental architectural design issues

Scott Shenker

1995-01-01

41

Component-based design for the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivation. The specific root causes of the design problems that are haunting system companies such as automotive and avionics companies are complex and relate to a number of issues ranging from design processes and relationships with different departments of the same company and with suppliers 1 to incomplete requirement specification and testing. 2 Further, there is a widespread consensus in

Edward A. Lee; Alberto L. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

2011-01-01

42

Industry Placement Shape the Future of Design  

E-print Network

Fiona Donald Interior Design Jill Holt Film & Television Jeff Bird Film & Television #12+whenwhywhatelsehowmuch Typical placements · Design Studio · Advertising Agency Location · Melbourne · Interstate - Sydney & Television 28 24 17 3 #12;whowhatwhenwherehowmanyhow+whenwhywhatelsehowmuch Semester 1 2011 Applicants

Liley, David

43

Division XII / Commission 5 / Working Group Designations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the 2003 Sydney IAU meeting, Marion Schmitz (Caltech, USA) took over the chair of the Commission 5 Working Group Designations, succeeding Helene Dickel. The Working Group Designations of IAU Commission 5 clarifies existing astronomical nomenclature and helps astronomers avoid potential problems when designating their sources. The most important function of WG Designations during the period 2003-2005 was overseeing the IAU REGISTRY FOR ACRONYMS (for newly discovered astronomical sources of radiation: see the website ) which is sponsored by the WG and operated by the Centre de Données de Strasbourg (CDS). The Clearing House, a subgroup of the WG, screens the submissions for accuracy and conformity to the IAU Recommendations for Nomenclature (). From its beginning in 1997 through August 2006, there have been 132 submissions and 111 acceptances. Attempts to register asterisms, common star names, and suspected variable stars were rejected. The past three years saw 61 acronyms submitted with 50 of them being accepted. (GIRL - yes; WOMEN - no).

Schmitz, Marion; Andernach, Heinz J.; Borde, Suzanne; Borne, Kirk D.; Cowley, Anne P.; Dickel, Helene R.; Dubois, Pascal; Gallagher, John S.; Genova, Françoise; Hodge, Paul W.; Hunstead, Richard W.; Lortet, Marie-Claire; Lubowich, Donald A.; Malkov, Oleg Yu.; Nagata, Tetsuya; Ochsenbein, François; Urban, Sean E.; Vishniac, Ethan T.; Warren, Wayne H.; Zacharias, Norbert

2007-12-01

44

A Future in Fashion: Designing Wearable Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Art instructors are ever mindful of the need to introduce and encourage the possibilities of careers in the art field. The longer the author has been teaching art, the more aware she has become of the many wonderful art-related jobs and careers that exist. Fashion design, marketing and retail are three areas in which many students--male and…

Brew, Charl Anne

2009-01-01

45

Optimizing Organization Design for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of planning organization design within the higher education environment stresses the goal of integrating structure and process to maintain stability while increasing organizational flexibility. Considers organization culture, organization structure and processes, networked organizations, a networked organization in action, and personal…

Creth, Sheila

2000-01-01

46

Shaped pupil design for future space telescopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several years ago at Princeton we invented a technique to optimize shaped pupil (SP) coronagraphs for any telescope aperture. In the last year, our colleagues at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) invented a method to produce these non-freestanding mask designs on a substrate. These two advances allowed us to design SPs for two possible space telescopes for the direct imaging of exoplanets and disks, WFIRST-AFTA and Exo-C. In December 2013, the SP was selected along with the hybrid Lyot coronagraph for placement in the AFTA coronagraph instrument. Here we describe our designs and analysis of the SPs being manufactured and tested in the High Contrast Imaging Testbed at JPL.We also explore hybrid SP coronagraph designs for AFTA that would improve performance with minimal or no changes to the optical layout. These possibilities include utilizing a Lyot stop after the focal plane mask or applying large, static deformations to the deformable mirrors (nominally for wavefront correction) already in the system.

Riggs, A. J. Eldorado; Zimmerman, Neil; Carlotti, Alexis; Kasdin, N. Jeremy; Vanderbei, Robert

2014-08-01

47

HOLISTIC WORKSPACE: FUTURE CONTROL ROOM DESIGN  

E-print Network

-computer interface in the work environment of control room operators. The data gathered is taken as a basis environment, since a majority of the complex processes involved are critical to safety. The operators' main interviews with 13 control room staff members, among whom were both shift leaders and operators. In all, 12

Reiterer, Harald

48

Models of Design: Envisioning a Future Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a large-scale view of how design fits in the world economy today, and the role of design education in preparing designers for their economic and professional role. The current context of design involves broad-based historical changes including a major redistribution of geopolitical and industrial power from the West to the…

Friedman, Ken

2012-01-01

49

Immunological background Mathematical model Results Conclusions and future work T cell repertoire maintenance  

E-print Network

Immunological background Mathematical model Results Conclusions and future work T cell repertoire, March 2008 #12;Immunological background Mathematical model Results Conclusions and future work History cell activation) Effector T cell PERIPHERY (or mature T cell) #12;Immunological background Mathematical

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

50

A prospective study of the association between the readiness for return to work scale and future work participation in norway.  

PubMed

Aim The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between the Norwegian version of the Readiness for return to work (RTW) scale and future work participation among persons in inpatient occupational rehabilitation. Methods A prospective cohort with one year follow up. The participants (n = 179) were persons with reduced work ability who participated in a one-week inpatient rehabilitation program. Four readiness for RTW factors were identified at baseline using explorative factor analysis: 'RTW inability' and 'RTW uncertainty' among persons not working, and 'uncertain work maintenance' and 'proactive work maintenance' among persons working. Work participation was measured as days without sickness benefits in the year following the rehabilitation program. The associations between work participation and readiness for RTW factors were analyzed in multivariate linear regression models controlling for gender, age, subjective health complaints, employment status and previous sickness benefit. Results High scores on the RTW inability factor were associated with low future work participation among persons not working before the rehabilitation program. Among persons working before the program, the proactive work maintenance factor was associated with high future work participation. Neither the RTW uncertainty factor nor the uncertain work maintenance factor was associated with future work participation. Conclusions The associations between two readiness for RTW factors (RTW inability and proactive work maintenance) and future work participation indicate that these factors can be used as screening tools to tailor occupational rehabilitation programs. PMID:24395042

Braathen, Tore N; Brage, Søren; Tellnes, Gunnar; Irene, Oyeflaten; Chris, Jensen; Eftedal, Monica

2014-12-01

51

Motivation Measurements EVA Results Issues/Future Work Weather and Climate Extremes: cape times shear  

E-print Network

Motivation Measurements EVA Results Issues/Future Work Weather and Climate Extremes: cape times. #12;Motivation Measurements EVA Results Issues/Future Work Motivation Severe Weather generally on fine. All rights reserved. #12;Motivation Measurements EVA Results Issues/Future Work Motivation Severe

Gilleland, Eric

52

A descriptive analysis of music therapists working with consumers in substance abuse rehabilitation: Current clinical practice to guide future research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine music therapists working with consumers in treatment for substance abuse with the intention of using these data to design realistic and practical research studies and inform future music therapists of what to expect as a Board-Certified Music Therapist working with this population. The secondary purpose of this study was to assess

Michael J. Silverman

2009-01-01

53

The Future of Working Wisconsin. Proceedings from "The Future of Working Wisconsin" Conference (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, February 24-26, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following are among the 45 papers included in this proceedings: "Labor Force Changes in the United States: Implications for Education and Training" (Kutscher); "Industry, Employment, and Family Income: Wisconsin's Status" (Stoner); "Future Demographic and Social Trends" (Zach); "International Business in Wisconsin's Future" (Shank);…

Wacker, Gabrielle Banick, Ed.

54

30 CFR 71.208 - Bimonthly sampling; designated work positions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bimonthly sampling; designated work positions. 71.208...SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Sampling Procedures § 71.208 Bimonthly sampling; designated work positions....

2010-07-01

55

Mixing ideas: a new technique for working with young children as design partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets forth a new technique for working with young children as design partners. Mixing ideas is presented as an additional Cooperative Inquiry design technique used to foster effective collaboration with young children (ages 4-6). The method emerged from our work with children on the Classroom of the Future project at the University of Maryland. A case study of

Mona Leigh Guha; Allison Druin; Gene Chipman; Jerry Alan Fails; Sante Simms; Allison Farber

2004-01-01

56

How Children Can Design the Future Mona Leigh Guha1  

E-print Network

How Children Can Design the Future Mona Leigh Guha1 , Allison Druin1 , Jerry Alan Fails2 1 Human@umiacs.umd.edu, failsj@mail.montclair.edu Abstract. Over the past 15 years, children have become more integrally involved, specifically Cooperative Inquiry, used for designing technology with children can and should now be extended

Golbeck, Jennifer

57

Work Disability Prevention Research: Current and Future Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work disability prevention has evolved from being a component of disease outcomes studies, to a separate and growing research\\u000a discipline. In part, this is due to recognition that work outcomes often do not correlate with other health outcomes; the\\u000a causes of work disability are multiple, complex, and often distinct from associated health conditions or treatments; and that\\u000a work disability creates

G. S. Pransky; P. Loisel; J. R. Anema

2011-01-01

58

Do Computerised Training Programmes Designed to Improve Working Memory Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical review of working memory training research during the last 10 years is provided. Particular attention is given to research that has attempted to investigate the efficacy of commercially marketed computerised training programmes such as "Cogmed" and "Jungle Memory". Claimed benefits are questioned on the basis that research methodologies…

Apter, Brian J. B.

2012-01-01

59

The Future at Work. An Assessment of Changing Workplace Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological and demographic changes affect the nation's employment landscape. The most consistent trend of the century has been the shrinking workweek. By the year 2000, many workers will spend only 32 hours per week at work. Other workplace changes will continue the quest for more work satisfaction: technical trends (flextime/telecommuting);…

Interstate Conference of Employment Security Agencies, Inc., Washington, DC.

60

Social Working Memory: Neurocognitive Networks and Directions for Future Research  

PubMed Central

Navigating the social world requires the ability to maintain and manipulate information about people’s beliefs, traits, and mental states. We characterize this capacity as social working memory (SWM). To date, very little research has explored this phenomenon, in part because of the assumption that general working memory systems would support working memory for social information. Various lines of research, however, suggest that social cognitive processing relies on a neurocognitive network (i.e., the “mentalizing network”) that is functionally distinct from, and considered antagonistic with, the canonical working memory network. Here, we review evidence suggesting that demanding social cognition requires SWM and that both the mentalizing and canonical working memory neurocognitive networks support SWM. The neural data run counter to the common finding of parametric decreases in mentalizing regions as a function of working memory demand and suggest that the mentalizing network can support demanding cognition, when it is demanding social cognition. Implications for individual differences in social cognition and pathologies of social cognition are discussed. PMID:23267340

Meyer, Meghan L.; Lieberman, Matthew D.

2012-01-01

61

Exploring the space of near-future design with children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a series of user-centred desig n sessions conducted with children of varying ages to explore near-future applications of sensor-based technologi es. We explain how a review of each session resulted in re design of the activity and the identification of modifiable a spects of the design process, that when changed, result in ri cher understandings of possible

Mark Stringer; Eric Harris; Geraldine Fitzpatrick

2006-01-01

62

Work organization interventions: state of knowledge and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Changes taking place in the modern workplace, such as more flexible and lean production technologies, flatter management structures, and nontraditional employment practices fundamentally alter work organization factors and raise concerns about potentially negative influences on worker health and safety. These changes raise concerns about adverse effects on worker safety and health and call attention to the need for interventions

Steven L. Sauter; Lawrence R. Murphy

2004-01-01

63

Professional Learning between Past Experience and Future Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with the professionalization of human service work. It analyses learning processes and identity development in the emerging profession of child care with concrete examples from empirical research, based on a life history approach. It discusses examples of careers mainly based on students' life experience, pointing out that their…

Weber, Kirsten

2010-01-01

64

Epilogue: Towards a future for political ecology that works  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political Ecology (PE) has been retrospectively created from a history of wide ranging work of different disciplines, cultural settings and epistemological foundations. Its conceptualization was and remains expansive, eclectic and inclusive which has brought both innovative thinking and charges of incoherence. A review of these paradoxical views on the quality of knowledge and its effectiveness in promoting justice and other

Piers Blaikie

2008-01-01

65

Rube Goldbergineering: Lessons In Teaching Engineering Design To Future Engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hands-on learning experiences and interactive learning environments can be effective in teaching K-12 students. Design, in essence, is an interactive, hands-on experience. Engineering design can be taught in the classroom using innovative hands-on projects, such as designing and building serve to teach design, promote creativity, and provide opportunities for hands-on problem solving, in addition to giving students experience working in

Shawn Jordan; Nielsen Pereira

2009-01-01

66

Planning for the Future: An Investigation of Work-Bound Rural Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the postsecondary educational and occupational expectations of work-bound rural youth. Three groups of work-bound youth were identified (work-bound, work-bound with future educational plans, and work-bound but unsure/undecided about postsecondary education), and each group was compared to college-bound…

Hutchins, Bryan C.; Meece, Judith L.; Byun, Soo-yong; Farmer, Thomas W.

2012-01-01

67

Design for Optimizability: Traffic Management of a Future Internet  

E-print Network

Design for Optimizability: Traffic Management of a Future Internet Jiayue He, Jennifer Rexford. Using examples from our past re- search on traffic management, we present principles that guide how a particularly large impact in the area of traffic management, which controls the flow of traffic through

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

68

Design for Optimizability: Traffic Management for a Future Internet  

E-print Network

Design for Optimizability: Traffic Management for a Future Internet Jiayue He, Jennifer Rexford the beginning. Using examples from our past research on traffic management, we present principles that guide how optimization has had a large impact is traf- fic management: the adaptation of traffic to efficiently utilize

Chiang, Mung

69

Persuasive system design: state of the art and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the current state of the art in persuasive systems design. All peer-reviewed full papers published at the first three International Conferences on Persuasive Technology were analyzed employing a literature review framework. Results from this analysis are discussed and directions for future research are suggested. Most research papers so far have been experimental. Five out

Kristian Tørning; Harri Oinas-kukkonen

2009-01-01

70

Environmentally Sound Design and Recycling of Future Wind Power Systems  

E-print Network

Environmentally Sound Design and Recycling of Future Wind Power Systems Presentation at the IEA R state-of-the-art wind power system Mapping current trends of wind power technologies and concepts Expert wind power systems Expert panel brainstorm on environmental aspects of decommissioning current

71

Social responses to virtual humans: implications for future interface design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do human-human social interactions carry over to human- virtual human social interactions? How does this affect future interface designers? We replicated classical tests of social influence known as the social facilitation and inhibition effects. Social facilitation\\/inhibition theory states that when in the presence of others, people perform simple tasks better and complex tasks worse. Participants were randomly assigned to perform

Catherine Amine Zanbaka; Amy Catherine Ulinski; Paula Goolkasian; Larry F. Hodges

2007-01-01

72

Concept design of future intelligent Earth observing satellites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a concept design of an envisioned future intelligent Earth observing satellite (FIEOS) system. The proposed system is a space-based architecture for the dynamic and comprehensive on-board integration of Earth observing sensors, data processors and communication systems. The architecture and implementation strategies suggest a seamless integration of diverse components into a smart, adaptable and robust Earth observation satellite

G. Zhou; O. Baysal; J. Kaye; S. Habib; C. Wang

2004-01-01

73

Chapter 2 Design for a Working Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting from the premise that working memory is a system for providing access to representations for complex cognition, six requirements for a working memory system are delineated: (1) maintaining structural representations by dynamic bindings, (2) manipulating structural representations, (3) flexible reconfiguration, (4) partial decoupling from long-term memory, (5) controlled retrieval from long-term memory, and (6) encoding of new structures into

Klaus Oberauer

2009-01-01

74

Reliability based design including future tests and multiagent approaches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The initial stages of reliability-based design optimization involve the formulation of objective functions and constraints, and building a model to estimate the reliability of the design with quantified uncertainties. However, even experienced hands often overlook important objective functions and constraints that affect the design. In addition, uncertainty reduction measures, such as tests and redesign, are often not considered in reliability calculations during the initial stages. This research considers two areas that concern the design of engineering systems: 1) the trade-off of the effect of a test and post-test redesign on reliability and cost and 2) the search for multiple candidate designs as insurance against unforeseen faults in some designs. In this research, a methodology was developed to estimate the effect of a single future test and post-test redesign on reliability and cost. The methodology uses assumed distributions of computational and experimental errors with re-design rules to simulate alternative future test and redesign outcomes to form a probabilistic estimate of the reliability and cost for a given design. Further, it was explored how modeling a future test and redesign provides a company an opportunity to balance development costs versus performance by simultaneously designing the design and the post-test redesign rules during the initial design stage. The second area of this research considers the use of dynamic local surrogates, or surrogate-based agents, to locate multiple candidate designs. Surrogate-based global optimization algorithms often require search in multiple candidate regions of design space, expending most of the computation needed to define multiple alternate designs. Thus, focusing on solely locating the best design may be wasteful. We extended adaptive sampling surrogate techniques to locate multiple optima by building local surrogates in sub-regions of the design space to identify optima. The efficiency of this method was studied, and the method was compared to other surrogate-based optimization methods that aim to locate the global optimum using two two-dimensional test functions, a six-dimensional test function, and a five-dimensional engineering example.

Villanueva, Diane

75

Designing Industrial DSM Programs that Work  

E-print Network

of programs work much better than other types. Successful efforts include both custom and prescriptive components that show an understanding of the customers perspective, use marketing that is personal and user-friendly, provide flexibility, and include...

Nadel, S. M.; Jordan, J. A.

76

Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions.  

PubMed

For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated with exoskeletal and orthotic design that have yet to be perfected, the advances in the field have been truly impressive. In this commentary, I first classify exoskeletons and orthoses into devices that act in series and in parallel to a human limb, providing a few examples within each category. This classification is then followed by a discussion of major design challenges and future research directions critical to the field of exoskeletons and orthoses. PMID:19538735

Herr, Hugh

2009-01-01

77

Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions  

PubMed Central

For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated with exoskeletal and orthotic design that have yet to be perfected, the advances in the field have been truly impressive. In this commentary, I first classify exoskeletons and orthoses into devices that act in series and in parallel to a human limb, providing a few examples within each category. This classification is then followed by a discussion of major design challenges and future research directions critical to the field of exoskeletons and orthoses. PMID:19538735

Herr, Hugh

2009-01-01

78

Intranet Development and Design that Works  

SciTech Connect

Making information available and easy to find is the objective of designing a good web site. A company's Intranet typically provides a great deal of information to its employees in an effort to help them better perform their jobs. If the information is available but is difficult to locate, the usefulness of this information is diminished. Sandia National Laboratories performed a redesign of its home page and has obtained a successful design which enables its employees to locate information quickly and efficiently. Three phases of usability testing were conducted to develop and optimize the home page. This paper will discuss the redesign of the Intranet home page and describe how usability studies were used to help ensure a usable design.

BACA,BOBBY G.; CASSIDY,ANDREA L.

1999-09-09

79

Centaur: NASA's Mobile Humanoid Designed for Field Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA's future lunar and martian missions will require a suite of advanced robotic systems to complete tasks during precursor visits and to assist humans while present on the surface. The Centaur is a new mobile, dexterous manipulation system designed with this future role in mind. Centaur combines the sophisticated upper body dexterity of NASA's humanoid, Robonaut, with a rugged and

Joshua S. Mehling; Philip Strawser; Lyndon Bridgwater; W. K. Verdeyen; Roger Rovekamp

2007-01-01

80

Supporting social awareness @ work design and experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last year we have been designing and studying a computer based tool intended to strengthen social group awareness within a research laboratory. While awareness has been a subject of previous research it is still unclear how it should be conceptualized and how it can be provided for a CSCW system. In order to investigate this, and hence to

Konrad Tollmar; Ovidiu Sandor; Anna Schömer

1996-01-01

81

Ecological Automation Design, Extending Work Domain Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In high–risk domains like aviation, medicine and nuclear power plant control, automation has enabled new capabilities, increased the economy of operation and has greatly contributed to safety. However, automation increases the number of couplings in a system, which can inadvertently lead to more complexity from the perspective of the operator. The automation of a system transforms the work domain of

M. H. J. Amelink

2010-01-01

82

Astronaut Performance: Implications for Future Space Suit Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantified astronaut task performance will lead to enhanced training, more efficient crew operations, and optimized mission planning. In order to systematically address the relationships between the astronaut, tasks to be accomplished, and environment, analytical models were developed in conjunction with pressurized space suit experiments and state of the art robotic technology. A joint angle and torque database was compiled for the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU space suit), with a novel measurement technique using both human test subjects and an instrumented robot. Using data collected in the experiment, a mathematical hysteresis modeling technique was used to predict EMU joint torques from joint angular positions. The hysteresis model was then applied to extravehicular activity (EVA) operations by mapping out the reach and work envelopes for the EMU. Suited astronaut range of motion limits and locomotion were also explored, yielding quantifiable results about the limitations astronauts would face if the current EMU, or an EMU-like suit, was used for a planetary exploration mission. With better understanding of astronaut performance we can look ahead to future missions and propose both improvements to the current space suit as well as revolutionary new designs for partial gravity locomotion space suits. Concepts have been developed for a Bio-Suit System that could revolutionize human space exploration by providing enhanced astronaut EVA locomotion and life support based on the concept of providing a `second skin' capability for astronaut performance. The Bio-Suit System would provide life support through mechanical counterpressure where pressure is applied to the entire body through a tight-fitting suit with a pressurized helmet for the head. This ongoing research is aimed at radical advances in our ability to understand, simulate, and predict capabilities of suited astronauts in a variety of scenarios.

Frazer, A. L.; Pitts, B. M.; Hoffman, J. A.; Newman, D. J.

83

Work Structuring to Achieve Integrated ProductProcess Design  

E-print Network

Work Structuring to Achieve Integrated Product­Process Design Cynthia C. Y. Tsao, A.M.ASCE1 ; Iris presents "work structuring," a term used to describe the effort of integrating product and process design throughout the project development process. To illustrate current work structuring practice, we describe

Tommelein, Iris D.

84

Beyond motivation: job and work design for development, health, ambidexterity, and more.  

PubMed

Much research shows it is possible to design motivating work, which has positive consequences for individuals and their organizations. This article reviews research that adopts this motivational perspective on work design, and it emphasizes that it is important to continue to refine motivational theories. In light of continued large numbers of poor-quality jobs, attention must also be given to influencing practice and policy to promote the effective implementation of enriched work designs. Nevertheless, current and future work-based challenges mean that designing work for motivation is necessary but insufficient. This review argues that work design can be a powerful vehicle for learning and development, for maintaining and enhancing employees' physical and mental health, and for achieving control and flexibility simultaneously (for example, in the form of ambidexterity); all these outcomes are important given the challenges in today's workplaces. The review concludes by suggesting methodological directions. PMID:24016276

Parker, Sharon K

2014-01-01

85

Global sustainability and key needs in future automotive design.  

PubMed

The number of light vehicle registrations is forecast to increase worldwide by a factor of 3-5 over the next 50 years. This will dramatically increase environmental impacts worldwide of automobiles and light trucks. If light vehicles are to be environmentally sustainable globally, the automotive industry must implement fundamental changes in future automotive design. Important factors in assessing automobile design needs include fuel economy and reduced emissions. Many design parameters can impact vehicle air emissions and energy consumption including alternative fuel or engine technologies, rolling resistance, aerodynamics, drive train design, friction, and vehicle weight. Of these, vehicle weight is key and will translate into reduced energy demand across all energy distribution elements. A new class of vehicles is needed that combines ultra-light design with a likely hybrid or fuel cell engine technology. This could increase efficiency by a factor of 3-5 and reduce air emissions as well. Advanced lightweight materials, such as plastics or composites, will need to overtake the present metal-based infrastructure. Incorporating design features to facilitate end-of-life recycling and recovery is also important. The trend will be towards fewer materials and parts in vehicle design, combined with ease of disassembly. Mono-material construction can create vehicle design with improved recyclability as well as reduced numbers of parts and weight. PMID:14700327

McAuley, John W

2003-12-01

86

A Comparison of Candidate Seal Designs for Future Docking Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is developing a new docking system to support future space exploration missions to low Earth orbit, the Moon, and other destinations. A key component of this system is the seal at the main docking interface which inhibits the loss of cabin air once docking is complete. Depending on the mission, the seal must be able to dock in either a seal-on-flange or seal-on-seal configuration. Seal-on-flange mating would occur when a docking system equipped with a seal docks to a system with a flat metal flange. This would occur when a vehicle docks to a node on the International Space Station. Seal-on-seal mating would occur when two docking systems equipped with seals dock to each other. Two types of seal designs were identified for this application: Gask-O-seals and multi-piece seals. Both types of seals had a pair of seal bulbs to satisfy the redundancy requirement. A series of performance assessments and comparisons were made between the candidate seal designs indicating that they meet the requirements for leak rate and compression and adhesion loads under a range of operating conditions. Other design factors such as part count, integration into the docking system tunnel, seal-on-seal mating, and cost were also considered leading to the selection of the multi-piece seal design for the new docking system. The results of this study can be used by designers of future docking systems and other habitable volumes to select the seal design best-suited for their particular application.

Dunlap, Patrick, H., Jr.; Steinetz, Bruce, M.

2012-01-01

87

Calculating compensation for loss of future earnings: estimating and using work life expectancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Where personal injury results in displacement and\\/or continuing disability (or death), damages include an element of compensation for loss of future earnings. This is calculated with reference to the loss of future expected time in gainful employment. We estimate employment risks in the form of reductions to work life expectancies for the UK workforce by using data from the Labour

Zoltan Butt; Steven Haberman; Richard Verrall; Victoria Wass

2008-01-01

88

AIMD and CCN: past and novel acronyms working together in the Future Internet  

E-print Network

AIMD and CCN: past and novel acronyms working together in the Future Internet Luigi Alfredo Grieco paradigm to better han- dle contents in the future Internet. Routing is done on a hop-by-hop basis, the popularity of contents and the bandwidth of links. We make several observations and suggestions, most

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Stafford Technical Center: Designing a Future for Architects and Builders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes Stafford Technical Center's Engineering Technology Academy (ETA), in which students pursue a variety of educational and career options for anything connected to construction technologies--including drafting and design, architecture, and even work in historic preservation. In addition to technical skills,…

Lucci, William, Jr.

2005-01-01

90

Anticipating future congressional action: Designing a new retirement income system  

Microsoft Academic Search

After federal workers were covered by the social security system for the first time in 1983, the Congressional Research Service began working with congressional committees, particularly the House Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, on the design of a new federal retirement system made necessary by this coverage. Over a two-year period, the CRS prepared a study that became,

P. Royal Shipp

1989-01-01

91

Work system design for patient safety: the SEIPS model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models and methods of work system design need to be developed and implemented to advance research in and design for patient safety. In this paper we describe how the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model of work system and patient safety, which provides a framework for understanding the structures, processes and outcomes in health care and their relationships,

P Carayon; A Schoofs Hundt; B-T Karsh; A P Gurses; C J Alvarado; M Smith; P Flatley Brennan

2006-01-01

92

Bridge Design Project with SolidWorks Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides information about using SolidWorks to design bridges in the classroom. The booklet is quite extensive and includes sections on what SolidWorks is, structure design, using the beam calculator, analyzing the structure, building and testing the bridge structure and more. It would be useful for classes learning SolidWorks software in this context. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-06-21

93

Hospital design of the future--healing environments.  

PubMed

Predicting the future of hospital design is hardly a consensus forming art. Crystal ball visions of the 21st-century hospital vary from expert to expert. Perhaps that's simply a sign of the diversity of our health care system. Or perhaps it's a problem inherent in reading the future. For example, some hospital architects and facility planners say tomorrow's hospitals will be smaller due to technological advances. Others say those same advances will create larger hospitals brimming with high-tech equipment. Some say hospitals will be part of medical malls; others see them in a campus setting, perhaps accompanied by satellite facilities in the surrounding community. Yet, despite their often diverse views of the future, architects and planners do share common thoughts about hospital architecture in the decades ahead. Without question, they most commonly agree that hospitals will offer a more patient-friendly environment. Achieving that goal could take many forms, but it is expected to include the use of soothing colors, attractive landscaping, natural lighting, wayfinder lobbies and entrances, private rooms, quieter hallways and accommodations for family and friends. PMID:10119062

Mayer, D

1992-01-01

94

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Design, Clinical Application, and Future Challenges  

PubMed Central

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a new technology that recently has been shown to improve survival and quality of life in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who are not surgical candidates [1]. The development and design of transcatheter valves has been ongoing for the past 20 years, and TAVR has now been approved by the FDA as a treatment for aortic stenosis in patients who are not surgical candidates. In the United States, there are currently two transcatheter valves available: the Edwards Sapien Valve and the Medtronic CoreValve. While similar in some design elements, they also have characteristic differences that affect both the mechanism of delivery as well as performance in patients. This review aims to take a closer look at the development of this new technology, review the published clinical results, and look toward the future of transcatheter valve therapeutics and the challenges therein. PMID:22737052

Forrest, John K.

2012-01-01

95

Towards Design Guidelines for Work Related Learning Arrangements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to produce design guidelines based on insights from both practice and theory that will enable teachers and educational developers to execute the design, implementation and evaluation of their work-related learning arrangements with stakeholders involved. Design/methodology/approach: The first study reported in…

Lappia, Josephine H.

2011-01-01

96

Empathy & enjoyment in computer-mediated design work  

Microsoft Academic Search

While there have been vast theoretical and pragmatic advances in the field of CSCW, significant questions still remain about what makes for a successful distance collaboration, particularly in the field of design. Through an experimental design, this research examines the role that empathy and related psychological constructs may play in the experiences of designers working at a distance. Findings show

Amanda Rotondo

2010-01-01

97

Influence the Future of Nursing At UTA, you can work in nursing education without  

E-print Network

nursing service. Experienced MSNprepared nurses are needed to work with BSN students in patient care Influence the Future of Nursing At UTA, you can work in nursing education without leaving settings. UTA's Academic Partnership (AP) program is a non traditional approach to nursing

Huang, Haiying

98

The tutoring services provider: Authentic learning for an unknown future at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the expectations of students and governments that university study will prepare graduates for an unknown future at work. It describes a tutorial agency, the Tutoring Services Provider (TSP), which was developed as part of a wider, work-based learning project at Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia. This project was informed by authentic learning pedagogy and sought to

Lynne Hunt; Lorraine Kershaw; John Bana

2003-01-01

99

Organizational Development and Its Role in Providing Aesthetically Pleasing Work for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizations, with the help of human resource development (HRD) staff, must reexamine their objectives for future operations and the work force. Organizations with a focus on organizational development (OD) can provide meaningful work to employees and the organization itself. The OD framework consists of three units that must coexist as the major…

Decker, Carol A.

100

CO2 Car Design Project with SolidWorks Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides information about using SolidWorks to design a CO2 car. The booklet is quite extensive and includes sections on what SolidWorks is, exploring and assembling the car, using SolidWorks Flow Simulation, visualization and rendering and more. It would be useful for classes learning SolidWorks software in this context. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-06-20

101

Design and operations technologies - Integrating the pieces. [for future space systems design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As major elements of life-cycle costs (LCC) having critical impacts on the initiation and utilization of future space programs, the areas of vehicle design and operations are reviewed in order to identify technology requirements. Common to both areas is the requirement for efficient integration of broad, complex systems. Operations technologies focus on the extension of space-based capabilities and cost reduction through the combination of innovative design, low-maintenance hardware, and increased manpower productivity. Design technologies focus on computer-aided techniques which increase productivity while maintaining a high degree of flexibility which enhances creativity and permits graceful design changes.

Eldred, C. H.

1979-01-01

102

Designing the future: NBIC technologies and human performance enhancement.  

PubMed

Never before has any civilization had the unique opportunity to enhance human performance on the scale that we will face in the near future. The convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science (NBIC) is creating a set of powerful tools that have the potential to significantly enhance human performance as well as transform society, science, economics, and human evolution. As the NBIC convergence becomes more understood, the possibility that we may be able to enhance human performance in the three domains of therapy, augmentation, and designed evolution will become anticipated and even expected. In addition, NBIC convergence represents entirely new challenges for scientists, policymakers, and business leaders who will have, for the first time, vast new and powerful tools to shape markets, societies, and lifestyles. The emergence of NBIC convergence will challenge us in new ways to balance risk and return, threat and opportunity, and social responsibility and competitive advantage as we step into the 21st century. PMID:15194614

Canton, James

2004-05-01

103

The Working Parents' Curriculum: Class Designs To Meet the Needs of Expectant and New Working Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet needs of expectant and new working parents, these curriculum materials provide guidelines for instructors and discussions of six parent education topics. The curriculum begins by examining the qualifications an instructor should have before attempting to teach expectant or working parents. Subsequently described are specific ways…

O'Brien, Mary Parys

104

Working memory capacity does not always support future-oriented mind-wandering.  

PubMed

To evaluate the claim that mind-wandering demands executive resources, and more specifically that people with better executive control will have the resources to engage in more future-oriented thought than will those with poorer executive control, we reanalyzed thought-report data from 2 independently conducted studies (J. C. McVay & M. J. Kane, 2012, Why does working memory capacity predict variation in reading comprehension? On the influence of mind wandering and executive attention, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol. 141, pp. 302-320; N. Unsworth & B. D. McMillan, in press, Mind-wandering and reading comprehension: Examining the roles of working memory capacity, interest, motivation, and topic experience, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition) on working memory capacity (WMC), mind-wandering, and reading comprehension. Both of these individual-differences studies assessed large samples of university subjects' WMC abilities via multiple tasks and probed their immediate thought content while reading; in reporting any task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs), subjects indicated whether those thoughts were about the future or the past, if applicable. In contrast to previously published findings indicating that higher WMC subjects mind-wandered about the future more than did lower WMC subjects (B. Baird, J. Smallwood, & J. W. Schooler, 2011, Back to the future: Autobiographical planning and the functionality of mind-wandering, Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 20, pp. 1604-1611), we found only weak to modest negative correlations between WMC and future-oriented TUTs. If anything, our findings suggest that higher WMC subjects' TUTs were somewhat less often future-oriented than were lower WMC subjects'. Either WMC is not truly associated with mind-wandering about the future, or we have identified some important boundary conditions around that association. PMID:23458550

McVay, Jennifer C; Unsworth, Nash; McMillan, Brittany D; Kane, Michael J

2013-03-01

105

The New Basics: Education and the Future of Work in the Telematic Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing globalization of work, coupled with rapid advancement in communications technology, is making age-old teaching methods irrelevant. To thrive in the plugged-in future workplace, students today need to learn a whole new set of fundamental skills. This book starts by presenting the author's assumptions and biases with regard to…

Thornburg, David

106

Current+future work related to SONGS WP8 Lucas Nussbaum  

E-print Network

Current+future work related to SONGS WP8 Lucas Nussbaum lucas.nussbaum@loria.fr Lucas Nussbaum, with several user codes, platforms, and/or deployments Lucas Nussbaum SONGS WP8 2 / 7 #12;WP8: Support to use: not too many; statistically significant Lucas Nussbaum SONGS WP8 3 / 7 #12;WP8: Support

107

A Motivational Model of Daily Hassles, Physical Symptoms, and Future Work Intentions Among Police Officers1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested a motivational model of daily hassles, physical symptoms, and future work intentions with a sample of 122 police officers. In agreement with self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2002), path analyses showed that police oficers who per- ceived their immediate supervisor as highly supportive of their autonomy were found to report higher levels of self-determined motivation toward

Nancy Otis; Luc G. Pelletier

2005-01-01

108

Introduction Lyrics feature sets Experiments Conclusions and future work Combination of Audio &  

E-print Network

use `simpler' or just fewer unique words than others · Some genres might use more explicit language Conclusions and future work Motivation · Music Information Retrieval (MIR) · Search & find music, organise music collections · Music is inherently multi-modal · Music: audio, symbolic, scores, . . . · Text: Song

Rauber,Andreas

109

A Factor-Analytic Investigation of Students' Perceptions Regarding Purpose, Choice of Major, and Future Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students make choices about academic majors based on a limited number of factors and with little apparent consideration of what may be meaningful or purposeful to them. This study examines the perceptions of college students across disciplines regarding their choice of majors and future work. Of particular interest is the manner in which college students' perceptions may vary as a

Debbie S. Easterling; Kenneth Smith

2008-01-01

110

Modeling environmental systems at Michigan State University: Current work and future directions  

E-print Network

Modeling environmental systems at Michigan State University: Current work and future directions modeling to understand environmental systems. We describe the types of questions that modelers address, the techniques they use, and the ways they keep their models relevant to the real world. For modelers in applied

111

Introduction Basic Structure Dynamics of Bucky Balls and Nanotubes Future Work Geometry from Chemistry  

E-print Network

Basic Structure Dynamics of Bucky Balls and Nanotubes Future Work bucky balls and nanotubes soccer ball a bucky ball looks like a soccer ball the bonds of the bucky ball are the seams of the soccer ball the atoms are where the seams meet the bucky ball and the soccer ball have icosahedral symmetry #12

Broughton, S. Allen

112

Introduction Classical Dynamics Harmonic behaviour Bucky Ball Geometry Future Work Geometry from Chemistry I  

E-print Network

;Introduction Classical Dynamics Harmonic behaviour Bucky Ball Geometry Future Work bucky balls soccer ball a bucky ball looks like a soccer ball the bonds of the bucky ball are the seams of the soccer ball the atoms are where the seams meet the bucky ball and the soccer ball have icosahedral symmetry

Broughton, S. Allen

113

Education, Training and the Future of Work II: Developments in Vocational Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 13 papers on developments in vocational education and training in Great Britain and the future of work. The following papers are included: "Introduction" (Geoff Esland, Mike Flude, Sandy Sieminski); "The Roles of the State and the Social Partners in Vocational Education and Training Systems" (Andy Green); "Education Training and…

Flude, Mike, Ed.; Sieminski, Sandy, Ed.

114

Education, Training and the Future of Work I: Social, Political and Economic Contexts of Policy Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first of two volumes is organized around the theme of the social, political, and economic contexts of education and training. (Volume II focuses on the development of vocational policy. Both volumes form part of the Open University MA Module, Education, Training, and the Future of Work.) An introduction (Geoff Esland, John Ahier) provides an…

Ahier, John, Ed.; Esland, Geoff, Ed.

115

Quantifying Astronaut Tasks: Robotic Technology and Future Space Suit Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary aim of this research effort was to advance the current understanding of astronauts' capabilities and limitations in space-suited EVA by developing models of the constitutive and compatibility relations of a space suit, based on experimental data gained from human test subjects as well as a 12 degree-of-freedom human-sized robot, and utilizing these fundamental relations to estimate a human factors performance metric for space suited EVA work. The three specific objectives are to: 1) Compile a detailed database of torques required to bend the joints of a space suit, using realistic, multi- joint human motions. 2) Develop a mathematical model of the constitutive relations between space suit joint torques and joint angular positions, based on experimental data and compare other investigators' physics-based models to experimental data. 3) Estimate the work envelope of a space suited astronaut, using the constitutive and compatibility relations of the space suit. The body of work that makes up this report includes experimentation, empirical and physics-based modeling, and model applications. A detailed space suit joint torque-angle database was compiled with a novel experimental approach that used space-suited human test subjects to generate realistic, multi-joint motions and an instrumented robot to measure the torques required to accomplish these motions in a space suit. Based on the experimental data, a mathematical model is developed to predict joint torque from the joint angle history. Two physics-based models of pressurized fabric cylinder bending are compared to experimental data, yielding design insights. The mathematical model is applied to EVA operations in an inverse kinematic analysis coupled to the space suit model to calculate the volume in which space-suited astronauts can work with their hands, demonstrating that operational human factors metrics can be predicted from fundamental space suit information.

Newman, Dava

2003-01-01

116

Urban design and health: progress to date and future challenges.  

PubMed

Over the last 15 years, a growing body of Australian and international evidence has demonstrated that urban design attributes are associated with a range of health outcomes. For example, the location of employment, shops and services, provision of public and active transport infrastructure and access to open space and recreational opportunities are associated with chronic disease risk factors such as physical activity levels, access to healthy food, social connectedness, and air quality. Despite the growing knowledge base, this evidence is not being consistently translated into urban planning policy and practice in Australia. Low-density neighbourhoods with poor access to public transport, shops and services continue to be developed at a rapid rate in the sprawling outer suburbs of Australian cities. This paper provides an overview of the evidence of the association between the built environment and chronic diseases, highlighting progress and future challenges for health promotion. It argues that health promotion practitioners and researchers need to more closely engage with urban planning practitioners, policymakers and researchers to encourage the creation of healthy urban environments through integrated transport, land use and infrastructure planning. There is also a need for innovative research to evaluate the effectiveness of policy options. This would help evidence to be more effectively translated into policy and practice, making Australia a leader in planning healthy communities. PMID:24739774

Lowe, Melanie; Boulange, Claire; Giles-Corti, Billie

2014-04-01

117

Strategies for a Creative Future with Computer Science, Quality Design and Communicability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the current work is presented the importance of the two-way triad between computer science, design and communicability. It is demonstrated how the principles of quality of software engineering are not universal since they are disappearing inside university training. Besides, a short analysis of the term "creativity" males apparent the existence of plagiarism as a human factor that damages the future of communicability applied to the on-line and off-line contents of the open software. A set of measures and guidelines are presented so that the triad works again correctly in the next years to foster the qualitative design of the interactive systems on-line and/or off-line.

Cipolla Ficarra, Francisco V.; Villarreal, Maria

118

The Monitoring the Future Project after Twenty-Seven Years: Design and Procedures. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 54.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This occasional paper updates and extends earlier papers in the Monitoring the Future project. It provides a detailed description of the project's design, including sampling design; data collection procedures; measurement content; and questionnaire format. It attempts to include sufficient information for others who wish to evaluate the results,…

Bachman, Jerald G.; Johnston, Lloyd D.; O'Malley, Patrick, M.

119

Medical Resident Work Schedules: Design and Evaluation by Stimulation Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society has demanded reform in medical resident work scheduling; consequently, hospitals are implementing changes having organizational, clinical, financial, social, emotional, and educational consequences for physician training and patient care. We report the use of simulation modeling as an approach to evaluate the outcomes of alternative designs prior to implementation. Mobile resources such as physicians with complex job descriptions and patients

Robert S. Dittus; Robert W. Klein; David J. DeBrota; Mark A. Dame; John F. Fitzgerald

1996-01-01

120

Designed for working professionals in needs assessment and service coordination  

E-print Network

the Disability Studies major within the Bachelor of Human Services and additional courses developed specifically to and fro transition for people that use the service in Northland. In turn, Te Rau's employer, NorthableDesigned for working professionals in needs assessment and service coordination (NASC

Goodman, James R.

121

Designing Classrooms That Work: Conception and Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1990s, school programs that more explicitly link school and work have been expanded. In order to realize the curricular and pedagogical reforms that underlie these programs, teachers need appropriate staff development. In 1996, RAND staff designed and pilot-tested a 6-week "mini-sabbatical," a prototype course to help teachers in a…

Stasz, Cathleen

122

Designing programs that check their work \\Lambda Manuel Blum  

E-print Network

Designing programs that check their work \\Lambda Manuel Blum Comp. Sci. Division U. of California Classification D.2.4 F.2.0 F.3.1 G.3 Abstract A program correctness checker is an algorithm for checking the output of a computation. That is, given a program and an instance on which the program is run

Plotkin, Joshua B.

123

Principles for designing future regimens for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis  

PubMed Central

Abstract Fewer than 20% of patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis are receiving treatment and there is an urgent need to scale up treatment programmes. One of the biggest barriers to scale-up is the treatment regimen, which is lengthy, complex, ineffective, poorly tolerated and expensive. For the first time in over 50 years, new drugs have been developed specifically to treat tuberculosis, with bedaquiline and potentially delamanid expected to be available soon for treatment of MDR cases. However, if the new drugs are merely added to the current treatment regimen, the new regimen will be at least as lengthy, cumbersome and toxic as the existing one. There is an urgent need for strategy and evidence on how to maximize the potential of the new drugs to improve outcomes and shorten treatment. We devised eight key principles for designing future treatment regimens to ensure that, once they are proven safe in clinical trials, they will be clinically effective and programmatically practicable. Regimens should contain at least one new class of drug; be broadly applicable for use against MDR and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains; contain three to five effective drugs, each from a different drug class; be delivered orally; have a simple dosing schedule; have a good side-effect profile that allows limited monitoring; last a maximum of 6 months; and have minimal interaction with antiretrovirals. Following these principles will maximize the potential of new compounds and help to overcome the clinical and programmatic disadvantages and scale-up constraints that plague the current regimen. PMID:24391302

Nyang'wa, Bern-Thomas; du Cros, Philipp; Varaine, Francis; Hughes, Jennifer; Rich, Michael; Horsburgh, C Robert; Mitnick, Carole D; Nuermberger, Eric; McIlleron, Helen; Phillips, Patrick PJ; Balasegaram, Manica

2014-01-01

124

Endovascular device design in the future: transformation from trial and error to computational design.  

PubMed

Endovascular devices have been designed by trial and error, with bench and animal testing followed by human clinical trials to determine whether the devices are safe and effective. Despite remarkable advances over the past 15 years, there are persistent concerns regarding the long-term durability of endovascular devices. This may be due to deficiencies in device design, which has lagged behind other industries in adopting computational methods that are now routinely used to design, develop, and test new aircraft and automobiles. Similar computational design and failure mode simulations that evaluate performance under stress conditions have not been widely applied in the development of endovascular devices. Advances in medical imaging and computational modeling now allow simulation of physiological conditions in patient-specific 3-dimensional vascular models, which can provide a framework to design and test the next generation of endovascular devices. This modeling will allow the prospective design of devices that can withstand the force variations in the cardiovascular system that occur during bending, coughing, and varying degrees of exercise, as well as the extremes encountered during sudden impact in contact sports. Utilization of computational design methodology that takes into consideration the physiology of the cardiovascular system will improve future endovascular devices so that they are safer and more effective and durable. PMID:19317584

Zarins, Christopher K; Taylor, Charles A

2009-02-01

125

Spatial Patterns and Design Policies for Future American Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes plans for future urban development which take into account energy needs, mass transportation, technological innovations, high density settlement along the rapid transit spine, and rational decision making. (Author/DB)

Dutt, Ashok K.; Costa, Frank J.

1977-01-01

126

Viking dynamics experience with application to future payload design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analytical and test techniques are discussed. Areas in which hindsight indicated erroneous, redundant, or unnecessarily severe design and test specifications are identified. Recommendations are made for improvements in the dynamic design and criteria philosophy, aimed at reducing costs for payloads.

Barrett, S.; Rader, W. P.; Payne, K. R.

1978-01-01

127

Historical Analysis: Using the Past to Design the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ubicomp developers are increasingly borrowing from other disciplines, such as anthropology and creative design, to inform their design process. In this paper, we demonstrate that the discipline of history similarly has much to offer ubicomp research. Specifically, we describe a historically- grounded approach to designing ubicomp systems and applications for the home. We present findings from a study examining aging

Susan Wyche; Phoebe Sengers; Rebecca E. Grinter

2006-01-01

128

Future technology workshop: A collaborative method for the design of new learning technologies and activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the Future Technology Workshop (FTW), a method whereby people with everyday knowledge or experience in a specific area of the use of technology (such as the use of digital cameras) envision and design the interactions between current and future technology and activity. Through a series of structured workshop sessions they collaborate to envisage future activities related to technology

Giasemi N. Vavoula; Mike Sharples

2007-01-01

129

Predictors of Future Performance in Architectural Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The link between academic performance in secondary education and the subsequent performance of students studying architecture at university level is commonly questioned by educators and admissions tutors. This paper investigates the potential for using measures of cognitive style and spatial ability as predictors of future potential in…

Roberts, A. S.

2007-01-01

130

Designing Future Landscapes from Principles of Form and Function1  

E-print Network

be reduced to a series of physical- chemical processes it is known to possess attributes which cannot he in the Northern states there seems little reason to expect a change in trend. Approximately 8000 new immigrants. In total, these factors create the prospect of leaving future generations with an unplanned environment

Standiford, Richard B.

131

Introduction/Motivation Background/Notation Classification Results/Future Work/References Classifying Pairs of Fuchsian Groups  

E-print Network

Introduction/Motivation Background/Notation Classification Results/Future Work Regional Meeting at University of Tucson April 2007 #12;Introduction/Motivation Background/Notation Classification Results/Future Work/References Outline 1 Introduction/Motivation Motivation 1 - extension

Broughton, S. Allen

132

Interactive design and analysis of future large spacecraft concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interactive computer aided design program used to perform systems level design and analysis of large spacecraft concepts is presented. Emphasis is on rapid design, analysis of integrated spacecraft, and automatic spacecraft modeling for lattice structures. Capabilities and performance of multidiscipline applications modules, the executive and data management software, and graphics display features are reviewed. A single user at an interactive terminal create, design, analyze, and conduct parametric studies of Earth orbiting spacecraft with relative ease. Data generated in the design, analysis, and performance evaluation of an Earth-orbiting large diameter antenna satellite are used to illustrate current capabilities. Computer run time statistics for the individual modules quantify the speed at which modeling, analysis, and design evaluation of integrated spacecraft concepts is accomplished in a user interactive computing environment.

Garrett, L. B.

1981-01-01

133

A High Field Magnet Design for A Future Hadron Collider  

SciTech Connect

US high energy physics community is exploring the possibilities of building a Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) after the completion of LHC. This paper presents a high field magnet design option based on Nb{sub 3}Sn technology. A preliminary magnetic and mechanical design of a 14-16 T, 2-in-1 dipole based on the 'common coil design' approach is presented. The computer code ROXIE has been upgraded to perform the field quality optimization of magnets based on the racetrack coil geometry. A magnet R&D program to investigate the issues related to high field magnet designs is also outlined.

Gupta, R.; Chow, K.; Dietderich, D.; Gourlay, S.; Millos, G.; McInturff, A.; Scanlan, R.

1998-09-01

134

Design options for improving protective gloves for industrial assembly work.  

PubMed

The study investigated the effects of wearing two new designs of cotton glove on several hand performance capabilities and compared them against the effects of barehanded, single-layered and double cotton glove conditions when working with hand tools (screwdriver and pliers). The new glove designs were based on the findings of subjective hand discomfort assessments for this type of work and aimed to match the glove thickness to the localised pressure and sensitivity in different areas of the hand as well as to provide adequate dexterity for fine manipulative tasks. The results showed that the first prototype glove and the barehanded condition were comparable and provided better dexterity and higher handgrip strength than double thickness gloves. The results support the hypothesis that selective thickness in different areas of the hand could be applied by glove manufacturers to improve the glove design, so that it can protect the hands from the environment and at the same time allow optimal hand performance capabilities. PMID:24636726

Dianat, Iman; Haslegrave, Christine M; Stedmon, Alex W

2014-07-01

135

School Libraries: A Design Recipe for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses design elements of a 21st century school library, including space, books and shelving, seats, tables, technology (computers, scanners, projectors), building materials (wood, metal, plastic, paint, glass, fibers), and light and color. A sidebar describes the L!BRARY initiative to creatively design, professionally staff, and…

Myerberg, Henry

2002-01-01

136

Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated with exoskeletal and orthotic design that have yet to be perfected, the advances in the field have been truly impressive. In this commentary, I first classify exoskeletons and orthoses

Hugh Herr

2009-01-01

137

A successful methodology for designing and implementing virtual work teams  

SciTech Connect

A system has been implemented at Los Alamos National Laboratory to rapidly staff and manage project teams. These project teams are created and subsequently perform their project functions using information technology as the communication medium. A simplified model of group interactions was used to guide the design and implementation of the system. The model uses three primary axes of group interactions to express the functional requirements that must be supported by a virtual work team application. The evolution of the approach and its relationship to traditional project management are described. A number of design characteristics were found to be critical to the success of the implementation and are presented. The technology and supporting processes and the business results stemming from implementation of the system are described in a limited manner.

Stuewe, R.B.; Barnes, M.G.; Hughes, D.K.

1997-11-01

138

Robonaut: a robot designed to work with humans in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Robotics Technology Branch at the NASA Johnson Space Center is developing robotic systems to assist astronauts in space. One such system, Robonaut, is a humanoid robot with the dexterity approaching that of a suited astronaut. Robonaut currently has two dexterous arms and hands, a three degree-of-freedom articulating waist, and a two degree-of-freedom neck used as a camera and sensor platform. In contrast to other space manipulator systems, Robonaut is designed to work within existing corridors and use the same tools as space walking astronauts. Robonaut is envisioned as working with astronauts, both autonomously and by teleoperation, performing a variety of tasks including, routine maintenance, setting up and breaking down worksites, assisting crew members while outside of spacecraft, and serving in a rapid response capacity.

Bluethmann, William; Ambrose, Robert; Diftler, Myron; Askew, Scott; Huber, Eric; Goza, Michael; Rehnmark, Fredrik; Lovchik, Chris; Magruder, Darby

2003-01-01

139

The management and welfare of working animals: identifying problems, seeking solutions and anticipating the future.  

PubMed

Working animals, mainly equids, camelids and bovids, are draught animals that perform transport and traction activities. In developed countries technological development has resulted in animal power being minimised, however, in developing countries most agricultural operations are still being conducted by animals, and animal welfare is a major concern. Inadequate knowledge and inappropriate attitudes and practices regarding the management and welfare of working animals are the main contributory factors to welfare problems. The paper highlights the situation of working animals in developing countries, especially those of equids in Africa and Asia and bullocks in India, which are examined as examples. There is much room for improvement in the welfare of working animals, via the provision of basic veterinary care, technical advice on health and husbandry, including foot care, improved design and maintenance of harnesses and other equipment, and the development of appropriate policies and legislation. The paper discusses the role of the World Organisation for Animal Health in addressing these issues. PMID:25000792

Abul Rahman, S; Reed, K

2014-04-01

140

Exoskeletons and orthoses: classification, design challenges and future directions  

E-print Network

For over a century, technologists and scientists have actively sought the development of exoskeletons and orthoses designed to augment human economy, strength, and endurance. While there are still many challenges associated ...

Herr, Hugh M.

141

Energy Mobility Network : system design, interfaces, and future interactions  

E-print Network

The Energy Mobility Network is a mobile, networked energy production, consumption and sharing system that is designed to motivate users to be more aware of their energy consumption. In particular, the system provides a ...

Cheung, Natalie Wen Yua

2011-01-01

142

Future technology requirements for magnetic fusion--An evaluation based on conceptual design studies  

SciTech Connect

The future technology requirements for magnetic fusion have been identified from an assessment of the conceptual design studies that have been performed. A summary of worldwide conceptual design effort is presented. The relative maturity of the various confinement concepts and the intensity and continuity of the design efforts are taken into account in identifying future technology requirements. A major conclusion of this study is that there is a high degree of commonality among the technology requirements identified for the various confinement concepts.

Stacey, W.M.; Baker, C.C.; Conn, R.W.; Krakowski, R.A.; Steiner, D.; Thomassen, K.I.

1984-05-01

143

Designing the STS-134 Re-Rendezvous: A Preparation for Future Crewed Rendezvous Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In preparation to provide the capability for the Orion spacecraft, also known as the Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV), to rendezvous with the International Space Station (ISS) and future spacecraft, a new suite of relative navigation sensors are in development and were tested on one of the final Space Shuttle missions to ISS. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) commissioned a flight test of prototypes of the Orion relative navigation sensors on STS-134, in order to test their performance in the space environment during the nominal rendezvous and docking, as well as a re-rendezvous dedicated to testing the prototype sensors following the undocking of the Space Shuttle orbiter at the end of the mission. Unlike the rendezvous and docking at the beginning of the mission, the re-rendezvous profile replicates the newly designed Orion coelliptic approach trajectory, something never before attempted with the shuttle orbiter. Therefore, there were a number of new parameters that needed to be conceived of, designed, and tested for this rerendezvous to make the flight test successful. Additionally, all of this work had to be integrated with the normal operations of the ISS and shuttle and had to conform to the constraints of the mission and vehicles. The result of this work is a separation and rerendezvous trajectory design that would not only prove the design of the relative navigation sensors for the Orion vehicle, but also would serve as a proof of concept for the Orion rendezvous trajectory itself. This document presents the analysis and decision making process involved in attaining the final STS-134 re-rendezvous design.

Stuit, Timothy D.

2011-01-01

144

Powering the Future: A Wind Turbine Design Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nothing brings out the best in eighth-grade physical science students quite like an engineering challenge. The wind turbine design challenge described in this article has proved to be a favorite among students with its focus on teamwork and creativity and its (almost) sneaky reinforcement of numerous physics concepts. For this activity, pairs of…

Pries, Caitlin Hicks; Hughes, Julie

2011-01-01

145

Designing a Methodology for Future Air Travel Scenarios  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growing demand on air travel throughout the world has prompted several proposals for the development of commercial aircraft capable of transporting a large number of passengers at supersonic speeds. Emissions from a projected fleet of such aircraft, referred to as high-speed civil transports (HSCT's), are being studied because of their possible effects on the chemistry and physics of the global atmosphere, in particular, on stratospheric ozone. At the same time, there is growing concern about the effects on ozone from the emissions of current (primarily subsonic) aircraft emissions. Evaluating the potential atmospheric impact of aircraft emissions from HSCT's requires a scientifically sound understanding of where the aircraft fly and under what conditions the aircraft effluents are injected into the atmosphere. A preliminary set of emissions scenarios are presented. These scenarios will be used to understand the sensitivity of environment effects to a range of fleet operations, flight conditions, and aircraft specifications. The baseline specifications for the scenarios are provided: the criteria to be used for developing the scenarios are defined, the required data base for initiating the development of the scenarios is established, and the state of the art for those scenarios that have already been developed is discussed. An important aspect of the assessment will be the evaluation of realistic projections of emissions as a function of both geographical distribution and altitude from an economically viable commercial HSCT fleet. With an assumed introduction date of around the year 2005, it is anticipated that there will be no HSCT aircraft in the global fleet at that time. However, projections show that, by 2015, the HSCT fleet could reach significant size. We assume these projections of HSCT and subsonic fleets for about 2015 can the be used as input to global atmospheric chemistry models to evaluate the impact of the HSCT fleets, relative to an all-subsonic future fleet. The methodology, procedures, and recommendations for the development of future HSCT and the subsonic fleet scenarios used for this evaluation are discussed.

Wuebbles, Donald J.; Baughcum, Steven L.; Gerstle, John H.; Edmonds, Jae; Kinnison, Douglas E.; Krull, Nick; Metwally, Munir; Mortlock, Alan; Prather, Michael J.

1992-01-01

146

Designing and implementing an evaluation of a national work support program.  

PubMed

Welfare reforms in the 1990s have shifted governments around the world towards financial assistance conditional on work. While large-scale rigorous research on welfare-to-work programs has demonstrated effectiveness towards employment in other countries, no such micro-level evaluation of a policy has ever been conducted in Singapore. This article describes the process of developing a large experimental evaluation of the Work Support Program, which the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports started in 2006. The lessons learned from planning and implementing the research can be helpful to future researchers in negotiating long-term rigorous evaluations in an environment where collaborators lack sufficient research knowledge. Insights include ways to focus on the essentials, find alternative experimental designs, collaborate effectively, and adapt instruments across cultures. PMID:22054527

Ng, Irene Y H; Ho, Kong Weng; Nesamani, Tharmalingam; Lee, Alex; Liang, Ngiam Tee

2012-02-01

147

Design for Optimizability: Traffic Management of a Future Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As networks grow in size and complexity, network management has become an increasingly challenging task. Many protocols have tunable parameters, and optimization is the process of setting these parameters to optimize an objective. In recent years, optimization techniques have been widely applied to network management problems, albeit with mixed success. Realizing that optimization problems in network management are induced by assumptions adopted in protocol design, we argue that instead of optimizing existing protocols, protocols should be designed with optimization in mind from the beginning. Using examples from our past research on traffic management, we present principles that guide how changes to existing protocols and architectures can lead to optimizable protocols. We also discuss the trade-offs between making network optimization easier and the overhead these changes impose.

He, Jiayue; Rexford, Jennifer; Chiang, Mung

148

Electronics Design-for-Test: Past, Present and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. Do you know how many ENIAC vacuum tubes were replaced every day during its heyday? What did it teach us about Test, or design-for-test? did Eldred really invent the stuck-at fault model in 1959? Is 99.999% fault cover all it's cracked up to be or are we fooling ourselves? Are we better off with 115% or

Ben Bennetts

2007-01-01

149

Trends And Future ResearchesIn Green Space Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the essential planning process of green space design based on the concept of ecosystem management together\\u000a with the recent technical trends and required data set applicable at each process. The techniques reviewed in this paper contribute\\u000a toward the accomplishment of the goals of protecting the entire spectrum of biodiversity, ensure their persistence, and accommodate\\u000a human use within

K. Nagashima

150

Fuel-Burn Impact of Re-Designing Future Aircraft with Changes in Mission Specifications  

E-print Network

Fuel-Burn Impact of Re-Designing Future Aircraft with Changes in Mission Specifications Anil observed. Results from aircraft redesigns indicate that variations in design mission specifications can that can be flown by the aircraft with its full design payload RJ Regional Jet Ph.D. Candidate, Department

Alonso, Juan J.

151

D4OPS: DESIGN FOR OPERATIONS OF FUTURE REUSABLE LAUNCH SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designers of space launch systems should be cognizant of the impact of their design assumptions on ope rational characteristics. Operational metrics such as turnar ound time, recurring cost, and headcount are critic al factors for the future viability of such systems. The results prese nted here are from a study that seeks to determine in what manner design approaches can

A. C. Charania; Jon Wallace; John R. Olds; Edgar Zapata

152

Objectives underlying future patterns of work of national committees on vital and health statistics  

PubMed Central

As a basis for considering the forms and patterns of national committees on vital and health statistics in the future, the author first discusses the six main objectives of national systems of those statistics. Turning then to the aims of the national committees themselves, he observes that such is the variety of statistcal needs in different countries in view of their different stages of economic development that the work of the national committees at present inevitably differs greatly from country to country and must continue to do so as development continues. However, the common purpose of the committees is to help in developing, or in strengthening, the statistical structure of each country. Any activity or objective of a national committee that furthers one or more of the country's objectives can be regarded as worthwhile and legitimate. PMID:13199670

Dunn, Halbert L.

1954-01-01

153

Current problems and future directions of transfusion-induced alloimmunization: summary of an NHLBI working group.  

PubMed

In April 2010, a working group sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute was assembled to identify research strategies to improve our understanding of alloimmunization caused by the transfusion of allogeneic blood components and to evaluate potential approaches to both reduce its occurrence and manage its effects. Significant sequelae of alloimmunization were discussed and identified, including difficulties in maintaining chronic transfusion of red blood cells and platelets, hemolytic disease of the newborn, neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, and rejection of transplanted cells and tissues. The discussions resulted in a consensus that identified key areas of future research and developmental areas, including genetic and epigenetic recipient factors that regulate alloimmunization, biochemical specifics of transfused products that affect alloimmunization, and novel technologies for high-throughput genotyping to facilitate extensive and efficient antigen matching between donor and recipient. Additional areas of importance included analysis of unappreciated medical sequelae of alloimmunization, such as cellular immunity and its effect upon transplant and autoimmunity. In addition, support for research infrastructure was discussed, with an emphasis on encouraging collaboration and synergy of animal models biology and human clinical research. Finally, training future investigators was identified as an area of importance. In aggregate, this communication provides a synopsis of the opinions of the working group on the above issues and presents both a list of suggested priorities and the rationale for the topics of focus. The areas of research identified in this report represent potential fertile ground for the medical advancement of preventing and managing alloimmunization in its different forms and mitigating the clinical problems it presents to multiple patient populations. PMID:21251006

Zimring, James C; Welniak, Lis; Semple, John W; Ness, Paul M; Slichter, Sherrill J; Spitalnik, Steven L

2011-02-01

154

Legally compatible design of digital dactyloscopy in future surveillance scenarios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Innovation in multimedia systems impacts on our society. For example surveillance camera systems combine video and audio information. Currently a new sensor for capturing fingerprint traces is being researched. It combines greyscale images to determine the intensity of the image signal, on one hand, and topographic information to determine fingerprint texture on a variety of surface materials, on the other. This research proposes new application areas which will be analyzed from a technical-legal view point. It assesses how technology design can promote legal criteria of German and European privacy and data protection. For this we focus on one technology goal as an example.

Pocs, Matthias; Schott, Maik; Hildebrandt, Mario

2012-06-01

155

Building for change: university hospital design for future clinical learning.  

PubMed

Recent developments in the way health care is organized and delivered have rendered many old hospital structures obsolete. The creation of an entire new university hospital for tertiary health care, clinical research and education has made it necessary to discuss and define what pedagogical strategies should be used in this new setting and how physical structures can support learning. Contemporary health care is per se interprofessionally team-based, but most health care education is still performed in silos, separated for each profession. When building a new hospital new possibilities arise to create an interprofessional and learner-centered environment with an adjusted physical infrastructure and spaces for learning. The old hospital conserved highly discipline-based (and professionally isolated) curriculas and didactically oriented; all manifested in the physical environments. However, the New Karolinska University Hospital presents a shift towards a pedagogy characterized by learning centeredness, interprofessionalism clearly expressed in the architecture, design and allocation of spaces within the new buildings. The aim of this article is to highlight the considerations that have been made during the process to design and plan for the new university hospital. PMID:23713805

Nordenström, Jörgen; Kiessling, Anna; Nordquist, Jonas

2013-09-01

156

30 CFR 19.13 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.13 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2011-07-01

157

30 CFR 20.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MINE LAMPS OTHER THAN STANDARD CAP LAMPS § 20.14 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2011-07-01

158

30 CFR 19.13 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.13 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2013-07-01

159

30 CFR 19.13 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.13 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2012-07-01

160

30 CFR 19.13 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC CAP LAMPS § 19.13 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2010-07-01

161

30 CFR 20.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MINE LAMPS OTHER THAN STANDARD CAP LAMPS § 20.14 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2010-07-01

162

30 CFR 20.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MINE LAMPS OTHER THAN STANDARD CAP LAMPS § 20.14 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2013-07-01

163

30 CFR 20.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MINE LAMPS OTHER THAN STANDARD CAP LAMPS § 20.14 Instructions for handling future changes in lamp design. All approvals are granted with the...

2012-07-01

164

30 CFR 22.11 - Instructions on handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS PORTABLE METHANE DETECTORS § 22.11 Instructions on handling future changes in design. All approvals are granted with the...

2011-07-01

165

Postdoctoral Scholar position Area: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURES SCENARIO DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS  

E-print Network

Postdoctoral Scholar position Area: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURES SCENARIO DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS HEALTH PLAN BENEFITS The Department of ENBRIDGE CENTRE FOR CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY in the Faculty Fellow in SUSTAINABLE ENERGY Job Description: The Enbridge Centre for Corporate Sustainability

de Leon, Alex R.

166

OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS The OECD Trade Policy Working Paper series is designed to make available to a wide  

E-print Network

#12;OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS The OECD Trade Policy Working Paper series is designed to make been declassified on the responsibility of the Working Party of the Trade Committee under the OECD.contact@oecd.org. OECD TRADE POLICY WORKING PAPERS are published on www.oecd.org/trade © OECD 2011 Applications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Broadband design techniques and technology for future wireless and wire-line applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will describe MMIC design techniques and technology for key broadband front-end components that address future wireless and wire-line infrastructure applications. The paper will focus on three different topics: 1) history, design technique & technology evolution of the Darlington RF amplifier, 2) linear design for new 100 Gbps fiber ICs, and 3) high performance broadband GaN front-end designs for

Kevin W. Kobayashi; Karthik Krishnamurthy; Ramakrishna Vetury; Ying McCleary; Rainer Hillermeier; Jeff B. Shealy

2010-01-01

168

Complexity aided design. The FuturICT technological innovation paradigm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin. It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its sensations. This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs, electroencephalographs. These will probe and monitor cities and endangered species, the atmosphere, our ships, highways and fleets of trucks, our conversations, our bodies-even our dreams ....What will the earth's new skin permit us to feel? How will we use its surges of sensation? For several years-maybe for a decade-there will be no central nervous system to manage this vast signaling network. Certainly there will be no central intelligence...some qualities of self-awareness will emerge once the Net is sensually enhanced. Sensuality is only one force pushing the Net toward intelligence". These statements are quoted by an interview by Cherry Murray, Dean of the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Professor of Physics. It is interesting to outline the timeliness and highly predicting power of these statements. In particular, we would like to point to the relevance of the question "What will the earth's new skin permit us to feel?" to the work we are going to discuss in this paper. There are many additional compelling questions, as for example: "How can the electronic earth's skin be made more resilient?"; "How can the earth's electronic skin be improved to better satisfy the need of our society?";"What can the science of complex systems contribute to this endeavour?"

Carbone, A.; Ajmone-Marsan, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Batty, M.; Masera, M.; Rome, E.

2012-11-01

169

Interim measure work plan/design for Agra, Kansas.  

SciTech Connect

This Interim Measure Work Plan/Design (IMWP/D) is supplemental to the Argonne document Interim Measure Conceptual Design for Remediation of Source Area Contamination at Agra, Kansas. The IMWP/D includes information required by Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Policy BER-RS-029, Policy and Scope of Work for Interim Measures. Specific to Policy BER-RS-029 is the requirement for several documents that will ensure that an adequate amount and type of data are collected for implementation of the IMWP/D and that data quality and safe conditions are prevailed. Such information is included in the IMWP/D as follows: Appendix A: Data Acquisition Plan--Design Testing Requirements; Appendix B: Basis of Design; Appendix C: Permits; Appendix D: Quality Assurance Project Plan; Appendix E: Health and Safety Plan; and Appendix F: Operations, Maintenance, and Monitoring Schedule. The proposed remedial technology for this project is the installation of five large-diameter boreholes (LDBs) in a source area that has been identified on the property formerly used for grain storage by the Commodity Credit Corporation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (CCC/USDA). The goal of the LDB technology is the remediation of the source area by removal of mass quantities of contaminated soil from the vadose zone and treatment of any remaining contaminated soils that are adjacent to the source area to achieve a carbon tetrachloride concentration below 200 {micro}g/kg. Secondary to the soil remediation is the remediation of groundwater at and adjacent to the source areas. The LDB technology serves the following purposes: (1) The physical removal of contaminated soil from the identified source area. (2) Replacement of less permeable native materials (silty clay, clayey silt, and silty sand) with more permeable materials to facilitate the capture of volatilized contaminants in the vertical borehole. (3) Removal of contaminants volatilized by air sparging (AS) and extracted from the vadose zone by soil vapor extraction (SVE). (4) Volatilization of contaminants from portions of the affected aquifer that can be accessed from the former CCC/USDA property. The primary objective of the proposed removal action is removal of mass quantities of carbon tetrachloride from the vadose zone and treatment of any remaining contaminated soils that are adjacent to the source area, to achieve a carbon tetrachloride concentration below 200 {micro}g/kg. This objective will be the basis for evaluating system performance. The scope of action outlined in the IMWP/D is limited to the five treatment zones defined by the LDB/SVE/AS locations. Surrounding soils and groundwater will benefit; however, remedial benefits to groundwater will be limited to the area of influence associated with the five treatment zones. While treatment should be aggressive in the vicinity of the LDB locations, the heterogeneity, clay content, and low permeability of the soils will place inherent limits on the area of influence.

LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

2008-11-18

170

Integrating Motivational, Social, and Contextual Work Design Features: A Meta-Analytic Summary and Theoretical Extension of the Work Design Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors developed and meta-analytically examined hypotheses designed to test and extend work design theory by integrating motivational, social, and work context characteristics. Results from a summary of 259 studies and 219,625 participants showed that 14 work characteristics explained, on average, 43% of the variance in the 19 worker attitudes and behaviors examined. For example, motivational characteristics explained 25% of

Stephen E. Humphrey; Jennifer D. Nahrgang; Frederick P. Morgeson

2007-01-01

171

Integrating Task and Work Domain-Based Work Analyses in Ecological Interface Design: A Process Control Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a case study wherein several work analysis methods were incorporated in the design of a graphical interface for a petrochemical production process. We follow this case from the application of the work analysis methods, through the consolidation of information requirements, to the design of a novel interface that integrates the requirements. The findings confirm earlier

Greg A. Jamieson; Christopher A. Miller; Wayne H. Ho; Kim J. Vicente

2007-01-01

172

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

...2014-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

2014-01-01

173

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

2012-01-01

174

13 CFR 305.4 - Projects for design and engineering work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Projects for design and engineering work. 305.4 Section 305.4... § 305.4 Projects for design and engineering work. In the case of Public Works...Assistance awarded solely for design and engineering work, the following additional...

2013-01-01

175

Risk Informed Assessment of Regulatory and Design Requirements for Future Nuclear Power Plants - Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 Summary of methods proposed for risk informing the design and regulation of future nuclear power plants. All elements of the historical design and regulation process are preserved, but the methods proposed for new plants use probabilistic risk assessment methods as the primary decision making tool.

Ritterbusch, Stanley; Golay, Michael; Duran, Felicia; Galyean, William; Gupta, Abhinav; Dimitrijevic, Vesna; Malsch, Marty

2003-01-29

176

Designing future underwater vehicles: principles and mechanisms of the weakly electric fish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future underwater vehicles will be increasingly called upon to work in cluttered environments and to interact with their surroundings. These vehicles will need sensors that work efficiently at short range and be highly maneuverable at low speed. To obtain insights into principles and mechanisms of low-speed operation in cluttered environments, we examine a fish that excels in this regime, the

Malcolm A. MacIver; Ebraheem Fontaine; Joel W. Burdick

2004-01-01

177

A Future State for NASA Laboratories - Working in the 21st Century  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The name "21 st Century Laboratory" is an emerging concept of how NASA (and the world) will conduct research in the very near future. Our approach is to carefully plan for significant technological changes in products, organization, and society. The NASA mission can be the beneficiary of these changes, provided the Agency prepares for the role of 21st Century laboratories in research and technology development and its deployment in this new age. It has been clear for some time now that the technology revolutions, technology "mega-trends" that we are in the midst of now, all have a common element centered around advanced computational modeling of small scale physics. Whether it is nano technology, bio technology or advanced computational technology, all of these megatrends are converging on science at the very small scale where it is profoundly important to consider the quantum effects at play with physics at that scale. Whether it is the bio-technology creation of "nanites" designed to mimic our immune system or the creation of nanoscale infotechnology devices, allowing an order of magnitude increase in computational capability, all involve quantum physics that serves as the heart of these revolutionary changes.

Kegelman, Jerome T.; Harris, Charles E.; Antcliff, Richard R.; Bushnell, Dennis M.; Dwoyer, Douglas L.

2009-01-01

178

Development of the EUREF Velocity Model - Status and Roadmap for Future Work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Interplate and intraplate deformations are present all over Europe. They can be subdivided by their spatial or temporal nature as well as their magnitude. For example, different, partly overlapping processes are related to several geodynamic zones such as plate boundaries, micro-plates, volcanoes, (formerly) glaciated areas, hydrological basins etc. On the other side, there are long-term processes such as the Fennoscandian post-glacial rebound, episodic events such as earthquakes and many temporarily intermediate deformations from e.g. volcanic swelling or anthropogenic influences due to oil or gas extraction or CO2 sequestration. The corresponding deformations of different scales are measured as three-dimensional crustal velocities by Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) reference stations with meanwhile sufficient detail and accuracy. The IAG Reference Frame Sub-Commission for Europe (EUREF) working group on "Deformation models" aims at obtaining velocity models for Europe and adjacent areas and significantly improving the prediction of the time evolution of coordinates, thus overcoming the limitations in the use of the European Terrestrial Reference System 1989 (ETRS89). A general understanding of the physics behind such a velocity field is also a major goal. In particular, the working group will model and correct for interplate and intraplate deformations, while using the reference frame, and thus extend the useful lifetime of a realisation of the ETRS89. Hence, the purpose of this working group are twofold; first, pure scientific interests in improved knowledge of the surface deformations of Eurasia and adjacent areas, and second, providing a valuable tool in the management and use of the national realisations of the ETRS89. The work will strongly benefit from sophisticated infrastructures such as the European Plate Observing System (EPOS). Key information for improved knowledge of crustal deformations is observed motions at stations. This includes station velocities, and possible station position shifts for the case of episodic events, where the European Permanent Network (EPN) is considered as the core infrastructure. However, a denser network of GNSS stations than EPN will be needed to sample the crustal deformations sufficiently well. The availability of velocity solutions including additional stations compared to the EPN stations provided by other initiatives and projects is therefore of high interest for this initiative. The key input for the working group is the EPN densification where the dense national permanent GNSS networks are integrated with the EPN on the weekly SINEX level. There are three major activities for the development of this solution: An evaluation of station velocities, Development of a crustal deformation model for Europe, and Consideration of such a deformation model in maintenance and use of national realisations of ETRS89. The presentation will give an overview of the current status in the evaluation of station velocities based on initiatives and projects in the last two decades as well as an outlook to future work including details to the model development.

Lidberg, Martin; Steffen, Holger; Altamimi, Zuheir; Bruyninx, Carine; Caporali, Alessandro; Dousa, Jan; Habrich, Heinz; Kenyeres, Ambrus; da Silva Fernandes, Rui Manuel; Stangl, Günter

2013-04-01

179

Public transportation is not going to work : non-work travel markets for the future of mass transit  

E-print Network

For public transportation agencies to attract new riders in an automobile-dominated environment, niche markets must be targeted. The downtown journey to work is already recognized as a successful niche for transit. This ...

Cohen, Alexander Nobler, 1979-

2004-01-01

180

Participatory Design With Seniors: Design of Future Services and Iterative Refinements of Interactive eHealth Services for Old Citizens  

PubMed Central

Background There is an increasing social isolation among the elderly today. This will be an even larger issue in the future with growing numbers of elderly and less resources, for example, in terms of economy and staff. Loneliness and social isolation can, however, be addressed in several ways using different interactive eHealth services. Objective This case study investigated novel eHealth services for the elderly, and their usage of a social interactive device designed especially for them. Methods In this work, we used an innovative mobile communication device connected to the television (TV), which worked as a remotely controlled large interactive screen. The device was tested by 8 volunteers who visited a senior center. They were between 65 and 80 years of age and lived in their own homes. Throughout the 1.5 year-long project, 7 design workshops were held with the seniors and the staff at the center. During these workshops, demands and preferences regarding existing and new services were gathered. At the end of the project the participants’ experience of the device and of the services was elaborated in 3 workshops to get ideas for improved or new meaningful services. During the data analyses and development process, what seniors thought would be useful in relation to what was feasible was prioritized by the development company. Results Regarding daily usage, the seniors reported that they mainly used the service for receiving information from the senior center and for communication with other participants in the group or with younger relatives. They also read information about events at the senior center and they liked to perform a weekly sent out workout exercise. Further, they played games such as Memory and Sudoku using the device. The service development focused on three categories of services: cognitive activities, social activities, and physical activities. A cognitive activity service that would be meaningful to develop was a game for practicing working memory. In the social activities category, the seniors wanted different quizzes and multi-player games. For physical activities, the seniors desired more workout exercises and suggestions for guided walking routes. A new category, “information and news”, was suggested since they lacked services like senior-customized global and local news. Conclusions This study showed the importance of input from a group of seniors when designing new services for elderly citizens. Besides input to interactive eHealth service development for seniors, this study showed the importance of a social context around such work. The seniors were very engaged throughout the project and workshops were frequently visited and the seniors became friends. The high amount of input from the seniors could be explained in terms of social inclusion; they belonged to a group and each member was considered important for the work. The friendly workshop atmosphere facilitated new ideas and redesign of the services. PMID:25075235

2013-01-01

181

Working with Children with Severe Motor Impairments as Design Partners  

E-print Network

of technology to help those children express themselves. The project is still new, and the endeavor extremely in the design of new technology. Keywords Accessibility, children, design, disabilities, technology. ACM and their collaborators. Figure 2 shows the author meeting with two such children and an assistive technology specialist

Hornof, Anthony

182

Understanding the What Works Clearinghouse Standards for Regression Discontinuity Designs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regression discontinuity designs (RDDs) are considered to be one of the strongest nonexperimental designs available for the purpose of identifying the effects of an intervention. RDD can be used in situations in which assignment to a treatment group is based on a cutoff value on a continuous assignment variable. The impact of the intervention is…

Deke, John; Constantine, Jill

2011-01-01

183

Architectural Design for Service Supported Collaborative Work in Extended Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of service-orientation has contributed to an increased interest in Enterprise Architecture (EA) within information systems research and business. One central, yet often underestimated factor of service-orientation is the integration of services. This paper discusses the issue of service integration in the context of Extended Enterprises (EE) from an architectural perspective. Following a design science approach, the design of

Sven-Volker Rehm

2009-01-01

184

Concurrent Engineering Working Group White Paper Distributed Collaborative Design: The Next Step in Aerospace Concurrent Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As aerospace missions grow larger and more technically complex in the face of ever tighter budgets, it will become increasingly important to use concurrent engineering methods in the development of early conceptual designs because of their ability to facilitate rapid assessments and trades of performance, cost and schedule. To successfully accomplish these complex missions with limited funding, it is essential to effectively leverage the strengths of individuals and teams across government, industry, academia, and international agencies by increased cooperation between organizations. As a result, the existing concurrent engineering teams will need to increasingly engage in distributed collaborative concurrent design. The purpose of this white paper is to identify a near-term vision for the future of distributed collaborative concurrent engineering design for aerospace missions as well as discuss the challenges to achieving that vision. The white paper also documents the advantages of creating a working group to investigate how to engage the expertise of different teams in joint design sessions while enabling organizations to maintain their organizations competitive advantage.

Hihn, Jairus; Chattopadhyay, Debarati; Karpati, Gabriel; McGuire, Melissa; Panek, John; Warfield, Keith; Borden, Chester

2011-01-01

185

An Overview of the Total Lightning Jump Algorithm: Past, Present and Future Work  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rapid increases in total lightning prior to the onset of severe and hazardous weather have been observed for several decades. These rapid increases are known as lightning jumps and can precede the occurrence of severe weather by tens of minutes. Over the past decade, a significant effort has been made to quantify lightning jump behavior in relation to its utility as a predictor of severe and hazardous weather. Based on a study of 34 thunderstorms that occurred in the Tennessee Valley, early work conducted in our group at Huntsville determined that it was indeed possible to create a reasonable operational lightning jump algorithm (LJA) based on a statistical framework relying on the variance behavior of the lightning trending signal. We the expanded this framework and tested several variance-related LJA configurations on a much larger sample of 87 severe and non severe thunderstorms. This study determined that a configuration named the "2(sigma)" algorithm had the most promise in development of the operational LJA with a probability of detection (POD) of 87%, a false alarm rate (FAR) of 33%, a Heidke Skill Score (HSS) of 0.75. The 2(sigma) algorithm was then tested on an even larger sample of 711 thunderstorms of all types from four regions of the country where total lightning measurement capability existed. The result was very encouraging.Despite the larger number of storms and the inclusion of different regions of the country, the POD remained high (79%), the FAR was low (36%) and HSS was solid (0.71). Average lead time from jump to severe weather occurrence was 20.65 minutes, with a standard deviation of +/- 15 minutes. Also, trends in total lightning were compared to cloud to ground (CG) lightning trends, and it was determined that total lightning trends had a higher POD (79% vs 66%), lower FAR (36% vs 54 %) and a better HSS (0.71 vs 0.55). From the 711-storm case study it was determined that a majority of missed events were due to severe weather producing thunderstorms in low flashing environments. The latest efforts have been geared toward examining these low flashing storms in order to adjust the algorithm for such storms, thus enhancing the capability of the LJA. Future work will test the algorithm in real time using current satellite and radar based cell tracking methods, as well as, comparing total lightning jump occurrence to both satellite based and ground base observations of thunderstorms to create correlations between lightning jumps and the observed structures within thunderstorms. Finally this algorithm will need to be tested using Geostationary Lightning Mapper proxy data to transition the algorithm from VHF ground based lightning measurements to lower frequency space-based lightning measurements.

Schultz, Christopher J.; Petersen, Walter A.; Carey, Lawrence D.; Deierling, Wiebke; Kessinger, Cathy

2011-01-01

186

The once-through MSF design. Feasibility for future large capacity desalination plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the possibility of adopting the Once-Through (OT-MSF) design in place of the conventional brine recycle (BR-MSF) design for the future, large scale desalination plants. It was assumed here that efficient anti-scale chemicals would be available. Thus, a top brine temperature (TBT) of 120°C can be maintained without excessive scale formation. A comparison between the different

Ahmed M. Helal; Mufeed Odeh

2004-01-01

187

DesignStation 2000: Imagining Future Realities in Learning Systems Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes "DesignStation 2000," a software and hardware workbench for laptop computers for the design of learning systems that includes capabilities for needs analysis; client presentation and proposal generation; rapid prototyping of interactive media projects; collaboration and project tracking; assessment of results; and adding to a research…

Gayeski, Diane M., Ed.

1995-01-01

188

Assessing the Effects of a Work-Based Antipoverty Program for Parents on Youth's Future Orientation and Employment Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impacts of New Hope, a 3-year work-based antipoverty program to increase parent employment and reduce poverty, on youth ages 9-19 (N = 866) were assessed 5 years after parents left the program. New Hope had positive effects on the future orientation and employment experiences of boys, especially African American boys. Compared to boys in…

McLoyd, Vonnie C.; Kaplan, Rachel; Purtell, Kelly M.; Huston, Aletha C.

2011-01-01

189

Conclusions and future work We have pointed out the importance of proximity graphs as scaffolds for clustering  

E-print Network

of the average error for the true geodesic distances. Future work: manifold-aligned noise model; noise model for non-Euclidean data; study stochastic graphs. 7 Results: dimens. reduction (Isomap) Ellipse, high noise dataset, we examine the preservation of geodesic distances for several graph types (each over a range

Carreira-Perpiñán, Miguel Á.

190

Workflow Agents vs. Expert Systems: Problem Solving Methods in Work Systems Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the 1980s, a community of artificial intelligence researchers became interested in formalizing problem solving methods as part of an effort called "second generation expert systems" (2nd GES). How do the motivations and results of this research relate to building tools for the workplace today? We provide an historical review of how the theory of expertise has developed, a progress report on a tool for designing and implementing model-based automation (Brahms), and a concrete example how we apply 2nd GES concepts today in an agent-based system for space flight operations (OCAMS). Brahms incorporates an ontology for modeling work practices, what people are doing in the course of a day, characterized as "activities." OCAMS was developed using a simulation-to-implementation methodology, in which a prototype tool was embedded in a simulation of future work practices. OCAMS uses model-based methods to interactively plan its actions and keep track of the work to be done. The problem solving methods of practice are interactive, employing reasoning for and through action in the real world. Analogously, it is as if a medical expert system were charged not just with interpreting culture results, but actually interacting with a patient. Our perspective shifts from building a "problem solving" (expert) system to building an actor in the world. The reusable components in work system designs include entire "problem solvers" (e.g., a planning subsystem), interoperability frameworks, and workflow agents that use and revise models dynamically in a network of people and tools. Consequently, the research focus shifts so "problem solving methods" include ways of knowing that models do not fit the world, and ways of interacting with other agents and people to gain or verify information and (ultimately) adapt rules and procedures to resolve problematic situations.

Clancey, William J.; Sierhuis, Maarten; Seah, Chin

2009-01-01

191

The future of tau physics and tau-charm detector and factory design  

SciTech Connect

Future research on the tau lepton requires large statistics, thorough investigation of systematic errors, and direct experimental knowledge of backgrounds. Only a tau-charm factory with a specially designed detector can provide all the experimental conditions to meet these requirements. This paper is a summary of three lectures delivered at the 1991 Lake Louise Winter Institute.

Perl, M.L.

1991-02-01

192

A Political Cultural Map to Future Wilderness, Monument and Park Designation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines western American political (sub)culture as it pertains to past and future wilderness, monument and park designation. It thus provides a sort of rough map, or cultural compass, in determining the most likely political obstacles (other than political institutions) and detours in the creation of new nonmultiple use areas. It explores landmarks such as Western environmental public opinion,

M. A. Nie

2000-01-01

193

How to improve the design of the electrical system in future wind power plants  

E-print Network

How to improve the design of the electrical system in future wind power plants I. Arana, L Overvoltages and Protection in Offshore Wind Power Grids focus on the transient and temporary overvoltages of this project are DTU, DONG Energy and Siemens Wind Power. The Ph.D. project Harmonics in Large Offshore Wind

Bak, Claus Leth

194

Involving Assessment Buddies in the Assessment of Design Project Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the impact of a specially developed assessment and feedback system implemented within a second year industrial design module at Coventry University, UK. The "Assessment Buddy" system was developed in response to the need for a successful assessment and feedback method that could cope with the complexities of a creative…

Osmond, Jane; Clough, Brian

2012-01-01

195

Long-pulse laser design and experimental work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long pulse laser starts to have a prominent role in many applications. So, How to design and calculate the parameters of the high power long-pulse solid-state laser is illustrated, experimentally and arithmetically. How to design a pumping chamber is illustrated, with a double-ellipse cavity. Optical resonator losses are got experimentally in details. Efficiency factor and system slope efficiency are calculated experimentally. Illustration for how to get the optimum mirror reflectivity is mentioned. Beam waist and beam divergence also studied experimentally. The designed system has 10J output energy with pulse width 20msec for efficiency factor 1.1% and a combined loss 0.181 inside resonator. Average system efficiency, gain coefficient and fluorescence power for four different output mirror reflectivity are 0.328%, 0.00994cm-1 and 144.92W respectively. 6KW/cm2 power density inside resonator is obtained which corresponds to 585W maximum output power. An optimum mirror reflectivity 57% is for 208.2KW input power. The beam waist and beam divergence are recorded to be 0.66cm and 8.86mrad. Calculations show that, 11.7J output energy can be obtained by more optimization based on the designed system.

Helal, Osama; Yong, Tan; Yunfeng, Ding; Cai, HongXing

2013-09-01

196

Work experience versus refactoring to design patterns: a controlled experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Program refactoring using design patterns is an attractive approach for facilitating anticipated changes. Its benefit depends on at least two factors, namely the effort involved in the refactoring and how effective it is. For example, the benefit would be small if too much effort is required to translate a program correctly into a refactorized form, and whether such a form

T. H. Ng; S. C. Cheung; W. K. Chan; Y. T. Yu

2006-01-01

197

Program Evaluation and Research Designs. NBER Working Paper No. 16016  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides a selective review of some contemporary approaches to program evaluation. One motivation for our review is the recent emergence and increasing use of a particular kind of "program" in applied microeconomic research, the so-called Regression Discontinuity (RD) Design of Thistlethwaite and Campbell (1960). We organize our…

DiNardo, John; Lee, David S.

2010-01-01

198

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

199

SET for the Future: Working towards Inclusive Science, Engineering and Technology Curricula in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"SET (Science, Engineering, and Technology) for the Future," a research/action project at Scotland's Heriot-Watt University, surveyed SET students' education experience, compared information with previous research, and used results to modify two SET modules to increase the participation of women students and improve their experiences. Discusses…

Cronin, Catherine; Foster, Maureen; Lister, Elizabeth

1999-01-01

200

Critical Literacy, the Future of English and the Work of Mourning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I use the occasion of farewelling my Year 12 students at the end of their schooling, some intertextual references to "Hamlet", and some conceptual frames of Derrida, to reflect dialogically on the role of critical literacy in Australian English curricula in the past, the present and into the future. (Contains 11 notes.)

Howie, Mark

2008-01-01

201

Career Development and the Future World of Work for Executive Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women continue to be underrepresented at senior management level in large UK and US corporations despite growing organisational sensitivity to diversity issues and government initiatives. This study addresses how and whether this situation might change in the future, and the implications for career development from the perspective of senior women…

Collins, Samantha L.; Walton, John S.

2006-01-01

202

Future of Forensic DNA Testing: Predictions of the Research and Development Working Group.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is divided into a summary and two main sections. The first of these, Technology, Present and Future, is in nontechnical language and intended for a general readership. The second, Appendix, Technical Summaries, is for those who want more detail...

2000-01-01

203

Imagination. It's the Washington Way. Every day we build the future of innovative systems. Students and faculty come together in Human Centered Design & Engineering  

E-print Network

, and from usability research to computer-supported cooperative work, we are designing the future of tomorrow. COMMITMENT TO EDUCATION Our curriculum emphasizes student-centered and hands-on learning. Beyond learn the newest communication technologies and practices, the most effective information

204

Bridging Work Practice and System Design: Integrating Systemic Analysis, Appreciative Intervention and Practitioner Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the integration of work practice and system design. By scrutinising the unfolding discourse of workshop participants the co-construction of work practice issues as relevant design considerations is described. Through a mutual exploration of ethnography and participatory design the contributing constituents to the co-construction process are identified and put forward as elements in the integration of `systemic analysis'

Helena Karasti

2001-01-01

205

Getting others to get it right: an ethnography of design work in the fashion industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports an ethnographic study of design work in the fashion industry. Contrary tomany images of fashion design, in this setting, it is essentially tied to organizational and inter-organizational coordination, and the demands of manufacture and supply chain management. Relatively little design work involves artistic drawing, much requires retrieval from databases, data analysis, information gathering and matters which members

James Pycock; John Bowers

1996-01-01

206

7?Redesigning Work Design Theories: The Rise of Relational and Proactive Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scholars assume that the fundamental questions about work design have been answered. However, a global shift from manufacturing economies to service and knowledge economies has dramatically altered the nature of work in organizations. To keep pace with these important and rapid changes, work design theory and research is undergoing a transformation. We trace the highlights of two emerging viewpoints

Adam M. Grant; Sharon K. Parker

2009-01-01

207

Spectrum and orbit conservation as a factor in future mobile satellite system design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Access to the radio spectrum and geostationary orbit is essential to current and future mobile satellite systems. This access is difficult to obtain for current systems, and may be even more so for larger future systems. In this environment, satellite systems that minimize the amount of spectrum orbit resource required to meet a specific traffic requirement are essential. Several spectrum conservation techniques are discussed, some of which are complementary to designing the system at minimum cost. All may need to be implemented to the limits of technological feasibility if network growth is not to be constrained because of the lack of available spectrum-orbit resource.

Bowen, Robert R.

1990-01-01

208

Understanding the Design Context for Australian University Teachers: Implications for the Future of Learning Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the premise that providing support for university teachers in designing for their teaching will ultimately improve the quality of student learning outcomes, recent interest in the development of support tools and strategies has gained momentum. This article reports on a study that examined the context in which Australian university…

Bennett, Sue; Thomas, Lisa; Agostinho, Shirley; Lockyer, Lori; Jones, Jennifer; Harper, Barry

2011-01-01

209

Working Memory Involved in Predicting Future Outcomes Based on Past Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). "Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions." "Neuropsychology," 18, 152-162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair…

Dretsch, Michael N.; Tipples, Jason

2008-01-01

210

Working memory involved in predicting future outcomes based on past experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions. Neuropsy- chology, 18, 152–162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair task performance [Hinson, J., Jameson, T. &

Michael N. Dretsch; Jason Tipples

2007-01-01

211

Working memory involved in predicting future outcomes based on past experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deficits in working memory have been shown to contribute to poor performance on the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT: Bechara, A., & Martin, E.M. (2004). Impaired decision making related to working memory deficits in individuals with substance addictions. Neuropsychology, 18, 152–162]. Similarly, a secondary memory load task has been shown to impair task performance [Hinson, J., Jameson, T. & Whitney, P.

Michael N. Dretsch; Jason Tipples

2008-01-01

212

Preparing School Social Work for the Future: An Update of School Social Workers' Tasks in Iowa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors begin this article by highlighting clinical social casework as a historic trend in school social work practice. They then identify two major shifts in current education policy related to school social work practice. One shift is an emphasis on a multilevel intervention approach, and the other is the differentiation between academic and…

Peckover, Christopher A.; Vasquez, Matthew L.; Van Housen, Stephanie L.; Saunders, Jeanne A.; Allen, Larry

2013-01-01

213

The Future of Work: Insights, Views, Prospects. Basis-Info: Social Policy. IN Press.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people must prepare themselves for lifelong learning and frequent job changes. Optimists predict a new world of work with many creative, interesting, satisfying jobs; pessimists believe society will finally run out of work and foresee unemployment and social downgrading for a majority of people. There are indications at present of both…

Bechtel, Michael

214

Designing Computerized Decision Support That Works for Clinicians and Families  

PubMed Central

Evidence-based decision-making is central to the practice of pediatrics. Clinical trials and other biomedical research provide a foundation for this process, and practice guidelines, drawing from their results, inform the optimal management of an increasing number of childhood health problems. However, many clinicians fail to adhere to guidelines. Clinical decision support delivered using health information technology, often in the form of electronic health records, provides a tool to deliver evidence-based information to the point of care and has the potential to overcome barriers to evidence-based practice. An increasing literature now informs how these systems should be designed and implemented to most effectively improve outcomes in pediatrics. Through the examples of computerized physician order entry, as well as the impact of alerts at the point of care on immunization rates, the delivery of evidence-based asthma care, and the follow-up of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the following review addresses strategies for success in using these tools. The following review argues that, as decision support evolves, the clinician should no longer be the sole target of information and alerts. Through the Internet and other technologies, families are increasingly seeking health information and gathering input to guide health decisions. By enlisting clinical decision support systems to deliver evidence-based information to both clinicians and families, help families express their preferences and goals, and connect families to the medical home, clinical decision support may ultimately be most effective in improving outcomes. PMID:21315295

Fiks, Alexander G.

2011-01-01

215

Proficiency testing in analytical chemistry, microbiology and laboratory medicine: working discussions on current practice and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A summary of the working group (WG) discussions on proficiency testing (PT) and external quality assessment (EQA) held at\\u000a the Eurachem Workshop, Rome, 5–7 October 2008 is provided. The eight WG’s covered a range of issues concerned with current\\u000a practice and future directions; how frequently should laboratories participate in PT\\/EQA? (WG1); developments in PT\\/EQA within\\u000a the EU—what is required in

Maria Belli; Brian Brookman; Beatriz de la Calle; Vivienne James; Michael Koch; Nineta Majcen; Antonio Menditto; Tracey Noblett; Roberto Perissi; Kees van Putten; Piotr Robouch; Tommy Šlapokas; Philip Taylor; Daniel Tholen; Annette Thomas; Barry Tylee

2009-01-01

216

Virtual Planning at Work: A Tour of NASA Future Flight Central  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

FutureFlight Central will permit integration of tomorrow's technologies in a risk-free simulation of any airport, airfield, and tower cab environment. The facility provides an opportunity for airlines to mitigate passenger delays by fine tuning airport hub operations, gate management and ramp movement procedures. It also allows airport managers an opportunity to study effects of various improvements at their airports. Finally, it enables air traffic controllers to provide feedback and to become familiar with new airport operations and technologies before final installation.

McClenahen, Jim; Dorighi, Nancy S. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

217

The "LARSE" Project - Working Toward a Safer Future for Los Angeles  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Los Angeles region is underlain by a network of active faults, including many that are deep and do not break the Earth's surface. These hidden faults include the previously unknown one responsible for the devastating January 1994 Northridge earthquake, the costliest quake in U.S. history. So that structures can be built or strengthened to withstand the quakes that are certain in the future, the Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (LARSE) is locating hidden earthquake hazards beneath the region to help scientists determine where the strongest shaking will occur.

Henyey, Thomas L.; Fuis, Gary S.; Benthien, Mark L.; Burdette, Thomas R.; Christofferson, Shari A.; Clayton, Robert W.; Davis, Paul M.; Hendley, James W.; Kohler, Monica D.; Lutter, William J.; McRaney, John K.; Murphy, Janice M.; Okaya, David A.; Ryberg, Trond; Similia, Gerald W.; Stauffer, Peter H.

1999-01-01

218

Predictors of functional improvement and future work status after the disability benefit claim: a prospective cohort study.  

PubMed

Objective In most industrialized countries, disability benefit rates have increased substantially in the past decade. Few beneficiaries return into employment once disability benefit is awarded. The present study aims to investigate which factors predict functional improvement and future work status among persons claiming disability benefit after having been on long-term sickness leave. Methods Prospective cohort study with 1 year follow-up among disability claimants (n = 375; response rate: 24.3 %) conducted in the Netherlands (October 2008-April 2011). Logistic regression was used to analyze associations between predictors [demographics; outcomes of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12); 10-item Kessler Psychological Distress scale; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; Trimbos/iMTA questionnaire for Costs associated with Psychiatric Illness; Utrecht Coping List; Social Support Questionnaire for Transactions and Satisfaction; certified International Classification of Diseases 10th edition (ICD-10) diagnosis; loss of earning capacity (LEC)] and outcomes [functional improvement on the World Health Organization Disability Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) exceeding the standard error of measurement; work status at follow-up]. Results Functional improvement on total WHODAS was reported by 84 (31.9 % of 263 claimants included in analysis). Of those not having work at baseline (n = 338), 34 (9.1 %) respondents had paid work 1 year later. Predictors of functional improvement: GHQ-12 sum score >20 [odds ratios (OR) 2.9; 95 % confidence intervals (CI) 1.54-5.34]; of future work status: work status at baseline (OR 16.8; 95 % CI 6.55-43.14), LEC < 80 % (OR 4.6; 95 % CI 1.87-11.42), contact with a medical specialist (OR 0.4; 95 % CI 0.19-0.87). Conclusions Only a limited number of factors were found to significantly predict functional improvement and return to paid work after the disability benefit claim, having paid work at baseline being by far the most important factor. PMID:24519320

Cornelius, L R; van der Klink, J J L; de Boer, M R; Groothoff, J W; Brouwer, S

2014-12-01

219

Working Notes from the 1992 AAAI Workshop on Automating Software Design. Theme: Domain Specific Software Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this workshop is to identify different architectural approaches to building domain-specific software design systems and to explore issues unique to domain-specific (vs. general-purpose) software design. Some general issues that cut across the particular software design domain include: (1) knowledge representation, acquisition, and maintenance; (2) specialized software design techniques; and (3) user interaction and user interface.

Keller, Richard M. (editor); Barstow, David; Lowry, Michael R.; Tong, Christopher H.

1992-01-01

220

Financing College in Hard Times: Work and Student Aid. The CSU Crisis and California's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the third in a series of reports designed to analyze the impact of the fiscal cutbacks on opportunity for higher education in the California State University system, the huge network of 23 universities that provide the greatest amount of Bachelor of Arts (BA) level of education in the state. The first study, "Higher Tuition, More…

Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2011

2011-01-01

221

The ERCIM working group on software evolution: the past and the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ERCIM Working Group on Software Evolution is celebrating its 5th anniversary. On this occasion, we review the goals that we have set ourselves and have a look at what we have achieved so far. We also look forward by revisiting and updating the challenges in software evolution we have identified a couple of years ago, and discussing their relevance

Tom Mens

2009-01-01

222

Initial Report of the Working Group on Physics Opportunities with Future Proton Accelerators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In accord with our mandate, we present in this preliminary report an initial survey of the physics opportunities that could be provided by possible developments and upgrades of the present CERN Proton Accelerator Complex. We are working in close liaison with PAF, having already held several joint meetings and ensured cross-participation by group members in each others' meetings. We highlight

A. Blondel; L. Camilleri; A. Ceccucci; J. Ellis; M. Lindroos; M. Mangano; G. Rolandi

223

Crafting a Future in Science: Tracing Middle School Girls' Identity Work over Time and Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The underrepresentation of girls from nondominant backgrounds in the sciences and engineering continues despite recent gains in achievement. This longitudinal ethnographic study traces the identity work that girls from nondominant backgrounds do as they engage in science-related activities across school, club, and home during the middle school…

Barton, Angela Calabrese; Kang, Hosun; Tan, Edna; O'Neill, Tara B.; Bautista-Guerra, Juanita; Brecklin, Caitlin

2013-01-01

224

Informing the Future: A Plan for Higher Education for the Eighties. Working Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major issues affecting higher education in Texas in the 1980s are identified in 20 working papers from outside consultants, the academic community, and Texas College and University System Coordinating Board staff. Topics and authors include: higher education in Texas in the 1980s (Christopher Dede); leadership in higher education (Joseph…

Texas Coll. and Univ. System, Austin. Coordinating Board.

225

New Models of Working and Learning: How Young People Are Shaping Their Futures Differently  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about the way in which young people are increasingly adopting dual identities--worker and learner--during the long transition from full-time student to full-time worker. Part-time jobs undertaken while in full-time education provide opportunities for learning about work and may lead to full-time careers in the same industry area.…

Smith, Erica

2009-01-01

226

The Role of Work Experience in the Future Employability of Higher Education Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many new graduates are finding it difficult to obtain graduate-level work and impossible to break into the sectors they were aiming at. In order to address this, higher education institutions are examining the methods they use to enhance student employability and deploying various measures to grow and strengthen this activity, with an increasing…

Helyer, Ruth; Lee, Dionne

2014-01-01

227

A Review of the Empirical Generations at Work Research: Implications for School Leaders and Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most schools currently employ three generations of teachers and leaders: Baby Boomers (1946-65), Generation X (1966-80) and Generation Y (1981-2003). However, the implications for school leaders of multi-generational schools remain relatively unexplored. This paper examines the empirical multi-disciplinary generations at work evidence to identify…

Edge, Karen

2014-01-01

228

What Adolescents Can Tell Us: Technology and the Future of Social Work Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use and usefulness of Information Technology (IT) is rapidly growing around the world, especially among the youth. IT has been shown to impact learning styles, communication, and social relationships in many ways. Recently, significant discussion has arisen around the importance of IT in higher education and more specifically, social work education. This study qualitatively assesses 128 youth aged 13–14

Brian K. Ahmedani; Rena D. Harold; Victoria A. Fitton; Erica D. Shifflet Gibson

2010-01-01

229

Building a sustainable future with decent work in Asia and the Pacific  

E-print Network

, commercial product or process is not a sign of disapproval. ILO publications and electronic products can- nizations, to make employment and social protection integral elements of a sustainable recovery, using approach, applying the Decent Work Agenda to the crisis response. The policy measures outlined

230

The Construct of Resilience: A Critical Evaluation and Guidelines for Future Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a critical appraisal of resilience, a construct connoting the maintenance of positive adapta- tion by individuals despite experiences of significant adversity. As empirical research on resilience has bur- geoned in recent years, criticisms have been levied at work in this area. These critiques have generally focused on ambiguities in definitions and central terminology; heterogeneity in risks experienced

Suniya S. Luthar; Dante Cicchetti; Bronwyn Becker

2000-01-01

231

Response: Uses of History in Creating New Futures--A Science-Informed Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work is a profession that draws (or should draw) on available knowledge in the disciplines as well as other sources including other professions in the pursuit of "the betterment of life conditions of individuals, groups, and communities." An historical perspective illustrates opportunities taken and lost to harvest knowledge in pursuit of…

Gambrill, Eileen

2012-01-01

232

Secondary Analysis in Social Work Research Education: Past, Present, and Future Promise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the emergence of secondary analysis of data (SA) as a methodology for examining questions of relevance for social work and its implications for student education. Given the rapid expansion of available data archives from agencies, governmental and research sources, and technological advances in accessibility and ease of use,…

Sales, Esther; Lichtenwalter, Sara; Fevola, Antonio

2006-01-01

233

Risk-informed assessment of regulatory and design requirements for future nuclear power plants. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

OAK B188 Risk-informed assessment of regulatory and design requirements for future nuclear power plants. Annual report. The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-formed approach for the design and regulation of nuclear power plants. This approach will include the development and/or confirmation of corresponding regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major impediment to long term competitiveness of new nuclear plants in the U.S. is the capital cost component--which may need to be reduced on the order of 35% to 40% for Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWRS) such as System 80+ and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR). The required cost reduction for an ALWR such as AP600 or AP1000 would be expected to be less. Such reductions in capital cost will require a fundamental reevaluation of the industry standards and regulatory bases under which nuclear plants are designed and licensed. Fortunately, there is now an increasing awareness that many of the existing regulatory requirements and industry standards are not significantly contributing to safety and reliability and, therefore, are unnecessarily adding to nuclear plant costs. Not only does this degrade the economic competitiveness of nuclear energy, it results in unnecessary costs to the American electricity consumer. While addressing these concerns, this research project will be coordinated with current efforts of industry and NRC to develop risk-informed, performance-based regulations that affect the operation of the existing nuclear plants; however, this project will go further by focusing on the design of new plants.

NONE

2000-08-01

234

Operator Station Design System - A computer aided design approach to work station layout  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Operator Station Design System is resident in NASA's Johnson Space Center Spacecraft Design Division Performance Laboratory. It includes stand-alone minicomputer hardware and Panel Layout Automated Interactive Design and Crew Station Assessment of Reach software. The data base consists of the Shuttle Transportation System Orbiter Crew Compartment (in part), the Orbiter payload bay and remote manipulator (in part), and various anthropometric populations. The system is utilized to provide panel layouts, assess reach and vision, determine interference and fit problems early in the design phase, study design applications as a function of anthropometric and mission requirements, and to accomplish conceptual design to support advanced study efforts.

Lewis, J. L.

1979-01-01

235

Can Presenting Examples Improve Designers' Work? Creating Better Interfaces through Adaptive Display  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designers frequently use examples for inspiration. Informa- tion technologies have facilitated designers' access to ex- amples. This paper examines the hypothesis that designers can realize significant value from explicit mechanisms for creation by example modification. The work offers two contributions. First, we introduce techniques for dynamical- ly creating interfaces for example-based design tools using decision-theoretic selection, designer specification, and end-user

Brian Lee; Savil Srivastava; Ronen Brafman; Scott R Klemmer

236

Group-Work in the Design of Complex Adaptive Learning Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a case study where twelve graduate students undertook the demanding role of the adaptive e-course developer and worked collaboratively on an authentic and complex design task in the context of open and distance tertiary education. The students had to work in groups in order to conceptualise and design a learning scenario for…

Mavroudi, Anna; Hadzilacos, Thanasis

2013-01-01

237

What is coordination theory and how can it help design cooperative work systems?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is possible to design cooperative work tools based only on “common sense” and good intuitions. But the history of technology is replete with examples of good theories greatly aiding the development of useful technology. Where, then, might we look for theories to help us design computer-supported cooperative work tools? In this paper, we will describe one possible perspective—the interdisciplinary

Thomas W. Malone; Kevin Crowston

1990-01-01

238

[The "Mining Rescue System and Mine Fires" Working Group. Tasks, results, future activities].  

PubMed

The president of the working party presents details of its principal tasks in the past and in the present time. These can be summed up in a study of the problems mentioned below and the subsequent elaboration of recommendations for the benefit of the governments, guidelines, information reports and research proposals. The principal problems that were or are still under study are: --prevention of fires: shaft equipment, hydraulic fluids, belt conveyors, . . .; --detection of mine fires and spontaneous combustion; --fighting of mine fires: shaft fires, construction of stoppings, openings and recovering of fire zones, . . .; --coordination and rescue equipment: escape and rescue breathing apparatus, flameproof clothing, rescue of trapped miners; --stabilization of ventilation in the event of fire, . . . The speaker stresses the importance of the information exchange and the atmosphere of fellowship and solidarity that prevails in the working party. PMID:6622911

Coenders, A

1983-01-01

239

The ESA Polar Platform - A work-horse for future earth observation missions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Polar Platform (PP) developed by ESA is described in terms of the contributions in the low-altitude sun-synchronous polar orbit to the campaign of earth observations. The PP is described demonstrating the utilization of SPOT and ERS technologies in a design comprising service and payload modules. The payload module provides data-management, communications, and thermal-control subsystems, and the service module incorporates

G. G. Reibaldi; J. L. Cendral

1992-01-01

240

Thinking About the Future Cognitive Remediation Therapy--What Works and Could We Do Better?  

PubMed Central

This article reviews progress in the development of effective cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) and its translational process. There is now enough evidence that cognitive difficulties experienced by people with schizophrenia can change and that the agenda for the next generation of studies is to increase these effects systematically through cognitive remediation. We examine the necessary steps and challenges of moving CRT to treatment dissemination. Theories which have been designed to explain the effects of cognitive remediation, are important but we conclude that they are not essential for dissemination which could progress in an empirical fashion. One apparent barrier is that cognitive remediation therapies look different on the surface. However, they still tend to use many of the same training procedures. The only important marker for outcome identified in the current studies seems to be the training emphasis. Some therapies concentrate on massed practice of cognitive functions, whereas others also use direct training of strategies. These may produce differing effects as noted in the most recent meta-analyses. We recommend attention to several critical issues in the next generation of empirical studies. These include developing more complex models of the therapy effects that take into account participant characteristics, specific and broad cognitive outcomes, the study design, as well as the specific and nonspecific effects of treatment, which have rarely been investigated in this empirical programme. PMID:21860051

Wykes, Til; Spaulding, Will D.

2011-01-01

241

Past and Future Work on Radiobiology Mega-Studies: A Case Study At Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Between 1952 and 1992, more than 200 large radiobiology studies were conducted in research institutes throughout Europe, North America, and Japan to determine the effects of external irradiation and internal emitters on the lifespan and tissue toxicity development in animals. At Argonne National Laboratory, 22 external beam studies were conducted on nearly 700 beagle dogs and 50,000 mice between 1969 and 1992. These studies helped to characterize the effects of neutron and gamma irradiation on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and mutagenesis across a range of doses and dosing patterns. The records and tissues collected at Argonne during that time period have been carefully preserved and redisseminated. Using these archived data, ongoing statistical work has been done and continues to characterize quality of radiation, dose, dose rate, tissue, and gender-specific differences in the radiation responses of exposed animals. The ongoing application of newly-developed molecular biology techniques to the archived tissues has revealed gene-specific mutation rates following exposure to ionizing irradiation. The original and ongoing work with this tissue archive is presented here as a case study of a more general trend in the radiobiology megastudies. These experiments helped form the modern understanding of radiation responses in animals and continue to inform development of new radiation models. Recent archival efforts have facilitated open access to the data and materials produced by these studies, and so a unique opportunity exists to expand this continued research.

Haley, Benjamin; Wang, Qiong; Wanzer, Beau; Vogt, Stefan; Finney, Lydia; Yang, Ping Liu; Paunesku, Tatjana; Woloschak, Gayle

2011-09-06

242

FREE-LANCE ILLUSTRATORS/GRAPHIC DESIGNERS WHO HAVE WORKED ON PROJECTS FOR SEAS  

E-print Network

FREE-LANCE ILLUSTRATORS/GRAPHIC DESIGNERS WHO HAVE WORKED ON PROJECTS FOR SEAS KAZUKO NOMOTO St. NY NY 10018 (212) 220-9157 aaron@ba-reps.com ANDREW SHEA Andrew Shea is a graphic designer on projects that involve illustrations, and designing web sites, branding systems, catalogs and printed

Yang, Junfeng

243

Simulation Design and Application of Music Playing Robot Based on SolidWorks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In accordance with the requirement of playing music, a music playing robot for performing a piece on a xylophone is developed. The principle and technique of simulation design is introduced. Three dimensions model of the robot is built by SolidWorks software. Parameterized design, virtual assembly, motion simulation and optimization design of the robot have been discussed. Diagrammatic curve of motion

Tingjun Wang; Shenshun Hu; Jun Xu; Dewei Yan; Jiawen Bi

2009-01-01

244

How Web Banner Designers Work: The Role of Internal Dialogues, Self-Evaluations, and  

E-print Network

How Web Banner Designers Work: The Role of Internal Dialogues, Self-Evaluations, and Impiicit with web banner designers, combined with retrospective protocols, reveai implicit theories ofthe of imaginary audiences with whom web banner designers engage in imaginary dialogues. The dialogues reveal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

245

Toward A Taxonomy of Interaction Design Techniques for Externalizing in Creative Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Externalizing, the act of creating and modifying an external representation, plays a crucial role in creative design work. Whether a tool supports externalizing in a designer's desirable manner depends not only on what the tool does but also on its interaction design; how a user interacts with the tool through what representations. As an initial attempt to the development of

Kumiyo Nakakoji; Yasuhiro Yamamoto

2003-01-01

246

What is Coordination Theory and How Can It Help Design Cooperative Work Systems  

E-print Network

, inpart, on how people work together now and how they might do so differently with new informationWhat is Coordination Theory and How Can It Help Design Cooperative Work Systems S Trse.das l3Q3 Cooperative Work, Los Angeles, California, October, 1990. 1_111 #12;What is Coordination Theory and How Can

Crowston, Kevin

247

Lessons Learned and Technical Standards: A Logical Marriage for Future Space Systems Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive database of engineering lessons learned that corresponds with relevant technical standards will be a valuable asset to those engaged in studies on future space vehicle developments, especially for structures, materials, propulsion, control, operations and associated elements. In addition, this will enable the capturing of technology developments applicable to the design, development, and operation of future space vehicles as planned in the Space Launch Initiative. Using the time-honored tradition of passing on lessons learned while utilizing the newest information technology, NASA has launched an intensive effort to link lessons learned acquired through various Internet databases with applicable technical standards. This paper will discuss the importance of lessons learned, the difficulty in finding relevant lessons learned while engaged in a space vehicle development, and the new NASA effort to relate them to technical standards that can help alleviate this difficulty.

Gill, Paul S.; Garcia, Danny; Vaughan, William W.; Parker, Nelson C. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

248

SpyCam and RoboCam: An Application of the Future Technology Workshop Method to the Design of New Technology for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Future Technology Workshop is a method for the design of future socio-technical systems. It builds upon existing participatory design techniques and provides a way of exploring the interactions between technologies and activities, now and in the future. The method has been applied to the design of future imaging technologies for children. Prototypes of such technologies have been produced and

Giasemi N Vavoula; Mike Sharples; James Cross; Chris Baber

249

Summary of Working Group 3: Machine Design and R&D  

Microsoft Academic Search

This year's NuFact machine working group included 32 talks on machine studies and component R&D on most subsystems of a Neutrino Factory. We also had lively discussions on several issues and held a joint session with the intense muon physics group on future muon beam facilities.

Y. Torun; H. Haseroth; S. Machida; T. Yokoi

2005-01-01

250

New computing systems, future computing environment, and their implications on structural analysis and design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent advances in computer technology that are likely to impact structural analysis and design of flight vehicles are reviewed. A brief summary is given of the advances in microelectronics, networking technologies, and in the user-interface hardware and software. The major features of new and projected computing systems, including high performance computers, parallel processing machines, and small systems, are described. Advances in programming environments, numerical algorithms, and computational strategies for new computing systems are reviewed. The impact of the advances in computer technology on structural analysis and the design of flight vehicles is described. A scenario for future computing paradigms is presented, and the near-term needs in the computational structures area are outlined.

Noor, Ahmed K.; Housner, Jerrold M.

1993-01-01

251

Educational Systems for Promoting the Independent and Sustainable Work for the Engineering Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Educational systems promoting the independent and sustainable work for the engineering design were constructed. These systems consisted of a point system of the practice technology, rules of the selection for two courses of Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, an educational system for fostering abilities of the engineering design and evaluations by outsiders of the work produced through the engineering design. As a result of synergistic effects by these systems, it was confirmed that the practice ability and the continual improvement ability for the engineering design were improved.

Inaba, Seiki; Tokoro, Tetsuro; Habuchi, Hitoe; Yamada, Hirobumi

252

Intelligent Agents and Their Potential for Future Design and Synthesis Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Intelligent Agents and Their Potential for Future Design and Synthesis Environment, held at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, September 16-17, 1998. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the University of Virginia's Center for Advanced Computational Technology and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, industry and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to assess the status of intelligent agents technology and to identify the potential of software agents for use in future design and synthesis environment. The presentations covered the current status of agent technology and several applications of intelligent software agents. Certain materials and products are identified in this publication in order to specify adequately the materials and products that were investigated in the research effort. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement of products by NASA, nor does it imply that the materials and products are the only ones or the best ones available for this purpose. In many cases equivalent materials and products are available and would probably produce equivalent results.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler); Malone, John B. (Compiler)

1999-01-01

253

Experiences in using role-playing, computer game and physical acting to enhance user involvement in design of future applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of information technology in everyday life is increasing and getting more and more ambient in our daily environments. The environments are supposed to be intelligent, adaptive, intuitive, interactive and proactive in the future. User participation for future concept building is essential but challenging when designing appliances that might be unfamiliar in their appearance, functionality and impressiveness compared to

Veikko Ikonen

2004-01-01

254

Anticipating the use of future things: towards a framework for prospective use analysis in innovation design projects.  

PubMed

Anticipation of future product use is a persistent issue in User-Centered Design. In this paper, we argue that one obstacle to early integration of use analysis in innovation design is overreliance on retrospective use analysis, i.e. that which is based on clear references to existing products or activities. In contrast, innovation design projects are full of uncertainty, leading to a need for prospective analysis. After having described some limitations of prospective use analysis, we contend that creativity tools may be used to assist the anticipation of future product use, by allowing designers to approach the variability of situations of future use in a structured manner rather than by "muddling through". We illustrate the expected benefits of this approach with two case studies, and describe some prospects for future research and practice in ergonomics. PMID:23680450

Nelson, Julien; Buisine, Stéphanie; Aoussat, Améziane

2013-11-01

255

Personal Leadership in Practice: A Critical Approach to Instructional Design Innovation Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An argument is made in this article for a link between leadership and innovation, when innovation is an outcome of the work approaches and practices that underpin an educational technologist's academic course designs. The practice of instructional design (ID) is continually being challenged to rethink its conceptualization of academic course…

Ashbaugh, Marcia L.

2013-01-01

256

The Worked-Example Effect Using Ill-Defined Problems: Learning to Recognise Designers' Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research uses cognitive load theory and theories of visual literacy to provide a theoretical underpinning for techniques to improve students' ability to recognise designers' styles in higher education. Using a lecture followed by tutorial format, students were required to learn the characteristics needed to identify a designer's work either…

Rourke, Arianne; Sweller, John

2009-01-01

257

Working Out a Common Task: Design and Evaluation of User-Intelligent System Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Abstract. This paper describes the design and user evaluation of an intelligent user interface intended to mediate between users and an Adaptive Information Extraction (AIE) system. The design goal was to support a synergistic and co- operative work. Laboratory tests showed the approach was efficient and effec- tive; focus groups were run to assess its ease of use. Logs,

Daniela Petrelli; Vitaveska Lanfranchi; Fabio Ciravegna

2005-01-01

258

Categorization and modeling of information work for H-journal design.  

PubMed Central

This paper reports on a doctoral research project that examined the work of reference librarians in the health sciences domain. Categories of information work are derived and used to build Hyper-MedLib, a proof-of-concept h-journal. Findings from this study may be used in the design of electronic documents and information systems for the practice environments. PMID:8947690

Sundaram, A.

1996-01-01

259

The Iterative Design Process in Research and Development: A Work Experience Paper  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The iterative design process is one of many strategies used in new product development. Top-down development strategies, like waterfall development, place a heavy emphasis on planning and simulation. The iterative process, on the other hand, is better suited to the management of small to medium scale projects. Over the past four months, I have worked with engineers at Johnson Space Center on a multitude of electronics projects. By describing the work I have done these last few months, analyzing the factors that have driven design decisions, and examining the testing and verification process, I will demonstrate that iterative design is the obvious choice for research and development projects.

Sullivan, George F. III

2013-01-01

260

Report on the NGS3 Working Group on Safeguards by Design For Aqueous Reprocessing Plants  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Working Group on SBD for Aqueous Reprocessing Facilities was to provide recommendations, for facility operators and designers, which would aid in the coordination and integration of nuclear material accountancy and the safeguards requirements of all concerned parties - operators, state/regional authorities, and the IAEA. The recommendations, which are to be provided to the IAEA, are intended to assist in optimizing facility design and operating parameters to ensure the safeguardability of the facility while minimizing impact on the operations. The one day Working Group session addressed a wide range of design and operating topics.

Johnson, Shirley J.; Ehinger, Michael; Schanfein, Mark

2011-02-01

261

A Guide to Designing Future Ground-based Cosmic Microwave Background Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this follow-up work to the high energy physics Community Summer Study 2013 (aka SNOWMASS), we explore the scientific capabilities of a future Stage IV cosmic microwave background polarization experiment under various assumptions on detector count, resolution, and sky coverage. We use the Fisher matrix technique to calculate the expected uncertainties of cosmological parameters in ??CDM that are especially relevant to the physics of fundamental interactions, including neutrino masses, effective number of relativistic species, dark energy equation of state, dark matter annihilation, and inflationary parameters. To further chart the landscape of future cosmology probes, we include forecasted results from the baryon acoustic oscillation signal as measured by Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument to constrain parameters that would benefit from low redshift information. We find the following best 1? constraints: ?(M ?) = 15 meV, ?(N eff) = 0.0156, dark energy figure of merit = 303, ?(p ann) = 0.00588 × 3 × 10-26 cm3 s-1 GeV-1, ?(? K ) = 0.00074, ?(ns ) = 0.00110, ?(? s ) = 0.00145, and ?(r) = 0.00009. We also detail the dependencies of the parameter constraints on detector count, resolution, and sky coverage.

Wu, W. L. K.; Errard, J.; Dvorkin, C.; Kuo, C. L.; Lee, A. T.; McDonald, P.; Slosar, A.; Zahn, O.

2014-06-01

262

Alloy Design Strategies and Future Trends in High-Entropy Alloys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are newly emerging advanced materials. In contrast to conventional alloys, HEAs contain multiple principal elements, often five or more in equimolar or near-equimolar ratios. The basic principle behind HEAs is that solid-solution phases are relatively stabilized by their significantly high entropy of mixing compared to intermetallic compounds, especially at high temperatures. This makes them feasibly synthesized, processed, analyzed, and manipulated, and as well provides many opportunities for us. There are huge numbers of possible compositions and combinations of properties in the HEA field. Wise alloy design strategies for suitable compositions and processes to fit the requirements for either academic studies or industrial applications thus become especially important. In this article, four core effects were emphasized, several misconceptions on HEAs were clarified, and several routes for future HEA research and development were suggested.

Yeh, Jien-Wei

2013-12-01

263

Market characteristics of future oil tanker operations  

E-print Network

This work analyzes the market characteristics of future oil tanker operations with a particular emphasis on those aspects which will have a potential impact on the design of future vessels. The market analysis model used ...

Willemann, Simmy Dhawan

2014-01-01

264

Ground motion optimized orbit feedback design for the future linear collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future linear collider has strong stability requirements on the position of the beam along the accelerator and at the interaction point (IP). The beam position will be sensitive to dynamic imperfections in particular ground motion. A number of mitigation techniques have been proposed to be deployed in parallel: active and passive quadrupole stabilization and positioning as well as orbit and IP feedback. This paper presents a novel design of the orbit controller in the main linac and beam delivery system. One global feedback controller is proposed based on an SVD-controller (Singular Value Decomposition) that decouples the large multi-input multi-output system into many independent single-input single-output systems. A semi-automatic procedure is proposed for the controller design of the independent systems by exploiting numerical models of ground motion and measurement noise to minimize a target parameter, e.g. luminosity loss. The novel design for the orbit controller is studied for the case of the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) in integrated simulations, which include all proposed mitigation methods. The impact of the ground motion on the luminosity performance is examined in detail. It is shown that with the proposed orbit controller the tight luminosity budget for ground motion effects is fulfilled and accordingly, an essential feasibility issue of CLIC has been addressed. The orbit controller design is robust and allows for a relaxed BPM resolution, while still maintaining a strong ground motion suppression performance compared to traditional methods. We believe that the described method could easily be applied to other accelerators and light sources.

Pfingstner, J.; Snuverink, J.; Schulte, D.

2013-03-01

265

MICE -- Absorber and focus coil safety working group design document: Preliminary design and assessments  

SciTech Connect

A Neutrino Factory based on a muon storage ring is the ultimate tool for studies of neutrino oscillations, including possibly the discovery of leptonic CP violation. it is also the first step toward a muon collider. To develop a stored-muon-beam facility to serve as a Neutrino Factory, it is necessary to ''cool'' a muon beam (decrease its phase-space volume). The short lifetime of the muon, 2.2 {micro}s at rest, eliminates all currently demonstrated cooling techniques and requires that a new, heretofore untried, technique--ionization cooling--be employed. Although ionization cooling of muons has never been demonstrated in practice, it has been shown by end-to-end simulation and design studies to be an important factor both for the performance and for the cost of a Neutrino Factory. This motivates an international program of R and D, including an experimental demonstration at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL). The aims of the international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment are: (1) to show that it is possible to design, engineer and build a section of cooling channel capable of giving the desired performance for a Neutrino Factory; and (2) to place it in a muon beam and measure its performance in various modes of operation and beam conditions, thereby investigating the limits and practicality of cooling. The MICE collaboration has designed an experiment in which a section of an ionization cooling channel is exposed to a muon beam. This cooling channel assembles liquid-hydrogen absorbers providing energy loss and high-gradient radio frequency (RF) cavities to re-accelerate the particles, all tightly contained in a magnetic channel. It reduces the beam transverse emittance by > 10% for muon momenta between 140 and 240 MeV/c. The layout of the experiment is shown. They utilize one complete magnetic cell of the cooling channel, comprising three absorber-focus-coil (AFC) modules and two RF-coupling-coil (RFCC) modules. Spectrometers placed before and after the cooling section shown, perform the measurements of beam transmission and emittance reduction with an absolute precision of {+-} 0.1%. The detector solenoids each have separate coils (matching coils) to tailor the optics smoothly between the cooling channel and detector modules.

Barr, Giles; Baynham, Elwyn; Black, Edgar; Bradshaw, Tom; Cummings, Mary Anne; Green, Michael A.; Ishimoto, Shigeru; Ivanyushenkov, Yury; Lau, Wing; Zisman, Michael

2003-12-04

266

Molecular Entropy, Thermal Efficiency, and Designing of Working Fluids for Organic Rankine Cycles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A shortage of fossil energy sources boosts the utilization of renewable energy. Among numerous novel techniques, recovering energy from low-grade heat sources through power generation via organic Rankine cycles (ORCs) is one of the focuses. Properties of working fluids are crucial for the ORC's performance. Many studies have been done to select proper working fluids or to design new working fluids. However, no researcher has systematically investigated the relationship between molecular structures and thermal efficiencies of various working fluids for an ideal ORC. This paper has investigated the interrelations of molecular structures, molecular entropies, and thermal efficiencies of various working fluids for an ideal ORC. By calculating thermal efficiencies and molecular entropies, we find that the molecular entropy is the most appropriate thermophysical property of a working fluid to determine how much energy can be converted into work and how much cannot in a system. Generally speaking, working fluids with low entropies will generally have high thermal efficiency for an ideal ORC. Based on this understanding, the direct interrelations of molecular structures and entropies provide an explicit interrelation between molecular structures and thermal efficiencies, and thus provide an insightful direction for molecular design of novel working fluids for ORCs.

Wang, Jingtao; Zhang, Jin; Chen, Zhiyou

2012-06-01

267

A Model for Design of Tailored Working Environment Intervention Programmes for Small Enterprises  

PubMed Central

Objectives Small enterprises have higher exposure to occupational hazards compared to larger enterprises and further, they have fewer resources to control the risks. In order to improve the working environment, development of efficient measures is therefore a major challenge for regulators and other stakeholders. The aim of this paper is to develop a systematic model for the design of tailored intervention programmes meeting the needs of small enterprises. Methods An important challenge for the design process is the transfer of knowledge from one context to another. The concept of realist analysis can provide insight into mechanisms by which intervention knowledge can be transferred from one context to another. We use this theoretical approach to develop a design model. Results The model consist of five steps: 1) Defining occupational health and safety challenges of the target group, 2) selecting methods to improve the working environment, 3) developing theories about mechanisms which motivate the target group, 4) analysing the specific context of the target group for small enterprise programmes including owner-management role, social relations, and the perception of the working environment, and 5) designing the intervention based on the preceding steps. We demonstrate how the design model can be applied in practice by the development of an intervention programme for small enterprises in the construction industry. Conclusion The model provides a useful tool for a systematic design process. The model makes it transparent for both researchers and practitioners as to how existing knowledge can be used in the design of new intervention programmes. PMID:23019530

Kvorning, Laura V; Rasmussen, Charlotte DN; Smith, Louise H; Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

2012-01-01

268

Applying observations of work activity in designing prototype data analysis tools  

SciTech Connect

Designers, implementers, and marketers of data analysis tools typically have different perspectives than users. Consequently, data analysis often find themselves using tools focused on graphics and programming concepts rather than concepts which reflect their own domain and the context of their work. Some user studies focus on usability tests late in development; others observe work activity, but fail to show how to apply that knowledge in design. This paper describes a methodology for applying observations of data analysis work activity in prototype tool design. The approach can be used both in designing improved data analysis tools, and customizing visualization environments to specific applications. We present an example of user-centered design for a prototype tool to cull large data sets. We revisit the typical graphical approach of animating a large data set from the point of view of an analysis who is culling data. Field evaluations using the prototype tool not only revealed valuable usability information, but initiated in-depth discussions about user`s work, tools, technology, and requirements.

Springmeyer, R.R.

1993-07-06

269

The design, performance and analysis of a high work capacity transonic turbine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design and testing of a high work capacity single-stage transonic turbine of aerodynamic duty tailored to the requirements of driving the high-pressure core of a low cost turbofan engine. Aerodynamic loading was high for this duty (..delta..H\\/U² = 2.1) and a major objective in the design was the control of the resulting transonic flow to achieve

J. D. Bryce; N. P. Leversuch; M. R. Litchfield

1985-01-01

270

Summary of Working Group 3: Machine Design and R&D  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various topics on machine studies and component R&D for Neutrino Factory subsystems were discussed in Working Group 3 (WG3) at the NuFact05 Workshop. In this working group, 29 talks and 2 posters were presented. We also had special focus sessions for lively discussions on several important issues; targets, cooling, proton driver, FFAGs and acceleration, and a World Wide Design study.

C. Ohmori; H. Kirk; H. Haseroth

2006-01-01

271

Work.  

PubMed

The very nature of work is changing because of rapid social change, a culture of abundance, and the ability to substitute information for equipment, inventory, and other material aspects of value creation. In America, we are experiencing an erosion of the concept of a "job," a dramatic shift to service and information as the basis for value added, market commercialism, and the importance of the self-managed career. In some of these areas, dentistry has been consistent with the patterns of innovation--even being a model in some cases. There are also areas where dentistry is moving in contrary directions. PMID:12602221

Chambers, David W

2002-01-01

272

Designing a Hydro-Economic Collaborative Computer Decision Support System: Approaches, Best Practices, Lessons Learned, and Future Trends  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Designing and implementing a hydro-economic computer model to support or facilitate collaborative decision making among multiple stakeholders or users can be challenging and daunting. Collaborative modeling is distinguished and more difficult than non-collaborative efforts because of a large number of users with different backgrounds, disagreement or conflict among stakeholders regarding problem definitions, modeling roles, and analysis methods, plus evolving ideas of model scope and scale and needs for information and analysis as stakeholders interact, use the model, and learn about the underlying water system. This presentation reviews the lifecycle for collaborative model making and identifies some key design decisions that stakeholders and model developers must make to develop robust and trusted, verifiable and transparent, integrated and flexible, and ultimately useful models. It advances some best practices to implement and program these decisions. Among these best practices are 1) modular development of data- aware input, storage, manipulation, results recording and presentation components plus ways to couple and link to other models and tools, 2) explicitly structure both input data and the meta data that describes data sources, who acquired it, gaps, and modifications or translations made to put the data in a form usable by the model, 3) provide in-line documentation on model inputs, assumptions, calculations, and results plus ways for stakeholders to document their own model use and share results with others, and 4) flexibly program with graphical object-oriented properties and elements that allow users or the model maintainers to easily see and modify the spatial, temporal, or analysis scope as the collaborative process moves forward. We draw on examples of these best practices from the existing literature, the author's prior work, and some new applications just underway. The presentation concludes by identifying some future directions for collaborative modeling including geo-spatial display and analysis, real-time operations, and internet-based tools plus the design and programming needed to implement these capabilities.

Rosenberg, D. E.

2008-12-01

273

Work for a green future: Become an Environment America fellow Each year, Environment America hires college graduates with the passion, the  

E-print Network

Work for a green future: Become an Environment America fellow Each year, Environment America hires, organize public support and fight for our environmental values. Environment America Environment America it takes to stand up to polluting industries and ultimately sweep past them. The results of our work

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

274

Making media work in space: an interdisciplinary perspective on media and communication requirements for current and future space communities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As humans expand into space communities will form. These have already begun to form in small ways, such as long-duration missions on the International Space Station and the space shuttle, and small-scale tourist excursions into space. Social, behavioural and communications data emerging from such existing communities in space suggest that the physically-bounded, work-oriented and traditionally male-dominated nature of these extremely remote groups present specific problems for the resident astronauts, groups of them viewed as ‘communities’, and their associated groups who remain on Earth, including mission controllers, management and astronauts’ families. Notionally feminine group attributes such as adaptive competence, social adaptation skills and social sensitivity will be crucial to the viability of space communities and in the absence of gender equity, ‘staying in touch’ by means of ‘news from home’ becomes more important than ever. A template of news and media forms and technologies is suggested to service those needs and enhance the social viability of future terraforming activities.

Babidge, S.; Cokley, J.; Gordon, F.; Louw, E.

2005-10-01

275

Experiments at the W.M. Keck Observatory to support the Thirty Meter Telescope design work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to validate various assumptions about the operating environment of the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT), to validate the modeling packages being used to guide the design work for the TMT and to directly investigate the expected operation of several subsystems we have embarked on an extensive campaign of environmental measurements at the Keck telescopes. We have measured and characterized

Warren Skidmore; Tony Travouillon; Reed Riddle; Kyle Kinoshita; Richard Johnston; Phil Murg; Hugh Thompson; Richard Matsuda; Mark Colavita; Grant Tolleth; Robert Goodrich; Elizabeth Chock; Hilton Lewis; Sergey Panteleev

2010-01-01

276

Ergonomics action research II: a framework for integrating HF into work system design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a conceptual framework that can support efforts to integrate human factors (HF) into the work system design process, where improved and cost-effective application of HF is possible. The framework advocates strategies of broad stakeholder participation, linking of performance and health goals, and process focussed change tools that can help practitioners engage in improvements to embed HF into

W. P. Neumann; J. Village

2012-01-01

277

Design of a semiclosed-cycle gas turbine with carbon dioxide-argon as working fluid  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main performance features of a semiclosed-cycle gas turbine with carbon dioxide-argon working fluid are described here. This machine is designed to employ coal synthetic gas fuel and to produce no emissions. The present paper outlines three tasks carried out. First, the selection of main engine variables, mainly pressure and temperature ratios. Then a sizing exercise is carried out where

I. Ulizar; P. Pilidis

1998-01-01

278

Social TV as Supple Interface In this paper we present our recent work on the design  

E-print Network

and implementation of technology for group TV watching and suggest a general discussion of Social TV systems as supple interfaces. Author Keywords Social TV; Group TV Watching; Computer-Supported Cooperative Work systems supporting group TV watching face challenges for the design and evaluation of interfaces, which

Höök, Kristina

279

Energy-Saving System Designed with Combining Ultrasonic Position and ZigBee Wireless Net Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the first time energy-saving system implemented with the design of combining ultrasonic position system with Zigbee wireless net work. There were some studies about Zigbee wireless networking and ultrasonic positioning respectively instead of combining the two systems in unique system to accomplish a task together. The study adapted ultrasonic positioning function to correctly detect both people's position

Chun-Liang Hsu; Sheng-Yuan Yang; Wei-Bin Wu

280

A&M. Outdoor turntable. Workings and design exposed during demolition, turntable ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Outdoor turntable. Workings and design exposed during demolition, turntable platform traveled on concentric circular rails, this one the inner rail. Radioactive parts storage area in background. Date: February 3, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-37-2-2 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

281

Novel fuzzy inference system (FIS) analysis and design based on lattice theory. Part I: Working principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work substantiates novel perspectives and tools for analysis and design of fuzzy inference systems (FIS). It is shown rigorously that the cardinality of the set F of fuzzy numbers equals ?1, hence a FIS can implement “in principle” ?2 functions, where and ?1 is the cardinality of the set R of real numbers; furthermore, a FIS is endowed with

Vassilis G. Kaburlasos; Athanasios Kehagias

2006-01-01

282

Project W-236A, work plan for preparation of a design requirements document  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work plan outlines the tasks necessary, and defines the organizational responsibilities for preparing a Design Requirements Document (DRD) for project W-236A, Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility (MWTF). A DRD is a Systems Engineering document which bounds, at a high level, the requirements of a discrete system element of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program. This system element is usually

Groth

1995-01-01

283

The Challenges of Designing and Implementing a Cross-Cultural Unit of Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the challenges that were experienced as I engaged in an action research project in which I designed and enacted a cross-cultural unit of work entitled "Maintaining Health". George has advocated the use of traditional knowledge as a strategy for increasing the relevance of science curricula within the Trinidad and Tobago…

Herbert, Susan

2006-01-01

284

Advanced binary geothermal power plants working fluid property determination and heat exchanger design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance of binary geothermal power plants can be improved through the proper choice of a working fluid, and optimization of component designs and operating conditions. This paper reviews the investigations at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) which are examining binary cycle performance improvements for moderate temperature (350 to 400 F) resources with emphasis on how the improvements may

C. J. Bliem; G. L. Mines

1989-01-01

285

A&M. Outdoor turntable. Workings and design exposed during demolition. Detail ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Outdoor turntable. Workings and design exposed during demolition. Detail of radially placed steel beams supporting rotating platform. Part of shielded locomotive at upper right. Date: February 3, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-37-1-3 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

286

A&M. Outdoor turntable. Workings and design exposed during demolition. View ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

A&M. Outdoor turntable. Workings and design exposed during demolition. View between two of the four rails of the track. Note motor and electrical conduit. Date: February 3, 2003. INEEL negative no. HD-37-1-1 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

287

Is the doctor in? A relational approach to job design and the coordination of work  

Microsoft Academic Search

When designing jobs, the degree of specialization is a key consideration. Though functional specialization allows workers to develop deep areas of ex- pertise, it also increases the challenge of coordinating their work. In this arti- cle, we propose the concepts of stage- and site-based specialization and posit that together they can counteract the divisive effects of functional specializa- tion. Taking

Jody Hoffer Gittell; Dana Beth Weinberg; Adrienne L. Bennett; Joseph A. Miller

2008-01-01

288

The Design of Large-Scale Complex Engineered Systems: Present Challenges and Future Promise  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Model-Based Systems Engineering techniques are used in the SE community to address the need for managing the development of complex systems. A key feature of the MBSE approach is the use of a model to capture the requirements, architecture, behavior, operating environment and other key aspects of the system. The focus on the model differentiates MBSE from traditional SE techniques that may have a document centric approach. In an effort to assess the benefit of utilizing MBSE on its flight projects, NASA Langley has implemented a pilot program to apply MBSE techniques during the early phase of the Materials International Space Station Experiment-X (MISSE-X). MISSE-X is a Technology Demonstration Mission being developed by the NASA Office of the Chief Technologist i . Designed to be installed on the exterior of the International Space Station (ISS), MISSE-X will host experiments that advance the technology readiness of materials and devices needed for future space exploration. As a follow-on to the highly successful series of previous MISSE experiments on ISS, MISSE-X benefits from a significant interest by the

Bloebaum, Christina L.; McGowan, Anna-Maria Rivas

2012-01-01

289

A Buddhist perspective on industrial engineering and the design of work.  

PubMed

The modern way of life is highly dependent upon the production of goods by industrial organizations that are in turn dependent upon their workers for their ongoing operations. Even though more than a century has passed since the dawn of the industrial revolution, many dangerous aspects of work, both physical and mental, remain in the workplace today. Using Buddhist philosophical principles, this paper suggests that although many sources of the problem reside within the larger society, the industrial engineer is still a key factor in bettering work and providing a workplace suitable for their fellow workers. Drawing on these insights, we present a number of work design guidelines that industrial engineers who abide by Buddhist principles could practice to help overcome some of the many sufferings produced by modern work. PMID:24048817

Lee, Wei-Tau; Blumenthal, James A; Funk, Kenneth H

2014-06-01

290

Impact of Nano-scale Through-Silicon Vias on the Quality of Today and Future 3D IC Designs  

E-print Network

Impact of Nano-scale Through-Silicon Vias on the Quality of Today and Future 3D IC Designs Dae Hyun sub-micron dimensions in a few years. This downscaling of TSVs requires research on the impact of nano. In this paper, we investigate, for the first time, the impact of nano-scale TSVs on the area, wirelength, delay

Lim, Sung Kyu

291

Lessons from Tarceva in pancreatic cancer: where are we now, and how should future trials be designed in pancreatic cancer ?  

E-print Network

1 Lessons from Tarceva in pancreatic cancer: where are we now, and how should future trials be designed in pancreatic cancer ? Pierre Laurent-Puig1 ,2, 3, 4 Julien Taieb1,3 1 Université Paris Descartes of review: The recent advances in the use of targeted therapy in pancreatic cancer are based

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

Design considerations of a cable wiring system for a new medical center to support a future medical imaging system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our Medical Center is faced with the problem to design a cable wiring system today, install it by the middle 1990's, and allow for upgrades and enhancements for the next ten to fifteen years. The cable plant must be able to support functions and activities which are poorly defined today, but will include the hospital information system (HIS), a future

Robert M. Witt; Jack Emrich

1992-01-01

293

New insights in atom-atom interactions for future drug design.  

PubMed

In silico medicinal chemistry investigates molecular systems that are too large to be tackled by medium to high level ab initio quantum chemistry. Only atomistic force fields can deliver rapid computation of energy required in sampling the many conformational and orientational degrees of freedom of a ligand within a protein pocket. However, the predictive reliability of a force field critically depends on the quality and realism of its energy function. Particularly, the electrostatic component of this energy needs to be as accurate as possible because druglike ligands and proteins are polar molecules, whose interaction does not just depend on shape. Surprisingly, the challenging problem of energy accuracy receives much less attention than it deserves. Docking results in the literature are still dependent on atomic point charges, which are inherently inaccurate at short and medium range. This has been known for decades but improved and more accurate methods have not (yet) found their way in mainstream in silico medicinal chemistry. Moreover, often the "details" of the electrostatic energy are poorly and not at all reported, as if they do not matter. This article attempts to inspire future docking algorithms with ideas from an approach called Quantum Chemical Topology (QCT). The way this method partitions energy and treats the electrostatic interaction should inject more realism into the current paradigm. The gap between the medicinal chemistry "world view" and that of physical and computational chemistry needs to narrow en route to reach the currently elusive goal to make docking work for the right reasons. We discuss in detail a path to make electrostatics drastically more realistic, based on novel ideas, some partially implemented. PMID:23116472

Popelier, Paul

2012-01-01

294

Algorithm Design of CPCI Backboard's Interrupts Management Based on VxWorks' Multi-Tasks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper begins with a brief introduction of the embedded real-time operating system VxWorks and CompactPCI standard, then gives the programming interfaces of Peripheral Controller Interface (PCI) configuring, interrupts handling and multi-tasks programming interface under VxWorks, and then emphasis is placed on the software frameworks of CPCI interrupt management based on multi-tasks. This method is sound in design and easy to adapt, ensures that all possible interrupts are handled in time, which makes it suitable for data acquisition systems with multi-channels, a high data rate, and hard real-time high energy physics.

Cheng, Jingyuan; An, Qi; Yang, Junfeng

2006-09-01

295

Women in Design, Graduate School of Design Women in Design (WiD) is a student group working to increase the visibility of practicing women designers and to further  

E-print Network

Women in Design, Graduate School of Design Women in Design (WiD) is a student group working and knowledge into our education at the Graduate School of Design. It offers a supportive network and a critical community. n Our events include: lectures, lunches, film screenings, panel discussions, exhibitions, sym

296

Linking Work Design and Corporate Social Responsibility Through an Exploratory Model for the Interdependency of Work Characteristics and Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation  

E-print Network

characteristics that can result in desired organizational outcomes. Specifically, in current times, organizations are looking to develop socially responsible outcomes, otherwise referred as corporate social responsibility (CSR). A possible link between work design...

Kurup, Priya Darshini

2012-02-14

297

Future Carbon Regulations and Current Investments in Alternative Coal-Fired Power Plant Designs  

E-print Network

This paper assesses the role of uncertainty over future U.S. carbon regulations in shaping the current choice of which type of power plant to build. The pulverized coal technology (PC) still offer the lowest cost power— ...

Sekar, Ram C.

298

Thermal design calculations for food freezing equipment—past, present and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on methods for thermal design of food freezing equipment is reviewed with emphasis on two questions: what do those who design, build and commission freezers most need from researchers in terms of improved design calculation methods, and what are the most limiting factors in determining whether a particular freezer design will satisfactorily freeze the product at the required

A. C Cleland; S Özilgen

1998-01-01

299

MAJIS, the Moons And Jupiter Imaging Spectrometer, designed for the future ESA/JUICE mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Moons And Jupiter Imaging Spectrometer (MAJIS) is the VIS-IR spectral mapper selected for JUICE (Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer), the first Large-class mission in the ESA Cosmic Vision Programme. Scheduled for a launch in 2022, JUICE will perform a comprehensive exploration of the Jovian system thanks to several flybys of Callisto, Ganymede and Europa, before finally entering orbit around Ganymede. During these phases, MAJIS will acquire hyperspectral data necessary to unveil and map the surface composition of different geologic units of the satellites. Transfers between successive satellites' flybys shall be devoted to remote observations of Jupiter's atmosphere and auroras. MAJIS' instrument design relies on a 75 mm pupil, f/3.2 aperture TMA telescope matching two Czerny-Turner imaging spectrometers. A dichroic element is used to split the beam between the two spectral channels. The VIS-NIR spectral channel covers the 0.4-1.9 ?m range with a sampling of 2.3 nm/band. The IR channel works in the 1.5-5.7 ?m range with a 6.6 nm/band sampling. The entire optical structure is passively cooled at cryogenic temperature

Piccioni, Giuseppe; Langevin, Yves; Filacchione, Gianrico; Poulet, Francois; Tosi, Federico; Eng, Pascal; Dumesnil, Cydalise; Zambelli, Massimo; Saggin, Bortolino; Fonti, Sergio; Grassi, Davide; Altieri, Francesca

2014-05-01

300

Project W-236A, work plan for preparation of a design requirements document  

SciTech Connect

This work plan outlines the tasks necessary, and defines the organizational responsibilities for preparing a Design Requirements Document (DRD) for project W-236A, Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility (MWTF). A DRD is a Systems Engineering document which bounds, at a high level, the requirements of a discrete system element of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program. This system element is usually assigned to a specific project, in this case the MWTF. The DRD is the document that connects the TWRS program requirements with the highest level projects requirements and provides the project`s link to the overall TWRS mission. The MWTF DRD effort is somewhat unique in that the project is already in detailed design, whereas a DRO is normally prepared prior to preliminary design. The MWTF design effort was initiated with a Functional Design Criteria (FDC) and a Supplemental Design Requirements Document (SDRD) bounding the high level requirements. Another unique aspect of this effort is that some of the TWRS program requirements are still in development. Because of these unique aspects of the MWTF DRD development, the MWTF will be developed from existing TWRS Program requirements and project specific requirements contained in the FDC and SDRD. The following list describes the objectives of the MWTF DRD: determine the primary functions of the tanks through a functional decomposition of the TWRS Program high level functions; allocate the primary functions to a sub-system architecture for the tanks; define the fundamental design features in terms of performance requirements for the system and subsystems; identify system interfaces and design constraints; and document the results in a DRD.

Groth, B.D.

1995-01-30

301

NASA's Design and Development of a Field Goniometer Instrument Using Solid Works  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With NASA suffering severe funding cutbacks, engineers at NASA are required to produce state-of-the-art hardware with limited personnel and financial resources. In light of these constraints, the new NASA mandate is to build better, faster and cheaper. In April of 1998, Stennis Space Center's Commercial Remote Sensing Program contracted to the Systems Engineering Division at NASA Ames Research Center to develop a device known as a Field Goniometer. A Field Goniometer is a device that measures bi-directional reflectance of a target, such as vegetation, relative to the sun and an imaging system in an aircraft or spacecraft. The device is able to provide a spectral fingerprint of the surface it is measuring in wavelengths from 350nm-2500nm using a hyperspectral imager. To accomplish this project, several obstacles had to be overcome. First, the design had to be completed in less than four months. Second, due to the complexity of the design, the use of solid modeling was highly desirable but most of the group's solid modelers were assigned to other jobs. Third, the amount of funding available from the customer was one half to one third the funding typically expended for a job of this nature. Our choices for this project were to design with standard 2-D CAD systems currently used in-house or train additional engineers on our existing solids package or purchase a new solid model package. The use of a 2D CAD system was very undesirable due to the complexity of the design. Using our existing solids modeler would have required a learning curve for our engineers that would be incompatible with our schedule. Prior to this project, a member of our design group researched the solid modeling industry and decided to purchase SolidWorks. After examining the product for ease of use, modeling capability, training time required and cost, we decided our highest probability of success would be to design with Solidworks. During the design phase, our fabrication group was able to provide input at the very early stages, which added significant benefit to the final product. Fabrication cost and schedule savings have been realized by having complex part geometries translated directly from the SolidWorks design models to Surfcam and other computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) software. This direct model translation capability optimized the fabrication processes. The end result was that we were able to successfully complete the project on time and on budget. Other advantages of using SolidWorks, as cited by the design team, include a rapid negotiation of the initial learning curve, the ability to develop solid model hardware prototypes (used to communicate the design intent to both the customer and the fabricator), and the ability to work as a team collaborating on a large, complex model. These types of tools and efforts represent our response to NASA's challenge to produce higher quality products within shorter design and fabrication times.

Turner, Mark; Sasaki, Glen; Jennings, Ernest (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

302

Society for Range Management and Weed Science Society of America, "Working landscapes providing for the future", February 711 2010, Denver, Colorado. p56 [invited].  

E-print Network

Society for Range Management and Weed Science Society of America, "Working landscapes providing for the future", February 711 2010, Denver, Colorado. p56 [invited]. Lisa J. Rew Prioritizing weed of weed populations became easier with the advent of global positioning systems (GPS) but the science

Maxwell, Bruce D.

303

Why Social Work, and What Does the Future Hold?: The Narratives of Recently Graduated Hispanic and African-American Male BSW and MSW Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employing a focus group interview, this exploratory study investigated the influences on the social work career choice of recently graduated (spring 2007) Hispanic and African-American male BSW and MSW students (N = 7). Also investigated were the views of these men regarding entering a female majority profession and their future in the profession.…

Warde, Bryan

2009-01-01

304

Looking to the future, working on the present. Intention to donate blood and risk behavior: A study on adolescents  

PubMed Central

Background: The aim of this work was to investigate adolescents’ propensity to donate blood, the incidence in this population of risk behaviors that limit and restrict the potential for blood donation, thus reducing the number of possible subjects suitable for donation, and the link between propensity to donate and healthy lifestyles. Materials and Methods: Adolescents were asked to complete an anonymous self-report questionnaire during class time. The questionnaire included ad hoc items designed to investigate the intention to donate blood and behaviors traditionally considered to put adolescents’ “health at risk”. Participants were 201 students from northern Italy (range 12–19, M = 17.98, SD = 1.82; 38.9% male, 61.1% female). Results: About half of respondents perceived that they were able to donate blood and could overcome any obstacle that might prevent them from doing so. Some of the examined risk behaviors were widespread in the population under consideration. The linear regressions run show that there is no link between the propensity to give blood and a tendency to engage in healthy lifestyles. Conclusion: The study shows that adolescents demonstrate an interest in blood donation; however, it shows a real lack of “action” to make it happen: there is, indeed, a serious lack of attention to matters related to healthy lifestyles. In fact, adolescents are not aware of how to act to access the world of donation, with the risk that they present themselves at blood donation centers and are then found to be unfit to donate. The research offers many suggestions and implications. PMID:24014943

Sara, Alfieri; Vincenzo, Saturni; Elena, Marta

2013-01-01

305

Emerging and Future Computing Paradigms and Their Impact on the Research, Training, and Design Environments of the Aerospace Workforce  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document contains the proceedings of the training workshop on Emerging and Future Computing Paradigms and their impact on the Research, Training and Design Environments of the Aerospace Workforce. The workshop was held at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, March 18 and 19, 2003. The workshop was jointly sponsored by Old Dominion University and NASA. Workshop attendees came from NASA, other government agencies, industry and universities. The objectives of the workshop were to a) provide broad overviews of the diverse activities related to new computing paradigms, including grid computing, pervasive computing, high-productivity computing, and the IBM-led autonomic computing; and b) identify future directions for research that have high potential for future aerospace workforce environments. The format of the workshop included twenty-one, half-hour overview-type presentations and three exhibits by vendors.

Noor, Ahmed K. (Compiler)

2003-01-01

306

Design and analysis of PC based 2D OCDMA encoder for future PON  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a design of an optical code division multiple access (OCDMA) encoder made of silicon based 2D and 1D photonic crystal (PC) structures. It adopts a two dimensional (2D) wavelength time coding scheme. The design with the coding scheme supports increased number of users. Most importantly, this design provides structural compactness by combining the three necessities (filter bank for

S Sujithaa; Prita Nair

2011-01-01

307

Meeting the current and future UK challenges for sustainable building designs - Case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses two case studies to illustrate the process of building design with due regard to sustainable construction and how the recent changes in legislations affect the way buildings are designed in the UK. Two real case studies cover housing and commercial office sectors. These case studies indicate that a performance based design approach exploiting building simulation offers a

Mei J. Ren; Matthew Cotton; Kate Brown; Garry Palmer; Faber Maunsell

2007-01-01

308

Design of a Slowed-Rotor Compound Helicopter for Future Joint Service Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A slowed-rotor compound helicopter has been synthesized using the NASA Design and Analysis of Rotorcraft (NDARC) conceptual design software. An overview of the design process and the capabilities of NDARC are presented. The benefits of trading rotor speed, wing-rotor lift share, and trim strategies are presented for an example set of sizing conditions and missions.

Silva, Christopher; Yeo, Hyeonsoo; Johnson, Wayne R.

2010-01-01

309

Using conditional power of network meta-analysis (NMA) to inform the design of future clinical trials.  

PubMed

Clinical trials are typically designed with an aim to reach sufficient power to test a hypothesis about relative effectiveness of two or more interventions. Their role in informing evidence-based decision-making demands, however, that they are considered in the context of the existing evidence. Consequently, their planning can be informed by characteristics of relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses. In the presence of multiple competing interventions the evidence base has the form of a network of trials, which provides information not only about the required sample size but also about the interventions that should be compared in a future trial. In this paper we present a methodology to evaluate the impact of new studies, their information size, the comparisons involved, and the anticipated heterogeneity on the conditional power (CP) of the updated network meta-analysis. The methods presented are an extension of the idea of CP initially suggested for a pairwise meta-analysis and we show how to estimate the required sample size using various combinations of direct and indirect evidence in future trials. We apply the methods to two previously published networks and we show that CP for a treatment comparison is dependent on the magnitude of heterogeneity and the ratio of direct to indirect information in existing and future trials for that comparison. Our methodology can help investigators calculate the required sample size under different assumptions about heterogeneity and make decisions about the number and design of future studies (set of treatments compared). PMID:25225031

Nikolakopoulou, Adriani; Mavridis, Dimitris; Salanti, Georgia

2014-11-01

310

Associations between Peer Victimization, Fear of Future Victimization and Disrupted Concentration on Class Work among Junior School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Studies have shown that peer victimization is associated with psychological maladjustment, and have implicated such maladjustment in disrupted ability to concentrate. Aims: To investigate the levels of, and associations between, physical, verbal, and social exclusion victimization, fear of future victimization, and disrupted classroom…

Boulton, Michael J.; Trueman, Mark; Murray, Lindsay

2008-01-01

311

The Present and Future of Planetary Nebula Research. A White Paper by the IAU Planetary Nebula Working Group  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a summary of current research on planetary nebulae and their central stars, and related subjects such as atomic processes in ionized nebulae, AGB and post-AGB evolution. Future advances are discussed that will be essential to substantial improvements in our knowledge in the field.

Kwitter, K. B.; Méndez, R. H.; Peña, M.; Stanghellini, L.; Corradi, R. L. M.; De Marco, O.; Fang, X.; Henry, R. B. C.; Karakas, A. I.; Liu, X.-W.; López, J. A.; Manchado, A.; Parker, Q. A.

2014-10-01

312

The Future of Older Workers in America: New Options for an Extended Working Life. A Work in America Institute Policy Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the role of the older worker in the American labor force, to analyze reasons behind the changing role of the older worker, and to make recommendations for employers, unions, and the government on age-neutral personnel policies responsive to the needs of an increasingly older work force. Data on the demographic,…

Work in America Inst., Scarsdale, NY.

313

Design of a Scalable Nanophotonic Interconnect for Future Avinash Kodi and Randy Morris  

E-print Network

wiring simplification. In this paper, we propose PROPEL, a balanced power and area-efficient on-chip photonic interconnect for future mul- ticores. PROPEL overcomes two fundamental issues facing No propose a scal- able version of PROPEL, called E-PROPEL which can scale to 256 cores. Our results indicate

Kodi, Avinash

314

Designing China's urban future: The Greater Shanghai Plan, 1927–1937  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the world's greatest cities — New York, London, Paris and Tokyo — Shanghai ranks as a singular phenomenon. Its survival in the face of a startling expansion and rise to prominence, within a scant 140 years, was based on the melding of Chinese and foreign efforts to lay down its urban infrastructures and in ‘planning’ its future. Yet, since

Kerrie L. MacPherson

1990-01-01

315

An Introduction to Socio-technical System Design Part V: The Future of Computing  

E-print Network

will replace people (Kurzweil, 1999). In this big lie7 fantasy, the future is more of the same processing. Even insects do better. Conversation is the same. People chat easily about many things and Adnan Ahmad 3 strangely silent. The technology exists already, so why aren't our cars talking to us

Whitworth, Brian

316

Why the Future Doesn't Come from Machines: Unfounded Prophecies and the Design of Naturoids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological imagination and actual technological achievements have always been two very different things. Sudden and unpredictable events always seem to intervene between our visions regarding possible futures and the subsequent concrete realizations. Thus, our ideas and projects are continually being redirected. In the field of…

Negrotti, Massimo

2008-01-01

317

Designing IB Curricula for Future Global Careerists: A Boundaryless Career Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New career realities appear to be reshaping the necessary tools, skills and attitudes individuals must possess in order to establish a successful career in the international business arena. In particular, the boundaryless career perspective provides an interesting point of departure from which to analyze the kinds of competences future global…

Suutari, Vesa; Smale, Adam

2008-01-01

318

Contentious issues in research on trafficked women working in the sex industry: Study design, ethics, and methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trafficking of women and children for work in the globalized sex industry is a global social problem. Quality data is needed to provide a basis for legislation, policy, and programs, but first, numerous research design, ethical, and methodological problems must be addressed. Research design issues in studying women trafficked for sex work (WTSW) include how to (a) develop coalitions

Julie Cwikel; Elizabeth Hoban

2005-01-01

319

Optimized design of a heat exchanger for an air-to-water reversible heat pump working with propane (R290)  

E-print Network

Optimized design of a heat exchanger for an air-to-water reversible heat pump working with propane and propane (R290) as the working fluid. The main aim of these tests was to search for optimized coil design.elsevier.com/locate/apthermeng Applied Thermal Engineering 25 (2005) 2450­2462 #12;Keywords: Heat pump; Propane; Coefficient

Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

320

Summary of system designs for photovoltaic experiments and recommendations for future activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The designs covered a wide range of applications, including office buildings, industrial plants, airports, schools, amusement parks, utility substations, institutional facilities, and remote stand alone loads. The concentrator types included parabolic troughs, linear Fresnel, circular Fresnel, and cassegrain designs with geometric concentration ratios ranging from 20 to 400. One project selected gallium arsenide as a cell material and all but one of the remaining designs used single crystal silicon cells. Nine of the projects were selected for construction and evaluation.

Fling, R. B.; Siegel, B.

1980-07-01

321

Impact of recent findings on study design of future autism clinical trials.  

PubMed

There are specific challenges to studying the design of pharmacologic trials in child/adolescent and adult autism, such as subject stratification and parallel versus crossover designs. This article describes how optimal study design is influenced by subject selection and outcome measures chosen. Lessons learned in study design from the Research Units on Pediatric Psychopharmacology Autism Network trial with risperidone, Seaver Center trials with fluoxetine and valproate, Dartmouth trials with amantadine, and National Institutes of Health secretin trials are highlighted. The Internet System for Assessing Autistic Children system for managing multicenter clinical trials in autism and statistical issues in autism research are also described. PMID:14999175

Hollander, Eric; Phillips, Ann; King, Bryan H; Guthrie, Donald; Aman, Michael G; Law, Paul; Owley, Thomas; Robinson, Ricki

2004-01-01

322

Exploration and assessment of the environmental design space for commercial aircraft and future technologies  

E-print Network

Design and regulatory initiatives for aircraft noise and emissions should appreciate the integrated nature of the aircraft system. The computational ability exists to consider environmental and traditional performance ...

Barter, Garrett E. (Garrett Ehud), 1979-

2004-01-01

323

Learning through Work: Designing and Implementing Quality Worksite Learning for High School Students. School-to-Work Transition Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical assistance guide is written to help practitioners and policymakers involve large numbers of employers in providing high quality learning experiences in the workplace. Section I discusses the challenge of the school-to-work transition and guiding principles for new efforts. Section II focuses on strategies for recruiting and…

Goldberger, Susan; And Others

324

Biological Mechanisms Underlying the Relationship between Stress and Smoking: State of the Science and Directions for Future Work  

PubMed Central

Theories of addiction implicate stress as a crucial mechanism underlying initiation, maintenance, and relapse to cigarette smoking. Examinations of the biological stress systems, including functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the autonomic nervous system (ANS), have provided additional insights into the relationship between stress and smoking. To date, convergent data suggests that chronic cigarette smoking is associated with alterations in HPA and ANS functioning; however, less is known about the role of HPA and ANS functioning in smoking initiation and relapse following cessation. In order to organize existing findings and stimulate future research, the current paper summarizes the available literature on the roles of HPA axis and ANS functioning in the relationship between stress and cigarette smoking, highlights limitations within the existing literature, and suggests directions for future research to address unanswered questions in the extant literature on the biological mechanisms underlying the relationship between stress and smoking. PMID:21741435

Richards, Jessica; Stipelman, Brooke A.; Bornovalova, Marina A.; Daughters, Stacey; Sinha, Rajita; Lejuez, C.W.

2011-01-01

325

International Scoping Study of a Future Neutrino Factory and Superbeam Facility Summary Report of Accelerator Working Group  

E-print Network

Summary Report of Accelerator Working Group Michael S. Zisman for the ISS Accelerator Working Group March 31, 2007 #12;DRAFT 2 of 30 1. Introduction This document summarizes the findings of the Accelerator coordinated by an Accelerator Council, whose members are listed in Table 1-1. Initially, a series of issues

326

Designs that fly: what the history of aeronautics tells us about the future of design-based research in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

For almost two decades, there has been growing interest in what design-based research (DBR) can contribute to both educational practice and theory. Since its introduction into the literature, this orientation to educational research has repeatedly been likened to aeronautical engineering as a way to clarify its nature and argue its potential. This paper critically examines for the first time how

D. Kevin ONeill

2012-01-01

327

Designs that Fly: What the History of Aeronautics Tells Us about the Future of Design-Based Research in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For almost two decades, there has been growing interest in what design-based research (DBR) can contribute to both educational practice and theory. Since its introduction into the literature, this orientation to educational research has repeatedly been likened to aeronautical engineering as a way to clarify its nature and argue its potential. This…

O'Neill, D. Kevin

2012-01-01

328

Future directions: advances and implications of virtual environments designed for pain management.  

PubMed

Pain symptoms have been addressed with a variety of therapeutic measures in the past, but as we look to the future, we begin encountering new options for patient care and individual health and well-being. Recent studies indicate that computer-generated graphic environments--virtual reality (VR)--can offer effective cognitive distractions for individuals suffering from pain arising from a variety of physical and psychological illnesses. Studies also indicate the effectiveness of VR for both chronic and acute pain conditions. Future possibilities for VR to address pain-related concerns include such diverse groups as military personnel, space exploration teams, the general labor force, and our ever increasing elderly population. VR also shows promise to help in such areas as drug abuse, at-home treatments, and athletic injuries. PMID:24892206

Wiederhold, Brenda K; Soomro, Ahmad; Riva, Giuseppe; Wiederhold, Mark D

2014-06-01

329

Looking for the Green Future of Sustainable City: A Broad Perspective on Ecology Urban Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary urban living environment design and construction process are facing lots of ecological issues. It needs us to find a new perspective and efficient design approach which can become the bridge or link between special form and optimized function structure, natural and human resources protection, traffic and physical environment improvement, land-use saving and energy sustainability, landscape environment and behavior system

Yaoyu Lin; Fang Qian; Jiaming Wu; Jusheng Song

2010-01-01

330

Bringing Discourse Ethics to Value Sensitive Design: Pathways Toward a Deliberative Future  

E-print Network

for advancing a value-centered research and design agenda. It provides methods for producing and evaluating of critical research in the Information Systems field. In particular, the suggestions concern the inclusion and explores the applicability of the ideas suggested. Keywords: Values, Value Sensitive Design, Methodology

331

Staying True to the Core: Designing the Future Academic Library Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2014, the practice of user experience design in academic libraries continues to evolve. It is typically applied in the context of interactions with digital interfaces. Some academic librarians are applying user experience approaches more broadly to design both environments and services with human-centered strategies. As the competition for the…

Bell, Steven J.

2014-01-01

332

Design of a semiclosed-cycle gas turbine with carbon dioxide-argon as working fluid  

SciTech Connect

The main performance features of a semiclosed-cycle gas turbine with carbon dioxide-argon working fluid are described here. This machine is designed to employ coal synthetic gas fuel and to produce no emissions. The present paper outlines three tasks carried out. First, the selection of main engine variables, mainly pressure and temperature ratios. Then a sizing exercise is carried out where many details of its physical appearance are outlined. Finally the off-design performance of the engine is predicted. This two-spool gas turbine is purpose built for the working fluid, so its physical characteristics reflect this requirement. The cycle is designed with a turbine entry temperature of 1650 K and the optimum pressure ratio is found to be around 60. Two major alternatives are examined, the simple and the precooled cycle. A large amount of nitrogen is produced by the air separation plant associated with this gas turbine and the coal gasifier. An investigation has been made on how to use this nitrogen to improve the performance of the engine by precooling the compressor, cooling the turbine nozzle guide vanes, and using it to cool the delivery of the low-pressure compressor. The efficiencies of the whole plant have been computed, taking into account the energy requirements of the gasifier and the need to dispose of the excess carbon dioxide. Hence the overall efficiencies indicated here are of the order of 40%. This is a low efficiency by current standards, but the fuel employed is coal and no emissions are produced.

Ulizar, I. [Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid (Spain). Industria de Turbopropulsores-Ajalvir; Pilidis, P. [Cranfield Univ., Bedford (United Kingdom). School of Mechanical Engineering

1998-04-01

333

The Forgiving Building: A Library Building Consultants' Symposium on the Design, Construction, and Remodeling of Libraries to Support a High-Tech Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains contributions by seven library building consultants on designing a forgiving building, i.e., a building that can be modified easily and inexpensively to meet new conditions. Topics include (1) small library design; (2) academic library design; (3) adapting libraries to current and future needs; (4) designing space; (5) the changing…

Dahlgren, Anders C.; And Others

1987-01-01

334

Future Employment Among Homeless Single Mothers: The Effects of Full-Time Work Experience and Depressive Symptomatology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between work and depressive symptomatology for extremely destitute single mothers–mothers who have experiencedan episode of homelessness. Using longitudinal data collected from 294 respondents who became homeless in 1992 and were followed for approximately two years, we find that a history of full-time work is the best predictor of whether a woman will find full-time employment

Cynthia J. Bogard; Alex Trillo; Michael Schwartz; Naomi Gerstel

2001-01-01

335

Heat exposure, cardiovascular stress and work productivity in rice harvesters in India: implications for a climate change future.  

PubMed

Excessive workplace heat exposures create well-known risks of heat stroke, and it limits the workers' capacity to sustain physical activity. There is very limited evidence available on how these effects reduce work productivity, while the quantitative relationship between heat and work productivity is an essential basis for climate change impact assessments. We measured hourly heat exposure in rice fields in West Bengal and recorded perceived health problems via interviews of 124 rice harvesters. In a sub-group (n = 48) heart rate was recorded every minute in a standard work situation. Work productivity was recorded as hourly rice bundle collection output. The hourly heat levels (WBGT = Wet Bulb Globe Temperature) were 26-32°C (at air temperatures of 30-38°C), exceeding international standards. Most workers reported exhaustion and pain during work on hot days. Heart rate recovered quickly at low heat, but more slowly at high heat, indicating cardiovascular strain. The hourly number of rice bundles collected was significantly reduced at WBGT>26°C (approximately 5% per°C of increased WBGT). We conclude that high heat exposure in agriculture caused heat strain and reduced work productivity. This reduction will be exacerbated by climate change and may undermine the local economy. PMID:23685851

Sahu, Subhashis; Sett, Moumita; Kjellstrom, Tord

2013-01-01

336

30 CFR 23.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...before making any changes in the design he shall...authorization of the change. The procedure is...Certification Center, 765 Technology Drive, Triadelphia...approval and stating the change or changes desired...showing the changes in detail,...

2011-07-01

337

30 CFR 22.11 - Instructions on handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...desires to make any changes in the design, the...MSHA's approval of the change. The procedure is...Certification Center, 765 Technology Drive, Triadelphia...approval and stating the change or changes desired...drawings showing changes in detail,...

2010-07-01

338

30 CFR 23.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...before making any changes in the design he shall...authorization of the change. The procedure is...Certification Center, 765 Technology Drive, Triadelphia...approval and stating the change or changes desired...showing the changes in detail,...

2012-07-01

339

30 CFR 22.11 - Instructions on handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...desires to make any changes in the design, the...MSHA's approval of the change. The procedure is...Certification Center, 765 Technology Drive, Triadelphia...approval and stating the change or changes desired...drawings showing changes in detail,...

2013-07-01

340

30 CFR 23.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...before making any changes in the design he shall...authorization of the change. The procedure is...Certification Center, 765 Technology Drive, Triadelphia...approval and stating the change or changes desired...showing the changes in detail,...

2013-07-01

341

30 CFR 22.11 - Instructions on handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...desires to make any changes in the design, the...MSHA's approval of the change. The procedure is...Certification Center, 765 Technology Drive, Triadelphia...approval and stating the change or changes desired...drawings showing changes in detail,...

2012-07-01

342

30 CFR 23.14 - Instructions for handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...before making any changes in the design he shall...authorization of the change. The procedure is...Certification Center, 765 Technology Drive, Triadelphia...approval and stating the change or changes desired...showing the changes in detail,...

2010-07-01

343

The Euratom Fast Collar (EFC): A Safeguards Instrument Design to Address Future Fuel Measurement Challenges  

SciTech Connect

Summary of this presentation: (1) EFC instrument design for {sup 235}U verification measurements issued to EURATOM to issue a call for commercial tender; (2) Achieved a fast (Cd mode) measurement with less than 2% relative uncertainty in the doubles neutron counting rate in 10 minutes using a standard source strength; (3) Assay time in fast mode consistent with the needs of an inspector; (4) Extended to realistic calibration range for modern fuel designs - Relatively insensitive to gadolinia content for fuel designs with up to 32 burnable poison rods and 15 wt % gadolinia concentration, which is a realistic maximum for modern PWR fuel; (5) Improved performance over the standard thermal neutron collar with greater than twice the efficiency of the original design; (6) Novel tube pattern to reduce the impact of accidental pile-up; and (7) Joint test of prototype unit - EURATOM-LANL.

Evans, Louise [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browne, Michael C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-13

344

Anticipatory Capacity: Leveraging Model-Based Approaches to Design Systems for Dynamic Futures  

E-print Network

The paper presents a vision for enhancing anticipatory capacity of engineering organizations, with a goal of enabling the design of systems that can deliver sustained value as the world changes. Anticipatory capacity is ...

Rhodes, Donna H.

345

Meta-design: A Framework for the Future of End-User Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world that is not predictable, improvisation, evolution, and innovation are more than a luxury: they are a necessity.\\u000a The challenge of design is not a matter of getting rid of the emergent, but rather of including it and making it an opportunity\\u000a for more creative and more adequate solutions to problems.\\u000a \\u000a Meta-design is an emerging conceptual framework aimed

Gerhard Fischer; Elisa Giaccardi

346

Impact of computer advances on future finite elements computations. [for aircraft and spacecraft design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research performed over the past 10 years in engineering data base management and parallel computing is discussed, and certain opportunities for research toward the next generation of structural analysis capability are proposed. Particular attention is given to data base management associated with the IPAD project and parallel processing associated with the Finite Element Machine project, both sponsored by NASA, and a near term strategy for a distributed structural analysis capability based on relational data base management software and parallel computers for a future structural analysis system.

Fulton, Robert E.

1985-01-01

347

Summary Report of the Series of Joint NSF-EU Working Groups on Future Directions for Digital Libraries Research: October 12, 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Union and the National Science Foundation have been collaborating on a joint international project to identify future research directions and funding priorities for digital libraries. Five working groups were established to explore specific research areas: Intellectual Property and Economics, Global Resource Discovery, Interoperability, Metadata, and Multilingual Information Access. At their most recent workshop in October 1998, the five working groups presented recommendations based on their studies, the results of which are outlined in this Summary Report (available in HTML, Word, and .pdf). The final reports from each of the five working groups are expected to be published in early 1999. The collaborative work on digital libraries by the National Science Foundation and the European Union is described briefly in the Summary of Research Agenda. Also included here are links to European digital library research and initiatives.

1998-01-01

348

Design of an integral thermal protection system for future space vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal protection systems (TPS) are the features incorporated into a spacecraft's design to protect it from severe aerodynamic heating during high-speed travel through planetary atmospheres. The ablative TPS on the space capsule Apollo and ceramic tiles and blankets on the Space Shuttle Orbiter were designed as add-ons to the main load-bearing structure of the vehicles. They are usually incompatible with the structure due to mismatch in coefficient of thermal expansion and as a result the robustness of the external surface of the spacecraft is compromised. This could potentially lead to catastrophic consequences because the TPS forms the external surface of the vehicle and is subjected to numerous other loads like aerodynamic pressure loads, small object high-speed impacts and handling damages during maintenance. In order to make the spacecraft external surface robust, an Integral Thermal Protection System (ITPS) concept has been proposed in this research in which the load-bearing structure and the TPS are combined into one single structure. The design of an ITPS is a formidable task because the requirement of a load-bearing structure and a TPS are often contradictory to one another. The design process has been formulated as an optimization problem with mass per unit area of the ITPS as the objective function and the various functions of the ITPS were formulated as constraints. This is a multidisciplinary design optimization problem involving heat transfer and structural analysis fields. The constraints were expressed as response surface approximations obtained from a large number of finite element analyses, which were carried out with combinations of design variables obtained from an optimized Latin-Hypercube sampling scheme. A MATLABRTM code has been developed to carry out these FE analyses automatically in conjunction with ABAQUSRTM . Corrugated-core structures were designed for ITPS applications with loads and boundary conditions similar to that of a Space Shuttle-like vehicle. Temperature, buckling, deflection and stress constraints were considered for the design process. An optimized mass ranging between 3.5--5 lb/ft2 was achieved by the design. This is considerably heavier when compared to conventional TPS designs. However, the ITPS can withstand substantially large mechanical loads when compared to the conventional TPS. Truss-core geometries used for ITPS design in this research were found to be unsuitable as they could not withstand large thermal gradients frequently encountered in ITPS applications. The corrugated-core design was used for further studying the influence of the various input parameters on the final design weight of the ITPS. It was observed that boundary conditions not only significantly influence the ITPS design but also have a major impact on the effect of various input parameters. It was found that even a small amount of heat loss from bottom face sheet leads to significant reduction in ITPS weight. Aluminum and Beryllium are the most suitable materials for bottom face sheet with Beryllium having considerable advantages in terms of heat capacity, stiffness and density. Although ceramic matrix composites have many superior properties when compared to metal alloys (Titanium alloys and Inconel), their low tensile strength presents difficulties in ITPS applications.

Bapanapalli, Satish Kumar

349

Public Health Preparedness and Response to Chemical and Radiological Incidents: Functions, Practices, and Areas for Future Work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 66 page report released in August 2009 looks into the world of public health emergency preparedness, and for those persons who work in the fields of emergency response policy, public health, or security studies, this work will be most timely. Authored by five researchers at the RAND Corporation this technical report looks into "the roles of the public health service in emergency preparedness and its response to chemical and radiological incidents." The report is divided into four chapters, two appendices, and a references section. As events like nuclear plant accidents, chemical terrorism, and other related occurrences can have tremendous implications for public health, the report is most valuable.

Latourrette, Tom

350

Micromechanical analysis and design of an integrated thermal protection system for future space vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal protection systems (TPS) are the key features incorporated into a spacecraft's design to protect it from severe aerodynamic heating during high-speed travel through planetary atmospheres. The thermal protection system is the key technology that enables a spacecraft to be lightweight, fully reusable, and easily maintainable. Add-on TPS concepts have been used since the beginning of the space race. The Apollo space capsule used ablative TPS and the Space Shuttle Orbiter TPS technology consisted of ceramic tiles and blankets. Many problems arose from the add-on concept such as incompatibility, high maintenance costs, non-load bearing, and not being robust and operable. To make the spacecraft's TPS more reliable, robust, and efficient, we investigated Integral Thermal Protection System (ITPS) concept in which the load-bearing structure and the TPS are combined into one single component. The design of an ITPS was a challenging task, because the requirement of a load-bearing structure and a TPS are often conflicting. Finite element (FE) analysis is often the preferred method of choice for a structural analysis problem. However, as the structure becomes complex, the computational time and effort for an FE analysis increases. New structural analytical tools were developed, or available ones were modified, to perform a full structural analysis of the ITPS. With analytical tools, the designer is capable of obtaining quick and accurate results and has a good idea of the response of the structure without having to go to an FE analysis. A MATLABRTM code was developed to analytically determine performance metrics of the ITPS such as stresses, buckling, deflection, and other failure modes. The analytical models provide fast and accurate results that were within 5% difference from the FEM results. The optimization procedure usually performs 100 function evaluations for every design variable. Using the analytical models in the optimization procedure was a time saver, because the optimization time to reach an optimum design was reached in less than an hour, where as an FE optimization study would take hours to reach an optimum design. Corrugated-core structures were designed for ITPS applications with loads and boundary conditions similar to that of a Space Shuttle-like vehicle. Temperature, buckling, deflection and stress constraints were considered for the design and optimization process. An optimized design was achieved with consideration of all the constraints. The ITPS design obtained from the analytical solutions was lighter (4.38 lb/ft2) when compared to the ITPS design obtained from a finite element analysis (4.85 lb/ft 2). The ITPS boundary effects added local stresses and compressive loads to the top facesheet that was not able to be captured by the 2D plate solutions. The inability to fully capture the boundary effects lead to a lighter ITPS when compared to the FE solution. However, the ITPS can withstand substantially large mechanical loads when compared to the previous designs. Truss-core structures were found to be unsuitable as they could not withstand the large thermal gradients frequently encountered in ITPS applications.

Martinez, Oscar

351

Future needs for inelastic analysis in design of high-temperature nuclear plant components. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

The role that inelastic analyses play in the design of high-temperature nuclear plant components is described. The design methodology, which explicitly accounts for nonlinear material deformation and time-dependent failure modes, requires a significant level of realism in the prediction of structural response. Thus, material deformation and failure modeling are, along with computational procedures, key parts of the methodology. Each of these is briefly discussed along with validation by comparisons with benchmark structural tests, and problem areas and needs are discussed for each.

Corum, J.M.

1980-01-01

352

Detectors for Linear Colliders: Detector design for a Future Electron-Positron Collider (4/4)  

ScienceCinema

In this lecture I will discuss the issues related to the overall design and optimization of a detector for ILC and CLIC energies. I will concentrate on the two main detector concepts which are being developed in the context of the ILC. Here there has been much recent progress in developing realistic detector models and in understanding the physics performance of the overall detector concept. In addition, I will discuss the how the differences in the detector requirements for the ILC and CLIC impact the overall detector design.

None

2011-10-06

353

The 21st Century at Work: Forces Shaping the Future Workforce and Workplace in the United States. Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the forces that will continue to shape the U.S. workforce and workplace over the next 10 to 15 years? With such inevitabilities as the proliferation and acceleration of technology worldwide, will more individuals work at home, will more businesses outsource their noncore functions -- and with what consequences? Answering such questions…

Karoly, Lynn A.; Panis, Constantijn W. A.

2004-01-01

354

The 21st Century at Work: Forces Shaping the Future Workforce and Workplace in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the forces that will continue to shape the U.S. workforce and workplace over the next 10 to 15 years? With such inevitabilities as the proliferation and acceleration of technology worldwide, will more individuals work at home, will more businesses outsource their noncore functions -- and with what consequences? Answering such questions…

Karoly, Lynn A.; Panis, Constantijn W. A.

2004-01-01

355

Design as a context for research : the design of a museum of modern art as a vehicle for studying Alvar Aalto's work  

E-print Network

The premise of this thesis is that there is valuable knowledge embedded in the buildings and related work of an architect that can only be understood in the context of some specific design setting. This thesis is an inquiry ...

Shen, Kairos

1991-01-01

356

Exposome informatics: considerations for the design of future biomedical research information systems.  

PubMed

The environment's contribution to health has been conceptualized as the exposome. Biomedical research interest in environmental exposures as a determinant of physiopathological processes is rising as such data increasingly become available. The panoply of miniaturized sensing devices now accessible and affordable for individuals to use to monitor a widening range of parameters opens up a new world of research data. Biomedical informatics (BMI) must provide a coherent framework for dealing with multi-scale population data including the phenome, the genome, the exposome, and their interconnections. The combination of these more continuous, comprehensive, and personalized data sources requires new research and development approaches to data management, analysis, and visualization. This article analyzes the implications of a new paradigm for the discipline of BMI, one that recognizes genome, phenome, and exposome data and their intricate interactions as the basis for biomedical research now and for clinical care in the near future. PMID:24186958

Martin Sanchez, Fernando; Gray, Kathleen; Bellazzi, Riccardo; Lopez-Campos, Guillermo

2014-01-01

357

Will studies in individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus be the key to future HIV vaccine design?  

PubMed

The induction of HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) remains the primary goal of a preventive HIV-1 vaccine but no HIV-1 vaccine candidate has succeeded in inducing bnAbs. All the bnAbs isolated from chronically HIV-1 infected subjects display one or more traits associated with control by host tolerance and immunoregulatory mechanisms, including reactivity against self antigens. Recent studies on a HIV-1 patient with concurrent systemic lupus erythematosus have informed on how similar bnAbs are to typical autoantibodies controlled by immune tolerance mechanisms. Future studies aimed at elucidating the intersection between autoantibodies generated in the context of systemic lupus erythematosus and the development of HIV-1 bnAbs will further our knowledge of specific roadblocks that hamper the production of bnAbs and, ultimately, inform us on how to implement vaccine strategies to circumvent them. PMID:25017952

Bonsignori, Mattia

2014-11-01

358

Designing Future BCIs: Beyond the Bit Rate Melissa Quek, Johannes Hohne, Roderick Murray-Smith,  

E-print Network

or cognitive state monitoring. Designing applications using BCI as an explicit input technique for users with severe disability depends on understanding the control signals and how users can interact with systems of selection tasks to building whole systems that are enjoyable to use. This involves improving the usability

Williamson, John

359

Improvement of numerical methods for crash analysis in future composite aircraft design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent aircraft as well as rotorcraft design technologies include more and more composite materials. Their high mechanical characteristics and high mass specific energy absorption capability motivate their use in large primary structures as well as in sub-floor structural and crashworthy components in preference to metals. Due to the increased performance of computers and new explicit finite element (FE) software developments

Eric Deletombe; David Delsart; Dieter Kohlgrüber; Alastair F. Johnson

2000-01-01

360

Building for the future The Green Building and Sustainable Design Certificate Program addresses  

E-print Network

problems holistically, contrasting "cradle to cradle" life cycle analyses (economic and environmental, economic and environmental issues into planning, design and construction. n Learn green and sustainable of sustainability, as it relates to the built environment, from the economic, environmental and social

California at Davis, University of

361

Software Design and Architecture The once and future focus of software engineering  

E-print Network

by a wide range of stake- holders, acting throughout most of a system's lifecycle, making a set of key consider what software engineering is, namely a practice directed at the production of software systems challenges for design will thus continuously arise. #12;Materials, Tools, and Mechanisms Goals and Dreams

van der Hoek, André

362

DESIGNS FOR THE FUTURE: BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN ASSESSMENT OF CONDITION AND DIAGNOSIS OF IMPAIRMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

As the EPA, states, and tribes move towards a consolidated assessment and listing process to satisfy requirements of the Clean Water Act, multi-purpose monitoring designs will be needed to assess regional condition as well as predict site-specific probabilities of impairment. Th...

363

The Participatory Design of a (Today and) Future Digital Entomology Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article showcases a virtual interactive participatory design activity for building a digital entomology lab. Conceptualized as a virtual complement to a general entomology course at Kansas State University, the lab would allow learners to explore morphological aspects of insects--their various forms and functions--in order to understand…

Hai-Jew, Shalin

2011-01-01

364

Visualizing the Future of Research on Post Secondary Correctional Education: Designs, Data, and Deliverables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing post-secondary education in correctional settings has emerged as one of the best ways to reduce recidivism, save taxpayer dollars, and promote post release employment and community reintegration. While a number of studies exist, this paper argues persistent challenges connected to research design, data collection, and the communication…

Wheeldon, J.

2011-01-01

365

Behavior Breakthroughs[TM]: Future Teachers Reflect on a Focused Game Designed to Teach ABA Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the use of a focused educational game. The game, "Behavior Breakthroughs"[TM], was created to teach people that work with children with autism, appropriate behavior management techniques. A group of undergraduate, teacher education students played the game and provided feedback on their experiences.

Lowdermilk, John; Martinez, Deborah; Pecina, Julie; Beccera, Lisa; Lowdermilk, Carey

2012-01-01

366

The neurointerventional procedure room of the future: predicting likely innovations in design and function  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Multispecialty Occupational Health Group, as part of their work, have considered likely characteristics of the neurointerventional surgery operating room of tomorrow. Such rooms will be distinguished by certain architectural features and markedly increased information technology features. The novel architectural features will include system proximities, such as embedding the procedure room next to traditional operating rooms, anesthesia recovery units, intensive

Alexander Norbash; Lloyd W Klein; James Goldstein; David Haines; Stephen Balter; Lynne Fairobent; Donald L Miller

2011-01-01

367

Making media work in space: an interdisciplinary perspective on media and communication requirements for current and future space communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

As humans expand into space communities will form. These have already begun to form in small ways, such as long-duration missions on the International Space Station and the space shuttle, and small-scale tourist excursions into space. Social, behavioural and communications data emerging from such existing communities in space suggest that the physically-bounded, work-oriented and traditionally male-dominated nature of these extremely

S. Babidge; J. Cokley; F. Gordon; E. Louw

2005-01-01

368

Beyond the Theory-Practice Split in Instructional Design: The Current Situation and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The authors provide an overview of the theory-practice split in instructional design by reviewing the nature and limits of\\u000a six prominent attempts to connect these disparate aspects of the field. The authors then suggest an alternative viewpoint\\u000a in which theory and practice are not fundamentally distinct, but rather two ways of interpreting experience, taking account\\u000a of phenomena, and guiding action.

Stephen C. Yanchar; Joseph B. South

369

Integrating Materials, Manufacturing, Design and Validation for Sustainability in Future Transport Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The predictive methods currently used for material specification, component design and the development of manufacturing processes, need to evolve beyond the current `metal centric' state of the art, if advanced composites are to realise their potential in delivering sustainable transport solutions. There are however, significant technical challenges associated with this process. Deteriorating environmental, political, economic and social conditions across the globe have resulted in unprecedented pressures to improve the operational efficiency of the manufacturing sector generally and to change perceptions regarding the environmental credentials of transport systems in particular. There is a need to apply new technologies and develop new capabilities to ensure commercial sustainability in the face of twenty first century economic and climatic conditions as well as transport market demands. A major technology gap exists between design, analysis and manufacturing processes in both the OEMs, and the smaller companies that make up the SME based supply chain. As regulatory requirements align with environmental needs, manufacturers are increasingly responsible for the broader lifecycle aspects of vehicle performance. These include not only manufacture and supply but disposal and re-use or re-cycling. In order to make advances in the reduction of emissions coupled with improved economic efficiency through the provision of advanced lightweight vehicles, four key challenges are identified as follows: Material systems, Manufacturing systems, Integrated design methods using digital manufacturing tools and Validation systems. This paper presents a project which has been designed to address these four key issues, using at its core, a digital framework for the creation and management of key parameters related to the lifecycle performance of thermoplastic composite parts and structures. It aims to provide capability for the proposition, definition, evaluation and demonstration of advanced lightweight structures for new generation vehicles in the context of whole life performance parameters.

Price, M. A.; Murphy, A.; Butterfield, J.; McCool, R.; Fleck, R.

2011-05-01

370

Fridge of the future: Designing a one-kilowatt-hour/day domestic refrigerator-freezer  

SciTech Connect

An industry/government Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was established to evaluate and test design concepts for a domestic refrigerator-freezer unit that represents approximately 60% of the US market. The goal of the CRADA was to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50 percent, the 1993 NAECA standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 I) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translated to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research was to facilitate the introduction of cost-efficient technologies by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. A 1996 model refrigerator-freezer was selected as the baseline unit for testing. Since the unit was required to meet the 1993 NAECA standards, the energy consumption was quite low (1.676 kWh/d), thus making further reductions in energy consumption very challenging. Among the energy saving features incorporated into the original design of the baseline unit were a low-wattage evaporator fan, increased insulation thicknesses, and liquid line flange heaters.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

1998-03-01

371

The Education of Future Aeronautical Engineers: Conceiving, Designing, Implementing and Operating  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper will outline answers to the two central questions regarding improving engineering education: (1) What is the full set of knowledge, skills, and attitudes that engineering students should possess as they leave the university, and at what level of proficiency? (2) How can we do better at ensuring that students learn these skills? The suggested answers lie within an innovative educational framework, the CDIO (conceive-design-implement-operate) Initiative. This initiative will be described along with the needs it meets, its goals, context, vision and pedagogical foundation. The first question is answered by the CDIO Syllabus and the process for reaching stakeholder consensus on the level of proficiency that students should attain in a given program. The second question is addressed through a best practice framework, which discusses curriculum design, design-implement experiences, teaching and learning, student assessment, program evaluation and faculty competence. Examples are provided of the implementation of best practices within the CDIO program in Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Crawley, Edward F.; Brodeur, Doris R.; Soderholm, Diane H.

2008-04-01

372

Nuclear Energy Research Initiative. Risk Informed Assessment of Regulatory and Design Requirements for Future Nuclear Power Plants. Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal of this research project is to support innovation in new nuclear power plant designs. This project is examining the implications, for future reactors and future safety regulation, of utilizing a new risk-informed regulatory system as a replacement for the current system. This innovation will be made possible through development of a scientific, highly risk-informed approach for the design and regulation of nuclear power plants. This approach will include the development and.lor confirmation of corresponding regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major impediment to long term competitiveness of new nuclear plants in the U.S. is the capital cost component--which may need to be reduced on the order of 35% to 40% for Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWRs) such as System 80+ and Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR). The required cost reduction for an ALWR such as AP600 or AP1000 would be expected to be less. Such reductions in capital cost will require a fundamental reevaluation of the industry standards and regulatory bases under which nuclear plants are designed and licensed. Fortunately, there is now an increasing awareness that many of the existing regulatory requirements and industry standards are not significantly contributing to safety and reliability and, therefore, are unnecessarily adding to nuclear plant costs. Not only does this degrade the economic competitiveness of nuclear energy, it results in unnecessary costs to the American electricity consumer. While addressing these concerns, this research project will be coordinated with current efforts of industry and NRC to develop risk-informed, performance-based regulations that affect the operation of the existing nuclear plants; however, this project will go farther by focusing on the design of new plants.

Ritterbusch, S.E.

2000-08-01

373

300-FF-1 remedial design report/remedial action work plan  

SciTech Connect

The 300 Area has been divided into three operable units 300-FF-1, 300-FF-2, and 300-FF-5 all of which are in various stages of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) process. The 300-FF-1 Operable Unit, the subject of this report, includes liquid waste disposal sites, landfills, and a burial ground. This Remedial Design Report/Remedial Action Work Plan (RDR/RAWP) provides a summary description of each waste site included in the 300-FF-1 Operable Unit, the basis for remedial actions to be taken, and the remedial action approach and management process for implementing these actions. The remedial action approach and management sections provide a description of the remedial action process description, the project schedule, the project team, required planning documentation, the remedial action change process, the process for verifying attainment of the remedial action goals, and the required CERCLA and RCRA closeout documentation. Appendix A provides additional details on each waste site. In addition to remediation of the waste sites, waste generated during the remedial investigation/feasibility study portions of the project will also be disposed at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF). Appendix B provides a summary of the modeling performed in the 300-FF-1 Phase 3 FS and a description of the modeling effort to be used to show attainment of the remedial action goals. Appendix C provides the sampling and analysis plan (SAP) for all sampling and field-screening activities performed during remediation and for verification of attainment with the remedial action goals. Appendix D provides the public involvement plan, prepared to ensure information is provided to the public during remedial design and remedial action processes.

Gustafson, F.W.

1997-02-01

374

Designing Specification Languages for Process Control Systems: Lessons Learned and Steps to the Future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Previously, we defined a blackbox formal system modeling language called RSML (Requirements State Machine Language). The language was developed over several years while specifying the system requirements for a collision avoidance system for commercial passenger aircraft. During the language development, we received continual feedback and evaluation by FAA employees and industry representatives, which helped us to produce a specification language that is easily learned and used by application experts. Since the completion of the PSML project, we have continued our research on specification languages. This research is part of a larger effort to investigate the more general problem of providing tools to assist in developing embedded systems. Our latest experimental toolset is called SpecTRM (Specification Tools and Requirements Methodology), and the formal specification language is SpecTRM-RL (SpecTRM Requirements Language). This paper describes what we have learned from our use of RSML and how those lessons were applied to the design of SpecTRM-RL. We discuss our goals for SpecTRM-RL and the design features that support each of these goals.

Leveson, Nancy G.; Heimdahl, Mats P. E.; Reese, Jon Damon

1999-01-01

375

Design of a Multicast Optical Packet Switch Based on Fiber Bragg Grating Technology for Future Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a non-blocking multicast optical packet switch based on fiber Bragg grating technology with optical output buffers is proposed. Only the header of optical packets is converted to electronic signals to control the fiber Bragg grating array of input ports and the packet payloads should be transparently destined to their output ports so that the proposed switch can reduce electronic interfaces as well as the bit rate. The modulation and the format of packet payloads may be non-standard where packet payloads could also include different wavelengths for increasing the volume of traffic. The advantage is obvious: the proposed switch could transport various types of traffic. An easily implemented architecture which can provide multicast services is also presented. An optical output buffer is designed to queue the packets if more than one incoming packet should reach to the same destination output port or including any waiting packets in optical output buffer that will be sent to the output port at a time slot. For preserving service-packet sequencing and fairness of routing sequence, a priority scheme and a round-robin algorithm are adopted at the optical output buffer. The fiber Bragg grating arrays for both input ports and output ports are designed for routing incoming packets using optical code division multiple access technology.

Cheng, Yuh-Jiuh; Yeh, Tzuoh-Chyau; Cheng, Shyr-Yuan

2011-09-01

376

The study of health coaching: the ithaca coaching project, research design, and future directions.  

PubMed

Health coaching (HC) is a process holding tremendous potential as a complementary medical intervention to shape healthy behavior change and affect rates of chronic lifestyle diseases. Empirical knowledge of effectiveness for the HC process, however, is lacking. The purposes of this paper are to present the study protocol for the Ithaca Coaching Project while also addressing research design, methodological issues, and directions for HC research. This is one of the first large-scale, randomized control trials of HC for primary prevention examining impact on physical and emotional health status in an employee population. An additional intent for the project is to investigate self-determination theory as a theoretical framework for the coaching process. Participants (n=300) are recruited as part of a campus-wide wellness initiative and randomly assigned to one of three levels of client-centered HC or a control with standard wellness program care. Repeated measures analyses of covariance will be used to examine coaching effectiveness while path analyses will be used to examine relationships between coaching processes, self-determination variables, and health outcomes. There is a great need for well-designed HC studies that define coaching best practices, examine intervention effectiveness, provide cost:benefit analysis, and address scope of practice. This information will allow a clearer definition of HC to emerge and determination of if, and how, HC fits in modern-day healthcare. This is an exciting but critical time for HC research and for the practice of HC. PMID:24416673

Sforzo, Gary A

2013-05-01

377

Early Childhood Spaces: Involving Young Children and Practitioners in the Design Process. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development, No. 45  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This working paper explores the methodology and initial issues raised in seeking to involve young children in the design process. It reports a study concerned with how young children can play an active role in the designing and developing of children's spaces. The focus is on children under 6 years old in early childhood provision. (Contains 2…

Clark, Alison

2007-01-01

378

Informing the evaluation and design of technology in intentional work environments through a focus on artefacts and implicit theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observation and analysis of work and computer systems in context can provide valuable information for the evaluation, design and further development of computer systems; however, there are still questions regarding the analysis and utilization of information from field studies. In particular, from a design viewpoint, it is necessary to be able to move from the extensive observational data that is

Ann M. Bisantz; Jennifer J. Ockerman

2002-01-01

379

Designing Smart Health Care Technology into the Home of the Future  

SciTech Connect

The US health care industry is experiencing a substantial paradigm shift with regard to home care due to the convergence of several technology areas. Increasingly-capable telehealth systems and the internet are not only moving the point of care closer to the patient, but the patient can now assume a more active role in his or her own care. These technologies, coupled with (1) the migration of the health care industry to electronic patient records and (2) the emergence of a growing number of enabling health care technologies (e.g., novel biosensors, wearable devices, and intelligent software agents), demonstrate unprecedented potential for delivering highly automated, intelligent health care in the home. This editorial paper presents a vision for the implementation of intelligent health care technology in the home of the future, focusing on areas of research that have the highest potential payoff given targeted government funding over the next ten years. Here, intelligent health care technology means smart devices and systems that are aware of their context and can therefore assimilate information to support care decisions. A systems perspective is used to describe a framework under which devices can interact with one another in a plug-and-play manner. Within this infrastructure, traditionally passive sensors and devices will have read/write access to appropriate portions of an individual's electronic medical record. Through intelligent software agents, plug-and-play mechanisms, messaging standards, and user authentication tools, these smart home-based medical devices will be aware of their own capabilities, their relationship to the other devices in the home system, and the identity of the individual(s) from whom they acquire data. Information surety technology will be essential to maintain the confidentiality of patient-identifiable medical information and to protect the integrity of geographically dispersed electronic medical records with which each home-based system will interact.

Warren, S.; Craft, R.L.; Bosma, J.T.

1999-04-07

380

A fast cardiac gamma camera with dynamic SPECT capabilities: design, system validation and future potential  

PubMed Central

Purpose The goal of this study is to present the Discovery NM 530c (DNM), a cardiac SPECT camera, interfacing multi-pinhole collimators with solid-state modules, aiming at slashing acquisition time without jeopardizing quality. DNM resembles PET since it enables 3-D SPECT without detector motion. We further envision how these novel capabilities may help with current and future challenges of cardiac imaging. Methods DNM sensitivity, spatial resolution (SR) and energy resolution (ER), count rate response, cardiac uniformity and cardiac defect contrast were measured and compared to a dedicated cardiac, dual-head standard SPECT (S-SPECT) camera. Results DNM sensitivity was more than threefold higher while SR was notably better. Significantly, SR was the same for 99mTc and 201Tl. ER was improved on DNM and allowed good separation of 99mTc and 123I spectral peaks. Count rate remained linear on DNM up to 612 kcps, while S-SPECT showed severe dead time limitations. Phantom studies revealed comparable uniformity and defect contrast, notwithstanding significantly shorter acquisition time for the DNM. First patient images, including dynamic SPECT, are also presented. Conclusion DNM is raising the bar for expedition and upgrade of practice. It features high sensitivity as well as improved SR, temporal resolution and ER. It enables reduction of acquisition time and fast protocols. Importantly, it is potentially capable of dynamic 3-D acquisition. The new technology is potentially upgradeable and may become a milestone in the evolution of nuclear cardiology as it assumes its key role in molecular imaging of the heart. PMID:20585775

Blevis, Ira M.; Tsukerman, Leonid; Shrem, Yigal; Kovalski, Gil; Volokh, Lana

2010-01-01

381

Portrait of the Oxford Design Studio: An Ethnography of Design Pedagogy. WCER Working Paper No. 2003-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic study explores the underlying structure of the design practices in the Oxford Studio, a design studio course taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture. The study describes elements of the practices in the Oxford Studio and then analyzes the connections among these elements at three levels: (a)…

Shaffer, David Williamson

2003-01-01

382

Adaptive and Adaptable Automation Design: A Critical Review of the Literature and Recommendations for Future Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents a review of literature on approaches to adaptive and adaptable task/function allocation and adaptive interface technologies for effective human management of complex systems that are likely to be issues for the Next Generation Air Transportation System, and a focus of research under the Aviation Safety Program, Integrated Intelligent Flight Deck Project. Contemporary literature retrieved from an online database search is summarized and integrated. The major topics include the effects of delegation-type, adaptable automation on human performance, workload and situation awareness, the effectiveness of various automation invocation philosophies and strategies to function allocation in adaptive systems, and the role of user modeling in adaptive interface design and the performance implications of adaptive interface technology.

Prinzel, Lawrence J., III; Kaber, David B.

2006-01-01

383

Current Grid Generation Strategies and Future Requirements in Hypersonic Vehicle Design, Analysis and Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent advances in computational power enable computational fluid dynamic modeling of increasingly complex configurations. A review of grid generation methodologies implemented in support of the computational work performed for the X-38 and X-33 are presented. In strategizing topological constructs and blocking structures factors considered are the geometric configuration, optimal grid size, numerical algorithms, accuracy requirements, physics of the problem at hand, computational expense, and the available computer hardware. Also addressed are grid refinement strategies, the effects of wall spacing, and convergence. The significance of grid is demonstrated through a comparison of computational and experimental results of the aeroheating environment experienced by the X-38 vehicle. Special topics on grid generation strategies are also addressed to model control surface deflections, and material mapping.

Papadopoulos, Periklis; Venkatapathy, Ethiraj; Prabhu, Dinesh; Loomis, Mark P.; Olynick, Dave; Arnold, James O. (Technical Monitor)

1998-01-01

384

Preservice teachers: Future first responders in the evolution versus intelligent design battle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) states that evolution is the unifying theme from which all biological science is to be organized and it is the basic principle that guides the majority of biology curricula in the American public school systems today. Previous research indicates a widespread lack of acceptance by the American public of the veracity of this theory and even less agreement that it should be taught as the only theory of human origins in the public schools. Many studies have also documented students' difficulties in learning, or accepting, the theory of evolution. From the time of the Scopes trial in the 1920s, to landmark Supreme Court decisions in the seventies and eighties, the manner of how evolution should taught has been an issue of contention. The most recent challenge to evolution's putative privileged place is called the intelligent design movement which seeks recognition as a competing scientific theory in a way that scientific creationism was never able to be recognized. While there has been much research conducted on the issue of student and teacher acceptance of the theory of evolution, until recently there have been few documented studies of the preservice teacher. To help fill this gap a survey based quantitative study of 330 preservice teachers from both a public and private Southern California university credentialing program was conducted. Their positions regarding the teaching of evolution in the public schools as well as their own beliefs about the importance of the issue were assessed. Results revealed that a majority (52%) was against the teaching of the theory of evolution as the only scientific theory of origins and that over 38% believed that intelligent design should be taught as an alternate or competing theory. Factors that identified this latter group were strongly held religious beliefs, a conservative political ideology, a low level of acceptance of the scientific consensus for the validity about the theory of evolution, and a misunderstanding regarding the nature of science (NOS).

Strauss, Jeffrey M.

385

Oxygen diffusion barriers using a new sacrificial design concept for future high-density memory devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We emphasize the importance of the new design concept for diffusion barriers in high-density memory capacitors. RuTiN and RuTiO films are proposed as sacrificial oxygen diffusion barriers. They showed much lower sheet resistance up to 800 °C than various barriers including binary and ternary nitrides, reported by others. The contact resistance for both the Pt/RuTiN/TiSix/n++poly-plug/n+channel layer/Si and the Pt/RuTiO/RuTiN/TiSix/n++poly-plug/n+channel layer/Si contact structures, the most important electrical parameter for the diffusion barrier in the bottom-electrode structure of capacitors, exhibited values as low as 5 k?, even after annealing up to 750 °C. When each RuTiN and TiN film is inserted as a glue layer between the bottom electrode Pt layer in the CVD-BST simple stack-type structure, the thermal stability of the RuTiN glue layer is observed to be 150 °C higher than that of the TiN glue layer. Moreover, the capacitance of the PVD-BST simple stack-type structure with a TiN glue layer initially degrades after annealing at 500 °C, and thereafter failed completely. In the case of RuTiN and the RuTiO/RuTiN glue layers, however, the capacitance continuously increased up to 550 °C. These new experimental results accommodate the introduction of the sacrificial design concept of diffusion barriers against oxygen in high-density memory capacitors.

Yoon, D. S.; Roh, J. S.

386

EAACI: A European Declaration on Immunotherapy. Designing the future of allergen specific immunotherapy.  

PubMed

Allergy today is a public health concern of pandemic proportions, affecting more than 150 million people in Europe alone. In view of epidemiological trends, the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) predicts that within the next few decades, more than half of the European population may at some point in their lives experience some type of allergy.Not only do allergic patients suffer from a debilitating disease, with the potential for major impact on their quality of life, career progression, personal development and lifestyle choices, but they also constitute a significant burden on health economics and macroeconomics due to the days of lost productivity and underperformance. Given that allergy triggers, including urbanization, industrialization, pollution and climate change, are not expected to change in the foreseeable future, it is imperative that steps are taken to develop, strengthen and optimize preventive and treatment strategies.Allergen specific immunotherapy is the only currently available medical intervention that has the potential to affect the natural course of the disease. Years of basic science research, clinical trials, and systematic reviews and meta-analyses have convincingly shown that allergen specific immunotherapy can achieve substantial results for patients, improving the allergic individuals' quality of life, reducing the long-term costs and burden of allergies, and changing the course of the disease. Allergen specific immunotherapy not only effectively alleviates allergy symptoms, but it has a long-term effect after conclusion of the treatment and can prevent the progression of allergic diseases.Unfortunately, allergen specific immunotherapy has not yet received adequate attention from European institutions, including research funding bodies, even though this could be a most rewarding field in terms of return on investments, translational value and European integration and, a field in which Europe is recognized as a worldwide leader. Evaluation and surveillance of the full cost of allergic diseases is still lacking and further progress is being stifled by the variety of health systems across Europe. This means that the general population remains unaware of the potential use of allergen specific immunotherapy and its potential benefits.We call upon Europe's policy-makers to coordinate actions and improve individual and public health in allergy by:Promoting awareness of the effectiveness of allergen specific immunotherapyUpdating national healthcare policies to support allergen specific immunotherapyPrioritising funding for allergen specific immunotherapy researchMonitoring the macroeconomic and health economic parameters of allergyReinforcing allergy teaching in medical disciplines and specialtiesThe effective implementation of the above policies has the potential for a major positive impact on European health and well-being in the next decade. PMID:23110958

Calderon, Moises A; Demoly, Pascal; Gerth van Wijk, Roy; Bousquet, Jean; Sheikh, Aziz; Frew, Anthony; Scadding, Glenis; Bachert, Claus; Malling, Hans J; Valenta, Rudolph; Bilo, Beatrice; Nieto, Antonio; Akdis, Cezmi; Just, Jocelyne; Vidal, Carmen; Varga, Eva M; Alvarez-Cuesta, Emilio; Bohle, Barbara; Bufe, Albrecht; Canonica, Walter G; Cardona, Victoria; Dahl, Ronald; Didier, Alain; Durham, Stephen R; Eng, Peter; Fernandez-Rivas, Montserrat; Jacobsen, Lars; Jutel, Marek; Kleine-Tebbe, Jörg; Klimek, Ludger; Lötvall, Jan; Moreno, Carmen; Mosges, Ralph; Muraro, Antonella; Niggemann, Bodo; Pajno, Giovanni; Passalacqua, Giovanni; Pfaar, Oliver; Rak, Sabina; Senna, Gianenrico; Senti, Gabriela; Valovirta, Erkka; van Hage, Marianne; Virchow, Johannes C; Wahn, Ulrich; Papadopoulos, Nikolaos

2012-01-01

387

Integral sheet metal design via severe plastic deformation - state of the art and future challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The innovative forming processes Linear Flow Splitting (LFS) and Linear Bend Splitting (LBS) were developed to facilitate the continuous production of branched profiles with tailored sheet thickness by inducing severe plastic strain. In contrast to most SPD processes the stress state in LFS and LBS is very complex and plastic deformation is confined to limited volumes which results in steep strain gradients and consequently ultrafine grained (UFG) gradient microstructures. Even though the processes have been commercialized, the increased lightweight potential that originates from the local grain refinement remains mostly idle since it is neither fully understood nor easily assessable yet. The present work shows the state of the art for the LFS and LBS processes and compares the microstructures and distribution of mechanical properties for different steels processed with different LFS parameters. The data is used to identify characteristic manufacturing induced properties that are insensitive to processing parameters. Based on the experimental results a material flow model for the processing zone is proposed which is discussed with respect to the current understanding of plasticity at severe strains.

Bruder, E.; Kaune, V.; Müller, C.

2014-08-01

388

Biological neural networks as model systems for designing future parallel processing computers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the more interesting debates of the present day centers on whether human intelligence can be simulated by computer. The author works under the premise that neurons individually are not smart at all. Rather, they are physical units which are impinged upon continuously by other matter that influences the direction of voltage shifts across the units membranes. It is only the action of a great many neurons, billions in the case of the human nervous system, that intelligent behavior emerges. What is required to understand even the simplest neural system is painstaking analysis, bit by bit, of the architecture and the physiological functioning of its various parts. The biological neural network studied, the vestibular utricular and saccular maculas of the inner ear, are among the most simple of the mammalian neural networks to understand and model. While there is still a long way to go to understand even this most simple neural network in sufficient detail for extrapolation to computers and robots, a start was made. Moreover, the insights obtained and the technologies developed help advance the understanding of the more complex neural networks that underlie human intelligence.

Ross, Muriel D.

1991-01-01

389

Factors affecting the design and breakthrough performance of evaporative loss control systems for current and future emission standards  

SciTech Connect

For approximately 20 years, activated carbons used in motor vehicle evaporative loss control devices (ELCD) have been selected on the basis of butane saturation working capacity. While this technique served as a useful standard in the past, more stringent evaporative emission regulations coupled with changing automobile designs and changes in gasoline composition have prompted a reexamination of the carbon products used in the ELCD systems and the methods used to predict the carbon performance. The authors' studies show the butane working capacity test to be misleading, and a poor indicator of actual performance. In contrast, a new adsorbent test rig that measures carbon working capacity to breakthrough has been found to be a much more sensitive measurement of a carbon's suitability for meeting the 2 gram SHED emission test.

Urbanic, J.E.; Oswald, E.S.; Wagner, N.J.; Moore, H.E.

1989-01-01

390

The Present and Future of Planetary Nebula Research. A White Paper by the IAU Planetary Nebula Working Group  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a summary of current research on planetary nebulae and their central stars, and related subjects such as atomic processes in ionized nebulae, AGB and post-AGB evolution. Future advances are discussed that will be essential to substantial improvements in our knowledge in the field. %Z Abia, C., de Laverny, P., & Wahlin, R. 2008, aap , 481, 161 Allamandola, L. J., Tielens, A. G. G. M., & Barker, J. R. 1985, ApJL, 290, L25 Arnaboldi, M. 2012, IAU Symp., 283, 267 Arnett, W. D., & Meakin, C., 2011, apj , 741, 33 Asensio-Ramos, A., Martínez González, M. J., Manso Sainz, R., Corradi, R. L. M., & Leone, F. 2014, ApJ, 787, 111 Balick, B., Hajian, A. R. 2004, AJ , 127, 2269 Balick, B., Huarte-Espinosa, M., Frank, A., Gomez, T., Alcolea, J., Corradi, R. L. M., & Vinkovic, D. 2013, apj , 772, 20 Barker, T. 1978, apj , 219, 914 Barlow, M. J., Liu, X.-W., Péquignot, D., Storey, P. J., Tsamis, Y. G., & Morisset, C. 2003, Planetary Nebulae: Their Evolution and Role in the Universe, ed. Kwok, S., Dopita, M., & Sutherland, R. (San Francisco, CA: ASP) 209, 373 Bauman, R. P., Porter, R. L., Ferland, G. J., & MacAdam, K. B. 2005, ApJ, 628, 541 Bautista, M. A. 2006, in Barlow, M. J., Méndez, R. H., eds, IAU Symp. 234, Planetary Nebulae in our Galaxy and Beyond (Cambridge University Press) 203 Benedict, G. F., McArthur, B. E., Napiwotzki, R., et al. 2009, AJ , 138, 1969 Benjamin, R. A., Skillman, E. D., & Smits, D. P. 1999, apj , 514, 307 ibidrule 2002, apj , 569, 288 Blöcker, T. 1995a, aap , 297, 727 ibidrule 1995b, aap , 299, 755 ibidrule 2001, apss , 275, 1 Boffin, H. M. J., Miszalski, B., Rauch, T., et al. 2012, Science, 338, 773 Bond, H. E. 2000, in ASP Conf. Ser. 199: Asymmetrical Planetary Nebulae II: From Origins to Microstructures, 115 Bresolin, F., Stasinska, G., Vilchez, J. M., Simon, J.D., & Rosolowsky, E. 2010, ApJ, 404, 1679 Bright, S. N. 2013, PhD Thesis, Macquarie University, USA. Bujarrabal, V., et al. 2013, aap , 557, L11 Cameron, P. B., Britton, M. C., & Kulkarni, S. R. 2009, AJ , 137, 83 Cami, J., Bernard-Salas, J., Peeters, E., & Malek, S. E. 2010, Science, 329, 1180 Cataldo, F., García-Hernández, D. A., & Manchado, A. 2013, mnras , 429, 3025 Charbonnel, C., & Zahn, J.-P. 2007, aap , 467, L15 Chigai, T., Yamamoto, T., Kaito, C., & Kimura, Y. 2003, apj , 587, 771 Ciardullo, R. 2012, Astrophys. Sp. Sci., 341, 151 Ciardullo, R., Bond, H. E., Sipior, M. S., Fullton, L. K., Zhang, C.-Y., & Schaefer, K. G. 1999, AJ , 118, 488 Coccato, L., et al. 2009, MNRAS, 394, 1249 Cohen, M., & Green, A. J. 2001, mnras , 325, 531 Cohen, M., Parker, Q. A., Green, A. J., et al. 2007, apj , 669, 343 Cohen, M., Parker, Q. A., Green, A. J., et al. 2011, mnras , 413, 514 Corradi, R. L. M., Balick, B., & Santander-García, M. 2011a, aap , 529, A43 Corradi, R. L. M., Sabin, L., Miszalski, B., et al. 2011b, mnras , 410, 1349 Corradi, R. L. M., Sánchez-Blázquez, P., Mellema, G., et al. 2004, aap , 417, 637 Corradi, R. L. M., Schönberner, D., Steffen, M., & Perinotto, M. 2003, mnras , 340, 417 Cortesi, A., et al. 2011, mnras , 414, 642 Cristallo, S., Straniero, O., Gallino, R., Piersanti, L., Domínguez, I., & Lederer, M. T. 2009, apj , 696, 797 Davey, A. R., Storey, P. J., & Kisielius, R. 2000, A&AS, 142, 85 Dekel, A., et al. 2005, Nature, 437, 707 De Lorenzi, F., et al. 2008, mnras , 385, 1729 De Lorenzi, F., et al. 2009, mnras , 395, 76 De Marco, O. 2009, pasp , 121, 316 De Marco, O. 2011, in Asymmetric Planetary Nebulae V, ed. Zijlstra, A. A., Lykou, F., McDonald, I., & Lagadec, E. (Bowness-on-Windermere, U.K.) De Marco, O., Farihi, J., & Nordhaus, J., 2009, Journal of Physics Conference Series, 172, 012031 De Marco, O., Passy, J.-C., Frew, D. J., Moe, M., & Jacoby, G. H. 2013, mnras , 428, 2118 De Marco, O., & Soker, N. 2011, pasp , 123, 402 Denissenkov, P. A., & Tout, C. A. 2003, mnras , 340, 722 De Smedt, K., van Winckel, H., Karakas, A. I., Siess, L., Goriely, S., & Wood, P. R. 2012, aap , 541, A67 Dijkstra, C., Do

Kwitter, K. B.; Méndez, R. H.; Peña, M.; Stanghellini, L.; Corradi, R. L. M.; De Marco, O.; Fang, X.; Henry, R. B. C.; Karakas, A. I.; Liu, X.-W.; López, J. A.; Manchado, A.; Parker, Q. A.

2014-10-01

391

AGS SUPER NEUTRINO BEAM FACILITY ACCELERATOR AND TARGET SYSTEM DESIGN (NEUTRINO WORKING GROUP REPORT-II).  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the design of the accelerator and target systems for the AGS Super Neutrino Beam Facility. Under the direction of the Associate Laboratory Director Tom Kirk, BNL has established a Neutrino Working Group to explore the scientific case and facility requirements for a very long baseline neutrino experiment. Results of a study of the physics merit and detector performance was published in BNL-69395 in October 2002, where it was shown that a wide-band neutrino beam generated by a 1 MW proton beam from the AGS, coupled with a half megaton water Cerenkov detector located deep underground in the former Homestake mine in South Dakota would be able to measure the complete set of neutrino oscillation parameters: (1) precise determination of the oscillation parameters {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 32}; (2) detection of the oscillation of {nu}{sub {mu}}-{nu}{sub e} and measurement of sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13}; (3) measurement of {Delta}m{sub 21}{sup 2} sin 2{theta}{sub 12} in a {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} appearance mode, independent of the value of {theta}{sub 13}; (4) verification of matter enhancement and the sign of {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2}; and (5) determination of the CP-violation parameter {delta}{sub CP} in the neutrino sector. This report details the performance requirements and conceptual design of the accelerator and the target systems for the production of a neutrino beam by a 1.0 MW proton beam from the AGS. The major components of this facility include a new 1.2 GeV superconducting linac, ramping the AGS at 2.5 Hz, and the new target station for 1.0 MW beam. It also calls for moderate increase, about 30%, of the AGS intensity per pulse. Special care is taken to account for all sources of proton beam loss plus shielding and collimation of stray beam halo particles to ensure equipment reliability and personal safety. A preliminary cost estimate and schedule for the accelerator upgrade and target system are also included.

DIWAN,M.; MARCIANO,W.; WENG,W.; RAPARIA,D.

2003-04-21

392

Design and construction techniques of an American vernacular architect : the work of Dr. Henry Chapman Mercer  

E-print Network

The design and building process of Dr. Henry Chapman Mercer is explored for its relationship to vernacular design. The vehicle for this exploration is 'Fonthill,' the home of Dr. Mercer constructed by him in 1908. Complete ...

Eichenberger, Kurt Frederick

1982-01-01

393

Parents' participation in a work-based anti-poverty program can enhance their children's future orientation: understanding pathways of influence.  

PubMed

Planning and preparing for life after high school is a central developmental task of American adolescents, and may be even more critical for low-income youth who are less likely to attend a four year college. This study investigates factors that led to the effects of the New Hope Project, a work-based, anti-poverty program directed at parents on youths' career-related thoughts and planning. The New Hope project was implemented in Milwaukee, WI, during the mid-1990s. 745 families participated (52% male children; 56% African American; 30% Latino, and 15% White non-Hispanic) and half were randomly selected to receive New Hope benefits, which included earnings supplements, job search assistance, and child and health care subsidies for 3 years. Importantly, effects on youths' future orientation were found 8 years after the program began (5 years after benefits ended). The present study investigates what factors sustained these positive impacts over time. Results indicate that parental perceptions of reading performance mediate the effects of New Hope on youths' cynicism about work. Additionally, parental perceptions of reading performance and youths' educational expectations mediate the effects of New Hope on boys' pessimism about future employment. These findings highlight the importance of youths' educational development to their career-related thoughts and planning. PMID:22878938

Purtell, Kelly M; McLoyd, Vonnie C

2013-06-01

394

MIDDLESEX UNIVERSITY, INTERACTION DESIGN CENTRE We present the work of the Middlesex University IDC.  

E-print Network

cognitive cause) rather than the phenotype (the erroneous actions) giving greater explanatory power. A novel systems. We focus on 3 application areas: digital libraries, distributed cognitive systems, and design libraries, design-for-all, distributed cognition. 1. INTRODUCTION The Interaction Design Centre (IDC

Curzon, Paul

395

MIDDLESEX UNIVERSITY, INTERACTION DESIGN CENTRE We present the work of the Middlesex University  

E-print Network

on modelling the underlying error genotype (the cognitive cause) rather than the phenotype (the erroneous, distributed cognitive systems, and design for all. We use these applications both as complex exemplars to test system design, interactive system evaluation, digital libraries, design-for-all, distributed cognition. 1

Curzon, Paul

396

is brochure is designed to guide you through some of the many ways OSU is working towards a sustainable future.  

E-print Network

and practices including recycled rubber flooring, natural lighting, low-VOC materials, heat recovery ventilation STORE REUSE AND RECYCLING 5 Welcometo your self guided tour! OSU's student recreation center has

Escher, Christine

397

Optical design and cryogenic mounting of the optics for a pyramid waterfront sensor working in the near infrared wavelength range  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the whole process of designing, manufacturing and assembling the optics for an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor, called PYRAMIR. This sensor is built to work with the adaptive optical system at the 3.5 m telescope of the Calar Alto Observatory, Spain, which controls a 97 actuator deformable mirror. PYRAMIR is working in combination with an infrared science camera, which is used for observations. Since the wavefront sensor works in the near infrared (1.0 ?m to 2.4 ?m), the detector, the optics and all the mechanics are cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature. For this cryogenic condition, special care has to be taken for the optical design and the mounting of the lenses. We describe in detail the process from infrared optical design and cryo-mechanical engineering, to the final assembly of the opto-mechanical units and testing in the lab. Technical solutions are illustrated and the final performance is demonstrated.

Bizenberger, P.; Baumeister, H.; Büchler Costa, J.; Peter, D.

2005-09-01

398

Designing for Diagnosing: Introduction to the Special Issue on Diagnostic Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

When faced with anything out of the ordinary, faulty or suspicious, the work of determining and categorizing the trouble,\\u000a and scoping for what to do about it (if anything) often go hand in hand—this is diagnostic work. In all its expert and non-expert\\u000a forms diagnostic work is often both intellectual and embodied, collaborative and distributed, and ever more deeply entangled

Monika Büscher; Jacki O’Neill; John Rooksby

2009-01-01

399

Safe places for pedestrians: Using cognitive work analysis to consider the relationships between the engineering and urban design of footpaths.  

PubMed

Footpaths provide an integral component of our urban environments and have the potential to act as safe places for people and the focus for community life. Despite this, the approach to designing footpaths that are safe while providing this sense of place often occurs in silos. There is often very little consideration given to how designing for sense of place impacts safety and vice versa. The aim of this study was to use a systems analysis and design framework to develop a design template for an 'ideal' footpath system that embodies both safety and sense of place. This was achieved through using the first phase of the Cognitive Work Analysis framework, Work Domain Analysis, to specify a model of footpaths as safe places for pedestrians. This model was subsequently used to assess two existing footpath environments to determine the extent to which they meet the design requirements specified. The findings show instances where the existing footpaths both meet and fail to meet the design requirements specified. Through utilising a systems approach for footpaths, this paper has provided a novel design template that can inform new footpath design efforts or be used to evaluate the extent to which existing footpaths achieve their safety and sense of place requirements. PMID:25089766

Stevens, Nicholas; Salmon, Paul

2014-11-01

400

Regression Discontinuity Designs: A Guide to Practice. NBER Working Paper No. 13039  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Regression Discontinuity (RD) designs for evaluating causal effects of interventions, assignment to a treatment is determined at least partly by the value of an observed covariate lying on either side of a fixed threshold. These designs were first introduced in the evaluation literature by Thistlewaite and Campbell (1960). With the exception of…

Imbens, Guido; Lemieux, Thomas

2007-01-01

401

Globalization, the `new economy' and working womenTheorizing from the New Zealand designer fashion industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper arises out of research on the New Zealand designer fashion industry. An unexpected success story, this export-oriented industry is dominated by women as designers, employees, wholesale and public relations agents, industry officials, fashion writers and editors, in addition to women holding more traditionally gendered roles as garment workers, tastemakers and consumers. Our analysis of the gendered globalization of

Wendy Larner; Maureen Molloy

2009-01-01

402

Designing Oregon's Certification Program for Japanese: The University, School Districts, and Community Working Together.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description is given of Oregon's first and only program to prepare Japanese language teachers for state certification. The program was designed through collaboration by three integral groups: departments within the University, neighboring school districts, and members of the Japanese and business community. The new program, designed to meet the…

Tamura, Linda; And Others

403

What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) Standards for Evaluating Single Case Designs (SCDs)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) seeks to provide educators, policymakers, researchers, and the public with a central and trusted source of scientific evidence for what works in education. The WWC was established in 2002 by the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences (IES). It serves as a decision-making resource by…

Monahan, Shannon; Kratochwill, Thomas; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

404

The Study of Surface Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Its Design, Efficiency, and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a Surface Computer Supported Cooperative Work paradigm is proposed. Recently, multitouch technology has become widely available for human-computer interaction. We found it has great potential to facilitate more awareness of human-to-human interaction than personal computers (PCs) in colocated collaborative work. However, other…

Hwang, Wu-Yuin; Su, Jia-Han

2012-01-01

405

Designing New York's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The genius of Mayor Bloomberg's plan to develop a new applied sciences campus in New York City is that it acknowledges the increasingly pivotal role of academic institutions as drivers of local economic growth. At a time when large corporations may not be the reliable job producers they were in the past and cities like New York badly need to…

Giles, David

2012-01-01

406

Investigating the work ability of older employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing work tasks and work environments that are appropriate for aging employees has become a growing area of interest in the United States and many European countries. Demographic indicators suggest a significant increase in the number of older employees composing the future working population. Research indicates that most workers experience a decline in work ability as they age if no

Sabrina N. Williams; Lesia L. Crumpton

1997-01-01

407

The design of future central receiver power plants based on lessons learned from the Solar One Pilot Plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 10-MW(sub e) Solar One Pilot Plant was the world's largest solar central receiver power plant. During its power production years it delivered over 37,000 MWhrs (net) to the utility grid. In this type of electric power generating plant, large sun-tracking mirrors called heliostats reflect and concentrate sunlight onto a receiver mounted on top of a tower. The receiver transforms the solar energy into thermal energy that heats water, turning it into superheated steam that drives a turbine to generate electricity. The Solar One Pilot Plant successfully demonstrated the feasibility of generating electricity with a solar central receiver power plant. During the initial 2 years the plant was tested and 4 years the plant was operated as a power plant, a great deal of data was collected relating to the efficiency and reliability of the plant's various systems. This paper summarizes these statistics and compares them to goals developed by the U.S. Department of Energy. Based on this comparison, improvements in the design and operation of future central receiver plants are recommended. Research at Sandia National Laboratories and the U.S. utility industry suggests that the next generation of central receiver power plants will use a molten salt heat transfer fluid rather than water/steam. Sandia has recently completed the development of the hardware needed in a molten salt power plant. Use of this new technology is expected to solve many of the performance problems encountered at Solar One. Projections for the energy costs from these future central receiver plants are also presented. For reference, these projections are compared to the current energy costs from the SEGS parabolic trough plants now operating in Southern California.

Kolb, G. J.

408

The design of future central receiver power plants based on lessons learned from the Solar One Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The 10-MW{sub e} Solar One Pilot Plant was the world's largest solar central receiver power plant. During its power production years it delivered over 37,000 MWhrs (net) to the utility grid. In this type of electric power generating plant, large sun-tracking mirrors called heliostats reflect and concentrate sunlight onto a receiver mounted on top a of a tower. The receiver transforms the solar energy into thermal energy that heats water, turning it into superheated steam that drives a turbine to generate electricity. The Solar One Pilot Plant successfully demonstrated the feasibility of generating electricity with a solar central receiver power plant. During the initial 2 years the plant was tested and 4 years the plant was operated as a power plant, a great deal of data was collected relating to the efficiency and reliability of the plant's various systems. This paper summarizes these statistics and compares them to goals developed by the US Department of Energy. Based on this comparison, improvements in the design and operation of future central receiver plants are recommended. Research at Sandia National Laboratories and the US utility industry suggests that the next generation of central receiver power plants will use a molten salt heat transfer fluid rather than water/steam. Sandia has recently completed the development of the hardware needed in a molten salt power plant. Use of this new technology is expected to solve many of the performance problems encountered at Solar One. Projections for the energy costs from these future central receiver plants are also presented. For reference, these projections are compared to the current energy costs from the SEGS parabolic trough plants now operating in Southern California.

Kolb, G.J.

1991-01-01

409

Integrated ergonomics approach toward designing night and shift work in developing countries based on experiences in Bali, Indonesia.  

PubMed

Recently, the effort in carrying out an integrated ergonomics approach known as "SHIP" (systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary and participatory) approach has been intensively undertaken in Bali with the aim of sustaining improvements being done. The People's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia issued for the 1999-2004 period a "SHIP" Act on the Macro Guidelines of Tourism Development in which ergonomics and other factors must be considered comprehensively to attain sustainable development in tourism. Therefore the night and shift work that is recently increasingly applied in the tourism industry must also be designed and organized through this approach. In fact, however, economic factors have still been the predominant reason for workers to accept any type of night and shift work decided by the management, without taking into account possible impacts and consequences. For example, rapid forward rotation schemes seem more adapted to the hotel industry instead of traditional 6-6-6 rotation. Further, inter-city bus drivers are approved to work a 24-hour shift followed by one day off. These drivers often work an additional risky night shift after two consecutive night shifts so as to meet needed expenses for the family. Cultural or religious activities still presented constraints for workers as they carried out subsequently the night work. Therefore, proactive steps should be taken in a timely manner through the integrated SHIP approach in designing night and shift work so as to achieve work schedules compatible with both social life of shiftworkers and business concerns. PMID:14564879

Manuaba, A

2001-12-01

410

Collaborative Faculty Assessment of Service-Learning Student Work to Improve Student and Faculty Learning and Course Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper illustrates an approach for using university-wide service-learning student outcomes to assess student work for the purpose of improving service-learning student and faculty learning and course design. The author and a colleague used this approach to study the author's service-learning course. The results of this study generated an…

Shapiro, Daniel F.

2012-01-01

411

Teachers at Work: Improving Teacher Quality through School Design. Education Sector Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Furman Brown has spent over a decade figuring out how to design a better school. As a first-year teacher in South Central Los Angeles in the early 1990s, he got a taste of what was wrong with the traditional public school model: It was not designed to serve students "or" teachers well. Convinced there was a better way to organize and distribute…

Silva, Elena

2009-01-01

412

Virtual patient design: exploring what works and why. A grounded theory study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Virtual patients (VPs) are online representations of clinical cases used in medical education. Widely adopted, they are well placed to teach clinical reasoning skills. International technology standards mean VPs can be created, shared and repurposed between institutions. A systematic review has highlighted the lack of evidence to support which of the numerous VP designs may be effective, and why. We set out to research the influence of VP design on medical undergraduates. Methods This is a grounded theory study into the influence of VP design on undergraduate medical students. Following a review of the literature and publicly available VP cases, we identified important design properties. We integrated them into two substantial VPs produced for this research. Using purposeful iterative sampling, 46 medical undergraduates were recruited to participate in six focus groups. Participants completed both VPs, an evaluation and a 1-hour focus group discussion. These were digitally recorded, transcribed and analysed using grounded theory, supported by computer-assisted analysis. Following open, axial and selective coding, we produced a theoretical model describing how students learn from VPs. Results We identified a central core phenomenon designated ‘learning from the VP’. This had four categories: VP Construction; External Preconditions; Student–VP Interaction, and Consequences. From these, we constructed a three-layer model describing the interactions of students with VPs. The inner layer consists of the student's cognitive and behavioural preconditions prior to sitting a case. The middle layer considers the VP as an ‘encoded object’, an e-learning artefact and as a ‘constructed activity’, with associated pedagogic and organisational elements. The outer layer describes cognitive and behavioural change. Conclusions This is the first grounded theory study to explore VP design. This original research has produced a model which enhances understanding of how and why the delivery and design of VPs influence learning. The model may be of practical use to authors, institutions and researchers. PMID:23662877

Bateman, James; Allen, Maggie; Samani, Dipti; Kidd, Jane; Davies, David

2013-01-01

413

Futures in Business. Interim Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed for use by instructors teaching a six-unit course on futures in business. Presented first is a diagram illustrating the place of the course in Manitoba's business education curriculum. The academic, personal management, and teamwork skills that have been deemed critical employability skills required of the Canadian work…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

414

Lattice design for the future ERL-based electron hadron colliders eRHIC and LHeC  

SciTech Connect

We present a lattice design of a CW Electron Recovery Linacs (ERL) for future electron hadron colliders eRHIC and LHeC. In eRHIC, an six-pass ERL installed in the existing Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) tunnel will collide 5-30 GeV polarized electrons with RHIC's 50-250 (325) GeV polarized protons or 20-100 (130) GeV/u heavy ions. In LHeC a stand-along, 3-pass 60 GeV CW ERL will collide polarized electrons with 7 TeV protons. After collision, electron beam energy is recovered and electrons are dumped at low energy. Two superconducting linacs are located in the two straight sections in both ERLs. The multiple arcs are made of Flexible Momentum Compaction lattice (FMC) allowing adjustable momentum compaction for electrons with different energies. The multiple arcs, placed above each other, are matched to the two linac's straight sections with splitters and combiners.

Trbojevic, D.; Beebe-Wang, J.; Hao, Y.; Litvinenko, V.N.; Ptitsyn, V.; Kayran, D.; Tsoupas, N.

2011-03-28

415

Integration of RAMS and risk analysis in product design and development work processes : A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most industrial customers are looking for products that meet the functional performance needs and have predictable life cycle cost (LCC). Due to design problems and poor product support, these systems are not able to meet the customers' requirements. Major causes of customer dissatisfaction are often traced back to unexpected failures, leading to unexpected costs. However, with proper consideration of reliability,

Tore Markeset; Uday Kumar

2003-01-01

416

Mixing Ideas: A New Technique for Working with Young Children as Design Partners  

E-print Network

INTRODUCTION New technologies for children continually emerge. From technology-enhanced toys such as Actimates in children's lives. How this technology is developed, and who is involved in the process can vary greatly roles that children may play in the design of new technology [6], we believe that children can

Golbeck, Jennifer

417

The Design of Performance Pay in Education. NBER Working Paper No. 16710  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter analyzes the design of incentive schemes in education while reviewing empirical studies that evaluate performance pay programs for educators. Several themes emerge. First, it is difficult to use one assessment system to create both educator performance metrics and measures of student achievement. To mitigate incentives for coaching,…

Neal, Derek

2011-01-01

418

Working for Social Change: Using Student-Centered Instructional Designs to Improve Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators are being encouraged to implement new instructional designs in an era where new standards, which promote student-centered learning, are being utilized and all students are expected to be successful on standardized tests. Consequently, there is a need for further research on the effectiveness of student-centered instruction. For that…

Burley, M. A.

2009-01-01

419

Introducing Experimental Design by Evaluating Efficacy of Herbal Remedies (Do Herbal Remedies Really Work?)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based upon experiments developed as part of a Directed Research course designed to provide undergraduate biology students experience in the principles and processes of the scientific method used in biological research. The project involved the evaluation of herbal remedies used in many parts of the world in the treatment of diseases…

Smith, Robert A.; Pontiggia, Laura; Waterman, Carrie; Lichtenwalner, Meghan

2010-01-01

420

Preparing Graduates for Work in the Creative Industries: A Collaborative Learning Approach for Design Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in the use of collaborative learning strategies in higher education is growing as educators seek better ways to prepare students for the workplace. In design education, teamwork and creativity are particularly valued; successful collaborative learning depends on knowledge sharing between students, and there is increasing recognition that…

Turnbull, Morag; Littlejohn, Allison; Allan, Malcolm

2012-01-01

421

Working through meetings (tutorial session)(abstract only): a framework for designing meeting support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goals and content: Through this tutorial, participants will: understand distinctions among various types of meetings and the role of various types of conversations in successful meetings; understand the importance of partnership for achieving team results in meetings; formulate plans for successful technological support for meetings. Participants will experience, through a series of connected exercises, an ad hoc meeting designed to

John Bennett; John Karat

1996-01-01

422

Get Organized at Work! A Look inside the Game Design Process of Valve and Linden Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the configuration of modular and temporary organization designs. By drawing on two prominent developer firms, namely, Valve Inc. and Linden Lab, respectively, "cabals" and "studios" are explored. The results of interviews conducted with employees of these firms are used as evidence. The article demonstrates that, to various…

van der Graaf, Shenja

2012-01-01

423

Design of a work-piece of 385 diesel engine punching dies based on CAE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the idea of mechanical optimization design, dies meeting the requirements were built by the analysis on the stamping part front-covering-shell. The DYNAFORM software is used for CAE analysis. Because CAE is introduced, stamping is developed from the original analysis on strain and stress to simulation and analysis of process by finite element method and so on. Finally, press

Zhou Jian; Li Li-jun; Li Xing-hua; Gao Zi-cheng; Cheng Ke

2010-01-01

424

Indiana University chemists' work will aid drug design to target cancer and inflammatory disease  

Cancer.gov

Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have produced detailed descriptions of the structure and molecular properties of human folate receptor proteins, a key development for designing new drugs that can target cancer and inflammatory diseases without serious side effects. Indiana University is home to the Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center Cancer Center.

425

Design, construction and control of a quasi-resonant SMPS working at 2 MHz  

Microsoft Academic Search

Switching mode power supplies with higher switching frequencies are, in general, smaller in size for the same power rating. Resonant converters have an advantage over PWM-type converters because they use soft switching, reducing losses and increasing the energy efficiency of the power electronic circuit. In this paper, a converter is designed having a switching frequency of more than 2 MHz.

S. Uytterhoeven; P. Jacqmaer; J. Driesen

2008-01-01

426

Design Criteria for Work-Based Learning: Merrill's First Principles of Instruction Expanded  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In multinational corporations, new models of learning are developing. A particular model with direct applications for challenges facing distributed workforces is one that combines the strengths of formal and informal learning while focusing on participants' work-based tasks. An operationalisation of this model in the context of the ongoing…

Collis, Betty; Margaryan, Anoush

2005-01-01

427

School-to-Work Curricula in the Middle Schools: Design, Benefits, and Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 28 middle school staff regarding school-to-work STW curriculum implementation, focus, outcomes, and issues found a range of benefits provided to students. STW experiences contributed to young adolescent development, self-understanding, confidence, self-esteem, motivation, and responsibility--in other words, what middle schools were…

Finch, Curtis R.; Mooney, Marianne

2002-01-01

428

Optimization using surrogates for engineering design, and some thoughts on working with industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This talk will outline the surrogate management framework (6), which is presently built on the filter GPS method for general nonlinear programming without derivatives (5). This line of research was motivated by industrial applications, indeed, by a question I was asked by Paul Frank of Boeing Phantom Works. His group was often asked for help in dealing with very expensive

J. E. Dennis Jr

429

Maybe The people who designed your car didn't work for GM, Ford  

E-print Network

preferences for seat fabrics (cloth or leather?), wheels (steel, alloy or chrome?) and a host of other're taking advances in marketing and advances in engineering optimization and mashing them together," said Ferguson, an assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering. Ferguson's work, which

Young, R. Michael

430

The Working Postures among Schoolchildren--Controlled Intervention Study on the Effects of Newly Designed Workstations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: School workstations are often inappropriate in not offering an optimal sitting posture. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of individually adjustable saddle-type chairs with wheels and desks with comfort curve and arm support on schoolchildren's working postures compared to conventional workstations. Methods:…

Saarni, Lea; Nygrd, Clas-H kan; Rimpel, Arja; Nummi, Tapio; Kaukiainen, Anneli

2007-01-01

431

Social Work Student Characteristics and Their Views of Alcoholic Clients: Designing Educational Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores attitudes toward alcoholism and the formative characteristics of an entering class of graduate social work students. Results produced four belief groupings: moralists, treatment optimists, habit model adherents, and disease model adherents. Findings indicate that background characteristics influence different kinds of attitudes. Suggests…

Gassman, Ruth A.

1997-01-01

432

Safety and accidents in the construction industry: A work design perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a synoptic view of construction safety from a behavioural science perspective. It considers the different influences that have a bearing upon the formation and maintenance of operatives' attitudes and motivations towards safety and risk-taking at work. It summarizes these influences in terms of a ‘Potential Accident Subject’ model. The implications of this model for the development of

Philip J. Leather

1987-01-01

433

Participatory Action Research in the Implementing Process of Evidence-Based Intervention to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Project Design of the "Healthy Future" Study  

PubMed Central

Objective. To describe the design of the developmental project Healthy Future that aims to implement a new evidence-based program for the prevention of childhood obesity and collaboration and sharing of work between specialist and community health care professionals in parts of a county in western Norway. Methods. Comprehensive participatory planning and evaluation (CPPE) process as an action-oriented research approach was chosen, using mixed data sources, mixed methods, and triangulation. Discussion. A bottom-up approach might decrease the barriers when new evidence-based childhood prevention interventions are going to be implemented. It is crucial not only to build partnership and shared understanding, motivation, and vision, but also to consider the frames of the organizations, such as competencies, and time to carry out the interventions at the right level of health care service and adapt to the overweight children and their families needs. Conclusion. The developmental process of new health care programs is complex and multileveled and requires a framework to guide the process. By CPPE approach evidence-based health care practice can be delivered based on research, user knowledge, and provider knowledge in the field of childhood overweight and obesity in a certain context. PMID:23956843

Stormark, Kjell Morten

2013-01-01

434

Longitudinal design for sonographic measurement of median nerve swelling with controlled exposure to physical work using an animal model.  

PubMed

In the study described here, we examined the feasibility of a longitudinal design to measure sonographically swelling of the median nerve caused by controlled exposure to a work task and to evaluate the relationship of changes in morphology to diagnostic standards. Fifteen macaques, Macaca fascicularis, pinched a lever in various wrist positions at a self-regulated pace (8 h/d, 5 d/wk, 18-20 wk). Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and cross-sectional area (CSA) were measured every 2 wk from baseline through working and a 6-wk recovery. Trending across all subjects revealed that NCV slowed and CSA at the carpal tunnel increased in the working arm, whereas no changes were observed in CSA either at the forearm or for any measure in the non-working arm. There was a small negative correlation between NCV and CSA in the working arm. This study provides validation that swelling can be observed using a longitudinal design. Longitudinal human studies are needed to describe the trajectory of nerve swelling for early identification of median nerve pathology. PMID:24139197

Roll, Shawn C; Evans, Kevin D; Volz, Kevin R; Sommerich, Carolyn M

2013-12-01

435

Ergonomic evaluation of footrest designs for sitting and standing work postures  

E-print Network

), and participant gender. Six variables of volume change were analyzed separately for each leg. Appendix A contains the results of this analysis. No variable proved to be significant. Anderson Darling, Lin-Mudholker, and skewness and kurtosis tests found...). Type III sums of squares are the usual sums of squares from a marginal means analysis or the sums of squares obtained with a balanced design with no missing observations. BLOCK(GENDER) is variability'between same gender participants who received...

Gray, Jada Lea

2012-06-07

436

The role of satisfaction with territory design on the motivation, attitudes, and work outcomes of salespeople  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary emphasis of previous research concerning salespeople has been focused on their attitudes and behavior. The relationship\\u000a between organizational variables and salesperson attitudes and behavior has received very limited attention. Sales territory\\u000a design is largely uncontrollable by the salesperson, yet is acknowledged by managers and researchers as an important factor\\u000a enabling salespeople to perform well. The objective is to

Ken Grant; David W. Cravens; George S. Low; William C. Moncrief

2001-01-01

437

Results from study of potential early commercial MHD power plants and from recent ETF design work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study deals with different 'moderate technology' entry-level commercial MHD power plants. Two of the reference plants are based on combustion of coal with air preheated in a high-temperature regenerative air heater separately fired with a low-BTU gas produced in a gasifier integrated with the power plant. The third reference plant design is based on the use of oxygen enriched

F. Hals; R. Kessler; D. Swallom; L. Westra; J. Zar; W. Morgan; C. Bozzuto

1980-01-01

438

Work in progress — Design and the robotically-controlled mini-plant in freshman chemical engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through an iterative process over nine semesters, the freshman Chemical Engineering Analysis course in Mississippi State University's Swalm School of Chemical Engineering has evolved into a problem-based design experience using the LEGO NXT® robotics kits integrated with Vernier® sensor technology and auxiliary bench-scale equipment (e.g. pumps, valves, piping and tanks). Integrating a variety of skills important to engineering practice, this

Bill B. Elmore; Dave C. Swalm

2011-01-01

439

Exploratory Shaft Seismic Design Basis Working Group report; Yucca Mountain Project  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared for the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP), which is managed by the US Department of Energy. The participants in the YMP are investigating the suitability of a site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, for construction of a repository for high-level radioactive waste. An exploratory shaft facility (ESF) will be constructed to permit site characterization. The major components of the ESF are two shafts that will be used to provide access to the underground test areas for men, utilities, and ventilation. If a repository is constructed at the site, the exploratory shafts will be converted for use as intake ventilation shafts. In the context of both underground nuclear explosions (conducted at the nearby Nevada Test Site) and earthquakes, the report contains discussions of faulting potential at the site, control motions at depth, material properties of the different rock layers relevant to seismic design, the strain tensor for each of the waveforms along the shaft liners, and the method for combining the different strain components along the shaft liners. The report also describes analytic methods, assumptions used to ensure conservatism, and uncertainties in the data. The analyses show that none of the shafts` structures, systems, or components are important to public radiological safety; therefore, the shafts need only be designed to ensure worker safety, and the report recommends seismic design parameters appropriate for this purpose. 31 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Subramanian, C.V. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA); King, J.L. [Science Applications International Corp., Las Vegas, NV (USA); Perkins, D.M. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA); Mudd, R.W. [Fenix and Scisson, Inc., Tulsa, OK (USA); Richardson, A.M. [Parsons, Brinckerhoff, Quade and Douglas, Inc., San Francisco, CA (USA); Calovini, J.C. [Holmes and Narver, Inc., Las Vegas, NV (USA); Van Eeckhout, E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Emerson, D.O. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)

1990-08-01

440

Intelligent Fiber Optic Sensor for Estimating the Concentration of a Mixture-Design and Working Principle  

PubMed Central

This paper presents the construction and working principles of an intelligent fiber-optic intensity sensor used for examining the concentration of a mixture in conjunction with water. It can find applications e.g. in waste-water treatment plant for selection of a treatment process. The sensor head is the end of a large core polymer optical fiber, which constitutes one arm of an asymmetrical coupler. The head works on the reflection intensity basis. The reflected signal level depends on the Fresnel reflection from the air and from the mixture examined when the head is immersed in it. The sensor head is mounted on a lift. For detection purposes the signal can be measured on head submerging, submersion, emerging and emergence. Therefore, the measured signal depends on the surface tension, viscosity, turbidity and refraction coefficient of the solution. The signal coming from the head is processed electrically in an opto-electronic interface. Then it is fed to a neural network. The novelty of the proposed sensor lies in that it contains an asymmetrical coupler and a neural network that works in the generalization mode. The sensor resolution depends on the efficiency of the asymmetrical coupler, the precision of the opto-electronic signal conversion and the learning accuracy of the neural network. Therefore, the number and quality of the points used for the learning process is very important. By way of example, the paper describes a sensor intended for examining the concentration of liquid soap in water.

Borecki, Michal

2007-01-01

441

FUTURES with Jaime Escalante  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy awarded the Foundation for Advancements in Science and Education (FASE) $826,000 as support to produce the second set of FUTURES segments consisting of 12, 15-minute programs. The programs provide motivation for students to study math by connecting math to the work place and real-life problem scenarios. The programs are broadcast in 50 states through PBS Elementary and Secondary Service (E/SS). The grant term ended on December 16, 1993 and this final report documents program and financial activity results. The 12 episodes are titled: Animal Care, Meteorology, Mass Communication, Advanced Energy, Oceanography, Graphic Design, Future Habitats, Environmental Science & Technology, Fitness & Physical Performance, Interpersonal Communications, Advanced Transportation and Product Design. Each program addresses as many as ten careers or job types within the broader field named. Minority and gender-balanced role models appear throughout the programs.

NONE

1996-08-01

442

Some alternative design options and R&D works for ITER divertor in Russia  

SciTech Connect

From the very beginning of ITER reactor project the problem of divertor target development remains the most critical problem. Several alternative design options are under consideration. Possibility of using sulfur, having dielectrical properties, as a coolant of divertor target is considered. Different aspects of sulfur application such as: safety, corrosion, thermal hydraulic characteristics are analyzed. Experiment program and first results in this respect are briefly presented. The concept of easy replaceable radiatively cooled divertor bumper made on the base of heat-pipe is presented. Critical issues of heat pipes application in tokamak environment and testing program are discussed.

Mazul, I.V.; Prokoviev, Yu.G. [D.V. Efremov Inst., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

1994-12-31

443

Spoke cavity power coupler conceptual design work for the HEL-JTO beam exp.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report was to create a low-cost, modest-power RF coupler for a SRF spoke cavity beam test of electrons test to be done at LANL. Developing the design for this magnetically-coupled SRF spoke cavity testing coupler was basically straightforward since the cavity coupling port needed to be one of the 1.22-inch ID ports, and the power level was limited by the available RF to less than 400 W TW power. In addition, the coupler would be immersed in bath cryostat filled with liquid helium, and ultimately used in a pulsed mode to accelerate beam, thereby significantly relaxing the thermal loads on the coupler. Combining the above considerations with the level of resources available for this task, emphasis was placed on rapidly developing a robust, reliable design that would use commercially-available components as available to save design, engineering, and fabrication costs. Analysis was also kept to a minimum. As such, the design incorporates the following features: (1) Use of a commercially-available Type-N ceramic feedthrough. For the power and frequency range of the test, with the feedthrough immersed in LHe, it was felt the Type-N feedthrough would provide a robust, low-cost vacuum window solution. (2) The coupler outer conductors would be solid OFE copper that is brazed into two 2.75-inch CFF, with the cavity-sde flange being rotatable to allow minor Qx adjustments by rotating the coupler. The braze joint shown has the copper brazed into a groove in the SST to ensure maximum strength for successive thermal cyclings. The outer wall of the copper between the two flanges serves as the heat sink for depositing coupler heat to the liquid helium. (3) The inner conductor would be solid OFE copper brazed to the outer conductor at the top to ensure maximum thermal conductivity from the outer thermal sink area to the base of the feedthrough. A mass-reducing hole is placed down the center of the inner conductor to decrease thermal mass and weight. (4) This assembly would be mated to the Type-N feedthrough by pushing the pin from the feedthrough into a spring-loaded connector on the base of the inner conductor, then bolting the flanges together. (5) If the coupling needs to be greatly reduced, an additional 1/2-inch CFF can be inserted between the coupler and cavity flanges. Increasing the coupling can be done with a 3 stub tuner.

Rusnak, B

2007-10-09

444

Knee complaints and consequences on work status; a 10-year follow-up survey among floor layers and graphic designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to examine if knee complaints among floor layers predict exclusion from the trade. METHODS: In 1994\\/95 self-reported data were obtained from a cohort of floor layers and graphic designers with and without knee straining work activities, respectively. At follow-up in 2005 the questionnaire survey was repeated. The study population consisted of 81 floor

Søren Rytter; Lilli Kirkeskov Jensen; Jens Peter Bonde

2007-01-01

445

AC 2007-1208: TEACHING FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAY DESIGN (FPGA) TO FUTURE ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGISTS: COURSE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract FPGA-based re-programmable logic design became more attractive during the last decade, and the use of FPGA in digital logic design is increasing rapidly. The need for highly qualified FPGA designers is increasing at a fast rate. To respond to the industry needs of FPGA designers, universities are updating their curriculum with courses in FPGA logic design. As a result,

Nasser Alaraje; Joanne DeGroat; Aurenice Lima

2007-01-01

446

Dependence of the mechanical behavior of alloys on their electron work function—An alternative parameter for materials design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, we demonstrate that the electron work function (EWF) as an intrinsic parameter can provide information or clues in a simple or straightforward way for material design, modification, and development. A higher work function of a material represents a more stable electronic state, which consequently generates a higher resistance to any attempt of changing the electronic state and other corresponding states, e.g., changes in structure or microstructure caused by mechanical and electrochemical actions. Using Cu-Ni alloy as an example, we demonstrate the correlation between the EWF and Young's modulus of the material as well as its hardness. The properties of a material can be modified using elements with appropriate work functions. This is also applicable for tailoring inter-phase boundaries or interfaces.

Lu, Hao; Hua, Guomin; Li, Dongyang

2013-12-01

447

Dependence of the mechanical behavior of alloys on their electron work function—An alternative parameter for materials design  

SciTech Connect

In this article, we demonstrate that the electron work function (EWF) as an intrinsic parameter can provide information or clues in a simple or straightforward way for material design, modification, and development. A higher work function of a material represents a more stable electronic state, which consequently generates a higher resistance to any attempt of changing the electronic state and other corresponding states, e.g., changes in structure or microstructure caused by mechanical and electrochemical actions. Using Cu-Ni alloy as an example, we demonstrate the correlation between the EWF and Young's modulus of the material as well as its hardness. The properties of a material can be modified using elements with appropriate work functions. This is also applicable for tailoring inter-phase boundaries or interfaces.

Lu, Hao; Hua, Guomin; Li, Dongyang, E-mail: dongyang.li@ualberta.ca [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2V4 (Canada)] [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2V4 (Canada)

2013-12-23

448

Conceptualising future change in corporate sustainability reporting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conceptualise how future changes in corporate social disclosure (CSD), aimed at improving accountability for corporate performance to key stakeholder groups, might be brought about. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Drawing on the work of the Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises with respect to human (and organisational) action and the work of Leon Festinger and

Carol A. Adams; Glen Whelan

2009-01-01

449

Futures Week. Middle School Program. Instructor's Guidebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide outlines a model program designed to provide middle school students with an opportunity to participate in exploratory activities regarding the world of work and to understand the relationships between education and work. Described in the first part of the manual are the following futures week activities: a job interviewing…

Smith, Armenia

450

Using optimization and lean principles to design work cells and make capital purchase decisions for hole drilling operations in turbine airfoil manufacturing  

E-print Network

Classical manufacturing work cells have machines to perform each operation in the process, the number of each type of machine being chosen so that all machines would be equally busy. Although design of work cells for ...

Neal, Thomas E. (Thomas Eugene)

2006-01-01

451

Sharia Compatible Futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Sharia Compatible Future (SCF) is a contract that is designed to achieve the objectives of the conventional futures contract and to be in conformity with Islamic transaction restrictions, which means that the essence as well as the object of the contract must satisfy the Sharia code. This implies the prohibition of interest futures. Currency futures must observe the Islamic

ABDUL RAHIM AL-SAATI

2002-01-01

452

Aviation in the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Makes predications concerning future aerospace technology in the areas of supersonic transportation, aircraft design, airfreight, military aviation, hypersonic aircraft and in the much distant future sub-orbital, rocket propelled transports. (BR)

Kayten, Gerald G.

1974-01-01

453

Design and Fabrication of Composite Smart Structures with High Electric and Mechanical Performances for Future Mobile Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we have developed a load-bearing outer skin for antennas, which is termed a composite smart structure (CSS). The CSS is a multilayer composite sandwich structure in which antenna layers are inserted. A direct-feed stacked patch antenna is considered. A design procedure including the structure design, material selection, and design of antenna elements in order to obtain high

C. S. You; W. Hwang

2004-01-01

454

The role of structural dynamics in the design and operations of space systems: The history, the lessons, the technical challenges of the future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Structural dynamics and its auxiliary fields are the most progressive and challenging areas space system engineering design and operations face. Aerospace systems are dependent on structural dynamicists for their success. Past experiences (history) are colored with many dynamic issues, some producing ground or flight test failures. The innovation and creativity that was brought to these issues and problems are the aura from the past that lights the path to the future. Using this illumination to guide understanding of the dynamic phenomena and designing for its potential occurrence are the keys to successful space systems. Our great paradox, or challenge, is how we remain in depth specialists, yet become generalists to the degree that we make good team members and set the right priorities. This paper will deal with how we performed with acclaim in the past, the basic characteristics of structural dynamics (loads cycle, for example), and the challenges of the future.

Ryan, Robert S.

1994-01-01

455

How work context affects operating room processes: using data mining and computer simulation to analyze facility and process design.  

PubMed

The complexity of the operating room (OR) requires that both structural (eg, department layout) and behavioral (eg, staff interactions) patterns of work be considered when developing quality improvement strategies. In our study, we investigated how these contextual factors influence outpatient OR processes and the quality of care delivered. The study setting was a German university-affiliated hospital performing approximately 6000 outpatient surgeries annually. During the 3-year-study period, the hospital significantly changed its outpatient OR facility layout from a decentralized (ie, ORs in adjacent areas of the building) to a centralized (ie, ORs in immediate vicinity of each other) design. To study the impact of the facility change on OR processes, we used a mixed methods approach, including process analysis, process modeling, and social network analysis of staff interactions. The change in facility layout was seen to influence OR processes in ways that could substantially affect patient outcomes. For example, we found a potential for more errors during handovers in the new centralized design due to greater interdependency between tasks and staff. Utilization of the mixed methods approach in our analysis, as compared with that of a single assessment method, enabled a deeper understanding of the OR work context and its influence on outpatient OR processes. PMID:19851238

Baumgart, André; Denz, Christof; Bender, Hans-Joachim; Schleppers, Alexander

2009-01-01

456

Statement of work for sytem design and engineering of the spent nuclear fuel multi-cansiter overpack  

SciTech Connect

This Statement of Work (SOW) describes the work scope for the preparation of the Phase 2 (final) design for the Multiple Canister Overpack (MCO) equipment. The MCO is to be used as the radiological containment device for the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) assemblies, currently in wet storage in K East and West Basins, to be transported and stored in the Canister Storage Building (CSB) until final disposal facilities are made available. The engineering services contractor will be requested to provide reports, studies, analyses, engineering, drawings, specifications, estimates and schedules. The overall goal of this task order is to do the following: 1. Prepare a fabrication specification, ASME Code exception report, a packaging, shipping and warehouse plan, and detailed fabrication drawings of the MCO in accordance with the MCO Performance Specification (HNF-S-0426, Rev. 3) for procurement activities by the SNF MCO Subproject. 2. Establish and maintain a comment data base on the comments, resolutions, changes to the design of the MCO. 3. Support fabrication activities through the review of vendor fabrication drawings and shop test reports.

Smith, K.E., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-03-03

457

Designing Materials for the Language Lab of the Future: An Overview of the MIT Athena Language Learning Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details the current status, the future plans and the reasoning behind a five-year, campus-wide educational experiment for the integration of computers into the foreign language curriculum at MIT. The project is to use artificial intelligence in natural processing and to include interactive video and interactive audio components. (Author/SED)

Kramsch, Claire; And Others

1985-01-01

458

Planning for the future; towards a sustainable design and land use of an ancient flooded military defence line  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a time of increasing pressure and increasing demands on space a critical view is needed in order to preserve our cultural heritage. Mere preservation or restoration is not an approach that assures the survival of heritage in the future. In The Netherlands a new approach is being developed by which cultural heritage is integrated into physical planning and the

Jelier A. J. Vervloet; Jan-Hein Nijman; Arjan J. Somsen

2005-01-01

459

FutureGen Project Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the comprehensive siting, permitting, engineering, design, and costing activities completed by the FutureGen Industrial Alliance, the Department of Energy, and associated supporting subcontractors to develop a first of a kind near zero emissions integrated gasification combined cycle power plant and carbon capture and storage project (IGCC-CCS). With the goal to design, build, and reliably operate the first IGCC-CCS facility, FutureGen would have been the lowest emitting pulverized coal power plant in the world, while providing a timely and relevant basis for coal combustion power plants deploying carbon capture in the future. The content of this report summarizes key findings and results of applicable project evaluations; modeling, design, and engineering assessments; cost estimate reports; and schedule and risk mitigation from initiation of the FutureGen project through final flow sheet analyses including capital and operating reports completed under DOE award DE-FE0000587. This project report necessarily builds upon previously completed siting, design, and development work executed under DOE award DE-FC26- 06NT4207 which included the siting process; environmental permitting, compliance, and mitigation under the National Environmental Policy Act; and development of conceptual and design basis documentation for the FutureGen plant. For completeness, the report includes as attachments the siting and design basis documents, as well as the source documentation for the following: • Site evaluation and selection process and environmental characterization • Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permit Application including well design and subsurface modeling • FutureGen IGCC-CCS Design Basis Document • Process evaluations and technology selection via Illinois Clean Coal Review Board Technical Report • Process flow diagrams and heat/material balance for slurry-fed gasifier configuration • Process flow diagrams and heat/material balance for dry-fed gasifier configuration • Full capital cost report and cost category analysis (CAPEX) • Full operating cost report and assumptions (OPEX) Comparative technology evaluations, value engineering exercises, and initial air permitting activities are also provided; the report concludes with schedule, risk, and cost mitigation activities as well as lessons learned such that the products of this report can be used to support future investments in utility scale gasification and carbon capture and sequestration. Collectively, the FutureGen project enabled the comprehensive site specific evaluation and determination of the economic viability of IGCC-CCS. The project report is bound at that determination when DOE formally proposed the FutureGen 2.0 project which focuses on repowering a pulverized coal power plant with oxy-combustion technology including CCS.

Cabe, Jim; Elliott, Mike

2010-09-30

460

Architecture Studio Archive: A Case Study in the Comprehensive Digital Capture and Repository of Student Design Work as an Aid to Teaching, Research, and Accreditation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Architecture Studio Archive" pilot sought to form a comprehensive digital archive of the diverse student work conducted in the first year of the Bachelor of Design in Architecture Degree at the University of Sydney. The design studio is the primary vehicle for teaching architectural design. It is a locus for creative activity, with students…

Anderson, Ross; Arndell, Michael; Christensen, Sten

2009-01-01

461

A review of performance characteristics of satellite antennas and some observations on future directions in satellite antenna design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general review of the state-of-the-art and new directions in research and development of spacecraft antennas is presented. Three general classes of antennas are discussed: phased arrays, lenses (dielectric and waveguide), and reflector antennas. Presently, the antenna with most applications is the reflector with considerable research being performed to improve its scan and multiple beam characteristics. Future applications for spacecraft antennas and research goals to meet these projected needs also are discussed.

Mittra, R.; Galindo-Israel, V.; Bathker, D. A.; Moule, W. N.

1977-01-01

462

Scientific motivations and technical design considerations for future high-energy gamma-ray telescopes in light of lessons learned from the Fermi Large Area Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five years into the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) mission we have learned a great deal about the ?-ray sky, yet many open questions remain, and many new puzzles have arisen. In this contribution we will consider the science drivers for a variety of topics in high-energy gamma-ray astronomy, and how these drivers map into design considerations for future gamma-ray instruments in the energy range above 5 MeV. Specifically, we take the performance parameters and data set of the Large Area Telescope on the Fermi observatory (Fermi-LAT) as a baseline, and consider the scientific questions that could be probed by improving those parameters. We will also discuss the current state of detector technologies used in space-based ?-ray telescopes and discuss the magnitude of advances that would be required to make a future Fermi-like mission transformational enough to warrant the cost and effort. These summaries are intended to be useful for selecting technologies and making basic design decisions for future ?-ray telescopes.

Charles, Eric

2014-07-01

463

The robotic fac?ade : a design solution for energy conservation in the CityHome of the future  

E-print Network

This project outlines a design for a fac?ade product that can potentially be used to simplify both the construction and operation of an apartment in an urban setting. Additionally, this fagade module has been conceptualized ...

Lonergan, Ronan (Ronan Patrick)

2011-01-01

464

"Doesn't Everyone Want That? It's Just a Given": Swedish Emerging Adults' Expectations on Future Parenthood and Work/Family Priorities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated Swedish emerging adults' expectations on future parenthood through interviews with 124 Swedish emerging adults who were not yet parents. Thematic analysis showed that most participants were sure they wanted to become parents, but not right now. First, they wanted a stable financial situation, a romantic relationship,…

Frisén, Ann; Carlsson, Johanna; Wängqvist, Maria

2014-01-01

465

High School Seniors' Preferences for Sharing Work and Family Responsibilities between Husband and Wife. Monitoring the Future. Occasional Paper Series, Paper 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to describe in detail adolescents' preferences for the division of labor between husband and wife, including the flexibility inherent in the various alternatives, to assess changes in these preferences over recent years, and to explore potential correlates, data from the Monitoring the Future Survey, a large annual survey of high school…

Herzog, A. Regula; And Others

466

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Stamford Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Stamford Public Schools (SPS). The purpose was to closely analyze district capacity to support system-wide…

Fink, Ryan; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

467

Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan for Operable Units 6-05 and 10-04, Phase III  

SciTech Connect

The remedial design/remedial action for Operable Unit 6-05 (Waste Area Group 6) and Operable Unit 10-04 (Waste Area Group 10) - collectively called Operable Unit 10-04 has been divided into four phases. Phase I consists of developing and implementing institutional controls at Operable Unit 10-04 sites and developing and implementing Idaho National Laboratory-wide plans for both institutional controls and ecological monitoring. Phase II will remediate sites contaminated with trinitrotoluene and Royal Demolition Explosive. Phase III will remediate lead contamination at a gun range, and Phase IV will remediate hazards from unexploded ordnance. This Phase III remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan addresses the remediation of lead-contaminated soils found at the Security Training Facility (STF)-02 Gun Range located at the Idaho National Laboratory. Remediation of the STF-02 Gun Range will include excavating contaminated soils; physically separating copper and lead for recycling; returning separated soils below the remediation goal to the site; stabilizing contaminated soils, as required, and disposing of the separated soils that exceed the remediation goal; encapsulating and disposing of creosote-contaminated railroad ties and power poles; removing and disposing of the wooden building and asphalt pads found at the STF-02 Gun Range; sampling and analyzing soil to determine the excavation requirements; and when the remediation goals have been met, backfilling and contouring excavated areas and revegetating the affected area.

R. P. Wells

2006-09-19

468

Reducing travel by design: a micro analysis of new household location and the commute to work in Surrey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traffic volumes (and hence energy consumption) from the transport sector continue to rise, yet the potential fundamental role of urban planning in helping to reduce transport energy consumption remains to be poorly understood and hugely underplayed. Current urban planning practice, particularly in suburban areas, tends to increase traffic volumes by dispersing activities and hence facilitates private car travel rather than travel by public transport, walking or cycling. Public transport orientated development as an evolving practice tends to be focused very much on urban areas. This thesis seeks to understand the logic behind travel and suggests that urban planning can be applied more fully, at the strategic and local levels, to reduce energy consumption in car use (at least in the journey to work). The detailed analysis assesses the extent to which the design of the urban environment affects travel behaviour. The research hypothesis is that: "Journey to work travel behaviour generated by new residential development is dependent on a number of land use and socio-economic variables. The strength, significance and range of interaction vary spatially and over time." Within the analysis, the journey to work is used as the dependent variable, and is measured in terms of journey length and time, mode share and composite energy consumption. The independent variables considered include: Land use: resident population density, resident employment density, workplace population density, workplace employment density, resident population size, workplace population size, distance from urban centres and strategic transport networks, jobs-housing balance, resident classification (relative to the urban area), type of journey to work, neighbourhood streetscape design, public transport accessibility, and resident location (relative to the green belt). Socio-economic: household tenure, house type, house size, number of children, car availability, company car ownership, household income, house value, respondent sex, respondent age, marital status, occupation, qualification, attitude to travel, attitude to home and home location, reason for moving home and choosing new home location, relative levels of mobility, and dual income households. The methodological approach is to systematically examine the study hypothesis and a series of related research questions using data from the county of Surrey, UK. The empirical analysis is based on two new household occupier surveys carried out in 1998 and 2001, together with additional, complementary data taken from local authority datasets and the Census 2001. The thesis's particular originality is in providing: An examination of the complexity of the land use and transport interaction field, using energy consumption as the dependent variable and an estimation of the strength and significance of a wide range of land use and socio-economic variables - both previously researched and under researched variables A segmentation of respondents into different groups, such as stayers, inmovers and outmovers, showing the different manifestation of the land use and transport relationship for different groups within society A systematic tracking of the impact of time on the land use and transport relationship, with temporality and adaptation (including "co-location" effects) noted as critical features in travel behaviour, with the analysis controlling for potential attrition factors Analysis of a seldom-studied London fringe/suburban county such as Surrey - much previous work is concentrated on the city or other urban areas. The key findings and recommendations are that each land use, socio-economic and attitudinal variable, when considered on its own or even in small groupings, offers limited explanatory power in explaining travel behaviour. When a number of variables are brought together, including some variables not usually considered in the literature, the explanatory power of the modelling begins to work. Linear regression analysis shows that the land use and socio-economic variables, when con

Hickman, Robin

469

How to use programme theory to evaluate the effectiveness of schemes designed to improve the work environment in small businesses.  

PubMed

Due to the many constraints that small businesses (SBs) face in meeting legislative requirements, occupational health and safety (OHS) regulatory authorities and other OSH actors have developed programmes which can reach out to SBs and motivate and assist them in improving the work environment. A number of conceptual models help to enhance our understanding of OHS interventions in SBs and their effectiveness. However, they have mainly been evaluated on output rather than the process relating to the change theory underlying the intervention, and hence have seldom been rigorously evaluated. Thus little is known about how particular features of SBs can be taken into account when designing and implementing national programmes. This paper shows how realist analysis and programme theory may be used as a framework for evaluating, developing and improving national intervention programmes for the improvement of the work environment and reducing injuries in SBs. It illustrates this for a specific New Zealand intervention: the Workplace Safety Discount scheme and its implementation in the agriculture sector. In practice, realist analysis should be performed during the planning, implementation and management stages so that ongoing findings can be fed back to the participant social actors to help them make appropriate changes to enhance the likelihood of success. PMID:22317740

Olsen, Kirsten; Legg, Stephen; Hasle, Peter

2012-01-01

470

STUDY ON THE REDUCTION MEASURES OF ENVIRONMENTAL LOADS AT THE DESIGNING AND CONSTRUCTION STAGES OF THE RIVER WORKS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the field of infrastructure construction including river works, construction materials such as concrete are used, and it needs to transport them for the long distance. Due to recent growth of public awareness on the environmental issues, it becomes more important to estimate and reduce the environmental loads brought by the infrastructure construction. In the infrastructure construction, it is necessary to take notice of carbon dioxide and waste materials as the broad-based and long-range environmental loads. On the other hand, it is necessary to conduct the quantitative evaluation on these environmental loads and to investigate the reduction measures by considering the actual situation of construction. Focusing on the river works, this paper estimates the cost of construction, the carbon dioxide emission and final disposal volume on the several alternative plans at the designing stage, compares the significance of different environmental loads by using the integrated factors of LIME2, and analyzes the effectiveness of reduction measures. It also establishes the reduction scenarios of the environmental loads, and analyzes the effectiveness compared to the base-line scenario in which the materials are newly extracted and produced. Based on the results, it establishes the procedure intending to reduce the environmental loads at the time of river planning and construction, which will be referentialized by river managers, construction consultants and constructors nationwide.

Ikeda, Tetsuya; Amano, Kunihiko; Kishida, Hiroyuki

471

Unnatural amino acid incorporation in E. coli: current and future applications in the design of therapeutic proteins.  

PubMed

Unnatural amino acid (UAA) incorporation by amber codon suppression offers scientists a powerful tool to modify the properties of proteins at will. UAA incorporation has been used for a plethora of fundamental research applications and, more recently, also for the selective modification of therapeutic proteins. In this review most recent developments in Escherichia coli codon expansion and, unnatural amino acid incorporation are discussed together with some remarkable recent developments in improved efficient UAA incorporation. We focus on the generation of proteins that hold promise for future therapeutic applications that would be impossible to obtain without unnatural amino acid incorporation, including the generation of bi-specific antibodies and antibody drug conjugates. PMID:24790983

Wals, Kim; Ovaa, Huib

2014-01-01

472

"Don't let others design your future", new CMA president tells physicians. Interview by Nancy Robb.  

PubMed Central

Dr. Judith Kazimirski of Nova Scotia becomes the CMA's 126th president during the association's annual meeting in Sydney, NS, this month. She says her priority for the next year is to help the CMA play a lead role as the debate intensifies about the future of health and health care in Canada. "The time is right for a very public debate about what people want their system to be, what problems they're having, and how reform is moving ahead," she says, "and physicians have a critical leadership role to play." Images p452-a PMID:8801012

Kazimirski, J

1996-01-01

473

FUTURE LOGISTICS LIVING LABORATORY  

E-print Network

logistics operations and secondary services in the area of insurance, customs and carbon footprint trackingFUTURE LOGISTICS LIVING LABORATORY Delivering Innovation The Future Logistics Living Lab that will provide logistics solutions for the future. The Living Lab is a demonstration, exhibition and work space

Heiser, Gernot

474

The contribution of ergonomics to risk analysis in the design process: the case of a future control room.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to highlight how ergonomics contributes to risk analysis and risk management in a design project for a new reactor, the French EPR (European Pressurized Reactor). An iterative ergonomics design process has been conducted over the last 10 years through a Human Factors Engineering program at the French energy company EDF. A parallel has been drawn between a risk management process and this ergonomics process based on International Organization for Standardization (ISO) publications such as ISO/IEC Guide 73, ISO Guide 51, etc. The contribution of ergonomics to risk analysis is illustrated by an example: the automatic diagnosis, which is a very important technical device for safety. Five main types of risk have been identified via ergonomic analyses during the different design stages. Counter-measures have been implemented and their efficacy tested within the scope of new campaigns to assess human factors. However, the management of risks in such a design project requires the participation both of the different design entities involved in the project and of other experts in aspects of risk management, such as human reliability. The organization of collaborative participation remains a challenge to be addressed. PMID:22316808

De la Garza, Cecilia; Labarthe, Jean-Paul; Graglia, Louis

2012-01-01

475

The Italian contribution to the design study of the European Solar Telescope EST: current status and future steps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EST (European Solar Telescope) is a 4-m class telescope, four times larger than any existing high resolution solar telescope. It is designated with the highest priority among the ground-based, medium term (2016-2020) new projects in the ASTRONET Roadmap (Panel C). The EST will be equipped with a suite of instruments to perform spectropolarimetric and imaging observations at high spatial and temporal resolution in the range UV-NIR. The conceptual design study, which has been funded from EU in the framework of FP7, started on February 2008. We summarize the Italian participation to the EST project, which includes detailed design of various subsystems affecting the opto-mechanical structure, the suite of post-focus instruments, the data handling, and the control system.

Zuccarello, F.; EST Team

476

THE INCLUSION OF WORK IN THE PREPARATION OF A-V MATERIALS IN THE TRAINING OF FUTURE EDUCATIONAL MEDIA OR A-V SPECIALISTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE THAT EDUCATIONAL MEDIA DESIGNERS BE PREPARED FOR A CAREER IN FORMAL EDUCATION TO THE EXCLUSION OF OTHER FIELDS CURRENTLY CLAMORING FOR SUCH SPECIALISTS. THE PROPOSED CURRICULUM ALREADY SUFFERS FROM THE ATTEMPT TO INCLUDE TOO MUCH CONTENT. THE CURRICULUM COULD BE ADAPTED TO PREPARE MEDIA DESIGNERS FOR CAREERS IN INDUSTRY BY…

FLEMING, MALCOLM

477

Prevalence of client violence against social work students and its effects on fear of future violence, occupational commitment, and career withdrawal intentions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work literature has documented that social workers may be the victims of client violence. However, to date, no studies have documented the nationwide prevalence of client violence towards social work students. This study examined direct and indirect incidents of physical assault, threats of physical harm, verbal abuse, threats of lawsuit, and property damage. The randomly selected national sample of

Pamela Myatt Criss

2009-01-01

478

Prevalence of Client Violence against Social Work Students and Its Effects on Fear of Future Violence, Occupational Commitment, and Career Withdrawal Intentions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work literature has documented that social workers may be the victims of client violence. However, to date, no studies have documented the nationwide prevalence of client violence towards social work students. This study examined direct and indirect incidents of physical assault, threats of physical harm, verbal abuse, threats of lawsuit,…

Criss, Pamela Myatt

2009-01-01

479

When I'm 64: Psychological contract breach, work motivation and the moderating roles of future time perspective and regulatory focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increasing need for managers to understand what motivates younger versus older workers to continue work within their company. We believe that this two-wave study among 90 Dutch employees is the first to examine: (1) the cross-lagged relationships between breach of psychological contract (which includes transactional and relational obligations) and intrinsic work motivation, and (2) the moderating role

Annet H. de Lange; P. Matthijs Bal; Beatrice I. J. M. Van der Heijden; Nicole de Jong; Wilmar B. Schaufeli

2011-01-01

480

Lessons Learned from the San Diego Urban Systemic Project (USP): Implications for Funders and Future Project Designers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief draws upon the five-year evaluation study of the San Diego Urban Systemic Project (USP) that Inverness Research Associates conducted from 2001 to 2006. The intended audiences for this brief are those interested in investing in, supporting, or designing initiatives that aim to improve math and science education in large urban districts.…

St. John, Mark; Heenan, Barbara; Helms, Jenifer

2007-01-01

481

Art in a new light: Design and assessment of illuminants to reduce photochemical degradation of works of art  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research is to design the best lighting that will minimize long term photochemical degradation of Old Master Drawings and/or other works of art, while maintaining the patron's appreciation of the object's color and detail. The present approach is a technological refinement to the basic underlying earlier work on fluorescent lighting by W. A. Thornton, W.A. at General Electric1. Thin-film dielectric, multi-coating technology is used to create filters that eliminate ultraviolet light, near infrared light and significant unnecessary parts from the visible spectrum, thus maximizing the reduction in photochemical degradation, while maintaining optimal color rendering. Three interference filters, were designed and manufactured successfully. The filters are designated Mark 1, Mark 2, & Mark 3. In this dissertation, the filters are analyzed with regard to their performance parameters. This includes color rendering, retardation in fading or color change, beam angle effects, filter stability, perceived brightness, and visual appreciation parameters. To a high confidence level, all three filters are perceived as being indistinguishable from Unfiltered light with regard to the color confusion index parameter (CCI). Subjective assessments by tests subjects suggest the Mark 3 filter may display some distinguishability with a confidence level for distinguishability of 35% for the overall satisfaction parameter. The Mark 3 filter is the most complex three-color type spectral profile and this might be expected due to beam angle effects or departures in accuracy of color theory. Beam angle affects suggest that the Mark 1 and Mark 2 filters do not display significant color rendering aberrations due to Newton's colors interference effects, except possibly at the periphery of the broadest (55-60+°) beam angle lamps. Filtered and Unfiltered light are effectively of the same perceived brightness, though to a low confidence level, Unfiltered light might be perceived brighter. Accelerated aging studies of the filters indicate useful mean time before failures of >20 years. In fact, no failure was observed in any of the accelerated studies, The Mark 2 and Mark 3 filters were evaluated in equal-luminosity studies with regard to their effect on limiting fading of both standard fading samples such as the ISO Blue Wool series, and also other commercial pigments or stains. Within experimental error, the Mark 2 filter either slowed fading or had no effect on fading for all pigments relative to Unfiltered light and OptivexRTM filtered light, OptivexRTM being a common commercial filter used to protect