Sample records for future topics include

  1. Creating Sustainable Futures Topics include

    E-print Network

    Haase, Markus

    ,energy,lightandcolour · materialsandthephysicalworld · microbes,plants,animalsandtheenvironment · food,culture,education,film,history,languageacquisition,linguistics,literature, religionandtheatreofferintoothersocietiesandcultures Media, Culture and Creativity Topics include: · creativepracticeinart,dance,design,film,heritage,literature,media,music

  2. Future Fuels from Forests Institute Topics

    E-print Network

    Future Fuels from Forests Institute Topics: Teachers will investigate the complex and inter of forest based ethanol production: · Forest productivity · Biodiversity & conservation biology conversion to ethanol ·MEECS Energy ResourcesMEECS Energy Resources unit ·Project Learning Tree's Forests

  3. The future of topical analgesics.

    PubMed

    Arnstein, Paul M

    2013-07-01

    Topically applied analgesic therapies have been used throughout history to treat a variety of patient conditions that present with pain. Before modem pharmaceuticals became readily available, mud-based emollients, salves, cold therapies, and other natural remedies were often used. Now we have effective therapies and are developing advanced topical analgesics as we learn more about the physiology and pathophysiology of pain. The use of topical analgesics may be associated with fewer patient systemic side effects than are seen with oral, parenteral, or transdermally administered agents, making the topical route of administration attractive to prescribers and patients. With further refinement of existing drugs and the development of novel agents, topical analgesics may offer relief for treating patient pain conditions that are currently challenging to treat, such as pain resulting from burns, wound debridement, and pressure ulcers. Recognizing the value of a multimodal approach, topical analgesics may offer a therapeutic option that can become part of a comprehensive treatment plan for the patient. With continued advancements in targeted drug-delivery systems, topical analgesics may be able to provide a method to prevent or reverse the phenomena of peripheral and central sensitization, or the neuroplastic changes believed to be responsible for the transition from acute to chronic pain states in patients. For those patients at risk for developing chronic pain states, such as complex regional pain syndrome, the combination of cutaneous stimulation (achieved through rubbing during application) and analgesic effects produced by the drug itself may prevent the disabling pain that often emerges during the subacute phase of disease. In summary, better utilization of currently available topical analgesics and continued research promise to ensure that topical analgesics are, and will continue to be, important tools in the treatment of patients with resistant pain. PMID:24547602

  4. Helicopter aeroelastic stability and response - Current topics and future trends

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Friedmann, Peretz P.

    1990-01-01

    This paper presents several current topics in rotary wing aeroelasticity and concludes by attempting to anticipate future trends and developments. These topics are: (1) the role of geometric nonlinearities; (2) structural modeling, and aeroelastic analysis of composite rotor blades; (3) aeroelastic stability and response in forward flight; (4) modeling of coupled rotor/fuselage aeromechanical problems and their active control; and (5) the coupled rotor-fuselage vibration problem and its alleviation by higher harmonic control. Selected results illustrating the fundamental aspects of these topics are presented. Future developments are briefly discussed.

  5. The future of new oral antibiotics including the quinolones.

    PubMed

    Bergeron, M G

    1988-01-01

    It is estimated that more than 110 million dollars' worth of oral antibiotics will have been sold in Canada in 1987. In the next few years several new oral antimicrobial agents will reach the market, including beta-lactamase inhibitors, cephalosporins, monobactams, erythromycins and quinolones. Most of these new agents have a broader spectrum of antibacterial activity than the presently available oral antibiotics. A few have a longer half-life and can be administered once a day. The new oral drugs, especially the quinolones and possibly beta-lactams, will now be used to treat infections that in the past could be treated only parenterally. Exacerbations of pulmonary infections due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis can now be successfully treated at home with the new quinolones. Osteomyelitis, arthritis, pneumonia and pyelonephritis will most likely be treated at home in the future. In severe infections patients will be admitted to hospital for short courses of parenteral therapy, followed by oral treatment. If used appropriately the new oral agents may lead to new approaches to the treatment of infectious diseases. PMID:3275479

  6. Topical tar: Back to the future

    SciTech Connect

    Paghdal, K.V.; Schwartz, R.A. [University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ (United States)

    2009-08-15

    The use of medicinal tar for dermatologic disorders dates back to the ancient times. Although coal tar is utilized more frequently in modern dermatology, wood tars have also been widely employed. Tar is used mainly in the treatment of chronic stable plaque psoriasis, scalp psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, and seborrheic dermatitis, either alone or in combination therapy with other medications, phototherapy, or both. Many modifications have been made to tar preparations to increase their acceptability, as some dislike its odor, messy application, and staining of clothing. One should consider a tried and true treatment with tar that has led to clearing of lesions and prolonged remission times. Occupational studies have demonstrated the carcinogenicity of tar; however, epidemiologic studies do not confirm similar outcomes when used topically. This article will review the pharmacology, formulations, efficacy, and adverse effects of crude coal tar and other tars in the treatment of selected dermatologic conditions.

  7. Topics include Southern Ocean food web & trophic interactions

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    Expedition vessel from Ushuaia to Antarctica Extras: Payment of expedition fee (international travel, land & marine mammal & sea bird distribution in Antarctica Anthropogenic effects on Antarctic ecosystem Tutorials during & post-expedition Assessment (100% CA) Podcast on selected field course topic Practical

  8. 1. Beginner's level Main topic: Pinyin, greetings, introduce yourself or each other including

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    1. Beginner's level Main topic: Pinyin, greetings, introduce yourself or each other including and how to answer a question. Basic structure of sentences, 2. Elementary level Main topic: More about Main topic: Talking about your daily routine and your hobbies, asking for directions, festivals

  9. Including the Effects of Future Tests in Aircraft Structural Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdem Acar; Raphael T. Haftka; Nam-Ho Kim; Deepti Buchi

    1. Abstract In this paper, we investigate the effects of future tests on aircraft structural safety, focusing on the numbers of coupon tests and structural element tests. The mean failure stress is assumed to be predicted by a failure criterion (e.g. Tsai-Wu), and the initial distribution of this mean failure stress reflects the uncertainty in the analysis procedure that uses

  10. Black Holes at Future Colliders and Beyond: a Topical Review

    E-print Network

    Greg Landsberg

    2006-07-26

    One of the most dramatic consequences of low-scale (~1 TeV) quantum gravity in models with large or warped extra dimension(s) is copious production of mini black holes at future colliders and in ultra-high-energy cosmic ray collisions. Hawking radiation of these black holes is expected to be constrained mainly to our three-dimensional world and results in rich phenomenology. In this topical review we discuss the current status of astrophysical observations of black holes and selected aspects of mini black hole phenomenology, such as production at colliders and in cosmic rays, black hole decay properties, Hawking radiation as a sensitive probe of the dimensionality of extra space, as well as an exciting possibility of finding new physics in the decays of black holes.

  11. Digital Arts The digital arts major offers coursework on a range of topics including

    E-print Network

    Miles, Will

    Digital Arts The digital arts major offers coursework on a range of topics including image manipulation, music production, video, interactivity and 3D animation. Students are encouraged to explore all in these departments should consider the digital arts minor as a way to investigate the creative applications

  12. Futurity

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Futurity website features "the latest discoveries by scientists at top research universities in the US, UK, Canada and Australia." Currently, some of the participating universities include Boston University, Duke University, McGill University, and the University of Sheffield. Visitors to the homepage will note that there are four areas on the site: Earth & Environment, Health & Medicine, Science & Technology, and Society & Culture. Recently profiled news items include a compelling new discovery from New York University about the reality of a tractor beam that can pull microscopic particles. The Society & Culture section is a real find, as it contains engaging pieces like "Is zero tolerance too hard on students?" and "Big banks loom over finance 'ecosystem'." Also, visitors can browse news items by school or by topic area. Finally, the Week's Most Discussed area is a great way to learn about compelling new stories from around the globe.

  13. Subgroups for the CSU Choices Group The first draft of CSU Choices report might include the following topics

    E-print Network

    Shubin, Carol

    Subgroups for the CSU Choices Group The first draft of CSU Choices report might include the following topics: 1. Size, Shape and Campus Autonomy a. Increased campus autonomy for certain decisions- or three-year degrees devoid of general education coursework? f. Can we really reduce to remediation? g

  14. Fertility control in wildlife: review of current status, including novel and future technologies.

    PubMed

    Garside, Deborah; Gebril, Ayman; Alsaadi, Manal; Ferro, Valerie A

    2014-01-01

    Overpopulation of selected groups of animals is widely recognised as an issue that can have adverse effects on several current global problems, such as animal and human health, conservation and environmental changes. This review will, therefore, focus on recent novel contraception together with future technologies that may provide additional contraceptive methods. PMID:25091920

  15. Key Factors in Planning a Sustainable Energy Future Including Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedstrom, Lars; Saxe, Maria; Folkesson, Anders; Wallmark, Cecilia; Haraldsson, Kristina; Bryngelsson, Marten; Alvfors, Per

    2006-01-01

    In this article, a number of future energy visions, especially those basing the energy systems on hydrogen, are discussed. Some often missing comparisons between alternatives, from a sustainability perspective, are identified and then performed for energy storage, energy transportation, and energy use in vehicles. It is shown that it is important…

  16. Reality and Hermiticity from maximizing overlap in the future-included complex action theory

    E-print Network

    Nagao, Keiichi

    2015-01-01

    In the complex action theory whose path runs over not only past but also future we study a normalized matrix element of an operator $\\hat{\\cal O}$ defined in terms of the future state at the latest time $T_B$ and the past state at the earliest time $T_A$ with a proper inner product which makes a non-normal Hamiltonian at first given normal. We present a theorem which states that provided that the operator $\\hat{\\cal O}$ is $Q$-Hermitian, i.e. Hermitian with regard to the proper inner product the normalized matrix element becomes real and time-develops under a $Q$-Hermitian Hamiltonian for the past and future states selected such that the absolute value of the transition amplitude from the past state to the future state is maximized. Furthermore, we give a possible procedure to formulate the $Q$-Hermitian Hamiltonian in terms of $Q$-Hermitian coordinate and momentum operators, and construct a conserved probability current density.

  17. Present-day and future global bottom-up ship emission inventories including polar routes.

    PubMed

    Paxian, Andreas; Eyring, Veronika; Beer, Winfried; Sausen, Robert; Wright, Claire

    2010-02-15

    We present a global bottom-up ship emission algorithm that calculates fuel consumption, emissions, and vessel traffic densities for present-day (2006) and two future scenarios (2050) considering the opening of Arctic polar routes due to projected sea ice decline. Ship movements and actual ship engine power per individual ship from Lloyd's Marine Intelligence Unit (LMIU) ship statistics for six months in 2006 and further mean engine data from literature serve as input. The developed SeaKLIM algorithm automatically finds the most probable shipping route for each combination of start and destination port of a certain ship movement by calculating the shortest path on a predefined model grid while considering land masses, sea ice, shipping canal sizes, and climatological mean wave heights. The resulting present-day ship activity agrees well with observations. The global fuel consumption of 221 Mt in 2006 lies in the range of previously published inventories when undercounting of ship numbers in the LMIU movement database (40,055 vessels) is considered. Extrapolated to 2007 and ship numbers per ship type of the recent International Maritime Organization (IMO) estimate (100,214 vessels), a fuel consumption of 349 Mt is calculated which is in good agreement with the IMO total of 333 Mt. The future scenarios show Arctic polar routes with regional fuel consumption on the Northeast and Northwest Passage increasing by factors of up to 9 and 13 until 2050, respectively. PMID:20088494

  18. Salmonella as a biological "Trojan horse" for neoplasia: future possibilities including brain cancer.

    PubMed

    Mlynarczyk, Gregory S A; Berg, Carrie A; Withrock, Isabelle C; Fick, Meghan E; Anderson, Stephen J; Laboissonniere, Lauren A; Jefferson, Matthew A; Brewer, Matthew T; Stock, Matthew L; Lange, Jennifer K; Luna, K C; Acharya, Sreemoyee; Kanuri, Sriharsha; Sharma, Shaunik; Kondru, Naveen C; McCormack, Garrett R; Carlson, Steve A

    2014-09-01

    This manuscript considers available evidence that a specific Salmonella strain could be used as an effective orally-administered option for cancer therapy involving the brain. It has been established that Salmonella preferentially colonizes neoplastic tissue and thrives as a facultative anaerobe in the intra-tumor environment. Although Salmonella accumulates in tumors by passive processes, it is still possible for lipopolysaccharide to cause sepsis and endotoxic shock during the migration of bacteria to the tumor site. An LPS-free version of a recently identified Salmonella isolate may have the capability to circumvent the blood brain barrier and provide a safer method of reaching brain tumors. This isolate merits further research as a "Trojan horse" for future oral biotherapy of brain cancer. PMID:24986645

  19. Illustrating the impact of including future costs in economic evaluations: an application to end-stage renal disease care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Braden Manns; David Meltzer; Ken Taub; Cam Donaldson

    2003-01-01

    There are strong theoretical arguments for including future costs for related and unrelated medical care and non-medical expenditures within economic evaluations. Nevertheless, there is limited data on how inclusion of such costs affects the cost effectiveness of medical interventions in practice. For a low-cost intervention that improves survival in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, we sought to determine how the

  20. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future TOPICAL LUNCH Title: Integrating Green Infrastructure into our Academic Mission Judy Nitsch

    E-print Network

    Angenent, Lars T.

    Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future TOPICAL LUNCH Title: Integrating Green Infrastructure for green infrastructure, both of Nitsch Engineering initiated the luncheon discussion with an overview of programs at 2 peer universities that use campus green infrastructure (GI) as living laboratory

  1. Future Evolution of Humanity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda Groff

    2007-01-01

    The future evolution of humanity is a huge topic. There are a number of factors that will influence the future evolution of humanity, including how people view and deal with change in general; different models of the processes of evolution and change transforming our world, and different substantive stages of evolution - in physical, biological, cultural, technological, and consciousness areas

  2. Comparison of efficacy of silicone gel, silicone gel sheeting, and topical onion extract including heparin and allantoin for the treatment of postburn hypertrophic scars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huseyin Karagoz; Fuat Yuksel; Ersin Ulkur; Rahmi Evinc

    2009-01-01

    We compared the efficacy of silicone gel (Scarfade®), silicone gel sheet (Epi-Derm™), and topical onion extract including heparin and allantoin (Contractubex®) for the treatment of hypertrophic scars.Forty-five postburn scars were included in the study. Patients with scars less than 6 months from injury were assigned at random to three groups each containing 15 scars, and their treatment was continued for

  3. TOPICAL REVIEW: The discovery, development and future of GMR: The Nobel Prize 2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thompson, Sarah M.

    2008-05-01

    One hundred and one years after J J Thomson was awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the electron, the 2007 Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Professors Peter Grünberg and Albert Fert for the discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in which the spin as well as the charge of the electron is manipulated and exploited in nanoscale magnetic materials. The journey to GMR started with Lord Kelvin who 150 years ago in 1857 made the first observations of anisotropic magnetoresistance and includes Sir Neville Mott who in 1936 realized that electric current in metals could be considered as two independent spin channels. Modern technology also has a significant role to play in the award of this Nobel Prize: GMR is only manifest in nanoscale materials, and the development of nanotechnology growth techniques was a necessary pre-requisite; further, the considerable demands of the magnetic data storage industry to drive up the data density stored on a hard disk fuelled an enormous international research effort following the initial discovery with the result that more than 5 billion GMR read heads have been manufactured since 1997, ubiquitous in hard disks today. This technology drive continues to inspire exploration of the spin current in the field now known as spintronics, generating new ideas and applications. This review explores the science underpinning GMR and spintronics, the different routes to its discovery taken by Professors Grünberg and Fert, the new science, materials and applications that the discovery has triggered and the considerable potential for the future.

  4. Cornell Roundtable on Environmental Studies Topics Conservation benchmarking: Climate Change and the Future of Restoration Ecology

    E-print Network

    Angenent, Lars T.

    recognized restoration ecology as a distinct sub-field, but the idea that ecosystems can be restored to some and the Future of Restoration Ecology Bernd Blossey (NTRES) November 18 2010 12:30 ­ 2:00 PM G01 BioTech Conservation benchmarking: Climate Change and the Future of Restoration Ecology Since the 1980s scholars have

  5. Novel alginate-based nanocarriers as a strategy to include high concentrations of hydrophobic compounds in hydrogels for topical application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nguyen, H. T. P.; Munnier, E.; Souce, M.; Perse, X.; David, S.; Bonnier, F.; Vial, F.; Yvergnaux, F.; Perrier, T.; Cohen-Jonathan, S.; Chourpa, I.

    2015-06-01

    The cutaneous penetration of hydrophobic active molecules is of foremost concern in the dermatology and cosmetic formulation fields. The poor solubility in water of those molecules limits their use in hydrophilic forms such as gels, which are favored by patients with chronic skin disease. The aim of this work is to design a novel nanocarrier of hydrophobic active molecules and to determine its potential as an ingredient of a topical form. The nanocarrier consists of an oily core surrounded by a protective shell of alginate, a natural polysaccharide isolated from brown algae. These calcium alginate-based nanocarriers (CaANCs) were prepared at room temperature and without the use of organic solvent by an accelerated nanoemulsification-polymer crosslinking method. The size (hydrodynamic diameter ?200 nm) and surface charge (zeta potential ? ? 30 mV) of the CaANCs are both compatible with their application on skin. CaANCs loaded with a fluorescent label were stable in model hydrophilic galenic forms under different storage conditions. Curcumin was encapsulated in CaANCs with an efficiency of ?95%, fully retaining its antioxidant activity. The application of the curcumin-loaded CaANCs on excised human skin led to a significant accumulation of the active molecules in the upper layers of the skin, asserting the potential of these nanocarriers in active pharmaceutical and cosmetic ingredients topical delivery.

  6. Novel alginate-based nanocarriers as a strategy to include high concentrations of hydrophobic compounds in hydrogels for topical application.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, H T P; Munnier, E; Souce, M; Perse, X; David, S; Bonnier, F; Vial, F; Yvergnaux, F; Perrier, T; Cohen-Jonathan, S; Chourpa, I

    2015-06-26

    The cutaneous penetration of hydrophobic active molecules is of foremost concern in the dermatology and cosmetic formulation fields. The poor solubility in water of those molecules limits their use in hydrophilic forms such as gels, which are favored by patients with chronic skin disease. The aim of this work is to design a novel nanocarrier of hydrophobic active molecules and to determine its potential as an ingredient of a topical form. The nanocarrier consists of an oily core surrounded by a protective shell of alginate, a natural polysaccharide isolated from brown algae. These calcium alginate-based nanocarriers (CaANCs) were prepared at room temperature and without the use of organic solvent by an accelerated nanoemulsification-polymer crosslinking method. The size (hydrodynamic diameter ?200 nm) and surface charge (zeta potential ? - 30 mV) of the CaANCs are both compatible with their application on skin. CaANCs loaded with a fluorescent label were stable in model hydrophilic galenic forms under different storage conditions. Curcumin was encapsulated in CaANCs with an efficiency of ?95%, fully retaining its antioxidant activity. The application of the curcumin-loaded CaANCs on excised human skin led to a significant accumulation of the active molecules in the upper layers of the skin, asserting the potential of these nanocarriers in active pharmaceutical and cosmetic ingredients topical delivery. PMID:26033822

  7. Antrim shale workshop. Held in Mt. Pleasant, Michigan on December 14, 1993. (Collection of speaker visuals including tables, charts, illustrations). Topical report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    The collection of speaker visuals includes tables, charts, illustrations, schematics, and other graphical and textual summaries, of presentations at the 1993 Antrim Shale workshop, where the following topics were discussed: applied well testing; stimulating the shale; procedures to identify recompletion candidates; pipeline systems for the shale development; mineralogic, petrophysical, and organic geochemical properties of the shale; natural fracture identification and implications for production; application of coiled tubing downhole tools; control of normally occurring radioactive materials; and regional hydrogeochemistry.

  8. MIT: Shaping the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Kenneth R., Ed.

    This book provides 16 essays by faculty and staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) concerning what MIT is like today and offering a guide to its possible future. Emphasis is placed on local, national, and global issues, providing a current sampling of the state of concerns and opinions around MIT. Topics include the question of…

  9. Future Agricultures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Future Agricultures group is a UK Department for International Development (DFID) funded consortium comprised of the Institute of Development Studies, Imperial College London, and Overseas Development Institute. The group is committed to examining the issues that surround agriculture and rural development across the world, with a particular focus on the developing world. Their work includes reports on water management in Ethiopia, a potential second "Green Revolution", and food security. The materials on their site are found in sections that include "News and Events", "Debates", and "Publications". The "Debates" area is a good one, as it includes thoughtful conversations on timely topics like pastoralism, the "Green Revolution" in Africa, and soil fertility. Scholars in the field will appreciate the "Publications" area, which includes policy briefs on poverty reduction in Kenya, coffee commercialization in Malawi, and rising food prices. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and provide feedback on their work.

  10. Topics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathematics Teaching, 1970

    1970-01-01

    Includes short discussion of perimeters of regular polygons having fixed areas, Fibonacci numbers, triangle transformations, transformational matrices, round-off errors, and a mathematical model for musical keys. (RS)

  11. Preparing for the Uncertain Future of Distance Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Distance Education Report, 2001

    2001-01-01

    This interview with Anthony Bates talks about the effects of technological change on distance education, its implications for colleges and universities, and how to prepare for it. Topics include infrastructure decisions; faculty support and training; and future possibilities. (LRW)

  12. Topical Therapies for Pruritus

    PubMed Central

    Elmariah, Sarina B.; Lerner, Ethan A.

    2011-01-01

    Itch, or pruritus, is the predominant symptom associated with acute and chronic cutaneous disease and in some cases, may be debilitating. To date, there is no single universally effective anti-itch treatment. As the pathophysiology of itch in most cutaneous or systemic disorders remains unclear, anti-pruritic therapy is often directed against a variety of targets, including the epidermal barrier, immune system, or the nervous system. Topical therapy is the mainstay of dermatologic management of acute or localized itch or in patients with contraindications to systemic therapies. This review will summarize current topical therapies to treat pruritus and discuss potential future therapies. PMID:21767774

  13. Energy and environmental research emphasizing low-rank coal: Task 3.4 -- Hot-gas cleaning. Topical report (includes semiannual report for January--June 1995)

    SciTech Connect

    Weber, G.F.; Swanson, M.L.

    1995-06-01

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of three subtasks completed in support of the current and future hot-gas cleanup activities at the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC). The overall objective of the EERC hot-gas cleanup task is to develop reliable methods to remove particulate matter from high-temperature, high-pressure gas streams produced from coal combustion and/or gasification. Near-term task objectives include (1) design, fabrication, and assembly of a high-temperature, high-pressure bench-scale filter vessel; (2) design, fabrication, and assembly of a high-temperature, high-pressure sampling train; and (3) the preliminary design of a pilot-scale high-temperature, high-pressure filter vessel and support systems. Bench-scale hot-gas filter research will be performed with the pressurized fluid-bed reactor (PFBR) or the continuous fluid-bed reactor (CFBR) and a hot-gas filter vessel. The objectives of future work with the bench-scale system will be to determine particulate and vapor-phase alkali degradation of candidate ceramic filter structures as well as filter performance relative to particulate collection efficiency, differential pressure, and filter cleanability. Construction of the high-temperature, high-pressure sampling system was intended to support bench- and pilot-scale activities with respect to conventional particulate sampling (total mass and particle-size distribution) and hazardous air pollutant (HAP) sampling. Finally, pilot-scale tests will be performed to evaluate filter performance and determine alkali corrosion of ceramic materials with a hot-gas filter vessel attached to the EERC Transport Reactor Development Unit (TRDU).

  14. The role of natural gas as a primary fuel in the near future, including comparisons of acquisition, transmission and waste handling costs of as with competitive alternatives

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Natural gas comprises about a quarter of the United States’ energy use. It is more environmentally friendly than oil and coal due to lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per unit, less costly per unit of energy and more readily available domestically in abundant supply. However, due to a number of barriers in the political, infrastructural, pricing and other arenas, the use of natural gas as a significant energy source in the United States has been limited. In our paper, we highlight the favorable qualities of natural gas and its benefits for the consumer, producer, and environment, having compared the costs of the various components of the natural gas business such as drilling and transport to that of coal and oil. Moreover, we touch upon the major issues that have prevented a more prevalent use of the gas, such as the fact that the infrastructure of natural gas is more costly since it is transported though pipelines whereas other energy sources such as oil and coal have flexible systems that use trains, trucks and ships. In addition, the powerful lobbies of the coal and oil businesses, along with the inertia in the congress to pass a national climate change bill further dampens incentives for these industries to invest in natural gas, despite its various attractive qualities. We also include discussions of policy proposals to incentive greater use of natural gas in the future. PMID:22540989

  15. A Theme-Based Course: Hydrogen as the Fuel of the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shultz, Mary Jane; Kelly, Matthew; Paritsky, Leonid; Wagner, Julia

    2009-01-01

    A theme-based course focusing on the potential role of hydrogen as a future fuel is described. Numerous topics included in typical introductory courses can be directly related to the issue of hydrogen energy. Beginning topics include Avogadro's number, the mole, atomic mass, gas laws, and the role of electrons in chemical transformations. Reaction…

  16. Topics in Chemical Instrumentation: An Introduction to Supercritical Fluid Chromatography--Part 2. Applications and Future Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmieri, Margo D.

    1989-01-01

    Discussed are selected application and future trends in supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). The greatest application for SFC involves those analytes that are difficult to separate using GC or LC methods. Optimum conditions for SFC are examined. Provided are several example chromatograms. (MVL)

  17. Live Science: Hot Topics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website from Live Science looks at a multitude of topics and the latest news and/or inventions in the topic. Topics include: Nanotechnolgy, Science, Robots, Biotechnology, Inventions, Technology and more. Each page includes a collection of resources on each topic.

  18. Expectations and Anticipations of Middle and High School Special Education Teachers in Preparing Their Students with Intellectual Disability for Future Adult Roles Including Those as Partner and Parent

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedersen, Mette

    2012-01-01

    Through a series of individual ethnographic interviews and focus groups, I explored the expectations and anticipations of middle and high school special education teachers as they carry out their professional charge of educating their students with intellectual disability for lives in the least restrictive environment, including possible adult…

  19. CLEO-c Hot Topics

    E-print Network

    R. Poling

    2006-06-20

    Selected recent results and future prospects for the CLEO-c experiment at CESR are reviewed. The topics covered include measurements of leptonic and semileptonic charm decays made with data collected at the $\\psi(3770)$ resonance and results from a scan of the center-of-mass energy range from 3970 to 4260 MeV addressing the details of open-charm production and properties of the Y(4260) state observed last year by BaBar.

  20. Biomedical HIV Prevention Including Pre-exposure Prophylaxis and Opiate Agonist Therapy for Women Who Inject Drugs: State of Research and Future Directions.

    PubMed

    Page, Kimberly; Tsui, Judith; Maher, Lisa; Choopanya, Kachit; Vanichseni, Suphak; Mock, Philip A; Celum, Connie; Martin, Michael

    2015-06-01

    Women who inject drugs (WWID) are at higher risk of HIV compared with their male counterparts as a result of multiple factors, including biological, behavioral, and sociostructural factors, yet comparatively little effort has been invested in testing and delivering prevention methods that directly target this group. In this article, we discuss the need for expanded prevention interventions for WWID, focusing on 2 safe, effective, and approved, yet underutilized biomedical prevention methods: opiate agonist therapy (OAT) and oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Although both interventions are well researched, they have not been well examined in the context of gender. We discuss the drivers of women injectors' higher HIV risk, review the effectiveness of OAT and PrEP interventions among women, and explain why these new HIV prevention tools should be prioritized for WWID. There is substantial potential for impact of OAT and PrEP programs for WWID in the context of broader gender-responsive HIV prevention initiatives. Although awaiting efficacy data on other biomedical approaches in the HIV prevention research "pipeline," we propose that the scale-up and implementation of these proven, safe, and effective interventions are needed now. PMID:25978484

  1. Biomedical HIV prevention including pre-exposure prophylaxis and opiate agonist therapy for women who inject drugs: State of research and future directions

    PubMed Central

    Page, Kimberly; Tsui, Judith; Maher, Lisa; Choopanya, Kachit; Vanichseni, Suphak; Mock, Philip A.; Celum, Connie; Martin, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Women who inject drugs are at higher risk of HIV compared to their male counterparts as a result of multiple factors including biological, behavioral and socio-structural, yet comparatively little effort has been invested in testing and delivering prevention methods that directly target this group. In this paper, we discuss the need for expanded prevention interventions for women who inject drugs, focusing on two safe, effective, and approved, yet underutilized biomedical prevention methods: opiate agonist therapy (OAT) and oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). While both interventions are well researched they have not been well examined in the context of gender. We discuss the drivers of women injectors’ higher HIV risk, review the effectiveness of OAT and PrEP interventions among women, and explain why these new HIV prevention tools should be prioritized for women who inject drugs. There is substantial potential for impact of OAT and PrEP programs for women who inject drugs in the context of broader gender-responsive HIV prevention initiatives. While awaiting efficacy data on other biomedical approaches in the HIV prevention research ‘pipeline’, we propose that the scale up and implementation of these proven, safe, and effective interventions are needed now. PMID:25978484

  2. Evolutionary multi-objective optimization: some current research trends and topics that remain to be explored

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carlos A. Coello Coello

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides a short review of some of the main topics in which the current research in evolutionary multi-objective\\u000a optimization is being focused. The topics discussed include new algorithms, efficiency, relaxed forms of dominance, scalability,\\u000a and alternative metaheuristics. This discussion motivates some further topics which, from the author’s perspective, constitute\\u000a good potential areas for future research, namely, constraint-handling techniques,

  3. Future GPD Measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Kaiser, Ralf [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2009-08-04

    Generalised Parton Distributions (GPDs) have grown into one of the main topics in hadron physics. They are playing a central role in the physics of the JLab 12 GeV upgrade as well as in the future physics programme of the COMPASS experiment at CERN. This paper explores the future of GPD measurements in the short, medium and long term. The short term includes the analysis of already existing data from HERMES and JLab and planned measurements at JLab before the 12 GeV upgrade. In the medium term this concerns the JLab programme after the upgrade, measurements at COMPASS and at PANDA/FAIR. The EIC project or possible alternatives form the long term perspective. The main focus of the considerations lies on DVCS measurements and related experiments.

  4. Freshman Health Topics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hovde, Karen

    2011-01-01

    This article examines a cluster of health topics that are frequently selected by students in lower division classes. Topics address issues relating to addictive substances, including alcohol and tobacco, eating disorders, obesity, and dieting. Analysis of the topics examines their interrelationships and organization in the reference literature.…

  5. Energy futures: Trading opportunities for the 1990s

    SciTech Connect

    Treat, J.E. (ed.)

    1990-01-01

    This volume contains an edited collection of views from practitioners in the rapidly growing area of energy futures and options trading, a major element of risk management. Four chapters are devoted to Trading Theories and Strategies. This section is aimed at the specialist in energy, rather than finance. The complexities of options trading are described in another chapter. The remaining sections of this book present a variety of topics in this field including Natural Gas Trading and Futures, Energy Futures and Options Trading, and Accounting, Taxation and Internal Control. The book is a good introduction and reference to the mechanics and institutions of energy futures contracts and trading.

  6. The Study of the Future: An Agenda for Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boucher, Wayne I., Ed.

    This collection of 18 papers is concerned with the beliefs, methods, practices, and results associated with the type of forecasting which has become known in the last 10 to 15 years as "futures research." Topics discussed include: (1) forecasting methodology; (2) the validity of forecasting systems; (3) unforeseen developments; (4) forecasting in…

  7. The future of energy, issues

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Iowa Public Television. Explore More Project

    2004-01-01

    There are many issues surrounding the use of energy today. This section of a series about the future of energy introduces students to four different issues: consumption, efficiency, infrastructure, and environment. Descriptions of the issues investigate such topics as environmental considerations, clean air, dependence on foreign fuels, environmental impacts, an aging energy grid, and appliance efficiency, among others. In the descriptions, students can access glossary definitions of highlighted terms and feature articles related to energy issues. Some of the descriptions include PBS NewsHour links to energy-related stories, as well as other links to additional information. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  8. Identifying Key Priorities for Future Palliative Care Research Using an Innovative Analytic Approach

    PubMed Central

    Riffin, Catherine; Pillemer, Karl; Chen, Emily K.; Warmington, Marcus; Adelman, Ronald D.; Reid, M. C.

    2015-01-01

    Using an innovative approach, we identified research priorities in palliative care to guide future research initiatives. We searched 7databases (2005–2012) for review articles published on the topics of palliative and hospice–end-of-life care. The identified research recommendations (n = 648) fell into 2 distinct categories: (1) ways to improve methodological approaches and (2) specific topic areas in need of future study. The most commonly cited priority within the theme of methodological approaches was the need for enhanced rigor. Specific topics in need of future study included perspectives and needs of patients, relatives, and providers; underrepresented populations; decision-making; cost-effectiveness; provider education; spirituality; service use; and inter-disciplinary approaches to delivering palliative care. This review underscores the need for additional research on specific topics and methodologically rigorous research to inform health policy and practice. PMID:25393169

  9. Text Segmentation by Topic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jay M. Ponte; W. Bruce Croft

    1997-01-01

    . We investigate the problem of text segmentation by topic.Applications for this task include topic tracking of broadcast speech dataand topic identification in full-text databases. Researchers have tackledsimilar problems before but with different goals. This study focuses ondata with relatively small segment sizes and for which within-segmentsentences have relatively few words in common making the problem challenging.We present a method

  10. Nuclear Chemistry: Include It in Your Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwood, Charles H.; Sheline, R. K.

    1989-01-01

    Some of the topics that might be included in a nuclear chemistry section are explored. Offers radioactivity, closed shells in nuclei, energy of nuclear processes, nuclear reactions, and fission and fusion as topics of interest. Provided are ideas and examples for each. (MVL)

  11. Topical Drug Delivery for Chronic Rhinosinusitis

    PubMed Central

    Liang, Jonathan; Lane, Andrew P.

    2013-01-01

    Chronic rhinosinusitis is a multifactorial disorder that may be heterogeneous in presentation and clinical course. While the introduction of endoscopic sinus surgery revolutionized surgical management and has led to significantly improved patient outcomes, medical therapy remains the foundation of long-term care of chronic rhinosinusitis, particularly in surgically recalcitrant cases. A variety of devices and pharmaceutical agents have been developed to apply topical medical therapy to the sinuses, taking advantage of the access provided by endoscopic surgery. The goal of topical therapy is to address the inflammation, infection, and mucociliary dysfunction that underlies the disease. Major factors that impact success include the patient’s sinus anatomy and the dynamics of the delivery device. Despite a growing number of topical treatment options, the evidence-based literature to support their use is limited. In this article, we comprehensively review current delivery methods and the available topical agents. We also discuss biotechnological advances that promise enhanced delivery in the future, and evolving pharmacotherapeutical compounds that may be added to rhinologist’s armamentarium. A complete understand of topical drug delivery is increasingly essential to the management of chronic rhinosinusitis when traditional forms of medical therapy and surgery have failed. PMID:23525506

  12. Efinaconazole Topical

    MedlinePLUS

    Efinaconazole topical solution is used to treat fungal toenail infections (infections that may cause nail discoloration, splitting, or pain). Efinaconazole topical solution is in a class of medications ...

  13. Topic in Depth - Subways

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Many cities around the world offer subways as a primary mode of public transportation. These subway systems are not only major accomplishments in civil engineering, but have a rich history. This Topic in Depth explores the technology, history, and future of subways.

  14. Hardware development for pervasive healthcare systems: Current status and future directions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amit Acharyya; Koushik Maharatna; Bashir M. Al-Hashimi

    2008-01-01

    This paper surveys ongoing research for pervasive healthcare system development, highlights the associated technical challenges and outlines some possible future topics that require innovative research. We present a conceptual high level system overview for pervasive healthcare including a resource constrained architecture for extracting fetal electrocardiogram from maternal composite abdominal signal as a case study.

  15. Mapping Ethical Consumer Behavior: Integrating the Empirical Research and Identifying Future Directions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eleni Papaoikonomou; Gerard Ryan; Mireia Valverde

    2011-01-01

    The concept of “ethical consumer behavior” has gained significant attention among practitioners and academic researchers, generating increasing but disjointed knowledge on the topic. By analyzing the empirical research on ethical consumer behavior, this article provides researchers with a map to guide future research. In total, we review 80 studies. The main contributions of the article include the identification of the

  16. Software Past, Present, and Future: Views from Government, Industry and Academia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holcomb, Lee; Page, Jerry; Evangelist, Michael

    2000-01-01

    Views from the NASA CIO NASA Software Engineering Workshop on software development from the past, present, and future are presented. The topics include: 1) Software Past; 2) Software Present; 3) NASA's Largest Software Challenges; 4) 8330 Software Projects in Industry Standish Groups 1994 Report; 5) Software Future; 6) Capability Maturity Model (CMM): Software Engineering Institute (SEI) levels; 7) System Engineering Quality Also Part of the Problem; 8) University Environment Trends Will Increase the Problem in Software Engineering; and 9) NASA Software Engineering Goals.

  17. `We discuss the future of

    E-print Network

    of stocks, whose connections meant strong correlations, was built to study the cluster of stocks`We discuss the future of our work on correlations of stocks on the London Stock Exchange which. The first topic that we discuss is the future of our work on correlations of stocks on the London Stock

  18. The development of electricity futures

    SciTech Connect

    Leach, B.

    1994-12-31

    The development of electricity futures is outlined. The following topics are discussed: electricity futures contract research; evolution of the electricity industry; electric power marketer applications; natural gas marketing companies; EWG filings and approvals; and introduction to New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX).

  19. Selected Topics in Overset Technology Development and Applications At NASA Ames Research Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chan, William M.; Kwak, Dochan (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents a general overview of overset technology development and applications at NASA Ames Research Center. The topics include: 1) Overview of overset activities at NASA Ames; 2) Recent developments in Chimera Grid Tools; 3) A general framework for multiple component dynamics; 4) A general script module for automating liquid rocket sub-systems simulations; and 5) Critical future work.

  20. Workshops of the Fifth International Brain-Computer Interface Meeting: Defining the Future.

    PubMed

    Huggins, Jane E; Guger, Christoph; Allison, Brendan; Anderson, Charles W; Batista, Aaron; Brouwer, Anne-Marie A-M; Brunner, Clemens; Chavarriaga, Ricardo; Fried-Oken, Melanie; Gunduz, Aysegul; Gupta, Disha; Kübler, Andrea; Leeb, Robert; Lotte, Fabien; Miller, Lee E; Müller-Putz, Gernot; Rutkowski, Tomasz; Tangermann, Michael; Thompson, David Edward

    2014-01-01

    The Fifth International Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) Meeting met June 3-7(th), 2013 at the Asilomar Conference Grounds, Pacific Grove, California. The conference included 19 workshops covering topics in brain-computer interface and brain-machine interface research. Topics included translation of BCIs into clinical use, standardization and certification, types of brain activity to use for BCI, recording methods, the effects of plasticity, special interest topics in BCIs applications, and future BCI directions. BCI research is well established and transitioning to practical use to benefit people with physical impairments. At the same time, new applications are being explored, both for people with physical impairments and beyond. Here we provide summaries of each workshop, illustrating the breadth and depth of BCI research and high-lighting important issues for future research and development. PMID:25485284

  1. Statement of Stephen S. Trott, Associate Attorney General, United States Department of Justice before the Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. House of Representatives concerning the Federal Government's Present and Future Efforts in Eradication, Interdiction, Law Enforcement, Education and Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

    Testimony of Associate Attorney General Stephen S. Trott on the federal government's present and future efforts in drug law enforcement before the Congressional Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control is presented in this document. Three topic areas are included in the testimony. The first topic of management initiatives discusses…

  2. Distillations: Extracts from the Past, Present and Future of Chemistry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This weekly science podcast focuses on the past, present, and future of chemistry. Program content includes interviews, monologues, reviews, features, and other items intended to provide historical perspective on current scientific issues. Topics covered include, for example, chemistry as technology, performance-enhancing drugs, catalysts, the chemistry of brewing, and preservation. The web site offers a brief synopsis and timeline for each program, and links for streaming the audio or downloading files for later listening. Other materials include links to a selection of science blogs and to other science-oriented podcasts.

  3. Resources for the Future: Wholesale Electricity Markets and Policy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Brennan, Timothy J.

    In this article, Tim Brennan, a senior fellow at Resources for the Future, provides an overview of Wholesale Electricity Markets and Policy. Based in Washington, D.C., Resources for the Future (RFF), is an "independent institute dedicated exclusively to analyzing environmental, energy, and natural resource topics." (See also Scout Report from August 23, 1998.) The article is adapted from a book by Brennan published by RFF. In the article, Brennan discusses the challenges and benefits of "replacing regulation with competition" and provides an overview of the electricity market. He concludes that "while reasons for optimism exist, policy-makers should always keep in mind that electricity's crucial nature and unique characteristics may render it unsuitable for extensive competition." The Publications section includes numerous other Discussion Papers, Issue Briefs and Reports on environmental topics which are available free of charge.

  4. Present and future applications of magnetic nanostructures grown by FEBID

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Teresa, J. M.; Fernández-Pacheco, A.

    2014-12-01

    Currently, magnetic nanostructures are routinely grown by focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID). In the present article, we review the milestones produced in the topic in the past as well as the future applications of this technology. Regarding past milestones, we highlight the achievement of high-purity cobalt and iron deposits, the high lateral resolution obtained, the growth of 3D magnetic deposits, the exploration of magnetic alloys and the application of magnetic deposits for Hall sensing and in domain-wall conduit and magnetologic devices. With respect to future perspectives of the topic, we emphasize the potential role of magnetic nanostructures grown by FEBID for applications related to highly integrated 2D arrays, 3D nanowires devices, fabrication of advanced scanning-probe systems, basic studies of magnetic structures and their dynamics, small sensors (including biosensors) and new applications brought by magnetic alloys and even exchange biased systems.

  5. Topical Search: AIDS and Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.

    This topical search includes 30 of the most representative citations on the subject of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and youth selected from the National Institute of Justice/NCJRS (National Criminal Justice Reference Service) database. Topics covered in this package include education programs for in-school youth, policies and…

  6. Echoes from the Future: Challenges for New Learning Systems. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning (6th, Madison, Wisconsin, August 8-10, 1990).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Chere Campbell, Comp.

    Presentations at this conference focused on future developments in distance education and innovative uses of learning technologies. Ten papers from the general sessions, including keynote addresses and a panel, are presented in the first of two sections. Topics covered include planning for new priorities in distance education; trends for the…

  7. Topics in Calculus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lady, E. Lee.

    1998-01-01

    E. Lee Lady, a professor in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Hawaii, authored these notes to help students learn how to use, not just understand, the concepts of calculus. A total of fifteen topics are covered and include max-min problems, exponential growth, and the derivation of Kepler's second law. The materials are available in DVI, .pdf, or Java versions. Each topic can be obtained as a separate file.

  8. 2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or

    E-print Network

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    -Replay vs. Programmable Web Testing: An Empirical Assessment during Test Case Evolution Maurizio Leotta functional web testing and the choice among them depends on a number of factors, including the tools used for web testing and the costs associated with their adoption. In this paper, we present an empirical cost

  9. Topical Microbicides and HIV Prevention in the Female Genital Tract

    PubMed Central

    Cottrell, Mackenzie L; Kashuba, Angela D. M.

    2014-01-01

    Worldwide, HIV disproportionately affects women who are often unable to negotiate traditional HIV preventive strategies such as condoms. In the absence of an effective vaccine or cure, chemoprophylaxis may be a valuable self-initiated alternative. Topical microbicides have been investigated as one such option. The first generation topical microbicides were non-specific, broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents, including surfactants, polyanions, and acid buffering gels, that generally exhibited contraceptive properties. After extensive clinical study, none prevented HIV infection, and their development was abandoned. Second generation topical microbicides include agents with selective mechanisms of antiviral activity. Most are currently being used for, or have previously been explored as, drugs for treatment of HIV. The most advanced of these is tenofovir 1% gel: the first topical agent shown to significantly reduce HIV infection by 39% compared to placebo. This review summarizes the evolution of topical microbicides for HIV chemoprophylaxis, highlights important concepts learned, and offers current and future considerations for this area of research. PMID:24664786

  10. Teaching the Middle East: Topics and Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albright, Charlotte F.

    1982-01-01

    Topics and resources for a discussion of the Middle East in a secondary social studies classroom are presented. The topics include geography and world resources, ethnic groups, religions, and case studies of specific countries. (AM)

  11. Future Spacelift Requirements Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    This study addresses future space applications and the derived requirements these potential applications will have on future spacelift systems. This NASA sponsored activity is a comprehensive study of potential missions including those of the military, civil, and commercial users. The study objectively evaluated the key architectural requirements for future launch systems. The results of this study are technical, economic, and policy analyses of future spacelift systems. It is intended to assist NASA and DOD decision-makers in planning technical investments and establishing policy for future U.S. spacelift systems.

  12. Future perspectives on space psychology: Recommendations on psychosocial and neurobehavioural aspects of human spaceflight

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De La Torre, Gabriel G.; van Baarsen, Berna; Ferlazzo, Fabio; Kanas, Nick; Weiss, Karine; Schneider, Stefan; Whiteley, Iya

    2012-12-01

    Recently the psychological effects of space flight have gained in attention. In uncovering the psychological challenges that individuals and teams can face, we need research options that integrate psychosocial aspects with behavioral, performance, technical and environmental issues. Future perspectives in Space Psychology and Human Spaceflight are reviewed in this paper. The topics covered include psychosocial and neurobehavioural aspects, neurocognitive testing tools, decision making, autonomy and delayed communications, well being, mental health, situational awareness, and methodology. Authors were members of a European Space Agency (ESA) Research Topical Team on Psychosocial and Behavioral Aspects of Human Spaceflight. They discuss the different topics under a common perspective of a theoretical and practical framework, showing interactions, relationships and possible solutions for the different aspects and variables in play. Recommendations for every topic are offered and summarized for future research in the field. The different proposed research ideas can be accomplished using analogs and simulation experiments, short- and long-duration bed rest, and in-flight microgravity studies. These topics are especially important for future Moon and Mars mission design and training.

  13. Eruptions of Mount St. Helens: Past, Present, and Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Robert Tilling

    This on-line book, published by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), covers the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in Washington state. There is a discussion of the events leading up to the eruption, as well as an explanation of the mountain's volcanic history. Immediate effects are covered, including the ash falls, pyroclastic flows, and debris. Post-eruption topics include subsequent activity after the May 18th blast, comparison with other volcanoes, and possible future behavior. Additional reading resources are given for further reference.

  14. Topics for Current and Future Consideration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pappas, James P.; Jerman, Jerry

    2011-01-01

    What lies ahead for nontraditional doctorate programs? What issues should concern administrators, faculty, and scholars? Faculty and administrators raised concerns that the marketplace demand for "nontraditional doctoral programs" would pollute the academic purity and sanctity of traditional programs. The authors provide some considerations for…

  15. [Results of voluntary and mandatory statistics 1986/87--including a comparison with the preliminary study 1984/85. Scope of the topic: experiences after 2.5 years of the federal directive on operating cost rates of 1985].

    PubMed

    Winter, T

    1989-01-01

    The absolute necessity of checking documentation received was reported on, as well as the fact that the legislature cannot assume that one can draw conclusions from one year about the following year. It was shown that the introduction of new methods can considerably affect diagnosis statistics, and pointed out that easier research into complications was one positive effect of the--externally induced--more detailed formulation of medical reports. Since, in our 10,000-patient orthopedic-traumatologic clinic, we had to state every fourth ICD-9 figure including the V-classification, it would not be possible in our case to cover the entire hospital with just a few code numbers. Furthermore, it has so far proved right, in spite of the stipulation to use ICD-9, to perform basic documentation using our in-house code. This appears indispensable to us, particularly considering the error rate when decoding ICD-9 data. PMID:2510415

  16. Topical application of entry inhibitors as \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael M Lederman; Robin Jump; Heather A Pilch-Cooper; Michael Root; Scott F Sieg

    2008-01-01

    With the continuing march of the AIDS epidemic and little hope for an effective vaccine in the near future, work to develop a topical strategy to prevent HIV infection is increasingly important. This stated, the track record of large scale \\

  17. [Non adherence and topical steroids].

    PubMed

    Aubert, H; Barbarot, S

    2012-01-01

    Compliance raises very specific questions in dermatology related to the frequent use of local treatments: creams or ointments, including topical corticosteroids. The adherence in dermatology is a complex issue. It is difficult to quantify objectively because of the patient subjectivity, the constant adaptation to changes in the course of the disease, and due to the lack of adapted device. Moreover poor compliance may be related to topical corticosteroid phobia, defined as a fear vis-à-vis the topical corticosteroids, rational or not. The topical corticosteroid phobia is very common in the management of chronic inflammatory skin diseases especially in atopic dermatitis. PMID:22305285

  18. Taboo Topics in Addiction Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emil J. Chiauzzi; Steven Liljegren

    Abstract- This article reviews II taboo topics, that is, research findings that question traditional assumptions and teachings of addiction treatment. These topics include: (I) the lack of empirical support for the Minnesota Model; (2) questions about the necessity of Alcoholics Anonymous for maintaining abstinence; (3) the existence of spontaneous remission; (4) the detrimental aspects of labeling; (5) the value of

  19. Futurity.org

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Research news from leading universities in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. A free online resource updated frequently, with engaging, plain-speaking presentations meant for the general public as well as researchers and professionals. Topic areas include Earth & Environment, Health & Medicine, Science & Design, Society & Culture. There are links to science-related blogs.

  20. Webwise 2010: Imagining the Digital Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-06-03

    "Libraries and Museums in the Digital World" was the topic of the Webwise 2010 Conference in Denver, CO. The proceedings were faithfully recorded and offered as a webcast so that visitors who could not attend could still listen to all the lectures and discussions. Some of the topics that were covered at the conference include "interoperability, the future of collaboration, standards & best practices, technology and systems development, [and] training a 21st century cultural heritage information workforce." Visitors will find the webcast archive is at the bottom of the homepage, and it is divided up into "Pre-Conference #1", "Webwise 2010 - Day 1", and "Webwise 2010 - Day 2". Some of the Pre-Conference panels are "Digital Resources for Learning Spaces" and "21st Century Learners". "Webwise 2010 - Day 2" offers a lecture on the further education of librarians and information specialists, with "Skills for the Future: Educational Opportunities for Library and Museum". There's a great deal of material here for information technology specialists, librarians, and others.

  1. NCEO Brief July 2012 Including Students with

    E-print Network

    Janssen, Michel

    ) accommodation policies that account for good testing practices, embedded features of technology learned from inclusive large- scale assessments. This and other Briefs in this series address as they include students with disabilities and English lan- guage learners. Topics in this series (e

  2. TOPICAL TREATMENT OF MELASMA

    PubMed Central

    Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata

    2009-01-01

    Melasma is a common hypermelanotic disorder affecting the face that is associated with considerable psychological impacts. The management of melasma is challenging and requires a long-term treatment plan. In addition to avoidance of aggravating factors like oral pills and ultraviolet exposure, topical therapy has remained the mainstay of treatment. Multiple options for topical treatment are available, of which hydroquinone (HQ) is the most commonly prescribed agent. Besides HQ, other topical agents for which varying degrees of evidence for clinical efficacy exist include azelaic acid, kojic acid, retinoids, topical steroids, glycolic acid, mequinol, and arbutin. Topical medications modify various stages of melanogenesis, the most common mode of action being inhibition of the enzyme, tyrosinase. Combination therapy is the preferred mode of treatment for the synergism and reduction of untoward effects. The most popular combination consists of HQ, a topical steroid, and retinoic acid. Prolonged HQ usage may lead to untoward effects like depigmentation and exogenous ochronosis. The search for safer alternatives has given rise to the development of many newer agents, several of them from natural sources. Well-designed controlled clinical trials are needed to clarify their role in the routine management of melasma. PMID:20101327

  3. Topical treatment of melasma.

    PubMed

    Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata

    2009-01-01

    Melasma is a common hypermelanotic disorder affecting the face that is associated with considerable psychological impacts. The management of melasma is challenging and requires a long-term treatment plan. In addition to avoidance of aggravating factors like oral pills and ultraviolet exposure, topical therapy has remained the mainstay of treatment. Multiple options for topical treatment are available, of which hydroquinone (HQ) is the most commonly prescribed agent. Besides HQ, other topical agents for which varying degrees of evidence for clinical efficacy exist include azelaic acid, kojic acid, retinoids, topical steroids, glycolic acid, mequinol, and arbutin. Topical medications modify various stages of melanogenesis, the most common mode of action being inhibition of the enzyme, tyrosinase. Combination therapy is the preferred mode of treatment for the synergism and reduction of untoward effects. The most popular combination consists of HQ, a topical steroid, and retinoic acid. Prolonged HQ usage may lead to untoward effects like depigmentation and exogenous ochronosis. The search for safer alternatives has given rise to the development of many newer agents, several of them from natural sources. Well-designed controlled clinical trials are needed to clarify their role in the routine management of melasma. PMID:20101327

  4. The Future of Career.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collin, Audrey, Ed.; Young, Richard A., Ed.

    This book presents many views of the concept of "career," reviewing its past and considering its future in an international context including viewpoints from sociology, psychology, and human resources management. Following an introduction, "Framing the Future of Career" (Richard Young and Audrey Collin), the book contains the following 17…

  5. Bioequivalence for Topical Products—An Update

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yogeeta Narkar

    2010-01-01

    With the exception of topical glucocorticoids, demonstrating bioequivalence between generic and reference topical products\\u000a entails conducting clinical end-point trials which are both lengthy and expensive. Considerable effort has been channeled\\u000a towards development and validation of alternative approaches to demonstrate bioequivalence of topical and transdermal products.\\u000a The critical opportunity pathways identified by the FDA for the industry for topical bioequivalence include

  6. Topical clonidine antinociception

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmet Dogrul; I. Tayfun Uzbay

    2004-01-01

    Clonidine, an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist, is an extremely potent antinociceptive agent. However, the therapeutic utility of systemic clonidine for the treatment of pain is limited by centrally mediated side effects including sedation, hypotension and rebound hypertension. Given that alpha-2 adrenoceptors are expressed on the peripheral and central terminals of nociceptive fibers, we administered clonidine topically in order to avoid central

  7. interval included oral and topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory

    E-print Network

    Srinivasan, Vivek J.

    . A 66-year-old man underwent cataract extraction and placement of a posterior chamber in- traocular lens nuclear sclerosis in the right eye and a well-placed PCIOL in the left eye. Dilated fundus examina- tion

  8. Bexarotene Topical

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of penis, rectum, and anus.You may bathe, shower, or swim during your treatment with topical bexarotene, ... apply the medication, do not bathe, swim, or shower for at least 3 hours.Ask your pharmacist ...

  9. The role of advanced technology in the future of the power generation industry

    SciTech Connect

    Bechtel, T.F.

    1994-10-01

    This presentation reviews the directions that technology has given the power generation industry in the past and how advanced technology will be the key for the future of the industry. The topics of the presentation include how the industry`s history has defined its culture, how today`s economic and regulatory climate has constrained its strategy, and how certain technology options might give some of the players an unfair advantage.

  10. EFF HOT Topics: Strategies and Tools for Teaching with EFF. Volume 3, Number 1, Fall 2003

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potts, Meta, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    "EFF HOT (Highlights on Teaching Topics) Topics" is a publication of the EFF (Equipped for the Future) Center for Training and Technical Assistance. Each issue concentrates on a specific topic, highlighting examples of actual practice and offering strategies and tools for using EFF in the classroom. In this issue, "HOT Topics" focuses on the EFF…

  11. The future of carbon sequestration. 2nd ed.

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    2007-04-15

    The report is an overview of the opportunities for carbon sequestration to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It provides a concise look at what is driving interest in carbon sequestration, the challenges faced in implementing carbon sequestration projects, and the current and future state of carbon sequestration. Topics covered in the report include: Overview of the climate change debate; Explanation of the global carbon cycle; Discussion of the concept of carbon sequestration; Review of current efforts to implement carbon sequestration; Analysis and comparison of carbon sequestration component technologies; Review of the economic drivers of carbon sequestration project success; and Discussion of the key government and industry initiatives supporting carbon sequestration.

  12. Food reward system: current perspectives and future research needs.

    PubMed

    Alonso-Alonso, Miguel; Woods, Stephen C; Pelchat, Marcia; Grigson, Patricia Sue; Stice, Eric; Farooqi, Sadaf; Khoo, Chor San; Mattes, Richard D; Beauchamp, Gary K

    2015-05-01

    This article reviews current research and cross-disciplinary perspectives on the neuroscience of food reward in animals and humans, examines the scientific hypothesis of food addiction, discusses methodological and terminology challenges, and identifies knowledge gaps and future research needs. Topics addressed herein include the role of reward and hedonic aspects in the regulation of food intake, neuroanatomy and neurobiology of the reward system in animals and humans, responsivity of the brain reward system to palatable foods and drugs, translation of craving versus addiction, and cognitive control of food reward. The content is based on a workshop held in 2013 by the North American Branch of the International Life Sciences Institute. PMID:26011903

  13. US Support Program Topical Meetings 1999 to 2008

    SciTech Connect

    Pepper,S.

    2008-06-10

    In 1999, the International Safeguards Project Office began organizing topical workshops to explore technical issues facing the International Atomic Energy Agency's Department of Safeguards. Representatives from IAEA member states including the United States, national laboratories and companies were invited to the workshops to discuss the technical issues. In some cases professional facilitators were hired to lead the discussions and in some cases business gaming techniques were employed. Since 1999, the following topics have been addressed Data Communication Technologies (1999), Information Security (2000), Design and Testing for High Reliability (2001), Standardization and Integration of Unattended and Remote Monitoring Systems (2002), Roadmapping: Surveillance (2003), IAEA Seals Technology Roadmapping Workshop (2004), Turning Information Into Knowledge (2004), Safeguards Tools of the Future (2005), and Advanced Sensors for Safeguards (2007). This paper will review the scope of the workshops and summarize their results.

  14. Rosacea and its topical management.

    PubMed

    Gooderham, M

    2009-02-01

    Many options exist for the treatment of rosacea, including topical and systemic therapies, laser and light-based therapies, and surgical procedures. A classification system for rosacea identifies 4 subtypes (i.e., erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular), which may help guide therapeutic decision-making. The goals of therapy include reduction of papules, pustules, erythema, physical discomfort, and an improvement in quality of life. Standard topical treatment agents include metronidazole, azelaic acid, and sodium sulfacetamide-sulfur. Second line therapies include benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, calcineurin inhibitors, and permethrin. PMID:19330270

  15. Future Threats to Future Trust

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bos, Herbert; Ioannidis, Sotiris; Jonsson, Erland; Kirda, Engin; Kruegel, Chris

    In April 2008, the European ‘Forward’ initiative organized an experts meeting in Göteborg to discuss future threats to ICT systems. This paper summarizes the conclusions of this meeting and their bearings on trust in future computing systems. In particular, it looks at critical infrastructure and large scale systems, fraud and malware in some detail.

  16. The Topical Evolution: Free Ions, Orthomolecular Agents, Phytochemicals, and Insect-Produced Substances

    PubMed Central

    Conner-Kerr, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    Significance: A variety of topical antiseptic substances have been used historically to treat open wounds with suspected tissue infection or that are slow to heal. However, the effectiveness of these substances in treating infected or recalcitrant wounds remains controversial. Recent Advances: Newly formulated topical antiseptics delivered through differing dressing technologies, such as ionic substances, hold the potential to limit the development of and treat antibiotic-resistant microbes in open wounds. Other topically delivered substances, such as insect-derived substances, orthomolecular agents, and phytochemicals, also present opportunities to optimize wound healing by decreasing tissue bioburden and facilitating the wound healing process. Critical Issues: Limited systemic perfusion of open wounds in individuals with certain diagnoses, such as peripheral arterial disease or necrotizing infection and the increasing number of antibiotic-resistant wound pathogens, suggests a continued role for topically applied antiseptic agents. Likewise, the failure of wounds to heal when treated with standard of care therapy opens the door to innovative treatment approaches that include the natural substances described in this article. Future Directions: Evidence for the use of select topical antiseptic agents from each of the aforementioned categories will be discussed in this article. Additional well-controlled clinical studies are needed to provide definitive recommendations for many of these topical agents. PMID:25126473

  17. Future Trends Program: Course Outline. (Appendix II, Futurizing the Power Industry.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harkins, Arthur M.; And Others

    Consultants hired by a power company in the Central United States cooperated with employees to design a unique nine-month program called "Future Trends." The course, stressing the traits of man which enable him to adapt to the future, is outlined in this appendix. The course is divided into a preview and eight topic segments. A short description…

  18. Future land use plan

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-08-31

    The US Department of Energy`s (DOE) changing mission, coupled with the need to apply appropriate cleanup standards for current and future environmental restoration, prompted the need for a process to determine preferred Future Land Uses for DOE-owned sites. DOE began the ``Future Land Use`` initiative in 1994 to ensure that its cleanup efforts reflect the surrounding communities` interests in future land use. This plan presents the results of a study of stakeholder-preferred future land uses for the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), located in central Long Island, New York. The plan gives the Laboratory`s view of its future development over the next 20 years, as well as land uses preferred by the community were BNL ever to cease operations as a national laboratory (the post-BNL scenario). The plan provides an overview of the physical features of the site including its history, topography, geology/hydrogeology, biological inventory, floodplains, wetlands, climate, and atmosphere. Utility systems and current environmental operations are described including waste management, waste water treatment, hazardous waste management, refuse disposal and ground water management. To complement the physical descriptions of the site, demographics are discussed, including overviews of the surrounding areas, laboratory population, and economic and non-economic impacts.

  19. Ciclopirox Topical

    MedlinePLUS

    ... scales and blisters on the skin, hair, or nails); peripheral vascular disease (narrowing of blood vessels in feet, legs, or arms causing numbness, pain, or coldness in that part of the body); or ... keep your nails clean and dry during treatment with ciclopirox topical ...

  20. Clindamycin Topical

    MedlinePLUS

    ... if you have or have ever had asthma, eczema (sensitive skin that often becomes itchy or irritated) or allergies.tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while using topical clindamycin, ...

  1. Organization's Orderly Interest Exploration: Inception, Development and Insights of AIAA's Topics Database

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marshall, Jospeh R.; Morris, Allan T.

    2007-01-01

    Since 2003, AIAA's Computer Systems and Software Systems Technical Committees (TCs) have developed a database that aids technical committee management to map technical topics to their members. This Topics/Interest (T/I) database grew out of a collection of charts and spreadsheets maintained by the TCs. Since its inception, the tool has evolved into a multi-dimensional database whose dimensions include the importance, interest and expertise of TC members and whether or not a member and/or a TC is actively involved with the topic. In 2005, the database was expanded to include the TCs in AIAA s Information Systems Group and then expanded further to include all AIAA TCs. It was field tested at an AIAA Technical Activities Committee (TAC) Workshop in early 2006 through live access by over 80 users. Through the use of the topics database, TC and program committee (PC) members can accomplish relevant tasks such as: to identify topic experts (for Aerospace America articles or external contacts), to determine the interest of its members, to identify overlapping topics between diverse TCs and PCs, to guide new member drives and to reveal emerging topics. This paper will describe the origins, inception, initial development, field test and current version of the tool as well as elucidate the benefits and insights gained by using the database to aid the management of various TC functions. Suggestions will be provided to guide future development of the database for the purpose of providing dynamics and system level benefits to AIAA that currently do not exist in any technical organization.

  2. 17 CFR 41.25 - Additional conditions for trading for security futures products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...security futures products must include the...security futures product based on a single...security futures products. (1) The final...security futures product must fairly reflect...security futures product. (c) Special...security futures products settled by...

  3. Include folders ! Classic black

    E-print Network

    Include folders ! Classic black folders. Perfect to display photos, present photos as a gift indicate your package selection(s) below. Send check/money order (outside the US International Money Order% Money Back Guarantee on Photographs How To Order: Sales Tax: Photos mailed to MA 6.25%, to CT 6

  4. Follow Futures: @NatureFutures

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    , when little Alexis, his Interactive Learning dinosaur Petey in hand, came up and hugged her knees. "I dinosaur adoringly. "My future self sent the information to his Internet connection to ensure I would have

  5. Including Your Child

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This publication, recently released by the US Department of Education, deal with special needs children and their parents. Including Your Child is a booklet for parents that deals with the first eight years of life for children with special needs. Its eight brief sections discuss the importance of the family, help and support systems, expectations, how to plan to meet expectations, inclusion, and outreach. It also contains a developmental progress chart and several sections of resource information.

  6. Through the '80s: thinking globally, acting locally. [Combined Canadian Futures Society and Third General Assembly of World Future Society

    SciTech Connect

    Feather, F. (ed.)

    1980-01-01

    This volume was prepared in conjunction with the First Global Conference on the Future, held in Toronto, Canada, July 20-24, 1980. The conference combined the Third General Assembly of the World Future Society and the fifth annual conference of the Canadian Futures Society. The 59 papers presented here were selected from the very large number submitted to the conference committee; space limitations permitted only a small number of papers to be published in this volume. Included also are: the foreword, Mystery of the Future, by Edward R. Schreyer, Governor General of Canada; preface, A Time for Action, by Maurice F. Strong; introduction, Transition to Harmonic Globalism, by Frank Feather; conclusion, What We Must Do: An Agenda for Futurists; and postscript, The Challenge of the '80s, by Aurelio Peccei. The papers were presented under the following topics: The Trauma of Change (4); A Global Perspective (7); Inventorying Our Resources (7); The International Context (8); Economics: Getting Down to Business (9); Human Values: Personal, Social, Religious (6); Communications: Connecting Ourselves Together (4); Education: Learning to Meet Tomorrow (4); Health: New Approaches to Staying Fit (3); Futurism as a Way of Life (5); and Dreams into Action: Methods and Real-Life Experience (2).

  7. Hot topics from the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect

    Glenzinski, D.; /Fermilab

    2008-01-01

    The Tevatron Run-II began in March 2001. To date, both the CDF and D0 experiments have collected 1 fb{sup -1} of data each. The results obtained from this data set were summarized at this conference in 39 parallel session presentations covering a wide range of topics. The author summarizes the most important of those results here and comments on some of the prospects for the future.

  8. Framtidens lantbruk / Future Agriculture Future Agriculture

    E-print Network

    Framtidens lantbruk / Future Agriculture Future Agriculture ­ Livestock, Crops and Land Use Report from a multidisciplinary research platform. Phase I (2009 ­ 2012) #12;Future Agriculture ­ Livestock Waldenström Utgivningsår: 2012, Uppsala Utgivare: SLU, Framtidens lantbruk/Future Agriculture Layout: Pelle

  9. Technologies of the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipson, Joseph I.; Fisher, Kathleen M.

    1985-01-01

    In the future, the requirements of industry will generate a wide range of hardware devices and software programs that will significantly alter and improve the quality of education. The driving forces behind the development of new technological devices include economics; emotional factors, e.g., the desire to develop aids for the handicapped;…

  10. Future plans at COMPASS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Pretz

    2010-01-01

    After successfully running since several years with polarized muon and hadron beams to study the spin structure of the nucleon and spectroscopy of hadrons, the COMPASS (Common Muon and Proton Apparatus for Structure and Spectroscopy) experiment enters a second phase with a new extended physics program to obtain deeper insight in the partonic structure of matter. These future plans include

  11. Reading Tea Leaves: How Humans Interpret Topic Models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Chang; Jordan Boyd-Graber; Sean Gerrish; Chong Wang; David M. Blei

    Probabilistic topic models are a popular tool for the unsupervised analysis of text, providing both a predictive model of future text and a latent topic representation of the corpus. Practitioners typically assume that the latent space is semantically meaningful. It is used to check models, summarize the corpus, and guide explo- ration of its contents. However, whether the latent space

  12. EFF HOT Topics. Volume 1, Number 1, Spring 2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Institute for Literacy, 2001

    2001-01-01

    HOT Topics is a new quarterly publication from the Equipped for the Future (EFF) National Center. HOT stands for Highlights On Teaching, and this publication is committed to providing teachers and tutors with tools and ideas for teaching using the EFF Framework and Standards. This first issue of HOT Topics focuses on strategies that use the EFF…

  13. Future Fab: International

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-01-01

    Future Fab International offers a large selection of articles and white papers related to the semiconductor industry. With contributors from hundreds of companies and an editorial board comprised of IBM, Intel, and Texas Instruments representatives, it is a well respected publication. The last six volumes are currently online, with about 280 white papers listed. Articles deal with many aspects of fabrication, including wafer processing and contamination control. Major press releases are also given on the site. Future Fab is an annual publication, according to the Web site, but it appears to be released twice per year.

  14. Thin films: Past, present, future

    SciTech Connect

    Zweibel, K.

    1995-04-01

    This report describes the characteristics of the thin film photovoltaic modules necessary for an acceptable rate of return for rural areas and underdeveloped countries. The topics of the paper include a development of goals of cost and performance for an acceptable PV system, a review of current technologies for meeting these goals, issues and opportunities in thin film technologies.

  15. Evaluative Conditioning: Recent Developments and Future Directions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gast, Anne; Gawronski, Bertram; De Houwer, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Evaluative conditioning (EC) is generally considered to be one of the routes via which likes and dislikes are acquired. We identify recent trends in EC research and speculate about the topics that will dominate future research on EC. Many of the recent developments in EC research were shaped by functional definitions of EC that refer only to…

  16. People, Law, and the Futures Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franks, Betty Barclay; Howard, Mary Kay

    The technology being developed today will create an extensive array of new legal problems for the citizens of the future. This booklet outlines a study unit designed to introduce today's students to these problems and to the factors that will have to be considered in their solution. The course is organized around five topics: the changing nature…

  17. Summary and outlook on the future

    SciTech Connect

    Prescott, C.Y.

    1987-09-01

    Highlights of the Physics in Collision Conference are reviewed. Selected topics briefly discussed in the framework of the Standard Model are: supersymmetry, the Higgs particles, heavy quarks and leptons, and compositeness in quarks and leptons. The direction of future colliders is also discussed. 8 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab. (LSP)

  18. Results from Symposium on Future Orbital Power Systems Technology Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gorland, S.

    1979-01-01

    Technology deficiencies, adequacy of current programs, and recommendations for reducing the testing and risks involved in future orbital energy systems made at the NASA Symposium are summarized. Photovoltaic space power system problems, including structural dynamics and attitude control problems due to solar array flexing; solar cell radiation resistance, manufacturing capability, and cost reduction; solar arrays including inflatable arrays, spectrum selection to increase efficiency, and polymer coatings for cells; battery technology; the endurance data base for fuel cell and electrolysis technology, and power management were discussed. Other topics considered were laser/microwave power transmission, thermal management, nuclear power systems, and environmental interactions. It was concluded that a 'front end' system study is needed in each area and current programs for multi-hundred-kW power systems are underscoped.

  19. Topical liposome drugs to come: what the patent literature tells us. A review.

    PubMed

    Korting, H C; Blecher, P; Schäfer-Korting, M; Wendel, A

    1991-12-01

    Drug-containing liposomes for topical use in dermatology have been devised during the last 10 years. Most recently the clinical superiority to a conventional gel of a topical glucocorticosteroid liposome preparation for eczema has been demonstrated. To get more insight from what may be expected from future liposome preparations for topical treatment, the pertinent patent literature has been reviewed. PMID:1810984

  20. The efficiency of the U.S. cotton futures market (1986-2006): normal backwardation, co-integration, and asset pricing 

    E-print Network

    Chavez, Marissa Joyce

    2009-06-02

    The efficiency of commodity futures markets is a widely debated topic in academia. The cotton futures market is no exception. The existence of trends in the futures market is characterized as a price bias, which is a ...

  1. Secondary Voc Ed: Preparing the Future Workforce.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dignan, Richard

    1987-01-01

    The author discusses the current state of secondary vocational education in Wisconsin, where each public secondary school is required to offer vocational education. Topics covered include (1) goals and expectations, (2) curriculum development, and (3) educational equity. (CH)

  2. Ganciclovir ophthalmic gel 0.15% for the treatment of acute herpetic keratitis: background, effectiveness, tolerability, safety, and future applications

    PubMed Central

    Chou, Timothy Y; Hong, Bennett Y

    2014-01-01

    Eye disease due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a leading cause of ocular morbidity and the number one infectious cause of unilateral corneal blindness in the developed parts of the globe. Recurrent keratitis can result in progressive corneal scarring, thinning, and vascularization. Antiviral agents employed against HSV have primarily been nucleoside analogs. Early generation drugs included idoxuridine, iododesoxycytidine, vidarabine, and trifluridine. While effective, they tended to have low bioavailability and measurable local cellular toxicity due to their nonselective mode of action. Acyclovir 0.3% ointment is a more selective agent, and had become a first-line topical drug for acute HSV keratitis in Europe and other places outside of the US. Ganciclovir 0.15% gel is the most recently approved topical treatment for herpes keratitis. Compared to acyclovir 0.3% ointment, ganciclovir 0.15% gel has been shown to be better tolerated and no less effective in several Phase II and III trials. Additionally, topical ganciclovir does not cause adverse systemic side effects and is therapeutic at lower concentrations. Based on safety, efficacy, and tolerability, ganciclovir 0.15% gel should now be considered a front-line topical drug in the treatment of dendritic herpes simplex epithelial keratitis. Topics of future investigation regarding other potential uses for ganciclovir gel may include the prophylaxis of recurrent HSV epithelial keratitis, treatment of other forms of ocular disease caused by herpesviruses and adenovirus, and ganciclovir gel as an adjunct to antitumor therapy. PMID:25187721

  3. Advanced control technology and its potential for future transport aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    The topics covered include fly by wire, digital control, control configured vehicles, applications to advanced flight vehicles, advanced propulsion control systems, and active control technology for transport aircraft.

  4. Theme: Future Programs of Agricultural Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jasper S.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    This issue, focusing on future programs of agricultural education, includes articles on the future of agriculture, bioelectronics, secondary programs, technical education in agriculture, young and adult farmer programs, instructional technology, and expanding opportunities for women. (CT)

  5. Digital Telematics: Present and Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stalberg, Christian E.

    1987-01-01

    This overview of developments in international telecommunications networks focuses on their importance for developing countries and the necessary interdependence of all countries. Highlights include digital technology, telephone service, packet switching networks, communications satellites, fiber optic cables, and possible future developments.…

  6. Computerworld Home > Browse Topics > Government > Story

    E-print Network

    Simonson, Shai

    Site Mgmt xSP More topics... Departments QuickStudies SharkTank FutureWatch Careers Opinions-of-service attacks against the Domain Name Servers (DNS) that control Internet traffic. Brenton Greene, deputy on the Internet, any degradation in service -- or outright attack -- is seen as a potential economic problem

  7. Additional EIPC Study Analysis: Interim Report on High Priority Topics

    SciTech Connect

    Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL

    2013-11-01

    Between 2010 and 2012 the Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) conducted a major long-term resource and transmission study of the Eastern Interconnection (EI). With guidance from a Stakeholder Steering Committee (SSC) that included representatives from the Eastern Interconnection States Planning Council (EISPC) among others, the project was conducted in two phases. Phase 1 involved a long-term capacity expansion analysis that involved creation of eight major futures plus 72 sensitivities. Three scenarios were selected for more extensive transmission- focused evaluation in Phase 2. Five power flow analyses, nine production cost model runs (including six sensitivities), and three capital cost estimations were developed during this second phase. The results from Phase 1 and 2 provided a wealth of data that could be examined further to address energy-related questions. A list of 13 topics was developed for further analysis; this paper discusses the first five.

  8. Topics in Basic Maser Theory

    E-print Network

    Moshe Elitzur

    2001-05-11

    This review covers some of the developments in basic theory of astronomical masers over the past ten years. Topics included are the effects of three dimensional geometry and polarization, with special emphasis on the differences between maser and non-maser radiation.

  9. Biotechnology Topics in the Biology Curriculum

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Patrick Guilfoile (Bemidji State University, MN; )

    2002-08-01

    The resource suggests that educators should view biotechnology as an essential topic in the biology classroom. Suggestions are provided for determining what content to include, teaching concepts through active learning exercises, and promoting discussion of biotechnology controversies.

  10. Phototriggerable Liposomes: Current Research and Future Perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Puri, Anu

    2013-01-01

    The field of cancer nanomedicine is considered a promising area for improved delivery of bioactive molecules including drugs, pharmaceutical agents and nucleic acids. Among these, drug delivery technology has made discernible progress in recent years and the areas that warrant further focus and consideration towards technological developments have also been recognized. Development of viable methods for on-demand spatial and temporal release of entrapped drugs from the nanocarriers is an arena that is likely to enhance the clinical suitability of drug-loaded nanocarriers. One such approach, which utilizes light as the external stimulus to disrupt and/or destabilize drug-loaded nanoparticles, will be the discussion platform of this article. Although several phototriggerable nanocarriers are currently under development, I will limit this review to the phototriggerable liposomes that have demonstrated promise in the cell culture systems at least (but not the last). The topics covered in this review include (i) a brief summary of various phototriggerable nanocarriers; (ii) an overview of the application of liposomes to deliver payload of photosensitizers and associated technologies; (iii) the design considerations of photoactivable lipid molecules and the chemical considerations and mechanisms of phototriggering of liposomal lipids; (iv) limitations and future directions for in vivo, clinically viable triggered drug delivery approaches and potential novel photoactivation strategies will be discussed. PMID:24662363

  11. Resources for the Future (RFF)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Resources for the Future.

    Based in Washington DC, Resources for the Future (RFF) is an independent, nonprofit organization devoted to the economic aspects of environmental issues. RFF scholars examine topics such as government regulation, risk, biodiversity, climate, Superfund policy, technology, and outer space in a variety of freely available discussion papers, articles, project summaries, and reports [.pdf]. An archive of the RFF quarterly publication Resource dating back to 1995 [.pdf] is also available in addition to an on-site glossary and list of up-coming seminars.

  12. Computation and Information Hierarchy for a Future Grid

    E-print Network

    , challenges and opportunities of having cloud computing architecture for the scalable, consistent, and secure a set of research topics on the computation and information hierarchy for a future grid: 1. Cloud architecture for future grid: Cloud computing offers a scalable and unified platform to meet computation

  13. Future integrated design process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyer, D. D.

    1980-01-01

    The design process is one of the sources used to produce requirements for a computer system to integrate and manage product design data, program management information, and technical computation and engineering data management activities of the aerospace design process. Design activities were grouped chronologically and explored for activity type, activity interface, data quantity, and data flow. The work was based on analysis of the design process of several typical aerospace products, including both conventional and supersonic airplanes and a hydrofoil design. Activities examined included research, preliminary design, detail design, manufacturing interface, product verification, and product support. The design process was then described in an IPAD environment--the future.

  14. Future prospects

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This book chapter is an epilogue to a book on sunflower genomics. The book includes chapters covering basic information about the sunflower plant, classical genetics and traditional breeding, genetic diversity, genetic mapping, regulation of seed oil content, breeding with the use of DNA markers, ge...

  15. Additional Topics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Cem Kaner

    2011-06-01

    This subset of the Black Box Software Testing collection includes resources to teach quality cost analysis, combination testing, regression testing, GUI regression automation, high volume test automation, requirements analysis, test documentation, test scripts, and scripted testing and inattentional blindness. Resources include lecture videos, slides, activities, and suggested readings.

  16. Comparative Cognition: Past, Present, and Future

    PubMed Central

    Beran, Michael J.; Parrish, Audrey E.; Perdue, Bonnie M.; Washburn, David A.

    2014-01-01

    Comparative cognition is the field of inquiry concerned with understanding the cognitive abilities and mechanisms that are evident in nonhuman species. Assessments of animal cognition have a long history, but in recent years there has been an explosion of new research topics, and a general broadening of the phylogenetic map of animal cognition. To review the past of comparative cognition, we describe the historical trends. In regards to the present state, we examine current “hot topics” in comparative cognition. Finally, we offer our unique and combined thoughts on the future of the field. PMID:25419047

  17. The present state and the future direction of eddy viscosity models

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilcox, David C.

    1992-01-01

    Information is given in viewgraph form on the present state and future direction of eddy viscosity models. Topics covered include the eddy viscosity dilemma, two-equation models, equations of motion, free shear flows, incompressible free shear flows, model-predicted boundary layer structure, defect layer analysis, the effects of pressure gradients, viscous sublayer structure, wall functions and viscous damping, viscous damping for kappa-omega, the effects of compressibility, perturbation analysis of the wall layer, an alternative compressibility term, unsteady boundary layers, incompressible separation, backstep results, and compressible separation.

  18. Problem-Based Learning Research in Anesthesia Teaching: Current Status and Future Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Chilkoti, G.; Mohta, M.; Wadhwa, R.; Saxena, A. K.

    2014-01-01

    The teaching curriculum in anesthesia involves traditional teaching methods like topic-based didactic lectures, seminars, and journal clubs; intraoperative apprenticeship; and problem-based learning (PBL) and simulation. The advantages of incorporating PBL in anesthesia teaching include development of skills like clinical reasoning, critical thinking, and self-directed learning; in addition it also helps in developing a broader perspective of case scenarios. The present paper discusses the characteristics, key elements, and goals of PBL; various PBL methods available; lacunae in the existing knowledge of PBL research; its current status and future perspectives in anesthesia teaching. PMID:24982673

  19. Future Climate Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    C. G. Cambell

    2004-09-03

    This report documents an analysis that was performed to estimate climatic variables for the next 10,000 years by forecasting the timing and nature of climate change at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, the site of a repository for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The future-climate estimates are based on an analysis of past-climate data from analog meteorological stations, and this report provides the rationale for the selection of these analog stations. The stations selected provide an upper and a lower climate bound for each future climate, and the data from those sites will provide input to the following reports: ''Simulation of Net Infiltration for Present-Day and Potential Future Climates'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170007]), ''Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Model/Analysis for the License Application'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168504]), ''Features, Events, and Processes in UZ Flow and Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170012]), and ''Features, Events, and Processes in SZ Flow and Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170013]). Forecasting long-term future climates, especially for the next 10,000 years, is highly speculative and rarely attempted. A very limited literature exists concerning the subject, largely from the British radioactive waste disposal effort. The discussion presented here is one available forecasting method for establishing upper and lower bounds for future climate estimates. The selection of different methods is directly dependent on the available evidence used to build a forecasting argument. The method used here involves selecting a particular past climate from many past climates, as an analog for future climate. While alternative analyses are possible for the case presented for Yucca Mountain, the evidence (data) used would be the same and the conclusions would not be expected to drastically change. Other studies might develop a different rationale or select other past climates resulting in a different future climate analog. Other alternative approaches could include simulation of climate over the 10,000-year period; however, this modeling extrapolation is well beyond the bounds of current scientific practice and would not provide results with better confidence. A corroborative alternative approach may be found in ''Future Climate Analysis-10,000 Years to 1,000,000 Years After Present'' (Sharpe 2003 [DIRS 161591]). The current revision of this report is prepared in accordance with ''Technical Work Plan for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654]).

  20. 24 CFR 242.64 - Current and future property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Current and future property. 242.64 Section 242...Reporting, and Financial Requirements § 242.64 Current and future property. All current or future property (including personalty)...

  1. 24 CFR 242.64 - Current and future property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Current and future property. 242.64 Section 242...Reporting, and Financial Requirements § 242.64 Current and future property. All current or future property (including personalty)...

  2. Follow Futures: @NatureFutures

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    it come to this?" Josh asked. "How did we get left so far behind?" She looked at his hair. At least attempting to get messages into the system, to try to convince the AI agents to include everyone else million. Boggles the mind." "It was supposed to save us time." "It did that." They both laughed. "How did

  3. The future of VLBI

    E-print Network

    van Langevelde, Huib Jan

    2013-01-01

    Almost two decades after the establishment of the Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe (JIVE), the European VLBI Network is a thriving scientific infrastructure with a significant user community and a healthy proposal pressure. It offers opportunities to address a breadth of important scientific topics, which feature in national and European astronomy roadmaps. Most of these science themes call for further enhancements of the sensitivity and image quality delivered by VLBI networks. The exceptional progress of e-VLBI over the last five years demonstrates how sensitive VLBI should be done in the future. At the same time JIVE is pushing the technology for large capacity correlators that can connect VLBI networks with many elements in real-time. Indeed, many new initiatives to build or outfit telescopes for VLBI are emerging from around the world. The technological VLBI developments have a great synergy with the SKA preparations. This is recognized in the SKA pathfinder role that e-VLBI has in the European VLBI Ne...

  4. Topical Resiquimod Protects against Visceral Infection with Leishmania infantum chagasi in Mice

    PubMed Central

    Craft, Noah; Birnbaum, Ron; Quanquin, Natalie; Erfe, Marie Crisel B.; Quant, Cara; Haskell, Jacquelyn

    2014-01-01

    New prevention and treatment strategies are needed for visceral leishmaniasis, particularly ones that can be deployed simply and inexpensively in areas where leishmaniasis is endemic. Synthetic molecules that activate Toll-like receptor 7 and 8 (TLR7/8) pathways have previously been demonstrated to enhance protection against cutaneous leishmaniasis. We initially sought to determine whether the TLR7/8-activating molecule resiquimod might serve as an effective vaccine adjuvant targeting visceral leishmaniasis caused by infection with Leishmania infantum chagasi. Resiquimod was topically applied to the skin of mice either prior to or after systemic infection with L. infantum chagasi, and parasite burdens were assessed. Surprisingly, topical resiquimod application alone, in the absence of vaccination, conferred robust resistance to mice against future intravenous challenge with virulent L. infantum chagasi. This protection against L. infantum chagasi infection persisted as long as 8 weeks after the final topical resiquimod treatment. In addition, in mice with existing infections, therapeutic treatment with topical resiquimod led to significantly lower visceral parasite loads. Resiquimod increased trafficking of leukocytes, including B cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, and granulocytes, in livers and spleens, which are the key target organs of visceralizing infection. We conclude that topical resiquimod leads to systemic immune modulation and confers durable protection against visceralizing L. infantum chagasi infection, in both prophylactic and therapeutic settings. These studies support continued studies of TLR-modulating agents to determine mechanisms of protection and also provide a rationale for translational development of a critically needed, novel class of topical, preventative, and therapeutic agents for these lethal infections. PMID:25030052

  5. The Challenge of Teaching Futures Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JORDI SERRA DEL PINO

    1998-01-01

    When teaching futures studies, there is a tendency to focus on methodologies because they are more in demand. This article argues that futures studies teaching should also cover the conceptual and theoretical questions (including such philosophical issues as the nature of time and its unfolding). Thus, the three elements of teaching futures studies, in order, are concepts, theories, and methods.

  6. Evidence for Future Cognition in Animals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, William A.

    2012-01-01

    Evidence concerning the possibility of mental time travel into the future by animals was reviewed. Both experimental laboratory studies and field observations were considered. Paradigms for the study of future anticipation and planning included inhibition of consumption of current food contingent on future receipt of either a larger quantity or…

  7. Future of PACS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirchdoerfer, Richard G.

    1997-05-01

    This paper attempts to forecast tow to five years to understand the future PACS environment and is the result of reviews of literature and interviews with nearly thirty organization sand individuals representing the PACS community. Two to five years was set as a realistic limit to projections although thoughts for the future of digital medical imaging beyond five years are included. The variance in projections even in the short term is significant and any projection beyond five years will be even more uncertain. The organizations that contributed to the interviews include academic centers, the federal government, consultants and vendors of PACS technology. The vendor products span the industry to include capture of images at the modality level, image management and distribution systems, services, and speech recognition. This paper will place the changes that will occur in PACS within the context of the larger changes that are occurring in health care, the practice of image acquisition and interpretation, and information systems. Selected technologies that will influence PACS are reviewed in more depth with a view towards the affect that they will have on PACS and the interpretation of images.

  8. Future Aspects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pilato, Louis

    There are some disturbing signs that appear on the horizon as phenolic resins enter their second century of existence. The large area of wood adhesives application (~60% of the total volume of phenolic resins in North America) is under intense pressure due to many factors that are contributing to continuing reduction in the sales volume of wood adhesives. These factors include the known slow cure speed of phenolic resins compared to Urea Formaldehyde (UF), Melamine Formaldehyde (MF), or Methylene Diphenyl Isocyanate (MDI); installation of new machinery/ equipment with fast continuous lines; continued decrease in plywood consumption at the expense of Oriented Strand Board (OSB) where phenolic resin is the preferred adhesive for plywood; further reduction in formaldehyde emissions through California Air Resources Board (CARB) Phase I and Phase II; uncertainty of whether formaldehyde will be identified as a human carcinogen pending the anticipated 2009 study; and the environmental movement to reduce or eliminate formaldehyde-containing resins in wood and thermal insulation consumer products (U.S. Green Building Council and other Environmental groups like the Sierra Club). Consumers are being urged by environmental organizations to purchase composite wood products with lower formaldehyde emission levels or none at all. This is illustrated by examining the news media reports after the Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The home trailers provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) that were used for Louisiana and Mississippi residents after Katrina hurricane as temporary housing further accelerated concerns over formaldehyde emissions since higher than typical indoor exposure levels of formaldehyde in travel trailers and mobile homes were determined for the FEMA trailers.

  9. EDITORIAL: The present and future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durand, Dominique M.

    2006-09-01

    Neural engineering has grown substantially in the last few years and it is time to review the progress of the first journal in this field. Journal of Neural Engineering (JNE) is a quarterly publication that started in 2004. The journal is now in its third volume and eleven issues, consisting of 114 articles in total, have been published since its launch. The editorial processing times have been kept to a minimum, the receipt to first decision time is 41 days, on average, and the time from receipt to publication has been maintained below three months. It is also worth noting that it is free to publish in Journal of Neural Engineering—there are no author fees—and once published the articles are free online for the first month. The journal has been listed in Pubmed® since 2005 and has been accepted by ISI® in 2006. Who is reading Journal of Neural Engineering? The number of readers of JNE has increased significantly from 8050 full-text downloads in 2004 to 14 900 in 2005 and the first seven months of 2006 have already seen 12 800 downloads. The top users in 2005 were the Microsoft Corporation, Stanford University and the University of Michigan. The list of top ten users also includes non-US institutions: University of Toronto, University of Tokyo, Hong Kong Polytechnic, National Library of China and University College London, reflecting the international flavor of the journal. What are the hot topics in neural engineering? Based on the number of downloads and citations for 2004-2005, the top three topics are: (1) Brain-computer interfaces (2) Visual prostheses (3) Neural modelling Several other topics such as microelectrode arrays, neural signal processing, neural dynamics and neural circuit engineering are also in the top ten. Where are Journal of Neural Engineering articles cited? JNE articles have reached a wide audience and have been cited in of some of the best journals in physiology and neuroscience such as Nature Neuroscience, Journal of Neuroscience, Trends in Neuroscience, Journal of Physiology, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science as well as in engineering and physics journals such as Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Physical Review Letters and IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. However, the number of citations in clinical journals is limited. What is special about Journal of Neural Engineering? JNE has published two special issues: (1) The Eye and the Chip (visual prostheses) (vol. 2, (1), 2005) and (2) Sensory Integration: Role of Internal Models (vol. 2, (3), 2005). These special issues have attracted a lot of attention based on the number of article downloads. JNE also publishes tutorials intended to provide background information on specific topics such as classification, sensory substitution and cortical neural prosthetics. A series of tutorials from the 3rd Neuro-IT and Neuroengineering Summer School has been published with the first appearing in vol. 2 (4), 2005. What is in the future for Journal of Neural Engineering? The goal of any journal should be to provide a particular field with the best venue for scientists and engineers to make their work available and noticeable to the rest of the community. In particular, attracting a strong readership base and high quality manuscripts should be the first priority. Providing accurate, reliable and speedy reviews should be the next. With an international board of experts in the field of neural engineering, a solid base of reviewers, readers and contributors, JNE is in a strong position to continue to serve the neural engineering community. However, this is still a small community and growth is essential for continued success in this area. There are two areas of expansion of great interest for the field of neural engineering currently poised between basic science on one hand and clinical implementation on the other: translational neuroscience and therapeutic neural engineering. We should strive to bridge the gap between basic neuroscience, clinical science and engineering by attracting contributions from neuroscientists and clinicians w

  10. Tomorrow is Today: A Plan for Implementing the Study of the Future in the English Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, David

    This course, designed to help students explore serious thoughts about the future of society, is intended for an English literature class at the advanced secondary level. The course consists of nine interrelated modules that deal with the following topics: current predictions about the future, with special attention to the film "Future Shock";…

  11. Facing the Future (TM)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Facing the Future(TM) provides educational materials and professional development opportunities for educators that address environmental issues such as population growth, poverty and equity, consumption trends, peace and conflict, health, climate change, and sustainability. These materials include textbooks for students, service learning and action projects, and curriculum units with activities and lesson plans that meet educational standards. The organization's web site provides information on downloading and/or purchasing these materials, information on a featured curriculum unit, news and event announcements, and information on professional development opportunities for in-service and pre-service educators.

  12. NASA Lewis Research Center Futuring Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boroush, Mark; Stover, John; Thomas, Charles

    1987-01-01

    On October 21 and 22, 1986, the Futures Group ran a two-day Futuring Workshop on the premises of NASA Lewis Research Center. The workshop had four main goals: to acquaint participants with the general history of technology forecasting; to familiarize participants with the range of forecasting methodologies; to acquaint participants with the range of applicability, strengths, and limitations of each method; and to offer participants some hands-on experience by working through both judgmental and quantitative case studies. Among the topics addressed during this workshop were: information sources; judgmental techniques; quantitative techniques; merger of judgment with quantitative measurement; data collection methods; and dealing with uncertainty.

  13. Research Futures Academic Leadership and Development

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    opportunities offered via Research Futures include: Scottish Crucible ­ A prestigious leadership and development Leadership & Development for the academic community - including Heriot-Watt Crucible and Heriot-Watt EngageResearch Futures Academic Leadership and Development Centre for Academic Leadership & Development

  14. Mining nonterrestrial resources: Information needs and research topics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daemen, Jaak J. K.

    An outline of topics we need to understand better in order to apply mining technology to a nonterrestrial environment is presented. The proposed list is not intended to be complete. It aims to identify representative topics that suggest productive research. Such research will reduce the uncertainties associated with extrapolating from conventional earthbound practice to nonterrestrial applications. One objective is to propose projects that should put future discussions of nonterrestrial mining on a firmer, less speculative basis.

  15. Topical use of antithrombotics: review of literature.

    PubMed

    Ng, Leanne; Monagle, Kate; Monagle, Paul; Newall, Fiona; Ignjatovic, Vera

    2015-04-01

    While antithrombotics are usually administered intravenously, subcutaneously or orally, there are a number of publications reporting topical application of anticoagulation therapy. This paper aims to review the available literature regarding clinical conditions, the details of the topical antithrombotic treatment, as well as positive or adverse effects in an attempt to ascertain the safety and efficacy of this form of treatment. Published literature was searched to identify publications reporting the use of antithrombotic treatments administered via topical application between 1st January 1990 and 1st January 2013. There were 43 studies reported in 10 different clinical conditions. Majority of the studies were randomized controlled trials (51.2%), prospective studies (18.6%) or case reports (11.6%). The clinical conditions in which topical antithrombotics were administered included: microangiopathy, acute haemorrhoids, periodontitis, dermatitis, burns, ocular conditions and surgery, blunt force impact, scars, as well as clinical conditions associated with superficial venous thrombosis (SVT). The most commonly used topical antithrombotic was heparin (79.1% of studies). The respective dosage of different antithrombotics varied depending on specific clinical conditions. While most studies reported mean improvements or resolution of symptoms/condition in patients, the patient outcomes were variable. This review demonstrates that topical antithrombotic treatment is used according to a wide variety of protocols, with a subsequent variability in patient outcomes. Specific guidelines for the use of topical antithrombotics should be developed to standardize this form of treatment and ensure the best possible outcomes for patients. PMID:25704903

  16. Creating the Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This activity lets students create and write scenarios for the future related to hazardous waste pollution and its cleanup in the United States. Students describe their scenarios using one of a variety of formats; for example, a newspaper opinion/editorial article, a short story, a play, or a poem. Students will illustrate the facts that many familiar products contain hazardous substances; that hazardous substance is a broad term that includes many chemicals and materials, including poisonous or toxic chemicals; that improper use and disposal of these products can result in the production of hazardous waste that can pollute our environment; and that becoming more aware of the hazardous substances we encounter every day and of the types of hazardous waste they produce, is the first step in learning how to properly handle and dispose of them, thereby protecting ourselves and our environment.

  17. Using NASA Space Imaging Technology to Teach Earth and Sun Topics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Verner, E.; Bruhweiler, F. C.; Long, T.

    2011-12-01

    We teach an experimental college-level course, directed toward elementary education majors, emphasizing "hands-on" activities that can be easily applied to the elementary classroom. This course, Physics 240: "The Sun-Earth Connection" includes various ways to study selected topics in physics, earth science, and basic astronomy. Our lesson plans and EPO materials make extensive use of NASA imagery and cover topics about magnetism, the solar photospheric, chromospheric, coronal spectra, as well as earth science and climate. In addition we are developing and will cover topics on ecosystem structure, biomass and water on Earth. We strive to free the non-science undergraduate from the "fear of science" and replace it with the excitement of science such that these future teachers will carry this excitement to their future students. Hands-on experiments, computer simulations, analysis of real NASA data, and vigorous seminar discussions are blended in an inquiry-driven curriculum to instill confident understanding of basic physical science and modern, effective methods for teaching it. The course also demonstrates ways how scientific thinking and hands-on activities could be implemented in the classroom. We have designed this course to provide the non-science student a confident basic understanding of physical science and modern, effective methods for teaching it. Most of topics were selected using National Science Standards and National Mathematics Standards that are addressed in grades K-8. The course focuses on helping education majors: 1) Build knowledge of scientific concepts and processes; 2) Understand the measurable attributes of objects and the units and methods of measurements; 3) Conduct data analysis (collecting, organizing, presenting scientific data, and to predict the result); 4) Use hands-on approaches to teach science; 5) Be familiar with Internet science teaching resources. Here we share our experiences and challenges we face while teaching this course.

  18. Pathology waste includes: Transgenic animals.

    E-print Network

    George, Steven C.

    Pathology waste includes: · Transgenic animals. · Potentially transgenic animals including, "no of as a hazardous chemical waste. The tissues or carcasses can then be disposed of as pathology waste. Labeling Requirements For Pathology Waste: · All pathology waste must be placed in a red bag and labeled with the words

  19. Optimizing header file include directives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diomidis Spinellis

    2009-01-01

    SUMMARY A number of widely used programming languages use lexically included files as a way to share and encapsulate declarations, definitions, code, and data. As t he code evolves files included in a compilation unit are often no longer required, yet locating and removing them is a haphazard operation, which is therefore neglected. The difficulty of reasoning about incl uded

  20. FutureGen Project Report

    SciTech Connect

    Cabe, Jim; Elliott, Mike

    2010-09-30

    This report summarizes the comprehensive siting, permitting, engineering, design, and costing activities completed by the FutureGen Industrial Alliance, the Department of Energy, and associated supporting subcontractors to develop a first of a kind near zero emissions integrated gasification combined cycle power plant and carbon capture and storage project (IGCC-CCS). With the goal to design, build, and reliably operate the first IGCC-CCS facility, FutureGen would have been the lowest emitting pulverized coal power plant in the world, while providing a timely and relevant basis for coal combustion power plants deploying carbon capture in the future. The content of this report summarizes key findings and results of applicable project evaluations; modeling, design, and engineering assessments; cost estimate reports; and schedule and risk mitigation from initiation of the FutureGen project through final flow sheet analyses including capital and operating reports completed under DOE award DE-FE0000587. This project report necessarily builds upon previously completed siting, design, and development work executed under DOE award DE-FC26- 06NT4207 which included the siting process; environmental permitting, compliance, and mitigation under the National Environmental Policy Act; and development of conceptual and design basis documentation for the FutureGen plant. For completeness, the report includes as attachments the siting and design basis documents, as well as the source documentation for the following: • Site evaluation and selection process and environmental characterization • Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permit Application including well design and subsurface modeling • FutureGen IGCC-CCS Design Basis Document • Process evaluations and technology selection via Illinois Clean Coal Review Board Technical Report • Process flow diagrams and heat/material balance for slurry-fed gasifier configuration • Process flow diagrams and heat/material balance for dry-fed gasifier configuration • Full capital cost report and cost category analysis (CAPEX) • Full operating cost report and assumptions (OPEX) Comparative technology evaluations, value engineering exercises, and initial air permitting activities are also provided; the report concludes with schedule, risk, and cost mitigation activities as well as lessons learned such that the products of this report can be used to support future investments in utility scale gasification and carbon capture and sequestration. Collectively, the FutureGen project enabled the comprehensive site specific evaluation and determination of the economic viability of IGCC-CCS. The project report is bound at that determination when DOE formally proposed the FutureGen 2.0 project which focuses on repowering a pulverized coal power plant with oxy-combustion technology including CCS.

  1. IP Internal Movement and Topicalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuo, Pei-Jung

    2009-01-01

    In this dissertation, I investigate the phenomenon of internal topicalization cross-linguistically, using Chinese as a starting point. Internal topicalization refers to constructions in which a topic phrase is placed between the subject and the verb (in contrast to external topicalization, which involves a topic in the CP domain). I argue that…

  2. SETI: A good introductory physics topic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hobson, Art

    1997-04-01

    If America is to achieve the science literacy that is essential to industrialized democracy, all students must study such topics as scientific methodology, pseudoscience, ozone depletion, and global warming. My large-enrollment liberal-arts physics course covers the great principles of physics along with several such philosophical and societal topics. It is easy to include the interdisciplinary context of physics in courses for non-scientists, because these courses are flexible, conceptual, and taught to students whose interests span a broad range. Students find these topics relevant and fascinating, leading to large enrollments by non-scientists even in courses labeled ''physics.'' I will discuss my approach to teaching the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence (SETI), a topic with lots of good physics and with connections to scientific methodology and pseudoscience. A textbook for this kind of course has been published, Physics: Concepts and Connections (Prentice-Hall, 1995).

  3. The Community of the Future. The Drucker Foundation Future Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hesselbein, Frances, Ed.; Goldsmith, Marshall, Ed.; Beckhard, Richard, Ed.; Schubert, Richard F., Ed.

    This book is a collection of 25 essays that explore what communities will look like in the future. They include: "Introduction: Civilizing the City" (Peter F. Drucker); (1) "The Paradox and Promise of Community" (Margaret J. Wheatley and Myron Kellner-Rogers); (2) "Economic Community and Social Investment" (Lester C. Thurow); (3) "The…

  4. The future of energy, environment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Iowa Public Television. Explore More Project

    2004-01-01

    The lasting effects of energy consumption on the environment continue to be a problem as the world's population requires more and more energy. This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to environmental issues related to the use and production of energy. Fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and clean air are discussed in the context of environmental quality. Students can read about the development of environmentally friendly vehicles and follow a link that describes current environmental problems in the hydropower industry. Links to eight PBS NewsHour articles on environmental issues and energy are also provided. Seven additional energy-related links discuss global warming, ethanol fuel use, biodiesel, and air quality, among others topics. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  5. Renewable Electricity Futures Study

    E-print Network

    Renewable Electricity Futures Study Exploration of High-Penetration Renewable Electricity Futures PDF Volume 4 PDF #12;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report) National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2012

  6. Designing real terrorism futures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin D. Hanson

    2006-01-01

    In July 2003, the Policy Analysis Market (PAM) was described as terrorism futures, and immediately cancelled. While PAM was not in fact designed to be terrorism futures, I here consider five design issues with implementing and using real terrorism futures: combinatorics, manipulation, moral hazard, hiding prices, and decision selection bias. As neither these nor other problems seem insurmountable, terrorism futures

  7. [Topical therapy of rosacea].

    PubMed

    Schöfer, H

    2013-07-01

    Metronidazole and azelaic acid are the only topical medications approved for rosacea. All other topical treatments for rosacea and its special forms are used off-label. Topical steroids are not indicated in rosacea, because of their side effects (induction of steroid rosacea, high risk of facial skin atrophy, and high risk of rebound after cessation of therapy). Topical as well as systemic steroids are allowed only as initial and short term therapy for acute forms of rosacea (e.g. rosacea fulminans). Papular and pustular rosacea is the major indication for topical therapy. Sebaceous gland and connective tissue hyperplasia in glandular-hypertrophic rosacea as well as erythema in erythematous rosacea do not respond well to topical measures. A new active substance, the alpha-2-adrenoreceptor agonist brimonidine, will be approved soon for the topical treatment of erythema in rosacea. All severe forms of rosacea should initially be treated with a combination of topical and systemic agents. After improvement of the clinical symptoms, topical treatment alone is usually adequate to maintain the control. PMID:23780475

  8. CSA Hot Topics Series

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Hot Topics series provides a free sampling of the resources in Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA) and the Internet Database Service (IDS). The 30 topics span subjects in the humanities, engineering, environmental policy, and medicine. Each Hot Topic gives an overview of the subject, key citations with abstracts, a list of Websites, a glossary, a comment form so that users can correspond with the editors, and a "source" section, which explains from which of CSA's paid services the resources were culled. The latest hot topic is MicroElectroMechanical systems (MEMS), "small integrated devices or systems that combine electrical and mechanical components."

  9. TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation

    E-print Network

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation April The Transportation Center has organized a special Aviation Symposium focusing on important aviation industry topics, the symposium will present current perspectives across the full spectrum of aviation. Topics covered

  10. Sponsorship includes: Agriculture in the

    E-print Network

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Sponsorship includes: · Agriculture in the Classroom · Douglas County Farm Bureau · Gifford Farm · University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center · University of Nebraska- Lincoln Awareness Coalition is to help youth, primarily from urban communities, become aware of agriculture

  11. Topical liquiritin improves melasma.

    PubMed

    Amer, M; Metwalli, M

    2000-04-01

    Twenty women with a clinical diagnosis of melasma were treated with liquiritin cream on one side of the face and with a vehicle cream on the other side twice daily for 4 weeks. Patients were advised to avoid sun exposure and/or used topical sunscreen during the entire period of treatment. Inclusion criteria included an age range from 18 to 40 years and bilateral and symmetrical idiopathic epidermal melasma. Exclusion criteria included patients with dermal melasma (differentiated by Wood's light), melasma with pregnancy, and patients currently receiving hormone replacement therapy. Melasma pigmentary intensity was rated on a five-point scale in relation to the patient's normal facial skin (1, no difference; 2, slightly more pigmented; 3, moderately more pigmented; 4, markedly more pigmented; and 5, intensely more pigmented). The size of the lesions was measured directly using a millimeter grid scale. Ratings and measurements were made prior to treatment and at each of the follow-up visits (after 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks). Clinical evaluation was performed at week 4; the overall response was rated as excellent, good, fair, or poor. Color photographs were taken at the start and at week 4 of the study. Side-effects were observed and treated. PMID:10809983

  12. The Future of the Universe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Don N.; McKee, M. Randall

    1983-01-01

    The future of the universe is discussed in terms of several models. These include the closed, open, and critical models of the universe. Black holes and speculation on what may happen to life in the cosmological models are also discussed. (JN)

  13. A hydrogen future for Denmark

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bent Sørensen; Finn Sørensen

    The components of the Danish hydrogen energy programme are presented, along with scenarios for the introduction and future use of hydrogen in the energy system. The Danish energy system is presently including about 12% power from wind, but the government's energy plan considers this to increase to near 50% by year 2030. As the wind power production during periods of

  14. Present Vision--Future Vision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitterman, L. Jeffrey

    This paper addresses issues of current and future technology use for and by individuals with visual impairments and blindness in Florida. Present technology applications used in vision programs in Florida are individually described, including video enlarging, speech output, large inkprint, braille print, paperless braille, and tactual output…

  15. The Future of Clinical Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slavkin, Harold C.

    1998-01-01

    Discussion of the future of clinical dentistry looks at a variety of influences, including historical development factors; demographic trends; the role of the Human Genome Project in the development of scientific knowledge; a paradigm shift in approaches to oral infection and systemic disease; advancing technology; and reforms resulting from these…

  16. Storage Technology: Present and Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Charles M.

    1984-01-01

    Reviews terminology inherent in discussing microcomputer storage technologies and addresses aspects of magnetic storage and present and near-future technologies, including floppy disks, Winchester and removable hard disks, optical digital disks, optical video disks, (audio) compact disks, perpendicular magnetic recording, and erasable optical…

  17. Planetary protection implementation on future Mars lander missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howell, Robert; Devincenzi, Donald L.

    1993-01-01

    A workshop was convened to discuss the subject of planetary protection implementation for Mars lander missions. It was sponsored and organized by the Exobiology Implementation Team of the U.S./Russian Joint Working Group on Space Biomedical and Life Support Systems. The objective of the workshop was to discuss planetary protection issues for the Russian Mars '94 mission, which is currently under development, as well as for additional future Mars lander missions including the planned Mars '96 and U.S. MESUR Pathfinder and Network missions. A series of invited presentations was made to ensure that workshop participants had access to information relevant to the planned discussions. The topics summarized in this report include exobiology science objectives for Mars exploration, current international policy on planetary protection, planetary protection requirements developed for earlier missions, mission plans and designs for future U.S. and Russian Mars landers, biological contamination of spacecraft components, and techniques for spacecraft bioload reduction. In addition, the recent recommendations of the U.S. Space Studies Board (SSB) on this subject were also summarized. Much of the discussion focused on the recommendations of the SSB. The SSB proposed relaxing the planetary protection requirements for those Mars lander missions that do not contain life detection experiments, but maintaining Viking-like requirements for those missions that do contain life detection experiments. The SSB recommendations were found to be acceptable as a guide for future missions, although many questions and concerns about interpretation were raised and are summarized. Significant among the concerns was the need for more quantitative guidelines to prevent misinterpretation by project offices and better access to and use of the Viking data base of bioassays to specify microbial burden targets. Among the questions raised were how will the SSB recommendations be integrated with existing Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) policy and how will they apply to and affect Mars '94, Mars '96, MESUR Pathfinder, and MESUR Network missions? One additional topic briefly considered at the workshop was the identification of some issues related to planetary protection considerations for Mars sample return missions. These issues will form the basis for a follow-on joint U.S./Russian workshop on that subject.

  18. Planetary protection implementation on future Mars lander missions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Howell, Robert; Devincenzi, Donald L.

    1993-06-01

    A workshop was convened to discuss the subject of planetary protection implementation for Mars lander missions. It was sponsored and organized by the Exobiology Implementation Team of the U.S./Russian Joint Working Group on Space Biomedical and Life Support Systems. The objective of the workshop was to discuss planetary protection issues for the Russian Mars '94 mission, which is currently under development, as well as for additional future Mars lander missions including the planned Mars '96 and U.S. MESUR Pathfinder and Network missions. A series of invited presentations was made to ensure that workshop participants had access to information relevant to the planned discussions. The topics summarized in this report include exobiology science objectives for Mars exploration, current international policy on planetary protection, planetary protection requirements developed for earlier missions, mission plans and designs for future U.S. and Russian Mars landers, biological contamination of spacecraft components, and techniques for spacecraft bioload reduction. In addition, the recent recommendations of the U.S. Space Studies Board (SSB) on this subject were also summarized. Much of the discussion focused on the recommendations of the SSB. The SSB proposed relaxing the planetary protection requirements for those Mars lander missions that do not contain life detection experiments, but maintaining Viking-like requirements for those missions that do contain life detection experiments. The SSB recommendations were found to be acceptable as a guide for future missions, although many questions and concerns about interpretation were raised and are summarized. Significant among the concerns was the need for more quantitative guidelines to prevent misinterpretation by project offices and better access to and use of the Viking data base of bio-assays to specify microbial burden targets. Among the questions raised were how will the SSB recommendations be integrated with existing Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) policy and how will they apply to and affect Mars '94, Mars '96, MESUR Pathfinder, and MESUR Network missions? One additional topic briefly considered at the workshop was the identification of some issues related to planetary protection considerations for Mars sample return missions. These issues will form the basis for a follow-on joint U.S./Russian workshop on that subject.

  19. Party Package includes: All-day Museum Admission including

    E-print Network

    Westneat, Mark W.

    a dinosaur devotee in your midst? Is your child mad about mummies? Celebrate their birthday like no other birthday party packages! #12;Costumed Character A friendly dinosaur will surprise guests to give hugs, take photos and teach a fun dinosaur dance. This option includes free "A T.rex Named Sue" CD: $100 Self

  20. Meeting future challenges in topical ocular drug delivery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johnny J Yang; Hideo Ueda; Kwang-Jin Kim; Vincent H. L Lee

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and characterize a functional air-interfaced primary culture of rabbit conjunctival epithelial cells grown on a permeable support for drug transport studies. Conjunctival epithelial cells from the pigmented rabbit were isolated, seeded at 1.2×106 cellscm?2 on permeable Transwell filters, and cultured at the air interface using a modified PC-1 medium. Conjunctival epithelial cell

  1. Application of XML Topic Maps to knowledge navigation and information retrieval for urban traffic information portal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhai Jun; Wang Qinglian; Lv Miao

    2008-01-01

    Along with stocks of traffic information grows rapidly, knowledge navigation is the future development trend for managing urban traffic information resource. Topic Maps (TM) are standardized by ISO 13250 for the purpose of semantic annotation of WWW resources. XML Topic Maps (XTM) is straightforwardly usable over the Internet and support a wide variety of applications. This paper presents the knowledge

  2. Clustering Hyperlinks for Topic Extraction: An Exploratory Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. E. G. Villarreal; L. M. Elizalde; A. C. Viveros

    2009-01-01

    In a Web of increasing size and complexity, a key issue is automatic document organization, which includes topic extraction in collections. Since we consider topics as document clusters with semantic properties, we are concerned with exploring suitable clustering techniques for their identification on hyperlinked environments (where we only regard structural information). For this purpose, three algorithms (PDDP, k-means, and graph

  3. Salicylic Acid Topical

    MedlinePLUS

    Propa pH® Peel-Off Acne Mask ... pimples and skin blemishes in people who have acne. Topical salicylic acid is also used to treat ... medications called keratolytic agents. Topical salicylic acid treats acne by reducing swelling and redness and unplugging blocked ...

  4. Helicopters for the future

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ward, J. F.

    1984-01-01

    Technology needed to provide the basis for creating a widening rotary wing market include: well defined and proven design; reductions in noise, vibration, and fuel consumption; improvement of flying and ride quality; better safety; reliability; maintainability; and productivity. Unsteady transonic flow, yawed flow, dynamic stall, and blade vortex interaction are some of the problems faced by scientists and engineers in the helicopter industry with rotorcraft technology seen as an important development for future advanced high speed vehicle configurations. Such aircraft as the Boeing Vertol medium lift Model 360 composite aircraft, the Sikorsky Advancing Blade Concept (ABC) aircraft, the Bell Textron XV-15 Tilt Rotor Aircraft, and the X-wing rotor aircraft are discussed in detail. Even though rotorcraft technology has become an integral part of the military scene, the potential market for its civil applications has not been fully developed.

  5. The future is 'ambient'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lugmayr, Artur

    2006-02-01

    The research field of ambient media starts to spread rapidly and first applications for consumer homes are on the way. Ambient media is the logical continuation of research around media. Media has been evolving from old media (e.g. print media), to integrated presentation in one form (multimedia - or new media), to generating a synthetic world (virtual reality), to the natural environment is the user-interface (ambient media), and will be evolving towards real/synthetic undistinguishable media (bio-media or bio-multimedia). After the IT bubble was bursting, multimedia was lacking a vision of potential future scenarios and applications. Within this research paper the potentials, applications, and market available solutions of mobile ambient multimedia are studied. The different features of ambient mobile multimedia are manifold and include wearable computers, adaptive software, context awareness, ubiquitous computers, middleware, and wireless networks. The paper especially focuses on algorithms and methods that can be utilized to realize modern mobile ambient systems.

  6. Predicting the earth's future

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dutton, J. A.

    1986-01-01

    The development of earth system models that will simulate the past and present and provide predictions of future conditions is essential now that human activities have the potential to induce changes in the planetary environment. Critical aspects of global change include its pervasiveness and ubiquity, its distribution in several distinct time-scale bands, and the interactions between the atmosphere, ocean, land surface, and the terrestrial and marine biospheres. A model of the earth system on the scale of decades to centuries, developed by the Earth System Science Committee (NASA) with the strategy of dividing by time scale rather than discipline, is presented and the requirements for observations to support the implementation of the model are reviewed.

  7. Topical pimecrolimus 1% cream in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis.

    PubMed

    Kim, Grace K; Rosso, James Del

    2013-02-01

    Seborrheic dermatitis is a multifactorial skin disease characterized by a chronic course with periods of exacerbation and remission. Although topical corticosteroids have been the mainstay of treatment, alternative therapies are often needed to avoid protracted use of topical corticosteroid therapy in order to avert side effects and to sustain control of the disorder. Topical pimecrolimus, a calcinuerin inhibitor, is a safe alternative for seborrheic dermatitis and is more ideal for long-term use. More specifically, topical pimecrolimus not only has an attractive safety profile with no risk of many of the potential side effects seen with topical corticosteroids, but also has favorable efficacy data, including more data on long-term use. This is a review of literature evaluating the efficacy and safety profile of topical pimecrolimus 1% cream for the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis. PMID:23441238

  8. Topical Pimecrolimus 1% Cream in the Treatment of Seborrheic Dermatitis

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Grace K.

    2013-01-01

    Seborrheic dermatitis is a multifactorial skin disease characterized by a chronic course with periods of exacerbation and remission. Although topical corticosteroids have been the mainstay of treatment, alternative therapies are often needed to avoid protracted use of topical corticosteroid therapy in order to avert side effects and to sustain control of the disorder. Topical pimecrolimus, a calcinuerin inhibitor, is a safe alternative for seborrheic dermatitis and is more ideal for long-term use. More specifically, topical pimecrolimus not only has an attractive safety profile with no risk of many of the potential side effects seen with topical corticosteroids, but also has favorable efficacy data, including more data on long-term use. This is a review of literature evaluating the efficacy and safety profile of topical pimecrolimus 1% cream for the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis. PMID:23441238

  9. FAQ IRB questions (includes SPE

    Cancer.gov

    The most recent Investigator’s Brochure (IB) will provide a good estimate of known adverse event inci-dence (see the FAQ on how to receive an IB), and some CAEPRs (included in the protocol docu-ment) do, too.

  10. Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

  11. Stability and Change--Postsecondary Education's Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

    Problems, issues, and the potential of higher education were discussed at SREB's 26th Legislative Work Conference. Higher education's dilemma is that a steady state will bring increased pressures for change, not for operating on the basis of more of the same. Topics in the report include: highlights of a profile of higher education in the South,…

  12. Biology and the Future of Man.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canipe, Stephen L.

    The purpose of this unit is to provoke discussion and thought by the reader. Topics considered include cloning; amniocentesis and sex determination; predicting abnormalities and abortion; transplants; life prolonging machines; cryogenics; prenatal surgery; sperm and egg banks; radiation; psychobehavior, ESB (electrical stimulation of the brain),…

  13. Selected Topics of Interest: 1975

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Annals of the Deaf, 1975

    1975-01-01

    Part 1 of the 'Directory of Programs and Services for the Deaf in the United States' includes data on hearing impaired school leavers, a summary of current and future provisions for multiple handicapped deaf students, and information on educational programs for the deaf and for professionals in deafness. (LS)

  14. The Future of Technology in K-12 Arts Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Assey, Joan

    This paper discusses the future role of technology in arts education and addresses the impact of technology on teaching and learning in these content areas. The following topics are covered: (1) technology in arts education; (2) the link between learning and technology; (3) change in goals and purpose in arts education--curriculum, instruction,…

  15. Texas Future Farmers of America Poultry Judging Handbook. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, J. W.; And Others

    This handbook is designed to help students in Texas prepare for Future Farmers of America (FFA) poultry judgings. The handbook is organized into five major sections that cover the following topics: organization of the Texas FFA poultry judging contest; judging production hens; judging production pullets; grading ready-to-cook broilers, fryers, or…

  16. What Is the Future of Electronic Resource Management Systems?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tijerina, Bonnie; King, Douglas

    2008-01-01

    In a time of constant change, sometimes it is worthwhile to ruminate on the future and how things ought to be. "Journal of Electronic Resources Librarianship" wanted to capture some of these ruminations from around the field in a new column called "E-Opinions from the Field" where readers are asked to send in their thoughts on a topic and respond…

  17. Is There a Future for the Teaching Profession?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Null, J. Wesley

    2010-01-01

    This essay raises the question, "Is there a future for the teaching profession?" Beginning with a brief story illustrating the difficulties teachers and teacher educators face, this essay addresses three topics educators must address if the profession is to thrive: teaching and research within universities, the recruitment of educators, and the…

  18. Dare To Dream: A Guide to Planning Your Future. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Kristine; Repetto, Jeanne; Beutel, Adory; Perkins, Dollean; Bailey, Mary; Schwartz, Stuart

    This workbook is intended to help students with disabilities plan their postschool futures. In addition to the general material, "Dare To Know" boxes highlight important information, while "Dare To Think" and "Dare To Do" boxes provide activities to help with planning. Individual sections focus on topics such as the following: planning my…

  19. Incorporating Women and Crime Topics into Criminology Classes: Assignments, Exercises, and Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Richard A.

    1987-01-01

    Recommends a variety of books, assignments, exercises, and projects which can be incorporated into introductory criminology classes to compensate for the omission of topics on women and crime in textbooks and curricula. Includes a list of potential topics for writing assignments and a selection of films covering such topics as sexual harassment,…

  20. A Content Analysis of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Topics in Multicultural Education Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Todd; Macgillivray, Ian K.

    2011-01-01

    This research examines the treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) topics in 12 popular multicultural education textbooks. Following a line-by-line analysis of each textbook, the findings report the extent to which LGBT topics were included in each text and the themes that became apparent in how LGBT topics were treated. The…

  1. Syllabus for Biology 250, Special Topic in Biology, Fall 2008 EVOLUTION OF SPECIES INTERACTIONS

    E-print Network

    Sachs, Joel

    mismatches reveal escape from arms-race co-evolution PLoS Biology 6: 471-482 (L) 4 Plants vs. herbivores 211 Syllabus for Biology 250, Special Topic in Biology, Fall 2008 EVOLUTION OF SPECIES INTERACTIONS of life, and topics will not be taxonomic in focus. Discussion topics include i) escalation/arms races, ii

  2. A Topic Model for Word Sense Disambiguation Jordan Boyd-Graber

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Xiaojin "Jerry"

    A Topic Model for Word Sense Disambiguation Jordan Boyd-Graber Computer Science Princeton probabilistic topic model that includes word sense as a hidden variable. We develop a probabilistic posterior) in the topic model and show that automatically learned domains improve WSD accuracy compared to alter- native

  3. Our Future Donors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Richard E.

    2004-01-01

    The rhetorical advantages and dangers involved in casting the students as "future donors" are explained. The way in which the institutions have to change for casting its students as future donors is described.

  4. Aviation in the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayten, Gerald G.

    1974-01-01

    Makes predications concerning future aerospace technology in the areas of supersonic transportation, aircraft design, airfreight, military aviation, hypersonic aircraft and in the much distant future sub-orbital, rocket propelled transports. (BR)

  5. Nursing's Preferred Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydelotte, Myrtle K.

    1987-01-01

    The author discusses future trends for society and relates them to future roles and characteristics of nursing. She presents strategies that nursing professionals should use to be prepared for the stated trends. (CH)

  6. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Hand, M. M.

    2012-09-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

  7. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Mai, T.

    2012-11-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

  8. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Mai, T.

    2013-04-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

  9. Planning for the future

    SciTech Connect

    Lesh, Pamela

    2009-06-15

    Four changes to integrated resource planning could significantly improve alignment between future utility spending and the forces and changes that are upending past preconceptions of how to predict future load. (author)

  10. Hot topics in noise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stinson, Michael R.

    2003-10-01

    Our world continues to be a noisy place and the challenge to ``increase and diffuse knowledge of noise propagation, passive and active noise control, and the effects of noise'' remains. In the last several years, noise in the classroom has emerged as one of the hotter topics: Considerable progress has been made in the underpinning research, the formulation of recommendations, and the process of educating society on the social and personal impact of inadequate acoustical conditions in classrooms. The establishment of the ANSI S12.60-2002 standard for classroom acoustics was a milestone event. Noise in cities and the understanding of our soundscapes are subjects of ongoing significance. The development of standards and regulations is a continuing process, with urban community noise regulations, aviation noise, and the preservation of natural quiet in national parks being of current concern. New methods to reduce noise are under development and include passive and active methods of noise control, techniques for modeling the performance of noise barriers, and approaches for designing product sound quality.

  11. CARD No. 25 Future State Assumptions

    E-print Network

    . Changes in the hydraulic properties of rocks (such as members of the Rustler and Dewey Lake Formations.2 and Appendices SCR and MASS of the Compliance Certification Application (CCA). Many future state assumptions application to include the following information: (1) identification and explanation of future state

  12. The Future on a Human Scale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benham, B. J.

    1978-01-01

    The article discusses the importance of humanistically oriented views of the future, including a change in the focus of education toward uncertainty, change, deliberation, and holistic thinking. It seems that the images of the future which a culture entertains are closely related to what eventually does come to pass. (LPG)

  13. Back to the Future for Higher Education: Medieval Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Michael D.

    2001-01-01

    Considers whether the current transformation of higher education has its roots in medieval universities. Topics include corporate and virtual universities; the adaptation of new technologies, especially the Internet; affordability; the development of critical thinking skills; and students as customers. (LRW)

  14. Diabetes Topics Associated With Engagement on Twitter

    PubMed Central

    Mart, Adelina; Moreland-Russell, Sarah; Caburnay, Charlene A.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Social media are widely used by the general public and by public health and health care professionals. Emerging evidence suggests engagement with public health information on social media may influence health behavior. However, the volume of data accumulating daily on Twitter and other social media is a challenge for researchers with limited resources to further examine how social media influence health. To address this challenge, we used crowdsourcing to facilitate the examination of topics associated with engagement with diabetes information on Twitter. Methods We took a random sample of 100 tweets that included the hashtag “#diabetes” from each day during a constructed week in May and June 2014. Crowdsourcing through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk platform was used to classify tweets into 9 topic categories and their senders into 3 Twitter user categories. Descriptive statistics and Tweedie regression were used to identify tweet and Twitter user characteristics associated with 2 measures of engagement, “favoriting” and “retweeting.” Results Classification was reliable for tweet topics and Twitter user type. The most common tweet topics were medical and nonmedical resources for diabetes. Tweets that included information about diabetes-related health problems were positively and significantly associated with engagement. Tweets about diabetes prevalence, nonmedical resources for diabetes, and jokes or sarcasm about diabetes were significantly negatively associated with engagement. Conclusion Crowdsourcing is a reliable, quick, and economical option for classifying tweets. Public health practitioners aiming to engage constituents around diabetes may want to focus on topics positively associated with engagement. PMID:25950569

  15. FUTURE LOGISTICS LIVING LABORATORY

    E-print Network

    Heiser, Gernot

    FUTURE LOGISTICS LIVING LABORATORY Delivering Innovation The Future Logistics Living Lab that will provide logistics solutions for the future. The Living Lab is a demonstration, exhibition and work space of around 200 m² located at NICTA's Australian Technology Park offices in Redfern. The lab is driven

  16. Appointment Future work

    E-print Network

    Phillips, David

    1/17 Appointment scheduling Example: a glaucoma clinic Future work Appointment scheduling #12;2/17 Appointment scheduling Example: a glaucoma clinic Future work Have you heard this one? So: a glaucoma clinic Future work Have you heard this one? So a mathematician walks into a room full

  17. Timely topics in pediatric psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Dineen Wagner, Karen

    2014-11-01

    This section of Focus on Childhood and Adolescent Mental Health presents findings on an array of topics including inflammation and child and adolescent depression, glutamatergic dysregulation and pediatric psychiatric disorders, predictors of bipolar disorder in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and the continuum between obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). There is increased interest in the role of inflammation in psychiatric disorders. Kim and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to examine the relationships between inflammatory processes, inflammation, medical conditions, and depression and suicidality in children and adolescents. PMID:25470084

  18. Betting on the Future: The authors compare natural gas forecaststo futures buys

    SciTech Connect

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2006-01-20

    On December 12, 2005, the reference case projections from Annual Energy Outlook 2006 (AEO 2006) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market. The goal is better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. Below is a discussion of our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past five years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past five years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this article we update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2006. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic. As was the case in the past five AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2005), we once again find that the AEO 2006 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEX-AEO 2006 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$2.3/MMBtu levelized over five years--that we have seen over the last six years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $2.3/MMBtu more than the AEO 2006 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years. Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years

  19. 'Hot Topics' in Astrophysics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maran, Stephen P.

    2000-01-01

    Three current topics in astrophysics are described here on the occasion of the joint meeting of the American Association of Physics Teachers and the American Astronomical Society (Jan. 7-11, 2001, San Diego, Calif.). Many equally exciting topics--ranging from the dozens of newly discovered planets of sunlike stars to evidence suggesting that the expansion of the universe is accelerating--could have been chosen. The topics discussed are: (1) the habitability of Mars, (2) black holes, galaxy bulges, and the X-ray background, and (3) the greatest explosions since the Big Bang.

  20. TOPIC REVIEW IN TOUCH WITH ROBOTICS: NEUROSURGERY FOR

    E-print Network

    Cavusoglu, Cenk

    TOPIC REVIEW IN TOUCH WITH ROBOTICS: NEUROSURGERY FOR THE FUTURE Narendra Nathoo, M.D., Ph.D. Brain Tumor Institute and Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio M. Cenk of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio Gene H. Barnett, M.D. Brain Tumor Institute

  1. Family Counseling and Therapy: Major Issues and Topics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert L.; Stevens-Smith, Patricia

    The six chapters of this book on family counseling and therapy focus on healthy family functioning; marriage and family counseling theories; the practice of marriage and family counseling; training marriage and family counselors/therapists; issues and topics in family therapy; and images and projections for the future. The 33 articles distributed…

  2. Physical Review Special Topics : Accelerators and Beams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Current and past issues of this free American Physical Society peer-reviewed, electronic journal are available here. The journal is published on an article-by-article basis, and new articles are added to the latest issue. March titles in Physical Review Special Topics--Accelerators and Beams include "Coherent off-axis undulato radiation from short electron bunches."

  3. Water: A Topic for All Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Malonne I.; Seimears, C. Matt

    2008-01-01

    The authors illustrate an effective lesson-planning technique known as unpacking for the broad topic of water. Interconnections among science disciplines are shown for numerous possible subtopics. Two lesson sets are included, the first dealing with properties of water and the second dealing with water as a resource. (Contains 1 table and 4…

  4. Quark-gluon plasma (Selected Topics)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zakharov, V. I.

    2012-09-01

    Introductory lectures to the theory of (strongly interacting) quark-gluon plasma given at the Winter School of Physics of ITEP (Moscow, February 2010). We emphasize theoretical issues highlighted by the discovery of the low viscosity of the plasma. The topics include relativistic hydrodynamics, manifestations of chiral anomaly in hydrodynamics, superfluidity, relativistic superfluid hydrodynamics, effective stringy scalars, holographic models of Yang-Mills theories.

  5. Teaching Difficult Topics with Primary Sources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Lee Ann

    2011-01-01

    "Difficult" or "challenging" topics to teach include racism, violence, genocide, bullying, gangs, abuse (physical, emotional, and substance), slavery, suffering, hatred, terrorism, war, disease, loss, addiction, and more. But by confronting them with students, in the safety of a classroom through thoughtfully constructed lessons (ones that take…

  6. Surfing the Net with Kids: Science Topics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Barbara J. Feldman

    2002-07-15

    This clearinghouse page provides links to hundreds of online science resources for children. It is arranged by topic: animals, experiments, space, the human body, Earth sciences, and "other science." Materials include activities and experiments, games and puzzles, graphic materials, webcams, and many other kinds of resources.

  7. Topics in Cultural Learning, Volume 2, 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brislin, Robert W., Ed.

    The twelve papers included in this second volume of Topics in Culture are related to the Institute's four areas of research interest: cultural identity, cultures in contact, language in culture, and thought and expression in cultural learning. The articles also examine one or more of four themes which transcend the four research areas: learning…

  8. Prevention of Disabilities: Topic Paper D.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on the Handicapped, Washington, DC.

    As one of a series of topic papers assessing federal laws and programs affecting persons with disabilities, this paper describes the major components of a comprehensive program to prevent disabilities, including programs to maximize health care, programs to maximize educational growth and sound psychological development, and programs for public…

  9. Sea Changes. Topics in Marine Earth Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Awkerman, Gary L.

    This publication is designed for use in standard science curricula to develop oceanologic manifestations of certain science topics. Included are teacher guides, student activities, and demonstrations designed to impart ocean science understanding to high school students. The principal theme of Changes in the Sea is presented in this particular…

  10. Environmental Topics for Introductory Physics Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodges, Laurent

    1974-01-01

    Presents selected environmental references with comparatively detailed descriptions for the purpose of helping high school and college physics teachers in selecting materials for their course. The topics include thermal pollution, space heating and cooling, atmospheric temperature distribution, radiation balance of the earth, sound and noises, and…

  11. Spring 2012 Variable Topics in Women's Studies

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Spring 2012 Variable Topics in Women's Studies Queer Migration WS 3998, Section 002 Instructor, between, and beyond the boundaries of the nation-state. Please contact the Women's Studies Program of key concepts within queer and sexuality studies. These include, but are by no means limited to

  12. LiveScience Topic: Nanotechnology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    So what is nanotechnology, you ask? Nanotechnology is defined as the science and technology of building electronic circuits and devices from single atoms and molecules, or the branch of engineering that deals with things smaller than 100 nanometers. This site details the future benefits that nanotechnology research could serve including advances in telecommunications, information technology, healthcare and pharmaceuticals. For additional information on nanotechnology, what it consists of, as well as nanotech's current and future impacts on the world of science, simply select any nanotechnology article or other interactive feature.

  13. Neoclassical Transport Including Collisional Nonlinearity

    SciTech Connect

    Candy, J.; Belli, E. A. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)

    2011-06-10

    In the standard {delta}f theory of neoclassical transport, the zeroth-order (Maxwellian) solution is obtained analytically via the solution of a nonlinear equation. The first-order correction {delta}f is subsequently computed as the solution of a linear, inhomogeneous equation that includes the linearized Fokker-Planck collision operator. This equation admits analytic solutions only in extreme asymptotic limits (banana, plateau, Pfirsch-Schlueter), and so must be solved numerically for realistic plasma parameters. Recently, numerical codes have appeared which attempt to compute the total distribution f more accurately than in the standard ordering by retaining some nonlinear terms related to finite-orbit width, while simultaneously reusing some form of the linearized collision operator. In this work we show that higher-order corrections to the distribution function may be unphysical if collisional nonlinearities are ignored.

  14. Redesigning Classroom Activities for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berliner, David C.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses future changes in instruction, particularly in grades five through nine. Highlights include technology-induced changes; changes in the authority structure, including teachers as managers of information; multidimensional learning environments; rate of learning, including time on task; curriculum knowledge of teachers; thinking skills and…

  15. Parthenium dermatitis in India: past, present and future.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Vinod K; Verma, Parul

    2012-01-01

    Parthenium dermatitis is an immuno-inflammatory disease caused by Parthenium hysterophorus and is the commonest cause of plant dermatitis in India. It is caused by airborne dry and friable plant particles including trichomes, and the most important allergens responsible for allergic contact dermatitis are sesquiterpene lactones. The combined type IV and type I hypersensitivity to parthenium has been recently postulated. In sensitized individuals, it can cause a spectrum of clinical patterns, such as classical airborne pattern, chronic actinic dermatitis-like presentation, mixed pattern dermatitis, exfoliative dermatitis, widespread dermatitis, and other rare patterns. There is definite trend towards change from airborne pattern to chronic actinic pattern in natural history of parthenium dermatitis. Contact sensitivity to parthenium is everlasting, and hence the disease runs a chronic course with exacerbation during summers. Patch testing with acetone or aqueous plant extract is the simplest way of confirming parthenium contact allergy. Management includes avoiding contact with allergen, managing dermatitis with topical corticosteroids/tacrolimus, and other immunosupressives like azathioprine. In future, we expect parthenium dermatitis to become less prevalent due to rapid urbanization and possible development of new biological methods to eradicate the parthenium. Genetic factors associated with susceptibility to parthenium dermatitis need to be studied. PMID:22960811

  16. Instructional Methods TOPIC Page

    E-print Network

    1 Instructional Methods #12;TOPIC Page Case-Based Discussion 3 Concept Mapping 4 Demonstration 5 Resources 18 2 Table of Contents #12;CASE-BASED DISCUSSION (CBD) Student Role: Read cases Take on specific

  17. Anticipatory Democracy and Citizen Involvement: Strategies for Communication Education for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flory, Joyce

    This report describes the "anticipatory democracy" movement, which advocates citizen participation and awareness of future problems, and suggests instructional strategies for the field of communication to increase both students' and community members' future-consciousness and involvement in society. Specific topics of concern are the formation of…

  18. Hydrologic nonstationarity and extrapolating models to predict the future: overview of session and proceeding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiew, F. H. S.; Vaze, J.

    2015-06-01

    This paper provides an overview of this IAHS symposium and PIAHS proceeding on "hydrologic nonstationarity and extrapolating models to predict the future". The paper provides a brief review of research on this topic, presents approaches used to account for nonstationarity when extrapolating models to predict the future, and summarises the papers in this session and proceeding.

  19. Brake assembly including torque monitor

    SciTech Connect

    Dillmann, C.W.

    1992-07-21

    This patent describes a brake assembly for selectively braking rotation of an input shaft extending from a control rod drive having a longitudinal centerline axis, the shaft being rotatable for selectively inserting and withdrawing a control rod in a nuclear reactor vessel. It comprises a stationary base; an annular bearing mounted to the base; a brake mounted to the bearing; a backing plate mounted to the bearing; a first braking pad fixedly joined to the backing plate; a rotor disc fixedly connected to the input shaft and disposed adjacent to the first pad; a second braking pad disposed adjacent to the rotor disc; and means for selectively clamping the first and second pads against the rotor disc for braking the input shaft; means for torsionally restraining the brake including: a pin extending outwardly from the backing plate toward the base; and a spring extending from the base to the pin and generally perpendicular to the centerline axis; and means for monitoring the angle for monitoring braking torque capability of the brake.

  20. Analysis of Smart Composite Structures Including Debonding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chattopadhyay, Aditi; Seeley, Charles E.

    1997-01-01

    Smart composite structures with distributed sensors and actuators have the capability to actively respond to a changing environment while offering significant weight savings and additional passive controllability through ply tailoring. Piezoelectric sensing and actuation of composite laminates is the most promising concept due to the static and dynamic control capabilities. Essential to the implementation of these smart composites are the development of accurate and efficient modeling techniques and experimental validation. This research addresses each of these important topics. A refined higher order theory is developed to model composite structures with surface bonded or embedded piezoelectric transducers. These transducers are used as both sensors and actuators for closed loop control. The theory accurately captures the transverse shear deformation through the thickness of the smart composite laminate while satisfying stress free boundary conditions on the free surfaces. The theory is extended to include the effect of debonding at the actuator-laminate interface. The developed analytical model is implemented using the finite element method utilizing an induced strain approach for computational efficiency. This allows general laminate geometries and boundary conditions to be analyzed. The state space control equations are developed to allow flexibility in the design of the control system. Circuit concepts are also discussed. Static and dynamic results of smart composite structures, obtained using the higher order theory, are correlated with available analytical data. Comparisons, including debonded laminates, are also made with a general purpose finite element code and available experimental data. Overall, very good agreement is observed. Convergence of the finite element implementation of the higher order theory is shown with exact solutions. Additional results demonstrate the utility of the developed theory to study piezoelectric actuation of composite laminates with pre-existing debonding. Significant changes in the modes shapes and reductions in the control authority result due to partially debonded actuators. An experimental investigation addresses practical issues, such as circuit design and implementation, associated with piezoelectric sensing and actuation of composite laminates. Composite specimens with piezoelectric transducers were designed, constructed and tested to validate the higher order theory. These specimens were tested with various stacking sequences, debonding lengths and gains for both open and closed loop cases. Frequency changes of 15% and damping on the order of more than 20% of critical damping, via closed loop control, was achieved. Correlation with the higher order theory is very good. Debonding is shown to adversely affect the open and closed loop frequencies, damping ratios, settling time and control authority.

  1. Mapping Topics and Topic Bursts in PNAS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ketan Mane; Katy Börner

    2004-01-01

    Scientific research is highly dynamic. New areas of science continually\\u000aevolve;others gain or lose importance, merge or split. Due to the steady\\u000aincrease in the number of scientific publications it is hard to keep an\\u000aoverview of the structure and dynamic development of one's own field of\\u000ascience, much less all scientific domains. However, knowledge of hot topics,\\u000aemergent research

  2. Improved topic discrimination of broadcast news using a model of multiple simultaneous topics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toru Imai; Richard Schwartz; Francis Kubala; Long Nguyen

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents a new method of topic spotting that attempts to retrieve detailed multiple simultaneous topics from broadcast news stories, each of which has about four different topics out of several thousand different topics. A new topic model uses a simple HMM where each state of the HMM represents one topic and the topic state emits topic-dependent keywords probabilistically.

  3. Solutions for Our Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-01-01

    America benefits mightily from its many universities and colleges, and this recent initiative from the American Council on Education (ACE) aims to raise awareness about the mission and work of the country's higher education institutions. The ACE is working with a number of partners on this project, including the Educational Testing Service, the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA), and Campus Compact. New visitors can start their journey through the site by clicking on the "What is Solutions for Our Future?" section, which can be found at the top right hand corner of the homepage. After reading this brief overview, they should click on the "Solutions" area. Here they can learn about innovative and beneficial programs like North Carolina Community College's work on training biotechnology workers and Tarleton State University's equine assisted therapy program. Further down the site's homepage, visitors can click on a drop down menu to learn more about higher education in their own state, and even sign up to receive email updates.

  4. The future of antibiotics

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Antibiotic resistance continues to spread even as society is experiencing a market failure of new antibiotic research and development (R&D). Scientific, economic, and regulatory barriers all contribute to the antibiotic market failure. Scientific solutions to rekindle R&D include finding new screening strategies to identify novel antibiotic scaffolds and transforming the way we think about treating infections, such that the goal is to disarm the pathogen without killing it or modulate the host response to the organism without targeting the organism for destruction. Future economic strategies are likely to focus on ‘push’ incentives offered by public-private partnerships as well as increasing pricing by focusing development on areas of high unmet need. Such strategies can also help protect new antibiotics from overuse after marketing. Regulatory reform is needed to re-establish feasible and meaningful traditional antibiotic pathways, to create novel limited-use pathways that focus on highly resistant infections, and to harmonize regulatory standards across nations. We need new antibiotics with which to treat our patients. But we also need to protect those new antibiotics from misuse when they become available. If we want to break the cycle of resistance and change the current landscape, disruptive approaches that challenge long-standing dogma will be needed. PMID:25043962

  5. The azoospermic male: current knowledge and future perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Esteves, Sandro C; Agarwal, Ashok

    2013-01-01

    This special issue is fully dedicated to the topic of azoospermia and contains the seminal work of renowned scientists and clinicians from seven countries on three continents. In seventeen chapters, a comprehensive review of the epidemiology, genetics, physiopathology, diagnosis, and management of azoospermia addresses our current knowledge on the topic. The clinical results of assisted reproductive techniques applied to this category of male infertility and the health of offspring originating from such fathers are critically analyzed. In addition, the challenges and the future biotechnological perspectives for the treatment of azoospermic males seeking fertility are discussed. PMID:23503949

  6. TOPICAL REVIEW: Advances and challenges in computational plasma science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, W. M.; Chan, V. S.

    2005-02-01

    Scientific simulation, which provides a natural bridge between theory and experiment, is an essential tool for understanding complex plasma behaviour. Recent advances in simulations of magnetically confined plasmas are reviewed in this paper, with illustrative examples, chosen from associated research areas such as microturbulence, magnetohydrodynamics and other topics. Progress has been stimulated, in particular, by the exponential growth of computer speed along with significant improvements in computer technology. The advances in both particle and fluid simulations of fine-scale turbulence and large-scale dynamics have produced increasingly good agreement between experimental observations and computational modelling. This was enabled by two key factors: (a) innovative advances in analytic and computational methods for developing reduced descriptions of physics phenomena spanning widely disparate temporal and spatial scales and (b) access to powerful new computational resources. Excellent progress has been made in developing codes for which computer run-time and problem-size scale well with the number of processors on massively parallel processors (MPPs). Examples include the effective usage of the full power of multi-teraflop (multi-trillion floating point computations per second) MPPs to produce three-dimensional, general geometry, nonlinear particle simulations that have accelerated advances in understanding the nature of turbulence self-regulation by zonal flows. These calculations, which typically utilized billions of particles for thousands of time-steps, would not have been possible without access to powerful present generation MPP computers and the associated diagnostic and visualization capabilities. In looking towards the future, the current results from advanced simulations provide great encouragement for being able to include increasingly realistic dynamics to enable deeper physics insights into plasmas in both natural and laboratory environments. This should produce the scientific excitement which will help to (a) stimulate enhanced cross-cutting collaborations with other fields and (b) attract the bright young talent needed for the future health of the field of plasma science.

  7. Advanced TopicsAdvanced Topics Applications of IEApplications of IE

    E-print Network

    Neumann, Günter

    language shallow processing: named entities,Natural language shallow processing: named entities, npnp documents DB of info. provider information extraction interlingua templates natural language descriptionsAdvanced TopicsAdvanced Topics andand Applications of IEApplications of IE Günter Neumann

  8. [Cardionephrology: past, present and future].

    PubMed

    Timio, Mario; Wizemann, Volker

    2014-01-01

    In 1987, the first Kidney-Heart meeting was held in Assisi, Italy and in 1991 the term Cardionephrology was coined in medical practice. Since then, nephrologists and cardiologists realized the utility of a tight cooperation among them and organized an agenda of scientific meetings which take place every two years within European countries. The cooperation was strengthened by daily observation which shows renal replacement therapy had solved many problems but imposed or added new disorders to cardiovascular system. Soon, the nephrologists learned that hemodialyisis techniques had not only blood detoxification effect but also cardiovascular consequences. Therefore, the nephrologists started to adopt cardiological tools and apply them to renal patients. The cardiologists realized that in some aspects kidney patients are different from non-renal cardiological patients and have to be treated differently. In Assisi Cardionephrology meetings a clear message was launched: the necessity to bring nephrologists and cardiologists together with the potential benefit of learning from others experiences and transferring the outcome for the benefit of our patients. As result, many foundations and journals have been emerged on this topic. Is there a future for Cardionephrolgy? The answer is yes, with a unique limitation: to continue the spirit of Assisi, following the culture of cooperation and relying on RCTs hypothesis. PMID:25315730

  9. Batteries for future aircraft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sidney Gross

    1987-01-01

    The general requirements for future aircraft batteries are summarized, and primary and secondary battery requirements for primary and secondary batteries in such aircraft are examined. The greater use of primary batteries as compared to secondary batteries in future aircraft will permit the use of self-contained avionics with low power levels. The much greater energy density and shelf life of primary

  10. Gazing into the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, Susan

    2009-01-01

    "We cannot always build the future for our youth, but we can build our youth for the future." Franklin D. Roosevelt spoke those words more than 50 years ago. It was a time when students took classes called "shop," and those students were almost exclusively boys. Home economics classes, on the other hand, were filled with girls learning cooking and…

  11. Gateway to the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiJulio, Betsy

    2012-01-01

    "Gateway to the Future" pairs a painting of a gateway constructed from children's building blocks with an ink drawing of a personal symbol on a collaged background. The main objective of this lesson is to create a metaphoric artwork about moving from the present through a symbolic portal to the future. So, space--foreground, middle ground, and…

  12. (Some) Computer Futures: Mainframes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Earl C.

    Possible futures for the world of mainframe computers can be forecast through studies identifying forces of change and their impact on current trends. Some new prospects for the future have been generated by advances in information technology; for example, recent United States successes in applied artificial intelligence (AI) have created new…

  13. Framework for the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuller, Tom

    2008-01-01

    The main goal of the Inquiry into the Future for Lifelong Learning is to provide a "strategic framework" for the future. In this article, the author considers the key components that will make up the framework. These are: (1) a statement of vision and values; (2) a stock-take of the current position; (3) an "investment rationale"; (4) some…

  14. Creative Ventures: The Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark, Rebecca

    This book, published in 1987, provides open-ended activities to extend the imagination and creativity of students and encourage them to examine their feelings and values. Williams' model of cognitive-intellective and affective-feeling domains are addressed. Nearly 60 pages of exercises focus on the future, asking students to predict future

  15. The Future Is Partnership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sussman, Herbert; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Future considerations regarding new student clientele and cooperative arrangements among urban universities as they confront societal change are considered by six campus chief executives. Herbert M. Sussman mentions the San Francisco Community College District's noncredit program, which has a separate delivery system, and suggests that the future

  16. Idaho's Library Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaho State Library, Boise.

    In l998, Idahoans gathered in a series of six Regional Futures Conferences to identify what they thought was probable during the next ten years, what was possible for libraries to do and be, and what a preferred future of Idaho libraries might be. Participants from the regional conferences then convened to refine and focus descriptions of the…

  17. Futurism and Communication Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redfield, James

    1973-01-01

    Organized study of possible futures of all types of communication should be initiated immediately in high schools, colleges, and advanced research institutions. Interpersonal communication particularly requires attention since scholarly predictions for future social change involve the reduction of meaningful interpersonal relationships. If…

  18. Mathematical Future work

    E-print Network

    Phillips, David

    1/15 Mathematical modeling Example: Glaucoma clinic Future work Scheduling and resource planning: models for a glaucoma clinic DAVID PHILLIPS Department of Mathematics United States Naval Academy Joint;2/15 Mathematical modeling Example: Glaucoma clinic Future work So a mathematician walks into a room full

  19. Topical 0.005% tacrolimus eye drop for refractory vernal keratoconjunctivitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Kheirkhah; M K Zavareh; F Farzbod; M Mahbod; M J Behrouz

    2011-01-01

    PurposeTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical 0.005% tacrolimus eye drop for treatment of refractory vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC).MethodsThis prospective study included 20 eyes of 10 patients with refractory VKC, who had active symptomatic disease despite conventional medications including topical steroids. After discontinuing all other medications, patients were treated with topical 0.005% tacrolimus eye drop four times a day. Changes

  20. IT-enabled Community Health Interventions: Challenges, Opportunities, and Future Directions

    PubMed Central

    Kharrazi, Hadi; Weiner, Jonathan P.

    2014-01-01

    Rising health information technology (HIT) adoption and the increasing interoperability of health data have propelled the role of IT in community-wide health transformations. Disseminating the challenges and opportunities that the early adopters of community-wide HIT interventions have experienced is critical for empowering the growing demand for community-based health systems. This special issue of eGEMs addresses that need. This issue includes a variety of community-based HIT projects covering topics such as governance, informatics, and learning health systems. These projects represent a diverse set of stakeholders, a wide selection of data sources, and multiple information platforms to collate or exchange data. We hope that this special issue of eGEMs will be the first of several future issues dedicated to community-wide HIT transformations. PMID:25848627

  1. On recent advances and future research directions for computational fluid dynamics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baker, A. J.; Soliman, M. O.; Manhardt, P. D.

    1986-01-01

    This paper highlights some recent accomplishments regarding CFD numerical algorithm constructions for generation of discrete approximate solutions to classes of Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations. Following an overview of turbulent closure modeling, and development of appropriate conservation law systems, a Taylor weak-statement semi-discrete approximate solution algorithm is developed. Various forms for completion to the final linear algebra statement are cited, as are a range of candidate numerical linear algebra solution procedures. This development sequence emphasizes the key building blocks of a CFD RNS algorithm, including solution trial and test spaces, integration procedure and added numerical stability mechanisms. A range of numerical results are discussed focusing on key topics guiding future research directions.

  2. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV: The Future of Mars Surface Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    The session The Future of Mars Surface Exploration includes the following topics: 1) High Resolution Laser Scanning Techniques for Rock Abrasion and Texture Analyses on Mars and Earth; 2) Definitive Mineralogical Analysis of Mars Analog Rocks Using the CheMin XRD/XRF Instrument; 3) Quantitative Mineralogical Analysis of Mars Analogues Using CHEMIN Data and Rietveld Refinement; 4) In Situ Analytical Strategy for Mars Combining X-Ray and Optical Techniques; 5) In-Situ Dating on Mars: The Potential of OSL Dating; 6) Experiment of Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN): Searching for Water-rich Spots from the Rover on the Surface of Mars; and 7) Developing an Automated Science Analysis System for Mars Surface Exploration for MSL and Beyond.

  3. American Professional Sport Facilities: Considerations for the Future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chad Seifried; Dave Shonk

    2007-01-01

    This work reveals American professional sport facilities impose staggering financial and spatial costs on the surrounding communities and suggests three areas future professional sport facility designers should consider before partaking in future renovations or new construction opportunities. The three areas include reducing the size, considering the environment, and embracing interaction and telecommunication technology. This work supports future American professional sport

  4. Planning for the Future of Geo-Cybereducation: Outcomes of the Workshop, Challenges, and Future Directions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryan, J. G.; Eriksson, S. C.

    2010-12-01

    Inspired by the recommendations of the NSF report “Fostering Learning in the Networked World: The Cyberlearning Opportunity and Challenge” (NSF08204), the NSF National STEM Digital Learning program funded “Planning for the Future of Geocybereducation” Workshop sought to bring together leaders from the geoscience education community, from major geoscience research initiatives, and from the growing public- and private-sector geoscience information community. The objectives of the workshop were to begin conversations aimed at identifying best practices and tools for geoscience cyber-education, in the context of both the changing nature of learners and of rapidly evolving geo-information platforms, and to provide guidance to the NSF as to necessary future directions and needs for funding. 65 participants met and interacted live for the two-day workshop, with ongoing post-meeting virtual interactions via a collaborative workspace (www.geocybered.ning.com). Topics addressed included the rapidly changing character of learners, the growing capabilities of geoscience information systems and their affiliated tools, and effective models for collaboration among educators, researchers and geoinformation specialists. Discussions at the meeting focused on the implications of changing learners on the educational process, the challenges for teachers and administrators in keeping pace, and on the challenges of communication among these divergent professional communities. Ongoing virtual discussions and collaborations have produced a draft workshop document, and the workshop conveners are maintaining the workshop site as a venue for ongoing discussion and interaction. Several key challenges were evident from the workshop discussions and subsequent interactions: a) the development of most of the large geoinformatics and geoscience research efforts were not pursued with education as a significant objective, resulting in limited financial support for such activities after the fact; b) the “playing field” of cybertechnologies relevant to geoscience education, research and informatics changes so rapidly that even committed “players” find that staying current is challenging; c) the scholarly languages of geoscience education, geoscience research, and geoinformatics are different, making easy communication about respective needs and constraints surprisingly difficult; and d) the impact of “everyday” cybertechnologies on learner audiences is profound and (so far) not well addressed by educators. Discussions on these issues are ongoing in a number of other venues.

  5. A Simulated Future Atmospheric Observation Database Including ATOVS, ASCAT, and DWL.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Becker, Bernd Dieter; Roquet, Hervé; Stoffelen, Ad

    1996-10-01

    A database for study of the impact of Doppler wind lidar data on numerical weather prediction in Observation System Simulation Experiments was created. Five Doppler wind lidar scenarios, TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder, Advanced TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder, Advanced Scatterometer, and all conventional observation types with a realistic distribution in time and space have been successfully simulated. A 30-day run of the ECMWF forecast model was used as a physically sound reference state. This "true" atmospheric state was sampled at the observation positions and times. The simulated true variables were mapped onto the "measured" variables, and a mix of random and gross errors with realistic statistical characteristics was added. The simulated observations were validated by comparison with existing data where available.

  6. The future of organic photovoltaics.

    PubMed

    Mazzio, Katherine A; Luscombe, Christine K

    2015-01-01

    Increasing global demand for energy, along with dwindling fossil fuel resources and a better understanding of the hidden costs associated with these energy sources, have spurred substantial political, academic, and industrial interest in alternative energy resources. Photovoltaics based on organic semiconductors have emerged as promising low-cost alternatives for electricity generation that relies on sunlight. In this tutorial review we discuss the relevance of these organic photovoltaics beginning with some of the economic drivers for these technologies. We then examine the basic properties of these devices, including operation and materials requirements, in addition to presenting the development of the field from a historical perspective. Potential future directions are also briefly discussed. This tutorial review is intended to be an essential overview of the progress of the field, in addition to aiding in the discussion of the future of OPV technologies. PMID:25198769

  7. Higgs Studies at Future Facilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barklow, Timothy

    2014-03-01

    The prospects for Higgs studies at future accelerators are reviewed. Detailed studies of the 126 GeV Higgs Boson are presented, including the measurement of the mass, the CP properties, the cross section times branching ratio for several Higgs production mechanisms and decay modes, the total cross section for Higgs production in association with the Z boson, and the invisible Higgs width. The extraction of the Higgs couplings and the total Higgs width from these measurements is examined. In addition, a survey of searches for Higgs Bosons beyond the Standard Model is presented. The following future facilities are considered: the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC), the International Linear Collider (ILC), the Muon Collider (?C), the Triple-Large Electron-Positron Collider (TLEP), and a 100 TeV proton-proton collider (VLHC).

  8. The Future of Theoretical Physics and Cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibbons, G. W.; Shellard, E. P. S.; Rankin, S. J.

    2003-11-01

    Based on lectures given in honor of Stephen Hawking's 60th birthday, this book comprises contributions from the world's leading theoretical physicists. Popular lectures progress to a critical evaluation of more advanced subjects in modern cosmology and theoretical physics. Topics covered include the origin of the universe, warped spacetime, cosmological singularities, quantum gravity, black holes, string theory, quantum cosmology and inflation. The volume provides a fascinating overview of the variety of subjects to which Stephen Hawking has contributed.

  9. The future of research in female pelvic medicine.

    PubMed

    Chao, Jamie; Chai, Toby C

    2015-02-01

    Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) was recently recognized as a subspecialty by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). FPMRS treats female pelvic disorders (FPD) including pelvic organ prolapse (POP), urinary incontinence (UI), fecal incontinence (FI), lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), lower urinary tract infections (UTI), pelvic pain, and female sexual dysfunction (FSD). These conditions affect large numbers of individuals, resulting in significant patient, societal, medical, and financial burdens. Given that treatments utilize both medical and surgical approaches, areas of research in FPD necessarily cover a gamut of topics, ranging from mechanistically driven basic science research to randomized controlled trials. While basic science research is slow to impact clinical care, transformational changes in a field occur through basic investigations. On the other hand, clinical research yields incremental changes to clinical care. Basic research intends to change understanding whereas clinical research intends to change practice. However, the best approach is to incorporate both basic and clinical research into a translational program which makes new discoveries and effects positive changes to clinical practice. This review examines current research in FPD, with focus on translational potential, and ponders the future of FPD research. With a goal of improving the care and outcomes in patients with FPD, a strategic collaboration of stakeholders (patients, advocacy groups, physicians, researchers, professional medical associations, legislators, governmental biomedical research agencies, pharmaceutical companies, and medical device companies) is an absolute requirement in order to generate funding needed for FPD translational research. PMID:25604652

  10. Hierarchical topic segmentation of websites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ravi Kumar; Kunal Punera; Andrew Tomkins

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we consider the problem of identifying and segmenting topically cohesive regions in the URL tree of a large website. Each page of the website is assumed to have a topic label or a distribution on topic labels generated using a standard classifier. We develop a set of cost measures characterizing the benefit accrued by introducing a segmentation

  11. Emerging topics and new developments in the field: the 2012 International Breath Analysis meeting.

    PubMed

    Davis, Cristina E; Epton, Michael; Frank, Matthias; Gryshuk, Amy; Kenyon, Nicholas J

    2013-09-01

    The 2012 International Breath Analysis meeting was held in Sonoma, CA (USA) from 28 October-01 November 2012. The focus of the meeting covered several important topics within the research area, including both engineering and the biomedical sciences. As human breath analysis further develops as a multi-disciplinary field, it is clear that sensor development, instrumentation systems and algorithms play critical roles. Although much emphasis in the last decade has focused on breath biomarker compound identification and physiological relevance, we increasingly turn our attention toward portable, fieldable sensor platforms for non-invasive breath monitoring. The mission of this workshop was to assemble a group of leading experts to discuss their own research, debate trends and future directions of the field, and contemplate areas of research that deserve special attention moving forward. PMID:23999878

  12. Feeding a future world.

    PubMed

    Hinrichsen, D

    1998-01-01

    This article provides an overview of future prospects for feeding the world's growing population. The discussion focuses on obstacles such as limited agricultural land, degraded soil and water, and water shortages. The evidence suggests that sustainability is declining, especially in poor, food-deficit countries with growing populations. The world is segregated into the haves, the poor have-nots, and the rich have-nots. North America, Europe, and Australia have enough cropland to feed their populations. The poor have-nots are located mostly in sub-Saharan Africa, 7 countries each in the Middle East and Latin America, 6 in Oceania, and the rest in Central and South Asia. The poor have-nots amount to 3 billion out of 6 billion total population. The rich have-nots include countries such as Japan and Singapore, plus China, Indonesia, Peru, Chile, and Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states. The rich have-nots must import food. The world grain harvest is no longer tripling. Per person yields have declined. Increasing food productivity must rely on existing lands. The size of family farms has declined. Almost 2 billion hectares of crop and grazing land is degraded. Yields from irrigated land that are 33% of world food supply have declined. In 1990, 28 countries with 335 million people faced chronic water shortages or scarcity. Water is being polluted. Fish stocks are being depleted. Genetic diversity is being lost. In 182 food deficit countries, population growth must be slowed, and agriculture must be sustainable. Food is neither produced nor consumed equitably. Malnutrition is caused by poverty. Food security cannot be achieved if land and water become increasingly degraded or lost. PMID:12348766

  13. The MY NASA DATA Project: Preparing Future Earth and Environmental Scientists, and Future Citizens

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chambers, L. H.; Phelps, C. S.; Phipps, M.; Holzer, M.; Daugherty, P.; Poling, E.; Vanderlaan, S.; Oots, P. C.; Moore, S. W.; Diones, D. D.

    2008-12-01

    For the past 5 years, the MY NASA DATA (MND) project at NASA Langley has developed and adapted tools and materials aimed at enabling student access to real NASA Earth science satellite data. These include web visualization tools including Google Earth capabilities, but also GPS and graphing calculator exercises, Excel spreadsheet analyses, and more. The project team, NASA scientists, and over 80 classroom science teachers from around the country, have created over 85 lesson plans and science fair project ideas that demonstrate NASA satellite data use in the classroom. With over 150 Earth science parameters to choose from, the MND Live Access Server enables scientific inquiry on numerous interconnected Earth and environmental science topics about the Earth system. Teachers involved in the project report a number of benefits, including networking with other teachers nationwide who emphasize data collection and analysis in the classroom, as well as learning about other NASA resources and programs for educators. They also indicate that the MND website enhances the inquiry process and facilitates the formation of testable questions by students (a task that is typically difficult for students to do). MND makes science come alive for students because it allows them to develop their own questions using the same data scientists use. MND also provides educators with a rich venue for science practice skills, which are often overlooked in traditional curricula as teachers concentrate on state and national standards. A teacher in a disadvantaged school reports that her students are not exposed to many educational experiences outside the classroom. MND allows inner city students to be a part of NASA directly. They are able to use the same information that scientists are using and this gives them inspiration. In all classrooms, the MND microsets move students out of their local area to explore global data and then zoom back into their homes realizing that they are a part of the global Earth System. These armchair explorers learn to unite datasets in a region to learn about places like and unlike where they live. In a world that's becoming smaller and smaller with the aid of technology, projects like MND prepare our students for their global future. A teacher located in an area of California strongly impacted by pollution and potential climate changes noted that this project makes available data that are very relevant to issues that will affect her students' lives. She points out that not all scientific information they currently see is in a form that is understandable to an educated citizen, and that the experience with MND will enable her students to have better than average skills not only for deciphering scientific maps and graphs; but also for creating maps and graphics that successfully convey information to others.

  14. A Review of Topical Diclofenac Use in Musculoskeletal Disease

    PubMed Central

    Nair, Bindu; Taylor-Gjevre, Regina

    2010-01-01

    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly prescribed medications for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in humans and its prevalence rises with age. Oral NSAIDs have potential associated toxicities that must be monitored for and can limit the use of these drugs in certain populations including people of older age. Topical NSAIDs are now being recognized as an option for the treatment strategy of osteoarthritis. We review the efficacy and safety of one of the most common topical NSAIDS, topical diclofenac, for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

  15. Batteries for future aircraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gross, Sidney

    The general requirements for future aircraft batteries are summarized, and primary and secondary battery requirements for primary and secondary batteries in such aircraft are examined. The greater use of primary batteries as compared to secondary batteries in future aircraft will permit the use of self-contained avionics with low power levels. The much greater energy density and shelf life of primary batteries should allow redundancy to be standard practice. Safety problems associated with primary batteries will have to be resolved. In secondary batteries, conventional aircraft Ni-Cd secondary batteries may be largely replaced by improved types. Solid polymer electrolyte batteries and bipolar batteries should have an important future.

  16. Future fuels from Montana

    SciTech Connect

    Buchsbaum, L.

    2006-04-15

    To make America less dependent on foreign oil, Montana Governor Brain Schweitzer pushes for investment in synfuel technology. He advocates coal as the 'new fuel' for cars and believes synfuels from coal can bridge the gap between the petroleum economy of the past and the hydrogen economy of the future. He is pushing for a 'Future Fuels' project to form a public-private partnership to build 20 coal conversion, synfuel manufacturing plants. This could contribute to making the USA energy self-sufficient, more quickly than the FutureGen project, he believes.

  17. Tender Topics: Exploring Sensitive Issues with Pre-K through First Grade Children through Read-Alouds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mankiw, Sue; Strasser, Janis

    2013-01-01

    The topics including bullying, family diversity, homelessness, disabilities, and incarceration are often referred to as "tender topics." They can be difficult for teachers to explain to or discuss with children. In their work with children, families, and teachers, the authors have seen that it is not necessarily the topic that makes conversations…

  18. Advanced Ceramic Materials for Future Aerospace Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Misra, Ajay

    2015-01-01

    With growing trend toward higher temperature capabilities, lightweight, and multifunctionality, significant advances in ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) will be required for future aerospace applications. The presentation will provide an overview of material requirements for future aerospace missions, and the role of ceramics and CMCs in meeting those requirements. Aerospace applications will include gas turbine engines, aircraft structure, hypersonic and access to space vehicles, space power and propulsion, and space communication.

  19. Feminist Theology as Practice of the Future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel Muers

    2007-01-01

    Does feminist theology have a future? This article explores the practices and methods of feminist theology as inherently future-oriented, attentive to the other and hence destabilizing of fixed identities-including fixed feminist or theological identities. I propose that the concern of third-wave feminism with the ways in which images of women and femininity are produced, reproduced and distributed can be taken

  20. Fit between Future Thinking and Future Orientation on Creative Imagination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiu, Fa-Chung

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the current study is to investigate the impact of future thinking, and the fit between future thinking and future orientation on creative thinking. In Study 1, 83 undergraduates were randomly assigned to three groups: 50-year future thinking, 5-year future thinking, and the present-day thinking. First, the priming tasks, in which…

  1. Opportunities in the Fusion Energy Sciences Program [Includes Appendix C: Topical Areas Characterization

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1999-06-01

    Recent years have brought dramatic advances in the scientific understanding of fusion plasmas and in the generation of fusion power in the laboratory. Today, there is little doubt that fusion energy production is feasible. The challenge is to make fusion energy practical. As a result of the advances of the last few years, there are now exciting opportunities to optimize fusion systems so that an attractive new energy source will be available when it may be needed in the middle of the next century. The risk of conflicts arising from energy shortages and supply cutoffs, as well as the risk of severe environmental impacts from existing methods of energy production, are among the reasons to pursue these opportunities.

  2. Topic in Depth - Antimatter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    For every action there is a reaction, for every plus there is a minus, and for every matter there is wellâ?¦antimatter. This topic in depth tackles the complex concept of antimatter, from the Big Bang to solar explosions and the technology to detect it.

  3. Transportation: Topic Paper E.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on the Handicapped, Washington, DC.

    As one of a series of topic papers assessing federal laws and programs affecting persons with disabilities, this paper reviews the issue of transportation services. In the area of urban mass transit, four relevant pieces of legislation and public transportation accessibility regulations are cited, and cost issues are explored. Paratransit systems,…

  4. Topic in Depth - Telematics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Often used in mobile telephony, vehicle tracking, online navigation, and emergency assistance, the design of wireless systems for the collection and dissemination of data is known as telematics. This Topic in Depth offers definitions, research information, and the uses of the technology in industry.

  5. Hot topics in noise

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael R. Stinson

    2003-01-01

    Our world continues to be a noisy place and the challenge to ``increase and diffuse knowledge of noise propagation, passive and active noise control, and the effects of noise'' remains. In the last several years, noise in the classroom has emerged as one of the hotter topics: Considerable progress has been made in the underpinning research, the formulation of recommendations,

  6. Topics for Mathematics Clubs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalton, LeRoy C., Ed.; Snyder, Henry D., Ed.

    The ten chapters in this booklet cover topics not ordinarily discussed in the classroom: Fibonacci sequences, projective geometry, groups, infinity and transfinite numbers, Pascal's Triangle, topology, experiments with natural numbers, non-Euclidean geometries, Boolean algebras, and the imaginary and the infinite in geometry. Each chapter is…

  7. Topical Heparin: New Observations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. R. Cesarone; G. Belcaro; S. Errichi; U. Cornelli; L. Pellegrini; I. Ruffini; B. M. Errichi; A. Ledda; G. Vinciguerra; A. Ricci; G. Gizzi; E. Ippolito; F. Fano; M. Dugall; M. Cacchio; A. Di Renzo; M. Hosoi; M. G. Grossi; S. Stuard; M. Corsi

    2007-01-01

    Topical effects of heparins on the skin need deeper investigations. The lack of evidence is mainly due to the lack of large investments in this field. Three main local actions of heparin on the skin can be defined: (a) the anticoagulant action, (b) the microcirculatory-modulatory action determining important control of the microcirculation in case of excessive vasoconstriction or vasodilatation, and

  8. Current and future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Johansen; Cyril Nair

    1998-01-01

    Objectives This article provides an overview of patients who were hospitalized in 1993\\/94 because of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and projects how many AMI patients there could be in the future.

  9. Students are our future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-05-01

    It is not an overstatement to say that the future of optics and photonics lies in the hands of students. Every little investment, be it intellectual or financial, can potentially yield immeasurable returns.

  10. Phasing in Future Teachers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Amanda L. Stephenson

    2002-11-01

    All college science students, especially those who will become science teachers, need an understanding of scientific inquiry and effective ways to teach it. Phasing is an effective approach for training future science teachers in inquiry-based teaching.

  11. Hot Topics in Cold Gases

    E-print Network

    Robert Seiringer

    2009-08-25

    Since the first experimental realization of Bose-Einstein condensation in cold atomic gases in 1995 there has been a surge of activity in this field. Ingenious experiments have allowed us to probe matter close to zero temperature and reveal some of the fascinating effects quantum mechanics has bestowed on nature. It is a challenge for mathematical physicists to understand these various phenomena from first principles, that is, starting from the underlying many-body Schr\\"odinger equation. Recent progress in this direction concerns mainly equilibrium properties of dilute, cold quantum gases. We shall explain some of the results in this article, and describe the mathematics involved in understanding these phenomena. Topics include the ground state energy and the free energy at positive temperature, the effect of interparticle interaction on the critical temperature for Bose-Einstein condensation, as well as the occurrence of superfluidity and quantized vortices in rapidly rotating gases.

  12. Including multicultural education in science education: Definitions, competencies, and activities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary M. Atwater

    1989-01-01

    Conclusion  Overall, too few science teachers are being prepared in this country, and ethnic minority students are rarely enrolling in\\u000a science teacher education programs. Thus, it is particularly important that multicultural education be included in science\\u000a teacher education programs. I do not believe that science teacher educators will be able to prepare significantly more minority\\u000a science teachers in the near future

  13. Strategies to reduce indoor tanning: current research gaps and future opportunities for prevention.

    PubMed

    Holman, Dawn M; Fox, Kathleen A; Glenn, Jeffrey D; Guy, Gery P; Watson, Meg; Baker, Katie; Cokkinides, Vilma; Gottlieb, Mark; Lazovich, DeAnn; Perna, Frank M; Sampson, Blake P; Seidenberg, Andrew B; Sinclair, Craig; Geller, Alan C

    2013-06-01

    Exposure to ultraviolet radiation from indoor tanning device use is associated with an increased risk of skin cancer, including risk of malignant melanoma, and is an urgent public health problem. By reducing indoor tanning, future cases of skin cancer could be prevented, along with the associated morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. On August 20, 2012, the CDC hosted a meeting to discuss the current body of evidence on strategies to reduce indoor tanning as well as research gaps. Using the Action Model to Achieve Healthy People 2020 Overarching Goals as a framework, the current paper provides highlights on the topics that were discussed, including (1) the state of the evidence on strategies to reduce indoor tanning; (2) the tools necessary to effectively assess, monitor, and evaluate the short- and long-term impact of interventions designed to reduce indoor tanning; and (3) strategies to align efforts at the national, state, and local levels through transdisciplinary collaboration and coordination across multiple sectors. Although many challenges and barriers exist, a coordinated, multilevel, transdisciplinary approach has the potential to reduce indoor tanning and prevent future cases of skin cancer. PMID:23683986

  14. FUTURE CLIMATE ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect

    R.M. Forester

    2000-03-14

    This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) documents an analysis that was performed to estimate climatic variables for the next 10,000 years by forecasting the timing and nature of climate change at Yucca Mountain (YM), Nevada (Figure l), the site of a potential repository for high-level radioactive waste. The future-climate estimates are based on an analysis of past-climate data from analog meteorological stations, and this AMR provides the rationale for the selection of these analog stations. The stations selected provide an upper and a lower climate bound for each future climate, and the data from those sites will provide input to the infiltration model (USGS 2000) and for the total system performance assessment for the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) at YM. Forecasting long-term future climates, especially for the next 10,000 years, is highly speculative and rarely attempted. A very limited literature exists concerning the subject, largely from the British radioactive waste disposal effort. The discussion presented here is one method, among many, of establishing upper and lower bounds for future climate estimates. The method used here involves selecting a particular past climate from many past climates, as an analog for future climate. Other studies might develop a different rationale or select other past climates resulting in a different future climate analog.

  15. Future directions in aeropropulsion technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saunders, N. T.; Glassman, A. J.

    1985-01-01

    Future directions in aeropropulsion technology that have been identified in a series of studies recently sponsored by the U.S. Government are discussed. Advanced vehicle concepts that could become possible by the turn of the century are presented along with some of their projected capabilities. Key building-block propulsion technologies that will contribute to making these vehicle concepts a reality are discussed along with projections of their status by the year 2000. Some pertinent highlights of the NASA aeropropulsion program are included in the discussion.

  16. Microlensing: Prospects for the Future

    E-print Network

    Andrew Gould

    1996-11-18

    Four ongoing microlensing experiments have produced important new results but also big puzzles, the major one being that the expected classes of lenses cannot account for the observed distribution of time scales. I discuss future experiments that could resolve these puzzles. By far the most important would be to launch a parallax satellite into solar orbit. I also discuss a number of non-dark-matter applications of microlensing, including searching for planets, measuring the rotation speeds of giant stars, and imaging a black hole at the center of a quasar.

  17. Global Warming and Our Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    M Bahr

    2006-11-04

    What is the Evidence for Global Warming? What is causing it? Should we care? Could it affect our future? What can we do about it? What is Global Warming? Watch the movie on Global Warming EPA Kid pages on global warming Includes FLASH animations from the US Environmental Protection Agency. Its on the Kids Site under \\"Climate Animations\\" Take the Quiz on Global Warming at the end of the movie What is the Evidence for Global Warming? Introduction to Graphing: Watch this Graph of projected Cllimate change flash ...

  18. Research Center for Future Strategy

    E-print Network

    Kim, Yong Jung

    #12;#12;#12;02 06 10 24 CONTENTS #12;40 42 KAIST Research Center for Future Strategy #12;6 KAIST Research Center for Future Strategy STEPPER Society #12;See Futures : The Quarterly Magazine 7 #12;8 KAIST Research Center for Future Strategy #12;See Futures : The Quarterly Magazine 9 #12;10 KAIST Research Center

  19. Photodamage: treatments and topicals for facial skin.

    PubMed

    Visscher, Marty O; Pan, Brian S; Kitzmiller, W John

    2013-02-01

    This article provides an overview of current therapies for photodamaged facial skin and their efficacy, with particular focus on studies that use the objective, quantitative evaluation methods discussed in the previous article. The role of topically applied agents including prescription drugs and cosmetics is discussed. From this information, a schema for the relative effectiveness of therapeutic modalities in reducing perceived age is presented. This information assists the facial plastic surgeon in evaluating patient expectations and selecting the most effective program. PMID:23369590

  20. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults

    PubMed Central

    Massey, Thomas; Derry, Sheena; Moore, R Andrew; McQuay, Henry J

    2014-01-01

    Background Use of topical NSAIDs to treat acute musculoskeletal conditions is widely accepted in some parts of the world, but not in others. Their main attraction is their potential to provide pain relief without associated systemic adverse events. Objectives To review the evidence from randomised, double-blind, controlled trials on the efficacy and safety of topically applied NSAIDs in acute pain. Search methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, and our own in-house database to December 2009. We sought unpublished studies by asking personal contacts and searching on-line clinical trial registers and manufacturers web sites. Selection criteria We included randomised, double-blind, active or placebo (inert carrier)-controlled trials in which treatments were administered to adult patients with acute pain resulting from strains, sprains or sports or overuse-type injuries (twisted ankle, for instance). There had to be at least 10 participants in each treatment arm, with application of treatment at least once daily. Data collection and analysis Two review authors independently assessed trial quality and validity, and extracted data. Numbers of participants achieving each outcome were used to calculate relative risk and numbers needed to treat (NNT) or harm (NNH) compared to placebo or other active treatment. Main results Forty-seven studies were included; most compared topical NSAIDs in the form of a gel, spray, or cream with a similar placebo, with 3455 participants in the overall analysis of efficacy. For all topical NSAIDs combined, compared with placebo, the number needed to treat to benefit (NNT) for clinical success, equivalent to 50% pain relief, was 4.5 (3.9 to 5.3) for treatment periods of 6 to 14 days. Topical diclofenac, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, and piroxicam were of similar efficacy, but indomethacin and benzydamine were not significantly better than placebo. Local skin reactions were generally mild and transient, and did not differ from placebo. There were very few systemic adverse events or withdrawals due to adverse events. There were insufficient data to reliably compare individual topical NSAIDs with each other or the same oral NSAID. Authors’ conclusions Topical NSAIDs can provide good levels of pain relief, without the systemic adverse events associated with oral NSAIDs, when used to treat acute musculoskeletal conditions. PMID:20556778

  1. Reference Librarians/Educators: Visions of the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rockman, Ilene F.; Watstein, Sarah B.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses values that have shaped and guided the profession of reference librarian and portrays the rigors of working at a general reference desk. Topics include information overload; demands of the information age; societal trends; new technologies; training; and role reconsideration for the librarian, including teacher, information provider, and…

  2. Preparing for the Technological Future: A Journey of Discovery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowry, Charles B.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses how information technology and information retrieval may be used to build the virtual library, based on examples from Carnegie-Mellon University. Topics include information technology infrastructure, including distributed computing; Boolean searching; natural language processing; navigating the Internet; and prototypes and problems at…

  3. Panel Session on the Future of Few-Body Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bakker, Bernard L. G.; Carbonell, Jaume; Elster, Charlotte; Epelbaum, Evgeny; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, Nasser; Richard, Jean-Marc

    2014-08-01

    During the 22nd European Few-Body Conference, a session was devoted to a panel discussion on the future of few-body physics. The panel members were Charlotte Elster, Jaume Carbonell, Evgeny Epelbaum, Nasser Kalantar-Nayestanaki, and Jean-Marc Richard. The session was chaired by Ben Bakker. After presentations by the panel members, several topics were discussed with the audience. The conclusions of this discussion are presented in this paper.

  4. Proceedings of the First National Workshop on the Global Weather Experiment: Current Achievements and Future Directions, volume 2, part 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    Topics covered include: data systems and quality; analysis and assimilation techniques; impacts on forecasts; tropical forecasts; analysis intercomparisons; improvements in predictability; and heat sources and sinks.

  5. Action Principle for Hydrodynamics and Thermodynamics including general, rotational flows

    E-print Network

    Christian Frønsdal

    2014-09-28

    The restriction of hydrodynamics to non-viscous, potential (gradient, irrotational) flows is a theory both simple and elegant; a favorite topic of introductory textbooks. It is known that this theory can be formulated as an action principle and expanded to include thermodynamicics. This paper presents an action principle for hydrodynamics that includes general, rotational flows. The new theory is a combination of Eulerian and Lagrangian hydrodynamics, with an extension to thermodynamics that includes all the elements of the Gibbsean variational principle. In the first place it is an action principle for adiabatic systems, including the usual conservation laws. Viscosity can be introduced in the usual way, by adding a dissipative term to the momentum equation. The equation for energy dissipation then follows. It is an ideal framework for the description of quasi-static processes, including dissipation. It is a major development of the Navier-Stokes-Fourier approach, the principal advantage being a hamiltonian structure with a natural concept of energy in the form of a first integral of the motion, conserved by virtue of the Euler-Lagrange equations.

  6. Modular Wiring Offers Cost Savings and Future Flexibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewald, Mike; Ewald, Ann O'Connor

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the advantages of modular wiring, a prefabricated wiring system that replaces branch circuits in buildings. Advantages include on-site and day-to-day labor savings, and future technology cost advantages. Includes questions to ask manufacturers. (EV)

  7. Future of Fuel Savings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hughes, David

    2004-01-01

    Using automation to free up controllers for more strategic management of air traffic is one approach being studied by NASA as it seeks to boost airspace system capacity and efficiency, thereby saving fuel. Heinz Erzberger, a NASA Ames Research Center senior scientist, says the Advanced Airspace Concept (AAC) has been studied for several years. It could increase efficiency 15% by providing optimal routes that cut airlines direct operating costs. A 25% increase in landings on existing runways could follow an important benefit. AAC is one of the efforts to be reviewed by the Joint Planning and Development Organization, an FAA-led initiative by six federal agencies to redesign the U.S. air transportation system by 2025. The main goal is to triple air traffic capacity within 20 years to avert the sort of gridlock that would make fuel consumption only one of many travel nightmares. The automated system approach would allow aircraft to fly optimal trajectories. A trajectory would be defined in the standard three dimensions and eventually include the fourth, time. The management of air traffic by the data-linked exchange of trajectories would start at high altitude and eventually move down to lower altitudes. The automated concept is an outgrowth of the type of tools developed by NASA for use by FAA controllers in managing traffic flows over the years, including ones that optimize routings for the best fuel burn. But AAC would push automation further to reduce workload so controllers can focus on "solving strategic control problems, managing traffic flow during changing weather and ... other unusal events." One key component, the automated trajectory server (ATS), is a ground systems that would rely on software to manage flight path requests from aircrews and controllers. But, Erzberger acknowledges, "The FAA's current plan for upgrades to air traffic services does not include [allowing] the future ground system to issue separation-critical clearances of trajectory changes autonomously to aircraft via data link without explicit approval of a controller," as the AAC proposes. The AAC enables pilots or controllers to data link requests for a trajectory change to the ATS for approval after they are deconflicted with the paths of other aircraft. To divert around storms, for example, pilots could data link their trajectory preference to the ATS. Since several aircraft might request similar routes, the computer would then have to suggest alternatives. This could be accomplished without pilot-controller radio calls, a big bottleneck now. The ATS would have a built-in conflict monitor to call for a resolution (turn, climb or descend), when loss of separation is likely in 1-20 min. The AAC system would reduce controller errors by 90%, according to NASA Ames estimates. The AAC would have a back-up program to assure separation-Tactical Separation Assurance (TSAFE). It s designed to detect short-term traffic conflicts within 3-4 min. of loss of separation. The last line of defense would still be provided by traffic alert & collision avoidance systems (TCAS).

  8. Future Climate Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    James Houseworth

    2001-10-12

    This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) documents an analysis that was performed to estimate climatic variables for the next 10,000 years by forecasting the timing and nature of climate change at Yucca Mountain (YM), Nevada (Figure 1), the site of a potential repository for high-level radioactive waste. The future-climate estimates are based on an analysis of past-climate data from analog meteorological stations, and this AMR provides the rationale for the selection of these analog stations. The stations selected provide an upper and a lower climate bound for each future climate, and the data from those sites will provide input to the infiltration model (USGS 2000) and for the total system performance assessment for the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) at YM. Forecasting long-term future climates, especially for the next 10,000 years, is highly speculative and rarely attempted. A very limited literature exists concerning the subject, largely from the British radioactive waste disposal effort. The discussion presented here is one method, among many, of establishing upper and lower bounds for future climate estimates. The method used here involves selecting a particular past climate from many past climates, as an analog for future climate. Other studies might develop a different rationale or select other past climates resulting in a different future climate analog. Revision 00 of this AMR was prepared in accordance with the ''Work Direction and Planning Document for Future Climate Analysis'' (Peterman 1999) under Interagency Agreement DE-AI08-97NV12033 with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The planning document for the technical scope, content, and management of ICN 01 of this AMR is the ''Technical Work Plan for Unsaturated Zone (UZ) Flow and Transport Process Model Report'' (BSC 2001a). The scope for the TBV resolution actions in this ICN is described in the ''Technical Work Plan for: Integrated Management of Technical Product Input Department''. (BSC 2001b, Addendum B, Section 4.1).

  9. Future Accelerators, Muon Colliders, and Neutrino Factories

    SciTech Connect

    Richard A Carrigan, Jr.

    2001-12-19

    Particle physics is driven by five great topics. Neutrino oscillations and masses are now at the fore. The standard model with extensions to supersymmetry and a Higgs to generate mass explains much of the field. The origins of CP violation are not understood. The possibility of extra dimensions has raised tantalizing new questions. A fifth topic lurking in the background is the possibility of something totally different. Many of the questions raised by these topics require powerful new accelerators. It is not an overstatement to say that for some of the issues, the accelerator is almost the experiment. Indeed some of the questions require machines beyond our present capability. As this volume attests, there are parts of the particle physics program that have been significantly advanced without the use of accelerators such as the subject of neutrino oscillations and many aspects of the particle-cosmology interface. At this stage in the development of physics, both approaches are needed and important. This chapter first reviews the status of the great accelerator facilities now in operation or coming on within the decade. Next, midrange possibilities are discussed including linear colliders with the adjunct possibility of gamma-gamma colliders, muon colliders, with precursor neutrino factories, and very large hadron colliders. Finally visionary possibilities are considered including plasma and laser accelerators.

  10. Population and Human Development: A Course Curriculum Including Lesson Plans, Activities, and Bibliography. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Elaine M.; Long, Alison T.

    This course outline suggests materials and learning activities on the interrelated causes and consequences of population growth and other population matters. The document describes 15 class sessions which integrate information for sociology, anthropology, psychology, biology, animal behavior, and education. Topics include the history of human…

  11. Your contest entry must be made entirely by you and include

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yuqing

    Your contest entry must be made entirely by you and include: CREATE ONE OF THESE: POSTER CONTEST SOEST Open House 2011 POSTER CONTEST SOEST Open House 2011 Connected to Island Earth The ocean serves created image of one of the three contest topics. 2. A description of what your poster represents and how

  12. PREFACE: CEWQO Topical Issue CEWQO Topical Issue

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bozic, Mirjana; Man'ko, Margarita

    2009-09-01

    This topical issue of Physica Scripta collects selected peer-reviewed contributions based on invited and contributed talks and posters presented at the 15th Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics (CEWQO) which took place in Belgrade 29 May-3 June 2008 (http://cewqo08.phy.bg.ac.yu). On behalf of the whole community took place in Belgrade 29 May-3 June 2008 (http://cewqo08.phy.bg.ac.yu, cewqo08.phy.bg.ac.yu). On behalf of the whole community of the workshop, we thank the referees for their careful reading and useful suggestions which helped to improve all of the submitted papers. A brief description of CEWQO The Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics is a series of conferences started informally in Budapest in 1992. Sometimes small events transform into important conferences, as in the case of CEWQO. Professor Jozsef Janszky, from the Research Institute of Solid State Physics and Optics, is the founder of this series. Margarita Man'ko obtained the following information from Jozsef Janszky during her visit to Budapest, within the framework of cooperation between the Russian and Hungarian Academies of Sciences in 2005. He organized a small workshop on quantum optics in Budapest in 1992 with John Klauder as a main speaker. Then, bearing in mind that a year before Janszky himself was invited by Vladimir Buzek to give a seminar on the same topic in Bratislava, he decided to assign the name 'Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics', considering the seminar in Bratislava to be the first workshop and the one in Budapest the second. The third formal workshop took place in Bratislava in 1993 organized by Vladimir Buzek, then in 1994 (Budapest, by Jozsef Janszky), 1995 and 1996 (Budmerice, Slovakia, by Vladimir Buzek), 1997 (Prague, by Igor Jex), 1999 (Olomouc, Czech Republic, by Zdenek Hradil), 2000 (Balatonfüred, Hungary, by Jozsef Janszky ), 2001 (Prague, by Igor Jex), 2002 (Szeged, Hungary, by Mihaly Benedict), 2003 (Rostock,Germany, by Werner Vogel and Sascha Wallentowitz), 2004 (Trieste, Italy, by Naseem Rahman and Sascha Wallentowitz), 2005 (Bilkent, Ankara, by Alexander Shumovsky), 2006 (Vienna, by Helmut Rauch), 2007 (Palermo, Italy, by Antonino Messina) and 2008 (Belgrade, by Mirjana Bozic). The CEWQO series developed in two directions following the rapid development of quantum optics and the transitional development of the scientific collaboration of Central European researchers with researchers from old and new emerging Central European countries, and from all over the world. The topics discussed at CEWQO 08 were divided into ten groups that aimed to cover the broad scope of modern quantum optics: Fundamental aspects of quantum optics and quantum mechanics Single photons and photon pairs Cavity and circuit QED Atoms in intense fields Neutron, atom and molecular quantum optics Quantum gases and fluids Coherence, entanglement and decoherence Optical properties of condensed matter and nanostructures Open quantum systems and chaos Quantum information processing Central European Workshops on Quantum Optics realize and are consistent with a wider idea, and a social, economical, cultural and political program promoted since 1989 by the Central European Initiative (CEI), the main goal of which was to help transition countries in Central Europe to become closer to the EU. The resulting support of the CEI, first obtained thanks to the scientific reputation, organizing activities, and efforts of Helmut Rauch, has been very important for the organization of the CEWQO in recent years, particularly in 2008. The support of the Sixth and Seventh Framework Programs of the European Commission was also very important. A short review of papers in this topical issue A principal role in this topical issue is played by the photon. Vuletic et al describe the mapping of the photon-polarization state onto a single collective-spin excitation (magnon) shared between two atomic ensembles. A heralded quantum memory based on this mapping is demonstrated. Dodonov derives a formula which predicts a photon generation rate in a cavity due to

  13. Alternative futures lesson

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dan Zalles

    Alternative futures studies are a valuable yet resource-intensive way in which environmental scientists try to conduct informed debates about policies for specific geographic regions. These studies require modeling what the future would look like if different stakeholder groups had their way. The modeling is carried out by applying historical trend data to future projections that are rooted in the preferences of the different groups. Alternative future studies can be controversial due to the limitations of modeling and to the extent to which the models represent fully the different possible scenarios. Yet, they can be especially valuable for decision making about which areas in the region would be most appropriate and most acceptable for the applications of different policies such as development and restoration. Through a series of hands-on classroom activities that are the culmination of a variety of field trips, case studies, and analyses of GIS data about river systems and river restoration options, the students build deep understanding about what alternative futures studies entail and what are the applications of such studies to specific rivers in the Puget Sound area.

  14. Cooperating with the future.

    PubMed

    Hauser, Oliver P; Rand, David G; Peysakhovich, Alexander; Nowak, Martin A

    2014-07-10

    Overexploitation of renewable resources today has a high cost on the welfare of future generations. Unlike in other public goods games, however, future generations cannot reciprocate actions made today. What mechanisms can maintain cooperation with the future? To answer this question, we devise a new experimental paradigm, the 'Intergenerational Goods Game'. A line-up of successive groups (generations) can each either extract a resource to exhaustion or leave something for the next group. Exhausting the resource maximizes the payoff for the present generation, but leaves all future generations empty-handed. Here we show that the resource is almost always destroyed if extraction decisions are made individually. This failure to cooperate with the future is driven primarily by a minority of individuals who extract far more than what is sustainable. In contrast, when extractions are democratically decided by vote, the resource is consistently sustained. Voting is effective for two reasons. First, it allows a majority of cooperators to restrain defectors. Second, it reassures conditional cooperators that their efforts are not futile. Voting, however, only promotes sustainability if it is binding for all involved. Our results have implications for policy interventions designed to sustain intergenerational public goods. PMID:25008530

  15. Dave Young's Chemical Topics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Young, David C., 1964-

    This collection of articles from Dave Young of Cytoclonal Pharmaceutics covers select topics in computational chemistry (e.g., molecular vibrations, pharmaceuticals, spin contamination), magnetochemistry, states of matter, and Gaussian, Mopac, and Unix computer languages. The articles are plucked from Young's publication Computational Chemistry: A Practical Guide for Applying Techniques to Real World Problems, scheduled to be published by John Wiley & Sons this spring. the articles are intended to be introductory and don't go into topics in depth, but some of the discussions are actually fairly advanced. The introductory section features a nice discussion of the terms "theoretical" and "computational" chemistry, with a warning of the pitfalls of relying too much on strictly computational methods. This is an interesting, informative resource for teachers of college-level chemistry.

  16. Topics In Primitive Roots

    E-print Network

    N. A. Carella

    2015-03-12

    This monograph considers a few topics in the theory of primitive roots g(p) modulo a prime p>=2. A few estimates of the least primitive roots g(p) and the least prime primitive roots g^*(p) modulo p, a large prime, are determined. One of the estimate here seems to sharpen the Burgess estimate g(p) 0, to the smaller estimate g(p) 2. The expected order of magnitude is g(p) 1 constant. The corresponding estimates for least prime primitive roots g^*(p) are slightly higher. Anotrher topic deals with an effective lower bound #{p > x/log x for the number of primes p 1. The current results in the literature claim the lower bound #{p > x/(log x)^2, and have restrictions on the minimal number of fixed integers to three or more.

  17. College Coursework on Children's Play and Future Early Childhood Educators' Intended Practices: The Mediating Influence of Perceptions of Play

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Eunjoo; Jin, Bora

    2015-01-01

    Research on the role of play coursework in future professionals' integration of play in education is essential in the colleges where future professionals are trained. However, the literature on this topic is very thin. It remains unclear whether college coursework on children's play is related to students' intentions to integrate play in early…

  18. Diversity Issues Addressed in MSE Secondary Education Course Topics

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    , and learning strategies. Students discuss possible research projects including topics that connect to diversity matters in the classroom. EDSC 536 Curriculum Theory and Development How schools have included or excluded diverse (with respect to language, ability, ableness, gender, culture, ethnicity, sexual orientation

  19. Electrical futures past.

    PubMed

    Gooday, Graeme J N

    2005-12-01

    Futurist writing about technology emerged in the late 19th century at the same time as new kinds of electrical technology were making utopian futures seem practically attainable. Electrical writers and novelists alike thus borrowed from the popular "science" fiction of Jules Verne, Edward Bellamy and others to try to create self-fulfilling prophecies of a future in which electrical gadgets and machines met all major practical needs of civilization. To the extent that many parts of our world are populated by the hardware that they forecast, they succeeded in their goal. PMID:16271766

  20. Discovering Health Topics in Social Media Using Topic Models

    PubMed Central

    Paul, Michael J.; Dredze, Mark

    2014-01-01

    By aggregating self-reported health statuses across millions of users, we seek to characterize the variety of health information discussed in Twitter. We describe a topic modeling framework for discovering health topics in Twitter, a social media website. This is an exploratory approach with the goal of understanding what health topics are commonly discussed in social media. This paper describes in detail a statistical topic model created for this purpose, the Ailment Topic Aspect Model (ATAM), as well as our system for filtering general Twitter data based on health keywords and supervised classification. We show how ATAM and other topic models can automatically infer health topics in 144 million Twitter messages from 2011 to 2013. ATAM discovered 13 coherent clusters of Twitter messages, some of which correlate with seasonal influenza (r?=?0.689) and allergies (r?=?0.810) temporal surveillance data, as well as exercise (r?=?.534) and obesity (r?=??.631) related geographic survey data in the United States. These results demonstrate that it is possible to automatically discover topics that attain statistically significant correlations with ground truth data, despite using minimal human supervision and no historical data to train the model, in contrast to prior work. Additionally, these results demonstrate that a single general-purpose model can identify many different health topics in social media. PMID:25084530

  1. Environmental Sustainability - Including Land and Water Use

    EPA Science Inventory

    Assessments of environmental sustainability can be conducted in many ways with one of the most quantitative methods including Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA). While historically LCIA has included a comprehensive list of impact categories including: ozone depletion, global c...

  2. Immunomodulation and Safety of Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors for the Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Hultsch; Alexander Kapp; Jonathan Spergel

    2005-01-01

    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic or chronically relapsing inflammatory skin condition that primarily affects children. Topical corticosteroids have been the mainstay of treatment since the late 1950s. While providing excellent short-term efficacy, topical corticosteroid usage is limited by potential adverse effects, including impairment of the function and viability of Langerhans cells\\/dendritic cells. The recently introduced topical calcineurin inhibitors pimecrolimus

  3. Young blood vital to sector's future.

    PubMed

    Baillie, Jonathan

    2013-02-01

    Last month's HEJ saw editor, Jonathan Baillie, report on 'the first half' of a recent roundtable debate staged jointly in London by IHEEM and multidisciplinary engineering consultancy, Crofton Design. Participants considered the topic: 'The taxpayer is losing millions of pounds in poorly procured healthcare buildings due to the lack of construction expertise within NHS Trusts; the Government urgently needs to redress this if the losses are not to spiral out of control'. With the first hour's discussions focusing primarily on existing procurement skill levels, and the reasons behind significant 'skills gaps', the final 'half' saw debated how best to attract able new entrants to the healthcare estates and allied professions, ensuring effective procurement of healthcare buildings well into the future. PMID:23513370

  4. Counseling in the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dear, Joseph D.

    This chapter explores the future role of school counseling. It is noted that the student of the year 2021 should leave the K-12 system as an academically, socially, and psychologically balanced, civic-minded person ready to enter society and become a responsible, productive individual with basic skills in reading, writing, mathematics and thinking…

  5. The Future of Fractions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usiskin, Zalman P.

    2007-01-01

    In the 1970s, the movement to the metric system (which has still not completely occurred in the United States) and the advent of hand-held calculators led some to speculate that decimal representation of numbers would render fractions obsolete. This provocative proposition stimulated Zalman Usiskin to write "The Future of Fractions" in 1979. He…

  6. Futures of Human Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harms, L. S.

    There are several research areas basic to the long-range future of human communications. Telecommunication and transportation offer the possiblity of two worldwide communications networks whose interrelationships need to be explored in terms of the needs of the individual, the community, and the world at large. Expanding possibilities of…

  7. The Future Starts Now

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walton, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Reading "Learning for the Future," 15 years since it was first published, it is instructive to see what has changed and what has remained more or less the same. The years following the Rio Earth Summit saw the proliferation of a great deal of local debate and community-level activity to promote sustainable development, often under the banner of…

  8. Future Optical Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. O'Mahony; Christina Politi; Dimitrios Klonidis; Reza Nejabati; Dimitra Simeonidou

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents views on the future of optical networking. A historical look at the emergence of optical networking is first taken, followed by a discussion on the drivers pushing for a new and pervasive network, which is based on photonics and can satisfy the needs of a broadening base of residential, business, and scientific users. Regional plans and targets

  9. Reading the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nettle, Keith

    Given the strong sense of passing time which seems to be wired into human beings, it is only natural that the Year 2000, or Y2K in contemporary jargon, should lead to serious speculation about the future. Reading and literacy, old skills relatively speaking, continue rightly to figure in those predictions (along with the technologically advanced…

  10. Future Workforce Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Energy, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science is among the world's premier supporters of basic research. The Office of Science enables the U.S. to maintain its competitive edge by funding science that can transform its energy future, supports its national security and seeks to understand the fundamentals of matter and energy itself. To do…

  11. The future of renoprotection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    NORBERTO PERICO; IGOR CODREANU; ARRIGO SCHIEPPATI; GIUSEPPE REMUZZI

    2005-01-01

    The future of renoprotection. Chronic kidney diseases are emerging as a global threat to human health. Renal replacement therapy by dialysis or renal transplantation prolongs survival in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and, in most cases, provides a good quality of life. In all wealthy countries, new patients on dialysis outnumber those who die, and the group of patients

  12. Looking into the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDowell, Stirling

    1984-01-01

    After four months of public hearings, the MacDonald Commission established to look into Canada's future is now preparing its interim report. The 220,000-member Canadian Teachers' Federation has submitted a four-point proposal to the commission calling for a reaffirmation of the overriding importance of education. (JBM)

  13. Our Children, Our Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal City Council, Washington, DC.

    This report presents a comprehensive plan, developed by the D.C. Committee on Public Education, to help strengthen the public schools in the District of Columbia. Chapter 1, "An Introduction: A Vision of the Future," contains the following sections: (1) "Description of the Committee"; (2) "Philosophy and Beliefs of the Committee"; (3) "The Mandate…

  14. Inventing Our Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Glenn; Vosevich, Mary; O'Connor, Michael; Whitefield, Joe; Medlin, E. Lander

    2011-01-01

    Glenn Smith, APPA's Vice President for Professional Development, had the honor of introducing the closing panel discussion at APPA's annual conference in Boston last July--a discussion centered on the theme "Inventing Our Future." Previous general plenary sessions and related breakout sessions had explored the challenges people face in these…

  15. The Future Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elsner, Paul A.

    2003-01-01

    Community colleges have encountered many factors that may reshape their future. Environmental imperatives weigh heavily on community colleges, as does the new integration of the sciences, such as breakthroughs in the biochemical sciences, such as the human genome project. It is also important to pay attention to the forms in which knowledge is…

  16. Future Integrated Fire Control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bonnie W. Young

    Future advances in fire control for air and missile defense depend largely on a network- enabled foundation that enables the collaborative use of distributed warfare assets for time-critical operations. These advances enable major enhancements for tactical fire control. Selecting the best shooter from a set of geographically distributed firing units can improve the chances of intercepting targets and improve the

  17. Projecting America's Energy Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dukert, Joseph M.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses elements to be considered in planning for the future of American energy policy: new ways of applying energy, availability, sources, population growth, effects on agriculture, synthetic fuel, possibility of new technology, government involvement, worldwide events (political and natural), and capital investment. (CT)

  18. Facing the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallin, Alice, Ed.

    1983-01-01

    Ways that Catholic colleges and universities are trying to fulfill their role are discussed in articles by six college presidents and a church historian. In "The Catholic Liberal Art College: Has It a Future?" John Tracy Ellis notes some of the roots to be reaffirmed by Catholic colleges. In "Preparing for the Millennium," Theodore M. Hesburgh…

  19. Assessing the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berger, Allen

    A review of the past, the present, and the future offers an enlightening view of literacy in America. A 1967 issue of the "Illinois Journal of Education" has articles on phonics, linguistics, spelling, modalities of learning, disadvantaged children, vision screening and vision training, readiness, Montessori, partnerships between business and…

  20. Futuring Technologies in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ezell, Annette Schram; Rogers, J. Keith

    1978-01-01

    Groupings, for most forecasting technologies, may be categorized as: (1) Consensus Methods; (2) Combinatory Methods; (3) Creative Methods; or (4) Extrapolative Methods. The Delphi Technique has been an effective tool for forecasting what educational goals should be in the event of probable future conditions. (Author)

  1. futuresMICHIGAN AGRICULTURAL

    E-print Network

    Michigan report released in May 2004. Nutrition. Immunity. Obesity. Leadership skills for children and commu- nity vitality -- directly focus on obesity, nutrition and leadership. In this issue of Futures, such as cancer. Other sci- entists are searching for compounds in foods with medicinal properties (known

  2. Here Comes the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeder, Robert; And Others

    This teacher's guide introduces students to problems and potentials of the future in an effort to prepare them for life in the 21st century. Based on an interdisciplinary approach, the lesson plans within four major units represent five futuristic trends and assumptions: (1) the shift of emphasis from subject matter to conceptual frameworks; (2)…

  3. Future Perfect: Community Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chadwick, Dee

    1991-01-01

    Describes a three-week project using cooperative learning groups where students address the question of the future of their Arizona community. Demonstrates how groups discussed, argued, and tried to come to consensus for developing a comprehensive community land-use proposal. (PRA)

  4. The Future of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Tom

    2009-01-01

    The future of reading is very much in doubt. In this century, reading could soar to new heights or crash and burn. Some educators and librarians fear that sustained reading for learning, for work, and for pleasure may be slowly dying out as a widespread social practice. Several social and technological developments of the 20th century, such as…

  5. Musical Futures in Victoria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeanneret, Neryl

    2010-01-01

    Musical Futures is a music learning program that was established in the United Kingdom in 2003. It aims to make secondary classroom music more relevant to young people through engaging them in the informal learning practices of real world musicians, recognising that the way in which popular musicians learn is quite different from the pedagogy of…

  6. Guayule future development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. S. Nakayama

    2005-01-01

    Successful commercialization of guayule (Parthenium argentatum Gray) depends on utilizing as much of the plant as possible. Initially, latex is the primary product, but the residual plant material or bagasse would contribute to guayule's future economic development. The purpose of this review is to cover the various types of non-latex products that have economic potential.Several hundred thousand hectares are expected

  7. CHARTING BC'S ECONOMIC FUTURE

    E-print Network

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    is "Charting BC's Economic Future". Faced with an increasingly competitive global economy, it is more important and its citizens. This year's Community Summit will bring together diverse groups from across the province. Economic think tanks, ethno-cultural leaders, residential associations, libraries, Chambers of Commerce

  8. Future trends in international migration to Europe.

    PubMed

    Verhaeren, R

    1993-01-01

    The author discusses future trends in international migration to Europe, with a focus on the impact of the economic situation on labor force needs and resources. Aspects considered include changes in foreign direct investments, changes in the size of the European labor market, and the potential emigration of the labor force in underdeveloped countries. PMID:12287572

  9. Hydrogen: The Energy Carrier of the Future?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bendiksen, Kjell

    This paper from Kjell Bendiksen of the Institute for Energy Technology examines the prospects of using hydrogen as a fuel source in the future. Hydrogen, its distribution and potential use are discussed, along with fuel cell costs and logistics. The paper includes useful graphics. The document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  10. Orbital Debris and Future Environment Remediation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liou, Jer-Chyi

    2011-01-01

    This slide presentation is an overview of the historical and current orbital debris environment. Included is information about: Projected growth of the future debris population, The need for active debris removal (ADR), A grand challenge for the 21st century and The forward path

  11. Interpersonal Psychotherapy: Past, Present and Future

    PubMed Central

    Markowitz, John C.; Weissman, Myrna M.

    2012-01-01

    The authors briefly describe the origins, theory, and development of interpersonal psychotherapy: its roots in clinical outcome research, its spread from major depression to other psychiatric disorders and its increasing dissemination as an empirically validated clinical intervention included in treatment guidelines. They attempt to forecast research, organizational and training issues the growing interpersonal psychotherapy community may face in the future. PMID:22331561

  12. Future of Geoscience Undergraduate Education Summit Rationale

    E-print Network

    Texas at Austin, University of

    undergraduate students to learn. Yet the importance of understanding deep time, including the Earth's history tools, generation and use of massive amounts of quantitative information (big data), and computational are striving to prepare undergraduate students to use rapidly advancing technologies and big data in the future

  13. The Human Genome Project: Sequencing the Future

    E-print Network

    #12;The Human Genome Project: Sequencing the Future I n 1986, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE and unilateral step by announcing its Human Genome Initiative--forerunner of the Human Genome Project critical areas, including those important to DOE missions. The Human Genome Project and DOE's complementary

  14. Future Perspectives of Biocybernetic Research in Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, M. F.; Thwaites, H. M.

    This paper describes the future perspectives of biocybernetic communication research applied to television, i.e., the measurement of the information impact of television on both individual human beings and groups in terms of energetic changes in the human body. A summary of the recent state of the art of biocybernetic research includes discussions…

  15. Status and Future of Lunar Geoscience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1986

    A review of the status, progress, and future direction of lunar research is presented in this report from the lunar geoscience working group of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Information is synthesized and presented in four major sections. These include: (1) an introduction (stating the reasons for lunar study and identifying…

  16. Mapping the Future of the World's Languages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moseley, Christopher

    The future of endangered languages is discussed, drawing on experiences in development of an atlas of language. Issues in the debate over language maintenance are examined, including the emotion-laden concept of ethnicity and relative youth of the concepts of human rights and linguistic geography. The fact that the atlas in question indicates only…

  17. Preparing Dietetic Interns for the Future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Stein; J. Moreschi-Mason

    1999-01-01

    The US Census Bureau predicts a dramatic increase of the population aged 65 and older to 20% of the population by 2030. These projections bring concerns about the elderly to the forefront of public health issues. Although the Elderly Nutrition Program (ENP) is a highly successful program, the Administration on Aging identifies future challenges, including addressing the 64% of congregate

  18. The Economics of America's Energy Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Henry

    This is an Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) pamphlet which reviews economic and technical considerations for the future development of energy sources. Included are sections on petroleum, synthetic fuels, oil shale, nuclear power, geothermal power, and solar energy. Also presented are data pertaining to U.S. energy production…

  19. Meeting the Demands of the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uehling, Barbara S.

    1978-01-01

    Internal and external changes that are likely to occur in higher education in the future are explored, including changes in financing, enrollment, faculties, governance, public scrutiny, and curriculum. Actions and attitudes that will strengthen higher education are pointed out. (Author/LBH)

  20. The future as I see it.

    PubMed

    Raum, Rhett

    2009-01-01

    Predicting the future is always chancy, but when a young practitioner begins a career in dentistry, it is worthwhile to have some well-reasoned expectations. The critical dimensions in the next several decades in dentistry will include technology, marketing, and society. PMID:20415125

  1. Future optical observations of solar flares

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Falciani

    1988-01-01

    Trends in optical observations of solar flares are reviewed, including recently developed instruments and facilities which could contribute to future studies. It is suggested that the physical significance of the visible spectral range data should be improved and that coherent and self-consistent analyses of different spectral signatures of the same physical phenomena in various layers of the flare atmosphere should

  2. Future trends in hard disk drives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Grochowski; Roger F. Hoyt

    1996-01-01

    Magnetic hard disk drives have significantly improved in size, performance and cost due to many technological innovations; including magnetoresistive heads, low noise thin film disks, PRML channels and advanced mechanical actuators and motors. By analyzing specification trends of each new disk drive design, a perspective of this evolution can be developed and design characteristics of future disk drives can be

  3. Teaching and Learning for a Sustainable Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This excellent site is a multimedia program for all educators on educating for a sustainable future. It is an excellent resource for teachers, with learning activities for teaching sustainability in specific courses and throughout the curricula. Themes and Modules provided here include: Sustainable Development Across the Curriculum, Interdisciplinary Curriculum Themes, and Teaching & Learning Strategies. "Interdisciplinary Curriculum Themes" includes sections on "Culture and Religion", "Women", and "Sustainable Tourism". Each of these sections includes a short introduction, objectives, activities, and references. Overall this is a invaluable resource for educators looking to include lessons on sustainability into their classrooms.

  4. Novel topical therapeutics.

    PubMed

    Bleier, Benjamin S

    2010-06-01

    Intranasal drug delivery is a rapidly growing field that offers the potential for enhanced treatment of local and systemic disease. Novel preclinical screening tools such as in vitro assays and 3-dimensional imaging are currently being used to improve drug design and delivery. In addition, new evidence has emerged underlining the importance of surgical marsupialization of the sinuses to allow for improved topical delivery. Although multiple barriers to administration and absorption exist, implantable therapeutics using new classes of drug-eluting polymers allow for prolonged, site-specific drug delivery and hold great promise in overcoming these obstacles. PMID:20525509

  5. Topic in Depth - Aerodynamics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Aerodynamics is the study of what makes things go fast, right? More specifically, itâ??s the study of the interaction between bodies and the atmosphere. This topic in depth highlights some fun websites on the science of aerodynamics, for beginners to researchers. If youâ??ve been watching Wimbeldon lately, you might have been wondering about the aerodynamics of tennis. Or maybe you were riding your bike the other day and wondering how you could pick up a little more speed next time. These sites can help explain.

  6. Conclusions and Future Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hoang Nam Nguyen

    \\u000a In this book, we have focused on several challenges relevant to guaranteeing QoS for multimedia services and providing Internet\\u000a traffic over broadband LEO satellite net-works. In particular, the following topics have been addressed:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Handover schemes and protocols for inter-satellite handover in LEO satellite networks based on ATM and IP.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a QoS routing strategies for multi-service multi-hop LEO satellite networks.

  7. Including sexuality in your nursing practice.

    PubMed

    Shell, Judith A

    2007-12-01

    One would think that today's exposure of the topic of sexuality in the electronic and print media would elevate the medical professional's comfort level with communication regarding sexuality issues. However, writers continue to comment on clinician discomfort or lack of discussion with their patients about sexual concerns and anxieties. Many patients want to learn about the implications of their treatment and medications on their sexuality. Nurses who care for chronically ill patients may help foster a more positive self-esteem for the patient, and may influence patient-partner attitudes about worthiness, self-concept, and body image, by providing opportunities to talk about feelings and fears about how treatment may affect their sexuality. PMID:17996764

  8. Antarctic Exploration Parallels for Future Human Planetary Exploration: The Role and Utility of Long Range, Long Duration Traverses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoffman, Stephen J. (Editor); Voels, Stephen A. (Editor)

    2012-01-01

    Topics covered include: Antarctic Exploration Parallels for Future Human Planetary Exploration: Science Operations Lessons Learned, Planning, and Equipment Capabilities for Long Range, Long Duration Traverses; Parallels Between Antarctic Travel in 1950 and Planetary Travel in 2050 (to Accompany Notes on "The Norwegian British-Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1949-52"); My IGY in Antarctica; Short Trips and a Traverse; Geologic Traverse Planning for Apollo Missions; Desert Research and Technology Studies (DRATS) Traverse Planning; Science Traverses in the Canadian High Arctic; NOR-USA Scientific Traverse of East Antarctica: Science and Logistics on a Three-Month Expedition Across Antarctica's Farthest Frontier; A Notional Example of Understanding Human Exploration Traverses on the Lunar Surface; and The Princess Elisabeth Station.

  9. Future Experiments in Astrophysics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krizmanic, John F.

    2002-01-01

    The measurement methodologies of astrophysics experiments reflect the enormous variation of the astrophysical radiation itself. The diverse nature of the astrophysical radiation, e.g. cosmic rays, electromagnetic radiation, and neutrinos, is further complicated by the enormous span in energy, from the 1.95 Kappa relic neutrino background to cosmic rays with energy greater than 10(exp 20)eV. The measurement of gravity waves and search for dark matter constituents are also of astrophysical interest. Thus, the experimental techniques employed to determine the energy of the incident particles are strongly dependent upon the specific particles and energy range to be measured. This paper summarizes some of the calorimetric methodologies and measurements planned by future astrophysics experiments. A focus will be placed on the measurement of higher energy astrophysical radiation. Specifically, future cosmic ray, gamma ray, and neutrino experiments will be discussed.

  10. Future of palliative medicine.

    PubMed

    Bhatnagar, Sushma; Gupta, Mayank

    2015-01-01

    A 'need-supply' and 'requirement-distribution mismatch' along with a continuingneed explosion are the biggest hurdles faced by palliative medicine today. It is the need of the hour to provide an unbiased, equitable and evidence-based palliative care to those in need irrespective of the diagnosis, prognosis, social and economic status or geographical location. Palliative care as a fundamental human right, ensuring provision throughout the illness spectrum, global as well as region-specific capacity building, uniform availability of essential drugs at an affordable price, a multidisciplinary team approachand caregiver-support are some of the achievable goals for the future. This supplanted with a strong political commitment, professional dedication and 'public-private partnerships' are necessaryto tackle the existing hurdles and the exponentially increasing future need. For effectively going ahead it is of utmost importance to integrate palliative medicine into medical education, healthcare system and societal framework. PMID:25709197

  11. Root status and future developments

    SciTech Connect

    Rene Brun et al.

    2003-10-01

    In this talk the authors review the major additions and improvements made to the ROOT system in the last 18 months and present their plans for future developments. The additions and improvements range from modifications to the I/O sub-system to allow users to save and restore objects of classes that have not been instrumented by special ROOT macros, to the addition of a geometry package designed for building, browsing, tracking and visualizing detector geometries. Other improvements include enhancements to the quick analysis sub-system (TTree::Draw()), the addition of classes that allow inter-file object references (TRef, TRefArray), better support for templates and STL classes, amelioration of the Automatic Script Compiler and the incorporation of new fitting and mathematical tools. Efforts have also been made to increase the modularity of the ROOT system with the introduction of more abstract interfaces and the development of a plug-in manager. In the near future, they intend to continue the development of PROOF and its interfacing with GRID environments. They plan on providing an interface between Geant3, Geant4 and Fluka and the new geometry package. The ROOT-GUI classes will finally be available on Windows and they plan to release a GUI inspector and builder. In the last year, ROOT has drawn the endorsement of additional experiments and institutions. It is now officially supported by CERN and used as key I/O component by the LCG project.

  12. Future perspectives in robotic surgery.

    PubMed

    Wedmid, Alexei; Llukani, Elton; Lee, David I

    2011-09-01

    • Robotics of the current day have advanced significantly from early computer-aided design/manufacturing systems to modern master-slave robotic systems that replicate the surgeon's exact movements onto robotic instruments in the patient. • Globally >300,000 robotic procedures were completed in 2010, including ?98,000 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies. • Broadening applications of robotics for urological procedures are being investigated in both adult and paediatric urology. • The use of the current robotic system continues to be further refined. Increasing experience has optimized port placement reducing arm collisions to allow for more expedient surgery. Improved three-dimensional camera magnification provides improved intraoperative identification of structures. • Robotics has probably improved the learning curve of laparoscopic surgery while still maintaining its patient recovery advantages and outcomes. • The future of robotic surgery will take this current platform forward by improving haptic (touch) feedback, improving vision beyond even the magnified eye, improving robot accessibility with a reduction of entry ports and miniaturizing the slave robot. • Here, we focus on the possible advancements that may change the future landscape of robotic surgery. PMID:21917107

  13. The future challenge for aeropropulsion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rosen, Robert; Bowditch, David N.

    1992-01-01

    NASA's research in aeropropulsion is focused on improving the efficiency, capability, and environmental compatibility for all classes of future aircraft. The development of innovative concepts, and theoretical, experimental, and computational tools provide the knowledge base for continued propulsion system advances. Key enabling technologies include advances in internal fluid mechanics, structures, light-weight high-strength composite materials, and advanced sensors and controls. Recent emphasis has been on the development of advanced computational tools in internal fluid mechanics, structural mechanics, reacting flows, and computational chemistry. For subsonic transport applications, very high bypass ratio turbofans with increased engine pressure ratio are being investigated to increase fuel efficiency and reduce airport noise levels. In a joint supersonic cruise propulsion program with industry, the critical environmental concerns of emissions and community noise are being addressed. NASA is also providing key technologies for the National Aerospaceplane, and is studying propulsion systems that provide the capability for aircraft to accelerate to and cruise in the Mach 4-6 speed range. The combination of fundamental, component, and focused technology development underway at NASA will make possible dramatic advances in aeropropulsion efficiency and environmental compatibility for future aeronautical vehicles.

  14. 17 CFR 30.7 - Treatment of foreign futures or foreign options secured amount.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...foreign futures or foreign options secured amount, including any residual financial interest of the futures...foreign futures or foreign options secured amount any...foreign futures or foreign options secured amount with...from having a residual financial interest in the...

  15. Functional aspects of the topical relationship between blood capillaries and lymphatics of the mesentery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Hauck

    1973-01-01

    Using the brightfield and incomplete darkfield transillumination as well as the luminescence technique with blue light excitation the topical relationships between the microvasculature and lymphatics were investigated in the mesenteric area of rabbits, cats and rats. The incomplete darkfield demonstrates the microstructure of the extravascular space including lymphatics and their peripheral extensions. An essential feature of the topical organization is

  16. Special Topics Courses - A Happy Medium between Mini-Courses and Full-Coverage Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, John R.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Describes a special topics program which allows students some choice in content to be studied. Topics include Continental Drift and Ice Ages, Geology and National Parks, the Coast of South Carolina, and Medical Geology. Student evaluations indicate positive attitudes towards the program. (MA)

  17. The Researcher, the Topic, and the Literature: A Procedure for Systematizing Literature Searches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven G. Helmericks; Randal L. Nelsen; N. Prabha Unnithan

    1991-01-01

    Currently, no systematic procedure exists for ensuring the range and representativeness of publications included in a search of literature on a research topic. Using the logic of fieldwork methods, this article suggests such a procedure. The research topic is viewed as a \\

  18. Call for Papers IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics

    E-print Network

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    Call for Papers IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics Special Issue or survey papers for consideration for publication in this special issue. Topics of interest include uploading your paper, please select your manuscript type as "Special Issue on Wireless Power Transfer

  19. Taboo topics in addiction treatmentAn empirical review of clinical folklore

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emil J. Chiauzzi; Steven Liljegren

    1993-01-01

    This article reviews II taboo topics, that is, research findings that question traditional assumptions and teachings of addiction treatment. These topics include: (I) the lack of empirical support for the Minnesota Model; (2) questions about the necessity of Alcoholics Anonymous for maintaining abstinence; (3) the existence of spontaneous remission; (4) the detrimental aspects of labeling; (5) the value of addicted

  20. Designs on the future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Becker; B. Hagens

    1986-01-01

    Quite simply, the government should underwrite a major percentage of the cost of development of new PV products. We are unquestionably involved in a global economic war. The Japanese so perceive the situation and are acting upon it, with all the strength of their corporate national policies. In order to achieve this optimistic future projected for US-based PV (i.e. high-demand,

  1. Perspective and future possibilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A.-M. Bouchardy; D. L. Balageas

    1993-01-01

    Future possibilities of infrared thermography are considered: staring array cameras for high thermal, temporal and spatial resolution imagery; infrared thermography for cryogenic wind tunnel; and photothermal cameras. The infrared array detectors are faster and faster and use a greater number of elements: HgCdTe, PtSi and InSb. Noise and sensitivity, the principle parameters characterizing the infrared camera, are discussed.

  2. Caring for the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rourke, James; Hartzman, Marlene

    2008-01-01

    "Built by the Past--Ready for the Future" is more than a school motto at Isaac E. Young Middle School in New Rochelle, NY. Built in 1925, Isaac became the iconic U.S. secondary school when Dick Sargent's painting of it appeared on the cover of the October 17, 1959, issue of "The Saturday Evening Post." The changes that the school has experienced…

  3. Buying Hedge with Futures

    E-print Network

    Welch, Mark; Kastens, Terry L.

    2009-01-07

    Agricultural Economist, Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service. Many bulk purchasers of agricultural com- modities need price risk management tools to help stabilize input prices. Livestock feeders..., the producer trades price risk for basis risk. Once more, the basis forecast is a key to hedging with futures. What if Joe?s Price Outlook Was Incorrect? Let?s examine the effects of a price decline on the performance of Joe?s feeder steer buying hedge...

  4. Making Our Own Futures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huwe, Terence K.

    2012-01-01

    Given the pace of innovation, not only in the gadget market but in how social media is changing society, the future isn't what it used to be, which is to say, it is not that far off, out of reach, and "gee whiz" tomorrow. The planning horizon has moved closer than ever. And far-off eventualities are here and gone before you know it. In this…

  5. Precession electron diffraction - a topical review.

    PubMed

    Midgley, Paul A; Eggeman, Alexander S

    2015-01-01

    In the 20?years since precession electron diffraction (PED) was introduced, it has grown from a little-known niche technique to one that is seen as a cornerstone of electron crystallography. It is now used primarily in two ways. The first is to determine crystal structures, to identify lattice parameters and symmetry, and ultimately to solve the atomic structure ab initio. The second is, through connection with the microscope scanning system, to map the local orientation of the specimen to investigate crystal texture, rotation and strain at the nanometre scale. This topical review brings the reader up to date, highlighting recent successes using PED and providing some pointers to the future in terms of method development and how the technique can meet some of the needs of the X-ray crystallography community. Complementary electron techniques are also discussed, together with how a synergy of methods may provide the best approach to electron-based structure analysis. PMID:25610633

  6. Topical Drug Treatment in Acne

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Gollnick; M. Schramm

    1998-01-01

    The main part of acne treatment uses the topical route. More than 50% of acne patients belong to the group presenting with acne comedonica and papulopustulosa. Whenever small nodes or scarring occur, systemic comedication is indicated, however. Topical treatment affects at least three of the four main pathogenetic factors responsible for the development of acne, i.e. hyperseborrhea, hyperkeratosis, microbial colonization

  7. Sensitive research topics: netnography revisited

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roy Langer; Suzanne C. Beckman

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – This paper discusses how netnography can be applied in order to conduct covert research on sensitive research topics. An analysis of a Danish internet message board on cosmetic surgery illustrates suggestions concerning modifications of netnography guidelines. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Owing to the relevance of studying sensitive research topics – in particular when access to informants is difficult – netnography

  8. Linguistic Extensions of Topic Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd-Graber, Jordan

    2010-01-01

    Topic models like latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) provide a framework for analyzing large datasets where observations are collected into groups. Although topic modeling has been fruitfully applied to problems social science, biology, and computer vision, it has been most widely used to model datasets where documents are modeled as exchangeable…

  9. Topical Haemotherapy for Leg Ulcers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Triquet; P. Ruffieux; C. Mainetti; D. Salomon; J.-H. Saurat

    1994-01-01

    Several growth factors, present in the plasma or delivered by blood cells, are involved in wound healing. We have treated 15 chronic atonic leg ulcers by topical application of autologous heparinized blood under a hydrocolloidal dressing. This ‘topical haemotherapy’ (THT) was applied every other day. After the first THT, 30% of the fibrinonecrotic material had already been removed. After a

  10. STAR: Recent Results and Future Physics Program

    E-print Network

    Olga Barannikova; for the STAR Collaboration

    2009-01-05

    Two major advantages of the STAR detector - uniform azimuthal acceptance complementing extended pseudo-rapidity coverage, and the ability to identify a wide variety of the hadron species in almost all kinematic ranges - have allowed us to address successfully a set of key physics topics at RHIC. We report here selected recent results from the STAR experiment, including insights on system size effects on medium properties, hadronization mechanisms, and partonic energy loss from triggered and non-triggered probes. In conclusion, we present an outlook on the STAR new physics program in upcoming years.

  11. The sociality-health-fitness nexus: synthesis, conclusions and future directions.

    PubMed

    Nunn, Charles L; Craft, Meggan E; Gillespie, Thomas R; Schaller, Mark; Kappeler, Peter M

    2015-05-26

    This theme issue has highlighted the links between sociality, health and fitness in a broad range of organisms, and with approaches that include field and captive studies of animals, comparative and meta-analyses, theoretical modelling and clinical and psychological studies of humans. In this concluding chapter, we synthesize the results of these diverse studies into some of the key concepts discussed in this issue, focusing on risks of infectious disease through social contact, the effects of competition in groups on susceptibility to disease, and the integration of sociality into research on life-history trade-offs. Interestingly, the studies in this issue both support pre-existing hypotheses, and in other ways challenge those hypotheses. We focus on unexpected results, including a lack of association between ectoparasites and fitness and weak results from a meta-analysis of the links between dominance rank and immune function, and place these results in a broader context. We also review relevant topics that were not covered fully in this theme issue, including self-medication and sickness behaviours, society-level defences against infectious disease, sexual selection, evolutionary medicine, implications for conservation biology and selective pressures on parasite traits. We conclude by identifying general open questions to stimulate and guide future research on the links between sociality, health and fitness. PMID:25870401

  12. Critical review of topical management of oral hairy leukoplakia

    PubMed Central

    Brasileiro, Cláudia B; Abreu, Mauro Henrique NG; Mesquita, Ricardo A

    2014-01-01

    Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is a disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus and human immunodeficiency virus infections. OHL is usually an asymptomatic lesion, but in some cases treatment is recommended to reestablish the normal characteristics of the tongue, to eliminate pathogenic microorganisms, to improve patient comfort and for cosmetic reasons. Proposed treatments for this condition include surgery, systemic antiviral treatment and topical management. Topical treatment is an inexpensive and safe therapy that is easy to apply, noninvasive, free of systemic adverse effects and effective over a long period of time. The aim of this study was to present a review of the literature for topical therapy for OHL. Gentian violet, retinoids, podophyllin, acyclovir and podophyllin associated with topical antiviral drugs were used to treat OHL. Reports with this focus are limited, and since 2010, no new studies have been published that discuss the efficacy of topical treatments for OHL. Podophyllin with acyclovir cream was found to be effective, causing regression of lesions with no recurrences. Additional searches are necessary to provide clinical evidence of topical management effectiveness. PMID:25032199

  13. Intelsat - Making the future happen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pelton, J. N.

    1983-04-01

    The evolution and applications of Intelsat equipment are traced, and future developments are projected. Intelsat was founded in 1964 with 11 members, expanding to 80 by 1971. Early Bird, launched in 1965 after experimentation with Courier 1B, Echo, Telstar, and Syncom, etc., spacecraft, began the capability of global live news coverage telephone, telegraph, and telex service. Intelsat VI, scheduled for launch in 1986, will carry 36,000 telephone circuits, compared to Early Bird's 240, with 2/3 of the world's telecommunications traffic currently being handled through satellites. Development continues on digital communications, mobile communications units, frequencies in the 14/11, 14/12, and 30/20 GHz range, advanced designs, reduced cost earth antennas, and full-time dedicated networks. New services will include videoconferencing, business electronic and voice mail and data, direct broadcast television, and rural telecommunications.

  14. Roadmap for Future Lunar Exploration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foing, B. H.; International Lunar Exploration Working Group

    We discuss strategies for future lunar exploration. This includes open science questions about comparative planetology, the origin of the Earth --Moon system, the early evolution of life, the planetary environment and the existence of in-situ resources necessary to support human presence. We discuss areas of instrumentation: Remote sensing miniaturised instruments; Surface geophysical and geochemistry package; Instrument deployment and robotic arm, nano-rover, sampling, drilling; Sample finder and collector. We discuss technologies in robotic exploration: Mecha-electronics-sensors; Tele control, telepresence, virtual reality; Regional mobility rover; Autonomy and Navigation; Artificially intelligent robots. We compare Moon-Mars system aspects related to In-Situ Utilisation of resources; Establishment of permanent robotic infrastructure, Environmental protection aspects; Life sciences laboratories; Support to human exploration. Finally, we discuss possible roadmaps and synergies for Moon-Mars exploration, starting with the missions for the coming decade, and building effectively on joint technology developments.

  15. Resources For the Future: Discussion Papers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Resources For the Future (described in the August 28, 1998 Scout Report) posts these discussion papers (.pdf files, from 1995 to present) summarizing preliminary results of research in progress. Intended for an academic audience, the papers are circulated by their authors "to stimulate thought, discussion, and debate of important environmental and natural resources issues, and have not undergone formal peer review." Papers include "The Chesapeake Bay and the Control of NOx Emissions," by Alan Krupnick and others (627 KB); "Forest Service Vision: or, Does the Forest Service Have a Future?" by Roger Sedjo (61 KB); and "Jobs Versus the Environment: Is There a Trade-off?" by Richard Morgenstern and others (153 KB).

  16. Future payload isolation and pointing system technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Laskin, R. A.; Sirlin, S. W.

    1986-01-01

    An overview is presented of the technology associated with the precision pointing of future spaceborne science instruments. High-level architectural options for dealing with the precision pointing problem are considered, and a representative NASA mission set for the 1990s is given. Pointing accuracy and stability requirements are extracted from the mission requirements, with the sub-0.1 arcsec stability requirement emerging as the primary driver. The state of the art of current technology is assessed, including an evaluation of gimbal systems, suspension systems, and actuator and sensor component technology. Areas where the technology needs to be pushed to satisfy future requirements are identified, and some promising design options are proposed.

  17. Future Electron-Hadron Colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Litvinenko, V.

    2010-05-23

    Outstanding research potential of electron-hadron colliders (EHC) was clearly demonstrated by first - and the only - electron-proton collider HERA (DESY, Germany). Physics data from HERA revealed new previously unknown facets of Quantum Chromo-Dynamics (QCD). EHC is an ultimate microscope probing QCD in its natural environment, i.e. inside the hadrons. In contrast with hadrons, electrons are elementary particles with known initial state. Hence, scattering electrons from hadrons provides a clearest pass to their secrets. It turns EHC into an ultimate machine for high precision QCD studies and opens access to rich physics with a great discovery potential: solving proton spin puzzle, observing gluon saturation or physics beyond standard model. Access to this physics requires high-energy high-luminosity EHCs and a wide reach in the center-of-mass (CM) energies. This paper gives a brief overview of four proposed electron-hadron colliders: ENC at GSI (Darmstadt, Germany), ELIC/MEIC at TJNAF (Newport News, VA, USA), eRHIC at BNL (Upton, NY, USA) and LHeC at CERN (Geneva, Switzerland). Future electron-hadron colliders promise to deliver very rich physics not only in the quantity but also in the precision. They are aiming at very high luminosity two-to-four orders of magnitude beyond the luminosity demonstrated by the very successful HERA. While ENC and LHeC are on opposite side of the energy spectrum, eRHIC and ELIC are competing for becoming an electron-ion collider (EIC) in the U.S. Administrations of BNL and Jlab, in concert with US DoE office of Nuclear Physics, work on the strategy for down-selecting between eRHIC and ELIC. The ENC, EIC and LHeC QCD physics programs to a large degree are complimentary to each other and to the LHC physics. In last decade, an Electron Ion Collider (EIC) collaboration held about 25 collaboration meetings to develop physics program for EIC with CM energy {approx}100 GeV. One of these meetings was held at GSI, where ENC topic was in the center of discussions. First dedicated LHeC workshop was held in 2008, with a number of dedicated workshops following it. Intense accelerator R&D program is needed to address the challenges posed by the EIC.

  18. Copyright The British Psychological Society Reproduction in any form (including the internet) is prohibited without prior permission from the Society

    E-print Network

    Crawford, John R.

    Copyright © The British Psychological Society Reproduction in any form (including the internet memory for future intentions. Our ability to remember to do things in the future has important © The British Psychological Society Reproduction in any form (including the internet) is prohibited without

  19. Righting Your Future: LRE Lesson Plans for Today and Tomorrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CRADLE: Center for Research and Development in Law-Related Education, Winston-Salem, NC.

    A compilation of more than 50 lesson plans on law related education, these materials were written by middle school and high school teachers from around the United States. The lessons cover a broad range of topics including "DNA Fingerprints and the Constitutional Right to Privacy"; "Censorship and Book Banning in Public Schools"; "The Death…

  20. Future long-range transports: Prospects for improved fuel efficiency

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nagel, A. L.; Alford, W. J., Jr.; Dugan, J. F., Jr.

    1975-01-01

    A status report is provided on current thinking concerning potential improvements in fuel efficiency and possible alternate fuels. Topics reviewed are: (1) historical trends in airplane efficiency; (2) technological opportunities including supercritical aerodynamics, (3) vortex diffusers, (4) composite materials, (5) propulsion systems, (6) active controls, and terminal-area operations; (7) unconventional design concepts, and (8) hydrogen-fueled airplane.

  1. Economics of Current and Future Biofuels

    SciTech Connect

    Tao, L.; Aden, A.

    2009-06-01

    This work presents detailed comparative analysis on the production economics of both current and future biofuels, including ethanol, biodiesel, and butanol. Our objectives include demonstrating the impact of key parameters on the overall process economics (e.g., plant capacity, raw material pricing, and yield) and comparing how next-generation technologies and fuels will differ from today's technologies. The commercialized processes and corresponding economics presented here include corn-based ethanol, sugarcane-based ethanol, and soy-based biodiesel. While actual full-scale economic data are available for these processes, they have also been modeled using detailed process simulation. For future biofuel technologies, detailed techno-economic data exist for cellulosic ethanol from both biochemical and thermochemical conversion. In addition, similar techno-economic models have been created for n-butanol production based on publicly available literature data. Key technical and economic challenges facing all of these biofuels are discussed.

  2. Sport Sociology and the Discipline of Sociology: Present Status and Speculations about the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Eldon E.; Spreitzer, Elmer

    The status of the sociology of sport within the discipline of sociology is explored. Review of the subfield since 1971 indicates an increase in the number of publications and communication relating to sport sociology topics. It is hypothesized, however, that sport sociology will not in the near future receive equal acceptance within sociology with…

  3. Elimination of position sensors in switched reluctance motor drives: state of the art and future trends

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mehrdad Ehsani; Babak Fahimi

    2002-01-01

    This paper covers the range of topics related to sensorless control of switched reluctance motor (SRM) drives from their fundamentals to their limitations and state of the art and future trends. This should help the reader to develop a systematic understanding of the sensorless techniques that have been developed over the past two decades. The inherent vulnerability to mechanical failures,

  4. The Status and Future of Research in Instructional Design and Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannafin, Michael J.

    1986-01-01

    Status, issues, and future of research in instructional design and technology are described. Several steps are recommended to encourage, improve, and expand collaborative research which fall into four general needs: identifying topics and methods; improving quality and quantity; providing greater opportunities; and increasing dissemination. (MBR)

  5. Some Sensible and Outrageous Ideas for the Future--Community Services and Facilities for Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Theodore C.; And Others

    Research and development guidelines and projections for future child development centers are discussed. The first section describes the Child Development Center (CDC) concept and proposes a nationwide program. Other topics deal with child health and development, education for change, the community and the young child, public approaches and…

  6. Whose Voices Will Be Heard? Creating a Vision for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGuire, Margit E.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses society in the future. Expresses concern over social problems and misuse by the media of terms relating to diversity and multiculturalism. Lists themes for effective instruction in social studies as integration of topics and meaningful, challenging, active, and value-based learning. Urges that self-esteem, mutual respect, and cooperative…

  7. Savannah River Site Waste Removal Program - Past, Present and Future

    SciTech Connect

    Saldivar, E.

    2002-02-25

    The Savannah River Site has fifty-one high level waste tanks in various phases of operation and closure. These tanks were originally constructed to receive, store, and treat the high level waste (HLW) created in support of the missions assigned by the Department of Energy (DOE). The Federal Facilities Agreement (FFA) requires the high level waste to be removed from the tanks and stabilized into a final waste form. Additionally, closure of the tanks following waste removal must be completed. The SRS HLW System Plan identifies the interfaces of safe storage, waste removal, and stabilization of the high level waste and the schedule for the closure of each tank. HLW results from the dissolution of irradiated fuel components. Desired nuclear materials are recovered and the byproducts are neutralized with NaOH and sent to the High Level Waste Tank Farms at the SRS. The HLW process waste clarifies in the tanks as the sludge settles, resulting in a layer of dense sludge with salt supernate settling above the sludge. Salt supernate is concentrated via evaporation into saltcake and NaOH liquor. This paper discusses the history of SRS waste removal systems, recent waste removal experiences, and the challenges facing future removal operations to enhance efficiency and cost effectiveness. Specifically, topics will include the evolution and efficiency of systems used in the 1960's which required large volumes of water to current systems of large centrifugal slurry pumps, with significant supporting infrastructure and safety measures. Interactions of this equipment with the waste tank farm operations requirements will also be discussed. The cost and time improvements associated with these present-day systems is a primary focus for the HLW Program.

  8. Graduate Ethics Curricula for Future Geospatial Technology Professionals (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wright, D. J.; Dibiase, D.; Harvey, F.; Solem, M.

    2009-12-01

    Professionalism in today's rapidly-growing, multidisciplinary geographic information science field (e.g., geographic information systems or GIS, remote sensing, cartography, quantitative spatial analysis), now involves a commitment to ethical practice as informed by a more sophisticated understanding of the ethical implications of geographic technologies. The lack of privacy introduced by mobile mapping devices, the use of GIS for military and surveillance purposes, the appropriate use of data collected using these technologies for policy decisions (especially for conservation and sustainability) and general consequences of inequities that arise through biased access to geospatial tools and derived data all continue to be challenging issues and topics of deep concern for many. Students and professionals working with GIS and related technologies should develop a sound grasp of these issues and a thorough comprehension of the concerns impacting their use and development in today's world. However, while most people agree that ethics matters for GIS, we often have difficulty putting ethical issues into practice. An ongoing project supported by NSF seeks to bridge this gap by providing a sound basis for future ethical consideration of a variety of issues. A model seminar curriculum is under development by a team of geographic information science and technology (GIS&T) researchers and professional ethicists, along with protocols for course evaluations. In the curricula students first investigate the nature of professions in general and the characteristics of a GIS&T profession in particular. They hone moral reasoning skills through methodical analyses of case studies in relation to various GIS Code of Ethics and Rules of Conduct. They learn to unveil the "moral ecologies" of a profession through actual interviews with real practitioners in the field. Assignments thus far include readings, class discussions, practitioner interviews, and preparations of original case studies. Curricula thus far are freely available via gisprofessionalethics.org.

  9. Future fighter fable: A day in the life of a future fighter-How do we get there from here?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. E. Bartels; N. Chang

    1993-01-01

    The intent of this paper is to stimulate thought about technologies that may be included in future weapons systems and how the weapon system developer is impacted today. It explores a day in the life of a future-generation fighter aircraft (year 2015-2025 time-frame). The scenario starts from the perspective of the ground crew awaiting the return of their future fighters:

  10. Wound dressings and topical agents.

    PubMed

    Higgins, K R; Ashry, H R

    1995-01-01

    Topical treatment of wounds is an important aspect of wound care, although secondary to surgical and systemic care. Dressing materials come in many forms to suit wound types and preferences. No hard evidence exists to place any one approach above another. All wounds deserve individualized attention and care plans. Likewise, a plethora of solutions exist to augment dressing materials in cleansing, antibiosis, and débridement. Traditional agents, including hydrogen peroxide, Dakin's solution, and povidone-iodine, are more tissue toxic than their common usage would indicate. We prefer frequent dressing changes with natural fiber gauze and nontoxic solutions such as saline. The scalpel, curette, and rongeur are, in our experience, much preferred to enzymatic agents when débridement is needed. We encourage scrutiny of commercial products based on clinical merit and effectiveness as documented in the medical literature. Platelet derived growth factors are an effective adjunct to wound healing and are primarily indicated when the condition of patients and their wounds has otherwise been optimized. PMID:7720031

  11. Selling Hedge with Futures 

    E-print Network

    Kastens, Terry L.; Welch, Mark

    2009-01-07

    . Case Example: Selling Hedge for Corn Bill is a corn farmer in the Texas Panhandle. He has a 10-year average corn production of 24,000 bushels and at no time in the past 5 years has that production dropped below 15,000 bush- els. In March, Bill... on futures information, he projects a harvest time price of $5.60 per bushel ($5.65 - $0.05), which is acceptable to him. Be- cause Bill fears a possible price decline between March and harvest, he elects to implement a selling hedge on 15,000 bushels...

  12. Bioenergy: America's Energy Future

    ScienceCinema

    Nelson, Bruce; Volz, Sara; Male, Johnathan; Wolfson, Johnathan; Pray, Todd; Mayfield, Stephen; Atherton, Scott; Weaver, Brandon

    2014-08-12

    Bioenergy: America's Energy Future is a short documentary film showcasing examples of bioenergy innovations across the biomass supply chain and the United States. The film highlights a few stories of individuals and companies who are passionate about achieving the promise of biofuels and addressing the challenges of developing a thriving bioeconomy. This outreach product supports media initiatives to expand the public's understanding of the bioenergy industry and sustainable transportation and was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Green Focus Films, and BCS, Incorporated.

  13. Future communications satellite applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bagwell, James W.

    1992-01-01

    The point of view of the research is made through the use of viewgraphs. It is suggested that future communications satellite applications will be made through switched point to point narrowband communications. Some characteristics of which are as follows: small/low cost terminals; single hop communications; voice compatible; full mesh networking; ISDN compatible; and possible limited use of full motion video. Some target applications are as follows: voice/data networks between plants and offices in a corporation; data base networking for commercial and science users; and cellular radio internodal voice/data networking.

  14. Prospects for future climate

    SciTech Connect

    Mac Cracken, M.C. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Hecht, A.D. (Environmental Protection Agency (US)); Budyko, M.I. (State Hydrological Inst., Leningrad (USSR)); Izrael, Y. (Hydro Meteorological (SU))

    1990-01-01

    This book describes the effects of the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases and the potential for climate change and impact on agriculture and hydrology. Projections are based on insights from both numerical models and empirical methods. The book reviews climates of the distant and recent past and the results of climate models seeking lessons that can help project future climate. Extensive paleoclimatic studies emphasized by U.S. scientists make this a required reference for atmospheric scientists, hydrologists, paleoclimatologists, agriculturalists, regulators, libraries and anyone interested in the field of climate change.

  15. Future water Cherenkov detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergevin, Marc

    2015-05-01

    In these proceedings a review of the current proposed large-scale Warer Cherenkov experiments is given. An argument is made that future water Cherenkov detectors would benefit in the investment in neutron detection technology. A brief overview will be given of proposed water Cherenkov experiments such as HYPER-K and MEMPHYS and other R&D experiments to demonstrate neutron capture in water Cherenkov detectors. Finally, innovation developed in the context of the now defunct LBNE Water R&D option to improve Water Cherenkov technology will be described.

  16. Future Neutrino Experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Fleming, B. T. [Physics Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT 60510 (United States)

    2009-12-17

    There are a number of future neutrino experiments addressing fundamental questions about the neutrino and about what the neutrino can tell us about the universe. A class of these experiments are long baseline neutrino oscillation v{sub e} appearance searches which can measure the final unknowns of the 3x3 neutrino mixing matrix and look for CP violation in the neutrino sector. The massive detectors needed for these experiments can also search for proton decay and measure extra-terrestrial neutrino sources. There are a number of efforts worldwide to launch these experiments. These efforts, with a focus on US plans, are described.

  17. Bioenergy: America's Energy Future

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, Bruce; Volz, Sara; Male, Johnathan; Wolfson, Johnathan; Pray, Todd; Mayfield, Stephen; Atherton, Scott; Weaver, Brandon

    2014-07-31

    Bioenergy: America's Energy Future is a short documentary film showcasing examples of bioenergy innovations across the biomass supply chain and the United States. The film highlights a few stories of individuals and companies who are passionate about achieving the promise of biofuels and addressing the challenges of developing a thriving bioeconomy. This outreach product supports media initiatives to expand the public's understanding of the bioenergy industry and sustainable transportation and was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Green Focus Films, and BCS, Incorporated.

  18. Dairy Futures Information Homepage

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Provided by Department of Agricultural And Applied Economics Professor T. Randall Fortenberry and Center for Dairy Research Scientist Brian Gould at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, this no-nonsense site is highlighted by its data files section, which contain, at this time, cash and futures data and graphs for the Basic Formula Price, butter, cheese, milk, and nonfat dry milk. Time series vary by commodity and are available in text and three spreadsheet formats. The site also contains other selected price data, and pointers to relevant web sites. Options data is forthcoming.

  19. Future technology for nonproliferation

    SciTech Connect

    Sanders, K.E. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)); Mangan, D.L.; Taylor, J.M. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

    1993-01-01

    Future challenges facing the nonproliferation community will undoubtedly change the normal way of doing business'' in international safeguards. New technology will emerge in support of compliance concepts such as transparency and openness, regional security assurance, bilateral cooperation, and special. or non-routine inspections. Technologies address in remote unattended monitoring, integrated on-site monitoring, environmental monitoring, satellite and aerial over-flight systems, equipment for special inspectios, and sharable data information fusion and management, are just a few examples of potential technologics for new nonproliferation monitoring regimes.

  20. Future technology for nonproliferation

    SciTech Connect

    Sanders, K.E. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Mangan, D.L.; Taylor, J.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-06-01

    Future challenges facing the nonproliferation community will undoubtedly change the ``normal way of doing business`` in international safeguards. New technology will emerge in support of compliance concepts such as transparency and openness, regional security assurance, bilateral cooperation, and special. or non-routine inspections. Technologies address in remote unattended monitoring, integrated on-site monitoring, environmental monitoring, satellite and aerial over-flight systems, equipment for special inspectios, and sharable data information fusion and management, are just a few examples of potential technologics for new nonproliferation monitoring regimes.

  1. Direction avenir (Toward the Future).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moura, Jean-Marc; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Describes creative techniques for enabling the learner to grasp the concept of the future. Usage and grammatical constructions requiring the future are discussed and illustrated with examples of classroom exercises and activities. (MSE)

  2. World Trends and Alternative Futures. Open Grants Papers No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McHale, John; Cordell, Magda

    We are now at a stage in human global development in which the continuous review and assessment of the long-range future implications of our past and present actions becomes crucially important for the survival of human society. This report includes a synoptic view of world trends and alternative futures. The first and major portion of the…

  3. Vertical handover supporting pervasive computing in future wireless networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sasitharan Balasubramaniam; Jadwiga Indulska

    2004-01-01

    A variety of current and future wired and wireles s networking technologies can be transformed into seamless communication environments through application of context- based vertical handovers. Such seamless communication environments are needed for future pervasive\\/ubiquitous systems. Pervasive systems are context aware and n eed to adapt to context changes, including network disconnection s and changes in network Quality of Service.

  4. Lithium-ion cell technology demonstration for future NASA applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. C. Smart; B. V. Ratnakumar; K. B. Chin; L. D. Whitcanack; E. D. Davies; S. Surampudi; M. A. Manzo; P. J. Dalton

    2002-01-01

    NASA requires lightweight rechargeable batteries for future missions to Mars and the outer planets that are capable of operating over a wide range of temperatures, with high specific energy and energy densities. Due to their attractive performance characteristics, lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have been identified as the battery chemistry of choice for a number of future applications, including planetary orbiters, rovers

  5. Current and Future Trends in Imaging Informatics for Oncology

    E-print Network

    Rubin, Daniel L.

    Current and Future Trends in Imaging Informatics for Oncology Mia A. Levy, MD, PhD* and Daniel L on the special needs of oncologic imaging, yet gaps still remain. We review the current state, limitations, and future trends in imaging informatics for oncology care including clinical and clini- cal research systems

  6. Episodic memory and future thinking during early childhood: Linking the past and future.

    PubMed

    Cuevas, Kimberly; Rajan, Vinaya; Morasch, Katherine C; Bell, Martha Ann

    2015-07-01

    Despite extensive examination of episodic memory and future thinking development, little is known about the concurrent emergence of these capacities during early childhood. In Experiment 1, 3-year-olds participated in an episodic memory hiding task ("what, when, where" [WWW] components) with an episodic future thinking component. In Experiment 2, a group of 4-year-olds (including children from Experiment 1) participated in the same task (different objects and locations), providing the first longitudinal investigation of episodic memory and future thinking. Although children exhibited age-related improvements in recall, recognition, and binding of the WWW episodic memory components, there were no age-related changes in episodic future thinking. At both ages, WWW episodic memory performance was higher than future thinking performance, and episodic future thinking and WWW memory components were unrelated. These findings suggest that the WWW components of episodic memory are potentially less fragile than the future components when assessed in a cognitively demanding task. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 57: 552-565, 2015. PMID:25864990

  7. Mental mechanisms for topics identification.

    PubMed

    Massey, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Topics identification (TI) is the process that consists in determining the main themes present in natural language documents. The current TI modeling paradigm aims at acquiring semantic information from statistic properties of large text datasets. We investigate the mental mechanisms responsible for the identification of topics in a single document given existing knowledge. Our main hypothesis is that topics are the result of accumulated neural activation of loosely organized information stored in long-term memory (LTM). We experimentally tested our hypothesis with a computational model that simulates LTM activation. The model assumes activation decay as an unavoidable phenomenon originating from the bioelectric nature of neural systems. Since decay should negatively affect the quality of topics, the model predicts the presence of short-term memory (STM) to keep the focus of attention on a few words, with the expected outcome of restoring quality to a baseline level. Our experiments measured topics quality of over 300 documents with various decay rates and STM capacity. Our results showed that accumulated activation of loosely organized information was an effective mental computational commodity to identify topics. It was furthermore confirmed that rapid decay is detrimental to topics quality but that limited capacity STM restores quality to a baseline level, even exceeding it slightly. PMID:24744775

  8. Selected topics in robotics for space exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montgomery, Raymond C. (editor); Kaufman, Howard (editor)

    1993-01-01

    Papers and abstracts included represent both formal presentations and experimental demonstrations at the Workshop on Selected Topics in Robotics for Space Exploration which took place at NASA Langley Research Center, 17-18 March 1993. The workshop was cosponsored by the Guidance, Navigation, and Control Technical Committee of the NASA Langley Research Center and the Center for Intelligent Robotic Systems for Space Exploration (CIRSSE) at RPI, Troy, NY. Participation was from industry, government, and other universities with close ties to either Langley Research Center or to CIRSSE. The presentations were very broad in scope with attention given to space assembly, space exploration, flexible structure control, and telerobotics.

  9. Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Safety Topics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The world of aviation can be a mystifying one, and for those who hope to start a career in the field of aviation safety is a primary concern. Fortunately, this section of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) website is dedicated to Air Safety and provides a wealth of information. Here visitors will find resources by safety topics including Bird Hazards, Fuel Management, Weather, and Airspace and ATC. In addition, on the lefthand menu they will also find Interactive Courses, Webinars, Accident Analysis, Safety Publications/Articles, and much more. For students, educators, and professionals in the aviation field, this website will be a most welcome find.

  10. Current Topics In STEM Education Policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glembo, Tyler

    2015-04-01

    The role of the federal government in education is a hotly debated topic in Congress, causing education to become deeply embedded in politics. Federal funding of education, although covering only about ten percent of total cost, has large impact in the classroom, from testing standards to low interest student loans. This talk will examine the current landscape in physics education including issues facing the community at a national/federal level and also legislation such as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. We will also examine how stakeholders can develop effective messages and participate in discussions with policy makers.

  11. Formulation, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of topical microbicides

    PubMed Central

    Adams, Jessica L.; Kashuba, Angela D.M.

    2013-01-01

    The development of safe topical microbicides that effectively prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a major goal in curbing the human immunodeficiency virus pandemic. A number of past failures resulting from mucosal toxicity or lack of efficacy have informed the field. Products that caused toxicity to the female genital tract mucosa, and thereby increased the likelihood of HIV acquisition, included nonoxynol 9, cellulose sulfate, and C31 G vaginal gel Savvy®. Topical products that were ineffective in preventing HIV infection include BufferGel®, Carraguard®, and PRO 2000®. Antiretroviral drugs such as tenofovir and dapivirine formulated into microbicide products have shown promise, but there is much to learn about ideal product formulation and acceptability, and drug distribution and disposition (pharmacokinetics). Current formulations for water-soluble molecules include vaginally or rectally applied gels, vaginal rings, films and tablets. Dosing strategies (e.g. coitally dependent or independent) will be based on the pharmacokinetics of the active ingredient and the tolerance for less than perfect adherence. PMID:22306523

  12. Great apes can defer exchange: a replication with different results suggesting future oriented behavior

    PubMed Central

    Osvath, Mathias; Persson, Tomas

    2013-01-01

    The topic of cognitive foresight in non-human animals has received considerable attention in the last decade. The main questions concern whether the animals can prepare for upcoming situations which are, to various degrees, contextually or sensorially detached from the situation in which the preparations are made. Studies on great apes have focused on tool-related tasks, e.g., the ability to select a tool which is functional only in the future. Dufour and Sterck (2008), however, investigated whether chimpanzees were also able to prepare for a future exchange with a human: an object exchanged for a food item. The study included extensive training on the exchangeable item, which is traditionally not compatible with methods for studying planning abilities, as associative learning cannot be precluded. Nevertheless, despite this training, the chimpanzees could not solve the deferred exchange task. Given that great apes can plan for tool use, these results are puzzling. In addition, claims that great ape foresight is highly limited has been based on this study (Suddendorf and Corballis, 2010). Here we partly replicated Dufour and Sterck's study to discern whether temporally deferred and spatially displaced exchange tasks are beyond the capabilities of great apes. In addition to chimpanzees we tested orangutans. One condition followed the one used by Dufour and Sterck, in which the exchange items, functional only in the future, are placed at a location that freely allows for selections by the subjects. In order to test the possibility that the choice set-up could explain the negative results in Dufour and Sterck's study, our second condition followed a method used in the planning study by Osvath and Osvath (2008), where the subjects make a forced one-item-choice from a tray. We found that it is within the capabilities of chimpanzees and orangutans to perform deferred exchange in both conditions. PMID:24106486

  13. [Future of surgery].

    PubMed

    Idezuki, Y

    2000-03-01

    Most current surgical techniques were developed in the 20th century, especially during the past 50 years. Open heart surgery, vascular surgery, neonatal surgery, organ transplantation and artificial organs, microsurgery, intravenous hyperalimentation, and, more recently, endoscopic surgery emerged during the past five decades. Many of the dreams of surgeons in the past have now been realized. These advances in surgery were made possible by the development of new technologies and instrumentation, but most importantly were initiated by the pioneering spirit of surgeons. This will continue on in the next century, since history shows that classical or conventional treatment modalities are constantly changing and being replaced by new ones based on new ideas and technologies. In this age of molecular biology, gene therapy, computer science, and the Internet, the pace of change in medicine and surgery will accelerate. Systems for training and communications, and even medical ethics, will inevitably change. We may not be able to predict precisely the future changes in surgery and surgeons, but we must be prepared for them and steer the future of surgery for the benefit of patients. PMID:10773985

  14. The Ocean: Our Future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Independent World Commission On The Oceans; Soares, Mario

    1998-09-01

    The Ocean, Our Future is the official report of the Independent World Commission on the Oceans, chaired by Mário Soares, former President of Portugal. Its aim is to summarize the very real problems affecting the ocean and its future management, and to provide imaginative solutions to these various and interlocking problems. The oceans have traditionally been taken for granted as a source of wealth, opportunity and abundance. Our growing understanding of the oceans has fundamentally changed this perception. We now know that in some areas, abundance is giving way to real scarcity, resulting in severe conflicts. Territorial disputes that threaten peace and security, disruptions to global climate, overfishing, habitat destruction, species extinction, indiscriminate trawling, pollution, the dumping of hazardous and toxic wastes, piracy, terrorism, illegal trafficking and the destruction of coastal communities are among the problems that today form an integral part of the unfolding drama of the oceans. Based on the deliberations, experience and input of more than 100 specialists from around the world, this timely volume provides a powerful overview of the state of our water world.

  15. Houses of the Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    If one were to showcase new housing technologies and innovative designs in Australia, it wouldn't be a bad idea to place such an exhibit next to one of the most instantly recognizable structures in the world. Well, that is precisely what the Australian government (in collaboration with private industry groups) did when they placed this remarkable "Houses of the Future" exhibition next to the Sydney Opera House. While the exhibit has since moved on to a new location, visitors who are curious about the future of the built environment (particularly in terms of domestic architecture and construction) will enjoy this interactive website. The website features six homes that are part of a "new generation of prefabricated dwellings emerging around the globe". The requirements for each new housing type were that they be prefabricated for easy transportation, environmentally sustainable, designed by an architect, and "futuristic in appearance and use of domestic space". On the site, visitors may look within each house, all the while learning about each structure's historical precedents, environmental features, and of course, its architects. For those interested in the potential of domestic architecture, this website will be quite a treat.

  16. The Futures Channel

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created in 1999, the goal of The Futures Channel (TFC) is to use "new media technologies to create a channel between the scientists, engineers, explorers and visionaries who are shaping the future, and today's learners who will one day succeed them." The site provides visitors with access to new movies and educator favorites at no charge, and visitors can also purchase compilations of past programs online here as well. In the "Featured Movies" area, visitors can learn how baseball bats are tested, the intricacies involved with making dolls, and the daily life of a weather forecaster. On the right-hand side of the homepage, visitors can also sign up to receive the free weekly newsletter. Visitors looking for more specific short videos can click on one of the thirteen subject areas on the left-hand side of the homepage. The site is rounded out by some special features, like "Behind the Sound of TFC" which features an interview with Stephen Jay, the composer of the music for these innovative films.

  17. Future dynamics in theories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Müller, D.; de Andrade, V. C.; Maia, C.; Rebouças, M. J.; Teixeira, A. F. F.

    2015-01-01

    The gravity theories provide an alternative way to explain the current cosmic acceleration without invoking a dark energy matter component used in the cosmological modeling in the framework of general relativity. However, the freedom in the choice of the functional forms of gives rise to the problem of the degeneracy among these gravity theories on theoretical and (or) observational grounds. In this paper we examine the question as to whether the future dynamics can be used to break the degeneracy between gravity theories by investigating the dynamics of spatially homogeneous and isotropic dust flat models in two gravity theories, namely the well-known gravity and another by Aviles et al., whose motivation comes from the cosmographic approach to gravity. We perform a detailed numerical study of the dynamics of these theories taking into account the recent constraints on the cosmological parameters made by the Planck Collaboration. We demonstrate that besides being useful for discriminating between these two gravity theories, the future dynamics technique can also be used to determine the finite-time behavior as well as the fate of the Universe in the framework of these gravity theories. There also emerges from our analysis the result that one still can have a dust flat FLRW solution with a big rip, if gravity is governed by . We also show that FLRW dust solutions with do not necessarily lead to singularities.

  18. The Future of ADASS

    E-print Network

    Lorente, Nuria P F

    2015-01-01

    ADASS has been a successful conference series for 24 years. If it is to continue to be successful and relevant we need to ensure that it provides what we as a community need from an annual conference. Earlier this year the ADASS Program Organising Committee conducted a survey on the content, style and governance of ADASS, in order to ascertain the conference needs of our community of astronomy software, methods and algorithms providers and users. 140 people participated in the survey: familiar faces, newcomers and a significant number of people who have yet to attend an ADASS. We summarise the Birds of a Feather session held on 7 October 2014, which discussed the findings of the survey and the shape that the community would like future ADASS meetings to take: What do we like of the current format? What would we change? What can we do to make ADASS fit our current and future needs? If we are to ensure that ADASS is vibrant, interesting and at the cutting edge of our subject we need to take collective responsib...

  19. Future Scenarios and Environmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopnina, Helen

    2014-01-01

    This article explores a number of questions about visions of the future and their implications for environmental education (EE). If the future were known, what kind of actions would be needed to maintain the positive aspects and reverse the negative ones? How could these actions be translated into the aims of EE? Three future scenarios are…

  20. Learning for an Unknown Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Ronald

    2012-01-01

    What is it to learn for an unknown future? It might be said that the future has always been unknown but this question surely takes on a new pedagogical challenge in the contemporary age. Generic skills may seem to offer the basis of just such a learning for an unknown future. Generic skills, by definition, are those that surely hold across…

  1. Futures Scenario in Science Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, David; Vanderhout, Annastasia; Lloyd, Lisa; Atkins, David

    2010-01-01

    In this article we describe our experiences in developing futures scenarios in two science contexts, space science and atmospheric science/climate change. Futures scenario writing can develop scientific literacy by connecting science learning to students' lifeworlds--past, present and future. They also provide a synthesising mechanism for…

  2. The research programme Future Agriculture

    E-print Network

    The research programme Future Agriculture ­ livestock, crops and land use Welcome to a lunch.slu.se/futureagriculture For questions, please contact KatarinaVrede (katarina.vrede@slu.se) About Future Agriculture ­ livestock, crops and land use The changes and challenges facing agriculture in the future will be substantial, not only

  3. A future with broadleaved trees

    E-print Network

    A future with broadleaved trees A strategy for the Improvement of broadleaved trees in Britain and Ireland 2013-2025 Supported by #12;2 A future with broAdleAved trees Many people and organisations from and highlights areas where we believe further consideration is required. Future Trees Trust, Earth Trust

  4. Topic Analysis Using a Finite Mixture Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Hang; Yamanishi, Kenji

    2003-01-01

    Presents a single framework for conducting topic analysis that performs both topic identification and text segmentation. Key characteristics of the framework are: representing a topic by means of a cluster of words closely related to the topic; and employing a stochastic model, called a finite mixture model, to represent a word distribution within…

  5. Automatic labeling of multinomial topic models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qiaozhu Mei; Xuehua Shen; Chengxiang Zhai

    2007-01-01

    Multinomial distributions over words are frequently used to model topics in text collections. A common, major chal- lenge in applying all such topic models to any text mining problem is to label a multinomial topic model accurately so that a user can interpret the discovered topic. So far, such labels have been generated manually in a subjective way. In this

  6. Probabilistic Topic Models for Learning Terminological Ontologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wang Wei; Payam Mamaani Barnaghi; Andrzej Bargiela

    2010-01-01

    Probabilistic topic models were originally developed and utilized for document modeling and topic extraction in Information Retrieval. In this paper, we describe a new approach for automatic learning of terminological ontologies from text corpus based on such models. In our approach, topic models are used as efficient dimension reduction techniques, which are able to capture semantic relationships between word-topic and

  7. TOPICAL REVIEW: Semiconductor nanowires

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei Lu; Charles M. Lieber

    2006-01-01

    Semiconductor nanowires (NWs) represent a unique system for exploring phenomena at the nanoscale and are also expected to play a critical role in future electronic and optoelectronic devices. Here we review recent advances in growth, characterization, assembly and integration of chemically synthesized, atomic scale semiconductor NWs. We first introduce a general scheme based on a metal-cluster catalyzed vapour-liquid-solid growth mechanism

  8. Toward the Greening of Our Minds: A New Special Topics Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marteel-Parrish, Anne E.

    2007-01-01

    A new special-topics course on green chemistry would help students to critically evaluate policy decisions in an environmentally conscientious manner. The actively acquired knowledge would allow students to spread the word about green chemistry in the long term to the world, where they would pursue their future goals of life.

  9. A Review of Selected Nanotechnology Topics and Their Potential Military Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun Wang; Peter J Dortmans

    This report presents the review of progress in selected nanotechology topics and some possible applications. We survey four major branches within the field: nanotubes, quantum dots, nanomaterials and nanodevices. For each of these, we review the underlying scientific concepts, potential enabling technologies and current limitations to the realisation of nanotechnology applications. Possible implications for the future Land Force are discussed

  10. Enhancing the Undergraduate Industrial Engineering Curriculum: Defining Desired Characteristics and Emerging Topics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eskandari, Hamidreza; Sala-Diakanda, Serge; Furterer, Sandra; Rabelo, Luis; Crumpton-Young, Lesia; Williams, Kent

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to present the results of an initial research study conducted to identify the desired professional characteristics of an industrial engineer with an undergraduate degree and the emerging topic areas that should be incorporated into the curriculum to prepare industrial engineering (IE) graduates for the future workforce.…

  11. Topics in Finance: Part II--Financial Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laux, Judy

    2010-01-01

    The second article in a series designed to supplement the introductory financial management course, this essay addresses financial statement analysis, including its impact on stock valuation, disclosure, and managerial behavior. [For "Topics in Finance Part I--Introduction and Stockholder Wealth Maximization," see EJ1060345.

  12. Topics in Biomedical Optics: introduction to the feature issue

    E-print Network

    Larson-Prior, Linda

    , and computed tomography). 0003-6935/09/10TBO1-02$15.00/0 © 2009 Optical Society of America 1 April 2009 / Vol Methods for Diffuse Optical Imaging and Tomography, Methods for Optical Spectroscopy and Spectroscopic centimeters). For microscopy, the topics included ad- vances in optical coherence tomography (e.g., ultra

  13. Current Astronomy Topics in the Precollege Science Classroom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. R. Weehler; S. Hart; S. H. Jacoby

    2000-01-01

    High School teachers Weehler and Hart worked with the NOAO Educational Outreach department and staff astronomers to develop a format for delivering current research results and images to the classroom. Goals included timeliness, accuracy, and usability of the information, as well as visual appeal and relevance of topics to the precollege science classroom. The lessons learned and expertise brought to

  14. Admixture of Poisson MRFs: A Topic Model with Word Dependencies

    E-print Network

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    form system government south french km include mi national population water family modern found powerAdmixture of Poisson MRFs: A Topic Model with Word Dependencies David I. Inouye DINOUYE on an admixture of Poisson Markov Random Fields (APM), which can model dependencies between words as opposed

  15. Markov Chain Monte Carlo and Related Topics Department of Statistics

    E-print Network

    Liu, Jun

    Markov Chain Monte Carlo and Related Topics Jun S. Liu Department of Statistics Stanford University review of recent developments in Markov chain Monte Carlo methodology. The methods discussed include.g., simulated tempering, paral­ lel tempering, parameter expansion, dynamic weighting, and multigrid Monte Carlo

  16. Server-Side Includes Made Simple.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fagan, Jody Condit

    2002-01-01

    Describes server-side include (SSI) codes which allow Webmasters to insert content into Web pages without programming knowledge. Explains how to enable the codes on a Web server, provides a step-by-step process for implementing them, discusses tags and syntax errors, and includes examples of their use on the Web site for Southern Illinois…

  17. Wind farm optimal design including risk

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Javier Serrano Gonzalez; Manuel Burgos Payan; Jesus M. Riquelme Santos

    2010-01-01

    An Evolutive Algorithm (EA) for wind farm optimal design, including the investment financial risk, is presented. The algorithm objective is to optimize the profits given an investment on a wind farm including the main risk management aspects. Net Present Value (NPV) will be used as a figure of the revenue in the proposed method. To estimate the NPV is necessary

  18. The Future of Working Wisconsin. Proceedings from "The Future of Working Wisconsin" Conference (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, February 24-26, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wacker, Gabrielle Banick, Ed.

    The following are among the 45 papers included in this proceedings: "Labor Force Changes in the United States: Implications for Education and Training" (Kutscher); "Industry, Employment, and Family Income: Wisconsin's Status" (Stoner); "Future Demographic and Social Trends" (Zach); "International Business in Wisconsin's Future" (Shank);…

  19. The future of coral reefs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knowlton, Nancy

    2001-05-01

    Coral reefs, with their millions of species, have changed profoundly because of the effects of people, and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. Reefs are subject to many of the same processes that affect other human-dominated ecosystems, but some special features merit emphasis: (i) Many dominant reef builders spawn eggs and sperm into the water column, where fertilization occurs. They are thus particularly vulnerable to Allee effects, including potential extinction associated with chronic reproductive failure. (ii) The corals likely to be most resistant to the effects of habitat degradation are small, short-lived "weedy" corals that have limited dispersal capabilities at the larval stage. Habitat degradation, together with habitat fragmentation, will therefore lead to the establishment of genetically isolated clusters of inbreeding corals. (iii) Increases in average sea temperatures by as little as 1°C, a likely result of global climate change, can cause coral "bleaching" (the breakdown of coral-algal symbiosis), changes in symbiont communities, and coral death. (iv) The activities of people near reefs increase both fishing pressure and nutrient inputs. In general, these processes favor more rapidly growing competitors, often fleshy seaweeds, and may also result in explosions of predator populations. (v) Combinations of stress appear to be associated with threshold responses and ecological surprises, including devastating pathogen outbreaks. (vi) The fossil record suggests that corals as a group are more likely to suffer extinctions than some of the groups that associate with them, whose habitat requirements may be less stringent.

  20. America's CryptoKids: Future Codemakers and Codebreakers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This interactive website introduces students to codes, ciphers, and cryptology. Topics include how codes and ciphers are defined, how to make a cipher, how to break a cipher (cryptanalysis), and some historically important code and cipher systems. It also includes a set of games and activities that features a cast of cartoon characters, links to online resources, career information, and information on seasonal programs and internships at the National Security Agency (NSA).

  1. 17 CFR 1.12 - Maintenance of minimum financial requirements by futures commission merchants and introducing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...including commodity futures and options. In addition to actual margin deposits...noncustomer who is subject to the minimum financial requirements of: (A) A futures...merchant is qualified to use the filing option available under §...

  2. 17 CFR 1.12 - Maintenance of minimum financial requirements by futures commission merchants and introducing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...including commodity futures and options. In addition to actual margin deposits...noncustomer who is subject to the minimum financial requirements of: (A) A futures...merchant is qualified to use the filing option available under §...

  3. 17 CFR 1.10 - Financial reports of futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...certified annual financial reports of futures...customers' dealer options accounts, and the...to its members' financial condition. ...(h) Filing option available to a futures...include with the financial report a statement... (k) Filing option available to...

  4. 17 CFR 1.10 - Financial reports of futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...certified annual financial reports of futures...customers' dealer options accounts, the Statement...to its members' financial condition. ...(h) Filing option available to a futures...include with the financial report a statement... (k) Filing option available to...

  5. 17 CFR 1.10 - Financial reports of futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...certified annual financial reports of futures...customers' dealer options accounts, and the...to its members' financial condition. ...(h) Filing option available to a futures...include with the financial report a statement... (k) Filing option available to...

  6. 17 CFR 1.10 - Financial reports of futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...certified annual financial reports of futures...customers' dealer options accounts, and the...to its members' financial condition. ...(h) Filing option available to a futures...include with the financial report a statement... (k) Filing option available to...

  7. 17 CFR 1.12 - Maintenance of minimum financial requirements by futures commission merchants and introducing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...including commodity futures and options. In addition to actual margin deposits...noncustomer who is subject to the minimum financial requirements of: (A) A futures...merchant is qualified to use the filing option available under §...

  8. 17 CFR 1.10 - Financial reports of futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...certified annual financial reports of futures...customers' dealer options accounts, and the...to its members' financial condition. ...(h) Filing option available to a futures...include with the financial report a statement... (k) Filing option available to...

  9. 17 CFR 1.12 - Maintenance of minimum financial requirements by futures commission merchants and introducing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...including commodity futures and options. In addition to actual margin deposits...noncustomer who is subject to the minimum financial requirements of: (A) A futures...merchant is qualified to use the filing option available under §...

  10. Alternative Futures Analysis Of Farmington Bay Wetlands In The Great Salt Lake Ecosystem

    EPA Science Inventory

    An Alternative Futures Analysis (AFA) was conducted to evaluate tradeoffs between landscape design scenarios and ecological services for Farmington Bay, Great Salt Lake (GSL), wetlands. Model scenarios included both plan trend and conservation "futures" projected to 2030. Scena...

  11. AN ALTERNATIVE FUTURES ANALYSIS OF FARMINGTON BAY WETLANDS IN THE GREAT SALT LAKE

    EPA Science Inventory

    An Alternative Futures Analysis (AFA) was conducted to evaluate tradeoffs between landscape design scenarios and ecological services for Farmington Bay, Great Salt Lake (GSL), wetlands. Model scenarios included plan trend and conservation "futures" scenarios projected to 2030. ...

  12. Summary of SMIRT20 Preconference Topical Workshop – Identifying Structural Issues in Advanced Reactors

    SciTech Connect

    William Richins; Stephen Novascone; Cheryl O'Brien

    2009-08-01

    Summary of SMIRT20 Preconference Topical Workshop – Identifying Structural Issues in Advanced Reactors William Richins1, Stephen Novascone1, and Cheryl O’Brien1 1Idaho National Laboratory, US Dept. of Energy, Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA, e-mail: William.Richins@inl.gov The Idaho National Laboratory (INL, USA) and IASMiRT sponsored an international forum Nov 5-6, 2008 in Porvoo, Finland for nuclear industry, academic, and regulatory representatives to identify structural issues in current and future advanced reactor design, especially for extreme conditions and external threats. The purpose of this Topical Workshop was to articulate research, engineering, and regulatory Code development needs. The topics addressed by the Workshop were selected to address critical industry needs specific to advanced reactor structures that have long lead times and can be the subject of future SMiRT technical sessions. The topics were; 1) structural/materials needs for extreme conditions and external threats in contemporary (Gen. III) and future (Gen. IV and NGNP) advanced reactors and 2) calibrating simulation software and methods that address topic 1 The workshop discussions and research needs identified are presented. The Workshop successfully produced interactive discussion on the two topics resulting in a list of research and technology needs. It is recommended that IASMiRT communicate the results of the discussion to industry and researchers to encourage new ideas and projects. In addition, opportunities exist to retrieve research reports and information that currently exists, and encourage more international cooperation and collaboration. It is recommended that IASMiRT continue with an off-year workshop series on select topics.

  13. Focus Article El Ni ~no and our future climate

    E-print Network

    Wittenberg, Andrew

    Focus Article El Ni ~no and our future climate: where do we stand? Gabriel A. Vecchi and Andrew T activity, including a decrease in Atlantic hurricane activity6 and an eastward shift of western Pacific

  14. 40 CFR 194.25 - Future state assumptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...practicable, the effects of potential changes to hydrogeologic conditions...practicable, the effects of potential changes to geologic conditions, including...practicable, the effects of potential changes to future climate cycles of increased...

  15. 40 CFR 194.25 - Future state assumptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...practicable, the effects of potential changes to hydrogeologic conditions...practicable, the effects of potential changes to geologic conditions, including...practicable, the effects of potential changes to future climate cycles of increased...

  16. 40 CFR 194.25 - Future state assumptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...practicable, the effects of potential changes to hydrogeologic conditions...practicable, the effects of potential changes to geologic conditions, including...practicable, the effects of potential changes to future climate cycles of increased...

  17. 40 CFR 194.25 - Future state assumptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...practicable, the effects of potential changes to hydrogeologic conditions...practicable, the effects of potential changes to geologic conditions, including...practicable, the effects of potential changes to future climate cycles of increased...

  18. 40 CFR 194.25 - Future state assumptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...practicable, the effects of potential changes to hydrogeologic conditions...practicable, the effects of potential changes to geologic conditions, including...practicable, the effects of potential changes to future climate cycles of increased...

  19. Should gas distributors trade futures

    SciTech Connect

    Rosenkranz, J.A. (EnerPro, Inc., Chicago, IL (United States))

    1991-05-01

    On April 3, 1990, the New York Mercantile Exchange began trading futures contracts on natural gas. Is this market something that regulated gas utilities should be involved in Do the potential benefits outweigh the possible costs and risks And if gas utilities are allowed to engage in futures trading, should state utility regulators place controls on how these markets are used This article reviews the economic rationale for futures trading and examines the options available to state regulators for dealing with futures trading by companies under their jurisdiction. It also looks at some of the precedents for restricting the futures trading activities of regulated companies.

  20. Three Activities To Assist Biology Teachers in Presenting Conceptually Difficult Topics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Neil; Tulip, David

    1997-01-01

    Outlines three activities for different areas of biology that can serve as motivators for students or as demonstrations. Each activity is easy to organize and uses available materials. Topics include evolution, anaerobic respiration, and heat loss. (DDR)

  1. Human-modified ecosystems and future evolution

    PubMed Central

    Western, David

    2001-01-01

    Our global impact is finally receiving the scientific attention it deserves. The outcome will largely determine the future course of evolution. Human-modified ecosystems are shaped by our activities and their side effects. They share a common set of traits including simplified food webs, landscape homogenization, and high nutrient and energy inputs. Ecosystem simplification is the ecological hallmark of humanity and the reason for our evolutionary success. However, the side effects of our profligacy and poor resource practices are now so pervasive as to threaten our future no less than that of biological diversity itself. This article looks at human impact on ecosystems and the consequences for evolution. It concludes that future evolution will be shaped by our awareness of the global threats, our willingness to take action, and our ability to do so. Our ability is presently hampered by several factors, including the poor state of ecosystem and planetary knowledge, ignorance of human impact, lack of guidelines for sustainability, and a paucity of good policies, practices, and incentives for adopting those guidelines in daily life. Conservation philosophy, science, and practice must be framed against the reality of human-dominated ecosystems, rather than the separation of humanity and nature underlying the modern conservation movement. The steps scientists can take to imbed science in conservation and conservation in the societal process affecting the future of ecosystems and human well-being are discussed. PMID:11344294

  2. Erythromycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Topical

    MedlinePLUS

    The combination of erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide is used to treat acne. Erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide are in a class of medications called topical antibiotics. The combination of erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide works by killing the bacteria ...

  3. Health Topic XML File Description

    MedlinePLUS

    ... nih.gov/medlineplus/xmldescription.html Health Topic XML File Description: MedlinePlus To use the sharing features on ... Tags Definitions of every possible tag in the file, with examples and their use on MedlinePlus.

  4. Conversational topics in transsexual persons.

    PubMed

    Van Borsel, John; Cayzeele, Miet; Heirman, Eva; T'sjoen, Guy

    2014-06-01

    Abstract In general, speech language therapy for transsexual persons focuses on pitch and pitch variation and more recently also on resonance. Other communicative aspects are dealt with far less often, especially language. This study investigated to what extent conversational topics might need attention in therapy for transsexual persons. A total of 111 males, 116 females, 28 male-to-female and 18 female-to-male transsexuals were asked to indicate on a list with 34 topics how often they speak about each topic (never, sometimes, often) in conversations with males, with females and in a gender mixed group. Results showed that transsexual persons behave in accordance with the desired gender. However, they also tend to adopt a position depending on the gender of their conversational partner. It can be concluded that in general it is not necessary to pay attention to conversational topics in therapy for transsexual persons. PMID:24446798

  5. Current Topics in Plant Biology

    E-print Network

    González Astorga, Jorge Arturo - INECOL

    Current Topics in Plant Biology Vol. 4, 2003 An outlineof our current knowledgeon currentresearchon Mexicancycadsis givenfrom varyingdisciplinessuchasmorphology, anatomy,taxonomy? --Cycadsare an ancient group of dioecious seedplants, classified with the gymnosperms with a fossil history

  6. Clindamycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Topical

    MedlinePLUS

    The combination of clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide is used to treat acne. Clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide are in a class of medications called topical antibiotics. The combination of clindamycin ...

  7. Buspirone: future directions.

    PubMed

    Apter, J T; Allen, L A

    1999-02-01

    The Food and Drug Administration approved the use of buspirone for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in 1986. Since then, numerous studies have examined the efficacy and safety of buspirone for patients with not only generalized feelings of anxiety, but also panic disorder, major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, social phobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor-induced adverse events, dementia, behavioral disturbances, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, and tobacco dependency. Although relatively few placebo-controlled trials have been conducted on patients with problems other than GAD, an ever-growing body of research suggests future directions for the use of buspirone. This article reviews the body of research relating to new uses for buspirone. PMID:9934947

  8. Future in Psychopathology Research

    PubMed Central

    Heckers, Stephan

    2014-01-01

    Psychopathology research has focused either on the analysis of the mental state in the here and now or on the synthesis of mental status abnormalities with biological markers and outcome data. These two schools of psychopathology, the analytic and the synthetic, make contrasting assumptions, take different approaches, and pursue divergent goals. Analytic psychopathology favors the individual person and unique biography, whereas synthetic psychopathology abstracts from the single case and generalizes to the population level. The dimension of time, especially the prediction of future outcomes, is viewed differently by these two schools. Here I outline how Carpenter’s proposal of strong inference and theory testing in psychopathology research can be used to test the value of analytic and synthetic psychopathology. The emerging field of personalized psychiatry can clarify the relevance of psychopathology for contemporary research in psychiatry. PMID:24562493

  9. The Future of Children

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    There are a number of fine journals that deal with policies oriented toward children in the United States, and The Future of Children is certainly one of the best. The journal is a publication of The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and The Brookings Institution. On this site, visitors can read the current issue of the journal, and also browse their previous issues dating back to 1991. Each issue has a general theme, and past years have featured issues dealing with adoption, health insurance for children, caring for infants and toddlers, and domestic violence. For visitors who may be pressed for time, each issue contains an executive summary and article summaries. Additionally, users may also wish to sign up to receive their free e-mail newsletter.

  10. Future of Polio Vaccines

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Summary Over the past half-century, global use of highly effective vaccines against poliomyelitis brought this disease to the brink of elimination. Mounting evidence argues that a high level of population immunity must be maintained to preserve a polio-free status of the entire world after wild poliovirus circulation is stopped. Shifting factors in the risk-benefit-cost equation favor the creation of new poliovirus vaccines to be used in the foreseeable future. Genetically stable attenuated virus strains could be developed for an improved oral poliovirus vaccine, but proving their safety and efficacy would be impractical because of the enormous size of the clinical trials required. New versions of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) that could be used globally should be developed. An improved IPV must be efficacious, inexpensive, safe to manufacture, and easy to administer. Combination products containing IPV along with other protective antigens should become part of routine childhood immunizations around the world. PMID:19545205

  11. Future spacecraft propulsion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrison, P. W.; Stocky, J. F.

    1988-01-01

    Propulsion requirements for launch vehicles, upper stages, satellites and platforms, and planetary spacecraft are described from a functional perspective and compared on an energy basis. Mission velocity requirements for a range of missions are presented. A simple model relating optimum exhaust velocity and maximum system delta-V as a function of system-specific energy is developed, which provides insight into the relationship between system performance and various power and propulsion subsystem characteristics. Based on this model, various advanced propulsion options, e.g., the solid-core nuclear rocket and nuclear electric propulsion, are evaluated, and the implications of this analysis for propulsion and power system technology development programs are discussed. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of future propulsion requirements for the nonspecialist.

  12. The Future Looks Bright ...

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Stella Hurtley (AAAS; )

    2003-04-04

    This article introduces a special issue on light microscopy, and includes articles on choosing a light microscope, advances in fluorescent protein markers, mitosis imaging, and imaging cellular signal transduction.

  13. The Future Training Room.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbian, Jeff

    2001-01-01

    Looks at some of the electronic learning technology that has already been developed and will become common for training, including robots, lucid dreaming, tele-immersion, human interface technology, among others. (JOW)

  14. Topical Antimicrobials for Burn Infections – An Update

    PubMed Central

    Sevgi, Mert; Toklu, Ani; Vecchio, Daniela; Hamblin, Michael R

    2014-01-01

    The relentless rise in antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria and fungi, coupled with the high susceptibility of burn wounds to infection, and the difficulty of systemically administered antibiotics to reach damaged tissue, taken together have made the development of novel topical antimicrobials for burn infections a fertile area of innovation for researchers and companies. We previously covered the existing patent literature in this area in 2010, but the notable progress made since then, has highlighted the need for an update to bring the reader up to date on recent developments. New patents in the areas of topically applied antibiotics and agents that can potentiate the action of existing antibiotics may extend their useful lifetime. Developments have also been made in biofilm-disrupting agents. Antimicrobial peptides are nature’s way for many life forms to defend themselves against attack by pathogens. Silver has long been known to be a highly active antimicrobial but new inorganic metal derivatives based on bismuth, copper and gallium have emerged. Halogens such as chlorine and iodine can be delivered by novel technologies. A variety of topically applied antimicrobials include chitosan preparations, usnic acid, ceragenins and XF porphyrins. Natural product derived antimicrobials such as tannins and essential oils have also been studied. Novel techniques to deliver reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in situ have been developed. Light-mediated techniques include photodynamic therapy, ultraviolet irradiation, blue light, low-level laser therapy and titania photocatalysis. Passive immunotherapy employs antibodies against pathogens and their virulence factors. Finally an interesting new area uses therapeutic microorganisms such as phages, probiotic bacteria and protozoa to combat infections. PMID:24215506

  15. The role of quantum information in thermodynamics --- a topical review

    E-print Network

    John Goold; Marcus Huber; Arnau Riera; Lídia del Rio; Paul Skrzypzyk

    2015-05-28

    This topical review article gives an overview of the interplay between quantum information theory and thermodynamics of quantum systems. We focus on several trending topics including the foundations of statistical mechanics, resource theories, entanglement in thermodynamic settings, fluctuation theorems and thermal machines. This is not a comprehensive review of the diverse field of quantum thermodynamics; rather, it is a convenient entry point for the thermo-curious information theorist. Furthermore this review should facilitate the unification and understanding of different interdisciplinary approaches emerging in research groups around the world.

  16. The role of quantum information in thermodynamics --- a topical review

    E-print Network

    John Goold; Marcus Huber; Arnau Riera; Lídia del Rio; Paul Skrzypczyk

    2015-06-23

    This topical review article gives an overview of the interplay between quantum information theory and thermodynamics of quantum systems. We focus on several trending topics including the foundations of statistical mechanics, resource theories, entanglement in thermodynamic settings, fluctuation theorems and thermal machines. This is not a comprehensive review of the diverse field of quantum thermodynamics; rather, it is a convenient entry point for the thermo-curious information theorist. Furthermore this review should facilitate the unification and understanding of different interdisciplinary approaches emerging in research groups around the world.

  17. Dedicated heterogeneous node scheduling including backfill scheduling

    DOEpatents

    Wood, Robert R. (Livermore, CA); Eckert, Philip D. (Livermore, CA); Hommes, Gregg (Pleasanton, CA)

    2006-07-25

    A method and system for job backfill scheduling dedicated heterogeneous nodes in a multi-node computing environment. Heterogeneous nodes are grouped into homogeneous node sub-pools. For each sub-pool, a free node schedule (FNS) is created so that the number of to chart the free nodes over time. For each prioritized job, using the FNS of sub-pools having nodes useable by a particular job, to determine the earliest time range (ETR) capable of running the job. Once determined for a particular job, scheduling the job to run in that ETR. If the ETR determined for a lower priority job (LPJ) has a start time earlier than a higher priority job (HPJ), then the LPJ is scheduled in that ETR if it would not disturb the anticipated start times of any HPJ previously scheduled for a future time. Thus, efficient utilization and throughput of such computing environments may be increased by utilizing resources otherwise remaining idle.

  18. A critical review of “Internet addiction” criteria with suggestions for the future

    PubMed Central

    VAN ROOIJ, ANTONIUS J.; PRAUSE, NICOLE

    2014-01-01

    Aims: In the last 5 years a deluge of articles on the topic of Internet addiction (IA) has proposed many candidate symptoms as evidence of this proposed disease. We critically reviewed the current approach to the measurement and identification of this new excessive behavior syndrome. Methods: Three popular models of IA were discussed: Griffith’s components model; Young’s Internet Addiction Test (IAT); and the criteria by Tao et al. (2010). We selected these models because they are widely cited and propose specific criteria for IA disorder. Our approach is not meant to provide an exhaustive review, but to discuss and critique the most salient trends in the field. Results: The models of Internet addiction share some criteria, including feeling a loss of control over Internet use; ensuing psychological, social, or professional conflict or problems; and preoccupation when not using the Internet. Other criteria inconsistently mentioned include: mood management, tolerance, withdrawal, and craving/anticipation. The models studied here share the assumption that the Internet can produce a qualitative shift to a diseased state in humans. Conclusions: We critically discussed the above criteria and concluded that the evidence base is currently not strong enough to provide support for an Internet addiction disorder. Future research areas are suggested: (1) Focusing on common impaired dimensions, (2) exploring neuroimaging as a model building tool, and (3) identifying shifts in the rewarding aspects of Internet use. Given the lack of consensus on the subject of Internet addiction, a focus on problem behaviors appears warranted. PMID:25592305

  19. Course may include: Research in Education

    E-print Network

    Course may include: Research in Education Statistics in Education Theories of Educational Admin Comparative and International Education Organizational Behaviour in Educational Institutions Educational Policy Analysis Sociological Aspects of Education Approaches to Literacy Development Information

  20. Dementia (Including Alzheimer Disease) (Beyond the Basics)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... These can include: ? Increased anger or hostility, sometimes aggressive behavior; alternatively some people become very passive ? Hallucinations ... Dizziness is the most common side effect, and aggression and hallucinations may worsen in some people. It ...