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1

Future includes more earth sheltering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earth sheltering is becoming an accepted alternative among consumers, contracters, designers, lenders and many others. If trends continue, it will be included in half the new construction in the next 20 years.

Vadnais

1981-01-01

2

Black Holes at Future Colliders and Beyond: a Topical Review  

E-print Network

One of the most dramatic consequences of low-scale (~1 TeV) quantum gravity in models with large or warped extra dimension(s) is copious production of mini black holes at future colliders and in ultra-high-energy cosmic ray collisions. Hawking radiation of these black holes is expected to be constrained mainly to our three-dimensional world and results in rich phenomenology. In this topical review we discuss the current status of astrophysical observations of black holes and selected aspects of mini black hole phenomenology, such as production at colliders and in cosmic rays, black hole decay properties, Hawking radiation as a sensitive probe of the dimensionality of extra space, as well as an exciting possibility of finding new physics in the decays of black holes.

Greg Landsberg

2006-07-26

3

Topical Treatment in Acne: Current Status and Future Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last 20 years, the number of topical and systemic drugs for the treatment of acne vulgaris has been enriched. Topical drugs on the one hand have been newly discovered or further developments of already available agents such as in the group of retinoids or galenic formulation have improved efficacy or local tolerance. Topical retinoids are a mainstay in

Harald P. M. Gollnick; Andrea Krautheim

2003-01-01

4

Future of Water Use in Agriculture Topic of Fourth Annual Water Law, Policy and  

E-print Network

Future of Water Use in Agriculture Topic of Fourth Annual Water Law, Policy and Science Conference LINCOLN, Neb. - "The Future of Water Use in Agriculture" covers topics from economics and policy of Nebraska-Lincoln. UNL's fourth annual Water Law, Policy and Science conference is Monday and Tuesday, March

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

5

Selecting Research Topics: Personal Experiences and Speculations For the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the rapidly changing field of information systems, every researcher faces important choices about what research topics to explore and how to pursue that research. This paper addresses these questions by summarizing a panel discussion at the 2001 Decision Sciences Institute (DSI) annual meeting. The first part of this paper provides a framework explaining factors that can be used in

Steven Alter; Alan R. Dennis

2002-01-01

6

Cornell's Center for a Sustainable Future Topical Luncheon  

E-print Network

partnership between the National Science Foundation, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the BREAD potential foundation funding opportunities, including the recent announcement (May 2009) by the Gates

Angenent, Lars T.

7

Prediction of future well performance, including reservoir depletion effects  

SciTech Connect

In the past, the reservoir material balance (voidage) effects occurring between the end of the measured (known) production history and future Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR) time levels have been commonly ignored in the computation of the future IPR behavior. Neglecting the reservoir voidage that occurs during the time interval between the end of the known production history and the future IPR time levels results in erroneous estimates of the future IPR behavior. A detailed description is given of the mathematically rigorous technique that has been used in the development of a multilayer well performance simulator that properly accounts for the reservoir voidage effects. Some of the more significant results are also presented of an extensive effort to develop an accurate and computationally efficient well performance simulation model. The reservoir can be considered to be multilayered, with mixed reservoir layer completion types and outer boundary shapes, drainage areas and boundary conditions. The well performance model can be used to simulate performance in three different operating modes: (1) constant wellhead rate, (2) constant bottomhole pressure, and (3) constant wellhead pressure. The transient performance of vertical, vertically fractured and horizontal wells can be simulated with this well performance model. The well performance model uses mathematically rigorous transient solutions and not simply the approximate solutions for each of the well types, as do most of the other commercially available well performance models.

Poe, B.D. Jr.; Elbel, J.L.; Spath, J.B.; Wiggins, M.L.

1995-12-31

8

Successful Fiber Sensing Technologies and Hot Topics for the Near Future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inside the Photonics field Optical Fiber Sensors (OFS) are currently being used and will still be used in the future in a wide number of applications because its properties present technical advantages over traditional techniques or, sometimes, is practically the only feasible solution. In this paper, the more successful techniques will be reviewed. Then a prospective for the near future of the market and hot topics in which invest research resources will be suggested.

López-Higuera, J. M.; Cobo, A.; Conde, Olga; Lomer, M.; Madruga, F.; Quintela, M. A.; Quintela, A.; Mirapeix, J.

2008-10-01

9

Reliability based design including future tests and multiagent approaches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The initial stages of reliability-based design optimization involve the formulation of objective functions and constraints, and building a model to estimate the reliability of the design with quantified uncertainties. However, even experienced hands often overlook important objective functions and constraints that affect the design. In addition, uncertainty reduction measures, such as tests and redesign, are often not considered in reliability calculations during the initial stages. This research considers two areas that concern the design of engineering systems: 1) the trade-off of the effect of a test and post-test redesign on reliability and cost and 2) the search for multiple candidate designs as insurance against unforeseen faults in some designs. In this research, a methodology was developed to estimate the effect of a single future test and post-test redesign on reliability and cost. The methodology uses assumed distributions of computational and experimental errors with re-design rules to simulate alternative future test and redesign outcomes to form a probabilistic estimate of the reliability and cost for a given design. Further, it was explored how modeling a future test and redesign provides a company an opportunity to balance development costs versus performance by simultaneously designing the design and the post-test redesign rules during the initial design stage. The second area of this research considers the use of dynamic local surrogates, or surrogate-based agents, to locate multiple candidate designs. Surrogate-based global optimization algorithms often require search in multiple candidate regions of design space, expending most of the computation needed to define multiple alternate designs. Thus, focusing on solely locating the best design may be wasteful. We extended adaptive sampling surrogate techniques to locate multiple optima by building local surrogates in sub-regions of the design space to identify optima. The efficiency of this method was studied, and the method was compared to other surrogate-based optimization methods that aim to locate the global optimum using two two-dimensional test functions, a six-dimensional test function, and a five-dimensional engineering example.

Villanueva, Diane

10

2014 Oral Topics Note: A summary of the oral competition is included on the next page.  

E-print Network

Resource: Geometric Probability, NCTM New Topics for Secondary School Mathematics Series booklet The ICTM state math contest has received copyright permission from NCTM for this to be used ONLY by participants of NCTM permissions and use the material only for this purpose. Regionals: Primary Reference (COMAP module

Bashir, Rashid

11

Topics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes short discussion of perimeters of regular polygons having fixed areas, Fibonacci numbers, triangle transformations, transformational matrices, round-off errors, and a mathematical model for musical keys. (RS)

Mathematics Teaching, 1970

1970-01-01

12

Description of Workshop Series for Precollege Teachers on Women and Gender, Including Topics Covered, Readings Used, and Sample Handouts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2-year curriculum transformation project for 12 humanities teachers from seven independent schools sought to help pre-college teachers integrate new information and insights based on women's studies and gender scholarship into their teaching. Topics covered during the workshops included the history of concern with women and gender; engenderment…

Chapman, Anne

13

Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future topical lunch summary: TITLE: James Balog, filmmaker and photographer of "Chasing Ice"  

E-print Network

Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future topical lunch summary: TITLE: James Balog, filmmaker Atkinson. Attendees: Last Name First Name NetID or email Dept (if known) College (If known) Atkinson David David dd355 Greene Chuck chg2 EAS Harvell Drew cdh5 ACSF Hess Peter pgh25 BEE CALS Hoffmann Michael mph3

Angenent, Lars T.

14

REVIEWS OF TOPICAL PROBLEMS: Astrophysical aspects of cosmic-ray research (first 75 years and outlook for the future)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

(Invited talk at the 20th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Moscow, 2-15 August 1987) The basic topics discussed here are the primary cosmic rays near the earth, cosmic rays in the universe, the origin of cosmic rays, a galactic model with a halo, and some prospects for future research.

Ginzburg, Vitalii L.

1988-06-01

15

Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future topical lunch summary Title: "The Future of Fracking: Transparency, Waste Production and Disposal, Regional  

E-print Network

Hall ­ 12:15 ­ 1:30pm The Topical Lunch with Tom Wilber and Seamus McGraw focused on Shale Gas discussed the history of Albany's relationship to the shale gas development story, and said he did not think in the discussion of shale gas exploration and social impacts. Attendees: Last Name First Name NetID or email Dept

Angenent, Lars T.

16

3/5/2014 Micro-Windmill Technology: Future Uses Include Recharging Your Smartphone | Philippine Latest News http://philsense.com/2014/01/11/micro-windmill-technology-future-uses-include-recharging-your-smartphone/ 1/6  

E-print Network

3/5/2014 Micro-Windmill Technology: Future Uses Include Recharging Your Smartphone | Philippine Latest News http://philsense.com/2014/01/11/micro-windmill-technology-future-uses-include-recharging-your-smartphone Micro-Windmill Technology: Future Uses Include Recharging Your Smartphone Your ads w ill be inserted

Chiao, Jung-Chih

17

Plutonium Futures -- The Science. Topical Conference on Plutonium and Actinides. AIP Conference Proceedings, No. 532 [APCPCS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presentations at this conference covered the topics of materials science\\/nuclear fuels, condensed matter physics, actinides in the environment\\/separation and analysis, actinides\\/processing, actinides\\/TRU wastes, materials science, TRU waste forms, nuclear fuels\\/isotopes, separations and process chemistry, actinides in the environment, detection and analysis, Pu and Pu compounds, actinide compounds and complexes.

K. K. S. Pillay; K. C. Kim

2000-01-01

18

In the Swalla Lab, we conduct research on several topics including the biodiversity of marine invertebrates. This consists of cataloging different marine species and making our findings known  

E-print Network

slits at some life stage, a dorsal neural tube, and a post-anal tail (Figure 2). They live buriedIn the Swalla Lab, we conduct research on several topics including the biodiversity of marine). They are notoriously difficult to find, even if you have a known location for them (Figure 1). Their larval stage

Carrington, Emily

19

REVIEWS OF TOPICAL PROBLEMS: Experimental tests of general relativity: recent progress and future directions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Einstein's general theory of relativity is the standard theory of gravity, especially where the needs of astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology, and fundamental physics are concerned. As such, this theory is used for many practical purposes involving spacecraft navigation, geodesy, and time transfer. We review the foundations of general relativity, discuss recent progress in tests of relativistic gravity, and present motivations for the new generation of high-accuracy tests of new physics beyond general relativity. Space-based experiments in fundamental physics are presently capable of uniquely addressing important questions related to the fundamental laws of nature. We discuss the advances in our understanding of fundamental physics that are anticipated in the near future and evaluate the discovery potential of a number of recently proposed space-based gravitational experiments.

Turyshev, S. G.

2009-01-01

20

Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future TOPICAL LUNCH Title: EPA's National Environmental Education Program  

E-print Network

to address the question: How is environmental education changing in a world where the majority of people, partners include the North American Association for Environmental Education, Association of Zoos

Angenent, Lars T.

21

Physics Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site contains in-depth notes with examples and practice problems for several topics in introductory physics and astronomy. Some of these topics include classical mechanics, geometric optics, celestial mechanics, and stellar atmospheres; the heat and thermodynamics section has been removed. All of the topics may be downloaded for use as pdf documents offline.

Tatum, Jeremy B.

2008-05-16

22

Symbionts, including pathogens, of the predatory mite Metaseiulus occidentalis: current and future analysis methods.  

PubMed

Metaseiulus (= Typhlodromus or Galendromus) occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is an effective natural enemy of pest mites in a variety of crops around the world, although it is considered to be endemic in the western USA. A broad understanding of much of its biology, ecology, behavior, and genetics has been obtained over the past 60 years, but the role(s) symbionts play, which includes pathogens and other microorganisms, remains to be resolved fully. Until molecular tools became available, analysis methods were limited primarily to microscopic observations; some viruses and rickettsia-like organisms were observed infecting 'diseased' M. occidentalis, but it is not clear which one(s) was the causal agent(s) of the disease(s). Subsequent to the development of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and genome sequencing, we identified putative gut symbionts and reproductive tract symbionts in M. occidentalis, as well as a microsporidian pathogen. A new phylogenetic analysis of the Bacteroidetes-Flavobacterium group suggests the unnamed Bacteroidetes in M. occidentalis is associated with the digestive tract. However, much of our current information about the role these microorganisms play in the biology of M. occidentalis is based on correlation, lacking the strength of fulfilling Koch's postulates. We also currently lack any knowledge of the importance of these microorganisms under field conditions. In the future, it should be possible to learn what role(s) these organisms play in the biology of this important predator using metagenomics approaches to analyze the transcriptome and to determine their relative abundance within their hosts with the quantitative PCR. We have just begun to resolve these relationships. PMID:18696231

Hoy, Marjorie A; Jeyaprakash, A

2008-12-01

23

43 CFR 3509.17 - What information must I include in my application for a future interest lease?  

...MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING OF SOLID MINERALS OTHER THAN COAL AND OIL SHALE Fractional and Future Interest Lease Applications § 3509.17 What information must I include in my...

2014-10-01

24

43 CFR 3509.17 - What information must I include in my application for a future interest lease?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING OF SOLID MINERALS OTHER THAN COAL AND OIL SHALE Fractional and Future Interest Lease Applications § 3509.17 What information must I include in my...

2011-10-01

25

Key Factors in Planning a Sustainable Energy Future Including Hydrogen and Fuel Cells  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, a number of future energy visions, especially those basing the energy systems on hydrogen, are discussed. Some often missing comparisons between alternatives, from a sustainability perspective, are identified and then performed for energy storage, energy transportation, and energy use in vehicles. It is shown that it is important…

Hedstrom, Lars; Saxe, Maria; Folkesson, Anders; Wallmark, Cecilia; Haraldsson, Kristina; Bryngelsson, Marten; Alvfors, Per

2006-01-01

26

Key Factors in Planning a Sustainable Energy Future Including Hydrogen and Fuel Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, a number of future energy visions, especially those basing the energy systems on hydrogen, are discussed. Some often missing comparisons between alternatives, from a sustainability perspective, are identified and then performed for energy storage, energy transportation, and energy use in vehicles. It is shown that it is important to be aware of the losses implied by production,

Lars Hedström; Maria Saxe; Anders Folkesson; Cecilia Wallmark; Kristina Haraldsson; Mårten Bryngelsson; Per Alvfors

2006-01-01

27

Do the Future Plans of Educated Black Women Include Black Mates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the future plans of black, undergraduate females about their education, careers, marriage, dating, and choice of marriage partners. Responses from 70 undergraduates attending an urban university reveal that four-fifths plan postgraduate study, 90% hope for a career, and 15% percent chose to remain single. Reasons for remaining single and…

Porter, Margaret M.; Bronzaft, Arline L.

1995-01-01

28

Salmonella as a biological "Trojan horse" for neoplasia: future possibilities including brain cancer.  

PubMed

This manuscript considers available evidence that a specific Salmonella strain could be used as an effective orally-administered option for cancer therapy involving the brain. It has been established that Salmonella preferentially colonizes neoplastic tissue and thrives as a facultative anaerobe in the intra-tumor environment. Although Salmonella accumulates in tumors by passive processes, it is still possible for lipopolysaccharide to cause sepsis and endotoxic shock during the migration of bacteria to the tumor site. An LPS-free version of a recently identified Salmonella isolate may have the capability to circumvent the blood brain barrier and provide a safer method of reaching brain tumors. This isolate merits further research as a "Trojan horse" for future oral biotherapy of brain cancer. PMID:24986645

Mlynarczyk, Gregory S A; Berg, Carrie A; Withrock, Isabelle C; Fick, Meghan E; Anderson, Stephen J; Laboissonniere, Lauren A; Jefferson, Matthew A; Brewer, Matthew T; Stock, Matthew L; Lange, Jennifer K; Luna, K C; Acharya, Sreemoyee; Kanuri, Sriharsha; Sharma, Shaunik; Kondru, Naveen C; McCormack, Garrett R; Carlson, Steve A

2014-09-01

29

Depressive Symptoms, Including Lack of Future Orientation, as Mediators in the Relationship between Adverse Life Events and Delinquent Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study provided a cross-sectional examination of associations among adverse life events, depressive symptoms, and delinquency in a community sample of 123 early adolescent boys and girls. We also examined whether depressive cognitions, including hopelessness, differentially mediated the relations between exposure to adverse events and delinquent behaviors. Depressive cognitions, especially lack of future orientation, were associated with delinquent behaviors

Maureen A. Allwood; Carly Baetz; Sarah DeMarco; Debora J. Bell

2012-01-01

30

1077-2626/13/$31.00 2013 IEEE Published by the IEEE Computer Society Accepted for publication by IEEE. 2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, includ  

E-print Network

for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/ republishing this material refine topic keyword weights. The document viewer highlights the representative keywords from each topic corpus, has been gain- ing popularity in both the fields of data mining/machine learning and visual

Park, Haesun

31

Topical Therapies for Pruritus  

PubMed Central

Itch, or pruritus, is the predominant symptom associated with acute and chronic cutaneous disease and in some cases, may be debilitating. To date, there is no single universally effective anti-itch treatment. As the pathophysiology of itch in most cutaneous or systemic disorders remains unclear, anti-pruritic therapy is often directed against a variety of targets, including the epidermal barrier, immune system, or the nervous system. Topical therapy is the mainstay of dermatologic management of acute or localized itch or in patients with contraindications to systemic therapies. This review will summarize current topical therapies to treat pruritus and discuss potential future therapies. PMID:21767774

Elmariah, Sarina B.; Lerner, Ethan A.

2011-01-01

32

Illustrating the impact of including future costs in economic evaluations: an application to end-stage renal disease care  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are strong theoretical arguments for including future costs for related and unrelated medical care and non-medical expenditures within economic evaluations. Nevertheless, there is limited data on how inclusion of such costs affects the cost effectiveness of medical interventions in practice. For a low-cost intervention that improves survival in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, we sought to determine how the

Braden Manns; David Meltzer; Ken Taub; Cam Donaldson

2003-01-01

33

Microdialysis Sampling for Investigations of Bioavailability and Bioequivalence of Topically Administered Drugs: Current State and Future Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microdialysis (MD) in the skin is a unique technique for in vivo sampling of topically as well as systemically administered drugs at the site of action, e.g. sampling the unbound tissue concentrations in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. MD as a research method has undergone significant development, improvement and validation during the last decade and has proved to be a

R. Holmgaard; J. B. Nielsen; E. Benfeldt

2010-01-01

34

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM. A GLANCE INTO THE FUTURE (Special Topic Article)  

E-print Network

Who of us would not be glad to lift the veil behind which the future lies hidden; to cast a glance at the next advances of our science and at the secrets of its development during future centuries? —David Hilbert in 1900, as quoted recently by R. Breslow [1] Paul W. Erhardt received his Ph.D. degree in medicinal chemistry from the University of Minnesota in 1974, and spent many years in the pharmaceutical industry before assuming his present position as professor in the College of Pharmacy, University of Toledo, and Director of the Center for Drug Design and Development. He is currently Vice President of IUPAC’s Chemistry and Human Health Division, and has played an active role in chairing and coordinating numerous Divisional projects. His background and experience in both the industrial and academic sectors and his familiarity with the intricate interdisciplinary fabric of medicinal chemistry qualify him admirably to offer this authoritative overview, in which the recent history and current status of the field furnish a backdrop for discussing future challenges and opportunities. The article forms part of the special topic coverage offered by Pure and Applied Chemistry, to highlight topical themes and to offer critical insight into new and emerging concepts in the chemical sciences.

Paul W. Erhardt

35

Future high intensity ISOL facilities: Selected current R&D topics and possible synergies with other projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The long-term future of ISOL facilities will be governed by the quest for ever increasing secondary beam intensities. One important aspect concerns a new generation of high-power driver accelerators which aim at multi-megawatt beam powers, used in a two-step production scheme for fission products. Within the EURISOL study, e.g. a 1 GeV, 5 mA proton has been investigated in some detail. It would be upgradeable in energy and also have, up to a certain extend, the capability for heavy-ion acceleration. The required R&D programme was assessed, and found to be in the mainstream of today's accelerator development which addresses also other projects like accelerator-driven transmutation of nuclear waste, neutrino beams, …. The concomitant development of high-power spallation targets and the secondary uranium targets is the second issue where a lot of R&D effort is done by several communities. Linked to this are also the studies in which photo-fission is used as a "low-cost" option for a dedicated region of the nuclear chart. The present paper will introduce in this general context, and discuss (selected) relevant new experimental results which are obtained in linac in particular.

Mueller, Alex C.

2003-05-01

36

TOPICAL REVIEW: Present status and future prospects of spherical aberration corrected TEM/STEM for study of nanomaterials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present status of Cs-corrected TEM/STEM is described from the viewpoint of the observation of nanomaterials. Characteristic features in TEM and STEM are explained using the experimental data obtained by our group and other research groups. Cs correction up to the 3rd-order aberration of an objective lens has already been established and research interest is focused on correcting the 5th-order spherical aberration and the chromatic aberration in combination with the development of a monochromator below an electron gun for smaller point-to-point resolution in optics. Another fundamental area of interest is the limitation of TEM and STEM resolution from the viewpoint of the scattering of electrons in crystals. The minimum size of the exit-wave function below samples undergoing TEM imaging is determined from the calculation of scattering around related atomic columns in the crystals. STEM does not have this limitation because the resolution is, in principle, determined by the probe size. One of the future prospects of Cs-corrected TEM/STEM is the possibility of extending the space around the sample holder by correcting the chromatic and spherical aberrations. This wider space will contribute to the ease of performing in situ experiments and various combinations of TEM and other analysis methods. High-resolution, in situ dynamic and 3D observations/analysis are the most important keywords in the next decade of high-resolution electron microscopy. Invited paper.

Tanaka, Nobuo

2008-01-01

37

ADVANCED SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS OF FINE PARTICULATES. Final Topical Report which includes semiannual for the period of January 1, 1998 - June 30, 1998  

SciTech Connect

Sampling tests indicated that the polycarbonate filters were marginally acceptable for in-stack fine-particle collection because of their 230 F melting point as well as requiring carbon coating to reduce charging effects. Vitreous carbon substrates, although not porous, have acceptable thermal stability as well as acceptable levels of charging. A porous silver membrane filter is also being considered for future testing. Pure reference samples of secondary aerosols have been successfully been collected on vitreous carbon substrates with good dispersion and found suitable for direct examination by scanning electron microscope (SEM) without prior coating or preparation. These samples will be used to develop optimum SEM measurement and quantification techniques related to the analysis of fine secondary aerosols.

Donald P. McCollor; Kurt E. Eylands; Patricia L. Kleven

1998-10-01

38

Future-Oriented Geography: An Exciting Prospect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies 31 research topics concerning the future that geographers can explore. Suggests how various research topics will benefit society as well as geographic education. Topics include malnutrition as a cause of social instability, cultural exclusion of the aged, global firewood shortage, and vulnerability of water supplies. (Author/DB)

Austin, Murray

1979-01-01

39

Video Topics Include Freshman Inquiry Course  

E-print Network

Checklist Exploring Majors? Here are some helpful suggestions to consider: Choosing a major is an important in majors you may be interested in. If you don't choose the major, the courses may be able to countYouTubeVideoSeries I N S I D E T H I S I S S U E : YouTube Video Series 1 Mark Your Calendar 1 Exploring Major Tips 2

Hardy, Christopher R.

40

Research topics will include Faculty Leader  

E-print Network

Engineering on-site, while participating in computer-related service learning projects. The software Study Abroad Coordinator johnsonl13@xavier.edu Colombia: Service Learning and Software Engineering mines o Tour of Bogotá Xavier University is proud to offer a five-week inter- institutional service

Scannell, Kevin Patrick

41

Ris Energy Report 5 Technical challenges to energy systems' operation and markets 55 A future energy system that includes a high propor-  

E-print Network

requirements for security of supply and economic efficiency as the energy systems of today, while deliv- eringRisø Energy Report 5 Technical challenges to energy systems' operation and markets 55 9 A future energy system that includes a high propor- tion of renewable energy will be expected to meet the same

42

Estradiol Topical  

MedlinePLUS

... who are experiencing menopause (change of life; the end of monthly menstrual periods). Estradiol topical gel is ... top of your left thigh with the open end facing your knee. Hold the closed end of ...

43

Fluorouracil Topical  

MedlinePLUS

... caused by years of too much exposure to sunlight). Fluorouracil cream and topical solution are also used ... plan to avoid unnecessary or prolonged exposure to sunlight and UV light (such as tanning booths) and ...

44

Tretinoin Topical  

MedlinePLUS

... lotions, astringents, and perfumes); they can sting your skin, especially when you first use tretinoin.Do not use any other topical medications, especially benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid (wart remover), and dandruff shampoos containing sulfur or ...

45

MIT: Shaping the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides 16 essays by faculty and staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) concerning what MIT is like today and offering a guide to its possible future. Emphasis is placed on local, national, and global issues, providing a current sampling of the state of concerns and opinions around MIT. Topics include the question of…

Manning, Kenneth R., Ed.

46

Future Agricultures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Future Agricultures group is a UK Department for International Development (DFID) funded consortium comprised of the Institute of Development Studies, Imperial College London, and Overseas Development Institute. The group is committed to examining the issues that surround agriculture and rural development across the world, with a particular focus on the developing world. Their work includes reports on water management in Ethiopia, a potential second "Green Revolution", and food security. The materials on their site are found in sections that include "News and Events", "Debates", and "Publications". The "Debates" area is a good one, as it includes thoughtful conversations on timely topics like pastoralism, the "Green Revolution" in Africa, and soil fertility. Scholars in the field will appreciate the "Publications" area, which includes policy briefs on poverty reduction in Kenya, coffee commercialization in Malawi, and rising food prices. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and provide feedback on their work.

47

The role of natural gas as a primary fuel in the near future, including comparisons of acquisition, transmission and waste handling costs of as with competitive alternatives  

PubMed Central

Natural gas comprises about a quarter of the United States’ energy use. It is more environmentally friendly than oil and coal due to lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per unit, less costly per unit of energy and more readily available domestically in abundant supply. However, due to a number of barriers in the political, infrastructural, pricing and other arenas, the use of natural gas as a significant energy source in the United States has been limited. In our paper, we highlight the favorable qualities of natural gas and its benefits for the consumer, producer, and environment, having compared the costs of the various components of the natural gas business such as drilling and transport to that of coal and oil. Moreover, we touch upon the major issues that have prevented a more prevalent use of the gas, such as the fact that the infrastructure of natural gas is more costly since it is transported though pipelines whereas other energy sources such as oil and coal have flexible systems that use trains, trucks and ships. In addition, the powerful lobbies of the coal and oil businesses, along with the inertia in the congress to pass a national climate change bill further dampens incentives for these industries to invest in natural gas, despite its various attractive qualities. We also include discussions of policy proposals to incentive greater use of natural gas in the future. PMID:22540989

2012-01-01

48

TOPICAL TREATMENT OF MELASMA  

PubMed Central

Melasma is a common hypermelanotic disorder affecting the face that is associated with considerable psychological impacts. The management of melasma is challenging and requires a long-term treatment plan. In addition to avoidance of aggravating factors like oral pills and ultraviolet exposure, topical therapy has remained the mainstay of treatment. Multiple options for topical treatment are available, of which hydroquinone (HQ) is the most commonly prescribed agent. Besides HQ, other topical agents for which varying degrees of evidence for clinical efficacy exist include azelaic acid, kojic acid, retinoids, topical steroids, glycolic acid, mequinol, and arbutin. Topical medications modify various stages of melanogenesis, the most common mode of action being inhibition of the enzyme, tyrosinase. Combination therapy is the preferred mode of treatment for the synergism and reduction of untoward effects. The most popular combination consists of HQ, a topical steroid, and retinoic acid. Prolonged HQ usage may lead to untoward effects like depigmentation and exogenous ochronosis. The search for safer alternatives has given rise to the development of many newer agents, several of them from natural sources. Well-designed controlled clinical trials are needed to clarify their role in the routine management of melasma. PMID:20101327

Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata

2009-01-01

49

Editorial: current topics in pharmacogenomics.  

PubMed

The special issue "Current topics in Pharmacogenomics", will be wonderful reference for new generation pharmacists & future pharmacists to understand the current status of Pharmacogenomics (Future medicine or personalized medicine) and its future prospects. "No two individuals are alike" and diversities among the individuals can potentially contribute their reaction (positive or negative) to the drug. The main focus of Human Genome Project is developing personalized medicine based on the genome content of the individual to maximize the drug efficacy and minimize the un-wanted side effects. Disciplines such as Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Genomics, Genetic Engineering, Molecular Biology, Pharmaceuticals Sciences, Clinical Practice, and Mathematics are the core of Pharmacogenomics. The main focus of this issue is to bring novel research topics, development of new pharmacogenomics tools in personalized medicine for major diseases and few patents in these areas. From a therapeutic approach, the future of pharmacy and pharmacogenomics will be a major guiding tool for drug therapy which will move the clinical practice away from "one size fits all" approach. Few topics have also been included to cover the research developing novel diagnostics, biomarkers and preventive solutions using one or more of the core areas of Pharmacogenomics. The first review article in this special issue contributed by Dr. Andrew Borkowski et al. discusses on the implications of polymorphisms in warfarin dosing, pharmacogenomics tests available for warfarin dosing along with the clinical model for the implementation of pharmacogenomics test results and complexities associated with these patented methodologies. Second review contributed by Dr. John Allen et al. discusses the potential use of pharmacogenomic approaches in the critically ill for the management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), invasive fungal infection, and pain management along with some recent patents associated with it and the current barriers for Pharmacogenomics-guided therapy in the critically ill. Third review contributed by Dr. Kalyan Chapalamadugu et al. discusses various pharmacogenomics approaches for cardiovascular complications in patients with metabolic disorders such as diabetes and obesity. Fourth review contributed by Dr. Ashim Malhotra et al. highlights for the first time on the possible sources of pharmacogenomics variations that may affect the treatment of the pediatric cardiomyopathy called Barth syndrome (BTHS). In this article authors also shed light on the possible treatment options along with the future directions. Fifth article contributed by Dr. Charles Preuss et al. elucidates upon the potential role of nutraceuticals (natural products) as dietary supplements to prevent or diminish the disease risk in the population carrying certain polymorphisms that can increase the susceptibility to certain diseases. Sixth article contributed by Dr. Thea Moore et al. focuses on the current impression of pharmacogenomics in reducing the life-threatening adverse effects of psychotropics in patients with psychiatric and neurological disorders with special emphasis on atypical antipsychotics due to their wide usage. Finally, the seventh article contributed by Dr. Manju Pathak discusses the role of functional foods in disease management for patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. We are grateful to all contributors of this special issue and to all our reviewers for their excellent feedback, which made this issue a wonderful guide for the future pharmacists and pharmacogenomics specialists. I wish this special issue will give more encouragement for the scientific community to bring more special issues, topics and books that can promote complete implementation of pharmacogenomics in clinical settings. PMID:25185979

Panguluri, Siva Kumar; Sneed, Kevin B; Pathak, Yashwant; Zhou, Shufeng

2014-01-01

50

LD Topics: Math & Dyscalculia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of articles for parents and educators addresses learning disabilities in the area of mathematics. The articles address a variety of topics, including strategies for working with children with dyscalculia, parent-teacher collaboration, identification of disabilities, use of technology, and developing number sense.

2011-01-01

51

Topics in Tropical Meteorology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module brings together six short lessons about significant atmospheric and oceanic influences on tropical cyclone development in the Atlantic Ocean. Topics treated include the African Easterly Jet, the Loop Current, the Meridional Overturning Circulation, ocean heat content, the Saharan Air Layer, and the Tropical Upper Tropospheric Trough, or TUTT.

Comet

2008-12-22

52

Additional Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This subset of the Black Box Software Testing collection includes resources to teach quality cost analysis, combination testing, regression testing, GUI regression automation, high volume test automation, requirements analysis, test documentation, test scripts, and scripted testing and inattentional blindness. Resources include lecture videos, slides, activities, and suggested readings.

Kaner, Cem; Fiedler, Rebecca L.

2011-06-01

53

SpaceWire Architectures: Present and Future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on current and future spacewire architectures is shown. The topics include: 1) Current Spacewire Architectures: Swift Data Flow; 2) Current SpaceWire Architectures : LRO Data Flow; 3) Current Spacewire Architectures: JWST Data Flow; 4) Current SpaceWire Architectures; 5) Traditional Systems; 6) Future Systems; 7) Advantages; and 8) System Engineer Toolkit.

Rakow, Glen Parker

2006-01-01

54

2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for  

E-print Network

the effect of the individual components or subsystems on the system stability is usually hidden in the state uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising

Chen, Zhe

55

Teacher Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes articles and classroom activities about chemicals in the body entitled: "Your Body's Chemical Factory,""Testing for Catalase Activity,""How Sweet It IS...,""Milking Calcium for All It's Worth," and "Testing for Starch in Plant Products." (MKR)

Chemecology, 1995

1995-01-01

56

grounded estimates of future biodiversity loss. Limitations on the reliability of this method include the difficulty in estimating the proportion of contemporary biota in  

E-print Network

., Pimm, S. L. & Oyugi, J. O. Time lag between deforestation and bird extinction in tropical forest and animals. Conserv. Biol. 12, 1134­1138 (1998). 19. Williamson, M. Natural extinction on islands. Phil reached relaxation (that is, presently surviving, but committed to future extinction)13,25 , the unknown

Fukami, Tadashi

57

2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or  

E-print Network

be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting functional web testing and the choice among them depends on a number of factors, including the tools used the successive releases. Digital Object Identifier (DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WCRE.2013.6671302 #12;Capture

Robbiano, Lorenzo

58

Systematic evaluation program review of NRC Safety Topic VI-10. A associated with the electrical, instrumentation and control portions of the testing of reactor trip system and engineered safety features, including response time for the Dresden station, Unit II nuclear power plant  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the technical evaluation and review of NRC Safety Topic VI-10.A, associated with the electrical, instrumentation, and control portions of the testing of reactor trip systems and engineered safety features including response time for the Dresden II nuclear power plant, using current licensing criteria.

St. Leger-Barter, G.

1980-11-01

59

Analysis of the efficacy of portal vein embolization for patients with extensive liver malignancy and very low future liver remnant volume including a comparison to the ALPPS approach  

PubMed Central

Background The primary reported indication for the Associating Liver Partition with Portal vein Ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) technique is in patients with very low future liver remnant volumes. Given the elevated incidence of major morbidity (40%) and liver-related mortality (12%) with ALPPS, we sought to determine the safety and efficacy of percutaneous portal vein embolization (PVE) in a similar patient population. Patients and Methods Tumor resectability and morbidity/mortality rates were reviewed for 144 consecutive liver tumor patients with future liver remnant to body weight ratios (LR/BW) less than 0.5%. All patients were referred for preoperative percutaneous right plus segment IV PVE using embolic microspheres, with planned reassessment of the LR/BW 30 days after PVE. Post-PVE outcomes were compared to reported outcomes for ALPPS. Results Percutaneous PVE was successfully performed in 141 of the 144 study patients (97.9%). Adequate regeneration was observed in 139 patients (98.5%) with median post-PVE LR/BW rising from 0.33% to 0.52% (p<0.0001), representing a per-patient median regeneration of 62% (range: 0.3 – 379%). In total, 104 patients underwent extended right hepatectomy (n=102) or right hepatectomy (n=2). The remaining 40 patients (27.8%) were not resectable due to short-interval disease progression (27 patients, 18.5%), insufficient liver regeneration (5 patients, 3.5%), and medical comorbidities (8 patients, 5.6%). After resection, the following outcomes were observed: major morbidity: 33.0% (34/104), liver insufficiency: 12.5% (13/104), and 90-day liver-related mortality: 5.8% (6/104). These oncologic and technical results compare favorably to those of ALPPS. Conclusion Based on its ability to select oncologically resectable patients and superior safety and efficacy profiles, percutaneous right+segment IV PVE and interval surgery remains the standard of care for patients with very low future liver remnant volumes. PMID:23632095

Shindoh, Junichi; Vauthey, Jean-Nicolas; Zimmitti, Giuzeppe; Curley, Steven A.; Huang, Steven Y; Mahvash, Armeen; Gupta, Sanjay; Wallace, Michael J; Aloia, Thomas A

2013-01-01

60

Topics in String Phenomenology  

E-print Network

We consider two questions in string ``phenomenology.'' First, are there any generic string predictions? Second, are there any general lessons which string theory suggests for thinking about low energy models, particularly in the framework of supersymmetry? Among the topics we consider are the squark and slepton spectrum, flavor symmetries, discrete symmetries including $CP$, and Peccei-Quinn symmetries. We also note that in some cases, discrete symmetries can be used to constrain the form of supersymmetry breaking.

Michael Dine

1993-09-23

61

Topics for Current and Future Consideration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What lies ahead for nontraditional doctorate programs? What issues should concern administrators, faculty, and scholars? Faculty and administrators raised concerns that the marketplace demand for "nontraditional doctoral programs" would pollute the academic purity and sanctity of traditional programs. The authors provide some considerations for…

Pappas, James P.; Jerman, Jerry

2011-01-01

62

Feeding and Caring for a Two-Year-Old 4-H Futurity Horse  

E-print Network

This publication explains how to care for a 2-year-old horse and have a successful 4-H futurity horse project. Topics include proper nutrition; regular coat, hoof, and health care; adequate exercise; and consistent training. Activities are included...

Antilley, Teri J.; Sigler, Dennis

2009-05-15

63

Esther Dyson's Vision of the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a vision of the future based on Esther Dyson's views of the proliferation of the Internet. Topics include the Internet as a communication medium; electronic commerce; the role of education, including the role of teachers; intellectual property rights; and friction freedom in a new digital economy relating to pricing. (LRW)

Runyan, Andy

1999-01-01

64

Commodity Futures & Financial Market Charts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, a product of TFC Commodity Charts, provides daily, monthly and weekly price charts for various commodity and financial futures. These include grains, meats, energy, metals, exchange rate and interest rate futures. There is also a short course introducing beginners to commodity market trading. The course covers topics from the origins of commodity trading to the operations of a commodity market. Beginners will be interested in the glossary of commodity futures terms provided at the site as well. Note that these are not realtime charts.

65

Acculturation: Recommendations for Future Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, future directions in acculturation research and design are suggested which could provide valuable new insights\\u000a and knowledge. Topics discussed include the importance of subject-selection procedures (ranging from individual characteristics\\u000a to group commonalities), various measurement issues (such as instrumentation and scoring methods), and research design procedures\\u000a (including discussion of complexities in design).

Richard M. Suinn

66

EFF HOT Topics. Volume 2, Number 1, Spring 2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"EFF HOT (Highlights on Teaching Topics) Topics" is a publication of the EFF (Equipped for the Future) Center for Training and Technical Assistance. Each issue concentrates on a specific topic, highlighting examples of actual practice and offering strategies and tools for using EFF in the classroom. This issue of "HOT Topics" introduces a ten-step…

National Institute for Literacy, 2002

2002-01-01

67

2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for  

E-print Network

uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10 in the microgrid. Depending on the number of the paralleled DG inverters, the resonant frequencies vary in a wide

Chen, Zhe

68

Public Policy and Futures Bibliography: A Select List of Canadian, American, and Other Book-Length Materials, 1970 to 1980, Including Highly Selected Works Published Between 1949 and 1969.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography of public policy and general futures literature is intended primarily for educators and educational policy makers in Canada and particularly those who are responsible for shaping education in Ontario. The bulk of the entries are items published in Canada and America between 1970 and 1980. Also included are some selected items…

Stevenson, Hugh A., Comp.

69

Voices From The Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Science Foundation's "Voices From the Future" is a lecture series designed to honor the Foundation's 60th anniversary. The anniversary lectures were all recorded and then archived and placed here for the general public, scientists, and anyone else interested. The site has three lectures, including talks by Professor Luis von Ahn of Carnegie Mellon University and Paul Y. Oh, the director of the Autonomous Systems Lab at Drexel University. Each lecture is quite engaging and covers topics that include human computation and the reasons why earthquakes occur. Educators in a range of science fields may wish to also use these videos in their classrooms to inspire and educate students.

2011-03-11

70

Topics and Terms in Environmental Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference is an expanded glossary of topics and terms currently related to environmental problems. These topics and terms are associated with energy, air pollution, water pollution, wastes, and pesticides. Included are 239 main entries ranging from acaricide to weathering. Each entry briefly describes the topic or term and often presents a…

Holum, John R.

71

interval included oral and topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory  

E-print Network

to be incited by autoimmune system dysregula- tion1 and is often classified on the basis of the site the risks of infection and hypotony-related complications with observation compared with the potential to in- cite further, more substantial scleral inflammation with a surgical ap- proach. Correspondence: Dr

Srinivasan, Vivek J.

72

The present status and the future direction of second order closure models for incompressible flows  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The topics are covered in viewgraph form and include: (1) basic equations and model terms; (2) model constraints and assumptions; (3) the present state of various closure models; and (4) future directions.

Shih, T.-H.

1992-01-01

73

The Future of Indexing and Abstracting Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the developments that have positively or adversely affected abstracting and indexing services over the past several decades, addressing such topics as the impact of computers and the migration from print-on-paper to online information provision. Forecasts for the near and long-term future are made and a reference list is included. (JL)

Lancaster, F. W.; Neway, Julie M.

1982-01-01

74

Planning the Academic Library of the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the design of academic libraries and suggests that design considerations determine how well a library will be able to fulfill its mission to encourage students to develop the electronic research skills demanded by an information society. Topics include future possibilities; efficient buildings and technology; and good design and…

Bazillion, Richard J.

2001-01-01

75

Students look to the future.  

PubMed

The future of the veterinary profession formed the theme for this year's congress of the Association of Veterinary Students, held at Nottingham veterinary school on January 25 and 26. Topics under discussion included the RCVS's Professional Development Phase and the new veterinary school at the University of Surrey. Students were also encouraged to take a stand on animal welfare issues by guest speaker Marc Abraham. Laura Honey reports. PMID:24526533

Honey, Laura

2014-02-15

76

Women's Health Topics  

MedlinePLUS

... Menopause More Women's Health Topics ? - Resources for You Women's Health Topics Take Time to Care about Your Health . ... Publications for Women Pregnancy Registries ¡Nunca Más! Novelas Women's Health Research Pink Ribbon Sunday Program ? - Stay Informed Get ...

77

Twitter Trending Topic Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing popularity of microblogging sites, we are in the era of information explosion. As of June 2011, about 200 million tweets are being generated everyday. Although Twitter provides a list of most popular topics people tweet about known as Trending Topics in real time, it is often hard to understand what these trending topics are about. Therefore, it

Kathy Lee; Diana Palsetia; Ramanathan Narayanan; Ankit Agrawal; Alok Choudhary

2011-01-01

78

The future of land warfare  

SciTech Connect

Sophisticated new technology and vastly increased firepower mean that future land battles are likely to be very different to those of the past. The Iran-Iraq war and the British experience in the Falklands have shown, however, that factors such as terrain, morale and surprise continue to be of vital importance. This book is a consideration of the likely nature of (and possibilities for) land warfare during the next twenty-five years. It discusses the elements of modern warfare including weapons developments, intelligence, logistics and tactics. The book concludes with speculative predictions of future conflicts. Topics covered include hell on earth: war in the 1970s and 1980s; factors affecting air-land warfare; geography, demography and the major land powers; nuclear; biological; chemical or conventional; operational art of major land powers; weapons platforms, protection, electronic warfare (including laser and charged particle beam weapons); command, control, communications and intelligence; and the nature of future land warfare.

Bellamy, C.

1987-01-01

79

Topical antineoplastic agents in the treatment of mucocutaneous diseases.  

PubMed

Topical antineoplastic agents have a well-established role in the treatment of several dermatological conditions. Their use in the treatment of mucosal skin disease also has gained increasing recognition. Topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), an antimetabolite, and imiquimod, an immunomodulatory agent with antitumor properties, are the two principal topical antineoplastic agents used in the treatment of mucocutaneous diseases. Although the vast majority of their mucosal uses are currently not approved by the Federal Drug Administration, there are numerous case series, open-label studies and randomized controlled trials supporting their uses in the treatment of mucocutaneous diseases. Both topical 5-FU and imiquimod have been successfully utilized in the treatment of a wide range of mucosal diseases, including actinic cheilitis, Bowen's disease of the anal and vulvar mucosa, and genital and perianal condyloma. Reports of their uses in the treatment of mucocutaneous diseases indicate that these agents can be safely administered, though adverse effects such as local inflammation may be augmented when these agents are applied to mucosal surfaces. Additionally, locally acting intralesional chemotherapeutic agents, such as bleomycin and interferon, have well-defined applications in the treatment of mucosal skin diseases such as condyloma acuminata. As further studies are conducted, these topical and intralesional neoplastic agents, in addition to emerging agents that are in various stages of development, such as Toll-like receptor 9 agonists and ingenol mebutate, may play an increasingly important role in the future treatment of mucocutaneous diseases. PMID:21325841

Grossberg, Anna L; Gaspari, Anthony A

2011-01-01

80

Research Topic Framing Identifying a Topic  

E-print Network

networking and personal social media, specifically the act of sharing personal photos online, break down, y, and z, Facebook's intersection of public networking and personal social media breaks down: Business etiquette and Facebook Restricted Topic · Ex: Business etiquette and sharing personal photos

Kasman, Alex

81

USGS Science Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This topical directory provides an alternate way to browse United States Geological Survey (USGS) science programs and activities. It is not an exhaustive list of all USGS science topics but provides a categorization using a thesaurus of related terms that will give definitions, links to science content, and a structured approach to discovery. The directory is divided into fourteen major topic headings, each with an associated listing of subtopics and related topics. USGS websites that have been identified as primary portals are always shown first. Remaining search results appear in order of decreasing priority as matches against a list of criteria applied to their titles.

2012-07-12

82

CSA Hot Topics Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hot Topics series provides a free sampling of the resources in Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA) and the Internet Database Service (IDS). The 30 topics span subjects in the humanities, engineering, environmental policy, and medicine. Each Hot Topic gives an overview of the subject, key citations with abstracts, a list of Websites, a glossary, a comment form so that users can correspond with the editors, and a "source" section, which explains from which of CSA's paid services the resources were culled. The latest hot topic is MicroElectroMechanical systems (MEMS), "small integrated devices or systems that combine electrical and mechanical components."

83

This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS 1  

E-print Network

, phase noise, phase-shift keying (PSK), quadrature amplitude mod- ulation (QAM). I. INTRODUCTION THE NEED like M-array phase-shift keying (M-PSK) or M-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) [1]. Today's co as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS 1 Phase

Noé, Reinhold

84

Content Management and the Future of Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Internet-based electronic content management in digital libraries and considers the future of academic libraries. Topics include digital technologies; content management systems; standards; bandwidth; security and privacy concerns; legal matters, including copyrights and ownership; lifecycle; and multilingual access and interface. (LRW)

Wu, Yuhfen Diana; Liu, Mengxiong

2001-01-01

85

Metabolism of Topical Retinaldehyde  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In order to circumvent the tolerance problems encountered with topical application of retinoic acid – a biologically active metabolite of vitamin A – we performed in various models a series of experiments aimed at assessing the bio-availability of topical retinaldehyde and its conversion into either retinoid stores or biologically active metabolites. Methods: (i) 3H-retinaldehyde was used as a precursor

O. Sorg; L. Didierjean; J.-H. Saurat

1999-01-01

86

Exploring Independent Trends in a Topic-Based Search Engine  

E-print Network

community. While an extensive body of research exists in the area of Topic De- tection and Tracking2 implementation, a topical representation is in- corporated automatically with documents and included in the index and the documents over the topic space. In principle topic models should work better than simple word index searches

Myllymäki, Petri

87

Some Teaching Topics from Space Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Short notes on a variety of science topics provide information derived from space sciences that can be used to add interest and up-to-date data to science lessons. Topics are arranged alphabetically from Alpha particles to X-rays, and include some from each of the physical, earth, and biological sciences. (AL)

Balding, G. M.

1972-01-01

88

Nonprescription topical treatments for skin rejuvenation.  

PubMed

Topical skin care regimens are a mainstay treatment for aging skin. All patients seeking skin rejuvenation can benefit from this low-risk intervention. This article reviews available nonprescription topical treatments for rejuvenation including moisturizers, antioxidants, retinols, and sunscreen. PMID:24488631

Grunebaum, Lisa D; Baumann, Leslie S

2014-02-01

89

US Support Program Topical Meetings 1999 to 2008  

SciTech Connect

In 1999, the International Safeguards Project Office began organizing topical workshops to explore technical issues facing the International Atomic Energy Agency's Department of Safeguards. Representatives from IAEA member states including the United States, national laboratories and companies were invited to the workshops to discuss the technical issues. In some cases professional facilitators were hired to lead the discussions and in some cases business gaming techniques were employed. Since 1999, the following topics have been addressed Data Communication Technologies (1999), Information Security (2000), Design and Testing for High Reliability (2001), Standardization and Integration of Unattended and Remote Monitoring Systems (2002), Roadmapping: Surveillance (2003), IAEA Seals Technology Roadmapping Workshop (2004), Turning Information Into Knowledge (2004), Safeguards Tools of the Future (2005), and Advanced Sensors for Safeguards (2007). This paper will review the scope of the workshops and summarize their results.

Pepper,S.

2008-06-10

90

THIS MONTHS TOPIC: TRADITIONAL  

E-print Network

THIS MONTHS TOPIC: TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE The Inuit view of how the Arctic is changing WITH SPECIAL GUESTS: Tusaqtuut Traditional Inuit Knowledge Initiative Elders Chairperson Jamesie Mike, Pangnirtung Tusaqtuut Traditional Knowledge Initiative Directors Project Director Meeka Mike, Iqaluit, Nunavut Southern

Garousi, Vahid

91

Ciclopirox Topical Solution  

MedlinePLUS

... Use the applicator brush attached to the bottle cap to apply ciclopirox topical solution evenly to all ... can reach these areas. Wipe off the bottle cap and neck and replace the cap tightly on ...

92

IP Internal Movement and Topicalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation, I investigate the phenomenon of internal topicalization cross-linguistically, using Chinese as a starting point. Internal topicalization refers to constructions in which a topic phrase is placed between the subject and the verb (in contrast to external topicalization, which involves a topic in the CP domain). I argue that…

Kuo, Pei-Jung

2009-01-01

93

Topical advances in wound care.  

PubMed

There are fundamental differences between acute wounds that proceed to uncomplicated healing and those that become chronic wounds. Non-healing or chronic wounds can result from a combination of overlapping factors that prevent healing, including local tissue ischemia, repetitive trauma and ischemia/reperfusion injury, presence of tissue necrosis, impaired cellular and systemic host response to stress, and critical bacterial contamination. The bacterial burden in the wound contributes to a sustained inflammatory state, which inhibits normal progression to the proliferative phase of healing, thereby preventing restoration of tissue integrity. Appropriate wound bed preparation removes local barriers to healing and optimizes the tissue environment to achieve wound healing. It is an essential element of wound management that advances endogenous healing as well as the efficacy of topical and other wound therapy. This article will summarize a systematic approach to wound bed preparation using the "TIME" principle, and will highlight important advances in topical wound care. PMID:18793796

Stojadinovic, Alexander; Carlson, Jay W; Schultz, Gregory S; Davis, Thomas A; Elster, Eric A

2008-11-01

94

Applied controls research topics in the aerospace industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes applied controls research topics of current interest in the aerospace community. The topics discussed include integrated controls, reconfigurable flight control, aircraft performance improvements, and aircraft\\/missile robust nonlinear control

Kevin A. Wise

1995-01-01

95

Energy futures: Trading opportunities for the 1990s  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains an edited collection of views from practitioners in the rapidly growing area of energy futures and options trading, a major element of risk management. Four chapters are devoted to Trading Theories and Strategies. This section is aimed at the specialist in energy, rather than finance. The complexities of options trading are described in another chapter. The remaining sections of this book present a variety of topics in this field including Natural Gas Trading and Futures, Energy Futures and Options Trading, and Accounting, Taxation and Internal Control. The book is a good introduction and reference to the mechanics and institutions of energy futures contracts and trading.

Treat, J.E. (ed.)

1990-01-01

96

Looking Ahead: Jobs and Education in the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an interview with the three authors of a report on jobs and education in the future. Topics discussed include (1) job opportunities and salary differences in the 1990s, (2) the relationship between schooling and work, (3) attitude changes, and (4) changes in the character and structure of employment. (MCG)

School Administrator, 1985

1985-01-01

97

Aircraft Research and Technology for Future Fuels  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential characteristics of future aviation turbine fuels and the property effects of these fuels on propulsion system components are examined. The topics that are discussed include jet fuel supply and demand trends, the effects of refining variables on fuel properties, shekle oil processing, the characteristics of broadened property fuels, the effects of fuel property variations on combustor and fuel system performance, and combuster and fuel system technology for broadened property fuels.

1980-01-01

98

EFF HOT Topics: Strategies and Tools for Teaching with EFF. Volume 3, Number 1, Fall 2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"EFF HOT (Highlights on Teaching Topics) Topics" is a publication of the EFF (Equipped for the Future) Center for Training and Technical Assistance. Each issue concentrates on a specific topic, highlighting examples of actual practice and offering strategies and tools for using EFF in the classroom. In this issue, "HOT Topics" focuses on the EFF…

Potts, Meta, Ed.

2003-01-01

99

Topics in Open Topological Strings  

E-print Network

This thesis is based on some selected topics in open topological string theory which I have worked on during my Ph.D. It comprises an introductory part where I have focused on the points most needed for the later chapters, trading completeness for conciseness and clarity. Then, following [12], we discuss tadpole cancellation for topological strings where we mainly show how its implementation is needed for ensuring the same "odd" moduli decoupling encountered in the closed theory. Next we move to analyse how the open and closed effective field theories for the B model interact writing the complete Lagrangian. We first check it deriving some already known tree level amplitudes in term of target space quantities, and then we extend the recipe to new results; later we implement open closed duality from a target field theory perspective. This last subject is also analysed from a worldsheet point of view extending the analysis of [13]. Some ideas for future research are briefly reported.

Andrea Prudenziati

2010-10-16

100

Topic in Depth - Data Mining  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Topic in Depth explores data mining, also known as knowledge discovery in databases. Data mining is used to extract implicit, previously unknown, but potentially useful information from raw data. It is a blend of three main subjects: statistics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. Often, true data mining is characterized by a self-acting program and a unique blend of knowledge discovery and prediction that allows individuals and businesses to sort and classify very large amounts of data quickly and efficiently. Data mining programs can be tailored to meet the needs of the users, whether that need is for the forecasting of future investments, or simply the need to recognize patterns among the data being analyzed.

2010-09-06

101

Topic in Depth - Antimatter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For every action there is a reaction, for every plus there is a minus, and for every matter there is wellâ¦antimatter. This topic in depth tackles the complex concept of antimatter, from the Big Bang to solar explosions and the technology to detect it.

2010-09-15

102

Transportation: Topic Paper E.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one of a series of topic papers assessing federal laws and programs affecting persons with disabilities, this paper reviews the issue of transportation services. In the area of urban mass transit, four relevant pieces of legislation and public transportation accessibility regulations are cited, and cost issues are explored. Paratransit systems,…

National Council on the Handicapped, Washington, DC.

103

Science Curriculum Topic Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Need help making the connection between science standards, teacher practice, and improved student achievement? Science Curriculum Topic Study is your missing link. The book offers a systematic professional development strategy that brings together science standards and research with curriculum, instruction, and assessment. Writing in the book's foreword, Harold Pratt, former NSTA President, calls Science Curriculum Topic Study "by far the best thing I have seen on how to effectively use the standards." The CTS process will help you: � Improve your understanding of science content � Clarify a hierarchy of content and skills in a learning goal from state or local standards � Define formative and summative assessment goals and strategies � Learn to recognize and address learning difficulties � Design or use instructional materials effectively � Increase opportunities for students of all backgrounds to achieve science literacy Science Curriculum Topic Study is rich with features that make it both easy to use and illuminating. It contains 147 separate curriculum topic study guides arranged in 11 categories representing the major domains of science. You get worksheets to help you apply the CTS process to curriculum, instruction, and assessment, plus a quick-reference guide to the major standards and research documents. In addition, teacher vignettes show how to use the CTS process to enrich your own teaching immediately.

Keeley, Page

2005-01-01

104

Future Yield Growth: What Evidence from Historical Data?  

E-print Network

The potential future role of biofuels has become an important topic in energy legislation as it is seen as a potential low carbon alternative to conventional fuels. Hence, future yield growth is an important topic from ...

Gitiaux, Xavier

105

EFF HOT Topics. Volume 1, Number 1, Spring 2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

HOT Topics is a new quarterly publication from the Equipped for the Future (EFF) National Center. HOT stands for Highlights On Teaching, and this publication is committed to providing teachers and tutors with tools and ideas for teaching using the EFF Framework and Standards. This first issue of HOT Topics focuses on strategies that use the EFF…

National Institute for Literacy, 2001

2001-01-01

106

TRENDING UKRAINE UPRISING (/TOPICS/TOPIC/EVENT/UKRAINE-UPRISING.HTML) CAMPAIGN FINANCE (/TOPICS/TOPIC/ISSUE/CAMPAIGN-FINANCE.HTML)  

E-print Network

(/) TRENDING UKRAINE UPRISING (/TOPICS/TOPIC/EVENT/UKRAINE-UPRISING.HTML) CAMPAIGN FINANCE (/TOPICS/TOPIC/ISSUE/CAMPAIGN moved into the house with her mother, grandmother and daughter a few years after leaving her job like her how to protect beach property, let alone help city officials anticipate the impact of higher

Rohs, Remo

107

Investigation of piping failure at BI-GAS pilot plant. Topical report  

SciTech Connect

This is a topical report covering an investigation by Stearns-Roger into several incidents of piping failure in the BI-GAS pilot plant. It includes decisions that have been made with regard to piping replacements and operating procedures that will be effected to avoid future failures. To that objective all piping systems have been reviewed. Because stress corrosion cracking has been found to be the culprit, only stainless steel systems are discussed in this report.

None

1980-01-01

108

Future scientific drilling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The JOI-USSAC Workshop on Future Scientific Drilling was held April 6-8, 1987, at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass. Participants consisted of 56 scientists from nine countries. The general sponsors of the workshop were JOI (the Joint Oceanographic Institutions) and the U.S. Science Advisory Committee (USSAC) of the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). Non-U.S. participants were sponsored by their respective countries.The goals of the workshop were to develop thematic suites of drilling objectives in the South Atlantic from global, regional, and topical perspectives and to broaden the base of expertise on which ODP efforts are founded by including scientific input from non-ODP members. The workshop began with a plenary session at which general overviews of various aspects of current South Atlantic research were presented. For most of the workshop, participants separated into one of four working groups for specialized discussion. The topics of these specialized groups were evolution of oceanic lithosphere/tectonics,biostratigraphy,physical stratigrapgy/development of the sedimentary record, andgeochemistry. Once major themes had been developed, each group went on to consider where these objectives could be optimally addressed by drilling and what drilling strategies were necessary for each target area of interest. The workshop ended on the third day with a general session in which the considerations of the four working groups were summarized.

Meyers, Philip A.; Austin, James A., Jr.

109

New topical antifungal drugs.  

PubMed

The new antifungal drugs used for topical treatment of superficial, skin and mucosal mycoses are reviewed. Amorolfine and allylamines (naftifine and terbinafine) are promising original molecules with new and different modes of action against fungi. Rilopirox is a new pyridone derivative under study. A great number of azole derivatives, such as oxiconazole, isoconazole, sulconazole, and terconazole, are used as topical antifungals. Three of them are synthesized in Barcelona by pharmaceutical laboratories: sertaconazole, flutrimazole and eberconazole. All of them are now in the register process for commercialization. The combination of antifungals with active products, such as keratoplastics, is used mainly for the treatment of onychomycoses; 40% urea associated with 1% bifonazole has shown high efficacy for this indication. PMID:8118161

Torres-Rodríguez, J M

1993-01-01

110

Dave Young's Chemical Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of articles from Dave Young of Cytoclonal Pharmaceutics covers select topics in computational chemistry (e.g., molecular vibrations, pharmaceuticals, spin contamination), magnetochemistry, states of matter, and Gaussian, Mopac, and Unix computer languages. The articles are plucked from Young's publication Computational Chemistry: A Practical Guide for Applying Techniques to Real World Problems, scheduled to be published by John Wiley & Sons this spring. the articles are intended to be introductory and don't go into topics in depth, but some of the discussions are actually fairly advanced. The introductory section features a nice discussion of the terms "theoretical" and "computational" chemistry, with a warning of the pitfalls of relying too much on strictly computational methods. This is an interesting, informative resource for teachers of college-level chemistry.

Young, David C., 1964-

2001-01-01

111

Future Mission Trends and their Implications for the Deep Space Network  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation discusses the direction of future missions and it's significance to the Deep Space Network. The topics include: 1) The Deep Space Network (DSN); 2) Past Missions Driving DSN Evolution; 3) The Changing Mission Paradigm; 4) Assessing Future Mission Needs; 5) Link Support Trends; 6) Downlink Rate Trends; 7) Uplink Rate Trends; 8) End-to-End Link Difficulty Trends; 9) Summary: Future Mission Trend Drivers; and 10) Conclusion: Implications for the DSN.

Abraham, Douglas S.

2006-01-01

112

LiveScience Topic: Nanotechnology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

So what is nanotechnology, you ask? Nanotechnology is defined as the science and technology of building electronic circuits and devices from single atoms and molecules, or the branch of engineering that deals with things smaller than 100 nanometers. This site details the future benefits that nanotechnology research could serve including advances in telecommunications, information technology, healthcare and pharmaceuticals. For additional information on nanotechnology, what it consists of, as well as nanotech's current and future impacts on the world of science, simply select any nanotechnology article or other interactive feature.

2010-11-26

113

This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING 1  

E-print Network

underwater/satellite sensor network science and technology development was funded by the NASA Earth Science of Earth science, including climate change research and operational oceanography, there is a need for near improvements, namely, 1) adaptive sampling for more efficient use of expensive space-based and in situ sensing

Arabshahi, Payman

114

Large, Multilingual, Broadcast News Corpora For Cooperative Research in Topic Detection And Tracking  

E-print Network

Large, Multilingual, Broadcast News Corpora For Cooperative Research in Topic Detection. The research tasks include segmentation of the news streams into individual stories, detection of new topics corpora available to support research and development in information retrieval, topic detection

Pennsylvania, University of

115

Topic in Depth - Voice over Internet Protocol  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) is a technology that integrates voice services, such as those provided by long distance telephone carriers, into data networks. This Topic in Depth presents information about the development and future of VoIP. VoIP has received considerable attention in recent years since it blurs the line between telecommunications and Internet. Among other things, it has the potential for enabling virtually free person-to-person communication for anyone with an Internet connection.

2010-09-16

116

Topic in Depth - Aerodynamics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Aerodynamics is the study of what makes things go fast, right? More specifically, itâÂÂs the study of the interaction between bodies and the atmosphere. This topic in depth highlights some fun websites on the science of aerodynamics, for beginners to researchers. If youâÂÂve been watching Wimbeldon lately, you might have been wondering about the aerodynamics of tennis. Or maybe you were riding your bike the other day and wondering how you could pick up a little more speed next time. These sites can help explain.

2010-09-17

117

Organization's Orderly Interest Exploration: Inception, Development and Insights of AIAA's Topics Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since 2003, AIAA's Computer Systems and Software Systems Technical Committees (TCs) have developed a database that aids technical committee management to map technical topics to their members. This Topics/Interest (T/I) database grew out of a collection of charts and spreadsheets maintained by the TCs. Since its inception, the tool has evolved into a multi-dimensional database whose dimensions include the importance, interest and expertise of TC members and whether or not a member and/or a TC is actively involved with the topic. In 2005, the database was expanded to include the TCs in AIAA s Information Systems Group and then expanded further to include all AIAA TCs. It was field tested at an AIAA Technical Activities Committee (TAC) Workshop in early 2006 through live access by over 80 users. Through the use of the topics database, TC and program committee (PC) members can accomplish relevant tasks such as: to identify topic experts (for Aerospace America articles or external contacts), to determine the interest of its members, to identify overlapping topics between diverse TCs and PCs, to guide new member drives and to reveal emerging topics. This paper will describe the origins, inception, initial development, field test and current version of the tool as well as elucidate the benefits and insights gained by using the database to aid the management of various TC functions. Suggestions will be provided to guide future development of the database for the purpose of providing dynamics and system level benefits to AIAA that currently do not exist in any technical organization.

Marshall, Jospeh R.; Morris, Allan T.

2007-01-01

118

Additional EIPC Study Analysis: Interim Report on High Priority Topics  

SciTech Connect

Between 2010 and 2012 the Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) conducted a major long-term resource and transmission study of the Eastern Interconnection (EI). With guidance from a Stakeholder Steering Committee (SSC) that included representatives from the Eastern Interconnection States Planning Council (EISPC) among others, the project was conducted in two phases. Phase 1 involved a long-term capacity expansion analysis that involved creation of eight major futures plus 72 sensitivities. Three scenarios were selected for more extensive transmission- focused evaluation in Phase 2. Five power flow analyses, nine production cost model runs (including six sensitivities), and three capital cost estimations were developed during this second phase. The results from Phase 1 and 2 provided a wealth of data that could be examined further to address energy-related questions. A list of 13 topics was developed for further analysis; this paper discusses the first five.

Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-11-01

119

SETI: A good introductory physics topic  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

If America is to achieve the science literacy that is essential to industrialized democracy, all students must study such topics as scientific methodology, pseudoscience, ozone depletion, and global warming. My large-enrollment liberal-arts physics course covers the great principles of physics along with several such philosophical and societal topics. It is easy to include the interdisciplinary context of physics in courses for non-scientists, because these courses are flexible, conceptual, and taught to students whose interests span a broad range. Students find these topics relevant and fascinating, leading to large enrollments by non-scientists even in courses labeled ''physics.'' I will discuss my approach to teaching the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence (SETI), a topic with lots of good physics and with connections to scientific methodology and pseudoscience. A textbook for this kind of course has been published, Physics: Concepts and Connections (Prentice-Hall, 1995).

Hobson, Art

1997-04-01

120

Topical delivery of antioxidants.  

PubMed

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and free radicals have been implicated in a number of diseases and disorders, and the skin, for its localization, is exposed to a large number of environmental threats. Free radical scavengers and antioxidants have thus been proposed as protective or therapeutic agents against ROS-mediated injuries. Oral treatment with several antioxidants has been reported to provide skin protection against deleterious effects of ultraviolet radiation. Topical delivery of antioxidants has increasingly gained interest and development, especially by offering better targeting to the upper skin layer. However, the topical delivery of antioxidants for dermal action is a challenging research field since the molecules are, in general, susceptible to degradation. The search for a new delivery system that, simultaneously, preserves the antioxidant stability and enhances its deposition on the skin, opened a new chapter in drug delivery design. Nanocarriers have been successful in enhancing the clinical efficiency of several drugs. More recent approaches in modulating through the skin delivery led to the development of specialized nanoparticulated systems. The first part of this article presents a review of the potential of antioxidants as pharmacological agents in ROS related diseases, with a special focus on oxidative stress implicated skin pathologies: ROS formation and natural protection against ROS toxicity, ROS-mediated skin damage and skin protection by antioxidants. In the second part of this work, we present reported formulation strategies for dermal delivery of antioxidants focusing on the nanoparticulated systems developed in recent years. PMID:22313160

Ascenso, Andreia; Ribeiro, Helena Margarida; Marques, Helena Cabral; Simoes, Sandra

2011-11-01

121

Symbiosis: Rich, Exciting, Neglected Topic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the topic of symbiosis has been greatly neglected and underemphasized in general-biology textbooks. Discusses many types and examples of symbiosis, and provides an extensive bibliography of the literature related to this topic. (JR)

Rowland, Jane Thomas

1974-01-01

122

Australia's IT&T Future: A Strategic Analysis Report 1 July 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes the GartnerGroup's views on issues in the information technology and telecommunications (IT&T) industry debate in Australia. Topics include attracting overseas investment to create a globally competitive industry; the government's role; perceived problems; the Internet and electronic commerce; and future issues, including leadership.…

Australian Library Journal, 1998

1998-01-01

123

Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) Division of Economic Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the mission "to assure that futures markets operate competitively," the CFTC Division of Economic Analysis is a central source of commodity market surveillance, analysis, and research. Available publications include policy statements and reports on derivative markets, price differentials, agricultural trade options, and foreign competitiveness, among other topics. Weekly statistical data on open interest contracts is distributed on a bi-weekly basis via the Commitments of Traders (COT) Reports. Researchers may view the current compressed COT Report in "long" or "short" format and download historical data according to "Futures only" (1986 to present) or "Futures and Options Combined" (1995 to present) criteria.

1998-01-01

124

Hierarchical topic segmentation of websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we consider the problem of identifying and segmenting topically cohesive regions in the URL tree of a large website. Each page of the website is assumed to have a topic label or a distribution on topic labels generated using a standard classifier. We develop a set of cost measures characterizing the benefit accrued by introducing a segmentation

Ravi Kumar; Kunal Punera; Andrew Tomkins

2006-01-01

125

Jobs for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist women in selecting and preparing for occupations that will either be in demand or continue to be in demand in the future. The first part is a guide to evaluating an occupation. It covers the following topics: costs and benefits (skills needed, training requirements, availability of training, costs of training,…

Business and Professional Women's Foundation, Washington, DC.

126

Topic Classification for Suicidology  

E-print Network

Computational techniques for topic classification can support qualitative research by automatically applying labels in preparation for qualitative analyses. This paper presents an evaluation of supervised learning techniques applied to one such use case, namely that of labeling emotions, instructions and information in suicide notes. We train a collection of one-versus-all binary support vector machine classifiers, using cost-sensitive learning to deal with class imbalance. The features investigated range from simple bag-of-words and n-grams over stems, to information drawn from syntactic dependency analysis and WordNet synonym sets. The experimental results are complemented by an analysis of systematic errors in both the output of our system and the gold-standard annotations. 1

Jonathon Read; Erik Velldal; Lilja Øvrelid

127

University of Iowa Hospitals Health Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by staff members at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, the materials on this website include articles and patient guides that cover health topics such as colon cancer, burn care, ear health, and eating disorders. The page is part of their larger health library site, and visitors can scroll through the topic list here, which includes over two dozen headings. One rather nice section is the "Healthy Recipes" area, which features breakfast recipes for items like buckwheat pancakes and banana nut bread. Visitors also shouldn't forget to look at the "Sports Medicine" area where they will find answers to commonly asked questions about torn ankle ligaments and ACL problems.

2011-07-01

128

University of Iowa Hospitals Health Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by staff members at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, the materials on this website include articles and patient guides that cover health topics such as colon cancer, burn care, ear health, and eating disorders. The page is part of their larger health library site, and visitors can scroll through the topic list here, which includes over two dozen headings. One rather nice section is the "Healthy Recipes" area, which features breakfast recipes for items like buckwheat pancakes and banana nut bread. Visitors also shouldn't forget to look at the "Sports Medicine" area where they will find answers to commonly asked questions about torn ankle ligaments and ACL problems.

129

Evaluating supervised topic models in the presence of OCR errors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supervised topic models are promising tools for text analytics that simultaneously model topical patterns in document collections and relationships between those topics and document metadata, such as timestamps. We examine empirically the effect of OCR noise on the ability of supervised topic models to produce high quality output through a series of experiments in which we evaluate three supervised topic models and a naive baseline on synthetic OCR data having various levels of degradation and on real OCR data from two different decades. The evaluation includes experiments with and without feature selection. Our results suggest that supervised topic models are no better, or at least not much better in terms of their robustness to OCR errors, than unsupervised topic models and that feature selection has the mixed result of improving topic quality while harming metadata prediction quality. For users of topic modeling methods on OCR data, supervised topic models do not yet solve the problem of finding better topics than the original unsupervised topic models.

Walker, Daniel; Ringger, Eric; Seppi, Kevin

2013-01-01

130

Topics in statistical mechanics  

SciTech Connect

This thesis deals with four independent topics in statistical mechanics: (1) the dimer problem is solved exactly for a hexagonal lattice with general boundary using a known generating function from the theory of partitions. It is shown that the leading term in the entropy depends on the shape of the boundary; (2) continuum models of percolation and self-avoiding walks are introduced with the property that their series expansions are sums over linear graphs with intrinsic combinatorial weights and explicit dimension dependence; (3) a constrained SOS model is used to describe the edge of a simple cubic crystal. Low and high temperature results are derived as well as the detailed behavior near the crystal facet; (4) the microscopic model of the lambda-transition involving atomic permutation cycles is reexamined. In particular, a new derivation of the two-component field theory model of the critical behavior is presented. Results for a lattice model originally proposed by Kikuchi are extended with a high temperature series expansion and Monte Carlo simulation. 30 references.

Elser, V.

1984-05-01

131

Discovering health topics in social media using topic models.  

PubMed

By aggregating self-reported health statuses across millions of users, we seek to characterize the variety of health information discussed in Twitter. We describe a topic modeling framework for discovering health topics in Twitter, a social media website. This is an exploratory approach with the goal of understanding what health topics are commonly discussed in social media. This paper describes in detail a statistical topic model created for this purpose, the Ailment Topic Aspect Model (ATAM), as well as our system for filtering general Twitter data based on health keywords and supervised classification. We show how ATAM and other topic models can automatically infer health topics in 144 million Twitter messages from 2011 to 2013. ATAM discovered 13 coherent clusters of Twitter messages, some of which correlate with seasonal influenza (r = 0.689) and allergies (r = 0.810) temporal surveillance data, as well as exercise (r = ?.534) and obesity (r = ?-.631) related geographic survey data in the United States. These results demonstrate that it is possible to automatically discover topics that attain statistically significant correlations with ground truth data, despite using minimal human supervision and no historical data to train the model, in contrast to prior work. Additionally, these results demonstrate that a single general-purpose model can identify many different health topics in social media. PMID:25084530

Paul, Michael J; Dredze, Mark

2014-01-01

132

Topical negative pressure therapy: current concepts and practice.  

PubMed

Research into topical negative pressure therapy (TNPT) started in 1989 with Dr Louis Argenta and Prof Michael Morykwas of Wake Forest University School of Medicine in North Carolina, USA. In 1997, Morykwas and Argenta concluded that TNPT both enhanced granulation tissue formation and helped bacterial clearance, through the actions of negative pressure Armstrong and Lavery confirmed this in 2005, concluding that TNPT therapy was promoting the development of granulation tissue. Numerous other studies have proved that TNPT is beneficial for a myriad of other wounds including: sternotomy wounds, extensive de-gloving injuries, various soft tissue injuries prior to surgical closure, skin grafting, pressure sores, leg ulcers, sacral pressure ulcers, acute traumatic soft tissue defects, and soft tissue defects following rigid stabilisation of lower extremity fractures. This review aims to summarise the clinical and scientific concepts of TNPT and its future applications. PMID:23162996

Malahias, M; Hindocha, S; Saedi, F; McArthur, P

2012-10-01

133

Throughput analysis of production systems: recent advances and future topics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughput analysis is important for the design, operation and management of production systems. A substantial amount of research has been devoted to developing analytical methods to estimate the throughput of production systems with unreliable machines and finite buffers. In this paper we summarise the recent studies in this area. In addition to the performance evaluation of serial lines, approximation methods

Jingshan Li; Dennis E. Blumenfeld; Ningjian Huang; Jeffrey M. Alden

2009-01-01

134

MBA Special Topic Course Descriptions Financial Security Analysis  

E-print Network

disciplines to see how changes in one area affect the growth of the company as a whole. Thus, this course faced by management. Some of the topics covered will include: Topics covered will include: *Mergers and Acquisitions *Leasing *Project Finance *The Art of Negotiating *Securities Industry *leadership skills

Lin, Xiaodong

135

Quark-gluon plasma (Selected Topics)  

SciTech Connect

Introductory lectures to the theory of (strongly interacting) quark-gluon plasma given at the Winter School of Physics of ITEP (Moscow, February 2010). We emphasize theoretical issues highlighted by the discovery of the low viscosity of the plasma. The topics include relativistic hydrodynamics, manifestations of chiral anomaly in hydrodynamics, superfluidity, relativistic superfluid hydrodynamics, effective stringy scalars, holographic models of Yang-Mills theories.

Zakharov, V. I., E-mail: vzakharov@itep.ru [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2012-09-15

136

HOT RESEARCH TOPICS FOR LEAD CONTROL  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation is a review of important new concepts and research results that state regulators, utilities and consultants should be aware of. The topics covered include sampling issues, importance of oxidants to lead and copper levels, Pb(IV) occurrence and implications, unus...

137

Surfing the Net with Kids: Science Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This clearinghouse page provides links to hundreds of online science resources for children. It is arranged by topic: animals, experiments, space, the human body, Earth sciences, and "other science." Materials include activities and experiments, games and puzzles, graphic materials, webcams, and many other kinds of resources.

Feldman, Barbara J.

2002-07-15

138

The Effects of Projected Future Demand Including Very Light Jet Air-Taxi Operations on U.S. National Airspace System Delays as a Function of Next Generation Air Transportation System Airspace Capacity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents the results from a study which investigates the potential effects of the growth in air traffic demand including projected Very Light Jet (VLJ) air-taxi operations adding to delays experienced by commercial passenger air transportation in the year 2025. The geographic region studied is the contiguous United States (U.S.) of America, although international air traffic to and from the U.S. is included. The main focus of this paper is to determine how much air traffic growth, including VLJ air-taxi operations will add to enroute airspace congestion and determine what additional airspace capacity will be needed to accommodate the expected demand. Terminal airspace is not modeled and increased airport capacity is assumed.

Smith, Jerry; Viken, Jeff; Dollyhigh, Samuel; Trani, Antonio; Baik, Hojong; Hinze, Nicholas; Ashiabor, Senanu

2007-01-01

139

Introduction to Topic Eugene Weinstein  

E-print Network

with topic boundaries and/or identities. 2 #12;Topic Modeling · Idea: find low-dimensional descriptions to two state-of-the art IR systems 6 X ^X = TSD ^X ^X = TS2 T ^X ^X = DS2 D ^X ^X #12;Indexing Results to topic. here has been a substantial body of work trying to discover the be onditional distribution of P

Mohri, Mehryar

140

Composition for topical application to skin  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A composition for topical application to an animal's skin for relief from a variety of symptoms caused by medical conditions or physical injuries. The composition includes at least one compound having analgesic activity, at least one compound having anti-inflammatory activity, at least one compound having antioxidant activity, at least one compound having anti-neuralgic activity, at least one compound having blood circulation promotion activity, and at least one compound having antidepressant activity. A method for relieving pain by topical application of the composition is also provided.

2003-06-17

141

Mining nonterrestrial resources: Information needs and research topics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An outline of topics we need to understand better in order to apply mining technology to a nonterrestrial environment is presented. The proposed list is not intended to be complete. It aims to identify representative topics that suggest productive research. Such research will reduce the uncertainties associated with extrapolating from conventional earthbound practice to nonterrestrial applications. One objective is to propose projects that should put future discussions of nonterrestrial mining on a firmer, less speculative basis.

Daemen, Jaak J. K.

1992-01-01

142

Topicality 1 and Topicality 2: A Quest for True Meaning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The actual nature of topicality as it is presented in intercollegiate debate rounds has become so split that there are two different types of topicality. The first type (T1) is a "real" argument that is subjective, intentional, absolute, jurisdictional, pragmatic, and focuses on content and product. The second type (T2) is strategic, objective,…

Olson, Clark D.; Vasilius, Janet M.

143

Prevention & Detection Topics  

Cancer.gov

Links to information on prevention and detection of specific cancers, including breast, cervical, colorectal, endometrial, esophageal, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate, skin, and stomach. Links within DCP and throughout NCI offer details on genetic factors, causes, screening, key trials and contacts.

144

1077-2626/13/$31.00 2013 IEEE Published by the IEEE Computer Society Accepted for publication by IEEE. 2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, includ  

E-print Network

for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/ republishing this material parameters. The gain in performance allows for a larger number of cycles in the optimization process distinguishable from surrounding soft tissue in the images. They are mandatory for imag- ing of weight

Andrzejak, Artur

145

Advanced Topics in Photorealistic Graphics  

E-print Network

simulations Image-based rendering Other advanced topics Global Illumination Input: 3D scene model (geometry morphing 3D warping Layered depth images Light-field rendering Other Advanced Topics Precomputed radiance tracing or Photon maps 3D image warping Work in teams Using existing code/libraries #12;

Lischinski, Dani

146

Sensitive research topics: netnography revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper discusses how netnography can be applied in order to conduct covert research on sensitive research topics. An analysis of a Danish internet message board on cosmetic surgery illustrates suggestions concerning modifications of netnography guidelines. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Owing to the relevance of studying sensitive research topics – in particular when access to informants is difficult – netnography

Roy Langer; Suzanne C. Beckman

2005-01-01

147

Event threading within news topics  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the overwhelming volume of online news available today, there is an increasing need for automatic techniques to analyze and present news to the user in a meaningful and efficient manner. Previous research focused only on organizing news stories by their topics into a flat hierarchy. We believe viewing a news topic as a flat collection of stories is too

Ramesh Nallapati; Ao Feng; Fuchun Peng; James Allan

2004-01-01

148

Topical Drug Treatment in Acne  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main part of acne treatment uses the topical route. More than 50% of acne patients belong to the group presenting with acne comedonica and papulopustulosa. Whenever small nodes or scarring occur, systemic comedication is indicated, however. Topical treatment affects at least three of the four main pathogenetic factors responsible for the development of acne, i.e. hyperseborrhea, hyperkeratosis, microbial colonization

H. Gollnick; M. Schramm

1998-01-01

149

Topical immunization strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has yielded an abundance of vaccine candidates against mucosal infections, but only few mucosal vaccines have been registered for human use. Extensive research is being carried out to identify new and safe adjuvants for mucosal immunization, novel delivery systems, including live vectors and reporter molecules for tissue- and cell-specific targeting of vaccine antigens. If these candidates are to reach

C Czerkinsky; J Holmgren

2010-01-01

150

Scorecard: Investigate Pollution Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users can search this site for information on environmental pollution in the areas where they live. The materials presented here include a pollution ranking that shows regions and companies with the worst environmental records, environmental justice analyses that identify which ethnic or income groups bear more than their share of environmental burdens, and a searchable listing of toxic chemicals.

151

Mapping Ethical Consumer Behavior: Integrating the Empirical Research and Identifying Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of “ethical consumer behavior” has gained significant attention among practitioners and academic researchers, generating increasing but disjointed knowledge on the topic. By analyzing the empirical research on ethical consumer behavior, this article provides researchers with a map to guide future research. In total, we review 80 studies. The main contributions of the article include the identification of the

Eleni Papaoikonomou; Gerard Ryan; Mireia Valverde

2011-01-01

152

Workshop on exotic hadronic atoms, deeply bound kaonic nuclear states and antihydrogen: present results, future challenges  

E-print Network

These are the miniproceedings of the workshop "Exotic hadronic atoms, deeply bound kaonic nuclear states and antihydrogen: present results, future challenges," which was held at the European Centre for Theoretical Nuclear Physics and Related Studies (ECT*), Trento (Italy), June 19-24, 2006. The document includes a short presentation of the topics, the list of participants, and a short contribution from each speaker.

Catalina Curceanu; Akaki Rusetsky; Eberhard Widmann

2006-10-16

153

When you look in your crystal ball, do you see a PSO in your future?  

PubMed

This is the first part of a two-part series on provider-sponsored organizations (PSOs) and what providers should consider before establishing one. The PSO regulations, which were not available at press time, will be discussed in a future issue. Other future topics will include an explanation of PSO solvency standards, tips on marketing a Medicare product, and information about why you need a compliance plan before starting a PSO. PMID:10181767

1998-05-01

154

Topical treatments of skin pain: a general review with a focus on hidradenitis suppurativa with topical agents.  

PubMed

Hidradenitis Supprurativa (HS) is a painful chronic follicular disease. Few papers have addressed pain control for this debilitating condition. Possible topical agents include tricyclic antidepressants, opioids, anticonvulsants, NSAIDs, NMDA receptor antagonists, local anesthetics and other agents. The first line agents for the topical treatment of the cutaneous pain of HS are diclonefac gel 1% and liposomal xylocaine 4% and 5% cream or 5% ointment. The chief advantage of topical xylocaine is that is quick acting i.e. immediate however with a limited duration of effect 1-2 hours. The use of topical ketamine, which blocks n-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in a non-competitive fashion, might be a useful tool for the treatment of HS pain. Topical doxepin, which available in a 5% commercially preparation (Zonalon®) , makes patients drowsy and is not useful for controlling the pain of HS . Doxepin is available in a 3% or 3.3% concentration (which causes less drowsiness) from compounding pharmacies and can be used in compounded analgesic preparations with positive effect. Topical doxepin is preferred over use of topical amitriptyline because topical doxepin is more effective. Nevertheless, topical amitriptyline increase of the tactile and mechanical nociceptive thresholds and can be used for topical pain control in compound mixture of analgesics . Gabapentin and pregablin can also be used compounded with other agents in topical analgesic preparations with positive topical anesthetic effect. Capsaicin is not useful for topical treatment of the pain of HS. Sometimes compounded of anesthetics medications such as ketamine 10%, bupivacaine 1%, diclofenac 3%, doxepin 3% or 3.3%, and gabapentin 6% can extend the duration of effect so that medication only needs to be used 2 or 3 times a day. Still in my experience the easiest to get and most patient requested agent is topical diclonefac 1% gel. PMID:25046456

Scheinfeld, Noah

2014-07-01

155

Phytopia: Special Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal site is based on the interactive, educational CD-ROM "Phytopia: Discovery of the Marine Ecosystem." It offers links to websites and lesson plans with in depth information about harmful algal blooms (HABs) and red tide causing algae. Links include general information, educational activities, a comprehensive NASA website which conforms to national education standards, online research data and methods, and marine food web information and activities. The CD-ROM is available cost-free to educators and can be ordered from the website (shipping charges may apply).

Laboratory, Bigelow; England, University O.; Laboratory, Nasa J.; Sciences, Bigelow L.

156

Topical and systemic photoprotection.  

PubMed

Sunscreens are a valuable method of sun protection. Several new compounds are now available. It is important to remember, however, that photoprotection includes more than the use of sunscreens. There are a number of sun-protective behaviors that people can use to decrease their exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Dermatologists and other health professionals can work toward changing public policy, greatly increasing the ability of people to access shade. In addition, there is growing evidence about the effectiveness of other sun-protective agents. The only systemic medication for sun protection is beta-carotene, which is effective in erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP). PMID:12919121

Rosen, Cheryl F

2003-01-01

157

CDF Hot Topics  

SciTech Connect

We present recent CDF results based on approximately 1 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV delivered at Fermilab Tevatron. Results shown include the observation of the B{sub s} oscillation frequency, the first observation of bottom baryon {Sigma}{sub b}{sup (*){+-}} states, updates on B hadrons lifetimes, and searches for rare decays in the b {yields} s{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} transition and in charmless two-body B decays.

Casal, Bruno

2007-06-01

158

Topics in cancer risk assessment.  

PubMed Central

The estimation of carcinogenic risks from exposure to chemicals has become an integral part of the regulatory process in the United States within the past decade. With it have come considerable controversy and debate over the scientific merits and shortcomings of the methods and their impact on risk management decisions. In this paper we highlight selected topics of current interest in the debate. As an indication of the level of public concern, we note the major recent reports on risk assessment from the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S Environmental Protection Agency's proposed substantial revisions to its Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment. We identify and briefly frame several key scientific issues in cancer risk assessment, including the growing recognition of the importance of understanding the mode of action of carcinogenesis in experimental animals and in humans, the methodologies and challenges in quantitative extrapolation of cancer risks, and the question of how to assess and account for human variability in susceptibility to carcinogens. In addition, we discuss initiatives in progress that may fundamentally alter the carcinogenesis testing paradigm. PMID:9114281

Olin, S S; Neumann, D A; Foran, J A; Scarano, G J

1997-01-01

159

Future of color  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We live in a world in which styles and technologies are nearly the same from place to place, but change daily. This changing global culture is unprecedented, and reinforced by emerging new technologies that affect us all. The Future of Color, examines new technologies, how they will affect the selection and promulgation of color in the near future, and their impact upon us. We examine this topic from many perspectives - technological, business and commercial. Most importantly, as we understand how our world is emerging, we can position ourselves strategically for tomorrow.

Ladson, Jack A.; Turner, Laraine B.; Green-Armytage, Paul; Hunt, Robert W. G.

2002-06-01

160

Topical Steroid-Damaged Skin  

PubMed Central

Topical steroids, commonly used for a wide range of skin disorders, are associated with side effects both systemic and cutaneous. This article aims at bringing awareness among practitioners, about the cutaneous side effects of easily available, over the counter, topical steroids. This makes it important for us as dermatologists to weigh the usefulness of topical steroids versus their side effects, and to make an informed decision regarding their use in each individual based on other factors such as age, site involved and type of skin disorder.

Abraham, Anil; Roga, Gillian

2014-01-01

161

Systemic Absorption of Topical Tacrolimus in Pyoderma Gangrenosum  

Microsoft Academic Search

64 Letters to the Editor Sir, Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by painful ulcerations with purple edges. It is frequently associated with other diseases such as intestinal inflammatory diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, monoclonal gammopathies and other haematological di- seases. Treatment includes topical and systemic steroids, cyclosporine and other immunosuppressants. Several cases of PG treated with topical tacrolimus have

Gerard Pitarch; Arantxa Torrijos; Laura Mahiques; José Luís Sánchez-Carazo; José Miguel Fortea

162

Seven Methods for Helping College Freshmen to Find Theme Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven methods for helping students find theme topics are presented in this document. The methods include the following: setting up a library browsing table of records, books, and criticism related to the work of literature that is being studied; permitting students to choose topics based on observation of the surrounding community or reactions to…

Paulson, Peter

163

Summary of Selected Vision Topics  

E-print Network

This is an introduction to some of the MIT AI vision work of the last few years. The topics discussed are 1) Waltz's work on line drawing semantics, 2) heterarchy, 3) the ancient learning business and 4) copying scenes. ...

Winston, Patrick H.

164

CDF hot topics  

SciTech Connect

After an introduction on the peculiarities of flavor-physics measurements at a hadron collider, and on the upgraded Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF II), I show recent results on two-body B{sup 0} and B{sub s}{sup 0} decays into charged, pseudo-scalar, charmless mesons or into muons, to illustrate how the .avor physics program at CDF is competitive with (in B{sup 0} decays) and complementary (in B{sub s}{sup 0} decays) to B-factories. Results shown include the new measurement of the CP-violating asymmetry in B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decays, the first measurement of the time-evolution of B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} decays, and the world best limits on the decay rates of rare B{sub (s)}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} modes.

Tonelli, Diego

2006-05-01

165

Family Counseling and Therapy: Major Issues and Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six chapters of this book on family counseling and therapy focus on healthy family functioning; marriage and family counseling theories; the practice of marriage and family counseling; training marriage and family counselors/therapists; issues and topics in family therapy; and images and projections for the future. The 33 articles distributed…

Smith, Robert L.; Stevens-Smith, Patricia

166

Future challenges of NEPA: A panel discussion  

SciTech Connect

One portion of a plenary session during the conference was a forum on The Future Challenges of NEPA.'' The session was a panel discussion. Each of the panelists was to spent 10 to 15 minutes talking about their observations on how NEPA is operating, some of the trends they observed, and how they thought NEPA might change in the future. Topics discussed in this forum included Congressional proposals to amend NEPA; possible changes at the CEQ; post-decision monitoring, mitigation, and follow-up studies; applicability of NEPA to international actions of the US government; assessment of global change impacts; and the relationship between NEPA and state little NEPA'' laws. The individual presentations and the subsequent discussion are described in this paper. 5 refs.

Smith, E.D.

1989-01-01

167

Future Spacelift Requirements Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study addresses future space applications and the derived requirements these potential applications will have on future spacelift systems. This NASA sponsored activity is a comprehensive study of potential missions including those of the military, civil, and commercial users. The study objectively evaluated the key architectural requirements for future launch systems. The results of this study are technical, economic, and policy analyses of future spacelift systems. It is intended to assist NASA and DOD decision-makers in planning technical investments and establishing policy for future U.S. spacelift systems.

1997-01-01

168

NEW COURSE OFFERED FALL 2014 Special Topics in Anthropology  

E-print Network

NEW COURSE OFFERED FALL 2014 Special Topics in Anthropology (ANTH 395) Salmon and People Instructor speakers, activities, and exhibits at the Museum of Anthropology. This innovative course fields, including anthropology, fisheries science/ management, Native American studies, and wildlife

Collins, Gary S.

169

TOPIC  

Cancer.gov

REAPS (Rapid Eating Assessment for Participants - Shortened Version) CJSegal-Isaacson, EdD RD, Judy-Wylie-Rosett, EdD RD, Kim Gans, PhD, MPH In an average week, how often do you: Usually/ Often Sometimes Rarely/ Never Does not apply to me

170

Topics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column discusses problems involving a paper folding game for bicimals, the sum of exterior angles of polygons and polyhedra, solving quadratic equations in finite arithmetics, nomograms, and cube folding patterns. (DT)

Mathematics Teaching, 1972

1972-01-01

171

Topics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems involving divisibility, the ten coin triangle, five times a week with 4 D, a nomogram for the lens formula, the box and ladder problem, chains of circles, tessellating hexagons, topological woggles, and numbers of triangles are discussed. (CT)

Mathematics Teaching, 1971

1971-01-01

172

Letters to Future Generations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization), an organization composed of 188 Member States, attempts to contribute expertise across all of the sciences to enrich both today and tomorrow's world. In developing Letters to future generations, essays written by 22 world leaders and thinkers, UNESCO has done just that. Addressed to people living in 2050, the letters share reflections and concerns on topics ranging from beauty to biological infections. Kofi Annan, Secretary General of the UN, suggests "a culture of peace," while Rita Colwell, of the National Science Foundation, discusses the benefits of a diverse scientific culture, and Hubert Reeves, an astrophysicist, entreats us to be environmentally aware so we can ensure that a future generation will greet the 21st century. To paraphrase philosopher Fernando Savater, while UNESCO's Letters to future generations may not be a new idea, this "mental registry" is nonetheless thought-provoking.

1999-01-01

173

Topical corticosteroid addiction and phobia.  

PubMed

Corticosteroids, one of the most widely prescribed topical drugs, have been used for about six decades till date. However, rampant misuse and abuse down the years has given the drug a bad name. Topical steroid abuse may lead to two major problems which lie at the opposing ends of the psychosomatic spectrum. Topical steroid addiction, a phenomenon that came to be recognized about a decade after the introduction of the molecule is manifested as psychological distress and rebound phenomenon on stoppage of the drug. The rebound phenomenon, which can affect various parts of the body particularly the face and the genitalia has been reported by various names in the literature. TC phobia which lies at the opposite end of the psychiatric spectrum of steroid abuse has been reported particularly among parents of atopic children. Management of both conditions is difficult and frustrating. Psychological counseling and support can be of immense help in both the conditions. PMID:25284851

Ghosh, Aparajita; Sengupta, Sujata; Coondoo, Arijit; Jana, Amlan Kusum

2014-09-01

174

[Topical anaesthesia in cataract surgery].  

PubMed

Topical anaesthesia was introduced together with the establishment of modern cataract surgery as an operation in a closed system. Superficial anaesthesia by itself leads to a good analgesia in most cases. However, up to 30% of the patients feel uncomfortable or even experience pain during surgery. Superficial anaesthesia can be intensified with subconjunctival infiltration or by modifying the application forms such as sponges or gel. With the introduction of the intracameral anaesthesia in the 1990 s primarily with unpreserved lidocaine 1%, the efficacy of the topical anaesthesia was improved significantly. The combined topical anaesthesia plus intracameral lidocaine administration can be used as a routine method. A general anaesthesia care for premedication and monitoring during cataract surgery is useful since most cataract patients are of advanced age and frequently suffer from cardiovascular diseases. In almost 10% of the patients changes in cardiopulmonal comorbidities were observed and in 2.6% anaesthesia intervention was required. PMID:20706967

Pham, D-T; Castello, R

2010-08-01

175

Topical Corticosteroid Addiction and Phobia  

PubMed Central

Corticosteroids, one of the most widely prescribed topical drugs, have been used for about six decades till date. However, rampant misuse and abuse down the years has given the drug a bad name. Topical steroid abuse may lead to two major problems which lie at the opposing ends of the psychosomatic spectrum. Topical steroid addiction, a phenomenon that came to be recognized about a decade after the introduction of the molecule is manifested as psychological distress and rebound phenomenon on stoppage of the drug. The rebound phenomenon, which can affect various parts of the body particularly the face and the genitalia has been reported by various names in the literature. TC phobia which lies at the opposite end of the psychiatric spectrum of steroid abuse has been reported particularly among parents of atopic children. Management of both conditions is difficult and frustrating. Psychological counseling and support can be of immense help in both the conditions.

Ghosh, Aparajita; Sengupta, Sujata; Coondoo, Arijit; Jana, Amlan Kusum

2014-01-01

176

Combining Chemistry and Music to Engage Student Interest: Using Songs to Accompany Selected Chemical Topics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of recorded music to add interest to a variety of lecture topics is described. Topics include the periodic table, the formation of ionic compounds, thermodynamics, carbohydrates, nuclear chemistry, and qualitative analysis. (Contains 1 note.)

Last, Arthur M.

2009-01-01

177

VMC 913/CBS 610,810 -Special Topics in Theriogenology II Spring Semester, 2013  

E-print Network

semester hour Overarching topics discussed will include: Topic Non-infectious Causes of Infertility Bacterial Causes of Infertility Viral Causes of Infertility Bacterial Causes of Abortion/Perinatal Death

Langerhans, Brian

178

Topical therapies in hyperhidrosis care.  

PubMed

Primary focal hyperhidrosis affects 3% of the US population; about the same number as psoriasis. More than half of these patients have primary focal axillary hyperhidrosis: sweating that is beyond what is anticipated or necessary for thermoregulation. Most topical therapies are based on aluminum salts, which work by a chemical reaction that forms plugs in the eccrine sweat ducts. Topical anticholinergics may also be used. Instruction on proper methods and timing of antiperspirants enhances effect and may be effective alone or in combination with other treatments in patients with hyperhidrosis. PMID:25152341

Pariser, David M; Ballard, Angela

2014-10-01

179

Using NASA Space Imaging Technology to Teach Earth and Sun Topics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We teach an experimental college-level course, directed toward elementary education majors, emphasizing "hands-on" activities that can be easily applied to the elementary classroom. This course, Physics 240: "The Sun-Earth Connection" includes various ways to study selected topics in physics, earth science, and basic astronomy. Our lesson plans and EPO materials make extensive use of NASA imagery and cover topics about magnetism, the solar photospheric, chromospheric, coronal spectra, as well as earth science and climate. In addition we are developing and will cover topics on ecosystem structure, biomass and water on Earth. We strive to free the non-science undergraduate from the "fear of science" and replace it with the excitement of science such that these future teachers will carry this excitement to their future students. Hands-on experiments, computer simulations, analysis of real NASA data, and vigorous seminar discussions are blended in an inquiry-driven curriculum to instill confident understanding of basic physical science and modern, effective methods for teaching it. The course also demonstrates ways how scientific thinking and hands-on activities could be implemented in the classroom. We have designed this course to provide the non-science student a confident basic understanding of physical science and modern, effective methods for teaching it. Most of topics were selected using National Science Standards and National Mathematics Standards that are addressed in grades K-8. The course focuses on helping education majors: 1) Build knowledge of scientific concepts and processes; 2) Understand the measurable attributes of objects and the units and methods of measurements; 3) Conduct data analysis (collecting, organizing, presenting scientific data, and to predict the result); 4) Use hands-on approaches to teach science; 5) Be familiar with Internet science teaching resources. Here we share our experiences and challenges we face while teaching this course.

Verner, E.; Bruhweiler, F. C.; Long, T.

2011-12-01

180

Research Topics in Statistical Database Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report identifies research topics in statistical database management. These topics are grouped into four major areas: characteristics of statistical databases, functionality\\/usage, metadata, and logical models.

Dorothy E. Denning; Wesley Nicholson; Gordon Sande; Arie Shoshani

1983-01-01

181

Topical Knowledge and ESL Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effects of topical knowledge on ESL (English as a Second Language) writing performance in the English Language Proficiency Index (LPI), a standardized English proficiency test used by many post-secondary institutions in western Canada. The participants were 50 students with different levels of English proficiency…

He, Ling; Shi, Ling

2012-01-01

182

Topical semantics of twitter links  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twitter, a micro-blogging platform with an estimated 20 million unique monthly visitors and over 100 million registered users, offers an abundance of rich, structured data at a rate exceeding 600 tweets per second. Recent efforts to leverage this social data to rank users by quality and topical relevance have largely focused on the \\

Michael J. Welch; Uri Schonfeld; Dan He; Junghoo Cho

2011-01-01

183

Two topics in quantum chromodynamics  

SciTech Connect

The two topics are (1) estimates of perturbation theory coefficients for R(e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} hadrons), and (2) the virtual-photon structure function, with emphasis on the analytic behavior in its squared mass. 20 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Bjorken, J.D.

1989-12-01

184

TOPIC OF GENRES LITERATURE REVIEW  

E-print Network

practices of a genre refer to the sphere of art, music, literature or, in general, some communication mediaCOMMORG TOPIC OF GENRES LITERATURE REVIEW CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION TO GENRES [BY M.A. BOUDOURIDES GENRE AND REGISTER .................................................................5 1.3. DIGITAL

Boudourides, Moses A.

185

Student Presentations: Early Cosmology Topics  

E-print Network

Student Presentations: Early Cosmology Topics · Aboriginals · Neolithic Near-East (Catal Huyuk) · Neolithic Europe (Stonehenge) · Celtic Cosmology · Ancient Egyptians · Ancient Sumerians · Ancient Babylonians · Zarathustra & ancient Persia · Mani & Manicheism · Ancient Chinese Cosmology · Hindu Cosmology

Weijgaert, Rien van de

186

VGSS Programme Teacher Topic Estimated  

E-print Network

VGSS ­ Programme Teacher Topic Estimated time (hours) Recommended literature Necessary equipment Depending on the size of the group 1 PC for 2 students, Beamer Joachim Dippner Climate Variability University, Biological Oceanography Lab work: PC, microscope and materials Long Bui Hong Mau Le Dinh Fronts

Dippner, Joachim W.

187

Vital Topics in School Finance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to determine the topics considered vital by principals and members of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA) is described in this paper. Questionnaires mailed to two random samples of 61 AEFA members and 181 elementary/secondary principals respectively, yielded 35 returns, a 57 percent response rate, and 113 returns, a 62…

Garber, Darrell H.

188

Topics in optics and music  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the use of optics in the playback of music has been a tremendously successful technology and laser light shows are a common occurrence, other intersections of optics and music tend to be less well known. Topics such as optics-based instruments, performance tools and effects, instrument characterization and manufacturing, recording, playback, and signal processing are explored.

Sparks, Andrew W.

2012-10-01

189

Seven topics in perturbative QCD  

SciTech Connect

The following topics of perturbative QCD are discussed: (1) deep inelastic scattering; (2) higher order corrections to e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation, to photon structure functions and to quarkonia decays; (3) higher order corrections to fragmentation functions and to various semi-inclusive processes; (4) higher twist contributions; (5) exclusive processes; (6) transverse momentum effects; (7) jet and photon physics.

Buras, A.J.

1980-09-01

190

Current Topics Grand Ambitions Drive  

E-print Network

Current Topics Grand Ambitions Drive Early "Baby Steps" In Synthetic Biology With synthetic biology has had its hype phase; it's time to de- liver." Hype, in a way, continues to drive synthetic is not well understood, and that con- text changes most of the time--during experiments, adaptation occurs

Collins, James J.

191

Topic in Depth - Animal Reproduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Topic in Depth takes a look at organizations and educational websites concerned with reproduction in humans and other animals. In this folder, you'll find information about fertility, embryology, reproductive biology, and immunology from a variety of societies and institutions.

2010-09-14

192

Topics in Biomedical Optics: Introduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of biomedical optics is experiencing tremendous growth. Biomedical technologies contribute in the creation of devices used in healthcare of various specialties (ophthalmology, cardiology, anesthesiology, and immunology, etc.). Recent research in biomedical optics is discussed. Overviews of meetings held at the 2002 Optical Society of America Biomedical Topical Meetings are presented.

Hebden, Jeremy C.; Boas, David A.; George, John S.; Durkin, Anthony J.

2003-06-01

193

Futurity.org  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research news from leading universities in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. A free online resource updated frequently, with engaging, plain-speaking presentations meant for the general public as well as researchers and professionals. Topic areas include Earth & Environment, Health & Medicine, Science & Design, Society & Culture. There are links to science-related blogs.

194

On the Future of American Higher Education: A Bibliography of Clark Kerr. Public Administration Series: Bibliography P-1033.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A bibliography of publications authored, coauthored, or edited by Clark Kerr on the future of American higher education is presented. The specific topics of the publications, which cover 1939-1981, include the following: the failure of academic reform in the United States and Western Europe, changes and challenges ahead for community colleges,…

Quay, Richard H.

195

Internship Contract (Includes Practicum)  

E-print Network

Internship Contract (Includes Practicum) Student's name-mail: _________________________________________ Internship Agency Contact Agency Name: ____________________________________ Address-mail: __________________________________________ Location of Internship, if different from Agency: ________________________________________________ Copies

Thaxton, Christopher S.

196

Future perspectives on space psychology: Recommendations on psychosocial and neurobehavioural aspects of human spaceflight  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently the psychological effects of space flight have gained in attention. In uncovering the psychological challenges that individuals and teams can face, we need research options that integrate psychosocial aspects with behavioral, performance, technical and environmental issues. Future perspectives in Space Psychology and Human Spaceflight are reviewed in this paper. The topics covered include psychosocial and neurobehavioural aspects, neurocognitive testing tools, decision making, autonomy and delayed communications, well being, mental health, situational awareness, and methodology. Authors were members of a European Space Agency (ESA) Research Topical Team on Psychosocial and Behavioral Aspects of Human Spaceflight. They discuss the different topics under a common perspective of a theoretical and practical framework, showing interactions, relationships and possible solutions for the different aspects and variables in play. Recommendations for every topic are offered and summarized for future research in the field. The different proposed research ideas can be accomplished using analogs and simulation experiments, short- and long-duration bed rest, and in-flight microgravity studies. These topics are especially important for future Moon and Mars mission design and training.

De La Torre, Gabriel G.; van Baarsen, Berna; Ferlazzo, Fabio; Kanas, Nick; Weiss, Karine; Schneider, Stefan; Whiteley, Iya

2012-12-01

197

Include folders ! Classic black  

E-print Network

credit card number and fax 24 hours a day. If faxing please do not mail the order. By Mail: Fill out.35% By Phone: 978-851-5924 - Please have credit card ready. By Fax: 978-851-8992 Fill out information, include the form, include payment by check or credit card (MasterCard, Visa, Discover or American Express) How

198

Incorporating topic information into sentiment analysis models  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports experiments in classifying texts based upon their favorability towards the subject of the text using a feature set enriched with topic information on a small dataset of music reviews hand-annotated for topic. The results of these experiments suggest ways in which incorporating topic information into such models may yield improvement over models which do not use topic

Tony Mullen; Nigel Collier

199

Eruptions of Mount St. Helens: Past, Present, and Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This on-line book, published by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), covers the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in Washington state. There is a discussion of the events leading up to the eruption, as well as an explanation of the mountain's volcanic history. Immediate effects are covered, including the ash falls, pyroclastic flows, and debris. Post-eruption topics include subsequent activity after the May 18th blast, comparison with other volcanoes, and possible future behavior. Additional reading resources are given for further reference.

Tilling, Robert; Swanson, Donald

200

A Review of Topical Diclofenac Use in Musculoskeletal Disease  

PubMed Central

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly prescribed medications for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in humans and its prevalence rises with age. Oral NSAIDs have potential associated toxicities that must be monitored for and can limit the use of these drugs in certain populations including people of older age. Topical NSAIDs are now being recognized as an option for the treatment strategy of osteoarthritis. We review the efficacy and safety of one of the most common topical NSAIDS, topical diclofenac, for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

Nair, Bindu; Taylor-Gjevre, Regina

2010-01-01

201

Selected topics in robotics for space exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Papers and abstracts included represent both formal presentations and experimental demonstrations at the Workshop on Selected Topics in Robotics for Space Exploration which took place at NASA Langley Research Center, 17-18 March 1993. The workshop was cosponsored by the Guidance, Navigation, and Control Technical Committee of the NASA Langley Research Center and the Center for Intelligent Robotic Systems for Space Exploration (CIRSSE) at RPI, Troy, NY. Participation was from industry, government, and other universities with close ties to either Langley Research Center or to CIRSSE. The presentations were very broad in scope with attention given to space assembly, space exploration, flexible structure control, and telerobotics.

Montgomery, Raymond C. (editor); Kaufman, Howard (editor)

1993-01-01

202

Do scientists trace hot topics?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Do scientists follow hot topics in their scientific investigations? In this paper, by performing analysis to papers published in the American Physical Society (APS) Physical Review journals, it is found that papers are more likely to be attracted by hot fields, where the hotness of a field is measured by the number of papers belonging to the field. This indicates that scientists generally do follow hot topics. However, there are qualitative differences among scientists from various countries, among research works regarding different number of authors, different number of affiliations and different number of references. These observations could be valuable for policy makers when deciding research funding and also for individual researchers when searching for scientific projects.

Wei, Tian; Li, Menghui; Wu, Chensheng; Yan, Xiao-Yong; Fan, Ying; di, Zengru; Wu, Jinshan

2013-07-01

203

Do scientists trace hot topics?  

PubMed Central

Do scientists follow hot topics in their scientific investigations? In this paper, by performing analysis to papers published in the American Physical Society (APS) Physical Review journals, it is found that papers are more likely to be attracted by hot fields, where the hotness of a field is measured by the number of papers belonging to the field. This indicates that scientists generally do follow hot topics. However, there are qualitative differences among scientists from various countries, among research works regarding different number of authors, different number of affiliations and different number of references. These observations could be valuable for policy makers when deciding research funding and also for individual researchers when searching for scientific projects. PMID:23856680

Wei, Tian; Li, Menghui; Wu, Chensheng; Yan, Xiao-Yong; Fan, Ying; Di, Zengru; Wu, Jinshan

2013-01-01

204

Ethical Use of Topical Corticosteroids  

PubMed Central

Dermatologists rely very heavily on corticosteroids for treating many common dermatoses. Concerns about their incorrect use are widely expressed both in lay public and specialist discourse. From the point of view of medical ethics, issues of autonomy, beneficence and non-maleficence are all raised frequently when we prescribe topical corticosteroids to our patients. We need to be aware of situations when conflicts between these issues arise and have a clear thought process about resolving them. This can only be achieved if we have a thorough understanding of the skin disease being treated coupled with expertise in the use of the varied potencies and available dosage forms of topical corticosteroids. A good understanding of human psychology and effective communication is also needed to use these agents optimally.

Saraswat, Abir

2014-01-01

205

Cushing's syndrome from topical glucocorticoids.  

PubMed

A case of Cushing's syndrome is described in a woman who self-treated psoriasis with a variety of potent topical glucocorticoids over 15 years. She was successfully weaned off corticosteroids and was treated with alternative anti-psoriatic drugs. The disappearance, nine months later, of most features of Cushing's syndrome, and the normal suppression of cortisol in response to dexamethasone, excluded endogenous hypercorticolism. The apparent widespread availability across the counter of potent corticosteroids is a cause for concern. PMID:8367969

Teelucksingh, S; Bahall, M; Coomansingh, D; Suite, M; Bartholomew, C

1993-06-01

206

Mathematics: Essays on Mathematical Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school and college students are the target audience of this outstanding math site. The main topics addressed in the nine essays are trigonometry, algebra, and basic calculus. The author does a good job of introducing new concepts and working through examples; however, statements are occasionally made without much justification. Students at the intended level probably do not need detailed proofs for these rare instances, and for the most part, the material is presented in a very organized and comprehensive matter.

207

Topical amitriptyline in healthy volunteers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Objectives: The antidepressant amitriptyline is used as an adjuvant in the treatment of a variety of chronic pain conditions. This drug interacts with many receptors and ion channels, such as Na+ channels. In a randomized, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled trial, we investigated whether amitriptyline also is capable of providing cutaneous analgesia when applied topically in 14 healthy volunteers.Methods: Amitriptyline

Peter Gerner; Grace Kao; Venkatesh Srinivasa; Sanjeet Narang; Ging Kuo Wang

2003-01-01

208

Topic Classification in Social Media Using Metadata from Hyperlinked Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social media presents unique challenges for topic classification, including the brevity of posts, the informal nature of conversations,\\u000a and the frequent reliance on external hyperlinks to give context to a conversation. In this paper we investigate the usefulness\\u000a of these external hyperlinks for determining the topic of an individual post. We focus specifically on hyperlinks to objects\\u000a which have related

Sheila Kinsella; Alexandre Passant; John G. Breslin

2011-01-01

209

Computation and Information Hierarchy for a Future Grid  

E-print Network

a set of research topics on the computation and information hierarchy for a future grid: 1. CloudComputation and Information Hierarchy for a Future Grid Future Grid Initiative White Paper Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12

210

A content analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender topics in multicultural education textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) topics in 12 popular multicultural education textbooks. Following a line?by?line analysis of each textbook, the findings report the extent to which LGBT topics were included in each text and the themes that became apparent in how LGBT topics were treated. The authors conclude with a discussion of the

Todd Jennings; Ian K. Macgillivray

2011-01-01

211

Incorporating Women and Crime Topics into Criminology Classes: Assignments, Exercises, and Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends a variety of books, assignments, exercises, and projects which can be incorporated into introductory criminology classes to compensate for the omission of topics on women and crime in textbooks and curricula. Includes a list of potential topics for writing assignments and a selection of films covering such topics as sexual harassment,…

Wright, Richard A.

1987-01-01

212

A Content Analysis of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Topics in Multicultural Education Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines the treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) topics in 12 popular multicultural education textbooks. Following a line-by-line analysis of each textbook, the findings report the extent to which LGBT topics were included in each text and the themes that became apparent in how LGBT topics were treated. The…

Jennings, Todd; Macgillivray, Ian K.

2011-01-01

213

Current Topics in Sports-related Head Injuries: A Review.  

PubMed

We review the current topic in sports-related head injuries including acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), concussion, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Sports-related ASDH is a leading cause of death and severe morbidity in popular contact sports like American football in the USA and judo in Japan. It is thought that rotational acceleration is most likely to produce not only cerebral concussion but also ASDH due to the rupture of a parasagittal bridging vein, depending on the severity of the rotational acceleration injury. Repeated sports head injuries increase the risk for future concussion, cerebral swelling, ASDH or CTE. To avoid fatal consequences or CTE resulting from repeated concussions, an understanding of the criteria for a safe post-concussion return to play (RTP) is essential. Once diagnosed with a concussion, the athlete must not be allowed to RTP the same day and should not resume play before the concussion symptoms have completely resolved. If brain damage has been confirmed or a subdural hematoma is present, the athlete should not be allowed to participate in any contact sports. As much remains unknown regarding the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of sports-related concussion, ASDH, and CTE, basic and clinical studies are necessary to elucidate the crucial issues in sports-related head injuries. PMID:25367588

Nagahiro, Shinji; Mizobuchi, Yoshifumi

2014-11-15

214

Topical Antimicrobials for Burn Infections – An Update  

PubMed Central

The relentless rise in antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria and fungi, coupled with the high susceptibility of burn wounds to infection, and the difficulty of systemically administered antibiotics to reach damaged tissue, taken together have made the development of novel topical antimicrobials for burn infections a fertile area of innovation for researchers and companies. We previously covered the existing patent literature in this area in 2010, but the notable progress made since then, has highlighted the need for an update to bring the reader up to date on recent developments. New patents in the areas of topically applied antibiotics and agents that can potentiate the action of existing antibiotics may extend their useful lifetime. Developments have also been made in biofilm-disrupting agents. Antimicrobial peptides are nature’s way for many life forms to defend themselves against attack by pathogens. Silver has long been known to be a highly active antimicrobial but new inorganic metal derivatives based on bismuth, copper and gallium have emerged. Halogens such as chlorine and iodine can be delivered by novel technologies. A variety of topically applied antimicrobials include chitosan preparations, usnic acid, ceragenins and XF porphyrins. Natural product derived antimicrobials such as tannins and essential oils have also been studied. Novel techniques to deliver reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in situ have been developed. Light-mediated techniques include photodynamic therapy, ultraviolet irradiation, blue light, low-level laser therapy and titania photocatalysis. Passive immunotherapy employs antibodies against pathogens and their virulence factors. Finally an interesting new area uses therapeutic microorganisms such as phages, probiotic bacteria and protozoa to combat infections. PMID:24215506

Sevgi, Mert; Toklu, Ani; Vecchio, Daniela; Hamblin, Michael R

2014-01-01

215

Topical antimicrobials for burn infections - an update.  

PubMed

The relentless rise in antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria and fungi, coupled with the high susceptibility of burn wounds to infection, and the difficulty of systemically administered antibiotics to reach damaged tissue, taken together have made the development of novel topical antimicrobials for burn infections a fertile area of innovation for researchers and companies. We previously covered the existing patent literature in this area in 2010, but the notable progress made since then, has highlighted the need for an update to bring the reader up to date on recent developments. New patents in the areas of topically applied antibiotics and agents that can potentiate the action of existing antibiotics may extend their useful lifetime. Developments have also been made in biofilm-disrupting agents. Antimicrobial peptides are nature's way for many life forms to defend themselves against attack by pathogens. Silver has long been known to be a highly active antimicrobial but new inorganic metal derivatives based on bismuth, copper and gallium have emerged. Halogens such as chlorine and iodine can be delivered by novel technologies. A variety of topically applied antimicrobials include chitosan preparations, usnic acid, ceragenins and XF porphyrins. Natural product derived antimicrobials such as tannins and essential oils have also been studied. Novel techniques to deliver reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in situ have been developed. Light-mediated techniques include photodynamic therapy, ultraviolet irradiation, blue light, low-level laser therapy and titania photocatalysis. Passive immunotherapy employs antibodies against pathogens and their virulence factors. Finally an interesting new area uses therapeutic microorganisms such as phages, probiotic bacteria and protozoa to combat infections. PMID:24215506

Sevgi, Mert; Toklu, Ani; Vecchio, Daniela; Hamblin, Michael R

2013-12-01

216

Including Jews in Multiculturalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses reasons for the lack of attention to Jews as an ethnic minority within multiculturalism both by Jews and non-Jews; why Jews and Jewish issues need to be included; and addresses some of the issues involved in the ethical treatment of Jewish clients. (Author)

Langman, Peter F.

1995-01-01

217

Wisconsin #include gcc  

E-print Network

above #include gcc ... ­lposix4 int sem_init(sem_t *sem, int pshared, unsigned int initial_value); initialize a semaphore (does not allocate memory) int sem_destroy(sem_t *sem); destroy a semaphore's state (does not free allocated memory) int sem_post(sem_t *sem); do an ``up'' or a ``V'' operation

Liblit, Ben

218

Future Studies and Environmental Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares and discusses implications of future scenarios proposed by Herman Kahn and the Hudson River Institute and by the Club of Rome. Includes a decision-tree exercise appropriate for the classroom which involves five different future scenarios. (DC)

Howard, Jeanne

1981-01-01

219

Systemic Change: Touchstones for the Future School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the current social and economic changes, American education must change in order to connect students to the future. This book is comprised of a collection of essays on the topic of systemic change in education. The book focuses on reform for the future by bringing together systems theory with detailed examples of strategies and cases that…

Jenlink, Patrick, Ed.

220

Grades 6 8 Scope and Sequence for Climate Change Compendium Topic Lesson Included  

E-print Network

, e 4, 8 Global Warming: How Hot? How Soon? #12;Sea Ice: Global Warming supplementary information Ice: Land and Sea Experimenting with Ice Melt 11: b 12: a, d 2: a, b 5: a 7: c 8: b The attached websites Ice Cores

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

221

Digital Arts The digital arts major offers coursework on a range of topics including  

E-print Network

Communications, Southeast Museum of Photography and Walt Disney World. After Stetson Diverse careers Digital arts Florida's growing digital media industry and world-famous tourism industry. Our relationship

Miles, Will

222

Periorbital muscle atrophy associated with topical bimatoprost therapy.  

PubMed

Topical Bimatoprost is a common and popular prostaglandin analog used as an ocular hypotensive agent in the treatment of glaucoma. Side effects include ocular hyperaemia, ocular pruritus, and periocular and iris pigmentary changes. Perioribital lipodystrophy is another well-documented outcome associated with chronic use of topical bimatoprost, which results in periorbital hallowing, upper eyelid sulcus deepening, eyelid retraction and enophthalmos. We report an unusual case of periocular muscle atrophy and weakness from unilateral topical bimatoprost use. Our patient had primary angle closure and experienced a right upper eyelid ptosis 2 months after she started to use topical bimatoprost in that eye. Clinical measurements of her eyelids clearly showed reduction in the function of her right levator muscle, suggesting that effects of topical bimatoprost may not be limited to periorbital fat. She was advised to stop topical bimatoprost and right ptosis correction surgery with levator muscle advancement was performed successfully. Ophthalmologists and patients should be aware of this potential rare side effect of topical bimatoprost, as it may be potentially disfiguring, especially with monocular use. However, its exact mechanism of action needs to be clarified further. PMID:24511225

Wang, Priscilla Xinhui; Koh, Victor Teck Chang; Cheng, Jin Fong

2014-01-01

223

Periorbital muscle atrophy associated with topical bimatoprost therapy  

PubMed Central

Topical Bimatoprost is a common and popular prostaglandin analog used as an ocular hypotensive agent in the treatment of glaucoma. Side effects include ocular hyperaemia, ocular pruritus, and periocular and iris pigmentary changes. Perioribital lipodystrophy is another well-documented outcome associated with chronic use of topical bimatoprost, which results in periorbital hallowing, upper eyelid sulcus deepening, eyelid retraction and enophthalmos. We report an unusual case of periocular muscle atrophy and weakness from unilateral topical bimatoprost use. Our patient had primary angle closure and experienced a right upper eyelid ptosis 2 months after she started to use topical bimatoprost in that eye. Clinical measurements of her eyelids clearly showed reduction in the function of her right levator muscle, suggesting that effects of topical bimatoprost may not be limited to periorbital fat. She was advised to stop topical bimatoprost and right ptosis correction surgery with levator muscle advancement was performed successfully. Ophthalmologists and patients should be aware of this potential rare side effect of topical bimatoprost, as it may be potentially disfiguring, especially with monocular use. However, its exact mechanism of action needs to be clarified further. PMID:24511225

Wang, Priscilla Xinhui; Koh, Victor Teck Chang; Cheng, Jin Fong

2014-01-01

224

Future of the geoscience profession  

SciTech Connect

I want to discuss the future of the energy industry and the geoscience profession. That`s you and me. Is there a future for us? Will there be a need for petroleum? What will we use for energy in the future? Over the past several years, those of us in the energy business have witnessed remarkable changes in our industry and our profession. We must be able to change with the conditions if we are to survive them. To do so, some idea of what the future holds is essential. I will discuss what that future may be and will cover these topics: world population and energy demand, exploration and production outlook, environmental considerations, geoscience demographics, education, technology, and government. Much of the statistical data and some of the projections I will discuss have been taken from the report of AAPG`s 21st Century Committee, of which I was a member.

Carleton, A.T.

1995-05-01

225

Topic in Depth - Cloud Seeding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Topic in Depth is about cloud seeding, a type of weather modification in which substances, such as silver iodide or dry ice, are added to the air in order to produce changes in the weather. Cloud seeding is most commonly used to increase precipitation, but may also be used to suppress certain weather patterns as well, such as hail and high winds. While there is some controversy about whether or not cloud seeding actually does produce more precipitation, it can be a highly useful tool for areas that have very arid conditions and need additional rainfall to help produce more viable crops and minimize drought-like conditions.

2010-09-09

226

Future Healthcare  

E-print Network

Patients want answers, not numbers. Evidence-based medicine must have numbers to generate answers. Therefore, analysis of numbers to provide answers is the Holy Grail of healthcare professionals and its future systems. ...

Datta, Shoumen

2010-12-15

227

High Priority Future Research Needs for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis and Treatment  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: To identify and prioritize future research needs (FRN) topics for diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: Twenty-one panel members represented six stake-holder categories: patients and the public, providers; purchasers of health care, payers, policymakers, and principal investigators. Building on a recently completed comparative effectiveness review, stakeholders nominated and discussed potential FRN topics. Stakeholders then nominated their top priority FRN topics based on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Effective Health Care Program Selection Criteria. From these nominations, the highest priority FRN topics were determined and were elaborated upon to include possible study designs to address the topics. Results: Thirty-seven topics were discussed and prioritized. The nine highest priority FRN topics included: cost-effectiveness of management strategies, defining age- and sex-specific criteria for OSA, evaluating routine preoperative screening for OSA, evaluating involvement of a sleep medicine specialist in diagnosis of OSA, evaluating clinical prediction rules, assessing the effect of treating sleep disordered breathing and long-term clinical outcomes, comparing treatments for patients who do not tolerate positive airway pressure, evaluating strategies to improve treatment compliance, and evaluating the association between sleep apnea severity and long-term clinical outcomes. Conclusions: While there are numerous specific research questions with low or insufficient strength of evidence for OSA management, OSA patients, their healthcare providers, and society at large would benefit from refocusing research efforts into the prioritized research questions and away from simple comparisons of short-term outcomes between specific interventions. Citation: Patel K; Moorthy D; Chan JA; Concannon TW. High priority future research needs for obstructive sleep apnea diagnosis and treatment. J Clin Sleep Med 2013;9(4):395-402. PMID:23585757

Patel, Kamal; Moorthy, Denish; Chan, Jeffrey A.; Concannon, Thomas W.; Ratichek, Sara J.; Chung, Mei; Balk, Ethan M.

2013-01-01

228

Mesoscale Aspects of Winter Weather Forecasting Topics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mesoscale Aspects of Winter Weather Forecasting effort is comprised of a growing series of in-depth case exercises bundled with supporting topics. This site provides access to the supporting topics seperate from the case exercises.

Comet

2003-10-12

229

Topical Acne Medication Can Clear Acne  

MedlinePLUS

... risk of possible side effects. Place all acne medication so that you see it everyday. Do you ... a medication will irritate your skin. Apply these medications — benzoyl peroxide, topical antibiotics, and topical retinoids — to ...

230

Experimental Evidence for Preschoolers' Mastery of "Topic"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the acquisition of the discourse/pragmatic notion of topic, based on an experimental task eliciting topic vs. focus subjects. In spoken French, these are obligatorily realized as dislocated vs. nondislocated noun phrases. The results provide overwhelming evidence for the early mastery of topic, even by the youngest children…

De Cat, Cecile

2009-01-01

231

Identifying Health-Related Topics on Twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health-related topics are difficult to identify in large conversational datasets like Twitter. This study examines how to model and discover public health topics and themes in tweets. Tobacco use is chosen as a test case to demonstrate the effectiveness of topic modeling via LDA across a large, representational dataset from the United States, as well as across a smaller

Kyle W. Prier; Matthew S. Smith; Christophe Giraud-Carrier; Carl L. Hanson

2011-01-01

232

Ten Critical Topics in Reproductive Medicine  

E-print Network

Ten Critical Topics in Reproductive Medicine Produced by the Science/AAAS Custom Publishing Office Sponsored by A Sponsored Supplement to Science Ten Critical Topics in Reproductive Medicine Produced Critical Topics in Reproductive Medicine, S. Sanders, Ed. (Science/AAAS, Washington, DC, 2013), pp. [xx

Napp, Nils

233

Topic distillation via sub-site retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Topic distillation is one of the main information needs when users search the Web. Previous approaches for topic dis- tillation treat single page as the basic searching unit, which has not fully utilized the structure information of the Web. In this paper, we propose a novel concept for topic distillation, named sub-site retrieval, in which the basic searching unit is

Tao Qin; Tie-yan Liu; Xu-dong Zhang; Guang Feng; De-sheng Wang; Wei-ying Ma

2007-01-01

234

Subject, topic and Sesotho passive.  

PubMed

Counter to findings in English, German and Hebrew, recent acquisition studies have shown that the passive is acquired early in several non-Indo-European languages. In an attempt to explain this phenomenon, this paper addresses certain typological phenomena which influence the early acquisition of passives in Sesotho, a southern Bantu language. After outlining the structure of the Sesotho passive and its syntactic and discourse functions, I examine Sesotho-speaking children's spontaneous use of passives, showing that the acquisition of passives in Sesotho is closely linked to the fact that Sesotho subjects must be discourse topics. I conclude that a detailed examination of how passive constructions interact with other components of a given linguistic system is critical for developing a coherent and universally applicable theory of how passives are acquired. PMID:2312646

Demuth, K

1990-02-01

235

Topical Immunotherapy in Alopecia Areata  

PubMed Central

Alopecia Areata (AA) is a common non-scarring alopecia directed against the anagenic hair follicle. Various treatment modalities have been used for the treatment of severe AA. Topical immunotherapy is the best documented treatment so far for severe and refractory AA. Dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB), squaric acid dibutylester (SADBE), and diphencyprone (DPCP) are the contact allergens used for this purpose. DNCB has been found to be mutagenic by the Ames test and is largely replaced by DPCP and SADBE. DPCP and SADBE are both known to be non-mutagenic compounds and have comparable efficacy results and relapse rates. SADBE requires special solvents and additives to maintain its potency and is more expensive than the rest. DPCP has a response rate varying from 60% in severe Alopecia Areata to 17% in patients with alopecia totalis or universalis, and shows about 88 to 100% high response rate in patients with patchy Alopecia Areata. PMID:21188022

Singh, Gurcharan; Lavanya, MS

2010-01-01

236

The Forgiving Building: A Library Building Consultants' Symposium on the Design, Construction, and Remodeling of Libraries to Support a High-Tech Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains contributions by seven library building consultants on designing a forgiving building, i.e., a building that can be modified easily and inexpensively to meet new conditions. Topics include (1) small library design; (2) academic library design; (3) adapting libraries to current and future needs; (4) designing space; (5) the changing…

Dahlgren, Anders C.; And Others

1987-01-01

237

The role of advanced technology in the future of the power generation industry  

SciTech Connect

This presentation reviews the directions that technology has given the power generation industry in the past and how advanced technology will be the key for the future of the industry. The topics of the presentation include how the industry`s history has defined its culture, how today`s economic and regulatory climate has constrained its strategy, and how certain technology options might give some of the players an unfair advantage.

Bechtel, T.F.

1994-10-01

238

``Family Guides" to Hot Topics in Space Science and Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have undertaken the development, field testing, and dissemination of a new series of "Family Guides" on hot topics in space science and astronomy. Each Guide includes an innovative collection of puzzles, pictures, poetry, and projects, all designed to stimulate enjoyable co-learning, inquiry-based experiences between kids aged 6-12 and the caring adults in their lives. Family Guides generally intend to raise awareness and understanding of Earth's place in the wondrous Universe in which we live. The Guides endeavor to be accessible to those who are not familiar with astronomy. They coach adults how to lead inquiry with kids without knowing all the answers. They provide background on questions commonly asked by children and they challenge common misconceptions. The Guides also provide leads to more information and useful products related to family learning. Guide content is related to national science education standards and is valuable to home-schooled students as well as to educators who run family education programs or after-school programs. Although primarily intended for use in informal educational settings, many classroom teachers have expressed interest in the Guide's activities as engagement pieces for more formal lessons. We released the field test version of the Family Guide to the Sun in late summer 2003. In December 2003 we released the field test version of the Family Guide to Mars in time for use with educational programs associated with the Mars Exploration Rover landings. Future projects include Guides to Saturn and to the Search for Life Elsewhere. This paper will provide details of the Guides' contents and early results from field testing in various educational settings. We are still exploring the best ways to publish and effectively disseminate the Guides.

Morrow, C. A.; Dyches, P.; Wilkerson, A. D.; McLain, B. D.; Garvin-Doxas, K.

2003-12-01

239

Biomedical applications reviewed: Hot topic areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Making reference to the British Journal of Radiology and competitor journal titles, we look at the general area of biomedical physics, reviewing some of the associated topics in ionising radiation research attracting interest over the past 2 years. We also reflect on early developments that have paved the way for these endeavours. The talk is illustrated by referring to a number of biomedical physics areas in which this group has been directly involved, including novel imaging techniques that address compositional and structural makeup as well as use of elastically scattered X-ray phase contrast, radiation damage linking to possible pericardial effects in radiotherapy, simulation of microvascularity and oxygenation with a focus of radiation resistant hypoxic tumours, issues of high spatial resolution dosimetry and tissue interface radiotherapy with doses enhanced through use of high atomic number photoelectron conversion media.

Bradley, D. A.; Wells, K.

2013-04-01

240

1IUCEE Workshop: VLSI Design, Day 5 Today's Topic: Research Topics  

E-print Network

1IUCEE Workshop: VLSI Design, Day 5 A. Mason July 2008 ·Today's Topic: Research Topics VLSI;4IUCEE Workshop: VLSI Design, Day 5 A. Mason July 2008 Research Topics Time permitting, we can discuss my · several current research topics ·Your job now · transfer what you have learned into your lives Session 4

Mason, Andrew

241

Innovation: Key to the future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Annual Report is presented. A description of research and development projects is included. Topics covered include: space science; space systems; transportation systems; astronomy and astrophysics; earth sciences; solar terrestrial physics; microgravity science; diagnostic and inspection system; information, electronic, and optical systems; materials and manufacturing; propulsion; and structures and dynamics.

1992-01-01

242

Arts Education: An ASCD Topic Pack. Revised for 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This topic pack, revised for 2000-2001, is designed to provide timely information on arts education. The topic pack includes the following: full-text articles from the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development's (ASCD) publications which have been carefully chosen and may include articles from "Educational Leadership" magazine,…

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA.

243

Current Topics Impact of Enzyme Motion on Activity  

E-print Network

Current Topics Impact of Enzyme Motion on Activity Sharon Hammes-Schiffer Department of Chemistry role in enzymatic reactions. Enzyme motion can influence both the activation free energy barrier of the relation between enzyme motion and activity. This approach includes both electronic and nuclear quantum

Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon

244

Admixture of Poisson MRFs: A Topic Model with Word Dependencies  

E-print Network

form system government south french km include mi national population water family modern found powerAdmixture of Poisson MRFs: A Topic Model with Word Dependencies David I. Inouye DINOUYE on an admixture of Poisson Markov Random Fields (APM), which can model dependencies between words as opposed

Ghosh, Joydeep

245

Future prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Analysed against the many problems facing the conservation of natural and semi-natural habitats on a world scale, future prospects\\u000a are laden with difficulties which it would be unrealistic to ignore. The continued demographic explosion in most underdeveloped\\u000a countries is leading to greater and greater pressures, which are eliminating valuable natural areas on an accelerating scale.\\u000a Fresh waters are particularly at

P. S. Maitland; N. C. Morgan

246

Constructing topic models of Internet of Things for information processing.  

PubMed

Internet of Things (IoT) is regarded as a remarkable development of the modern information technology. There is abundant digital products data on the IoT, linking with multiple types of objects/entities. Those associated entities carry rich information and usually in the form of query records. Therefore, constructing high quality topic hierarchies that can capture the term distribution of each product record enables us to better understand users' search intent and benefits tasks such as taxonomy construction, recommendation systems, and other communications solutions for the future IoT. In this paper, we propose a novel record entity topic model (RETM) for IoT environment that is associated with a set of entities and records and a Gibbs sampling-based algorithm is proposed to learn the model. We conduct extensive experiments on real-world datasets and compare our approach with existing methods to demonstrate the advantage of our approach. PMID:25110737

Xin, Jie; Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui; He, Tianxu; Li, Chunhua; Huang, Haojing

2014-01-01

247

Constructing Topic Models of Internet of Things for Information Processing  

PubMed Central

Internet of Things (IoT) is regarded as a remarkable development of the modern information technology. There is abundant digital products data on the IoT, linking with multiple types of objects/entities. Those associated entities carry rich information and usually in the form of query records. Therefore, constructing high quality topic hierarchies that can capture the term distribution of each product record enables us to better understand users' search intent and benefits tasks such as taxonomy construction, recommendation systems, and other communications solutions for the future IoT. In this paper, we propose a novel record entity topic model (RETM) for IoT environment that is associated with a set of entities and records and a Gibbs sampling-based algorithm is proposed to learn the model. We conduct extensive experiments on real-world datasets and compare our approach with existing methods to demonstrate the advantage of our approach. PMID:25110737

Xin, Jie; Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui; He, Tianxu; Li, Chunhua; Huang, Haojing

2014-01-01

248

Identifying Health-Related Topics on Twitter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public health-related topics are difficult to identify in large conversational datasets like Twitter. This study examines how to model and discover public health topics and themes in tweets. Tobacco use is chosen as a test case to demonstrate the effectiveness of topic modeling via LDA across a large, representational dataset from the United States, as well as across a smaller subset that was seeded by tobacco-related queries. Topic modeling across the large dataset uncovers several public health-related topics, although tobacco is not detected by this method. However, topic modeling across the tobacco subset provides valuable insight about tobacco use in the United States. The methods used in this paper provide a possible toolset for public health researchers and practitioners to better understand public health problems through large datasets of conversational data.

Prier, Kyle W.; Smith, Matthew S.; Giraud-Carrier, Christophe; Hanson, Carl L.

249

Selected topics of fluid mechanics  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The fundamental equations of fluid mechanics are specific expressions of the principles of motion which are ascribed to Isaac Newton. Thus, the equations which form the framework of applied fluid mechanics or hydraulics are, in addition to the equation of continuity, the Newtonian equations of energy and momentum. These basic relationships are also the foundations of river hydraulics. The fundamental equations are developed in this report with sufficient rigor to support critical examinations of their applicability to most problems met by hydraulic engineers of the Water Resources Division of the United States Geological Survey. Physical concepts are emphasized, and mathematical procedures are the simplest consistent with the specific requirements of the derivations. In lieu of numerical examples, analogies, and alternative procedures, this treatment stresses a brief methodical exposition of the essential principles. An important objective of this report is to prepare the user to read the literature of the science. Thus, it begins With a basic vocabulary of technical symbols, terms, and concepts. Throughout, emphasis is placed on the language of modern fluid mechanics as it pertains to hydraulic engineering. The basic differential and integral equations of simple fluid motion are derived, and these equations are, in turn, used to describe the essential characteristics of hydrostatics and piezometry. The one-dimensional equations of continuity and motion are defined and are used to derive the general discharge equation. The flow net is described as a means of demonstrating significant characteristics of two-dimensional irrotational flow patterns. A typical flow net is examined in detail. The influence of fluid viscosity is described as an obstacle to the derivation of general, integral equations of motion. It is observed that the part played by viscosity is one which is usually dependent on experimental evaluation. It follows that the dimensionless ratios known as the Euler, Froude, Reynolds, Weber, and Cauchy numbers are defined as essential tools for interpreting and using experimental data. The derivations of the energy and momentum equations are treated in detail. One-dimensional equations for steady nonuniform flow are developed, and the restrictions applicable to the equations are emphasized. Conditions of uniform and gradually varied flow are discussed, and the origin of the Chezy equation is examined in relation to both the energy and the momentum equations. The inadequacy of all uniform-flow equations as a means of describing gradually varied flow is explained. Thus, one of the definitive problems of river hydraulics is analyzed in the light of present knowledge. This report is the outgrowth of a series of short schools conducted during the spring and summer of 1953 for engineers of the Surface Water Branch, Water Resources Division, U. S. Geological Survey. The topics considered are essentially the same as the topics selected for inclusion in the schools. However, in order that they might serve better as a guide and outline for informal study, the arrangement of the writer's original lecture notes has been considerably altered. The purpose of the report, like the purpose of the schools which inspired it, is to build a simple but strong framework of the fundamentals of fluid mechanics. It is believed that this framework is capable of supporting a detailed analysis of most of the practical problems met by the engineers of the Geological Survey. It is hoped that the least accomplishment of this work will be to inspire the reader with the confidence and desire to read more of the recent and current technical literature of modern fluid mechanics.

Kindsvater, Carl E.

1958-01-01

250

Topics in strongly correlated electrons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The thesis is a collection of three topics connected together by the common themes of strong interactions, magnetism and quantum phases, such as the Aharonov-Bohm or Berry phase. The first part of the present dissertation discusses the possibility of examining microscopic origins of magnetism in strongly interacting systems by exploiting the setting of ultra-cold atomic gases in optical lattices. We discuss signatures of correlation in the trap, and propose an experiment to measure the phase diagram of itinerant magnetism directly. The second part focuses on the exotic phase of matter exhibiting the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect, which emerges when interacting particles are placed in a very strong magnetic field. We propose a trial ground state wave-function and prove that it is the unique highest density ground state of a well-motivated pseudo-potential Hamiltonian. The exchange statistics of quasiparticles are shown to be exotic, and overlaps with results of exact diagonalization are also discussed. The final part of the thesis studies frustrated magnetic systems, in which competing forces cannot not be satisfied simultaneously, doped with electrons. The interplay of frustration and itinerant behavior generates Berry phases associated with charge transport. We study the effects of these phases on electronic behavior, as well as the effect electrons have on the underlying magnetic textures. In the quasi-classical limit, we conjecture a field-driven metal-insulator transition, and discuss persistent currents arising in ground states selected by the presence of charge. In the quantum regime we derive the full Hamiltonian and discuss small fluctuations about the classical results.

Berdnikov, Ilya

251

Tracking topic birth and death in LDA.  

SciTech Connect

Most topic modeling algorithms that address the evolution of documents over time use the same number of topics at all times. This obscures the common occurrence in the data where new subjects arise and old ones diminish or disappear entirely. We propose an algorithm to model the birth and death of topics within an LDA-like framework. The user selects an initial number of topics, after which new topics are created and retired without further supervision. Our approach also accommodates many of the acceleration and parallelization schemes developed in recent years for standard LDA. In recent years, topic modeling algorithms such as latent semantic analysis (LSA)[17], latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA)[10] and their descendants have offered a powerful way to explore and interrogate corpora far too large for any human to grasp without assistance. Using such algorithms we are able to search for similar documents, model and track the volume of topics over time, search for correlated topics or model them with a hierarchy. Most of these algorithms are intended for use with static corpora where the number of documents and the size of the vocabulary are known in advance. Moreover, almost all current topic modeling algorithms fix the number of topics as one of the input parameters and keep it fixed across the entire corpus. While this is appropriate for static corpora, it becomes a serious handicap when analyzing time-varying data sets where topics come and go as a matter of course. This is doubly true for online algorithms that may not have the option of revising earlier results in light of new data. To be sure, these algorithms will account for changing data one way or another, but without the ability to adapt to structural changes such as entirely new topics they may do so in counterintuitive ways.

Wilson, Andrew T.; Robinson, David Gerald

2011-09-01

252

Topic Map for Medical E-Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents original ways of using a modern concept - topic map - in medical e-learning. The topic map is mainly used\\u000a for visualizing a thesaurus containing medical terms. The topic map is built and populated in an original manner, mapping\\u000a an xml file that can be downloaded free, to an xtm file that contains the structure of the

Liana Stanescu; Dumitru Dan Burdescu; Gabriel Mihai; Anca Ion; Cosmin Stoica Spahiu

2008-01-01

253

Tribological Limitations in Gas Turbine Engines: A Workshop to Identify the Challenges and Set Future Directions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following report represents a compendium of selected speaker presentation materials and observations made by Prof O. Pinkus at the NASA/ASME/Industry sponsored workshop entitled "Tribological Limitations in Gas Turbine Engines" held on September 15-17, 1999 in Albany, New York. The impetus for the workshop came from the ASME's Research Committee on Tribology whose goal is to explore new tribological research topics which may become future research opportunities. Since this subject is of current interest to other industrial and government entities the conference received cosponsorship as noted above. The conference was well attended by government, industrial and academic participants. Topics discussed included current tribological issues in gas turbines as well as the potential impact (drawbacks and advantages) of future tribological technologies especially foil air bearings and magnetic beatings. It is hoped that this workshop report may serve as a starting point for continued discussions and activities in oil-free turbomachinery systems.

DellaCorte, Chris; Pinkus, Oscar

2000-01-01

254

21 CFR 868.5170 - Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator.  

... false Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. 868.5170 Section...5170 Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. (a) Identification. A laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator is a device used...

2014-04-01

255

21 CFR 868.5170 - Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. 868.5170 Section...5170 Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. (a) Identification. A laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator is a device used...

2012-04-01

256

21 CFR 868.5170 - Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. 868.5170 Section...5170 Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. (a) Identification. A laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator is a device used...

2013-04-01

257

21 CFR 868.5170 - Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. 868.5170 Section...5170 Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. (a) Identification. A laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator is a device used...

2010-04-01

258

21 CFR 868.5170 - Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. 868.5170 Section...5170 Laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator. (a) Identification. A laryngotracheal topical anesthesia applicator is a device used...

2011-04-01

259

Extensive visual loss with topical facial steroids.  

PubMed

Steroid creams applied topically to the skin are routinely used in the treatment of many dermatoses. Their use on the face in severe atopic eczema is relatively common. We report a series of three patients who whilst using topical facial steroids developed advanced glaucoma. A further two cases of ocular hypertension secondary to topical facial steroids are also described. This is the first series of cases to be reported demonstrating the potentially blinding complications of topical facial steroids. Recommendations are made with regard to screening such patients for glaucoma. PMID:8287990

Aggarwal, R K; Potamitis, T; Chong, N H; Guarro, M; Shah, P; Kheterpal, S

1993-01-01

260

Topics in Precipitation Type Forecasting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module presents an overview of various aspects of precipitation type forecasting. It includes sections on microphysics and the ice crystal process, application of partial thickness analysis, application precipitation type analysis.

Spangler, Tim

2005-09-27

261

Selected topics in gauge theories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developments in gauge field theory in the past fourteen years are discussed. The canonical description of electroweak and strong interactions is described including the role played by QCD and QFD. The Salam-Weinberg theory of electroweak interactions is reviewed with emphasis on Higgs mass and renormalization group analysis. Implications of hyper-color theories are discussed. Composite models of quarks and leptons are considered including hyperfermions as part of a subquark multiplet. (AIP)

Bég, M. A. G.; Hernández Galeana, A.

1986-06-01

262

Burst topic discovery and trend tracing based on Storm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the rapid development of the Internet and the promotion of mobile Internet, microblogs have become a major source and route of transmission for public opinion, including burst topics that are caused by emergencies. To facilitate real time mining of a large range of burst topics, in this paper, we proposed a method to discover burst topics in real time and trace their trends based on the variation trends of word frequencies. First, for the variation trend of the words in microblogs, we adopt a non-homogeneous Poisson process model to fit the data. To represent the heat and trend of the words, we introduce heat degree factor and trend degree factor and realise the real time discovery and trend tracing of the burst topics based on these two factors. Second, to improve the computing performance, this paper was based on the Storm stream computing framework for real time computing. Finally, the experimental results indicate that by adjusting the observation window size and trend degree threshold, topics with different cycles and different burst strengths can be discovered.

Huang, Shihang; Liu, Ying; Dang, Depeng

2014-12-01

263

Safety of topical tetracaine in patients undergoing flexible bronchoscopy.  

PubMed

Lidocaine is currently the most commonly used topical anesthetic during flexible bronchoscopy (FFB) in North America. Tetracaine, a longer-acting agent, might produce better airway analgesia; however, previous literature has suggested that tetracaine is more risky and can even result in cardiac arrest. The maximum recommended tetracaine dose for topical anesthesia is 20?mg. Over the past 30 years, our Pulmonary Special Procedures Unit has used topical tetracaine in considerably higher doses. In this study, we sought to review the safety of this approach. We completed a retrospective review of all FFBs performed on nonintubated patients by a single bronchoscopist from January 2005 to February 2007. The primary outcome variables included adverse reactions and tetracaine dose administered. Five hundred thirty-seven FFBs were performed on 431 patients. Patient age ranged from 20 to 94 years, with a mean age of 55 years. Eighty-one percent (n=434) of these FFBs were performed using only topical anesthesia. Tetracaine solution 0.45% was used in 99.6% of these procedures. Mean tetracaine dose was 120?mg (range: 18 to 158?mg). No adverse reactions attributable to tetracaine were noted. Specifically, no cardiac or neurologic events occurred. Bronchospasm was noted in 1.5% of patients and 1 patient required intubation after the procedure owing to severe hypoxemia. This retrospective study suggests that topical tetracaine at doses up to 8 times the "recommended" dose is safe for the use during FFB. PMID:23168506

Davis, Konrad Leslie; Channick, Colleen L

2009-04-01

264

Topical issues in venous thromboembolism.  

PubMed

Despite clear guidelines and the availability of effective treatments, venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains relatively common, particularly in the hospital setting. This paper reviews topical issues in VTE, in terms of treatments, data and guidelines. Existing anticoagulants have several limitations. Bleeding risk is a concern with all anticoagulants. Vitamin K antagonists are the mainstay of oral anticoagulant therapy, but they are limited by the need for frequent monitoring. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is limited by an inconvenient route of administration (continuous intravenous infusion) and a higher risk of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and bleeding compared with low molecular weight heparins (LMWH). LMWH have a more predictable pharmacokinetic profile and greater bioavailability than UFH, which permits weight-adjusted LMWH dosing without the need for monitoring in most patients. LMWH also have a more convenient dosing strategy than UFH (once-daily subcutaneous injection). Fondaparinux is a selective inhibitor of factor Xa and, like LMWH, does not require monitoring. The efficacy of fondaparinux in long-term VTE treatment remains to be established. The optimal time to initiate thromboprophylaxis in patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery remains controversial. Initiating thromboprophylaxis just before or soon after surgery (the 'just-in-time' strategy) achieves better thromboprophylaxis but could increase the risk of bleeding complications. Balancing the need for extended thromboprophylaxis after major surgery with the need to minimize bleeding remains an important consideration. Despite clear guidelines, thromboprophylaxis is widely underused, particularly in medical patients, in whom rates as low as 28% have been reported. Electronic alert systems may be of value for increasing the use of adequate thromboprophylaxis. The use of different definitions of VTE and bleeding in clinical trials, together with missing venography data, conflicting guidelines in patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty, and the limited amount of data in children, also make VTE prevention and management more difficult. Administering thromboprophylaxis to a wider group of patients, employing the 'just-in-time' protocols, ensuring adequate duration of thromboprophylaxis, combining different methods of thromboprophylaxis and developing new anticoagulants should help to improve thromboprophylaxis. PMID:21162605

Abad Rico, José Ignacio; Llau Pitarch, Juan Vicente; Páramo Fernández, José Antonio

2010-12-14

265

Topics in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dynamical evolution of fluids appears in many areas of science. Theoretical understanding and reliable computational description of complex and turbulent flows are one of the grand challenges of science. Although much has been accomplished recently, there is a significant amount of work remaining to get an accurate and effective description of fluid dynamics. This thesis uses two different approaches on different topics in geophysical fluid dynamics. First, rigorous theoretical bounds on the transport of heat are discovered for convection driven both by an internal heat source, and convection driven by an enforced temperature gradient. For stress-free vertical boundaries it is shown that at arbitrary Prandtl number in two dimensions (or at infinite Prandtl number in three dimension) the enhanced heat transport due to convection is bounded as Nu ? Ra5/12 where Ra is a measure of the strength of the driving force. For these same type of boundaries (and under the identical assumptions on the Prandtl number and dimension) with internal heating, the spatially and temporally averaged temperature is bounded from below by H12/17 where H is the strength of the internal heating. For no-slip boundaries at infinite Prandtl number the temperature is bounded by H3/4 log( H )-1/4. Second, methods from numerical analysis and physical intuition are used to test the numerical models intended to describe the evolution of the earth's climate and weather. A stability analysis is carried out to test the numerical stability of divergence damping (a form of numerical dissipation meant to model unresolved sub-grid processes) applied on a latitude-longitude grid. The analysis yields sharp stability constraints, and highlights some of the issues inherent to the choice of grid. A test is also proposed to consider the consistency between the integration of the primitive equations, and the advection of passive tracers in a atmospheric dynamical core. Potential voriticity is used to examine the level of inconsistency between dynamics and tracers in the four dynamical cores present in the National Center for Atmospheric Research's Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5.0).

Whitehead, Jared P.

266

Teaching Introductory Measurement: Suggestions for What to Include and How to Motivate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we discuss the importance of measurement literacy and some issues encountered in teaching introductory measurement courses. We present results from a survey of introductory measurement instructors, including information about the topics included in such courses and the amount of time spent on each. Topics that were included by the…

Bandalos, Deborah L.; Kopp, Jason P.

2012-01-01

267

Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of pain due to soft tissue injury: diclofenac epolamine topical patch  

PubMed Central

The objective of this article is to review published clinical data on diclofenac epolamine topical patch 1.3% (DETP) in the treatment of acute soft tissue injuries, such as strains, sprains, and contusions. Review of published literature on topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), diclofenac, and DETP in patients with acute soft tissue injuries was included. Relevant literature was identified on MEDLINE using the search terms topical NSAIDs, diclofenac, diclofenac epolamine, acute pain, sports injury, soft tissue injury, strain, sprain, and contusion, and from citations in retrieved articles covering the years 1978–2008. Review of published, randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses shows that topical NSAIDs are significantly more effective than placebo in relieving acute pain; the pooled average relative benefit was 1.7 (95% confidence interval, 1.5–1.9). In a limited number of comparisons, topical and oral NSAIDs provided comparable pain relief, but the use of topical agents produced lower plasma drug concentrations and fewer systemic adverse events (AEs). The physical–chemical properties of diclofenac epolamine make it well suited for topical use. In patients with acute soft tissue injuries treated with DETP, clinical data report an analgesic benefit within hours of the first application, and significant pain relief relative to placebo within 3 days. Moreover, DETP displayed tolerability comparable with placebo; the most common AEs were pruritus and other application site reactions. Review of published literature suggests that DETP is generally safe and well tolerated, clinically efficacious, and a rational treatment option for patients experiencing acute pain associated with strains, sprains, and contusions, and other localized painful conditions. PMID:21197326

Lionberger, David R; Brennan, Michael J

2010-01-01

268

Future directions for QCD  

SciTech Connect

New directions for exploring QCD at future high-energy colliders are sketched. These include jets within jets. BFKL dynamics, soft and hard diffraction, searches for disoriented chiral condensate, and doing a better job on minimum bias physics. The new experimental opportunities include electron-ion collisions at HERA, a new collider detector at the C0 region of the TeVatron, and the FELIX initiative at the LHC.

Bjorken, J.D.

1996-10-01

269

Topics in Representation Theory: The Heisenberg Algebra  

E-print Network

Topics in Representation Theory: The Heisenberg Algebra We'll now turn to a topic which is a precise analog of the previous discussion of the Clifford algebra and spinor representations. By replacing a new algebra, the Heisenberg algebra. The group of automor- phism of this algebra is now a symplectic

Woit, Peter

270

Common Topics and Commonplaces of Environmental Rhetoric  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Common topics are words or phrases used to develop argument, and commonplaces aid memory or catalyze frames of understanding. When used in argumentation, each may help interested parties more effectively communicate valuable scientific and environment-related information. This article describes 12 modern topics of environmental rhetoric,…

Ross, Derek G.

2013-01-01

271

Advanced Topics in Control Systems Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced Topics in Control Systems Theory contains selected contributions written by lecturers at the third (annual) Formation d'Automatique de Paris (FAP) (Graduate Control School in Paris). Following on from the lecture notes from the second FAP (Volume 311 in the same series) it is addressed to graduate students and researchers in control theory with topics touching on a variety of

Françoise Lamnabhi-Lagarrigue; Elena Panteley

2006-01-01

272

Severe photosensitivity reaction induced by topical diclofenac  

PubMed Central

Albeit uncommon, photosensitivity reaction induced by diclofenac can be an unfortunate adverse reaction complicating its use as a topical analgesic. We here present a case of a patient who suffered such a reaction as a result of exposure to diclofenac, employed as a topical analgesic for low backache. The lesions healed with conservative management without extensive scarring or other complications. PMID:24014923

Akat, Pramod B.

2013-01-01

273

Defining Evaluation Methodologies for Topical Crawlers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Topical crawlers are becoming important tools to support applications such as specialized Web portals, online searching, and competitive intelligence. As the Web mining field matures, the disparate crawling strategies proposed in the literature will have to be evaluated and compared on common tasks through well-defined performance measures. We have argued that general evaluation methodologies are necessary for topical crawlers. Such

Padmini Srinivasan; Filippo Menczer; Gautam Pant

274

A General Evaluation Framework for Topical Crawlers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Topical crawlers are becoming important tools to support applications such as specialized Web portals, online searching, and competitive intelligence. As the Web mining eld matures, the disparate crawling strategies proposed in the literature will have to be evaluated and compared on common tasks through well- dened performance measures. This paper presents a general framework to evaluate topical crawlers. We identify

P. Srinivasan

2003-01-01

275

Human in vivo pharmacology of topical retinoids  

Microsoft Academic Search

All-trans retinoic acid is used topically for treating a variety of dermatologic conditions ranging from acne to photoaged skin. Although the clinical effects of retinoic acid treatment are often considerable, relatively little is known about the basic mechanisms underlying such effects. With the development of an in vivo human assay we have investigated the pleiotypic effects of topical retinoids from

Christopher E. M. Griffiths; John J. Voorhees

1994-01-01

276

PERSONIFICATION OF TOPICS WITH CONVERSATIONAL AGENTS  

E-print Network

), 2) not to be discarded immediately: it's the ergonomic acceptability issue (Davis 1989), 3) taken.html 1.2 An architecture for the personification of abstract topics Traditionally, conversational agentsPERSONIFICATION OF TOPICS WITH CONVERSATIONAL AGENTS Jean-Paul Sansonnet LIMSI-CNRS BP 133 F-91403

Sansonnet, Jean-Paul

277

Summary of Topic1 Fusion Power Extraction  

E-print Network

and design concepts for fusion nuclear components worldwide (focus on power extraction and tritium fuel cycleSummary of Topic1 Fusion Power Extraction and Tritium Fuel Cycle Mohamed Abdou with Takeo Muroga and Neil Morley 1st IAEA DEMO Workshop UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA October, 2012 #12;Topic 1: Fusion Power

Abdou, Mohamed

278

Anesthesia: A Topic for Interdisciplinary Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an interdisciplinary approach for teaching the topic of anesthesia as one aspect of a chemistry-oriented course for nonscience majors which focuses on timely topics such as the energy crisis and drugs. Historical treatment with the examination of literature is emphasized in teaching. (HM)

Labianca, Dominick A.; Reeves, William J.

1977-01-01

279

Topical calcipotriene for morphea\\/linear scleroderma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Morphea and linear scleroderma are characterized by erythema, induration, telangiectasia, and dyspigmentation. There is no universally effective treatment. Oral calcitriol has been beneficial in the treatment of localized and extensive morphea\\/scleroderma, but the use of topical calcipotriene has not been reported. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical calcipotriene 0.005% ointment

Bari B. Cunningham; Ian D. R. Landells; Craig Langman; Dawn E. Sailer; Amy S. Paller

1998-01-01

280

Special Issue Topic: School Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "The Choice Movement" (Brogan); "Choice in American Education" (Witte); "Role of Parents in Education" (Mawdsley); "As Arrows in the Hand" (Coons); "Vouchers in Wisconsin" (Underwood); "Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (MPCP)" (Grover); "Civil Liberties and the MPCP" (Bolick); "Comments on School Choice" (Jauch); "Two Classes of…

Brogan, Bernard R.; And Others

1991-01-01

281

Topics in Precipitation Type Forecasting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module presents an overview of various aspects of precipitation type forecasting. It includes sections on microphysics and the ice crystal process, application of partial thickness analysis, application of the top-down method, and an overview of model algorithms used for precipitation type analysis.

Comet

2005-09-27

282

Topic in Depth - Embedded Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Embedded systems are dedicated computers designed to perform a specific task. They are usually fairly simple devices that are used in areas where powerful, customizable computers are unnecessary; however, they can also be quite complex on occasion. Embedded systems can be found almost anywhere, including automobiles and cellular phones, and their importance is reflected in their near omnipresence.

2010-09-09

283

Topics in Polar Low Forecasting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module presents an overview of the climatology, formation, evolution, detection, and forecasting of polar lows. The presentation has five sections: Disturbances in Cold Air Masses; Climatology of Cold Air Vortices and Polar Lows; Monitoring and Nowcasting of Polar Lows; Polar Lows and NWP; and Forecasting Process for Polar Lows. It also includes a printable forecasting checklist.

Spangler, Tim

2004-04-02

284

Topical steroid addiction in atopic dermatitis  

PubMed Central

The American Academy of Dermatology published a new guideline regarding topical therapy in atopic dermatitis in May 2014. Although topical steroid addiction or red burning skin syndrome had been mentioned as possible side effects of topical steroids in a 2006 review article in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, no statement was made regarding this illness in the new guidelines. This suggests that there are still controversies regarding this illness. Here, we describe the clinical features of topical steroid addiction or red burning skin syndrome, based on the treatment of many cases of the illness. Because there have been few articles in the medical literature regarding this illness, the description in this article will be of some benefit to better understand the illness and to spur discussion regarding topical steroid addiction or red burning skin syndrome. PMID:25378953

Fukaya, Mototsugu; Sato, Kenji; Sato, Mitsuko; Kimata, Hajime; Fujisawa, Shigeki; Dozono, Haruhiko; Yoshizawa, Jun; Minaguchi, Satoko

2014-01-01

285

SDR Equipment in Future Mobile Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the SDR issues to be addressed in a future heterogeneous environment covering also the IP networks. The new project SCOUT (Smart user-Centric cOmmUnication environmenT) will consider this as a key issue. For a comprehensive view the different future research topics and initial concepts are highlighted. One of the major issues to be solved will be the detailed

Didier Bourse; Markus Dillinger; Tim Farnham; Raquel Navarro

2002-01-01

286

Tender Topics: Exploring Sensitive Issues with Pre-K through First Grade Children through Read-Alouds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topics including bullying, family diversity, homelessness, disabilities, and incarceration are often referred to as "tender topics." They can be difficult for teachers to explain to or discuss with children. In their work with children, families, and teachers, the authors have seen that it is not necessarily the topic that makes conversations…

Mankiw, Sue; Strasser, Janis

2013-01-01

287

The topics assigned to the student should be of interest to the supervising professor. But, perhaps more importantly, they should be part of the research group research. The  

E-print Network

. Examples of research topics at KTL: VOC Phase Equilibria · Development of Solid-liquid-vapor Equilibrium. BACKGROUND Research topics at the Kurata Thermodynamics Laboratory include the following: · MeasurementTOPICS The topics assigned to the student should be of interest to the supervising professor. But

Howat, Colin S. "Chip"

288

Topics in Top Quark Physics  

E-print Network

The status of top quark searches will be briefly reviewed. Theoretical predictions for the top quark decay rate are presented including QCD and electroweak radiative corrections. The possibilities for quarkonium searches at an hadron collider will be discussed. The perspectives for top production at an electron positron collider will be described in detail with emphasis on the behavior of the cross section and decay distribution in the threshold region.

J. H. Kühn

1993-07-14

289

Topical herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Background Before extraction and synthetic chemistry were invented, musculoskeletal complaints were treated with preparations from medicinal plants. They were either administered orally or topically. In contrast to the oral medicinal plant products, topicals act in part as counterirritants or are toxic when given orally. Objectives To update the previous Cochrane review of herbal therapy for osteoarthritis from 2000 by evaluating the evidence on effectiveness for topical medicinal plant products. Search methods Databases for mainstream and complementary medicine were searched using terms to include all forms of arthritis combined with medicinal plant products. We searched electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL),MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, ISI Web of Science, World Health Organization Clinical Trials Registry Platform) to February 2013, unrestricted by language. We also searched the reference lists from retrieved trials. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials of herbal interventions used topically, compared with inert (placebo) or active controls, in people with osteoarthritis were included. Data collection and analysis Two review authors independently selected trials for inclusion, assessed the risk of bias of included studies and extracted data. Main results Seven studies (seven different medicinal plant interventions; 785 participants) were included. Single studies (five studies, six interventions) and non-comparable studies (two studies, one intervention) precluded pooling of results. Moderate evidence from a single study of 174 people with hand osteoarthritis indicated that treatment with Arnica extract gel probably results in similar benefits as treatment with ibuprofen (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) with a similar number of adverse events. Mean pain in the ibuprofen group was 44.2 points on a 100 point scale; treatment with Arnica gel reduced the pain by 4 points after three weeks: mean difference (MD) ?3.8 points (95% confidence intervals (CI) ?10.1 to 2.5), absolute reduction 4% (10% reduction to 3% increase). Hand function was 7.5 points on a 30 point scale in the ibuprofen-treated group; treatment with Arnica gel reduced function by 0.4 points (MD ?0.4, 95% CI ?1.75 to 0.95), absolute improvement 1% (6% improvement to 3% decline)). Total adverse events were higher in the Arnica gel group (13% compared to 8% in the ibuprofen group): relative risk (RR) 1.65 (95% CI 0.72 to 3.76). Moderate quality evidence from a single trial of 99 people with knee osteoarthritis indicated that compared with placebo, Capsicum extract gel probably does not improve pain or knee function, and is commonly associated with treatment-related adverse events including skin irritation and a burning sensation. At four weeks follow-up, mean pain in the placebo group was 46 points on a 100 point scale; treatment with Capsicum extract reduced pain by 1 point (MD ?1, 95%CI ?6.8 to 4.8), absolute reduction of 1%(7%reduction to 5% increase). Mean knee function in the placebo group was 34.8 points on a 96 point scale at four weeks; treatment with Capsicum extract improved function by a mean of 2.6 points (MD ?2.6, 95% CI ?9.5 to 4.2), an absolute improvement of 3% (10% improvement to 4% decline). Adverse event rates were greater in the Capsicum extract group (80% compared with 20% in the placebo group, rate ratio 4.12, 95% CI 3.30 to 5.17). The number needed to treat to result in adverse events was 2 (95% CI 1 to 2). Moderate evidence from a single trial of 220 people with knee osteoarthritis suggested that comfrey extract gel probably improves pain without increasing adverse events. At three weeks, the mean pain in the placebo group was 83.5 points on a 100 point scale. Treatment with comfrey reduced pain by a mean of 41.5 points (MD ?41.5, 95% CI ?48 to ?34), an absolute reduction of 42% (34% to 48% reduction). Function was not reported. Adverse events were similar: 6%(7/110) reported adverse events in the comfre

Cameron, Melainie; Chrubasik, Sigrun

2014-01-01

290

Crystal Gazing into the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a use study of library materials to emphasize the need for an "access" philosophy of providing library service. Other topics considered in this "forecast" include resource-sharing library networks, network topologies, and library and network functions. (Author/JD)

Kent, Allen

1978-01-01

291

Summary and outlook on the future  

SciTech Connect

Highlights of the Physics in Collision Conference are reviewed. Selected topics briefly discussed in the framework of the Standard Model are: supersymmetry, the Higgs particles, heavy quarks and leptons, and compositeness in quarks and leptons. The direction of future colliders is also discussed. 8 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab. (LSP)

Prescott, C.Y.

1987-09-01

292

Musculoskeletal imaging: current and future trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in imaging technology and the increasing role of interventional procedures in musculoskeletal imaging have continued\\u000a to stimulate research over recent years. This review summarises some recent articles on musculoskeletal radiology topics and\\u000a looks forward to potential future developments in this exciting sub-speciality.

Hassan Douis; Steven L. J. James; A. Mark Davies

2011-01-01

293

The Future of Research in Computer Games  

E-print Network

, emerging research problems of high consequence, future research infrastructure needs, and broader impacts research problems and opportunities in this arena. Six working group topics were identified based as learning, CGVWs for STEM and Humanities learning, etc. · CGVWs for Science, Health, Environment, Energy

Scacchi, Walt

294

Majocchi's Granuloma after Topical Corticosteroids Therapy  

PubMed Central

Majocchi's granuloma (MG) is an unusual but not rare dermatophyte infection of dermal and subcutaneous tissues. Dermatophytes usually result in the infections of hair, epidermis, and nail, and are rarely involved in deep cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. Now it is considered that MG includes two forms: one is a small perifollicular papular form and the other is a deep subcutaneous nodular form; the front one mainly occurs in healthy individuals and the latter one usually presents in immunocompromised hosts. The clinical manifestations of MG are many and varied, except the common presentations of erythema, papule and nodules, and Kaposi sarcoma-like and molluscum-like lesions have been reported in literatures (Kim et al. (2011), Bord et al. (2007), and Lillis et al. (2010)). This characteristic induces the difficulty of diagnosis, and thus it is so important and necessary to make direct microscopical and histological examinations. We describe a case of MG over the face in a patient who had been treated with topical corticosteroids over a long time.

Li, Fu-qiu; Lv, Sha; Xia, Jian-xin

2014-01-01

295

Novel Topical Microbicides Through Combinatorial Strategies  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Purpose Developing microbicides for topical epithelial applications is extremely challenging, as evidenced by the scarcity of approved products even after decades of research. Chemical enhancers, including surfactants, are known to be effective antimicrobial agents but are typically toxic towards epithelial cells. Here, we report on the discovery of unique surfactant formulations with improved safety and efficacy profile for epithelial applications, via a combination of high throughput screening techniques. Methods Over three-hundred formulations derived from nine surfactants were screened for antibacterial properties against E. coli in vitro. A subset of these formulations showed high antibacterial activity and was screened for cytotoxicity in vitro. Formulations showing high antibacterial activity and reduced cytotoxicity compared to their individual components were tested for efficacy against B. thailendensis, a model for melioidosis-causing B. pseudomallei. Results Lead formulations showed lower toxicity towards epidermal keratinocytes, with LC50 values up to 3.5-fold higher than their component surfactants, while maintaining antibacterial efficacy against B. thailendensis. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that such a combinatorial screening approach can be used for designing safe and potent microbicides for epithelial applications. PMID:20306119

Arora, Anubhav

2010-01-01

296

Topics in the structure of hadronic systems  

SciTech Connect

In this dissertation the author examines a variety of different problems in the physics of strongly-bound systems. Each is elucidated by a different standard method of analysis developed to probe the properties of such systems. He begins with an examination of the properties and consequences of the current algebra of weak currents in the limit of heavy quark spin-flavor symmetry. In particular, he examines the assumptions in the proof of the Ademollo-Gatto theorem in general and for spin-flavor symmetry, and exhibit the constraints imposed upon matrix elements by this theorem. Then he utilizes the renormalization-group method to create composite fermions in a three-generation electroweak model. Such a model is found to reproduce the same low energy behavior as the top-condensate electroweak model, although in general it may have strong constraints upon its Higgs sector. Next he uncovers subtleties in the nonrelativistic quark model that drastically alter the picture of the physical origins of meson electromagnetic and hyperfine mass splittings; in particular, the explicit contributions due to (m{sub d}{minus}m{sub u}) and electrostatic potentials may be overwhelmed by other effects. Such novel effects are used to explain the anomalous pattern of mass splittings recently measured in bottom mesons. Finally, he considers the topic of baryon masses in heavy fermion chiral perturbation theory, including both tree-level and loop effects.

Lebed, R.F. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Physics Dept.]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Physics Div.

1994-04-01

297

Digital Social Network Mining for Topic Discovery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Networked computers are expanding more and more around the world, and digital social networks becoming of great importance for many people's work and leisure. This paper mainly focused on discovering the topic of exchanging information in digital social network. In brief, our method is to use a hierarchical dictionary of related topics and words that mapped to a graph. Then, with comparing the extracted keywords from the context of social network with graph nodes, probability of relation between context and desired topics will be computed. This model can be used in many applications such as advertising, viral marketing and high-risk group detection.

Moradianzadeh, Pooya; Mohi, Maryam; Sadighi Moshkenani, Mohsen

298

Adverse effects of topical corticosteroid use.  

PubMed Central

Topical corticosteroid use, a common and often efficacious therapy for a wide variety of cutaneous conditions, may have substantial adverse effects. These range from the notable nondermatologic side effects of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression, Cushing's disease, femoral head osteonecrosis, and cataracts to a variety of less serious skin effects such as cutaneous tinea and contact dermatitis. The broad availability, efficacy, relative low cost, and ease of applying topical corticosteroids should not induce complacency or a cavalier attitude in prescribers. Physicians should have the same awareness of the possible side effects of topical steroid use as when prescribing parenteral medication. Images PMID:7794369

Fisher, D A

1995-01-01

299

Research Topics in Statistical and Scientific Database Management: the IV SSDBM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The papers presented at the IV SSDBM describe the different results reached in the context of Statistical and Scientific Database Management. In addition to the traditional topics (e.g., data model, physical organization and data retrieval, user interface and security) new topics emerged which appear to be growing in importance. Those include temporal data, statistical knowledge based decision support systems, geographical

Maurizio Rafanelli

1988-01-01

300

Making leisure and recreation research a scholarly topic: Views of a journal editor, 1972–1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

The founding co?editor of Leisure Sciences provides a critical analysis of the events of 1972–1982 that shaped the topics of leisure and recreation research. Specific topics include: the development of publication outlets for research; leisure in the hierarchy of scholarly activity; the attempt to establish boundaries on leisure research; what are the criteria for acceptable research; and who does leisure

Rabel J. Burdge

1983-01-01

301

A Review of Subject Matter Topics Researched in Agricultural and Extension Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of 402 articles in the Journal of Agricultural Education and 451 National Agricultural Education Research Meeting papers (1986-1996) yielded 30 categories of topics. The top five were secondary agriculture programs, learning styles, extension education, professionalism, and ag mechanics/engineering. Emerging topics included distance…

Radhakrishna, Rama B.; Xu, Wenwei

1997-01-01

302

TOPICAL REVIEW: Magnetic surface nanostructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent trends in the emerging field of surface-supported magnetic nanostructures are reviewed. Current strategies for nanostructure synthesis are summarized, followed by a predominantly theoretical description of magnetic phenomena in surface magnetic structures and a review of experimental research in this field. Emphasis is on Fe- or Co-based nanostructures in various low-dimensional geometries, which are studied as model systems to explore the effects of dimensionality, atomic coordination, chemical bonds, alloying and, most importantly, interactions with the supporting substrate on the magnetism. This review also includes a discussion of closely related systems, such as 3d element impurities integrated into organic networks, surface-supported Fe-based molecular magnets, Kondo systems or 4d element nanostructures that exhibit emergent magnetism, thereby bridging the traditional areas of surface science, molecular physics and nanomagnetism.

Enders, A.; Skomski, R.; Honolka, J.

2010-11-01

303

Selected topics in peritoneal pathology.  

PubMed

This essay considers selected peritoneal lesions many of which were the subject of studies coauthored by Dr Robert E. Scully. His article on multilocular peritoneal inclusion cysts has largely led to these lesions being considered non-neoplastic, eschewing the term cystic mesothelioma. These cysts are often associated with reactive mural mesothelial proliferations that can potentially lead to a misdiagnosis of mesothelioma. Clinical findings, such as a common association with endometriosis or prior operations, can prompt consideration of a reactive lesion. Mesothelial hyperplasia may be difficult to distinguish, when florid, from mesothelioma but a variety of gross and microscopic features will aid their recognition. Nodular peritoneal aggregates of histiocytes (sometimes admixed with mesothelial cells) may occasionally be a striking finding that can be misdiagnosed as a metastasis if the patient has a known neoplasm. Appreciation of their bland nuclear features and histiocytic nature, confirmed by immunohistochemical markers, facilitate the diagnosis. Various forms of peritonitis are briefly considered including sclerosing peritonitis, a process sometimes associated with luteinized thecomas (thecomatosis) of the ovaries, an entity first appreciated by Dr Scully. Mesotheliomas are briefly reviewed emphasizing the caution that should be used in applying the designation "well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma." Many interpret the latter as benign, but multifocal lesions must be thoroughly examined histologically because of potential overlapping features with malignant mesothelioma. The morphologic spectrum of malignant mesothelioma and its usually straightforward distinction from müllerian neoplasms is considered, as is its occasional presentation as a dominant ovarian mass. The spectrum of low-grade serous peritoneal neoplasms including the "psammocarcinoma" is reviewed. Finally, various benign müllerian lesions, particularly endometriosis and endosalpingiosis, may be conspicuous in peritoneal specimens and sometimes are grossly striking. The usual presence of benign endometrioid epithelium and stroma should facilitate the correct diagnosis of endometriosis, but in cases in which the stroma is atrophic or the sole component (stromal endometriosis), diagnostic problems may arise. PMID:24901399

Baker, Patricia M; Clement, Philip B; Young, Robert H

2014-07-01

304

A proposal for including nomophobia in the new DSM-V.  

PubMed

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is considered to be the gold standard manual for assessing the psychiatric diseases and is currently in its fourth version (DSM-IV), while a fifth (DSM-V) has just been released in May 2013. The DSM-V Anxiety Work Group has put forward recommendations to modify the criteria for diagnosing specific phobias. In this manuscript, we propose to consider the inclusion of nomophobia in the DSM-V, and we make a comprehensive overview of the existing literature, discussing the clinical relevance of this pathology, its epidemiological features, the available psychometric scales, and the proposed treatment. Even though nomophobia has not been included in the DSM-V, much more attention is paid to the psychopathological effects of the new media, and the interest in this topic will increase in the near future, together with the attention and caution not to hypercodify as pathological normal behaviors. PMID:24876797

Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Del Puente, Giovanni

2014-01-01

305

The future of human spaceflight.  

PubMed

After the Apollo Moon program, the international space station represents a further milestone of humankind in space, International follow-on programs like a manned return to the Moon and a first manned Mars Mission can be considered as the next logical step. More and more attention is also paid to the topic of future space tourism in Earth orbit, which is currently under investigation in the USA, Japan and Europe due to its multibillion dollar market potential and high acceptance in society. The wide variety of experience, gained within the space station program, should be used in order to achieve time and cost savings for future manned programs. Different strategies and roadmaps are investigated for space tourism and human missions to the Moon and Mars, based on a comprehensive systems analysis approach. By using DLR's software tool FAST (Fast Assessment of Space Technologies), different scenarios will be defined, optimised and finally evaluated with respect to mission architecture, required technologies, total costs and program duration. This includes trajectory analysis, spacecraft design on subsystem level, operations and life cycle cost analysis. For space tourism, an expected evolutionary roadmap will be described which is initiated by short suborbital tourism and ends with visionary designs like the Space Hotel Berlin and the Space Hotel Europe concept. Furthermore the potential space tourism market, its economic meaning as well as the expected range of the costs of a space ticket (e.g. $50,000 for a suborbital flight) will be analysed and quantified. For human missions to the Moon and Mars, an international 20 year program for the first decades of the next millennium is proposed, which requires about $2.5 Billion per year for a manned return to the Moon program and about $2.6 Billion per year for the first 3 manned Mars missions. This is about the annual budget, which is currently spend by the USA only for the operations of its Space Shuttle fleet which generally proofs the affordability of such ambitious programs after the build-up of the International Space Station, when corresponding budget might become again available. PMID:11669137

Reichert, M

2001-01-01

306

Teaching Controversial Topics to Skeptical High School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tennessee passes the "Monkey Bill" (HB 0368, SB 0893), North Carolina's state government passes a law to criminalize reference in state documents to scientific models that predict sea level rise to reach at least one meter by the next century, and public concern still lags far behind the scientific community's concern on climate change. The American public and even science teachers across the country seem to have lost faith in the ability of the scientific community to unify a strong message about several important scientific lessons, including global warming in particular. This lack of a unified message has weakened the ability of science teachers to effectively teach the lesson of global warming. For science teachers in strongly conservative areas of the country, it is much easier to omit difficult topics and avoid angering parents and school board members. Teachers who do feel strongly about scientifically proven, yet publically controversial topics CAN teach these topics in conservative areas by confirming students' belief systems by being honest and open about motivations surrounding both sides of controversial topics, and by using vocabulary that avoids triggering negative perceptions about these controversial topics. For true learning and change of preconceived opinion to take place, it is important for students to come to the understanding in their own minds in an open and safe learning environment instead of having the message "preached" to them, which only serves to make them feel unintelligent and defensive if they disagree. This presentation will include lessons learned from a practicing science teacher who works in a community that overwhelmingly disputes the validity of human impacts on climate change.

Ford, K. S.

2012-12-01

307

Secure Future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thread Technology, Inc., developed the ZipNut, a fastening device that is pushed rather than turned. It was originally developed for space shuttle and space station applications. The ZipNut can be used for a variety of applications, including firefighting, aerospace, gas fittings, and manufacturing.

1998-01-01

308

Dr. David Innes Outline of topics  

E-print Network

Limitations of Using Genetics in Conservation Planning Journals: Conservation Genetic Resources Conservation and Introgression 9. Topics in Evolutionary Genetics - Human evolutionary genetics - Conservation genetics Chapter 11. Conservation Genetics: The Use and Importance of Genetic Information Genetic Variation: What

Innes, David J.

309

MSIM 495/595 TOPICS: CYBER SECURITY  

E-print Network

MSIM 495/595 TOPICS: CYBER SECURITY Dr. Bharat Madan Instructor Spring 2013 Offering COURSE to secure their computers, networks and data assets. Cyber attacks involve: · Prevention · Tolerance or prevent credit card transactions CYBER SECURITY CAN INVOLVE... #12;

310

NCI: SBIR & STTR - Past Funding - Contract Topics  

Cancer.gov

Additionally, please refer to the following cancer-related topic issued by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The funding was provided by NIDDK while the receipt, review, and contracting was handled by NCI.

311

Active Research Topics in Human Machine Interfaces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper identifies active research topics concerning human machine interfaces for intelligent machine systems. The paper was compiled by performing a series of literature searches and organizing the information according to the author's interest in bet...

M. J. McDonald

2000-01-01

312

Special Topics in Water Science (Water Pollution)  

MedlinePLUS

... Basics Water Properties Water Cycle Surface Water Groundwater Water Quality Water Use Activities Photos Q&A Teachers Contact ... explore other water-science topic areas, such as water quality, urbanization and water, saline water, watersheds, runoff, and ...

313

Probabilistic Topic Models David M. Blei  

E-print Network

population populations differences variation fossil record birds fossils dinosaurs fossil sequence sequences annotations to organize, summarize, and search the texts. #12;Probabilistic topic models "Genetics" "Evolution" "Disease" "Computers" human evolution disease computer genome evolutionary host models dna species bacteria

Blei, David M.

314

Probabilistic Topic Models David M. Blei  

E-print Network

population populations differences variation fossil record birds fossils dinosaurs fossil sequence sequences, summarize, and search the texts. #12;Discover topics from a corpus "Genetics" "Evolution" "Disease" "Computers" human evolution disease computer genome evolutionary host models dna species bacteria information

Blei, David M.

315

Optimization Topics List Revised July 2014  

E-print Network

Optimization Topics List Revised July 2014 Starting in Fall 2014, we will adopt the reading list (available with other documentation at http://www.gams.com/docs/document.htm) 2. R. Fourer, D.M. Gay, and B

Liblit, Ben

316

Topical cidofovir for refractory verrucae in children.  

PubMed

Warts are common and are a challenge to treat in some children, especially immunocompromised children and those who fail or cannot tolerate salicylic acid preparations and cryotherapy. Cidofovir, a nucleotide analogue with antiviral activity, has demonstrated promising results when compounded into a topical form to treat refractory warts. We present a retrospective institutional review of 12 children with refractory verrucae treated with 1% to 3% topical cidofovir compounded in an unscented moisturizing cream, applied every other day to daily. In our institutional series, only three patients (25%) demonstrated complete clearance of their verrucae. An additional four patients (33%) demonstrated partial clearance. Our experience using topical cidofovir has been less successful than previous institutional reviews, possibly because we used a lower concentration and less-frequent dosing. More studies are needed to better characterize the efficacy, safety, and dosing of topical cidofovir for the treatment of refractory warts. PMID:23013353

Gupta, Monique; Bayliss, Susan J; Berk, David R

2013-01-01

317

Geotechnical support and topical studies for nuclear waste geologic repositories  

SciTech Connect

The present report lists the technical reviews and comments made during the fiscal year 1988 and summarizes the technical progress of the topical studies. In the area of technical assistance, there were numerous activities detailed in the next section. These included 24 geotechnical support activities, including reviews of 6 Study Plans (SP) and participation in 6 SP Review Workshops, review of one whole document Site Characterization Plan (SCP) and participation in the Assembled Document SCP Review Workshops by 6 LBL reviewers; the hosting of a DOE program review, the rewriting of the project statement of work, 2 trips to technical and planning meetings; preparation of proposed work statements for two new topics for DOE, and 5 instances of technical assistance to DOE. These activities are described in a Table in the following section entitled Geoscience Technical Support for Nuclear Waste Geologic Repositories.''

Not Available

1989-01-01

318

Treatment of pediculosis capitis with topical albendazole.  

PubMed

Pediculosis capitis, or head lice infestation, caused by Pediculus humanus capitis, is a common and ubiquitous health concern. Increasing resistance and treatment failures are reported with available topical pediculicides and may prove challenging to manage. Recent data indicate that the oral anti-helmintic agents thiabendazole and albendazole could represent new therapeutic options against pediculosis capitis. We report a novel treatment modality in four patients with head lice who were successfully treated with a topical application of albendazole. PMID:20964575

Ayoub, Nakhlé; Maatouk, Ismaël; Merhy, Martin; Tomb, Roland

2012-02-01

319

Is topical haloperidol a useful glaucoma treatment?  

PubMed Central

A randomised, double blind, single dose study of topical haloperidol, a dopamine receptor blocking drug, was performed on 20 healthy volunteers. After its administration a modest reduction in intraocular pressure was recorded over the six-hour study period, but the difference was not significant at the p less than 0.05 level. Although dopamine blocking agents are effective in reducing intraocular pressure in experimental animals, topical haloperidol appears unlikely to be clinically useful in the treatment of glaucoma. PMID:3718908

Lavin, M. J.; Andrews, V.

1986-01-01

320

An NLP & IR Approach to Topic Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper presents algorithms for Chinese and English-Chinese topic detection. Named entities, other nouns and verbs are\\u000a cue patterns to relate news stories describing the same event. Lexical translation and name transliteration resolve lexical\\u000a differences between English and Chinese. A two-threshold scheme determines relevance (irrelevance) between a news story and\\u000a a topic cluster. Lookahead information deals with ambiguous cases in

Hsin-Hsi Chen; Lun-Wei Ku

321

Topical Antibiotic Therapy of Chronic Rhinosinusitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many different treatment options for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) exist, but questions remain regarding the best options.\\u000a Although oral and intravenous antimicrobial therapies have traditionally been prescribed to manage CRS, topical administration\\u000a of these agents has gained increasing popularity over the past few years. Topical antimicrobial agents are preferable because\\u000a of their ability to localize delivery to the sinonasal mucosa and

Richard H. Comstock; Kent Lam; Suzette Mikula

2010-01-01

322

Systemic Side-Effects of Topical Corticosteroids  

PubMed Central

With the introduction of topical corticosteroids, a milestone has been achieved in dermatologic therapy; owing to its potent anti-inflammatory and ant proliferative effects, it became possible to treat some hitherto resistant dermatoses. But this magic drug can cause enough mischief if used inappropriately. Children are more susceptible to the systemic adverse effects because of enhanced percutaneous absorption through their tender skin. So, systemic side effects should be kept in mind while prescribing this therapeutically valuable topical medicament. PMID:25284850

Dhar, Sandipan; Seth, Joly; Parikh, Deepak

2014-01-01

323

Antiinflammatory activity of topically applied sertaconazole nitrate.  

PubMed

The antiinflammatory activity of topically applied sertaconazole nitrate was investigated. The dermal administration of 2% sertaconazole to rats, in which edema was induced by application of croton oil in the external ear, induced a 39.8% reduction of edema. The results show that sertaconazole applied by topical route at the concentration at which it is used in clinic, has antiinflammatory action in this experimental model. PMID:8803954

Agut, J; Tarrida, N; Sacristán, A; Ortiz, J A

1996-05-01

324

Topical tranexamic acid as a promising treatment for melasma  

PubMed Central

Background: In recent times, tranexamic acid (TA) is claimed to have whitening effects especially for ultraviolet-induced hyperpigmentation including melasma. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical solution of TA and compare it with combined solution of hydroquinone and dexamethasone as the gold standard treatment of melasma in Iranian women. Materials and Methods: This was a double-blind split-face trial of 12 weeks which was conducted in Isfahan, Iran. Fifty Iranian melasma patients applied topical solution of 3% TA on one side of the face, and topical solution of 3% hydroquinone + 0.01% dexamethasone on the other side two times a day. The Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI) and the side effects were evaluated at baseline and every 4 weeks before and after photographs to be compared by a dermatologist were taken. The patient satisfaction was documented at week 12. Results: A repeated measurement analysis was used to evaluate the changes in the MASI score before and after treatments. A significant decreasing trend was observed in the MASI score of both groups with no significant difference between them during the study (P < 0.05). No differences were seen in patients’ and investigator's satisfaction of melasma improvement between two groups (P < 0.05). However, the side effects of hydroquinone + dexamethasone were significantly prominent compared with TA (P = 0.01). Conclusion: This study's results introduce the topical TA as an effective and safe medication for the treatment of melasma.

Ebrahimi, Bahareh; Naeini, Farahnaz Fatemi

2014-01-01

325

Alignment and stability of future machines  

SciTech Connect

Leading accelerator laboratories mount serious efforts in alignment and vibration studies concerning stability of future accelerator facilities such as photon and meson factories, future linear colliders (LCs), and hadron supercolliders (HCs). Some 200 publications covered the topic since late 80s, following pioneering works of G.E. Fischer. Four International workshops on accelerator alignment were held since 1989 at SLAC, DESY, CERN and KEK. The SSCL hosted the workshop on vibration control and dynamic alignment (1992). This article briefly covers some present achievements and issues in the field. We discuss major effects and tolerances for the future accelerators, results of measurements up-to-date, correction techniques and make some conclusions.

Shiltsev, V.D.

1996-06-01

326

Resources for the Future (RFF)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Washington DC, Resources for the Future (RFF) is an independent, nonprofit organization devoted to the economic aspects of environmental issues. RFF scholars examine topics such as government regulation, risk, biodiversity, climate, Superfund policy, technology, and outer space in a variety of freely available discussion papers, articles, project summaries, and reports [.pdf]. An archive of the RFF quarterly publication Resource dating back to 1995 [.pdf] is also available in addition to an on-site glossary and list of up-coming seminars.

Future., Resources F.

327

Wound Healing Activity of Topical Application Forms Based on Ayurveda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional Indian medicine—Ayurveda, describes various herbs, fats, oils and minerals with anti-aging as well as wound healing properties. With aging, numerous changes occur in skin, including decrease in tissue cell regeneration, decrease in collagen content, loss of skin elasticity and mechanical strength. We prepared five topical anti-aging formulations using cow ghee, flax seed oil, Phyllanthus emblica fruits, Shorea robusta

Hema Sharma Datta; Shankar Kumar Mitra; Bhushan Patwardhan

2009-01-01

328

Results from Symposium on Future Orbital Power Systems Technology Requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology deficiencies, adequacy of current programs, and recommendations for reducing the testing and risks involved in future orbital energy systems made at the NASA Symposium are summarized. Photovoltaic space power system problems, including structural dynamics and attitude control problems due to solar array flexing; solar cell radiation resistance, manufacturing capability, and cost reduction; solar arrays including inflatable arrays, spectrum selection to increase efficiency, and polymer coatings for cells; battery technology; the endurance data base for fuel cell and electrolysis technology, and power management were discussed. Other topics considered were laser/microwave power transmission, thermal management, nuclear power systems, and environmental interactions. It was concluded that a 'front end' system study is needed in each area and current programs for multi-hundred-kW power systems are underscoped.

Gorland, S.

1979-01-01

329

Digital Telematics: Present and Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of developments in international telecommunications networks focuses on their importance for developing countries and the necessary interdependence of all countries. Highlights include digital technology, telephone service, packet switching networks, communications satellites, fiber optic cables, and possible future developments.…

Stalberg, Christian E.

1987-01-01

330

Hospitality marketing research from 2000 to 2009 : Topics, methods, and trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to provide an analysis of published marketing research within the top four hospitality journals and suggest future research directions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study selects the top four hospitality-oriented journals and analyzes the topics, methods, and trends of hospitality marketing articles published between 2000 and 2009 through a qualitative research design using content

Myongjee Yoo; Sojung Lee; Billy Bai

2011-01-01

331

Toward the Greening of Our Minds: A New Special Topics Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new special-topics course on green chemistry would help students to critically evaluate policy decisions in an environmentally conscientious manner. The actively acquired knowledge would allow students to spread the word about green chemistry in the long term to the world, where they would pursue their future goals of life.

Marteel-Parrish, Anne E.

2007-01-01

332

Fluidics research, including vortex and jet pipe valves  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research at the Systems and Control Laboratory is reported. Topics discussed include: response characteristics of laminar fluidic amplifiers, power amplification with a vortex valve, pulse-supply-mode fluidics, speed control system employing a jet pipe valve, and the fluidics reference center.

1973-01-01

333

Framtidens lantbruk / Future Agriculture Future Agriculture  

E-print Network

Framtidens lantbruk / Future Agriculture Future Agriculture ­ Livestock, Crops and Land Use Report from a multidisciplinary research platform. Phase I (2009 ­ 2012) #12;Future Agriculture ­ Livestock Waldenström Utgivningsår: 2012, Uppsala Utgivare: SLU, Framtidens lantbruk/Future Agriculture Layout: Pelle

334

Futurity: Discover the Future Earth & Environment  

E-print Network

Futurity: Discover the Future Earth & Environment· Dipstick test curtails rice paddy pollution under EU ban? Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 1 Comment Predicting Earth's tectonic dance Tuesday, March 23 of Illinois Page 1 of 5Futurity.org ­ Electronic coffee snob sniffs out brands 3/29/2010http://futurity

Suslick, Kenneth S.

335

Advanced control technology and its potential for future transport aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The topics covered include fly by wire, digital control, control configured vehicles, applications to advanced flight vehicles, advanced propulsion control systems, and active control technology for transport aircraft.

1976-01-01

336

Selected topics on parton distribution functions  

SciTech Connect

We report recent studies on structure functions of the nucleon and nuclei. First, clustering effects are investigated in the structure function F{sub 2} of {sup 9}Be for explaining an unusual nuclear correction found in a JLab experiment. We propose that high densities created by formation of clustering structure like 2{alpha}+neutron in {sup 9}Be is the origin of the unexpected JLab result by using the antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD). There is an approved proposal at JLab to investigate the structure functions of light nuclei including the cluster structure, so that much details will become clear in a few years. Second, tensor-polarized quark and antiquark distributions are obtained by analyzing HERMES measurements on the structure function b{sub 1} for the deuteron. The result suggests a finite tensor polarization for antiquark distributions, which is an interesting topic for further theoretical and experimental investigations. An experimental proposal exists at JLab for measuring b{sub 1} of the deuteron as a new tensor-structure study in 2010's. Furthermore, the antiquark tensor polarization could be measured by polarized deuteron Drell-Yan processes at hadron facilities such as J-PARC and GSI-FAIR. Third, the recent CDF dijet anomaly is investigated within the standard model by considering possible modifications of the strange-quark distribution. We find that the shape of a dijet-mass spectrum changes depending on the strange-quark distribution. It indicates that the CDF excess could be partially explained as a PDF effect, particularly by the strangeness in the nucleon, within the standard model if the excess at m{sub jj}{approx_equal}140 GeV is not a sharp peak.

Hirai, M.; Saito, K. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science 2641, Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba, 278-8510 (Japan); Kawamura, H. [KEK Theory Center, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, KEK 1-1, Ooho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0801 (Japan); Kumano, S. [KEK Theory Center, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, KEK 1-1, Ooho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0801 (Japan); J-PARC Branch, KEK Theory Center, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, KEK and Theory Group, Particle and Nuclear Physics Division, J-PARC Center 203-1, Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki, 319-1106 (Japan)

2011-12-14

337

Mucosal Pigmentation after Oral Lichen planus Treatment with Topical Tacrolimus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Erosive oral lichen planus (OLP) is a painful chronic inflammatory disease that is sometimes resistant to systemic or topical therapies. Topical steroids remain the mainstay of therapy, but topical tacrolimus has recently been used to treat OLP resistant to topical corticosteroids. Topical tacrolimus appears as an effective and safe treatment of symptomatic OLP. We report the first histopathologically documented case

J. C. Fricain; V. Sibaud; F. Campana; S. Lepreux; A. Taïeb

2005-01-01

338

Allergic rhinitis: meaningful and less meaningful combination treatments including reminiscences.  

PubMed

Allergic rhinitis (AR) results from a complex allergen-driven mucosal inflammation in the nasal cavity. Current guideline-based therapy for allergic rhinitis include oral and nasal antihistamines, topical and systemic glucocorticoids, decongestants, antimuscarinic agents, mast cell stabilizing drugs, leukotriene-receptor antagonists, and others. In spite of guideline recommendations, most patients are using multiple therapies in an attempt to achieve symptom control. Therefore, more effective therapies for the management of AR are clearly required. Recently, a novel fixed dose combination containing azelastine and fluticasone propionate has successfully been introduced. At present, it represents the only meaningful topical drug combination. Perhaps, it will be followed by others. PMID:24974572

Szelenyi, I

2014-06-01

339

Tribological Limitations in Gas Turbine Engines: A Workshop to Identify the Challenges and Set Future Directions. Revised  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following report represents a compendium of selected speaker presentation materials and observations made by Prof. O. Pinkus at the NASA/ASME/Industry sponsored workshop entitled "Tribological Limitations in Gas Turbine Engines" held on September 15-17, 1999 in Albany, New York. The impetus for the workshop came from the ASME's Research Committee on tribology whose goal is to explore new tribological research topics which may become future research opportunities. Since this subject is of current interest to other industrial and government entities the conference received cosponsorship as noted above. The conference was well attended by government, industrial, and academic participants. Topics discussed included current tribological issues in gas turbines as well as the potential impact (drawbacks and advantages) of future tribological technologies especially foil air bearings and magnetic bearings. It is hoped that this workshop report may serve as a starting point for continued discussions and activities in oil-free turbomachinery systems.

DellaCorte, Chris; Pinkus, Oscar

2002-01-01

340

Future integrated design process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design process is one of the sources used to produce requirements for a computer system to integrate and manage product design data, program management information, and technical computation and engineering data management activities of the aerospace design process. Design activities were grouped chronologically and explored for activity type, activity interface, data quantity, and data flow. The work was based on analysis of the design process of several typical aerospace products, including both conventional and supersonic airplanes and a hydrofoil design. Activities examined included research, preliminary design, detail design, manufacturing interface, product verification, and product support. The design process was then described in an IPAD environment--the future.

Meyer, D. D.

1980-01-01

341

Ganciclovir ophthalmic gel 0.15% for the treatment of acute herpetic keratitis: background, effectiveness, tolerability, safety, and future applications  

PubMed Central

Eye disease due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a leading cause of ocular morbidity and the number one infectious cause of unilateral corneal blindness in the developed parts of the globe. Recurrent keratitis can result in progressive corneal scarring, thinning, and vascularization. Antiviral agents employed against HSV have primarily been nucleoside analogs. Early generation drugs included idoxuridine, iododesoxycytidine, vidarabine, and trifluridine. While effective, they tended to have low bioavailability and measurable local cellular toxicity due to their nonselective mode of action. Acyclovir 0.3% ointment is a more selective agent, and had become a first-line topical drug for acute HSV keratitis in Europe and other places outside of the US. Ganciclovir 0.15% gel is the most recently approved topical treatment for herpes keratitis. Compared to acyclovir 0.3% ointment, ganciclovir 0.15% gel has been shown to be better tolerated and no less effective in several Phase II and III trials. Additionally, topical ganciclovir does not cause adverse systemic side effects and is therapeutic at lower concentrations. Based on safety, efficacy, and tolerability, ganciclovir 0.15% gel should now be considered a front-line topical drug in the treatment of dendritic herpes simplex epithelial keratitis. Topics of future investigation regarding other potential uses for ganciclovir gel may include the prophylaxis of recurrent HSV epithelial keratitis, treatment of other forms of ocular disease caused by herpesviruses and adenovirus, and ganciclovir gel as an adjunct to antitumor therapy.

Chou, Timothy Y; Hong, Bennett Y

2014-01-01

342

Essays on the Future of Continuing Education Worldwide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics chosen for these eight seminar papers divide basically into three categories: discussions on processes and methods for planning for the future of adult education; attempts to project into the future such worldwide problems as urbanism, conflict, the population explosion, and specific adult education trends; and discussion of the current…

Ziegler, Warren L., Ed.

343

Commentary: The Past and Present of the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research on children's thinking about the future has taken multiple directions, many of which are illustrated in the contributions to this special issue. In this commentary the topic is discussed in the context of research on children's understanding of time, and some of the adaptive challenges of thinking about the future are considered.…

Friedman, William J.

2011-01-01

344

CUSTOMER COMMENTS ON COUNCIL'S DRAFT RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING BPA'S FUTURE ROLE  

E-print Network

1 CUSTOMER COMMENTS ON COUNCIL'S DRAFT RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING BPA'S FUTURE ROLE INTRODUCTION These comments are submitted on behalf of BPA's customers in response to the draft recommendations released into the topic of BPA's future role, and look forward to continuing to work with the Council to successfully

345

Chronic postsurgical pain: still a neglected topic?  

PubMed Central

Background Surgical injury can frequently lead to chronic pain. Despite the obvious importance of this problem, the first publications on chronic pain after surgery as a general topic appeared only a decade ago. This study tests the hypothesis that chronic postsurgical pain was, and still is, represented insufficiently. Methods We analyzed the presentation of this topic in journal articles covered by PubMed and in surgical textbooks. The following signs of insufficient representation in journal articles were used: (1) the lack of journal editorials on chronic pain after surgery, (2) the lack of journal articles with titles clearly indicating that they are devoted to chronic postsurgical pain, and (3) the insufficient representation of chronic postsurgical pain in the top surgical journals. Results It was demonstrated that insufficient representation of this topic existed in 1981–2000, especially in surgical journals and textbooks. Interest in this topic began to increase, however, mostly regarding one specific surgery: herniorrhaphy. It is important that the change in the attitude toward chronic postsurgical pain spreads to other groups of surgeries. Conclusion Chronic postsurgical pain is still a neglected topic, except for pain after herniorrhaphy. The change in the attitude toward chronic postsurgical pain is the important first step in the approach to this problem. PMID:23152698

Kissin, Igor; Gelman, Simon

2012-01-01

346

From HEALTH TOPICS on the UHS Web site www.rochester.edu/uhs  

E-print Network

From HEALTH TOPICS on the UHS Web site www.rochester.edu/uhs Bronchitis University Health Service of breath. Smoking is frequently associated with chronic bronchitis. SYMPTOMS Symptoms may include: · A deep

Mahon, Bradford Z.

347

Comparative Cognition: Past, Present, and Future  

PubMed Central

Comparative cognition is the field of inquiry concerned with understanding the cognitive abilities and mechanisms that are evident in nonhuman species. Assessments of animal cognition have a long history, but in recent years there has been an explosion of new research topics, and a general broadening of the phylogenetic map of animal cognition. To review the past of comparative cognition, we describe the historical trends. In regards to the present state, we examine current “hot topics” in comparative cognition. Finally, we offer our unique and combined thoughts on the future of the field.

Beran, Michael J.; Parrish, Audrey E.; Perdue, Bonnie M.; Washburn, David A.

2014-01-01

348

Topic Modeling with Nonparametric Markov Tree  

PubMed Central

A new hierarchical tree-based topic model is developed, based on nonparametric Bayesian techniques. The model has two unique attributes: (i) a child node in the tree may have more than one parent, with the goal of eliminating redundant sub-topics deep in the tree; and (ii) parsimonious sub-topics are manifested, by removing redundant usage of words at multiple scales. The depth and width of the tree are unbounded within the prior, with a retrospective sampler employed to adaptively infer the appropriate tree size based upon the corpus under study. Excellent quantitative results are manifested on five standard data sets, and the inferred tree structure is also found to be highly interpretable.

Chen, Haojun; Dunson, David B.; Carin, Lawrence

2013-01-01

349

Future Aspects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are some disturbing signs that appear on the horizon as phenolic resins enter their second century of existence. The large area of wood adhesives application (~60% of the total volume of phenolic resins in North America) is under intense pressure due to many factors that are contributing to continuing reduction in the sales volume of wood adhesives. These factors include the known slow cure speed of phenolic resins compared to Urea Formaldehyde (UF), Melamine Formaldehyde (MF), or Methylene Diphenyl Isocyanate (MDI); installation of new machinery/ equipment with fast continuous lines; continued decrease in plywood consumption at the expense of Oriented Strand Board (OSB) where phenolic resin is the preferred adhesive for plywood; further reduction in formaldehyde emissions through California Air Resources Board (CARB) Phase I and Phase II; uncertainty of whether formaldehyde will be identified as a human carcinogen pending the anticipated 2009 study; and the environmental movement to reduce or eliminate formaldehyde-containing resins in wood and thermal insulation consumer products (U.S. Green Building Council and other Environmental groups like the Sierra Club). Consumers are being urged by environmental organizations to purchase composite wood products with lower formaldehyde emission levels or none at all. This is illustrated by examining the news media reports after the Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The home trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) that were used for Louisiana and Mississippi residents after Katrina hurricane as temporary housing further accelerated concerns over formaldehyde emissions since higher than typical indoor exposure levels of formaldehyde in travel trailers and mobile homes were determined for the FEMA trailers.

Pilato, Louis

350

Institute for Software Technology Advanced Topics of Artificial Intelligence  

E-print Network

Institute for Software Technology Advanced Topics of Artificial Intelligence - Organization & Gerald Steinbauer 5 Advanced Topics of AI - Organization Technology A 8010 GrazA-8010 Graz Austria Alexander Felferning & Gerald Steinbauer 1 Advanced Topics of AI

351

Conference report: hot topics in antibody-drug conjugate development.  

PubMed

American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists National Biotechnology Conference Sheraton San Diego Hotel and Marina, San Diego, CA, USA, 19-23 May 2013 The National Biotechnology Conference, is a premier meeting for biotechnology professionals covering a broad range of hot topics in the biotechnology industry. Attracting participants from academia, industry and regulatory, this meeting features sessions that aim to address emerging subjects of interest and allows for open exchange between scientists. The 2013 conference featured leading researchers in the fields of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) and immunogenicity. Herein, we present a summary of the ADC hot topics, including bioanalytical and PK considerations, quantitative evaluation of the impact of immunogenicity and ADME to understand ADC drug-drug interactions, and clinical considerations for ADC development. This article aims to summarize the recommendations that were made by the speakers during various sessions throughout the conference. PMID:24320125

Thudium, Karen; Bilic, Sanela

2013-12-01

352

Achieving hemostasis in dermatology-Part II: Topical hemostatic agents  

PubMed Central

Bleeding is a common occurrence during any dermatologic surgery that disrupts blood vessels. The complications of excess bleeding can include delayed wound healing, hematoma formation, infection, dehiscence, and necrosis. In part one of this review, we discussed the pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative management of patients undergoing dermatologic surgery. In Part two, we discuss traditional and new topical hemostatic agents used to achieve hemostasis in dermatological procedures and surgery. We will evaluate the caustic and non-caustic hemostatic agents as well as hemostatic dressings. The mechanisms of action, side effect profile, and advantages and disadvantages of the topical hemostatic agents are provided. Sources for this article were found searching the English literature in PubMed for the time period 1940 to March 2012. A thorough bibliography search was also performed and key references examined. PMID:23984226

Glick, Jaimie B.; Kaur, Ravneet R.; Siegel, Daniel

2013-01-01

353

Sertaconazole: updated review of a topical antifungal agent.  

PubMed

Sertaconazole is an imidazole-type antifungal agent that has shown considerable in vitro activity against pathogenic fungi. Various studies carried out in animal models, clinical and toxicologic trials have confirmed the value of sertaconazole in the topical treatment of superficial mycoses in dermatology and gynecology. After several years of clinical experience in the topical treatment of dermatophytosis and Tinea versicolor, the substance has been approved for gynecologic candidiasis in Europe. Sertaconazole has a wide action spectrum that includes yeasts and dermatophyte fungi, and it is also active against bacteria, mainly Gram-positive cocci, making it highly efficient in the treatment of polymicrobial infections. The recent approval of the molecule by the US Food and Drug Administration, and the appearance of a new formulation of sertaconazole for the treatment of onychomycoses on a weekly administrative basis, are all data relevant to the process of marketing the product. PMID:15954850

Carrillo-Muñoz, Alfonso J; Giusiano, Gustavo; Ezkurra, Pilar Ariadna; Quindós, Guillermo

2005-06-01

354

Selected topics on Hadrons in Nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this talk we report on selected topics on hadrons in nuclei. The first topic is the renormalization of the width of the ?(1520) in a nuclear medium. This is followed by a short update of the situation of the ? in the medium. The investigation of the properties of bar K in the nuclear medium from the study of the (Kflight,p) reaction is also addressed, as well as properties of X,Y,Z charmed and hidden charm resonances in a nuclear medium. Finally we address the novel issue of multimeson states.

Oset, E.; Kaskulov, M.; Hernandez, E.; Ramos, A.; Magas, V. K.; Yamagata-Sekihara, J.; Hirenzaki, S.; Gamermann, D.; Molina, R.; Tolos, L.; Roca, L.

2011-09-01

355

Vulvar Skin Atrophy Induced by Topical Glucocorticoids  

PubMed Central

Steroid induced skin atrophy is the most frequent and perhaps most important cutaneous side effect of topical glucocorticoid therapy. To date, it has not been described in vulvar skin. We describe a patient with significant vulvar skin atrophy following prolonged steroid application to treat vulvar dermatitis. The extensive atrophy in the perineum resulted in secondary ‘webbing’ and partial obstruction of genital hiatus and superimposed dyspareunia. Prolonged topical steroids may result in atrophic changes in vulvar skin. Therefore, further research in clinical correlates of steroid-induced atrophy in the vulvar region is warranted. PMID:22594868

Johnson, Elisabeth; Groben, Pamela; Eanes, Alisa; Iyer, Priya; Ugoeke, Joseph; Zolnoun, Denniz

2011-01-01

356

Topics in Lake Effect Snow Forecasting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lake and ocean effect processes can have a significant impact on snowfall amounts in many parts of North America, and can be very tricky to forecast. This short module is a collection of narrated reference material on many aspects of lake effect snow forecasting. It is divided into three main topics: Basic Ingredients of Lake/Ocean Snow, Banding Processes, and Satellite Detection. These materials are also available as the separate Supporting Topics within the case exercise module, Ocean Effect Snow: New England Snow Storm, 14 January 1999: http://meted.ucar.edu/norlat/snow/ocean_effect_case/.

Comet

2005-02-09

357

Bradyarrhythmias secondary to topical levobunolol hydrochloride solution  

PubMed Central

An 88-year-old man was admitted with fatigue, dizziness, and heart palpitations. Both the electrocardiogram and Holter confirmed the existence of sinus bradycardia and sinus arrest. One hour prior to the onset of symptoms, he received levobunolol hydrochloride solution topically. The levobunolol hydrochloride solution was discontinued and the bradycardia resolved. He was diagnosed as having intermittent sinus bradycardia and sinus arrest, induced by topical ?-blocker therapy. Levobunolol hydrochloride solution is an effective therapy for ocular hypertension, probably by reducing aqueous fluid production. However, it can induce cardiac side effects such as bradyarrhythmia and should be used with caution in elderly patients or patients with cardiac disease. PMID:25342892

Lin, Lianjun; Wang, Yuchuan; Chen, Yan; Liu, Meilin

2014-01-01

358

A Combined Topical/Non-topical Approach to Identifying Web Sites for Children  

E-print Network

surveys [27] found that close to 40% of UK children aged 5-15 years access the Internet without parental the behaviour that is displayed by parents and teachers. The age at which children have their first contactA Combined Topical/Non-topical Approach to Identifying Web Sites for Children Carsten Eickhoff

359

Plant cell Biology 4220/5220 Topic-by-topic class outline  

E-print Network

Plant cell Biology 4220/5220 Topic-by-topic class outline 09 September Introduction Photosynthesis III 23 September Plant Cell I 28 September Plant Cell II 30 September Plant mitochondrial dynamics (Guest lecture) 05 October Programmed cell death (PCD) (I) 07 October Programmed cell death (PCD) (II) 12

Adl, Sina

360

Topic 1: IntroductionTopic 1: Introduction What is a Computer?What is a Computer?  

E-print Network

Topic 1: IntroductionTopic 1: Introduction 1 What is a Computer?What is a Computer? What is Computer Science?What is Computer Science? How do we Solve Problems with aHow do we Solve Problems with a Computer?Computer? What is a Computer?What is a Computer? 2 What is a Computer?What is a Computer

Stephenson, Ben

361

Topic congruence and topic interest: How do they affect second language reading comprehension?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because human memory is largely reconstructive, people tend to reorganize and reevaluate an event in a way that is coherent to the truth values held in their belief system. This study investigated the role of topic congruence (defined as whether the reading content corresponds with readers' prior beliefs towards a contentious topic) in second language (L2) reading comprehension. In addition

Sang-Ki Lee

2009-01-01

362

A few good topics: Experiments in topic set reduction for retrieval evaluation  

E-print Network

A few good topics: Experiments in topic set reduction for retrieval evaluation JOHN GUIVER of effectiveness metrics and measures of goodness of prediction, a study of a set of TREC and NTCIR results of this material without fee for personal or classroom use provided that the copies are not made or distributed

Robertson, Stephen

363

Topic Congruence and Topic Interest: How Do They Affect Second Language Reading Comprehension?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because human memory is largely reconstructive, people tend to reorganize and reevaluate an event in a way that is coherent to the truth values held in their belief system. This study investigated the role of topic congruence (defined as whether the reading content corresponds with readers' prior beliefs towards a contentious topic) in second…

Lee, Sang-Ki

2009-01-01

364

Pathology waste includes: Transgenic animals.  

E-print Network

Collection" form. · We will pick up your waste within 1-3 days. University of California, IrvinePathology waste includes: · Transgenic animals. · Potentially transgenic animals including, "no of as a hazardous chemical waste. The tissues or carcasses can then be disposed of as pathology waste. Labeling

George, Steven C.

365

Analysis Topic: Runway Overrun at Sao Paulo-  

E-print Network

Analysis Topic: Runway Overrun at Sao Paulo- Congonhas, 2007-07-17 Analyst: Bernd Sieker Report Incident description: An Airbus A320 operated by TAM Linhas Aereas overran the runway ot CGH #12;Legend of Factorshapes #12;Why-Because Graph #12;Timeline of Events #12;Factor List - Overview 1 A/C overruns runway

Ladkin, Peter B.

366

Alternative Approaches to Traditional Topics in Algebra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who otherwise seem unreachable through traditional approaches to algebra require some alternative teaching methods. So do teachers who seek to add elements of freshness and innovation to their classrooms or who simply appreciate variety. This article offers some unconventional techniques for teaching a few conventional algebra topics.…

Coburn, John W.

2010-01-01

367

Six Hot Topics in Planetary Astronomy  

E-print Network

Six hot topics in modern planetary astronomy are described: 1) lightcurves and densities of small bodies 2) colors of Kuiper belt objects and the distribution of the ultrared matter 3) spectroscopy and the crystallinity of ice in the outer Solar system 4) irregular satellites of the giant planets 5) the Main Belt Comets and 6) comets and meteor stream parents.

David Jewitt

2008-11-14

368

Systems Comprehensive Exams Topics Patrick G. Bridges  

E-print Network

Systems Comprehensive Exams Topics Patrick G. Bridges November 23, 2004 1 Introduction I've divided, servers, device drivers, interrupt processing) · Scheduling · Memory-management (e.g. virtual memory switched networks · Basic characteristics of physical networks like Ethernet · Routing basics · TCP

Maccabe, Barney

369

It's Elementary: Special Topics in Elementary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As elementary teachers work to educate and meet the needs of the students in their care, their job has become increasingly challenging and demanding. This volume addresses a variety of issues and topics related to elementary education around eight sectional themes relevant to the work of elementary teachers: celebrating diversity, classroom…

Crawford, Patricia A., Ed.; Burriss, Kathleen Glascott, Ed.

370

Tinea nigra: successful treatment with topical butenafine*  

PubMed Central

The authors report a case of Tinea nigra in an 8-year-old child, male, from Itajaí, SC, Brazil, with lesions of the macular hyperchromic type, unique, asymptomatic, localized in the right palmar area. The lesion was treated with the topical antifungal butenafine, with remission of symptoms and without recurrence at follow-up for two years. PMID:23197223

Rossetto, Andre Luiz; Cruz, Rosana Ce Bella

2012-01-01

371

Tinea nigra: successful treatment with topical butenafine.  

PubMed

The authors report a case of Tinea nigra in an 8-year-old child, male, from Itajaí, SC, Brazil, with lesions of the macular hyperchromic type, unique, asymptomatic, localized in the right palmar area. The lesion was treated with the topical antifungal butenafine, with remission of symptoms and without recurrence at follow-up for two years. PMID:23197223

Rossetto, André Luiz; Cruz, Rosana Cé Bella

2012-01-01

372

Finding Speech Topics and Supporting Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students in public speaking classes have trouble finding topics and material that will support their ideas effectively. Too often students have a conceptual emphasis, substituting lengthy explanations about their ideas, in place of images, metaphors, and specific details of carefully observed events that make ideas vivid and meaningful. A…

Monaghan, Therese A.

373

Spring 2012 Variable Topics in Women's Studies  

E-print Network

Spring 2012 Variable Topics in Women's Studies Women's Social Movements in Muslim Contexts WS 3998 The greatest challenges for women in Muslim countries are fundamentalism and the limitations of citizenship's Empowerment in Muslim Context (WEMC). Finally, as an Iranian women's rights leader for more than twenty

Holsinger, Kent

374

Topic in Depth - The Physics of Sports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This topic in depth provides information about the relationship between physics and sports. From baseball to scuba diving, find out how concepts such as velocity, Newton's Laws, and mass factor into the science of sports. Think about this next time you see a home run or a touchdown pass!

2010-09-10

375

Topics in string theory and quantum gravity  

Microsoft Academic Search

These are the lecture notes for the Les Houches Summer School on Quantum Gravity held in July 1992. The notes present some general critical assessment of other (non-string) approaches to quantum gravity, and a selected set of topics concerning what we have learned so far about the subject from string theory. Since these lectures are long (133 A4 pages), we

Luís Alvarez-Gaumé; Miguel Angel Vázquez-Mozo

1992-01-01

376

Topics in String Theory and Quantum Gravity  

Microsoft Academic Search

These are the lecture notes for the Les Houches Summer School on Quantum Gravity held in July 1992. The notes present some general critical assessment of other (non-string) approaches to quantum gravity, and a selected set of topics concerning what we have learned so far about the subject from string theory. Since these lectures are long (133 A4 pages), we

L. Alvarez-Gaume; M. A. Vazquez-Mozo

1992-01-01

377

Topical Use of Dexpanthenol in Skin Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pantothenic acid is essential to normal epithelial function. It is a component of coenzyme A, which serves as a cofactor for a variety of enzyme-catalyzed reactions that are important in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fatty acids, proteins, gluconeogenesis, sterols, steroid hormones, and porphyrins. The topical use of dex- panthenol, the stable alcoholic analog of pantothenic acid, is based on good

Fritz Ebner; Andreas Heller; Frank Rippke; Irene Tausch

2002-01-01

378

MC-CAM Research Topics Organic LEDs  

E-print Network

MC-CAM Research Topics Organic LEDs Phosphors and materials for solid state lighting Battery of California Santa Barbara, CA 93106-5150 Phone: 805-893-7913 Fax: 805-893-8797 TUTUhttp://www.mc-cam The Mitsubishi Chemical Center for Advanced Materials (MC-CAM) is a materials research center that commenced

Bigelow, Stephen

379

Public Health Grand Rounds Date Topic Speaker  

E-print Network

2013-2014 Public Health Grand Rounds Date Topic Speaker Tuesday Feb 4 th , 2014 8:00-9:00am Public, Associate Professor DFPM/Division of Public Health University of Utah Scott Benson, MD, MPH, PhD Assistant Professor DFPM/Division of Public Health University of Utah Windy Tanner, PhD © DFPM/Division of Public

380

Active Research Topics in Human Machine Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies active research topics concerning human machine interfaces for intelligent machine systems. The paper was compiled by performing a series of literature searches and organizing the information according to the author's interest in better directing his own Human Machine Interface (HMI) research. Introductory literature from outside the HMI communities is also referenced to provide context.

Michael J. McDonald

2000-01-01

381

A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?  

E-print Network

A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

New Hampshire, University of

382

Parent-Teen Communication about Sexual Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines parent-teen communication about sexual topics in mother-teen (n=666) and father-teen (n=510) pairs. Results show that, aside from gender of parents and teens, demographic variables were insignificant; relationship and attitudinal variables were linked to sexual discussions in both mother-teen and father-teen dyads. (Author/MKA)

Raffaelli, Marcela; Bogenschneider, Karen; Flood, Mary Fran

1998-01-01

383

Major Topics of School Business Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen articles on major topics facing school business officials in the 1980s are presented in this book. The titles and their authors are (1) "The Pursuit of Equity in Financing Public Education," by R. Craig Wood, Helene B. Jones, and William L. Riley; (2) "Facilities: Major Issues Ahead," by C. William Day; (3) "Cooperative Decision Making in…

Clark, James E., Ed.; Hertz, Karl V., Ed.

384

Topical Antimicrobials for Burn Wound Infections  

PubMed Central

Throughout most of history, serious burns occupying a large percentage of body surface area were an almost certain death sentence because of subsequent infection. A number of factors such as disruption of the skin barrier, ready availability of bacterial nutrients in the burn milieu, destruction of the vascular supply to the burned skin, and systemic disturbances lead to immunosuppression combined together to make burns particularly susceptible to infection. In the 20th century the introduction of antibiotic and antifungal drugs, the use of topical antimicrobials that could be applied to burns, and widespread adoption of early excision and grafting all helped to dramatically increase survival. However the relentless increase in microbial resistance to antibiotics and other antimicrobials has led to a renewed search for alternative approaches to prevent and combat burn infections. This review will cover patented strategies that have been issued or filed with regard to new topical agents, preparations, and methods of combating burn infections. Animal models that are used in preclinical studies are discussed. Various silver preparations (nanocrystalline and slow release) are the mainstay of many approaches but antimicrobial peptides, topical photodynamic therapy, chitosan preparations, new iodine delivery formulations, phage therapy and natural products such as honey and essential oils have all been tested. This active area of research will continue to provide new topical antimicrobials for burns that will battle against growing multi-drug resistance. PMID:20429870

Dai, Tianhong; Huang, Ying-Ying; Sharma, Sulbha K.; Hashmi, Javad T.; Kurup, Divya B.; Hamblin, Michael R.

2010-01-01

385

Islamic AstronomyIslamic Astronomy Topics covered  

E-print Network

in September 622 C.E. which led to the foundation of the first Muslim city-state, a turning point in IslamicIslamic AstronomyIslamic Astronomy #12;Topics covered ·· Islamic calendarIslamic calendar ·· types importance in the structure ofof kaabakaaba ·· problems in Islamic astronomyproblems in Islamic astronomy

Aslaksen, Helmer

386

Purely URL-based topic classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given only the URL of a web page, can we identify its topic? This is the question that we examine in this paper. Usually, web pages are classied using their content (7), but a URL-only classier is preferable, (i) when speed is cru- cial, (ii) to enable content ltering before an (objectionable) web page is downloaded, (iii) when a page's

Eda Baykan; Monika Rauch Henzinger; Ludmila Marian; Ingmar Weber

2009-01-01

387

Topic in Depth - Harvesting the Rain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Rain harvesting has experienced a bit of a renaissance in recent years through the promotion and installation of rain gardens and rain barrels. These water collection mechanisms help to curb erosion and the spread of pollution; conserve precious freshwater; and support water-loving plants. This Topic in Depth presents websites and electronic publications containing instructive and descriptive information about rain gardens and barrels.

2010-09-03

388

Advanced Topics in Computer Vision and Robotics  

E-print Network

opinion, compare related to the other papers on the same topic! · Presenter should stimulate! Medical and scientific images! · Vision is useful: Images and video are everywhere!! #12;4! COMP 776Photo software! http://www.apple.com/ilife/iphoto/! Vision-based interaction (and games)! Assistive technologies

Kosecka, Jana

389

Topic in Depth - Surface Chemistry Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Topic in Depth explores the field of surface chemistry, which is the study of the physical and chemical properties of matter at the transition of states such as solid-to-liquid and liquid-to-gas. This folder contains information about the research and applications of surface chemistry.

2010-09-03

390

Recommending Patents based on Latent Topics  

E-print Network

Recommending Patents based on Latent Topics Ralf Krestel Department of Computer Science University, Irvine smyth@ics.uci.edu ABSTRACT The availability of large volumes of granted patents and ap- plications retrieval meth- ods to facilitate access and analysis of patents. In this pa- per we investigate techniques

Smyth, Padhraic

391

Conversational Topics of Four-Year-Olds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conversational samples of 10 dyads of 4-year-old children during play were analyzed. All dyads evidenced some lengthy topics (13-91 utterances), characterized by 3 text-level functions: enacting scenarios, describing, and problem solving. Three-fourths of all dialogues were considered relatively short. (Author/JDD)

Schober-Peterson, Debra; Johnson, Cynthia J.

1989-01-01

392

SEVEN TOPICS IN FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING  

PubMed Central

Functional MRI (fMRI) is a non-invasive brain imaging methodology that started in 1991 and allows human brain activation to be imaged at high resolution within only a few minutes. Because it has extremely high sensitivity, is relatively easy to implement, and can be performed on most standard clinical MRI scanners. It continues to grow at an explosive rate throughout the world. Over the years, at any given time, fMRI has been defined by only a handful of major topics that have been the focus of researchers using and developing the methodology. In this review, I attempt to take a snapshot of the field of fMRI as it is in mid-2009 by discussing the seven topics that I feel are most on the minds of fMRI researchers. The topics are, in no particular order or grouping: (1) Clinical impact, (2) Utilization of individual functional maps, (3) fMRI signal interpretation, (4) Pattern effect mapping and decoding, (5) Endogenous oscillations, (6) MRI technology, and (7) Alternative functional contrast mechanisms. Most of these topics are highly interdependent, each advancing as the others advance. While most fMRI involves applications towards clinical or neuroscience questions, all applications are fundamentally dependent on advances in basic methodology as well as advances in our understanding of the relationship between neuronal activity and fMRI signal changes. This review neglects almost completely an in-depth discussion of applications. Rather the discussions are on the methods and interpretation. PMID:19938211

BANDETTINI, PETER A.

2010-01-01

393

News by Topic News by School  

E-print Network

Headlines @Hopkins News by Topic News by School Events Open to the Public Blue Jay Sports Search School of Engineering Advanced Technology Laboratory. "For this reason, holography currently. and a National Science Foundation grant with the technology being demonstrated using equipment at the Johns

Rosen, Joseph

394

Extracting Multilingual Topics from Unaligned Comparable Corpora  

E-print Network

fit the data with relatively fewer topics. b) it has the ability to predict related words from to the bag-of-word based translation model leaving the possibility for JointLDA to be preferred over bag-of-word model for cross-lingual IR applications. We also found that the monolingual models learnt while

Daume III, Hal

395

Spring 2012 Variable Topics in Women's Studies  

E-print Network

Spring 2012 Variable Topics in Women's Studies Queer Migration WS 3998, Section 002 Instructor and desires; and the impact of digital media and cultural advocacy on the globalization of sexual rights, between, and beyond the boundaries of the nation-state. Please contact the Women's Studies Program

Alpay, S. Pamir

396

Controlling Conversations: Turns, Topics, and Interpersonal Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines managing floor time and topical focus as manifestations of interpersonal dominance in conversations. Finds that the longer a conversational partner talks, and the less related are his or her remarks, the more that partner is perceived to be in control. (SR)

Palmer, Mark T.

1989-01-01

397

Topical Prostaglandin Analogue Drugs Inhibit Adipocyte Differentiation  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the effects of topical prostaglandin analogue drugs on the differentiation of adipocytes. Methods Differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was induced with isobutylmethylxanthine, dexamethasone, and insulin. 3T3-L1 cells were exposed to 0.008, 0.08, 0.2 µM of latanoprost and travoprost. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for mRNA expression of lipoprotein lipase and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? 2 (PPAR?2), and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) assays were performed to examine the effects on early and late differentiation, respectively. Also, glycerol assays were done to evaluate the effect of prostaglandin analogues on lipolysis after differentiation. Results Both prostaglandin analogues inhibited differentiation of preadipocytes. Topical prostaglandin analogues significantly decreased G3PDH activity, a marker of late differentiation. However, topical prostaglandin analogues did not change mRNA expressions of lipoprotein lipase and PPAR?2, markers of early differentiation. The activities of the early markers of differentiation were not changed significantly before and after growth arrest. Compared to latanoprost, travoprost decreased G3PDH activity more significantly (p < 0.05). Both prostaglandin analogues did not affect the lipolysis of differentiated adipocytes (p > 0.05). Conclusions Prostaglandin analogues display an inhibitory effect on the differentiation of adipocytes when the cells start to differentiate especially in the late stage of differentiation. Thus, commercial topical prostaglandin analogues may decrease the fat contents of eyelids. PMID:24882960

2014-01-01

398

Briefing Topic: Geologic Tools for the Moon  

E-print Network

Briefing Topic: Geologic Tools for the Moon Review of Apollo David A. Kring 29 December 2009 #12 Apollo Lunar Sample Return Container 55 Small Tool Carrier 58 Large Tool Carrier 62 Crew Training on Apollo · Apollo 11 and 12 · 860 g (1.9 lb) · 41 cm hammer length · 16 cm head length · Apollo 14, 15, 16

Rathbun, Julie A.

399

Teaching Mathematical Trade Topics for Conceptual Understanding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended to assist trade and industrial education teachers in teaching mathematical trade topics in a way that will increase students' conceptual understanding of them. The first chapter provides an overview of the book's contents and suggests ways of using it. The next five chapters address the following aspects of using principles…

Larkin, Alan; Phillips, Keith

400

Space Resources for Teachers: Biology, Including Suggestions for Classroom Activities and Laboratory Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of resource units concerns the latest developments in space biology. Some of the topics included are oxygen consumption, temperature, radiation, rhythms, weightlessness, acceleration and vibration stress, toxicity, and sensory and perceptual problems. Many of the topics are interdisciplinary and relate biology, physiology,…

Lee, Tom E.; And Others

401

PERSIST: Physician's Evaluation of Restasis® Satisfaction in Second Trial of topical cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion 0.05% for dry eye: a retrospective review  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic dry eye disease often requires long-term therapy. Tear film alterations in the setting of dry eye may include reduced tear volume as well as an increase in inflammatory cytokines and osmolarity. Topical cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion 0.05% (Restasis®; Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA) is indicated to increase tear production in patients with dry eye and reduced tear production presumed to be due to ocular inflammation. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a second trial of topical cyclosporine in patients with dry eye who were previously considered treatment failures. Materials and methods This multicenter (three cornea practices) retrospective chart review evaluated clinical outcomes in patients with dry eye who received a second trial of cyclosporine after a prior treatment failure, defined as prior discontinuation of topical cyclosporine after less than 12 weeks. Results Thirty-five patients, most of whom were female (71.4%) and Caucasian (62.9%), were identified. Prior discontinuation was most commonly due to burning/stinging (60%). The median duration of second treatment was 10 months (range 1 week to 45 months). Physician education was provided in the second trial in 97.1% of cases. At initiation of the second trial of cyclosporine, 10 (28.6%) patients received courses of topical corticosteroids. Physicians reported on a questionnaire that 80% of patients achieved clinical benefit with a second trial of cyclosporine. Conclusion A repeat trial with topical cyclosporine can achieve clinical success. Direct patient education via the physician and staff may be key to success. Proper patient education may overcome adherence issues, particularly with respect to the need for long-term treatment of chronic dry eye. This study has the usual limitations associated with a retrospective chart review, and future prospective studies are warranted. PMID:23226002

Mah, Francis; Milner, Mark; Yiu, Samuel; Donnenfeld, Eric; Conway, Taryn M; Hollander, David A

2012-01-01

402

Through a Glass Darkly: Glimpses into the Future of Mass Spectrometry  

PubMed Central

The paper has three parts, (i) a brief overview of the main achievements made using mass spectrometry across all the fields of science, (ii) a survey of some of the topics currently being pursued most activity, including both applications and fundamental studies, and (iii) some hints as to what the future of mass spectrometry might hold with particular emphasis on revolutionary changes in the subject. Emphasis is given to ambient methods of ionization and their use in disease diagnosis and to their use in combination with miniature mass spectrometers for in-situ measurements. Special attention goes to the chemical aspects of mass spectrometry, including its emerging role as a preparative method based on accelerated bimolecular reaction rates in solution and on ion soft landing as a means of surface tailoring. In summary, the paper covers the proud history, vibrant present and expansive future of mass spectrometry. PMID:24349920

Cooks, R. Graham; Mueller, Thomas

2013-01-01

403

Hearts, Minds and Screens: Taming the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the future of online education and the roles of students and teachers. Highlights include using scenarios of future possibilities; participation, including motivation and scaffolding; emotions; time, including the teacher's workload and time expected of students; asynchronicity and complexity; and a list of relevant Web resources. (LRW)

Salmon, Gilly

2002-01-01

404

The State of the Older Worker: Current and Future Needs. Joint Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging and the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session (September 14, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on a congressional hearing discussing the current and future needs of the nation's older workers. A particular focus is the concerns of Hispanic older workers. Topics include job displacement, age discrimination, racial discrimination, unemployment, and the need for specific legislation to alleviate problems. Testimony…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

405

Topical Treatment of Nonhealing Venous Leg Ulcer with Propolis Ointment  

PubMed Central

An investigation of effectiveness of topical treatment of nonhealing chronic venous leg ulcers with propolis ointment was conducted. 56 patients were included in the study and randomized into two groups. In group 1, there were 28 patients (ulceration area: 6.9–9.78?cm2) treated by means of topical propolis ointment application and short stretch bandage compression. In group 2, there were 29 patients (ulceration area: 7.2–9.4?cm2) treated by means of Unna boot leg compression without topical propolis treatment. In the study, the efficacy of both treatment methods in patients with resistive venous leg ulcers was compared. The ulceration of patients from group 1 healed completely after 6 weeks of therapy in all cases. In all patients from group 2, the process of healing was longer but successfully completed after 16 weeks of the therapy. We found that an adjunctive propolis ointment treatment increases the efficacy of the short stretch bandage compression stocking, and this combined treatment is more effective than Unna's boot compression alone. PMID:23662121

Kucharzewski, M.; Kozka, M.; Urbanek, T.

2013-01-01

406

Topical treatment of nonhealing venous leg ulcer with propolis ointment.  

PubMed

An investigation of effectiveness of topical treatment of nonhealing chronic venous leg ulcers with propolis ointment was conducted. 56 patients were included in the study and randomized into two groups. In group 1, there were 28 patients (ulceration area: 6.9-9.78?cm(2)) treated by means of topical propolis ointment application and short stretch bandage compression. In group 2, there were 29 patients (ulceration area: 7.2-9.4?cm(2)) treated by means of Unna boot leg compression without topical propolis treatment. In the study, the efficacy of both treatment methods in patients with resistive venous leg ulcers was compared. The ulceration of patients from group 1 healed completely after 6 weeks of therapy in all cases. In all patients from group 2, the process of healing was longer but successfully completed after 16 weeks of the therapy. We found that an adjunctive propolis ointment treatment increases the efficacy of the short stretch bandage compression stocking, and this combined treatment is more effective than Unna's boot compression alone. PMID:23662121

Kucharzewski, M; Kózka, M; Urbanek, T

2013-01-01

407

Food supply modifies the trade-off between past and future reproduction in a sexual parasite–host system ( Rana esculenta, Rana lessonae )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life history theory is concerned with the costs of survival, growth and reproduction under different ecological conditions\\u000a and the allocation of resources to meet these costs. Typical approaches used to address these topics include manipulation\\u000a of food resources, followed by measures of subsequent reproductive traits, and measures of the relationship between current\\u000a and future reproductive investment. Rarely, however, do studies

Marc Olivier Waelti; Heinz-Ulrich Reyer

2007-01-01

408

Problem-based learning research in anesthesia teaching: current status and future perspective.  

PubMed

The teaching curriculum in anesthesia involves traditional teaching methods like topic-based didactic lectures, seminars, and journal clubs; intraoperative apprenticeship; and problem-based learning (PBL) and simulation. The advantages of incorporating PBL in anesthesia teaching include development of skills like clinical reasoning, critical thinking, and self-directed learning; in addition it also helps in developing a broader perspective of case scenarios. The present paper discusses the characteristics, key elements, and goals of PBL; various PBL methods available; lacunae in the existing knowledge of PBL research; its current status and future perspectives in anesthesia teaching. PMID:24982673

Chilkoti, G; Mohta, M; Wadhwa, R; Saxena, A K

2014-01-01

409

A View on Future Building System Modeling and Simulation  

SciTech Connect

This chapter presents what a future environment for building system modeling and simulation may look like. As buildings continue to require increased performance and better comfort, their energy and control systems are becoming more integrated and complex. We therefore focus in this chapter on the modeling, simulation and analysis of building energy and control systems. Such systems can be classified as heterogeneous systems because they involve multiple domains, such as thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, electrical systems, control systems and communication systems. Also, they typically involve multiple temporal and spatial scales, and their evolution can be described by coupled differential equations, discrete equations and events. Modeling and simulating such systems requires a higher level of abstraction and modularisation to manage the increased complexity compared to what is used in today's building simulation programs. Therefore, the trend towards more integrated building systems is likely to be a driving force for changing the status quo of today's building simulation programs. Thischapter discusses evolving modeling requirements and outlines a path toward a future environment for modeling and simulation of heterogeneous building systems.A range of topics that would require many additional pages of discussion has been omitted. Examples include computational fluid dynamics for air and particle flow in and around buildings, people movement, daylight simulation, uncertainty propagation and optimisation methods for building design and controls. For different discussions and perspectives on the future of building modeling and simulation, we refer to Sahlin (2000), Augenbroe (2001) and Malkawi and Augenbroe (2004).

Wetter, Michael

2011-04-01

410

Basic Science for a Secure Energy Future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anticipating a doubling in the world's energy use by the year 2050 coupled with an increasing focus on clean energy technologies, there is a national imperative for new energy technologies and improved energy efficiency. The Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) supports fundamental research that provides the foundations for new energy technologies and supports DOE missions in energy, environment, and national security. The research crosses the full spectrum of materials and chemical sciences, as well as aspects of biosciences and geosciences, with a focus on understanding, predicting, and ultimately controlling matter and energy at electronic, atomic, and molecular levels. In addition, BES is the home for national user facilities for x-ray, neutron, nanoscale sciences, and electron beam characterization that serve over 10,000 users annually. To provide a strategic focus for these programs, BES has held a series of ``Basic Research Needs'' workshops on a number of energy topics over the past 6 years. These workshops have defined a number of research priorities in areas related to renewable, fossil, and nuclear energy -- as well as cross-cutting scientific grand challenges. These directions have helped to define the research for the recently established Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) and are foundational for the newly announced Energy Innovation Hubs. This overview will review the current BES research portfolio, including the EFRCs and user facilities, will highlight past research that has had an impact on energy technologies, and will discuss future directions as defined through the BES workshops and research opportunities.

Horton, Linda

2010-03-01

411

Personalized oncology: recent advances and future challenges.  

PubMed

Personalized oncology is evidence-based, individualized medicine that delivers the right care to the right cancer patient at the right time and results in measurable improvements in outcomes and a reduction on health care costs. Evolving topics in personalized oncology such as genomic analysis, targeted drugs, cancer therapeutics and molecular diagnostics will be discussed in this review. Biomarkers and molecular individualized medicine are replacing the traditional "one size fits all" medicine. In the next decade the treatment of cancer will move from a reactive to a proactive discipline. The essence of personalized oncology lies in the use of biomarkers. These biomarkers can be from tissue, serum, urine or imaging and must be validated. Personalized oncology based on biomarkers is already having a remarkable impact. Three different types of biomarkers are of particular importance: predictive, prognostic and early response biomarkers. Tools for implementing preemptive medicine based on genetic and molecular diagnostic and interventions will improve cancer prevention. Imaging technologies such as Computed Tomography (CT) and Positron Emitted Tomography (PET) are already influencing the early detection and management of the cancer patient. Future advances in imaging are expected to be in the field of molecular imaging, integrated diagnostics, biology driven interventional radiology and theranostics. Molecular diagnostics identify individual cancer patients who are more likely to respond positively to targeted chemotherapies. Molecular diagnostics include testing for genes, gene expression, proteins and metabolites. The use of companion molecular diagnostics is expected to grow significantly in the future and will be integrated into new cancer therapies a single (bundled) package which will provide greater efficiency, value and cost savings. This approach represents a unique opportunity for integration, increased value in personalized oncology. PMID:22999010

Kalia, Madhu

2013-01-01

412

Evidence for Future Cognition in Animals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence concerning the possibility of mental time travel into the future by animals was reviewed. Both experimental laboratory studies and field observations were considered. Paradigms for the study of future anticipation and planning included inhibition of consumption of current food contingent on future receipt of either a larger quantity or…

Roberts, William A.

2012-01-01

413

Health-Related Hot Topic Detection in Online Communities Using Text Clustering  

PubMed Central

Recently, health-related social media services, especially online health communities, have rapidly emerged. Patients with various health conditions participate in online health communities to share their experiences and exchange healthcare knowledge. Exploring hot topics in online health communities helps us better understand patients’ needs and interest in health-related knowledge. However, the statistical topic analysis employed in previous studies is becoming impractical for processing the rapidly increasing amount of online data. Automatic topic detection based on document clustering is an alternative approach for extracting health-related hot topics in online communities. In addition to the keyword-based features used in traditional text clustering, we integrate medical domain-specific features to represent the messages posted in online health communities. Three disease discussion boards, including boards devoted to lung cancer, breast cancer and diabetes, from an online health community are used to test the effectiveness of topic detection. Experiment results demonstrate that health-related hot topics primarily include symptoms, examinations, drugs, procedures and complications. Further analysis reveals that there also exist some significant differences among the hot topics discussed on different types of disease discussion boards. PMID:23457530

Lu, Yingjie; Zhang, Pengzhu; Liu, Jingfang; Li, Jia; Deng, Shasha

2013-01-01

414

Discrepancies among Teachers' Priorities for and Knowledge of Freshwater Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers were asked to examine a list of water topics, assign a level of priority for their students to know about each topic, then report on their own knowledge level and the amount of teaching they do on the topics. Indicates that topics such as basic water properties and wetlands that had high priorities among teachers were not accompanied by…

Fortner, Rosanne W.; Meyer, Richard L.

2000-01-01

415

Selecting Topics for Journals: Some Advice for Beginners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides suggestions for prospective authors searching for topics for manuscripts. The article first provides examples of topics for non-data-based articles, then for research topics. Authors are invited to submit manuscripts on these, and on any other topics to this journal.

Maddux, Cleborne D.

2004-01-01

416

Topic Evolution and Social Interactions: How Authors Effect Research  

E-print Network

Topic Evolution and Social Interactions: How Authors Effect Research Ding Zhou1 , Xiang Ji2 of documents in academia, we show the trends of research topics, how re- search topics are related and which, for example, we illustrate the probability of appearance in doc- uments in CiteSeer of four research topics

Giles, C. Lee

417

Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling of Topics in Time-Stamped Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of inferring and modeling topics in a sequence of documents with known publication dates. The documents at a given time are each characterized by a topic and the topics are drawn from a mixture model. The proposed model infers the change in the topic mixture weights as a function of time. The details of this general

Iulian Pruteanu-Malinici; Lu Ren; John William Paisley; Eric Wang; Lawrence Carin

2010-01-01

418

The ophthalmic practice of the future.  

PubMed

How will the ophthalmologist of the future practice? What will be the effect of government policy? How will this impact the mix of health care providers responsible for the delivery of eye care to patients? What part will health record technology play in clinical practice? These topics were discussed at the Knapp Symposium of the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Ophthalmological Society. The health care system within which ophthalmology will be practiced will be radically different, ruled by changes in collaboration, communication, and practice guidelines. Given the coming uncertainty of our professional lives, it is vital that we anticipate, contemplate, and plan for our futures. PMID:22965597

Mets, Marilyn B; Rich, William L; Lee, Paul; Schuman, Joel S; Wilson, David; Chew, Emily; Buckley, Edward

2012-09-01

419

NASA Lewis Research Center Futuring Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On October 21 and 22, 1986, the Futures Group ran a two-day Futuring Workshop on the premises of NASA Lewis Research Center. The workshop had four main goals: to acquaint participants with the general history of technology forecasting; to familiarize participants with the range of forecasting methodologies; to acquaint participants with the range of applicability, strengths, and limitations of each method; and to offer participants some hands-on experience by working through both judgmental and quantitative case studies. Among the topics addressed during this workshop were: information sources; judgmental techniques; quantitative techniques; merger of judgment with quantitative measurement; data collection methods; and dealing with uncertainty.

Boroush, Mark; Stover, John; Thomas, Charles

1987-01-01

420

Sponsorship includes: Agriculture in the  

E-print Network

Sponsorship includes: · Agriculture in the Classroom · Douglas County Farm Bureau · Gifford Farm · University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center · University of Nebraska- Lincoln Awareness Coalition is to help youth, primarily from urban communities, become aware of agriculture

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

421

FAQ IRB questions (includes SPE  

Cancer.gov

The most recent Investigator’s Brochure (IB) will provide a good estimate of known adverse event inci-dence (see the FAQ on how to receive an IB), and some CAEPRs (included in the protocol docu-ment) do, too.

422

EMLA-induced methemoglobinemia and systemic topical anesthetic toxicity.  

PubMed

This case report illustrates an adult presenting with the simultaneous occurrence of both methemoglobinemia (MetHb) and systemic toxicity from the topical application of local anesthetics while undergoing laser epilation therapy of the legs. The concurrent development of both is considered uncommon in this setting and may have been related to several factors, including her recent previous treatment, increased absorption secondary to abraded skin with the addition of occlusive dressing, and possible alteration of protein binding and drug metabolism due to the use of medications. The clinical manifestations and mechanisms of MetHb and systemic local anesthetic toxicity are discussed. PMID:14751483

Hahn, In-Hei; Hoffman, Robert S; Nelson, Lewis S

2004-01-01

423

In Vivo Methods for the Assessment of Topical Drug Bioavailability  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews some current methods for the in vivo assessment of local cutaneous bioavailability in humans after topical drug application. After an introduction discussing the importance of local drug bioavailability assessment and the limitations of model-based predictions, the focus turns to the relevance of experimental studies. The available techniques are then reviewed in detail, with particular emphasis on the tape stripping and microdialysis methodologies. Other less developed techniques, including the skin biopsy, suction blister, follicle removal and confocal Raman spectroscopy techniques are also described. PMID:17985216

Herkenne, Christophe; Alberti, Ingo; Naik, Aarti; Kalia, Yogeshvar N.; Mathy, Francois-Xavier; Preat, Veronique

2007-01-01

424

TOPICAL REVIEW: Photoacoustic tomography and sensing in biomedicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photoacoustics has been broadly studied in biomedicine, for both human and small animal tissues. Photoacoustics uniquely combines the absorption contrast of light or radio frequency waves with ultrasound resolution. Moreover, it is non-ionizing and non-invasive, and is the fastest growing new biomedical method, with clinical applications on the way. This review provides a brief recap of recent developments in photoacoustics in biomedicine, from basic principles to applications. The emphasized areas include the new imaging modalities, hybrid detection methods, photoacoustic contrast agents and the photoacoustic Doppler effect, as well as translational research topics.

Li, Changhui; Wang, Lihong V.

2009-10-01

425

Side-effects of topical steroids: A long overdue revisit.  

PubMed

The introduction of topical steroids (TS) of varying potency have rendered the therapy of inflammatory cutaneous disorders more effective and less time-consuming. However the usefulness of these has become a double edged sword with constantly rising instances of abuse and misuse leading to serious local, systemic and psychological side effects. These side effects occur more with TS of higher potency and on particular areas of the body like face and genitalia. The article reviews the side effects of TS with special mention about peadiatric age group, also includes the measures for preventing the side effects. PMID:25396122

Coondoo, Arijit; Phiske, Meghana; Verma, Shyam; Lahiri, Koushik

2014-10-01

426

Side-effects of topical steroids: A long overdue revisit  

PubMed Central

The introduction of topical steroids (TS) of varying potency have rendered the therapy of inflammatory cutaneous disorders more effective and less time-consuming. However the usefulness of these has become a double edged sword with constantly rising instances of abuse and misuse leading to serious local, systemic and psychological side effects. These side effects occur more with TS of higher potency and on particular areas of the body like face and genitalia. The article reviews the side effects of TS with special mention about peadiatric age group, also includes the measures for preventing the side effects. PMID:25396122

Coondoo, Arijit; Phiske, Meghana; Verma, Shyam; Lahiri, Koushik

2014-01-01

427

Topics in Hadron Spectroscopy in 2009  

E-print Network

There have been numerous developments in hadron spectroscopy over the past year. In this brief review I focus on two general areas. In the first I give an update on hadrons with b-quarks. Their properties are in textbook agreement with QCD motivated constituent quark models. The second topic is the Charmonium-like $XYZ$ states above open charm threshold that continue to be discovered. Many of these do not seem to be described as conventional c\\bar{c} states and may be hadronic molecules, Tetraquarks, or Charmonium Hybrids. The first topic is an example of how well we seem to understand hadrons while the second case reminds us of how much we still have to learn.

Stephen Godfrey

2009-10-18

428

Investigation of some topical formulations containing dexpanthenol.  

PubMed

Owing to its ability to regenerate epidermal cells Dexpanthenol (D-panthenol; chemically known as (+)-2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethylbutyramide) has found use for the treatment of patholytic ileus and postoperative distention. The purpose of research was to develop a gel containing dexpanthenol by monitoring the effect of various concentrations of a gelating agent on the activity of the ciliary apparatus. A system containing 2.5% of hydroxyethylcellulose was optimal for the preparation of the gel. Together with a formulation containing 5% of dexpanthenol, drops with equal concentration of the active compound were tested for comparison. Physical characteristics, such as osmotic pressure, acidity, density and viscosity of the preparation were determined as well as its microbiological sterility. The anti-inflammatory activity of the gel was determined following its topical application. Epidermal tests showed its good tolerance after topical application to the shaved skin of guinea pigs. PMID:15794335

Stozkowska, Wies?awa; Pieko?, Ryszard

2004-01-01

429

Safety Evaluation of Topical Valproate Application  

PubMed Central

The potential role of topical valproate (VPA) in hair regrowth has been recently suggested. However, safety reports of VPA as a topical formulation are lacking. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated whether VPA causes skin irritation in humans. We first performed a cell viability test and showed that VPA did not exhibit toxicity toward HaCaT keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and RBL-3H mast cells. We then performed clinical patch test and skin irritation test through transdermal drug delivery with the help of microneedle rollers. No significant findings were obtained in the clinical patch test. In the skin irritation test, only 1 patient showed erythema at 1 hr, but the irritation reaction faded away within a few hours. Erythema and edema were not observed at 24 hr. We concluded that VPA has minimal potential to elicit skin irritation. Therefore, we consider that VPA can safely be applied to human skin. PMID:24278633

Choi, Sun Young; Seop, Song Yi; Hyun, Moo Yeol; Yoo, Kwang Ho; Kim, Beom Joon; Kim, Myeung Nam; Cho, Jae-We

2013-01-01

430

Focality and Topicality Marking in Biloxi  

E-print Network

discourse and that these are related in the GH shown below (ibid, 1993). Fig. 1 Six cognitive statuses of the GH IN FOCUS ACTIVATED FAMILIAR UNIQUELY REFERENTIAL TYPE...Focality and Topicality Marking in Biloxi1 David V. Kaufman University of Kansas 1. Introduction The purpose of this paper is to explore the use of two clitics that appear as discourse markers in Biloxi (ISO 639-3 bll) narratives...

Kaufman, David V.

2008-01-01

431

From term variants to research topics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract In a science and technology watch (STW) task, an expert user needs to survey the evolution of research topics in his area of specialisation in order to detect interesting changes. The majority ofmethods,proposing evaluation metrics (bibliometrics and scientometrics studies) for STW rely solely on statistical data analysis methods (co-citation analysis, co-word analysis). Such methods usually work on structured databases

F Bekwe-sanjuan; E Sanjuan

2002-01-01

432

Devices and topical agents for rosacea management.  

PubMed

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease that predominantly affects facial skin in light-skinned individuals and can be divided into 4 subtypes. Patients can display signs of more than 1 subtype. Diffuse facial erythema is a common finding in rosacea patients and can lead to persistent erythema. Although there is no cure for rosacea, reduction of signs and symptoms can be achieved via various treatment modalities. This article reviews devices and topical agents currently available for the management of rosacea. PMID:25101340

Mansouri, Yasaman; Goldenberg, Gary

2014-07-01

433

Topical rebamipide improves lid wiper epitheliopathy  

PubMed Central

Administration of topical rebamipide increases the mucin level of tear film and improves the ocular surface in short break-up time type of dry eye. Lid wiper epitheliopathy (LWE) is a disorder of the marginal conjunctiva of the upper eyelid with dry eye symptoms. LWE may be related to mechanical forces during blinking resulting in inflammation of the ocular surface. Rebamipide also has various anti-inflammatory effects. In this report, we tried treatment with topical rebamipide for two cases of LWE. One case had been treated with sodium hyaluronate ophthalmic solution and diquafosol sodium eye drops by other doctors for several weeks. The other case was not previously treated. In both cases, fluorescein staining of the cornea and lid margin was remarkably improved, ocular symptoms decreased, and tear film break-up times increased with rebamipide eye drops four times daily for 2–3 weeks. Topical rebamipide was effective for corneal and conjunctival disorders in LWE. This drug may provide a novel approach to the treatment of LWE. PMID:24204116

Itakura, Hirotaka; Kashima, Tomoyuki; Itakura, Mariko; Akiyama, Hideo; Kishi, Shoji

2013-01-01

434

Topic 1: IntroductionTopic 1: Introduction What is a Computer?What is a Computer?  

E-print Network

Topic 1: IntroductionTopic 1: Introduction 1 What is a Computer?What is a Computer? What is Computer Science?What is Computer Science? How do we Solve Problems with aHow do we Solve Problems with a Computer?Computer? #12;What is a Computer?What is a Computer? 2 #12;What is a Computer?What is a Computer

Stephenson, Ben

435

EECS 122, Lecture 23EECS 122, Lecture 23 Today's Topics:Today's Topics  

E-print Network

is disjoint from UDP ·· Each TCP endpoint is identified by:Each TCP endpoint is identified by: ­­ (IP address connection is identified by the 4-tupletuple:: ­­ (IP1, port; IP2, port)(IP1, port; IP2, port) 4 TCP1 1 EECS 122, Lecture 23EECS 122, Lecture 23 Today's Topics:Today's Topics: TCP Connection

Fall, Kevin R.

436

Durability of Disease Resistance in Crops: Some Closing Remarks About the Topic and the Symposium  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A wide range of topics on the durability of resistance to pests and pathogens in crops was discussed during the symposium.\\u000a The purpose of this chapter is to present a view of these topics interpreted through the understanding of the author. The\\u000a points presented include the identification and exploitation of durable resistance. It is indicated that pathosystems are\\u000a very diverse

R. Johnson

437

Efficacy and Safety of Topically Applied Tacrolimus Ointment in Patients with Moderate to Severe Atopic Dermatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Tacrolimus is a T-cell-selective cytokine inhibitor. The topical formulation was specifically developed for treating inflammatory skin diseases, including atopic dermatitis (AD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effica- cy and safety of topically applied tacrolimus ointment (Protopic®) in treating Taiwanese patients with moderate to severe AD. Methods: This was an open-labeled, non-comparative, single-center study. Enrolled patients

Wen-Rou Wong; Hsiang-Ju Tsai; Hong-Shang Hong

438

Phase 1 Study of Topical Perillyl Alcohol Cream for Chemoprevention of Skin Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perillyl alcohol (POH) is a natural product derived from plants such as cherry and lavendin. Previous studies have indicated that topical POH inhibits ultraviolet (UV) B-induced skin carcinogenesis in vivo, and it may be an effective chemopreventive agent for skin cancer. We performed a 1-mo, first-in-man, Phase 1 trial of topically administered POH cream in human subjects. Endpoints included safety

Steven P. Stratton; Kathy Lynn Saboda; Paul B. Myrdal; Abhishek Gupta; Naja E. McKenzie; Chris Brooks; Stuart J. Salasche; James A. Warneke; James Ranger-Moore; Paul D. Bozzo; James Blanchard; Janine G. Einspahr; Robert T. Dorr; Norman Levine; David S. Alberts

2008-01-01

439

Exogenous Cushing’s syndrome due to topical corticosteroid application: case report and review literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prolonged use of topical corticosteroids causes systemic adverse effects including Cushing’s syndrome and hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal\\u000a (HPA) axis suppression, which is less common than that of the oral or parenteral route. At least 43 cases with iatrogenic\\u000a Cushing syndrome from very potent topical steroid usage (Clobetasol) in children and adult have been published over the last\\u000a 35 years particularly in developing countries. In

Therdpong Tempark; Voraluk Phatarakijnirund; Susheera Chatproedprai; Suttipong Watcharasindhu; Vichit Supornsilchai; Siriwan Wananukul

2010-01-01

440

Energy strategies: Toward a solar future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The book includes an assessment of energy requirements, nonrenewable and renewable energy resources, energy storage and transmission, and projections of energy demands. Topics also covered include coal gasification, oil shale, nuclear fission generators, geothermal energy, solar heating and cooling, photovoltaic cells, wind generators, biomass to gas conversion, ocean thermal energy, and wave energy extraction.

H. W. Kendall; S. J. Nadis

1980-01-01

441

Topical Melatonin for Treatment of Androgenetic Alopecia  

PubMed Central

Background: In the search for alternative agents to oral finasteride and topical minoxidil for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia (AGA), melatonin, a potent antioxidant and growth modulator, was identified as a promising candidate based on in vitro and in vivo studies. Materials and Methods: One pharmacodynamic study on topical application of melatonin and four clinical pre-post studies were performed in patients with androgenetic alopecia or general hair loss and evaluated by standardised questionnaires, TrichoScan, 60-second hair count test and hair pull test. Results: Five clinical studies showed positive effects of a topical melatonin solution in the treatment of AGA in men and women while showing good tolerability: (1) Pharmacodynamics under once-daily topical application in the evening showed no significant influence on endogenous serum melatonin levels. (2) An observational study involving 30 men and women showed a significant reduction in the degree of severity of alopecia after 30 and 90 days (P < 0.001) based on questionnaires completed by investigators and patients. (3) Using a digital software-supported epiluminescence technique (TrichoScan) in 35 men with AGA, after 3 and 6 months in 54.8% to 58.1% of the patients a significant increase of hair density of 29% and 41%, respectively was measured (M0: 123/cm2; M3: 159/cm2; M6: 173/cm2;) (P < 0,001). (4) In 60 men and women with hair loss, a significant reduction in hair loss was observed in women, while hair loss in men remained constant (P < 0.001). (5) In a large, 3-month, multi-center study with more than 1800 volunteers at 200 centers, the percentage of patients with a 2- to 3-fold positive hair-pull test decreased from 61.6% to 7.8%, while the percentage of patients with a negative hair-pull test increased from 12.2.% to 61.5% (P < 0.001). In addition, a decrease in seborrhea and seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp was observed. Conclusions: Since safety and tolerability in all of the studies was good, the topical application of a cosmetic melatonin solution can be considered as a treatment option in androgenetic alopecia. PMID:23766606

Fischer, Tobias W; Trueb, Ralph M; Hanggi, Gabriella; Innocenti, Marcello; Elsner, Peter

2012-01-01

442

Large, Multilingual, Broadcast News Corpora For Cooperative Research in Topic Detection And Tracking: The TDT2 and TDT3 Corpus Efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the creation and content two corpora, TDT-2 and TDT-3, created for the DARPA sponsored Topic Detection and Tracking project. The research goal in the TDT program is to create the core technology of a news understanding system that can process multilingual news content categorizing individual stories according to the topic(s) they describe. The research tasks include segmentation

Christopher Cieri; David Graff; Mark Liberman; Nii Martey; Stephanie Strassel

2000-01-01

443

Subgroups for the CSU Choices Group The first draft of CSU Choices report might include the following topics  

E-print Network

a university in a non-expanding economy; do not depend on uncertain revenue streams; steady state vs growth are taking in additional students; online learning ­ it's not automation; explain why not. Does this change

Shubin, Carol

444

Topics in quantum cryptography, quantum error correction, and channel simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this thesis, we mainly investigate four different topics: efficiently implementable codes for quantum key expansion [51], quantum error-correcting codes based on privacy amplification [48], private classical capacity of quantum channels [44], and classical channel simulation with quantum side information [49, 50]. For the first topic, we propose an efficiently implementable quantum key expansion protocol, capable of increasing the size of a pre-shared secret key by a constant factor. Previously, the Shor-Preskill proof [64] of the security of the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) [6] quantum key distribution protocol relied on the theoretical existence of good classical error-correcting codes with the "dual-containing" property. But the explicit and efficiently decodable construction of such codes is unknown. We show that we can lift the dual-containing constraint by employing the non-dual-containing codes with excellent performance and efficient decoding algorithms. For the second topic, we propose a construction of Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) [19, 68] quantum error-correcting codes, which are originally based on pairs of mutually dual-containing classical codes, by combining a classical code with a two-universal hash function. We show, using the results of Renner and Koenig [57], that the communication rates of such codes approach the hashing bound on tensor powers of Pauli channels in the limit of large block-length. For the third topic, we prove a regularized formula for the secret key assisted capacity region of a quantum channel for transmitting private classical information. This result parallels the work of Devetak on entanglement assisted quantum communication capacity. This formula provides a new family protocol, the private father protocol, under the resource inequality framework that includes the private classical communication without the assisted secret keys as a child protocol. For the fourth topic, we study and solve the problem of classical channel simulation with quantum side information at the receiver. Our main theorem has two important corollaries: rate-distortion theory with quantum side information and common randomness distillation. Simple proofs of achievability of classical multi-terminal source coding problems can be made via a unified approach using the channel simulation theorem as building blocks. The fully quantum generalization of the problem is also conjectured with outer and inner bounds on the achievable rate pairs.

Luo, Zhicheng

445

Introduction to the aerodynamics of flight. [including aircraft stability, and hypersonic flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

General concepts of the aerodynamics of flight are discussed. Topics considered include: the atmosphere; fluid flow; subsonic flow effects; transonic flow; supersonic flow; aircraft performance; and stability and control.

Talay, T. A.

1975-01-01

446

Tomorrow is Today: A Plan for Implementing the Study of the Future in the English Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course, designed to help students explore serious thoughts about the future of society, is intended for an English literature class at the advanced secondary level. The course consists of nine interrelated modules that deal with the following topics: current predictions about the future, with special attention to the film "Future Shock";…

Thompson, David

447

Resource Letter AFHEP-1: Accelerators for the Future of High-Energy Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Resource Letter provides a guide to literature concerning the development of accelerators for the future of high-energy physics. Research articles, books, and Internet resources are cited for the following topics: motivation for future accelerators, present accelerators for high-energy physics, possible future machine, and laboratory and collaboration websites.

Barletta, William A.

2012-02-01

448

Statistical Topics Applied to Pressure and Temperature Readings in the Gulf of Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of statistical research in weather allows for the application of old and new methods, some of which may describe relationships between certain variables better such as temperatures and pressure. The objective of this study was to apply a variety of traditional and novel statistical methods to analyze data from the National Data Buoy Center, which records among other variables barometric pressure, atmospheric temperature, water temperature and dew point temperature. The analysis included attempts to better describe and model the data as well as to make estimations for certain variables. The following statistical methods were utilized: linear regression, non-response analysis, residual analysis, descriptive statistics, parametric analysis, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, autocorrelation, normal approximation for the binomial, and chi-squared test of independence. Of the more significant results, one was establishing the Johnson SB as the best fitting parametric distribution for a group of pressures and another was finding that there was high autocorrelation in atmospheric temperature and pressure for small lags. This topic remains conducive to future research, and such endeavors may strengthen the field of applied statistics and improve our understanding of various weather entities.

Allison, Malena Kathleen

449

Gap analysis methodology for identifying future ICT related eGovernment research topics - case of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern ICT enables governments all over the world to improve their operation in order to become more efficient and effective. Despite of all possible benefits of using modern ICT, governments still struggle with the problems of inefficiency of their operation. eGovernment is being discussed in many contexts. Expectations of research and implementation in this field were high. However, many investments

Andreja Pucihar; Kristina Bogataj; Maria Wimmer

450

Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future Topical Lunch Public trust policy: Implications for state wildlife professionals  

E-print Network

to wildlife management under the public trust doctrine (PTD), a legal and policy countries on five continents. Smith briefly explained the history of PTD from Roman globally. Stated simply, PTD requires that government holds natural resources

Angenent, Lars T.

451

Sharia Compatible Futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Sharia Compatible Future (SCF) is a contract that is designed to achieve the objectives of the conventional futures contract and to be in conformity with Islamic transaction restrictions, which means that the essence as well as the object of the contract must satisfy the Sharia code. This implies the prohibition of interest futures. Currency futures must observe the Islamic

ABDUL RAHIM AL-SAATI

2002-01-01

452

The future of energy, environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lasting effects of energy consumption on the environment continue to be a problem as the world's population requires more and more energy. This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to environmental issues related to the use and production of energy. Fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and clean air are discussed in the context of environmental quality. Students can read about the development of environmentally friendly vehicles and follow a link that describes current environmental problems in the hydropower industry. Links to eight PBS NewsHour articles on environmental issues and energy are also provided. Seven additional energy-related links discuss global warming, ethanol fuel use, biodiesel, and air quality, among others topics. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

453

Developing Students’ Futures Thinking in Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Futures thinking involves a structured exploration into how society and its physical and cultural environment could be shaped\\u000a in the future. In science education, an exploration of socio-scientific issues offers significant scope for including such\\u000a futures thinking. Arguments for doing so include increasing student engagement, developing students’ values discourse, fostering\\u000a students’ analytical and critical thinking skills, and empowering individuals and

Alister Jones; Cathy Buntting; Rose Hipkins; Anne McKim; Lindsey Conner; Kathy Saunders

2011-01-01

454

Language Modeling Using PLSA-Based Topic HMM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose a PLSA-based language model for sports-related live speech. This model is implemented using a unigram rescaling technique that combines a topic model and an n-gram. In the conventional method, unigram rescaling is performed with a topic distribution estimated from a recognized transcription history. This method can improve the performance, but it cannot express topic transition. By incorporating the concept of topic transition, it is expected that the recognition performance will be improved. Thus, the proposed method employs a “Topic HMM” instead of a history to estimate the topic distribution. The Topic HMM is an Ergodic HMM that expresses typical topic distributions as well as topic transition probabilities. Word accuracy results from our experiments confirmed the superiority of the proposed method over a trigram and a PLSA-based conventional method that uses a recognized history.

Sako, Atsushi; Takiguchi, Tetsuya; Ariki, Yasuo

455

Neoclassical Transport Including Collisional Nonlinearity  

SciTech Connect

In the standard {delta}f theory of neoclassical transport, the zeroth-order (Maxwellian) solution is obtained analytically via the solution of a nonlinear equation. The first-order correction {delta}f is subsequently computed as the solution of a linear, inhomogeneous equation that includes the linearized Fokker-Planck collision operator. This equation admits analytic solutions only in extreme asymptotic limits (banana, plateau, Pfirsch-Schlueter), and so must be solved numerically for realistic plasma parameters. Recently, numerical codes have appeared which attempt to compute the total distribution f more accurately than in the standard ordering by retaining some nonlinear terms related to finite-orbit width, while simultaneously reusing some form of the linearized collision operator. In this work we show that higher-order corrections to the distribution function may be unphysical if collisional nonlinearities are ignored.

Candy, J.; Belli, E. A. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)

2011-06-10

456

FutureGen Project Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the comprehensive siting, permitting, engineering, design, and costing activities completed by the FutureGen Industrial Alliance, the Department of Energy, and associated supporting subcontractors to develop a first of a kind near zero emissions integrated gasification combined cycle power plant and carbon capture and storage project (IGCC-CCS). With the goal to design, build, and reliably operate the first IGCC-CCS facility, FutureGen would have been the lowest emitting pulverized coal power plant in the world, while providing a timely and relevant basis for coal combustion power plants deploying carbon capture in the future. The content of this report summarizes key findings and results of applicable project evaluations; modeling, design, and engineering assessments; cost estimate reports; and schedule and risk mitigation from initiation of the FutureGen project through final flow sheet analyses including capital and operating reports completed under DOE award DE-FE0000587. This project report necessarily builds upon previously completed siting, design, and development work executed under DOE award DE-FC26- 06NT4207 which included the siting process; environmental permitting, compliance, and mitigation under the National Environmental Policy Act; and development of conceptual and design basis documentation for the FutureGen plant. For completeness, the report includes as attachments the siting and design basis documents, as well as the source documentation for the following: • Site evaluation and selection process and environmental characterization • Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permit Application including well design and subsurface modeling • FutureGen IGCC-CCS Design Basis Document • Process evaluations and technology selection via Illinois Clean Coal Review Board Technical Report • Process flow diagrams and heat/material balance for slurry-fed gasifier configuration • Process flow diagrams and heat/material balance for dry-fed gasifier configuration • Full capital cost report and cost category analysis (CAPEX) • Full operating cost report and assumptions (OPEX) Comparative technology evaluations, value engineering exercises, and initial air permitting activities are also provided; the report concludes with schedule, risk, and cost mitigation activities as well as lessons learned such that the products of this report can be used to support future investments in utility scale gasification and carbon capture and sequestration. Collectively, the FutureGen project enabled the comprehensive site specific evaluation and determination of the economic viability of IGCC-CCS. The project report is bound at that determination when DOE formally proposed the FutureGen 2.0 project which focuses on repowering a pulverized coal power plant with oxy-combustion technology including CCS.

Cabe, Jim; Elliott, Mike

2010-09-30

457

Evidence-Based Recommendations for the Use of Topical Oxygen Therapy in the Treatment of Lower Extremity Wounds  

PubMed Central

Topical oxygen therapy provides another tool in the armamentarium of clinicians treating refractory lower extremity wounds. Devices suitable for providing topical oxygen therapy in a clinical setting have recently become available. This article reviews the evidence to justify the use of this treatment modality, including in vitro, preclinical data, and clinical data. It also provides a protocol for how to administer topical oxygen therapy as well as guidance on patient selection and management to optimize outcomes. Randomized controlled trials are not yet reported and clearly necessary. The current body of evidence suggests that topical oxygen therapy may be considered as a second line of therapy for refractory wounds. PMID:19443899

Gordillo, Gayle M.; Sen, Chandan K.

2013-01-01

458

Topical application of DEET for schistosomiasis  

PubMed Central

N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide (also known as DEET) is a broad-spectrum insect repellent that is used extensively against both human and animal pests, worldwide. Recent studies show that topical lipid formulations of DEET, such as LipoDEET, are highly effective in killing schistosome cercariae in the skin. Minimal systemic absorption, low manufacturing cost, and a wide range of activity against insects and schistosomes potentially makes compounds such as LipoDEET an excellent prophylactic agent against human and animal schistosomiasis in endemic areas, especially for travelers, until an effective vaccine is available. PMID:14642762

Ramaswamy, Kalyanasundaram; He, Yi-Xun; Salafsky, Buz; Shibuya, Takeshi

2009-01-01

459

Topical and systemic medications for wounds.  

PubMed

There are a plethora of topical and systemic medications available to the veterinary practitioner today that aid the wound healing process. Some of these help to maintain a moist environment. Others increase growth factors, provide local energy sources, control infection, provide for debridement, increase wound blood flow and temperature, or reduce wound edema. Modern wound care requires that the proper products(s)be used, depending on the condition of the wound and the phase of wound healing. This article discusses various wound care products and provides guidelines on their use. PMID:16787786

Krahwinkel, D J; Boothe, Harry W

2006-07-01

460

Topics of monopole dynamics in gluodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three topics of monopole dynamics in gluodynamics are presented. 1)Gauge (in)dependence of the monopole effective action (S.Ito, T.W.Park, T.Suzuki): MA and Laplacian abelian gauges show almost the same renormalization flow and renormalized trajectory. 2)The quantized dual abelian Higgs model (DAH) derived from SU(2) gluodynamics and its vacuum structure (Y.Koma, E.-M.Ilgenfritz, T.Suzuki,M.I.Polikarpov): Monte-Carlo analysis of DAH is done. The quantum average

T. Suzuki; Y. Koma; S. Ito; E.-M. Ilgenfritz; T. W. Park; M. I. Polikarpov; T. Yazawa

2001-01-01

461

Topics of monopole dynamics in gluodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three topics of monopole dynamics in gluodynamics are presented. 1)Gauge (in)dependence of the monopole effective action (S.Ito, T.W.Park, T.Suzuki): MA and Laplacian abelian gauges show almost the same renormalization flow and renormalized trajectory. 2)The quantized dual abelian Higgs model (DAH) derived from SU(2) gluodynamics and its vacuum structure (Y.Koma, E.-M.Ilgenfritz, T.Suzuki,M.I.Polikarpov): Monte-Carlo analysis of DAH is done. The quantum average

T. Suzuki; Y. Koma; S. Ito; E.-M. Ilgenfritz; T. W. Park; M. I. Polikarpov; T. Yazawa

2002-01-01

462

Accurate searching using XML and topic maps.  

PubMed

Most clinical data is narrative text and often not accessible and searchable at the clinical workstation. We have therefore developed a search engine that allows indexing, searching and linking different kinds of data using web technologies. Text matching methods fail to represent implicit relationships between data, e.g. the relationship between HIV and AIDS. The ISO topic maps standard provides a data model that allows representing arbitrary relationships between resources. Such relationships form the basis for context sensitive searching and accurate search results. XML standards are used for the interchange of data relationships. Our approach has been applied to medical classification systems and clinical practice guidelines with promising results. PMID:14664036

Schweiger, Ralf; Hölzer, Simon; Dudeck, Joachim

2003-01-01

463

The future of surgery: autonomy or employment?  

PubMed

History has shown that the professions of medicine and surgery have been in constant evolution. Physicians, including the historical barber surgeons, often remained focused only on medical practice and patient care. As a result, the medical profession had a reactionary response to the financial and political circumstances that developed over time. Subsequently, physicians have worked in environments designed by nonphysicians lacking the benefit of medical insight. The most poignant example of this in the U.S. was the rapid development of private insurance and Medicare. Due to the surrounding financial and political forces, these programs rapidly changed the practice environment of medicine. Physicians found that they needed to participate in these programs to remain financially solvent. Various countries around the world have faced similar challenges of increasing health care cost. As populations expand, the need for care increases, but is limited by available resources. These global experiences can lend insight into the effects of different models and how variations may or may not work within the U.S. The effects of those systems demonstrate the importance of physician input into the development of new models. A long-standing unwritten rule in medicine has taught generations of physicians to avoid discussing reimbursement and health care politics. Yet, in order to recruit the brightest minds with a compassionate bedside manner, excellent judgment, and high vigilance toward patient care, medical professionals need to discuss topics related to reimbursement. The government, insurance company administrations, and other lobby interest groups freely express their interests in these issues. Physicians must engage in health care politics to ensure an adequate physician pool in the future to take care of patients. By influencing the structure of the health care system, including physician reimbursement, all patient care can be positively influenced. PMID:22319910

Liepert, Amy; Babu, Maya; Leichtle, Stefan

2011-08-01

464

The Community of the Future. The Drucker Foundation Future Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of 25 essays that explore what communities will look like in the future. They include: "Introduction: Civilizing the City" (Peter F. Drucker); (1) "The Paradox and Promise of Community" (Margaret J. Wheatley and Myron Kellner-Rogers); (2) "Economic Community and Social Investment" (Lester C. Thurow); (3) "The…

Hesselbein, Frances, Ed.; Goldsmith, Marshall, Ed.; Beckhard, Richard, Ed.; Schubert, Richard F., Ed.

465

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF TOPICAL STEROIDS, TOPICAL TRETENOIN (0.05%) AND DITHRANOL PASTE IN ALOPECIA AREATA  

PubMed Central

Background: There have been various controversial reports regarding the efficacy of topical agents in topical therapy of alopecia areata. Aim: The study aims to find out the effective ones among the readily available ones for a dermatologist. Materials and Methods: Eighty patients were chosen from the skin OPD of Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, after evaluating the exclusion criterions. Treatments were continued for 3 month period and a follow up after further 3 months. After dividing them into four groups–group-I (topical steroids), group-II (topical tretinoin 0.05%) group-III (dithranol paste 0.25%), and group-IV (white soft petrolatum jelly)–patients were evaluated. Results: Seventy percent of group-I, 55% of group-II, 35% of group-III, and 20% of the control group (white soft petrolatum jelly) responded favorably. Side effects in the form of dermatitis and hyperpigmentation were seen in group-III. However, no patient discontinued from the study. Conclusion: We conclude that both topical steroids and tretinoin were fairly effective in limited variant of alopecia areata. PMID:20606883

Das, Sudip; Ghorami, R C; Chatterjee, T; Banerjee, Gautam

2010-01-01

466

Exploring Health Topics in Chinese Social Media: An Analysis of Sina Weibo Shiliang Wang, Michael J. Paul, Mark Dredze  

E-print Network

Exploring Health Topics in Chinese Social Media: An Analysis of Sina Weibo Shiliang Wang, Michael J of research on health in American so- cial media, including surveillance of diseases such as in- fluenza (Doan seeks to identify and characterize health- related topics discussed on the Chinese microblogging website

Dredze, Mark

467

Online Popularity and Topical Interests through the Lens of Instagram  

E-print Network

Online socio-technical systems can be studied as proxy of the real world to investigate human behavior and social interactions at scale. Here we focus on Instagram, a media-sharing online platform whose popularity has been rising up to gathering hundred millions users. Instagram exhibits a mixture of features including social structure, social tagging and media sharing. The network of social interactions among users models various dynamics including follower/followee relations and users' communication by means of posts/comments. Users can upload and tag media such as photos and pictures, and they can "like" and comment each piece of information on the platform. In this work we investigate three major aspects on our Instagram dataset: (i) the structural characteristics of its network of heterogeneous interactions, to unveil the emergence of self organization and topically-induced community structure; (ii) the dynamics of content production and consumption, to understand how global trends and popular users emer...

Ferrara, Emilio; Tagarelli, Andrea

2014-01-01

468

TOPICAL REVIEW: Plasmas for spacecraft propulsion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This review presents the basics of plasma discharges applied to electric spacecraft propulsion. It briefly reports on the mature and flown technologies of gridded ion thrusters and Hall thrusters before exploring the recent yet immature technology of plasma thrusters based on expansion from low pressure high density inductively coupled and wave-excited plasma sources, e.g. the radiofrequency helicon source. Prototype development of plasma engines for future space travel is discussed using the example of the helicon double layer thruster. A summary of highlights in electric propulsion based space missions gives some insight into the challenges of future high power missions in more remote regions of space.

Charles, C.

2009-08-01

469

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary  

SciTech Connect

Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01

470

What is new in topical therapy for psoriasis?  

PubMed

This article describes a recent development in topical therapies for psoriasis and is based on a presentation given by the authors at a satellite symposium convened during the 19th Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 6-10 October 2010, in Gothenburg, Sweden. Topical therapies are the mainstay of treatment for psoriasis; however, for optimal outcomes to be achieved, medications need to be used as prescribed. Patients with psoriasis often report low treatment adherence rates; the reasons for this are multifactorial, but can include specific aspects of the treatments themselves. For example, physical properties, ease of use and the vehicle in which the active ingredients are dissolved can all play a role in an individual patient's adherence to treatment. Of the available topical therapies, corticosteroids and vitamin D analogues are the treatment of choice, with combined efficacy that is superior to monotherapy with either agent. To permit simultaneous once-daily dosing, an ointment was formulated that allowed calcipotriol and betamethasone dipropionate to be delivered together; this two-compound ointment had an improved efficacy and tolerability profile vs. either compound alone. To provide an alternative for patients who may dislike ointments, but still want to benefit from the high efficacy of combination therapy, a two-compound (calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate) gel has recently been developed; data from phase 2 and phase 3 studies show that it is more effective than the comparators it was tested against, with fewer adverse events, and a rapid onset of action. In a series of one-to-one interviews recently conducted with 150 patients with psoriasis, gel and cream formulations were preferred for ease of use and cosmetic acceptability compared with ointment. The availability of this new gel thus increases patient choice. Ultimately, treatment should always be tailored to match individual patients' needs. PMID:21507079

Reich, K; Bewley, A

2011-06-01

471

Iceland — a future hydrogen economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a path towards a future hydrogen energy economy in Iceland. The national energy situation is reviewed as well as production of hydrogen based fuels for transport and fishing sectors in Iceland by combining hydroelectric hydrogen and carbon oxides emission from metals industries. Finally the establishment of The Icelandic Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Company including five phases of

Bragi Árnason; Thorsteinn I Sigfússon

2000-01-01

472

The future of drama therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author surveys the discipline of drama therapy as it exists in 2005 and discusses its current identity as a profession, including its strengths and weaknesses in terms of training, theory and practice, research and mentoring. While offering a critical perspective, the author looks toward the future, elaborating upon the challenges facing drama therapists and offering a vision of where

Robert J. Landy

2006-01-01

473

Future of the osmotic processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Osmotic processes are widely utilized in water-ion separation applications. These include purification of low salinity water, desalination of brackish and seawater and reclamation of wastewater. The advantage of application of pressure driven membrane separation processes is obvious when comparing energy requirements of membrane processes with other desalination technologies. It is possible that future improvement of water permeability of current reverse

Mark Wilf

2010-01-01

474

A hydrogen future for Denmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

The components of the Danish hydrogen energy programme are presented, along with scenarios for the introduction and future use of hydrogen in the energy system. The Danish energy system is presently including about 12% power from wind, but the government's energy plan considers this to increase to near 50% by year 2030. As the wind power production during periods of

Bent Sørensen; Finn Sørensen

475

The Future of  

E-print Network

Several factors are conspiring to create potentially ideal conditions for a mini-renaissance of domestic manufacturing, including the emergence of additive manufacturing, the forces of social, mobile, analytics and cloud, and ever-rising energy costs. | FUTURE OF WORKExecutive Summary U.S. manufacturing is better positioned today for revival than anytime since its slow and painful decline some 30 years ago. A big reason for its new-found strength stems from changes in China. Rising wages, concerns over IP protection and increases in digital automation globally have conspired to undermine the economic advantages that China has enjoyed for years. We believe the following additional factors will contribute to positioning the U.S. manufacturing industry for renewal: The U.S. is best positioned to lead manufacturing into the digital age because of its significant scale, consistently high

A Change Manifesto

476

Predicting the earth's future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of earth system models that will simulate the past and present and provide predictions of future conditions is essential now that human activities have the potential to induce changes in the planetary environment. Critical aspects of global change include its pervasiveness and ubiquity, its distribution in several distinct time-scale bands, and the interactions between the atmosphere, ocean, land surface, and the terrestrial and marine biospheres. A model of the earth system on the scale of decades to centuries, developed by the Earth System Science Committee (NASA) with the strategy of dividing by time scale rather than discipline, is presented and the requirements for observations to support the implementation of the model are reviewed.

Dutton, J. A.

1986-01-01

477

Helicopters for the future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology needed to provide the basis for creating a widening rotary wing market include: well defined and proven design; reductions in noise, vibration, and fuel consumption; improvement of flying and ride quality; better safety; reliability; maintainability; and productivity. Unsteady transonic flow, yawed flow, dynamic stall, and blade vortex interaction are some of the problems faced by scientists and engineers in the helicopter industry with rotorcraft technology seen as an important development for future advanced high speed vehicle configurations. Such aircraft as the Boeing Vertol medium lift Model 360 composite aircraft, the Sikorsky Advancing Blade Concept (ABC) aircraft, the Bell Textron XV-15 Tilt Rotor Aircraft, and the X-wing rotor aircraft are discussed in detail. Even though rotorcraft technology has become an integral part of the military scene, the potential market for its civil applications has not been fully developed.

Ward, J. F.

1984-01-01

478

Connecting to the future: How the perception of future impacts engineering undergraduate students' learning and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine how engineering students' conceptualization of their future is related to the factors which have been studied related to students' retention. Two Future Time Perspective (FTP) constructs, Connectedness and Perceived Instrumentality, were included to measure students' conceptualization of their future. The results indicated that students who tended to connect their present to engineering

Wen-Ting Chung; Jieun Lee; Jenefer Husman; Glenda Stump; Cecelia Maez; Aaron Done

2009-01-01

479

Best evidence topic reports. BET 3: Topical intranasal tranexamic acid for spontaneous epistaxis.  

PubMed

A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether topical tranexamic acid can be used to treat spontaneous epistaxis. Thirty-three papers were found, of which two presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that there is insufficient evidence to support the use of topical intranasal tranexamic acid in the management of spontaneous epistaxis in haemodynamically stable patients presenting to the emergency department. PMID:24846097

Hilton, Lee

2014-05-01

480

Proceedings of the 5. International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation Controls, and Human Machine Interface Technology  

SciTech Connect

Instrumentation, Controls, and Human-Machine Interface (ICHMI) technologies are essential to ensuring delivery and effective operation of nuclear power systems. The ICHMI system, together with plant personnel, is the 'central nervous system' for operating plants. It senses basic parameters, monitors performance, integrates information, and makes adjustments to plant operations as necessary. It also responds to failures and off-normal events, thus ensuring goals of efficient power production and safety. The ICHMI system embodies the sensing, communications, monitoring, control, and presentation and command systems between the process (i.e., the reactor, heat transport, and energy conversion systems) and the plant personnel. It enables plant personnel to more effectively monitor the health of the plant and to identify opportunities to improve the performance of equipment and systems as well as to anticipate, understand, and respond to potential problems. Improved controls provide the basis to operate more closely to performance margins, and the improved integration of automatic and human response enables them to work cooperatively to accomplish production and safety goals. The ICHMI system thus directly impacts the performance of the entire plant and thereby the economics, safety, and security of current and future reactor designs. The 5. International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation Control and Human-Machine Interface Technology (NPIC and HMIT 2006) is specifically devoted to advances in these important technologies. In these proceedings, more than 200 papers and panel sessions from all over the world have been assembled to share the most recent information and innovations in ICHMI technology and to discuss the important issues that face the future of the industry. The papers fall into two major groupings: instrumentation and control (I and C) and human-machine interface technology (HMIT). The I and C papers are organized into five tracks. 'Systems' contains papers on digital systems reliability, digital I and C technology, control systems, and architectural configurations. 'Hardware and Communications' contains papers on advanced sensors and measurement techniques, cyber-security, wireless technology application, component aging, and environmental compatibility. 'Techniques' contains papers on reactor noise analysis, signal-processing methods, diagnostics, prognostics, predictive maintenance, and system analysis tools. 'Future and Applications' contains papers on educating the next generation of nuclear power ICHMI professionals, Generation IV and research reactor I and C, application of next-generation I and C systems, lessons learned in digital upgrades, and approaches to setpoints. 'Qualification and Regulation' contains papers on safety critical software, qualification issues in an evolving regulatory environment, current licensing issues for advanced I and C technologies, digital I and C assessment methodologies, and software quality assurance. The HMIT papers are organized into three tracks. 'Advances in Human-System Interfaces' contains papers dealing with topics such as advances in control room design, user interaction with automation, visualization technology, computerized procedure systems and other operator support technology, and new HMIT. 'Human Factors Engineering Design and Evaluation' focuses on recent developments, and paper topics include design and analysis tools, function-based approaches to control room design, use of knowledge capture and engineering, virtual reality, advances and challenges in human reliability analysis, and approaches to verification and validation. 'HMIT Operational Considerations' includes paper topics such as regulatory challenges and approaches to advanced systems, regulatory oversight and involvement in safety culture, and innovative approaches to training and training technologies.

NONE

2006-07-01

481

Topic Shifts in American and Japanese Business Conversation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the different ways in which Americans and Japanese people shift topics in business conversations. It is suggested that the different uses of topic-shifting strategies reflect a more profound difference in cultural expectations. (Author/GLR)

Yamada, Haru

1990-01-01

482

Future drugs for migraine.  

PubMed

Migraine is a complex, neurovascular disorder in which genetic and environmental factors interact. At present, frontline therapies in the acute treatment of migraine include the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and triptans. Evidence indicates that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a fundamental role in the mechanism of migraine. CGRP is a strong vasodilatatory neuropeptide that is released from activated trigeminal sensory nerves. The development of CGRP antagonists has also been driven by the fact that triptans are vasoconstrictive and cannot be safely used in patients with cardiovascular risk factors. Olcegepant (BIBN4096) is the first CGRP antagonist for the treatment of migraine that has been tested in clinical trials, but because of its poor oral bioavailability, only the intravenous formulation has been tested. The first oral non-peptide CGRP antagonist, telcagepant, has been shown recently to be highly effective in the treatment of migraine attacks. This development can be considered as the most important pharmacological breakthrough for migraine treatment since the introduction of sumatriptan in the early 1990s. These results are also of importance, since they support an interesting pathophysiological hypothesis of migraine. The pipeline of future compounds for the treatment of acute migraine headaches include TPRV1 antagonists, prostaglandin E receptor 4 (EP(4)) receptor antagonists, serotonin 5HT1(F) receptor agonists and nitric oxide synthase inhibitors. The immediate future of a preventative treatment for migraine headaches is well represented by botulinum toxin type-A, glutamate NMDA receptor antagonists, gap-junction blocker tonabersat and an angiotensin type 1 blocker candesartan. PMID:19551474

Farinelli, Ivano; De Filippis, Sergio; Coloprisco, Gabriella; Missori, Serena; Martelletti, Paolo

2009-10-01

483

Fueling the Future with Fungal Genomics  

SciTech Connect

Fungi play important roles across the range of current and future biofuel production processes. From crop/feedstock health to plant biomass saccharification, enzyme production to bioprocesses for producing ethanol, higher alcohols or future hydrocarbon biofuels, fungi are involved. Research and development are underway to understand the underlying biological processes and improve them to make bioenergy production efficient on an industrial scale. Genomics is the foundation of the systems biology approach that is being used to accelerate the research and development efforts across the spectrum of topic areas that impact biofuels production. In this review, we discuss past, current and future advances made possible by genomic analyses of the fungi that impact plant/feedstock health, degradation of lignocellulosic biomass and fermentation of sugars to ethanol, hydrocarbon biofuels and renewable chemicals.

Grigoriev, Igor V.; Cullen, Daniel; Hibbett, David; Goodwin, Stephen B.; Jeffries, Thomas W.; Kubicek, Christian P.; Kuske, Cheryl; Magnuson, Jon K.; Martin, Francis; Spatafora, Joey; Tsang, Adrian; Baker, Scott E.

2011-04-29

484

Future Influence Ranking of Scientific Literature  

E-print Network

Researchers or students entering a emerging research area are particularly interested in what newly published papers will be most cited and which young researchers will become influential in the future, so that they can catch the most recent advances and find valuable research directions. However, predicting the future importance of scientific articles and authors is challenging due to the dynamic nature of literature networks and evolving research topics. Different from most previous studies aiming to rank the current importance of literatures and authors, we focus on \\emph{ranking the future popularity of new publications and young researchers} by proposing a unified ranking model to combine various available information. Specifically, we first propose to extract two kinds of text features, words and words co-occurrence to characterize innovative papers and authors. Then, instead of using static and un-weighted graphs, we construct time-aware weighted graphs to distinguish the various importance of links es...

Wang, Senzhang; Zhang, Xiaoming; Li, Zhoujun; Yu, Philip S; Shu, Xinyu

2014-01-01

485

TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation  

E-print Network

TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation April The Transportation Center has organized a special Aviation Symposium focusing on important aviation industry topics, Professor of Transportation at Northwestern University and former Director of the Transportation Center

Bustamante, Fabián E.

486

Topical agents for the treatment of chronic pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike systemic analgesics, topical analgesics exert their analgesic activity locally and without significant systemic absorption.\\u000a This is in contrast to transdermal analgesics, which require systemic absorption for clinical benefit. The mechanism of action\\u000a of a particular topical analgesic is unique to the specific medication being used as a topical analgesic. Topical analgesics\\u000a have been studied in an increasing number of

Charles E. Argoff

2006-01-01

487

Profiles of Opportunities to Learn for TEDS-M Future Secondary Mathematics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used the data set from the Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics to identify the profiles of opportunities to learn (OTL) regarding topics studied in teacher preparation programs by future secondary mathematics teachers from 15 participating countries. The topics of inquiry covered tertiary-level mathematics,…

Wang, Ting-Ying; Tang, Shu-Jyh

2013-01-01

488

EUROPEAN FOUNDATION FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT (EFQM) BUSINESS EXCELLENCE MODEL: A LITERATURE REVIEW AND FUTURE RESEARCH AGENDA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to explore the nature of the research topics and methodologies used in the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) business excellence model studies, as well as to suggest future research agendas. Results indicate that the majority of papers have paid too much attention to too few research topics (e.g., performance measurement) by employing the case study method.

Dong-Young Kim; Vinod Kumar; Steven A. Murphy

489

Aviation in the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Makes predications concerning future aerospace technology in the areas of supersonic transportation, aircraft design, airfreight, military aviation, hypersonic aircraft and in the much distant future sub-orbital, rocket propelled transports. (BR)

Kayten, Gerald G.

1974-01-01

490

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Hand, M. M.

2012-09-01

491

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2012-11-01

492

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2013-04-01

493

Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

Mai, T.

2012-10-01

494

#include #include  

E-print Network

variables: int i, j, p, ndp, nmp, myndp, pivi, psumsize; double startwtime, endwtime; NestStep_init( &argc = #; ndp = N / p; nmp = N % p; if ($ nmp) myndp = ndp+1; else myndp = ndp; A = new_DArray( N, Type

Kessler, Christoph

495

CSCE 6933/5933 Advanced Topics in VLSI Systems  

E-print Network

· Static Power · Low Power Design 2 Advanced Topics in VLSI Systems #12;Power Dissipation Trend 3 Advanced and Harris 2005 Power Dissipation Static Dissipation Dynamic Dissipation Sub-threshold current Gate Leakage Advanced Topics in VLSI Systems #12;Dynamic and Static Power Sources 9 Advanced Topics in VLSI Systems #12

Mohanty, Saraju P.

496

Deep Twitter Diving: Exploring Topical Groups in Microblogs at Scale  

E-print Network

Deep Twitter Diving: Exploring Topical Groups in Microblogs at Scale Parantapa Bhattacharya IIT groups in Twitter on a large number of topics, each consisting of users who are experts on or interested in a specific topic. Early studies investigating the nature of Twitter suggest that it is a social media

Gummadi, Krishna P.

497

Topical Influence on Twitter: A Feature Construction Approach  

E-print Network

Topical Influence on Twitter: A Feature Construction Approach Menno Luiten Walter A. Kosters Frank In this paper we discuss the task of discovering topical influence within the online social network TWITTER topic. For this research we have sampled a portion of the TWITTER social graph, from which we have

Kosters, Walter

498

Research Topics in Traffic Control and Management Jack Haddad  

E-print Network

Research Topics in Traffic Control and Management Jack Haddad Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering. April 23, 2013 Various research topics are suggested for graduate studies in the area of traffic and Environmental En- gineering. The research topics presented below might combine traffic flow, control, optimal

Rimon, Elon

499

Topics in landing gear dynamics research at NASA Langley  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Four topics in landing gear dynamics are discussed. Three of these topics are subjects of recent research: tilt steering phenomenon, water spray ingestion on flooded runways, and actively controlled landing gear. The fourth topic is a description of a major facility recently enhanced in capability.

Mccomb, H. G., Jr.; Tanner, J. A.

1986-01-01

500

Institute for Software Technology Advanced Topics of Artificial Intelligence  

E-print Network

Institute for Software Technology Advanced Topics of Artificial Intelligence - Description Logic Advanced Topics of AI ­ Description Logic #12;Institute for Software Technology Important Questions E i P f/2 A 8010 GrazA-8010 Graz Austria Alexander Felferning & Gerald Steinbauer 1 Advanced Topics of AI